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Full text of "U.S. census of agriculture: 1959. Final report"

Given By 



t 



U. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 

AGRICULTURE 

1959 



aware 



COUNTIES 









U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



U.S. CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 

Final Report— Vol. I— Part 22— Counties 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS 
LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS 
CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES 



Del 



aware 



COUNTIES 




Prepared under the supervision of 
RAY HURLEY, Chief 
Agriculture Division 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
Luther H. Hodges, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

Richard M. Scammon, Director (From May 1, 1961) 
Robert W. Burgess, Director (To March 3, 1 96 ) J 





BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

RICHARD M. SCAMMON, Director 



A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 

Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 

Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 8QST0N PUBLIC LIBRARY 

Lowell T. Galt, Special Assistant 

Herman P. Miller, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician 

Joseph F. Daly, Chief Mathematical Statistician 
Charles B. Lawrence, Jr., Assistant Director for Operations 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief International Statistical Programs Office 
A. W. VON Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division — 

Ray Hurley, Chief 

Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief /" 

Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief CyO , 

Field Division — s~. 

Jefferson D. McPike, Chief 

Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — —} \ o #- i \ 

C. F. Van Aken, Chief — ■ ' ' 

Henry A. Bloom, Assistant Chief , 

Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 
Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 

Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief "o^/oL "-^"5-^ 

Construction Statistics Division — Samuel J. Dennis, Chief 
Decennial Operations Division — Glen S. Taylor, Chief 
Demographic Surveys Division — Robert B. Pearl, Chief 
Economic Operations Division — Marion D. Bingham, Chief 
Electronic Systems Division — Robert F. Drury, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — William T. Fay, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Housing Division — Wayne F. DaugherTy, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Personnel Division — James P. Taff, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 
Statistical Methods Division — Joseph Steinberg, Chief 
Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 
Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 
Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC59-1 and AC59-2, 
Preliminary Reports 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: A60-9482 



SUGGESTED CITATION 

U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1959. Vol. I, 

Counties, Part 22 Delaware 

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1961 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. Price $1.00 



PREFACE 



Volume I, Counties, is one of the five principal reports presenting the results of the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 54 parts, presents the compilation of the infor- 
mation given by farm operators to census enumerators in 1959. 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress of 
August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code. 

The collection of the data was carried out by census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Bureau of the Census and working under the direction 
of Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Field Division. Paul R. Squires, then Special Assistant to 
the Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief, and Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief. They 
were assisted by M. Vincent Lindquist, Thomas Jabine, Robert S. McCauley, John C. 
Mackey, Robert Standley, Hilton E. Robison, Helen E. Teir, Carl R. Nyman, Kenneth 
R. Norell, Gladys L. Eagle, Henry L. DeGraff, Charles H. Boehne, Joseph A. Correll, 
Margaret G. Wood, Evelyn K. Jett, Simon Yablon, Emma B. Gass, Charlotte J. Messinese, 
Bennie L. Sharp, Isaac E. Lemon, James M. Lindsey, Samuel S. Murray, William F. 
Kauffman, Hector Vila, Harry P. Owings, Charles A. Nicholls, Henry A. Tucker, Robert 
S. Boyle, Helen M. Davenport, Albert W. Graybill, Lois G. Miller, Thomas D. Monroe, 
Gerald P. Owens, Bernard L. Ross, Marvin M. Thompson, Helen D. Turner, Kurt W. 
Luethy, Arnold L. Bollenbacher, George W. Coffman, Joseph A. Horak, Samuel J. Hundley, 
Donald K. Larson, Chester G. Lykins, Wilmer R. Maxham, Virgil L. McClain, Jr., Darrell 
D. Prochaska, Robert J. Rades, Hubert E. Sites, Duane E. Traylor, Donald H. von Steen, 
Elmer O. Rea, Frances G. Compton, Lillian W. Bentel, and Neil V. Perkins. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of personnel by the 
United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumeration, and the com- 
pilation of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. 

June 1961 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 
FINAL REPORTS 

Volume I — Counties — A separate part for each State. Statistics on number of farms; farm characteristics; acreage in farms; cropland 
and other uses of land; land-use practices; irrigation; farm facilities and equipment; farm labor; farm expenditures; use of commercial 
fertilizer; number and kind of livestock; acres and production of crops; value of farm products; characteristics of commercial farms, farms 
classified by tenure, by size, type, and economic class; and comparative data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Volume I is published in 54 parts as follows : 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 




New England States: 




West North Central — Continued 




Mountain : 


1 


Maine. 


19 


South Dakota. 


38 


Montana. 


2 


New Hampshire. 


20 


Nebraska. 


39 


Idaho. 


3 


Vermont. 


21 


Kansas. 


40 


Wyoming. 


4 


Massachusetts. 




South Atlantic: 


41 


Colorado. 


5 


Rhode Island. 


22 


Delaware. 


42 


New Mexico. 


6 


Connecticut. 


23 


Maryland. 


43 


Arizona. 




Middle Atlantic States: 


24 


Virginia. 


44 


Utah. 


7 


New York. 


25 


West Virginia. 


45 


Nevada. 


8 


New Jersey. 


26 


North Carolina. 




Pacific: 


9 


Pennsylvania. 


27 


South Carolina. 


46 


Washington. 




East North Central: 


28 


Georgia. 


47 


Oregon. 


10 


Ohio. 


29 


Florida. 


48 


California. 


11 


Indiana. 




East South Central: 


49 


Alaska. 


12 


Illinois. 


30 


Kentucky. 


50 


Hawaii 


13 


Michigan. 


31 


Tennessee. 




Other Areas: 


14 


Wisconsin. 


32 


Alabama. 


51 


American Samoa. 




West North Central: 


33 


Mississippi. 


52 


Guam. 


15 


Minnesota. 




West South Central: 


53 


Puerto Rico. 


16 


Iowa. 


34 


Arkansas. 


54 


Virgin Islands. 


17 


Missouri. 


35 


Louisiana. 






18 


North Dakota. 


36 
37 


Oklahoma. 
Texas. 







Volume II — General Report. — Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. Summary data and analyses of the 
data by States, for geographic divisions, and for the United States, by subjects, as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest Prod- 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




ucts. 


IV 


Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume III — Irrigation of Agricultural Lands. Western States 
(Dry Areas) — Data by States for drainage basins and a summary 
for the area, including number and types of irrigation organiza- 
tions, source of water, expenditures for works and equipment since 
1950, water used and acres served for irrigation purposes. 

Volume IV — Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Data by States on 
land in drainage organizations, number and types of organizations, 
cost of drainage and drainage works. 



Volume V — Special Reports, Part 1. — Horticultural Specialties. 

Statistics by States and a summary for the United States present- 
ing number and kinds of operations; gross receipts and/or gross 
sales; sales of nursery products, flower seed, vegetables grown 
under glass, and propagated mushrooms; number of container- 
grown plants; inventory products; sales of bulb crops; employ- 
ment; structures and equipment. 

Titles of additional parts of this volume are not available as 
this report goes to press. 



DELAWARE 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Page 

History of the Census IX 

Legal basis for the Census IX 

Pretest of the 1959 Census IX 

Training program for personnel for enumeration IX 

Enumeration period LX 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorisation IX 

The agriculture questionnaire IX 

Agricultural operations X 

Enumeration assignments and enumeration districts X 

Enumerator's record book XI 

Enumeration maps XI 

Lists of special and large farms XI 

Landlord- tenant questionnaire XI 

Township sketch map XI 

Field review of enumerator ' s work XII 

SAMPLING 

Use of sampling XII 

Description of the sample XII 

Adjustment of the sample XII 

Estimation of totals for the sample XII 

Presentation of sample data XII 

Reliability of estimates XII 

Differences in data resulting from differences in 

tabulating procedures XIII 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of enumeration XIII 

Editing of questionnaires XIII 

Coding of questionnaires XIII 

Tabulation of data XIII 

PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical content of this report XIV 

Comparability of data XIV 

Minor civil divisions XIV 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive summary and references XIV 

General Farm Information 

Census definition of a farm XIV 

Farm operator XV 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XV 

Land area XV 

Land in farms XV 

Land in farms according to use XVI 

Value of land and buildings XVII 

Age of operator XVII 

Residence of operator XVII 

Year began operating present farm XVII 

Off-farm work and other income XVII 

Equipment and facilities XVII 

Farms by kind of road XVIII 

Farm labor XVIII 

Fertilizer and lime XVIII 

Specified farm expenditures XIX 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Crops 

Page 

Crops harvested XIX 

Corn XLX 

Annual legumes XX 

Hay crops XX 

Field seed crops XX 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XX 

Berries and other small fruits XX 

Tree fruits , nuts , and grapes XX 

Nursery and greenhouse products XXI 

Forest products XXI 

Value of crops harvested XXI 

Value of crops sold XXI 



Irrigation 

Definition of irrigated land XXI 

Enumeration of irrigated land XXI 

Irrigated farms XXI 

Land in irrigated farms XXI 

Land irrigated XXI 

Farms irrigated by number of acres irrigated XXI 

Land irrigated by source of water XXI 



Land-Use Practices 

Summary information XXII 

Cropland in cover crops XXII 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the 

contour XXII 

Land in strip-cropping systems for soil-erosion control... XXII 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land XXII 



Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories XXII 

Milk cows, cows milked, milk produced, and butter XXII 

Whole milk and cream sold XXII 

Sows and gilts f arrowing XXII 

Sheep, lambs , and wool XXII 

Goats and mohair XXII 

Bees and honey XXII 

Value of livestock on farms XXII 

Sales of live animals XXII 

Sales of poultry and poultry products XXIII 



Classification of Farms 

Scope of classification XXIII 

Farms by size XXIII 

Farms by color of operator XXIII 

Farms by tenure ' of operator XXIII 

Farms by economic class XXIII 

Farms by type XXIV 

Value of farm products sold XXV 



(V) 



VI CONTENTS 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— Page 

1. —Farms , acreage, and value : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 3 

2. — Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 4 

3. — Farms and farm acreage, by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 6 

4. — Farm operators by color, age, residence, and off -farm work; and equipment and 

facilities on farms : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 7 

5. —Specified farm expenditures and farm labor: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 8 

6. — Livestock and poultry on farms, number and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 9 

7. — Livestock and livestock and poultry products sold: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 10 

8. — Farms reporting, acreage, quantity harvested, and sales of crops: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 11 

9. — Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 16 

10 Characteristics of places not counted as farms because of change in definition of farm: 1959 17 

11. —Date of enumeration: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 17 

12. — Farms reporting classified by number of livestock on farms and by quantity of livestock 

and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 18 

13. — Farms reporting classified by acres harvested, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for 

selected crops : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 19 

14 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by economic class of farm, Census of 1959 22 

15 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by type of farm, Census of 1959 24 

16.— Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by size of farm, Census of 1959 26 

17. — Farms and farm characteristics by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 28 

18. — Farms and farm characteristics of commercial farms by type of farm 

by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 38 

19. —Farms and farm characteristics by type of farm: Census of 1959 68 

20 Farms and farm characteristics by size of farm: Census of 1959 78 

21. — Farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator: Census of 1959 88 

22 Cash rent paid by cash tenants and share-cash tenants by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 118 

23 Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county and State by number of farms reporting, by levels 118 

24.— Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county and State totals for specified items 119 

Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 
County Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 122 

2.— Number of farms, land in farms, and cropland harvested, by size of farm: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 123 

3 Farms and farm acreage by tenure of operator : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 124 

4 Characteristics of commercial farms, Census of 1959 125 

5 Farms reporting by off -farm work; and farms by tenure of operator, type of farm, economic class of farm, 

and value of farm products sold , by source : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 126 

6. —Equipment and facilities on farms and farm labor : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 127 

7. — Use of fertilizer and lime on farms and farm expenditures: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 128 

8. — Livestock and poultry on farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 129 

9 Livestock and livestock products sold from farms and litters farrowed: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 130 

10 . —Dairy products and poultry and poultry products sold from farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 131 

11. — Farms reporting acreage and quantity of crops harvested: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 132 

12 . Nursery and greenhouse products and forest products cut on farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 137 

APPEND DC 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire 1^0 

Enumerator's Record Book 1^" 

Index to tables li6 



INTRODUCTION 

(VII) 



DELAWARE 

Counties, County Seats, and Rivers 




MAP NO. G-4 



INTRODUCTION 

THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



History of the Census. — The 1959 Census is the 17th nationwide 
agricultural census. The first agricultural census was taken in 
1840, at the same time as the Sixth Decennial Census of Popu- 
lation. From 1S50 to 1920, an agricultural census was taken 
every 10 years. With increased application of scientific findings 
and the growing use of mechanization in agriculture, farming 
practices were changing so rapidly that facts collected at 10-year 
intervals were no longer adequate. Aware of the need for more 
accurate and timely information, the Congress in 1909 (36 stat. 
10, sec. 31, provided for a census to be taken in 1915 and every 
10 years thereafter which was to be in addition to the census of 
agriculture to be taken at the time of the decennial census of 
population. The 1915 census was not taken, however, because 
of the abnormal conditions created by World War I. Beginning 
with 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken every 
5 years. 

legal Basis for the Census. — The 1959 Census of Agriculture 
was authorized by an Act of Congress, as were all prior censuses 
of agriculture. "Title 13, United States Code-Census," codified in 
Ausust 1954, and amended in August 1957 and September 1960, 
is now the legal basis for censuses of agriculture and other cen- 
suses, and surveys conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Sec- 
tion 142, paragraph (a), of Title 13 makes provision for the 
Census of Agriculture. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall, beginning in the month of October 
1959, and in the same month of every fifth year thereafter, take 
a census of agriculture, provided that the censuses directed to 
be taken in October 1959 and each tenth year thereafter, may, 
when and where deemed advisable by the Secretary, be taken 
instead in conjunction with the censuses provided in section 
141 of this title." (Section 141 relates to the decennial cen- 
suses of population, unemployment, and housing to be taken 
as of the first day of April of each decennial year.) Under 
authority granted by Section 4 of Title 13, the Secretary of 
Commerce delegated "the functions and duties imposed upon 
him by this title" to the Director of the Bureau of the Census. 

Pretest of the 1959 Census. — A "pretest" of the field procedures 
of the 1959 Census of Agriculture was conducted in 17 counties 
of the United States during the fall of 1958. The purpose of the 
pretest was to provide the Bureau with a measure of the effective- 
ness of the questions and procedures planned for the 1959 
nationwide census. Three versions of the agriculture question- 
naire^ — the first one for Northern States, the second for Southern 
States, and the third for Western States — were used in the pre- 
test Each version contained questions appropriate to the type 
of agriculture in the part of the country where it was used. All 
major aspects of field forms and procedures, from the hiring and 
training of crew leaders and enumerators to actual interviews 
with farm operators, were given a "trial run" in each of the 17 
counties. Preliminary versions of reporting forms, maps, pay- 
roll records, training guides, and instruction manuals were sub- 
jected to actual use under conditions simulating those expected 
in the nationwide enumeration conducted in the fall of 1959. 

In making final preparations for the 1959 census, the staff of 
the Bureau drew heavily on the results of the pretest, as well as 
on experience gained from previous censuses. 

Training Program for Personnel for Enumeration. — Every per- 
son hired to do work in connection with the 1959 Census of Agri- 
culture received specialized training for his job. Staff mem- 

563128—60 



bers of the Washington and Regional Offices of the Bureau and 
of the U.S. Department of Agriculture trained approximately 110 
agriculture field assistants and 2,100 crew leaders. The crew 
leaders, in turn, trained and supervised approximately 30,000 
enumerators. All training was presented according to procedures 
contained in various guides and manuals prepared by the Bureau. 
The training program included filmstrips, map-reading, practice 
interviewing, and practice filling of questionnaires and other 
census forms. In most instances, training sessions were held 
near the areas in which employees worked and immediately prior 
to the beginning of their assignments. 

Enumeration Period.— The actual enumeration in the conter- 
minous United States (see page XIV) started at dates varying 
from October 7 to November 18, 1959. In general, starting dates 
were based upon regional variations in harvesting seasons and 
on weather conditions. The primary aim was to have the 
enumeration late enough to follow the harvesting of the bulk 
of Important crops and early enough to precede the advent of 
winter weather with the attending unfavorable travel conditions. 
The bulk of the enumeration work was completed within three 
to four weeks after the starting date. In Hawaii, the enumera- 
tion was made during the months of December 1959 and January 
1960 ; and in Alaska, during April 1960. 

Enumeration starting dates for the censuses of 1959 and 1954 
are given in State table 11, together with figures showing the 
percentage of farms enumerated in the State during weekly pe- 
riods. The average enumeration date for the 1959 census for 
each county is given in county table 6. 

Data for inventory items — land in farms, machinery and equip- 
ment, livestock, and poultry — relate to the situation at the actual 
time of enumeration of each individual farm. Data for acres, 
production, and sales of crops relate generally to the crops har- 
vested during the crop year 1959. regardless of whether and when 
they were sold while data for sales of livestock and livestock 
products relate to the calendar year 1959. Since the enumera- 
tion was made before the end of 1959, special emphasis was 
placed upon the inclusion of estimates for crops yet to be sold 
and for livestock and livestock products expected to be sold in 
the period from the time of enumeration to the end of the cal- 
endar year. Instructions on the questionnaire and the wording 
of questions were designed to assure that full crop-year or 
calendar-year data would be reported. For example, "How much 
of this year's crop was or will be sold?" 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization.— Section 5 of Title 13 of the United States Code 
authorizes the preparation of forms and questionnaires used In 
the census. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary sha.ll prepare schedules, and shall determine 
the inquiries, and the number, form, and subdivisions thereof, 
for the statistics, surveys, and censuses provided for in this 
title." 

The Agriculture Questionnaire. — The questionnaire for the 1959 
Census of Agriculture was prepared by the staff of the Bureau. 
Selection of the inquiries was based on the results of the 1958 
pretest and experience gained in earlier censuses. Careful con- 
sideration was given to such factors as the current availability 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



of data from other sources, the possibility of obtaining data by 
methods other than a census, the adequacy of the data that might 
be obtained, and the need for and usefulness of the data. Two 
committees gave advice and counsel to the Bureau. One of these, 
a Special Advisory Committee, was composed of members desig- 
nated by the organizations they represented, 'following an invita- 
tion from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to name a 
representative to serve in an advisory capacity. The Special 
Advisory Committee for the 1959 Census of Agriculture was 
made up of one representative from each of the following : Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, American Association of Land- 
Grant Colleges and State Universities, American Farm Bureau 
Federation, American Farm Economic Association, American 
Statistical Association, Farm Equipment Institute, National As- 
sociation of Commissioners, Secretaries, and Directors of Agri- 
culture, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, National 
Farmers' Union, National Grange, Rural Sociological Society, 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A representative of 
the Bureau of the Budget was in attendance at all meetings of 
the Advisory Committee. 

Because of the special interest of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture in censuses of agriculture, the Director of the Bureau 
of the Census sought the continuous cooperation of that organiza- 
tion in developing plans, questionnaires, and procedures for the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. Working Groups were established 
in the U.S. Department of Agriculture to make recommendations 
for the following general subjects : 

Tenure, Land Values, and Mortgage Debt 

Land Use and Conservation and Production Practices 

Field Crops 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Forest Products 

Livestock, Poultry, and Dairy 

Income and Expenditure (including Contractual Operations) 

Farm Labor 

Equipment and Facilities (including Structures) 

Each Working Group had the responsibility for ascertaining 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture's need for data in the field 
covered by its "terms of reference" and for presenting recom- 
mendations to a small Joint Committee comprising representa- 
tives of both the Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. The Joint Committee received written recom- 
mendations from each Working Group. The Chairman of each 
Group appeared before the Joint Committee as did any member 
of the Working Group who was needed to present supplemental 
information of a specialized nature. 

Prior to the formulation of the questionnaire, State Agricul- 
tural Colleges and other major users of census data were invited 
to suggest inquiries for the enumeration. Each member of the 
Special Advisory Committee had the opportunity and the respon- 
sibility for channeling in suggestions from the organization he 
represented. The number of inquiries submitted from all sources 
greatly exceeded the number that could be included in the census, 
from the point of view of cost, of the respondent's time and 
patience, and of practical value to the majority of users of data. 

The final selection included 316 questions, some of which con- 
sisted of several parts, for the 48 States comprising the con- 
terminous United States. Although each of the 316 questions 
was asked in one or more of the 48 States, considerably less than 
this total was asked in any one State because of the use of "State" 
questionnaires. Moreover, about 50 questions out of the total 
were asked of approximately one-fifth of all farm operators in 
the State. The number of questions ranged from 159 on the 
questionnaire for Maine to 194 on the questionnaire for Cali- 
fornia. In all, 38 versions of the questionnaire — one for each 
State or combination of adjoining States and two for Texas — 



were used for the 1959 census in the conterminous United States 
as compared with 21 versions in 1954 and 41 in 1950. A separate 
version was used in Alaska and another in Hawaii. 

Differences in the questionnaires were designed to account 
for regional and local differences in agriculture. Most, but not 
all, of the differences related to crops. The use of State ques- 
tionnaires made possible the inclusion of separate inquiries for 
all important crops grown within a State and, at the same 
time, a reduction in the total number of inquiries for a State. 
Questions that did not apply, to any considerable degree, to a 
particular State were omitted from the questionnaire used in 
that State. For example, separate questions about citrus fruits 
were omitted from all questionnaires except for the few States 
where citrus fruits are grown. An added advantage of State 
questionnaires was that production and sales data could be asked 
in the unit of measure most commonly used by the farmers in 
each State. Regional variation in the number and type of ques- 
tions is an important provision of the census for obtaining com- 
plete coverage of agricultural operations. 

About 2 weeks before the start of the enumeration, agricul- 
ture questionnaires were mailed to most households in rural 
areas. A letter was attached to each questionnaire asking the 
farm operator to fill the questionnaire and to give it to the enu- 
merator when he called. The purpose of this procedure was 
to save time and money in taking the census and to improve the 
quality of the information given by farm operators. By having 
the questionnaire ahead of time, the farmer could determine what 
information would be required and could check his records in 
advance of the enumerator's visit. It was, however, the respon- 
sibility of the enumerator to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each place which qualified. If the questionnaire had been filled 
out by the farm operator, the enumerator was instructed to 
examine the questionnaire for completeness and accuracy and, 
if need be, to give the farmer such help as might be necessary. 

Agricultural Operations. — The training of enumerators stressed 
the concept that a census of agriculture is a census of agricultural 
operations rather than a census of farms. This concept was in- 
tended to assure a complete agricultural census free of any per- 
sonal judgment by enumerators as to what constitutes a farm. In 
accordance with clearly defined procedures, an enumerator was 
required to obtain an agriculture questionnaire for each person 
who had charge of one or more agricultural operations, whether 
or not he considered himself to be a farm operator. For enu- 
meration purposes, it was considered that there were agricul- 
tural operations on a place if, at any time in 1959 — . 

a. Any livestock (hogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, or mules) 
were kept on the place. 

b. A combined total of 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and ducks 
were kept on the place. 

c. Any grain, hay, tobacco, or other field crops were grown on 
the place. 

d. A combined total of 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and 
nut trees were on the place. 

e. Any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
were grown on the place for sale. 

As a result of the requirement that all places having agri- 
cultural operations be enumerated, more questionnaires were 
obtained than are included in the tabulations for farms. During 
the office processing operations that followed the completion of 
enumeration, criteria were applied to the questionnaires to sort 
out for tabulation those that represented farms according to 
the census definition of a farm (see page XIV). 

Enumeration Assignments and Enumeration Districts. — To as- 
sure a complete enumeration within the time allotted, the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) was divided into 29,374 
Enumerstion Assignments, or EA's. Each EA comprised an 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



area that one enumerator could reasonably be expected to canvass 
within a 3- to 4-week period, as indicated by performance rec- 
ords from the 1054 census. 

Each EA was made up of one or more Enumeration Dis- 
tricts, or "ED's," as the geographic unit for enumeration. Prior 
to the enumeration, the ED's were classified into three groups 
on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the number 
of farms, as indicated by the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the 
1950 Census of Population and Housing, current population esti- 
mates, and highway maps showing culture which were basic 
to establishing the boundaries of each assignment. Through the 
use of different canvassing procedures for each group of ED's, 
the Bureau was able to reduce the cost of enumeration without 
running any material risk of missing any farms or other places 
with agricultural operations. The ED groupings and canvassing 
procedures are described below. 

Group I Enumeration Districts. — In general, ED's with no 
well-defined cluster of dwellings were considered to be open- 
country areas and comprise Group I. For each ED of Group 
I, in his Enumeration Assignment, the enumerator was required 
to list in his Record Book the name of every head of household 
living in the ED and also the name of every person not living 
in the ED who had agricultural operations there. There were 
approximately 20,751 ED's in Group I for the 1959 Census. 

Group II Enumeration Districts. — Rural ED's in which the 
number of dwellings was large in relation to the number of 
farms were considered to be in Group II. For each ED, In 
Group II, the enumerator was required to list the head of the 
household for all dwellings in the ED except for those on less 
than one acre of ground in built-up residential areas of 50 or 
more dwellings. He was also required to determine, by obser- 
vation or local inquiry, whether there were any farms or other 
places with agricultural operations in the built-up areas and, 
if so, to obtain an agriculture questionnaire. There were 
approximately 7,979 ED's in Group II. 

Group III Enumeration Districts. — Most incorporated places 
and unincorporated villages having approximately 150 or more 
dwellings were designated as separate ED's and are classified 
as Group III. Also, most ED's in counties around large metro- 
politan areas were designated as Group III Ed's. Prior to 
the 1959 Census of Agriculture, places enumerated in these 
areas during the 1954 Census of Agriculture were listed in 
the Enumerator's Record Book. The enumerator was required 
to visit and enumerate or otherwise account for each place listed 
in his Record Book. In addition, he was instructed to ask at 
each of these places if there were any farms or other places with 
agricultural operations in the Enumeration District, and, if so, 
to add them to his list and enumerate them. There were ap- 
proximately 15,836 Group III ED's in 1959. According to the 
1954 Census, these ED's contained 380,575 farms. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised incorporated 
places or that were within an incorporated city were classified 
as Group I or Group II because they had a large number of farms. 
A few others, comprising extensive rural districts requiring con- 
siderable travel, were classified as Group III because they had 
only a small number of farms. 

Enumerator's Record Book. — Each enumerator received one or 
more Record Books containing a listing form for use during 
canvassing. (See appendix for facsimile of one page of list- 
ing form included in Enumerator's Record Book.) The lines 
on the listing form were numbered in consecutive order. Ex- 
cept as otherwise prescribed for Group II and Group III ED's, 
the enumerator listed in his Record Book the name of each head 
of household living in his assigned area and also the name 
of each person not living in his area who had agricultural opera- 
tions there. As he made his listing, he also asked the questions 
about agricultural operations that were printed on the listing 
form. Answers to these questions determined, for the enumerator, 
whether or not an agriculture questionnaire was required for the 
person listed and, if so, whether he or some other enumerator 
was responsible for getting it. Thus, the Record Book served 
as an important aid to the enumerator in securing complete cov- 
erage of all agricultural operations within his area. At the same 



time, it helped to prevent enumeration of the same place by two 
or more enumerators. 

Enumeration Maps. — As a second aid to getting complete cover- 
age, each enumerator received a map or, in a few exceptional 
cases, a brief written description of the area assigned to him 
for enumeration. He was required to plan and follow an orderly 
route of enumeration within the boundaries of his assigned area 
in accordance with established canvassing procedures. As the 
enumerator listed a place in his Record Book, he indicated its 
location by copying onto his map the number of the line on which 
he listed it. This numbering system indicated the enumerator's 
route of travel, and helped both the enumerator and his crew 
leader to determine the extent of coverage of the enumerator's 
assignment at any given time. 

lists of Special and Large Farms. — Prior to the enumeration, a 
card list of "special and large farms" was prepared on the basis 
of records obtained from the 1954 census and from Federal and 
State agricultural agencies. In general, "special and large farms" 
fell into one of three categories: (1) farms having unusually 
large acreages, livestock inventories, or annual sales as indi- 
cated by available records; (2) farms known to be specializing 
in such operations as broiler production, turkey growing, feed 
lots, nursery or greenhouse production, cranberry bogs, citrus 
groves, etc.; (3) farms that might easily be overlooked because 
they had absentee operators or were not locally thought of as 
farms, such as institutions, Indian reservations, grazing associa- 
tions, etc. 

Enumerators were given the cards for the special and large 
farms within their assignment areas to use as aids to obtaining 
complete coverage. Generally, the cards provided insurance 
against the omission of farming units that could have a signifi- 
cant effect on the totals for a given county or State. The enu- 
merator was instructed to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each special or large farm in his area or to write an explana- 
tion on the card as to why an agriculture questionnaire was not 
required on the basis of 1959 operations. The crew leader had 
a duplicate set of cards for use in checking enumeration coverage. 

Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire. — As in several previous cen- 
suses, a special landlord-tenant questionnaire was used in some 
parts of the South as a supplement to the agriculture question- 
naire. Its purpose was to help the enumerator get complete 
and accurate coverage of individually operated tracts of land 
that were actually part of one operating unit under the control 
of one landlord. To accomplish this purpose, the enumerator was 
required to fill a landlord-tenant questionnaire for each landlord 
who had any land worked on shares. The entries made in this 
questionnaire included the name of each sharecropper, tenant, or 
renter ; the amount of land assigned to each ; and the acreage and 
quantity of crops harvested on shares. By checking these entries 
against the agriculture questionnaires obtained for the individual 
operators, the enumerator and the Central Office could verify that 
each part of the operating unit controlled by the landlord was 
enumerated and that it was enumerated only once. The landlord- 
tenant questionnaire was used in 386 counties In the 1959 census 
as compared with approximately 900 counties in 1954. 

Township Sketch Map. — In some areas of the Great Plains, a 
considerable portion of land is farmed by nonresident operators — 
that is, by persons who do not live on the land they operate or 
who live on it only during part of the year. Enumerators in these 
areas used a special mapping form, the Township Sketch, in 
addition to their enumeration maps as an aid to obtaining com- 
plete coverage. Each township included on the sketch was 
identified by township and range number and was divided into 
144 small squares. In a standard section of 640 acres, each 
square represented a quarter section of land, or 160 acres. As 
the enumerator canvassed his assignment area, he indicated the 
acreage and location of each farm, ranch, and tract of nonfarm 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



land by drawing its boundaries on the sketch. He also used a 
simple numbering system as a cross reference between the agri- 
cultural land identified on the sketch and the questionnaire on 
which it was reported. The Township Sketch was used in all 
counties of North Dakota and South Dakota and in selected 
counties of Colorado, Kansas, Minnespta, Montana, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 

Field Review of Enumerator's Work. — In the 1959 census, 
greater emphasis was placed on a detailed review of enumerators' 
work during enumeration than had been the case in previous 
censuses. The objective was to detect and correct enumeration 
errors as early as possible in order to achieve and maintain a 
high quality of individual performance. Starting on the first day 
of enumeration and continuing throughout the enumeration 
period, each crew leader was instructed to make regular and 
frequent visits to his enumerators. At each visit, he was to 
follow a clearly defined procedure for observing the enumerator's 
conduct of interviews and for checking his listings, maps, ques- 
tionnaires, and other forms for accuracy and completeness. 

As an aid to checking coverage and enumerator efficiency, the 
crew leader was given a list containing estimates, based on the 
1954 census, of the number of questionnaires required in each 
enumeration assignment area within his district, and of the 
mileage and time required to obtain those questionnaires. 

SAMPLING 

Use of Sampling.— In the 1959 census, as in several previous 
censuses, sampling was used in two ways : for enumeration and 
for tabulation. Sampling in enumeration consisted of the col- 
lection of information about the items included in sections IX 
through XV of the questionnaire for only a sample of farms. 
The "sample" items relate to sales of dairy products and sales of 
livestock, use of fertilizer and lime, farm expenditures, land-use 
practices, farm labor, equipment and facilities, rental agreements, 
farm values, and farm mortgage debt. The same sample of farms 
was used for tabulations by type of farm and by economic class 
of farm and for many of those by size of farm and by color and 
tenure of operator. 

Description of the Sample.— The sample used for the 1959 Census 
of Agriculture consisted of all farms with a total area of 1,000 
or more acres or with estimated sales of $100,000 or more in 1959, 
and approximately 20 percent of all other farms. Farms with 
1,000 or more acres were universally included in the sample 
during enumeration. As the enumerator filled the questionnaire, 
he determined the number of "acres in this place" (see question 7 
of the agriculture questionnaire). If the acreage amounted to 
1,000 or more he was required to fill sections IX through XV of 
the questionnaire. Farms with less than 1,000 acres, with esti- 
mated sales of $100,000 or more, were included in the sample 
during the office processing. For these farms the information for 
sections IX through XV was obtained by mail. 

The selection of farms of less than 1,000 acres for inclusion in 
the sample was made during enumeration, according to the fol- 
lowing procedure: As the enumerator determined that he was 
required to obtain a questionnaire, he assigned a number to it, 
whether or not he was able to obtain the questionnaire on his 
first visit. He assigned numbers in consecutive order, beginning 
with "1" for the first questionnaire required in each enumera- 
tion district within his area. He was instructed to fill sections 
IX through XV on all questionnaires for which the assigned 
number ended in "2" or "7" (i.e. 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, etc.). 

Adjustment of the Sample. — An adjustment in the part of the 
sample that was comprised of farms of less than 1,000 acres and 
with estimated sales of less than $100,000 was made by a process 
essentially equivalent to stratifying the farms in the sample by 



size of farm. The purpose of this adjustment was to Improve 
the reliability of the estimates based on the sample and to reduce 
the effects of possible biases introduced by enumerators who de- 
viated from the prescribed procedure for selecting the sample 
farms. The adjustment procedure was carried out for "blocks" 
of counties, each consisting of from one to ten counties in a State. 
To adjust the sample, separate counts were made for each county, 
and for the block of counties of all farms and of farms in the 
sample for each of 10 size-of-farm groups based on the "acres 
in this place" (question 7). The 10 size-of-farm groups were as 
follows: under 10 acres, 10 to 49 acres, 50 to 69 acres, 70 to 99 
acres, 100 to 139 acres, 140 to 179 acres, ISO to 219 acres, 220 
to 259 acres, 260 to 499 acres, and 500 to 999 acres. Farms of less 
than 1,000 acres, but with value of sales of $100,000 or more, 
were excluded from these counts. For each size-of-farm group, 
the number of farms in the sample for the block of counties was 
adjusted to make it equal or approximately equal to the total 
number of farms divided by five. This was accomplished for 
each group by the elimination or duplication on a random basis, 
of farms in those counties where the difference between the 
actual proportion in the sample and the expected 20 percent was 
in the same direction as the difference for the block of counties. 

Estimation of Totals for the Sample. — For the items included 
in the sample part of the questionnaire (sections IX through 
XV), estimated totals for all farms were derived from the tabu- 
lated totals for the farms in the adjusted sample. First, item-by- 
item totals, as tabulated for that part of the sample comprising 
farms of less than 1,000 acres and with estimated sales of less 
than $100,000, were multiplied by 5. These estimated item-by- 
item totals were then added to the corresponding item totals, as 
tabulated, for all farms of 1,000 acres and over and farms with 
estimated sales of $100,000 and over. The resulting values 
represent the estimated totals for all farms. 

Presentation of Sample Data. — In tables where a small amount 
of data based on the sample farms is presented together with 
data for all farms, the data based on the sample are printed in 
italics. Other tables contain headnotes explaining that most 
of the data are estimates based on reports for only a sample 
of farms. 

Reliability of Estimates. — The estimated totals for all farms of 
the items enumerated for only the sample farms are subject 
to sampling errors. The estimated totals obtained by making 
tabulations for only the farms included In the sample are also 
subject to sampling errors. State tables 23 and 24 contain ap- 
proximate measures of the sampling reliability of the estimates 
for numbers of farms reporting and for item totals. While these 
measures indicate the general level of sampling reliability of the 
estimates, they do not completely reflect errors arising from 
sources other than sampling; for example, errors in the original 
data reported by farmers. Errors arising from sources other than 
sampling may, in some Instances, be relatively more important 
than sampling variation, especially for county totals. 

The general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals 
may be determined from the data in State tables 23 and 24. State 
table 24 contains a list of items, together with a figure for each 
item indicating one of the four levels of sampling reliability that 
are presented In State table 23. For each item the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be de- 
termined from State table 23, in the column for the level of 
sampling reliability designated in State table 24. To determine 
the sampling reliability for any Item, reference must be made to 
State table 24 to find out which of the four levels of sampling 
reliability given in State table 23 should be used, and also the 
appropriate county or State tab!, to obtain the number of farms 
reporting the item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



As explained in State table 23, the level of sampling reliability 
designated as level 1 should always be used to determine the 
sampling reliability of estimated numbers of farms or of farms 
reporting. 

State table 23 shows percentage limits such that chances are 
about 68 out of 100 that the difference between an estimate based 
on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained from 
a tabulation of all farms would be no more than the percentage 
specified for the estimated number of farms reporting that item. 
The chances are about 99- out of 100 that the difference would be 
less than 2V4 times the percentage specified. 

As indicated by the percentages in State table 23, the smaller 
the number of farms reporting a given item, the larger the relative 
sampling error in the estimated total for that item. Even so, 
considerable detail is presented for each item, by several classifi- 
cations of farms, in order to permit the appraisal of estimates 
for various combinations of items not shown in this report. Per- 
centages and averages that may be derived from the tables will 
generally have greater relative reliability than the corresponding 
estimated totals. However, significant patterns of relationships 
may be observed in the estimated totals even though the Indi- 
vidual data are subject to relatively large sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample of farms 
for the 1954 census were obtained in essentially the same way as 
in 1959. Therefore, State tables 23 and 24 may also be used to 
determine the sampling errors for the 1954 data. 

Differences in Data Resulting From Differences in Tabulating 
Procedures. — Many of the figures in the detailed State tables rep- 
resent estimates obtained by tabulating only the sample farms. 
The totals for these detailed distributions will generally differ 
somewhat from totals presented in other tables obtained from 
different distributions which were tabulated on a 100 percent 
basis. Moreover, although most of the figures presented by coun- 
ties were obtained from tabulations of all farms, the data in 
county table 4 for commercial farms, and all of the data in the 
county tables on dairy products and livestock sold, fertilizer and 
lime, farm expenditures, land-use practices, farm labor, facilities 
and equipment, and value of land and buildings were estimated 
for each county on the basis of data tabulated for the farms in 
the sample. The State totals in the county tables for these items, 
though based also on the sample, were obtained in a different 
series of tabulating runs, and so may differ slightly from totals 
presented in some State tables. For reasons of economy the 
sample distributions were not adjusted to the 100 percent totals 
even when such totals were available, nor were slight discrepan- 
cies resulting from different runs of the sample data always rec- 
onciled unless the differences were large enough to affect the 
usefulness or reliability of the data. 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of Enumeration. — As an enumerator completed his 
assignment, he turned the portfolio containing questionnaires and 
other census materials over to his crew leader. After making 
a final review of the enumerator's work, the crew leader mailed 
the portfolio to the Agriculture Processing Office at Parsons, 
Kansas. There, each enumerator portfolio was thoroughly 
checked for completeness of all required forms and for correct 
application of the sampling procedure. 

Editing of Questionnaires. — Each agriculture questionnaire was 
individually edited and coded before the information was trans- 
ferred to punch cards and tabulated. As the first major step In 
the editing process, questionnaires that did not represent farms 
according to the census definition were withdrawn from fur- 



ther processing. (See p. XIV.) As the second major step, the 
remaining questionnaires were examined for errors, omissions, 
and inconsistencies. Among the specific items subjected to con- 
sistency checks were the following : 

a. Total acreage compared with its distribution by use. 

b. Acreage of individual crops harvested compared with total 
cropland harvested. 

c. Irrigated acreage compared with total acres in the farm. 

d. Total acreage of individual crops for all purposes compared 
with the acreage harvested for specific purposes. 

e. Quantity of crops harvested In relation to acreage harvested. 

f. Sales in relation to production and, for livestock, to inven- 
tories. 

g. Total livestock compared with the inventory by age and sex. 
h. Expenditures compared with production and inventories. 

Obvious errors in calculations or in units of measure, and 
misplaced entries were corrected as they were found. Entries 
not clearly legible were rewritten. Many omissions or incon- 
sistencies were disregarded during editing. Those of significant 
magnitude could be and were handled more efficiently and eco- 
nomically during mechanical processing operations. Question- 
naires containing major inconsistencies and omissions were re- 
ferred to members of the technical staff for review. Depending 
on the magnitude of the data involved, the technical staff cor- 
rected (or supervised the correction of) the questionnaires either 
on the basis of information reported for other farms of similar 
type in the area or on the basis of additional information re- 
ceived in response to letters directed to the farm operators. 

Coding of Questionnaires. — Most of the numerical information 
on a questionnaire was self-coding in that the inquiry number 
was utilized for the item identification on punch cards or on 
tabulations runs. However, some manual coding was also neces- 
sary for such items as irrigated crops for selected States, crops 
infrequently reported, miscellaneous poultry, etc. Code numbers 
were entered on questionnaires to classify farms and, in some 
cases, to identify data for individual items. All farms were coded 
by size of farm in terms of total acreage, by race, and by tenure 
of operator. Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, and 
Hawaii were also coded on the basis of irrigated cropland and 
irrigated pasture. Additional codes were applied to all farms 
included in the sample to classify them by type of farm and by 
total value of agricultural products sold. Individual items were 
coded only where reports were received for crops or poultry not 
covered by separate inquiries on the questionnaire. This coding 
was necessary to assure inclusion of the data in the appropriate 
farm product totals. 

Tabulation of Data. — After the questionnaires were edited and 
coded, the information on them was punched on cards. The cards 
were then mechanically sorted and fed into machines which 
transferred the data to tabulation sheets. One of the initial 
and primary steps in the machine handling of the punch cards 
was to separate and list those cards which lacked necessary in- 
formation, those which contained inconsistent or impossible data, 
and those on which the data were possible but of such magnitude 
that a further review of the individual questionnaires was war- 
ranted. The listing sheets were examined and, as necessary, the 
cards were corrected. When the cards for a particular county 
were considered satisfactory, the data were tabulated. 

Subject-matter specialists of the Bureau and the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture examined all tabulations for reasonableness 
and consistency. As necessary, they made corrections on the basis 
of a further review and reappraisal of the original reports and 
verification of the editing, coding, and punching. 



XIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical Content of This Report. — This report is part of Vol- 
ume I of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. Volume I consists of 
54 parts, each part containing information about agriculture for 
a single State, Commonwealth, or Possession. Each part con- 
tains county data for that particular State or area. The term 
"county," as used in this report embraces election districts in 
Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, municipios (municipalities) in 
Puerto Rico, etc. The statistics for 1959 were obtained from the 
Census of Agriculture taken in the "conterminous United States" 
(see following paragraph), Hawaii, and Puerto Rico during the 
period October 1959 to January 1960 and in Alaska, American 
Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands as of April 1, 1960. Compara- 
tive data for years prior to 1959 were obtained from earlier 
censuses. 

In the planning of the publications for the 1960 Censuses of 
Population and Housing and the 1959 Census of Agriculture, the 
term "conterminous United States," recommended by the Board 
of Geographic Names to designate the 48-State area as it ex- 
isted before Alaska and Hawaii became States, was adopted by 
the Bureau of the Census. 

The definitions and explanations in this introduction for vol- 
ume I generally have application broad enough to include the 
States of Alaska and Hawaii, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico and the island possessions. However, specific application 
in many instances may be limited to the conterminous United 
States ; for example, references to earlier censuses, to the sam- 
pling methods and procedures, to specific sections or questions on 
the questionnaires, and to specific table' numbers. 

For each part of volume I (one part for each State or area), 
a facsimile of the appropriate questionnaire is reproduced in 
the appendix. 

The statistics for States and counties are presented according 
to the same general plan as was followed in the volume I re- 
ports for the 1954 and the 1950 censuses. State and county totals 
are given for nearly all items for which information was ob- 
tained in the 1959 census. However, most of the data by eco- 
nomic class of farm, type of farm, and color and tenure of farm 
operator are given only for States. 

Comparative data for the States are given for each census 
year beginning with 1920. Comparative data for counties are 
given for the years 1959 and 1954. For some items, the data 
obtained from the 1959 census are the only ones available. For 
comparative purposes 1950 data are carried in county table 6 
for the kind of road on which farms were located. 

Comparability of Data. — The data obtained from the various 
censuses of agriculture are not strictly comparable for all items. 
For example, differences from one census to another in the time 
of enumeration, the wording of the questions, and the definition 
of a farm ca^se some lack of comparability. Differences con- 
sidered to have a signifuani, effect on the comparability of data 
are described in the text and/or mentioned in footnotes to the 
tables. 

Minor Civil Divisions. — As in prior censuses, data for most of 
the items included in the 1959 Census of Agriculture were tabu- 
lated for minor civil divisions. The term "minor civil division" 
applies to the primary subdivision of a county into smaller geo- 
graphic areas such as townships, precincts, districts, wards, 
beats, municipalities, etc. Figures for these smaller geographic 
areas are not included in any of the published reports, but they 
may be supplied upon request and payment of the costs of com- 
piling and checking the data. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration assignment did not 
include more than one minor civil division, even in cases where 
the township, precinct, etc., did not have enough farms to provide 
a full workload for an enumerator. In 1954, and again in 1959, 



the aim was to make enumeration assignments large enough to 
keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 3- to 4-week 
period. Hence, in some areas, two or more adjoining minor civil 
divisions were combined into one enumeration assignment. An 
enumeration assignment never comprised the whole of one minor 
civil division and a part of another, nor a part of two or more 
minor civil divisions. A minor civil division that included too 
many farms for one enumerator to cover during the enumeration 
period was divided into two or more enumeration assignments. 

In some cases, the minor civil division tabulations provide totals 
for a single minor civil division, even when such totals required 
a grouping of enumeration assignments. In other cases, the minor 
civil division tabulations provide totals for a combination of 
two or more adjoining minor civil divisions. The data for each 
individual minor civil division included in such totals can be tab- 
ulated separately, however, since each questionnaire obtained in 
the census contains the designation of the minor civil division in 
which the farm headquarters was located. An additional charge 
must be made for a separate tabulation of any small area in- 
cluded in a total for two or more combined minor civil divisions. 

Requests for census information for minor civil divisions should 
be directed to the Agriculture Division, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D.C. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive Summary and References. — The definitions and ex- 
planations that follow relate only to those items that are con- 
sidered to be inadequately described in the tables where they 
appear. Although the descriptive terms and explanations refer 
specifically to the 1959 Census of Agriculture, many of them also 
apply to earlier censuses. Most of the definitions consist of a 
resume 1 of the questionnaire wording, supplemented by excerpts 
from instructions given to enumerators. For exact wording of 
the questions and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, see the facsimile of the 1959 Agriculture Questionnaire in 
the appendix of this report. 

An analysis of the questions asked in the 1959 census, and of 
the data obtained, is given in Volume II, General Report, Statis- 
tics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. The 
general report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Census Definition of a Farm. — For the 1959 Census of Agricul- 
ture, the definition of a farm was based primarily on a combina- 
tion of "acres in the place" and the estimated value of agricultural 
products sold. 

The word "place" was defined to include all land on which 
agricultural operations were conducted at any time in 1959 under 
the control or supervision of one person or partnership. (For 
definition of "agricultural operations", see p. X.) Control may 
have been exercised through ownership or management, or 
through a lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

Places of less than 10 acres in 1959 were counted as farms if 
the estimated sales of agricultural products for the year amounted 
to at least $250. Places of 10 or more acres in 1959 were counted 
as farms if the estimated sales of agricultural products for the 
year amounted to at least $50. Places having less than the $50 
or $250 minimum estimated sales in 1959 were also counted as 
farms if they could normally be expected to produce agricultural 
products in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of the 
definition. This additional qualification resulted in the inclusion 
as farms of some places engaged in farming operations for the 
first time in 1959 and places affected by crop failure or other 
unusual conditions. 

To avoid biases arising from an enumerator's personal judg- 
ment and opinion, the Bureau did not give enumerators the defini- 



INTRODUCTION 



XV 



tion of a farm. Instead, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
questionnaires for all places considered farms by their operators 
and for all other places that had one or more agricultural opera- 
tions. (See "Agricultural Operations", p. X.) In 1954, enumer- 
ators were instructed to fill questionnaires on the same basis as 
in 1959. In 1950, agricultural operations were defined to include 
every place of 3 or more acres, whether or not the operator con- 
sidered it a farm, and every place having "specialized operations", 
regardless of the acreage. "Specialized operations" referred to 
nurseries and greenhouses and to places having 100 or more 
poultry, production of 300 or more dozen eggs in 1949, or 3 or 
more hives of bees. In all of the three last censuses, as a result, 
questionnaires were filled for a considerable number of places 
that did not qualify as farms. The determination as to which 
questionnaires represented farms was made during office process- 
ing operations and only those questionnaires meeting the criteria 
for a farm were included in the tabulations. 

For both the 1950 and 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, places of 
3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of 
agricultural products, whether for home use or for sale but ex- 
clusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only if the 
annual sales of agricultural products amounted to $150 or more. 
A few places with very low agricultural production because of 
unusual circumstances, such as crop failure, were also counted as 
farms if they normally could have been expected to meet the 
minimum value or sales criteria. 

In the censuses from 1925 to 1945, enumerators were given a 
definition of "farm" and were instructed to obtain reports only 
for those places which met the criteria. According to this defini- 
tion, farms included all places of 3 or more acres, regardless of 
the quantity or value of agricultural production, and places of 
less than 3 acres if the value of agricultural products, whether 
for home use or for sale, amounted to $250 or more. Because of 
changes in price level, the $250 minimum resulted in the in- 
clusion of varying numbers of farms of less than 3 acres in the 
several censuses taken during this period. Generally, the only 
reports excluded from tabulation were those taken in error and 
those showing very limited agricultural production, such as only 
a small home garden, a few fruit trees, a small flock of chickens, 
etc. In 1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more were tabulated 
only if at least 3 acres were in cropland and/or pasture or if the 
value of products in 1944 amounted to at least $150. 

The decrease in the number of farms in 1950 and 1954, as com- 
pared with earlier censuses, was partly due to the change in 
farm definition, especially with respect to farms of 3 or more 
acres in size. Some of the places of 3 or more acres that were 
not counted as farms in 1950 and 1954 because the value of their 
agricultural production was less than $150 would have qualified 
as farms if the criteria had been the same as in earlier censuses. 

For 1959, the decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with all prior censuses resulted partly from the change in farm 
definition. The fact that sales of agricultural products in 1959 
was used resulted in the exclusion of some places that would 
have qualified as farms had the value of agricultural products 
alone been considered. The increase in the acreage minimum 
also had an effect. The reduction in the number of farms due 
to change in definition, 1954 to 1959, is shown for each county 
In county table 1. Some characteristics of the places not counted 
as farms in 1959, but which would have been included in 1954, 
are shown in State table 10. 

The change in farm definition made in 1950 and again in 1959 
had no appreciable effect on the totals for livestock or crops 
because the places affected by the change ordinarily accounted 
for less than 1 percent of the totals for a given county or State. 

For the States that comprise the conterminous United States, 
two figures are published for each county on the number of farms 



in 1959. One is an actual count of all farms and the other is an 
estimate based on the number of farms included in the sample. 
For almost every county there is a difference between the actual 
number of farms and the estimated number of farms. Because 
of sampling procedure and sampling variability, the number of 
farms in the sample seldom agrees exactly with the actual num- 
ber of farms. For most counties, the actual number of farms 
in the sample was either more or less than precisely 20 percent 
of all farms. Similarly, totals estimated on the basis of data 
for the sample farms may be slightly more or slightly less than 
the actual totals that would have been obtained had the data 
been tabulated for all farms. Therefore, the estimated number 
of farms reporting certain items may, in some instances, be 
greater than the total number of farms shown in county table 1. 
However, the estimated number of farms is given in county 
tables 5 and 6 so that estimates based on the sample farms may 
be related to the estimated rather than the actual number of 
farms. 

Farm Operator. — The term "farm operator" is used to designate 
a person who operates a farm, either doing tne work himself or 
directly supervising the work. He may be the owner, a member of 
the owner's household, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land worked on 
shares by others, he is considered as operator only of the land 
which he retains for his own operation. In the case of a partner- 
ship, only one partner is counted as an operator. The number of 
farm operators is considered to be the same as the number of 
farms. 

Farms Reporting or Operators Reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or operators, for which the speci- 
fied item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 farms 
in a county and only 1,465 had chickens 4 months old and over 
on hand at the time of enumeration, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be shown as 1,465. The difference be- 
tween the total number of farms and the number of farms re- 
porting a particular item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided a correct report was received for all 
farms. 

Where applicable, figures may be given for the number of farms 
or operators not reporting items that were intended to be ob- 
tained for all farms; for example, residence of farm operator, 
State table 4. The number not reporting, as compared with the 
total number of farms or operators, indicates the extent of 
incompleteness of the reporting of the data for the item. 

Land Area. — The approximate total land area of States and 
counties as reported for 1959 is, in general, the same as that re- 
ported for all censuses beginning with 1940. Such differences as 
are shown reflect political changes in boundaries or actual changes 
in land area caused by changes in the number or size of reser- 
voirs, lakes, streams, etc. For Alaska, the areas for election 
districts represent the gross area of land and water. 

Land in Farms. — Except for managed farms, the land to be in- 
cluded in each farm was determined from the answers to ques- 
tions about the number of acres owned, the number of acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and the number of 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres 
owned and the acres rented from others or worked on shares for 
others were first added together and then the acres rented to 
others or worked on shares by others were subtracted. The re- 
sult represented the number of acres in the farm. The number of 
acres in a managed farm was the difference between the total 
land managed and that part of the managed land that was rented 
to others or worked on shares by others. 

In the 1959, 1954, and 1950 censuses, enumerators were in- 
structed to record total figures for land owned, land rented from 
others, and land managed for others, including any part of the 
land that was rented to others. In censuses prior to 1950, enu- 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



merators were instructed to exclude all land rented to others and 
to record only that portion of the acreage owned, rented from 
others, or managed for others that was retained by the farm op- 
erator. Thus, the figures for the individual tenures of land are 
not entirely comparable for all censuses. However, the land in- 
cluded in each farm was determined on essentially the same basis 
for all censuses. 

The acreage designated in the tables as "land in farms" consists 
primarily of "agricultural" land — that is, land used for crops 
and pasture or grazing. It also includes considerable areas of 
land not actually under cultivation nor used for pasture or graz- 
ing. For example, the entire acreage of woodland and wasteland 
owned or rented by farm operators is included as land in farms, 
unless it was being held for nonagricultural purposes or unless 
the acreage was unusually large. For 1959 and 1954, if a place 
had 1,000 or more acres of woodland not pastured and wasteland, 
and if less than 10 percent of the total acreage in the place was 
used for agricultural purposes, the acreage of woodland not pas- 
tured and wasteland was reduced to equal the acreage used for 
agriculture. The procedure used in 1950 for excluding unusually 
large acreages of woodland not pastured and wasteland differed 
slightly from the one used in 1959 and 1954. In 1950, adjustments 
were made in places of 1,000 or more acres (5,000 or more in the 
17 Western States ) , if less than 10 percent of the total acreage was 
used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under government 
permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms 
provided the place of which it was a part was a farm. Grazing 
land operated by Grazing Associations was to be reported in the 
name of the person chiefly responsible for conducting the business 
of the Association. Land used rent free was to be reported as 
land rented from others. All land in Indian reservations that 
was used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be in- 
cluded. Land in Indian reservations that was not reported by 
individual Indians and that was not rented to non-Indians was 
to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the 
land. In some instances, an entire Indian reservation was re- 
ported as one farm. 

Land owned. — All land that the operator and/or his wife 
held under title, purchase contract, homestead law, or as heir 
or trustee of an undivided estate at the time of enumeration is 
considered as owned. 

land Rented from Others. — This item includes not only land 
that the operator rented or leased from others but also land 
he worked on shares for others and land he occupied rent free. 
Grazing land used under government permit or license is not 
included. 

Land Rented to Others. — This item includes all land rented or 
leased to others, except land leased to the government under the 
Soil Bank, and all land worked by others on shares or on a 
rent-free basis. For the most part, the land rented to others 
represents agricultural land but it also includes land rented 
for residential or other purposes. The tenant or sharecropper 
is considered as the operator of land leased, rented, or worked 
on shares even though his landlord may supervise his opera- 
tions. The landlord is considered as operator of only that por- 
tion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land Managed. — This item includes all tracts of land man- 
aged for one or more employers by a person hired on a salary 
basis. A hired manager was considered to be the operator of 
the land he managed since he was responsible for the agricul- 
tural operations on that land and frequently supervised others 
in performing those operations. Managed land was always to 
be reported on a separate questionnaire whether or not the 
manager also operated a farm on his own account. 

Land in Two or More Counties.— An individual farm was al- 
ways enumerated in only one county, even in cases where the 
land was located in two or more counties. If the farm operator 
lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated in the county where 
he lived. If he did not live on the farm, the figures for the 
farm were tabulated for the county where the farm head- 
quarters was located. In cases where there was any question as 
to the location of the headquarters, figures for the farm were 
tabulated for the county where most of the land was located. 



Land in Farms According to Use. — Land in farms has been 
distributed according to the way in which it was used in 1959. 
The land uses described in the following paragraphs are mutually 
exclusive; that is, each acre of land is included only once even 
though it may have had more than one use during the year. 

Cropland Harvested. — This category refers to all land from 
which any crops were harvested in 1959, whether for home use 
or for sale. It includes land from which hay (including wild 
hay) was cut and land in berries and other small fruits, or- 
chards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Matured crops 
hogged off or grazed were considered to have been "crops har- 
vested" and were reported here. Land from which two or 
more crops were harvested in 1959 was to be counted only once 
in the land-use classification. Land used for other purposes 
either before or after the crops were harvested was to be re- 
ported as cropland harvested, without regard to the other uses. 
The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the 
individual crops and subtracting the acreages from which two 
or more crops were harvested. This checking procedure was 
repeated during the office processing of questionnaires for all 
farms having 100 or more acres of cropland harvested. 

Cropland used only for Pasture. — This land-use classification 
includes rotation pasture and all other land used only for pas- 
ture or grazing that the operator considered could have been 
used for crops without additional improvement. Enumerators 
were instructed to include land planted to crops that were 
hogged off, pastured, or grazed before maturity but to exclude 
land pastured before or after hay or other crops were harvested 
from it. Permanent open pasture may have been reported 
either for this item or for "other pasture" depending on whether 
or not the operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last three censuses. For 1945, 
the figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for 1940, 1935, and 1925 are more nearly comparable 
with those for 1959, 1954, and 1950, however, because they in- 
clude land pastured that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating. 

Cropland not Harvested and not Pastured. — This classification 
represents a total of three subclasses for the 17 Western States 
and two subclasses for other States. 

Cultivated Summer Fallow. — This subclass of land is shown 
only for the 17 Western States. It refers to cropland that 
was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for the 1959 
harvest in order to control weeds and conserve moisture. 

Soil Improvement Grasses and Legumes. — For the 1959 cen- 
sus, land used only for cover crops to control erosion or to 
be plowed under for green manure is tabulated separately 
from "other cropland". After the establishment of the Soil 
Bank, land that would normally have been used for other 
purposes was frequently planted to soil-improvement crops. 
In counties where large acreages were placed in the Soil 
Bank, the total of land used for soil-improvement crops plus 
"other cropland" may be considerably larger than the "other 
cropland" shown for previous censuses. 

Other Cropland. — This subclass includes idle cropland, land 
in crops intended for harvest after 1959, and cropland not 
harvested because of complete crop failure, low prices, labor 
shortage, or other reasons. The 1959 figures for "other 
cropland" are not entirely comparable with those for previ- 
ous censuses since they do not include land used only for 
soil-improvement crops. (See preceding paragraph.) 
Woodland Pastured. — This classification includes all wood- 
land where livestock were pastured or grazed in 1959. The 
instruction on the questionnaire — "Include as woodland all 
wood lots and timber tracts ; cutover and deforested land 
which has value for wood products and has not been improved 
for pasture" — represents a somewhat more precise definition 
than the corresponding instruction contained on the 1954 ques- 
tionnaire. No definition of woodland was given in 1950 apart 
from an instruction to enumerators not to include brush pas- 
ture as woodland. Some of the changes in woodland acreages 
from one census to another may merely represent differences 
in interpretation as to what constitutes "woodland." 

Woodland not Pastured. — This classification refers to all 
woodland not used for pasture or grazing in 1959, including 
land in operated farms that was placed in the Soil Bank and 
planted to trees. Unusually large tracts of timberland that 
were reported as woodland not pastured were excluded from 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



the tabulation of land in farms When it was evident that such 
land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 

Other Pasture. — This classification refers to all land other 
than woodland and cropland that was used only for pasture 
or grazing in 195!). It includes noncrop open or brush pasture 
and cutover or deforested land that has been improved and 
used for pasture. The figures for the last three censuses are 
comparable but those for 1945 include all nonwoodlaud pas- 
ture that had not been plowed during the preceding seven 
years. For the 1940 census and earlier years, the figures are 
more nearly comparable with those for the last three censuses. 
However, the classification may be somewhat less inclusive 
because land that could have been plowed and used for crops 
without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was classi- 
fied as plowable pasture and included with "cropland used 
only for pasture". 

Improved Pasture. — This subclass refers to that portion of 
"other pasture" on which one or more of the following prac- 
tices had been used: liming, fertilizing, seeding, irrigating, 
draining, or the clearing of weed or brush growth. The fig- 
ures are comparable with those for 1954, when the question 
on improved pasture was asked for the first time. 
Other Land. — This classification refers to all land not in- 
cluded in the preceding land-use classifications, such as house 
lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, land area of ponds, and 
wasteland. This figure for 1959 was obtained from the ma- 
chine tabulations by subtracting the total of all other uses 
from the total land in all farms reported for a given county 
or classification. Hence, there is no figure given to represent 
the farms reporting this item. 

Value of Land and Buildings. — Only average values of land 
and buildings per farm and per acre are presented in this report. 
They are estimates based on data obtained for sample farms. 
Estimates of the total value of land and buildings by States, 
geographic divisions, and the United States, are presented in 
volume II. 

The enumerator was instructed to record the market value of 
the land and the buildings on that land. Market value was defined 
as the price which the farm operator would expect to receive for 
the land and buildings if he were to sell them on the day of 
enumeration. 

More problems and difficulties arise in the enumeration of farm- 
real-estate values than in the enumeration of most other agri- 
cultural items. Most of the items enumerated require the re- 
spondent to make a statement of fact. For example, information 
about the number and value of farm animals sold alive during the 
year is based on actual transactions. Similarly, information about 
livestock inventories relates to the situation existing on a spe- 
cific place at a specific time. Reports concerning the value of 
land and buildings, however, are estimates based almost entirely 
on opinion. The majority of farms have not changed hands for 
many years and are not currently for sale. For such farms, the 
operators are not likely to have any clear basis for estimating the 
value. To make an intelligent and objective estimate, a respond- 
ent first needs to make an estimate of the prevailing average 
market value of farms in his community. Then, he must either 
add to or subtract from that estimate to allow for the different 
characteristics of his own farm. In many cases, an operator who 
would not sell his farm under any circumstances may report an 
unreasonably high market value. In other cases, a farm operator 
who acquired his real estate during a period of relatively low 
prices may estimate an unrealistlcally low value by current stand- 
ards. Because of the extent of variation that is known to exist 
in real estate values, it is difficult to devise checking procedures 
that will identify inaccurate estimates. 

Age of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was derived 
from the sum of the ages of all farm operators reporting age 
divided by the number reporting. The number of farm operators 
65 or more years of age is an actual count based on the operators 
reporting age. 



Residence of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by resi- 
dence according to whether or not they lived on the farms they 
were operating. Some of those who did not live on the farms 
they operated themselves lived on farms operated by others. In 
cases where all the land was rented from others or worked on 
shares for others, the operator was considered to live on the farm 
operated provided the dwelling he occupied was included in the 
rental agreement. The dwelling, in such cases, was not neces- 
sarily on the land being operated. Similarly, a farm operator 
who did not live on the land being cultivated or grazed but who 
had some agricultural operations (other than a borne garden) 
at his dwelling was considered as living on the farm operated. 

Since some farm operators live on their farms only during 
a par; of the year, comparability of the figures for various cen- 
suses may be affected by the date of enumeration. 

In a few cases, the enumerator failed to report the residence of 
the farm operator. Differences between the total number of 
farms and the number of farm operators classified by residence 
indicate the extent of under-reporting. 

Tear Began Operating Present Farm. — Enumerators were in- 
structed to report the year during which a farm operator began 
to operate his present farm and, if the year was 1958 or later, 
also to report the month. The year was intended to refer to the 
first year of the period during which the operator had been in 
continuous charge of his present farm or of any part of It. The 
time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began operating their farms, as shown by a monthly breakdown 
of the reports for farmers who began operating their present 
farms during 1958 and 1959. 

Off-Farm Work and Other Income. — To obtain a measure of the 
extent to which farm operators rely on nonfarm sources for part 
of their income, four questions were asked of all farm operators. 
The first question asked for the number of days the operator 
worked off his farm in 1959. The other three questions, to be 
answered "Yes" or "No," asked (1) whether other members of the 
operator's household did any work off the farm ; (2) whether any 
income was received from sources other than the sale of agri- 
cultural products from the farm operated; and (3) whether the 
combined income of all members of the household from off -farm 
work and other sources was greater than the total value of agri- 
cultural products sold from the farm operated. 

Off-farm work was defined to include work on someone else's 
farm for pay as well as all types of nonfarm jobs, businesses, and 
professions, whether the work was done on the farm premises or 
elsewhere. Exchange work was not included. 

The questions asked in the 1959 Census are closely comparable 
with those asked in 1954. The data for 1959 are actual totals of 
all operators reporting off-farm work and other income whereas 
those for 1954 are estimated totals based on the sample. 

Equipment and Facilities. — In 1959 as in several earlier cen- 
suses, data about specified equipment and facilities were obtained 
for only a sample of farms. Farm operators were asked to report 
equipment and facilities that were on the farm at the time of enu- 
meration, regardless of ownership. They were to include items 
that were temporarily out of order but not any that were worn 
out. 

Data in terms of actual number were obtained for the follow- 
ing items of farm equipment in 1959 : (1) gi-aii. combines, (2) corn 
pickers, (3) pick-up balers, (4) field forage harvesters, (5) mo- 
tortrucks, (6) wheel tractors, (7) garden tractors, (8) crawler 
tractors, and (9) automobiles. Definitions given enumerators in- 
cluded the following specifications, among others : Corn pickers 
related to all types of machines used for picking corn, whether 
used in separate or in combined picking-shelling operations. 
Pick-up balers were to include both hand-tie and automatic balers 
but not stationary ones. Motortrucks were to include pick-up 
trucks and truck-trailer combinations; jeeps and station wagons 



XVIII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



were also to be included if they were used primarily as trucks, 
but school buses were specifically excluded. Wheel tractors spe- 
cifically excluded garden tractors, implements with built-in power 
units, such as self-propelled combines or powered buck rakes, and 
the power unit of a truck-trailer combination. Automobiles were 
to include jeeps and station wagons if they were used primarily 
as passenger cars. 

Questions to be answered "Yes" or "No" provided information 
as to the presence or absence of the following items: (1) tele- 
phone, (2) home freezer, (3) milking machine, (4) electric milk 
cooler, (5) bulk-type milk cooler (in six States only — Michigan, 
Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), 
(6) crop drier and (7) power-operated elevator, conveyor, or 
blower. 

Comparable data from one census to another are not available 
for all items. The questions asked about equipment during a 
given census reflect changes in farm mechanization and in the 
facilities available to farm families. Questions about some items 
of equipment were asked in 1959 for the first time (electric milk 
cooler, crop drier, bulk-type milk cooler, etc.). Similarly, some 
questions that were asked in earlier censuses were omitted in 
1959. For example, the use of electricity is now so widespread 
that there is no longer any need for obtaining a count of the 
farms having it. 

Farms by Kind of Road. — The classification of farms by the kind 
of road on which they are located is based on only a sample of 
farms. The enumerator was instructed to report, on the basis 
of his own observation, the kind of road on which the most 
frequently used entrance to the farm was located. For farms 
consisting of two or more tracts, he was to limit his report to the 
tract on which the farm operator had his dwelling or other 
headquarters. 

Farm Labor. — The questions about farm labor were asked only 
for the sample farms and related to persons working during 
the calendar week preceding the week of enumeration. Since 
the enumeration starting dates varied by geographic areas, and 
the enumeration within each area lasted over a period of several 
weeks, the calendar weeks to which the data apply also vary. 
Thus, the data for an individual farm may relate to any one 
week during the months of October, November, or December, or 
even, in a few instances, to weeks during September 1959 or 
January 1960. 

Farm labor was defined to include any work, chores, or planning 
necessary to the agricultural operations of the farm ; and to ex- 
clude housework, contract construction work, custom machine 
work, and repair, installation, or construction work done by per- 
sons employed specifically for such work. The farm labor in- 
formation contained in this report represents estimates based on 
answers to questions relating to the farm work or chores done 
during the week by (1) operator, (2) unpaid members of the 
operator's family, and (3) hired persons. An operator was 
considered as vorking if he worked one or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours ; and hired persons, if they worked at all during the week. 

Data are not fully comparable from one census to another, 
primarily because of differences in the period to which they relate. 
In 1954, the data were purposely related to either one of two 
calendar weeks, depending in part on the starting date set for 
the enumeration and in part on which week represented a period 
of peak employment within a given State. For the majority of 
States, the period specified was the week of September 26-October 
2 ; for other States, the week of October 24-30. 

In 1950, as in 1959, the data related to the week preceding the 
actual enumeration. Unlike 1959, however, enumeration starting 
dates were identical for all States in 1950 (April 1) but since 
several weeks were required to complete the enumeration, the 
calendar week preceding the enumeration was not identical for 



all farms. In 1945 and 1935, the number of farm workers related 
to the first week in January and, in 1940, to the last week in 
March. In 1945, 1940, and 1935, only persons working the equiv- 
alent of two or more days during the specified week were to be 
included. In 1945 and 1940, an additional specification limited 
the workers to those 14 years old and over. 

Experience gained from earlier censuses indicates that farm 
labor data are often unsatisfactorily reported unless the week 
specified is the week immediately preceding the actual enumer- 
ation. When a farm operator was asked to report the number of 
persons employed during a specified week that was several weeks 
prior to enumeration, he often reported the highest number of 
persons employed during the year. Obviously incorrect reports 
were adjusted to make the data reflect more nearly the situation 
known to exist during the specified week. The farm labor data 
for 1954 relates to a specified week which, in some cases, was sev- 
eral weeks prior to enumeration. Few adjustments were made 
in those data, however, even though there were indications of 
incorrect reporting. 

Regular and Seasonal Workers. — Hired persons working on 
the farm during the week concerned were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year. They were classed as "seasonal" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 
less than 150 days. In cases where the period of employment 
was not reported for an individual farm, it was estimated from 
data for such items as basis of payment, wage rates, expendi- 
tures for labor in 1959, and type of farming operations. 

Hired Workers by Basis of Payment. — Hired persons were 
also classified according to whether they were paid on a 
monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly basis, or by piecework. In 
cases of incomplete reporting, the basis of payment for hired 
workers was supplied during the office processing operations. 

Wage Rates and Hours Worked. — The agreed cash rate of pay 
was asked for each class of hired worker except those em- 
ployed on a piecework basis. (The number and the earnings of 
persons paid on a piecework basis were required for those who 
worked on Friday of the week preceding the enumeration.) 
The number of hours that workers were expected to work to 
earn their pay was asked for each class except those employed 
on an hourly or piecework basis. For 1959 and 1954, the data 
include office estimates for farms submitting incomplete reports 
of wage rates and hours worked. The estimates were consistent 
with the size and type of operations for the individual farm as 
compared with similar farms in the area for which complete 
reports were received. The corresponding data for 1950 apply 
only to farms that reported both wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and Lime. — The questions about fertilizer and lime, 
asked only for the sample farms, relate to the acreage on which 
fertilizer and lime were used and to the quantity used. Farm 
operators were asked to report total quantities used in 1959 on 
the farms they operated regardless of when or by whom the ferti- 
lizer and lime were purchased. In the South, some landlords 
who operated farms themselves included the fertilizer and lime 
they had purchased for use on their tenant-operated land. Such 
fertilizer and lime may also have been reported by the tenants. 
When double reporting was detected during the editing process, 
the data on the questionnaires concerned were adjusted to elim- 
inate duplication in the totals. 

The 1959 data for fertilizer and lime are entirely comparable 
with those for 1954. A breakdown between dry and liquid fer- 
tilizing materials was not obtained in 1954 and data on cost 
of either fertilizer or lime were not obtained in 1959. 

Fertilizer. — -The report for fertilizer was to refer only to com- 
mercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials, including rock 
phosphate. The acres fertilized and the tons of fertilizer ap- 
plied to those acres were obtained separately for selected crops. 
The selected crops varied by region so that it was possible to 
obtain detailed data for the crops most commonly fertilized 
in each region. In eases where the same land was used for 
more than one crop, the acres fertilized were to be reported 
separately for each crop. If the same crop was fertilized 
more than once, however, the acres in that crop were to be 
reported only once. In all cases, the total quantity of fer- 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



tilizer used in 1959 was to be reported, including quantities 
used on land occupied by crops planted in 1958 or by crops 
to be harvested in 1900. 

Reports for quantity of fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used were required for both dry and liquid materials. The 
terms "dry" and "liquid" referred to the form in which the 
fertilizers and fertilizing materials were purchased and not 
to the way in which they were applied. Thus, dry fertilizers 
were those purchased in dry or solid form, as powders, dusts, 
granules, pellets, etc. ; liquid fertilizers were those purchased 
in fluid form, as solutions or as liquefied gases. 

Lime. — The data for lime relate to the total acreage limed in 
1959 and the total tonnage of lime and liming materials used 
on those acres for purposes of conditioning the soil. Instruc- 
tions on the questionnaire stated that ground limestone, hy- 
drated and burnt lime, marl, and oyster shells were to be 
included but that lime used for spraying or sanitation purposes 
was to be omitted. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table 
may be less than the tonnage reported for the Agriculture Con- 
servation Program or the Conservation Reserve Program of 
the Soil Bank. Differences may be due either to sampling 
error or to under-reporting by farm operators. Many of the 
differences are minimized or eliminated entirely in the data 
presented on a State or regional basis. 

Specified Farm Expenditures. — The data for farm expenditures 
are estimates based on reports obtained from the sample farms. 
The 1959 questionnaire contained questions for six items of farm 
expenditure: (1) purchase of feed for livestock and poultry, 
(2) purchase of livestock and poultry, (3) machine hire, 
(4) hired labor, (5) seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, and (6) gaso- 
line and other petroleum fuel and oil. With the exception of 
items (2) and (5), exactly the same questions were asked in 
1954. For each item specified, the total expenditures made for 
the farm in 1959 were to be reported, whether made by the 
farm operator, his landlord, or both. A farm operator who 
rented part of his land to others was to report only the ex- 
penditures for the land he operated himself. Enumerators were 
instructed to ask respondents who had difficulty estimating 
their expenses for the period between enumeration and the end 
of the year to estimate them on the basis of current costs. 

Feed. — The report on feed purchased for livestock and poultry 
was to include expenditures for grain, hay, millfeeds, pasture, 
salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements as 
well as for the grinding and mixing of feed. The estimated 
cost of items furnished by a landlord, contractor, or other 
owner for feeding poultry and livestock kept on the farm was 
also to be included. Payments made by a tenant to his land- 
lord for feed grown on the tenant farm were to be excluded. 

livestock and Poultry. — The cost of baby chicks and turkey 
poults was to be included in the expenditures made for the 
purchase of livestock and poultry. Enumerators were in- 
structed to ask the farm operator to include the cost or esti- 
mated purchase value of poultry and livestock provided by 
others and cared for by the operator under a contract feeding 
arrangement. The cost of livestock purchased for resale within 
30 days was not to be included. A short-term transaction of 
that nature was considered to be a dealer operation, not an 
agricultural one. 

Data on the purchase of livestock and poultry were not ob- 
tained in 1954. The instructions for the 1950 census specified 
that expenditures for domestic rabbits, fur-bearing animals 
kept in captivity, and bees were to be included. Any lack of 
comparability in the 1950 and 1959 data resulting from inclu- 
sion or exclusion of rabbits, fur-bearing animals, or bees is 
considered to be so slight as to be insignificant 

Machine Hire. — Expenditures for machine hire relate to cus- 
tom machine work, such as tractor hire, threshing, grain or 
seed combining, silo filling, baling, cotton picking, cotton gin- 
ning, corn picking, plowing, vegetable harvesting, fruit pick- 
ing, spraying, and dusting. Any amount spent for the labor 
included in the cost of machine hire was to be considered as 
part of the total expenditure. The cost of freight or trucking 
and exchange work without pay were to be omitted. 

Hired Labor. — Expenditures for hired labor were to include 
total cash payments made in 1959 to family members and to 
others for farm labor. Payments to persons supplied by a con- 
tractor or a cooperative organization and paid directly by 
them or by the crew boss were also to be included. Payments 



for the following types of work were to be excluded : house- 
work, contract construction work, custom machine work, and 
repair, installation, or construction work done by persons spe- 
cifically employed for such work. 

Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuel and Oil. — Expenditures for 
gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil were to relate only 
to the products used in the farm business. Enumerators were 
instructed to exclude the cost of petroleum products used 
for the family automobile when operated for other than farm 
business purposes and of products used in the farmhouse for 
heating, cooking, and lighting. 

Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, and Trees. — Expenditures were to repre- 
sent the total amount spent for seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 
to be used on the farm operated. The value of seed grown on 
the farm was to be excluded. For nurseries and greenhouses, 
the cost of products purchased for immediate resale was also 
to be excluded. 

This item of expenditure was not included in the 1954 Census. 
The data are comparable with those for 1950, however. 

Chops 

Crops Harvested. — The 1959 agriculture questionnaire was simi- 
lar to the questionnaire used in several previous censuses in 
that it provided for the collection of detailed data for all crops 
harvested on each individual farm. The variation in the crops 
listed on the questionnaires used in different States made pos- 
sible the separate reporting of all important crops grown in a 
given area. All versions of the questionnaire contained several 
"All other crops" questions where crops not specifically listed In 
separate questions were to be reported. 

Acreage of Crops Harvested. — In most instances, the acreage 
reported for individual crops represents the area harvested 
during 1959. The area harvested is often less than the area 
planted. For fruit orchards and groves, vineyards, and planted 
nut trees, the acreage reported represents the total area In 
both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of the date of 
enumeration — usually a date in October, November, or Decem- 
ber 1959. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the acreage 
grown for all purposes was reported as well as the acreage har- 
vested for specific purposes. For velvet beans, only the acreage 
grown was reported. As the enumeration was about to begin 
in South Florida (those counties in which the enumeration was 
begun on October 7), an instruction was issued to the effect 
that the data for vegetables and potato crops should relate 
to a full year, beginning on October 1, 1958, and ending Sep- 
tember 30, 1959. 

Quantity of Crops Harvested. — Except for citrus fruits, olives, 
avocados, and for vegetable and potato crops in South Florida 
(see preceding paragraph) data for quantity harvested relate 
to the calendar year 1959. For citrus fruits, the quantity 
harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 1958-59 marketing 
season was to be reported. For olives, the crop harvested in 
1959 was to be reported for all States except California and 
Arizona. Enumerators in those two States were instructed to 
report olives harvested from the bloom of 1958 during the 1958- 
59 harvest season (September 15, 1958, to February 28, 1959). 
In the case of avocados, the data for California were to relate 
to the quantity harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 
marketing season that extended from October 1, 1958 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1959; the data for Florida were to relate to the 
crop harvested for the marketing season that extended from 
July 1, 1959, to February 28, 1960. Respondents were to 
estimate quantities not yet harvested at the time of 
enumeration. 

Unit of Measure. — The unit of measure in which quantities 
were to be reported has varied for some crops, not only from 
State to State, but also from census to census. The aim has 
been to permit reporting in the units of measure currently 
in use. In the State and county tables, the quantities harvested 
for each crop are usually expressed in the unit of measure 
given on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire. In 1959, for corn 
and Irish potatoes, a choice between two units in which to 
report the production was given in some States. (See the 
discussion for those crops.) To provide readily comparable 
information, data published in earlier reports in different units 
of measure generally have been converted to the units used in 
1959. 

Corn. — In the 1959 census, detailed questions regarding the 
purpose for which corn was harvested were asked in all States. 
For most States, bushels was the only unit specified for corn 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



for grain. In some areas, however, where farmers were not 
accustomed to using bushels as the unit of measure, the question- 
naire contained a provision for the quantity of corn for grain 
to be reported either in bushels (shelled basis) or in baskets of 
ear corn. As in former censuses, some reports were received 
in units of measure other than bushels or baskets. Prior to 
tabulation, all reports were converted to bushels (shelled basis) 
on the basis of the following factors: 70 pounds of ear corn, 
2 baskets of ears, or 56 pounds of shelled corn equal one bushel. 
A barrel of ear corn was usually considered equal to 5 bushels of 
shelled corn. 

Annual legumes. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the 

acres and quantity grown or harvested for specific purposes, as 
well as the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained 
for areas where these crops are grown extensively ; for velvet- 
beans, only the total grown for all purposes was obtained. For 
all these crops except, possibly peanuts, the total acreage grown 
for all purposes includes some acreage that was plowed under 
for green manure. In a few Southern 'States, separate figures 
were obtained for the acres grown alone and the acres grown 
with other crops. In 1959, as in 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report green soybeans and blackeyes and other green 
cowpeas harvested for sale as vegetables and not as annual 
legumes. 

Hay Crops. — Data for the total acres of land from which hay 
was cut exclude the acreage in sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays. These crops were reported in separate questions 
in the States where they are important. To obtain the total 
acres from which other hays were cut, the acres of the various 
hay crops, including grass silage, were added together for each 
county. The corresponding totals for 1954 were obtained by 
the same procedure. For the 1950 census, however, the totals 
were based on farmers' own reports of their total acreage in 
harvested hay crops. 

The questionnaire contained an instruction that if two or more 
cuttings were made from the same land, the total production 
from all cuttings was to be reported but the acres cut were to 
be counted only once. In eases where both hay and grass silage 
were cut from the same land, the total acreage was to be reported 
for both crops. In 1959, as in 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa 
and alfalfa mixtures for hay and for dehydrating; clover and 
timothy hay included clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses; small grain hay included oats, wheat, barley, rye, or 
other small grains cut for hay. The hay crops listed on the 
questionnaire varied somewhat from one State or region to 
another. The kinds of hay to be included in separate questions 
can be determined for a specific State from reference to the 
facsimile of the questionnaire that is in the appendix. 

The tonnage of hay, including alfalfa hay for dehydrating, is 
given on a dry-weight basis. Prior to tabulation, production 
reported in green weight was converted to its dry-weight equiv- 
alent by dividing by 3. However, the production of grass silage 
is given in terms of green weight. 

Field Seed Crops. — The field seed crops listed on each version 
of the questionnaire were limited to those considered most im- 
portant within the given State. Each version of the question- 
naire contained space for listing other field seed crops in order 
to facilitate the reporting of all field seed crops harvested. 
Quantity harvested was to be reported in terms of clean seed 
for most field seed crops. -Bluegrass, or Junegrass seed, was to 
be reported in terms of green seed for Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and 
Tennessee. No mention was made of "green-weight basis" for 
other States where this crop was to be reported in the "All other" 
question. 

Irish Potatoes and Sweetpotatoes. — For Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes (including yams), the total quantity harvested was 
to be reported for each crop in all cases, whether harvested for 



home use or for sale or whether used for livestock feed. The 
acreage harvested was to be reported for each crop only in cases 
where the quantity amounted to 20 or more bushels (or the 
approximate equivalent in terms of hundredweights, barrels, or 
pounds, as explained on different versions of the questionnaire). 
This method of reporting was designed to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes harvested on small plots for home use. Essen- 
tially the same procedure was followed in both 1954 and 1950. 
In earlier censuses, however, the acreage of Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes was to be reported in all cases, even when produc- 
tion was solely for home use. Therefore, the data on acres for 
censuses prior to 1950 are not fully comparable with those for 
the last three censuses, especially in counties or States where 
production is largely for home use. 

The unit of measure in which quantity was to be reported 
varied from one State or region to another to correspond with 
the units most commonly used in a given area. In 27 States, 
the questionnaire provided a choice for reporting either bushels 
or 100-pound bags (hundredweights). The published data for 
counties and States are in terms of bushels. 

Berries and Other Small Fruits. — The question for berries and 
other small fruits related specifically to the acreages and quanti- 
ties harvested for sale. Only tame or cultivated berries were to 
be reported except for the New England States, where wild blue- 
berries were also to be included. Enumerators were instructed 
always to report the total quantity of each kind of berry har- 
vested for sale but to report the area harvested only when it 
amounted to one-tenth acre or more. Nonbearing areas and areas 
and quantities harvested for home use were to be excluded. The 
data for 1959 and 1954 are fully comparable. 

Tree Fruits, Nuts, and Grapes.— In 1959, as in 1954, fruit trees, 
nut trees, and grapevines were not enumerated for farms having 
a combined total of less than 20 at the time of enumeration. 
Both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines were to be included 
but not any that had been abandoned. For censuses prior to 
1954, all fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm were 
to be enumerated, regardless of the number. Because of this 
change in enumeration procedure, the data for 1959 and 1954 
are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. In 
commercial fruit-producing counties, the change in procedure 
may have had a considerable effect on the number of farms re- 
porting without causing any significant changes in the number 
of trees and vines nor in the quantity harvested. In counties 
where most of the trees or vines are in small plantings and 
where production is largely for home-use, however, the change 
may have caused a significant reduction not only in the number 
of farms reporting but also in the number of trees and vines and 
in the quantity harvested. 

In both 1959 and 1954, the area in fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees was enumerated when there 
were 20 or more fruit trees, nut trees, and grapevines. In 
1950, the corresponding area was enumerated only if it amounted 
to one-half acre or more. In censuses prior to 1950, the area was 
to be reported regardless of its size or of the number of trees 
and vines. Enumerators frequently omitted the fractional acre- 
ages in small plantings and home orchards, however. In some 
counties, small plantings or home orchards comprise a sizeable 
proportion of the total fruit and nut acreage. For those 
counties, the change from one census to another in acreage of 
land in fruits and nuts may not be due to fact but merely to 
differences in enumeration. 

In 1959, California was the only State for which the acreage 
in each individual fruit and nut crop was obtained. In 1954, 
such acreage was also obtained for Arizona. In all States, the 
number of bearing and nonbearing trees or vines on the farm at 
the time of enumeration and the quantity harvested in 1959 
were to be reported separately for each fruit and nut crop. (Ex- 
ceptions in the harvest period for citrus fruits, avocados, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



olives are described on p. XIX.) The unit of measure in which 
quantities were to be reported varied from one State to another. 
Tables in this report show quantities in the unit of measure 
appearing on the 1959 questionnaire used in the State. 

Nursery and Greenhouse Products. — The questions about nursery 
and greenhouse products related only to products grown on the 
place for sale. Crops bought for resale without additional cul- 
tivation were to be excluded. The area used for growing and 
the value of sales were to be reported separately for each of 
three groups, as follows : 

a. Nursery products, (trees, shrubs, vines, and ornamentals). 

b. Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding plants. 
For these items, the area grown in the open was to be re- 
ported separately from the area grown under glass. 

c. Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. For these items, 
the area grown in the open was to be reported separately 
from the area grown under glass or in the house. 

The data obtained for 1959 are comparable with those for 
1954 and 1950 since the questions asked were essentially the 
same in the three censuses. Detailed data regarding the pro- 
duction and sale of nursery, greenhouse, and other horticultural 
products on farms having sales of $2,000 will be published in 
volume V, part 1. 

Forest Products. — The forest products data obtained in the 
Census of Agriculture relate only to the products cut on farms. 
Commercial logging, timber operations, and forest products grown 
or cut on nonfarm places are excluded. Therefore, the data in 
this report do not represent the total forestry output or income 
for a county or State. 

The questions Included on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire 
are more detailed than those asked in the 1954 Census. Value 
was obtained for the sale of standing timber or trees and for 
the sale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers. The 
quantity cut, whether for home use or sale, and the quantity sold 
were obtained for individual forestry products such as firewood 
and fuelwood, fence posts, sawlogs and veneer logs. Data relating 
to pulpwood, Christmas trees, maple trees, and maple syrup were 
obtained in States where such products are important 
commercially. 

Value of Crops Harvested. — The total value of crops harvested 
represents the estimated value of all crops harvested during the 
crop year 1959. It includes the value of quantities consumed 
on farms as food, feed, seed, etc., as well as quantities sold. 
Farmers were not asked to report values of crops harvested ; 
the values were calculated in the Processing Office. For individ- 
ual crops, the quantity harvested was multiplied by the average 
price at which the crop was sold in the State. State average 
prices were furnished to the Bureau of the Census by the Agricul- 
tural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 
They are based on reports received from a sample of farmers and 
dealers. Quantities harvested were not obtained for vegetables 
nor for nursery and greenhouse products. Therefore, for those 
crops, the value of sales, as obtained in the enumeration, was used 
in the calculation of total value of crops harvested. 

Value of Crops Sold. — The questionnaire required value of sales 
of crops to be reported only for total vegetables, nursery and 
greenhouse products, and certain forest products. For all other 
crops, the value of sales was calculated on a county level during 
processing operations by multiplying the State average prices 
by either the quantity sold or the quantity harvested. Reports 
of quantity sold were obtained during the enumeration only for 
some of the major field crops. Quantity harvested was used in 
the calculation of value of crops sold for such crops as cotton, 
tobacco, etc., that are customarily grown for sale. The procedures 
used for the various crops are described on page XXV. They 



are similar to the procedures followed in 19M. In 1950, values 
of crops sold were obtained for each farm during the enumeration. 

Ibbiqation 

Definition of Irrigated Land. — Irrigated land is defined as land 
watered for agricultural purposes by artificial means. These 
means included subirrigation as well as systems whereby water 
was applied to the ground surface, either directly or by sprinklers. 
Land flooded for rice cultivation was considered as irrigated. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be included as 
irrigated only if water was directed to agricultural use by dams, 
canals, or other works. The definition of irrigated land specif- 
ically excluded land where the "water table", or natural level 
of underground water, was controlled by drainage works with no 
additional water brought in by canals or pipes. 

Enumeration of Irrigated Land. — A question on total land Irri- 
gated was asked in all States, with the exception of Alaska. The 
acreage reported for this question includes not only irrigated 
cropland but also any other land that was irrigated in 1959. 

The questionnaires used in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, 
and Hawaii included several additional questions regarding irri- 
gation. These questions related to the acreage of land irrigated 
by sprinklers, irrigated land from which crops were harvested, 
specific crops irrigated, and source of irrigation water. Such 
additional data, for irrigated farms, are presented in county 
table la for these States. 

Statistics on the irrigation enterprises which supplied irriga- 
tion water were collected in the 1959 Census of Irrigation and 
are published in Volume III, "Irrigation of Agricultural Lands". 
This report contains a considerable amount of data about irri- 
gation for the 17 Western States and Louisiana. 

Irrigated Farms. — All farms reporting any land irrigated in 
1959 are counted as irrigated farms. 

Land in Irrigated Farms.— Data for land in irrigated farms ac- 
cording to use relate to the entire acreage in these farms, in- 
cluding land that was not irrigated. 

Land Irrigated. — Data for land irrigated relate only to that 
part of the land in irrigated farms that was watered by artificial 
means at any time in 1959. Separate figures are given for farms 
reporting land irrigated by sprinklers whether or not the land 
was also irrigated by other means. Additional figures are given 
for farms reporting land irrigated by sprinklers only. Data 
on sprinkler irrigation were not obtained in the 1954 census. 

Irrigated Cropland Harvested.— The data for irrigated crop- 
land harvested relate to all irrigated land from which crops 
were harvested in 1959, regardless of the method of irrigation. 
An instruction on the questionnaire reminded enumerators and 
respondents to include irrigated land from which hay was cut, 
irrigated land in both bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut 
crops, and irrigated land from which volunteer crops were 
harvested. Each irrigated acre was to be reported only once, 
regardless of how many crops were harvested from it. 

Other Irrigated Land.— This classification was obtained by 
subtraction of the acreage of irrigated cropland harvested 
from the acreage of total land irrigated. It represents primarily 
irrigated cropland not harvested and irrigated pasture or 
grazing land. 

Farms Irrigated By Number of Acres Irrigated. — All farms on 
which any land was irrigated in 1959 are classified according 
to the number of acres irrigated in county table la for the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and Hawaii. This classification is 
based on total land irrigated. Therefore, It includes not only the 
irrigated land from which crops were harvested but also all other 
irrigated land, regardless of use. 

Land Irrigated By Source of Water. — The agriculture question- 
naire contained a question as to what proportion of irrigated 
water used on the farm in 1959 was obtained from ground- 
water, surface-water, and irrigation-organization sources. Re- 
spondents were asked to report separately the percentage of 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



water obtained from each source. The number of acres that 
were irrigated by water from each source or combination of 
sources was calculated during office processing operations by 
applying the percentages to the total land irrigated. 

Ground-water sources relate to wells (pumped or flowing) and 
springs ; surface-water sources relate to streams, lakes, reservoirs, 
and sewage and drainage ditches. For each of these sources, 
only water obtained by pumps or other works operated as part 
of the operator's own farm or as part of another single farm was 
to be included. Irrigation-organization sources relate to irriga- 
tion enterprises organized to supply water to a group of farms, 
regardless of how or where the enterprise obtained the water. 
The irrigation enterprise may be a legal organization or a group 
of farmers informally organized to operate a supply ditch or 
other works to provide water for their own farms. 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary Information. — The 1959 data for land-use practices 
are estimates based on reports obtained from only a sample of 
farms. Comparable data are not presented for 1954 because 
questions about land-use practices were included on the 1954 
questionnaire for only a limited number of States. The various 
land-use practices relate to methods for reducing soil erosion, 
either by improving the soil, controlling the run-off of water, or 
reducing the blowing of topsoil. 

Cropland in Cover Crops. — The data relate to land on which 
cover crops were turned under for green manure in 1959 and 
which was then planted to another crop. The entire acreage of 
cover crops so used was to be reported even if the following crop 
failed. 

Cropland Used for Grain or Row Crops Farmed on the Contour. — 
This item relates to land on which grain or row crops were 
planted in level rows around the slope of a hill. 

Land in Strip-Cropping Systems for Soil-Erosion Control. — Strip- 
cropping was defined as the practice of alternating close-sown 
crops with strips or bands of row crops or of alternating either 
close-sown or row crops with bands of cultivated fallow land. 
The published data refer to the total acreage of all fields and 
tracts in which strip-cropping was practiced in 1959. 

System of Terraces on Crop and Pasture Land. — This item re- 
lates to the acreage in ridge-type or channel-type terraces con- 
structed on sloping cropland and pastureland. 

Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories. — Data for livestock and poultry on farms relate 
to the number on band at the time of enumeration. All live- 
stock and poultry, including those being kept or fed under con- 
tract, were to be enumerated on the farm or ranch where they 
were, regardless of who owned them. Livestock in transit from 
one grazing area to another or grazing in national forests, graz- 
ing districts, open range, or on land used under permit were to be 
reported as being on the place where the person who had control 
over them had his headquarters. 

The time of year at which livestock and poultry are enumerated 
affects the data. Therefore, the date of enumeration needs to 
be considered when totals for the various censuses are compared. 
Both the 1959 and the 1954 census data represent fall inven- 
tories. These censuses came at a time of large-scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feed lot, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of 1920, 1925, 1935, and 1945 were taken as of 
January 1 and those of 1930, 1940, and 1950, as of April 1. A 
count made in April varies considerably from one made in Jan- 
uary. In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. A considerable number of older animals die 
or are sold during the same period. In the range States, along 



with the change in season and grazing condition, sheep and cattle 
are moved from one locality or county to another. This movement 
may affect the comparability of data for counties and, in some 
cases, for States. The comparability of data by age has been 
affected also by changes in the questions from one census to 
another. 

Milk Cows, Cows Milked, Milk Produced, and Butter. — Data on 
the number of milk cows, cows milked, and milked produced relate 
to the day preceding the enumeration. Data for butter churned 
were obtained only for 14 States and relate to the calendar week 
preceding the enumeration. The data for cows milked yesterday 
and milk produced yesterday are not given in this volume. These 
figures were obtained primarily to serve the needs of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture in making monthly and annual esti- 
mates of milk production. These figures can be made available, 
at a small cost, to others who express an interest in them. 

Whole Milk and Cream Sold. — Data for whole milk and cream 
sold relate to the entire year 1959 and are estimates based on 
reports obtained for farms in the sample. All milk and cream 
sold from the farm (except quantities purchased from some 
other place and then resold) were to be included, regardless 
of who shared the receipts. The questionnaire provided three 
alternative units of measure for reporting the quantity of milk 
sold — pounds of milk, gallons of milk, and pounds of butterfat. 
The respondent was thus permitted to report quantity according 
to the unit of measure in which payment was received. In the 
State and county tables, the data for milk are given in the unit 
of measure most commonly used in the State. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk on the 
basis of the average butterfat content of milk as shown by data 
furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and Gilts Farrowing. — In the 1959 census, data were ob- 
tained for the number of litters farrowed between December 1, 
1958, and June 1, 1959, and from June 1 to December 1, 1959. In 
the 1954 census, data were obtained for the sows and gilts that 
farrowed rather than for the number of litters. 

Sheep, Lambs, and Wool. — In the 1959 census, questions about 
sheep, lambs, and wool were asked in all States. Data on 
shearings and on amount of wool shorn were obtained for lambs 
and sheep separately. In the 1954 census, sheep and lamb inven- 
tories were not obtained for Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. 

Goats and Mohair. — In 1959, questions on goats, kids, and mo- 
hair appeared on the questionnaires for the following nine States : 
Arizona, California, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, 
Oregon, Texas, and Utah. In 1954, corresponding data were ob- 
tained for Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, 
Washington, and selected counties in Missouri. 

Bees and Honey. — No questions on bees and honey were in- 
eluded on the questionnaires for either the 1959 or the 1954 
census. In 1959, however, enumerators were instructed to ob- 
tain agriculture questionnaires for places not having agricultural 
operations if they were engaged in beekeeping. The number of 
hives of bees and the amount of honey sold were to be reported 
In the "Remarks" space of the questionnaire. Data for bees 
and honey are not Included in this report. 

Value of Livestock on Farms. — To obtain the value of livestock 
on farms, the number of each class of livestock or poultry on hand 
was multiplied by the State average price for 1959, as furnished 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Comparable data for 1954 were compiled by the 
same method on the basis of average prices for that year. 

Sales of Live Animals. — Data for the number and value of ani- 
mals sold alive in 1959 are estimates based on reports for sample 
farms only. Corresponding data for 1954 were obtained for all 
farms. The dollar value of sales was obtained from the farmer 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



for cattle, calves, and horses and mules. Average value per head 
for other livestock sold was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. In the 1950 census, respondents were asked to 
report separately the number of live animals already sold and the 
number estimated to be sold between the time of enumeration and 
the end of the year. This separation of reports for the number 
sold and to be sold was designed to assure more complete coverage 
of all livestock sales made during the year. In the 1954 census, 
only totals for the entire year were obtained though reference 
was made to animals to be sold between enumeration and the end 
of the year. 

Sales of Poultry and Poultry Products.— For both the 1959 and 
the 1954 Censuses, sales of chickens were obtained for two groups : 
(1) broilers and (2) other chickens. The enumeration of broiler 
sales presents p rob' ems arising from the varied contractual ar- 
rangements under which broilers are produced. The question- 
naire contained an instruction to the effect that all broilers grown 
for others under contract were to be reported as sold. During 
office processing operations, the data reported for inventories and 
sales of chickens four months old and over, chicken eggs sold, and 
broilers sold were carefully examined. Obvious inconsistencies 
indicating confusion between broilers and other chickens were 
corrected on the basis of estimated values and, for sample farms, 
on the basis of data reported for expenditures for feed, poultry 
and livestock purchases, hired labor, etc. 

Questions relating to poultry other than chickens (and broilers) 
were generally the same in 1959 as in 1954. In the 1959 census, 
however, only total numbers were obtained for turkeys and turkey 
fryers raised and for turkey hens kept for breeding whereas the 
1954 questionnaire asked for a breakdown between light and heavy 
breeds. Also, for poultry other than chickens and turkeys, the 
1959 census obtained the number sold whereas the 1954 census 
obtained the number raised. 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of Classification. — Data for land in farms, and for crop- 
land harvested in farms classified by size, by color of operator and 
by tenure of operator were tabulated for all farms. However, 
most of the detailed data by size of farm, by color of operator, by 
tenure of operator, by economic class, and by type of farm are 
estimates based on farms in the sample. The farm classifications 
by size of farm, color of operator, tenure of operator, economic 
class of farm, and type of farm were made in the processing 
office on the basis of data reported on each questionnaire. 

Farms by Size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area established for each farm. The same classifica- 
tion was used for all States. According to definition, a farm is 
essentially an operating unit, not an ownership tract. All land 
operated by one person or partnership represents one farm. In 
the case of a landlord who has assigned land to croppers or other 
tenants, the land assigned to each cropper or tenant is considered 
a separate farm even though the landlord may operate the entire 
landholding as one unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rota- 
tion practice, purchase of supplies, or sale of products. In some 
parts of the South, a special Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire was 
used to assure an accurate enumeration of each unit within a 
multiple-unit operation. A change was made in the size classifica- 
tion for 1959, as contrasted with several preceding years, by sub- 
dividing the 1,000-aere-and-over group and by combining two 
previously recognized groups, viz., 10 to 29 acres and 30 to 49 
acres. 

Farms by Color of Operator. — Farms were classified by color of 
operator into two groups, "white" and "nonwhite." "Nonwhite" 
includes primarily Negro and Indian operators but also some of 
other racial origin. 

Enumerators were instructed to report the race on the basis of 
their own observation whenever possible rather than by asking the 
respondent. 



Farms by Tenure of Operator. — The classification of farms by 
tenure of operator was based on data reported for land owned, 
land rented from others or worked for others on shares, land 
managed for others, and land rented to others or worked on shares 
by others. The same basis of classification was used in 1959 
as in 1954. 

For 1959, each questionnaire was coded, during (he editing proc- 
ess, to indicate whether it represented a farm operated by a full 
owner, part owner, manager, or tenant. The sample question- 
naires for tenants were given a code to indicate the kind of 
tenant. 

The various classifications of tenure, as used for the 1959 census, 
are defined below : 

a. Full Owners operate only land they own. 

I). Part Owners operate land they own and also land rented 
from others. 

c. Managers operate land for others and are paid a wage or 
salary for their services. Persons acting merely as care- 
takers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If 
a farm operator managed land for others and also operated 
land on his own account, the land operated on his own ac- 
count was considered as one farm and the land managed for 
others as a second farm. If, however, he managed land for 
two or more employers, all the managed land was considered 
to be one farm. 

d. Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all 
the land they operate. They are further classified, as de- 
scribed below, on the basis of rental arrangements in regard 
to the payment of cash rent, sharing of crops, sharing of 
livestock or livestock products, and the furnishing of work 
power by the landlord. 

(1) Cash Tenants pay cash rent, either on a per-acre basis or 
for the farm as a whole. 

(2) Share-Cash Tenants pay part of the rent in cash and part 
in a share of the crops and/or of the livestock and livestock 
products. 

(3) Crop-Share Tenants pay a share of the crops but not of the 
livestock or livestock products. 

(4) Livestock-Share Tenants pay a share of the livestock or 
livestock products. They may or may not also pay a share of 
the crops. 

(5) Croppers are tenants whose landlords furnished all the 
work animals or tractor power. They usually work under 
the 'close supervision of the landowners or their agents, or 
other farm operators. Also, the land assigned to them is 
often merely a part of a multi-unit operation. Croppers may 
or may not also pay cash rent or a share of crops, livestock, 
or livestock products. Data for croppers are available for 
only 1G southern States and Missouri. 

(6) Other Tenants are those who did not qualify for inclusion 
in any of the foregoing subclassifications. They may have 
had the use of land rent-free or in return for a fixed quantity 
of products, payment of taxes, maintenance of buildings, etc. 

(7) Unspecified Tenants are those for whom the rental arrange- 
ment was not reported. 

The definition of each subclass of tenant was essentially the 
same for earlier censuses as for 1959. In 1945, however, the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants 
whereas in other censuses all classifications were made during 
the processing of questionnaires on the basis of the data 
reported. The procedure used in 1945 may have affected the 
comparability of the data, especially for cash tenants and 
share-cash tenants. 

Farms by Economic Class. — The totals for farms by economic 
class are estimates for all farms made on the basis of data re- 
ported only for the sample farms. The economic classifications 
represent groupings of farms that are similar in characteristics 
and size of operation. The economic classes were established on 
the basis of one or more of four factors: (1) total value of all 
farm products sold, (2) number of days the farm operator worked 
off the farm, (3) the age of the farm operator, and (4) the re- 
lationship of income received by the operator and members of his 
household from nonfarm sources to the value of all farm products 
sold. Institutional farms, Indian reservations, agricultural ex- 
periment stations, and grazing associations were always classified 
as "abnormal." 



XXIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



The total value of farm products sold was obtained by addi- 
tion of the reported or estimated values for all products sold from 
the farm. The value of cattle and calves, horses and mules, dairy 
products, some poultry products, vegetables, nursery and green- 
house products, standing timber, and miscellaneous forest prod- 
ucts was obtained from the farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. The quantity sold was obtained during enumeration for 
corn, sorghums, small grains, hay, small fruits, some of the for- 
est products, chickens and chicken eggs, hogs, sheep, and goats. 
To obtain the value of sales of these products, the quantity sold 
was multiplied by State average prices. 

For each of the other products, the entire production was mul- 
tiplied by the State average price. If the resulting value amount- 
ed to $100 or more, the entire quantity produced was considered 
as sold. This procedure was followed only in establishing the 
economic class and the type of farm but was not used in estab- 
lishing the total value of products sold from the farm. (See 
p. XXV.) 

Farms were grouped into two major categories, commercial 
farms and other farms, mainly on the basis of total value of prod- 
ucts sold. The 1959 class intervals and some of the criteria for 
determination of a given class are different from those used in 
1954 and in 1950. In general, for 1959, all farms with a value 
of sales amounting to $2,500 or more were classified as commercial. 
Farms with a value of sales of $50 to $2,499 were classified as com- 
mercial if the farm operator was under 65 years of age and (1) he 
did not work off the farm 100 or more days during the year and 
(2) the income received by the operator -and members of his 
family from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. The remaining farms with a value of sales of $50 
to $2,499 and institutional farms and Indian reservations were 
included in one of the groups of "other farms." 

Commercial farms were divided into six economic classes on 
the basis of the total value of all farm products sold, as 
follows : 

Value of Farm 
Class of Farm Products sold 

I $40,000 and over 

II $20,000 to $39,999 

III $10,000 to $19,999 

IV $5,000 to $9,999 

V $2,500 to $4,999 

VI* $50 to $2,499 

•Provided the farm operator was under 65 years of age, and — 
(1) he did not work off the farm 100 or more days, and (2) the In- 
come that he and members of his household received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the total value of farm products sold. 

Other farms were divided into three economic classes as 

follows : 

a. Class VII, Part-time. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part-time" if 
the operator was under 65 years of age and he either worked 
off the farm 100 or more days or the income he and members 
of his household received from nonfarm sources was greater 
than the total value of farm products sold. 

b. Class VIII, Part-retirement. — Farms with a value of sales 
of farm products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part- 
retirement" if the farm operator was 65 years old or over. 
Many of these are farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others are residential, subsistence, or marginal 
farms. In previous censuses, the age of the farm operator 
was not a criterion for grouping farms by economic class. 
Since the number of elderly people in our population has 
been steadily increasing during recent years, a separate 
classification for farms operated on a part-retirement basis 
was considered important for an adequate analysis of the 
agricultural structure of a county or State. 

c. Class IX, Abnormal. — All institutional farms and Indian 
reservations were classified as "abnormal," regardless of the 
value of sales. Institutional farms include those operated 



by hospitals, penitentiaries, schools, grazing associations, 
government agencies, etc. 

Farms by Type. — The data for farms by type are estimates 
based on data tabulated for the farms in the sample. The 
type represents a description of the major source of income from 
farm sales. To be classified as a particular type, a farm had to 
have sales of a particular product or group of products amounting 
in value to 50 percent or more of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold during the year. 

The types of farms, together with the products on which type 
classification is based, are as follows : 



Type of Farm 



Cash-grain 



Tobacco 

Cotton 

Other field-crop. 



Vegetable 

Fruit-and-nut 



Poultry 
Dairy _ 



Livestock other than 
dairy and poultry 



Livestock Ranches- 



General- 



Miscellaneous- 



Source of Cash Income 

(Products with sales value representing 

50% or more of total value of all farm 

products sold) 
Corn, sorghums, small grains, soybeans 

for beans, cowpeas for peas, dry field 

and seed beans and peas. 
Tobacco. 
Cotton. 

Peanuts, potatoes (Irish and sweet), 
sugarcane for sugar or sirup, sweet 
sorghums for sirup, broomcorn, pop- 
corn, sugar beets, mint, hops, and 
sugar beet seed. 

Vegetables. 

Berries, other small fruits, tree fruits, 
grapes, and nuts. 

Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, and 
other poultry products. 

Milk and cream. The criterion of 50 
percent of total sales was modified in 
the case of dairy farms. A farm hav- 
ing value of sales of dairy products 
amounting to less than 50 percent of 
the total value of farm products sold 
was classified as a dairy farm, if — 

(a) Milk and cream sold accounted 
for more than 30 percent of the total 
value of products sold and 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of total cows and — 

(c) The value of milk and cream sold 
plus the value of cattle and calves 
sold amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of all farm 
products sold. 

Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool 
and mohair except for farms in the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and 
Florida that qualified as livestock 
ranches. 

Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisi- 
ana, and Florida were classified as 
livestock ranches if the sales of live- 
stock, wool, and mohair represented 
50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold and if pasture- 
land or grazing land amounted to 100 
or more acres and was 10 or more 
times the acreage of cropland har- 
vested. 

Field seed crops, hay, silage. A farm 
was classified as general also if it had 
cash income from three or more 
sources and did not meet the criteria 
for any other type. 

Nursery and greenhouse products, forest 
products, mules, horses, colts and 
ponies. Also all institutional farms 
and Indian reservations. 



INTRODUCTION 



xxv 



The type classifications were essentially the same for the 1959 
as for the 1954 census except that tobacco farms and livestock 
ranches were not separately classified in 1954. Tobacco was in- 
cluded as one of the crops used in the classification of "other 
field crop" farms in 1954. The farms classified as livestock 
ranches in 1959 would have been classified as "livestock other 
than dairy and poultry" in 1954 without regard to the acreage in 
pasture. 

Value of Farm Products Sold. — Data for the value of farm prod- 
ucts sold in 1959 were obtained by enumeration for some prod- 
ucts and by estimation for others. The questionnaire used for 
the 1959 census provided for farm operators to report value of 
sales for the following products : 

Vegetables Miscellaneous poultry products 

Nursery and greenhouse prod- Milk and cream 

ucts Cattle 

Standing timber Calves 

Miscellaneous forest products Horses, mules, colts, and ponies 

For all other agricultural products, the value of sales was esti- 
mated during the office processing. The State average prices 
used for calculating the value of farm products sold were fur- 
nished to the Bureau by the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of three following pro- 
cedures was used. 

(1) For the products for which data on quantities sold were 
obtained during enumeration, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the county totals of the quantities reported as sold or 
the quantities reported as produced for sale. The following prod- 
ucts were covered by this procedure : 

Corn for grain Fence posti 

Sorghums for grain, seed, sirup, Sawlogs and veneer logs 

or dry forage Christmas trees 

All small grains Chickens (broilers and others) 

Hay crops Chicken eggs 

All berries and small fruits * Hogs and pigs 

Firewood and f uelwood Sheep and lambs 

Pulpwood Goats and kids 

'Adjustment made for cranberries based on Cranberry Payment 
Program. 

(2) For most of the agricultural products which are cus- 
tomarily raised for sale, the entire quantity produced was 
considered to be sold. The State average prices were, accordingly, 
multiplied by the county total of production. The following crops 
were covered by this procedure : 



Cotton Sugarcane for sugar 

Popcorn Tobacco 

Sugar beets for sugar Wool 

Broomcorn Mohair 

(3) For all other crops, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the quantities sold as estimated on the basis of crop- 
disposition data furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
data reported in questions for "other crops" on the 1959 question- 
naire, or data obtained from earlier censuses. 

For all tree fruits, nuts, and grapes, the entire quantity pro- 
duced was considered as sold, except for apples, apricots, sour and 
sweet cherries, peaches, plums, prunes, avocados, tangerines, 
oranges, and grapefruit in States where a portion of the crop 
was not harvested or was subjected to excess cullage as indicated 
by data obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

The data for 1959 are comparable with those for 1954 since 
essentially the same procedures were used in both censuses for 
estimating quantities and values of farm products sold. In 1959, 
as in 1954, data for the sales of farm products represent total 
sales for the entire farm, regardless of who shared the receipts. 
For tenant-operated farms, the landlord's share of agricultural 
products was considered as sold provided the products were 
moved off the tenant farm. All crops, livestock, and poultry 
raised under a contract arrangement were considered as sold 
from the farm where they were raised. For institutional farms, 
all agricultural items produced on land operated by the institu- 
tion and consumed by the inmates were to be reported as sold. 

All sales data relate to one year's farm operations. Crop sales 
are for crops harvested during the crop year, whether the crops 
were actually sold immediately after harvest or placed in storage 
for later sale. Sales of livestock and livestock products relate 
to the calendar year, regardless of when the livestock or prod- 
ucts were raised or produced. All wool and mohair reported 
as shorn or clipped was considered as sold. 

Enumerators were instructed to record gross values of quanti- 
ties sold, with no deductions for feed, seed, fertilizer, water, labor, 
or marketing costs. For some products, however, net values may 
have been reported. In the case of milk, particularly, some farm 
operators may have reported the payments they received as the 
gross value of sales, even though the buyer had deducted handling 
and hauling charges before making payment. Adjustments were 
made in the data reported only in cases of obvious error. 



o 



Chapter A 
STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



(i) 



DELAWARE 
State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data on value of land win" buildings for in.vl, I9S1, and 1950 wo hnsod on reports for only a sample of farmu. See lextj 



(Tor definitions and oxplnnutions, son text) 






Approximate land area (see usxt) acres 

Proportion in farm* |wr< vnl 

Land in (arms acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Averarre per fami dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in 1.31ms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested Farms reporting 

1 to 9 acres farms reportinc 

10 to 19 acres farms reportinc 

20 to 20 acres farms reportinc 

30 to 49 acres Tanns reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 or more acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture 3 farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . . .farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes . . .farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Oilier pasture (not cropland and 
not woodland) 3 farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 

Cropland, total 3 farms reporting 

Land pasturee, local farms reporting 

IfoodllDd, torn! ..farms reporting 

Irrigated land in 'arms terms repiirt,n£ 



5,208 

1,265,920 

60.2 

762,526 

146.4 

31,641 
242.58 

4,358 
416,197 



11 

2,030 

43,130 

1,268 

36,767 

283 

9,150 

1,061 

27,617 

292 

6,017 

3,466 

185,414 

684 



HA 
54,677 
4,589 
496,094 
2,566 
69,471 
3,595 
191,431 



6,297 

,265,920 

64.3 

814,316 

129.3 

18,666 
152.87 

5,512 
412,295 



2,871 
63,860 

1,631 
38,379 

MA 



533 

22,884 

3,966 

192,009 



936 



5,782 

5,913 

58,860 

5,832 

514,534 

3,686 

112,773 

4,317 

214,893 

31 



1,265,920 

67.2 

851,291 

114.3 

12,561 
115.01 

6,448 

389,283 

1,163 



1,126 
1,484 



3,662 
72,051 

2,974 

73,836 

MA 



499 
10,776 
4,822 

206,077 

1,283 
28,178 

NA 
NA 

6,932 
71,090 
6,863 

535,170 
4,521 

111,005 
5,054 

216,853 
10 



9,296 

1,265,920 

72.9 

923,350 

99.3 

7,820 
78.73 

8,450 
416, 162 
1,756 
1,182 
993 
1,606 
1,868 



3,052 
62,842 



415 

8,992 

5,778 

223,237 

1,958 
40,157 



8,994 

1,265,920 

70.7 

895,507 

99.6 

6,104 
61.30 

8,407 
378,448 



4,545 
84,113 



8,272 


HA 


86,846 


MA 


8,868 


8,758 


564, 118 


569,583 


4,741 


NA 


111,991 


MA 


5,898 


6,439 


232,229 


225,361 


3 


2 



10,381 

1,257,600 

73.3 

921,251 

88.7 

4,959 
55.88 

9,957 
388,722 



4,379 
76,242 



10,030 
84,255 



9,707 

1,257,600 

71.6 

900,815 

92.8 

6,896 

74.31 

9,213 
407,609 



4,481 
82,855 



8,219 


16,070 


6,737 


6,288 


226,292 


187,628 


1,427 


1,418 


22,072 


23,628 



8,872 
86,375 



10,257 

1,257,600 

71.5 

899,641 

87.7 

5,818 
66.33 



5,024 
78,868 



10,386 
6,506 



HA Not available. 

1 For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, In the Census year; for all other Censuses, In the calendar year preceding the Census. 

'Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded, as mosx of this acreage was probably duplicated In the acreage - 
harvested for grain. 

3 Not fully conrparable for the various Census years because of differences In definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1950 are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See textj 



All farms number. . 

Under 10 acres number.. 

Under 3 acres number . . 

1 acre or loss number. . 

2 acres number . . 

3 to 9 acres number.. 

3 acres number.. 

4 acres number. . 

5 acres number.. 

8 acres numoer . . 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30to49acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number. . 

70 to 99 acres nunjicr. . 

100 to 139 acres number. . 

140 to 179 acres nunilier . . 

180 to 219 acres number. . 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number.. 

500 to 999 acres number. . 

1 ,000 or more acres number . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. . 

2,000 or more acres number . . 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres. . 

10 to 49 acres acres . . 

10 to 29 acres acres.. 

30 to 49 acres acres . . 

50 to 69 acres acres . . 

70 to 99 acres acres.. 

100 to 139 acres acres . . 

140 to 179 acres acres . . 

160 to 219 acres acres . . 

220 to 259 acres acres. . 

260 to 499 acres acres. . 

500 to 999 acres acres . . 

1 ,000 or more acres acres . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres. 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested farms reportinp. 

tinder 10 acres farms reportinp. 

10 to 49 acres farms reportinp. 

10 to 29 acres Tanns r<-porting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reportinp, . 

50 to 69 acres farms reportinp . 

70 to 99 acres farms reportinp . 

100 to 139 acres farms reportinp. 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

220 to 259 acres Tarms reportinp . 

260 to 499 acres farms reportinp. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting. 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



93,714 
49,436 
44,278 



16,670 

563 

26,044 

626 
43,855 

39,201 



2,946 
43,395 
15,978 
27,417 



18,561 

720 

32,651 

757 
47,711 

546 
45,678 



96,589 

144 

47,931 



4,619 
54,896 
19,169 
35,727 



1,560 
1,690 
23,500 



18,895 

871 

35,497 



2,490 
1,362 
1.128 



5,251 
67,914 
24,524 
43,390 



416,162 
883 
2,466 
2,240 
35,055 
1,199 
12,681 
1,041 
22,374 



2,464 
1,306 

1,158 



3,895 
68,346 
23,719 
44,627 



514 
1,591 
2,282 

32,797 
1,193 

11,536 
1,089 

21,261 

1,051 
29,546 

1,276 
48,334 



3,064 
1,623 
1,441 



84,958 
29,407 
55, 551 



2,777 
NA 

42,590 
NA 

15,394 
NA 

27,196 

NA 
33,327 



1,751 

NA 

42,772 



404,209 

NA 

2,189 



DELAWARE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959-Continued 

[Data for 1959 anil 1950 are basod on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



■i Hill] l-Xphl 



3 text) 



1950 
(April 1) 



Census of— 



1935 
(January 1) 



Land in farms according to use '-Continued 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

Under 10 acres farms reportinc 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 69 acres fnnns reporting . 

70 to 99 acres farms reportini! . 

100 lo 1.19 acres farms reporting 

HO to 179 acres farms reporting . 

180 to 219 acres farms reportin 

220 to 259 acres farms repurtin 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reportin 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reportini 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 49 acres <■ farms reporting . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting. 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms renortinc 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

2,000 or more Bcres farms reporting . 



72,430 

47 

48,656 



4,378 

396 

6,720 



7,907 

407 

20,649 



1,313 
1,454 
28,039 



58,919 

38 

35,509 



7,227 

585 

12,646 



2,177 
1,856 
36,262 



6,286 

417 

5,571 



3,034 
2,404 
46,272 



1,175 
63,271 

1,186 
88, 536 



32,068 

27 

21,233 



6,146 

519 

5,626 



102,206 
NA 

80,590 
MA 

61,104 
NA 

34,044 

86,183 
NA 

21,204 
NA 

15,703 



HA Not available. 1 For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, in the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 2 Total acreage of crops for 

which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated In the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 3 50 to 99 

acres. *100 to 259 acres. 5 Not fu ll y comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. 



6 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1954 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 
Census of — 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 
All farm operators m 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

Managers number. 

Alltenants number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent. 

Cash tenants number . 

Share tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

All land in farms ; 

Full owners 

Part owners : 

Managers 

All tenants : 

Cash tenants 

Share-cash tenants : 

Share tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspecified tenants 

All cropland harvested 

Full owners i 

Part owners i 

Managers I 

All tenants i 

Cash tenants i 

Share-cash tenants I 

Croppers i 

Other and unspecified U'nnnls i 

ALL WHJTK FARM OPERATORS 

White farm operators number. 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number. 

Managers number . 

Ail tenants number. 

Proportion ol tenancy percent . 

Cash tenants number . 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Share tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . 

Land in farms i 

Full owners I 

Part owners I 

Managers i 

All tenants I 

Cash tenants I 

Share-cash tenants I 

Share tenants i 

Croppers I 

Other and unspecified tenants I 

Cropland harvested i 

Full owners I 

Part owners i 

Managers 

All tenants : 

Cash tenants i 

Share-cash tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspecified tenants 

ALL rlONWIITF. FARM OPERATORS 

Nonwhite farm operators number. 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Share tenants ni 

Croppers • number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

Land in farms 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Managers 

All tenants 

Cash tenants 

Share-cash tenants 

Share tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspeci ficd tenants 

Cropland harvested 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Managers 

All tenants 

Cash tenants 

Share-cash tenants 

Share tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspecified tenants 



5,203 
3,1.43 
1,310 



130 
754,382 
301,820 
316,283 
26,058 
110,221 
25,005 
13,015 
57,515 
2,945 
11,741 
418,976 
140,726 
201,447 
10,887 
65,916 
10,750 
10,140 
36,704 
1,905 
6,417 



130 
741,342 
296,025 
310,268 
26,058 
108,991 
24,395 
13,015 
57,015 



412,486 
137,971 
198,637 
10,887 
64,991 
10,430 
10,140 
36,219 



13,040 
5,795 
6,015 



6,490 
2,755 
2,810 



6,291 
4,237 

1,132 



220 

813,150 

422,805 

214,460 

51,487 

124,398 

14,140 

4,720 

78,362 

4,891 

22,285 

410,503 

193,879 

128,920 

17,693 

70,011 

6,520 

3,021 

44,308 



6,079 
4,091 
1,092 



220 
803,150 
418,268 
211,150 
51,487 
122,245 
14,140 
4,400 
76,534 



405,636 
192,232 
126,710 
17,693 
69,001 
6,520 
2,906 
43,413 
2,965 
13,197 



10,000 
4,537 
3,310 



289 

851,291 

467,101 

158,535 

37,548 

188,107 

19,178 

5,670 

121,972 

8,990 

32,297 

389,283 

189,499 

91,575 

15,509 

92,700 

7,969 

3,082 

62,037 

4,853 

14,759 



272 

830,873 

457,066 

154,836 

37,548 

181,423 

18,048 

5,552 

118,533 

8,253 

31,037 

381,678 

186,262 

89,700 

15,509 

90,207 

7,850 

3,044 

60,589 

4,452 

14,272 



20,418 
10,035 
3,699 



7,605 
3,237 
1,875 



923,350 
511,157 

93,624 

54,1 
263,881 

27,629 

1,296 

189,189 

12,689 

33,078 
416,162 
221,660 

52,144 

23,756 



86,984 
6,534 
14,085 



276 

887,711 

496,273 

90,122 

53,655 

247,661 

25,859 

1,296 

180,546 

9,900 

30,060 

401,577 

215,445 

50,498 

23,242 

112,392 

9,634 

764 

83,522 

5,226 

13,246 



38 
35,639 
14,884 
3,502 
1,033 
16,220 
1,770 

8,643 
2,789 
3,018 
14,585 
6,215 
1,646 



421 

895,507 

438,400 
77,973 
24,539 

354,595 
37,325 
2,393 

251,305 
22,105 
41,467 

378,448 

174,640 
36,798 
13,309 

153,70] 

12,228 

915 

115,154 
9,853 
15,551 



391 
858,641 
427,620 
75,410 
24,058 
331,553 
34,574 
2,081 
236,946 
18,505 
39,447 
363,687 
170,377 
35,613 
12,992 
144,705 
11,638 
806 
109,204 
8,235 
14,822 



36,866 
10,780 
2,563 



14,359 
3,600 
2,020 

14,761 
4,263 
1,185 



NA 

921,251 

437,872 

43,256 

32,014 

408,109 

NA 

MA 

NA 

28,496 

HA 

388,722 
179,512 
23,993 
16,651 
168,566 
NA 
NA 



NA 

870,675 
425,639 
42,240 
30,416 
372,380 
NA 
NA 



NA 

370,600 
174,826 
23,469 
15,727 
156,578 
NA 
NA 



NA 

50,576 
12,233 
1,016 
1,598 
35,729 

NA 



38,374 
29,466 
390,864 
34,659 



NA 

407,609 
192,350 
21,459 
15,541 
176,259 
12,256 



NA 

346,059 

431,061 

35,643 

26,122 

353,233 

32,256 

NA 

NA 

16,489 

NA 

385,784 
187,837 
19,933 
14,364 
163,650 
11,525 
NA 
NA 



NA 
54,756 
11,050 
2,731 
3,344 
37,631 
2,403 
NA 
NA 



1,526 
1,177 
14,609 



NA 
899,641 
451,705 
13,62.' 
16.266 
418,04; i 
27,889 
NA 
NA 



NA 

849,253 
440,450 
12,819 
15,190 
380,794 
26,763 
NA 
NA 



381,956 
185,245 
7,033 
7,449 
182,229 
10,670 



1,076 
37,252 
1,126 



NA Not available. 1 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated 

e acreage of com harvested for grain. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 4.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AGE, RESIDENCE, AND OFF-FARM WORK; AND EQUIPMENT AND 
FACILITIES ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



j sample of In 



_. , FUtMnpnnmifs 
By color 
White number . 

Negro. . . nut iIkt . 

Other nonn 1'it*- number , 

By age: 

Under 25 yean operators reporting . 

'*5 to 34 years Operators reporting . 

^r> fj> H years operators reporting. 

45 to 51 years operators reporting . 

55 to CI years . . r rr;ll " r - M-f.irting 

fi5 or more years operati reporting 

Average ago yeai 

Operators not reporting age number. 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated opera) 

Not residing on farm operated operair-rs reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

By off-farm work: 

Working off their farms, totai opemti n reporting 

1 to 40 days operators reporting . 

50 to 99 days operators reporting . 

100 or more days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 or more days operators reporting . 

Operators not working off their farm or not 
reporting as to work off their farm number. 

By other income: 

With other income of famiU exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPIfF.NT AND FACILITIES 

AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting . 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting, . 

number. . 
Picfc-up balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. , 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Tractors . . .farms reporting. . 

number . , 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number . . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting . . 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms report] ng . 

Wheel tractors farms, reporting. . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). . .farms reporting. . 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, 
or blower farms report] ng . . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

('■ravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road. . farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. . . .farms reporting . . 

1 mile farms reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting . . 

4 miles farms repotting . . 

5 or more miles , farm^ reporting. . 



■ ■ • 



NA Not available. 

1 Figures for 1945 are for all tractors. 

Concrete, brick, asphalt, and macadam. 

Concrete or brick and macadam. Asphalt 

Includes sand-clay. 

6 Distance to all-weather road. See text. 



i, see 
o, us 
4. "it 



f h 630 
5, SOS 

4,937 



no 
m 

1, 31ft 

t, ; 7 

J, 306 

1,S39 

51.0 

118 



1,603 
1,671 

1,784 



5, 198 

7, 056 
5, €64 



■ 

1,725 

1,634 



1,04s 
6,125 
3, 785 

5,586 



5,418 
7,063 
5,418 



184 
1,177 
1,884 
2,417 
1,969 
1,611 
50.3 
54 



3,839 
4,604 
1 3,839 

4,379 



7,640 
9,537 
7,640 
3,694 



181 
1,007 
1,679 
2,168 
1,844 
1,477 
50.5 
638 



257 
1,325 
2,257 
2,377 
1,872 
1,371 
NA 

248 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 5.-SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



[Data in italics arc based on reports for only a sample or Tarns. See I 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars.. 
Farms classified hy amount of expenditure- 
Si to $199 farms reporting . 

5200 toS499 farms reporting . . 

S500 to S999 farms reporting . 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting . 

52,500 to 54,999 farms report' "2 . 

55,000 to 59,999 farms reporting . 

S10.000 or more farms reporting . 

Hired labor 3 farms reporting . 

dollars. 
Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 
Si to 5199 farms reporting . 

S200 toS499 farms reporting . 

$500 to 5999 farms reporting . 

S1.000 to 52,499 farms reporting . 

52,500 to S4,999. . .. farms reporting. 

S5.000 to 59,999 farms reporting . 

510,000 to S19.999 farms reporting . 

S20.000 or more farms reporting . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 

for the farm business farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials farms reporting. 



FARM LABOR 

Farm workers for specified week: 5 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Average per farm reporting persons . 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 
Workers hired by month farms reporting. 

Workers hired by week farms reporting . 



Workers hired by hour farms reporting. 

Workers hired on piece-work basis . . farms reporting . 

persons. 

No report as to basis of payment- . . . farms reporting. 



. farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by number of regular 
hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 



Farms by kind of workers during specified week: 

No workers reported 

Fami ly workers only 

Operator only 

Operator and members of his family 

Members of operator's family only 



Family workers and hired workers 

Operator and hired workers 

Operator, members of his family, and hired 

Members of operator's family and hired workers. 

Hired workers only 

Regular farm workers only 

Seasonal farm workers only 



4,108 

36, 052, 985 

3, 05!, 

9, 016, 01k 

2,689 

.870, 086 

1,1,00 



. ', \2, 7/7 

3,28* 

, 02, 564 



1,372 
6,580 



4.8H 
75, 0R0 
907, 116 



5.385 
7,9*3 
5.301 



5,m 

36, 988, U9 

8, 248, 9*5 

3,987 

862, 550 



1, 820, 262 
962, 320 



4,157 
2,4H 
1,453 



8,299 
12,191 
8,140 



HA 

5,953 
30,989 
791,741 
2,363 
17,390 
157,733 



1,544 
5 1,329 
5 2, 516 



NA Not available. 
farm labor; housework 
cost of machine hire. 
1950, week preceding < 
5 Separate data not available by day 
ing piecework and contract labor. 



J For Censuses of 1959 and 1954, expenditures during Census year; for earlier Censuses, expenditures during the preced in g calendar year. Cash payments for 
ot included. For 1959, 1954, 1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and labor included in 
For 1920/ the value of board furnished was included. 3 Census of 1959, week preceding the enumeration; Census of 1954, week of October 24-30. Census of 
uraeration; Censuses of 1945 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. *See text for differences in definition of farm workers, 
week. 6 Separate data not available for workers hired by the hour or piece-work basis, ftiestioa 



called for other hired labor includ- 



DELAWARE 



State Table 6.-LIVEST0CK AND POULTRY ON FARMS, NUMBER AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data foe number of livestock nor full) romp am h If for the several Censuses. See tent] 



Item 


, see text) 










Census of— 




(For definitions and explanation. 


1959 

(Oct—Nov.) 


1954 

(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 

(April 1) 


1945 

(January 1 ) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 

(January 1) 


1930 

(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Total value of. specified classes of 






















livestock and poultry 


dollars... 


9,904,430 


8,958,806 


9,865,410 


9,170,731 


5,859,472 


5,110,104 


9,028,220 


7,114,838 


8,518,124 






2,299 


3,516 


4,314 


5,529 


5,911 


7,265 


6,707 


NA 


7,944 




number... 


49,896 


66,003 


59,706 


59,835 


47,241 


51,090 


53,914 


46,160 


46,509 




value, dollars.. . 


7,916,306 


6,744,444 


7,653,845 


5,707,950 


2,655,442 


1,747,330 


4,205,745 


2,573,889 


3,394,160 


Cows, including heifers that have calved 


. .farms reporting. . . 


1,980 


3,185 


4,068 


5,262 


5,598 


7,060 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number... 


27,589 


36,680 


34,206 


40,354 


33,950 


36,036 


30,777 


36,253 


33,775 




value, dollars. . . 


5,683,334 


4,915,120 


5,952,113 


4,754,285 


2,185,749 


1,477,476 


3,203,712 


2,218,166 


2,781,596 


Milk cows 




1,727 


2,822 


3,857 


NA 


5,564 


HA 


6,248 


7,342 


7,521 




number... 


23,500 


31,014 


31,452 


NA 


32,424 


MA 


30,201 


33,793 


33,026 




value, dollars. . . 


5,052,500 


MA 


NA 


NA 


2,104,407 


NA 


3,162,240 


2,095,166 


2,729,742 






1,648 


2,469 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


MA 


NA 




number... 


16,120 


20,407 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


HA 




value, dollars. . . 


1,515,280 


1,142,792 


MA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


MA 


NA 


HA 


Steers and bulls, including steer 
























..farms reporting... 


1,349 


1,990 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number... 


6,187 


8,916 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars... 


717,692 


686,532 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 






1,134 


1,971 


3,884 


MA 


6,885 


8,452 


8,403 


9,252 


NA 




number 


3,093 


4,004 


8,288 


16,628 


21,043 


23,981 


27,412 


31,947 


37,191 




value, dollars. . . 


287,649 


236,236 


564,682 


1,475,488 


2,313,974 


2,386,357 


2,839,055 


2,505,741 


3,334,486 




. . farms reporting 


NA 


MA 


2,857 


4,580 


4,886 


5,823 


NA 


HA 


9,220 




number 


MA 


NA 


6,092 


11,370 


13,217 


14,084 


17,833 


22,496 


27,752 




value, dollars. .. 


MA 


MA 


388,668 


902,366 


1,289,968 


1,232,440 


1,691,933 


1,659,711 


2,172,609 




..farms reporting. . . 


HA 


NA 


1,410 


2,794 


3,674 


4,658 


NA 


NA 


4,052 




■-*»— 


MA 


NA 


2,196 


5,258 


7,826 


9,897 


9,579 


9,451 


9,439 




value, dollars . . . 


MA 


NA 


176,014 


573,122 


1,024,006 


1,153,917 


1,147,122 


846,030 


1,161,877 


Hogs and pigs 


. .farms reporting. . . 


2,182 


3,108 


3,911 


4,363 


4,837 


5,528 


5,740 


4,802 


7,236 




number . . . 


38,085 


41,136 


38,839 


35,171 


22,978 


26,493 


30,341 


24,106 


38,621 




value, dollars .. . 


758,965 


1,084,784 


613,361 


513,893 


195,025 


164,257 


372,644 


285,984 


603,323 


Born since June 1 


. .farms reporting . . . 


1,397 


1,728 


2,162 


NA 


NA 


HA 


1,500 


NA 


NA 




number... 


24,892 


24,728 


19,512 


MA 


NA 


HA 


9,566 


NA 


HA 




value, dollars 


323,596 


395,648 


187,391 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


Bom before June 1 


farms reporting 


1 627 


2 396 


3,010 
19,327 


MA 


4,837 
22,978 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 




number... 


13,193 


16,408 


NA 


MA 


20,775 


NA 


MA 




value, dollars. . . 


435,369 


689,136 


425,970 


NA 


195,025 


NA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


Sheep and lambs 


farms reporting 


130 


147 


92 


82 


85 


128 
2,609 


139 
5,326 


66 
1,749 


135 
3,220 




number... 


4,349 


4,302 


2,838 


2,330 


1,835 




value, dollars... 


67,341 


59,750 


48,824 


22,676 


11,405 


11,871 


51,573 


15,633 


38,397 




.farms reporting. . . 


88 


99 


70 


NA 


MA 


HA 


HA 


NA 


73 




number. . . 


924 


964 


1,153 


MA 


NA 


NA 


1,921 


155 


703 




value, dollars .. . 


14,784 


14,460 


20,754 


NA 


HA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


6,390 


Sheep 1 year old and over 


farms reporting 


121 


131 


86 


NA 


85 


NA 


NA 


HA 


MA 




number . . . 


3,425 


3,338 


1,685 


NA 


1,835 


NA 


3,405 


1,594 


2,517 




value, dollars .. . 


52,557 


45,290 


28,070 


NA 


11,405 


NA 


38,414 


NA 


32,007 




.farms reporting. . . 


119 


124 


83 


61 


70 


107 


MA 


HA 


122 




number . . . 


3,228 


3,101 


1,503 


1,635 


1,578 


2,076 


3,267 


1,501 


2,331 




value, dollars. . . 


48,420 


40,313 


24,626 


14,715 


9,997 


9,446 


36,896 


HA 


29,674 




.farms reporting. . . 


93 


84 


62 


MA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number 


197 


237 


182 


HA 


257 


HA 


138 


93 


186 




value, dollars... 


4,137 


4,977 


3,444 


HA 


1,408 


NA 


1,518 


NA 


2,333 




.farms reporting . . . 


2,701 


3,837 


5,129 


6,277 


7,153 


9,039 


8,930 


9,518 


9,749 




number... 


725,705 


711,803 


757,368 


1,074,250 


901,732 


1,072,909 


1,551,114 


1,365,032 


948,656 




value, dollars .. . 


870,846 


818,573 


955,149 


1,450,724 


651,972 


729,578 


1,559,203 


1 ( 733,591 


1,105,563 




.farms reporting . . . 


22 


89 


227 


MA 


1,443 


2,519 


NA 


NA 


1,552 




number. . . 


627 


3,412 


5,537 


HA 


14,316 


22,810 


NA 


NA 


7,977 




value, dollars . . . 


3,323 


15,019 


29,549 


HA 


31,654 


70,711 


HA 


NA 


42,195 



10 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 7.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 for livestock sold alive and dairy products sold are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 













jensus of- 










(For definitions and explanations, see text) 




















1959 


1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 




(Oct. -Nov. ) 


(Oct.-Nov.) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(January 1) 


Value of sales of livestock and/or livestock products 




















including poultry and poultry products dollars . . . 


59,170,526 


58,565,772 


63,983,302 


53,153,098 


11,216,389 


MA 


9,246,372 






Any livestock sold alive (cattle, horses 




















2,636 


3,212 


4,117 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


value of sales, dollars, . . 


3, 845, 807 


3,017,988 


2,718,591 


\ 




( NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Livestock products other than poultry 








}■ 6,508,294 


2,864,216 


4 










8,312,304 


6,975,995 


6,863,491 


J 




I NA 


NA 


NA 






2,627 


3,366 


4,678 


6,357 


6,353 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


value of sales, dollars. . . 


47,012,415 


43,571,789 


54,401,220 


46,644,804 


8,352,173 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 






















2,013 


2,503 


3,227 


3,583 


3,013 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




26,337 


29,116 


23,547 


26,310 


19,424 




NA 


!'A 


ilA 


dol lars . . . 


2,253,651 


1,665,300 


1,596,055 


848,331 


481, 519 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




1,184 


1,484 


1,446 


NA 


1,200 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


number . . . 


8,038 


10,172 


6,903 


NA 


4,838 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars... 


1,586,699 


1,249,417 


1,108,719 


NA 


268,956 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




1,769 


2,242 


2,932 


NA 


2,640 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number . . . 


18,299 


18,944 


16,644 


NA 


14,586 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars... 


666,952 


415,883 


487,336 


NA 


212,563 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




87 


119 


343 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


number . . . 


213 


208 


717 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars... 


109,880 


25,701 


104,086 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




1,295 


1,623 


2,381 


2,186 


1,527 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number. .. 


43,328 


41,093 


40,667 


32,093 


20,415 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


1,429,824 


1,289,731 


999,314 


529,242 


278,100 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




98 


88 


58 


43 


39 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


number. . . 


4,371 


2,565 


1,111 


956 


557 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars... 


52,452 


37,256 


19,136 


9,751 


3,176 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 




















Sheep and/or lambs shom farms reoorling . . . 


104 


94 


64 


48 


66 


96 


139 


NA 


95 


number shom . . . 


3,867 


3,222 


1,460 


NA 


1,368 


2,070 


2,834 


1,545 


2,496 


* pounds of wool . . . 


24,994 


21,252 


8,947 


11,057 


9,057 


13,510 


17,979 


9,624 


15,875 


value, dollars . . . 


11,247 


10,626 


3,492 


5,197 


2,355 


3,513 


6,559 


3,946 


8,890 




14 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number shorn . . . 


143 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


HA 


pounds of wool . . . 


552 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 




98 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


HA 




3,724 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


pounds of wool . . . 


24,442 


HA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


LITTERS FARROWED 




















Litters farrowed, December 1. previous year 
























1,245 

8,204 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number of litters . . . 


6,258 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 




806 


955 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


number of litters... 


3,437 


3,934 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


HA 




660 


940 


1,503 


1,889 


1,449 


1,302 


1,249 


NA 


2,909 


number of litters . . . 


2,821 


4,270 


4,883 


5,238 


3,269 


2,227 


2,127 


2,649 


4,602 


POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD 






















2,230 


2,513 


3,707 


NA 


4,679 


NA 


6,573 


NA 


6,596 


number . . . 


71,880,913 


62,204,345 


59,304,111 


NA 


16,615,137 


NA 


2,070,702 


NA 


434,970 


dollars. .. 


42,456,377 


41,930,673 


50,502,492 


NA 


8,492,849 


NA 


2,235,324 


NA 


440,673 


Broilers sold farms reporting. .. 


1,483 


1,479 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


HA 


number. . . 


71,214,647 


61,590,692 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


42,016,642 


41,272,681 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


HA 




831 


1,185 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number... 


666,266 


613,653 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars. . . 


439,735 


657,992 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 




1,047 


1,531 


2,583 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7,869 


NA 


8,568 


dozens . . . 


7,345,207 


5,857,007 


6,048,580 


NA 


NA 




9,859,015 


HA 


2,811,908 


dollars... 


3,158,439 


3,523,731 


3,203,470 


NA 


NA 


NA 


3,572,911 


NA 


1,439,544 


Turkeys, ilui'ks, g.s^si.. nml miscellaneous 






















303 


509 


791 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


1,397,599 


3,117,385 


695,258 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 




158 


383 


419 


663 


1,378 


NA 


2,239 


HA 


NA 


number. .. 


412,607 


933,779 


103,903 


71,501 


92,654 


NA 


60,714 


HA 


HA 




281 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


number. . 


6,941 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




62 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


number. . . 


712 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 




23 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


number. . . 


1,135 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


•:jl 


DAIRY PRODUCTS 






















1,189 


1,475 


1 2,018 


'2,562 


'2,754 


NA 


'3,952 


HA 


NA 


dollars . . 


8,301,057 


6,965,369 


'6, 811, 556 


'4,929,726 


'2,225,069 


NA 


'3,134,872 


,!A 


'2,442,253 


Average sales per farm reporting dollars . . 


6,982 


4,722 


4, 375 


'1,924 


'808 


NA 


'793 


NA 


NA 




1,184 


1,450 


1,800 


2,061 


2,096 


NA 


2,752 


NA 


1,936 




178,888,588 


167,480,263 


140,659,477 


135,887,078 


101,549,626 


NA 


98,343,296 


73,543,167 


59,135,759 


dollars.. 


8,300,437 


6,960,379 


6,763,005 


2 4, 860, 522 


2 2,172,220 


NA 


2,975,256 


MA 


1,993,745 




21 


25 


69 


40 


121 


NA 


HA 


1!A 


HA 


pounds of bulterfat . . 


1,165 


7,205 


49,563 


32,155 


105,884 




;ia 


HA 


NA 


dollars . . 


620 


4,990 


28,985 


2 15,384 


2 23,874 


NA 


28,734 


:ia 


81, 011 


Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, and 






















NA 


NA 


203 


3 505 


3 642 


NA 


3 1,258 


HA 


3 3,234 


dollars. . 


NA 


NA 


19,566 


2 53,820 


2 28,975 


NA 


3 130, 882 


NA 


3 367,497 



NA Not available. 
1 A11 dairy products sold. 
2 Published values for 1945 and 1940 1 
products sold. 
3 Butter sold. 



confuted on the basis of average prices. For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal tbe enumerated value of all dairy 



DELAWARE 



11 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 



(For definitions anil explanations, stv text) 










Census of— 










1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 3 ) 


1930 
(April 1) 


(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 




5,208 


6,297 


7,448 


9,296 


8,994 


10,381 


9,707 


10,257 


10,140 


Cropland harvested farms reporting 


4,358 


5,512 


6,448 


8 450 


8 407 


9 957 


9 213 


NA 
404,209 


NA 
2 448,422 


acres... 


416,197 


412,295 


389,283 


416,162 


378,448 


388,722 


407,609 


Total value of crops harvested, 

including horticultural specialties 


32,526,609 


31,268,993 


19,866,474 


18,469,899 


9,213,746 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Total value of crops sold, including 
horticultural specialties and 


26,791,264 


22,999,077 


12,244,569 


9,100,224 


5,025,390 


NA 


8,694,716 


NA 


NA 


Corn: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting... 


3,694 


4,934 


5,625 


7,015 


7,523 


8,807 


8,465 


8,904 


NA 


acres... 


147,737 


169,362 


131,045 


141,654 


137,583 


138,783 


133,012 


136, 214 


NA 


value , dollars . . . 


9,312,011 


9,673,715 


6,109,197 


4,586,319 


2,436,080 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Harvested for grain. ... farms reporting... 


3,659 


4,893 


5,506 


6,978 


7,498 


8,776 


8,405 


8,814 


9,550 


acres... 


141,261 


161,682 


124,638 


138,613 


134,850 


136,052 


129,283 


133,182 


170,612 


bushels. . . 


7,038,193 


5,957,323 


4,159,065 


3,520,994 


3,597,583 


3,936,060 


3,466,565 


3,176,414 


3,686,109 


Sales farms reporting 


2,849 


3,185 


3 2,433 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


2 599 


bushels . . . 


5,059,486 


3,538,784 


1,628,383 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


852,188 


dollars.. . 


6,324,359 


5,485,115 


3 2,031,725 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,363,501 




588 


608 


516 


NA 


297 


NA 


361 


261 


NA 


acres... 


5,954 


6,348 


4,712 


NA 


2,389 


NA 


2,761 


1,876 


NA 


tons, green weight... 


59,912 


53,704 


38,945 


NA 


21,288 


NA 


20,936 


16,327 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 
green or dry fodder. . .farms reporting... 


65 


75 


192 


NA 


59 


NA 


NA 


NA 


4 6,975 


acres... 


522 


1,332 


1,695 


NA 


344 


NA 


968 


1,156 


4 127,358 


Sorghums: 

Sorghums for all 


14 


10 


1 


5 21 


30 






NA 


NA 


acres... 


233 


114 


5 


103 


38 






22 


113 


value, dollars.. . 


19,865 


7,428 


44 


4,635 


1,012 






NA 


3,605 


Harvested for grain 


1 
15 


2 

14 


1 
5 










NA 




bushels. . . 


540 


440 


35 
















1 


NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


bushels . . . 


NA 


220 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars... 


6 910 


286 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




10 


8 




NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


acres... 


161 


100 




NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons, green weight... 


2,447 


857 




NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 
dry forage or hay farms reporting... 


3 






NA 


5 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7 


acres... 


57 






NA 


22 


NA 


NA 


NA 


25 


tons cut... 


61 






NA 


28 


NA 


NA 


NA 


63 










NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 






NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars... 






NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Harvested for sirup. .. .farms reporting... 






NA 


NA 


25 


NA 




NA 


158 


acres... 






NA 


NA 


16 


NA 




5 


88 


gallons... 






NA 


NA 


816 


NA 




NA 


2,660 








NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars. . . 






NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and expl 


nations, see text) 


Census of — 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Small grains harvested: 

Wheat 


.farms reporting 

bushels . . . 
value , dollars . . . 


1,002 

23,958 

617,917 

1,062,817 


1,394 

32,904 

809,946 

1,822,378 


2,123 

59,851 

1,030,209 

1,905,115 


2,743 

63,674 

1,254,513 

1,959,847 


2,829 

63,758 

1,131,176 

883,729 


3,433 

80,241 

1,446,445 

1,330,729 


4,127 

105,735 

1,975,161 

2,322,411 


NA 

96,703 

1,698,481 

2,547,102 


5,312 

125,740 

1,571,567 

3,457,447 


Sales 


. farms reporting . . . 


936 
571,256 
982,560 


1,203 

720,619 

1,621,392 


1,763 
815,573 

NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 




bushels . . - 
dollars . . . 


NA 
NA 




..farms reporting... 


522 

6,090 

204,217 

147,036 


912 

9,905 

371, 586 

274,974 


563 

5,150 

155,708 

112,763 


570 

4,950 

138,773 

127,085 


196 
1,457 
37,488 
17,043 


286 
2,009 
57,879 
31,833 


287 
1,862 
52,947 
32,283 


331 
2,064 

61,373 
40,506 


769 




bushels . . . 
value , dollars . . . 


4,736 
70,791 
67,251 


Sales 


. . farms reporting . . . 
bushels . . . 
dollars . . . 


85 
28,888 
20,800 


144 
47,790 
35,365 


61 
13,250 

NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


82 
8,595 
8,165 




..farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 
value, dollars... 


762 
12,732 
498,442 
458,567 


890 
12,062 
368,994 
346,854 


962 
11,373 
306,806 
255,433 


946 
10,305 
272,720 
345,860 


291 
2,764 
81,981 
49,238 


145 
1,212 
41,551 
24,931 


33 

202 

4,067 

3,457 


6 

54 
793 
754 


10 
85 
625 
812 


Sales 


..farms reporting... 


383 
287,181 
264,206 


256 

113,800 
106,972 


a4 

63,418 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


2 




bushels — 
dollars . . . 


310 
403 




..farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

value , dollars . . . 


880 
10,592 
203,219 
280,442 


1,033 
13,676 
248,660 
372,990 


1,007 
13,489 
189,007 
269,017 


1,415 
17,978 
244,359 
352,744 


1,028 
11,018 
144,676 
99,231 


958 

9,094 

112,599 

94,583 


603 
5,083 
72,206 

85,790 


456 
2,972 
31,108 
38,886 


951 

6,198 

58,235 

101,912 


Sales 


..farms reporting... 


514 
124,837 
172,275 


572 
164,980 
247,469 


586 

103,875 

NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 




bushels . . . 
dollars . . . 


NA 
NA 




. . farms reporting . . . 


21 

195 

2,875 

3,738 


28 

295 

5,012 

4,912 


C) 

C) 

(') 

(') 


NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 


44 

536 

7,355 

4,596 


NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 


150 

1,153 

. 14,661 

14,808 


289 
1,967 
22,486 
25,859 


1,042 




bushels . . . 
value , dollars . . . 


9,443 
75,059 
108,836 




..farms reporting... 
bushels . . . 
dollars. .. 


9 
1,924 
2,501 


2,391 
2,343 


( 7 ) 
(') 

NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 




..farms reporting — 

bushels. .. 
value , dollars . . . 


9 

129 

2,230 

2,230 


3 

41 
620 

744 


7 51 

'512 

7 7,455 

7 11,125 


18 

263 

4,755 

5,706 


NA 

255 

4,705 

3,233 


NA 
43 
414 

314 


NA 

88 

1,813 

1,559 




NA 

176 

2,821 

3,978 




..farms reporting... 
bushels. . . 
dollars. . . 


2 
1,216 
1,216 


1 
150 

180 


7 48 

7 4,204 

NA 


NA 
NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 
NA 


Annual legumes: 

Soybeans grown for all 


farms reporting. . . 


3,093 


3,106 


3,238 


4,061 


4,096 


3,298 


2,172 


NA 


NA 






144,184 


86,365 


70,468 


63,104 


44,631 


29,292 


24,813 


NA 


NA 


Harvested for beans. 


..farms reporting... 


2,960 


2,771 


2,577 


1,882 


1,885 


1,473 


NA 


NA 


57 




acres... 


140,643 


80,801 


60,172 


32,585 


25,844 


NA 


NA 


NA 


371 




bushels. . . 


3,246,234 


1,484,697 


871,406 


293,034 


330,531 


263,637 


211,191 


NA 


3,561 




value, dollars... 


6,817,091 


3,934,447 


1,514,542 


626,418 


306,076 


276,819 


443,529 


NA 


16,737 


Sales 




6,622,317 

282 
2,299 


3,659,036 

594 
4,526 


NA 

1,115 
7,428 


NA 

2,545 
22,841 


NA 

2,599 

16,386 


NA 

2,291 
12,697 


NA 

1,824 
10,338 


NA 

NA 
10, 110 


NA 




. . farms reporting. . . 


1,458 
7,138 




tuns... 


4,363 


5,681 


9,738 


24,511 


19,937 


16,986 


12,316 


NA 


8,791 




value, dollars... 


106,894 


184,632 


194,760 


588,264 


249,410 


212,325 


184,740 


NA 


246,148 


Sales 




10,690 
33 


11,079 
44 


NA 
41 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or 




NA 






464 


383 


270 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value , dollars . . . 


14,848 


17,618 


7,192 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Plowed under for gre 




49 


67 


203 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 






778 


655 


2,598 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


See footnotes at end of 


table.' 





















DELAWARE 



13 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Census of— 



Hay crops (see text): 

Land from which hay was cut 10 acres, 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating. . farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting . 

dollars . 



Clover, timothy, and mixtures 
of clover and grasses 
cut for hay farms reporting. 



value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

value, dollars. 

SaleB farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

value, dollars. 

Sales farms reporting. 

dollars . 



Grass silage made from grasses, 
alfalfa, clover, or 
small grains farms reporting. 



Field seed crops harvested: 
Clover seed: 

Crimson clover seed .... farms reporting. 



Sales dollars . 



Red clover seed farms reporting. 



Sales dollars. 



.farms reporting. 



Sales dollars . . 

RyegTass seed farms reporting.. 

pounds . . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Other field seed crops acres . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,595 
13,435 
362,745 



1,032 
19,239 
31,593 
726,639 



10,807 
15,721 

361,583 



2,597 
3,700 
77,700 



1,954 

12,071 
84,497 



1,270 
1,791 
34,029 



1,947 
389,762 
31,181 



5,962 
11,382 
495,117 



1,426 
24,012 
31,692 

1,148,112 



18,508 
22,143 
730,719 



2,088 
2,537 
76,110 



2,813 
3,016 
93,496 



1,816 
9,552 
62,088 



1,451 
1,684 
44,458 



3,159 
716,666 
129,000 



5,554 
11,919 
322,774 



2,030 

28,460 

42,736 

1,015,633 



1,539 
19,022 
22,384 
470,064 



"1,954 

1,502 

1 38,844 



2,623 
3,163 
63,260 



3,982 
864,252 
51,855 



5,835 
12,565 
379,011 



2,419 
29,742 
35,287 
953 j rj 



1,137 
11,995 

11,465 
286,625 



"3,379 

4,038 

1 101,259 



7,255 

8,574 

181,275 



2,833 
31,176 
34,985 
525,658 



1,052 

7,796 

8,284 

103,550 



"1,898 

2,388 

'26,167 



4,837 
6,0% 

70,044 



"2,742 
"4,600 
3 32,896 



2,590 
521,368 
22,667 



5,578 
12,639 
203,488 



3,862 
38,127 
45,485 

614,048 



3,900 
3,972 
43,869 



35,228 

39,777 



"1,136 

1,055 

"13,715 



13,187 
18,958 
249,605 



"1,762 
"3,661 
*43,728 



6,771 
4,326 



14 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Other field crops harvested: 

Irish potatoes for home use 
or for sale farms reporting, . 

bushels . . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Popcorn farms reporting . . 

po'-Uids ear corn. . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars. . 

Sweetpotatoes farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars.. 

Other field crops acres.. 

value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars.. 

Value of specified crops harvested, 
except fruits, nuts, horticultural 

specialties, and vegetables dollars.. 

Value of crops sold, except fruits, 
nuts, horticultural specialties, 
and vegetables dollars . . 

Vegetables for home use and for sale 
(other than Irish and sweet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for 

home use 17 farms reporting . . 

value , dollars . . 
Vegetables harvested for 

sale 18 farms reporting. . 

Sales dollars . . 

Asparagus farms reporting . . 

Beans, green lima farms reporting.. 

Beans, snap (bush and 
pole types) farms reporting . . 

Beets (table) farms reporting.. 

Broccoli farms reporting. . 

Brussels sprouts farms reporting.. 

Cabbage farms reporting. . 

Cantaloups and 
muskmelons farms reporting . . 

Carrots farms reporting . . 

Cauliflower farms reporting . . 

Corn, sweet farms reporting.. 

Cucumbers and pickles .. farms reporting.. 

Horseradish farms reporting.. 

Kale farms reporting. . 

Peas, green farms reporting.. 

Peppers, hot farms reporting.. 

Peppers, sweet farms reporting.. 

Pumpkins farms reporting . . 

Spinach farms reporting.. 

Squash farms reporting. . 

Tomatoes farms reporting. . 

Turnips farms reporting . . 

Watermelons farms reporting . . 

Other vegetables acres. . 

Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 

Blueberries (tame) farms reporting.. 

quarts. . 
value , dollars . . 

Strawberries farms reporting. , 

value , dollars . . 

Other berries and small fruits acres.. 

value , dollars . . 



8,056 
2,686,583 
3,707,485 
3,438,825 



83,920 
2,084 
2,084 



42,168 
78,011 
46,806 



1,585 

6,123 

1,377,635 

2,176,663 

1,955,933 

60 

814 

1,078,168 

43,127 

43,127 



82,432 
135,188 
99,974 



1,446 

40,033 

5,478,374 



2,342 

1,993 

307,083 

479,392 



2,172 
38,767 
3,571,1 



3,316 

3,384 

169,379 

302,201 



1,457 

1,493 

150,799 

259,925 



1,969 
2,606 

337,900 
216,236 



4,671 
38,336 
494,945 

469 

1,351 

786 

12,768 



1,515 
2,979 

3,077,129 
277,775 



7,042 

6,803 

663,950 

398,370 



3,459 
5,500 

666,357 
466,450 



4,778 

5,829,566 

378,922 



6,391 

33,062 
2,580,645 



2,065 
(20) 
(20) 



5,627 
498,595 
398,876 



See footnotes 






table. 



DELAWARE 



15 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED. AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes 

Land In bearing and nonbeerlng fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees farms reporting... 

Apples f arms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages rumber... 

Trees not of bearing 
age farms reporting... 

•■ 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels. . . 

value, dollars. . . 

Sales dollars. .. 

Grapes farms reporting. . . 

Vines of all ages number... 

Vines not cf bearing 

age farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Vines of bearing 

age farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

pounds . . . 

value, dollars. . . 

Sales dollars.. . 

Peaches farms reporting . . . 

Trees oi all ages number.. . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

value, dollars... 

Sales dollars . . . 

Other tree fruits and 

nuts valu? , dollars . . . 

Sales dollars... 



255,382 
485,226 

416,273 



187,933 
11,275 
11,275 



45,490 
111,451 
111.451 



■ 



320,195 
688,419 
688,419 



219,096 
10,955 
10,955 



96,439 
216,987 
216,987 



543,947 

1,143,842 



46,282 

1,741 
373,330 

821,586 
540,630 

NA 



NA 


1,877 


HA 


457,162 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,445,121 


NA 


115,610 


NA 


NA 


3,361 


NA 


501,111 


557,850 



996,926 < 



2,161,249 1,074,710 I 



KA 






NA Not available. 

Z Reported in small fractions. 

^Figures for cropland harvested arti specified crops relate to the crop years 1959, 1954, 1949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 1924, and 1919. 

available, except that corn cut for borage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of • 






^otal acreage of crops for which figure: 
harvested for grain. 

3 Value of corn and other corn products sold. 
*Corn cut for forage. 

5 Farms reporting sorghums for all purposes, except f 
6 Includes value of sales of sorghums for silage. 
7 Buckwheat threshed or combined included with other grains threshed or combined 

3 The 1944 and 1939 figures do not include acres plowed under for green manure. The 194* figures are 
'For 1944, soybeans and cowpeas harvested for hay. Prior to 1944, annua 1 , legumes saved for haj , but 
°For all Censuses, except 1950, obtained by adding the individual hay crops, 
includes oats cut for feeding unthreshed. 
12 Silage crops other than corn and sorghums. 



3 Clc 



K-d, 






*Clover seed, including sweetclover. 
15 For 1959 and 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested; for 1949, does ; 

6 Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing privileges. 

'Excludes Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes, except for the 1920 Census nhicb included potatoes /or home use 

"Excludes Irish end eweet potatoes. 

9 Green lima beans Included with snap beans. 
20 Hot peppers included with sweet peppers. 

21 For Censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. 
"^For 1959 and 1954, does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



include acreage for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. 






Include acreage for : 



reporting less than l/2 I 



16 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



(For definitions rind explanations. 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 
and bulbs sold farms reporting . 



.farms reporting. . 
dollars . . 

.farms reporting. , 



. -dollar 



.farms reporting. 



Cut fiiiwrs, potted plants, florist 

greens, and bedding plants 

Grown under glass farms reporting. 

square feet.. 
Grown in the open farms reporting. 

Sales dollars . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, 
bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting . , 



. farms reporti ng . 

square feet. 

..farms reporting. 



Grown under glass or in ho 

Grown in the open 

Sales dollars . 

Any forest products CUt and/Of SOld farms reporting. 



sofa 



Sales of all other forest produi 



Sales of firewood, pulnwood, fence posts, sawlogs, 
veneer logs, and Christmas trees farms reporting. 



Firewood mid Iiu'Iim.**! . 



426 



Z5t 



419,158 

191 
355,338 

90 
63,820 

72 
50,246 

22 
13,574 

195 
1,628 



NA Hot available. 

^■Excludes data for farms uncla 

2 Trees, plants, 



ified 



; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 
3 Flowers and flowering p. mts grium for sale. 
A Crops grown under glass (floweu , plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. 
5 Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass; and flowers grown in the open. 
6 Total square feet under glass. 

7 Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown in the open. 
8 Value of vegetables and vegetable plants. 

9 Not strictly comparable with other years as figures probably include some reports of firewood i 
10 Figures include sales of standing timber. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 10.— CHARACTERISTICS OF PLACES NOT COUNTED AS FARMS BECAUSE OF CHANGE IN 

DEFINITION OF FARM: 1959 



17 



Item 
(For definitions and explanation 

Places excluded as farms by change in definition . 19541959 number 

Cropland harvested places reporting 

Under 10 acres places reporting 

10 or more acres places reporting 

Operators by tenure: 

Full owners number 

Part owners and n » nagi < number 

Tenants number 

Operators by color: 

While number 

NonwhiU) number 

Operators by year began operation of present place: 

1959 operators reporting 

1956 operators reporting 

1957 . operators reporting 

1958 operators reporting 

1951-1955 operators reporting 

1950 or earlier operators reporting 

Operators by age: 

Under 55 years operators reporting 

55 to 64 years operators reporting 

65 or more years operators reporting 

Operators not reporting age number 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Operators by days of work off place in 1959: 

No days operators reporting 

1 to 49 days u|>eratora reporting 

SO to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

Operators not reporting number 

Operators reimrtinf other incoi <f faftlUj • •xceeding 

value of farm products sold operators reportinp 

Cattle and caKus of all ages places reporting 

number 
Cows, including heifers (hot have calved places reporting 

Hogs and pips . . , .places reporting 

Chickens 4 months old and over places r.-r-rtm^ 

number 

Com harvested for all purposes places reporting 

Hay harvested places reporting 



State Table 11.— DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Census of 1959 
Census starting date — November 11 

Approximate average date of 

Percent of farms enumerated during- 

October 1 to 10 

October 11 to 17 

October 18 to 24 

October 25 to 31 

November 1 to 7 

November 8 to 14 

November 15 to 21 

November 22 to 28 

November 29 to December 5 . . . . 

December 6 to 12 

December 13 to 19 

December 20 or later 

Z Less than 0, 5. 



Census of 1954 

Census starting date — November 8 

Approximate average date of enumeration week of 

Percent of farms enumerated during— 

October lto9 

October 10 to 16 

October 17 to 23 

October 24 to 31 

November 1 to 6 

November 7 to 13 

November 14 to 20 

November 21 to 27 

November 28 to December 4 

December 5 to 11 

December 12 to 18 

December 19 to 31 



Nov. 29-Dee. 5 

PercrrU 



Nov. 21-Nov. 27 



18 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 12.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON FARMS AND BY QUANTITY 
OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



[Data for cattle and calves on hand, c 



i hand, and animals sold alive are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lext] 



(for definitions and explai 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand . 



Cows on hand, including heifers that have calved. . 



50 to 74 . . . . 
75 to 99 . . . 
100(ol99. 



Milk cows on hand. . 



15 to 19. 
20 to 29. 
30 to 4<> . 



75 to 99... 
100 to 199. 
200 to 499. 



Cattle sold alive, excluding calves . 



Hogs and pigs of all ages on hand . 
l to9 



- rci">rtm_'. 

s reiorl.ini:. 
s reporting. 
S report ina. 
s reporting. 






- reporting. 
s reporting. 



j reportinc.. 



■ reporting . 



- reportinj! 



■ 'i ■; « >rt ] n i' . , 

- reporting. . 

■ reporting. , 



Hogs and pigs sold alive.. 



Sheep and lambs of a'l ages on nand. . 



Wool shorn (excluding lambs wool) . 

Under 1,000 pounds 



50,000 or more oounds 

Chickens 4 months old a 



50 to ?S . . . 
1011 to 399 . 

■ 



Broilers (chickens) sold . 



8,000 ^ 15.999 . 
10,000 to 29,999. 

80,000 to ! 



Chickens (other than broilers) sold . 



r 100 dozens.. 
O.109 dozen?. . 
o 79n dozens.. 
r> 1,599 dozens 



10,000 t 
30.000 b 
50,000 n 



l.fiOe io 
3.200 to 
10,00(i c 



3 reportinj;. . 






pounds . 

~ rofxirt i n;: . . 
i rejxjrtinti. . 

3 repotting. 
a reporting . 
i rofiorlinc 



- rejmriin-j . . 
i reporting. . 



3 roporting. . 

number.. 

3 reporting. . 



dozens 
ms reporting 
■n„- reporting 
ms reporting 
t. ? ro porting 
■ms reporting 
in- rrnortinp 



- re| irtii _■ 



2,701 

725,705 

1,609 



NA Not available. 



DELAWARE 



19 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OK 1959 AND 1954 

Data for all crops except rom, Irish potatoes, and forest products are based on report? for only a sample of farm-. See taxi 



CORN 
Acres harvested for all purposes farms reporting. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farm 

10 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 1 5 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms report ing . 

20 to 24 acres farm; n part tig . 

25 to 29 acres farms report ing . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting . 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting. 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 or more acres farms reporting . 

Acres harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 acres farms reporting . . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . , 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . , 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . , 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting . . 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . . 

300 to 399 acres farms rep. rting . . 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Com sold farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Under 100 bushels farms reporting. , 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting . . 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting . . 

WHEAT 
Acre3 harvested farms reporting . . 

Under 5 acres farmr. reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms report ing . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . 

15 acres farms reporting . . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 bushels f am, 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting:.. 

3,000 to i,999 bushels farms reporting. . 

5,000 or more bushels farms reporting . . 

Quantity sold farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 bushels farmi in 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . . 

3,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting . . 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

5,000 or more bushels farms reporting . . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



3,659 

141,261 

7,038,193 



BARLEY 
Acres harvested 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farm.. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acrea farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting; . 

25 to 29 acres farms rep .rting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farm- 

200 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 20 bushe Ls farms reporting. . 

20 to 24 bushe Ls .farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting'. 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

L, 199 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting . 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farm.: reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms rep arting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting, 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms report ing . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporti ng . 

RYE 
Acres harvested farms reporting. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

."■ -;. farms reporting. . 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms report ing . . 

20 to 24 acres Farmi 

25 to 29 acre.-: farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farm,- reporting . , 

100 or mare acres farms reporting . , 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

. 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting . . 

20 to 34 bushels farms reporting.. 

ishels farms reporting . , 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting . , 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . , 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. , 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. . 

5,000 to 9,999 bushel;- farms reporting.. 

10,000 or more bushels - farms reporting. . 

Quantity sold farms c 

bushels . . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting . . 

farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 bushels farms rep' rting. . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. . 

1,500 to 1,99 farms reporting.. 

2,000 or more bushels farms reporting. . 

S0YBEA';. BEANS 
Acres harvested farms reporting.. 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. . 

res farms reporting. . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 or more acres .farms reporting. . 

Quantity harvested .farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 



20 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED. 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crop? except com, Irish potatoes, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text} 



(1W definitions r\n,| p\plar;ihnn--. 



ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES CUT FOR HAY 

AND FOR DEHYDRATING 

Acres harvested farms reporting . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting - . 

15 acres farms reporting. . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 or more acres farms report ing . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting. . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . . 

500 or more ' tons farms reporting . . 

Quantity sold farms reporting.. 

Uni...r 25 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . . 

50 or more tons farms reporting . . 

CLOVER, TIMOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF CLOVER 
AND GRASSES CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . 

15 acres farms reporting . . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 tons ". farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 tans farms reporting.. 

200 or more tons farms reporting . . 

Quantity sold farms reporting. . 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . . 

100 or more tons farms reporting . , 

LESPEDEZA CUT FOR HAY 
Acres harvested farms reporting . , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

200 or more tons farms reporting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 or more tons farms reporting . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



OATS, WHEAT, BARLEY, RYE, OR OTHER 
SMALL GRAINS CUT FOR HAY 
Acres harvested farms report ing . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. . 

15 acres farms reporting . . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting.. 

50 or more tans farms reporting . . 

Quantity sold farms reporting.. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . . 

25 or more tons farms reporting.. 

OTHER HAY CUT 
Acres harvested . farms reporting . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 acres farms report ing . . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting.. 

15 acres farms reporting . . 

16 to 19 acres — farms report ing . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 or mare acres farms reporting., 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . , 

Under 20 tans farms reporting., 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tans farms reporting.. 

50 or more tons farms reporting.. 

Quantity sold farms reporting.. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 or more tons farms reporting. 

CRASS SILAGE MADE FROM GRASSES, ALFALFA, 
CLOVER, OR SMALL GRAINS 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms report ing . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms report ing . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

tons , green weight . 

Under 20 tans farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tans farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting. 

200 to 499 tans farms reporting . 

500 or more tons farms reporting. 



20 J 



DELAWARE 



21 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Dam for all craps except com, Insh potato©*, and forest products are bwod on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



tRISH POTATOES 



10.0 to 24.9 i 



25.0 to 49.9 



bushels . 
.farms reporting. 



bushels . 
.farms reporting . 



bushels, 
.farms report ing . 



bushels . 
.farms reporting. 



bushels, 
•farms reporting. 



bushels . 



bushels . 
•farms reporting. 



bushels . 
.farms reporting. 



Value of sales farms reporting . 

dollars. 

under $20 farms reporting . 

$20 to $24 farms reporting. 

$25 to $49 farms reporting. 

$50 to $99 farms reporting . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $1,499 farms reporting. 

$1,500 to $1,999 farms reporting. 

$2,000 to $2,999 farms reporting. 

$3,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting . 



.farms reporting . 

.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
-farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
-farms reporting, 
.farms report ing - 
.farms reporting, 
-farms reporting, 
-farms reporting, 
-farms reporting . 
.farms reporting, 
-farms reporting. 
.farms report ing - 



1.6 to 1.9 i 



2.0 " 



i 2.4 : 



2.5 to 2.9 ac: 

3.0 to 4.9 ac: 
5.0 to 9.9 ac: 
10.0 to 19.9 ; 
20.0 to 24.9 ■ 
25.0 to 29.9 i 
30.0 to 49.9 - 
50.0 to 99.9 i 
100 or more a 



8,056 
2,686,583 



7,569 
2,553,8 



110 \ 

151 ; 



10 

-J} 



1,585 

6,123 

1,377,635 

1,454 

74 



5,495 
1,255,294 



FOREST PRODUCTS 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under $25 farmfl reporting. 

$25 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $299 farms reporting. 

$300 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting. 

cords (4 ■ x4 ' x8 ' ) . 

Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting . 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting. 

100 to 499 cords farms reporting. 

or more cords farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting . 

cords (4 l x4'x8 l ) . 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting . 

cords (4'x4'x8') . 

Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting . 

50 to 99 cords farmt, reporting - 

100 to 199 cords farms reporting . 

200 to 499 cords farms reporting. 

or more cords farms reporting. 

Fence posts cut farms reporting . 

number. 

Under 100 fence posts farms reporting . 

100 to 499 fence poets farms reporting . 

500 to 999 fence posts farms reporting . 

1,000 to 4,999 fence posts farms reporting. 

5,000 or more fence posts farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

number . 

Sawlogs and veneer logs sold farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet . 

Under 1,000 board feet farms reporting. 

1,000 to 2,499 board feet farms reporting. 

2,500 to 4,999 board feet farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 board feet farms reporting. 

10,000 to 19,999 board feet farms reporting. 

20,000 to 49,999 board feet farms reporting . 

50,000 to 99,999 board feet farms reporting. 

100,000 or more board feet farms reporting. 

Christmas trees sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Under 100 trees farms reporting . 

100 to 499 trees farms reporting . 

500 to 999 trees farms reporting . 

1,000 to 4,999 trees farms reporting. 

5,000 or more trees farms reporting . 



NA Not available. 

1 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested . 

2 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines . 



22 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 



[Figures on number of workers and wage r 



2 the week prec -. -■ lin iz 'he 



Data are based on reports for only a sample of ("amis. See text J 



Total all farms 



Economic class, 1959 



Commercial farms 



Hired workers farms 

1 hired worker farms 

2 hired workers farms 

3 or 4 hired workers farms 

5 to 9 hired workers farms 

10 or more hired workers farms 

3 days) farms 



Regular workers (to be enwloyed 150 c 



1 hired worker farms 

2 hired workers farms 

3 or 4 hired workers ... . . - . ... -farms 

5 to 9 hired workers farms 

10 or r.iore hired workers ............ . . ..... . farms 



Seasonal workers (to be employi 



less 






1 hired worker farms 

2 hired workers farms 

3 or 4 hired workers farms 

5 to- 9 hired workers farms 

10 or more hired workers farms 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms 

Paid on a monthly basis farms r 



persons. . 
reporting. . 
reporting 
reporting. - 
repottii ■* 
reporting. . 
reportinc ■ 

persons . . 
rep ■.■' ng 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 

persons . . 
r>:sKiriine. . 
reporting. . 
re porting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting.. 
reporting. , 
reporting, 
reporting. . 



Average hours worked per person per month 

Average wage rate per person per month 

Under $50 per month farms 

S50 to $84 per month farms 

$85 to $109 per month farms 

$110 to $129 per month farms 

$130 to $169 per month farms 

$170 toS214 per month farms 

$215 to $274 per month farms 

$275 to $324 per month farms 

$325 to $374 per month farms 



?:'75 an- 1 - 






month. farms 



...hours., 
..dollars., 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting . 
reporting., 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
report ng, 
reporting. 



Paid on a weekly basis farms r 

Average hours worked per person per week 

Average wage rate per person per week 

Under $12 per week farms r 

$12 to $24 per week farms 

$25 to $29 per week farms 

$30 to $39 per week farms 

$40 to $49 per week farms 

$50 to $59 per weok farms 

$60 to $69 per week farms 

$70 to S79 per week farms 

$80 to $89 per week farms 

$90 and over per week - farms 

Paid on a daily basis farms r 

Average hours worked per person per da) 

Average wage rale per person per day . 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day. farms 

$5 per day farms 

S6 per day fami9 



..dollars., 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting . . 

reportinc. 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reportinp. 



$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

S12 ami over per day .. farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms r 



. .dollars . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 
r. porting, 
reporting. 



3 per person per hour illoi 



$0.75 b 
$0.85 b 
$1,00 



$0.99 |>er houi 
SI. 14 per houi 
$1.29 :» i houi 



- ri'portini*. 

- reporting 

■ rept r'-n ; ;. 



Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reports . 

persons . 
Vverage earnings per person. - -. .dollars. 

NA Not available. 



1,921 
5,773 
1,044 



DELAWARE 



23 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Figures on number of workers and wage r 



3 for hired persons working ihn week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on rejtorts for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Hired WOrkefS farms reporting . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

.1 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 



Regular workers (to he employed 150 c 



e days) . 



i workers farms 

hired workers farms 



reporting ■ 
persons, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
returning, 
reporting . 

Seasonal workers (to he employed Iws than ISO days) farms reporting. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reoorting. , 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting 



Paid on a mortlhly basis 

Average hours worked per person per month 

Average wage rale per person per month 

Under $50 per month farms 

$50 to $84 per month farms 

o $109 per month farms 



$110 t- 
$130 u 
$170 ti 
$215 ti 
$275 u 
$325 ti 
$375 a 



$274 per " 
$324 per n 
$374 per n 






reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Paid on a weekly basis farms r 



dollai 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to 529 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting., 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting. 

$90 and over per week farms reporting . 

Paid On a daily basis farms reporting. 

..dollars. 

reporting. 
report ing . 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 

reporting . 

reporting . 



Average hours worked per person per day 

\verage wage rate per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. 

a $0.54 per hour. farms reporting. 

j $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

j $0. 74 per hour farms reporting . 

j $0, 84 per hour farms report i ng . 

:> $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

■> $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

> $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

3 $1. 44 per hour farms reporting . 

nd over per hour farms reportine. 



Economic class, 1959-CunUnuiHl 



(For definitions and oxplai 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

Average earnings per person dollars 



24 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions ami .■xphinahons, see text) 



Total all farms 



Type of farm 



Other field-crop 



Hired workers farms 

l hired worker 

J or 4 hired workers 

j to 9 hired workers 

ion- hired workers 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) . . . 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



.■|..r:in ; * 

persons 
s ri'[*.rtini! 
s reporting 
s reporting 
-: n't-urlim' 
s reporting 
s reporting 

persons 
a reporting 
s reporting 
s ro|]i.rlini; 
s reporting 
S reporting 

s reporting 
a reporting 
s reporting 
9 reporting 

9 reporting 

- reporting 
s reporting 
a reporting 



Paid on a monthly basis farms r 



Average hours worked per person per month . 

Average wage rate per person per month 

Under $50 per month 

£50 to $84 per month 

£85 to £109 per month 

$110 to $129 per month 

$130 to $169 per month 

S170 to £214 per month 

$215 to $274 per month 

$275 to $324 per month 

$325 to £374 per month 

$375 and over per month 



Paid on a weekly basis farms 



Average hours worked per |»tsom per week. . 

Average wage rato per person per week 

Under $12 per week 

$12 to S24 per week 

$25 to $29 per week 

$30 to $39 per week 

£40 to $49 per week 

$50 to $59 per week 

$60 to £li'J per week 

$70 to $79 per week 

$80 to $89 per week 

$90 and over per weuk 



. . .dollars 

- reporting 
9 reporting 

reportm? 

- reporting 

[HTSlinS 



Paid on a daily basis farms 

Average hours worked per person per day 

Average wage rare per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$11 per day - farms 

$12 and over per day Tarms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms 



Average wage mto per person per hour 

Under $0.45 per hour. farms 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour. farms 

£0.55 to $0.64 per hour. farms 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour. farms 

£0.75 to $0.H4 per hour farms 

£0.85 to $0.99 per hour. farms 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms 

£1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms 

$1.30 to S1.44 per hour farms 

£1.45 and over per hour farms 



■ ri-jKiniri!' 
s reporting 

- reporting 
a reporting 

- reporti ne 

reporting 

■ reporting 
■■ reporting 

- reportinc 

- reporting 

reporting 
, .dollars 

reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
report i nj; 
n'|H,r!uiL' 
reporting 

reporting 

. .dollars 

ri'|Kirt!riL' 

reporting 

rv|*irtini' 
report i n;; 
reporting 

report hil' 



Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting 

persons 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration rarms reporting 

persons 
\verage earnings per person dollars 

NA Not available. 



1,921 

5,773 
1,044 



DELAWARE 



25 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

j Figures on number or workers anil wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based «n reports for only a sample or farms. Sot- text] 

Type of farm— Continued 

Livestock farms 
Other than poultry 
and dairy farms 

and livestock 



Hired workers far™ reportm.: . 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or -1 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

1(J or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular workers {to lie employed 15(1 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers .farms reporting. 

10 or more hired wnrk.Ts farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . , 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or i hired workers .farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms rcoortin-r. , 

Regular hired worki^s and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting . . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. , 

Seasonal hired worker-; and no regular hired workers . .farms reporting. , 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rale per person per month dollars. , 

Under $50 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. . 

585 to $109 per month farms reporting. . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farm* reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farm-, reporting . . 

$215 to $274 per month fam.s rerorting. . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting . . 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting.. 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person |>er week hours . . 

Average wage rale per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. . 

$12 to $24 dct week farms reporting. . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. , 

$30 to $39 per week farm- reportim:. . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. . 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting.. 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting.. 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid On a daily basis farms reporting.. 

Average hours worked per person ner day hours.. 

Average wage ran* per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 pet day farms reporting . . 

54 per day farms reporting . . 

$5 per day farms reporting. . 

S6 per day farm- reporting . . 

$7 per day farms reporting . . 

$8 per day farms reporting. . 

$9 per day farm- reporting. . 

$10 per day farms reporting . . 

$11 per day farms reporting. . 

$12 and over per day farms reporting . . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Average wage rale f>er person per hour dollars . . 

Under $0.45 per hour forms reporting.. 

$0.45 to 50.54 per hour farms reporting. . 

50.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . 

50.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting.. 

$L30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. . 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Average earnings per person dollars . . 



26 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and expranal 



Total all farms 



H ired workers farms reportint 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or mom hired workers . 



Regular workers (to he employed 150 o 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



- report) n E 
3 reporting 
■ rcj-.Ttiric 

- rr-porUni7 
3 reporting 

- reporting 
persons 

reporting 

- reporting 
i reporting 

s reporting 

* reporting 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). , 



j 9 hired workers 

or more hired workers . 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. 
Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . 



Under S50 per month 

$50 to $84 per month 

$85 to $109 per month. ... 
$110 to $129 per month. . . 
$130 to $169 per month. . . 
$170 to $214 per month. . . 
$215 to $274 per month. . . 
$275 to $324 per month. . . 
$325 to $374 per montii. . . 
$375 and over per month. 



■ reporting 



Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting 

Average hours worked per person per week hours 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars 

Under $12 per week farms reporting 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting 

$40 to $49 per week farms reportint; 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting 

$90 and over per week farms reporting 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting 

persons 



Average hours worked per person per day 

Average wage rate per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day. farms 

) per day farms 



$10 p 



day.. 



$11 per day. . 



ri'rmriini- 



r.-i-cin,.. 



Paid Ofl an hourly basis farms reporting 

persons 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting 

3 $0.54 per hoi. farm-; reporting 

d $0.64 per hour farms reporting 

a $0.74 per hour farms reporting 

i $0.H1 per hnur farms reporting 

i $0.99 per hour farms reporting 

j $1.14 per hour farm.- reporting 

3 $1.29 per hour farms reporting 

a $1.44 per hour farms reporting 

nd over per hour farms reporting 



Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms repomm 

Average earnings per person dollar; 

NA Not available. 



1,921 
5,773 
1,044 



DELAWARE 



27 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

; Figures on number of workers and wage rale^ are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are (wised on reports Tor only a sample of forms. See text J 



(For definitions and explat 



Hired WOfkers farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker - - farms reporting.. 

2 hired «■<»■■ farms reporting . 

.1 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 u> 9 hired workers *. .farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to lie employed 151) or more days) farms reporting. 

persons 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

E hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired worker- . . . .farms reporting 

5 to 9 hired worker*. farms reporting 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal worker-; (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting . . 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . , 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. , 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired *orker= farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. . 

Paid Of! 3 monthly basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . 

\verage wage rate per person per north dollars . 

Under S50 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting , 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting . 

$110 to $129 per month farms report inc. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per nonth farms reporting. 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

persons. 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting . 

$25 to $29 per week fami.< reporting . 

$30 toS39 per week farms reporting . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$90 and over per week farms reporting . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting., 

persons . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . 

\verage *age rate per person per day dollars . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting . 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting . 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 per day farms reporting. 

$11 per day farms reporting. 

$12 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid On an hourly basis farms reporting. 

\verage wage rate per person per hour dollars . 

Under $0,45 per hour fam.s reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

S0.55 to $0.64 [K-t hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting . 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms repor 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

51.30 to $1.44 per hour farms repor 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piecework basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

persons . 



28 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Averape per farm dollars 

Averape per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reportinp 

1 to 9 acres farms reportinp 

10 to 19 acres farms reportinp 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reportinp 

100 to 190 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reportinp 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reportinp 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reportinp 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured farms reportinp 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Hther pasture (not cropland and not woodland) -farms reportinp 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting 

Land in strip- cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reportinp 

System of terraces nn crop and pasture land forms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 vears numher 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reportinp 

200 or more days operators reporti np 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members nf farmls workim; uff farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,203 
100.0 
754,382 
100.0 
145.0 



4,428 

418,976 
468 



2,292 

50,318 
1,186 
28,062 



6,030 

3,469 

■ 182, 376 



7,476 

173 

15,867 



1,111 
1,268 
1,232 



2,200 
650 
261 

1,289 
743 

1,030 

1,326 

3,003 

499 

1,114 

384 



74.7 

685,582 

90.9 

176.4 



4,750 

2,633 

158,611 



154,636 
20.5 
388.5 



14.9 

140,249 

18.6 

181.4 



DELAWARE 29 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

fDala are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Soe text] 



- and explanations, see text) 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms -Continued 



Part-retirement 



FARMS, ACREAGE. AND VALUE 
FatmS number . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres . 

Percent distribution percent . 

Average 9i*o of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm. , dollars. 

Average per acre do! lars . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . , 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil -improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 dayB operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

220 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 to 1 .999 acres number. . 

2,000 or more acres number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



17.6 

139,817 

18.5 

152.3 



::: 



30 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lextj 





Total 
all 




Econom 


c class 




Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 




Commerc 


«ir™» 






Total 


Class I 


Class II 


a ass m 


FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 


3,143 
1,310 
644 
131 
60 
240 
33 
50 
130 

3,003 

1,265 

624 

45 

140 

45 
20 
5 

980 

39 

106 

8 

1,532 

728 

140 

274 

1,396 

1,776 

1,903 

1,898 

2,006 

843 

856 

320 

362 

3,518 

5,309 

4,262 

9,442 

4,041 

8,259 

1,829 

1,164 

653 

189 

206 

4,016 

8,122 

125 

137 

1,098 

1,183 

4,630 

5,995 

4,937 

4,572 

3,353 

980 

994 

106 

1,850 

3,981 
169 
933 

615 
318 
268 
50 

1,076 

2,633 

752 

1,680 

416 
188 
83 
49 
16 

4,664 
277 
262 


2,112 
1,140 
534 
106 
60 
220 
33 
45 
70 

2,077 

1,110 

529 

45 

35 
30 

5 

980 

39 
106 
8 
1,532 
728 
140 
274 
80 

1,620 

1,742 

1,787 

1,895 

807 

820 

315 

357 

2,888 

4,619 

3,281 

8,067 

3,175 

7,174 

1,159 

989 

633 

189 

205 

3,155 

7,043 

119 

131 

818 

893 

3,489 

4,553 

3,713. 

3,506 

2,632 

960 

974 

96 

1,789 

3,066 
108 
613 
385 
228 
198 
30 

1,026 

2,568 

747 

1,675 

411 
188 
83 
49 
16 

3,514 
211 
162 


160 

165 

47 

6 

5 

1 

35 

160 
165 
47 

14 

19 
26 

3 
276 
22 

7 
21 
10 

149 

183 

201 

247 
60 
63 
45 
62 

324 
1,054 

322 
1,295 

316 
1,185 

103 
63 
29 
27 
94 

316 
1,151 
28 
34 
95 

110 

381 
600 
397 
372 
260 
55 
44 
20 
178 

269 
28 
72 
40 
32 
32 

239 

1,187 

212 

803 

68 
61 
36 
32 
15 

347 
39 
12 


355 
254 
92 
5 
15 
30 
12 
10 
20 

355 
254 

92 
10 

67 

20 
10 

521 

101 
6 
33 
15 

332 
362 
347 
383 
165 
170 
110 
115 
598 
972 
633 
1,623 
603 
1,416 
201 
160 
142 
67 
33 
603 
1,401 
15 
15 
172 
207 

728 
1,012 
768 
758 
582 
160 
155 
36 
386 

627 
10 

116 
80 
36 
36 

296 
602 
250 
446 

132 
76 
36 
5 

1 

702 
41 
30 








Cosh tenants number. .. 


155 
45 




80 
5 

15 


White farm operators: 




Nonwhite farm operators: 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 


330 
150 
15 

20 
5 

117 








25 
5 
470 
245 
21 
85 


SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KTND OF ROAD 


15 
467 


number... 


508 
512 




517 
281 


number. .. 


281 

105 


number.. . 


120 
813 




1,099 
843 

2,101 
803 

1,881 
225 


o t/actora farms reporting 


250 
232 




45 
51 




803 


number... 


1,871 
10 
10 

215 




220 
912 




1,142 
968 




95: 




717 
335 


Farms by kind of road on which located: 


355 
15 
548 

787 




25 

150 
110 




40 
25 


2 or 3 miles farms report! ng . . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

persons... 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting... 

persons... 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 


15 

308 
465 
188 

279 

140 
36 
1 


RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 


11 

927 
31 
25 



DELAWARE 31 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Dill n wo based on roports for only n snraplo of farms. See toxtj 



F\HMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OK OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners . . . .number. 

Port owners number. 

Ail -.-iii' number, 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Crop-9hare tenants number . 

Livestock- share tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

Other and unspecified tenants .number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants . . , .number. 

Croppers number. 

Non while farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number. 

Tobacco farms numher. 

Cotton farms number. 

Other field-crop farms number. 

Vegetable farms number. 

Fruit- and- nut farms number. 

Poultry farms number. 

Dai ry farms number . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number. 

General farms number . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KtND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number., 
Pick-up balers .farms report ing. , 

number. , 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. , 

number., 
Motortrucks farms reporting. , 

number., 
Tractors farms reporting., 

number . , 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting, , 

number., 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors , farms reporting. , 

4 tractors farms reoorti ng . , 

5 or moretractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Garden tractors .farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Automooiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles and or motortrucks /arms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or otiier crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporti ng . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road .farms reporting.. 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers . . ,. farms reporting. . 

persons.. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers .farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. , 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operator" not reporting residence number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Economic cliis.s-OontinuoH 



?ial farms-Continued 



32 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



Dry materials,. . . 
Liquid materials. 



- reporting. . 
5 reporting.. 



3,713 
331,151 

74,040 
3,697 

70,501 

183 

3,539 



Dry materials.. 
Liquid material 



s reporting. , 
s reporting. . 



Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



-■ ri-'fmrtinc. . 
S reporting., 
s reporting. 



Pry materials.... 

Liquid materials. 
Wheat 

Dry materials. .. . 

Liquid materials. 
Irish potatoes. 

Dry materials. .. . 

Liquid materials. 



i reporting.. 
3 reporting., 

- reporting- , 
3 reporting. , 
5 reporting. , 

5 reporting.. 
9 reporting.. 
9 reporting. . 



3,195 

134,779 

3,139 

25,789 



2,619 

126,594 
2,568 

24,203 



All 



Dry materials. .. 
Liquid materials 



-. r.'|x.irlniL'. . 
s reporting . , 
9 reporting. , 



rials used during the year. . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the follow: ml' specified expenditures farms 

Feed for livestock and poultJpy farms 

Under S100 farms 

S100 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to S1.999 farms 

S2.000 to $4,999 forms 

$5,000 or more farms 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms 

Under $1,000 farms 

$1,000 to $2,499 forms 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$10,000 or more farms 

Machine hire farms 

Under $200 farms 

S200 to $999 forms 

$1,000 or more farms 

Hired tabor. farms 

Under $200 farms 

$200 to $499 farms 

- -S500 to 5999 farms 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms 

$50,000 or more farms 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $499 farms 

$500 to $999 farms 

$1,000 or more farms 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $499 farms 

$500 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 or more farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. . 
dollars.. 

reporting.. 

reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
dollars.. 
re|«>rting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
ro(x>rting . . 



reporting., 
reporting.. 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 

dollars., 
reporting. . 
retorting. . 
re-purling . . 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting.. 
reporting., 

dollars.. 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
ri-'[n->rlinc.. . 
reporting. . 

reporting.. 
dollars., 

reporting., 
reporting. . 

reporting . . 



2,192 

131,172 

2,186 

27,306 



1,666 
69,171 
64,571 



5,178 
4,108 

36,052,985 



3,054 

9,016,074 

1,432 



2,689 

870,086 

1,400 

1,174 



3,282 

1,492,564 

1,484 

1,334 



5,098 

2,442,117 

1,417 

2,049 



1,767 
124,577 
1,761 
26,095 
23 
1,905 
1,421 
65,131 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



DELAWARE 33 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data ue based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



USE OF COSfMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fortiluor and fertilising 

materials used during the year farms reporting, . 

acres on which used.. 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting .. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Corn farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Dry materials. farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

All other crops , farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. , 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting . . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100. farms reporting . . 

$100 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 or more Farms reporting . . 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200. farms reporting . . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Hired labor. farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200. farms reporting . . 

$200 to $499 rams reporti ng . . 

$500 to 5999 farms reporti ng . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 Tarns reporting . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting . . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more Tarns reporting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 or more, farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more, farms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



34 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Commercial farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars . . 

average per farm, dollars.. 
All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars . , 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Milk cows farms reporting . . 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head. farms reporting . . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head. farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that havo cidved- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more hoad forms reporting . . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head. farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 09 head. farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

number.. 
HogS and pigs farms reporting . . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Born before June 1 farms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting . . 

Ewes farms reporting.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting., 

dollars.. 
MUk and cream sold 1 farms reporting., 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers «old farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 



84,747,980 

16,288 

24,937,483 

16,813,672 

4,442,438 
509,998 

3,171,375 
59,810,497 
47,786,328 

8,260,392 



2,459 
58,163 

2,153 
32,255 

1,854 
27,254 

1,765 
18,145 

1,524 

7,763 



1,193 
3,574 
2,206 

37,055 
1,391 

22,388 
1,649 

14,667 

115 



dollar 



2,013 
26,337 
2,158,651 
1,295 
43,328 
1,429,824 



1,184 

177,919,802 

8,260,392 

2,354 

42,868,981 

1,248 

8,552,950 

3,677,770 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 

15,980,875 

4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



898 
2,789 
1,646 

32,805 
1,046 

19,818 
1,244 

12,987 

85 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



38,156,466 
95,871 
9,677,456 
4,425,220 
2,959,590 
367,644 
1,925,002 
28,479,010 
26,538,253 
1,069,667 

871,090 



21,780,372 

28,176 

5,408,695 

4,226,049 

541,693 

65,883 

575,070 

16,371,677 

13,144,162 

2,331,559 

895,956 



362 
14,520 

322 
7,611 

280 
6,471 

236 



4,940 

236 

1,969 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 35 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



(Fordefinitior,- nn.tr 



| Dnta urn hasod on reports for only a sample- of farms. See texlj 



Commercial farm s— Con ti nued 



Economic class—Continued 



Part-retirement 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 
All farm products sold total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 

All crops sold dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold .. ..dollars 

Vegetables sold dc 

Fruits and nuts sold d< 

Forest product* and horticultural specialty product-* sold di 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dc 

Dairy products sold dc 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dc 



LIVE-STOCK WDI.lU'STiX'K ri(<>|>KTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers 



■ rcju'riirifz. 

number . 

s reporting . 



6,715,809 

7,316 

3,002,848 

2,618,298 

234,540 
5,052 

144,958 
3,712,961 
1,516,077 
1,552,961 

643,923 



2,031,392 

3,727 

1,250,868 

1,136,396 

47,045 

2,067 

65,340 

780, 524 

238,459 

238,240 

303,825 



364,987 
1,352 
243,107 
212,412 
19,955 

10,740 
121,880 
25,665 
42,500 



562,210 
509,917 
37,550 
308 
14,435 
205,066 
62,770 
6,925 



511,585 
1,077 
357,185 
262,667 
24,575 
8,808 
61,135 
154,400 
88,555 



Heifers and heifer calves . . 
Steers and bull* includinp s 






Farms reporting by nun.ber on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 4 head. farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head. farms reporting . , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . , 

20 to 49 head farms reporting., 

50 to f>9 head farms report i ng . , 

100 to 499 head farms reporting . , 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows including heifers thai have calved— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms report tug ■ . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting., 

20 to 29 head farms reporting , , 

30 to 49 head farms report) ng . , 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. , 

100 or more head farms reporting. , 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . , 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. , 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. , 

Horses and/or UlUleS farms reporting. . 

number.. 

HOgS and pigS farms reporting . . 

number . , 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting . , 

number.. 
Bom before June 1 farms reporting . , 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Lambs under I year old farms reporting. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporti ng . . 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

Hams and wethers farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive , farms reporting . . 

dollars . , 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream solcr , farms reporting . . 

pounds . . 

dollars . . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting , . 

dozens . . 



■ t..riaj 



See footnotes at end of ti 



36 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



LIVESTOCK \ND LIVESTOCK PltODUCTS-Continue. 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



2 litters farms 

9 litters farms 

19 litters farms 

o 3M litters farms 

o 69 litters 






3 November 30 farm 



of IiIUts. 
ri-imrtmt; . 

reporting. 

n>|Mirtin(_'. 
ri'jxulin/T. ■ 



sPEanED chops harvested 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting., 

Under 11 acres farms reporting., 

11 to 24 acres farms reportin 

25 lo 49 acres. farms reporting., 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. , 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 or more acres Tanns reporting. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting., 

bushels, 

Sales • farms reporting. . 

bushel s . , 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 
Barley harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 
Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Hay crops : 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

SaleB farms reporting. 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

tons, green weight. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

Sales dollars. 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting — 

Apples 3 farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number.. 

Quantity harvested bushels. . 



165 

320 

3,748 

147,167 

7,173,292 

2,942 

5,124,674 

1,091 

25,001 

649,512 

1,036 

607,815 

772 



273,566 

2,967 
136, 513 



1,127 
20, 155 
32,154 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 

24,676 

643,542 

1,011 

604,385 

712 



379 

269,666 

2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



96,472 
34,942 
61,530 
273,665 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



33,737 

9,882 

23,855 

216,790 



i and butterfat sold. 



include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



DELAWARE 



State Table V, 



-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

| Plain are basocl on reports for only ft sample of farm-*. See l"x[ | 



37 

-Continued 



Commercial farm a- Continued 



Economic clasa-Continued 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-ConUnued 
Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting . 

number or littera. 

1 or ? litters farms renortinp. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. . 

tO to 19 ■■!■.■■ farms reporting. . 

20 to 1ft litters farms reporting. . 

40 to fi9 litters farms reporting. . 

70 or more litters farms reporting. . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reportine. . 

number of litters.. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . . 

number of litters.. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting. . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reportine. . 

SO to 74 acres farms reporting. . 

7 S to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushets,. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting... 

bushels 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting... 

bushels 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. . . 

bushels. . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting . . . 

Sales farms reporting 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

Sales . farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

Grass silage made from grasseB, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains f arms reporting . . . 

tons, green weight... 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . . 

Sales dollars... 

Land in bearing and nonhealing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . . 

Apples farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age number... 

Trees of bearing age number . . . 

Quantity harvested bushels . . . 



38 



State Table 18. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 1 of 6.— Cash-grain farms 



b based on reports for only a 



b of farms. See t 



(Far definitions and explai 



* text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

F3fmS number . -. 

Percent distribution percent,. 

Land in fatms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent,. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value ol land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars , , 

Land in fatms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms repotting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . , 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil- improvement grasses ami legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

Land in strip-cropping systems Tor 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years » number . . 

25 to 14 years * number.. 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporti ng . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off thr-ir farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number., 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number . , 

180 to 219 acres number., 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,887 
85,582 



100.0 

216,504 

100.0 

220.9 



38,340 

25 
1,310 



18,169 

8.4 

1.297.8 



1,147- 

20 

1,140 



11.9 

A3, 175 

19.9 

369.0 



31.8 

66,907 
30.9 



33.2 

42,340 
19.6 
130.3 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.— Cash-grain farms 

| Data ar« hrmoH on reports for only u sample of forms. Sop text j 



39 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 



Cash tenants 

Share-tnsh tenants 
Crop-share tenants 

Lives lock- share tenant; 

Cropper* 

Other and unspecified t 



..number 
..unrulier 



White farm operators: 

Full owners number., 

Part owners' number . 

All tenants number.. 

Cropper^ number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting 

number 
Cern pickers. farms reporting 



Field forage harve; 



,. farms reporting 

Motortrucks farms reporting 

Tractors farms reporting 

number 

Tractors other than parden farms reporting 

number 

1 tractor farms <•■■- rtm ■■ 

2 tractors farms reporting 

3 trecUcs farms reporting 

4 tractors farms reporting 

5 or more trartors farms reporting 



Wheel tractors farms rcnorfjng 

number 

Crawler tractors. farms report inc. 

nun.ber 
Garden tractors farms reporting 

Automobiles farms ret* ■• ■ ■ ■ 

Automobiles and/or motortnicks farms reporting 



Telephone farms reporting 

Home freezer farms reporting 

Milking machine. farms reporting 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting., 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface mad farms reporting. , 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting , , 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . , 

3 or 4 lured workers farms reporting., 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 



1,620 
1,742 
1,767 

1,895 



4,619 

3,281 
8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 
989 
633 



3,439 
4,553 
3,711 



40 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

|Data are based on reports far only ;i sample of farms. See text ] 



(Fc 









USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer anil fertilizing 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Nay and cropland pasture ...farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (nal cropland) farms reporting. . 

Dry malcnals farms re|(orting.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Pry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Irish potatoes farms, reporting. . 

Dry materials forms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops firms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed.. 



SPECIFIED FAKM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the follow me specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry fnm- reporting.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,933 farm- reporting,, 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under ?1 ,000 farm;, reportinp. . 

$1,000 to $0,499 famw reportinp.. 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to 59,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farm- reporting. . 

Under 5200 farms reporting . . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farma retorting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 firms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 forms reporting.. 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

52,500 to $-1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 forms reportinp.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to M9.999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 f an.is reportinp . . 

•M00 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$000 to $999 farms reportinp. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting., 

Gasoline onri other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $199 farms reporting. , 

5500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms rc^ortm-. . 

d of table. 



2,952 
314,956 

70,980 
2,936 



2,619 

126, 594 
2,568 

24,203 



1,767 

124,577 

1,761 

26,095 



1,421 

65,131 
61,671 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



DELAWARE 41 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

I lata are based nn report.* fnr only a sample of farms. Sou text] 



ESTTMATED VALUE OF PRODI V.TS SOLD BV SOURCE 

AM (ami products sold total, <l« 

average por farm, (it 

All crops sold lol 

Field (Tops, other than vegolablos and fonts and nuts, sold.. 



■cbd.L 



-.1.1. . 



Knot- and nuts sold (lol 

Forest product- ami h((rtirul(urnl specialty products sold lol 

All livestock and liveslock products sold dol 

Poultry and poultry proiuots sold 

Dairy products sold 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollal 



LrvFSTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting 



Cows, including heifers I 



calved farms reporting 

Milk cows farms reporting 

number 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting 

number 

Farms reportmp by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms rop(tf1ing 

2 to 4 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 99 head farms retorting 

100 to 499 head farms reporting 

500 or more head Tarnis reporting 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms rep. rung 

20 to 29 head farms retorting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farm- reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reputing 

75 to 99 head farms reporting, 

100 or more bead farms repeating 

Horses and/Of mules. farms repeating 

HogS and pigS farms reporting 

Born since Jane 1 farms reporting 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting 

number 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting 

number 
Ewes farms reporting 

number 
Rams and wethers farms reporting 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold abve farms reporting 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

dollars 
Milk and cream sold * farms reporting 

dollars 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 



15,9 



1,875 



,368,313 
500,882 
3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 
8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,334 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



8,491,215 

8,665 

7,105,237 

6,675,289 

375,729 

709 

53,510 

1,385,978 

258,627 



dollai 



175,004 

187 

185,625 

79,819 



781,200 
55,800 
608,841 
555,390 
53,451 



172,359 
32,151 
24,000 



2,095,120 

31,270 

1,660,502 

1,549,604 

98,478 

12,420 
434,618 
139,044 

28,000 



2,814 

36 

1,157 



I . 153,1 -.1 

16,698 

1,619,475 

1,496,620 

118,855 

4,000 
334,166 
17,282 
138,370 



,'..'"(., Mi, 

7,328 

1,962,135 

1,860,409 

78,200 

36 

23,490 

324,251 

47,996 

105,185 



7,400 


15,057 


55 


141 


1,175 


1,038 


41,785 


109,865 


41 


50 


1,113 


1,265 


36,729 


41,745 



1,184,983 

3,646 

1,078,861 

1,042,493 

22,095 

673 

13,600 

106,127 

16,362 

23,125 



See footnotes at end of table. 



42 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlT] 



LIVESTOCK AND LP/ESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continucd 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959.. ..farms reporting... 

number of litters... 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting . . . 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting... 

10 to 19 1. tiers farms reporting.. . 

20 to 39 Liters fanns reporting . . . 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting . . 

70 or more litters farms reporting. . . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting . . , 

number of litters... 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . . . 

number of litters.., 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . , 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 acres farm* reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 or more acres Farms reporti ng . . 

Harvested for grain farms reportins.. 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting - . - 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels. . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels. . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

Sales. . . .* farms reporting. . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

tons, green weight.. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars . , 

Land in bearing and noribeaxing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 
24,676 
643,542 

1,011 
604,385 

712 



2,332 

125,768 
2,968,297 



Z Reported in small fractions. 1 Includes milk equivalent of ■ 

it include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines . 



i and butterfat sold. 



2 Dces not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 2 of 6.-Other field-crop farms 



43 



BY TYPE OF FARM BY 



d dii reports for Only a sample" nf farms. See text j 



Item 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

FARMS, ACRKACE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . i 

Pi-r.-.-nt distribution percent. , 

Land m farms acres. , 

Percent distribution percent., 

Average size of farm acres. < 

Value of land and buildings 

\\ erage per acre dol I ars . . 

Land m farms according to use: 
Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres 'arms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 acres (arms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harwsu-d and not pasture) farms reporting. . 

Soil- improvement grasses anil legumes farms reporting. . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops Tanns reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . , 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . . 

Under 25 years number . . . 

25 to 34 years number . . . 

35 to 44 years number. . . 

45 to 54 years number . . . 

55 to 64 years number... 

65 or more years number. . . 

Average age years . . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. .. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting... 

200 or more days operators reporting.. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. . 

Operators not working off their Tamis or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting. .. 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. .. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . . 

10 to 49 acres number . . . 

50 to 69 acres number... 

70 to 99 acres number . . . 

100 to 139 acres number... 

140 to 179 acres number . . . 

180 to 219 acres , ... number. ,. 

220 to 259 acres number . . . 

260 to 499 acres number. .. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres .number . . . 

2,000 or more acres number... 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,887 
685,582 



4,750 

2,633 

158, 611 



37 
4,575 

25 
3,198 



48.7 
6,442 

65.2 
339.1 



51.3 
3,445 

34.8 
172.3 



44 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6.-Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number . . , 

Part owners number.,. 

All tenants number. . . 

Cash tenants number. . . 

Share-cash tenants number. . . 

Crop-share tenants number., , 

Livestock-share tenants number . . . 

Croppers number.., 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . , 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . . . 

Part owners number . . . 

All tenants number . . , 

Croppers number. ., 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number. . . 

Croppers • number , . , 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting . . , 

Com pickers farms reporting. . . 

Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. .. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

Motortrucks farms reporting. ■ 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

1 tractor firm-, reporting . . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors rarm» reporting. • 

Wheel track*-* farms ronorUn". . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

Automobiles farm* reporting.. 

\utomobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, fnrapc, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power -opera ted elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more mites farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Regular hirtil workers (i.'niplnyed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker .farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or I hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 
1,895 



3,281 

8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 
989 
633 



3,489 
4,553 
3,711 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6.-Other field-crop farms 

| Data lire haxtxl on reports for only a sumple of farms Sop text j 



45 



HSK. OKCUMMI K'i IM I I Kill l/HE WD I IMK 



■ n-[**lini_'. 



2,952 
314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Liquid materials 

Dry materials 



- refxirtinn. 



2,619 

126, 594 

2,568 

24, 203 



Dry materials... 
Liquid materials 



- r. >p. >rl i ri» . 
i reporting.. 



Irish potatoes. 



Liquid n 



n.v ropoflirij;. . 

n.- reporting. 



All other crops 

Dry materials. .. . 

Liquid materials . 



- n-pcrtir.f.',. 



1,767 

124, 577 

1,761 

26,095 



1 I M'l.M'IH KI- 



Under$100 

$100 to $999 

51,000 to 51,999 

$2,000 to S4, 999 

55,000 or more , 

Purchase of livestock and :- ul < 



51,000 to 52,499 . 
52,500 to «4,999 . 
$5,000 to 59,999 . 
$10,000 or more.. 



Under 5200 . . . 
$200 to $999. . 
$1,000 or more 



Under 5200 

$200 to £409 

S500 to 5999 

51,000 to 52,499... 
52,500 to 54, 999... 
$5,000 to $9,999 . . . 
510,000 to $19,999 . 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 

550,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plam.s, a 

Under <M 00 

M00 to $4 99 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 



ri'piirtir^-. 

9 reporting. 

dollars . 






9 reporUng. , 
dollai 

r.-|. rl — i'. 

=. reporting., 

- r.-|mf! ".;■ , 

= reporting., 
^ reporting. . 



1,421 
65,131 

61,671 



3,887 
3,258 

35,781,600 



and oil for the farm 

Under jlOO 

5100 to $499 

S500 to $109 

51,000 to 54,999 . 
55,000 or more... 



46 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.". 

average per farm, dollars . . 
All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold. . .. .dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Forest products and horticultural -.|n'( i?iU\ products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LD/ESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

Steers and bulls including steer and hull calves farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and cnlves- 

1 head Tarns reporting. . 

'2 to 4 head - farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head farm- reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 49 head farms rcportir.fi.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reportine;. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farm- reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farm-- reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Milk 00W8- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head fami- reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head forms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. , 

HOfSeS and/or mules farms reporting.. 

number . , 
HogS and pigS farms reporting., 

Bom since June I farms reporting . , 

Born before June 1 forms reporting . , 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting.. 

Lambs under 1 vcar old farms reporting . , 

number.. 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

Ewes farms reporting., 

number.. 
Rams and wothers farms reporting . , 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. , 

number., 

dollars., 
Bogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

Sheep and lambs sold olive >.. .farms reporting., 

number., 

Milk and cream soltr farms reporting. , 

pounds 
dollars. 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars., 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 



'.. 



83,373,701 
21,449 

23,945,875 



3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 
1,299 
7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 

85 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,335,443 



2,325,570 

59,630 

2,282,256 

2,053,876 

209, 530 

18,850 



1,788,000 

94, 105 

1,777,186 

1,590,431 

183,855 

2,900 

10,814 



537, 570 
26,879 
505,070 
463,445 
25,675 
15,950 

32,500 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6.-Other field-crop farms 

[Data we billed on reports for only a wiimple of farms. See text] 



47 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVEST(KT\ PKODHCTS-Conlmuod 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting 

number of IiII'.ts 



10 b 



•-. n'1-.irlLiii' 

s report inj: 
farms reportine 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting. 



- ivptTlinj; 

■; repotting. 
* reporting. 

- reporting . 



Harvested for pra'" - 



Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Sales farms report ing . . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 



harvested for beans farms reporting. , 

bushels. . 



■e porting. 



Sales farms reporting. 

spedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

falfa, 

....farms reporting. 

tons, green weight.. 



T^tTid in bearing and ncmbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 
less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 
24,676 
643,542 

1,011 
604,385 

712 



2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



8,625 

9 

6,712 



5,500 

5 

5,500 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



-'Does not Include data for farms with 



48 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text j 



- find explai 



XL) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . -. 

Percent di-lribulion percent.. 

Land in (arms acres . . 

Percent dir-tri button percent. . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value ot land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 acres farm- report inc.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting, . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting., 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . , 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural pre ducts sold operators reporting., 

Operators not working off t; >ir farms . ■ not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off Farm operators reporting . 

With income from sourcos other than 

farm operated operators reporting . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres . . , l number. 

220 to 259 acres number. . . 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres - • • .number 

2,000 or more acres number. . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



685,582 
176.4 



4,750 

2,633 

158,611 



1,532 
100.0 

U5,067 
100.0 

94.7 



18.0 

59,000 
40.7 



34.0 

48,687 

33.6 



30.7 


13.4 


26,245 


8,625 


18.1 


5.9 


55.8 


42.1 


17,864 


14,243 


298.98 


314.89 



DELAWARE 49 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 



(For definitions and ox pi m 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE. OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 



.num(wr. 
.nun-I.er. 



Lsert on reports for only u sample Df fnmi^. See LOXl 



Other ami unspecified ?en» 

Full owners 

Part owners 

All tenants 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners 

Part owners 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES WD KIND OF ROAD 



Com pickers. , 
Pick-up baler? 

Field forage h 

Motortrucks. . . 



number., 
; reporting.. 



1,620 
1,7*2 

1,787 
1,895 



s other than gardei 



Wneel tractors .. . 
Crawler trartors. . 
Garden tractors 



- report in,-. 
S reporting. 



inns reporting., 
imis reporting.! 
irn.-. reporting., 
irm- reporting., 



n. s reporting. , 
r..s reporting., 



8,067 
3,175 
7,17* 
1,159 



1,118 
2,037 
1,023 
1,720 



.utumobile' 



.i . ■< motortrucks . 



Telephone 

Home freezer 

Milking machine 

Flectrir milk cooler . 



9 re|KirtiniT. 
■t reporting. 
* report i n/j. 
' reporting. 



3,489 

4,553 
3,711 



1,405 
1,708 
1,532 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than I mile to a hard surface n 



i hard surface road. . 



s reporting. . 
s reporting .. 
s reporting,, 

i reporune . , 
s reporti ng . . 



FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 



b days) farms reporting. 



Farms reporting by number of repular hired workers: 



KESIDF.M-r OF I \UM OPERATOR 



= reporti n p. 
* reporting . 
s reporting. 



Residing on farm operated operators reporti ng . , 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

Operators not reporting residence number., 



50 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.— Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

....farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting., 

Dry matt-rials farms reportinc. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Corn farms reporting . 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Wheat farms reporting . 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Irish potatoes farms rcportints. 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms repot 

All other crops farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms rerw 

Liquid materials fam.s repot 



r lir.i 



- II.MHl d 






porting., 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultrv farms reporting. 

dol 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $1,999 f nrms reportinfi. , 

$2,000 to S4.999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. , 

51,000 to $2,499 fnm:s reporting. , 

S2,5Q0 to $4,999 farms reporting. , 

$5,000 to S9,9fJ9 farms renorting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under $200 farms reporting . 

$200 lo 5999 farms reporting. 

51,000 or more farma reportinc.. 

Hired labor .*. farms reporting.. 

dollars. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 lo $499 firms rcportin 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

."5,000 to 59,999 farms reportin 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. , 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. , 

$50,000 or more farms reporting . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under 5100 farms reporting. 

=vl00 t,< $499 farms reporting.. 

5500 Ui ^999 farms reporting . , 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the fann business farms reporting.. 

Under $100 farms reporting., 

5100 to 5-191 farms reeoi 

$500 to $099 farms reporting. 

SI ,000 to $1,999 farms reporting, 

$5,000 or more farms reporli ng 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,619 

126, 594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,767 

124,577 

1,761 

26,095 



1,421 
65,131 

61,671 



3,887 

3,258 
35,781,600 



1,532 

1,532 
32,127,745 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

|Dala art> ha.Hed on roporLn for only a "ample of farms. Soe text] 



51 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS S(11,D BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars 

nvernge nor farm, dollars 

All crops sold dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 

Vegetables sold dollars 

Fruits and nuus sold dollnrs 

Forest products anil horticultural sois'iully |iewlin-ls sold dollnrs 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 

Poultry and poultry [inducts sold dollars 

Dairy products sold dollars 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 

Livestock and uvestock products 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting 

number. 
Milk cows farms reporting . 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting 

Steers and bulls including steer and liull calves farms rejiorting. 

Cattle and calves- 

1 head fam ■- reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farm- reporting. 

100 to 499 head lam- reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms repining. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms report ing 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

Horses and/0! muies. farms reporting 

number 
HOgS and pigS farms reporting 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

Bom before June 1 farms report ing 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting 

Ewes farms reporting . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold abve farms reporting 

dollars 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dc 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 



dollai 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 

15,980,875 

4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47, 633, 548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 
1,299 
7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 



3,911 

46,932 

1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



50,531,737 

32,984 

3,759,840 

3,470,696 

168,824 

62,341 

57,979 

46,771,897 

45,999,762 

249,620 

522,515 



. 181,58 

249,620 

1,522 

41,965,554 



27,662,804 

100,228 

1,349,419 

1,243,245 

37,274 

58,671 

10,229 

26,313,385 

25,957,784 

135,150 

220,451 



14,366,200 

1,437,581 

1,342,698 

65,515 

218 

29,150 

12,928,619 

12,667,965 

69,320 



6,763,021 

14,389 

767,834 

704,010 

45,035 

189 

18,600 

5,995,187 

5,887,977 

35,310 



7,448 
194,873 
170,683 
21,000 

3,190 

1,332,000 

1,288,595 

9,840 



.'I !.!.'! I 

3,847 
10,133 
10,060 



See footnotes at end of table. 



52 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reportin 



s reporting 

ri'[»irtini; 
> reporting 

reporting 



1 or 2 Utters., 
3 to 9 litters.. 
10 to 19 litter! 
20 to 39 I HUT 



40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters.... 
June 2 to November 30 . 

IVi-i'mhiT 1 to Juno 1. . . 



number of li 

farms reporting 

number of litters 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms reporting 

Under 11 acres 

11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or mon> acres 

Harvested for grain 



reporting 
[■'■[■irunp' 

ri'riortinL' 



bushels 
Sales farms reporting 

Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 



Sales farms reporting . 



Sales _ farms reporting . 



1 hay farms reporting . 



her hay cut farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting . 



tons, green weight. 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



Apples 3 farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing age number . 

Trees of bearing age number . 

Quantity harvested bushels . 



2,932 


913 


136,982 


38,436 


6,782,162 


1,765,455 


2,371 


782 


4,869,244 


1,349,030 


1,046 


115 


24,676 


1,720 


643,542 


41,148 


1,011 


105 


604,385 


38,318 


712 


91 


11,693 


1,361 


474,901 


50,615 


379 


50 


269, 666 


36,615 


2,332 


790 


125,768 


33,788 


2,968,297 


802,109 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



16,500 
6,500 
10,000 

35,710 



Z Reported In small fractions. * Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



16,500 
6,500 
10,000 
35,710 



16,490 

35 

11,690 



include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 






DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 4 of 6.— Dairy farms 

| Data are based on reports fnr only a sample of farms. See tent] 



53 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in (arms acres . . 

Percent di slri button percent . 

Value of land and buildings; 

\verage per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farm* reporting.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

Woodland not pastured , , farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not Woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 14 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number. . 

100 to 1 39 acres number. . 

140 to 1 79 acroR number . . 

180 to 219 acres number. . 

230 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,887 
685,582 



4,750 
2,633 

158,611 



100.0 

150,127 

100.0 

206.2 



3,740 

7 

1,475 



13.9 

33,187 

22.1 

328.6 



33.7 

51,500 

34.3 

210.2 



3,835 
45 

1,530 



35.7 

40,125 

26.7 

154.3 



54 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.— Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and cxplai 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPER VTOR 

All farm operators: 



Cash ten. 

Share-cos 



White farm operator^: 



Cropper^ 

Non while farm operators: 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms renorting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting . 



farms reporting, . 

number.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

Tractors other than »ru\len 



Wheel tracUrs 

Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

Automobiles farms renorting.. 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting . , 

Milking machine farms reporting. , 

Electric milk cooler farms renorting . , 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting., 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting . , 

4 miles farms reporting., 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 



Regular hired workers (employed 150 c 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting., 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residins on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 
1,895 



farms reporting... 


3,281 


number... 


8,067 


farms reporting.. . 


3,175 




7,174 


farms reporting... 


1,159 


farms reporting... 


989 


farms reporting 


633 


Tarns reporting . . 


189 


farms reporting. . . 


205 


fnnrs rerortin" 


3,155 


number... 


7,043 


farms repotting. .. 


119 



3,489 
4,553 
3,711 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.— Dairy farms 



55 



{]■:■< defm 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZED VND LIME 
materials used <tunn« the your Tarn.^ reporting 

Pry materials farms reporting 

Liquid inatirinls farms reporting 

Crops on which used— 

May ami cropland pasture. farms reporting 

Dry material? farms reporting 

Other pasture (nol croplanil) forms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Com farms reporting 

Dry materials Fame reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

■heat farms relating 

Pry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. 

Dry materials fum - reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

All other crops Farms reporting 

Dry materials farm-- reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Lime or liming materials used dunnc the year farms reporting 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dol 

Under $100 farms reporting. 

$100 to $999 f»rm. reporting. 

$1,000 to $1,999 'ami- rerwa-linfl . 

$2,000 lo $4,999 farms reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry form* reporting. 

dollars. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. 

51,000 to $2,499 forms reporting . 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms reporting . 

$5,000 to $9,999 fan. ^ renot 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under $200 farms reporting. 

S200 to $999 farms reporting. , 

$1 ,000 or more farms reporting . 

Hired labor farms reporting, 

dollars. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 firms reportin 

5500 lo $999 farms reporting. 

51,000 to $.',499 farms reportm?. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to *9,999 farms reportin 

$10,000 to "sl9,999 farms reporting. , 

$20,000 to M9,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reportin 

Seeds, bulbs, planL-. ami trees farms reporting.. 

Under 'MOO fan..s re[*iriifi 

$100 to $499 farms reportin 

$500 to ^999 farms reportin 

$1,000 n- n«»re farms reporting. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under $100 farms reporting. 

S100 to M9^ farms reporting. 

S500 lo 5999 farms reportin 

51,000 to $t,999 farm reporting, 

$5,000 or n*>re farms repor 



2,952 
314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



30,647 

825 

6,241 



2,619 

126,594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,767 

124,577 

1,761 

26,095 



1,421 
65,131 

61,671 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



See footnotes at end of table. 



56 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.-Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text/] 



(For definitions and cxplai 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, do] 

AH crops sold 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold. . 

Vegetables sold 

Fruits and nuts sold 

Forest producls and horticultural specialty products sold 

AH livestock and livestock products sold doll 

Poultry and poultry products sold. 

Dairy products sold 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting., 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting., 

number . . 
Milk cows farms reporting.. 



Heifers and heifer calves farms reportin 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms report ing . . 

100 to 499 head farms remitting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting... 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head Tarms reporting.. 

20 to 29 hoad fnrm> reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

number.. 
HogS and pigs farms re|iorting.. 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 (arms reporting.. 

Bom before June 1 rarms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. . 

number., 
Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting., 

number., 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

Ewes farms reporting . , 

number., 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . , 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number., 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive ..farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 



83,373,701 

21,4*9 

23,945,875 

15,980,875 

4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 

85 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



9,660,025 

13,269 

1,746,744 

1,612,773 

112,780 

13,023 

8,168 

7,913,281 

377,086 

6,693,090 

843,105 



9,943 

583 

1,688 



803,538 
15,393 
703,320 



2,959,482 
29,302 
578,767 
505,077 
72,875 
815 

2,380,715 

138,785 

1,998,840 



5,087 

101 

5,052 



3,506,355 

14,312 

643,086 

610,319 

16,645 

9,997 

6,125 

2,863,269 

127,799 

2,480,540 

254,930 



,l,ll,i, 



1,884,635 

7,249 

306,839 

283,660 

20,410 

966 

1,803 

1,577,796 

78,811 

1,295,900 



5,050 


3,315 


217,840 


163,020 


50 


95 


880 


1,150 


29,040 


37,950 



270,671 
3,867 
39,544 
38,496 



231,127 
10,217 
174,945 



1,122 

40 

20,685 



See footnotes at end of ti 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.— Dairy farms 

[Dat* are baaed on reports Tor only a :iample of farms. See text] 



57 



(For definitions and explai 



LIVESTOCK AND LI\ESTOCK PRODI ICTS-Cor 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .1 



40 lo 69 litters. . . . 

70 of more Utters. . 

June 2 to November 3 



s reporting . , 

a reporting., 
s reporting . 
s reporting . . 

s reporting . , 



i June 1 farms reporting . 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms reporting . 



arms reporting . . 
reporting, 
reporting., 
reporting. , 

reporting . 



Harvested for gram . 



Salea farms reporting. . . 

bushels. .. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 
Barley harvested farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting-. . 

bushels . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. . . 

bushels 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres... 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting . . . 

Sales farms reporting. .. 

Other hay cut farms reporting — 

Sales farms reporting — 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. . . 

tons , green weight . . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . . 

Sales dollars . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . . 

Apples 3 farms reporting 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age number . . . 

Trees of bearing age number . . . 

tiiantity harvested bushels 



2,932 


683 


136,932 


24,153 


6,782,162 


1,330,770 


2,371 


437 


4,869,244 


583,900 


1,046 


378 


24,676 


7,392 


643,542 


194,605 


1,011 


358 


604,385 


178,821 


712 


262 


11,693 


3,905 


474,901 


153,975 


379 


85 


269,666 


45,181 


2,332 


310 


125,768 


9,900 


2,968,297 


231,605 



34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



I and butterfat sold. •'Does not Include acreage for 



witll less than 20 bushels harvested. 



58 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

r. reports for only a sample of fares. See text 






(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

FARMS, ACREAGE. AND VALUE 

Jj rxXicr. percent 

L3"d in tjfTS. acres 

Percent & .=tnbnUoc percent 

Average sire of farm. acr^ 

Value of land and buildings: 

A* eraee per fara dollars 

A» erase per acre .dollars 

Land in tans according to use: 

Cropland harvested fans: reporues 

1 to 9 acres fanes reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres fanes reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres Janes reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

900 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres fares reporting. 

1,000 or more acres. farms reportics. 

Cropland used only for pastore fanes reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. farms reconi- e 

Soil-i=pro^ emeet grasses and legwnes farms reportin* . 

Other cropland (idle and crop fail are) farms report] r = 

Woodland pastured. fanes reporting, 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

Other pastore (not cropland and not woodlandX farms reporting 

Improved pastore bms repcrtirs. 

Irrigated land in fans farms reporting . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour fanes reporting 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soQ-erosaoi sonCrol hra 5 repot - s 

System of terraces on crop and pastore land. farms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY KGE 



55 to 64 years ntanber.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators- 

Worldne off their farms, total. operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

900 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of fasaly working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from soerces other than farm 

operated and off-farm ■ori. operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricoloral products sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their farms or cot 

reporting as to work off their fares operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from soarces other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agncaltaral products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres. .=; 

10 to49 acres. m 

70 to 99 acres ."• 

100 to 139 acres .ni 

_M0 to 179 acres an 

18C to 319 acres ....■ 

990 to 259 acres -oi 

260 to 499 acres Jii 

500 to 999 acres JU 

1,000 to 1.999 acres m 

2,000 or more acres. J» 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,887 
685,582 

176 .4 



100.0 
31,712 
100.0 
226.5 



5,3i3 
17 

:. = :: 



15.0 
9,170 

28.9 
436.7 



22.1 
7,850 
24.8 

253.2 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.— Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

Dal* are based on report? for only ■ sample of far-". -- 



59 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPF R \TOR 

All fare operators 



Cash Lenw 






Livestock -share tenant* 
Other and unspecified I 
White farm operators: 



Non white farm operators: 



Croppers numb. 

SPECIFIED EQITPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers. farms reporting. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. , 

TracU*s farms reporting.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 



Wheel tra 

Crawler 6 

Garden trac 



, .farms reporting. . 
..farms reporUng., 
, .farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
..farms reporting.. 

, .fam^s reporting. 



Automobi les farms reoortin;; . . 

Telephone farms reportine . 

Home freezer farms reporting . , 

MiUang machine, farms reporUng . , 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface, farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporUng.. 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. farms reporting., 

1 mile farms reporUng .. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting., 

4 miles farms reporUng.. 

5 or more miles farms reporUng., 



FARM L^BOR, 



[ PRECEDrNG ENUMERATION 
farms reporUng. 



s (employed 150 or more days) . 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 



. farms reporting . . 

.farms reporting., 
.farms reporUng. . 
.farms reporUng.. 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 
1,895 



3,281 
8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 



Economic cla.«s 



60 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are hayed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 



Dry nmU 



Liquid n 

Dry maU 



, .farms reportin 
, .farms reporting. , 
..farms reporting. , 

, .farms reporting. 
, .fnrrns reporting 
, .farms reporting 



Liquid materials 

Wheat 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. , 

Dry materials forms reporting. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting . 

All other crops farms reporting., 

Dry materials farms 

Liquid materials farms 

ne or liming materials used during the year forms 

acres limed. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



Under $100.. 
5100 to $909. 
51,000 to $1,9 



dollar 
reporting, 
re;inrt.inp. 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Purchase- of livestock and poultry farm 

Under 51,000 farm 

51,000 to 52,499 farn. 

55,500 to *4,999 farm 

$5,000 to S9.999 Farm 

510,000 or more fare- 

Machine hire farm- r 

Under 5200 farms r 

$200 to $999 farms r 

.51,000 or more farms r 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollat 
reporting. , 

ri'imrtitig. , 

r.-|»irtmg. . 
re|»rting.. 



Under 5200 farms 

$200 to $499 firms 

5500 to $399 farms 

51,000 to $2,499 farms 

S2,. r )00 lo 54,999 farms 

55,000 to 59,999 farms 

S10.000 to 519,999 farms 

520,000 to 549,999 farms 

350,000 or more farms 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms r 

Under $100 farms r 

*100 to .5499 farm= r 

5500 to $999 farms r 

$1,000 or more farms r 



Under $100... 
S100 to sm . 
5500 to $999. , 
51,000 to 5-1,9 
$5,000 or more 






2,952 

314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



2,619 

126, 594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,767 
124, 577 

1,761 
26,095 



1,421 
65,131 
61,671 



3,887 
3,258 

35,781,600 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

| Pitl-n ari> Ihlsm! on rnportH for only a simple, of ffirniB. Stw tnxt ] 



61 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, < 

All .Tops Sold ■ 

Kii'U crops, other than vegetables and friii.,* find nuts, sold i 

\ efgetoblea sold < 

Furo.it products and horticullural specialty products sold i 

Ml h\eslock and livestock products sold 

Poultry and poultry products sold < 

Dairy product* sold I 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold < 



LIWSIIH'K WO L1\LM1HK PKulUVTS 



Cattle and calves . . 

Cows, including r 



Heifers nnd heifer culv 
SteiTH and ImlU rn Lid 



fan 


"!",™::: 










'in 


reporting... 




rcpurtinp. .. 






larms 


reporting... 



'20 to 49 head 

50(0 99 head 

100 to 499 head.. 
500 or more head . 



Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head far- 

10 to 19 head fan, " reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

.10 to 49 head fan-- reporting. 

50 to 74 head fan: report 

75 to 99 head farr ■ r. ;-*•., ■■ 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms repc 

2 to 9 head farms repc 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reportinj 

30 to 49 head farms reportin) 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reportin 

100 or more head farms reportir 

Horses and/Of mules farms reportir 

numb 
HogS and pigs farms reportir 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

Bom before June 1 farms reportir 



Sheep and lambs farms i 

Lambs under 1 year old farms I 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms I 

Ewes farms I 






Chickens 4 months old and c 






Hogs and pigs sold alive farms r 



Chi r kens including broilers sold farms 

Chicken eggs sold farms 



See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. 

dollars. 

reporting. 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 



15/ 



i.87f. 



4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



1,240,194 

8,859 

153,271 

128,581 

10,650 

860 

13,180 

1,086,923 

79,464 

89,831 



4,733 

79 

2,000 



54 
315 

83 
7,400 

67 
3,635 

67 
3,765 

11 
1,063 



452, I '' 
64,627 
41,504 
35,064 



6,440 
410,882 
67,850 
61,000 



226,853 


213,354 


200,307 


10,803 


6,882 


4,006 


45,583 


46,084 


13,846 


35,833 


44,324 


7,346 


9,750 


900 
860 


6,500 


1 il,270 


167,270 


186,461 


4,572 


2,901 


3,066 




10,331 


18,500 


176,698 


154,038 


164,895 



62 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Conlinut 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms 



June 2 to Son ember 3(1 

December 1 to June 1 . . . f i 



[■«'(■* Tl;r,r . 

s ri'|»irliru' 

■■■ ri-(K>rliru> . 
^ n>|K>rtinc 
-; rt'piiriini;, 
s reporti ng 

f of lillors. 
s reporting. 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for alt purposes farms reporting . 



ms reporting. . 
ms reporting. 
ms reporting, 
ms reporting. 

ms reporting, 
ms reporting . 



bushels. 

.farms reporting. 

bushels. 



Wheat harvested f arms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting . . , 

bushels . . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 
Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 



Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 



Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 



tons, green weight 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 

Apples 3 farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age number. 

Trees of bearing age number . 

Quantity harvested bushels . 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 

24,676 

643,542 

1,011 

604,385 

712 



2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



96,342 
34,892 

61,450 
273,665 



39,025 

10 

16,000 



43,690 
10 

10,000 



. and butterfat sold. 



include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 

| Data are based r>n repnrts for only ft sample of farms. See text | 



63 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in farms acres. . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Value of land and buildings 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland han e*l«J (arms reporting . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 aires farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

Cropland not harvestJ-d ami not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil- improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . 

Otner cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporti np . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to "W years number . . 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number . , 

50 to 69 acres number . , 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to 139 acres number . , 

140 to 179 acres number . 

160 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres .number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,887 
685,582 



4,750 

2,633 

158, 611 



100.0 
79,908 
100.0 
291.6 



17,056 
21.3 
812.2 



12.0 

13,727 

17.2 

416. 



31.0 

30,675 

38.4 

360.9 



29.2 

13,895 

17.4 

173.7 



64 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 
FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number . . . 

All tenants number... 

Cash tenants number, . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . . 

Crop-share tenants number... 

Livestock-share tenants number... 

Croppers number.., 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number . . , 

All tenants number. . . 

Croppers number . . , 

Nonwhile farm operators: 

Full owners number. . , 

Part owners number. . 

AH tenants number . . , 

Croppers number... 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines Farms reporting. , . 

number. . 
Corn pickers farms reporting... 

number... 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Tractors farms reportinp.. 

Tractors other than irarden farm:- reporting.. 

1 tractor Farm, reporting . . 

2 tractors farm:- reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors Farm- reporting. . 

Wheel tractors Farms ronortin". . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

Garden tractors fnrr..s roi«irling. . 

Automobiles fnrm-i reporting. . 

number . . 
Automobiles and/or rvulortruiks farms ri'porlini:. . 

Telephone farms reportinp. . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machino farms reporting.. 

F.lectric milk cooler Farms repotting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting . . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reportmc . . 

Fatms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface Farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles Farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on Farm operated operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

See Footnotes at end of table. 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 



3,281 
8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 
989 
633 



3,489 
4,553 

3,711 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 



65 



(For (fcfir.it 






USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER VND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and frrt.li/mc 
materials used riunn? the year lam - reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid inftUTials farms reporting. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms repotttn 

Liquid materials farms reporting . 

Corn farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting.: 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Wheat ..farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

AH other crops forms rcportir 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Lime or liming materials used durmc the year farms reporting. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified enpenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting 

Under $100 farms reporting 

$100 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farnw reporting. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting . 

$5,000 or more farm* reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

Under $1,000 farn> reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 forms reporting. 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 or more farms report in 

Machine hire farms reportin 

Under $200 farms reporting., 

$200 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. 

Hired labor farms reporting. , 

Under £200 farms reporting. , 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to $999. farms reporting. 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 forms reporting., 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting., 

dollar 

Under $100 fan.is reporttn 

$100 to 5499 farms reportin 

5500 to $999 farms reportin 

51,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other pet/oleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. 

dol 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $499 -. farms reporting. 

S500 to $909 farms reportin/' . 

51,000 to $4,999 farm- reporting., 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 



2,952 
314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



2,619 

126,594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,767 
124, 577 
1,761 
26,095 
23 
1,905 
1,421 
65,131 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



See footnotes at end of table. 



66 



State Table 18. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 6 of 6.-General farms 



Qtt 



3 based on reports For only a sample of farms. 



(For definitions and explai 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, doll 

average per farm, d 

All crops sold d 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold c 

Vegetables sold c 

Fruits and nuts sold d 

Forest pro.hu t^ iiml horticultural specialty products sold C 

All livestock and livestock products sold d 

Poultry and poultry products sold .' c 

Dairy products sold d 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars — 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting... 

number... 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. , , 



Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

number . , 

Farms reporting hy number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting, . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting, . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting, . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Milk oows- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head ...farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head Farms reporting. . 

100 or more hoad farms reporting, . 

Horses and/01 mules farms reporting . . 

number . . 
HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number,. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. , 

number. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number . , 
Ewes farms reporting. , 

Rams and wethers farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive. _ farms reporting. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . 

number. 

dollars. 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 

15,980,875 

4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 

85 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



dollar 



4,251,134 
15,515 

2,455,406 

1,466,467 
733,550 
122,294 
133,095 

1,795,728 
726,090 
720,561 

349,077 



1,376,640 
65,554 
906,959 
437,778 
364,080 
62,881 
42,220 
469,681 
285,380 
113,562 

70,739 



67,307 

8 

104 

3,432 



954,230 
28,916 
543,190 
314,890 
150,650 
48,900 
28,750 
411,040 
195,618 
149,774 

65,648 



1,189,487 
13,994 
657,790 
443,630 
157,005 
9,280 
47,875 
531,697 
124,687 
300,955 

106,055 



589,318 
7,366 
286,324 
223,044 
49,030 

14,250 
302,994 

97,774 
131,705 



92,385 
3,695 
37,906 
28,923 
7,750 
1,233 

54,479 
12,609 
21,670 



See footnotes at end of I 



DELAWARE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 

[Data are based on reports for .inly a sample of forma. See text] 



67 



(Fur definitions and oxplai 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-ContiniM 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .fans 

number 



i reporting 
9 reporting 
j reporting 

i reporting 
; report i ng 
s reporting 
9 reporting 

r of litlers 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting 



j reporting 
9 reporting 

- r.-iH irt ini_' 

9 reporting 



Harvested for grain , 



bushels 
Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 



Soybeans harvested for beans. 



■eporting 

bushels 



Land from which hay was cut acres 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or frmali grains f anna reporting 

tons, green weight 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting 

bushels 

Vegetables harveated for Bale farms reporting 

Sales dollars 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting 

Apples 3 farms reporting 

Trees of all ages number 

Trees not of bearing age number 

TreeB of bearing age number 

Qjuantily harvested bushels 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 

24,676 

643,542 

1,011 

604,385 

712 



379 
269,666 

2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



i and butterfat sold. 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with lees than 20 bushels harvested. 



68 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(I'Vir definitions and explai 



Total all fanns 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop farms 



Vegetable farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farms number. . , 

Percent distribution percent... 

Land in farms acres.., 

Percent distribution percent... 

Average size of farm .acres.., 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars... 

Average per acre dollars.., 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.., 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. ., 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . , 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.., 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.., 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting... 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.., 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting.. 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting.. 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 yoars number. . 

35 to 14 years number. . 

55 to 64 years number.. 

Average ago years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK \ND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural oroducts sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other momhers of fiunily working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated. . .operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number. . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acros number.. 

140 to 179 acros number. . 

180 to 219 acres number. . 

220 to 259 acres number. . 

2fi0 to 499 acros number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2,000 or m:*e acres number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,203 

754,382 

145.0 



4,428 
418,976 



2,292 
50,318 

1,186 

28,062 

236 

6,889 



6,030 

3,469 

182,376 



1,111 
1,268 
1,232 



1,030 

1,326 

3,003 
- 499 
1,114 



3,887 
100.0 
685,582 
100.0 
176.4 



4,750 

2,633 

158,611 



25.2 

216,504 
31.6 
220.9 



DELAWARE 



69 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

(Dal* are based on reports for only a sample nf farms. Soo text | * 



ercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



KVKMS ACRKUIK, AND VALUE 



Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si ze of farm .acres 



Value of land and buildings: 



10 to 19 acr 
20 to 29 acr 
30 to 19 acr. 
50 to 99 acr 
100 to 199 a 
•200 to 499 a 
50(1 to 999 n 



farms reporting 

farms report i ng 

farms reporting 

farms reporting 

farms report i 

farms reporting 

farms reporti 

farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cronland used only for posture farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporti 

Soil -improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured ./ farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

litigated land in farms farms reporting 



n crop and pasture land farms reporting 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. 

Under 25 years number. 

25 to .14 yearn number. 

35 to 44 years number. 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number. 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 



Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators 

1 to 99 days operators 

100 to 199 days operators 

200 or more days operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural oroducls sold operators 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other than farm operated. . .operators 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators 

FARMS BY SIZE 



reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 

reporting., 

reporting. 

reporting. 



. number. . 
. number, 
.number. 



260 to 499 acres number., 

500 to 999 acres m 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1,532 
39. 4 
145,067 
21.2 
94.7 



18.7 

150,127 

21.9 

206.2 



2,227 

26 

1,015 



79,908 
11.7 
291.6 



70 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop farms 



Vegetable farms 



FARMS BY COLOR \ND TF.NT'RE OF OPERATOR 



Crop- share tenants 

Livestock- share ■••n i-.i 

Other and unspecified t 
White farm operators: 



. number 

. number 



Nonwhile farm 



FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 



Commercial farms . 



Class HI numbei 



-n:< ii n.n Eyi'iruFvr \nd facilities \nd kino ok road 



Grain comhin 
Com pickers 
Pick-up balei 
Field forage 

Motortrucks 

Tractors 

Tractors other than gardei 



Crawler tractoi 

Garden tractors . 

Automobiles 



Automobiles and/or motortrucks 

Telephone 

Homo freezer 

Mil kin : - n-nrhine , 

Electric milk cooler 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) . 
Power- operated elevator, conveyor, or blower 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road. 
1 or more miles to a hard surface road . . 

lmile 

Sorlmiles 

4 miles 



number, 

m- rt>porting. 

number. 

ms reporting, 
number, 

ts reporting, 
number, 

ms reporting, 
number, 

ms reportinc. 
number, 

ms reporting, 

number , 

ms reporting. 

ms reportinc . 



9 reporting. 
number. 

=; mmrlin". 

number. 
3 reporting. 

number. 

? reporting, 
s repotting, 

s reportinc. 
- reporting. 



-i r.'r*:>r1 in:' , 
; reporting, 

s reporting, 
s reporting. 

- reportinc 

- ri'[iiirtiriir, 
s reporting, 
s reporting 



FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farm9 reporting 

persons 

Regular hired workers (employed L50 or more days) farms reporting 

persons 
Farms reporting d> nuiiiiH*r nf regular hired workers: 
1 hired worker , 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



reporting. , 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated .operators reporting., 

Operators not reporting residence number., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,262 
9,442 
4,041 
8,259 
1,829 
1,164 
653 
189 



125 

137 

1,098 

1,183 

4,630 

5,995 

4,937 

4,572 

3,353 

980 

994 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 
1,895 



4,619 

3,281 
8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 
989 
633 



818 

893 

3,489 

4,553 

3,711 

3,506 

2,632 

960 

974 



DELAWARE 71 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 





IDala are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text 










Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Fruit-ond-nut 


Poultry farms 


Dairy farms 


Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 


General farms 


Miscellaneous 


FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Ail farm operators: 


7 
1 

7 
1 

8 

3 

5 

"s 

38 

8 
60 

8 
58 

1 
1 

6 

8 
58 

2 
2 
8 
11 
8 
7 
2 

7 

8 
158 

8 
38 

5 

1 
2 

3 
5 


981 
338 
146 
16 
10 
45 
6 
20 
49 

981 
328 
141 
20 

10 
5 

1,532 
276 
521 
470 
205 
55 
5 

343 
356 
496 
523 
43 
43 
24 
25 
1,019 
1,447 

1,118 

2,037 

1,023 

1,720 

612 

277 

81 

23 

30 

1,003 

1,685 

34 

35 

304 

317 

1,405 

1,708 

1,532 

1,476 

1,002 

50 

56 

8 

468 

1,182 
40 
273 
193 
80 
70 
10 

315 
612 
204 
401 

125 
59 
13 
2 
5 

1,429 
55 
48 


360 

200 
155 
65 
20 
50 
5 
10 
5 

355 
200 
155 
10 

5 

728 
22 
101 
245 
260 
70 
30 

423 
433 
433 
458 
413 
424 
212 
237 
568 
858 

673 
1,966 
673 
1,716 
130 
240 
185 
77 
41 
673 
1,695 
21 
21 
228 
250 
622 
863 
628 
592 
532 
623 
633 

31 
518 

538 
45 

140 
75 
65 
60 
5 

293 
538 
218 
413 

120 
60 
26 
10 
2 

678 
10 
40 


116 

21 

116 

21 

140 
7 
6 
21 
31 
50 
25 

36 
41 
66 
66 
38 
39 
6 
6 
110 
161 

120 
296 
120 
256 
42 
40 
26 
5 
7 
120 
246 
5 
10 
30 
40 
129 
180 
135 
125 
110 
25 
25 

57 

129 

5 
5 

50 
77 
35 
55 

26 

7 

2 

120 
5 
15 


93 

120 
61 
15 

35 
6 

5 

93 

115 

61 

5 

5 

::: 

274 
21 
33 
85 
80 
25 
30 

192 
210 
191 

194 
115 
115 
16 
16 
224 
390 

269 

750 
264 
704 
50 
85 
91 
11 
27 
264 
704 

46 
46 
244 
361 
259 
239 
198 
120 
140 

11 
173 

228 
10 
26 
16 
10 
5 
5 

82 
226 

62 
100 

37 
17 
6 

2 

248 
16 
10 


27 




35 




6 




5 
1 


White rarm operators: 


27 




35 


Nonwhite rarm operators: 


6 

5 










FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 


80 








15 


Class IV number .. . 


15 






SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES \ND KIXD OF ROAD 


1 




1 


number. .. 


2 


number. . . 




number. . . 


65 


number... 


187 
64 


number. . . 


169 

58 


number... 


120 
35 




20 












3 




58 


number.. . 


116 

1 


number. .. 


4 
34 


number. .. 


49 
45 


number... 


62 

70 




70 




27 
















16 


Farms by kind of road on which located: 


68 




2 




10 








10 




10 








... 






FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 


60 


persons . . . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 


388 
40 
264 

10 
10 




16 




4 


RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 


42 
37 

1 



72 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 






Other field-crop : 



Vegetable farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND L] 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Other pasture (not cropland) 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Corn 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Bleat . . . '. 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

All other crops 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Lime or liming materials used during the year 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the folio" ihk specif if] expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under S100 

S100KS999 

$1,000 to 51,999 

$2,000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under 51,000 

$1,000 to $2,499 

52,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

510,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$200 to 5999 

$1,000 or more 

Hired labor 

Under 5200 

$200 to $499 ' 

5500 to $999 

51,000 to 52,499 

52,500 to $4,999 

55,000 to 59,999 

$10,000 to 519,999 

520,000 to 549,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Under 5100 : 

$100 to $499 

$500 to 5999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under 5100 

$100 to 5499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



- rep', rime 

- reporting 
s repotting 
s reporting 
S reporting 
s reporting 



■■ ri-portine 
s re|Nirtin" 

- rniurtini' 
^ reporting 
-. o-pertiniT 
s reporting 
9 reporting 
s reporting 
-. rep irtine 

- repertine 

s reporting 

- n-jKirtinj' 



s reporting., 
s reporting. , 

s reporting.. 

s reporting. , 
dollars.. 
s reporting, 
i reporting., 
s report! ng . , 
s reporting., 
5 reporting., 

s reporting, 
dollars.. 

s reporting. , 
s reporting. 
s reporting., 
s reporting. . 

dollai 
s reporting., 
s reporting.. 
s reporting. . 
s reporting. , 

s reporting. , 

s reporting. . 
s reoorting., 
s renortin 
dollar 
s reporting. 
s reporting., 

s reporting. 

s reporting.. 
dollar 

s reporting, 
s reporting.. 

s reporting. 



3,713 
331,151 
74,040 
3,697 
70,501 
183 
3,539 



3,195 

134,779 

3,139 

25,789 



21,552 

892 

4,171 



2,192 

131,172 

2,186 

27,306 



1,666 
69,171 
64,571 



5,178 

4,108 

36,052,985 



3,054 

9,016,074 

1,432 



2,689 

870,086 

1,400 

1,174 



3,282 

1,492,564 

1,484 

1,334 



2,442,117 
1,417 
2,049 



2,952 
314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



30,647 

825 

6,241 



2,619. 

126, 594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,767 
124,577 
1,761 
26,095 
23 
1,905 
1,421 
65,131 
61,671 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



6,838 

254 

1,396 



DELAWARE 

State Table 19.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



73 



| Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



Coram.' re lul forms by type of funn — Continued 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year farms rep< 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms. reporting.. 

Oops on which used— 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reoorting 

Com farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Wheat farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Irish potatoes farms rerx 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

VII other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reoortin 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reportinc;., 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under J 100 

5100 to "099 

$1,000 to 51,999 

$2,000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under ¥1,000 

$1,000 to $2,499 

S3, 500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to 59,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$200 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Hired labor 

Under $200 

$200 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to 52,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to *9,999 

$10,000 to «19.999 

520,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, planLs, and trees 

Under *100 e . . . 

$100 to$*99 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under 5100 

$100 to $4 99 

5500 to $999 

51,000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more 

See foolnotes at end of table. 



S reporting. 

dollai 
s reporting. 

s reoorting., 
s reoorting.. 



-renort.nl>.. 

dollars.. 
- reporting. 
* reporting. 
3 reporting. 
i reoorting. 

dollars. 
< reporting. 
=. reporting. 



-. reporting. 

* reporting. . 
? reoorting.. 
- n-rmrtinf! . 

dollars. 

* reporting. 
> reporting. . 
a reporting. . 

s reporting. , 

dollai 
s reporting.. 
9 reporting., 
a reporting. , 

s reporting.. 



1,532 

1,532 

32, 127,745 



1,297 

1,506 

7,853,855 



restock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 



General farms 



74 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 

Commercial farms by type of farm 



[For definitions and e 



Total all farms 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop farms 



Vegetable farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars... 

average per farm, dollars. .. 
All crops sold dollars... 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold ... .dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars... 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 
Milk cows farms reporting... 

Hei fers and hei fer calves farms report! ng .. , 

number. . , 
Steers and Imll- in. I ii'ii hit ^teer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 hoad farms reporting... 

2 to 4 head farms reporting... 

5 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including hoifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. , 

10 to 19 hoad farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

HotSeS and/Of mules farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting., 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold \ farms reporting. . 

dollars'. . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 



84,747,980 

16,288 

24,937,483 

16,813,672 

4,442,438 
509,998 

3,171,375 
59,810,497 
47,786,328 

8,260,392 

3,763,777 



2,459 
58,163 

2,153 
32,255 

1,854 
27,254 

1,765 
18,145 
1,524 
7,763 



1,193 
3,574 
2,206 

37,055 
1,391 

22,388 
1,649 

14,667 

115 



2,013 
26,337 
2,158,651 
1,295 
43,328 
1,429,824 



1,184 

177,919,802 

8,260,392 

2,354 

42,868,981 

1,248 

8,552,950 

3,677,770 



83,373,701 

21,449 

23,945,875 

15,980,875 

4,368,313 
500,882 

3,095,805 
59,427,826 
47,633,548 

8,234,922 

3,559,356 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 
1,299 
7,198 



2,789 

1,646 
32,805 

1,046 
19,818 

1,244 
12,987 

85 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 



8,491,215 

8,665 

7,105,237 

6,675,289 

375,729 

709 

53,510 

1,385,978 

258,627 

318,680 



2,325,570 

59,630 

2,282,256 

2,053,876 

209,530 

18,850 

43,314 

30,000 

13,314 

12 



DELAWARE 75 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Dal* are hosed on reports for only ft sample of farms. See to\t | 

Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 



[For definitions ami expla: 



restock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 



■ 



i M'iMW'H' v \i rKiiKi'Knni'ciNSOLnm socrcf 



Fruits ami n 



ssold , 



Forest products and horticultural specialty produt 

Alt livestock anil livestock products sold 

Poultry and poultry products sold 

Dairy products sold 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold 



UU'STurK VMU.IVFXTtHTv HtnmV'JN 



Cattle and calves. . 

Cows, including h 



number . , 

9 reporting. , 

number.. 



373,119 
46,640 

373 , 119 
16,952 
73,362 

282,805 



50,531,737 

32,984 

3,759,840 

3,470,696 

168,824 

62,341 

57,979 

46,771,897 

45,999,762 

249,620 

522,515 



9,660,025 

13,269 

i .v.- ,744 

1,612,773 

112,780 

13,023 

8,168 

7,913,281 

377,086 

6,693,090 



1,240,194 

8,859 

153,271 

128,581 

10,650 

860 

13,180 

1,086,923 

79,464 

89,831 



4,251,134 
15,515 

2,455,406 

1,466,467 
733,550 
122,294 
133,095 

1,795,728 
726,090 
720,561 

349,077 



Heifers and heifer calves . , 
Steers and bulls including s 



■- reporting. , 

number.. 

9 reporting . , 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporti ng . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

3 19 head farms reporting. , 

SO to 49 head farms reporting. , 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. , 

499 head farms reporting., 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

head farms reporting. , 

to 9 head farms reporting. , 

I to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting., 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. , 

99 head farms reporting. , 

r more head farms reporti ne. , 



1,506 

74 

1,227 



head farms reporting. 

to 9 head farms reporti ng . , 

) to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. , 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporti ng . . 

99 head farms reporting. , 

100 or more head farms reporti ng . , 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

number. , 

HogS and pigS farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. , 



Sheep and lambs Earms 

Lambs under 1 year old farms 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms 

Ewes farms 

Rams and wethers farms 



rt'purlirij.! . . 

number., 

reporti ng . , 



Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 



Bogs and pigs sold alii 
Sheep and lambs sold a 



Chickens including broilers sold farms r 

Chicken eggs sold farms r 



5,981,580 

249,620* 

1,522 

41,965,554 



See footnotes at end of table 



76 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 

Commercial farms by type of farm 



Total all farms 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop farms Vegetable farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 rarms reporting... 

number of litters... 

1 or 2 litters .... farms reporting. . . 

3 to 9 litters .... farms reporting... 

10 to 19 litters .... farms reporting... 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting... 

40 to 69 litters .farms reporting... 

70 or more litters farms reporting... 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. . , 

number of litters.. . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting... 

number of litters... 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

Under 11 acres farms reporting... 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting , . . 

25 to 49 acres. farms reporting... 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting... 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting... 

bushels... 

Sales farms renorting. .. 

bushels... 

Wheat harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Sales farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 
Sales farms reporting. .. 

bushels . . , 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting... 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . , 

Lespedesa cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . , 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

Other hay cut farms reporting.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting.. 

tons, green weight.. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . 

Sales dollars.. 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting.. 

Apples 3 farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age .number. . 

Quantity harvested bushels . . 

i and butterfat sold. 



165 

320 

3,74S 

147,167 

7,173,292 

2,942 

5,124,674 

1,091 

25,001 

649,512 

1,036 

607,815 

772 



399 

273,566 

2,967 

136,513 

3,188,437 



1,127 

20,155 
32,154 



96,472 
34,942 
61,530 
273,665 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 

24,676 

643,542 

1,011 

604,385 

712 



2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



14,125 

14 

12,212 



include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



include data for farms with 



DELAWARE 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Dm u life Iiil^ihI ,>n repurU fur nnly n BBItiple nf fiirnis. Sin' L6Xl 

Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 

Livestock fame 
other than poultry 

and dairy farms 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 
Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting., 

number of litters.. 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting., 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. , 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting., 

31 to 39 litters farms reporting., 

40 lo *>9 litters farms reporting,, 

70 or more litters farms reporting., 

June 2 to November 311 farms reporting., 

number of litters. , 
December 1 lo June 1 farms reporting . , 



77 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting.. 

Under II acres 



U to 5-1 acres, 
25 to 49 acres. 
50 to 74 acre-, 
75 to 99 acres . 
100 or more acrt 
Harvested for grain 



- rr-pnrl i n >.! . 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 
S reporting. . 
3 reporting. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 



bushels . . 
Sales farms reoorting.. 

bushels. . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 
Barley harvested farms reporting.. 



Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting. 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting . 

tons, green weight. 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

Sales dollars. 

Land In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . 

Apples 3 farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number., 

Trees not of bearing age number. , 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested bushels. . 



73,297 
28,372 
44,925 
173,500 



3,U5 

175 

168,824 



16,500 
6,500 
10,000 

35,710 



1,045 

116 

112,780 



18,030 

10 

3,915 



78 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of famis. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number... 

Percent distribution percent... 

Land in farms acres . . . 

Percent distribution percent... 

Average si ze of farm acres . . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per faun dollars . . . 

Average per acre dollars. . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting... 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporti ng . . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 acres farms renorting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 to 199 acros farms reporting... 

200 to 499 acres fanns reporting.,. 

500 to 999 acres Farms reporting. . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured [arms reporting. . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . . 

Other cropland {idle and crop failure) .farms reporting... 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. ., 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . , 

Improved pasture farms reporting.., 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting... 

Land use practices; 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting.. 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number.. 

Under 25 years number.. 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number. . 

65 or more yearn number.. 

Average age , years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporti ng . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work. operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporti ng . . 

With other members oT family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With incomo from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Soe footnotes at end of table. 



754,382 
100.0 
145.0 



2,292 
50,318 
1,186 



19,438 

263 

7,476 



1,111 
1,268 
1,232 



1,030 
1,326 

3,003 

499 

1,114 



32,553 
4.3 
27.2 



11.2 
49,342 



DELAWARE 79 

State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS I >F 1959-Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



I Data are based on reports for only n sample of farms. 



Si/.,- of ftuni-rWimirtl 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . 

Percent disiribuijon percent. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Average si re of farm acres . , 

Value ol land and buildings: 

Average per farm dol lars . 

Average per acre dollars. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland hwwisuvl farms reporting., 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 19 acres (arms reporting., 

90 to 29 acres farms reporting., 

30 to 49 acres .'farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. , 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. , 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. , 

1,000 or more acre? farms reoorting., 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

Cropland not harvests) and not pastured farms reporting. , 

Soil- improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. , 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. , 

Woodland pastured farms reportinn. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

Other nasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. , 

Improved pasture farms reporti ng . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. , 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on Die contour farms reporting . , 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting.. 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. , 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. 

Under 25 years number. 

25 to 34 years number. , 

35 to 44 years number. 

45 to 51 years number. 

55 to 64 years number. 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years . , 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. , 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting., 

200 or more days operators reporting. , 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting., 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. , 

Operators not working off their farms or nut reporting 

aa to work off their farms operators reporting., 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. , 

With income from sources other than farm operated . operators reporting. , 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reportine. , 

See footnotes at end of table. 



67,940 

9.0 

199.8 



5,335 

106 

2,308 



1,15c 

30 

1,065 



171,250 
22.7 
340.5 



13,504 

128 

5,628 

30 
2,435 

98 
3,193 

46 

2,903 

401 

35,756 



110,953 
14.7 
619.8 



49,436 

6.6 

1,267.6 



80 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Dal a arc based on reports for only a sample of (arms. See texlj 



(For definitions and explaj 



FARMS BY COLOR VND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants numln>r.. 

Cash tenants number. . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Livestock- share tenant* number. . 

Croopers number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

White farm operators! 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers number . . 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number.. 

Croppers number . . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF F \RM 

Cash-grain farms number. . 

Tobacco farms number . . 

Cotton farms nunber.. 

Other field-crop farms number.. 

Vegetable farms numher.. 

Fruit-and-nut farms number. . 

Poultry farms number.. 

Dairy Farms number. . 

Livestock larms other than poultry and dairy farms number.. 

Oenerai farms number. . 

Miscellaneous farms number.. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Com pickers forms reporting.. 

•number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters ,. .. farms reportinp.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reportinp.. 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporti ng . . 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporti ng . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporti ng . . 

number. . 

Crasvler tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Automobiles and/or motor! rucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer .... farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler . . farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. , 

Power-operated eleialor, conveyor, or blower farms reporting., 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface .... farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to *> hard si rface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile . farms reporting., 

2 or .1 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting . , 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting, , 

persons.. 
Funu- report i ni; l>> nun Iht nf rvjnii-ir hm-d «.irk>T- 

1 hired worker , farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

.1 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. , 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,776 
1,903 
1,898 
2,006 



4,262 
9,442 
4,041 
8,259 
1,829 
1,164 
653 
189 



1,183 
4,630 
5,995 
4,937 
4,572 
3,353 
980 
994 



1,030 
1,284 

1,131 
1,055 



DELAWARE 



81 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS RY SIZEOF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of forms. See text , 



(hot definitions and e^plai 



Size of farm-Con Li m 



FARMS RY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators 

Full owners . . number. 

Part owner* number. 

All tenants number. 

Ca.-h tenant* . , number. 

Share-rash tenants number. 

Crop-shore tenants number. 

Livestock-share tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

Other ami unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Fullowners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants . number. 

Croppers number . 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

r 1 ul I owners number . 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash- grain farms number., 

Tobacco farms number . . 

Other field-cron farms number. , 

Vegetable farms number.. 

Fruit-and-nut farms number., 

Poultry farms number., 

Dairy farms number., 

Livestock farms other than poultry ami dairy farms number., 

General farms ... number. . 

Miscellaneous farms number.. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms report ing. , 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number., 
Piek-un balers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Tractors farms reporting. , 

number.. 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number., 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporti ng . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

Automobiles Farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobile- and or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop dner (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting.. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms repoimg. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

I or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

lmile farms reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reoorting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting., 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hi red workers farms reporti ng . . 

Regular hired worker* (employed 1 50 or more days) farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms report i ng . . 

3 or 4 hired workers 'arms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

See footnotes at end of t*ble. 



82 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials /arms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Corn farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Wheat farms reporting., 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Irish potatoes farms reporting . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

All other crops farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Lime or timing materials used during the year farms reporting, 



SPECIFIED F\RM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to 51,999 farms 

$2,000 to $4,999 tama 

$5,000 or more farms 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms 

Under $1,000 Earns 

$1,000 to $2,499 farTT ' 9 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$10,000 or more farms 

Machine hire farms 

Under $200 fwms 

$200 to $899 farms 

$1,000 or more farms 

Hired labor farms 

Under $200 farms 

$200 to $499 farms 

$500 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms 

$50,000 or more farms 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $499 farms 

$500 to $999 tarms 

$1,000 or more farms 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms 

Under $100 farms 

$100 to $499 farms 

$500 to $999 farms 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms 

$5,000 or more farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,713 
331,151 
74,040 
3,697 
70,501 
183 
3,539 



reporting, 
report! nc . 
reporting. 



rerortinc. . 
reporting.. 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
dollars., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
rt'rortm!:. . 

reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
dollars., 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 



reporting., 
dollars., 

reporting. , 

reporting. , 
reporting., 
reporti ng . . 



3,195 

134,779 

3,139 

25,789 



5,058 

86 

5,592 



2,192 

131, 172 

2,186 

27,306 



1,666 
69,171 
64,571 



5,178 

4,108 

36,052.985 



3,054 
9,016,074 

1,432 



870,086 
1,400 
1,174 



3,282 

1,492,564 
1,484 



5,098 

2,442,117 

1,417 

2,049 



1,196 

854 

7,025,395 



DELAWARE 83 

State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



(Fit definition* and explanations, see text) 



[DhUi arc IkimimI on rqmrl- fur on U n -.iin, 1. \<- of farms. Sect 



Si/.euf farm— Continued 



220 to 259 acres 2fi0 t 



500 to 999 acres 1,000 t, 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting., 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Corn farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Wheat farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

Dry materials .farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. . 



1,115 

11 

1,436 



12,729 

33 

3,371 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

Under M00 farms reporting., 

$100 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting., 

Machine hire farms reporting. , 

dollars., 

Under $200 farms reporting. , 

$200 to 5999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 or more farms reporting . , 

Hired labor farms reporting. , 

dollars., 

Under $200 farms reporting., 

$200 to$499 farms reporting. , 

$500 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulhs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dot tars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$130 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to 9999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 rarms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



84 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of famis. See text] 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dol 

average per farm, dol 

All crops sold 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold .. 



,M . 



Fruits and nuts sold 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dol 

\ll livestock and livestock products sold 

Poultry and poultry products sold dol 

Dairy products sold dol 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold doll 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved . 



Heifers and heifer calves . . 
Steers and bulls including s 



r and bull calves . 



s reporting 

s reporting 

number 
s reporting 

number 
s reporting 

number 
3 reporting 

number 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 4 head farms reporting 

5 to 9 head A farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reportin; 

20 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 to 499 head farms reporti 

500 or more head farms reporting 

Cows including heifers that have calved— 

1 hoad farms reporting 

2 to 9 head (arms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more hoad farms renorting 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporti ng 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 hoad farms repotting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

Horses and/or mules farms repotting 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting 

number 

Born since June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 

number 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting 

number 

Ewes farms reporting 

number 

Rams and wethers farms reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

dollars 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting 

dollars 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting 

pounds 
dollars 

Chickens inclm-iiris linn I it- -nil farms reporting 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 
dollars 

See footnotes at end of table. 



84,747,980 

16,288 

24,937,-483 

16,813,672 

4,442,438 
509,998 

3,171,375 
59,810,497 
47,786,328 

8,260,392 

3,763,777 



2,459 
58,163 

2,153 
32,255 

1,854 
27,254 

1,765 
18,145 

1,524 

7,763 



1,193 
3,574 
2,206 

37,055 
1,391 

22,388 
1,649 

14,667 

115 



2,013 

26,337 

2,158,651 

1,295 

43,328 

1,429,824 

98 

4,371 

52,452 

1,184 

177,919,802 

8,260,392 

2,354 

42,868,981 

1,248 

8,552,950 

3,677,770 



:, 670,046 

15,318 

472,354 

13,085 

6,725 

544 

452,000 

i, 197, 692 

;, 146,142 



31,509,215 

9,623 

1,589,264 

527,610 

136,880 

5,829 

918,945 

9,919,951 

9,515,155 

34,855 

369,941 



4,612,886 

9,338 

726,586 

660,153 

50,745 

6,488 

9,200 

3,886,300 

3,593,395 

113,265 

179,640 



7,674,169 
13,141 
949,996 



24,175 

6,724,173 

5,788,725 

657,305 



2,225 
155,360 



DELAWARE 



85 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Cohtinued 

(Data are baaed on reports for only n sample of farms. *■<■ U<*t | 



(For definitions and explanations, boo text) 



Si 7.0 (if faniM Vmti I 



140 lo 179 acres 



ESTIMATED VALUE OE PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other Ulan vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars... 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. . , 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AMD LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and calves farms reporting... 

Cows, including heifers that have calvod farms reporting. . . 

number... 
Milk cows farms reporting. .. 

number .. . 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . . 

Steers and bulls including steer and hull calves farms reporting. . . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 4 head farms reporting.. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting... 

20 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting... 

500 or more head farms reporting. .. 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head Jams reporting. . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. .. 

10(1 or more head farms reporting... 

VSlkcows- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 bead farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 head farms renorting. . . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . . 

Horses and/Ctr mules farms reporting. . . 

number... 

HogS and pigs farms renorting. . . 

number. . . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. .. 

number... 

Bom before June I farms reporting... 

number... 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting... 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting... 

Ewes farms reporting. .. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting... 

number... 

Chickens 4 months old and ovet farms reporting. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number... 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. .. 

dollars... 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting 

number 

dollars... 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. .. 

dollars... 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting... 

dollars... 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens 



6,047,579 

14,097 

2,198,869 

1,924,953 

166,575 

17,763 

89,578 

3,848,710 

2,759,726 

837,355 

251,629 



5,271,430 

15,504 

1,924,351 

1,594,310 

182,890 

142,061 

5,090 

3,347,079 

2,007,114 

1,091,560 

248,405 



85 
345 
175 

2,480 
100 

1,020 
140 

1,460 



4,500,511 

19,826 

2,051,036 

1,387,799 

141,115 
9,997 

512,125 
2,449,475 

786,178 
1,362,850 

300,447 



11,576,218 

23,014 

5,148,100 

3,672,026 

1,183,650 

253,559 

38,865 

6,428,118 

3,564,948 

2,160,465 

702,705 



13,409 

316 

7,957 



9,498,934 
53,067 
4,574,107 
3,142,562 
1,087,404 
58,327 

285,814 
4,924,827 
3,332,821 

909,335 

682,671 



3,547,585 

90,964 

2,132,362 

762,862 

639, 548 
13,319 

716,633 
1,415,223 
1,039,837 

191,802 

183,584 



.tollal 



See footnotes at end of table. 



220,605 
94,860 | 



86 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for unlv ;i sample of farms. Sec te\l ! 



[For drTinilion.s and oxplai 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODI'CTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959 ....farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 liUors fArms reporting. 

3 to 9 Jitters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters Firms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting. 



■ report inc. 
3 reporting. 

- n-r>orlin;'. 
s reporting. 

- reporting. 



bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 

Sales f aims reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay .-...farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeaa cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, ot small grains farms reporting 

tons, green weight 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

Sales dollars . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . . . 

Apples 3 farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages number. . . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . . 

Trees of bearing age number... 

Quantity harvested bushels . . . 



165 

320 

3,748 

147,167 

7,173,292 

2,942 

5,124,674 

1,091 

25,001 

649,512 

1,036 

607,815 

772 



399 
273,566 

2,967 

136,513 

3,188,437 



1,127 
20,155 
32,154 



96,472 
34,942 
61,530 
273,665 



Z Reported in small fractions. - 1 Includes milk equivalent of crei 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevine: 



t and butterf at sold . 



DELAWARE 

State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



87 



(Data are basi*l on mpoitfl f<ir only ■ BUnpte of farm*. So 



Si/.c> of fiimi-Coritiminl 



LfVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PraiWCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959 ....bums reporting 

number of liters 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting 

3 to 9 titters farms reporting 

10 to 10 lillere tarns reporting 

20 to 39 I itters farms reporti ng 

40 to 69 1 liters farms reporti ng 

70 or more litters farms reporting 

June2 to November 30 farms reporting 

number of liners 
December 1 to Juno t farms reporting 

number of litters 

SPECIFIED CROPS a\H VESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting 



9 reporting 

■j ri'[n.rliri:.' 

s reporting 
9 reporting 



Harvested for grain , 



Wheat harvested fauns reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales fanns reporting 

bushels 

harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 



Sales farms reporting. 



Sales f aims reporting . 

spedeza cut for hay farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting . 



Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 



green weight. 



-farms reporting. 



Apples 3 farms reporting . 

Trees of *»i 1 ages number . 

Trees not of bearing age number. 

Trees of bearing age... number. 

Qiantity harvested bushels. 



33,659 


22,822 


1,637,145 


1,133,825 


391 


148 


1,132,640 


893,030 


252 


110 


7,509 


5,152 


191,828 


140,126 


252 


110 


183,930 


134,071 


181 


104 


2,763 


3,446 


124,533 


146,134 



1,140 

165 

3,435 



73,497 
27,872 
45,625 
155,540 



16,790 
6,510 
10,280 
35,760 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959 

{Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texl 



(For descriptions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm .dollars 

Average per acre dollars, 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

ID to 10 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporti 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) forms reporting 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting, 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting, 

Improved pasture farms reporting, 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land , . .farms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age .number 

Under 25 yeara number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years numl>er 

55 to fi4 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average ago years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With oUier members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

With other income of family exceeding value of 
agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting 
With otiier income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

See footnotes at end of table. 



754,382 
145.0 



6,030 

3,469 

182,376 



1,111 
1,268 
1,232 



1,030 
1,326 

3,003 
499 

1,114 



685,582 
100.0 
176.4 



2,292 


1,862 


50,318 


47,153 


1,186 


765 


28,062 


21,469 



4,750 
2,633 

158,611 



250,655 
36.6 
118.7 



2,875 
1,417 
67,210 

250 
5,428 

117 
3,270 



306,363 
44.7 
268.7 



DELAWARE 



89 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

I Data ore bused on reports for only a sample of farms. Seo text J 



(For definitions ami explai 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Caah tenants 



Other and 
unspecified 

benante 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si ze of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings 

Average per farm ..dollars 

Avenge per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms rerjorting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporti ng 

Cropland used only for pasture ..farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in covet crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour Tarns reporti ng 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land /arms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age .number 

Under 25 years .number 

25 to 34 years .number 

35 to 44 years number 

55 to 64 years f .:>■ <6f 

65 or more years ., number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sourcesother than farm operated . . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

See footnotes at end of table. 



46,145 

6.7 

209.8 



10,015 

1.5 

303.5 



90 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of forma. See text J 



Commercial farms by 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting 

number 
Com pickers farms reporting 

Pick-up balers farms reporting 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 



Tractors farms reporting 

number 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting 



, .farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 



Wheel tractors farms reporting 

Crawler tractors farms reporting 

number 

Garden tractors farms reporting 

number 

Automobiles farms reporting 

number 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting 

Telephone farms reporting 

Pome freezer farms reporting 

Milking machine farms reporting 

Electric milk cooler , .farms reporting 



Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporti ng . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms renorlinR. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road rarms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting., 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

\ miles farms reporting., 

5 or more miles farms reporting., 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

i farm operated operators reporting. 

g on farm operated operators reporting. , 

ot reporting residence jiumber. , 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year operators reporting. 



Dry materials . . 
Liquid materials 



Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

See footnotes at end of table. 



i reporting. 
> reporting. 
i reporting. 

i reporting. 



8,259 
1,829 
1,164 



3,7X3 
331,151 
74,040 
3,697 
70,501 
183 
3,539 



3,195 

134,779 

3,139 

25,789 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 
1,895 



4,619 

3,281 
8,067 
3,175 
7,174 
1,159 
989 
633 



3,489 
4,553 
3,711 



2,952 
314,956 
70,980 
2,936 
67,454 
177 
3,526 



2,619 

126, 594 

2,568 

24,203 



1,663 
3,391 
1,577 
2,911 



1,845 
2,303 
1,971 



1,438 
89,841 
20,067 
1,428 
19,255 
63 
812 



1,255 
41,873 
1,230 
7,511 



1,090 
3,280 
1,080 
3,023 



1,064 
1,529 
1,125 



1,029 
162,236 
37,405 
1,023 
35,433 
96 
1,972 



DELAWARE 



91 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Data are based on reports for only • sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



clal farms by tenure of operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



SPEC1FTED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES \ND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines fa/ma reporting. , 

number., 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting., 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number. , 
Motortrucks farms reporti ng . , 

Tractors ; farms reporting. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number. . 

1 tractor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporti ng . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporti ng . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence .number.. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and crop! and pasture farms reporti ng . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland) Tarms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Corn farms reporting.., 

Dry materials farms reporting.., 

Liquid materials farms reporting.., 



See footnotes at end of table. 



92 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample or farms. See text] 

Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



USE OF COMMERCI 4L FERTILIZER AND LIME-Continued 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 
Wheat farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

All other crops farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



UnderSlOO 

$100 to $999 

51,000 to S1.999 

$2,000 to 54,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry . 

Under 11,000 

$1,000 to 12,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under S200 



dollars. 
s reporting. 

3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 

i reporting. 



5,058 

86 

5,592 



2,192 

131,172 

2,1S6 

27,306 



1,666 
69,171 
64,571 



5,178 

4,108 

36,052,985 



3,054 

9,016,074 

1,432 



2,689 

870,086 

1,400 

1,17* 



1,767 

124,577 

1,761 

26,095 



1,421 
65,131 
61,671 



3,887 

3,258 

35,781,600 



2,112 

1,833 

18,761,809 



15,777 

13 

1,272 



$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and I 



its reporting., 
ms reporting., 
ms renorting., 
n's reporting.. 



s reporting. 
s renorting. 



3,282 

1,492,564 

1,484 

1,334 



farms reporting. , 

dollars., 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. , 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. , 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. , 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 



5,098 

2,4*2,117 

1,417 

2,049 



i vegetables and fruits f 



Forcsi products and horticultural specialty products sulci dollai 



All I: 



. .dollai 



d livestock products sold 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollai 

Dairy products sold dollai 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollai 

See footnotes at end of table. 



24,937,483 
16,813,672 

4,4*2,438 
509,998 

3,171,375 

59,810,497 
47,786,328 
8,260,392 



23,9*5,875 
15,980,875 

*, 368, 313 
500,882 

3,095,805 

59,427,826 
47,633,5*8 
8,23*,922 



7,032,929 

5,123,98* 

1,027,757 

257,936 

623,252 

29,266,752 
24,791,035 
2,734,107 



11,515,266 

7,975,264 

2,606,142 

169,105 

764,755 

19,047,2 
14,091,461 
3,606,599 



62,1 
2,***, 229 
311,948 
516,979 
63,75* 
1,551,548 

3,898,590 

3,454,937 

328,831 






DELAWARE 



93 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



USE OF CTHP-rERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME-Continuad 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing matenals 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 
Wheat farms reporting- 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Irish potatoes /arms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed Tor livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

Under MOO farms reporting. . 

S100 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting., 

dollars., 

Under $1,00C farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $9, 199 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. , 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting., 

$10,000 or more farms reporting., 

Machine hire farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting,. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 to 549,999 farms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to 54,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm product* sold .total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars.. 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other lhan vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural snecialty products sotd dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



of operator — Continued 



286,914 

280, 587 

5,490 

2,837 



1,856,666 

1,113,972 

652,335 



426,250 
399,870 
26,380 



337,893 
156,553 
162,440 



2,822,398 

12,829 

1,264,000 

1,116,990 

147,010 



1,558,398 
875,848 
532,430 



269,931 
179,834 
72,545 



103,769 
48,394 
15,375 



432,655 

282,540 
135,480 



94 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Commercial farms by 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved 

Milk cows 

Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves 



s reporting 
9 reporting 

number 
9 reporting 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

2 to 4 hear! farms renorting. 

5 to 9 head farms 

10 to 19 head farms 

20 to 49 head farms 

50 to 99 head farms 

100 to 490 head 






Drting. 
5 reporting, 

> reporting, 
s reporting, 



Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms renortine 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head iarms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms report] ng 

10 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 71 head farms reporting 

) head farms reporting 



100 c 






1 head farms 

2 to 9 head farms 

10 to 19 head farms 

20 to 29 head farms 

m to 19 heart farms 

50 to 74 head farms 

75 to 99 head farms 

100 or more head farms r 

Horses and/Of mules farms r 



HogS and pigS farms 

Bom since Juno 1 farms 

Horn before June 1 farms 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting 

number 
Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 

Sheen 1 year old and over farms reporting 

Rams and wethers farms reporting 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 



number 
reporting 

number 



Sheep and lambs sold a 



Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting., 



dollars 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting 

number of litters 

lor 2 litters farms reporting 

ft to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 



20 to 39 lit 
40 to 69 lit 

70 or more 
June 2 to Not 



ronorti ng . . 
reporti ng . . 
reporting. . 



er -10 farms reporti ng . , 

number of litters., 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting., 

number of litters., 



2,459 
58,163 

2,153 
32,255 

1,854 
27,254 

1,765 
18,145 

1,524 

7,763 



2,013 

26,337 

2,158,651 

1,295 

43,328 

1,429,824 

98 



1,184 

177,919,802 

8,260,392 

2,354 

42,868,981 

1,248 

8,552,950 

3,677,770 



1,974 
55,968 

1,778 
31,400 

1,549 
26,674 

1,470 
17,370 

1,299 

7,198 



1,193 


898 


3,574 


2,789 


2,206 


1,646 


37,055 


32,805 


1,391 


1,046 


22,388 


19,818 


1,649 


1,244 


14,667 


12,987 



2,346 

85 

2,219 



1,708 

25,497 

2,075,006 



1,139 

177,372,834 

8,234,922 

2,104 

42,835,443 



58,464,859 

2,734,107 

1,269 

22,987,350 



628 

21,375 

571 

12,267 

504 

10,688 

502 

7,199 

423 

1,909 



2,111 

17 

1,061 



DELAWARE 



95 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1,959-Continued 

| Data are based on reports Tor only a sample of Turns. See text] 



Commercial fa 



of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



LIVESTOCK \NT) LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

number . 
Milk cows farms reporting. 

number . . 
Heifers and hei fer calves farms reporting. 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and cajves- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head ... farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head . ... farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head .... farms reporting.. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms r.-porUng.. 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head .... farms reporting.. 

W to 49 head farms reporting., 

50 to 74 head 'arms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head ...farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head ....... farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head , farms reporting. , 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

% to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head . .farms reporting.. 

HotSes and Of mules farms reporting.. 

number . . 

HogS and pigS farms reporting., 

number. . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting., 

number. , 
Bom before Juno 1 farms reporting. , 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting. . 

number., 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting., 

number., 

Sheep 1 year old and ovet farms reporting., 

number . , 

Ewes farms reporting.. 

number., 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. , 

number . , 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting., 

nuiiber. 

dollars., 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Sheeo and Iambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold Farms reporting. 

Chickens including broilers sold Tarms reporting. 

dollars., 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dollars 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 
to November 30, 1959 farms reporting., 

number of litters., 

1 or 2 litters .... farms reporting.. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting., 

10 to 19 litters .... farms reporting., 

20 to ^9 litters ... , farms reporting., 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting., 

70 or more litters ..... farms reporting.. 

June 2 to Noi ember V) farms reports ng . , 

number of litters., 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting.. 



159,600 
68,623 



rot lil 



See footnotes at end of table. 



96 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 

Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms 

Under 11 acres farms 

11 to 24 acres farms 

25 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 74 acres farms 

75 to 99 acres farms 

100 or more acres farms 

Harvested for grain farms 

Sales farms 

Wheat harvested farms 

Sales farms 

Barley harvested farms 

Sales farms 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms 



reporting . 

reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting . 
reporting . 
reporting. 

bushels. 

reporting . 

bushels . 



bushels . 

reporting . 

bushels. 



bushels . 

reporting. 

bushels . 

reporting. 

bushels. 



Hay crops : 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. 



,-r^e 



eight. 



Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

Sales dollars . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 

Apples 3 farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age number. 

Trees of bearing age number. 

Quantity harvested bushels. 



165 

320 

3,748 

147,167 

7,173,292 

2,942 

5,124,674 

1,091 

25,001 

649,512 

1,036 

607,815 

772 



2,967 

136,513 

3,188,437 



1,127 
20,155 
32,154 



96,472 
34,942 
61,530 
273,665 



165 

314 

2,932 

136,982 

6,782,162 

2,371 

4,869,244 

1,046 
24,676 
643,542 

1,011 
604,385 

712 



2,332 

125,768 

2,968,297 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



38 

69 

1,450 

44,846 

2,198,590 

1,116 

1,534,914 

434 



1,060 
37,289 
913,135 



68,382 
26,172 
42,210 

138,700 



1,012 
66,140 

3,174,007 



10,750 
2,210 
8,540 

97,080 



15,656 

13 

15,176 



34,970 

10 

20,240 



16,860 
6,510 
10,350 
37,210 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 






DELAWARE 97 

State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



3 based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ] 



- and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by 



of operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



SPECIFIED PROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms reporting 

Under 11 acres farms reporting 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 or more acres farms reporting 

Harvested for grain farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

tons, green weight. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Vegetables harvested for sal£ farms reporting. 

Sales dollars 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting 

Apples 3 farms reporting 

TreeB of all ages number 

Trees not of bearing age number 

Trees of bearing age number 

Quantity harvested bushels 



12,194 
21 

10,965 



29,750 

30 

19,465 



98 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For descriptions and explanatio 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms .number. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in farms acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres., 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. , 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. , 

20 to 29 acres farms reportin 

30 to 49 acres farms reportin 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. , 

200 to 499 acres farms reportini 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

Sot I -improvement grasses and legumes Tarms reporting., 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. 

Improved pasture farms reporti ng . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. , 

Cropland used for grnin or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting., 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. , 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. , 

FARM OPERATORS BV AGE 
Operators reporting age number. , 

Under 25 years number., 

25 to 34 years number. , 

35 to 44 years number. 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number., 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . , 

OFF- FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fatm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting., 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. , 

100 to 199 days operators reporti ng . , 

200 or more days operators reporting. , 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. , 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting., 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



741, 342 
148.3 



2,252 
49,873 
1,116 

26,852 



6,015 

3,354 

179,081 



1,071 
1,208 
1,197 



2,918 

479 

1,074 



cial farms try tenure of white operator 



675,642 
100.0 
177.0 



4,750 

2,593 

155,961 



246,520 
36.5 
118.7 



8,822 

74 

2,394 



2,875 
1,397 
66,150 



23,541 

30 
1,375 



301,058 
44.6 
271-2 



DELAWARE 99 

State Table 21a. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TFNURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only i 



(Fur definitions and explai 



Commercial farms by tenure of white operator— Continued 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms .number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si te of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

I to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 99 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting, 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control /arms reporti ng 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land /arms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age .number, 

Under 25 years .number. 

25 to 34 years .number. 

15 to 44 years number. 

45 to 54 years number, 

55 to 64 years .number, 

65 or more years number, 

Average age years, 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting, 

1 to 99 days operators reporti ng . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting, 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting , 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-fan:} work operators reporting , 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting, 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting, 

With income from sources other Ihan farm operated. . . operators reporting, 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agriculture] products sold operators reporting, 

See footnotes at end of table. 



100 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are bawd on reports For only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



Commercial farms by tenure of white operator 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. , 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Tractors farms reporti ng . 

Tractors other Ulan garden farms reporting. , 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting., 

2 tractors farms reporting., 

1 tractors farms reporting., 

4 tractors farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wh o| tractors farms reporting. 

Crawler tractors forms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number. 

Automobi les farms report] ng , , 

\utomobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reportin 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms renorting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms repining. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms renorting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting., 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or .1 miles farms reporting. 

1 miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers rarms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year operators reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporti n| 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Other pasUire (not cropland) farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials rarms reporting. 

Corn farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,147 
9,277 
3,926 
8,099 
1,749 
1,134 
653 
184 



4,465 
5,815 
4,757 



3,588 
327,801 
73,394 
3,572 
69,870 
178 
3,524 



3,080 

132,734 

3,024 

25,458 



1,605 
1,722 
1,762 
1,870 



4,539 

3,221 

7,967 
3,115 
7,074 
1,129 
964 
633 



2,897 
312,271 
70,454 
2,881 
66,943 
172 
3,511 



2,564 

125,089 

2,513 

23,955 



1,628 
3,341 
1,542 
2,861 



1,810 
2,268 
1,936 



19,871 
1,398 
19,059 



1,225 
41,093 
1,200 
7,398 



1,070 
3,235 
1,060 
2,978 



1,039 
1,504 
1,095 



1,004 
160,936 
37,075 



DELAWARE 101 

State Table 21a. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are based on reports for only a simple of farms. See text] 



clal farms by tenure of white operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIN'D OF ROAD 



Grain combines 

Com pickers 

Pick-up balers 

Field forage harvesters . 
Motortrucks 



s reportj ng . . 

number . , 
i reporting., 

number., 
i reporti ng . , 

number., 
3 reporti ng . , 

number. , 



Tractors ton™ reporting., 

number.. 

Tractors other th an garden farms reporting., 

number., 

1 tractor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractrrs farms reporting . 

number., 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number., 
Garden tractors farms reporting., 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. . 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting. 

hone freezer farms reporting., 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting., 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than I mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. , 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. , 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting., 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting., 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persona. 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



; reporting. . 
s reporti ng . , 
= reporting.. 
i reporting, 
s reporting.. 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 



Dry materials forms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Corn /arms reporting., 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Se* botootes at end of table. 



102 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and expla 



USE OF COMMERCI \L FERTILIZER A.ND UME-Continued 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used-Continued 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials : farms reporting.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

All other crops forms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Lime or liming materials used during (lie year farms reporting. . 

acres limed.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting., 

$100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. , 

$.1,000 or more /arms reporting. , 

'urchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 



Under $1,<W0 

£1,000 to $2,499 . 
$2,500 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . 
$10,000 or more . 



Under S200 .. 
$200 to S999 . 
$1,000 or more 



dollar 

s reporting.. 
5 reporting.. 
1 reporti ng . . 
5 reporting.. 
s reporting. . 



Under S200 .' 

$200 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 '..'. 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. 



Under $100 

S100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $1,999 

$5,000 or more 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 



dollars.. 

s reporting.. 
3 reporting. , 
> reporting.. 

* reporting.. 



All crops sold dollai 

Field crops, other than vegetables un! fruits and nuts, sold dollar 

Vegetables sold dollai 

Fruits and nuts sold dollai 

Forest products and horticultural *pe''ni!i\ products ^olii dollai 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollai 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollai 

Dairy products sold dollai 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
Ulan poultry and dairy, sold dollai 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,122 

129,927 

2,116 

27,016 



1,631 
68,651 
64,081 



4,988 

3,968 

35,900,330 



2,969 

8,982,264 

1,362 



2,604 

850,906 

1,345 

1,149 



3,167 

1,482,234 

1,404 

1,299 



4,918 

2,403,497 

1,317 

1,989 



24,650,698 
16,567,842 

4,401,483 
509,998 

3,171,375 

59,525,122 
47,597,958 
8,201,132 



:ial farms by tenure of white operator 



1,732 

123,457 

1,726 

25,842 



1,396 
64,686 
61,216 



3,817 

3,218 

35,648,255 



23,694,024 
15,762,294 

4,335,043 
500,882 

3,095,1 

59,176,705 
47,447,512 
8,182,422 



1,792 

17 

2,149 



2,077 

1,818 

18,749,684 



36,139,916 

17,400 

6,918,920 

5,018,245 

1,019,487 

257,936 

623,252 

29,220,996 
24,790,914 
2,694,107 



30,290,077 

27,288 

11, 389, 154 

7,874,152 

2,581,142 

169,105 

764,755 

18,900,923 
13,964,546 
3,594,099 



311,948 

516,979 

63,754 

1,551,548 

3,898,590 

3,454,937 

328,831 



DELAWARE 103 

State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are bM«d on report* for only a sample of farms'. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER \VD LIME- Continued 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year- Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Dry maleri a] s farms report! ng . , 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other croos farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting, . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting., 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. , 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. , 

dollars., 

Under MOO farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 farms reporting, , 

$1,000 to $1,999 1 farms reporting . , 

$2,000 to £4,999 farms reporting., 

55,000 or more farms reporting. , 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

Under S1.00C farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $9,199 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 to $6,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting., 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $900 Farms reporting., 

$300 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more ' farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under <200 farms reporting. , 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farms reporti ng . , 

$1,1)00 to 52,499 , farms reporting. , 

$2,500 to 54.999 farms reportinp.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting., 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting., 

$20,000 to 549,999 farms reporti nc. , 

$50,000 or more farms reporting. , 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting., 

dollars., 

Under $100 farms reporting., 

^100 to $499 , farms reporti ng . . 

$500 to 5999 farms reporting.. 

*l,OO0 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporti ne.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. , 

$500 to 5999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to 54,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold .total, dollar 

average per farm, dollar 

.All crops sold dollar 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollar 

Vegetables sold dollai 

Fruits and nuts sold dollai 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollai 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollai 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollar 

Dairy products sold dollai 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollai 

See footnotes at end of table. 



of white operator — Continued 



280,587 
5,490 
2,837 



1,856,666 

1,113,972 
652,335 



426,250 
399,870 
26,380 



337,893 
156,553 
162,440 



1,252,270 
1,105,260 

147,010 



1,499,398 

-"' ,■:.. I 
532,430 



269,931 
179,834 
72,545 



103,769 
48,394 
15,375 



432,655 
282,540 
135,480 



104 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are basod on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



ial farms by tenure of white operator 



All tenants 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. 

Cows, including heiFers that have calved farms reporting., 

Milk cows farms reportini 

number.. 
Heifers and heifer calves farms r 

Steers and 1ml Is including steer and hull calves farms r 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . 

5 to head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting, 

3) to 49 head farms reporti ng . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporti ng . 

Cows, including heifers thai have calved— 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

10 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk COW5- 

1 head farms renortirtg. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting, 

10 lo 19 head farms report i ng . 

20 to 29 head , farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting, 

SO to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporti ng . 

100 or more head farms reporti rig. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

Born since June 1 farms reporti ng. 

number. 
Bom before June 1 .farms reporting. 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 
Sheen 1 year old and over farms reporting, 

number. 
Ewes farms reporti ng . 

Rams and wethers farms reporti ng . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms repotting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars, 
flogs and nigs sold alive farms reporting. 

dollars. 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. 

pounds 
dollars. 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold ....... .farms reporting. 

dozens., 
dollars., 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

tO November 30, 1959 farms reporting. , 

number of lit 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting.. 

3 to 9 litters farms renorting., 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting., 

20 to -39 litters farms reporting. . 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting 

70 or more Utters farms reporting 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting 

number of litters 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters., 
See footnotes at end of table. 





2,379 


1,949 




57,628 


55,628 




2,088 


1,758 




31,960 


31,215 




1,794 


1,534 




26,969 


26,499 




1,720 


1,450 




17,990 


17,270 




1,494 


1,279 




7,678 


7,143 



1,133 


883 


3,494 


2,769 


2,051 


1,601 


35,605 


32,515 


1,296 


1,021 


21,533 


19,638 


1,524 


1,209 


14,082 


12,877 



26,162 

2,150,111 
1,225 
42,443 
1,400,619 
98 
4,371 
52,452 



1,159 

176,771,392 

8,201,132 

2,319 

42,682,883 

1,223 

8,550,400 

3,676,673 



1,129 

176,428,834 

8,182,422 

2,084 

42,649,593 



57,735,859 
2,694,107 

1,269 
22,987,350 



DELAWARE 



105 



State Table 21a. -FA RMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are based 00 report m for only a Simple of farms. Soe text ] 

Commercial farms by tenure- of white operator— Continued 



(For definitions* and explai 



Cash tenants 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle Wd Calves Conns reporting.. 

Cows, including heiCers that have calved farms reporting.. 

number. , 
Milk cows Conns reporting.. 

number., 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. 

number. , 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporti nj 

number., 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head Carms reporti ng . . 

2 to 4 head Carms report! ng . . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 bead farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head ... farms reporti ng . . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head Carms reporting.. 

500 or more head Carms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head Farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting, . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head .... farms reporting. . 

.10 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head ... farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head Cams reporting.. 

TO to 49 head Carms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/or mules f^ns reporting. . 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting., 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs farms retorting.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting., 

number. , 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting., 

number. , 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reportir 

number., 
dollars., 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number., 
dollars., 

Sheen and lambs sold alive farms reporting., 

number. , 
dollars., 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting., 

pounds 
dollars.. 

Chickens including hroilers sold farms reporting. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting., 

dollars 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 litters ... farms reporting, 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms renorting. 

June 2 to November TO farms reporting. 

number of litters. 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 



106 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21a.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Commercial farms by tenure of white operator 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms 

Under 11 acres farms 

11 to 24 acres farms 

25 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 74 acres farms 

75 to 99 acres farms 

100 or more acres farms 

Harvested for grain farms 

Sales farms 

Wheat harvested farms 

Sales farms 

Barley harvested f arms 

Sales farms 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms 



reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting . 

bushels . 

reporting . 

bushels . 



bushels. 
sporting. 

bushels . 



bushels . 

reporting . 

bushels . 

reporting. 

bushels . 



Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 

Sales farms repc rting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales .farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

tons, green weight. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting., 

Sales dollars . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . , 

Apples 3 farms reporting. , 

Trees of all ages number . , 

Trees not of bearing age number . , 

Trees of bearing age number . , 

Quantity harvested bushels . , 



165 

320 

3,583 

144,662 

7,062,742 

2,847 

5,072,924 

1,081 

24,891 

647,037 

1,026 

605,440 

772 



2,872 

133,333 

3,103,43? 



1,122 
20,130 
32,104 



96,472 
34,942 
61,530 

273,665 



165 

314 

2,862 

135,097 

6,696,012 

2,326 

4,824,994 

1,036 

24,566 

641,067 

1,001 

602,010 

712 



2,272 
123,113 

2,891,882 



96,342 
34,892 
61,450 
273,665 



2,156,065 
1,091 

1,504,014 



1,030 
36,249 
882,695 



68,382 
26,172 
42,210 

138,700 



16,860 
6,510 
10,350 
37,210 



i small fractions. 
1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 
3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 21a. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959- 



| Duf ft are huswl on reports for only a sample of farms. See L 



107 

Continued 



(Fur ili'fmilions nnd explai 



Commercial farms by tenure of white operator — Continued 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes far 



Under 11 i 
11 to 24 i 
25 to 49 . 



Harvested for grain. 






reporting 

reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 

bushels 

reporting 

bushels 



Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 



Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 



Soybeans harvested for beans. 



reporting 
bushels 



Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms 



reporting 



reporting. 



for hay farms reporting. 

farms reporting . 



reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

falfa, 

....farms reporting. 

tons, green weight. 



planted nut trees J farms reporting... 

Apples 3 farms reporting. . . 

Trees of all ages number . . . 

Trees not of bearing age number . . . 

Trees of bearing age number . . . 

Qiantity harvested bushels.. . 



108 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For descriptions and explai 



Commercial farms by tenure of nonwhlte operator 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms .number . . . 

Percent distribution percent... 

Land in farms acres.., 

Percent distribution percent.., 

Average size of farm acres.., 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.., 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting... 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farm? reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms Farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
fanned on the contour farms reporting.. 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting.. 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BV AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number.. 

25 to 34 years number. . 

35 to 44 years numher . . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number. . 

Average age years.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operaU>d and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their Tanns or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13,040 
63.6 



30 
42.9 

5,305 
53.4 

176.8 



DELAWARE 



109 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURF OF OPERATOR: CENSUSOF 1959-Continued 

| Data are bftSSd nn reports for only a sample of farms. See text ) 



Commercial farms by tenure of nonuhite operator— Continued 



Caeh tenants 



FARMS. XritF.VCK, WH \ U.1E 



Farms 

Percent distr 

Land in farms . 



Value of land and buildings: 



Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reportinn 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting , . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting... 

SO to 49 acres farms reporting. .. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting- .. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting... 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. .. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting... 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. .. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting... 

Woodland pastured farms reporting... 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting... 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. .. 



i crop and pasture land /arms reporting. , 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age .number.. 

Under 25 years .number . , 

25 to 34 years .number . , 

35 to 44 years number. , 

45 to 54 years number., 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number. , 



Average age 






OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 



Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporti ng . , 

200 or more days operators reporti ng . 

With other members of family working aff farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

With other income of family exceeding value of 
agricultural products sold operators reporting., 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . . operators reporting., 
With other income of family exceeding value 

of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



110 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21b. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, 



cial farms by • 



of nonwMte operator 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Cirain combines farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number.. 

1 tractor, ... farms reporting. . 

2 tractors .farms reporting. . 

1 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporti ng . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

Automobiles and/or motortructs farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. , 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (Tor grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-onerated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporti ng . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms renorting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 mile farm?, reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

-1 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more mi les farms reporti ng . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers [employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year operators reporting.. 

acres on which used. , 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. , 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

Corn farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



111 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of Turns. See textj 



ind explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines , farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporti ng . . 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Tractore farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Tractors other than garden . farms reporting.. 

1 (/actor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors . farms reporti ng . . 

number.. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporti ng . . 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Automobiles and. or motortrucks . .farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporti ng . . 

Milking machine .farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crop-) . .farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporti ng . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Leas than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more mites to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 mites , farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers (employed ISO or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reoorting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres on which used.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Corn farms reporting. . 

Dry maten a] s farms reporti ng . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by tenure oi" nonwhite operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Other and 
unspecified 

tenants 



... | 



112 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Commercial farms by ■ 



of nonnhite operato: 



USE OF COUMERCI \L FERTILIZER AND LHfE-Continued 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

AJ1 other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materi al s farms reporti ng . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the vear farms reporting.. 

acres limed.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditure* farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry .farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 .... farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to £1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to ?4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms report in::. . 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under 5200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more , farms reporti ng . . 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms renorting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms renorting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or mote farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $1(0 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 farms renorting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 .... farms reporti ng . . 

$100 to S4 99 farms reporting.. 

S500 to $999 farms reporti ng . . 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. , 

$5,000 or more farms reporting., 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. , 

average per farm, dollars. , 

All crops sold dollars. , 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars.. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

See footnotes al end of table. 



286,785 

245,830 
40,955 



285,375 
188,370 
59,260 



251,851 

218,581 
33,270 



251,121 
186,036 
52,500 



114,009 

105,739 

8,270 



45,756 

121 

40,000 

5,635 



126,112 
101,112 

25,000 



146,365 

126,915 
12,500 



DELAWARE 113 

State Table 21b.-FAKMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

J Data are baaed on reports For only a sample of farms See text ] 



erclal farme by tenure of nonwhite operator— Continued 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER \ND I.IME-ConUnued 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year-Continued 
Crops on which used— Continued 

Wheat farms reporting., 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Lime or liming materials used durine the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

\ny of the following specified expend i lures farms reporting. . 

Feed Tor livestock and poultry . .farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under MOO farms reporting.. 

S100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under S1.00G farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $?, 199 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under *200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farm- reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2, 199 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporti ng . . 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold .total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars.. 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold : dollars.. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural snecinliy products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold .dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



114 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Commercial farms by tenure of nonwhite operator 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and colves- 

1 head farms rpitorting.. 

2 lo 4 head , farms reporting.. 

5 to fl head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to -19 head farms reporting.. 

SO to 99 hear! farms reporting.. 

100 lo 19P head farm- reporting.. 

50Q or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 'JO head ..farms reporting.. 

10 to 1 9 ho ad farms reporting.. 

SO to 71 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 bead farms reporting;.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Mill, cows- 

1 head farm> reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 lo 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head . fam . reporting. . 

SO to 71 head farms renorting. . 

75 to 99 bead form 1 ; reporti ng . . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and /or mules farms reporting.. 

HogS and pigs farm* reporti ne.. 

number.. 
Born since June 1 , farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambS farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

. number. . 

Sheen t year old and over farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

numher. . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

dollars. . 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chickens including hroilers sold farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens . . 

dollars.. 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting.. 

number of litters. . 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. . 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. . 

70 or more li Iters farms reporting . . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporti ng . . . 

number of litters.., 
See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 115 

State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OK 1959-Continued 



LIVESTOCK \ND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . 

Steers anil hulls including *ilp**r onH dull calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Farms reporting hy number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting . ■ 

2 to 4 head farms reporti ng . . 

5 to 9 head farms reporti ng , . 

10 to 19 head farms reporti ng . . 

20 to 49 head . . .forms reporting.. 

SO to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head .farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporti ng . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 heed farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Milk cows- 

1 head forms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporti ng . . 

50 to 74 heed , . .farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head .farms reporting. . 

HflfSeS and, Or mules farms reporting. . 

number . . 

HogS and pigS farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

number,., 
Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.., 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting,., 

number. . , 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. ., 

number. .. 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. ., 

Ewes farms reporting.., 

number, ., 

Rams and wethers farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. . 

dollars... 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. . 

number... 
Hollars... 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting... 

dollars... 
Chickens including hroiler? sold , farms reporting. .. 

dollars... 
Chicken eggs sold forms reporting... 

dollars... 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting... 

number of litters... 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. .. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting... 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting... 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting... 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting... 

70 or more litters farms reporting. .. 

June S to November 30 farms reporting. . . 

number of litters. .. 
December 1 to June 1 rarms reporting. .. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



i based on report* for only a nomple of farms. See text J 
Commercial farms by ten 1 



of nonwhite operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



Other and 
unspecified 

tenants 



116 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21b.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See tejftj 



Commercial farms by 1 



of nonwhite operato: 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . . 

11 to 24- acres farms reporting . . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting... 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting. .. 

bushels . . . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . , 

bushels. ., 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms . reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres... 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting... 



Sales farms reporting — 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting... 

Sales farms reporting . . . 



all 



reporting. 



Other hay cut farms reporting... 

Sales farms reporting. . , 



farms reporting, 
s, green weight. 



Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . . 



Apples 3 farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages number. . . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . . 

Trees of bearing age number . . . 

Quantity harvested bushels. . , 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

*Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with ltss than 20 trees and grapevines. 



DELAWARE 117 

State Table 21b. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



j Data hip titised on report.-- for only a sjmplo ol farms. See tf 



(Ki>f licrinidonv und oxploi 



SPEnFTFO CROPS HXRVKSTED 
Corn for all purposes f oj 



reporting. 



Under 11 i 
11 to 24 i 
25 to 49 i 
50 to 7* i 
75 to 99 i 



farms reporting. 

farms reporting . 

farms reporting. 

farms reporting . 

farms reporting . 

100 or more acres farms reporting. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Barley harvested farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting . 



Lespedesa cut for i 



.farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 



green weight. , 

inns reporting. 

bushels. 



Land in bearing and nanbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



Apples farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age number. 

Trees of bearing age number. 

Quantity harvested bushels. 



Commercial forms by tenure of nonwhite operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Other and 
unspecified 

tenants 



118 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 22.-CASH RENT PAID BY CASH TENANTS AND SHARE-CASH TENANTS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM- 
CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, 9ee text) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



CASH TENANTS 

All cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

Land rented irci others operators- reporti 

Land rented to others Operator- r--[ h irti 



Land in (arms of cash tenants 

Average si ze of farm 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dol I ar; 

Average per acre dollar; 

Proportion of cash tenants 

reporting value percen 

Cropland harvested faints reporti n| 



Cash tenants reporting both value of land and 
buildings and amount of cash rent paid number 

Proportion of ali cash tenants percent 

All land rented from others acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Average per $100 of value of land 
and buildings dollars 



72.5 
12,515 
131.7 



7.10 
2.95 



70.8 

11,365 
151.5 



4.09 
2.09 



SHARE-CASH TENANTS 
All share-cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

Land rented from others operators reporting 

Land rented to others operators reporting 

Land in farms of share-cash tenants acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Proportion of share-cash tenants 

reporting value percent 

Cropland harvested /arms reporting 

Share-cash tenants reporting both value of land and 
buildings and amount of cash tent paid number, 

Proportion of all share-cash tenants percent 

All land rented from others acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Average per $100 of value of land 
and buildings dollars 



58.3 
6,940 
193.3 



58.3 
6,940 
198.3 



State Table 23.-SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED TOTALS FOR COUNTY AND STATE BY NUMBER OF 

FARMS REPORTING, BY LEVELS 



Then the chances are about 2 In 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 



Then the chances are about 2 In 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 



25 

50 

100... 
250... 
500... 
1,000.. 
2,500. 



5,000... 
10,000.. 
25,000.. 
50,000.. 
100,000. 
250,000. 



1 Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reliability of estimated number of farms and farms reporting. The level for all other items should be obtained from State 
Table 24. If the estimated number of farms or farms reporting constitutes more than 75 percent of all farms in the universe, a better approximation to the sampling reliability 
may be obtained by multiplying the percent given In the table as follows : 

1. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 75 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.50. 

2. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 90 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.30. 

3. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 95 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.20. 



DELAWARE 



119 



State Table 24.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY AND STATE TOTALS 

FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS 



[To determine the sarnnling reliability for a 



3 Table 2X T<. use I ite fable ■ 



wary to refer alsn in countj tx Late I kbit 













































Siro-o 


-form group 




op-Tutor Kroun 


Economic-el n-s 


s-of-farm group 


Typcof-fami group 


































c 


„ 






is 


Item 
















sp 












= 






■6 


9 






!l 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 






3 




£ 


» 


i 


5 
1 










- 


1 






1 


1 






jfl 










£ 








i 


1 


3 


5 




1 








1 
















S 




3 


» 


« 


| 


| 


9 


= 


i: 


5" 


1 




8 


s 




fi- 


vtt 
311 






1 


b 


i 
i 


§ 


I 


§ 


2 


I 


S 

3 


C 


1 


1 


a 




a 


i 
6 


f? 


& 


<:■ 


Farms and farm characteristics; 












































Land in fnmis 




1 


1 


i 


1 


1 


i 


i 


2 


2 


1 


2 


l 


2 


i 




2 


3 


1 


2 


1 


Value of land and buildings per farm 


dollars 




2 


i 


2 


1 


2 


2 




1 


2 


1 


2 


3 


i 




2 


4 


2 


2 


1 


Cropland harvested 


acres 


1 


1 


i 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


Total cropland 




1 


1 


i 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 




1 


3 


2 


2 


1 


Total pastureland 




1 


2 


i 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Irrigated land in farms 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Commercial fertilizer: 












































Land on which commercial fertilizer was used 




1 




1 




1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


3 


2 


2 


1 


Farm labor: 












































Regular hired workers employed 150 or more days 




1 




1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 




1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


Specified farm expenditures: 












































Feed for livestock and poultry .......... 


dollars 


3 


.'. 


3 


2 


2 


1 




3 


4 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 




2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


Purchase of livestock and poultjy 


dollars 


3 


3 


2 


3 


4 


2 


3 


4 


4 


2 


3 


3 




2 




4 


3 


2 


2 


4 


Machine hire 




1 


3 


1 




1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Hired labor 


dollars 


2 


4 




2 


2 


1 


3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


4 


4 


3 




2 


2 


2 


4 


2 


Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 


dollars 




3 


4 


4 


3 


1 


4 


2 


2 


3 






2 


4 




2 


4 


2 


2 


2 


Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for (he farm business 


dollars 


2 




1 


1 


1 


1 


3 


2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


3 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Livestock and livestock products' 












































Cattle and calves on hand 


number 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Cows, including heifers that have calved, on hand 




2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


3 




2 


2 


1 


3 


2 


Hogs and pigs on hand 


number 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Sheep and lambs on hand 


number 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand 




4 


4 


3 


2 


2 


2 


4 


4 


2 








4 


3 




2 




2 


4 


3 


Calves sold alive 




3 


2 


1 


3 


1 


1 


3 


2 


1 


3 


1 


2 


2 


2 




2 


3 


2 


3 


3 


Cattle, not counung calves, sold alive 


number 


3 


2 


2 


3 


4 


3 


3 


4 


2 


3 


4 


2 


2 


2 




2 


3 


2 


3 


3 


Hogs and pigs sold alive 


number 


3 


2 


2 


3 


1 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


3 




1 


3 


2 


2 


3 


Sheep and lambs sold alive 






2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Horses sold 




:: 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Broilers sold 


number 


:: 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Other chickens sold 






3 




2 


4 


4 


4 


4 


2 


4 


4 


3 


2 


4 




4 




2 


2 




Chicken eggs sold 


dozens 


4 


3 


4 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


3 


3 


4 


4 


3 


4 




4 


4 


4 


2 


4 


Valueof milk and cream sold 




;• 


2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Specified crops harvested: 
















































i 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


1 




acres... 


i 


1 


1 




1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


1 




bushels. . . 


4 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


A 


2 


4 


2 


2 


3 




2 


4 


2 


2 


1 


Sovb f all uru ses 




2 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Harvested for beans acres 


2 
2 


1 

1 


1 
1 


2 
2 


1 
2 


2 
2 


1 
1 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


1 
1 


1 
2 


2 
2 




2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 




bushels . . . 


2 






1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 




1 


1 


2 


1 


2 




bushels . . . 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


1 




2 


1 


2 


1 


2 






2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




tons . . . 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


3 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
















































1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 




1 


1 


2 


2 


1 




tons... 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


1 






2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 




1 


2 


1 


2 


2 




tons . . . 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
















































2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 






1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 




1 


1 


2 


1 


1 






2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




tons. .. 


4 


2 


4 


1 


4 


4 


2 


3 


4 


4 


4 


1 


2 


4 




4 


4 


3 


4 


4 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
















































2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 






2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 






1 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


4 


2 


3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


2 




3 


3 


3 


2 


3 



Chapter B 
STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



(121) 



122 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitions and explai 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1959 . 

1954. 
Decrease in farms due to change in 

farm definition 1954 to 1959 number. 

Approximate land area acres 1959 . 

Proportion in farms percent 1959 . 

.and in farms acres 1959 . 



Average s 



e of farm. , 



1954 . 
i 1959 . 



dollars 1959 . 

1951,. 
reporting value percent 1959 . 



10 to 19 a 
20 to 29 a 



500 to 999 B 
l.OOOormoi 



acres 1959 . 

. farms reporting 1959 . 
1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

(anus ri'|Kffting !'>'>■' 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 



f:irm~ re)xirling I'l.V.i 

1954. 
. farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
. farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
. farms renorting 1959 

1954 . 
. farms reporting 1959 . 



Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 



Cropland r 



Soil-improvement g 

Of tier cropland (idle and crop failure) 



1954. 

legumes farms reporting 1 959 . 

acres 1959. 

. forms reporting 1959 , 

acres 1959. 



Woodland pastured Tarms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954 .. . 

acres 1959 .. . 

1054 . . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954 . . . 

acres 1959... 

1954 . . . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not weodlnnd). . . farms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954 . . . 

acres 1959... 

Improved pasture (see text) farms reporting 1959. . . 

1954... 

acres 1959 .. . 

1954... 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, eto.) acres 1959. . . 

1954... 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1959 . . . 

19S4... 
Land pastured, total farms reporting 1959 .. . 

1954 . . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting 1959 . . . 

1954... 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1959 . . . 

19S4 . . . 
acres 1959... 

1954 .. . 

Land-use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 1959 . . . 

Cropland us td for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 1959 .. . 

acres 1959... 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting 1959 . . . 

acres 1959... 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 1959 . . 



1,265,920 

60.2 

762,526 

814,316 



31,641 
18,630 
242.70 
152.88 



4,358 

5,512 

416,197 

412,295 



2,030 
2,871 
43,130 
63,860 
1,268 
1,631 
36,767 
38,379 
283 
9,150 
1,061 
27,617 



292 

533 

6,017 

22,884 

3,466 

3,966 

185,414 

192,009 



4,589 
5,832 
2,566 
3,686 
3,595 
4,317 
156 
81 



53 

380,800 

66.2 

251,934 

264,924 

164.3 

136.7 



29,263 
16,333 
195.10 
129.17 



1,368 

1,730 
142,637 
136,418 



1,159 
19,681 
28,201 



114 
179 
2,378 
4,959 
1,080 
1,262 
53,396 
57,222 



279,680 

46.4 

129,650 

168,082 



67,600 
35,540 
396.60 
275.12 



1,448 


681 


2,460 


1,846 


1,054 


2,932 


920 


509 


1,137 


1,340 


789 


1,557 


1,134 


466 


1,995 


1,388 


663 


2,266 


75 


26 


55 


41 


14 


26 


10,529 


i;785 


3,219 


3,394 


868 


1,291 


464 


157 


978 


35,870 


9,400 


67,643 


56 


33 


36 


2,355 

5 


1,565 
18 


2,682 


200 


778 
10 
400 





DELAWARE 



123 



County Table 2.-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



..number 1959. 

195 1 . 

. number 1 959 . 

[954. 

numbef l!t5r< 

1954. 

number [959 

. number 1959 . 
1954 . . 

. number 1950 . 
1954.. 

numli.T 195 I 
1951.. 
.number 1959. , 



■ 1 959 



180 to 219 acres . 



i 1959. 
1954. 

i 1959. 



762,526 
814,316 
2,082 
2,946 
33,433 
43,395 
28,768 
34,( 
48,332 
61,964 
74,396 
90,572 
67,192 
87,281 
67,412 
78,378 
53,825 
60,032 
174,459 
1B0,443 
118,913 
97,507 
93,714 
77,100 
49,436 



14,509 
19,326 
26,156 
30,565 
22,781 
37,146 
26,097 
30,732 
19,616 
18,839 
68,312 
72,515 
43,254 
25,940 
15,712 
8,986 
7,983 



3,905 
6,264 
2,560 
3,477 
4,914 
7,566 
10,742 
16,260 
8,853 
17,614 
15,148 
20,986 
12,117 
17,118 
36,0 
43,485 
25,409 
25,415 
9,679 
9,362 
9,679 



380,942 

381,310 
1,512 
1,682 
21,416 
25,804 
19,167 
22,402 
28,909 
35,072 
37,498 
43,747 
35,558 
32,521 
26,167 
26,660 
22,092 
24,075 
70,050 
64,443 
50,250 
46,152 
68,323 
58,752 
31,774 



f'trr. ,- reporting 1 nr.fl 



4,358 

5,512 

416,197 

412,295 



1,368 

1,730 
142,637 
136,418 



2,371 

2,833 

212,611 

199,884 



. farms reportmr 1959 . 



1,275 
15,301 
20,825 



. farms reporting 1959. 



. farms reporting lil~.lt 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959. 



. farms reporting 1959. 



farms reporting 1959 . 



. farms reporting 1959 



. farms reporting l'tVl 



124 STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 3. -FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitions and explai 



Full owners number 

Part owners number 

Managers number 

All tenants number 

Proportion of tenancy percent 



Cropland harvested: 

All farm operators farms reporting 



Managers farms reporting 



Part owners number 

Managers number 



Proportion of tenancy percent 



Proper! ion of tenancy percent 

Land in farms by color and tenure of operator: 



White farm operators, total. . 



Nonwhite farm operators, tout . 



Cropland harvested by color and tenure of operator : 

White farm operators, total farms reportir 



Nonwhite farm operators, total farms reporting 

Full owners farms reporting 

Part owners farms reporting 

All tenants farms reporting 



5,208 
6,297 
3,197 
4,345 



762,526 
814,316 
318,146 
434,047 
292,734 
211,607 
30,327 
41,863 
121,319 
126,799 

4,358 

5,512 

416,197 

412,295 

2,505 

3,677 

143,658 

196,946 

1,183 

1,043 

184,357 

127,133 

39 

46 



5,011 
6,053 
3,081 
4,186 
1,149 
1,014 
85 
62 



750,659 

800,865 

313,669 

427,336 

287,368 

208,214 

30,101 

41,863 

119,521 

123,452 

11,867 

4,477 

5,366 

226 

1,798 



4,200 

5,295 

409,926 

405,302. 

2,418 

3,539 

146,978 

194,092 

1,136 



251,934 

264,924 

118,633 

.146,091 

86,279 

62,848 

3,421 

1,910 

43,601 

54,075 

1,368 

1,730 

142,637 

136,418 

824 

1,147 

55,360 

66,955 



247,061 

260,115 

116,898 

143,910 

83,666 

61,626 

3,221 

1,910 

43,276 

52,669 

4,873 

1,735 

2,613 

200 

325 



1,315 

1,662 

140,467 

134,158 

786 

1,104 

54,875 

66,078 



129,650 
168,082 
48,795 
83,475 
23,911 
22,964 
15,761 
14,819 
41,183 
46,824 

619 



129,023 
166, 600 
48,609 
82,823 
23,839 
22,887 
15,761 
14,819 
40,814 
46,071 
627 
186 



DELAWARE 



125 



County Table 4. -CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL EARMS, CENSUS OF L959 

j Data are bused on reports for only a sample of farms. Si>.' t ■■ vi 



(For ilpfinitiun.s .111. 1 rxplnridl n>ns, 



3 text) 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number. 

Vvarags size of farm acres. 

Value of land and huildings average per farm, dollars . 

average |*r acre, dollars. 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total numher. 

100 or more days number . 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products -*>ld number. 

By l 



Fullc 



number. 

faniis reporting . 

Corn pickers farms reporting . 

Piek-up balers farms reporting. 

Motortrucks farms reporting, 

number. 
Tractors other than garden farms report] ng . 

Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

I'ome freezer farms reportinc. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Flectric milk cooler. farms reporting. 

Fafms by kind of foad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Farm labof. week preceding enumeration: 

Family and or hired workers farms reporting.. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . , 

Fnpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . 

persons . . 
p egular hired w.irker. (emphiveo ir.n or more days). . farms reporting. 

Livestock and poultry on farms: 

Cattle and calves farms reporting., 

number. . 
Milk cows farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or nules farms reporting . . 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

Chickens, 4 months old and over. farms reporting. . 

Livestock and poultry sold: 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting. . 

Calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms r 



Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting . 

dollars . 
Wool farms reporting . 

Specified farm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars . 

Purchase of livestock and poulu-y dollars . 

Machine hire dollars . 

Hired labor dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees dollars. 



Wheat farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
Soybeans for beans farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Vegetables for sale (other 

than Irish and sweet potatoes) farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 



3,887 
685,302 
176.3 
37,935 
238.64 
3,347 
393,687 

1,280 



1,620 
1,742 
1,787 

807 

820 

2,888 

4,619 

3,175 

7,174 

3,489 

4,553 

3,506 

2,632 

960 

974 



3,521 
3,432 
3,306 



1,979 
55,953 

1,554 

26,684 

898 

2,789 

1,646 
32,845 

2,005 
681,944 

1,059 
7,738 
1,529 
17,654 



3,911 

2,073 

72,991,592 



8,299,620 

1,144 

8,235,922 

85 

24,292 

3,887 
55,229,576 
35,781,600 
8,955,444 
753,966 
5,989,410 



1,046 
24,786 
642,547 

2,332 

125,798 

2,970,297 



1,050 
217,104 
206.8 
37,050 
194.53 
1,009 
134,732 

312 



3,066 

601 

6,430 



6,215 

1,050 

6,802,290 

3,040,543 

779,525 

296,633 

1,635,328 



124,283 
227.6 
78,627 
372.50 



95,997 

308 
2,498 

330 
6,450 

124 

4,845 

16 

2,015 

116 
307,997 



135 

1,042,800 

299 

3,349,521 

12 

11,455 

546 

4,843,037 

1,618,332 

535,924 

151,925 

1,663,931 



2,291 
343,915 
150.1 
30,122 
220.82 
1,829 
197,874 



229 

230 

1,683 

2,692 

1,717 

3,604 

2,138 

2,701 

2,175 

1,550 

247 

262 



2,033 
1,993 

1,917 



19,194 

1,118 

407,217 

323 

2,174 

598 

4,774 

533 

20,535 

42 

1,391 

1,592 

69,073,990 

397 

5,328,650 

291 

1,635,686 

33 

6,622 

2,291 
43,584,249 
31,122,725 
7,639,995 
305,408 
2,690,151 



1,530 

81,828 

1,920,812 



126 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 5.-FARMS REPORTING BY OFF-FARM WORK; AND FARMS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR, TYPE OF FARM, 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, AND VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD, BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Most data for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Fafm operators by age: 

Operators reporting ape number 1 

Under 25 years number 1 

25 to 34 years number I 

35 to 44 years number 1 

45 to 54 years number 1 

55 to 64 years number 1 

65 or more years number 1 

Average age years 1 

Off-farm work and other income: 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms operators reporting 

1CW or more days operators reporting 



Farms by tenure of operator: 
Full owners number 

Part owners number 

Managers number 



All tenants . . . 
Cash tenant; 
Share-cash t 



. number 



s tenants number 

Livestock-share tenants number 

Croppers number 

Other and unspecified tenants number 

Farms by type of farm: 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable and fruit-and-nut . . number 

Cash-grain number 

Tobacco number 

Cotton number 

Other field-crop number 

Vegetable farms number 

Fruit-and-nut farms number 

Poultry farms number 

Dairy farms number 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number 

Livestock ranches number 

General farms number 

Miscellaneous .ind unclassified farms number 



Farms by economic class: 

Commercial farms number 

Class I number 



Class IV . 
Class V . . 
Class VI . 



total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 
; sold dollars 



, other than vegetable; 



5 sold dollars 



All livestock and livestock products sold. 
Poultry and poultry products sold .... 
Dairy products sold 



1,077 
1,276 
1,169 



2,213 
2,438 
1,647 
1,805 



85,961,790 
81,564,849 
16,522 
12,965 
26,791,264 
22,999,077 



4,572,087 

5,478,374 

655,557 

996,926 

3,478,451 
3,008,812 
59,170,526 
58,565,772 
47,012,415 
43,571,789 
8,301,057 
6,965,369 



17,242,474 
14,900,173 
11,924 
7,855 
9,494,243 
7,416,300 



1,899,292 

1,813,651 

381,139 

492,470 



3,805,016 
3,296,600 
2,813,218 



10,236,942 
8,765,745 
14,004 
7,744 
5,020,504 
3,645,934 



540,149 
453,162 
36,362 
31,112 

1,842,055 
1,191,481 
5,216,438 
5,119,811 
947,636 
1,193,660 
3,356,021 
3,081,584 



DELAWARE 



127 



County Table 6.-EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES ON FARMS AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[All data except residence of operator are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Automobiles farms reporting 

number 

Telephone farms reporting 

Home freezer farms reporting 

Milking machine farms reporting 

ic milk cooler farms reporting 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting 

'-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 
inea farms reporting 



Com pickers farms reporting 

Pick-up balers farms reporting 

i forage harvesters farms reporting 

Motortrucks farms reporting 

number 
Tractors farms reporting 

:tors other than garden farms reporting 



. farms reporting 
number 

. farms reporting 
number 

. farms reporting 



Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting 

1 to 4 miles farms reporting 

5 or more miles farms reporting 

DATE OF ENUMERATION 

Approximate average date of enumeration 1959. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 1 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

persons 1959 . 

1954. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons 1959 . 

1954. 



) 14 I 



Regulai 



s (employed 150 c 



15 or more hours persons lfir.'i 

'npaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting 1959 . 

persons 1959. 

Hired workers farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

persons 1959 . 

1954. 

ays) . . . farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

persons 1959 . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting 1959 . 

2 or more hired workers farms reporting 1959 . 

FARM OPERATOR RESIDENCE 
Residing on farm operated operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
Not residing on farm operated operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 



1,603 
1,903 
1,671 
1,898 
1,784 
2,006 
L, 858 



3,523 
3,786 
5,309 
5,191 

4,218 
4,828 
9,442 
8,904 
4,041 
8,259 
1,829 
2,212 
4,016 
4,530 
8,122 



1,098 
1,042 
1,183 
1,078 

4,630 
5,198 
5,995 
7,055 

4,572 
5,300 
3,353 
3,279 



4,372 
5,385 
6,589 
7,943 
4,186 
5,301 
935 
3,251 



1,076 
1,921 
2,633 
5,773 
752 
1,030 
1,708 
2,810 



1,065 
1,267 
1,409 

1,240 
1,496 
2,903 
2,855 
1,205 
2,546 
492 
713 
1,200 
1,410 
2,501 
2,482 



1,193 
1,417 
1,545 
1,695 



1,217 
1,631 
1,981 
2,558 
1,172 
1,613 
286 



2,063 
1,925 
3,112 
2,722 
2,354 
2,341 
4,678 
3,912 
2,212 
4,224 
1,155 
1,057 
2,197 
2,204 
4,150 
3,446 



2,803 
2,807 
3,506 
3,796 
2,810 
2,822 
1,965 
1,693 



2,503 
2,744 
3,634 



'For 1954, data relate to week of October 24-30. 



128 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7.-USE OF FERTILIZER AND LIME ON FARMS AND FARM EXPENDITURES: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



2 based on reports for onl y a 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Dry materials 
Liquid materials. . 



rials Jarms reporting 

s reporting 
Other pasture (not cropland) 



Dry materials 

Liquid materials. . 



Dry materials 
Liquid materials. . 
Irish potatoes . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials. . 
All other crops 



Dryn 






Liquid materials. 
Lime or liming materials 



eporting 



s reporting 

- r.'i'irtuiL' 

* retorting 

? reporting 
5 reporting 
s reporting 

s reporting 

- ri-jnjrtini' 

- ri'portiriL' 

s reporting 
s reporting 
s reporting 

* re|orting 
s reporting 
s ri'iortim' 
icros limed 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting 

dollars 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting 

dollars 

Machine hire farms reporting 

dollars 

Under S200 farms reporting 

S200 to $999 farms reporting 

$1,000 or more farms reporting 

Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars 

Under $1 ,000 farms reporting 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting 

52,500 or more farms reporting 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 or more farms reporting 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms reporting 

dollars 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting 



.lolla. 



3,713 

4, 884 

331,251 

315,907 

74,036 

75,144 

3,697 

70,500 

183 

3,536 



1,227 
31,587 
30,955 



10 

25 

3,195 

4,278 

134,779 

148,519 

3,139 

25,787 

173 

1,595 

897 

1,228 

21,662 

29,645 



2,191 
131,089 
2,185 
27,292 
23 
1,905 
1,666 
1,505 
69,171 
48,761 
64,571 
38,894 



5,178 

4,108 

4,898 

36,052,985 

40,655,476 

3,054 

9,016,074 

2,689 

3,470 

870,086 

829,882 

1,400 

1,174 

115 

2,617 
3,523 

6,028,150 

7,773,113 

1,715 

2,327 

398 

631 



5,098 

4,885 

2,442,117 

2,559,474 



1,167 

1,591 

113,319 

107,785 

27,147 

29,539 

1,162 

24,585 

95 

2,562 



1,010 
1,406 
41,161 
43,938 



21,982 
15,262 
23,443 
13,598 



1,436 

1,096 

1,466 

3,139,533 

3,675,085 

652 

792,100 



1,171 
325,023 
263,015 



1,396 

1,446 

724,344 

753,215 



56,864 
62,087 
13,389 
13,133 



12,102 

301 

2,446 



11,825 
9,470 

12,587 
8,813 



NA Not available. 



DELAWARE 



129 



County Table 8.-LIVEST0CK AND POULTRY ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



(For definitions and cxplai 



a text) 



Cattle and Calves . farms reporting 

COWS, im- 1 iii I mi' heifers I hat have calved farms repotting 

Milk rows farms reporting 

number 
Heifers ami heifer ealves farms reporting 



number 1959. 
1954. 
Forms reporting Ivy number on band: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 farms re rorli ng 1 959 . 

2 to 4 farms reporting 1959 

5 to 9 farms reporting 1 

10 to 19 farms reporting 1 

20 U) 49 farnis reporting 1959 . 

SO to 99 farms reporting 1 

100 or more farms reporting 1 

Cows, including heifers [hit have calved- 

1 farms reporting 1 

2 to 9 farms reportinc 1 

10 to 19 farms reporting 1 

20 to 29 farms reporting 1 

110 to 49 farms reporting 1 

50 to 74 farms reporting 1959 . 

75 to 99 farms reporting 1 

100 or more farms reporting 1 

Milk cows- 

1 forms reporting 1 

2to9 farms reporting 1 

10 to 19 farms reporting 1 

20 to 29 farms reportinc 1 

30 to 49 farms reporting 1 

50 or more farms reportinc 1 

Horses and or mules farms reportinc 1 

number 1959. 

logs and pigs farms reporting 1959. 

1954 . 

number 1959. 

1954. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

1954. 
Born before June 1 farnis reporting 1 95D 



1954. 

mber 1959 



Farms reporting by number of hogs and pies- 

IJnder 10 farms reporting 

10 to 24 farms reporting 

25 to 99 farms reporting 

100 or more farms reporting 

Sheep and Iambs farms reporting 

amhs under 1 year old farms reporting 

iheep 1 year old and over farms reporting 

Ewes farms reporting 

number 
Horns and wethers farms reporting 



2,299 
3,516 
49,896 
66,003 
1,980 
3,185 

36,680 
1,727 
2,822 
23,500 
31,014 
1,648 
2,469 
16,120 
20,407 
1,349 



196 
61 
1,134 
1,971 
3,093 
4,004 
2,182 
3,108 
38,085 
41,136 
1,397 
1,728 
24,892 
24,728 
1,627 
2,3% 
13,193 
16,408 

1,350 



1,320 
20,324 
26,309 
789 
1,200 
11,497 
15,362 
721 
1,087 
10,753 
13,262 
739 
1,051 
6,695 
8,195 



1,441 
12,789 
16,859 
7% 
1,316 
6,884 
8,742 
654 
1,130 
4,633 
6,427 



525 

946 

1,203 

1,541 

1,257 

1,755 

22,165 

24,665 

772 

981 



1,326 
6,737 
8,830 



"arms reporting by number of sheep and lambs- 

Under 25 farms reporting 

25 to 299 farms reporting 

300 or more farms reporting 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 



Farms reporting by number of chickens 4 months old and over- 

Under 50 farms roportin 

50 to 399 farms reportin 

400 to 799 farms reportin 

fiOO to 1.599 farms reportin 

1,60010 3.199 farms reportin 

3,200 or more farms reportin 

Turkey bens kept for breeding farms reportin 



2,701 

3,837 

725,705 

711,803 



1,226 
127,644 

155,474 



1,486 

1,861 

485,560 

396,626 



130 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 9.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SOLD FROM FARMS AND LITTERS FARROWED: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Most data for 1959 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



value of sales, dollars ] 

Poultry and poultry products farms reporting 1 

value of sales, dollars I 

of sales, dollars 1959 . 
1954. 

LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 

Cattle and/or calves sold alive farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

number 1959. 

1954. 

dollars 1959. 

1954. 



Cattle, 



t counting calves farms reporting 1 



Farms reporting by number of cattle sold— 



1954 . 

3 reporting 1959 . 
3 reporting 1959. 
3 reporting 1 
3 reporting 1959. 
3 reporting 1959. 
1954- 
number 1959 . 



Horses and/or mules sold alive farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

number 1959. 



Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 1959. 



dollars 1959. 
. farms reporting 1959. 

dollars 1959 . 



Sheep and lambs sold aliv 



1954. 
SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 

Sheep and/or lambs shorn farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
number shorn 1959. 

pounds of wool 1959. 

Lambs shorn farms reporting 1959 . 

number shorn 1959. 
pounds of wool 1959 . 

Other sheep shorn farms reporting 1959 . 

number shom 1959 . 
pounds of wool 1959 . 

LITTERS FARROWED 



2,636 
3,212 

3,845,8 
3,017,988 
2,627 
3,366 
47,012,415 
48,571,789 



2,013 
2,503 
26,337 

29,116 
2,253,651 

1,665,300 



10,172 
1,586,699 
1,249,417 



107 

2 

1,769 

2,242 

18,299 

18,944 

666,952 

415,883 



87 



213 



109,880 
25,701 
1,295 
1,623 
43,328 
41,093 
1,429,824 
1,289,731 



4,371 
2,565 
52,452 
37,256 



3,867 
3,222 
24,994 
21,252 



741 

1,059 

9,771 

11,759 

945,727 

580,632 

463 

622 

3,161 

3,673 

743,877 

405,167 



16,098 

9,961 

531, 234 

258,065 



1,094 
1,188 
7,083 
8,829 



9,313 

10,228 
698,161 
663,950 



2,668 

3,839 

451,654 

550,961 



6,645 

6,389 

246,507 

112,989 



5,085 
5,753 

167,805 
163,557 



20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters 

June 2 to November 30 . 



. . farms reporting 1959 . 

. . farms reporting 1959 . 

. . farms reporting 

. . farms reporting 1959 . 

. . farms reporting 1 

. . farms reporting 1959 . 

. . farms reporting 1959 . 
1954. 

number of Utters lfri'.l 



1,245 

6,258 
8,204 



December 1 to June 1 farms reporting 1959 . 

number of litters 



DELAWARE 



131 



County Table 10.-DAIRY PRODUCTS AND POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD FROM FARMS: 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Dnlu for ilmry products sold for 1959 tire based on reports for only u sample of farms. See text] 



(Fof definitions and explanations, see text) 
DAIRY PRODUCTS 
Any milk or Cream Sold farms reportm 

Avenge sales per farm reporting dollar 

Milk sold as whole milk farms reporting 1 

pounds 1 

Cream sold farms reporting 1 

pounds of butterfal 1 



1,189 

1,475 

8,301,057 

6,965,369 

6,982 

1,18.4 

1,450 

178,888,588 

167,480,263 



3,296,600 

2,813,218 

5,743 



3,356,021 

3,081,584 

10,861 



1,648,436 

1,070,567 

5,387 



POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS 

Poultry and poultry products Sold farms reportm 

dolls 
Chickens sold farms reporting 1 

Broilers sold farms reporting ] 

number 1 
Other chickens sold farms reporting 1 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 1 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, oilier miscellaneous 
poultry, and their eggs sold farms reporting 1 

dollar 

Turkeys and turkey fryers raised farms reportm 

number 1 

Farms reporting by number of turkeys and turkey fryers raised- 

Under 50 farms reporting 1 

50 to 399 farms reportm 

400 or more farms reporting ! 



2,627 
3,366 

47,012,415 

48,571,789 

2,230 

2,513 

71,880,913 

62,204,345 

1,483 

1,479 

71,214,647 

61,590,692 

831 

1,185 

666,266 

613,653 

1,047 

1,531 

7,345,207 

5,857,007 

303 



1,838 

2,049 

43,179,901 

43,573,113 

1,673 

1,763 

67,923,549 

58,131,912 

1,377 

1,299 

67,393,547 

57,716,993 

370 

592 



132 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



Part 1 of 5 



County Table li. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



for all purposes farms 



Harvested for grain. 



eportlng 1959., 

1954. , 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. , 

acres 1959., 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 
acres 1959. 

1954. 
ns, green Height 1959. 

1954. 



)gged or grazed, or cut for 

rreen or dry fodder farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 
acres 1959. 

1954. 

Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting 1959. 

11 to 19 acres farms reporting 1959. 

20 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting 1959. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting 1959. 

100 or more acres... farms reporting 1959. 



3,694 

4,934 

147,737 

169,362 

3,659 

4,893 

141,261 

161,682 

7,C38,193 

5,957,323 

2,849 

3,185 

5,059,486 

3,538,784 



5,954 
6,348 
59,912 

53,704 



1,137 
1,551 
43,911 
50,217 

1,119 

1,538 

40,653 

46,992 

2,076,159 

1,673,856 

817 



3,100 
2,939 
30,122 
26,273 



19,491 

25,744 

1,112,864 

1,081,181 



1,901 
2,570 
21,440 
20,477 



Small grains harvested: 

Wheat farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Sales bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Farms reporting by acres harvested: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting 1959. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting 1959. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1959. 

100 or more acres farms reporting 1959. 

Oats farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Sales bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Barley farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Sales bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Rye farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 

Sales bushels 1959. 

1954. 



Buckwheat farms : 



sporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 



1,002 
1,394 
23,958 
32,904 
617,917 
809,946 
571,256 
720,619 



6,090 

9,905 

204,217 

371,586 



762 
890 
12,732 
12,062 
498,442 
368,994 
287,181 
113,8 



1,033 
10, 592 
13,676 
203,219 
248,660 
124,837 
164,980 

21 



447 
602 
10,474 
14,204 
254,907 
328,670 
234,356 
285,914 



321 

480 

3,740 

5,194 

122,641 

192,037 

13,962 

26,709 

289 

345 
4,798 
3,822 
184,232 
103,494 
105,625 
20,475 

361 
392 
4,351 
4,607 
81,404 
75,749 
50,112 
42,235 



291 
404 
8,762 
12,103 
250,453 
337,060 
230,236 
308,495 



124 
247 
1,405 
2,987 
52,893 
120,990 
8,122 
13,307 

192 

294 

3,346 

4,287 

150,578 

166,305 

73,373 

46,819 

50 



13,824 
12,383 
8,214 
6,125 



.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. , 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

bushels 1959. 

1954. 



Stub Items continued 



DELAWARE 



133 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 















Part 2 of 5 




Ilrw 


The State 


Kent 


Hew Castle 


Sussex 


1 


Annual legumes: 

Soybeans grown for all 


.farms reporting 1959. . . 


3,093 


959 


190 


1,944 


2 




1954... 


3,106 


1,010 


240 


1,856 


3 




acreB 1959... 


144,184 


45,869 


6,741 


91,574 


4 




1954... 


86,365 


24,705 


3,393 


58,267 


5 




.farms reporting 1959... 


2,960 


902 


138 


1,920 


6 




1954... 


2,771 


895 


111 


1,765 


7 




acres 1959... 


140,643 


44,292 


5,972 


90,379 


8 




1954... 


80,801 


22,734 


1,831 


56,236 


9 




bushels 1959... 


3,246,234 


1,016,685 


145,443 


2,084,106 


10 




1954... 


1,484,697 


410,663 


32,274 


1,041,760 


u 




.farms reporting 1959... 


282 


139 


53 


90 
209 


12 




1954... 


594 


251 


134 


13 




acres 1959... 


2,299 


1,160 


495 


644 


14 




1954. . . 


4,526 


1,730 


1,270 


1,526 


15 




tons 1959... 


4,363 


1,977 


1,191 


1,195 


li 




1954... 


5,681 


1,943 


1,789 


1,949 


17 


Hogged or grazed, or cut 


. farms reporting 1959 . 


33 


15 


9 


9 


u 




1954. . . 


44 


9 


18 


17 


19 




acres 1959... 


464 


227 


137 


100 


20 




1954... 


383 


41 


144 


198 


21 


Plowed under for green 


.farms reporting 1959. . . 


49 


17 


9 


23 


22 




1954. . . 


67 


21 


15 


31 


23 




acres 1959... 


778 


190 


137 


451 


24 


Farms classified by ac 


1954. . . 
res barveBted for beans: 


655 


200 


148 


307 


2' 




.farms reporting 1959... 


412 


151 


22 


239 


26 


10 to 24 acres 


.farms reporting 1959... 


854 


247 


44 


563 


27 




.farms reporting 1959... 


788 


212 


33 


543 


28 


50 to 99 acres 


.farms reporting 1959... 


583 


181 


29 


373 


29 


100 or more acres. 


.farms reporting 1959... 


323 


111 


10 


202 



134 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 11. 



-FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Part 3 of 5 












It™> 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 




(For definitions an.l e\|>lanniions. w U'xt) 












Hay crops: 


40,186 


17,136 
23,214 


14,041 


9,009 


2 


1954... 


55,199 


18,450 


13,535 


J 


Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 












hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 1959 — 


315 


92 


157 


66 




1954. . . 


548 


169 


244 


135 


5 


acres 1959... 


4,595 


1,012 


2,756 


827 




1954... 


5,962 


1,174 


3,680 


1,108 


7 


tons 1959... 


13,435 


3,168 


7,847 


2,420 


a 


1954. . . 


11,382 


2,210 


7,106 


2,066 


9 




35 


7 


23 


5 


10 


1954. . . 


31 


5 


18 


8 


11 


tons 1959... 


909 


101 


530 


278 


L2 


1954. . . 


533 


74 


351 


108 


13 


Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 












and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 1959 — 


1,032 


381 


339 


312 


14 


1954... 


1,426 


464 


506 


456 


15 


acres 1959... 


19,239 


6,738 


8,600 


3,901 


16 


1954. . . 


24,012 


7,486 


11,862 


4,664 


17 


tons 1959... 


31,593 


10,448 


14,301 


6,844 


18 


1954... 


31,892 


9,662 


16,012 


6,218 


V 




117 


31 


54 


32 


20 


1954. . . 


103 


24 


51 


28 


21 


tons 1959... 


3,349 


762 


1,730 


857 


22 


1954... 
Farms reporting by acres cut for hay: 


2,363 


665 


1,465 


233 


23 




348 


112 


63 


173 


24 




413 


180 


132 


101 


25 




202 


72 


104 


26 


26 




62 


16 


36 


10 


27 


100 or more acres farms reporting 1959... 


7 


1 


4 


2 


28 




743 


454 


44 


245 


29 


1954. . . 


1,288 


760 


51 


477 


30 


acres 1959... 


10,807 


7,534 


749 


■ 2,524 


31 


1954. . . 


13,508 


12,817 


899 


4,792 


32 


tons 1959... 


15,721 


10,900 


1,063 


3,758 


33 


1954. . . 


22,143 


14,644 


1,096 


6,403 


v. 




39 


20 




19 


35 


1954... 


72 


35 


1 


36 


if, 


tons 1959... 


750 


502 




248 


37 


1954... 


849 


437 


9 


403 


38 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 












small grains cut for hay. .. .farms reporting 1959... 


105 


38 


18 


49 


39 


1954... 


237 


72 


39 


126 


40 


acres 1959... 


994 


309 


258 


427 


41 


1954. . . 


2,088 


616 


427 


1,045 


42 


tons 1959... 


1,393 


439 


327 


627 


43 


1954... 


2,537 


686 


456 


1,395 


44 




7 


1 


1 


5 


45 


1954. . . 


13 




2 


11 


46 


tons 1959... 


91 


1 


9 


81 


47 


1954. . . 


133 




19 


114 


48 




233 


68 


69 


% 


49 


1954. . . 


225 


78 


44 


103 


50 


acres 1959... 


2,597 


746 


936 


915 


51 


1954. . . 


2,813 


694 


877 


1,242 


52 


tans 1959... 


3;700 


1,136 


1,265 


1,299 


53 


1954. . . 


3,016 


708 


629 


1,679 


54 




18 
15 


2 
4 


12 
3 


4 


55 


1954... 


8 


56 


tons 1959... 


335 


7 


237 


91 


57 


1954... 


154 


55 


49 


50 


58 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa. 












clover, or small grains farms reporting 1959... 


119 


67 


28 


24 


59 


1954. . . 


106 


27 


46 


33 


60 


acres 1959... 


1,954 


797 


742 


415 


61 


1954... 


1,816 


427 


705 


684 


62 


tons, green weight 1959... 


12,071 


5,225 


4,491 


2,355 


63 


1954. . . 


9,552 


1,711 


4,480 


3,361 


64 




98 
128 


35 
61 


13 
' 5 


50 


65 


1954. . . 


62 


66 


acres 1959... 


1,270 


469 


179 


622 


67 


1954. . . 


1,451 


704 


56 


691 


68 


bushels 1959... 


1,791 


499 


134 


1,158 


69 


1954... 


1,684 


653 


35 


996 


70 




158 


119 


8 


31 


71 


1954. . . 


249 


165 


6 


78 


72 


acres 1959... 


1,947 


1,475 


200 


272 


73 


1954. . . 


3,159 


2,121 


142 


896 


74 


pounds 1959... 


389,762 


290,797 


29,300 


69,665 


75 


1954. . . 


716,666 


535,095 


25,200 


156,371 



Stub items continued 



DELAWARE 



135 



County Table 1 1. 



-FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CHOI'S HARVESTED: 
CENSUSESOF 1 1)5I> AND 1954 



Part 4 of 5 



Other field crops harvested: 

Irish potatoes for home 



1954 1 . 

bushels 1959.. 

1954.. 



farms reporting 1959.. 

1954.. 

acres 1959 1 . 

1954 1 . 

bushels 1959.. 

1954.. 

Vegetables tor home use and for sale 

{other than Irish and sweet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for 

home use farms reporting 1959.. 

1954.. 
Vegetables harvested 

for sale farms reporting 1959. . 

1954. . 

acres 1959.. 

1954. . 

Sales dollars 1959.. 

1954.. 

Farms reporting by value of sales: 

Under $100 farms reporting 1959.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting 1959.. 

$200 to ?499 farms reporting 1959.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting 1959.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting 1959.. 

Tomatoes farms reporting 1959. . 

1954. . 

acres 1959.. 

1954.. 



Sweet < 



Cucumbers and pickles. 



.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 

Watermelons farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Sweet peppers farms reporting 1959. 

1954 2 

acres 1959. 

1954 2 



.farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 



Green peas farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Green lima beans farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Beets (table) farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

Spinach farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



694 

1,585 

8,056 

6,123 

2,686,583 

1,377,635 



1,446 

42,135 

40,033 

4,572,087 

5,478,374 



5,862 

4,992 

1,947,491 

1,174,881 



14,658 

12,729 

1,899,292 

1,813,651 



4,356 
540,149 
453,162 



23,197 

22,948 

2,132,646 

3,211,561 



100 • 
1,250 



include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



Sweet peppers and pimientos . 



Stub items continued 



136 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



Part 5 of 5 



County Table 11. -FARMS REPORTING ACREAGE AND QUANTITY OF CROPS HARVESTED: 
CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 

Strawberries farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 



Blueberries (t 



e) farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

quarts 1959. 

1954. 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 1 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees farms reporting 1959. 

1954. , 

acres 1959. 

1954., 

Apples farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

Trees of all ages 1959. 

1954. , 

Trees not of bearing age 1959., 

1954. , 

Trees of bearing age 1959. 

1954. . 

Quantity harvested bushels 1959. . 

1954., 

Peaches farms reporting 1959. . 

1954., 

Trees of all ages 1959. , 

1954. , 

Trees not of bearing age 1959., 

1954. , 

Trees of bearing age 1959., 

1954., 

Quantity harvested bushels 1959. . 

1954., 

Grapes farms reporting 1959. . 

1954., 

Vines of all ages 1959. , 

1954.. 

Vines not of bearing age 1959.. 

1954.. 

Vines of bearing age 1959., 

1954. . 

Quantity harvested pounds 1959. . 

1954. . 



95 
157 
60,686 
52,818 
L3,764 
9,922 
41,922 
42,896 
255,382 
320,195 

57 
109 
24,939 
35,258 
8,233 
3,852 
16,706 
31,406 
45,490 
96,439 

57 



741 
11,807 
26,678 
28,279 
187,933 
219,096 



30 

47 

20,090 

22,085 

3,843 

2,879 

16,247 

19,206 

195,308 

164,512 

20 
39 
9,445 
15,369 
1,069 
744 
8,376 
14,625 
16,068 
54,908 



7,867 
16,667 
14,318 



710 
3,600 
3,030 
3,538 
6,744 
9,879 

23 

41 

3,603 

1,180 

2,618 



3,817 
7,972 
5,422 
64,172 
58,964 



19 
30 
36,856 
23,595 
14,211 
3,443 
22,645 
20,152 
53,330 
145,804 

14 
29 
11,891 
18,709 
4,546 
2,810 
7,345 
15,899 
25,991 
40,129 



2,039 
8,539 
8,321 
57,880 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 12.-NURSERY AND GREENHOUSE PRODUCTS AND FOREST PRODUCTS CUTON FARMS 

CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



137 



Nursery and greenhouse produ< 



ind vegetable 

I farms rop..r1inj.' 



sof S2,000o 



. . farms reporting 
i used for growing 



ants farms reporting 

Grown under glass farms reporting 

square feet 

Grown in the open farms reporting 

acres used for growing 
Sales dol lars 



Grown under glass or in house farms reporting 

square feel 

Grown in the open farms reporting 

acres used for growing 
Sales dollars 



Any (west products cut and/or sold farms reporti 



Sales of standing timber farms reporting 

dollars 
Sales of all other forest products farms reporting 



Sales of other mycelial 



Firewood and fuelwood c 






. farms reporting 
dollars 



farms reporting 

cords (4* x 4' x 8') 
Sales farms reporting 



3 (4' 



Pulpwood s 



.... farms reporti ng 
oords (4* x 4' x 8") 



Fence posts cut farms reporting 



farms reporting' 

thousands of board f*-*>t 



Christinas trees sold farms reportin 

numb 
Maple sirup made farms reportin 



HA Not available. 
Z Reported in small fractions. 
Excludes farms reporting only sales of maple sirup. 
2 Includes sales of standing timber. 



1,866 
1,789,361 

1,917,175 



(Z) 
768,202 
503,500 



APPENDIX 

The Questionnaire 
Index to tables 

(139) 



140 



THE QUESTIONNAIRE 



authorized by Act or Congress. United Stiles Code. Title 13, Sections 5, 9, 142, 221-4, requiring that the inquiries be answered completely and accurately. 
■"-- furnished be accorded confidential * 



DELAWARE, 
MARYLAND, 
WEST VIRGINIA 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE— Bl 



* 1 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE « QCQ 
M X QUESTIONNAIRE: * **° ** 



-PERSON NOW IN CHARGE 



Alls this questionnaire for the | 



; (person in charge)? 



H.—OWNERSHIP 



woodland, and wasteland. 



t rent from others? Include acr 
(// •'None," mark X and skip 
address of each landlord and t 



i. I'd.-. I ..Hire .ui.i Stat. 'I 



LAND M 
[5 J Ho 



»AGED FOR OTHERS: 



ent under the Soil 

9 do you rent to others? 
{If -Non, 



eparate fields and hay land 
t Include land leased 




. This is all the land operated by you e 

The remaining questions of this report refer to the total a 

LOCATION OF LAND: 

8. Is any of tlus liuiii locuhit iii another county? No □ 

(// -No," mark X and skip to question [9].) 

(b) Give names of other counties and acres located in each: 



III.— CROPS HARVESTED THIS YEAR, 1959 



- work land for olhen 



[9] Was any corn harvested for any 

purpose this gear? No D Yes Q 

(// "No," mark X and skip to question [13].) 
(Answer these questions, if "Yea.")* 



10. Corn for all purposes? 

(Do not include sweet corn or popcorn.) 

(a) Corn for grain? 

(70 lb of ears, 2 bu banket* of ears, or .56 lb of shelled = I bu. 
A barrel of ears is usually 5 bu. of shelled corn.) 

(b) Corn for silage? 



of this 

or will t> 
sold? 



purpose this year? No Q Yes Q 

(// "No," mark X and skip to question [21].) 



14. Soybeans for all purposes? 

(a) Soybeans for beans? 

(b) Soybeans for hay? 

(e) Soybeans hogged or grazed, or cut for silage? ... 
(d) Soybeans plowed under for green manure, not grazed < 



(1) 

How many 


(2) 
How much 

will be 


grown? 




isr — " — - 


* 








■k 




■k 









SMALL GRAIIs 



[21] Wheat? 

Oats for grain 
Barley? . . . 



Rye? 



Buckwheat? . 
Other grains? 



1 if taken from 



«*».„■■*..••,_► 



43. Lespedeza for hay? . 

(Include sericea.) 
45. Oats, wheal, barley, i 



weetclover, wild grasses.) 



CLOVER SEED, LESPEDEZA SEED, AND OTHER FIELD SEEDS: 

49. Were any clover seed, lespedeza seed, or 

other field seeds harvested thiM year? No □ Yes □ 

(// "No" mark X and skip to question [79].) 
(Answer these questions, if "Yea.")^^ 



61. Red clover seed? 
52. Lespedeza seed? , 



POTATOES AND TOBACCO 



[79] Irish potatoes for home use or for sale? . 
(If less than 20 bushels or 10 hundredweight 

80. Sweelpotatoes for home use or for sal 
(If less than 20 bushels were 
harvested, do not report acres.) 

81. Tobacco (1959 crop)? 



harvested 
harvested? 



U. 



DELAWARE 



141 



FOR HOME USE AND FOR SALE: 

v vegetables, sweet torn, or melons, 



egetsbles. 
ir for sale f 

{IS -No-. 



No □ Yes □ 



. ol the (ollowir 






107. Tomatoes? 

108. Sweet corn? 

109. Cucumbers and pickles? 

110. Snap beans (bush and pole type: 

111. Watermelons? 

112. Cabbage? 

113. Sweet peppers? 

117. Cantaloups and muskmelons? 

119. Green peas? 

120. Green lima beans? 

124. Asparagus? 

130. Spinach? 

141. Other? (See list below.) . . 



NURSERY AND r. |( 1 KN 1 1. H SI : PRODUCTS, FLOWER AND VEGETABLE HEEDS AND 

No Q Yea D 



'LANTS, AND BULBS; 

[1981 Wen *ny nursery or greenhouse products, flower or 
vegetable seeds or plants, flowers, or bulbs grown for sale f/tii year? 
(// -No,- mark X and skip to qutttion [202].) 



Nursery products (trees, shl 
Cut flowers, potted 



bedding plants for sale? 



201. Vegetable: 
nder glass, flow* 






(b) Under glass? 



What will be 
the value of 
•ales in 1959? 



E 



OTHER CROPS: 



egetables sold this year? 



; of Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes.) 



BERRIES AND OTHER SMALL FRUITS: 

[143] Were anv berriei 
fruits harvested thin year 

US "No,' 



Were any o( 
the following 



144. Strawberries? 

145. Raspberries? 



TREE FRUITS, NUTS, AND GRAPES: 



vineyards, and planted nut trees? 



154. Apples? 

155. Peaches? . . 
158. Pears? ... 
161. Grapes? .... 
165. Plume and prune 

169. Sour cherries? . . 

170. Sweet cherries? . 
Other 

Quinces? P 
English \ 



[202] Are there anv other crops thai were or will be harvested thig year 
this place * Root and grain crops hogged or grazed? Popcorn? Sorghums? 



Wormseed oil? 



Section IV.— LAND USE THIS YEAR, 



iw many acres of land were 'n fields and tracts from which 

> harvested (including hay cut) fftis year?. None Q 

(This area may be obtained by adding the acres in the fields 






I and bearing planted 



THIS SHADED SECTION IS TO BE FILLED BY CENSUS ENUMERATOR 



acres of land were two crops 
■ for (6) from (a) and enter 



s of cropland were used only 
e (or grazing) 

207. How many acres of cropland were used only for 
oil-Improvement grasses and legumes not harvested and 
ot pastured //lie year? None Q 



; cropland and cropland on which all crops f 



None D 
None D 



OTHER LANE 



in other pasture? None Q 

■e and not woodland pasture.) 
mark X and skip to question [212].) 



(a) Of this other pasture, how many acres do you 

i be improved pasture? None Q I 

(Improved by liming, fertilizing, seeding, 

irrigating, draining, and controlling weeds and brush ) 

_ low many acres were in house lots, barn lots, 
lanes, roads, ditches, and wasteland? 



i 204. 205. 207. 208. 209. 210. 



-IRRIGATION 



naBsl 



JtfcJ 



142 



THE QUESTIONNAIRE 



Section VI.— RACE, ACE, RESIDENCE, OFF FARM WORK, AND OTHER INCOME 



219. How 

220. Do j 

221. Whe 



December 31, 1SS9. 

(Mark one.) 



l began to operate 



E work at n nonfarm job, I 
i off your farm between i 



224. 



)ividcnds? Profits from nonfi 

amily? 

(If ••None" f, 

224, skip to q 

225. Will the in 

agricultural prodir 



u anv income this year from anv of the following sources: Sale of 
and rented out".' Cash rent' 1 Boarders' Social Security? Old-age 
sions ,> Veterans' allowances? Unemployment r<,rl 1 ^>e^s ; ,t.on , Interest? 
ess? Financial help from members of your 



:..,,. 222, 
, [226] ) 



"No" for both quet 



<u and v.. 

i ,..,,- 223 

sold from 



our place this year? No Q Yes Q 



Sectii 



VII.— FOREST PRODUCTS THIS YEAR, 1959 



(Include standini 
much was or will be i 
and piling, bark, bolts, 



udes 



■old Q $- 
old a $- 



, Chri 






for home 
t for sale— 



{Answer these questions, if "Yes: 

(Do not report below any products ; 
the stump Products sold on the stu 
should be included in question 226.) 

228. Firewood and fuetwood? 

229. Pulpwood? 

230. Fence postta? 

231. Sawlogs and veneer logs? 

232. Christmas trees? 



id) maple 



this [ 



(//"AW," markX 
■ buckets were hnriR this year? 



Include all poultry and >■. 






POULTRY: 

[236] Are there anv chickens, turkeys, or other poultry on t 

237. If "No," were there any on this place any time thia ye. 

(// "No" for both questions 236 and 237, mar 

238. How many chickens (hens, pullets 



. No D Ye 
. No D Ye 
I [246] ) 






spla. 



h, pullets, cockerels, 



bought, and t 

243. How many turkey hens n 
keeping fur breeding next year? 

244. How many ducks, geese, 
and other poultry (not counting 

ere sold this year? 

245. How 



;ed from poults hatched, poults 



D Number . 
n Dozens _ 
□ Number . 



' None a nam 

as or will be received thia 
f turkeys, ducks, geese, and 



SHEEP AND LAMBS: 

[246] How many ewes, rams, welhers, 
smbs of all ages arc Oil this place? . , . . 



I (a) Lambs under 1 year old? 
•J (b) Ewea 1 year old and ovci 
^(c) Rams and welhere 1 yeai 



(The total for c 



mules, colts, and 



SHEEP AND LAMBS S 
251. Were any sheep o 



252. Were any lambs sho 

253. Were any sheep shoi 



RN THIS YEAR. lo.V.i 



i 1959? 
i 7959? 







(i) 

How many 


(2) 
How much 






D 

□ 


D 
□ 


I *"" b " 


Lb. 


N„mb.T 


Lb. 



HOGS AND PIGS: 

[254] How many hogs and pigs of all age* 



/(a) Since June 1, this year? . 
' \(b) Before June 7, thie year? 



SOWS AND GILTS FARROWING: 
[255] How 

256. How many litters i 



CATTLE AND CALVES: (Include all cows and all other cattle and calves, both dairy and beef, 

e □ Number 



this place.) 
257. How many cattle and calves of all ages are on this place? . 



(// "None," mark X and skip to question [262] ) 

(a) Cows? Number 

(Include heifers that have calved.) 

b) Heifers and heifer calves? Number 

(Do not include any heifers that have calved.) 

c) Bulls, hull calves, steers, and steer calves? Number 



'OWS MILKED AND BUTTER CHURNED: 
258. How many cows and heifers were milked yesterday? ... None Q Nun 
s place yeaterday? None □ Nuit 



260. Ho 



iws and i 
any pounds of milk wen 
any pounds of butter w< 



heifers that have calved 
produced yeaterday? .... None O Pounds 



(a) Does Al number end in J or 7? No Q YesQ 

(ft) Are acres in question 7. 1,000 or more? No Q YeaQ 



Section IX— DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD AND TO BE SOLD THIS YEAR, 1959 



[262] 



Was any milk or cream sold this year, 1959? No O Yes D 

(// -No," mark X and skip to question [265] ) 
all sales from this place whether made by you or by others. Report dairy products sold f 



) include dairy products which ) 



rill sell by December 31, this year. 



iow much whole milk w 
e sold in 1959? 

(Ui puM m pounds of r 
gallons of milk, i 



nds of butterfat.) 



i sold in i 



of sales in 1959? 



\MM AI.s SOLD AND TO BE SOLD ALIVE THIS YEAR, 1959 



Report all salei 



whether made by 



[265] Calves? . . . 

266. Cattle, not 
counting calves? 

267. Horses, mules, 



")— 




been 


nany have 
sold Ihi, 


How 
betw 


(2) 

many more 
be sold 


(3) 

How much was 

or will be the 

value of sales 

in 1959? 






and Dec. 31? 


D 

a 

D 

□ 

D 


D 
D 

a 
a 

D 


D 


Numbc. 


a 


N U mb« 


% /nn 


D 




a 




t /nn 


a 




a 




i /nn 


□ 




a 






a 




a 







DELAWARE 



143 



XI.- FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Include 

purchased bj you or by your landlord, 
n. On how many acres wen commercial fertiliser and 
fertilising materials UMd in 1959? 

(// "None," mark X and skip to question [272] ) 



this place during I9S9. whether 

ind 

>Jone Q Acres _ 



Was fertilizer 

ny of the 
following crop» 



[272] Ho 

273. How i 



(ct Corn? 

d WheatT . . . . 

'•■" Irish potatoes? 

(f) All other crops? . 



(1) 



On I 



How much was used- 



ny acres were limed in 1959? None Q Acres 

(// "None," mark X and skip to question [274] ) 

lime or liming materials was used in 1959? Tons 

(Include ground limestone, hydratcd and burnt lime, marl, oyster 



* Section XTt-SETECTEr) FARM EXPENDITURES AND LA NT)" r RE PRACTICES 
J ' .. . THIS YKAR, 1959 __, . 



How much 
was or will 

be spent 



baby chicks.) 
276. Machine hire? . . , 

(Include custom work s 
threshing, combining, i 



wing, fruit picking, spraying 



278. Seeds, bulbs, plants, and tret 

279. Gasoline and other petroleurr 



None □ 
None □ 



LAND-USE PRACTICES 



281. How 
crops thtm i 

282. How 



of cropland used for grain 



Section XIII.— FARM LABOR 



284. About how many hours taat week did 

u (the person in charge of this place) do farn 
irk or chores on this place? (Mar* on.- .— 



r family did 15 i 
•ek without reeei 

(Do not include housework.) 



How many hired persons did c 



1 place latt week? 



I this place for- 



None □ Persons _ 
(Include members of your family receiving cash wages.) 
* X and skip to question [291] ) 

tring thiB year? . None Q Persons _ 
i 150 days during thim year? . None Q Persons _ 



\(b> . 



(The total for questions (a) and (b) i 



f for question 286.] 



Vhat was the agreed cash 
person, give average) 



on XIV.— EQUIPMENT AND FACILIT1L> 



ISPLACE 



Include equipment, whether a 



emporerlly out of order. 



[291] Grain comb 

292. Corn pickers ( 



ludc plcker-shellers and corn combines)? 



for 

295. Motortrucks (include pick-ups)? . . 

296. Wheel tractors other than garden? . 

297. Garden tractors? 

298. Crawler tractors (tracklaying)7 . 

299. Automobiles? 



300. Telephone? No D Yes Q 

301. Home freezer (for quick freezing and storing food) 7 No Q Yes Q 

(Do not include refrigerators) 

302. Milking machine? No Q Yes Q 

303. Electric milk cooler? No D Yes □ 

305. Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops)? No D Yes □ 

306. Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower? No Q Yes Q 



(1) Hard surface? □ 

(2) Gravel, shell, or shale? , , , Q 

(3) Dirt or unimproved? -□ 



How many miles I 



arJted here, anai 



rHow man; 
hard surf a 
D Lessth 
' 



Section XV.— RENTAL AGREEMENT, FARM VALUES, 



308(a) Do you rent any land from others? No D Yes Q 

(b) Do you work any land on shareB? , No Q Yea Q 

(If "No" for both questions 308(a) and 308(b). mark X and skip to question [314].) 
{If ••Yes' for either question 308(a) or 308(b), unauurr quet txons 309 through 313.) 



; of the operation ■ 
310. Do you pay to your landlord any cash 
(a) If "Yes," how much for the year? . 



■ pin 



•ent? . 



No D Yes □ 
No Q Yes Q 



311. Do you pay to your landlord any share of the crops (such as J, 1, \)7 No Q Yes □ 

312. Do you pay to your landlord any share of the livestock or 
livestock products (such as J, J, J)? No Q Yes Q 

313. Do you have this land under any other arrangement (such as a fixed 
I buildings, payment of 



E314] Ahout 
ow much 
would the 
land and the 
buildings 



(a) Land and buildings owned by yoa? 
(Copy acres from question 3.) 

(b) Land and buildings rented from others? 



No D Yes □ No land owned Q 



316. On what dale did j 



'Section XV!.— ENUMERATOR'S RECORD— To be filled by Census Enure 




t equal the number for question 286.) 



worked on this place taut Friday? None Q Persons . 

(// "None," mark X and skip to question [291] ) 
290. How much did (hes* 1 lured pcrnons on piecework (reported for 
luestion 289) earn for their work last Friday? $ 



Who furnished the inf, 
in this reportt (Mar) 



Date (monfA and day) 



Date (month and day) 



144 



ENUMERATOR'S RECORD BOOK 



A2 LISTING 


















i 

E 


PART l.-LIST OF PLACtS IN bD 


PART II -AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS 


PART III -HLIINI. Al 


1 


A. Lilt the head of every household living in 
thu ED 

AND ALSO 

B Lilt every person, not living in thii ED. who 

' has agricultural operations in thu ED 


Doe* 

member 
of nil 

hold 
operate 

(3) 


Did thu person or any member of nil household 


Doe. 
ED? 

(91 


i?fl, 

operaiiom 

lives? 


stock' 
goats' 

to 


ducks? 


tobacco? 
field 

(6) 


20 or 
frso7 
grape- 


Any veg. 
etables 
for sale? 
berries? 

or green- 

(81 


i 

6 

16 






No : Yei 


No ; Yes 


No ■ Yes 


No |Yes 


No 1 Yes 


No |Yei 


No : Yes 


No : Yes 












































































No! Yes 


No I Yes 


No : Yes 


No JYes 


No I Yes 


No jYes 


No : Yes 


No ■ Yes 












































































No ! Yes 


No i Yes 


No : Yes 


No | Yes 


No 1 Yes 


No 1 Yes 


No ! Yes 


No ' Yes 












































































No : Yes 


No : Yes 


No 1 Yes 


No : Yes 


No i Yes 


No : Yei 


No; Yei 


No ; Yes 












































































III 


(2) 


(J) 


(«> 


(11 


(61 


(') 


<») 


(») 


(10, 


I.TlllfiOAJ • l ul,.„ .-■ If N ,,«...lum,.. . a. P I„m„ 16. II ft. •l., l |...1ll N J..,„„ III II 1,- „ ; .X.. 



ENUMERATOR'S RECORD BOOK 



145 



Number 


PART tV -RH:OR1>OI" t OMPLKTIONOF KNl I MIRATION 


| 


land un 


Callback rrquirrd 


Turned iivci ■•• 


Remark., 


Date 


Rctnindcn 


- 


flj. 


(14) 








I).,(c 






Date 
































7 1 
























Al No 






Dice 






Da it 


■ 























































MNo 






Dait 






Date 

































f 














A ' NO 






Dart 






Date 


,. 


























































(II) 


(11) 


(H) 


(M) 


H») 


(16) 




.*J,r heKllMllljt wilh 1 l-.r ihc hM. Al*..u jic Hi -i »h.ch ih r ruim '- .h,. [*r™ < rf v .» ., ri KUuInd 
rct I 1.x ihr ittond *« cenjni 



146 



INDEX TO TABLES 



Abnormal farms 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures ci 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

Angora goats and kids 

Animals sold alive, specified. 

Annual legumes, specified 

Apples 



a, approximate land. 

Asparagus 

Automobiles 

Austrian winter peas... 
Average size of farm... 
Avocados , 



7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



4, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 

8 

1,2,17,18,19,20,21 



Beets (table ) 

Berries, specified 

Blackberries 

Blackeyes and other green cowpeas 

Blueberries (tame or wild) 

Boysenberries 

Broccoli 

Broilers sold 

Broomcorn 

Buckwheat 

Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, and cheese sold. 






Calves. See Cattle . 

Cane, sugar 

Cantaloups and muskmelons, etc... 
Carrots 

Cash-grain farms 

Cash tenants 

Cash wages paid for farm labor. . . 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sold alive..... 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Change in definition of forms... 

Cherries 

Chicken eggs sold 

Chickens 

Chickens sold 

Christmas trees sold 

Citrus fruits, specified 

Clingstone peaches 

Clover seed 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of 

grasses cut for hay 

Collards 

Color of operator 

Commercial farnu 

Commercial fertilizer, expenditu: 
Commercial fertilizer, uses of.. 
Common and perennial ryegrass set 
Conservation of land 



Corn pickers. 

Cotton 

Cotton farms. 
Cowpeas 



i Ld. 



Crimson clover seed 

Crop drier 

Cropland 

By acres harvested 

By color of operator 

By irrigation 

By tenure of operator 

By use 

Cropland in cover crops 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed 

on the contour 

Croppers (for South only) 

Crop . : r>' tenants 

Crop fertilised, specified 

Crops harvest' J from irrigated land 

Crops liar vested, pec if led 

Crops sold 

Cucumbers and pickles 

Cultivated summer fallow 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants grown for sale 

Dairy farms 

Dairy products 

Dairy products sold 

Date of enumeration 

Days worked off farm 

Definition of farms , change in 

Dry field and seed beans 

Dry field and seed peas 

Dry onions 



Eggs sold 

Electric milk cooler 

Elevators, power-operated, conveyor ■ 

Emmer and spelt 

English or Persian walnuts 

Equipment and facilities, specified. 
Escarole, endive, and chickory 



15,17,18,19,20 

3,17,15,19,20,21,22 

5,14,15,16 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



7,12,17,18,19,20,21 
6,12,17,18,19,20,21 
7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



3,4,17,18,19,20 


3 


14,17,18,19,21 


4,5 


17,18,19,20,21 


7 


8 


11 


1,17,18,19,20,21 


1,1a 


8 


11 


4,17,18,19,20,21 


4,6 


8,15 


11 


15,17,18,19,20 




8 


11 


6,12,17,18,19,20,21 


4,8 


7,17,18,19,20,21 


4,10 


8 


11 


4,17,18,19,20,21 


6 


1,2,3 


l,la,2,3 


,2,3,17,18,19,20,21 


1,2,4 


3,17,18,19,20 


3 


1,2 


la 


3,17,18,19,20,21 


3 


1,2,17,18,19,20,21 


1,1a 


17,18,19,20,21 


1 


17,18,19,20,21 


1 


3,17,18,19,20,21 


5 


3,17,18,19,20,21 




17,18,19,20,21 


7 


1,17,18,19,20,21 


la, 11a 


8,13,17,18,19,20,21 


4,11 


8,13,17,18,19,20,21 


5,11 



1,17,18,19,20,21 

9 

15,17,18,19,20 

7 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

11 

8 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



7,12,17,18,19,20,21 
4,17,18,19,20,21 
4,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



Expenditures, farm. See Farm expenditures. 

Fallow land; See Cultivated summer fallow. 

Farm expenditures , specified 

Farm labor 

Farm operators : 

By age 

By color 

By residence 

By tenure 

By of f -farm work and other income 

Farm products , value of 

Farm property, value of 

Farms, number 

By color of operator 

By economic class 

By kind of road on which located 

By kind of workers 

During specified week 

By land irrigated 

By size of farm 

By tenure of operator 

By type of farm 

By value of products sold . ». 

Farms with all harvested crops irrigated 

Feed for livestock and poultry, expenditures for. 

Fence posts cut 

Fertilizer, commercial, expenditures for 

Fertilizer, commercial, uses for 

Fescue seed 

Field and seed beans, dry 

Field and seed peas, dry 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable 

and fruit-and-nut 

Field crops 

Field crops, other than vegetables and 

fruits and nuts , sold 

Field forage harvesters 

Field seeds 

Figs 

Filberts and hazelnuts 

Firewood and fuelwocd 

Flaxseed 

Forest products 

Forest products sold 

Freestone peaches 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Fruits and nuts, specified 

Fruits and nuts sold 

Full owners 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil, 
expenditures for 

Geese sold 

General farms 

Goats and kids 

Goats and kids c lipped 

Goats and kids sold alive 

Grain combines 

Grains 

Grapefruit 

Grapes 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 
or small grains 

Green lima beans 

Green peas (English) 

Greenhouse products 

Guineas sold 

Hairy vetch seed 

Harvesters, field forage 

Hay crops 

Hazelnuts (included with Filberts) 

Heifers and heifer calves 

Hired labor, expenditures for 

Hired labor by basis of payment 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sold alive 

Home freezer 

Honeydews 

Hops 

Horses and colts, including ponies 

Horses and/ or mules 

Horses and/ or mules sold all ve 

Horticultural specialties sold 

See also Nursery and greenhouse products. 

Improved pecans 

Income, farm. See Value of farm products sold. 

Irish potatoes 

Irrigated farms, number 

Irrigated land in farms 

By use 

Kale 

Kind of road 

Kumquats 

Ladino seed 

Land and buildings, value of 

Land area , approximate 

Land from which hay was cut 

Land In farms 

By color of operator 

By size of farm 

By tenure of operator 

By use 

Land in fruit orchards, groves, vineyards, 
and planted nut trees 



6,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19, 
3,4,17,18, 

4,17,18,19, 

3,4,17,18,19, 

4,17,18,19, 

17,18,19, 

1,17,18,19, 

1,2,17,18,19. 

■ 3,17,18. 

17. 



1,17,18,19 

2,16,17,18 

3,17,18 

17,18 

17,18,19 



20,21 

19,20 
20,21 
20,21 
20,21 
20,21 
20,21 
20,21 
19,20 
18,19 



20,21 
19,20 
19,20 
19,20 
20,21 



1 
5,17,18,19,20,21 



17,18,19,20,21 



15,17,19,20 



9,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

15,17,18,19,20 



5,17,18,19,20,21 

7 
15,17,18,19,20 

6,7,17,18,19,20,21 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

7 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



6,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 

5,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



6,17,18,19,20,21 

7 

9,17,18,19,20,21 



1,2 
,2,17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



1,17,18,19,20,21 

1 



1,2,17,18,19 

3,17,18 

2,17,18,19 

3,17,18,19 

1,2,17,18,19 



,20,21 

,19,20 
,20,21 
,20,21 
,20,21 



INDEX TO TABLES 



147 



Land in Irrigated farms. 



Land in strip-cropping systems for soil 

erosion control 

Land irrigated by source of water 

Land pastured 

Legumes, specified annual 

Lemons 

Lespedeza cut for hay 

Urae and liming material, expenditures for. 
Lime and liming material used during the ye. 



17,18,19,20,21 
1,2, 17, 18, 19,20^21 



Litters farrowed 

Livestock and livestock products so 
Livestock farms other than poultry 

and livestock ranches 

Livestock ranches 

Livestock-share tenants 

Livestock, specified 

Livestock sold alive 

loganberries 

Lupine seed 



Machine hire, expenditures for 

Managed land 

Managers 

Mandarins (included with Tangerines). 

Maple sirup made 

Buckets hung 

Maple sugar made ." 

Milk cooler, electric 

Bulk-type 

Milk sold 

Milk cows '[] 

Milking machine 

Mint for oil ..!!!!!!!] 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms., 

Mixed grains 

Mohair clipped , 

Motortrucks 

Mules and mule colts 



Navel oranges 

Nectarines 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and 

vegetable seeds and plants, and bulbs 

Nursery and nursery products (trees, shrubs, 

vines , ornamentals , etc . ) 

Nuts, specified [][[ 



Oats 

Oats cleaned out of vetch and p 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, and o 
grains cut for hay 

Off -farm work and other income. 



Olives. 



Oiuio 



Operators, farm. See Farm operators. 
Oranges 

Oranges, including tangerines and mandarins. 

Other and unspecified tenants 

Other field-erop farms 

Owned land 



Part owners 

Part-retirement. 
Part-time farms. 

Pasture 

Peaches 

Peanuts 



15,1748,19,20 

15,17,18,19,20 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

7,12,17,18,19,20,21 



5,17,18,19,20,21 

3 

3,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 

7,17,18,19,20,21 

6,12,17,18,19,20,21 

4,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



3,4,17,18,19,20 



Pecans 

Peppers. See Sweet peppers and pimientos. 

Pick-up balers 

Pimientos 



riui 



and prunes 

Popcorn 

Potatoes 

Poultry and poultry products 

Poultry and poultry products sold .... 

Poultry farms 

Power -operated elevator, conveyor, or blower. 

Products, farm, value of 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pulpwood sold 

Pumpkins ] " *[" 

Purchase of livestock and poultry!!! !!!!!!!!!! 
Quinces 

Radishes 

Rams and wethers 

Raspberries 

Red clover seed 

Redtop seed .!!!! 



1,2,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 



6,12,17,18,19,20,21 
7,12,17,18,19,20,21 

15,17,18,19,20 
4,17,18,19,20,21 

17,18,19,20,21 



5,17,18,19,20,21 



6,17,18,19,20,21 



.,8,9 

4,5,9,10a 



Residence of operator 

Rice 

Root and grain crops hogged or graze 

Rye 

Ryegrass seed, common and perennial. 



xpendlturei 



Sampling, reliability of 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut 

Seed beans, dry field and 

Seed peas, dry field and 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Seeds , field , 

Shallots 

Share-cash tenants 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 

Sheep and lambs sold alive 

Silage 

Size of farm 

Small fruits 

Small grains 

Snap beans (bush and pole types) 

Sorghums 

Soybeans 

Specified equipment and facilitl 

Specified farm expenditures 

Spinach 

Spring wheat 

Squash 

Steers and bulls, including stee; 

Strawberries 

Sugar beets for sugar !!!!!!!! 

Sugarcane for seed !!!!!!!!!! 

Sugarcane for sugar 

Sugarcane or sorghum for sirup 

Summer fallow, cultivated 

Sweetclover seed 

Sweet peppers and pimientos 

Sweetpotatoes 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land. 



and bull calves 



Tangelos 

Tangerines and mandarins. 

Telephone 

Tenants 



Tenure of farm operator 

Timber 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco farms 

Tomatoes 

Tractors 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes. 

Tung nuts 

Turkeys 

Turnips 

Type of farm 



Unclassified farms 

Uses of commercial fertilize 
Uses of land 



5,17,18,19,20,21 



3,17,18,19,20,21,22 
6,12,17,18,19,20,21 



7,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

16,17,18,19,20 



6,17,18,19,20,21 



1,17,18,19,20,21 



4,17,18,19,20,21 

3,17,18,19,20,21 

8 

3,17,18,19,20,21 


4,6 

3,4,5 

11 

3,5 


9 

8 

8 

15,17,18,19,20 


12 
11 
11 
5 


8 
4,17,18,19,20,21 


11 
4,6 



Farm products sold 

Farms (land and buildings ) 

Livestock 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower and vegeta 
seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. 

Vegetable farms 

Vegetables for home use .!!!!.'!! 

Vegetables harvested for sale 

Vegetables sold 

Velvetbeans 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or 
other grains , cut for hay 



Vetch seed. 

Vineyards. See Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes." 

Wage rates 

walnuts !.!.!!!!!!!!! 

Watermelons 

Wax beans. See Snap beans. 

Wheat 

White farm operators " , [ 

Wild hay cut ..!.!!!!!!! 

Winter wheat 

Woodland in farm, by use 

Wool shorn ; 

wool sold ...!!!!! 

Workers : 

Family 

Hired .....!.!!! 

Regular .!!!!!! 

Seasonal _ 

Specified week 

Work off f aim ' ( 

Young berries 



>,7,12, 17,18, 19,20,21 

8 

15,17,18,19,20 

17,18,19,20 

17,18,19,20,21 
1,17,18,19,20,21 



17,18,19,20,21 

1,17,18,19,20,21 
6,7,17,18,19,20,21 



15,17,18,19,20 
8 
8 

17,18,19,20,21 



3,4,17,18,19,20 



5,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 
5,17,18,19,20,21 




UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 



AGRICULTURE 



1959 



iffcldHa 



Maryland 



COUNTIES 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




U.S. CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 

Final Report — Vol. I — Part 23 — Counties 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS 
LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS 
CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES 



Maryland 



COUNTIES 




Prepared under the supervision of 
RAY HURLEY, Chief 
Agriculture Division 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
Luther H. Hodges, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

Richard M. Scammon, Director (From May 1, 1961) 
Robert W. Burgess, Director (To March 3, 1961) 





BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

RICHARD M. SCAMMON, Director 



A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Lowell T. Galt, Special Assistant 

Herman P. Miller, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician 

Joseph F. Daly, Chief Mathematical Statistician 
Charles B. Lawrence, Jr., Assistant Director for Operations 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief International Statistical Programs Office 
A. W. von Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division— 

R.AY Huhlby, Chitf 

Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief 
Orvin L. Wilhitb, Assistant Chief 
Field Division — 

Jefferson D. McPuce, Chief 

Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — 

C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Henry A. Bloom, Assistant Chief 
Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 
Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 
Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief 
Construction Statistics Division — Samuel J. Dennis, 'Chief 
Decennial Operations Division — Glen S. Taylor, Chief 
Demographic Surveys Division — Robert B. Pearl, Chief 
Economic Operations Division — Marion D. Bingham, Chief 
Electronic Systems Division — Robert F. Drury, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — William T. Fay, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Housing Division — Wayne F. Daugherty, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Personnel Division — James P. Taff, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 
Statistical Methods Division — Joseph Steinberg, Chief 
Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 
Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 
Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 



Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC59-1 and AC59-2, 
Preliminary Reports 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: A60-9482 



SUGGESTED CITATION 

U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Agriculture: 1959. Vol. I, 
Counties, Part 23 Maryland 

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1961 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. Price $1.25 



PREFACE 



Volume I, Counties, is one of the five principal reports presenting the results of the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 54 parts, presents the compilation of the infor- 
mation given by farm operators to census enumerators in 1959. 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress of 
August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code. 

The collection of the data was carried out by census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Bureau of the Census and working under the direction 
of Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Field Division. Paul R. Squires, then Special Assistant to 
the Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief, and Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief. They 
were assisted by M. Vincent Lindquist, Thomas Jabine, Robert S. McCauley, John C. 
Mackey, Robert Standley, Hilton E. Robison, Helen E. Teir, Carl R. Nyman, Kenneth 
R. Norell, Gladys L. Eagle, Henry L. DeGraff, Charles H. Boehne, Joseph A. Correll, 
Margaret G. Wood, Evelyn K. Jett, Simon Yablon, Emma B. Gass, Charlotte J. Messinese, 
Bennie L. Sharp, Isaac E. Lemon, James M. Lindsey, Samuel S. Murray, William F. 
Kauffman, Hector Vila, Harry P. Owings, Charles A. Nicholls, Henry A. Tucker, Robert 
S. Boyle, Helen M. Davenport, Albert W. Graybill, Lois G. Miller, Thomas D. Monroe, 
Gerald P. Owens, Bernard L. Ross, Marvin M. Thompson, Helen D. Turner, Kurt W. 
Luethy, Arnold L. Bollenbacher, George W. Coffman, Joseph A. Horak, Samuel J. Hundley, 
Donald K. Larson, Chester G. Lykins, Wilmer R. Maxham, Virgil L. McClain, Jr., Darrell 
D. Prochaska, Robert J. Rades, Hubert E. Sites, Duane E. Traylor, Donald H. von Steen, 
Elmer O. Rea, Frances G. Compton, Lillian W. Bentel, and Neil V. Perkins. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of personnel by the 
United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumeration, and the com- 
pilation of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. 

August 1961 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 
FINAL REPORTS 

Volume I — Counties — A separate part for each State. Statistics on number of farms; farm characteristics; acreage in farms; cropland 
and other uses of land; land-use practices; irrigation; farm facilities and equipment; farm labor; farm expenditures; use of commercial 
fertilizer; number and kind of livestock; acres and production of crops; value of farm products; characteristics of commercial farms, farms 
classified by tenure, by size, type, and economic class; and comparative data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Volume I is published in 54 parts as follows: 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 




New England States: 




West North Central — Continued 




Mountain: 


1 


Maine. 


19 


South Dakota. 


38 


Montana. 


2 


New Hampshire. 


20 


Nebraska. 


39 


Idaho. 


3 


Vermont. 


21 


Kansas. 


40 


Wyoming. 


4 


Massachusetts. 




South Atlantic: 


41 


Colorado. 


5 


Rhode Island. 


22 


Delaware. 


42 


New Mexico. 


6 


Connecticut. 


23 


Maryland. 


43 


Arizona. 




Middle Atlantic States: 


24 


Virginia. 


44 


Utah. 


7 


New York. 


25 


West Virginia. 


45 


Nevada. 


8 


New Jersey. 


26 


North Carolina. 




Pacific: 


9 


Pennsylvania. 


27 


South Carolina. 


46 


Washington. 




East North Central: 


28 


Georgia. 


47 


Oregon. 


10 


Ohio. 


29 


Florida. 


48 


California. 


11 


Indiana. 




East South Central: 


49 


Alaska. 


12 


Illinois. 


30 


Kentucky. 


50 


Hawaii 


13 


Michigan. 


31 


Tennessee. 




Other Areas: 


14 


Wisconsin. 


32 


Alabama. 


51 


American Samoa. 




West North Central: 


33 


Mississippi. 


52 


Guam. 


15 


Minnesota. 




West South Central: 


53 


Puerto Rico. 


16 


Iowa. 


34 


Arkansas. 


54 


Virgin Islands. 


17 


Missouri. 


35 


Louisiana. 






18 


North Dakota. 


36 
37 


Oklahoma. 
Texas. 







Volume II — General Report. — Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. Summary data and analyses of the 
data by States, for geographic divisions, and for the United States, by subjects, as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest Prod- 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




ucts. 


IV 


Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume III — Irrigation of Agricultural Lands. Western States 
(Dry Areas) — Data by States for drainage basins and a summary 
for the area, including number and types of irrigation organiza- 
tions, source of water, expenditures for works and equipment since 
1950, water used and acres served for irrigation purposes. 

Volume IV — Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Data by States on 
land in drainage organizations, number and types of organizations, 
cost of drainage and drainage works. 



Volume V — Special Reports, Part 1. — Horticultural Specialties. 

Statistics by'States and a summary for the United States present- 
ing number and kinds of operations; gross receipts and/or gross 
sales; sales of nursery products, flower seed, vegetables grown 
under glass, and propagated mushrooms; number of container- 
grown plants; inventory products; sales of bulb crops; employ- 
ment; structures and equipment. 

Titles of additional parts of this volume are not available as 
this report goes to press. 



MARYLAND 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Page 

History of the Census DC 

Legal basis for the Census DC 

Pretest of the 1959 Census DC 

Training program for personnel for enumeration DC 

Enumeration period DC 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization DC 

The agriculture questionnaire DC 

Agricultural operations X 

Enumeration assignments and enumeration districts X 

Enumerator's record book XI 

Enumeration maps XI 

Lists of special and large farms XI 

Landlord-tenant questionnaire XI 

Township sketch map XI 

Field review of enumerator 's work XJI 

SAMPLING 

Use of sampling XII 

Description of the sample XII 

Adjustment of the sample XII 

Estimation of totals for the sample XII 

Presentation of sample data XII 

Reliability of estimates XII 

Differences in data resulting from differences in 

tabulating procedures XIII 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of enumeration XIII 

Editing of questionnaires XIII 

Coding of questionnaires XIII 

Tabulation of data XIII 

PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical content of this report XIV 

Comparability of data XTV 

Minor civil divisions XIV 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive summary and references XIV 

General Farm Information 

Census definition of a farm XTV 

Farm operator XV 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XV 

Land area XV 

Land in farms XV 

Land in farms according to use XVI 

Value of land and buildings XVII 

Age of operator XVII 

Residence of operator XVII 

Year began operating present farm XVII 

Of f -farm work and other income XVII 

Equipment and facilities XVII 

Farms by kind of road XVIII 

Farm labor XVIII 

Fertilizer and lime XVIII 

Specified farm expenditures XDC 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Crops 

Page 

Crops harvested XIX 

Corn XDC 

Annual legumes XX 

Hay crops XX 

Field seed crops XX 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XX 

Berries and other small fruits XX 

Tree fruits , nuts , and grapes XX 

Nursery and greenhouse products XXI 

Forest products XXI 

Value of crops harvested XXI 

Value of crops sold XXI 

Irrigation 

Definition of irrigated land XXI 

Enumeration of irrigated land XXI 

Irrigated farms XXI 

Land in irrigated farms XXI 

Land irrigated XXI 

Farms irrigated by number of acres irrigated XXI 

Land irrigated by source of water XXI 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary information XXII 

Cropland in cover crops XXII 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the 

contour XXII 

Land in strip-cropping systems for soil-erosion control. . . XXII 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land XXII 

Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories XXII 

Milk cows, cows milked, milk produced, and butter XXII 

Whole milk and cream sold XXII 

Sows and gilts farrowing XXII 

Sheep, lambs , and wool XXII 

Goats and mohair XXII 

Bees and honey XXII 

Value of livestock on farms XXII 

Sales of live animals XXII 

Sales of poultry and poultry products XXIII 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of classification XXIII 

Farms by size XXIII 

Farms by color of operator XXIII 

Farms by tenure of operator XXIII 

Farms by economic class XXIII 

Farms by type XXIV 

Value of farm products sold XXV 



(V) 



VI CONTENTS 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— Page 

1. — Farms , acreage, and value : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 3 

2. — Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 4 

3. — Farms and farm acreage, by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 6 

4. — Farm operators by color, age, residence, and off-farm work; and equipment and 

facilities on farms : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 , 7 

5 Specified farm expenditures and farm labor: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 8 

6 Livestock and poultry on farms, number and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 9 

7. — Livestock and livestock and poultry products sold: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 10 

8. — Farms reporting, acreage, quantity harvested, and sales of crops: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 11 

9. — Nursery, greenhouse , and forest products : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 17 

10. — Characteristics of places not counted as farms because of change in definition of farm: 1959 18 

11 Date of enumeration: Censuses of .1959 and 1954. . , 18 

12 Farms reporting classified by number of livestock on farms and by quantity of livestock 

and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 19 

13 Farms reporting classified by acres harvested, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for 

selected crops : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 20 

14 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by economic class of farm, Census of 1959 24 

15 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by type of farm, Census of 1959 26 

16 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by size of farm, Census of 1959 28 

17. — Farms and farm characteristics by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 30 

18 Farms and farm characteristics of commercial farms by type of farm 

by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 40 

19 Farms and farm characteristics by type of farm: Census of 1959 70 

20 Farms and farm characteristics by size of farm: Census of 1959 80 

21. — Farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator : Census of 1959 90 

22. — Cash rent paid by cash tenants and share-cash tenants by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 120 

23. — Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county and State by number of farms reporting, by levels 120 

24. — Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county and State totals for specified items 121 

Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 124 

2. — Number of farms, land in farms, and cropland harvested, by size of farm: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 126 

3. — Farms and farm acreage by tenure of operator: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 128 

4. —Characteristics of commercial farms , Census of 1959 130 

5. — Farms reporting by off -farm work; and farms by tenure of operator, type of farm, economic class of farm, 

and value of farm products sold , by source : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 133 

6. — Equipment and facilities on farms and farm labor: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 136 

7 Use of fertilizer and lime on farms and farm expenditures: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 138 

8. — Livestock and poultry oh farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 140 

9. — Livestock and livestock products sold from farms and litters farrowed: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 142 

10 Dairy products and poultry and poultry products sold from farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 144 

11 Farms reporting acreage and quantity of crops harvested : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 146 

12 . — Nursery and greenhouse products and forest products cut on farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 156 

APPENDIX 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire 160 

Enumerator ' s Record Book 164 

Index to tables 166 



INTRODUCTION 

(VII) 



INTRODUCTION 

THE 1959 CENSUS OP AGRICULTURE 



History of the Census. — The 1959 Census Is the 17th nationwide 
agricultural census. The first agricultural census was taken in 
1840, at the same time as the Sixth Decennial Census of Popu- 
lation. From 1850 to 1920, an agricultural census was taken 
every 10 years. With increased application of scientific findings 
and the growing use of mechanization in agriculture, farming 
practices were changing so rapidly that facts collected at 10-year 
Intervals were no longer adequate. Aware of the need for more 
accurate and timely Information, the Congress in 1909 (36 stat 
10, sec. 31, provided for a census to be taken in 1915 and every 
10 years thereafter which was to be In addition to the census of 
agriculture to be taken at the time of the decennial census of 
population. The 1915 censns was not taken, however, because 
of the abnormal conditions created by World War I. Beginning 
with 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken every 
5 years. 

Legal Basis for the Census. — The 1959 Census of Agriculture 
was authorized by an Act of Congress, as were all prior censuses 
of agriculture. "Title 13, United States Code-Census," codified in 
August 1954, and amended in August 1957 and September 1960, 
is now the legal basis for censuses of agriculture and other cen- 
suses, and surveys conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Sec- 
tion 142, paragraph (a), of Title 13 makes provision for the 
Census of Agriculture. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall, beginning in the month of October 
1959, and in the same month of every fifth year thereafter, take 
a census of agriculture, provided that the censuses directed to 
be taken In October 1959 and each tenth year thereafter, may, 
when and where deemed advisable by the Secretary, be taken 
instead in conjunction with the censuses provided in section 
141 of this title." (Section 141 relates to the decennial cen- 
suses of population, unemployment, and housing to be taken 
as of the first day of April of each decennial year.) Under 
authority granted by Section 4 of Title 13, the Secretary of 
Commerce delegated "the functions and duties imposed upon 
him by this title" to the Director of the Bureau of the Census. 

Pretest of the 1959 Censns. — A "pretest" of the field procedures 
of the 1959 Census of Agriculture was conducted in 17 counties 
of the United States during the fall of 1958. The purpose of the 
pretest was to provide the Bureau with a measure of the effective- 
ness of the questions and procedures planned for the 1959 
nationwide census. Three versions of the agriculture question- 
naire — the first one for Northern States, the second for Southern 
States, and the third for Western States — were used in the pre- 
test Each version contained questions appropriate to the type 
of agriculture in the part of the country where it was used. All 
major aspects of field forms and procedures, from the hiring and 
training of crew leaders and enumerators to actual interviews 
with farm operators, were given a "trial run" in each of the 17 
counties. Preliminary versions of reporting forms, maps, pay- 
roll records, training guides, and instruction manuals were sub- 
jected to actual use under conditions simulating those expected 
in the nationwide enumeration conducted in the fall of 1959. 

In making final preparations for the 1959 census, the staff of 
the Bureau drew heavily on the results of the pretest, as well as 
on experience gained from previous censuses. 

Training Program for Personnel for Enumeration. — Every per- 
son hired to do work in connection with the 1959 Census of Agri- 
culture received specialized training for his job. Staff mem- 

563128—60 



bers of the Washington and Regional Offices of the Bureau and 
of the U.S. Department of Agriculture trained approximately 110 
agriculture field assistants and 2,100 crew leaders. The crew 
leaders, in turn, trained and supervised approximately 30,000 
enumerators. All training was presented according to procedures 
contained in various guides and manuals prepared by the Bureau. 
The training program included films trips, map-reading, practice 
interviewing, and practice filling of questionnaires and other 
census forms. In most Instances, training sessions were held 
near the areas In which employees worked and immediately prior 
to the beginning of their assignments. 

Enumeration Period. — The actual enumeration in the conter- 
minous United States (see page XIV) started at dates varying 
from October 7 to November 18, 1959. In general, starting dates 
were based upon regional variations In harvesting seasons and 
on weather conditions. The primary aim was to have the 
enumeration late enough to follow the harvesting of the bulk 
of important crops and early enough to precede the advent of 
winter weather with the attending unfavorable travel conditions. 
The bulk of the enumeration work was completed within three 
to four weeks after the starting date. In Hawaii, the enumera- 
tion was made during the months of December 1959 and January 
1960 ; and in Alaska, during April 1960. 

Enumeration starting dates for the censuses of 1959 and 1954 
are given in State table 11, together with figures showing the 
percentage of farms enumerated in the State during weekly pe- 
riods. The average enumeration date for the 1959 census for 
each county is given in county table 6. 

Data for Inventory items — land in farms, machinery and equip- 
ment, livestock, and poultry — relate to the situation at the actual 
time of enumeration of each individual farm. Data for acres, 
production, and sales of crops relate generally to the crops har- 
vested during the crop year 1959, regardless of whether and when 
they were sold while data for sales of livestock and livestock 
products relate to the calendar year 1959. Since the enumera- 
tion was made before the end of 1959, special emphasis was 
placed upon the inclusion of estimates for crops yet to be sold 
and for livestock and livestock products expected to be sold in 
the period from the time of enumeration to the end of the cal- 
endar year. Instructions on the questionnaire and the wording 
of questions were designed to assure that full crop-year or 
calendar-year data would be reported. For example, "How much 
of this year's crop was or will be sold?' ; 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization. — Section 5 of Title 13 of the United States Code 
authorizes the preparation of forms and questionnaires used In 
the census. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall prepare schedules, and shall determine 
the inquiries, and the number, form, and subdivisions thereof, 
for the statistics, surveys, and censuses provided for in this 
title." 

The Agriculture Questionnaire. — The questionnaire for the 1959 
Census of Agriculture was prepared by the staff of the Bureau. 
Selection of the inquiries was based on the results of the 1958 
pretest and experience gained in earlier censuses. Careful con- 
sideration was given to such factors as the current availability 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



of data from other sources, the possibility of obtaining data by 
methods other than a census, the adequacy of the data that might 
be obtained, and the need for and usefulness of the data. Two 
committees gave advice and counsel to the Bureau. One of these, 
a Special Advisory Committee, was composed of members desig- 
nated by the organizations they represented, following an invita- 
tion from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to name a 
representative to serve in an advisory capacity. The Special 
Advisory Committee for the 1959 'Census of Agriculture was 
made up of one representative from each of the following : Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, American Association of Land- 
Grant Colleges and State Universities, American Farm Bureau 
Federation, American Farm Economic Association, American 
Statistical Association, Farm Equipment Institute, National As- 
sociation of Commissioners, Secretaries, and Directors of Agri- 
culture, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, National 
Farmers' Union, National Grange, Rural Sociological Society, 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A representative of 
the Bureau of the Budget was in attendance at all meetings of 
the Advisory Committee. 

Because of the special interest of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture in censuses of agriculture, the Director of the Bureau 
of the Census sought the continuous cooperation of that organiza- 
tion in developing plans, questionnaires, and procedures for the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. Working Groups were established 
in the U.S. Department of Agriculture to make recommendations 
for the following general subjects : 

Tenure, Land Values, and Mortgage Debt 

Land Use and Conservation and Production Practices 

Field Crops 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Forest Products 

Livestock, Poultry, and Dairy 

Income and Expenditure (including Contractual Operations) 

Farm Labor 

Equipment and Facilities (including Structures) 

Each Working Group had the responsibility for ascertaining 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture's need for data in the field 
covered by its "terms of reference" and for presenting recom- 
mendations to a small Joint Committee comprising representa- 
tives of both the Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. The Joint Committee received written recom- 
mendations from each Working Group. The Chairman of each 
Group appeared before the Joint Committee as did any member 
of the Working Group who was needed to present supplemental 
information of a specialized nature. 

Prior to the formulation of the questionnaire, State Agricul- 
tural Colleges and other major users of census data were invited 
to suggest inquiries for the enumeration. Each member of the 
Special Advisory Committee had the opportunity and the respon- 
sibility for channeling in suggestions from the organization he 
represented. The number of inquiries submitted from all sources 
greatly exceeded the number that could be included in the census, 
from the point of view of cost, of the respondent's time and 
patience, and of practical value to the majority of users of data. 

The final selection included 316 questions, some of which con- 
sisted of several parts, for the 48 States comprising the con- 
terminous United States. Although each of the 316 questions 
was asked in one or more of the 48 States, considerably less than 
this total was asked in any one State because of the use of "State" 
questionnaires. Moreover, about 50 questions out of the total 
were asked of approximately one-fifth of all farm operators in 
the State. The number of questions ranged from 159 on the 
questionnaire for Maine to 194 on the questionnaire for Cali- 
fornia. In all, 38 versions of the questionnaire — one for each 
State or combination of adjoining States and two for Texas — 



were used for the 1959 census in the conterminous United States 
as compared with 21 versions in 1954 and 41 in 1950. A separate 
version was used in Alaska and another in Hawaii. 

Differences in the questionnaires were designed to account 
for regional and local differences In agriculture. Most, but not 
all, of the differences related to crops. The use of State ques- 
tionnaires made possible the inclusion of separate inquiries for 
all important crops grown within a State and, at the same 
time, a reduction in the total number of inquiries for a State. 
Questions that did not apply, to any considerable degree, to a 
particular State were omitted from the questionnaire used in 
that State. For example, separate questions about citrus fruits 
were omitted from all questionnaires except for the few States 
where citrus fruits are grown. An added advantage of State 
questionnaires was that production and sales data could be asked 
in the unit of measure most commonly used by the farmers in 
each State. Regional variation in the number and type of ques- 
tions is an important provision of the census for obtaining com- 
plete coverage of agricultural operations. 

About 2 weeks before the start of the enumeration, agricul- 
ture questionnaires were mailed to most households in rural 
areas. A letter was attached to each questionnaire asking the 
farm operator to fill the questionnaire and to give it to the enu- 
merator when he called. The purpose of this procedure was 
to save time and money in taking the census and to improve the 
quality of the information given by farm operators. By having 
the questionnaire ahead of time, the farmer could determine what 
information would be required and could check his records in 
advance of the enumerator's visit. It was, however, the respon- 
sibility of the enumerator to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each place which qualified. If the questionnaire had been filled 
out by the farm operator, the enumerator was instructed to 
examine the questionnaire for completeness and accuracy and, 
if need be, to give the farmer such help as might be necessary. 

Agricultural Operations. — The training of enumerators stressed 
the concept that a census of agriculture is a census of agricultural 
operations rather than a census of farms. This concept was in- 
tended to assure a complete agricultural census free of any per- 
sonal judgment by enumerators as to what constitutes a farm. In 
accordance with clearly defined procedures, an enumerator was 
required to obtain an agriculture questionnaire for each person 
who had charge of one or more agricultural operations, whether 
or not he considered himself to be a farm operator. For enu- 
meration purposes, it was considered that there were agricul- 
tural operations on a place if, at any time in 1959 — 

a. Any livestock (hogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, or mules) 
were kept on the place. 

b. A combined total of 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and ducks 
were kept on the place. 

c. Any grain, hay, tobacco, or other field crops were grown on 
the place. 

d. A combined total of 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and 
nut trees were on the place. 

e. Any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
were grown on the place for sale. 

As a result of the requirement that all places having agri- 
cultural operations be enumerated, more questionnaires were 
obtained than are included in the tabulations for farms. During 
the office processing operations that followed the completion of 
enumeration, criteria were applied to the questionnaires to sort 
out for tabulation those that represented farms according to 
the census definition of a farm (see page XIV). 

Enumeration Assignments and Enumeration Districts. — To as- 
sure a complete enumeration within the time allotted, the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) was divided into 29,374 
Enumeration Assignments, or EA's. Each EA comprised an 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



area that one enumerator could reasonably be expected to canvass 
within a 3- to 4-week period, as indicated by performance rec- 
ords from the 1954 census. 

Each EA was made up of one or more Enumeration Dis- 
tricts, or "ED's," as the geographic unit for enumeration. Prior 
to the enumeration, the ED's were classified into three groups 
on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the number 
of farms, as indicated by the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the 
1950 Census of Population and Housing, current population esti- 
mates, and highway maps showing culture which were basic 
to establishing the boundaries of each assignment. Through the 
use of different canvassing procedures for each group of ED's, 
the Bureau was able to reduce the cost of enumeration without 
running any material risk of missing any farms or other places 
with agricultural operations. The ED groupings and canvassing 
procedures are described below. 

Group I Enumeration Districts. — In general, ED's with no 
well-defined cluster of dwellings were considered to be open- 
country areas and comprise Group I. For each ED of Group 
I, in his Enumeration Assignment, the enumerator was required 
to list in his Record Book the name of every head of household 
living in the ED and also the name of every person not living 
in the ED who had agricultural operations there. There were 
approximately 20,751 ED's in Group I for the 1959 Census. 

Group II Enumeration Districts. — Rural ED's in which the 
number of dwellings was large in relation to the number of 
farms were considered to be in Group II. For each ED, in 
Group II, the enumerator was required to list the head of the 
household for all dwellings in the ED except for those on less 
than one acre of ground in built-up residential areas of 50 or 
more dwellings. He was also required to determine, by obser- 
vation or local inquiry, whether there were any farms or other 
places with agricultural operations in the built-up areas and, 
if so, to obtain an agriculture questionnaire. There were 
approximately 7,979 ED's in Group II. 

Group III Enumeration Districts. — Most incorporated places 
and unincorporated villages having approximately 150 or more 
dwellings were designated as separate ED's and are classified 
as Group III. Also, most ED's in counties around large metro- 
politan areas were designated as Group III Ed's. Prior to 
the 1959 Census of Agriculture, places enumerated in these 
areas during the 1954 Census of Agriculture were listed in 
the Enumerator's Record Book. The enumerator was required 
to visit and enumerate or otherwise account for each place listed 
in his Record Book. In addition, he was instructed to ask at 
each of these places if there were any farms or other places with 
agricultural operations in the Enumeration District, and, if so, 
to add them to his list and enumerate them. There were ap- 
proximately 15,836 Group III ED's in 1959. According to the 
1954 Census, these ED's contained 380,575 farms. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised incorporated 
places or that were within an incorporated city were classified 
as Group I or Group II because they had a large number of farms. 
A few others, comprising extensive rural districts requiring con- 
siderable travel, were classified as Group III because they had 
only a small number of farms. 

Enumerator's Record Book. — Each enumerator received one or 
more Record Books containing a listing form for use during 
canvassing. (See appendix for facsimile of one page of list- 
ing form included in Enumerator's Record Book.) The lines 
on the listing form were numbered in consecutive order. Ex- 
cept as otherwise prescribed for Group II and Group III ED's, 
the enumerator listed in his Record Book the name of each head 
of household living in his assigned area and also the name 
of each person not living in his area who had agricultural opera- 
tions there. As he made his listing, he also asked the questions 
about agricultural operations that were printed on the listing 
form. Answers to these questions determined, for the enumerator, 
whether or not an agriculture questionnaire was required for the 
person listed and, if so, whether he or some other enumerator 
was responsible for getting it. Thus, the Record Book served 
as an important aid to the enumerator in securing complete cov- 
erage of all agricultural operations within his area. At the same 



time, it helped to prevent enumeration of the same place by two 
or more enumerators. 

Enumeration Maps. — As a second aid to getting complete cover- 
age, each enumerator received a map or, in a few exceptional 
cases, a brief written description of the area assigned to him 
for enumeration. He was required to plan and follow an orderly 
route of enumeration within the boundaries of his assigned area 
in accordance with established canvassing procedures. As the 
enumerator listed a place in his Record Book, he indicated its 
location by copying onto his map the number of the line on which 
he listed it. This numbering system indicated the enumerator's 
route of travel, and helped both the enumerator and his crew 
leader to determine the extent of coverage of the enumerator's 
assignment at any given time. • 

Lists of Special and Large Farms. — Prior to the enumeration, a 
card list of "special and large farms" was prepared on the basis 
of records obtained from the 1954 census and from Federal and 
State agricultural agencies. In general, "special and large farms" 
fell into one of three categories: (1) farms having unusually 
large acreages, livestock inventories, or annual sales as indi- 
cated by available records; (2) farms known to be specializing 
in such operations as broiler production, turkey growing, feed 
lots, nursery or greenhouse production, cranberry bogs, citrus 
groves, etc.; (3) farms that might easily be overlooked because 
they had absentee operators or were not locally thought of as 
farms, such as institutions, Indian reservations, grazing associa- 
tions, etc. 

Enumerators were given the cards for the special and large 
farms within their assignment areas to use as aids to obtaining 
complete coverage. Generally, the cards provided insurance 
against the omission of farming units that could have a signifi- 
cant effect on the totals for a given county or State. The enu- 
merator was instructed to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each special or large farm in his area or to write an explana- 
tion on the card as to why an agriculture questionnaire was not 
required on the basis of 1959 operations. The crew leader had 
a duplicate set of cards for use in checking enumeration coverage. 

Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire. — As in several previous cen- 
suses, a special landlord-tenant questiomiaire was used in some 
parts of the South as a supplement to the agriculture question- 
naire. Its purpose was to help the enumerator get complete 
and accurate coverage of individually operated tracts of land 
that were actually part of one operating unit under the control 
of one landlord. To accomplish this purpose, the enumerator was 
required to fill a landlord-tenant questionnaire for each landlord 
who had any land worked on shares. The entries made in this 
questionnaire included the name of each sharecropper, tenant, or 
renter ; the amount of land assigned to each ; and the acreage and 
quantity of crops harvested on shares. By checking these entries 
against the agriculture questionnaires obtained for the individual 
operators, the enumerator and the Central Office could verify that 
each part of the operating unit controlled by the landlord was 
enumerated and that it was enumerated only once. The landlord- 
tenant questionnaire was used in 386 counties in the 1959 census 
as compared with approximately 900 counties in 1954. 

Township Sketch Map. — In some areas of the Great Plains, a 
considerable portion of land is farmed by nonresident operators — 
that is, by persons who do not live on the land they operate or 
who live on it only during part of the year. Enumerators in these 
areas used a special mapping form, the Township Sketch, in 
addition to their enumeration maps as an aid to obtaining com- 
plete coverage. Each township included on the sketch was 
identified by township and range number and was divided into 
144 small squares. In a standard section of 640 acres, each 
square represented a quarter section of land, or 160 acres. As 
the enumerator canvassed his assignment area, he indicated the 
acreage and location of each farm, ranch, and tract of nonfarm 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



land by drawing its boundaries on the sketch. He also used a 
simple numbering system as a cross reference between the agri- 
cultural land identified on the sketch and the questionnaire on 
which it was reported. The Township Sketch was used in all 
counties of North Dakota and South Dakota and in selected 
counties of Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 

Field Review of Enumerator's Work. — In the 1959 census, 
greater emphasis was placed on a detailed review of enumerators' 
work during enumeration than had been the case in previous 
censuses. The objective was to detect and correct enumeration 
errors as early as possible in order to achieve and maintain a 
high quality of individual performance. Starting on the first day 
of enumeration and continuing throughout the enumeration 
period, each crew leader was instructed to make regular and 
frequent visits to his enumerators. At each visit, he was to 
follow a clearly defined procedure for observing the enumerator's 
conduct of interviews and for checking his listings, maps, ques- 
tionnaires, and other forms for accuracy and completeness. 

As an aid to checking coverage and enumerator efficiency, the 
crew leader was given a list containing estimates, based on the 
1954 census, of the number of questionnaires required in each 
enumeration assignment area within his district, and of the 
mileage and time required to obtain those questionnaires. 

SAMPLING 

Use of Sampling. — In the 1959 census, as in several previous 
censuses, sampling was used in two ways: for enumeration and 
for tabulation. Sampling in enumeration consisted of the col- 
lection of information about the items included in sections IX 
through XV of the questionnaire for only a sample of farms. 
The "sample" items relate to sales of dairy products and sales of 
livestock, use of fertilizer and lime, farm expenditures, land-use 
practices, farm labor, equipment and facilities, rental agreements, 
farm values, and farm mortgage debt. The same sample of farms 
was used for tabulations by type of farm and by economic class 
of farm and for many of those by size of farm and by color and 
tenure of operator. 

Description of the Sample. — The sample used for the 1959 Census 
of Agriculture consisted of all farms with a total area of 1,000 
or more acres or with estimated sales of $100,000 or more in 1959, 
and approximately 20 percent of all other farms. Farms with 
1,000 or more acres were universally included in the sample 
during enumeration. As the enumerator filled the questionnaire, 
he determined the number of "acres in this place" (see question 7 
of the agriculture questionnaire). If the acreage amounted to 
1,000 or more he was required to fill sections IX through XV of 
the questionnaire. Farms with less than 1,000 acres, with esti- 
mated sales of $100,000 or more, were included in the sample 
during the office processing. For these farms the information for 
sections IX through XV was obtained by mail. 

The selection of farms of less than 1,000 acres for inclusion in 
the sample was made during enumeration, according to the fol- 
lowing procedure: As the enumerator determined that he was 
required to obtain a questionnaire, he assigned a number to it, 
whether or not he was able to obtain the questionnaire on his 
first visit. He assigned numbers in consecutive order, beginning 
with "1" for the first questionnaire required in each enumera- 
tion district within his area. He was instructed to fill sections 
IX through XV on all questionnaires for which the assigned 
number ended in "2" or "7" (i.e. 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, etc.). 

Adjustment of the Sample. — An adjustment in the part of the 
sample that was comprised of farms of less than 1,000 acres find 
with estimated sales of less than $100,000 was made by a process 
essentially equivalent to stratifying the farms in the sample by 



size of farm. The purpose of this adjustment was to improve 
the reliability of the estimates based on the sample and to reduce 
the effects of possible biases introduced by enumerators who de- 
viated from the prescribed procedure for selecting the sample 
farms. The adjustment procedure was carried out for "blocks" 
of counties, each consisting of from one to ten counties in a State. 
To adjust the sample, separate counts were made for each county, 
and for the block of counties of all farms and of farms in the 
sample for each of 10 size-of-farm groups based on the "acres 
in this place" (question 7). The 10 size-of-farm groups were as 
follows : under 10 acres, 10 to 49 acres, 50 to 69 acres, 70 to 99 
acres, 100 to 139 acres, 140 to 179 acres, 180 to 219 acres, 220 
to 259 acres, 260 to 499 acres, and 500 to 999 acres. Farms of less 
than 1,000 acres, but with value of sales of $100,000 or more, 
were excluded from these counts. For each size-of-farm group, 
the number of farms in the sample for the block of counties was 
adjusted to make it equal or approximately equal to the total 
number of farms divided by five. This was accomplished for 
each group by the elimination or duplication on a random basis, 
of farms in those counties where the difference between the 
actual proportion in the sample and the expected 20 percent was 
in the same direction as the difference for the block of counties. 
Estimation of Totals for the Sample. — For the items Included 
in the sample part of the questionnaire (sections IX through 
XV ) , estimated totals for all farms were derived from the tabu- 
lated totals for the farms in the adjusted sample. First, item-by- 
item totals, as tabulated for that part of the sample comprising 
farms of less than 1,000 acres and with estimated sales of less 
than $100,000, were multiplied by 5. These estimated item-by- 
item totals were then added to the corresponding item totals, as 
tabulated, for all farms of 1,000 acres and over and farms with 
estimated sales of $100,000 and over. The resulting values 
represent the estimated totals for all farms. 

Presentation of Sample Data. — In tables where a small amount 
of data based on the sample farms is presented together with 
data for all farms, the data based on the sample are printed in 
italics. Other tables contain headnotes explaining that most 
of the data are estimates based on reports for only a sample 
of farms. 

Reliability of Estimates. — The estimated totals for all farms of 
the items enumerated for only the sample farms are subject 
to sampling errors. The estimated totals obtained by making 
tabulations for only the farms included in the sample are also 
subject to sampling errors. State tables 23 and 24 contain ap- 
proximate measures of the sampling reliability of the estimates 
for numbers of farms reporting and for item totals. While these 
measures indicate the general level of sampling reliability of the 
estimates, they do not completely reflect errors arising from 
sources other than sampling ; for example, errors in the original 
data reported by farmers. Errors arising from sources other than 
sampling may, in some instances, be relatively more important 
than sampling variation, especially for county totals. 

The general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals 
may be determined from the data in State tables 23 and 24. State 
table 24 contains a list of items, together with a figure for each 
item indicating one of the four levels of sampling reliability that 
are presented in State table 23. For each item the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be de- 
termined from State table 23, in the column for the level of 
sampling reliability designated in State table 24. To determine 
the sampling reliability for any item, reference must be made to 
State table 24 to find out which of the four levels of sampling 
reliability given in State table 23 should be used, and also the 
appropriate county or State table to obtain the number of farms 
reporting the item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



As explained in State table 23, tbe level of sampling reliability 
designated as level 1 should always be used to determine tbe 
sampling reliability of estimated numbers of farms or of farms 
reporting. 

State table 23 shows percentage limits sucb tbat chances are 
about 68 out of 100 that the difference between an estimate based 
on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained from 
a tabulation of all farms would be no more than the percentage 
specified for the estimated number of farms reporting that item. 
The chances are about 99 out of 100 that the difference would be 
less than 2% times the percentage specified. 

As indicated by the percentages in State table 23, the smaller 
the number of farms reporting a given item, the larger the relative 
sampling error in the estimated total for that item. Even so, 
considerable detail is presented for each item, by several classifi- 
cations of farms, in order to permit the appraisal of estimates 
for various combinations of items not shown in this report. Per- 
centages and averages that may be derived from the tables will 
generally have greater relative reliability than the corresponding 
estimated totals. However, significant patterns of relationships 
may be observed in the estimated totals even though the Indi- 
vidual data are subject to relatively large sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample of farms 
for the 1954 census were obtained in essentially the same way as 
in 1959. Therefore, State tables 23 and 24 may also be used to 
determine the sampling errors for the 1954 data. 

Differences in Data Resulting From Differences in Tabulating 
Procedures. — Many of the figures in the detailed State tables rep- 
resent estimates obtained by tabulating only tbe sample farms. 
The totals for these detailed distributions will generally differ 
somewhat from totals presented in other tables obtained from 
different distributions which were tabulated on a 100 percent 
basis. Moreover, although most of the figures presented by coun- 
ties were obtained from tabulations of all farms, the data in 
county table 4 for commercial farms, and all of the data in the 
county tables on dairy products and livestock sold, fertilizer and 
lime, farm expenditures, land-use practices, farm labor, facilities 
and equipment, and value of land and buildings were estimated 
for each county on the basis of data tabulated for the farms in 
the sample. The State totals In the county tables for these items, 
though based also on the sample, were obtained in a different 
series of tabulating runs, and so may differ slightly from totals 
presented in some State tables. For reasons of economy the 
sample distributions were not adjusted to the 100 percent totals 
even when such totals were available, nor were slight discrepan- 
cies resulting from different runs of the sample data always rec- 
onciled unless the differences were large enough to affect the 
usefulness or reliability of the data. 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of Enumeration. — As an enumerator completed his 
assignment, he turned the portfolio containing questionnaires and 
other census materials over to his crew leader. After making 
a final review of the enumerator's work, the crew leader mailed 
the portfolio to the Agriculture Processing Office at Parsons, 
Kansas. There, each enumerator portfolio was thoroughly 
checked for completeness of all required forms and for correct 
application of the sampling procedure. 

Editing of Questionnaires. — Each agriculture questionnaire was 
Individually edited and coded before the information was trans- 
ferred to punch cards and tabulated. As the first major step in 
the editing process, questionnaires that did not represent farms 
according to the census definition were withdrawn from fur- 



ther processing. (See p. XIV.) As the second major step, the 
remaining questionnaires were examined for errors, omissions, 
and inconsistencies. Among the specific items subjected to con- 
sistency checks were the following : 

a. Total acreage compared with Its distribution by use. 

b. Acreage of individual crops harvested compared with total 
cropland harvested. 

c. Irrigated acreage compared with total acres In the farm. 

d. Total acreage of individual crops for all purposes compared 
with the acreage harvested for specific purposes. 

e. Quantity of crops harvested in relation to acreage harvested. 

f. Sales in relation to production and, for livestock, to inven- 
tories. 

g. Total livestock compared with the inventory by age and sex. 
h. Expenditures compared with production and inventories. 

Obvious errors in calculations or in units of measure, and 
misplaced entries were corrected as they were found. Entries 
not clearly legible were rewritten. Many omissions or incon- 
sistencies were disregarded during editing. Those of significant 
magnitude could be and were handled more efficiently and eco- 
nomically during mechanical processing operations. Question- 
naires containing major inconsistencies and omissions were re- 
ferred to members of the technical staff for review. Depending 
on the magnitude of the data involved, the technical staff cor- 
rected (or supervised the correction of) the questionnaires either 
on the basis of information reported for other farms of similar 
type in the area or on the basis of additional information re- 
ceived In response to letters directed to the farm operators. 

Coding of Questionnaires. — Most of the numerical information 
on a questionnaire was self-coding in that the inquiry number 
was utilized for the item identification on punch cards or on 
tabulations runs. However, some manual coding was also neces- 
sary for such items as irrigated crops for selected States, crops 
infrequently reported, miscellaneous poultry, etc. Code numbers 
were entered on questionnaires to classify farms and, in some 
cases, to identify data for individual items. All farms were coded 
by size of farm in terms of total acreage, by race, and by tenure 
of operator. Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, and 
Hawaii were also coded on the basis of irrigated cropland and 
irrigated pasture. Additional codes were applied to all farms 
included in the sample to classify them by type of farm and by 
total value of agricultural products sold. Individual items were 
coded only where reports were received for crops or poultry not 
covered by separate inquiries on the questionnaire. This coding 
was necessary to assure inclusion of the data in the appropriate 
farm product totals. 

Tabulation of Data. — After the questionnaires were edited and 
coded, the information on them was punched on cards. The cards 
were then mechanically sorted and fed into machines which 
transferred the data to tabulation sheets. One of the initial 
and primary steps in the machine handling of the punch cards 
was to separate and list those cards which lacked necessary in- 
formation, those which contained inconsistent or Impossible data, 
and those on which the data were possible but of such magnitude 
that a further review of the individual questionnaires was war- 
ranted. The listing sheets were examined and, as necessary, the 
cards were corrected. When the cards for a particular county 
were considered satisfactory, the data were tabulated. 

Subject-matter specialists of the Bureau and the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture examined all tabulations for reasonableness 
and consistency. As necessary, they made corrections on the basis 
of a further review and reappraisal of the original reports and 
verification of the editing, coding, and punching. 



XIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical Content of This Report. — This report is part of Vol- 
ume I of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. Volume I consists of 
54 parts, each part containing information about agriculture for 
a single State, Commonwealth, or Possession. Each part con- 
tains county data for that particular State or area. The term 
"county," as used in this report embraces election districts in 
Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, municipios (municipalities) in 
Puerto Rico, etc. The statistics for 1959 were obtained from the 
Census of Agriculture taken in the "conterminous United States" 
(see following paragraph), Hawaii, and Puerto Rico during the 
period October 1959 to January 1960 and in Alaska, American 
Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands as of April 1, 1960. Compara- 
tive data for years prior to 1959 were obtained from earlier 
censuses. 

In the planning of the publications for the 1960 Censuses of 
Population and Housing and the 1959 Census of Agriculture, the 
term "conterminous United States," recommended by the Board 
of Geographic Names to designate the 48-State area as it ex- 
isted before Alaska and Hawaii became States, was adopted by 
the Bureau of the Census. 

The definitions and explanations in this introduction for vol- 
ume I generally have application broad enough to include the 
States of Alaska and Hawaii, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico and the island possessions. However, specific application 
in many instances may be limited to the conterminous United 
States; for example, references to earlier censuses, to the sam- 
pling methods and procedures, to specific sections or questions on 
the questionnaires, and to specific table numbers. 

For each part of volume I (one part for each State or area), 
a facsimile of the appropriate questionnaire is reproduced in 
the appendix. 

The statistics for States and counties are presented according 
to the same general plan as was followed in the volume I re- 
ports for the 1954 and the 1950 censuses. State and county totals 
are given for nearly all items for which information was ob- 
tained in the 1959 census. However, most of the data by eco- 
nomic class of farm, type of farm, and color and tenure of farm 
operator are given only for States. 

Comparative data for the States are given for each census 
year beginning with 1920. Comparative data for counties are 
given for the years 1959 and 1954. For some items, the data 
obtained from the 1959 census are the only ones available. For 
comparative purposes 1950 data are carried in county table 6 
for the kind of road on which farms were located. 

Comparability of Data. — The data obtained from the various 
censuses of agriculture are not strictly comparable for all items. 
For example, differences from one census to another in the time 
of enumeration, the wording of the questions, and the definition 
of a farm cause some lack of comparability. Differences con- 
sidered to have a significant effect on the comparability of data 
are described in the text and/or mentioned in footnotes to the 
tables. 

Minor Civil Divisions. — As in prior censuses, data for most of 
the items included in the 1959 Census of Agriculture were tabu- 
lated for minor civil divisions. The term "minor civil division" 
applies to the primary subdivision of a county into smaller geo- 
graphic areas such as townships, precincts, districts, wards, 
beats, municipalities, etc. Figures for these smaller geographic 
areas are not included in any of the published reports, but they 
may be supplied upon request and payment of the costs of com- 
piling and checking the data. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration assignment did not 
include more than one minor civil division, even in cases where 
the township, precinct, etc., did not have enough farms to provide 
a full workload for an enumerator. In 1954, and again in 1959, 



the aim waa to make enumeration assignments large enough to 
keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 3- to 4-week 
period. Hence, in some areas, two or more adjoining minor civil 
divisions were combined Into one enumeration assignment. An 
enumeration assignment never comprised the whole of one minor 
civil division and a part of another, nor a part of two or more 
minor civil divisions. A minor civil division that included too 
many farms for one enumerator to cover during the enumeration 
period was divided into two or more enumeration assignments. 

In some cases, the minor civil division tabulations provide totals 
for a single minor civil division, even when such totals required 
a grouping of enumeration assignments. In other cases, the minor 
civil division tabulations provide totals for a combination of 
two or more adjoining minor civil divisions. The data for each 
individual minor civil division included in such totals can be tab- 
ulated separately, however, since each questionnaire obtained in 
the census contains the designation of the minor civil division in 
which the farm headquarters was located. An additional charge 
must be made for a separate tabulation of any small area in- 
cluded in a total for two or more combined minor civil divisions. 

Requests for census information for minor civil divisions should 
be directed to the Agriculture Division, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D.C. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive Summary and References. — The definitions and ex- 
planations that follow relate only to those items that are con- 
sidered to be inadequately described in the tables where they 
appear. Although the descriptive terms and explanations refer 
specifically to the 1959 Census of Agriculture, many of them also 
apply to earlier censuses. Most of the definitions consist of a 
resumS of the questionnaire wording, supplemented by excerpts 
from instructions given to enumerators. For exact wording of 
the questions and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, see the facsimile of the 1959 Agriculture Questionnaire in 
the appendix of this report. 

An analysis of the questions asked in the 1959 census, and of 
the data obtained, is given in Volume II, General Report, Statis- 
tics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. The 
general report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Census Definition of a Farm. — For the 1959 Census of Agricul- 
ture, the definition of a farm was based primarily on a combina- 
tion of "acres in the place" and the estimated value of agricultural 
products sold. 

The word "place" was defined to include all land on which 
agricultural operations were conducted at any time in 1959 under 
the control or supervision of one person or partnership. (For 
definition of "agricultural operations", see p. X.) Control may 
have been exercised through ownership or management, or 
through a lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

Places of less than 10 acres in 1959 were counted as farms if 
the estimated sales of agricultural products for the year amounted 
to at least $250. Places of 10 or more acres in 1959 were counted 
as farms if the estimated sales of agricultural products for the 
year amounted to at least $50. Places having less than the $50 
or $250 minimum estimated sales in 1959 were also counted as 
farms if they could normally be expected to produce agricultural 
products in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of the 
definition. This additional qualification resulted in the inclusion 
as farms of some places engaged in farming operations for the 
first time in 1959 and places affected by crop failure or other 
unusual conditions. 

To avoid biases arising from an enumerator's personal judg- 
ment and opinion, the Bureau did not give enumerators the defini- 



INTRODUCTION 



XV 



tlon of a farm. Instead, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
questionnaires for all places considered farms by their operators 
and for all other places that had one or more agricultural opera- 
tions. (See "Agricultural Operations", p. X.) In 1954, enumer- 
ators were instructed to fill questionnaires on the same basis as 
in 1959. In 1950, agricultural operations were defined to include 
every place of 3 or more acres, whether or not the operator con- 
sidered it a farm, and every place having "specialized operations", 
regardless of the acreage. "Specialized operations" referred to 
nurseries and greenhouses and to places having 100 or more 
poultry, production of 300 or more dozen eggs in 1949, or 3 or 
more hives of bees. In all of the three last censuses, as a result, 
questionnaires were filled for a considerable number of places 
that did not qualify as farms. The determination as to which 
questionnaires represented farms was made during office process- 
ing operations and only those questionnaires meeting the criteria 
for a farm were included in the tabulations. 

For both the 1950 and 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, places of 
3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of 
agricultural products, whether for home use or for sale but ex- 
clusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only if the 
annual sales of agricultural products amounted to $150 or more. 
A few places with very low agricultural production because of 
unusual circumstances, such as crop failure, were also counted as 
farms if they normally could have been expected to meet the 
minimum value or sales criteria. 

In the censuses from 1925 to 1945, enumerators were given a 
definition of "farm" and were instructed to obtain reports only 
for those places which met the criteria. According to this defini- 
tion, farms included all places of 3 or more acres, regardless of 
the quantity or value of agricultural production, and places of 
less than 3 acres if the value of agricultural products, whether 
for home use or for sale, amounted to $250 or more. Because of 
changes in price level, the $250 minimum resulted in the in- 
clusion of varying numbers of farms of less than 3 acres in the 
several censuses taken during this period. Generally, the only 
reports excluded from tabulation were those taken in error and 
those showing very limited agricultural production, such as only 
a small home garden, a few fruit trees, a small flock of chickens, 
etc. In 1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more were tabulated 
only if at least 3 acres were in cropland and/or pasture or if the 
value of products in 1944 amounted to at least $150. 

The decrease in the number of farms in 1950 and 1954, as com- 
pared with earlier censuses, was partly due to the change in 
farm definition, especially with respect to farms of 3 or more 
acres in size. Some of the places of 3 or more acres that were 
not counted as farms in 1950 and 1954 because the value of their 
agricultural production was less than $150 would have qualified 
as farms If the criteria had been the same as in earlier censuses. 

For 1959, the decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with all prior censuses resulted partly from the change in farm 
definition. The fact that sales of agricultural products in 1959 
was used resulted in the exclusion of some places that would 
have qualified as farms had the value of agricultural products 
alone been considered. The increase in the acreage minimum 
also had an effect. The reduction in the number of farms due 
to change in definition, 1954 to 1959, is shown for each county 
In county table 1. Some characteristics of the places not counted 
as farms in 1959, but which would have been included in 1954, 
are shown in State table 10. 

The change in farm definition made in 1950 and again in 1959 
had no appreciable effect on the totals for livestock or crops 
because the places affected by the change ordinarily accounted 
for less than 1 percent of the totals for a given county or State. 

For the States that comprise the conterminous United States, 
two figures are published for each county on the number of farms 



in 1959. One is an actual count of all farms and the other is an 
estimate based on the number of farms included in the sample. 
For almost every county there is a difference between the actual 
number of farms and the estimated number of farms. Because 
of sampling procedure and sampling variability, the number of 
farms in the sample seldom agrees exactly with the actual num- 
ber of farms. For most counties, the actual number of farms 
in the sample was either more or less than precisely 20 percent 
of all farms. Similarly, totals estimated on the basis of data 
for the sample farms may be slightly more or slightly less than 
the actual totals that would have been obtained had the data 
been tabulated for all farms. Therefore, the estimated number 
of farms reporting certain items may, in some instances, be 
greater than the total number of farms shown in county table 1. 
However, the estimated number of farms is given in county 
tables 5 and 6 so that estimates based on the sample farms may 
be related to the estimated rather than the actual number of 
farms. 

Farm Operator. — The term "farm operator" is used to designate 
a person who operates a farm, either doing the work himself or 
directly supervising the work. He may be the owner, a member of 
the owner's household, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land worked on 
shares by others, he is considered as operator only of the land 
which he retains for his own operation. In the case of a partner- 
ship, only one partner is counted as an operator. The number of 
farm operators is considered to be the same as the number of 
farms. 

Farms Reporting or Operators Reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or operators, for which the speci- 
fied item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 farms 
in a county and only 1,465 had chickens 4 months old and over 
on hand at the time of enumeration, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be shown as 1,465. The difference be- 
tween the total number of farms and the number of farms re- 
porting a particular item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided a correct report was received for all 
farms. 

Where applicable, figures may be given for the number of farms 
or operators not reporting items that were intended to be ob- 
tained for all farms; for example, residence of farm operator, 
State table 4. The number not reporting, as compared with the 
total number of farms or operators, indicates the extent of 
incompleteness of the reporting of the data for the item. 

land Area. — The approximate total land area of States and 
counties as reported for 1959 is, in general, the same as that re- 
ported for all censuses beginning with 1940. Such differences as 
are shown reflect political changes in boundaries or actual changes 
in land area caused by changes in the number or size of reser- 
voirs, lakes, streams, etc. For Alaska, the areas for election 
districts represent the gross area of land and water. 

land in Farms. — Except for managed farms, the land to be in- 
cluded in each farm was determined from the answers to ques- 
tions about the number of acres owned, the number of acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and the number of 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres 
owned and the acres rented from others or worked on shares for 
others were first added together and then the acres rented to 
others or worked on shares by others were subtracted. The re- 
sult represented the number of acres in the farm. The number of 
acres in a managed farm was the difference between the total 
land managed and that part of the managed land that was rented 
to others or worked on shares by others. 

In the 1959, 1954, and 1950 censuses, enumerators were in- 
structed to record total figures for land owned, land rented from 
others, and land managed for others, including any part of the 
land that was rented to others. In censuses prior to 1950, enu- 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



merators were instructed to exclude all land rented to others and 
to record only that portion of the acreage owned, rented from 
others, or managed for others that was retained by the farm op- 
erator. Thus, the figures for the individual tenures of land are 
not entirely comparable for all censuses. However, the land in- 
cluded in each farm was determined on essentially the same basis 
for all censuses. 

The acreage designated in the tables as "land in farms" consists 
primarily of "agricultural" land — that is, land used for crops 
and pasture or grazing. It also includes considerable areas of 
land not actually under cultivation nor used for pasture or graz- 
ing. For example, the entire acreage of woodland and wasteland 
owned or rented by farm operators is included as land in farms, 
unless it was being held for nonagricultural purposes or unless 
the acreage was unusually large. For 1959 and 1954, if a place 
had 1,000 or more acres of woodland not pastured and wasteland, 
and if less than 10 percent of the total acreage in the place was 
used for agricultural purposes, the acreage of woodland not pas- 
tured and wasteland was reduced to equal the acreage used for 
agriculture. The procedure used in 1950 for excluding unusually 
large acreages of woodland not pastured and wasteland differed 
slightly from the one used in 1959 and 1954. In 1950, adjustments 
were made in places of 1,000 or more acres (5,000 or more in the 
17 Western States) , if less than 10 percent of the total acreage was 
used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under government 
permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms 
provided the place of which it was a part was a farm. Grazing 
land operated by Grazing Associations was to be reported in the 
name of the person chiefly responsible for conducting the business 
of the Association. Land used rent free was to be reported as 
land rented from others. All land in Indian reservations that 
was used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be in- 
cluded. Land in Indian reservations that was not reported by 
individual Indians and that was not rented to non-Indians was 
to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the 
land. In some instances, an entire Indian reservation was re- 
ported as one farm. 

Land owned. — All land that the operator and/or his wife 
held under title, purchase contract, homestead law, or as heir 
or trustee of an undivided estate at the time of enumeration is 
considered as owned. 

Land Rented from Others. — This item includes not only land 
that the operator rented or leased from others but also land 
he worked on shares for others and land he occupied rent free. 
Grazing land used under government permit or license is not 
included. 

Land Rented to Others. — This item includes all land rented or 
leased to others, except land leased to the government under the 
Soil Bank, and all land worked by others on shares or on a 
rent-free basis. For the most part, the land rented to others 
represents agricultural land but it also includes land rented 
for residential or other purposes. The tenant or sharecropper 
is considered as the operator of land leased, rented, or worked 
on shares even though his landlord may supervise his opera- 
tions. The landlord is considered as operator of only that por- 
tion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land Managed. — -This item includes all tracts of land man- 
aged for one or more employers by a person hired on a salary 
basis. A hired manager was considered to be the operator of 
the land he managed since he was responsible for the agricul- 
tural operations on that land and frequently supervised others 
in performing those operations. Managed land was always to 
be reported on a separate questionnaire whether or not the 
manager also operated a farm on his own account. 

Land in Two or More Counties. — An individual farm was al- 
ways enumerated in only one county, even in eases where the 
land was located in two or more counties. If the farm operator 
lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated in the county where 
he lived. If he did not live on the farm, the figures for the 
farm were tabulated for the county where the farm head- 
quarters was located. In cases where there was any question as 
to the location of the headquarters, figures for the farm were 
tabulated for the county where most of the land was located. 



Land in Farms According to Use. — Land in farms has been 
distributed according to the way in which it was used in 1959. 
The land uses described in the following paragraphs are mutually 
exclusive; that is, each acre of land is included only once even 
though it may have had more than one use during the year. 

Cropland Harvested. — This category refers to all land from 
which any crops were harvested in 1959, whether for home use 
or for sale. It includes land from which hay (including wild 
hay) was cut and land in berries and other small fruits, or- 
chards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Matured crops 
hogged off or grazed were considered to have been "crops har- 
vested" and were reported here. Land from which two or 
more crops were harvested in 1959 was to be counted only once 
in the land-use classification. Land used for other purposes 
either before or after the crops were harvested was to be re- 
ported as cropland harvested, without regard to the other uses. 
The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the 
individual crops and subtracting the acreages from which two 
or more crops were harvested. This checking procedure was 
repeated during the office processing of questionnaires for all 
farms having 100 or more acres of cropland harvested. 

Cropland used only for Pasture. — This land-use classification 
includes rotation pasture and all other land used only for pas- 
ture or grazing that the operator considered could have been 
used for crops without additional Improvement. Enumerators 
were instructed to include land planted to crops that were 
hogged off, pastured, or grazed before maturity but to exclude 
land pastured before or after hay or other crops were harvested 
from it. Permanent open pasture may have been reported 
either for this item or for "other pasture" depending on whether 
or not the operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last three censuses. For 1945, 
the figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for 1940, 1935, and 1925 are more nearly comparable 
with those for 1959, 1954, and 1950, however, because they in- 
clude land pastured that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating. 

Cropland not Harvested and not Pastured. — This classification 
represents a total of three subclasses for the 17 Western States 
and two subclasses for other States. 

Cultivated Summer Fallow. — This subclass of land is shown 
only for the 17 Western States. It refers to cropland that 
was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for the 1959 
harvest in order to control weeds and conserve moisture. 

Soil Improvement Grasses and Legumes. — For the 1959 cen- 
sus, land used only for cover crops to control erosion or to 
be plowed under for green manure is tabulated separately 
from "other cropland". After the establishment of the Soil 
Bank, land that would normally have been used for other 
purposes was frequently planted to soil-improvement crops. 
In counties where large acreages were placed in the Soil 
Bank, the total of land used for soil-improvement crops plus 
"other cropland" may be considerably larger than the "other 
cropland" shown for previous censuses. 

Other Cropland. — This subclass includes idle cropland, land 
in crops intended for harvest after 1959, and cropland not 
harvested because of complete crop failure, low prices, labor 
shortage, or other reasons. The 1959 figures for "other 
cropland" are not entirely comparable with those for previ- 
ous censuses since they do not include land used only for 
soil-improvement crops. (See preceding paragraph.) 
Woodland Pastured. — This classification includes all wood- 
land where livestock were pastured or grazed in 1959. The 
instruction on the questionnaire — "Include as woodland all 
wood lots and timber tracts; cutover and deforested land 
which has value for wood products and has not been improved 
for pasture"— represents a somewhat more precise definition 
than the corresponding instruction contained on the 1954 ques- 
tionnaire. No definition of woodland was given in 1950 apart 
from an instruction to enumerators not to include brush pas- 
ture as woodland. Some of the changes in woodland acreages 
from one census to another may merely represent differences 
in interpretation as to what constitutes "woodland." 

Woodland 'not Pastured. — This classification refers to all 
woodland not used for pasture or grazing in 1959, including 
land in operated farms that was placed in the Soil Bank and 
planted to trees. Unusually large tracts of timberland that 
were reported as woodland not pastured were excluded from 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



the tabulation of land In farms when it was evident that such 
land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 

Other Pasture. — This classification refers to all land other 
than woodland and cropland that was used only for pasture 
or grazing in 1959. It Includes noncrop open or brush pasture 
and cutover or deforested land that has been Improved and 
u°~d for pasture. The figures for the last three censuses are 
^cuparable bat those for 1945 include all nonwoodland pas- 
ture that had not been plowed during the preceding seven 
years. For the 1940 census and earlier years, the figures are 
more nearly comparable with those for the last three censuses. 
However, the classification may be somewhat less Inclusive 
because land that could have been plowed and used for crops 
without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was classi- 
fied as plowable pasture and included with "cropland used 
only for pasture". 

Improved Pasture. — This subclass refers to that portion of 
"other pasture" on which one or more of the following prac- 
tices had been used : liming, fertilizing, seeding, irrigating, 
draining, or the clearing of weed or brush growth. The fig- 
ures are comparable with those for 1954, when the question 
on improved pasture was asked for the first time. 
Other land. — This classification refers to all land not in- 
cluded in the preceding land-use classifications, such as house 
lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, land area of ponds, and 
wasteland. This figure for 1959 was obtained from the ma- 
chine tabulations by subtracting the total of all other uses 
from the total land in all farms reported for a given county 
or classification. Hence, there is no figure given to represent 
the farms reporting this Item. 

Value of Land and Buildings. — Only average values of land 
and buildings per farm and per acre are presented in this report. 
They are estimates based on data obtained for sample farms. 
Estimates of the total value of land and buildings by States, 
geographic divisions, and the United States, are presented in 
volume II. 

The enumerator was instructed to record the market value of 
the land and the buildings on that land. Market value was defined 
as the price which the farm operator would expect to receive for 
the land and buildings If he were to sell them on the day of 
enumeration. 

More problems and difficulties arise in the enumeration of farm- 
real-estate values than in the enumeration of most other agri- 
cultural items. Most of the items enumerated require the re- 
spondent to make a statement of fact. For example, information 
about the number and value of farm animals sold alive during the 
year is based on actual transactions. Similarly, information about 
livestock inventories relates to the situation existing on a spe- 
cific place at a specific time. Reports concerning the value of 
land and buildings, however, are estimates based almost entirely 
on opinion. The majority of farms have not changed hands for 
many years and are not currently for sale. For such farms, the 
operators are not likely to have any clear basis for estimating the 
value. To make an intelligent and objective estimate, a respond- 
ent first needs to make an estimate of the prevailing average 
market value of farms in his community. Then, he must either 
add to or subtract from that estimate to allow for the different 
characteristics of his own farm. In many cases, an operator who 
would not sell his farm under any circumstances may report an 
unreasonably high market value. In other cases, a farm operator 
who acquired his real estate during a period of relatively low 
prices may estimate an unrealistically low value by current stand- 
ards. Because of the extent of variation that is known to exist 
in real estate values, it is difficult to devise checking procedures 
that will identify inaccurate estimates. 

Age of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was derived 
from the sum of the ages of all farm operators reporting age 
divided by the number reporting. The number of farm operators 
65 or more years of age is an actual count based on the operators 
reporting age. 



Residence of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by resi- 
dence according to whether or not they lived on the farms they 
were operating. Some of those who did not live on the farms 
they operated themselves lived on farms operated by others. In 
cases where all the land was rented from others or worked on 
shares for others, the operator was considered to live on the farm 
operated provided the dwelling he occupied was Included In the 
rental agreement. The dwelling, In such cases, was not neces- 
sarily on the land being operated. Similarly, a farm operator 
who did not live on the land being cultivated or grazed but who 
had some agricultural operations (other than a home garden) 
at his dwelling was considered as living on the farm operated. 

Since some farm operators live on their farms only during 
a part of the year, comparability of the figures for various cen- 
suses may be affected by the date of enumeration. 

In a few cases, the enumerator failed to report the residence of 
the farm operator. Differences between the total number of 
farms and the number of farm operators classified by residence 
indicate the extent of under-reporting. 

Year Began Operating Present Farm. — Enumerators were in- 
structed to report the year during which a farm operator began 
to operate his present farm and, if the year was 1958 or later, 
also to report the month. The year was intended to refer to the 
first year of the period during which the operator had been In 
continuous charge of his present farm or of any part of it. The 
time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began operating their farms, as shown by a monthly breakdown 
of the reports for farmers who began operating their present 
farms during 1958 and 1959. 

Off-Farm Work and Other Income. — To obtain a measure of the 
extent to which farm operators rely on nonf arm sources for part 
of their income, four questions were asked of all farm operators. 
The first question asked for the number of days the operator 
worked off his farm in 1959. The other three questions, to be 
answered "Yes" or "No," asked (1) whether other members of the 
operator's household did any work off the farm ; (2) whether any 
income was received from sources other than the sale of agri- 
cultural products from the farm operated; and (3) whether the 
combined income of all members of the household from off-farm 
work and other sources was greater than the total value of agri- 
cultural products sold from the farm operated. 

Off-farm work was defined to include work on someone else's 
farm for pay as well as all types of nonfarm jobs, businesses, and 
professions, whether the work was done on the farm premises or 
elsewhere. Exchange work was not included. 

The questions asked in the 1959 Census are closely comparable 
with those asked in 1954. The data for 1959 are actual totals of 
all operators reporting off-farm work and other income whereas 
those for 1954 are estimated totals based on the sample. 

Equipment and Facilities. — In 1959 as in several earlier cen- 
suses, data about specified equipment and facilities were obtained 
for only a sample of farms. Farm operators were asked to report 
equipment and facilities that were on the farm at the time of enu- 
meration, regardless of ownership. They were to include items 
that were temporarily out of order but not any that were worn 
out. 

Data in terms of actual number were obtained for the follow- 
ing items of farm equipment in 1959 : (1) grain combines, (2) corn 
pickers, (3) pick-up balers, (4) field forage harvesters, (5) mo- 
tortrucks, (6) wheel tractors, (7) garden tractors, (8) crawler 
tractors, and (9) automobiles. Definitions given enumerators in- 
cluded the following specifications, among others : Corn pickers 
related to all types of machines used for picking corn, whether 
used in separate or in combined picking-shelling operations. 
Pick-up balers were to include both hand-tie and automatic balers 
but not stationary ones. Motortrucks were to include pick-up 
trucks and truck-trailer combinations; jeeps and station wagons 



xvni 



UNITED STATES C UUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



were also to be included If they were used primarily as trucks, 
but school buses were specifically excluded. Wheel tractors spe- 
cifically excluded garden tractors, implements with built-in power 
units, such as self-propelled combines or powered buck rakes, and 
the power unit of a truck-trailer combination. Automobiles were 
to include Jeeps and station wagons if they were used primarily 
as passenger cars. 

Questions to be answered "Yes" or "No" provided information 
as to the presence or absence of the following items: (1) tele- 
phone, (2) home freezer, (3) milking machine, (4) electric milk 
cooler, (5) bulk-type milk cooler (in six States only — Michigan, 
Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), 
(6) crop drier and (7) power-operated elevator, conveyor, or 
blower. 

Comparable data from one census to another are not available 
for all items. The questions asked about equipment during a 
given census reflect changes in farm mechanization and in the 
facilities available to farm families. Questions about some items 
of equipment were asked In 1959 for the first time (electric milk 
cooler, crop drier, bulk-type milk cooler, etc.). Similarly, some 
questions that were asked in earlier censuses were omitted in 
1959. For example, the use of electricity is now so widespread 
that there is no longer any need for obtaining a count of the 
farms having it. 

Farms by Kind of Road. — The classification of farms by the kind 
of road on which they are located is based on only a sample of 
farms. The enumerator was instructed to report, on the basis 
of his own observation, the kind of road on which the most 
frequently used entrance to the farm was located. For farms 
consisting of two or more tracts, he was to limit his report to the 
tract on which the farm operator had his dwelling or other 
headquarters. 

Farm Labor. — The questions about farm labor were asked only 
for the sample farms and related to persons working during 
the calendar week preceding the week of enumeration. Since 
the enumeration starting dates varied by geographic areas, and 
the enumeration within each area lasted over a period of several 
weeks, the calendar weeks to which the data apply also vary. 
Thus, the data for an individual farm may relate to any one 
week during the months of October, November, or December, or 
even, in a few instances, to weeks during September 1959 or 
January 1960. 

Farm labor was defined to include any work, chores, or planning 
necessary to the agricultural operations of the farm ; and to ex- 
clude housework, contract construction work, custom machine 
work, and repair, installation, or construction work done by per- 
sons employed specifically for such work. The farm labor in- 
formation contained in this report represents estimates based on 
answers to questions relating to the farm work or chores done 
during the week by (1) operator, (2) unpaid members of the 
operator's family, and (3) hired persons. An operator was 
considered as working if he worked one or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours ; and hired persons, if they worked at all during the week. 

Data are not fully comparable from one census to another, 
primarily because of differences in the period to which they relate. 
In 1954, the data were purposely related to either one of two 
calendar weeks, depending in part on the starting date set for 
the enumeration and in part on which week represented a period 
of peak employment within a given State. For the majority of 
States, the period specified was the week of September 26-October 
2 ; for other States, the week of October 24-30. 

In 1950, as in 1959, the data related to the week preceding the 
actual enumeration. Unlike 1959, however, enumeration starting 
dates were identical for all States in 1950 (April 1) but since 
several weeks were required to complete the enumeration, the 
calendar week preceding the enumeration was not identical for 



all farms. In 1945 and 1935, the number of farm workers related 
to the first week in January and, in 1940, to the last week in 
March. In 1945, 1940, and 1935, only persons working the equiv- 
alent of two or more days during the specified week were to be 
included. In 1945 and 1940, an additional specification limited 
the workers to those 14 years old and over. 

Experience gained from earlier censuses indicates that farm 
labor data are often unsatisfactorily reported unless the week 
specified is the week immediately preceding the actual enumer- 
ation. When a farm operator was asked to report the number of 
persons employed during a specified week that was several weeks 
prior to enumeration, he often reported the highest number of 
persons employed during the year. Obviously incorrect reports 
were adjusted to make the data reflect more nearly the situation 
known to exist during the specified week. The farm labor data 
for 1954 relates to a specified week which, in some cases, was sev- 
eral weeks prior to enumeration. Few adjustments were made 
in those data, however, even though there were indications of 
incorrect reporting. 

Regular and Seasonal Workers. — Hired persons working on 
the farm during the week concerned were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year. They were classed as "seasonal" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 
less than 150 days. In cases where the period of employment 
was not reported for an individual farm, it was estimated from 
data for such items as basis of payment, wage rates, expendi- 
tures for labor in 1959, and type of farming operations. 

Hired Workers by Basis of Payment. — Hired persons were 
also classified according to whether they were paid on a 
monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly basis, or by piecework. In 
cases of incomplete reporting, the basis of payment for hired 
workers was supplied during the office processing operations. 

Wage Rates and Hours Worked. — The agreed cash rate of pay 
was asked for each class of hired worker except those em- 
ployed on a piecework basis. (The number and the earnings of 
persons paid on a piecework basis were required for those who 
worked on Friday of the week preceding the enumeration.) 
The number of hours that workers were expected to work to 
earn their pay was asked for each class except those employed 
on an hourly or piecework basis. For 1959 and 1954, the data 
include office estimates for farms submitting incomplete reports 
of wage rates and hours worked. The estimates were consistent 
with the size and type of operations for the individual farm as 
compared with similar farms in the area for which complete 
reports were received. The corresponding data for 1950 apply 
only to farms that reported both wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and Lime. — The questions about fertilizer and lime, 
asked only for the sample farms, relate to the acreage on which 
fertilizer and lime were used and to the quantity used. Farm 
operators were asked to report total quantities used in 1959 on 
the farms they operated regardless of when or by whom the ferti- 
lizer and lime were purchased. In the South, some landlords 
who operated farms themselves included the fertilizer and lime 
they had purchased for use on their tenant-operated land. Such 
fertilizer and lime may also have been reported by the tenants. 
When double reporting was detected during the editing process, 
the data on the questionnaires concerned were adjusted to elim- 
inate duplication in the totals. 

The 1959 data for fertilizer and lime are entirely comparable 
with those for 1954. A breakdown between dry and liquid fer- 
tilizing materials was not obtained in 1954 and data on cost 
of either fertilizer or lime were not obtained in 1959. 

Fertilizer. — The report for fertilizer was to refer only to com- 
mercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials, including rock 
phosphate. The acres fertilized and the tons of fertilizer ap- 
plied to those acres were obtained separately for selected crops. 
The selected crops varied by region so that it was possible to 
obtain detailed data for the crops most commonly fertilized 
in each region. In cases where the same land was used for 
more than one crop, the acres fertilized were to be reported 
separately for each crop. If the same crop was fertilized 
more than once, however, the acres in that crop were to be 
reported only once. In all cases, the total quantity of fer- 



INTRODUCTION 



XDC 



tllizer used In 1959 was to be reported. Including quantities 
used on land occupied by crops planted in 1958 or by crops 
to be harvested in 1960. 

Reports for quantity of fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used were required for both dry and liquid materials. The 
terms "dry" and "liquid" referred to the form in which the 
fertilizers and fertilizing materials were purchased and not 
to the way in which they were applied. Thus, dry fertilizers 
were those purchased in dry or solid form, as powders, dusts, 
granules, pellets, etc. ; liquid fertilizers were those purchased 
in fluid form, as solutions or as liquefied gases. 

Lime. — The data for lime relate to the total acreage limed in 
1959 and the total tonnage of lime and liming materials used 
on those acres for purposes of conditioning the soil. Instruc- 
tions on the questionnaire stated that ground limestone, hy- 
drated and burnt lime, marl, and oyster shells were to be 
included but that lime used for spraying or sanitation purposes 
was to be omitted. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table 
may be less than the tonnage reported for the Agriculture Con- 
servation Program or the Conservation Reserve Program of 
the Soil Bank. Differences may be due either to sampling 
error or to under-reporting by farm operators. Many of the 
differences are minimized or eliminated entirely in the data 
presented on a State or regional basis. 

Specified Farm Expenditures. — The data for farm expenditures 
are estimates based on reports obtained from the sample farms. 
The 1959 questionnaire contained questions for six items of farm 
expenditure: (1) purchase of feed for livestock and poultry, 
(2) purchase of livestock and poultry, (3) machine hire, 
(4) hired labor, (5) seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, and (6) gaso- 
line and other petroleum fuel and oil. With the exception of 
items (2) and (5), exactly the same questions were asked in 
1954. For each item specified, the total expenditures made for 
the farm in 1959 were to be reported, whether made by the 
farm operator, his landlord, or both. A farm operator who 
rented part of his land to others was to report only the ex- 
penditures for the land he operated himself. Enumerators were 
instructed to ask respondents who had difficulty estimating 
their expenses for the period between enumeration and the end 
of the year to estimate them on the basis of current costs. 

Feed. — The report on feed purchased for livestock and poultry 
was to include expenditures for grain, hay, millfeeds, pasture, 
salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements as 
well as for the grinding and mixing of feed. The estimated 
cost of items furnished by a landlord, contractor, or other 
owner for feeding poultry and livestock kept on the farm was 
also to be included. Payments made by a tenant to his land- 
lord for feed grown on the tenant farm were to be excluded. 

Livestock and Poultry. — The cost of baby chicks and turkey 
poults was to be included in the expenditures made for the 
purchase of livestock and poultry. Enumerators were in- 
structed to ask the farm operator to include the cost or esti- 
mated purchase value of poultry and livestock provided by 
others and cared for by the operator under a contract feeding 
arrangement. The cost of livestock purchased for resale within 
30 days was not to be included. A short-term transaction of 
that nature was considered to be a dealer operation, not an 
agricultural one. 

Data on the purchase of livestock and poultry were not ob- 
tained in 1954. The instructions for the 1950 census specified 
that expenditures for domestic rabbits, fur-bearing animals 
kept in captivity, and bees were to be included. Any lack of 
comparability in the 1950 and 1959 data resulting from inclu- 
sion or exclusion of rabbits, fur-bearing animals, or bees is 
considered to be so slight as to be insignificant. 

Machine Hire. — Expenditures for machine hire relate to cus- 
tom machine work, such as tractor hire, threshing, grain or 
seed combining, silo filling, baling, cotton picking, cotton gin- 
ning, corn picking, plowing, vegetable harvesting, fruit pick- 
ing, spraying, and dusting. Any amount spent for the labor 
included in the cost of machine hire was to be considered as 
part of the total expenditure. The cost of freight or trucking 
and exchange work without pay were to be omitted. 

Hired Labor. — Expenditures for hired labor were to include 
total cash payments made in 1959 to family members and to 
others for farm labor. Payments to persons supplied by a con- 
tractor or a cooperative organization and paid directly by 
them or by the crew boss were also to be included. Payments 



for the following types of work were to be excluded : house- 
work, contract construction work, custom machine work, and 
repair, installation, or construction work done by persons spe- 
cifically employed for such work. 

Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuel and Oil. — Expenditures for 
gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil were to relate only 
to the products used in the farm business. Enumerators were 
instructed to exclude the cost of petroleum products used 
for the family automobile when operated for other than farm 
business purposes and of products used in the farmhouse for 
heating, cooking, and lighting. 

Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, and Trees. — Expenditures were to repre- 
sent the total amount spent for seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 
to be used on the farm operated. The value of seed grown on 
the farm was to be excluded. For nurseries and greenhouses, 
the cost of products purchased for immediate resale was also 
to be excluded. 

This item of expenditure was not included in the 1954 Census. 
The data are comparable with those for 1950, however. 

Chops 

Crops Harvested. — The 1959 agriculture questionnaire was simi- 
lar to the questionnaire used in several previous censuses in 
that it provided for the collection of detailed data for all crops 
harvested on each individual farm. The variation in the crops 
listed on the questionnaires used in different States made pos- 
sible the separate reporting of all important crops grown in a 
given area. All versions of the questionnaire contained several 
"All other crops" questions where crops not specifically listed In 
separate questions were to be reported. 

Acreage of Crops Harvested. — In most instances, the acreage 
reported for individual crops represents the area harvested 
during 1959. The area harvested is often less than the area 
planted. For fruit orchards and groves, vineyards, and planted 
nut trees, the acreage reported represents the total area in 
both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of the date of 
enumeration — usually a date in October, November, or Decem- 
ber 1959. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the acreage 
grown for all purposes was reported as well as the acreage har- 
vested for specific purposes. For velvet beans, only the acreage 
grown was reported. As the enumeration was about to begin 
in South Florida (those counties in which the enumeration was 
begun on October 7), an instruction was Issued to the effect 
that the data for vegetables and potato crops should relate 
to a full year, beginning on October 1, 1958, and ending Sep- 
tember 30, 1959. 

Quantity of Crops Harvested. — Except for citrus fruits, olives, 
avocados, and for vegetable and potato crops in South Florida 
(see preceding paragraph) data for quantity harvested relate 
to the calendar year 1959. For citrus fruits, the quantity 
harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 1958-59 marketing 
season was to be reported. For olives, the crop harvested in 
1959 was to be reported for all States except California and 
Arizona. Enumerators in those two States were instructed to 
report olives harvested from the bloom of 1958 during the 1958- 
59 harvest season (September 15, 1958, to February 28, 1959). 
In the case of avocados, the data for California were to relate 
to the quantity harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 
marketing season that extended from October 1, 1958 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1959; the data for Florida were to relate to the 
crop harvested for the marketing season that extended from 
July 1, 1959, to February 28, 1960. Respondents were to 
estimate quantities not yet harvested at the time of 
enumeration. 

Unit of Measure. — The unit of measure in which quantities 
were to be reported has varied for some crops, not only from 
State to State, but also from census to census. The aim has 
been to permit reporting in the units of measure currently 
in use. In the State and county tables, the quantities harvested 
for each crop are usually expressed in the unit of measure 
given on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire. In 1959, for corn 
and Irish potatoes, a choice between two units in which to 
report the production was given in some States. (See the 
discussion for those crops.) To provide readily comparable 
information, data published in earlier reports in different units 
of measure generally have been converted to the units used in 
1959. 
Corn. — In the 1959 census, detailed questions regarding the 

purpose for which corn was harvested were asked in all States. 

For most States, bushels was the only unit specified for corn 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



for grain. In some areas, however, where farmers were not 
accustomed to using bushels as the unit of measure, the question- 
naire contained a provision for the quantity of corn for grain 
to be reported either in bushels (shelled basis) or in baskets of 
ear corn. As in former censuses, some reports were received 
in units of measure other than bushels or baskets. Prior to 
tabulation, all reports were converted to bushels (shelled basis) 
on the basis of the following factors: 70 pounds of ear corn, 
2 baskets of ears, or 56 pounds of shelled corn equal one bushel. 
A barrel of ear corn was usually considered equal to 5 bushels of 
shelled corn. 

Annual Legumes. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the 

acres and quantity grown or harvested for specific purposes, as 
well as the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained 
for areas where these crops are grown extensively ; for velvet- 
beans, only the total grown for all purposes was obtained. For 
all these crops except, possibly peanuts, the total acreage grown 
for all purposes includes some acreage that was plowed under 
for green manure. In a few Southern States, separate figures 
were obtained for the acres grown alone and the acres grown 
with other crops. In 1959, as in 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report green soybeans and blackeyes and other green 
cowpeas harvested for sale as vegetables and not as annual 
legumes. 

Hay Crops. — Data for the total acres of land from which hay 
was cut exclude the acreage in sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays. These crops were reported in separate questions 
in the States where they are important. To obtain the total 
acres from which other hays were cut, the acres of the various 
hay crops, including grass silage, were added together for each 
county. The corresponding totals for 1954 were obtained by 
the same procedure. For the 1950 census, however, the totals 
were based on farmers' own reports of their total acreage in 
harvested hay crops. 

The questionnaire contained an instruction that if two or more 
cuttings were made from the same land, the total production 
from all cuttings was to be reported but the acres cut were to 
be counted only once. In cases where both hay and grass silage 
were cut from the same land, the total acreage was to be reported 
for both crops. In 1959, as in 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa 
and alfalfa mixtures for hay and for dehydrating ; clover and 
timothy hay included clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses; small grain hay included oats, wheat, barley, rye, or 
other small grains cut for hay. The hay crops listed on the 
questionnaire varied somewhat from' one State or region to 
another. The kinds of hay to be included in separate questions 
can be determined for a specific State from reference to the 
facsimile of the questionnaire that is in the appendix. 

The tonnage of hay, including alfalfa hay for dehydrating, is 
given on a dry-weight basis. Prior to tabulation, production 
reported in green weight was converted to its dry-weight equiv- 
alent by dividing by 3. However, the production of grass silage 
is given in terms of green weight. 

Field Seed Crops. — The field seed crops listed on each version 
of the questionnaire were limited to those considered most im- 
portant within the given State. Each version of the question- 
naire contained space for listing other field seed crops in order 
to facilitate the reporting of all field seed crops harvested. 
Quantity harvested was to be reported in terms of clean seed 
for most field seed crops. Bluegrass, or Junegrass seed, was to 
be reported In terms of green seed for Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and 
Tennessee. No mention was made of "green-weight basis" for 
other States where this crop was to be reported in the "All other" 
question. 

Irish Potatoes and Sweetpotatoes. — For Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes (including yams), the total quantity harvested was 
to be reported for each crop in all cases, whether harvested for 



home use or for sale or whether used for livestock feed. The 
acreage harvested was to be reported for each crop only in cases 
where the quantity amounted to 20 or more bushels (or the 
approximate equivalent in terms of hundredweights, barrels, or 
pounds, as explained on different versions of the questionnaire). 
This method of reporting was designed to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes harvested on small plots for home use. Essen- 
tially the same procedure was followed in both 1954 and 1950. 
In earlier censuses, however, the acreage of Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes was to be reported in all cases, even when produc- 
tion was solely for home use. Therefore, the data on acres for 
censuses prior to 1950 are not fully comparable with those for 
the last three censuses, especially in counties or States where 
production is largely for home use. 

The unit of measure in which quantity was to be reported 
varied from one State or region to another to correspond with 
the units most commonly used in a given area. In 27 States, 
the questionnaire provided a choice for reporting either bushels 
or 100-pound bags (hundredweights). The published data for 
counties and States are in terms of bushels. 

Berries and Other Small Fruits. — The question for berries and 
other small fruits related specifically to the acreages and quanti- 
ties harvested for sale. Only tame or cultivated berries were to 
be reported except for the New England States, where wild blue- 
berries were also to be included. Enumerators were instructed 
always to report the total quantity of each kind of berry har- 
vested for sale but to report the area harvested only when It 
amounted to one-tenth acre or more. Nonbearing areas and areas 
and quantities harvested for home use were to be excluded. The 
data for 1959 and 1954 are fully comparable. 

Tree Fruits, Nuts, and drapes. — In 1959, as in 1954, fruit trees, 
nut trees, and grapevines were not enumerated for farms having 
a combined total of less than 20 at the time of enumeration. 
Both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines were to be included 
but not any that had been abandoned. For censuses prior to 
1954, all fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm were 
to be enumerated, regardless of the number. Because of this 
change in enumeration procedure, the data for 1959 and 1954 
are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. In 
commercial fruit-producing counties, the change in procedure 
may have had a considerable effect on the number of farms re- 
porting without causing any significant changes in the number 
of trees and vines nor in the quantity harvested. In counties 
where most of the trees or vines are in small plantings and 
where production Is largely for home-use, however, the change 
may have caused a significant reduction not only in the number 
of farms reporting but also in the number of trees and vines and 
in the quantity harvested. 

In both 1959 and 1954, the area in fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees was enumerated when there 
were 20 or more fruit trees, nut trees, and grapevines. In 
1950, the corresponding area was enumerated only if it amounted 
to one-half acre or more. In censuses prior to 1950, the area was 
to be reported regardless of its size or of the number of trees 
and vines. Enumerators frequently omitted the fractional acre- 
ages in small plantings and home orchards, however. In some 
counties, small plantings or home orchards comprise a sizeable 
proportion of the total fruit and nut acreage. For those 
counties, the change from one census to another in acreage of 
land in fruits and nuts may not be due to fact but merely to 
differences in enumeration. 

In 1959, California was the only State for which the acreage 
in each individual fruit and nut crop was obtained. In 1954, 
such acreage was also obtained for Arizona. In all States, the 
number of bearing and nonbearing trees or vines on the farm at 
the time of enumeration and the quantity harvested in 1959 
were to be reported separately for each fruit and nut crop. (Ex- 
ceptions in the harvest period for citrus fruits, avocados, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



olives are described on p. XIX.) The unit of measure In which 
quantities were to be reported varied from one State to another. 
Tables In this report show quantities In the unit of measure 
appearing on the 1959 questionnaire used in the State. 

Nursery and Greenhouse Products. — The questions about nursery 
and greenhouse products related only to products grown on the 
place for sale. Crops bought for resale without additional cul- 
tivation were to be excluded. The area used for growing and 
the value of sales were to be reported separately for each of 
three groups, as follows : 

a. Nursery products, (trees, shrubs, vines, and ornamentals). 

b. Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding plants. 
For these items, the area grown in the open was to be re- 
ported separately from the area grown under glass. 

c. Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. For these items, 
the area grown in the open was to be reported separately 
from the area grown under glass or In the house. 

The data obtained for 1959 are comparable with those for 
1954 and 1950 since the questions asked were essentially the 
game in the three censuses. Detailed data regarding the pro- 
duction and sale of nursery, greenhouse, and other horticultural 
products on farms having sales of $2,000 will be published In 
volume V, part 1, 

Forest Products. — The forest products data obtained in the 
Census of Agriculture relate only to the products cut on farms. 
Commercial logging, timber operations, and forest products grown 
or cut on nonfarm places are excluded. Therefore, the data In 
this report do not represent the total forestry output or income 
for a county or State. 

The questions included on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire 
are more detailed than those asked in the 1954 Census. Value 
was obtained for the sale of standing timber or trees and for 
the sale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers. The 
quantity cut, whether for home use or sale, and the quantity sold 
were obtained for individual forestry products such as firewood 
and fuelwood, fence posts, sawlogs and veneer logs. Data relating 
to pulpwood, Christmas trees, maple trees, and maple syrup were 
obtained in States where such products are important 
commercially. 

Value of Crops Harvested. — The total value of crops harvested 
represents the estimated value of all crops harvested during the 
crop year 1959. It includes the value of quantities consumed 
on farms as food, feed, seed, etc., as well as quantities sold. 
Farmers were not asked to report values of crops harvested ; 
the values were calculated in the Processing Office. For individ- 
ual crops, the quantity harvested was multiplied by the average 
price at which the crop was sold in the State. State average 
prices were furnished to the Bureau of the Census by the Agricul- 
tural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 
They are based on reports received from a sample of fanners and 
dealers. Quantities harvested were not obtained for vegetables 
nor for nursery and greenhouse products. Therefore, for those 
crops, the value of sales, as obtained in the enumeration, was used 
in the calculation of total value of crops harvested. 

Value of Crops Sold. — The questionnaire required value of sales 
of crops to be reported only for total vegetables, nursery and 
greenhouse products, and certain forest products. For all other 
crops, the value of sales was calculated on a county level during 
processing operations by multiplying the State average prices 
by either the quantity sold or the quantity harvested. Reports 
of quantity sold were obtained during the enumeration only for 
some of the major field crops. Quantity harvested was used in 
the calculation of value of crops sold for such crops as cotton, 
tobacco, etc., that are customarily grown for sale. The procedures 
used for the various crops are described on page XXV. They 



are similar to the procedures followed In 1954. In 1950, values 
of crop* sold were obtained for each farm during the enumeration. 



Definition of Irrigated Land. — Irrigated land Is defined as land 
watered for agricultural purposes by artificial means. These 
means Included sublrrigation as well as systems whereby water 
was applied to the ground surface, either directly or by sprinklers. 
Land flooded for rice cultivation was considered as irrigated. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be included as 
Irrigated only If water was directed to agricultural use by dams, 
canals, or other works. The definition of irrigated land specif- 
ically excluded land where the "water table", or natural level 
of underground water, was controlled by drainage works with no 
additional water brought In by canals or pipes. 

Enumeration of Irrigated Land. — A question on total land irri- 
gated was asked In all States, with the exception of Alaska. The 
acreage reported for this question includes not only irrigated 
cropland but also any other land that was irrigated In 1959. 

The questionnaires used in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, 
and Hawaii included several additional questions regarding irri- 
gation. These questions related to the acreage of land irrigated 
by sprinklers, irrigated land from which crops were harvested, 
specific crops Irrigated, and source of irrigation water. Such 
additional data, for irrigated farms, are presented in county 
table la for these States. 

Statistics on the irrigation enterprises which supplied irriga- 
tion water were collected in the 1959 Census of Irrigation and 
are published in Volume III, "Irrigation of Agricultural Lands". 
This report contains a considerable amount of data about irri- 
gation for the 17 Western States and Louisiana. 

Irrigated Farms. — All farms reporting any land irrigated in 
1959 are counted as irrigated farms. 

Land in Irrigated Farms. — Data for land in irrigated farms ac- 
cording to use relate to the entire acreage In these farms, in- 
cluding land that was not irrigated. 

Land Irrigated. — Data for land irrigated relate only to that 
part of the land in irrigated farms that was watered by artificial 
means at any time in 1959. Separate figures are given for farms 
reporting land irrigated by sprinklers whether or not the land 
was also irrigated by other means. Additional figures are given 
for farms reporting land irrigated by sprinklers only. Data 
on sprinkler irrigation were not obtained in the 1954 census. 

Irrigated Cropland Harvested. — The data for irrigated crop- 
land harvested relate to all irrigated land from which crops 
were harvested in 1959, regardless of the method of irrigation. 
An instruction on the questionnaire reminded enumerators and 
respondents to include irrigated land from which hay was cut, 
irrigated land in both bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut 
crops, and irrigated land from which volunteer crops were 
harvested. Each irrigated acre was to be reported only once, 
regardless of how many crops were harvested from it. 

Other Irrigated Land. — This classification was obtained by 
subtraction of the acreage of irrigated cropland harvested 
from the acreage of total land irrigated. It represents primarily 
irrigated cropland not harvested and irrigated pasture or 
grazing land. 

Farms Irrigated By Number of Acres Irrigated. — All farms on 
which any land was irrigated in 1959 are classified according 
to the number of acres irrigated in county table la for the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and Hawaii. This classification is 
based on total land irrigated. Therefore, it includes not only the 
irrigated land from which crops were harvested but also all other 
irrigated land, regardless of use. 

Land Irrigated By Source of Water. — The agriculture question- 
naire contained a question as to what proportion of irrigated 
water used on the farm in 1959 was obtained from ground- 
water, surface-water, and irrigation-organization sources. Re- 
spondents were asked to report separately the percentage of 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



water obtained from each source. The number of acres that 
were irrigated by water from each source or combination of 
sources was calculated during office processing operations by 
applying the percentages to the total land irrigated. 

Ground-water sources relate to wells (pumped or flowing) and 
springs ; surface-water sources relate to streams, lakes, reservoirs, 
and sewage and drainage ditches. For each of these sources, 
only water obtained by pumps or other works operated as part 
of the operator's own farm or as part of another single farm was 
to be included. Irrigation-organization sources relate to irriga- 
tion enterprises organized to supply water to a group of farms, 
regardless of how or where the enterprise obtained the water. 
The irrigation enterprise may be a legal organization or a group 
of farmers informally organized to operate a supply ditch or 
other works to provide water for their own farms. 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary Information. — The 1959 data for land-use practices 
are estimates based on reports obtained from only a sample of 
farms. Comparable data are not presented for 1954 because 
questions about land-use practices were included on the 1954 
questionnaire for only a limited number of States. The various 
land-use practices relate to methods for reducing soil erosion, 
either by improving the soil, controlling the run-off of water, or 
reducing the blowing of topsoil. 

Cropland in Cover Crops. — The data relate to land on which 
cover crops were turned under for green manure in 1959 and 
which was then planted to another crop. The entire acreage of 
cover crops so used was to be reported even if the following crop 
failed. 

Cropland Used for Grain or Bow Crops Farmed on the Contour. — 
This Item relates to land on which grain or row crops were 
planted in level rows around the slope of a hill. 

Land in Strip-Cropping Systems for Soil-Erosion Control. — Strip- 
cropping was defined as the practice of alternating close-sown 
crops with strips or bands of row crops or of alternating either 
close-sown or row crops with bands of cultivated fallow land. 
The published data refer to the total acreage of all fields and 
tracts in which strip-cropping was practiced in 1959. 

System of Terraces on Crop and Pasture Land. — This item re- 
lates to the acreage in ridge-type or channel-type terraces con- 
structed on sloping cropland and pastureland. 

Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories. — Data for livestock and poultry on farms relate 
to the number on hand at the time of enumeration. All live- 
stock and poultry, including those being kept or fed under con- 
tract, were to be enumerated on the farm or ranch where they 
were, regardless of who owned them. Livestock in transit from 
one grazing area to another or grazing in national forests, graz- 
ing districts, open range, or on land used under permit were to be 
reported as being on the place where the person who had control 
over them had his headquarters. 

The time of year at which livestock and poultry are enumerated 
affects the data. Therefore, the date of enumeration needs to 
be considered when totals for the various censuses are compared. 
Both the 1959 and the 1954 census data represent fall inven- 
tories. These censuses came at a time of large-scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feed lot, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of 1920, 1925, 1935, and 1945 were taken as of 
January 1 and those of 1930, 1940, and 1950, as of April 1. A 
count made in April varies considerably from one made in Jan- 
uary. In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. A considerable number of older animals die 
or are sold during the same period. In the range States, along 



with the change in season and grazing condition, sheep and cattle 
are moved from one locality or county to another. This movement 
may affect the comparability of data for counties and, in some 
cases, for States. The comparability of data by age has been 
affected also by changes in the questions from one census to 
another. 

Milk Cows, Cows Milked, Milk Produced, and Butter. — Data on 
the number of milk cows, cows milked, and milked produced relate 
to the day preceding the enumeration. Data for butter churned 
were obtained only for 14 States and relate to the calendar week 
preceding the enumeration. The data for cows milked yesterday 
and milk produced yesterday are not given in this volume. These 
figures vrere obtained primarily to serve the needs of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture in making monthly and annual esti- 
mates of milk production. These figures can be made available, 
at a small cost, to others who express an interest in them. 

Whole Milk and Cream Sold. — Data for whole milk and cream 
sold relate to the entire year 1959 and are estimates based on 
reports obtained for farms in the sample. All milk and cream 
sold from the farm (except quantities purchased from some 
other place and then resold) were to be included, regardless 
of who shared the receipts. The questionnaire provided three 
alternative units of measure for reporting the quantity of milk 
sold — pounds of milk, gallons of milk, and pounds of butterfat. 
The respondent was thus permitted to report quantity according 
to the unit of measure in which payment was received. In the 
State and county tables, the data for milk are given in the unit 
of measure most commonly used in the State. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk on the 
basis of the average butterfat content of milk as shown by data 
furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and Gilts Farrowing. — In the 1959 census, data were ob- 
tained for the number of litters farrowed between December 1, 
1958, and June 1, 1959, and from June 1 to December 1, 1959. In 
the 1954 census, data were obtained for the sows and gilts that 
farrowed rather than for the number of litters. 

Sheep, Lambs, and Wool. — In the 1959 census, questions about 
sheep, lambs, and wool were asked in all States. Data on 
shearings and on amount of wool shorn were obtained for lambs 
and sheep separately. In the 1954 census, sheep and lamb inven- 
tories were not obtained for Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. 

Goats and Mohair. — In 1959, questions on goats, kids, and mo- 
hair appeared on the questionnaires for the following nine States : 
Arizona, California, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, 
Oregon, Texas, and Utah. In 1954, corresponding data were ob- 
tained for Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, 
Washington, and selected counties in Missouri. 

Bees and Honey. — No questions on bees and honey were in- 
cluded on the questionnaires for either the 1959 or the 1954 
census. In 1959, however, enumerators were instructed to ob- 
tain agriculture questionnaires for places not having agricultural 
operations if they were engaged in beekeeping. The number of 
hives of bees and the amount of honey sold were to be reported 
in the "Remarks" space of the questionnaire. Data for bees 
and honey are not included in this report. 

Valne of Livestock on Farms. — To obtain the value of livestock 
on farms, the number of each class of livestock or poultry on hand 
was multiplied by the State average price for 1959, as furnished 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Comparable data for 1954 were compiled by the 
same method on the basis of average prices for that year. 

Sales of Live Animals. — Data for the number and value of ani- 
mals sold alive in 1959 are estimates based on reports for sample 
farms only. Corresponding data for 1954 were obtained for all 
farms. The dollar value of sales was obtained from the farmer 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



for cattle, calves, and horses and mules. Average value per head 
for other livestock sold was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. In the 1959 census, respondents were asked to 
report separately the number of live animals already sold and the 
number estimated to be sold between the time of enumeration and 
the end of the year. This separation of reports for the number 
sold and to be sold was designed to assure more complete coverage 
of all livestock sales made during the year. In the 1954 census, 
only totals for the entire year were obtained though reference 
was made to animals to be sold between enumeration and the end 
of the year. 

Sales of Poultry and Poultry Products. — For both the 1959 and 
the 1954 Censuses, sales of chickens were obtained for two groups : 
(1) broilers and (2) other chickens. The enumeration of broiler 
sales presents prob'ems arising from the varied contractual ar- 
rangements under which broilers are produced. The question- 
naire contained an instruction to the effect that all broilers grown 
for others under contract were to be reported as sold. During 
office processing operations, the data reported for inventories and 
sales of chickens four months old and over, chicken eggs sold, and 
broilers sold were carefully examined. Obvious inconsistencies 
indicating confusion between broilers and other chickens were 
corrected on the basis of estimated values and, for sample farms, 
on the basis of data reported for expenditures for feed, poultry 
and livestock purchases, hired labor, etc. 

Questions relating to poultry other than chickens (and broilers; 
were generally the same in 1959 as in 1954. In the 1959 census, 
however, only total numbers were obtained for turkeys and turkey 
fryers raised and for turkey hens kept for breeding whereas the 
1954 questionnaire asked for a breakdown between light and heavy 
breeds. Also, for poultry other than chickens and turkeys, the 
1959 census obtained the number sold whereas the 1954 census 
obtained the number raised. 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of Classification. — Data for land in farms, and for crop- 
land harvested in farms classified by size, by color of operator and 
by tenure of operator were tabulated for all farms. However, 
most of the detailed data by size of farm, by color of operator, by 
tenure of operator, by economic class, and by type of farm are 
estimates based on farms in the sample. The farm classifications 
by size of farm, color of operator, tenure of operator, economic 
class of farm, and type of farm were made in the processing 
office on the basis of data reported on each questionnaire. 

Farms by Size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area established for each farm. The same classifica- 
tion was used for all States. According to definition, a farm is 
essentially an operating unit, not an ownership tract All land 
operated by one person or partnership represents one farm. In 
the case of a landlord who has assigned land to croppers or other 
tenants, the land assigned to each cropper or tenant is considered 
a separate farm even though the landlord may operate the entire 
landholding as one unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rota- 
tion practice, purchase of supplies, or sale of products. In some 
parts of the South, a special Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire was 
used to assure an accurate enumeration of each unit within a 
multiple-unit operation. A change was made in the size classifica- 
tion for 1959, as contrasted with several preceding years, by sub- 
dividing the 1,000-acre-and-over group and by combining two 
previously recognized groups, viz., 10 to 28 acres and 30 to 49 
acres. 

Farms by Color of Operator. — Farms were classified by color of 
operator into two groups, "white" and "nonwhlte." "Nonwhite" 
includes primarily Negro and Indian operators but also some of 
other racial origin. 

Enumerators were instructed to report the race on the basis of 
their own observation whenever possible rather than by asking the 
respondent 



Farms by Tenure of Operator. — The classification of farms by 
tenure of operator was based on data reported for land owned, 
land rented from others or worked for others on shares, land 
managed for others, and land rented to others or worked on shares 
by others. The same basis of classification was used in 1959 
as in 1954. 

For 1959, each questionnaire was coded, during the editing proc- 
ess, to indicate whether it represented a farm operated by a full 
owner, part owner, manager, or tenant. The sample question- 
naires for tenants were given a code to indicate the kind of 
tenant. 

The various classifications of tenure, as used for the 1959 census, 
are defined below : 

a. Full Owners operate only land they own. 

b. Part Owners operate land they own and also' land rented 
from others. 

c. Managers operate land for others and are paid a wage or 
salary for their services. Persons acting merely as care- 
takers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If 
a farm operator managed land for others and also operated 
land on his own account, the land operated on his own ac- 
count was considered as one farm and the land managed for 
others as a second farm. If, however, be managed land for 
two or more employers, all the managed laud was considered 
to be one farm. 

d. Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all 
the land they operate. They are further classified, as de- 
scribed below, on the basis of rental arrangements in regard 
to the payment of cash rent, sharing of crops, sharing of 
livestock or livestock products, and the furnishing of work 
power by the landlord. 

(1) Cash Tenants pay cash rent, either on a per-acre basis or 
for the farm as a whole. 

(2) Share-Cash Tenants pay part of the rent in cash and part 
in a share of the crops and/or of the livestock and livestock 
products. 

(3) Crop-Share Tenants pay a share of the crops but not of the 
livestock or livestock products. 

(4) Livestock-Share Tenants pay a share of the livestock or 
livestock products. They may or may not also pay a share of 
the crops. 

(5) Croppers are tenants whose landlords furnished all the 
work animals or tractor power. They usually work under 
the close supervision of the landowners or their agents, or 
other farm operators. Also, the land assigned to them is 
often merely a part of a multi-unit operation. Croppers may 
or may not also pay cash rent or a share of crops, livestock, 
or livestock products. Data for croppers are available for 
only 16 southern States and Missouri. 

(6) Other Tenants are those who did not qualify for inclusion 
in any of the foregoing subclassiflcatlons. They may have 
had the use of land rent-free or in return for a fixed quantity 
of products, payment of taxes, maintenance of buildings, etc. 

(7) Unspecified Tenants are those for whom the rental arrange- 
ment was not reported. 

The definition of each subclass of tenant was essentially the 
same for earlier censuses as for 1959. In 1945, however, the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants 
whereas in other censuses all classifications were made during 
the processing of questionnaires on the basis of the data 
reported. The procedure used in 1945 may have affected the 
comparability of the data, especially for cash tenants and 
share-cash tenants. 

Farms by Economic Class. — The totals for farms by economic 
class are estimates for all farms made on the basis of data re- 
ported only for the sample farms. The economic classifications 
represent groupings of farms that are similar in characteristics 
and size of operation. The economic classes were established on 
the basis of one or more of four factors: (1) total value of all 
farm products sold, (2) number of days the farm operator worked 
off the farm, (3) the age of the farm operator, and (4) the re- 
lationship of Income received by the operator and members of his 
household from nonfarm sources to the value of all farm products 
sold. Institutional farms, Indian reservations, agricultural ex- 
periment stations, and grazing associations were always classified 
as "abnormal." 



xxrv 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



The total value of farm products sold was obtained by addi- 
tion of the reported or estimated values for all products sold from 
the farm. The value of cattle and calves, horses and mules, dairy 
products, some poultry products, vegetables, nursery and green- 
house products, standing timber, and miscellaneous forest prod- 
ucts was obtained from the farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. The quantity sold was obtained during enumeration for 
corn, sorghums, small grains, hay, small fruits, some of the for- 
est products, chickens and chicken eggs, hogs, sheep, and goats. 
To obtain the value of sales of these products, the quantity sold 
was multiplied by State average prices. 

For each of the other products, the entire production was mul- 
tiplied by the State average price. If the resulting value amount- 
ed to $100 or more, the entire quantity produced was considered 
as sold. This procedure was followed only in establishing the 
economic class and the type of farm but was not used in estab- 
lishing the total value of products sold from the farm. (See 
p. XXV.) 

Farms were grouped into two major categories, commercial 
farms and other farms, mainly on the basis of total value of prod- 
ucts sold. The 1959 class intervals and some of the criteria for 
determination of a given class are different from those used in 
1954 and in 1950. In general, for 1959, all farms with a value 
of sales amounting to $2,500 or more were classified as commercial. 
Farms with a value of sales of $50 to $2,499 were classified as com- 
mercial if the farm operator was under 65 years of age and (1) he 
did not work off the farm 100 or more days during the year and 
(2) the income received by the operator and members of his 
family from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. The remaining farms with a value of sales of $50 
to $2,499 and institutional farms and Indian reservations were 
included in one of the groups of "other farms." 

Commercial farmi were divided into six economic classes on 
the basis of the total value of all farm products sold, as 
follows : 

Value of Farm 
Class of Farm Products sold 

I $40,000 and over 

II $20,000 to $39,999 

III $10,000 to $19,999 

IV $5,000 to $9,999 

V $2,500 to $4,999 

VI* $50 to $2,499 

•Provided the farm operator was under 65 years of age, and — 
(1) he did not work off the farm 100 or more days, and (2) the In- 
come that he and members of his household received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the total value of farm products sold. 

Other farms were divided into three economic classes as 

follows : 

a. Class VH, Part-time. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part-time" if 
the operator was under 65 years of age and he either worked 
off the farm 100 or more days or the income he and members 
of his household received from nonfarm sources was greater 
than the total value of farm products sold. 

b. Class VIII, Part-retirement. — Farms with a value of sales 
of farm products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part- 
retirement" if the farm operator was 65 years old or over. 
Many of these are farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others are residential, subsistence, or marginal 
farms. In previous censuses, the age of the farm operator 
was not a criterion for grouping farms by economic class. 
Since the number of elderly people in our population has 
been steadily increasing during recent years, a separate 
classification for farms operated on a part-retirement basis 
was considered important for an adequate analysis of the 
agricultural structure of a county or State. 

c. Class IX, Abnormal. — All institutional farms and Indian 
reservations were classified as "abnormal," regardless of the 
value of sales. Institutional farms include those operated 



by hospitals, penitentiaries, schools, grazing associations, 
government agencies, etc. 

Farms by Type. — The data for farms by type are estimates 
based on data tabulated for the farms in the sample. The 
type represents a description of the major source of income from 
farm sales. To be classified as a particular type, a farm had to 
have sales of a particular product or group of products amounting 
in value to 50 percent or more of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold during the year. 

The types of farms, together with the products on which type 
classification is based, are as follows : 

Type of Farm Source of Cash Income 

(Products with sales value representing 
50% or more of total value of all farm 
products sold) 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghums, small grains, soybeans 

for beans, cowpeas for peas, dry field 
and seed beans and peas. 

Tobacco Tobacco. 

Cotton Cotton. 

Other field-crop Peanuts, potatoes (Irish and sweet), 

sugarcane for sugar or sirup, sweet 
sorghums for sirup, broomcorn, pop- 
corn, sugar beets, mint, hops, and 
sugar beet seed. 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries, other small fruits, tree fruits, 

grapes, and nuts. 

Poultry Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, and 

other poultry products. 

Dairy Milk and cream. The criterion of 50 

percent of total sales was modified in 
the case of dairy farms. A farm hav- 
ing value of sales of dairy products 
amounting to less than 50 percent of 
the total value of farm products sold 
was classified as a dairy farm, If — 

(a) Milk and cream sold accounted 
for more than 30 percent of the total 
value of products sold and — 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of total cows and — 

(c) The value of milk and cream sold 
plus the value of cattle and calves 
sold amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of all farm 
products sold. 



Livestock other than 
dairy and poultry 



Livestock Ranches. 



General- 



Miscellaneous. 



Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool 
and mohair except for farms in the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and 
Florida that qualified as livestock 
ranches. 

Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisi- 
ana, and Florida were classified as 
livestock ranches if the sales of live- 
stock, wool, and mohair represented 
50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold and If pasture- 
land or grazing land amounted to 100 
or more acres and was 10 or more 
times the acreage of cropland har- 
vested. 

Field seed crops, hay, silage. A farm 
was classified as general also if it had 
cash income from three or more 
sources and did not meet the criteria 
for any other type. 

Nursery and greenhouse products, forest 
products, mules, horses, colts and 
ponies. Also all institutional farms 
and Indian reservations. 



INTRODUCTION 



XXV 



The type classifications were essentially the same for the 1959 
as for the 1954 census except that tobacco farms and livestock 
ranches were not separately classified In 1954. Tobacco was in- 
cluded as one of the crops used in the classification of "other 
field crop" farms in 1954. The farms classified as livestock 
ranches in 1959 would have been classified as "livestock other 
than dairy and poultry" in 1954 without regard to the acreage Id 
pasture. 

Value of Farm Products Sold. — Data for the value of farm prod- 
ucts sold in 1959 were obtained by enumeration for some prod- 
ucts and by estimation for others. The questionnaire used for 
the 1959 census provided for farm operators to report value of 
sales for the following products : 

Vegetables Miscellaneous poultry products 

Nursery and greenhouse prod- Milk and cream 

ucts Cattle 

Standing timber Calves 

Miscellaneous forest products Horses, mules, colts, and ponies 

For all other agricultural products, the value of sales was esti- 
mated during the office processing. The State average prices 
used for calculating the value of farm products sold were fur- 
nished to the Bureau by the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of three following pro- 
cedures was used. 

(1) For the products for which data on quantities sold were 
obtained during enumeration, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the county totals of the quantities reported as sold or 
the quantities reported as produced for sale. The following prod- 
ucts were covered by this procedure : 

Corn for grain Fence posts 

Sorghums for grain, seed, sirup, Sawlogs and veneer logs 

or dry forage Christmas trees 

All small grains Chickens (broilers and others) 

Hay crops Chicken eggs 

All berries and small fruits * Hogs and pigs 

Firewood and fuelwood Sheep and lambs 

Pulpwood Goats and kids 

1 Adjustment made for cranberries based on Cranberry Payment 
Program. 

(2) For most of the agricultural products which are cus- 
tomarily raised for sale, the entire quantity produced was 
considered to be sold. The State average prices were, accordingly, 
multiplied by the county total of production. The following crops 
were covered by this procedure : 



Cotton Sugarcane for sugar 

Popcorn Tobacco 

Sugar beets for sugar Wool 

Broomcorn Mohair 

(3) For all other crops, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the quantities sold as estimated on the basis of crop- 
disposition data furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
data reported in questions for "other crops" on the 1959 question- 
naire, or data obtained from earlier censuses. 

For all tree fruits, nuts, and grapes, the entire quantity pro- 
duced was considered as sold, except for apples, apricots, sour and 
sweet cherries, peaches, plums, prunes, avocados, tangerines, 
oranges, and grapefruit in States where a portion of the crop 
was not harvested or was subjected to excess cullage as Indicated 
by data obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

The data for 1959 are comparable with those for 1954 Bince 
essentially tbe same procedures were used in both censuses for 
estimating quantities and values of farm products sold. In 1959, 
as in 1954, data for the sales of farm products represent total 
sales for the entire farm, regardless of who shared the receipts. 
For tenant-operated farms, the landlord's share of agricultural 
products was considered as sold provided the products were 
moved off the tenant farm. All crops, livestock, and poultry 
raised under a contract arrangement were considered as sold 
from the farm where they were raised. For Institutional farms, 
all agricultural items produced on land operated by the institu- 
tion and consumed by the inmates were to be reported as sold. 

All sales data relate to one year's farm operations. Crop sales 
are for crops harvested during the crop year, whether the crops 
were actually sold Immediately after harvest or placed In storage 
for later sale. Sales of livestock and livestock products relate 
to the calendar year, regardless of when the livestock or prod- 
ucts were raised or produced. All wool and mohair reported 
as shorn or clipped was considered as sold. 

Enumerators were instructed to record gross values of quanti- 
ties sold, with no deductions for feed, seed, fertilizer, water, labor, 
or marketing costs. For some products, however, net values may 
have been reported. In the case of milk, particularly, some farm 
operators may have reported the payments they received as the 
gross value of sales, even though the buyer had deducted handling 
and hauling charges before making payment. Adjustments were 
made in the data reported only In cases of obvious error. 



o 



Chapter A 
STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



(i) 



MARYLAND 

State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 







[Data en value of land and buildinps for 1950, 1954, and 1050 


re based on reports 


or only a sample of farma. See textj 








Vm 


see text) 


Census .of — 


(For definitions and explanations 


1959 
(Oot.-NOT.) 


1954 
(Oot.-Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


' ' 1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 

(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 






25,122 


32,500 


36,107 


41,275 


42,110 


44,412 


43,203 


49,001 


47,908 




"™ 


6,319,360 


6,323,840 


6,323,840 


6,327,680 


6,327,680 


6,362,240 


6,362,240 


6,362,240 


6,362,240 






54.7 


61.6 


64.1 


66.4 


66.3 


68.9 


68.8 


69.7 


74.8 






3,456,769 


3,896,608 


4,055,529 


4,199,859 


4,197,827 


4;383,641 


4,374,398 


4,433,398 








4,757,999 






137.6 


119.9 


112.3 


101.8 


99.7 


98.7 


101.3 


90.5 








99.3 


Value of land and buildings: 


dollars 


36,461 


20,342 


14,163 


8,596 


6,506 


5,465 


8,244 


6,966 


8,070 




<W1»» 


276.22 


177.02 


124.75 


84.48 


65.27 


55.37 


81.42 


77.00 


81.25 


Land in farms according to use: ' 




21,881 


27,744 


31,048 


38,088 


36,619 


42,700 


41,185 


NA 


NA 




"- 


1,455,921 


1,571,744 


1,531,421 


1,745,261 


1,608,856 


1,677,434 


1,741,615 


1,777,513 


J l,991,030 


1 to9acres 




4,527 


6,477 


7,640 


10,363 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


10 to 19 acres...., 


.farms reporting 


2,928 


3,911 


4,763 


5,265 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


20 to 29 acres 


.farms reporting 


2,100 


2,775 


3,366 


3,863 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


»0to49 acres 


.farms reporting 


3,097 


4,042 


4,736 


5,915 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


50 to99 acres 


.farms reporting 


4,715 


5,840 


6,301 


7,939 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting 


3,182 


3,559 


3,364 


3,998 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


200 or more acres 


.farms reporting 


1,332 


1,140 


878 


745 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


200 to 499 acres 


.farms reporting 


1,169 


1,027 


818 


691 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


500 to 999 acres 


.farms reporting 


139 


97 


50 


48 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,000 or more acres 


.farms reporting 


24 


16 


10 


6 


NA 


NA 


• NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting 


9,772 


13,026 


17,264 


13,833 


24,888 


23,460 


23,233 


»^01 


HA 




«- 


287,198 


363,264 


447,503 


393,615 


600,743 


550,587 


538,913 


525,523 


NA 


Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . 


.farms reporting 


8,195 


9,600 


14,008 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.ere. 


207,991 


188,461 


306,193 


224,838 


375,021 


405,092 


387,64? 


450,002 


HA 


Soil-improvement grasses and legumes . 


.farms reporting 


2,471 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 




.ores 


59,241 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other cropland (idle and crop failure) . . 


.farms reporting 


6,564 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acre. 


148,750 


NA 


IIA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting 


4,714 


6,462 


6,537 


5,060 


NA 


6,810 


8,132 


7,467 


:ia 




acres 


137,937 


19. ,100 


163,397 


127,338 


NA 


185,515 


205,474 


187,183 


NA 




.farms reporting 


15,641 


IS 073 


22,326 


25,004 


NA 


28,269 


26,856 


28,327 


NA 




acre, 


814,712 


938,659 


1,005,620 


973,937 


NA 


1,078,433 


1,007,629 


945,760 


NA 


Other pasture (not cropland and 


.farms reporting 


9,296 


12,; 38 


12,135 


17,548 


NA 


11,508 


11,354 


10,311 


NA 




acres 


356,531 


417,1-0 


350,833 


471,767 


NA 


213,835 


214,435 


180,204 


NA 






3,041 


3,39-; 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres 


113,600 


109,870 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other land (house lots, roads. 


.farms reporting 


NA 


30,041 


38,580 


36,760 


NA 


40,500 


37,046 


NA 


NA 




acres 


196,479 


223,210 


250,5*2 


263,103 


NA 


272,745 


278,683 


367,213 


NA 




farms reportinir 


23,076 


29,673 


33,680 


39,496 


41,310 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acre, 


1,951,110 


2,123,469 


2,285,117 


2,363,714 


2,584,620 


2,633,113 


2,668,177 


2,753,038 


NA 




.farms reporting 


16,967 


22,517 


26,058 


29,047 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acre, 


781,666 


974,534 


961,733 


992,720 


NA 


949,937 


958,822 


892,910 


NA 






17,915 


22,412 


25,290 


27,283 


29,360 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acre, 


952,649 


1,132,759 


1,169,017 


1,101,275 


1,142,236 


1,263,948 


1,213,103 


1,132,943 


1,327,221 






328 


235 


30 


8 


17 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




acres 


11,174 


8,344 


697 


287 


67 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA Not available. 

1 For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, In the Census year; for all other Censuses, In the calendar year preceding the Census. 

2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut far forage wae excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of i 
harvested for grain. 

3 Not fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of oroplan-i used crly for ptoture. See text. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



Census of — 



All farms number 

Under 10 acres number 

Under 3 acres number 

1 acre or less number 

3 to 9 acres number 

4 acres number 

7 acres number 

8 acres number 

9 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

10 to 29 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 or more acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

Land in farms acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Under 10 acres acres 

10 to 49 acres acres 

10 to 29 acres acres 

30 to 49 acres acres 

50 to 69 Bcres acres 

70 to 99 acres acres 

100 to 139 acres acres 

140 to 179 acres acres 

160 to 219 acres acres 

220 to 259 acres acres 

260 to 499 acres acres 

500 to 999 acres acres 

1 ,000 or more acres acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres 

2,000 or more acres acres 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested : farms reporting 

Under 10 acres farms reporting 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 



See footnotes at end of table . 



5,993 

3,680 
2,313 



272,603 
162,898 
109,705 



21,971 

1,486,431 

1,273 

4,203 

4,870 

60,197 

NA 

NA 



1,969 
48,267 

2,416 
89,410 

3,109 
162,154 

2,323 
166,757 

1,642 

156,732 

1,131 

124,506 



32,500 
4,676 
1,079 



8,179 
5,041 
3,138 



21,184 
211,003 

90,712 
120,291 



27,744 
1,571,744 
2,341 
7,541 
6,543 

77,871 
3,834 

33,794 
2,709 

44,077 

2,457 

60,649 

3,090 

111,214 

3,878 
200,674 

2,867 
200,773 

1,943 

168,662 

1,227 



23,224 
249,711 
102,565 
147, 146 



31,308 
1,558,843 
2,272 
7,062 
7,945 

88,613 
4,629 

37,720 
3,316 

50,893 

3,084 

71,634 

3,687 

126,495 

4,591 
229,651 

3,189 
213,657 

1,975 
165,158 

1,417 
132,912 



10,978 
6,779 
4,199 



29,949 
279,270 
118, 524 
160,746 



38,081: 
1,745,261 

4, 5_" 3 
12,6«,8 

9,871 
122,798 

5,981 
51,782 

3,890 
71,016 

3,771 
102,162 

4,327 
lf3,110 

5,373 
T89,812 

3,622 
260,259 

2,250 
192,009 

1,331 
133,369 



11,629 
7,127 
4,502 



29,974 
298,118 
125,276 
172,842 



38,619 
1,608,856 

4,055 
11,504 
10,237 
122,211 

6,121 
51,525 

4,116 
70,636 

3,948 

98,810 

4,586 

163,956 

5,625 
285,532 

3,738 
252, 882 

2,313 
184,789 

1,335 
123,138 



12,600 
7,709 
4,891 



27,516 
324,698 
137,089 
187,609 



307,713 

NA 

269,050 



Ssi.sio 



MA 

1,777,513 

HA 

18,595 

MA 

171,080 

MA 

HA 

NA 



246,459 

NA 

49,216 



MARYLAND 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959-Continued 

[Data for 1959 mid 1950 are based on reports for only a samplo of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



Land in farms according lo use '-Continued 

Cropland, total 1 . farms reporting . . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting . . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporti ng . . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1 000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting. . 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Land pastured, total farms reporting . . 

1'nder 10 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 139 acres ■ farms reporting. 

140 to 179 acres ; farms reporting . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting . 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 49 acres fa™ 5 reporting . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting. 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1 000 or more acres farms reporting 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 



Census of— 



23,250 

1,981,420 

1,493 

5,644 

5,417 

88,109 

2,061 

69,834 

2,546 

126,325 

3,204 

222,898 

2,378 

219,799 

1,682 

208,874 

1,146 

160,871 

2,451 

488,267 

712 

269,086 



475 
1,385 
3,247 

33,750 
1,499 

27,732 
1,935 

51,550 
2,697 

87,014 
2,042 

93,156 



66,045 

2,160 

198,701 



29,673 
2,123,469 
2,835 
10,389 
7,439 
118,795 
2,607 
88,736 

3,228 
156,018 

3,983 
272,076 

2,933 
264,351 

1,969 
224,207 

1,246 
169,067 

2,607 

491,051 

656 

213,464 



HA 

22,517 

974,534 

1,141 

3,555 

4,532 

46,775 

2,040 

38,188 

2,641 

67,231 

3,500 

124,231 

2,634 

123,285 

1,779 

105,191 

1,131 

76,242 

2,394 

223,750 

577 



34,007 
2,320,727 

3,183 
12,480 

9,070 
149,524 

3,285 
115,435 

3,798 
193,101 

4,736 
337,962 

3,269 
310,273 

2,035 
236,533 

1,422 
195,436 

2,417 

463,746 

661 



MA 

26,340 
960,650 
1,425 
4,5»0 
5,555 

50,681 
2,673 

47,588 



141,178 

3,063 

134,639 

1,892 

102,126 

1,361 

80,640 

2,256 

194,398 

547 

84,790 

116 

46,087 



39,496 

2,363,714 

4,958 

16,316 

10,489 

166,989 

3,882 

137,854 

4,412 
220,160 

5,442 
382,453 

3,660 
343,935 

2,269 
257,001 

1,341 
180,996 

2,404 
430,864 

538 



NA 

29,047 

992,720 

1,989 

5,627 

6,183 

56,484 

2,943 

50,075 

3,706 

85,239 

4,778 

152,736 

3,323 

138,205 

2,094 

115,205 

1,242 

80,193 

2,220 

197,828 

478 

77,770 



221,077 

NA 

168,831 



470,422 

NA 

408,318 



109,351 

NA 

43,271 



Total acreage of crops for which 

— o" +°L.^ r 

W fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



NA Not available. Vor the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, in the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census 

except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of com harvested for grain. 



5 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1954 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanatioi 



Census of — 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 

All faim operators number. 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Share tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number . 

All land in farms i 

Full owners I 

Part owners I 

Managers I 

All tenants I 

Cash tenants I 

Share-cash tenants I 

Croppers I 

Other and unspecified tenants i 

All cropland harvested i 

FuU owners 

Part owners I 

Managers i 

All tenants I 

Cash tenants I 

Share-cash tenants I 

Share tenants 1 

Croppers I 

Other and unspecified tenants i 

ALL WHITE FAPM OPERATORS 

White farm operators number. 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number. 

Managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Share tenants number. 

Croppers m 

Other and unspecified tenants ni 

Land in farms 

Fullownera I 

Part owners 

Managers I 

All tenants 

Cash tenants I 

Share-cash tenants I 

Share tenants I 

Croppers i 

Other and unspecified tenants i 

Cropland harvested 

Full owners 

Part owners ' 

Managers ' 

All tenants 

Cash tenants i 

Share-cash tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspecified tenants : 

ALL NONV.HITE FARM OPERATORS 

Nonwhite farm operators nt 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

Managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Share tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

Land in farms 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Managers 

All tenants 

Cash tenants 

Share-cash tenants 

Share tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspeci fled tenants 

Cropland harvested 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Managers 

All tenants 

Cash tenants 

Share-cash tenants 

Share tenants 

Croppers 

Other and unspecified tenants 



25,108 
16,860 
.4,056 



478 



3,452,561 
1,872,319 
843,270 
138,918 
598,054 
153,591 
64,640 
275,895 
53,020 
50,908 
1,486,431 
671,235 
448,667 
49,169 
317,360 
82,220 
39,793 
151,579 
20,222 
23,546 



438 
3,364,716 
1,832,599 
828,720 
137,623 
565,774 
151,841 
63,760 
261,195 
39,095 
49,883 
1,457,440 
660,252 
441,417 
48,916 
306,855 
81,705 
38,973 
U6.969 
15,832 
23,376 



40 
87,845 
39,720 
14,550 

1,295 
32,280 

1,750 

880 

14,700* 

13,925 

1,025 
28,991 
10,983 

7,250 



32,483 
22,505 
4,344 



652 



3,916,552 
2,251,151 
793,526 
160,745 
711,130 
124,083 
30,785 
411,836 
85,594 
58,832 
1,603,305 
783,603 
408,077 
59,532 
352,093 
63,468 
19,460 
210,068 
32,357 
26,740 



29,586 
20,945 
3,969 



572 
3,784,262 
2,192,916 
774,031 
160,195 
657,120 
120,978 
30,735 
382,491 
66,474 
56,442 
1,561,132 
769,523 
397,482 
59,012 
335,115 
63,193 
19,430 
201,378 
25,064 
26,050 



132,290 
58,235 
19,495 



29,345 
19,120 
2,390 
42,173 
14,080 
10,595 



36,107 
25,671 
3,387 



3,1B1 

1,107 

1,226 

4,055,529 

2,428,596 

563,303 

167,162 

896,468 

123,141 

38,448 

514,8 

89,236 
130,838 
1,531,421 
815,347 
260,447 
59,923 
395,704 
55,628 
21,388 
236,911 
34,504 
47,273 



32,504 
23,860 
3,020 



2,595 

560 

1,007 

3,864,980 

2,362,365 

541,955 

162,754 

797,906 

121,184 

37,765 

459,684 

62,887 

116,386 

1,478,545 
799,151 
252,879 
58,457 
368,058 
54,916 
21,209 
222,688 
25,356 
43,889 



547 
219 

190,549 
66,231 
21,348 
4,408 
98,562 
1,957 
683 
55,121 
26,349 
14,452 
52,876 
16,196 
7,568 
1,466 
27,646 
712 
179 
14,223 
9,148 
3,384 



41,275 

28,386 

2,564 

832 

9,493 

23.0 

1,747 

53 

4,390 

1,467 

1,836 

4,199,859 

2,368,369 

376,478 

277,768 

1,177,244 

143,887 

8,898 

658,651 

153,931 

211,877 

1,745,261 

927,213 

189,464 

112,547 

516,037 

59,714 

4,355 

307,113 

53,463 

91,392 



37, 057 
26,221 
2,300 
791 
7,745 
20.9 
1,580 



1,581 

3,947,106 

2,293,941 

362,442 

269,288 

1,021,435 

136,760 

8,777 

578,278 

108,752 

188,868 

1,668,010 

904,967 

183,347 

108,982 

470,714 

57,425 

4,297 

284,175 

40,962 

83,855 



252,753 
74,428 
14,036 



121 
80,373 
45,179 
23,009 
77,251 
22,246 

6,117 

3,565 
45,323 

2,289 

58 

22,938 

12,501 

7,537 



42,110 

28,737 

1,721 

658 

10,994 

26.1 

2,216 

64 

5,568 

1,644 

1,502 

4,197,827 

2,412,455 

228,956 

207,360 

1,349,056 

158,576 

10,422 

842,848 

171,478 

165,732 

1,608,856 

892,043 

103,843 

81,999 

530,971 

50,963 

3,812 

353,684 

62,477 

60,035 



38,059 
26,678 
1,309 
• 636 
.'9,236 
24.3 
2,041 



1,310 

3,961,630 

2,340,015 

218,636 

201,978 

1,201,001 

152,585 

10,073 

747,142 

139,099 

152,102 

1,544,790 

872,692 

100,081 

80,285 

491,732 

49,516 

3,641 

330,885 

51,327 

56,363 



192 

236,197 
72,440 
10,320 

5,382 
148,055 

5,991 
• 349 
95,706 
32,379 
13,630 
64,066 
19,351 

3,762 

1,714 
39,239 

1,447 

171 

22,799 

11,150 

3,672 



44,412 
29,398 
2,077 



HA 

4,383,641 

2,439,702 

197,554 

230,328 

1,466,057 

MA 

HA 

MA 

162,486 

MA 

1,677,434 
930,520 
90,826 
86,728 
569,360 
MA 
MA 



39,518 
27,033 
1,722 



MA 

4,088,415 

2,410,617 

184,103 

222,194 

1,271,501 

NA 

NA 



115,488 
MA 

1,598,984 
910,368 
85,765 
82,880 
519,971 
NA 
MA 



MA 

295,226 

79,085 

13,451 

8,134 

194,556 

NA 

NA 



46,998 

NA 

78,450 
20,152 
5,061 
3,848 
49,389 
NA 
NA 



43,203 
28,333 
2,490 
939 
11,441 
26.5 
1,842 



NA 

4,374,398 

2,393,647 

246,649 

228,397 

1,505,705 

152,719 



NA 

1,741,615 
916,987 
110,886 
87,666 
626,076 
47,577 
NA 
NA 



37,936 
25,971 
1,911 
819 
9,235 
24.3 
1,629 



NA 

4,028,829 

2,306,054 

226,307 

206,519 

1,289,949 

143,857 

NA 

NA 



MA 

1,637,541 
891,653 
101,947 
78,807 
565,134 
45,468 
NA 
NA 



NA 

345,569 

87,593 

20,342 

21,878 

215,756 

8,862 

NA 

NA 

46,990 

MA 

104,074 
25,334 
8,939 
8,859 
60,942 
2,109 
NA 
NA 



49,001 
33,771 
1,367 



NA 

4,433,398 

2,563,394 

110,768 

182,368 

1,576,868 

121,370 

NA 

MA 

147,371 

MA 

.1,777,513 
964,942 
47,289 
74,527 
690,755 
39,216 
NA 
NA 



10,417 
24.6 
1,608 



NA 

4,077,013 

2,457,900 

96,135 

166,239 

1,356,739 

111,271 

NA 

NA 

102,950 

NA 

1,669,394 
933,807 
41,223 
68,574 
625,790 
36,432 
NA 
NA 



NA 

356,385 

105,494 

14,633 

16,129 

220,129 

10,099 

NA 

NA 

44,421 

NA 

108,119 
31,135 
6,066 
5,953 
64,965 
2,784 
NA 
NA 



. cut for forage ' 



most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the 



MARYLAND 

State Table 4.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR, AGE, RESIDENCE, AND OFF-FARM WORK; AND EQUIPMENT AND 
FACILITIES ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Dntn in italics nrp based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



l'MlMOrH!\Kll(> 



37,057 
4,218 



39,518 
4,894 



42,280 
6,721 



Under 25 years operators reporting . 

25 to .14 years operators reporting . 

35 to 14 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 or more years operators reporting. 

Average age years. 

Operators not reporting age number. 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

By off-farm work: 

Working off their farms, total operaiors reporting. 

1 to 40 days operators reporting. 

50 to 90 days operators reporting . 

100 or more days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 or more days operators reporting. 



2, H3 
B.5S1 
6, 763 
6,3111 



21,676 
1,479 
1,967 



16, 391 

t.rst 

1,464 

11, ins 



i.isx 

7,716 
8,78! 
7,6(11 
6, CCS 
6C.3 
1,86! 



917 
4,831 
8,796 
10,661 
8,797 
7,001 
50.2 
272 



9,916 
1,930 
7,986 



4,625 
7,934 
10,364 
8,693 



37,806 
1,926 
2,378 



12,291 
2,132 
1,486 
8,673 
2,632 
6,041 



12,071 
2,722 
2,006 
7,343 
3,199 
4,144 



819 
5,333 
9,828 
10,754 
8,928 
5,974 
HA 
1,567 



7,854 
3,258 
4,596 



By other income: 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 



Grain combines farms reporting . 

Com pickers farms reporting 

Pick-up balers farms reporting . 

nimbi 
Field forage harvesters farms reportin 



Tractors farms reporting. 



.farms reporting, 
.farm's reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting. 

number . 
.farms reporting. 

number. 



6,661 
6, 93 1 
6, 483 
6, 717 



!l>, 8S3 
i!,9i! 
19, 917 
37, 191 

9,769 

6, f!5,j 
-', 57" 



6, 663 
6,004 
6,116 
{,873 
i,916 
1,639 
1,696 
16, 3(3 
!!, !76 

S3, 3!7 



15,968 

18,789 

1 15,968 

18,641 



Automobiles farms reporting . 

number . 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). ..farms reporting. 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, 
or blower farms reporting . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. . . 
1 mile 



? T.ile 



4 mile: 



* reporting. 

* reporting . 
? reporting . 
e; reporting. 
= reporting. 



£6, 8(16 
36,476 
!6, 8(16 
19, 467 
7, 09! 



!(l, 66! 
4,804 
8,873 



31,953 
41,485 
31,953 
17,137 



18,142 
3,949 
17,900 



'12, 113 
*5,361 
23,977 



3 10,034 
5 4,254 
32,903 



NA Not available. 

figures for 1945 are for all tractors. 

Concrete, brick, asphalt, and macadam. 
3 Concrei,e or brick and macadam. Asphalt 

Includes sand-clay. 
5 Gravel. 
6 Distance to all-weather road. See text. 



not included. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 5.-SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



3 based on reports for only n sample of farms. See t 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting 

dollars 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting 

dollars 

Machine hire farms reporting 

dollars 
Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 
Si to $199 farms reporting 

$200 to$499 farms reporting 

$500 to $999 farms reporting 

$1,000 to 52,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 to $9,999 - farms reporting 

$10,000 or more farms reporting 

Hired labor' farms reporting 

dollars 
Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 
Si to S199 farms reporting 

$200toS499 farms reporting 

5500 to $999 farms reporting 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting 

$20,000 or more farms reporting 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 

for the farm business farms reporting 

dollars 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting 

dollars 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials farms reporting 

dollars 
Lime and liming materials farms reporting 

FARM LABOR 

Farm workers for specified week: 8 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 

persons 

Average per farm reporting persons 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting 

persons 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting 

persons 

Hired workers farms reporting 

persons 

Workers hired by month farms reporting 

persons 

Workers hired by week farms reporting 

persons 

Workers hired by day farms reporting 

persons 

Workers hired by hour farms reporting 

persons 

Workers hired on piece-work basis . . farms reporting 
persons 

No report as to basis of payment, . . . farms reporting 
persons 

Regular hired workers (employed 

150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Farms reporting by number of regular 

hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workera farms reporting . 



Farms by kind of workers during specified week: 

No workers reported 

Family workers only 

Operator only 

Operator and members of his family 

Members of operator's family only 



Family workers and hired workers 

Operator and hired workers 

Operator, members of his family, and hired 
workers 

Members of operator's family and hired workers. 

Hired workers Dnly 

Regular farm workers only 

Seasonal farm workers only 



19, 535 

6s, one, 67i 
is, ere 

S4, me, 741 

IS, SOI, 
3, SSS, 031 

6,006 
3.SS9 
1,311, 



6,570 
13, 8SI 
S,069 
3,631 
1,60! 
i,!77 
1,089 
1,696 



3,067 
IS, VI 
9,518 



H, 1,39 
S64, 630 

is, 849, 050 

9,097 



S8, 715 
50, 580, 37S 

SS, 813 
17, 095, 1,31 

IS, 759 
3, 790, 131 

NA 



3.66S 
2,767 
4,050 



', 976, 657 

S3, 571 

, 060, 485 



IS, 731 
18, 594 
10, 016 
SI, S51 
3,14! 
6, 1,66 
3,059 
6.55S 
S.64S 



6, US 
SO, 9S4 
11, 410 
7.9S9 
1.5S5 



34,664 

42,842,747 

S3, 166 

10,1S1,311 



9,688 
4,638 
4,337 
4,867 



33,761 
51,761 
31,791 

13,798 
19,970 
7,778 
13,060 
HA 
NA 



6,490 
27,007 
15,725 
9,559 
1,723 



29, 577 

151,328 

3,904,717 

11,780 
113,782 
823,815 



HA 

MA 
13,313 
26,173 
8,243 
13,024 
'6,568 
'11,743 

(') 

6 524 

6 1,406 

( 6 ) 

(«) 



NA Not available. 1 For Censuses of 1959 and 1954, expenditures during Census year; for earlier Censuses, expenditures during the preceding year. Cash payments for farm 
labor; housework not included. For 1959, 1954, 1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and labor included in cost 
of machine hire. For 1920, the value of board furnished was included. 3 Census of 1959, week preceding the enumeration; Census of 1954, week of October 24-30. Census of 1950, 
week preceding enumeration; Censuses of 1945 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. *See text for differences in definition of farm workers. 
'Separate data not available by day or week. 6 Separate data not available for workers hired by the hour or piece-work basis. Questionnaire called for other hired labor 
including piecework and contract labor. 



MARYLAND 9 

State Table 6.-LIVEST0CK AND POULTRY ON FARMS, NUMBER AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 







[Data for number of livpsto 


k not fully comparable for (lie several Connysos. Hoe text} 












see text) 




Census of — 


(For definitions and explanations 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Total value of specified classes of 
livestock and poultry 


dollars... 


88,980,601 


63,205,943 


71,892,868 


53,648,952 


31,448,658 


25,439,613 


43,295,655 


32,451,667 


47,758,447 




. .farms reporting . . . 


15,579 


21,611 


24,298 


28,376' 


29,053 


33,241 


31,740 


NA 


38,619 




number... 


475,995 


510,878 


430,542 


390,305 


298,439 


307,432 


318,779 


272,509 


283,377 




value, dollars . . . 


79,598,046 


51,519,683 


59,639,355 


36,638,898 


15,759,277 


9,770,068 


22,143,823 


13,474,770 


20,363,801 


Cows, including heifers that have calved. 


. .farms reporting . . . 


13,663 


19,605 


22,996 


26,589 


27,477 


32,454 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number 


246,445 


271,482 


233,377 


241,147 


192,916 


197,792 


168,632 


191,741 


172,368 




value, dollars... 


54,710,790 


35,835,624 


44,751,865 


28,977,591 


12,281,903 


7,713,888 


15,823,812 


10,885,764 


14,200,968 


Milk cows 


. .farms reporting 


11,093 


17,152 


21,415 


NA 


27,154 


NA 


29,943 


33,272 


35,113 




number... 


198,069 


219,208 


204,124 


NA 


184,703 


NA 


164,434 


172,581 


161,972 




value, dollars.. . 


46,546,215 


NA 


NA 


NA 


11,859,632 


NA 


15,523,785 


10,098,390 


13,499,901 


Heifers and heirer calves 


farms reporting 


12,060 


15,823 

153,725 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 




number... 


147,708 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars... 


15,066,216 


8,916,050 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


KA 


Steers and bulls, including steer 


. .farms reporting. . . 


10,876 


13,949 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


81,842 


85,671 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


KA 




value, dollars.. . 


9,821,040 


6,768,009 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 






5,762 


10,465 


19,822 


NA 


30,404 


33,910 


35,515 


41,2457 


KA 




number... 


15,259 


22,883 


48,494 


84,124 


104,697 


108,889 


123,150 


147,444 


173,962 




value, dollars... 


1,449,605 


1,304,331 


3,505,760 


7,856,006 


11,518,445 


11,616,297 


13,073,441 


11, 404,252 


17,974,175 


Horses and colts, including ponies 


farms reporting. . . 


NA 


NA 


16,902 


23,097 


25,395 


28,505 


NA 


NA 


41,973 




number... 


HA 


NA 


40,069 


66,322 


79,539 


79,933 


94,099 


116,711 


141,341 




value, dollars 


KA 


NA 


2,830,299 


5,790,546 


8,435,845 


8,110,215 


9,512,011 


8,642,188 


13,835,411 






NA 


NA 


4,873 


8,569 


11,126 


12,445 


NA 


NA 


12,589 




number. . . 


NA 


NA 


8,425 


17,802 


25,158 


28,956 


29,051 


30,733 


32,621 




value, dollars. . . 


NA 


NA 


675,461 


2,065,460 


3,082,600 


3,506,082 


3,561,430 


2,762,064 


4,138,764 






11,468 


16,193 


19,717 


21,647 


23,030 


23,053 


24,344 


24,712 


35,926 




number... 


216, 595 


230,756 


244,659 


252,640 


158,546 


159,087 


205,361 


187,656 


306,452 




value, dollars . . . 


4,759,259 


6,543,308 


4,083,877 


3,647,387 


1,439,862 


970,431 


2,515,360 


1,966,277 


4,169,974 






6,758 


8,547 


10,421 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7,762 


NA 


KA 




number... 


128,253 


128,927 


115,564 


NA 


NA 


NA 


73,362 


NA 


KA 




value, dollars .. . 


1,667,289 


2,062,832 


1,220,376 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 






9,541 


13,729 


16,349 


NA 


23,030 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number... 


88,342 


101,829 


129,095 


NA 


158,546 


NA 


131,999 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars. . . 


3,091,970 


4,480,476 


2,863,501 


NA 


1,439,862 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 






1,367 


1,695 


1,508 


1,911 


2,632 


3,799 


4,332 


3,636 


4,739 




number... 


38,014 


45,193 


49,734 


48,296 


56,410 


93,518 


194,152 


91,878 


103,027 




value, dollars . . . 


626,773 


626,183 


879,532 


460,448 


365,794 


434,859 


1,848,574 


908,842 


1,262,798 






850 


1,131 


1,247 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,922 




number... 


8,509 


10,037 


20,705 


NA 


NA 


NA 


87,042 


17,159 


13,031 




value, dollars . . . 


144,653 


150,555 


347,149 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


123,730 






1,304 


1,612 


1,460 


NA 


2,632 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


29,505 


35,156 


29,029 


NA 


56,410 


NA 


107,110 


74,719 


89,996 




value, dollars. . . 


482,120 


475,628 


532,383 


NA 


365,794 


NA 


1,234,143 


NA 


1,139,068 


Ewes 




1,269 


1,552 


1,430 


1,734 


2,362 


3,637 


NA 


NA 


4,579 




number. . . 


27,497 


32,831 


26,540 


36,864 


48,313 


78,720 


100,597 


71,589 


85,480 




value, dollars. . . 


439,952 


426,803 


489,019 


329,308 


318,041 


354,240 


1,167,946 


NA 


1,075,642 






1,037 


1,200 


972 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


KA 




number... 


2,008 


2,325 


2,489 


NA 


8,097 


NA 


6,513 


3,130 


4,516 




value, dollars . . . 


42,168 


48,825 


43,364 


NA 


47, 753 


NA 


66,197 


NA 


63,426 






14,073 


22,473 


28,226 


34,046 


34,847 


39,416 


39,648 


44,788 


45,564 




number... 


2,093,034 


2,706,466 


2,949,966 


3,793,011 


3,139,761 


3,589,071 


3,777,072 


4,198,305 


3,436,376 




value, dollars . . 


2,511,641 


3,112,436 


3,573,245 


5,046,213 


2,246,105 


2,440,568 


3,714,457 


4,697,526 


3,724,798 






184 


513 


1,577 


NA 


6,110 


9,858 


NA 


NA 


11,257 




number. . 


6,414 


22,476 


40,619 


NA 


51,602 


74,068 


NA 


NA 


55,323 




value, dollars . . 


35,277 


100,002 


211,099 


NA 


119,175 


207,390 


NA 


NA 


262,901 



10 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 7.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 for livestock sold alive and dairy products sold are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



Value of sales of livestock and/or livestock products 
including poultry and poultry products dollars. 

Any livestock sold alive (cattle, horses 

and mules, hogs, and sheep) farms reporting . 

value of sales, dollars . 
Livestock products other than poultry 

and poultry products value of sales, dollars . 

Poultry and poultry products farms reporting. 

value of sales, dollars . 

LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 
Cattle and/or calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Cattle, not counting calves farms reporting . 

number. 

dollars . 
Calves farms reporting . 

number. 

dollars. 

Horses and/or mules sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 

dollars . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number. , 

dollars. . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars . . 

SHEEP SHORN ANDM10L 

Sheep and/or lambs shorn farms reporting . . 

number shorn . . 

pounds of vvoi ' . . 

value, dollars.. 

Lambs shorn farms reporting . . 

pounds of wool . . 

Other sheep shorn farms reporting . . 

number shorn . . 
pounds of wool . . 

LITTERS F »RP.0«ED 
Litters farrowed, December 1, previous year 

to November 30, Census year farms reporting . . 

number of litters . . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting . . 

number of litters. . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting ■ ■ 

number of litters.. 

POULTRY AXD POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

number. . 
dollars.. 

Broilers sold farms reporting. . 

number., 
dollars . . 

Other chickens sold farms reporting . . 

number. . 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, and miscellaneous 
poultry and their eggs sold farms reporting . . 

Turkeys raised farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Ducks sold farms reporting . . 

Geese sold farms reporting . . 

Guineas sold farms reporting. . 

number. . 

DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Any whole milk or cream sold farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Average sales per farm reporting dollars . . 

Milk sold as whole milk farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Cream sold farms reporting . . 

pounds of bullcrfal . . 
dollars . . 



NA Not available. 
1 A11 dairy products sold. 
2 Published values for 1945 and 1940 i 
products sold. 
3 Butter sold. 



Census of — 



13,586 

237,449 

27,018,583 

9,620 

103,300 

21,893,046 

10,321 

134, 149 

5,125,537 

637 

1,758 

1,352,602 

6,697 

222,446 

7,118,272 

1,101 

30,448 

426,272 



1,248 
30,546 
210,229 
94,605 



4,227 

1,224 

29,662 

206,002 



5,309 
35,677 

4,519 
17,938 



6,617 

81,906,363 

48,465,592 

1,652 

80,823,000 

47,685,570 

5,055 

1,083,363 

780,022 

7,055 

18,205,423 

6,736,010 



6,990 

63,625,107 

9,102 

6,195 

1,412,748,859 

63,423,781 



16,116 

244,012 

17,696,536 

10,829 

104,891 

14,742,890 

13,537 

139,121 

2,953,646 

667 

1,476 

953,281 

7,946 

217,820 

7,110,035 

1,301 

30,095 

470,570 



1,468 
36,549 
245,171 
125,036 



7,047 
41,402 

5,244 
19,096 

5,550 
22,306 



8,511 

47,469,524 

31,919,271 

1,658 

46,094,361 

30,637,106 

7,053 

1,375,163 

1,282,165 

11,367 

17,773,443 

7,402,496 



2,430 

3,508,830 

2,019 

702,579 



6,246 

7,652 

1,247,259,800 

55,435,781 

1,284 

788,732 

382,219 



18,110 

178,275 

15,833,881 

10,069 

69,586 

12,447,732 

15,639 

108,689 

3,386,1/49 

1,866 

4,058 

836,858 

11,573 

232,085 

6,444,475 

1,196 

21,629 

403,843 



1,291 
27,308 
173,392 
73,424 



13,434 
39,672,298 
34,312,740 



16,626 
18,828,187 
8,940,944 



3,533 

2,282,075 

2,717 

341,774 



1 11,722 
1 47,218,262 



8,821 

970,262,032 

46,553,246 

2,050 

927,480 

490,713 



19,719 

170,259 

10,431,020 



NA 

NA 

11,045 

234,640 

4,908,117 

1,368 

29,177 

288,839 



10,245 
844,628,678 
2 31,657,642 

2,040 
908,662 
2 405,992 



16,267 

128,803 

3,615,702 

8,369 

45,126 

2,545,437 

13,485 

83,677 

1,070,265 

NA 

NA 

NA 

8,848 

156,405 

2,032,819 

1,905 

36,071 

236,000 



2,321 
49,857 
320,750 
83,721 



19,120 
8,449,787 
4,952,348 



1 15,306,093 

x 959 

10,691 

664,656,796 

2 14,860,366 

2,126 

1,070,515 

2 214,972 

3 4,169 

2 230,755 



3,538 
82,383 
505,445 
131,416 



3,813 
88,577 
556,255 
201,908 



27,655 
3,563,273 
3,773,843 



33,255 
22,401,915 
7,509,975 



1 21,047 
l 18,715,877 



12,452 
559,688,963 
17,088,913 



3 8,796 
3 952,303 



70,627 
429,914 
169,488 



the basis of average prices. For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal the enumerated value of all dairy 



MARYLAND 



11 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: ' CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 















Census of — 












an.uons, see text) 




















(For definitions and exp 


1959 


1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 






(Oct. -Nov.) 


(Oct. -Nov. ) 


(April 1) 


{January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(January 1) 






25 122 


32 500 


36,107 
31,048 


41,275 
38,088 


42,110 
38,619 


44,412 
42,700 


43,203 

41,185 


49,001 

NA 


47,908 
NA 






21,881 


27,744 






1,455,921 


1,571,744 


1,531,421 


1,745,261 


1,608,856 


1,677,434 


1,741,615 


1,777,513 


2 1,991,030 


Total value of crops harvested, 




















Including horticultural specialties 




















and forest products 


dollars. . . 


116,158,933 


120,345,447 


97,869,679 


106,383,822 


45,548,712 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Total value of crops eold, 


lnc luding 




















horticultural specialties 


























75,082,988 


70,068,064 


55,471,636 


52,018,482 


24,989,771 


NA 


37,704,547 


NA 


NA 


Com: 






















Corn for all purposes . . 


. .farms reporting . . . 


16,890 


22,243 


25,370 


30,284 


32,116 


35,544 


35,245 


38,470 


NA 




acres . . . 


461,666 


498,252 


440,888 


501,382 


488,655 


480,601 


498,888 


515,538 


NA 




value, dollars. . . 


31,323,674 


32,947,204 


25,125,391 


22,479,832 


10,918,735 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Harvested for grain. 


..farms reporting... 


16,057 


21,278 


24,687 


29,730 


31,737 


35,066 


34,629 


37,028 


42,389 






398,318 


427,038 


393,358 


451,303 


456,501 


451,207 


463,293 


480,801 


619,265 




bushels. . . 


21,580,372 


18,070,605 


16,761,266 


15,904,495 


15,449,757 


13,104,956 


14,543,218 


13, 345,718 


21,083,076 




. . farms reporting . . . 


8,303 


8,681 


3 7,720 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


13,061 




bushels. . . 


11,978,419 


7,986,393 


4,852,546 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


5,067,706 




dollars. . . 


14,134,537 


12,378,912 


'5,592,445 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


7,854,944 




..farms reporting... 


4,838 


5,390 


4,228 


NA 


3,258 


NA 


2,774 


2,022 


NA 






60,019 


65,082 


41,017 


NA 


28, 118 


NA 


25,979 


18,311 


NA 


tons, green weight... 


663,426 


606,860 


385,575 


NA 


272,740 


NA 


216,019 


127,752 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or 


cut for 




















green or dry fodder 


..farms reporting... 


414 


651 


864 


NA 


616 


NA 


NA 


NA 


'14,132 




acres... 


3,329 


6,132 


6,513 


NA 


4,036 


NA 


9,616 


16,426 


'219,684 


Sorghums: 






















Sorghums for all 
























..farms reporting... 


NA 


NA 


2 


'276 


103 


NA 


28 


NA 


NA 






1,424 


669 


25 


'2,537 


489 


197 


118 


193 


2,167 




value, dollars... 


112,091 


32,207 


500 


'107,965 


8,585 


3,593 


2,103 


NA 


27,426 


Harvested for grain 
























. . farms reporting . . . 


30 


17 


2 


5 


6 


4 


4 


NA 


6 






223 


233 


25 


28 


19 


13 


5 


9 


7 




bushels. . . 


8,312 


7,768 


500 


455 


461 


339 


108 


129 


138 




..farms reporting... 


16 


NA 


1 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




bushels. . . 


NA 


3,884 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars. .. 


4,390 


5,049 


350 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Cut for silage 


..farms reporting — 


67 


31 




NA 


12 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 






1,161 


435 




NA 


84 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons, green weight... 


13,690 


2,929 




NA 


767 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or 


cut for 




















dry forage or hay. . . 


. . farms reporting . . . 


3 






NA 


77 


NA 


NA 


NA 


79 




acres. . . 


40 






NA 


380 


NA 


NA 


NA 


2,086 




tons cut. . . 


55 






NA 


672 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,950 




..farms reporting... 








NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 












NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars . . . 








NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Harvested for sirup. . 


..farms reporting... 




1 




NA 


8 


NA 




NA 


143 








1 




NA 


6 


NA 




2 


74 




gallons . . . 




60 




NA 


398 


NA 




NA 


2,705 




..farms reporting... 




NA 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars . . . 




71 




NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Small grains harvested: 
























. . farms reporting . . . 


7,846 


10,100 


13,086 


16,591 


NA 


NA 


NA 


20,018 


NA 






150,287 


185,932 


305,884 


359,495 


348,547 


408,063 


506,499 


484,659 


664,295 




bushels . . . 


3,708,867 


4,715,287 


5,719,200 


8,348,063 


6,581,115 


7,620,290 


9,095,169 


7,664,394 


9,620,526 




value, dollars... 


6,193,808 


10,279,326 


10,461,486 


12,985,223 


5,152,785 


7,086,997 


10,757,043 


10,761,689 


21,357,568 






6,602 




9,853 
4,249,656 








NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 




bushels — 


3,258,306 


3,922^344 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars . . . 


5,441,373 


8,550,712 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Oats 


farms reporting 


5,081 


7,076 
72,214 


4 581 


4 651 


4 319 


5,312 

34,276 


6,593 

41,734 


6,719 
40,135 


8,486 
48,891 




acres... 


52,728 


37,750 


36,513 


30 ) 037 




bushels. . . 


2,147,604 


2,916,686 


1,224,576 


1,146,052 


827,623 


1,085,716 


1,164,583 


1,173,397 


1,082,994 




value, dollars... 


1,589,227 


2,333,349 


930,372 


1,025,315 


364,861 


586,287 


650,922 


752,682 


1,028,845 




..farms reporting... 


621 


1,059 


382 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,066 




bushels. . . 


194,911 


327,017 


77,045 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


101,639 




dollars — 


144,235 


261,613 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


w 


96,557 


Barley 


..farms reporting... 


5,054 


6,580 


6,452 


6,273 


6,085 


4,654 


1,596 


1,755 


1,099 




acres. . . 


73,223 


83,847 


77,901 


67,412 


59,745 


36,869 


9,832 


10,783 


3,888 




bushels. . . 


2,671,911 


3,180,346 


2,621,898 


2,075,524 


1,835,675 


992,129 


286,208 


288,522 


111,221 




value, dollars. . . 


2,538,315 


3,116,739 


2,241,068 


2,556,062 


905,697 


585,356 


244,453 


259,671 


144,589 






1,445 














NA 
NA 


170 
10,140 




bushels . . . 


893,398 


633^377 


449)358 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars .. . 


848,727 


620,708 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


13,182 




farms Dortine 


1 835 


1 774 


1 353 


2 585 


2 116 


3 435 


2 463 


2,471 
14,610 


4,178 
21,196 




acres... 


17,213 


17ll82 


11^091 


22)066 


16,045 


22)649 


18,409 




bushels . . . 


333,138 


320,643 


163,119 


364,916 


235,746 


299,454 


232,727 


183,575 


230,596 




value , dollars . . . 


419,754 


480,964 


229,861 


520,609 


157,962 


230,580 


249,701 


218,597 


380,486 




. .farms reporting . . . 


854 


844 


522 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




bushels. .. 


194,179 


176,362 


65,570 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars. . . 


244,668 


264,542 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. .farms reporting . . . 


138 


364 


558 


NA 


1,012 


NA 


1,333 


1,617 


2,168 






768 


1,621 


2,447 


NA 


4,166 


NA 


6,448 


6,948 


8,736 




bushels. . . 


17,581 


45,032 


51,235 


NA 


79,142 


NA 


118,817 


118,625 


168,639 




value, dollars... 


22,855 


44,131 


59,945 


NA 


49,365 


NA 


109,299 


131,135 


252,963 




. .farms reporting. . . 


41 


87 


69 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




bushels. . . 


7,793 


20,089 


7,503 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars . . . 


10,132 


19,688 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Other grains 


..farms reporting... 


33 


36 


28 


108 


NA 


89 


NA 




NA 






334 


328 


282 


1,314 


1,790 


855 


870 




77 




bushels. . . 


9,847 


10,880 


5,746 


31,696 


40,317 


25,775 


19,791 




1,662 




value, dollars. . . 


10,832 


13,056 


7,228 


38,037 


24,671 


19,331 


17,809 




2,420 




. .farms reporting . . . 


3 


6 


12 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




bushels. . . 


2,579 


1,384 


2,806 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




dollars . . . 


2,837 


1,661 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



12 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Census of — 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Annual legumes: 

Soybeans grown for all 


5,389 

193,958 


-6,355 

156,503 


5,493 
77,737 


8,749 
86,269 


7,098 
60,149 


4,684 
30,513 


3,920 
26,471 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


Harvested for beans. .. .farms reporting... 

bushels. . . 
value, dollars ■ . . 


4,417 

183,393 

4,439,382 

9,100,733 


4,521 

137,445 

2,489,419 

6,596,960 


3,013 

55,971 

928,440 

1,726,126 


2,026 
29,689 

385,801 
819,729 


1,282 

13,087 
179,789 
175,801 


786 

NA 

85,481 

91,465 


NA 

NA 

54,363 

121,527 


NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 


272 
1,124 
11,572 
61,332 




8,834,372 

531 

3,046 

5,118 

122,832 


6,069,204 

1,729 
11,410 
15,935 
581,628 


NA 

2,474 
13,841 
20,738 
435,498 


NA 

6,681 

48,713 

62,744 

1,451,562 


NA 

6,055 

38,349 
56,391 
696,832 


NA 

5,524 
31,623 
40,569 
543,625 


NA 

4,365 
25,495 
34,601 
543,236 


NA 

NA 

26,751 

NA 

NA 


NA 


value , dollars . . . 


3,042 
15,114 
19,162 
498,212 




9,828 

462 

5,695 

159,460 


40,713 

411 

5,196 

239,016 


NA 

248 
2,141 
58,314 


NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 


NA 


Hogged or grazed, or cut 

value, dollars... 


NA 
NA 
NA 


Plowed under for green 


232 
1,824 


265 
2,452 


686 
5,784 


NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 




NA 


Hay crops (see text): 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating. -farms reporting... 


.408,493 

4,571 
104,464 


447,405 

4,982 

83,440 


'413,956 

4,960 
63,005 


'409,182 

4,926 
48,386 


'365,619 

4,537 
37,105 


'368,848 

4,467 
34,166 


'349,037 

3,190 
21,262 


'396,096 

2,897 
18,748 


370,086 

2,062 
11,909 


value , dollars . . . 


287,373 
8,190,131 


154,964 
6,740,934 


140,484 
3,811,645 


95,024 
2,944,813 


78,660 
1,249,294 


72,435 
1,072,038 


41,305 
798,752 


NA 

NA 


25,142 
854,828 


Sales farms reporting 


461 


280 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 


17,949 


6,889 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


511,551 


299,673 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Clover, timothy, and mixtures 
of clover and grasses 


9,376 
203,244 


12,133 
238,661 


15,258 
270,600 


17,851 
298,012 


18,573 
270,767 


22,098 
308,238 


NA 

304,719 


NA 
338,743 


NA 

329,705 


value , dollars . . . 


327,940 
7,378,650 


299,316 
10,925,034 


384,710 
8,611,119 


329,997 
8,697,407 


326,486 
4,033,432 


392,481 
4,984,509 


374,901 
5,259,321 


NA 
NA 


370,513 
10,279,794 




1,094 


855 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 


24,110 


15,788 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars — 


542,482 


576,262 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting... 


3,016 
41,544 


4,092 

57,725 


4,731 
53,560 


3,625 

39,142 


2,383 

21,155 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


value , dollars . . . 


60,555 
1,574,430 


64,206 
2,311,416 


66,350 
1,459,700 


37,011 
896,930 


21,234 
287,938 


NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 

NA 




210 


208 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 


2,764 


2,327 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


71,864 


83,772 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Oats, wheat, harley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting. . . 


615 
5,722 


1,282 

10,689 


NA 
'6,573 


NA 
'10,297 


NA 
'9,696 


NA 

'7,482 


NA 
'7,688 


NA 
'10,915 


1,764 
6,357 


value, dollars — 


8,224 
180,928 


13,751 
440,032 


4,809 
'158,337 


3,355 

'247,468 


7,719 
'105,185 


3,815 

51,502 


4,809 
67,326 


NA 
NA 


7,746 
178,158 




21 


33 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 


134 


348 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


2,948 


11,136 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




1,579 
25,857 


2,067 
32,821 


1,568 

18,711 


NA 
13,345 


NA 
25,775 


NA 
18,962 


NA 
15,368 


NA 
27,690 


NA 
22,115 


value, dollars... 


34,460 
723,660 


36,541 
840,443 


23,702 
474,040 


13,184 
260,922 


29,209 
297,364 


18,718 
230,285 


19,324 

255,695 


NA 
NA 


22,331 

467,474 




101 


132 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


tons... 


1,748 


2,193 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


dollars . . . 


36,708 


50,439 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Grass silage made from grasses, 
alfalfa, clover, or 


1,426 
27,662 


1,123 
24,069 


317 
5,441 


NA 
NA 


1O55 
10 1,121 


NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 


tons, green weight... 
value , dollars . . . 


167, 528 
1,172,696 


126,132 
882,924 


28,428 
210,271 


NA 
NA 


10 4,845 
10 24,225 


NA 
NA 


NA 

NA 


NA 
NA 


NA 
NA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 



13 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Field seed crops harvested: 

Alfalfa seed farms reporting. 

value, dollars. 
Sales dollars . 



value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Red clover seed farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 
value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

White clover seed farms reporting.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Fesoue seed farms reporting. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars. . 

Lespedeza seed farms reporting.. 

pounds. . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Orchardgrass seed farms reporting.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Ryegrass seed farms reporting.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Timothy seed farms reporting. . 

value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars. . 

Wheatgrass seed farms reporting. . 

pounds. . 
value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Other field seed crops acres.. 

value, dollars.. 
Sales dollars. . 

Other field crops harvested: 

Irish potatoes for home use 
or for sale farms reporting. . 

bushels., 
value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Popcorn farms reporting. . 

pounds (ear corn) . . 
value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars. . 

Root and grain crops hogged or 
grazed, other than corn, 
sorghums, and soybesns. .farms reporting.. 

value , dollars . . 
Sweetpotatoes farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

value, dollars. . 

SaleB dollars.. 

Tobacco farms reporting. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars.. 

Wormseed oil farms reporting. . 

pounds of oil. . 
value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars.. 

Other field crops acres . . 

value, dollars.. 

SaleB dollars. . 

Value of specified crops harvested, 
except fruits, nuts, horticultural 

specialties, and vegetables dollars.. 

Value of crops sold, except fruits, 
nuts, horticultural specialties, 
and vegetables dollars . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



10,366 

9,813 

186,447 

111,868 



48,917 
5,870 
5,381 



4,091 

3,770 

819,473 

1,081,704 

778,503 

35 

508 

868,814 

20,355 

20,355 



15 

185 

3,330 

1,461 

3,988 

961,823 

1,779,373 

1,490,828 

4,384 

39,608 

32,567,804 

17,912,292 

17,912,292 

43 

205 

12,357 

38,905 

38,905 



6,801 

4,851 

128,066 

64,034 



42,198 
7,596 
5,316 



10,207 

4,580 

747,206 

1,203,002 

873,268 

95 

1,538 

2,316,118 

92,645 

78,749 



3,696 
4,603 
4,244 



5,585 

47,645 

38,297,862 

15,319,145 

15,319,145 

180 

981 

56,808 

198,828 

198,828 



1,404 
17,089 
10,703 
338,213 



13,260 


17,627 


13,928 


3,071,489 


3,682,302 


2,770,746 


245,719 


662,814 


166,241 


184,290 


570,020 


HI 


10 


10 


12 


290 


135 


339 


30,176 


27,210 


54,236 


6,940 


6,530 


8,135 


6,710 


4,571 


KA 



12,938 

9,259 

1,338,394 

2,036,224 



4,272 

5,999 

873,082 

1,623,368 

KA 

5,741 

46,885 

35,532,656 

17,233,339 



8,402 

6,780 

163,248 



17,279 

16,131 

1,330,773 

2,387,941 



5,670 

<.3,781 

31,721,528 

17,439,583 



"2,997 
"36,826 
u 33,684 
'258,394 



3,340 
608,473 
30,965 



19,187 

19,406 

1,930,081 

1,762,411 



5,543 

7,363 

1,266,596 

837,721 

KA 

5,284 

39,911 

28,209,323 

5,352,969 



27,379 

33,547 

3,404,271 

1,838,306 



7,266 

7,379 

949,981 

750,485 



5,636 

36,381 

24,798,728 

4,711,758 



w l,996 
12 22,035 
12 30,223 
2 355,337 



29,755 

29,958 

3,366,152 

4,611,931 



8,148 

8,984 

1,629,673 

1,599,256 



5,477 

32,864 

21,624,127 

5,846,647 



25,963 

36,501 

3,408,106 

2,876.980 



5,949 

6,683 

941,314 

1,317,839 

KA 

5,773 

31,700 

22,473,735 

6,236,889 



14 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Census of — 



Vegetables for home use and for sale 

(other than Irish and sweet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for 

home use 1 5 farms reporting 

value, dollars 
Vegetables harvested for 
sale 16 farms reporting 

Sales dollars 

Asparagus farms reporting 

Beans, green lima farms reporting 

Beans, snap (bush and 
pole types) farms reporting 

Beets (table) farms reporting 

Broccoli farms reporting 

Cabbage farms reporting 

Cantaloups and 
muskmelons farms reporting 

Carrots farms reporting 

Cauliflower farms reporting 

Collards farms reporting 

Corn, sweet farms reporting 

Cucumbers and pickles. farms reporting 

Kale farms reporting 

Lettuce and romalne ... farms reporting 
Mustard greens.'. farms reporting 

Okra farms reporting 

Onions, green farms reporting 

Peas, green farms reporting 

Peppers, hot farms reporting 

Peppers , sweet farms reporting 

Pumpkins farms reporting 

Rutabagas farms reporting 

Spinach farms reporting 

Squash farms reporting 

Tomatoes farms reporting 

Turnip greens farms reporting 

Turnips farms reporting 

Watermelons farms reporting 

Mixed vegetables farms reporting 

Other vegetables acres 

Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 19 
Blackberries and 
dewberries farms reporting 

value, dollars 
Blueberries (tame) farms reporting 

value, dollars 
Raspberries farms reporting 

value, dollars 
Strawberries farms reporting 

quarts 
value, dollars 

Other berries and small fruits acres 

value, dollars 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,565 

82,065 

9,333,424 



5,345 

94,078 

10,838,366 



2,506 
33,019 
1,346 
3,863 



7,711 

' 99,869 

9,808,008 



1,434 

734 

8,835 



3,467 
34,105 
2,029 
6,448 



346 

370 

394,051 

139,474 

1,428 

1,609 

2,118,826 

646,785 

1 



14,240 

. 161,913 

14,782,559 



796 

713 

790,807 

238,643 

1,252 

1,522 

1,504,454 

456,719 



12,941 

118,366 

5,742,884 



1,913 
1,170 
4,725 



3,840 
27,980 
1,912 
4,197 



1,034 
913 

1,061,292 

119,084 

3,348 

6,238 

8,169,226 

690,872 



1,124 



4,056 

7,270 

11,756,334 

646,598 



18,776 

154,196 

11,796,789 



1,844 

716 

2,259 



6,515 
45,217 
2,586 
3,490 



2,782 

11,694 

( l 8) 

"362 



1,418 
1,116 
2,453 



1,197 

821 

802,238 

134,252 

6,022 

9,390 

16,804,082 

1,837,912 

14 

1,552 



MARYLAND 



15 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Census of — 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 

Land In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees farms reporting. 

Apples farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 
age farms reporting. 

Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Cherries farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages ....number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 

value, dollars. 
Sales dollars. 

Cherries, sour farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 
age farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars. 

Cherries, sweet farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 
age ...farms reporting. 

Trees of bearing 
age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 

pounds. 

va lue , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Figs farms reporting. , 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting.. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds. . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars. . 

Grapes farms reporting . 

Vines of all ages number . 

Vines not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Vines of bearing 
age farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Peaches farms reporting . . 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . . 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,560,146 
2,652,246 
2,605,445 



510,821 
37,458 
37,458 



14,596 

154 
2,530 



454,191 
31,794 
31,794 



56,630 
5,664 
5,664 



453,589 
1,111,294 

1,111,294 



112,797 

1,549 

321,423 

1,176 

1,502,107 

3,079,323 

3,079,323 



320,054 
35,209 
35,209 



98,848 
4,939 
4,939 



487,862 
1,170,868 
1,170,868 



7,775 

437,611 

3,792 

1,157,099 

2,113,531 

HA 



4,209 
32,445 
2,382 

182,005 

9,758 

NA 



3,667 
401,687 

1,803 
453,532 

797,478 



11,958 

766,388 

9,609 

2,075,261 

1,197,701 

NA 



5,106 

3,336 
16,911 
1,786 
152,092 
9,503 



NA 



NA 



11,913 

4,307 
68,395 
3,257 
588,572 
14,713 
NA 



418,631 

3,269 

497,567 

511,316 



533,512 


680,258 


NA 


NA 


53,774 


654,669 


91,416 


838,421 



16 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes ^-Continued 

Pears farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number... 10,050 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. . . 

number... 5,390 

Trees of bearing 
age farms reporting... 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels... 5,134 

value, dollars... 11,556 

Sales dollars . . . 11, 556 

Plums and prunes farms reporting . . . 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing 
age farms reporting... 

Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels... 16,197 

value, dollars... 46,972 

Sales dollars. . . 46,972 

Chestnuts farms reporting. . . 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing 
age farms reporting. . . 

Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

pounds. . . 28,065 

value, dollars... 5,612 

Sales dollars. . . 5,612 

Walnuts, black (planted).. farms reporting — 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . . . 

number... 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

pounds. . . 

value , dollars . . . 

Sales dollars... 

Other tree fruits and 

nuts value, dollars.. . 

Sales dollars. .. 



7>685 
13,450 
13,450 



16,539 
37,213 
37,213 



32,212 
1,610 
1,610 



4,235 
20,347 

1,963 

13,535 

22,116 

HA 



1,678 

209 

3,909 



4,280 

5,533 
39,604 

3,948 

41,754 

27,259 

NA 



1,000 

1 

3,000 



4,421,385 
4,374,582 



5,011,422 
5,011,422 



3,819,210 
2,900,242 



6,687,707 
4,596,551 



2,590,539 
1,994,652 



HA Hot available. 

Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Flgures for cropland harvested and specified crops relate to the crop years 1959, 1954, 1949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 1924, and 1919. 

2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn 
harvested for grain. 

3 Value of corn and other corn products sold. 

4 Corn cut for forage. 

5 Sorghums for all purposes, except for sirup. 

6 The 1944 and 1939 figures do not include acres plowed under for green manure. The 1944 figures are for acres grown alone. 

7 For 1944, soybeans and cowpeas harvested for hay. Prior to 1944, annual legumes saved for hay, but excluding vetches in 1924. 

8 For all Censuses, except 1950, obtained by adding the individual hay crops. 

9 Includes oats cut for feeding unthreshed. 
10 Silage crops other than corn and sorghums. 

1 Clover seed, except sweetclover. 

2 Clover seed, including sweetclover. 

3 For 1959 and 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested; for 1949, does not include acreage for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. 

text. 

^Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing privileges. 

5 Excludes Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes , except for the 1920 Census which included potatoes for home use only. 

6 Excludes Irish and sweet potatoes. 

7 Green lima beans included with snap beans. 

8 Hot peppers included with sweet peppers. 

9 For Censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. 
Z0 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. See text. 
21 Does not Include acreage for farms reporting less than 1/2 acre. See text. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 9.-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



17 



ms and explanations. 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs, grown for sale: 

Nursery and green hi nj-;i> [nwlucls, flower 
and vegetable soe<ls and plants, flowers, 

and bulbs sold farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 
On farms with sales of 

$2,000 or more farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Nursery products (trees, shrubs, 
vines, ornamentals, ele.) farms reporting . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist 
greens, and bedding plants farms reporting. . 

Grown under glass farms reporting . . 

square feet . . 
Grown in the open farms reporting. . 

Sales dollars . . 

Vegetables gmsvn under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, 
bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting . . 

Grown under glass or in house farms reporting . . 

square feet. , 
Grown in the open .farms reporting . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Any forest products cut and/or sold farms reporting . . 

Sales of any forest products farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting . 

dollars . , 

Sales of all other forest products farms reporting . 

dollars . . 

Sales of firewood, pulpwood, fence posts, sawiogs, 
veneer logs, and Christmas trees .... .farms reporting. . 
dollars.. 

Sales of other miscellaneous 

products farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting. 

cords (4' x 4' x 8') . 

Sales. „ farms reporting . 

cords (4' x 4' x 8'). 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting. 

cords (4' x4' x 8'). 

Fence posts cut. farms reporting . 

number. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Sawiogs and veneer logs cut farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet . 

Sales farms reporting . 

thousands of board feel . 

Christmas trees sold farms reporting. 

Maple sirup made farms reporting. 

gallons. 

Buckets hung farms reporting. 

number . 



Census of — 



585,528 
3,986 



5,995 

272 
9,506 



10 1,060 
1,011,816 



287,751 

65 

380 

433,479 



1,058,284 

784 
627,180 



NA 
NA 

102 
11,097 

14 107 
14 25,443 

19 
1,500 



*2, 932,349 



NA Not available. 

1 Excludes data for farms unclassified as to type. 

2 Trees, plants, vines, etc., in nurseries; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 

3 Flowers and flowering plants grown for sale. 

A Crops grown under glass (flowers, plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. 

5 Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass; and flowers grown in the open. 

6 Total square feet under glass . 

7 Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown in the open. 

8 Value of flower and vegetable seeds; and vegetable plants. 

^Excludes farms reporting only sales of maple sirup. 
10 Does not include farms reporting only maple sirup and/or maple sugar sold. 

xl Not strictly comparable with other years as figures probably include some reports of firewood used on farms. 
12 Does not include value of sales of maple sirup and maple sugar. 
13 Figures include sales of standing timber. 
^Maple trees tapped. 



18 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 10.— CHARACTERISTICS OF PLACES NOT COUNTED AS FARMS BECAUSE OF CHANGE IN 

DEFINITION OF FARM: 1959 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Operators by days of work off place in 1959: 

No days operators reporting 

1 to 49 days operators reporting 

60 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

Operators not reporting number. 

Operators reporting other income of family exceeding 
value of farm products sold operators reporting 

Cattle and calves of all ages places reporting 

number 

Cows, including heifers that have calved places reporting 

number 

Hogs and pigs places reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over places reporting 

number 

Com harvested for all purposes places reporting 

Hay harvested places reporting 



Places excluded as farms by change in definition , 1954-1959 .- number 

Cropland harvested places reporting 



Operators by tenure: 

Full owners number 

Part owners and managers number 

Tenants number 



Operators by cola 

White 

Nonwhite 



Operators by year began operation of present pla< 



950 or carl i a 



. operators reporting 
.operators reporljng 
.operators reporting 
. operators reporting 
. operators reporting 
.operators reporting 



Operators by age: 

Under 55 years operators reporting 

55 to 64 years operators reporting 

65 or more years operators reporting 

Operators not reporting age number 



1,455 

807 
1,505 



State Table 11.— DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Census of 1959 
Census starting date— November 11 

Approximate average date of enumeration week of. 

Percent of farms enumerated during- 

October 1 to 10 

October 11 to 17 

October 18 to 24 

October 25 to 31 

November 1 to 7 

November 8 to 14 

November 15 to 21 

November 22 to 28 

November 29 to December 5 

December 6 to 12 

December 13 to 19 

December 20 or later 

Z Less than 0.5. 



Census of 1954 
Census starting date — November 

Approximate average date of enumeration , 

Percent of farms enumerated during— 

October lto9 

October 10 to 16 

October 17 to 23 

October 24 to 31 

November 1 to 6 

November 7 to 13 

November 14 to 20. 

November 21 to 27 

November 28 to December 4 

December 5 to 11 

December 12 to 18 

December 19 to 31 



Nov. 22 -Nov. 



Nov. 21-Nov. 27 



MARYLAND 



19 



State Table 12.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON FARMS AND BY QUANTITY 
OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD:. CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



[Dnta for cattle and calvi 



I bayed on report* for only a sample of farms. Sep text] 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand farms r 



10 to 49 . . . 

io u> 19. 

20 to 49. 



Cows on hand, including heitets that have calved. . 



10 to 14... 
15 to 19 . . . 
50 to 29... 
30lo49... 
50 to 74 . . . 
75 .to 99... 
100 to 199. 
200 to 499. 
500 or more 



Milk cows on hand. . 



Cattle sold alive, excluding calves . 



10 to 19 

.10 to 39 

40 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 or more . . 
100 to 199. 



Hogs and pigs of all ages on hand . 



s reporting. 

s reporting. 

* reporting. 

* reporting. 

* reportmc. 

* reportinc. 



- ri-n.rtit'.c 
s reportinc. 



* ropnrlinp . 



- ro[«>rtinc . 
^ renortme. 

i reportmc. 
; reportmc. 
* reportinc. 



r„s reportinc. 
T.s reportinc. 

tis reportinc. 

ns reportinc, 
as reportinp. 






952 

2,473 
2,519 
6,803 
2,379 
4,424 
2,357 
749 
646 



IS 

13,942 
248,526 
2,219 
1,594 
1,570 
1,647 
1,088 
914 



11,323 

199,455 

2,203 

1,613 

1,327 

798 

582 



9,621 

103,315 

4,935 

2,360 

1,207 

470 

253 



10,322 

134,179 

3,487 



11 

11,468 

216, 595 

6,466 

2,766 

1,308 

618 

207 



5,309 
1,016 
1,042 



21,782 
513,644 
2,138 
4,599 
2,978 
9,163 



HA 

19,793 

277,454 

3,782 

2,534 

2,378 

2,504 

1,925 

1,474 

2,428 

1,893 

610 

151 



17,362 

224,240 

3,637 

2,567 

2,269 

1,837 

1,250 

1,181 

2,081 

1,681 

509 

104 



11,185 

100, 863 

6,062 

2,460 

1,530 

508 

179 



11 

13,735 

143,420 

5,405 

2,677 

3,411 

1,364 

448 

187 



HogS and pigs SOld alive farms reportinp. 






500 lo 999 farms 



r.'|.irtnir . 
reportinc. 
reportinc. 

reporting. 






Sheep and lambs ot all ages on hand farms reportinp. 

t'nder 25 farms reporting. 

25 lo 99 farms reporting. 

100 lo 299 farms reporting . 

300 to 999 farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,999 farms reporting. 

2.000 lo 4,999 farms reporting . 

5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Wool ShOtn (excluding lambs WOOl) farms reportinc. 

pounds. 

I'nder 1.000 pounds rarms reportinc. 

1,000 to 2.499 pounds farms reporting.. 

2,500 lo 4,999 pounds farms reporting . , 

5,000 lo 9,999 pounds farms reporting . , 

10,000 lo 19,999 pounds farms reporting . , 

20.000 lo 49,999 pounds farms reporting. . 

50,000 or more pounds farms reporting.. 

Chickens 4 months old and ovet on hand farms 



100 to 399 farms 

400 lo 799 farms 

S00 lo 1,599 farms 

1,600 lo 3.199 farms 

N, 200 of more farms 



Broilers (chickens) sold farms 

lender 2.000 farms 

2.000 lo 3,999 farms 

4,000 lo 7,999 farms 

6,000 lo 15,999 farms 

16,000 lo 29,999 farms 

30.000 lo 59.999 farms 

60,000 lo 99.999 farms 

100,000 or more farms 



number, 
r. -j s >rt i n c . 
reportinc. 

reporting, 
reporting. 

reportinc- ■ 
reportinp. . 

reportinp.. 

number. . 
reportinc. . 
reporting. . 

reporting. . 
reporting., 
reportinc. . 



Chickens (other than broilers) sold farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Under 50 farms reporting . 

50 to 99 farms reporting . . 

100 to 399 farms reporti np . . 

400 lo 799 farms reporting . . 

NWlo 1.599 .... farms reportinp.. 

farms reportinc 



1.60OI 
3.2P0 t 



1,4001 



. farms reportinp.. 
. farms reporting. 
. farms reportinc. 



Chicken eggs sold farms 

t nder 100 dozens farms 

100 to 39? dozens farms 

400 lo 739 dozens farms 

,O0fi to 4,999 dozens farms 

.000 or more dozens farms 

5.000 lo 9,999 dozens farms 

10.000 lo 19,999 dozens farms 

20.000 to 49,999 dozens farms 

50.000 or more dozens farms 



1.600 lo 1.999 i 



reportinc 
reportinc. 

renortinp. 
reportinp. 

reporting, 
ri'imrtinc. 
reportinc. 



Turkeys raised farms 



400 lo 79" farm 



- re|«iriinp . 
s reportinp. 

< reportinp. 



1,224 

206,002 

1,214 



14,073 

2,093,034 

7,270 

2,748 

3,082 

535 

256 



170 

5,055 

1,083,363 

1,419 

1,311 

1,783 

309 

143 



7,055 

18,205,423 

1,256 



20 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



(For definitions and explanatic 



CORN 
Acres harvested for all purposes farms reporting. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting , 

10 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting . 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting. 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 or more acres farms reporting . 

Acres harvested for grain farms reporting . 

hushels . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres . . : farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres fauns reporting . 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting . 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting , 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 or more acres farms reporting . 

Corn sold farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Under 100 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting . 

WHEAT 
Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 or more acres farms reporting , 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting. 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting , 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting , 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting , 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting, 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting, 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting, 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting , 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting, 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting, 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting, 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting, 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting, 

See footnotes at end of table . 



4,161 
5,703 
2,865 
1,412 
1,723 
4,222 
1,256 



16,057 




21,423 


398,318 




427,032 


21,580,372 




18,088,417 


3,042 




4,462 


3,164 
908 


} 


6,059 


2,127 




2,859 


876 




1,253 


1,214 




1,520 


782 




1,119 


1,869 




2,242 



1,756 
3,123 
1,663 



10,446 
188,965 

1,451 
2,390 

4,271 



OATS FOR GRAIN 
Acres harvested farms reporting . 



25 to 29 - 
30 to 49 ; 
50 to 99 . 



.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting ■ 

.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 



Under 20 bushels farms reporting . 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting. 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 



Under 25 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 



Acres harvested farms reporting . 



Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 or more acres farms reporting . 



Under 20 bushels farms reporting. 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting . 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting . 



Under 25 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 



1,179 
1,714 

1,164 



MARYLAND 



21 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

TDma for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions find explanations, 5 



{For definitions and explanatic 



RYE 
Acres harvested fauns reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting. 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting . 

200 to, 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 or more bushels. .- farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

SOYBEANS HARVESTED FOR BEANS 
Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES CUT FOR HAY 

AND FOR DEHYDRATING 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting - 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

tons. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting. 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 tons farms reporting. 

2,000 or more tons farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 or more tons farms reporting. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



294,003 
1,457 



CLOVER, TIMOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF CLOVER 
AND GRASSES CUT FOR HAY 
Acres harvested farms reporting. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

acres - .farms reporting. 

to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

to 199 acres farms reporting . 

to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

i0 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting. 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tans farms reporting . 

to 199 tons farms reporting. 

to 499 tons farms reporting . 

or more tons farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

•0 or more tons farms reporting. 

LESPEDEZA CUT FOR HAY 
Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

acres farms reporting . 

to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

to 29 acres farms reporting . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

to 99 acres farms reporting . 

IX to 199 acres farms reporting . 

•0 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting. 

20 to 24. tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting. 

or more tons farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

) or more tons farms reporting. 

OATS, WHEAT, BARLEY, RYE, OR OTHER SMALL 

GRAINS CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

1 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

acres . . *. farms reporting . 

i to 19 acres farms reporting . 

i to 24 acres farms reporting . 

to 29 acres farms reporting . 

i to 49 acres farms reporting . 

i to 99 acres farms reporting. 

O to 199 acres farms reporting . 

or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

to 49 tons farms reporting . 

to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

or more tons farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

Under 25 tans farms reporting . 

or more tons farms reporting. 



1,041 
1,622 
1,519 



"0 



3,198 
61,796 

2,094 



22 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

r Data for all crops except com, Irish potato*-, apples, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For deH nit 



md explanations, 



OTHER HAY CUT 
Acres harvested f aims reporting . 

Under 5 acres f aims reporting . 

5 to 9 acres f aims reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 or more acres farms reporting . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting. 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 or more tons farms reporting . 

Quantity sold farms reporting . 

Under 25 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 or more tons farms reporting . 

GRASS SILAGE MADE FROM GRASSES, ALFALFA, 

CLOVER, OR SMALL GRAINS 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting . 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

tons, green weight. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting . 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting . 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting . 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 tons farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 tons farms reporting. 

3,000 or more tons farms reporting. 

IRISH POTATOES 
Acres harvested for home use 
or for sale farms reporting . 

bushels . 
Under 1 acre farms reporting. 

bushels . 
1.0 to 1.9 acres farms reporting. 

bushels . 
2.0 to 2.9 acres farms reporting . 

bushels . 
3.0 to 4.9 acres farms reporting. 

bushels . 
5.0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting. 

bushels . 
10.0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting. 

bushels . 
25 .0 to 49 .9 acres farms reporting . 

bushels . 
50 or more acres farms reporting. 

bushels . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,749 
36,412 
1,192 



■■) 



10,207 
4,580 

747, 206 



TOBACCO 
Acres harvested farms reporting . , 

Under 0.5 acre farms reporting.. 

0.5 to 0.9 acre farms reporting.. 

1.0 to 1.4 acres farms reporting. . 

1.5 acres farms reporting.. 

1.6 to 1 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

2.0 to 2.4 acres farms reporting.. 

2.5 to 2.9 acres farms reporting. . 

3.0 to 4.9 acres farms reporting. . 

5 .0 to 9 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

10.0 to 19.9 acres farms reporting.. 

20 .0 to 24 .9 acres farms reporting . . 

25.0 to 29.9 acres farms reporting.. 

30.0 to 49.9 acres farms reporting. . 

50.0 to 99.9 acres farms reporting.. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . 

pounds . . 

Under 20 pounds farms reporting. , 

20 to 24 pounds farms reporting. , 

25 to 49 pounds farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 pounds farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 pounds farms reporting . , 

200 to 499 pounds farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 pounds farms reporting . . 

1,000 to 1,499 pounds farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 pounds farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 pounds farms reporting.. 

3,000 to 4,999 pounds farms reporting.. 

5,000 to 9,999 pounds farms reporting. , 

10,000 or more pounds farms reporting. , 

VEGETABLES HARVESTED FOR SALE 
(Other than Irish and sweet potatoes) 

Value of sales farms reporting . . 

dollars . , 

Under $20 farms reporting. , 

$20 to $24 farms reporting. . 

$25 to $49 farms reporting . . 

$50 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting . , 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . , 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $1,499 farms reporting.. 

$1,500 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $2,999 farms reporting.. 

$3,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

LAND IN BEARING AND NONBEARING FRUIT ORCHARDS, GROVES, 

VINEYARDS, AND PLANTED NUT TREES 2 
Acres in orchards farms reporting . . 

Under 0.5 acre farms reporting.. 

0.5 to 0.9 acre farms reporting.. 

1.0 to 1.4 acres farms reporting.. 

1 .5 acres farms reporting . , 

1.6 to 1.9 acres farms reporting.. 

2 .0 to 2 .4 acres farms reporting . . 

2.5 to 2.9 acres farms reporting.. 

3.0 to 4.9 acres farms reporting. . 

5.0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting.. 

10.0 to 19.9 acres farms reporting.. 

20.0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting. . 

25.0 to 29.9 acres farms reporting.. 

30.0 to 49.9 acres farms reporting.. 

50.0 to 99.9 acres farms reporting.. 

100 or more acres farms reporting . . 



1,341 
1,251 



::} 



1,208 
1,160 



MARYLAND 



23 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED. QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

iData for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, and forest products are based on report* for only asuimpleof farms. See text] 



APPLES 2 

Any apples farms reporting . , 

Trees of all ages number . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . . 

number . , 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. , 

bushels .-, 

Farms classified by number of trees of bearing age: 

No trees of bearing age farms reporting . . 

Nonbearing trees number . . 

Less than 20 trees of bearing age farms reporting., 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting., 

number . , 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. , 

number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting., 

bushels . . 

20 to 99 trees of bearing age farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number . , 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. . 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number . , 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

100 to 199 trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages * number . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

200 to 499 trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

500 to 999 trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting . 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 
1,000 or more trees of bearing age.... farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 



NA Not available. 

1 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 

2 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



1,023 


1,776 


341, 244 


434,220 


413 


645 


85,613 


112,797 


896 


1,549 


255,431 


321,423 


593 


1,176 


1,560,146 


1,502,107 



5,452 

36 

34,927 



20,584 


24,057 


10 


6 


3,299 


2,819 


26 


33 


17,285 


21,238 


25 


30 


86,285 


88,563 


45 


58 


265,858 


333,085 


27 


26 


65,633 


89,472 


45 


58 


200,225 


243,613 


45 


57 


1,317,215 


1,274,678 



FOREST PRODUCTS 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Under $25 farms reporting . 

$25 to $99 farms reporting . 

$100 to $299 farms reporting . 

$300 to $999 ' farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting. 

cords (4'x4'x8') . 

Under 25 cords farms reporting . 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting . 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting . 

100 to 499 cords farms reporting . 

500 or more cords farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

cords (4'x4'x8 r ). 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting. 

cords (Vx^xS'). 

Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting. 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting . 

100 to 199 cords farms reporting . 

200 to 499 cords farms reporting . 

500 or more cords farms reporting . 

Fence posts cut farms reporting. 

number. 

Under 100 fence posts farms reporting . 

100 to 499 fence posts farms reporting. 

500 to 999 fence posts farms reporting. 

1,000 to 4,999 fence posts farms reporting. 

5,000 or more fence posts farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Sawlogs and veneer logs sold farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet. 

Under 1,000 board feet farms reporting. 

1,000 to 2,499 board feet farms reporting. 

2,500 to 4,999 board feet farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 board feet farms reporting. 

10,000 to 19,999 board feet farms reporting. 

20,000 to 49,999 board feet farms reporting. 

50,000 to 99,999 board feet farms reporting. 

100,000 or more board feet farms reporting. 

Christinas trees sold farms reporting . 

number. 

Under 100 trees farms reporting. 

100 to 499 trees farms reporting . 

500 to 999 trees farms reporting . 

1,000 to 4,999 trees farms reporting. 

5,000 or more trees farms reporting. 



24 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 



[Figures on number of workers and wage r 



■ for hired persons working the week preceding (.; 



Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



Total all farms 



Economic class, 1959 



Commercial farms 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired worker* . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 o 



Hired Workers farms reporting , 

persons, 
9 reporting, 
9 reporting 
9 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
■j reporting 
3 reporting, 
persons. 
9 reporting, 
3 reporting 
r reporting. 
9 reporting 
9 reporting 
s reporting 
persons 
s reporting 
* reporting 
s reporting 
3 rejiorting 
3 reporting 
9 reporting 
9 reporting 
» reporting 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



aid on a monthly basis farms reporting, 

persons. 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . 

Average wage rate per person per month 



Under $50 per month . 
$50 to $84 per month. 

$85 to $109 per month 

$110 to $129 per month. . . 

a $169 per month. . . 

j $214 per month. . . 

) $274 per month. . . 

) $324 per month. . . 
$325 to $374 per month. . . 
$375 and over per month. . 



$275 t 



a reporting 
3 reporting 

9 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting . 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting 
3 reporting 



Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

persons 



Average hours worked per person per week. , 
Average wage rate per person per week 

Under $12 per week 

$12 to $24 per week 

$25 to $29 per week 

$30 to $39 per week 

$40 to $49 per week 

$50 to $59 per week 

$60 to $69 per week 

$70 to $79 per week 

$80 to $89 per week 

$90 and over per week 



dollai 



Paid on a daily basis farms 

Average hours *orked per person per day 

Average wage rate por person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting, 



9 reporting 
9 reporting 
9 reporting 
3 reporting 
9 re|*>rting 
9 reporting 
3 reporting 
s reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting. 

reporting 

persons , 

. .dollars 
reporting 
reporting 

reporting 
reporting. 
r.-'orr.T,'. 
reporting. 
(v purlin;;, 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting. 



erage wage rate per person per hour 

r $0.45 per hour farms 

i to $0. 54 per hour farms 

i to $0.64 per hour farms 



).74f 






J to $0.99 per hour farms 

) to $1.14 per hour farms 

j to $1.29 per hour farms 

} to $1.44 per hour farms 

) and over per hour farms 



..dollars. 

report inj;. 
rc|>orting, 
ro|xirun.' . 
reporting , 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 



Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

Average earnings per person dollars . 

NA Not available. 



4,925 
9,403 
3,182 

1,013 



2,513 
4,418 
1,722 



1,691 
3,427 
0.99 



22,222 
4,492 
2,238 

1,202 



5,534 
11,909 
3,466 
1,173 



4,466 
10,313 
2,635 



4,217 
1,317 
3,149 



2,412 
5,789 
0.81 



5,953 
12,750 
3,338 
1,467 



4,673 
8,857 
2,987 



2,123 
3,893 
1,432 



1,510 
3,082 
0.94 



MARYLAND 



25 



State Table 14.-H1RED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Figures on number of workers and wage r 



9 for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and oxplai 



Economic class, 1959— Continued 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Part-retirement 



Hired workefs farms r 

1 hired worker farms r 

2 hired workers (arms i 

8 or 4 hired workers farms r 

6 to 9 hired workers '. farms r 

10 or more hired workers farms 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms r 

1 hired worker farms r 

2 hired workers '■ farms 

8 or 4 hired workers farms r> 

5 to 9 hired workers farms r 

10 or more hired workers farms r 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms r 

1 hired worker farms r 

2 hired workers farms r 

3 or 4 hired workers farms r 

5 to 9 hired workers farms r 

10 or more hired workers farms r 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms r 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms r 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms r 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars . . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to 584 per month farms reporting.. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting . . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting.. 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . , 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting . . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

$25 to 529 per week farms reporting.. 

530 to $39 per week farms reporting . . 

$40 to 549 per week farms reporting.. 

$50 to 559 per week farms reporting. . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

570 to $79 per week farms reporting.. 

580 to $89 per week farms reporting., 

590 and over per week farms reporting., 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per day dollars . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting . . 

$4 per day farms reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. . 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 per day farms reporting . 

$11 per day farms reporting. 

$12 and over per day farms reporting . 



reporting... 


1,318 


persons. .. 


2,031 


reporting... 


849 


reporting. . . 


317 


reporting. .. 


131 


reporting. .. 


21 


reporting. .. 




reporting. .. 


907 


persons . . . 


1,164 


reporting . . . 


719 


reporting . . . 


136 


reporting . . . 


52 


reporting . . . 




reporting. .. 




reporting. .. 


563 


persons . . . 


867 


reporting. . . 


365 


reoorting.. . 


142 


reporting. . . 


36 


reporting. . . 


20 


reporting . . . 




reporting. . . 


755 


reporting. . . 


152 


reporting. . . 


411 



Paid on an hourly basis farms r 



Average wage rale per person per hour 

Under $0.45 per hour farms 

154 per hour farms 

4 per hour farms 

1.74 per hour farms 

184 per hour farms 

D.99 per hour farms 

1. 14 per hour farms 

1.29 per hour farms 

1.44 per hour farms 



SO. 55 


$n 


$0.65 to $0 


$0.75 


, S) 


50. B5 


/-.SI 


S1.00 


on 


$1.15 


o$i 


$1.30 


o$l 



t.45 and c 






. .dollars . . 

reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting, , 



Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

persons . 
Average earnings per person dollars. 



26 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Total all farms 



Hired Workers farms reporting. 

persons , 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hirod workers farms reporting. , 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. , 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . , 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

Regular hired worker? and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. . 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars . . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. . 

$85 to 5109 per month farms reporting.. 

5110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting.. 

5170 to 5214 per month farms reporting. . 

5215 to $274 per month farms reporting. . 

5275 to 5324 per month farms reporting. . 

$325 to $374 por month farms reporting.. 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Average hour« worked per person per week hours . . 

Avernee wage rale per person per week dollars. . 

Under 512 per week farms reporting.. 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

525 to 529 per week farms reporting. . 

$30 to 5*9 per weok forms reporting . . 

S40 to 549 per week farms reporting. . , 

$50 to 559 per week farms reporting. . , 

560 to $69 per week farms reporting. . , 

570 to $79 per weok farms reporting. . , 

580 to 589 per week farms reporting.., 

500 and over per week farms reporting. . . 

Paid On a daily basis farms reporting. . . 

persons . . . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . . 

Average wage rate per nersnn per Hay dollars . . . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting. . . 

$4 per day farms reporting. . . 

$5 perdny farms reporting. .. 

$6 P er dl »y farms reporting. . . 

57 per day farms reporting... 

58 per day farms reporting . . . 

59 per day farms reporting . . . 

$10 p<~r day farms reporting . . . 

511 por day farms reporting . . . 

512 and over per day forms reporting. . . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. . . 

Avcrago wage rale per person per hour dollars. . . 

Under 50. 15 per hour forms reportinc. . . 

$0.45 to 50.54 per hour farms reporting. . . 

$0.55 to50.fM per hour. farms reporting. .. 

50.65 to 50.74 per hour farms reporting... 

50.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting... 

50.85 to $0.99 per hour. farms reporting... 

S1.00 to 51.14 per hour forms reporting... 

51.15 to $1.29 per hour forms reportinc... 

$1.30 to 51.44 per hour farms reporting.. . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. . . 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting... 

persons 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration forms reporting. . . 

Average earnings per person dollars . . . 



6,570 


8,683 


3,821 


22,222 


3,788 


4,492 


1,583 


2,238 


775 


1,202 


304 


502 


120 


249 


4,925 


5,534 


9,403 


11,909 


3,182 


3,466 


1,013 


1,173 



2,513 
4,418 
1,722 



1,691 
3,427 
0.99 



2,412 
5,789 
0.81 



HA Not available. 



MARYLAND 



27 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 195y AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



1 Fibres on number of " 



? for hired persons working the week preceding the 



Data arc ba,s«J on roportfl for only a sample of farms. Seo text] 
Type of farm— Continued 



Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting:. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to he employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers. farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or nore hired workers farms reporting. , 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal Nred workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired worker* and no regular hire.) workers farms reporting. , 

Paid Ofl a monthly bastS farms reporting. . 

persons . , 

Averaee hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rata per person per month dollars . . 

Under S50 per month farms reporting. , 

S50 to $84 per month farms reporting . . 

$85 to $100 per month farms reporting. . 

$110 to $12°. per month farms reporting. , 

$1-10 to S169 per month farms reporting. , 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. . 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis rams reporting. . 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rale per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. . 

$12 to S24 nex week farms reporting. . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting . . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting.. 

MO to $49 per week * farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting . . 

$60 to $69 per week Tarms reporting. . 

$70 to $79 per week ; farms reporting.. 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting.. 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid Ofl a daily basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per day , hours . . 

\verage wage rate per person per Hay dollars. . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting . ■ 

$4 per day farms reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting. . 

S8 per day farms reporting . . 

$7 per day farms reporting. . 

$8 per day farms reporting.. 

$9 per day. farms reporting. . 

$10 per day farms reporting. . 

$11 per day farms reporting. . 

*12 and over per day farms reporting . . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars. . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . 

S0.S5 to $0.99 per hour ,. farms reporting.. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.15 to SI. 29 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reportine.. 

Paid On a piece-work Oasis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting.. 

Uerape earnings per person dollars . . 



2,198 
3,686 
1,367 



Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 

and livestock 



28 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959 



[Figures on number of workers and wage r 



? for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and expla 



Total all farms 



Hired workers farms 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 o 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 

Regular hired workers and n< 
Both regular and seasonal hi 
Seasonal hired workers and i 



seasonal hired workers. . 

ed workers 

> regular hired workers . . 



persons 
B reporting 
a reporting. 
? reporting. 
9 reporting, 
i reporting. 

s reporting. 

persons, 
■; reporting, 
s reporting. 
i reporting , 
9 reporting, 
i reporting, 
i reporting. 

persons. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting . 

s reporting . 
i reporting. 
■i reporting, 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 



3 monthly basis farms r 



Average hours worked per person per man 
Average wage rat*- per person per month . 

Under $50 per month 

S50 to $84 per month 

$85 to $109 per month 

$110 to $129 per month 

$169 per month 

$8] 4 pel month 

$274 per month 

$324 per monuh 

$374 per month 



$375 and c 






. . .dollars 
s reporting 

s reporting 

9 reporting 

s reporting 

s reporting 



Paid on a weekly basis farms r 



Average hours worked per person per wei 
Average wage rote per person per week. , 

Under $12 per week. 

$12 to $24 per week 

$25 to $29 per week 

$30 to $39 per week 

$40 to $49 per week 

$50 to $59 per weok 

$60 to $69 per week 

$70 to $79 per week 

$80 to $89 per week 

$90 and over per week 



..I. .Il.ii 



Paid on a daily basis farms 

Average hours worked per person per day 

Average wage rate per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per 



$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms r 



■ rr.portiriL' 

s reporting. 
- reporting 

3 reporting 
3 reporting, 
r reporting. 

..dollars. 

rermrhni? 
reporting 
reptiriin^ 
ri'jxirliiu! 
ri.»|»irun L ' 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 



Average wage rat 
Under $0.45 per hou 
$0.45 to $0.54 per h 
$0.55 to $0.64 pern 
$0.65 to $0.74 p h 
$0.75 to $0.84 per h 



per person per hour . 



$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms 



rc|Hirtiiur 
n-f « >rt in^_' . 
n-'portin;.' . 
reporting, 
reporting . 



$1.? 

$1.45 and over per h 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

per>ons . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting, 

Average earnings per person dollars . 

NA Not available. 



6,570 
13,821 
3,788 
1,583 



4,925 
9,403 

3,182 
1,013 



2,513 
4,418 

1,722 



21 \ 

2i ; 



37 



1,691 
3,427 
0.99 



8,683 
22,222 
4,492 
2,238 

1,202 
502 
249 

5,534 
11,909 
3,466 
1,173 



4,466 
10,313 
2,635 



4,217 
1,317 
3,149 



MARYLAND 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working tho week preceding the enumeration. Data are hosed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Size of farm-Continued 



Hired WOfkers farms reporting . 

persons. 

1 hired worker 'urn reporting. 

2 hired workers forms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

■Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting . 

Paid On a monthly basis farms reporting., 

persons. . 

Average hours worked net person per month hours . . 

\verage wage rate per person per month dollars . . 

Under $50 per month '. forms reporting.. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting . , 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting., 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting . . 

S130 to $169 per nwnlh farms reporting.. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting.. 

S215 to $274 per nonth forms reporting. . 

S275 to 5324 per nonth farms reporting . . 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting . . 

*375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis rarms reporting. . 

Average hours worked per person per w eek hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting.. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting.. 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting. . 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting.. 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

\verage wage rate per person per day dollars. . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting.. 

S4 per day farms reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting. . 

$6 per day farms reporting. . 

$7 per day farms reporting. . 

$8 per day farms reporting.. 

$9 per day farms reporting. . 

$10 per day farms reporting.. 

$11 per day farms reptrtinrr. . 

$12 and over per day farms reportme. . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Average wage rale per person per hour dollars . . 

Under $0.45 per hour. farms reporting. . 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour. farms reporting. . 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour '. forms reporting. . 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.75 to S0.84 per hour farms reporting . . 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms rcportin?. . 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour...*. farms reporting.. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting . . 

Paid on a piece work basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Vvcrage earnings per person dollars . . 



30 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, 



Commercial farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Fauns number . . . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Land in farms acres . . . 

Percent distribution percent.. . 

Average sire of fam , acres . . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . . 

Average per acre dollars . . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reoorti ne . . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . . 

1 000 or more acres farms reporting.. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting . . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . , 

.Woodland pastured farms reporting. . , 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . , 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

Cropland used for crain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 years number. . 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 vears number . . 

55 to 64 years number. . 

65 or more vears number. . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 davs operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporti ng . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting . . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acros number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number. . 

140 to 179 acres number. . 

180 to 219 acres number . , 

220 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number . , 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1 ,999 acres number . 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



25,108 
100.0 
3,452, 561 
10O.O 
137.5 



21,971 

1,486,431 

4,316 

3,132 



3,151 

1,182 

150 

24 

10,027 

296,407 

8,194 

198,582 

2,559 

57,425 

6,550 

141,157 

4,774 

133,227 

15,652 

799,227 

9,352 

348,661 

3,316 

117,998 

513 

16,023 



24,820 
256 
2,243 
5,528 
6,753 
5,381 
4,659 
51.5 



11,784 
3,182 
1,535 
7,067 
3,790 

5,897 



13,324 
2,556 
5,122 



2,631 
5,993 
2,101 
2,581 
3,220 
2,394 
1,692 
1,156 
2,462 
717 
128 



15,979 

63.6 

2,920,047 

84.6 

182.7 



14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 

252,017 

4,964 

139,516 

1,665 

39,962 

3,931 

99,554 

3,302 

97,028 

10,614 

625,091 

6,370 

294,602 

2,580 

106,563 

466 

15,595 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,7% 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 

2,341 

10,546 
1,824 
3,015 



996 
1,993 
1,066 
1,696 
2,435 
2,059 
1,507 
1,046 
2,347 
681 
122 



361,593 
10.5 
426.9 



30,337 

253 

12,896 



10,348 

41 

4,949 



593,672 
17.2 
277.2 



18,614 

125 

3,716 



12,640 

1,497 

105,006 

876 

56,522 

461 

25,224 



22,660 

112 

5,380 



MARYLAND 31 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a wnplo of farms. Sou toxlj 



(For definitions and expltu 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms -Continued 



FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms a.-ros 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acrea 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre doll&ra 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

1 to 9 acrea farms reporting 

10 to lfl acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acrea farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting, 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting, 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting, 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting, 

Soil- improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

Woodland not pastured \ farms reporting. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. 

Improved pasture farms reporting . 

irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover cropa farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators feporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years number 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other (han farm operated . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number , 

10 to 49 acres number , 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number , 

100 to 139 acres number, 

140 to 179 acres number , 

180 to 219 acres number , 

220 to 259 acres number , 

260 to 499 acres number , 

600 to 999 acres number , 

1,000 to 1 ,999 acres number . 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



16.2 

621,219 

18.0 

152.9 



3,535 
14.1 

396,179 
11.5 
112.1 



1,969 


1,542 


55,640 


36,935 


1,347 


1,279 


32,971 


30,129 


552 


477 


9,645 


9,610 


1,046 


998 


23,326 


20,519 


997 


682 


25,366 


18,010 


2,834 


2 250 


49,901 


107,244 


1,646 


1,200 


60,820 


38,855 



9,855 

85 

2,475 



1,086 
1,844 



6,3% 

25.5 

345,660 

10.0 
54.0 



5,125 
80,990 
2,400 
1,300 



7,250 

85 

1,640 



1,725 
2,295 
1,585 



2,750 
5,121 



2,696 

10.7 

160,975 



1,910 


820 


29,305 


13,380 


2,230 


986 


40,470 


17,440 


615 


266 


10,465 


6,570 


1,835 


775 


30,005 


10,870 


1,071 


390 


24,080 


12,035 


3,431 


1,586 


109,705 


54,525 


2,071 


896 


37,540 


14,745 



450 

2,111 

410 

1,636 

1,106 
395 



32 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Commercial farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number. , 

Livestock-share tenants. number.. 

Croppers number,. 

Other and unspecified tenanLs number. , 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number. , 

Nonwhite farm operators: 



15,889 
3,686 
3,240 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



Full c 
Parte 



mber.. 
mber.. 



FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number. 

Tobacco farms number. 

Cotton farms number. 

Other field-crop farms number. 

Vegetable farms number. 

Fruit-and-nut farms number.. 

Poultry farms number. 

Dairy farms number.. 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number. , 

General farms number. , 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number.. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number., 
Com pickers „ farms reporting 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 



Tractors farms repc 

Tractors other than garden farms report! ng . 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting. 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting. 

4 tractors farms reporting. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wheel u-actors farms reporting. 



Crawl ei 



. farms reporting. 

number. 
. farms reporting. 

number. 



Automobi lea farms 

Automobiles and or motortrucks farms 

Telephone farms 

Home freezer farms 

Milking machine farms 

Electric milk cooler farms 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms 

Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms 

Dirt or unimproved farms 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms 

1 mile farms 

2 or Smiles farms 

4 miles farms 

5 or moro miles farms 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms 



Regular hired workers (employed 150 









reportinc. 
number - 
reporting, 
reporting, 
renorting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
renorting. 
reporting, 
reporting. 
repor.ing. 



reporting. 

persons . 
reporting. 

persons. 

reporting., 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms 

2 hired workers farms 

3 or 4 hired workers farms 

5 to 9 hired workers farms 

10 or more hired workers farms 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



342 

130 
2,142 
5,070 
2,184 
1,054 
9,598 



5,661 
5,934 
5,483 
5,717 
6,497 
6,599 
2,430 
2,636 



20,823 
42,942 
19,917 
37,291 
9,769 
6,054 
2,570 
898 
626 



21,539 
28,369 
23,498 
20,111 
15,652 
5,697 
5,599 
331 
6,749 



2,874 
1,684 
1,132 



21,949 
1,303 
1,856 



2,142 
5,070 
2,184 
1,054 



5,0 
5,293 
5,950 
6,048 
2,365 
2,567 
11,501 
16,613 
14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 
4,884 
5,229 
2,423 
858 
612 



14,039 
18,867 
15,245 
13,228 
10,954 
5,411 
5,388 
314 
6,394 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



5,953 
12,750 
4,673 
8,857 



13,996 
889 

1,094 



996 
1,084 
1,087 
1,165 
1,183 
1,200 
750 
835 



1,946 
6,349 
1,921 
5,675 



674 

2,012 
2,906 
2,101 
2,042 
1,744 
1,013 
1,011 
104 
1,431 



1,369 
3,057 
1,213 
2,198 



MARYLAND 33 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text} 



(For definitions and explnj 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Economic class-Continued 



Part- retirement 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All (aim opeotofs: 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number. . . 

Ail tenants number. . . 

Cash tenants number. . . 

Share-cash tenants number. . . 

Crop-share tenants number. . . 

Livestock-share tenants number. . . 

Croppers number. . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. .. 

Part owners number... 

All tenants number. . . 

Croppers number. . . 

Nonwhite Tarm operators: 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number... 

All tenants number... 

Croppers number. . . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number... 

Tobacco farms number... 

Cotton farms number .. . 

Other field-crop farms number... 

Vegetable farms number. . . 

Fniit-and-nut farms number . . . 

Poultry farms number . . . 

Dairy farms number... 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms . .» number. .. 

General farms number.. , 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number.. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KWD OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting... 

number... 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number. . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors 'arms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or moretractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks .farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, oroUier crops) farms reporting.. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting . . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting . . 

1 mile farms reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Hesiding on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated. operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of ubte. 



1,251 
1,287 
1,192 
1,197 
1,426 
1,446 
336 
341 
2,948 
3,764 
3,759 
7,740 
3,688 
6,893 
1,311 
1,751 



847 
3,608 
4,597 
3,899 
3,298 
2,745 
1,355 
1,345 
35 
1,363 



91 

96 

2,029 

2,400 

3,074 

5,270 

3,019 

4,689 

1,742 

976 

230 



581 
2,944 
3,605 
3,269 
2,644 
2,114 
485 
510 



1,103 
1,559 
1,043 
1,312 



40 

40 

3,005 

3,370 

4,825 

6,890 

4,395 

5,410 

3,580 

650 

130 



5,650 
7,385 
6,030 
4,945 
3,520 
225 
140 



10 

995 

1,060 

1,670 

2,150 

1,485 

1,690 

1,295 

175 

15 



460 
1,831 
2,091 
2,191 
1,911 
1,156 
45 
55 



34 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



i and explanations, sec text) 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FEXT1L1ZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting... 

acres on which used . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting... 

Dry materi als farms reporting . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Corn farms reporting . . . 

Pry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Wheat farms reporting . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting .. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Irish potatoes farms reporting... 

Dry materials farms reporting . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

All other crops farms reporting .. . 

Drv materials. farms reporting.. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Lime or liming materials used during the year. farms reporting. . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting... 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Under S100. farms reporting . . . 

S100toS999 farms reporting... 

51,000 to S1.099 farms reporting . . . 

52,000 to 54,999 farms reporting .. . 

55,000 or more. farms reporting . . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. . 

Under $1 ,000 farms reporting . . . 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting... 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting. . . 

55,000 to 5?,999 farms reporting... 

510,000 or more farms reporting . . . 

Machine hire farms reporting. . . 

dollars... 

Under 5200 farms reporting. . . 

S200 to 5099 Farms reporting . . . 

51,000 or more farms reporting . . . 

Hired labor. farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

Under 5200 farms reporting . . . 

5200 to S499 farms reporting... 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting . . . 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting . . . 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting . . . 

55,000 to 59,999 farms reporting . . . 

510,000 to 519,999 farms reporting . . . 

520,000 to 549,999 farms reporting . . . 

550,000 or more farms reporting . . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting . . . 

dollars... 

Under 5100. farms reporting . . . 

5100 to 5199 farms reporting... 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting . . . 

S1.000 or more farms rerorti ng . . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Under 510(1 farms reporting. . . 

5100 to 5199 farms reporting.. . 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting. . . 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reporting. . . 

55,000 or more farms reporting . . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



19,4a 

1,104,895 

249,807 

19,379 

244,447 

439 

5,360 



5,474 

163,664 

5,442 

34,220 



2,110 
50,486 

2,100 
10,016 



14,625 

430,507 

14,573 

84,540 

378 

2,417 

7,033 

141,356 

7,002 

26,404 

57 

193 



2,688 

768 

2,421 



12,201 

316,194 

12,154 

86,846 

94 

2,478 

8,044 

235,949 

250,972 



24,952 
19,535 
62,088,674 
2,929 
8,225 
2,420 
3,146. 
2,815 

12,670 

24,066,741 

8,781 

1,670 

1,054 

694 

471 

12,204 

3,233,937 

6,906 

4,903 

395 

13,794 

26,921,164 

4,091 

2,471 

1,548 

2,878 

1,626 

776 

264 



13,530 

,644,959 

6,019 

5,869 



24,276 
10,687,538 
7,996 
9,233 
4,083 
2,900 
64 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,898 

228,137 

389 

5,246 



4,530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



1,818 
47,726 
1,808 
9,260 



11,274 

402,704 

11,242 

78,944 

333 

2,322 

6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 



2,477 

554 

2,267 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 

84 

2,469 

6,598 

217,139 

228,781 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 



394 

11,322 

25,219,664 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



9,904 

4,375,171 

3,053 

5,278 



15,778 
9,822,833 
2,095 
6,883 
3,863 
2,875 
62 



1,843 
251,482 
56,659 
1,837 
55,603 
130 
1,056 



1,649 

105,278 

1,633 

21,474 



1,132 
59,464 

1,121 
16,265 



1,170 
54,983 
57,266 



2,142 

1,972 

16,753,569 



MARYLAND 35 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data ire based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Economic class— Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Dry materials. . . 
Liquid materials 



Dryn 



Liquid materials '. . 

Other pasture (not cropland) 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Wheat 

Dry materials. 

Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

All other crops 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Lime or liming materials used during t 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under $100. 

$100 to $999 

$1,000 to $1.999 

$2,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry • 

Under $1,000 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$200 to $999 - 

$1,000 or more. 

Hired labor. 

Under $200 

$200 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, planLs, and trees 

Under $100. 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9 ro|,,rtiny 
s reporting 

a reporting 
s reporting 

s reporting 
a reporting 
s reporting 
s reporting 
5 reporting 
s reporting 
s reporting 
= reporting 

9 reporting 
3 reporting 
5 reporting 
s reporting 
3 reporting 
s reporting 



s reporting, 
3 reporting. 

5 reporting, 
s reporting. 

3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 

dollar 

s reporting. 
5 reporting.. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting., 
s reporting, 
dollars . 
s reporting. 

s reporting. 
3 reporting. 

dollar 
3 reporting. 
s repurting. 
s reporting. 
s repining. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting, 
s reporting . 
s reporting. 
3 reporting . 

dollars. 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting, 
s reporting. 



3 reporting. 

dollar 
3 reporting, 
3 reporting. 
9 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting.. 



3,681 

182,513 

38,988 

3,676 

38,801 

66 

187 



19,030 

950 

3,964 



3,076 
76,506 

3,076 
14,459 



1,663 
26,649 
1,668 
4,855 



2,574 
54,318 

2,569 
14,337 



1,699 
38,111 
40,654 



4,064 

3,253 

5,442,485 



2,206 

2, 990, 380 

1,600 



2,487 

655,550 

1,300 

1,132 



3,113 
97,902 
21,987 
3,113 
21,968 
10 
19 



2,307 
40,205 
2,307 
7,463 



1,030 
13,140 
1,025 



2,151 
28,777 
2,146 
8,343 



1,060 
19,670 
20,580 



3,535 

2,693 

2,318,995 



1,752 

1,206,147 

1,486 



1,943 

441,638 

1,081 



1,913 

283,840 
1,076 



3,860 


1,610 


46,260 


19,135 


10,741 


4,210 


3,840 


1,610 


10,667 


4,175 



2,270 
17,420 
2,250 
3,533 



2,100 
14, 530 
2,095 
3,918 



1,040 
13,035 
16,175 



6,310 

4,450 

1,502,380 

1,120 

3,045 

230 

50 



2,410 

609,370 

2,255 



2,355 

247,500 

1,995 



1,700 

516,580 

1,065 



2,585 

188,875 
2,105 



6,145 

577,565 

4,315 

1,665 



1,060 
8,370 
1,060 
1,690 



2,631 

1,935 

728,180 



1,045 

174,445 

1,020 



1 2,321 

230,765 

L,581 



36 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See toxtj 



(For definitions and explai 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars . . 
All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars , . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting . . 

Milk cows farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves.., farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on band: 
Cattle and calves- 
cad farms reporting . . 

) 4 head farms reporting.. 

j 9 head farms reporting.. 

to 19 head. farms reporting. . 

to 49 head farms reporting . . 

to 99 head farms reporting . . 

I to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more hend farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

i farms reporting . . 

head farms reporting . . 

19 head, farms reporting . . 

29 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting . . 

5 to 99 head farms reporting . . 



233,353,763 
9,294 

77,239,824 
51,430,751 
10,419,974 
4,373,523 
11,015,576 
156,113,939 
56,415,626 
63,625,107 

36,073,206 



15,853 
482,478 

13,942 
248,526 

11,323 
199,455 

12,388 
151,859 

11,217 

82,093 



2,473 
2,519 
2,379 



2,219 
4,811 
2,002 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 

442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



62,854,292 

74,208 
18,809,182 
5,381,693 
4,596,076 
3,004,633 
5,826,780 
44,045,110 
27,590,590 
8,840,187 

7,614,333 



60,736 

368 

26,668 



16,601 

354 

17,467 



59,217,105 

27,646 

15,502,612 

10,850,672 

2,252,289 
407,443 

1,992,208 
43,714,493 
15,357,222 
20,598,957 

7,758,314 



1,481 
104,237 

1,350 
59,139 

1,210 
53,754 

1,288 
33,167 

1,176 
11,931 



1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting., 

3 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head, farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

■u head farms reporting . . 

more head farms reporting . . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

number . . 
HogS and pigs forms reporting . , 

number . . 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 



iheep and lambs farms 

Lambs under 1 year old farms 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms 

Rams and wethers farms 



rrpirlHlll. 

reporting, 
number. 



2,203 

3,738 

1,285 

1,476 

1,748 

610 

160 

103 

5,604 
16,110 
11,289 
221,343 
6,758 
135,280 
9,451 
86,063 



913 
8,197 
1,323 

33,232 
1,303 

30,892 
1,057 
2,340 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 



3,53E 
10, 9T. 

7,52J 
185,954 

4,71.2 
116,433 



13,784 

166 

3,307 



Chickens 4 months old and over farms r 



Hogs and pigs sold alive farms r 



) and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

dollars . 



Milk and cream sold 1 farms 

Chickens including broilers sold forms 

Chicken eggs sold farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



dollars. 



13,588 

237,494 

27,068,383 

6,698 

222,466 

7,118,912 

1,101 

30,448 

426,272 

6,980 

1,423,492,717 

63,625,107 

6,776 

47,625,396 

7,478 

19,526,347 

7,224,751 



10,116 
221,626 

2 i, 308, 518 
4,9 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



1,416 

56,398 

5,920,495 

685 

46,847 

1,499,104 



1,058 
443,982,109 
20,598,957 



MARYLAND 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are boscwl on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



37 

-Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



Part-retirement 



ESTIMATF.D VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 
All farm products sold total, dollars . , 

average per farm, dollars., 

All crops sold dollars., 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold ....dollars., 

Vegetables sold dollars . , 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . , 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars.. 

\ll livestocli Hi.) livestock products sold dollars., 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . , 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . , 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting. , 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. , 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting., 

number, , 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting ,, 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting., 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting . . 

5 to heart farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to -19 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting . . 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting., 

30 to 49 head farms reporti ng . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting , . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporti ng . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting,. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . , 

26 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting., 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting. , 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting., 

number. , 
Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

F.wes farms reporting . , 

Rams and wethers farms reporting.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting . . 

number., 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting., 

dollars . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . 

number., 
dollars . . 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . , 

dollars. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting . 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting . 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



30,101,275 

7,407 

13,213,408 

11,246,380 

902,725 

288,315 

775,988 

16,887,867 

3,209,358 

7,935,515 

5,742,994 



2,979 
82,902 

2,759 
42,652 

2,325 
32,000 



25,359 
2,198 
14,891 



6,756 

166 

6,474 



2,684 

37,913 

4,066,435 

1,361 

46,500 

1,488,000 

151 



1,580 

188,388,418 

7,935,515 

1,210 
1,709,256 

1,395 
3,526,395 
1,304,767 



13,204,443 

3,735 

6,925,963 

5,939,267 

455,040 

88,138 

443,518 

6,278,480 

1,382,563 

1,589,215 

3.306,702 



2,313 
43,938 
2,048 

19,716 
1,561 
10,586 



1,752 
14,622 
1,743 
9,600 



2,078 


1,880 


2,046 


1,777 


43,985 


28,732 


1,341 


1,085 


26,274 


17,525 


1,746 


1,537 


17,711 


11,207 



2,003 

20,136 

2,318,270 

1,071 

25,750 

824,000 

200 



558,105 

1,165 

2,099,765 

776,913 



1,935,886 
1,400 
1,122,004 
915,9*6 
109,660 
26,674 
69,724 
813,882 
221,723 
147,285 

444,874 



1,425 

85 

1,315 



5,378,556 

841 

2,775,670 

2,186,416 

263,505 
66,970 

258,779 
2,602,886 

399,090 

204,200 

1,999,5% 



3,350 
27,200 
2,540 
9,420 
1,740 
4,060 
2,460 
10,465 
2,095 
7,315 



1,315 
3,805 
2,700 

23,610 
1,470 

13,130 
2,155 

10,480 

340 



2,465 

10,415 

1,229,055 

1,415 

19,050 

609,600 

265 



63,686 

1,245 

871,110 

322,309 



2,490,843 

924 

1,361,453 

1,018,072 

138,200 

78,123 

127,058 

1,129 390 

386,204 

91,685 

651,501 



1,380 
9,245 
1,170 
3,970 



3,165 

685 

2,110 



1,325 
1,045 
8,535 



695 

53,352 

1/150 

873,335 

323,137 



38 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

(Data are based on reports for only ft sample of farms. See text J 



Commercial farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1. 1958, to 

November 30. 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 litters fftrms reporting. 

3 to litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 htUTS farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters terms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

a November 30 farms reporting. 






December 1 to June 1 . 



r of lit 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting. 



■; reporting'. 
* reportm^. 

s reporting, 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 



25 to 49 a 
50 to 74 a 
75 to 99 a 



bushels. 
.Wheat harvested farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 
Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 
Barley harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

bushels. 



Sales farms reporting.. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

Sales farms reporting . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 



Other hay cut farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. 



tons, green weight. 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting. 

bushels . 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting. 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



5,498 
37,928 
2,079 
2,325 



1,749 
27,549 

36,412 



1,466 
28,969 
166,145 

4,330 

3,241 

680,894 

4,230 

39,082 

32,682,303 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



4,751 


3,476 


19,527 


16,657 


4,066 


3,081 


13,401 


15,694 


16,904 


12,502 


464,014 


429,975 


6,645 


3,095 


4,462 


3,787 


3,384 


3,238 


1,117 


1,101 


527 


519 


769 


762 


16,052 


11,820 


398,705 


367,123 


21,581,549 


20,189,642 


8,030 


6,304 


12,034,593 


11,431,912 


8,197 


7,166 


154,090 


146,468 


3,801,705 


3,629,025 


7,015 


6,290 


3,326,681 


3,196,335 


5,172 


4,247 


53,427 


47,785 


2,219,548 


2,028,738 


607 


467 


162,005 


138,375 


5,307 


4,752 


73,010 


68,770 


2,675,763 


2,549,641 


1,440 


1,279 


842,870 


797,643 


4,420 


3,482 


183,826 


169,494 


4,295,090 


4,001,008 


420,055 


375,215 


4,808 


4,091 


109,561 


102,553 


294,003 


260,809 


515 


385 


16,216 


14,751 


9,653 


7,272 


205,398 


178,305 


334,702 


297,058 


1,237 


607 


25,746 


20,801 


3,198 


2,707 


43,149 


39,554 


61,796 


57,339 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160,698 

2,786 

2,837 

624,453 

3,009 
35,031 

30,073,128 



1,646 

91,565 

5,236,438 



1,030 
32,796 
835,643 



1,005 
33,537 
57,717 



3,971,825 

517 
2,252,289 



includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold, 
less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 3 Does not include data for fa 



MARYLAND 39 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of faint*. Sec text | 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODI ICTS-Conlinued 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958. to 

November 30. 1959 farms reporting . 

number of litters.. 

1 or 2 litters farms retiortinp. 

n to 9 litters farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. , 

20 to 19 litters farms reporting. , 

*0 to R9 litters farms reporting. , 

70 or more litters farms reporting.. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. , 

number of litters.. 
December 1 to June 1 farms retorting. . 



SPECIFIED (.Til IPS II \K\ EKTF.D 



Com for all 

Under 11 



50 to 74 acres . 
75 to 99 acres , 



v reporting, 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
s reporting. , 
s reporting. , 
s reporting. , 



bushels 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels 
Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 
Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 
Barley harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

bushels . 



Sales farms reporting . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 



reporting. 



Sales 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 



Sales farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting . 



tons, green weight. 



bushels. 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting. 



.farms reporting. 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms-Conlinuod 



70 

58 

3,128 

71,231 

3,610,800 

1,636 

1,840,455 

1,918 
29,282 
690,531 

1,657 
587,356 

1,197 

11,829 

481,645 

131 

31,275 

1,195 

11,975 

405,600 

290 

106,290 



1,056 

12,682 

10,836,550 



2,693 
44,524 
1,201 



20 

11 

2,563 

41,179 

1,954,705 

1,391 

897,300 

1,295 

15,230 

336,120 

1,050 

267,070 

725 



1,348 
23,890 
34,780 



1,046 

7,605 

i,003,675 



18,465 

10 

3,200 



2,985 
21,350 
2,440 



2,870 

20,130 

854,535 

1,135 

351,540 



625 



1,615 
18,075 
26,080 



1,395 
10,435 
1,110 



1,340 

9,935 

460,950 



40 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 1 of 6.— Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of forms. See text] 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number.; 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in farms acres . , 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Aver ape size of farm acres . , 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm .dollars . 

Average per aero dollars.. 



1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 Bcres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured, farms reporting. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. 

Woodland pastured farms reporti 

Woodland not pastured farms report] 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporti 

Improved pasture farms report: 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

d for grain or row 

farms reporting. 



l crop and pasture land farms reportin 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number.. 

35 to 44 years number . 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number. 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators 

1 to 99 days operators 

100 to 199 days operators 

200 or more days operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators 



reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting. 



reporting, 
reporting. 



FARMS BY SIZE 



Under 10 a 
10to49 ac 
50 to 69 a. 
70 to 99 a< 



220IO 
260 to 
500 to 


259 
499 
999 


1,000 
2,000 


tol, 



15,979 

2,920,017 
182.7 



14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 
252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106, 563 

466 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



5,433 
2,507 



2,677 
2,341 



10,546 
1,824 



996 
1,993 
1,066 
1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



1,740 
100.0 
486,900 
100.0 
279.8 



106,420 

a. 9 

618.7 



23.2 

151,379 

31.1 

375.6 



4,875 

114 

5,443 



24.5 

100,028 

20.5 

234.8 



4,675 

150 

4,271 



27.6 

72, 635 

14.9 

151.3 



40 

170 
5,460 

15 
1,115 

15 
1,020 



See boUiotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

|Dola are based on report* for only a sample of farms. See tout j 



41 



(For definitions and eXpUl 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners nuii.hcr.. 

Part owners number. . 

All ien«m- number.. 

Cash tenants number.. 

Lives Cock- share tenants number.. 

Croppers number.. 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number.. 

Croppers number. . 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number. , 

Part owners number.. 

Al I tenants number . . 

Croppers number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Gram combines farms reporting. ■ 

Com pickers , farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

1 tractor farms reporting. , 

2 tractor 1 ! forms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors .farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. t 

Crawler Jractors farms reporting.. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. , 

number . . 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting., 

Telephone farms reporting., 

Home freezer farms reporting . , 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. , 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. , 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. , 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 mile farms reporting .. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting . 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting , 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. , 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



5,293 
5,950 
6,048 

2,365 
2,567 
11,501 
16,613 

14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 
4,884 
5,229 
2,423 
858 
612 



14,039 
18,867 
15,245 

13,228 
10,954 
5,411 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



1,635 
4,195 
1,634 



13,996 

889 

1,094 



42 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



(For definitions and explai 



J text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year. farms reporting 

acres on which used 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Corn farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Wheat farms reporting 

Dry materials . farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

All other crops farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Lime or liming materials used during the year fanns reporting 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Under 5100 farms reporting. 

S100 toS909 farms reporting. 

51,000 to 51,999 farms reportinfl. 

52,000 to $4,999 farms reporting . 

55,000 or more farms reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultrv farms reporting. 

dollars. 

I nder «1,000 farms reporting. 

S1.000 to 52,499 farms reporting, 

52,500 to 54,999 fnrms reporting, 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reporting, 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting, 

dollars, 

Under 5200 farms reporting, 

S200 to 5999 farms reporting, 

SI ,000 or more farms reporting. 

Hired labor farms reporting, 

dollars, 

Under 5200 farms reporting , 

$200 to 5190 farms reporting, 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting , 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting, 

$2,500 to 54,999 farms reporting. 

55,000 toS9,999 farms reporting, 

$10,000 to 519,999 farms reporting, 

520,000 to 549,999 farms reporting, 

550,000 or more farms reporting , 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. 

Under 5100 farms reporting 

MOO to . 5199 farms reporting, 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting, 

51,000 or more farms reporting. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the fanu business farms reporting 

dollars 

Under 5100 farms reporting 

5100 to 5(99 farms reporting 

S500 to $999 farms reporting 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reporting 

55,000 or more farms reporting. 



13, 920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,398 

228,137 

389 

5,246 

4,530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



1,818 
47,726 
1,808 
9,260 



11,274 

402,704 

11,242 

78,944 

333 

2,322 

6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 

52 

184 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 

84 

2,469 

6,598 

a7,139 

228,781 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 

8,901 

2,882,677 

4,086 

4,421 

394 

11,322 

25,219,664 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



1,707 
240, 349 
48,313 
1,706 
47,293 
151 
1,020 



1,569 

115,854 

1,563 

24,446 



1,164 
81,295 

1,158 
14,772 



9,904 


1,203 


4,375,171 


457,733 


3,053 


346 


5,278 


593 


913 


160 


660 


104 


15,778 


1,725 


9,822,833 


1,484,728 


2,095 


106 


6,883 


649 


3,863 


428 


2,875 


532 



8,067 

25 

1,989 



17,397 

116 

2,633 



9,830 

310 

2,160 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 1 of 6. -Cash-grain farms 

[P*u are baaed on reports for only a simple of farms. Soe text J 



43 



(For definitions and emanations, sop text) 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOURCE 

All Ian products sold total, dollars.' 

average per farm, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars. 

Fiold crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold. . . . .dollars . 

Vegetables sold. dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural spocially products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold. dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

Milk cows farms reporting., 

number.. 
Heifers. and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting bv number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head , farms reporting., 

2 to 4 head farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. , 

20 to 49 head farms reporting,, 

50 to 99 head farms reporting., 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/Of mtlles farms reporting.. 

Hogs and pip farms reporting.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 Farms reporting.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Ewes farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
rings and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. . 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,026 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 
442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 
2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 
2,258 
1,250 



100 

3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 



.Inllai 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 

4,807 

193,791 

6,201,312 

725 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



17,581,200 

10,104 

15,004,969 

13,518,629 

955,248 

33,008 

498,084 

2,576,231 

306,668 

1,161,708 

1,107,855 



1,481,942 

54,887 

1,199,789 

1,037,039 

114,741 

15,609 

32,400 

282,153 

2,140 

177,646 

102,367 



5,060,581 

29,422 

4,118,452 

3,721,496 

213,187 

183,769 
942,129 
116,201 
602,557 



5,646,670 
14,012 
4,952,095 
4,538,113 
325,280 
15,207 
73,495 
694,575 
101,997 
262,495 

330,083 



1,889 

109 

1,058 



3,297,170 

7,740 

2,881,451 

2,491,898 

190,230 

1,183 

198,140 

415,719 

48,448 

90,115 

277,156 



1,787,283 

3,724 

1,577,739 

1,472,066 

95,880 

928 

8,865 

209,544 

30,003 

27,960 



70 
160 
200 

2,780 
120 

1,660 
170 

1,120 

25 
645 



See footnotes at end of table. 



44 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



Part 1 of 6.-Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text]] 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting 

number of litters 
s reporting 



10 to 19 litters... 
20 to 39 litters. . , 
40 to 69 litters. . . 
70 or more litters, 
June 2 to November 



i reporting 
s reporting 
s reporting 



reporting 
reporting 

number of litters 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting 

number of litters 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting 



h reporting 
9 reporting 
s reporting 

s reporting 
s reporting 



Harvested for grain . 



bushels 
Sales farms reporting 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 
Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 
hay and for dehydrating farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 



Sales farms reporting 



. farms reporting 



tons, green weight 



bushels 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



3,973 
32, 351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 


354 


16,657 


1,684 


3,081 


292 


15,694 


1,452 


12,502 


1,624 


429,975 


117,425 


3,095 


145 


3,787 


271 


3,238 


419 


1,101 


226 


519 


176 


762 


387 


11,820 


1,624 


367,123 


115,772 


20,189,642 


6,482,872 


6,304 


1,563 


11,431,912 


5,461,785 


7,166 


1,024 


146,468 


34,793 


3,629,025 


921,651 


6,290 


994 


3,196,335 


874,649 


4,247 


246 


47,785 


2,315 


2,028,738 


81,525 


467 


88 


138,375 


27,310 


4,752 


626 


68,770 


14,131 


2,549,641 


538,970 


1,279 


422 


797,643 


390,630 


3,482 


1,323 


169,494 


96,656 


4,001,008 


2,362,659 



4,091 


89 


102,553 


1,005 


280,809 


2,811 


385 


11 


14,751 


155 


7,272 


456 


178,305 


8,734 


297,058 


14,990 


807 


106 


20,801 


2,170. 


2,707 


415 


39,554 


6,678 


57,339 


9,500 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 




a, 870 

6 

9,030 



18,015 

31 

7,830 



11,520 

15 

3,190 



and butterfat sold. 2 Doee not include 



eage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



Does not include data for farms with 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUSOF 1959 

Part 2 of 6.-Tobacco farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farm9. See text J 



45 



(For definitions and explanations, 



a text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE. AND VALUE 

Farms number . i 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres. . 

Percent di stnbulion percent . 

Average sue of farm acre,*).. 

Value of land and buildings 

\vetage per form dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

1 to 9 acres farms report „. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

SO to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres forms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres forms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Cropland used only Tor pasture forms reporUng. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil-improvement grosses and legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

Woodland pastured forms reporti ng . . 

Woodland not pastured forms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for groin or row 
crops formed on the contour farms reporting. . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms report) ng . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY ACE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number. . 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off Uieir farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 doys operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 doys operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off form operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and ofT-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their forms or not 

reporting OS to work off their forms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
or agricultural products sold operators reportjng. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 u i 21fl acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number.. 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

2,000 or more acres number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15,979 
2,920, 047 

XXX 

182.7 



14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 
252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106,563 

466 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 
2,341 



996 
1,993 
1,066 
1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



2,750 
100.0 
345,643 
100.0 
125.7 



1,086 
24,699 

1,539 

41,631 

766 

12,825 

1,149 
28,806 



13,491 

1,889 

130,8*9 



37,680 
10.9 
454.0 



12.8 

71,960 

20.8 

205.0 



1,001 
36.4 

132,750 



36.0 

83,960 

24.3 

84.7 



46 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6.-Tobacco farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number... 

Part owners number . . . 

All tenant number... 

Cash tenants number. . . 

Share-each tenants number... 

Crop-share tenants number. . . 

Livestock- share tenants number. . . 

Croppers number... 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . . . 

Part owners number . . . 

All tenants number. . . 

Cropper? number. . . 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number . . . 

Part owners number. . . 

All tenants number . . . 

Croppers number... 

SPECTFTED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting . . . 

Com pickers farms reportinc;. . , 

number.., 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.., 

Motortrucks. farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting . . 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms ronorting . . 

Crawler tractors fanns reporting, . 

Garden tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, nr blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. farms reporting.. 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers '«"» reporting . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . , 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



13,996 

889 

1,094 



5,184 


487 


5,450 


490 


5,080 


453 


5,293 


464 


5,950 


397 


6,048 


404 


2,365 


52 


2,567 


58 


11,501 


1,400 


16,613 


1,840 


1/1,296 


2,430 


33,671 


4,724 


U,006 


2,405 


29,984 
4,884 


4,517 
1,096 


5,229 


862 


2,423 


260 


858 


121 


612 


66 


13,930 


2,375 


29,186 


4,324 


704 


178 


798 


193 


3,405 


167 


3,687 


207 


14,039 
18,867 
15,245 


2,334 
3,374 
2,490 


13,228 


1,697 


10,954 
5,411 


1,483 
20 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6. -Tobacco farms 

| Data are based on report* for only a sample of farm*. See text ] 



47 



(For 



Kpl«l 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer ami fortilmni: 

matt-rials used during the venr farms reporting 

acres on which used 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Crop? on which used- 

tla\ and cropland pasture .farms reporting 

Dp. materials .farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Corn , .farms rf porting 

Pry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materinls farms reporting 

Wheat farms rciKcting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Irish potatoes fam.s reporting 

Dry materials forms reporting 

Liquid materials fam,- reporting 

All other crops farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials .farms reporting 

Lime or liming materials usi-d dunm: tlic year.... ...farms reporting 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the folio" inr -piTified exp^ndi lures farms reporting 

Feed for livestock and noullrv farms reporting 

dollars 

I nder 5100 farms reporti ng 

5100 to 5999 farms rpporting 

51,000 to 51,999 farms reporting 

52,000 to 54,999 farms reporting 

55,000 or more farms reporting 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporlini; 

dollars 

Under *1,000 ....'....:....... farms reporting 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting 

52,501) to <4 ,999 farms reporti ng 

«5,000 to $9,999 fam.s reporting 

*10,000 or nore farms reporting 

Machine hire ..farms reporting 

Under #200 farms reporting 

>200 to 5990 farms reporting 

- i ,i." ■" or more farma reporting 

Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars 

Under 5200 farms reporting 

5200 to 5409 farms reporting 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 to 51,990 farms reporting 

55,000 to 59,999 farms reporting. 

510,000 to $19,909 farms reporting. 

520,000 to =49,999 farms reporting 

550,000 or more '. farms rcportinp 

Seeds, bulbs, plant-, and trees farms reporting 

s lixi lo $190 farms reporting 

Rl,00fl or litin- farms reporting 

Gasoline nnd olher petroleum fuel 

ami oil for the fan.i business farms reporting 

dollars 

I nder flOO , farms reporting 

5100 to *499 ; farms reporting 

$ii00 to STI0 farms reporting 

51,1100 to 5l,9nn farms reporting 



13,920 


2,670 


1,033,650 


79,554 


233,383 


26,860 


13,898 


2,670 


228,137 


26,840 


389 


5 


5,246 


20 


4,530 


212 


151,779 


4,369 



333 
2,322 

6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 

52 

184 



2,477 

554 

2,267 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 

84 

2,469 

6,598 

217,139 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 



394 

11,322 

25,219,fa64 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



1,735 
28,323 
1,735 
5,915 



2,540 
36,574 

2,540 
17,723 



2,750 

1,518 

452,560 



9,904 


1,193 


,375,171 


160,165 


3,053 


731 


5,278 


419 


913 


25 


660 


IB 


15,778 


2,675 


,822,833 


831,582 


2,095 


620 


6,883 


1,632 


3,863 


262 


2,875 


160 



8,550 

351 

4,264 



10,410 

721 

2,105 



Soe foolnuLf.s al end of labk.. 



48 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6.-Tobacco farms 

[Data are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text] 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.-.. 

average per farm, dollars . . . 
All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. .. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuta sold dollars . . . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars . . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultjy products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting... 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting... 

Milk cows farms reporting... 

number... 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting... 

number... 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting... 

5 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting... 

20 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 99 head farms reporting... 

100 to 499 head farms reporting... 

500 or more head farms reporting... 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting... 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting... 

75 to 99 head farms reporting... 

100 or more head farms reporting . . . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . . . 

2 to 9 head farms roporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. .. 

100 or more head farms reporting . . . 

Horses and/01 mules farms reporting... 

HogS and pigs farms reporting... 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting... 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting... 

number... 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. . . 

number... 

Lambs under 1 yea? old farms reporting . . . 

number 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting... 

number 

Ewes farms reporting . . . 

number... 
Rams and wethers farms reporting . . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

dollars... 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

dollars... 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. .. 

dollars... 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting . . . 

pounds 

dollars... 

Chickens including broilers sold farms roporting... 

dollars... 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 



.lolliu 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,977 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 

4*2,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 
2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 



3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 

4,807 

193,791 

6,201,312 

725 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



18,314,408 

6,660 

16,979,522 

16,846,191 

34,550 

3,601 

95,180 

1,334,886 

181,821 

42,097 

1,110,968 



1,478 
16,804 
1,383 
8,147 
1,019 
2,754 
923 
4,363 



1,330 
1,594 
16,701 
750 
8,864 
1,412 
7,837 



1,003 
6,356 

735,101 



456,683 
50,743 
375,977 
373,800 



2,256,003 

27,181 

2,047,466 

2,037,251 

1,455 

8,760 

208,537 

19,437 



4,559,402 

12,990 

4,132,516 

4,107,678 

23,250 

798 

790 

426,886 

44,989 

14,055 



6,844,873 

6,838 

6,404,013 

6,358,159 



44,934 
440,860 
88,972 
24,110 



2,585 


4,877 


5,580 


63 


261 


581 


1,204 


2,389 


2,835 


41 


186 


440 


139 


544 


1,355 


48 


176 


406 


739 


1,082 


1,625 



246 
398 
611 

6,345 
326 

3,219 
531 

3,126 

15 

60 



2,217 


2,187 


253,980 


210,270 


146 


246 


3,355 


3,605 


107,360 


115,360 



246,240 


765,816 


14,055 


24,110 


75 


115 


5,958 


10,616 


105 


215 


105,490 


203,855 


39,031 


75,426 



3,657,881 

3,691 

3,490,986 

3,447,739 

11,300 

428 

31,519 

166,895 

25,382 

3,160 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 
ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 6. -Tobacco farms 

| Data are based on report.** for only ft Bample of farms. See text | 



49 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Conlinued 

Litters fallowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reportm 

number of Inter 



June 2 to November J 



s r,.|«it1ir,,.. 
5 reporting . 

* reporting . 

* reporting . 
s reportinr; . 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting 



Under 11 t 
11 to 24 a 
25 to 49 a 
50 to 74 a 
75 to 99 a 
100 or mor 



- r..|.-n i n f 

- ri'iiirtinp 
• ri'|Kirlin(' 
a r.'j.i.rlini' 



Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Oats harvested for grain farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 



Sales farms reporting 

Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 



spedeza cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 



•farms reporting 



tons, green weight 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 
use or for sale farms reporting 

bushels 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporti: 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 
16,657 

3,081 
15,694 



12,502 

429,975 

3,095 

3,787 

3,238 

1,101 

519 

762 

11,820 

367,123 

20,189,642 

6,304 

11,431,912 

7,166 

146,468 

3,629,025 

6,290 
3,196,335 

4,247 



138,375 

4,752 

68,770 

2,549,641 

1,279 

797,643 

3,482 

169,494 

4,001,008 



4,091 
102,553 
280,809 



7,272 
178,305 
297,058 



2,707 
39,554 
57,339 



1,167 
22,585 

30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160,698 

2,786 
2,837 
624,453 
3,009 
35,031 
30,073,128 

2,787 
9,977,977 



2,090 
32,028 
1,121 



12 

24 

2,020 

30,472 

1,278,231 

1,140 

651,491 

891 



1,005 
10,578 
14,553 



2,750 

32,519 

27,992,393 



31,756 

7 

25,576 



1,001 

12,365 

10,583,050 



1,350 

5 

1,000 



i and butterfat sold. *Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harveste 



elude data for farms with 



50 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample or farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explai 



»«) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number, i 

Percent distribution percent,. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size or farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 

\verage per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars. . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture u . ■• .farms reporting . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. farms reporting . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

Iffigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour ." farms reporting. . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AQE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number.. 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
working off their rarms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . , 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number.. 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number.. 

160 to 219 acres number., 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15,979 

2,920,047 

182.7 



14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,303 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 
252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106,563 

466 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 
2,341 



1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



2,142 
100.0 
146,338 
100.0 
68.3 



4,001 
1,202 
47,483 



17.6 

39,565 

27.0 

105.2 



12,808 

47 

1,252 



25.7 

42,558 

29.1 

77.2 



23.1 

33,340 

22.8 

67.4 



1,135 


1,035 


290 


170 


10,945 


4,460 


60 


70 


2,340 


920 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See te;LJ 



51 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number. . 

All tenant* number.. 

Cash tenants number. . 

Shore-cnsh tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock- share tenants.. number. . 

Croppers number. . 

Other arid unspecified tenants number, . 

While farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number. . 

Nonwhile farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

Al I tenants , number . . 

Croppers number. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting . . 

2 tractors forms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . . 

Gravel, shell, or shalfl farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. .. 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting... 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting... 

persons . . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . . . 

persons... 

Farms reporting by nun-her of reeular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. ., 

2 hired workers farms renortmg. , , 

3 or 1 hired workers farms reporting. ., 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. ., 

10 or more hired workers farms, reporting..! 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . . 

Operators not reporting residence number... 

See Footnotes at end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



5,184 
5,450 
5,080 
5,293 
5,950 
6,048 

2,365 
2,567 
11,501 
16,613 

14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 
4,884 
5,229 
2,423 
858 
612 



14,039 
18,867 
15,245 

13,228 
10,954 
5,411 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



1,363 
2,263 
1,239 
1,901 



1,835 
2,161 
1,991 



13,996 
889 

1,094 



52 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For 



.xpl»m 



3 text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing. 

materials used during the year fBnr.s reporting. .. 

acres on which used . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . . 

Dr\ materials farms reporting . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting... 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting. .. 

Com farms reporting. . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . . 

Wheat farms reporting... 

Dry materials farms reporting. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Irish potatoes farms reporting,. . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . . 

All other crops farms reporting. . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting. .. 

Lime or liming materials used dunni: the year farms reporting. . . 



SPECIFIED F\HM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

Under 5100 farms reporting. . 

5100 to 5999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to 51,999 farms reporting.. 

52,000 to 54,999 farms reporting . . 

55,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reportin.;. , 

dollars . . 

Under 51,000 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to 52,49!) farms reporting.. 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 to S9.999 farms reporting. . 

510,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting . . 

$200 to 5999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 or more forma reporting . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

Under 5200 farms reporting. . 

5200 to 5499 farms reporting.. 

S500 to 5999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to S2.499 farms reporting. . 

52,500 to 51,999 farms reporting. . 

55,000 to 59,999 farms reporting . . 

S10.000 to 519,999 farms reporting. . 

520,000 to 549,999 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

Under 5100 farms reporting. , 

5100 to 5499 farms reporting. , 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting.. 

51,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline nnd other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

Under i 100 farms reporting. . 

5100 to 5199 farms reporting . 

5500 to §999 farms reporting . 

S1.U00 to 51,999 forms reporting. 

55,000 or more farms reporting. 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,898 

228,137 

389 

5,246 



4,530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



11,274 

402,704 

11,242 

78,944 

333 

2,322 

6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 

52 

184 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

30,847 



6,598 
217,139 
228,781 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

636 

471 

8,901 

2,882,677 

4,086 

4,421 



1,971 
1,383 
2,728 
1,596 



9,904 

4,375,171 

3,053 

5,278 



15,778 
9,822,833 
2,095 
6,883 
3,863 
2,875 
62 



42,023 
9,480 
1,083 
9,427 



24,640 

889 

5,087 



2,142 

2,127 

35,218,146 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data v« baaed on reports Tor only a sample of farms. Soe text ] 



53 



ESTIMATED VALUE OK PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All (aim pfOdUCtS Sold total, Hollars . 

average per farm, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars 

Field Chips, other than vegetables and fruiLs and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry aad puul try [Toducts sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting . 

number . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

Milk cows farms reporting. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. 

number. 
Steers and bulls including steer and hull calves farms reporting. 

Farms reporting bv number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 bead farms reporting. , 

2 to 4 head farm* reputing. , 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 99 head farm- reporting. , 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. , 

500 or more head farms reporting. , 

Cows, including heifers that have ealved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms repotting,, . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head forms reporting, . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

Born since June 1 farms reporting. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Shfrep and lambs farms reporting . . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. . 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 



doll 01 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 
442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 
2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 

1,965 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 



3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 

30,767 

577 

5,686 

877 

25,081 

872 

23,647 

706 

1,434 

9,201 

1,784,683 



10,116 

221,626 

25,303,518 

4,807 

193,791 

6,201,312 

725 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 



56,481,281 

26,368 

3,181,599 

2,502,571 

442,520 

49,203 

187,305 

53,299,682 

51,743,284 

542,285 

1,014,113 



2,156 

78 
2,065 



12,516,191 

542,285 

2,102 

46,344,474 



28,842,513 

76,709 

1,092,227 

807,528 

206,155 

3,169 

75,375 

27,750,286 

27,102,988 

282,255 

365,043 



2,196 

63 

1,129 



16,194,637 

a9,391 

1,270,941 

1,024,365 

168,495 

16,336 

61,745 

14,923,696 

14,590,871 

104,020 

228,805 



2,541,055 
940,190 | 



7,535,122 
15,222 
537,504 
436,486 
43,310 
14,848 
42,860 
6,997,618 
6,653,122 
114,545 

229,951 



3,360 

110 

2,295 



2,636,508 

8,370 

174,499 

142,576 

20,535 

10,388 

1,000 

2,462,009 

2,320,833 

28,105 

113,071 



1,115,881 

3,848 

102,297 

90,110 

2,850 

3,012 

6,325 

1,013,584 

929,051 

13,333 

71,198 



See footnotes at end of labia 



54 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 6.-Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting 

number of litters 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting 

40 to 69 litters Tarms reporting 

70 or more litters farms reporting 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting 

number of litters 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting 

number of litters 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting 



Under 11 a 
11 to 24 a. 
25 to 49 a< 
50 to 74 a< 



Harvested for grain . 



g reporting 
s reporting 

a reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Wheat harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 
Barley harvested farms reporting 

bushels 

Sales farms reporting 

bushels 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

bushels 



Sales farms reporting 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting 

Sales farms reporting 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 



Sales farms report ing 



Sales farms reporting 

Other hay cut farms reporting 



tons, green weight 



bushels 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 


261 


16,657 


1,163 


3,081 


273 


15,694 


1,326 


12,502 


1,020 


429,975 


26,814 


3,095 


307 


3,787 


345 


3,238 


230 


1,101 


80 


519 


31 


. 762 


27 


11,820 


1,010 


367,123 


25,981 


20,189,642 


1,341,230 


6,304 


674 


11,431,912 


923,230 


7,166 


336 


146,468 


4,347 


3,629,025 


110,209 


6,290 


266 


3,196,335 


93,759 


4,247 


163 


47,785 


1,152 


2,028,738 


45,615 


467 


15 


138,375 


11,375 


4,752 


226 


68,770 


2,340 


2,549,641 


87,110 


1,279 


98 


797,643 


46,120 


3,482 


604 


169,494 


22,234 


4,001,008 


542,493 


375,215 


7,198 


4,091 


77 


102,553 


960 


280,809 


2,360 


385 


15 


14,751 


230 


7,272 


324 


178,305 


4,311 


297,058 


7,006 


807 


50 


20,801 


680 


2,707 


107 


39,554 


950 


57,339 


1,698 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160,693 

2,786 

2,837 

624,453 

3,009 

35,031 

30,073,128 

2,787 

9,977,977 



8,885 

5 

3,800 



14,675 

35 

12,445 



and butterfat sold. z Does not Include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 4 of 6.-Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farma. See Lent J 



55 



(For definitions and explai 



FARMS, ACREAGE. AND VALVE 
Fafms numbers 

Land in farms awes. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average sire of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

I" i, 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. , 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. , 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 ro 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms report! np. . 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to M years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 lo 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other members of ramily working orf farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working ofr their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their Farms operators reporting. . 

With other members or ramily working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number. . 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number.. 

ir.0 to ?19 acres number.. 

220 lo 259 acres number. . 

260 to 499 acres number.. 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2.000 or more acres number.. 

Seo footnotes at end of table. 



15,979 

2,920,047 

182.7 



H.719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 

252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106,563 

466 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 
2,341 



996 
1,993 
1,066 
1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



5,070 
100.0 
1,075,410 
100.0 
212.1 



2,984 

121,762 

1,136 

30,684 



21,834 

1,410 
37,558 
3,264 
136,235 
3,305 
164,690 
1,573 
66,910 

45 



56,008 

309 

11,323 



123,298 
11.5 
638.8 



114 

14,828 

64 

4,229 

14 

1,415 

52 

2,814 

42 

2,024 

138 

16,980 

95 

19,078 

66 

12,170 

20 
700 

51 
4,727 

14 
1,264 

23 
3,428 

14 
1,423 



18.0 

269, 170 

' 25.0 

294.5 



18,755 

105 

5,260 



2,043 

40.3 

413,607 

38.5 

202.5 



10,330 

76 

3,700 



541 
13,215 
1,308 
49,094 
1,395 
64,870 
715 
25,115 



21,880 

115 

2,760 



1,280 

25.2 

193,795 

18.0 

151.4 



1,675 

135 
4,755 

215 

9,480 

40 

1,000 



56 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6. -Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

AM farm operators: 



Cash tenan 

Share-cn^h 
Crop-share 



. .number 



Livestock-share tenants number 

Croppers number 

Other and unspecified tenants number 

White farm operators: 



Croppers number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting . . 

Com pickers , > v farms reporting. . 

number., 
Pick-up balers * farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 



Tractors farms reporting . , 

number., 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting., 

number., 

1 tractor farms reporting . , 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting. , 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more u-actors farms reporting. , 



Wheel t 

Crawler 

Garden tri 






.farms reporting. . . 



Automobiles farms rccorting . 

\utomobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 



Telephone forms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 



Farms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 



or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 



FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 



Regular hired workers (employed 150 c 



Farms reporting by number of regulai 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



3 days) farms reporting . , 



3 reporting., 
3 reporting., 

3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 



RESIDENCE OF FARM lift 1(A I'Olt 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting r, 



See foolnotes at end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



5,134 
5,450 
5,080 
5,293 
5,950 
6,048 

2,365 
2,567 
11,501 
16,613 

14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 
4,884 
5,229 
2,423 
858 
612 



14,039 
18, 867 
15,245 

13,228 
10,954 
5,411 
5,388 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



2,689 
1,136 
1,216 



2,679 
1,136 
1,211 



2,114 
3,513 
3,552 

1,667 
1,803 
4,184 
5,517 

4,980 
13,007 
4,960 
11,432 
1,102 
2,115 
1,177 
377 
189 



4,621 
6,383 
4,969 

4,623 
4,116 
4,744 
4,757 



2,018 
5,395 
2,008 
4,675 



1,912 
2,566 
2,018 

1,948 
1,783 
1,998 



1,255 
2,525 
1,255 
2,250 



1,150 
1,375 
1,250 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.-Dairy farms 

| Data are hased on r<*port^ for only a -.ample of tarn*. Reo lex, 



57 



use of roMMrm i u nimi izF.it and lime 



Dry materials farms reporting . . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

f^rops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

Dr\ materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reportine.. 

Dry materials farms reporting;. . 

Liquid materials farm? reporting.. 

Corn farms reporting . . 

Dry materials farms reportine. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

Pry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Irish potatoes •- . Jarn.s reporting,. . 

Dry materials ..farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops farms reporting . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting,. 

I me or limine riintermU iwd lurnv I he year farms reporting. . 



SPECIFIED FARM EX PENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farm- reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

I'nder ~100 fnm - reporting. . 

$100 to $999 farm* reporting. . 

$1,000 to $1,999 f am * reporting. . 

$2,000 to S4.999 farms renorting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poult/v farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under «1,000 form- reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 firm- reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reining. . 

$5,000 to S9.999 fam R renorting.. 

$10,000 or nore farms reporting . . 

Machine hire farm, reporting. . 

dollars.. 

I nder SJ0O farms reporting . . 

$200 to $999 farms reeorting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms report mg . . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $1.999 farm- reporting.. 

$5,000 to S9.999 fam.- reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,099 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to ^49,999 farms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, hulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

I'nder SIIH1 fan..s reporting. . 

S100 to $199 farms reporting. . 

st"iOU u. -O'lfl fam.s report i np. . 

sin: i ore farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petn.I fuel 

and oil for the Tane husinesn farms reporting. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to M99 farms reporting.. 

S500 to $199 fam,. reporting. . 

51,000 to E 1,999 farm- reporting.. 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,898 

228,137 

389 

5,246 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 



6,598 
217, 139 
228,781 



15,979 
13,123 
59,258,746 
1,214 
4,035 
2,050 
3,036 
2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 

8,901 

2,882,677 

4,086 

4,421 

394 

11,322 

25,219,664 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



9,904 

4,375,171 

3,053 

5,278 



15,778 

9, 822, 833 

2,095 

6,883 



4,917 
397,770 
76,180 
4,907 
74,798 
134 
1,382 



4,530 


2,786 


151,779 


96,715 


4,498 


2,756 


31,794 


19,732 


54 


47 


216 


185 


1,818 


1,222 


47,726 


31,605 


1,808 


1,212 


9,260 


6,068 


20 


15 


55 


30 


11,274 
402,704 
11,242 


4,417 

148,771 

4,397 


78,944 
333 


26,084 
97 


2,322 


922 


6,163 


2,892 


134,280 
6,137 


60,122 
2,8?7 


25,025 


11,009 



2,691 

60,417 
2,676 
11,792 



2,911 
92, 696 
112,501 



5,070 

5,050 

16,330,896 



3,152 

4,566,610 

1,995 



3,623 

1,250,981 

1,338 

2,120 



1,801 
1,925 
1,163 



159,528 
29,441 
2,003 
29,084 



1,228 
38, 123 
1,213 
7,539 



1,076 
22,648 
1,071 
4,141 



1,221 
35,400 
42>380 



2,043 

2,043 

6,201,535 



1,235 
54,680 
9,667 
1,235 
9,667 



1,827 


1,105 


59,610 


23,060 


1,822 


1,105 


9,978 


3,848 


35 




203 




1,296 


680 


26,442 


9,965 


1,291 


680 


4,838 


1,869 



1,280 

1,275 

2,286,070 



See footnotes 



I ,.f i,il.l... 



58 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.-Dairy farms 



[D.< 



3 based on reports For only a sample or farms. See text/] 



s and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollar 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . 

Vegetables sold dollars . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



s reporting . 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have c 



Heifers and heifer calves. . 
Steers and bulls including s 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. , 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting., 

50 to 99 heBd Tamis reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. , 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 hoad farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Milk cows- 

1 hoad forms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting., 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. , 

100 or more head farms reporting . , 

Horses and/of mules farms reporting. 

number . 
HOgS and pigS farms reporting. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . 

number . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number *. 

Ewes farms reporting. 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

dollars., 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number., 
dollars.. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . 

number . , 

dollars . . 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting.. 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . , 



dollai 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 
442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 
2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 

3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 



23,647 

706 

1,434 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 

4,807 

193,791 

6,201,312 

725 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



76,536,440 

15,096 

7,162,690 

6,251,463 

698, 116 

7,232 

205,879 

69,373,750 

1,312,517 

59,505,481 

8,555,752 



5,055 
278,102 

5,055 
175,236 

5,050 
172,603 

4,764 

90,288 
3,938 
12,578 



90 

1,212 
3,122 
2,408 

42,105 
1,529 

24,913 
2,023 

17,192 

189 



5,045 

121,009 

7,096,787 

1,574 

43,053 

1,377,696 

154 



5,070 

1,322,512,218 

59,505,481 

1,434 

201,268 

2,069 

2,728,550 

1,009,564 



10,507,814 

54,445 

1,325,456 

1,093,095 

160,992 

593 

70,776 

9,182,358 

27,005 

7,838,530 



19,290 

193 
18,717 



24,414,272 

26,711 

1,917,948 

1,603,369 

260,197 

1,002 

53,380 

22,496,324 

337,416 

19,550,655 

2,608,253 



914 
79,195 

914 
50,537 

914 
49,912 

869 
25,896 

723 
2,762 



29,344,245 

14,363 

2,865,079 

2,630,891 

192,222 

3,542 

38,424 

26,479,166 

538,932 

22,949,541 

2,990,693 



2,033 
108,623 

2,033 
68,409 

2,033 
67,539 

1,978 
35,419 
1,628 
4,795 



8,854 

835 

6,740 



2,043 
516,752,968 
22,949,541 



9,997,450 

7,811 

835,226 

744,559 

70,610 

1,747 

18,310 

9,162,224 

338,932 

7,587,225 

1,236,067 



1,280 
43,650 

1,280 
28,020 

1,275 
27,620 



1,270 
18,745 
949,450 



1,280 

179,093,444 

7,587,225 



2,063,735 

4,007 

211,884 

173,938 

13,345 

175 

24,426 

1,851,851 

51,676 

1,455,250 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 6.-Dairy farms 

| Data are based on reports for only ■ sample of farms. See text J 



59 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-ConUnuod 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters, 
reporting . 
3 9 litters 



June 2 to November 
December 1 to June 



reporting . 

'arms reporting, 
rms reporting . 
rms reporting, 
rms reporting, 
number of litters, 

1 farms reporting . 

number of litters . 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting 

Under 11 acres 



11 to 24 a 
25 to 49 a 
50 to 74 a 
75 to 99 a 



Harvested for grain . 



reporting. 

reporting . 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting . 
reporting . 



bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting... 

bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting.. . 

bushels. . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting. .. 

bushels. . . 
Barley harvested farms reporting... 

bushels. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

bushels... 
Soybeans harvested for beans .farms reporting. . . 

bushels . . . 



cut for hay farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 



Sales farms reporting. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 



tons, green weight. 



bushels. 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting. 



Land in bearing and nanbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 


1,103 


16,657 


3,750 


3,081 


979 


15,694 


4,057 


12,502 


4,769 


429,975 


161, 229 


3,095 


700 


3,787 


1,580 


3,238 


1,586 


1,101 


535 


519 


179 


762 


189 


11,820 


4,265 


367,123 


112,431 


20,189,642 


6,552,580 


6,304 


1,630 


11, 431, 912 


2,478,600 


7,166 


3,101 


146,468 


62,862 


3,629,025 


1,566,060 


6,290 


2.889 


3,196,335 


1,373,395 


4,247 


2,596 


47,785 


32,013 


2,028,738 


1,414,275 


467 


170 


138,375 


42,730 


4,752 


2,433 


68,770 


30,902 


2,549,641 


1,121,844 


1,279 


365 


797,643 


126,599 


3,482 


261 


169,494 


7,877 


4,001,008 


188,693 



7,272 

178,305 

297,058 

807 

20,801 

2,707 

39,554 

57,339 

192 

2,625 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160, 698 

2,786 
2,837 
624,453 
3,009 
35,031 
30,073,128 



2,824 
75,524 
212,962 



1,122 
20,939 
123,775 



1,792 

45,233 

2,632,450 

762 

973,305 

1,421 
27,462 
702,630 
1,301 
620,605 
1,112 
14,045 
626,835 



1,151 
12,993 
460,314 



1,286 
30,770 
85,115 



1,607 
44,338 
80,965 



1,030 
17,560 
912,145 



30,150 

20 

9,060 



i and butterfat sold. 2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 3 Does not Include data for farms with 



60 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explui 



; text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number. -. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 
Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporrinp . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices'. 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting.. 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number. . 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number. . 

OFF-FARM WORK .AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres - number.. 

100 to 1 39 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. . 

2 000 or more acres number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15,979 

2,920,047 

182.7 



14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 
252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106,563 

466 



15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 
2,341 



1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



2,184 
100.0 
470,544 
100.0 
215.5 



556 
21,695 

200 
7,055 

420 
14,640 

663 
27,277 

1,417 
86,583 

1,367 



9,322 

349 
14,480 

389 

26,758 

169 

6,710 



71,261 
15.1 
963.0 



2,389 

15 
3,459 

17 

3,928 

8 

2,065 



66,944 
14.2 
421.0 



14.3 

82,403 

17.5 

263.3 



8,725 

70 

1,885 



25.5 

104,711 

22.3 



35.3 

111,000 

23.6 

143.8 



2,265 

141 

2,996 



1,260 

106 
2,779 

75 
3,305 

35 
1,375 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data an* bused on reports for only a sample of farm3. See toxt | 



61 



(For definitions and oxplni 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

AM farm operators: 

Full owners nun,i*T... 

Part owners number... 

All tenant* number... 

Cash tenants number . . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . . 

Crop-share tenants number.. , 

Livestock- share tenants number. . . 

Croppers number... 

Olhcf and unspecified tenants number. . . 

While farm operators: 

Full owners number.. . 

Part owners number . . . 

Croppers number . . . 

Nonwhile farm operators: 

Full owners number. .. 

Part owners number . . . 

Croppers number . . . 

SPECIFIED EQUPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. .. 

number... 
Com pickers farms reporting. .. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting... 

number... 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting... 

Motortrucks farms reporting . . . 

number , . . 

Tractors farms reporting . . . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . . 

1 tractor farms reporting . . . 

2 tractors farms reporting- .. 

3 tractors farms reporting. . . 

4 tractors farms reporting... 

5 or more tractors farm-, reporting... 

Wheel tractors farms reporting , . . 

number... 
Crawler tractors farms reporting... 

Garden tractors farms re|wrttng . . . 

Automobiles farms reporting... 

\utomobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. ■ ■ 

Telephone farms reporting . . . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . . 

Milking machine farms reporting... 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . . . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. .. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower ,. ..farms reporting. . , 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface. farms reporting . . . 

Grmvel, shell, or shale farms reporting... 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting... 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting... 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . . 

1 mile farms reporting ... 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting... 

4 miles farms reporting... 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . . . 

persons... 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting .. . 

persons . . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting... 

S hired workers farms reporting... 

3 or \ hired workers farms reporting . . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Operators not reporting residence number... 

See footnotes al end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,035 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



1,567 

351 
150 



5,184 
5,450 


584 
599 


5,080 


583 


5,293 


606 


5,950 


981 


6,048 


1,013 


2,365 


344 


2,567 


379 


11, 501 


1,558 


16,613 


2,330 


14,296 


1,997 


33,671 


4,624 


14,006 


1,977 


29,984 


4,036 


4,884 


811 


5,229 


706 


2,423 


271 


858 


100 


612 


89 


13,930 


1,977 


29,186 


3,888 


704 


136 


798 


148 


3,405 


569 


3,687 


588 


14,039 


1,920 


18,867 


2,695 


15,245 


2,123 


13,228 


1,882 


10,954 


1,527 


5,411 


124 


5,388 


129 



13,996 

889 

1,094 



62 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
1 fertilizer and fertilizing 



Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid mali-rials farms reporting 



Other pastur 









5 reporting 
* reporting 
s reporting 
i reporting 

3 reporting 



Corn /arms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Wheat : . farms reporting 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. 

Dry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials farms reporting 

All other crops farms reporting 

Pry materials farms reporting 

Liquid materials f 






: the ye 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

«ny of the following s|iocifiod oxfiondiUires farms reporting 

Feed for livestock and poultry fam-a reporting 

dollars 

Under $100 farms reporting 

5100 to $999 farm- reportint 

S1.000 to $1,999 farms reporting 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting 

55,000 or more farms reporting 

Purchase of livestock and poulu-v farms reporting 

dollars 

Under $1,000 farms reporting 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 to S9.999 fam.s reporting 

510,000 or more farms reporting 

Machine hire farm- reporting 

dollars 

Under $200 farms reporting 

$200 to <999 farms reporting 

$1,000 or more farms reporting 

Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars 

Under $200 farms reporting 

$200 to $499 farms reporting 

S500 to $999 farms reporting 

S1.000 to $2,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 to $1,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 to $9,999 ram.s reporting 

510,000 to $19,999 farms reporting 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting 

$50,000 or najre farms reporting 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting 

dollars 

Under $100 farms reporting 

MOO to $499 farms reporting 

$500 to t999 farms reporting 

$1,000 or more farms reporting 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting 

dollars 

Under f 100 farms reporting 

SI 00 to $499 farms reporting 

S500 to S999 farms reporting 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting 

$5,000 or more farms reporting 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,896 

228,137 

389 

5,246 



4,530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



1,818 
47,726 
1,808 
9,260 



11,274 
402,704 
11,242 
78,944 



6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 



2,477 

554 

2,267 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 

84 

2,469 

6,598 

217,139 

228,781 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 

8,901 

2,882,677 

4,086 

4,421 

394 

11,322 

25,219,664 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



1,795 

122,499 

24,055 

1,795 

23,750 

19 

305 



1,454 
44,680 
1,453 
8,567 



15,181 

866 

2,871 



1,020 
22,686 
1,015 
4,406 



2,184 

2,088 

3,630,025 



9,904 


1,263 


4,375,171 


322,336 


3,053 


470 


5,278 


659 


913 


81 


660 


53 


15,778 


2,169 


9,822,833 


1,117,355 


2,095 


395 


6,883 


1,064 


3,863 


426 



5,280 
310 

1,069 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[D&U aro bued on reports for only * sample of farms, Soo'text ] 



63 



(Foe definitions and ctplai 



ESTIMATED VALl'E OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOUHCE 

All farm products sold total, dollai 

average per farm, (lollai 

All crops sold lollai 

Field cropp, other than vegetable? and fruits and nuts, sold dollai 

Vegetables sold. , 



Fruit 









Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollar 

Dairy products sold dollai 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollai 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers t 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull c 



= reporting. 

number. 

i reporting. 



< reporting. 
* reporting. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head '. farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting, 

10 to 19 head farm* reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head . farms reporting . , 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting., 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

SO to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

number. 
HOgS and pigS farms reporting. 

number. 
Born since June 1 farms reporting. 

number . 
Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

Sheep and lafnbS farms reporting. 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting., 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting. 

number. 
Rams and wethers farms reporting . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

fk 
Hogs and pigs sold alive Tarms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

dollars 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting 

dollars 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

doll i 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 
442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 
2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 

3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



21,476,288 

9,833 

2,477,260 

1,914,548 

380,856 

22,825 

159,031 

18,999,028 

681,505 

563,040 

17,754,483 



2,034 
104,653 

1,588 

30,289 

916 

3,610 

1,569 
28,712 

1,824 
45,652 



1,910 
1,275 

70,592 
952 

47,594 
1,091 

22,998 



2,034 

73,666 

14,980,619 

1,134 

79,192 

2,534,144 

309 



5,736,675 
77,523 
492,501 
242,929 
219,866 
12,256 
17,450 
5,244,174 
66,844 
303,270 

4,874,060 



2,732 

64 

13,925 



4,248,431 

26,720 

483,861 

447,979 

30,050 

2,077 

3,755 

3,764,570 

121,626 

30,735 

3,612,209 



4,321,687 
13,807 
527,337 
478,139 
33,015 
1,028 
15,155 
3,794,350 
96,566 
159,400 

3,538,384 



5,258 

283 

8,186 



3,997,551 

7,190 

550,823 

422,692 

51,285 

1,884 

74,962 

3,446,728 

185,430 

29,340 

3,231,958 



25,077 

376 

8,087 



2,817,721 

3,650 

376,173 

288,223 

46,580 

4,287 

37,083 

2,441,548 

.92,125 

22,165 



64 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 6.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959.... farms reporting.. 

number of liuers . . 

1 or 2 liuers farms reporting. . 

3 to 9 liuers farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting . . 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters .-. farms reporting . 

70 or more litters farms reporting . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 
December 1 to June 1 : farms reporting . 

number or liuers . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. 



Under 11 i 
11 to 24 a< 
25 to 49 a< 
50 to 74 a. 
75 to 99 a. 



farms reporting . . 

farms reporting. . 

farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

bushels.. 

Sales tums reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 
Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

bushels . , 



Sales farms reporting . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting... 

Sales farms reporting. .. 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting... 



Other hay cut farms reporting. 



Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
clover, or small grains farms reporting . 

tons, green weight. 



bushels . 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting . 

pounds . 



.dollars. 



Land In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 
16,657 

3,081 
15,694 



12,502 

429,975 

3,095 

3,767 

3,238 

1,101 

519 

762 

11,820 

367,123 

20,189,642 

6,304 

11,431,912 

7,166 

146,468 

3,629,025 

6,290 

3,196,335 

4,247 

47,785 

2,028,738 

467 

138,375 

4,752 

68,770 

2,549,641 

1,279 

797,643 

3,482 

169,494 

4,001,008 



375,215 

4,091 
102,553 
280,809 



7,272 

178,305 

297,058 

807 

20,801 

2,707 

39,554 

57,339 

192 

2,625 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160,698 

2,786 
2,837 
624,453 
3,009 
35,031 
30,073,128 



1,567 

40,494 

2,330,198 

428 

510,309 

1,036 

17,060 

414,581 

810 

345,922 



1,357 
-35,518 
56,274 



7,380 


9,395 


8,379 


462,025 


549,280 


416,970 


87 


140 


126 


120,600 


122,255 


58,385 


202 


295 


330 


4,599 


3,610 


4,085 


114,404 


85,975 


90,125 


171 


215 


255 


100,536 


65,110 


71,615 


105 


225 


210 


1,353 


2,315 


1,880 


61,835 


88,930 


75,090 


20 


20 


15 


2,240 


3,850 


3,400 


146 


245 


195 


2,716 


2,830 


1,680 


96,645 


99,555 


64,190 


30 


40 


25 


18,795 


9,385 


6,240 


. 12 


65 


35 


• 280 


930 


390 


7,200 


22,B75- 


7,345 



10,530 

30 

1,235 



1,065 

256 

1,100 



1 Includes milk" equivalent of 
"include'data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



Z Reported in small fractia 



and butterfat sold. 



'Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Part 6 of 6. -General farms 



65 



| Data are based c 



KAIIMS, MUKACiK, AND VALim 



suibution perc 



Value ol land and buildings 



Land in farms according to use; 

Cropland harvested (arms reporti 



10 to 19 acr 
20 to 29 acr 
30 to 49 acr 
50 to 99 acr 
100 to 199 . 
200 to 499 • 
500 to 999 ■ 
1,000 or mo. 



. .farms reporting 
. .'arms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
. .farms reporting 
. farms reporti ng 
.farms reporting 
• farms reporting 
. farms reporting' 



Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

Cropland not harveslnl and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured. farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Ungated land in (aims farms reporting 

Land use practices 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 



> and pasture land farms reporting 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 



Operators reporting age . 



45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number. 

65 or more years number . 

Average age years . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER rNCOME 



Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, loual operators 

1 to 99 days operators 

100 to 199 days operators 

200 or more days operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other tiian farm 

operated and off- farm work operators 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work o(( their farms. operators 

With other members of family working off farm operators 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators 

With other income of ramily exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators 

FARMS BY SIZE 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 



r..)-.rlin,.' . 
reporting. 



15,979 

2,920,047 

182.7 



14,719 
1,363,096 
1,051 
1,237 
1,123 
2,308 



,535 



,287 



252,017 
4,964 
139,516 
1,665 
39,962 
3,931 
99,554 

3,302 
97,028 
10,614 
625,091 
6,370 
294,602 
2,580 
106,563 

466 



3,795 
1,957 
49.9 



2,677 
2,341 



996 
1,993 
1,066 
1,696 
2,435 
2,059 

1,507 
1,046 
2,347 



1,054 
100.0 
220,363 
100.0 
209.1 



14,894 

385 

7,897 



7,595 

35 

1,155 



39,765 
18.0 
479.1 



19.1 

57,300 

26.0 

285.1 



28.9 

56,105 

25.5 

184.0 



15,605 

140 

3,680 



2,0011 or more aiT 
See footnotes 



26.7 

34,725 

15.8 

123.6 



66 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explat 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 
All farm operators: 



Cash tenant: 
Share-cash t 
Crop-share t 



.!>■■ l-'f ■ 

, .number., 
..number.. 



Livestock-share tenants - number . 

Cropper* number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants .number.. 

White farm operators: 



Nonwhito farm operators: 



Croppers number. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines , farms reporting.. 

number. 

Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . 



Field forage harvesters farms reporting. , 



Tractors farms reporting . . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

1 tractor farms reporting., 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting. , 

4 tractors farms reporting., 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors farms ronorlin 

numbc 
Crawler tractors farms reportin 

Garden tractors farr,,s reporting . 

number. , 

Automobiles farms reporting . , 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone forms reportin 

Home freezer farms reportin 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 



Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting... 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting... 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. .. 

1 mile .farms reporting . . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting... 

4 miles farms reporting . . . 

5 or more miles farms reporting... 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 



Regular hired workers (employed 1 



Farms reporting hy nurrher of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting., 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers : farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



5,184 
5,450 
5,080 
5,293 
5,950 
6,048 

2,365 
2,567 
11,501 

16,613 

14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 
4,884 
5,229 
2,423 
858 
612 



14,039 
18,867 
15,245 

13,228 
10,954 
5,411 

5,388 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



13,996 

889 

1,094 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 



67 



mple of farm*. See t 



I text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
msii. -i ml- used -Ini in- (he yenr farms reporting. .. 

Dry materials .farms reporting . , . 

Liquid maUvinls farms reporting. . . 

Crops on which used— 

Hay and cropland posture farms reporting,. . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . . 

Corn ..farm.*: reporting... 

Dry materials farms reporting. . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Wheat farms renting. . . 

Dry materials forms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . . 

Irish potatoes ram.s reporting. . . 

Dry materials fur . - report ing.. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

All other crops farms reporting . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting... 

Liquid materials farms reporting... 

Lime or limine materials u.sed during the year.. farms reporting... 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures forms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry forms reporting., 

dollars., 

Under $100 forms reporting . . 

5100 to 5999 fam.s reporting. , 

$1,000 to 51,999 farm- reporting.. 

52,000 to 54,990 farms reporting . , 

55.000 or more farms reporting., 

Purchase of livestock and poultrv farms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Under $1.000 farr* reporting. , 

$1,000 to $0,499 fans reporting. , 

55,500 to *4,999 farms reporting., 

55,000 to $9,999 fam.s reporting. . 

510,000 or more farm-i reporting.. 

Machine hire Farm- reporting . , 

dollars., 

Under $200 farms reporting., 

5200 to 5999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Hired labor forms reporting. , 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting., 

$200 to 5499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to 5999 forms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

55,000 to 59,909 forms reporting.. 

$10,000 to 519,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to «49,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees forms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Under *100 farms rerttrtmp . . 

M00 to 5499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to ^999 farms reportine . . 

M ,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil fof the farm liu^me-- farms reporting.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

5100 to *I91 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reportinf . . 

51,000 to JI.999 farms reporting . . 

55,000 or more farms report, ng. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,898 

228,137 

389 

5,246 

A, 530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



1,818 
47,726 
1,808 
9,260 



11,274 
402,704 
11,242 
78,944 



6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 



11,192 

514 

2,246 



9,226 


626 


294,684 


23,561 


9,154 


621 


80,847 


5,993 


84 


5 


2,469 


50 


6,598 


455 


217,139 


12,572 


228,781 


11,540 


15,979 


1,054 


13,123 


896 


59, 58,746 


1,719,700 


1,214 


75 


4,035 


428 


2,050 


195 


3,036 


127 


3,788 


71 


S189 


688 


23,243,857 


594,872 


5.495 


549 


1,498 


76 


1,039 


45 


686 


10 


471 


8 


8,901 


632 


2,832,677 


226,055 


4,086 


270 


4 , 421 


322 


394 


40 


11,32; 


713 


25,219,664 


1,190,370 


2,491 


220 


1,971 


100 


1,383 


75 


2,728 


196 


1,596 


74 



9,904 


763 


4,375,171 


224,239 


3,053 


230 


5,278 


427 


913 


56 


660 


50 


15,778 


1,049 


9,822,833 


657,607 


2,095 


106 


6,883 


447 


3,863 


310 


2,875 


182 



4,680 
58 

1,644 



8,530 
160 

1,805 



6,795 
126 

1,897 



68 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 



0*i 



i based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



* and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 
All farm .products sold total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 

All crops sold dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars 

Vegetables sold dollars 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 

Poultry and poul try products sold dollars 

Dairy products sold .-.dollars 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and Calves farms reporting 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting 

number 

Milk cows farms reporting 

number 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting 

number 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting 

number 

' Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 4 head farms reporting 

5 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 to 499 head farms reporting 

500 or more head farms reporting 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 heed farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

HOfSeS and/or mules farms reporting 

HogS and pigS farms reporting 

Born since June 1 farms reporting 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Stieep and lambs farms reporting 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting 

number 

Ewes .farms reporting 

number 

Rams and wethers farms reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting 

number 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting 

dollars 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 



ilollflJ 



224,435,215 
14,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,977 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 

442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



1,069 
1,454 
4,049 

2,355 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 
2,258 
1,250 
1,476 
1,736 
610 
159 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



9,833,946 

9,330 

5,787,408 

3,847,181 

1,429,304 

104,642 

406,281 

4,046,538 

1,138,586 

914,825 

1,993,127 



7,065 

600 

4,727 



3,538 


336 


10,971 


1,378 


7,523 


697 


185,954 


23,419 


4,762 


511 


116,453 


14,184 


6,416 


631 


69,501 


9,235 



1,338,433 
102,956 
622,638 
345,514 
261,774 

15,350 
715,795 
342,406 
148,220 



2,265,135 
27,291 
1,348,981 
942,202 
311,125 
29,325 
66,329 
916,154 
163,453 
280,240 

472,461 



2,832,370 
14,091 
1,838,660 
1,147,208 
463,490 
30,617 
197,345 
993,710 
260,752 
264,255 

468,703 



2,128,417 
6,978 
1,269,530 
920, 233 
270,740 
30,700 
47,857 
858,887 
213,428 
154,120 

491,339 



. 250 
4,150 

220 
1,770 

180 
1,265 

185 

1,295 

180 

1,085 



2,165 


2,125 


247,180 


262,790 


120 


160 


6,675 


6,310 


213,600 


201,920 



1,054,331 
3,752 
579,130 
402,509 
93,055 
7,586 
75,980 
475,201 
134,740 
64,075 

276,386 



See footnotes at end of labia 



MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 6.-General farms 

DaU are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



69 



LIVESTOCK A.ND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters (arrowed December 1 , 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting . 

number of litters . 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 
s reporting . 
* repotting . 
s reporting . 

s reporting, 
number of liUers. 
. . farms reporting. 



December 1 



, of III 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes far^a reporting 



11 to 24 i 
25 to 49 ! 



Harvested for gram . 



s reporting . 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 



Wheat harvested farms reporting . . , 

bushels . . . 

Sales '• farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . , 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

Sales farms 



bushels . . 
porting . . 
bushels . . 



Barley harvested fa 



bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

bushels . . 



Sales farms reporting. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 



Sales farms reporting . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 



Sales farms reporting. 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

Sales farms reporting. 



tons, green weight.. 



bushels . 
Tobacco harvested farms reporting. 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms vith less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



3,973 
32,351 
1,224 
1,735 



3,476 
16,657 

3,081 
15,694 



12,502 

429,975 

3,095 

3,787 

3,238 

1,101 

519 

762 

11,820 

367,123 

20,189,642 

6,304 

11,431,912 

7,166 

146,468 

3,629,025 

6,290 

3,196,335 

4,247 



138,375 

4,752 

68,770 

2,549,641 

1,279 

797,643 

3,482 

169,494 

4,001,008 



375,215 



7,272 

178,305 
297,053 



2,707 
39,554 
57,339 



1,167 
22,585 
30,739 



1,398 
27,672 
160,698 



2,786 

2,837 

624,453 

3,009 

35,031 

30,073,128 

2,787 

9,977,977 



916,225 

554 

1,429,304 



4,205 


3,755 


105,650 


102,505 


135 


195 


98,175 


92,910 



70 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





text) 


Total all farms 




Cummer* 


tal farms by type of 


farm 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, set 


Total 


Cash-grain farms 


Tobacco farms 


Other field-crop 


Vegetable faras 


FARMS, ACREAGE, AW) VALUE 
Percent distribution 


number... 
percent... 


25,108 

3,452,561 

137.5 

36,461 
276.22 

21,971 

1,486,431 

4,316 

3,132 

1,998 

3,118 

4,900 

3,151 

1,182 

150 

24 

10,027 

296,407 

8,194 

198,582 

2,559 

57,425 

6,550 

141,157 

4,774 

133,227 

15,652 

799,227 

9,352 

348,661 

3,318 

117,998 

513 

16,023 

5,633 

173,060 

1,903 
75,330 

. 2,068 

109,783 

801 

26,337 

24,820 
256 
2,243 
5,528 
6,753 
5,381 
4,659 
51.5 

11,784 
3,182 
1,535 
7,067 
3,790 

5,897 

7,912 

13,324 
2,556 
5,122 

2,421 

2,631 

5,993 

2,101 

2,581 

3,220 

2,394 

1,692 

1,156 

2,462 

717 

128 

33 


15,979 
100.0 
2,920,047 
100.0 
182.7 

47,087 
264.34 

14,719 

1,363,096 

1,051 

1,237 

1,123 

2,308 

4,535 

3,131 

1,164 

147 

23 

7,287 

252,017 

4,964 

139,516 

1,665 

39,962 

3,931 

99,554 

3,302 

97,028 

10,614 

625,091 

6,370 

294,602 

2,580 

106,563 

466 

15,595 

4,464 
162,121 

1,579 
69,160 

1,730 

100,423 

683 

23,314 

15,803 
206 
1,603 
3,796 
4,446 
3,795 
1,957 
49.9 

5,433 
2,507 
765 
2,161 
1,580 

2,67.7 

2,341 

10,546 
1,824 
3,015 

685 

996 

1,993 

1,066 

1,696 

2,435 

2,059 

1,507 

1,046 

2,347 

681 

122 

31 


1,740 

10.9 

486,900 

16.7 

279.8 

49,688 
185.82 

1,740 
291,108 

70 

45 

122 

515 

494 

419 

70 

5 

719 

18,379 

547 

19,430 

161 

4,960 

446 

14,470 

140 

4,210 

1,400 

119,802 

274 

7,760 

71 

1,015 

31 

1,299 

749 
55,057 

46 
3,655 

35 

2,270 

26 

685 

1,728 
25 
251 
424 
421 
420 
187 
48.4 

670 
351 
101 
218 
211 

315 

252 

1,070 
200 
270 

53 

100 
70 
160 
185 
220 
200 
136 
436 
195 

'I 


2,750 

17.2 

345,643 

11.8 

125.7 

34,211 
286.98 

2,750 

101,114 
420 
631 
420 
680 
426 
146 
26 
1 

1,086 

24,699 

1,539 

41,631 

766 

12,825 

1,149 

28,806 

607 

13,491 

1,889 

130,849 

479 

10,117 

190 

3,030 

31 

340 

1,723 
25,321 

171 
3,710 

121 

2,920 

91 

1,591 

2,735 
45 
261 
658 
778 
708 
285 
49.6 

1,146 
561 
160 
425 
431 

480 

473 

1,604 
305 
357 

121 

165 

620 
305 
405 
415 
270 
135 
125 
240 
60 
9 
1 


98 

0.6 

19,717 

0.7 

201.2 

43,207 
257.67 

98 
13,080 

10 
35 
40 
11 
2 

21 
300 

32 
326 

10 
105 

27 

221 

1 

50 

53 
3,704 

20 
620 

56 
1,764 

82 
5,985 

98 

5 
20 
27 
30 
16 
52.8 

5 
5 

"5 

93 
21 
47 

5 

5 
5 
10 
15 
30 
10 

16 
6 
1 


342 

2.1 

76,458 

2.6 


Value of land and buildings: 






Aver aCTe 


dollars... 


237.42 


Land in farms according to use: 








50,754 




















50 to 99 acres 


farms reporting... 


55 
45 






36 






29 






7 






121 




farms reporting. . . 
farms reporting. . . 


977 
134 
2,435 
16 
190 
123 
2,245 
56 


Land use practices: 




1,446 
232 

17,058 

32 

1,375 

5 
200 
86 

5,314 

163 


Cropland used for erain or row crops 




16,364 
10 


Land in strip-cropping systems for 


.... faims reporting. . . 


2,050 

10 

2,905 

6 


FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 




205 
340 






5 






37 




63 




number... 


77 


55 to 64 years 


number... 


116 
42 






51.3 


OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INC 

Farm operators- 


DME 

ooerators reporting. . . 
operators reporting. . . 
operator- reporting. . . 
operators reporting. . . 
operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 
operators reporting... 
operators reporting. , . 

operators reporting. . . 


95 


With otfier members of family working off farm .... 
With income from sources other than farm 


50 
15 
30 
35 

30 


WiUi other income of family exceeding value of 


50 


Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 


247 


With other members of family working off farm 

With income from sources other than farm operated. 
With other income of family exceeding valuo 

FARMS BY SIZE 


65 
106 

25 
20 




number... 


95 
25 




number... 


20 




45 


140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres , 




40 
15 




36 




37 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 or more acres 




7 
2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only n sample, of farms. See lent] 



71 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Poultry farms 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



FXRMS, ACREAfiE, ANT) VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms seres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si He of farm .acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farm* reporting 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 199 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1.0D0 or more acres farms reporting 

Cronland used only for pasture farms reporting 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Woodland pastured ■ farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 
fanned on the contour farms reporting 

Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number . 

45 to 54 years number . 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operat9d and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural oroducts sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated. . .operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres f number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



31,029 

1.1 

238.7 



2,142 

13.4 

146,338 



5,070 

31.7 

1,075,410 

36,8 

212.1 



56,008 

309 

11,323 



2,184 

13.7 

470,544 

16.1 

215.5 



249 


2,011 


757 


128 


1,677 


339 


26 


398 


11? 




17 


10 




1 


6 


498 


2,984 


1,128 


4,314 


121,762 


59,772 


421 


1,136 


556 


7,868 


30,684 


21,695 


83 


245 


200 


2,279 


8,850 


7,055 


344 


928 


420 


5,589 


21,834 


14,640 


148 


1,410 


663 


4,001 


37,558 


27,277 


1,202 


3,264 


1,417 


47,483 


136,235 


86,583 


347 


3,305 


1,367 


6,657 


164,690 


86,774 


78 


1,573 


554 


1,406 


66,910 


30,454 



26,758 
169 

6,710 



1,630 

54 

2,179 



17,885 

106 
3,805 



7,595 

35 

1,155 



72 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and e 



Total all farms 



Cash-grain farms 



Tobacco farms 



Vegetable farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

Cash tenants number. . 

Share-cash tenants number.. 

Crop-share tenants number.. 

Livestock-share tenants number.. 

Croppers number. . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number.. 

Croppers number.. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number.. 

Croppers number. . 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number.. 

. Class I number.. 

ClassH number.. 

Class in number.. 

Class IV number.. 

ClassV number.. 

Class VI number.. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporting . . 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 u-actors farms reporting. . 

5 or more u-actors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Crawler u-actorB fBrms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tiactors farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telenhone farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated .operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



16,860 
4,056 
3,350 



15,889 
3,686 
3,240 



5,661 
5,934 
5,483 
5,717 
6,497 
6,599 
2,430 
2,636 
15,528 
21,215 

20,823 
42,942 
19,917 
37,291 
9,769 
6,054 
2,570 
898 
626 



842 
943 
5,263 
5,651 
21,539 
28,369 
23,498 
20,111 
15,652 
5,697 
5,599 

331 



17,041 
3,133 
4,558 
2,874 
1,684 
1,132 
475 



31 



6,570 
13,821 
4,925 
9,403 



21,949 
1,303 
1,856 



9,263 
3,281 
3,135 



9,002 
3,146 
2,740 



4,064 
3,535 
1,383 



5,293 
5,950 
6,048 
2,365 
2,567 
11,501 
16,613 

14,296 
33,671 
14,006 
29,984 



3,405 
3,687 
14,039 
18,867 
15,245 
13,228 
10,954 
5,411 



11,132 
2,103 
2,553 
1,624 



5,953 
12,750 
4,673 
8,857 



13,996 

889 

1,094 



1,635 
4,195 
1,634 
3,8 



299 

307 
1,506 
1,864 
1,655 
1,438 
1,172 
254 
233 



2,430 
4,724 
2,405 
4,517 
1,096 
862 
260 



167 

207 

2,334 

3,374 

2,490 

1,697 

1,433 

20 

10 



MARYLAND 



73 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

|Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See lexlj 



FARMS BY COLOR AMD TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full ovners number . . 

Part owners number. , 

All tenant s numOer . , 

Cash tenants number . , 

Share-cash tenants number., 

Crop-share tenants number.. 

Livestock- share tenants number. . 

Croppers number. . 

Other and unspecified tenant.s number.. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. , 

Part owners Dumber. , 

All tenants number. , 

Croppers number.. 

Nonwhito farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number., 

Croppers number . . 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commerci a] farms „ number . . 

Class 1 „ number.. 

Class tl number. . 

Class III number . . 

Class IV number.. 

Class V number.. 

Class VI namber.. 

SPF.CIFIED EQUIPMENT ANT) FAClLrnES 4KB KIND OF POAO 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

Tractors other Lhan garden farms reporting. . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or, more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporti ng . . 

number.. 
Crawler tractors Jarms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Automobiles rams reporting.. 

number.. 

Aotomobiles and-' or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farrrs reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms repnrtrns. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting - ■ 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. , 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting . . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporti ng . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road /arms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface mad farms reporting.. 

1 mile farms reporting,. 

2 or 3 miles farrrs reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated .operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 



357 

362 

1,835 

2,161 

1,991 

1,845 

1,339 

73 

63 



2,689 
1,136 
1,216 



2,679 
1,136 
1,211 



344 


2,069 


362 


2,126 


426 


2,080 


447 


2,114 


174 


3,513 


174 


3,552 


42 


1,667 


52 


1,803 


1,249 


4,184 


1,570 


5,517 


1,363 


4,980 


2,263 


13,007 


1,239 


4,960 


1,901 


11,432 


786 


1,102 


331 


2,115 


78 


1,177 


17 


377 


27 


189 


1,239 


4,925 


1,885 


11,229 



1,529 
1,575 
4,621 
6,383 
4,969 
4,623 
4,116 
4,744 
4,757 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



569 

588 

1,920 

2,695 

2,123 

1,882 

1,527 

124 

129 



General farms 



74 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Data are based on reports For only a sample of farms. See text] 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Tobacco farms 



Other field-crop 



Vegetable farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Corn farms reporting . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to S899 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,00D to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

SLO0O to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 fanns reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms renorting. . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire fa™s renorting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting . . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $4 99 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 

See footnotes at end of table. 



19,421 

1,104,895 

249,807 

19,379 

244,447 

439 

5,360 



5,474 

163,664 

5,442 

34,220 



2,110 
50,486 

2,100 
10,016 



14,625 
430,507 
14,573 
84,540 



7,033 

141,356 

7,002 

26,404 



12,201 
316,194 
12,154 
86,846 



8,044 
235,949 
250,972 



24,952 

19,535 

62,088,674 

2,929 

8,225 

2,420 

3,146 

2,815 

12,670 

24,066,741 

8,781 

1,670 

1,054 

694 

471 

12,204 

3,233,937 

6,906 

4,903 

395 

13,794 

26,921,164 

4,091 

2,471 

1,548 

2,878 

1,626 

776 

264 



13,530 

4,644,959 

6,019 

5,869 



24,276 

10,687,538 

7,996 

9,233 



13,920 

1,033,650 

233,383 

13,898 

228,137 

389 

5,246 



4,530 

151,779 

4,498 

31,794 



11,274 
402,704 
11,242 
78,944 



6,163 

134,280 

6,137 

25,025 



2,477 

554 

2,267 



9,226 

294,684 

9,184 

80,847 

84 

2,469 

6,598 

217,139 



15,979 

13,123 

59,258,746 

1,214 

4,035 

2,050 

3,036 

2,788 

9,189 

23,243,857 

5,495 

1,498 

1,039 

686 

471 



4,421 

394 

11,322 

25,219,664 

2,491 

1,971 

1,383 

2,728 

1,596 

770 

253 



9,904 

4,375,171 

3,053 

5,278 

913 

660 

15,778 
9,822,833 
2,095 
6,883 
3,863 
2,875 
62 



1,707 
240,349 
48,313 
1,706 
47,293 
151 
1,020 



1,569 

115,854 

1,563 

24,446 



1,164 
81,295 

1,158 
14,772 



1,740 

993 

871,563 



992 


1,158 


396,711 


183,707 


363 


851 


542 


296 


87 


11 


1,067 


1,990 


1,455,713 


2,035,044 



2,670 
79,554 
26,860 



1,735 
28,323 
1,735 
5,915 



2,540 
36,574 

2,540 
17,723 



2,750 

1,51B 

452,560 



8,659 

93 

4,770 



MARYLAND 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



75 



| Data ve based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and oxplai 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. , 

acres on which used., 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

Hay and cropland DasUiro farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materi al s farms reporting . . 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Corn farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

Dry materials • farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

All other crops farms reporting . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. , 

$100 to 3899 farms reporting., 

51,000 to $1,999 farms reporting., 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms retorting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting, . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms renortmg. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to 54,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to *9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms reoorti ng . . 

Seeds, bul bs, pi ants, and trees farms report i ng . . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms renorting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $4 99 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 rarms reporting . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



cial farms by type of farm— Continued 



Poultry farms 



1,038 
42,023 
9,480 
1,083 
9,427 
38 
53 



Livestock farms 
other' than poultry 
and dairy farms 



4,917 
397,770 
76,180 
4,907 
74,798 
134 
1,382 



2,786 
96,715 

2,756 
19,732 



1,222 
31,605 
1,212 
6,068 



4,417 

148,771 

4,397 

26,084 



2,892 
60,122 

2,877 
11,009 



440 


2,691 


10,290 


60,417 


430 


2,676 


2,721 


11,792 


10 


37 


11 


125 


348 


2,911 


6,384 


92,696 


5,669 


112,501 


2,142 


5,070 


2,127 


5,050 


35,218,146 


16,330,896 


5 


60 


100 


916 


65 


1,201 


415 


1,91A 


1,542 


959 


2,012 


3,152 


8,994,414 


4,566,610 


530 


1,995 



3,623 

1,250,981 

1,338 

2,120 



2,076 


5,060 


3,509 


3,778,966 


581 


160 


895 


1,801 


310 


1,925 


287 


1,163 



1,795 

122,499 

24,055 

1,795 

23,750 

19 

305 



1,454 
44,680 
1,453 
8,567 



1,020 
22,686 
1,015 
4,406 



2,184 

2,088 

3,630,025 



General farms 



76 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS ANDFARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

| Data are baaed on reports For only a sample of farms. See textj 

Commercial fanns by type of farm 



(For definitions and explai 



Total all farms 



Cash-grain fanns 



Tobacco fanns 



Vegetable farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars... 

average per farm, dollars .. . 
All crops sold dollars... 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold ... .dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars... 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars. .. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting . . . 

number... 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . . 

Milk cows farms reporting... 

number... 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting... 

number... 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Oatlie and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. . . 

2 to 4 heed farms reporting... 

5 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . . 

10D to 499 head farms reporting... 

500 or more head farms reporting. . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting... 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting... 

30 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 74 head farms reporting... 

75 to 99 bead farms reporting... 

100 or more head farms reporting... 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting... 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting... 

50 to 74 head farms reporting... 

75 to 99 bead farms reporting... 

100 or more head farms reporting... 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . . 

number 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting... 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting... 

number... 
Bom before June 1 farms reporting... 

number 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting... 

number... 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting... 

number 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting... 

number.. . 

Ewes fanns reporting... 

number... 
Rams and wethers farms reporting... 

Chickens 4 months old and over 'arms reporting. . . 

number... 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. .. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting... 

number... 
dollars... 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting... 

dollars... 
Chickens including broilers sold farms renorting... 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 



233,353,763 
9,294 
77,239,824 
51,430,751 
10,419,974 
4,373,523 
11,015,576 

156,113,939 
56,415,626 
63,625,107 

36,073,206 



15,853 
482,478 

13,942 
248,526 

11,323 
199,455 

12,388 
151,859 

11,217 

82,093 



952 
2,473 
2,519 
2,379 
4,424 
2,357 

731 
18 



dollar 



2,219 
4,811 
2,002 



2,203 

3,738 

1,235 

1,476 

1,748 

610 

160 

103 

5,604 
16,110 
11,289 
221,343 
6,758 
135,280 
9,451 
86,063 



913 
8,197 
1,323 

33,232 
1,303 

30,892 
1,057 
2,340 



13,588 

237,494 

27,068,383 

6,698 

222,466 

7,113,912 

1,101 

30,448 

426,272 

6,980 

1,423,492,717 

63,625,107 

6,776 

47,625,396 

7,478 

19,526,347 

7,224,751 



224,435,215 
U,046 
72,903,046 
48,113,044 
9,977,977 
4,184,028 
10,627,997 
151,532,169 
55,480,290 
62,875,450 

33,176,429 



11,096 
442,625 

10,210 

233,362 

8,662 

191,988 

9,066 

137,244 

8,415 

72,019 



2,626 
1,732 
1,852 
1,965 



1,073 

2,258 

1,250 

1,476 

1,736 

610 

159 

100 

3,538 
10,971 
7,523 
185,954 
4,762 
116,453 
6,416 
69,501 

907 

30,767 

577 

5,686 



10,116 

221,626 

25,308,518 

4,807 

193,791 

6,201,312 

725 



6,224 

1,403,126,044 

62,875,450 

5,311 

47,451,866 

5,068 

17,589,082 

6,507,962 



17,581,200 

10,104 

15,004,969 

13,518,629 

955,248 

33,008 

498,084 

2,576,231 

306,668 

1,161/ 

1,107,855 



748 
14,016 

606 
6,737 

475 
5,145 

550 
4,957 

468 



3,316 

89 

3,190 



18,314,408 

6,660 

16,979,522 

16,846,191 

34,550 

3,601 

95,130 

1,334,886 

1B1,821 

42,097 

1,110,' 



1,478 
16,804 
1,383 
8,147 
1,019 
2,754 
923 
4,363 



1,330 
1,594 
16,701 
750 
8,864 
1,412 
7,837 



1,003 
6,356 

735,101 



2,589,466 

26,423 

2,509,500 

1,949,474 

546,410 

6,116 

7,500 

79,966 

7,101 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 77 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lext j 



cial farms by type of farm— Continued 



Poultry farms 



■ Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars . 

average per rami, dollars. 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruita and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Cattle and calves farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

number. 
Milk cows fupnv reporting. 

number.. 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. , 

number . , 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head , farms reporting.. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reoorting.. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 15 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reoorti ng . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

% to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Hwses and/01 mules farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number... 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars... 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars... 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number.. 

dollars... 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting... 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. ., 

dollars... 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. ., 



3,986,121 
30,662 

3,816,823 
50,985 
137,675 

3,597,700 
30,463 
169,298 
17,711 
87,644 

63,943 



56,481,281 

26,368 

3,181,599 

2,502,571 

442,520 

49,203 

187,305 

53,299,682 

51,743,284 

542,285 

1,014,113 



7,386 

498 

4,204 



12,516,191 

542,285 

2,102 

46,344,474 



76,536,4