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Full text of "U.S. census of agriculture: 1959. Final report"

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U, S. SUP.T. OE DOCUMENTS 



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VOL I 
PART 1 
MAINE 



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UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 



AGRICULTURE 



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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



U.S. CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 

Final Report — Vol. I — Part 1 — Counties 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS 
LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS 
CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES 



M 



aine 



COUNTIES 



Prepared under the supervision of 
RAY HURLEY, Chief 
Agriculture Division 




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
Luther H. Hodges, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Robert W. Burgess, Director 





BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROBERT W. BURGESS, Director 



A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Lowell T. Galt, Special Assistant 

Herman P. Miller, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician 

Joseph F. Daly, Chief Mathematical Statistician 
Charles B. Lawrence, Jr., Assistant Director for Operations 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief International Statistical Programs Office 
A. W. von Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division- Boston Public Lib ™T 

Ray Hurley, Chief Superintendent of Documents 

Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief 

Orvin L. Wilhitb, Assistant Chief .... q 1 .- 

Field Division— ^Il lN 6 1 -V3Q+ 

Jefferson D. McPike, Chief 
Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief 

Machine Tabulation Division — DEPOSITORY 

C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Henry A. Bloom, Assistant Chief 
Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 
Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 
Business Division — Harvey Kaiun, Chief 
Construction Statistics Division — Samuel J. Dennis, Chief 
Decennial Operations Division — Glen S. Taylor, Chief 
Demographic Surveys Division — Robert B. Pearl, Chief 

Economic Operations Division — Majlion D. Bingham, Chief Df\PTr\% 

Electronic Systems Division— Robert F. Drury, Chief oUoTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — William T. Fay, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Housing Division — Wayne F. Daugherty, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Personnel Division — James P. Taff, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 
Statistical Methods Division — Joseph Steinberg, Chief 
Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 
Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 
Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC59-1 and AC59-2, 
Preliminary Reports 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: A60-9482 



SUGGESTED CITATION 

U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1959- Vol. 
Counties, Part 1 Maine 

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1961 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. Price $1.00 



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PREFACE 

Volume I, Counties, is one of the five principal reports presenting the results of the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 54 parts, presents the compilation of the infor- 
mation given by farm operators to census enumerators in 1959. 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress of 
August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code. 

The collection of the data was carried out by census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Bureau of the Census and working under the direction 
of Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Field Division. Paul R. Squires, then Special Assistant to 
the Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief, and Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief. They 
were assisted by M. Vincent Lindquist, Thomas Jabine, Robert S. McCauley, John C. 
Mackey, Robert Standley, Hilton E. Robison, Helen E. Teir, Carl R. Nyman, Kenneth 
R. Norell, Gladys L. Eagle, Henry L. DeGraff, Charles H. Boehne, Joseph A. Correll, 
Margaret G. Wood, Evelyn K. Jett, Simon Yablon, Emma B. Gass, Charlotte J. Messinese, 
Bennie L. Sharp, Isaac E. Lemon, James M. Lindsey, Samuel S. Murray, William F. 
Kauffman, Hector Vila, Harry P. Owings, Charles A. Nicholls, Henry A. Tucker, Robert 
S. Boyle, Helen M. Davenport, Albert W. Graybill, Lois G. Miller, Thomas D. Monroe, 
Gerald P. Owens, Bernard L. Ross, Marvin M. Thompson, Helen D. Turner, Kurt W. 
Luethy, Arnold L. Bollenbacher, George W. Coffman, Joseph A. Horak, Samuel J. Hundley, 
Donald K. Larson, Chester G. Lykins, Wilmer R. Maxham, Virgil L. McClain, Jr., Darrell 
D. Prochaska, Robert J. Rades, Hubert E. Sites, Duane E. Traylor, Donald H. von Steen, 
Elmer O. Rea, Frances G. Compton, Lillian W. Bentel, and Neil V. Perkins. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of personnel by the 
United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumeration, and the com- 
pilation of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. 

March 1961 

in 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 
FINAL REPORTS 

Volume I— Counties — A separate part for each State. Statistics on number of farms; farm characteristics; acreage in farms; cropland 
and other uses of land; land-use practices; irrigation; farm facilities and equipment; farm labor; farm expenditures; use of commercial 
fertilizer; number and kind of livestock; acres and production of crops; value of farm products; characteristics of commercial farms, farms 
classified by tenure, by size, type, and economic class; and comparative data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Volume I is published in 54 parts as follows: 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 




New England States: 




West North Central — Continued 




Mountain: 


1 


Maine. 


19 


South Dakota. 


38 


Montana. 


2 


New Hampshire. 


20 


Nebraska. 


39 


Idaho. 


3 


Vermont. 


21 


Kansas. 


40 


Wyoming. 


4 


Massachusetts. 




South Atlantic: 


41 


Colorado. 


5 


Rhode Island. 


22 


Delaware. 


42 


New Mexico. 


6 


Connecticut. 


23 


Maryland. 


43 


Arizona. 




Middle Atlantic States: 


24 


Virginia. 


44 


Utah. 


7 


New York. 


25 


West Virginia. 


45 


Nevada. 


8 


New Jersey. 


26 


North Carolina. 




Pacific: 


9 


Pennsylvania. 


27 


South Carolina. 


46 


Washington. 




East North Central: 


28 


Georgia. 


47 


Oregon. 


10 


Ohio. 


29 


Florida. 


48 


California. 


11 


Indiana. 




East South Central: 


49 


Alaska. 


12 


Illinois. 


30 


Kentucky. 


50 


Hawaii 


13 


Michigan. 


31 


Tennessee. 




Other Areas: 


14 


Wisconsin. 


32 


Alabama. 


51 


American Samoa. 




West North Central: 


33 


Mississippi. 


52 


Guam. 


15 


Minnesota. 




West South Central: 


53 


Puerto Rico. 


16 


Iowa. 


34 


Arkansas. 


54 


Virgin Islands. 


17 


Missouri. 


35 


Louisiana. 






18 


North Dakota. 


36 
37 


Oklahoma. 
Texas. 







Volume II — General Report. — Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. Summary data and analyses of the 
data by States, for geographic divisions, and for the United States, by subjects, as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest Prod- 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




ucts. 


IV 


Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume ni — Irrigation of Agricultural Lands. Western States 
(Dry Areas) — Data by States for drainage basins and a summary 
for the area, including number and types of irrigation organiza- 
tions, source of water, expenditures for works and equipment since 
1950, water used and acres served for irrigation purposes. 

Volume IV — Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Data by States on 
land in drainage organizations, number and types of organizations, 
cost of drainage and drainage works. 



Volume V — Special Reports, Part 1. — Horticultural Specialties. 

Statistics by States and a summary for the United States present- 
ing number and kinds of operations; gross receipts and/or gross 
sales; sales of nursery products, flower seed, vegetables grown 
under glass, and propagated mushrooms; number of container- 
grown plants; inventory products; sales of bulb crops; employ- 
ment; structures and equipment. 

Titles of additional parts of this volume are not available as 
this report goes to press. 



IV 



MAINE 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Page 

History of the Census DC 

Legal basis for the Census DC 

Pretest of the 1959 Census DC 

Training program for personnel for enumeration DC 

Enumeration period DC 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization DC 

The agriculture questionnaire DC 

Agricultural operations X 

Enumeration assignments and enumeration districts X 

Enumerator 's record book XI 

Enumeration maps XI 

Lists of special and large farms XI 

Landlord- tenant questionnaire XI 

Township sketch map XI 

Field review of enumerator ' s work XII 

SAMPLING 

Use of sampling XII 

Description of the sample XII 

Adjustment of the sample XII 

Estimation of totals for the sample XII 

Presentation of sample data XII 

Reliability of estimates XII 

Differences in data resulting from differences in 

tabulating procedures XIII 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of enumeration XIII 

Editing of questionnaires XIII 

Coding of questionnaires XIII 

Tabulation of data XIII 

PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical content of this report XIV 

Comparability of data XIV 

Minor civil divisions XIV 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive summary and references XIV 

General Farm Information 

Census def init'ion of a farm XIV 

Farm operator XV 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XV 

Land area XV 

Land in farms XV 

Land in farms according to use XVI 

Value of land and buildings XVII 

Age of operator XVII 

Residence of operator XVII 

Year began operating present farm XVII 

Of f -farm work and other Income XVII 

Equipment and facilities XVII 

Farms by kind of road XVIII 

Farm labor XVIII 

Fertilizer and lime XVIII 

Specified farm expenditures XDC 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Crops 

Page 

Crops harvested XLX 

Corn XDC 

Annual legumes XX 

Hay crops XX 

Field seed crops XX 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XX 

Berries and other small fruits XX 

Tree fruits , nuts , and grapes XX 

Nursery and greenhouse products XXI 

Forest products XXI 

Value of crops harvested XXI 

Value of crops sold XXI 



Irrigation 

Definition of irrigated land XXI 

Enumeration of irrigated land XXI 

Irrigated farms XXI 

Land in irrigated farms XXI 

Land irrigated XXI 

Farms irrigated by number of acres irrigated XXI 

Land irrigated by source of water XXI 



Land-Use Practices 

Summary information XXJI 

Cropland in cover crops XXII 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the 

contour XXII 

Land in strip-cropping systems for soil-erosion control... XXII 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land XXII 



Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories XXII 

Milk cows, cows milked, milk produced, and butter XXII 

Whole milk and cream sold XXII 

Sows and gilts f arrowing XXII 

Sheep, lambs, and wool XXII 

Goats and mohair XXII 

Bees and honey XXII 

Value of livestock on farms XXII 

Sales of live animals XXII 

Sales of poultry and poultry products XXIII 



Classification of Farms 

Scope of classification XXIII 

Farms by size XXIII 

Farms by color of operator XXIII 

Farms by tenure of operator XXIII 

Farms by economic class XXIII 

Farms by type XXIV 

Value of farm products sold XXV 



(V) 



VI CONTENTS 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— Page 

1. — Farms , acreage, and value : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 3 

2 Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 4 

3 Farms and farm acreage , by color and tenure of operator : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 6 

4. — Farm operators by color, age, residence, and off-farm work; and equipment and 

facilities on farms : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 7 

5 Specified farm expenditures and farm labor : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 8 

6. — Livestock and poultry on farms, number and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 9 

7. — Livestock and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 10 

8. — Farms reporting, acreage, quantity harvested, and sales of crops: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 11 

9. — Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 16 

10. — Characteristics of places not counted as farms because of change in definition of farm: 1959 17 

11 Date of enumeration: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 17 

12 Farms reporting classified by number of livestock on farms and by quantity of livestock 

and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 18 

13. — Farms reporting classified by acres harvested, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for 

selected crops : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 19 

14 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by economic class of farm, Census of 1959 22 

15. — Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by type of farm, Census of 1959 24 

16 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by size of farm, Census of 1959 26 

17. — Farms and farm characteristics by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 28 

18. — Farms and farm characteristics of commercial farms by type of farm 

by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 40 

19 Farms and farm characteristics by type of farm: Census of 1959 62 

20. — Farms and farm characteristics by size of farm: Census of 1959 74 

21. — Farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator: Census of 1959 86 

22. — Cash rent paid by cash tenants and share-cash tenants by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 96 

23 Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county and State by number of farms reporting, by levels 96 

24. — Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county and State totals for specified items 97 

Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 100 

2 Number of farms, land in farms, and cropland harvested, by size of farm: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 102 

3 . — Farms and farm acreage by tenure of operator : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 104 

4 Characteristics of commercial farms, Census of 1959 105 

5 Farms reporting by off -farm work; and farms by tenure of operator, type of farm, economic class of farm, 

and value of farm products sold , by source : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 107 

6. — Equipment and facilities on farms and farm labor: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 109 

7. — Use of fertilizer and lime on farms and farm expenditures: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 Ill 

8 Livestock and poultry on farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 113 

9 Livestock and livestock products sold from farms and litters farrowed: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 115 

10 — Dairy products and poultry and poultry products sold from farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 117 

11. — Farms reporting acreage and quantity of crops harvested : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 118 

12 — Nursery and greenhouse products and forest products cut on farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 126 

APPENDIX 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire 130 

Enumerator ' s Record Book 134 

Index to tables 136 



INTRODUCTION 

(VII) 



MAINE 

Counties, County Sects, Mountains, and Rivers 




10 10 20 » 40 MILES 

IUUHUU I 1 I 1 



MAP NO. G-4 



STATE CAPITAL 
9 COUNTY SEAT 



INTRODUCTION 

THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



History of the Census. — The 1959 Census is the 17th nationwide 
agricultural census. The first agricultural census was taken in 
1840, at the same time as the Sixth Decennial Census of Popu- 
lation. From 1850 to 1920, an agricultural census was taken 
every 10 years. With increased application of scientific findings 
and the growing use of mechanization in agriculture, farming 
practices were changing so rapidly that facts collected at 10-year 
intervals were no longer adequate. Aware of the need for more 
accurate and timely information, the Congress in 1909 (36 stat. 
10, sec. 31, provided for a census to be taken in 1915 and every 
10 years thereafter which was to be in addition to the census of 
agriculture to be taken at the time of the decennial census of 
population. The 1915 census was not taken, however, because 
of the abnormal conditions created by World War I. Beginning 
with 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken every 
5 years. 

Legal Basis for the Census. — The 1959 Census of Agriculture 
was authorized by an Act of Congress, as were all prior censuses 
of agriculture. "Title 13, United States Code-Census," codified in 
August 1954, and amended in August 1957 and September 1960, 
is now the legal basis for censuses of agriculture and other cen- 
suses, and surveys conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Sec- 
tion 142, paragraph (a), of Title 13 makes provision for the 
Census of Agriculture. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall, beginning in the month of October 
1959, and in the same month of every fifth year thereafter, take 
a census of agriculture, provided that the censuses directed to 
be taken in October 1959 and each tenth year thereafter, may, 
when and where deemed advisable by the Secretary, be taken 
instead in conjunction with the censuses provided in section 
141 of this title." (Section 141 relates to the decennial cen- 
suses of population, unemployment, and housing to be taken 
as of the first day of April of each decennial year.) Under 
authority granted by Section 4 of Title 13, the Secretary of 
Commerce delegated "the functions and duties imposed upon 
him by this title" to the Director of the Bureau of the Census. 

Pretest of the 1959 Census.— A "pretest" of the field procedures 
of the 1959 Census of Agriculture was conducted in 17 counties 
of the United States during the fall of 1958. The purpose of the 
pretest was to provide the Bureau with a measure of the effective- 
ness of the questions and procedures planned for the 1959 
nationwide census. Three versions of the agriculture question- 
naire — the first one for Northern States, the second for Southern 
States, and the third for Western States — were used in the pre- 
test. Each version contained questions appropriate to the type 
of agriculture in the part of the country where it was used. All 
major aspects of field forms and procedures, from the hiring and 
training of crew leaders and enumerators to actual interviews 
with farm operators, were given a "trial run" in each of the 17 
counties. Preliminary versions of reporting forms, maps, pay- 
roll records, training guides, and instruction manuals were sub- 
jected to actual use under conditions simulating those expected 
in the nationwide enumeration conducted in the fall of 1959. 

In making final preparations for the 1959 census, the staff of 
the Bureau drew heavily on the results of the pretest, as well as 
on experience gained from previous censuses. 

Training Program for Personnel for Enumeration. — Every per- 
son hired to do work in connection with the 1959 Census of Agri- 
culture received specialized training for his job. Staff mem- 

563128—60 



bers of the Washington and Regional Offices of the Bureau and 
of the U.S. Department of Agriculture trained approximately 110 
agriculture field assistants and 2,100 crew leaders. The crew 
leaders, in turn, trained and supervised approximately 30,000 
enumerators. All training was presented according to procedures 
contained in various guides and manuals prepared by the Bureau. 
The training program included filmstrips, map-reading, practice 
interviewing, and practice filling of questionnaires and other 
census forms. In most instances, training sessions were held 
near the areas in which employees worked and Immediately prior 
to the beginning of their assignments. 

Enumeration Period. — The actual enumeration in the conter- 
minous United States (see page XIV) started at dates varying 
from October 7 to November 18, 1959. In general, starting dates 
were based upon regional variations in harvesting seasons and 
on weather conditions. The primary aim was to have the 
enumeration late enough to follow the harvesting of the bulk 
of important crops and early enough to precede the advent of 
winter weather with the attending unfavorable travel conditions. 
The bulk of the enumeration work was completed within three 
to four weeks after the starting date. In Hawaii, the enumera- 
tion was made during the months of December 1959 and January 
1960 ; and in Alaska, during April 1960. 

Enumeration starting dates for the censuses of 1959 and 1954 
are given in State table 11, together with figures showing the 
percentage of farms enumerated in the State during weekly pe- 
riods. The average enumeration date for the 1959 census for 
each county is given in county table 6. 

Data for inventory items — land in farms, machinery and equip- 
ment, livestock, and poultry— relate to the situation at the actual 
time of enumeration of each individual farm. Data for acres, 
production, and sales of crops relate generally to the crops har- 
vested during the crop year 1959, regardless of whether and when 
they were sold while data for sales of livestock and livestock 
products relate to the calendar year 1959. Since the enumera- 
tion was made before the end of 1959, special emphasis was 
placed upon the inclusion of estimates for crops yet to be sold 
and for livestock and livestock products expected to be sold in 
the period from the time of enumeration to the end of the cal- 
endar year. Instructions on the questionnaire and the wording 
of questions were designed to assure that full crop-year or 
calendar-year data would be reported. For example, "How much 
of this year's crop was or will be sold?" 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization.— Section 5 of Title 13 of the United States Code 
authorizes the preparation of forms and questionnaires used in 
the census. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall prepare schedules, and shall determine 
the inquiries, and the number, form, and subdivisions thereof, 
for the statistics, surveys, and censuses provided for in this 
title." 

The Agriculture Questionnaire. — The questionnaire for the 1959 
Census of Agriculture was prepared by the staff of the Bureau. 
Selection of the inquiries was based on the results of the 1958 
pretest and experience gained in earlier censuses. Careful con- 
sideration was given to such factors as the current availability 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



of data from other sources, the possibility of obtaining data by 
methods other than a census, the adequacy of the data that might 
be obtained, and the need for and usefulness of the data. Two 
committees gave advice and counsel to the Bureau. One of these, 
a Special Advisory Committee, was composed of members desig- 
nated by the organizations they represented, following an invita- 
tion from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to name a 
representative to serve in an advisory capacity. The Special 
Advisory Committee for the 1959 Census of Agriculture was 
made up of one representative from each of the following : Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, American Association of Land- 
Grant Colleges and State Universities, American Farm Bureau 
Federation, American Farm Economic Association, American 
Statistical Association, Farm Equipment Institute, National As- 
sociation of Commissioners, Secretaries, and Directors of Agri- 
culture, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, National 
Farmers' Union, National Grange, Rural Sociological Society, 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A representative of 
the Bureau of the Budget was in attendance at all meetings of 
the Advisory Committet 

Because of the special interest of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture in censuses of agriculture, the Director of the Bureau 
of the Census sought the continuous cooperation of that organiza- 
tion in developing plans, questionnaires, and procedures for the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. Working Groups were established 
in the U.S. Department of Agriculture to make recommendations 
for the following general subjects : 

Tenure, Land Values, and Mortgage Debt 

Land Use and Conservation and Production Practices 

Field Crops 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Forest Products 

Livestock, Poultry, and Dairy 

Income and Expenditure (including Contractual Operations) 

Farm Labor 

Equipment and Facilities (including Structures) 

Each Working Group had the responsibility for ascertaining 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture's need for data in the field 
covered by its "terms of reference" and for presenting recom- 
mendations to a small Joint Committee comprising representa- 
tives of both the Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. The Joint Committee received written recom- 
mendations from each Working Group. The Chairman of each 
Group appeared before the Joint Committee as did any member 
of the Working Group who was needed to present supplemental 
information of a specialized nature. 

Prior to the formulation of the questionnaire, State Agricul- 
tural Colleges and other major users of census data were invited 
to suggest inquiries for the enumeration. Each member of the 
Special Advisory Committee had the opportunity and the respon- 
sibility for channeling in suggestions from the organization he 
represented. The uumber of inquiries submitted from all sources 
greatly exceeded the number that could be included in the census, 
from the point of view of cost, of the respondent's time and 
patience, and of practical value to the majority of users of data. 

The final selection included 316 questions, some of which con- 
sisted of several parts, for the 48 States comprising the con- 
terminous United States. Although each of the 316 questions 
was asked in one or more of the 48 States, considerably less than 
this total was asked in any one State because of the use of "State" 
questionnaires. Moreover, about 50 questions out of the total 
were asked of approximately one-fifth of all farm operators in 
the State. The number of questions ranged from 159 on the 
questionnaire for Maine to 194 on the questionnaire for Cali- 
fornia. In all, 38 versions of the questionnaire — one for each 
State or combination of adjoining States and two for Texas — 



were used for the 1959 census in the conterminous United States 
as compared with 21 versions in 1954 and 41 in 1950. A separate 
version was used in Alaska and another in Hawaii. 

Differences in the questionnaires were designed to account 
for regional and local differences in agriculture. Most, but not 
all, of the differences related to crops. The use of State ques- 
tionnaires made possible the inclusion of separate inquiries for 
all important crops grown within a State and, at the same 
time, a reduction in the total number of inquiries for a State. 
Questions that did not apply, to any considerable degree, to a 
particular State were omitted from the questionnaire used in 
that State. For example, separate questions about citrus fruits 
were omitted from all questionnaires except for the few States 
where citrus fruits are grown. An added advantage of State 
questionnaires was that production and sales data could be asked 
in the unit of measure most commonly used by the farmers in 
each State. Regional variation in the number and type of ques- 
tions is an important provision of the census for obtaining com- 
plete coverage of agncultural operations. 

About 2 weeks before the start of the enumeration, agricul- 
ture questionnaires were mailed to most households in rural 
areas. A letter was attached to each questionnaire asking the 
farm operator to fill the questionnaire and to give it to the enu- 
merator when he called. The purpose of this procedure was 
to save time and money in taking the census and to improve the 
quality of the information given by farm operators. By having 
the questionnaire ahead of time, the farmer could determine what 
information would be required and could check his records in 
advance of the enumerator's visit. It was, however, the respon- 
sibility of the enumerator to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each place which qualified. If the questionnaire had been filled 
out by the farm operator, the enumerator was instructed to 
examine the questionnaire for completeness and accuracy and, 
if need be, to give the farmer such help as might be necessary. 

Agricultural Operations. — The training of enumerators stressed 
the concept that a census of agriculture is a census of agricultural 
operations rather than a census of farms. This concept was in- 
tended to assure a complete agricultural census free of any per- 
sonal judgment by enumerators as to what constitutes a farm. In 
accordance with clearly defined procedures, an enumerator was 
required to obtain an agriculture questionnaire for each person 
who had charge of one or more agricultural operations, whether 
or not he considered himself to be a farm operator. For enu- 
meration purposes, it was considered that there were agricul- 
tural operations on a place if, at any time in 1959 — 

a. Any livestock (hogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, or mules) 
were kept on the place. 

b. A combined total of 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and ducks 
were kept on the place. 

c. Any grain, hay, tobacco, or other field crops were grown on 
the place. 

d. A combined total of 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and 
nut trees were on the place. 

e. Any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
were grown on the place for sale. 

As a result of the requirement that all places having agri- 
cultural operations be enumerated, more questionnaires were 
obtained than are included in the tabulations for farms. During 
the office processing operations that followed the completion of 
enumeration, criteria were applied to the questionnaires to sort 
out for tabulation those that represented farms according to 
the census definition of a farm (see page XIV). 

Enumeration Assignments and Enumeration Districts. — To as- 
sure a complete enumeration within the time allotted, the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) was divided into 29,374 
Enumeration Assignments, or EA's. Each EA comprised an 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



area that one enumerator could reasonably be expected to canvass 
within a 3- to 4-week period, as indicated by performance rec- 
ords from the 1054 census. 

Each EA was made up of one or more Enumeration Dis- 
tricts, or "ED's," as the geographic unit for enumeration. Prior 
to the enumeration, the ED's were classified into three groups 
on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the number 
of farms, as indicated by the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the 
1950 Census of Population and Housing, current population esti- 
mates, and highway maps showing culture which were basic 
to establishing the boundaries of each assignment. Through the 
use of different canvassing procedures for each group of ED's, 
the Bureau was able to reduce the cost of enumeration without 
running any material risk of missing any farms or other places 
with agricultural operations. The ED groupings and canvassing 
procedures are described below. 

Group I Enumeration Districts.— In general, ED's with no 
well-defined cluster of dwellings were considered to be open- 
country areas and comprise Group I. For each ED of Group 
I, in his Enumeration Assignment, the enumerator was required 
to list in his Record Book the name of every head of household 
living in the ED and also the name of every person not living 
in the ED who had agricultural operations there. There were 
approximately 20,751 ED's in Group I for the 1959 Census. 

Group II Enumeration Districts. — Rural ED's in which the 
number of dwellings was large in relation to the number of 
farms were considered to be in Group II. For each ED, in 
Group II, the enumerator was required to list the head of the 
household for all dwellings in the ED except for those on less 
than one acre of ground in built-up residential areas of 50 or 
more dwellings. He was also required to determine, by obser- 
vation or local inquiry, whether there were any farms or other 
places with agricultural operations in the built-up areas and, 
if so, to obtain an agriculture questionnaire. There were 
approximately 7,979 ED's in Group II. 

Group III Enumeration Districts. — Most incorporated places 
and unincorporated villages having approximately 150 or more 
dwellings were designated as separate ED's and are classified 
as Group III. Also, most ED's in counties around large metro- 
politan areas were designated as Group III Ed's. Prior to 
the 1959 Census of Agriculture, places enumerated in these 
areas during the 1954 Census of Agriculture were listed in 
the Enumerator's Record Book. The enumerator was required 
to visit aud enumerate or otherwise account for each place listed 
in his Record Book. In addition, he was instructed to ask at 
each of these places if there were any farms or other places with 
agricultural operations in the Enumeration District, and, if so, 
to add them to his list and enumerate them. There were ap- 
proximately 15,836 Group III ED's in 1959. According to the 
1954 Census, these ED's contained 380,575 farms. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised incorporated 
places or that were within an incorporated city were classified 
as Group I or Group II because they had a large number of farms. 
A few others, comprising extensive rural districts requiring con- 
siderable travel, were classified as Group III because they had 
only a small number of farms. 

Enumerator's Record Book. — Each enumerator received one or 
more Record Books containing a listing form for use during 
canvassing. (See appendix for facsimile of one page of list- 
ing form included in Enumerator's Record Book.) The lines 
on the listing form were numbered in consecutive order. Ex- 
cept as otherwise prescribed for Group II and Group III ED's, 
the enumerator listed in his Record Book the name of each head 
of household living in his assigned area and also the name 
of each person not living in his area who had agricultural opera- 
tions there. As he made his listing, he also asked the questions 
about agricultural operations that were printed ori the listing 
form. Answers to these questions determined, for the enumerator, 
whether or not an agriculture questionnaire was required for the 
person listed and, if so, whether he or some other enumerator 
was responsible for getting it. Thus, the Record Book served 
as an important aid to the enumerator in securing complete cov- 
erage of all agricultural operations within his area. At the same 



time, it helped to prevent enumeration of the same place by two 
or more enumerators. 

Enumeration Haps. — As a second aid to getting complete cover- 
age, each enumerator received a map or, in a few exceptional 
cases, a brief written description of the area assigned to him 
for enumeration. He was required to plan and follow an orderly 
route of enumeration within the boundaries of his assigned area 
in accordance with established canvassing procedures. As the 
enumerator listed a place in his Record Book, he indicated its 
location by copying onto his map the number of the line on which 
he listed it. This numbering system indicated the enumerator's 
route of travel, and helped both the enumerator and his crew 
leader to determine the extent of coverage of the enumerator's 
assignment at any given time. 

Lists of Special and Large Farms. — Prior to the enumeration, a 
card list of "special and large farms" was prepared on the basis 
of records obtained from the 1954 census and from Federal and 
State agricultural agencies. In general, "special and large farms" 
fell into one of three categories: (1) farms having unusually 
large acreages, livestock inventories, or annual sales as indi- 
cated by available records; (2) farms known to be specializing 
in such operations as broiler production, turkey growing, feed 
lots, nursery or greenhouse production, cranberry bogs, citrus 
groves, etc.; (3) farms that might easily be overlooked because 
they had absentee operators or were not locally thought of as 
farms, such as institutions, Indian reservations, grazing associa- 
tions, etc. 

Enumerators were given the cards for the special and large 
farms within their assignment areas to use as aids to obtaining 
complete coverage. Generally, the cards provided insurance 
against the omission of farming units that could have a signifi- 
cant effect on the totals for a given county or State. The enu- 
merator was instructed to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each special or large farm in his area or to write an explana- 
tion on the card as to why an agriculture questionnaire was not 
required on the basis of 1959 operations. The crew leader had 
a duplicate set of cards for use in checking enumeration coverage. 

Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire. — As in several previous cen- 
suses, a special landlord-tenant questionnaire was used in some 
parts of the South as a supplement to the agriculture question- 
naire. Its purpose was to help the enumerator get complete 
and accurate coverage of individually operated tracts of land 
that were actually part of one operating unit under the control 
of one landlord. To accomplish this purpose, the enumerator was 
required to fill a landlord-tenant questionnaire for each landlord 
who had any land worked on shares. The entries made in this 
questionnaire included the name of each sharecropper, tenant, or 
renter ; the amount of land assigned to each ; and the acreage and 
quantity of crops harvested on shares. By checking these entries 
against the agriculture questionnaires obtained for the individual 
operators, the enumerator and the Central Office could verify that 
each part of the operating unit controlled by the landlord was 
enumerated and that it was enumerated only once. The landlord- 
tenant questionnaire was used in 386 counties In the 1959 census 
as compared with approximately 900 counties in 1954. 

Township Sketch Map. — In some areas of the Great Plains, a 
considerable portion of land is farmed by nonresident operators — 
that is, by persons who do not live on the land they operate or 
who live on'it only during part of the year. Enumerators in these 
areas used a special mapping form, the Township Sketch, in 
addition to their enumeration maps as an aid to obtaining com- 
plete coverage. Each township included on the sketch was 
identified by township and range number and was divided into 
144 small squarea In a standard section of 640 acres, each 
square represented a quarter section of land, or 160 acres. As 
the enumerator canvassed his assignment area, he indicated the 
acreage and location of each farm, ranch, and tract of nonfarm 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



land by drawing its boundaries on the sketch. He also used a 
simple numbering system as a cross reference between the agri- 
cultural land identified on the sketch and the questionnaire on 
which it was reported. The Township Sketch was used in all 
counties of North Dakota and South Dakota and in selected 
counties of Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 

Field Review of Enumerator's Work.— In the 1959 census, 
greater emphasis was placed on a detailed review of enumerators' 
work during enumeration than had been the case in previous 
censuses. The objective was to detect and correct enumeration 
errors as early as possible in order to achieve and maintain a 
high quality of individual performance. Starting on the first day 
of enumeration and continuing throughout the enumeration 
period, each crew leader was instructed to make regular and 
frequent visits to his enumerators. At each visit, he was to 
follow a clearly defined procedure for observing the enumerator's 
conduct of interviews and for checking his listings, maps, ques- 
tionnaires, and other forms for accuracy and completeness. 

As an aid to checking coverage and enumerator efficiency, the 
crew leader was given a list containing estimates, based on the 
1954 census, of the number of questionnaires required in each 
enumeration assignment area within his district, and of the 
mileage and time required to obtain those questionnaires. 

SAMPLING 

Use of Sampling.— In the 1959 census, as in several previous 
censuses, sampling was used in two ways : for enumeration and 
for tabulation. Sampling in enumeration consisted of the col- 
lection of information about the items included in sections IX 
through XV of the questionnaire for only a sample of farms. 
The "sample" items relate to sales of dairy products and sales of 
livestock, use of fertilizer and lime, farm expenditures, land-use 
practices, farm labor, equipment and facilities, rental agreements, 
farm values, and farm mortgage debt. The same sample of farms 
was used for tabulations by type of farm and by economic class 
of farm and for many of those by size of farm and by color and 
tenure of operator. 

Description of the Sample. — The sample used for the 1959 Census 
of Agriculture consisted of all farms with a total area of 1,000 
or more acres or with estimated sales of $100,000 or more in 1959, 
and approximately 20 percent of all other farms. Farms with 
1,000 or more acres were universally included in the sample 
during enumeration. As the enumerator filled the questionnaire, 
he determined the number of "acres in this place" (see question 7 
of the agriculture questionnaire). If the acreage amounted to 
1,000 or more he was required to fill sections IX through XV of 
the questionnaire. Farms with less than 1,000 acres, with esti- 
mated sales of $100,000 or more, were included in the sample 
during the office processing. For these farms the information for 
sections IX through XV was obtained by mail. 

The selection of farms of less than 1,000 acres for inclusion in 
the sample was made during enumeration, according to the fol- 
lowing procedure: As the enumerator determined that he was 
required to obtain a questionnaire, he assigned a number to It, 
whether or not he was able to obtain the questionnaire on his 
first visit. He assigned numbers in consecutive order, beginning 
with "1" for the first questionnaire required in each enumera- 
tion district within his area. He was instructed to fill sections 
IX through XV on all questionnaires for which the assigned 
number ended in "2" or "7" (i.e. 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, etc.). 

Adjustment of the Sample. — An adjustment in the part of the 
sample that was comprised of farms of less than 1,000 acres and 
with estimated sales of less than $100,000 was made by a process 
essentially equivalent to stratifying the farms in the sample by 



size of farm. The purpose of this adjustment was to improve 
the reliability of the estimates based on the sample and to reduce 
the effects of possible biases introduced by enumerators who de- 
viated from the prescribed procedure for selecting the sample 
farms. The adjustment procedure was carried out for "blocks" 
of counties, each consisting of from one to ten counties In a State. 
To adjust the sample, separate counts were made for each county, 
and for the block of counties of all farms and of farms in the 
sample for each of 10 size-of-farm groups based on the "acres 
in this place" (question 7). The 10 size-of-farm groups were as 
follows : under 10 acres, 10 to 49 acres, 50 to 69 acres, 70 to 99 
acres, 100 to 139 acres, 140 to 179 acres, ISO to 219 acres, 220 
to 259 acres, 260 to 499 acres, and 500 to 999 acres. Farms of less 
than 1,000 acres, but with value of sales of $100,000 or more, 
were excluded from these counts. For each size-of-farm group, 
the number of farms in the sample for the block of counties was 
adjusted to make it equal or approximately equal to the total 
number of farms divided by five. This was accomplished for 
each group by the elimination or duplication on a random basis, 
of farms in those counties where the difference between the 
actual proportion in the sample and the expected 20 percent was 
in the same direction as the difference for the block of counties. 

Estimation of Totals for the Sample. — For the items included 
in the sample part of the questionnaire (sections IX through 
XV), estimated totals for all farms were derived from the tabu- 
lated totals for the farms in the adjusted sample. First, ltem-by- 
item totals, as tabulated for that part of the sample comprising 
farms of less than 1,000 acres and with estimated sales of less 
than $100,000, were multiplied by 5. These estimated item-by- 
item totals were then added to the corresponding item totals, as 
tabulated, for all farms of 1,000 acres and over and farms with 
estimated sales of $100,000 and over. The resulting values 
represent the estimated totals for all farms. 

Presentation of Sample Data. — In tables where a small amount 
of data based on the sample farms is presented together with 
data for all farms, the data based on the sample are printed in 
italics. Other tables contain headnotes explaining that most 
of the data are estimates based on reports for only a sample 
of farms. 

Reliability of Estimates. — The estimated totals for all farms of 
the items enumerated for only the sample farms are subject 
to sampling errors. The estimated totals obtained by making 
tabulations for only the farms included in the sample are also 
subject to sampling errors. State tables 23 and 24 contain ap- 
proximate measures of the sampling reliability of the estimates 
for numbers of farms reporting and for item totals. While these 
measures Indicate the general level of sampling reliability of the 
estimates, they do not completely reflect errors arising from 
sources other than sampling ; for example, errors in the original 
data reported by farmers. Errors arising from sources other than 
sampling may, in some instances, be relatively more important 
than sampling variation, especially for county totals. 

The general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals 
may be determined from the data in State tables 23 and 24. State 
table 24 contains a list of items, together with a figure for each 
item indicating one of the four levels of sampling reliability that 
are presented in State table 23. For each item the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be de- 
termined from State table 23, in the column for the level of 
sampling reliability designated in State table 24. To determine 
the sampling reliability for any Item, reference must be made to 
State table 24 to find out which of the four levels of sampling 
reliability given In State table 23 should be used, and also the 
appropriate county or State table to obtain the number of farms 
reporting the item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



As explained in State table 23, the level of sampling reliability 
designated as level 1 should always be used to determine the 
sampling reliability of estimated numbers of farms or of farms 
reporting. 

State table 23 shows percentage limits such that chances are 
about 68 out of 100 that the difference between an estimate based 
on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained from 
a tabulation of all farms would be no more than the percentage 
specified for the estimated number of farms reporting that item. 
The chances are about 99 out of 100 that the difference would be 
less than 2% times the percentage specified. 

As indicated by the percentages in State table 23, the smaller 
the number of farms reporting a given item, the larger the relative 
sampling error in the estimated total for that item. Even so, 
considerable detail is presented for each item, by several classifi- 
cations of farms, in order to permit the appraisal of estimates 
for various combinations of items not shown in this report. Per- 
centages and averages that may be derived from the tables will 
generally have greater relative reliability than the corresponding 
estimated totals. However, significant patterns of relationships 
may be observed in the estimated totals even though the indi- 
vidual data are subject to relatively large sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample of farms 
for the 1954 census were obtained in essentially the same way as 
in 1959. Therefore, State tables 23 and 24 may also be used to 
determine the sampling errors for the 1954 data. 

Differences in Data Resulting From Differences in Tabulating 
Procedures. — Many of the figures in the detailed State tables rep- 
resent estimates obtained by tabulating only the sample farms. 
The totals for these detailed distributions will generally differ 
somewhat from totals presented in other tables obtained from 
different distributions which were tabulated on a 100 percent 
basis. Moreover, although most of the figures presented by coun- 
ties were obtained from tabulations of all farms, the data in 
county table 4 for commercial farms, and all of the data in the 
county tables on dairy products and livestock sold, fertilizer and 
lime, farm expenditures, land-use practices, farm labor, facilities 
and equipment, and value of land and buildings were estimated 
for each county on the basis of data tabulated for the farms in 
the sample. The State totals in the county tables for these items, 
though based also on the sample, were obtained in a different 
series of tabulating runs, and so may differ slightly from totals 
presented in some State tables. For reasons of economy the 
sample distributions were not adjusted to the 100 percent totals 
even when such totals were available, nor were slight discrepan- 
cies resulting from different runs of the sample data always rec- 
onciled unless the differences were large enough to affect the 
usefulness or reliability of the data. 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of Enumeration. — As an enumerator completed his 
assignment, he turned the portfolio containing questionnaires and 
other census materials over to his crew leader. After making 
a final review of the enumerator's work, the crew leader mailed 
the portfolio to the Agriculture Processing Office at Parsons, 
Kansas. There, each enumerator portfolio was thoroughly 
checked for completeness of all required forms and for correct 
application of the sampling procedure. 

Editing of Questionnaires. — Each agriculture questionnaire was 
individually edited and coded before the information was trans- 
ferred to punch cards and tabulated. As the first major step in 
the editing process, questionnaires that did not represent farms 
according to the census definition were withdrawn from fur- 



ther processing. (See p. XIV.) As the second major step, the 
remaining questionnaires were examined for errors, omissions, 
and inconsistencies. Among the specific items subjected to con- 
sistency checks were the following : 

a. Total acreage compared with its distribution by use. 

b. Acreage of individual crops harvested compared with total 
cropland harvested. 

c. Irrigated acreage compared with total acres in the farm. 

d. Total acreage of individual crops for all purposes compared 
with the acreage harvested for specific purposes. 

e. Quantity of crops harvested in relation to acreage harvested. 

f. Sales in relation to production and, for livestock, to inven- 
tories. 

g. Total livestock compared with the inventory by age and sex. 
h. Expenditures compared with production and inventories. 

Obvious errors in calculations or in units of measure, and 
misplaced entries were corrected as they were found. Entries 
not clearly legible were rewritten. Many omissions or incon- 
sistencies were disregarded during editing. Those of significant 
magnitude could be and were handled more efficiently and eco- 
nomically during mechanical processing operations. Question- 
naires containing major inconsistencies and omissions were re- 
ferred to members of the technical staff for review. Depending 
on the magnitude of the data involved, the technical staff cor- 
rected (or supervised the correction of) the questionnaires either 
on the basis of information reported for other farms of similar 
type in the area or on the basis of additional information re- 
ceived in response to letters directed to the farm operators. 

Coding of Questionnaires. — Most of the numerical information 
on a questionnaire was self-coding in that the inquiry number 
was utilized for the item identification on punch cards or on 
tabulations runs. However, some manual coding was also neces- 
sary for such items as irrigated crops for selected States, crops 
infrequently reported, miscellaneous poultry, etc. Code numbers 
were entered on questionnaires to classify farms and, in some 
cases, to identify data for individual items. All farms were coded 
by size of farm in terms of total acreage, by race, and by tenure 
of operator. Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, and 
Hawaii were also coded on the basis of irrigated cropland and 
irrigated pasture. Additional codes were applied to all farms 
included in the sample to classify them by type of farm and by 
total value of agricultural products sold. Individual items were 
coded only where reports were received for crops or poultry not 
covered by separate inquiries on the questionnaire. This coding 
was necessary to assure inclusion of the data in the appropriate 
farm product totals. 

Tabulation of Data. — After the questionnaires were edited and 
coded, the information on them was punched on cards. The cards 
were then mechanically sorted and fed into machines which 
transferred the data to tabulation sheets. One of the initial 
and primary steps in the machine handling of the punch cards 
was to separate and list those cards which lacked necessary in- 
formation, those which contained inconsistent or impossible data, 
and those on which the data were possible but of such magnitude 
that a further review of the individual questionnaires was war- 
ranted. The listing sheets were examined and, as necessary, the 
cards were corrected. When the cards for a particular county 
were considered satisfactory, the data were tabulated. 

Subject-matter specialists of the Bureau and the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture examined all tabulations for reasonableness 
and consistency. As necessary, they made corrections on the basis 
of a further review and reappraisal of the original reports and 
verification of the editing, coding, and punching. 



XIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical Content of This Report. — This report is part of Vol- 
ume I of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. Volume I consists of 
54 parts, each part containing information about agriculture for 
a single State, Commonwealth, or Possession. Each part con- 
tains county data for that particular State or area. The term 
"county," as used in this report embraces election districts in 
Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, municipios (municipalities) in 
Puerto Rico, etc. The statistics for 1959 were obtained from the 
Census of Agriculture taken in the "conterminous United States" 
(see following paragraph), Hawaii, and Puerto Rico during the 
period October 1959 to January 1960 and in Alaska, American 
Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands as of April 1, 1960. Compara- 
tive data for years prior to 1959 were obtained from earlier 
censuses. 

In the planning of the publications for the 1960 Censuses of 
Population and Housing and the 1959 Census of Agriculture, the 
term "conterminous United States," recommended by the Board 
of Geographic Names to designate the 48-State area as it ex- 
isted before Alaska and Hawaii became States, was adopted by 
the Bureau of the Census. 

The definitions and explanations in this introduction for vol- 
ume I generally have application broad enough to include the 
States of Alaska and Hawaii, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico and the island possessions. However, specific application 
in many instances may be limited to the conterminous United 
States; for example, references to earlier censuses, to the sam- 
pling methods and procedures, to specific sections or questions on 
the questionnaires, and to specific table numbers. 

For each part of volume I (one part for each State or area), 
a facsimile of the appropriate questionnaire is reproduced in 
the appendix. 

The statistics for States and counties are presented according 
to the same general plan as was followed in the volume I re- 
ports for the 1954 and the 1950 censuses. State and county totals 
are given for nearly all items for which information was ob- 
tained in the 1959 census. However, most of the data by eco- 
nomic class of farm, type of farm, and color and tenure of farm 
operator are given only for States. 

Comparative data for the States are given for each census 
year beginning with 1920. Comparative data for counties are 
given for the years 1959 and 1954. For some items, the data 
obtained from the 1959 census are the only ones available. For 
comparative purposes 1950 data are carried in county table 6 
for the kind of road on which farms were located. 

Comparability of Data. — The data obtained from the various 
censuses of agriculture are not strictly comparable for all items. 
For example, differences from one census to another in the time 
of enumeration, the wording of the questions, and the definition 
of a farm cause some lack of comparability. Differences con- 
sidered to have a significant effect on the comparability of data 
are described in the text and/or mentioned in footnotes to the 
tables. 

Minor Civil Divisions. — As in prior censuses, data for most of 
the items included in the 1959 Census of Agriculture were tabu- 
lated for minor civil divisions. The term "minor civil division" 
applies to the primary subdivision of a county into smaller geo- 
graphic areas such as townships, precincts, districts, wards, 
beats, municipalities, etc. Figures for these smaller geographic 
areas an not included in any of the published reports, but they 
may be supplied upon request and payment of the costs of com- 
piling and checking the data. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration assignment did not 
include more than one minor civil division, even in cases where 
the township, precinct, etc., did not have enough farms to provide 
a full workload for an enumerator. In 1954, and again in 1959, 



the aim was to make enumeration assignments large enough to 
keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 3- to 4-week 
period. Hence, in some areas, two or more adjoining minor civil 
divisions were combined into one enumeration assignment. An 
enumeration assignment never comprised the whole of one minor 
civil division and a part of another, nor a part of two or more 
minor civil divisions. A minor civil division that included too 
many farms for one enumerator to cover during the enumeration 
period was divided into two or more enumeration assignments. 

In some cases, the minor civil division tabulations provide totals 
for a single minor civil division, even when such totals required 
a grouping of enumeration assignments. In other cases, the minor 
civil division tabulations provide totals for a combination of 
two or more adjoining minor civil divisions. The data for each 
individual minor civil division included in such totals can be tab- 
ulated separately, however, since each questionnaire obtained in 
the census contains the designation of the minor civil division in 
which the farm headquarters was located. An additional charge 
must be made for a separate tabulation of any small area in- 
cluded in a total for two or more combined minor civil divisions. 

Requests for census information for minor civil divisions should 
be directed to the Agriculture Division, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D.C. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive Summary and References. — The definitions and ex- 
planations that follow relate only to those items that are con- 
sidered to be inadequately described in the tables where they 
appear. Although the descriptive terms and explanations refer 
specifically to the 1959 Census of Agriculture, many of them also 
apply to earlier censuses. Most of the definitions consist of a 
r£sum6 of the questionnaire wording, supplemented by excerpts 
from instructions given to enumerators. For exact wording of 
the questions and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, see the facsimile of the 1959 Agriculture Questionnaire in 
the appendix of this report. 

An analysis of the questions asked in the 1959 census, and of 
the data obtained, is given in Volume II, General Report, Statis- 
tics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. The 
general report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Census Definition of a Farm. — For the 1959 Census of Agricul- 
ture, the definition of a farm was based primarily on a combina- 
tion of "acres in the place" and the estimated value of agricultural 
products sold. 

The word "place" was defined to include all land on which 
agricultural operations were conducted at any time in 1959 under 
the control or supervision of one person or partnership. (For 
definition of "agricultural operations", see p. X.) Control may 
have been exercised through ownership or management, or 
through a lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

Places of less than 10 acres in 1959 were counted as farms if 
the estimated sales of agricultural products for the year amounted 
to at least $250. Places of 10 or more acres in 1959 were counted 
as farms if the estimated sales of agricultural products for the 
year amounted to at least $50. Places having less than the $50 
or $250 minimum estimated sales in 1959 were also counted as 
farms if they could normally be expected to produce agricultural 
products in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of the 
definition. This additional qualification resulted in the inclusion 
as farms of some places engaged in farming operations for the 
first time in 1959 and places affected by crop failure or other 
unusual conditions. 

To avoid biases arising from an enumerator's personal judg- 
ment and opinion, the Bureau did not give enumerators the defini- 



INTRODUCTION 



XV 



tion of a farm. Instead, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
questionnaires for all places considered farms by their operators 
and for all other places that had one or more agricultural opera- 
tions. (See "Agricultural Operations", p. X.) In 1954, enumer- 
ators were instructed to fill questionnaires on the same basis as 
in 1959. In 1950, agricultural operations were defined to include 
every place of 3 or more acres, whether or not the operator con- 
sidered it a farm, and every place having "specialized operations", 
regardless of the acreage. "Specialized operations" referred to 
nurseries and greenhouses and to places having 100 or more 
poultry, production of 300 or more dozen eggs in 1949, or 3 or 
more hives of bees. In all of the three last censuses, as a result, 
questionnaires were filled for a considerable number of places 
that did not qualify as farms. The determination as to which 
questionnaires represented farms was made during office process- 
ing operations and only those questionnaires meeting the criteria 
for a farm were included in the tabulations. 

For both the 1950 and 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, places of 
3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of 
agricultural products, whether for home use or for sale but ex- 
clusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only If the 
annual sales of agricultural products amounted to $150 or more. 
A few places with very low agricultural production because of 
unusual circumstances, such as crop failure, were also counted as 
farms if they normally could have been expected to meet the 
minimum value or sales criteria. 

In the censuses from 1925 to 1945, enumerators were given a 
definition of "farm" and were instructed to obtain reports only 
for those places which met the criteria. According to this defini- 
tion, farms included all places of 3 or more acres, regardless of 
the quantity or value of agricultural production, and places of 
less than 3 acres if the value of agricultural products, whether 
for home use or for sale, amounted to $250 or more. Because of 
changes in price level, the $250 minimum resulted in the in- 
clusion of varying numbers of farms of less than 3 acres in the 
several censuses taken during this period. Generally, the only 
reports excluded from tabulation were those taken in error and 
those showing very limited agricultural production, such as only 
a small home garden, a few fruit trees, a small flock of chickens, 
etc. In 1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more were tabulated 
only if at least 3 acres were in cropland and/or pasture or if the 
value of products in 1944 amounted to at least $150. 

The decrease in the number of farms in 1950 and 1954, as com- 
pared with earlier censuses, was partly due to the change in 
farm definition, especially with respect to farms of 3 or more 
acres in size. Some of the places of 3 or more acres that were 
not counted as farms in 1950 and 1954 because the value of their 
agricultural production was less than $150 would have qualified 
as farms if the criteria had been the same as in earlier censuses. 

For 1959, the decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with all prior censuses resulted partly from the change in farm 
definition. The fact that sales of agricultural products in 1959 
was used resulted in the exclusion of some places that would 
have qualified as farms had the value of agricultural products 
alone been considered. The increase in the acreage minimum 
also had an effect. The reduction in the number of farms due 
to change in definition, 1954 to 1959, is shown for each county 
in county table 1. Some characteristics of the places not counted 
as farms in 1959, but which would have been included in 1954, 
are shown in State table 10. 

The change in farm definition made in 1950 and again in 1959 
had no appreciable effect on the totals for livestock or crops 
because the places affected by the change ordinarily accounted 
for less than 1 percent of the totals for a given county or State. 

For the States that comprise the conterminous United States, 
two figures are published for each county on the number of farms 



in 1959. One is an actual count of all farms and the other is an 
estimate based on the number of farms included in the sample. 
For almost every county there is a difference between the actual 
number of farms and the estimated number of farms. Because 
of sampling procedure and sampling variability, the number of 
farms in the sample seldom agrees exactly with the actual num- 
ber of farms. For most counties, the actual number of farms 
in the sample was either more or less than precisely 20 percent 
of all farms. Similarly, totals estimated on the basis of data 
for the sample farms may be slightly more or slightly less than 
the actual totals that would have been obtained had the data 
been tabulated for all farms. Therefore, the estimated number 
of farms reporting certain items may, in some instances, be 
greater than the total number of farms shown in county table 1. 
However, the estimated number of farms is given in county 
tables 5 and 6 so that estimates based on the sample farms may 
be related to the estimated rather than the actual number of 
farms. 

Farm Operator. — The term "farm operator" is used to designate 
a person who operates a farm, either doing the work himself or 
directly supervising the work. He may be the owner, a member of 
the owner's household, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land worked on 
shares by others, he is considered as operator only of the land 
which he retains for his own operation. In the case of a partner- 
ship, only one partner is counted as an operator. The number of 
farm operators is considered to be the same as the number of 
farms. 

Farms Reporting or Operators Reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or operators, for which the speci- 
fied item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 farms 
in a county and only 1,465 had chickens 4 months old and over 
on hand at the time of enumeration, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be shown as 1,465. The difference be- 
tween the total number of farms and the number of farms re- 
porting a particular item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided a correct report was received for all 
farms. 

Where applicable, figures may be given for the number of farms 
or operators not reporting items that were intended to be ob- 
tained for all farms; for example, residence of farm operator, 
State table 4. The number not reporting, as compared with the 
total number of farms or operators, indicates the extent of 
incompleteness of the reporting of the data for the item. 

Land Area.— The approximate total land area of States and 
counties as reported for 1959 is, in general, the same as that re- 
ported for all censuses beginning with 1940. Such differences as 
are shown reflect political changes in boundaries or actual changes 
in land area caused by changes in the number or size of reser- 
voirs, lakes, streams, etc. For Alaska, the areas for election 
districts represent the gross area of land and water. 

Land in Farms. — Except for managed farms, the land to be in- 
eluded in each farm was determined from the answers to ques- 
tions about the number of acres owned, the number of acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and the number of 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres 
owned and the acres rented from others or worked on shares for 
others were first added together and then the acres rented to 
others or worked on shares by others were subt'icted. The re- 
sult represented the number of acres in the farm. The number of 
acres in a managed farm was the difference between the total 
land managed and that part of the managed land that was rented 
to others or worked on shares by others. 

In the 1959, 1954, and 1950 censuses, enumerators were in- 
structed to record total figures for land owned, land rented from 
others, and land managed for others, including any part of the 
land that was rented to others. In censuses prior to 1950, enu- 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



merators were instructed to exclude all land rented to others and 
to record only that portion of the acreage owned, rented from 
others, or managed for others that was retained by the farm op- 
erator. Thus, the figures for the individual tenures of land are 
not entirely comparable for all censuses. However, the land in- 
cluded in each farm was determined on essentially the same basis 
for all censuses. 

The acreage designated in the tables as "land in farms" consists 
primarily of "agricultural" land— that is, land used for crops 
and pasture or grazing. It also includes considerable areas of 
land not actually under cultivation nor used for pasture or graz- 
ing. For example, the entire acreage of woodland and wasteland 
owned or rented by farm operators is included as land in farms, 
unless it was being held for nonagricultural purposes or unless 
the acreage was unusually large. For 1959 and 1954, if a place 
had 1,000 or more acres of woodland not pastured and wasteland, 
and if less than 10 percent of the total acreage in the place was 
used for agricultural purposes, the acreage of woodland not pas- 
tured and wasteland was reduced to equal the acreage used for 
agriculture. The procedure used in 1950 for excluding unusually 
large acreages of woodland not pastured and wasteland differed 
slightly from the one used in 1959 and 1954. In 1950, adjustments 
were made in places of 1,000 or more acres (5,000 or more in the 
17 Western States ) , if less than 10 percent of the total acreage was 
used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under government 
permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms 
provided the place of which it was a part was a farm. Grazing 
land operated by Grazing Associations was to be reported in the 
name of the person chiefly responsible for conducting the business 
of the Association. Land used rent free was to be reported as 
land rented from others. All land in Indian reservations that 
was used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be in- 
cluded. Land in Indian reservations that was not reported by 
individual Indians and that was not rented to non-Indians was 
to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the 
land. In some instances, an entire Indian reservation was re- 
ported as one farm. 

Land owned. — All land that the operator and/or his wife 
held under title, purchase contract, homestead law, or as heir 
or trustee of an undivided estate at the time of enumeration is 
considered as owned. 

Land Rented from Others. — This item includes not only land 
that the operator rented or leased from others but also land 
he worked on shares for others and land he occupied rent free. 
Grazing land used under government permit or license is not 
included. 

Land Rented to Others. — This item includes all land rented or 
leased to others, except land leased to the government under the 
Soil Bank, and all land worked by others on shares or on a 
rent-free basis. For the most part, the land rented to others 
represents agricultural land but it also includes land rented 
for residential or other purposes. The tenant or sharecropper 
is considered as the operator of land leased, rented, or worked 
on shares even though his landlord may supervise his opera- 
tions. The landlord is considered as operator of only that por- 
tion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land Managed. — This item includes all tracts of land man- 
aged for one or more employers by a person hired on a salary 
basis. A hired manager was considered to be the operator of 
the land he managed since he was responsible for the agricul- 
tural operations on that land and frequently supervised others 
in performing those operations. Managed land was always to 
be reported on a separate questionnaire whether or not the 
manager also operated a farm on his own account. 

Land in Two or More Counties. — An individual farm was al- 
ways enumerated in only one county, even in cases where the 
land was located in two or more counties. If the farm operator 
lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated in the county where 
he lived. If he did not live on the farm, the figures for the 
farm were tabulated for the county where the farm head- 
quarters was located. In cases where there was any question as 
to the location of the headquarters, figures for the farm were 
tabulated for the county where most of the land was located. 



Land in Farms According to Use. — Land in farms has been 
distributed according to the way in which it was used in 1959. 
The land uses described in the following paragraphs are mutually 
exclusive; that is, each acre of land is included only once even 
though it may have had more than one use during the year. 

Cropland Harvested. — This category refers to all land from 
which any crops were harvested in 1959, whether for home use 
or for sale. It includes land from which hay (including wild 
hay) was cut and land in berries and other small fruits, or- 
chards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Matured crops 
hogged off or grazed were considered to have been "crops har- 
vested" and were reported here. Land from which two or 
more crops were harvested in 1959 was to be counted only once 
in the land-use classification. Land used for other purposes 
either before or after the crops were harvested was to be re- 
ported as cropland harvested, without regard to the other uses. 

The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the 
individual crops and subtracting the acreages from which two 
or more crops were harvested. This checking procedure was 
repeated during the office processing of questionnaires for all 
farms having 100 or more acres of cropland harvested. 

Cropland used only for Pasture. — This land-use classification 
includes rotation pasture and all other land used only for pas- 
ture or grazing that the operator considered could have been 
used for crops without additional improvement. Enumerators 
were instructed to include land planted to crops that were 
hogged off, pastured, or grazed before maturity but to exclude 
land pastured before or after hay or other crops were harvested 
from it. Permanent open pasture may have been reported 
either for this item or for "other pasture" depending on whether 
or not the operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last three censuses. For 1945, 
the figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for 1940, 1935, and 1925 are more nearly comparable 
with those for 1959, 1954, and 1950, however, because they in- 
clude land pastured that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating. 

Cropland not Harvested and not Pastured. — This classification 
represents a total of three subclasses for the 17 Western States 
and two subclasses for other States. 

Cultivated Summer Fallow. — This subclass of land is shown 
only for the 17 Western States. It refers to cropland that 
was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for the 1959 
harvest in order to control weeds and conserve moisture. 

Soil Improvement Grasses and Legumes. — For the 1959 cen- 
sus, land used only for cover crops to control erosion or to 
be plowed under for green manure is tabulated separately 
from "other cropland". After the establishment of the Soil 
Bank, land that would normally have been used for other 
purposes was frequently planted to soil-improvement crops. 
In counties where large acreages were placed in the Soil 
Bank, the total of land used for soil-improvement crops plus 
"other cropland" may be considerably larger than the "other 
cropland" shown for previous censuses. 

Other Cropland. — This subclass includes idle cropland, land 
in crops intended for harvest after 1959, and cropland not 
harvested because of complete crop failure, low prices, labor 
shortage, or other reasons. The 1959 figures for "other 
cropland" are not entirely comparable with those for previ- 
ous censuses since they do not include land used only for 
soil-improvement crops. (See preceding paragraph.) 

Woodland Pastured. — This classification includes all wood- 
land where livestock were pastured or grazed in 1959. The 
instruction on the questionnaire — "Include as woodland all 
wood lots and timber tracts ; cutover and deforested land 
which has value for wood products and has not been improved 
for pasture" — represents a somewhat more precise definition 
than the corresponding instruction contained on the 1954 ques- 
tionnaire. No definition of woodland was given in 1950 apart 
from an instruction to enumerators not to include brush pas- 
ture as woodland. Some of the changes in woodland acreages 
from one census to another may merely represent differences 
in interpretation as to what constitutes "woodland." 

Woodland not Pastured. — This classification refers to all 
woodland not used for pasture or grazing in 1959, including 
land in operated farms that was placed in the Soil Bank and 
planted to trees. Unusually large tracts of timberland that 
were reported as woodland not pastured were excluded from 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



the tabulation of land in farms when it was evident that such 
land was held primarily for nonagrieultural purposes. 

Other Pasture. — This classification refers to all land other 
than woodland and cropland that was used only for pasture 
or grazing in 1959. It includes noncrop open or brush pasture 
and cutover or deforested land that has been improved and 
used for pasture. The figures for the last three censuses are 
comparable but those for 1945 include all nonwoodland pas- 
ture that had not been plowed during the preceding seven 
years. For the 1940 census and earlier years, the figures are 
more nearly comparable with those for the last three censuses. 
However, the classification may be somewhat less inclusive 
because land that could have been plowed and used for crops 
without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was classi- 
fied as plowable pasture and included with "cropland used 
only for pasture". 

Improved Pasture. — This subclass refers to that portion of 
"other pasture" on which one or more of the following prac- 
tices had been used : liming, fertilizing, seeding, irrigating, 
draining, or the clearing of weed or brush growth. The fig- 
ures are comparable with those for 1954, when the question 
on improved pasture was asked for the first time. 
Other Land. — This classification refers to all land not in- 
cluded in the preceding land-use classifications, such as house 
lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, land area of ponds, and 
wasteland. This figure for 1959 was obtained from the ma- 
chine tabulations by subtracting the total of all other uses 
from the total land in all farms reported for a given county 
or classification. Hence, there is no figure given to represent 
the farms reporting this item. 

Value of Land and Buildings. — Only average values of land 
and buildings per farm and per acre are presented in this report. 
They are estimates based on data obtained for sample farms. 
Estimates of the total value of land and buildings by States, 
geographic divisions, and the United States, are presented in 
volume II. 

The enumerator was instructed to record the market value of 
the land and the buildings on that land. Market value was defined 
as the price which the farm operator would expect to receive for 
the land and buildings if he were to sell them on the day of 
enumeration. 

More problems and difficulties arise in the enumeration of farm- 
real-estate values than in the enumeration of most other agri- 
cultural items. Most of the items enumerated require the re- 
spondent to make a statement of fact. For example, information 
about the number and value of farm animals sold alive during the 
year is based on actual transactions. Similarly, information about 
livestock inventories relates to the situation existing on a spe- 
cific place at a specific time. Reports concerning the value of 
land and buildings, however, are estimates based almost entirely 
on opinion. The majority of farms have not changed hands for 
many years and are not currently for sale. For such farms, the 
operators are not likely to have any clear basis for estimating the 
value. To make an intelligent and objective estimate, a respond- 
ent first needs to make an estimate of the prevailing average 
market value of farms in his community. Then, he must either 
add to or subtract from that estimate to allow for the different 
characteristics of his own farm. In many cases, an operator who 
would not sell his farm under any circumstances may report an 
unreasonably high market value. In other cases, a farm operator 
who acquired his real estate during a period of relatively low 
prices may estimate an unroalistically low ^alue by current stand- 
ards. Because of the exten: of variation tuat is known to exist 
in real estate values, it is difficult to devise checking procedures 
that will identify inaccurate estimates. 

Age of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was derived 
from the sum of the ages of all farm operators reporting age 
divided by the number reporting. The number of farm operators 
65 or more years of age is an actual count based on the operators 
reporting age. 



Residence of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by resi- 
dence according to whether or not they lived on the farms they 
were operating. Some of those who did not live on the farms 
they operated themselves lived on farms operated by others. In 
cases where all the land was rented from others or worked on 
shares for others, the operator was considered to live on the farm 
operated provided the dwelling he occupied was included in the 
rental agreement. The dwelling, in such cases, was not neces- 
sarily on the land being operated. Similarly, a farm operator 
who did not live on the land being cultivated or grazed but who 
had some agricultural operations (other than a home garden) 
at his dwelling was considered as living on the farm operated. 

Since some farm operators live on their farms only during 
a part of the year, comparability of the figures for various cen- 
suses may be affected by the date of enumeration. 

In a few cases, the enumerator failed to report the residence of 
the farm operator. Differences between the total number of 
farms and the number of farm operators classified by residence 
indicate the extent of under-reporting. 

Year Began Operating Present Farm. — -Enumerators were in- 
structed to report the year during which a farm operator began 
to operate his present farm and, if the year was 1958 or later, 
also to report the month. The year was intended to refer to the 
first year of the period during which the operator had been in 
continuous charge of his present farm or of any part of it. The 
time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began operating their farms, as shown by a monthly breakdown 
of the reports for farmers who began operating their present 
farms during 1958 and 1959. 

Off-Farm Work and Other Income. — To obtain a measure of the 
extent to which farm operators rely on nonfarm sources for part 
of their income, four questions were asked of all farm operators. 
The first question asked for the number of days the operator 
worked off his farm in 1959. The other three questions, to be 
answered "Yes" or "No," asked (1) whether other members of the 
operator's household did any work off the farm ; (2) whether any 
income was received from sources other than the sale of agri- 
cultural products from the farm operated; and (3) whether the 
combined income of all members of the household from off -farm 
work and other sources was greater than the total value of agri- 
cultural products sold from the farm operated. 

Off-farm work was defined to include work on someone else's 
farm for pay as well as all types of nonfarm jobs, businesses, and 
professions, whether the work was done on the farm premises or 
elsewhere. Exchange work was not included. 

The questions asked in the 1959 Census are closely comparable 
with those asked in 1954. The data for 1959 are actual totals of 
all operators reporting off-farm work and other income whereas 
those for 1954 are estimated totals based on the sample. 

Equipment and Facilities. — In 1959 as in several earlier cen- 
suses, data about specified equipment and facilities were obtained 
for only a sample of farms. Farm operators were asked to report 
equipment and facilities that were on the farm at the time of enu- 
meration, regardless of ownership. They were to include items 
that were temporarily out of order but not any that were worn 
out. 

Data in terms of actual number were obtained for the follow- 
ing items of farm equipment in 1959 : (1) grain combines, (2) corn 
pickers, (3) pick-up balers, (4) field forage harvesters, (5) mo- 
tortrucks, (6) wheel tractors, (7) garden tractors, (8) crawler 
tractors, and (9) automobiles. Definitions given enumerators in- 
cluded the following specifications, among others : Corn pickers 
related to all types of machines used for picking corn, whether 
used in separate or in combined picking-shelling operations. 
Pick-up balers were to include both hand-tie and automatic balers 
but not stationary ones. Motortrucks were to include pick-up 
trucks and truck-trailer combinations; jeeps and station wagons 



XVIII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



were also to be included if they were used primarily as trucks, 
but school buses were specifically excluded. Wheel tractors spe- 
cifically excluded garden tractors, implements with built-in power 
units, such as self-propelled combines or powered buck rakes, and 
the power unit of a truck-trailer combination. Automobiles were 
to include jeeps and station wagons if they were used primarily 
as passenger cars. 

Questions to be answered "Yes" or "No" provided information 
as to the presence or absence of the following items: (1) tele- 
phone, (2) home freezer, (3) milking machine, (4) electric milk 
cooler, (5) bulk-type milk cooler (in six States only — Michigan, 
Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), 
(6) crop drier and (7) power-operated elevator, conveyor, or 
blower. 

Comparable data from one census to another are not available 
for all items. The questions asked about equipment during a 
given census reflect changes in farm mechanization and in the 
facilities available to farm families. Questions about some items 
of equipment were asked in 1959 for the first time (electric milk 
cooler, crop drier, bulk-type milk cooler, etc.). Similarly, some 
questions that were asked in earlier censuses were omitted in 
1959. For example, the use of electricity is now so widespread 
that there is no longer any need for obtaining a count of the 
farms having it. 

Farms by Kind of Road. — The classification of farms by the kind 
of road on which they are located is based on only a sample of 
farms. The enumerator was instructed to report, on the basis 
of his own observation, the kind of road on which the most 
frequently used entrance to the farm was located. For farms 
consisting of two or more tracts, he was to limit his report to the 
tract on which the farm operator had his dwelling or other 
headquarters. 

Farm Labor. — The questions about farm labor were asked only 
for the sample farms and related to persons working during 
the calendar week preceding the week of enumeration. Since 
the enumeration starting dates varied by geographic area,, and 
the enumeration within each area lasted over a period of several 
weeks, the calendar weeks to which the data apply also vary. 
Thus, the data for an individual farm may relate to any one 
week during the months of October, November, or December, or 
even, in a few instances, to weeks during September 1959 or 
January 1960. 

Farm labor was defined to include any work, chores, or planning 
necessary to the agricultural operations of the farm ; and to ex- 
clude housework, contract construction work, custom machine 
work, and repair, installation, or construction work done by per- 
sons employed specifically for such work. The farm labor in- 
formation contained in this report represents estimates based on 
answers to questions relating to the farm work or chores done 
during the week by (1) operator, (2) unpaid members of the 
operator's family, and (3) hired persons. An operator was 
considered as working if he worked one or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours; and hired persons, if they worked at all during the week. 

Data are not fully comparable from one census to another, 
primarily because of differences in the period to which they relate. 
In 1954, the data were purposely related to either one of two 
calendar weeks, depending in part on the starting date set for 
the enumeration and in part on which week represented a period 
of peak employment within a given State. For the majority of 
States, the period specified was the week of September 26-October 
2 ; for other States, the week of October 24-30. 

In 1950, as in 1959, the data related to the week preceding the 
actual enumeration. Unlike 1959, however, enumeration starting 
dates were identical for all States in 1950 (April 1) but since 
several weeks were required to complete the enumeration, the 
calendar week preceding the enumeration was not identical for 



all farms. In 1945 and 1935, the number of farm workers related 
to the first week in January and, in 1940, to the last week in 
March. In 1945, 1940, and 1935, only persons working the equiv- 
alent of two or more days during the specified week were to be 
included. In 1945 and 1940, an additional specification limited 
the workers to those 14 years old and over. 

Experience gained from earlier censuses indicates that farm 
labor data are often unsatisfactorily reported unless the week 
specified is the week immediately preceding the actual enumer- 
ation. When a farm operator was asked to report the number of 
persons employed during a specified week that was several weeks 
prior to enumeration, he often reported the highest number of 
persons employed during the year. Obviously incorrect reports 
were adjusted to make the data reflect more nearly the situation 
known to exist during the specified week. The farm labor data 
for 1954 relates to a specified week which, in some cases, was sev- 
eral weeks prior to enumeration. Few adjustments were made 
in those data, however, even though there were indications of 
incorrect reporting. 

Regular and Seasonal Workers. — Hired persons working on 
the farm during the week concerned were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year. They were classed as "seasonal" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 
less than 150 days. In cases where the period of employment 
was not reported for an individual farm, it was estimated from 
data for such items as basis of payment, wage rates, expendi- 
tures for labor in 1959, and type of farming operations. 

Hired Workers by Basis of Payment. — Hired persons were 
alcj classified according to whether they were paid on a 
monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly basis, or by piecework. In 
cases of incomplete reporting, the basis of payment for hired 
workers was supplied during the office processing operations. 

Wage Rates and Hours Worked. — The agreed cash rate of pay 
was asked for each class of hired worker except those em- 
ployed on a piecework basis. (The number and the earnings of 
persons paid on a piecework basis were required for those who 
worked on Friday of the week preceding the enumeration.) 
The number of hours that workers were expected to work to 
earn their pay was asked for each class except those employed 
on an hourly or piecework basis. For 1959 and 1954, the data 
include office estimates for farms submitting incomplete reports 
of wage rates and hours worked. The estimates were consistent 
with the size and type of operations for the individual farm as 
compared with similar farms in the area for which complete 
reports were received. The corresponding data for 1950 apply 
only to farms that reported both wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and Lime. — The questions about fertilizer and lime, 
asked only for the sample farms, relate to the acreage on which 
fertilizer and lime were used and to the quantity used. Farm 
operators were asked to report total quantities used in 1959 on 
the farms they operated regardless of when or by whom the ferti- 
lizer and lime were purchased. In the South, some landlords 
who operated farms themselves included the fertilizer and lime 
they had purchased for use on their tenant-operated land. Such 
fertilizer and lime may also have been reported by the tenants. 
When double reporting was detected during the editing process, 
the data on the questionnaires concerned were adjusted to elim- 
inate duplication in the totals. 

The 1959 data for fertilizer and lime are entirely comparable 
with those for 1954. A breakdown between dry and liquid fer- 
tilizing materials was not obtained in 1954 and data on cost 
of either fertilizer or lime were not obtained in 1959. 

Fertilizer. — The report for fertilizer was to refer only to com- 
mercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials, including rock 
phosphate. The acres fertilized and the tons of fertilizer ap- 
plied to those acres were obtained separately for selected crops. 
The selected crops varied by region so that it was possible to 
obtain detailed data for the crops most commonly fertilized 
in each region. In cases where the same land was used for 
more than one crop, the acres fertilized were to be reported 
separately for each crop. If the same crop was fertilized 
more than once, however, the acres in that crop were to be 
reported only once. In all cases, the total quantity of fer- 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



tilizer used in 1959 was to be reported, including quantities 
used on land occupied by crops planted in 1958 or by crops 
to be harvested in 1960. 

Reports for quantity of fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used were required for both dry and liquid materials. The 
terms "dry" and "liquid" referred to the form in which the 
fertilizers and fertilizing materials were purchased and not 
to the way in which they were applied. Thus, dry fertilizers 
were those purchased in dry or solid form, as powders, dusts, 
granules, pellets, etc. ; liquid fertilizers were those purchased 
in fluid form, as solutions or as liqutfled gases. 

lime. — The data for lime relate to the total acreage limed in 
1959 and the total tonnage of lime and liming materials used 
on those acres for purposes of conditioning the soil. Instruc- 
tions on the questionnaire stated that ground limestone, hy- 
drated and burnt lime, marl, and oyster shells were to be 
included but that lime used for spraying or sanitation purposes 
was to be omitted. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table 
may be less than the tonnage reported for the Agriculture Con- 
servation Program or the Conservation Reserve Program of 
the Soil Bank. Differences may be due either to sampling 
error or to under-reporting by farm operators. Many of the 
differences are minimized or eliminated entirely in the data 
presented on a State or regional basis. 

Specified Farm Expenditures. — The data for farm expenditures 
are estimates based on reports obtained from the sample farms. 
The 1959 questionnaire contained questions for six items of farm 
expenditure: (1) purchase of feed for livestock and poultry, 
(2) purchase of livestock and poultry, (3) machine hire, 
(4) hired labor, (5) seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, and (6) gaso- 
line and other petroleum fuel and oil. With the exception of 
items (2) and (5), exactly the same questions were asked in 
1954. For each item specified, the total expenditures made for 
the farm in 1959 were to be reported, whether made by the 
farm operator, his landlord, or both. A farm operator who 
rented part of his land to others was to report only the ex- 
penditures for the land he operated himself. Enumerators were 
instructed to ask respondents who had difficulty estimating 
their expenses for the period between enumeration and the end 
of the year to estimate them jn the basis of current costs. 

Feed. — The report on feed purchased for livestock and poultry 
was to include expenditures for grain, hay, millfeeds, pasture, 
salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements as 
well as for the grinding and mixing of feed. The estimated 
cost of items furnished by a landlord, contractor, or other 
owner for feeding poultry and livestock kept on the farm was 
also to be included. Payments made by a tenant to his land- 
lord for feed grown on the tenant farm were to be excluded. 

Livestock and Poultry. — The cost of baby chicks and turkey 
poults was to be included in the expenditures made for the 
purchase of livestock and poultry. Enumerators were in- 
structed to ask the farm operator to include the cost or esti- 
mated purchase value of poultry and livestock provided by 
others and cared for by the operator under a contract feeding 
arrangement. The cost of livestock purchased for resale within 
30 days was not to be included. A short-term transaction of 
that nature was considered to be a dealer operation, not an 
agricultural one. 

Data on the purchase of livestock and poultry were not ob- 
tained in 1954. The instructions for the 1950 census specified 
that expenditures for domestic rabbits, fur-bearing animals 
kept in captivity, and bees were to be included. Any lack of 
comparability in the 1950 and 1959 data resulting from inclu- 
sion or exclusion of rabbits, fur-bearing animals, or bees is 
considered to be so slight as to be insignificant 

Machine Hire. — Expenditures for machine hire relate to cus- 
tom machine work, such as tractor hire, threshing, grain or 
seed combining, silo filling, baling, cotton picking, cotton gin- 
ning, corn picking, plowing, vegetable harvesting, fruit pick- 
ing, spraying, and dusting. Any amount spent for the labor 
included in the cost of machine hire was to be considered as 
part of the total expenditure. The cost of freight or trucking 
and exchange work without pay were to be omitted. 

Hired Labor. — Expenditures for hired labor were to include 
total cash payments made in 1959 to family members and to 
others for farm labor. Payments to persons supplied by a con- 
tractor or a cooperative organization and paid directly by 
them or by the crew boss were also to be included. Payments 



for the following types of work were to be excluded : house- 
work, contract construction work, custom machine work, and 
repair, installation, or construction work done by persons spe- 
cifically employed for such work. 

Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuel and Oil. — Expenditures for 
gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil were to relate only 
to the products used in the farm business. Enumerators were 
instructed to exclude the cost of petroleum products used 
for the family automobile when operated for other than farm 
business purposes and of products used in the farmhouse for 
heating, cooking, and lighting. 

Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, and Trees. — Expenditures were to repre- 
sent the total amount spent for seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 
to be used on the farm operated. The value of seed grown on 
the farm was to be excluded. For nurseries and greenhouses, 
the cost of products purchased for immediate resale was also 
to be excluded. 

This item of expenditure was not included in the 1954 Census. 
The data are comparable with those for 1950, however. 

Crops 

Crops Harvested. — The 1959 agriculture questionnaire was simi- 
lar to the questionnaire used in several previous censuses in 
that it provided for the collection of detailed data for all crops 
harvested on each individual farm. The variation in the crops 
listed on the questionnaires used in different States made pos- 
sible the separate reporting of all important crops grown in a 
given area. All versions of the questionnaire contained several 
"All other crops" questions where crops not specifically listed in 
separate questions were to be reported. 

Acreage of Crops Harvested. — In most instances, the acreage 
reported for individual crops represents the area harvested 
during 1959. The area harvested is often less than the area 
planted. For fruit orchards and groves, vineyards, and planted 
nut trees, the acreage reported represents the total area in 
both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of the date of 
enumeration — usually a date in October, November, or Decem- 
ber 1959. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the acreage 
grown for all purposes was reported as well as the acreage har- 
vested for specific purposes. For velvet beans, only the acreage 
grown was reported. As the enumeration was about to begin 
in South Florida (those counties in which the enumeration was 
begun on October 7), an instruction was issued to the effect 
that the data for vegetables and potato crops should relate 
to a full year, beginning on October 1, 1958, and ending Sep- 
tember 30, 1959. 

Quantity of Crops Harvested. — Except for citrus fruits, olives, 
avocados, and for vegetable and potato crops in South Florida 
(see preceding paragraph) data for quantity harvested relate 
to the calendar year 1959. For citrus fruits, the quantity 
harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 1958-59 marketing 
season was to be reported. For olives, the crop harvested in 
1959 was to be reported for all States except California and 
Arizona. Enumerators in those two States were instructed to 
report olives harvested from the bloom of 1958 during the 1958- 
59 harvest season (September 15, 1958, to February 28, 1959). 
In the case of avocados, the data for California were to relate 
to the quantity harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 
marketing season that extended from October 1, 1958 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1959; the data for Florida were to relate to the 
crop harvested for the marketing season that extended from 
July 1, 1959, to February 28, 1960. Respondents were to 
estimate quantities not yet harvested at the time of 
enumeration. 

Unit of Measure. — The unit of measure in which quantities 
were to be reported has varied for some crops, not only from 
State to State, but also from census to census. The aim has 
been to permit reporting in the units of measure currently 
in use. In the State and county tables, the quantities harvested 
for each crop are usually expressed in the unit of measure 
given on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire. In 1959, for corn 
and Irish potatoes, a choice between two units in which to 
report the production was given in some States. (See the 
discussion for those crops.) To provide readily comparable 
information, data published in earlier reports in different units 
of measure generally have been converted to the units used in 
1959. 

Corn. — In the 1959 census, detailed questions regarding the 
purpose for which corn was harvested were asked in all States. 
For most States, bushels was the only unit specified for corn 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



for grain. In some areas, however, where farmers were not 
accustomed to using bushels as the unit of measure, the question- 
naire contained a provision for the quantity of corn for grain 
to be reported either in bushels (shelled basis) or in baskets of 
ear corn. As in former censuses, some reports were received 
in units of measure other than bushels or baskets. Prior to 
tabulation, all reports were converted to bushels (shelled basis) 
on the basis of the following factors : 70 pounds of ear corn, 
2 baskets of ears, or 56 pounds of shelled corn equal one bushel. 
A barrel of ear corn was usually considered equal to 5 bushels of 
shelled corn. 

Annual Legumes. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the 

acres and quantity grown or harvested for specific purposes, as 
well as the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained 
for areas where these crops are grown extensively ; for velvet- 
beans, only the total grown for all purposes was obtained. For 
all these crops except, possibly peanuts, the total acreage grown 
for all purposes includes some acreage that was plowed under 
for green manure. In a few Southern States, separate figures 
were obtained for the acres grown alone and the acres grown 
with other crops. In 1959, as in 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report green soybeans and blackeyes and other green 
cowpeas harvested for sale as vegetables and not as annual 
legumes. 

Hay Crops. — Data for the total acres of land from which hay 
was cut exclude the acreage in sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays. These crops were reported in separate questions 
in the States where they are important. To obtain the total 
acres from which other hays were cut, the acres of the various 
hay crops, including grass silage, were added together for each 
county. The corresponding totals for 1954 were obtained by 
the same procedure. For the 1950 census, however, the totals 
were based on farmers' own reports of their total acreage in 
harvested hay crops. 

The questionnaire contained an instruction that if two or more 
cuttings were made from the same laud, the total production 
from all cuttings was to be reported but the acres cut were to 
be counted only once. In cases where both hay and grass silage 
were cut from the same land, the total acreage was to be reported 
for both crops. In 1959, as in 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa 
and alfalfa mixtures for hay and for dehydrating ; clover and 
timothy hay included clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses ; small grain hay included oats, wheat, barley, rye, or 
other small grains cut for hay. The hay crops listed on the 
questionnaire varied somewhat from' one State or region to 
another. The kinds of hay to be included in separate questions 
can be determined for a specific State from reference to the 
facsimile of the questionnaire that is in the appendix. 

The tonnage of hay, including alfalfa hay for dehydrating, is 
given on a dry-weight basis. Prior to tabulation, production 
reported in green weight was converted to its dry-weight equiv- 
alent by dividing by 3. However, the production of grass silage 
is given in terms of green weight. 

Field Seed Crops. — The field seed crops listed on each version 
of the questionnaire were limited to those considered most im- 
portant within the given State. Each version of the question- 
naire contained space for listing other field seed crops in order 
to facilitate the reporting of all field seed crops harvested. 
Quantity harvested was to be reported in terms of clean seed 
for most field seed crops. Bluegrass, or Junegrass seed, was to 
be reported in terms of green seed for Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and 
Tennessee. No mention was made of "green-weight basis" for 
other States where this crop was to be reported in the "All other" 
question. 

Irish Potatoes and Sweetpotatoes. — For Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes (including yams), the total quantity harvested was 
to be reported for each crop in all cases, whether harvested for 



home use or for sale or whether used for livestock feed. The 
acreage harvested was to be reported for each crop only in cases 
where the quantity amounted to 20 or more bushels (or the 
approximate equivalent in terms of hundredweights, barrels, or 
pounds, as explained on different versions of the questionnaire) . 
This method of reporting was designed to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes harvested on small plots for home use. Essen- 
tially the same procedure was followed in both 1954 and 1950. 
In earlier censuses, however, the acreage of Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes was to be reported in all cases, even when produc- 
tion was solely for home use. Therefore, the data on acres for 
censuses prior to 1950 are not fully comparable with those for 
the last three censuses, especially in counties or States where 
production is largely for home use. 

The unit of measure in which quantity was to be reported 
varied from one State or region to another to correspond with 
the units most commonly used in a given area. In 27 States, 
the questionnaire provided a choice for reporting either bushels 
or 100-pound bags (hundredweights). The published data for 
counties and States are in terms of bushels. 

Berries and Other Small Fruits. — The question for berries and 
other small fruits related specifically to the acreages and quanti- 
ties harvested for sale. Only tame or cultivated berries were to 
be reported except for the New England States, where wild blue- 
berries were also to be included. Enumerators were instructed 
always to report the total quantity of each kind of berry har- 
vested for sale but to report the area harvested only when it 
amounted to one-tenth acre or more. Nonbearing areas and areas 
and quantities harvested for home use were to be excluded. The 
data for 1959 and 1954 are fully comparable. 

Tree Fruits, Nuts, and Grapes. — In 1959, as in 1954, fruit trees, 
nut trees, and grapevines were not enumerated for farms having 
a combined total of less than 20 at the time of enumeration. 
Both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines were to be included 
but not any that had been abandoned. For censuses prior to 
1954, all fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm were 
to be enumerated, regardless of the number. Because of this 
change in enumeration procedure, the data for 1959 and 1954 
are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. In 
commercial fruit-producing counties, the change in procedure 
may have had a considerable effect on the number of farms re- 
porting without causing any significant changes in the number 
of trees and vines nor in the quantity harvested. In counties 
where most of the trees or vines are In small plantings and 
where production is largely for home-use, however, the change 
may have caused a significant reduction not only in the number 
of farms reporting but also in the number of trees and vines and 
in the quantity harvested. 

In both 1959 and 1954, the area in fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees was enumerated when there 
were 20 or more fruit trees, nut trees, and grapevines. In 
1950, the corresponding area was enumerated only if it amounted 
to one-half acre or more. In censuses prior to 1950, the area was 
to be reported regardless of its size or of the number of trees 
and vines. Enumerators frequently omitted the fractional acre- 
ages in small plantings and home orchards, however. In some 
counties, small plantings or home orchards comprise a sizeable 
proportion of the total fruit and nut acreage. For those 
counties, the change from one census to' another in acreage of 
land in fruits and nuts may not be due to fact but merely to 
differences in enumeration. 

In 1959, California was the only State for which the acreage 
in each individual fruit and nut crop was obtained. In 1954, 
such acreage was also obtained for Arizona. In all States, the 
number of bearing and nonbearing trees or vines on the farm at 
the time of enumeration and the quantity harvested in 1959 
were to be reported separately for each fruit and nut crop. ( Ex- 
ceptions In the harvest period for citrus fruits, avocados, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



olives are described on p. XIX.) The unit of measure in which 
quantities were to be reported varied from one State to another. 
Tables in this report show quantities in the unit of measure 
appearing on the 1959 questionnaire used in the State. 

Nursery and Greenhouse Products. — The questions about nursery 
and greenhouse products related only to products grown on the 
place for sale. Crops bought for resale without additional cul- 
tivation were to be excluded. The area used for growing and 
the value of sales were to be reported separately for each of 
three groups, as follows : 

a. Nursery products, (trees, shrubs, vines, and ornamentals). 

b. Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding plants. 
For these items, the area grown in the open was to be re- 
ported separately from the area grown under glass. 

c. Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. For these items, 
the area grown in the open was to be reported separately 
from the area grown under glass or in the house. 

The data obtained for 1959 are comparable with those for 
1954 and 1950 since the questions asked were essentially the 
same in the three censuses. Detailed data regarding the pro- 
duction and sale of nursery, greenhouse, and other horticultural 
products on farms having sales of $2,000 will be published in 
volume V, parti. 

Forest Products. — The forest products data obtained in the 
Census of Agriculture relate only to the products cut on farms. 
Commercial logging, timber operations, and forest products grown 
or cut on nonfarm places are excluded. Therefore, the data in 
this report do not represent the total forestry output or income 
for a county or State. 

The questions included on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire 
aro more detailed than those asked in the 1954 Census. Value 
was obtained for the sale of standing timber or trees and for 
the sale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers. The 
quantity cut, whether for home use or sale, and the quantity sold 
were obtained for individual forestry products such as firewood 
and fuelwood, fence posts, sawlogs and veneer logs. Data relating 
to pulpwood, Christmas trees, maple trees, and maple syrup were 
obtained in States where such products are important 
commercially. 

Value of Crop3 Harvested. — The total value of crops harvested 
represents the estimated value of all crops harvested during the 
crop year 1959. It includes the value of quantities consumed 
on farms as food, feed, seed, etc., as well as quantities sold. 
Farmers were not asked to report values of crops harvested ; 
the values were calculated in the Processing Office. For individ- 
ual crops, the quantity harvested was multiplied by the average 
price at which the crop was sold in the State. State average 
prices were furnished to the Bureau of the Census by the Agricul- 
tural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 
They are based on reports received from a sample of fanners and 
dealers. Quantities harvested were not obtained for vegetables 
nor for nursery and greenhouse products. Therefore, for those 
crops, the value of sales, as obtained in the enumeration, was used 
in the calculation of total value of crops harvested. 

Value of Crops Sold. — The questionnaire required value of sales 
of crops to be reported only for total vegetables, nursery and 
greenhouse products, and certain forest products. For all other 
crops, the value of sales was calculated on a county level during 
processing operations by multiplying the State average prices 
by either the quantity sold or the quantity harvested. Reports 
of quantity sold were obtained during the enumeration only for 
some of the major field crops. Quantity harvested was used in 
the calculation of value of crops sold for such crops as cotton, 
tobacco, etc., that are customarily grown for sale. The procedures 
used for the various crops are described on page XXV. They 



are similar to the procedures followed in 1954. In 1950, values 
of crops sold were obtained for each farm during the enumeration. 

Ibbigation 

Definition of Irrigated Land. — Irrigated land is defined as land 
watered for agricultural purposes by artificial means. These 
means included subirrigation as well as systems whereby water 
was applied to the ground surface, either directly or by sprinklers. 
Land flooded for rice cultivation was considered as irrigated. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be included as 
irrigated only if water was directed to agricultural use by dams, 
canals, or other works. The definition of irrigated land specif- 
ically excluded land where tie "water table", or natural level 
of underground water, was controlled by drainage works with no 
additional water brought in by canals or pipes. 

Enumeration of Irrigated Land. — A question on total land irri- 
gated was asked in all States, with the exception of Alaska. The 
acreage reported for this question includes not only irrigated 
cropland but also any other land that was irrigated in 1959. 

The questionnaires used in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, 
and Hawaii included several additional questions regarding irri- 
gation. These questions related to the acreage of land irrigated 
by sprinklers, irrigated land from which crops were harvested, 
specific crops irrigated, and source of irrigation water. Such 
additional data, for irrigated farms, are presented in county 
table la for these States. 

Statistics on the irrigation enterprises which supplied irriga- 
tion water were collected in the 1959 Census of Irrigation and 
are published in Volume III, "Irrigation of Agricultural Lands". 
This report contains a considerable amount of data about irri- 
gation for the 17 Western States and Louisiana. 

Irrigated Farms. — All farms reporting any land irrigated in 
1959 are counted as irrigated farms. 

Land in Irrigated Farms. — Data for land in irrigated farms ac- 
cording to use relate to the entire acreage in these farms, in- 
cluding land that was not irrigated. 

Land Irrigated. — Data for land irrigated relate only to that 
part of the land in irrigated farms that was watered by artificial 
means at any time in 1959. Separate figures are given for farms 
reporting land irrigated by sprinklers whether or not the land 
was also irrigated by other means. Additional figures are given 
for farms reporting land irrigated by sprinklers only. Data 
on sprinkler irrigation were not obtained in the 1954 census. 

Irrigated Cropland Harvested. — The data for irrigated crop- 
land harvested relate to all irrigated land from which crops 
were harvested in 1959, regardless of the method of irrigation. 
An instruction on the questionnaire reminded enumerators and 
respondents to include irrigated land from which hay was cut, 
irrigated land in both bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut 
crops, and irrigated land from which volunteer crops were 
harvested. Each irrigated acre was to be reported only once, 
regardless of how many crops were harvested from it. 

Other Irrigated Land. — This classification was obtained by 
subtraction of the acreage of irrigated cropland harvested 
from the acreage of total land irrigated. It represents primarily 
irrigated cropland not harvested and irrigated pasture or 
grazing land. 

Farms Irrigated By Number of Acres Irrigated. — All farms on 
which any land was irrigated in 1959 are classified according 
to the number of acres irrigated in county table la for the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and Hawaii. This classification is 
based on total land irrigated. Therefore, it includes not only the 
irrigated land from which crops were harvested but also all other 
irrigated land, regardless of use. 

Land Irrigated By Source of Water. — The agriculture question- 
naire contained a question as to what proportion of irrigated 
water used on the farm in 1959 was obtained from ground- 
water, surface-water, and irrigation-organization sources. Re- 
spondents were asked to report separately the percentage of 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



water obtained from each source. The number of acres that 
were irrigated by water from each source or combination of 
sources was calculated during office processing operations by 
applying the percentages to the total land irrigated. 

Ground-water sources relate to wells (pumped or flowing) and 
springs ; surface-water sources relate to streams, lakes, reservoirs, 
and sewage and drainage ditches. For each of these sources, 
only water obtained by pumps or other works operated as part 
of the operator's own farm or as part of another single farm was 
to be included. Irrigation-organization sources relate to irriga- 
tion enterprises organized to supply water to a group of farms, 
regardless of how or where the enterprise obtained the water. 
The irrigation enterprise may be a legal organization or a group 
of farmers informally organized to operate a supply ditch or 
other works to provide water for their own farms. 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary Information. — The 1959 data for land-use practices 
are estimates based on reports obtained from only a sample of 
farms. Comparable data are not presented for 1954 because 
questions about land-use practices were included on the 1954 
questionnaire for only a limited number of States. The various 
land-use practices relate to methods for reducing soil erosion, 
either by improving the soil, controlling the run-off of water, or 
reducing the blowing of topsoil. 

Cropland in Cover Crops.— The data relate to land on which 
cover crops were turned under for green manure in 1959 and 
which was then planted to another crop. The entire acreage of 
cover crops so used was to be reported even if the following crop 
failed. 

Cropland Used for Grain or Row Crops Farmed on the Contour. — 
This item relates to land on which grain or row crops were 
planted in level rows around the slope of a hill. 

Land in Strip-Cropping Systems for Soil-Erosion Control. — Strip- 
cropping was defined as the practice of alternating close-sown 
crops with strips or bands of row crops or of alternating either 
close-sown or row crops with bands of cultivated fallow land. 
The published data refer to the total acreage of all fields and 
tracts in which strip-cropping was practiced in 1959. 

System of Terraces on Crop and Pasture Land. — This item re- 
lates to the acreage in ridge- type or channel-type terraces con- 
structed on sloping cropland and pastureland. 

Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories. — Data for livestock and poultry on farms relate 
to the number on hand at the time of enumeration. All live- 
stock and poultry, including those being kept or fed under con- 
tract, were to be enumerated on the farm or ranch where they 
were, regardless of who owned them. Livestock in transit from 
one grazing area to another or grazing in national forests, graz- 
ing districts, open range, or On land used under permit were to be 
reported as being on the place where the person who had control 
over them had his headquarters. 

The time of year at which livestock and poultry are enumerated 
affects the data. Therefore, the date of enumeration needs to 
be considered when totals for the various censuses are compared. 
Both the 1959 and the 1954 census data represent fall inven- 
tories. These censuses came at a time of large-scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feed lot, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of 1920, 1925, 1935, and 1945 were taken as of 
January 1 and those of 1930, 1940, and 1950, as of April 1. A 
count made in April varies considerably from one made in Jan- 
uary. In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. A considerable number of older animals die 
or are sold during the same period. In the range States, along 



with the change in season and grazing condition, sheep and cattle 
are moved from one locality or county to another. This movement 
may affect the comparability of data for counties and, in some 
cases, for States. The comparability of data by age has been 
affected also by changes in the questions from one census to 
another. 

Milk Cows, Cows Milked, Milk Produced, and Butter. — Data on 
the number of milk cows, cows milked, and milked produced relate 
to the day preceding the enumeration. Data for butter churned 
were obtained only for 14 States and relate to the calendar week 
preceding the enumeration. The data for cows milked yesterday 
and milk produced yesterday are not given in this volume. These 
figures were obtained primarily to serve the needs of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture in making monthly and annual esti- 
mates of milk production. These figures can be made available, 
at a small cost, to others who express an interest in them. 

Whole Milk and Cream Sold.— Data for whole milk and cream 
sold relate to the entire year 1959 and are estimates based on 
reports obtained for farms in the sample. All milk and cream 
sold from the farm (except quantities purchased from some 
other place and then resold) were to be included, regardless 
of who shared the receipts. The questionnaire provided three 
alternative units of measure for reporting the quantity of milk 
sold — pounds of milk, gallons of milk, and pounds of butterfat. 
The respondent was thus permitted to report quantity according 
to the unit of measure in which payment was received. In the 
State and county tables, the data for milk are given in the unit 
of measure most commonly used in the State. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk on the 
basis of the average butterfat content of milk as shown by data 
furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and Gilts Farrowing. — In the 1959 census, data were ob- 
tained for the number of litters farrowed between December 1, 
1958, and June 1, 1959, and from June 1 to December 1, 1959. In 
the 1954 census, data were obtained for the sows and gilts that 
farrowed rather than for the number of litters. 

Sheep, Lambs, and Wool. — In the 1959 census, questions about 
sheep, lambs, and wool were asked in all States. Data on 
shearings and on amount of wool shorn were obtained for lambs 
and sheep separately. In the 1954 census, sheep and lamb inven- 
tories were not obtained for Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. 

Goats and Mohair. — In 1959, questions on goats, kids, and mo- 
hair appeared on the questionnaires for the following nine States : 
Arizona, California, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, 
Oregon, Texas, and Utah. In 1954, corresponding data were ob- 
tained for Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, 
Washington, and selected counties in Missouri. 

Bees and Honey. — No questions on bees and honey were in- 
cluded on the questionnaires for either the 1959 or the 1954 
census. In 1959, however, enumerators were instructed to ob- 
tain agriculture questionnaires for places not having agricultural 
operations if they were engaged in beekeeping. The number of 
hives of bees and the amount of honey sold were to be reported 
In the "Remarks" space of the questionnaire. Data for bees 
and honey are not included in this report. 

Value of Livestock on Farms. — To obtain the value of livestock 
on farms, the number of each class of livestock or poultry on hand 
was multiplied by the State average price for 1959, as furnished 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Comparable data for 1954 were compiled by the 
same method on the basis of average prices for that year. 

Sales of Live Animals. — Data for the number and value of ani- 
mals sold alive in 1959 are estimates based on reports for sample 
farms only. Corresponding data for 1954 were obtained for all 
farms. The dollar value of sales was obtained from the farmer 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



for cattle, calves, and horses and mules. Average value per head 
for other livestock sold was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. In the 1959 census, respondents were asked to 
report separately the number of live animals already sold and the 
number estimated to be sold between the time of enumeration and 
the end of the year. This separation of reports for the number 
sold and to be sold was designed to assure more complete coverage 
of all livestock sales made during the year. In the 1954 census, 
only totals for the entire year were obtained though reference 
was made to animals to be sold between enumeration and the end 
of the year. 

Sales of Poultry and Poultry Products. — For both the 1959 and 
the 1954 Censuses, sales of chickens were obtained for two groups : 
(1) broilers and (2) other chickens. The enumeration of broiler 
sales presents problems arising from the varied contractual ar- 
rangements under which broilers are produced. The question- 
naire contained an instruction to the effect that all broilers grown 
for others under contract were to be reported as sold. During 
office processing operations, the data reported for inventories and 
sales of chickens four months old and over, chicken eggs sold, and 
broilers sold were carefully examined. Obvious inconsistencies 
indicating confusion between broilers and other chickens were 
corrected on the basis of estimated values and, for sample farms, 
on the basis of data reported for expenditures for feed, poultry 
and livestock purchases, hired labor, etc. 

Questions relating to poultry other than chickens (and broilers) 
were generally the same in 1959 as in 1954. In the 1959 census, 
however, only total numbers were obtained for turkeys and turkey 
fryers raised and for turkey hens kept for breeding whereas the 
1954 questionnaire asked for a breakdown between light and heavy 
breeds. Also, for poultry other than chickens and turkeys, the 
1959 census obtained the number sold whereas the 1954 census 
obtained the number raised. 

Classification or Farms 

Scope of Classification. — Data for land in farms, and for crop- 
land harvested in farms classified by size, by color of operator and 
by tenure of operator were tabulated for all farms. However, 
most of the detailed data by size of farm, by color of operator, by 
tenure of operator, by economic class, and by type of farm are 
estimates based on farms in the sample. The farm classifications 
by size of farm, color of operator, tenure of operator, economic 
class of farm, and type of farm were made in the processing 
office on the basis of data reported on each questionnaire. 

Farms by Size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area established for each farm. The same classifica- 
tion was used for all States. According to definition, a farm is 
essentially an operating unit, not an ownership tract. All land 
operated by one person or partnership represents one farm. In 
the case of a landlord who has assigned land to croppers or other 
tenants, the land assigned to each cropper or tenant is considered 
a separate farm even though the landlord may operate the entire 
landholding as one unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rota- 
tion practice, purchase of supplies, or sale of products. In some 
parts of the South, a special Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire was 
used to assure an accurate enumeration of each unit within a 
multiple-unit operation. A change was made in the size classifica- 
tion for 1959, as contrasted with several preceding years, by sub- 
dividing the 1,000-acre-and-over group and by combining two 
previously recognized groups, viz., 10 to 29 acres and 30 to 49 
acres. 

Farms by Color of Operator. — Farms were classified by color of 
operator into two groups, "white" and "nonwhite." "Nonwhite" 
includes primarily Negro and Indian operators but also some of 
other racial origin. 

Enumerators were instructed to report the race on the basis of 
their own observation whenever possible rather than by asking the 
respondent. 



Farms by Tenure of Operator. — The classification of farms by 
tenure of operator was based on data reported for land owned, 
land rented from others or worked for others on shares, land 
managed for others, and land rented to others or worked on shares 
by others. The same basis of classification was used in 1959 
as in 1954. 

For 1959, each questionnaire was coded, during the editing proc- 
ess, to indicate whether it represented a farm operated by a full 
owner, part owner, manager, or tenant. The sample question- 
naires for tenants were given a code to indicate the kind of 
tenant. 

The various classifications of tenure, as used for the 1959 census, 
are defined below : 

a. Full Owners operate only land they own. 

b. Part Owners operate land they own and also land rented 
from others. 

c. Managers operate land for others and are paid a wage or 
salary for their services. Persons acting merely as care- 
takers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If 
a farm operator managed land for others and also operated 
land on his own account, the land operated on his own ac- 
count was considered as one farm and the land managed for 
others as a second farm. If, however, he managed land for 
two or more employers, all the managed land was considered 
to be one farm. 

d. Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all 
the land they operate. They are further classified, as de- 
scribed below, on the basis of rental arrangements in regard 
to the payment of cash rent, sharing of crops, sharing of 
livestock or livestock products, and the furnishing of work 
power by the landlord. 

(1) Cash Tenants pay cash rent, either on a per-aere basis or 
for the farm as a whole. 

(2) Share-Cash Tenants pay part of the rent in cash and part 
in a share of the crops and/or of the livestock and livestock 
products. 

(3) Crop-Share Tenants pay a share of the crops but not of the 
livestock or livestock products. 

(4) Livestock-Share Tenants pay a share of the livestock or 
livestock products. They may or may not also pay a share of 
the crops. 

(5) Croppers are tenants whose landlords furnished all the 
work animals or tractor power. They usually work under 
the close supervision of the landowners or their agents, or 
other farm operators. Also, the land assigned to them is 
often merely a part of a multi-unit operation. Croppers may 
or may not also pay cash rent or a share of crops, livestock, 
or livestock products. Data for croppers are available for 
only 16 southern States and Missouri. 

(6) Other Tenants are those who did not qualify for inclusion 
in any of the foregoing subclassifications. They may have 
had the use of land rent-free or in return for a fixed quantity 
of products, payment of taxes, maintenance of buildings, etc. 

(7) Unspecified Tenants are those for whom the rental arrange- 
ment was not reported. 

The definition of each subclass of tenant was essentially the 
same for earlier censuses as for 1959. In 1945, however, the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants 
whereas in other censuses all classifications were made during 
the processing of questionnaires on the basis of the data 
reported. The procedure used in 1945 may have affected the 
comparability of the data, especially for cash tenants and 
share-cash tenants. 

Farms by Economic Class. — The totals for farms by economic 
class are estimates for all farms made on the basis of data re- 
ported only for the sample farms. The economic classifications 
represent groupings of farms that are similar in characteristics 
and size of operation. The economic classes were established on 
the basis of one or more of four factors: (1) total value of all 
farm products sold, (2) number of days the farm operator worked 
off the farm, (3) the age of the farm operator, and (4) the re- 
lationship of income received by the operator and members of his 
household from nonfarm sources to the value of all farm products 
sold. Institutional farms, Indian reservations, agricultural ex- 
periment stations, and grazing associations were always classified 
as "abnormal." 



XXIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



The total value of farm products sold was obtained by addi- 
tion of the reported or estimated values for all products sold from 
the farm. The value of cattle and calves, horses and mules, dairy 
products, some poultry products, vegetables, nursery and green- 
house products, standing timber, and miscellaneous forest prod- 
ucts was obtained from the farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. The quantity sold was obtained during enumeration for 
corn, sorghums, small grains, hay, small fruits, some of the for- 
est products, chickens and chicken eggs, hogs, sheep, and goats. 
To obtain the value of sales of these products, the quantity sold 
was multiplied by State average prices. 

For each of the other products, the entire production was mul- 
tiplied by the State average price. If the resulting value amount- 
ed to $100 or more, the entire quantity produced was considered 
as sold. This procedure was followed only in establishing the 
economic class and the type of farm but was not used in estab- 
lishing the total value of products sold from the farm. (See 
p. XXV.) 

Farms were grouped into two major categories, commercial 
farms and other farms, mainly on the basis of total value of prod- 
ucts sold. The 1959 class intervals and some of the criteria for 
determination of a given class are different from those used in 
1954 and in 1950. In general, for 1959, all farms with a value 
of sales amounting to $2,500 or more were classified as commercial. 
Farms with a value of sales of $50 to $2,499 were classified as com- 
mercial if the farm operator was under 65 years of age and (1) he 
did not work off the farm 100 or more days during the year and 
(2) the income received by the operator and members of his 
family from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. The remaining farms with a value of sales of $50 
to $2,499 and institutional farms and Indian reservations were 
included in one of the groups of "other farms." 

Commercial farms were divided into six economic classes on 
the basis of the total value of all farm products sold, as 
follows : 

Value of Farm 
Class of Farm Products sold 

I $40,000 and over 

II $20,000 to $39,999 

III $10,000 to $19,999 

IV $5,000 to $9,999 

V $2,500 to $4,999 

VI* $50 to $2,499 

•Provided the farm operator was under 65 years of age, and — 
(1) he did not work off the farm 100 or more days, and (2) the In- 
come that he and members of his household received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the total value of farm products sold. 

Other farms were divided Into three economic classes as 
follows : 

a. Class VII, Part-time. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part-time" If 
the operator was under 65 years of age and he either worked 
off the farm 100 or more days or the income be and members 
of his household received from nonfarm sources was greater 
than the total value of farm products sold. 

b. Class VIII, Part-retirement. — Farms with a value of sales 
of farm products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part- 
retirement" if the farm operator was 65 years old or over. 
Many of these are farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others are residential, subsistence, or marginal 
farms. In previous censuses, the age of the farm operator 
was not a criterion for grouping farms by economic class. 
Since the number of elderly people in our population has 
been steadily increasing during recent years, a separate 
classification for farms operated on a part-retirement basis 
was considered important for an adequate analysis of the 
agricultural structure of a county or State. 

c. Class IX, Abnormal. — All institutional farms and Indian 
reservations were classified as "abnormal," regardless of the 
value of sales. Institutional farms include those operated 



by hospitals, penitentiaries, schools, grazing associations, 
government agencies, etc. 

Farms by Type. — The data for farms by type are estimates 
based on data tabulated for the farms in the sample. The 
type represents a description of the major source of income from 
farm sales. To be classified as a particular type, a farm had to 
have sales of a particular product or group of products amounting 
in value to 50 percent or more of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold during the year. 

The types of farms, together with the products on which type 
classification is based, are as follows : 

Type of Farm Source of Cash Income 

(Products with sales value representing 
50% or more of total value of all farm 
products sold) 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghums, small grains, soybeans 

for beans, cowpeas for peas, dry field 
and seed beans and peas. 

Tobacco Tobacco. 

Cotton Cotton. 

Other field-crop Peanuts, potatoes (Irish and sweet), 

sugarcane for sugar or sirup, sweet 
sorghums for sirup, broomcorn, pop- 
corn, sugar beets, mint, hops, and 
sugar beet seed. 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries, other small fruits, tree fruits, 

grapes, and nuts. 

Poultry Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, and 

other poultry products. 

Dairy Milk and cream. The criterion of 50 

percent of total sales was modified in 
the case of dairy farms. A farm hav- 
ing value of sales of dairy products 
amounting to less than 50 percent of 
the total value of farm products sold 
was classified as a dairy farm, if — 

(a) Milk and cream sold accounted 
for more than 30 percent of the total 
value of products sold and — 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of total cows and — 

(c) The value of milk and cream sold 
plus the value of cattle and calves 
sold amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of all farm 
products sold. 

Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool 
and mohair except for farms in the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and 
Florida that qualified as livestock 
ranches. 

Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisi- 
ana, and Florida were classified as 
livestock ranches if the sales of live- 
stock, wool, and mohair represented 
50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold and if pasture- 
land or grazing land amounted to 100 
or more acres and was 10 or more 
times the acreage of cropland har- 
vested. 

Field seed crops, hay, silage. A farm 
was classified as general also if it had 
cash income from three or more 
sources and did not meet the criteria 
for any other type. 

Nursery and greenhouse products, forest 
products, mules, horses, colts and 
ponies. Also all institutional farms 
and Indian reservations. 



Livestock other than 
dairy and poultry 



Livestock Ranches- 



General. 



Miscellaneous. 



INTRODUCTION 



xxv 



The type classifications were essentially the same for the 1959 
as for the 1954 census except that tobacco farms and livestock 
ranches were not separately classified in 1954. Tobacco was in- 
cluded as one of the crops used in the classification of "other 
field crop" farms in 1954. The farms classified as livestock 
ranches in 1959 would have been classified as "livestock other 
than dairy and poultry" in 1954 without regard to the acreage in 
pasture. 

Value of Farm Products Sold. — Data for the value of farm prod- 
ucts sold in 1959 were obtained by enumeration for some prod- 
ucts and by estimation for others. The questionnaire used for 
the 1959 census provided for farm operators to report value of 
sales for the following products : 

Vegetables Miscellaneous poultry products 

Nursery and greenhouse prod- Milk and cream 

nets Cattle 

Standing timber Calves 

Miscellaneous forest products Horses, mules, colts, and ponies 

For all other agricultural products, the value of sales was esti- 
mated during the office processing. The State average prices 
used for calculating the value of farm products sold were fur- 
nished to the Bureau by the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of three following pro- 
cedures was used. 

(1) For the products for which data on quantities sold were 
obtained during enumeration, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the county totals of the quantities reported as sold or 
the quantities reported as produced for sale. The following prod- 
ucts were covered by this procedure : 

Corn for grain Fence posts 

Sorghums for grain, seed, sirup, Sawlogs and veneer logs 

or dry forage Christmas trees 

All small grains Chickens (broilers and others) 

Hay crops Chicken eggs 

All berries and small fruits ' Hogs and pigs 

Firewood and f uelwood Sheep and lambs 

Pulpwood Goats and kids 

1 Adjustment made for cranberries based on Cranberry Payment 
Program. 

(2) For most of the agricultural products which are cus- 
tomarily raised for sale, the entire quantity produced was 
considered to be sold. The State average prices were, accordingly, 
multiplied by the county total of production. The following crops 
were covered by this procedure : 



Cotton Sugarcane for sugar 

Popcorn Tobacco 

Sugar beets for sugar Wool 

Broomcorn Mohair 

(3) For all other crops, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the quantities sold as estimated on the basis of crop- 
disposition data furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
data reported in questions for "other crops" on the 1959 question- 
naire, or data obtained from earlier censuses. 

For all tree fruits, nuts, and grapes, the entire quantity pro- 
duced was considered as sold, except for apples, apricots, sour and 
sweet cherries, peaches, plums, prunes, avocados, tangerines, 
oranges, and grapefruit in States where a portion of the crop 
was not harvested or was subjected to excess cullage as indicated 
by data obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

The data for 1959 are comparable with those for 1954 since 
essentially the same procedures were used in both censuses for 
estimating quantities and values of farm products sold. In 1959, 
as in 1954, data for the sales of farm products represent total 
sales for the entire farm, regardless of who shared the receipts. 
For tenant-operated farms, the landlord's share of agricultural 
products was considered as sold provided the products were 
moved off the tenant farm. All crops, livestock, and poultry 
raised under a contract arrangement were considered as sold 
from the farm where they were raised. For institutional farms, 
all agricultural items produced on land operated by the institu- 
tion and consumed by the inmates were to be reported as sold. 

All sales data relate to one year's farm operations. Crop sales 
are for crops harvested during the crop year, whether the crops 
were actually sold immediately after harvest or placed in storage 
for later sale. Sales of livestock and livestock products relate 
to the calendar year, regardless of when the livestock or prod- 
ucts were raised or produced. All wool and mohair reported 
as shorn or clipped was considered as sold. 

Enumerators were instructed to record gross values of quanti- 
ties sold, with no deductions for feed, seed, fertilizer, water, labor, 
or marketing costs. For some products, however, net values may 
have been reported. In the case of milk, particularly, some farm 
operators may have reported the payments they received as the 
gross value of sales, even though the buyer had deducted handling 
and hauling charges before making payment. Adjustments were 
made in the data reported only in cases of obvious error. 



o 



Chapter A 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

(i) 



MAINE 



State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data on value of land and buildinjrs for 1950, 1954, and 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



Item 


see text) 










census of— 








- 


(For definitions and explanations 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Farms 




17,360 


23,368 


30,358 


42,184 


38,980 


41,907 


39,006 


50,033 


48,227 






19,847,680 


19,865,600 


19,865,600 


19,865,600 


19,865,600 


19,132,800 


19,132,800 


19,132,800 


19,132,800 






15.5 


18.2 


21.0 


23.2 


21.3 


24.7 


24.3 


27.0 


28.4 


Land in (arms 


acres 


3,081,987 


3,614,242 


4,181,613 


4,613,175 


4,223,297 


4,721,842 


4,639,938 


5,161,428 


5,425,968 








acres 


177.5 


154.7 


137.7 


109.4 


108.3 


112.7 


119.0 


103.2 








112.5 


Value of land and buildings: 




1/4,582 


9,330 


7,570 


3,785 


3,183 


3,425 


4,981 


3,943 


4,232 






83.19 


60.47 


54.06 


34.61 


29.38 


30.40 


41.87 


38.22 


37.62 


Land in farms according to use: ' 


. .farms reportinc. . 


15,195 


20,260 


27,880 


39,882 


36,964 


41,415 


38,214 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


698,188 


795,710 


932,028 


1,315,562 


1,1/46,613 


1,386,025 


1,304,014 


1,605,576 


2 1,530,027 




.farms reportinc. . . 


2,809 


4,223 


6,226 


9,778 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. .farms reporting. .. 


2,637 


3,725 


5,839 


7,694 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


2,085 


3,059 


4,494 


6,416 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


2,791 


4,005 


5,413 


7,772 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.forms reporting. . . 


3,139 


3,654 


4,498 


6,239 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. farms reporting . . . 


1,362 


1,293 


1,189 


1,664 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


372 


301 


221 


319 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


200 to 499 acres 


.farms reporting. . . 


352 


276 


206 


287 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


500 to 999 acres 


.fam s reporting. . . 


16 


20 


13 


22 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting . . . 


4 


5 


2 


10 


NA 


NA 


• HA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


7,665 


10,931 


12,310 


4,493 


15,646 


11,589 


13,742 


11,767 


NA 




acres . . . 


171,405 


235,948 


221,330 


73,983 


319,687 


180,385 


259,265 


195,768 


::a 


Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . 


.farms reporting. . . 


6,081 


10,381 


9,803 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


208,077 


240,692 


253,664 


100,244 


123,062 


65,518 


97,751 


37,939 


I!A 


Soil-improvement grasses and legumes . 


.farms reporting.. . 


1,967 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


:ia 




acres . . . 


55,107 


NA 


IA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other cropland (idle and crop failure) . . 


.farms reporting.. . 


4,814 


NA 


NA 


•:a 


NA 


'IA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


152,970 


NA 


I1A 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting . . , 


3,639 


6,207 
280,425 


9,322 

382,715 


14,059 
611,498 


NA 
NA 


22,495 
957,843 


20,901 
878,810 


25,998 
980,645 


NA 
NA 




acres . . . 


169,511 




..farms reporting.. . 


13,548 


17,015 


22,061 


27,144 


NA 


24,228 


22,323 


26,980 


NA 




acres . . . 


1,545,041 


1,712,071 


1,849,401 


1,838,946 


NA 


1,469,795 


1,362,100 


1,508,392 


NA 


Other pasture (not cropland and 


.farms reporting . . . 


4,437 


6,461 


9,030 


16,274 


NA 


16,052 


16,396 


20,324 


NA 




acres . . . 


133,280 


203,424 


272,547 


439,136 


NA 


431,482 


499,461 


575,372 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


820 


988 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


12,488 


13,581 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other land (house lots, roads, 


.farms reporting. . . 


NA 


18,938 


22,902 


30,925 


NA 


34,269 


24,744 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


156,485 


145,972 


269,928 


233,806 


NA 


230,794 


238,537 


257,736 


NA 




. .farms reporting . . . 


16,329 


22,414 


29,257 


41,067 


38,237 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


1,077,670 


1,272,350 


1,407,022 


1,489,789 


1,589,362 


1,631,928 


1,661,030 


1,839,283 


NA 




. .farms reporting. . . 


11,376 


16,577 


21,592 


28,088 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


474,196 


719,797 


876,592 


1,124,617 


NA 


1,569,710 


1,637,536 


1,751,785 


NA 




. .farms reporting . . . 


14,568 


19,176 


25,071 


33,568 


29,855 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


1,714,552 


1,992,496 


2,232,116 


2,450,444 


1,783,327 


2,427,638 


2,240,910 


2,4«9,037 


2,447,*7 




. .farms reporting. . . 


138 


87 


123 


3 


33 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


2,214 


1,097 


2,299 


100 


143 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA Not available. 

1 For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, In the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 

2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn 
harvested for grain. 

3 Not fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



4 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



All farms number 

Under 10 acres number 

Under 3 acres number 

1 acre or less number 

2 acres number 

3 to 9 acres number 

3 acres number 

4 acres number 

5 acres number 

fl acres number 

7 acres number 

8 acres number 

9 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

10 to 29 acres number 

30 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acre's number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1.000 or more acres numlier 

1,000 to 1.999 acres number, 

2,UO0 or more acres number 

Land in farms acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Under 10 acres acres 

10 to 49 acres acres 

10 to 29 acres acres 

30 to 49 acres acres 

50 to 69 acres acres 

70 to 99 acres acres 

100 to 139 acres acres 

140 to 179 acres acres 

180 to 219 acres acres 

220 to 259 acres acres 

260 to 499 acres acres 

500 to 999 acres acres 

1,000 or more acres acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres 

2,000 or more acres acres 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested farms reportinp 

acres 

Under 10 acres farms reporting 

acres 

10 to 49 acres farms reportine 

acres 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting 

acres 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 

50 to 69 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

70 to 99 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

100 to 139 acres farms reportinp 

acres 
140 to 179 acres farms reportinp 

■CMC 

180 to 219 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

1,000 or more acres , farms reportinp 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reportinp 

acres 

2,000 or more acres farms reportinp 

acres 



See footnotes at end of table . 



17,342 
790 
331 
209 
122 

459 
97 
84 



57 
56 
59 
26 

2,700 
1,401 
1,299 

1,616 
2,122 

2,701 
1,843 

1,428 
875 

2,305 
757 



205 
157 
48 



3,077,852 
177.5 



3,321 
75,797 



93,879 
175,580 

309,302 
289,935 

282,665 
208,305 

804,054 
478,393 

356,621 
199,675 
156,946 



15,116 

707,155 

275 

745 

1,980 

20,576 

HA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,377 
24,021 

1,895 
44,550 

2,487 
83,480 

1,727 
73,815 

1,363 

73,784 

840 

53,095 

2,237 

197,413 

736 

95,304 

199 
40,372 

152 

27,368 

47 

13,004 



23,368 

1,529 

458 

NA 
HA 

1,071 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

3,830 
1,995 
1,835 

2,382 
2,993 

3,618 
2,560 

1,812 
1,146 

2,548 
754 

196 

NA 



3,614,242 
154.7 

6,377 
106, 518 
36,405 
70,113 

137,554 
246,684 

411,680 
402,331 

357,058 
272,952 

870,924 
481,731 

320,433 
HA 



20,260 

795,710 

662 

1,919 

2,914 
28,731 

1,433 
11,212 

1,481 
17,519 

2,015 
33,526 

2,673 
62,753 

3,321 

106,517 

2,424 

98,256 

1,717 
84,072 

1,125 
65,132 

2,487 

190,860 

732 

83,877 

190 
40,067 
HA 
HA 
HA 
HA 



30,368 

1,750 

409 

HA 

NA 

1,341 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

5,455 
2,705 
2,750 

3,348 
4,378 

5,038 
3,232 

2,257 
1,262 

2,782 
719 

147 
HA 



4,213,183 
138.7 

8,255 
154,730 
49,540 
105,190 

198,345 
358,239 

568,340 
506,374 

444,020 
301,477 

946,009 
453,921 

273,473 

l.'A 
MA 



27,917 

938,904 

935 

2,825 

4,630 
46,380 

2,180 
15,810 

2,450 
30,570 

3,148 
51,763 

4,168 
96,304 

4,843 
147,908 

3,147 
120,143 

2,201 
99,339 

1,241 
75,610 

2,747 

195,270 

714 

70,053 

143 
33,309 
HA 
NA 
HA 
HA 



42,184 

4,052 

503 

NA 

NA 

3,549 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
HA 



9,522 
5,252 
4,270 

5,298 
5,826 

6,583 
3,886 

2,468 

1,289 

2,507 
642 

111 
HA 



4,613,175 
109.4 

19,547 
253,979 

92,838 
161,141 

302,446 
475,021 

731,917 

608,403 

486,669 
306,898 

841,968 
412,313 

174,014 
NA 

NA 



39,882 
1,315,562 

3,292 
10,792 

8,782 
93,878 

4,803 
39,320 

3,979 
54,558 

5,057 

98,422 

5,628 

153,652 

6,401 

228,092 

3,795 

176,087 

2,428 

132,643 

1,273 

82,207 

2,480 

203,374 

635 

82,135 

111 
54,280 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 



38,980 

2,909 

242 

NA 
NA 

2,667 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

8,425 
4,394 
4,031 

5,065 
5,963 

6,802 
3,904 

2,251 

1,129 

2,051 
393 



4,223,297 
108.3 



231,201 
78,368 
152,833 

290,328 
486,486 

761,439 
611,208 

443,206 
268,370 

678,295 
243,835 

194,048 



NA 



36,964 
,146,613 
2,340 
7,222 
7,765 

80,913 
3,976 

29,987 
3,789 

50,926 

4,833 

92,810 

5,754 

155,601 

6,633 
233,991 

3,825 
172,354 

2,213 

118,839 

1,110 

68,717 

2,016 

150,243 

388 

39,636 

87 

26,287 

NA 



41,907 

2,056 

128 

NA 
NA 

1,928 
HA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

8,608 
4,372 
4,236 

5,559 
6,564 

7,722 
4,507 

2,720 

1,320 

2,316 

444 

91 
NA 



4,721,842 
112.7 

11,309 
239,768 

78,867 
160,901 

319,101 
535,393 

864,874 
703,541 

535,554 
313,950 

766,359 
278,954 

153,039 
HA 



41,415 
,386,025 

HA 
7,300 

NA 
99,570 

NA 
37,594 

NA 
61,976 

HA 
115,308 

HA 
186,527 

HA 
288,244 

NA 
211,637 

NA 

150,339 

NA 

83,191 

NA 

179,481 

NA 

47,719 

HA 
16,709 
NA 
HA 
NA 
HA 



39,006 

1,771 

218 

NA 

NA 

1,553 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

6,947 

NA 
NA 

11,227 



2,331 
454 



4,639,938 
119.0 

9,278 
199,806 

NA 
NA 

798,573 



770,951 
283,178 

162,996 
NA 
NA 



38,214 

1,304,014 

HA 

5,812 

NA 

81,052 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

3 275,300 

NA 

NA 

NA 

*707,617 

HA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

174,677 

NA 

46,494 

NA 
13,062 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



1. 



50,033 
2,846 



NA 

2,785 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

11,004 
NA 
HA 



18,789 



2,199 
374 



5,161,428 
103.2 



15,450 
305,126 



727,172 
228,783 



HA 

1,605,576 

HA 

11,353 

NA 

138,890 

HA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

3 380,409 

NA 

HA 

HA 
'847,780 





NA 


71 


703 




NA 


38 


169 




NA 


17 


272 




NA 




NA 




HA 




MA 



48,227 

2,118 

121 

NA 

NA 

1,997 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

9,175 
HA 
NA 



19,654 



2,454 
459 



90 
NA 



5,425,968 
112.5 

11,460 

260,094 

HA 

HA 



810,619 

282,488 

161,013 
NA 
HA 



NA 
,530,027 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
HA 
NA 
HA 

HA 
NA 
NA 
HA 

NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



MAINE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959-Continued 

[Data for 1959 mid 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct.. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Land in farms according to use '-Continued 

Cropland, total farms reporting 

acres 

Under 10 acres farms reporting 

acres 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

acres 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

acres 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

acres 

180 to 219 acres forms reporting 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

1.000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 

acres 
I )nder 10 acres farms report! ng 

acres 
10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

acres 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

acres 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

acres 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

acres 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 
Under 10 acres farms reporting 

acres 
10 to 49 acres farms reportinp 

acres 
50 to 69 acres .farms reporting 

acres 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

acres 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

acres 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting 

acre.. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 



16,259 

1,097,228 

400 

1,350 

2,389 

35,458 

1,500 

37,744 

1,987 
67,933 

2,626 
125,178 

1,823 
110,874 

1,413 

111,337 

870 

81,960 

2,290 

288,344 

757 

161,013 

204 

76,037 

157 

45,233 

47 

30,804 

11,528 

477,251 

160 

590 

1,329 

13,729 

1,022 

18,329 

1,401 
34,699 

1,886 
52,090 

1,332 
48,662 

1,082 

51,630 

705 

37,825 

1,841 

120,807 

618 

65,887 

152 

33,003 

119 

23,132 

33 

9,871 

124 
1,549 

20 
20 
25 
80 
10 
70 

10 

210 

6 

130 

5 

100 

10 
25 



20 
570 

10 

70 

8 

274 

6 

144 

2 

130 



22,414 

1,272,350 

1,002 

3,616 

3,604 

53,488 
2,309 

60,142 

2,950 
105,181 

3,579 
173,832 

2,538 
155,554 

1,803 

132,603 

1,144 

99,438 

2,537 
284,487 

753 

134,706 

195 

69,303 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

16,577 

719,797 

432 

1,281 

2,062 

23,306 

1,589 

30,955 

2,185 
55,286 

2,763 
89,545 

2,067 
86,411 

1,520 

79,131 

985 

55,019 

2,191 

165,072 

619 

80,699 

164 

53,092 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

87 
1,097 



6 
36 

2 

17 

17 

235 

6 
238 
3 
101 
NA 
NA 



29,268 

1,429,696 

1,230 

4,710 

5,095 

69,910 
3,278 

81,060 

4,343 
140,624 

4,988 
215,582 

3,202 
182,710 

2,242 

146,240 

1,257 

112,773 

2,772 

299,958 

714 

115,632 

147 

60,497 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

21,526 

867,453 

465 

1,420 

2,965 

34,595 

2,222 

45,420 

3,186 

75,910 
3,937 

132,950 
2,672 

114,985 

1,887 
101,592 

1,071 
66,341 

2,387 
186,594 

606 

71,367 

128 

36,279 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

188 
3,795 



15 

45 

16 

125 

20 
665 

30 
200 

20 
480 

10 

635 

5 

5 

55 

735 

10 
535 
7 
370 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



41,067 

1,489,789 

3,524 

12,091 

9,209 

105,908 

5,207 

110,965 

5,764 
172,452 

6,523 
254,864 

3,857 
199,824 

2,452 

149,635 

1,282 

93,229 

2,497 

233,383 

641 

94,715 

111 

62,723 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

28,088 

1,124,617 

690 

1,876 

4,785 

58,110 

3,505 

78,451 

4,332 
125,963 

5,250 
194,749 

3,286 
157,502 

2,171 
126,362 

1,157 
72,154 

2,246 
192,808 

566 

81,684 

100 

34,958 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

3 
100 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



38,237 

1,589,362 

NA 

9,445 

NA 

112,692 

NA 

129,431 

NA 
212,859 

NA 
319,260 

HA 
234,161 

NA 

163,462 

NA 

94,782 

NA 

214,102 

NA 

60,632 
NA 

38,536 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



33 
143 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

1,631,928 

NA 

8,110 

NA 

116,318 

NA 

133,184 

NA 
216,288 

NA 
334,772 

NA 
246,139 

NA 
176,234 



218,133 
NA 

60,135 
NA 

23,549 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
1,569,710 



NA 
1,661,030 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
1,637,536 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

1,839,283 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
HA 
NA 

NA 
1,751,785 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
HA 
HA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
HA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



1 FoT the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, in the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 2 Total acreage of crops for which 
, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 3 50 to 99 acres. 
*10O to 259 acres. 'Not fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. 



NA Not available, 
figures are available 



See text. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1954 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 

(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 

(January 1) 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 

All farm operators number . . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Proportion of tenancy percent. . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

All land in farms acres.. 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres.. 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

All cropland harvested acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants. acres . . 

ALL WHITE FARM OPERATORS 

White farm operators number . . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Proportion or tenancy percent. . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number. . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers. acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspeci fied tenants acres . . 

Cropland harvested acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers. acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

ALL NONWHITE FARM OPERATORS 

Nonwtiite (arm operators number . . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

Alltenants number.. 

Proportion of tenancy percent. . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . , 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

Cropland harvested acres . . 

Full owners acres . , 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Cash tenants acres . 

Share-cash tenants acres . 

Crop-share tenants acres . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . 

OOier and unspecified tenants acres . 



17,342 

13,759 

3,071 

159 

353 

2.0 

160 

6 

20 

5 

162 

3,077,852 

2,176,362 

811,079 

60,087 

30,324 

11,980 

280 

1,095 

1,250 

15,719 

707,155 

443,486 

237,362 

14,922 

11,385 

4,930 

260 

755 

1,000 

4,440 



17,327 

13,754 

3,066 

154 

353 

2.0 

160 

6 

20 

5 

162 

3,075,212 

2,175,827 

810,549 

58,512 

30,324 

11,980 

280 

1,095 

1,250 

15,719 

706,655 

443,386 

237, 102 

14,782 

11,385 

4,930 

260 

755 

1,000 

4,440 



2,640 
535 
530 

1,575 



500 
100 
260 
140 



23,371 
19,999 
2,823 
114 
435 
1.9 
145 

20 

5 

265 

3,625,946 

2,884,235 

645,532 

65,314 

30,865 

6,810 

1,275 

550 

22,230 

805,559 

613,165 

169,708 

13,906 

8,780 

1,555 

690 

150 

6,385 



23,371 
19,999 
2,823 
114 
435 
1.9 
145 

20 

5 

265 

3,625,946 

2,884,235 

645,532 

65,314 

30,865 

6,810 

1,275 

550 

22,230 

805,559 

613,165 

169,708 

13,906 

8,780 

1,555 

690 

150 

6,385 



30,358 

27, 180 

2,293 

102 

783 

2.6 

256 

10 

10 

13 

494 

4,181,613 

3,522,433 

510,400 

70,017 

78,763 

25,165 

864 

1,368 

2,086 

49,280 

932,028 

758,092 

137,492 

16,504 

19,940 

7,378 

310 

452 

611 

11,189 



30, 339 

27,163 

2,291 

102 

783 

2.6 

256 

10 

10 

13 

494 

4,179,720 

3,520,812 

510,128 

70,017 

78,763 

25, 165 

864 

1,368 

2,086 

49,280 

931,579 

757,784 

137,351 

16,504 

19,940 

7,378 

310 

452 

611 

11,189 



1,893 

1,621 

272 



449 
308 
141 



42,184 

38,736 

1,900 

211 

1,337 

3.2 

794 

5 

40 

498 

4,613,175 

4,065,650 

369,978 

71,307 

106,240 

59,097 

454 

3,817 

42,872 

1,315,562 

1,131,923 

125,346 

29,622 

28,671 

16,711 

246 

1,187 

10,527 



42,145 

38,698 

1,900 

210 

1,337 

3.2 

794 

5 

40 

498 

4,611,352 

4,063,912 

369,978 

71,222 

106, 240 

59,097 

454 

3,817 

42,872 

1,315,111 
1,131,472 
125,346 
29,622 
28,671 
16,711 
246 

1,187 

10,527 



1,823 
1,738 



451 
451 



38,980 

34,887 

1,363 

211 

2,519 

6.5 

1,700 

18 

43 

758 

4,223,297 

3,670,855 

243,603 

76,334 

232,505 

151,148 

1,976 

5,320 

74,061 

1,146,613 
988,223 
77,329 
16,448 
64,613 
44,460 
577 

2,030 

17,546 



38,962 

34,872 

1,363 

211 

2,516 

6.5 

1,697 

18 

43 

758 

4,222,528 
3,670,100 
243,603 
76,334 
232,491 
151,134 
1,976 

5,320 

74,061 

1,146,415 
988,027 
77,329 
16,448 
64,611 
44,458 
577 

2,030 

17,546 



769 
755 



198 
196 



41,907 

35,823 

2,889 

312 

2,883 

6.9 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,721,842 

3,997,578 

394,162 

71,042 

259,060 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,386,025 

1,155,404 

131,890 

22,863 

75,868 

NA 

NA 

NA 



41,893 

35,813 

2,888 

312 

2,880 

6.9 

NA 

NA 

NA 

HA 

4,720,716 

3,996,840 

393,962 

71,042 

258,872 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,385,692 

1,155,221 

131,814 

22,863 

75,794 

NA 

NA 

NA 



14 

10 
1 

3 

21.4 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,126 
738 
200 

188 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

333 

183 
76 

74 
NA 
NA 



39,006 

35,468 

1,280 

503 

1,755 

4.5 

1,329 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,639,938 
4,130,048 
207,955 
129,357 
172,578 
129,193 



NA 

1,304,014 
1,161,170 
62,247 
30,208 
50,389 
37,805 
NA 

NA 

NA 



38,989 

35,453 

1,279 

503 

1,754 

4.5 

1,328 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,638,933 
4,129,142 
207,936 
129,357 
172,498 
129,113 
NA 

NA 

NA 

1,303,612 
1,160,826 
62,241 
30,208 
50,337 
37,753 
NA 

NA 



15 
1 

1 

5.9 

1 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,005 
906 



NA 

NA 

NA 

402 
344 

6 

52 
52 

NA 



50,033 

47,249 

735 

350 

1,699 

3.4 

1,159 

NA 

NA 

NA 

5,161,428 
4,815,580 
120,867 
70,954 
154,027 
99,297 
NA 



NA 

1,605,576 
1,490,203 
39,289 
25,727 
50,357 
33,010 
NA 

NA 

NA 



48,227 

44,224 

1,213 

786 

2,004 

4.2 

l l,569 

11 

292 

132 

5,425,968 

4,908,915 

164,941 

145,793 

206,319 

'156,817 

996 

37,525 

10,981 

*1, 530,027 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 



48, H4 

44,211 

1,213 

786 

2,004 

4.2 

'1,569 

11 

292 

132 

5,425,015 

4,907,962 

164,941 

145,793 

206, 319 

'156,817 

996 

37,525 

10,981 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



13 
13 



953 
953 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 



NA Not available. 'For 1920, standing renters (renters paying a fixed quantity of products) were included with cash tenants. 2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are 
available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 



MAINE 

State Table 4.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR, AGE, RESIDENCE, AND OFF-FARM WORK; AND EQUIPMENT AND 

FACILITIES ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Dnta in italics ore based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARM OPERATORS 

By colw: 

White number . 

Negro number . 

Other nonuhito number. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 or more years operators reporting . 

Average age years . 

Operators not reporting age number . 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

By off-farm work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting . 

1 to 40 days operators reporting. 

50 to 90 days operators reporting . 

100 or more days operators reporting . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 or more days operators reporting. 

Operators not working off tfieir farm or not 
reporting as to work off their farm number. 

By other income: 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 

AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting . 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Tractors Tarms reporting . . 

number , . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . . 

1 u-nctor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting . . 

3 u-actors farms reporting . . 

4 u-actors farms reporting. . 

5 or more U-actors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Garden (/actors farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles and 'or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). . .farms reporting. . 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, 
or blower farms reporting, . 

Farms by kiod of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved fnnns reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road . . farms reporting . . 

1 or more miles lo a hard surface road. .. .farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting . . 

4 miles farms reporting . . 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



17,350 
9 

1 



tee 
t.rsi 
s.soo 
i,m 
3, sis 
s, ess 

51. S 

87 



16,022 
795 
543 



9,555 
1,635 
SOS 
7,017 
I, SIS 
6.79S 



7,7S7 



e,315 



i.oes 

1,077 

is 
i8 

3, OSS 
3,137 
SOS 
837 
11,617 
(7, 31i 

15, S17 
SO, iC7 
11.0S1 

17, 793 

e.eof 
s.ois 
i.oso 

SS9 
151 

10, 766 

16, SS9 
l.SiS 
1,50!, 

I,5i8 
l,67i 

li, 355 

17, SOS 
16, S31 
li, SSI 

9,1SS 

i, 307 

i,315 

S73 



IS, (161, 
S, 736 
S,350 
I, It! 
1,115 
666 
367 

a 

61 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



23,356 
10 
2 



1S1 

l.iSi 
i, 909 
5,675 
6,179 

i.esi 

61. S 

HI 



21,992 
998 
378 



13, 70S 
I, SS7 
1,091 
9,790 
1,706 
8,08! 



1,107 

1,116 

13 

13 

1, 7S6 

l.SIS 

US 

i73 

13, 550 

IS, SS7 

13, ill 

15, 93S 
It, 131 

16, S00 

S,Si7 

l,6S7 

669 

166 

63 

11, 031 

16, OSi 

66S 

716 

1,061 
1.13S 

17,616 
II, 7St 
II, OSS 
16, SSI 
S, 100 

5,091 



1950 
(April 1) 



30,339 
17 
2 



365 
3,636 
6,105 
6,930 
6,537 
S,7St 
61. i 

i, m 



28,248 

1,426 

684 



16, 93i 
3,196 
1.S06 

11,633 
I.75S 
9,07 i 



13,SiS 



616 
630 
IS 
IS 
6Si 
SU 
HA 
NA 
li.SSi 

15, 1S7 

Jf, 79i 

16, 66S 
11,611 
li,S6i 

9.13S 
1,817 



11, m 

li, ISO 

6S3 

70i 

1,718 
1,811 

IS, 87S 
13, S37 
IS, 005 
IS, i67 
i,l5S 

4,770 
NA 
NA 



17,869 
3.S5S 
7,588 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



1945 
(January 1) 



42,145 
39 



442 
4,247 
8,231 
10,092 
9,132 
9,390 
52.5 
650 



38,775 

2,860 

549 



18,746 
1,714 
1,374 

15,658 
2,957 

12,701 



23,438 



101 
ISi 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
15,229 
17,849 

12,937 

14,794 

l 12,937 

13, 113 

'11,490 
'1,209 



NA 

It, 766 
NA 
i57 

NA 
l,7i5 

27,223 
30,095 
32,119 
22,642 
NA 

3,091 
NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 

NA 

6 35,848 

6 4,853 

6 4,484 

369 



1940 
(April 1) 



38,962 

13 

5 



474 
3,651 
6,772 
8,803 
8,727 
8,669 
53.0 
1,884 



34,939 
2,211 
1,830 



18,038 
3,988 
2,469 

11,581 
4,499 
7,082 



20,942 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
11,698 
13,118 

7,516 

8,093 

NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 

MA 

NA 
NA 

22,701 
25,540 

NA 
17,105 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



15,615 

5,930 

15,968 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



1935 
(January 1) 



19,602 
6,392 
3,704 
9,506 
4,585 
4,921 



22,305 



1930 
(April 1) 



38,989 
15 
2 



489 
3,730 
7,166 
9,023 
8,893 
7,634 
NA 
2,071 



19,253 
5,864 
3,024 

10,365 
4,416 
5,949 



19,753 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
9,879 
10,781 

3,214 

3,410 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

23,015 
26,227 

NA 
22,189 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



2 3,493 
'12,689 
20,875 



1925 
(January 1) 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

1,684 

1,774 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



3 1,800 
=14,155 
33,226 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



1920 
(January 1) 



NA Not available- 

'Figures for 1945 are for all tractors. 

2 Concrete, brick, asphalt, and macadam. 

3 Cancrete or brick and macadam. Asphalt was not included. 

Includes sand- clay. 
'Gravel. 
6 Distance to all-weather rood. See text. 



8 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 5.-SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data in italics are based on reports for only a sample of forms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 

(April 1) 



1945 

(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 

(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 1 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Forms classified by amount of expendilure- 

$1 to 5199 farms reporting . . 

$200 to$499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 ormore farms reporting.. 

Hired labor 3 farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 
Si to $199 farms reporting . . 

$200 toS499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

510,000 to $19,999 farms reporting . . 

$20,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 

for the farm business farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilising 

materials farms reporting . . 

tons . . 
dollars . . 

Lime and liming materials farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
dollars.. 

FARM LABOR 

Farm workers for specified week:' 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Average per Tarm reporting persons . . 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 
Workers hired by month farms reporting . 

persons . 
Workers hired by week farms reporting . 

persons. 
Workers hired by day farms reporting 

persons. 

Workers hired by hour farms reporting . 

persons . 
Workers hired on piece-work basis . . farms reporting. 

persons . 
No report as to basis of payment farms reporting . 

persons . 

Regular hired workers (employed 

150 or more days) farms reporting . 

persons. 
Farms reporting by number of regular 

hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

Farms by kind of workers during specified week: 

No workers reported farms . 

Family workers only farms . 

Operator only farms. 

Operator and members of his family farms . 

Members of operator's family only farms. 

Family workers and hired workers farms . 

Operator and hired workers farms . 

Operator, members of his family, and hired 
workers farms . 

Members of operator's family and hired workers . . . .farms . 

Hired workers only farms . 

Regular farm workers only farms . 

Seasonal farm workers only farms . 



13,493 

50, 730, 406 

6,759 

10, 905, SOS 

5,407 

1.133. 397 

3,781 

1.14S 

357 

94 

SB 



8,484 
£1, 735, 346 

£,054 

1,3££ 

941 

1,686 

1,346 

63* 

361 

146 



16, 105 

5, 584, 485 

5,864 

I, 317, 778 

7,419 
16t, 116 



4,689 

68, 554 
NA 



16, 018 

£9,467 

t.O 

14, 760 

to, 440 

14, £64 

4,71£ 
6, 186 

3,318 

9,017 

£6£ 

348 

1,955 

3,349 

468 

891 

966 
£,£60 

£36 
£,169 



1,137 

4,054 


1,61* 

447 
tes 
69 

ss 


1, 501 
4,953 


t.sti 

11,699 

8,00i 

3, tie 

MS 


s, oei 
t,oa 


960 
57 
U» 
179 

43 



IS, 300 

37, 730, 381 

NA 

NA 

8,61,8 

1, 111, 98i 



NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

10, 308 

18, 77i, 335 

3,088 

1,813 

1,811 

1,931 

1,119 

61,1 

186 

7(1 



IS, 869 

5, 319, 168 

NA 

NA 

10, 601 
169, 870 
10, 138, 765 
3,609 
1,0, 61,3 
HO, 370 



11, 086 
76, 811 
3.6 
10, 781, 
SO, 001 
10, I9i 

6.749 
9,708 

6.8U 

1,6, 819 

i3i 

697 

1,119 

4.5/5 

1,907 

6,110 

1,161 
3,995 
1,786 
31, 60t 



t,731 
4,977 



1,761 
511 
165 
161 

3t 

I,, 571, 

1,0, Sit 

1,185 
15, HI 
10, 546 

I,, 178 
HP 

5, Sit 
3, 389 



301 
NA 
NA 



11, 101 

17, 8t5, 611 

13, 457 

5, 405, 837 

10, 793 

1, 447, 101 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
MA 



H.U6 
S3, 578, 301 



l,98i 
t,S10 
1,957 
t,t36 

t,659 



16, 956 
, 109, Sti 

17, tl3 
, 737, 768 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



•3,440 
39, 618 
1.7 
It, 871 
30, 475 
tl, 68i 

6,6tt 
8,786 

4.M4 
9,158 
671 
873 
f, 094 
3,996 
1,170 
1,580 

613 

1,138 

16i 

3t6 

70 

us 



.1, 399 

5,944 



I, IV 

616 

330 

no 
ss 

1,1,93 
3, Hi 

6,918 
19, S06 
13, 67 i 
4,508 
l.Oli 

3,666 
1,575 

957 
163 
569 
NA 



30,074 

20,598,637 

H, 131 

S, 861, 199 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

17,955 
18,516,069 

8,634 
2,828 
2,027 
2,481 

1,985 



NA 

IS, 6Si 

4, 933, 119 



9, 47f, 377 
6,189 



30,644 
41,745 
1.3 
30,396 
37,319 
29,718 

5,832 
7,601 

2,707 
4,426 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

11,540 
27,937 
22,654 
4,641 
642 

2,459 
1,910 

513 
36 

248 
NA 

NA 



27,266 

9,197,926 

»A 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

15,765 
5,958,852 



16,996 
1,647,260 

NA 
NA 

21,589 

147,410 

5,186,780 

7,474 

37,511 

200,660 



32,658 
53,586 
1.6 
30,999 
44,476 
NA 

NA 
NA 

5,099 
9,110 
2,554 
3,420 
s 2,610 
'4,469 
( 5 ) 
(') 

6 424 

6 1,221 
{<■) 
( 6 ) 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

6,322 

27,559 

NA 

NA 
NA 

3,440 
NA 

NA 

NA 

1,659 

NA 

NA 



40 


644 


63 


916 




1.5 


39 


636 


52 


476 




NA 




NA 




NA 


7 


,914 


11 


,440 




NA 




HA 




NA 




NA 




NA 




NA 



1,263 

32,730 
NA 



6,906 

NA 



NA 

1,008 

NA 



30,493 
11,497,733 



22,795 
9,042,533 

HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


23,865 


NA 


170,950 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



37,257 
11,907,509 



23,641 

6,799,791 



NA Not available. 1 For Censuses of 1959 and 1954, expenditures during Census year; for earlier Censuses, expenditures during the preceding calendar year. Cash payments for 
farm labor; housework not Included. For 1959, 1954, .1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and labor included in 
cost of machine hire. For 1920, the value of board furnished was included. 3 Census of 1959, week preceding the enumeration; Census of 1954, week of September 26-0ctober 2. 
Census of 1950, week preceding enumeration; Censuses of 1945 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. ^See text for differences in definition of farm 
workers. 'Separate data not available by day or week. 6 Separate data not available for workers hired by the hour or piece-work basis. Cjiestionnaire called for other hired 
labor including piecework and contract labor. 



MAINE 
State Table 6.-LIVEST0CK AND POULTRY ON FARMS, NUMBER AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



[Data for number of livestock not fully comparable for the several Censuses, See text J 



Item 


see text) 


Census of*— 


(For definitions and explanations 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


' 1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Total value of specified classes of 




37,638,175 


28,535,131 


30,392,754 


27,722,632 


16,860,707 


15,973,088 


25,985,104 


24,018,243 


39,646,087 




.farms reporting . . . 


10,500 


16,677 


20,078 


26,845 


28,021 


34,911 


30,746 


NA 


41,239 




number . . . 


186,216 


227, 523 


204,875 


230,894 


215,883 


245,010 


257,048 


236,446 


300,747 




value, dollars. . . 


28,142,577 


19,849,281 


23,551,343 


17,593,294 


9,393,739 


7,010,522 


15,287,798 


10,199,162 


18,270,810 


Cows, including heifers that have calved . 


.farms reporting. . . 


9,536 


15,412 


19,193 


25,898 


27,153 


34,380 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


97,189 


115,655 


107,702 


140,255 


138,206 


158;444 


129,906 


158,260 


182,517 




value, dollars. . . 


20,992,824 


14,919,495 


18,841,886 


14,499,033 


7,581,456 


6,020,872 


11,069,690 


8,158,295 


13,400,170 




.farms reporting. . . 


8,926 


14,820 


18,337 


NA 


26,988 


NA 


28,951 


37,671 


39,346 




number. . . 


89,290 


106,513 


101,861 


NA 


132,160 


NA 


124,952 


151,277 


175,425 




value, dollars . . . 


19,822,380 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7,312,710 


NA 


10,713,246 


7,866,404 


12,847,993 




.farms reporting . . . 


8,408 


13,079 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


72,367 


88,735 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars. . . 


5,716,993 


3,726,870 


NA 


NA 


SA_ 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Steers and bulls, including steer 


.farms reporting. . . 


5,979 


9,048 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


16,660 


23,133 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars . . . 


1,432,760 


1,202,916 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


3,853 


6,681 


11,767 


NA 


19,475 


26,502 


27,704 


37,374 


NA 




number. . . 


7,730 


12,344 


21,641 


34,152 


37,651 


52,033 


61,482 


82,664 


94,794 




value, dollars. . . 


1,120,850 


1,320,808 


2,111,871 


5,189,997 


5,436,804 


7,025,627 


7,502,332 


9,841,346 


16,051,017 




.farms reporting. . . 


NA 


NA 


11,670 


17,945 


19,410 


26,390 


NA 


NA 


40,238 




number . . . 


NA 


NA 


21,408 


34,016 


37,464 


51,744 


60,958 


82,096 


94,350 




value, dollars. . . 


NA 


NA 


2,091,919 


5,171,085 


5,411,372 


6,995,454 


7,444,870 


9,783,485 


15,980,681 




.farms reporting. . . 


NA 


NA 


150 


93 


126 


186 


NA 


NA 


264 




number. . . 


NA 


NA 


233 


136 


187 


289 


524 


568 


444 




value, dollars . . . 


NA 


NA 


19,952 


18,912 


25,432 


30,173 


57,462 


57,861 


70,336 




. .farms reporting. . . 


4,134 


6,371 


6,293 


12,034 


10,714 


15,168 


12,166 


18,057 


27,996 




number. . . 


24,646 


28,427 


27,815 


44,565 


34,780 


44,340 


45,712 


54,435 


91,204 




value, dollars. . . 


600,902 


801,355 


664,064 


768,062 


420,257 


376,890 


694,209 


810,497 


1,938,125 




. .farms reporting . . . 


1,701 


2,810 


1,859 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,937 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


12,518 


13,429 


8,731 


NA 


NA 


NA 


11,546 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars. . . 


212,806 


201,435 


113,330 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. .farms reporting. . . 


2,950 


4,331 


5,168 


NA 


10,714 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


12,128 


14»998 


19,084 


NA 


34,780 


NA 


34,166 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars. . . 


388,096 


599^20 


550,734 


NA 


420,257 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. .farms reporting. . . 


1,627 


1,748 


1,434 


2,684 


3,043 


4,793 


5,489 


5,717 


8,829 




number. . . 


40,615 


33,482 


23,068 


35,906 


38,517 


58,776 


99,782 


84,680 


119,471 




value, dollars .. . 


595,928 


449,889 


287,771 


335,575 


210,152 


202,777 


752,986 


697,226 


1,191,780 






1,182 


1,317 


763 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


5,169 




number. . . 


13,381 


10,552 


6,530 


NA 


NA 


NA 


23,344 


17,021 


23,660 




value, dollars. . . 


200,715 


137,176 


60,969 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


202,985 






1,466 


1,540 


1,364 


NA 


3,043 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number. . . 


27,234 


22,930 


16,538 


NA 


38,517 


NA 


76,438 


67,659 


95,811 




value, dollars . . . 


395,213 


312,713 


226,802 


NA 


210,152 


NA 


638,995 


NA 


988,795 






1,402 


1,472 


1,313 


2,123 


2,497 


4,237 


NA 


NA 


8,051 




number . . . 


25,243 


20,841 


14,827 


27,786 


32,553 


45,277 


70,678 


65,182 


K ,049 




value, dollars. . . 


353,402 


270,933 


200,403 


236,922 


. 179,894 


156,206 


586,571 


NA 


912,417 






940 
1,991 


850 
2,089 


750 
1,711 


NA 
NA 


NA 
5,964 


NA 
NA 


NA 
5,760 


NA 
2,477 


NA 




number. . - 


5,762 




value, dollars . . . 


41,811 


41,780 


26,399 


NA 


30,258 


NA 


52,424 


NA 


76,378 






5,773 


10,074 


13,670 


21,473 


20,127 


27,619 


27,342 


37,168 


38,464 




number . . . 


4,480,993 


3,556,980 


2,410,259 


2,183,933 


1,542,092 


1,518,665 


1,451,035 


1,900,008 


1,403,284 




value, dollars. . . 


7,169,589 


6,046,866 


3,762,786 


3,835,704 


1,387,886 


1,336,425 


1,747,779 


2,470,012 


2,178,964 






32 


109 


143 


NA 


429 


813 


NA 


NA 


600 




number. . . 


1,322 


15,011 


2,970 


NA 


5,160 


6,949 


NA 


NA 


3,531 




value, dollars . . . 


8,329 


66,932 


14,919 


NA 


11,869 


20,847 


NA 


NA 


15,391 



NA Not available. 



10 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 7.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

I Dam for 1969 for livestock sold olive and dairy products sold are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Value of sales of livestock and/or livestock products 
including poultry and poultry products dollars .. . 

Any livestock sold alive (cattle, horses 

and mules, hogs, and sheep) farms reporting. . . 

value of sales, dollars . . . 
Livestock produces other than poultry 

and poultry products value of sales, dollars . . . 

Poultry and poultry products farms reporting . . . 

value of sales, dollars . . . 

LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 

Cattle and or calves sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Cattle, not counting calves farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Calves farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Horses and/or mules sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 

Sheep and/or lambs shorn farms reporting. 

number shorn . 
pounds of wool . 
value, dollars . 

Lambs shorn farms reporting. 

number shorn . 
pounds of wool . 

Other sheep shorn farms reporting . 

number shorn . 
pounds of wool . 

LITTERS FARROWED 

Litters farrowed, December 1, previous year 

to November 30, Census year farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. 

number of litters . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD 

Chickens sold farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Broilers sold farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Other chickens sold farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 
dollars 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, and miscellaneous 
poultry and their eggs sold farms reporting 

dollars 
Turkeys raised. farms reporting 

number 
Ducks sold farms reporting 

number 
Geese sold farms reporting 

number 
Guineas sold farms reporting 

number 

DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Any whole milk or cream sold farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Average sales per farm reporting dollars . . 

Milk sold as whole milk farms reporting.. 

pounds . . 
dollars . . 

Cream sold farms reporting. . 

pounds of buuerfat . . 
dollars . . 

Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, and 

cheese sold .farms reporting. . 

dollars 



100,836,233 



8,805 
6,964,528 

32,188,021 

4,657 
61,683,684 



7,741 

82,972 

.5,674,030 

5,034 

25,662 

■4,254,331 

6,300 

57,310 

1,419,699 

570 

1,454 

221,115 

858 

24,130 

820,420 

913 

19,151 

248,963 



1,328 

28,078 

200,460 

98,224 

73 

689 

3,617 

1,314 

27,389 

196,843 



629 
4,497 

472 
2,110 

445 
2,387 



3,459 
54,052,943 
36,010,132 

1,102 
49,863,080 
32,909,633 

2,537 
4, 189, 863 
3,100,499 

3,173 
51,686,216 
25,326,246 



167 

347,306 

166 

83,673 

135 

1,095 

108 

1,045 

4 

34 



4,868 
32,089,797 

6,592 

4,591 

635,450,409 
31,892,097 

429 
295, 870 
197,700 



10,575 
5,163,535 



6,692 
41,123,496 



9,707 

90,633 

4,285,243 

7,043 

34,364 

3,385,234 

7,886 

56,269 

900,009 

420 

1,291 

122,561 

1,379 

20,490 

567,392 

865 

14,390 

188,339 



1,315 

23,574 

159,341 

84,451 

m 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



857 
4,521 

531 
2,111 

590 
2,410 



4,346 

27,057,993 

24,336,188 

885 

24,275,524 

21,319,196 

3,552 

2,782,469 

3,016,992 

4,672 

33,586,321 

15,318,267 



439 
1,469,041 

567 
343,635 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



7,102 
24,339,434 

3,427 

5,823 

518,664,765 

23,929,051 

1,279 
661,056 
410,383 

NA 
NA 



55,384,241 

14,285 
6,740,760 

22,461,843 

9,218 
26,181,638 



12,785 

83,886 

5,735,067 

9,101 

35,875 

4,811,646 

9,263 

48,011 

923,421 

1,239 

3,068 

210,989 

3,013 

28,292 

637, 100 

850 

10,982 

157,604 



1,207 

16,304 

104,503 

43,047 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
1,551 
4,589 



6,669 

9,232,450 

12,132,098 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

7,441 

25,069,237 

13,619,857 



414 
429,683 

391 
61,112 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



'10,093 
'22,070, 916 

'2,187 

7,366 

409,849,973 

21,119,674 

1,296 

607,011 
414,368 



2,769 
536,874 



34,839,782 

NA 
21,474,485 



12,957 
13,365,297 



13,366 

67,233 

2,475,967 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,366 

38,513 

661,762 

1,120 

14, 810 

112,897 



2,122 

NA 

184,990 

81,021 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 

266 

36,420 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



'12,762 
'16,826,837 

'1,319 

7,828 
384,515,605 
2 15,425,728 

1,259 
742,362 
2 446,575 

'4,730 
a 954,534 



18,031,220 

NA 
12,331,272 



13,640 
5,699,948 



13,381 

75,597 

2,198,771 

10,087 

38,460 

1,837,708 

7,611 

37,137 

361,063 

NA 

NA 

NA 

3,899 

31,594 

393,733 

1,388 

17,153 

87,780 



2,592 

35,375 

222,188 

53,323 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


2,281 


2,279 


6,341 


5,330 


NA 


8,777 


NA 


2,522,546 


NA 


2,304,057 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA 

NA 
382 
35,816 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



'17,586 
'9,192,067 

'523 

9,548 
302,279,671 
2 7, 751, 281 

2,463 

1,804,065 
2 572, 784 



4,372 

56,520 

345,437 

86,359 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



4,774 

72,776 

445,283 

173,469 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



NA 

72,421 
459,152 
174,478 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



3 8,544 
2 868,O02 



NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


3,129 




1,953 


NA 


6,358 




4,286 


7,353 


HA 




14,457 


NA 


NA 


1 


845,441 


NA 


NA 


2 


614,373 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




19,111 


NA 


NA 


10 


207,795 


NA 


NA 


4 


309,351 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




948 


NA 


NA 




25,841 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




'22,891 


NA 


NA 


'12 


527,189 


NA 


NA 




'547 


NA 


NA 




10,089 


NA 


NA 


241 


314,787 


157,283,508 


NA 


7 


134, 849 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


2 


685,423 


NA 


NA 




3 13, 103 


NA 


NA 


>2 


706, 917 


NA 



HA Not available. 
1 A11 dairy products Gold. 

a Publlahed values for 1945 and 1940 were computed on the basis of average prices, 
products sold. 
3 Butter sold. 



For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal the enumerated value of all dairy 



MAINE 11 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS; 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farms ■ ■ .number. ■ 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Total value of crops harvested, 
including horticultural specialties 
and forest products dollars . . 

Total value of crops sold, including 
horticultural specialties and 
forest products dollars . . 

Corn: 

Com for all purposes farms reporting*. 

acres. . 

value, dollars.. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres., 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels., 
dollars.. 

Cut for silage farms reporting.. 

acres., 
tons, green weight. . 

Hogged or grazed, or cut for 
green or dry fodder. . ..farms reporting., 
acres. . 

Small grains harvested: 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting.. 

bushels., 
dollars . . 

Oats farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 
dollars.. 

Barley farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 
dollars.. 

Rye farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels.. 

value, dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 
dollars . . 

Buckwheat farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 
dollars . . 

Other grains farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels. . 
value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting.. 

bushels., 
dollars . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



17,360 

15,195 

698,188 



90,992,448 



70,482,091 



1,126 

9,016 

936,733 

57 

198 

9,388 

4 
1,540 
2,541 

987 

8,519 

95,116 

94 
299 

36 

355 

8,453 

16,061 

12 

6,458 

12,270 

2,483 

51,811 

2,350,822 

1,528,034 

_ 1,453 

1,525,089 

991,308 

46 

374 

13,605 

14,285 



4,446 
4,668 

42 

296 

5,175 

5,951 

18 
2,070 
2,381 

172 

791 

13,347 

12,680 

78 
6,959 
6,611 

17 
113 

3,257 
2,931 

1 
130 
117 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



23,368 

20,260 

795,710 



1,794 
10,823 
530,205 

111 

454 

17,150 

8 

815 

1,507 

1,525 

9,634 

77,567 



209 
735 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

3,997 

74,779 
2,429,555 
2,016,531 

1,815 
1,313,385 

1,090,109 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



7,287 

151,136 
201,444 



54,083 
73,476 



1950 
(April 1) 



30,358 

27,880 

932,028 



102,493,028 

70,130,660 

2,418 

10,775 

950,484 

512 

1,282 

53,716 

'172 
13,317 
'30,887 

1,749 

8,808 

91,533 



291 
685 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

5,112 

71,268 

2,807, 378 

2,171,719 

1,735 

1,005,356 
NA 

893 

5,453 

158,062 

199,553 

129 

26,697 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

695 

3,724 

78,685 

102,291 

115 
13,983 

NA 

NA 
7,484 

216,577 
216,577 

NA 

41,021 

NA 



1945 
(January 1) 



42,184 

39,882 

1,315,562 



102,570,577 

61,557,058 

2,702 
9,761 

649,891 

909 
1,929 

72,521 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 



NA 

1,138 

24,161 

40,556 

NA 
NA 
NA 

6,307 

74,742 

2,820,748 

2,377,931 

NA 
NA 
NA 

377 

1,989 

62,633 

70,017 

NA 
NA 
NA 

31 

168 

2,473 

3,339 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
1,575 



60,819 
56,805 



1940 
(April 1) 



38,980 

36,964 

1,146,613 



41,537,578 



5,652 
17,169 
649,358 

2,510 
5,000 

206,886 

NA 
NA 
NA 

1,875 
8,206 
90,021 



1,931 
3,963 



509 

1,544 

28,756 

35,556 

NA 
NA 
NA 

8,756 

93,601 

3,358,212 

1,530,813 

NA 
NA 
NA 



3,794 
94,855 
66,328 

NA 
NA 
NA 

32 

304 

3,582 

2,865 

NA 
NA 
NA 

1,383 

6,815 

81,287 

63,403 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
1,796 

68,657 
36,609 



1935 

(January 1) 



41,907 

41,415 

1,386,025 



NA 


52,407,692 


5,272 


4,281 


12,887 


12,294 


NA 


NA 


2,225 


810 


3,436 


1,574 


121,720 


63,393 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,883 


NA 


7,209 


NA 


66,957 



2,154 

6,436 

146,881 

212,977 

NA 
NA 
NA 

9,534 

99,776 
3,956,910 
2,018,024 

NA 
NA 

NA 

971 

3,910 

118,697 

86,649 

NA 
NA 

NA 

11 

69 

1,092 

874 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



1,678 

62,285 
37,371 



1930 
(April 1) 



39,006 

38,214 

1,304,014 



3,511 

554 

1,705 

39,474 

63,705 

NA 
NA 

NA 

9,653 

104,121 
3,942,774 
2,721,222 

NA 
NA 
NA 

672 
2,472 
73,336 
68,182 

NA 
NA 
NA 

31 

96 

1,599 

1,599 

NA 
NA 
NA 

2,747 

11,344 

229,714 

204,870 

NA 



NA 

2,283 

84,967 
71,371 



1925 

(January 1) 



50,033 

NA 

1,605,576 



4,215 

11,329 

NA 

935 
1,390 
55,132 

NA 
NA 

NA 

2,267 

7,350 

80,126 



NA 
2,589 



NA 

3,506 

78,707 

147,830 

NA 
NA 
NA 

12,193 

103,898 

3,938,124 

2,677,925 

NA 
NA 

NA 

611 
1,837 
53,789 
58,632 

NA 
NA 
NA 

48 

134 

2,967 

4,453 

NA 

NA 
NA 

3,361 

12,447 

295,848 

278,099 

NA 

NA 
NA 



1920 
(January 1) 



48,227 

NA 

2 1, 530,027 



NA 
NA 
NA 

4,214 

6,965 

288,281 

85 
6,789 
11,881 

NA 
NA 
NA 



'3,302 
'6,255 



4,961 

14,464 

261,185 

613,785 

NA 
NA 
NA 

18,337 

116,691 

3,600,617 

3,780,648 

832 

157,308 
166,746 

1,629 
4,358 

104,912 
183,597 

49 
11,008 
19,264 

133 

272 

4,673 

9,346 

NA 
NA 
NA 

4,788 
14,364 
315,327 
520,291 

NA 
NA 

NA 



2,851 
4,345 



NA 

NA 



12 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS:' CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct—Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 

(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
( January 1 ) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Hay crops (see text): 

Land from which hay was cut 5 acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating., .farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tans, 
dollars . 

Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures 
of clover and grasses 
cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

dollars. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, do l lars. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars . 

Grass 6llage made from grasses, 
alfalfa, clover, or 
small grains farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons, green weight. 

value, dollars. 

Field seed crops harvested: 

Millet seed farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Red clover seed farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars. 

Timothy seed farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

sales dollars . 

Other field seeds acres . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



451,067 

389 

5,585 

10,226 

347,684 

46 

746 
25,364 



9,141 

325,068 

422,770 

10,357,865 

2,478 

70,663 

1,731,248 

667 

4,550 

7,398 

166,455 

47 

666 

14,989 

4,091 

104,092 

103,545 

2,174,445 

1,339 

20,732 

435,372 



585 

11,772 

63,939 

607,421 

17 

57 

22,825 

2,283 

1,599 

27 

190 

15,567 

3,736 

1,868 

37 

246 

33,648 

4,374 

2,692 

19 

74 



513,188 

528 

10,346 

13,321 

532,840 

46 

1,407 
56,280 



14,306 

397,813 

482,156 

13,500,368 

1,784 

46,215 

1,294,020 

810 

6,553 

8,454 

185,988 

23 

424 

9,328 

4,332 

89,655 

83,383 

2,167,958 

388 

8,495 

220,870 



594 

8,821 

46,047 

253,258 



58 

26,810 

1,340 

939 

17 

86 

7,434 

3,048 

1,981 

32 

174 
22,060 
4,412 

3,088 

196 
4,673 

2,981 



'623,309 

665 

10,326 

10,924 

423,016 

HA 

NA 
NA 



17,439 

408,417 

454,931 

14,001,164 

HA 

NA 

NA 

1,481 

'16,451 

11,509 

'525,587 

NA 
NA 
NA 

10,014 

186,381 

138,283 

4,103,521 

NA 

NA 
NA 



255 

3,181 

14,406 

143,495 

9 

35 

15,920 

796 

NA 

49 

283 

24,939 

12,469 

NA 

42 

200 

28,198 

8,741 

NA 

127 
3,932 

NA 



"919,745 

97 

925 

1,361 

36,329 

NA 

NA 
NA 



18,965 

424,539 

423,641 

9,119,728 

NA 

NA 

NA 

310 

'11,455 

1,488 

'336,834 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

482,826 

382,756 

7,047,249 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

2 

26 

1,260 

494 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 



'797,152 

302 

4,661 

5,878 

90,466 

NA 

NA 
NA 



19,101 

406,845 

419,976 

3,722,663 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,554 

'18,290 

11,961 

'209,899 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

366,938 

307,759 

2,421,360 

NA 
NA 
NA 



7 46 

7 418 

'2,200 

7 10,120 



NA 

»64 

«488 

a 41,460 

8 7,053 

NA 



NA 
4,764 



'1,005,012 

373 

3,615 

4,506 

68,942 

NA 

NA 
NA 



23,375 

525,326 

460,085 

6,533,207 

NA 

NA 

NA 

2,677 

'16,059 

10,210 

126,604 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

460,012 

295,140 

4,303,490 

NA 
NA 
NA 



'924,980 

634 

8,729 

9,135 

127,890 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 

614,488 

638,436 

6,887,067 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,238 

'10,948 

5,256 

52,560 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

290,815 

229,491 

2,254,700 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

'44 

9 166 

'15,660 

'4,124 

NA 

14 

27 

3,060 

204 

NA 

NA 
NA 



'1,276,998 

152 

1,219 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
705,335 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

1,537 
'20,173 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

550,271 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



1,224,543 

111 

730 

944 

28,320 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 

884,656 

906,972 

22,161,313 

NA 

NA 



5,393 

15,100 

24,635 

492,700 



NA 



NA 

324,057 

271,105 

5,572,967 

NA 
NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 



6,660 
3,885 

NA 

53 

NA 

17,280 

2,118 

NA 

NA 
NA 



MAINE 



13 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explan&uons, see text) 



Census' of — 



1959 
(Oot.-Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 

(April 1) 



1945 

(January 1) 



1940 

(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Other field crops harvested : 
Irish potatoes for home use 

or for Bale farms reporting . . 

acres 10 

barrels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Dry field and seed beans. . .farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Other field crops acres . . 

value , do l lars . . 

Sales dollars. . 

Value of specified crops harvested, 
except fruits, nuts, horticultural 
specialties, and vegetables dollars.. 

Value of crops sold, except fruits, 
nuts, horticultural specialties, 
and vegetables dollars. . 

Vegetables for home use and for sale 
(other than Irish and sweet potatoes) : 
Vegetables harvested for 

home use 1 5 farms reporting . . 

value, dollars.. 

Vegetables harvested for 

sale 16 farms reporting. . 

acres. 1 

Sales dollars . . . 

Asparagus farms reporting, . . 

acres . . . 

Beans, green lima farms reporting... 

acres... 
Beans, snap (bush and 

pole types) farms reporting. . 

acres. . . 

Beets (table) farms reporting.. 

acres. . . 

Broccoli farms reporting. . 

acres. . . 

Cabbage farms reporting. . 

acres. . . 

Carrots farms reporting . . , 

acres. . . 

Cauliflower farms reporting . . . 

acres. . , 

Corn, sweet farms reporting. . , 

acres. .. 

Cucumbers and pickles. . .farms reporting... 
acres.. . 

Lettuce and romalne farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

Parsnips farms reporting.. . 

acres.. . 

Peas , green farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 

Pumpkins farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Spinach farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Squash farms reporting. . . 

acres. .. 

Tomatoes farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Turnips farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Mixed vegetables farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Other vegetables acres .. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,818 

133,349 

19,375,183 

57,156,790 

50,956,732 



453 

1,415 

17,845 

165,959 

157,750 

5 

378 



73,504,139 



54,347,528 



12,235 
NA 



1,392 
14,701 

^;50i;tr 

33 
29 

17 
89 

521 
2,109 

264 

94 

19 
43 

282 
321 

277 
241 

61 
51 

806 
4,914 

455 
215 

190 
449 

9 
11 

592 
4,616 

107 
99 

43 

54 

575 
1,018 

415 
149 

129 

96 

12 
15 



9,223 

130,303 

17,134,789 

63,612,903 

53,027,004 



871 

2,731 

32,218 

299,627 

254,684 

77 
3,151 



83,317,746 



14,904 

143,391 

23,936,455 

65,734,407 

NA 



3,283 

6,850 

105,440 

640,318 

NA 

327 
13 64,676 



13 89, 302,746 






56,036,883 



16,380 
NA 



2,307 
18,926 
2,404,464 
60 
29 
23 
61 



861 
2,347 



244 
55 



305 
329 



302 
426 



1,049 
4,485 



523 
402 



168 
760 



883 
8,496 



453 
902 



320 
155 



102 
49 



13 57,977, 525 



4,254 
22,225 
2,838,647 
17 
11 
7 
10 

1,550 
2,469 

332 
91 

12 
4 



395 
388 



382 
249 



50 
140 



2,570 
9,807 



982 

811 



189 
675 



1,147 
6,016 



664 
1,107 



453 
175 



101 
99 



NA 
102 



18,115 

188,281 

18,616,854 

65,691,058 

NA 



1,754 

4,212 

48,758 

250,704 



HI 



NA 
13,711 



85,694,646 



50,394,223 



36,251 

4,151,883 



6,161 
28,680 
3,261,989 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

2,397 
3,992 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

431 
581 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

3,878 
14,521 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

1,270 
5,012 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

509 
259 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



22,821 

143,221 

12,246,571 

24,360,822 

NA 



"5,225 
"8,907 
171,123 
457,139 

NA 

NA 
1 '99,000 



33,768,218 



18,877,705 



32,529 

2,042,463 



5,056 
15,101 
1,128,883 
83 
52 
134 
101 

1,752 
1,176 

643 
179 

6 
2 

613 
373 

760 
286 

147 
92 

2,822 
6,268 

750 
295 

262 
420 

27 
20 

1,614 
3,752 

43 
42 

180 
127 

494 
1,182 

620 
226 

257 
137 

119 
193 



32,126 

169,243 

19,911,102 

13,141,327 

NA 



9,115 
12 7,033 
99,164 
321,291 

NA 



34,885 
1,483,094 



NA 
20,828 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

3,683 
1,693 



1,273 
598 



6,371 
11,235 



835 
234 



27,688 

162,396 

17,251,484 

56,046,960 

NA 



6,421 

12 6,923 

87,553 

451,084 

NA 

NA 
NA 



28,915 
1,840,588 



9,865 
22,432 

2,290,834 
76 
34 



3,538 
1,579 



196 
39 



1,291 
564 



224 
68 



7,153 
16,443 



1,348 
218 



440 

110 



2,550 
1,778 



235 
85 



234 
325 



1,079 
241 



307 
158 



1,045 
645 



30,709 

135,402 

14,589,775 

14,857,601 

NA 



5,055 

3,894 

NA 

NA 

NA 



36,896 

111,378 

9,284,171 

52,339,514 

NA 



8,956 

5,689 

58,797 

358,661 



NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 


40,981 
3,180,673 


NA 


9,284 


NA 


14,067 


NA 


2,160,534 


NA 


30 


NA 
NA 

NA 


4 
(") 


NA 


1 '1.590 
i*529 


NA 


NA 


238 


NA 


66 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,377 
590 


1,069 
468 


NA 


242 


NA 


65 


NA 


26 


NA 


10 


8,393 


6,712 


12,574 


11,316 


NA 


901 


NA 


160 


305 


238 


67 


52 


NA 


32 


NA 


8 


NA 
NA 


1,301 
385 


NA 


24 


NA 


19 


NA 


13 


NA 


10 


NA 


274 


NA 


221 


631 


583 


180 


132 


NA 


367 


NA 


147 


NA 


199 


NA 


253 



14 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Berries and other small fruits harvested 
for sale: 18 

Blackberries and 

dewberries farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts, 
value, dollars. 

Blueberries (tame 

and wild) farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds, 
value, dollars. 

Cranberries farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts, 
value, dollars. 

Raspberries farms reporting. 

acres. 

quartB. 
value , dollars . 

Strawberries farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts, 
value, dollars. 

Other berries and small fruits acres. 

value, dollars. 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 19 

V>nH In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groveB, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees farms reporting. 

acre6. 

Apples farms reporting. 

Trees of ill ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels, 
value, dollars. 

Cherries farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds, 
value, dollars. 

Grapes farms reporting. 

Vines of all ages number. 

Vines not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Vines of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds, 
value, dollars. 

Peaches farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels, 
value, dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



18,949 
6,254 



1,235 
24,970 



115,168,659 
1,971,925 



1,288 
65 



437 
146 



88,274 
35,308 



546 
346 

474,743 

251,617 

(Z) 

13 



1,635 

11,050 



1,635 
372,851 



491 
77,165 

1,527 
295,686 

1,332 

1,813,673 
3,445,978 

262 

2,166 



86 

578 

201 
1,588 

119 

14,679 

1,027 

259 
2,535 



65 

615 

214 
1,920 

110 

4,974 

301 



246 
4,263 



100 
1,077 

168 
3,186 

68 

644 

2,417 



3,242 

1,102 



1,441 
26,500 



17,223,947 
2,066,873 



16,467 
2,840 



354 
208 



114,530 
48,102 



655 
422 



722,051 
339,364 



1,874 
10,808 



1,943 
384,733 



823 
94,023 

1,605 
290,710 

564 

616,754 

1,418,535 

328 

2,399 



163 
948 

189 
1,451 

63 

9,634 
1,059 

112 
3,536 



49 
1,330 

73 
2,206 

32 

1,077 

52 



326 
6,629 

198 
3,317 

170 
3,312 

33 

792 

2,572 



8,581 
2,830 



1,643 
22,440 



13,264,943 
1,510,083 



542 
108 



468 
144 



110,376 
52,991 



798 
393 



642,200 
240, 561 



11,298 
20 13,743 



10,581 
575,191 



2,984 
125,444 

9,189 
449,747 

7,955 

1,038,559 
2,171,260 



1,321 
4,848 



572 
1,950 

822 

2,898 

582 

43,792 
6,129 

1,832 
7,208 



521 
1,997 

1,360 
5,211 

1,123 
60,407 
4,228 



1,097 
10,283 



725 
4,671 

470 
5,612 

291 
6,108 
20,742 



357 
108 



29,113 
8,443 



1,289 
28,809 



4,525,412 
752,602 



1,565 
391 



207,477 
95,441 



1,257 
377 



462,964 
189,477 



6,149 
14,610 



14,803 
758,051 



NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
1,236,726 
2,461,088 

1,488 
4,716 



NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
22,377 
2,685 

1,801 
6,717 



NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
69,220 
4,500 



771 
7,398 



NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
1,250 

5,000 



362 
61 



29,698 
4,373 



1,768 
20,136 



8,608,530 
541,848 



39,375 
5,118 



1,783 
505 

395,715 
80,614 

2,168 

725 

1,672,980 

244,293 

1 

223 



5,125 
13,460 



12,045 
662,693 



2,425 
112,304 

11,208 
550,389 

10,300 
984,200 
694,488 

793 
3,255 



282 
1,134 

550 
2,121 

344 
14,356 
1,129 

735 
3,136 



169 
698 

590 

2,438 

470 

30,276 

755 



471 
5,227 



253 
1,935 

254 
3,292 

181 
1,418 
2,268 



NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

2,126 
668 

1,204,429 

180,664 

NA 



12,185 
25,176 



19,579 

1,217,069 



NA 
152,541 



NA 
554,657 
621,216 

1,919 
7,722 



NA 

1,647 



NA 
5,488 

245 

1,510 

7,011 



NA 

5,710 



42,880 
2,058 



521 
5,028 



NA 
3,155 



NA 

1,873 



132 
231 



1,283 
165 



109,333 
21,982 



1,151 
13,888 



5,716,209 
773,691 



3,411 
415 



1,733 
359 

277,280 
83,367 

2,803 
650 

1,137,193 

247,181 

291 

4,031 



15,736 
36,530 



23,360 
1,990,937 



NA 
258,956 



NA 
1,731,981 



2,172,709 
2,263,054 



1,636 
7,409 



NA 
1,809 

NA 
5,600 

NA 
60,480 
6,641 

1,237 
5,552 



NA 

1,145 

NA 
4,407 

NA 
58,411 
3,507 



587 
5,048 



NA 
1,880 

NA 
3,168 

NA 
1,827 
3,473 



1,606 
714 



35,561 
2,877,028 



NA 
435,091 

NA 
2,441,937 

NA 
2,946,198 
2,622,117 

NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

4,075 
12,461 



900 
7,222 



NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
631 
883 



2,198 
282 



242,478 
53,346 



NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 



171 
138 

57,637 
8,072 

2,007 
311 

279,254 
78,193 

3,435 
555 

893,740 

223,438 

NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 

3,345,521 



9,707 
512,217 

34,609 
2,833,304 

NA 
4,829,346 
6,278,151 

NA 
16,235 



1,026 
4,012 

2,780 
12,223 

NA 

103,376 

6,925 

NA 
9,265 



524 
1,926 

2,006 
7,339 

NA 
100,789 
10,080 



NA 
8,236 



366 
2,570 

587 
5,666 

NA 
2,177 
5,225 



MAINE 15 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 













Census of — 










(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


1959 

(Otrt.-Nov.) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes 19 — Continued 


612 
4,450 

179 
1,514 

499 
2,936 


652 


3,023 
11,341 

1,378 
5,464 

1,887 
5,877 


3,825 
11,572 

HA 

NA 

NA 
NA 


2,132 

8,264 

650 
2,424 

1,614 
5,840 


4,620 
17,052 

NA 

2,843 

NA 

14,209 


4,501 
18,291 

NA 
4,061 

NA 
14,230 


8,734 
31,661 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 






29,645 


Trees not of bearing 


354 
3,509 

375 
2,561 


number. . . 
Trees of bearing 


7,120 


number. . . 


22,525 


bushels. .. 
value, dollars... 


363 
3,701 
8,512 


150 
1,255 
4,393 


1,446 
6,881 
20,668 


NA 
11,207 
27,636 


1,153 
5,500 
6,974 


NA 
6,424 
9,636 


NA 
14,733 
27,475 


NA 
NA 

NA 


NA 
14,291 
27,869 




359 
2,256 

113 
480 

279 
1,776 


275 


2,188 


2,862 

10,202 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 


1,658 
7,479 

525 
2,360 

1,248 
5,119 


3,465 

14,215 

NA 

2,830 

NA 
11,385 


3,859 
18,555 

NA 

4,253 

NA 

14,302 


7,453 
33,276 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 






46,924 

2,027 
9,395 

6,792 
37,529 


Trees not of bearing 


165 
1,692 

137 
1,686 


964 
4,001 

1,408 
5,458 


number. . . 
Trees of bearing 


number. . . 


bushels... 
value, dollars 


130 
1,091 
3,273 


34 
208 
522 


856 
3,484 
11,607 


NA 
5,042 
14,624 


842 

3,451 
4,833 


NA 

314 
1,079 


NA 
10,032 
24,076 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

20,043 
52,113 


Other tree fruits and nuts.. value, dollars... 


5 


8 


94 




13 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Value of fruits, including berries and other 
small fruits, and nuts harvested dollars... 


5,726,695 


3,885,763 


4,041,308 


3,561,496 


1,586,929 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Value of fruits, including berries and other 


5,726,695 


3,885,763 


3,004,161 


2,000,283 


1,068,333 


NA 


NA 


NA 









NA Not available. 

Z Reported in small fractions. 

figures for cropland harvested and specified crops relate to the crop years 1959, 1954, 1949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 1924, and 1919. 

2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn 
harvested for grain. 

3 Value of corn and other corn products sold. 

*Corn cut for forage. 

5 For all Censuses except 1950, obtained by adding the individual hay crops . 

'includes oats cut for feeding unthreshed. 

7 Silage crops other than corn and sorghums. 

"Clover seed, except sweetclover. 

9 Clover seed, including sweetclover. 

10 For 1959, does not include acreage for fanna with less than 10 barrels harvested; for 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested; 
for 1949, does not include acreage for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. 

^Excludes reports for farms reporting acres grown for all purposes with no production. Acres harvested for beans not available. 

1 Includes acres grown alone and acres grown with other crops for all purposes. Acres harvested for beans not available 

13 Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing privileges. 

l *Includes value of maple sirup and maple sugar produced. 

1 'Excludes Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes except for the 1920 Census which included potatoes for home use only. 

16 Excludea Irish and sweet potatoes. 

17 Green lima beans included with snap beans. 

18 For Censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. 

19 For 1959 and 1954, does not Include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 

20 Does not include acreage for farms reporting less than 1/2 acre. 



16 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 

(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 

(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 

(January 1) 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs, grown for sale: 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 

and bulbs sold farms reporting 

dollars 
On farms with sales of 

$2,000 or more farms reporting 

dollars 
Nursery products (trees, shrubs, 

vines, ornamentals, etc.) farms reporting 

acres 
Sales dollars 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist 
greens, and bedding plants farms reporting 

Grown under glass farms reporting 

square feet 

Grown in the open farms reporting 

acres 
Sales dollars 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, 
bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting 

Grown under glass or in house farms reporting 

square feet 

Grown in the open farms reporting 

acres 
Sales dollars 

Any forest products cut and/or sold farms reporting 

Sales of any forest products farms reporting 

dollars 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting 

dollars 

Sales of all other forest products farms reporting 

dollars 

Sales of firewood, pulpwood, fence posts, 

sawlogs, and Christmas trees farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Sales of other miscellaneous 
products farms reporting 



Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting 

cords (4* x 4' x 8') 



Sales farms reporting 

cords (4' x 4' x 8') 



Pulpwood sold farms reporting 

cords (4* x 4' x 8') 



Fence posts cut. farms reporting 

number 



Sales farms reporting 

number 



Sawlogs and veneer logs cut farms reporting 

thousands of board feet 



Sales farms reporti ng 

thousands of board feet 



Christmas trees sold farms reporting 

number 



Maple sirup made. . 



. .farms reporting 
gallons 



Buckets hung farms reporting 

number 



Maple sugar made farms reporting 

pounds 



368 

2,044,351 

138 
1,824,491 

37 

169 

340,634 



311 

230 
1,116,708 

151 

85 

1,559,278 



121 

165,321 

18 

12 

144,439 



'3,538 
5,862,143 

1,069 
997,415 

'3,091 
4,864,728 



3,029 
4,624,494 



'286 
240,234 



6,396 
83,153 



759 
17,918 



2,133 
148,306 



913 
218,399 



171 
101,465 



1,651 
29,167 



951 
24,729 



301 
122,422 



359 
6,728 



359 
55,348 



NA 
1,744,228 



73 

226 

507,552 



250 

184 

876, 566 

151 

122 

1,101,218 



104 

203,726 

44 

32 

135,458 



10 5,037 
4,758,995 



9,836 
126, 124 



4,083 
241,411 



2,863 
595,308 



13 3,584 
13 60,530 



NA 

NA 

914 
13,464 

"919 
'79,539 

32 
1,089 



NA 

1,772,017 



133 
273,958 



3 291 

'216 

3 1, 006,056 

3 166 

3 262 

3 1, 352, 811 



156 

216,257 

46 

35 

145,248 



1,135 
827,282 



NA 
3,711,028 



5,288 
3,419,765 



1,156 
291,263 



13,864 
187,716 



4,088 
203,472 



3,757 
556,504 



4,738 
50,493 



NA 

NA 

1,976 
17,338 

"2,035 
"127,758 

68 
3,419 



1 275 
'l.SOO.lwO 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



8,039 
,600,373 



316 
901,264 

NA 
NA 

39 

111 

50,221 



NA 

4 233 

'1,184,731 

NA 

NA 

'778,833 



NA 

NA 

NA 

7 165 

'140 

7 72,210 



8,400 
2,109,821 



1,117 
22,370 



"1,12* 
'144,352 



53 
5,471 



"12,348 
31 1,701,757 



256 
849,796 

NA 
NA 

J 104 

NA 

a 102,563 



NA 

'207 

NA 

NA 

NA 

'747,233 



"10,429 
2 4, 335,837 



NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


27,235 
507,075 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


4,374 
220,069 


NA 

NA 


2,025 
355,300 


NA 

NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


5,116 
113,911 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


1,465 
36,234 


NA 
NA 


"1,481 

NA 


NA 
NA 


107 
22,584 



34,940 
609,518 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
420,739 

NA 
NA 

18 

70 

37,538 



NA 

6 162 

6 714,580 
NA 
NA 

6 325,771 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
"57,430 

31,325 

12,384 
7,667,551 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
HA 

NA 

42,144 

"2,168 
"234,478 

NA 
24,934 



NA Not available. 

Excludes data for farms unclassified as to type. 
Trees, plants, vines, etc., In nurseries; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 

'Flowers and flowering plants grown for sale. 

'Crops grown under glass (flowers, plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. 

'Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass; and flowers grown In the open. 

6 Total square feet under glass. 

7 Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown In the open. 

8 Value of flower and vegetable seeds; and vegetables and vegetable plants. 

'Excludes farms reporting onlj sales of maple sirup. 
10 Does not Include farms reporting only maple sirup and/or maple sugar sold. 

13 Not strictly comparable with other years as figures probably include some reports of firewood used on fsrms. 
1 Does not Include value of sales of maple sirup and maple sugar. 
13 Figures Include sales of standing timber. 
1 'Maple trees tapped. 



MAINE 



17 



State Table 10.— CHARACTERISTICS OF PLACES NOT COUNTED AS FARMS BECAUSE OF CHANGE IN 

DEFINITION OF FARM: 1959 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Places excluded as farms by change in definition , 1954-1959 number 

acres in place 

Cropland harvested places reporting 

acres 

Under 10 acres places reporting 

10 a more acres places reporting 

Operators by tenure: 

Full owners number 

Part owners and managers number 

Tenants number 

Operators by color. 

White number 

Nonwhite number 

Operators by year began operation of present place: 

1959 operators reporting 

195B operators reporting 

1957 operators reporting 

1956 operators reporting 

1951-1955 operators reporting 

1950 or earlier operators reporting 

Operators by age: 

Under 55 years operators reporti ng 

55 to 64 years. . , operators reporting 

65 or more years operators reporting 

Operators not reporting age numher 



- Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Operators by days of work off place in 1959: 

No days operators reporting . . 

1 to 49 days operators reporting. . 

50 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting number . . 

Operators reporting other income of family exceeding 
value or farm products sold operators reporting. . 

Cattle and calves of all ages places reporting. . 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved places reporting. . 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs places reporting . . 

number . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over places reporting . . 

number . . 

Corn harvested for all purposes places reporting. , 

acres. . 

Hay harvested .places reporting . . 



1,306 

66,286 

461 

1,775 

468 

13 

1,196 
56 
54 

1,301 
5 

62 
67 
66 
74 
240 
792 

834 
231 
240 

1 



258 
32 
33 
61 

917 
5 



1,235 

974 

1,958 

746 

808 

405 
683 

488 
14,522 

2 
3 

379 

1,353 



State Table 11.— DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Census of 1959 
Census starting date — October 21 

Approximate average date of enumeration week of 

Percent of farm? enumerated during- 

October 1 to 10 

October 11 to 17 

October 18 to 24 

October 25 to 31 '. 

November 1 to 7. 

November 8 to 14 

November 15 to 21 

November 22 to 28 

November 29 to December 5 

December 6 to 1 2 

December 13 to 19 

December 20 or later 

2 Less than 0.5. 



Census of 1954 
Census starting date — October 18 

Approximate average date of enumeration week of 

Percent of farms enumerated during- 

October lto9 

October 10 to 16 

October 17 to 23 

October 24 to 31 

November 1 to 6 

November 7 to 13 

November 14 to 20 

November 21 to 27 

November 28 to December 4 

December 5 to 11 

December 12 to 18 

December 19 to 31 



Nov. 1-Nov. 7 
Percrni 

(2) 

7 

11 

32 

28 

14 

5 

2 

(Z) 

(2) 

(Z) 



Oct. 24-Oot. 31 
Percent 

(Z) 
12 

33 

26 

15 

6 

4 

1 

(Z) 

(Z) 

(Z) 

(z) 



18 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 12.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON FARMS AND BY QUANTITY 
OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for cattle and calves on hand, cows on hand, milk cows on hand, and animals sold alive are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand farms repotting . .. 

number . . 

X farms reporting. . 

n to 4 farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 farms reporting . . 

10 to 49 farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 farms reporting . . 

90 to 49 farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 farms reporting. . 

100 or more farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 f«rtns reporting . . 

500 or more farms reporting . . 

Cows on hand, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . 

number. . 

1 farms reporting . . 

2 farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 farms reporting . . 

15 to 19 farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 farms reporting.. 

500 or more farms reporting. . 

Milk COWS on hand farms reporting , . 

number . . 

1 farms reporting . . 

2 farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 farms reporting . . 

5to9 farms reporting . . 

10 to 14 farms reporting . . 

15 to 19 farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 • farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 farms reporting . . 

500 or more farms reporting.. 

Cattle sold alive, excluding calves farms reporting . . 

number.. 

lto4 farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 farms reporting.. 

JO to 19 farms reporting . . 

20to29 farms reporting . . 

30 to 39 farms reporting . . 

40 to 49 farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 or more farms reporting . . 

Calves SOld alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

llo4 farms reporting. . 

5to9 farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 farms reporting . 

20to29 farms reporting . . 

30 to 39 farms reporting.. 

40 to 49 farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 farms reporting. . 

100 or more farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 or more farms reporting - , 

Hogs and pigs of all ages on hand farms reporting., 

number. , 

1 to 9 farms reporting . . 

10 to 24 farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 farms reporting., 

50to99 farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 farms reporting . 

500 to 999 farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more farms reporting . 

Litters farrowed, December 1, previous year, 
to November 30, Census year farms reporting.. 

1 farms reporting . 

2 farms reporting. , 

3 farms reporting. 

4 farms reporting . 

5 farms reporting . 

farms reporting. 

7 farms reporting. 

g farms reporting . 

9 farms reporting . 

10 or more farms reporting. 

" 10 to 19 farms reporting. 

20 to 39 farms reporting. 

40 to 69 farms reporting . 

70 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 or more farms reporting. 



State total 


1999 


1954 


10,719 


16,877 


199,045 


231,557 


947 


1,946 


2,970 


5,094 


1,913 


3,109 


3,910 


5,875 


1,506 


NA 


2,404 


NA 


802 


736 


177 


117 


147 


NA 


30 


NA 




NA 


9,732 


15,768 


105,213 


118,734 


2,645 


4,830 


1,592 


2,685 


1,054 


1,951 


916 


1,869 


811 


1,696 


684 


1,007 


1,088 


1,062 


727 


532 


141 


101 


41 


29 


27 


5 


6 


1 


9,155 


15,212 


96,652 


110,593 


2,686 


4,811 


1,524 


2,705 


1,009 


1,870 


666 


1,696 


701 


1,553 


632 


987 


1,056 


985 


685 


482 


135 


102 


35 


18 


25 


| 


1 


\ 


5,039 


7,112 


25,662 


31,577 


3,300 


5,102 


1,110 


1,312 


4% 


521 


70 


118 


20 


21 


18 


7 


19 


22 


1 


7 


5 


2 


6,300 


8,154 


57,310 


56,235 


2,580 


4,154 


1,462 


1,988 


1,499 


1,493 


452 


361 


159 


111 


78 


12 


64 


28 


6 


7 


6 


NA 




NA 


4,134 


6,371 


24,646 


28,427 


3,812 


NA 


175 


NA 


73 


NA 


35 


NA 


24 


NA 


9 


NA 


5 


NA 


1 


NA 


629 


857 


194 


NA 


147 


NA 


57 


NA 


45 


NA 


24 


NA 


22 


NA 


12 


NA 


17 


NA 


4 


NA 


107 


NA 


61 


NA 


31 


NA 


5 


NA 


3 


NA 


7 


NA 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hogs and pigs sold alive 

1 to4 

5to9 

lOto 19 

20 to 29 

.10 Co 39 

tO to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 or more 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 

1,000 or more 

Sheep and lambs of all ages on hand. . . . 

Under 25 

25 to 99 

100 to 299 

300 (o 999 

1.000 to 1,999 

2,00010 4,999 

5,000 or n.ore 

Wool shotn (excluding lambs wool) 

Under 1.000 pounds 

1.000 to 2.499 pounds 

2.500 to 4,999 pounds 

5.000 to 9.999 pounds 

10,000 to 19.999 pounds 

20,000 to 49,999 pounds 

50,000 or more rounds 

Chickens 4 months old and ovet on hand 

1'nder 50 

50to99 

100 to 399 

400 to 799 

800 to 1,599 

1,60010 3,199 

3.200 or more 

3,200 to 6,399 

fi,400ormore 

Broilers (chickens) sold 

Under 2,000 

2,000 to 3,999 

4,000 to 7. 999 

9,000 10 15,999 

lfl.000 to 29,999 

30,000 to 59.999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Chickens (other than broilers) sold 

Under 50 

50 to 99 

100 to 399 

100 to 799 

800 to 1.599.. 

1,600 to 3,399 

3,200 to 6,399 

6,400to9,999 

10,000 or more 

Chicken eggs sold 

Under 100 dozens 

100 lo 399 dozens 

400 to 799 dozens 

800 to 1,599 dozens 

1,600 to 1.999 dozens 

2,000 to 4,999 dozens 

5,000 or more dozens 

5,000 to 9,999 dozens 

10,000 to 19,999 dozens 

20,000 to 49,999 dozens 

50,000 or more dozens 

Turkeys raised 

Under 50 

50to399 

400 to 799 

800 to 1,599 

1,600 or more 

1,600 to.3,199 

3,200 to 9,999 

10,000 or more 



s reporting. . 
number . . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. ■ 
reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting.. 
'arms report] ng . . 
arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 
number . . 
'arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
am.s reporting.. 
nrrr.s reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting . . 
arms reporting. . 

arms reportin". . 
pounds . . 
arms reporting. , 
'arms reporting . , 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting . . 
'arms reporting, 
amis reporting. , 
'arms reporting. 



* reporting, 
number . 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting. 



arms reporting, 
number, 
arms reflecting. 
amis reporting. 

I reporting, 
'arms reporting. 

I reporting, 
'arms rerorting. 
amis reporting, 
'arms reporting. 



reporting, 
number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



,rms reporting, 
dozens., 
reporting, 
'ami" reporting . 
'arms report ing . 
'arms reporting . 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
amis reporting, 
arms rerorting. 
'amis reporting. 



'arms reporting, 
number, 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 



858 

24,130 

326 

180 

104 

66 

52 

25 

58 

31 

16 

6 

10 



1,627 

40,615 

1,161 

389 

69 



1,314 

196,843 

1,296 

16 

2 



5,773 
4,480,993 

3,325 
657 
596 
196 
259 
321 
419 
278 
141 

1,102 

49,863,080 

8 

23 

56 

126 

228 

354 

225 

82 

2,537 

4,189,863 

520 

330 

451 

270 

304 

306 

239 

56 

61 

3,173 
51,686,216 
450 
660 
289 
284 
48 
302 

1,140 
217 
264 
363 
296 



166 
83,673 
120 
19 
4 
12 
11 



1,439 

28,624 

691 

249 

235 

106 

47 

35 

18 

27 

31 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,748 
33,482 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

10,074 

3,556,980 

5,947 

1,432 

1,214 

468 

441 

362 

210 

NA 

NA 

885 
24,275,524 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 



3,552 
2,782,469 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

4,672 

33,586,321 

779 

1,155 

526 

445 

84 

515 

1,168 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

567 
343,635 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA Not available. 



MAINE 



19 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND.1954 

[Data for all crops except corn, Irish potatoes, apples, and peaches are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



(for definitions and explanations, see text) 



CORN 

Acres harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . 

75 or more acres farms reporting . 

Acres harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 or more acres farms reporting . 

Corn sold farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Under 100 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,5<X) or more bushels farms reporting. 

OATS 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting . 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting . 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reportin,; . 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms report int. ■ 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting . 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



1,126 
9,016 

426 
373 
103 

112 
31 
34 

20 

22 

1 



57 

198 

9,388 

46 
4 

3 

2 

1 
1 



1,540 
3 



2,524 
50,051 

344 
481 
425 

164 
160 
271 

177 
314 
156 



1,830 
11,328 



903 
690 



163 
18 
20 



100 

363 

11,645 



15 
,375 



4,023 
75,059 

629 

917 



626 
228 



2,524 




4,023 


2,398,937 




2,516,617 


35 

5 


} 


96 


37 




212 


92 




272 


241 
667 


} 


1,781 


609 




929 


339 




342 


171 




176 


209 




121 


ei 




69 


30 




20 


s 




5 


1,446 




1,804 


1,556,645 




1,309,585 


5 




1 


15 




10 


40 




79 


467 




843 


384 




466 


174 




211 


150 




59 


119 




76 


58 




44 


28 




10 


6 




5 



ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES CUT 
FOR HAY AND FOR DEHYDRATING 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres .farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acre3 farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting. 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 or more tons farms reporting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

tons . 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 or more tons farms reporting. 

CLOVER, TUOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF CLOVER 
AND GRASSES CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms report ing . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

tons . 

Under 20 t ons farms report ing . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting . 

1,000 or more tons farms reporting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting . 

tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 499 tans farms reporting . 

500 or more tons farms reporting . 

OATS, WHEAT, BARLEY, RYE, OR OTHER 
SMALL GRAINS CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reparttng. 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

tons . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting. 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 or more tons farms reporting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting . 

tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 or more tons farms reporting . 



462 

6,483 
143 

97 
102 

17 

52 
10 
27 
6 
2 
6 



462 

12,193 

265 

31 
113 

38 



72 

1,180 
55 
16 



9,455 

339,590 

698 

1,188 

1,163 

497 

257 

896 

666 

1,757 

1,688 

495 

106 

9 

32 

2 

1 

9,455 

455,011 

3,654 

667 

1,899 

1,866 

1,024 

334 

10 

1 

2,576 
65,321 

1,673 
503 
313 



641 

3,794 

407 

114 

72 
10 

6 

5 

17 

10 

641 
6,904 

566 
17 
25 
23 
10 

25 
545 
15 

5 
5 



20 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, and peaches are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



OTHER HAY CUT 

Acres harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . . , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . , 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . . 

15 acres farms reporting . . . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . , 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . . . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting.., 

300 or more acres farms reporting... 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

tons . . . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting... 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . . . 

200 or more tons farms reporting . . . 

Quantity sold farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Uncler 25 tons farms reporting . . . 

25 to 49 tans farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . . . 

100 or more tans farms reporting.. 

GRASS SILAGE MADE FROM GRASSES, ALFALFA, 
CLOVER, OR SMALL GRAINS 

Acres harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . 

15 acres farms reporting . . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . . 

250 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

tons, green weight.. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting.. 

1, 500 or more tans farms reporting . . 

IRISH POTATOES 

Acres harvested for home use or 

for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 1 , 
barrels . . 

Under 1 acre farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

1.0 to 1.9 acres farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

2 .0 to 2 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

3 .0 to 4 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

5.0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

barrels . . 

10.0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

25 .0 to 49 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

50 or more acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
barrels . . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



3,994 

100,561 

511 
586 
605 
260 

115 
384 

333 
685 
406 
101 



3,994 

104,196 

2,249 
376 
775 
405 
152 
37 

1,118 
17,200 

857 

216 
43 
2 



602 
13,583 

100 

103 
74 
47 
15 
85 

29 
66 
66 
10 
5 



602 
71,252 

56 

31 

82 

166 

144 

113 



} 



4,319 

91,880 



670 
719 



1,606 



318 
45 



4,319 
86,365 



3,174 
7+4 
278 



452 

8,535 

330 

90 

27 

5 



644 
9,482 



158 
154 



644 
48,352 



135 
204 



(ior definitions and explanations, see text) 



5,818 


9,223 


133,349 


130,303 


19,375,183 


17,134,789 


2,815 


5,084 


258 


560 


26,363 


41,089 


207 


372 


227 


396 


14,182 


20,238 


81 


122 


166 


259 


12,257 


17,347 


93 


154 


319 


524 


32,322 


45,178 


136 


288 


880 


1,957 


123,047 


157,344 


562 


1,147 


9,507 


19,316 


1,342,861 


2,409,710 


951 


1,322 


34,055 


45,237 


4,925,935 


5,986,103 


973 


734 


87,937 


62,054 


12,898,216 


8,457,780 



VEGETABLES HARVESTED FOB SALE 
(Other than Irish and sweet potatoes) 

Value of sales farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Under $20 farms report ing . . 

$20 to $24 farms reporting . . 

$25 to $49 farms reporting.. 

$50 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $1,499 farms reporting. . 

$1,500 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $2,999 farms reporting.. 

$3,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting . . 

BLUEBERRIES (TAME AND WILD) 

Acres harvested farms report ing . . 

acres . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . 

15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . , 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

pounds . . 

Under 20 pounds farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 pounds farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 pounds farms reporting . 

50 to 99 pounds farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 pounds farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 pounds farms reporting . , 

500 to 999 pounds farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,499 pounds farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 pounds farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 pounds farms reporting . 

3,000 to 4,999 pounds farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 pounds farms reporting . 

10,000 or more pounds farms reporting . 

LAND IN BEARING AND N0NBEARIN0 FRUIT ORCHARDS, GROVES, 
VINEYARDS, AND PLANTED NUT TREES 2 

Acres in orchards farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 0.5 acre farms reporting. 

0.5 to 0.9 acre farms reporting. 

1 .0 to 1 .4 acres farms reporting . 

1.5 acres farms reporting. 

1.6 to 1.9 acres farms reporting . 

2 .0 to 2 .4 acres farms reporting . 

2.5 to 2.9 acres farms reporting . 

3 .0 to 4 .9 acres farms reporting . 

5 .0 to 9 .9 acres farms reporting . 

10 .0 to 19 .9 acres farms reporting . 

20.0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting. 

25 .0 to 29 .9 acres farms report ing . 

30.9 to 49.9 acres farms reporting. 

50 .0 to 99 .9 acres farms reporting . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . 

APPLES 2 

Any apples farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting . 

number . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Farms classified by number of trees of bearing age: 

No trees of bearing age farms reporting . 

Nonbearing trees number . 

Less than 20 trees of bearing age... farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

20 to 99 trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

Trees of all a^es number . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Trees of bearint age farms reporting. 

number . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 



1,374 

2,260,261 

71 

15 

70 

154 

232 

191 

199 

127 

42 

88 

70 

74 

41 



1,146 
23,845 

31 
20 
30 
10 

106 

10 

130 

313 

222 

56 

47 

65 

66 

40 

1,146 

15,873,363 

5 

10 

5 

16 

15 

76 

65 

80 

40 

85 

168 

210 

371 



2,452 
2,326,071 



207 
281 



381 
92 
62 

122 
46 
58 
39 



1,441 
26,500 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
1,441 
17,223,947 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



1,630 




1,916 


11,892 




13,033 


97 




161 


195 




337 


304 


"I 




65 
6 


J 


703 


285 


J 




20 

210 


} 


219 


180 




176 


108 




169 


32 
26 


} 


59 


53 




40 


39 




37 


10 




17 


1,625 




1,943 


372,851 




384,733 


491 




823 


77,165 




94,023 


1,527 




1,605 


295,686 




290,710 


1,332 




564 


1,813,673 




616,754 


98 




338 


6,291 




18,490 


244 




244 


6,297 




8,211 


124 




162 


3,738 




4,879 


244 




244 


2,559 




3,332 


211 




98 


3,670 




2,670 


857 




897 


35,732 




38,832 


118 




156 


5,497 




7,723 


857 




897 


30,235 




31,109 


739 




217 


42,769 




14,191 



MAINE 



21 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, and peaches are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



APPLES 2 — Continued 

100 to 199 trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ageB number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels 

200 to 499 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

500 to 999 trees of bearing age farms reporting — 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

1,000 or more trees of bearing age... farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

PEACHES 2 

Any peaches farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reportini ... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels 

Farms classified by number of trees of bearing age: 

No trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

Nonbearing trees number . . . 

Less than 20 trees of bearing age.... farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

20 to 99 trees of bearing age farms report in f . . . 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

100 to 199 trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages farms reporting . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms report in. . . . 

bushels . , . 

200 or more trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms report inf... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting 

bushels . . . 



166 




166 


24,703 


23,422 


33 




36 


4,891 


3 


619 


166 




Inn 


19,812 


19 


30 i 


144 




59 


40,232 


5 


D72 


116 




151 


37,028 


50,971 


36 




41 


4,793 


8,180 


116 




l'l 


32,235 


42 


791 


100 




69 


120,204 


45,029 


70 




71 


55,657 


61 


72 1 


32 




42 


9,490 


12 


569 


70 




76 


46,167 


49 


154 


65 




57 


246,826 


115 


38 1 


74 




71 


207,143 


183 


184 


50 




48 


42,465 


38 


563 


74 




71 


164,678 


144 


521 


73 




64 


,359,972 


433 


9i; 


246 




326 


4,263 


6 




100 




191 


1,077 


3 


317 


168 




170 


3,186 


3 


312 


68 




33 


644 




792 


78 




NA 


563 




NA 


148 




NA 


754 




NA 


17 




NA 


91 




IU 


148 




HA 


663 




NA 


58 




NA 


186 




Hi 


11 




NA 


690 




:Jl 


2 




NA 


87 




NA 


11 




NA 


603 




'.A 


7 




NA 


152 




NA 


3 




NA 


556 




NA 


2 




NA 


236 




NA 


3 




NA 


320 




NA 


1 




NA 


200 




NA 


6 




NA 


1,700 




NA 


1 




NA 


100 




NA 


6 




NA 


1,600 




NA 


2 




NA 


106 




NA 



FOREST PRODUCTS 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting. 

dollars - 



Under $25 farms reporting. 

$25 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $299 farms reporting . 

$300 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 



Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting. 

cords (A'xi'xQ 1 ) . 



Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting. 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting . 

100 to 499 cords farms reporting . 

500 or more cards farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

cords (4'x4'x8' ) . 



Pulpwood sold farms reporting. 

cords (4 r x4'x8')' 



Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting. 



50 to 99 cords farms reporting. 

100 to 199 cords farms reporting. 



200 to 499 cords farms reporting . 

500 or more cords farms reporting . 



Fence posts cut farms reporting . 

number . 

Under 100 fence posts farms reporting; 

100 to 499 fence posts farms reporting . 

500 to 999 fence posts farms reporting . 

1,000 to 4,999 fence posts farms reporting. 

5,000 or more fence posts farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

number. 



Sawlogs and veneer logs sold farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet . 

Under 1,000 board feet farms report Ing . 

1,000 to 2,499 board feet farms reporting. 

2,500 to 4,999 board feet farms reporting. 



5,000 to 9,999 board feet farms reporting. 

10,000 to 19,999 board feet farms reporting. 



20,000 to 49,999 board feet farms reporting. 

50,000 to 99,999 board feet farms reporting. 

100,000 or more board feet farms reporting. 



Christmas trees sold farms reporting . 

number . 

Under 100 trees farms reporting . 

100 to 499 trees farms reporting . 

500 to 999 trees farms reporting . 

1,000 to 4,999 trees farms reporting. 

5,000 or more trees farms reporting. 



1,069 
997,415 


NA 
NA 


16 
110 


NA 
NA 


297 

391 


NA 
NA 


138 
85 
32 


NA 
NA 
NA 


6,396 
83,153 


9,836 
126,124 


5,934 

365 

78 


NA 
NA 

NA 


18 

1 


NA 
NA 


759 
17,918 


NA 
NA 


2,133 
148,306 


4,083 
241,411 


1,065 
381 


NA 
NA 


308 
218 


NA 
NA 


109 
52 


NA 
NA 


913 
218,399 


2,863 
595,308 


285 

535 
51 


NA 

NA 
NA 


37 
5 


NA 
NA 


171 
101,465 


NA 

NA 


951 
24,729 


NA 

NA 


32 
117 
122 


NA 
NA 

NA 


178 
194 


NA 

NA 


196 

71 
41 


NA 
NA 
NA 


301 
122,422 


NA 
NA 


79 
157 
30 

33 

2 


NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA Not available. 1 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested 



z Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



22 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

("Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports For only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Economic class, 1959 



Commercial farms 



Hired workers farms reporting. . , 

persons . . . 

1 hired worker 'arms reporting. . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker ^ farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. farms reporting . . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting . . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers ....farms reporting. . 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per month . hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month . dollars . . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting . . 

$50 to $84 per month. farms reporting. . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting . . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting . . 

$170 to $214 per month Farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month Farms reporting. . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. . 

$325 to $374 per month Farms reporting . . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid On a Weekly taSiS farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Average ho -its worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting . . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting . . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting . . 

$40 to $49 per week fa™ 9 reporting.. 

$50 to $59 per week farm9 reporting . . 

$6.0 to $69 per week Farms reporting . . 

$70 to S79 per week farms reporting . . 

$80 to $89 per week 'arms reporting. . 

$90 and over per week la"™ reporting . . 

Paid on a daily basis Farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

\verago wage rate per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 per day '"™ a reporting. . 

$4 per day fanna reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting . . 

$6 per day farmB reporting. . 

$7 par day fanT ' 3 reporting . . 

$8 per day farTn3 reporting. . 

$9 per day farms reporting. . 

$10 per day fa™ 9 reporting . 

$11 per day farms reporting. . 

$12 and over per day farms reporting. . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting . . 

persons . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars . . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting . 

50.45 to 50.54 per hour Farms reporting. 

$0.55 to SO. 64 per hour Farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour Farms reporting . 

$0.76 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting . 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting . 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting . 

$1.45 and over per hour 'arms reporting. 

Paid 00 a piece-WOfk basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

persons . 
Average earnings per person dollars . 



3,318 
9,017 
1,903 
674 
419 
157 
165 

2,337 

4,064 

1,528 

447 

265 

69 

28 

1,501 

4,953 

986 

222 

97 

67 

129 

1,617 
520 
981 

262 

348 

197 

166 

11 

41 

60 

10 

30 

57 

35 

10 

7 

1 

1,955 

3,349 

43 

52 

50 

127 

108 

162 

290 

628 

452 

84 

17 

37 

468 

891 

9.1 

9.74 

27 

15 

30 

17 

21 

75 

74 

128 

6 

75 

956 

2,260 

1.08 

45 
10 
11 
61 
18 
608 
133 
25 
45 

236 
2,169 

151 

1,472 

7.99 



5,844 
45,819 

1,750 
681 
655 
995 

1,763 

2,731 

4,977 

1,761 

522 

265 

151 

32 

4,574 
40,842 

1,140 
405 
441 
921 

1,667 

1,270 
1,461 
3,113 

434 

597 

216 

137 

30 

91 

98 

41 

55 

86 

21 

7 

5 

2,a9 

4,515 

54 

53 

30 

157 

81 

359 

727 

344 

166 

243 

112 



1,907 

5,110 

9.5 

11.13 

57 

50 

101 

119 

148 

199 

72 

1,161 



1,156 

3,995 

0.90 

20 

67 

10 

36 

296 

104 

565 

26 

32 

2,785 
31,602 

NA 
NA 
NA 



\ 



3,104 
8,704 
1,737 
653 
394 
156 
164 

2,234 

3,915 

1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 

1,374 

4,789 

885 

202 

92 

66 

129 

1,730 
504 
870 

240 
314 
200 
163 
11 
41 
60 



25 

10 
6 
1 

1,878 

3,235 

48 

51 

45 

127 

108 

162 

265 

608 

436 

78 

17 

32 

447 

850 

8.9 

9.75 

27 

15 

30 

17 

20 

65 

74 

118 

6 

75 

870 

2,160 

1.08 



56 

18 
563 
133 
25 
29 

215 
2,145 

140 
1,460 
8.03 



687 

3,199 

225 

160 

164 

70 

68 

588 

1,518 

232 

152 

143 

45 

16 

287 
1,681 

162 
33 
24 
19 
49 

400 

188 

99 

43 

93 

205 

202 

6 
5 



14 
11 

6 
1 

508 

1,165 

49 

57 

5 

20 

26 

16 

41 

182 

158 

31 

12 

17 

93 

308 

9.3 

10.70 

1 



215 

839 

1.07 



6 

6 

2 

160 

35 



29 
794 

25 
660 
9.68 



836 

1,847 

490 

168 

117 

25 

36 

657 

1,067 

428 

146 

65 

7 

11 

312 

780 

221 

41 

8 

17 

25 

524 
133 

179 

62 

75 

210 

157 

5 

5 

20 

5 

20 

7 



590 

905 

50 

50 

10 

36 

15 

32 

85 

188 

187 

27 

5 

5 

116 
184 
9.3 
9.78 

1 

'io 

2 
5 

11 

20 

51 

6 

10 

158 
349 
1.08 



15 

6 

109 

11 

5 
7 

48 
334 

37 

179 

8.83 



NA Not available. 



MAINE 

State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954- 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage ratos are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See toxl] 



23 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workets farms 

1 hired worker firms 

2 hired workers farms 

3 or 4 hired workers farms 

5 to 9 hired workers farms 

10 or more hired workers farms 



reporting, 
persons, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . 

persons. 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
5 reporting. 
i reporting. 
9 reporting. 



1 hired worker farms r 

2 hired workers farms r 

3 or 4 hired workers farms r 

5 to 9 hired workers farms r 

10 or more hired workers farms r 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reoorting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis. farms reporting . 

persons . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting., 

$85 (o $109 per month farms reporting . . 

$110 to $129 per month. farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. , 

$215 to $274 per month Tamis reporting. , 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting . . 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. , 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. , 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. . 



Economic class, 1959-Conunued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Average hours worked per person per week hours . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to 529 per week farms reporting . 

$30 to 539 per week farms reporting . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to 559 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week rarms reporting . 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting . 

$30 to $89 per week farms reporting. 

$90 and over per week farms reporti ng . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . 

Average wage rate per person per day dollars. 

Under $4 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day. farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting . 

$9 per day 'arms reporting. 

$10 per day farms reporting. 

$11 per day farms reporting. 

$12 and over per day. farms reporting. . 

Paid 00 an hourly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . 

Average wage rale per person per hour dollars . . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. 

SO. 45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour. farms reporting.. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. , 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour. farms reporting. , 

$1.45 and over per hour ferms reporting. , 

Paid on a piece-work basis farm? reporting . . 

persons . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enomeratio-i farms re;mrting. . 

r Jsons. . 
Average earnings per person lollars . . 



394 

742 

258 

84 

32 

10 

10 

277 

343 

237 

24 

16 



184 
399 
129 
30 
15 



210 

67 

117 

48 
48 
179 
116 
6 
10 
10 

15 
6 
1 



213 
274 
42 
A3 
20 
25 
30 
17 
36 
50 
25 
10 



55 

65 

8.4 

8.31 

"5 

10 

5 

10 

10 

5 

5 



105 

258 

0.98 



279 

534 

189 

50 

20 

15 

5 

152 

187 

127 

20 

5 



157 
347 
102 
20 
20 
10 
5 

122 

30 
127 

26 
31 
187 

118 

5 
15 



40 

60 

7.3 

5.75 

15 

5 

5 



5 

5 

5 

117 

297 

1.12 



64 


71 


15 


21 




10 


1 




23 


35 


97 


55 


13 


15 


21 


25 


6.67 


4.40 



30 

26 

15 

20 

201 

238 



10 

20 

9.0 

10.00 



10 

15 

1.12 



214 

313 

166 

21 

25 

1 

1 

103 

149 

80 

11 

10 

1 

1 

127 
164 
101 
20 
5 
1 

87 
16 
111 

22 
34 
166 
197 



77 

114 

46 

56 

5 



21 

41 

11.7 

9.44 



86 
100 
1.05 

10 
5 
5 
5 



21 

24 

11 

12 

2.92 



126 
182 
95 

11 
20 



75 

105 

50 

20 

5 



51 
15 
60 

15 
20 
136 

184 



15 

35 

12.3 

9.71 



45 

50 

1.04 



66 
66 

66 



15 
15 
15 



53. 
53 

51 



5 
5 

210 
125 



10 
10 
50 
78 



8.0 
7.83 



40 

40 

0.95 



10 
5 



5 
4.00 



5 
5 

1.00 



24 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of writers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workers farms 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workere 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



reporting 
persons 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 

reporting 
persons 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 

arms reporting 
persons 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 

arms reporting 
arms reporting 
'arms reporting 



Paid on a monthly basis farms 



Average hours worked per person per month 

Average wage rate per person per month 

Under £50 per month farms 

$50 to $84 per month farms 

$S5 to $109 per month farms 

$110 to $129 per month farms 

$130 to $169 per month farms 

$170 to $214 per month farms 

$215 to $274 per month farms 

$275 to $324 per month farms 

$325 to $374 per month farms 

$375 and over per month farms 



reporting 
persons 
. . . hours 
. .dollars 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Paid On a weekly basis farms reporting. 

persons. 

Average hours worked per person per week hours 

Average wage rate per person per week .dollars. 

Under $12 per week. farms reporting. 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting, 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting, 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting, 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. 



Paid on a dai ly basis farms 



Average hours worked per person per day 

Average wage rate per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day. farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms 



reporting. 
persons, 
. . . hours . 
. -dollars, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Average wage rate per person per hour 

Under $0.45 per hour farms 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms 

$1.45 and over per hour farms 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

persons. 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting . 

persons . 
Average earnings per person dollars . 

NA Not available. 



reporting 
persons 
.dollars 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting, 
repnrti ng 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Total all farms 



3,318 
9,017 
1,903 
674 
419 
157 
165 

2,337 

4,064 

1,528 

447 

265 

69 

28 

1,501 

4,953 

986 

222 

97 

67 

129 

1,817 
520 

981 

262 

348 

197 

166 

11 

41 

60 

10 

30 

57 

35 

10 

7 

1 

1,955 

3,349 

48 

52 

50 

127 

108 

162 

290 

628 

452 

84 

17 

37 

468 

891 

9.1 

9.74 

27 

15 

30 

17 

21 

75 

74 

128 

6 

75 

956 

2,260 

1.08 

'45 
10 
11 
61 
18 
608 
133 
25 
45 

236 
2,169 

151 

1,472 

7.99 



5,844 
45,819 

1,750 
681 
655 
995 

1,763 

2,731 

4,977 

1,761 

522 

265 

151 

32 

4,574 
40,842 

1,140 
405 
441 
921 

1,667 

1,270 
1,461 
3,113 

434 

597 

216 

137 

30 

91 

98 

41 

55 

86 

21 

7 



2,219 

4,515 

54 

53 

30 

157 

81 

359 

727 

344 

166 

243 

112 



1,907 

5,110 

9.5 

11.13 

57 

50 

101 

119 

148 

199 

72 

1,161 



1,156 

3,995 

0.90 

20 

67 

10 

36 

296 

104 

565 

26 

32 

2,785 
31,602 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other field-crop 



855 
3,705 
389 
177 
151 
40 
98 

597 

1,060 

357 

148 

70 

17 

5 

457 
2,645 

238 
62 
48 
27 
82 

398 
199 
258 

17 

18 

214 

238 



5 
10 

1 
1 

529 

1,017 

49 

62 



28 

235 
205 

18 
11 
32 

202 

482 

9.5 

11.39 



12 

52 

58 

5 

70 

204 

530 

1.16 



167 
14 



108 
1,658 

66 

1,151 

8.04 



Vegetable 



MAINE 



25 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rales are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or nore hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reportin?.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. . 

Paid On a monthly basis farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Averace hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars . . 

I'nder $50 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting.. 

$85 to $109 per month farms r.-portme. . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. . 

$275 to S324 per month farms reporting . . 

$325 to $374 per month farm* reporting. . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid On a Weekly basis farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under 512 per week farms reporting- ■ 

S12 to $24 oer week farms reporting . . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting.. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting.. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting.. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting.. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. . 

580 to $89 per week farms reporting. . 

590 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid On a daily basis farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per daj hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per day dollars. . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting . . 

$4 per day .farms reporting. . 

55 per day farms reporting. . 

56 per day farms reporting. . 

$7 per day farms reporting. . 

$8 per day farms reporting. . 

$9 per day farms reporting.. 

$10 per day farms reporlins. . 

511 per day farms reporting. . 

$12 and over per day. farms reporting . . . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

\verage wage rate per person per hour dollars . . . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. . 

50.45 to SO. 54 per hour farms reporting. .. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reportine. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour forms reporting. . . 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . . 

$0.65 to $0-99 per hour farms reporting . 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. . , 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. ., 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. . , 

$1.45 anil over per hour farms reporting. . 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting... 

persons. . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. . , 

persons . . . 
\verapo earnings per person dollars . . . 



Type of farm-Con tinuod 



137 


661 


1,115 


987 


1,250 


1,801 


16 


430 


743 


38 


126 


236 


22 


59 


108 


31 


40 


21 


30 


6 


7 


56 


467 


877 


171 


853 


1,272 


26 


306 


643 


10 


79 


140 


7 


59 


77 


7 


17 


15 


6 


6 


2 


111 


263 


388 


816 


397 


529 


22 


221 


318 


22 


28 


59 


16 


1 


6 


27 


11 




24 


2 


5 


26 


398 


727 


30 


69 


150 


81 


194 


238 


2 


49 


132 


4 


81 


158 


285 


190 


204 


238 


173 


145 




5 


5 




1 


30 




10 


45 




10 


15 


1 


22 


20 


1 


1 


12 



13 

47 

7.7 

8.00 

1 
5 



111 
673 
1.09 



28 
216 

17 
139 

8.61 



Poultry 



394 

627 

47 

48 

5 

31 

41 

45 

80 

114 

60 

18 



233 
409 
1.03 



5 
21 
2 

134 

41 

10 

5 

21 
55 

20 

30 

8.17 



770 

1,124 

49 

44 

40 

91 

57 

94 

125 

217 

128 

18 



134 

172 

8.3 

7.30 

20 

5 

20 

5 

10 

37 

10 

27 



186 

243 

l.OO 



20 

6 

133 

21 



32 

104 



Livestock 
ranches 



Livestock r&rms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 

and livestock 

ranches 



60 
178 

33 
6 

11 
5 
5 

50 
162 
23 

7 
10 

5 
5 

16 
16 
16 



44 


36 


6 


11 


10 


11 


11 


16 


11 


17 


UJQ 


214 


73 


210 



42 

143 
37 



6 

16 

8.1 

7.88 



7 

8 

1.05 



58 

125 

33 

13 
5 
6 

1 

47 
88 
27 

13 
5 

1 
1 

22 
37 

17 



1 

1 

10.0 

10.00 



28 

55 

0.99 



22 

1 



Miscellaneous 

and 

unclassified 



26 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figurea on number of workers and wage rates are foe hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



100 to 139 acres 



Hired WOrkefS. farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers :.. . .farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. , 

Paid OH a monthly baSiS farms reporting . . 

persons. , 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dol lars . , 

Under $50 per month farms reporting . . 

$50 to SK4 per month farms reporting. . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. , 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting.. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. . 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. . 

$375 and over per month. farms reporting . . 

Paid On a weekly basis farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week. farms reporting . . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting . . 

$30 to $89 per week farms reporting . . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting . . 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting.. 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

Averagt wage rate per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting. . 

$4 per day farms reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting . . 

$6 per day farms reporting . . 

$7 per day farms reporting . . 

$8 per day farms reporting . . 

$9 per day farms reporting . . 

$10 per day farms reporting. . 

$11 per day farms reporting. . 

$12 and over per day farms reporting. . 

Paid 00 an hourly basis farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars . . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting . . 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting . . 

persons. . 
Average earnings per person .dollars . . 

HA Not available. 



3,318 
9,017 
1,903 
674 
419 
157 
165 

2,337 

•4,064 

1,528 

447 

265 

69 

28 

1,501 

4,953 

986 

222 

97 
67 

129 

1,817 
520 
981 

262 

348 

197 

166 

11 

41 

60 

10 

30 

57 

35 

10 

7 

1 

1,955 

3,349 

48 

52 

50 

127 

108 

162 

290 

628 

452 

84 

17 

37 

468 

891 

9.1 

9.74 

27 

15 

30 

17 

21 

75 

74 

128 

6 

75 

956 

2,260 

1.08 

45 
10 
11 
61 
18 
608 
133 
25 
45 

236 
2,169 

151 
1,472 
7.99 



5,844 
45,819 

1,750 
681 
655 
995 

1,763 

2,731 

4,977 

1,761 

522 

265 

151 

32 

4,574 
40,842 

1,140 
405 
441 
921 

1,667 

1,270 
1,461 
3,113 

434 

597 

216 

137 

30 

91 

98 

41 

55 

86 

21 

7 



2,219 

4,515 

54 

53 

30 

157 

81 

359 

727 

344 

166 

243 

112 



1,907 

5,110 

9.5 

11.13 
57 
50 
101 
119 
148 
199 
72 

1,161 



1,156 

3,995 

0.90 

20 

67 

10 

36 

296 

104 

565 

26 

32 

2,785 
31,602 

NA 
MA 



127 
378 
55 
21 
25 
21 
5 

102 
228 
55 
6 
35 
6 

65 

150 

35 

20 

5 
5 

62 
40 
25 

10 

15 

130 

117 



77 
198 
46 
65 



70 
165 
1.01 



200 
373 
117 
40 
32 
11 

130 

218 

87 

20 

17 

6 

95 

155 

70 

15 

5 

5 

105 
25 

70 

22 
33 
160 
140 

5 
10 



128 
190 
50 
52 



20 

8.8 

9.75 



5 

5 

60 
130 
1.01 



113 

246 

95 

10 

2 

6 

58 

77 

50 

5 

2 



56 

169 

45 

5 

1 



57 
1 
55 

16 

18 

200 

172 



20 

25 

8.6 

9.40 



32 

51 

1.11 



10 
105 



5 
5 

6.00 



195 

365 

145 

25 

20 



95 

130 
70 
15 
10 



110 

235 

85 

15 

5 



85 

10 

100 

5 

5 

300 

240 



40 

65 

10.7 

9.46 



70 

110 

1.05 



MAINE 



27 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working :he week preceding the enumeration. Date are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Siro of farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 258 acres 260 to 199 acres 500 to 909 uoros 



1.000 to 
1.999 acres 



2.000 or 
more acres 



Hired workers. farms 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workors (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workors 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



reporting, 
persons, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting . 
persons, 
report! ng . 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting. 
* reporting. 

3 reporting, 
persons . 
3 reporting. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
^ reporting. 

s reporti ng . 
3 repining . 
3 reporting . 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

hours. 

dollars. 

.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.(amis reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting 
. farms report! ng . 

Paid 00 a weekly basis farms reporting. 

persons. 

. . .hours. 

. .dollars . 
a reporting 
3 reporting, 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
3 reporting, 
s reporting , 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting, 

persons. 

. . . hours . 

. .dollars, 
s reporting . 
s reporting, 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting 

reporting. 

reporting, 

reporting 

reporting. 
persons. 
. .dollars, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
report] ng . 
reporting . 
reporting. 



\verago hours worked per person per month . 

Average wage rate per person per nonth 

I'nder $50 per mortUi 

$50 to $84 per month 

$85 to S109 per month 

$110 to S129 per month 

S130 to $169 per month 

¥170 to $214 per month 

$215 to $274 per month 

$275 to $324 per month 

$325 to $374 per month 

$375 and over per month 



Average hours worked per person per week. 

Average wage rate per person per week 

I'nder $12 per week 

$12 to $24 per week 

$25 to $29 per week 

$30 to $39 per week 

$40 to $49 per week 

$50 to $59 per week 

$60 to $69 per week 

.$70 to $79 per week 

$90 to $89 per week 

$90 and over per week 



arms r 
arms r 
arms r 
arms r 
arms r 
arms r 
r ilHU 
arms r 
'arms r 



\verage hours worked per person per day 

\verage wage rate per person per day 

I'nder $4 per day farms 

$4 per dn\ farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$1 1 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hoorly basis .. farms 



Average wage rate per person per hour 

1 nder S0.45 per hour farms 

$0.45 to S0.51 per hour farms 

$0.55 to S0.64 per hour forms 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms 

$0.75 to S0.K4 per hour forms 

$0.85 tofll.99 per hour farms 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms 

SI. 15 to $1.29 per hour forms 

SI. 30 to $1.44 per hour farms 

$1.45 and over per hour farms 

Paid On a piece-work basis farms reporting 

persons 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting 

persons 
\veroge earnings per jiermn dollars 



306 
790 
200 
45 
25 
11 
25 

196 
248 
160 
25 



136 
542 
80 
11 
10 
10 
25 

170 
26 

110 



199 
199 



175 
205 
47 
50 
10 
5 
15 
15 
55 
30 
30 
10 



41 

60 

9.2 

9.83 

5 

10 



85 

140 
0.97 



60 
370 

25 

105 

7.00 



371 
693 
250 
55 
46 
10 
10 

251 
312 
210 
21 
20 



181 
381 
126 
25 
15 
10 
5 

190 
61 

120 

35 

35 

217 

143 

5 

5 

10 



201 
273 
44 
47 
10 
5 
25 
20 
10 
91 
40 



45 

90 

8.1 

7.78 

15 



5 

20 

5 

110 

125 

1.15 



25 

170 

20 

155 

8.16 



250 
1,050 

175 
30 
20 

25 

165 

190 

150 

5 

10 



100 

860 

50 

15 

10 



150 
15 
85 

35 

50 

158 

187 

5 

10 

5 



120 

205 

58 

64 

5 



30 

50 

9.0 

10.20 



5 

10 

5 

5 

60 
295 
1.05 



25 

450 

15 

415 
5.72 



859 

2,399 

448 

220 

113 

45 

33 

664 
1,108 

419 

152 

71 

21 

1 

376 
1,291 

246 
61 
21 
15 
33 

483 
181 
195 

72 
92 
201 
138 

15 
20 

15 
11 
11 



531 

833 

49 

50 

10 

40 

15 

50 

61 

178 

139 

23 

15 

196 

365 

9.3 

10.49 



214 
503 

1.11 



10 

5 

153 

31 
5 
5 

37 
606 

27 

559 

9.38 



444 

,410 

150 

146 

90 

33 

25 

367 
875 
131 
137 
69 
19 
11 

161 
535 
96 
26 

16 

12 
11 

283 
84 
77 

23 
38 
222 

158 

5 

5 



328 

723 

49 

56 

5 

20 

10 

30 

16 

117 

107 

7 

10 

6 

31 

94 

8.7 

9.95 



112 
395 
1.11 



1 
5 
6 
71 
13 
5 
6 

27 
160 

25 

85 

8.29 



95 

408 
31 
21 
17 
15 
11 

83 
252 
30 
25 
13 
9 
6 

37 
156 

18 
8 
2 
6 
3 

58 
25 

12 

7 

10 

223 

210 

1 



65 

201 

53 

53 

2 

2 
7 
15 
18 
11 



13 

34 

9.1 

8.15 

1 



29 

83 

1.11 



3 

17 

11.47 



28 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text/] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Land In farms acres . , 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average si ze of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres. farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres. farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . 

acres . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . - 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use piactices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

acres . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number . . 

Average age ■ years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER rNCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off f.'irm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting , 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm operated. . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres numbor. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number. 

See footnotes at end of tnblo. 



17,342 

100.0 

3,077,852 

100.0 

177.5 

14,582 
83.19 

15,116 

707,155 

2,813 

2,497 

2,004 

2,793 

3,259 

1,359 

372 

15 

4 

7,786 

176,469 

6,108 

213,604 

2,009 

53,495 

4,786 

160,109 

3.820 

172,394 

13,438 

1,521,834 

4,606 

128,388 

1,046 

16,519 

124 

1,549 

486 
7,024 

604 
19,631 

538 

17,829 

328 

12,785 



17,255 
266 
1,784 
3,500 
4,234 
3,919 
3,552 
51.9 



9,555 
2,538 
1,219 
5,798 
3,087 

4,441 

6,315 

7,787 
1,671 
3,665 

1,949 



790 
2,700 
1,616 
2,122 
2,701 
1,843 
1,428 

875 
2,305 

757 

157 
48 



9,785 

56.4 

2,241,525 

72.8 

229.1 

19,480 
85.24 

8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 

135,087 

3,859 

149,983 

1,677 

47,052 

2,754 

102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 

1,369 

415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 

5,790 
1,165 
2,026 



475 

779 

581 

927 

1,466 

1,153 

1,003 

700 

1,884 

636 

137 

44 



935 

5.4 

368,825 

12.0 

394.5 

46,145 
115.74 

729 

109,083 

29 

69 

42 

43 

70 

285 

178 

10 

3 

324 

15,430 

492 

46,652 

273 

16,431 

358 

30,221 

106 

5,243 

704 

167,684 

209 

9,276 

37 

865 

32 

825 

63 
1,924 

137 
7,607 

130 

7,874 

51 

2,735 



914 
15 
112 
292 
267 
166 
62 
46.7 



246 

106 

49 

91 

31 

143 

24 

689 

80 

204 



65 
79 
50 
57 
66 
33 
63 
50 
229 
181 
47 
15 



1,825 

10.5 

442,213 

14.4 

242.3 

25,008 
103.86 

1,540 

132,849 

60 

70 

87 

155 

678 

409 

77 

3 

1 

768 

28,505 

847 

30,944 

498 

13,670 

564 

17,274 

298 

14,216 

1,500 

195,240 

434 

14,166 

148 

3,189 

7 

104 

60 
1,187 

208 
7,877 

185 
6,935 

101 
4,410 



1,810 
26 

217 
447 
527 
428 
165 
48.5 



636 

367 

87 

182 

142 

300 

140 

1,189 
206 

344 



105 
145 
80 
165 
245 
225 
170 
145 
370 
130 
32 
13 



2,533 

14.6 

597,719 

19.4 

236.0 



18,677 
79.09 

2,237 
157,823 
131 
100 
158 
391 
989 
408 



1,413 

37,835 

1,039 

31 , 581 

462 

10,490 

703 

21,091 

601 

32,270 

2,095 

286,691 

710 

25,342 

257 

4,295 

20 

175 

95 

930 

152 
2,857 

127 

1,915 

91 

4,290 



2,528 
45 
333 
652 
734 
494 
270 
48.1 



1,099 
635 
168 
296 
311 

470 

277 

1,434 
304 
449 



120 
145 
116 
200 
370 
335 
275 
205 
560 
170 
30 
7 



MAINE 



29 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms ^ number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

60 to 99 acres forms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil -erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years .number 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators report! ng 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

160 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,099 

12.1 

434,617 

14.1 

207.1 

13,371 
66.43 

1,928 
102,423 
96 
117 
255 
602 
678 
150 
30 



1,276 

30,647 

671 

16,010 

248 

3,080 

464 

12,930 

716 

39,591 

1,669 

207,093 

703 

21,253 

186 

2,890 

15 

75 

111 
2,213 

66 
716 

36 
225 

20 
300 



2,089 
40 
191 
415 
598 
497 
348 
51.2 



943 
343 
202 
398 
303 



1,156 
290 
431 



165 

90 

165 

370 

260 

265 

190 

420 

70 

19 

5 



1,71* 

9.9 

307,606 

10.0 

179.5 

12,244 
66.84 

1,518 
61,643 
120 
216 
271 
497 
333 
66 
15 



900 

18,565 

604 

19,986 

151 

2,086 

494 

17,900 

442 

24,672 

1,358 

157,134 

457 

14,335 

115 

965 

20 

190 



71 

415 

10 
260 

30 
595 

15 
235 



1,709 
30 
160 
276 
398 
359 
486 
53.7 



826 
260 
166 
400 
289 



. 



888 
230 
466 



90 
150 
135 
210 
305 
210 
185 

85 
255 

80 
6 
3 



679 

3.9 

90,545 

2.9 

133.4 



8,312 
62.36 



594 
15,109 
135 
130 
110 
142 
76 



246 
4,105 

206 

4,810 

45 

1,295 

171 
3,515 

157 
6,170 

499 
50,367 

165 

4,730 

30 

170 



5 
125 



679 
10 
45 
71 
200 
353 



245 
245 



434 

55 

132 



15 

95 

110 

130 

110 

90 

45 

25 

50 

5 

3 

1 



5,308 

30.6 

554,399 

18.0 

104.4 



8,396 
80.24 



4,596 

85,269 

1,617 

1,251 

770 

632 

295 

31 



2,033 

27,085 

1,591 

39,723 

267 

5,373 

1,409 

34,350 

1,002 

27,510 

3,937 

314,190 

1,404 

26,081 

186 

2,330 

10 

25 

65 
215 

20 
265 

20 
110 

40 
640 



5,283 
100 
726 
1,342 
1,504 
1,611 

46.8 



4,961 

271 

461 

4,229 

1,801 

2,134 

4,569 

347 
175 
262 



195 
1,501 
755 
835 
810 
460 
285 
105 
276 
76 



2,221 

12.8 

266,346 

8.7 

119.9 



8,524 
71.22 



1,946 
38,176 
625 
539 
306 
331 
135 
10 



814 

12,719 

647 

23,283 

60 

1,060 

612 

22,223 

492 

22,462 

1,663 

136,687 

522 

12,905 

85 

1,685 

20 

155 

5 
50 

5 
5 



5 

125 



2,221 



2,221 
71.8 



593 
311 
81 
201 
145 

478 

493 

1,628 

326 

1,372 



120 

415 

280 

360 

425 

225 

140 

70 

140 

35 

10 

1 



28 

0.2 

15,582 

0.5 

556.5 



65,909 
187.10 



28 
4,780 



5 

li 



12 

1,578 

11 

615 

5 

10 

11 

605 

6 

260 

13 

6,748 

2 

300 

2 

130 



1 
10 

1 
34 

5 
50 

5 
50 



5 
6 

11 



5 
1 
5 

5 

5 

22 
5 

5 



5 
10 
1 
2 



30 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All (arm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Cash tenants number. . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number . . 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number. . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number. . 

Tobacco farms number.. 

Cotton farms. number . . 

Other field-crop farms number . . 

Vegetable farms number . . 

Frui (-a/id- nut farms number.. 

Poultry farms number. . 

Dairy farms number . . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number . . 

General farms number . . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines Farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number. . 

1 tractor farms reporting . . 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

4 tractors farms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) .farms reporting . . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile forms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

s or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. , 

persons . , 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . , 

persons.. 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . , 

2 hired workers farms reporting., 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13,759 

3,071 

353 

160 

6 

20 

5 

162 

13,754 

3,066 

353 

5 
5 



2,457 
157 
403 

2,243 

3,257 
338 
259 

8,207 



1,063 

1,077 

48 

48 

3,089 

3,137 

805 

837 

11,617 

17,314 

12,217 

20,467 

11,081 

17,793 

6,603 

3,018 

1,020 

289 

151 

10,766 

16,289 

1,348 

1,504 

2,548 

2,674 

14,355 

17,205 

16,231 

14,251 

9,132 

4,307 

4,315 

273 

3,528 

12,064 

2,736 

2,350 

1,225 

1,125 

656 

367 

41 

61 



3,318 
9,017 
2,337 
4,064 

1,528 

447 

265 

69 

28 



16,153 
738 

451 



7,051 

2,437 

177 

95 



5 
71 

7,051 

2,432 

177 



2,457 
157 
403 
2,243 
3,257 
338 
259 
650 



1,001 

1,015 

38 

38 

2,743 

2,786 

765 

792 

7,911 

12,907 

8,024 

15,014 

7,569 

13,605 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 

12,582 

934 

1,023 

1,323 

1,409 

8,421 
10,219 
9,516 
8,634 
5,873 
3,709 
3,696 
251 
3,296 

6,856 

1,677 

1,160 

609 

551 

316 

169 

3U 

36 



3,104 
8,704 
2,234 
3,915 

1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 



9,030 
496 
259 



728 

175 

2 



728 

175 

2 



400 
1 

34 
395 

76 

2 

27 



247 

250 

6 

6 

213 

215 

75 

87 

767 

2,174 

759 

2,296 

711 

2,114 

155 

122 

211 

128 

95 

679 

1,885 

198 

229 

155 

182 

860 
1,283 
907 
898 
661 
133 
137 
36 
476 



697 

101 

88 

49 

39 

21 

12 

5 

1 



687 
3,199 

588 
1,518 

232 
152 
143 
45 
16 



770 

108 

57 



1,350 

406 

45 

20 



1,350 

406 

45 



750 
15 
27 
662 
307 
16 
17 
31 



308 
319 
15 
15 
526 
534 
205 
212 
1,648 
2,987 

1,602 

3,464 

1,507 

3,162 

439 

647 

325 

82 

14 

1,485 

2,981 

180 

181 

287 

302 

1,696 

2,087 

1,815 

1,748 

1,285 

458 

442 

102 

728 



1,369 

290 

164 

99 

65 

30 

30 

5 



836 
1,847 

657 
1,067 

428 
146 

65 
7 

11 



1,713 
83 
29 



1,699 

766 

35 

20 

5 



1,699 

766 

35 



837 
31 
24 

576 

900 
32 
19 

108 



264 
264 

12 
12 
844 
865 
333 
339 
2,140 
3,332 

2,198 

4,038 

2,103 

3,725 

841 

972 

243 

30 

17 

2,080 

3,539 

180 

186 

302 

313 

2,293 
2,770 
2,483 
2,324 
1,663 
1,055 
1,038 
67 
982 

1,769 

426 

327 

186 

141 

75 

51 

10 

5 



852 

2,305 

530 

760 

404 
84 
26 
16 



2,384 
98 
51 



MAINE 



31 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class— tbnlinued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All fatm operators; 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number , . 

Cash tenants ■ number . , 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . , 

All tenants number . , 

Nonwhjte farm operators; 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number.. 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number . , 

Tobacco farms number . . 

Cotton farms number . , 

Other field-crop farms number . . 

Vegetable farms number. . 

Fruit- aod-nut farms number . . 

Poultry farms number . 

Dairy farms number. . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number . . 

Genera] farms numlier . . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting, . 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number. , 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number. . 

reporting.. 

reporting.. 

number., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
repotting.. 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
rerorting. 

number. . 
reporting. . 

number., 
reporting., 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reporting . , 

number. 

Automobiles and or motortrucks farms reporting. , 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting.. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mite to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting . . 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM HOUR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 



Tractors farms 

Tractors other than garden farms 

1 tractor farms 

2 tractors farms 

3 tractors farms 

4 tractors farms 

5 or more tractors farms 

Wheel tractors farms 

Crawler tractors farms 

Garden tractors farms 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 



.farms 
..farms 

.farms 
..farms 
..farms 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



1,421 
625 
45 
35 



1,421 
625 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



320 
35 

103 

310 

1,094 

53 

31 

148 



87 

87 

5 

5 

725 

727 

122 

124 

1,749 

2,298 

1,789 

2,788 

1,709 

2,529 

1,042 

535 

123 

2 

7 

1,682 

2,316 

184 

213 

246 

259 

1,770 
2,004 
2,048 
1,808 
1,235 
1,187 
1,172 
31 
738 

1,435 
398 
251 
135 
116 
85 
21 
5 
5 



394 
742 
277 
343 

237 
24 
16 



1,962 
101 

36 



1,311 

353 

45 

20 



5 
20 

1,311 
348 
45 



130 
45 
148 
220 
780 
96 
80 
215 



370 

375 

30 

30 

1,189 

1,581 

1,254 

1,869 

1,157 

1,606 

820 

276 

35 

11 

15 

1,118 

1,444 

140 

162 

248 

263 

1,345 

1,577 

1,669 

1,433 

789 

786 

791 

10 

317 

1,202 

297 

210 

95 

115 

55 

35 

5 

20 



279 
534 

152 

187 

127 

20 

5 



1,619 
60 
35 



542 

112 

5 



542 

112 

5 



20 
30 
67 

80 
100 
141 
110 
121 



418 
535 

422 

559 
382 
469 
320 

47 
5 

10 

357 
417 
52 
52 
85 
90 

457 
498 
594 
423 
240 

90 

116 

5 

55 

384 
165 
120 
45 
75 
50 
20 



582 
46 
51 



4,634 

508 

161 

60 

20 



4,629 
508 
161 



5,308 



50 

50 

5 

5 

282 

282 

31 

36 

2,799 

3,328 

3,216 

4,169 

2,691 

3,213 

2,274 

338 

63 

16 

2,569 
2,809 
342 
404 
931 
956 

4,495 

5,375 

4,941 

3,947 

2,620 

360 

356 

10 

187 



3,696 
744 
808 
406 
402 
240 
132 
5 
25 



126 
182 
66 
77 

60 
1 
5 



4,996 
191 
121 



2,074 

126 

15 

5 



2,074 
126 
15 



2,221 



6 
6 
5 
5 
51 
51 
1 
1 
879 
1,002 

949 

1,201 

793 

899 

702 

76 

15 



768 
823 
71 
76 
287 
302 

1,423 

1,585 

1,746 

1,642 

633 

225 

250 

6 

27 



1,484 
315 
382 
210 
172 
100 
66 
6 



13 
18 
8 
8 
28 
77 

28 
83 
28 
76 
10 
5 

10 
3 
28 
75 
1 
1 
7 
7 

16 
26 

28 
28 

6 
13 
13 

6 
18 



2,105 
51 
65 



22 
65 
22 

57 

5 

10 
5 

1 
1 



22 
6 



32 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text/] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AM' LIME 



Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 



Dry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



Corn 

rry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials . 

Oats 

Dry materials... . 

Liquid materials. 
Irish potatoes. 

Dry materials. . . . 

Liquid materials. 



All other crops 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Lime or liming materials used during the year. . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poulbry 

Under $100. 

$100 to $999 

SI, 000 to S1.999 

S2.000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under $1,000 

$1,000 to 52,499 

S2, 500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$200 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Hired labor 

Under $200 

$200 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

55,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds , bul bs, pi ants , and trees 

Under $100. 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under S100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



: reporting. , 
on which used.. 

tons. 
'arms reporting., 

tons. , 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 

arms report ng . 
acres . . 
arms reporting. , 

tons., 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 

arms reporting. , 
acres . . 
arms reporting . , 
tons., 
arms reporting . 
tons.. 

arms reporting . , 

acres., 

arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting . . 

tons.. 

arms reporting. 

acres.. 

s reporting. 

tons. . 

arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting., 
acres , . 
arms reporting., 

tons., 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting, 
acres . 

'arms r, i-rinu' . 

tons., 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 

acres limed . 

tons, 



reporting. 
reporting, 
dollars . 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting. 



reporting., 
dollars . . 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting . . 
reporting. . 

; report! ng . , 
dollars., 

5 reporting . . 
5 reporting., 
> reporting. , 

3 reporting. . 
dollars., 
reporting., 
reporting . , 
reporting., 
p |«,rtmg , 
reporting. , 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 

reporting, 
dollars . . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting., 
reporting., 

reporting, 
dollars, 
reporting, 
reporting., 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



7,419 

266,000 

152,116 

7,349 

151,486 

160 

630 

3,456 

76,968 

3,435 

10,149 

26 

57 

660 

6,978 

650 

1,992 

10 

24 

943 

7,802 

938 

2,749 

5 

3 

1,046 

20,199 

983 

3,335 

78 

105 

2,938 

132,276 

2,927 

116,114 

27 

417 

1,743 
a, 777 
1,723 
7,147 
40 
24 

4,589 
81,616 
68,554 



16,982 
13,493 
50,730,406 
2,289 
5,466 
1,429 
1,967 
2,342 

6,759 
10,905,203 
4,651 
834 
595 
470 
209 

5,407 

1,133,397 

3,781 

1,502 

124 

8,484 

21,735,346 

2,054 

1,322 

941 

1,686 

1,346 

638 

351 

130 

16 

5,864 

2,317,778 

3,533 

1,319 

460 

552 

15,105 
5,584,485 
5,623 
6,069 
2,078 
1,284 
51 



5,874 

255,141 

147,991 

5,819 

147,395 

130 

596 

2,744 
71,227 

2,728 
18,314 

21 
42 

553 
6,078 

543 

1,685 

10 

24 

856 
7,436 

856 
2,613 



963 

19,608 

900 

3,180 

73 

102 

2,679 

131,444 

2,668 

115,362 

27 

417 

1,078 

19,348 

1,073 

6,241 

20 

11 

3,889 
75,416 
63,161 



9,780 
7,763 
48,745,665 
657 
1,725 
1,170 
1,882 
2,329 

4,603 
10,559,094 

2,526 
818 
580 
470 
209 

3,576 

953,691 

2,162 

1,296 

118 

7,005 

21,085,317 

1,123 

1,039 

779 

1,635 

1,316 

618 

350 

130 

15 

4,112 

2,217,572 

1,965 

1,176 

439 

532 

9,497 
5,081,541 
1,595 
4,589 
1,997 
1,265 
51 



554 

80,578 

51,818 

524 

51,725 

34 

93 

148 

10,371 

142 

2,422 

6 

2 

31 
360 

26 
162 

5 

4 

44 

1,157 

44 

365 



155 

7,485 

138 

1,016 

22 

50 

367 

53,918 

366 

46,033 

1 

33 

127 
7,287 

122 
1,727 

5 
4 

393 
19,523 
12,882 



935 

687 

18,441,860 

46 

107 
20 
25 

489 

572 
4,149,447 

138 
79 
58 

129 

168 

345 
267,056 
108 
194 
43 

883 

9,213,641 

10 

72 

53 

65 

128 

158 

259 

123 

15 

438 
1,151,927 

46 
103 

56 
233 

919 
1,461,327 

78 
199 
121 
476 

45 



1,218 

72,304 

45,869 

1,198 

45,656 

41 

213 

453 

16,841 

448 

4,611 

5 

8 

135 

2,791 

130 

801 

5 

20 

96 

1,287 

96 

483 



301 

6,209 

270 

848 

31 

36 

773 
41,791 

768 

37, 501 

11 

149 

140 
3,385 

140 
1,412 



851 
20,718 
16,491 



1,825 

1,345 

14,445,612 

104 

205 

26 

93 

917 

1,018 
3,094,630 
319 
223 
200 
255 
21 

620 

141,643 

370 

222 

28 

1,602 
5,767,109 
86 
152 
82 
262 
614 
359 
40 



836 

441, 221 

251 

277 
167 
141 

1,795 
1,302,170 
162 
537 
635 
460 
1 



1,793 
66,296 
34,554 
1,788 
34,274 
35 
280 

919 

25,628 

919 

5,969 

5 

30 

176 

1,682 

176 

393 



344 

3,105 

344 

989 



291 

4,029 

281 

886 

15 
14 

936 
28,362 

931 

24,946 

15 

235 

241 

3,490 

241 

1,091 

5 

1 

1,166 
19,272 
18,137 



2,533 
2,042 
9,237,249 
166 
286 
145 
745 
700 

1,252 

2,135,373 

657 

273 

246 

56 

20 

1,013 

215,477 

678 

316 

19 

2,012 
4,074,542 
225 
228 
2H 
787 
436 
69 
46 



1,071 
395,647 
420 
389 
136 
126 

2,493 

1,234,210 

231 

1,218 

836 

203 

5 



MAINE 



33 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data we based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class— Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part- retirement 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 



Dry materials.. . . 
Liquid materials. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Corn 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Oats 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



All other crops 
Dry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Lime or liming materials used during the year. . 



Under S100 

$100 to $999 

$1,000 to $1,999 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry. 



Under $1,000.... 
$1,000 to $2,499 . 
$2,500 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . 
$10,000 or more. . 



Machine hire . 



Under $200 

$200 to $999 
$1,000 or more. . 

Hired labor. 



Under $200. 

$200to$499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499... 
$2,500 to $4,999 .. . 
$5,000 to $9,999... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999. 
$50,000 or more 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 



Under $100. . . 
$100 to $499 . 
$500 to $999 . 
$1,000 or more 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business .... 



arms reporting, 
on which used . 

tons. 
5 reporting. 

tons. 
arms reporting. 

tons. 



arms reporting, 
acres . 
arms reporting, 
tons. 
arms reporting, 
tons. 

t reporting, 
acres . 
'arms reporting. 
tons. 
[ reporting, 
tons. 

arms reporting, 
acres, 
i reporting, 
tons, 
arms reporting, 
tons. 

arms reporting, 
acres. 
'arms reporting . 

tons, 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

tons, 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 

acres. 

arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 

tons. 

■ms reporting . 

acres limed. 

tons. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



Any of the following specified expenditures farms 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms 



Under $100 

$100to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting, 
reporting, 
dollars . 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 
dollars. 
> reporting. 
5 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 

i reporting, 
dollars. 
5 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
3 reporting. 

3 reporting . 
iiillur- . 
? reporting. 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
5 reporting. 
; reporting. 
5 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
5 reporting. 

s reporting, 
dollars . 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
s reporting. 

s reporting, 
dollars. 
9 reporting. 
s reporting, 
s reporting. 
s reporting, 
s reporting. 



1,325 
24,957 
11,334 
1,325 
11,325 
15 
9 

•747 

12,846 

742 

3,739 

5 

2 

136 
885 
136 
247 



242 

1,462 

242 

542 



121 

1,035 

116 

199 

5 

2 

402 
6,047 

402 
5,564 



244 

2,682 

244 

1,034 

5 

5 

936 

10,742 
10,866 



2,094 
1,775 

-.. to,: 

131 
263 
449 
724 
208 

864 

761,269 

641 

167 

31 

25 

826 

191,505 

489 

325 

12 

1,407 

1,328,333 

364 

317 

282 

317 

95 

27 

5 



920 

140,152 

636 

212 
55 
17 



2,047 
662,069 

307 
1,365 

295 



744 

9,456 

3,758 

744 

3,757 

5 

1 

382 
4,746 

382 
1,325 



60 
325 
60 



105 
355 
105 
180 



80 
645 

80 
175 



176 
1,271 

176 
1,271 



201 

2,114 

201 

729 

5 
1 

443 
4,106 
4,100 



1,714 

1,377 

1,891,235 

100 

527 

475 

260 

15 

672 
353,450 
566 
66 
35 
5 

560 

103,895 

367 

183 

10 

923 

585,662 
341 
235 
136 
179 
27 
5 



647 

74,375 

447 

170 

15 
15 



1,654 

334,385 

516 

1,022 

80 

36 



240 
,550 
658 
240 
658 



95 
795 

95 
248 



15 
205 
15 
56 



125 
390 
125 
248 



100 

1,055 

685 



679 

537 

350,165 

110 

337 

55 

35 

225 
64,925 
205 
10 
10 



212 

34,115 

150 

56 

6 

178 
116,025 
97 
35 
5 
25 
16 



200 

14,250 

165 

25 

10 



87,380 
301 



248 
30 
10 



1,080 
6,616 
2,500 
1,070 
2,468 
25 
32 



3,485 

483 

1,246 



101 
795 
101 
272 



65 

205 
60 
65 
5 
3 

45 

325 

45 

76 

5 

3 

165 

365 
165 
311 



426 

1,441 

416 

498 

15 

11 

531 
3,463 
3,473 



i,068 

4,167 

1,206,578 

1,192 

2,777 

148 

50 

1,606 
254,066 

1,581 
15 
10 



1,236 

104,285 

1,096 

140 

960 
281,305 
610 
183 
122 
25 
20 



1,207 
70,035 

1,087 
95 
10 
15 

4,040 

340,025 

2,944 

1,034 

56 

6 



437 

2,427 

1,001 

432 

999 

5 

2 

211 

1,270 

211 

300 



87 

87 
348 



216 
607 
211 
291 

5 
2 

151 

1,380 
975 



2,106 

1,540 

540,640 

440 

964 

106 

30 

528 

61,883 

528 



578 

55,123 

513 

65 

492 

171,474 

321 

95 

40 

21 

10 

5 



527 

21,833 

476 

41 
10 



1,540 

135,469 

1,084 

441 

10 

5 



28 

1,816 

624 



13 

986 

13 

289 



1 
60 

1 
15 



7 

146 

7 

64 



12 

175 
12 
46 



7 
68 

7 
93 



23 

381 

23 

117 



18 

1,357 

945 



28 

23 

237,523 



5 

5 
13 

22 
30,160 

16 
1 

5 



17 
20,298 

10 
1 
6 

27 
197,250 

5 

5 

15 

1 

1 
18 
8,338 
5 
7 
1 
5 

28 
27,450 

5 

15 
8 



34 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold toul, dollars... 

average per farm, dollars . . . 
All crops sold dollars... 

Field crops, other Ulan vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . , 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . . 

Dairy products sold dollars .. , 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting. . , 

number . . , 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.., 

number. ., 

Mitk cows farms reporting . . . 

number.., 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. ., 

number . . 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting . . , 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 4 head. farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head, farms reporting.. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head. farms reporting . . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or mm head. forms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head. farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head. farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head. farms reporting.. 

100 of more head farms reporting.. 

HOfSeS and/Of mutes farms reporting. . 

number. . 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Born since June 1 farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

number,. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Ewes farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting . . 

number . . 

dollars . . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number. . 

dollars. . 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting.. 

pounds . 

dollars . . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 

dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



171,692,584 

9,900 

72,189,843 

55,424,440 

2,260,261 

6,046,662 

8,458,480 

99,502,741 

60,593,045 

31,856,182 

7,053,514 



10,719 

199,045 

9,732 

105,213 

9,155 

96,652 

8,701 
76,779 

6,177 
17,053 



947 
2,970 
1,913 
1,506 
2,404 
802 
177 



2,645 

3,562 

1,495 

1,088 

727 

141 

41 



33 



2,686 

3,199 

1,333 

1,056 

685 

135 

35 

26 

4,088 
8,746 
4,079 

27,047 
1,707 

14,162 
2,950 

12,885 

1,573 
39,472 

1,132 
12,793 

1,412 
26,679 

1,347 

24,673 

909 

2,006 

6,035 
4,593,286 



7,741 

82,972 

5,674,030 

858 

24,130 

820,420 

913 

19,151 

248,963 

4,858 

641,586,842 

31,856,182 

3,649 
36,089,139 

3,252 
49,807,344 
24,405,599 



166,151,948 

16,980 

69,388,440 

54,445,304 

2,072,391 

5,384,374 

7,486,371 

96,763,508 

59,986,999 

30,933,878 

5,842,631 



6,155 
171,684 

5,813 
94,794 

5,553 
88,055 

5,363 

65,538 

3,777 

11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
801 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

685 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,650 
973 

10,333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 
24,172 

569 
7,961 

673 
16,211 

648 
15,020 

450 
1,191 

3,482 
4,441,586 



4,961 

72,446 

4,816,317 

506 

19,793 

672,962 

461 

11,930 

155,090 

3,999 

622,282,725 

30,933,878 

2,975 
36,018,208 

2,211 
48,750,743 
23,887,864 



61,100,617 

65,348 

27,884,412 

22,595,520 

506,947 

2,461,607 

2,320,338 

33,216,205 

29,071,111 

3,595,993 

549,101 



381 

16,472 

338 

8,952 

296 

7,832 

330 
6,451 

257 
1,069 



115 
53 

5 
32 
37 
20 

8 
26 

110 
314 
191 
1,075 
99 
589 
115 
486 

66 
4,615 

43 
1,274 

60 
3,341 

60 
3,218 

38 
123 

269 
1,647,605 



247 

5,865 

485,606 

50 

578 

19,652 

43 

2,278 

29,614 

130 

71,769,682 

3,595,993 

473 
18,594,190 

202 
21,280,456 
10,427,421 



47,479,549 

26,016 

20,369,076 

17,763,276 

570,318 

913,705 

1,121,777 

27,110,473 

18,678,134 

6,923,996 

1,508,343 



933 
36,066 

878 
19,508 

801 
16,897 

821 

13,838 

645 

2,720 



m 

111 
86 
170 
217 
96 



141 
273 
96 
65 
185 
86 
26 
6 



186 
203 
57 
71 
178 
85 
21 



248 
578 
377 

6,176 
156 

3,722 
273 

2,454 

115 
6,509 

105 
2,231 

115 
4,278 

115 

4,014 

89 

264 

601 
1,394,889 



672 

14,660 

1,176,151 

94 

7,789 

264,826 

90 

3,615 

46,995 

464 

135,817,329 

6,923,996 

802 

10,765,625 

481 

16,146,625 

7,911,847 



34,580,529 

13,652 

13,659,807 

10,919,325 

470,476 

521,800 

1,748,206 

20,920,722 

8,477,909 

10,736,893 

1,705,920 



1,626 
53,491 

1,559 
30,114 

1,491 
28,951 



1,434 

20,728 

954 

2,649 



55 
261 
201 

93 
567 
442 



170 
369 
181 
381 
433 
25 



186 
320 
158 
391 
413 
23 



441 
943 
670 

5,335 
281 

3,071 
475 

2,264 

127 
3,759 

101 
1,428 

112 
2,331 

112 

1,901 

91 

430 

959 
834,305 



1,307 

23,601 

1,432,066 

147 

5,130 

174,420 

80 

1,366 

17,758 

1,108 

213,937,177 

10,736,893 

791 

4,932,370 

582 

7,229,612 

3,542,509 



MAINE 



35 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See tOKt] 



(For definitions nnd enplnnnlions, see levtl 



Economic class— Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables anil fruits and nuts, sold .... dollars , 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. . 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves. . 



arms reporting. 

number. 
; reporting. 

number . 
arms reporting. 

number . 

arms reporting. 

number . 
arms reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting . 

5 to 9 head, farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting . 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows including heifers that have cslved- 

1 head farms reporting. , 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head forms reporting . 

Milk rows— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head. farms reporting . 

.30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head, farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting . , 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. 

Born since June 1 farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number., 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting., 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting., 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting . . 

number., 

Rams and wethers farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting . , 

number., 

Livestock and livestock products sold; 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number., 

dollars., 
Sheep and lambs sold alive. farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. 

pounds . 

dollars.. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting., 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. , 

dozens . . 

dollars., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15,533,888 

7,401 

4,727,994 

2,407,794 

289,370 

841,266 

1,189,564 

10,805,894 

2,610,021 

7,005,196 

1,190,677 



1,552 
40,851 

1,506 
23,262 

1,490 
22,609 

1,372 

15,265 

959 

2,324 



55 
161 
115 
152 
988 

80 
1 



141 
269 
543 
493 
59 
1 



144 
270 
537 
482 
57 



447 
832 
479 

3,538 
190 

1,353 
362 

2,185 

219 
5,252 

178 
1,868 

204 
3,384 

184 
3,202 

121 

182 

730 
331,501 



1,365 

17,423 

1,004,805 

90 

3,506 

119,204 

122 

3,036 

39,468 

1,232 

142,323,828 

7,005,196 

439 

1,243,905 

415 

2,743,755 

1,344,441 



6,596,891 

3,849 

2,375,820 

655,022 

197,715 

566,195 

956,888 

4,221,071 

1,004,097 

2,515,680 

701,294 



1,216 
20,708 

1,140 
11,280 

1,099 
10,380 

1,054 

7,505 

681 

1,923 



71 
112 
160 
426 
427 

20 



126 
404 
505 
100 
5 



141 

388 

495 

75 



397 
938 
369 

2,085 
157 
918 
282 

1,167 

101 
2,300 

81 
777 

96 
1,523 

96 
1,433 

65 

90 

647 
175,776 



1,053 

9,079 

574,390 

95 

2,240 

76,160 

61 

695 

9,035 

920 

54,625,972 

2,515,680 

360 

449,989 

380 

1,130,175 

553,783 



860,474 
1,267 
371,331 
104,367 
37,565 
79,801 
149,598 
489,143 
145,727 
156,120 

187,296 



447 
4,096 

392 
1,678 

376 
1,386 

352 

1,751 
281 
667 



40 
131 
120 
105 

51 



121 
220 
41 
10 



126 

215 

30 

5 



226 
522 
206 
1,441 
90 
680 
146 
761 

91 
1,737 

61 
383 

86 
1,354 

81 
1,252 

46 
102 

276 
57,510 



317 

1,818 

143,299 

30 

550 

18,700 

65 

940 

12,220 

145 

3,808,737 

156,120 

110 

32,129 

151 

220,120 

107,863 



3,085,753 
581 

1,827,351 
667,381 
76,085 
395,940 
687,945 

1,258,402 
237,876 
253,899 

766,627 



3,278 
18,221 
2,743 
6,291 
2,491 
4,898 

2,432 
7,709 
1,876 
4,221 



406 
1,527 
836 
406 
102 
1 



1,368 

1,303 

66 

5 

1 



1,312 

1,153 

26 



1,502 
3,362 
1,391 
5,102 
560 
2,805 
1,006 
2,297 

696 
11,537 

466 
3,667 

596 
7,870 

561 
7,207 

371 

663 

1,605 

87,542 



1,894 

6,269 

527,395 

240 

2,820 

95,880 

344 

5,077 

66,001 

501 

5,484,451 

253,899 

430 

40,483 

656 

396,850 

194,458 



1,620,321 
730 
812,655 
272,768 
65,785 
220,055 
254,047 
807,666 
206,805 
227,930 

372,931 



1,268 
7,314 
1,158 
3,217 
1,093 
2,807 

888 
2,897 

506 
1,200 



240 
477 
325 
186 
40 



491 
632 
35 



476 

592 

25 



711 
1,239 
379 
1,639 
167 
764 
274 
875 

157 

3,728 

96 

1,150 

142 
2,578 

137 

2,427 

87 

151 

735 
38,302 



868 

3,636 

272,143 

100 

1,135 

38,590 

107 

2,138 

27,794 

340 

5,044,653 

227,930 

231 

22,435 

372 

352,910 

172,925 



834,562 

29,806 

161,397 

38,987 

46,000 

46,293 

30,117 

673,165 

161,365 

440,475 

71,325 



18 
1,826 

18 
911 

18 
892 

18 
635 

18 
280 



5 

ii 



6 

18 

17 

656 

7 

260 

17 

396 

1 
35 

1 
15 

1 
20 

1 
19 

1 

1 

13 
25,856 



18 

621 

58,175 

12 

382 

12,988 

1 

6 

78 

18 

,775,013 

440,475 

13 

8,013 

13 

306,841 

150,352 



36 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or C hirers farms reporting. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to. 19 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting . 

June 2 to Novemlier 30 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms 



Under 11 acres 
11 to 24 acres. 
25 to 49 acres. 
50 to 74 acres. 
75 to 99 acres. 
100 or more acr 
Harvested for grain 



reporting. , 
acres . , 
reporting. , 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting.. 
'amis reporting. , 
arms reporting. , 
acres . , 
bushels . , 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels- 
Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. , 
bushels. , 

Sales f anas reporting . , 

bushels. , 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. , 

acres. , 
bushels. , 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . , 



Barley harvested. 



farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 



Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres.. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons, green weight.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



675 

5,228 

338 

209 

41 

76 

1 

10 

481 

2,148 

503 

3,080 



1,258 

9,554 

1,057 

158 

37 

1 

5 

80 

313 

12,230 

5 

175 

28 

243 

6,580 

18 
5,314 

2,524 

50,051 
2,398,937 

1,446 
1,556,645 

48 

306 

9,865 

6 
1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 

3,205 

117 

552 

7,385 

50 
3,005 



464,011 



462 
6,483 
12,193 



9,455 
339,590 
455,011 

2,576 
65,321 



641 
3,794 
6,904 

25 
545 

3,994 
100,561 
104, 196 

1,118 
17,200 



412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 

71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



18 
153 

4,780 



2,279 

48,054 
2,317,392 

1,341 
1,519,020 

43 

191 

5,365 

6 

1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 

3,205 

107 

512 

7,045 

50 
3,005 



354 

5,564 

10,848 

52 
995 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 
3,0U 
5,758 

10 
175 

1,826 
62,257 
73,065 

266 
6,755 



31 

171 

10 

15 

5 

1 



23 

61 

24 

110 



61 

1,464 

23 

. 17 

15 

1 
5 
5 
50 
3,000 



128 

3,770 



3,514 

299 

13,538 
688,656 

233 
516,370 

3 

41 

1,670 



602 
13,583 
71,252 



574 
12,859 
66,937 



1 
400 



59 
1,550 

3 

640 

16 

187 

2,810 

15 
1,875 



19 

455 

1,050 

1 
30 

400 
24,181 
37,178 

118 
6,362 



119 
2,468 
3,335 

31 
780 



45 

3,1 

13,085 



57 

1,394 

21 

16 

15 

5 
51 

477 
37 

917 



131 
1,693 
76 
39 
16 



1 

25 

1,250 



5 

15 

610 



638 

14,759 
755,335 

470 
532,950 

10 

35 

645 



5 

20 

500 



15 
60 
955 

5 
200 



86 
2,282 
4,225 

21 
460 



960 
51,733 
79,593 

275 
10,819 



86 

907 

2,265 

5 

50 

212 
8,450 
10,713 

51 
1,765 



152 
3,865 
22,745 



141 

1,132 

90 

26 

5 

15 

5 

66 

518 

111 

614 



429 

3,483 

338 

86 

5 



1 

4 

325 



784 

12,307 
576,800 

458 
315,615 

15 

65 

1,725 

5 

1,000 



36 

105 

1,495 



20 
390 



107,275 



127 
1,425 
3,289 



10 
125 



1,608 
79,816 
116,680 

272 
10,142 



117 

913 

1,339 

5 
125 

474 
20,885 
27,290 

77 
1,820 



214 
4,236 
21,732 



MAINE 



37 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economical ass— Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODIICTS-Conlinued 



reporting , 
of litters. 

rr-norting. 
reporting. . 
reporting . . 
reporting. . 
rpnnrtmg. 
Tenoning, 
reporting. . 
of litters. , 
reporting. . 
of litters.. 



Under 11 acres . . . 
1 1 to 24 acres .... 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain , . . 



Litters farrowed December ], 1958, to 
November 30, 1959 farms 

number 

1 or 2 I i Iters farms 

.1 to 9 litters farms 

10 to 19 litters farms 

20 to .19 litters farms 

40 to fi9 litters Farms 

70 or more litters farms 

June 2 to Movember 30 farms 

number 
December 1 to June 1 farms 

number 

SPECIFIED CHOPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

s reporting . . 

s reporting. . 

s reporting.. 

s reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 



Hey crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

greins cut for hay farms reporting. . 

BCres. . 
tons. . 

Seles farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hey cut farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or smsll greins farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 



68 

557 

26 

21 
6 
15 



53 
291 

53 
266 



353 

1,940 

348 

5 



17 

71 

3,770 



313 

5,140 

200,191 

115 
112,145 

10 

40 

875 



35 

125 

1,645 

10 
540 



82,886 

76 

955 

1,582 

5 
175 



1,411 
62,757 
89,440 

193 
8,150 

114 

854 

1,513 



475 
17,070 
18,900 

41 
855 



103 
1,250 
6,025 



80 

585 

40 

25 



55 
190 

65 
395 



110 
375 
110 



5 

5 
250 



5 

10 

400 



215 

1,725 

69,335 

50 
17,990 

5 

10 

450 



15 

90 

2,345 

10 

2,140 

5 

35 

140 



51,313 



31 
237 
312 

10 
55 



1,131 
41,500 
50,833 

200 
7,965 



101 
250 
468 



368 
9,026 
9,122 

35 
970 



45 

300 

3,000 



35 

295 

20 

5 



25 

100 

20 

195 



35 
100 
35 



30 

585 

27,075 

15 
23,950 



5 

50 

425 

5 

425 



175 

650 

85 

75 

15 



145 
350 
125 
300 



97 
243 
97 



36 

73 

2,135 

5 

175 

5 

75 

1,500 

5 
1,500 

152 

1,241 

51,765 

55 
25,300 

5 

115 

4,500 



10 
40 
340 



76 

312 

46 

20 

5 

5 



56 

121 
56 
191 



35 
110 
30 

5 



15 

85 

1,500 



5 

15 

300 

5 

300 

81 

581 

25,195 

45 
11,325 



15 
210 
390 


82 
459 
665 


20 
310 
375 


5 

150 


15 

110 




351 
8,236 
9,140 


2,447 
46,081 
45,989 


1,125 
22,024 
22,003 


100 
1,755 


997 
13,828 


416 
6,150 


30 
55 
115 


140 
645 
935 

15 
370 


51 
135 
211 


178 
4,358 
3,705 


1,574 
27,369 
21,711 


583 
10,715 
8,850 


31 
565 


620 
7,285 


227 
3,100 


15 
120 
350 


15 
70 
255 





12 
132 



7 
40 
12 
92 



7 
146 



12 

175 

4,585 

5 
1,000 



4,286 



6 
150 
305 

5 
75 



22 
3,262 
4,150 

5 
150 



11 
220 
570 

5 
60 



13 

654 

4,060 



See footnotes at end of table . 



38 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





Total 
all 

farms 


Economic class 


Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Commercial farms 




Total 


Class I 


Class!! 


Class III 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Continued 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 


5,831 

134,119 

19,629,176 

495 

1,256 

18,105 

1,374 
2,260,261 

1,146 

23,845 

15,873,363 

1,630 
11,892 

2,250,908 


3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 

917 
2,072,391 

445 

17,484 

12,799,758 

809 
8,360 

2,180,938 


464 

54,613 

8,299,396 

88 
506,947 

19 

3,487 

1,838,779 

66 
3,460 

1,062,353 


879 

42,168 

6,426,942 

9 
34 
158 

165 
570,318 

53 

4,120 

3,432,110 

65 
830 

167,000 


1,099 


acres . . 
barrels. .. 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
bushels . . . 


28,560 
3,888,959 

41 

380 

8,110 

196 
470,476 


acres . . . 
pounds . . . 

land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groveB, vineyards, and 

acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 


51 

1,862 

1,036,537 

222 
1,260 

334,985 



1 Includes milk equivalent of creem end butterfet sold. 

2 Does not Include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



MAINE 39 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 





[Data are based on 


reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 










Economic Class— Continued 


Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Commercial farms— Continued 


Other farms 




Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


Part-time 


Part-retirement 


Mmorma] 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Continued 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 

acres 2 ., 
barrels . . . 

acres. . . 
bushels. .. 

acres . . . 
pounds — 

Land In bearing and nonbeering fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
end vegetable seeds end plBnts, flowers, 


688 

6,190 

782,644 

68 

346 

3,199 

193 
289,370 

111 
3,114 

3,411,971 

210 
1,781 

333,080 


474 

1,358 

151,620 

80 

170 

2,075 

190 
197,715 

149 

4,046 

2,715,009 

176 
804 

278,520 


245 

127 

10,025 

30 
10 

190 

85 
37,565 

62 

855 
365,352 

70 
225 

5,000 


1,262 

535 

43,213 

161 

235 

3,282 

260 
76,085 

436 

3,734 

1,789,845 

622 

2,957 

28,900 


703 

479 

16,108 

96 
66 

691 

181 
65,785 

265 

2,627 

1,283,760 

192 
461 

40,170 


17 

89 

10,269 

10 

15 

400 

16 
46,000 

7 
114 







40 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Fconomic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE. AND VALUE 

Farms number . * 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Land in farms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Av erage size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

\v erase per farm dollars. . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in fatms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in (arms rarms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

Cropland used for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

acres.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number. . 

55 to 64 years number. . 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other tfian farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

160 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2,000 or more acres number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,785 
XXX 

2,241,525 

XXX 

229.1 

19,480 
85,24 

8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 
135,087 

3,859 
149,983 

1.677 
47,052 

2,754 
102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 
1,369 

415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 

5,790 
1,165 

2,026 

513 



475 
779 
581 
927 
1,466 
1,153 

1,003 
700 

1,884 

636 

137 

44 



2,457 
100.0 
600,203 
100.0 
244.3 

24,494 
97.64 

2,457 

208,429 

25 

80 

181 

445 

1,083 

503 

129 

10 

1 

1,142 
18,299 

1,826 
81,915 

1,222 
39,522 

1,077 
42,393 

326 

10,940 

2,089 

239,393 

539 

12,624 

125 

1,485 

15 
569 

128 
2,672 

450 
17,842 

392 

15,722 

180 

7,805 



2,440 
66 
249 
610 
749 
547 
219 
48.5 



1,126 
663 
299 
164 
306 

476 



1,331 
202 



399 
41 



70 

90 

200 

490 

405 

305 
215 
472 
169 
31 
10 



400 

16.3 

217,933 

36.3 

544.8 

56,465 
102.86 

400 
78,394 



20 
237 
128 



151 
4,901 

343 
35,361 

231 
15,492 

230 
19,869 

45 

1,565 

347 

86,283 

92 

3,464 

24 

580 

14 
515 

33 
1,262 

128 
7,430 

127 

7,837 

49 

2,640 



393 
5 
44 
113 
111 
81 
39 
48.2 



299 
21 



750 

30.5 

171,195 

28.5 

228.3 

25 , 188 
108.29 

750 
64,828 



30 

508 

210 

1 

1 



335 

5,628 

574 

20,304 

441 

12,335 

331 

7,969 

91 

2,540 

650 

65,654 

152 

3,465 

36 

555 

1 
54 

40 

760 

187 
7,587 

150 

6,090 

66 

2,645 



740 

21 

70 

137 

253 

191 

68 

49.6 



280 
202 
46 
32 

71 



5 
10 

45 

20 

162 

129 

20 



470 
66 



5 

10 

45 

150 

155 

95 

75 
185 
20 

9 

1 



837 

34.1 

151,385 

25.2 

180.9 

15,571 
85.85 

837 
49,152 



66 
230 

500 
41 



406 

5,255 

601 

19,570 

380 

8,670 

346 

10,900 

125 

3,445 

727 

62,046 

200 

4,105 

35 

200 



35 
375 

100 
2,210 

80 
1,360 

50 
2,450 



837 

30 

100 

240 

245 

165 

57 

46.9 



430 
295 
115 
20 

125 

155 

40 

407 
90 

102 

20 



20 
15 
100 
195 
180 

105 

105 

95 

20 

2 



320 
13.0 

42,050 

7.0 

131.4 

10,392 
77.29 

320 
12,505 

35 
75 
145 
50 
15 



160 
1,615 

205 
4,345 

105 
1,715 

120 
2,630 

50 

3,215 

235 

16,795 

80 

1,280 

15 

40 



20 
275 

30 
380 

15 
90 
10 
55 



320 
10 
35 
85 
90 
70 
30 
48.8 



70 
65 
55 

90 

65 

130 
20 

50 

10 



130 

5.3 

14,630 

2.4 

112.5 



10,528 
82.32 



130 
3,430 
10 
40 
35 
40 
5 



90 

900 

85 

1,835 

45 

810 

50 

1,025 

15 

175 
110 
6,525 
10 
65 
10 
35 



5 

235 



20 
345 



30 
40 
35 
25 
52.5 



110 
50 
35 
25 
40 

45 

45 

20 
5 

10 

5 



MAINE 41 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

[ Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text 1 



(For definitions and explanations, 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All lafm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Pan owners number . . 

\l I lennnLs number . . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number.. 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number.. 

Nonwhite farm operator, 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms rojortmi'.. 

number'.. 
Corn pickers farms rerorting., 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporline.. 

number . . 

Field forage ban esters farm- reporting. 

number. . 
Motortrucks fnrms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

Tractors other than garden farms re|«>rting . . 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 traclors farms reporting!.. 

4 tractors firm- rep aline. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . - 

number. . 

Crawler tractors fim - reportine,.. 

number. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reportine. . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reportine,. . 

Telephone farms reportine. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reportine . . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms retorting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale «-. farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting . . 

lmile farms reporting. . 

'_' or " miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons.. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or nore days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers; 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

Ill or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



7,051 

2,437 

177 

95 

6 



7,051 
2,432 

177 



1,001 
1,015 
38 
38 
2,743 
2,786 

765 
792 

7,911 
12,907 

8,024 
15,014 

7,569 
13,605 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 
12,562 
934 
1,023 
1,323 
1,409 

8,421 
10,219 
9,516 

8,634 
5,873 
3,709 
3,696 

251 
3,296 



6,856 

1,677 

1,160 

609 

551 
316 
169 
30 
36 



3,104 
8,704 



2,234 
3,915 



1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 



9,030 
496 
259 



Economic class 



1,999 
380 
71 



1,999 
380 
71 



710 
714 
1 
1 
335 
341 

28 

28 

2,310 

4,621 

2,351 
5,179 
2,336 
5,121 

682 
941 
456 
178 

79 

2,325 

4,797 

306 

324 

45 

58 

2,289 
2,933 
2,416 

2,182 
1,773 

201 
142 

16 
459 



1,739 
395 

282 

151 

131 
75 
35 
10 
11 



855 
3,705 



597 
1,060 



357 

148 

70 

17 

5 



2,118 
231 
108 



308 

90 

1 



joe 

90 

1 



227 
230 
1 
1 
110 
111 

13 

13 

389 

1,378 

394 

1,466 

394 

1,458 



54 
158 
109 

72 

393 

1,320 

120 

138 



364 
579 
389 

381 
319 
34 
29 



294 

44 
32 

26 

6 
5 



356 
1,812 



318 
747 



111 
116 
69 

17 
5 



287 
88 
25 



584 

135 



584 
135 

30 



232 

233 



124 
124 

10 

10 

745 

1,581 

740 
1,689 

740 
1,674 

100 
402 
187 
49 

2 

740 
1,603 
71 
71 
15 
15 

729 
918 
750 

710 
587 
46 
32 

5 
150 



538 
141 
70 
40 

30 

15 

10 

5 



279 
663 



204 
228 



181 
22 

1 



675 

58 
17 



702 
105 
25 



702 
105 
25 



176 
176 



81 
86 

5 

5 

786 

1,192 

807 
1,424 

792 
1,394 

316 
370 
91 
10 
5 

787 
1,339 
55 
55 
20 
30 

776 
971 
822 

741 
592 
91 

71 



577 

140 

120 

50 



175 
1,145 



751 
55 
31 



270 
35 
15 



270 
35 
15 



280 
340 

285 
395 
285 
395 

185 
90 
10 



285 
365 
30 
30 



290 
300 

310 

255 

200 

20 

5 

5 
20 



240 

30 
40 
30 

10 
10 



270 
25 
25 



120 

10 



120 
10 



95 
115 

105 
165 
105 
160 

70 

20 

10 

5 



100 

135 

25 

25 

5 

5 

115 
145 
125 

85 

70 

10 

5 



125 

5 



42 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports For only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions ami explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer anil fertilizing 

materials used during the tear farms reporting... 

acres on which used. ., 
tons. .. 

Dr> materials farms reporting . . . 

tons.., 

Liquid mat.tials farms reporting.., 

tons.., 

Crops on which used- 
Mai and cropland pasture farms reporting. . , 

acres. ., 

Dry materials farms reporting . . , 

tons.., 

Liquid materials farms reporting.., 

tons. .. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . , 

Dry material* farms reporting . . 

tons... 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Corn farms reporti ng . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Oats fatnis rerxx-ting. . 

Dry materials farms reporti ng . . 

tons . . 
Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Ions.. 

Liquid materials farms report' ng. . 

tons.. 

Lime or linnnr materials used dunne the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dol I ars . . 

Under 5100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to 5909 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to SI, 999 farms repcrtmn,.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporti ng . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $1 ,000 farms reporti ng . . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

52,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,0u0 toS9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporti ng . . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting . . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1 ,000 or more Tama reporting . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms rerxirling. . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . . 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to 52,499 farms rermrling.. 

S2.5O0 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reportiag.. 

$10,000 to 519,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to 549,999 farms reporting. . 

S50.000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Under 5100 fan.is reporting.. 

$100 to 5499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to 5999 farms reporting,. 

51,000 or more farms reporting. . 

GBsoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

tinder $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $199 i farms reporting. . 

S500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to 51,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or nore farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of fable. 



5,874 

255,141 

147,991 

5,819 

147,395 

130 

596 

2,744 

71,227 

2,728 

18,314 

21 

42 

553 

6,078 

543 

1,685 

10 

24 

856 
7,436 

856 
2,613 



963 

19,608 

900 

3,180 

73 

102 

2,679 

131,444 

2,668 

115,362 

27 

417 

1,078 

19,348 

1,073 

6,241 

20 

11 

3,889 

75,416 



9,780 
7,763 
48,745,665 
657 
1,725 
1,170 
1,882 
2,329 

4,603 
10,559,094 
2,526 
818 
580 
470 
209 

3,576 

953,691 

2,162 

1,296 

118 



21,1 



7,005 
85,317 
1,123 
1,039 
779 
1,635 
1,316 
618 
350 
130 
15 

4,112 

2,217,572 

1,965 

1,176 

439 

532 

9,497 
5,081,541 
1,595 
4,589 
1,997 
1,265 
51 



2,415 

155,357 

119,087 

2,365 

118,541 

99 

546 

294 

5,665 

284 

1,717 

10 

9 

119 

945 

109 

361 

10 

24 

6 
20 

6 
13 



602 

15,410 

544 

2,048 

68 

92 

2,354 

129,073 

2,343 

113,026 

27 

417 

141 

4,244 

136 

1,376 

5 

4 

1,289 
35,130 

17,000 



2,452 

1,181 

825,788 

443 

603 

45 

67 

23 

672 

163,627 

637 

28 

7 



1,142 

351,488 

711 

405 

26 

2,344 

11,183,440 

75 

120 

190 

685 

632 

345 

196 

93 

8 

1,294 
1,598,531 
141 
405 
312 
436 



2,442 

2, 171., 867 
110 
748 
876 
676 
32 



394 

65,763 

48,159 

364 

48,067 

33 

92 



1,645 

63 

466 

5 

1 

24 

240 

19 

141 

5 

4 



149 

7,350 

132 

1,002 

22 

50 

353 

53,469 

352 

45,643 

1 

33 

56 

3,044 

51 

807 

5 

4 

270 

14,610 

7,153 



400 

195 

491,053 

41 

100 
10 
22 
22 

134 
77,010 

110 
18 



195 
187,863 

46 
133 

16 

400 
5,820,460 



25 
100 
180 

87 
8 

292 

953,451 

5 

35 

36 

216 

400 
836,994 

15 

35 

324 

26 



745 
49,482 
38,873 

730 

38,670 

36 

203 

111 

2,280 

106 

986 

5 

8 

35 

430 

30 

131 

5 

20 



213 

4,960 

187 

517 

26 

26 

730 

40,837 

725 

36,513 

11 

149 



55 
975 

55 
523 



479 

12,105 

5,467 



750 

320 

118,465 

102 

192 

15 

10 

1 

158 

50,802 

147 

10 

1 



297 

50,590 

195 

97 

5 

739 
3,332,695 
10 
10 
10 
60 
402 
230 
11 



412 

349,810 

46 

115 

121 
130 

745 
670,328 
10 
106 
366 
262 



836 

32,507 
25,410 

831 

25,161 

25 

249 

100_ 

1,675 

100 

239 



35 
200 
35 
64 



185 

2,685 

175 

474 

15 

14 

831 

27,782 

826 

24,347 

15 

235 

20 

160 

20 

32 



425 

7,110 
3,585 



637 

411 

184,570 

165 

191 

20 

35 

245 

27,140 

245 



455 

87,235 

320 

130 
5 

795 

1,684,505 

25 

5 

55 

490 

200 

15 

5 



390 

240,730 

45 

140 

115 
90 

837 

503.100 

30 

327 

410 

65 

5 



305 

6,195 

5,364 

305 

5,362 

5 

2 

5 
40 

5 
20 



40 

355 

35 

42 

5 

2 

305 

5,760 

305 

5,290 



85 

1,060 

675 



315 

165 

22,470 

70 

95 



90 

5,895 
90 



140 

19,000 
110 
30 

295 

290,350 



35 
115 
125 



145 
46,130 
30 
75 
40 



315 

130,650 

20 

210 

65 

20 



125 
1,380 
1,251 

125 
1,251 



125 
1,195 

125 
1,203 



30 
245 
120 



130 

85 

9,030 

60 

25 



45 

2,780 

45 



6,800 
40 

15 

105 

43,830 

20 

70 

10 

5 



50 

,260 

10 

40 



125 

27,920 

40 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are baued on reports for only a sample of fums. See text J 



43 



Item 
(For definitions and --*mJ ii'sul i. , see text) 



Total nil 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars/ 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold lollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Foul try and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry anil dairy, sold dollars . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. 

number. 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

Milk cows forms reporting. 

number. 

Heifers and hoifcr calves farms reporting. 

number . 
Steers and bull* including steer and bull calves forms reporting. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting., 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 head forms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reputing. , 

50 lo 99 head farms reporting, , 

100 to 499 head farms reporting., 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calvod- 

1 heod forms reporting, , 

2 lo 9 head forms reporting., 

10 to 19 head forms reporting*, 

20 to 29 head forms reporting . , 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

75 to 99 head forms reporting., 

100 or more head farms reporting., 

Milk oows- 

1 hoad forms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head forms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

HO to 49 heod forms rc[iorting. 

50 to 74 head forms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more hood farms reporting. 

HotSes and/Of mules rarms reporting. 

number. 

HogS and pigs forms reporting. 

number. 

Born since June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 
Bom before June 1 forms reporting. 



Sheep and lambs farms 

Lambs under 1 year old farms 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms 

Ewes farms 

Rams and wethers farms 

Chickens 4 months old and over rarms 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive 



.forms 



Hogs and pigs sold olive rarms 

Sheep and lambs sold alivo forms 



Milk ond c 



n sold 1 



.forms 



Chickens including broilers sold rarms 

Chicken eggs sold rarms 



See footnotes at end or table. 



reporting, 
number. 

refus-ting. 
numlier. 

reporting, 
number. 

number, 
reporting. 

number. 
reporting. 

number. 



reporting 
number 
dollars 

reporting 
number 
dollars 

reporting 
number 
dollars 

reporting 
pounds 
dollars 

reporting 
dollars 

reporting 
dozens 
dollars 



166,151,948 
16,980 
69,388,440 
54,445,304 
2,072,391 
5,384,374 
7,486,371 
96, 763, 508 
59,986,999 
30,933,878 

5,842,631 



6,155 
171,684 

5,813 
94,794 

5,553 
88,055 



5,363 
65,538 

3,777 
11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
801 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



898 

1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

685 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,650 
973 

10,333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 

24,172 

569 

7,961 

673 

16,211 

648 

15,020 

450 

1,191 

3,482 

4,441,586 



4,961 

72,446 

4.816,317 

506 

19,793 

672,962 

461 

11,930 
155,090 

3,999 

622,282,725 

30,933,878 

2,975 
36,018,208 

2,211 
48,750,743 
23,887,864 



55,355,769 

22,530 

53,286,882 

52,299,828 

519,267 

26,781 

441,006 

2,068,887 

747,375 

794,879 

526,633 



1,242 
13,005 
1,146 
6,032 
1,008 
4.278 



988 
4,631 

810 
2,342 



81 
450 
356 
159 

172 
18 
6 



275 
690 
121 

37 
17 
4 
1 
1 



326 

576 

55 

31 

17 

2 



402 
828 
733 

2,775 
356 

1,427 
491 

1,348 

85 

5,971 

80 

2,187 

85 

3,784 

80 

3,599 

55 

185 

856 

145,420 



643 

3.809 

403,625 

165 

1,782 

60,588 

75 

3,515 

45,695 

257 

18,487,688 

794,879 

198 

193,591 

359 

1,097,800 

537,922 



23,855,066 

59,638 

22,754,775 

22,316,832 

257,297 

14,356 

166,290 

1,100,291 

550,695 

376,985 

172,611 



181 
3,615 

160 
1,762 

132 
1,148 

152 

1,341 

114 

512 



64 
182 
106 
563 

55 
309 

64 
254 

20 

2,786 

20 

982 

20 

1,804 

20 

1,744 

15 

60 

118 

85,480 



112 

1,287 

130,720 

34 

315 

10,710 

20 

1,735 

22,555 

31 

7,953,500 

376,985 

63 
176,349 

74 
736,420 
360,846 



17,967,961 

23,957 

17,524,811 

17,165,734 

202,225 

6,162 

150,690 

443,150 

100,999 

196,554 

145,597 



326 

3,580 
306 

1,600 
266 

1,090 

266 

1,305 
221 

675 



20 
125 
70 
45 
65 
1 



75 
175 
40 

15 



100 

135 

15 

15 



117 
318 
152 
427 
61 
173 
107 
254 

25 
1,435 

20 
480 

25 
955 

25 
890 

20 

65 

208 

29,300 



171 

1,032 

124.585 

31 

122 

4,148 

20 

970 

12,610 

51 

5,097,035 

196,554 

60 

9,465 

95 

186,780 

91,522 



10,946,435 

13,078 

10,521,334 

10,376,276 

47,350 

4,487 

93,221 

425,101 

91,304 

204,685 

129,112 



450 
3,865 

420 
1,910 

380 
1,510 

355 

1,255 

290 

700 



25 

155 
170 
35 
65 



90 

270 

45 

15 



100 

235 

35 

10 



121 
198 
290 
1,085 
140 
565 
195 
520 

10 
585 

10 
100 

10 
485 

10 
440 

10 

45 

315 

25,105 



215 

1,065 

100,705 

55 

750 

25,500 

10 

165 

2,145 

115 

4,999,406 

204,685 

65 

7,666 

115 

165,915 

81,298 



2,141,373 

6,692 

2,072,012 

2,040,562 

7,345 

570 

23,535 

69,361 

2,377 

10,380 

56,604 



180 
1,230 
170 
490 
160 
380 

140 
460 
13.5 
280 



40 

125 

5 



40 
120 



60 

75 
135 
515 

80 
310 

85 
205 

25 

1,130 

25 

610 

25 

520 

20 

505 

10 

15 

135 

3,505 



90 
255 

30,915 

20 

465 

15,810 

20 

615 

7,995 

35 
274,408 
10,380 



55 
4,850 
2,377 



429,880 

3,307 

398,906 

386,020 

5,050 

1,206 

6,630 

30,974 

1,990 

6,275 

22,709 



105 
715 

90 
270 

70 
150 

75 
270 

70 
175 



40 
55 
50 

185 
20 
70 
40 

115 

5 

35 
5 

15 
5 

20 
5 

20 



75 
1,915 



55 

170 

16,700 

25 

130 

4,420 

5 

30 

390 

25 

163,339 

6,275 

10 

111 

20 

3,835 

1,879 



15,054 

753 

15,044 

14,404 

640 
10 

10 



5 
115 



44 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text/] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



LIVESTOCK r\ND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters (allowed Oecembei 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. . . 

number of litters . . . 



arms reporting. . . 

arms reporting. . . 

arms reporting.. . 

arms reporting. . . 

'arms reporting . . . 

arms reporting. . . 

'arms reporting. . . 

number of Utters 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . . . 

number of litters. . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . . 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



Under 11 acres. . . 
11 to 24 acres . . . 
25 to 49 acres . . . 
50 to 74 acres . . . 
75 to 99 acres . . . 
100 or more acres 
Harvested for grain . . . 



arms reporting . 
'arms reporting. 
'arms reporting. 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
acres . 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 



Oats harvested for grain farms 



Barley harvested farms 



Sales farms 



Rye harvested farms 



Buckwheat harvested. 



Sales farms 



Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut. 



reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

reporting, 
bushels. 

reporting. 

acres. 

bushels . 

reporting, 
bushels . 

reporting . 

acres . 

bushels . 

reporting, 
bushels . 

reporting . 

acres. 

bushels. 

reporting, 
bushels . 



Alfalfa and alfalfamixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms 



Sales farms 



reporting . . . 

acres. . . 

tons . . . 

reporting. . . 
tons. . . 



Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms 



reporting . 

acres . 

tons. 

reporting, 
tons. 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms 



Sales farms 



reporting, 
acres, 
tons. 

reporting, 
tons. 



Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover , or small grains farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons, green weight.. 



■412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 

71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



18 

153 

4,780 

8 

3,514 

2,279 

48,054 

2,317,392 

1,341 
1,519,020 

43 

191 

5,365 

6 
1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 

107 

512 

7,045 

50 
3,005 



354 

5,564 

10,848 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 
3,014 
5,758 

10 
175 

1,826 
62,257 
73,065 

266 
6,755 



574 
12,859 
66,937 



144 

445 

107 

27 

5 

5 



63 
175 
108 
270 



18 

153 

4,780 

8 

3,514 

1,722 

39,803 

1,982,771 

1,276 
1,427,305 

41 

165 

4,145 



6 

58 

1,500 

2 
600 

101 

487 

6,800 

50 
3,005 



20 
205 
270 



1,354 
30,359 
40,629 

309 
7,494 



25 
365 
455 



26 

620 

630 



5 

125 



11 

175 
1,100 



128 
3,770 



280 

13,290 

678,576 

231 
513,240 

1 

15 

450 

1 
400 

6 

58 

1,500 

2 

600 

16 

187 

2,810 

15 

1,875 



211 

8,175 

11,333 

43 
2,039 



6 
150 

200 



1 
55 

200 



5 

15 

610 



551 

13,023 

688,685 

469 
532,750 



10 

35 

645 



15 
60 
955 

5 
200 



7,790 



15 
180 
245 



346 
7,355 
10,005 

75 
2,115 



5 
105 
125 

5 
125 



100 
800 



70 

210 

60 

5 



20 

70 

60 

140 



616 

10,040 

481,225 

436 
311, 965 

15 

65 

1,725 

5 

1,000 



35 

100 

1,415 



20 
390 



512 

9,849 
13 . 966 

146 
2,965 



140 
200 



15 
365 

355 



185 

2,720 

103,270 

100 
56,745 

10 

40 

875 



30 

105 
1.480 

10 
540 



200 
3,615 
3,515 

35 
300 



15 
175 
180 



5 
10 

400 



85 

665 

29,515 

35 
11,855 

5 

10 

450 



5 
35 
140 



85 
1,365 
1,810 



5 

20 
100 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 4. -Other field-crop farms 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample r>f farms. Se» text J 



45 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 

commerci al farms 



Fxonomic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HMtVECTED-Continuml 
Irish potatoes harvested for name 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . j 

acres 2 ., 
barrels . . . 

Dry fi*?ld and seed beans hRrvested ferms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . . 

Sales dollars. . . 

Blueberries (tame and wild) farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

pounds . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars... 



3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 


2,457 

130,161 

19,232,349 


228 

940 

13,732 


20 
285 

1,455 


917 
2,072,391 


209 
519,267 


445 

17,484 

12,799,758 


1 

120 

108,239 


809 
8,360 


66 
115 


2,180,938 


11,215 



400 

54,159 

,241,948 



257,297 

1 

120 

108,239 



750 

41,136 

6,301,376 

5 
20 
75 

85 
202,225 



837 

27,792 

3,796,570 



55 
47,350 



11,215 



320 

5,788 

745,790 

5 

260 

1,350 

10 
7,345 



130 
1,238 

141,450 



10 
5,050 



15 
16 



20 

48 

5,215 

5 

(Z) 
5 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

l Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for fams with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



46 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 2 of 4.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Da/a are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See tentj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Fconomic class 



FARMS. ACREAGE. AND VALUE 

Farms number ., . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Land in faints acres . . . 

Percent distribution percent . . . 

Average size of farm acres... 

Value of land and buildings: 

\ ■. . rage per farm dollars . . , 

Average per acre dollars. . , 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . . , 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting... 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting... 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting... 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. .. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. .. 

acres . . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . . , 

acres . , . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . , 

acres . . , 

I liner cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . 

acres . . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Woodland nol pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

acres.. 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops fanned on the contour farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

acres.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number.. 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 years number.. 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agncul tural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acre3 number.. 

260 to 499 acres number.. 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2,000 or more acres number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,785 
XXX 

2,241,525 

XXX 

229.1 

19,480 
85.24 

8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 
135,087 

3,859 
149,983 

1,677 
47,052 

2,754 
102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 
1,369 

415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 

5,790 

1,165 

2,026 

513 



475 
779 
581 
927 
1,466 
1,153 

1,003 
700 

1,884 
636 
137 
44 



403 

100.0 

130,677 

100.0 

324.3 



19,446 
62.46 



403 
24,269 

30 
76 
66 
86 
93 
34 
15 
1 
2 

45 

714 

232 

23,586 

20 

780 

217 

22,806 

23 

3,041 

335 

68,508 

35 

1,493 

6 

105 



6 

165 



403 

22 
55 
80 
157 
89 
56.7 



207 
87 
25 



81 
109 



196 
22 



X 

8.4 

31,537 

24.1 

927.6 

81,831 
77.66 

34 
7,111 



160 

9 

6,181 



6,181 

6 

54 

32 

16,645 

2 

163 



2 

12 

6 

51.0 



27 

6.7 

18,228 

13.9 

675.1 

29,750 
46.00 

27 
3,592 



1 

50 

11 

2,940 



11 
2,940 



27 
10,038 



11 

11 

59.8 



24 

6.0 

11,628 

8.9 

484.5 



30,636 
71.35 



24 
1,561 



6 

204 

18 

2,264 

5 

390 

13 

1,874 

1 

510 

24 

6,142 

1 

400 



5 

1 

16 

1 

55.9 



103 

25.6 

22,393 

17.1 

217.4 

15,610 
74.43 

103 

4,486 

10 

10 
40 



11 
85 
57 

1,766 

5 

40 

52 

1,726 

10 

305 

93 

12,823 

11 
70 



11 
31 
35 
26 

58.7 



148 

36.7 

34,156 

26.1 

230.8 

11,478 
53.39 

148 
6,164 

51 
36 
25 
20 
16 



16 

200 

96 

9,140 

10 

350 

91 

8,790 

6 

2,172 

107 

14,075 

16 

345 

5 

75 



148 

10 
31 
31 
31 
45 
55.5 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 4 .-Fruit-and-nut farms 

Data arc base*, on reports for only a sample of farms. See teitf | 



47 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see t 



Total all 
commercial farms 



FARMS BY Cnl/Mt AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All lam operators: 

Full owners number. 

Pari ™ nor - number . 

\il tenants number. 

Cash tenants number . 

Sharo-CASri tenants number . 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock- shore tenant number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number. 

Pari owners number. 

All tenants number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
firnin combines farms repotting. 

Corn pickers farms reporting . . 

rick-up balers farms reporting. 

number. 



Field forage harvest.-! 



farn.s reporting. 

number.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Traders farms reporting. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . 

number ,, 

1 tractor forms reporting., 

tractors fan.s reporting,, 

3 tractors farms reporting. 

4 tractors farms reporting*, 

fi or more tractors farms reporting., 

wheel tracton fnmw reporting., 

numU-r. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting., 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting., 

number. 

Automobiles farms reporting., 

number., 
Automobiles and, or fnotortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms report i nit. 

Home freerer fanns reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric mi Ik cooler farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for pram, forage, or other crops) farms reporting.. 

Power-operated elevator, convevor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale fanns reporting.. 

Dirt or unlmprovod farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms repotting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or 1 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. , 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms report inc. 

persons. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or nore days) farms reporting., 

persons. 



Farms reportiag by aumber of regular hired workers: 

I hired worker 

'2 hired workers 

.1 or 4 hired workers 

5 to a hired workers . , , 

10 or more hinsl worker- 



RESIDENCE OF FARM I IPERATOR 



..farms reporting, 
.farms reportiag. 
..farms reporting. 
, .farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting. 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Nol residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators mil reporting residence numlier. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7,051 
2,437 

177 

95 
6 



7,051 

2,432 

177 



1,001 
1,015 
38 
38 
2,743 
2,786 

765 

792 

7,911 

12,907 

8,024 
15,014 

7,569 
13,605 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 
12, 582 
934 
1,023 
1,323 
1,409 

8,421 
10,219 
9,516 

8,634 
5,873 
3,709 
3,696 

251 
3,296 



6,856 

1,677 

1,160 

609 

551 

316 

169 

30 

36 



3,104 
8,704 



2,234 
3,915 



1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 



9,030 
496 
259 



320 
75 



320 
75 



307 
405 

268 

450 
241 
367 

179 

21 

32 

2 

7 

225 
316 
44 
51 
72 
83 

315 

427 
373 

328 

202 
17 

17 

5 
27 



291 
60 
51 

11 

40 
30 
10 



137 
987 



56 

171 



317 
70 
16 



31 
448 



22 

132 



101 
2 



101 
2 



83 
99 

66 

111 
61 
96 



123 
98 

78 
66 
6 

11 



31 
162 



116 
32 



116 
32 



111 
134 



117 
72 
85 

61 

10 



67 
73 
11 
12 
27 
32 

121 
147 
143 

123 

67 

5 



103 

25 

20 

5 

15 

5 

10 



36 

151 



118 

25 

5 



48 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 4 .-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farm*. See text ] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer nnd fortiliiine 

materials used rlurine ihe >enr farms reporting... 

acres on which used. ., 
tons . . . 

Dr> materials farms reporting... 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons... 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting... 

Dr> materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Dry materials farms rc|>ortjng. . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reportJnf;., 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms re|*irtine. . 

tons.. 

Oats farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Ions. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Ions. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials forms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

All other crops forms reporting. . 

acres . , 

Dry materials farm* renorUng. . 

Ions . . 

Liquid materials farm* renortmg.. 

tons . . 

Lime or liming materials used durinc the year..,. farms reporting., 

ncrcs limed. . 
tons .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting, . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to 5999 farm* reporting.. 

$1,000 to £1,998 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase or livestock and poultry farms reporting. - 

dollars,. 

Fnder $1,000 farm- reporting. . 

SI ,000 to SS,4!)i) firms reporting.. 

$2,500 lo<4,999 fMnlS reporting.. 

«5,000 toS9,999 farms reporting.. 

*10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farm- reporUnR. . 

dollars . . 

Under 5200 farms reporting,. 

$'200 to $999 farms renorUng.. 

S] ,000 or more farms reporli nc . . 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $499 firms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 lo $2,499 rums reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reportinc 

$5,000 to S9.999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting... 

$20,000 to ^49,999 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting, . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting, . 

dollars.. 

I'nder si(K) farms reportinc. 

M(H) to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to -•199 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars., 

I Inder f 100 farms reporting. , 

5100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

5500 to $999 farms reporting . 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,374 




182 


255,141 


6 


491 


147, 991 


1 


205 


5,819 




182 


147,395 


1 


204 


130 




1 


596 




1 


2,744 




31 


71,227 




513 


2,728 




30 


18,314 




147 


21 




1 


42 




1 


553 




6 


6,078 




85 


543 




6 


1,685 




23 


10 






24 






856 






7,436 






856 






2,613 






963 






19,608 






900 






3,180 






73 






102 






2,679 




6 


131,444 




6 


2,668 




6 


115,362 




2 


27 






417 






1,078 




149 


19,348 


5 


B67 


1,073 




149 


6,241 


1 


032 


20 






11 






3,889 




31 


75,416 


1 


280 


63,161 


1 


649 


9,780 




403 


7,763 




109 


48,745,665 


40,470 


657 




55 


1,725 




33 


1,170 




20 


1,882 




1 


2,329 






4,603 




62 


10,559,094 


21 


135 


2,526 




57 


818 






580 




5 


470 






209 






3,576 




171 


953,691 


64 


557 


2,162 




83 


1,296 




63 


118 




25 


7,005 




310 


21,085,317 


1,163 




1,123 




30 


1,039 




40 


779 




36 


1,635 




109 


1,316 




58 


618 




12 


350 




4 


130 




19 


15 




2 


4,112 




98 


2,217,572 


19 


»'.' 


1,965 




57 


1,176 




30 


439 




6 


532 




5 


9,497 




38; 


5,081,541 


112 




1,595 




117 


4,589 




217 


1,997 




31 


1,265 




14 


51 




3 



31 

3,433 

535 

31 

534 

1 

1 

3 
70 

2 
16 

1 

1 



31 

3,363 

31 

518 



14 
507 
841 



34 

10 

5,900 

5 
5 



6 

15,100 

1 



12 

7,709 

1 

10 
1 

34 
695, 986 



3 
19 
2 

23 
8,942 

2 
15 

6 



33 
42,300 

11 
10 
9 
3 



17 
486 
159 

17 
159 



16 

485 

16 

158 



10 
150 
145 



11 

,250 

6 



27 
92,780 



27 
9,205 

21 
5 

1 



18 
499 



17 

489 

17 

59 



24 

12 

6,815 



5 

3 

24 

68,436 



5 

335 

5 



24 

13,110 



51 

1,088 

201 

51 
201 



45 

1,040 

45 

180 



308 
368 



103 

31 

11,845 

20 

5 

5 

1 

16 

1,005 

16 



20 

700 



19,770 

20 

72 

5 

1 



45 
950 
242 

45 
242 



15 
395 

15 
108 



25 
475 

25 
113 



15 
245 
270 



148 
41 
15,070 
20 
16 
5 



25 

,535 
25 



53 


66 


12,289 


23,100 


35 


26 


17 


30 


1 


10 


82 


127 


73,160 


126,940 


5 


15 


5 


30 


11 


25 


30 


52 


26 


5 



25 

8,310 
10 
10 



143 

22,105 

65 

72 

5 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 4.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data «r© based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



49 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, hoc toll) 



Total nil 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry prcducts sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. 

number. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farm-, risiorting. 

number , 

Milk cows farms reporting. 

number. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. 

number. 
Steers and hulls Including steer and hull calves farm- reporting. 

number. 

Farms reporting by number on band: 
Cattle and cnlve-- 

1 head rum- reporting,. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bead farms reporting. 

100 to 400 hend farms reporting. 

500 or more head fnmis reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head fantis reporting. 

2 to hem I farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 hend farms report in l t . 

100 or more head farms reporting . 

Milk eows- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

HoiSeS and/Of mules farms reporting. 

number . 
Hogs and pi£S farms reporting. 

number. 
Dora since June 1 farms reporting. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . 

number . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting . 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting . 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold abve farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive Tarms reporting. 

number . 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Milk nnd cream sold farms reporting. 

pounds.. 

dollars . 
Chickens including broiler- -old firm- reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 

dol 1 ars . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



166,151,948 

16,980 

69,388, 440 

54,445,304 

2,072,391 

5,384,374 

7,486,371 

96, 763, 508 

59,986,999 

30,933,878 

5,842,631 



6,155 

171,684 

5,813 

94,794 

5,553 

88,055 

5,363 
65,538 

3,777 
11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
801 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



898 

1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

685 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,650 
973 

10, 333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 
24, 172 

569 
7,961 

673 
16,211 

648 
15,020 

450 
1,191 

3,482 
4,441,586 



4,961 

72,446 

4,816,317 

506 

19,793 

672,962 

461 

11,930 

155,090 

3,999 
622,282,725 

30,933,878 
2,975 

36,018,208 
2,211 

48,750,743 

23,887,864 



4,867,261 

12,078 

4,811,227 

50,403 

6,161 

4,533,167 

221,496 

56,034 

11,931 

5,510 

38,593 



468 
78 

212 
78 

130 

42 
162 
43 
94 



42 
2,309 



47 

346 

36, 520 

5 

30 

1,020 

15 

30 

390 

15 

107,079 

5,510 

6 

796 

7 

22,725 

11,135 



2,344,148 

68,946 

2,331,283 

7,183 

1,661 

2,242,081 

80, 358 

12,865 



11 



11,715 

5 

30 

1,020 

10 

10 

130 



802,057 
29,706 

301,992 
10,386 

727,850 

63,756 

65 



351,956 


727,789 


14, 665 


7,066 


347, 317 


697,782 


280 


13,701 


3,000 




326,553 


661,876 


17,484 


22,205 


4,639 


30,007 


154 


11,777 


1,985 





2,500 



5 
15 

2,500 



23,693 

1,985 

1 

56 

1 

200 

98 



16 
107 
16 
38 
16 
26 

11 
40 



21 
1,786 



16 
97 

17,730 



5 
740 



22,525 
11,037 



577,121 

3,899 

569,021 

17,509 

1,000 

516,219 

34,293 

8,100 

3,525 



31 
197 

26 
121 

26 

51 



11 
338 



15 

135 
,575 



10 

83,386 

3,525 



50 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 4.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

Data are baaed on reports lot only * sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters . 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 liuers 

20 to 39 liners 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more Inters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



arms reporting . 

'arms reporting . 

'arms reporting. 

arms reporting . 
i reporting . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
number of liuers, 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 



Under 11 acres. . . . 
11 to 24 acres 
25 to 49 acres 
50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain 



arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 
i reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 
'arms reporting . 
acres . 
bushels, 
i reporting, 
bushels. 



Barley harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels • 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tone. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting. . 

acres 2 , 
barrels . . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars. . 

Blueberries {tame and wild) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
pounds . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Apples farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars.. 



412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 

71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



43 

191 

5,365 

6 

1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 

3,014 

5,758 

10 

175 

1,826 

62,257 

73,065 

266 

6,755 



574 
12,859 
66,937 



3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 

917 
2,072,391 

445 

17,484 

12,799,758 



809 
8,360 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 



5 

50 

3,000 



1 
8 

320 



5,763 



120 

3,483 

3,655 

48 

1,592 



140 

2,244 

2,132 

24 

455 



2 Reported In small fractions. includes milk equivalent of cream and 

not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



79 

6 

592 

10 
(Z) 
25 

22 
6,161 

257 

12,316 

9,797,674 



158 
6,019 

158 
275,156 
92,020 
183,136 

148 
1,690,650 



350 
butterfat sold 



5 

50 
3,000 



1 

8 

320 



12 

298 

352 

2 

197 



10 

463 

665 

3 

110 



6 

1,661 



3,018 
1,401,566 



3,220 

32 
176,346 
71,525 
104,821 

32 
1,069,650 



16 
935 
510 

11 
400 



1 

2 

220 



12 

2,080 

2,573,234 



15 
640 

15 
18,550 
4,050 
14,500 

15 

UJi.ono 



1 
55 

5 
(Z) 
15 

6 

3,000 



845 
313,332 



21 
605 

21 

22,740 

1,625 

21,115 

21 

154,000 



26 
555 
815 

10 
425 



42 
645 

590 
5 

150 



11 
(Z) 
52 



51 

1,580 

1,893 

25 

570 



58 

2,177 

2,647,876 



50 
1,090 

50 
37,900 
13,375 
24,525 

50 
173,035 



56 
561 
622 

10 
150 



26 

(Z) 
115 

5 
(2) 

10 

5 
1,000 

123 

3,496 

2,540,124 



25 
388 

25 

18,350 

1,425 

16,925 

25 

133,215 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 3 of 4.-Poultry farms 

„___ [Data are basod on reports for only a sample of farms. See Lent] 



51 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text! 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average sue of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings' 

Vvorage per farm dollars 

Average |ier acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

lloB acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reportine 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms repining 

200 to 499 acrps farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland net pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland 1 farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 14 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years number 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK \ND OTHER LNCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporli ng 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working ofr farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-fa/m work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural produces sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

ISO to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 199 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

l,0Otl to 1,999 acres number 

2,0110 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of mble. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



9,785 

XXX 

2,241,525 

XXX 

229.1 

19,480 
85.24 

8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 



4,927 
135,087 

3,859 
149,983 

1,677 
47,052 

2,754 
102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 



1,369 



415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 

5,790 
1,165 

2,026 

513 



475 
779 
581 
927 
1,466 
1,153 

1,003 
700 

1,884 

636 

137 

44 



2,243 
100.0 
239,299 
100.0 
106.7 

17,374 
166.57 

1,238 
37,739 
264 
284 
202 
266 
170 
44 
8 



576 
11,299 

679 
17, 529 

105 
2,334 

603 
15,195 

265 

12,482 

1,533 

127,366 

453 

13,252 

117 

1,210 

6 
120 



51 
285 



16 
260 



16 
590 



2,224 
25 
326 
581 
595 
456 
241 
48.1 



935 
318 
106 
511 
202 

444 

477 

1,308 
276 

501 

157 



314 
544 
250 
327 
245 
193 

122 

85 

120 

28 



395 

17.6 

62,734 

26.2 

158.8 

30,570 
205.50 

190 
8,152 
19 
59 
27 
35 
34 



94 

3,534 

114 

4,444 

35 

869 

93 

3,575 

32 

1,826 

266 

38,341 

86 

2,842 

10 

210 

1 
20 

11 
125 

1 
20 



381 

10 

50 

141 

120 

49 

11 

44.5 



112 
45 
11 
56 



283 
41 



662 
29.5 

70,770 

29.6 

106.9 

19,488 
185.69 

392 

13,842 

55 

70 

75 

100 
71 
21 



131 
2,905 

190 

4,855 

35 

560 

160 
4,295 

82 

3,556 

482 

35,060 

141 

4,390 

31 

430 



10 
390 



657 

91 
190 
175 
156 

45 
47.5 



252 
117 
25 

110 
46 

131 

85 

410 

85 

170 
35 



95 
135 

65 
105 



576 

25.7 

50,985 

21.3 

88.5 

13,877 
145.% 

306 
7,470 
90 
75 
40 
61 
35 
5 



161 

2,220 

145 

3,570 

5 

85 

140 

3,485 

56 

3,440 

390 

26,555 

96 

1,660 

41 

225 

5 

100 



15 

240 



576 

5 

100 

140 

135 

121 

75 

48.3 



20 

175 

55 

125 

170 

315 
85 

115 

15 



85 
125 
85 
85 



310 

13.8 

33,115 

13.8 

106.8 

10,496 
104.33 

185 
4,405 
40 
35 
40 
50 
20 



105 

1,580 

100 

2,285 

10 

185 

95 

2,100 

50 

1,910 

210 

18,425 

65 

2,080 

15 

190 



310 
5 
55 
60 
90 
60 
40 
48.0 



180 
55 
40 
85 
45 

80 

100 

130 
35 



35 

105 
15 
45 



220 
9.8 
17,280 
7.2 
78.5 

11,965 
158.38 

115 
3,385 
35 
25 
15 
20 
10 
10 



60 

820 

105 

1,520 

15 

85 

95 

1,435 

30 

1,310 

135 

7,235 

50 

1,965 

10 

125 



220 
5 
30 
45 
35 
35 
70 
52.7 



120 
25 
10 
85 

40 

50 

100 

100 
20 



3.6 

4,415 

1.8 

55.2 

7,479 
135.97 

50 

485 

25 

20 

5 



25 

240 
25 

855 
5 

550 
20 

305 

15 
440 

50 
1,750 

15 
315 

10 

30 



5 
40 
35 



10 
10 



70 
10 



15 
20 
15 
20 
5 



52 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 4. -Poultry farms 

( Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All (arm operators: 

Full owners number... 

Part owners number . . . 

\ll tenants number. . , 

Casb tenants number . . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . , 

Crop-share tenants number... 

Livestock-share tenants number . . . 

Other and unspecified tennnls number.. , 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . . , 

Part owners number . . , 

All tenants number. . . 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number . . , 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. - 

number , . 

Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

numlier .. 
Motortrucks farms reportine . . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reportine. . 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting . . 

2 tractors farms reportine. . 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

\ tractors farms reportine. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors fanas reporting . . 

numlier.. 
Crawler tractors farms re|»rting . . 

numlier. . 
Garden tractors farms reportine.. 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reportine . . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reportine-. 

Telephone. farms reportine . . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reportine. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms report inp. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located; 

Hand surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workerB farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7,051 
2,437 

177 

95 
6 



7,051 

2,432 

177 



1,001 
1,015 
38 
38 
2,743 
2,786 

765 

792 

7,911 

12,907 

8,024 
15,014 

7,569 
13,605 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 
12, 582 
934 
1,023 
1,323 
1,409 

8,421 
10,219 
9,516 

8,634 
5,873 
3,709 
3,6% 

251 
3,296 



6,856 

1,677 

1,160 

609 

551 

316 

169 

30 

36 



3,104 
8,704 



2,234 
3,915 



1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 



9,030 
496 
259 



2,028 

139 

16 



2,028 
139 

16 



19 
29 
5 
5 
226 
226 

27 

28 

1,416 

1,836 

1,395 
2,056 

1,103 
1,416 

842 
226 
23 



1,048 
1,301 
103 
115 
617 
640 

1,936 
2,231 
2,161 

2,025 

1,329 

206 

204 

31 
659 



1,629 

341 
245 
153 

92 

50 

32 

5 

5 



661 
1,250 



467 
853 



306 
79 
59 
17 



2,154 
37 
52 



351 

18 
1 



351 
18 

1 



39 
39 

12 

13 

248 

426 

227 
384 
185 
265 

132 
38 



170 
232 
31 
33 
111 
119 

363 
453 
378 

377 

256 

20 

29 

1 
193 



282 
51 



213 
567 



160 
406 



356 
7 
32 



601 
46 
10 



601 
46 
10 



10 
20 
5 
5 
96 
96 

10 

10 

492 

614 

472 
694 
377 
489 

275 
97 



362 

458 
31 
31 
190 
205 

597 
697 
652 

642 

432 

86 

90 

15 
266 



511 
90 
61 
36 

25 
10 



222 

352 

161 
256 

101 

40 

15 

5 



652 
5 
5 



536 
30 



536 
30 



321 
421 

326 
458 
256 
317 

205 

41 
10 



251 
311 
6 
6 
141 
141 

506 
566 
546 

506 
306 
40 
35 

5 

130 



446 
65 
55 
50 



131 
161 



91 
121 



i6] 

5 

10 



275 
25 

5 



25 

5 



185 
200 

195 
290 
150 
190 

115 

30 

5 



135 
155 
25 
35 
100 
100 

240 
260 
300 

255 

165 

25 

25 

5 

40 



175 
80 
55 
25 

30 

20 

5 



300 
10 



195 
20 



195 
20 



20 
20 

5 
5 

130 
135 

135 
180 
105 
125 

85 
20 



105 

120 

5 

5 

55 

55 

175 
195 
210 

190 

130 

30 

20 

5 
25 



160 
35 
25 
15 

10 

V.' 



210 
5 
5 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 4.-Poultry farms 

(Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text j 



53 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer anil fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. 

acres oa which used . 
tons. 

Dry mater i :il Tanas reporting. 

tons. 

Liquid i. :i (it i. 'I farms reporting. 

Ions. 

Crops on which used— 

Has and cropland pasture farms reporting . 

acres . 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons. 
Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

Liquid materials farms reporliag. 

tons., 

Corn. farms reporting., 

acres . , 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

tons . . 

Oats farms reporting.. 

icros.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Ions.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes fares reporting,. . 

acres. , 

Dry materials Tarn.- reporting.. 

Ions . , 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Ml other crops firm, reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reina-ling.. 

Ions. . 
Liquid materials farms rooerting.. 

Ion-. . 

Lime or liming materials used during the year., farms reporting. . 

acres limed. . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following, specified expenditures farms report inc. . 

Feed for livestock aad poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

l'nder SI 00 fnm.s reporting. . 

SlOO to 5999 farm" reporting. . 

51.000 to £1,99!) farms roporlinu,.. 

S',000 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock aad poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

l'nder «1,(KX) rarms reporting.. 

51,000 to 52,411!) farm- rc-srling. . 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting., 

55,000 to 59,999 fani.s repotting . . 

510,000 or more farms reporting, . 

Machine hire farm- reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Under 5200 farms reporting . . 

SfiOD to s999 farms refloating., 

51,000 or more , farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

' nder 5200 farm- reporting.. 

5200 to -499 farms reporting. . 

551 Kl to 5999 farms rerortmg. . 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reportine.. 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 to 59,990 fum.- reporting.. 

510,000 to 519,999 farms reporting.. 

520,000 to 549,903 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting. . 

sis, Is, bulbs, pi anl-, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

l'nder 5Kwi fan„s reporting . . 

slOO to 5199 farms reporting. . 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting.. 

51,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and olbcr petroleum fuel 

and oil for the fan., business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

l'nder fill 1 farms reporting. . 

5100 (o 5)99 _ t [-,„,; reporting. , 

S500 to S999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to - 1,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



5,874 

255,141 

147,991 

5,819 

147,395 

130 

596 

2,744 

71,227 

2,728 

18,314 

21 

42 

553 

6,078 

543 

1,685 

10 

24 

856 
7,436 

856 
2,613 



963 
19,608 
900 
3,180 
73 
102 

2,679 

131,444 

2,668 

115,362 

27 
417 

1,078 
19,348 
1,073 
6,241 
20 
11 

3,889 
75,416 
63,161 



9,780 
7,763 
48,745,665 
657 
1,725 
1,170 
1,882 
2,329 

4,603 
10,559,094 

2,526 
818 
580 
470 
209 

3,576 

953,691 

2,162 

1,296 

113 

7,005 

21,085,317 

1,123 

1,039 

779 

1,635 

1,316 

618 

350 

130 

15 

4,112 

2,217,572 

1,965 

1,176 

-39 

532 

9,497 
5,081,541 
1,595 
4,589 
1,997 
1,265 
51 



Economic class 



324 
5,011 
1,668 

324 
1,668 



207 

2,892 

207 

877 



56 

470 
56 
74 



42 
327 

42 
117 



16 

270 
16 
44 



27 

335 

27 

298 



77 
717 

77 
258 



229 
2,527 

2,768 



2,243 

2,243 

36,313,093 

5 

100 

100 

370 

1,668 

2,198 
8,372,457 
697 
489 
419 
407 
186 

483 

116,778 

321 

139 

23 

1,332 

2,613,670 

300 

292 

158 

236 

212 

95 

34 

2 

3 

447 
33,005 
367 
67 
12 
1 

2,138 

722,790 

572 

1,193 

220 
150 



42 
984 
376 

42 
376 



15 

210 

15 

54 



7 

170 

7 

150 



17 
352 

17 
123 



48 
682 



395 

395 

16,911,887 



395 

380 
3,847,279 
15 
49 
38 
112 
166 

98 
57,233 
46 
29 
23 
349 
1,351,070 
10 
72 
52 
64 
82 
30 
34 
2 
3 

52 

12,455 

22 

22 



380 

280,395 

72 

166 

59 



117 
1,932 
496 
117 
496 



77 

1,317 

77 

251 



21 
235 
21 
34 



10 
150 
10 
64 



5 
125 

5 
115 



71 
770 
965 



662 

662 

11,752,017 



662 

657 
2,553,738 
121 
125 
166 
230 
15 

150 

33,735 

75 

75 



462 

770,805 
75 

115 
55 

102 
65 
50 



170 

12,700 

135 

30 

5 



637 
233,590 
145 
341 
96 
55 



45 
660 
233 

45 
233 



40 
405 

40 
153 



5 

150 

5 

40 



35 
240 
295 



576 

576 

5,116,799 



30 
120 
426 

571 

1,433,665 

146 

180 

195 
45 

5 

115 

17,900 

85 

30 

276 
355,460 
65 
80 
31 
40 
45 
15 



85 
2,695 



541 
117,690 
150 
326 
60 



75 
835 
437 

75 
437 



50 
640 

50 
354 



20 

110 
20 
54 



35 
360 
225 



310 
310 

1,728,735 

10 
20 
110 

170 

295 
364,790 

190 
75 
15 
15 

75 

4,490 

75 



130 

79,475 

75 

20 

15 

5 

15 



75 

2,565 

70 

5 



295 

48,765 

110 

175 



15 
405 



10 

230 

10 

30 



5 

100 

5 

20 



15 
255 
265 



220 

220 

664,315 

45 
40 
120 

15 

220 

150,090 

165 

50 



30 

1,770 

30 



85 
48,085 

50 
5 
5 

25 



50 

2,115 

45 

5 



205 

27,310 

65 

140 



30 
195 
61 
30 
61 



15 
90 
15 
35 



10 
30 
10 
2 



15 

75 
15 
24 



25 

220 
130 



80 
80 
139,340 
5 
45 
10 
20 

75 

22,895 

60 

10 

5 



15 
1,650 

10 
5 

30 

13,775 

25 



15 
475 

15 



15,040 
30 
45 



54 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 4.-Poultry farms 

Phu are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All lam products SOld total, dollar*.'. 

average per farm, dollars.. 
All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruils and nuts, sold dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LTVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Heifers and heifer calvos farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting . . 

Cowa, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Milk cov,s- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

number. . 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

niimhiT.. 

Born before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting. , 

number.. 

Rams and wetherB farms reporti ng . , 

number. , 

Chickens 4 months old and over rarms reporting., 

number. , 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

number . , 
dollars . , 

Bogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. , 

number . 
dollars., 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number., 
dollars . 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold flrma reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



166,151,948 

16,980 

69,388,440 

54,445,304 

2,072,391 

5,384,374 

7,486,371 

96,763,508 

59,986,999 

30,933,878 

5,842,631 



6,155 
171,684 

5,813 
94,794 

5,553 
88,055 

5,363 
65,538 

3,777 
11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
801 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

685 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,650 
973 

10,333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 
24,172 

569 
7,961 

673 
16,211 

648 
15,020 

450 
1,191 

3,482 

4,441,586 



4,961 

72,446 

4,816,317 

506 

19,793 

672,962 

461 

11,930 

155,090 

3,999 

622,282,725 

30,933,878 

2,975 
36,018,208 

2,211 
48,750,743 
23,887,864 



60,115,108 

26,801 

1,150,154 

513,876 

70,970 

246, 965 

318,343 

58,964,954 

57,697,695 

908,373 

358,886 



784 
9,645 

669 
4,329 

605 
3,484 

581 
3,845 

457 
1,471 



116 
279 
139 

79 
135 

35 
1 



246 
278 
67 
46 
32 



282 
213 

40 
46 
24 



146 
326 
501 

2,399 
173 

1,218 
366 

1,181 

233 
6,191 

166 
2,003 

218 
4,188 

208 
3,855 

143 

333 

1,181 
4,032,021 



442 

2,800 

235,141 

85 

1,898 

64,532 

132 

3,026 

39,338 

222 

18,368,131 

908,373 

2,208 

35,426,928 

1,161 

45,326,096 

22,209,787 



28,972,484 

73,348 

413,171 

175,325 

23,825 

111,228 

102,793 

28,559,313 

28,242,907 

235,233 

81,173 



101 
2,006 

81 
949 

68 
674 

88 
799 

64 
258 



30 
95 
68 
184 

30 
87 
40 
97 

27 
1,066 

11 
273 

27 
793 

27 
756 

12 

37 



134 
1,505,086 



630 

68,015 

8 

74 

2,516 

11 

518 

6,734 

21 

5,310,544 

235,233 

395 

18,377,145 

114 

20,060,741 

9,829,762 



18,871,680 

28,507 

395,219 

182,113 

8,325 

85,623 

119,158 

18,476,461 

17,938,783 

412,885 

124,793 



252 
4,014 

217 
1,798 

181 
1,458 

222 

1,719 

162 

497 



45 
60 
147 
1,055 
57 
480 
105 
575 

55 
2,375 

55 
850 

55 
1,525 

55 
1,425 

40 
100 



296 
1,263,585 



152 

1,033 

68,315 

21 

912 

31,008 

45 

1,400 

18,200 

81 

8,362,487 

412,885 

652 

10,561,943 

311 

15,054,775 

7,376,840 



8,417,669 

14,614 

205,680 

91,106 

23,400 

38,910 

52,264 

8,211,989 

7,987,409 

147,900 

76,680 



176 
1,515 
141 
577 
131 
512 

116 
622 
91 
316 



26 
101 
136 
745 

36 
471 
106 
274 

31 
755 

25 
300 

26 
455 

26 
354 

21 
101 

306 
753,995 



81 

482 

51,766 

26 

582 

19,788 

21 

228 

2,964 

45 

2,784,374 

147, 900 

576 

4,803,727 

296 

6,497,270 

3,183,662 



2 


682,666 


1,021,951 




8,654 


4,645 




86,197 


38,330 




46, 311 


18,635 




10,155 


2,765 




8,123 


580 




21,608 


16,350 


2 


596,469 


983,621 


2 


485,142 


918,462 




70,925 


37,430 



40,402 



130 
,155 
115 
565 
115 
500 

75 
390 

75 
200 



30 

55 

65 

230 

20 
115 

55 
115 

75 
1,495 

55 
415 

70 
1,080 

65 
1,025 

40 

55 

195 
306,980 



65 

280 

19,080 

15 

225 

7,650 

30 

750 

9,750 

40 

1,301,879 

70,925 

305 

1,213,862 

195 

2,553,990 

1,251,455 



27,729 



90 
780 

80 
340 

75 
240 

65 
275 

45 
165 



5 

5 

65 

150 
20 
50 
50 

100 

25 
360 

15 
120 

25 
240 

25 
215 

20 

25 

170 
151,830 



70 

305 

22,095 

15 

105 

3,570 

5 

10 

130 

30 

533,847 

37,430 

215 

439,785 

170 

976,740 

478,602 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 4--Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of fa/ms. See text] 



55 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Littets fallowed Decembet ], 1958, to November 30. 1959. . . .rams reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 tutors farms reporting. 

3 to 9 liuers farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 liuers farms reporting. 

10 to 69 liuers farms reporting . 

70 or more liuers farms reporting . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting . . 

number of liuers.. 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . , 

numlier of litters. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Under 11 acres farms 

11 to 24 acres farms 

25 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 74 acres farms 

75 to 99 acres farms 

100 or more acres farms 

Harvested for grain farms 



Sales farms 



reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

.-■l-irllll; 

reporting, 
acres . 

bushels, 
reporting. , 

bushels.. 



Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 
tons . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tans. . . 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons.. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 
tons... 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons . . . 



Other hay cut farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 
tons . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons . . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 
tons, green weight 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

acres 2 . . 
barrels . . . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 



Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

Sales dollars. . . 



Blueberries ( tame and wi Id ) farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
pounds.. . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 f arns reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars . . . 



412 
4,134 
207 
106 
16 
71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

i 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



2,279 

48,054 

2,317,392 

1,341 
1,519,020 



354 

5,564 
10,848 

52 
995 

5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 
3,014 
5,758 

10 
175 

1,826 
62,257 
73,065 

266 
6,755 

574 
12,859 
66,937 



3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 



917 
2,072,391 



445 

17,484 

12,799,758 



809 
3,360 



2,180,938 



55 

361 

28 



38 
178 

44 
183 



48 
524 
31 
10 
7 



56 

725 

30,380 

16 
5,280 



26 
415 
700 

6 

190 

763 
24,639 
33,243 

310 
12,663 



21 
130 
148 



372 
8,069 
8,630 

113 
2,505 

21 

420 

1,500 



230 

354 

52,676 



110 
70,970 



63 

1,541 
668,945 



137 
619 



13 
269 

1 
5 
7 



13 

195 

7,480 

1 

3,030 



6,663 



101 
5,233 
7,493 

65 
3,768 

1 
5 



76 
1,355 
1,615 



28 
670 



1 
20 

100 



175 
24,995 



20 
23,825 



13 

315 

189,380 



27 

164 



15 

155 

5 



IP 

5 
5 



15 

205 

10,150 



6 
115 
290 

6 

190 

266 
9,241 
12,465 

120 
3,835 



106 
2,789 
3,060 

30 
965 



15 
350 
900 



51 

131 

22,926 

1 
12 
51 



30 
8,325 



30 

965 

280,375 



20 
153 



3,000 



16 

137 
10 



10 

90 

2,000 

10 
1,000 



10 
150 
135 



171 
4,240 
6,825 

45 
2,805 



115 
2,390 
2,155 

45 
630 



50 

25 
3,165 

5 
<Z) 
10 



15 
23,400 



260 
199,075 



50 
119 



4,165 



125 
2,920 
3,535 

50 
1,545 



50 
1,245 
1,350 

10 
240 



50 

19 

1,285 



25 
10,155 



5 

1 

115 



25 
128 



20 
235 

10,750 

5 
1,250 

3,050 



5 

100 
150 



90 
2,695 
2,600 

30 
710 



15 
isn 
270 



5 

50 

500 



3 

It i 



15 
2,765 



Z Reported in small fractions. ^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold, 

not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



56 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 4 of 4 .-Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 

a! farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUF 

Farms number 

Percent di sin bution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings 

\\erage per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms report! ng 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

S00 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvest**) and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soi I- 1 mprovement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 



Woodland pastured Tarms 

Woodland not pastured farms 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms 

Improved pasture farms 



reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 



Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 



Land use practices: 

Cropland In cover crops farms 



Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms 



reporting 

acres 



reporting 

acres 



Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AOE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . , 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off tnoir farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. , 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural |iroducts sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working orf farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number . 

160 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,785 
XXX 

2,241,525 

XXX 

229.1 

19,480 
85.24 

8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 
135,087 

3,859 
149,983 

1,677 
47,052 

2,754 
102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 
1,369 

415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 

5,790 
1,165 

2,026 

513 



475 
779 
581 
927 
1,466 
1,153 

1,003 
700 

1,884 
636 

137 
44 



3,257 

100.0 

897,901 

100.0 

275.7 

17,856 
65.37 

3,222 

251,779 

40 

95 

275 

780 

1,222 

632 

174 



2,606 

89,868 

640 

15,472 

246 

3,493 

431 

11,979 

1,404 

73,878 

2,801 

391,918 

1,356 

48,992 

470 

8,599 

6 

70 

144 
2,790 

99 
1,052 

104 

1,734 

77 

3,520 



3,242 

45 
292 
701 
922 
729 
553 
51.0 



1,084 
606 
170 
308 
352 

498 

187 

2,173 
525 

731 

153 



30 
105 
230 
470 
380 

435 

270 

1,000 

291 

35 

11 



76 

2.3 

40,845 

4.5 

537.4 

42,414 
78.58 

76 
13,935 



63 
6,386 

7 
277 

1 
20 

7 
257 

20 
1,533 

45 
14,276 

26 
2,630 



15 
410 



7 
142 



18 

31 

15 

6 

49.2 



136,622 

15.2 

445.0 

33,497 

77.36 

302 
43,052 



25 
60 
155 
60 
2 



254 

16,021 

49 

1,915 

21 

760 

39 

1,155 

107 

5,540 

277 

60,385 

128 

5,098 

75 

2,104 



9 
200 



21 
290 



35 

845 

25 

1,375 



307 
5 

45 
107 
70 
57 
23 
46.4 



25 

30 
130 

85 
14 
3 



900 

27.6 

301,494 

33.6 

335.0 

23,399 
69.65 

900 

89,144 

10 

25 

75 
420 
318 

51 

1 



770 

27,701 

214 

4,760 

54 

1,188 

160 

3,572 

389 

22,975 

810 

131,992 

371 

16, 174 

165 

3,530 

5 
40 

40 
430 

36 
365 

42 

505 

36 

1,715 



895 

10 
111 
235 
311 
136 

92 
47.6 



294 
217 
25 
52 
102 

113 

16 



606 
106 



173 

21 



140 

70 

410 

100 



1,094 

33.6 

262,995 

29.3 

240.4 

13,540 
57.22 

1,089 

69,463 

5 

20 

100 

325 

502 

120 

17 



879 

25,385 

205 

4,935 
105 
955 
110 

3,980 

543 

27,490 

919 

114,300 

486 

14, 870 

140 

2,200 



45 
1,640 



■ 25 

220 



105 

10 

245 



1,089 

15 

65 

206 

305 

286 

212 

52.6 



365 
180 

70 
115 
130 

180 

50 

729 
211 

247 

42 



15 

70 

210 

155 

155 
125 
300 

50 



780 

23.9 

143,925 

16.0 

184.5 

10,157 
54.43 

765 

33,490 

15 

55 

125 

325 

220 

15 

10 



570 

13,220 

145 

3,005 

55 

520 

100 

2,485 

315 

15,245 

680 

66,670 

295 

8,845 

80 

705 



10 
250 



775 

10 

50 

125 

180 

190 

220 

54.9 



305 
125 
60 
120 
100 

145 

110 

475 
145 

250 

90 



10 

55 

125 

155 
125 

105 

40 
140 
25 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 4 .-Dairy farms 

[ Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ] 



57 



(For definitions and explanation*, see text) 



FARMS BY COI.OR AND TFNI1RE OF OPERATOR 



All farm operators: 
Full owners ... 
Part owners . . . 
Ml tenants.... 



.number . 
..number. 
. . number . 



Cash lennnts number. 

Share-rash tenants number.. 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock- share tenants number. , 

Other and unspecified tennnls number. , 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . , 

All tenants number. , 

Nonwhile farm operator-. 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 



Grain combines . 
Corn pickers. . . , 
Pick-up balers. . 



Field forage harvesters . 
Motortrucks 



Tractors 

Tractors other than garden. , 



1 tractor 

2 tractors 

:t tractors 

t tractors 

s. or nwre tractors . 



Wheel tractors . . . 
Crawler tractors. . 
Garden tractors 



Automobiles and/or motortrucks. 



Tel ephone. 

Home freezer 

Milking machine 

Electric milk cooler . 



Crop drier (for pram, forage, or other crops). . . 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road . . 



1 or more miles to a hard surface road, . 

lmile 

2 or 3 miles 

4 miles 

5 or more miles 



anils rojiortinp. 

number. 
arr,^ reporting. 

nun her. 
arnm reporting, 

numlier. 

. reporting. 

manlier . 
arms reporting . 
number. 

ams reporting, 
number, 

: rc|iorling. 

n ter . 

arms reporting. 

arm- reporting, 
arms reporting, 
anus reporting. 

- reporting. 

number. 
am.s reporting. 

number, 
anus reporting. 

numlicr. 



amis reporting, 
number, 
arms reporting. 



arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
amis reporting, 
amis reporting. 

'arms reportiae. 
arms reporting. 



amis reporting., 
anns reporting.. 
; r, ■porting., 
arms reporting.. 

: reporting. 

, reporting, 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reportiag.. 



FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Regular hired workers (employed l. r iO or nore days) farms reporting., 

persons . . 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or a hired workers 

5 to ft hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting, 
..farms reporting., 
..farms reporting. 

.farms reporting. 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operalors reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



7,051 

2,437 

177 

95 
6 



7,051 

2,432 

177 



1,001 
1,015 
38 
38 
2,743 
2,786 

765 
792 

7,911 
12,907 

8,024 
15,014 

7,569 
13,605 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 
12,582 
934 
1,023 
1,323 
1,409 

8,421 
10,219 
9,516 

8,634 
5,873 
3,709 
3,696 

251 
3,296 



6,856 
1,677 

1,160 
609 

551 
316 

169 
30 

36 



3,104 
8,704 

2,234 
3,915 

1,448 

436 

255 

68 

27 



9,030 
496 
259 



Economic class 



1,635 

1,582 

35 



1,635 

1,582 

35 



209 

209 

15 

15 

1,893 

1,922 

654 

677 

2,832 

4,371 

3,012 
5,487 
2,982 
5,167 

1,358 

1,196 

335 

67 

26 

2,966 
4,886 
278 
281 
320 
320 

2,736 
3,287 
3,217 

2,985 
1,938 
3,041 

3,101 

177 
1,923 



2,172 
653 
417 
231 

186 
111 
55 
15 



1,115 
1,801 

877 

1,272 

643 

140 

77 

15 

2 



3,192 
28 
37 



61 
61 

48 
59 
66 

220 

76 
264 

76 
252 

1 
20 
27 
15 

13 

75 

228 

22 

24 

12 
12 

76 

125 
76 

76 
48 
76 
76 

23 
76 



66 

181 



27 
12 
24 



99 
200 



200 

5 



54 
54 
5 
5 
272 
280 

160 
167 
307 
591 

302 
793 
302 
734 

35 

137 

100 

28 

2 

302 
674 
60 
60 
59 
59 

290 
366 
307 

297 
219 
302 
292 

77 
272 



239 
43 
25 
15 

10 
5 
5 



256 
466 

229 
377 

129 

65 

32 

2 

1 



299 

7 
1 



300 

594 

5 



300 
594 



73 

73 

5 

5 

688 

703 

310 

315 

860 

1,434 



1,827 

880 

1,730 

221 
513 

118 
17 
11 



1,655 
74 
75 
97 
97 

817 

1,007 

900 

879 
653 
869 
864 

62 
728 



591 
183 
126 

81 

45 

25 

15 

5 



454 
754 



339 

-72 



270 
37 
21 

11 



586 

497 

10 



586 

497 

10 



31 

31 

5 

5 

607 

608 

116 

116 

984 

1,341 

1,024 
1,618 
1,019 
1,551 

576 

356 

85 

2 



1,019 
1,474 
77 
77 
67 
67 

903 
1,029 
1,074 

978 

648 

1,079 

1,074 

15 
627 



713 
241 
135 
70 



219 
275 



178 
199 



157 
21 



1,083 
5 
6 



550 

215 

15 



550 

215 

15 



250 
250 

20 

20 

570 

730 

655 
885 
635 

805 

470 
160 

5 



620 
770 
35 
35 
80 
80 

585 
685 
770 

670 
340 
670 
725 



520 
140 
115 

60 

55 
25 
20 

5 



120 
125 



58 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



Part 4 of 4 .-Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text 



(For definition;* ami explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer anil fertilizing 

mad-rial? used during I he \ear farms reporting. , 

acres on which used. , 
tons. . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid inat.-rials farms reporting., 

tons.. 

Crops on which used— 

[lay and crophml pasture Tonus reporting. , 

acres . , 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting, 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

acres . , 

Dry materials: farms reporting. 

tons., 

Liquid material* farms reporting.. 

tons., 

Corn .farms reporting., 

acres . , 

Dry materials fnrr.,s reporting. . 

tons. , 

Liquid rnntenals farms reporting. 

Ions., 

Oats farms reporting., 

acres . 

Dry maw rials farms reporting. 

tons., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons., 

Irish potatoes .farms reporting. 

Dry materials farn.s reporting. 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons, , 

All other crops farms reporting. . 

acres . 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

tons . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

Lime or liming materials used durinn the year farms reporting. 

acres limed. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Iny of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farm* reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. , 

dollars . . 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 fare > reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. , 

$5,000 to S», 999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or nore forms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under 5200 farms reporting.. 

5200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting,. 

Hired labor forms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $-199 farms reporting. , 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 , farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

510,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $40,000 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Cnder $100 fan..s reportinc, 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporii ne . , 

$I,00n or more farms reporting . , 

Gasoline nnd other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars. , 

Under jlOO forms reporting. , 

5100 in $199 farms reportinE., 

$5n0 to §999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,874 


2,360 


255,141 


76,096 


147,991 


21,244 


5,819 


2,355 


147,395 


21,202 


130 


15 


596 


42 


2,744 


1,982 


71,227 


57,580 


2,728 


1,977 


18,314 


14,473 


21 


10 


42 


32 


553 


348 


6,078 


4,431 


543 


348 


1,685 


1,182 


10 




24 




856 


761 


7,436 


6,803 


856 


761 


2,613 


2,372 


963 


307 


19,608 


3,524 


900 


302 


3,180 


965 


73 


5 


102 


10 


2,679 


206 


131,444 


1,619 


2,668 


206 


115,362 


1,582 


27 




417 




1,078 


323 


19,348 


2,139 


1,073 


323 


6,241 


628 


20 




11 




3,889 


1,925 


75,416 


31,003 


63,161 


36,414 


9,780 


3,257 


7,763 


3,257 


48,745,665 


10,570,377 


657 


15 


1,725 


421 


1,170 


852 


1,882 


1,373 


2,329 


596 


4,603 


1,247 


10,559,094 


1,583,490 


2,526 


792 


818 


253 


580 


137 


470 


58 


209 


7 


3,576 


1,349 


953,691 


308,778 


2,162 


778 


1,296 


543 


118 


28 


7,005 


2,329 


21,085,317 


3,809,371 


1,123 


575 


1,039 


482 


779 


326 


1,635 


453 


1,316 


329 


618 


107 


350 


50 


130 


7 


15 




4,112 


1,663 


2,217,572 


189,362 


1,965 


1,123 


1,176 


479 


439 


47 


532 


14 


9,497 


3,222 


5,081,541 


1,504,432 


1,595 


391 


4,589 


1,809 


1,997 


720 


1,265 


296 


51 


6 



71 
9,446 
2,332 

71 
2,332 



8,087 

59 

1,784 



33 
985 

33 
295 



6 
249 

6 
225 



51 
3,432 
3,767 



76 

76 

972,722 



1 
70 
49 
201,808 
12 
10 

8 
17 

2 

31 

11,500 

10 

19 

2 

76 
748,037 



10 

28 

32 

6 

48 

13,900 

15 

26 

6 

1 

76 

200,879 



282 

17,474 

5,063 

277 

5,053 

5 

10 

236 

12,343 

236 

3,161 



73 

2,066 

73 

621 



81 

1,087 

81 

406 



83 

1,174 

78 

316 

5 
10 

20 
530 

20 
495 



18 

274 

18 

54 



246 
6,617 
8,344 



307 
307 

2,271,171 



10 

72 

225 

172 

446,765 

38 

71 

33 

25 

5 

134 

36,328 

82 



301 
1,076,958 

26 
16 

71 

123 

57 

7 

1 

199 
52,711 
53 
114 
31 
1 

307 
279,709 



60 
145 

102 



788 

29,716 

7,826 

788 

7,796 

5 

30 

723 

22,360 

723 

5,285 

5 

30 

135 

1,430 

135 

314 



312 

3,016 

312 

955 



89 

1,235 

89 

364 



95 
550 

95 
574 



110 

1,125 

110 

284 



646 
10,619 
13,268 



900 

900 

3,698,134 

21 

56 

559 

264 

366 

469,472 

217 

87 

51 

11 

377 

82,730 

255 

112 

10 

783 

1,325,076 

115 

125 

125 

221 

164 

22 

11 



489 

75,071 

254 

219 

5 

11 

900 
505,764 
25 
448 
318 
109 



759 

14,255 

4,348 

759 

4,346 



619 

10,670 

614 

3,023 

5 

2 

110 

770 

110 

216 



230 

1,410 

230 

530 



75 
655 

75 
152 



60 
245 

60 
242 



110 
505 
110 
183 



677 
7,785 
8,450 



1,094 

1,094 

2,509,155 

65 
381 
611 

37 

365 

295,155 

265 

85 

10 
5 

487 

124,095 

226 

256 

5 

734 
491,425 
245 
226 
115 
121 
27 



557 

30,230 

466 

90 



1,084 
356,960 
101 
766 
191 
26 



410 
4,655 
1,464 

410 
1,464 



315 

3,625 

315 

1,066 



30 
165 
30 
31 



90 

285 

90 

162 



405 
50 

104 



45 
130 
45 
55 



275 
2,115 
2,265 



780 

780 

1,045,455 

265 
390 

125 

265 

149,235 

235 



280 

49,210 

180 

100 

410 
156,425 
195 
105 
70 
35 
5 



330 

16,250 

295 

30 

5 



765 

150,900 
210 
500 

50 
5 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 4 .-Dairy farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. So© Uttt] 



59 



[ton 

(For definition* and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALt'E OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOURCE 

All (aim products Sold total, dollars." 

average per farm, dollars. 

All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold do! Itra . 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting . 

number . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved forms reporting., 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms repotting. 

nun,™,. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull cnl.es farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number en hand 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farm* reporting. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head nanus reporting. , 

50 to 99 head farm* r,-|.,ri mg. . 

100 to 499 head funn* reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting, . 

Cows, including heifers that have calvod- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head ram.s reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting, . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

75 to 99 head farms report inc. . 

100 or more head farms reporting ■■ 

Milk cows— 

1 head.. farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

,10 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. , 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . , 

100 or more head forms reporting. . 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting . . 

number. . 

HogS and pigS farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting., 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting, . 

number.. 

Stteep and lamOS farms reporting. . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Ewes farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Rams and wethers farms repining.. 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and ovet farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive fartmi reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. 

numi>er. . 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms ropitfting . . 

dollars.. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . . 

dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



166,151,946 

16,980 

69,388, .M0 

54,4-45,304 

2,072,391 

5,384,374 

7,486,371 

96,763,508 

59,986,999 

30,933,878 

5,842,631 



6,155 

171,684 

5,813 

94,794 

, I 
88,055 

5,363 
65,538 

3,777 
11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
601 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



898 

1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

665 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,650 
973 

10,333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 
24,172 

569 
7,961 

673 
16,211 

648 
15,020 

450 
1,191 

3,482 
4,441,586 



Economic class 



35,144,275 

10,790 

2,364,782 

825,452 

140, 958 

255,669 

1,142,703 

32,779,493 

1,074,779 

28,544,367 

3,160,347 



3,226 

132,555 
3,205 

77,319 
3,205 

76,854 

3,094 

50,999 

1,933 

4,237 



20 

80 

481 

1,804 

702 

139 



20 
285 
1,123 
956 
643 
L25 
28 
25 



15 
285 
1,148 
946 
633 
125 
28 
25 

847 
1,502 

671 
3,281 

258 
2,211 

490 
1,070 

214 
5,972 

163 
1,988 

188 
3,984 

183 
3,575 

131 

409 

982 
188,255 



4,961 




3,196 


72,446 




54,512 


4,816,317 


3 


,008,374 


506 




128 


19,793 




2,267 


672,962 




77,078 


461 




101 


11,930 




2,515 


155,090 




32,695 


3,999 




3,257 


622,282,725 


570 


808,339 


30,933,878 


28 


544,367 


2,975 




401 


36,018,208 




279,850 


2,211 




469 


48,750,743 


1 


616,650 


23,887,864 | 




792,159 



3,784,374 

49,794 

362,314 

82,174 

5,000 

61,750 

213,390 

3,422,060 

226,473 

2,931,440 

264,147 



76 

10,213 

76 

5,969 

76 

5,839 

75 

4,057 

62 

187 



15 

11 

18 

7 

25 

13 
25 
12 

174 
11 

124 

7 

50 



726 

2 
9 



6% 

6 

21 



13 
46,525 



76 

3,657 

262,286 

1 

4 

136 

1 

7 

91 

76 

57,434,396 

2,931,440 

13 

36,700 

12 

387,295 

189,773 



7,692,542 

25,057 

543,207 

285,031 

20,598 

50,613 

186,965 

7,«9,335 

361,841 

6,039,925 

747, 569 



307 
23,809 

307 
13,691 

307 
13,641 

292 

9,393 

222 

725 



45 
178 
84 



25 
25 

152 
84 
21 



25 
25 

152 
84 
21 



69 
143 

43 
984 

22 
822 

32 
162 

27 
1,589 

22 
610 

27 
979 

27 
915 

22 

64 

65 
58,420 



307 

10,132 

701,389 

21 

890 

30,260 

17 

885 

11,505 

307 

116,778,626 

6,039,925 

58 

128,943 

43 

475,300 

232,698 



12,357,852 

13,731 

782,289 

288,459 

67,600 

39,064 

387,166 

11,575,563 

334,784 

10,202,817 

1,037,962 



864 
45,109 

883 
26,178 

883 
26,073 

873 

17,821 

507 

1,110 



26 

417 

436 

5 



91 
346 
423 

23 



91 
356 
413 

23 



228 
381 
210 
1,145 
95 
825 
140 
320 

68 

2,012 

48 

814 

58 

1,198 

58 

964 

47 

234 

278 
49,195 



900 

18,915 

999,024 

45 

635 

21,590 

37 

888 

11,544 

900 

202,564,154 

10,202,817 

129 

88,793 

138 



500,6 i5 
245,321 



8,134,942 

7,436 

473,628 

125,340 

32,310 

92,632 

223,346 

7,661,314 

94,766 

6,819,565 

746,983 



1,084 
36,314 

1,079 
21,356 

1,079 
21,256 

1,034 

13,583 

677 

1,375 



5 
80 
922 
77 



10 

25 

512 

475 

57 



5 
25 

522 

470 

57 



292 
563 
216 
598 
60 
270 
171 
328 

71 
835 

61 
275 

61 
560 

56 
510 

36 

50 

321 
17,080 



1,088 

15,063 

705,130 

36 

618 

21,012 

31 

545 

7,085 

1,094 

138,046,145 

6,819,565 

116 

19,021 

136 

150,805 

73,895 



2,997,986 

3,844 

195,461 

41,632 

13,375 

11,496 

128,958 

2,802,525 

56,915 

2,409,640 

335,970 



775 
15,635 

760 
9,370 

760 
9,340 

735 

5,520 

400 

745 



60 
335 
380 



5 

195 

475 

85 



5 
195 
485 
75 



220 
355 
155 
325 
55 
140 
120 
185 

35 
765 

25 
270 

30 

495 

I 30 

455 

20 

40 

280 
16,665 



735 

6,330 

313,060 

20 

115 

3,910 

15 

190 

2,470 

780 

52,516,105 

2,409,640 

85 

6,393 

140 

102,595 

50,272 



176,579 
1,766 
7,883 
2,816 
2,075 
114 
2,878 

168,696 

140,960 
27,716 



100 
1,475 
100 
755 
100 
705 



85 

625 

65 

95 



20 
15 
40 
25 



5 
65 
20 
10 



5 

65 
25 

5 



25 
35 
35 
55 
15 
30 
20 
25 

5 
45 

5 
10 

5 
35 

5 
35 



25 
370 



90 

415 

27,485 

5 

5 

170 



100 

3,468,913 

140,980 



60 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY- 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 4 .-Dairy farms 

[DaU are based on reports Tor only a sample of farm9. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial Farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PKODUCTS-Continued 

Litters (anowei) December 1, 1958. to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reponins. . 

number of liuers. . 

1 or 2 litters "arms reporting.. 

3 to 9 liuers farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting 

20 to 39 huers 'arms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting . . 

70 or more liuers farms reporting.. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting . . 

number of litters.. 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . . 

number of litters . . 

SPECIFIED CHOPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farm* reporting.. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting 

acre. . . 
bushel; . . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Rye harvested farms report J .n. . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . 

acres, 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Clover, titnothy, arid mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres, 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 

tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons, green weight. 



412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 
71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



2,279 

48,054 

2,317,392 

1,341 
1,519,020 

43 

191 

5,365 

6 
1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 

107 

512 

7,045 

50 
3,005 



354 
5,564 

10,848 

52 
995 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 
3,014 
5,758 

10 
175 

1,826 
62,257 
73,065 

266 
6,755 



574 
12,859 
66,937 



633 
51 
32 



73 
259 

68 
374 



986 

8,002 

823 

131 

26 

1 

5 

11 

60 

2,900 



405 

5,296 

202,430 

15 
3,550 

1 

18 

900 



10 
25 
575 



5 
20 
165 



264 
3,967 
7,794 

10 
125 



2,859 
176,654 
262,367 

207 
7,478 



330 

2,250 
4,759 



1,001 
43,226 
53,698 

61 
1,910 



491 
11,277 
58,965 



38 

1,060 

15 

11 
6 



5 

50 

2,500 



1 

18 

900 



13 
240 
625 



66 

9,870 
17,095 



2 
250 



27 
500 
855 



41 
2,968 
12,625 



16 
128 

10 
1 



110 

1,393 

66 

29 

15 



64 

1,331 
50,550 



20 

500 



49 
1,722 
2,845 



280 
30,292 
51,262 

48 
2,678 



71 

797 

2,115 

5 

50 

89 
5,271 
7,318 

16 
675 



121 
2,970 
19,365 



40 

270 

20 



120 
25 

150 



397 

3,379 

306 

86 

5 



135 

2,035 
89,100 

10 
2,050 



82,649 



112 
1,200 
3,004 

5 
100 



809 
59,807 
87,585 



92 
613 
949 



317 
16,945 
23,670 

25 

815 



204 
4,084 
21,040 



21 
147 



11 
46 
16 

101 



331 

1,860 

326 

5 



55 
2,650 



106 

1,215 

37, 570 



1,500 



5 
20 
165 



65,380 



65 

650 

1,025 



944 
49,155 
72,475 

51 
1,505 



86 
630 

1,260 



338 
13,945 
15,765 

15 
320 



90 

1,000 
4,385 



90 
285 
90 



85 

655 

22,385 



31,955 



15 
95 

10'. 



675 
25,040 
30,825 



40 
595 



70 
165 
335 



220 

6,500 
6,050 



30 

155 

1,400 



See footnotes at end of table . 



MAINE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 4. -Dairy farms 

| Data are based on reports fnr only a sample r>f fp-ns. See text J 



61 



(PW definitions and explanations, sop lexl) 



Total all 
commercial fanns 



Economic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS mRVESTED-Conlimred 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 2 . 
barrels. . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 



Blueberries (tame and wild) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
pounds . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars . . 



3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 

917 
2,072,391 

445 

17,484 

12,799,758 



809 
8,360 



712 

1,819 

212,508 

96 

245 

2,756 

267 
140,958 

38 

910 

832,055 



304 
1,084 



1,010 



16 

249 

28,590 



5 
5,000 



597 
76,635 



(Z) 

1 

17 
20,598 

1 

515 

256,000 



172 

609 

73,504 

25 

150 

1,235 

75 
67,600 

7 

80 

71,090 



98 

418 



247 

281 

26,679 



100 
32,310 

20 

275 

458,600 



98 
438 



195 

72 

6,795 

25 

40 
475 

55 
13,375 

10 

40 

46,365 



75 
139 



25 

11 

305 

5 

(Z) 

5 

15 
2,075 



10 
11 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



62 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



F\R\ts, ACREA.OE, AMI VALUE 

Farms number . . 

Percent distribution percent,. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Percent distribution percent . . 

\verago si ze of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm doll ars , . 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Land in (arms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres , farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting, . 

Cropland used only for pasuire farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

Cropland not harvested and not pasUired farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) forms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Woodland pasUired farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

tmpioved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 

farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

acres.. 
Land in strip-L-ropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to .14 years number . . 

15 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number. . 

65 or more years number . . 

Average age years . . 

0FF-F*R\i WORK \SD OTHER IMCOUE 

Farm operators- 
working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With olhcr income if family exceeding value of 

agricultural pnducLs sold operators reporting. . 

Operalors not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

Wii^ income fro", sources other than farm operated. . .operators reporting. 
Willi other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FIRMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 19 acres number. 

50 to fill acres number. 

~0to99 arre-. number. 

1 10 acres number . 

Ill) to 179 acres number. 

number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 199 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 'o 1,999 acres ..number. 

..I mi) ,ir more acres number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



17,342 

XXX 

3,077,852 

JOQC 

177.5 



14,582 
83.19 



15,116 

707,155 

2,813 

2,497 

2,004 

2,793 

3,259 

1,359 

372 

15 

4 

7,786 

176,469 

6,108 

213,604 

2,009 

53,495 

4,786 

160,109 

3,820 

172,394 

13,438 

1,521,834 

4,606 

128,388 

1,046 

16,519 

124 

1,549 

486 
7,024 

604 
19,631 

538 
17,829 

328 
12,785 



17,255 
266 
1,784 
3,500 
4,234 
3,919 
3,552 
51.9 



9,555 
2,538 
1,219 
5,798 
3,087 

4,441 

6,315 

7,787 
1,671 
3,665 



790 
2,700 
1,616 
2,122 
2,701 
1,843 
1,428 

875 
2,305 

757 

157 
48 



9,785 
100.0 
2,241,525 
100.0 
229.1 



19,480 
85.24 



8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 

135,087 

3,859 

149,983 

1,677 

47,052 

2,754 

102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 

1,369 

415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 
17,669 

278 
11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 
50.0 



3,995 
1,956 
672 
1,367 
1,136 

1,824 

1,248 



5,790 
1,165 
2,026 



475 

779 

581 

927 

1,466 

1,153 

1,003 

700 

1,884 

636 

137 

44 



21 

0.2 

14,115 

0.6 

672.1 



27,267 
88.62 



21 
2,175 



5 
55 
10 

185 
10 

185 



21 
11,020 



2,457 

25.1 

600,203 

26.8 

244.3 

24,494 
97.64 

2,457 

208,429 

25 

80 

181 

445 

1,063 

503 

129 

10 

1 

1,142 

18,299 

1,828 

81,915 

1,222 

39,522 

1,077 

42,393 

326 

10,940 

2,089 

239,393 

539 

12,624 

125 

1,485 

15 

569 

128 
2,672 

450 
17,842 

392 

15,722 

180 

7,805 



2,440 
66 
249 
610 
749 
547 
219 
48.5 



1,126 

663 
299 
164 
306 

476 

171 

1,331 
202 
399 



70 

90 

200 

490 

405 

305 

215 

472 

169 

31 

10 



157 

1.6 

25,779 

1.2 

164.2 

15,571 
95.68 

157 
8,358 
10 
30 
30 
30 
30 
21 
6 



30 

785 

72 

2,090 

11 

207 

66 

1,883 

30 

605 

122 

11,458 

20 

545 

5 

100 

30 

285 

56 
550 

5 

100 

5 

50 



157 
5 
25 
25 
57 
30 
15 
48.0 



90 
45 
10 
35 
40 



67 
21 

20 



15 
20 
35 
35 
10 
10 
10 

11 

10 

1 



MAINE 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

_________ __________ [Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



63 



! 1 or definitions and explanations. Bee 'exi] 



FIRMS. AritF.ViF, V\r> VALUE 

Farms numlier 

Percent distribution , percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm .acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

\\,-rage per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

DO to 49 acres farms reporting 

SO to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres fanns reporting 

200 to 499 acres forms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acies 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured forms reporting 

acres 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes fnims reporting 

l. r 

Other cropland [idle and crop railure) farms reporting 

acres 
Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Woodland not pastured farms renorting 

acres 
Other posture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 
Improved pasture farms reporting 

;i. r--- 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms renorting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number 

I nder 25 years number 

25 to (4 years number 

15 to 1 1 years number 

45 to 5 1 years number 

55 to ft 4 years number 

S5 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operutors reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural nroducls sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their forms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off form operutors reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated. . .operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under U) acres number 

10 to 19 acres number 

50 to fiO acres number 

70 to 90 acres number 

100 to 1 10 acres number 

1 10 to 179 acres number 

IS 319 acres number 

220 to '~,9 acres number 

2011 to 199 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 . 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by* type of farm— Continued 



Fruit-ajid-nut 
farms 



403 

4.1 

130,677 

5.8 

324.3 



19,446 
62.46 



403 
24,269 
30 
76 
66 
86 
93 
34 
15 



45 

714 

232 

23,586 

20 

780 

217 

22,806 

23 

3,041 

335 

68,508 

35 

1,493 

6 

105 

6 

165 

7 
50 



403 

22 
55 
80 
157 
89 
56.7 



207 
87 
25 
95 
88 

81 

109 

196 
22 
99 



Poultry farms 



2,243 

22.9 

239,299 

10.7 

106.7 



17,374 
166.57 



1,238 
37,739 
264 
284 
202 
266 
170 
44 



576 

11,299 

679 

17,529 

105 

2,334 

603 

15,195 

265 

12,482 

1,533 

127,366 

453 

13,252 

117 

1,210 

6 

120 



51 
285 



16 
260 



16 
590 



2,224 
25 
326 

581 
595 
456 
241 
48.1 



935 
318 
106 

511 
202 

444 

477 

1,308 
276 
501 



314 
544 
250 
327 
245 
193 
122 
85 
120 
28 
14 
1 



Dairy farms 



3,257 

33.3 

897,901 

40.1 

275.7 



17,856, 
65.37 



3,222 

251,779 

40 

95 

275 

780 

1,222 

632 

174 



2,606 

89,868 

640 

15,472 

246 

3,493 

431 

11,979 

1,404 

73,878 

2,801 

391,918 

1,356 

48,992 

470 

8,599 

6 

70 

144 
2,790 

99 
1,052 

104 

1,734 

77 

3,520 



3,242 
45 
292 
701 
922 
729 
553 
51.0 



1,084 
606 
170 
308 
352 

498 

187 

2,173 
525 
731 



30 
105 
230 
470 
380 
435 
270 
1,000 
291 
35 
11 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



338 

3.5 

69,814 

3.1 

206.6 

14,899 
69.01 



258 
13,106 
21 
25 
55 
51 
86 
11 
9 



204 

6,438 

78 

l,31f! 

12 

88 

67 

1,230 

114 

10,700 

238 

11,351 

93 

3,770 

15 

220 



6 
123 



338 
10 
46 
22 
82 

110 

68 

52.3 



153 
66 
25 
62 
46 

68 

72 

1SS 
21 
90 



General farms 



259 

2.6 

68,395 

3.1 

264.1 



21,967 
83.40 



259 

16,926 

25 

20 
30 
65 
71 
35 
12 

1 

106 

3,603 

76 

1,216 

6 

40 

71 

1,176 

59 

1,930 

204 

39,758 

65 

2,655 

18 

395 

5 

20 



10 
215 

2 
57 

5 

125 

5 

55 



259 
5 
25 
35 
72 
90 
32 
51.8 



103 
52 
26 
25 
41 



156 
27 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



650 

6.6 

195,342 

8.7 

300.5 



17,965 
57.94 



531 

16,149 

156 

92 

84 

102 

59 

37 

1 



2X3 

4,026 

244 

6,672 

45 

403 

222 

6,269 

99 

8,586 

482 

143,436 

117 

5,771 

17 

260 

26 

140 

13 
64 

5 

15 



650 

10 

72 

124 

162 

168 

114 

52.0 



291 
114 

11 
166 

61 

155 
150 

359 

71 
128 



141 
40 
16 
45 
61 
50 
50 
30 

100 
75 
31 
11 



64 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only ft sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of fana 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owner* r.umber.. 

All tenants number.. 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Crop-share tenants numbe . 

Livestock-share tenants numb.r , 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number., 

Part owners number. 

Ml tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number. 

Ml tenants number., 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number. 

Class I number . 

Class II number.. 

Class III number.. 

Class IV number . 

Class V number. 

CI ass VI number . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
s reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 



Grain combines 

Com pickers 

Pick-up balers 

Field forage harvesters. 
Motortrucks 



Tractors farm: 



Tractors other than garden . 



1 tractor 

2 tractors 

rt tractors 

4 tractors 

5 or more tractors . 
Wheel tractors 



Crawl e- tractors , 



Garden tractors . 
Automobiles 



Automobiles and/or motortrucks 

Telephone 

Home freezer 

Milking machine 

Electric milk cooler 



Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) . , 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road . , 
1 or more miles to a hard surface mad . . . 

1 mile 

2 or 3 miles 

4 miles 

5 or more miles 



s reporfi ng . . 

numlKT . . 
s reporting. . 

number. . 
s renorting. . 
s reporting. . 
s reporting. . 
* reporting , 
s reporting . 
s reporting, . 

number . . 
s reporting. . 

number . . 
s reporting. . 

numliet. 
9 reporting. . 

number. . 
s reporting. . 
s reporting. . 
s reporting. . 
s reporting . 
s reporting. . 

s reporting.. 
s reporting. 

reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting., 
reporting. , 



FARM L ABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hi red workers farms 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms 

2 hired workers farms 

T or t hired workers farms 

5 to 9 hired workers forms 

10 or more hired workers farms 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Sot residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. 

persons., 
reporting. 

persons. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



13,759 

3,071 

353 

160 

6 

20 

5 

162 

13,754 

3,066 

353 



xxx 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 



1,063 

1,077 

48 

48 

3,089 

3,137 

805 

837 

11,617 

17,314 

12,217 

20,467 

11,081 

17,793 

6,603 

3,018 

1,020 

289 

151 

10,766 

16,289 

1,348 

1,504 

2,548 

2,674 

14,355 

17,205 

16,231 

14,251 

9,132 

4,307 

4,313 

273 
3,528 

12,064 

2,736 

2,350 

1,225 

1,125 

656 

367 

41 

61 



3,318 
9,017 
2,337 
4,064 

1,528 
447 
265 



16,153 
738 
451 



7,051 

2,437 

177 

95 

6 

5 
71 

7,051 

2,432 

177 



9,785 
935 
1,825 
2,533 
2,099 
1,714 
679 



1,001 

1,015 

38 

38 

2,743 

2,786 

765 

792 

7,911 

12,907 

8,024 

15,014 

7,569 

i .,i, 

3,617 

2,599 

942 

263 

148 

7,401 

12,582 

934 

1,023 

1,323 

1,409 

3,421 

10,219 

9,516 

8,634 

5,873 

3,709 

3,696 

251 
3,296 

6,856 

1,677 

1,160 

609 

551 

316 

169 

30 

36 



3,104 
8,704 
2,234 
3,915 

1,448 
436 
255 



9,030 
496 
259 



1,999 
380 

71 
45 

1 



1,999 
380 
71 



2,457 
400 
750 
837 
320 
130 
20 



710 

714 

1 

1 

335 

341 

28 

28 

2,310 

4,621 

2,351 

5,179 

2,336 

5,121 

682 

941 

456 

178 

79 

2,325 

4,797 

306 

324 

45 

58 

2,289 

2,933 

2,416 

2,182 

1,773 

201 

142 

16 
459 

1,739 
395 
282 

151 
131 
75 
35 
10 
11 



855 
3,705 

597 
1,060 

357 

148 

70 

17 

5 



2,118 
231 
108 



60 
76 

10 
5 



60 
71 
10 



157 
1 
15 
31 
35 
45 
30 



5 

5 

10 

10 

25 

25 

10 

10 

147 

207 

137 

372 

122 

320 

50 

35 

21 

16 

L22 

310 

10 

10 

37 

52 

122 

160 

157 

127 

67 

25 

25 



147 

10 



66 
222 

21 
58 



132 
10 
15 



MAINE 



65 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All (arm operators 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number.. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number. , 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

VII tenants number., 

Nonwhile farm operators: 

Full owners number . , 

Part owners number . , 

All tenants number. . 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number. . 

Class I number.. 

Class II number.. 

Class [II number . . 

Class IV number . . 

Class V number . . 

Class VI number.. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms renorting. , 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

numtief . 

Tractors farms report ma. . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number.. 

1 tractor faros reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

^ tractors rums reporting. . 

A tractors fanns reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors fani- 

number. . 

Crawler tractors farms repnrtirg.. 

number. . 

Harden tractors farms repotting. . 

nunbc-r. . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Automobiles and 'or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

M i I k i n i? machine farms renorting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower .... farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms renortiiiz. . 

Gravel, shell, or s hate farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mite farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles famis reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM L .110R, WT.EK PRECEDING ENUMER ATION 

Hired workers farms renorting . . 

persons.. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Farms renorting by number of regular hired workers 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or r hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers tarms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by -type of f ana—Continued 



Fruit-and-nut 
farms 



320 
75 



320 
75 



403 
34 
27 
24 
103 
148 
67 



Poultry farms 



307 
405 

268 

450 

241 

367 

179 

21 

32 

2 

7 

225 

316 

44 

51 

72 

83 

315 

427 

373 

328 

202 

17 

17 



291 
60 

51 
11 
40 
30 
10 



137 

987 

56 

171 

26 
10 
7 



317 
70 
16 



2,026 

139 

16 

5 



2,028 

139 

16 



2,243 
395 
662 
576 
310 
220 
80 



19 

29 

5 

5 

226 

226 

27 

28 

1,416 

1,836 

1,395 

2,056 

1,103 

1,416 

842 

226 

23 

8 

4 

1,048 

1,301 

103 

115 

617 

640 

1,936 

2,231 

2,161 

2,025 

1,329 

206 

204 

31 
659 

1,629 

341 

245 

153 

92 

50 

32 

5 

5 



661 

1,250 

467 

S53 

306 
79 



2,154 
37 
52 



Dairy farms 



1,635 

1,582 

35 

15 



5 
15 

1,635 

1,582 

35 



3,257 

76 

307 

900 

1,094 
780 
100 



209 

209 

15 

15 

1,893 

1,922 

654 

677 

2,832 

4,371 

3,012 

5,487 

2,982 

5,167 

1,358 

1,196 

335 

67 

26 

2,966 

4,886 

. 

281 
320 
320 
2,736 
3,237 
3,217 
2,985 
1,938 
3,041 
3,101 

177 
1,923 

2,172 
653 
417 
231 
186 
111 
55 
15 
5 



1,115 

1,801 

877 

1,272 

643 
140 
77 
15 
2 



3,192 
28 
37 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



233 

78 
20 
20 



233 
78 
20 



16 
32 
53 
96 
141 



109 
124 
11 
13 
263 
490 

228 

-.17 

217 

353 

150 

33 

21 

i 

12 

217 

305 

28 

48 

58 

64 

250 

285 

303 

275 

169 

97 

98 



237 
55 
46 
25 
21 
5 
6 



60 
178 

50 
162 

23 
7 

10 
5 
5 



General farms 



208 
29 

10 



208 
29 
10 



259 
2 
17 
19 
31 
80 

110 



28 

28 

2 

2 

79 

80 

20 

21 

199 

347 

189 

359 

179 

317 

90 

52 

28 

7 

2 

174 

292 

25 

25 

42 

42 

213 

241 

254 

194 

138 

59 

58 

11 
73 

181 
46 
31 
11 
20 
15 



58 
125 
47 
88 

27 

13 

5 

1 
1 



249 
10 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



547 

78 

15 

5 

5 



547 
78 
15 



650 
27 
31 
108 
148 
215 
121 



63 

65 

15 

15 

422 

605 

423 
671 
368 
523 
245 
95 
26 

"i 

308 
359 
135 
164 
131 
148 
544 
639 
614 
507 
251 
63 
46 

5 
64 

444 
117 
83 
22 
61 
30 
26 



147 
431 
114 
246 

56 
24 
27 
6 

1 



556 
68 
26 



66 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 

farms 



Vegetable farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER ANT) LIME 

Commercial fertilizer end fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres on whi ch used . . 
tons.. 

Pry materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reoortme.. 

tons.. 

Corn Farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Oats fftr ns reporting.. 

acres.. 

Pry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons., 

Ml other crops farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms rep irting 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

.Any of the following specified expenditures farms report mp. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $899 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reoorting . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $1,000 (arms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 (arm* reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 (arms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms renorting. . 

510,000 or more farms reporting;. . 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dol I ars . . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 (arms reportine. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor (arms reoorting.. 

dollar'.. 

Under $200 (arms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 , farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 (arms reoorting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reportine-. 

$10,000 to $19,999 rarms reporting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 (arms reporting,. 

$50,000 or more farms reoorting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 (arms reportine. • 

$100 io $499 (arms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms renorting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms repotting, . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 (o $-199 farms reporting.. 

$510 to *999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7,419 


5,874 


266,000 


255,141 


152,116 


147,991 


7,349 


5,819 


151,486 


147,395 


160 


130 


630 


596 


3,456 


2,744 


76,968 


71,227 


3,435 


2,728 


20,149 


18,314 


26 


21 


57 


42 


660 


553 


6,978 


6,078 


650 


543 


1,992 


1,685 


10 


10 


24 


24 


943 


856 


7,802 


7,436 


938 


856 


2,749 


2,613 


5 




3 




1,046 


963 


20,199 


19,608 


983 


900 


3,335 


3,180 


78 


73 


105 


102 


2,938 


2,679 


132,276 


131,444 


2,927 


2,668 


116,114 


115,362 


27 


27 


417 


417 


1,743 


1,078 


21,777 


19,348 


1,723 


1,073 


7,147 


6,241 


40 


20 


24 


11 


4,589 


3,889 


81,616 


75,416 


68,554 


63,161 


16,982 


9,780 


13,493 


7,763 


50,730,406 


48,745,665 


2,289 


657 


5,466 


1,725 


1,429 


1,170 


1,967 


1,882 


2,342 


2,329 


6,759 


4,603 


10,905,203 


10,559,094 


4,651 


2,526 


834 


818 


595 


580 


470 


470 


209 


209 


5,407 


3,576 


1,133,397 


953,691 


3,781 


2,162 


1,502 


1,296 


124 


118 


8,484 


7,005 


21,735,346 


21,085,317 


2,054 


1,123 


1,322 


1,039 


941 


779 


1,686 


1,635 


1,346 


1,316 


638 


618 


351 


350 


130 


130 


16 


15 


5,864 


4,112 


2,317,778 


2,217,572 


3,533 


1,965 


1,319 


1,176 


460 


439 


552 


532 


15,105 


9,497 


5,584,485 


5,081,541 


5,623 


1,595 


6,069 


4,589 


2,078 


1,997 


1,284 


1,265 


51 


51 



15 

400 

115 

15 

115 



10 

200 
10 
55 



5 

200 

5 

60 



10 
250 
110 



21 

5 

1,000 



10 
4,720 



6 
2,200 



15 

3,510 

5 

5 

5 



21 

3,050 

10 

11 



2,415 

155,357 

119,087 

2,365 

118,541 

99 

546 

294 

5,665 

284 

1,717 

10 

9 

119 
945 
109 
361 

10 

24 

6 

20 
6 
13 



602 

15,410 

544 

2,048 

68 

92 

2,354 

129,073 

2,343 

113,026 

27 

417 

141 

4,244 

136 

1,376 

5 

4 

1,289 

35,130 

17,000 



2,452 

1,181 

825,788 

443 

603 

45 

67 

23 

672 

163,627 

637 

28 

7 



1,142 

351,488 

711 

405 

26 

2,344 

11,183,440 

75 

120 

190 

685 

632 

345 

196 

93 

8 

1,294 

1,598,531 

141 

405 

312 

436 

2,442 
2,171,867 
110 
748 
876 
676 
32 



151 

5,713 

2,574 

151 

2,568 

10 

6 

15 

295 

15 

70 



10 
70 
10 
16 



35 
55 
35 
46 



151 

5,293 

151 

2,436 

10 

6 

90 
1,395 
1,605 



157 
80 
79,055 
20 
35 
10 
10 
5 

45 

14,825 

35 

10 



65 

19,370 

45 

15 

5 

117 

321,910 

10 

10 

35 

31 

15 

10 

5 

1 
127 
43,545 
20 
80 
16 
11 

152 

78,650 

25 

80 

40 

6 

1 



MAINE 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



67 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Fruit-and-nut 
farms 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. , 

acres on which used. , 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons., 
Liquid materials farms reporting.. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials ... 
Liquid materials . 



Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



5 reporting. 

arms reporting. 

tons., 
arms reporting. 

tons.. 

arms reporting.. 

acres. 

arms reporting. 

tons. , 
arms renortine., 

tons.. 

Corn .farms reporting., 

acres . . 
. farms reporting, 
tons., 
farms reporting, . 

Ions . 

arms reporting. . 

acres . , 

arms reporting. . 

tons. . 

'arms reporting.. 



Dry materials .. . 
Liquid materials. 



Oats 

Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials . 

Irish potatoes. 
Dry materials . .. 
Liquid materials . 



Ml other crops . . . 
Dry materials . . 
Liquid materials 



Lime or liming materials used dunng the year , 



tons.. 

arms reporting. , 
acres . , 
arms reporting., 

tons.. 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 

'arms reporting. , 
acres . , 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

■ms reporting. . 

acres limed.. 

tons.. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

\ny of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under *100 farms reporting. 

Sift) to SB99 farms reporting. 

Sl.OOO to si, 999 farms reporting. 

S2.000 to S4.999 farms reporting. 

S5.000 or more farms reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

del I ars . 

Under S) t 000 fares reporting. 

Sl.OOO to S2.499 farms reporting., 

.S2.500 to Si, 999 farms reporting., 

S5,000 to .S9.099 farms reporting., 

S10.000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

Hollars. 

Under SfJOO farms reporting., 

S200 to S999 farms reporting. . 

Sl.OOO or more farms reporting. 

Hired labor farms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Under S?O0 farms reporting. , 

S200 toS499 farms reporting.. 

S500 to S999 farms reporting. 

Sl.OOO to S?, 499 farms reporting. , 

S5, 500 to St,999 farms reporting. , 

S5.000 to *9,999 farms reporting. 

S1O.0OO to e 19,999 farms reporting., 

S20.000 to S49.999 farms reporting. , 

S50.000 or more farms reporting. , 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under S100 farms reporting. 

S100 to S499 faims reporting. 

S500 to S999 farms renorting. , 

Sl.OOO or more farms reporting. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms reporting. 

dol I ars . , 

Under MOO farms reporting. 

Slot) to 4 t99 farms reporting. 

S5Ct) to «999 farms reporting. 

S1,000 to S',999 fanns reporting. 

S5.00O or more farms repining. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



132 
6,491 
1,205 

182 

1,204 

1 
1 

31 
533 

30 
U1 

1 
1 

6 
85 

6 
23 



149 
5,867 

149 
1,032 



80 
1,280 
1,649 



403 

109 

40,470 

55 

33 

20 

1 

62 

21,135 
57 



171 

64,557 

83 

63 

25 

310 

1,163,002 

30 

40 

36 

109 

58 

12 

4 

19 

2 

98 

19,907 

57 

30 

6 

5 

382 
112,365 
117 
217 
31 
14 
3 



324 
5,011 
1,668 

324 
1,668 



207 

2,892 

207 

877 



56 

470 

56 



42 

327 
42 
117 



16 
270 
16 



27 
335 

27 
298 



77 
717 

77 
258 



229 
2,527 
2,768 



2,243 

2,243 

36,313,093 

5 

100 

100 

370 

1,668 

2,198 
8,372,457 
697 
489 
419 
407 
186 

483 

116,778 

321 

139 

23 

1,332 

2,618,670 

300 

292 

158 

236 

212 

95 

34 

2 

3 

447 

33,005 

367 

67 

12 

1 

2,138 

722,790 

572 

1,193 

220 

150 

3 



2,360 
76,096 
21,244 

2,355 

21,202 
15 
42 

1,982 
57,580 
1,977 

14,473 
10 
32 

348 
4,431 

348 
1,182 



761 
6,803 

761 
2,372 



307 
3,524 

302 

965 

5 

10 

206 
1,619 

206 
1,582 



323 

2,139 

323 

628 



1,925 
31,003 
36,414 



3,257 

3,257 

10,570,377 

15 

421 

852 

1,373 

596 

1,247 

1,583,490 

792 

253 

137 

58 



1,349 

308 ,778 

778 

543 

28 

2,329 

3,809,371 

575 

482 

326 

453 

329 

107 

50 

7 

1,663 

189,362 

1,123 

479 
47 
14 

3,222 

1.' '-'■.. .3.' 

391 

1,809 

720 

296 

6 



96 

1,671 

439 

96 
439 



76 

1,349 

76 

332 



25 

135 
25 
53 



25 
135 
25 
31 



71 
1,647 
1,155 



338 
333 

344,394 
30 
164 
92 
36 
11 

164 
307,945 

122 
16 
10 

16 

110 

15,635 

76 

32 

2 

132 

317,547 

37 

31 

15 

16 

7 

16 

10 



101 

5,281 

80 

21 



298 

85,309 

95 

149 
41 
13 



106 
2,750 
999 
106 
999 



17 
291 

17 
334 



49 
309 

49 
122 



86 

1,416 
1,337 



259 
179 
357,003 
20 
103 
20 
17 
19 

71 

33,753 

56 

14 

1 



93 

16,095 
56 

37 

114 

352,478 

40 

5 

5 

27 

24 

ii 

2 

82 

18,491 

35 

35 

11 
1 

229 
93,502 

70 
110 
21 
27 

1 



225 

1,652 

660 

225 

659 

5 

1 

75 
980 

75 
234 



7 

75 
7 
19 



13 
65 
13 
30 



6 

28 

6 

9 



29 
60 
29 
69 



158 
444 
158 
298 
5 
1 



109 

768 

1,123 



650 
376 

214,485 

69 

261 

31 

8 
7 

144 
61,862 

130 
8 
1 
5 



153 

56,270 

92 

52 

9 

321 

1,316,699 

56 

54 

14 

77 

39 

33 

40 

7 

1 

285 

305,940 

137 

54 

30 

64 

613 

309,576 

205 

272 

48 

83 

5 



68 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



ESTIM VTED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 
All farm products sold total, dollars.., 

average per farm, dollars. . . 

.Ml crops sold dollars.., 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.., 

Vegetables sold dollars.., 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . , 

Forest nroducts and horticultural specialty products sold dollars... 

Ml livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. , 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

Dairy products sold dollars.., 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. , 

LIVESTOCK VND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting... 

number. ., 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. ., 

number , . , 

Milk cows farm^ reporting... 

number... 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . . 

number. . , 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 

number. ., 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . . 

5 to 9 head .farms reporting. . 

10 to IE* head farms reporting . . 

20 to 49 head farms reporti ng . . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting . . 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head .farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

TO to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head ...farms reporting.. 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporti ng . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Born since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Ewes farms report i ng . . 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting, . 

number. , 

dol 1 its . , 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars. . 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. , 

pounds , 
dollars., 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reoorting.. 

dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. , 
dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



171,692,584 


166 


151,948 


9,900 




16,980 


72,189,843 


69,388,440 


55,424,440 


54 


445,304 


2,260,261 


2 


072,391 


6,0*6,662 


5 


384,374 


8,458,480 


7 


486,371 


99,502,741 


96 


763,508 


60,593,045 


59 


986,999 


31,856,182 


30 


933,878 


7,053,514 


5 


842,631 


10,719 




6,155 


199,045 




171,684 


9,732 




5,813 


105,213 




94,794 


9,155 




5,553 


96,652 




88,055 


8,701 




5,363 


76,779 




65,538 


6,177 




3,777 


17,053 




11,352 


947 




301 


2,970 




966 


1,913 




752 


1,506 




909 


2,404 




2,262 


802 




801 


177 




164 


2,645 




786 


3,562 




1,622 


1,495 




1,394 


1,088 




1,083 


727 




726 


141 




135 


41 




34 


33 




33 


2,686 




898 


3,199 




1,449 


1,333 




1,282 


1,056 




1,056 


685 




685 


135 




128 


35 




29 


26 




26 


4,088 




1,869 


8,746 




4,127 


4,079 




2,292 


27,047 




19,650 


1,707 




973 


14,162 




10,333 


2,950 




1,653 


12,885 




9,317 


1,573 




719 


39,472 




24,172 


1,132 




569 


12,793 




7,961 


1,412 




673 


26,679 




16,211 


1,347 




648 


24,673 




15,020 


909 




450 


2,006 




1,191 


6,035 




3,482 


4,593,286 


4 


,441,586 


7,741 




4,961 


82,972 




72,446 


5,674,030 


4,81 


858 




506 


24,130 




19,793 


820,420 




672,962 


913 




461 


19,151 




11,930 


248,963 




155,090 


4,858 




3,999 


641,586,842 


62; 


,282,725 


31,856,182 


3C 


,933,878 


3,649 




2,975 


36,089,139 


36,01 


3,252 




2,211 


49,807,344 


4£ 


,750,743 


24,405,599 


2; 


,887,864 



129,148 


55,355,769 


6,150 


22,530 


129,148 


53,286,882 


119,648 


52,299,828 




519,267 




26,781 


9,500 


441,006 




2,068,887 




747,375 




794,879 




526,633 


5 


1,242 


5 


13,005 


5 


1,146 


5 


6,032 


5 


1,008 


5 


4,278 




988 




4,631 




810 




2,342 


5 


81 




450 




356 




159 




172 



275 
690 
121 
37 



326 

576 

55 

31 
17 
2 



1 

402 
828 
733 

2,775 
356 

1,427 
491 

1,348 

85 
5,971 

80 
2,187 

85 
3,784 

80 
3,599 

55 
185 

856 
145,420 

643 

3,809 

403,625 

165 

1,782 

60,588 

75 

3,515 

45,695 

257 

18,487,688 

794,879 

198 

193,591 

359 

1,097,800 

537,922 



1,495,128 
9,523 

1,338,764 
68,975 

1,216,890 
29,009 
23,890 
156,364 
73,669 
47,935 

34,760 



55 

780 
50 

250 
50 

250 

45 
295 

20 
235 



10 
5 
15 
10 
15 



20 

15 
15 



20 
15 

15 



30 
65 
20 
35 
5 
10 
15 
25 



40 
15,780 

35 

260 

33,970 

5 

5 

170 

5 

40 

520 

15 

988,750 

47,935 

10 
45,935 

20 
56,600 
27,734 



MAINE 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



69 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VaLUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold doll ars . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

Ml livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars., 

LIVESTOCK WD LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. , 

number . . 

Cow9, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Steers and bulls including sleer anil hull calves farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head forms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms renorting.. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

% to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head Tarms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms repotting.. 

20 to 29 head farms renorting.. 

.10 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms retorting . . 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number. ., 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . , 

number. . , 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. .. 

dollars.., 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. .. 

dollars... 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number. . , 

dollars.. . 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting... 

pounds . . 

dollars. .. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms renorting... 

dollars.. . 
Chicken eggs sold rarms reporting.. . 

dozens. . . 

dollars... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



Fruit-ajid-nut 
farms 



4,867,261 

12,078 

4,811,227 

50,403 

6,161 

4,533,167 

221,496 

56,034 

11,931 

5,510 

38,593 



468 
78 

212 
78 

130 

42 
162 
43 
94 



16 

31 

15 

50 
10 
10 
10 
40 
10 
30 
10 
10 

42 
2,309 

47 

346 

36,520 

5 

30 

1,020 

15 

30 

390 

15 

107,079 

5,510 

6 

796 

7 

22,725 

11,135 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Poultry farms 



60,115,108 

26,801 

1,150,154 

513,876 

70,970 

246,965 

318,343 

58,964,954 

57,697,695 

908,373 

358,886 



784 
9,645 

669 
4,329 

605 
3,484 



581 

3,845 

457 

1,471 



116 
279 
139 

79 
135 

35 
1 



246 

278 

67 

46 

32 



282 
213 
40 
46 
24 



146 
326 
501 

2,399 
173 

1,218 
366 

1,1B1 

233 
6,191 

166 
2,003 

218 
4,188 

208 
3,855 

143 

333 

1,181 
4,032,021 

442 

2,800 

235,141 

85 

1,898 

64,532 

132 

3,026 

39,338 

222 

18,368,131 

908,373 

2,208 

35,426,928 

1,161 

45,326,096 

22,209,787 



Dairy farms 



35,144,275 

10,790 

2,364,782 

825,452 

140,958 

255,669 

1,142,703 

32,779,493 

1,074,779 

28,544,367 

3,160,347 



3,226 

132,555 

3,205 

77,319 

3,205 

76,854 

3,094 
50,999 

1,933 
4,237 



20 

80 

481 

1,804 

702 

139 



20 
285 
1,123 
956 
643 
125 
28 
25 



15 
285 
1,148 
946 
633 
125 
28 
25 

847 
1,502 

671 
3,281 

258 
2,211 

490 
1,070 

214 
5,972 

163 
1,988 

188 
3,984 

183 
3,575 

131 

409 

982 
188,255 

3,196 

54,512 

3,008,374 

128 

2,267 

77,078 

101 

2,515 

32,695 

3,257 

570,808,339 

28,544,367 

401 

279,850 

469 

1,616,650 

792,159 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



1.616,417 

4,782 

90,401 

40,985 

2,975 

9,665 

36,776 

1,526,016 

35,111 

130,400 

1,360,505 



287 
8,307 

232 
3,769 

193 

891 

242 

2,741 

222 

1,797 



40 
101 
46 
16 
17 
1 
5 
6 



45 

127 

15 

6 



112 
373 
144 
10,136 
105 

4,965 
119 

5,171 

59 
2,705 

54 
599 

59 
2,106 

59 
1,989 

38 
117 

106 
5,265 

283 

7,885 

871,584 

77 

12,907 

438,838 

48 

1,352 

17,576 

91 

2,812,194 

130,400 

35 

16,934 

61 

36,050 

17,662 



General farms 



1,539,461 
5,944 
756,760 
431,434 
57,720 
118,135 
149,471 
782,701 
314,327 
328,868 

139.506 



159 
3,511 

149 
1,423 

142 
1,080 

128 

1,503 

119 

585 



92 

299 
77 

564 
38 

324 
56 

240 

43 
868 

42 
304 

43 
564 

38 
502 

32 

62 



44,660 



1,234 

110,741 

22 

594 

20,196 

28 

316 

4,108 

65 

i,709,207 

328,868 

59 

51,248 

59 

535,975 

262,629 



Miscellaneous 

farms 



5,889,381 

9,061 

5,460,322 

94,703 

57,450 

164,983 

5,143,186 

429,059 

32,112 

173,546 

223,401 



309 
3,408 

279 
1,455 

267 
1,083 

243 

1,362 

173 

591 



44 
81 
75 
64 
36 



160 
9 
12 
7 
2 



102 
145 



190 
640 
130 
429 
38 
178 
1D0 
251 

70 
2,415 

54 
870 

70 
1,545 

70 
1,470 

41 

75 

187 
7,876 

217 

1,600 

116,362 

19 

310 

10,540 

57 

1,136 

14,768 

77 

4,001,337 

173,546 

58 

2,926 

75 

58,847 

28,836 



70 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 Farms reporting. 

number of litters., 



1 or 2 litters 

!t to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 liuers 

10 to 89 1 tilers 
70 or more litters . . 
June 2 to November 30 



arms reporting.. 

arms reporting. . 

'arms reporting.. 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. , 

r arms reporting. . 
number of litters. , 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 or more acres farms reporting . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. 



bushels. . 

.farms resorting.. 

bushels. 



Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels. 

Sales. farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 



675 

5,228 

338 

209 

41 

76 

1 
10 

48i 

2,148 
503 

3,080 



1,258 

9,554 

1,057 

158 

37 

1 

5 

80 

313 

12,230 

5 

175 

28 

243 

6,580 

18 
5,314 

2,524 

50,051 

2,398,937 

1,4*6 
1,556,645 

48 

306 

9,865 



1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 

117 
552 

7,385 
50 

3,005 



462 

6,483 

12,193 

72 

1,180 



9,455 
339,590 

455,011 
2,576 
65,321 



641 

3,794 

6,904 

25 

545 

3,994 
100,561 
104,196 

1,118 

17,200 



602 
13,583 
71,252 



412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 

71 

'i6 

273 
1,637 

310 
2,497 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 

5 

29 

155 

8,595 



18 

153 

4,780 



3,514 

2,279 

48,054 

2,317,392 

1,341 
1,519,020 

43 

191 

5,365 

6 
1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 

3,205 

107 
512 

7,045 
50 

3,005 



351,917 



354 

5,564 

10,848 

52 

995 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 

3,014 

5,758 

10 

175 

1,826 

62,257 

73,065 

266 

6,755 



574 
12,859 
66,937 



144 

445 

107 

27 

5 

5 



63 
175 
108 
270 



15 
1,545 

78,500 



50 

425 

5 

425 



6 
225 
247 

6 
247 



5 

125 

150 

5 

I..'.- 1 



18 

153 

4,780 



1,722 

39,803 

1,982,771 

1,276 
1,427,305 

41 

165 

4,145 

6 
1,400 

6 

58 

1,500 

2 

600 

101 
487 

6,800 
50 

3,005 



20 

205 

270 

5 

60 



1,354 

30,359 

40,629 

309 

7,494 



25 
365 
455 



26 

620 

680 

5 

125 



11 

175 
1,100 



10 

70 

2,100 



2,175 



70 
1,660 
2,690 

15 
605 



30 
60 



15 

485 

385 

5 

125 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MAINE 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



71 



;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 



Fruit- and-nut 



Poultry farms 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of titters. 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. 

number of titters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS II UiVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushols. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushel3 . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5 

50 

3,000 



1 

8 

320 



120 

3,483 

3,655 

48 

1,592 



140 

2,244 

2,132 

24 

455 



55 
361 



38 
178 

44 
183 



48 
524 
31 
10 

7 



58 

725 

30,380 

16 
5,280 



26 
415 

700 



783 
24,639 
33,243 

310 
12,663 



21 
130 
148 



372 
8,069 
8,630 

113 
2,505 



21 

420 

1,500 



98 

633 

51 

32 



73 
259 

68 
374 



986 

8,002 

823 

131 

26 

1 

5 

11 

60 

2,900 



405 

5,296 

202,430 

15 
3,550 

1 

18 

900 



10 
25 
575 



5 
20 
165 



264 

3,967 

7,794 

10 

125 



2,859 

176,654 

262,367 

207 

7,478 



330 

2,250 

4,759 

5 

50 

1,001 

43,226 

53,698 

61 

1,910 



491 
11,277 
58,965 



80 
2,530 
15 
10 
5 
40 

10 

70 

945 

65 

1,585 



40 
185 
40 



16 

115 

3,843 



5 

65 

2,000 

5 
1,870 



11 
330 
582 



201 

10,200 

13,620 

21 

1,075 



30 
145 
210 



66 
1,668 
1,805 



16 

270 

2,500 



15 

144 

13 



7 

36 

2,295 



22 

300 
9,260 

6 
2,500 



22 

495 

1,175 

21 
420 



212 
12,820 
16,940 

168 
11,995 



41 
1,715 
1,630 

31 
1,255 



16 

595 

2,170 



7 
66 



7 
31 

7 
35 



18 
125 
12 

5 

1 



1 

4 

325 



31 

200 

8,108 

13 
4,385 



5 

20 

270 

5 
270 

1 
5 



11 
152 
327 

10 
200 



256 

8,183 
9,478 



22 

58 
82 



160 

4,105 

3,955 

22 

230 



IB 
112 
635 



72 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





Total all farms 


Commercial farms by type of farm 


Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Total 


Cash-grain farms 


Other field-crop 
farms 


Vegetable farms 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 


5,831 

134,119 

19,629,176 

495 

1,256 

18,105 

1,374 
2,260,261 

1,146 

23,845 

15,873,363 

1,630 
11,892 

2,250,908 


3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 

917 
2,072,391 

445 

17,484 

12,799,758 

809 

8,360 

2,180,938 


6 

230 

6,850 


2,457 

130,161 

19,232,349 

20 

285 

1,455 

209 
519,267 

1 

120 

108,239 

66 

115 

11,215 




acres 2 ., 
barrels ... 

acres... 
bushels . . . 


169 
18,640 

20 

15 

220 

157 




1,216,890 

15 


acres.. . 
pounds . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 


acres. . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products , flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 


26 
12,750 







includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Doea not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



MAINE 



73 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 


[tan 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Fruit-and-nut 
farms 


Poultry farms 


Dairy farms 


Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 


General farms 


Miscellaneous 

farms 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Contjnned 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 


79 

6 

592 

10 

25 

22 
6,161 

257 

12,316 

9,797,674 

158 
6,019 

350 


230 

354 

52,676 

6 

12 
61 

110 
70,970 

63 

1,541 

668,945 

137 
619 

10,245 


712 

1,819 

212,508 

96 

245 

2,756 

267 
140,958 

38 

910 

832,055 

304 
1,084 

1,010 


76 

45 

3,175 

15 
10 
140 

26 
2,975 

27 
64 


73 

362 

32,475 

27 

57 

1,008 

56 
57,720 

11 

215 

185,435 

37 
135 

7,900 


160 

100 

7,171 

28 

86 

1,217 

70 
57,450 

75 

2,382 

1,207,410 

65 
298 

2,137,468 


acres 2 ., 
barrels . . . 

acres.. . 
bushels . . . 


acres . . . 
pounds . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 


acres... 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers. 





74 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[ Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



70 to 99 acres 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

FafDlS number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si ze of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre .dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

li) to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) /arms reporting 

acros 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in -over crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

85 to 34 years number 

35 to 4-1 years number 

45 to 54 years number 

55 to €4 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

900 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work. operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

See footnotes at end of table. 



17,3*2 
100.0 

3,077,852 
100.0 
177.5 



14,582 
83.19 



15, 116 

707,155 

2,813 

2,497 

2,004 

2,793 

3,259 

1,359 

372 

15 

4 

7,786 
176,469 

6,108 
213,604 

2,009 

53,495 

4,786 

160,109 

3,820 

172,394 

13,438 

1,521,834 

4,606 

128,388 

1,046 

16,519 

124 
1,549 



486 
7,024 

604 
19,631 

538 
17,829 

328 
12,785 



17,255 
266 
1,784 
3,500 
4,234 
3,919 
3,552 

51.9 



9,555 
2,538 
1,219 
5,798 

3,087 

4,441 

6,315 



790 
4.6 

3,321 
0.1 
4.2 



14,549 
3,533.72 



275 
745 
275 



100 
395 
100 
210 

10 

20 

95 

190 

5 
10 
80 
310 

60 
185 
15 

30 

20 
20 



7,787 
1,671 
3,665 



789 
10 
130 
137 
221 
101 
190 



376 
45 
40 

291 

75 
161 
271 



414 
75 
180 



2,700 
15.6 

75,797 

2.5 

28.1 



9,367 
332.43 



1,980 

20,576 

1,068 

647 

185 

80 



764 
5,812 

806 
9,070 

96 

714 

741 

8,356 

355 

3,470 

1,424 

24,496 

486 

4,447 

55 

290 

25 
80 



30 
90 

5 
190 

11 
63 
10 
125 



2,690 
65 
347 
589 
577 
616 
496 

50.0 



1,847 
196 
140 

1,511 

626 

712 

1,576 



853 
164 
517 



1,616 
9.3 

93,879 
3.1 
58.1 



9,559 
163.96 



1,377 
24,021 
436 
390 
256 
255 
40 



556 
6,364 

468 
7,359 

55 

490 

428 

6,869 

285 

5,705 

1,183 

36,039 

376 

6,260 

36 

270 

10 
70 



55 
180 

5 
15 

10 

60 

5 

5 



1,604 
15 
186 
326 
326 
396 
355 

52.3 



1,056 
210 

101 
745 

351 

476 

885 



560 
111 
325 



2,122 
12.2 

175,580 

5.7 

82.7 



9,774 
117.86 



1,895 
44,550 
405 
425 
425 
480 
160 



865 
12,495 

617 
10,888 

175 
2,340 

492 
8,548 

450 
12,305 
1,677 
74,163 

531 

9,899 

95 

1,000 

10 
210 



55 
1,920 

40 
900 

15 
280 

25 
790 



2,120 
30 
215 
405 
490 
445 
535 

53.0 



1,225 
235 

150 
840 

425 

610 

895 



897 
245 
505 



MAINE 



75 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS oF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on report* for only a sample of farms. See texl | 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres. . 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Average si re of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average por acre dollars. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres., 

I to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

90 to 3 acres farms reporting., 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. , 

acres. , 

Cropland not harvested and nol pastured farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes .farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Oilier cropland (idle mid crop failure) farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Otner pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reportinz.. 

acres. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Land in strip-cropping systems (or 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms rariorling. . 

acres.. 

FARM OPF.R *TORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 years number.. 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 51 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number.. 

Xverage age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK TO OTHF.R INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

Willi otlier members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting. . 

Witii other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources otner than farm operated .. operators reporting.. 
Witil otlier income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



140 to 179 acres 160 to 219 acres 



1,843 
10.6 

289,935 

9.4 

157.3 



12,810 
81.03 



1,727 
73,815 
135 
227 
215 
490 
600 
60 



897 
17,552 

732 
19,507 

270 

6,035 

537 

13,472 

400 

15,115 

1,692 

132,421 

620 

15,995 

135 

1,825 

5 

100 



40 
270 

95 
2,355 

95 
2,550 

60 
2,175 



1,827 
30 
190 
326 
406 
470 
405 

52.8 



990 
345 
160 
485 

350 

445 

565 



853 
212 

402 



Sire of farm-Continued 



1,428 
8.3 

282,665 
9.2 

198.0 



14,933 
75.26 



1,363 
73,784 
65 
125 
140 
352 
520 
161 



746 
16,725 

616 
20,828 

255 

6,150 

446 

14,678 

406 

20,170 

1,281 

122,380 

466 

14,735 

105 

1,070 

10 
25 



75 
890 

60 
1,755 

75 

2,700 

30 

1,430 



1,418 
35 
136 
292 
365 
345 
245 

51.2 



702 
262 
120 
320 

240 

375 

410 



220 to 259 i 



726 
180 
295 



180 | 



875 
5.0 

208,305 
6.8 

238.1 



16,790 
70.66 



840 

53,095 

55 

45 

55 

160 

380 

135 

10 



525 
12,575 

370 
16,290 

135 

3,285 

285 

13,005 

300 
17,415 

760 
92,275 

275 

7,835 

80 

1,595 



20 

150 

40 
1,720 

40 
960 

25 
800 



875 
5 
70 
175 
285 
200 
140 



380 
145 
25 
210 

90 

165 

175 



495 
100 
220 



260 to 499 acres 



2,305 
13.3 

804,054 
26.1 
343.8 



22,394 
64.38 



2,237 
197,413 
55 
141 
195 
246 
764 
699 
137 



1,479 

45,156 

976 

45,775 

472 
14,416 

701 
31,359 

672 

43,425 

2,118 

400,949 

756 

32,226 

271 

5,435 

20 
570 



87 
1,630 

173 
5,647 

126 

3,800 

85 

4,085 



2,288 
35 
208 
505 
671 
473 
396 

51.2 



1,018 
482 
160 
376 

335 

576 
375 



1,287 
236 
453 



500 to 999 acres 



757 
4.4 

478,393 

15.5 

632.0 



35,463 
56.29 



736 

95,304 

30 

25 

51 

75 

154 

230 

169 

2 



477 
30,806 

369 
34,903 

164 

6,652 

272 

26,251 

215 

20,425 

689 

265,031 

270 

14,656 

72 

2,270 

10 

70 



23 

715 

68 

3,303 

79 
4,473 

38 
2,160 



751 
5 
45 
165 
199 
197 
140 



317 

126 

66 

125 

81 

175 

126 



440 

77 

148 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



157 
0.9 

199,675 
6.5 

1,271.8 



52,642 
41.72 



152 

27,368 

4 

5 

6 

15 

29 

42 

41 

9 

1 

92 

6,464 

84 

11,401 

38 
3,053 

64 
8,348 

49 

9,806 

151 

130,273 

53 

6,862 

17 

609 

6 
144 



18 
1,102 

14 

738 

8 

260 



156 
1 
5 
27 
35 
52 
36 



2,000 acre8 and over 



106 
17 
49 



48 

0.3 

156,946 

5.1 

3,269.7 



76,876 
23.10 



47 
13,004 

"i 

1 
4 
7 
11 
15 
4 
3 

24 

2,565 

26 

15,235 

9 

2,210 

21 

13,025 

13 

4,718 

47 

110,504 

8 

2,588 

5 

205 

2 

130 



7 
270 

5 
409 

3 

655 

2 

no 



7 

6 
12 

13 
9 



17 
5 
2 

10 



31 

3 

19 



76 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data ire based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



'For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 
farms 



70 to 99 acres 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Snare-cash tenants number. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number . 

Tobacco farms number. 

Cotton farms number. 

OUier field-crop farms number. 

Vegetable farms number. 

Fruit-and-nut farms number . 

Poultry farms number. 

Dairy farms numoer. 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number. 

General farms number. 

Miscellaneous farms number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting. 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting. 

4 tractors farms reporting . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Automobiles farms reoorting. 

number. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reoorting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting . 

Farms by kind ol road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

lmile farms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reoorting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13,759 

3,071 

353 

160 

6 

20 

5 

162 

13,754 

3,066 

353 

5 
5 



2,457 
157 
403 
2,243 
3,257 
338 
259 
650 



1,063 

1,077 

48 

48 

3,089 

3,137 

805 

837 

11, 617 

17,314 

12,217 

20,467 

11,081 

17,793 

6,603 

3,018 

1,020 

289 

151 

10,766 

16,289 

1,348 

1,504 

2,548 

2,674 

14,355 

17,205 

16,231 

14,251 

9,132 

4,307 

4,315 

273 

3,528 

12,064 

2,736 

2,350 

1,225 

1,125 

656 

367 

41 

61 



3,318 
9,017 
2,337 
4,064 

1,528 

447 

265 

69 

28 



16,153 
738 
451 



684 
35 

41 
20 

5 



684 
35 
41 



314 
20 
141 



349 
457 
281 
316 
156 
156 
156 



146 
146 
10 
10 
155 
160 

664 
765 
735 
713 
297 
5 
5 



693 
65 
25 

15 

10 
5 
5 



127 
378 
102 
228 

55 
6 

35 
6 



685 
80 
25 



2,343 
240 
105 

70 

5 

30 

2,343 
240 
105 



70 
15 
15 
544 
30 
40 
25 
40 



51 

51 

5 

5 

1,341 

1,563 

1,369 

1,737 

1,014 

1,155 

908 

86 

15 

5 

979 
1,050 
90 
105 
562 
582 

2,193 

2,562 

2,453 

2,113 

1,317 

135 

120 

10 

161 



2,003 
296 
371 
186 
185 
105 
65 

15 



200 
373 
130 
218 

87 

20 

17 

6 



2,514 
95 
91 



1,400 
150 

55 

15 

15 

25 

1,400 

150 

55 



90 
20 
45 

250 
105 
40 
15 
16 



45 
45 

5 

5 

771 

915 

988 

1,255 

792 

892 

707 

70 

15 



761 
846 
46 
46 
337 
363 

1,314 

1,493 

1,486 

1,229 

808 

160 

180 

5 

111 



1,072 

260 

260 

155 

105 

70 

30 

5 



113 

246 

58 

77 

50 
5 
2 



1,536 
35 
45 



1,797 

260 

45 

10 



1,797 
260 
45 



200 
35 
25 
327 
230 
20 
45 
45 



140 

140 

25 

25 

1,192 

1,489 

1,390 

1,955 

1,175 

1,545 

925 

205 

30 

5 

10 

1,155 

1,490 

50 

55 

395 

410 

1,680 

1,935 

1,907 

1,640 

955 

330 

335 

10 

210 

1,555 
295 
265 
140 
125 
90 
35 



195 
365 
95 

130 



2,017 
60 
45 



MAINE 



77 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Size of farm— Continued 



HO to 178 acres 



ISO to 219 acres 



260 to 199 acres 



500 to 999 acres 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



2,000 acres and over 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners ..number. 

All tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants. number. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livej»*i-Ji'Sh«iw tenants number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number. . 

Non white farm operators: 

Full owners number. , 

Part owners number., 

All tenants number., 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain 'arms number. , 

Tobacco farms number . , 

Cotton farms number. . 

Other field-crop farms number . , 

Vegetable farms number . , 

Fruit- and- nut farms number. . 

Poultry farms number.. 

Dairy farms number. , 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number.. 

General farms number . , 

Miscellaneous farms number. , 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT VST) FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting 

numoer 
Com nickers farms renmting 

number 
Pick-up balers farms renorting 

number 
Field forage harvesters farms reonnm« 

number 
Motortrucks fami- repnrtinc 

number 

Tractors .fnm- rccortine 

numtier 

Tractors other than Harden far- - report in? 

numher 

1 traitor farms reporting 

■2 tractor?: _ 'arms renortinc 

T tractors , farms repuninp 

I tractors , . . farms rrportin" 

5 or more tractors fam- renin in? 

'Vheel tractors , farm- report! nL* 

number 

Crawler tractors fam:- report! ru? 

number 

Garden tractor- . . .'arms remrtinc 

number 



Vutomohiles 



far 



\utomoliiles and 'or ii*otortruct s far*-- 

Tel ephone , fair's 

Home freezer . . . .farm- 

Milkinp machine farms 

F.lectric milk cooler ... .far**. 

Cron drier (for grain, forage, or other enms) .far" - 

Power- oneraled elevator, con*c\or, or blower faif- 

Farms by kind ol road on which located 

!larH surface ram < 

Gravel, shell, or shale fan-- 

Dirt or unimnrovod , .fan-- 

Less than 1 mile to a hard -urf.icc road Taris 

1 or more e-iles io a hard surface mad fam- 

1 mile i"arm= 

2 or 1 miles. farm? 

4 miles rams 

5 or more miles farms 

F\RM LVBOR, WEEK PRFCFTHNG FAUMER \TIO\ 
Hired workers .farms 



Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) , . . 
ilier of regular hired I'orkers: 



Farms reporting b 

1 hired worker . 

2 hired workers 

Sor 4 hired workers . . . . 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired worker- 



RES1DENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators 

Not residing on farm operated ... operators 

Operators not renortin? residence 



rer«Tlin" 

nu'it>er 

reeortin/ 

renoru:u? 

roT-irtTn:! 
rmoninr 

Ofvmrv 



rcnnrtine, 
re renin?, 
rerxin i n« , 
report inp 
report l^l', 
renortm". 



reporting 
persons 

renortin!! 
oersons 



reporting 
re-eortin? 
renortinc 
reportms 



reporting, 
reporting. 
. .number. 



1,423 
365 
45 
15 



1,423 
365 

45 



405 
10 
35 
193 
380 
30 
45 
50 



130 

130 

10 

10 

396 

396 

40 

40 

1,358 

1,951 

1,402 

2,193 

1,331 

1,931 

851 

375 

90 

15 

1,276 
1,781 
140 
150 
247 
262 

1,507 

1,794 

1,718 

1,537 

1,062 

540 

515 

15 

331 

1,227 
340 
250 
140 
110 
80 
25 
5 



306 
790 
196 
248 

160 
25 

11 



1,718 
50 
75 



997 
421 

5 



997 

421 

5 



305 
10 
36 
122 
435 
20 
25 
50 



150 
150 



366 
381 
100 
105 
1,153 
1,689 

1,188 

2,028 

1,168 

1,895 

616 

412 

115 

20 

5 

1,163 

1,744 

126 

151 

131 

133 

1,188 

1,450 

1,383 

1,183 

723 

550 

560 

45 

423 

998 
225 

185 j 
95 ! 
90 I 

20 I 
45 

10 j 
15 



371 
693 
251 
312 

210 
21 
20 



1,318 
75 
35 



630 

230 

5 



630 

230 

5 



215 
10 
40 
85 

270 
35 
15 
30 



80 

80 

5 

5 

260 

260 

50 

50 

755 

1,150 

725 

1,390 

700 

1,265 

290 

300 

90 

5 

15 

690 

1,190 

65 

75 

120 

125 

750 
925 
850 
755 
520 
360 
390 
30 
290 

575 
120 
170 
70 
100 
55 
35 



250 

1,050 

165 

190 



150 

5 

10 



825 
30 
20 



1,524 
739 

16 
10 

1 



1,524 
739 
16 



472 
11 
66 

120 

1,000 

50 

50 

100 



365 
365 

10 

10 

998 

1,003 

350 

355 

2,039 

3,581 

2,034 

4,248 

1,994 

4,033 

622 

872 

359 

128 

13 

1,949 

3,687 

329 

346 

200 

215 

1,987 
2,474 
2,244 
2,018 
1,499 
1,207 
1,152 
85 
997 



1,465 
467 
350 
160 
190 
95 
65 
20 
10 



859 
2,399 

664 
1,108 

419 

152 

71 

21 

1 



2,103 
161 
41 



494 
245 



494 
245 



169 
10 
33 
28 

291 
15 
15 
75 



142 

142 

10 

10 

373 

393 

143 

149 

657 

1,521 

684 

1,891 

673 

1,761 

136 

229 

164 

73 

71 

653 

1,489 

235 

272 

124 

130 

650 
915 
747 
703 
493 
372 
367 
42 
418 

520 
140 

71 
51 
20 
10 
10 



444 

1,410 

367 

875 

131 
137 
69 
19 



700 
42 
15 



41 

43 

3 

3 

76 

83 

32 

41 

142 

405 

138 
465 
136 
429 
26 
36 
26 
23 
25 
127 
358 
61 
71 
30 
36 

137 

204 

154 

142 

104 

59 

57 

11 

89 

121 

22 

13 

7 

6 

5 
1 



95 
408 

83 
252 

30 

25 

13 

9 

6 



135 
18 
4 



22 

20 



22 

20 



1 

11 

1 

1 



14 
16 



24 

25 
10 
12 
45 
169 

45 
175 

44 
165 

10 
7 

10 
5 

12 

39 
129 

24 

36 
9 

10 

40 
66 
48 
44 
37 
14 
14 
5 
20 

41 
1 
4 
1 
3 
1 
1 



29 

201 

23 

98 

5 
5 
7 
3 
3 



36 

7 
5 



S«" footnote at end of lAble. 



78 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lextj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tola] 

all 

farms 



Under 10 acres 



10 to 49 acres 



Ml lo i 9 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used. , 



Dry materials . .. 
Liquid materials. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials ... 
Liquid materials . 



Otfier pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



Dry materials .. . 
Liquid materials. 



Oat B 

Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials . 

Irish potatoes . 
Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials . 



All other crops 

Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials. 



'arms reporting. . 

tons., 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 



arms reporting... 
acres . . . 
arms reporting... 
tons . . . 
i reporting. . . 
tons . . . 

arms reporting... 

acres.. . 

arms reporting. . . 

tons... 
arms reporting. . . 

tons... 

: reporti ng . . . 
acres... 
arms reporting.. . 
tons.. . 
arms reporting. . . 
tons.. . 

arms reporting.. . 

arms reporting. . . 

tons . . . 
arms reporting. . . 

tons.. . 

arms reporting 

acres. .. 
arms reporting... 

tons... 
arms reporting... 

Ions.. . 

arms reporting... 
acres . . . 
arms reporti ng . . . 

tons... 
arms reporting. .. 

tons... 



Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. 

acres limed, 
tons. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under $100 

$100 to $999 

51,000 to $1,999 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under $1,000 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$200 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Hired labor 

Under $200 

$200 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$30,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



arms reporting. 
arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
farms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
i reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
I reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

reporting, 
dollars. 
arms reporting. 
'arms reporting. 
farms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 



7,419 

266,000 

152,116 

7,349 

151,486 

160 

630 

3,456 

76,968 

3,435 

20,149 

26 

57 

660 

6,978 

650 

1,992 

10 

24 

943 

7,802 

938 

2,749 

5 

3 

1,046 

20,199 

983 

3,335 

78 

105 

2,938 

132,276 

2,927 

116,114 

27 

417 

1,743 

21,777 

1,723 

7,147 

40 

24 

4,589 
81,616 
68,554 



16,982 
13,493 
50,730,406 
2,289 
5,466 
1,429 
1,967 
2,342 

6,759 
10,905,203 

4,651 
834 
595 
470 
209 

5,407 

1,133,397 

3,781 

1,502 

124 

8,484 

21,735,346 

2,054 

1,322 

941 

1,686 

1,346 

638 

351 

130 

16 

5,864 

2,317,778 

3,533 

1,319 

460 

552 

15,105 
5,584,485 
5,623 
6,069 
2,078 
1,284 
51 



120 

190 

72 

120 

71 

5 

1 

•20 
50 
20 
10 



105 
130 

105 
51 

5 
1 

25 
85 

100 



765 

524 

5,129,175 

25 

165 
35 
60 

239 

424 
1,257,900 

220 
55 
60 
56 
33 

101 

21,090 

91 

5 

5 

335 
1,073,000 

105 
56 
35 
30 
31 
41 
31 



216 
246,240 

100 
35 
25 
56 

680 

237,220 

290 

296 

42 

47 

5 



596 
3,760 
2,045 

596 
2,045 



221 

1,095 

221 

336 



40 
160 
40 
34 



120 
1,320 

120 
1,230 



295 

1,115 

295 

431 



251 
1,515 
1,313 



2,580 
2,065 
7,649,670 
511 
915 
125 
130 
384 

1,159 
1,711,070 
805 
145 
91 
96 
22 

578 
82,982 

505 
57 
16 

729 
709,500 

365 
95 
80 

111 
43 
22 
13 



655 

73,080 

560 

60 

15 
20 

2,025 

324,007 

1,242 

649 

77 

57 



425 
4,530 
2,747 

425 

2,739 

10 



150 

1,420 

150 

313 



30 

225 
30 
113 



35 

145 

30 

56 

5 
3 
10 
40 
10 
10 



130 
2,095 

130 
1,915 



155 
605 
150 
332 
5 
5 

160 
1,430 
1,145 



1,566 

1,265 

4,027,665 

315 

615 

60 

100 

175 

640 
1,266,380 

430 
55 
50 
61 
44 

371 

40,905 

300 

70 

1 

496 

427,005 

200 

96 

75 
75 
36 
11 
3 



405 
38,220 

305 
70 
30 



1,306 

205,860 

785 

438 

60 

23 



655 

11,580 

7,509 

650 

7,499 

15 
10 

250 
3,605 

250 
1,215 



50 

390 

50 

84 



40 
160 
40 
73 



35 
405 
30 
61 
5 
2 

235 
5,820 

235 
5,616 



190 

1,200 

185 

450 

10 

8 

320 
3,465 
2,740 



2,057 
1,687 
6,166,225 
315 
845 
135 
130 
262 

817 

1,244,080 

545 

120 

80 

52 

20 

600 

91,020 

435 

165 

807 

822,790 

300 

165 

110 

120 

85 

22 

5 



630 
58,815 

515 
95 
10 
10 

1,752 
322,685 
940 
615 
155 
42 



MAINE 



79 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Date are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lexlj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used. . 
tons.. 

t>y materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Corn .farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Ions.. 

Oats. farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

f>y materials farms reporting. . 

(one.. 

Liquid materials .farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms renorting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

r>ry materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons.. 



Size of .farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms 

Feed for livestock and poultr> farms 

Under MOO farms 

$100 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 or more farms 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms 

Under $1,000 farms 

$1,000 to $2, 499 farms 

$9,500 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$10,000 or more 'arm.* 

Machine hire farms 

Under $200 farm. 

$300 to $999 farms 

$1,000 or more farms 



Hired labor 



.furr-'- 



DmkrSSOO farm! 

'199 farms 

$500 to $999 farms 

51,000 to $2, 199 rarms 

S2.500 to $1,999 fam 

$5,000 to $9,999 I arm 

$10,000 to $19,999 fan s 

$20,000 to $49,999 , fauns 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $499 form! 

$500 to $899 farm- 
Si, 000 or more , f im - 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and nil for the farm business 



.farms 



Under$100 F.m 

$100 to $199 . . .farm, 

S500to$999 farm- 

$1,000 to $4,999 rarms 

$5,000 or more farm 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. . 
reporting. . 
dollars., 
reporting.. 
reporting. ■ 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 

reporting. . 
dollars. . 

r.'i.irfiri.. 
reporting., 
repoftifl | 
reporting., 
reporting. . 

tepoftinje. . 

dollar-.. 

reporting. . 
reporting. . 

reporting. . 

reporting. . 

re 

reporting - 
reporting.. 
reporting, . 
reporting. . 
reporlinu. . 
reporting. . 

reporting;, . 
dollars . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting, . 
retaining. . 

reporting. . 
dollars. . 
reporting. . 
reporting, . 
report! ng . . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 



981 

26,462 

17,9-17 

966 

17,923 

15 

24 

416 

5,055 

411 

1,756 

5 

15 

75 
465 

70 

89 

5 

4 

75 
320 

75 
107 



165 

1,945 

160 

406 

5 

5 

480 
17,255 

480 
15,070 



161 

1,422 

161 

495 



610 
7,915 
6,185 



1,823 
1,428 
4,040,530 
220 
635 
200 
195 
178 

703 

891,672 

555 

50 

51 
30 
17 

691 

119,370 

495 

181 

15 

1,058 
1,556,420 
270 
200 
125 
211 
205 
4" 



690 

216,085 

355 

190 

75 

70 

1,618 
555,910 
515 
695 
296 
107 
5 



160 to 219 acres 



795 

27,490 

16,923 

795 

16,884 

20 

39 

370 
6,955 

370 
1,845 

5 
30 

95 
760 

95 
245 



130 
940 
130 
323 



160 
2,640 
155 
397 
10 
4 

350 

14,800 

350 

13,584 

5 

5 

95 

1,395 

95 

490 



556 
8,685 
7,335 



220 to 259 acres 



1,408 
1,107 
2,943,105 
185 
375 
170 
210 
167 

537 

657,005 

345 

111 

55 

21 

5 

535 
126,135 
330 
185 
20 

903 
1,786,345 
210 
135 
120 
165 
160 
86 
22 
5 

610 
244,495 
310 
175 
45 
80 

1,333 
492, 385 
360 
630 
241 
101 
1 



545 

22,375 

12,823 

545 

12,808 

15 

15 

260 
7,605 

260 
1,826 



35 

890 

35 

199 



110 
690 
110 
271 



55 

1,200 

50 

164 

10 

8 

260 
9,400 

260 
9,340 

5 
5 

90 

2,590 

90 

1,008 

5 

2 

365 
5,860 
5,490 



875 
705 
2,648,695 
105 
230 
80 
175 
115 

315 

538,755 

230 

30 

10 

40 

5 

325 

76,985 

160 

160 

5 

575 

1,429,915 
55 
80 
75 
185 
105 
45 
30 



395 
115,340 
240 
80 
35 
40 

330 
393,490 
170 
385 
185 
90 



1,540 

75,458 

40,818 

1,505 

40,386 

35 

432 

912 

23,445 

902 

5,955 

10 

9 

180 

1,840 

175 

609 

5 
20 

325 

2,770 

325 

938 



308 

6,370 

283 

1,198 

25 

35 

573 
34,970 

563 

30,143 

10 

365 

312 
6,063 

307 
1,543 

5 
3 

1,215 
24,643 
22 , 301 



2,290 
1,884 
6,793,435 
220 
488 
285 
525 
366 

851 
1,388,765 
545 
146 
87 
51 
22 

861 
193,089 
535 
303 
23 

1,594 
5,570,089 
225 
205 
146 
381 
302 
185 
103 
46 
1 

981 

541,512 

517 

256 

110 
98 

2,209 
1,362,275 
325 
925 
522 
426 
11 



500 to 999 acres 



502 

47,683 

23,217 

502 

23,180 

16 

37 

324 

15,825 

324 

3,358 



40 

1,005 

40 

298 



101 

1,887 

101 

629 



158 
5,210 
147 
748 
16 
37 

182 
21,110 

182 
17,234 



76 

2,646 

76 

913 



347 
14,162 
11,704 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



752 

589 

3,826,123 

35 
172 

65 
147 
170 

293 
642,241 

168 
58 
41 
15 
11 

282 

192,440 

160 

102 
20 

576 
4,369,246 
55 
30 
25 
80 
140 
93 
95 
52 
6 

361 

395,235 

105 

131 

37 



732 
834,308 

85 
233 
167 
228 

19 



107 

12,218 

5,989 

107 

5,941 

4 

48 

66 
4,468 

65 
1,127 

1 
1 

10 
216 

10 
50 



16 
272 

16 
125 



23 
653 

21 

109 

2 

13 

40 
5,335 

39 

4,286 

2 

34 

30 

1,274 

30 

244 



81 
4,088 
3,430 



2,000 acres and o 



157 
123 
1,563,961 
7 
37 
13 
15 
51 

68 
236,975 
32 
11 
14 
4 
7 

66 
34,016 
19 
37 
10 

133 

1,192,411 

8 



24 
25 
23 
23 
9 
4 

73 
118,803 
23 
23 
6 
21 

152 
189,890 
14 
47 
24 
61 



32 
6,239 
4,019 

32 
4,019 



22 

1,405 
22 

425 



5 

172 

5 

62 



6 

238 

6 

99 



7 

206 

7 

37 



13 
3,196 

13 
3,199 



1,022 

8 

197 



23 
1,458 
1,226 



48 

31 

147,667 

1 

14 
1 
5 

10 

12 
36,380 
6 
2 
1 
2 
1 

17 

10,685 

6 

7 

4 

42 
689,225 

1 
1 
1 
8 
8 
6 
6 
7 
4 

22 

63,525 

3 

4 

2 

13 

47 
89,316 

1 

9 

9 

24 

4 



80 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



50 to 69 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 

All crops sold .dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 

Vegetables sold dollars 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 

Dairy products sold dollars 

Livestock and livestock products, 
oilier than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 



LIVESTOCK ANE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved 

Milk cows 

Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves 



arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 
'arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

M0 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 1° head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head .farm9 reporting. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Born since June 1 . ._ farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

number . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . 

number. 

Sheep lyearoldandover farms report! ng . 

number, 

Ewe9 farms reporting. 

number . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting, 

number. 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number . 

t dollars. 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

pounds 

dollars , 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



171,692,584 
9,900 
72,189,843 
55,424,440 
2,260,261 
6,046,662 
8,458,480 
99,502,741 
60,593,045 
31,856,182 

7,053,514 



10,719 
199,045 

9,732 
105,213 

9,155 
96,652 

8,701 
76,779 

6,177 
17,053 



947 
2,970 
1,913 
1,506 
2,404 
802 
177 



2,645 

3,562 

1,495 

1,088 

727 

141 

41 

33 



2,686 

3,199 

1,333 

1,056 

685 

135 

35 

26 

4,088 
8,746 
4,079 

27,047 
1,707 

14,162 
2,950 

12,885 

1,573 
39,472 

1,132 
12,793 

1,412 
26,679 

1,347 
24,673 
909 II 

2,006 J 

6,035 1 
4,593,286 I 



7,741 

82,972 

5,674,030 

858 

24,130 

820,420 

913 

19,151 

248,963 

4,858 

641,586,842 

31,856,182 

3,649 

36,089,139 

3,252 

49,807,344 

24,405,599 



9,214,506 

11,664 

1,510,143 

6,739 

20,850 

30,921 

1,451,633 

7,704,363 

7,552,751 

17,110 

134,502 



115 
530 
100 
180 

95 
175 

95 
210 

65 
140 



30 
85 
95 

2,695 

45 

910 

90 

1,785 

30 
430 

15 
120 

30 
310 

25 
280 

25 

30 



80 

430 

32,485 

55 

2,610 | 

88,740 i 

30 

490! 

6,370, 

30 

272,130 

17,110 

374 

5,014,403! 

237 

5,106,170 

2,502,023, 



12,982,993 

4,809 

1,450,570 

730,472 

127,505 

151,346 

441,247 

11,532,423 

10,800,264 

203,090 

529,069 



1,234 
6,564 

974 
2,985 

868 
1,739 

817 
2,327 

636 
1,252 



205 
719 
210 
85 
10 



583 

361 

20 

5 



537 

311 

15 

5 



425 
940 
513 

3,172 
220 

1,950 
378 

1,222 

257 
2,346 

171 
756 
217 

1,590 
207 

1,365 | 

115 

225 I 

984 ! 

908,055 | 

660 

3,685 

413,530 | 

85 

2,035 i 

69,190 : 

105 ; 

1,000 
13,000! 
230. 
3,965,556 ' 
203,090 
749 
5,969,418 
624 
9,854,695 
4,828,801 



8,685,531 

5,375 

1,439,463 

997,537 
88,410 

225,573 

127,943 
7,246,068 
6,339,486 

701,890 

204,692 



935 
7,100 

815 
3,205 

770 
2,880 

670 
3,000 

465 

895 



115 
445 
180 
110 
80 



410 
310 
70 
20 



400 

285 

60 

20 



336 
606 
370 
1,165 
140 
630 
255 
535 

146 
2,146 ' 
95 j 
580 
126 
1,566 I 
llll 
1,421 
85 
145 
528 
399,571 



530; 
2,440 
164,785 
35 
420 | 
14,280 : 
55 
1,080 
14 ,040 
220 
13,135,409 I 
701,890| 
355 1 
4,602,075 
278 
3,544,450 
1,736,781 



13,045,659 

6,148 

3,254,243 

2,594,011 

255,520 

136,368 

268,344 

9,791,416 

8,059,045 

1,309,700 

422,671 



1,275 
10,645 
1,135 
5,445 
1,075 
5,220 

985 
3,870 

620 
1,330 



130 
460 
330 
210 
145 



370 

590 

115 

55 

5 



355 

555 

105 

55 

5 



505 
1,060 

515 
2,675 

230 
1,430 

350 
1,245 

210 
5,630 

145 
2,125 

185 
3,505 

180 
3,190 

120 

315 i 

742 
522,650 



800 

4,485 

305,095 

80 

1,635 

55,590 

120 

2,480 

32,240 

465 

25,399,895 

1,309,700 

442 

5,148,167 

357 

5,906,558 

2,894,213 



19,465,608 

7,244 

8,895,591 

6,975,879 

281,235 

802,097 

836,380 

10,570,017 

6,967,822 

2,683,695 

918,500 



1,775 
21,210 

1,610 
10,885 

1,525 
10,015 

1,425 

7,915 
975 

2,410 



170 
425 
480 
320 
360 
20 



355 
810 
310 
125 

10 



370 
750 
275 
120 
10 



697 
1,589 

670 
6,475 

280 
3,165 

485 
3,310 

210 

2,585 

160 

690 

195 

1,895 

185 

1,735 

120 

160 

998 

520,755 



1,320 

9,350 

587,960 

175 

8,265 

281,010 

120 

1,015 

13,195 

785 

53,690,526 

2,683,695 

505 

4,068,379 

522 

5,916,710 

2,899,188 



MAINE 



81 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

DaUi ire baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other Irian vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars . , 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. , 

number. . 
Cov/b, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. , 

number. , 
Milk cowb farms reporting. , 

number. , 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. , 

number. . 
SU>ers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

numb r. . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

SO to 49 head farms reporting. . 

SO to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting, . 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head Jams reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

SO to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

lot) or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reoorung . . 

30 to 49 head farms roporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting,. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Ewes farms reporting. , 

number. . 

Rams and wethers farms reponinE . . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

number.. 

dollars . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars. . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number. . 

i dollars.. 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. . 

pounds . 

dollars.. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 

dollars.. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



Size of farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



15,838,976 

8,594 

7,913,507 

6,898,019 

176,120 

342,691 

496,677 

7,925,469 

4,673,572 

2,623,100 

628,797 



1,241 
19,236 
1,151 
9,906 
1,036 
8,801 
1,021 
7,379 
706 
1,951 



110 
280 
191 
245 
370 
45 



311 
405 
245 
150 
40 



306 
340 
220 
135 
35 



516 
1,016 

460 
2,130 

215 
1,095 

310 
1,035 

146 
4,724 

101 
1,245 

131 
3,479 

126 

3,203 

91 

276 

691 
304,135 



930 

7,195 

503,655 

95 

1,940 

65,960 

86 

2,668 

34,684 

585 

54,534,304 

2,623,100 

358 

3,175,765 

356 

3,014,350 

1,477,032 



13,861,693 

9,707 

6,823,227 

5,889,223 

103,540 

426,289 

404,175 

7,038,466 

2,718,825 

3,684,550 

635,091 



1,026 

21,736 

951 

11,760 

906 

11,168 

886 

8,317 

626 

1,659 



70 
190 
145 
145 
391 

85 



175 
301 
200 
195 
75 
5 



200 
236 
200 
195 
70 
5 



380 
705 
401 
1,721 
171 
776 
285 
945 

145 
4,750 

110 
2,025 

135 
2,725 

130 

2,575 

75 

150 

412 
214,415 



791 

8,446 

521,715 

105 

1,745 

59,330 

100 

2,550 

33,150 

555 

73,895,936 

3,684,550 

197 

1,698,631 

187 

2,081,620 

1,019,994 



220 to 259 acres 



11,087,558 

12,671 

5,322,829 

4,026,177 

377,715 

515,663 

403,274 

5,764,729 

2,583,498 

2,756,420 

424, 811 



660 
15,915 

630 
8,705 

600 
8,180 

580 
5,825 

445 
1,385 



20 

95 
125 

90 
255 

70 
5 



80 
215 
140 
125 
60 
10 



100 
185 
125 
125 
55 
10 



240 
465 
220 
560 
100 
250 
150 
310 

70 
1,335 

45 
370 

60 
965 

55 
905 

45 

60 

295 

114,610 



515 

6,035 

397,800 

15 

160 

5,440 

40 

800 

10,400 

360 

54,334,050 

2,756,420 

165 

2,157,190 

140 

862,365 

422,558 



36,650,681 
15,901 

18,546,207 

14,804,101 

464,920 

1,584,307 

1,692,879 

18,104,474 
5,052,656 

11,345,553 

1,706,265 



1,755 
59,144 

1,679 
32,793 

1,639 
31,353 

1,604 
23,441 

1,119 

2,910 



226 
181 

211 
622 
385 
50 



206 

406 

290 

341 

366 

55 

10 

5 



241 
381 
260 
331 
356 
55 
10 
5 

662 
1,608 
548 
1,448 
178 
499 
412 
949 

206 
4,796 

155 
1,450 

186 
3,346 

181 
3,131 

105 

215 

817 
483,060 



1,500 

25,556 

1,600,916 

112 

735 

24,990 

140 

2,235 

29,055 

1,184 

226,556,768 

11, 345, 553 

361 

2,677,862 

396 

4,844,845 

2,373,974 



500 to 999 acres 



22,159,297 
29,273 

11,652,117 
8,939,309 
228,995 
1,253,184 
1,230,629 

10,507,180 
4,240,494 
5,158,995 

1,107,691 



574 
28,318 

564 
14,969 

530 
13,656 

502 
11,255 

416 
2,094 



31 
52 
40 
62 

149 

162 

78 



82 
99 
92 
66 
143 
41 
25 
16 



65 

65 
133 
40 
20 
16 

223 

445 
229 

4,256 
99 

3,030 
190 

1,226 

110 

6,896 

99 

1,995 

105 

4,901 

105 

4,577 

94 

324 

238 

432,115 



516 

12,197 

854,544 

83 

4,031 

137,054 

87 

3,196 

41,548 

375 

109,688,497 

5,158,995 

104 

1,004,105 

118 

6,604,203 

3,236,059 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



6,213,383 

39,576 

3,321,528 

2,240,060 

85,888 

282,944 

712,636 

2,891,855 

1,555,941 

1,067,983 

267,931 



105 

6,565 

101 

3,394 

92 

2,759 

93 

2,456 

85 

715 



17 

25 

6 

3 
15 

18 
4 

4 

58 
156 

48 
625 

24 
372 

38 
253 

34 
2,779 

27 
963 

34 
1,816 

34 
1,726 

29 

90 

52 
163,337 



89 

2,616 

232,690 

16 

344 

11,696 

26 

1,248 

16,224 

54 

20,353,686 

1,067,983 

33 

567,686 

30 

1,983,148 

971,743 



2,000 acres and over 



2,486,699 

51,806 

2,060,418 

1,322,913 

49,563 

295,279 

392,663 

426,281 

48,691 

304,096 

73,494 



24 
2,082 

22 
986 

19 
706 

23 
784 

19 
312 



2 
3 
2 
2 
6 
2 
1 
1 

16 
71 
10 
125 
5 
55 
7 
70 

9 

1,055 

9 

474 

8 

581 

8 

565 

5 

16 

11 

11,883 



10 

537 

58,855 

2 

210 

7,140 

4 

389 

5,057 

15 

5,760,085 

304,096 

6 

5,458 

7 

88,230 

43,233 



82 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a .sample of farms. See tex! 



[For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



lfl) to 139 acres 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODIJCTS-Continued 
Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, lo November 30, 1959 . . .farms reporting. . 

number of litters. . 

1 or 2 litters farms renorting., 

.1 to 9 litters farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting.. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. . 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. . 

70 or more litters farms reporting. , 

June 2 to November .30 farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

December ltojunel farms reporti ng . . 

number of litters.. 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms 



Under 11 acres . .. 
1 1 to 24 acres .... 
25 to 49 acres .... 
50 to 74 acres .... 
75 to 99 acres .... 
100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain . . . 



reporting, 
acres, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting., 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
acres.. 

bushels., 
reporting. 

bushels. . 



Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting , . 

bushel;, . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Hay crops : 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tans. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales fanns reporting . . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
tons , green weight . . . 



675 

5,228 

338 

209 

41 

76 

1 

10 

481 

2,148 

503 

3,080 



1,258 

9,554 

1,057 

158 

37 

1 

5 

80 

313 

12,230 

5 

175 

28 

243 

6,580 

18 
5,314 

2,524 

50,051 
2,398,937 

1,446 
1,556,645 

48 

306 

9,865 

6 

1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 

3,205 

117 

552 

7,385 

50 
3,005 



462 

6,483 

12,193 

72 
1,180 



9,455 
339,590 
455,011 

2,576 

65,321 



641 
3,794 
6,904 

25 
545 

3,994 

100,561 
104,196 

1,118 
17,200 



602 
13,583 
71,252 



45 
380 

5 
25 

5 
10 



40 
200 
45 

180 



85 
670 
35 
35 



65 
290 

60 
380 



5 

15 

300 

5 
300 

55 

270 

10,540 

25 
7,125 



50 
175 
270 

5 
50 



40 
165 
185 

5 
70 



5 

30 

215 



16,188 



15 
85 

165 



953 
9,619 
10,295 

421 
3,533 



40 
110 
150 

5 
30 

621 
6,374 
5,621 

320 
2,955 



30 
200 

15 
5 
5 
5 



25 
90 
20 

110 



60 

180 

60 



15 

35 

675 

5 

175 



55 

505 
26,550 

45 
19,310 



19,180 



70 

405 

35 

25 



65 

155 

45 

250 



75 
225 
75 



10 
10 
350 



155 

1,495 

65,855 

100 
49,910 



5 

15 
160 



33,275 



40 


35 


325 


335 


540 


380 


5 


5 


50 


150 


750 


985 


11,580 


19,620 


12,740 


24,295 


305 


290 


4,445 


5,240 


35 


55 


75 


430 


195 


605 




5 




325 


420 


620 


6,820 


12,675 


6,165 


11,610 


140 


205 


1,750 


3,205 


20 


15 


380 


215 


1,050 


750 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MAINE 



83 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Dato are baaed on reports for only a sample of funis. See text] 



[ten 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Sire of farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



180 to 219 acres 



220 to 259 acres 280 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres and over 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continiied 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959 . . - .farms reporting. 

number of litters . 

1 or 2 Utters farms reporting. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting . 

10 to 1ft litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters .farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 30 farms report! ng . 

number of litters. 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reoortjng. 

acres. 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Barley harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Rye harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres, 
tans. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres . 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting . 

tans. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres . 
tans. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tans. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres . 
tans. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting.. 

acres . , 
tons , green weight . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



70 

330 

50 

10 

5 

5 



45 
165 

45 
165 



110 

560 

105 

5 



15 

85 

1,875 



390 

6,010 

315,345 

230 
207,825 

5 

15 
300 



5 

50 

425 

5 

425 

5 

5 

125 



45,840 



35 
355 
655 

5 
75 



1,181 
34,700 
45,465 

301 
5,825 



70 
440 
660 



360 

9,800 

10,725 

100 
1,920 



55 
545 

2,215 



80 
395 
35 
30 
10 
5 



50 
120 

65 
275 



185 

1,140 

165 

20 



20 

80 

3,950 



5 

35 

1,400 

5 

1,330 

335 

6,005 
242,055 

205 
154,220 

15 
135 

5,150 



20 

110 

2,845 

10 
2,L40 

15 
65 
715 

10 
230 



47,080 



50 

550 

1,045 

10 
220 



971 
35,910 
49,060 

210 
5,370 



60 
295 
490 



315 
8,655 
8,905 

55 
755 



70 
1,670 
6,975 



115 

680 

110 

5 



200 

3,975 

163,500 

100 
90,170 



20 
90 

1,290 

10 
580 



40 
475 
830 



610 
27,280 
38,495 

110 
3,890 



50 
155 
640 



185 
5,360 
6,030 

15 
190 



30 

560 

4,575 



47 
135 
21 
26 



427 

3,687 

331 

80 

16 



5 

5 
100 



5 
15 
610 



595 

14,680 
719,370 

335 
472,085 

10 

50 

970 



1 
1 

50 
1 

40 

30 

95 

2,060 

10 
930 



125 
1,395 
3,220 

15 
305 



1,682 
107,270 
142,045 

351 
16,250 



145 
1,030 
2,255 

5 
50 

541 
23,165 
25,900 

81 
1,875 



250 
4,825 
28,425 



66 
917 
16 
25 

15 
5 

5 

50 
395 

51 
522 



126 

2,107 

70 

35 

16 



5 

5 

50 

3,000 



1 
68 

1,800 

1 
1,664 

219 

8,860 

432,560 

108 
275,960 



1 

6 

130 



16 

167 

1,930 

10 
1,125 



50 
1,680 
2,810 

5 
40 



569 
40,060 
58,475 

144 
8,026 



60 
350 
535 



182 
10,388 

11,545 

20 
1,075 



87 

3,325 

15,415 



14 

107 

5 

7 

"i 

l 

12 
52 
13 
55 



20 

295 

9 

7 

4 



4 

38 

2,055 



2 
25 

570 

2 
520 

33 
1,465 
71,772 

18 
49,020 

2 

26 
1,220 



3 

34 

970 

1 

400 



21 

772 

1,550 



111 
12,864 

17,367 

35 
3,740 



8 
86 
162 



31 
1,959 
2,403 



10 
610 



28 

1,065 
6,777 



84 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text j 





Total 
all 

films 


9m of fans 


Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Under 10 acres 


10 to 49 acres 


50 to 69 acres 


70 to 99 acres 


100 to 1» acres 


SPECIFIED CROPS BABVESinMfcrtbMd 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 


5,831 

134,119 

19,629,176 

495 
1,256 
18,105 

1,374 
2,260,261 

1,146 

23,845 

15,873,363 

1,630 
11,892 

2,250,908 


80 

19 

1,520 

55 

20,850 

20 

100 

128,330 

35 

77 

1,451,168 


677 

1,653 

214,592 

60 
40 
530 

160 
127,505 

175 

823 

564,760 

216 

781 

396,730 


460 

2,180 

312,165 

45 

95 

790 

106 
88,410 

136 

1,036 

1,257,800 

175 
521 

11,860 


635 

6,263 

882,725 

75 
65 
575 

165 
255,520 

130 

1,234 

378,805 

135 

647 

8,365 




acres 2 . . 
barrels . . . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 


17,107 
2,463,170 

70 

90 

1,295 










acres . . . 
pounds . . . 

Tjtnd In bearing and nanbearl ng fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 


2,901 
2,555,625 


acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers. 


1,372 







1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not Include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



MAINE 



85 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



(Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 









Si 


te of farm-Continued 








Item 
















(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


140 to 179 acres 


ISO to 219 acres 


220 to 259 acres 


260 to 499 acres 


500 to 999 acres 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 


2,000 acres and over 


SPECIFIED CROPS RARVESTED-Continiied 
















Irish potatoes harvested for home 


780 

17,633 

2,465,890 


540 

14,928 

2,110,565 


375 

9,422 

1,449,175 


940 

35,002 

5,251,858 


259 

21,319 

3,206,503 


62 

5,396 

788,027 


18 


acres 2 . . 
barrels . . . 


3,197 
482,986 


Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 


70 

130 

1,775 


25 

280 
1,640 


30 

55 

1,230 


85 

345 

8,660 


25 
110 
660 


9 

16 

100 


1 

30 

850 




160 
280,505 

110 

1,590 

1,120,475 


130 
103,540 

85 

2,181 

966,540 


85 
377,715 

45 

1,105 

428,615 


238 

464,920 

137 

3,807 

2,669,985 


71 
228,995 

75 

2,817 

2,776,855 


24 
85,888 

24 

1,909 

962,146 


5 
49,563 




14 


acres . . . 
pounds . . . 


4,342 
2,063,427 


Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 


215 
1,099 


L16 
1,080 


75 
958 


296 

3,046 


91 
1,711 


30 
550 


6 


acres . . . 


50 


Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers. 


13,000 


2,900 




11,215 


1,750 


3,075 


3,900 







86 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959 

^ [Data are based on reports for only a sample of turns. See text] 



(For descriptions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Fams .number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average sire of farm t acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

In to IS acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farm, rerorting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres.. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Otner cropland {idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Woodland pastored farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) .farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour rarms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting.., 

acres . . , 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number... 

Under 25 years number. . . 

25 to 34 years number. . . 

35 to 44 years number... 

45 to 54 years number... 

55 to B4 years number... 

65 or more years number. . . 

Average age years... 

OFF-FARM WORK AMD OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting... 

100 to 199 days operators reporting... 

200 or more days operators reporting... 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total 

all 
farms 



17,342 

XXX 

3,077,852 

xia 

177.5 



14,582 
83.19 



15,116 
707,155 
2,813 
2,497 
2,004 
2,793 

3,259 

1,359 

372 

15 

4 

7,786 
176,469 

6,108 
213,604 

2,009 
53,495 

4,786 
160,109 

3,820 

172,394 

13,438 

1,521,834 

4,606 

128,388 

1,046 

16,519 

124 
1,549 



486 
7,024 

604 
19,631 

538 
17,829 

328 
12,785 



17,255 
266 
1,784 
3,500 
4,234 
3,919 
3,552 

51.9 



9,555 
2,538 
1,219 
5,798 

3,087 

4,441 

6,315 



Cannnerelal farms by tenure of operator 



7,787 
1,671 
3,665 

1,949 



9,785 
100.0 

2,241,525 
100.0 
229.1 



19,480 
85.24 



8,546 

578,930 

571 

702 

923 

1,830 

2,824 

1,318 

359 

15 

4 

4,927 
135,087 

3,859 
149,983 

1,677 
47,052 

2,754 
102,931 

2,320 

122,162 

7,825 

1,064,209 

2,678 

89,102 

773 

12,374 

94 
1,369 



415 
6,749 

578 
19,327 

513 

17,669 

278 

11,970 



9,729 
166 
1,058 
2,153 
2,724 
2,297 
1,331 

50.0 



3,995 

1,956 

672 

1,367 

1,136 

1,824 

1,248 



Full owners 



5,790 
1,165 
2,026 



7,051 
72.0 

1,444,601 

64.4 

204.9 



18,312 
88.23 



5,906 

338,388 

491 

605 

738 

1,432 

1,836 
627 
168 



3,104 
68,191 

2,977 
118,310 

1,304 
39,264 

2,134 
79,046 

1,369 

72,910 

5,618 

719,905 

1,725 

49,967 

435 

6,644 

47 
689 



216 
4,186 

449 
16,339 

417 

15,052 

189 

8,685 



6,997 
121 
639 
1,458 
1,953 
1,737 
1,089 

51.0 



2,853 

1,312 

520 

1,021 

756 

1,279 

954 



4,198 

838 

1,557 

448 



Part owners 



2,437 
24.9 

738,520 

32.9 

303.0 



22,809 
72.67 



2,402 

221,730 

45 

82 

150 

368 

922 

666 

161 

6 

2 

1,716 

63,849 

790 

28,023 

353 

7,392 

546 

20,631 

922 

47,992 

2,053 

319,281 

894 

35,632 

317 

5,365 

37 
535 



180 
2,137 

111 
2,392 

90 
2,492 

84 
3,040 



2,436 
35 
319 
613 
705 
534 
230 

48.4 



997 
578 
127 
292 

340 

476 

244 



1,440 
303 
420 



Managers 



120 

1.3 

39,895 

1.8 

332.5 



49,107 
150.77 



92 

9,982 

30 

5 
10 

11 
15 

19 
2 



37 

1,717 

36 

2,925 

9 

201 

29 

2,724 

14 

1,035 

74 

19,298 

34 

2,763 

16 

275 

5 

20 



19 

426 



100 
14 
39 



All tenants 



177 
1.8 

18,509 

0.8 

104.6 



12,483 
120. 11 



146 
8,830 
5 
15 
30 
20 

55 
10 

11 



70 
1,330 

56 
725 

11 
195 

45 
530 

15 
225 

80 

5,725 

25 

740 

5 
90 

5 
125 



16 
580 

5 
120 

5 
245 



177 
10 
76 
55 
26 
5 
5 



125 
60 

15 
50 

40 

50 

35 



52 
10 

10 



MAINE 87 

State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms .number . . . 

Percent distribution percent.. . 

Land in farms acres... 

Percent distribution percent. .. 

Average si re of farm acres . . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . . 

Average per acre .dol I ars . . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. .. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. .. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. .. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. .. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting... 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting . . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . . 

acres. .. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. .. 

acres . . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. .. 

acres . . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting. .. 

acres. .. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control rarms rerxjrting. . . 

acres . . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land /arms reporting . . . 

acres.. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age .number. . . 

Under 25 years .number. . . 

25 to 34 years .number .. . 

35 to 44 years number... 

45 to 54 years number... 

55 to 64 years number . . . 

65 or more years number. . . 

Average age years . . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off tbeir farms, toUl operators reporting. .. 

lto99days operators report! ng . . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. .. 

200 or more days operators reporting. . . 

Willi other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . . 

WiUi other members of family working off I ft. m operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm opera, ed . . . operators reporting.. . 
WiUi other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



95 

1.0 

8,570 

0.4 

90.2 



13,219 
133.24 



65 

4,165 

"5 
15 

5 

30 
5 
5 



45 
725 
25 

405 



25 

405 

15 

225 

40 

2,525 



10 
370 

5 
120 

5 
245 



Share-cash tenants 



6 

0.1 

280 

(2) 

46.7 



40,000 
150.94 



6 
260 

5 



5 
68.7 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



5 
0.1 

1,250 

0.1 

250.0 



5 
1,000 



5 
150 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



71 
0.7 

8,409 

0.4 

118.4 



11,071 
103.52 



70 
3,405 

10 
15 

15 

25 
5 



20 
455 

30 
3O0 

10 
175 

20 
L25 



40 

3,200 

20 

650 



5 
125 



5 
190 



71 

5 
20 
30 
11 

5 



60 
35 

5 
20 

20 

25 

20 



LI 
5 



88 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text} 



(For definition.* and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 

farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



All tenants 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Com pickers farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting... 

number. .. 
Motortrucks farms reporting... 

number... 

Tractors farms reporting... 

number... 

Tractors other than garden farms renorting. .. 

number. .. 

1 tractor farms reporting... 

2 tractors farms reporting... 

3 tractors farms reporting... 

4 tractors farms reporting.. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting... 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . . 

number. .. 
Garden tractors farms reporting... 

number. .. 

Automobiles farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
An omobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting... 

Telephone farms reporting... 

Home freezer farms reporting... 

Milking machine farms reoorting... 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting... 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops! farms reporting. . . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting... 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting... 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. .. 

1 mile farms reporting... 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . . 

4 miles farms reporting... 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . , 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons. . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.., 

2 hired workers farms reporting. .. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms renorting... 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year operators reporting.. . 

acres on which used. .. 
tons. . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. .. 

tons . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

tons. .. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. .. 

acres . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

tons . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

tons . . . 

Other pasture {not cropland) farms reporting... 

acres . , . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . . 

tons. .. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

tons. .. 

Corn farms reporti ng . . . 

acres . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . . 

tons. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. . 

tons... 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,063 


1,001 


1,077 


1,015 


48 


38 


48 


38 


3,089 


2,743 


3,137 


2,786 


805 


765 


837 


792 


11,617 


7,911 


17,314 


12,907 


12,217 


8,024 


20,467 


15,014 


11,081 


7,569 


17,793 


13,605 


6,603 


3,617 


3,018 


2,599 


1,020 


942 


289 


263 


151 


148 


10,766 


7,401 


16,289 


12,582 


1,348 


934 


1,504 


1,023 


2,548 


1,323 


2,674 


1,409 


14,355 


8,421 


17,205 


10,219 


16,231 


9,516 


14,251 


8,634 


9,132 


5,873 


4,307 


3,709 


4,315 


3,696 


273 


251 


3,528 


3,296 


12,064 


6,856 


2,736 


1,677 


2,350 


1,160 


1,225 


609 


1,125 


551 


656 


316 


367 


169 


'■1 


30 


01 


36 


3,318 


3,104 


9,017 


8,704 


2,337 


2,234 


4,064 


3,915 


1,528 


1,448 


447 


436 


265 


255 


69 


68 


28 


27 


16,153 


9,030 


738 


496 


451 


259 



7,419 

266,000 

152,116 

7,349 

151,486 

160 

630 



3,456 

76,968 

3,435 

20,149 

26 

57 

660 
6,978 
650 
1,992 
10 
24 

943 
7,802 

938 
2,749 

5 
3 



5,874 

255,141 

147,991 

5,819 

147,395 

130 

596 



2,744 
71,227 
2,728 
18,314 
21 
42 

553 

6,078 
543 

1,685 
10 
24 

856 
7,436 

856 
2,613 



737 

751 

17 

17 

1,323 

1,327 

253 

264 

5,497 

8,553 

5,535 

9,856 

5,131 

8,845 

2,731 

1,545 

609 

165 

81 

4,986 

8,116 

672 

729 

953 

1,011 

6,044 
7,239 
6,830 

6,096 
4,055 
1,968 
1,997 

102 
1,795 



4,917 
1,220 
845 
436 
409 
241 
122 
25 
21 



1,969 
5,730 
1,354 
2,358 



902 

252 

145 

34 

21 



6,505 
326 
220 



3,801 

157,155 

105,263 

3,756 

104,965 

79 

298 



1,394 

25,801 

1,384 

7,464 

10 

10 

280 

2,361 

270 

696 

10 
24 

329 

2,026 

329 

788 



239 

239 

16 

16 

1,363 

1,394 

490 

503 

2,214 

3,883 

2,296 

4,694 

2,265 

4,363 

821 

1,010 

293 

92 

49 

2,242 

4,080 

251 

283 

304 
331 

2,148 
<:,706 
2,420 

2,280 
1,666 
1,694 
1,652 

144 
1,407 



1,728 

411 

273 

148 

125 

75 

40 

5 

5 



1,013 

2,378 

789 

1,296 



498 

170 

94 

26 

1 



2,304 
99 
34 



1,880 

88,743 

37,802 

1,870 

37,517 

46 

285 



1,288 

43,211 

1,282 

10,129 

11 

32 

266 

3,652 

266 

975 



512 
5,260 

512 
1,778 



10 

10 

5 

5 

22 

25 

17 

20 

74 

197 

72 

207 

62 

170 

20 

13 

15 

1 

13 

62 
164 
6 
6 
36 
37 

87 
102 
114 

122 
80 

17 
17 

5 
53 



71 
335 

60 
214 



62 

4,688 

1,981 

62 

1,981 



17 

1,095 

17 

254 



10. 
140 
10 
42 



MAINE 



89 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only * sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, 9ee text) 



Ccanmerctal farms by -tenure. of ope'rator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



T 



Share -cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. . 

number. . . 
Com pickers farms reporting, .. 

number... 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. .. 

number. .. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting... 

number... 
Motortrucks farms reporting... 

number... 

Tractors .farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporti ng . . . 

number. . . 

1 tractor farms reporti ng . . . 

2 tractors farms reportj ng . . . 

3 tractors farms reporting. .. 

4 tractors farms reporting. ,. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting... 

number... 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. . 

number. . . 
Garden tractors farm9 reporti ng . . . 

number. . . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . . 

number... 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . . 

Telephone farms reporting. . . 

Home freezer farms reporting... 

Milking machine farms reporting... 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . . 

Crop drier {for grain, forage, or other crops) forms reporting... 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. .. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. .. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. .. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. .. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road Tarnis reporting. .. 

1 mile farms reporting.. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. . 

4 miles farms reporting.. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting. .. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. . . 

persons . . . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. . 

persons.. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting... 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER .AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilising 

materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres on which used.. 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. .. 

tons. .. 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

tons . . . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. .. 

acres. .. 

Dry materials farms reporting. , . 

tons. .. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. .. 

tons . . . 

Corn farms reporting. .. 

acres . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. .. 

tons... 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

tons. .. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



65 
150 

60 
115 
55 
100 
20 
25 
10 



15 

135 

5 

20 



70 
2,875 
1,892 

70 

1,879 

5 

13 



20 
845 

20 
354 



6 
260 

135 

6 

135 



20 

20 

5 

5 

50 

100 

55 
135 

55 
125 

25 

5 

15 

5 

5 

55 
125 



10 
10 

61 
71 
61 

60 

36 
15 
15 



51 

5 

15 

10 

5 



30 
115 
20 
20 



61 
10 



55 

1,420 

918 

55 
918 



25 
275 
25 

113 



90 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, soo text) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Part owners 



Managers 



USE OF COMMERC1 U, FERTILIZER AND LIME-Oontinued 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used-Continued 

Oats farms reporting. 

acres . 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons.. 

Liquid matenals farms reporting. 

Ions. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. 

acres . , 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Ions., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

All other crops ; farms reporting. . 

acres. , 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres limed. , 
Ions. , 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more , farms reporting . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to £4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more forms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$2fD to 5999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more .terms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dol I ars . . 

Under S200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 lo $4,999 farms reporting. . 

S5.0D0 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting . . 

$20,000 to $49,999 fatms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dol I ars . . 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 , . .farms reporting . . 

5500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 lo $4,999 faims reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. . 

average per farm, dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars. . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
Ulan poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,046 

20,199 

983 

3,335 

73 
105 

2,938 

132,276 

2,927 

116, 114 

27 

417 

1,743 

21,777 

1,723 

7,147 

40 

24 

4,589 
81,616 
68,554 



16,982 
13,493 
50,730,406 
2,289 
5,466 
1,429 
1,967 
2,342 

6,759 
10,905,203 

4,651 
834 
595 
470 
209 

5,407 

1,133,397 

3,781 

1,502 

124 

8,484 
21,735,346 
2,054 
1,322 
941 
1,686 

1,346 
638 
351 

130 
16 

5,864 

2,317,778 

3,533 

1,319 

460 

552 



15,105 
5,584,485 
5,623 
6,069 
2,078 
1,284 
51 



171,692,584 
9,900 

72,189,843 
55,424,440 
2,260,261 
6,046,662 
8,458,480 

99,502,741 
60,593,045 
31,856,182 



963 

19,608 

900 

3,180 

73 

102 

2,679 

131,444 

2,663 

115,362 

27 

417 

1,078 
19,348 
1,073 
6,241 
•20 
11 

3,889 
75,416 
63,161 



9,780 
7,763 
48,745,665 
657 
1,725 
1,170 
1,382 
2,329 

4,603 
10,559,094 

2,526 
818 
580 
470 
209 

3,576 

953,691 

2,162 

1,296 

118 

7,005 
21,085,317 
1,123 
1,039 
779 
1,635 

1,316 
618 
350 
130 

15 

4,112 

2,217,572 

1,965 

1,176 

439 

532 



9,497 
5,081,541 
1,595 
4,589 
1,997 
1,265 
51 



166,151,948 
16,980 

69,388,440 

54,445,304 

2,072,391 

5,384,374 

7,486,371 

96,763,508 
59,986,999 
30,933,878 

5,842,631 



685 

14,426 

657 

2,515 

33 

66 

2,167 

102,703 

2,161 

90,524 

22 

192 

614 
9,838 

609 
2,978 

15 
6 

2,339 
46,087 
32,603 



7,051 

5,445 

37,129,610 

561 
1,370 

768 
1,016 
1,730 

3,347 
8,403,996 

1,733 
603 
448 
391 
172 

2,448 

575,875 

1,481 

899 

68 

4,811 

14,346,720 

805 

700 

525 

1,149 

877 

420 

230 

96 

9 

2,628 
1,637,159 

1,210 
677 
333 
408 



6,800 

3,354,266 

1,380 

3,312 

1,257 

810 

41 



119,563,354 
16,957 

52,497,337 

42,420,256 

915,032 

3,394,195 

5,767,854 

67,066,017 
51,841,584 
12,182,815 

3,041,618 



258 
4,521 
228 
552 
35 
23 

438 
25,261 

433 

21,923 

5 

225 

374 

6,838 

374 

2,160 

5 

5 

1,436 
26,940 
28,160 



2,437 

2,151 

3,757,601 

86 

317 

376 

851 

521 

1,120 

1,622,538 

726 

188 

125 
64 
17 

1,039 

354,916 

620 

377 
42 

1,967 
5,639,774 
307 
298 
244 
434 

392 

162 

97 

30 

3 

1,372 

493,178 

713 

477 

88 

94 



2,420 

1,516,041 

178 

1,156 

676 

405 

5 



39,256,491 
16,109 

14,078,782 

10,404,193 

661,927 

1,545,941 

1,466,721 

25,177,709 
4,199,742 
18,378,350 

2,599,617 



9 

301 

9 

80 



8 
945 



45 

2,142 

45 

940 



43 
1,152 
1,398 



120 

81 

2,538,364 

23 

1 

57 

70 
456,205 
22 
12 
2 
15 
19 

38 

17,405 

16 

14 

8 

110 

807,268 

1 

15 

5 

17 

22 
26 
17 

4 
3 

46 

35, 245 

12 

7 
13 
14 



115 
122,759 
22 
26 
38 
24 
5 



5,281,887 
44,016 

1,392,671 
367,031 
433,557 
440,707 
151,376 

3,889,216 

3,631,197 

182,943 



75,076 



MAINE 



91 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Dots ire baaed oo report* for only a sample of farms. See text 1 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by, tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



USE OF COmfERClAL FF.RTTLiZF.rl AND LIME-Continued 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year-Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 
Oats 



Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials. 

Irish potatoes. 
Dry materials . , . 
Liquid materials . 



All other crops .... 
Dry materials . .. 
Liquid materials . 



Lime or liming materials used during the year . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



Any of the following specified expenditures . 
Feed for livestock and poultry 



Under MOO 

$100 to $909 ... . 
$1,000 to $1,999 . 
$2,000 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 or more . . 



Purchase of livestock and poultry . 



Under $1,00C 

$1,000 to $2,199. 
$2,500 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . 
$10,000 or more . 



Under $200 
$200 to $999 . . . 
$1,000 or more . 



Under $200 .. 
$200 to $499 . 
$500 to $999 . 
$1,000 to $2,4 



$2,500 to $4,999 .. . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . . . 
$10,000 to $19,999 . 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 or more . . . 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 



Under $100 . . 
$100 to $499 . 
$500 to $999 . 
$1,000 or mor* 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 



Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 .... 
$1,000 to 54,999 . 
$5,000 or more . . 



arms reporting, 
acres, 
'arms reporting. 

tons. 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting, 
acres, 
arms reporting. 

tons. 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 

acres. 

s reporting. 

tons, 

arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting, 
acres limed, 
tons. 



■ reporting, 
arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 

'arms reporting. 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting. 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
, reporting, 
arms reporting. 

'arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 
s reporting, 
'arms reporting. 



arms reporting, 
dollars, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
turns reporting, 
arms retorting, 
arms reporting. 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOURCE 

■Ml farm products sold ..total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 

All crops sold dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 

Vegetables sold dollars 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 

Dairy products sold dollars 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5 
225 



5 
13 

40 
1,530 

40 
1,435 



15 
265 

15 
85 



30 
620 
735 



95 

40 

70,065 

10 

15 
10 

5 

30 

26,625 

15 

15 



20 

,350 

20 



65 

207,130 

10 

5 

20 

15 

10 

5 



25 

27,015 

15 

5 



85 

58,450 

5 

55 

5 

20 



1,043,815 
10,988 

812,515 

739,385 

31,780 

41,350 

231,300 
29,700 
91,170 

110,430 



1 
170 

1 
124 



1 
375 



1 
16,000 



1 
3,800 



6 
2,500 



124,105 
20,684 

124,105 
90,315 



5 

5 

15,000 



5 

1,300 

5 



5 
1,235 



5 
5,000 



5 

2,500 



19,213 
3,843 

665 

665 



18,548 

17,500 

1,048 



5 
60 

5 
30 



25 
835 

25 
705 



25 

250 
25 
70 



40 
605 
255 



66 

41 
235,025 

15 
10 



31 

48,430 

25 

"5 

1 

25 

2,535 

25 



46 
63,425 

10 
16 

'l6 



40 
21,175 
15 
10 
5 
10 



66 

25,025 

10 

35 

16 

5 



863,083 
12,156 

482,365 
423,459 

30,095 
3,531 

25,280 

380,718 
284,776 
81,100 

14,842 



92 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Date are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number. .. 
Cows, including heifers that have calved Terms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Milk cows farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Heifers and heifer calves farms renorting... 

number. .. 
Steers anil bulls including steer and bull calves farms renorting. . . 

number... 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
CatUe and cnlves- 

1 head farms report, ng. .. 

2 to 1 head farms renorting. . . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting... 

'20 to 49 head farms reporting. . . 

SO to 99 head - . .farms reporting... 

100 to 199 hertd farms reporting... 

500 or more head farms reporting... 

Cows, including heifers that hnse ealved- 

1 head . ■ .farms renorting. . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

1C to 19 head farms renorting.. 

00 to 29 head farms repomn:-. . 

TO to 49 head .farms reporting. . 

59 to T4 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting, 

100 or more head rarms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms renorting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head .farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms renorting.. 

75 to 99 head ...farms reporting, . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reportii 

number.. 

HogS and pigs forms reporting.. 

number. . 
Bom since Jun<- 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Rom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Sheeo 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Rams and wethers. farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farma reporting.. 

number. . 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars. . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number . . 

dollars. . 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. . 

pounds . 

dollars . . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 

dollars.. 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting.. 

number of litters. . 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting.. 

3 to 9 litters farms renorting. . 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting.. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. . 

70 or more litters ..farms reporting.. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting.. 

number of litters. . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

See footnotes at end of Uble. 



Total 
all 
farms 



10,719 
199,045 

9,732 
105,213 

9,155 
96,652 

8,701 
76,779 

6,177 
17,053 



947 
2,970 
1,913 
1,506 
2,404 
802 
177 



2,645 

3,562 

1,495 

1,088 

727 

141 

41 

33 



2,686 

3,199 

1.313 

1,056 

685 

135 

35 

26 

4,088 
8,746 

4,079 
27,047 

1,707 
14,162 

2,950 
12,885 

1,573 
39,472 

1,132 
12,793 

1,412 
26,679 

1,347 

24,673 

909 

2,006 

6,035 
4,593,286 



7,741 

82,972 

5,674,030 

858 

24,130 

820,420 

913 

19,151 

248,963 

4,858 

641,586,842 

31,856,182 

3,649 
36,089,139 

3,252 
49,807,344 
24,405,599 



675 

5,228 

338 

209 

41 

76 

1 

10 

481 

2,148 

503 

3,080 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



6,155 
171,684 

5,813 
94,794 

5,553 
88,055 

5,363 
65,538 

3,777 
11,352 



301 
966 
752 
909 
2,262 
801 
164 



786 

1,622 

1,394 

1,083 

726 

135 

34 

33 



1,449 

1,282 

1,056 

685 

128 

29 

26 

1,869 
4,127 

2,292 

19,650 
973 

10,333 
1,653 
9,317 

719 

24,172 

569 

7,961 

673 

16, 211 

648 

15,020 

450 

1.191 

3,482 

4,441,586 



4,961 

72,446 

4,816,317 

506 

19,793 

672,962 

461 

11,930 

155,090 

3,999 

622,282,725 

30,933,878 

2,975 
36,018,208 

2,211 
48,750,743 
23,887,864 



412 

4,134 

207 

108 

16 

71 

10 
273 

1,637 
310 

2,497 



Full owners 



Part owners 



3,957 
78,126 

3,653 
41, 850 

3,444 
38,460 

3,295 
29,867 

2,343 

6,409 



280 
838 
610 
680 
1,228 
278 
43 



689 

1,264 

885 

505 

266 

39 

3 

2 



767 

1,101 

797 

500 

240 

36 

2 

1 

1,275 
2,663 

1,617 
11,320 
697 
6,091 
1,139 
5,229 

474 
12,896 

353 
4,584 

448 
8,312 

428 
7,632 

286 

680 

2,662 
3,650,719 



2,941 

32,395 

2,432,553 

350 

11,747 

399,398 

283 

6,246 

81,198 

2,215 

243,972,961 

12,182,815 

2,486 
31,775,534 

1,761 
40,802,548 
19,993,248 



267 
2,355 

141 
81 
15 
25 

5 

172 

900 

201 

1,455 



2,106 
90,749 

2,078 
51,494 

2,030 
48,357 

1,982 
34,599 

1,385 

4,656 



21 

107 
127 
223 
998 
513 
117 



86 

342 

483 

567 

444 

95 

31 

30 



120 

331 

459 

541 

437 

91 

26 

25 

561 
1,358 

610 
5,188 

224 
3,325 

475 
1,863 

201 
9,751 

178 
2,808 

186 
6,943 

181 
6,563 

131 

380 

728 
493, 162 



1,950 

39,022 

2,304,372 

118 

4,814 

163,676 

139 

5,084 

66,092 

1,732 

371,099,246 

18,378,350 

404 

2,146,724 

407 

4,187,230 

2,051,743 



109 

1,164 

61 

22 

1 
20 

5 

70 
469 

78 
695 



All tenants 



32 
1,529 

27 
735 

24 
523 

26 
567 

14 
227 



15 
752 

12 

292 

9 

460 

24 
1,060 

23 
424 

19 
636 

19 
525 

13 
111 

42 
279,105 



25 

534 

46,842 

13 

537 

18,258 

29 

520 

6,760 

17 

3,455,618 

182,943 

59 
1,886,959 

28 
3,549,465 
1,739,238 



170 
5 
6 



11 

58 

6 

112 



MAINE 



93 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data we baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that Save calved 

Milk cows 

Heifers and he] fer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves . 



.farms reporting. 

number, 
.farms reporting. 

number, 
farms reporting. 

number, 
.farms reporting. 

number, 
.farms reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporti ng . 

2D to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting, 

SO to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

HofSCS and Of mules farms reporting. 

number. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs rarms reporting. 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting. 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive rarms reporting. 

number. 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars. . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. , 

number. 

Hollars.. 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. , 

pounds , 
dollars.. 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens., 
dollars.. 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting. . 

number of litters.. 



I or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters .... 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters ... 
June 2 to November 30 



arms reporting, 
arms reporting., 
'arms reporting., 
arms reporti ng . , 
arms reporti ng . , 
'arms renorting. , 
r arms reporting. . 
number of litters. , 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. . 

number of litters.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



25 

610 
20 

335 
20 

335 
25 

245 
20 
30 



30 

2,355 
25 
595 
25 

1,760 



15 
190 



15 

280 

18,800 

25 

2,695 

91,630 



15 

1,719,475 

91,170 

5 

29,700 



25 

5 



20 
210 

25 
235 



5 
175 

5 
105 

5 
105 

5 
55 

5 
15 



5 

25 

5 

20 

5 

5 

5 

175 



5 
25 
950 



30 
495 

30 
275 

30 
275 

30 
205 

10 

15 



10 
5 
5 

10 



10 
5 

10 
5 



10 

5 
10 

5 



20 
35 
15 
30 

5 
5 

15 
440 

15 
145 

15 
295 

15 
280 

15 

15 

30 
18,235 



25 

190 

12,800 



10 

80 

1,040 



5 

375,000 
17,500 



15 

1,660,425 

81,100 

21 

179,291 

15 

211,500 

103,635 



94 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Soe text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



All tenants 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting... 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels . . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushe Is . . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels. .. 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Hay crops : 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay anc for dehydrating farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons. . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
tons . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons.. . 

Oats, wneat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting 

acres . . . 
tons . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tons. .. 

Other hay cut farms reporting 

acres . . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

tans. .. 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
tons , green weight — 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

acres 2 . . 
barrels . . . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . . 

Sales dollars.. . 

Blueberries (tame and wild ) farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
pounds — 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars . . . 



1,258 
9,554 
1,057 

158 
37 



80 

313 

12,230 

5 

175 

28 

243 

6,580 

18 
5,314 

2,524 

50,051 

2,398,937 

1,446 

1,556,645 

48 

306 

9,865 

6 

1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 

117 
552 

7,385 
50 

3,005 



462 

6,483 

12,193 

72 

1,180 



9,455 

339,590 

455,011 

2,576 

65,321 



641 

3,794 

6,904 

25 

545 

3,994 

100,561 

104,196 

1,118 

17,200 

602 
13,583 
71,252 



5,831 

134,119 

19,629,176 

495 

1,256 

18,105 

1,374 
2,260,261 

1,146 

23,845 

15,873,363 



1,630 
11,892 



1,119 

9,055 

930 

147 

36 

1 
5 

29 

155 

8,595 



18 

153 

4,780 

8 

3,514 

2,279 

48,054 

2,317,392 

1,341 

1,519,020 

43 

191 

5,365 

6 

1,400 

32 

219 

4,820 

18 
3,205 

107 
512 

7,045 
50 

3,005 



354 

5,564 

10,848 

52 

995 



5,861 
268,223 
382,869 

1,158 
45,193 



450 

3,014 

5,758 

10 

175 

1,826 

62,257 

73,065 

266 

6,755 

574 
12,859 
66,937 



3,849 

133,016 

19,559,586 

228 

940 

13,732 

917 
2,072,391 

445 

17,484 

12,799,758 



809 
8,360 



449 

2,621 

409 

35 

5 



16 

66 

3,795 



16 

128 

4,210 

6 

2,994 

1,771 

33,150 

1,838,571 

1,158 

1,297,135 

26 

95 

2,520 

1 

400 

14 

95 

1,570 

7 

865 

97 

462 

5,880 

45 
2,255 

170,382 



514 
915,032 

338 

11,697 

9,021,852 



517 
5,026 



1,873,953 



649 

6,169 

509 

105 
29 

1 
5 

12 

84 

4,650 



2 
25 

570 
2 

520 

467 

8,928 

423,103 

160 
183,360 

12 

46 

1,595 



18 

124 

3,250 

11 

2,340 

10 

50 

1,165 

5 

750 

172,349 



173 

2,955 

5,695 

10 

140 



1,902 

125,796 

185,959 

216 

7,962 



214 

1,374 
2,321 



725 

33,317 

39,005 

59 

2,250 

365 

8,907 

46,230 



790 

25,838 

3,756,983 

82 

548 

4,200 

353 
661,927 

101 

4,387 

2,590,288 



245 
2,634 



97,365 



11 

155 
7 

> 2 
2 



1 

5 

150 



10 

316 

14,143 

2 

5,200 



15 

336 

624 

6 

160 



62 
3,128 
4,090 

23 
1,223 



8 
545 
795 

5 

125 

16 

702 

3,622 



26 
952 

122,414 



20 
433,557 

6 

1,400 

1,187,618 



37 
657 



2 Less than 0.05 percent. includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines . 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



MAINE 

State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See teilj 



95 



lt«n 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting 

acres . . . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels.. . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Vfheat harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Hay crops : 

Land from which hay was cut acres.. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tans. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting,. 

acres . . 
tons , green weight . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 2 . 
barrels , . 

Dry field and seed beans harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Blueberries {tame and wild) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

pounds . . 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold dollars... 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



10 

110 

5 

5 



15 
400 

27,425 

15 

26,925 

5 

50 

1,250 

5 
1,000 



1,550 



15 

1,275 

1,585 

5 

500 



5 

275 
450 



50 

1,736 

266,385 



10 
31,780 



Share -cash tenants 



1 

75 

3,900 

1 
3,900 



1 

170 

33,000 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestoc k- snare 
tenants 



1,000 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



5 

1,000 

625 



5 

3 

250 



15 

185 

10,250 

5 

2,500 



1,925 



30 

1,130 

1,720 

15 

975 



5 
275 
550 

5 

50 

20 

500 

465 

5 
250 



5 
20 
250 



45 

979 

146,875 

5 

5 

100 

20 
30,095 



10 
43 



96 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 22.-CASH RENT PAID BY CASH TENANTS AND SHARE-CASH TENANTS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM- 
CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commerci al 
farms 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial 
farms 



CASH TENANTS 

All cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

acres 
Land rented from others operators reporting 

acres 
Land rented to others operators reporting 

acres 

Land In farms of cash tenants acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acr6 dollars 

Proportion of cash tenants 

reporting value percent 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

Cash tenants reporting both value of land and 
buildings and amount of cash rent paid number 

Proportion of all cash tenants percent 

All land rented from others acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings' 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid; 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre doll ars 

Average per S1D0 of value of land 
and buildings dollars 



160 

12,080 

5 

100 

11,980 
"4.9 

9,753 

124.85 

81.3 

125 

4,930 



120 

75.0 

10,195 

85.0 

10,065 
118.47 

441 
5.18 



95 
8,570 



8,570 
90.2 

13,219 
133.24 

73.7 

65 

4,165 



60 

63.2 

6,885 

114.8 

14,256 
124.23 

553 
4.82 



65 
3,510 



3,410 
52.5 

5,708 
106.70 

92.3 

60 

765 



60 

92.3 

3,310 

55.2 

5,875 
106.50 

328 
5.94 



SHARE-CASH TENANTS 

All share-cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented from others operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented to others operators reporting 

acres 

Land in farms of share-cash tenants acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Proportion of share-cash tenants 

reporting value percent 

Cropland harvested /arms reporting 

acres 

Share-cash tenants reporting both value of land and 
buildings and amount of cash tent paid number 

Proportion of all share-rash tenants percent 

Ail land rented from others acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid. 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Average per S100 of value of land 
and buildings dollars 



6 

280 



280 

46.7 

40,000 
150.94 

16.7 

6 

260 



1 

16.7 

265 

265.0 

40,000 
150.94 

2,400 
9.06 



6 
280 



280 
46.7 



40,000 
150.94 



16.7 

6 

260 



1 

16.7 

265 

265.0 

40,000 
150.94 

2,400 
9.06 



State Table 23.-SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED TOTALS FOR COUNTY AND STATE BY NUMBER OF 

FARMS REPORTING, BY LEVELS 



If the estimated number of 
fauna reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than— 


If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 




Level 
l l 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 

4 


Level 
l l 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 
4 


25 


Percent 

40 
28 
20 
13 
8.9 
6.3 
4.0 


Percent 

53 
37 
26 
17 
12 
8.4 
5.3 


Percent 

71 
50 
35 
22 
16 
11 
7.1 


Percent 

96 
68 
48 
30 
21 
15 
9.6 


5,000 


Percent 

2.8 
2.0 
1.3 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 


Percent 

3.7 
2.6 

1.7 
1.2 
0.8 
0.5 


Percent 

5.0 
3.5 
2.2 
1.6 
1.1 
0.7 


Percent 




6.8 




10,000 




4.8 




25,000 




3.0 




50,000 




2.1 




100,000 




1.5 




250,000 




1.0 











1 Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reliability of estimated number of farms and farms reporting. The level for all other items should be obtained from State 
Table 24. If the estimated number of farms or farms reporting constitutes more than 75 percent of all farms in the universe, a better approximation to the sampling reliability 
may be obtained by multiplying the percent given in the table as follows: 

1. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 75 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.50. 

2. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 90 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.30. 

3. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 95 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.20. 



MAINE 



97 



State Table 24.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY AND STATE TOTALS 

FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS 

[To determine Lhe sampling reliability for an item, use this table to determine which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability to use in State Table 2ft. To use State Table 23, it is necessary to refer also to county or State table 

to obtain the number of farms reporting for the item] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Sizo-of-faim group 



Tenure-of- farm- 
operator groun 



Economic-class-of-farm group 



Type-of-farm group 



= ■5 

as 
I* 



I] 1 

3 ae 



Farms and farm characteristics: 

Land in farms acres 

Value of land and buildings per farm dollars 

Cropland harvested acres 

Total cropland acres 

Total pasture! and acres 

Irrigated land in farms acres 

Commercial fertilizer: 

Land on which commercial fertilizer was used acres 

Farm labor: 

Regular hired workers employed 150 or more days persons 

Specified farm expenditures: 

Feed Tor livestock and poultry dollars 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars 

Machine hire dollars 

Hired labor ..... dollars 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees ...... dollars 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil Tor the farm business dollars 

Livestock and livestock products 

Cattle and calves on hand numher 

Cows, including heifers that have calved, on hand number 

Hogs and pigs on hand ... number 

Sheep and lambs on hand number 

Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand number 

Calves sold alive number 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive number 

Hogs and pigs sold alive number 

Sheep and lambs sold alive aumbet 

Horses sold .number 

Broilers sold number 

Other chickens sold , , , . ... number 

Chicken eggs sold dozens 

Value of milk and cream sold ... dollars 

Specified crops harvested. 

Oats harvested acres. 

bushels, 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay acres, 

tans. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses cut for hay acres , 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 

small grains cut for hay acres . 

tons. 

Other hay cut acres . 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains acres. 

tons. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or for sale acres. 

barrels , 

Value of vegetables harvested for sale dollars . 



Chapter B 
STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

(99) 



100 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table l.-FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for item9 shown in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Androscoggin 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1959. 

1054. 
Decrease in farms due to change in 

farm definition 1954 to 1959 number . 

Approximate land ares acres 1959 

Proportion in farms percent 1959 . 

Land in farms acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Average size of farm acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1959 . 

1951, . 
Average per acre dollars 1959. 

1954. 
Proportion of forms reporting valve percent 1959 . 

1951,. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
acres 1959 . 

1954 . 
1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1059 . 

1954. 
20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 

50 to 99 acres rarms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 
1,000 or more acres farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 1959 

1954. 

acres 1959 

1954. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). . . farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Improved pasture (see text) farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.) acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
Woodland, total farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Land-use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 



17, 360 
23,368 

1,306 

19,847,680 

15.5 

3,081,987 

3, 614, 242 

177.5 

154.7 



14,620 

9,323 

82.93 

60.61 

88 

87 



15,195 

20,260 

698,188 

795,710 

2,809 

4,223 

2,637 

3,725 

2,085 

3,059 

2,791 

4,005 

3,139 
3,654 
1,362 
1,293 

352 
276 
16 
20 



7,665 

10,931 

171,405 

235,948 

6,081 

10,381 

208,077 

240,692 

1,967 

55,107 

4,814 

152,970 

3,639 

6,207 

169,511 

280,425 

13,548 

17,015 

1,545,041 

1,712,071 

4,437 

6,461 

133,280 

203,424 

820 

988 

12,488 

13,581 

156,485 
145,972 

16,329 

22,414 

11, 376 

16,577 

14,568 

19, 176 

138 

87 

2,214 

1,097 



486 
7,024 

604 
19,631 

538 

17,829 

328 

12,710 



888 


3,057 


1,009 


3,940 


58 


157 


305,920 


4,355,200 


42.7 


15.2 


130,600 


662,841 


127,478 


782,542 


147.1 


216.8 


126.3 


198.6 


14,191 


21,937 


8,151 


16, 361 


104.43 


96.80 


72.50 


81.48 


90 


85 


80 


89 


737 


2,871 


867 


3,776 


32.076 


217,657 


31,586 


283,031 


135 


142 


165 


170 


121 


201 


183 


279 


115 


221 


141 


305 


142 


581 


181 


819 


150 


1,080 


143 


1,368 


56 


505 


41 


666 


18 


129 


13 


153 




11 




15 



432 

478 

10,583 

14,669 

227 

350 

3,893 

8,515 

58 

469 

178 

3,424 

237 

324 

11,334 

15,100 

651 

628 

60,428 

45,592 

281 

237 

7,667 

7,631 

68 

48 

1,122 

744 

4,619 
4,385 

800 
952 
642 
738 
740 
765 

3 

83 



46 
293 



11 
120 



1,491 

2,435 

26,290 

44,320 

1,995 

2,192 

84,490 

53,983 

1,284 

44,431 

1,195 

40,059 

411 

820 

10, 298 

21,423 

2,537 

3,240 

273,322 

321,002 

738 

1,105 

16,481 

23,953 

158 

201 

1,899 

2,017 

34,303 
34,830 

2,993 

3,877 

1,948 

3,048 

2,617 

3,441 

12 

11 

376 

90 



121 
2,007 

452 
17,382 

412 

16,078 

199 

7,900 



1,200 


720 


1,749 


968 


101 


65 


547,200 


1,097,600 


26.5 


14.8 


144,900 


162, 744 


175,450 


189, 721 


120.8 


226.0 


100.3 


196.0 


17,759 


10,447 


9,972 


6,438 


157.06 


43.62 


99.58 


32.11 


81 


85 


84 


86 


987 


662 


1,425 


876 


39,576 


25,557 


40,680 


27, 319 


264 


116 


421 


177 


198 


139 


293 


153 


144 


113 


236 


183 


142 


132 


245 


197 


143 


99 


164 


133 


64 


55 


48 


31 


30 


8 


18 


2 


2 





506 

734 

10,658 

16, 371 

396 

746 

7,884 

15,691 

107 

1,347 

333 

6,537 

227 

403 

6,940 

14,435 

865 

1,022 

68,024 

72,587 

198 

292 

4,851 

8,731 

37 

49 

521 

757 

6,967 
6,955 

1,103 
1,643 

714 
1,066 

934 

1,223 

70 

31 

1,047 

374 



76 

775 



362 

362 

9,080 

7,694 

168 

358 

6,005 

6,061 

32 

413 

147 

5,592 

239 

397 

13,753 

24,625 

590 

735 

99,738 

109,579 



171 

319 

4,984 

10, 503 

41 

61 

487 

986 

3,627 
3,940 

694 
930 
538 
729 
630 
835 



697 
1,252 

71 

986,880 

12.8 

125,887 

153,348 

180.6 

122.5 



11,353 
6,097 
59.80 
53.25 

94 



620 

1,034 

14,391 

19,451 

227 

471 

153 

273 

95 

117 

77 

95 

43 
57 
19 
15 
6 



163 
293 

2,780 

4,855 
278 
643 

7,327 

13,125 

25 

251 

261 

7,076 

73 

177 

4,576 

10, 398 

567 

943 

84,148 

93,227 

146 

293 

3,426 

6,443 

13 

31 

161 

338 

9,239 
5,849 

668 

1,196 
322 
607 
596 

1,018 

1 



31 
371 



20 
2,055 



33 

150 



10 
130 



15 

110 



1,828 
2,132 

135 

553,600 

45.0 

249,366 

276,910 

136.4 

129.9 



14,982 
9,377 

110.73 

71.72 

85 



1,601 

1,784 

63,720 

62,924 

316 

331 

290 

335 

261 

322 

317 

391 

266 

295 

121 

97 

29 

11 

1 

1 



736 

987 

18,986 

24,171 

372 

904 

8,329 

20, 519 

60 

1,292 

325 

7,037 

372 
593 

15,592 
24,138 
1,366 
1,484 
108,888 
113,223 

540 

715 

16,274 

21,307 

82 

75 

1,702 

1,014 

17, 577 
10,628 

1,693 

2,035 

1,193 

1,626 

1,469 

1,732 

6 

2 

84 

78 



36 

1,775 



MAINE 



101 



County Table 1. -FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

litiln for items shown in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Piscataquis 



Sagadahoc 



Waldo Washington 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1959 

1954 
Decrease In farms due to change in 

farm definition 1954 to 1959 number 

Approximate land area acres 1959 

Proportion in farms percent 1959 

Land in farms acres 1959 

1954 

Average size or farm acres 1959 

1954 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1959 

1951, 

Average per acre dollara 1959 

1951, 

Proportion of forms reporting value percent 1 959 

1951 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farnis reporting 1959 

1954. 
acres 1959 

1954 
1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1959 

1954 
10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
20 to 29 acres farms reporting inr.9 

1954 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1959 

1954 
200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1959 

1954 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
1,000 or more acres farms reporting 1959 

1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 1959 

1954 

acres 1959 

1954 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 1959 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes larnis reporting 1959 

acres 1959. 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 1959 

acres 1959 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954 . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). . . farms reporting 1959 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Improved pasture (see text) farms reporting 1959 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.) acres 

Cropland, total farms reporting 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 

Woodland, total farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 



1959. 

1954. 

1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1 059 
1954 
L959 
1954 
I 1959 
1954 



Land-use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 1959 

acres 1959 . 
Cropland used for grout or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
Land in strip-cropping sysUms for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 1959 

acres 1959 . 



661 

975 

23 

292,480 

29.4 

85,879 

102,526 

129.9 

105.2 



13,524 
7,316 
114.70 
75.31 
75 
83 



568 
769 
18,558 
17,856 
127 
238 
139 
188 
91 
130 
99 
123 

79 
73 
23 
15 
10 
2 



275 
330 

4,975 

6,704 
168 
438 

5,429 

10,319 

22 

319 

154 

5,110 

156 

227 

5,618 

8,555 

524 

678 

43,446 

48,062 

120 

230 

3,677 

7,289 

23 

28 

306 

505 

4,176 
3,741 

625 
933 
417 
587 
557 
769 
2 



983 
1,392 

111 

1,334,400 

14.5 

193,962 

231,277 

197.3 

166.1 



12,007 
6,622 
60.08 
41.46 
96 
90 



868 

1,233 

29,918 

35,756 

161 

256 

195 

279 

152 

239 

171 

260 

135 

164 

45 

27 

9 



489 

673 

10,682 

12,627 

235 

425 

4,420 

6,819 

46 

497 

202 

3,923 

301 

482 

21,377 

31,267 

753 

1,051 

111,055 

i. 5,69 

216 
326 

9,132 

10,385 

40 

57 

559 

576 

7,378 
5,733 

929 

1,328 

719 

1,073 

847 

1,202 

5 

6 

146 

57 



22 
112 

20 
155 

5 
25 

5 
30 



1,552 
2,219 

149 

2,181,120 

15.4 

336,092 

397,020 

216.6 

178.9 



12,360 

7,984 

63.85 

45.11 

87 



1,338 

1,942 

66,440 

75,048 

199 

356 

225 

338 

193 

326 

242 

408 

290 
361 
152 
135 
37 
18 



823 

1,128 

21,991 

27,220 

465 

983 

12,194 

21,907 

92 

1,843 

404 

10,351 



377 

702 

18,992 

36,034 

1,255 

1,678 

188,855 

194,603 

455 

864 

16,875 

29,739 

67 

141 

1,084 

2,367 

10,745 
12,469 

1,456 
2,136 
1,166 
1,736 

1,352 

1,881 

3 

4 

41 

30 



21 
800 

36 
1,011 

38 

797 

31 

1,780 



339 

530 

40 

2,526,720 

3.4 

86,948 

120,818 

256.5 

228.0 



10,943 

6,110 

41.23 

26.14 

89 



298 

461 

14,421 

19,353 

36 

69 

54 

95 

52 

79 

56 

97 

60 
80 
33 
31 
7 
9 



163 

303 

4,323 

7,075 

103 

221 

3,821 

5,626 

34 

1,045 

78 

2,776 

73 

162 

5,122 

8,067 

287 

441 

54,556 

71,419 

112 

176 

2,672 

6,620 

19 

23 

253 

433 

2,033 
2,658 

320 
509 
240 
423 
309 
474 
3 



10 
170 



297 
368 

28 

164,480 

26.5 

43,509 

51,828 

146.5 

140.8 



13,845 
8,399 
99.81 
59.91 
98 
90 



248 

318 

10,289 

11,083 

43 

62 

46 

69 

35 

53 

55 

62 

48 
56 
16 
10 



94 

212 

2,350 

5,821 

94 

172 

3,513 

5,356 

7 

529 

89 

2,984 

60 

82 

2,850 

3,422 

230 

253 

18,604 

19,559 

123 

68 

3,541 

2,885 

15 
18 
319 
333 

2,362 
3,702 

270 

357 

214 

276 

255 

298 

2 

2 

50 

170 



10 

175 

5 



1,215 
1,878 

82 

2,526,720 

10.2 

258,734 

334,368 

212.9 

178.0 



11,106 

7,790 

51.82 

45.52 

86 

89 



1,072 

1,645 

53,791 

58,356 

152 

299 

151 

319 

138 

281 

251 

373 

244 
286 
105 

71 
30 

16 

1 



702 

893 

20,149 

21,404 

350 

818 

10,272 

16,774 

64 

1,057 

307 

9,215 

345 

588 

18,084 

28,082 

1,003 

1,453 

133,302 

170,385 



402 

793 

14,378 

25,473 

78 

105 

1,151 

1,667 

8,758 
13,894 

1,154 
1,790 
958 
1,460 
1,084 
1,617 



31 
195 

17 
217 

36 

507 
26 

390 



1,136 
1,553 

60 

469,760 

40.7 

191,162 

214,679 

168.3 

138.2 



12,066 
6,921 
73.86 
48.37 
96 
86 



899 

1,213 

34,795 

36,454 

178 

257 

156 

271 

126 

209 

172 

276 

202 

157 

56 

39 

9 



493 

715 

9,644 

11,879 

308 

682 

8,432 

14,014 

43 

582 

278 

7,850 

218 

401 

9,548 

16,345 

954 

1,229 

110,146 

113,604 

354 

400 

10,192 

12,461 

57 

62 

970 

756 

8,405 
9,922 

1,027 

1,459 

746 

1,048 

1,003 

1,345 

1 

1 

16 

15 



12 

115 



16 

110 



:,7 
1,120 

83 

1,633,920 

10.5 

171,285 

199,372 

202.2 

178.0 



9,536 
5,579 
45.60 
31.62 
95 
97 



802 

1,010 

20,963 

24,593 

316 

408 

216 

241 

102 

141 

72 

122 



170 
394 

3,037 

7,655 

428 

583 

29,672 

20,757 

29 

430 

412 

29,242 

124 

272 

6,638 

12,987 

609 

712 

85,714 

105,632 

227 

260 

7,593 

1A,744 

38 

25 

530 

421 

17,668 
13,004 

820 

1,086 

398 

697 

650 

848 

3 

1 

53 

20 



16 

400 



1,283 
1,477 

104 

640,000 

26.1 

166,886 

179,766 

130.1 

121.7 



15,053 
10,58* 
117.53 
87.76 
93 



1,105 

1,270 

40,855 

37,712 

254 

319 

236 

271 

171 

203 

187 

248 

171 
184 
69 
38 
16 
6 

1 
1 



546 

737 

12, 110 

18,985 

291 

485 

7,050 

9,856 

47 

370 

258 

6,680 



338 

439 

16,196 

20,547 

871 

947 

73,944 

73,066 

254 

200 

8,697 

9,731 

57 

39 

1,060 

488 

8,034 
9,869 

1,187 

1,418 

849 

1,011 

1,006 

1,139 

29 

22 

330 

96 



30 

160 



102 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 2.-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 





Item 




The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 




(For definitions and explanations 


see textl 




















Farms: 




















1 


Ml farms 




17,360 


888 


3,057 


1,200 


720 


697 


1,828 


657 


L> 




1954... 


23,368 


1,009 


3,940 


1,749 


968 


1,252 


2,132 


806 


.1 






796 


69 


52 


113 


31 


18 


98 


35 


1 




1954 . . . 


1,529 


78 


77 


213 


71 


89 


128 


81 


5 






2,711 


153 


160 


308 


101 


180 


359 


164 


6 




1954 .. . 


3,830 


200 


206 


464 


138 


358 


362 


208 


7 






1,618 


99 


141 


160 


53 


83 


214 


94 


s- 




1954... 


2,382 


110 


231 


248 


70 


169 


287 


99 


9 






2,119 


111 


320 


159 


73 


110 


256 


112 


10 




1951 . . . 


2,993 


156 


472 


237 


95 


166 


318 


147 


11 






2,703 
3,618 


125 

155 


589 
753 


162 
222 


99 
141 


81 
148 


289 

359 


104 


12 




1954... 


109 


13 


140 to 179 acres 




1,840 


89 


469 


77 


70 


62 


163 


39 


14 




1954 . . . 


2,560 


107 


610 


143 


88 


109 


204 


59 


IS 






1,429 


62 


352 


70 


44 


41 


138 


43 


If 




1954 .. . 


1,812 


63 


423 


80 


89 


60 


143 


47 


IT 






877 


41 


217 


38 


48 


24 


77 


17 


18 




1954 . . . 


1,146 


23 


319 


41 


70 


34 


90 


14 


IS 






2,299 


107 


565 


73 


140 


49 


192 


34 


20 




1954 . . 


2,548 


87 


657 


64 


145 


78 


196 


31 


■21 






763 


27 


158 


29 


44 


29 


33 


13 


22 




1151... 


754 


26 


162 


25 


42 


34 


39 


9 


23 






205 


5 


34 


11 


17 


20 


9 


2 


24 




1954... 


196 


4 


30 


12 


19 


7 


6 


2 


25 






157 


5 


23 


10 


14 


12 


7 


2 




Land in farms: 




















26 






3,081,987 


130,600 


662,841 


144,900 


162,744 


125,887 


249,366 


71,192 


27 




1951 . . . 


3,614,242 


127,478 


782,542 


175,450 


189,721 


153,348 


276,910 


77,139 


28 






3,063 
6,377 


283 

315 


178 
280 


469 
885 


107 
323 


74 
429 


351 
531 


157 


a 




1954... 


329 


30 


10 to 49 acres ... 




77,604 
106,518 


4,189 
5,532 


6,501 
6,191 


8,645 
12,091 


2,743 
3,585 


5,185 
10,336 


9,890 
9,875 


4,556 


31 




1951 . . . 


5,952 


32 






93,908 
137,554 


5,796 
6,325 


8,147 
13,336 


9,313 
14,223 


2,990 
4,046 


4,743 
9,609 


12,613 
16,755 


5,505 


33 




1954 . . . 


5,801 


34 






174, 595 
246,684 


9,053 
12,766 


26,805 
39,631 


13,050 
19,366 


5,957 
7,897 


8,959 
13,434 


21,499 
26,560 


9,055 


35 




1954... 


11,964 


36 






308,629 
411,680 


14,201 
17,427 


68,009 
86,774 


18,560 
25,019 


11,099 
16,004 


9,441 
16,580 


32,768 
40,830 


11,651 


37 




1954 . . . 


12,156 


38 






289,096 

402,331 


14,125 
16,755 


73,733 
96,155 


11,985 
22,254 


10,891 
13,612 


9,609 
16,921 


25,568 
31,813 


6,098 


39 




1954... 


9,220 


1" 






282,161 
357,058 


12,305 
12,438 


69,409 
83,278 


13,993 
15,785 


8,757 
17,428 


8,061 
11,874 


27,208 
28,248 


8,418 


41 




1954 . . . 


9,151 


is 






208,278 
272,952 


9,748 
5,392 


51,495 
75,559 


9,117 
9,816 


11,296 
16,754 


5,694 
8,253 


18,330 
21,415 


4,012 


43 




1954 . . . 


3,353 


11 






794,919 
870,924 


37,165 
29,691 


194,153 
224,376 


25,311 
21,138 


48,068 
49,863 


16,913 
26,370 


66,314 
66,164 


11,179 


IS 




IBM . . 


11,153 


46 






493,113 
481,731 


17,950 
16,087 


101,790 
103,306 


18,902 
15,811 


27,599 
26,782 


19,604 

21,180 


22,371 
24,641 


8,014 


4? 




1954 . . . 


5,502 


48 






356,621 
320,433 


5,785 
4,750 


62,621 
53,656 


15,555 
19,062 


33,237 
33,427 


37,604 
18,362 


12,454 
10,078 


2,547 


11 




1954... 


2,558 


50 






199,675 


5,785 


29,734 


12,755 


18,202 


15,055 


8,419 


2,547 




Cropland harvested: 






51 




. farms reportinp 1959 . . . 


15,195 


737 


2,871 


987 


662 


620 


1,601 


519 


52 




1954... 


20,260 


867 


3,776 


1,425 


876 


1,034 


1,784 


637 


53 




acres 1959. . . 


698,188 


32,076 


217,657 


39,576 


25,557 


14,391 


63,720 


15,181 


54 




1954... 


795,710 


31,586 


283,031 


40,680 


27,319 


19,451 


62,924 


14,508 


55 




. farms report ing 1 959 . . . 


257 


15 


23 


47 


15 


13 


31 


8 


56 




1954 . . . 


662 


24 


21 


111 


39 


42 


41 


37 


57 




acres 1959 . . . 


719 


33 


96 


109 


33 


25 


87 


32 


56 




1954 . . . 


1,919 


65 


80 


298 


129 


127 


123 


90 


59 




farms reporting 1959 . . . 


2,050 


112 


114 


223 


86 


145 


287 


116 


60 




1954 . . . 


2,914 


163 


170 


360 


115 


280 


251 


157 


61 




acres 1959. . . 


21,715 


1,153 


2,026 


2,442 


1,059 


1,228 


3,344 


1,082 


62 




1954 .. . 


28,731 


1,753 


2,732 


3,679 


1,065 


1,960 


2,753 


1,242 


63 




farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1,379 


83 


127 


135 


51 


70 


179 


76 


64 




1954 . . . 


2,015 


99 


214 


208 


61 


137 


239 


81 


65 




acres 1959.. . 


23,949 


1,482 


3,529 


2,468 


801 


843 


3,210 


1,315 


66 




1954 .. . 


33,526 


1,701 


5,361 


3,791 


1,055 


1,801 


3,914 


1,316 


67 




. farms reporting 1959. . . 

1954... 


1,904 
2,673 


92 

137 


298 

458 


149 
211 


68 
92 


100 
146 


238 

275 


89 


68 




124 


69 




acres 1959 . . . 


44,316 


2,091 


10,766 


3,804 


1,216 


1,620 


5,626 


2,036 


70 




1054 . . . 


62,753 


3,311 


17,694 


5,370 


1,808 


1,996 


6,417 


2,626 


71 




. farms reporting. 1959. . . 


2,497 


116 


562 


142 


94 


75 


273 


89 


72 




1954 . . . 


3,321 


144 


730 


199 


134 


130 


323 


93 


73 




acres 1959. . . 


82,034 


3,626 


27,314 


5,006 


2,198 


1,685 


8,653 


2,717 


74 




1954... 


106,517 


4,086 


36,706 


5,995 


3,744 


2,169 


10,253 


2,398 


75 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1,738 


84 


457 


76 


67 


59 


156 


36 


76 




1954 .. . 


2,424 


104 


601 


126 


84 


97 


194 


52 


77 




acres 1959 . . . 


73,757 


3,270 


27,357 


3,376 


2,416 


1,534 


5,908 


1,297 


78 




1954 . . . 


98,256 


4,843 


36,200 


5,426 


2,715 


2,367 


7,574 


1,780 


79 




. farms reporting 1959. . . 


1,362 


60 


337 


67 


42 


39 


137 


40 


80 




1954 . . . 


1,717 


61 


417 


73 


82 


56 


136 


40 


81 




acres 1959 . . . 


74,070 


3,432 


24,952 


3,854 


1,862 


1,093 


7,565 


1,768 


82 




1954... 


84,072 


3,185 


31,572 


3,967 


3,009 


1,161 


6,298 


1,690 


83 




. forms reporting 1959 . . . 


837 


41 


206 


36 


46 


23 


73 


17 


84 




1954 . . . 


1,125 


22 


319 


40 


67 


33 


88 


14 


85 




acres 1959 . . . 


52,690 


2,540 


17,738 


2,717 


2,385 


1,100 


4,664 


784 


86 




1954... 


65,132 


1,270 


27,514 


2,282 


2,625 


1,214 


5,616 


610 


87 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


2,228 


102 


557 


72 


135 


48 


187 


33 


88 




1954... 


2,487 


84 


654 


62 


141 


74 


194 


28 


89 




acres 1959. . . 


190,124 


9,462 


62,205 


8,013 


7,496 


1,895 


18,365 


2,411 


90 




1954... 


190,860 


6,911 


78,752 


5,805 


6,848 


2,469 


13,758 


1,722 


91 




. farms reporting 1959 .. . 


744 


27 


156 


29 


42 


29 


32 


13 


92 




1954 . . . 


732 


26 


162 


24 


42 


32 


37 


9 


93 




acres 1959 . . . 


94,467 


3,576 


30,078 


5,117 


4,202 


1,667 


4,863 


1,287 


94 




1954 . . . 


83,877 


3,676 


34,164 


2,597 


' 2,723 


2,504 


3,868 


584 


95 




. farms reporting 1959 . . 


199 


5 


34 


11 


16 


19 


8 


2 


96 




1954 . . . 


190 


3 


30 


11 


19 


7 


6 


2 


97 




acres 1959 . . . 


40,347 


1,211 


11,596 


2,670 


1,889 


1,701 


1,435 


452 


98 




' 1954 . . . 


40,067 


785 


12,256 


1,470 


1,598 


1,683 


2,350 


450 


99 




farms rennrtini, 1959 . 


152 


5 


23 


10 


13 


11 


7 


2 


100 


acres 1959... 


27,343 


1,211 


6,711 


2,384 


1,575 


896 


1,316 


452 



MAINE 



103 



County Table 2. 



-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 





Item 
(For definitions and exp 


anntions, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 




Farms: 






















1 






661 


983 


1,552 


339 


297 
368 


1,215 
1,878 


1,136 
1,553 


847 
1,120 


1,283 

1,477 






1954 . . . 


975 


1,392 


2,219 


530 


a 






23 

76 


36 
96 


62 


10 
27 


23 

28 


45 
128 


60 
106 


31 
97 


90 
131 


4 




1954 . . . 


103 


5 






138 
238 


144 
199 


182 
310 


29 
47 


27 
55 


127 
234 


162 

247 


179 
242 


298 
322 


6 




1954... 


7 






75 
124 


80 
148 


133 
190 


25 
39 


30 
30 


73 
134 


124 
188 


102 
122 




8 




1054... 


132 
193 


9 






104 

148 


108 
151 


156 
279 


31 
59 


45 
52 


104 
199 


147 
203 


116 

117 




10 




[054. 


167 
194 


11 


100 to 13(1 acres 




114 
158 


137 
190 


218 
315 


47 
73 


59 
69 


184 
297 


181 
253 


100 
170 




12 




1954 . . . 


214 
206 


13 


140 to 179 acres 




60 


108 


165 


36 


38 


172 


114 


73 
106 


105 
136 


14 




1154 . . 


83 


153 


268 


59 


42 


232 


161 


15 






48 


82 


153 


25 


24 


120 


86 
128 


52 
58 


89 
97 


16 




1954... 


61 


107 


190 


51 


32 


183 


17 


220 to 239 acres 




29 


54 


81 


22 


11 


69 
112 


62 
73 


41 
42 


46 
63 


18 




1954 . 


30 


85 


101 


28 


21 


19 






50 


163 


272 


75 


27 


223 


147 


88 


94 


20 




1954 


42 


195 


328 


87 


24 


261 


152 


104 


97 


21 






19 
13 


58 
56 


104 
115 


25 

46 


12 
12 


81 
75 


44 
37 


46 
35 


41 


22 




[954 


28 


l'.". 






1 


13 


26 


14 


1 


17 


9 


19 


7 


24 




1954... 


2 


12 


20 


14 


3 


23 


5 


27 


10 


25 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 




1 


10 


21 


13 


1 


14 


5 


13 


6 




Land in farms: 


















26 






85,879 


193,962 


336,092 


86,948 


43,509 


258,734 


191,162 


171,285 


166,886 


27 




1954 . . . 


102,526 


231,277 


397,020 


120,818 


51,828 


334,368 


214,679 


199,372 


179,766 


2h 






86 


132 


262 


26 


71 


163 


206 


146 


352 


'29 




[054... 


286 


419 


391 


102 


124 


514 


483 


410 


556 


30 






3,993 


3,838 


5,273 


755 


700 


3,633 


4,533 
6,915 


5,073 
6,695 


8,097 
8,905 


31 




1054 


6,659 


5,459 


9,049 


1,239 


1,530 


6,505 


32 


50 to 69 acres 




4,372 


4,617 


7,726 


1,480 


1,756 

1,704 


4,252 


7,209 
10,828 


5,759 
6,960 


7,630 

11,277 


33 




1954 


7,230 


8,505 


10,999 


2,283 


7,673 


34 






8,411 
12,074 


8,963 


12,915 
23,065 


2,524 
4,770 


3,610 
4,236 


8,690 
16,529 


12,099 
16,630 


9,510 
9,583 


13,495 
16,033 


35 




1954... 


12,146 


:'.i; 






12,855 


15,680 


24,783 


5,401 


6,712 


21,070 


20,724 


11,207 


24,468 








n 




] 85 1 . . 


17,711 


21,299 


36,134 


8,449 


7,823 


33,833 


29,151 


19, 196 


23,294 


:is 






9,273 


17,093 


26, 145 


5,791 


5,972 


27,109 


18,030 
25,232 


11,409 
17,607 


16,265 


■'.'.i 






12,794 


23,805 


42, 195 


9,353 


6,447 


36,932 


21,236 


■10 


180 to 219 acres 




9,476 
12,048 


15,985 


30,374 


5,042 


4,654 


23,719 


16,934 


10,284 
11,497 


17,542 


-n 




.954 


21,069 


37,370 


10,005 


6,219 


36,157 


25,221 


19,270 


L2 


220 to 259 acres 




6,849 


12,941 


19, 170 


5,113 


2,616 


16,449 
26,681 


14,668 
17,295 


9,906 
10,013 


10,874 
15,157 


ta 




1954... 


7,213 


20,274 


24,163 


6,541 


5,073 


44 






17,343 


56,401 


95,594 


26,107 


9,176 


77,336 


51,486 
51,321 


30,417 
35,448 


31,956 
33,344 


45 




1954 . . . 


14,501 


67,876 


113,253 


29,976 


7,887 


88,563 


Ifi 






11,921 


39,096 


67,724 


16,815 


7,242 


51,013 


28,714 


29,137 


25,221 


n 




1954... 


8,560 


36,485 


73,497 


30,252 


7,235 


48,901 


23,368 


22,550 


17,574 


IS 






1,300 


19,216 


46,126 


17,894 


1,000 
3,550 


25,300 
32,080 


16,559 
8,235 


48,437 
59,413 


10,986 
13,120 


49 




1954 . . . 


3,450 


13,940 


26,904 


17,848 


50 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 




1,300 


12,758 


26,519 


15,894 


1,000 


17,630 


5,835 


17,756 


8,486 




Cropland harvested: 


















Bl 






568 


868 


1,338 


298 


248 


1,072 


899 


802 


1,105 


52 




1954... 


769 


1,233 


1,942 


461 


318 


1,645 


1,213 


1,010 


1,270 


58 




acres 1 959 . . . 


18,558 


29,918 


66,440 


14,421 


10,289 


53,791 


34,795 


20,963 


40,855 


54 




1954 . . . 


17,856 


35,756 


75,048 


19,353 


11,083 


58,356 


36,454 


24,593 


37,712 


56 






10 


10 


15 


1 


7 


12 


8 


18 


24 


56 




1954... 


31 


46 


42 


13 


13 


56 


29 


50 


67 


57 




acres 1959. . . 


24 


16 


54 


1 


15 


30 


28 


72 


64 


58 




1954... 


85 


134 


129 


36 


41 


169 


92 


136 


185 


59 






103 


108 


124 


23 


19 


91 


91 


167 


241 


60 




1954 . . . 


163 


154 


234 


32 


40 


183 


158 


205 


249 


6) 




acres 1959... 


967 


1,076 


1,244 


282 


133 


1,065 


813 


1,347 


2,454 


62 




1954... 


1,417 


1,549 


2,454 


284 


449 


1,775 


1,333 


1,493 


2,793 


68 






68 


68 


111 


18 


24 


63 


94 


95 


117 


64 




1954... 


101 


125 


163 


30 


26 


110 


134 


112 


175 


65 




acres 1959... 


1,018 


1,178 


1,898 


274 


398 


1,161 


1,330 


1,001 


2,043 


66 




1954 . . . 


1,554 


1,954 


2,609 


416 


347 


1,740 


1,8% 


1,383 


2,688 


67 






96 


97 


136 


29 


42 


90 


119 


110 


151 


08 




1954 . . . 


125 


135 


249 


49 


47 


177 


159 


115 


174 


68 




acres 1959.. . 


1,770 


1,827 


2,581 


701 


875 


1,966 


2,127 


1,552 


3,758 


ro 




1954... 


2,133 


2,432 


5,238 


958 


1,090 


3,558 


2,663 


1,654 


3,805 


71 






99 


129 


197 


40 


51 


170 


158 


97 


205 


?S 




1954... 


139 


180 


275 


67 


65 


276 


214 


162 


190 


73 




acres 1959. . . 


2,891 


3,095 


5,174 


1,040 


1,694 


4,734 


4,062 


1,742 


6,203 


74 




1954 . . . 


3,300 


4,232 


7,878 


1,672 


2,087 


7,066 


5,647 


3,494 


5,790 


n 






54 


101 


150 


32 


36 


157 


102 


72 


99 


76 




1954 . . . 


75 


148 


256 


57 


40 


216 


143 


103 


128 


77 




acres 1959. . . 


2,029 


3,368 


6,333 


857 


1,190 


5,459 


4,022 


1,461 


3,880 


78 




1354... 


2,378 


4,542 


9,067 


1,646 


1,241 


6,811 


4,570 


2,172 


4,924 


79 


180 to 219 acres 




44 


78 


146 


24 


20 


111 


82 


52 


83 


60 




1954 . . . 


55 


104 


173 


46 


28 


174 


121 


56 


95 


81 




acres 1959 . . . 


2,058 


3,089 


6,484 


1,044 


986 


5,062 


4,106 


1,714 


5,001 


B2 




1954... 


2,065 


3,571 


7,860 


1,609 


1,018 


6,719 


4,586 


1,417 


4,345 


83 


220 to 259 acres 




26 


51 


74 


21 


11 


67 


60 


41 


44 


M 




1954 . . . 


29 


83 


99 


27 


21 


109 


68 


42 


64 


85 




acre? 1959. . . 


1,541 


1,863 


4,328 


779 


732 


4,280 


3,039 


1,447 


2,753 


Be 




1954 . . . 


1,382 


3,006 


5,120 


1,078 


762 


5,036 


2,782 


1,306 


3,529 


87 






49 


158 


257 


74 


26 


215 


135 


86 


94 


ss 




1954 . . . 


37 


192 


321 


82 


24 


249 


148 


103 


94 


89 




acres 1959. . . 


4,323 


8,932 


22,705 


4,795 


2,619 


15,811 


9,816 


3,297 


7,979 


90 




1954,,. 


2,466 


9,879 


22,020 


5,031 


1,658 


15,103 


8,550 


3,862 


6,026 


91 






18 


55 


102 


23 


11 


79 


42 


46 


40 


92 




1954... 


12 


54 


110 


44 


11 


73 


34 


35 


27 


93 




acres 1959 . . . 


1,702 


4,278 


11,971 


2,474 


1,247 


10,843 


4,585 


2,083 


4,494 


94 




1954 . . . 


586 


3,021 


9,559 


3,623 


1,752 


7,550 


3,482 


1,738 


2,450 


BJj 






1 
2 


13 
12 


26 
20 


13 
L4 


1 
3 


17 
22 


8 
5 


18 

27 


7 
7 


96 




1954 .. . 


97 




acres 1959... 


235 


1,196 


3,668 


2,174 


400 


3,380 


867 


5,247 


2,226 


98 




1954 . . . 


490 


1,436 


3,114 


3,000 


638 


2,829 


853 


5,938 


1,177 


99 






1 


10 


21 


12 


1 


14 


4 


12 


6 


too 




acres 1959 .. . 


235 


744 


3,190 


2,154 


400 


2,565 


293 


1,291 


1,926 



104 STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Fauns: 

All farm operators number 1959 . 

1954. 
Full owners number 1959 . 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . 

1954. 
All tenants number 1959 . 

1954 . 
Proportion of tenancy percent 1959 . 

1954 . 

Land in farms: 

Ml farm operators acres 1959 . 

1954 . . 
Full owners acres 1959 . , 

1954. . 
Part owners acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Managers acres 1959 . . 

1951.. 
All tenants acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Cropland harvested: 

Ml farm operators farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954. 

acres 1959. . 

1954.. 

Full owners farms reporting 1959 , . 

1954 . . 

acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Part owners farms renorting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

acres 1959.. 

1954.. 



Managers. . 



. farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 



17,360 
23,368 
13,988 
20,210 
2,855 
2,625 

133 
95 
384 
438 
2.2 
1.9 



3,081,987 
3,614,242 
2,215,854 
2,902,166 
771,793 
617,288 

57,437 
57,515 
36,903 
37,273 



15,195 

20,260 

698,188 

795,710 

11,979 

17,318 

446,070 

606,899 

2,805 

2,554 

227,995 

167,084 

102 

77 

12,920 

11,454 

309 

311 

11,203 

10,273 



Androscoggin 



1,009 
688 
863 
181 
153 



6 

11 

17 

1.2 

1.7 



130,600 
127,478 
81,782 
96,218 
43,951 
29,463 

3,569 
865 

1,298 
932 



737 

867 

32,076 

31,586 

543 

732 

16,350 

22,300 

180 

122 

14,868 

8,858 

6 

3 

676 

268 

8 

10 

182 

160 



3,057 
3,940 
2,488 
3,448 
442 
365 

13 
16 
114 
111 
3.7 
2.8 



662,841 
782,542 
530,695 
671,795 
118,308 
85,831 

4,938 

16,199 

8,900 

8,717 



2,871 

3,776 

217,657 

283,031 

2,319 

3,312 

165, 874 

239,606 

438 

360 

45,193 

35,327 

13 

16 

2,354 

4,027 

101 

88 

4,236 

4,071 



1,200 

1,749 

925 

1,515 

220 

180 

20 
12 
35 
42 
2.9 
2.4 



144,900 
175,450 
90, 108 
132,914 
42,136 
32,897 

9,097 
7,801 
3,559 
1,838 



987 

1,425 

39,576 

40,680 

726 

1,212 

18,506 

27,626 

217 

174 
18,014 
11,373 

15 

11 

1,888 

1,139 

29 

28 

1,168 

542 



720 
968 
509 
824 
186 
125 

5 

6 

20 

13 

2.8 

1.3 



162,744 
189,721 
94,588 
148,223 
60,107 
37,051 

6,672 
3,530 

1,377 
917 



662 

876 

25,557 

27, 319 

459 

741 

12,217 

20, 594 

183 

120 

12, 505 

6,290 

5 

4 

354 

220 

15 

11 

481 

215 



697 
1,252 

616 
1,151 

73 



13 

1.1 
1.0 



125,887 
153,348 
97,833 
130,529 
27,441 
21,876 



613 
943 



620 

1,034 

14,391 

19,451 

542 

947 

10,785 

15,193 

71 

78 

3,311 

3,917 



7 

9 

295 

341 



1,828 
2,132 
1,506 
1,805 
263 
281 

27 
10 
32 
36 
1.8 
1.7 



249,366 
276,910 
176,810 
205,915 
65,508 
59,312 

5,394 

7,230 
1,654 
4,453 



1,601 

1,784 

63,720 

62,924 

1,308 

1,470 

39,641 

41, 561 

256 

274 

21,842 

17,902 

15 

9 

1,755 

2,378 

22 

31 

482 

1,083 



657 
806 
564 
723 
74 
63 

5 

3 
14 

17 
2.1 
2.1 



71,192 
77,139 
54,240 
65,788 
13,426 
8,610 

2,166 
1,468 
1,360 
1,273 



519 

637 

15,181 

14,508 

430 

565 

9,999 

11,708 

73 

57 

4,272 

2,271 

3 

3 

589 

268 

13 

12 

321 

261 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Penobscot Piscataquis Sagadahoc 



Washington 



Farms: 

Ml farm operators number 1959 . 

1951 
Full owners number 1959 . 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 , 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . 

1954. 
All tenants number 1959 . 

1954 . 
Proportion of tenancy percent 1959 . , 

1954. 

Land in farms: 

Ml farm operators acres 1959 . . 

1954 . 
Full owners acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Pari owners acres 1959 . , 

1954 . . 

Managers acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 
All tenants acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Cropland harvested: 

All farm operators farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

acres 1959. . 

1954 . . 

Full owners farms reporting 1959.. 

1954.. 

acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Part owners farms reporting 1959 . . 

195i 
acres 1959 . . 
1954 . . 



Managers. . 



. farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 



661 
975 
544 
882 
102 
77 

4 

5 

11 

11 
1.7 
1.1 



85,879 
102,526 
62,049 
83,893 
21,134 
17,374 

1,848 
785 
848 
474 



568 

769 

18,558 

17,856 

457 

685 

10,209 

13,249 

99 

74 

7,524 

4,309 



649 
167 
8 
6 
176 
131 



983 
1,392 

767 
1,165 

188 

190 

5 

6 

23 

31 

2.3 

2.2 



193,962 
231,277 
135,080 
178,039 
54,965 
47,721 

1,323 

1,894 
2,594 
3,623 



868 

1,233 

29,918 

35,756 

659 

1,018 

17,462 

25,149 

186 

189 

11,696 

9,814 

5 

4 

276 

258 

18 

22 

484 

535 



1,552 
2,219 
1,230 
1,922 
291 
259 

5 
5 
26 
33 
1.7 
1.5 



336,092 
397,020 
239,787 
324,096 
89,981 
66, 326 

3,466 
3,334 
2,858 
3,264 



1,338 

1,942 

66,440 

75,048 

1,030 

1,663 

40,098 

55,837 

283 

252 

25,186 

18,159 



4 
447 
468 
21 
23 
709 
584 



339 
530 
253 
419 



5 
4 
4 
6 
1.2 
1.1 



86,948 
120,818 
57,034 
84,184 
25,373 
32,193 

2,925 

3,260 
1,616 
1,181 



298 

461 

14,421 

19,353 

214 

357 

7,616 

11, 591 

76 

99 

5,939 

6,720 

5 

3 

685 

800 

3 

2 

181 

242 



297 
368 
257 
322 
29 
35 

3 
3 



2.7 
2.2 



43,509 
51,828 
36,001 
40,586 
6,510 
8,846 

577 

1,480 

421 

916 



248 

318 

10,289 

11,083 

211 

275 

7,507 

8,168 

29 

34 

2,343 

2,373 

3 

3 

339 

245 

5 

6 

100 

297 



1,215 

1,878 

959 

1,548 

211 

289 

7 

5 

38 

36 

3.1 

1.9 



258,734 
334,368 
180,495 
248,067 
67,501 
77,669 

5,291 
5,060 
5,447 
3,572 



1,072 

1,645 

53,791 

58,356 

831 

1,334 

31,911 

39, 574 

206 

284 

19,777 

17,734 



5 
831 
545 
30 
22 
1,272 
503 



1,136 

1,553 

936 

1,353 

174 

154 

15 

7 

11 

39 

1.0 

2.5 



191,162 
214,679 
135,471 
173,678 
50,691 
36,412 

3,534 
1,015 
1,466 
3,574 



899 

1,213 

34,795 

36,454 

712 

1,039 

21,620 

27,602 

172 

149 

12,028 

7,900 



2 
856 
85 
7 
23 
291 
867 



847 

1,120 

760 

1,055 

76 

52 

2 
2 
9 

11 
1.1 
1.0 



171,285 
199,372 
136,879 
183,614 
30,107 
12,668 

3,096 

2,740 

1,203 

350 



802 

1,010 

20,963 

24,593 

717 

951 

15,722 

22,278 

74 

50 

4,491 

1,824 

2 

2 
566 

416 
9 
7 

184 

75 



1,283 

1,477 

986 

1,215 

268 

243 

9 

5 

20 

14 

1.6 

0.9 



166,886 

179,766 
107,002 
IX, 627 
54,654 
43,039 

3,541 

854 

1,689 

1,246 



1,105 

1,270 

40,855 

37,712 

821 

1,017 

20,553 

24,863 

262 

238 

19,006 

12,313 

9 

4 

655 

170 

13 

11 

641 

366 



MAINE 



105 



County Table ^-CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS, CENSUS OF 1959 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Androscoggin 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number . - 

Land I n farms acres . . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings average per farm, dollars , . 

average per acre, dollars. . 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total number. . 

100 or more days number . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agnculUira! products sold number . . 

3y tenure: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Specified equipment and facilities: 

Gram combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Corn pi ckers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporlinr . . 

number . . 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

1'onie freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Flect/ic milk cooler farms roporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Farm labor, week preceding enumeration: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . . 

Family workers , including operator farms reporting . . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . 

t'npaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting 

persons . . 
"egular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) . . farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Livestock and poultry on (arms: 

Cattle and calves farms reporting . 

number . . 
Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Horses and. or mules farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Chirkens, I montfis old and over farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Livestock and poultry sold: 

Caltle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Calves sold alive farms reportinc . . 

number . . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number. , 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting , . 

number . . 

Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 
Wool farms reporting. . 

pounds . . 

Specilied farm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars. . 

Machine hire , dollars . . 

Hired labor dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees dollars. 

Crops harvested: 

75 Oats farms reporting . . 

76 acres . . 

77 bushels . , 

78 Irish potatoes for home 
use or for sale farms reporting . , 

79 acres 1 , 

80 barrels . , 

81 Land from which hay was cut acres . 

82 Vegetables for sale (other than 

Irish and sweet potatoes) farms reporting. 

83 dollars. 



9,789 
2,244,621 
229.3 
19,491 
85.24 
8,550 
579,841 

3,974 
2,044 

1,762 

7,059 

2,432 

120 

177 

996 

1,000 
38 
38 
2,743 
2,786 
7,911 

12,905 
7,569 

13,629 
8,430 

10,231 
8,644 
5,878 
3,709 
3,706 

6,856 
1,677 
1,160 

9,015 
8,799 
8,618 

3,247 
4,425 
2,232 
3,883 

6,160 

171,572 

5,558 

88,060 
1,869 
4,127 
2,292 

19,610 

3,487 

4,422,086 

3,553 

21,881 

4,357 

50,565 

506 

19,793 

461 

11,930 

2,975 

54,342,474 

2,198 

49,548,743 

4,010 

31,184,433 

650 

114,637 

9,780 
88,644,582 
48,745,665 
10,559,096 
953,931 
a, 085,317 

5,083,001 
2,217,572 

2,278 

47,919 

2,309,972 



3,864 

132,605 

19,579,001 



351,367 



917 
2,072,391 



550 

100,229 

182.2 

17,990 

100.99 

467 

28,180 

188 
116 



377 

171 

2 



11 
11 
15 
15 
199 
204 
418 
675 
402 
660 
472 
550 
478 
343 
328 
328 

372 

121 
55 

530 
529 
529 

211 
271 
120 
254 

409 

12,823 

379 

7,308 
112 
215 
142 

4,586 

193 

343,130 

264 

1,334 

339 

4,710 

41 

6,617 

31 

197 

224 

4,320,346 

158 

4,213,145 

338 

2,601,365 

46 

2,884 

550 

5,455,939 

3,626,241 

864,335 

58,554 

680,377 

198,265 
28,167 

6 

50 
1,768 



116 

95 

9,870 

26,465 



61 
25,475 



2,631 
623,130 

236.8 
23,727 

97.80 

2,565 
213,749 

1,167 

504 

233 

2,154 

385 

6 

86 

736 
739 



422 

428 

2,470 

4,795 

2,445 

5,211 

2,439 

3,059 

2,323 

1,840 

361 

302 

1,845 
454 
297 

2,321 
2,233 
2,186 

609 

801 

600 

1,052 

1,408 
19,657 

1,184 

8,384 
425 
915 
781 

4,712 

983 

275,915 

534 
2,052 

586 
4,349 

190 

3,532 

79 

3,340 

235 
253,710 

416 
2,421,310 

2,141,649 

99 

24,973 

2,626 

17,195,389 

1,602,152 

342,977 

379,043 

11,138,551 

2,196,230 
1,536,436 

1,837 

42,873 

2,105,251 



2,456 

126,657 

18,663,189 



614 

93,637 

152.5 

23,955 

163.82 

511 
27,005 

189 

105 



406 
168 
24 



173 
184 
473 
744 
417 
838 
533 
666 
569 
286 
182 
202 

523 
55 
31 

578 
562 
532 

237 
327 
201 
324 

298 

9,743 

267 

4,320 

105 

233 

123 

1,029 

230 

484,940 

189 

2,336 

236 

2,637 

27 

764 

28 

786 

246 

3,796,775 

185 

5,161,840 

201 

1,733,532 

29 

4,865 

610 

6,219,918 

3,808,801 

672,343 

47,960 

1,327,479 

264,276 
99,059 

27 

282 

8,150 



39,281 



174 
403,226 



136 

63 

5,603 



124 
483,855 



315 
103,792 
329.5 
16,679 
45.56 
299 
17,314 

130 
79 



190 

119 
6 



12 
12 
1 
1 
124 
124 
253 
411 
229 
382 
251 
318 
297 
171 
186 
177 

216 
69 
30 

295 

288 
288 

140 
186 
82 
129 

270 

7,963 

252 

3,792 

101 

197 

79 

180 

130 

56,303 

170 

897 

235 

2,425 

10 

25 

16 

451 

93 

1,347,712 

84 

780,615 

190 

1,184,599 

19 

4,376 

315 

1,974,274 

1,259,846 

257,368 

24,340 

317,180 

101,716 
13,824 

6 
35 



83 
30 
939 



59 
118,599 



190 

71,310 

375.3 

19,108 

55.61 

163 

9,364 

84 
23 



133 
47 



44 
44 
145 
222 
112 
166 
141 
174 
178 
104 
63 
63 

143 
20 
26 

154 
151 
150 

42 
51 
49 
93 

75 
2,562 

74 

1,483 

56 

105 

18 

27 

67 

186,104 

48 

217 

63 

766 

1 

7 

12 

740 

58 

1,387,590 

48 

2,045,225 

67 

539,061 

17 

7,727 

190 

2,378,171 

1,520,900 

247,561 

20,969 

425,458 

155,519 
7,764 



24 

20 

1,500 

6,803 



7 
800 



944 

181,845 

192.6 

21,164 

110.84 

784 

53,657 

291 
185 



574 

328 

27 

15 

32 
32 



376 
377 
681 

1,022 
716 

1,152 
785 
896 
881 
570 
531 
525 

650 
181 
101 

868 
851 
821 

339 
493 
205 
404 

693 

23,579 

656 

12,006 

118 

470 

206 

2,754 

227 

486,430 

417 

2,910 

547 

6,684 

37 

2,930 

47 

820 

352 

10,384,630 

167 

6,260,928 

551 

4,569,290 

52 

9,424 

944 
11,652,818 
7,773,799 
1,763,560 
44,450 
1,403,251 

480,114 
187,644 

47 

348 

16,480 



174 

285 

29,625 

50,238 



91 
160,545 



373 

41,629 

111.6 

16,536 

156.23 

258 

9,407 

165 
120 



302 
56 
15 



11 
16 
272 
340 
167 
218 
308 
348 
318 
228 
55 
50 

246 
55 
62 

353 
333 
333 

131 

141 

62 

92 

122 

2,042 

102 

1,103 

35 

45 

97 

199 

176 

614,135 

46 
266 

66 

512 

5 

515 

15 

150 

258 

3,024,650 

177 

5,740,040 

71 

381,683 

25 

3,145 

373 

4,774,815 

3,519,689 

680,450 

48,925 

429,725 

92,891 
3,135 



25 
(Z) 

110 

5,930 



12 
2,500 



1 Reported in small fractions. 

l Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



106 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table ^-CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Piscataquis 



Sagadahoc 



Washington 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number . 

Land in farms acres . 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildings average per farm, dollars . 

average per acre, dollars . 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres. 

Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total number. 

100 or more days number . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold number . 

3y tenure: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Specified equipment and facilities: 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting . 

number . 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Automobiles farms reporting . . 

n umber . . 

Telephone farms reporting . , 

I'ome freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting . , 

Flectric milk cooler farms reporting. , 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Farm labor, week preceding enumeration: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . , 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . . 

persons . , 
Pegular hired workers (employed 150 or more days). . farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Livestock and poultry on farms: 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Chickens, 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Livestock and poultry sold* 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Calves sold alive farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive fams reporting. . 

number . . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms re[iorting. . 

number . . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Wool farms reporting . , 

pounds . . 

Specified farm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures - farms reporting. . 

dollars , . 

Feed fur livestock ar.J poultry dollars. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars . . 

Machine hire dollars. . 

Hired labor dollars . , 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees dollars . , 

Crops harvested: 

Oats farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Irish potatoes for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . 

acres 1 . 
barrels . . 

Land from which hay was cut ac res . . 

Vegetables for sale (other than 

Irish and sweet potatoes) farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 



332 

51,690 
155.7 
17,466 
128.63 
286 
13,300 

155 
90 



91 
92 
242 
300 
206 
298 
281 
306 
266 
190 
101 
101 

232 

40 
60 

307 
306 
281 

176 

256 

72 

142 

201 

4,479 

166 

2,102 

45 

90 

90 

205 

166 

213,885 

111 

703 

121 

1,092 

5 

5 

15 

20 

171 

2,628,680 

136 

2,346,530 

101 

707,925 

25 

1,635 

332 

2,886,029 

1,986,550 

516,100 

27,738 

274,955 

75,764 
4,922 

1 

31 

600 



110 

44 

1,070 

11,025 



20 
10,625 



475 
130,758 
275.3 
16,733 
61.73 
420 
22,256 

242 
92 



316 
154 



147 
148 
390 
615 
398 
634 
399 
489 
425 
284 
265 
275 

293 

107 

75 

469 
463 

458 

164 
245 
107 
146 

352 

10, 580 

334 

5,705 

136 

256 

131 

838 

227 

235,808 

235 

1,552 

284 

3,842 

39 

1,113 

36 

593 

169 

1,265,745 

144 

3,843,710 

275 

2,312,329 

42 

7,045 

475 

3,815,359 

2,282,202 

511,710 

41,954 

768,334 

167,664 
43,495 

1 

8 

200 



177 
145 

15,673 

17,953 



104 
207,785 



800 

227,616 

284.5 

17,155 

65.29 

668 

52,632 

337 
183 



526 
269 



95 

96 

7 

7 

357 

357 

611 

975 

673 

1,167 

722 

900 

715 

474 

4B5 

485 

562 
98 
136 

748 
735 
724 

275 
371 
216 

332 

609 

24,309 

583 

13,049 

156 

288 

157 

1,086 

272 

134,595 

470 

2,797 

541 

6,770 

32 

602 

38 

1,758 

235 

4,805,675 

149 

1,268,702 

544 

5,149,775 

60 

14,416 

800 

6,567,987 

3,771,906 

938,133 

78,445 

1,276,662 

376,101 
126,740 

110 

1,684 

71,260 



119 

3,650 

632,446 



61 
146,011 



185 

61,645 

333.2 

12,748 

38.03 

174 

10,925 

59 
18 



135 
49 

1 



57 
58 
154 
220 
129 
207 
140 
160 
146 
116 
107 
100 

88 
68 
27 

174 
168 
168 

50 
57 
30 
50 

145 

4,169 

130 

2,256 

60 

125 

50 

157 

69 

69,580 

103 

463 

118 

1,063 

11 
159 

13 
347 

54 
816,686 

37 

494,290 

101 

750,459 

13 

2,928 

185 
1,224,102 
844,874 
116,850 
15,024 
157,850 

83,106 
6,398 

32 

385 

19,800 



48 

765 

113,039 



5 
480 



149 

26,302 

176.5 

17,567 

98.46 

122 

7,948 

50 
30 



112 
25 

i: 



56 

6: 

112 
153 
108 
232 
119 
139 
133 
78 
56 
71 

108 

36 

5 

144 
143 
143 

50 
70 
27 
99 

91 
3,225 

86 
1,750 

35 
125 

20 
1,010 

50 
21,025 

76 
405 

56 
841 

15 
470 

20 
225 

64 
2,062,100 

27 
119,100 

66 
512,950 

25 
2,615 

149 

1,874,045 

1,283,530 

236,915 

13,300 

266,470 

61,140 
12,690 

11 

198 

9,680 



21 

(Z) 
100 

7,072 



6 
182,500 



661 

184,088 

278.5 

14,719 

53.29 

579 

46,115 

295 
154 



387 
242 



38 
38 
15 
15 
280 
286 
533 
794 
549 
900 
530 
643 
557 
403 
414 
402 

419 

158 

77 

640 
624 
623 

255 
372 
134 
259 

523 

21,615 

485 

11,173 

138 

409 

153 

1,608 

216 

200,580 

376 

3,027 

459 

7,208 

46 

2,089 

49 

1,278 

151 

2,907,480 

114 

2,020,935 

423 

3,820,373 

74 

15,028 

661 

5,936,890 

3,828,807 

937,255 

50,845 

763,899 

291,036 
65,048 



141 
1,445 
58,185 



124 
255 

31,547 

41 , 632 



90 
275, 575 



704 

142,831 

202.9 

15,245 

74.19 

529 

25,591 

274 
117 



580 
106 

13 
5 



210 
210 
491 
667 
466 
668 
576 
659 
602 
379 
278 
303 

471 
125 
97 

648 
634 
624 

230 
316 
130 
221 

465 

11,710 

424 

6,351 

153 

273 

125 

434 

181 

510,000 

247 

1,436 

344 

3,235 

31 

430 

33 

397 

395 

11,783,515 

136 

6,540,268 

310 

2,080,108 

75 

5,945 

704 

9,908,543 

7,172,791 

1,742,847 

28,935 

706,077 

245,933 
11,960 



100 
2,300 



92 

315 

41,360 



12 
6,650 



291 
109, 364 
375.8 
17,068 
46.35 
265 
16,046 

120 
80 



240 
50 

1 



12 
12 



35 

35 

221 

320 

133 

226 

249 

306 

236 

130 

53 

63 

234 
25 
31 

211 
210 

199 

80 

103 

52 

92 

122 

2,430 

106 

1,473 

67 

89 

26 

212 

101 

221,396 

49 
186 

68 

846 

5 

140 

22 
635 

45 
284,025 

61 

2,118,275 

60 

504,515 

32 

5,990 

291 

1,502,742 

797,470 

129,945 

18,849 

450,758 

73,570 
32,150 

32 
320 

10,100 



79 

255 

31 , 630 



31 
11,850 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



MAINE 



107 



County Table 5.-FARMS REPORTING BY OFF-FARM WORK; AND FARMS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR, TYPE OF FARM 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, AND VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD. BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 ' 

[Most data for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Soe textj 



(For definition* and explanations, see text) 



Estimated number of farms . 



1959. 

1954. 

Farm operators by age: 

Operators reporting aire number 1959 . 

Under 25 years number 1959 . 

25 to 34 years number 1959 . 

35 to 44 years number 1959 . 

45 to 54 years number 1959 . 

55 to 64 years number 1959 . 

65 or more years. number 1959 . 

Average age years 1959 . 

OH-farm work and other income: 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms operators reporting 1959. 

1954. 

100 or more days operators reporting 1959 . 

1954- 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of farm products sold operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

Farms by tenure of operator- 
Full owners number 1959 . 

1054 

Part owners number 1959 , 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . 

1954. 
Ml tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Cash tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Share-cash tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Crop-9hare tenants number 1959. 

1954. 

Live- lock-share tenants number 1959 , 

1954. 

fHhot and unspecified tenants number 1959. 

1954. 

Farms by type of farm: 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable and fruil-and-nut . . numlier 1959. 

Cash-grain number 1959. 

Tobacco number 1959. 

Cotton number 1959. 

Other field-crop number 1 959 . 

Vegetable farms number 1959 . 

Fruit-and-nul farms number 1959 . 

Poultry farms number 1959 . 

Dairy farms number 1959 . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number 1959. 

1. ivsslock ranches number 1959 . 

General farms number 1959 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number 1959. 

Farms by economic class: 

Commercial farms number 1959 . 

Class I number 1959 . 

Class [1 number 1959 . 

Class m number 1959 . 

Class IV number 1959 . 

Class V number 1959 . 

CIbss VI number 1959 . 

Otiier farms number 1959 

Part-time number 1959. 

Part-retirement number 1959. 

Abnormal number 1959 . 

Value of products sold by source 

All farm products sold total, dollars 1959. 

1954. 

average per farm, dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

All crops sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 
Field crops, other than vegetables 

and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 1959. 

1954. 

Vegetables sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 
Forest products and horticultural 

specialty products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

Dairy products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 
Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 1959 ■ 

1954. 



17,341 
23,376 

17,231 
184 
1,741 
3,570 
4,326 
3,889 
3,521 
52.0 



9,723 
13,713 
7,190 
9,790 



8,663 
9,692 



13,758 

20,210 

3,066 

2,625 

159 

95 

358 

438 

160 

162 

6 

7 

20 

10 

10 

7 

162 

252 



2,478 
21 



2,457 

162 

407 

2,242 

3,257 

339 

259 
8,197 



9,789 
939 
1,825 
2,533 
2,099 
1,714 
679 

7,552 

5,298 

2,221 

33 



171,318,324 

139,541,249 

9,879 

5,969 

70,482,091 

68,830,333 

54,347,528 
56,036,683 
2,501,374 
2,404,464 
5,726,695 
3,885,763 

7,906,494 
6,503,223 

100,836,233 
70,710,916 
61,683,684 
41,123,496 
32,089,797 
24,339,434 

7,062,752 
5,247,986 



Androscoggin 



910 
1,006 



7 
85 

1B1 
226 
188 
193 
52.6 



481 
571 
357 
471 



444 
337 



697 
863 
201 
123 



5 

12 

169 

272 



31 
390 



550 
43 
91 
175 
111 
75 
55 

360 
255 
105 



8,791,544 

5,616,521 

9,661 

5,583 

1,521,572 

666, 332 

199,320 
170,618 
60,329 
74,704 
657,705 
210,909 

604,213 
210,101 

7,269,972 
4,950,189 
4,068,611 
2,867,124 
2,628,335 
1,808,463 

573,026 
274,602 



3,061 
3,940 

3,023 
50 
359 
692 
847 
694 
381 
49.3 



1,469 

1,621 

799 

670 



631 
527 



2,549 

3,448 

405 

365 

6 
16 

101 
111 
55 
45 
1 
3 



2,350 



2,340 



32 

193 



5 
461 



2,631 
379 
769 
858 
375 
215 
35 

430 
305 
125 



54,931,610 
56,390,357 
17,946 
14,312 
50,453,423 
52,427,740 

49,455,568 

51,415,366 

420,012 

359,571 

16,760 

9,340 

561,083 
643,463 

4,478,187 
3,962,617 
1,493,787 
1,056,697 
2,163,169 
1,989,257 

821,231 
916, 663 



1,259 
1,767 

1,194 

11 

98 

239 

304 

276 

266 

53.1 



694 

1,039 

569 

843 



677 
816 



957 

1,515 

253 

180 

29 
12 

20 
42 

10 
19 



65 
32 

217 
154 



42 

698 



614 
51 
136 
117 
115 
130 
65 

645 

450 

190 

5 



10,491,766 
7,723,110 
8,333 
4,371 
2,336,229 
1,986,331 

294,143 
150,634 
675,424 
600,426 
503,381 
429,802 

863,281 
805,469 

8,155,537 
5,736,779 
5,506,405 
3,674,749 
1,977,762 
1,679,768 

671,370 
382,262 



722 
946 

719 
11 
67 
146 
194 
159 
142 
51.9 



443 
656 
338 
488 



440 
530 



520 
824 
185 
125 

7 
6 
10 
13 
5 
5 



5 

15 

40 

160 



2 
479 



315 
10 
28 
75 
73 

102 
27 

407 
311 
96 



3,550,580 

2,394,738 

4,913 

2,531 

934,096 

676,842 

78,827 
52,880 
70,959 
107,616 
190,488 
145,271 

593,822 
371,075 

2,616,484 
1,717,896 
1,142,766 
380,645 
1,205,534 
1,090,473 

268,184 
246,778 



-718 
1,202 

694 

1 

49 

112 

150 

192 

190 

55.5 



449 
841 
347 
689 



457 
680 



626 

1,151 

72 



10 
555 



190 
19 
40 
31 
46 
33 
21 

528 
365 
163 



3,521,636 

2,688,287 

4,905 

2,237 

886, 133 

901,804 

43,444 
29,549 
18,433 
16,571 
443,729 
507, 148 

380,527 
348,536 

2,635,503 

1,786,483 

2,015,900 

1,308,724 

511,526 

411,095 

108,077 

66,664 



1,830 
2,146 

1,806 

17 

177 

390 

464 

383 

J75 

52.0 



1,038 

1,397 

890 

1,095 



1,082 
1,051 



1,415 

1,805 

353 

281 

32 
10 
30 
36 
15 
13 



20 

11 

270 

479 



31 
958 



944 
83 
151 
193 
280 
182 
55 

886 

630 

246 

10 



17,492,235 
10,134,482 
9,559 
4,722 
1,600,880 
1,007,893 

395,864 
267,227 
124,063 
91,437 
619, 235 
353,338 

461,718 
295,891 

15,891,355 
9,126,589 
10,256,798 
5,631,600 
4,735,760 
2,996,267 
898,797 
498,722 



6,356,377 

4,494,936 

9,947 

5,605 

737,000 

647,864 

74,898 
39, 149 
15,850 
17,645 
424,443 
393,281 

221,809 
197,789 

5,619,377 

3,847,072 

5,026,353 

3,267,980 

457,115 

482,497 

135,909 

96, 595 



108 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 5.-FARMS REPORTING BY OFF-FARM WORK; AND FARMS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR, TYPE OF FARM, 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, AND VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD. BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Con. 

(Most data for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Soe text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Piscataquis 



Sagadahoc 



Washington 



Estimated number of farms 1959 . 

1954. 

Farm operators by age: 

Operators reporting age number 1959 . 

Under 25 years number 1959 . 

25 to 34 years number 1959. 

35 to 44 years number 1959 . 

45 to 54 years number 1959 . 

55 to 64 years number 1959 . 

65 or more years number 1959 

Average age years 1959 . 

Off-farm work and other income: 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

100 or more days operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of farm products 3old operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

Farms by tenure of operator: 
Full owners number 1959. 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . . 

1954. 
Mi tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Cash tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Share-cash tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Crop-share tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 

Livestock-share tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Other and unspecifi'*! tenants number 1959. 

1954. 

Farms by type of (arm: 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable and fruit-and-nut . . number 1959. 

Cash-grain number 1959. 

Tobacco number 1959 . 

Cotton number 1959. 

fHheT field-crop number 1959 . 

Vegetable farms number 1959 . 

Fruit-and-nut farms number 1959 . 

Poultry farms number 1959 . 

Dairy farms number 1959 . 

Livestock farms other than poullry and dairy farms number 1959. 

Livestock ranches number 1959 . 

General farms number 1959 . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number 1959. 

Farms by economic class: 

Commercial farns number 1959 . 

Class I number 1959. 

Class It number 1959 . 

Class III number 1959 . 

Class IV number 1959 . 

Class V number 1959 . 

Class VI number 1959 . 

Other farms number 1959 . . 

Part-lime number 1959.. 

Part-retirement number 1959 . 

Abnormal number 1959 . , 

Value of products sold by source: 

All farm products sold total, dollars 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

average per farm, dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

'AH crops sold ■ dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Field crops, other than vegetables 

and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Vegetables sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Forest products and horticultural 

specialty products sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 1959. . 

1954.. 

Poullry and poultry products sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Dairy products sold dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 1959. . 

1954.. 



657 
972 



655 

8 

66 

124 

160 

136 

159 

53.0 



399 
652 
316 

505 



428 
525 



521 

682 

125 

77 

11 

5 



35 

171 
86 



15 
335 



332 
16 
41 
65 
65 
85 
60 

325 
215 

105 
5 



4,162,756 

2,887,127 

6,336 

2,970 

408,555 

260,444 

65,405 
53,134 
55,910 
14,692 
165,996 
98,855 

121,244 
93,763 

3,754,203 
2,626,683 
2,822,040 
2,019,879 
723,985 
484,338 

208,178 
122,466 



971 
1,386 



979 
17 
94 
199 
229 
211 
229 
52.6 



617 
969 
446 
715 



570 
629 



732 

1,165 

199 

190 

10 
6 

30 

31 
5 

12 



26 
30 
119 
208 



5 
568 



475 
20 
68 
140 
102 
115 
30 

496 

291 

195 

10 



7,375,900 
4,905,698 
7,596 
3,539 
2,101,039 
1,436,936 

180,278 
160,909 
191,076 
133,529 
537,529 
163,904 

1,192,156 
978,594 

5,274,861 
3,468,762 
2,454,166 
1,533,924 
2,348,154 
1,592,019 

472,541 
342,819 



1,520 
2,224 



1,538 
11 
150 
322 
397 
335 
323 
52.2 



870 

1,255 

631 

928 



715 
849 



1,155 

1,922 

349 

259 

1 
5 
15 
33 
5 
,7 



170 
460 



36 
754 



800 
81 
94 
203 
212 
160 
50 

720 
539 

180 
1 



13,674,333 
10,813,818 
8,996 
4,862 
3,089,940 
3,083,261 

2,027,862 
2,089,397 
219,693 
264,419 
178,494 
95,229 

663,891 
634,216 

10,584,393 
7,730,557 
4,435,262 
3,203,421 
5,295,004 
3,750,130 

854,127 
777,006 



336 
532 



339 
1 
39 
70 
79 
86 
64 
52.1 



202 
307 
145 
188 



195 
195 



265 

419 

69 

101 



33 

100 



10 

160 



185 
10 
10 
42 
53 
50 
20 

151 
116 

35 



2,287,740 

2,270,706 

6,809 

4,266 

631,471 

892,594 

363,943 

491,614 

14,270 

132,952 

39,771 

30,754 

213,487 

237,274 

1,656,269 
1,378,112 
772,233 
415,922 
756,309 
819,748 

127,727 
142,442 



294 
369 



295 
4 
27 
70 
54 
67 
73 
52.6 



171 
161 
149 
115 



192 
150 



242 

322 

35 

35 

11 
3 



5 
160 



149 
13 
16 
30 
30 
30 
30 

145 
120 
25 



2,256,920 

1,428,484 

7,677 

3,871 

351,022 

295,187 

41,374 

16,135 

203,426 

217,416 

11,259 

5,220 

94,963 
56,416 

1,905,898 

1,133,297 

1,246,462 

613,005 

513,725 

444,434 

145,711 
75,858 



1,205 
1,893 

1,208 
13 
147 
242 
321 
267 
218 
51.1 



676 

1,190 

465 

862 



595 
981 



849 

1,548 

283 

289 



20 

15 

118 

407 



15 
604 



661 
41 
93 
140 
186 
151 
50 

544 
432 

111 



9,726,775 
6,990,907 
8,072 
3,693 
1,193,957 
1,038,804 

392,359 
337,384 
166,672 
182,095 
104,138 
68,902 

510,788 
450,423 

8,532,818 
5,952,103 
3,808,424 
2,553,033 
3,887,421 
2,889,934 

836,973 
509,136 



1,119 
1,598 



1,127 
12 
135 
261 
270 
234 
215 
50.9 



592 

1,006 

386 

619 



477 
714 



955 
1,353 

131 
154 

23 

7 

10 

39 

5 

6 



20 
344 
257 



15 
447 



704 
77 
117 
210 
150 
95 
55 

415 
275 
140 



15,050,193 

12,572,118 

13,450 

7,867 

1,086,609 

1,283,531 

355,830 
511,870 
135,553 
91,295 
202,033 
292,263 

393,193 
388,103 

13,963,584 
11,288,587 
11,411,072 
9,469,312 
2,138,493 
1,555,092 

414,019 
264,163 



638 
,113 



842 

7 

67 

133 

182 

214 

239 

55.2 



526 
768 
431 
573 



584 
759 



751 

1,055 

81 

52 

1 

2 

5 

11 



5 

111 

39 

57 



5 
605 



291 

7 
17 
49 
51 
106 
61 

547 
337 

210 



3,298,487 
2,340,438 
3,936 
2,103 
1,534,291 
1,376,294 

179,042 
149,306 
20,876 
29,866 
784,376 
821,269 

549 ,997 
375,653 

1,764,196 
964,144 

1,138,937 
425,148 
527,210 
431,812 

98,049 
107,184 



MAINE 



109 



County Table 6.-EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES ON FARMS AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

| All data except residence of operator are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Estimated number of farms. . 



SPECIFIED EOUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 

Grain combines farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

number 1959. 

1954 . , 

Com pickers farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . . 

number 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Pick-up balers farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

number 195(1 . . 

1954 . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

number 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

number 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Tractors farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

number 1959. . 

1954.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting 1959 . . 

number 1959 . . 

1 tractor farms reporting 1959 . . 

2 or more tractors farms reporting 1959 . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

number 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

number 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Garden tractors farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

number 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

number 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Telephone farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Home freerer farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Milking machine farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting 1959. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting 1959 . . 

Power -operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting 1959 . . 

Farms by kind ot road on wtiich located: 

Hard surface farms reporting 1959 . . 

1950 . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting 1959 . . 

1950.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting 1959 . . 

1950.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting 1959 . . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting 1959 . . 

1 to 4 miles farms reporting 1959 . . 

5 or more miles farms reporting 1959 . . 

DATE OF ENUUfF.RATION 

Approximate averago dale of enumeration 1959. . 

FARM LABOR, WEFK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 1 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

persons 1959. . 

1954.. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

1 to 14 hours persons 1959 . . 

15 or more hours persons 1959 . . 

I'npnid members of operator's family 

working 15 cr more hours farms reporting 1959 . . 

persons 1959 . . 

Hired workers farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

persons 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Regular workers (employed 150 or more days) . . . farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
persons 1959 . . 
1954 . . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting 1959 . . 

2 or more hired workers farms reporting 1959 . . 

FARM OPERATOR RESIDENCE 

Residing on rami operated operators reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Not residing on farm operated operators reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 



17,341 
23,376 



1,058 

1,107 

1,062 

1,116 

48 

13 

48 

13 

3,089 

1,795 

3,137 

1,828 

805 

468 

837 

473 

11,617 

13,550 

17,312 

18,287 

T2, 222 
13,421 
20,499 
18,938 
11,086 
17,817 
6,597 
4,489 

10,766 

12,032 

16,313 

16,084 

1,348 

668 

1,504 

716 

2,552 

2,051 

2,682 

2,138 

14,364 
17,616 
17,217 
21,792 

14,276 
16,991 
9,137 
8,210 
4,307 
5,091 
4,325 
273 
3,536 



12,064 
17,869 
2,744 
3,557 
2,350 
7,588 
1,225 
1,125 
1,064 
61 



11/1-11/7 



14,760 
20,794 
20,440 
30,007 
14,254 
20,299 
4,179 
10,075 

4,712 
6,186 

3,319 

5,849 

8,988 

45,839 

2,340 
2,788 
4,037 
5,324 



1,536 

804 



16,022 

21,992 

795 

998 



Androscoggin 



910 


3,061 


1,006 


3,940 


16 


761 


35 


782 


16 


764 


35 


790 


15 




15 




224 


442 


103 


343 


229 


448 


103 


368 


73 


38 


46 


46 


79 


38 


51 


46 


568 


2,730 


516 


3,360 


840 


5,145 


698 


5,420 


668 


2,730 


561 


3,395 


1,091 


5,649 


760 


5,775 


582 


2,695 


855 


5,576 


370 


925 


212 


1,770 


572 


2,679 


466 


3,370 


797 


5,200 


587 


5,536 


58 


337 


22 


170 


58 


376 


22 


188 


215 


60 


146 


51 


236 


73 


151 


51 


777 


2,784 


754 


3,399 


950 


3,434 


930 


4,509 


738 


2,658 


821 


3,211 


468 


2,060 


309 


2,277 


378 


371 


305 


534 


363 


312 


42 


26 


263 


518 


607 


2,180 


907 


2,686 


171 


489 


225 


544 


130 


352 


371 


1,191 


55 


161 


75 


191 


75 


175 




16 


-11/7 


10/25-10/31 


859 


2,543 


855 


3,660 


1,155 


3,352 


1,285 


6,309 


834 


2,466 


820 


3,605 


246 


490 


588 


1,976 


256 


689 


321 


886 


185 


874 


165 


2,749 


420 


3,567 


552 


35,458 


120 


600 


104 


1,040 


254 


1,052 


295 


1,990 


87 


354 


33 


246 


847 


2,588 


954 


3,535 


26 


265 


15 


356 



1,259 
1,767 



198 
136 
214 
137 

42 

47 

44 

47 

803 

976 

1,114 

1,321 

882 
1,012 
1,615 
1,480 

757 
1,238 

482 

275 

732 

835 

1,146 

1,107 

72 

33 

92 

43 

336 

295 

377 

330 

1,023 

1,280 

1,261 

1,538 

1,104 

1,362 

561 

578 

207 

412 

232 

21 

219 



1,008 

1,531 

120 

135 

121 

517 

85 

36 

36 



11/1-11/7 



1,062 
1,516 
1,534 
2,238 
1,027 
1,471 
322 
705 

372 
507 

328 
389 
752 
1,399 
221 
239 
359 
388 

149 
72 



1,137 

1,625 

38 



722 
946 



13 
6 

13 
6 
1 
1 
1 
I 
141 

36 
141 

36 

46 
24 
48 
24 
415 
442 
579 
521 

417 
502 
702 
590 
366 
567 
220 
146 

357 

435 

473 

477 

73 

30 

94 

32 

128 

81 

135 

81 

552 
723 
650 
893 

628 
714 
303 
231 
236 
213 
227 
2 
142 

462 

624 

174 

201 

86 

275 

30 

56 

56 



10/25-10/31 



634 
848 
925 
1,214 
624 
833 
248 
376 

240 
301 

109 

135 

253 

549 

83 

59 

131 

87 

56 
27 



676 

909 

27 

52 



718 
1,202 



54 
6 

54 
6 

16 

16 

16 

16 

366 

490 

498 

550 

374 
340 
505 
380 
272 
356 
204 
68 

242 

222 

282 

243 

66 

18 

74 

20 

149 

117 

149 

117 

499 
844 
598 
939 

581 

795 

319 

327 

88 

53 

68 

1 

70 



546 

956 

50 

45 

116 

210 

76 

40 

40 



11/1-11/7 



521 
908 
601 
1,045 
500 
863 
233 
267 

87 
101 

92 
148 
183 
314 
64 
91 
108 
139 

42 
22 



646 

1,144 

48 

93 



1,830 
2,146 



1 
421 
205 
422 
211 

96 

68 

97 

68 

1,072 

995 

1,553 

1,293 

1,297 
1,206 
2,015 
1,644 
1,161 
1,677 
792 
369 

1,140 

1,041 

1,583 

1,327 

85 

65 

94 

66 

328 

251 

338 

251 

1,516 
1,600 
1,777 
2,024 

1,601 
1,706 
975 
699 
586 
580 
605 
61 
442 



1,246 
1,545 
356 
516 
216 
596 
100 
116 
116 



11/1-11/7 



1,467 
1,956 
2,145 
2,858 
1,417 
1,906 
372 
1,045 

524 
728 

291 
379 
829 
1,451 
225 
204 
434 
430 

135 
90 



1,721 

2,022 

59 

54 



11/1-11/7 



1 For 1954, data relate to week of September 26-0ctober 2. 



110 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 6.-EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES ON FARMS AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Con. 





[\ll data except residence of operator are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lextj 












Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 




657 


971 


1,520 


336 


294 


1,205 


1,119 


838 


1,262 


2 


1954 . . . 
SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 


972 


1,386 


2,224 


532 


369 


1,893 


1,598 


1,113 


1,480 


3 




1 




110 


18 




39 


10 


17 


7 


4 


1954 . . . 


1 


16 


91 


10 




32 


51 


8 


9 


5 


number 1959 . . . 


1 




111 


18 




39 


10 


17 


7 


6 


1954 .. . 


1 


16 


91 


10 




33 


51 


8 


9 


7 








12 






15 








8 


1954 . . . 




2 


6 


1 


• • • 


1 






1 


9 


number 1959 . . . 






12 






15 








10 


1954 . . . 




2 


6 


1 




1 






i 


11 




106 
56 


167 
73 


408 
222 


72 
37 


61 

48 


301 
170 


225 
155 


'46 

30 


212 


12 


1954 . . . 


143 


13 


number 1959 .. . 


107 


168 


408 


73 


66 


307 


225 


40 


213 


14 


1954... 


56 


73 


222 


37 


48 


170 


156 


30 


143 


15 




36 


47 


156 


19 


11 


101 


33 


3 


72 


16 


1954... 


11 


8 


77 


4 


1 


46 


42 




27 


17 


number 1959 . . . 


41 


52 


156 


20 


11 


108 


34 


4 


73 


18 


1954 .. . 


11 


8 


77 


4 


1 


46 


42 




27 


19 




412 
477 


711 
779 


949 
1,228 


214 
315 


182 
199 


822 
1,022 


666 
936 


492 
489 


822 


20 


1954 . . . 


864 


21 


number 1959. . . 


495 


1,017 


1,334" 


285 


228 


1,131 


897 


608 


1,114 


22 


1954 . . . 


554 


1,004 


1,629 


384 


264 


1,283 


1,145 


608 


1,081 


23 




456 


728 


1,097 


215 


218 


907 


701 


317 


907 


24 


1954 . . . 


417 


793 


1,273 


256 


244 


1,011 


896 


275 


863 


25 


number 1959 . . . 


643 


1,153 


1,737 


338 


384 


1,402 


1,033 


436 


1,369 


26 


1954... 


509 


1,005 


i~726 


334 


327 


1,269 


1,169 


298 


1,215 


27 




371 


66S 


1,032 


205 


188 


852 


641 


262 


771 


28 


number 1959. . . 


483 


984 


1,566 


294 


317 


1,241 


883 


367 


1,084 


29 




285 


436 


650 


144 


136 


575 


442 


192 


528 


30 




86 


232 


382 


61 


52 


277 


199 


70 


243 


31 




366 
317 


613 
693 


1,000 
1,188 


193 
226 


173 
203 


820 
953 


626 
801 


254 
242 


751 


32 


1954 . . . 


743 


99 


number 1959. . . 


463 


812 


1,421 


261 


285 


1,115 


819 


337 


1,022 


34 


1954... 


338 


783 


1,531 


292 


232 


1,104 


989 


259 


949 


35 


Crawler tractors farms reporting 1959 .. . 


20 


142 


145 


31 


32 


115 


58 


25 


62 


36 


1954 . . . 


31 


84 


40 


31 


12 


43 


34 


5 


39 


37 


number 1959. . . 


20 


172 


145 


33 


32 


126 


64 


30 


62 


38 


1954 .. . 


31 


85 


42 


31 


17 


43 


36 


7 


41 


39 




150 


169 


163 


44 


67 


156 


150 


64 


275 


40 


1954 . . . 


125 


122 


153 


11 


72 


122 


144 


32 


219 


41 


number 1959 . . . 


160 


169 


171 


44 


67 


161 


150 


69 


285 


42 


1954... 


140 


137 


153 


11 


78 


122 


144 


32 


225 


43 




556 


795 


1,304 


270 


244 


928 


896 


644 


1,082 


44 


1954... 


761 


1,038 


1,552 


375 


249 


1,411 


1,216 


748 


1,159 


45 


number 1959. . . 


631 


970 


1,552 


310 


279 


1,102 


1,019 


728 


1,392 


46 


1954... 


861 


1,259 


1,975 


475 


319 


1,671 


1,408 


842 


1,577 


47 




511 


791 


1,204 


262 


258 


891 


907 


566 


1,067 


48 


1954 . . . 


652 


1,025 


1,398 


389 


243 


1,247 


1,142 


569 


1,145 


49 




365 


485 


836 


196 


168 


606 


564 


324 


554 


50 


1954 .. . 


292 


409 


741 


148 


112 


557 


592 


261 


441 


51 




121 


310 


566 


127 


66 


510 


318 


58 


299 


52 


1954 .. . 


86 


293 


684 


145 


93 


701 


428 


58 


385 


53 


Electric milk cooler farms reporting 1959 .. . 


116 


330 


577 


110 


81 


503 


333 


73 


334 


54 


Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1 


20 


21 


2 


11 


26 


16 


1 


12 


55 


Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting 1959 . . . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 


96 


160 


426 


88 


58 


345 


343 


65 


218 


56 




457 


618 


1,025 


168 


218 


767 


721 


608 


1,011 


57 


1950 . . . 


763 


1,044 


1,997 


427 


270 


1,082 


904 


1,029 


1,446 


58 




85 


167 


218 


108 


66 


234 


215 


81 


115 


59 


1950... 


115 


156 


366 


98 


45 


418 


367 


151 


105 


60 




105 


186 


261 


53 


10 


187 


172 


143 


130 


61 


1950... 


245 


627 


817 


236 


156 


528 


621 


346 


521 


e;' 


Less than 1 mile to a hard surface roaj forms reportinp 1959 . . . 


55 


81 


131 


26 


5 


111 


86 


81 


90 


63 




50 


105 


130 


27 


5 


76 


86 


62 


40 


64 


1 to 4 miles farms reporting 1959 . . . 


50 


100 


125 


27 


5 


61 


86 


47 


40 


65 


DATE OF ENUMERATION 




5 


5 






15 




15 


. . . 


66 


FARM LABOR, 1VEFK Pnr.CFDINC. ENUMERATION 1 


11/1-11/7 


ll/l-U/7 


11/1-11/7 


10/25-10/31 


10/25-10/31 


10/25-10/31 


11/1-11/7 


11/1-11/7 


10/25-10/31 


67 




561 


894 


1,313 


278 


273 


1,103 


989 


578 


1,181 


66 


1954 . . . 


812 


1,280 


2,017 


470 


318 


1,707 


1,441 


922 


1,357 


BS 


persons 1959 .. . 


872 


1,214 


1,784 


355 


398 


1,595 


1,340 


798 


1,672 


70 


1954 . . . 


1,134 


1,652 


2,783 


634 


435 


2,314 


2,049 


1,144 


1,936 


71 




531 


859 


1,252 


273 


263" 


1,067 


959 


542 


1,151 


72 


1954 .. . 


792 


1,245 


1,980 


469 


313 


1,661 


1,401 


901 


1,322 


73 




175 


349 


390 


80 


75 


259 


201 


218 


355 


74 




356 


510 


862 


193 


188 


808 


758 


324 


796 


75 


Unpaid members of operator's family 
























231 


259 


411 


75 


105 


381 


285 


207 


399 


76 


persons 1959 . . . 


341 


355 


532 


82 


135 


528 


381 


256 


521 


77 




107 


164 


288 


45 


53 


186 


180 


97 


213 


78 


1954 .. . 


76 


187 


463 


93 


68 


236 


288 


100 


261 


70 


persons 1959 . . . 


177 


365 


641 


94 


144 


341 


335 


188 


517 


80 


1954 .. . 


101 


492 


2,356 


528 


104 


564 


759 


395 


561 


81 


Regular workers (employed 150 or more days) . . . farms reporting 1959 . . . 


82 


117 


232 


40 


27 


135 


130 


52 


150 


82 


1954 . . . 


26 


106 


264 


37 


28 


121 


176 


50 


166 


63 


persons 1959. . . 


152 


161 


359 


60 


99 


264 


221 


92 


199 


84 


1954 . . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 


31 


249 


567 


69 


39 


190 


273 


149 


276 


85 




61 


98 


167 


29 


6 


79 


86 


27 


120 


86 


FARM OPERATOR RESIDENCE 


21 


19 


65 


11 


21 


56 


44 


25 


30 


87 




623 


949 


1,455 


317 


286 


1,142 


1,053 


720 


1,251 


88 


1954 . . 


946 


1,358 


2,122 


499 


355 


1,813 


1,492 


1,043 


1,418 


St 




22 


21 


48 


19 


7 


33 


41 


92 


31 


90 


1954 . . . 


24 


32 


59 


19 


6 


58 


44 


53 


32 



1 For 1954, data relate to week of September 26-0ctaber 2. 



MAINE 

County Table 7.-USE OF FERTILIZER AND LIME ON FARMS AND FARM EXPENDITURES- 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[DaU are based on reports for only e. sample of ttms. See text] 



111 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 




I'SE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 


















1 


Commercial fertiliTer and fertilizing 


























7,423 


371 


2,588 


478 


235 


137 


602 


107 


2 




1954 . . . 


10,602 


354 


3,383 


598 


425 


352 


671 


186 


3 




acres on which used 1959 . . . 


266,010 


8,166 


154,789 


9,696 


3,498 


1,376 


11,974 


871 


4 




1954... 


247,471 


7,182 


151,666 


8,252 


4,881 


1,298 


12,572 


944 


S 




tons 1959 . . . 


151,994 


1,964 


118,044 


2,910 


1,158 


420 


3,084 


343 


e 




1954... 


170,166 


1,738 


135,290 


3,264 


1,499 


428 


3,330 


284 


7 






7,393 


371 


2,568 


473 


235 


137 


602 


107 


8 




tons 1959... 


151,366 


1,964 


117,487 


2,899 


1,158 


420 


3,084 


343 


9 






160 




109 


21 










10 


Crops on which used- 


tons 1959.. . 


628 




557 


11 










11 






3,444 


281 


400 


243 


147 

170 


83 
63 


396 
328 


67 
50 


12 




1954 ... 


2,819 


168 


214 


201 


13 




acres 1959.. . 


76,968 


5,876 


7,905 


5,575 


2,138 


1,003 


8,401 


416 


14 




1954 . . . 


46,e71 


4,310 


4,578 


2,995 


2,403 


422 


5,389 


450 


15 






3,423 


281 


390 


242 


147 


83 


396 


67 


16 




tons 1959 . . . 


20,080 


1,384 


2,558 


1,357 


714 


273 


1,830 


161 


17 






26 




10 


1 










18 




tons 1959 . . . 


57 




9 


1 










It 






678 


62 


133 


46 


25 


20 


57 


10 


20 




1954... 


467 


20 


51 


38 


33 


15 


25 


21 


21 




acres 1959 .. . 


6,978 


420 


1,635 


480 


220 


185 


100 


70 


•22 




1954 . . . 


3,940 


175 


460 


323 


262 


15 


305 


105 


'■?, 






668 


62 


123 


46 


25 


20 


57 
83 


10 
10 


24 




tons 1959. . . 


1,992 


90 


332 


139 


54 


95 


25 






10 




10 












28 




tons 1959 . . . 


24 




24 












27 


Corn 




1,052 
1,525 


117 
118 


10 
15 


108 
138 


26 

116 


6 
31 


121 
72 


21 
16 


28 




1954... 


St 




-eras 1959 .. . 


7,812 


670 


30 


538 


180 


41 


470 


73 


30 




1954... 


9,616 


622 


125 


1,191 


664 


131 


905 


47 


"- 






1,047 


117 


10 


103 


26 


6 


L21 


21 


S2 




tons 1959.. . 


2,715 


197 


10 


201 


92 


8 


147 


35 


33 






5 






5 










M 




tons 1959.. . 


3 






3 










35 


QatR 




1,055 
NA 


7 
NA 


661 

NA 


26 
NA 


1 
NA 


1 
NA 


35 

NA 




30 




1951... 


HA 


37 




acres 1959 .. . 


20,199 


55 


15,925 


377" 


25 


12 


120 




S8 




1954 . . . 


MA 


NA 


MA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


311 






992 


7 


598 


26 


1 


1 


35 
52 




U) 




tons 1959... 


3,314 


14 


2,354 


65 


8 


2 




41 






78 




73 












12 




tons 1959.. . 


105 




102 












43 






2,944 


26 


2,430 
MA 


61 


11 


17 
NA 


25 
NA 


6 
NA 


<l 




1954 . . . 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


15 




acres 1959.. . 


132,276 


90 


125,837 


81 


11 


29 


230 


55 


16 




1954 . . . 


MA 


MA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


17 






2,931 


26 


2,417 


61 


11 


17 


25 
159 


6 

75 


48 




tons 1959. . . 


116,120 


52 


111,265 


71 


7 


13 


Ml 






27 




27 












50 




tons 1959... 


416 




416 












5] 






1,645 


67 


123 


215 


93 


37 
106 


2ii 

2,653 


46 
257 


5? 




acres 1959... 


21,7-/7 


1,055 


3,457 


2,645 


924 


n 






1,625 


67 


113 


215 


93 


37 


211 


46 


54 




tons 1959 . . . 


7,145 


227 


968 


1,066 


283 


29 


813 


62 


55 






40 




10 


15 










;r. 




tons 1959.. . 


23 




6 


7 










57 


Lime or liming materials used during the year 




4,599 


257 


1,385 


247 


169 


58 


437 


47 


5i 




1954 .. . 


3,509 


92 


1,118 


275 


179 


52 


203 


36 


i! 




acres limed 1959 . . . 


81,696 


2,953 


36,465 


4,124 


1,625 


735 


6,297 


749 


60 




1954... 


55,835 


889 


29,088 


3,576 


1,287 


268 


3,170 


235 


61 




tons 1959 .. . 


68,589 


3,837 


17,827 


4,362 


1,772 


1,110 


7,121 


875 


62 




1954 . . . 


40,543 


1,119 


12,368 


2,642 


1,377 


132 


4,555 


225 




SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 


















63 


Any of the following specified expenditures. . 




16,977 


910 


3,036 


1,225 


717 


688 


1,740 


619 


64 






13,483 


818 


1,673 


972 


612 


493 


1,438 


489 


65 




1954 . . . 


18,300 


821 


2,495 


1,313 


762 


673 


1,845 


662 


66 




dollars 1959... 


50,730,406 


3,708,006 


1,651,257 


4,040,836 


1,344,676 


1,625,585 


8,021,384 


3,605,852 


81 




1954 . . . 


37,211,881 


1,544,385 


1,859,186 


3,730,745 


682,373 


733,900 


6,081,758 


2,599,594 


68 






6,754 


413 


933 


554 


282 


214 


649 


339 


61 




dollars 1959 .. . 


10,905,205 


880,690 


365,307 


721,293 


276,903 


258,171 


1,791,845 


689,370 


70 






5,407 


303 


1,331 


349 


283 


207 


391 


267 


VI 




1964... 


8,553 


333 


1,951 


529 


365 


330 


777 


286 


I! 




dollars 1959... 


1,133,397 


63,469 


388,588 


67,055 


37,570 


29,900 


73,355 


56,503 


13 




1954... 


1,226,984 


63,342 


390,925 


78,800 


31,827 


16,010 


104,890 


34,065 


7< 


1 'n.J-f ffiOO 




3,781 


195 


842 


259 


229 


179 


271 


210 


75 


S200 to $999 




1.502 


102 


463 


80 


52 


18 


114 


42 


76 






124 


6 


26 


10 


2 


10 


6 


15 


77 






8,484 


369 


2,565 


560 


301 


268 


734 


313 


:- 




1951... 


10,318 


325 


3,260 


642 


345 


393 


775 


287 


7« 




dollars 1959... 


21,735,346 


682,807 


11,176,946 


1,412,374 


329,675 


527,018 


1,487,601 


436,655 


BO 




1954... 


18,767,785 


453,905 


9,684,875 


1,293,202 


234,582 


413,988 


1,158,700 


368,345 


HI 


Under S1.000 




4,318 


215 


565 


311 


204 


177 


507 


195 


82 




1954... 


6,301 


226 


1,177 


370 


261 


289 


581 


215 


8! 


S1.000 to S2.499 




1,686 


•80 


727 


Si] 


59 


26 


83 


60 


HI 




1954... 


1,901 


47 


926 


119 


63 


58 


75 


40 


-'. 


>2,500or more 




2,480 


74 


1,273 


169 


38 


65 


144 


58 


86 




1954... 


2,116 


52 


1,157 


153 


21 


46 


119 


32 


81 






1,346 


56 


642 


82 


25 


34 


91 


41 


KH 






1,134 


18 


631 


87 


13 


31 


53 


17 


KH 


flasoline and other petroleum fuel 


























15,105 


865 


2,976 


1,084 


646 


557 


1,625 


504 


'.«'. 




1954 . . . 


15,874 


651 


3,665 


1,157 


531 


369 


1,464 


532 


91 




dollars 1959... 


5,584,485 


222,535 


2,241,605 


315,081 


120, 501 


189,354 


558,339 


119,971 


92 




1954 .. . 


5,338,293 


165,347 


2,416,202 


310, 224 


112,925 


65,345 


352, 577 


105,291 


93 






5,864 


339 


1,409 


472 


243 


215 


541 


182 


94 




dollars 1959... 


2,317,778 


29,947 


1,540,921 


106,764 


16,194 


34,169 


203,009 


5,293 



NA Not available. 



112 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7. 



-USE OF FERTILIZER AND LIME ON FARMS AND FARM EXPENDITURES: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a s article of farms. See text] 





Item 
(For definitions anil explanations 


see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 


USE OF <T»IMF.r<nAL FERTILIZER AI 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 


DLIME 

forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 

s on which used 1959 . . . 

1954... 

tons 1959. .. 

1954 .. . 

farms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959 .. . 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

tons 1959... 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

1054... 

acres 1959. . . 

1954 .. . 

/arms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959... 

farms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959 . . . 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

1954 .. . 

acres 1959 .. . 

1954 . . . 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

tons 1959 .. . 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

tons 1959 .. . 

. forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 

acres 1959... 

1954... 

forms reporting 1959. . . 

tons 1959 . . . 

forms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959... 

forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 

acres 1959. .. 

1954 .. . 

forms reporting 1959 .. . 

tons 1959.. . 

farms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959... 

. farms reporting 1959. . . 

1954... 

acres 1959. . . 

1954 .. . 

forms reporting 1959. . 

tens 1959... 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

tons 1959. .. 

farms reporting 1959. . . 

acres 1959 .. . 

farms reporting 1959 . . . 

tons 1959 . . . 

. farms reporti ng 1 959 . . . 

tons 1959.. . 

forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 

acres limed 1959 . . . 

1954... 

tons 1959. .. 

1954 . . . 

. forms reporting 1959 . . . 

. forms reporting 1959 .. . 

1954 . . . 

dollars 1959 . . . 

1954 .. . 

. forms reporting 1959 

dollars 1959... 

. farms reporting 1959 .. . 

1954... 

dollars 1959... 

1954... 

. farms reporting 1959. . . 

. farms reporting 1959 .. . 

. forms reporting 1959. . . 

. forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 
dollars 1959... 

1954 . . . 
. farms reporting 1959. . . 

1954... 
. forms reporting 1959. . . 

1954 . . . 
. farms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954 .. . 
. forms reporting 1959. . . 
. forms reporting 1959 . . . 

forms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 

dollars 1959. . . 

1954 .. . 

forms reporting 1959. . 
dollars 1959... 


166 

222 

2,714 

1,428 

896 

334 

166 

866 

5 

30 

86 

56 

1,785 

900 

86 

616 

5 

30 

10 

6 

105 

93 

10 

9 

26 
47 
248 
156 
26 
88 

6 
NA 
31 
NA 

6 
13 

20 
NA 
30 
NA 
20 
29 

75 
515 

75 
111 

66 
57 
620 
468 
895 
428 

642 

562 

752 

2,098,460 

946,370 

346 

530,920 

151 

291 

31,923 

27,846 

115 

20 

16 

257 

261 

310,455 

100,280 

150 

245 

65 

5 

42 

11 

31 

11 

537 

592 

98,914 

66,420 

206 
7,427 


361 

716 

12,169 

7,004 

3,100 

2,154 

356 

3,097 

5 

3 

213 

271 

7,632 

3,913 

213 

1,703 

37 
41 
445 
235 
37 
102 

78 

110 

1,250 

548 

78 
420 

1 
NA 

8 
NA 

1 

4 

35 
NA 
35 

NA 
35 
17 

174 

2,799 

169 

851 

5 

3 

205 

203 

3,789 

1,463 

4,459 

1,801 

971 

839 

1,249 

2,434,064 

1,982,269 

411 

530,060 

312 

441 

49,129 

37,747 

232 

80 

449 

509 

846,659 

738,028 

262 

392 

86 

57 

101 

60 

62 

39 

906 

915 

201,059 

173,212 

308 
46,830 


597 

1,084 

19,318 

20,802 

7,022 

9,987 

597 

7,002 

10 

20 

334 

353 

9,386 

7,277 

329 

2,254 

5 

15 

77 

102 

702 

971 

77 

285 

192 
263 
1,731 
1,864 
192 
632 

150 

NA 

1,706 

NA 

150 

376 

5 

3 

97 

NA 

4,205 

NA 

97 

2,795 

142 

1,588 

142 

660 

5 

2 

473 

401 

8,482 

6,123 

8,745 

5,105 

1,495 

1,379 

1,874 

3,985,999 

3,513,715 

649 

997,503 

410 

811 

93,235 

127,487 

234 

163 

13 

618 
923 
1,366,552 
1,347,553 
353 
588 
93 
186 
172 
149 
99 
73 

1,324 

1,509 

413,566 

470,111 

509 
132,010 


140 
224 
3,593 
5,098 
1,607 
2,324 
140 
1,607 

101 
86 
2,102 
1,680 
101 
642 

16 
21 
94 

105 
16 
18 

25 
55 
135 
270 
25 
65 

32 

NA 
450 
NA 
32 
109 

54 
NA 

786 
NA 
54 

765 

6 
26 
6 

8 

127 
78 
1,579 
1,065 
1,650 
1,065 

331 

284 

454 

888,454 

578,341 

98 

117,560 

101 

230 

22,564 

35,110 
57 
43 

1 

129 

211 

167,690 

262,855 

79 
158 
28 
30 
22 
23 
16 
6 

300 

340 

94,401 

87,522 

108 
12,648 


102 

124 

3,086 

1,155 

650 

292 

102 

643 

10 

7 

46 

46 

1,855 

816 

41 

210 

5 

2 

20 

6 

460 

35 

20 

118 

25 
12 
160 
43 
25 
55 

6 
NA 
123 
NA 

6 
40 

NA 
MA 

46 
488 

41 

220 

5 

5 

46 

37 
905 
260 
855 
315 

294 

268 

323 

1,339,580 

390,643 
137 

246,320 

96 
75 
15,220 
9,315 
65 
31 

104 

139 

268,495 

101,167 

72 

111 

10 

16 

22 

12 

5 

17 

279 

294 

72,005 

60,018 

107 
14,165 


613 

776 

17,569 

10,767 

5,824 

3,723 

613 

5,824 

439 

290 

11,827 

4,638 
439 

3,262 

52 

51 
860 
416 

52 
376 

113 
202 
939 
1,153 
113 
366 

86 
NA 

890 
NA 
86 

174 

27 
NA 

227 
NA 
27 

237 

172 
2,826 

172 
1,409 

442 
290 
6,579 
3,211 
6,475 
3,688 

1,175 

1,054 

1,642 

3,977,367 

2,252,895 

482 

958,371 

378 

668 

69,240 

100,470 

242 

131 

5 

491 
664 
792,994 
542,326 
325 
526 
75 
75 
91 
63 
45 
46 

933 

1,206 

315,441 

275,645 

407 
68,758 


330 
615 
5,058 
6,961 
1,687 
2,926 
330 
1,687 

258 
191 
3,535 
2,390 
258 
986 

50 

31 

445 

310 

50 

106 

77 

197 

387 

1,141 

77 
140 

25 
NA 
210 
NA 
25 
57 

31 

NA 

296 

NA 
31 
313 

36 

185 
36 

85 

290 
202 
2,885 
2,205 
3,348 
2,267 

1,094 

1,027 

1,337 

7,264,491 

6,783,596 

520 

1,758,352 

262 

520 
37,525 
68,342 

190 
72 

503 

721 

718,597 

821,086 

352 

529 

60 

102 

91 

90 

49 

42 

914 

1,081 

269,048 

253,840 

266 

14,110 


167 
356 
2,711 
2,348 
780 
767 
167 
780 

80 

90 

1,217 

1,265 

80 

288 

3 

62 

3 
9 

10 

45 

10 
15 

13 
NA 
177 
NA 
13 
36 

44 
NA 

294 
NA 
44 

272 

71 
916 

71 
160 

82 

43 

784 

382 
963 

431 

803 

500 

802 

867,558 

443,252 

175 

135,883 

263 

473 

31,736 

51,628 

226 

34 

3 

342 

410 

483,752 

534,262 

240 

336 

56 

27 

46 

47 

17 

29 

618 

601 

104,409 

154,604 

99 
33,703 




'.' 

3 
4 

5 

e 


acre 


516 
9,422 
5,113 
2,505 
1,826 

429 


8 

:i 
in 

n 
12 
13 

14 




2,505 


Crops on which used- 






242 
6,315 
3,445 

270 


If. 




1,842 


lh 




60 


20 

21 
2! 




6 
695 

130 
60 


34 




166 


'J'. 
21 

28 
29 

V 
HI 

re 








133 
915 
756 




244 


34 






if 
37 
98 




NA 

90 

NA 

5 


41' 




10 


42 

l.i 
il 
11. 
46 




60 




NA 
70 
NA 
60 


48 




50 


50 




131 


52 




1,337 
131 


54 




193 


',.1 
S7 
'.* 
59 

mi 
".l 
62 

63 
64 
65 
66 
67 
68 
69 
70 
71 
72 
73 
74 


Lime or liming materials used during the year 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPEND1TURI 


268 
243 
3,125 
2,145 
4,295 
3,025 

1,237 

1,075 

1,296 

3,876,837 

3,088,859 

552 

646,657 

303 

473 

66,385 

49,180 

235 




57 






11 






481 


7B 
79 
80 




453 
727,076 
712,631 

311 


82 




297 
98 


84 
85 
86 
87 




75 
72 
81 
51 
21 


89 

SO 

91 
92 


Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 


1,037 

967 

248,256 

269,010 

453 


94 




51,830 



NA Not available. 



MAINE 
County Table 8.-LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 195? AND 1954 



113 





Item 
(For definitions and explanation- 


, see text) 


The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 


1 


Cattle and calves 


.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


10,500 


615 


1,660 


633 


535 


272 


1,060 


298 


2 




1954 . . 


16,677 


779 


2,896 


1,075 


773 


576 


1,656 


455 


8 




number 195'.' 


186,216 


13,958 


19,791 


10,551 


9,714 


2,370 


22,812 


3,995 


4 




1954 . . 


227, 523 


13,311 


34,161 


13,692 


11,502 


3,898 


24,663 


4,663 


5 




.farm- reporting 1959. . . 


9,536 


564 


1,554 


546 


483 


244 


967 


262 


6 




1954 . . . 


15,412 


717 


2,826 


945 


728 


518 


1,509 


404 


? 




number 1959 .. . 


97,189 


7,686 


9,812 


5,615 


4,648 


1,226 


11,987 


2,021 


8 




1954. 


115,655 


7,148 


17,398 


7,222 


5,348 


2,065 


12,501 


2,283 


9 




.farms reporting 1959 


8,926 


543 


1,396 


502 


461 


230 


891 


241 


10 




1954 . . . 


14,820 


700 


2,705 


893 


711 


498 


1,452 


393 


11 




number 1959 . . 


89,290 


7,428 


7,990 


4,838 


4,265 


1,137 


11,154 


1,846 


12 




1954.. . 


106,513 


6,858 


14,372 


6,573 


4,802 


1,965 


11,898 


2,173 


IS 




.farms reporting 1959 


8,408 


520 


1,321 


485 


430 


164 


899 


212 


11 




1954 . . 


13,079 


646 


2,362 


802 


630 


354 


1,309 


328 


15 




number 1959 . 


72,367 


5,347 


7,264 


3,734 


3,814 


848 


8,927 


1,461 


16 




1954... 


88,735 


5,191 


11,770 


4,840 


4,605 


1,295 


10,037 


1,819 


17 


SI.-.t - and bulla, including steer and hull calves 


.farms reporting 1959 . 


5,979 


343 


1,035 


372 


321 


148 


630 


159 


18 




1954 . . . 


9,048 


390 


1,831 


575 


426 


272 


886 


224 


19 




number 1959 


16,660 


925 


2,715 


1,202 


1,252 


296 


1,898 


513 


Ji 


Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 


1954... 


23,133 


972 


4,993 


1,630 


1,549 


538 


2,125 


561 


21 


1 


.farms reporting 1959 . 


1,025 


37 


133 


67 


53 


57 


85 


49 


go 


2 to 4 


.farms reporting 1959 . . 


2,875 


151 


526 


196 


136 


104 


243 


94 


53 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1,911 


87 


425 


110 


93 


55 


192 


48 


21 


10 U) 19 


.forms reporting 1959 


1,529 


96 


270 


80 


93 


23 


149 


35 


25 




.farms repotting 1959 


2,247 


160 


245 


124 


108 


25 


271 


60 


i 




.farms reporting 1959. . 


753 


67 


55 


51 


47 


5 


92 


11 


27 




.f .mi reporting 1959. . . 


160 


17 


6 


5 


5 


3 


28 


1 




Cows, including heifer? that have ealved- 




.'H 




.farms reporting 1959. . . 


2,634 


122 


408 


150 


134 


114 


238 


94 


'."1 


2 to 9 


.farms rep... 


3,638 


178 


838 


218 


194 


93 


330 


94 


10 


10 to 19 


rims rep in"- [350 


1,436 


102 


154 


66 


68 


20 


155 


40 


11 




■ 


964 


82 


107 


60 


48 


9 


121 


21 


I! 


30 to 49 


.farms reporting 1959 . . 


658 


59 


38 


43 


31 


5 


89 


12 


33 


50 to 74 


.farms reporting ! 150 


154 


16 


8 


6 


6 


3 


26 




34 


75 to 99 


.farms reporting 1959 


27 


2 


1 


1 


1 




5 


1 


35 


Milk cows- 


farms reporting 1959 


25 


3 




2 


1 




3 




36 


1 


.farms reporting 1959 


2,644 


124 


438 


152 


137 


110 


225 


91 


S! 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


3,263 


163 


713 


188 


182 


84 


296 


81 


at 


10 to 19 


.farms reporting 1959 


1,314 


101 


112 


62 


61 


19 


141 


39 


39 


20 to 29 


.farms rep. n 


901 


77 


92 


59 


46 


10 


110 


19 


li' 


30 to 19 


.farms reporting 1959 


615 


58 


35 


33 


28 


5 


87 


10 


41 




nine 1959 


189 


20 


6 


8 


7 


2 


32 


1 


t! 




.farms reportinr 1956 


3,853 


177 


519 


256 


219 


166 


320 


97 


11 




1951. . 


6,681 


256 


906 


408 


359 


312 


576 


158 


44 




nu. ,Ikt 1959. .. 


7,730 


380 


1,086 


639 


385 


271 


772 


178 


45 




115 1 


12,344 


472 


1.675 


818 


659 


473 


1,160 


267 


46 




.forms reporting 1950 


4,134 


187 


932 


287 


162 


90 


383 


129 


17 




.... 


6,371 


212 


1,566 


462 


244 


201 


554 


185 


48 




number 19 19 


24,646 


1,429 


5,147 


5,742 


422 


320 


1,747 


504 


4n 




1951 ... 


28,427 


1,572 


6,509 


5,024 


629 


460 


2,197 


634 


50 




.farms rerv.r 


1,701 


86 


420 


138 


52 


37 


162 


53 


.".1 




[054 


2,810 


88 


796 


200 


88 


86 


262 


88 


5-: 




number 1959. . . 


12, 518 


741 


2,607 


2,928 


217 


170 


844 


280 


;a 






13,429 


731 


3,573 


1,845 


306 


196 


1,052 


362 


54 




.faniu? reporting 1950 


2,950 


120 


641 


204 


121 


66 


274 


82 


55 






4,331 


140 


1,074 


327 


186 


122 


354 


115 


56 




number 1059 


12,128 


688 


2,540 


2,814 


205 


150 


903 


224 


53 


Farms reporting by number of hoe? and pics- 


1954 . 


14,998 


841 


2,936 


3,179 


323 


264 


1,145 


272 


58 


I'nder 10 


.farms reporting 1069 


3,812 


171 


853 


240 


155 


85 


356 


123 


59 




.forms reporting 1959 


175 


8 


51 


17 


4 


1 


19 


3 


60 




.farms reporting 1959. . . 


108 


6 


21 


17 


3 


4 


5 


2 


61 




(arms reporting 1953 


39 


2 


7 


13 






3 


1 


il- 




.farms roponmi: 1959 


1,627 


77 


165 


125 


88 


89 


147 


90 


',:: 




1954 . . . 


1,748 


62 


227 


107 


89 


106 


167 


108 


64 




number 1959 


40,615 


854 


7,695 


1,909 


1,742 


2,406 


3,116 


1,521 


Ik". 




1954.. 


33,482 


647 


6,926 


1,135 


1,488 


1,730 


2,695 


1,934 


Hi. 




. farms reporting 1959 . . 


1,182 


60 


117 


93 


65 


66 


99 


59 


67 




1964 


1,317 


45 


165 


85 


70 


77 


122 


79 


68 




number 1959 . . . 


13,381 


281 


2,101 


726 


555 


711 


980 


463 


69 




1954 . . . 


10, 552 


245 


1,971 


364 


440 


520 


912 


540 


70 




.farms reporting 1959 . . 


1,466 


65 


151 


104 


79 


85 


132 


85 


71 




1951 


1,540 


53 


214 


79 


80 


99 


144 


93 


72 




number 1959 . . 


27,234 


573 


5,594 


1,183 


1,187 


1,695 


2,136 


1,058 


71 




1054 . . . 


22,930 


402 


4,955 


771 


1,048 


1,210 


1,783 


1,394 


71 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1,402 


63 


146 


92 


77 


79 


123 


82 


75 




1964 


1,472 


51 


212 


71 


75 


96 


134 


83 


76 




nun'.. 


25,243 


525 


5,248 


1,070 


1,076 


1,561 


1,953 


947 


77 




1951 


20,841 


334 


4,597 


682 


891 


1,085 


1,613 


1,254 


76 




.farms reporting 1959. . . 


940 


35 


103 


65 


48 


63 


81 


59 


79 




1951 . . 


850 


26 


118 


46 


43 


64 


69 


59 


80 




number 1959 . . . 


1,991 


48 


346 


113 


111 


134 


183 


111 


61 


Farms reporting by number of sheep nnd lambs- 


1354 . . . 


2,089 


68 


358 


89 


157 


125 


170 


140 


62 




.farms reporting 1959 . . 


1,161 


64 


89 


104 


69 


61 


us 


69 


83 




.farm? repotting 1959 . . 


458 


13 


73 


21 


18 


28 


28 


21 


84 




.farms reporting 1959 


8 




3 




1 




1 




85 




.farms reporting 1959 


5,773 


322 


1,117 


448 


271 


211 


482 


212 


86 




1951 . . . 


10,074 


393 


2,084 


720 


424 


539 


813 


347 


87 




number 1959. . 


4,480,993 


258,223 


290,036 


426,950 


55,382 


157,224 


591,181 


504,212 


68 


Farms reporting by number of chickens 4 month 


1954... 
s old and over— 


3,556,980 


244,159 


180,986 


448,276 


49,648 


149,379 


427,138 


441,729 


89 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


3,325 


163 


701 


212 


204 


132 


266 


48 


90 




.forms reporting 1959. . . 


1,253 


77 


347 


104 


42 


44 


90 


18 


91 


400 to 799 


.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


196 


17 


12 


21 


5 


4 


21 


9 


92 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


259 


19 


10 


25 

41 


9 

8 


4 


28 
32 


26 

47 


93 


1,600 to 3,199 


.farms reporting 1959. . . 


321 


20 


17 


9 


94 


3,200 or more 


.farm? reporting 1959. . . 


419 


26 


30 


45 


3 


18 


45 


64 


95 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


32 


3 


1 


5 




1 


3 




96 




1951 . . . 


109 


5 


8 


12 


5 


9 


16 




97 




number 1959 . 


1,322 


6 


3 


130 




12 


23 




98 




1954 . . . 


15,011 


194 


143 


7,527 


12 


443 


1,062 





114 STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 8.-LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


Yori 


1 




396 


733 


1,052 


244 


206 


936 


713 


310 


837 


2 


1954 . . 


623 


1,161 


1,703 


430 


284 


1,496 


1,078 


644 


1,048 


.1 


number 1959 - 


4,972 


11,646 


24,509 


5,532 


3,079 


23,273 


12,871 


3,047 


14,096 


4 


1954 . . 


5,972 


14,191 


30,243 


7,357 


3,969 


25,217 


15,109 


4,512 


15,063 


5 


Covvs,~^i1cluding heifers that have calved farms reporting 1959 . . 


356' 


684 


966 


221 


177 


847 


652 


284 


729 


6 


1954 . . 


547 


1,065 


1,582 


408 


256 


1,373 


1,001 


600 


933 


7 


number 1959 . . 


2,397 


6,079 


12,927 


2,889 


1,480 


12,205 


7,047 


1,717 


7,453 


S 


1954 . . 


2,666 


7,116 


15,296 


3,751 


1,960 


13,022 


7,828 


2,365 


7,686 


9 




337 


648 


927 


212 


167 


808 


629 


264 


670 


10 


1954 . . 


518 


1,021 


1,522 


394 


237 


1,335 


982 


580 


879 


11 


number 1959 . . 


2,214 


5,433 


12,409 


2,760 


1,369 


11,350 


6,771 


1,593 


6,733 


12 


1954 . . 


2,408 


6,538 


14,666 


3,383 


1,749 


12,313 


7,541 


2,252 


7,022 


13 




289 


602 


891 


205 


163 


812 


571 


197 


647 


14 


1954 . . 


464 


914 


1,386 


358 


227 


1,208 


845 


409 


837 


15 


number 1959. . 


2,015 


4,495 


10,173 


2,203 


1,245 


9,492 


5,056 


1,017 


5,276 


16 


- 1954 . . 


2,529 


5,607 


12,685 


2,907 


1,594 


10,373 


6,078 


1,624 


5,781 


17 


Steers and bulls, including steer and bull calves, .farms reporting 1959. . 


195 


387 


599 


148 


116 


526 


369 


157 


474 


18 


1954 . . 


328 


597 


895 


232 


143 


820 


589 


265 


575 


19 


number 1959 . . 


560 


1,072 


1,409 


440 


354 


1,576 


768 


313 


1,367 


20 


1954 . . . 
Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 


777 


1,468 


2,262 


699 


415 


1,822 


1,203 


523 


1,596 


21 




62 


61 


95 


18 


25 


62 


66 


66 


89 


32 




133 


207 


226 


56 


54 


201 


190 


124 


234 


23 




70 


133 


162 


44 


42 


120 


109 


51 


170 


24 




43 


134 


161 


36 


39 


148 


93 


21 


108 


25 




65 


150 


264 


59 


34 


270 


208 


34 


170 


26 




23 


43 


115 


23 


8 


109 


38 


13 


53 


27 


Cows, including heifers that have calveil- 




5 


29 


8 


4 


26 


9 


1 


13 


26 




137 


189 


227 


47 


64 


187 


172 


133 


218 


29 




134 


279 


313 


76 


66 


250 


205 


102 


268 


30 




44 
26 


111 
60 


172 
116 


45 
27 


24 
12 


170 
109 


142 
83 


20 
13 


103 


31 




70 


32 




13 


38 


101 


19 


8 


99 


40 


13 


50 


33 




2 


4 


28 


5 


2 


22 


9 


3 


14 


34 






2 


5 


1 




5 


1 




2 


35 


Milk cows- 




1 


4 


1 


1 


5 






4 


36 




136 


192 


228 


52 


66 


185 


168 


128 


212 


37 




123 


262 


292 


66 


57 


234 


198 


92 


232 


38 




40 


103 


161 


44 


22 


161 


136 


15 


97 


39 


20 to 29 farms repming 1959 .. . 


24 


51 


114 


25 


12 


106 


79 


13 


64 


40 




12 


35 


95 


18 


7 


93 


38 


13 


48 


41 




2 


5 


37 


7 


3 


29 


10 


3 


17 


42 




126 


275 


408 


96 


70 


339 


241 


238 


306 


43 


1054 . . . 


242 


489 


729 


198 


87 


614 


499 


448 


400 


44 


number 1959.. . 


217 


581 


857 


195 


135 


686 


406 


343 


599 


45 


1954 . 


396 


911 


1,40<> 


395 


164 


1,166 


947 


654 


778 


46 


Hogs and pigs farms reporting 1959 . 


156 


312 


431 


31 


61 


269 


245 


125 


274 


47 


1954 . . . 


208 


457 


608 


184 


64 


460 


341 


206 


419 


48 


nui.Jjer 1959 


312 


1,379 


3,242 


398 


377 


1,054 


684 


222 


1,667 


49 


1954.. 


457 


1,274 


4,840 


460 


370 


1,358 


831 


299 


1,513 


50 




46 


148 


168 


39 


24 


115 


88 


38 


87 


51 


1954 . . . 


77 


176 


301 


90 


26 


171 


142 


74 


145 


52 


number 1959.. . 


80 


817 


1,618 


215 


179 


614 


295 


97 


816 


53 


1954 .. . 


197 


534 


2,471 


193 


142 


647 


390 


119 


671 


54 




119 


231 


317 


62 


43 


180 


177 


95 


218 


55 


1954 . . . 


146 


337 


370 


108 


41 


335 


226 


143 


307 


56 


number 1959 . . . 


232 


562 


1,624 


183 


198 


440 


389 


125 


851 


57 


1954 . . . 
Farms reporting by number of hogs and pies- 


260 


740 


2,369 


267 


228 


711 


441 


180 


842 


58 




154 


282 


403 


81 


57 


251 


233 


123 


245 


59 


10 to 24 farms reporting 1959 .. . 


1 


20 


15 


7 




8 


7 


1 


13 


60 




1 


9 


7 


3 


2 


9 


5 


1 


13 


61 






1 
95 


6 




2 

44 


1 
142 






3 

82 


62 




90 


159 


28 


132 


74 


63 


1954 . . . 


75 


93 


196 


45 


38 


150 


110 


72 


103 


i'.i 


number 1959.. . 


1,718 


1,416 


5,389 


1,160 


769 


3,943 


3,320 


2,347 


1,310 


65 


1954 . 


807 


1,134 


5,105 


1,208 


435 


3,299 


2,152 


1,374 


1,413 


si, 




57 


59 


121 


24 


34 


114 


93 


57 


64 


67 


1954 . . . 


57 


60 


149 


37 


27 


122 


86 


57 


79 


fih 


number 1959 . . . 


623 


354 


2,127 


442 


234 


1,341 


1,131 


839 


473 


69 


1954 . . . 


279 


348 


1,733 


361 


139 


1,073 


684 


474 


469 


70 




79 


85 


146 


27 


39 


131 


127 


67 


64 


71 


1954 . . . 


65 


80 


179 


40 


34 


134 


100 


62 


84 


72 


number 1959.. . 


1,095 


1,062 


3,262 


718 


535 


2.602 


2,189 


1,508 


837 


73 


1954 . . 


528 


786 


3,372 


847 


296 


2,226 


1,468 


900 


944 


74 




74 


80 


144 


27 


37 


130 


126 


60 


62 


75 


1954 . . . 


63 


78 


176 


40 


31 


130 


100 


57 


75 


76 


number 1959 . 


1,022 


974 


3,096 


654 


489 


2,427 


2,062 


1,373 


766 


77 


1951 . 


487 


696 


3,121 


796 


250 


2,053 


1,308 


826 


848 


78 




46 


56 


92 


18 


26 


85 


75 


46 


42 


T9 


1954 . . . 


28 


41 


104 


20 


19 


70 


50 


35 


58 


80 


number 1959 . . . 


73 


88 


166 


64 


46 


175 


127 


135 


71 


M 


1954 . . . 
Farms reporting by number of sheep and lambs— 


41 


90 


251 


51 


46 


173 


160 


74 


96 


82 




71 


78 


92 


17 


37 


88 


92 


48 


64 


83 




19 


17 


66 


10 


7 


54 


40 


25 


18 


84 








1 


1 








1 




85 




281 


380 


476 


108 


115 


387 


318 


237 


408 


m; 


1951 . . . 


463 


672 


844 


233 


175 


747 


573 


441 


606 


« 


number 1959. .. 


276 , 590 


195,382 


217,887 


86,660 


24,016 


294,220 


539,956 


204,111 


358,963 


88 


1954 . . . 
Farms reporting by number of chickens 4 months old and over— 


252,807 


183,515 


220,431 


55,652 


37,341 


207,570 


293,961 


72,030 


292,358 


69 




115 


248 


294 


68 


86 


248 


162 


167 


211 


N 




50 


76 


118 


25 


17 


73 


43 


32 


97 


91 




24 


10 


16 


2 


7 


7 


22 


3 


16 


IS 




39 


13 


14 


5 


3 


13 


19 


6 


26 


93 




33 


12 


13 


2 


1 


20 


30 


11 


25 


94 




20 


21 


21 


6 


1 


26 


42 


18 


33 


95 




1 


1 


3 




2 


4 


5 


1 


2 


9r, 


1954. . 


3 


6 


10 


2 


2 


12 


11 


4 


4 


97 


number 1959 . . . 


2 


15 


38 




6 


1,030 


29 


4 


24 


9* 


1954... 


27 


431 


55 


24 


4 


1,586 


3,287 


8 


208 



MAINE 



115 



County Table 9.-LIVEST0CK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SOLD FROM FARMS AND LITTERS FARROWED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 







[Most data for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample 


of farms. See text] 












torn 


The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 




(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


















1 


Value of sales of livestock and/or livestock products 






















100,836,233 


7,269,972 


4,478,187 


8,155,537 


2,616,484 


2,635,503 


15,891,355 


5,619,377 


2 


1054 


70.710,916 


4,950,189 


3,962,617 


5,736,779 


1,717,896 


1,786,483 


9,126,589 


3,847,072 


a 


Any livestock sold alive {cattle, horses 






















8.805 


580 


1,167 


598 


451 


267 


1,016 


167 


4 


1954 


10,575 


505 


1,866 


670 


496 


280 


1,030 


233 


-. 


value of sales, dollars 19511 


6,964,528 


571,029 


802,043 


666,689 


263,569 


102,152 


890,967 


132,330 


t 


1954 


5,163,535 


273,041 


897,586 


379,576 


242,752 


62,067 


492,276 


92,555 


- 




4,657 


306 


568 


430 


174 


159 


472 


271 


8 


1954 


6,692 


316 


944 


568 


250 


305 


596 


373 


1 


value of sales, dollars 1959 


61,683,684 


4,068,611 


1,493,787 


5,506,405 


1,142,766 


2,015,900 


10,256,798 


5,026,353 


10 


1954 


41,123,496 


2,867,124 


1,056,697 


3,674,749 


380,645 


1,308,724 


5,631,600 


3,267,980 


11 


Livestock products other than poultry 






















32,188,021 


2,630,332 


2,182,357 


1,982,443 


1,210,149 


517,451 


4,743,590 


460,694 


12 


1954 
LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 


24,423,885 


1,810,024 


2,008,334 


1,682,454 


1,094,499 


415,692 


3,002,713 


486,537 


1?. 




7,741 


529 


1,019 


457 


426 


153 


950 


137 


M 


1954 


9,707 


474 


1,689 


586 


467 


229 


967 


197 


15 


number 1959 


82,972 


6,619 


6,891 


6,093 


4,001 


1,188 


10,960 


1,004 


H. 


1954 


90,633 


5,480 


11,237 


5,857 


4,742 


1,192 


9,999 


1,535 


17 


dollars 1959 


5,674,030 


322,830 


591,200 


560,340 


241,481 


52,439 


742,387 


107,236 


18 


1954 


4,285,243 


226,460 


726,852 


259,772 


223,962 


45,799 


426,688 


67,620 


It 




5,034 


344 


654 


314 


270 


83 


637 


87 


M 


1954 


7,043 


346 


1,297 


414 


360 


140 


673 


144 


81 


number 1959 


25,662 


1,559 


2,217 


2,711 


1,197 


297 


3,505 


372 


BS 


1954 


34,364 


1,914 


4,908 


2,350 


2,293 


385 


3,340 


571 


ii 


dollars 1959 


4,254,331 


236,315 


376,300 


458,425 


169,923 


41,685 


545,349 


92,951 


u 


1954 

Farms reportine by number of cattle sold— 


3,385,234 


177,443 


522,286 


212,600 


196,176 


30,829 


343,052 


52,125 


BS 




3,300 

1,606 

122 


225 

113 

6 


460 

193 

1 


201 

101 

7 


191 

74 

5 


61 
22 


410 

207 

20 


56 


se 




31 


n 






>h 




6 






5 










21 




6,300 


469 


716 


366 


371 


123 


733 


111 


mi 


1954 


7,886 


378 


1,271 


472 


394 


165 


827 


162 


,ii 


number 1959 


57,310 


5,060 


4,674 


3,382 


2,804 


891 


7,455 


632 


32 


1954 


56,269 


3,566 


6,329 


3,507 


2,449 


807 


6,659 


964 


3.1 


dollars 1959 


1,419,699 


86,515 


214,900 


101,915 


71,558 


10,754 


197,038 


14,285 


M 


1954 


900,009 


49,017 


204,566 


47,172 


27,786 


14,970 


83,636 


15,495 


15 




570 


22 


56 


61 


41 


43 


56 


5 


M 


1954 


420 


14 


45 


25 


27 


14 


39 


7 


87 


number 1959 


1,454 


31 


127 


78 


76 


69 


137 


5 


18 


1954 


1,291 


33 


178 


136 


67 


15 


89 


7 


ill 


dollars 1959 


221,115 


4,780 


23,275 


13,575 


13,100 


8,840 


23,420 


2,000 


10 


1954 


122,561 


3,965 


12,495 


12,035 


5,578 


1,016 


11,366 


520 


41 




858 


56 


220 


117 


10 


16 


77 


11 


(! 


1954 


1,379 


42 


432 


130 


42 


23 


111 


23 


n 


number 1959 


24,130 


7,042 


3,647 


2,409 


25 


382 


3,165 


576 


44 


1954 


20,490 


1,574 


4,105 


3,567 


332 


350 


1,576 


476 


45 


dollars 1959 


820,420 


239,428 


123,998 


81,906 


850 


12,988 


107,610 


19,584 


48 


1954 


567,392 


39,126 


109,222 


103,644 


5,546 


7,631 


39,925 


12,721 


47 




913 


51 


109 


53 


47 


77 


77 


30 


48 


1954 


865 


22 


148 


32 


45 


52 


64 


39 


49 


number 1959 


19,151 


307 


4,890 


836 


626 


2,145 


1,350 


270 


50 


1954 


14,390 


204 


3,760 


333 


470 


514 


1,010 


958 


51 


dollars 1959 


248,963 


3,991 


63,570 


10,868 


8,138 


27,885 


17,550 


3,510 


52 


1954 
SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 


188,339 


3,490 


49,017 


4,125 


7,666 


7,621 


14,297 


11,694 


53 




1,328 


64 


143 


92 


72 


81 


116 


76 


54 


1954 


1,315 


40 


199 


55 


74 


90 


105 


74 


55 


number shorn 1959 


28,078 


590 


5,608 


1,284 


1,290 


1,722 


2,278 


1,083 


56 


1954 


23,574 


385 


5,189 


699 


1,063 


1,297 


1,819 


1,298 


57 


pounds of wool 1959 


200,460 


4,076 


39,158 


9,553 


9,450 


12,092 


15,980 


7,304 


58 


1954 


159,341 


2,945 


35,994 


5,068 


7,597 


8,674 


12,162 


7,622 


52 




73 


4 


15 


6 


5 




5 


2 


60 


number shorn 1959 


689 


28 


212 


32 


55 




32 


36 


61 


pounds of wool 1959 


3,617 


103 


1,046 


205 


309 




215 


163 


62 




1,314 


62 


134 


92 


72 


81 


116 


76 


63 


number shorn 1959 


27,389 


562 


5,396 


1,252 


1,235 


1,722 


2,246 


1,047 


64 


pounds of wool 1959 
LITTERS FARROWED 


196,843 


3,973 


38,112 


9,348 


9,111 


12,092 


15,765 


7,141 


65 


Litters farrowed, December 1, previous 




















year to November 30, Census year farms reporting 1959 


629 


26 


207 


69 


13 


8 


52 


8 


66 


1954 


857 


23 


337 


72 


24 


13 


59 


13 


67 


number of litters 1959 


4,497 


303 


1,062 


1,059 


60 


46 


307 


84 


68 


1954 
Farms reporting by number of litters farrowed 
December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959- 


4,521 


253 


975 


741 


107 


76 


376 


98 


69 




341 


9 


143 


23 


8 


1 


28 


3 


70 




181 


15 


41 


19 


3 


6 


18 


3 


71 




61 




14 


13 


1 




3 




72 




31 




8 


3 


1 


1 


2 


1 


73 




5 






2 








1 


74 




10 


2 


1 


4 






1 




75 




472 


20 


140 


58 


9 


6 


39 


6 


76 


1954 


531 


14 


194 


50 


17 


7 


39 


10 


77 


number of litters 1959 


2,110 


112 


600 


470 


25 


18 


125 


36 


78 


1954 


2,111 


149 


518 


292 


48 


31 


159 


54 


7» 




445 


23 


122 


53 


7 


7 


34 


7 


90 


1054 


590 


16 


210 


57 


21 


12 


44 


11 


81 


number of litters 1959 


2,387 


191 


462 


589 


35 


28 


182 


48 


82 


1954 


2,410 


104 


457 


449 


59 


45 


217 


44 



116 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 9.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SOLD FROM FARMS AND LITTERS FARROWED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 







[\lost data for 1959 are based on reports for only a san 


pie of farms. See text J 












Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 


Value of sales of livestock and/of livestock products 






















including dairy products:. . . dollars 1959.. . 


3,754,203 
2,626,683 


5,274,861 
3,468,762 


10,584,393 
7,730,557 


1,656,269 

1,378,112 


1,905,898 
1,133,297 


8,532,818 
5,952,103 


13,963,584 
11,288,587 


1,764,196 

964,144 


6,733,596 


2 


1954 . . . 


5,041,046 


3 


Any livestock sold alive (cattle, horses 
























291 


617 


1,005 


209 


146 


828 


618 


219 


626 


4 


1954 .. . 


338 


766 


1,228 


323 


164 


1,101 


710 


243 


622 


5 


value of sales, dollars 1959 . . . 


204,405 


469,195 


841,020 


124,754 


143,925 


826,911 


407,127 


92,368 


426,044 


6 


1954 . . . 


120,544 


340,145 


764, 558 


139,241 


74,802 


500,185 


259,271 


103,957 


420,979 


7 




242 


253 


395 


67 


100 


279 


469 


117 


355 


8 


1954... 


374 


372 


601 


156 


121 


495 


588 


201 


432 


9 


value of sales, dollars 1959. . . 


2,822,040 


2,454,166 


4,435,262 


772,233 


1,246,462 


3,808,424 


11,411,072 


1,138,937 


4,084,468 


10 


1954 . . . 


2,019,879 


1,533,924 


3,203,421 


415,922 


613,005 


2,553,033 


9,469,312 


425,148 


2,702,333 


11 


Livestock products other than poultry 
























727,758 
486,260 


2,351,500 
1,594,693 


5,308,111 
3,762,578 


759,282 
822,949 


515,511 
445,490 


3,897,483 
2,898,885 


2,145,385 
1,560,004 


532,891 
435,039 


2,223,084 


12 


1954 .. . 


1,917,734 




LrVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 




















13 




256 


560 


899 


194 


121 


752 


542 


171 


575 


14 


1954... 


307 


726 


1,139 


299 


158 


1,035 


661 


208 


565 


15 


number 1959. . . 


2,190 


6,279 


10,977 


1,701 


1,371 


11,180 


5,281 


1,242 


5,995 


16 


1954... 


2,083 


6,252 


12,244 


3,027 


1,505 


11,290 


5,764 


1,584 


6,842 


17 


dollars 1959... 


200,035 


412,694 


708,791 


109,157 


117,365 


685,711 


369,441 


68,238 


384,685 


is 


1954 . . . 


109,324 


296,208 


576,534 


121,528 


65,147 


440,550 


233,802 


85,591 


379,406 


19 




151 


380 


643 


133 


91 


487 


312 


99 


349 


20 


1954... 


232 


504 


833 


225 


114 


763 


466 


134 


398 


21 


number 1959.. . 


838 


1,942 


3,240 


543 


470 


3,257 


1,571 


276 


1,667 


22 


1954... 


833 


2,251 


4,535 


1,186 


526 


4,069 


1,796 


784 


2,623 


8 


dollars 1959... 


162,680 


318,795 


575,013 


90,427 


98,195 


479,512 


289,088 


42,483 


277,190 


24 


1954... 
Farms reporting by number of cattle sold— 


82,582 


226,942 


462,958 


99,759 


48,027 


361,260 


183,153 


69,557 


316,485 


25 




75 


243 


415 


103 


60 


307 


161 


76 


256 


28 




76 


126 


204 


21 


31 


156 


147 


23 


81 


27 






11 


24 


9 




24 


4 




11 


28 




















1 


29 




211 


444 


758 


168 


86 


680 


454 


120 


490 


30 


1954 ■ ■ ■ 


238 


581 


956 


250 


134 


881 


556 


152 


469 


31 


number 1959 . . . 


1,352 


4,337 


7,737 


1,158 


901 


7,923 


3,710 


966 


4,328 


32 


1954 .. . 


1,250 


4,001 


7,709 


1,841 


979 


7,221 


3,968 


800 


4,219 


33 


dollars 1959 . . . 


37,355 


93,899 


133,778 


18,730 


19,170 


206,199 


80,353 


25,755 


107,495 


34 


1954 . . . 


26,742 


69,266 


113,576 


21,769 


17,120 


79,290 


50,649 


16,034 


62,921 


35 




15 


35 


66 




10 


50 


35 


45 


30 


36 


1954... 


11 


28 


73 


18 


3 


51 


26 


19 


20 


37 


number 1959. . . 


25 


35 


501 




25 


160 


40 


60 


85 


38 


1954... 


39 


61 


296 


33 


5 


178 


39 


81 


34 


39 


dollars 1959... 


1,750 


4,275 


64,300 




6,000 


32,175 


4,010 


5,200 


14,415 


40 


1954 .. . 


3,096 


5,710 


29,228 


3,620 


700 


17,564 


2,998 


7,195 


5,475 


41 




20 


59 


93 


16 


20 


66 


46 


5 


26 


42 


1954... 


22 


135 


127 


41 


9 


99 


52 


19 


72 


43 


number 1959, . . 


35 


1,273 


1,008 


284 


490 


2,349 


745 


140 


560 


44 


1954... 


128 


1,467 


3,130 


308 


368 


1,135 


658 


126 


1,190 


45 


dollars 1959... 


1,190 


43,282 


34,272 


9,656 


16,660 


79,866 


25,330 


4,760 


19,040 


46 


1954... 


2,865 


33,707 


129,891 


7,425 


7,701 


24,280 


11,785 


3,250 


28,673 


47 




25 


56 


89 


18 


25 


100 


68 


45 


43 


48 


1954 . . . 


28 


38 


130 


29 


12 


93 


60 


36 


37 


43 


number 1959 .. . 


110 


688 


2,589 


457 


300 


2,243 


642 


1,090 


608 


50 


1954 . . . 


346 


351 


2,118 


550 


109 


1,675 


874 


546 


572 


51 


dollars 1959... 


1,430 


8,944 


33,657 


5,941 


3,900 


29,159 


8,346 


14,170 


7,904 


52 


1954 .. . 
SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 


5,259 


4,520 


28,905 


6,668 


1,254 


17,791 


10,686 


7,921 


7,425 


53 




65 


75 


144 


25 


32 


117 


110 


60 


56 


54 


1954... 


49 


67 


167 


36 


28 


124 


91 


55 


61 


55 


number shorn 1959 . . . 


1,072 


1,096 


3,509 


820 


490 


2,636 


2,020 


1,758 


822 


56 


1954 . . . 


541 


818 


3,444 


913 


281 


2,295 


1,479 


947 


1,106 


57 


pounds of wool 1959 . . . 


7,700 


6,829 


26,749 


6,068 


3,645 


20, 534 


14,065 


11,594 


5,693 


58 


1954 . . . 


3,627 


5,046 


23,487 


6,039 


1,992 


16,888 


9,268 


6,088 


6,844 


51 




4 


9 


1 


5 




8 


6 


1 


2 


60 


number shorn 1959 .. . 


17 


43 


4 


55 




120 


18 


22 


15 


61 


pounds of wool 1959 . . . 


81 


175 


15 


308 




748 


81 


100 


68 


62 




65 


73 


144 


25. 


32 


117 


109 


60 


56 


63 


number shorn 1959 . . . 


1,055 


1,053 


3,505 


765 


490 


2,516 


2,002 


1,736 


807 


64 


pounds of wool 1959 . . . 
LITTERS FARROWED 


7,619 


6,654 


26,734 


5,760 


3,645 


19,786 


13,984 


11,494 


5,625 


65 


Litters farrowed, December 1, previous 






















year to November 30, Census year farms reporting 1959 .. . 


9 


54 


57 


17 


5 


29 


24 


7 


44 


66 


1954... 


8 


62 


73 


18 


6 


60 


31 


10 


48 


67 


number of litters 1959.. . 


25 


244 


560 


58 


81 


182 


83 


27 


316 


68 


1954... 
Farms reporting by number of litters farrowed 
December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959- 


60 


313 


702 


55 


78 


213 


116 


26 


332 


69 




6 


31 


31 


9 


1 


14 


9 


3 


22 


70 


3 to 9 litters farms reporting 1959 .. . 


3 


14 


14 


6 


1 


7 


15 


4 


12 


71 






8 


7 


2 


1 


6 






6 


72 






1 


3 




2 


2 






2 


78 








2 












2 


74 






75 




6 


47 


44 


15 


4 


24 


17 


5 


32 


76 


1954... 


7 


35 


49 


12 


6 


39 


24 


7 


21 


77 


number of litters 1959 . . . 


6 


116 


259 


28 


30 


96 


39 


9 


141 


78 


1954 . . . 


30 


86 


368 


20 


35 


94 


51 


13 


163 


79 




9 


41 


45 


9 


5 


20 


20 


7 


36 


SO 


1954 .. . 


4 


46 


46 


11 


4 


41 


21 


6 


40 


Bl 


number of litters 1959. . . 


19 


128 


301 


30 


51 


86 


44 


18 


175 


B2 


1954... 


30 


227 


334 


35 


43 


119 


65 


13 


169 



MAINE 



117 



County Table 10.-DAIRY PRODUCTS AND POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD FROM FARMS: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for daily products sold for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Androscoggin 



DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Any milk Of Cream Sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Average sales per farm reporting dollars 

Milk sold as whole milk ' farms reporting 

pounds 

Cream sold farms reporting 

pounds of butierfat 

POULTRY AMD POULTRY PRODUCTS 

Poultry and poultry products sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chickens sold farms reporting 

number 

Broilers sold farms reporting 

number 

Other chickens sold farms reporting 

number 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

doxens 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 
poultry, and their eggs sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Turkeys and turkey fryers raised farms reporting 

number 

Farms reporting by number of turkeys and turkey fryers raised- 

Under 50 farms report! ng 

50 to 399 farms reporting 

400 or more farms reporting 



1959. 
1951, 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 

1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 



1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959- 
1954 
1959 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1954. 
1959 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1959. 
1959. 



7,102 
32,089,797 
24,339,434 

6,592 

4,591 

5,823 

635,450,409 

518,664,765 

429 

1,279 

295,870 

661,056 



4,657 

6,692 

61,683,684 

41,123,496 

3,459 

4,346 

54,052,943 

27,057,993 

1,102 

885 

49,863,080 

24,275,524 

2,537 

3,552 

4,189,863 

2,782,469 

3,173 

4,672 

51,686,216 

33,586,321 

167 

439 

347,306 

1,469,041 

166 

567 

83,673 

343,635 

120 
19 
27 



413 

382 

2,628,335 

1,808,463 

6,364 

393 

345 

50,016,529 

36,022,706 

35 

37 

16, 575 

31,081 



306 

316 

4,068,611 

2, 867, 124 

236 

217 

3,834,980 

1,887,821 

74 

35 

3,561,011 

1,672,581 

167 

187 

273, 969 

215,240 

201 

234 

3,071,911 

2,333,934 

13 

22 

10,371 

51,631 

13 

24 

2,580 

11,339 

10 
2 

1 



514 

1,043 

2,163,169 

1,989,257 

4,209 

404 

608 

45,972,993 

45,858,876 

160 

435 

61,305 

173,877 



566 

944 

1,493,787 

1,056,697 

295 

475 

174, 805 

83,524 



3,700 

295 

475 

174,805 

79,824 

532 

716 

2,712,465 

1,027,455 

13 

62 

35,323 

458,454 

24 

123 

8,840 

111,133 

19 

1 
4 



266 

412 

1,977,762 

1,679,768 

7,435 

246 

355 

35,864,176 

34,862,546 

25 

57 

11,750 

37,401 



430 

568 

5,506,405 

3,674,749 

340 

381 

4,373,869 

1,484,907 

97 

66 

3,960,728 

1,127,400 

251 

330 

413,141 

357, 507 

296 

420 

5,078,878 

4,514,424 

19 

47 

97,951 

147,476 

22 

42 

18,390 

31,335 

14 
1 
7 



265 

331 

1,205,534 

1,090,473 

4,549 

260 
289 

22,580,510 

22,431,118 

'36 

42 

5,985 

23,704 



174 

250 

1,142,766 

380,645 

101 

142 

1,288,104 

200,374 

26 

9 

1,234,263 

157,935 

76 

134 

53,841 

42,439 

129 

193 

584,691 

409,758 

7 

10 

1,811 

2,864 

8 

25 

310 

681 

7 

1 



102 

245 

511,526 

411,095 

5,015 

102 

176 

9,110,765 

7,571,635 

5 

69 

20,000 

41,893 



159 

305 

2,015,900 

1,308,724 

118 

165 

1,721,024 

583, 579 

33 

20 

1,618,800 

443,840 

89 

147 

102,224 

139,739 

119 

237 

1,778,726 

1,470,334 

4 

19 

270 

38,702 

7 

30 

72 

5,730 



651 

744 

4,735,760 

2 , 996, 267 

7,275 

615 

630 

92,140,360 

61,346,898 

51 

114 

88,080 

64,342 



472 

596 

10,256,798 

5,631,600 

411 

451 

9, 869, 663 

4,677,780 

175 

120 

9,317,053 

4,386,346 

250 

335 

552,610 

291,434 

253 

352 

7,517,296 

4,167,259 

20 

42 

15,137 

68,741 

13 

49 

2,507 

20,049 

9 
2 
2 



97 

169 

457,115 

482,497 

4,713 

96 

141 

8,699,967 

9,670,880 

12 

28 

8,835 

14,539 



271 

373 

5,026,353 

3,267,980 

154 

253 

3,083,203 

1,627,113 

77 

70 

2,590,522 

1,367,628 

191 

197 

492,681 

259,485 

188 

283 

5,981,679 

4,348,293 



21 

21,001 

41,836 

6 

13 

5,011 

8,971 

2 

1 
3 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Piscataquis 



Sagadahoc 



Washington 



DAIRY PRODUCTS 
Any milk or cream sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Average sales per farm reporting dollars 

Milk sold as whole milk farms reporting 

pounds 

Cream sold farms reporting 

pounds of butter'at 

POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS 
Poultry and poultry products Sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chickens sold farms reporting 

number 

Broilers sold farms reporting 

number 

Other chickens sold farms reporting 

number 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 
poultry, and tneir eggs sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Turkeys and turkey fryers raised farms reporting 

number 

Farms reporting by number of turkeys and turkey fryers raised- 

Under 50 farms reporting 

50 to 399 farms reporting 

400 or more farms reporting 



1951 

1 95 1 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 

1959. 
1954. 
1951 

1954 

l'l.Vl 

1954 

19SS 
1954. 



1959 
1954. 
1959, 
1954. 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 
1984 
L95B 
1954 

1959 
1954 
1958 
1954 
1959 
1954 
1959 



136 

162 

723,985 

484,338 

5,323 

136 

145 

13,171,135 

9,492,052 

5 

17 

25 

3,306 



242 

374 

2,822,040 

2,019,879 

199 

255 

1,785,776 

1,092,974 

32 

33 

1,568,500 

757,438 

174 

229 

217,276 

335,536 

182 

275 

3,317,130 

2,459,121 

6 

27 

652 

28,778 

ii 

6,536 



320 

498 

2,348,154 

1,59 ,019 

7,338 

305 

421 

44,171,005 

33,361,462 

15 

77 

1,885 

38,267 



253 

372 

2,454,166 

1,533,924 

193 

233 

1,902,032 

793,409 

40 

26 

1,755,353 

641,166 

157 

212 

146,679 

152,243 

181 

309 

2,420,488 

1,621,600 

6 

16 

1,052 

52,280 

4 

16 

188 

9,816 

3 
1 



661 

892 

5,295,004 

3,750,130 

8,011 

646 

770 

103,057,068 

82,477,744 

20 

122 

16,890 

70,253 



395 
601 

4,435,262 

3,203,421 

309 

417 

4,927,825 

2,309,103 

117 

88 

4,716,012 

2,124,716 

198 

339 

211,813 

184,387 

246 

389 

2,347,673 

2,162,666 

10 

28 

15,592 

29,355 

15 

54 

4,878 

10,484 

13 

2 



111 

216 

756,309 

819,748 

6,814 

106 

179 

16,025,559 

17,664,851 

10 

39 

355 

21,680 



67 

156 

772,233 

415,922 

47 

94 

553,912 

145,781 

9 

5 

494,500 

107,600 

38 

91 

59,412 

38,181 

51 

120 

789,462 

510,084 

5 

9 

15,062 

15,077 

4 

15 

3,818 

3,689 

2 

2 



71 

113 

513,725 

444,434 

7,236 

71 

96 

10,512,368 

7,978,754 

17 

17,418 



100 

121 

1,246,462 

613,005 

73 

76 

1,661,525 

529,125 

39 

21 

1,630,386 

505,296 

35 

56 

31,139 

23,829 

45 

81 

269, 507 

345,979 

6 

7 

15,306 

12,761 

7 

11 

2,606 

2,669 

5 
1 
1 



469 

784 

3,887,421 

2,889,934 

8,289 

459 

693 

87,803,266 

66,412,611 

10 

91 

16,550 

40,897 



279 

495 

3,808,424 

2,553,033 

213 

292 

3,367,936 

1,790,024 

66 

66 

3,149,500 

1,627,584 

147 

229 

218,436 

162,440 

185 

353 

2,996,564 

1,888,467 

13 

34 

99,795 

141,078 

14 

43 

31,538 

37,064 



380 

527 

2,138,493 

1,555,092 

5,628 

360 

479 

43,556,121 

37, 198, 990 

20 

48 

37, 575 

11,074 



469 

588 

11,411,072 

9,469,312 

417 

464 

12,232,201 

8,411,239 

244 

259 

11,599,911 

8,186,347 

181 

214 

632,290 

224,892 

192 

285 

6,703,746 

2,789,614 

19 

40 

2,400 

317,693 

16 

49 

416 

74,721 

14 
2 



94 

183 

527, 210 

431,812 

5,609 

64 

126 

10,305,851 

7,985,954 

15 

57 

8,150 

29,765 



117 

201 

1,138,937 

425,148 

68 

129 

165,688 

68,731 



12,000 

68 

129 

165,688 

56,731 

112 

147 

2,070,044 

611,506 

2 

11 

2,006 

11,131 

3 

15 

307 

1,778 

2 

1 



318 

399 

2,220,295 

1, 914, 107 

6,982 

308 

370 

42,462,736 

38,327,688 

10 

29 

1,910 

41,559 



355 

432 

4,084,468 

2,702,333 

285 

302 

3,110,400 

1,372,509 

73 

63 

2,666,541 

1,153,947 

220 

248 

443,859 

218,562 

261 

278 

4,045,956 

2,925,827 

16 

42 

13,577 

51.184 

10 

45 

2,212 

7,640 

5 
3 
2 



118 



Part 1 of 4 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitions and explanation?, see U?xl) 



Androscoggin 



Corn: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



Harvested for grain. 



.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres .1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 



Cut for silage farms reporting 



1959. 
1954. 
acres 1959. 
1954. 
tons, green weight 1959. 
1954. 



Hogged or grazed, or cut for 
green or dry fodder farms reporting 



Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting 

11 to 19 acree farms reporting 

20 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 74 acree farms reporting 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 or more acres.. farms reporting 



1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1959. 
1959. 
1959. 
1959. 
1959. 



Small grains harvested: 

Wheat farms reporting 1959... 

acreB 1959... 

bushels 1959... 

Sales bushels 1959... 

Oats farms reporting 1959... 

1954. . . 

acres 1959. . . 

1954... 

bushels 1959... 

1954... 

Sales bushels 1959. . . 

1954... 

Bucltwheat farms reporting 1959. . . 

acres 1959.. . 

bushels 1959... 

Sales bushels 1959. . . 



1,126 
1,794 
9,016 
10,823 

57 

111 

198 

454 

9,388 

17,150 

4 

8 

1,540 

815 

987 

1,525 

8,519 

9,634 

95,116 

77,567 

94 
209 
299 
735 

902 
143 
76 

1 
3 

1 

36 

355 

8,453 

6,458 

2,483 

3,997 

51,811 

74,779 

2,350,822 

2,429,555 

1,525,089 

1,313,385 

172 

791 

13,347 

6,959 



95 
129 
765 
849 

5 
5 
19 
20 
910 
1,210 
2 
1 
35 
25 

83 
109 
726 
784 
8,160 
6,146 

8 
18 
20 
45 

78 

11 

6 



31 

69 

212 



8 
24 
69 
200 
714 
1,535 



2 




26 


10 




310 


95 




7,503 
5,958 


15 




1,949 


31 




2,881 


132 




46,653 


229 




64,799 


5,211 


2 


145,664 


6,079 


2 


149,232 


450 


1 


477,796 


429 


1 


,267,548 

167 

772 

13,109 

6,959 



128 
547 
820 

14 
22 
36 
63 
1,815 
3,378 



250 

63 

94 

467 

718 

4,688 

4,496 

14 
13 
44 
39 

76 
10 
2 



29 

41 

268 

218 

7,603 

7,308 

1,450 

565 



52 

134 
361 
728 



18 
29 
600 
645 



49 
114 
343 
609 
4,244 
3,948 



12 

47 

63 

195 

1,569 

5,299 



3 

9 

13 

47 

275 

408 

2 

3 
9 
5 



17 
37 
146 
1,080 
3,134 
525 
900 



134 

210 

1,000 

1,301 

8 
16 
14 
62 
768 
1,849 



113 
187 
964 

1,201 
10,415 

9,140 

14 
11 
22 
38 

107 

21 

5 

1 



61 
123 
454 
938 
16,596 
24,229 
100 
680 



Stub items continued 



MAINE 



119 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 





















Parti of 4 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 


Corn: 


38 


90 


186 


30 


11 


126 


122 


3 


111 


2 


1954... 


39 


150 


306 


60 


17 


229 


165 


4 


152 


3 


acres 1959... 


238 


745 


1,793 


194 


65 


1,051 


837 


21 


1,124 


4 


1954... 


183 


773 


2,020 


364 


144 


1,295 


873 


21 


1,088 


5 




3 


3 


1 


1 


2 


4 


1 




11 


6 


1954... 


2 


17 


17 






15 


3 




9 


7 


acres 1959... 


6 


8 


1 


1 


5 


13 


4 




73 


S 


1954... 


2 


55 


104 






31 


7 




78 


9 


bushels 1959. . . 


335 


405 


45 


10 


130 


570 


300 




3,500 


10 


1954... 


65 


2,819 


3,360 






999 


140 




2,550 


u 












1 








1 


12 


1954... 




2 


3 












13 


bushels 1959... 










5 








1,500 


14 


1954... 




415 


125 














15 




35 


79 


174 


27 


7 


119 


117 


2 


85 


If. 


1954... 


34 


135 


271 


57 


15 


198 


139 


2 


118 


17 


acres 1959... 


214 


724 


1,755 


191 


58 


1,021 


815 


9 


971 


L8 


1954... 


170 


703 


1,815 


353 


131 


1,148 


718 


15 


949 


1" 


tons, green weight 1959... 


2,232 


8,655 


19,448 


2,478 


668 


11,274 


10,150 


95 


9,519 


20 


1954... 


2,039 


7,169 


14,953 


2,960 


1,132 


9,174 


6,098 


150 


7,437 


2] 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 
green or dry fodder farms reporting 1959... 


1 


9 


11 


2 


1 


3 


5 


1 


19 


.'."' 


1954... 


3 


6 


29 


3 


3 


29 


25 


2 


26 


23 


acres 1959.. . 


18 


13 


37 


2 


2 


17 


18 


12 


80 


24 


1954... 


11 


15 


101 


11 


13 


116 


148 


6 


61 


25 


Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting 1959... 


35 


76 


125 


26 


9 


103 


106 


2 


79 


26 


11 to 19 acres farms reporting 1959 


2 


7 


38 


3 


1 


12 


12 


1 


19 


27 


20 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959... 


1 


5 


23 


1 


1 


10 


4 




12 


28 


50 to 74 acres farms reporting 1959... 




















29 


75 to 99 acres farms reporting 1959... 




1 








1 






1 


30 


100 or more acres. . .farms reporting 1959... 




1 
















31 


Small grains harvested : 






2 


• 




4 






1 
2 


V 


acres 1959.. . 






12 






15 






33 


bushels 1959... 






335 






400 






20 


34 








308 






192 








35 




4 


10 


182 


37 


11 


112 


24 


25 


5 


36 


1954... 


14 


46 


345 


104 


8 


194 


69 


48 


20 


37 


acres 1959. . . 


24 


83 


1,965 


377 


114 


1,152 


182 


209 


86 


38 


1954. . . 


97 


276 


3,990 


1,276 


160 


1,567 


507 


200 


122 


39 


bushels 1959... 


980 


3,025 


89,059 


16,525 


5,066 


43,397 


5,631 


7,141 


1,800 


40 


1954... 


1,673 


9,084 


116,859 


32,617 


2,667 


45,473 


14,712 


5,869 


3,777 


41 




200 


60 


33,460 

27,113 


4,430 


100 


3,865 

3,316 


448 


1,805 


400 


42 


1954. . . 




325 


7,429 


100 


2,900 


1,040 


1,000 


43 








3 






1 








44 


acres 1959. . . 






14 






3 








45 


bushels 1959. . . 






188 






40 








46 
























Stub items continued 



120 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table ll.-FA'RMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTER 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Part 2 of 4 




















Item 
(For definition? and explanation?, see text) 


The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 


i 


Hay crops: 


451,067 


28,936 


42,417 

84,330 


34,095 


23,197 


8,845 


59,187 


10,532 


2 


1954... 


513,188 


28,214 


35,143 


24,327 


12,044 


56,879 


10,324 


3 


Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 1959... 


389 


42 


27 


26 


35 


8 


30 


12 


4 


1954... 


528 


51 


70 


60 


21 


42 


48 


17 


5 


acres 1959. ., 


5,585 


548 


470 


232 


226 


132 


426 


153 


6 


1954... 


10,346 


887 


1,678 


1,540 


340 


515 


1,069 


214 


7 


tons 1959... 


10,226 


1,432 


665 


492 


467 


186 


718 


357 


8 


1954... 


13,321 


1,127 


2,033 


1,939 


567 


577 


1,669 


287 


9 




46 


2 


5 


3 


6 


1 


5 


2 


10 


1954... 


46 


2 


14 


5 


1 


1 


3 


1 


11 


tons 1959... 


746 


46 


73 


40 


85 


2 


62 


12 


12 


1954... 


1,407 


33 


613 


210 


8 


4 


15 


13 


13 


Clover, titnothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 1959... 


9,141 


488 


1,656 


545 


378 


215 


839 


311 


14 


1954. . . 


. 14,306 


70S 


3,017 


748 


427 


580 


1,411 


354 


15 


acres 1959... 


325,068 


20,339 


40,477 


22,322 


13,737 


4,902 


38,613 


7,701 


16 


1954. . . 


397,813 


22,715 


79,960 


21,596 


11,810 


8,892 


45,847 


7,470 


17 


tons 1959... 


422,770 


28,562 


54,287 


25,174 


18,104 


5,462 


50,644 


9,651 


18 


1954. . . 


482,156 


28,730 


89,605 


26,447 


15,307 


9,714 


54,297 


9,434 


L9 




2,478 


107 


325 


190 


84 


60 


245 


115 


20 


1954... 


1,784 


86 


516 


77 


20 


54 


147 


23 


21 


tons 1959... 


70,663 


2,042 


19,077 


4,017 


1,568 


733 


6,831 


1,663 


22 


1954... 


46,215 


2,343 


11,883 


2,604 


617 


837 


4,156 


542 


23 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 


1,812 


83 


396 


110 


69 


87 


135 


77 


24 




2,771 


124 


669 


154 


100 


69 


175 


116 


25 




2,366 


132 


390 


138 


114 


34 


244 


85 


26 




1,549 


109 


155 


90 


74 


17 


179 


22 


27 


100 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


643 


40 


46 


53 


21 


8 


106 


11 


28 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay.... farms reporting 1959... 


667 


50 


25 


53 


27 


18 


61 


16 


29 


1954... 


810 


34 


94 


53 


61 


9 


74 


30 


30 


acres 1959... 


4,550 


274 


342 


261 


264 


95 


295 


109 


31 


1954... 


6,553 


320 


971 


396 


380 


56 


607 


296 


32 


tons 1959... 


7,398 


551 


458 


495 


272 


163 


569 


191 


33 


1954... 


8,454 


461 


1,148 


653 


466 


50 


778 


356 


34 




47 


1 


6 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


35 


1954... 


23 


1 


7 


1 


1 




2 




36 


tons 1959... 


666 


25 


66 


12 


5 


11 


17 


65 


37 


1954. . . 


424 


10 


108 


15 


43 




107 




38 




4,091 
"4,332 


268 
144 


33 
39 


326 
428 


317 
523 


219 
215 


759 
387 


107 


39 


1954... 


130 


40 


acres 1959... 


104,092 


6,796 


761 


10,191 


8,082 


3,554 


18,625 


2,259 


41 


1954... 


89,655 


3,582 


685 


10,731 


11,311 


2,471 


8,440 


2,015 


42 


tons 1959... 


103,545 


8,181 


967 


8,304 


7,212 


3,184 


18 ,900 


2,527 


43 


1954... 


83,383 


3,129 


926 


10,316 


10,222 


1,878 


8,524 


2,254 


44 




1,339 


73 


5 


110 


90 


76 


356 


33 


45 


1954... 


388 


7 


1 


58 


30 


10 


45 


9 


46 


tons 1959... 


20,732 


1,107 


106 


1,683 


1,232 


814 


6,040 


545 


47 


1954... 


8,495 


153 


11 




737 


125 


1,084 


159 


48 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 


1,085 


64 


7 


89 


7? 


87 


168 


41 


49 




1,470 


96 


15 


99 


127 


89 


315 


27 


50 




977 


72 


7 


74 


71 


33 


191 


30 


51 




428 


28 


4 


43 


27 


8 


67 


7 


5< 


100 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


131 


8 




21 


14 


2 


18 


2 


53 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting 1959... 


585 


50 


14 


47 


53 


9 


60 


20 


54 


1954... 


594 


50 


45 


55 


44 


8 


63 


22 


55 


acres 1959 .. . 


11,772 


979 


367 


1,089 


888 


162 


. 


310 


56 




8,821 


710 


1,036 


880 


486 


110 


916 


329 


57 


tons, green weight 1959... 


63,939 


5,691 


2,460 


5,715 


, 


. 


6,140 


1,790 


58 


1954. . . 


46,047 


3,775 


6,994 


3,579 


2,436 


515 


4,109 


1,859 



Stuh items continued 



MAINE 



121 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



Part 2 of 4 





[loi 
(For definitions and explanation!;, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 


Hay crops: 


15,561 


25,397 


55,321 


12,555 


9,463 


48,726 


29,740 


9,396 


37,699 


2 


1954... 


15,269 


31,033 


61,312 


14,950 


10,198 


52,043 


30,712 


12,159 


34,251 


3 


Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 1959... 


5 


28 


34 


6 


6 


25 


28 


6 


71 


4 


1954... 


18 


35 


31 


11 


4 


27 


20 


6 


67 


5 


acres 1959 .. . 


109 


304 


757 


36 


90 


742 


322 


54 


984 


6 


1954. . . 


367 


410 


732 


430 


24 


892 


291 


68 


889 


7 


tons 1959... 


315 


617 


1,306 


94 


137 


1,300 


645 


89 


1,406 


8 


1954... 


358 


527 


1,054 


525 


32 


1,009 


406 


57 


1,154 


9 




1 




10 






1 
4 


2 
2 


1 


7 
4 


10 


1954... 


1 


2 


3 


3 




XI 


tons 1959... 


15 




312 






6 


4 


5 


84 


12 


1954... 


30 


85 


52 


41 




145 


110 




48 


13 


Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 1959... 


354 


596 


1,023 


242 


165 


736 


531 


365 


697 


14 


1954... 


575 


870 


1,505 


370 


■202 


1,163 


841 


704 


831 


15 


acres 1959... 


10,110 


18,564 


-4,628 


10,751 


7,007 


34,045 


19,310 


7,161 


25,401 


16 


1954 . . . 


12,493 


21,478 


49,396 


12,233 


7,410 


37,451 


23,744 


10,905 


24,413 


17 


tons 1959... 


11,176 


23,296 


58,187 


15,131 


8,478 


47,972 


26,939 


10,078 


29,629 


18 


1954... 


13,220 


26,158 


63,074 


16,088 


8,872 


46,640 


30,644 


14,338 


29,588 


L9 




97 


135 


317 
199 


66 

50 


51 

15 


183 
169 


137 
145 


135 
63 


231 
79 


20 


1954... 


57 


84 


2] 


tons 1959... 


1,623 


2,314 


10,080 


1,825 


1,105 


6,776 


4,248 


2,252 


4,509 


22 


1954... 


1,449 


1,815 


6,797 


1,447 


319 


3,988 


3,800 


1,620 


1,998 


2: 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 


75 


103 


144 


21 


23 


107 


82 


153 


147 


24 




136 


199 


280 


70 


44 


143 


145 


121 


226 


25 




82 


180 


265 
223 
111 


71 
55 
25 


50 
30 
18 


215 

200 

71 


151 

123 

30 


49 
33 
9 


166 
106 
52 


26 




44 


89 


27 


100 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


17 


25 


28 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay farms reporting 1959... 


14 


70 


87 




4 


60 


46 


19 


93 


29 


1954... 


14 


86 


91 


38 


12 


80 


51 


16 


67 


30 


acreE 1959... 


108 


248 


749 


191 


48 


474 


277 


167 


648 


31 


1954... 


339 


454 


918 


230 


118 


305 


473 


114 


576 


32 


tons 1959... 


158 


319 


1,207 


282 


164 


780 


645 


253 


891 


33 


1954... 


423 


723 


1,219 


227 


155 


486 


479 


117 


713 


34 




1 


3 


8 


1 




6 


1 


3 


10 


35 


1954... 




5 


4 






1 






1 


:* 


tons 1959... 


20 


8 


103 


30 




113 


1 


28 


162 


17 


1954... 




36 


85 






5 






15 


38 




152 


270 
422 


274 
363 


51 
. 104 


79 

103 


375 
553 


323 
318 


193 
117 


345 
366 


jg 


1954... 


120 


40 


acres 1959. .. 


4,897 


5,887 


7,517 


1,134 


2,071 


11,891 


8,706 


1,937 


9,784 


,1 


1954... 


1,913 


8,330 


8,904 


1,681 


2,513 


12,567 


5,661 


1,045 


7,806 


4; 


tons 1959 .. . 


4,119 


6,348 


8,660 


977 


1,920 


11,397 


9,856 


2,253 


8,740 


42 


1954... 


2,146 


7,698 


9,161 


1,713 


2,101 


9,282 


5,968 


1,056 


7,009 


44 




57 

7 


69 
29 


78 
32 


18 
8 


26 

13 


109 
77 


89 
23 


58 
6 


92 
33 


45 


1954. . . 


46 


tons 1 1 


725 


898 


1,586 


152 


596 


1,796 


1,723 


..,., 


1,009 


4? 


1954... 


158 


526 


1,387 


100 


189 


1,231 


383 


69 


662 


48 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 


34 


77 
104 


71 
84 
79 
28 
12 


8 

27 

12 

2 

2 


23 

20 
21 
13 
2 


76 

111 

118 

53 

17 


70 
129 
64 

50 
10 


121 

54 

12 

6 


71 
125 

93 
45 
11 


49 




46 


50 




39 

21 


61 
26 
2 


51 




52 


100 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


10 


52 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting 1959... 


14 


33 


80 


19 


7 


68 


63 


5 


43 


54 


1954... 


15 


43 


75 


22 


6 


54 


52 


3 


37 


55 


acres 1959... 


337 


394 


1,670 


443 


247 


1,574 


1,125 


77 


882 


"> 


1954... 


157 


361 


1,362 


376 


133 


828 


543 


27 


567 


57 


tons, green weight 1959 


1,415 


2,492 


9,333 


3,008 


951 


8,693 


5,438 


637 


4,916 


58 


. 


828 


1,634 


7,012 


1,616 


514 


4,391 


. 


81 


2,774 



Stub items continued 



122 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



Part 3 of 4 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 





Item 
(For definitions una explanations, see lent) 


The State 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 


Other field crops: 

Irish potatoes harvested for 

1954... 

acres 1959 1 . . 

1954 2 .. 

barrels 1959... 

1954. . . 


5,818 

9,223 

133,349 

130,303 

19,375,183 

17,134,789 


203 
202 
320 
268 
46,271 
32,424 


2,519 

3,269 

125,126 

120,414 

18,248,798 

16,059,625 


352 
498 
556 
251 
59,087 
15,265 


198 

338 

69 

129 

4,198 

9,277 


220 
577 
41 
87 
2,745 
5,019 


357 
455 
243 
486 
26,723 
33,375 


54 

193 

56 

68 

6,673 

8,358 


7 
8 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 


2,815 
288 


184 
9 


17 
24 


295 
43 


181 
14 


203 

16 


322 

25 


50 
3 


9 
10 




93 

136 


2 

4 


45 
99 


8 
2 


1 
2 


1 


1 
2 




11 
12 


10.0 to 24.9 ecree farms reporting 1959... 


562 
1,924 


4 


501 
1,633 


2 
2 






4 
3 


1 


13 


Dry field and seed beans 


453 

871 


28 
16 


5 

10 


43 
44 


11 
41 


17 
23 


58 
84 




14 


1954. . . 


20 


15 
16 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


1,415 ' 
2,731 ! 


28 
46 


16 
10 


18 
37 


12 
31 


3 

14 


224 
302 


26 

16 


17 
18 


bushels 1959... 
1954... 


17,845 
32, 218 


200 
645 


241 
165 


189 

380 


52 

185 


50 
242 


3,108 
4,296 


372 
254 


19 

20 


Vegetables for home use and for sale 
(other than Irish end sweet potatoes): 
Vegetables harvested for 

1954. . . 


12,235 
16,380 


681 
681 


1,800 
2,536 


891 
1,328 


551 
758 


469 
846 


1,380 
1,278 


464 
554 


21 


Vegetables harvested 


1,392 

2,307 

14,701 

18,926 


88 
108 
490 
512 


177 

411 

4,489 

7,769 


157 

217 

1,697 

2,078 


66 
91 
586 
621 


36 

57 
73 
70 


126 
198 
760 
734 


36 


22 
23 

as 


1954. . . 

acres 1959. . . 

1954. . . 


49 
103 
126 


25 
26 


1954... 


2,501,374 
2,404,464 


60,329 
74,704 


420,012 
359,571 


675,424 
600,426 


70,959 
107,616 


18,433 
16,571 


124,063 
91,437 


15,850 
17,645 


27 
28 


1954. . . 


415 
320 


37 
25 


9 
2 


67 
68 


8 

4 


15 
21 


50 
41 


16 

13 


29 

30 


acres 1959. . . 
1954... 


149 
155 


11 
13 


2 

(Z) 


51 
55 


1 
(Z) 


5 
3 


16 
18 


10 
6 


31 
32 


1954. . . 


806 
1,049 


60 
68 


16 
17 


102 
122 


38 

41 


22 
28 


84 
120 


22 
25 


33 
34 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


4,914 
4,485 


295 
316 


11 
9 


330 
358 


319 
302 


10 
10 


318 
265 


17 
30 


35 
36 


Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting 1959... 

1954. . . 


455 
523 


35 
34 


12 
3 


58 
75 


13 
13 


17 
24 


53 

43 


12 

14 


37 
38 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


215 

402 


22 

30 


1 
(Z) 


28 

77 


4 
11 


3 
3 


26 
23 


3 
4 


39 

40 


Snap beans (bush and 

1954. . . 


521 
861 


33 
37 


17 
51 


73 
88 


16 
42 


20 
26 


46 
97 


10 
20 


43 

42 


acres 1959. . . 
1954. . . 


2,109 
2,347 


83 

77 


23 
169 


110 
105 


189 
262 


25 

21 


80 
166 


2 
9 


i 3 

44 


1954. . . 


282 

• 305 


14 

14 


16 

5 


47 

70 


5 

5 


15 

18 


32 
33 


9 
13 


45 
46 


acres 1959. . . 
1954. . . 


321 
329 


8 
21 


28 
1 


183 

173 


1 
2 


3 
2 


13 
16 


4 

6 


47 
48 


1954. . . 


592 
883 


30 
20 


142 
361 


66 
72 


14 
19 


31 

35 


48 

79 


17 

20 


49 
50 


acres 1959. . . 
1954... 


4,616 
8,496 


9 

11 


4,381 
7,585 


42 

45 


4 
6 


8 
7 


39 

150 


8 
16 


52 


1954... 


575 
453 


34 
23 


12 
3 


95 

87 


29 
15 


21 
25 


58 
42 


20 
29 


53 

54 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


1,018 ■ 
902 


46 

20 


3 

1 


309 
319 


67 
28 


5 
6 


111 

54 


51 
27 


55 
56 


1954... 


277 
302 


18 
16 


11 
4 


40 
67 


4 

7 


18 
28 


25 
26 


8 

13 


57 
58 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


241 
426 


4 
7 


2 

(Z) 


88 

103 


(z) 

1 


2 

3 


7 
6 


1 
2 


59 
60 


1954... 


190 
168 


7 
6 


3 

1 


44 
64 


2 


11 
19 


20 

14 


4 
7 


61 
62 
63 

64 
65 
61 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 

1954. . . 

acres 1959. . . 

1954. . . 


449 
760 
264 
244 
94 
55 


2 
2 

14 
9 
2 

1 


(z) 

(z) 

9 

3 
1 

(z) 


361 
641 
36 
51 
46 
22 


(Z) 

5 
4 

1 
1 


3 
2 
19 
27 
2 
3 


6 
5 
25 
18 
7 
2 


1 
2 
7 
11 
2 
3 



Z Reported in small fractions. 
harvested. 



Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels 

Stub items continued 



y 



MAINE 

County Table ll.-FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



123 



Part 3 of 4 





Item 
(For definitions and explanation*, see text) 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


1 

2 

3 
4 
5 
6 


Other field crops: 

Irish potatoes harvested for 

home use or for sale farms reporting 1959... 

1954. . . 

acres 1959 1 .. 

1954 2 .. 

barrels 1959... 

1954. . . 


203 

326 

31 

71 

3,171 

6,580 


434 
697 
354 
383 
38,838 
37,694 


242 

540 

4,196 

4,696 

626,876 

565,140 


54 

168 

657 

1,304 

118,034 

141,836 


70 
132 
10 
33 
651 
2,238 


158 
464 
376 
631 
56,024 
51,550 


174 
358 
559 
926 
76,295 
114,857 


239 
474 
358 
323 
39,206 
36,892 


341 
532 
197 
233 
21,593 
14,659 


7 
8 


Farms reporting by acres harvested: 

Under 1 acre farms reporting 1959. . . 


196 

5 


402 
24 


104 
36 


23 

8 


66 
3 


129 
16 


136 
17 


197 
19 


310 
26 


i 

ID 




1 


3 


7 
11 


6 

1 


1 


1 
6 


6 

3 


8 
6 


2 


11 

u 


10.0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting 1959... 

25 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


1 


3 
2 


30 
54 


6 
10 




2 

4 


6 
6 


6 

3 


1 
2 


13 

14 


Dry field and seed beans 

1954. . . 


5 
25 


43 
53 


69 

169 


10 
35 


"h 


33 
109 


31 
122 


46 

40 


44 
73 


15 

16 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


5 
27 


28 
25 


1,083 


16 
40 


ii 


364 
581 


152 
432 


65 
49 


14 
27 


17 

IS 


bushels 1959... 
1954... 


99 

169 


251 
450 


7,005 
12,065 


178 
413 


104 


3,954 
5,589 


1,607 
5,888 


414 
939 


125 
434 


19 


Vegetables for home use and for sale 
(other than Iri6h and sweet potatoea): 
Vegetables harvested for 


496 
733 


808 
1,091 


1,145 
1,710 


260 
392 


216 

270 


850 
1,371 


840 
972 


453 

770 


931 
1,090 


20 


1954. . . 


."'1 

23 
34 


Vegetables harvested 

1954... 

acres 1959. . . 

1954. . . 


55 

46 

387 

130 


129 

237 

1,582 

1,278 


140 

239 

1,321 

1,362 


9 
27 

89 
702 


17 

34 

458 

364 


90 

227 

1,488 

1,772 


75 
186 
675 
862 


55 

57 

139 

163 


136 
123 
364 
383 






55,910 
14,692 


191,076 
133,529 


219,693 
264,419 


14,270 
132,952 


203,426 
217,416 


186,672 
182,095 


135,553 
91,295 


20,876 
29,866 


88,828 
70,230 


26 


1954. . . 


27 
28 


1954... 


30 
12 


17 

12 


42 
36 


2 

1 


8 

11 


15 
14 


11 
13 


18 
16 


70 
31 


29 

30 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


4 
1 


3 
3 


11 
22 


(Z) 
(2) 


8 
6 


4 
6 


2 
2 


3 
3 


18 
17 


31 
32 


1954... 


44 
35 


76 

104 


97 
142 


8 
14 


14 
24 


58 
109 


46 
95 


30 
30 


89 

75 


1 
34 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


155 
26 


1,314 
942 


590 
509 


41 
244 


184 
35 


809 
802 


342 
424 


11 
12 


168 
201 


15 
Jf 


Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting 1959... 

1954... 


28 
11 


44 
137 


40 
35 


4 

1 


8 
12 


ZL 

17 


14 
14 


28 
26 


68 
64 


38 


acres 1959. . . 
1954. . . 


7 
2 


36 
135 


24 
24 


1 
10 


14 
10 


4 
10 


2 
2 


4 
5 


36 
56 


40 


Snap beans (bush and 

1954... 


34 
20 


30 
45 


66 
121 


6 
11 


8 
12 


41 
118 


24 

103 


30 
36 


67 
34 


41 

42 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


149 
62 


48 
48 


444 
374 


36 
187 


76 
12 


516 
451 


217 
285 


73 
100 


38 
19 


43 

44 


1954... 


17 
14 


14 
12 


25 
36 


5 
3 


2 
8 


9 

15 


8 
16 


27 
22 


37 
21 


45 
46 


acres 1959... 
1954... 


2 
5 


8 
5 


31 
45 


3 
20 


13 
7 


3 
2 


2 
3 


8 
7 


11 
14 


47 
48 


1954. . . 


33 
23 


30 
29 


52 
64 


6 

7 


6 
8 


21 
50 


15 
41 


30 
23 


51 
32 


49 

50 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


12 

7 


15 
9 


25 

138 


4 
133 


2 
3 


9 
251 


32 

119 


• 
6 


19 
10 


51 
52 


1954... 


35 
26 


51 
36 


61 
51 


5 
2 


7 
9 


33 
42 


28 

13 


31 

23 


55 
27 


S3 

54 


acres 1959.. . 
1954. . . 


44 
22 


71 
112 


53 
58 


3 

10 


30 
8 


122 
185 


57 
13 


9 
12 


37 
27 


55 
56 


1954. . 


21 
9 


15 
14 


20 
28 


3 
5 


2 
5 


15 

14 


8 
17 


28 
26 


41 
23 


57 
58 


acres 1959... 
1954. . . 


3 

1 


2 

3 


20 
31 


(Z) 
52 


86 
201 


13 
2 


1 
2 


5 
7 


7 
5 


59 
60 


1954. . . 


21 
3 


8 
6 


14 
14 


1 
1 


3 

5 


6 

3 


5 
6 


10 
6 


31 
13 


61 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 


acres 1959. . . 

1954. . . 
Beets (table) ferms reporting 1959. . . 

1951... 
acres 195't. . . 

1954. . . 


3 
(2) 
21 
8 
3 
1 


5 
2 
13 
11 
2 
1 


42 
63 
25 
29 

10 
7 


(z) 

30 

4 

(z) 


17 
7 
3 
6 
2 
2 


1 

(Z) 

11 

14 

1 

2 


1 
1 
5 
17 
1 
2 


1 

1 

24 

18 
5 
4 


6 

4 
43 
18 
9 
4 



Z Reported in small fractions, 
harvested. 



I Does rot include acreage for farms with less than 10 barrels harvested. 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with lees than 20 bushels 

Stub items continued 



124 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 11. 



Part 4 of 4 



-FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitic 



Item 

5 and explanations, see lex!) 



Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 

Strawberries farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 



Raspberries. 



• farms reporting 1959: 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 



Blueberries (tame 
and wild) 



.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

pounds 1959. 

1954. 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 1 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, 

and planted nut trees farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 



Apples farms reporting 

Trees of all ages number 

Trees not of bearing age number 

Trees of bearing age number 

Quantity harvested bushels 

Peaches farms reporting 

Trees of all ages number 

Trees not of bearing age number 

Trees of bearing age number 

Quantity harvested bushels 



546 
655 

346 

422 

474,743 

722,051 

437 
354 
146 
208 
88,274 
114,530 



1,235 

1,441 

24,970 

26,500 

15,168,659 

17,223,947 



1,635 

1,874 

11,050 

10,808 

1,625 
1,943 
372,851 
384,733 
77,165 
94,023 
295,686 
290,710 
1,813,673 
616,754 

246 

326 

4,263 

6,629 

1,07" 

3,317 

3,186 

3,312 

644 

792 



Androscoggin 



37 

27 

26 

8 

34,230 

7,033 

38 
22 
15 
11 
13,751 
5,720 



17 

15 

141 

111 

53,240 

39,428 



120 

91 

1,443 

1,240 

119 
92 
58,567 
39,495 
16,956 
16,240 
41,611 
23,255 
328,437 
86,574 

32 

16 
456 
707 

49 
473 
407 
236 

12 



28 
38 
15 
27 
23,784 
14,592 

12 
22 

3 

10 

1,225 

2,585 



2 

1 I 

2 | 
(Z) i 
460 i 

5 I 



73 
62 
90 
91 

73 

112 

2,658 

4,493 

513 

1,149 

2,145 

3,344 

1,877 

605 

2 
1 

14 
2 
1 
2 

13 



96 
156 
81 
136 
112,620 
238,221 

55 
51 
17 
37 
8,082 
18,031 



38 

84 

1,239 

1,251 

450,379 

1,107,723 



136 

166 

1,067 

912 

127 
173 
36,549 
33 , 588 
8,870 
9,009 
27,679 
24,579 
199,828 
76,693 

44 

66 

543 

1,068 

112 

656 

431 

412 

41 

48 



25 
18 
12 
12 
29,157 
24,626 

29 

21 

8 

10 

5,020 

5,052 



14 

11 

294 

320 

114,026 

216,089 



161 

182 

1,097 

1,027 

161 

177 
35,974 
37,476 
6,463 
8,325 
29,511 
29,151 
82,579 
45,742 

17 

11 

110 

110 

33 

81 

77 

29 

12 

1 



26 

52 
5 

18 

8,741 

33,105 

23 
22 



2,620 
1,582 



299 

380 

4,707 

6,630 

3,263,468 

3,821,432 



57 

70 

177 

210 

59 

69 

2,859 

6,566 

786 

809 

2,073 

5,757 

6,957 

13,869 

8 
14 
51 
59 
41 
51 
10 



60 
49 
32 
19 
40,679 
18,903 

73 

26 

31 

8 

14,646 

9,036 



22 

19 

178 

210 

95,225 

116,184 



189 

147 

1,492 

1,793 

189 

144 

55,648 

62,244 

7,788 

14,417 

47,860 

47,827 

304,169 

141,968 

20 
28 
216 
106 
46 
72 
170 
34 
11 
1 



18 
15 
3 
7 
5,258 
9,045 

16 
10 
8 
9 
4,397 
6,052 



185 

224 

3,553 

3,464 
2,905,104 
3,045,391 



44 
39 
181 
199 

42 
40 
6,423 
8,172 
1,329 
2,896 
5,094 
5,276 
22,192 
8,377 

4 
11 
55 
77 
19 
72 
36 
5 
4 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



MAINE 



125 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



Part 4 of 4 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Piscataquis 



Bn ffWilnh (J 



Washlngtm, 



Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 

Strawberries farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 

Raspberries farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 

Blueberries (tame 

and wild ) f arms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

pounds 1959. 

1954. 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 1 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , 

and planted nut trees farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Apples farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

Trees of all ages number 1959. 

1954. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1959. 

1954. 

Trees of bearing age number 1959. 

1954. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Peaches farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

Trees of all ages number 1959. 

1954. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1959. 

1954. 

Trees of bearing age number 1959. 

1954. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1959. 

1954. 



22 
35 

10 

14 

9,609 

7,812 

18 

22 



2,516 
2,196 



61 

101 

1,648 

1,358 

1,029,242 

645,723 



46 

29 
25 

12 
63,492 
19,014 

39 

24 

12 

6 

6,490 

4,496 



18 

17 

179 

125 

108,704 

142,676 



40 


166 


63 


215 


159 


1,626 


211 


1,396 


40 


164 


72 


218 


6,145 


44,855 


8,873 


46,834 


3,636 


6,300 


4,945 


9,886 


2,509 


38,555 


3,928 


36,948 


0,896 


255,078 


7,070 


58,390 


5 


27 


14 


34 


23 


563 


84 


860 


3 


200 


71 


189 


20 


363 


13 


671 


2 


5 


1 


17 



51 
57 
32 
38 
49,267 
60,628 

46 
38 
21 
10 
12,346 
9,255 



7 

6 

153 

42 

77,034 

13,684 



10 

3 

3 

4,002 

2,310 

7 

13 

2 

2 

640 

1,056 



7 

15 

185 

248 

78,581 

108,329 



133 


28 


185 


83 


626 


134 


623 


213 


132 


28 


182 


87 


18, 110 


3,546 


20,398 


9,076 


3,923 


428 


3,684 


800 


14,187 


3,118 


16,714 


8,276 


71,916 


14,291 


26,168 


7,047 


4 




17 


3 


13 




67 


29 


7 




55 


29 


6 




12 





2 

10 

1 

5 

250 

5,130 

2 
5 

(Z) 

2 

30 

785 



2 
4 
6 
4 
610 
885 



20 
30 
126 

84 

20 

33 

2,583 

3,141 

107 
1,138 
2,476 
2,003 
5,760 

970 

5 
11 
53 
85 
22 
55 
31 
30 
14 



33 

30 

14 

12 

20,840 

17,220 

17 

23 

4 

5 

4,955 

6,460 



1,300 
21,638 



124 
161 
643 
563 

133 

166 

15,440 

17,199 

3,180 

2,970 

12,260 

14,229 

47,590 

23,812 

2 
20 

6 
69 

4 
50 

2 
19 



21 

39 

8 

54 

6,703 

104,997 

23 

33 

6 

70 

5,940 

36,595 



96 

78 

2,203 

1,358 

1,060,587 

1,590,076 



116 
131 
469 
585 

114 
132 
14,453 
22,052 
1,893 
4,535 
12,560 
17,517 
30,295 
15,849 

7 

18 

40 

102 

32 



19 
24 
44 
30 
49,553 
116,512 



5 

4 

2 

1,828 

251 



444 

461 

10,392 

11,278 

5,757,176 

6,346,834 



68 
68 

177 

141 

68 
71 
6,295 
..,315 
1,665 
939 
4,630 
3,876 
4,675 
2,046 



54 
66 
35 
27 
16,558 
42,903 

31 
17 
8 
12 
3,788 
5,378 



21 
18 
84 
57 
173,523 
7,850 



160 
181 

1,543 
1,520 

156 

175 

62,746 

60,311 

13,328 

12,281 

49,418 

48,030 

427,133 

101,574 

68 

62 

2,116 

3,204 

508 

1,375 

1,608 

1,829 

528 

720 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



126 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 12.-NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE PRODUCTS AND FOREST PRODUCTS CUT ON FARMS: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flowers, vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs, grown for sale: 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, flowers, and bulbs sold ...... farms reporting 1959 . . 

dollars 1959.. 

1954 . . 

On farms with sales of 52,000 or more .... farms reporting 1959 . . 

dollars 1959.. 
Nursery products (trees, shrubs, 

vines, ornamentals, obc.) farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

acre- used for growing 1959. . 

1954 . . 

Sales dollars 1959 . . 

1951. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist 

greens, and bedding plants farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Grown under glass farms reporting 1959. . 

1954.. 

square feet 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Grown in the open farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

acres used for growing 1959 . . 

1954 . 

Sales dollars 1959.. 

1954.. 

Vegetables growti under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds. 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Grown under glass or in house farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

square feet 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Grown in the open farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
acres used for growing 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Sales dollars 1959 . . 

1(54.. 

Any forest products cut and/or sold farm.? reporting 1959 . . 

Sales of any forest products farms reporting 1959 ' 

dollars 1959.. 
1954 . . 

Sales of standing timber , . farms reporting 1959 . . 

dollars 1959.. 

Sales of all other forest products farms reporting 1959 ' . 

dollars 1959.. 
Sales of firewood, pulpwood, fcm i 
sawlogs. and Christmas lre<-. '.irm> reporting 1959. 

dollars 1959.. 

Sales of other miscellaneous products forms reporting 1959 ' . 

dollars 1959.. 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting 1959. . 

1954 . . 

cords (4* x 4' x «') 1959.. 

1954.. 

Sales farms reporting 1959. . 

cords (4' x 4' x 8') 1959.. 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting 1959. . 

1954.. 

cords (4' x 4' X 8') 1959.. 

1954 . . 

Fence posts cut fnrn.s i in ing 1959 . . 

'.954.. 

number 1959. . 

1954 . . 

Sab'S farms reporting 1959. . 

number 1959 . . 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954*- 

thousands of board feet 1959 . . 

1954'. 

Sales farms reporting 1959. . 

thousands of hoard feet 1959 .. 

ChrisUnas Irees sold _ farms reporting 1959. . 

number 1959 . . 

Maple sirup made farms reporting 1959. . 

1954 . . 

gallons 1959.. 

1954.. 

Buckets hung farms rerorting 1959 . . 

number 1959 . . 



368 
2,044,351 
1,744,228 

138 
1,824,491 

37 

73 

169 

226 

340,634 

507, 552 



311 

250 

230 

184 

1,116,708 

876, 566 

151 

151 

85 

122 

1,559,278 

1,101,218 



136 
136 
121 
104 
165,321 
203,726 

18 
44 
12 
32 
144,439 
135,458 

7,839 

3,538 
5,862,143 
4,758,995 

1,069 
997,415 

3,091 
4,864,728 

3,029 

4,624,494 

286 

240,234 

6,396 
9,836 
83,153 
126, 124 
759 
17,918 

2,133 

4,083 
148,306 
241,411 

913 

2,863 

218,399 

595,308 

171 
101,465 

1,651 

3,584 

29,167 

60,530 

951 

24,729 

301 

122,422 

359 

914 

6,728 

13,464 

359 
55,348 



Androscoggin 





19 


197 


cTO 


51,400 




13 


104 


875 




1 




1 




250 




19 




7 




16 




7 


127 


776 


49 


800 




5 




2 


189 


326 


45 


540 



25,075 
11,900 



8,324 
5,610 

436 

186 
406, 568 
158,701 
58 
94,756 
166 
311,812 

163 

295,732 

24 

16,080 

359 

404 

4,057 

4,965 

38 

456 

115 

131 

7,015 

5,887 

46 

99 

7,039 

15,468 

3 

515 

130 

163 

3,202 

3,121 

75 

2,782 

10 
2,140 
30 
35 
262 
505 

30 
2,291 



12 

63,995 

54,035 

7 

61,793 

2 

7 

24 

8 

250 

3,930 



10 

8 

9 

6 

25,225 

26,030 

4 

6 

1 

3 

60,162 

47,860 



4 
5 
4 
3 
3,946 
1,510 

1 

2 

1 

(Z) 

3,583 

2,225 

1,018 

400 
497,088 
589,428 

139 
77,135 

345 
419,953 

339 

411,494 

15 

8,459 

792 
1,434 
9,274 
18,900 
70 
1,218 

240 

669 

16,626 

42,617 

91 

486 

20,730 

92,558 

16 

6,918 

215 

474 

1,698 

3,153 

73 

1,029 

18 

9,094 

27 

35 

616 

633 

27 
4,882 



83 
627, 520 
544,416 

30 
546,422 

13 
17 
27 
34 
20,221 
34,600 



65 

59 

48 

43 

326,740 

410,427 

33 

37 

19 

38 

542,631 

472,893 



28 
21 
25 
14 
64,406 
78,795 

3 

10 

1 

8 

64,668 

36,923 

443 

171 
235,761 
261,053 
62 
74,993 
141 
160,768 

139 

153,774 

12 

6,994 

362 

531 

4,330 

6,322 

52 

760 

64 

153 

3,909 

7,371 

58 

173 

10, 598 

31,878 

7 

1,665 

82 

224 

1,353 

6,466 

61 
1,183 

13 
940 
31 
50 
85 
200 

31 
525 



6 
4,235 
6,271 

1 
3,000 



6 

5 

4 

4 

2,450 

3,492 

4 

3 

1 

1 

2,432 

6,221 



1 

3 

1 

2,105 

60 

1 

(Z) 

1,803 

50 

437 

272 
589, 587 
364,804 
84 
77,019 
249 
512,568 

239 

446,050 

60 

66,518 

363 

471 

4,331 

6,164 

51 

658 

205 

281 

17, 576 

26,877 

54 

112 

21,495 

21,916 

13 

16, 143 

95 

171 

1,573 

3,354 

78 
1,480 

19 

2,877 

49 

86 

2,345 

2,913 

49 
21,070 



15 

65,431 

101,503 

6 

60,441 



7,393 
12,090 



12 

14 

10 

11 

59,823 

36,093 

7 

7 

7 

6 

55,493 

73,083 



5 

10 

5 

6 

540 

7,375 

1 
5 

"3 

2,545 

16,330 

341 

173 

315,096 

247,033 

33 

69, 566 

167 

245,530 

164 

230,269 

8 

15,241 

278 

542 

3,747 

6,984 

49 

1,023 

129 

227 

6,568 

11,616 

19 

65 

7,528 

12,649 

8 

4,952 

63 

167 

1,573 

1,910 

45 
1,409 

33 

25,591 

6 

24 

94 

271 

6 
360 



36 
151,064 
48,176 

13 
123,164 



6 
7,840 
1,900 



28 

18 

21 

14 

100,845 

20,319 

10 

10 

3 

7 

120,097 

23,585 

20 
16 
19 
13 
34,140 
13,998 

2 
6 

3 
23,127 
22,691 

741 

278 
310,654 
247,715 
91 
45,807 
221 
264,847 

215 

255,886 

19 

8,961 

618 
822 
7,233 
10,156 
62 
901 

130 

263 

6,662 

10,739 

60 

178 

13,372 

49,210 

16 

4,735 

148 

318 

2,415 

5,015 

90 

1,983 

15 

6,839 

31 

80 

163 

700 

31 
893 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Excludes farms reporting only sales of maple sirup. 

2 Includes sales of standing timber. 



MAINE 

County Table 12.-NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE PRODUCTS AND FOREST PRODUCTS CUT ON FARMS: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



127 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flowers, vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs, grown for sale: 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 

seeds and plants, flowers, and bulbs sold farms reporting 1959 , . 

dollars 1959.. 

1954 . . 

On farms with sales of S2.000 or mi*,-. . . . farm? re|iorting 1959. . 

dollars 1959.. 
Nursery products (trees, shrubs, 

vines, ornamentals, etc) farms reporting 1959 . . 

1951 . . 

acres used for growing 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Sales dollars 1959 . . 

1951 . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist 

greens, and bedding plants famis reporting 1959. . 

1954.. 

Grown under gloss farms reporting 1959. . 

1954 . . 

square feet 1959 . . 

1951 . . 

Grown in the open farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
acres used for growing 1959 

Sales dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants , bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting 1959 . 

1954.. 

Grown under gloss or in house farms reporting 1959 

1954 . . 

square feet 1 959 . . 

1954 . . 

Grown in the open farms reporting 1959. . 

1954.. 
in has used tv (Towing 1959.. 

1954.. 
Sales dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Any forest products cut and/or sold farms reporting 1959 . 

Sales ol any forest products farms reporting 1959 ' 

dollars 1959.. 
1954.. 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting 1959 

dollars 1959.. 

Sales of all other forest products farms reporting 1959 ' . 

dollars 1959.. 
.Sales of rmrwood, piilpwond, fein . | r 

sawlogs. nail Christina* trees fiiMH* roiuniru! 1959.. 

dollars 1959 . . 

Sales of other miscellaneous producLs forma reporting 1959 ' . 

unllfti 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

cords (4' x4' x »')1959.. 

1954.. 

Sales farms reporting 1959 . . 

cords (4' x 4' x 8'j 1959.. 

Pulpwood sold rarms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

cools (4* X 4*x 8') 1959.. 

1954 . . 

Fonce posts cut funis i ulmg 1959. . 

[954.. 

nuinhoi 1959. . 

1954 . . 

Sab-s fann.s reporting 1959. . 

number 1959 . . 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut farms reporting 1 1159 . . 

1954 J ■ 

thousands of hoard feet 1959. . 

1954 3 . 

Sales farms reporting 1959. . 

thousands or board feet 1959 . . 

Christmas trees sold forms reporting 1959. . 

number 1959 ■ . 

Maple sirup made farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

gallons 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Buckets hung farms reporting 1959 . . 

number 1959. . 



13 

25,048 

14, 2 55 

4 

22,446 



3 

1 
1,000 



10 

12 

6 

5 

9,500 

5,875 

5 

8 

3 

6 

17,545 

9,005 



6 
3 

6 

3 

3,912 

1,760 



1 
7,503 
4,250 

305 

123 

96,196 

79,508 

35 

23,095 

103 
73,101 

102 

73,001 

2 

100 

264 

423 

3,281 

5,075 

28 

629 

60 

110 

1.760 

3,133 

39 

133 

6,889 

24,427 

9 

1,050 

48 

129 

595 

1,888 

23 
454 

32 

13,440 

5 

46 

10 

136 

5 
44 



15 

328,971 

460,567 

7 

324,055 



100 

105 

283,030 

419,027 



11 

13 

10 

7 

35,894 

39, 575 

5 

9 

1 

4 

42,316 

40,254 



7 
5 
7 
4 
5.082 
1.375 



1 
3,625 
1,286 

570 

314 

863,185 

518,027 

83 

76,824 

274 

786,361 

262 

749,155 

47 

37,206 

476 

639 

11,031 

8,274 

60 

5,761 

177 

304 

20,239 

20,009 

56 

164 

24,065 

32,433 

16 

16,626 

143 

295 

4,623 

8,301 

134 

4,641 

17 
4,951 

50 

106 

1,035 

1,896 

50 
7,612 



51 
163,785 
150,626 

14 
143.450 



17,400 
9,875 



44 

22 

27 

19 

103,502 

79,422 

20 

13 

7 

12 

138,355 

124,555 



21 
17 
15 
13 
8,070 
33,934 



5 

7 

8 

8,030 

16,196 

784 

360 
500,106 
483,590 

107 
68,844 

324 
431,262 

314 

419,313 

20 

11,949 

635 

1,035 

7,839 

14,785 

81 

1,169 

236 

430 

17,279 

25,565 

116 

352 

25,941 

90,750 

17 

13,202 

143 
356 
1,381 
3,597 
66 
926 

18 

7,961 

23 

88 

605 

2,568 

23 
4,949 



Piac.ataqu.ls 



5 
17,902 
8,124 

2 
15,200 



1 

1 

700 



5 

5 

4 

5 

8,902 

7,331 

4 

2 

1 

(Z) 

17,222 

6,010 



3 
4 
1 
4 
860 
1,417 



(2) 



680 
1.414 



130 

44 

41,533 

109 

154,052 

107 

141,363 

12 

12,689 

128 

301 

1,689 

4,044 

21 

835 

97 

217 

5,691 

19,176 

24 

100 

4,106 

15,915 

6 

906 

44 

125 

387 

1,125 

24 
262 

2 

101 
10 
40 
152 
318 

10 
817 



Sagadahoc 



33,600 

18.462 

4 

26,000 

2 

22 
3,600 



5 

7 

37,790 

13,543 

2 

2 

2 

1 

32,600 

8,980 



2 

6 

1,080 

6,937 



2 

1,000 
5,882 

133 

47 
61,363 
37,954 

13 
18,942 

35 
42,421 

35 

42,187 

1 

234 

108 

152 

1,180 

1,837 

7 

111 

24 

45 

1,054 

1,616 

20 

61 

2,740 

9,194 

1 

200 

30 
61 

478 

1,313 

14 

359 

4 
975 

5 
21 
16 
65 

5 
91 



19 

61,097 

40,798 

7 

63,605 

1 

2 

(2) 

1 

400 

125 



18 

18 

13 

11 

22,526 

26,703 

12 

15 

8 

11 

54,052_ 

35,764 



6 

11 

6 

7 

6,367 

18,070 



1 
6,645 
4,909 

667 

303 

449,691 

409,625 

84 

52,659 

273 

397,032 

267 

364,708 

33 

32,324 

553 

933 

7,131 

12,479 

56 

1,155 

193 
436 

12,194 
19,139 

117 

319 

33,262 

88,695 

27 

18,376 

183 

375 

2,519 

4,338 

82 

1,815 

17 

2,559 

39 

125 

960 

2,050 

39 
9,406 



11 

22,835 

37,848 

5 

25,521 



16 
12,145 



11 

11 

5 

7 

20,240 

18,446 

7 

6 

4 

10 

22,385 

23,113 



1 
3 
1 
2 
240 
5,400 



(Z) 

450 

2,590 

611 

275 

370,358 

350,255 

73 

31,732 

247 

333,626 

243 

323,670 

17 

14,956 

520 

827 

6,331 

10,004 

61 

833 

162 

343 

9,739 

17,957 

87 

241 

12,664 

49, 570 

13 

3,913 

178 

322 

2,675 

4,700 

83 

2,118 

29 

8,536 

14 

83 

113 

392 

14 
760 



Washington 



15,989 

22,500 

1 

14,950 



2 

1 
500 



3 

2 

3 

8,500 

12,172 

3 

1 

5 

2 

15,481 

19,000 



2 
2 

2 

1,020 
3,500 



(Z) 

508 
3,000 

414 

270 

534,008 

353.353 

70 

84,935 

258 

449,073 

256 

444,310 

8 

4,263 

310 

502 

4,199 

6,412 

68 

1,190 

216 

304 

16,432 

19,404 

24 

74 

4,162 

8,671 

9 

1,166 

47 

104 

1,766 

1,804 

49 
1,698 

49 

27,145 

3 

12 

16 

109 



Z Reported in email fractions. 

1 Excludes farms reporting only sales of maple sirup. 

2 lncludea sales of standing timber. 



APPENDIX 

The Questionnaire 
Index to tables 

(129) 



130 



THE QUESTIONNAIRE 



' 



Thla census is authorised by Act of Congress, lulled States (ode. Till* 13. Sections 5. 9. 142. 221 -4. requiring lht( the Inquiries be answered completely and accurately. | ffn-#w »«,»., n, «i-**J« 
and guaranteeing thai the Infoi matlor. furnished be accorded confidential treatment. The cenaut report cannot be used for purpotet of taxation, tnctatlgation. or a**—^ •■»*■> ow-fc*.n, im 



MAINE 



A1 No. 



US DCtAHTMENT OF COMKIKCE— IUIUU OF THE CUSU1 
PARSONS. KANSAS 



Al 



CENSUS OF ACRICULTURE 
QUESTIONNAIRE: 



1959 



mm »s[ owv 



SMALL CHAINS: (Include the landlord '-> ihw «* sold 
if taken from thin place.) 

(Anewer thete queaiiona, if "Yet.")m 



^Section I.— PERSON NOW IN CHARGE! 



(If a member of the family or anyone elae Oils this questionnaire for the person tn charge 
be sure that all the Information la given for the person In charge.) 



I. What is your name (person in charge)? 



(Middle initial] 



2. What in your muil address? 



Section I!.— OWNERSHIP - 



■^:a;3 



[)\YNKI) I. AND Include all land and tracts of land owned, regardless of where located 
even though these are considered separate units: also cropland, paatureland, woodland, 
and wasteland. 

3. Mow many nrrrs r!o you own? None Q 

Iff no land tn owned, mark X >n the aquare for "None .") 



I. AM) RKNTKI) OR LEASED FROM OTHKRS: Include all land and tracts of land 
rented or leased by you regardless of where located. Include any separate fields, meadows. 
paatureland. woodland, and wasteland. Also land used by you rent free and land from 
which you cut hay thit year. 



4. How many acres do you rent from others? Include acres worked on shares. 

(// -Sone," mark X and akip to question [SJ 
(■) What is the name and address of each landlord and the number of acre- 
rented or worked on "hares for each' 



a 



Name of 
landlord 



Mail address 

1 Post off. ce and State) 



Name of 
landlord 



Mail address 

( I'oat office and State) _ 

Name of 

landlord 

Mail address 

^Poit office and State) 



LAND MANAGED FOR OTHKRS: 
[5] How many acres do you operate for 

other* as h hired manager* None Q 

(Enter the name and address of employer under question 4(a).) 



X' 



not Include land leased 



LAND RENTED OR LEASED TO OTHERS: Include any separate fields and hay land 
rented to others. Include land worked on shares by < 
to the Government under the Soil Bank. 

6. How many acres do you rent to others? . . None Q 

(// "None," mark X and skip to qutttion [7].) 

(a) Of the acres rented to others, how many 

are owned '">y you? None O Acre 



ACRES IN THIS PLACE; 

[7] Adding acres owned and acres rented from 
others, then subtracting acres rented lo others, we get ■ 



I 



■ -" " ,,; 



Acres In this place 



(Question 9 plus question 4 minus question 6; If managed, question 6 minus question 6.) 



Thla Is all the Isnd operated by you even though pari of It may be located elsewhere or in other counties. 
The remaining questions of thla report refer to the total acre* of land reported for this question. 



LOCATION OF LAND: 

8. Is any of this land located in another county? . . . No Q Yea D 
(// "No," mark X and tkip lo qutttion [9JJ 

(ai How many acres an In your county? Acres . 

(b) Give names of other counties and acres located in each: 



Section III.— CROPS HARVESTED THIS YEAR, 1959 



Report all crops harvested or to be Harvested thit ytar from these (read anawer for question ?) acres. 
If you rent or work land for others on sharea. Include landlord's share. 

('t)RN; (Include the landlord's share 
ii- -old if taken from thin place.) 

[9] Was any corn harvested for any 
iiurpo-e thit year? No Q Y 

(// "No," mark X ond ikip to question £21 J ) 

I (Anawer their queitiont, if " Xta'*)r 



10. Corn for all purpoaes? 

(Do not include sweet corn or popcorn.) 



(a) Corn for grain? 

(ill II. ear com, or 2 hu baskets of ears, or 
50 III. shelled com- I bu.) 

(b) Corn for allege? 



(c) Corn hogged or grated, or cut for green or dry 
fodder (ear* not hil-ked or snapped)? 



(I) 

How many 
acres were 
or will be 
harvested? 



A«*l 

• 



(2) 

How much 
whs or 
will be 

liurveslcd? 



CD 

How much 

of i hit 

year't 

crop was 

or will he 

sold? 



(The total uf I he acres for questions (a), (b), 
and ■'ci noixt equal the acres for queutlon 10.) 



t-i 



Were any of 
the following 

Eraln crops 
effected 
thit ytar — 



[21] Wheal? . . 

24. Oate for grain? 

29. Barley? . . . 

SO. Rye? .... 

iS. Buckwheat? . 

M. Other grains? 
Mixed grains? 



D 
D 



(i) 

How many 
acres a/err 

combined 

or 
threshed? 



(3) 

How much 

of thit 

year' i crop 

was or will 

beeold? 



HAY AND GRASS SILAGE CROPS: (Be sure to include hay 
cut from land owned by others If two or more cut Una. 1 *, count 
the acres only once but give total production of all cuttings. 
Include the landlord's share as sold if taki-n from this place ) 
{Answer theae qutationt, if "Yea 



Were any of 
the following 
hay erope 

harvested 
tht* user — 



39. Alfalfa and alfalfa mltturea for 
hay and for dehydrating?. . . . 



42. Clover, timothy, and tnlitureo of 
clover and grasses for hey? - . 



. Oats, wheal, barley, rye. or other 

small grains cut for hey? 

(Include oats cut when ripe or 
nearly rip*' for feeding unthreshed ) 



47. Any other bay? 

(Include bromegrnss, Junegrass, 
millet, old meadows, aweetclover, 
wild grasses ) 



48. Grass silage made from grasses, 
alfalfa, clover, or small grains? 



(I) 
How many 

acres 

were 
harvested 
thit y ggrl 



How many 
tons were 
harvested? 



m 

How much 

of thit 

yeur't crop 

was or will 

be sold? 



CLOVER SEED, GRASS SEED, AND OTHER FIELD SEEDS: 

49. Were anv clover seed, grass seed, or other 

t*td seeds harvested thit year! No Q Yw D 

(// "No," mark X and tktp to qut'tton [79] ) 
(Anawer thete quetttont. if "Yea ")^»»»»»»* 



78. What field seeds were harvested? 
Millet? Red clover? Timothy? 



(I) 

Acres 

harv.'st"d 

or to be 

harvested? 



Arm 



(2) 

Pounds of 
"Clean " 

harvested 

or to be 

harvested? 



P**atte 



POTATOES AND DRY BEANS: 

(Anawtr thmr qtmtit 



,f ■ l-i 



Were any of 
the following 
crepe 
harvested 
thia year — 



[79] Irish potatoes for home use or for sale? 
(If less than 10 barrels were 
harvested, do not report acres.) 



90. Dry field and eeed beans? 



How many ncren 

were or will 

be harvesled? 



1 _j * (Report tenths 

^-*w». , of an acre 

No I T— for potatoes) 




(2) 

How much 
wiis or 
will be 

harvested? 



L 



MAINE 



131 



Were any of the following 
vegetable crop* harvested 

lh:$ year — 



(If two or more plantings 
of the name crop were 
made, either on the name 
land or on different land, 
report the total hat vested 
acres of the several 
plantings.) 



VEGETABLES Foil HOMK USE AM) FOR SALE, 

105- Were nnv vegetables, sweet corn, tif melons, 
harvented tnlt year for home use? 



No O Yen Q 



106. Were any vegetables, sweet corn, or melons, 

harvented thi* year for sale for freah nmrket or 

to rannern, fn-etera, proce*»ora? No D Yew □ 

(// "No" for qumtion 106. mark X anil *kip to qumtion [!«3] i 
i.}nntvr thrne qumtion*, if " )V«/ 



+ 



Tomatoes? 

Sweet corn? 

Cucumbers and* pickles? . . 
Snap beans (buah and pole typ< I ' 
Cabbage? 



,, J (I) 

'■ ■" • Acrm narvraledr 

< ***y. (Report tenth" of 
Ns Vat acre*) 



Squash? 

Carrota? 

Lettuce and romatne? 

Beets? 

Other? (See li st below.) 

OI**NtKM 



a ..*. 

o _* . 

□ .*. 



Truth* 

no 

.Hi 

i /JO 

i— "° 
"° 
/I0 

/io 

L_ /l0 
no 



'1° 
no 



142. What was the value of all vegetables sold thl& year? %_ 

(Include landlord's share. Do not Include the value of In«h potatoes) 



BERRIES AND OTHER SMALL FRUITS; 

[H33 Were any berries or other small 
fruits harvested fnfe yeor for sale? ... No Q Yes Q 

(// "No," mark X and ikip to qutttion [152] ,) 

{Aniwtr thrte qutitioni, t/ "!>*")•»■ 



Were any of 
the following 
berry crops 
harvested 
l hi* year — 



144. Strawberries? 

145. Raspberries? 

148. Blaeberries (tame and wild)'* 



IS1. Other berries? 

Black berries? 
Cranberries? 



Acres harvented? 
(Report tenth* of 
ncren) 



(2) 

Quantity 
harvi niM? 



TREE FRUITS, NUTS, AND GRAPES: 

[152] Is there a total of 20 fruit and nut 
tree* and grapevines on thin place' . . . 



No Q Yea Q 
(// "No," mark X and tkip to qutttion fltS] .1 
(// "»»," antwrr question* 1S3 through 19? 



152. How much land in in bearing and 
nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut treea? . 



17 



{Antwtr thttt qutttion*, i/ "»*.")< 



X 



■•'ere any of 
the following 
kinds of 
fruit and nut 
trees on this 
place — 



154. Apples? 

155. Peaches? 
158. Peara? 



161. Grapes? 



1*5. Plums nnd prunes? 
IM. Cherries? 



197. Other fruits and nuta? 

Plant. ,1 black 
walnuta? 



How many 
trees (or 

vines) are 

NOT of 

bearing 

age? 



(2) 

How many 

(trees or 

vines) are 

of 

bearing 

age? 



was 
harvested 
t Ms yar? 



NUIlHKItY AND GHKENIIOUKK PRODUCTS, KLOWKH AND VEGETABLE HEEDH AND 
PLANTS. AND BUI. IIS: 



[19ft] Were any nursery or greenhouse products, flower or 
vegetable seeds uf plants. flowers, or bulbs grown for sale thl§ year, 

(If ".Vn," mark X and »k\p to question [202] ) 
(Aniuvr the** question*, if " 1 



No D Vw Q 



")- 



199. Nursery products (treea, shrub* , vim... 
ornamental")? . . . . . 



200. Cut flower*, potted 
lanl*. florist greens, and 
>eddlng plsnls fur sale? . . 



201. Vegetables grown 
under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable 
plants, bulbs, mushrooms? 



[a) In open? 



[b) Under glaas?_ 



(b) Under glaas 
or In house? 



(D (2) 

How much nren What will dr 

kih uwil for Hie value of 

growiiiR? sale* in I9S9* 
I Tsnlha 






Arraa \ 

it i /m l 



OTHER CHOPS: 

[202] Are there wiv other crop- ihnl »<■,■< or will lie harvested //lie year on 
thin place — Dry field nnd seed peas? Popcorn? Root eropa for feed? No Q Yo* O 

(//"»..•' | Heave afefeT 

anmerr for each 
crop.) e 




L 



Section IV —LAND USE THIS YEAR, 1959 



20S. Acres In this place (copy acre* from question ?) « 



CROPLAND: 

204. How many acrm of land were In field* and tracts from 

which crops were harvested (including: hay cut) fnfe year? None Q 

(This area may be obtained by adding the acre* in the field" 
or tract" from which one or more crop" were narvealer] or hay 
was cut /his yeor; acrm In nonbearing and hearing planted 
fruit Uvea, inn-, and gra|>ea, and acre* In nursery and 
green houm 1 product") 



-5M 



THIS SHAPED SECTION 18 TO BE FILLED BY CENSUS ENUMERATOR 



(a) Add acm of all eropa iwiVi * m Sec. 1IT) 
and enter total Hart 



(6) Prom how many acres of land war* two crops 
harvaatad thU yart 



(c) Subtract the aero for (e> from (o) and intrr 
difference here 



205. How many acres of cropland were used only 
ir pasture (or grating) thtu year,' None Q 

207. How many acre- of cropland were used only for 
aoll-lmprovement graases and legumes not harvested and 
not pastured Ihtt year? None □ 



205. How many acres of rroplaad have not 

een accounted for? . None D 

(Include idle cropland and cropland on which all crops failed.) 



These 
totals 
must 

be 

the 
same 



WOODLAND: (Include ax woodland all wood loU and timber tract": eutovcr and dcformtril 
land which has value for wood products and ha* not been improved for pasture.) 



209. How many acres of woodland were 
pastured (or graied) t hit year? None Q 



210. How many acres of woodland were 

not pastured (or grated) this year? None Q 



OTHER LAND: 

211. How many acm were in ether pasture? . . . . 

(Not croplniu! pantiire and Hot woodbind pH"Uire.) 

(// "A'onr," mark X and *t,p to qurtUon [212] ' 



(a) Of thin other pfwture, how many acre" 
do you consider to be Improved paelurr? 

(Improved by liming, r i*rlilixlng, aredlng, 
irrigating, draining, and controlling * 

wvc<|m and bru-h i 



[212] How many acre" were in bouse lota, barn Iota, 
lanes, reads, ditehea. and wasteland? .... 



None □ 



Add these acre* (o 
211. and 212) and eti 




_■*. 



Seellon V— IRRIGATION 



213. Of the tolnl land in this plitce (reported in qimiUoii 203), 
how many acres were Irrigated thie yeor? 



None G Acre" 



/ 

I 
/-« 



i 

L» 



132 



THE QUESTIONNAIRE 



Section VI.— RACE, AGE, RESIDENCE, OFF-FARM WORK, AND OTHER INCOME 



(2> 



(3) 



wwtoD_ l N **" O [otfcwD _ 



218 What in your race? {Mark one) "■" 

219. How old were you on your last birthday? Yeara . 

220. Do you live on this place? No D Yes D 



221. When did you brain to operate this place? 

Report month if you began to operate this place since 
January 1. 1956. 
OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME: 

222. How many days this year did von work off your farm* Include work at a nonfarm job, business, 
profession, or on someone else's farm. Include days vou expect to work off your farm between now and 
December 31, 19S9. (Do no! include exchange work.) 



(Afar* on*.)---*- Hi) 

|_Nom 



(2) 
llo«d»r« D 






; (4) 

I wom wihw D 



[5) 



• dM._D_ 



223. Did any other member of your family living with you have a nonfarm job, 

business, profession, or work on someone rise's farm this yearf No Q Yes D 

224. Have vou anv income t hit year from any of the following -ources: Sale of 
products from land rented out? Cash rent? Hoarders? Social Security? Old-age 
assistance? Pensions? Veterans' allowance*' Unemployment compensation? Interest? 
Dividends? Profits from nonfarm business? Financial help from members of your 

family? No Q Yes Q 

(// "None" for question 222 and "So" for both questions 223 and 224, §kip to 
mutation [22 3 J } 

2241. Will the income which vou and your family receive from work off the farm and 
from other sources (listed in questions 223 and 2241 (»■ greater t han the total value of all 
agricultural products sold i>r to be sold from your place thtM year? No Q Yes Q 



Section VII.— FOREST PRODUCTS THIS YEAR, 1959 



[226] How much was or will be received thi$ year from the sale of 
standing limbc; or trees? ... None sold □ $_ 

(Include standing timber sold for pulpwood.) 
227. How rmii'h w>i* or will be received this year from the 

•ale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers? None sold Q $_ 

(Do not include sale of "landing timber, firewood, pulpwood. 
fence posts, Bawlogs, Christmas trees, und maple sirup I 



(Answer these questions, if ")>«.")— 



(Do not report below any products sold on 
the stump. Products sold on the stump 
should be included in question 226.) 



Were any of the 
following forest 
products cut frits 
year "for home 
use or for sale — 



228. Firewood and fuelwood? 

229. Pulpwood? 

230. Fence posts? . . 

231. Sa-loga and veneer logs? 

232. Christmas trees? 



(1) 

' How much 

was or will 

be cut 

~| in 1959? 



n n 
a a 
d a 



(2) 
How much 



233. How much maple sirup wax made thin year? None d Gallons _ 

(// "None," mark X and skip to question [236] ) 

Number of 
...... None D buckets _ 

buckets ) 



234. H 



ny buckets were hung (hit year' 
(Count bags and tubing attacnm 



Section VIII.— POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK NOW ON THIS PLACE AND LIVESTOCK 
PRODUCTION THIS YEAR, 1959 



Include all poultry and animals on ihi place owned by you, by your landlord, by your employees, am) by 
others. 



POULTRY: 

[236] Are there any chickens, turkeys, or other poultry on this place? No Q Yes Q 

237. If "No," were then- any on this place any lime this year? No O Ycb D 

(// "No" for both question* 236 on* 237, mark X and skip to question [246].) 

238. How many chickens (hens, pullets, roosters, etc .) 

4 months old and over are now on this place? None □ Number 



239. How many broilers were or will be sold fhrfs year? 

(Report all broilers sold and those grown for 
others under contract ) 

240. How many hens, roosters, pullets, cockerels, 
and other thickens were or will be sold this year? 

241. How many dozens of chicken eggs 
were or will be sold (his year? ...... .... 

242. How many turkeys and turkey fryers 
were raised (his year? . , , 

(Include those raised fiom poults hatched, poults 
bought, and those raised for others under contract ) 

243. How manv turkey hens noutnii hand are you 
keeping for breeding next year? 

244. How many ducks, geeae, 
and other poultry (not counting 

chickens and turkeys) lijve 

were sold (/lis year? None Q name 

245. How much was or will be received this 
year from the sale of turkeys, ducks, geese, and 

miscellaneous poultry and their eggs? None sold CI Value of sales $ 



None Q Number 

None D Number 

None □ Dozens 

None □ Number 

None □ Number 



SHEEP AND LAMBS: 

[246] How many ewes, rama, wethers, and 

lamba of all ages are on this place? None D Number . 

(// "None," mark X and akip to question [247].) 
1 (a) Lambs under 1 year old? .... ...... Number . 



Of Ibis total, 
how many ■re- 



Number . 



1(b) Ewea I year old and over? ... 
(e) Rama and welhera 1 year old and over? Number 



(The total for questions (a), (b), and (c) 
must equal the number for question 246 ) 



D-l 



HORSES AND MULES: 

[247] How mmi> horses, mules, colts, nml 



ponies i 



tin* pl"« 



None D Number 



SHEEP AND [.AMDS SHORN THIS YEAR, 1959: 

251. Wire any sheep or lambs shorn (A/a year? No Q Yea □ 

(// "A'o," mark X and sirip to question [254] ) 

(Answer these questions, if " i'ts ") — 

How many 
were shorn? 



i lambs shorn in 1959? 



253. Were any sheep shorn in 1959? 



(21 

How much 

wool was 

shorn? 



HOGS AND PIGS: 

[254] How manv hogs and pigs of all ages, 
including sows and boars, are on this place' 



Of this total. 

how many were born- 



\(b) 



(// "None," mark X mid skip to { 
Since June I, (his year? 



None □ Number _ 
'ion [255] ) 

.... Number . 



Before June I. (his year? Number . 



(The total for questions (a) and (b) must 
equal the number for question 254.) 



SOWS AND GILTS FARROWING: 

[255] How many fitters were furrowed since June 1. 
(his year or will farrow before December 1? . . . 

256. How many litters were furrowed between 
December 1, last year, and June 1, thin year. . . . 



Number of 
None D Utters 

Number of 
. None Q litters _ 



CATTLE AND CALVES: (Include all cows and all other cattle and calve*, both dairy und beef, 
on this place ) 

257. How many callle and calves of all ages an- on tin- place? None Q Number 

(// "JVolM," mark X and skip to question [262] ) 



Of this total. 
how many are 



1(a) CowsT Number . 
(Include heifers that have calved.) 
(b) Heifers and heifer calves? . . Number . 
(Do not include any heifers that have calved.) 
(c) Bulls, bull calves, steers, and steer calves? Number . 
(The total for questions (a), (b), and (c) I111U 
equal the number for question 257.) 



COWS MILKED YESTERDAY: 

258. How many cows and heifers were milked yesterday? 



259. How manv milk cowa were on this place yesterday? . . . 

(Include dry milk cows and milk heifers that have calved ) 

260. How many pounds of milk were produced yesterday? . . 



None Q Number _ 
None □ Number . 

None Q Pounds . 



Than questions) art to be / (o) Does Al number end in 1 or 77 No Q Yea Q 

answered by CENSUS < . .-.««€ n u •_ « r-. 

ENUMERATOR \ (6) Are acre* in question 7, 1,000 or more? NoQ YeaQ 



Section IX.— DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD AND TO BE SOLD THIS YEAR. 1959 



[262] Was anv milk or cream sold (his year. 1959? No D Yes Q 

(// "A'o," mark X and skip to question [265] J 
Report all sales from this place whether made by you or by others. Report dairy products sold for your 
landlord. Be sure to include dairy products which you will sell by December 31, this year. 



answer these questions ) ■ 



263. It. "a much whole milk was 
r will be sold in 1959? . . . . . Noi 

(Report in pounds of milk, 
gallons of milk, or pounds of Imtterfat ) 



264. How much cream was 
or will !*■ sold in 1959? None Q 

(If cream was sold hv the gallon, multiply the 
number of gallons by 2", to get pounds of l.ntlerfal ) 



QunntiU sold or t 
be sold in 1959? 

if) Lb. of mllh~ - 
« (if Gallon* oT mllh 
o> (1) Lb. «T bstMriW 



fluu much was or 
Will lie the value 
of sales in 1959? 



Section X.— ANIMALS SOLD AND TO BE SOLD ALIVE THIS YEAR. 195*» 



D-2 



Report ■ 
to or sold 
which you 



Were any 
or the 
following 
animals 
sold or 
will any 
be sold 
this year 
(1959) — 



I sales from this place whether made by you or by others. Report sll animals turned over 
for your landlord, and animals fed under contract for others. Be sure to report animals 
rill sell by December 31, this year. 



[265] Calves? . 

266. Cattle, not 

counting eal.ts* 

267. Horses, mules, 
colts, und 
ponies? . . . . 



268. Hogs and pigs? 



(I) 

How manv have 

been sold this 

year? 



Nom 



(2) 

How inunv more 

will be sold 



(tow 

□ 



How much was 

or will be the 

value* of sales 

in 19597 



± 

D-2 



MAINE 



133 



_ 



Section XI— FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Include til Or III Iter and lime used on this place during 1959, whether 
purchased by you or by your landlord. 
271. On how many acre* were commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing materials used in 19S9T None Q Acrea 

(// "None," mark X and iktp to question [272] ) 



(Anateer these attention*, tf "Ye*.") m • 



On which crops 
waa fertilizer 
uaed thit year — 



(a) Hay and cropland 

pasture? . . 

(b) Other pasture (not 
cropland)? ... 



(c) Corn? 

(d) Oats? 

(e) Irish potatoea? 
if; All other eropa? 



(1) 

On how 

many 

acres waa 

fertilizer 
uaed? 



How much was used- 



Dry materials? 
(Include rock 
phosphate) 



.'"' 



in 



Liquid 
materials? 



[272] How manv acres were limed in 1959? None Q Acrea 

(// "None," mark X and *k,p to ;-•<•■ [274].) 

273. How much lime or liming materials was nurd in 1959? . Tons 

(Include ground limestone, hvdraled and burnt lime, marl, oyster 
shells, elr Omit lime used for sprays or sanitation.) 



Sec no 



*7 



II— SELECTED FARM EXPENDITURES AND LAND I SE PRACTICES 

■a^; ^ THIS YEAR, 1959 . v ._ . 



How much 
waa or will 
be spent 
thit year 
for— 



EXPENDITURES Include expenses paid, or to be paid by December J/, J9S9, by yo 
landlord for this place. 

[274] Feed for livestock and poultry? None Q 

(Include cost of grain, hay, mill feeds, 
concentrates, ana roughages, also, 
amounts paid for grinding and mixing feed.) 

279. The purchase of livestock and poultry? None Q 

(Include babv chicks.) 

276. Machine hire? None O 

(Include custom work such as tractor hire, 
threshing, combining, silo filling, corn picking, 
baling, plowing, fruit picking, spraying 
and dusting ) 

277. Hired labor? None Q 

(Do not include housework, custom work, 
or contract construction work. Include cash 

§ayments only.) 
eeds, bulbs, plants, and trees? . .... None Q 

279. Gaaollne and other petroleum fuel and oil 

for the farm business? .... None □ 



LAND-l'SK PRACTICES: 

280. How many acres of land were used to grow 
cover crops (Me year and then planted to another crop? 

281. How ninny acres of cropland used for grain or row 
crops thi» year were farmed on the contour? ... 

282. How many acres of strip-cropping systems for 
aoll-erosJon control were on this place f hi* year? 

263. How many acres of crop and pasture land on 
is place have terraces? 



None P Acres _ 

None □ Acres _ 

None Q Acres _ 

None □ Acres _ 



Section XIII.— FARM LABOR 



284. About how many hours taut treek did 
you (the person in charge of this place) do farm 
work or chores on this place? (Mark one.) ■ ■ ■ 



(I) 

N.B. Q 



T7i -T5 

| 1 la H Www D 1 18 k 



285. How many other members of your family did 15 hours or more of 
farm work or chores on this place fas' ireek without receiving cash wages? 
(Do not include housework ) 



None Q Persona _ 



286. How many hired persona did any farm work o- chores 

on this place laet ueek? None □ Persons . 

(Include members of vour family receiving cash wages) 
(// •None," mark X and skip to option [291 J ) 



287. Of these hired [,, | 5 odavs 

persona working laet ireek. ) W l50da >» 

how many were employed S _, . „ 

on this place for— [< b > U " l,, *» 



or more during fftis year? . . . None □ Persons 

150 days during thit year? None Q Persona 

(The total for questions (a) and (b) must equal the number for question 286 ) 



288. Of these hired 
persons working 
laet week, how many 
were paid on • — 



(I) 

Number of persons 



Monthly 
basiB? 



Weekly- 
basis? _ 



Daily 
basis? , 



Hourly 
basis? _ 



Piecework 
basis? . 



(Pcr»ii*> 



(2) 

What was the agreed cash 

rate of pay' 

(If more than one 

person, give average) 



_/00 per week 



_/00 per day 



(3) 

How many hours 

per person were 

these workers 

expected to work 



(The tola uf the persons reported in column 1 must equal the number for question 2*6.) 

289. How mam lured persons paid on a piecework basi* 

worked on t hi- place last Friday? None D Per-ons 

(//"AW " mark X and .tip to fl.ies(.on[291 J 1 

290. How much did these hired person* on piecework (reported for 

quest i..n 2891 cur 1 1 for their work laat Friday? $ /Of) 



1 linn- ■in.,,, .. v ...... ..i ii llla «*p>«w«lP¥W>^^qqwjm 

Section XIV.— EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES NOW ON THIS PLACE - 



-L. 



1 K 



Include equipment, whether owned by you or by others, on this place. 
Include equipment and facilities that are temporarily out of order. 



How many of the 
following are on 
this place — 



Do you have on 
this place— 



[291] Grain combines? 

292. Corn pickers (include pickcr-shellewand corn combines) 7 

293. Pick-up balers? 



294. Field lorage harvesters (for field chopping of silage and forage 
crops)? ... .... 

295. Motortrucks (include plck-upa)? 

296. Wheel treelora other than garden? 

297. Garden tractors? 

298. Crawler tractors (tracklayiiig-)' 

299. Automobile;,' . , 

300. Telephone? . . . 

301. Home freezer (for quick freezing, and storing food)? . 
(Do not include refrigerators ) 



302. Milking machine? 

303. Electric milk cooler? 

305. Crop drier (for Rrain, foru-gc, or other crop*.)? 

306. Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower? 



No O Yes a 

No a Yw a 

No a Yea Q 

No D Yea a 

No Q Yes a 

No D Yea Q 



307. On what kind of 
road la this place located? 

f.\fark one.)- 



(1) Hard surfare' Q pw> 

(2) Gravel, shell, or shale? . D 

(3) Dirt or unimproved? -D 



How many miles to a 

hard surface road? 

G Leas than 1 mile OR 



■ Section XV— RENTAL AGREEMENT, FARM VALUES. AND MORTGAGE DEBT' 



308(a) Do you rent any land from other-'' No Q Yes Q 

(h) Do you work any land on share*? , . No d Yea □ 

(// "No" for both Question* 308(a) an<( 308' hi mark \ and sJctp to guethon [314] ) 
(// "Kef" for either aurtdon 308<.e) or 308' e antwer qnrtttonM 310 through 313 ) 

310. Do you pay to your landord any cush as rem* No □ Yes □ 

(a) If "Yes," how much for the year? $ /Q0 

111. Do you pay to your landlord any share of the crops (such as J. J. |)? No G Yes Q 

312. Do you pay to your landlord anv share of the livestock or 

livestock products (such as |, J, j'l? No Q Yea □ 

313. Do you have this land under any other arrangement (such as a fixed 
quantity of any product, upkeep of land and buildings, payment of 
taxes, keep of landlord, rent free, etc)? 



No □ Yes □ 



(1) 
Acres 



E3I4J About 
ow much 
would the 
land and the 
buitdtnga 
sell for 



'■ Land and buildings owned by ,ou' 

(Copy acres from question 3 » 
(bj Land and buildings rented from othera? 

i !opj acres from question 4.) 
ic) Land and buildings managed for othera? Q 

fCopj acre* tr> mi ition 5 

(d) Land and building* rented lo others? Q 

[Copy iH-re.- from question 6 ) 



(2) 

Total value 

. loUaraJ 



315. Il there any mortgage debt on land and 
building* owned by you? [Mark one.) _^_>^ 



► No Q Yes □ No land owned D 



316. On what date did you fill this quest ionuafrc? 



REMARKS-. 







Section XVI.— ENUMERATOR'S RECORD— To be filled by Census Enumerator 



County 



Town, Township, etc. 



Who furnished the information 
in Mi* reportf (Mark one.) 



Wit* or tuner umiiNnttfilai 



' D Nfilbof Q OlfcT D (Gin 



, Enumerator 



Checked by 



, Crew leader 



Date [month and dag) 



Date {month and day) 



134 



ENUMERATOR'S RECORD BOOK 



A2 LISTING 


















1 

< 


PART 1 -LIST OV PLACES IN ED 


PART ll-AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS 


PART lll.-KIU.INKI Al 


C 

8 

(') 


A. Lin the head of every household living in 

ihii ED. 

AND ALSO 

B. List every person, not living in this ED. who 

hat agricultural operation) in thii ED 

(21 


Does 
thii 
person 
or any 

member 
of hit 
house- 
hold 
operate 
a farrn 
lor 
ranch ) ? 

(J) 


Did (hit person or any member of hit household 
hive ji am firms (his yv*t— 


Dor* 

this 

peMon 

« 

(9) 


Does thii 

person 

nave 

agricultural 
operations 
where he 
lives? 

110) 


Any 
live- 
stock? 
(hogs? 
cattle? 
hor»ei? 
sheep? 
goats? 
etc 1 

(41 


20 or 
more 
chickens? 
turkeys? 

ducks? 

(*) 


Any 

cropa? 

(corn? 

oats? 

h.y' 

tobacco? 

other 

held 

crops?) 

(6) 


20 or 
more 
fruit 

8"P*- 
vines? 
nut 
trees? 

(7) 


Any veg- 
etables 
for sale? 
berries? 
nursery 
or green- 
house 
products? 

(8) 


1 

z 

1 

4 
1 







No J Yes 


No 1 Yes 


No ; Yes 


No -Yes 


No ; Y« 


No ; Yes 


No : Yes 


No : Yes 
























































6 

7 

8 
9 
10 




No : Yes 


Noj Yes 


No T Yes 


No JYes 


No I Yes 


No : Yes 


No : Yes 


No : Yes 


















































! 
























II 
12 
13 
14 




No ■ Yes 


No • Yes 


No : Yes 


No j Yes 


No ■ Yes 


No ; Y«5 


No; Yes 


No ! Yes 
























































16 
17 
18 

19 

20 




No ; Yes 


Noj Yes 


No • Yes 


No J Yes 


No : Yei 


No : Yti 


No| Yes 


No j Yes 












































































(i) 


(2) 


<») 


M> 


(») 


(6) 


(T> 


(•) 


<9> [ (10) 


!-• inn 60 A 2 • Columns 4-*: II N .#// o.lumn*. ahntotulumn 16. ll'~Ye» • Column g: II No nil fduinn in li Us m toliimn «. »kip i« 

in .<»■ .ultima lill Ltjumil S mtunin 1 1 jm.I *i( Al 

• Column in li N... nil iohimn 1 1 and jtet A 1 li W- i.i,..i„mn 
mi ilniNH ui-t Al SkipM>idumii M jutlvnhr molm* ... 1.1- . - - 



MAINE 



135 



Al 
Number 


PART IV -RK.CORl) Ol ( OMPLHTION OF ENUMERATION 




Don 

th.t 
person 

work 
any 
land on 

(12, 


Callback required 


Turned over to 
tre* leader 


Remark* 

(1M 


Date 

nleteil 

(16) 


i 

e 

c 

< 


Reminders 
(When in return, telephone 

number ml 

(J J) 


One 


1. „l,r | 
initials 


(14) 


Al Nil 






Dhiv 






lX.it 


1 

2 

4 






! 












f 




































Al No 


Z 






Date 






Due. 


6 

7 
« 

to 














































Al No 






Date 






Date 


11 

12 

1) 
14 
IS 

















• 






























Al No 






I^ie 






t)ut 


16 
P 

IS 
19 
20 














































(II) 


(12) 


tU) (U) [If) 


(16) 




• Column ii Attign Al rmmbcr when yuu determine • Column 12 H ^n hit A,* u» ImJlorJ jnJ Al Id* •Column ir. hmer date unly alter vou hive J»t*vrtvl 

Vi«i mull K'" *" Al Ai«*n Al numhrri n. ih.» (Wrfc.n r.n(n .n uJomn I* the A » numtui *ll injuirrJ ijue-u 1 Mid lu.c ...mpl.n.l j.< Al 

.mJri i-T.ri.iriinti *>ih 1 i,m ihc tini Al pw jrt 1,. on which tht Mint ,a ihu nrr»m .pr- " « .t mjuircJ 
get 2 I. if ihe wrcnJ n, wnani 



136 



INDEX TO TABLES 



Abnormal farms 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay. 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

Angora goats and kids 

Animals sold alive, specified 

Annual legumes, specified 

Apples 

Apricots 

Area, approximate land 

Asparagus 

Automobiles • 

Austrian winter peas 

Average size of farm 

Avocados 



Barley 

Beans 

Beets (table ) 

Berries , spec if led 

Blackberries 

Blackeyes and other green cowpeas 

Blueberries (tame or wild) < 

Boysenberries 

Broccoli 

Broilers sold 

Broomcorn 

Buckwheat 

Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, and cheese sold. 



Cabbage 

Calves. See Cattle and calves. 

Cane, sugar 

Cantaloups and muskmelons , etc 

Carrots 

Cash-grain farms 

Cash tenants 

Cash wages paid for farm labor 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sold alive 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Change in definition of farms 

Cherries 

Chicken eggs sold 

Chickens 

Chickens sold 

Christmas trees sold 

Citrus fruits, specified 

Clingstone peaches 

Clover seed 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 

grasses cut for hay 

Collards : • 

Color of operator 

Commercial farms 

Commercial fertilizer, expenditures for 

Commercial fertilizer, uses of 

Common and perennial ryegrass seed 

Conservation of land 

Corn 



Corn pickers 

Cotton 

Cotton farms 

Cowpeas 

Cows ' 

Cream sold 

Crimson clover seed 

Crop drier 

Cropland 

By acres harvested 

By color of operator 

By irrigation 

By tenure of operator 

By use 

Cropland in cover crops 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed 

on the contour 

Croppers (for South only) 

Crop-snare tenants 

Crop fertilized, specified 

Crops harvested from irrigated land 

Crops harvested , specified 

Crops sold 

Cucumbers and pickles 

Cultivated summer fallow 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants grown for sale 



Dairy farms 

Dairy products 

Dairy products sold 

Date of enumeration 

Dates 

Days worked off farm 

Definition of farms, change in. 

Dry field and seed beans 

Dry field and seed peas 

Dry onions 

' Ducks sold 

Durum wheat 



Economic class of farm 

Eggplant 

Eggs sold 

Electric milk cooler 

Elevators, power-operated, conveyor or blower. 

Emmer and spelt 

English or Persian walnuts 

Equipment and facilities, specified 

Escarole , endive , and chickory 



14,17 



7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17, IB, 19, 20, 21 

8 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 



7,12 
8 



15,17,18,19,20 

3,17,18,19,20,21,22 

5,14,15,16 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



10 

8 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

9 



3,4,17 
14,17, 

17,18 
1,17,18 
4,17,18 

15,17 



18,19,20 
18,19,21 

5 
19,20,21 

8 
19,20,21 

8 

19,20,21 

8,15 

18,19,20 



6,12,17,13 
7,17,18 



1,2,3,17,18 
3,17 

3,17,18 

1,2,17,18 

17,18 



5 

11 

11 

11 

10a 

9,10a 

11 

11 

11 

1 

11 

4,6 

11 

1,1a 

11 

11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
10 
11 
11 



Ewes 

Expenditures, farm. 



See Farm expenditures, 
fallow. 



19,20,21 

19,20,21 

8 

4,17,18,19,20,21 
1,2,3 
19,20,21 
,18,19,20 
1.2 
19,20,21 
,19,20,21 
,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 

1,17,18,19,20,21 

,13,17,18,19,20,21 

,13,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

1,17,18,19,20,21 



15,17,18,19,20 

7 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

11 

8 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

10 

8 



7 
8 

14,17,18,19 

8 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

8 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



4,8 
4,9 

11 

11 

1 

11 

4,10 
4,8 

4,10 
12 
11 
11 
11 

11 

11 

3 

4,5 



11 

1,1a 

11 

4,6 

11 

5 

11 

4,8 

4,10 

11 

6 

,1a, 2, 3 

1,2,4 

3 

la 

3 

1,1a 

1 

1 
5 

7 

la, 11a 

4,11 

5,11 

11 

1,1a 

12 



10 

5,9 

6 

11 
5 
1 
11 
11 
11 
10 
11 

5 

11 

4,10 

4,6 

6 

11 

11 

4,6 

11 



Fallow land. See Cultivated 
Farm expenditures, specified. 

Farm labor 

Farm operators: 

By age 

By color 

By residence 

By tenure 

By off -farm work and other income 

Farm products , value of 

Farm property, value of 

Farms, number 

By color of operator 

By economic class 

By kind of road on which located 

By kind of workers 

During specified week 

By land irrigated 

By size of farm 

By tenure of operator 

By type of farm 

By value of products sold . - 

Farms with all harvested crops irrigated 

Feed for livestock and poultry, expenditures for.. 

Fence posts cut 

Fertilizer, commercial, expenditures for 

Fertilizer, commercial, uses for 

Fescue seed 

Field and seed beans, dry 

Field and seed peas, dry 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable 

and fruit-and-nut 

Field crops 

Field crops, other than vegetables and 

fruits and nuts , sold 

Field forage harvesters 

Field seeds 



6,17,18,19,20,21 



5,17,18,19,20,21 
,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18, 

3,4,17, 

4,17,18, 

3,4,17,18, 

4,17,18, 

17,18, 

1,17,18 

1,2,17,18 

3,17 

4,17,18 
5,17,1B 



19,20,21 
18,19,20 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 
18,19,20 
17,18,19 
19,20,21 
19,20,21 



1,17,18 

2,16,17 

3,17 

17 

17,18 



Figs 

Filberts and hazelnuts 

Firewood and fuelwood 

Flaxseed 

Forest products 

Forest products sold 

Freestone peaches 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Fruits and nuts, specified. 

Fruits and nuts sold 

Full owners 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil, 
expenditures for ' 

Geese sold 

General farms 

Goats and kids 

Goats and kids clipped 

Goats and kids sold alive 

Grain combines 

Grains 

Grapefruit 

Grapes 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 
or small grains 

Green lima beans 

Green peas (English) 

Greenhouse products 

Guineas sold 



Hairy vetch seed 

Harvesters, field forage. 



19,20,21 
18,19,20 
18,19,20 
18,19,20 
19,20,21 

1 
5,17,18,19,20,21 

9 

5 
17,18,19,20,21 

8 



15,17,19,20 
8 

17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

8 

8 

9 

8 

9 

9,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

15,17,18,19,20 

8 

17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 



5,17,18,19,20,21 

7 

15,17,18,19,20 

6,7,17,18,19,20,21 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

7 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



Hay crops ■■ 

Hazelnuts (included with Filberts). 

Heifers and heifer calves 

Hired labor, expenditures for 

Hired labor by basis of payment 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sold alive 

Home freezer 

Honeydews 



Hops. 

Horses and colts, including ponies 

Horses and/or mules 

Horses and/or mules sold alive 

Horticultural specialties sold 

See also Nursery and greenhouse products. 



Improved pecans 

Income, farm. See Value of farm products sold. 

Irish potatoes 

Irrigated farms, number 

Irrigated land in farms 

By use 



Kale 

Kind of road. 
Kumquats 



Ladino seed 

Land and buildings, value of... 

Land area , approximate 

Land from which hay was cut.... 
Land in farms 

By color of operator 

By size of farm 

By tenure of operator 

By use 

Land in fruit orchards, groves, 
and planted nut trees 



vineyards , 



4,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

8 

6,17,18,19,20,21 

5,17,18,19,20,21 

,15,16,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



6,17,18,19,20,21 

7 

9,17,18,19,20,21 



1,2 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



1,17,18,19,20,21 

1 

8 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20 

2,17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 



',7 
4,6 

5 

3 

6 

3,4,5 

4,5 

5 

1,4 

1,2,4,5 

3 

5 

4,6 

6 

6 

la 

2 

3,5 

5 

5 

11a 

4,7 

12 

7 
11 
11 
11 



4,6 

11 

11 

11 

12 

11 

12 

5,12 

11 

5 

11 

5 

3,4,5 



4,7 

10 

5 

10a 

10a 

10a 

4,6 

11 

11 

11 

11 
11 
11 
12 



11 

6 

11 

11 

8 

4,7 

6,7 

4,8 

4,9 

4,6 

11 

11 

4,8 

9 

5,12 



11 

11 

la, 11a 

1,1a, 11a 

la, 11a 

11 

4,6 

11 

11 

1,4 

1 

11 

1,2,3,4 

3 

2 

3 

1 

11 



INDEX TO TABLES 



137 



County 



Land in irrigated farms 

By use 

land in strip-cropping systems for soil 

erosion control 

Land irrigated by source of water 

Land pastured 

Legumes, specified annual 

Lemons 

Lespedeza cut for hay 

Lespedeza seed 

Lettuce and romaine 

Lima beans 

Lime and liming material, expenditures for.... 
Lime and liming material used during the year. 
Limes 



Litters f arrowed 

Livestock and livestock products sold 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy 

and livestock ranches 

Livestock ranches 

Livestock-share tenants 

Livestock, specified 

Livestock sold alive 

Loganberries 

Lupine seed 



Machine hire, expenditures for 

Managed land 

Managers 

Mandarins (included with Tangerines). 

Mangoes 

Maple sirup made 

Buckets hung 

Maple sugar made 

Milk cooler, electric 

Bulk-type 

Milk sold 

Milk cows 

Milking machine , 

Mint for oil 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms. 

Mixed grains , 

Mohair clipped 

Motortrucks 

Mules and mule colts 



Navel oranges 

Nectarines 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and 

vegetable seeds and plants , and bulbs 

Nursery and nursery products (trees, shrubs, 

vines , omamenta Is , etc .) 

Nuts, specified 



Oats 

Oats cleaned out of vetch and peas 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, and other small 

grains cut for hay 

Of f -farm work and other income 

Okra 



Olives 

Onions 

Operators, farm. See Farm operators. 

Oranges 

Oranges, including tangerines and mandarins. 

Other and unspecified tenants 

Other field-crop farms 

Owned land 

Part owners 

Part-retirement 

Part-time farms 

Pasture 

Peaches 

Peanuts 



Pears 

Peas 

Pecans 

Peppers. See Sweet peppers and plmlentos. 

Pick-up balers 

Pimientos 



Plums 

Plums and prunes 

Popcorn 

Potatoes 

Poultry and poultry products 

Poultry and poultry products sold 

Poultry farms 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower. 

Products, farm, value of 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pulpwood sold 

Pumpkins 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Quinces 



1,2,17,18,19,20,21 
17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 

1,2,17, IS, 19, 20, 21 

8 

8 

8 

8 

8 

8 

5 

17,13,19,20,21 

8 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

15,17,18,19,20 

15,17,18,19,20 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

8 



5,17,18,19,20,21 
3 
3,21 
8 
8 
9 
9 
9 

4,17,18,19,20,21 
4 

7,17,18,19,20,21 
6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

15,17,18,19,20 



4,17,16,19,20,21 
6 

8 
8 

3, 4,17, IS, 19,20 

9 



Radishes 

Rams and wethers . 

Raspberries 

Red clover seed.. 
Redtop seed 



1,1a, 11a 
la, 11a 

1 
la 
1,1a 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 
11 



4,5 



9 

9,10a 



4,17,18,19,20,21 
8 
8 



3,17,18,19,20,21 

15,17,18,19,20 
3 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

14,17 

17 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



8 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

15,17,18,19,20 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 



5,17,18,19,20,21 
8 



5 
5 
5 
4,8,9 
4,5,9,10a 
11 
11 

4,7 
3 
3,4,5 
11 
11 
12 
12 

4,6 

6 

4,10 

4,8 

4,6 

11 

5 

11 

10a 

4,6 

111 

11 
11 
3 



12 

11 

11 
11 

11 

5 

11 

11 
11 

11 

11 

5 

5 

3 

3,4 

5 

5 

1,1a 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

4,6 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

4,8,9 

4,5,9,10 

5 



11 

11 
12 
11 
4,7 
11 



6,17,18,19,20,21 
8 



Residence of operator 

Rice 

Root and grain crops hogged or grazed 

Rye 

Ryegrass seed , common and perennial 

Sampling, reliability of 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut 

Seed beans, dry field and 

Seed peas, dry field and 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, expenditures for.. 

Seeds , field 

Shallots 

Share-cash tenants 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 

Sheep and lambs sold alive 

Silage , 

Size of farm 

Small fruits 

Small grains 

Snap beans (bush and pole types) 

Sorghums. 

Soybeans 

Specified equipment and facilities 

Specified farm expenditures 

Spinach 

Spring wheat 

Squash 

Steers and bulls, including steer and bull calves. 

Strawberries 

Sugar beets for sugar 

Sugarcane for seed 

Sugarcane for sugar 

Sugarcane or sorghum for sirup 

Summer fallow, cultivated 

Sweetclover seed 

Sweet corn 

Sweet peppers and pijnientos 

Sweetpotatoes 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land 

Tangelos 

Tangerines and mandarins 

Telephone 

Tenants 

Temple oranges 

Tenure of farm operator 

Timber 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco farms 

Tomatoes 

Tractors 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes 

Tung nuts 

Turkeys 

Turnips 

Type of farm 

Unclassified farms 

Uses of commercial fertilizer 

Uses of land 

Valencia oranges 

Value: 

Crops 

Farm products sold 

Farms (land and buildings) 

Livestock 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower and vegetable 
seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms.... 

Vegetable farms 

Vegetables for home use 

Vegetables harvested for sale 

Vegetables sold 

Velvetbeans 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or 

other grains, cut for hay 

Vetch seed 

Vineyards. See Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes. 

Wa fe e rates 

Walnuts 

Watermelons 

Wax beans. See Snap beans. 

Wheat 

White farm operators 

Wlln hay cut 

Winter wheat 

Woodland in farm, by use 

Wool shorn : 

Wool sold 

Workers : 

Family 

Hired 

Regular 

Seasonal 

Specified week 

Work off farm 

Young berries 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



23,24 
9 



8 
5,17,18,19,20,21 



3,17,18,19,20,21,22 

6,12,17,16,19,20,21 

7 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

16,17,18,19,20 



4,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 



6,17,18,19,20,21 



1,17,18,19,20,21 



17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 
8 

3,17,18,19,20,21 
9 
8 
8 
15,17,18,19,20 
8 

4,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

8 

6,7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

15,17,16,19,20 

17,18,19,20 

17,18,19,20,21 

1,17,18,19,20,21 



17,18,19,20,21 

1,17,18,19,20,21 

6,7,17,18,19,20,21 



15,17,18,19,20 



17,18,19,20,21 
8 



3,4,17,18,19,20 



1,17,18,19,20,21 
7,12 



5,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 
5 
5,17,18,19,20,21 
4,17,18,19,20,21 




UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 



AGRICULTURE 



ew nampshire 



COUNTIES 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



U.S. CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 

Final Report — Vol. I — Part 2 — Counties 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS 
LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS 
CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES 



New Hampshire 



COUNTIES 



Prepared under the supervision of 
RAY HURLEY, Chief 
Agriculture Division 




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
Luther H. Hodges, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Robert W. Burgess, Director 






BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROBERT W. BURGESS, Director 



A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Lowell T. Galt, Special Assistant 

Herman P. Miller, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician 

Joseph F. Daly, Chief Mathematical Statistician 

Charles B. Lawrence, Jr., Assistant Director for Operations 

Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 

Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief International Statistical Programs Office 

A. W. von Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division — 
Ray Hurley, Chitf 
Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Cbiif 
Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chitf 

Field Division — 

Jefferson D. McPike, Chief 

Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — 

C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Henry A. Bloom, Assistant Chief 
Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 
Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 
Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief 
Construction Statistics Division — Samuel J. Dennis, Chief 
Decennial Operations Division — Glen S. Taylor, Chief 
Demographic Surveys Division — Robert B. Pearl, Chief 
Economic Operations Division — Majuon D. Bingham, Chief 
Electronic Systems Division — Robert F. Drury, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — William T. Fay, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Housing Division — Wayne F. Daugherty, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Personnel Division — James P. Taff, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 
Statistical Methods Division — Joseph Steinberg, Chief 
Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 
Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 
Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC59-1 and AC59-? 
Preliminary Reports 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: A60-9482 



SUGGESTED CITATION 

U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1959 Vol. I, 
Counties, Part 2 New Hampshire 

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1961. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. Price $1.00 



PREFACE 



Volume I, Counties, is one of the five principal reports presenting the results of the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 54 parts, presents the compilation of the infor- 
mation given by farm operators to census enumerators in 1959. 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress of 
August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code. 

The collection of the data was carried out by census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Bureau of the Census and working under the direction 
of Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Field Division. Paul R. Squires, then Special Assistant to the 
Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief, and Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief. They 
were assisted by M. Vincent Lindquist, Hilton E. Robison, Helen E. Teir, Carl R. Nyman, 
Kenneth R. Norrell, Gladys L. Eagle, Henry L. De Graff, Charles H. Boehne, Joseph A. 
Correll, Margaret Wood, Evelyn Jett, Isaac E. Lemon, James M. Lindsey, Samuel S. Mur- 
ray, William F. Kauffman, Hector Vila, Harry P. Owings, Charles A Nicholls, Henry A. 
Tucker, Robert S. Boyle, Helen M. Davenport, Albert W. Graybill, Lois G. Miller, Thomas 
D. Monroe, Gerald P. Owens, Bernard L. Ross, Marvin M. Thompson, Helen D. Turner, 
Kurt W. Luethy, Arnold L. Bollenbacher, George W. Coffman, Joseph A. Horak, Samuel J. 
Hundley, Donald K. Larson, Chester G. Lykins, Wilmer R. Maxham, Virgil L. McClain, Jr., 
Darrell D. Prochaska, Robert J. Rades, Hubert E. Sites, Duane E. Traylor, Donald H. von 
Steen, Elmer O. Rea, Frances G. Compton, and Lillian W. Bentel. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of personnel by the 
United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumeration, and the com- 
pilation of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. 

March 1961 

III 



Boston Public Library 
Superintendent of Documents 

JUN 21 1961 



DEPOSITORY 

UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 
FINAL REPORTS 

Volume I — Counties — A separate part for each State. Statistics on number of farms; farm characteristics; acreage in farms; cropland 
and other uses of land; land-use practices; irrigation; farm facilities and equipment; farm labor; farm expenditures; use of commercial 
fertilizer; number and kind of livestock; acres and production of crops; value of farm products; characteristics of commercial farms, farms 
classified by tenure, by size, type, and economic class; and comparative data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Volume I is published in 54 parts as follows: 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 




New England States: 




West North Central — Continued 




Mountain: 


1 


Maine. 


19 


South Dakota. 


38 


Montana. 


2 


New Hampshire. 


20 


Nebraska. 


39 


Idaho. 


3 


Vermont. 


21 


Kansas. 


40 


Wyoming. 


4 


Massachusetts. 




South Atlantic: 


41 


Colorado. 


5 


Rhode Island. 


22 


Delaware. 


42 


New Mexico. 


6 


Connecticut. 


23 


Maryland. 


43 


Arizona. 




Middle Atlantic States: 


24 


Virginia. 


44 


Utah. 


7 


New York. 


25 


West Virginia. 


45 


Nevada. 


8 


New Jersey. 


26 


North Carolina. 




Pacific: 


9 


Pennsylvania. 


27 


South Carolina. 


46 


Washington. 




East North Central: 


28 


Georgia. 


47 


Oregon. 


10 


Ohio. 


29 


Florida. 


48 


California. 


11 


Indiana. 




East South Central: 


49 


Alaska. 


12 


Illinois. 


30 


Kentucky. 


50 


Hawaii 


13 


Michigan. 


31 


Tennessee. 




Other Areas: 


14 


Wisconsin. 


32 


Alabama. 


51 


American Samoa. 




West North Central: 


33 


Mississippi. 


52 


Guam. 


15 


Minnesota. 




West South Central: 


53 


Puerto Rico. 


16 


Iowa. 


34 


Arkansas. 


54 


Virgin Islands. 


17 


Missouri. 


35 


Louisiana. 






18 


North Dakota. 


36 
37 


Oklahoma. 
Texas. 







Volume II — General Report. — Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. Summary data and analyses of the 
data by States, for geographic divisions, and for the United States, by subjects, as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 

II 
III 

IV 

V 

VI 


Farms and Land in Farms. 

Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 

Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 

Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 

Cash Rent. 
Size of Farm. 
Livestock and Livestock Products. 


VII 
VIII 

IX 
X 

XI 
XII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 

Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest Prod- 
ucts. 
Value of Farm Products. 
Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 
Economic Class of Farm. 
Type of Farm. 



Volume III — Irrigation of Agricultural Lands. Western States 
(Dry Areas) — Data by States for drainage basins and a summary 
for the area, including number and types of irrigation organiza- 
tions, source of water, expenditures for works and equipment since 
1950, water used and acres served for irrigation purposes. 

Volume IV — Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Data by States on 
land in drainage organizations, number and types of organizations, 
cost of drainage and drainage works. 



Volume V — Special Reports, Part 1. — Horticultural Specialties. 

Statistics by States and a summary for the United States present- 
ing number and kinds of operations; gross receipts and/or gross 
sales; sales of nursery products, flower seed, vegetables grown 
under glass, and propagated mushrooms; number of container- 
grown plants; inventory products; sales of bulb crops; employ- 
ment; structures and equipment. 

Titles of additional parts, of this volume are not available as 
this report goes to press. 



IV 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE D 

Page 

History of the Census IX 

Legal basis for the Census IX 

Pretest of the 1959 Census LX 

Training program for personnel for enumeration IX 

Enumeration period IX 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization LX 

The agriculture questionnaire IX 

Agricultural operations X 

Enumeration assignments and enumeration districts X 

Enumerator ' s record book XI 

Enumeration maps XI 

Lists of special and large farms XI 

Landlord- tenant questionnaire XI 

Township sketch map XI 

Field review of enumerator ' s work XII 

SAMPLING 

Use of sampling XII 

Description of the sample XII 

Adjustment of the sample XII 

Estimation of totals for the sample XII 

Presentation of sample data XII 

Reliability of estimates XII 

Differences in data resulting from differences in 

tabulating procedures XIII 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of enumeration XIII 

Editing of questionnaires XIII 

Coding of questionnaires XIII 

Tabulation of data XIII 

PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical content of this report XIV 

Comparability of data XIV 

Minor civil divisions XIV 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive summary and references XIV 

General Farm Information 

Census definition of a farm XIV 

Farm operator XV 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XV 

Land area XV 

Land in farms XV 

Land in farms according to use XVI 

Value of land and buildings XVII 

Age of operator XVII 

Residence of operator XVII 

Year began operating present farm XVII 

Off-farm work and other income XVII 

Equipment and facilities XVII 

Farms by kind of road XVIII 

Farm labor XVIII 

Fertilizer and lime XVIII 

Specified farm expenditures XIX 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Crops 

Page 

Crops harvested XIX 

Corn XLX 

Annual legumes XX 

Hay crops XX 

Field seed crops XX 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XX 

Berries and other small fruits XX 

Tree fruits , nuts , and grapes XX 

Nursery and greenhouse products XXI 

Forest products XXI 

Value of crops harvested XXI 

Value of crops sold XXI 



Irrigation 

Definition of irrigated land XXI 

Enumeration of irrigated land XXI 

Irrigated farms XXI 

Land in irrigated farms XXI 

Land irrigated XXI 

Farms irrigated by number of acres irrigated XXI 

Land irrigated by source of water XXI 



Land-Use Practices 

Summary information XXII 

Cropland in cover crops XXII 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the 

contour XXII 

Land in strip-cropping systems for soil-erosion control — XXII 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land XXII 



Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories XXII 

Milk cows, cows milked, milk produced, and butter XXII 

Whole milk and cream sold XXII 

Sows and gilts f arrowing XXII 

Sheep, lambs , and wool XXII 

Goats and mohair XXII 

Bees and honey XXII 

Value of livestock on farms XXII 

Sales of live animals XXII 

Sales of poultry and poultry products XXIII 



Classification of Farms 

Scope of classification XXIII 

Farms by size XXIII 

Farms by color of operator XXIII 

Farms by tenure of operator XXIII 

Farms by economic class XXIII 

Farms by type XXIV 

Value of farm products sold XXV 



(V) 



VI CONTENTS 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— Page 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 3 

2 Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 4 

3. — Farms and farm acreage, by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 6 

4 Farm operators by color, age, residence, and off -farm work; and equipment and 

facilities on farms : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 7 

5. — Specified farm expenditures and farm labor : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 8 

6. — Livestock and poultry on farms, number and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 9 

7. —Livestock and livestock and poultry products sold: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 10 

8. — Farms reporting, acreage, quantity harvested, and sales of crops: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 11 

9. —Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 14 

10. — Characteristics of places not counted as farms because of change in definition of farm: 1959 15 

11 Date of enumeration: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 15 

12. — Farms reporting classified by number of livestock on farms and by quantity of livestock 

and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 16 

13.— Farms reporting classified by acres harvested, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for 

selected crops : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 17 

14 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by economic class of farm, Census of 1959 20 

15. — Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by type of farm, Census of 1959 22 

16. — Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by size of farm, Census of 1959 24 

17 Farms and farm characteristics by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 26 

18. — Farms and farm characteristics of commercial farms by type of farm 

by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 . 36 

19 Farms and farm characteristics by type of farm: Census of 1959 51 

20. — Farms and farm characteristics by size of farm: Census of 1959 56 

21 Farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator: Census of 1959 66 

22. — Cash rent paid by cash tenants and share-cash tenants by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 76 

23 Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county and State by number of farms reporting, by levels 76 

24 Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county and State totals for specified items 77 

Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 
County Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 80 

2 Number of farms, land in farms, and cropland harvested, by size of farm: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 82 

3 . — Farms and farm acreage by tenure of operator : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 84 

4 Characteristics of commercial farms, Census of 1959 85 

5 Farms reporting by off -farm work; and farms by tenure of operator, type of farm, economic class of farm, 

and value of farm products sold, by source: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 87 

6. — Equipment and facilities on farms and farm labor : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 89 

7.— Use of fertilizer and lime on farms and farm expenditures: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 91 

8 . — Livestock and poultry on farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 93 

9. — Livestock and livestock products sold from farms and litters farrowed: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 95 

10. — Dairy products and poultry and poultry products sold from farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 97 

10a . — Goats and kids on farms and mohair c lipped : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 

11. — Farms reporting acreage and quantity of crops harvested : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 98 

12. — Nursery and greenhouse products and forest products cut on farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 106 

APPENDIX 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire 110 

Enumerator ' s Record Book 114 

Index to tables 116 



INTRODUCTION 

(VII) 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Counties/ County Seats, Mountains, and Rivers 




MAP NO. G-4 



INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



History of the Census. — The 1959 Census is the 17th nationwide 
agricultural census. The first agricultural census was taken in 
1810, at the same time as the Sixth Decennial Census of Popu- 
lation. From 1850 to 1920, an agricultural census was taken 
every 10 years. With increased application of scientific findings 
and the growing use of mechanization in agriculture, farming 
practices were changing so rapidly that facts collected at 10-year 
intervals were no longer adequate. Aware of the need for more 
accurate and timely information, the Congress in 1909 (36 stat. 
10, sec. 31, provided for a census to be taken in 1915 and every 
10 years thereafter which was to be in addition to the census of 
agriculture to be taken at the time of the decennial census of 
population. The 1915 census was not taken, however, because 
of the abnormal conditions created by World War I. Beginning 
with 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken every 
5 years. 

Legal Basis for the Census. — The 1959 Census of Agriculture 
was authorized by an Act of Congress, as were all prior censuses 
of agriculture. "Title 13, United States Code-Census," codified in 
August 1954, and amended in August 1957 and September 1960, 
is now the legal basis for censuses of agriculture and other cen- 
suses, and surveys conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Sec- 
tion 142, paragraph (a), of Title 13 makes provision for the 
Census of Agriculture. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall, beginning in the month of October 
1959, and in the same month of every fifth year thereafter, take 
a census of agriculture, provided that the censuses directed to 
be taken in October 1959 and each tenth year thereafter, may, 
when and where deemed advisable by the Secretary, be taken 
instead in conjunction with the censuses provided in section 
141 of this title." (Section 141 relates to the decennial cen- 
suses of population, unemployment, and housing to be taken 
as of the first day of April of each decennial year.) Under 
authority granted by Section 4 of Title 13, the Secretary of 
Commerce delegated "the functions and duties imposed upon 
him by this title" to the Director of the Bureau of the Census. 

Pretest of the 1959 Census. — A "pretest" of the field procedures 
of the 1959 Census of Agriculture was conducted in 17 counties 
of the United States during the fall of 1958. The purpose of the 
pretest was to provide the Bureau with a measure of the effective- 
ness of the questions and procedures planned for the 1959 
nationwide census. Three versions of the agriculture question- 
naire — the first one for Northern States, the second for Southern 
States, and the third for Western States — were used in the pre- 
test. Each version contained questions appropriate to the type 
of agriculture in the part of the country where it was used. All 
major aspects of field forms and procedures, from the hiring and 
training of crew leaders and enumerators to actual interviews 
with farm operators, were given a "trial run" in each of the 17 
counties. Preliminary versions of reporting forms, maps, pay- 
roll records, training guides, and instruction manuals were sub- 
jected to actual use under conditions simulating those expected 
in the nationwide enumeration conducted in the fall of 1959. 

In making final preparations for the 1959 census, the staff of 
the Bureau drew heavily on the results of the pretest, as well as 
on experience gained from previous censuses. 

Training Program for Personnel for Enumeration. — Every per- 
son hired to do work in connection with the 1959 Census of Agri- 
culture received specialized training for his job. Staff mem- 



bers of the Washington and Regional Offices of the Bureau and 
of the U.S. Department of Agriculture trained approximately 110 
agriculture field assistants and 2,100 crew leaders. The crew 
leaders, in turn, trained and supervised approximately 30,000 
enumerators. All training was presented according to procedures 
contained in various guides and manuals prepared by the Bureau. 
The training program included filmstrips, map-reading, practice 
interviewing, and practice filling of questionnaires and other 
census forms. In most instances, training sessions were held 
near the areas in which employees worked and immediately prior 
to the beginning of their assignments. 

Enumeration Period.— The actual enumeration in the conter- 
minous United States (see page XIV) started at dates varying 
from October 7 to November IS, 1959. In general, starting dates 
were based upon regional variations in harvesting seasons and 
on weather conditions. The primary aim was to have the 
enumeration late enough to follow the harvesting of the bulk 
of important crops and early enough to precede the advent of 
winter weather with the attending unfavorable travel conditions. 
The bulk of the enumeration work was completed within three 
to four weeks after the starting date. In Hawaii, the enumera- 
tion was made during the months of December 1959 and January 
1960 ; and in Alaska, during April 1960. 

Enumeration starting dates for the censuses of 1959 and 1954 
are given in State table 11, together with figures showing the 
percentage of farms enumerated in the State during weekly pe- 
riods. The average enumeration date for the 1959 census for 
each county is given in county table 6. 

Data for inventory items — land in farms, machinery and equip- 
ment, livestock, and poultry — relate to the situation at the actual 
time of enumeration of each individual farm. Data for acres, 
production, and sales of crops relate generally to the crops har- 
vested during the crop year 1959, regardless of whether and when 
they were sold while data for sales of livestock and livestock 
products relate to the calendar year 1959. Since the enumera- 
tion was made before the end of 1959, special emphasis was 
placed upon the inclusion of estimates for crops yet to be sold 
and for livestock and livestock products expected to be sold in 
the period from the time of enumeration to the end of the cal- 
endar year. Instructions on the questionnaire and the wording 
of questions were designed to assure that full crop-year or 
calendar-year data would be reported. For example, "How much 
of this year's crop was or will be sold?" 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization. — Section 5 of Title 13 of the United States Code 
authorizes the preparation of forms and questionnaires used in 
the census. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall prepare schedules, and shall determine 
the inquiries, and the number, form, and subdivisions thereof, 
for the statistics, surveys, and censuses provided for in this 
title." 

The Agriculture Questionnaire. — The questionnaire for the 1959 
Census of Agriculture was prepared by the staff of the Bureau. 
Selection of the inquiries was based on the results of the 1958 
pretest and experience gained in earlier censuses. Careful con- 
sideration was given to such factors as the current availability 



563128—60 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



of data from other sources, the possibility of obtaining data by 
methods other than a census, the adequacy of the data that might 
be obtained, and the need for and usefulness of the data. Two 
committees gave advice and counsel to the Bureau. One of these, 
a Special Advisory Committee, was composed of members desig- 
nated by the organizations they represented, following an invita- 
tion from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to name a 
representative to serve in an advisory capacity. The Special 
Advisory Committee for the 1959 Census of Agriculture was 
made up of one representative from each of the following : Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, American Association of Land- 
Grant Colleges and State Universities, American Farm Bureau 
Federation, American Farm Economic Association, American 
Statistical Association, Farm Equipment Institute, National As- 
sociation of Commissioners, Secretaries, and Directors of Agri- 
culture, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, National 
Farmers' Union, National Grange, Rural Sociological Society, 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A representative of 
the Bureau of the Budget was in attendance at all meetings of 
the Advisory Committee. 

Because of the special interest of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture in censuses of agriculture, the Director of the Bureau 
of the Census sought the continuous cooperation of that organiza- 
tion in developing plans, questionnaires, and procedures for the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. Working Groups were established 
in the U.S. Department of Agriculture to make recommendations 
for the following general subjects : 

Tenure, Land Values, and Mortgage Debt 

Land Use and Conservation and Production Practices 

Field Crops 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Forest Products 

Livestock, Poultry, and Dairy 

Income and Expenditure (including Contractual Operations) 

Farm Labor 

Equipment and Facilities (including Structures) 

Each Working Group had the responsibility for ascertaining 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture's need for data in the field 
covered by its "terms of reference" and for presenting recom- 
mendations to a small Joint Committee comprising representa- 
tives of both the Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. The Joint Committee received written recom- 
mendations from each Working Group. The Chairman of each 
Group appeared before the Joint Committee as did any member 
of the Working Group who was needed to present supplemental 
information of a specialized nature. 

Prior to the formulation of the questionnaire, State Agricul- 
tural Colleges and other major users of census data were invited 
to suggest inquiries for the enumeration. Each member of the 
Special Advisory Committee had the opportunity and the respon- 
sibility for channeling in suggestions from the organization he 
represented. The number of inquiries submitted from all sources 
greatly exceeded the number that could be included in the census, 
from the point of view of cost, of the respondent's time and 
patience, and of practical value to the majority of users of data. 

The final selection included 316 questions, some of which con- 
sisted of several parts, for the 48 States comprising the con- 
terminous United States. Although each of the 316 questions 
was asked in one or more of the 48 States, considerably less than 
this total was asked in any one State because of the use of "State" 
questionnaires. Moreover, about 50 questions out of the total 
were asked of approximately one-fifth of all farm operators in 
the State. The number of questions ranged from 159 on the 
questionnaire for Maine to 194 on the questionnaire for Cali- 
fornia. In all, 38 versions of the questionnaire — one for each 
State or combination of adjoining States and two for Texas — 



were used for the 1959 census in the conterminous United States 
as compared with 21 versions in 1954 and 41 in 1950. A separate 
version was used in Alaska and another in Hawaii. 

Differences in the questionnaires were designed to account 
for regional and local differences in agriculture. Most, but not 
all, of the differences related to crops. The use of State ques- 
tionnaires made possible the inclusion of separate inquiries for 
all important crops grown within a State and, at the same 
time, a reduction in the total number of inquiries for a State. 
Questions that did not apply, to any considerable degree, to a 
particular State were omitted from the questionnaire used in 
that State. For example, separate questions about citrus fruits 
were omitted from all questionnaires except for the few States 
where citrus fruits are grown. An added advantage of State 
questionnaires was that production and sales data could be asked 
in the unit of measure most commonly used by the farmers in 
each State. Regional variation in the number and type of ques- 
tions is an important provision of the census for obtaining com- 
plete coverage of agricultural operations. 

About 2 weeks before the start of the enumeration, agricul- 
ture questionnaires were mailed to most households in rural 
areas. A letter was attached to each questionnaire asking the 
farm operator to fill the questionnaire and to give it to the enu- 
merator when he called. The purpose of this procedure was 
to save time and money in taking the census and to improve the 
quality of the information given by farm operators. By having 
the questionnaire ahead of time, the farmer could determine what 
information would be required and could check his records in 
advance of the enumerator's visit. It was, however, the respon- 
sibility of the enumerator to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each place which qualified. If the questionnaire had been filled 
out by the farm operator, the enumerator was instructed to 
examine the questionnaire for completeness and accuracy and, 
if need be, to give the farmer such help as might be necessary. 

Agricultural Operations. — The training of enumerators stressed 
the concept that a census of agriculture is a census of agricultural 
operations rather than a census of farms. This concept was in- 
tended to assure a complete agricultural census free of any per- 
sonal judgment by enumerators as to what constitutes a farm. In 
accordance with clearly defined procedures, an enumerator was 
required to obtain an agriculture questionnaire for each person 
who had charge of one or more agricultural operations, whether 
or not he considered himself to be a farm operator. For enu- 
meration purposes, it was considered that there were agricul- 
tural operations on a place if, at any time in 1959 — 

a. Any livestock (hogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, or mules) 
were kept on the place. 

b. A combined total of 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and ducks 
were kept on the place. 

c. Any grain, hay, tobacco, or other field crops were grown on 
the place. 

d. A combined total of 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and 
nut trees were on the place. 

e. Any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
were grown on the place for sale. 

As a result of the requirement that all places having agri- 
cultural operations be enumerated, more questionnaires were 
obtained than are included in the tabulations for farms. During 
the office processing operations that followed the completion of 
enumeration, criteria were applied to the questionnaires to sort 
out for tabulation those that represented farms according to 
the census definition of a farm (see page XIV). 

Enumeration Assignments and Enumeration Districts. — To as- 
sure a complete enumeration within the time allotted, the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) was divided into 29,374 
Enumeration Assignments, or EA's. Each EA comprised an 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



area that one enumerator could reasonably be expected to canvass 
within a 3- to 4-week period, as indicated by performance rec- 
ords from the 1954 census. 

Each EA was made up of one or more Enumeration Dis- 
tricts, or "ED's," as the geographic unit for enumeration. Prior 
to the enumeration, the ED's were classified into three groups 
on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the number 
of farms, as indicated by the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the 
1950 Census of Population and Housing, current population esti- 
mates, and highway maps showing culture which were basic 
to establishing the boundaries of each assignment. Through the 
use of different canvassing procedures for each group of ED's, 
the Bureau was able to reduce the cost of enumeration without 
running any material risk of missing any farms or other places 
with agricultural operations. The ED groupings and canvassing 
procedures are described below. 

Group I Enumeration Districts. — In general, ED's with no 
well-defined cluster of dwellings were considered to be open- 
country areas and comprise Group I. For each ED of Group 
I, in his Enumeration Assignment, the enumerator was required 
to list in his Record Book the name of every head of household 
living in the ED and also the name of every person not living 
in the ED who had agricultural operations there. There were 
approximately 20,751 ED's in Group I for the 1959 Census. 

Group II Enumeration Districts. — Sural ED's in which the 
number of dwellings was large in relation to the number of 
farms were considered to be in Group II. For each ED, in 
Group II, the enumerator was required to list the head of the 
household for all dwellings in the ED except for those on less 
than one acre of ground in built-up residential areas of 50 or 
more dwellings. He was also required to determine, by obser- 
vation or local Inquiry, whether there were any farms or other 
places with agricultural operations in the built-up areas and, 
if so, to obtain an agriculture questionnaire. There were 
approximately 7,979 ED's in Group II. 

Group III Enumeration Districts. — Most incorporated places 
and unincorporated villages having approximately 150 or more 
dwellings were designated as separate ED's and are classified 
as Group III. Also, most ED's in counties around large metro- 
politan areas were designated as Group III Ed's. Prior to 
the 1959 Census of Agriculture, places enumerated in these 
areas during the 1954 Census of Agriculture were listed in 
the Enumerator's Record Book. The enumerator was required 
to visit and enumerate or otherwise account for each place listed 
in his Record Book. In addition, he was instructed to ask at 
each of these places if there were any farms or other places with 
agricultural operations in the Enumeration District, and, if so, 
to add them to his list and enumerate them. There were ap- 
proximately 15,836 Group III ED's in 1959. According to the 
1954 Census, these ED's contained 380,575 farms. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised incorporated 
places or that were within an incorporated city were classified 
as Group I or Group II because they had a large number of farms. 
A few others, comprising extensive rural districts requiring con- 
siderable travel, were classified as Group III because they had 
only a small number of farms. 

Enumerator's Record Book. — Each enumerator received one or 
more Record Books containing a listing form for use during 
canvassing. (See appendix for facsimile of one page of list- 
ing form included in Enumerator's Record Book.) The lines 
on the listing form were numbered in consecutive order. Ex- 
cept as otherwise presc-ibed for Group II and Group III ED's, 
the enumerator listed in his Record Book the name of each head 
of household living in his assigned area and also the name 
of each person not living in his area who hat! agricultural opera- 
tions there. As he made his listing, he also asked the questions 
about agricultural operations that were prir ted on the listing 
form. Answers to these questions determined, for the enumerator, 
whether or not an agriculture questionnaire was required for the 
person listed and, if so, whether he or some other enumerator 
was responsible for getting it. Thus, the Record Book served 
as an important aid to the enumerator in securing complete cov- 
erage of all agricultural operations within his area. At the same 



time, it helped to prevent enumeration of the same place by two 
or more enumerators. 

Enumeration Maps. — As a second aid to getting complete cover- 
age, each enumerator received a map or, in a few exceptional 
cases, a brief written description of the area assigned to him 
for enumeration. He was required to plan and follow an orderly 
route of enumeration within the boundaries of his assigned area 
In accordance with established canvassing procedures. As the 
enumerator listed a place in his Record Book, he indicated its 
location by copying onto his map the number of the line on which 
he listed it. This numbering system indicated the enumerator's 
route of travel, and helped both the enumerator and his crew 
leader to determine the extent of coverage of the enumerator's 
assignment at any given time. 

Lists of Special and Large Farms. — Prior to the enumeration, a 
card list of "special and large farms" was prepared on the basis 
of records obtained from the 1954 census and from Federal and 
State agricultural agencies. In general, "special and large farms" 
fell Into one of three categories: (1) farms having unusually 
large acreages, livestock inventories, or annual sales as indi- 
cated by available records; (2) farms known to be specializing 
In such operations as broiler production, turkey growing, feed 
lots, nursery or greenhouse production, cranberry bogs, citrus 
groves, etc.; (3) farms that might easily be overlooked because 
they had absentee operators or were not locally thought of as 
farms, such as institutions, Indian reservations, grazing associa- 
tions, etc. 

Enumerators were given the cards for the special and large 
farms within their assignment areas to use as aids to obtaining 
complete coverage. Generally, the cards provided insurance 
against the omission of farming units that could have a signifi- 
cant effect on the totals for a given county or State. The enu- 
merator was instructed to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each special or large farm in his area or to write an explana- 
tion on the card as to why an agriculture questionnaire was not 
required on the basis of 1959 operations. The crew leader had 
a duplicate set of cards for use in checking enumeration coverage. 

Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire.— As in several previous cen- 
suses, a special landlord-tenant questionnaire was used in some 
parts of the South as a supplement to the agriculture question- 
naire. Its purpose was to help the enumerator get complete 
and accurate coverage of individually operated tracts of land 
that were actually part of one operating unit under the control 
of one landlord. To accomplish this purpose, the enumerator was 
required to fill a landlord-tenant questionnaire for each landlord 
who had any land worked on shares. The entries made in this 
questionnaire included the name of each sharecropper, tenant, or 
renter ; the amount of land assigned to each ; and the acreage and 
quantity of crops harvested on shares. By checking these entries 
against the agriculture questionnaires obtained for the individual 
operators, the enumerator and the Central Office could verify that 
each part of the operating unit controlled by the landlord was 
enumerated and that it was enumerated only once. The landlord- 
tenant questionnaire was used in 386 counties in the 1959 census 
as compared with approximately 900 counties in 1954. 

Township Sketch Map. — In some areas of the Great Plains, a 
considerable portion of land is farmed by nonresident operators — 
that is, by persons who do not live on the land they operate or 
who live on it only during part of the year. Enumerators in these 
areas used a special mapping form, the Township Sketch, in 
addition to their enumeration maps as an aid to obtaining com- 
plete coverage. Each township included on the sketch was 
identified by township and range number and was divided into 
144 small squares. In a standard section of 640 acres, each 
square represented a quarter section of land, or 160 acres. As 
the enumerator canvassed his assignment area, he indicated the 
acreage and location of each farm, ranch, and tract of nonfarm 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



land by drawing its boundaries on the sketch. He also used a 
simple numbering system as a cross reference between the agri- 
cultural land identified on the sketch and the questionnaire on 
which it was reported. The Township Sketch was used in all 
counties of North Dakota and South Dakota and in selected 
counties of Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 

Field Review of Enumerator's Work. — In the 1959 census, 
greater emphasis was placed on a detailed review of enumerators' 
work during enumeration than had been the case in previous 
censuses. The objective was to detect and correct enumeration 
errors as early as possible in order to achieve and maintain a 
high quality of individual performance. Starting on the first day 
of enumeration and continuing throughout the enumeration 
period, each crew leader was instructed to make regular and 
frequent visits to his enumerators. At each visit, he was to 
follow a clearly defined procedure for observing the enumerator's 
conduct of interviews and for checking his listings, maps, ques- 
tionnaires, and other forms for accuracy and completeness. 

As an aid to checking coverage and enumerator efficiency, the 
crew leader was given a list containing estimates, based on the 
1954 census, of the number of questionnaires required in each 
enumeration assignment area within his district, and of the 
mileage and time required to obtain those questionnaires. 

SAMPLING 

Use of Sampling. — In the 1959 census, as in several previous 
censuses, sampling was used in two ways : for enumeration and 
for tabulation. Sampling in enumeration consisted of the col- 
lection of information about the items included in sections IX 
through XV of the questionnaire for only a sample of farms. 
The "sample" items relate to sales of dairy products and sales of 
livestock, use of fertilizer and lime, farm expenditures, land-use 
practices, farm labor, equipment and facilities, rental agreements, 
farm values, and farm mortgage debt. The same sample of farms 
was used f^r tabulations by type of farm and by economic class 
of farm and for many of those by size of farm and by color and 
tenure of operator. 

Description of the Sample. — The sample used for the 1959 Census 
of Agriculture consisted of all farms with a total area of 1,000 
or more acres or with estimated sales of $100,000 or more in 1959, 
and approximately 20 percent of all other farms. Farms with 
1,000 or more acres were universally included in the sample 
during enumeration. As the enumerator filled the questionnaire, 
he determined the number of "acres in this place" (see question 7 
of the agriculture questionnaire). If the acreage amounted to 
1,000 or more he was required to fill sections IX through XV of 
the questionnaire. Farms with less than 1,000 acres, with esti- 
mated sales of $100,000 or more, were included in the sample 
during the office processing. For these farms the information for 
sections IX through XV was obtained by mail. 

The selection of farms of less than 1,000 acres for inclusion In 
the sample was made during enumeration, according to the fol- 
lowing procedure: As the enumerator determined that he was 
required to obtain a questionnaire, he assigned a number to It, 
whether or not he was able to obtain the questionnaire on his 
first visit. He assigned numbers in consecutive order, beginning 
with "1" for the first questionnaire required In each enumera- 
tion district within his area. He was instructed to fill sections 
IX through XV on all questionnaires for which the assigned 
number ended in "2" or "7" (I.e. 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, etc.). 

Adjustment of the Sample. — An adjustment in the part of the 
sample that was comprised of farms of less than 1,000 acres and 
with estimated sales of less than $100,000 was made by a process 
essentially equivalent to stratifying the farms in the sample by 



size of farm. The purpose of this adjustment was to improve 
the reliability of the estimates based on the sample and to reduce 
the effects of possible biases introduced by enumerators who de- 
viated from the prescribed procedure for selecting the sample 
farms. The adjustment procedure was carried out for "blocks" 
of counties, each consisting of from one to ten counties in a State. 
To adjust the sample, separate counts were made for each county, 
and for the block of counties of all farms and of farms in the 
sample for each of 10 size-of-farm groups based on the "acres 
in this place" (question 7). The 10 size-of-farm groups were as 
follows : under 10 acres, 10 to 49 acres, 50 to 69 acres, 70 to 99 
acres, 100 to 139 acres, 140 to 179 acres, 180 to 219 acres, 220 
to 259 acres, 260 to 499 acres, and 500 to 999 acres. Farms of less 
than 1,000 acres, but with value of sales of $100,000 or more, 
were excluded from these counts. For each size-of-farm group, 
the number of farms in the sample for the block of counties was 
adjusted to make it equal or approximately equal to the total 
number of farms divided by five. This was accomplished for 
each group by the elimination or duplication on a random basis, 
of farms in those counties where the difference between the 
actual proportion in the sample and the expected 20 percent was 
in the same direction as the difference for the block of counties. 
Estimation of Totals for the Sample. — For the items included 
in the sample part of the questionnaire (sections IX through 
XV), estimated totals for all farms were derived from the tabu- 
lated totals for the farms in the adjusted sample. First, item-by- 
item totals, as tabulated for that part of the sample comprising 
farms of less than 1,000 acres and with estimated sales of less 
than $100,000, were multiplied by 5. These estimated item-by- 
item totals were then added to the corresponding item totals, as 
tabulated, for all farms of 1,000 acres and over and farms with 
estimated sales of $100,000 and over. The resulting values 
represent the estimated totals for all farms. 

Presentation of Sample Data.— In tables where a small amount 
of data based on the sample farms i s presented together with 
data for all farms, the data based on the sample are printed in 
italics. Other tables contain headnotes explaining that most 
of the data are estimates based on reports for only a sample 
of farms. 

Reliability of Estimates.— The estimated totals for all farms of 
the items enumerated for only the sample farms are subject 
to sampling errors. The estimated totals obtained by making 
tabulations for only the farms included in the sample are also 
subject to sampling errors. State tables 23 and 24 contain ap- 
proximate measures of the sampling reliability of the estimates 
for numbers of farms reporting and for item totals. While these 
measures indicate the general level of sampling reliability of the 
estimates, they do not completely reflect errors arising from 
sources other than sampling ; for example, errors in the original 
data reported by farmers. Errors arising from sources other than 
sampling may, in some instances, be relatively more important 
than sampling variation, especially for county totals. 

The general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals 
may be determined from the data in State tables 23 and 24. State 
table 24 contains a list of items, together with a figure for each 
Item indicating one of the four levels of sampling reliability that 
are presented in State table 23. For each item the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be de- 
termined from State table 23, in the column for the level of 
sampling reliability designated in State table 24. To determine 
the sampling reliability for any item, reference must be made to 
State table 24 to find out which of the four levels of sampling 
reliability given in State table 23 should be used, and also the 
appropriate county or State table to obtain the number of farms 
reporting the item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



As explained in State table 23, the level of sampling reliability 
designated as level 1 should always be used to determine the 
sampling reliability of estimated numbers of farms or of farms 
reporting. 

State table 23 shows percentage limits such that chances are 
about 68 out of 100 that the difference between an estimate based 
on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained from 
a tabulation of all farms would be no more than the percentage 
specified for the estimated number of farms reporting that item. 
The chances are about 99 out of 100 that the difference would be 
less than 2V 2 times the percentage specified. 

As indicated by the percentages in State table 23, the smaller 
the number of farms reporting a given item, the larger the relative 
sampling error in the estimated total for that item. Even so, 
considerable detail is presented for each item, by several classifi- 
cations of farms, in order to permit the appraisal of estimates 
for various combinations of items not shown in this report. Per- 
centages and averages that may be derived from the tables will 
generally have greater relative reliability than the corresponding 
estimated totals. However, significant patterns of relationships 
may be observed in the estimated totals even though the indi- 
vidual data are subject to relatively large sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample of farms 
for the 1954 census were obtained in essentially the same way as 
in 1959. Therefore, State tables 23 and 24 may also be used to 
determine the sampling errors for the 1954 data. 

Differences in Data Resulting From Differences in Tabulating 
Procedures. — Many of the figures in the detailed State tables rep- 
resent estimates obtained by tabulating only the sample farms. 
The totals for these detailed distributions will generally differ 
somewhat from totals presented in other tables obtained from 
different distributions which were tabulated on a 100 percent 
basis. Moreover, although most of the figures presented by coun- 
ties were obtained from tabulations of all farms, the data in 
county table 4 for commercial farms, and all of the data in the 
county tables on dairy products and livestock sold, fertilizer and 
lime, farm expenditures, land-use practices, farm labor, facilities 
and equipment, and value of land and buildings were estimated 
for each county on the basis of data tabulated for the farms in 
the sample. The State totals in the county tables for these items, 
though based also on the sample, were obtained in a different 
series of tabulating runs, and so may differ slightly from totals 
presented in some State tables. For reasons of economy the 
sample distributions were not adjusted to the 100 percent totals 
even when such totals were available, nor were slight discrepan- 
cies resulting from different runs of the sample data always rec- 
onciled unless the differences were large enough to affect the 
usefulness or reliability of the data. 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of Enumeration. — A3 an enumerator completed his 
assignment, he turned the portfolio containing questionnaires and 
other census materials over to his crew leader. After making 
a final review of the enumerator's work, the crew leader mailed 
the portfolio to the Agriculture Processing Office at Parsons, 
Kansas. There, each enumerator portfolio was thoroughly 
checked for completeness of all required forms and for correct 
application of the sampling procedure. 

Editing of Questionnaires. — Each agriculture questionnaire was 
individually edited and coded before the information was trans- 
ferred to punch cards and tabulated. As the first major step In 
the editing process, questionnaires that did not represent farms 
according to the census definition were withdrawn from fur- 



ther processing. (See p. XIV.) As the second major step, the 
remaining questionnaires were examined for errors, omissions, 
and inconsistencies. Among the specific items subjected to con- 
sistency checks were the following : 

a. Total acreage compared with its distribution by use. 

b. Acreage of individual crops harvested compared with total 
cropland harvested. 

c. Irrigated acreage compared with total acres in the farm. 

d. Total acreage of individual crops for all purposes compared 
with the acreage harvested for specific purposes. 

e. Quantity of crops harvested in relation to acreage harvested. 

f. Sales in relation to production and, for livestock, to inven- 
tories. 

g. Total livestock compared with the inventory by age and sex. 
h. Expenditures compared with production and inventories. 

Obvious errors in calculations or in units of measure, and 
misplaced entries were corrected as they were found. Entries 
not clearly legible were rewritten. Many omissions or incon- 
sistencies were disregarded during editing. Those of significant 
magnitude could be and were handled more efficiently and eco- 
nomically during mechanical processing operations. Question- 
naires containing major inconsistencies and omissions were re- 
ferred to members of the technical staff for review. Depending 
on the magnitude of the data involved, the technical staff cor- 
rected (or supervised the correction of) the questionnaires either 
on the basis of information reported for other farms of similar 
type in the area or on the basis of additional information re- 
ceived in response to letters directed to the farm operators. 

Coding of Questionnaires. — Most of the numerical information 
«n a questionnaire was self-coding in that the inquiry number 
was utilized for the item identification on punch cards or on 
tabulations runs. However, some manual coding was also neces- 
sary for such items as irrigated crops for selected States, crops 
infrequently reported, miscellaneous poultry, etc. Code numbers 
were entered on questionnaires to classify farms and, in some 
cases, to identify data for individual items. All farms were coded 
by size of farm in terms of total acreage, by race, and by tenure 
of operator. Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, and 
Hawaii were also coded on the basis of irrigated cropland and 
irrigated pasture. Additional codes were applied to all farms 
included in the sample to classify them by type of farm and by 
total value of agricultural products sold. Individual items were 
coded only where reports were received for crops or poultry not 
covered by separate inquiries on the questionnaire. This coding 
was necessary to assure inclusion of the data in the appropriate 
farm product totals. 

Tabulation of Data. — After the questionnaires were edited and 
coded, the information on them was punched on cards. The cards 
were then mechanically sorted and fed into machines which 
transferred the data to tabulation sheets. One of the initial 
and primary steps in the machine handling of the punch cards 
was to separate and list those cards which lacked necessary in- 
formation, those which contained inconsistent or impossible data, 
and those on which the data were possible but of such magnitude 
that a further review of the individual questionnaires was war- 
ranted. The listing sheets were examined and, as necessary, the 
cards were corrected. When the cards for a particular county 
were considered satisfactory, the data were tabulated. 

Subject-matter specialists of the Bureau and the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture examined all tabulations for reasonableness 
and consistency. As necessary, they made corrections on the basis 
of a further review and reappraisal of the original reports and 
verification of the editing, coding, and punching. 



xrv 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical Content of This Report. — This report is part of Vol- 
ume I of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. Volume I consists of 
54 parts, each part containing information about agriculture for 
a single State, Commonwealth, or Possession. Each part con- 
tains county data for that particular State or area. The term 
"county," as used in this report embraces election districts in 
Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, munieipios (municipalities) in 
Puerto Rico, etc. The statistics for 1959 were obtained from the 
Census of Agriculture taken in the "conterminous United States" 
(see following paragraph), Hawaii, and Puerto Rico during the 
period October 1959 to January 1960 and in Alaska, American 
Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands as of April 1, 1960. Compara- 
tive data for years prior to 1959 were obtained from earlier 
censuses. 

In the planning of the publications for the 1960 Censuses of 
Population and Housing and the 1959 Census of Agriculture, the 
term "conterminous United States," recommended by the Board 
of Geographic Names to designate the 48-State area as it ex- 
isted before Alaska and Hawaii became States, was adopted by 
the Bureau of the Census. 

The definitions and explanations in this introduction for vol- 
ume I generally have application broad enough to include the 
States of Alaska and Hawaii, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico and the island possessions. However, specific application 
in many instances may be limited to the conterminous United 
States ; for example, references to earlier censuses, to the sam- 
pling methods and procedures, to specific sections or questions on 
the questionnaires, and to specific table numbers. 

For each part of volume I (one part for each State or area), 
a facsimile of the appropriate questionnaire is reproduced in 
the appendix. 

The statistics for States and counties are presented according 
to the same general plan as was followed in the volume I re- 
ports for the 1954 and the 1950 censuses. State and county totals 
are given for nearly all items for which information was ob- 
tained in the 1959 census. However, most of the data by eco- 
nomic class of farm, type of farm, and color and tenure of farm 
operator are given only for States. 

Comparative data for the States are given for each census 
year beginning with 1920. Comparative data for counties are 
given for the years 1959 and 1954. For some items, the data 
obtained from the 1959 census are the only ones available. For 
comparative purposes 1950 data are carried in county table 6 
for the kind of road on which farms were located. 

Comparability of Data. — The data obtained from the various 
censuses of agriculture are not strictly comparable for all items. 
For example, differences from one census to another in the time 
of enumeration, the wording of the questions, and the definition 
of a farm cause some lack of comparability. Differences con- 
sidered to have a significant effect on the comparability of data 
are described in the text and/or mentioned in footnotes to the 
tables. 

Minor Civil Divisions. — As in prior censuses, data for most of 
the items included in the 1959 Census of Agriculture were tabu- 
lated for minor civil divisions. The term "minor civil division" 
applies to the primary subdivision of a county into smaller geo- 
graphic areas such as townships, precincts, districts, wards, 
beats, municipalities, etc. Figures for these smaller geographic 
areas are not included in any of the published reports, but they 
may be supplied upon request and payment of the costs of com- 
piling and checking the data. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration assignment did not 
include more than one minor civil division, even in cases where 
the township, precinct, etc., did not have enough farms to provide 
a full workload for an enumerator. In 1954, and again in 1959, 



the aim was to make enumeration assignments large enough to 
keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 3- to 4-week 
period. Hence, in some areas, two or more adjoining minor civil 
divisions were combined into one enumeration assignment An 
enumeration assignment never comprised the whole of one minor 
civil division and a part of another, nor a part of two or more 
minor civil divisions. A minor civil division that included too 
many farms for one enumerator to cover during the enumeration 
period was divided into two or more enumeration assignments. 

In some cases, the minor civil division tabulations provide totals 
for a single minor civil division, even when such totals required 
a grouping of enumeration assignments. In other cases, the minor 
civil division tabulations provide totals for a combination of 
two or more adjoining minor civil divisions. The data for each 
individual minor civil division included in such totals can be tab- 
ulated separately, however, since each questionnaire obtained in 
the census contains the designation of the minor civil division in 
which the farm headquarters was located. An additional charge 
must be made for a separate tabulation of any small area in- 
cluded in a total for two or more combined minor civil divisions. 

Requests for census information for minor civil divisions should 
be directed to the Agriculture Division, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D.C. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive Summary and References. — The definitions and ex- 
planations that follow relate only to those items that are con- 
sidered to be inadequately described in the tables where they 
appear. Although the descriptive terms and explanations refer 
specifically to the 1959 Census of Agriculture, many of them also 
apply to earlier censuses. Most of the definitions consist of a 
resume' of the questionnaire wording, supplemented by excerpts 
from instructions given to enumerators. For exact wording of 
the questions and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, see the facsimile of the 1959 Agriculture Questionnaire in 
the appendix of this report. 

An analysis of the questions asked in the 1959 census, and of 
the data obtained, is given in Volume II, General Report, Statis- 
tics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. The 
general report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Census Definition of a Farm. — For the 1959 Census of Agricul- 
ture, the definition of a farm was based primarily on a combina- 
tion of "acres in the place" and the estimated value of agricultural 
products sold. 

The word "place" was defined to include all land on which 
agricultural operations were conducted at any time in 1959 under 
the control or supervision of one person or partnership. (For 
definition of "agricultural operations", see p. X.) Control may 
have been exercised through ownership or management, or 
through a lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

Places of less than 10 acres in 1959 were counted as farms if 
the estimated sales of agricultural products for the year amounted 
to at least $250. Places of 10 or more acres in 1959 were counted 
as farms if the estimated sales of agricultural products for the 
year amounted to at least $50. Places having less than the $50 
or $250 minimum estimated sales in 1959 were also counted as 
farms if they could normally be expected to produce agricultural 
products in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of the 
definition. This additional qualification resulted in the inclusion 
as farms of some places engaged in farming operations for the 
first time in 1959 and places affected by crop failure or other 
unusual conditions. 

To avoid biases arising from an enumerator's personal judg- 
ment and opinion, the Bureau did not give enumerators the defini- 



INTRODUCTION 



XV 



tion of a farm. Instead, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
questionnaires for all places considered farms by their operators 
and for all other places that had one or more agricultural opera- 
tions. (See "Agricultural Operations", p. X.) In 1954, enumer- 
ators were instructed to nil questionnaires on the same basis as 
in 1959. In 1950, agricultural operations were defined to include 
every place of 3 or more acres, whether or not the operator con- 
sidered it a farm, and every place having "specialized operations", 
regardless of the acreage. "Specialized operations" referred to 
nurseries and greenhouses and to places having 100 or more 
poultry, production of 300 or more dozen eggs in 1949, or 3 or 
more hives of bees. In all of the three last censuses, as a result, 
questionnaires were filled for a considerable number of places 
that did not qualify as farms. The determination as to which 
questionnaires represented farms was made during office process- 
ing operations and only those questionnaires meeting the criteria 
for a farm were included in the tabulations. 

For both the 1950 and 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, places of 
3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of 
agricultural products, whether for home use or for sale but ex- 
clusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only if the 
annual sales of agricultural products amounted to $150 or more. 
A few places with very low agricultural production because of 
unusual circumstances, such as crop failure, were also counted as 
farms if they normally could have been expected to meet the 
minimum value or sales criteria. 

In the censuses from 1925 to 1945, enumerators were given a 
definition of "farm" and were instructed to obtain reports only 
for those places which met the criteria. According to this defini- 
tion, farms included all places of 3 or more acres, regardless of 
the quantity or value of agricultural production, and places of 
less than 3 acres if the value of agricultural products, whether 
for home use or for sale, amounted to $250 or more. Because of 
changes in price level, the $250 minimum resulted in the in- 
clusion of varying numbers of farms of less than 3 acres in the 
several censuses taken during this period. Generally, the only 
reports excluded from tabulation were those taken in error and 
those showing very limited agricultural production, such as only 
a small home garden, a few fruit trees, a small flock of chickens, 
etc. In 1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more were tabulated 
only if at least 3 acres were in cropland and/or pasture or if the 
value of products in 1944 amounted to at least $150. 

The decrease in the number of farms in 1950 and 1954, as com- 
pared with earlier censuses, was partly due to the change in 
farm definition, especially with respect to farms of 3 or more 
acres in size. Some of the places of 3 or more acres that were 
not counted as farms in 1950 and 1954 because the value of their 
agricultural production was less than $150 would have qualified 
as farms if the criteria had been the same as in earlier censuses. 

For 1959, the decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with all prior censuses resulted partly from the change in farm 
definition. The fact that sales of agricultural products in 1959 
was used resulted in the exclusion of some places that would 
have qualified as farms had the value of agricultural products 
alone been considered. The increase in the acreage minimum 
also had an effect. The reduction in the number of farms due 
to change in definition, 1954 to 1959, is shown for each county 
In county table 1. Some characteristics of the places not counted 
as farms in 1959, but which would have been included in 1954, 
are shown in State table 10. 

The change in farm definition made in 1950 and again in 1959 
had no appreciable effect on the totals for livestock or crops 
because the places affected by the change ordinarily accounted 
for less than 1 percent of the totals for a given county or State. 

For the States that comprise the conterminous United States, 
two figures are published for each county on the number of farms 



in 1959. One is an actual count of all farms and the other is an 
estimate based on the number of farms included in the sample. 
For almost every county there is a difference between the actual 
number of farms and the estimated number of farms. Because 
of sampling procedure and sampling variability, the number of 
farms in the sample seldom agrees exactly with the actual num- 
ber of farms. For most counties, the actual number of farms 
in the sample was either more or less than precisely 20 percent 
of all farms. Similarly, totals estimated on the basis of data 
for the sample farms may be slightly more or slightly less than 
the actual totals that would have been obtained had the data 
been tabulated for all farms. Therefore, the estimated number 
of farms reporting certain items may, in some instances, be 
greater than the total number of farms shown in county table 1. 
However, the estimated number of farms is given in county 
tables 5 and 6 so that estimates based on the sample farms may 
be related to the estimated rather than the actual number of 
farms. 

Farm Operator. — The term "farm operator" is used to designate 
a person who operates a farm, either doing the work himself or 
directly supervising the work. He may be the owner, a member of 
the owner's household, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land worked on 
shares by others, he is considered as operator only of the land 
which he retains for his own operation. In the case of a partner- 
ship, only one partner is counted as an operator. The number of 
farm operators is considered to be the same as the number of 
farms. 

Farms Reporting or Operators Reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or operators, for which the speci- 
fied item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 farms 
in a county and only 1,465 had chickens 4 months old and over 
on hand at the time of enumeration, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be shown as 1,465. The difference be- 
tween the total number of farms and the number of farms re- 
porting a particular item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided a correct report was received for all 
farms. 

Where applicable, figures may be given for the number of farms 
or operators not reporting items that were intended to be ob- 
tained for all farms; for example, residence of farm operator, 
State table 4. The number not reporting, as compared with the 
total number of farms or operators, indicates the extent of 
incompleteness of the reporting of the data for the item. 

Land Area. — The approximate total land area of States and 
counties as reported for 1959 is, in general, the same as that re- 
ported for all censuses beginning with 1940. Such differences as 
are shown reflect political changes in boundaries or actual changes 
in land area caused by changes in the number or size of reser- 
voirs, lakes, streams, etc. For Alaska, the areas for election 
districts represent the gross area of land and water. 

Land in Farms. — Except for managed farms, the land to be in- 
cluded in each farm was determined from the answers to ques- 
tions about the number of acres owned, the number of acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and the number of 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres 
owned and the acres rented from others or worked on shares for 
others were first added together and then the acres rented to 
others or worked on shares by others were subtracted. The re- 
sult represented the number of acres in the farm. The number of 
acres in a managed farm was the difference between the total 
land managed and that part of the managed land that was rented 
to others or worked on shares by others. 

In the 1959, 1954, and 1950 censuses, enumerators were in- 
structed to record total figures for land owned, land rented from 
others, and land managed for others, including any part of the 
land that was rented to others. In censuses prior to 1950, enu- 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



merators were instructed to exclude all land rented to others and 
to record only that portion of the acreage owned, rented from 
others, or managed for others that was retained by the farm op- 
erator. Thus, the figures for the individual tenures of land are 
not entirely comparable for all censuses. However, the land In- 
cluded in each farm was determined on essentially the same basis 
for all censuses. 

The acreage designated in the tables as "land in farms" consists 
primarily of "agricultural" land— that Is, land used for crops 
and pasture or grazing. It also includes considerable areas of 
land not actually under cultivation nor used for pasture or graz- 
ing. For example, the entire acreage of woodland and wasteland 
owned or rented by farm operators is included as land in farms, 
unless it was being held for nonagricultural purposes or unless 
the acreage was unusually large. For 1959 and 1954, if a place 
had 1,000 or more acres of woodland not pastured and wasteland, 
and if less than 10 percent of the total acreage in the place was 
used for agricultural purposes, the acreage of woodland not pas- 
tured and wasteland was reduced to equal the acreage used for 
agriculture. The procedure used in 1950 for excluding unusually 
large acreages of woodland not pastured and wasteland differed 
slightly from the one used in 1959 and 1954. In 1950, adjustments 
were made in places of 1,000 or more acres (5,000 or more in the 
17 Western States) , If less than 10 percent of the total acreage was 
used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under government 
pe-mit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms 
provided the place of which it was a part was a farm. Grazing 
land operated by Grazing Associations was to be reported in the 
name of the person chiefly responsible for conducting the business 
of the Association. Land used rent free was to be reported as 
land rented from others. All land in Indian reservations that 
was used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be in- 
cluded. Land in Indian reservations that was not reported by 
individual Indians and that was not rented to non-Indians was 
to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the 
land. In some instances, en entire Indian reservation was re- 
ported as one farm. 

Land owned. — All land that the operator and/or his wife 
held under title, purchase contract, homestead law, or as heir 
or trustee of an undivided estate at the time of enumeration is 
considered as owned. 

Land Rented from Others. — This item includes not only land 
that the operator rented or leased from others but also land 
he worked on shares for others and land he occupied rent free. 
Grazing land used under government permit or license is not 
Included. 

Land Rented to Others. — This item includes all land rented or 
leased to others, except land leased to the government under the 
Soil Bank, and all land worked by others on shares or on a 
rent-free basis. For the most part, the land rented to others 
represents agricultural land but it also includes land rented 
for residential or other purposes. The tenant or sharecropper 
is considered as the operator of land leased, rented, or worked 
on shares even though his landlord may supervise his opera- 
tions. The landlord is considered as operator of only that por- 
tion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land Managed.— This item Includes all tracts of land man- 
aged for one or more employers by a person hired on a salary 
basis. A hired manager was considered to be the operator of 
the land he managed since he was responsible for the agricul- 
tural operations on that land and frequently supervised others 
in performing those operations. Managed land was always to 
be reported on a separate questionnaire whether or not the 
manager also operated a farm on his own account. 

Land in Two or More Counties. — An individual farm was al- 
ways enumerated in only one county, even in eases where the 
land was located in two or more counties. If the farm operator 
lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated in the county where 
he lived. If he did not live on the farm, the figures for the 
farm were tabulated for the county where the farm head- 
quarters was located. In cases where there was any question as 
to the location of the headquarters, figures for the farm were 
tabulated for the county where most of the land was located. 



Land in Farms According to TTse. — Land in farms has been 
distributed according to the way in which it was used in 1959. 
The land uses described in the following paragraphs are mutually 
exclusive; that is, each acre of land is included only once even 
though it may have had more than one use during the year. 

Cropland Harvested. — This category refers to all land from 
which any crops were harvested in 1959, whether for home use 
or for sale. It includes land from which hay (including wild 
hay) was cut and land in berries and other small fruits, or- 
chards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Matured crops 
hogged off or grazed were considered to have been "crops har- 
vested'' and were reported here. Land from which two or 
more crops were harvested in 1959 was to be counted only once 
in the land-use classification. Land used for other purposes 
either before or after the crops were harvested was to be re- 
ported as cropland harvested, without regard to the other uses. 

The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the 
individual crops and subtracting the acreages from which two 
or more crops were harvested. This checking procedure was 
repeated during the office processing of questionnaires for all 
farms having 100 or more acres of cropland harvested. 

Cropland used only for Pasture. — This land-use classification 
includes rotation pasture and all other land used only for pas- 
ture or grazing that the operator considered could have been 
used for crops without additional improvement. Enumerators 
were instructed to include land planted to crops that were 
hogged off, pastured, or grazed before maturity but to exclude 
land pastured before or after hay or other crops were harvested 
from it. Permanent open pasture may have been reported 
either for this item or for "other pasture" depending on whether 
or not the operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last three censuses. For 1945, 
the figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for 1940, 1935, and 1925 are more nearly comparable 
with those for 1959, 1954, and 1950, however, because they in- 
clude land pastured that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or Irrigating. 

Cropland not Harvested and not Pastured. — This classification 
represents a total of three subclasses for the 17 Western States 
and two subclasses for other States. 

Cultivated Summer Fallow. — This subclass of land is shown 
only for the 17 Western States. It refers to cropland that 
was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for the 1959 
harvest in order to control weeds and conserve moisture. 

Soil Improvement Grasses and Legumes. — For the 1959 cen- 
sus, land used only for cover crops to control erosion or to 
be plowed under for green manure is tabulated separately 
from "other cropland". After the establishment of the Soil 
Bank, land that would normally have been used for other 
purposes was frequently planted to soil-improvement crops. 
In counties where large acreages were placed in the Soil 
Bank, the total of land used for soil-improvement crops plus 
"other cropland" may be considerably larger than the "other 
cropland" shown for previous censuses. 

Other Cropland. — This subclass includes idle cropland, land 
in crops intended for harvest after 1959, and cropland not 
harvested because of complete crop failure, low prices, labor 
shortage, or other reasons. The 1959 figures for "other 
cropland" are not entirely comparable with those for previ- 
ous censuses since they do not include land used only for 
soil-improvement crops. (See preceding paragraph.) 

Woodland Pastured. — This classification includes all wood- 
land where livestock were pastured or grazed in 1959. The 
instruction on the questionnaire — "Include as woodland all 
wood lots and timber tracts ; cutover and deforested land 
which has value for wood products and has not been improved 
for pasture" — represents a somewhat more precise definition 
than the corresponding instruction contained on the 1954 ques- 
tionnaire'. No definition of woodland was given in 1950 apart 
from an Instruction to enumerators not to include brush pas- 
ture as woodland. Some of the changes in woodland acreages 
from one census to another may merely represent differences 
in interpretation as to what constitutes "woodland." 

Woodland not Pastured.— This classification refers to all 
woodland not used for pasture or grazing in 1959, including 
land in operated farms that was placed in the Soil Bank and 
planted to trees. Unusually large tracts of timberland that 
were reported as woodland not pastured were excluded from 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



the tabulation of land in farms when it was evident that such 
land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 

Other Pasture. — This classification refers to all land other 
than woodland and cropland that was used only for pasture 
or grazing in 1959. It includes noncrop open or brush pasture 
and cutover or deforested land that has been improved and 
used for pasture. The figures for the last three censuses are 
comparable but those for 1945 include all nonwoodland pas- 
ture that had not been plowed during the preceding seven 
years. For the 1940 census and earlier years, the figures are 
more nearly comparable with those for the last three censuses. 
However, the classification may be somewhat less inclusive 
because land that could have been plowed and used for crops 
without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was classi- 
fied as plowable pasture and included with "cropland used 
only for pasture". 

Improved Pasture. — This subclass refers to that portion of 
"other pasture" on which one or more of the following prac- 
tices had been used : liming, fertilizing, seeding, irrigating, 
draining, or the clearing of weed or brush growth. The fig- 
ures are comparable with those for 1954, when the question 
on improved pasture was asked for the first time. 

Other Land. — This classification refers to all land not in- 
cluded in the preceding land-use classifications, such as house 
lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, land area of ponds, and 
wasteland. This figure for 1959 was obtained from the ma- 
chine tabulations by subtracting the total of all other uses 
from the total land in all farms reported for a given county 
or classification. Hence, there is no figure given to represent 
the farms reporting this item. 

Value of Land and Buildings. — Only average values of land 
and buildings per farm and per acre are presented in this report. 
They are estimates based on data obtained for sample farms. 
Estimates of the total value of land and buildings by States, 
geographic divisions, and the United States, are presented in 
volume II. 

The enumerator was instructed to record the market value of 
the land and the buildings on that land. Market value was defined 
as the price which the farm operator would expect to receive for 
the land and buildings if he were to sell them on the day of 
enumeration. 

More problems and difficulties arise in the enumeration of farm- 
real-estate values than in the enumeration of most other agri- 
cultural items. Most of the items enumerated require the re- 
spondent to make a statement of fact. For example, information 
about the number and value of farm animals sold alive during the 
year is based on actual transactions. Similarly, information about 
livestock inventories relates to the situation existing on a spe- 
cific place at a specific time. Reports concerning the value of 
land and buildings, however, are estimates based almost entirely 
on opinion. The majority of farms have not changed hands for 
many years and are not currently for sale. For such farms, the 
operators are not likely to have any clear basis for estimating the 
value. To make an intelligent and objective estimate, a respond- 
ent first needs to make an estimate of the prevailing average 
market value of farms in his community. Then, he must either 
add to or subtract from that estimate to allow for the different 
characteristics of his own farm. In many cases, an operator who 
would not sell his farm under any circumstances may report an 
unreasonably high market value. In other cases, a farm operator 
who acquired his real estate during a period of relatively low 
prices may estimate an unrealistlcally low value by current stand- 
ards. Because of the extent of variation that is known to exist 
In real estate values, it is difficult to devise checking procedures 
that will identify inaccurate estimates. 

Age of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was derived 
from the sum of the ages of all farm operators reporting age 
divided by the number reporting. The number of farm operators 
65 or more years of age is an actual count based on the operators 
reporting age. 



Residence of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by resi- 
dence according to whether or not they lived on the farms they 
were operating. Some of those who did not live on the farms 
they operated themselves lived on farms operated by others. In 
cases where all the land was rented from others or worked on 
shares for others, the operator was considered to live on the farm 
operated provided the dwelling he occupied was included in the 
rental agreement. The dwelling, in such cases, was not neces- 
sarily on the land being operated. Similarly, a farm operator 
who did not live on the land being cultivated or grazed but who 
had some agricultural operations (other than a home garden) 
at his dwelling was considered as living on the farm operated. 

Since some farm operators live on their farms only during 
a part of the year, comparability of the figures for various cen- 
suses may be affected by the date of enumeration. 

In a few eases, the enumerator failed to report the residence of 
the farm operator. Differences between the total number of 
farms and the number of farm operators classified by residence 
indicate the extent of under-reporting. 

Tear Began Operating Present Farm. — Enumerators were in- 
structed to report the year during which a farm operator began 
to operate his present farm and, if the year was 1958 or later, 
also to report the month. The year was intended to refer to the 
first year of the period during which the operator had been in 
continuous charge of his present farm or of any part of it. The 
time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began operating their farms, as shown by a monthly breakdown 
of the reports for farmers who began operating their present 
farms during 1958 and 1959. 

Off-Farm Work and Other Income.— To obtain a measure of the 
extent to which farm operators rely on nonfarm sources for part 
of their income, four questions were asked of all farm operators. 
The first question asked for the number of days the operator 
worked off his farm in 1959. The other three questions, to be 
answered "Yes" or "No," asked (1) whether other members of the 
operator's household did any work off the farm ; (2) whether any 
income was received from sources other than the sale of agri- 
cultural products from the farm operated; and (3) whether the 
combined income of all members of the household from off-farm 
work and other sources was greater than the total value of agri- 
cultural products sold from the farm operated. 

Off-farm work was defined to include work on someone else's 
farm for pay as well as all types of nonfarm jobs, businesses, and 
professions, whether the work was done on the farm premises or 
elsewhere. Exchange work was not included. 

The questions asked in the 1959 Census are closely comparable 
with those asked in 1954. The data for 1959 are actual totals of 
all operators reporting off-farm work and other income whereas 
those for 1954 are estimated totals based on the sample. 

Equipment and Facilities. — In 1959 as in several earlier cen- 
suses, data about specified equipment and facilities were obtained 
for only a sample of farms. Farm operators were asked to report 
equipment and facilities that were on the farm at the time of enu- 
meration, regardless of ownership. They were to include items 
that were temporarily out of order but not any that were worn 
out. 

Data in terms of actual number were obtained for the follow- 
ing items of farm equipment in 1959 : (1) grain combines, (2) corn 
pickers, (3) pick-up balers, (4) field forage harvesters, (5) mo- 
tortrucks, (6) wheel tractors, (7) garden tractors, (8) crawler 
tractors, and (9) automobiles. Definitions given enumerators in- 
cluded the following specifications, among others : Corn pickers 
related to all types of machines used for picking corn, whether 
used in separate or in combined picking-shelling operations. 
Pick-up balers were to include both hand-tie and automatic balers 
but not stationary ones. Motortrucks were to include pick-up 
trucks and truck-trailer combinations ; jeeps and station wagons 



XVIII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



were also to be included If they were used primarily as trucks, 
but school buses were specifically excluded. Wheel tractors spe- 
cifically excluded garden tractors, implements with built-in power 
units, such as self-propelled combines or powered buck rakes, and 
the power unit of a truck-trailer combination. Automobiles were 
to include jeeps and station wagons if they were used primarily 
as passenger cars. 

Questions to be answered "Yes" or "No" provided information 
as to the presence or absence of the following items: (1) tele- 
phone, (2) home freezer, (3) milking machine, (4) electric milk 
cooler, (5) bulk-type milk cooler (In six States only — Michigan, 
Minnesota, New Tork, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), 
(6) crop drier and (7) power-operated elevator, conveyor, or 
blower. 

Comparable data from one census to another are not available 
for all items. The questions asked about equipment during a 
given census reflect changes in farm mechanization and in the 
facilities available to farm families. Questions about some items 
of equipment were asked in 1959 for the first time (electric milk 
cooler, crop drier, bulk-type milk cooler, etc.). Similarly, some 
questions that were asked in earlier censuses were omitted in 
1959. For example, the use of electricity is now so widespread 
that there is no longer any need for obtaining a count of the 
farms having it. 

Farms by Kind of Road. — The classification of farms by the kind 
of road on which they are located is based on only a sample of 
farms. The enumerator was instructed to report, on the basis 
of his own observation, the kind of road on which the most 
frequently used entrance to the farm was located. For farms 
consisting of two or more tracts, he was to limit his report to the 
tract on which the farm operator had his dwelling or other 
headquarters. 

Farm Labor. — The questions about farm labor were asked only 
for the sample farms and related to persons working during 
the calendar week preceding the week of enumeration. Since 
the enumeration starting dates varied by geographic areas, and 
the enumeration within each area lasted over a period of several 
weeks, the calendar weeks to which the data apply also vary. 
Thus, the data for an individual farm may relate to any one 
week during the months of October, November, or December, or 
even, in a few instances, to weeks during September 1959 or 
January 1960. 

Farm labor was defined to include any work, chores, or planning 
necessary to the agricultural operations of the farm ; and to ex- 
clude housework, contract construction work, custom machine 
work, and repair, installation, or construction work done by per- 
sons employed specifically for such work. The farm labor in- 
formation contained in this report represents estimates based on 
answers to questions relating to the farm work or chores done 
during the week by (1) operator, (2) unpaid members of the 
operator's family, and (3) hired persons. An operator was 
considered as working if he worked one or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours; and hired persons, if they worked at all during the week. 

Data are not fully comparable from one census to another, 
primarily because of differences in the period to which they relate. 
In 1954, the data were purposely related to either one of two 
calendar weeks, depending in part on the starting date set for 
the enumeration and in part on which week represented a period 
of peak employment within a given State. For the majority of 
States, the period specified was the week of September 26-October 
2 ; for other States, the week of October 24-30. 

In 1950, as in 1959, the data related to the week preceding the 
actual enumeration. Unlike 1959, however, enumeration starting 
dates were identical for all States in 1950 (April 1) but since 
several weeks were required to complete the enumeration, the 
calendar week preceding the enumeration was not identical for 



all farms. In 1945 and 1935, the number of farm workers related 
to the first week in January and, in 1940, to the last week in 
March. In 1945, 1940, and 1935, only persons working the equiv- 
alent of two or more days during the specified week were to be 
included. In 1945 and 1940, an additional specification limited 
the workers to those 14 years old and over. 

Experience gained from earlier censuses indicates that farm 
labor data are often unsatisfactorily reported unless the week 
specified is the week immediately preceding the actual enumer- 
ation. When a farm operator was asked to report the number of 
persons employed during a specified week that was several weeks 
prior to enumeration, he often reported the highest number of 
persons employed during the year. Obviously incorrect reports 
were adjusted to make the data reflect more nearly the situation 
known to exist during the specified week. The farm labor data 
for 1954 relates to a specified week which, in some cases, was sev- 
eral weeks prior to enumeration. Few adjustments were made 
in those data, however, even though there were indications of 
incorrect reporting. 

Regular and Seasonal Workers. — Hired persons working on 
the farm during the week concerned were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year. They were classed as "seasonal" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 
less than 150 days. In cases where the period of employment 
was not reported for an individual farm, it was estimated from 
data for such items as basis of payment, wage rates, expendi- 
tures for labor in 1959, and type of farming operations. 

Hired Workers by Basis of Payment. — Hired persons were 
also classified according to whether they were paid on a 
monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly basis, or by piecework. In 
cases of incomplete reporting, the basis of payment for hired 
workers was supplied during the office processing operations. 

Wage Rates and Hours Worked. — The agreed cash rate of pay 
was asked for each class of hired worker except those em- 
ployed on a piecework basis. (The number and the earnings of 
persons paid on a piecework basis were required for those who 
worked on Friday of the week preceding the enumeration.) 
The number of hours that workers were expected to work to 
earn their pay was asked for each class except those employed 
on an hourly or piecework basis. For 1959 and 1954, the data 
include office estimates for farms submitting incomplete reports 
of wage rates and hours worked. The estimates were consistent 
with the size and type of operations for the individual farm as 
compared with similar farms in the area for which complete 
reports were received. The corresponding data for 1950 apply 
only to farms that reported both wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and Lime. — The questions about fertilizer and lime, 
asked only for the sample farms, relate to the acreage on which 
fertilizer and lime were used and to the quantity used. Farm 
operators were asked to report total quantities used in 1959 on 
the farms they operated regardless of when or by whom the ferti- 
lizer and lime were purchased. In the South, some landlords 
who operated farms themselves included the fertilizer and lime 
they had purchased for use on their tenant-operated land. Such 
fertilizer and lime may also have been reported by the tenants. 
When double reporting was detected during the editing process, 
the data on the questionnaires concerned were adjusted to elim- 
inate duplication in the totals. 

The 1959 data for fertilizer and lime are entirely comparable 
with those for 1954. A breakdown between dry and liquid fer- 
tilizing materials was not obtained in 1954 and data on cost 
of either fertilizer or lime were not obtained in 1959. 

Fertilizer. — The report for fertilizer was to refer only to com- 
mercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials, including rock 
phosphate. The acres fertilized and the tons of fertilizer ap- 
plied to those acres were obtained separately for selected crops. 
The selected crops varied by region so that it was possible to 
obtain detailed data for the crops most commonly fertilized 
in each region. In cases where the same land was used for 
more than one crop, the acres fertilized were to be reported 
separately for each crop. If the same crop was fertilized 
more than once, however, the acres in that crop were to be 
reported only once. In all cases, the total quantity of fer- 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



tilizer used in 1959 was to be reported, including quantities 
used on land occupied by crops planted in 1958 or by crops 
to be harvested in 1960. 

Reports for quantity of fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used were required for both dry and liquid materials. The 
terms "dry" and "liquid" referred to the form in which the 
fertilizers and fertilizing materials were purchased and not 
to the way in which they were applied. Thus, dry fertilizers 
were those purchased in dry or solid form, as powders, dusts, 
granules, pellets, etc. ; liquid fertilizers were those purchased 
in fluid form, as solutions or as liquefied gases. 

Lime. — The data for lime relate to the total acreage limed in 
1959 and the total tonnage of lime and liming materials used 
on those acres for purposes of conditioning the soil. Instruc- 
tions on the questionnaire stated that ground limestone, hy- 
drated and burnt lime, marl, and oyster shells were to be 
included but that lime used for spraying or sanitation purposes 
was to be omitted. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table 
may be less than the tonnage reported for the Agriculture Con- 
servation Program or the Conservation Reserve Program of 
the Soil Bank. Differences may be due either to sampling 
error or to under-reporting by farm operators. Many of the 
differences are minimized or eliminated entirely in the data 
presented on a State or regional basis. 

Specified Farm Expenditures. — The data for farnTexpendltures 
are estimates based on reports obtained from the sample farms. 
The 1959 questionnaire contained questions for six items of farm 
expenditure: (1) purchase of feed for livestock and poultry, 
(2) purchase of livestock and poultry, (3) machine hire, 
(4) hired labor, (5) seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, and (6) gaso- 
line and other petroleum fuel and oil. With the exception of 
items (2) and (5), exactly the same questions were asked in 
1954. For each item specified, the total expenditures made for 
the farm in 1959 were to be reported, whether made by the 
farm operator, his landlord, or both. A farm operator who 
rented part of his land to others was to report only the ex- 
penditures for the land he operated himself. Enumerators were 
instructed to ask respondents who had difficulty estimating 
their expenses for the period between enumeration and the end 
of the year to estimate them on the basis of current costs. 

Peed. — The report on feed purchased for livestock and poultry 
was to include expenditures for grain, hay, millfeeds, pasture, 
salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements as 
well as for the grinding and mixing of feed. The estimated 
cost of items furnished by a landlord, contractor, or other 
owner for feeding poultry and livestock kept on the farm was 
also to be included. Payments made by a tenant to his land- 
lord for feed grown on the tenant farm were to be excluded. 

Livestock and Poultry. — The cost of baby chicks and turkey 
poults was to be included in the expenditures made for the 
purchase of livestock and poultry. Enumerators were in- 
structed to ask the farm operator to include the cost or esti- 
mated purchase value of poultry and livestock provided by 
others and cared for by the operator under a contract feeding 
arrangement. The cost of livestock purchased for resale within 
30 days was not to be included. A short-term transaction of 
that nature was considered to be a dealer operation, not an 
agricultural one. 

Data on the purchase of livestock and poultry were not ob- 
tained in 1954. The instructions for the 1950 census specified 
that expenditures for domestic rabbits, fur-bearing animals 
kept in captivity, and bees were to be included. Any lack of 
comparability in the 1950 and 1959 data resulting from inclu- 
sion or exclusion of rabbits, fur-bearing animals, or bees is 
considered to be so slight as to be insignificant 

Machine Hire. — Expenditures for machine hire relate to cus- 
tom machine work, such as tractor hire, threshing, grain or 
seed combining, silo filling, baling, cotton picking, cotton gin- 
ning, corn picking, plowing, vegetable harvesting, fruit pick- 
ing, spraying, and dusting. Any amount spent for the labor 
included in the cost of machine hire was to be considered as 
part of the total expenditure. The cost of freight or trucking 
and exchange work without pay were to be omitted. 

Hired Labor. — Expenditures for hired labor were to include 
total cash payments made in 1959 to family members and to 
others for farm labor. Payments to persons supplied by a con- 
tractor or a cooperative organization and paid directly by 
them or by the crew boss were also to be included. Payments 



for the following types of work were to be excluded: house- 
work, contract construction work, custom machine work, and 
repair, installation, or construction work done by persons spe- 
cifically employed for such work. 

Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuel and Oil. — Expenditures for 
gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil were to relate only 
to the products used in the farm business. Enumerators were 
instructed to exclude the cost of petroleum products used 
for the family automobile when operated for other than farm 
business purposes and of products used in the farmhouse for 
heating, cooking, and lighting. 

Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, and Trees. — Expenditures were to repre- 
sent the total amount spent for seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 
to be used on the farm operated. The value of seed grown on 
the farm was to be excluded. For nurseries and greenhouses, 
the cost of products purchased for immediate resale was also 
to be excluded. 

This item of expenditure was not included in the 1954 Census. 
The data are comparable with those for 1950, however. 

Crops 

Crops Harvested. — The 1959 agriculture questionnaire was simi- 
lar to the questionnaire used in several previous censuses in 
that it provided for the collection of detailed data for all crops 
harvested on each individual farm. The variation in the crops 
listed on the questionnaires used in different States made pos- 
sible the separate reporting of all important crops grown in a 
given area. All versions of the questionnaire contained several 
"All other crops" questions where crops not specifically listed In 
separate questions were to be reported. 

Acreage of Crops Harvested. — In most instances, the acreage 
reported for individual crops represents the area harvested 
during 1959. The area harvested is often less than the area 
planted. For fruit orchards and groves, vineyards, and planted 
nut trees, the acreage reported represents the total area in 
both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of the date of 
enumeration — usually a date in October, November, or Decem- 
ber 1959. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the acreage 
grown for all purposes was reported as well as the acreage har- 
vested for specific purposes. For velvet beans, only the acreage 
grown was reported. As the enumeration was about to begin 
in South Florida (those counties in which the enumeration was 
begun on October 7), an instruction was issued to the effect 
that the data for vegetables and potato crops should relate 
to a full year, beginning on October 1, 1958, and ending Sep- 
tember 30, 1959. 

Quantity of Crops Harvested. — Except for citrus fruits, olives, 
avocados, and for vegetable and potato crops in South Florida 
(see preceding paragraph) data for quantity harvested relate 
to the calendar year 1959. For citrus fruits, the quantity 
harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 1958-59 marketing 
season was to be reported. For olives, the crop harvested in 
1959 was to be reported for all States except California and 
Arizona. Enumerators in those two States were instructed to 
report olives harvested from the bloom of 1958 during the 1958- 
59 harvest season (September 15, 1958, to February 28, 1959). 
In the case of avocados, the data for California were to relate 
to the quantity harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 
marketing season that extended from October 1, 1958 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1959; the data for Florida were to relate to the 
crop harvested for the marketing season that extended from 
July 1, 1959, to February 28, 1960. Respondents were to 
estimate quantities not yet harvested at the time of 
enumeration. 

Unit of Measure. — The unit of measure in which quantities 
were to be reported has varied for some crops, not only from 
State to State, but also from census to census. The aim has 
been to permit reporting in the units of measure currently 
in use. In the State and county tables, the quantities harvested 
for each crop are usually expressed in the unit of measure 
given on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire. In 1959, for corn 
and Irish potatoes, a choice between two units in which to 
report the production was given in some States. (See the 
discussion for those crops.) To provide readily comparable 
Information, data published in earlier reports in different units 
of measure generally have been converted to the units used in 
1959. 
Corn. — In the 1959 census, detailed questions regarding the 

purpose for which corn was harvested were asked in all States. 

For most States, bushels was the only unit specified for corn 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



for grain. In some areas, however, where farmers were not 
accustomed to using bushels as the unit of measure, the question- 
naire contained a provision for the quantity of corn for grain 
to be reported either in bushels (shelled basis) or in baskets of 
ear corn. As in former censuses, some reports were received 
in units of measure other than bushels or baskets. Prior to 
tabulation, all reports were converted to bushels (shelled basis) 
on the basis of the following factors: 70 pounds of ear corn, 
2 baskets of ears, or 56 pounds of shelled corn equal one bushel. 
A barrel of ear corn was usually considered equal to 5 bushels of 
shelled corn. 

Annual Legumes. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the 

acres and quantity grown or harvested for specific purposes, as 
well as the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained 
for areas where these crops are grown extensively ; for velvet- 
beans, only the total grown for all purposes was obtained. For 
all these crops except, possibly peanuts, the total acreage grown 
for all purposes includes some acreage that was plowed under 
for green manure. In a few Southern States, separate figures 
were obtained for the acres grown alone and the acres grown 
with other crops. In 1959, as in 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report green soybeans and blackeyes and other green 
cowpeas harvested for sale as vegetables and not as annual 
legumes. 

Hay Crops.— Data for the total acres of land from which hay 
was cut exclude the acreage in sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays. These crops were reported in separate questions 
in the States where they are important. To obtain the total 
acres from which other hays were cut, the acres of the various 
hay crops, including grass silage, were added together for each 
county. The corresponding totals for 1954 were obtained by 
the same procedure. For the 1950 census, however, the totals 
were based on farmers' own reports of their total acreage in 
harvested hay crops. 

The questionnaire contained an instruction that if two or more 
cuttings were made from the same land, the total production 
from all cuttings was to be reported but the acres cut were to 
be counted only once. In cases where both hay and grass silage 
were cut from the same land, the total acreage was to be reported 
for both crops. In 1959, as in 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa 
and alfalfa mixtures for hay and for dehydrating ; clover and 
timothy hay included clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses; small grain hay included oats, wheat, barley, rye, or 
other small grains cut for hay. The hay crops listed on the 
questionnaire varied somewhat from one State or region to 
another. The kinds of hay to be included in separate questions 
can be determined for a specific State from reference to the 
facsimile of the questionnaire that is in the appendix. 

The tonnage of hay, including alfalfa hay for dehydrating, is 
given on a dry-weight basis. Prior to tabulation, production 
reported in green weight was converted to its dry-weight equiv- 
alent by dividing by 3. However, the production of grass silage 
is given in terms of green weight. 

Field Seed Crops. — The field seed crops listed on each version 
of the questionnaire were limited to those considered most im- 
portant within the given State. Each version of the question- 
naire contained space for listing other field seed crops in order 
to facilitate the reporting of all field seed crops harvested. 
Quantity harvested was to be reported in terms of clean seed 
for most field seed crops. Bluegrass, or Junegrass seed, was to 
be reported in terms of green seed for Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and 
Tennessee. No mention was made of "green-weight basis" for 
other States where this crop was to be reported in the "All other" 
question. 

Irish Potatoes and Sweetpotatoes. — For Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes (including yams), the total quantity harvested was 
to be reported for each crop in all cases, whether harvested for 



home use or for sale or whether used for livestock feed. The 
acreage harvested was to be reported for each crop only in cases 
where the quantity amounted to 20 or more bushels (or the 
approximate equivalent in terms of hundredweights, barrels, or 
pounds, as explained on different versions of the questionnaire) . 
This method of reporting was designed to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes harvested on small plots for home use. Essen- 
tially the same procedure was followed in both 1954 and 1950. 
In earlier censuses, however, the acreage of Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes was to be reported in all cases, even when produc- 
tion was solely for home use. Therefore, the data on acres for 
censuses prior to 1950 are not fully comparable with those for 
the last three censuses, especially in counties or States where 
production is largely for home use. 

The unit of measure in which quantity was to be reported 
varied from one State or region to another to correspond with 
the units most commonly used in a given area. In 27 States, 
the questionnaire provided a choice for reporting either bushels 
or 100-pound bags (hundredweights). The published data for 
counties and States are in terms of bushels. 

Berries and Other Small Fruits. — The question for berries and 
other small fruits related specifically to the acreages and quanti- 
ties harvested for sale. Only tame or cultivated berries were to 
be reported except for the New England States, where wild blue- 
berries were also to be included. Enumerators were instructed 
always to report the total quantity of each kind of berry har- 
vested for sale but to report the area harvested only when It 
amounted to one-tenth acre or more. Nonbearing areas and areas 
and quantities harvested for home use were to be excluded. The 
data for 1959 and 1954 are fully comparable. 

Tree Fruits, Nuts, and Grapes. — In 1959, as in 1954, fruit trees, 
nut trees, and grapevines were not enumerated for farms having 
a combined total of less than 20 at the time of enumeration. 
Both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines were to be included 
but not any that had been abandoned. For censuses prior to 
1954, all fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm were 
to be enumerated, regardless of the number. Because of this 
change in enumeration procedure, the data for 1959 and 1954 
are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. In 
commercial fruit-producing counties, the change in procedure 
may have had a considerable effect on the number of farms re- 
porting without causing any significant changes in the number 
of trees and vines nor in the quantity harvested. In counties 
where most of the trees or vines are in small plantings and 
where production is largely for home-use, however, the change 
may have caused a significant reduction not only in the number 
of farms reporting but also in the number of trees and vines and 
in the quantity harvested. 

In both 1959 and 1954, the area in fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees was enumerated when there 
were 20 or more fruit trees, nut trees, and grapevines. In 
1950, the corresponding area was enumerated only if it amounted 
to one-half acre or more. In censuses prior to 1950, the area was 
to be reported regardless of its size or of the number of trees 
and vines. Enumerators frequently omitted the fractional acre- 
ages in small plantings and home orchards, however. In some 
counties, small plantings or home orchards comprise a sizeable 
proportion of the total fruit and nut acreage. For those 
counties, the change from one census to another in acreage of 
land in fruits and nuts may not be due to fact but merely to 
differences in enumeration. 

In 1959, California was the only State for which the acreage 
in each individual fruit and nut crop was obtained. In 1954, 
such acreage was also obtained for Arizona. In all States, the 
number of bearing and nonbearing trees or vines on the farm at 
the time of enumeration and the quantity harvested in 1959 
were to be reported separately for each fruit and nut crop. (Ex- 
ceptions in the harvest period for citrus fruits, avocados, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



olives are described on p. XIX.) The unit of measure in which 
quantities were to be reported varied from one State to another. 
Tables in this report show quantities in the unit of measure 
appearing on the 1959 questionnaire used in the State. 

Nursery and Greenhouse Products. — The questions about nursery 
and greenhouse products related only to products grown on the 
place for sale. Crops bought for resale without additional cul- 
tivation were to be excluded. The area used for growing and 
the value of sales were to be reported separately for each of 
three groups, as follows : 

a. Nursery products, (trees, shrubs, vines, and ornamentals). 

b. Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding plants. 
For these items, the area grown in the open was to be re- 
ported separately from the area grown under glass. 

c. Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. For these items, 
the area grown in the open was to be reported separately 
from the area grown under glass or in the house. 

The data obtained for 1959 are comparable with those for 
1954 and 1950 since the questions asked were essentially the 
same in the three censuses. Detailed data regarding the pro- 
duction and sale of nursery, greenhouse, and other horticultural 
products on farms having sales of $2,000 will be published in 
volume V, part 1. 

Forest Products. — The forest products data obtained in the 
Census of Agriculture relate only to the products cut on farms. 
Commercial logging, timber operations, and forest products grown 
or cut on nonfarm places are excluded. Therefore, the data in 
this report do not represent the total forestry output or income 
for a county or State. 

The questions included on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire 
are more detailed than those asked in the 1954 Census. Value 
was obtained for the sale of standing timber or trees and for 
the sale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers. The 
quantity cut, whether for home use or sale, and the quantity sold 
were obtained for Individual forestry products such as firewood 
and fuelwood, fence posts, sawlogs and veneer logs. Data relating 
to pulpwood, Christmas trees, maple trees, and maple syrup were 
obtained in States where such products are important 
commercially. 

Value of Crops Harvested. — The total value of crops harvested 
represents the estimated value of all crops harvested during the 
crop year 1959. It includes the value of quantities consumed 
on farms as food, feed, seed, etc., as well as quantities sold. 
Farmers were not asked to report values of crops harvested ; 
the values were calculated in the Processing Office. For individ- 
ual crops, the quantity harvested was multiplied by the average 
price at which the crop was sold in the State. State average 
prices were furnished to the Bureau of the Census by the Agricul- 
tural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 
They are based on reports received from a sample of farmers and 
dealers. Quantities harvested were not obtained for vegetables 
nor for nursery and greenhouse products. Therefore, for those 
crops, the value of sales, as obtained in the enumeration, was used 
in the calculation of total value of crops harvested. 

Value of Crops Sold. — The questionnaire required value of sales 
of crops to be reported only for total vegetables, nursery and 
greenhouse products, and certain forest products. For all other 
crops, the value of sales was calculated on a county level during 
processing operations by multiplying the State average prices 
by either the quantity sold or the quantity harvested. Reports 
of quantity sold were obtained during the enumeration only for 
some of the major field crops. Quantity harvested was used in 
the calculation of value of crops sold for such crops as cotton, 
tobacco, etc., that are customarily grown for sale. The procedures 
used for the various crops are described on page XXV. They 



are similar to the procedures followed in 1954. In 1950, values 
of crops sold were obtained for each farm during the enumeration. 

Ibbigation 

Definition of Irrigated Land.— Irrigated land is defined as land 
watered for agricultural purposes by artificial means. These 
means included subirrigation as well as systems whereby water 
was applied to the ground surface, either directly or by sprinklers. 
Land flooded for rice cultivation was considered as irrigated. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be included as 
irrigated only if water was directed to agricultural use by dams, 
canals, or other works. The definition of irrigated land specif- 
ically excluded land where the "water table", or natural level 
of underground water, was controlled by drainage works with no 
additional water brought in by canals or pipes. 

Enumeration of Irrigated Land.— A question on total land irri- 
gated was asked in all States, with the exception of Alaska. The 
acreage reported for this question includes not only irrigated 
cropland but also any other land that was irrigated in 1959. 

The questionnaires used in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, 
and Hawaii included several additional questions regarding irri- 
gation. These questions related to the acreage of land irrigated 
by sprinklers, irrigated land from which crops were harvested, 
specific crops irrigated, and source of irrigation water. Such 
additional data, for irrigated farms, are presented in county 
table la for these States. 

Statistics on the irrigation enterprises which supplied irriga- 
tion water were collected in the 1959 Census of Irrigation and 
are published in Volume III, "Irrigation of Agricultural Lands". 
This report contains a considerable amount of data about irri- 
gation for the 17 Western States and Louisiana. 

Irrigated Farms.— All farms reporting any land irrigated in 
1959 are counted as irrigated farms. 

Land in Irrigated Farms.— Data for land in irrigated farms ac- 
cording to use relate to the entire acreage in these farms, in- 
cluding land that was not irrigated. 

Land Irrigated. — Data for land irrigated relate only to that 
part of the land in irrigated farms that was watered by artificial 
means at any time in 1959. Separate figures are given for farms 
reporting land irrigated by sprinklers whether or not the land 
was also irrigated by other means. Additional figures are given 
for farms reporting land irrigated by sprinklers only. Data 
on sprinkler irrigation were not obtained in the 1954 census. 

Irrigated Cropland Harvested. — The data for irrigated crop- 
land harvested relate to all irrigated land from which crops 
were harvested in 1959, regardless of the method of irrigation. 
An instruction on the questionnaire reminded enumerators and 
respondents to include irrigated land from which hay was cut, 
irrigated land in both bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut 
crops, and irrigated land from which volunteer crops were 
harvested. Each irrigated acre was to be reported only once, 
regardless of how many crops were harvested from it. 

Other Irrigated Land. — This classification was obtained by 
subtraction of the acreage of irrigated cropland harvested 
from the acreage of total land irrigated. It represents primarily 
irrigated cropland not harvested and irrigated pasture or 
grazing land. 

Farms Irrigated By Number of Acres Irrigated. — All farm9 on 
which any land was irrigated in 1959 are classified according 
to the number of acres irrigated in county table la for the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and Hawaii. This classification is 
based on total land irrigated. Therefore, it includes not only the 
irrigated land from which crops were harvested but also all other 
irrigated land, regardless of use. 

Land Irrigated By Source of Water. — The agriculture question- 
naire contained a question as to what proportion of irrigated 
water used on the farm in 1959 was obtained from ground- 
water, surface-water, and irrigation-organization sources. Re- 
spondents were asked to report separately the percentage of 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



water obtained from each source. The number of acres that 
were irrigated by water from each source or combination of 
sources was calculated during office processing operations by 
applying the percentages to the total land irrigated. 

Ground-water sources relate to wells (pumped or flowing) and 
springs ; surface-water sources relate to streams, lakes, reservoirs, 
and sewage and drainage ditches. For each of these sources, 
only water obtained by pumps or other works operated as part 
of the operator's own farm or as part of another single farm was 
to be included. Irrigation-organization sources relate to irriga- 
tion enterprises organized to supply water to a group of farms, 
regardless of how or where the enterprise obtained the water. 
The irrigation enterprise may be a legal organization or a group 
of farmers informally organized to operate a supply ditch or 
other works to provide water for their own farms. 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary Information. — The 1959 data for land-use practices 
are estimates based on reports obtained from only a sample of 
farms. Comparable data are not presented for 1954 because 
questions about land-use practices were included on the 1954 
questionnaire for only a limited number of States. The various 
land-use practices relate to methods for reducing soil erosion, 
either by improving the soil, controlling the run-off of water, or 
reducing the blowing of topsoil. 

Cropland in Cover Crops. — The data relate to land on which 
cover crops were turned under for green manure in 1959 and 
which was then planted to another crop. The entire acreage of 
cover crops so used was to be reported even if the following crop 
failed. 

Cropland Used for Grain or Eow Crops Farmed on the Contour. — 
This item relates to land on which grain or row crops were 
planted in level rows around the slope of a hill. 

Land in Strip-Cropping Systems for Soil-Erosion Control. — Strip- 
cropping was defined as the practice of alternating close-sown 
crops with strips or bands of row crops or of alternating either 
close-sown or row crops with bands of cultivated fallow land. 
The published data refer to the total acreage of all fields and 
tracts in which strip-cropping was practiced in 1959. 

System of Terraces on Crop and Pasture Land. — This item re- 
lates to the acreage in ridge-type or channel-type terraces con- 
structed on sloping cropland and pastureland. 

Livestock and Potjltby 

Inventories.— Data for livestock and poultry on farms relate 
to the number on hand at the time of enumeration. All live- 
stock and poultry, including those being kept or fed under con- 
tract, were to be enumerated on the farm or ranch where they 
were, regardless of who owned them. Livestock in transit from 
one grazing area to another or grazing in national forests, graz- 
ing districts, open range, or on land used under permit were to be 
reported as being on the place where the person who had control 
over them had his headquarters. 

The time of year at which livestock and poultry are enumerated 
affects the data. Therefore, the date of enumeration needs to 
be considered when totals for the various censuses are compared. 
Both the 1959 and the 1954 census data represent fall inven- 
tories. These censuses came at a time of large-scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feed lot, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of 1920, 1925, 1935, and 1945 were taken as of 
January 1 and those of 1930, 1940, and 1950, as of April 1. A 
count made in April varies considerably from one made in Jan- 
uary. In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. A considerable number of older animals die 
or are sold during the same period. In the range States, along 



with the change in season and grazing condition, sheep and cattle 
are moved from one locality or county to another. This movement 
may affect the comparability of data for counties and, in some 
cases, for States. The comparability of data by age has been 
affected also by changes in the questions from one census to 
another. 

Milk Cows, Cows Milked, Milk Produced, and Butter. — Data on 
the number of milk cows, cows milked, and milked produced relate 
to the day preceding the enumeration. Data for butter churned 
were obtained only for 14 States and relate to the calendar week 
preceding the enumeration. The data for cows milked yesterday 
and milk produced yesterday are not given in this volume. These 
figures were obtained primarily to serve the needs of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture in making monthly and annual esti- 
mates of milk production. These figures can be made available, 
at a small cost, to others who express an interest in them. 

Whole Milk and Cream Sold. — Data for whole milk and cream 
sold relate to the entire year 1959 and are estimates based on 
reports obtained for farms in the sample. All milk and cream 
sold from the farm (except quantities purchased from some 
other place and then resold) were to be included, regardless 
of who shared the receipts. The questionnaire provided three 
alternative units of measure for reporting the quantity of milk 
sold — pounds of milk, gallons of milk, and pounds of butterfat. 
The respondent was thus permitted to report quantity according 
to the unit of measure in which payment was received. In the 
State and county tables, the data for milk are given in the unit 
of measure most commonly used in the State. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk on the 
basis of the average butterfat content of milk as shown by data 
furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and Gilts Farrowing. — In the 1959 census, data were ob- 
tained for the number of litters farrowed between December 1, 
1958, and June 1, 1959, and from June 1 to December 1, 1959. In 
the 1954 census, data were obtained for the sows and gilts that 
farrowed rather than for the number of litters. 

Sheep, Lambs, and Wool. — In the 1959 census, questions about 
sheep, lambs, and wool were asked in all States. Data on 
shearings and on amount of wool shorn were obtained for lambs 
and sheep separately. In the 1954 census, sheep and lamb inven- 
tories were not obtained for Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. 

Goats and Mohair. — In 1959, questions on goats, kids, and mo- 
hair appeared on the questionnaires for the following nine States : 
Arizona, California, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, 
Oregon, Texas, and Utah. In 1954, corresponding data were ob- 
tained for Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, 
Washington, and selected counties in Missouri. 

Bees and Honey. — No questions on bees and honey were in- 
cluded on the questionnaires for either the 1959 or the 1954 
census. In 1959, however, enumerators were instructed to ob- 
tain agriculture questionnaires for places not having agricultural 
operations if they were engaged in beekeeping. The number of 
hives of bees and the amount of honey sold were to be reported 
in the "Remarks" space of the questionnaire. Data for bees 
and honey are not Included in this report 

Value of Livestock on Farms. — To obtain the value of livestock 
on farms, the number of each class of livestock or poultry on hand 
was multiplied by the State average price for 1959, as furnished 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Comparable data for 1954 were compiled by the 
same method on the basis of average prices for that year. 

Sales of Live Animals. — Data for the number and value of ani- 
mals sold alive in 1959 are estimates based on reports for sample 
farms only. Corresponding data for 1954 were obtained for all 
farms. The dollar value of sales was obtained from the farmer 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



for cattle, calves, and horses and mules. Average value per head 
for other livestock sold was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. In the 1959 census, respondents were asked to 
report separately the number of live animals already sold and the 
number estimated to be sold between the time of enumeration and 
the end of the year. This separation of reports for the number 
sold and to be sold was designed to assure more complete coverage 
of all livestock sales made during the year. In the 1954 census, 
only totals for the entire year were obtained though reference 
was made to animals to be sold between enumeration and the end 
of the year. 

Sales of Poultry and Poultry Products. — For both the 1959 and 
the 1954 Censuses, sales of chickens were obtained for two groups : 
(1) broilers and (2) other chickens. The enumeration of broiler 
sales presents problems arising from the varied contractual ar- 
rangements under which broilers are produced. The question- 
naire contained an instruction to the effect that all broilers grown 
for others under contract were to be reported as sold. During 
office processing operations, the data reported for inventories and 
sales of chickens four months old and over, chicken eggs sold, and 
broilers sold were carefully examined. Obvious inconsistencies 
indicating confusion between broilers and other chickens were 
corrected on the basis of estimated values and, for sample farms, 
on the basis of data reported for expenditures for feed, poultry 
and livestock purchases, hired labor, etc. 

Questions relating to poultry other than chickens (and broilers) 
were generally the same in 1959 as in 1954. In the 1959 census, 
however, only total numbers were obtained for turkeys and turkey 
fryers raised and for turkey hens kept for breeding whereas the 
1954 questionnaire asked for a breakdown between light and heavy 
breeds. Also, for poultry other than chickens and turkeys, the 
1959 census obtained the number sold whereas the 1954 census 
obtained the number raised. 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of Classification. — Data for land in farms, and for crop- 
land harvested in farms classified by size, by color of operator and 
by tenure of operator were tabulated for all farms. However, 
most of the detailed data by size of farm, by color of operator, by 
tenure of operator, by economic class, and by type of farm are 
estimates based on farms in the sample. The farm classifications 
by size of farm, color of operator, tenure of operator, economic 
class of farm, and type of farm were made in the processing 
office on the basis of data reported on each questionnaire. 

Farms by Size. — Farms were classified by size a- -cording to the 
total land area established for each farm. The seme classifica- 
tion was used for all States. According to definition, a farm is 
essentially an operating unit, not an ownership tract All land 
operated by one person or partnership represents one farm. In 
the case of a landlord who has assigned land to croppers or other 
tenants, the land assigned to each cropper or tenant is considered 
a separate farm even though the landlord may operate the entire 
landholding as one unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rota- 
tion practice, purchase of supplies, or sale of products. In some 
parts of the South, a special Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire was 
used to assure an accurate enumeration of each unit within a 
multiple-unit operation. A change was made in the size classifica- 
tion for 1959, as contrasted with several preceding years, by sub- 
dividing the 1,000-acre-and-over group and by combining two 
previously recognized groups, viz., 10 to 29 acres and 30 to 49 
acres. 

Farms by Color of Operator. — Farms were classified by color of 
operator into two groups, "white" and "nonwhite." "Nonwhite" 
includes primarily Negro and Indian operators but also some of 
other racial origin. 

Enumerators were instructed to report the race on the basis of 
their own observation whenever possible rather than by asking the 
respondent. 



Farms by Tenure of Operator. — The classification of farms by 
tenure of operator was based on data reported for land owned, 
land rented from others or worked for others on shares, land 
managed for others, and land rented to others or worked on shares 
by others. The same basis of classification was used in 1959 
as in 1954. 

For 1959, each questionnaire was coded, during the editing proc- 
ess, to indicate whether it represented a farm operated by a full 
owner, part owner, manager, or tenant. The sample question- 
naires for tenants were given a code to indicate the kind of 
tenant. 

The various classifications of tenure, as used for the 1959 census, 
are defined below : 

a. Full Owners operate only land they own. 

b. Part Owners operate land they own and also land rented 
from others. 

c. Managers operate land for others and are paid a wage or 
salary for their services. Persons acting merely as care- 
takers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If 
a farm operator managed land for others and also operated 
land on his own account, the laud operated on his own ac- 
count was considered as one farm and the land managed for 
others as a second farm. If, however, he managed land for 
two or more employers, all the managed land was considered 
to be one farm. 

d. Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all 
the land they operate. They are further classified, as de- 
scribed below, on the basis of rental arrangements in regard 
to the payment of cash rent, sharing of crops, sharing of 
livestock or livestock products, and the furnishing of work 
power by the landlord. 

(1) Cash Tenants pay cash rent, either on a per-acre basis or 
for the farm as a whole. 

(2) Share-Cash Tenants pay part of the rent in cash and part 
in a share of the crops and/or of the livestock and livestock 
products. 

(3) Crop-Share Tenants pay a share of the crops but not of the 
livestock or livestock products. 

(4) livestock-Share Tenants pay a share of the livestock or 
livestock products. They may or may not also pay a share of 
the crops. 

(5) Croppers are tenants whose landlords furnished all the 
work animals or tractor power. They usually work under 
the close supervision of the landowners or their agents, or 
other farm operators. Also, the land assigned to them is 
often merely a part of a multi-unit operation. Croppers may 
or may not also pay cash rent or a share of crops, livestock, 
or livestock products. Data for croppers are available for 
only 16 southern States and Missouri. 

(6) Other Tenants are those who did not qualify for inclusion 
in any of the foregoing subclassifications. They may have 
had the use of land rent-free or in return for a fixed quantity 
of products, payment of taxes, maintenance of buildings, etc. 

(7) Unspecified Tenants are those for whom the rental arrange- 
ment was not reported. 

The definition of each subclass of tenant was essentially the 
same for earlier censuses as for 1959. In 1945, however, the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants 
whereas in other censuses all classifications were made during 
the processing of questionnaires on the basis of the data 
reported. The procedure used in 1945 may have affected the 
comparability of the data, especially for cash tenants and 
share-cash tenants. 

Farms by Economic Class. — The totals for farms by economic 
class are estimates for all farms made on the basis of data re- 
ported only for the sample farms. The economic classifications 
represent groupings of farms that are similar in characteristics 
and size of operation. The economic classes were established on 
the basis of one or more of four factors: (1) total value of all 
farm products sold, (2) number of days the farm operator worked 
off the farm, (3) the age of the farm operator, and (4) the re- 
lationship of income received by the operator and members of his 
household from nonfarm sources to the value of all farm products 
sold. Institutional farms, Indian reservations, agricultural ex- 
periment stations, and grazing associations were always classified 
as "abnormal." 



xxrv 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



The total value of farm products sold was obtained by addi- 
tion of the reported or estimated values for all products sold from 
the farm. The value of cattle and calves, horses and mules, dairy 
products, some poultry products, vegetables, nursery and green- 
house products, standing timber, and miscellaneous forest prod- 
ucts was obtained from the farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. The quantity sold was obtained during enumeration for 
corn, sorghums, small grains, hay, small fruits, some of the for- 
est products, chickens and chicken eggs, hogs, sheep, and goats. 
To obtain the value of sales of these products, the quantity sold 
was multiplied by State average prices. 

For each of the other products, the entire production was mul- 
tiplied by the State average price. If the resulting value amount- 
ed to $100 or more, the entire quantity produced was considered 
as sold. This procedure was followed only in establishing the 
economic class and the type of farm but was not used in estab- 
lishing the total value of products sold from the farm. (See 
p. XXV.) 

Farms were grouped into two major categories, commercial 
farms and other farms, mainly on the basis of total value of prod- 
ucts sold. The 1959 class intervals and some of the criteria for 
determination of a given class are different from those used in 
1954 and in 1950. In general, for 1959, all farms with a value 
of sales amounting to $2,500 or more were classified as commercial. 
Farms with a value of sales of $50 to $2,499 were classified as com- 
mercial if the farm operator was under 65 years of age and (1) he 
did not work off the farm 100 or more days during the year and 
(2) the income received by the operator and members of his 
family from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. The remaining farms with a value of sales of $50 
to $2,499 and institutional farms and Indian reservations were 
included in one of the groups of "other farms." 

Commercial farms were divided into six economic classes on 
the basis of the total value of all farm products sold, as 
follows : 

Value of Farm 
Class of Farm Products sold 

I $40,000 and over 

II $20,000 to $39,999 

III $10,000 to $19,999 

IV $5,000 to $9,999 

V $2,500 to $4,999 

VI* $50 to $2,499 

•Provided the farm operator was under 65 years of age, and — 

(1) he did not work off the farm 100 or more days, and (2) the In- 
come that he and members of his household received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the total value of farm products sold. 

Other farms were divided into three economic classes as 
follows : 

a. Class VII, Part-time. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part-time" if 
the operator was under 65 years of age and he either worked 
off the farm 100 or more days or the income he and members 
of his household received from nonfarm sources was greater 
than the total value of farm products sold. 

b. Class VIII, Part-retirement. — Farms with a value of sales 
of farm products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part- 
retirement" if the farm operator was 65 years old or over. 
Many of these are farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others are residential, subsistence, or marginal 
farms. In previous censuses, the age of the farm operator 
was not a criterion for grouping farms by economic class. 
Since the number of elderly people in our population has 
been steadily increasing during recent years, a separate 
classification for farms operated on a part-retirement basis 
was considered important for an adequate analysis of the 
agricultural structure of a county or State. 

c. Class IX, Abnormal. — All institutional farms and Indian 
reservations were classified as "abnormal," regardless of the 
value of sales. Institutional farms include those operated 



by hospitals, penitentiaries, schools, grazing associations, 
government agencies, etc. 

Farms by Type. — The data for farms by type are estimates 
bused on data tabulated for the farms in the sample. The 
type represents a description of the major source of income from 
farm sales. To be classified as a particular type, a farm had to 
have sales of a particular product or group of products amounting 
in value to 50 percent or more of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold during the year. 

The types of farms, together with the products on which type 
classification is based, are as follows : 

Type of Farm Source of Cash Income 

(Products with sales value representing 
50% or more of total value of all farm 
products sold) 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghums, small grains, soybeans 

for beans, cowpeas for peas, dry field 
and seed beans and peas. 

Tobacco Tobacco. 

Cotton Cotton. 

Other field-crop Peanuts, potatoes (Irish and sweet), 

sugarcane for sugar or sirup, sweet 
sorghums for sirup, broomcorn, pop- 
corn, sugar beets, mint, hops, and 
sugar beet seed. 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries, other small fruits, tree fruits, 

grapes, and nuts. 

Poultry Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, and 

other poultry products. 

Dairy Milk and cream. The criterion of 50 

percent of total sales was modified in 
the case of dairy farms. A farm hav- 
ing value of sales of dairy products 
amounting to less than 50 percent of 
the total value of farm products sold 
was classified as a dairy farm, if — 

(a) Milk and cream sold accounted 
for more than 30 percent of the total 
value of products sold and — 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of total cows and — 

(c) The value of milk and cream sold 
plus the value of cattle and calves 
sold amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of all farm 
products sold. 

Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool 
and mohair except for farms in the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and 
Florida that qualified as livestock 
ranches. 

Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisi- 
ana, and Florida were classified as 
livestock ranches if the sales of live- 
stock, wool, and mohair represented 
50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold and if pasture- 
land or grazing land amounted to 100 
or more acres and was 10 or more 
times the acreage of cropland har- 
vested. 

Field seed crops, hay, silage. A farm 
was classified as general also if it had 
cash income from three or more 
sources and did not meet the criteria 
for any other type. 

Nursery and greenhouse products, forest 
products, mules, horses, colts and 
ponies. Also all institutional farms 
and Indian reservations. 



Livestock other than 
dairy and poultry 



Livestock Ranches- 



General— 



Miscellaneous. 



INTRODUCTION 



xxv 



The type classifications were essentially the same for the 1959 
as for the 1954 census except that tobacco farms and livestock 
ranches were not separately classified in 1954. Tobacco was in- 
cluded as one of the crops used in the classification of "other 
field crop" farms in 1954. The farms classified as livestock 
ranches in 1959 would have been classified as "livestock other 
than dairy and poultry" in 1954 without regard to the acreage in 
pasture. 

Value of Farm Products Sold. — Data for the value of farm prod- 
ucts sold In 1959 were obtained by enumeration for some prod- 
ucts and by estimation for others. The questionnaire used for 
the 1959 census provided for farm operators to report value of 
sales for the following products : 

Vegetables Miscellaneous poultry products 

Nursery and greenhouse prod- Milk and cream 

ucts Cattle 

Standing timber Calves 

Miscellaneous forest products Horses, mules, colts, and ponies 

For all other agricultural products, the value of sales was esti- 
mated during the oflfice processing. The State average prices 
used for calculating the value of farm products sold were fur- 
nished to the Bureau by the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of three following pro- 
cedures was used. 

(1) For the products for which data on quantities sold were 
obtained during enumeration, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the county totals of the quantities reported as sold or 
the quantities reported as produced for sale. The following prod- 
ucts were covered by this procedure : 

Corn for grain Fence posts 

Sorghums for grain, seed, sirup, Sawlogs and veneer logs 

or dry forage Christmas trees 

All small grains Chickens (broilers and others) 

Hay crops Chicken eggs 

All berries and small fruits * Hogs and pigs 

Firewood and fuelwood Sheep and lambs 

Pulpwood Goats and kids 

'Adjustment made for cranberries based on Cranberry Payment 
Program. 

(2) For most of the agricultural products which are cus- 
tomarily raised for sale, the entire quantity produced was 
considered to be sold. The State average prices were, accordingly, 
multiplied by the county total of production. The following crops 
were covered by this procedure : 



Cotton 

Popcorn 

Sugar beets for sugar 

Broomcorn 



Sugarcane for sugar 

Tobacco 

Wool 

Mohair 

(3) For all other crops, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the quantities sold as estimated on the basis of crop- 
disposition data furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
data reported in questions for "other crops" on the 1959 question- 
naire, or data obtained from earlier censuses. 

For all tree fruits, nuts, and grapes, the entire quantity pro- 
duced was considered as sold, except for apples, apricots, sour and 
sweet cherries, peaches, plums, prunes, avocados, tangerines, 
oranges, and grapefruit in States where a portion of the crop 
was not harvested or was subjected to excess cullage as indicated 
by data obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

The data for 1959 are comparable with those for 1954 since 
essentially the same procedures were used in both censuses for 
estimating quantities and values of farm products sold. In 1959, 
as in 1954, data for the sales of farm products represent total 
sales for the entire farm, regardless of who shared the receipts. 
For tenant-operated farms, the landlord's share of agricultural 
products was considered as sold provided the products were 
moved off the tenant farm. All crops, livestock, and poultry 
raised under a contract arrangement were considered as sold 
from the farm where they were raised. For institutional farms, 
all agricultural items produced on land operated by the institu- 
tion and consumed by the inmates were to be reported as sold. 

All sales data relate to one year's farm operations. Crop sales 
are for crops harvested during the crop year, whether the crops 
were actually sold immediately after harvest or placed in storage 
for later sale. Sales of livestock and livestock products relate 
to the calendar year, regardless of when the livestock or prod- 
ucts were raised or produced. All wool and mohair reported 
as shorn or clipped was considered as sold. 

Enumerators were instructed to record gross values of quanti- 
ties sold, with no deductions for feed, seed, fertilizer, water, labor, 
or marketing costs. For some products, however, net values may 
have been reported. In the case of milk, particularly, some farm 
operators may have reported the payments they received as the 
gross value of sales, even though the buyer had deducted handling 
and hauling charges before making payment. Adjustments were 
made in the data reported only in cases of obvious error. 



o 



Chapter A 

STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

(i) 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 
State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 





[Data ai value of land and buildings for 1959. 1954. and 1950 are based on reports 


for only a sample of farms. See texlj 








Item 


see text) 










Census of — 




(For definitions and explanations 


1959 


1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 






(Oct. -Nov.) 


(Oct. -Nov.) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(January 1) 






6,542 


10,411 


13,391 


18,786 


16,554 


17,695 


14,906 


21,065 


20,523 






5,768,960 


5,770,880 


5,770,880 


5,775,360 


5,775,360 


5,779,840 


5,779,840 


5,779,840 


5,779,840 






19.5 


25.3 


29.7 


34.9 


31.3 


36.6 


33.9 


39.1 


45.0 






1,124,312 


1,457,293 


1,713,731 


2,017,049 


1,809,314 


2,115,548 


1,960,061 


2,262,064 


2,603,806 




acres 


171.9 


140.0 


128.0 


107.4 


109.3 


119.6 


131.5 


107.4 








126.9 


Value of land and buildings: 


























17,920 


11,595 


8,950 


4,280 


3,758 


3,783 


5,190 


4,113 


4,385 






106.13 


83.49 


72.68 


39.86 


34.38 


31.64 


39.47 


38.30 


34.56 


Land in farms according to use: ' 
























.farms reporting. . . 


5,503 


8,257 


11,459 


17,800 


15,485 


17,383 


14,346 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


205,767 


246,583 


290,199 


435,748 


371,611 


446,098 


380,105 


523,386 


2 508,276 




.farms repotting. . . 


1,263 


2,447 
1,567 


3,653 
2,492 


6,194 
3,664 














.farms reporting. • ■ 


1,030 


NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


782 


1,145 


1,692 


2,569 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


959 


1,509 


2,012 


2,868 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


1,058 


1,229 


1,306 


1,995 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


355 


304 


263 


438 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


56 


56 


41 


72 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


200 to 499 acres 


.farms reporting. . . 


53 


53 


40 


71 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


3 


3 


1 


1 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting . . . 










NA 


NA 


■ NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


2,924 


3,967 


4,658 


1,562 


6,006 


4,142 


4,588 


3,211 


NA 




acres . . . 


71,543 


87,719 


101,428 


48,412 


173,073 


78,604 


106,355 


89,673 


NA 


Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . 


.faims reporting.. . 


1,364 


2,643 


2,840 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


28,930 


47,380 


59,079 


25,282 


45,691 


16,746 


42,077 


19,460 


NA 


Soil-improvement grasses and legumes . 


.farms reporting. . . 


273 


NA 


NA 


NA 


A 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


2,759 


NA 


:ia 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other cropland (idle and crop failure) . . 


.farms reporting. . . 


1,150 


11A 


HA 


'1A 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


26,171 


NA 


!A 


KA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting . . . 


2,038 


3,136 


4,410 


6,383 


NA 


10,086 


8,504 


12,255 


NA 




acres . . . 


151,729 


228,217 


295,110 


445,689 


NA 


676,286 


576,398 


779,501 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


4,839 


6,739 


8,413 


10,524 


NA 


8,258 


6,832 


7,781 


NA 




acres . . . 


573,031 


680, 567 


744,350 


755,463 


NA 


597,540 


495,599 


536,743 


NA 


Other pasture (not cropland and 






















not woodland)' 


.farms reporting . . . 


1,380 


2,717 


3,379 


5,760 


NA 


4,857 


4,786 


4,964 


NA 




acres . . . 


56,401 


116,992 


148,702 


231,170 


NA 


205,986 


249,871 


218,211 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


309 


474 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


5,432 


7,225 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other land (house lots, roads, 
























.farms reportine 


NA 


8,594 


9,620 


14,399 


NA 


15,303 


8,621 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


36,911 


49,835 


74,863 


75,285 


NA 


94,288 


109,656 


95,090 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


5,996 


9,457 


12,397 


18,162 


16,077 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


306,240 


381,682 


450,706 


509,442 


590,375 


541,448 


528,537 


632,519 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


4,483 


7,047 


9,046 


11,301 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


279,673 


432,928 


545,240 


725,271 


NA 


960,876 


932,624 


1,087,385 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


5,497 


8,187 


10,368 


14,145 


12,178 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


724,760 


908,784 


1,039,460 


1,201,152 


860,113 


1,273,826 


1,071,997 


1,316,244 


1,299,838 




. farms renorti ng . . . 


76 


61 


51 


10 


7 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres . . . 


1,249 


942 


622 


63 


25 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA Not available. 

*For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954. in the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 

Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn 
harvested for grain. 

Not fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farms number . 

Under 10 acres , number. 

I'nder 3 acres number . 

1 acre or less number . 

2 seres number . 

3 to 9 acres number . 

3 acres number . 

4 acres number . 

5 acres number . 

6 acres number . 

7 acres numlier . 

8 acres number . 

9 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 Bcres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number . 

160 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 or more acres number. , 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number . . 

2,000 or more acres number . 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

I'nder 10 acres acres . . 

10 to 49 acres acres . . 

10 to 29 acres acres . . 

30 to 49 acres acres . . 

50 to 69 acres acres . . 

70 to 99 acres acres . . 

100 to 139 acres acres . . 

140 to 179 acres acres . . 

180 to 219 acres acres . . 

220 to 259 acres acres . . 

260 to 499 acres acres . . 

500 to 999 acres acres . . 

1 ,000 or more acres acres . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres.. 

2,000 or more acres acres . . 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
I'nder 10 acres farms reportinc. . 

acres . . 
10 to 49 acres farms reportinc.. 

acres . . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
70 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
140 to 179 acres farms reportinK.. 

acres . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
1.000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting. 

acres . . 
2,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

acres . . 



Census of— 



1959 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



6,544 
435 
158 
104 

54 

277 
54 
52 
47 

36 
36 
34 

18 

1,3U 
741 
573 

556 

667 

822 
609 

475 
355 

917 
333 

61 
49 

12 



1,127,888 
172.4 

1,770 

35,700 

NA 

HA 

32,805 
55,520 

93,071 
94,757 

93,570 

84,610 

324,772 
211,369 

99,944 
62,230 
37,714 



5,441 

211,067 

125 

410 

956 

8,836 

MA 

NA 

MA 

NA 

451 

6,856 

571 

12,200 

751 
20,353 

568 
21,582 

445 
19,545 

300 
15,930 

882 
63,666 

333 
31,998 

59 
9,691 

47 
7,902 

12 
1,789 



1954 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



10,411 

1,275 

421 

NA 

MA 

854 
NA 
NA 
NA 

MA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

2,297 

1,325 

972 

916 
1,120 

1,244 
918 

633 
466 

1,099 
370 

73 
NA 



1950 
(April 1) 



1,457,293 
140.0 

5,307 
59,908 
23,096 
36,812 

53,262 
91,878 

141,159 
144,028 

124,981 
111,149 

377,768 
237,394 

110,459 
NA 
NA 



8,257 
246,583 

485 
1,371 
1,607 
14,247 

855 
5,609 

752 
8,638 

740 
10,498 

950 
19,021 

1,103 

28,983 

836 

26,272 

594 
24,114 

449 
21,007 

1,059 

61,413 

361 

29,492 

73 
10,165 
NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 



13,382 

1,345 

319 

NA 

NA 

1,026 



3,325 
1,900 
1,425 

1,422 
1,423 

1,707 
1,144 

773 
586 

1,217 
381 

59 

NA 
HA 



1,722,019 
128.7 

6,485 
86,840 
32,320 
54,520 

83,261 
116,930 

193,826 
178,635 

151,785 
140,380 

425,189