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Full text of "U.S. census of agriculture: 1959. Final report"

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UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 



AGRICULTURE 



99,378 



1959 



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ew 



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COUNTIES 



/ U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



U.S. CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 

Final Report — Vol. I — Part 7 — Counties 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS 
LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS 
CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES 



New York 



COUNTIES 



lioston Public Library 
Superintendent ot Documents 

AUG 3 1 1961 



DEPOSITORY 



Prepared under the supervision of 
RAY HURLEY, Chief 
Agriculture Division 




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
Luther H. Hodges, Secretary 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

Richard M. Scammon, Director (From May 1, 1961) 
Robert W. Burgess, Director (To March 3, 1961 ) 






BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

RICHARD M. SCAMMON. Director 

A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Lowell T. Galt, Special Assistant 

Herman P. Miller, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician 

Joseph F. Daly, Chief Mathematical Statistician 
Charles B. Lawrence, Jr., Assistant Director for Operations 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief International Statistical Programs Office 
A. W. von Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division — 

Ray Hurley, Chief 

Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief 

Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief 

Field Division — 

Jefferson D. McPike, Chief 

Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — 

C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Henry A. Bloom, Assistant Chief 
Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 
Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 
Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief 
Construction Statistics Division — Samuel J. Dennis, Chief 
Decennial Operations Division — Glen S. Taylor, Chief 
Demographic Surveys Division — Robert B. Pearl, Chief 
Economic Operations Division — Marion D. Bingham, Chief 
Electronic Systems Division — Robert F. Drury, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — William T. Fay, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Housing Division — Wayne F. DaugherTy, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Personnel Division — James P. Taff, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 
Statistical Methods Division — Joseph Steinberg, Chief 
Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 
Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 
Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC59-1 and AC59-2, 
Preliminary Reports 

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: A60-9482 



SUGGESTED CITATION 

U.S. Bureau of the Census. U.S. Census of Agriculture: 19V Vol. I, 
Counties, Part 7 New York 

U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1961 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. Price $1.50 



PREFACE 



Volume I, Counties, is one of the five principal reports presenting the results of the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 54 parts, presents the compilation of the infor- 
mation given by farm operators to census enumerators in 1959. 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress of 
August 31, 1954 (amended August 1957), which codified Title 13, United States Code. 

The collection of the data was carried out by census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Bureau of the Census and working under the direction 
of Robert B. Voight, then Chief, Field Division. Paul R. Squires, then Special Assistant to 
the Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief, and Orvin L. Wilhite, Assistant Chief. They 
were assisted by M. Vincent Lindquist, Thomas Jabine, Robert S. McCauley, John C. 
Mackey, Robert Standley, Hilton E. Robison, Helen E, Teir, Carl R. Nyman, Kenneth 
R. Norell, Gladys L. Eagle, Henry L. DeGraff, Charles H. Boehne, Joseph A. Correll, 
Margaret G. Wood, Evelyn K. Jett, Simon Yablon, Emma B. Gass, Charlotte J. Messinese, 
Bennie L. Sharp, Isaac E. Lemon, James M. Lindsey, Samuel S. Murray, William F. 
Kauffman, Hector Vila, Harry P. Owings, Charles A. Nicholls, Henry A. Tucker, Robert 
S. Boyle, Helen M. Davenport, Albert W. Graybill, Lois G. Miller, Thomas D. Monroe, 
Gerald P. Owens, Bernard L. Ross, Marvin M. Thompson, Helen D. Turner, Kurt W. 
Luethy, Arnold L. Bollenbacher, George W. Coffman, Joseph A. Horak, Samuel J. Hundley, 
Donald K. Larson, Chester G. Lykins, Wilmer R. Maxham, Virgil L. McClain, Jr., Darrell 
D. Prochaska, Robert J. Rades, Hubert E. Sites, Duane E. Traylor, Donald H. von Steen, 
Elmer 0. Rea, Frances G. Compton, Lillian W. Bentel, and Neil V. Perkins. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of personnel by the 
United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumeration, and the com- 
pilation of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. 

June 1961 

in 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 
FINAL REPORTS 

Volume I — Counties — A separate part for each State. Statistics on number of farms; farm characteristics; acreage in farms; cropland 
and other uses of land; land-use practices; irrigation; farm facilities and equipment; farm labor; farm expenditures; use of commercial 
fertilizer; number and kind of livestock; acres and production of crops; value of farm products; characteristics of commercial farms, farms 
classified by tenure, by size, type, and economic class; and comparative data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Volume I is published in 54 parts as follows: 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 




New England States: 




West North Central — Continued 




Mountain: 


1 


Maine. 


19 


South Dakota. 


38 


Montana. 


2 


New Hampshire. 


20 


Nebraska. 


39 


Idaho. 


3 


Vermont. 


21 


Kansas. 


40 


Wyoming. 


4 


Massachusetts. 




South Atlantic: 


41 


Colorado. 


5 


Rhode Island. 


22 


Delaware. 


42 


New Mexico. 


6 


Connecticut. 


23 


Maryland. 


43 


Arizona. 




Middle Atlantic States: 


24 


Virginia. 


44 


Utah. 


7 


New York. 


25 


West Virginia. 


45 


Nevada. 


8 


New Jersey. 


26 


North Carolina. 




Pacific: 


9 


Pennsylvania. 


27 


South Carolina. 


46 


Washington. 




East North Central: 


28 


Georgia. 


47 


Oregon. 


10 


Ohio. 


29 


Florida. 


48 


California. 


11 


Indiana. 




East South Central: 


49 


Alaska. 


12 


Illinois. 


30 


Kentucky. 


50 


Hawaii 


13 


Michigan. 


31 


Tennessee. 




Other Areas: 


14 


Wisconsin. 


32 


Alabama. 


51 


American Samoa. 




West North Central: 


33 


Mississippi. 


52 


Guam. 


15 


Minnesota. 




West South Central: 


53 


Puerto Rico. 


16 


Iowa. 


34 


Arkansas. 


54 


Virgin Islands. 


17 


Missouri. 


35 


Louisiana. 






18 


North Dakota. 


36 
37 


Oklahoma. 
Texas. 







Volume II — General Report. — Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. Summary data and analyses of the 
data by States, for geographic divisions, and for the United States, by subjects, as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest Prod- 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




ucts. 


IV 


Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume III — Irrigation of Agricultural Lands. Western States 
(Dry Areas) — Data by States for drainage basins and a summary 
for the area, including number and types of irrigation organiza- 
tions, source of water, expenditures for works and equipment since 
1950, water used and acres served for irrigation purposes. 

Volume IV — Drainage of Agricultural Lands. Data by States on 
land in drainage organizations, number and types of organizations, 
cost of drainage and drainage works. 



Volume V — Special Reports, Part 1. — Horticultural Specialties. 

Statistics by States and a summary for the United States present- 
ing number and kinds of operations; gross receipts and/or gross 
sales; sales of nursery products, flower seed, vegetables grown 
under glass, and propagated mushrooms; number of container- 
grown plants; inventory products; sales of bulb crops; employ- 
ment; structures and equipment. 

Titles of additional parts of this volume are not available as 
this report goes to press. 



IV 



NEW YORK 



CONTENTS 

INTRODUCTION 



THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Page 

History of the Census DC 

Legal basis for the Census IX 

Pretest of the 1959 Census IX 

Training program for personnel for enumeration IX 

Enumeration period DC 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization DC 

The agriculture questionnaire DC 

Agricultural operations X 

Enumeration assignments and enumeration districts X 

Enumerator's record book XI 

Enumeration maps XI 

Lists of special and large farms XI 

Landlord- tenant questionnaire XI 

Township sketch map XI 

Field review of enumerator ' s work XII 

SAMPLING 

Use of sampling XII 

Description of the sample XII 

Adjustment of the sample XII 

Estimation of totals for the sample XII 

Presentation of sample data XII 

Reliability of estimates XII 

Differences in data resulting from differences in 

tabulating procedures XIII 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of enumeration XIII 

Editing of questionnaires XIII 

Coding of questionnaires XIII 

Tabulation of data XIII 

PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical content of this report XIV 

Comparability of data XIV 

Minor civil divisions XIV 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive summary and references XIV 

General Farm Information 

Census definition of a farm XIV 

Farm operator XV 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XV 

Land area XV 

Land in farms XV 

Land in farms according to use XVI 

Value of land and buildings XVII 

Age of operator XVII 

Residence of operator XVII 

Year began operating present farm XVII 

Of f -farm work and other income XVII 

Equipment and facilities XVII 

Farms by kind of road XVIII 

Farm labor XVIII 

Fertilizer and lime XVIII 

Specified farm expenditures XDC 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Crops 

Page 

Crops harvested XDC 

Corn XDC 

Annual legumes XX 

Hay crops XX 

Field seed crops XX 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XX 

Berries and other small fruits XX 

Tree fruits , nuts , and grapes XX 

Nursery and greenhouse products XXI 

Forest products XXI 

Value of crops harvested XXI 

Value of crops sold XXI 

Irrigation 

Definition of irrigated land XXI 

Enumeration of irrigated land XXI 

Irrigated farms XXI 

Land in irrigated farms XXI 

Land irrigated XXI 

Farms irrigated by number of acres irrigated XXI 

Land irrigated by source of water XXI 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary information XXII 

Cropland in cover crops XXII 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the 

contour XXII 

Land in strip-cropping systems for soil-erosion control... XXII 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land XXII 



Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories XXII 

Milk cows, cows milked, milk produced, and butter XXII 

Whole milk and cream sold XXII 

Sows and gilts farrowing XXII 

Sheep, lambs , and wool XXII 

Goats and mohair XXII 

Bees and honey XXII 

Value of livestock on farms XXII 

Sales of live animals XXII 

Sales of poultry and poultry products XXIII 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of classification XXIII 

Farms by size XXIII 

Farms by color of operator XXIII 

Farms by tenure of operator XXIII 

Farms by economic class XXIII 

Farms by type XXIV 

Value of farm products sold XXV 



(V) 



VI CONTENTS 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— Page 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 3 

2 Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 4 

3.— Farms and farm acreage, by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 6 

4 Farm operators by color, age, residence, and off -farm work; and equipment and 

facilities on farms : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 7 

5 Specified farm expenditures and farm labor: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 8 

6. — Livestock and poultry on farms, number and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 9 

7 Livestock and livestock and poultry products sold: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 10 

8. — Farms reporting, acreage, quantity harvested, and sales of crops: Censuses of 1920 to 1959 11 

9. — Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products : Censuses of 1920 to 1959 18 

10. — Characteristics of places not counted as farms because of change in definition of farm: 1959 19 

11. —Date of enumeration: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 19 

12. — Farms reporting classified by number of livestock on farms and by quantity of livestock 

and livestock and poultry products sold : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 20 

13.— Farms reporting classified by acres harvested, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for 

selected crops : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 21 

14 Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by economic class of farm, Census of 1959 26 

15.— Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by type of farm, Census of 1959 28 

16.— Hired farm labor and wage rates, Censuses of 1959 and 1954; and by size of farm, Census of 1959 30 

17 Farms and farm characteristics by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 32 

18 Farms and farm characteristics of commercial farms by type of farm 

by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 44 

19. — Farms and farm characteristics by type of farm: Census of 1959 92 

20. — Farms and farm characteristics by size of farm: Census of 1959 104 

21. — Farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator: Census of 1959 116 

22 Cash rent paid by cash tenants and share-cash tenants by economic class of farm: Census of 1959 126 

23.— Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county and State by number of farms reporting, by levels 126 

24 Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county and State totals for specified items 127 

Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table— 

1 Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 130 

2 Number of farms, land in farms, and cropland harvested, by size of farm: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 136 

3 . — Farms and farm acreage by tenure of operator : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 142 

4 Characteristics of commercial farms, Census of 1959 146 

5. — Farms reporting by off -farm work; and farms by tenure of operator, type of farm, economic class of farm, 

and value of farm products sold , by source : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 152 

6 Equipment and facilities on farms and farm labor: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 158 

7. — Use of fertilizer and lime on farms and farm expenditures: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 164 

8. — Livestock and poultry on farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 170 

9 Livestock and livestock products sold from farms and litters farrowed: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 176 

10 Dairy nroducts and poultry and poultry products sold from farms : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 182 

11. — Farms reporting acreage and quantity of crops harvested : Censuses of 1959 and 1954 186 

12. — Nursery and greenhouse products and forest products cut on farms: Censuses of 1959 and 1954 216 

APPENDIX 

The 1959 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire 224 

Enumerator ' s Record Book 228 

Index to tables 230 



INTRODUCTION 

(VII) 







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INTRODUCTION 

THE 1959 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



History of the Census. — The 1959 Census is the 17th nationwide 
agricultural census. The first agricultural census was taken in 
1840, at the same time as the Sixth Decennial Census of Popu- 
lation. From 1S50 to 1920, an agricultural census was taken 
every 10 years. With increased application of scientific findings 
and the growing use of mechanization in agriculture, farming 
practices were changing so rapidly that facts collected at 10-year 
: ntervals were no longer adequate. Aware of the need for more 
accurate and timely information, the Congress in 1909 (36 stat. 
10, sec. 31, provided for a census to be taken in 1915 and every 
10 years thereafter which was to be in addition to the census of 
agriculture to be taken at the time of the decennial census of 
population. The 1915 census was not taken, however, because 
of the abnormal conditions created by World War I. Beginning 
with 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken every 
5 years. 

Legal Basis for the Census. — The 1959 Census of Agriculture 
was authorized by an Act of Congress, as were all prior censuses 
of agriculture. "Title 13, United States Code-Census," codified in 
August 1954, and amended in August 1957 and September 1960, 
is now the legal basis for censuses of agriculture and other cen- 
suses, and surveys conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Sec- 
tion 142, paragraph (a), of Title 13 makes provision for the 
Census of Agriculture. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall, beginning in the month of October 
1959, and in the same month of every fifth year thereafter, take 
a census of agriculture, provided that the censuses directed to 
be taken in October 1959 and each tenth year thereafter, may, 
when and where deemed advisable by the Secretary, be taken 
instead in conjunction with the censuses provided in section 
141 of this title." (Section 141 relates to the decennial cen- 
suses of population, unemployment, and housing to be taken 
as of the first day of April of each decennial year.) Under 
authority granted by Section 4 of Title 13, the Secretary of 
Commerce delegated "the functions and duties imposed upon 
him by this title" to the Director of the Bureau of the Census. 

Pretest of the 1959 Census. — A "pretest" of the field procedures 
of the 1959 Census of Agriculture was conducted in 17 counties 
of the United States during the fall of 1958. The purpose of the 
pretest was to provide the Bureau with a measure of the effective- 
ness of the questions and procedures planned for the 1959 
nationwide census. Three versions of the agriculture question- 
naire — the first one for Northern States, the second for Southern 
States, and the third for Western States — were used in the pre- 
test Each version contained questions appropriate to the type 
of agriculture in the part of the country where it was used. All 
major aspects of field forms and procedures, from the hiring and 
training of crew leaders and enumerators to actual interviews 
with farm operators, were given a "trial run" in each of the 17 
counties. Preliminary versions of reporting forms, maps, pay- 
roll records, training guides, and instruction manuals were sub- 
jected to actual use under conditions simulating those expected 
in the nationwide enumeration conducted in the fall of 1959. 

In making final preparations for the 1959 census, the staff of 
the Bureau drew heavily on the results of the pretest, as well as 
on experience gained from previous censuses. 

Training Program for Personnel for Enumeration. — Every per- 
son hired to do work in connection with the 1959 Census of Agri- 
culture received specialized training for his job. Staff mem- 

563128—60 



bers of the Washington and Regional Offices of the Bureau and 
of the U.S. Department of Agriculture trained approximately 110 
agriculture field assistants and 2,100 crew leaders. The crew 
leaders, in turn, trained and supervised approximately 30,000 
enumerators. All training was presented according to procedures 
contained in various guides and manuals prepared by the Bureau. 
The training program included filmstrips, map-reading, practice 
interviewing, and practice filling of questionnaires and other 
census forms. In most instances, training sessions were held 
near the areas in which employees worked and immediately prior 
to the beginning of their assignments. 

Enumeration Period. — The actual enumeration in the conter- 
minous United States (see page XIV) started at dates varying 
from October 7 to November 18, 1959. In general, starting dates 
were based upon regional variations in harvesting seasons and 
on weather conditions. The primary aim was to have the 
enumeration late enough to follow the harvesting of the bulk 
of important crops and early enough to precede the advent of 
winter weather with the attending unfavorable travel conditions. 
The bulk of the enumeration work was completed within three 
to four weeks after the starting date. In Hawaii, the enumera- 
tion was made during the months of December 1959 and January 
1960 ; and in Alaska, during April 1960. 

Enumeration starting dates for the censuses of 1959 and 1954 
are given in State table 11, together with figures showing the 
percentage of farms enumerated in the State during weekly pe- 
riods. The average enumeration date for the 1959 census for 
each county is given in county table 6. 

Data for inventory items — land in farms, machinery and equip- 
ment livestock, and poultry— relate to the situation at the actual 
time of enumeration of each individual farm. Data for acres, 
production, and sales of crops relate generally to the crops har- 
vested during the crop year 1959, regardless of whether and when 
they were sold while data for sales of livestock and livestock 
products relate to the calendar year 1959. Since the enumera- 
tion was made before the end of 1959, special emphasis was 
placed upon the inclusion of estimates for crops yet to be sold 
and for livestock and livestock products expected to be sold in 
the period from the time of enumeration to the end of the cal- 
endar year. Instructions on the questionnaire and the wording 
of questions were designed to assure that full crop-year or 
calendar-year data would be reported. For example, "How much 
of this year's crop was or will be sold?" 

ENUMERATION FORMS AND PROCEDURES 

Authorization. — Section 5 of Title 13 of the United States Code 
authorizes the preparation of forms and questionnaires used in 
the census. It reads as follows : 

"The Secretary shall prepare schedules, and shall determine 
the inquiries, and the number, form, and subdivisions thereof, 
for the statistics, surveys, and censuses provided for in this 
title." 

The Agriculture Questionnaire. — The questionnaire for the 1959 
Census of Agriculture was prepared by the staff of the Bureau. 
Selection of the inquiries was based on the results of the 1958 
pretest and experience gained in earlier censuses. Careful con- 
sideration was given to such factors as the current availability 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



of data from other sources, the possibility of obtaining data by 
methods other than a census, the adequacy of the data that might 
be obtained, and the need for and usefulness of the data. Two 
committees gave advice and counsel to the Bureau. One of these, 
a Special Advisory Committee, was composed of members desig- 
nated by the organizations they represented, following an invita- 
tion from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to name a 
representative to serve in an advisory capacity. The Special 
Advisory Committee for the 1959 Census of Agriculture was 
made up of one representative from each of the following : Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, American Association of Land- 
Grant Colleges and State Universities, American Farm Bureau 
Federation, American Farm Economic Association, American 
Statistical Association, Farm Equipment Institute, National As- 
sociation of Commissioners, Secretaries, and Directors of Agri- 
culture, National Council of Farmer Cooperatives, National 
Farmers' Union, National Grange, Rural Sociological Society, 
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A representative of 
the Bureau of the Budget was in attendance at all meetings of 
the Advisory Committee. 

Because of the special interest of the U.S. Department of Agri- 
culture in censuses of agriculture, the Director of the Bureau 
of the Census sought the continuous cooperation of that organiza- 
tion in developing plans, questionnaires, and procedures for the 
1959 Census of Agriculture. Working Groups were established 
in the U.S. Department of Agriculture to make recommendations 
for the following general subjects : 

Tenure, Land Values, and Mortgage Debt 

Land Use and Conservation and Production Practices 

Field Crops 

Fruits and Vegetables 

Forest Products 

Livestock, Poultry, and Dairy 

Income and Expenditure (including Contractual Operations) 

Farm Labor 

Equipment and Facilities (including Structures) 

Each Working Group had the responsibility for ascertaining 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture's need for data in the field 
covered by its "terms of reference" and for presenting recom- 
mendations to a small Joint Committee comprising representa- 
tives of both the Bureau of the Census and the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. The Joint Committee received written recom- 
mendations from each Working Group. The Chairman of each 
Group appeared before the Joint Committee as did any member 
of the Working Group who was needed to present supplemental 
information of a specialized nature. 

Prior to the formulation of the questionnaire, State Agricul- 
tural Colleges and other major users of census data were invited 
to suggest inquiries for the enumeration. Each member of the 
Special Advisory Committee had the opportunity and the respon- 
sibility for channeling in suggestions from the organization he 
represented. The number of inquiries submitted from all sources 
greatly exceeded the number that could be included in the census, 
from the point of view of cost, of the respondent's time and 
patience, and of practical value to the majority of users of data. 

The final selection included 316 questions, some of which con- 
sisted of several parts, for the 48 States comprising the con- 
terminous United States. Although each of the 316 questions 
was asked in one or more of the 48 States, considerably less than 
this total was asked in any one State because of the use of "State" 
questionnaires. Moreover, about 50 questions out of the total 
were asked of approximately one-fifth of all farm operators in 
the State. The number of questions ranged from 159 on the 
questionnaire for Maine to 194 on the questionnaire for Cali- 
fornia. In all, 38 versions of the questionnaire — one for each 
State or combination of adjoining States and two for Texas- 



were used for the 1959 census in the conterminous United States 
as compared with 21 versions in 1954 and 41 in 1950. A separate 
version was used in Alaska and another in Hawaii. 

Differences in the questionnaires were designed to account 
for regional and local differences in agriculture. Most, but not 
all, of the differences related to crops. The use of State ques- 
tionnaires made possible the inclusion of separate inquiries for 
all important crops grown within a State and, at the same 
time, a reduction in the total number of inquiries for a State. 
Questions that did not apply, to any considerable degree, to a 
particular State were omitted from the questionnaire used in 
that State. For example, separate questions about citrus fruits 
were omitted from all questionnaires except for the few States 
where citrus fruits are grown. An added advantage of State 
questionnaires was that production and sales data could be asked 
in the unit of measure most commonly used by the farmers in 
each State. Regional variation in the number and type of ques- 
tions is an important provision of the census for obtaining com- 
plete coverage of agricultural operations. 

About 2 weeks before the start of the enumeration, agricul- 
ture questionnaires were mailed to most households in rural 
areas. A letter was attached to each questionnaire asking the 
farm operator to fill the questionnaire and to give it to the enu- 
merator when he called. The purpose of this procedure was 
to save time and money in taking the census and to improve the 
quality of the information given by farm operators. By having 
the questionnaire ahead of time, the farmer could determine what 
information would be required and could check his records in 
advance of the enumerator's visit. It was, however, the respon- 
sibility of the enumerator to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each place which qualified. If the questionnaire had been filled 
out by the farm operator, the enumerator was instructed to 
examine the questionnaire for completeness and accuracy and, 
if need be, to give the farmer such help as might be necessary. 

Agricultural Operations. — The training of enumerators stressed 
the concept that a census of agriculture is a census of agricultural 
operations rather than a census of farms. This concept was in- 
tended to assure a complete agricultural census free of any per- 
sonal judgment by enumerators as to what constitutes a farm. In 
accordance with clearly defined procedures, an enumerator was 
required to obtain an agriculture questionnaire for each person 
who had charge of one or more agricultural operations, whether 
or not he considered himself to be a farm operator. For enu- 
meration purposes, it was considered that there were agricul- 
tural operations on a place if, at any time in 1959 — 

a. Any livestock (hogs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, or mules) 
were kept on the place. 

b. A combined total of 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and ducks 
were kept on the place. 

c. Any grain, hay, tobacco, or other field crops were grown on 
the place. 

d. A combined total of 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and 
nut trees were on the place. 

e. Any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
were grown on the place for sale. 

As a result of the requirement that all places having agri- 
cultural operations be enumerated, more questionnaires were 
obtained than are included in the tabulations for farms. During 
the office processing operations that followed the completion of 
enumeration, criteria were applied to the questionnaires to sort 
out for tabulation those that represented farms according to 
the census definition of a farm (see page XIV). 

Enumeration Assignments and Enumeration Districts. — To as- 
sure a complete enumeration within the time allotted, the United 
States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) was divided into 29,374 
Enumeration Assignments, or EA's. Each EA comprised an 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



area that one enumerator could reasonably be expected to canvass 
within a 3- to 4-week period, as indicated by performance rec- 
ords from the 1054 census. 

Each EA was made up of one or more Enumeration Dis- 
tricts, or "ED's," as the geographic unit for enumeration. Prior 
to the enumeration, the ED's were classified into three groups 
on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the number 
of farms, as indicated by the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the 
1950 Census of Population and Housing, current population esti- 
mates, and highway maps showing culture which were basic 
to establishing the boundaries of each assignment. Through the 
use of different canvassing procedures for each group of ED's, 
the Bureau was able to reduce the cost of enumeration without 
running any material risk of missing any farms or other places 
with agricultural operations. The ED groupings and canvassing 
procedures are described below. 

Group I Enumeration Districts. — In general, ED's with no 
well-defined cluster of dwellings were considered to be open- 
country areas and comprise Group I. For each ED of Group 
I, in his Enumeration Assignment, the enumerator was required 
to list in his Record Book the name of every head of household 
living in the ED and also the name of every person not living 
in the ED who had agricultural operations there. There were 
approximately 20,751 ED's in Group I for the 1959 Census. 

Group II Enumeration Districts. — Rural ED's in which the 
number of dwellings was large in relation to the number of 
farms were considered to be in Group II. For each ED, in 
Group II, the enumerator was required to list the head of the 
household for all dwellings in the ED except for those on less 
than one acre of ground in built-up residential areas of 50 or 
more dwellings. He was also required to determine, by obser- 
vation or local inquiry, whether there were any farms or other 
places with agricultural operations in the built-up areas and, 
if so, to obtain an agriculture questionnaire. There were 
approximately 7,979 ED's in Group II. 

Group III Enumeration Districts. — Most incorporated places 
and unincorporated villages having approximately 150 or more 
dwellings were designated as separate ED's and are classified 
as Group III. Also, most ED's in counties around large metro- 
politan areas were designated as Group III Ed's. Prior to 
the 1959 Census of Agriculture, places enumerated in these 
areas during the 1954 Census of Agriculture were listed in 
the Enumerator's Record Book. The enumerator was required 
to visit and enumerate or otherwise account for each place listed 
in his Record Book. In addition, he was instructed to ask at 
each of these places if there were any farms or other places with 
agricultural operations in the Enumeration District, and, if so, 
to add them to his list and enumerate them. There were ap- 
proximately 15,836 Group III ED's in 1959. According to the 
1954 Census, these ED's contained 380,575 farms. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised incorporated 
places or that were within an incorporated city were classified 
as Group I or Group II because they had a large number of farms. 
A few others, comprising extensive rural districts requiring con- 
siderable travel, were classified as Group III because they had 
only a small number of farms. 

Enumerator's Record Book. — Each enumerator received one or 
more Record Books containing a listing form for use during 
canvassing. (See appendix for facsimile of one page of list- 
ing form included in Enumerator's Record Book.) The lines 
on the listing form were numbered in consecutive order. Ex- 
cept as otherwise prescribed for Group II and Group III ED's, 
the enumerator listed in his Record Book the name of each head 
of household living in his assigned area and also the name 
of each person not living in his area who had agricultural opera- 
tions there. As he made his listing, he also asked the questions 
about agricultural operations that were printed on the listing 
form. Answers to these questions determined, for the enumerator, 
whether or not an agriculture questionnaire was required for the 
person listed and, if so, ■whether he or some other enumerator 
was responsible for getting it. Thus, the Record Book served 
as an important aid to the enumerator in securing complete cov- 
erage of all agricultural operations within his area. At the same 



time, it helped to prevent enumeration of the same place by two 
or more enumerators. 

Enumeration Maps. — As a second aid to getting complete cover- 
age, each enumerator received a map or, in a few exceptional 
cases, a brief written description of the area assigned to him 
for enumeration. He was required to plan and follow an orderly 
route of enumeration within the boundaries of his assigned area 
in accordance with established canvassing procedures. As the 
enumerator listed a place in his Record Book, he indicated its 
location by copying onto his map the number of the line on which 
he listed it. This numbering system indicated the enumerator's 
route of travel, and helped both the enumerator and his crew 
leader to determine the extent of coverage of the enumerator's 
assignment at any given time. 

Lists of Special and Large Farms. — Prior to the enumeration, a 
card list of "special and large farms" was prepared on the basis 
of records obtained from the 1954 census and from Federal and 
State agricultural agencies. In general, "special and large farms" 
fell into one of three categories: (1) farms having unusually 
large acreages, livestock inventories, or annual sales as indi- 
cated by available records; (2) farms known to be specializing 
in such operations as broiler production, turkey growing, feed 
lots, nursery or greenhouse production, cranberry bogs, citrus 
groves, etc.; (3) farms that might easily be overlooked because 
they had absentee operators or were not locally thought of as 
farms, such as institutions, Indian reservations, grazing associa- 
tions, etc. 

Enumerators were given the cards for the special and large 
farms within their assignment areas to use as aids to obtaining 
complete coverage. Generally, the cards provided insurance 
against the omission of farming units that could have a signifi- 
cant effect on the totals for a given county or State. The enu- 
merator was instructed to obtain an agriculture questionnaire 
for each special or large farm in his area or to write an explana- 
tion on the card as to why an agriculture questionnaire was not 
required on the basis of 1959 operations. The crew leader had 
a duplicate set of cards for use in checking enumeration coverage. 

Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire. — As in several previous cen- 
suses, a special landlord-tenant questionnaire was used in some 
parts of the South as a supplement to the agriculture question- 
naire. Its purpose was to help the enumerator get complete 
and accurate coverage of individually operated tracts of land 
that were actually part of one operating unit under the control 
of one landlord. To accomplish this purpose, the enumerator was 
required to fill a landlord-tenant questionnaire for each landlord 
who had any land worked on shares. The entries made in this 
questionnaire included the name of each sharecropper, tenant, or 
renter ; the amount of land assigned to each ; and the acreage and 
quantity of crops harvested on shares. By checking these entries 
against the agriculture questionnaires obtained for the individual 
operators, the enumerator and the Central Office could verify that 
each part of the operating unit controlled by the landlord was 
enumerated and that it was enumerated only once. The landlord- 
tenant questionnaire was used in 386 counties in the 1959 census 
as compared with approximately 900 counties in 1954. 

Township Sketch Map. — In some areas of the Great Plains, a 
considerable portion of land is farmed by nonresident operators— 
that is, by persons who do not live on the land they operate or 
who live on it only during part of the year. Enumerators in these 
areas used a special mapping form, the Township Sketch, in 
addition to their enumeration maps as an aid to obtaining com- 
plete coverage. Each township included on the sketch was 
identified by township and range number and was divided into 
144 small squares. In a standard section of 640 acres, each 
square represented a quarter section of land, or 160 acres. As 
the enumerator canvassed his assignment area, he indicated the 
acreage and location of each farm, ranch, and tract of nonfarm 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



land by drawing its boundaries on the sketch. He also used a 
simple numbering system as a cross reference between the agri- 
cultural land identified on the sketch and the questionnaire on 
which it was reported. The Township Sketch was used in all 
counties of North Dakota and South Dakota and in selected 
counties of Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, 
New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. 

Field Review of Enumerator's Work. — In the 1959 census, 
greater emphasis was placed on a detailed review of enumerators' 
work during enumeration than had been the case in previous 
censuses. The objective was to detect and correct enumeration 
errors as early as possible in order to achieve and maintain a 
high quality of individual performance. Starting on .the first day 
of enumeration and continuing throughout the enumeration 
period, each crew leader was instructed to make regular and 
frequent visits to his enumerators. At each visit, he was to 
follow a clearly defined procedure for observing the enumerator's 
conduct of interviews and for checking his listings, maps, ques- 
tionnaires, and other forms for accuracy and completeness. 

As an aid to checking coverage and enumerator efficiency, the 
crew leader was given a list containing estimates, based on the 
1954 census, of the number of questionnaires required in each 
enumeration assignment area within his district, and of the 
mileage and time required to obtain those questionnaires. 

SAMPLING 

Use of Sampling.— In the 1959 census, as in several previous 
censuses, sampling was used in two ways : for enumeration and 
for tabulation. Sampling in enumeration consisted of the col- 
lection of information about the items included in sections IX 
through XV of the questionnaire for only a sample of farms. 
The "sample" items relate to sales of dairy products and sales of 
livestock, use of fertilizer and lime, farm expenditures, land-use 
practices, farm labor, equipment and facilities, rental agreements, 
farm values, and farm mortgage debt. The same sample of farms 
was used for tabulations by type of farm and by economic class 
of farm and for many of those by size of farm and by color and 
tenure of operator. 

Description of the Sample.— The sample used for the 1959 Census 
of Agriculture consisted of all farms with a total area of 1,000 
or more acres or with estimated sales of $100,000 or more in 1959, 
and approximately 20 percent of all other farms. Farms with 
1,000 or more acres were universally included in the sample 
during enumeration. As the enumerator filled the questionnaire, 
he determined the number of "acres in this place" (see question 7 
of the agriculture questionnaire). If the acreage amounted to 
1,000 or more he was required to fill sections IX through XV of 
the questionnaire. Farms with less than 1,000 acres, with esti- 
mated sales of $100,000 or more, were included in the sample 
during the office processing. For these farms the information for 
sections IX through XV was obtained by mail. 

The selection of farms of less than 1,000 acres for inclusion In 
the sample was made during enumeration, according to the fol- 
lowing procedure: As the enumerator determined that he was 
required to obtain a questionnaire, he assigned a number to it, 
whether or not he was able to obtain the questionnaire on his 
first visit. He assigned numbers in consecutive order, beginning 
with "1" for the first questionnaire required in each enumera- 
tion district within his area. He was instructed to fill sections 
IX through XV on all questionnaires for which the assigned 
number ended in "2" or "7" (i.e. 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, etc.). 

Adjustment of the Sample. — An adjustment in the part of the 
sample that was comprised of farms of less than 1,000 acres and 
with estimated sales of less than $100,000 was made by a process 
essentially equivalent to stratifying the farms in the sample by 



size of farm. The purpose of this adjustment was to Improve 
the reliability of the estimates based on the sample and to reduce 
the effects of possible biases introduced by enumerators who de- 
viated from the prescribed procedure for selecting the sample 
farms. The adjustment procedure was carried out for "blocks" 
of counties, each consisting of from one to ten counties in a State. 
To adjust the sample, separate counts were made for each county, 
and for the block of counties of all farms and of farms in the 
sample for each of 10 size-of-farm groups based on the "acres 
in this place" (question 7). The 10 size-of-farm groups were as 
follows : under 10 acres, 10 to 49 acres, 50 to 69 acres, 70 to 99 
acres, 100 to 139 acres, 140 to 179 acres, 180 to 219 acres, 220 
to 259 acres, 260 to 499 acres, and 500 to 999 acres. Farms of less 
than 1,000 acres, but with value of sales of $100,000 or more, 
were excluded from these counts. For each size-of-farm group, 
the number of farms in the sample for the block of counties was 
adjusted to make it equal or approximately equal to the total 
number of farms divided by five. This was accomplished for 
each group by the elimination or duplication on a random basis, 
of farms in those counties where the difference between the 
actual proportion in the sample and the expected 20 percent was 
in the same direction as the difference for the block of counties. 

Estimation of Totals for the Sample. — For the items included 
in the sample part of the questionnaire (sections IX through 
XV), estimated totals for all farms were derived from the tabu- 
lated totals for the farms in the adjusted sample. First, Item-by- 
item totals, as tabulated for that part of the sample comprising 
farms of less than 1,000 acres and with estimated sales of less 
than $100,000, were multiplied by 5. These estimated item-by- 
item totals were then added to the corresponding item totals, as 
tabulated, for all farms of 1,000 acres and over and farms with 
estimated sales of $100,000 and over. The resulting values 
represent the estimated totals for all farms. 

Presentation of Sample Data. — In tables where a small amount 
of data based on the sample farms is presented together with 
data for all farms, the data based on the sample are printed in 
italics. Other tables contain headnotes explaining that most 
of the data are estimates based on reports for only a sample 
of farms. 

Reliability of Estimates.— The estimated totals for all farms of 
the items enumerated for only the sample farms are subject 
to sampling errors. The estimated totals obtained by making 
tabulations for only the farms included In the sample are also 
subject to sampling errors. State tables 23 and 24 contain ap- 
proximate measures of the sampling reliability of the estimates 
for numbers of farms reporting and for item totals. While these 
measures indicate the general level of sampling reliability of the 
estimates, they do not completely reflect errors arising from 
sources other than sampling ; for example, errors in the original 
data reported by farmers. Errors arising from sources other than 
sampling may, in some Instances, be relatively more Important 
than sampling variation, especially for county totals. 

The general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals 
may be determined from the data in State tables 23 and 24. State 
table 24 contains a list of items, together with a figure for each 
item indicating one of the four levels of sampling reliability that 
are presented In State table 23. For each Item the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be de- 
termined from State table 23, in the column for the level of 
sampling reliability designated In State table 24. To determine 
the sampling reliability for any Item, reference must be made to 
State table 24 to find out which of the four levels of sampling 
reliability given in State table 23 should be used, and also the 
appropriate county or State table to obtain the number of farms 
reporting the Item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



As explained in State table 23, the level of sampling reliability 
designated as level 1 should always be used to determine the 
sampling reliability of estimated numbers of farms or of farms 
reporting. 

State table 23 shows percentage limits such that chances are 
about 68 out of 100 that the difference between an estimate based 
on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained from 
a tabulation of all farms would be no more than the percentage 
specified for the estimated number of farms reporting that item. 
The chances are about 99 out of 100 that the difference would be 
less than 2% times the percentage specified. 

As indicated by the percentages in State table 23, the smaller 
the number of farms reporting a given item, the larger the relative 
sampling error in the estimated total for that item. Even so, 
considerable detail is presented for each item, by several classifi- 
cations of farms, in order to permit the appraisal of estimates 
for various combinations of items not shown in this report. Per- 
centages and averages that may be derived from the tables will 
generally have greater relative reliability than the corresponding 
estimated totals. However, significant patterns of relationships 
may be observed in the estimated totals even though the indi- 
vidual data are subject to relatively large sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample of farms 
for the 1954 census were obtained in essentially the same way as 
in 1959. Therefore, State tables 23 and 24 may also be used to 
determine the sampling errors for the 1954 data. 

Differences in Data Resulting From Differences in Tabulating 
Procedures. — Many of the figures in the detailed State tables rep- 
resent estimates obtained by tabulating only the sample farms. 
The totals for these detailed distributions will generally differ 
somewhat from totals presented in other tables obtained from 
different distributions which were tabulated on a 100 percent 
basis. Moreover, although most of the figures presented by coun- 
ties were obtained from tabulations of all farms, the data in 
county table 4 for commercial farms, and all of the data in the 
county tables on dairy products and livestock sold, fertilizer and 
lime, farm expenditures, land-use practices, farm labor, facilities 
and equipment, and value of land and buildings were estimated 
for each county on the basis of data tabulated for the farms in 
the sample. The State totals in the county tables for these items, 
though based also on the sample, were obtained in a different 
series of tabulating runs, and so may differ slightly from totals 
presented in some State tables. For reasons of economy the 
sample distributions were not adjusted to the 100 percent totals 
even when such totals were available, nor were slight discrepan- 
cies resulting from different runs of the sample data always rec- 
onciled unless the differences were large enough to affect the 
usefulness or reliability of the data. 

PROCESSING OPERATIONS 

Completion of Enumeration. — As an enumerator completed his 
assignment, he turned the portfolio containing questionnaires and 
other census materials over to his crew leader. After making 
a final review of the enumerator's work, the crew leader mailed 
the portfolio to the Agriculture Processing Office at Parsons, 
Kansas. There, each enumerator portfolio was thoroughly 
checked for completeness of all required forms and for correct 
application of the sampling procedure. 

Editing of Questionnaires. — Each agriculture questionnaire was 
individually edited and coded before the information was trans- 
ferred to punch cards and tabulated. As the first major step in 
the editing process, questionnaires that did not represent farms 
according to the census definition were withdrawn from fur- 



ther processing. (See p. XIV.) As the second major step, the 
remaining questionnaires were examined for errors, omissions, 
and inconsistencies. Among the specific items subjected to con- 
sistency checks were the following : 

a. Total acreage compared with its distribution by use. 

b. Acreage of individual crops harvested compared with total 
cropland harvested. 

c. Irrigated acreage compared with total acres in the farm. 

d. Total acreage of individual crops for all purposes compared 
with the acreage harvested for specific purposes. 

e. Quantity of crops harvested in relation to acreage harvested. 

f. Sales in relation to production and, for livestock, to inven- 
tories. 

g. Total livestock compared with the inventory by age and sex. 
h. Expenditures compared with production and inventories. 

Obvious errors in calculations or in units of measure, and 
misplaced entries were corrected as they were found. Entries 
not clearly legible were rewritten. Many omissions or incon- 
sistencies were disregarded during editing. Those of significant 
magnitude could be and were handled more efficiently and eco- 
nomically during mechanical processing operations. Question- 
naires containing major inconsistencies and omissions were re- 
ferred to members of the technical staff for review. Depending 
on the magnitude of the data involved, the technical staff cor- 
rected (or supervised the correction if ) the questionnaires either 
on the basis of information reported tor other farms of similar 
type in the area or on the basis of additional information re- 
ceived in response to letters directed to the farm operators. 

Coding of Questionnaires. — Most of the numerical information 
on a questionnaire was self-coding in that the inquiry number 
was utilized for the item identification on punch cards or on 
tabulations runs. However, some manual coding was also neces- 
sary for such items as irrigated crops for selected States, crops 
infrequently reported, miscellaneous poultry, etc. Code numbers 
were entered on questionnaires to classify farms and, in some 
cases, to identify data for individual items. All farms were coded 
by size of farm in terms of total acreage, by race, and by tenure 
of operator. Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, and 
Hawaii were also coded on the basis of irrigated cropland and 
irrigated pasture. Additional codes were applied to all farms 
included in the sample to classify them by type of farm and by 
total value of agricultural products sold. Individual items were 
coded only where reports were received for crops or poultry not 
covered by separate inquiries on the questionnaire. This coding 
was necessary to assure inclusion of the data in the appropriate 
farm product totals. 

Tabulation of Data. — After the questionnaires were edited and 
coded, the information on them was punched on cards. The cards 
were then mechanically sorted and fed into machines which 
transferred the data to tabulation sheets. One of the initial 
and primary steps in the machine handling of the punch cards 
was to separate and list those cards which lacked necessary in- 
formation, those which contained inconsistent or impossible data, 
and those on which the data were possible but of such magnitude 
that a further review of the individual questionnaires was war- 
ranted. The listing sheets were examined and, as necessary, the 
cards were corrected. When the cards for a particular county 
were considered satisfactory, the data were tabulated. 

Subject-matter specialists of the Bureau and the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture examined all tabulations for reasonableness 
and consistency. As necessary, they made corrections on the basis 
of a further review and reappraisal of the original reports and 
verification of the editing, coding, and punching. 



XIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



PRESENTATION OF STATISTICS 

Statistical Content of This Report. — This report is part of Vol- 
ume I of the 1959 Census of Agriculture. Volume I consists of 
54 parts, each part containing information about agriculture for 
a single State, Commonwealth, or Possession. Each part con- 
tains county data for that particular State or area. The term 
"county," as used in this report embraces election districts in 
Alaska, parishes in Louisiana, municipios (municipalities) in 
Puerto Rico, etc. The statistics for 1959 were obtained from the 
Census of Agriculture taken in the "conterminous United States" 
(see following paragraph), Hawaii, and Puerto Rico during the 
period October 1959 to January 1960 and in Alaska, American 
Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands as of April 1, 1960. Compara- 
tive data for years prior to 1959 were obtained from earlier 
censuses. 

In the planning of the publications for the 1960 Censuses of 
Population and Housing and the 1959 Census of Agriculture, the 
term "conterminous United States," recommended by the Board 
of Geographic Names to designate the 48-State area as it ex- 
isted before Alaska and Hawaii became States, was adopted by 
the Bureau of the Census. 

The definitions and explanations in this introduction for vol- 
ume I generally have application broad enough to include the 
States of Alaska and Hawaii, and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico and the island possessions. However, specific application 
in many instances may be limited to the conterminous United 
States ; for example, references to earlier censuses, to the sam- 
pling methods and procedures, to specific sections or questions on 
the questionnaires, and to specific table numbers. 

For each part of volume I (one part for each State or area), 
a facsimile of the appropriate questionnaire is reproduced in 
the appendix. 

The statistics for States and counties are presented according 
to the same general plan as was followed in the volume I re- 
ports for the 1954 and the 1950 censuses. State and county totals 
are given for nearly all items for which information was ob- 
tained in the 1959 census. However, most of the data by eco- 
nomic class of farm, type of farm, and color and tenure of farm 
operator are given only for States. 

Comparative data for the States are given for each census 
year beginning with 1920. Comparative data for counties are 
given for the years 1959 and 1954. For some items, the data 
obtained from the 1959 census are the only ones available. For 
comparative purposes 1950 data are carried in county table 6 
for the kind of road on which farms were located. 

Comparability of Data. — The data obtained from the various 
censuses of agriculture are not strictly comparable for all items. 
For example, differences from one census to another in the time 
of enumeration, the wording of the questions, and the definition 
of a farm cause some lack of comparability. Differences con- 
sidered to have a significant effect on the comparability of data 
are described in the text and/or mentioned in footnotes to the 
tables. 

Minor Civil Divisions. — As in prior censuses, data for most of 
the items included in the 1959 Census of Agriculture were tabu- 
lated for minor civil divisions. The term "minor civil division" 
applies to the primary subdivision of a county into smaller geo- 
graphic areas such as townships, precincts, districts, wards, 
beats, municipalities, etc. Figures for these smaller geographic 
areas are not included in any of the published reports, but they 
may be supplied upon request and payment of the costs of com- 
piling and checking the data. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration assignment did not 
include more than one minor civil division, even in cases where 
the township, precinct, etc., did not have enough farms to provide 
a full workload for an enumerator. In 1954, and again in 1959, 



the aim was to make enumeration assignments large enough to 
keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 3- to 4-week 
period. Hence, in some areas, two or more adjoining minor civil 
divisions were combined into one enumeration assignment. An 
enumeration assignment never comprised the whole of one minor 
civil division and a part of another, nor a part of two or more 
minor civil divisions. A minor civil division that included too 
many farms for one enumerator to cover during the enumeration 
period was divided into two or more enumeration assignments. 

In some cases, the minor civil division tabulations provide totals 
for a single minor civil division, even when such totals required 
a grouping of enumeration assignments. In other cases, the minor 
civil division tabulations provide totals for a combination of 
two or more adjoining minor civil divisions. The data for each 
individual minor civil division included in such totals can be tab- 
ulated separately, however, since each questionnaire obtained in 
the census contains the designation of the minor civil division in 
which the farm headquarters was located. An additional charge 
must be made for a separate tabulation of any small area in- 
cluded in a total for two or more combined minor civil divisions. 

Requests for census information for minor civil divisions should 
be directed to the Agriculture Division, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D.C. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Descriptive Summary and References. — The definitions and ex- 
planations that follow relate only to those items that are con- 
sidered to be inadequately described in the tables where they 
appear. Although the descriptive terms and explanations refer 
specifically to the 1959 Census of Agriculture, many of them also 
apply to earlier censuses. Most of the definitions consist of a 
resume of the questionnaire wording, supplemented by excerpts 
from instructions given to enumerators. For exact wording of 
the questions and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, see the facsimile of the 1959 Agriculture Questionnaire in 
the appendix of this report. 

An analysis of the questions asked in the 1959 census, and of 
the data obtained, is given in Volume II, General Report, Statis- 
tics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1959. The 
general report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Census Definition of a Farm. — For the 1959 Census of Agricul- 
ture, the definition of a farm was based primarily on a combina- 
tion of "acres in the place" and the estimated value of agricultural 
products sold. 

The word "place" was defined to include all land on which 
agricultural operations were conducted at any time in 1959 under 
the control or supervision of one person or partnership. (For 
definition of "agricultural operations", see p. X.) Control may 
have been exercised through ownership or management, or 
through a lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

Places of less than 10 acres in 1959 were counted as farms if 
the estimated sales of agricultural products for the year amounted 
to at least $250. Places of 10 or more acres in 1959 were counted 
as farms if the estimated sales of agricultural products for the 
year amounted to at least $50. Places having less than the $50 
or $250 minimum estimated sales in 1959 were also counted as 
farms if they could normally be expected to produce agricultural 
products in sufficient quantity to meet the requirements of the 
definition. This additional qualification resulted in the inclusion 
as farms of some places engaged in farming operations for the 
first time in 1959 and places affected by crop failure or other 
unusual conditions. 

To avoid biases arising from an enumerator's personal judg- 
ment and opinion, the Bureau did not give enumerators the defini- 



INTRODUCTION 



xv 



tion of a farm. Instead, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
questionnaires for all places considered farms by their operators 
and for all other places that had one or more agricultural opera- 
tions. (See "Agricultural Operations", p. X.) In 1954, enumer- 
ators were instructed to till questionnaires on the same basis as 
in 1959. In 1950, agricultural operations were denned to include 
every place of 3 or more acres, whether or not the operator con- 
sidered it a farm, and every place having "specialized operations", 
regardless of the acreage. "Specialized operations" referred to 
nurseries and greenhouses and to places having 100 or more 
poultry, production of 300 or more dozen eggs in 1949, or 3 or 
more hives of bees. In all of the three last censuses, as a result, 
questionnaires were filled for a considerable number of places 
that did not qualify as farms. The determination as to which 
questionnaires represented farms was made during office process- 
ing operations and only those questionnaires meeting the criteria 
for a farm were included in the tabulations. 

For both the 1950 and 1954 Censuses of Agriculture, places of 
3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of 
agricultural products, whether for home use or for sale but ex- 
clusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only if the 
annual sales of agricultural products amounted to $150 or more. 
A few places with very low agricultural production because of 
unusual circumstances, such as crop failure, were also counted as 
farms if they normally could have been expected to meet the 
minimum value or sales criteria. 

In the censuses from 1925 to 1945, enumerators were given a 
definition of "farm" and were instructed to obtain reports only 
for those places which met the criteria. According to this defini- 
tion, farms included all places of 3 or more acres, regardless of 
the quantity or value of agricultural production, and places of 
less than 3 acres if the value of agricultural products, whether 
for home use or for sale, amounted to $250 or more. Because of 
changes in price level, the $250 minimum resulted in the in- 
clusion of varying numbers of farms of less than 3 acres in the 
several censuses taken during this period. Generally, the only 
reports excluded from tabulation were those taken in error and 
those showing very limited agricultural production, such as only 
a small home garden, a few fruit trees, a small flock of chickens, 
etc. In 1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more were tabulated 
only if at least 3 acres were in cropland and/or pasture or if the 
value of products in 1944 amounted to at least $150. 

The decrease in the number of farms in 1950 and 1954, as com- 
pared with earlier censuses, was partly due to the change in 
farm definition, especially with respect to farms of 3 or more 
acres in size. Some of the places of 3 or more acres that were 
not counted as farms in 1950 and 1954 because the value of their 
agricultural production was less than $150 would have qualified 
as farms if the criteria had been the same as in earlier censuses. 

For 1959, the decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with all prior censuses resulted partly from the change in farm 
definition. The fact that sales of agricultural products in 1959 
was used resulted in the exclusion of some places that would 
have qualified as farms had the value of agricultural products 
alone been considered. The increase in the acreage minimum 
also had an effect. The reduction in the number of farms due 
to change in definition, 1954 to 1959, is shown for each county 
in county table 1. Some characteristics of the places not counted 
as farms in 1959, but which would have been included in 1954, 
are shown in State table 10. 

The change in farm definition made in 1950 and again in 1959 
had no appreciable effect on the totals for livestock or crops 
because the places affected by the change ordinarily accounted 
for less than 1 percent of the totals for a given county or State. 

For the States that comprise the conterminous United States, 
two figures are published for each county on the number of farms 



in 1959. One is an actual count of all farms and the other is an 
estimate based on the number of farms included in the sample. 
For almost every county there is a difference between the actual 
number of farms and the estimated number of farms. Because 
of sampling procedure and sampling variability, the number of 
farms in the sample seldom agrees exactly with the actual num- 
ber of farms. For most counties, the actual number of farms 
in the sample was either more or less than precisely 20 percent 
of all farms. Similarly, totals estimated on the basis of data 
for the sample farms may be slightly more or slightly less than 
the actual totals that would have been obtained had the data 
been tabulated for all farms. Therefore, the estimated number 
of farms reporting certain items may, in some instances, be 
greater than the total number of farms shown in county table 1. 
However, the estimated number of farms is given in county 
tables 5 and 6 so that estimates based on the sample farms may 
be related to the estimated rather than the actual number of 
farms. 

Farm Operator. — The term "farm operator" is used to designate 
a person who operates a farm, either doing the work himself or 
directly supervising the work. He may be the owner, a member of 
the owner's household, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land worked on 
shares by others, he is considered as operator only of the land 
which he retains for his own operation. In the case of a partner- 
ship, only one partner is counted as an operator. The number of 
farm operators is considered to be the same as the number of 
farms. 

Farms Reporting or Operators Reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or operators, for which the speci- 
fied item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 farms 
in a county and only 1,465 had chickens 4 months old and over 
on hand at the time of enumeration, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be shown as 1,465. The difference be- 
tween the total number of farms and the number of farms re- 
porting a particular item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided a correct report was received for all 
farms. 

Where applicable, figures may be given for the number of farms 
or operators not reporting items that were intended to be ob- 
tained for all farms; for example, residence of farm operator, 
State table 4. The number not reporting, as compared with the 
total number of farms or operators, indicates the extent of 
incompleteness of the reporting of the data for the item. 

land Area. — The approximate total land area of States and 
counties as reported for 1959 is, in general, the same as that re- 
ported for all censuses beginning with 1940. Such differences as 
are shown reflect political changes in boundaries or actual changes 
in land area caused by changes in the number or size of reser- 
voirs, lakes, streams, etc. For Alaska, the areas for election 
districts represent the gross area of land and water. 

Land in Farms.— Except for managed farms, the land to be in- 
cluded in each farm was determined from the answers to ques- 
tions about the number of acres owned, the number of acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and the number of 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres 
owned and the acres rented from others or worked on shares for 
others were first added together and then the acres rented to 
others or worked on shares by others were subtracted. The re- 
sult represented the number of acres in the farm. The number of 
acres in a managed farm was the difference between the total 
land managed and that part of the managed land that was rented 
to others or worked on shares by others. 

In the 1959, 1954, and 1950 censuses, enumerators were in- 
structed to record total figures for land owned, land rented from 
others, and land managed for others, including any part of the 
land that was rented to others. In censuses prior to 1950, enu- 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



merators were instructed to exclude all land rented to others and 
to record only that portion of the acreage owned, rented from 
others, or managed for others that was retained by the farm op- 
erator. Thus, the figures for the individual tenures of land are 
not entirely comparable for all censuses. However, the land in- 
cluded in each farm was determined on essentially the same basis 
for all censuses. 

The acreage designated in the tables as "land in farms" consists 
primarily of "agricultural" land— that is, land used for crops 
and pasture or grazing. It also includes considerable areas of 
land not actually under cultivation nor used for pasture or graz- 
ing. For example, the entire acreage of woodland and wasteland 
owned or rented by farm operators is included as land in farms, 
unless it was being held for nonagrieultural purposes or unless 
the acreage was unusually large. For 1959 and 1954, if a place 
had 1,000 or more acres of woodland not pastured and wasteland, 
and if less than 10 percent of the total acreage in the place was 
used for agricultural purposes, the acreage of woodland not pas- 
tured and wasteland was reduced to equal the acreage used for 
agriculture. The procedure used in 1950 for excluding unusually 
large acreages of woodland not pastured and wasteland differed 
slightly from the one used in 1959 and 1954. In 1950, adjustments 
were made in places of 1,000 or more acres (5,000 or more in the 
17 Western States ) , if less than 10 percent of the total acreage was 
used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under government 
permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms 
provided the place of which it was a part was a farm. Grazing 
land operated by Grazing Associations was to be reported in the 
name of the person chiefly responsible for conducting the business 
of the Association. Land used rent free was to be reported as 
land rented from others. All land in Indian reservations that 
was used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be in- 
cluded. Land in Indian reservations that was not reported by 
individual Indians and that was not rented to non-Indians was 
to be reported in the name of the cooperative group that used the 
land. In some instances, an entire Indian reservation was re- 
ported as one farm. 

Land owned. — All land that the operator and/or his wife 
held under title, purchase contract, homestead law, or as heir 
or trustee of an undivided estate at the time of enumeration is 
considered as owned. 

Land Rented from Others. — This item includes not only land 
that the operator rented or leased from others but also land 
he worked on shares for others and land he occupied rent free. 
Grazing land used under government permit or license is not 
included. 

Land Rented to Others. — This item includes all land rented or 
leased to others, except land leased to the government under the 
Soil Bank, and all land worked by others on shares or on a 
rent-free basis. For the most part, the land rented to others 
represents agricultural land but it also includes land rented 
for residential or other purposes. The tenant or sharecropper 
is considered as the operator of land leased, rented, or worked 
on shares even though his landlord may supervise his opera- 
tions. The landlord is considered as operator of only that por- 
tion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land Managed. — This item includes all tracts of land man- 
aged for one or more employers by a person hired on a salary 
basis. A hired manager was considered to be the operator of 
the land he managed since he was responsible for the agricul- 
tural operations on that land and frequently supervised others 
in performing those operations. Managed land was always to 
be reported on a separate questionnaire whether or not the 
manager also operated a farm on his own account. 

Land in Two or More Counties. — An individual farm was al- 
ways enumerated in only one county, even in cases where the 
land was located in two or more counties. If the farm operator 
lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated in the county where 
he lived. If he did not live on the farm, the figures for the 
farm were tabulated for the county where the farm head- 
quarters was located. In cases where there was any question as 
to the location of the headquarters, figures for the farm were 
tabulated for the county where most of the land was located. 



Land in Farms According to Use.— Land in farms has been 
distributed according to the way in which it was used in 1959. 
The land uses described in the following paragraphs are mutually 
exclusive; that is, each acre of land is included only once even 
though it may have had more than one use during the year. 

Cropland Harvested.— This category refers to all land from 
which any crops were harvested in 1959, whether for home use 
or for sale. It includes land from which hay (including wild 
hay) was cut and land in berries and other small fruits, or- 
chards, vineyards, nurseries, and greenhouses. Matured crops 
hogged off or grazed were considered to have been "crops har- 
vested" and were reported here. Land from which two or 
more crops were harvested in 1959 was to be counted only once 
in the land-use classification. Land used for other purposes 
either before or after the crops were harvested was to be re- 
ported as cropland harvested, without regard to the other uses. 

The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the 
individual crops and subtracting the acreages from which two 
or more crops were harvested. This checking procedure was 
repeated during the office processing of questionnaires for all 
farms having 100 or more acres of cropland harvested. 

Cropland used only for Pasture. — This land-use classification 
includes rotation pasture and all other land used only for pas- 
ture or grazing that the operator considered could have been 
used for crops without additional improvement. Enumerators 
were instructed to include land planted to crops that were 
hogged off, pastured, or grazed before maturity but to exclude 
land pastured before or after hay or other crops were harvested 
from it. Permanent open pasture may have been reported 
either for this item or for "other pasture" depending on whether 
or not the operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last three censuses. For 1945, 
the figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for 1940, 1935, and 1925 are more nearly comparable 
with those for 1959, 1954, and 1950, however, because they in- 
clude land pastured that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating. 

Cropland not Harvested and not Pastured. — This classification 
represents a total of three subclasses for the 17 Western States 
and two subclasses for other States. 

Cultivated Summer Fallow. — This subclass of land is shown 
only for the 17 Western States. It refers to cropland that 
was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for the 1959 
harvest in order to control weeds and conserve moisture. 

Soil Improvement Grasses and Legumes. — For the 1959 cen- 
sus, land used only for cover crops to control erosion or to 
be plowed under for green manure is tabulated separately 
from "other cropland". After the establishment of the Soil 
Bank, land that would normally have been used for other 
purposes was frequently planted to soil-improvement crops. 
In counties where large acreages were placed in the Soil 
Bank, the total of land used for soil-improvement crops plus 
"other cropland" may be considerably larger than the "other 
cropland" shown for previous censuses. 

Other Cropland. — This subclass includes idle cropland, land 
in crops intended for harvest after 1959, and cropland not 
harvested because of complete crop failure, low prices, labor 
shortage, or other reasons. The 1959 figures for "other 
cropland" are not entirely comparable with those for previ- 
ous censuses since they do not include land used only for 
soil-improvement crops. (See preceding paragraph.) 

Woodland Pastured. — This classification includes all wood- 
land where livestock were pastured or grazed in 1959. The 
instruction on the questionnaire — "Include as woodland all 
wood lots and timber tracts ; cutover and deforested land 
which has value for wood products and has not been improved 
for pasture" — represents a somewhat more precise definition 
than the corresponding instruction contained on the 1954 ques- 
tionnaire. No definition of .woodland was given in 1950 apart 
from an instruction to enumerators not to include brush pas- 
ture as woodland. Some of the changes in woodland acreages 
from one census to another may merely represent differences 
in interpretation as to what constitutes "woodland." 

Woodland not Pastured. — This classification refers to all 
woodland not used for pasture or grazing in 1959, including 
land in operated farms that was placed in the Soil Bank and 
planted to trees. Unusually large tracts of timberland that 
were reported as woodland not pastured were excluded from 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



the tabulation of land in farms when it was evident that such 
land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 

Other Pasture. — This classification refers to all land other 
than woodland and cropland that was used only for pasture 
or grazing in 1959. It includes noncrop open or brush pasture 
and cutover or deforested land that has been improved and 
used for pasture. The figures for the last three censuses are 
comparable but those for 1945 include all nonwoodland pas- 
ture that had not been plowed during the preceding seven 
years. For the 1940 census and earlier years, the figures are 
more nearly comparable with those for the last three censuses. 
However, the classification may be somewhat less inclusive 
because land that could have been plowed and used for crops 
without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was classi- 
fied as plowable pasture and included with "cropland used 
only for pasture". 

Improved Pasture. — This subclass refers to that portion of 
"other pasture" on which one or more of the following prac- 
tices had been used: liming, fertilizing, seeding, irrigating, 
draining, or the clearing of weed or brush growth. The fig- 
ures are comparable with those for 1954, when the question 
on improved pasture was asked for the first time. 
Other Land. — This classification refers to all land not in- 
cluded in the preceding land-use classifications, such as house 
lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, land area of ponds, and 
wasteland. This figure for 1959 was obtained from the ma- 
chine tabulations by subtracting the total of all other uses 
from the total land in all farms reported for a given county 
or classification. Hence, there is no figure given to represent 
the farms reporting this item. 

Value of Land and Buildings. — Only average values of land 
and buildings per farm and per acre are presented in this report. 
They are estimates based on data obtained for sample farms. 
Estimates of the total value of land and buildings by States, 
geographic divisions, and the United States, are presented in 
volume II. . 

The enumerator was instructed to record the market value of 
the land and the buildings on that land. Market value was defined 
as the price which the farm operator would expect to receive for 
the land and buildings if he were to sell them on the day of 
enumeration. 

More problems and difficulties arise in the enumeration of farm- 
real-estate values than in the enumeration of most other agri- 
cultural items. Most of the items enumerated require the re- 
spondent to make a statement of fact. For example, information 
about the number and value of farm animals sold alive during the 
year is based on actual transactions. Similarly, information about 
livestock inventories relates to the situation existing on a spe- 
cific place at a specific time. Reports concerning the value of 
land and buildings, however, are estimates based almost entirely 
on opinion. The majority of farms have not changed hands for 
many years and are not currently for sale. For such farms, the 
operators are not likely to have any clear basis for estimating the 
value. To make an intelligent and objective estimate, a respond- 
ent first needs to make an estimate of the prevailing average 
market value of farms in his community. Then, he must either 
add to or subtract from that estimate to allow for the different 
characteristics of his own farm. In many cases, an operator who 
would not sell his farm under any circumstances may report an 
unreasonably high market value. In other cases, a farm operator 
who acquired his real estate during a period of relatively low 
prices may estimate an unrealistlcally low value by current stand- 
ards. Because of the extent of variation that is known to exist 
in real estate values, it is difficult to devise checking procedures 
that will identify inaccurate estimates. 

Age of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was derived 
from the sum of the ages of all farm operators reporting age 
divided by the number reporting. The number of farm operators 
65 or more years of age is an actual count based on the operators 
reporting age. 



Residence of Operator. — Farm operators were classified by resi- 
dence according to whether or not they lived on the farms they 
were operating. Some of those who did not live on the farms 
they operated themselves lived on farms operated by others. In 
cases where all the land was rented from others or worked on 
shares for others, the operator was considered to live on the farm 
operated provided the dwelling he occupied was included in the 
rental agreement. The dwelling, in such cases, was not neces- 
sarily on the land being operated. Similarly, a farm operator 
who did not live on the land being cultivated or grazed but who 
had some agricultural operations (other than a home garden) 
at his dwelling was considered as living on the farm operated. 

Since some farm operators live on their farms only during 
a part of the year, comparability of the figures for various cen- 
suses may be affected by the date of enumeration. 

In a few eases, the enumerator failed to report the residence of 
the farm operator. Differences between the total number of 
farms and the number of farm operators classified by residence 
indicate the extent of under-reporting. 

Year Began Operating Present Farm. — Enumerators were in- 
structed to report the year during which a farm operator began 
to operate his present farm and, if the year was 1958 or later, 
also to report the month. The year was intended to refer to the 
first year of the period during which the operator had been in 
continuous charge of his present farm or of any part of it. The 
time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began operating their farms, as shown by a monthly breakdown 
of the reports for farmers who began operating their present 
farms during 1958 and 1959. 

Off-Farm Work and Other Income. — To obtain a measure of the 
extent to which farm operators rely on nonfarm sources for part 
of their income, four questions were asked of all farm operators. 
The first question asked for the number of days the operator 
worked off his farm in 1959. The other three questions, to be 
answered "Yes" or "No," asked (1) whether other members of the 
operator's household did any work off the farm ; (2) whether any 
income was received from sources other than the sale of agri- 
cultural products from the farm operated; and (3) whether the 
combined income of all members of the household from off-farm 
work and other sources was greater than the total value of agri- 
cultural products sold from the farm operated. 

Off-farm work was defined to include work on someone else's 
farm for pay as well as all types of nonfarm jobs, businesses, and 
professions, whether the work was done on the farm premises or 
elsewhere. Exchange work was not included. 

The questions asked in the 1959 Census are closely comparable 
with those asked in 1954. The data for 1959 are actual totals of 
all operators reporting off-farm work and other income whereas 
those for 1954 are estimated totals based on the sample. 

Equipment and Facilities. — In 1959 as in several earlier cen- 
suses, data about specified equipment and facilities were obtained 
for only a sample of farms. Farm operators were asked to report 
equipment and facilities that were on the farm at the time of enu- 
meration, regardless of ownership. They were to include items 
that were temporarily out of order but not any that were worn 
out. 

Data in terms of actual number were obtained for the follow- 
ing items of farm equipment in 1959 : (1) grain combines, (2) corn 
pickers, (3) pick-up balers, (4) field forage harvesters, (5) mo- 
tortrucks, (6) wheel tractors, (7) garden tractors, (8) crawler 
tractors, and (9) automobiles. Definitions given enumerators in- 
cluded the following specifications, among others : Corn pickers 
related to all types of machines used for picking corn, whether 
used in separate or in combined picking-shelling operations. 
Pick-up balers were to include both hand-tie and automatic balers 
but not stationary ones. Motortrucks were to include pick-up 
trucks and truck-trailer combinations ; jeeps and station wagons 



XVIII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



were also to be included If they were used primarily as trucks, 
but school buses were specifically excluded. Wheel tractors spe- 
cifically excluded garden tractors, implements with built-in power 
units, such as self-propelled combines or powered buck rakes, and 
the power unit of a truck-trailer combination. Automobiles were 
to include jeeps and station wagons if they were used primarily 
as passenger cars. 

Questions to be answered "Yes" or "No" provided information 
as to the presence or absence of the following items: (1) tele- 
phone, (2) home freezer, (3) milking machine, (4) electric milk 
cooler, (5) bulk-type milk cooler (in six States only — Michigan, 
Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), 
(6) crop drier and (7) power-operated elevator, conveyor, or 
blower. 

Comparable data from one census to another are not available 
for all items. The questions asked about equipment during a 
given census reflect changes in farm mechanization and in the 
facilities available to farm families. Questions about some items 
of equipment were asked in 1959 for the first time (electric milk 
cooler, crop drier, bulk-type milk cooler, etc.). Similarly, some 
questions that were asked in earlier censuses were omitted in 
1959. For example, the use of electricity is now so widespread 
that there is no longer any need for obtaining a count of the 
farms having it. 

Farms by Kind of Road. — The classification of farms by the kind 
of road on which they are located is based on only a sample of 
farms. The enumerator was instructed to report, on the basis 
of his own observation, the kind of road on which the most 
frequently used entrance to the farm was located. For farms 
consisting of two or more tracts, he was to limit his report to the 
tract on which the farm operator had his dwelling or other 
headquarters. 

Farm Labor. — The questions about farm labor were asked only 
for the sample farms and related to persons working during 
the calendar week preceding the week of enumeration. Since 
the enumeration starting dates varied by geographic areas, and 
the enumeration within each area lasted over a period of several 
weeks, the calendar weeks to which the data apply also vary. 
Thus, the data for an individual farm may relate to any one 
week during the months of October, November, or December, or 
even, in a few instances, to weeks during September 1959 or 
January 1960. 

Farm labor was defined to include any work, chores, or planning 
necessary to the agricultural operations of the farm ; and to ex- 
clude housework, contract construction work, custom machine 
work, and repair, installation, or construction work done by per- 
sons employed specifically for such work. The farm labor in- 
formation contained in this report represents estimates based on 
answers to questions relating to the farm work or chores done 
during the week by (1) operator, (2) unpaid members of the 
operator's family, and (3) hired persons. An operator was 
considered as working if he worked one or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours ; and hired persons, if they worked at all during the week. 

Data are not fully comparable from one census to another, 
primarily because of d'fferences in the period to which they relate. 
In 1954, the data were purposely related to either one of two 
calendar weeks, depending in part on the starting date set for 
the enumeration and in part on which week represented a period 
of peak employment within a given State. For the majority of 
States, the period specified was the week of September 26-October 
2 ; for other States, the week of October 24-30. 

In 1950, as in 1959, the data related to the week preceding the 
actual enumeration. Unlike 1959, however, enumeration starting 
dates were identical for all States in 1950 (April 1) but since 
several weeks were required to complete the enumeration, the 
calendar week preceding the enumeration was not identical for 



all farms. In 1945 and 1935, the number of farm workers related 
to the first week in January and, in 1940, to the last week in 
March. In 1945, 1940, and 1935, only persons working the equiv- 
alent of two or more days during the specified week were to be 
included. In 1945 and 1940, an additional specification limited 
the workers to those 14 years old and over. 

Experience gained from earlier censuses indicates that farm 
labor data are often unsatisfactorily reported unless the week 
specified is the week immediately preceding the actual enumer- 
ation. When a farm operator was asked to report the number of 
persons employed during a specified week that was several weeks 
prior to enumeration, he often reported the highest number of 
persons employed during the year. Obviously incorrect reports 
were adjusted to make the data reflect more nearly the situation 
known to exist during the specified week. The farm labor data 
for 1954 relates to a specified week which, in some cases, was sev- 
eral weeks prior to enumeration. Few adjustments were made 
in those data, however, even though there were indications of 
incorrect reporting. 

Regular and Seasonal Workers. — Hired persons working on 
the farm during the week concerned were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year. They were classed as "seasonal" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 
less than 150 days. In cases where the period of employment 
was not reported for an individual farm, it was estimated from 
data for such items as basis of payment, wage rates, expendi- 
tures for labor in 1959, and type of farming operations. 

Hired Workers by Basis of Payment. — Hired persons were 
also classified according to whether they were paid on a 
monthly, weekly, daily, or hourly basis, or by piecework. In 
cases of incomplete reporting, the basis of payment for hired 
workers was supplied during the office processing operations. 

Wage Rates and Hours Worked. — The agreed cash rate of pay 
was asked for each class of hired worker except those em- 
ployed on a piecework basis. (The number and the earnings of 
persons paid on a piecework basis were required for those who 
worked on Friday of the week preceding the enumeration.) 
The number of hours that workers were expected to work to 
earn their pay was asked for each class except those employed 
on an hourly or piecework basis. For 1959 and 1954, the data 
include office estimates for farms submitting incomplete reports 
of wage rates and hours worked. The estimates were consistent 
with the size and type of operations for the individual farm as 
compared with similar farms in the area for which complete 
reports were received. The corresponding data for 1950 apply 
only to farms that reported both wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and Lime. — The questions about fertilizer and lime, 
asked only for the sample farms, relate to the acreage on which 
fertilizer and lime were used and to the quantity used. Farm 
operators were asked to report total quantities used in 1959 on 
the farms they operated regardless of when or by whom the ferti- 
lizer and lime were purchased. In the South, some landlords 
who operated farms themselves included the fertilizer and lime 
they had purchased for use on their tenant-operated land. Such 
fertilizer and lime may also have been reported by the tenants. 
When double reporting was detected during the editing process, 
the data on the questionnaires concerned were adjusted to elim- 
inate duplication in the totals. 

The 1959 data for fertilizer and lime are entirely comparable 
with those for 1954. A breakdown between dry and liquid fer- 
tilizing materials was not obtained in 1954 and data on cost 
of either fertilizer or lime were not obtained in 1959. 

Fertilizer. — The report for fertilizer was to refer only to com- 
mercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials, including rock 
phosphate. The acres fertilized and the tons of fertilizer ap- 
plied to those acres were obtained separately for selected crops. 
The selected crops varied by region so that it was possible to 
obtain detailed data for the crops most commonly fertilized 
in each region. In cases where the same land was used for 
more than one crop, the acres fertilized were to be reported 
separately for each crop. If the same crop was fertilized 
more than once, however, the acres in that crop were to be 
reported only once. In all cases, the total quantity of fer- 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



tilizer used In 1959 was to be reported, including quantities 
used on land occupied by crops planted in 1958 or by crops 
to be harvested in 1960. 

Reports for quantity of fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used were required for both dry and liquid materials. The 
terms "dry" and "liquid" referred to the form in which the 
fertilizers and fertilizing materials were purchased and not 
to the way in which they were applied. Thus, dry fertilizers 
were those purchased in dry or solid form, as powders, dusts, 
granules, pellets, etc. ; liquid fertilizers were those purchased 
in fluid form, as solutions or as liquefied gases. 

Lime. — The data for lime relate to the total acreage limed in 
1959 and the total tonnage of lime and liming materials used 
on those acres for purposes of conditioning the soil. Instruc- 
tions on the questionnaire stated that ground limestone, hy- 
drated and burnt lime, marl, and oyster shells were to be 
included but that lime used for spraying or sanitation purposes 
was to be omitted. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table 
may be less than the tonnage reported for the Agriculture Con- 
servation Program or the Conservation Reserve Program of 
the Soil Bank. Differences may be due either to sampling 
error or to under-reporting by farm operators. Many of the 
differences are minimized or eliminated entirely in the data 
presented on a State or regional basis. 

Specified Farm Expenditures. — The data for farm expenditures 
are estimates based on reports obtained from the sample farms. 
The 1959 questionnaire contained questions for six items of farm 
expenditure: (1) purchase of feed for livestock and poultry, 
(2) purchase of livestock and poultry, (3) machine hire, 
(4) hired labor, (5) seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees, and (6) gaso- 
line and other petroleum fuel and oil. With the exception of 
items (2) and (5), exactly the same questions were asked in 
1954. For each item specified, the total expenditures made for 
the farm in 1959 were to be reported, whether made by the 
farm operator, his landlord, or both. A farm operator who 
rented part of his land to others was to report only the ex- 
penditures for the land he operated himself. Enumerators were 
instructed to ask respondents who had difficulty estimating 
their expenses for the period between enumeration and the end 
of the year to estimate them on the basis of current costs. 

Feed. — The report on feed purchased for livestock and poultry 
was to include expenditures for grain, hay, millfeeds, pasture, 
salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements as 
well as for the grinding and mixing of feed. The estimated 
cost of items furnished by a landlord, contractor, or other 
owner for feeding poultry and livestock kept on the farm was 
also to be included. Payments made by a tenant to his land- 
lord for feed grown on the tenant farm were to be excluded. 

Livestock and Poultry. — The cost of baby chicks and turkey 
poults was to be included in the expenditures made for the 
purchase of livestock and poultry. Enumerators were in- 
structed to ask the farm operator to include the cost or esti- 
mated purchase value of poultry and livestock provided by 
others and cared for by the operator under a contract feeding 
arrangement. The cost of livestock purchased for resale within 
30 days was not to be included. A short-term transaction of 
that nature was considered to be a dealer operation, not an 
agricultural one. 

Data on the purchase of livestock and poultry were not ob- 
tained in 1954. The instructions for the 1950 census specified 
that expenditures for domestic rabbits, fur-bearing animals 
kept in captivity, and bees were to be included. Any lack of 
comparability in the 1950 and 1959 data resulting from inclu- 
sion or exclusion of rabbits, fur-bearing animals, or bees is 
considered to be so slight as to be insignificant 

Machine Hire. — Expenditures for machine hire relate to cus- 
tom machine work, such as tractor hire, threshing, grain or 
seed combining, silo filling, baling, cotton picking, cotton gin- 
ning, corn picking, plowing, vegetable harvesting, fruit pick- 
ing, spraying, and dusting. Any amount spent for the labor 
included in the cost of machine hire was to be considered as 
part of the total expenditure. The cost of freight or trucking 
and exchange work without pay were to be omitted. 

Hired Labor. — Expenditures for hired labor were to include 
total cash payments made in 1959 to family members and to 
others for farm labor. Payments to persons supplied by a con- 
tractor or a cooperative organization and paid directly by 
them or by the crew boss were also to be included. Payments 



for the following types of work were to be excluded : house- 
work, contract construction work, custom machine work, and 
repair, installation, or construction work done by persons spe- 
cifically employed for such work. 

Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuel and Oil. — Expenditures for 
gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil were to relate only 
to the products used in the farm business. Enumerators were 
instructed to exclude the cost of petroleum products used 
for the family automobile when operated for other than farm 
business purposes and of products used in the farmhouse for 
heating, cooking, and lighting. 

Seeds, Bulbs, Plants, and Trees. — Expenditures were to repre- 
sent the total amount spent for seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 
to be used on the farm operated. The value of seed grown on 
the farm was to be excluded. For nurseries and greenhouses, 
the cost of products purchased for immediate resale was also 
to be excluded. 

This item of expenditure was not included in the 1954 Census. 
The data are comparable with those for 1950, however. 

Crops 

Crops Harvested.— The 1959 agriculture questionnaire was simi- 
lar to the questionnaire used in several previous censuses in 
that it provided for the collection of detailed data for all crops 
harvested on each individual farm. The variation in the crops 
listed on the questionnaires used In different States made pos- 
sible the separate reporting of all important crops grown In a 
given area. All versions of the questionnaire contained several 
"All other crops" questions where crops not specifically listed In 
separate questions were to be reported. 

Acreage of Crops Harvested. — In most instances, the acreage 
reported for individual crops represents the area harvested 
during 1959. The area harvested is often less than the area 
planted. For fruit orchards and groves, vineyards, and planted 
nut trees, the acreage reported represents the total area in 
both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of the date of 
enumeration — usually a date in October, November, or Decem- 
ber 1959. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the acreage 
grown for all purposes was reported as well as the acreage har- 
vested for specific purposes. For velvet beans, only the acreage 
grown was reported. As the enumeration was about to begin 
in South Florida (those counties In which the enumeration was 
begun on October 7), an instruction was issued to the effect 
that the data for vegetables and potato crops should relate 
to a full year, beginning on October 1, 1958, and ending Sep- 
tember 30, 1959. 

Quantity of Crops Harvested. — Except for citrus fruits, olives, 
avocados, and for vegetable and potato crops in South Florida 
(see preceding paragraph) data for quantity harvested relate 
to the calendar year 1959. For citrus fruits, the quantity 
harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 1958-59 marketing 
season was to be reported. For olives, the crop harvested in 
1959 was to be reported for all States except California and 
Arizona. Enumerators in those two States were instructed to 
report olives harvested from the bloom of 1958 during the 1958- 
59 harvest season (September 15, 1958, to February 28, 1959). 
In the case of avocados, the data for California were to relate 
to the quantity harvested from the bloom of 1958 for the 
marketing season that extended from October 1, 1958 to Sep- 
tember 30, 1959; the data for Florida were to relate to the 
crop harvested for the marketing season that extended from 
July 1, 1959, to February 28, 1960. Respondents were to 
estimate quantities not yet harvested at the time of 
enumeration. 

Unit of Measure. — The unit of measure in which quantities 
were to be reported has varied for some crops, not only from 
■State to State, but also from census to census. The aim has 
been to permit reporting in the units of measure currently 
in use. In the State and county tables, the quantities harvested 
for each crop are usually expressed in the unit of measure 
given on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire. In 1959, for corn 
and Irish potatoes, a choice between two units in which to 
report the production was given in some States. (See the 
discussion for those crops.) To provide readily comparable 
information, data published in earlier reports in different units 
of measure generally have been converted to the units used in 
1959. 

Corn. — In the 1959 census, detailed questions regarding the 
purpose for which corn was harvested were asked in all States. 
For most States, bushels was the only unit specified for corn 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



for grain. In some areas, however, where farmers were not 
accustomed to using bushels as the unit of measure, the question- 
naire contained a provision for the quantity of corn for grain 
to be reported either in bushels (shelled basis) or in baskets of 
ear corn. As in former censuses, some reports were received 
in units of measure other than bushels or baskets. Prior to 
tabulation, all reports were converted to bushels (shelled basis) 
on the basis of the following factors: 70 pounds of ear corn, 
2 baskets of ears, or 56 pounds of shelled corn equal one bushel. 
A barrel of ear corn was usually considered equal to 5 bushels of 
shelled corn. 

Annual Legumes. For soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, the 

acres and quantity grown or harvested for specific .purposes, as 
well as the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained 
for areas where these crops are grown extensively ; for velvet- 
beans, only the total grown for all purposes was obtained. For 
all these crops except, possibly peanuts, the total acreage grown 
for all purposes includes some acreage that was plowed under 
for green manure. In a few Southern States, separate figures 
were obtained for the acres grown alone and the acres grown 
with other crops. In 1059, as in 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report green soybeans and blackeyes and other green 
cowpeas harvested for sale as vegetables and not as annual 
legumes. 

Hay Crops. — Data for the total acres of land from which hay 
was cut exclude the acreage in sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays. These crops were reported in separate questions 
in the States where they are important. To obtain the total 
acres from which other hays were cut, the acres of the various 
hay crops, including grass silage, were added together for each 
county. The corresponding totals for 1954 were obtained by 
the same pi-ocedure. For the 1950 census, however, the totals 
were based on farmers' own reports of their total acreage in 
harvested hay crops. 

The questionnaire contained an instruction that if two or more 
cuttings were made from the same land, the total production 
from all cuttings was to be reported but the acres cut were to 
be counted only once. In cases where both hay and grass silage 
were cut from the same land, the total acreage was to be reported 
for both crops. In 1959, as in 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa 
and alfalfa mixtures for hay and for dehydrating; clover and 
timothy hay included clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 
grasses ; small grain hay included oats, wheat, barley, rye, or 
other small grains cut for hay. The hay crops listed on the 
questionnaire varied somewhat from one State or region to 
another. The kinds of hay to be included in separate questions 
can be determined for a specific State from reference to the 
facsimile of the questionnaire that is in the appendix. 

The tonnage of hay, including alfalfa hay for dehydrating, is 
given on a dry-weight basis. Prior to tabulation, production 
reported in green weight was converted to its dry-weight equiv- 
alent by dividing by 3. However, the production of grass silage 
is given in terms of green weight. | 

Field Seed Crops.— The field seed crops listed on each version 
of the questionnaire were limited to those considered most im- 
portant within the given State. Each version of the question- 
naire contained space for listing other field seed crops in order 
to facilitate the reporting of all field seed crops harvested. 
Quantity harvested was to be reported in terms of clean seed 
for most field seed crops. Bluegrass, or Junegrass seed, was to 
be reported in terms of green seed for Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and 
Tennessee. No mention was made of "green-weight basis" for 
other States where this crop was to be reported in the "All other" 
question. 

Irish Potatoes and Sweetpotatoes. — For Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes (including yams), the total quantity harvested was 
to be reported for each crop in all cases, whether harvested for 



home use or for sale or whether used for livestock feed. The 
acreage harvested was to be reported for each crop only in cases 
where the quantity amounted to 20 or more bushels (or the 
approximate equivalent in terms of hundredweights, barrels, or 
pounds, as explained on different versions of the questionnaire). 
This method of reporting was designed to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes harvested on small plots for home use. Essen- 
tially the same procedure was followed in both 1954 and 1950. 
In earlier censuses, however, the acreage of Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes was to be reported in all eases, even when produc- 
tion was solely for home use. Therefore, the data on acres for 
censuses prior to 1950 are not fully comparable with those for 
the last three censuses, especially in counties or States where 
production is largely for home use. 

The unit of measure in which quantity was to be reported 
varied from one State or region to another to correspond with 
the units most commonly used in a given area. In 27 States, 
the questionnaire provided a choice for reporting either bushels 
or 100-pound bags (hundredweights). The published data for 
counties and States are in terms of bushels. 

Berries and Other Small Fruits.— The question for berries and 
other small fruits related specifically to the acreages and quanti- 
ties harvested for sale. Only tame or cultivated berries were to 
be reported except for the New England States, where wild blue- 
berries were also to be included. Enumerators were instructed 
always to report the total quantity of each kind of berry har- 
vested for sale but to report the area harvested only when It 
amounted to one-tenth acre or more. Nonbearing areas and areas 
and quantities harvested for home use were to be excluded. The 
data for 1959 and 1954 are fully comparable. 

Tree Fruits, Nuts, and Grapes. — In 1959, as in 1954, fruit trees, 
nut trees, and grapevines were not enumerated for farms having 
a combined total of less than 20 at the time of enumeration. 
Both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines were to be included 
but not any that had been abandoned. For censuses prior to 
1954, all fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm were 
to be enumerated, regardless of the number. Because of this 
change in enumeration procedure, the data for 1959 and 1954 
are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. In 
commercial fruit-producing counties, the change in procedure 
may have had a considerable effect on the number of farms re- 
porting without causing any significant changes in the number 
of trees and vines nor in the quantity harvested. In counties 
where most of the trees or vines are in small plantings and 
where production is largely for home-use, however, the change 
may have caused a significant reduction not only in the number 
of farms reporting but also in the number of trees and vines and 
in the quantity harvested. 

In both 1959 and 1954, the area in fruit orchards, groves, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees was enumerated when there 
were 20 or more fruit trees, nut trees, and grapevines. In 
1950, the corresponding area was enumerated only if it amounted 
to one-half acre or more. In censuses prior to 1950, the area was 
to be reported regardless of its size or of the number of trees 
and vines. Enumerators frequently omitted the fractional acre- 
ages in small plantings and home orchards, however. In some 
counties, small plantings or home orchards comprise a sizeable 
proportion of the total fruit and nut acreage. For those 
counties, the change from one census to another in acreage of 
land in fruits and nuts may not be due to fact but merely to 
differences in enumeration. 

In 1959, California was the only State for which the acreage 
in each individual fruit and nut crop was obtained. In 1954, 
such acreage was also obtained for Arizona. In all States, the 
number of bearing and nonbearing trees or vines on the farm at 
the time of enumeration and the quantity harvested in 1959 
were to be reported separately for each fruit and nut crop. ( Ex- 
ceptions in the harvest period for citrus fruits, avocados, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



olives are described on p. XIX.) The unit of measure in which 
quantities were to be reported varied from one State to another. 
Tables in this report show quantities in the unit of measure 
appearing on the 1959 questionnaire used in the State. 

Nursery and Greenhouse Products. — The questions about nursery 
and greenhouse products related only to products grown on the 
place for sale. Crops bought for resale without additional cul- 
tivation were to be excluded. The area used for growing and 
the value of sales were to be reported separately for each of 
three groups, as follows : 

a. Nursery products, (trees, shrubs, vines, and ornamentals). 

b. Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding plants. 
For these items, the area grown in the open was to be re- 
ported separately from the area grown under glass. 

c. Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms. For these items, 
the area grown in the open was to be reported separately 
from the area grown under glass or in the house. 

The data obtained for 1959 are comparable with those for 
1954 and 1950 since the questions asked were essentially the 
same in the three censuses. Detailed data regarding the pro- 
duction and sale of nursery, greenhouse, and other horticultural 
products on farms having sales of $2,000 will be published in 
volume V, part 1. 

Forest Products. — The forest products data obtained in the 
Census of Agriculture relate only to the products cut on farms. 
Commercial logging, timber operations, and forest products grown 
or cut on nonfarm places are excluded. Therefore, the data in 
this report do not represent the total forestry output or income 
for a county or State. 

The questions included on the 1959 agriculture questionnaire 
are more detailed than those asked in the 1954 Census. Value 
was obtained for the sale of standing timber or trees and for 
the sale of poles and piling, bark, bolts, and mine timbers. The 
quantity cut, whether for home use or sale, and the quantity sold 
were obtained for individual forestry products such as firewood 
and f uelwood, fence posts, sawlogs and veneer logs. Data relating 
to pulpwood, Christmas trees, maple trees, and maple syrup were 
obtained in States where such products are important 
commercially. 

Value of Crops Harvested.— The total value of crops harvested 
represents the estimated value of all crops harvested during the 
crop year 1959. It includes the value of quantities consumed 
on farms as food, feed, seed, etc., as well as quantities sold. 
Farmers were not asked to report values of crops harvested ; 
the values were calculated in the Processing Office. For individ- 
ual crops, the quantity harvested was multiplied by the average 
price at which the crop was sold in the State. State average 
prices were furnished to the Bureau of the Census by the Agricul- 
tural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 
They are based on reports received from a sample of farmers and 
dealers. Quantities harvested were not obtained for vegetables 
nor for nursery and greenhouse products. Therefore, for those 
crops, the value of sales, as obtained in the enumeration, was used 
in the calculation of total value of crops harvested. 

Value of Crops Sold. — The questionnaire required value of sales 
of crops to be reported only for total vegetables, nursery and 
greenhouse products, and certain forest products. For all other 
crops, the value of sales was calculated on a county level during 
processing operations by multiplying the State average prices 
by either the quantity sold or the quantity harvested. Reports 
of quantity sold were obtained during the enumeration only for 
some of the major field crops. Quantity harvested was used in 
the calculation of value of crops sold for such crops as cotton, 
tobacco, etc., that are customarily grown for sale. The procedures 
used for the various crops are described on page XXV. They 



are similar to the procedures followed in 1954. In 1950, values 
of crops sold were obtained for each farm during the enumeration. 

IEBIGATION 

Definition of Irrigated Land. — Irrigated land is defined as land 
watered for agricultural purposes by artificial means. These 
means included subirrigation as well as systems whereby water 
was applied to the ground surface, either directly or by sprinklers. 
Land flooded for rice cultivation was considered as irrigated. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be included as 
irrigated only if water was directed to agricultural use by dams, 
canals, or other works. The definition of irrigated land specif- 
ically excluded land where the "water table", or natural level 
of underground water, was controlled by drainage works with no 
additional water brought in by canals or pipes. 

Enumeration of Irrigated Land. — A question on total land irri- 
gated was asked in all States, with the exception of Alaska. The 
acreage reported for this question includes not only irrigated 
cropland but also any other land that was irrigated in 1959. 

The questionnaires used in the 17 Western States, Louisiana, 
and Hawaii included several additional questions regarding irri- 
gation. These questions related to the acreage of land irrigated 
by sprinklers, irrigated land from which crops were harvested, 
specific crops irrigated, and source of irrigation water. Such 
additional data, for irrigated farms, are presented in county 
table la for these States. 

Statistics on the irrigation enterprises which supplied irriga- 
tion water were collected in the 1959 Census of Irrigation and 
are published in Volume III, "Irrigation of Agricultural Lands". 
This report contains a considerable amount of data about irri- 
gation for the 17 Western States and Louisiana. 

Irrigated Farms. — All farms reporting any land irrigated in 
1959 are counted as irrigated farms. 

Land in Irrigated Farms.— Data for land in irrigated farms ac- 
cording to use relate to the entire acreage in these farms, in- 
cluding land that was not irrigated. 

Land Irrigated. — Data for land irrigated relate only to that 
part of the land in irrigated farms that was watered by artificial 
means at any time in 1959. Separate figures are given for farms 
reporting land irrigated by sprinklers whether or not the land 
was also irrigated by other means. Additional figures are given 
for farms reporting land irrigated by sprinklers only. Data 
on sprinkler irrigation were not obtained in the 1954 census. 

Irrigated Cropland Harvested. — The data for irrigated crop- 
land harvested relate to all irrigated land from which crops 
were harvested in 1959, regardless of the method of irrigation. 
An instruction on the questionnaire reminded enumerators and 
respondents to include irrigated land from which hay was cut, 
irrigated land in both bearing and nonbearing fruit and nut 
crops, and irrigated land from which volunteer crops were 
harvested. Each irrigated acre was to be reported only once, 
regardless of how many crops were harvested from it. 

Other Irrigated Land. — This classification was obtained by 
subtraction of the acreage of irrigated cropland harvested 
from the acreage of total land irrigated. It represents primarily 
irrigated cropland not harvested and irrigated pasture or 
grazing land. 

Farms Irrigated By Number of Acres Irrigated. — All farms on 
which any land was irrigated in 1959 are classified according 
to the number of acres irrigated in county table la for the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and Hawaii. This classification is 
based on total land irrigated. Therefore, it includes not only the 
irrigated land from which crops were harvested but also all other 
irrigated land, regardless of use. 

Land Irrigated By Source of Water. — The agriculture question- 
naire contained a question as to what proportion of irrigated 
water used on the farm in 1959 was obtained from ground- 
water, surface-water, and irrigation-organization sources. Re- 
spondents were asked to report separately the percentage cf 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1959 



water obtained from each source. The number of acres that 
were irrigated by water from each source or combination of 
sources was calculated during office processing operations by 
applying the percentages to the total land irrigated. 

Ground-water sources relate to wells (pumped or flowing) and 
springs ; surface-water sources relate to streams, lakes, reservoirs, 
and sewage and drainage ditches. For each of these sources, 
only water obtained by pumps or other works operated as part 
of the operator's own farm or as part of another single farm was 
to be Included. Irrigation-organization sources relate to irriga- 
tion enterprises organized to supply water to a group of farms, 
regardless of how or where the enterprise obtained the water. 
The irrigation enterprise may be a legal organization or a group 
of farmers informally organized to operate a supply ditch or 
other works to provide water for their own farms. 

Land-Use Practices 

Summary Information. — The 1959 data for land-use practices 
are estimates based on reports obtained from only a sample of 
farms. Comparable data are not presented for 1954 because 
questions about land-use practices were included on the 1954 
questionnaire for only a limited number of States. The various 
land-use practices relate to methods for reducing soil erosion, 
either by improving the soil, controlling the run-off of water, or 
reducing the blowing of topsoil. 

Cropland in Cover Crops. — The data relate to land on which 
cover crops were turned under for green manure in 1959 and 
which was then planted to another crop. The entire acreage of 
cover crops so used was to be reported even if the following crop 
failed. 

Cropland Used for Grain or Bow Crops Farmed on the Contour. — 
This item relates to land on which grain or row crops were 
planted in level rows around the slope of a hill. 

land in Strip-Cropping Systems for Soil-Erosion Control. — Strip- 
cropping was defined as the practice of alternating close-sown 
crops with strips or bands of row crops or of alternating either 
close-sown or row crops with bands of cultivated fallow land. 
The published data refer to the total acreage of all fields and 
tracts in which strip-cropping was practiced in 1959. 

System of Terraces on Crop and Pasture Land. — This item re- 
lates to the acreage in ridge-type or channel-type terraces con- 
structed on sloping cropland and pastureland. 

Livestock and Poultry 

Inventories. — Data for livestock and poultry on farms relate 
to the number on hand at the time of enumeration. All live- 
stock and poultry, including those being kept or fed under con- 
tract, were to be enumerated on the farm or ranch where they 
were, regardless of who owned them. Livestock in transit from 
one grazing area to another or grazing in national forests, graz- 
ing districts, open range, or on land used under permit were to be 
reported as being on the place where the person who had control 
over them had his headquarters. 

The time of year at which livestock and poultry are enumerated 
affects the data. Therefore, the date of enumeration needs to 
be considered when totals for the various censuses are compared. 
Both the 1959 and the 1954 census data represent fall inven- 
tories. These censuses came at a time of large-scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feed lot, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of 1920, 1925, 1935, and 1945 were taken as of 
January 1 and those of 1930, 1940, and 1950, as of April 1. A 
count made in April varies considerably from one made in Jan- 
uary. In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. A considerable number of older animals die 
or are sold during the same period. In the range States, along 



with the change in season and grazing condition, sheep and cattle 
are moved from one locality or county to another. This movement 
may affect the comparability of data for counties and, in some 
cases, for States. The comparability of data by age has been 
affected also by changes in the questions from one census to 
another. 

Milk Cows, Cows Milked, Milk Produced, and Butter. — Data on 
the number of milk cows, cows milked, and milked produced relate 
to the day preceding the enumeration. Data for butter churned 
were obtained only for 14 States and relate to the calendar week 
preceding the enumeration. The data for cows milked yesterday 
and milk produced yesterday are not given in this volume. These 
figures were obtained primarily to serve the needs of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture in making monthly and annual esti- 
mates of milk production. These figures can be made available, 
at a small cost, to others who express an interest in them. 

Whole Milk and Cream Sold. — Data for whole milk and cream 
sold relate to the entire year 1959 and are estimates based on 
reports obtained for farms in the sample. All milk and cream 
sold from the farm (except quantities purchased from some 
other place and then resold) were to be included, regardless 
of who shared the receipts. The questionnaire provided three 
alternative units of measure for reporting the quantity of milk 
sold — pounds of milk, gallons of milk, and pounds of butterfat. 
The respondent was thus permitted to report quantity according 
to the unit of measure in which payment was received. In the 
State and county tables, the data for milk are given in the unit 
of measure most commonly used in the State. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk on the 
basis of the average butterfat content of milk as shown by data 
furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and Gilts Farrowing. — In the 1959 census, data were ob- 
tained for the number of litters farrowed between December 1, 
1958, and June 1, 1959, and from June 1 to December 1, 1959. In 
the 1954 census, data were obtained for the sows and gilts that 
farrowed rather than for the number of litters. 

Sheep, lambs, and Wool. — In the 1959 census, questions about 
sheep, lambs, and wool were asked in all States. Data on 
shearings and on amount of wool shorn were obtained for lambs 
and sheep separately. In the 1954 census, sheep and lamb inven- 
tories were not obtained for Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. 

Goats and Mohair. — In 1959, questions on goats, kids, and mo- 
hair appeared on the questionnaires for the following nine States : 
Arizona, California, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, 
Oregon, Texas, and Utah. In 1954, corresponding data were ob- 
tained for Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, 
Washington, and selected counties in Missouri. 

Bees and Honey. — No questions on bees and honey were in- 
cluded on the questionnaires for either the 1959 or the 1954 
census. In 1959, however, enumerators were instructed to ob- 
tain agriculture questionnaires for places not having agricultural 
operations if they were engaged in beekeeping. The number of 
hives of bees and the amount of honey sold were to be reported 
In the "Remarks" space of the questionnaire. Data for bees 
and honey are not included in this report. 

Value of Livestock on Farms. — To obtain the value of livestock 
on farms, the number of each class of livestock or poultry on hand 
was multiplied by the State average price for 1959, as furnished 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture. Comparable data for 1954 were compiled by the 
same method on the basis of average prices for that year. 

Sales of Live Animals. — Data for the number and value of ani- 
mals sold alive in 1959 are estimates based on reports for sample 
farms only. Corresponding data for 1954 were obtained for all 
farms. The dollar value of sales was obtained from the farmer 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



for cattle, calves, and horses and mules. Average value per head 
for other livestock sold was obtained from the U.S. Department 
of Agriculture. In the 1959 census, respondents were asked to 
report separately the number of live animals already sold and the 
number estimated to be sold between the time of enumeration and 
the end of the year. This separation of reports for the number 
sold and to be sold was designed to assure more complete coverage 
of all livestock sales made during the year. In the 1954 census, 
only totals for the entire year were obtained though reference 
was made to animals to be sold between enumeration and the end 
of the year. 

Sales of Poultry and Poultry Products. — For both the 1959 and 
the 1954 Censuses, sales of chickens were obtained for two groups : 
(1) broilers and (2) other chickens. The enumeration of broiler 
sales presents problems arising from the varied contractual ar- 
rangements under which broilers are produced. The question- 
naire contained an Instruction to the effect that all broilers grown 
for others under contract were to be reported as sold. During 
office processing operations, the data reported for inventories and 
sales of chickens four months old and over, chicken eggs sold, and 
broilers sold were carefully examined. Obvious inconsistencies 
indicating confusion between broilers and other chickens were 
corrected on the basis of estimated values and, for sample farms, 
on the basis of data reported for expenditures for feed, poultry 
and livestock purchases, hired labor, etc. 

Questions relating to poultry other than chickens (and broilers) 
were generally the same in 1959 as in 1954. In the 1959 census, 
however, only total numbers were obtained for turkeys and turkey 
fryers raised and for turkey hens kept for breeding whereas the 
1954 questionnaire asked for a breakdown between light and heavy 
breeds. Also, for poultry other than chickens and turkeys, the 
1959 census obtained the number sold whereas the 1954 census 
obtained the number raised. 

Classification of Farms 

Scope of Classification. — Data for land in farms, and for crop- 
land harvested in farms classified by size, by color of operator and 
by tenure of operator were tabulated for all farms. However, 
most of the detailed data by size of farm, by color of operator, by 
tenure of operator, by economic class, and by type of farm are 
estimates based on farms in the sample. The farm classifications 
by size of farm, color of operator, tenure of operator, economic 
class of farm, and type of farm were made in the processing 
office on the basis of data reported on each questionnaire. 

Farms by Size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area established for each farm. The same classifica- 
tion was used for all States. According to definition, a farm is 
essentially an operating unit, not an ownership tract. All land 
operated by one person or partnership represents one farm. In 
the case of a landlord who has assigned land to croppers or other 
tenants, the land assigned to each cropper or tenant is considered 
a separate farm even though the landlord may operate the entire 
landholding as one unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rota- 
tion practice, purchase of supplies, or sale of products. In some 
parts of the South, a special Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire was 
used to assure an accurate enumeration of each unit within a 
multiple-unit operation. A change was made in the size classifica- 
tion for 1959, as contrasted with several preceding years, by sub- 
dividing the 1,000-acre-and-over group and by combining two 
previously recognized groups, viz., 10 to 29 acres and 30 to 49 
acres. 

Farms by Color of Operator. — Farms were classified by color of 
operator into two groups, "white" and "nonwhite." "Nonwhite" 
includes primarily Negro and Indian operators but also some of 
other racial origin. 

Enumerators were instructed to report the race on the basis of 
their own observation whenever possible rather than by asking the 
respondent. 



Farms by Tenure of Operator. — The classification of farms by 
tenure of operator was based on data reported for land owned, 
land rented from others or worked for others on shares, land 
managed for others, and land rented to others or worked on shares 
by others. The same basis of classification was used in 1959 
as in 1954. 

For 1959, each questionnaire was coded, during the editing proc- 
ess, to indicate whether it represented a farm operated by a full 
owner, part owner, manager, or tenant. The sample question- 
naires for tenants were given a code to indicate the kind of 
tenant. 

The various classifications of tenure, as used for the 1959 census, 
are defined below : 

a. Full Owners operate only land they own. 

b. Part Owners operate land they own and also land rented 
from others. 

c. Managers operate land for others and are paid a wage or 
salary for their services. Persons acting merely as care- 
takers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If 
a farm operator managed land for others and also operated 
land on his own account, the land operated on his own ac- 
count was considered as one farm and the land managed for 
others as a second farm. If, however, he managed land for 
two or more employers, all the managed land was considered 
to be one farm. 

d. Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all 
the land they operate. They are further classified, as de- 
scribed below, on the basis of rental arrangements in regard 
to the payment of cash rent, sharing of crops, sharing of 
livestock or livestock products, and the furnishing of work 
power by the landlord. 

(1) Cash Tenants pay cash rent, either on a per-acre basis or 
for the farm as a whole. 

(2) Share-Cash Tenants pay part of the rent In cash and part 
in a share of the crops and/or of the livestock and livestock 
products. 

(3) Crop-Share Tenants pay a share of the crops but not of the 
livestock or livestock products. 

(4) Livestock-Share Tenants pay a share of the livestock or 
livestock products. They may or may not also pay a share of 
the crops. 

(5) Croppers are tenants whose landlords furnished all the 
work animals or tractor power. They usually work under 
the close supervision of the landowners or their agents, or 
other farm operators. Also, the land assigned to them is 
often merely a part of a multi-unit operation. Croppers may 
or may not also pay cash rent or a share of crops, livestock, 
or livestock products. Data for croppers are available for 
only 16 southern States and Missouri. 

(6) Other Tenants are those who did not qualify for inclusion 
in any of the foregoing subclassifications. They may have 
had the use of land rent-free or in return for a fixed quantity 
of products, payment of taxes, maintenance of buildings, etc. 

(7) Unspecified Tenants are those for whom the rental arrange- 
ment was not reported. 

The definition of each subclass of tenant was essentially the 
same for earlier censuses as for 1959. In 1945, however, the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants 
whereas in other censuses all classifications were made during 
the processing of questionnaires on the basis of the data 
reported. The procedure used in 1945 may have affected the 
comparability of the data, especially for cash tenants and 
share-cash tenants. 

Farms by Economic Class. — The totals for farms by economic 
class are estimates for all farms made on the basis of data re- 
ported only for the sample farms. The economic classifications 
represent groupings of farms that are similar in characteristics 
and size of operation. The economic classes were established on 
the basis of one or more of four factors: (1) total value of all 
farm products sold, (2) number of days the farm operator worked 
off the farm, (3) the age of the farm operator, and (4) the re- 
lationship of income received by the operator and members of his 
household from nonfarm sources to the value of all farm products 
sold. Institutional farms, Indian reservations, agricultural ex- 
periment stations, and grazing associations were always classified 
as "abnormal." 



xxrv 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE : 1959 



The total value of farm products sold was obtained by addi- 
tion of the reported or estimated values for all products sold from 
the farm. The value of cattle and calves, horses and mules, dairy 
products, some poultry products, vegetables, nursery and green- 
house products, standing timber, and miscellaneous forest prod- 
ucts was obtained from the farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. The quantity sold was obtained during enumeration for 
corn, sorghums, small grains, hay, small fruits, some of the for- 
est products, chickens and chicken eggs, hogs, sheep, and goats. 
To obtain the value of sales of these products, the quantity sold 
was multiplied by State average prices. 

For each of the other products, the entire production was mul- 
tiplied by the State average price. If the resulting value amount- 
ed to $100 or more, the entire quantity produced was considered 
as sold. This procedure was followed only in establishing the 
economic class and the type of farm but was not used in estab- 
lishing the total value of products sold from the farm. (See 
p. XXV.) 

Farms were grouped into two major categories, commercial 
farms and other farms, mainly on the basis of total value of prod- 
ucts sold. The 1959 class intervals and some of the criteria for 
determination of a given class are different from those used in 
1954 and in 1950. In general, for 1959, all farms with a value 
of sales amounting to $2,500 or more were classified as commercial. 
Farms with a value of sales of $50 to $2,499 were classified as com- 
mercial if the farm operator was under 65 years of age and (1) he 
did not work off the farm 100 or more days during the year and 
(2) the income received by the operator and members of his 
family from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. The remaining farms with a value of sales of $50 
to $2,499 and institutional farms and Indian reservations were 
included in one of the groups of "other farms." 

Commercial farms were divided into six economic classes on 
the basis of the total value of all farm products sold, as 
follows : 

Value of Farm 
Class of Farm Products sold 

I $40,000 and over 

II $20,000 to $39,999 

III $10,000 to $19,999 

IV $5,000 to $9,999 

V $2,500 to $4,999 

VI* $50 to $2,499 

•Provided the farm operator was under 65 years of age, and — 

(1) he did not work off the farm 100 or more days, and (2) the In- 
come that he and members of his household received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the total value of farm products sold. 

Other farms were divided into three economic classes as 
follows : 

a. Class VII, Part-time. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part-time" if 
the operator was under 65 years of age and he either worked 
off the farm 100 or more days or the income he and members 
of his household received from nonfarm sources was greater 
than the total value of farm products sold. 

b. Class VIII, Part-retirement. — Farms with a value of sales 
of farm products of $50 to $2,499 were classified as "part- 
retirement" if the farm operator was 65 years old or over. 
Many of these are farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others are residential, subsistence, or marginal 
farms. In previous censuses, the age of the farm operator 
was not a criterion for grouping farms by economic class. 
Since the number of elderly people in our population has 
been steadily increasing during recent years, a separate 
classification for farms operated on a part- retirement basis 
was considered important for an adequate analysis of the 
agricultural structure of a county or State. 

c. Class IX, Abnormal. — All institutional farms and Indian 
reservations were classified as "abnormal," regardless of the 
value of sales. Institutional farms include those operated 



by hospitals, penitentiaries, schools, grazing associations, 
government agencies, etc. 

Farms by Type.— The data for farms by type are estimates 
based on data tabulated for the farms in the sample. The 
type represents a description of the major source of income from 
farm sales. To be classified as a particular type, a farm had to 
have sales of a particular product or group of products amounting 
in value to 50 percent or more of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold during the year. 

The types of farms, together with the products on which type 
classification is based, are as follows: 



Type of Farm 



Cash-grain 



Tobacco 

Cotton 

Other field-crop. 



Vegetable 

Fruit-and-nut 



Poultry . 
Dairy _ 



Livestock other than 
dairy and poultry 



Livestock Ranches. 



GeneraL 



Miscellaneous- 



Source of Cash Income 

(Products with sales value representing 
50% or more of total value of all farm 
products sold) 

Corn, sorghums, small grains, soybeans 
for beans, cowpeas for peas, dry field 
and seed beans and peas. 

Tobacco. 

Cotton. 

Peanuts, potatoes (Irish and sweet), 
sugarcane for sugar or sirup, sweet 
sorghums for sirup, broomcorn, pop- 
corn, sugar beets, mint, hops, and 
sugar beet seed. 

Vegetables. 

Berries, other small fruits, tree fruits, 
grapes, and nuts. 

Chickens, chicken eggs, turkeys, and 
other poultry products. 

Milk and cream. The criterion of 50 
percent of total sales was modified in 
the case of dairy farms. A farm hav- 
ing value of sales of dairy products 
amounting to less than 50 percent of 
the total value of farm products sold 
was classified as a dairy farm, if — 

(a) Milk and cream sold accounted 
for more than 30 percent of the total 
value of products sold and — 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of total cows and — 

(c) The value of milk and cream sold 
plus the value of cattle and calves 
sold amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of all farm 
products sold. 

Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool 
and mohair except for farms in the 17 
Western States, Louisiana, and 
Florida that qualified as livestock 
ranches. 

Farms in the 17 Western States, Louisi- 
ana, and Florida were classified as 
livestock ranches if the sales of live- 
stock, wool, and mohair represented 
50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold and if pasture- 
land or grazing land amounted to 100 
or more acres and was 10 or more 
times the acreage of cropland har- 
vested. 

Field seed crops, hay, silage. A farm 
was classified as general also if it had 
cash income from three or more 
sources and did not meet the criteria 
for any other type. 

Nursery and greenhouse products, forest 
products, mules, horses, colts and 
ponies. Also all institutional farms 
and Indian reservations. 



INTRODUCTION 



xxv 



The type classifications were essentially the same for the 1959 
as for the 1954 census except that tobacco farms and livestock 
ranches were not separately classified in 1954. Tobacco was in- 
cluded as one of the crops used in the classification of "other 
field crop" farms in 1954. The farms classified as livestock 
ranches in 1959 would have been classified as "livestock other 
than dairy and poultry" in 1954 without regard to the acreage in 
pasture. 

Value of Farm Products Sold. — Data for the value of farm prod- 
ucts sold in 1959 were obtained by enumeration for some prod- 
ucts and by estimation for others. The questionnaire used for 
the 1959 census provided for farm operators to report value of 
sales for the following products : 

Vegetables Miscellaneous poultry products 

Nursery and greenhouse prod- Milk and cream 

ucts Cattle 

Standing timber Calves 

Miscellaneous forest products Horses, mules, colts, and ponies 

For all other agricultural products, the value of sales was esti- 
mated during the office processing. The State average prices 
used for calculating the value of farm products sold were fur- 
nished to the Bureau by the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. One of three following pro- 
cedures was used. 

(1) For the products for which data on quantities sold were 
obtained during enumeration, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the county totals of the quantities reported as sold or 
the quantities reported as produced for sale. The following prod- 
ucts were covered by this procedure : 

Corn for grain Fence posts 

Sorghums for grain, seed, sirup, Sawlogs and veneer logs 

or dry forage Christmas trees 

All small grains Chickens (broilers and others) 

Hay crops Chicken eggs 

All berries and small fruits * Hogs and pigs 

Firewood and f uelwood Sheep and lambs 

Pulpwood Goats and kids 

1 Adjustment made for cranberries based on Cranberry Payment 
Program. 

(2) For most of the agricultural products which are cus- 
tomarily raised for sale, the entire quantity produced was 
considered to be sold. The State average prices were, accordingly, 
multiplied by the county total of production. The following crops 
were covered by this procedure : 



Cotton 

Popcorn 

Sugar beets for sugar 

Broomcorn 



Sugarcane for sugar 

Tobacco 

Wool 

Mohair 



(3) For all other crops, the State average prices were mul- 
tiplied by the quantities sold as estimated on the basis of crop- 
disposition data'furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
data reported in questions for "other crops" on the 1959 question- 
naire, or data obtained from earlier censuses. 

For all tree fruits, nuts, and grapes, the entire quantity pro- 
duced was considered as sold, except for apples, apricots, sour and 
sweet cherries, peaches, plums, prunes, avocados, tangerines, 
oranges, and grapefruit in States where a portion of the crop 
was not harvested or was subjected to excess cullage as indicated 
by data obtained from the Agricultural Marketing Service of 
the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 

The data for 1959 are comparable with those for 1954 since 
essentially the same procedures were used in both censuses for 
estimating quantities and values of farm products sold. In 1959, 
as in 1954, data for the sales of farm products represent total 
sales for the entire farm, regardless of who shared the receipts. 
For tenant-operated farms, the landlord's share of agricultural 
products was considered as sold provided the products were 
moved off the tenant farm. All crops, livestock, and poultry 
raised under a contract arrangement were considered as sold 
from the farm where they were raised. For institutional farms, 
all agricultural items produced on land operated by the institu- 
tion and consumed by the inmates were to be reported as sold. 

All sales data relate to one year's farm operations. Crop sales 
are for crops harvested during the crop year, whether the crops 
were actually sold immediately after harvest or placed in storage 
for later sale. Sales of livestock and livestock products relate 
to the calendar year, regardless of when the livestock or prod- 
ucts were raised or produced. All wool and mohair reported 
as shorn or clipped was considered as sold. 

Enumerators were instructed to record gross values of quanti- 
ties sold, with no deductions for feed, seed, fertilizer, water, labor, 
or marketing costs. For some products, however, net values may 
have been reported. In the case of milk, particularly, some farm 
operators may have reported the payments they received as the 
gross value of sales, even though the buyer had deducted handling 
and hauling charges before making payment. Adjustments were 
made in the data reported only in cases of obvious error. 



o 



Chapter A 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

(i) 



NEW YORK 

State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data on value of land and buildings for 1950, 1954, and 1!)50 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1950 

(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Farms number . . 

Approximate land area (see text) acres . . 

Proportion in forms percent . . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to X9 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

SO to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 or more acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture 1 farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . . .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes . . .farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) . . . .farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 



Other pasture (not cropland and 
not woodland)' farms reporting . 



Improved pasture farms reporting . 

acres . 



Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting . 



Cropland, total 8 farms reporting 



Land pastured, total farms reporting . 



Woodland, total . 



. farms reporting . 



Irrigated land in farms .farms reporting . 



82,356 

30,680,960 

44.0 

13,489,516 

163.8 

23,333 

145.10 

75,830 

5,032,671 

9,730 

7,783 

6,813 

12,826 

22,759 

12,869 

3,050 

2,856 

174 

20 

35,704 

1,281,330 

26,082 

806,644 

5,573 

155,295 

22,642 

651,349 

25,341 

975,645 

44,867 

2,035,021 

42,469 

2,465,925 

9,345 

218,063 

NA 

892,280 

78,867 

7,120,645 

64,327 

4,722,900 

58,621 

3,010,666 

1,741 

57,997 



105,714 

30,684,160 

49.1 

15,070,832 

142.6 

15, 181 
107.51 

94,968 

5,546,506 

13,845 

10,384 

9,373 

17,729 

28,241 

12,728 

2,668 

2,506 

145 

17 

42,709 

1,409,174 

36,547 

900,687 

MA 

NA 

MA 

NA 

33,530 

1,211,627 

51,590 

2,108,959 

54,855 

3,071,814 

9,999 

186,041 

97,342 

822,065 

100,778 

7,856,367 

82,627 

5,692,615 

71,947 

3,320,586 

1,675 

59,024 



124,977 

30,684,160 

52.5 

16,016,721 

128.2 

11,841 
91.97 

114,003 

5,791,673 

18,651 

13,787 

12,395 

23,044 

32,395 

11,798 

1,933 

1,844 

73 

16 

51,603 

1,578,698 

42,024 

1,114,392 

NA 

MA 

NA 

■IA 

39,865 

1,361,541 

59,428 

2,110,934 

62,821 
3,125,881 

NA 
NA 

113,029 

933,602 

119,061 

8,484,763 

97,828 

6,066,120 

82,690 

3,472,475 



149,490 

30,674,560 

57.3 

17,568,471 

117.5 

7,275 
61.90 

140,324 

6,921,549 

27,787 

15,965 

14,250 

26,531 

39,095 

14,496 

2,200 

2,071 

111 

18 

27,511 

704,651 

NA 

739,744 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

42,765 

1,523,268 

65,002 

2,100,112 

95,609 
4,550,128 

NA 
NA 

140,371 

1,029,019 

144, 576 

8,365,944 

120,451 

6,778,047 

92,767 

3,623,380 

646 

10,316 



153,238 

30,674,560 

56.0 

17,170,337 

112.1 

6,180 
55.16 

145,270 
6,581,296 

NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
92,436 
2,779,979 
NA 
875, 571 
NA 
NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

150,646 

10,236,846 

NA 

NA 

99,815 

3,022,323 

567 

5,948 



177,025 

30,498,560 

61.3 

18,685,741 

105.6 

5,905 
55.95 

172,301 

7,388,398 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

MA 

NA 

NA 

86,980 

2,066,424 

NA 

851,252 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

68,645 

1,961,206 

68,829 

2,061,284 

92,930 
3,492,212 

NA 
NA 

151,453 
864,965 

NA 
10,306,074 

NA 
7,519,842 

NA 
4,022,490 

NA 

NA 



159,806 

30,498,560 

59.0 

17,979,633 

112.5 

8,234 
73.19 

154,864 

6,958,936 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

• NA 

92,031 

2,375,854 

NA 

1,195,379 

MA 

NA 

NA 

«A 

69,993 

1,949,441 

58,457 

1,684,798 

79,770 

2,974,850 

NA 

NA 

122,933 

840,375 

MA 

10,530,169 

NA 

7,300,145 

NA 

3,634,239 



188,754 

30,498,560 

63.2 

19,269,926 

102.1 

7,243 
70.95 

NA 

8,290,335 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
MA 
91,927 

2,080,544 
NA 
797,328 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
77,350 

2,025,249 
66,926 

1,780,380 

94,323 

3,297,710 
NA 
NA 

NA 
998,380 

NA 
11,168,207 

NA 
7,403,503 

NA 
3,805,629 

NA 

NA 



193,195 

30,498,560 

67.7 

20,632,803 

106.8 

7,376 
69.07 

NA 
2 8, 147,816 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
UA 
UA 
NA 
NA 
MA 
i!A 
:ia 



MA 
MA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
4, 160, 567 
NA 
NA 



NA Not available. 1 For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, In the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 2 Total acreage of crops for 
which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 3 Not 
fully canparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 . 
(Oct.-Mov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
( January 1 ) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

( January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



All farms ■. number 

Under 10 acres number 

I'nder 3 acres number 

1 acre or less number 

•2 acres number 

3 to 9 acres number 

3 acres number 

4 acres number 

5 acres number 

fi acres number 

7 acres number 

8 acres number 

9 acres number 

10 to 49 acres numlier 

10 to 29 acres number 

30 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres .number 

140 to 179 acres numlier 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres ...number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 or more acres numlier . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

Land in farms acres 

Average size of farm acres 

I'nder 10 acres acres 

10 to 49 acres acres 

10 to 29 acres acres 

30 to 49 acres acres 

50 to 69 acres acres 

70 to 99 acres acres 

100 to 139 acres acres 

140 to 179 acres acres 

180 to 219 acres acres 

220 to 259 acres acres 

260 to 499 acres acres 

500 to 999 acres acres 

1,000 or more acres acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres 

2,000 or more acres acres 

Land in farms according to use: ' 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

I'nder 10 acres farms reporting 

acres 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting 

acres 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

acres 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

acres 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

acres 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

acres 

180 to 219 acres farms report! ng 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms report! ng 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 



82,354 
4,850 
1,806 
1,094 
712 

3,044 
571 
481 
605 

440 
334 
367 
246 

12,569 
7,012 
5,557 

6,182 
8,643 

12,234 
9,693 

7,564 
5,629 

12,227 
2,417 

346 
294 



13,526,411 

164.2 

19,178 
347,351 

NA 
NA 

361,022 
726,765 

1,430,851 
1,530,469 

1,496,633 

1,344,012 

4,183,313 
1, 548, 292 

538, 525 
380,886 
157,639 



75,961 

5,153,941 

2,484 

6,853 

10,487 
137,957 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

5,746 
142,773 

8,224 
295,441 

11,786 

583,435 

9,426 

615,410 

7,446 
607,781 

5,528 
526,800 

12,111 

1,568,277 

2,391 

526,757 

332 

142,457 

287 

118,738 

45 

23,719 



105,714 
8,672 
2,531 

NA 
NA 

6,141 
NA 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

18,074 
10,363 
7,711 

8,667 

11,874 

16,428 
12, 149 

9,026 
6,113 

12,235 
2,175 



15,070,832 
142.6 

37,437 

489,370 
187,833 
301,537 

503,941 
997,488 

1,917,242 
1,916,689 

1,787,474 
1,453,213 

4,130,231 
1,371,972 

465,775 

NA 

:ia 



94,968 

5,546,506 

4,131 

11,661 

14,614 

182,561 

7,987 

69,349 

6,627 

113,212 

7,822 

191,505 

11,183 

393,926 

15,860 
764,014 

11,867 
740,820 

8,893 
679,567 

6,049 
545,847 

12,113 

1,467,778 

2,143 

445,346 

293 
123,481 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



124,780 
10,435 
2,831 

NA 
NA 

7,604 
NA 



NA 

NA 
NA 

23, 211 
13,440 
9,771 

11,587 
15,129 

20,634 
13,989 

9,683 
6,563 

11,303 
2,018 



16,127,010 
129.2 

48,484 
630,896 
245, 516 
385,380 

674,641 
1,268,861 

2,401,267 
2,203,491 

1,913,849 
1,560,669 

3,778,954 
1,271,500 

374,398 
KA 



114,601 

5,845,293 

5,423 

17,333 

20,148 

254,353 

11,307 

100,057 

8,841 

154,296 

10,954 
266,032 

14,612 
510,502 

20,158 
959,032 

13,785 
840,946 

9,583 

717,529 

6,481 

548,783 

11,238 

1,261,921 

1,993 

373,636 

226 
95,226 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



149,490 
15,371 
2,451 

NA 
NA 

12,920 



30,221 
18,042 
12,179 

14,261 
18,271 

24,548 
16, 204 

10,672 
6,567 

11,404 
1,739 



17, 568, 471 
117.5 

74,206 
789,912 
318,439 
471,473 

824,866 
1,529,661 

2,841,588 
2,549,870 

2,109,753 
1,559,436 

3,797,504 
1,076,736 

414,939 
NA 



140, 324 
6,921,549 
11, 565 
32,980 
27,421 

351,215 
16,059 

142,856 
11,362 

208,359 

13,516 
358,949 

17,642 
664,979 

23,999 

1,224,192 

15,893 

1,037,371 

10,526 

837,935 

6,493 

604,083 

11,318 

1,360,936 

1,721 

343,480 

230 
105,429 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



153,238 
13,226 
1,418 

NA 
NA 

11,808 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

31, 163 
18,036 
13,127 

15,881 
20,993 

27,313 
16,980 

10,641 
6,118 

9,557 
1,196 

170 
NA 
NA 



17,170,337 
112.1 

68,242 
832,066 
321, 530 

510, 536 

918, 523 
1,756,249 

3,159,472 
2,669,594 

2,102,919 
1,453,087 

3,143,552 
736,094 

330, 539 

NA 
NA 



145,270 
6,581,296 
10, 263 
30,724 
28, 574 

377,915 
16,232 

147,802 
12,342 

230,113 

15, 210 
408, 591 

20,411 
770,117 

26,740 
1,332,133 

16,700 
1,049,004 

10,499 

789,340 

6,063 

530,473 

9,467 

1,031,481 

1,181 

207,358 

162 
54, 160 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



177,025 

16,751 

1,237 

NA 

NA 

15,514 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

38,085 
22,380 
15,705 

19,114 
24,295 

31,393 
18,892 

11,394 
6,309 

9,530 
1,075 

187 
NA 
NA 



18,685,741 
105.6 

87,915 

1,007,764 

397, 254 

610, 510 

1,102,993 
2,033,315 

3,620,851 
2,965,085 

2,249,186 
1,497,863 

3,124,518 
661,777 

334,474 
NA 



172,301 

7,388,398 

NA 

47, 590 

NA 

492,999 

NA 

200,412 

NA 

292,587 



517,032 

NA 

923,892 



NA 
1,573,948 

NA 
1,195,312 

NA 
857,759 

NA 
545,399 

NA 

1,021,129 

NA 

172,898 

NA 

40,440 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 



159,806 
9,842 
1,315 



8,527 



31,117 
NA 

NA 



9,093 
995 

169 
NA 

NA 



17,979,633 
112.5 



52,790 
856,219 



3,009,288 



10,166,029 



2,967,238 
613,438 



314,631 
NA 



154,864 

6,958,936 

NA 

29,010 

NA 

432,702 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

3 1, 397,363 
NA 



918,561 



38,107 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



188,754 

15,087 

406 

NA 

NA 

14,681 
NA 
NA 



41,066 
NA 



49, 538 



8,447 
871 



146 
NA 
NA 



19,269,926 
102.1 

83,515 

1,092,750 

NA 

NA 

3,562.420 



2, 745, 597 
539,896 

259,716 
NA 
NA 



NA 
8,290,335 



'1,8 



NA 
'4,727,287 

NA 



920,150 

NA 

137, 194 

NA 

34,360 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



NEW YORK 



State Table 2-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959-Continued 

Data for 1959 and 1950 ore based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census .of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 

( January 1 ) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 

(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Land in farms according to use '-Continued 

Cropland, total farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 
Under 10 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . , 
10 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting... 

70 to 99 acres farms reportinc . . . 

acres . . . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
HO to 179 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
2,000 or more acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Land pastured, total farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Under 10 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
10 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting . . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
2,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Under 10 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
10 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting . . . 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting . 

acres. 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reportinc. 

acres . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

acres . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 

2,000 or more acres farms reporting . 

acres . 



78,803 

7,211,634 

2,839 

8,935 

11,541 

216, 572 

6,050 

221,978 

8,507 

442,109 

12,136 

840,405 

9,602 
858,644 

7,548 

827,482 

5,617 

711,149 

12,214 

2,146,498 

2,407 

725,037 

342 

212,825 

292 

175,718 

50 

37,107 

64,645 

4,644,020 

650 

1,855 

6,449 

74, 518 

4,302 

89,507 

6,823 

208,328 

10,727 

460,133 

8,932 

533,707 

7,133 

549,818 

5,373 

512,315 

11,710 

1,541,751 

2,239 

520,640 

307 

151,448 

263 

113,067 

44 

38,381 

2,020 

64,472 

311 

687 

505 

6,165 
183 

4,646 

181 
6,015 

238 
7,583 

121 
5,540 

95 

5,573 

56 

4,765 

202 

13,940 

100 

6,802 

28 

2,756 

25 

2,381 

3 

375 



100,778 

7,856,367 

5,329 

19,254 

17,035 

308,843 

8,489 

308,450 

11,736 
589,854 

16,329 
1,095,285 

12,087 
1,031,383 

9,001 

939,105 

6,104 

744,928 

12,207 

2,008,938 

2,162 

619,108 

299 

191,219 
HA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

82,627 

5,692,615 

1,875 

5,583 

9,638 

115,032 

6,443 

144,783 

9,856 
318,081 

14,824 
687,237 

11,391 
748,047 

8,561 

713,909 

5,887 

597,437 

11,796 

1,695,113 

2,074 

523,868 

282 

143,525 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

1,675 

59,024 

231 

498 

422 

6,528 
170 

5,017 

186 
8,455 

177 
8,552 

122 
5,234 

71 

3,708 

55 

3,272 

154 

10,640 

64 
4,840 
23 
2,280 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



119,454 

8,597,234 

6,937 

25,729 

22,155 

404,207 

11,420 

422,327 

14,993 
776,155 

20,513 
1,396,518 

13,943 
1,201,258 

9,643 

1,026,572 

6,537 

786,178 

11,298 

1,829,787 

1,788 

582,306 

227 

146, 197 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

98,534 

6,116,258 

2,878 

7,613 

13,402 

150,941 

8,844 

184,280 

12,940 
408,215 

18,813 
854, 569 

13,216 
870,228 

9,284 

771,651 

6,327 

654,316 

10,923 

1,607,977 

1,697 

495,135 

210 

111,333 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

1,219 

31,567 

128 

342 

386 

4,620 
133 

3,519 

156 
5,255 

145 

5,244 

89 

3,074 

41 
1,770 

34 
1,396 

73 
4,084 

21 
1,191 

13 
1,072 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



144,476 

8,365,944 

12,466 

40,171 

28,973 

448,855 

13,996 

455,999 

18,035 

818,504 

24,385 

1,474,271 

16,107 

1,231,885 

10,631 

998, 510 

6,542 

713,464 

11,378 

1,625,842 

1,732 

422,951 

231 

135,492 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

120,451 

6,778,047 

4,489 

10, 572 

19,365 

197,700 

11,899 

249,986 

16,370 
512,695 

23,032 
1,043,145 

15,563 
1,023,131 

10,311 

871,547 

6,401 

660,492 

11,127 

1,645,600 

1,675 

429, 166 

219 

134,013 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

646 

10,316 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



150,646 

10,236,846 

NA 

45,677 

NA 

581,389 

NA 

630,379 

NA 
1,173,116 

NA 
2,033,639 

NA 
1,621,740 

NA 
1,228,114 

NA 
829,020 

NA 
1,652,360 

NA 
346,819 
NA 
94, 593 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



567 
5,948 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

10,306,074 

HA 

61,474 

HA 

676,774 

NA 

708,486 

NA 
1,265,517 

NA 
2,159,619 

NA 
1,653,345 

NA 

1, 197, 583 

HA 

770,996 

NA 

1,471,923 

NA 

268,207 

NA 

72,150 

HA 

HA 



NA 

HA 
7,519,642 
HA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
HA 
NA 

HA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
HA 



HA 

10,530,169 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



HA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

HA 
7,300,145 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

11, 168, 207 
HA 



HA 
HA 

HA 

7,403,503 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
HA 
NA 
HA 
HA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
HA 
HA 

NA 
NA 

HA 
HA 

HA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 



HA Not available. x For the Censuses of 1959 and 1954, in the Census year; for all other Censuses, in the calendar year preceding the Census. 2 Total acreage of crops for 
which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 50 to 99 
acres. *100 to 259 acres. 5 Not fully comparable for the various Census years because of differences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



6 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1959 and 1954 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 

All farm operators number . . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

All land In farms acres.. 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners . acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

All cropland harvested acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

ALL WHITE FARM OPERATORS 

White farm operators number . . 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

Managers ■ number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Proportion or tenancy percent. . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number. . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-share tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

Cropland harvested acres . . 

Full owners acres . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants acres . . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Crop-shBre tenants acres . . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

ALL NONWHTTE FARM OPERATORS 

Nonwhite farm operators number . . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Proportion of tenancy . percent. . 

Cash tenants number . , 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Full owners BCTes . . 

Part owners acres . . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Cash tenants acres . 

Share-cash tenants acres . 

Crop-share tenants acres . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . 

Cropland harvested acres . 

Full owners acres . 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Cash tenants acres . 

Share-cash tenants acres . 

Crop-share tenants acres . 

Livestock-share tenants acres . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . 



82,354 

57,078 

20,832 

540 

3,904 

4.7 

1,979 

225 

230 

390 

1,080 

-13,526,411 

7,703,263 

4,960,541 

237,004 

625,603 

318,089 

49,065 

30,740 

89,070 

138,639 

5,153,941 

2,660,211 

2,163,273 

66,177 

264,280 

141,226 

22,800 

13,470 

38,255 

48,529 



82,134 

56,893 

20,812 

540 

3,889 

4.7 

1,964 

225 

230 

390 

1,080 

13,505,386 

7,687,478 

4,956,866 

237,004 

624,038 

316,524 

49,065 

30,740 

89,070 

138,639 

5,147,401 

2,655,551 

2,161,928 

66,177 

263,745 

140,691 

22,800 

13,470 

38,255 

48,529 



220 
185 
20 

15 
6.8 

15 



21,025 
15,785 
3,675 

1,565 
1,565 



6,540 
4,660 
1,345 

535 
535 



105,671 

78,547 

21,511 

585 

5,028 

4.8 

2,211 

250 

310 

890 

1,367 

15,103,719 

9,490,394 

4,589,689 

251,830 

771,806 

308,294 

47,090 

52,665 

194,980 

168,777 

5,591,089 

3,202,031 

1,995,942 

80,675 

312,441 

128,520 

24,750 

24,270 

83,615 

51,286 



105,271 

78,222 

21,471 

585 

4,993 

4.7 

2,191 

250 

310 

890 

1,352 

15,069,299 

9,464,409 

4,584,464 

251,830 

768,596 

307,134 

47,090 

52,665 

194,980 

166,727 

5,582,849 

3,196,441 

1,993,587 

80,675 

312,146 

128,365 

24,750 

24,270 

83,615 

51,146 



400 
325 

40 

35 
8.8 
20 



34,420 

25,985 

5,225 



3,210 
1,160 



8,240 
5,590 
2,355 

295 

155 



124,977 

97,576 

18,934 

833 

7,634 

6.1 

3,072 

301 

519 

1,472 

2,270 

16,016,721 

10,926,664 

3,711,798 

308,221 

1,070,038 

392,670 

50,589 

56,856 

297,950 

271,973 

5,791,673 

3,715,678 

1,559,375 

96,532 

420,088 

155,291 

24,774 

27,409 

123,411 

89,203 



124,602 

97,261 

18,890 

831 

7,620 

6.1 

3,066 

301 

519 

1,469 

2,265 

15,982,379 

10,900,530 

3,705,778 

307,739 

1,068,332 

391,910 

50,589 

56,856 

297,400 

271,577 

5,779,439 

3,706,850 

1,556,736 

96,385 

419,468 

154,967 

24,774 

27,409 

123,326 

88,992 



375 

315 

44 

2 

14 

3.7 

6 



3 
5 

34,342 

26,134 

6,020 

482 

1,706 

760 



550 
396 

12,234 

8,828 

2,639 

147 

620 

324 



149,490 

116,070 

19,045 

2,038 

12,337 

8.3 

6,049 

160 

3,797 

2,331 

17,568,471 

11,872,320 

3,445,889 

656,841 

1,593,421 

649,982 

25,197 

648,133 

270,109 

6,921,549 

4,449,469 

1,593,903 

219,265 

658,912 

255,596 

12,640 

288,544 

102,132 



148,828 

115,494 

19,015 

2,032 

12,287 

8.3 

6,017 

160 

3,793 

2,317 

17,523,745 

11,835,764 

3,442,958 

655,746 

1,589,277 

647,398 

25,197 

647,709 

268,973 

6,905,746 

4,437,174 

1,592,366 

218,890 

657,316 

254,576 

12,640 

288,388 
101,712 



662 
576 

30 
6 

50 
7.6 

32 

4 

U 

44,726 
36,556 
2,931 
1,095 
4,144 
2,584 



1,136 

15,803 

12,295 

1,537 

375 

1,596 

1,020 



85 

211 



156 
420 



153,238 

117,972 

14,128 

1,594 

19,544 

12.8 

10,024 

458 

6,289 

2,773 

17,170,337 

12,008,289 

2,321,754 

449,786 

2,390,508 

1,002,833 

70,063 

1,007,582 

310,030 

6,581,296 
4,458,911 
1,021,630 
1/45,630 
955,125 
381,335 
32,142 

443,459 



152,671 

117,494 

14,103 

1,589 

19,485 

12.8 

9,984 

456 

6,284 

2,761 

17,128,816 
11,976,549 
2,318,799 
448,704 
2,384,764 
1,000,001 
69,797 

1,006,718 

308,248 

6,569,627 

4,450,759 

1,020,240 

145,275 

953,353 

380,271 

32,002 

443,167 
97,913 



567 

478 

25 

5 

59 

10.4 

40 

2 



12 

41,521 
31,740 
2,955 
1,082 
5,744 
2,832 
266 

864 

1,782 

11,669 
8,152 
1,390 

355 
1,772 
1,064 

140 

292 
276 



177,025 

133,746 

15,603 

2,574 

25,102 

1A.2 

HA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

18,685,741 

12,875,171 

2,268 610 

646,075 

2,895,685 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

7,388,398 

4,951,455 

1,026,684 

207,399 

1,202,860 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



176,432 

133,255 

15,578 

2,563 

25,036 

14.2 

NA 

NA 



NA 

18,643,764 

12,844,100 

2,266,478 

644,846 

2,888,340 

NA 

NA 



NA 

7,372,279 

4,939,808 

1,025,545 

206,862 

1,200,064 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



593 

491 

25 

11 
66 
11.1 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

41,977 
31,071 
2,332 
1,229 
7,345 
NA 
NA 

NA 



16 


119 


11 


647 


1 


1 S9 




537 


2 


796 




NA 




NA 




NA 




NA 



159,806 

124,206 

11,835 

2,652 

21,113 

13.2 

8,715 

NA 

NA 

NA 

17,979,633 

12,773,720 

1,802,835 

622,001 

2,781,077 

945,092 

NA 

NA 

NA 

6,958,936 

4,849,541 

763,092 

184,818 

1,161,485 

357,903 

NA 

NA 



159,346 

123,838 

11,808 

2,644 

21,056 

13.2 

8,691 

NA 

NA 

NA 

17,942,248 

12,746,969 

1,800,402 

620,611 

2,774,266 

942,639 

NA 

NA 

NA 

6,944,343 

4,839,877 

761,674 

184,015 

1,158,777 

356,869 

NA 

NA 



460 

368 

27 

8 

57 

12.4 

24 

NA 

NA 

NA 

37,385 
26,751 
2,433 
1,390 
6,811 
2,453 
NA 

NA 

NA 

14,593 
9,664 
1,418 
803 
2,708 
1,034 
NA 

NA 



188,754 

149,761 

10,188 

2,261 

26,544 

14.1 

9,164 

NA 

NA 

NA 

19,269,926 

14,002,751 

1,456,463 

496,168 

3,314,544 

903,652 

NA 

NA 

NA 

8,290,335 

5,876,780 

682,028 

170,713 

1,560,814 

390,139 

NA 



NA Not available. 1 For 1920, standing renters (renters paying a fixed quantity of products) were included with cash tenants. 2 Total acreage of crops for which figures 

are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grala. 



NEW YORK 



State Table 4.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR, AGE, RESIDENCE, AND OFF-FARM WORK; AND EQUIPMENT AND 

FACILITIES ON FARMS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data in italics ore based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 

(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



FARM OPERATORS 

By color: 

While number. . 

Nepro number . . 

Other nonwhite number . . 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting . . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting.. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . . 

65 or more years operators reporting . . 

Average age years . . 

Operators nol reporting age .number . . 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting residence number . . 

By off-larm work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 49 days operators reporting. . 

50 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 or more days operators reporti ng . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

300 or more days operators reporti ng . . 

Operators not working off their farm or 
not reporting as to work off their farm number . . 

By other income: 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES 

AND KIND OF ROAD 

Gram combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number, . 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

nurrber. . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting . . 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting., 

number . , 

Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

numher . , 

Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number . 

Automobiles farms reporting . 

number . 

*utomohile« and or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Bulk-lypo milk cooler .farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). . .farms reporting. 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, 
or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . 

Less than lmile to a hard surface road. . .farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting . 

2 or 3 miles farm= reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting . 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 



82,11B 
127 
111 



1,233 

8,896 
18, S69 
20, 829 
18, 190 
U, S76 
60.8 
673 



74,436 
3,946 
3,924 



36, 68? 
6,796 
2,913 

26,974 
4,389 

St, 690 



S8, 61,3 



18, 028 
18, 702 
6,631 
6,819 
36, 039 

36, 7 a 

17,109 

18, n<>b 

47, 159 
66,1,86 

72,969 

155, U4 
70, 176 
138, 670 

£9,698 
23, 567 
10, 8 U 
3,698 
2,369 

69,411 

131, 149 

6,719 

7,521 

15, 373 

16, 874 

73, 122 
93, 150 
78, 513 
74,191 
53, 981 

45, 049 

43, 690 
7,271 
2,4*5 

37, 270 



59 


;-;>- 


1: 


;< 


9 


m 


5 


151 


i 


3gX 










1 


73/1 




110 




ne 



105,338 
175 
201 



1, 953 
11, SCi 
!!, 9i3 

ss.as 

SI, 693 

19.119 

50.7 

hue 



99,882 
4,397 
1,435 



if, 97 i 
9, 103 
3, W 

35, rn 
S.ltS 

30, 459 



S3, 6S7 



te.iu 

IS, 99S 
i,Sl! 

i,7ee 
U, 470 

«. 574 
11, ISC 
11.7S9 
63, 731) 
71, 150 

Si. S9i 
Hi, i95 

SO, 7SI 
1S9, 7H 

i7, 795 
!!, SSS 
6, Si! 
1, 01S 
l.tit 

79, 956 

1 U, 0-16 

5, 030 

5,705 

13, 55S 
li, 75i 



Id, 97S 
9S, 506 
S7, 663 
50, 1,31 

51, U3 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 



124,602 
150 
225 



1,9!3 
li, 97! 
!6, 956 
IS, 9S9 
!7, S99 
10, 37S 
50. i 

5, !63 



116,557 
5,660 
2,760 



S3, 7!S 
10, S33 

i,96S 
37, 937 

7,053 
SO, SSi 



7;, 05! 



3S, 630 



10, i9S 
10, S30 
1,795 

i,sn 

S,9W 
9,117 

HA 

NA 

56,610 

7S.U0 

SI, 9S5 
119,30! 

77, S3S 
10S,66i 

SS, 709 
17, 077 



148,828 
662 



2,867 
16,973 
29,836 
38,296 
33,737 
26,536 
50.9 

1,245 



139,323 
8,954 
1,213 



46,817 
4,540 
3,280 

38,997 
6,108 

32,889 



102,673 



S.5SS 
5.SS3 

NA 
<1A 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
57,049 
69,141 

77,523 
93,292 
x 77,523 
S7.001 

l 65,303 
'9,891 

l 2,329 



76, f 66 


NA 


103, U3 


S3, US 


i,S77 


NA 


5,111 


3, SS3 


9,71! 


NA 


10,7iS 


6, IIS 


97, 19i 


119,494 


119, S95 


144,948 


110, S36 


130,331 


87, ess 


78,484 


29, 277 


NA 


50, S31 


iO, 79! 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


eo 


NA 


,79i 


NA 


'.63S 


NA 


NA 


6 126,729 


NA 


6 17,996 


NA 


> 


NA 


} 6 17,654 


NA 


) 


NA 


342 



152,671 
152 
415 



2,124 
13,977 
27,349 
39,243 
34,909 
28,578 
52.1 

7,058 



139,335 
8,089 
5,814 



46,934 
11,502 

5,663 
29,769 

9,829 
19,940 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
48,522 
55,285 

53,230 

58,906 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

113,913 

139,718 

NA 

59,526 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



83,289 
22,614 
43,016 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



176,432 
593 



49,950 
13,775 
7,855 
28,320 
11,552 
16,768 



159,346 
148 
312 



2,217 
16,438 
34,679 
39,483 
34,140 
25,157 
NA 

7,692 



49,036 
17,318 

6,962 
24,756 

9,166 
15,590 



110,770 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
54,084 
58,974 

37,790 

40,369 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

115,010 
141,916 

NA 
78,185 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

24,350 

25,681 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



2 60,066 


3 54, 989 


*14,607 


5 16,767 


78,949 


111,832 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA Not available. 

1 Figures for 1945 are for all tractors. 
Concrete, brick, asphalt, and macadam. 
3 Concrete or brick and macadam. Asphalt was not included. 
*Includes sand-clay. 
5 Gravel . 
6 Distance to all-weather road. See text. 



8 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 5.-SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES AND FARM LABOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data in Italics arc based on reports for only n sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



195* 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 

(January 1) 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Machinehire farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 
Si to $199 farms reporting . . 

5200 to$499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2.499 farms reporting . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 ormore farms reporting.. 

Hired labor 3 farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
Farms classified by amount of expenditure- 

$1 to S199 farms reporting. . 

$200 to$499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 

for the farm business farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
dollars . . 

Lime and liming materials farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
dollars . . 

FARM LABOR 

Farm workers for specified week:* 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Average per farm reporting persons. . 

Family workers, including operators farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting. 

persons . , 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons . 
Workers hired by month farms reporting . 

persons. 
Workers hired by week farms reporting . 

persons . 
Workers hired by day farms reporting . 

persons . 

Workers hired by hour farms reporting . 

persons . 
Workers hired on piece-work basis . . farms reporting. 

persons . 
No report as to basis of payment. . . . farms reporting. 

persons . 

Regular hired workers (employed 

150 or more days) farms reporting . 

persons . 
Farms reporting by number of regular 

hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

persons . 

Farms by kind of workers during specified week: 

No workers reported .farms . 

Family workers only farms . 

Operator only farms . 

Operator and members of his family farms . 

Members of operator's family only farms . 

Family workers and hired workers farms . 

Operator and hired workers farms . 

Operator, members of his family, and hired 

workers farms . 

Members of operator's family and hired workers . . . .farms . 

Hired workers only farms . 

Regular farm workers only farms . 

1 farm workers only farms . 



67, 028 
174,964,647 

jj, see 

41, ne, 079 

39, 558 
S, 856, 366 

U, iU 

11, 197 

t,961 

78S 

lit 

u 



1,1, 9S1 
93, 1,53, 1,7! 

10, 989 
7,8t9 
5,933 
7,395 
5,370 
S, 779 
1,067 



78, 680 
36,903,655 

42, 037 
17, 6t3, 1,19 

Si, 363 
ill, 7t0 

NA 

ti, no 

IU, 163 
NA 



71,, 166 

157, 863 

l.l 

7t, 816 
111,181, 

71, 361 

S8,60S 
39, St I 

to, su 

i6, 679 
7,39i 

10, III 
8,890 

16, S56 
1,116 
1,896 

S,l!6 

11,681 

97t 

5,615 



15,849 
i8, I8i 



10,1,06 

3,107 

l,t67 

Sit 

It? 

7,38i 
17,696 



8,188 
53,6lt 
31,871 
tO, 6H 

1,117 

II, 171, 
It, 1,10 

6,51,7 

307 

1,170 

lie 

118 



87, 111 

171, 649, 153 

NA 

NA 

66, 323 

11, 010, 013 



60, IS! 
,105, US 

IS, 169 
I, 633 
6,691 
9,716 
i,699 
l.ISi 
l,07i 
i8S 



85, 188 

31, 195, 1,1,3 

NA 

NA 

So, 390 
616, 900 

17, 156, 616 

«6, HO 

510, 689 

3, 788, 9S9 



97, 584 

Hi, 759 

1.6 

95, 830 
150, 591 

93, 298 

lo, en 

47, t93 

17, 7iS 
91,, ies 
10,419 
JS, 038 
8,766 

16, 311 
l.Hi 

6,eot 

8,063 

17, 387 
3,708 

29, 7it 



17, 771 
31, 970 


11,817 

3,157 

1,611 

632 

253 


n,i7i 

61, 198 


8,087 
69,841 
39, 829 
IS, 060 

1,951 


26, 989 
15, 377 


10, 031 

580 

l,75i 

NA 

NA 



101,063 
109,761,865 

67, 610 
43, 366, 696 

68, 117 
11,160,715 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

68, 661 
91,, Hi, 339 

It, 6i7 

n, tu 

10, 751 
It, 651 

8,i00 



91, 380 
27,663,316 

SI, 635 
19, 706, 341 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



106, 316 
307, 156 
1.9 
103, 141 
151,, 409 
98, 941 

39, 781 
66. i68 

tl, Of j 
4f, 7<6 
16, 330 
tl, 839 
9, 181 
li, 930 
3,068 
4,431 

i, 477 

9,061 

674 

1,730 

355 

7«7 



21,, 848 
41. 5ii 



/7, 0/7 

i,971 

1,008 

55/ 

161 

6,934 
11, 101 



18, 461 
77, 192 
1,6, 361 
27, 320 
3,611 

15, 949 
17, 099 

8, 181 
689 

3,076 
NA 
MA 



123,164 

145,792,293 

76, 910 

33, 894, 607 

NA 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
IIA 

80,847 
79,651,812 



30,082 
16,577 
13,545 
13,784 

6,859 



9/„ »06 
13, 345, 155 

80, 6il 

NA 

16, 111, 168 

36, 356 

NA 
1,617,787 



133,539 
230,728 
1.7 
131,380 
188,796 
128,588 

44,546 
60,208 

25,829 
41,932 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



15,951 

107,710 
t,9,5«5 
;*5,681 
2,444 

23,670 
17,249 

6,073 

348 

2,159 

NA 
NA 



119,657 
59,905,711 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 

73,243 
37,958,608 



87,847 

10,154,356 

NA 

HA 

78,666 

333,107 

8,841,464 

39,992 

467,416 

1,850,591 



132,922 
254,499 

1.9 

125,521 

190,463 

NA 



37,340 
64,036 
29,374 
41,352 
5 10,670 
'19,577 

( 5 ) 

'1,342 

6 3,107 
( 6 ) 
( 6 ) 



20,316 
95,582 

NA 
NA 
NA 

29,939 



NA 

NA 

7,401 

NA 

NA 



170,780 
299,982 
1.8 
164,866 
232,231 
NA 

NA 



47,831 
67,751 

NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
HA 
MA 
HA 



6,245 
122,949 

NA 
NA 
NA 

41,917 

NA 

NA 
HA 
5,914 
NA 
NA 



131,917 
77,399,938 

MA 
MA 
HA 
HA 



90,455 
45,421,486 

MA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



81,424 
287,959 
NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 



145, 614 
62,075,138 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



HA 
NA 
NA 

101,091 
42,235,628 

HA 
MA 
HA 
HA 
NA 
NA 



158,428 
82,966,321 

NA 



121,256 
49,345,689 



NA 

NA 



NA 


MA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


113,578 


HA 


NA 


NA 


15,067,371 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


MA 


NA 


HA 


MA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


HA 


MA 


NA 


NA 


MA 


HA 


NA 


HA 


HA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


MA 



NA 
NA 



NA Not available. 1 For Censuses of 1959 and 1954, expenditures during Census year; for earlier Censuses, expenditures during the preceding calendar year. Cash payments for 
farm labor; housework not included. For 1959, 1954, 1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and labor included in 
cost of machine hire. For 1920, the value of board furnished was included. 3 Census of 1959, week preceding the enumeration; Census of 1954, week of September 26-0ctober 2. 
Census of 1950, week preceding enumeration; Censuses of 1945 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. *See text for differences in definition of farm 
workers. 'Separate data not available by day or week. 6 Separate data not available for workers hired by the hour or piece-work basis. Questionnaire called for other hired 
labor including piecework and contract labor. 



NEW YORK 

State Table 6.-LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY ON FARMS, NUMBER AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



9 



[Data for number of livestock not fully comparable for the several Censuses. See textj 



Item 


see text) 








Censu6 of— 


(For definitions and explanations 


1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 


1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 

(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
(January 1) 


Total value of specified classes of 




450, 166, 186 


303,764,468 


349, 390, 932 


319,280,573 


173,376,040 


136,055,697 


221,595,519 


169,416,605 


312,039,176 




-farms reporting. . . 


59,913 


78, 816 


90,743 


108,300 


118, 148 


137,418 


131,919 


NA 


167,801 




number . . . 


2,022,726 


2,228,978 


2,021,993 


2,170,273 


1,927,305 


1,919,163 


2,220,139 


1,836,900 


2,144,244 




value, dollars . . . 


420,189,044 


273,770,193 


316,297,291 


262,588,011 


120,260,645 


84,268,162 


159,793,327 


96,270,742 


198,826,728 


Cows, including heifers that have calved. 


.farms reporting . . . 


55,325 


74,119 


87,736 


104,245 


115,138 


135,054 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . , 


1,221,142 


1,341,687 


1,250,318 


1,504,469 


1,374,140 


1,325,966 


1,185,769 


1,387,710 


1,502,325 




value, dollars. . . 


339,477,476 


224,061,729 


268,652,257 


229,977,655 


102,061,057 


72,928,130 


121,189,559 


83,499,424 


164,070,312 




. farms reporting . . . 


52,650 


71,765 


85,646 


NA 


114,738 


NA 


127,103 


151,371 


162,367 




number. . . 


1,173,285 


1,297,048 


1,217,596 


NA 


1,361,600 


NA 


1,172,546 


1,370,060 


1,481,918 




value, dollars. . . 


329,693,085 


NA 


NA 


NA 


101,390,869 


NA 


120,227,226 


82,727,051 


162,165,593 




.farms reporting. . . 


53,896 


69,218 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number. . . 


695,944 


767,641 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars . . . 


67, 506, 568 


41,452,614 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


Steers and bulls, including steer 


.farms reporting. . . 


38,419 


49,839 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


105,640 


119,650 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars .. . 


13,205,000 


8,255,850 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting. . . 


18,483 


30,445 


60,417 


NA 


107,032 


128,240 


120,758 


156,502 


NA 




number. . . 


47,211 


66,897 


138,144 


228,948 


275,281 


319,899 


326,309 


447,265 


543,494 




value, dollars.. . 


6,798,384 


4,950,378 


11,179,381 


27,236,183 


39,704,202 


38,384,105 


39,476,944 


46,518,320 


78,958,108 




.farms reporting. . . 


HA 


NA 


59,846 


91,161 


106,236 


127, 139 


NA 


NA 


171, 524 




number. . . 


NA 


NA 


136,346 


226,689 


271,917 


315,110 


320,460 


440,203 


536,171 




value, dollars. .. 


NA 


NA 


11,030,117 


26,961,958 


39,223,208 


37,860,110 


38,795,948 


45,817,001 


77,762,412 




.farms reporting. . . 


NA 


NA 


920 


1,234 


1,829 


2,603 


NA 


NA 


3,671 




number. . . 


NA 


NA 


1,798 


2,259 


3,364 


4,789 


5,849 


7,062 


7,323 




value, dollars. . . 


NA 


NA 


149,264 


274,225 


480,994 


523,995 


680,996 


701,319 


1,195,696 




.farms reporting... 


15,491 


22,966 


25,192 


47,290 


41, 536 


49,945 


38,224 


59, 188 


113,694 




number. . . 


165,927 


163,764 


167,782 


256,765 


194,708 


189,871 


220,826 


259,189 


600,560 




value, dollars. . . 


4,166,601 


5,080,758 


3,761,415 


4,757,292 


2,054,422 


1,480,994 


3,210,289 


3,820,356 


11,691,713 




.farms reporting. . . 


7,759 


10,995 


7,591 


NA 


NA 


NA 


9,600 


NA 


NA 




number . . . 


91,158 


87,205 


62,509 


NA 


NA 


NA 


74,636 


NA 


NA 




value, dollars.. , 


1,549,686 


3,598,273 


756,606 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




.farms reporting.. . 


10,875 


16,091 


20, 893 


NA 


41,536 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number. . . 


74,769 


76,559 


105,273 


NA 


194,708 


NA 


146,190 


NA 


HA 




value, dollars .. . 


2,616,915 


1,482,465 


3,004,809 


NA 


2,054,422 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




. farms report) ng . . . 


4,414 


4,802 


4,318 


7,244 


8,797 


12,747 


14,871 


13,548 


18,828 




number. .. 


188,566 


194,314 


155,461 


252,340 


285,172 


385, 579 


618,075 


472,616 


578,726 




value, dollars . . . 


2,960,584 


3,031,978 


2,775,282 


2,230,050 


2,051,043 


1,792,942 


5,670,783 


5,457,397 


7, 699, 791 




.farms reporting. . . 


3,370 


3,805 


2,789 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


12,298 




number. . . 


71,416 


71,692 


45,010 


NA 


NA 


NA 


191,465 


133,197 


152, 124 




value, dollars. . . 


1,142,656 


1,147,072 


751,523 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


1,718,483 




.farms reporting. . . 


4,009 


4,324 


4,126 


NA 


8,797 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number. . . 


117, 150 


122,622 


110,451 


NA 


285,172 


NA 


426,610 


339,419 


426,602 




value, dollars . . . 


1,817,928 


1,884,906 


2,023,759 


NA 


2,051,043 


NA 


4,324,608 


NA 


5,981,308 




.farms reporting. . . 


3,883 


4,179 


4,016 


5,932 


7,973 


11,502 


NA 


NA 


17,656 




number .. . 


110,408 


115,026 


99,264 


189,247 


248,797 


287,858 


380,152 


325,520 


400,402 




value, dollars. . . 


1,656,120 


1,725,390 


1,824,673 


1,607,067 


1,826,288 


1,338,540 


3,839,976 


NA 


5,535,312 




.farms reporting. . . 


2,786 


2,884 


2,665 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 




number. . . 


6,742 


7,596 


11,187 


NA 


36,375 


NA 


46,458 


13,899 


26,200 




value, dollars. . . 


161, 808 


159,516 


199,086 


NA 


224,755 


NA 


484, 632 


NA 


445,996 




.farms reporting. . . 


31, 832 


54,645 


72, 517 


100,402 


106,840 


136,387 


133,086 


160,043 


174,047 




number. . . 


10,611,028 


12,371,134 


10,351,954 


13,356,205 


11,190,414 


12,648,459 


11,953,862 


13,408,720 


10,414,600 




value, dollars. . . 


15,916,542 


16,701,031 


15,091,808 


22,469,037 


9,178,678 


9,992,283 


13,444,176 


17,349,790 


14,571,301 




.farms reporting. . . 


205 


449 


1,128 


NA 


3,383 


6,385 


NA 


NA 


11,376 




number. . . 


24,551 


44,737 


46,393 


NA 


45,798 


47,314 


NA 


NA 


57,644 




value, dollars . . . 


135,031 


230,130 


285,755 


NA 


127,050 


137,211 


NA 


NA 


291,535 



NA Not available. 



10 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 7.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 

[Data for 1969 for livestock sold alive and dairy products sold are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Value of sales of livestock and/or livestock products 
including poultry and poultry products dollars. .. 

Any livestock sold alive (cattle, horses 

and mules, hogs, and sheep) farms reporting. . . 

value of sales, dollars. . . 
Livestock products other than poultry 

and poultry products value of sales, dollars . . . 

Poultry and poultry products farms reporting . . . 

value of sales, dollars . . . 

LIVESTOCK SOLD ALIVE 

Cattle and/or calves sold alive farms reporting. .. 

number . . . 

dollars. . . 
Cattle, not counting calves farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

dollars . . . 
Calves farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

dollars . . , 

Horses and/or mules sold alive farms reporting. . 

number . . . 

dollars .. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

dollars . . . 
Sheep and Iambs sold alive farms reporting. .. 

number. . . 

dollars . . . 

SHEEP SHORN AND WOOL 

Sheep and /or lambs shorn farms reporting . . 

number shorn . . 
pounds of wool . . 
value, dollars. . 

Lambs shorn farms reporting . . 

number shorn. . 
pounds of woo! - - 

Other sheep shorn farms reporting . . 

number shorn . . 
pounds of wool . . 

LITTERS FARROWED 

Litters farrowed, December 1, previous year 

to November 30, Census year farms reporting . . 

number of litters. . 

June 2 to November .30 farms reporting . . 

number of liUers . . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . . 

number of litters . . 

POULTRY AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

number . . 

dollars. . 
Broilers sold forms reporting. . 

number . . 

dollars . . 
Other chickens sold farms reporting . . 

number . . 

dollars . . 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . . 

dollars. . 



Turkeys, ducks, geese, and miscellaneous 
poultry and their eggs sold 

Turkeys raised 

Ducks sold... 

Geese sold 

Guineas sold 



arms reporting . . 

dollars . . 
arms reporting . . 

number . . 
arms reporting. . 

number. . 
arms reporting . . 

number. . 
arms reporting . . 

number . . 



DAIRY PRODUCTS 

Any whole milk or cream sold farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Average sales per farm reporting dollars . . 

Milk sold as whole milk farms reporting.. 

pounds . . 
dollars . . 

Cream sold farms reporting. . 

pounds of huUerfat. . 
dollars. . 



Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, and 

cheese sold farms reporting. 

dollars . 



554,346,761 

58,287 
75,193,090 

409,060,775 

19,433 
70,092,896 



54,874 

1,025,381 

67,295,223 

40,737 

266,496 

51,618,015 

48,849 

758,885 

15,677,208 

1,867 

6,427 

1,110,179 

4,925 

155,880 

4,832,280 

3,276 

139,672 

1,955,408 



3,624 

126,396 

973,642 

428,407 

333 

7,991 
45,973 

3,524 
118,405 
927,669 



3,996 
25,800 

3,106 
12,979 

2,827 
12,821 



13,700 

18,208,001 

13,973,816 

423 

11,186,895 

9,620,730 

13,433 

7,021,106 

4,353,086 

16,970 

116, 505,998 

43,107,216 



1,467 

13,011,864 

933 

806,760 

1,139 

7,473,714 

519 

10,215 

44 

1,048 



44,945 
408,632,368 



43,991 

9,335,421,865 

408,084,864 

1,170 
849,189 
547,504 



461,451,305 

69,154 
48,305,381 

334, 853, 851 

35,098 
78,292,073 



65,944 

1,052,464 

41,499,441 

47,018 

268,360 

32,463,311 

60,443 

784,104 

9,036,130 

2,152 

5,186 

556,505 

7,531 

147,305 

4,509,420 

3,135 

117,871 

1,740,015 



3,810 

130,599 

1,002,652 

531,411 
NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



5,380 
29,263 

3,756 
12,917 

4,071 
16,346 



19,858 

19,298,634 

18,896,067 

1,153 

11,331,309 

11,397,661 

19,223 

7,967,325 

7,498,406 

29,968 

114,851,652 

45,888,733 



2,993 

13,507,273 

2,742 

923,537 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



57,363 
334,322,440 

5,828 

54,629 
,504,863,451 
333,368,150 

2,734 

1,883,676 

954,290 



80,305 
63,918,573 

321,904,845 

48,274 
80,424,728 



75,598 

972,145 

56,103,949 

50,986 

277,736 

43,799,021 

68,330 

694,409 

12,304,928 

6,709 

14,622 

888,481 

14,725 

193,217 

5,164,577 

3,101 

98,499 

1,761,566 



3,548 
104,419 
756,772 
352,998 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
MA 
7,574 
23,619 



30,402 

15,734,885 

20,266,278 

NA 

HA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

41,752 

95,386,567 

47,914,781 



4,116 

12,243,669 

2,738 

671,240 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



l 68,394 
'319,323,051 

'4,669 

62,522 

7,480,810,695 

317,170,754 

4,536 
2,738,541 
1,566,992 



3,286 
585,305 



352,818,476 

NA 
283,250,167 

69,998 
69,568,309 



79,700 

924,122 

27,025,447 



NA 

NA 

18,530 

230,690 

3,968,211 

4,169 

140,976 

1,314,954 



5,632 

NA 

1,453,120 

639,373 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

2,314 

429,569 



'77,812 
'244,060,082 



68,753 
,120,125,347 
2 241,969,685 

4,813 
2,565,161 
2 1, 190, 511 



'5,685 
2 899,886 



167,052,240 



134,853,454 



77,780 
32,198,786 



79,541 

858,276 

19.666,302 

57,247 

265,115 

14,794,328 

59,778 

593,161 

4,871,974 

NA 

NA 

NA 

14,406 

178,942 

2,050,463 

6,124 

185,755 

1,225,984 



7,790 

254,137 

1,853,665 

431,974 

NA 
NA 
MA 
HA 
NA 
MA 



NA 




NA 


,871 




11,798 


,691 




30,205 


NA 




48,555 


NA 


12 


176,942 


NA 


9 


180,265 


NA 




NA 


NA 




HA 


NA 




MA 


NA 




HA 


NA 




NA 


NA 




NA 



NA 

NA 

2,946 

310,312 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



'91,840 
'111,656,707 

'1,216 

76,547 

6,354,371,655 

! 109, 442, 306 

7,955 

5,142,994 

2 1, 140, 267 



3 13,184 
2 1,074, 134 



11,540 

329,091 

2,407,315 

577,756 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
12,192 
24,852 



246,244,535 



13,000 

411,223 

2,940,972 

1,076,493 

NA 

HA 

HA 

HA 



NA 
HA 
NA 
MA 
9,868 
18,241 



71,736 

9,194,145 

10,606,501 

NA 

NA 

NA 

HA 

HA 

NA 

99,929 

76,173,626 

28,789,424 



NA 

8,348 

166,721 



'109,700 
'168,091,055 

'1,532 

83,891 

5,869,537,247 

159,414,175 

HA 

!A 

4,126,450 



'24,759 
'4,550,430 



370,970 
2,699,164 
1,174,698 
NA 
NA 
HA 
HA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
HA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
37,341 



NA 
4,754,115,355 

A 



NA 
MA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
!!A 
NA 
NA 
MA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



16,083 

469,526 

3,350,824 

1,976,986 

HA 
NA 
HA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



47,938 
90,368 



76,508 

4,105,159 

4,067,469 

NA 

NA 

MA 



133,808 
40,455,153 
20,185,619 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



HA 
'174,155,050 

NA 

94,263 

4,929,192,787 

159,005,454 

NA 

NA 

6,170,616 



'52,429 

8,978,980 



NA Not available. 
'All dairy products sold. 

2 Published values for 1945 and 1940 were computed on the basis of average. prices, 
products sold. 
'Butter sold. 



For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal the enumerated value of all dairy 



NEW YORK 



11 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All fauns number ■ 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres . , 
Total value of crops harvested, 
including horticultural specialties 
and forest products dollars . . 

Total value of crops sold, including 
horticultural specialties and 
forest products dollars. . 

Com: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

value, dollars . . 

Harvested for grain. .. .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Cut for silage farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

tons, green weight.. 

Hogged or grazed, or cut for 

green or dry fodder. . .farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Sorghums: 

Sorghums for all 

purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
value, dollars . . 
Harvested for grain 

or seed farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Cut for silage farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tons, green weight.. 
Hogged or grazed, or cut for 

dry forage or hay farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tons cut . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Harvested for sirup. .. .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

gallons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Small grains harvested: 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Oats farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Barley farms reporting, . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Rye farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Buckwheat farms reporting . . 

acres.. 

bushels . . 

value, dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

Other grains farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value , dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 
dollars . . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



82,356 

75,830 

5,032,671 



375,786.626 



201,063,111 



38,304 

622,964 

42,451,842 

18,622 

218,647 

12,255,959 

5,916 

5,092,755 

6,213,160 

29,015 

396,046 

4,001,716 

1,553 
8,271 



NA 

4,249 

235,495 



87 
1,990 
1 
6 4,910 
347 
3,779 
36,396 

47 

383 

1,345 



1 

(Z) 

3 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



105,714 

94,968 

5,546,506 



397,538,050 



207,036,308 



53,236 

712,693 

51,444,332 

23,329 

234,722 

11,262,597 

5,727 

3,867,845 

5,995,160 

37,305 

458,522 

3,849,779 

3,835 
19,449 



60 

470 

26,019 

6 

71 

2,008 

NA 

1,125 

54 

399 

2,901 



1950 
(April 1) 



16,236 


26,618 


241,986 


336,072 


7,259,656 


10,327,911 


12,704,398 


22,308,288 


13,942 


19,918 


6,537,296 


8,639,470 


11,440,272 


18,661,252 


38,160 


46,292 


612,834 


645,481 


32,386,104 


23,165,380 


23,641,856 


19,227,265 


7,929 


6,207 


5,793,372 


2,900,014 


4,229,162 


2,407,011 


2,640 


3,706 


24,883 


30,309 


744,927 


939,549 


730,028 


1,024,108 


909 


890 


291,852 


276,311 


286,017 


301,178 


1,179 


1,823 


13,114 


17,083 


308,131 


352,830 


338,944 


423,396 


684 


805 


a2,913 


217,169 


234,209 


260,603 


1,842 


4,920 


17,870 


40,353 


291,449 


700,730 


320,594 


700,730 


892 


1,620 


198,494 


387,983 


218,344 


387,983 


499 


NA 


7,559 


73,346 


361,573 


2,607,514 


307,337 


2,474,492 


49 


NA 


28,711 


124,434 


24,406 


117,779 



124,977 

114,003 

5,791,673 



349,386,934 



164,152,371 



62,023 

623,532 

39,096,670 

29,021 

163,045 

7,703,216 

3 2,459 

753,717 

3 1, 030,754 

40,925 

437,278 

4,015,979 

6,297 
23,209 



11 

87 
4,864 



9 
83 
598 

2 
4 

4 



HA 

385,274 

10,337,917 

18,511,972 

NA 

6,921,061 

NA 

45,823 

563,728 

16,220,320 

12,490,949 

4,035 

1,287,723 

NA 

3,318 

25,085 

620,765 

679,554 

556 

144,797 

NA 

1,652 

16,013 

295,038 

413,052 

701 

150,355 

NA 

8,491 

73,578 

1,542,535 

1,417,002 

3,076 

716,511 

NA 

NA 

130,722 

3,881,551 

3,454,858 

NA 

179,877 

NA 



1945 
(January 1) 



149,490 

140,324 

6,921,549 



359,202,570 



77,108 

690,068 

32,480,423 

26,407 

136,983 

4,865,106 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



385 

1,660 

73,158 

12 
68 
1,503 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

330,998 

8,578,310 

13,206,873 

NA 

NA 

NA 

52,457 

568,319 

17,176,070 

14,058,252 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,221 

28,901 

729,865 

848,109 

NA 

NA 

NA 



1,507 

10,958 

177,543 

218,957 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 



1940 
(April 1) 



153,238 

145,270 

6,581,296 



183,368,788 



75,364,956 



92,458 

683,644 

25,477,692 

45,081 

187, 613 

6,859,795 

NA 

NA 

NA 

46,708 

433,200 

3,845,355 

18,558 
62,831 



352 

1,339 

26,127 



71 
NA 
NA 
63 
375 
2,698 

287 

960 

1,925 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

270,395 

6,543,906 

5,361,753 

NA 

NA 



61,401 

626,234 

19,490,828 

8,171,145 

NA 

NA 

NA 

8,609 

61,897 

1,432,322 

769,227 

NA 

NA 

NA 

2,877 

19,539 

333,929 

199,532 

NA 

NA 

NA 

16,679 

133,305 

1,956,050 

1,234,693 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

199,281 

6,248,250 

2,971,339 

NA 

NA 

NA 



1935 
(January 1) 



177,025 

172,301 

7,388,398 



108,091 

698,360 

NA 

44,324 

167,638 

5,752,393 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 



NA 

1,149 

13,206 

10 
34 
597 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



261,428 

4,679,883 

4,683,256 

NA 

NA 

NA 

66,781 

622,787 

16,916,379 

9,473,172 

NA 

NA 

NA 

10,169 

59,567 

1,296,093 

920,226 

NA 

NA 

NA 

3,730 

24,448 

332,084 

278,951 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

228,508 

6,310,975 

3,912,861 

NA 

NA 

NA 



1930 
(April 1) 



159,806 

154,864 

6,958,936 



96,300,314 



89,491 

557,873 

NA 

30,091 

110,694 

4,283,820 

NA 

NA 

NA 

40,834 

340,063 

2,923,935 

NA 
107,116 



260 

854 

17,347 

38 
219 
3,448 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

238,874 

3,817,648 

4,731,535 

NA 

NA 

NA 

61,523 

558,462 

12,775,284 

7,224,714 

NA 

NA 

NA 

13,233 

75,934 

1,548,560 

1,186,647 

NA 

NA 



2,907 

19,273 

288,938 

301,192 

NA 

NA 

NA 

26,053 

171,044 

2,452,508 

2,416,235 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

258,156 

6,156,615 

4,713,668 

NA 

NA 

NA 



1925 
(January 1) 



188,754 

NA 

8,290,335 



109,883 

652,716 

NA 

43,346 

166, 697 

6,081,326 

NA 

NA 

NA 

44,570 

359,633 

3,174,740 

NA 



927 
NA 

NA 
175 
3,792 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

313,792 

5,841,393 

8,693,910 

NA 

NA 

NA 

98,080 

869,166 

28,829,906 

17,008,137 

NA 

NA 

NA 

16,468 

86,070 

2,590,852 

2,503,151 

NA 

NA 

NA 



5,705 

35,851 

539,919 

646,638 

NA 

NA 

NA 

39,334 

217,819 

4,294,815 

4,533,437 

NA 

NA 

NA 



1920 
(January 1) 



193,195 

NA 

2 8,147,816 



NA 

NA 

NA 

81,930 

320,325 

14,109,202 

4,143 

592,067 

1,036,117 

NA 

NA 

NA 

'49,086 
*177,833 



NA 
1,742 
50,140 

5 41 
137 
2,404 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

543 

1,601 

4,567 

NA 

NA 

8 

4 

218 

NA 

NA 



NA 

463,461 

9,136,268 

20,556,621 

NA 

NA 

NA 

114,390 

937,553 

21,595,461 

21,595,461 

4,293 

622,031 

622,031 

24,840 

116,109 

2,273,011 

3,295,871 

1,801 

195,576 

283,585 

17,491 

115,661 

1,520,552 

2,660,972 

NA 

NA 

NA 

53,061 

217,946 

3,901,481 

6,242,370 

NA 

NA 

NA 



NA 

128,795 

3,125,608 

3,753,878 

NA 

NA 

NA 



12 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



Annual legumes: 

Soybeans grown for all 

purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 

Harvested for beans ... .farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels . 

value , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Hogged or grazed, or cut 

for silage farms reporting . 

acres . 
value, dollars. 

Plowed under for green 

manure farms reporting . 

acres . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres . 

100-lb. bags. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Dry field and seed peas 

harvested for peas farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Hay crops (see text): 

Land from which hay was cut 11 acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 
and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons . . 

value , dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

dollars . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of 
clover and grasses cut 
for hay farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

tons. . 

value , dollars . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
dollars . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 
grains cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

tons. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons., 
dollars . . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

tons. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons . . 
dollars . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, 
alfalfa, clover, or 
small grains farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

tons, green weight.. 

value, dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



417 
4,508 

158 

2,178 

39,283 

71,888 

57,353 

17 

123 

350 

7,175 

361 



233 

2,081 
39,539 



21 

126 



3,590 
86,104 
859,996 

10,061,953 

10,010,354 



3 

44 
1,080 
2,700 

2,700 



2,965,281 

29,374 

904,874 

2,016,751 

47,393,649 

4,699 
195,997 



42,125 
1,534,818 
2,548,073 
52,235,497 

6,272 

219,381 

4,497,325 

4,886 

37,712 

68,800 

1,410,400 

132 

1,864 

38,221 

12,283 

349,820 

494,573 

8,655,028 

1,772 
49,678 
869,380 

8,388 

138,057 

875,138 

5,469,613 



829 
10,862 

541 

8,504 

94,038 

225,691 

117,360 

54 

310 

504 

12,096 

849 



166 
1,240 

42,160 



97 

808 



6,857 

125,482 

1,180,865 

10,745,872 

10,638,415 



25 

198 

3,308 

7,443 



6,699 



3,104,478 

32,146 

820,333 

1,733,581 

44,206,316 

3,880 
119,722 

3,052,907 



57,766 
1,845,201 
3,096,043 
65,016,903 

5,707 

160,525 

3,371,025 

4,516 

32,102 

45,606 

912,120 

54 

773 

15,460 

12,540 

283,698 

387,587 

6,976,566 

962 

21,113 
380,034 



8,530 

123,144 

763,125 

4,960,312 



956 
7,261 

471 
4,282 

75,577 

155,719 

NA 

158 

610 

1,036 

23,828 

NA 



247 

1,785 

53,550 



108 
584 



11,406 

165,575 

1,646,307 

11,324,624 

NA 



636 

3,767 

46,345 

150,620 

NA 



"3,247,529 

20,410 

327,238 

608,180 

19,097,184 

NA 



79,164 

2,305,847 

3,152,485 

86,170,528 

NA 
NA 



NA 

"105,531 

62,667 

"2,724,030 

NA 
NA 
NA 

21,140 

463,013 

499,602 

12,497,202 

NA 
NA 
NA 



3,739 

51,931 

264,675 

1,903,048 



2,207 
14,804 

1,247 

9,937 

148,016 

303,439 

NA 

872 

4,466 

7,764 

141,461 

NA 



9,493 

111,232 

875,353 

5,793,419 

NA 



214 
1,574 
20,447 
71,570 

NA 



12 4,047,794 

25,818 

432,632 

858,033 

20,594,637 

NA 
NA 

NA 



88,961 

2,635,109 

3,757,168 

78,082,721 

NA 
NA 



NA 

"84,815 

16,045 

12 2, 104,794 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

895,238 

1,046,438 

17,492,427 

NA 



2,885 
18,186 

1,253 

7,525 

97,373 

112,899 

NA 

837 

6,721 

9,413 

116,441 

NA 



'14,037 

'134,677 

1,263,074 

4,253,118 

NA 



'185 
'1,067 
14,808 
44,424 

NA 



12 3,710,485 

28,157 

331,670 

566,442 

9,030,496 

NA 
NA 



97,153 

2,363,199 

2,850,941 

36,750,329 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

12 116,199 

81,122 

12 1,620,005 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

893,739 

877,756 

10,127,863 

NA 
NA 



"464 

"5,678 

"28,694 

"153,230 



1,050 

5, as 

205 

NA 

11,768 

20,006 

NA 

7,377 

73,465 

43,628 

711,136 

NA 



18,099 
"146,456 
1,203,127 
4,110,683 

NA 



"4, 229,959 

26,600 

290,333 

461,044 

8,529,314 

NA 
NA 



130,485 

3,290,808 

3,060,405 

48,660,440 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

"144,590 

80,462 

"1, 239,115 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

504,228 

404,183 

6,124,288 

NA 



469 
3,241 

NA 

NA 

3,781 

9,266 

NA 

535 

5,452 

6,441 

92,707 

NA 



14,136 

"101,973 

719,193 

5,008,865 

NA 



2 4, 168,511 

21,113 

190,075 

360,164 

5,905,507 

NA 
NA 

NA 



NA 
3,314,045 
4,225,443 
50,814,545 

NA 



NA 

"116,455 

65,824 

"813,577 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

547,936 

497,102 

5,389,487 

NA 
NA 



NA 

1,846 

NA 



20,084 
154,233 

NA 
NA 



NA 



893 


NA 


"6,042 


NA 


41,116 


NA 


133,630 


NA 



2 5, 100,273 

20,926 
198,031 

NA 
NA 

NA 



NA 
3,961,627 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

"114,697 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
825,918 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 



NEW YORK 13 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of— 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 

(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Field seed crops harvested: 

Alfalfa seed farms reporting . 

acres. 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Bluegrass (June grass) 

seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Bromegrass seed farms reporting . 

acres . 

pounds. 

value , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Clover seed: 

Alsifce clover seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Red clover seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Sweetclover seed farms reporting . 

acres . 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

White clover seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Fescue seed farms reporting . 

acres . 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Millet seed.. farms reporting. 

acres . 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Ryegrass seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Sudangrass seed farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds . 

value , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Timothy seed farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Seles dollars . 

Vetch seed farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Other field seed crops acres . 

value, dollars. 
Sales dollars . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



288 
2,530 
3,676 
58,816 

47,136 

393 

5,858 

380,224 

342,202 

289,375 



1 

50 

2,500 

150 

150 

5 

26 

4,120 

742 

666 



4 

41 

2,530 

455 

419 

1,006 

12,363 

20,548 

287,672 

215,762 

3 

99 

12,180 

1,096 

1,091 

4 

56 

6,715 

2,887 

2,854 

1 

400 

24,000 

3,600 

3,582 

43 

299 

203,575 

20,358 

19,928 

11 

139 

57,783 

5,200 

5,003 

12 

42 

24,210 

968 

873 

727 

7,884 

27,341 

150,376 

143,182 

6 

13 

1,800 

180 

30 

75 
2,997 

2,877 



139 

1,076 

842 

23,246 

13,949 

428 

6,373 

467,536 

514,290 

385,718 



60 

10 

37 

4,860 

535 

374 



77 

3,838 

883 

529 

1,351 

15,736 

17,345 

426,687 

277,350 

7 

40 

4,400 

484 

291 

1 

6 

720 

446 



13 

67 

27,830 

1,392 

974 

9 

63 

26,349 

3,425 

2,399 

15 

71 

15,544 

1,399 

980 

576 

4,690 

14,908 

IX, 170 

93,922 

1 

17 

3,000 

480 

336 

243 
4,367 

2,867 



309 
2,089 
1,977 
53,377 

NA 

93 
1,594 

101,210 
182,178 

NA 



20 

168 

12,130 

4,367 

NA 

1,060 

10,769 

11,936 

349,724 

NA 

11 

77 
11,070 
1,661 

NA 



NA 

19 

64 

10,751 

430 

NA 

2 

62 

31,000 

4,650 

NA 



41 
7,170 

574 

NA 

213 

1,360 

2,886 

35,065 

NA 

1 

28 

1,300 

195 

NA 

117 
6,982 



372 
2,691 
2,217 
62,076 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

650 

6,639 

8,180 

174,080 

NA 



599 
4,244 
4,610 
51,629 

NA 

2 

32 

2,500 

2,500 

NA 



753 
4,957 



"4,927 

"43,847 

NA 

148 

1,237 

239,280 

12,559 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
26,821 

NA 



42 

166 

254 

3,740 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


HA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


"1,058 


NA 


"9,824 


NA 


15 16,326 


NA 


"198,687 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

"216 

"1,483 

6 1,884,750 

"68,414 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

350 
2,123 
2,988 
9,286 

NA 

1 

20 

420 

172 



NA 
NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

678 

NA 

5,202 

174,278 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

94 

NA 

6 273,700 

16,422 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

754 

NA 

7,974 

55,422 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 



14 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



,1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



Other field crops harvested: 

Hops fanos reporting. . 

acreB . . 

pounds.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Irish potatoes for home use or 

for Bale farms reporting . . 

acres 17 

hundredweight . . 

value, dollars. . 

Sales dollars . . 

Popcorn farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

pounds ear corn.. 

value , dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Root and grain crops hogged or 
grazed, except corn, sorghums, 

and soybeans farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
value, dollars.. 

Sunflower seed farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Sweet corn for seed farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Other field crops acres . . 

value, dollars.. 
Sales dollars . . 

Value of specified crops harvested, 
except fruits, nuts, horticultural 
specialties, and vegetables dollars.. 

Value of crops sold, except fruits, 
nuts, horticultural specialties, 
and vegetables dollars . . 

Vegetables for home use and for sale 
(other than Irish and sweet potatoes): 
Vegetables harvested for 

home use 20 farms reporting . . 

value, dollars.. 

Vegetables harvested for 

sale 21 farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Sales dollars . . 

Asparagus farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Beans, green lima farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Beans, snap (bush and 

pole types) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Beet6 (table) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Broccoli farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Brussels sprouts farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Cabbage farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cantaloups and 

muskmelons farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Carrots farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Cauliflower farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Celery farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Chinese cabbage farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Collards farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



1 

14 

21,000 

10,500 

10,244 



8,840 

82,208 

16^033,750 

32,869,188 

29,181,423 

43 

27 

68,194 

2,700 

2,700 



5 

58 

1,044 

6 

30 

459 

1,033 

980 

3 

76 

104,120 

17,600 

17,600 



13 
2,593 
1,205 



239,860,293 



72,679,200 



48,610 
NA 



8,010 

174,573 

35,891,360 

423 
490 

353 
1,204 



1,692 
50,325 



882 
4,731 



345 
2,639 



126 
545 



2,076 
10,467 



1,012 
1,111 



894 
2,137 



779 
5,369 



254 
1,859 



3 

99 

96,784 

58,070 

58,070 



23,558 

87,726 

16,816,730 

33,178,804 

28,046,701 

95 

78 
129,711 
10,377 
10,168 



51 

443 
12,404 

3 

9 

83 

228 

228 



37 
8,900 

1,157 
1,157 

135 
29,349 
23,459 



265,136,382 



74,634,640 



69,345 
NA 



10,893 

184,919 

35,199,618 

612 

779 

650 
4,609 



2,023 
44,977 



1,219 
4,372 



514 
2,128 



129 

441 



3,271 
14,404 



654 

1,094 



1,455 
3,489 



855 
5,841 



315 
2,092 



46 

125 



29 

197 

130,094 

92, 367 

NA 



37,938 

111,833 

16,594,164 

31,282,694 

NA 

316 
259 

486,000 

42,765 

NA 



5 

102 



425 

18 475,469 

NA 



8 242,701,752 



s 61,599,288 



79,605 
NA 



15,919 

206,830 

37,154,197 

783 
1,191 



957 
4,855 



2,512 
35,606 



1,798 
5,323 



385 
708 



250 
553 



4,277 
17,583 



1,179 
1,536 



2,133 
4,356 



1,454 
6,905 



696 
2,425 



76,017 

191,563 

17,265,394 

44,510,575 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 

178,988 

NA 



236,071,925 



49,754,923 



127,856 
12,792,984 



27,176 

276,911 

40,889,095 



4,394 
37,428 



9,061 
35,069 



34 

185 

114,565 

57,283 

NA 



99,875 

188,672 

14,954,953 

19,869,068 

NA 

2,446 

1,092 

2,158,900 

69,391 

NA 



289 

970 

9,702 



228 
285 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

'1,511,479 

NA 



128,074,877 



29,050,479 



120,620 
4,764,940 



25,773 

194,766 

17,206,361 

1,476 
1,813 



1,640 
4,349 



3,531 
13,256 



2,532 
3,998 



163 
324 



313 
596 



30,359 



1,641 
2,368 



3,774 
5,019 



1,987 
6,929 



1,208 
4,023 



131,075 

268,397 

23,039,930 

15,359,954 

NA 

NA 
NA 



17 
7,920 
1,267 



115,606 

212,400 

12,867,262 

32,407,797 

NA 

395 

243 

493,400 

22,194 

NA 



92 
334 

NA 



133 


680 


107,683 


349 


967 


4,980,682 




NA 


35,280 


231 


564 


181,552 




NA 


23,498,869 




NA 


2,057 




NA 


2,082 




NA 


382 




NA 


772 


8 


144 


6,656 


15 


255 


15,591 




NA 


809 




NA 


1,403 




NA 


42 




NA 


65 




NA 


308 




NA 


904 


20 


047 


14,311 


48 


258 


34,300 




NA 


1,339 




NA 


1,324 




NA 


2,233 




tu 


2,643 




NA 


1,165 




NA 


3,226 




NA 


1,749 




:IA 


5,123 




NA 


NA 




NA 


NA 



140,610 

285,586 

23,283,385 

20,921,788 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



15,777 
34,675 



1,428 
1,608 



NEW YORK 15 

State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS:' CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Vegetables lor home use and for sale 
(other than Irish and sweet potatoesr-Contjnued 
Vegetables harvested for sale "—Can. 

Corn, sweet faims reporting. 

acres . 

Cucumbers and pickles. -farms reporting, 
acres. 

Dandelion greens farms reporting . 

acres. 

^Jgplant farms reporting . 

acres . 

Escarole, endive, 

and chicory farms reporting. 

acres. 

Horseradish farms reporting . 

acres . 

Kale farms reporting. 

acres . 

Lettuce and romalne. .. -farms reporting, 
acres . 

Mustard greens farms reporting . 

acres . 

Onions, dry farms reporting. 

acres. 

Onions, green farms reporting. 

acres . 

Parsley farms reporting. 

acres . 

Parsnips farms reporting . 

acres . 

Peas , green farms reporting . 

acres . 

Peppers , sweet farms reporting . 

acres . 

Pumpkins farms reporting . 

acres . 

Radishes farms reporting. 

acres . . 

Rhubarb farms reporting . 

acres . 

Rutabagas farms reporting . 

acres . 
Spinach farms reporting . 

acres . . 

Squash farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Swiss chard farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Tomatoes farms reporting . . 

acres . , 

Turnips farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Watermelons farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Mixed vegetables farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Other vegetables acres . . 



Berries and other small fruits harvested for sale: 
Blackberries and 

dewberries farms reporting . 

acres . 

quarts . 

value, dollars. 

Blueberries (tame) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

quarts . . 

value, dollars.. 

Cranberries farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

quarts . , 

value, dollars.. 

Currants farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

quarts . , 

value, dollars.. 

Raspberries farms reporting . . 

acres . , 

quarts . , 
value, dollars.. 

Strawberries farms reporting . . 

acres . , 

quarts . . 

value, dollars.. 

Other berries and small fruits acres . . 

value, dollars.. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



Census of— 



1959 
( Oct . -Nov . ) 



4,148 
38,984 

1,635 
3,909 

27 
58 

77 
65 

103 
191 

5 

14 

15 
32 

786 
3,733 



1,272 
12,588 

147 
200 

86 
103 

33 
119 

1,219 

10,758 

1,007 
1,020 

526 
835 

193 
394 

131 

172 

22 
39 

393 
2,315 

1,701 
2,521 

72 
60 

3,346 
14,869 

123 
283 

125 

91 

32 
26 



115 

77 

51,820 

17,100 

90 

135 

71,465 

32, 162 

1 

42 

130,000 

11,960 

184 

393 

610,674 

183,202 

1,393 

2,103 

1,556,643 

622,656 

2,412 

3,045 

7,109,744 

2,488,412 

196 

8,049 



1954 

(Oct. -Nov.) 



4,855 
39,438 

1,924 
4,563 

45 
82 

150 
102 

147 
238 

16 

27 

63 
126 

1,053 
4,177 

34 

57 

1,383 
10,344 

165 
186 

106 
130 



1,854 
14,093 

855 
942 

321 

475 

247 
555 

113 
124 

35 
61 

611 
2,563 
1,574 
2,778 

98 
74 

3,891 
18,153 

184 
432 

123 
151 

134 
327 



1950 
(April 1) 



110 

97 

67,379 

22,910 

134 

339 

159,559 

63,825 

3 

101 

443,200 

50,968 

297 

540 

1,293,243 

323,311 

1,805 

3,313 

2,689,539 

1,129,607 

3,006 

3,647 

7,891,559 

2,840,964 

12 

3,056 



6,733 
48,743 

2,525 
4,633 

64 
110 

241 
221 

191 
288 

11 
13 

89 
166 

1,44* 
4,249 

57 
90 

1,971 
12,166 

213 
222 

125 
130 

145 
250 

2,945 
17,983 

1,091 
1,428 

207 
307 

322 
618 

169 

177 

55 

57 

956 
3,335 

1,852 
3,355 

100 
83 

5,950 
26,306 

231 

377 

93 

72 

NA 
NA 



508 
862 

546,870 
175,844 

103 

173 

94,362 

39,633 

1 

50 

163,800 

19,656 

607 

1,340 

1,729,483 

276,717 

2,325 

4,574 

3,507,679 

1,153,185 

3,550 

3,631 

5,039,787 

1,738,772 

27 

9,910 



1945 
{ January 1 ) 



9,085 
54,705 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

6,825 
37,565 

NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

9,356 
34,724 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



1,058 

671 

320,666 

97,071 

254 

1,135 

141,005 

52,149 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 

6,247 

7,914 

5,304,211 

1,961,658 

5,093 
3,494 

4,704,075 

1,756,092 

NA 

NA 



1940 
(April 1) 



8,247 
38,339 

3,619 
5,374 

26 
62 

494 
313 

NA 
118 

17 
36 

31 

97 

1,365 
2,615 



2,488 
11,688 

111 
101 

73 
121 

153 
264 

5,467 
25,819 

1,247 
1,429 

102 
335 

257 
355 

164 
175 

37 
47 

1,220 
3,553 

1,127 
2,205 

39 
32 

8,933 
25,911 

348 
521 

256 

192 

328 
1,782 

180 



1935 
(January 1) 



1,136 

583 

462,912 

57,117 

88 

78 

81,446 

11,006 

13 

111 

176,454 

17,676 

944 

1,209 

1,720,645 

185,463 

9,112 
8,426 

8,991,573 
1,098,065 

10,097 

5,328 

11,008,656 

1,175,791 

1,308 

37,143 



17,067 
42,020 



12,971 
25,557 

NA 

NA 



1930 
(April 1) 



431 
363 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

6,621 

4,571 

6,228,595 

685,145 

NA 

NA 



11,861 
33,146 

6,305 
6,453 

NA 
NA 

50 
53 



2,527 
5,254 

NA 
NA 

3,388 
7,535 

131 

81 

48 
64 

79 
91 

8,220 
29,381 

"413 
23 390 

53 
96 

90 
164 

72 
72 

NA 
NA 

1,639 
2,747 

488 
569 

NA 
NA 

9,774 
18,031 

352 
356 

204 
189 

2,714 
8,477 



3,284 

1,198 

787,669 

138,820 

66 

356 

65,887 

9,884 

5 

3 

1,190 

172 

1,853 

1,306 

2,469,941 

330,776 

12,484 

7,837 

7,173,706 

1,281,422 

11,994 

4,727 

7,883,204 

1,438,634 

266 

12,501 



1925 

(January 1} 



13,460 
34,021 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 

2,477 
5,492 

NA 

NA 

3,812 
7,908 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

8,114 

14,525 

NA 
NA 

207 
146 

NA 
NA 



1920 
(January 1) 



10,681 
28,965 

5,793 
4,840 

NA 
NA 

66 

36 



33 
77 

22 
46 

1,991 
3,392 

NA 
NA 

5,490 
7,500 

42 
28 

84 
92 

173 
149 

6,386 

17,440 

297 
183 

141 
160 

174 
149 

181 
208 

22 

16 

203 
524 

690 
381 

NA 
NA 

9,388 
13,417 

479 
446 

307 
201 

1,694 
5,862 



NA 


5,334 


NA 


1,880 


NA 


1,711,546 


NA 


376, 541 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


76 


NA 


186 


NA 


106,850 


NA 


16,031 


NA 


4,144 


NA 


2,671 


NA 


3,321,583 


NA 


597,887 


NA 


17,402 


NA 


10,344 


NA 


11, 632, 591 


NA 


2,908,155 


5,933 


15,237 


5,430 


4,872 


NA 


8,579,563 


NA 


1,973,304 


NA 


459 


NA 


79,587 



16 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 8.-FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



(For definition? and explanations, see lest) 



Census of — 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 

Land In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees farms reporting . 

acres . 

Apples farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 
value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Cherries farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Cherries, sour farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. 

Quantity harvested . .farms reporting. 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Cherries, sweet farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number. 

Quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 

pounds . 

value , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Grapes farms reporting . 

Vines of all ages number . 

Vines not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Vines of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds . 
value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Peaches farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 
value , dollars . 

Sales dollars . 

Pears farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 
value, dollars. 

Sales : . . . .dollars . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,856 
155,384 

6,930 
3,260,439 

2,444 
706,005 

6,430 
2,554,434 

4,924 
18,616,772 
25,132,642 

24,201,807 

NA 
1,140,532 

NA 
188,659 

NA 

951,873 

NA 

48,635,196 

3,236,847 

3,236,847 

3,068 
970,601 

833 
143,692 

2,779 

826,909 

2,138 

38,010,703 

2,280,641 

2,280,641 

2,512 

169,931 

766 
44,967 

2,187 
124,964 

1,583 

10,624,493 

956,206 

956,206 

4,157 
19,840,688 

839 
1,206,031 

3,909 

18,634,657 

3,513 

161,934,600 
9,716,081 

9,716,081 

2,963 
567,894 

1,079 
111,196 

2,499 
456,698 

1,982 

693,011 

1,801,828 

1,801,828 

3,609 
442,537 

1,081 
123,408 



3,082 
319,129 

2,082 
584,395 

1,344,110 

1,344,110 



14,477 
174,446 

10,750 

3,494,701 

3,881 
560,429 

9,468 
2,934,272 

6,055 
18,371,352 
32,149,866 

32,149,866 



NA 
214,153 

NA 

970,825 

NA 

53,061,047 

6,288,681 

6,288,681 

4,685 

1,005,202 

1,579 
180,299 

3,839 

824,903 

2,876 

44,021,645 
4,842,379 

4,842,379 

3,608 
179,776 

1,163 
33,854 

2,889 
145,922 

1,988 
9,039,402 
1,446,302 

1,446,302 

5,953 
19,524,618 

1,391 
1,360,553 

5,351 

18,164,065 

4,629 

157,545,413 

7,877,272 

7,877,272 

4,965 
939,759 

1,915 
144,580 

3,967 
795,179 

2,798 
1,039,502 
2,338,879 

2,338,879 

5,333 
411,859 

1,741 
71,086 

4,271 
340,773 

2,272 
295,244 
841,443 

841,443 



47,523 
"226,334 

38,025 
4,975,665 

11,392 
719,195 

32,862 

4,256,470 

25,104 

16,874,911 

17,864,767 

NA 



1,350,960 

NA 
344,194 

NA 

1,006,766 

NA 

30,536,631 

3,329,218 

NA 

11,382 
1,157,451 

4,078 
301,850 

8,466 

855,601 

5,901 

25,021,617 

2,785,877 

NA 

7,667 
193,509 

2,769 
42,344 

5,461 

151,165 

3,621 

5,515,014 

543,341 

NA 

14,421 
21,619,428 

3,458 
1,627,476 

11,752 

19,991,952 

9,242 

67,737,456 

3,303,567 

NA 

11,728 
1,278,007 

5,225 
266,794 

8,234 
1,011,213 

6,166 
1,234,380 
1,979,049 

NA 

16,894 
693,880 

5,170 
108,713 

13,250 

585,167 

9,500 

479,289 

728,809 

NA 



34,008 
280,309 



53,531 
6,573,889 



NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

14,812,448 

25,421,699 

NA 

20,516 
1,315,588 

NA 
NA 



NA 

37,858,469 
3,708,506 



18,644 
24,416,596 



NA 

NA 

NA 

97,734,223 

4,792,209 

NA 

13,795 
1,702,655 

NA 
NA 



NA 
1,422,480 
3,777,803 



26,512 
,194,732 



NA 

NA 

NA 

1,163,108 

2,713,645 

NA 



39,439 
287,622 



61,540 
6,581,561 

13,694 

1,204,430 

57,290 

5,377,131 

50,027 

19,732,173 

9,502,441 

NA 

21,339 

1,195,041 

5,748 
229,896 

17,877 
965,145 

13,615 

48,819,518 

969,967 

NA 

17,595 

1,028,639 

NA 
171,139 

NA 
857,500 

NA 

44,847,004 

777,587 

NA 

9,334 
166,402 

NA 
58,757 

NA 
107,645 

NA 

3,972,514 

192,380 

NA 

16,823 
25,421,129 

2,303 
1,022,691 

15,253 

24,398,438 

13,653 

113,680,299 

2,034,407 

NA 

12,863 

1,900,578 

5,453 
603,490 

9,563 
1,297,088 

8,128 
1,728,862 
1,307,623 

NA 

25,101 
1,256,567 

4,866 
131,436 

21,947 

1,125,131 

18,191 

1,025,707 

884,136 

NA 



74,243 
401,024 



98,655 
9,099,088 



NA 

7,683,831 



13,555,726 
14,911,299 



43,420 
1,399,869 

NA 
249,198 

NA 
1,150,671 

NA 

41,259,568 

1,178,845 

NA 

NA 



28,008 
32,316,698 

NA 
610,382 

NA 

31,706,316 

NA 

121,575,850 

1,823,638 

NA 

16,074 
2,142,782 

NA 
440,392 

NA 

1,702,390 

NA 

98,288 

211,319 

NA 

54,818 
2,284,417 

NA 
219,048 

NA 
2,065,369 

NA 
1,442,934 
1,226,494 

NA 



76,913 
412,144 

105,127 
10,301,710 

NA 
2,017,203 

NA 
8,284,507 

NA 
13,991,729 
15,267,922 

NA 

33,142 
1,227,779 

NA 
352,026 

NA 

875,753 

NA 

29,329,664 

1,958,831 

NA 



26,226 
38,496,859 



1,214,745 

NA 

37,282,114 

NA 

154,409,640 

3,359,333 

NA 

18,968 
2,469,219 

NA 
785,698 



1,683,521 

NA 

1,044,534 

1,747,498 

NA 



47, 568 
2,450,272 

NA 
382,684 

NA 
2,067,588 

NA 

701,237 

1,238,438 

NA 



147,816 
11,890,817 

NA 
2,422,156 

NA 
9,468,661 

NA 
19,055,965 
19,771,600 

NA 



52,963 

34,874,038 



27,385 
3,297,454 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

1,954,480 

3,023,366 

NA 

81,559 
3,331,601 



NEW YORK 17 

State Table 8. -FARMS REPORTING, ACREAGE, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND SALES OF CROPS: 1 CENSUSES OF 

1920 TO 1959 -Continued 



Item 
{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes -Continued 

Plums and prunes f anus reporting . 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Sales dollars . 

Quinces farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. 

number. 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . , 

number . , 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . , 

bushels . , 

value , dollars . , 

Sales dollars . . 

Chestnuts farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number . , 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . , 

number . , 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . 

pounds . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Walnuts, black 

(planted) farms reporting . . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Trees of bearing 

age farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

pounds . . 

value, dollars.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Other tree fruits and 

nuts value, dollars . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Value of fruits, including berries and other 
small fruits, and nuts harvested dollars.. 

Value of fruits. Including berries and other 
small fruits, and nuts sold dollars.. 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



2,505 
246,661 

700 
48,751 

2,135 
197,910 

1,281 
181,123 
543,369 
543,369 

426 
15,880 

70 
2,075 

369 
13,805 

178 
19,626 
47,102 
47,102 



1,821 

54 
1,627 

43 
194 

20 
594 
119 
119 



234 
3,614 

69 
2,716 

182 
898 
92 
8,151 
326 
326 



1,235 
1,235 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov.) 



45,187,200 



4,064 
304,142 

1,326 
47,361 

3,165 

256,781 

1,393 

168,149 
420,370 
420,370 

254 
25,187 

54 
3,601 

207 
21,586 

133 
30,347 
63,728 
63,728 

123 
3,017 

93 
1,814 

39 

1,203 

8 

729 

183 

183 



275 
2,517 

117 
1,238 

186 

1,279 

88 

7,292 

365 

365 



1,176 
1,176 



1950 
(April 1) 



54,416,604 



44,256,365 54,416,604 



11,302 
415,601 

4,083 
93,990 

8,150 
321,611 

4,650 

238,466 

496,564 

NA 

522 
42,566 

141 
4,348 

406 
38,218 

234 

32,887 

44,397 

NA 

56 
4,590 

42 
2,518 

18 

2,072 

6 

1,330 

266 

NA 



551 
4,122 

143 
1,233 

411 

2,889 

244 

25,461 

1,271 

NA 



1,564 
NA 



27,031,090 



1945 
(January 1) 



15,280 
433,021 

NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
152,427 
591,822 
NA 

NA 



35,755,257 



1940 

(April 1) 



15,446 
419,818 

4,376 
133,583 

12,235 

286,235 

8,356 

152,497 

185,476 

NA 

618 
60,058 

136 
8,621 

507 
51,437 

387 

40,754 

38,808 

NA 

2 
306 

NA 
256 

NA 

50 

1 

50 



1 
10 

1 
5 

1 

5 

1 

150 

15 

NA 



1,423 
NA 



13,373,153 



1935 
(January 1) 



33,551 
504,085 

NA 
64,195 

NA 
439,890 

NA 
225, 117 
303,908 

NA 

NA 



NA 



1930 
(April 1) 



34,622 
535,739 

NA 
81,163 

NA 
454,576 

NA 
214,437 
325,347 

NA 

1,556 
69,779 

NA 
8,727 

NA 
61,052 

NA 
47,869 
55,015 

NA 



NA 



1925 
(January 1) 



66,400 
974,982 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



tli 



1920 

(January 1) 



NA 

951,591 

15,396 
205,702 

51,615 

745,889 

NA 

244,294 

659,598 

NA 

NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA 
NA 



NA 

NA 



NA 
NA 



NA Not available. Z Reported in small fractions. 1 Figures for cropland harvested and specified crops relate to the crop years 1959, 1954, 1949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 
1924, and 1919. 2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the 
acreage of corn harvested for grain. Value of corn and other corn products sold. 4 Corn cut for forage. 'Farms reporting only sorghums for grain. 6 Includes value of 
sales for sorghums cut for silage. 7 The 1944 and 1939 figures do not Include acres plowed under for green manure. The 1944 figures are for acres grown alone. 8 For 1944, 
soybeans and cowpeas harvested for hay. Prior to 1944, annual legumes saved for hay but excluding vetches In 1924. 'Excludes reports for farms reporting acreage grown for all 
purposes with no production. Acres harvested for beans or peas not available. Includes acres grown alone and acres grown with other crops for all purposes. Acres harvested 
for beans or peas not available. 11 For all Censuses, except 1950, obtained by adding the Individual hay crops. 12 Includes oats cut for feeding unthreshed. 13 Silage 
crops other than corn and sorghums. 14 Clover seed, except sweetclover. Clover seed, including sweetclover. 16 Includes proso millet. 'For 1959, does not include 
acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested; for 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested; for 1949, does not include acreage 
for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. ia Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing privileges. 19 Includes the value of maple sirup and maple sugar produced. 

Excludes Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes, except for the 1920 Census which included potatoes for home use only. 2l Excludes Irish and sweet potatoes. Green lima beans 
included with snap beans. 23 Includes hot peppers. 2 *For Censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. For 1959 and 1954, does not include 
data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. See text. 26 Does not Include acreage for farms reporting less than l/2 acre. See text. 



18 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1959 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1959 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1954 
(Oct. -Nov. ) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 

(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs, grown for sate: 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower 
and vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, 

and bulbs sold farms reporting . 

dollars. 
On farms with sales of 

52,000 or more farms reporting . 

dollars . 
Nursery products (t/ees, shrubs, 

vines, ornamentals, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Sales dollars. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist 
greens, and bedding plants farms reporting . 

Grown under glass farms reporting . 

square feet . 

Grown in the open farms reporting . 

acres. 
Sales .dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, 
bulbs, and mushrooms farms reporting. 

Grown under glass or in house farms reporting . 

square feet . 

Grown in the open farms reporting . 

acres. 
Sales dollars . 

Any forest products cut and/or sold farms reporting . 

Sales of any forest products farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Sales of standing timber farms reporting . 

dollars. 

Sales of all other forest products farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Sales of firewood, pulpwood, fence posts, sawlogs, 

veneer logs, and Christmas fees farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Sales of other miscellaneous 

products farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting . 

cords (4* X 4' x 8') . 

Sales farms reporting . 

cords (4* X 4' X 8'). 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting. 

cords (4' X4* X8'). 

Fence posts cut. farms reporting . 

number. 

Sales farms reporting. 

number . 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet . 

Sales farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet. 

Christmas trees sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Maple sirup made farms reporting. 

gallons . 

Buckets hung farms reporting . 

number . 

Maple sugar made farms reporting . 

pounds . 



2,814 
42,103,892 

1,474 
41,194,487 

948 

12,859 

11,730,518 



1,878 

1,516 

17,694,176 

773 

2,432 
24,931,653 



793 

662 

6,275,795 

164 

755 

5,441,721 

22,929 

'6,078 
6,132,294 

2,601 
1,910,865 

'4,333 
4,221,429 



4,244 
2,814,483 



'196 
1,406,946 



16,780 
382,786 



1,583 
44,809 



748 
32,370 



7,870 
1,863,528 



666 
304,830 



2,637 
23,672 



1,138 
16,166 



2,682 
315,103 



2,682 
1,455,638 



NA 
37,757,778 

NA 
HA 

839 
7,596 

8,737,835 



1,853 

1,466 

17,717,496 

904 

1,913 
23,570,655 



955 

751 
5,828,306 

306 

1,633 

5,449,288 



NA 



10 6,209 
5,027,668 



34,189 
800,467 



21,622 
5,331,104 



i3 9,032 
3 76,009 



4,636 
396,804 



"4,655 
14 1,616,307 



448 
36,944 



NA 
NA 

768 

7,161 

6,186,559 



3 1,961 

3 1,538 

3 16,228,423 

3 1,005 

3 3,332 

3 23, 537,742 



1,127 

936 

6,103,044 

360 

1,558 

4,761,669 

NA 

NA 
3,881,826 

1,981 
1,017,691 

NA 
2,864,135 



4,439 
1,718,101 



1,053 
1,146,034 



40,870 
947,823 



21,114 
4,182,671 



9,092 
52,914 



6,905 
399,646 

14 7,097 
"2,114,010 

636 

36,283 



'2,262 

'20, 729, 540 



10,757 
3,846,372 

MA 

NA 



2,731 
13,336,509 



549 

6,890 

3,575,448 



NA 

*1,827 

'20,114,360 

NA 

NA 

'8,635,559 



NA 

NA 

NA 

7 1,246 

7 3,063 

'1,125,502 

NA 

16,067 
2,479,536 



8,980 
800,410 



14 9,042 
14 3,146,970 



1,421 
131,219 



"27,155 
J 2, 943, 644 



2,463 
15,328,296 



NA 


2 1,043 


NA 


>IA 


NA 


2 6,900,438 


NA 


NA 


NA 


=1,850 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


NA 


'8,427,858 



lz 36,564 
2 6, 629, 674 



89,064 
1,839,030 



30,283 
5,629,259 



10,384 
115,293 



NA 


10,382 


NA 


612,580 


NA 


14 10,485 


NA 


NA 


NA 


2,475 


NA 


297,871 



105,818 
1,904,322 



NA Not available. 1 Excludes data for farms unclassified as to type. 2 Trees, plants, vines, etc., in nurseries; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 'Flowers and 

flowering plants grown for sale. *Crops grown under glass (flowers, plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. 'Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass; 

and flowers grown in the open. 6 Total square feet under glass. ^Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown in the open. 8 Value of flower and 

vegetable seeds; and vegetables and vegetable plants and mushrooms. 'Excludes farms reporting only sales of maple sirup. l! T)oes not include farms reporting only maple 

sirup and/or maple sugar sold. lx Not strictly comparable with other years as figures probably include some reports of firewood used on farms. 12 Does not include value of 

sales of maple sirup and maple sugar. l3 Figures include sales of standing timber. 14 Maple trees tapped. 



NEW YORK 



19 



State Table 10.— CHARACTERISTICS OF PLACES NOT COUNTED AS FARMS BECAUSE OF CHANGE IN 

DEFINITION OF FARM: 1959 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Places excluded as farms by change in definition , 19541959 number 

acres in place 

Cropland harvested flares reporting 

acres 

Under 10 acres places reporting 

10 or more acres places reporting 

Operators by tenure: 

Full owners number 

Part owners and managers number 

Tenants number 

Operators by color: 

White number 

Nonwhite number 

Operators by year began operation of present place: 

1959 operators reporting 

1 958 operators reporting 

1957 operators reporting 

1956 operators reporting 

1951-1955 operators reporting 

1950 or earlier .operators reporting 

Operators by age: 

Under 55 years operators reporting 

55 to 64 years operators reporting 

65 or more years operators reporti ng 

Operators not reporting age number 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Operators by days of work off place in 1959: 

No days operators reporting 

1 to 49 days operators reporting 

50 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

Operators not reporting number 

Operators reporting other income of family exceeding 
value of farm products sold operators reporting 

Cattle and calves of all ages places reporting 

number 

Cows, including heifers that have calved places reporting 

number 

Hogs and pigs places reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over places reporting 

number 

Com harvested for all purposes places reporting 

acres 

Hay harvested places reporting 

acres 



3,668 
127,184 
1,508 
5,156 
1,468 
40 

3,341 
126 
201 



3,652 
16 



182 
173 
214 
193 
757 
2,067 

2,123 

674 
866 

5 



902 
94 
94 

148 

2,415 

15 



3,332 

2,236 
4,587 
1,568 
1,738 

750 
1,868 

1,774 
78,226 

177 
362 

932 
3,288 



State Table 11.— DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Census of 1959 
Census starting date— October 28 


New York 


Census of 1954 
Census starting date — October 25 


New York 




Nov. 8-Nov. 14 
Percent 

(2) 
(Z) 
8 
12 
25 
24 
17 
7 
5 
1 

(z) 
(z) 






Percent of farms enumerated during— 


Percent of famis enumerated during— 


Ptrceni 

(Z) 






1 






12 






26 






18 






17 






13 






6 






5 






2 






(z) 






(z) 







Z Less than 0.5. 



20 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 12.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON FARMS AND BY QUANTITY 
OF LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for cattle and calves on hand, cows on hand, milk cows on hand, and animals sold alive are based on report? for only a sample of farms. See toxlj 



(For definitions and explanations, see toxl) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand famn 



5 to 4. 
5 to9. 



10 to 49 

10 to 19 

20 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 or more 

100 to 199 . . 

200 to 499 . . 

500 or more . 



Cows on hand, including heifers that have calved. 



1 

2 

3 or 4 

5to9 

10 to 14 

15 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 49 

50 to74 

75 to 99 

100 to 199.. 
200 to 499.. 
500 or more . 



Milk cows on hand. . 



3or4 

5 to9 

10 to 14 

15 to 19 

20 to 29 

30to49 

50to74 

75 to 99 ... . 
100 to 199 . . 
200 to 499 . . 
500 or more . 



Cattle sold alive, excluding calves . 



lro4 

5to9 

10 to 19 

20to29 

30 to 39 

40 to 49 

50 to 99 ... . 
100 to 199 . . 
200 or more . 



Calves sold alive. . 



Ito4 

5to9 

10 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 39 

40to49 

50 to 99 

100 or more . . . 

100 to 199.. 

200 or more . 



Hogs and pigs of all ages on hand . 



1 to!) 

10to24 

25to49 

50to99 

100 to 199.... 
200 to 499.... 
500 to 990.... 
1,000 or more . 



Litters farrowed, December 1, previous year, 
to November 30, Census year 



10 or more 

10 to 19 

20 to 39 

40 to 69.... 

70 to 99 

100 or more. 



reporting. . 
number. . 

* reporting . . 
5 reporting . . 
3 reporting. . 
3 reporting. . 
3 reporting. . 
i reporting.. 

* reporting. . 
3 reporting., 
s reporting.. 
5 reporting. . 
5 reporting. . 

j reporting . . 
number . . 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting, . 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 

reporting., 
number . . 
reporting. . 
reporting . . 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting, 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting, , 
reporting., 
reporting . , 
reporting. 

reporting. 
number. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 

reporting, 
number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



arms reporting. . 
number. . 
'amis reporting. , 
'arms reporting. , 
'arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting , . 
s reporting. . 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting. 



arms reporting., 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting . . 
arms reporting. , 
'arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting, 
am.s reporting. 
'arms reporting, 
anus reporting. 
'arms reporting. 



60,273 

2,075,243 

1,642 

5,662 

5,782 

33,171 

8,690 

24,481 

11,865 

2,151 

1,930 

207 

14 

56,079 

1,253,862 

5,027 

3,612 

3,186 

4,377 

5,344 

6,274 

12,017 

11,889 

3,379 

563 

385 

25 

1 

53,575 

1,206,337 

4,916 

3,399 

2,776 

3,837 

5,066 

6,094 

11,751 

11,613 

3,227 

533 

340 

23 



40,743 

266,425 

23,529 

10,347 

4,676 

1,206 

401 

203 

267 

85 

29 

48,847 

758,326 

8,548 

9,533 

15,992 

8,699 

3,398 

1,507 

1,046 

124 

112 

12 

15,491 

165,927 

12,560 

1,662 

646 

356 

157 

90 

16 

4 

3,996 

1,090 

782 

407 

352 

180 

215 

110 

125 

66 

669 

412 

169 

61 

15 

12 



79,449 

2,254,551 

3,553 

9,926 

8,561 

44,777 

NA 

HA 

11,081 

1,551 

NA 

NA 

NA 

74,670 

1,354,110 

8,730 

5,296 

4,853 

7,481 

8,869 

9,622 

15,464 

11,155 

2,463 

440 

264 

32 

1 

72,121 

1,305,808 

8,376 

5,146 

4,633 

6,846 

8,704 

9,406 

15,180 

10,837 

2,337 

405 

251 



47,861 

270,896 

30,738 

10,973 

4,416 

886 

303 

205 

253 

38 

49 

61,044 

789,762 

16,309 

14,831 

17,761 

7,579 

2,674 

1,084 

704 

102 

NA 

NA 

22,966 
163,764 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

5,380 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
MA 



Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

1 to4 farms reporting . 

5to9 farms reporting. 

10 to 19 farms reporting . 

20 to 29 farms reporting . 

30 to 39 farms reporting . 

40 to 49 farms reporting. 

50 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 to 199 farms reporting . 

200 or more farms reporting. 

200 to 499 farms reporting . 

500 to 999 farms reporting . 

1,000 or more farms reporting . 



Sheep and lambs of all ages on hand. 



Under 25 

25 to 99 

100 to 299 

300 to 999 

1,000 to 1,999. 
2,000 to 4,999. 
5,000 or more. . 



Wool shorn {excluding lambs wool) . 



I'nder 1,000 pounds 

1,000 to 2,499 pounds . . . 
2.500 to 4,999 pounds ... 
5,000 to 9,999 pounds . . . 
10,000 to 19,999 pounds . 
20,000 to 49,999 pounds . 
50,000 or more counds . . . 



Chickens 4 months old and over on hand . 



I'nder 50 

50 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 799 

800 to 1,599 

1,600 to 3,199... 
3,200 or more 

3.200 to 6,399 . 

6,400 or more. . 



Broilers (chickens) sold . 



I'nder 2,000 

2,000 to 3,999 
4,000 to 7, 999... 
9,000 to 15,999.. 
16.000 to 29,999. 
30,000 to 59,999 . 
60,000 to 99,999 . 
100,000 or more. . 



Chickens (other than broilers) sold . 



I'nder 50 

50 to 99 

100 to 399 ... . 
400 to 799 ... . 
SOI) to 1,599... 
1, Cry) to 3,199. 
3,200 to 6,399 . 
6,400 to 9,999. 
10,000 or more. 



Chicken eggs sold . 



t nder 100 dozens 

100 to 399 dozens 

400 to 799 dozens 

HOOto 1.599 dozens 

1,600 to 1,999 dozens 

2,000 to 4,999 dozens 

5,000 or more dozens 

5,000 lo 9,999 dozens . . . 

10.000 to 19,999 dozens . 

20,000 to 49,999 dozens . 

50,000 or more dozens . . . 



Turkeys raised . 



I'nder 50 ... . 
50 to 399 ... . 
too to 799 ... 
BOO to 1.599. . 



l.f 



)or n 



1,600 to 3,199.. 
3.200 to 9,999 . . 
10,000 or more. . 



arms reporting, 
number, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
amis reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporti ng . 

arms reporting, 
pounds . 
'arms reporti ng . 
; reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
amis reporting, 
arms reporting. 



3 reporting 
number 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
s reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 
3 reporting 



arms reporting, 
number, 
arms reporting, 
amis reporting . 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
amis reporting. 
arms reporting, 
amis reporting, 
i reporting. 

arms reporting, 
number, 
amis reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
amis reporting . 
arms reporting, 
amis reporting, 
amis reporting, 
amis reporting, 
'amis reporting. 



3 reporting, 
dozens . 
5 reporting. 
s reporting. 
5 reporting. 
s reporting, 
s renorting. 
3 reporting. 
a reporting. 
s reporting . 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting. 
. reporting 



reporting, 
number, 
reporting, 
reporti ng . 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporti ng . 
reporting, 
reporting. 



4,925 

155,880 

1,381 

759 

1,028 

519 

279 

201 

399 

211 

148 

119 

28 

1 

4,414 

188,566 

2,552 

1,409 

376 

73 

3 

1 



3,524 

927,669 

3,389 

123 

11 

1 



31,832 

10,611,028 

16,804 

4,858 

5,835 

1,747 

1,135 

750 

703 

450 

253 

423 
11,186,895 
43 
54 
44 
79 
78 
81 
29 
15 

13,433 

7,021,106 

3,524 

2,681 

4,236 

1,287 

860 

495 

222 

42 

86 

16,970 

116,505,998 

2,145 

3,693 

2,150 

2,549 

440 

2,353 

3,640 

1,316 

964 

845 

515 

933 

806,760 

619 

165 

41 

28 

80 

27 

35 

18 



7,611 

148,790 

2,567 

1,362 

1,784 

672 

402 

247 

359 

98 

120 

NA 

NA 

NA 

4,802 
194,314 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



54,645 

12,371,134 

25,849 

8,983 

12,601 

3,707 

2,056 

1,026 

423 

NA 

NA 

1,153 

11,331,309 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 

NA 



19,223 
7,967,325 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



29,968 

114,851,652 

3,781 

7,113 

4,255 

4,396 

812 

4,438 

5,173 

NA 

NA 

NA 

NA 

2,742 

923,537 

NA 

NA 

NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 
NA 



NA Not available. 



NEW YORK 



21 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, peaches, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text') 



CORN 

Acres harvested for all purposes farms reporting., 

acres.. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting., 

30 to -49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting.. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting.. 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Acres harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 acres farms reporting . . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting.. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting . . 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Corn sold farms reporting.. 

bushels.. 

Under 100 bushels farms reporting., 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporti ng . , 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting., 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting., 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting., 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting., 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 

WHEAT 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting. 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting. 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 



38,304 




53,407 


622,964 




727,419 


6,055 




11,198 


9,230 
2,835 


} 


18,639 


6,741 




9,104 


2,695 




3,420 


3,489 




3,840 


1,968 
3,607 


} 


5,507 


1,148 




1,177 


291 




290 


155 




175 


43 




24 


30 




27 


10 




4 


2 




1 


5 




1 


18,622 




23,335 


218,647 




240,919 


,255,959 




11,717,971 


6,143 




9,014 


5,194 
1,328 


} 


7,889 


2,123 




2,293 


767 




843 


1,021 




1,175 


511 




535 


1,007 




1,004 


345 




380 


69 




134 


64 




46 


28 




6 


14 




16 



5,916 


5,994 


5,092,755 


3,934,620 


316 


326 


2,487 


3,120 


1,565 


1,358 


682 


556 


294 


253 


302 


216 


178 


99 


64 


55 


28 


11 


16,762 


26,989 


248,031 


341,339 


2,207 


5,255 


3,888 


7,865 


4,625 


-| 


1,633 
1,019 


\ 10,921 


1,128 


J 


722 
1,102 


} 2,392 


373 


483 


56 


70 



16,762 


26,989 


7,493,387 


10,399,782 


80 
105 


J 470 


466 


975 


1,397 


2,756 


2,808 
6,807 


\ 16,335 


3,565 


4,483 


934 


1,201 


298 


383 


193 


295 


93 


81 


15 


8 


1 


2 


14,537 


20,266 


6,793,111 


8,714,972 


70 


90 


255 


375 


760 


1,095 


8,928 


13,407 


3,096 


3,598 


881 


1,042 


277 


356 


165 


221 


92 


73 


12 


7 


1 


2 



OATS 

Acres harvested farms reporting., 

acres. , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting., 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting., 

15 acres farms reporting., 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . , 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting., 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting., 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting., 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . , 

300 or more acres farms reporting., 

Quantity harvested farms reporting., 

bushels., 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting., 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting., 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting., 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . , 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting., 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . , 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

Quantity sold ■ farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 or more bushels farms reporting. 

BARLEY 

Acres harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 ac res farms reporti ng . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels. 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting.. 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting., 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting., 

3,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 

Quantity sold farms reporting., 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. , 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting., 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting., 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting., 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting., 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting., 

3,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 



39,545 
630,455 

4,628 
9,998 
8,194 
2,021 
3,215 
4,247 
1,989 
3,986 

1,177 

83 

4 

2 

1 

39,545 
33,731,236 

130 

70 

380 

1,271 

3,341 

11,047 

10,962 

5,777 

2,867 

2,360 

1,102 

216 

22 

8,117 
5,636,111 

40 

110 

216 

3,844 

2,135 

881 
366 
295 

191 
30 



2,706 
26,372 

773 
954 
556 
87 
86 
102 

53 

60 

24 

6 

5 

2,706 
795,658 

60 
35 
160 
440 
600 
927 

375 
78 

13 
13 
5 

878 
291,635 

10 
25 
91 
573 

148 
13 

12 



See footnotes at end of table. 



22 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, peaches, and forest products are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text J 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Item 
(lor definitions and explanations, s<*e text) 



RYE 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14- acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting . 

250 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels.. 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting . 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting., 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting., 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting., 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting., 

5,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 

Quantity sold farms reporting., 

bushels., 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting., 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting., 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting., 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting . , 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting.. 

5,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 

BUCKWHEAT 

Acres harvested farms reporting., 

ac res . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting., 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting.. 

15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 or more acres farms reporting, . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels . , 

Under 20 bushels farms reporting., 

20 to 24 bushels farms reporting., 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting., 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . , 

100 to 199 bushels farms reporting., 

200 to 499 bushels farms reporting., 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting., 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting., 

2,000 or more bushels farms reporting., 

Quantity sold farms reporting., 

bushels . , 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting., 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . , 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . , 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting . , 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting., 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting., 

1,500 or more bushels farms reporting., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,334 


1,708 


16,049 


15,465 


493 


707 


305 


551 


233 


1 


60 

23 


> 344 


67 


J 


29 

77 


| 79 


43 


12 


1 


14 


2 

1 


} 


1,334 


1,708 


372,921 


331,012 


35 
5 


} 


161 


205 


276 


448 


297 
371 


} 795 


108 


103 


58 


8 


16 


12 


2 


10 


3 


2 


2 




792 


785 


255,906 


201,374 


25 


30 


55 


70 


146 


131 


424 


459 


82 


66 


44 


11 


11 


12 


2 


4 


2 


2 


1 





1,792 
16,792 


4,839 
39,558 


580 


1,911 


578 


1,552 


304 


"1 


36 
90 


> 1,143 


76 


J 


40 
82 


> 173 


5 


60 


1 




1,792 
280,733 


4,839 
654,595 


150 
30 


I 545 


200 


690 


466 


1,225 


449 
400 


1 2,196 


81 


154 


11 


16 


5 


12 




1 


952 
199,578 


1,551 
353,541 


40 


20 


55 


105 


195 


180 


580 


1,136 


67 


96 


10 


8 


5 


6 



DRY FIELD AND SEED BEANS 

Acres harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres .farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres. ............ , .farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 or more acres farms reporting. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

100- lb. bags. 

Under 20 bags farms reporting. 

20 to 24 bags farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bags farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bags farms reporting. 

100 to 199 bags farms reporting. 

200 to 499 bags farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bags farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bags farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bags farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bags farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bags farms reporting. 

5,000 or more bags farms reporting. 

ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES CUT FOR HAY 
AND FOR DEHYDRATING 

Acres harvested farms reporting., 

acres. , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting., 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 acres ....farms reporting., 

15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting., 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting., 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting., 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . , 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting., 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting . , 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting., 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting., 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. , 

tons. , 

Under 20 tons farms reporting., 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting., 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . , 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . , 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting., 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 tons farms reporting.. 

2,000 or more tons farms reporting., 

Quantity sold farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 tons farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 tons farms reporting.. 

2,000 or more tons farms reporting.. 

CLOVER, TIMOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF CLOVER 
AND GRASSES CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting.. 

15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting.. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 



3,521 
86,748 

375 

731 

576 

180 

190 

406 

170 

509 

297 

51 

17 

2 

11 



3,521 
883,881 

180 

80 

365 

726 

929 

875 

236 

73 

28 

12 

11 

6 



30,514 
939,924 

2,241 
3,938 
3,984 
1,334 
1,436 
3,096 
2,062 
6,384 
4,888 
1,048 
77 



30,514 
2,119,960 

6,688 

2,286 

6,378 

7,634 

5,607 

1,826 

89 

3 

2 

1 

4,716 

187,204 

2,388 

1,111 

792 

414 
9 

1 
1 



42,485 
1,549,590 

2,186 

4,449 

4,655 

1,618 

1,554 

4,219 

2,885 

9,701 

8,701 

2,299 

161 

30 

26 

1 



NEW YORK 



23 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, In9h potatoes, apples, peaches, and forest products are based on reports for only a' sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



CLOVER, TIM3THY, AND MIXTURES OF CLOVER 
AND GRASSES CUT FOR HAY— Continued 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

tons. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting. 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting . 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting . 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting. 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting, 

1,000 or more tons farms reporting. 

Quantity sold farms reporting. 

tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons.. farms reporting., 

100 to 499 tons farms reporting. 

500 or more tons farms reporting.. 



OATS, WHEAT, BARLEY, RYE, OR OTHER SMALL 
GRAINS CUT FOR HAY 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

aeres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting. 

15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres... farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. , 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting., 

300 or more acres farms reporting., 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. , 

tons.. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting., 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting., 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting., 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting., 

200 or more tons farms reporting. , 

Quantity sold. farms reporting.. 

tons., 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 or more tons farms reporting . 

OTHER HAY CUT 

Acres harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting . 

15 acres farms reporting . , 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. , 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 or more acres. farms reporting. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting., 

tons., 

Under 20 tons farms reporting., 

20 to 24 tons farms reporting., 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting,, 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . , 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting., 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting., 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting. , 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting., 

1,500 or more tons farms reporting., 

Quantity sold farms reporting. , 

tons. , 

Under 25 tons farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting . , 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . , 

100 to 499 tons farms reporting . , 

500 or more tons farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



42,485 




58,227 


597,046 




3,111,621 


9,853 
3,021 


} 


19,785 


9,597 




13,036 


11,404 




15,932 


6,831 
1,697 


} 


9,422 


82 




49 
3 


6,404 




5,982 


223,607 




173,533 


3,589 




3,527 


1,447 




1,419 


865 




762 


502 




273 


1 




1 



,,!.;,! 


4,618 


7,688 


33,606 


1,880 


2,135 


1,855 


1,445 


826 


1 


127 
86 


> 845 


139 


J 


51 

60 


} 130 


22 


57 


1 


6 



5,048 


4,618 


67,998 


46,619 


3,940 
424 


} "1,245 


506 


236 


144 


105 


33 


) 


122 


61 


1,205 


1,107 


111 


40 


11 


15 




6 



12,329 
332,506 

1,437 

1,870 

1,773 

600 

440 

1,382 

748 

2,103 

1,515 

418 

39 

1 

2 

1 

12,329 
487,719 

5,183 

1,125 

2,584 

2,284 

894 

247 

11 



1,855 

52,847 

1,235 
300 
211 
108 

1 



12,735 
282,237 



2,056 
2,098 



4,321 



2,797 

1,220 
232 

9 

2 



12,735 
393,614 



7,543 

2,573 

1,865 

752 
2 



979 
24,154 

641 
207 
101 
30 



GRASS SILAGE MADE FROM GRASSES, ALFALFA, 
CLOVER, OR SMALL GRAINS 

Acres harvested farms reporting.. 

ac res . , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 acres farms reporting.. 

15 acres farms reporting.. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting , , 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . , 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

tons, green weight.. 

Under 20 tons farms reporting.. 

20 to 24 tons , farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting., 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 tons farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 tons farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 tons farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 tons farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 tons farms reporting.. 

2,000 or more tons farms reporting,. 

IRISH POTATOES 
Acres harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 1 , 
hundredweight. . 

Under 1 acre. farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
hundredwei ght . . 

1,0 to 1.9 acres farms reporting.. 

ac res . . 
hundredweight . . 

2.0 to 2.9 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
hundredweight . . 

3,0 to 4,9 acres farms reporting., 

acres.. 
hundredwei ght . . 

5,0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting.. 

ac res . . 

hundredweight . . 

10,0 to 24.9 acres farms reporting.. 

acres., 
hundredweight . . 

25.0 to 49.9 acres farms reporting.. 

acres,. 

hundredweight. . 

50 or more acres farms reporting., 

acres., 
hundredweight . . 

VEGETABLES HARVESTED FOR SALE 
(Other than Irish and sweet potatoes) 

Value of sales farms reporting.. 

dollars . , 

Under $20 farms reporting. . 

$20 to $24., farms reporting.. 

$25 to $49 farms reporting,. 

$50 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,499 farms reporting.. 

$1,500 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $2,999 farms reporting.. 

$3,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

LAND IN BEARING AND NONBEARING FRUIT ORCHARDS, GROVES, 
VINEYARDS, AND PLANTED NUT TREES 2 

Acres in orchards ..farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Under 0.5 acre farms reporting.. 

0.5 to 0.9 acre farms reporting,, 

1.0 to 1.4 acres farms reporting.. 

1.5 acres farms reporting., 

1.6 to 1.9 acres farms reporting.. 

2,0 to 2.4 acres farms reporting., 

2.5 to 2.9 acres farms reporting... 

3.0 to 4.9 acres farms reporting.. 

5,0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting.. 

10.0 to 19.9 acres farms reporting,,. 

20.0 to 24,9 acres farms reporting.., 

25,0 to 29.9 acres farms reporting.., 

30.0 to 49.9 acres farms reporting.., 

50,0 to 99.9 acres farms reporting.., 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . , 



8,947 




8,824 


149,697 




124,900 


918 




1,217 


2,354 




2,740 


2,028 


1 




574 

405 


J 


3,692 


1,023 


J 




393 
840 


} 


878 


333 




244 


79 




38 
15 


8,947 




8,824 


972,449 




809,037 


603 

440 


) 


1,326 


1,633 




1,764 


2,770 




2,824 


2,226 
1,086 


} 


2,828 


170 




63 


19 




11 
7 

1 



8,840 

82,208 

16,033,750 

5,844 

940 

100,788 

939 

1,006 

85,702 

336 
694 
79,363 
281 
968 
143,695 

296 

1,952 

319,032 

292 

4,433 

817,384 

303 

12,649 

2,656,943 

549 

59,566 

11,830,843 



23,558 

87,726 

16,816,730 

18,029 
2,175 

239,557 
2,237 
2,482 

171,282 

608 

1,258 

111,097 

660 

2,280 

271,419 

575 

3,733 

593,260 

507 

7,593 

1,377,072 

399 

13,845 

2,822,072 

543 

54,360 

11,230,971 



8,276 




11,196 


38,647,411 




36,992,479 


261 

75 


} 


365 


345 




415 


486 




750 


760 
1,330 


} 


3,189 


1,052 




1,541 


661 




949 


462 




681 


574 




922 


658 




907 


723 




676 


889 




801 



10,352 
180,893 


14,787 
133,402 


418 


691 


670 

1,086 


1,387 


210 
25 


> 4,140 


981 


J 


125 
1,284 


} 2,150 


1,755 


2,171 


1,315 


1,890 


445 
334 


[• 703 


745 


762 


638 


596 


321 


297 



24 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, peaches, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



(Tor definitions and explanations, see text! 



APPLES 2 

Any apples '. farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages..... number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number... 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

Farms classified by number of trees of bearing age: 

No trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Nonbearing trees number.. . 

Less than 20 trees of bearing age.... farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number ... 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

20 to 99 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

100 to 199 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

200 to 499 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . ■ . 

500 to 999 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number... 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels. .. 

1,000 or more trees of bearing age. ..farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number... 

Trees of bearing age. farms reporting... 

number... 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels. .. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6,930 


10,750 


3,260,439 


3,494,701 


2,444 


3,881 


706,005 


560,429 


6,430 


9,468 


2,554,-434 


2,934,272 


4,924 


6,055 


18,616,772 


18,371,352 


471 


1,282 


38,213 


93,666 


1,322 


2,196 


19,513 


36,510 


382 


776 


8,235 


12,671 


1,294 


2,196 


11,278 


23,839 


846 


1,196 


16,147 


28,096 


2,272 


3,354 


108,470 


152,737 


334 


513 


21,277 


23,168 


2,272 


3,354 


87,193 


129,569 


1,555 


1,822 


209,109 


221,332 


690 


1,038 


108,588 


159,619 


143 


208 


19,898 


27,050 


689 


1,038 


88,690 


132,569 


504 


647 


420,425 


524,748 


910 


1,345 


341,352 


457,888 


327 


380 


66,586 


59,121 


910 


1,345 


274,766 


398,767 


790 


987 


1,815,680 


2,237,433 


544 


737 


456,171 


573,054 


285 


312 


86,113 


81,860 


544 


737 


370,058 


491,194 


517 


646 


2,704,533 


3,337,559 


721 


798 


2,188,132 


2,021,227 


502 


410 


465,683 


262,893 


721 


798 


1,722,449 


1,758,334 


712 


757 


13,450,878 


12,022,184 



PEACHES" 1 

Any peaches farms reporti ng . . . 

Trees of all ages number. . . 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

Farms classified by number of trees of bearing age: 

No trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Nonbearing trees number. . . 

Less than 20 trees of bearing age... farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels... 

20 to 99 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting . . . 

bushels . . . 

100 to 199 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

200 to 499 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number.. . 

Trees of bearing age ....farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

500 to 999 trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . . 

bushels... 

1,000 or more trees of bearing age.. farms reporting... 

Trees of all ages number... 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting... 

bushels... 



2,963 
567,894 

1,079 
111,196 

2,499 
456,698 

1,982 
693,011 

464 
28,487 

1,012 
8,035 
204 
2,556 
1,012 
5,479 

659 

6,101 

570 
33,170 

130 
6,927 

570 
26,243 

481 
33,492 

284 

46,129 

84 

10,459 

284 
35,670 

252 
47,030 

391 
132,490 

108 
20,345 

391 
112,145 

359 
160,756 

144 

112,125 

50 

18,773 

144 

93,352 

136 
156,350 

98 
207,458 

39 
23,649 

98 
183,809 

95 
289,282 



NEW YORK 



25 



State Table 13.-FARMS REPORTING CLASSIFIED BY ACRES HARVESTED, QUANTITY HARVESTED, 
AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SELECTED CROPS: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

[Data for all crops except com, Irish potatoes, apples, peaches, and forest products are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see U?xl) 



GRAPES* 

Any grapes farms reporting . , 

Vines not of bearing age farms reporting., 

number of vines., 

Under 5 vines farms reporting., 

5 to 9 vines farms reporting., 

10 to l«i vines farms reporting., 

15 vines farms reporting., 

16 to 19 vines farms reporting. , 

20 to 24 vines farms reporting., 

25 to 29 vines farms reporting., 

30 to 49 vines farms reporting., 

50 to 99 vines farms reporting., 

100 to 199 vines farms reporting., 

200 to 249 vines farms reporting. , 

250 to 299 vines farms reporting. , 

300 to 499 vines farms reporting., 

500 to 999 vines farms reporting., 

1,000 or more vines farms reporting., 

Vines of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number of vines., 

Under 20 vines farms reporting., 

20 to 24 vines farms reporting . , 

25 to 49 vines farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 vines farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 vines farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 vines farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 vines farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 vines farms reporting., 

1,500 to 1,999 vines farms reporting., 

2,000 to 2,999 vines farms reporting.. 

3,000 to 4,999 vines farms reporting., 

5,000 to 9,999 vines farms reporting., 

10,000 or more vines farms reporting. , 

Qiantity harvested farms reporting., 

pounds . , 

Under 25 pounds farms reporting. 

25 to 49 pounds farms reporting. 

50 to 99 pounds .farms reporting. 

100 to 499 pounds farms reporting . 

500 to 999 pounds farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 pounds farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 pounds farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 pounds farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 pounds farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 pounds farms reporting. 

10,000 or more pounds farms reporting. 



4,318 

873 

1,179,435 

135 
60 
50 

5 

5 

35 

15 
25 
20 
42 



25 
126 
315 

4,070 
20,977,393 

742 

70 
72 
71 

95 
204 
265 
245 

187 
331 
655 
526 

607 

3,631 
175,283,535 

180 
115 
111 

210 
50 
76 
51 

91 

221 

356 

2,170 



5,953 

1,391 

1,360,553 

328 
186 



39 
126 
384 

5,351 
18,164,065 



186 

148 



369 
336 

250 
409 
595 
678 
430 

4,629 
157,545,413 

315 
206 

277 

501 
129 



152 
224 
393 
,276 



FOREST PRODUCTS 

Sales of standing timber ...farms reporting.. 

dollars . , 

Under $25 farms reporting.. 

$25 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $299 farms reporting. 

$300 to $999 ...farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting. 

cords (4 , x4'x8')* 

Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting. 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting. 

100 to 499 cords farms reporting. 

500 or more cords farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

cords (4'x4'xS'). 

Pulpwood sold farms reporting. 

cords (4'x4'x8'). 

Under 25 cords farms reporting. 

25 to 49 cords farms reporting. 

50 to 99 cords farms reporting. 

100 to 199 cords farms reporting. 

200 to 499 cords farms reporting. 

500 or more cords farms reporting. 

Fence posts cut farms reporting. 

number. 

Under 100 fence posts farms reporting. 

100 to 499 fence posts farms reporting. 

500 to 999 fence posts farms reporting. 

1,000 to 4,999 fence posts farms reporting. 

5,000 or more fence posts farms reporting. 

Sales farms reporting. 

number. 

Sawlogs and veneer logs sold farms reporting. 

thousands of board feet. 

Under 1,000 board feet farms reporting. 

1,000 to 2,499 board feet farms reporting. 

2,500 to 4,999 board feet farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 board feet farms reporting. 

10,000 to 19,999 board feet farms reporting. 

20,000 to 49,999 board feet farms reporting. 

50,000 to 99,999 board feet farms reporting. 

100,000 or more board feet farms reporting. 

Christmas trees sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Under 100 trees farms reporting. 

100 to 499 trees farms reporting. 

500 to 999 trees farms reporting. 

1,000 to 4,999 trees farms reporting. 

5,000 or more trees farms reporting. 



2,601 




n; 


1,910,865 




m 


26 




NA 


226 




HA 


746 




M 


1,020 




NA 


364 




NA 


175 




NA 


44 




IU 


16,760 


34 


l;-. 


382,786 


800,467 


10,776 




NA 


3,879 




HA 


1,768 




NA 


355 




'..;• 


2 




NA 


1,583 




HA 


44,809 




NA 


748 




NA 


32,370 




NA 


418 




:,'A 


138 




)IA 


105 




NA 


56 




NA 


23 




MA 


8 




NA 


7,870 


21 


622 


1,863,528 


5,331 


104 


1,271 




NA 


5,739 




NA 


639 




NA 


216 




IU 


5 




NA 


666 




NA 


304,830 




m 


1,138 




NA 


16,166 




NA 


50 




IU 


214 




NA 


201 




NA 


252 




NA 


193 




HA 


163 




NA 


44 




NA 


21 




NA 


988 




NA 


260,786 




NA 


471 




NA 


389 




NA 


81 




NA 


40 




NA 


7 




NA 



NA Not available. 

^or 1959, does not include acreage for farms with less than lp hundredweight harvested; for 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. 

2 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



26 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding Uie enumeration. Data are based on reporta for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workers. farms reporting . . 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting . , 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers ...'. farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. . 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting . , 

peTBons. . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month , dollara . . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting. . 

£50 to $84 per month farms reporting . . 

£85 to $109 per month farms reporting. . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

$130 to $169 per monUi farms reporting. . 

£170 to £214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting.. 

£275 to $324 per monUi farms reporting . . 

£325 to $374 per month farms reporting . . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting. . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

£25 to $29 per week farms reporting . . 

$30 to £39 per week farms reporting . . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting . . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting . . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting . . 

£70 to $79 per week farms reporting. . 

£80 to $89 per week farms reporting. . 

£90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

\verage wage rate per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting . . 

£4 per day farms reporting. . 

£5 per day farms reporting. . 

£6 per day farms reporting. . 

$7 per day farms reporting . . 

$8 per day farms reporting. . 

£9 per day farms reporting. . 

£10 per day farms reporting. . 

£11 per day farms reporting. . 

£12 and over per day farms reporting. . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars. . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. . 

£0.55 to SO. 64 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. . 

$0.75 to £0.84 per hour. farms reporting . . 

£0.85 to £0.99 per hour farms reporting. . 

£1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.30 to $L44 per hour farms reporting. . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting.. 

Paid On a piece-WOfk basis farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Petsons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Average earnings per person dollars . . 



Total all farms 



20,544 
46,679 
12,105 
4,510 
2,243 
1,088 
593 

15,849 

28,984 

10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 

7,384 

17,695 

4,754 

1,285 

567 

499 

279 

13,160 
2,689 
4,695 

7,394 

10,929 

219 

169 

808 

1,040 
979 
534 
902 

1,423 

1,042 

457 

117 

92 

8,890 

16,556 

50 

49 

596 

1,093 

465 

1,084 

1,359 

2,024 

1,375 

631 

135 

128 

1,216 

1,896 

8.4 

7.63 

141 

95 

216 

112 

85 

256 

38 

195 

10 

68 

5,126 

11,683 

1.11 

25 

120 

35 

45 

283 

149 

2,940 

938 

111 

480 

972 
5,615 

594 
3,296 
9.28 



27,743 
94,168 
14,534 
5,307 
3,546 
2,412 
1,944 

17,771 

32,970 

11,817 

3,457 

1,612 

632 

253 

14,471 
61,198 
7,079 
2,161 
1,986 
1,727 
1,518 

13,272 
4,499 
9,972 

10,429 

15,038 

245 

142 

960 

2,032 

1,813 

829 

1,997 

1,873 

678 

157 

90 



8,765 

16,399 

54 

43 

551 

1,137 

650 

1,709 

2,170 

1,564 

684 

190 

110 



2,414 

5,602 

8.5 

6.97 

302 

147 

412 

314 

218 

621 

82 

318 



8,053 

27,387 

0.97 

25 

210 

131 

180 

1,497 

759 

4,317 

532 

62 

340 

3,708 
29,742 

NA 
NA 
NA 



Economic class, 1959 



Commercial farms 



19,631 
44,781 
11,398 
4,418 
2,190 
1,050 
575 

15,376 

27,825 

10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 

6,910 

16,956 

4,393 

1,234 

522 

484 

277 

12,721 
2,655 
4,255 

7,156 
10,184 
221 
163 
778 
995 
964 
529 
886 

1,402 

995 

418 

106 

83 

8,680 

16,145 

50 

50 

576 

1,037 

450 

1,063 

1,328 

1,986 

1,363 

621 

134 

122 

1,115 

1,786 

8.5 

7.69 

121 

95 

196 

97 

80 

241 

38 

174 

10 

63 

4,787 

11,166 

1.11 

20 

105 

35 

45 

273 

149 

2,769 

882 

85 

424 

902 
5,500 

569 
3,261 
9.26 



1,858 
12,658 
208 
331 
537 
446 
336 

1,770 
8,522 
316 
359 
513 
411 
171 

718 
4,136 

288 

137 
79 
89 

125 

1,140 
630 



511 

1,558 

239 

227 

7 

16 

29 

1 

32 

122 

176 

92 

10 

26 

1,205 

5,509 

52 

60 

11 
1 

77 
104 
375 
379 
180 

32 

46 

107 

336 

9.1 

9.69 



16 
16 
13 
15 
6 
28 

13 

600 

3,307 

1.15 

5 



17 
34 
377 
92 
9 
66 

125 
1,948 

94 
1,466 
8.67 



5,018 

12,077 

2,190 

1,578 

879 

229 

142 

4,259 

7,523 

2,301 

1,268 

577 

76 

37 

1,676 
4,554 
945 
393 
137 
135 
66 

3,342 
917 
759 

1,865 

2,894 

237 

187 

91 

98 

168 

126 

285 

453 

417 

130 

61 

36 

2,702 

4,584 

53 

51 

45 

187 

103 

274 

480 

820 

479 

212 

52 

50 

269 

480 

8.2 

7.42 

41 

20 

35 

21 

16 

61 

20 

40 

15 

1,106 

2,388 

1.08 

20 
20 
20 
65 
25 
636 
208 
36 
76 

216 
1,731 

165 

935 

11.05 



MA Not available. 



NEW YORK 



27 



State Table 14.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; 
AND BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers end wage rates are for hired persons working tie week preceding die enumeration. DaU are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class, 1959-Continued 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Part-retirement 



Hired workers. farms reporting 

persons 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

3 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular workers (to be employed ISO or more days) . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



'arms reporting 
'arms reporting 
arms reporting 
'arms reporting 
'arms reporting 

'arms reporting 
persons 
'arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
'arms reporting 

arms reporting 
persons 
arms reporting 
arcs reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 

arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 

Paid 00 a monthly basis farms reporting 

persons 

Average hours worked per person per month hours 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



. farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 
.farms reporting 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting 

persons 

Average hours worked per person per week hours 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars 



Under $50 per month . 

$50 to $84 per month 

$85 to $109 per month. . . . 
$110 to $129 per month. . . 
$130 to $169 per month. . . 
$170 to $214 per month. . . 
$215 to $274 per month. . . 
$275 to $324 per month. . . 
$325 to $374 per month. . . 
$375 and over per month. . 



Under $12 per week. . 
$12 to $24 per week . . . 
$25 to $29 per week . . . 
$30 to $39 per week . . . 
$40 to 549 per week . . . 
$50 to $59 per week . . . 
$60 to $69 per week . . . 
$70 to $79 per week . . . 
$80 to $89 per week . . . 
$90 and over per week . 



arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
arms reporting 
reporting 
'arms reporting 
'arms reporting 
reporting 
'arms reporting 
'arms reporting 

Paid Ofl a daily basis farms reporting 



Average hours worked per person per day hours 

Average wage rale per person per day dollars 

Under $4 per day farms reporting 

$4 per day farms reporting 

$5 per day farms reporting 

$6 per day 'arms reporting 

$7 per day farms reporting 

S8 per day farms reporting 

$9 per day farms reporting 

$10 per day farms reporting 

$11 per day farms reporting 

$12 and over per day farms reporting 

Paid on an hourly basis rarms reporting 

persons 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting 

$LO0 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour. farms reporting 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting 



Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting 

persons 
Average earnings per person dollars 



3,893 

5,757 

3,023 

536 

206 

96 

32 

2,711 

3,236 

2,281 

342 

86 

1 

1 

1,432 

2,521 

1,081 

155 

90 

75 

31 

2,461 

250 

1,182 

1,395 
1,581 
190 
112 
235 
376 
201 
126 
125 
189 
105 
38 



1,333 

1,665 

44 

36 

215 

303 

110 

200 

170 

133 

120 

71 

11 

235 

310 

8.1 

7.42 

35 

10 

50 

25 

25 

45 

15 

5 

25 

996 

1,731 

1.10 

10 
30 

5 
55 

30 
541 
170 

30 
125 

180 

470 

100 

220 

6.84 



1,323 

2,020 

921 

247 

115 

40 

743 
890 
626 
92 
25 



660 

,130 

415 

145 

60 

40 

663 
80 
580 

337 

404 

180 

105 

115 

85 

50 

15 

10 

35 

22 

5 



320 
370 
36 
28 
75 
85 
35 
50 
20 
25 
15 
15 



100 

135 

9.5 

8.15 

10 

10 

5 
40 

25 
5 

5 

571 
911 
1.12 



10 

35 

5 

321 

130 

5 

50 

95 
200 

55 
100 
9.05 



165 
459 
79 
30 
30 
21 
5 

79 

116 
53 
15 
U 



107 
343 
46 
11 
30 
15 
5 

58 

21 
86 

40 
55 

191 

228 

5 

5 
5 



48 
142 
47 
51 



6 

6 

4.7 

2.33 

5 



66 

181 
1.18 



5 

5 

16 

20 

5 

15 

20 
75 

10 

20 

7.25 



913 
1,898 

707 
92 
58 
38 
18 

473 
1,159 

378 
41 
23 
13 
18 

474 

739 

361 

51 

45 

15 

2 

439 

34 

440 

238 
745 
183 
263 

30 
45 
15 

5 
16 
21 
47 
39 
11 

9 

210 
411 
39 
39 
20 
56 
15 
21 
31 
38 
12 
10 
1 
6 

101 

lio 

7.3 

6.55 

20 

20 

15 

5 

15 



339 

517 

1.15 

5 

15 



171 
56 
26 
56 

70 
115 

25 
35 

11.00 



620 
770 
525 
65 
25 
5 

280 
315 
250 
25 
5 



355 

455 

295 

30 

30 



265 
15 
340 

142 

157 

171 

156 

25 

35 

15 

15 
15 
U 
15 
5 
6 

'142 

187 

37 

30 

20 

50 

5 

20 

15 

17 

5 

5 



60 

60 

7.6 

7.17 

5 

15 
5 
5 

10 



251 

311 

1.15 

5 

10 



126 
40 
15 
50 

45 
55 

15 

15 

24.00 



217 
357 
162 
20 
20 
15 

122 

142 

107 

10 

5 



105 
215 
65 
20 
5 
15 

112 
10 
95 

36 

46 

195 

214 

5 

5 



15 
6 



51 
51 
45 
45 

5 
10 

11 

15 

5 

5 



40 
45 
6.6 
5.33 
15 



5 
10 



80 
155 

1.13 



45 

10 

10 

5 

25 
60 

10 

20 

1.25 



28 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number of workers end wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, aee text) 



Total all farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other field-crop 



Vegetable 



Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 dBys) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. . 

Paid on a moothly basis farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars. . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting . . 

$50 to $84 per month. farms reporting. . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting . . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

S215 to $274 per month farms reporting. . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting.. 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting.. 

$375 and over per month. farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per week hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars. . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting . . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting.. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting.. 

$30 to 539 per week farms reporting.. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. . 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting. . 

$90 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid On a daily basis farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

Average wage rate per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting.. 

$4 per day farms reporting. . 

$5 per day farms reporting . . 

$6 per day farms reporting . . 

$7 per day farms reporting . . 

$8 per day farms reporting . . 

$9 per day farms reporting. . . 

$10 per day farms reporting. . 

$11 per day farms reporting . . . 

$12 and over per day farms reporting . . , 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting... 

persons. . . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars . . . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting . . . 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting... 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting... 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour. farms reporting. . . 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. . . 

$0. 85 to $0. 99 per hour farms reporting . . . 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting... 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting... 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. . . 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting... 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting... 

persons . . . 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. . . 

persons . . . 
Average earnings per person dollars . . . 

NA Not available. 



20,544 
46,679 
12,105 
4,510 
2,248 
1,088 
593 

15,849 
28,984 
10,406 
3,207 
1,467 
542 
227 

7,384 

17,695 

4,754 

1,285 

567 

499 

279 

13,160 
2,689 
4,695 

7,394 

10,929 

219 

169 

808 

1,040 
979 
534 
902 

1,423 

1,042 

457 

117 

92 

8,890 

16,556 

50 

49 

596 

1,093 

465 

1,084 

1,359 

2,024 

1,375 

631 

135 

128 

1,216 

1,896 

8.4 

7.63 

141 

95 

216 

112 

85 

256 

38 

195 

10 

68 

5,126 

11,683 

1.11 

25 

120 

35 

45 

283 

149 

2,940 

938 

111 

480 

972 
5,615 

594 

3,296 

9.28 



27,743 
94,168 
14,534 
5,307 
3,546 
2,412 
1,944 

17,771 

32,970 

11,817 

3,457 

1,612 

632 

253 

14,471 
61,198 
7,079 
2,161 
1,986 
1,727 
1,518 

13,272 
4,499 
9,972 

10,429 

15,038 

245 

142 

960 

2,032 

1,813 

829 

1,997 

1,873 

678 

157 

90 

8,765 

16,399 

54 

43 

551 

1,137 

650 

1,709 

2,170 

1,564 

684 

190 

110 

2,414 

5,602 

8.5 

6.97 

302 

147 

412 

314 

218 

621 

82 

318 



8,053 

27,387 

0.97 

25 

210 

131 

160 

1,497 

759 

4,317 

532 

62 

340 

3,708 
29,742 

NA 
NA 

NA 



318 
506 
192 
92 
27 
7 

173 
273 
114 
36 
17 



175 

233 

128 

36 

U 



143 

30 

145 

49 

58 

229 

183 

6 

5 
5 

6 
15 

2 
10 



113 

183 

50 

48 

10 



5 

15 

20 

8.0 

9.00 



159 
230 
1.12 



554 

2,356 

91 

137 
146 
129 

51 

404 
1,100 

162 
79 
93 
55 
15 

323 

1,256 

80 

87 

63 



231 
173 
150 

26 
56 

169 
194 

5 
1 



271 

703 

54 

60 



27 
52 
143 
39 
2 
3 

64 

168 

9.4 

9.45 



287 
1,051 
1.04 



10 

10 

205 

56 



57 
378 

26 
299 

9.52 



NEW YORK 



29 



State Table 15.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY TYPE OF 

FARM, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage fates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are basod on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Type of farm-Continued 



Poultry 



Livestock 
ranches 



Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 

and livestock 

ranches 



Miscellaneous 

and 
unclassified 



Hired workers farms 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



reporting, 
persons, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
persons, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
report] ng . 

reporting, 
persons . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

Paid On a monthly basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . 

Average wage rate per person per month dollars . 

Under 550 per month farms reporting. 

S50 to $84 per month farms reporting . 

585 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to 5169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

S325 to $374 per month farms reporting. 

5375 and over per month farms reporting. 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or nore hired workers 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



Paid on a weekly basis farms 



Average hours worked per person per week 

Average wage rate per person per week 

I'nder 512 per week farms 

512 to 524 nor week farms 

S25 to $29 per week farms 

530 to $39 per week farms 

540 to 549 per week farms 

550 to $59 per week Tarnis 

560 to $69 per week farms 

$70 to $79 per w eek farms 

$80 to 589 per week farms 

$90 and over per week farms 

Paid on a daily basis farms 

\verage hours worked per person per day 

Uerage wage rate per person per day 

I'nder $4 per day farms 

54 per day farms 

55 per day farms 

56 per Jay farms 

57 per day farms 

58 per day farms 

59 per day farms 

510 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

512 and over per day farms 



reporting, 
persons. 
. . . hours . 
. .dollars . 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
persons . 
. . . hours . 
. .dollars, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average wage rale per person per hour dollars . 

I'nder SO. 45 per hour farms reporting. 

50.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

50.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

50.65 lo 50.74 per hour farms reporting. 

50.75 lo S0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

50.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

51.00 to 51.14 per hour farms reporting. 

51.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid On 3 piece-work basis farms reporting. 

persons. 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

persons . 
\,erage earnings per person dollars . 



1,216 
6,723 
326 
255 
188 
231 
216 

801 
1,932 
438 
172 
100 
52 
39 

840 
4,791 
185 
176 
133 
178 
168 

376 
425 

415 

210 
328 
195 

176 

5 
15 

15 
31 
62 
60 
10 
6 
6 

299 

722 

49 

55 

5 

10 

5 

25 

26 

121 

60 

25 

5 

17 

65 
190 



737 
,505 



10 
21 
35 
467 
138 
20 
46 

382 
2,978 

265 
1,926 

10.58 



1,144 

2,303 

608 

321 
135 
70 
10 

828 

1,495 

490 

216 

83 

34 

5 

500 
808 
340 
115 
31 
12 
2 

644 

184 
316 

192 
305 
194 
188 

20 
41 
11 
25 
39 
38 
11 
6 
1 

514 
933 
50 
56 
10 
30 



161 
122 
76 
22 

1 

117 

144 

7.1 

6.43 

10 

35 

20 
10 
16 
10 
10 
5 
1 

494 
875 

1.07 

5 
10 
10 
40 

6 

317 

59 

5 
42 

28 
46 

20 

20 

6.25 



13,596 

21,153 

9,088 

3,001 

1,185 

275 

47 

11,123 

16,296 

7,899 

2,177 

830 

198 

19 

3,763 

4,857 

3,060 

547 

105 

41 

10 

9,833 
1,290 
2,473 

6,168 
8,468 
225 
157 
721 
904 
836 
463 
783 
1,211 
766 
343 
77 
64 

6,244 

9,042 

51 

42 

516 

962 

420 

892 

1,024 

1,371 

736 

238 

40 

45 

663 

749 

8.3 

6.33 

106 

85 

140 

57 

53 

133 

6 

43 

5 

35 

1,885 

2,477 

1.06 

10 

95 

20 

15 

135 

25 

1,146 

295 

16 

128 

257 

417 

141 

216 

4.57 



529 

990 

310 

146 

44 

21 

8 

417 
729 
264 
100 
40 
6 
7 

178 

261 

139 

27 

5 



351 
66 
112 

201 

376 

224 

194 

20 

20 

25 

5 

21 

35 

48 

10 

16 

1 

193 
311 
52 
48 
10 
15 
5 
32 
31 
63 
22 
15 



51 

74 

9.7 

6.82 

10 

11 

5 

15 

5 

5 

146 
218 
1.11 



16 

6 

66 

43 

5 
10 

11 

11 

10 

10 

17.00 



601 

2,269 

309 

101 

91 

48 

52 

426 

904 

239 

81 

68 
31 
7 

296 
1,365 

154 
55 
40 
16 
31 

305 

121 
175 

169 
241 
206 
171 
20 
30 
20 
10 
10 
28 
36 
14 



208 
386 
52 
50 
20 

"i 

21 
41 
71 
19 
16 
10 
5 

39 

134 

8.0 

8.31 



245 

543 

1.05 

10 



5 
5 

20 
154 

30 



81 
965 

56 
270 
9.33 



30 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959 

[Figures on number or workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



10 to 49 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . 



Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days). . 



1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers . 



amis reporting, 
persons, 
arms reporting, 
'aims reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

I repotting, 
persons, 
arms reporting . 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting . 
'arms reporting . 
arms reporting. 

'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis .farms reporting 

persons. 

hours . 

dollars. 

.farms reporting. 
• farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
-farms reporting, 
.farm? reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 



Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers . . 



Average hours worked per person per month . 

Average wage rate per person per month .... 

Under $50 per month 

$50 to $84 per month 

$85 to $109 per month 

$110 to $129 per month 

$130 to $169 per month 

$170 to $214 per month 

$215 to $274 per month 

$275 to $324 per month. 

$325 to $374 per montii 

$375 and over per month 



Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

. . . hours . 

. .dollars. 
3 reporting. 
* reporting. 
5 reporting, 
s reporting. 

reporting. 
i reporting. 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting, 
3 reporting. 
3 reporting 



Average hours worked per person per week. . 

Average wage rate per person per week 

Under $12 per week. 

$12 to $24 per week 

$25 to $29 per week 

$30 to $39 per week 

$40 to $49 per week 

$50 to $59 per week 

$60 to $69 per week 

$70 to $79 per week 

$80 to $89 per week 

$90 and over per week 



'arms 
'arms r 
'amis 
'arms r 
'arms r 
'arms n 
arms r 
'amis r 



Paid on a daily basis farms 



Average hours worked per person per day 

Average wage rate per person per day 

Under $4 per day farms 

$4 per day farms 

$5 per day farms 

$6 per day farms 

$7 per day farms 

$8 per day farms 

$9 per day farms 

$10 per day farms 

$11 per day farms 

$12 and over per day farms 

Paid on an hourly basis farms 



reporting 
persons . 
. . . hours . 
. .dollars, 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting, 
reporting 
reporting. 



Average wage rate per person per hour 

Under $0.45 per hour farms 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms 

S0.85 to S0.99 per hour farms 

$1.00 to $1. 14 per hour farms 

$1.15 to $1-29 per hour farms 

$1.30 to $1-44 per hour farms 

$1.45 and over per hour farms 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting 

persons 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting 

persons 
Average earnings per person dollars 

NA Not available. 



reporting 
persons 
.dollars 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 
reporting 



20,544 

46,679 

12,105 

4,510 

2,248 

1,088 

593 

15,849 

28,984 

10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 

7,384 

17,695 

4,754 

1,285 

567 

499 

279 

13,160 
2,689 
4,695 

7,394 

10,929 

219 

169 

808 

1,040 
979 
534 
902 

1,423 

1,042 

457 

117 

92 

8,890 

16,556 

50 

49 

596 

1,093 

465 

1,084 

1,359 

2,024 

1,375 

631 

135 

128 

1,216 

1,896 

8.4 

7.63 

141 

95 

216 

112 

85 

256 

38 

195 

10 

68 

5,126 

11,683 

1.11 

25 

120 

35 

45 

283 

149 

2,940 

938 

111 

480 

972 
5,615 

594 

3,296 

9.28 



27,743 
94,168 
14,534 
5,307 
3,546 
2,412 
1,944 

17,771 

32,970 

11,817 

3,457 

1,612 

632 

253 

14,471 
61, 198 
7,079 
2,161 
1,986 
1,727 
1,518 

13,272 
4,499 
9,972 

10,429 

15,038 

245 

142 

960 

2,032 

1,813 

829 

1,997 

1,873 

678 

157 

90 



8,765 

16,399 

54 

43 

551 

1,137 

650 

1,709 

2,170 

1,564 

684 

190 

110 



2,414 

5,602 

8.5 

6.97 

302 

147 

412 

314 

218 

621 

82 

318 



8,053 

27,387 

0.97 

25 

210 

131 

ISO 

1,497 

759 

4,317 

532 

62 

340 

3,708 
29,742 

NA 
NA 
NA 



804 

2,412 

301 

195 

182 

82 

44 

573 

1,479 

232 

175 

106 

42 

18 

380 
933 

176 

112 

41 

40 

11 

424 
149 
231 



183 
201 



426 

1,184 

44 

67 

10 
5 
10 
49 
61 
114 
128 
21 
28 

65 

115 
7.7 
8.13 



364 
995 
1.42 



10 

10 

5 

121 
96 
15 

107 



1,357 

3,496 

648 

340 

191 
141 
37 

822 

1,832 

463 

208 

87 

41 

23 

715 

1,664 

391 

138 

93 

81 

12 

642 
ISO 
535 

163 

287 

180 

179 

25 

10 

35 

16 

10 

22 

27 

11 

6 



523 

1,218 

48 

56 

20 

50 

10 

35 

56 

126 

126 

64 

27 

9 

133 
186 
8.3 
8.21 

10 

25 
15 
10 

25 



620 
1,506 
1.13 

5 
5 

25 
27 
281 
142 
30 
105 

121 
299 

50 
130 
8.81 



636 

1,769 

326 

118 

86 

68 

38 

356 

704 

251 

48 

26 

28 

3 

361 
1,065 

155 
85 
60 
35 
26 

275 

81 

280 

112 
145 
159 
144 
26 
20 
10 

10 
11 
10 
20 
5 



193 

415 

49 

57 

5 

25 

25 
25 
44 
36 
22 
10 
1 

35 

45 

8.2 

7.56 

5 

5 



279 

784 

1.09 

5 

5 

5 
21 
15 
147 
55 
5 
21 

95 
380 

60 

215 

9.63 



1,120 

2,354 

710 

195 

108 

83 

24 

680 

1,032 

510 

117 

38 

12 

3 

596 
1,322 
326 
127 
77 
56 
10 

524 
156 
440 

304 

384 

177 

144 

60 

50 

47 

40 

15 

35 

36 

21 



311 
487 
45 
46 
35 
40 
20 
36 
35 
71 
36 
21 
5 
12 

102 

170 

8.2 

7.70 

20 

15 
5 

26 
5 

21 

10 

441 

978 

1.11 

5 

15 

5 
30 
15 
242 
86 
11 
32 

115 
335 

65 

185 

10.59 



NEW YORK 



31 



State Table 16.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES, CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954; AND BY SIZE OF FARM, 

CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week preceding the enumeration. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

Regular hired wxjrkers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting . . 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per month hours . . 

Average wage rate per person por nonlh dollars . . 

Under $50 per month farms reporting.. 

S50 to $84 per month farms reporting . . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting . . 

S110 to $129 per month farms reporting. . 

S130 to $169 per month farms reporting . . 

S170 toS214 per month farms reporting.. 

S215 to $274 per nxinth farms reporting.. 

5275 to $324 per month farms reporting.. 

$325 to $374 per month farms reporting. . 

$375 and over per month farms reporting. . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Average hours worked per person per week houre. . 

Average wage rate per person per week dollars . . 

Under $12 per week farms reporting . . 

$12 to $24 per week farms reporting. . 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting . . 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting . . 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. . 

$80 to $89 per week farms reporting. . 

$90 and over per week farms reporting.. 

Paid 00 a daily basis farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Average hours worked per person per day hours . . 

\verage wage rate per person per day dollars . . 

Under $4 per day farms reporting. , 

54 per day farms reporting . . 

55 per day farms reporting. . 

$6 per day farms reporting . . 

$7 per day farms reporting . . 

$8 per day farms reporting . . 

$9 per day farms reporting . 

$10 per day farms reporting. 

511 per day farms reporting . 

512 and over per day farms reporting . 

Paid 00 ao hourly basis farms reporting . 

persons . 

Average wage rate per person per hour dollars . 

Under $0.45 per hour farms reporting. 

50.45 to S0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

S0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

50.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to 50.84 per hour farms reporting . 

50.85 to 50.99 per hour farms reporting . 

51.00 to SI. 14 per hour farms reporting. 

51.15 to 51.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to 51.41 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting . 

Paid 00 a piecework basts farms reporting. 

persons. 

Persons working Friday week preceding enumeration farms reporting. 

persons. 
Average earnings per person dollars . 



Size of farm— Continued 



140 to 179 acres 180 to 219 acres 220 to 259 acres 260 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 



2,224 

4,167 

1,652 

356 

71 

83 

62 

1,628 

2,628 

1,326 

186 

56 

38 

22 

797 
1,559 
601 
80 
40 
50 
26 

1,427 
201 
596 

819 

947 

212 

146 

105 

150 

120 

65 

110 

146 

82 

20 



835 

1,518 

47 

46 

115 

136 

65 

125 

90 

166 

100 

32 

5 

1 

127 

205 

8.7 

7.66 

15 

10 

15 

10 

10 

45 

17 

5 

521 
937 
1.02 

30 
5 
5 

20 

25 
335 

91 



110 
580 



320 
9.09 



2,239 

4,792 

1,565 

447 

101 

51 
75 

1,764 

2,639 

1,345 

297 

81 

16 

25 

717 
2,153 
510 
100 
25 
41 
41 

1,522 
242 
475 

982 

1,222 

217 

144 

95 

180 

175 

90 

80 

170 

110 

51 

20 

11 

890 

1,251 

49 

42 

75 

135 

120 

105 

155 

150 

107 

37 

5 

1 

125 

265 

8.2 

7.57 

15 

5 

30 

10 

10 

40 

5 

5 



452 
974 
1.10 

5 
5 



311 
65 



100 
1,080 



465 
9.70 



2,073 

3,559 

1,356 

500 

146 

32 

39 

1,693 

2,350 

1,247 

350 

71 

18 

7 

612 
1,209 

450 
90 
30 
16 
26 

1,461 
232 
380 



1,131 

222 

140 

120 

110 

150 

50 

136 

186 

85 

46 



885 

1,263 

51 

44 

65 

145 

40 

125 

125 

202 

111 

37 

15 

20 

100 

105 

8.6 

7.10 

10 

25 

20 

5 

25 

10 

5 

373 
740 
1.08 



5 
25 

5 

206 

77 

10 

20 

70 
320 

55 

175 

6.77 



5,994 

11, 614 

3,534 

1,533 

656 

1'65 

106 

5,029 

8,259 

3,310 

1,135 

444 

102 

38 

1,752 

3,355 

1,261 

292 

86 

56 

57 

4,242 
787 
965 

2,498 

3,420 

228 

166 

225 

280 

296 

190 

360 

483 

413 

188 

46 

17 

2,997 

4,678 

51 

47 

170 

380 

130 

395 

566 

712 

430 

154 

22 

38 

314 

425 

8.2 

6.61 

50 

40 

65 

25 

10 

50 

6 

48 

5 

15 

1,033 

2,103 

1.06 

5 

30 

15 

10 

65 

31 

652 

137 

11 

77 

169 



97 
571 
9.73 



1,740 
6,165 
562 
440 
490 
162 
86 

1,553 
4,296 
518 
456 
394 
142 
43 

542 

1,869 

335 

112 

20 

32 

43 

1,198 
355 

187 

749 

1,848 

236 

221 

25 

80 

35 

30 

105 

192 

174 

60 

21 

27 

1,023 

2,372 

' 55 

50 

15 

75 

15 

135 

175 

319 

200 

75 

13 

1 

85 

110 

8.8 

7.25 

5 

10 

15 

20 

10 

10 

6 



287 
905 



10 

7 

176 

57 
5 

22 

44 
930 

39 

837 

6.30 



1,000 to 
1,999 acres 



245 

1,611 
42 
33 
69 
69 
32 

231 
1,346 
47 
29 
71 
57 
27 

80 

265 

42 

16 

11 

5 

6 

165 
66 

y. 

114 

494 

222 

245 

2 

4 

9 

1 

13 

28 

27 

19 

3 



147 

675 

55 

53 

1 

7 

5 

13 

29 

43 

31 

11 

5 

2 

16 

28 

8.5 

7.21 

1 



47 
301 
1.23 



3 

18 

7.44 



2,000 or 
more acres 



32 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average si ze of fami acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

nther pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for irain or row crops 

farmed on the contour farois reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCONfE 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off Dieir farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting . , 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. , 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting . . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



82,354 


56,760 


100.0 


68.9 


13,526,411 


11,524,704 


100.0 


85.2 


164.2 


203.0 


23,333 


28,011 


145.10 


139.90 


75,961 


54,181 


5,153,941 


4,657,453 


9,316 


2,323 


7,295 


2,309 


6,775 


3,156 


12,995 


9,051 


22, 912 


20,938 


13,564 


13,334 


2,903 


2,873 


181 


178 


20 


19 


36,718 


28,114 


1,290,784 


1, 121, 104 


25,992 


15,685 


766,909 


487,869 


5,768 


3,806 


153,847 


105,093 


22,374 


13,262 


613,062 


382, 776 


25,254 


20,876 


939,382 


823,306 


45,614 


32,778 


2,059,601 


1,607,501 


41,986 


32,353 


2,413,854 


2,127,407 


10,305 


9,421 


241,011 


226, 575 


2,020 


1,825 


64,472 


63,271 


5,229 


4,398 


141,990 


134,689 


3,457 


3,024 


91,629 


86,123 


3,030 


2,785 


121,669 


113, 997 


1,227 


1,036 


55,334 


50,604 


81,681 


56,217 


1,233 


983 


8,895 


6,524 


18,259 


12,823 


20,829 


15,031 


18,190 


13,375 


14,275 


7,481 


50.8 


49.7 



36,687 
9,708 
4,389 

22,590 

11,161 

17,392 

22,477 

45,667 
8,626 
18,072 



4,850 

12,569 

6,182 

8,643 

12,234 

9,693 

7,564 

5,629 

12,227 

2,417 

294 

52 



17, 866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 
12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 
6,759 
5,279 
11,626 
2,322 
275 
45 



2,111 

2.6 

907,326 

6.7 

429.8 

106,692 
254.75 

1,848 

454,573 

160 

27 

22 

48 

157 

455 

808 

152 

19 

835 

73,632 

710 

42, 533 

295 

17,386 

518 

25,147 

454 

36,031 

1,301 

122,477 

828 

113,869 

383 

22,005 

402 

29, 519 



467 
53,339 

123 
12,262 

142 

12,714 

48 

4,177 



2,054 
12 
221 
633 
582 
400 
206 
48.2 



414 
255 
60 
99 

85 

229 

43 

1,697 
169 
658 



144 

206 

51 

42 

141 

111 

99 

78 

515 

564 

141 

19 



6,658 

8.1 

2,024,934 

15.0 

304.1 



52,655 
175.35 



6,305 

882,760 

235 

90 

81 

240 

1,349 

3,072 

1,221 

17 

3,560 

201,046 

1,720 

62,294 

446 

14,634 

1,462 

47,660 

2,411 

111,777 

4,351 

272,270 

3,894 

363,677 

1,599 

60,306 

507 

17,292 



782 
30,326 

452 
16,767 

507 

22,957 

187 

9,972 



6,599 

75 

773 

1,858 

1,825 

1,488 

580 

48.0 



1,550 

1,056 

174 

320 

443 

933 

217 



5,108 

763 

1,632 



305 
300 
135 
255 
430 
400 
525 
665 
2,775 
801 
59 



16,707 

20.3 

3,870,198 

28.6 

231.7 



27,699 
121.12 



16,254 

1,597,082 

320 

170 

335 

1,378 

7,110 

6,254 

680 



9,275 

388,212 

4,103 

127, 714 

1,099 

28,332 

3,353 

99,382 

6,711 

266,038 

10,645 

520,142 

10,515 

749,366 

3,744 

88,029 

470 

12,100 

1,431 
25,793 

1,136 
33,350 

1,184 

46,930 

376 

16,705 



16,617 
305 
2,447 
4,457 
4,425 
3,299 
1,684 
47.5 



4,313 
2,634 
574 
1,105 
1,168 

2,136 



12,394 
2,016 
3,597 



395 

620 

320 

710 

1,722 

2,460 

2,645 

2,235 

4,915 

637 

39 

9 



NEW YORK 



33 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . . 

Percent distribution percent . 

Land in farms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Average size of farm , acres - . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 ecres farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. , 

acres . , 
Other cropland {idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Woodland pastured. farms reporting.. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 
farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting : . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number . . 

Average age years . . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . , 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . , 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting, . . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting . . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting . . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . . 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . , . 

10 to 49 acres number . . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . . 

180 to 219 acres number. .. 

220 to 259 acres number . . . 

260 to 499 acres number . . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. .. 

2,000 or more acres number . . . 

See footnotes at end of teble. 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms -Continued 



17,323 

21.0 

3,006,744 

22.2 

173.6 

19,344 
112.52 

16,721 

1,137,080 

402 

516 

1,011 

3,632 

8,222 

2,804 

132 

2 

8,739 

297, 549 

4,676 

135, 767 

1,081 

23,122 

3,972 

112, 645 

6,987 

255,592 

9,456 

411,724 

10,297 

603,135 

2,553 

40,710 

311 

2,915 



1,056 
15,537 

916 
16, 259 

700 

23,345 

300 

14,405 



L7,196 


11,068 


335 


191 


2,046 


871 


3,505 


1,956 


4,784 


2,698 


4,262 


2,605 


2,264 


2,747 


50.0 


53.6 



5,825 
2,456 
936 
2,433 
1,727 

2,567 

1,907 

11,498 
2,289 
3,417 



491 
1,060 

715 
1,795 
3,435 
3,035 
2,385 
1,635 
2,491 

255 
20 



11,183 

13.6 

1,417,690 

10.5 

126.8 

15,552 
123.95 

10,587 

507,375 

710 

995 

1,315 

3,245 

3,602 

694 

26 



4,784 

140,420 

3,515 

87,016 

711 

16,593 

3,079 

70,423 

3,515 

124,775 

5,618 

210,286 

5,680 

253,899 

991 

13,810 

105 

585 

495 
7,335 

326 
6,340 

230 

7,145 

85 

3,150 



5,083 
1,280 
850 
2,953 
1,640 

2,303 

3,033 

6,100 
1,236 
2,758 

1,011 



490 

1,490 

1,085 

1,725 

2,495 

1,540 

925 

585 

795 

45 

6 

2 



2,778 

3.4 

297,812 

2.2 

107.2 

15,826 
151.21 

2,466 

78,583 

496 

511 

392 

508 

498 

55 

6 



921 

20,245 

961 

32,545 

174 

5,026 

878 

27,519 

798 

29,093 

1,407 

70,602 

1,139 

43,461 

151 

1,715 

30 

860 

167 
2,359 

71 
1,145 

22 

906 

40 

2,195 



2,683 


18,622 


65 


250 


166 


2,370 


414 


5,426 


717 


5,764 


1,321 


4,812 



681 
681 



160 
261 



2,097 
406 
592 



18,723 
22.7 

1,443,272 
10.7 
77.1 

12,909 
170.05 

15,996 
354,628 
5,142 
3,781 
2,623 
2,848 
1,421 
181 



6,370 

121,936 

7,841 

210,115 

1,426 

32,250 

7,015 

177,865 

3,196 

81,290 

9,477 

332,919 

7,040 

201,448 

676 

7,022 

130 

515 

665 
5,610 

310 
4,390 

230 
6,645 

155 
3,505 



17,265 
636 

1,545 
15,084 

5,623 

7,748 
15,459 

1,458 

715 
1,148 

1,458 



220 


1,955 


605 


6,112 


340 


2,596 


415 


2,666 


446 


2,610 


325 


1,381 


180 


615 


81 


265 


135 


465 


20 


.50 


10 


5 


1 


3 



6,769 

8.2 

494,700 

3.7 

73.1 

12,123 
166.05 

5,692 

124,672 

1,851 

1,205 

985 

1,080 

536 

35 



2,193 

42,635 

2,432 

64,556 

512 

15,116 

2,071 

49,440 

1,161 

32, 555 

3,307 

102,473 

2,553 

75,565 

185 

2,215 

40 

125 

146 
706 

115 
915 

5 
375 

35 
1,205 



6,769 
71.4 



1,515 
710 
250 
555 
300 

1,195 

1,160 

5,254 
1,025 
4,254 

2,832 



850 

2,165 

940 

1,020 

945 

435 

180 

85 

125 

20 

2 

2 



102 

0.1 

63,735 

0.5 

624.9 

209,116 
522.39 

92 
17,188 



11 

16 

17 

14 

30 
3 
1 

41 
5,109 

34 
4,369 

24 
1,388 

26 
2,981 

21 
2,231 

52 
16,708 

40 
9,434 

23 
5,199 

25 
561 



20 
985 

8 
201 

10 

652 

1 

20 



73 

1 
10 
34 

3 

25 

57.4 



41 
15 

20 

31 

61 

7 

16 



15 
10 
6 
10 

11 

25 

12 

2 



34 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators; 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number . 

Cash tenants number . 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number . 

Tobacco farms number . 

Cotton farms number . 

Other field-crop farms number . 

Vegetable farms number. 

Fnjit-and-nut farms number . 

Poultry farms number. 

Dairy farms number. 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number . 

General farms number . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

arms reporting. 

number . 
'arms reporting. 

number, 
farms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting . 

number . 



Grain combines 

Com pickers 

Pick-up balers 

Field forage harvesters . 
Motortrucks. 



Tractors . 



Tractors other than garden. . 



arms reporting. 



3 reporting, 
number. 



1 tractor 

2 tractors 

3 tractors 

4 tractors 

5 or more tractors . 
Wheel tractors 



Crawler tractors. . 
Garden tractors 



Automobiles . 



Automobiles and/or motortrucks 

Telephone 

Home freezer 

Milking machine. 

Electric milk cooler 

Bulk-type 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops). . . 
Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface 

Gravel, shell, or shale 

Dirt or unimproved 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surfaceroad. . . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. . . . 

1 mile 

2 or 3 miles 

4 miles 

5 or more miles 



!U :i B 

arms 
'arms 
arms 

'arms 
/arms 
'arms 
'arms 

'arms 
arms 

':inns 
'am- 
arms 
arms 
arm- 
ferrnE 
arms 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number. 

reporting, 
number, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 
Hired workers farms 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



reporting. 

persons, 
reporting. 

persons . 

reporting, 
report! ng . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residenco number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



57,078 

20,832 

3,904 

1,979 

225 

230 

390 

1,080 

56,893 
20,812 
3,889 

185 
20 
15 



1,670 



833 
1,670 
2,694 
3,693 

39,072 
2,816 
2,389 

27,517 



18,028 
18,702 
6,631 
6,819 
36,039 
36,724 
17, 109 
18,094 
47,459 
66,486 

72,959 

155,544 

70,176 

138,670 

29,698 

23,567 

10,844 

3,698 

2,369 

69,411 

131,149 

6,719 

7,521 

15,373 

16,874 

73,122 
93,150 
78,513 
74,191 
53, 881 
45,049 
43,690 
7,271 
2,485 
37,270 

59,338 
12,403 
9,741 
5,353 
4,388 
2,424 
1,738 
110 
116 



20,544 
46,679 
15,849 
28,984 

10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 



75,236 
3,895 
3,223 



34,590 

18,877 

2,908 

1,558 

210 

140 

370 

630 

34,505 
18,862 
2,893 

85 

15 
15 



1,670 



833 
1,670 
2,694 
3,693 
39,072 
2,816 
2,389 
1,923 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 
16,616 
17, 552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 

20,231 

10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108, 586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 
52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 

41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 
2,840 
1,577 
1,122 
75 
66 



19,631 
44,781 
15,376 
27,825 

10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



909 

1,017 

100 

71 

15 

5 



909 

1,017 

100 



184 
180 
194 
420 
711 
53 
90 
235 



793 

876 

461 

506 

967 

1,118 

798 

968 

1,933 

6,347 

1,968 

9,425 

1,867 

8,642 

220 

153 

265 

414 

815 

1,840 

7,714 

691 

928 

626 

783 

1,998 

3,966 

2,084 

2,059 

1,598 

873 

876 

482 

3U 

1,359 

1,696 
209 
117 
54 
63 
27 
35 



1,858 
12,658 
1,770 
8,522 

316 
359 
513 
411 
171 



1,766 
243 
102 



3,083 

3,163 

347 

236 

20 

15 

35 

41 

3,078 

3,158 

347 

5 
5 



263 
225 

380 
631 
4,514 
139 
149 
277 



2,800 
2,921 
1,326 
1,359 
4,667 
4,857 
3,883 
4,176 
5,831 
10, 521 

6,367 

21,438 

6,252 

19,727 

457 

1,427 

2,307 

1,284 

777 

6,226 

18,501 

1,084 

1,226 

1,496 

1,711 

6,332 
9,838 
6,583 
6,535 
5,451 
4,856 
4,684 
2,282 
759 
5,122 

5,203 
849 
553 
360 
193 
122 
66 



5,018 
12,077 
4,259 
7,523 

2,301 

1,268 

577 

76 

37 



6,121 
392 
145 



8,762 

6,868 

951 

541 

95 

25 

120 

170 

8,757 

6,883 

941 

5 

5 
10 



240 
305 
600 
821 
13,358 
402 
422 
356 



5,963 
6,213 
2,331 
2,376 
12,313 
12,507 
7,471 
7,759 
12,663 
17, 510 

16,197 

41,280 

15,987 

38,379 

2,160 

7,608 

4,557 

1,223 

439 

15,901 

36, 517 

1,733 

1,862 

2,708 

2,901 

15,707 
20,156 
16,497 
16,007 
13,041 
13,860 
13,535 
3,345 
963 
13,096 

12,420 

2,5% 

1,605 

946 

659 

347 

297 

10 

5 



7,374 
11,810 
5,814 
7,538 

4,451 

1,090 

232 

41 



15,582 
678 
447 



NEW YORK 



35 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Alt farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenant.- number . . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-shore tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number . . 

While farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Non white farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number . . 

Tobacco farms , number . . 

Cotton forms number . . 

Other field-crop farms number . . 

Vegetable farms. number. . 

FniiUand-nut farms number. . 

Poultry farms number. . 

Dairy farms number . . , 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number . . 

General farms number . . . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number. . , 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting.. , 

number. . . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . , 

number . . , 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . . . 

number . . , 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . , . 

number . . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Tractors farms reporting . . . 

number.. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

1 tractor farms reporting. .. 

2 tractors farms reporting. .. 

3 tractors farms reporting. . . 

4 tractors farms reporting. . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . . 

number.. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Automobiles farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting, . . 

Telephone farms reporting . . , 

Home freezer farms reporting . . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . . 

Electric milk cooler forms reporting. .. 

lulk-type /arms reporting... 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. .. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting . . . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. .. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting . . . 

1 mile farms reporting. . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . . 

4 miles farms reporting . . . 

5 or more miles farms reporting . . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . . . 

persons . , . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. .. 

persons . . . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting... 

2 hired workers farms reporti ng . . . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Operators not reporting residence number . . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



' Economic class— Continued 



Commercial farms— Continued 



11,057 
5,301 
900 
420 
35 
45 
175 
225 

11,032 

5,296 

900 

25 
5 



8,486 

2,201 

465 

240 

40 

35 

30 

120 

8,476 

2,201 

465 



111 


35 


395 


360 


665 


680 


760 


845 


13,268 


6,551 


652 


952 


582 


752 


459 


357 


4,151 


1,886 


4,248 


1,961 


1,358 


520 


1,398 


525 


10,424 


4,014 


10,515 


4,034 


3,533 


825 


3,648 


875 


10,971 


5,634 


13,396 


6,629 


16,282 


10,041 


33,189 


16,937 


16,002 


9,731 


30,304 


14,839 


5,615 


5,716 


7,412 


3,137 


2,303 


703 


492 


125 


180 


50 


15,921 


9,596 


28,878 


14,168 


1,311 


611 


1,426 


671 


2,616 


1,882 


2,885 


2,098 


15,563 


9,517 


18, 521 


11,326 


16,942 


10,607 


15, 865 


9,617 


11,554 


6,478 


13,640 


6,701 


13,438 


6,690 


938 


125 


276 


76 


10,516 


4,087 


11,957 


7,965 


3,078 


1,798 


2,145 


1,320 


1,081 


705 


1,064 


615 


616 


325 


368 


265 


50 


10 


30 


15 


3,893 


1,323 


5,757 


2,020 


2,711 


743 


3,236 


890 


2,281 


626 


342 


92 


86 


25 


1 




1 




16,163 


10,072 


571 


526 


589 


585 



205 
175 
216 
670 
618 
394 
239 



327 
337 
100 
105 
467 
467 
106 
126 
1,278 
1,586 

2,212 

3,656 

2,081 

3,084 

1,397 

494 

102 

72 

16 

1,983 

2,808 

240 

276 

507 

572 

2,154 

2,599 

2,463 

2,126 

1,259 

778 

792 

20 

20 

448 

1,892 

418 

417 

171 

246 

140 

91 

5 

10 



165 
459 
79 
116 



2,293 


16,195 


307 


1,610 


145 


876 


50 


381 


5 


15 


15 


70 


10 


20 


65 


390 


2,253 


16,120 


307 


1,605 


140 


876 


40 


75 




5 


5 





2,501 
152 
125 



1,711 

1,736 

445 

450 

2,536 

2,561 

380 

420 

7,142 

8,004 

15,133 

22,254 

13,907 

17,770 

10,777 

2,538 

506 

46 

40 

13,665 

16,870 

840 

900 

4,288 

4,484 

16,868 

20,981 

17,738 

16,476 

11,604 

3,145 

2,435 

45 

50 

1,995 

13,109 

2,631 

2,718 

1,586 

1,132 

637 

445 

25 

25 



620 
770 
280 
315 



250 
25 

5 



16,775 

1,087 

861 



Part-retirement 



6,293 
345 
120 
40 

20 

60 

6,268 
345 
120 



6,769 



360 

365 

85 

90 

595 

595 

75 

75 

1,918 

2,081 

4,663 

6,726 

4,253 

5,370 

3,331 

782 

95 

40 

5 

4,183 

5,164 

191 

206 

1,206 

1,356 

4,923 

5,583 

5,499 

5,409 

2,842 

1,145 

1,185 

15 

W 

600 

5,018 
805 
861 
450 
411 
205 
171 
10 
25 



217 
357 
122 
142 

107 
10 
5 



6,194 
225 

350 



37 
45 
5 
10 
56 
70 
38 
47 
89 
412 

96 

639 

96 

555 

25 

16 

6 

2 

47 

96 

529 

18 

26 

44 

84 

60 
180 
100 
97 
54 
51 
55 
19 
7 
47 

78 

19 

5 

5 
5 



76 
771 

71 
702 

21 
6 
13 
13 
18 



62 
21 
19 



36 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



3 based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Commercial farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 



Dry materials. . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Corn 

Pry materials 

Liquid materials 

Wheat 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



All other crops .... 
Dry materials. , . . 
Liquid materials. 



Lime or liming materials used during the year. . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under 5100 

S100lo$999 

51,000 to $1,999 

52,000 to 54,999 

55,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under $1 ,000 

$1,000 to 52,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

55,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under 5200 

S200 to S999 

$1,000 or more 

Hired labor. 

Under 5200 

$200 to $499 

S500 to 5999 

$1,000 to 52,499 

52,500 to 54,999 

$5,000 to 59,999 

510,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Under $100. 

5100 to $499 

5500 to $999 

51,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

51,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



amis reporting, 
which used.. 

tons, 
'arms reporting.. 

tons., 
arms reporting . , 

tons.. 

arms reporting.. 

acres.. 

arms reporting. . 

tons., 

i reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting. . 
acres . . 
arms reporting. . 

tons., 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 

arms reporting., 
acres . . 
arms reporting., 
tons.. 
; reporting. . 
tons.. 

arms reporting. . 
acres . . 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

tons.. 
arms reporting. . 

tons.. 

arms reporting.. 

arms reporting. . 

tons.. 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 

arms reporting. . 

acres limed . . 

tons.. 



arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
dollars. 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
i reporting. 

arms reporting . 
dollars, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting., 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

'arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 
arms reporting., 
arms report! ng . 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
i reporting. 

i reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting. 
: L ri. . r,-|..r(i'iv . 



arms reporting . 
dollars, 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting . 



54,363 

2,170,683 

491,720 

54,072 

486,985 

535 

4,735 

15,743 

353,387 

15,713 

63,284 

60 

316 

3,569 

48,846 

3,559 

8,413 

ID 

18 

33,019 
578,602 
32,993 
105,483 
230 
870 

U,416 

226,489 

14,355 

37,121 

141 

300 

2,801 
83,201 

2,791 

90,716 

52 

2,246 

36,748 
880,158 
36,657 
181,968 
182 
985 

24,140 
454,118 
924,463 



81,374 

67,028 

174,964,647 

4,912 
22,576 
12,107 
18,833 

8,600 

33,562 
42,546,079 
22,715 
6,302 
2,688 
1,279 
578 

39,558 

8,855,366 

24,474 

14,158 

926 

41,931 

93,453,472 

10,989 

7,829 

5,933 

7,395 

5,370 

2,779 

1,067 

452 

117 

42,037 
17,623,419 
15,680 
20,325 
3,268 
2,764 

78,680 

36,903,655 

17,242 

36, 174 

16,472 

8,542 

250 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,3U 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 
553,226 
29,225 
100,034 
210 
854 

11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 
39,944,002 
14,775 
5,921 
2,583 
1,222 
567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17, 188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 

33,871,663 

4,196 

27, 261 

15,806 

8,367 

243 



1,649 
318,067 
110,206 

1,643 

109,041 

68 

1,165 

595 

34,290 

595 

5,924 



174 
7,371 

174 
1,069 



921 
56,527 

920 

10,624 

24 

261 

539 

23,587 

538 

3,935 

6 

17 

292 

40,708 

292 

44,449 

26 

287 

1,288 

155,584 

1,282 

43,040 

26 

600 

949 
45,561 

83,001 



2,111 

1,410 

30,667.590 

27 

89 

17 

135 

1,142 

1,026 
7,705,784 
164 
176 
240 
186 
260 

887 

661, 162 

262 

459 

166 

2,038 

34,136,432 

25 

42 

22 

64 

245 

536 

607 

391 

106 

1,435 
5,942,961 
48 
286 
273 
828 



5,185,401 

30 

155 

249 

1,443 

203 



5,879 

470,028 

HI, 651 

5,849 

110,856 

92 

795 

2,511 

87,468 

2,506 

15,217 

5 

40 

710 

12,082 

710 

2,072 



4,306 

134,635 

4,306 

24, 565 

51 

335 

1,608 

40,520 

1,608 

6,507 

15 

158 

500 
23,183 

500 

27,840 

16 

169 

4,327 

172,140 

4,322 

34,655 

11 

93 

3,579 
105,627 
218,205 



6,653 

5,693 

37,307,907 

30 

266 

379 

1,695 

3,323 

3,626 

9,461,656 

1,171 

1,213 

703 

375 

164 

3,368 

1,212,972 

1,489 

1,661 

218 

6,124 

24,136,329 

245 

292 

633 

1,249 

1,890 

1,388 

390 

37 

4,510 
3,698,064 

292 
2,343 
1,069 

806 

6,582 

6,892,389 

150 

1,043 

2,376 

2,978 

35 



NEW YORK 37 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER .AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting . , 

acres on which used., 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials urn.- reporting . . 

tons.. 
Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Coin .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Wheat , , farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials, farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year. farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting, . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dol tars . . 

Under $100. farms reporting . . 

S100 to $999 farms reporting . . 

S1.000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to 54,999 farms reporting , . 

$5,000 to 59,999 farms reporting. . 

510,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting . , 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200. farms reporting . . 

$200 to 5499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to 5999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 to 59,999 farms reporting . . , 

$10,000 to 519,999 farms reporting . . . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting . . . 

550,000 or more farms reporting. . , 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting . . , 

dollars... 

Under 5100 farms reporting . . . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. . , 

5500 to $999 farms reporting . . , 

51,000 or more farms reporting... 

Gasoline and other petroleum Fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. ., 

dollars.., 

Under $100 farms reporting.., 

$100 to $499 farms reporting . . , 

S500 to $999 farms reporting . . . 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting . . , 

$5,000 or more, farms reporting.., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Economic class— Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



13,160 

383,694 

74,223 

13,085 

73,672 

125 

551 

3,757 

61, 186 

3,752 

11,646 

15 

24 

766 

7,205 

761 

1,395 

5 

15 

8,705 

112,370 

8,705 

20,732 
70 
131 

3,109 

42,968 

3,104 

7,165 

35 

29 

441 
4,119 

436 

3,596 

5 

265 

8,723 

155,846 

8,703 

29,138 
50 
87 

6,077 

85,440 
172,478 



7,079 

154, 168 

28,069 

7,054 

27,969 

35 

100 

1,408 

20,320 

1,408 

3,773 

5 

1 

196 

1,735 

196 

373 



4,105 

40,015 

4,095 

7,252 

20 

45 

2,045 

23,980 

2,030 

3,758 

15 

21 

245 
905 
245 
614 



4,658 
67,213 

4,653 
12, 199 

10 
33 

2,214 
25,466 
48,722 



17,298 


11,168 


15,544 


9,490 


51,955,225 


11,265,730 


217 


417 


3,137 


4,247 


4,892 


3,236 


6,615 


1,590 


683 




7,443 


4,092 


7,659,565 


3,221,805 


5,165 


3,166 


1,541 


571 


498 


240 


167 


115 


72 




9,646 


6,122 


2,133,166 


1,184,410 


5,639 


3,896 


3,839 


2, 141 


168 


85 


10,223 


5,091 


8,144,321 


2,399,035 


3,225 


2,345 


2,628 


1,270 


1,722 


742 


1,762 


602 


723 


122 


163 


10 



10, 217 


5,379 


2,154,555 


772,296 


3,644 


2,917 


5,846 


2,217 


449 


175 


278 


70 


17, 162 


10,923 


7,278,856 


3,103,930 


1,015 


1,738 


10,850 


7,637 


4,370 


1,301 


927 


247 



1,322 

21,438 

4,585 

1,317 

4,559 

5 

26 

246 

3,664 

246 

741 



25 
240 
25 
52 



533 

4,106 

533 

793 



386 

3,782 

381 

659 

5 

8 

76 
151 
76 
86 



858 
9,495 

853 
2,228 

5 
18 

372 
4,216 
7,296 



2,748 

1,965 

1,134,405 

325 

1,318 

270 

72 



535, 543 
667 
81 
35 
25 

1,050 

158,734 

777 

253 

20 

726 

437, 110 

361 

136 

85 

118 

20 

6 



1,155 

147, 897 

781 

309 

45 

20 

2,557 

550, 140 

946 

1,346 

206 

59 



8,122 

102,192 

19,857 

8,047 

19,781 

85 

86 

1,586 

16,877 

1,581 

3,390 

10 
12 

190 

1,835 

190 

328 



2,840 

18,070 

2,835 

4,091 

10 

7 

2,370 

21,415 

2,345 

3,646 

35 

23 

395 
700 
395 
333 



4,996 

43,295 

4,961 

7,993 

45 

34 

2,077 
18,759 
37,264 



18,073 

12,912 

4, 994, 110 

2,716 

9,195 

686 

305 

10 

6,518 

2,130,517 

6,070 

290 

95 

50 

10 

6,587 

803,130 

5,401 

1,141 
45 

3,307 

1,069,588 

1,967 

816 

291 

162 

66 

5 



6,318 

570,036 

4,508 

1,665 

105 

40 

16,918 

2,221,655 

9,574 

6,721 

496 

127 



Part- retirement 



2,672 

30,972 

5,875 

2,662 

5,852 

10 

23 

387 

3,956 

387 

828 

5 

10 

40 

540 

40 

82 



880 

4,800 

875 

896 

5 

3 

905 

7,835 

900 

1,154 

5 

10 

176 
371 
176 
254 



1,695 

13,470 

1,695 

2,638 



480 
3,735 
6,465 



6,524 

4,497 

1,992,895 

1,020 

2,965 

387 

125 

1,921 

413,380 

1,826 

80 

10 

5 

2,371 

306,170 

1,875 

491 

5 

1,553 

450,880 

1,060 

305 

95 

62 

26 

5 



2,110 

132,100 

1,720 

375 

5 
10 

5,794 

678, 514 

3,472 

2,146 

150 

26 



85 

13,657 

3,076 

85 

3,070 

5 

6 

41 

3,348 

41 

481 



15 

370 

15 

89 



58 

2,506 

58 

462 

5 

6 

29 

691 

29 

118 



19 
222 

19 
198 



66 
6,520 

66 
1,722 



49 
2,680 
3,786 



102 

83 

1,350,979 

10 

6 

5 

31 

31 

58 

58,180 
44 
11 

2 

1 

33 

24,513 

10 

21 

2 

77 
2,338,265 

1 
5 

1 
20 

4 
11 
24 
11 

68 
86,236 
10 
33 
7 
18 

95 
131,823 

46 
20 
22 

7 



38 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based an reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars . . 

All crops sold dol lars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . 

Vegetables sold dollars . , 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars . . 

Pi nillr;, and pouluy products sold dollars . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars , . 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. . 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls Including steer and bull calves. . 



r arms reporting. 

number, 
'arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting . 

number. 

arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting . 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on band: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head. farms reporting . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head. farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 or more head farms reporting . 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head. farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting . 

HofSeS and/Of mules farms reporting. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting . 

number. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting . 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting . 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting . 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars . 
Sheep and lamhs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

pounds. 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens . 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



774,018,298 
9,399 

209,317,353 
74,495,888 
38,647,411 
48,096,781 
48,077,273 

564,700,945 
80,370,901 

408,684,430 

75,645,614 



60,273 
2,075,243 

56,079 
1,253,862 

53,575 
1,206,337 



54,278 
714,089 

38,600 
107,292 



1,642 
5,662 
5,782 
8,690 
24,481 
11,865 
2,137 
14 



5,027 
11,175 
11,618 
12,017 
11,889 
3,379 
563 
•411 



4,916 
10,012 
11,160 
11,751 
11,613 
3,227 
533 
363 

18,096 
44,573 
15,081 
170,356 
7,853 
95,240 
10,709 
75, 116 

4,652 
217,891 

3,645 
86,929 

4,211 
130,962 

4,074 
123,125 

2,969 

7,837 

32,033 

11,801,709 



54,888 

1,024,751 

67,255,003 

4,925 

155,880 

4,832,280 

3,276 

139,672 

1,955,408 

44,983 

9,359,099,833 

408,684,430 

14,707 

16,072,324 

17,976 

135,701,813 

50,209,674 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37, 236, 101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77, 522, 186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1, 169, 991 



42,736 

655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 
1,315 
1,576 
5,252 
23,407 
11,807 
2,113 
13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62, 837, 565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



160,155,696 
75,867 
82,017,585 
21,335,768 
18,604,219 
15,276,017 
26,801,581 
78,138,111 
35,418,758 
34,495,936 

8,223,417 



1,085 

135,251 

987 

78,873 

944 

74,964 

931 

46,963 

885 

9,415 



26 
43 
40 
31 
93 
188 
652 
12 



50 
55 
41 
22 
103 
212 
171 
333 



60 

45 

22 

21 

97 

213 

169 

317 

386 

1,029 
223 

8,648 
127 

5,543 
175 

3,105 

76 
13,956 

70 
8,428 

74 
5,528 

74 
5,370 

58 
158 

591 
2,940,162 



1,012 

74,964 

7,507,514 

126 

11,308 

350,548 

82 

21,800 

305,200 

867 

698; 145,411 

34,495,936 

516 

8,129,051 

431 

40,637,589 

15,035,902 



176,299,288 

26,479 

42,337,399 

16,219,318 

7,156,882 

11,791,119 

7,170,080 

133, 961, 889 

17,428,173 

100,818,969 

15,714,747 



5,157 
398,641 

5,056 
249,418 

4,957 
243,430 



4,804 

135,913 

3,874 

13,310 



41 

88 

56 

80 

606 

3,104 

1,181 



81 

124 

141 

242 

1,976 

2,076 

360 

56 



77 

109 

96 

227 

2,035 

2,028 

352 

33 

1,420 

3,503 

1,006 

11,828 

463 
6,855 

765 
4,973 

287 
32,421 

241 
16, 159 

265 
16,262 

259 
14,991 

236 
1,271 

2,292 

2,663,405 



5,077 

209,524 

14,720,072 

300 

14,029 

434, 899 

246 

24,648 

345,072 

4,888 

2,226,934,539 

100,818,969 

1,560 

4,152,682 

1,526 

33,776,213 

12,497,198 



NEW YORK 39 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text! 



Economic cl ass— Conti nucd 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Part-retirement 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars . . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold .. ,, dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold lollars. . 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
Uum poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

CattleandCalveS farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head. farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 head. farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting . . 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . , 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . , 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting . , 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head. farms reporting. , 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

HOfSeS and/Or mules farms reporting., 

number., 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Born since June 1 farms reporting . 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number., 

Lamb3 under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number . 

Ewes farms reporting . 

number. 

flams and wethers farms reporting . . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number . 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

pounds 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



129, 547, 333 

7,-178 

23,327,340 

9, 3%, 242 

3,480,605 

5,720,954 

4,729,539 

106,219,993 

7,008,566 

84,828,660 

14,382,767 



14,817 
487,074 

14,490 
304,051 

14,251 
295, 272 

13,950 

160,199 

9,589 

22,824 



91 

280 

271 

1,340 

11,388 

1,404 

43 



351 

850 

4,986 

6,203 

1,996 

102 

1 

1 



351 

821 

5,045 

6,118 

1,854 

62 



3,942 
9,393 
3,096 

37,847 
1,548 

19,586 
2,215 

18,261 

784 
36,503 

647 
14,597 

698 
21,906 

663 
20,874 

442 
1,032 

6,831 

1,640,040 



14,545 

232,690 

12,916,502 

743 

30,270 

938,370 

512 

18,827 

263,578 

13,803 

2,027,941,915 

84,828,660 

3,179 

868,632 

3,984 

16,050,605 

5,938,724 



43,262,290 
3,869 

11,283,567 
5,294,567 
1,564,530 
2,920,813 
1,503,657 

31,978,723 
3,552,346 

21,896,088 

6,530,289 



8,505 
181,241 

8,110 
104,752 

7,804 
97,468 

7,619 
62,830 

5,315 
13,659 



160 
326 

635 
2,906 
4,267 

201 

10 



415 
2,017 
4,422 
1,091 

155 
10 



446 
1,972 
4,291 

990 

105 



2,563 
5,999 
2,006 

19, 192 
1,045 

10,755 
1,431 
8,437 

536 
24, 752 

456 
8,601 

511 
16, 151 

496 
15,295 

366 

856 



4,573 
938,180 



8,186 

85,807 

5,603,390 

665 

16,710 

518,010 

436 

13,144 

184,016 

7,096 

554,762,479 

21,896,088 

2,060 

410,049 

2,625 

8,160,965 

3,019,562 



3,844,841 
1,384 

1,654,948 
682,168 
274, 140 
304,941 
393,699 

2, 189, 893 
291,207 

1,075,085 

823,601 



1,812 
23,342 

1,600 
11,014 

1,439 

9,234 

1,490 

9,688 

979 

2,640 



111 
327 
417 
565 
372 
15 
5 



265 

914 

341 

60 

15 

5 



246 
848 
295 
40 

10 



605 
2,281 

535 
2,743 

292 
1,729 

333 
1,014 

186 
5,719 

156 
2,108 

166 
3,611 

155 
3,275 

126 

336 

1,133 
128,510 



1,473 

9,258 

671,721 

166 

2,271 

70,401 

111 

2,446 

34,244 

845 

28,638,879 

1,075,085 

423 

38,625 

576 

660,635 

244,437 



14,920,837 

797 

7,529,876 

4,369,344 

646,895 
1,545,609 

968,028 
7,390,961 
1,451,468 
1,802,946 

4,136,547 



10,777 
90,239 

8,346 
30,423 

7,134 
22,705 



8,901 
44,389 

6,265 
15,427 



836 
3,342 
3,151 
2,576 

837 
35 



2,778 

4,877 

615 

66 

10 



2,643 

4,051 

420 

15 

5 



4,087 
10,963 

4,504 
28,845 

2,336 
15,612 

3,188 
13,233 

1,532 
40,545 

1,160 
13,635 

1,352 
26,910 

1,312 

25,234 

906 

1,676 

6,831 
503,993 



7,276 

32,273 

3,018,245 

1,580 

18,530 

574,430 

1,036 

21,195 

296,730 

2,141 

49,574,781 

1,802,946 

2,226 

248,423 

3,029 

3,030,615 

1,121,330 



6,656,886 
983 

3,011,437 

1,628,564 
361,725 
673,498 
347,650 

3,645,449 
923,033 

1,138,315 

1,584,101 



3,419 
27,262 

3,032 
11,672 

2,792 

9,902 

2,569 

11,695 

1,597 

3,895 



285 

1,000 

1,055 

857 

221 

1 



835 

1,951 

221 

25 



820 

1,812 

145 

15 



1,361 
2,826 

986 
6,537 

541 
3,732 

685 
2,805 

496 
16,067 

341 
4,286 

481 
11,781 

471 
10, 810 

356 

971 

3,267 
318,780 



2,769 

13,890 

1,201,581 

435 

6,030 

186, 930 

381 

8,587 

120,218 

1,260 

30,830,448 

1,138,315 

1,466 

109,331 

2,081 

2,151,320 

795, 987 



3,849,099 
37,736 

1,109,020 
199,289 
402,690 
322,338 
184,703 

2,740,079 
474,214 

1,895,356 

370, 509 



73 
7,116 

68 
4,029 

63 
3,739 

72 

2,591 

45 

496 



5 
16 
22 
24 

1 



5 
5 

16 
11 
18 
6 
7 



5 

5 
11 
12 
17 
6 
7 

11 
55 
46 

7,528 
40 

4,231 
36 

3,297 

12 

849 

7 

460 

12 
389 

12 

363 

7 

26 

66 
77,542 



67 

2,198 

197, 612 

43 

5,306 

164,486 

7 

490 

6,860 

58 

33,224,498 

1,895,356 

66 

29,052 

61 

1,130,301 

418,212 



40 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Contimied 
Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

lor 2 litters farms reporting. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 Utters farms reporting . 

90 to 3ft litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. . 

number of litters,, 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters.. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting.. 



Under 11 acres.. 
11 to 24 acres... 
25 to 49 acres.... 
50 to 74 acres. . . . 
75 to 99 acres. . . . 
100 or more acres. 
Harvested for grain . . . 



arms reporting., 
'arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
'arms reporting., 
arms reporting,, 
'arms reporting., 
'arms reporting., 
acres . . 
bushels., 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels., 

Wheat harvested f anna reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels. , 

Sales... farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels.. 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

100-lb. bags.. 

Hey crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grai n s cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acreB.. 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres., 
bushels.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,968 


2,477 


27,471 


21,090 


1,758 


978 


1,456 


864 


467 


376 


191 


176 


59 


51 


37 


32 


3,094 


1,949 


13,231 


9,984 


2,932 


1,962 


14,240 


11,106 


39,157 


33,983 


648, Ml 


616,270 


18,123 


13,613 


13,476 


12,924 


5,887 


5,803 


1,144 


1,122 


236 


235 


291 


286 


19,218 


15,331 


232, 014 


210,735 


13,439,425 


12,365,610 


5,933 


4,706 


5,674,976 


5,229,071 


16,762 


12,642 


248,031 


211,755 


7,493,387 


6,518,085 


14,537 


11,013 


6,793,111 


5,926,816 


39,545 


33,112 


630,455 


580, 103 


33,731,236 


31,545,329 


8,117 


5,661 


5, 636, 111 


4,733,946 


2,706 


2,271 


26,372 


23,347 


795,658 


723,133 


878 


747 


291,635 


265,835 


1,334 


1,133 


16,049 


14,900 


372,921 


345,836 


792 


696 


255,906 


234,916 


1,792 


1,067 


16,792 


10,342 


280,733 


173,543 


952 


532 


199, 578 


117,623 


3,521 


2,855 


86,748 


81,034 


883,881 


836,491 


3,009,405 


2,684,057 


30,514 


25,808 


939,924 


878,807 


2,119,960 


2,010,195 


4,716 


3,250 


187,204 


156,678 


42,485 


32,274 


1,549,590 


1,354,781 


2,597,046 


2,337,187 


6,404 


3,345 


223,607 


162,611 


5,048 


4,362 


37,688 


34,627 


67,998 


63,840 


122 


72 


1,205 


795 


12,329 


8,656 


332,506 


269,461 


487,719 


421,536 


1,855 


693 


52,847 


32,156 


8,947 


8,716 


149,697 


146,381 


972,449 


953, 104 


994 


829 


12,280 


10,900 


20,639 


18,339 



99 

1,528 

24 

35 

18 

19 

1 

2 

70 

775 

86 

753 



989 

58, 865 

91 

139 

266 

245 

98 

150 

663 

25,469 

1,693,678 

235 

798, 524 

668 
25,694 

857,929 

647 

829,274 

813 

34,861 

2,196,442 

141 

323,865 

138 

2,722 

82, 195 

31 

31,985 

213 

5,650 

139,116 

172 

97,352 

17 

284 

4,438 

10 
3,388 



115 
15,544 
176,844 



853 

75,264 

194,949 

172 

21,447 

569 

41,094 

77,325 

97 

6,223 



91 

1,522 

3,026 

6 

35 

207 

12,517 

23,344 

44 

2,798 



355 

13,814 
86,540 

30 

985 

2,138 



275 
2,218 

85 
98 
61 
26 
5 

215 

1,097 
250 

1,121 



4,582 

144,854 

457 

1,509 

1,951 

514 

71 

80 

2,433 

51,779 

3,147,020 

721 

1,362,837 

1,764 

42,475 

1,397,370 

1,638 
1,289,658 

4,045 

111,129 

6,615,197 

640 

785,180 

373 

4,748 

157,315 

120 

49,240 

229 
2,602 
56,645 

118 
31,040 

42 

353 

6,800 

21 
3,755 



466 

17,820 

192,612 



3,974 

207,036 

508, 107 

508 

26,430 

3,075 

170, 524 

344,179 

364 

23,447 



474 

4,817 

10,377 

5 



994 

37,369 

65,441 

67 

3,153 



2,027 
45,610 
312,255 

92 
1,729 
2,477 



NEW YORK 41 

State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



I Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



LIVESTOCK A.ND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Lifters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 litters farms renortine. 

1 too litters farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 titters farms reporting. 

20 to 19 titters farms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. , 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 10 farms reporting. 

number of litters. . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reoorting., 

number of litters. , 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. , 



Cnder 11 acres ... 
11 to 24 acres, . . , 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres .... 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain . . . 



'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
'anus reporting, 
i reporting, 
"arms reporting., 
arms reporting. 
acres . . 
bushels. , 
; reporting. , 
bushels. , 



Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Oats harvested, for grain farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Rye harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting.. 

bushels. . , 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . , 

acres. . , 

100-lb. bags... 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . , 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. .. 

acres .. , 
tons . . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

tons. . . 
Clover, titnothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

tons.. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

tons. . . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

tons. . . 

Sales farms reporting. . . 

tons. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
tons, green weight. . . 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres 

bushels. . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



Economic class-Continued 



Commercial farms-Continued 



709 

5,367 

317 

260 

46 

56 

25 

5 

562 

2,542 

503 

2,845 



10,482 

131,681 

5,547 

4,054 

757 

83 

25 

16 

4,084 

43,740 

2,515,500 

1,316 

1,132,635 

3,485 

45,578 

1,342,250 

2,950 

1,192,458 

10,681 

150,055 

7,737,169 

1,717 

1,304,810 

597 

5,276 

161,768 

200 

61,220 

286 
2,118 
50,940 

136 
28,864 

395 
3,855 
63,385 

215 
46,785 



742 

13,825 

133,570 



7,308 

189,164 

393,569 

887 

34,285 

10,912 

435, 180 

734,333 

904 

44,655 



1,466 
10,445 
19,095 

15 
200 

2,601 
75,465 
115,490 

116 
4,775 



1,899 
21,908 
137, 810 

275 
2,965 
4,910 



540 

3,190 

235 

195 

95 

15 



410 
1,475 

415 
1,715 



5,085 

47,040 

3,745 

1,110 

195 

25 

5 

5 

2,450 

21,190 

1,128,575 

965 

558,020 

2,420 

27,790 

797,660 

2,060 

697,740 

5,283 

57,9L2 

2,755,506 

1,367 

734,736 

320 

2,520 

68,040 

165 
37,635 

140 

1,255 

26,730 

100 
20,455 

311 

2,795 

47,790 

145 

30,075 



565 

8,630 

80,445 



328,637 

3,380 

64,080 

126,865 

615 

22,895 

6,636 

212,602 

314,669 

899 

36,546 



896 

5,525 

8,175 

16 

110 

1,545 
42,250 
55,675 

155 
7,560 



460 
4,180 
21,335 

195 
1,940 
3,450 



125 

440 

75 

45 

5 



95 
260 

75 
180 



778 
5,866 
646 
107 
20 
5 



442 

3,025 

148,120 

136 

59, 105 

496 

4,474 

116,010 

405 

94,545 

923 

8,226 

395,110 

251 

115,645 

41 

247 

4,835 

16 

3,285 

45 

585 

10,790 

30 

8,890 

70 

300 

4,595 

20 

1,400 



965 
5,380 



51,992 

561 
9,745 
15, 570 

125 
3,345 

1,217 

32,395 

45,821 

182 

5,430 



100 

730 

925 

5 

40 

407 

8,882 

9,783 

91 

1,980 



25 

240 

3,925 

25 
260 
360 



1,175 

4,150 

610 

490 

70 

5 



890 
2,165 

765 
1,985 



3,741 

22,340 

3,245 

425 

61 



10 



2,876 

15,875 

797,575 

886 

332,220 

2,851 

25,414 

665,115 

2,480 
599,765 

4,726 

36,330 

,532,480 

1,815 

643,380 

345 

1,865 

44,710 

95 

17,325 

145 
735 

21,885 
65 

17,695 

535 
4,720 
79,900 

310 
63,115 



485 
4,580 
36,000 



3,556 
42,803 
76,342 

1,080 
20,925 



7,428 
139,812 
183,544 

2,263 
43,551 



525 

2,345 

3,030 

35 

365 

2,772 

48,096 

49,650 

900 

15,710 



170 
1,845 
8,950 

105 

910 

1,360 



275 

1,005 

160 

95 

15 

5 



225 
J 480 
170 
525 



1,375 

7,025 

1,250 

115 

10 



985 

4,710 

230,890 

335 

101, 585 

1,240 

10, 170 

284, 365 

1,015 
241,960 

1,660 

12,570 

562,915 

635 

254,485 



505 

13,035 

35 

8,400 

50 

285 

3,840 

25 
2,185 

190 

1,730 

27,290 

110 
18,840 



170 
1,090 
10,970 

82,069 

1,095 

15,005 

26,285 

380 

7,515 

2,727 

51,954 

69,190 

795 

17, 170 



155 

680 

1,025 

15 

45 

885 

14,200 

15,200 

260 

4,350 

30 

230 

1,425 

60 
470 
940 



41 

1,226 

10 

7 

6 

5 

8 

5 

30 

602 

35 

624 



58 

2,506 

15 

12 

13 

12 

1 

5 

26 

694 

45,350 

6 

12,100 

29 

692 

25,822 

29 
24,570 

47 

1,452 

90,512 

6 

4,300 

10 
655 

14,780 

1 

75 

6 

129 

1,360 

6 

1,110 



11 
44 
420 



8,378 

55 

3,309 

7,138 

6 

2,086 

56 

3,043 

7,125 

1 

275 



6 
36 

103 



16 

749 

1,333 

2 

631 



31 

1,241 
8,970 



42 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





ToUl 
all 

farms 


Economic class 


{For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Commercial farms 




Total 


Class 1 


Class II 


Class HI 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Conlinued 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 


8,884 

85,132 

16,268,245 

8,276 
38,647,411 

2,594 

3,244 

7,797,522 

10,352 
180,893 


5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 

6,626 
162,076 


331 

41,059 

8,617,676 

541 
18,604,219 

131 

1,109 

4,021,892 

366 
41,083 


737 

23,277 

4,430,235 

1,066 
7,156,882 

220 

572 

1,267,390 

1,087 
40,954 


1,450 

13,237 

2,141,044 

1,601 
6,155,725 

290 

387 

863,280 

1,592 
37,710 


acres 2 ., 
hundredweight. . . 




acres 

quarts... 

Land In bearing and nonbearlng fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 


acres. .. 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 






NEW YORK 



43 



State Table 17.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[t)ata are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





Economic class-Continued 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Commercial farms-Continued 


Other farms 




Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


Part-time 


Part-retirement 


Abnormal 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED- Continued 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 


1,649 

4,471 

701,730 

1,294 
3,480,605 

315 

355 

608,915 

1,757 
24,134 


1,220 

1,113 
151, 585 

985 
1,564,530 

325 

283 

367,895 

1,416 
15,173 


352 

257 

26,592 

370 
274,140 

145 

72 

79,260 

408 
3,022 


2,002 

956 

108,048 

1,505 
646,895 

815 

330 

381,795 

2,586 
11,791 


1,111 

537 

54,795 

865 

361,725 

340 

119 

157,995 

1,097 
5,779 




acres 2 . . 
hundredweight. . . 


32 

225 

36,540 










acres. . . 
quarts. . . 

Land In bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 


13 

17 

49,100 


acres.. . 


43 
1,247 

















44 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 1 of 8. -Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports far only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 

a! farms 



Economic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution , percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dol lars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-Improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

Bcres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 
Improved pasture farms reporting 

acres 

tifigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops Tanns reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . 

Under 25 years number, 

25 to 14 years number. 

35 to 44 years number. 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number, 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years , 

OFF- FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200-or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting 

With other Income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting 

WiUi other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



XXX 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 



54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 

983 

6,524 

12,823 

15,031 

13,375 

7,481 

49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 

5,279 

11,626 

2,322 

275 

45 



1,670 
100.0 
335,385 
100.0 
200.8 

28,455 
144.55 

1,670 

206,012 

25 

40 

65 

206 

636 

475 

184 

37 

2 

553 
12,578 

772 
23,420 

235 
7,373 

640 
16,047 

139 

2,225 

1,117 

35,222 

534 

17,921 

67 

1,295 

7 
334 

278 
9,140 

47 
2,725 

132 

6,040 

16 

745 



1,660 
30 
221 
382 
365 
398 
264 
50.1 



788 
361 
152 
275 
232 

403 

340 

882 
171 

361 

66 



90 
115 
265 
310 
195 

230 
130 
245 
75 
13 
2 



44 
2.6 

32,181 

9.6 

731.4 



88,541 
133.66 



44 
25,003 



15 

27 

2 

13 

1,315 

U 

443 
1 

353 
10 
90 

10 

180 

18 

1,872 

18 

1,740 

6 

150 

1 
35 

16 
2,550 

1 
350 

5 
1,025 



21 

11 

5 

7 

47.7 



4.8 

38,266 

11.4 

478.3 



60,160 
132.59 



SO 
26,678 



43 
1,325 

33 
2,189 

13 
1,035 

27 
1,154 



240 

70 

3,480 

14 

1,361 

1 

200 

6 
299 

22 
1,000 



12 
335 

1 
50 



80 

20 

26 

21 

7 

6 

44.3 



203 

12.2 

65,427 

19.5 

322.3 



45,574 
136.37 



203 
43,618 



101 

2,755 
77 

3,025 

21 

740 

67 

2,285 

20 
355 
137 
4,398 
45 
1,495 
15 
230 



50 
1,870 



15 
240 



30 
765 



203 

31 
70 
56 
30 
16 
46.7 



86 
60 
6 
20 
16 

21 

10 

117 

15 



431 

25.8 

86,629 

25.8 

201.0 

26,307 
129.56 

431 
53,661 



5 

20 

110 

285 

11 



136 

3,408 
185 

4,720 
60 

1,810 
130 

2,910 

26 

520 

300 

8,665 

156 

5,910 

15 

350 



85 

1,895 



10 
595 



50 
2,415 



431 

5 

50 

105 

85 

91 

95 

51.4 



190 

105 

40 

45 

55 

110 

50 

241 
45 

95 

20 



25 
75 
60 

130 
65 

70 



651 

39.0 

85,082 

25.4 

130.7 

21,173 
167.05 

651 
46,352 

5 

15 
120 
416 

90 
5 



205 
3,185 

321 

9,023 

95 

2,555 

276 
6,468 

40 

425 

431 

11,377 

201 

5,660 

25 

265 



65 
1,020 



10 
270 



35 
1,500 



651 
15 
110 
110 
136 
140 
140 
51.0 



390 
90 
95 
205 
135 

205 

270 

261 

45 

160 
45 



35 
80 
160 
175 
85 

60 
15 
40 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 8 .—Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



45 



[torn 
(For definitions and explanation*, *ei text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



F4RMS BV COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All larm operators: 

Full owners number, 

Tart owners number 

Ml tenants number, 

Cash tenants number 

Share-cash tenants number , 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number, 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number , , 

Part owners • number , 

All tenants number, 

Nonwhile farm operators 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number, . 

All tenants number . , 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farm* reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting . , 

Pick-up balers farms reporting. , 

number. , 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting . 

numlier . , 
Motortrucks farms reporting . , 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number., 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. , 

number. , 

1 tractor farms reporting . , 

2 tractors farms renortmg . , 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . , 

Wheel tractors farms reporting., 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Garden tractors fanns reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number., 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone. farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Bulk-type farms reporting. 

Crop dner (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road. farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



..farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting . 
..farms reporting. 
, .farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting. 



34,590 

18,877 

2,908 

1,558 
210 

140 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See Footnotes at end of ttble. 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17, 552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



921 
657 

80 

25 
25 

15 

5 

10 



916 
657 



1,116 
1,257 
654 
707 
720 
731 

203 

215 

1,170 

1,778 

1,584 
4,100 
1,584 
3,787 

441 
620 
266 

137 
120 

1,579 
3,657 
108 
130 
274 
313 

1,543 
1,972 
1,620 

1,480 
1,055 
309 
254 
20 
110 
953 



1,176 
287 
176 

115 

61 
51 

10 



318 
506 



173 
273 



114 
36 
17 



1,462 

162 

46 



38 
43 
29 
41 
28 
34 

23 
25 

34 
135 

44 
277 

44 
265 



44 
236 
23 

29 
12 

12 

43 
62 

44 

39 
29 

12 
13 
5 
17 
29 



39 

105 



69 
85 
59 
59 

28 

28 

75 

164 

75 
319 

75 
314 

1 

5 

25 

20 
24 

75 

295 

18 

19 

5 

5 

79 
133 

80 

80 
65 
21 
16 

32 
59 



51 
142 
10 



51 
142 
10 



198 
251 
126 
126 
152 
157 

61 
66 

178 
323 

203 
749 
203 

710 

15 
35 
70 
41 
42 

203 
689 
21 
21 
36 
39 

193 
265 
198 

193 
153 

45 

55 

5 

30 
183 



158 
30 
15 

10 



72 

110 



187 
15 

1 



215 

196 

15 

5 

5 



215 
196 
15 



320 
335 
205 
225 
210 
210 

36 

36 

356 

463 

416 

1,075 

416 

995 

55 
225 
95 
25 
16 

416 
980 
15 
15 
75 
80 

411 
487 
421 

411 
301 
86 
65 
10 
20 
326 



266 

105 

55 

30 

25 

20 

5 



91 



386 
30 
15 



410 
205 
35 

5 

20 
5 



405 
205 
35 



375 
415 
170 
170 
221 
221 

35 
40 
386 

507 

616 
1,275 

616 
1,128 

250 
265 

56 
35 
10 

616 

1,092 

21 

36 

116 

147 

601 
757 
631 

571 
396 

105 
70 



11 

301 



501 
100 



541 
90 
20 



46 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 8.-Cash-grain farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text j 



(Tor definitions and explanations, see text) 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

malerials used during the year. farms reporting. 

acres on which used. 
Ions. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

tons. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (nol cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry material* farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Cora farms reporting,. 

acres . . 
Dry malerials farms reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Pry materials farms reporting.. 

Ions.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Ions . . 
Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

Dry materials farms reporting, . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials famis reporting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reoorting.. 

tons.. 

Lime or liming malerials used during Ihe year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under MOO farms reporting . . 

$100 to $999 farm- reporting. . 

$1,000 to .$1,999 farms rcrort.nn,. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms renorting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars.; 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms rejxjrting.., 

$5,000 to $9,999 farn.s reporting . . , 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire farms reporting, ., 

dollars.., 

Under $200 farms reporting . . , 

$200 to $999 farms reporting . . , 

$1,000 or more farms reporting... 

Hired labor farms reporting . . . 

dollars. .. 

Under $200 farms reporting. . . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . . . 

$500 to $909 farms reporting. . . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reportini? . . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . . 

$10,000 to $19,090 farms reporting. . . 

$20,000 to <49,999 farms reporting. . . 

S50.000 or more farms reporting . . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and Irees farms reporting. . . 

dollars... 

Under $100 farms reporting... 

$100 to $490 farms reporting. . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. .. 

dollars.. , 

Under $100 farms reporting . . . 

S100 to "1199 farms reporting . . . 

S500 to $999 farms reporting. . . 

51,000 to $1,909 farms reporting. . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting... 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 

commercial farms 



43, 484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 

553,226 

29,225 

100,034 

210 

854 

11,112 
196,548 
11,081 
32,203 
101 
267 

2,211 

81,908 
2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 



55,873 
33,871,663 
4,196 
27,261 
15,806 
8,367 
243 



Economic class 



1,580 

160,161 

30,465 

1,550 

30,005 

75 

460 

195 

7,684 

190 

985 

5 

1 

28 

560 

28 

75 



1,217 

44,415 

1,212 

8,254 

60 

352 

1,300 

30,683 

1,290 

4,977 

40 

44 

66 
541 

66 
318 



1,359 

76,278 

1,354 

15,396 

20 

63 

227 

5,695 

12,444 



1,655 
764 
605, 517 
160 
421 
96 
72 
15 

461 
290,385 
387 
50 
12 
10 
2 

1,003 

325,809 

406 

559 

38 

825 

1,050,789 

300 

187 

115 

91 

78 

34 

19 



1,030 
554,763 
201 
540 
185 
104 

1,640 
993,028 
140 
781 
430 
286 
3 



44 

22,848 

7,506 



13 

825 

13 

97 



2 

120 

2 

18 



34 
4,750 

34 
1,099 



38 

2,942 
38 
581 



44 

14,210 

44 

5,710 



17 

919 

2,661 



44 

23 

55,952 

6 

6 
6 
5 

7 
61,980 



1 
5 

1 

21 

21,214 

5 

6 

10 

44 



5 

5 

21 
12 

1 

33 
152,833 



44 
111,813 



80 

23,323 

3,988 

80 

3,768 

10 

220 

15 

1,100 

15 

128 



74 

10,205 

74 

1,907 

10 

220 

63 

3,523 

63 

464 



59 
8,375 

59 
1,210 



27 
1,290 
2,285 



80 

49 

101,300 



16 
5 

43 
43,180 
27 
10 
6 



43 

19,200 

10 

26 

7 

70 
207, 535 

11 
15 
15 
22 



48 

43,775 



135,055 



203 

34,848 

5,907 

203 

5,885 

10 

22 



51 

2,994 

51 

389 



15 

145 

15 

24 



187 
8,945 

187 
1,644 

10 
17 

178 

5,927 

178 

1,017 

5 

5 



183 

16,827 

183 

2,808 



36 

899 

1,623 



203 

111 

149,805 

15 

56 

15 

20 

5 

65 

27,465 

55 

10 



142 
142,655 

35 
65 
42 

203 
197,985 

- 30 
85 



411 

39,345 

6,713 

396 

6,553 

40 

160 

41 

1,085 

36 

151 

5 

1 

5 

200 

5 

25 



326 

11,120 

326 

2,043 

30 

93 

376 

8,291 

376 

1,379 

25 

26 

15 
345 

15 
186 



371 

18,304 

371 

2,769 

15 

40 

61 

1,262 

3,570 



426 
181 

149,340 
25 
91 
40 
25 

131 

65,800 

115 

15 



97 


261 


36,685 


100,075 


30 


85 


67 


165 




11 


123 


226 


208,832 


162,405 


25 


75 


20 


70 


15 


45 


26 


10 


30 


20 


7 


6 



266 

99,870 

25 

175 

55 

11 

426 

245,010 

25 

165 

175 
61 



641 

33,797 

5,212 

626 

5,154 

15 

58 

50 

1,280 

50 

160 



490 

8,210 

485 

1,335 

10 

22 

525 
8,230 
515 
1,286 
10 
13 

25 



561 

15,952 

556 

2,319 

5 

23 

61 

790 

1,390 



646 
295 

114,075 

90 

170 

30 

5 

165 

48,190 

155 

5 

5 



456 

128,980 

186 

260 

10 

291 
97,145 
160 
70 
40 
15 
6 



415 
101,760 
100 
275 
40 



641 

225,250 

60 

435 

115 
31 



201 
6,000 
1,139 

201 
1,139 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 8.-Cash-grain farms 

[Data we based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



47 



(For definitions and explanations, gee text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars, 

Vegetables sold , dollars . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry' products sold dollars. 

Dairy- products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars, 



LIVESTOCK AND LTVF.STOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Stoers and bulls including steer and bull calves. 



arms reporting. 

number . 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 

arms reporting. 

number. 

3 reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting., 

100 or more head Tarms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. , 

100 or more head rarms reporting . 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting . . 

HogS and pigs farms reporting. , 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting . 

number . , 

Born before June 1 farms reporting., 

number . . 



Sheep and lambs farms 

Lambs under 1 year old farms 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms 

Ewes farms 

Rams and wethers farms 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms 



Hogs and pigs sold alive farms 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms 

Chickens including broilers sold farms 

Chicken eggs sold farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting . , 

number., 
reporting., 

number. . 
reporting.. 

number. , 

reporting. , 
number.. 



reporting. 

number. 

dollars, 
reporting. 

number. 

dollars . 
reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 

reporting. 

pounds 

dollars, 
reporting. 

dollars, 
reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



748, 591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 

655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



Economic class 



14,282,858 

8,553 

12,388,580 

11,450,326 

821,515 

50,147 

66,592 

1,894,278 

469,201 

661,530 

763,547 



691 
13,066 

576 
4,892 

469 
3,363 

604 
6,007 

420 
2,167 



45 
117 
162 
155 
175 
20 
17 



130 
295 
95 
26 
15 
6 
7 
2 



116 

260 

60 

15 

7 
6 
5 



164 
345 
401 

4,895 
210 

3,005 
281 

1,890 

96 
4,721 

80 
1,655 

86 
3,066 

86 
2,961 

55 
105 

551 

127,160 



524 

5,615 

524,035 

165 

6,235 

193,285 

80 

2,250 

31,500 

213 

17,012,113 

661, 530 

316 

53,064 

341 

1,121,830 

415,077 



2,678,859 

60,883 

2,335,494 

1,830,644 

504,850 



343,365 
2L2,565 
130,800 



23 

2,622 
18 

840 
18 

754 

23 

1,523 

18 

259 



23 

1,270 
130,800 



12 

5,102,400 
212,565 



2,285,251 

28,566 

1,911,906 

1,840,180 

51,470 

12,406 

7,850 

373,345 

129,815 

107,050 

136,480 



39 

1,084 
34 

596 
33 

426 



33 

348 
18 
140 



1 

2 

30 

1,335 

15 

1,000 

30 

335 

1 
1 



41 
25,795 



28 

478 

49,680 

15 

2,800 

86,800 



16 

2,713,590 

107,050 

21 

5,782 

21 

335,225 

124,033 



3,064,li0 

15,094 

2,627,283 

2,530,875 

93,100 

1,883 

1,425 

436,837 

140,893 

165,650 

130,294 



121 
2,712 

101 

1,364 

65 

725 

106 

885 

% 

463 



21 
33 
60 

925 
35 

605 
45 

320 



80 
39,410 



86 

1,170 

101,185 

25 

915 

28,365 

5 

45 

630 

50 

4,514,372 

165,650 

55 

21,929 

55 

321,525 

118,964 



3,422,550 

7,941 

2,991,041 

2,872,577 

101, 520 

8,701 

8,243 

431, 509 

11.7,434 

140,175 

173,900 



156 
2,718 
131 
900 
106 
669 

136 

1,305 

111 

513 



21 

79 

105 

1,235 

40 
610 

85 
625 

40 
1,960 

30 
985 

30 
975 

30 
955 

15 

20 

155 
31,030 



131 

1,245 

103,920 

40 

1,495 

46,345 

25 

1,330 

18,620 

50 

3,368,366 

140,175 

115 

16,411 

120 

273,035 

101,023 



2,456,735 

3,774 

2,183,921 

2,099,750 

65,550 

5,331 

13,290 

272,814 

73,421 

31,400 

167,993 



241 
3,099 
211 
938 
181 
618 



210 

1,450 

141 

711 



60 

131 

15 

5 



55 
116 
10 



75 
120 

150 
1,100 
90 
685 
85 
415 

50 
2,745 

45 
665 

50 
2,080 

50 
1,995 

40 

85 

185 
25,420 



181 

1,202 

121,810 

65 

785 

24,335 

50 

875 

12,250 

60 

1,034,995 

31,400 

100 

8,414 

110 

174,045 

64,397 



375,343 

1,438 

338,935 

276,300 

5,025 

21,826 

35,784 

36,408 

7,638 

4,690 

24,080 



111 
831 

81 
254 

66 
171 

96 
496 
36 
81 



10 
35 
41 
20 

5 



25 

51 
5 



21 
45 



40 
100 

55 
220 

30 
105 

35 
125 

5 

15 

5 

5 

5 
10 

5 
10 



85 

5,445 



75 

250 

16,640 

20 

240 

7,440 



25 

278,390 

4,690 

25 

528 

35 

18,000 

6,660 



48 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 8 .-Cash-grain farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text/] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters fattowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters. 



arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting . 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



Under 11 acres. . . 
11 to 24 acres . . . 
25 to 49 acres . . . 
50 to 74 acres . . . 
75 to 99 acres . . . 
100 or more acres 
Harvested for grai n . . . 



arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting . . 
arms reporting. . 
'arms reporting. . 
arm3 reporting . . 
acres . . 

bushels. . 
Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels.. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tans. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Other hay cut farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tans.. 

Seles farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover , or small grains farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons , green weight . . 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 

836,491 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421, 536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 



125 

1,015 

45 

45 

25 

5 

5 

85 
515 
110 
500 



1,277 

45,125 

370 

367 

317 

102 

30 

91 

1,202 

42,263 

2,647,995 

1,028 

2,307,990 

1,422 

33,045 

1,109,755 

1,407 
1,057,129 

1,303 

32,121 

1,867,666 

1,120 
1,444,426 

303 

4,205 

116,345 

273 
104,035 

170 
2,155 
58,585 

145 
51, 535 

140 
1,735 
25,080 

115 
21,105 



879 

33,491 

373,567 



829 
10,900 
18,339 



38,039 



818 
19,895 
41,560 

503 
23,550 



657 
15,604 
25,920 

347 
15,685 

5 
35 
50 



72 
2,270 
3,670 

30 
1,475 



25 
235 

720 

165 
2,925 

4,690 



34 
4,750 



10 

19 

34 

3,948 

338,000 
23 

298,500 

38 

2,947 

119,555 

38 
119,241 

21 

1,440 

110,500 

15 

77,000 

10 
340 

10,000 

10 

10,000 

10 

125 

4,050 

5 

3,300 



32 
7,640 
95,990 



2,960 



31 

1,875 

5,140 

20 

2,510 



18 

860 

1,435 

5 

375 



6 
225 
350 

5 
125 



5 
140 
150 



15 

435 



5 
5 
5 

15 
255 

15 
180 



74 
10,260 



10 

21 

5 

32 

74 

10,080 

661,620 

73 

607,035 

70 

3,920 

143,415 

70 
135,640 

54 
2,435 

162,475 

38 

122,230 

33 

570 

17, 115 

28 

14,265 

25 

405 

12,725 

20 

10,450 



49 
4,155 
49,442 



3,605 



49 
2,195 
5,340 

32 
2,685 



22 

1,380 

3,230 

16 

2,190 



10 
525 
845 



15 
180 



15 

105 

15 

75 



187 

8,945 

15 

50 

67 

25 

5 

25 

177 

8,210 

433,400 

146 

422,975 

188 

6,162 

197,935 

183 
187,920 

181 

6,820 

400,410 

156 

320,860 

55 

875 

26,270 

50 
21,835 

30 
365 

10,775 

25 

10,350 

15 

225 

4,950 

15 
4,700 



152 
8,435 
97,410 

9,584 



152 
4,345 

8,700 

96 

5,795 



91 
4,154 
6,420 

70 
5,405 



15 
1,015 
1,530 

10 
1,030 



5 

70 
100 

15 
365 
475 



40 
230 
10 
20 
10 



20 

80 

40 

150 



336 

11,355 

45 

95 

125 

51 

10 

10 

321 

10,895 

646,160 

295 

588,210 

406 

9,056 

312,595 

406 

300,683 

376 

10,534 

623,015 

340 

512,280 

95 

1,315 

37,340 

90 

34,390 

50 

390 

10,570 

45 

8,720 

35 

425 

4,975 

35 
4,975 



256 

6,701 
67,205 



226 
5,065 

10,540 

180 

7,140 



180 
3,800 
6,575 

125 
4,090 



15 
365 
785 



80 
1,320 
2,340 



40 
120 
25 



495 

8,235 

215 

165 

105 

5 

5 

470 

7,800 

449,195 

395 
339, 960 

555 

8,875 

283,670 

555 
269,200 

501 

8,662 

452,171 

441 

328,891 

95 

965 

22,595 

80 
20,520 

30 

380 

10,825 

30 
10,175 

70 

995 

13,605 

50 
10,405 



340 

5,810 

60,095 



295 

5,470 

10,320 

170 
5,210 



256 

4,260 

6,435 

121 

3,295 



15 
245 
320 

10 
195 



15 
140 
570 

50 
560 
865 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 1 of 8.— Cash-grain farms 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



49 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, Sep lexl) 



SPECIFIED CROPS mRVESTED-Conlimieil 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting... 

acres 2 . . 
hundredweight. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

Sales dollars . . . 

Strawberries harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
quarts . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting.. . 

acres . . . 



To(al all 
commercial farms 



5,739 

83,41* 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



Economic class 



161 

571 
103,315 

263 

821,515 

35 

7 

2,665 



126 
876 



6 
2 

220 

24 
504,850 



15 

73 

26,650 

23 
51,470 



16 
216 



15 

10 

645 

46 
93,100 



40 

346 

61,980 

70 
101,520 

10 

3 

1,325 



25 

138 



55 

88 
9,980 

85 
65,550 

15 

3 

925 



50 
169 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



30 

52 

3,840 

15 
5,025 

10 

1 

415 



30 
303 



50 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 2 of 8.-Other field-crop farms 

| DnU are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres , farms reporting. 

20 to -29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Improved pasture farms reporting . 

acres. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. 

acres , 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . 

acres. 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . 

Under 25 years number . 

25 to 34 years number . 

35 to 44 years number. 

45 to 54 years number . 

55 to 64 years number. 

65 or more years number. 

Average age years . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 or more days operators reporting . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 io 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of bable. 



56,760 
XXX 

11,524,704 

XXX 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 



54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 

983 

6,524 

12,823 

15,031 

13,375 

7,481 

49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 

5,279 

11,626 

2,322 

275 

45 



833 

100 .0 

166,628 

100.0 

200.0 



87,081 
441.13 



833 
98,288 

51 
50 
125 
250 
230 
116 
10 
1 

148 
1,638 

335 
14,698 

132 
6,942 

241 
7,756 

42 

3,335 

451 

28,008 

120 

5,298 

28 

350 

416 
28,308 

522 
39,873 

87 
7,134 

49 
7,169 

22 
2,327 



823 
15 
98 
240 
224 
136 
110 
48.5 



186 
118 
26 
42 

51 

83 
45 

647 

81 

216 

30 



150 
85 
125 
135 
75 

50 
55 
84 
56 



184 

22.1 

82,176 

49.3 

446.6 

157,583 
358.62 

184 
48,057 



75 

99 

9 

1 

47 
303 

86 
7,023 

54 
4,027 

47 
2,996 

21 

3,005 

122 

13,434 

34 

3,478 

23 

335 

101 
14,443 

136 
18,978 

35 
4,763 

33 
4,837 

11 
1,650 



175 

23 
69 
58 
15 
10 
45.6 



145 
11 



263 

31.6 

42,872 

25.7 

163.0 

91,508 
614.90 

263 
27,987 



5 

140 

105 

12 

1 



56 

930 

103 

3,360 

47 

2,010 

73 

1,350 

6 
280 
133 
5,863 
26 
830 



160 
8,650 

181 
13,605 

21 
682 

11 

1,332 

6 

657 



262 
15 

20 
76 
70 
46 
35 
48.4 



211 
20 



240 

28.8 

27,505 

16.5 

114.6 

53,161 
497.42 

240 
16,700 

10 
95 
85 
45 
5 



30 

330 

75 

2,185 

10 

425 

65 

1,760 



120 

4,090 

30 

595 

5 
15 

130 
4,700 

140 
6,010 

25 
1,330 

5 
1,000 



240 

30 
70 
70 
30 
40 
49.1 



190 
30 



LU 

13.3 

11,315 

6.8 

101.9 



29,365 
309.97 



111 
,399 

26 
35 
25 

25 



15 
75 
51 

1,670 

11 

180 

41 

1,490 

10 
30 
61 
3,761 
20 
280 



25 

515 



60 
1,155 



25 

20 
21 
35 
10 
47.3 



35 

4.2 

2,760 

1.7 

78.9 



15,490 
159.36 



35 
1,145 



20 
460 

10 
300 

15 
160 

5 
20 
15 

860 
10 

115 



5 
125 



5 

5 

10 

15 

62.7 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 8. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ] 



51 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All fatm operatois: 

Full owners number . 

Tart owners number . 

\l I tenants number . 

Cash tenants number . 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Ful I owners number . 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. 

number. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting . 

number. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting . 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting . 

4 tractors farms reporting. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine. farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Bulk-type farms reporti ng . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operatod elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile rarms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting . 

persons. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker rarms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence. number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



34,590 

18,877 

2,908 

1,558 
210 

140 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17, 552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 
108,586 
5,670 
6,389 
9,835 
10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 

40,015 
7,192 
2,408 

34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



285 
438 
90 



285 

438 

90 



227 
235 
29 
34 
92 
93 



20 

25 

778 

2,798 



3,017 

803 

2,837 

66 
190 
206 

170 
171 

802 

2,605 

184 

232 

145 
180 

773 

1,229 

823 

773 

530 

39 

34 

3 



690 
94 
40 
20 



554 
2,356 



404 
1,100 



162 
79 

93 
55 
15 



726 
80 
27 



47 

127 



47 
127 



174 
1,010 

179 

1,029 

179 

995 



15 
49 

114 

178 
891 
72 
104 
29 
34 

169 
360 
179 

174 
157 



2 

8 

127 



122 
29 
24 

10 

14 

1 

13 



156 
992 



141 
528 



33 
28 
33 
38 
9 



153 

24 

7 



77 
161 
25 



77 
161 
25 



82 
82 
6 
6 
26 
26 

1 

1 

263 

948 

253 
895 
253 
834 



60 
100 
66 
27 

253 
787 
41 
47 
46 
61 

253 
418 
263 

253 
192 

16 
11 

1 



237 
25 

1 



213 
774 



138 
342 



237 

21 

5 



75 
110 
45 



75 
110 
45 



220 
580 

235 
710 
235 
670 

25 
85 
70 
40 
15 

235 
620 
40 
50 
30 
40 

225 
285 
240 

210 

105 
15 
10 



210 

25 

5 



140 
480 



90 
170 



46 
15 

25 
4 



215 

20 

5 



6 
6 

5 

5 

10 

10 

5 

5 

96 

215 

106 
273 
106 
253 

35 
30 

21 
10 
10 

106 
237 
16 
16 
20 
20 

96 
131 
106 

106 
56 



25 

45 

35 

110 

30 

85 

5 

15 

5 

5 

30 
70 
15 
15 
20 
25 

30 
35 
35 

30 
20 



52 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 8. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms See text ) 



(For definitions nnd explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres on which used. .. 
tons . . 

Dry materials farms reporti ng . . 

tons.. 

Liquid mau-rinls farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. , 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Corn farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 
Liquid materials fnrms reporting. . 

All other crops fnrms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Pry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used durinc the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. , 
tons .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars > . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 Tamis reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms renorting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

S2.500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hit* farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 farms retorting... 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under 5200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to S499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting , . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 fan, is reporting . . 

S100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

■ I ,000 or nore farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $199 ■. farms reporting.. 

S500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footeotes at end of table. 



■43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 

553,226 

29,225 

100,034 

210 

854 

11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 

428,944 

876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 

10,410 

11,029 

18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 

33,871,663 

4,196 

27,261 

15,806 

8,367 

243 



812 
87,297 
88,315 
802 
86,025 
48 
2,290 



1,545 

86 

306 



26 

255 

26 

46 



103 
785 
103 
230 



180 
,320 
180 
794 



802 

68,162 

792 

78,093 

47 

2,241 

547 

12,230 

537 

6,556 

12 

49 

210 

8,215 

8,332 



833 

200 

214,620 

26 

121 

22 

11 

20 

119 

49,640 

115 

1 

1 

1 

1 

318 

107,751 

156 

142 
20 

747 

5,432,107 

20 

25 

45 

115 

196 

177 

110 

52 

7 

687 

2,578,805 

35 

67 

39 

546 

as 

1,262,158 
20 

111 
190 
477 
20 



183 
45,136 
43,845 

183 

43,547 

22 

298 

36 
540 

36 
125 



21 

240 
21 
38 



27 
250 

27 
73 



55 

,305 

55 

410 



183 
35,941 

183 

40,101 

21 

282 

129 

5,860 

129 

2,800 

1 

16 

74 

5,065 

4,870 



184 

39 

67,850 

11 

16 



10 

18 

28,775 

15 

1 

1 
1 

82 

39,326 

26 

51 

5 

184 
3,140,444 



25 
31 
69 
52 

7 

155 
1,162,975 



7 
146 



184 
564,793 



258 
24,727 
27, 559 

258 

27,387 

16 

172 

35 
340 
35 
98 



165 
19 



41 
285 

41 
108 



50 
840 

50 
145 



258 
19,512 

258 

24,692 

16 

169 

193 

3,750 

193 

2,344 

1 

3 

86 

2,120 

2,082 



263 
56 

74,770 
5 

30 

10 
6 
5 

31 
6,570 

30 
1 



91 

16,345 
65 
26 

263 

1,518,433 

5 

10 

25 

76 

106 

41 



217 

843,535 

5 

5 

7 
200 

253 
382,650 

5 

50 

197 

1 



240 
13,890 
13,823 
235 
12,273 
5 
1,550 

10 

655 

10 

81 



20 
150 
20 
26 



55 

1,005 

55 

203 



240 

10,215 

235 

10,896 

5 

1,525 

140 

1,850 

135 

1,059 

5 

25 

10 

355 

515 



240 

70 

65,040 

10 

40 

10 

5 

5 

35 

9,325 

35 



85 

36,185 
35 
35 
15 

215 
656, 320 



210 

480,605 

10 

25 

15 

160 

235 
236,820 

45 
90 
100 



101 

3,029 

2,745 

96 

2,475 

5 

270 

5 

10 

5 

2 



15 
100 
15 
23 



15 

140 
15 
28 



91 

2,094 

86 

2,104 

5 

265 

75 

685 

70 

318 

5 

5 

35 

575 

765 



111 

35 

6,960 



35 

4,970 

35 



55 

15,345 

25 

30 

70 
101,160 
10 
15 
20 
15 
10 



85 

88,480 
10 
25 
10 
40 

111 
63,250 

15 
36 

50 
10 



30 
515 
343 

30 
343 



30 
400 

30 
300 



5 
100 
100 



5 

550 

5 



15 

15,750 

5 



20 

3,210 

10 

10 



35 
14,645 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 8. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of 'arms. See text] 



53 



Item 
{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALt'E OF PRODWTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars." 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

.All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LI\-ESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting. 

number . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting. , 

number. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. 

number. 
Steers and bulls including steer and hull calves farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Caule and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. , 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms re[*jrting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. , 

500 or more head farms reporting. , 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting, . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting., 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . , 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. , 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head , farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. , 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

Ewes farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars ,. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold * farms reporting. . 

pounds . . 

dollars.. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens . . 

dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



748, 591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 



42,736 
655,414 
30,693 
87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 

4,144 

10,590 

11,710 

11,596 

3,210 

527 

356 

12,637 

30,729 

• 9,545 

127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,71 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



Economic class 



28,429,519 

34,129 

27,925,935 

25,310,172 
2,152,467 
358,942 
104,354 
503,584 
160,407 
243,110 

100,067 



206 
2,678 

171 
1,348 

144 
1,018 

125 

903 
159 
427 



85 

240 
91 

267 
15 
50 
81 

217 

6 

26 

1 

1 

5 

25 

5 

25 



131 
37,495 



81 

1,118 

96,717 



58 

5,897,560 

243,110 

51 

9,341 

71 

406,122 

150,266 



15,660,797 

85,113 

15,420,758 

14,140,129 

1,052,072 

150,277 

78,280 

240,039 

72,067 

117,800 

50,172 



55 
863 

45 
394 

38 
353 

34 
366 

48 
103 



34 
109 
15 
90 
5 
25 
15 
65 



26 

10,605 



453 
49,547 



7 

2,810,000 

117,800 

6 

5,007 

11 

181,242 

67,060 



7,897,910 

30,030 

7,762,079 

6,984,738 

615,040 

140,985 

21,316 

135, 831 

37,336 

79,530 

18,965 



61 
930 

41 
499 

31 
310 

31 

222 

56 

209 



16 

71 
41 
102 



41 
102 



30 
11,675 



26 

265 

16,465 



16 

2,041,305 

79,530 

15 

2,093 

25 

95,250 

35,243 



3,901,843 

16,258 

3,813,738 

3,352,245 

410,905 

47,030 

3,558 

88,105 

45,920 

35,060 

7,125 



60 
380 

55 
225 

50 
215 

35 
95 
30 
60 



45 
13,290 



20 

145 

7,125 



827,820 

7,458 

788,211 

703,461 

63,450 

20,100 

1,200 

39,609 

5,084 

10,720 

23,805 



30 
505 

30 
230 



25 

220 

25 
55 



25 

1,800 

20 

255 

23,580 



25 


10 


833,100 


213,155 


35,060 


10,720 


20 


10 


2,015 


226 


20 


15 


116, 500 


13,130 


43,105 


4,858 



141,149 

4,033 

141,149 

129,599 

11,000 

550 



5 
125 



54 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 2 of 8. -Other field-crop farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 



Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms 

number 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



arms 

'arms 

number 

December 1 to June 1 farms 

number 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 



reportinp. 
of litters, 
reportinp. 
reporting, 
reportinp. 
reportinp . 
reportinp . 
reportinp. 
reportinp. 
of 1 liters . 
reportinp. 
of litters. 



arms r 
arm 5 r 
arms r 
arms r 



Com for all purposes farms reportinp . 

acres . 
* reportinp, 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
5 reportinp. 
I reportinp., 
^ reporti np . 
s reportinp . 
acres . 
bushels.. 
i reportinp. . 
bushels.. 



Under 11 BCres. . . . 
11 to 24 acres 
25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres .... 

100 or more acres . 

Harvested for grain .... 



Sales farms r 



Wheat harvested farms report ing . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms report ing . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms report ing . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . , 

tons . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons . . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons , green weight . . 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173, 543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 
61,034 
836,491 



2,684,057 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 
34,627 

63,840 
72 
795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 



119 
855 
95 
16 



406 

22,445 

26 

10,500 

264 
4,976 

133,936 

213 

119,376 

182 
4,989 

304,387 

146 

256,747 



829 
10,900 
18,339 



25 
675 



270 
5,138 

107,403 

178 

69,417 

7 

160 

1,568 

2 
748 



25 

370 

4,935 



68 

870 

2,275 

20 

300 



164 
4,416 
7,153 

51 
2,775 



10 
40 
65 
5 
25 

17 

165 

163 

2 

68 



10 
120 
850 

18 
650 
,665 



28 

260 

20 

1 



18 
96 

5,220 
6 

3,500 

89 

2,816 

74,181 

83 
69,066 

45 

1,769 

133,012 

35 
126, 662 



15 
300 



94 
2,733 
56,643 

72 
41,412 



120 

768 

2 

748 



13 

330 

1,095 



28 
421 



6 

100 



7 
420 

1,230 



41 

285 

35 

5 



40 

145 

9,475 

10 

4,000 



920 

23,060 

55 

17,370 

42 

1,545 

90,550 

36 

65,890 



111 

1,515 

30,200 

61 

14,405 



5 
150 

1,500 



25 
205 

455 

5 

50 



66 
1,925 
3,205 

20 

1,275 



5 

50 

375 

6 
130 
235 



25 

155 

20 

5 



15 
105 

5,250 

5 

1,500 

70 
1,035 
32,450 

55 
29,095 

55 

1,145 

49,375 

45 

42,745 



40 

615 

12,000 

30 

8,550 

5 
40 
800 



20 
220 

3,435 



1,695 



20 
245 
520 

15 
250 



35 
1,435 
1,975 

20 
1,300 



25 

155 

20 

5 



15 
60 

2,500 
5 

1,500 

20 

155 

3,245 

15 
2,845 

35 

390 

20,950 

25 

10,950 



5 

10 
375 



20 

175 

5,560 

10 
3,050 



10 
90 
205 



30 

575 

1,065 



5 

70 

475 





5 




50 


1 


000 




5 


1 


000 




5 




140 


10 


SCO 




5 


10 


500 



5 

100 

3,000 

5 
2,000 



60 

100 

5 

100 



5 
100 

200 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 2 of 8. -Other field-crop farms 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lextj 



55 



BY 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HWESTED-Conlinued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 2 . 
hundredweight . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . 

Sales dollars . . 

Strawberries harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

quarts . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . . 

acres . . 



Total all 
commercial farms 



5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



Economic class 



833 

68,558 

13,553,919 

447 
2,152,467 

165 

265 

751,231 



33 
336 



184 

36,030 
7,611,674 

76 
1,052,072 

50 

100 

371,606 



263 

19,523 

3,753,280 

166 
615,040 

80 

117 

291,125 



240 

10,351 

1,748,725 

145 
410,905 

25 

43 

72,500 



10 
165 



111 

2,254 

376,540 

50 
63,450 

5 

3 
15,000 



35 

400 

63,700 

10 
11,000 

5 

2 
1,000 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 
Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 
Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines . 



56 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 3 of 8.-Vegetable farms 

[Data are based on reports For only a sample of farms. See lextj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Fconomic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution , percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent dislribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

\verage per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres Farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms report! ng 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

litigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number. 

Under 25 years number. 

25 to 14 years number. 

35 to 44 years number . 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number, 

65 or more years number, 

Average age years , 

OFF-FAKM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting, 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 or more days operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and oFf-farm work operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . 

Operators not working ofF their Farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

Willi other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres .....number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres , number 

2,000 or more acres number 

See footnotes at end of table. 



56,760 

XXX 

11,524,704 

XXX 

203.0 

28,011 
139.90 

54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 
823,306 

32,778 
1,607,501 

32,353 
2,127,407 

9,4a 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 

983 

6,524 

12,823 

15,031 

13,375 

7,481 

49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 

5,279 

11,626 

2,322 

275 

45 



1,670 
100.0 
194,460 
1O0.O 
116.4 



49,959 

445.55 



1,670 

122,963 

300 

330 

190 

275 

275 

159 

107 

25 

9 

236 

5,602 

641 

21,440 

183 

9,865 

524 

11,575 

69 

2,020 

588 

18,737 

169 

5,920 

5 

413 

460 
14,649 

369 
22,617 

37 
2,795 

42 

2,190 

5 

75 



1,648 
20 
164 
447 
373 
406 
238 
50.1 



553 
259 
136 
158 
150 



273 

177 



1,117 
182 



414 
55 



165 
670 
170 
145 
171 
77 

68 
35 
103 
46 
17 
3 



180 

10.8 

87,630 

45.1 

486.8 

154,378 
330.59 

180 
58,728 



45 
34 
67 
25 
9 

26 
1,392 

86 
9,470 

48 
6,255 

54 
3,215 

9 

550 

98 

8,352 

19 

1,735 

5 

413 



6,814 



79 
14,982 



7 
1,140 



12 
1,165 



173 

9 
57 
48 
41 
18 
49.6 



147 
17 



225 

13.5 

32,660 

16.8 

145.2 



82,438 
618.45 



225 
21,095 

25 
10 
35 
80 
50 
25 



55 

950 

80 

2,955 

15 

210 

80 

2,745 

10 
765 

95 
3,025 

30 
1,380 



70 
2,725 



5 
250 



10 

180 



225 

10 
90 
35 
60 
30 
50.4 



180 
35 



305 

18.3 

30,845 

15.9 

101.1 

48,660 
536.42 

305 
19,610 
5 
35 
65 
80 
55 
55 
10 



45 

2,035 

110 

2,605 

30 

1,685 

80 

920 

5 

50 

110 

3,250 

20 

900 



120 
2,370 



95 
2,575 



10 

960 



5 
350 



305 

5 
30 
110 
55 
75 
30 
48.3 



100 
50 
35 
15 
15 

45 

20 

205 
25 



130 
30 
35 
25 

20 

25 

10 
20 
5 



395 
23.7 
23,150 
11.9 
58.6 



29,361 
464.94 



395 

13,140 
25 

120 
70 

115 
50 
10 



855 
165 

3,340 
45 
735 
140 

2,605 

20 
305 
110 
1,645 
50 
1,245 



100 
1,180 



60 
855 



5 
195 



390 
5 
60 
70 
125 
85 
45 
49.3 



180 
90 
40 
50 
60 

100 

55 

215 

50 

60 
10 



15 
210 
55 
40 
50 
10 



360 
21.6 

14,620 

7.5 

40.6 

19,784 
442.15 

360 
8,295 
135 
105 
30 
40 
40 
10 



40 

245 

140 

2,095 

35 

925 

115 

1,170 

10 

125 

110 

1,455 

40 
575 



30 
205 



35 

1,120 



10 

350 



1 I 



355 

35 
75 
70 
60 
115 
53.5 



140 
30 
25 
85 
30 

70 

95 

220 
35 

110 

45 



190 
25 
25 
35 

15 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 8.-Vegetable farms 

[Data art? based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



57 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, sot' text) 



F\R\(S BY COLOR AND TENIIRF. OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners 

Part ow ners 

Ml tenants 



■number. 

.number, 
.number. 



Cash tenants number . 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm opernlors: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm ojierator- 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting . 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting, , 

number. 
Pick- up balers farms reporting. , 

number. 

Field forage ban esters farms reporting., 

number.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Tractors farms reporting. , 

number. , 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . , 

number., 

1 tractor farms report inf. , 

2 tractors farms reporting. , 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting , , 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

Crawler tractors Tarms report inc.. 

Garden tractors farms reporting . . 

number., 

Automobiles farms reporting . . 

nun, her. , 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting, . 

Telephone farms reporting. , 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

^ulk-type farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. , 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a bard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

lmile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting., 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workerB farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting , . 

persoas.. 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

5 to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 

nl farms 



34,590 
18,877 
2,908 

1,558 
210 

140 

370 
630 



34,505 

18,862 

2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 

17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
' 7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
b,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



903 
626 
140 

95 

5 

15 



626 

140 



213 
223 

104 
110 
123 
124 

60 

66 

1,510 

3,261 

1,600 
5,668 
1,515 
4,579 

381 
341 
373 
159 
261 

1,369 

3,762 

600 

817 

729 

1,089 

1,534 
2,142 
1,640 

1,510 
791 
79 
74 
4 
24 
332 



1,376 

115 

148 

66 

82 
46 
21 



717 
3,438 



433 
1,684 



134 

103 

79 

70 

47 



1,293 
280 

97 



38 
131 
10 



38 
131 
10 



43 
48 
24 
30 
18 
19 

15 

16 

180 

896 

180 
1,303 

180 
1,169 

6 

6 

18 

44 
106 

174 
977 
105 
192 
74 
134 

179 
362 

180 

175 
141 
19 
19 
4 
9 



151 

10 

13 

6 

7 
6 
1 



152 
1,533 



1/48 
1,024 



123 

45 
12 



75 

125 

25 



75 

1.:-' 
25 



30 
30 
35 
35 

30 
30 

15 

15 

225 

575 

225 

1,025 

225 

865 

10 
20 
65 
55 
75 

220 
775 
50 
90 
90 
160 

205 
355 
225 

225 

140 

30 

20 

5 
60 



165 
620 



125 
390 



180 
45 



135 
130 
40 



135 
130 
40 



70 
70 
25 
25 
40 
40 

10 

10 

285 

595 

305 

1,150 

305 

935 

25 
80 
125 

30 
45 

290 
780 
110 
155 
125 
215 

295 
420 
300 

290 

175 

10 

10 

5 

110 



255 
30 
20 



130 
360 



100 
190 



240 
60 
5 



225 

140 
30 

20 

5 
5 



225 

140 
30 



45 
45 
10 
10 
25 
25 

5 

5 

370 

570 

390 

1,145 

380 

905 

105 
120 
105 
25 
25 

355 
715 
160 
190 
170 
240 

380 
445 
395 

370 
140 
15 
20 



335 
20 
25 

10 

15 
15 



175 
630 



315 
50 



265 
80 
15 



265 
80 
15 



25 
30 
10 

10 
10 
10 

10 

10 

310 

435 

345 
755 
300 
505 

165 

80 

40 

5 

10 

235 

370 
120 
135 
190 
250 

310 
360 
350 

300 
130 



280 
30 
45 
20 

25 

5 

10 



75 
225 



265 
60 
35 



58 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 8. -Vegetable farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See lexl ] 



(lor definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used Hurmc the year farms reporting. 

acres on which used, 
tons. 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

tons. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons., 
Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons., 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting., 

acres . , 
Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons., 
Liquid materials farms reporting., 

tons., 

Corn. .farms reporting., 

acres., 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Ions. , 

Liquid materials farms reporting. , 

tons., 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

Ions.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farm* reputing. . 

Dry materials ram,- reporting. , 

x — tons . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting. . 

acres . , 
Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

ions.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres limed. . 
Ions .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $999 farms reporting. , 

$1,000 to $1,999 farm* rcporlinn... 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms renorting . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry fanns reporlmi: . , 

dollars .. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting . . 

$1 ,000 to $2,499 farms reporting . . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms renorting . . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

I Inder $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $409 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms renorline.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms report in;;. . 

dol 1 ars . . 

Under $100 fan, is reporting.. 

^100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars. , 

Under $100 farms report! ng . . 

5100 to $499 i farms reporting . . 

S500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more forms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 

553,226 

29,225 

100,034 

210 

854 

11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56, 675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,9a 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 

33,871,663 

4,196 

27,261 

15,806 

8,367 

243 



1,553 

105,098 

42,459 

1,548 

42,199 

22 

260 

87 

1,712 

87 

366 



211 

4,656 

211 

1,070 
11 
8 

358 
8,006 

358 
1,396 



222 
4,687 

222 
3,996 



1,507 

86,037 

1,507 

35,371 

12 

252 

500 
9,576 
15,239 



1,665 
343 
642,257 
100 
175 
27 
32 
9 

176 

269,073 

121 

30 

18 

1 

6 

765 
389,329 
310 
380 
75 

1,350 

8,059,383 

65 

160 

175 

295 

231 

200 

135 

68 

21 

1,339 

1,412,429 
185 
641 
198 
315 

1,655 
1,443,851 
120 
732 
341 
435 
27 



163 
51,448 
19,426 

163 

19,172 

7 

254 



7 

342 

7 

57 



36 

1,476 

36 

448 

1 

4 

53 

3,526 

53 

530 



37 
2,072 

37 
1,721 



162 
44,032 

162 
16,416 

7 
250 

80 
4,376 
7,904 



180 

43 

484,392 

5 

20 

2 

7 

9 

36 

183,348 

11 

5 

13 
1 
6 

110 

164,574 

15 

50 

45 

180 
4,475,628 



6 

20 

70 

63 

21 

149 

724,219 

5 

6 

28 

110 

180 
555,266 

7 

1 

145 

27 



220 

17,985 

7,421 

220 
7,421 



10 

125 
10 
28 



45 

1,200 

45 

255 



55 

1,035 

55 

180 



40 
1,415 

40 
1,048 



210 

14,210 

210 

5,910 



120 
2,165 
3,465 



220 

60 
79,400 
10 
20 
10 
20 

20 
22,465 

15 



100 

44,915 

40 

55 

5 

210 
,569,485 



15 
25 
30 
70 
65 
5 

185 

264,080 

5 

55 

30 

95 

220 
273,015 

'20 

65 

135 



300 

15,540 

6,639 

295 

6,637 

5 

2 

30 
800 

30 
205 



15 

170 
15 
57 



65 

1,415 

65 

259 



70 
515 

70 
491 



290 

12,640 

290 

5,625 

5 

2 

115 
1,360 
1,950 



305 

55 

16,750 

25 

25 

5 



30 

27,390 

15 

15 



100 

51,160 

20 

65 

15 

295 

1,'045,330 
5 
10 
35 
70 
85 
90 



255 

233,835 

5 

85 

75 

90 

300 
264,460 

70 
135 
95 



390 

11,385 

5,427 

390 

5,423 

10 

4 

25 
375 
25 
65 



60 

1,190 
60 

193 
10 

4 

105 

1,085 

105 

232 



35 
565 

35 
649 



375 
8,170 

375 
4,284 



90 
850 

1,015 



395 

75 

41,505 

15 

45 

10 

5 

50 

31,160 

40 

10 



190 

58,015 

100 

85 

5 

360 
704,595 
20 
65 
30 

130 
95 
20 



325 

109,205 
35 
235 
35 

20 

395 

208,620 

10 

265 
80 
40 



325 
7,250 
2,908 

325 
2,908 



45 

585 
45 
110 



65 

885 

65 

180 



315 
5,615 

315 
2,529 



55 

580 
535 



360 
40 
,980 
15 
25 



20 

3,400 

20 



200 

59,195 

100 

95 

5 

215 
223,035 
30 
35 
75 
60 
15 



280 
63,835 

55 
195 

30 



360 

106,270 

40 

260 
40 
20 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 8.-Vegetable farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



59 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars . 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold. dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting. 

number. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting. 

number. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting , 

number. 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. 

number. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head farms report] ng . 

5 to 9 head farms re[iorting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting . 

SO to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 or more head farms reporting". 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting, 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Born since June 1 farms reporting. 

number , 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting , 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting , 

numlier. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting . 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . 

number. 

Chickens! months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Caule and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number . 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

n umber . 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reputing. 

pounds . 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at and of table. 



Total ail 
commercial farms 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 

655,414 
30,693 
87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 

4,342 

10,777 

11,910 

11,868 

3,361 

557 

404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



Economic class 



32,238,835 

19,305 

30,700,636 

3,009,283 

25,479,867 

1,704,262 

507,224 

1,538,199 

790,764 

442,328 

305,107 



268 
5,303 

208 
2,098 

186 
1,580 

201 

2,597 

109 

608 



80 

67 

15 

6 

11 

4 

2 

1 

140 
218 

98 
1,457 

67 
864 

52 
593 

15 
1,250 

15 
320 

15 
930 

15 
915 

10 

15 

243 
36,865 



211 

2,682 

251,672 

37 

1,220 

37,820 

15 

735 

10,290 

69 

10,136,621 

442,328 

79 
614,910 

93 
472,830 
174,949 



16,837,063 

93,539 

15,803,073 

1,349,175 

13,422,242 

949,701 

81,955 

1,033,990 

699,910 

232,933 

101,147 



38 

2,373 
18 

928 
16 

775 



31 

1,242 

19 

203 



1 
6 
4 
2 

1 

20 

33 

3 

222 

2 

119 

2 

103 



13 

18,100 



31 

1,002 

93,487 

7 

210 

6,510 



14 

5,076,856 

232,933 

4 

607,394 

8 

247,880 

91,716 



6,245,237 
27,757 

5,975,853 
758,806 

4,572,915 
533,057 
111,075 
269,384 
66,254 
147,610 

55,520 



45 
1,285 

40 
660 

30 
385 

35 

375 

30 

250 



10 
30 
10 

100 
5 
80 
10 
20 



50 
9,790 



50 

640 

52,575 

5 

95 

2,945 



20 

3,350,850 

147,610 

30 

5,481 

25 

164,250 

60,773 



4,374,147 

14,341 

4,268,061 

414,016 

3,664,445 

62,175 

127,425 

106,086 

2,656 

27,785 

75,645 



45 
730 

30 
185 

25 
115 



40 

490 

25 

55 



3,069,960 

7,772 

2,962,662 

334,653 

2,372,660 

108,265 

147,084 

107,298 

12,539 

32,055 

62,704 



70 
660 

60 
235 

55 
220 

55 
345 
25 
80 



30 




45 


35 




75 


10 




40 


270 




750 


10 




30 


160 




415 


5 




20 


110 




335 


5 




5 


500 




510 


5 




5 


25 




190 


5 




5 


475 




320 


5 




5 


475 




310 

5 
10 


25 




45 


1,070 


3 


,740 


40 




55 


545 




420 


63, 565 


35 


,975 


5 




15 


100 




775 


3,100 


24 


,025 


5 




5 


500 




95 


7,000 


1 


330 


10 




15 


782,825 


876,130 


27,785 


32 


055 


10 




15 


806 




729 


5 




20 


5,000 


31 


635 


1,850 


11 


705 



1,426,135 

3,961 

1,412,264 

143,895 

1,217,130 

43,054 

8,185 

13,871 

7,750 

645 

5,476 



40 
110 
35 
45 
35 
45 

20 
60 
5 
5 



25 

35 
25 
75 
10 
50 
15 
25 

5 
240 

5 
105 

5 
135 

5 
130 

5 

5 

60 
2,595 



20 

30 

2,695 



5 

140 

1,960 

5 

27,600 

645 

10 

372 

15 

19,940 

7,378 



60 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 3 of 8.-Vegetable farms 

{ptta are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PHODUCTS-Conlinued 

Litters fartowed December 1, 1958, to Novembef 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. . 

number or litters . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

'arms reporting, 
number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters . 



lor 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or mere litters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



SPECIFIED CHOI'S HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms 



Under 1 1 acres. . . . 
11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain 



.farms 
.farms 
.farms 
.farms 
.farms 
.farms 
.farms 



reporting, 
acres . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
acres . 

bushels, 
reporting. 

bushels . 



Wheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Barley harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Rye harvested farms reporting. , 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales., farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans ./...farms reporting. 

acres. 
100-lb. bags. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres. 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested , farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580, 103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 
81,034 
836,491 



2,684,057 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 

10,900 
18,339 | 



26 

187 
10 

5 
10 

1 



239 

4,970 

137 

51 

26 

8 

3 

14 

217 

3,502 

182,660 

111 

112,975 

409 

8,619 

275,389 

378 
257,072 

253 

3,567 

202,503 

142 

98,583 

40 

1,530 

35,130 

29 

29,180 

114 

1,685 

37,489 

76 

29,315 

10 

115 

1,100 

5 

875 



90 

4,194 
41,550 



150 

3,118 

6,652 

37 

995 



209 

3,240 

5,179 

75 

1,400 



10 

110 

220 

5 

200 

26 

450 
765 
15 

300 



6 

26 

102 

16 
365 
450 



44 

1,630 

22 

6 

6 

3 

3 

4 

37 

1,032 

61,050 

16 

36,800 

74 

3,939 

127,419 

73 
121,032 

28 

717 

48,428 

12 
17,478 

10 

290 

7,800 

4 

6,700 

39 

1,115 

25,394 

31 
21,490 



10 
1,234 
11,610 



1,829 



25 

1,233 

3,087 

2 

150 



14 

505 
999 
10 
530 



1 
80 
160 



1 

11 
52 

6 

280 
280 



50 

1,270 

10 

30 



45 

850 

50,950 

25 
35,325 

60 
1,060 
35,260 

55 
33,560 

30 

350 

17,400 

10 

4,340 

5 

50 

2,000 

5 

500 

30 

250 

5,835 

15 
3,500 



20 
1,275 
15,175 



20 

505 

600 

5 

50 



40 

965 

,585 

5 

200 



10 
175 

1. 10 
5 
50 



15 
170 

10 
5 



10 
130 

7,500 



85 

1,560 

48,700 

80 

43,230 

60 
1,275 
70,310 

35 
41,630 

5 

1,000 

20,000 

5 
18,000 

10 

100 

1,260 

5 

700 



30 
980 

B . 8 31 



1,580 



50 

980 

1,960 

15 
375 



25 

350 

465 

10 

140 



5 

100 

200 

5 

200 

5 
150 
225 

5 
225 



70 

1,265 

45 

5 

15 



70 

990 

44,450 

40 
27,600 

105 

1,085 

33,765 

90 

31,150 

80 

795 

44,565 

45 

25,335 

10 
80 

2,780 
5 

1,430 

10 

20 

1,050 

5 

300 



15 

440 

4,085 



1,025 



25 

255 
710 
10 

375 



55 

770 

1,235 

20 
230 



45 

585 
35 

5 



45 

465 

17,460 

30 
13,250 

65 

885 

27,650 

65 

25,755 

40 

365 

19,200 

40 

9,800 

10 

110 

2,550 

10 
2,550 

15 

180 

3,500 

15 
3,125 

10 

115 

1,100 

5 

875 



15 

265 

1,850 



20 

110 

170 

5 

45 



60 
430 
565 

30 
300 



10 
85 
170 



NEW YORK 



61 



State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 3 of 8.-Vegetable farms 



BY 







| Data are based n 


n reports for only a s 


ample of farms. See text] 










Hem 


sep text) 


Total all 
commercial farms 






Economic class 








(For definitions and explanations 


Total 


Class I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


SPECIFIED CROPS rURVESTED-Conlinued 


















Irish potatoes harvested for home 


.farms reporting... 

acres 2 . . 

hundredweight. . . 


5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 


266 

4,901 
954,405 


41 

2,237 

492,860 


40 

1,419 

256,420 


80 

543 

91,270 


45 

569 

90,750 


45 

108 

20,680 


15 

25 

2,425 




. farms reporting . . . 


5,857 


1,670 


180 
13,422,242 

79 
19,186 


225 


305 


395 


360 
1,217,130 

60 
353 


205 
230,475 

45 
58 


Beans, snap (bush and 


.farms reporting... 
acres... 


XXX 
XXX 


414 
23,168 


90 
2,693 


95 
829 


45 
49 




.farms reporting. . . 
acres . . . 


XXX 
XXX 


325 
2,134 


10 
176 


55 

112 


85 
1,296 


85 
288 


55 
244 


35 
18 






.farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


127 
1,439 


27 
851 


20 
205 


35 
81 


25 
283 


5 
3 


15 
16 




.farms reporting... 
acres . . . 


XXX 
XXX 


630 
4,658 


80 
1,830 


130 
1,060 


135 
683 


155 
817 


90 
192 


40 
76 




-farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


228 
514 


28 
102 


30 
101 


40 
183 


50 
48 


30 
38 


50 
42 




.farms reporting... 
acres — 


XXX 
XXX 


423 
1,574 


23 
270 


60 
275 


85 
296 


105 
512 


105 

191 


45 

30 






. farms reporting. . . 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


282 
1,759 


52 
859 


50 
396 


60 
227 


60 
168 


40 
74 


20 
35 




.farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


157 
1,458 


17 
1,015 


15 
165 


40 
60 


45 
150 


30 
45 


10 
23 




.farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


443 
17,030 


63 
9,257 


85 
2,414 


75 
2,542 


70 
1,054 


85 
1,473 


65 
290 






.farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


401 
2,370 


46 
1,179 


80 
537 


65 
227 


90 
343 


35 
28 


85 
56 




. farms reporting. . . 
acres. .. 


XXX 
XXX 


546 
3,684 


66 
1,148 


80 
740 


120 
1,005 


115 
354 


120 
362 


45 
75 




.farms reporting... 
acres. . . 


XXX 
XXX 


604 
10,478 


59 
3,903 


40 
785 


90 
1,589 


170 
2,365 


145 
1,321 


100 
515 




.farms reporting... 
acres . . . 


XXX 
XXX 


166 
2,289 


26 
1,097 


30 
420 


25 
511 


25 
37 


25 
213 


35 
11 






XXX 
XXX 


325 
672 


20 
106 


65 
114 


60 
226 


65 

112 


55 

71 


60 




acres . . . 


43 






XXX 
XXX 


166 
718 


16 
118 


40 
149 


55 
365 


15 
47 


30 
31 


10 




acres . . . 


8 






XXX 
XXX 


225 
1,670 


35 
675 


50 
500 


35 
174 


60 
224 


30 
76 


15 




acres. . . 


21 






XXX 

XXX 


407 
1,280 


37 
451 


65 
292 


90 
272 


70 
124 


55 
81 


90 




acres . . . 


60 




..farms reporting... 
acres . . . 


XXX 
XXX 


670 
7,230 


65 
2,496 


130 
2,096 


130 
1,305 


145 
1,015 


85 
176 


115 
142 




. .farms reporting. . . 
acres. . . 


XXX 

XXX 


70 
351 


10 
35 


5 
50 


35 
97 


10 
165 


5 
3 


5 

1 




..farms reporting — 

acres . . . 

quarts . . . 


1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 


181 

790 

2,189,241 


21 

449 

1,438,546 


40 

215 

527,050 


25 

31 

81,000 


25 

60 

87,500 


35 

25 

40,675 


35 

10 

14,470 


Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 


. .farms reporting — 
acres. . . 


6,626 
162,076 


245 
3,605 


35 
1,473 


70 
1,271 


20 
300 


55 
238 


35 
236 


30 
87 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



62 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(Pot definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

ncres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. 

Improved pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Irrigated land in (arms farms reporting. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . 

acre9. 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting . 

acres. 
Land in 9lnp-cropping systems For 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . 

acres. 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . 

Under 25 years number. 

25 to 14 years number . 

35 to 44 years number . 

45 to 54 years number. 

55 to 64 years number . 

65 or more years number . 

Average age years . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 or more days operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Operators not working off their Farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres .number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



56,760 
XXX 

11, 524, 704 

xxx 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 



54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226, 575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 
983 
6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 
7,481 
49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 
5,279 
11,626 
2,322 
275 
45 



2,694 
100.0 
301,554 
100.0 
111.9 

37,273 
346.72 

2,694 

175,951 

170 

340 

430 

585 

676 

362 

121 

9 

1 

516 

8,756 

1,307 

31,675 

429 

8,317 

1,069 

23,358 

167 

3,170 

1,568 

39,763 

450 

11,302 

132 

2,241 

169 
3,867 

197 
4,927 

65 
2,505 

35 

1,605 

26 

187 



2,669 
25 
256 
517 
660 
741 
470 
52.1 



996 
400 
95 
501 
315 

624 

435 

1,698 
392 



870 
171 



45 
720 
425 
410 
420 
250 

155 
73 

145 
43 



194 

7.2 

67,759 

22.5 

349.3 



115,678 
350.21 



194 
45,956 



11 
82 
91 
9 

1 

41 
1,326 

82 
3,705 

34 
1,222 

59 
2,483 

7 

305 

US 

6,403 

15 

2,057 

7 

176 

29 
1,517 

17 
2,462 



189 
5 
21 
62 
60 
31 
10 
46.2 



163 
22 



380 

14.1 

65,615 

21.8 

172.7 



61,114 
347.04 



380 
42,590 



20 
175 
160 

25 



80 

1,505 

110 

3,445 

50 

1,045 

100 

2,400 

15 
4S0 

260 

10,110 

65 

2,480 

35 

735 

30 
980 

35 
535 

15 
400 

5 

250 



380 

55 
100 

95 
105 

25 
48.4 



120 
80 
5 
35 
40 



260 
55 



125 
15 



10 
25 
40 
100 
65 

55 
25 

50 
10 



600 

22.3 

66,875 

22.2 

111.5 



38,523 
352.60 

600 

40,600 

10 
40 
140 
325 
80 
5 



140 
2,060 

275 
6,440 

120 
2,350 

200 
4,090 

45 
820 
400 
7,130 
120 
3,315 
35 
765 

60 

705 

50 
655 

15 
395 

15 

1,050 

15 

70 



600 

40 
115 
125 
205 
115 
53.8 



155 
85 
15 
55 

60 

110 

30 

445 
115 

220 

25 



70 
105 
140 
140 



665 

24.7 

52,120 

17.3 

78.4 

25,831 
336.43 

665 
26,205 

70 
190 
260 
125 

20 



95 
1,845 

380 
8,520 

115 
1,590 

305 
6,930 

40 

760 

395 

8,705 

85 

1,070 

20 

175 

40 

630 

55 
905 

5 

30 

5 

220 

5 

75 



660 
5 
95 
105 
165 
160 
130 
51.7 



295 

95 

25 

175 

105 

190 

150 

370 

95 

190 
55 



215 
160 
125 



680 

25.2 

40,265 

13.4 

59.2 

20,052 
359.05 



680 
18,365 
100 
190 
185 
145 
40 
20 



130 
1,690 

365 

6,635 

80 

1,265 

320 
5,370 

50 

760 

290 

5,525 

145 

2,125 

25 

265 

10 



35 

360 



20 
250 



670 

15 

30 

105 

170 

160 

190 

55.0 



365 
90 
50 
225 
105 

200 

230 

315 

70 

195 
70 



20 
345 
110 
90 
60 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Seo lexC }■ 



63 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial forms 



Economic class 



F4RMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OFERATOR 

All latm opetatots: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number.. 

\1 1 tenants number. . 

Casb tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number . . 

Crop-share tenanls number. . 

Livestock -share tenanls number. . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number. . 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms report inc. . 

numlior.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Field forage ban esters farms reporting. . 

number* • 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting* . 

number. . 

Tractors other than garden forms reporliag. . 

number. . 

1 tractor farms report in;-. . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

I tractors forms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Automobiles and/of motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine forms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

'.ulk-type forms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for groin, forage, or other crops) farms reporlintr. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved. forms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface rood farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles Terms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting , . 

persons . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) forms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Forms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting . . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or A hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



34,590 
18,877 
2,908 

1,558 
210 

U0 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 

20,231 

10,237 

3,610 

2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



J' ,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



1,990 
581 
90 

40 
5 
5 

10 
30 



1,985 
581 
90 



178 
178 
98 
98 
236 
237 

92 

92 

2,153 

3,600 

2,563 
6,364 
2,523 
5,728 

880 
835 
472 
167 
169 

2,488 
5,216 
453 
512 
604 
636 

2,482 
3,395 
2,634 

2,518 
1,612 
228 
163 
21 
20 
518 



2,377 
174 
140 
120 

20 
20 



1,216 
6,723 



801 
1,932 



438 
172 
100 
52 
39 



2,424 
172 
98 



23 
23 
13 
13 
46 
47 

12 
12 
188 
560 



188 
1,074 

188 
1,008 



15 
27 
37 
109 

188 
876 
93 
132 
59 
66 

187 
355 

189 

188 

147 

18 

18 

6 

5 

93 



182 
9 



166 
2,138 



156 
807 



159 
17 
18 



215 

140 

15 

10 
5 



215 
140 
15 



50 
50 
15 
15 
60 
60 

30 

30 

360 

755 

380 
1,285 

375 
1,165 

20 
115 
135 
60 
45 

375 

1,060 
100 
105 
110 
120 

370 
635 
380 

375 
285 
45 
45 
5 
10 
115 



335 
30 

15 
15 



320 
1,960 



265 
520 



140 
80 
30 



355 
25 



420 
155 
20 



420 

155 

20 



45 
45 
30 
30 
55 
55 

10 
10 
550 



585 
1,505 

575 
1,355 

85 

265 

170 

45 

10 

575 
1,250 
105 
105 
140 
150 

575 
765 
585 

585 

385 

50 

45 



530 
25 
45 
40 

5 
5 



365 

1,685 



220 
375 



150 
30 
25 
15 



520 
60 
20 



510 
125 
20 



510 
125 
20 



30 
30 
15 
15 
40 
40 

30 

30 

515 

720 

640 
1,295 

635 
1,165 

250 

275 

80 

25 

5 

630 
1,050 
100 
115 
130 
130 

625 
755 
660 

620 

355 

45 

20 



610 
20 
35 
30 



190 
550 



100 
150 



615 

35 
15 



605 
50 
25 

5 

5 



605 
50 
25 



20 
20 
25 
25 
30 
30 

10 

10 

435 

555 

625 
970 
610 
840 

420 
150 
40 



580 
785 
55 
55 
125 
130 

605 
745 
660 

625 
365 
65 
30 
10 
5 
55 



580 
65 
35 
30 



150 

350 



615 
30 
35 



64 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fcrtilizinq 

materials used durinc the year fam.s reporting. . 

acres on which used . . 
tons i • 

Dry materi als farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid mal.Tiftls farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms rertorting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Com farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Wheat. farms reputing. , 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Ions.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Ions . . 
Liquid materials farms reporting:. . 

Ions.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year fanns reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
Ions .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 fnrms report mg . . 

S100 to $909 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to 51,999 farms reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. , 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

52,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under 5200 farms reporting.. 

$200 lo $099 fnrms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting . . 

$200 to 5400 farms reporting.. 

$500 to 5009 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to 52,499 farms reporting.. 

52,500 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 lo $9,990 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to S40.990 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. • 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to 5490 farms reporting. . 

5500 lo 5999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business f:iru rcpnrtin;;. . 

dollars. . 

Under 5100 farms reporting. . 

S100 to 5490 •. farms reporting. . 

S500 lo $909 farms reporli ng . . 

51,000 to 54,099 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 

553,226 

29,225 

100,034 

210 

854 

11,112 
196,548 
11,081 
32,203 
101 
267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 
816,873 
29,935 
169,615 
137 
951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30, 567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 

3,151 

2,696 

55,873 

33,871,663 

. 4,196 

27,261 

15,806 

8,367 

243 



2,269 

122,752 

20,738 

2,234 

20, 592 

45 

146 

233 

4,133 

233 



45 
500 
45 
86 



449 

5,175 
449 

1,057 
5 
2 

420 

4,561 

420 

879 

5 

7 

81 
500 

81 
348 



2,133 

107,883 

2,108 

17,384 

35 

137 

621 
10,821 
22,219 



2,679 

879 

851,255 

196 

450 

130 

76 

27 

439 

290,015 

347 

65 

21 

5 

1 

1,331 

628,834 

656 

515 
160 

2,414 
11,675,252 
120 
240 
345 
630 
400 
363 
202 
103 
11 

1,396 
581,009 
405 
710 
157 
124 

2,654 

1,656,562 

250 

1,281 

656 

449 

18 



179 

36,023 

6,297 

174 

6,283 

10 

14 

13 

473 

13 

85 



100 

5 

15 



29 
795 
29 

186 



30 
526 

30 
123 



178 
34,128 
173 
5,873 
10 
14 

71 
3,321 
6,669 



194 

44 

259,565 

1 
10 

5 
11 
17 

39 

113,905 
7 
15 
11 

5 
1 

76 
119,899 
11 
50 
15 

194 
4,394,732 



33 
72 
78 
11 
161 
224,139 
10 
75 
27 
49 

194 
413,837 

1 

31 

149 

13 



355 

31,609 

5,426 

345 

5,402 

15 

24 

55 
955 

55 
186 



20 

170 
20 

21 



80 

1,545 

80 

303 

5 

2 

50 

890 

50 

140 

5 

7 

25 
239 

25 
187 



345 

27,810 

340 

4,565 

5 

15 

155 
2,905 
6,710 



380 

125 

172,615 

10 

55 

30 

25 

5 

70 
68,295 
40 
20 
10 



180 

127,320 

55 

90 

35 

380 

3,293,960 

5 

5 

5 

15 

75 

155 

95 

25 

270 

147,655 

15 

170 
50 
35 

380 

418,390 

5 

45 

150 

175 

5 



550 

26,940 

4,440 

545 

4,365 

5 

75 

70 

1,145 

70 

286 



10 
115 
10 
30 



165 

1,730 

165 

391 



150 

1,605 

150 

373 



25 
195 

25 
127 



515 

22,150 

510 

3,158 

5 

75 

210 
2,940 
5,595 



595 
240 

231,310 
30 
125 
65 
15 
5 

130 

54,660 

115 

15 



330 

142,880 
180 

110 
40 

570 

2,340,400 

15 

15 

30 

165 

160 

150 

35 



360 

105,545 

115 

165 

60 
20 

595 

385,130 
15 
220 
270 
90 



17,470 

2,920 

565 

2,887 

15 

33 

55 
935 

55 
156 



75 

430 
75 
74 



85 

780 
85 

129 



540 
15,300 
530 
2,508 
15 
33 

95 

855 

1,665 



665 
190 

102,040 
45 
115 
15 
15 

100 

30,760 

90 

10 



290 

105,150 

145 

110 

35 

595 

1,094,005 

20 

50 

105 

255 

140 

25 



300 

56,515 

120 

155 
15 
10 

660 

264,650 

25 

460 

145 

30 



500 
9,485 
1,408 

500 
1,408 



30 

410 

30 

50 



10 
115 
10 
20 



90 
650 
90 

101 



90 
685 

90 
105 



470 
7,585 

470 
1,119 



70 

600 

1,290 



675 
235 
78,555 
85 
125 
15 
10 

95 

21,895 

90 

5 



390 
125,980 
215 
145 
30 

580 
473,660 
55 
155 
170 
180 
20 



235 

41,490 

100 

120 

5 

10 

665 
145,840 
140 
475 
45 
5 



NEW YORK 



65 



State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
eommercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits ami nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry jroducts sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves. 



arms reporting. 

number . , 
amis reporting., 

number, 
arms reporting., 

number. 

'arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 



1 hand: 



Farms reporting by number ,' 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reponmg. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head fanns reporting. . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting- ■ 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. • 

100 to 499 head farms re|xjrling. . 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have caived- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head farms sporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head rarms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

HorSeS and/Or muleS. farms reporting.. 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Born since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and cal ves sold abve farms reporting . . 

number.. 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. 

numlier. . 

dollars.. 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting.. 

pounds. . 

dollars. . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens . . 

dollars. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



748,591, 476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43, 586 
1,169,991 

42,736 

655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,232 

23,407 

11, 807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11, 596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



41,723,086 

15,487 

39,873,547 

954,687 

1,691,680 

37,017,302 

209,878 

1,849,539 

593,525 

622,430 

633,584 



615 
9,793 

509 
4,287 

373 
2,520 

469 
3,678 

363 
1,828 



70 
146 
100 
125 
146 

21 
7 



135 

221 

90 

30 

21 

5 

6 

1 



130 

155 

50 

15 

21 

1 

1 



288 
568 

191 

2,755 

91 

1,715 

156 
1,040 

56 
2,247 

51 
698 

51 
1,549 

51 
1,343 

41 
206 

492 
112,875 



444 

4,249 

499,425 

106 

3,295 

102, 145 

36 

1,611 

22,554 

193 

14,670,178 

622,430 

266 

54,063 

321 

1,453,070 

537,637 



13,851,905 
71,402 

13,386,271 
178,522 
934,445 

12,244,529 

28,775 

465,634 

139,483 

132,450 

193,701 



40 
1,418 

29 
562 

18 
375 

34 
518 

23 
338 



13 
38 
16 
1,135 
11 

785 
11 

350 

1 
32 

1 
23 

1 

9 



22 
22,755 



34 

869 

138,455 

16 

1,685 

52,235 

1 

86 

1,204 

13 

3,029,230 

132,450 

21 

5,890 

21 

361,060 

133,593 



10,540,660 

27,739 

9.976,276 

204,759 

301,345 

9,464,609 

5,563 

564,384 

106,793 

312,040 

145,551 



100 

3,225 

85 

1,760 

50 

1,015 



85 

1,125 

65 

340 



20 
65 

5 
305 

5 
90 

5 
215 

5 
210 

5 

5 

45 
17,245 



95 

1,530 

141,740 



5 

190 

2,660 

45 

7,019,385 

312,040 

30 

26,999 

30 

213,970 

79,169 



9,006,710 

15,011 

8,509,515 

346,935 

265,705 

7,842,353 

54,522 

497,195 

242,281 

96,295 

158,619 



155 
2,295 
120 
830 
90 
490 

140 

1,040 

90 

425 



65 

160 
35 

740 
15 

435 
35 

305 

15 
660 

10 
105 

15 
555 

15 
540 

10 

15 



165 
44,940 



125 

810 

118,630 

30 

895 

27,745 

15 

755 

10,570 

55 

2,412,975 

96,295 

120 

15,376 

135 

610,555 

225,905 



5,306,208 

7,979 

5,129,279 

115,277 

143,175 

4,781,217 

89,610 

176,929 

53,402 

66,045 

57,482 



130 
1,360 
115 
565 
90 
360 

100 

470 

80 

325 



70 
135 

55 
360 

25 
210 

45 
150 

10 

550 

10 

160 

5 

390 

5 

230 

5 

160 

100 
14,690 



85 

445 

41,470 

20 

300 

9,300 

5 

300 

4,200 

40 

1,551,211 

66,045 

35 

2,155 

45 

138,505 

51,247 



2,786,200 

4,097 

2,654,415 

104,371 

31,310 

2,487,646 

31,088 

131,785 

49,422 

14,160 

68,203 



150 
1,370 
125 
515 
95 
230 

95 
480 

90 
375 



80 
140 

55 
440 

35 
275 

40 
165 

10 
450 

10 
210 

10 
240 

10 

235 

5 

5 



130 
12,095 



75 

470 

49,625 

40 

415 

12,865 

10 

280 

3,920 

35 

609,377 

14,160 

50 

3,534 

80 

123,480 

45,688 



66 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

[t)aU are based on reports for only a Simple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, SCO text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters. . 
20 to 39 litters.. 
40 to 69 litters.. 
70 or more litters. 
June 2 to November 



Under 11 acres. .. . 
11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested For grain 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Contimied 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

'arms reporting . 

'arms reporting . 

'arms reporting . 

arms reporting . 

Farms reporting . 
number of litters. 

December I to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . 

acres, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting . 
acres .. 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Barley harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Itye harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels. . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres., 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
100- lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tans. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

£ales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels . 

See footnoteB at end of table. 



3,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 

836,491 



2,684,057 

25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162, 611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 

8,716 

146,381 

953,104 

829 

10,900 

18,339 



71 

457 

25 

35 

6 

5 



51 

274 
51 

183 



464 
5,310 
300 
115 
36 
13 



398 

3,808 

209,770 

176 

108,960 

501 

5,356 

154,394 

436 

143,014 

416 

4,106 

213,735 

168 

76,475 

32 

220 

4,485 

LL 
2,850 

97 

808 

19,560 

47 

13,775 



50 
625 

7,610 



371 

7,115 

17, 556 

137 

5,171 



468 

8,695 

15,807 

120 

3,525 



15 

95 

145 

5 

5 

99 

1,549 

2,301 

16 

895 

32 
775 
3,400 
15 
65 
95 



11 
197 

5 
1 
5 



6 

129 

11 

68 



29 
795 



28 

578 

28,675 

11 

9,025 

31 
526 

17,614 

31 

17,294 

16 

391 

23,455 

3 

9,230 

7 

70 

1,560 

1 

600 

17 

383 

12,225 

12 

9,365 



5 

210 

3,300 



1,929 

21 

755 

1,756 

7 

206 



18 

865 

2,652 

5 

1,000 



9 
214 
526 

1 
270 

7 
95 
695 



1,545 

30 

30 

15 

5 



60 

810 

51,575 

25 

30,350 

60 

975 

31,480 

60 
30,955 

70 

990 

56,360 

15 

8,835 

5 

20 

250 



5 

15 

150 

5 
150 



85 
2,755 
7,340 

25 
1,425 



60 

1,490 

2,545 

15 

505 



10 
85 
135 



25 
215 
355 



20 

665 

2,505 





135 




10 




5 




15 




80 




10 




55 




165 


1 


,730 




115 




40 




10 




135 


1 


,395 


79 


,985 




80 


54,460 




160 


1 


,745 


50 


850 




135 


45 


500 




120 




985 


55 


400 




40 


18 


725 




5 




55 


1 


625 




5 


1 


500 




25 




120 


2 


685 




15 


1 


435 



25 

305 

3,585 



4,205 

110 

1,960 

4,515 

55 

2,215 



115 

1,870 

3,300 

35 

760 



25 

360 

560 

5 

125 

5 
15 

200 



465 
60 

15 



75 

360 

20,235 

25 

6,100 

120 

1,140 

28,370 

95 

25,660 

95 

905 

40,325 

55 

23,725 

10 
65 

850 
5 

750 

20 
45 

790 
5 

250 



5 
10 
100 



3,135 

80 
1,115 
2,665 

35 
1,215 



100 

1,735 

3,675 

25 

535 



15 

285 

285 

5 

10 



100 

735 

80 

15 



635 

28,550 

35 

9,025 

115 
890 

24,215 
105 

22,315 

110 
810 

37,195 
50 

15,110 

5 

10 

200 



25 

215 

3,460 

10 
2,575 



10 
90 
500 



3,535 

60 

455 

1,135 

10 

95 



155 

2,595 

3,425 

40 

725 



5 

10 

10 

5 

5 

25 

475 

575 

5 

490 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Cpntinued 

Part 4 of 8.-Fruit-and-nut farms 

lima are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text ] 



67 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Conlinued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting. ■ 

acres 2 , 
hundredweight. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Raspberries farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
quarts . . 

Strawberries farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
quarts . . 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Apples 3 farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 

Cherries, sour 3 farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number.. 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

pounds. . 

Cherries, sweet 3 farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

pounds . . 

Grapes 3 farms reporting. . 

Vines of all ages number. . 

Vines not of bearing age number. . 

Vines of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

pounds. . 

Peaches farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Pears 3 farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number. . 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Plums and prunes farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age number. . 

Trees of bearing age number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 



Total nil 
commercial fapns 



5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 

xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 
xxx 



Economic class 



171 

517 

82,700 

526 
1,691,680 

273 

1,093 

806,855 

340 

1,258 

3,425,865 



2,628 
126,606 

1,858 

2,820,834 

663,447 

2,157,387 

1,733 

16,762,915 

1,186 
770,770 
137,839 
632,931 

1,061 
33,870,090 

993 

152,587 

38,971 

113,616 

838 

9,831,024 

1,275 

13,951,700 

800,560 

13,151,140 

1,245 

123,276,620 

1,046 

467,277 

82,060 

385,217 

855 

603,722 

1,141 
342,647 
115,130 
227,517 
930 
460,569 

1,018 

189,301 

33,348 

155,953 

838 

158,280 



1 
1 
50 

71 
934,445 

13 

222 

244,340 

35 
497 

2,034,240 



193 
34,185 

168 
923,716 
274,417 
649,299 

168 
6,419,220 

121 

216,885 

75,789 

141,096 

116 

8,412, 110 

103 

52,277 

16,536 

35,741 

98 

4,224,899 

40 

3,216,910 

335,735 

2,881,175 

40 

25,151,590 

71 

49,797 

9,500 

40,297 

70 
90,772 

101 
64,892 
30,030 
34,862 
90 
84,999 

98 

38, 581 

7,973 

30,608 

88 
39,385 



50 

241 

36,315 

85 
301,345 

45 

174 

210, 110 

55 

201 

383,865 



380 
31,951 

360 
830,043 
176,990 
653,053 

355 
5,006,835 

230 

208,820 

12,310 

196,510 

215 

10,748,545 

240 

43,830 

6,035 

37,795 

200 

2,600,895 

85 

886,210 

30,500 

855,710 

85 

10,844,150 

195 
135,250 
28,070 
107,180 

175 
218,760 

185 
92,110 
26,380 
65,730 

155 
187,185 

195 
59,590 
9,405 
50,185 

170 
57,785 



55 

201 

39,890 

130 
265,705 

45 

89 

49,680 

65 

210 

430,800 



600 
29,266 

475 
631,985 
120,135 
511,850 

475 
3,402,680 

355 

197,055 

28,165 

168,890 

340 

9,740,755 

250 

22,220 

6,005 

16,215 

240 

1,397,495 

230 

2,426,335 

109,285 

2,317,050 

230 

28,110,420 

290 
139,320 
25,995 
113,325 

250 
182,570 

275 
93,140 
35,540 
57,600 

245 
97,630 

290 

50,275 

8,400 

41,875 

270 
33,580 



30 

28 

1,825 

110 
143,175 

55 

272 

104,185 

80 

215 

356,700 



625 
18,381 

405 

277,090 

60,105 

216,985 

370 

1,410,260 

255 

96,065 

9,125 

86,940 

225 

3,454,155 

185 

19,825 

6,255 

13,570 

145 

838,605 

375 

3,982,550 

136,750 

3,845,800 

370 

35,636,365 

215 
85,110 
11,585 
73,525 

170 
66,255 

270 
56,320 
16,500 
39,820 

215 
53,455 

190 
22,620 
4,170 
18,450 
165 
14,550 



30 

43 

4,545 



70 

177 

158,780 

65 

98 

177,760 



670 

11,320 

375 
148,670 
30,440 
118,230 

320 
502,315 

190 
50,355 
12,450 
37,905 

145 
1,444,025 

190 

11,810 

2,925 

8,885 

135 

704,130 

425 

2,935,980 

184,740 

2,751,240 

415 

21,745,395 

220 

54,175 

6,320 

47,855 

155 
42,805 

230 
31,260 
4,740 
26,520 

180 
34,085 

190 
17,005 
3,155 
13,850 

115 
12,315 



5 

3 

75 

50 
15,700 

45 

159 

39,760 

40 

37 

42,500 



160 
1,503 

75 
9,330 
1,360 
7,970 

45 
21,605 

35 
1,590 

1,590 

20 

70,500 

25 

2,625 

1,215 

1,410 

20 

65,000 

120 

503,715 

3,550 

500,165 

105 

1,788,700 

55 

3,625 

590 

3,035 

35 

2,560 

80 
4,925 
1,940 
2,985 

45 
3,215 

55 

1,230 
245 
985 
30 
665 



1 Includes mi IV equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



68 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 5 of 8.-Poultry farms 

Pain are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Foonomic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Faims number .-. 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars. . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

litigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control Tarms reporting.. 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number.. 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number.. 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



56,760 
XXX 

11,524,704 

XXX 

203.0 

28,011 
139.90 

54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226, 575 

1,825 

63,271 



4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 
983 
6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 
7,481 
49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 



8,429 
5,827 



38,894 
6,879 



12,654 
1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 

5,279 

11,626 

2,322 

275 

45 



3,693 

100.0 

327,484 

100.0 

88.7 

27,093 
312.68 

2,174 

98,142 

479 

355 

276 

361 

454 

218 

21 

10 



937 

19,778 

1,338 

44,142 

278 

7,460 

1,195 

36,682 

344 

8,422 

1,789 

79,793 

909 

33,166 

171 

2,446 

36 
365 

152 
3,135 

90 
2,860 

66 
2,210 

26 
1,126 



3,645 
25 
338 
760 
986 
986 
550 
51.5 



1,132 
483 
116 
533 
336 

627 

556 

2,561 
433 

1,105 

242 



705 
1,116 
352 
417 
403 
238 

153 

76 

178 

49 

3 

3 



420 

11.4 

64,696 

19.8 
154.0 

69,438 
455.70 

207 
21,194 
29 
20 
11 
29 
54 
43 
11 
10 



119 
3,691 

132 

5,897 

38 

1,490 

109 
4,407 

24 

302 

251 

17,854 

144 

9,211 

51 

1,086 



6 
210 



27 
,225 



15 

1,240 



16 

715 



412 

58 
134 
115 
70 
35 
46.9 



87 
63 

6 

18 
31 

52 

11 

333 

37 



40 
141 
27 
17 
58 
26 

23 
15 
43 
24 
3 



631 

17.1 

70,370 

21.5 

111.5 

30,694 
273.94 

345 
20,680 
45 
40 
45 
55 
90 
60 
10 



136 
4,392 

195 

6,905 

40 

1,765 

170 
5,140 



3,310 

296 

14,310 

175 

9,700 

35 

420 

10 
75 

25 
885 

25 

855 

20 

685 

5 

375 



626 

85 
195 
211 
115 

20 
46.2 



140 
60 
25 
55 
35 



491 
66 



175 
15 



85 
180 
35 
90 
65 
55 

40 

5 

65 

10 



821 
22.2 

71,645 
21.9 
87.3 

22,823 
267.78 

551 
26,330 

115 
60 
45 

116 

135 



246 
3,985 

311 

8,760 

80 

1,590 

266 
7,170 

90 

1,040 

446 

16,506 

220 

4,305 

45 

415 

10 
25 



45 
495 

20 
355 

20 
600 

10 
175 



821 

5 

85 

170 

245 

231 

85 

50.3 



260 
150 
25 
85 
60 

140 

75 

561 
115 

206 

50 



145 
220 
65 
80 
140 
75 

40 
20 
35 



760 
20.6 
58,120 
17.7 
76.5 

21,090 
284.86 

405 
15,835 
65 
55 
75 
80 

105 
25 



210 

4,390 

290 

10,335 

60 

1,110 

270 

9,225 

50 

1,030 

325 

15,890 

175 

4,760 

30 

500 



40 
480 



15 
295 



5 
375 



755 
15 
70 
115 
155 
255 
145 
52.9 



30 
140 
75 

135 

130 

495 
85 

230 

30 



180 

225 

75 

110 

55 

35 

30 
20 
20 
10 



845 

22.9 

49,965 

15.3 
59.1 

15,514 
277.99 

550 
12,510 
180 
130 
95 
70 
65 
10 



175 
2,595 

325 

9,495 

55 

1,465 

300 
8,030 

55 

1,500 

370 

12,285 

145 

3,665 



15 

115 



10 

210 



830 
5 
35 
115 
205 
205 
265 
57.1 



365 

100 

30 

235 

130 

195 

290 

480 
95 

300 

140 



210 
295 
105 
100 
50 
40 

10 

15 

15 

5 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 5 of 8.-Poultry farms 

(Data are based on reports for only a sample of forms. See textf 



69 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All fatm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Cash tenants number . . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

Livestock-share tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number.. 

Nonwhite fann operators 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines famis reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 

1 tractor farms reporting . . 

2 tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors famis reporting . . 

number.. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Bulk-type farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting . . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved. farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting . . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting . . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



34,590 

18,877 

2,908 

1,558 
210 

140 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17, 552 

38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 

66,406 
55,176 

52, 209 

39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 
1,577 
1,122 



19,631 
44,781 



15, 376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



3,047 

497 

92 

45 

5 



3,032 

497 

92 



600 
611 
419 
424 
581 
582 

131 

131 

2,075 

2,761 

2,818 
4,909 
2,443 

3,801 



683 
204 
49 

21 

2,391 

3,575 

199 

226 

1,060 
1,108 

3,297 
4,278 
3,526 

3,560 

2,653 

360 

345 

21 

73 

1,190 



2,835 
459 
328 
202 

126 
61 
65 



1,144 
2,303 



828 
,495 



490 
216 
83 

34 
5 



3,414 
150 
129 



332 
67 

17 

10 
5 



332 

67 
17 



70 
76 
59 
64 
80 
81 

16 

16 

352 

745 

345 
773 
300 
635 

126 
98 
43 
17 
16 

283 
549 
71 
86 
135 
138 

394 
665 
418 

413 
330 
30 
45 
1 
23 
219 



318 
38 
33 
12 

21 
11 
10 



332 
1,035 



301 
815 



89 
111 
62 
34 
5 



361 
40 
19 



500 

115 

5 



500 
115 

5 



125 
125 
100 
100 
160 
160 

55 

55 

471 

594 

516 
999 
471 
804 

245 
140 
65 

21 



456 
762 
41 
42 

185 
195 

581 
774 
621 

621 
491 
95 
85 
15 
30 
285 



501 
90 
40 
25 

15 
10 

5 



331 
586 



241 
321 



171 

65 

5 



581 
20 
30 



670 
*20 
20 



670 

120 

20 



200 
205 
125 
125 
146 
146 

35 

35 

496 

591 

631 

1,124 

566 

894 

300 

210 

50 

6 



561 
848 
41 
46 
225 
230 

761 
931 
806 

791 
601 
120 
100 

15 
326 



666 
65 
70 
50 



216 

347 



151 
174 



130 
20 

1 



771 
30 
20 



615 
120 
10 



610 
120 
10 



125 
125 
95 
95 
120 
120 

15 

15 

375 

410 

545 
855 
460 
655 

305 
115 
40 



460 
645 
10 
10 
200 
200 

660 
775 
725 

740 

495 

55 

65 

5 

5 

230 



560 
130 
70 
35 

35 
25 

10 



150 
195 



705 
45 
10 



740 
75 
20 



740 
75 
20 



70 
70 
35 
35 
65 
65 

10 
10 
310 
340 

615 
915 
515 
645 

415 

85 

5 

5 

5 

500 
610 
30 
35 
245 
270 

720 
905 
770 

805 

615 

50 

35 



640 
100 
90 
65 

25 
10 

15 



100 
120 



805 
10 
30 



70 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 5 of 8. -Poultry farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Ti.i.il all 
oommercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the >ear farms reporting. . 

acres on which used. . 
tons. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Corn. ....................*•*.*•>•••.••••• .farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Wheat farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms report! ng . . 

tons.. 

Liquid material* farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Irlfih potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons,. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

Ions.. 

Lime or limine materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres limed. . 
tons .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

SI 00 to $999 farms report! ng . . 

51,000 to SI, 999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting . . 

.$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry fanns reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under 51,000 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to $2,499 forms reporting.. 

52,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to 59,999 farms reporting.. 

$1(1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting . . 

5200 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 fan.is reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting, . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

SI 00 to $199 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more farms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,9X2 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 
553, 226 
29,225 
100,034 
210 
854 

11,112 
196,548 
11,081 
32,203 

101 
267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 
33,871,663 
4,196 
27,261 
15,806 
8,367 
243 



1,342 
56,066 
9,072 
1,342 
9,022 
10 
50 

181 

4,634 

181 

676 



31 

371 

31 

29 



879 

18,751 

879 

3,433 

10 

50 

670 

10,515 

670 

1,588 



62 
182 

62 
140 



956 

21,613 

956 

3,156 



422 
6,569 
12,715 



3,693 

3,658 

42,128,836 

25 

210 

405 

991 

2,027 

3,138 
6,556,993 

1,712 
782 
328 
202 
114 

1,022 

229,098 

635 

351 

36 

1,963 

4,957,929 

530 

265 

245 

352 

272 

204 

60 

33 

2 

1,179 

264,999 

545 

562 

44 

28 

3,476 

1,428,063 

975 

1,644 

567 

269 

21 



119 

12,124 

1,865 

119 
1,865 



34 
842 

34 
144 



1 
136 

1 



74 

4,446 

74 

786 



54 

2,113 

54 

270 



69 

4,586 

69 

656 



76 
1,595 
3,212 



420 

420 

20,226,321 



420 

385 
3,184,420 
46 
65 
78 
87 

109 

111 
49,553 
44 
46 
21 

385 
2,910,549 
20 
20 
10 
26 
92 

127 
55 
33 



117 
105,644 
25 
65 
14 
13 

408 

570,048 

25 

93 

102 

167 

21 



251 

13,535 

2,305 

251 

2,265 

5 

40 



165 
4,650 
165 
867 
5 
40 

105 

2,035 

105 

292 



190 

4,895 

190 

757 



91 
2,114 
4,183 



631 

631 

9,201,395 



10 
621 

571 
1,369,075 
105 
251 
145 
70 

145 

60,195 

55 

75 

15 

491 

1,111,090 

40 

65 

80 

145 

115 

41 

5 



201 

48,060 

60 

116 
15 
10 

606 
272,160 

85 
285 
190 

46 



351 
15,544 
2,565 

351 
2,565 



45 

,185 

45 

169 



240 

5,225 

240 

980 



201 

2,987 

201 

458 



281 

6,052 

281 

925 



115 
1,545 
2,750 



821 

811 

6,919,415 

5 

15 

125 

666 

731 
1,053,510 
390 
231 
75 
35 

266 

52,200 

161 

105 

446 
537,605 

120 
85 
80 
90 
50 
21 



305 

48,295 

105 

195 

5 



781 
272,330 
155 
441 
145 
40 



260 

9,275 

1,419 

260 

1,409 

5 

10 

30 

430 

30 

46 



10 

10"' 

10 

9 



190 

3,025 

190 

527 

5 

10 

135 

1,990 

135 

327 



210 

3,720 
210 
497 



75 

815 

1,545 



760 

750 

3,531,710 

5 

25 

50 

350 

320 

655 

552,325 

480 

145 

25 



220 

34,985 

140 



315 
269,300 

150 
50 
35 
55 
10 
15 



235 

31,755 

135 

90 

5 

5 

730 
170,960 
250 
390 
75 
15 



325 
5,330 
859 
325 
859 



30 

370 

30 

50 



200 

1,365 

200 

265 



165 

1,350 

165 

228 



180 
2,210 

180 



55 

450 

1,015 



845 
840 
2,040,150 
5 
90 
265 
480 

640 

368,010 

540 

85 

5 

10 

245 

30,185 

200 

45 

280 
111, 510 
170 
45 
30 
30 
5 



275 
26,250 

185 

85 

5 



765 

117,795 

340 

385 

40 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 5 of 8.-Poultry farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of forms. Soe lent] 



71 



lUrni 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE Of PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars. 

All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specially products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK V.ND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and hull calves . 



arms reporting. .. 

number... 
3 reporting.. . 

number. .. 
arms reporting... 

number. .. 

'arms reporting.. . 
number... 
i reporting. .. 
number . . . 



Farms reporting by number on Sand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 4 head farms reporting 

5 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 to 499 head farms reporting 

500 or more head farms reporting 

Cows, including heifers that have colved- 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . 

100 or more head farms reporting . 

Milk cows- 

1 head forms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head forms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting, 

75 to 99 head forms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

HofSeS and/or mutes forms reporting, 

number, 

HOgS and pigS farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting 

number . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting, 

number, 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting , 

number, 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting , 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting, 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting , 

number, 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock product 1 , sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive forms reporting. 

number 
dollars. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number 
dollars 

Sheep and lambs sold alive forms reporting 

number, 
dollars 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting 

pounds, 
dollars 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 
dollars 

See footnotes at end of table. 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 

655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 

4,342 

10,777 

11,910 

11,868 

3,361 

557 

404 



1,453 
4,144 
10, 590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976, 390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



72,883,370 

19,736 

3,172,504 

1,891,007 

401,995 

747,793 

131,709 

69,710,866 

66,939,702 

1,659,494 

1,111,670 



1,164 
16,978 

980 
8,139 

924 
6,624 



874 
7,113 

576 
1,726 



141 
333 
232 
195 
201 
47 
15 



300 

428 

136 

60 

26 

17 

7 

6 



320 

398 

101 

60 

26 

16 

2 

1 

290 
713 
411 

5,660 
188 

3,585 
326 

2,075 

179 
8,792 

154 
3,334 

143 
5,458 

128 
4,808 

117 

650 

3~196 
,343,376 



8,453 

78 L6 

183 

5,400 

167,400 

138 

9,054 

126,756 

386 

38,778,920 

1,659,494 

3,490 

14,074,500 

3,165 

105,713,400 

39,113,947 



35,292,548 

84,030 

924,332 

478,368 

160, 175 

246,590 

39,199 

34,368,216 

33,600,828 

530,409 

236,979 



108 
2,904 

74 
1,342 

68 
1,227 

73 

1,276 

71 

286 



20 

17 
6 

10 
1 

11 
2 
1 

34 
111 

40 
869 

23 
615 

35 
254 

9 
1,142 

9 
469 

8 
673 

8 
643 

7 
30 

290 
2,681,806 



73 

1,203 

153,706 

33 

1,005 

31,155 

18 

3,334 

46,676 

36 

12,178,693 

530,409 

359 

7,419, 147 

264 

37,669,890 

13,937,851 



16,744,792 

26,537 

764, 101 

408,001 

102,325 

227,797 

25,978 

15,980,691 

15,115,560 

542,270 

322,861 



150 
5,330 

135 
3,005 

120 
2,060 

125 

2,105 

85 

220 



35 
70 
50 

605 
30 

395 
35 

210 

20 
1,820 

20 
500 

20 
1,320 

20 
1,265 

15 

55 

490 
2,184,450 



120 

2,850 

258,495 

20 

240 

7,440 

25 

2,650 

37,100 

85 

13,047,443 

542, 270 

610 

3,904,041 

480 

28,392,355 

10,505,169 



11,961,369 

14,569 

761,631 

500,079 

70, 550 

158,488 

32,514 

11,199,738 

10,535,384 

378,600 

285,754 



320 
4,165 

265 
1,945 

255 
1,735 



260 

1,665 

165 

555 



35 

105 
35 
50 
90 
5 



86 
237 
110 
2,880 
65 
2,060 
90 
820 

60 
2,785 

45 
1,065 

50 
1,720 

45 
1,290 

30 
430 

750 
1,751,545 



200 

1,740 

166,340 

60 

3,270 

101,370 

30 

905 

12,670 

120 

8,235,039 

378,600 

785 

1,728,671 

720 

22,374,360 

8,278,513 



5,494,195 

7,229 

382,787 

276,271 

34,545 

53,437 

18,534 

5,111,408 

4,798,517 

160,400 

152,491 



240 
2,555 

210 
1,080 

200 

945 

195 

1,240 

105 

235 



205 
100 
890 

30 
375 

80 
515 

45 
2,345 

45 
1,035 

35 
1,310 

30 
1,215 

35 

95 

725 
1,010,675 



185 

1,440 

105,970 

30 

615 

19,065 

35 

1,510 

21,140 

80 

4,051,689 

160,400 

750 

666,649 

725 

10,735,780 

3,972,238 



3,160,904 

3,741 

326,617 

221,094 

30,315 

60,020 

15,188 

2,834,287 

2,690,278 

44,090 

99,919 



255 
1,510 
215 
600 
200 
500 

150 
545 
120 
365 



25 
100 
90 
35 

5 



75 

130 

10 



80 

115 

5 



40 
65 
85 

375 
35 

130 
65 

245 

30 
410 

20 
155 

20 
255 

15 
225 

20 

30 

745 
635,005 



195 

1,025 

82,260 

35 

265 

8,215 

20 

540 

7,560 

55 

1, 186, 369 

44,090 

790 

328,271 

775 

6,094,625 

2,255,012 



72 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 5 of 8.-Poultry farms 

Plata are baaed on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 



Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



.farms 
umber 
"arms 

'arms 



arms 
'arms 
number 
December 1 to June 1 farms 

number 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes farms 

.farms r 
■ farms r 
.farms r 
.farms r 
.farms 
.farms r 
.farms r 



reporting, 
of litters, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
•porting . 
reporting . 
reporting . 
of liners, 
reporting,, 
of litters . 



eporting. 
acres . 



Under 11 acres 
11 to 24 acres . 
25 to 49 acres . 
50 to 74 acres . 
75 to 99 acres . 
100 or more acr 
Harvested for grain . 



reporting.. 

■porting., 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting . . 
reporting. . 
reporting . . 
acres . . 

bushels. . 
Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . 

acres., 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
100- lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

tons.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Salea farms reporting. , 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. , 

acres., 
bushels. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173, 543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 
81,034 
836,491 



2,684,057 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 



109 
1,085 
37 
31 
26 
10 
5 

'87 

480 

89 

605 



998 

20,009 

438 

295 

181 

56 

11 

17 

880 

17,157 

945,390 

356 

374,935 

855 

12,865 

361,776 

663 

294,272 

979 

15,607 

784, 129 

376 
256,930 

151 

1,440 

39,375 

51 

16,130 

45 

794 

26,500 

14 

9,540 

75 

970 

18, 590 

35 
11,810 



2,995 
20,260 



563 

10,949 

24,416 

200 

5,465 



909 
16,783 
24,855 

294 
7,310 



20 
105 
195 



299 
5,819 
7,718 

102 
3,760 



44 

761 

4,462 



93 

4,704 

8 

30 

16 

21 

6 

12 

85 

4,217 

216, 150 

26 

78,500 

104 

2,863 

76,275 

97 

71,826 

83 
1,785 
94,204 

15 
5,840 

6 

70 

1,500 

1 

460 

10 

654 

22,200 

9 

7,890 



10 
2,045 
10, 805 



6,014 



53 
1,639 
3,991 

20 
1,055 



72 
2,370 
3,673 

34 
1,485 



10 
90 

180 



44 
1,624 
2,733 

27 
1,655 



9 

291 

1,292 



15 

140 

5 

5 





15 




55 




10 




85 




165 


4 


860 




25 




55 




55 




25 




5 




130 


3 


720 


255 


100 




80 


116 


360 




120 


2 


235 


61 


115 




110 


50 


580 




160 


3 


865 


182,445 




65 


69 


565 




25 




315 


7 


975 




15 


3 


585 




5 




15 




300 




10 




90 


2 


205 




5 


1 






15 




165 


2 


660 



110 

3,035 

7,530 

30 

615 



120 

2,850 

4,415 

35 

990 



60 
1,115 
1,625 

20 
800 



15 

240 

1,730 



45 

740 

5 

10 

20 

5 

5 

45 
315 

45 
425 



260 
5,635 

75 
105 
65 
10 

5 

245 

5,095 

263,500 

85 

95,050 

246 

3,372 

99,426 

176 
81,416 

301 

5,092 

266,780 

121 

98,350 

70 

580 

17,840 

20 

7,050 

10 
70 

2,375 
5 

1,650 

20 

340 

5,850 

5 

3,780 



25 

375 

4,400 

8,683 



155 

2,830 

5,930 

55 

1,815 



261 

4,933 

7,602 

80 

2,075 



829 
10,900 
18,339 



40 
490 
960 



80 
195 



75 

840 

1,080 

20 
525 



10 

75 

650 

10 
140 
450 



30 
110 
20 
10 



205 

3,090 

90 

70 
45 



185 

2,695 

143,510 

85 

56,150 

175 
2,470 
67,945 

135 
52, 530 

205 

2,785 

148,165 

80 

47,905 

40 

375 

10,450 

10 

3,635 

15 

45 

1,425 



15 

160 

1,910 

10 
1,325 



20 

235 

1,545 



6,010 



140 

2,225 

4,820 

60 

1,215 



180 

2,900 

4,415 

45 

1,160 



45 

730 

895 

5 

35 



10 
155 
790 

10 
110 
135 



240 

1,545 

210 

30 



215 

1,360 

64,305 

80 

28,875 

195 

1,845 

55,865 

145 

37,920 

200 

1,885 

88,275 

90 

35,100 

5 

50 

1,500 

5 

1,400 

5 

10 
200 



20 
335 

7,630 

15 

5,580 



10 
175 
850 



2,060 

35 

765 



230 

3,145 

3,960 

95 

1,475 



60 
1,220 
1,085 

25 
645 



15 
160 
180 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 5 of 8.-Poultry farms 

j Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



73 



(For definitions and r-Kplanalions, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS rURVESTED-Conlinuwl 
Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting. . 

acres 2 , 
hundredweight. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . 

Sales dollars.. 

Strawberries harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
quarts . . 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . . 

acres.. . 



5,739 

63,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



313 

324 

54,683 

327 
401,995 

135 

90 
139,690 



384 
3,926 



12 

92 

18,243 

22 
160, 175 

5 

5 

7,500 



24 

831 



45 

92 

22,105 

50 
102,325 

5 

3 

2,500 



65 
1,245 



60 

58 

3,110 



70,550 

40 

26 

52,935 



115 
981 



65 

14 

1,485 

70 
34,545 

15 

3 

10,250 



75 

421 



95 

51 

8,225 

80 
30,315 

65 

50 

66,130 



100 
443 



36 

17 

1,515 

25 
4.085 



3 
375 



Z Reported in small fractions. 

1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



74 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 6 of 8. -Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number . v . 

Percent distribution ' percent.. . 

Land in (arms acres... 

Percent di stri bution percent . . , 

Average size of farm acres... 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . , 

Average per acre dollars. . , 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

I to 9 acres farms reporting. .. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting... 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.., 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting. . , 

acres . . 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

acres . . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . , 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number . . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting , . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 or more days operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With oilier income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 49 acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . , 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . , 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number . 

2,000 or more acres number. 

See footnotos at end of table. 



56,760 
XXX 

11,524,704 

XXX 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 

54,161 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 
1,121,104 
15,685 
487,869 
3,806 
105,093 
13,262 
382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 

983 

6,524 

12,823 

15,031 

13,375 

7,481 

49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 



8,429 
5,827 



38,894 
6,879 



12,654 
1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 

5,279 

11,626 

2,322 

275 

45 



39,072 

100.0 

9,085,231 

100.0 

232.5 



23,913 

104.03 



38,808 

3,540,203 

180 

645 

1,631 

6,458 

16,900 

10,894 

2,031 

65 

4 

22,631 

956,330 

8,766 

266,174 

1,948 

41,869 

7,427 

224,305 

18,410 

739,760 

23,637 

1,185,420 

27,542 

1,927,616 

8,405 

205,534 

232 
7,506 

2,301 
40,492 

2,469 
64,105 

2,224 

85,262 

838 

42,065 



38,756 
782 
4,832 
9,079 
10,575 
8,712 
4,776 
49.1 



11,326 
5,727 
1,625 
3,974 
3,267 

4,919 

2,722 

27,746 
4,945 

7,839 

785 



56 

682 

995 

2,870 

6,137 

6,225 

5,550 
4,530 
9,961 
1,888 

161 
17 



711 

1.8 

473,408 

5.2 

665.8 



91,120 
142.48 



698 
204,347 



5 

6 

25 

163 
436 



489 

55,393 

168 

8,371 

50 

1,617 

138 

6,754 

326 
27,576 

521 
64,048 

513 
87,313 

266 
18,222 

55 
2,268 

110 
8,678 

47 
3,365 

65 
4,332 

23 
1,875 



707 

2 

91 

190 

176 

172 

76 

49.0 



168 
109 
17 
42 
33 



105 

11 



543 
53 



220 

366 

86 

6 



4,514 

11.6 

1,667,030 

18.3 

369.3 



48,160 

131.06 



4,508 
701,394 

10 

15 

90 

776 

2,610 

1,004 

3 



2,989 

179,510 

1,063 

38,814 

233 

7,062 

902 

31,752 

2,193 
101,306 

3,276 
215,653 

3,405 
335,250 

1,473 
56,324 

76 
1,788 

387 
8,569 

367 
12,920 

447 

20,055 

175 

8,890 



4,467 

55 

551 

1,219 

1,229 

972 

441 

48.0 



1,040 

764 

97 

179 

307 

600 

97 

3,474 
504 

1,006 

48 



5 

5 

5 

25 

125 

215 

360 
555 
2,470 
705 
40 
4 



13,358 

34.2 

3,391,393 

37.3 

253.9 



25,470 
101.23 



13,333 

1,353,809 

5 

25 

130 

886 

6,223 

5,566 

497 

1 



8,190 

354,073 

2,833 

89,606 

723 

16,355 

2,316 

73,251 

6,231 
253,256 

8,851 
453,329 

9,656 
714,313 

3,525 
83,063 

55 



958 
11,713 

995 
28,915 

1,032 

39,255 

325 

15,325 



13,278 
290 
2,099 
3,609 
3,574 
2,459 
1,247 
46.9 



3,266 

2,118 

396 

752 

886 

1,569 

304 

10,092 
1,591 

2,687 

116 



5 

35 

60 

340 

1,267 

2,110 

2,385 

2,045 

4,515 

567 

24 

5 



13,268 

34.0 

2,507,158 

27.6 

189.0 



17,095 
91.15 



13,188 

925,273 

35 

175 

556 

2,891 

7,336 

2,114 

79 

2 



7,467 

258,971 

2,996 

89,177 

652 

12,380 

2,575 

76,797 

6,445 
237,822 

7,358 
316,057 

9,213 
558,510 

2,316 
36,765 

41 
345 

626 
8,072 

805 
13,930 

575 
17,915 

240 
12,790 



13,158 
280 
1,565 
2,731 
3,816 
3,189 
1,577 
49.6 



4,077 
1,826 
660 
1,591 
1,181 

1,580 

1,055 

9,191 
1,847 

2,427 

257 



15 

185 

320 

1,315 

2,880 

2,695 

2,055 

1,425 

2,151 

215 

10 

2 



6,551 

16.8 

954,167 

10.5 

145.7 



12,283 
85.41 



6,436 

326,405 

110 

375 

800 

2,375 

2,360 

401 

15 



3,246 

102,783 

1,536 

35,146 

270 

3,995 

1,341 

31,151 

2,885 

105,905 

3,311 

124,523 

4,265 

209,170 

760 

10,465 



210 
3,390 

225 
4,480 

100 

3,205 

65 

2,755 



6,481 

125 

501 

1,225 

1,585 

1,610 

1,435 

52.9 



2,650 
785 
455 

1,410 
845 

1,045 

1,255 

3,901 
840 

1,445 

355 



30 

390 

560 

1,070 

1,700 

1,070 

675 
460 
565 
30 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 6 of 8. -Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



75 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Tart ow nets number . 

Ml tenants number. 

Cash tenants number . 

Share-cash tenants number. 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number . 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reportine , 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reportine. 

number. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reportine. 

number. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting . 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting . 

4 tractors farms reporting . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . 

number. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number. 

Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 
Automobiles and/ or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone. farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine. farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . 

Rulk-type farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less Ulan 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

FBrms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence, number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



34,590 
18,877 
2,908 

1,558 
210 
140 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 
108,586 
5,670 
6,389 
9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



22,227 

14, 569 

2,127 

1,115 
170 
95 

330 
417 



22,177 
14,559 
2,117 



11,949 
12,303 
3,936 
4,009 
28,676 
29,253 

15,319 
16,138 
26,176 
34,922 

37,663 
87,955 
37,513 
82,632 

10,000 

15,823 

7,872 

2,581 

1,237 

37,427 
79,034 
3,383 
3,598 
5,162 
5,323 

35,410 
45,067 
38,205 

35,920 
28,631 
37,721 
37,322 
7,024 
2,050 
28,519 



27,210 
6,882 
4,705 
2,511 

2,194 

1,185 
893 
70 
46 



13,596 
21,153 



11,123 
16,296 



7,899 

2,177 

830 

198 

19 



36,662 
1,108 
1,302 



196 

455 

40 

29 

10 



196 
455 
40 



436 
491 
276 
287 
662 
790 

644 

796 

673 

1,965 

708 
3,574 

708 
3,427 

21 
12 
111 
220 
344 

707 
3,136 
268 
291 
145 
147 

680 

1,472 

705 

699 
614 
701 
693 
437 
238 
672 



601 
77 
22 



671 
2,785 



659 
2,442 



89 
129 
268 
155 

18 



666 
26 



1,829 

2,391 

252 

161 
15 

15 

35 
26 



1,824 

2,391 

252 



2,314 
2,400 
1,010 
1,017 
4,141 
4,322 

3,618 
3,893 
3,987 
6,710 

4,469 
15,457 

4,469 
14,597 

85 

1,022 

1,821 

998 

543 

4,469 
13,758 
761 
839 
845 
860 

4,321 
6,723 
4,464 

4,432 
3,911 
4,463 
4,331 
2,239 
659 
4,243 



3,385 
658 
429 
273 

156 
97 

54 



3,553 
6,460 



3,135 
5,096 



1,753 

955 

391 

36 



4,239 
175 
100 



6,667 

5,869 

770 

430 
90 
20 

110 
120 



6,662 

5,864 

760 



5,037 
5,189 
1,752 
1,792 
11,370 
11,538 

7,147 

7,419 

10,009 

12,937 

13,188 
33,342 
13,163 
31,513 

1,483 

6,598 

3,852 

973 

257 

13,133 
30,200 
1,269 
1,313 
1,799 
1,829 

12,573 
16,009 
13,243 

12,798 
10,876 
13,233 
12,937 
3,320 
882 
11,534 



9,624 

2,260 

1,418 

830 

588 
316 
262 

10 



5,899 
7,714 



4,772 
5,874 



3,788 

847 

131 

6 



12,615 
377 
366 



8,184 

4,339 

725 

330 
30 
35 

155 
175 



8,164 

4,334 

725 



3,212 
3,268 
753 
768 
9,367 
9,452 

3,250 
3,350 
8,122 
9,510 

12,713 
25,172 
12,643 
23,530 

4,371 

6,156 

1,703 

335 

78 

12,608 

22,655 

825 

875 

1,553 

1,642 

11,875 
13,932 
13,002 

12,046 

9,229 

12,913 

12,776 

903 

221 

9,070 



8,810 

2,581 

1,776 

865 

911 
500 
336 

45 
30 



2,813 
3,414 



2,102 
2,394 



1,849 
211 

40 
1 
1 



12,541 
285 
442 



4,811 

1,420 

305 

150 
20 
25 

25 
85 



4,806 

1,420 

305 



885 
890 
130 
130 
2,976 
2,991 

625 

645 

3,140 

3,520 

6,050 
9,640 
6,005 
8,845 

3,670 

1,910 

365 

45 

15 

5,995 
8,595 
235 
250 
770 
795 

5,486 
6,396 
6,231 

5,465 
3,731 
5,951 
6,070 
110 
45 
2,845 



4,385 

1,176 

925 

470 

455 

235 

205 

10 

5 



640 
760 



445 
480 



410 
35 



5,976 
220 
355 



76 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 6 of 8. -Dairy farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text | 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial forms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 



Dry materials... . 
Liquid inaL-rials . 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture. . 



Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Other pasture (not cropland) . 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



Cora 

Dry materials... . 
Liquid materials . 

Wheat 

Pry materials .... 
Liquid materials . 

Irish potatoes. 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials . 



All other crops 

Dry materials. .. . 
Liquid materials . 



Lime or limine materials used duriniz the year. 



Any of the following specified expenditures.. 
Feed for livestock and poultry 



Under $100 

$100 to $909 

$1,000 to $1,999 . 
$2,000 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 or more... 



Purchase of livestock and poultry . 



t'nder $1,000 

$1,000 to $2,499 . 
52,500 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . 
$10,000 or more . . 



Under $200 

$200 to $999 

$1,000 or more. 



Under S200 

$200 to $499 

5500 to $999 

$1,000 to $2,499 . . . 
$2,500 to $4,999 ... 
$5,000 to $9,999 .. . 
$10,000 to $19,999 . 
$20,000 to $(9,999 . 
550,000 or more 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees. . 



Under $100 

$100 to $499. . . 
$500 to $999. , . 
$1,000 or more. 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 



farms reporting, 
on which used. 

tons, 
arms reporting. 

tons, 
i reporting. 

tons. 

'arms reporting, 
acres, 
arms reporting. 

tons, 
'arms reporting. 

tons. 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

tons. 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting, 
acres, 
arms reporting. 

tons, 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

amis reporting. 
acres, 
arms reporting. 

tons, 
arms reporting. 

tons. 

amis reporting,, 
acres, 
"arms reporting. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 



arms reporting. 

acres. 

: arms reporting. 

tons. 

arms reporting. 



'arms reporting, 
acres limed . 



amis reporting, 
amis reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
i reporting, 
amis reportinfl. 
arms reporting. 
'arms reporting. 



Under $100 

S100 to $499 

S500 to $999 

51,000 to 54,999 . 
$5,000 or more... 



arms reporting., 
dollars., 
amis rcporti np . . 
arms reporting.. 
arms report! ng . . 
reporting . . 
amis reporting.. 

arms reporting. . 
dollars. . 
'arms report! ng . . 
arms reporting . . 
reporting. . 

reporti ng . , 
dollars. . 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporting., 
reporti ng . . 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting.. 

arms reporting. . 
dollars. . 
an. is reporting. . 
arms reporting. . 
arms reporting.. 
arms reporting. . 

arms reporting , , 
dollars. . 
arms reporting. . 
amis reporting., 
arms reporting. , 
arniK reporting. . 
'arms reporting.. 



43,444 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 
553,226 
29,225 
100,034 
210 
854 

11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 
816,873 
29,935 
169,615 
137 
951 

21,534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 
49,536 
166,626,663 
1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 
8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 
33,871,663 
4,196 
27,261 
15,806 
8,367 
243 



31,321 

1,301,649 

228,921 

31,220 

227,768 

187 

1,153 

11,966 

284,684 

11,946 

51,022 

40 

293 

3,014 

42,011 

3,004 

7,139 

10 

18 

24,051 

436,206 

24,040 

77,711 

112 

340 

6,336 

106,275 

6,325 

17,285 

46 

200 

661 

3,951 

661 

3,065 



20,005 

428,522 

19,999 

71,546 

26 

302 

17,838 
358,960 
753,000 



39,047 

38,942 

116, 204, 508 

175 

6,416 

9,515 

16,588 

6,248 

17,927 

26,797,885 

10,354 

4,491 

1,919 

854 

309 

22,966 

5,168,438 

13,245 

9,312 

409 

25,651 

39,484,935 

6,090 

5,175 

4,093 

5,049 

3,505 

1,362 

312 

58 

7 

23,748 
5,856,247 
6,863 
14,284 
2,009 
592 



38,774 

22,465,449 

1,472 

19,465 

12,419 

5,357 

61 



682 

118,920 

21,940 

681 

21,458 

16 

482 

440 

29,308 

440 

5,105 



131 
5,979 

131 
828 



607 

38,252 

606 

6,712 

16 

190 

205 

8,772 

204 

1,427 

6 

17 

48 

1,487 

48 

1,344 



461 

35,122 

460 

6,042 

1 

275 

507 
26,320 
50,798 



711 

711 

,824,789 



94 

617 

459 

3,049,144 

65 

81 
125 

82 
106 

372 
199,740 
123 
205 
44 

684 

7,351,529 

5 

6 

7 

33 

101 

255 

212 

58 



493 

594,490 

2 

103 
174 
214 

706 

1,528,115 

20 
83 
564 
39 



4,305 

334,265 

58,796 

4,290 

58,567 

36 

229 

2,289 

80,430 

2,284 

14,000 

5 

40 

656 

11,364 

656 

1,948 



3,722 

110,404 

3,722 

19,903 

26 

38 

1,136 
28,649 

1,136 

4,643 

10 

151 

122 

1,037 
122 
925 



2,973 

102,381 

2,973 

17,148 



2,903 
91,629 
194,082 



4,514 

4,504 

26,564,500 

82 

252 

1,545 

2,625 

2,697 
6,547,710 
903 
893 
520 
279 
102 

2,650 

830,821 

1,213 

1,306 

131 

4,206 

13,516,385 

180 

185 

478 

963 

1,457 

855 

88 



3,157 

1,498,745 

186 

1,894 

856 

221 

4,493 

4,761,760 

5 

547 

1,799 

2,125 

17 



11,886 
517,484 
88,542 
11,841 
88,203 
75 
339 

4,834 

108,019 

4,819 

18,936 

20 

229 

1,372 

16,753 

1,367 

2,809 

5 

3 

9,539 

177,833 

9,534 

30,761 

35 

65 

2,408 

40,127 

2,403 

6,462 

20 

29 

191 

717 

191 

456 



7,998 

174,035 

7,993 

28,779 

10 

13 

7,504 
147,553 
321,132 



13,353 

13,333 

45,387,241 

40 

833 

1,922 

7,869 

2,669 

6,579 

8,865,146 

3,609 

1,956 

722 

247 

45 

8,018 

1,865,915 

4,468 

3,433 

117 

10,209 

13,133,566 

1,535 

2,083 

2,027 

2,738 

1,603 

211 

12 



8,730 

2,219,396 

1,402 

6,440 

767 

121 

13,296 

8,535,144 

71 

5,083 

6,190 

1,947 

5 



10,238 
260,700 
47,034 
10,203 
46,965 
45 
69 

3,338 

52,837 

3,338 

10,193 

10 

23 

710 

6,590 

705 

1,260 

5 

15 

7,408 

86,282 

7,408 

15,952 

25 

24 

1,902 

22,817 

1,897 

3,735 

10 

3 

205 

565 

205 

279 



6,233 

91,609 

6,233 

15,546 
10 
4 

5,304 
74,543 
151,068 



13,248 

13,203 

26,892,773 

65 

2,195 

4,546 

6,060 

337 

5,757 

6,043,585 

3,967 

1,211 

377 

146 

56 

7,881 

1,599,732 

4,761 

3,033 

87 

7,636 

4,589,860 

2,710 

2,156 

1,295 

1,115 

319 

41 



7,957 

1,230,779 

3,022 

4,712 

192 

31 

13,173 

5,579,345 

455 

8,630 

3,487 

601 



3,965 
66,955 
11,904 
3,960 
11,870 
15 
34 

1,020 

13,685 

1,020 

2,643 

5 

1 

135 

1,230 

135 

271 



2,605 

22,170 

2,600 

4,128 

10 

23 

635 

5,550 

635 

912 



80 

130 

80 

56 



2,225 

24,190 

2,225 

3,860 

5 

10 

1,535 
17,955 
33,850 



6,551 
6,526 
8,068,225 
40 
2,816 
2,665 
1,005 

2,290 

2,050,245 

1,715 

335 

155 
85 

3,745 

631,500 

2,455 

1,265 

25 

2,776 

866,295 

1,560 

720 

276 

195 

25 



3,131 

294,857 

2,036 

1,070 

20 

5 

6,471 

1,938,390 

731 

4,810 
810 
120 



See footnotes at end of table. 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 6 of 8. -Dairy farms 

[Data aro basod on reports for only « sample of farms. Soe text] 



77 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOURCE 

All farm products sold u>ul, doliai 

average per farm, doliai 

All crops sold doliai 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold doliai 

Vegetables sold doliai 

Fruits and nuts sold doliai 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold doliai 

All livestock and livestock products sold doliai 

Poultry and poultry products sold doliai 

Dairy produces sold doliai 

Livestock and livestock produces, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold doliai 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls Including steer and bull calves. 



arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 

s reporting. 

number. 

anas reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bead farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head ..farms reporting. 

500 or more head farms reporting. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved— 

1 head farms reporting . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

number. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting, 

number. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting . 

number . 

Ewes farms reporting . 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporttag . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Bogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 

dollars . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. 

pounds 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens . 

dollars. 

See footnotes at and of table. 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 
655,414 
30,693 
87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 

4,342 

10,777 

11,910 

11,868 

3,361 

557 

404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
.127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



473,155,959 

12,110 

25,233,764 

16,111,688 

3,019,902 

2,261,102 

3,841,072 

447,922,195 

6,523,588 

394,396,359 

47,002,248 



38,898 
1,789,970 

38,818 
1,146,759 

38,778 
1,134,387 

36,913 

584,856 

26,292 

58,355 



10 

65 

395 

3,750 

21,450 

11,301 

1,920 

7 



70 

1,775 

9,747 

11.519 

11,563 

3,268 

511 

365 



75 

1,820 

9,962 

11,467 

11,419 

3,170 

516 

349 

10,273 
22,323 

6,798 
40,499 

3,342 
22,558 

4,658 
17,941 

1,556 
66,143 

1,221 
26,788 

1,393 
39,355 

1,337 

36,834 

946 

2,521 

14,867 

1,714,818 



38,646 

858,805 

44,993,384 

1,425 

33,435 

1,036,485 

974 

38,867 

544,138 

39,072 

9,017,071,433 

394,396,359 

5,504 

679,597 

7,288 

15,384,598 

5,692,303 



40,873,290 

57,487 

3,943,685 

2,024,097 

1,333,425 

387,778 

198,385 

36,929,605 

542,258 

32,041,181 

4,346,166 



706 
109,816 

706 
69,081 

706 
68,398 

659 

36,964 

599 

3,771 



10 

107 

582 

7 



51 

178 
150 
317 



50 
178 
158 
310 

215 

528 

99 

3,764 

44 

2,381 

73 

1,383 

39 
4,425 

33 
2,016 

38 
2,409 

38 
2,340 

28 

69 

184 
120,807 



704 

57,819 

4,135,583 

39 

4,424 

137,144 

36 

2,324 

32,536 

711 

641,547,288 

32,041,181 

88 

59,947 

85 

1,279,015 

473,236 



118,946,345 

26,351 

7,469,674 

5,039,541 

779,917 

848,375 

801,841 

111,476,671 

1,748,033 

97,906,260 

11,822,378 



4,494 
371,983 

4,484 
236,373 

4,484 
235,044 

4,254 

126,083 

3,427 

9,527 



15 

360 

2,977 

1,137 



5 
25 

130 
1,885 
2,056 

344 
39 



5 
25 
120 
1,926 
2,023 
352 
33 

1,243 
2,890 

749 
7,546 

332 
4,090 

558 
3,456 

210 
20,310 

167 
10,267 

190 
10,043 

184 
9,004 

173 
1,039 

1,514 
362,945 



4,494 

186,704 

11,252,620 

213 

7,664 

237,584 

164 

15,713 

219,982 

4,514 

2,158,082,896 

97,906,260 

779 

190,489 

869 

4,104,503 

1,518,666 



186,892,784 

13,991 

8,206,784 

5,664,660 

565,785 

567,298 

1,409,041 

178,686,000 

2,314,843 

158,396,125 

17,975,032 



13,298 
692,561 

13,283 
446,451 

13,263 
441,756 

12,801 

226,015 

9,208 

20,095 



5 

15 

15 

80 

6,221 

6,783 

179 



30 

40 

501 

4,182 

7,563 

943 

16 



30 

30 

566 

4,244 

7,474 

907 

6 

6 

3,316 
7,009 
2,177 
13,541 
1,135 
8,067 
1,459 
5,474 

521 
19,041 

390 
6,363 

450 
12,678 

440 
12,065 

315 

613 

5,006 
599,057 



13,309 

338,577 

17,309,961 

546 

12,391 

384,121 

289 

10,605 

148,470 

13,358 

3,652, 433, a8 

158,396,125 

1,999 

265,808 

2,486 

5,355,605 

1,981,575 



99,257,480 

7,481 

4,440,683 

2,705,794 

300,190 

363,280 

1,071,419 

94,816,797 

1,493,651 

83,588,575 

9,734,571 



13,214 
454,552 

13,179 
292,992 

13,159 
289,132 

12,593 

144,524 

8,597 

17,036 



15 

65 

965 

10,833 

1,319 

17 



25 

270 
4,720 
6,137 
1,949 

76 

1 
1 



30 

275 

4,855 

6,083 

1,854 

62 



3,383 
7,274 
2,453 
10,523 
1,191 
5,430 
1,683 
5,093 

516 
15,867 

411 
6,127 

465 
9,740 

435 
9,275 

280 

465 

5,198 
449,414 



13,102 

208,740 

9,376,187 

382 

5,431 

168,361 

305 

7,715 

108,010 

13,268 

1, 996,373,028 

83,588,575 

1,868 

121,938 

2,643 

3,631,495 

1,343,653 



25,912,716 

3,956 

1,095,011 

649,373 

39,640 

92,902 

313,096 

24,817,705 

405,901 

21,442,473 

2,969,331 



6,521 
148,913 

6,506 
94,427 

6,506 
92,957 

6,016 

47,220 

4,066 

7,266 



5 

5 

200 

2,405 

3,806 

100 



15 

1,140 

4,221 

1,020 

100 

10 



15 

1,185 

4,221 

980 

105 



1,921 
4,267 
1,165 
4,615 

555 
2,340 

800 
2,275 

255 
6,360 

210 
1,950 

240 
4,410 

230 
4,085 

145 

325 

2,685 

171,870 



6,427 

62,885 

2,771,553 

230 

3,380 

104,780 

175 

2,460 

34,440 

6,551 

541,911,067 

21,442,473 

710 

36,305 

1,115 

976,745 

361,396 



78 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 8.-Dairy farms 

Datji are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Conlinued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, It) November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters . 



1 cr 2 litters 

3 to 9 liuers 

10 to 19 litters.. 
20(0 39 litters. . 
40 to 69 litters.. 
70 or more litters 
June 2 to November 



Under 11 acres. . . . 
11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to T4 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain 



arms reporting. 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting., 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number or litters . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . 

acres. 

. . farms report i ng . , 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 

..farms reporting. 

, .farms reporting. 

, .farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels. 

Wheat harvested fauns reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acreB. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. . 
tons . . 

Sale6 farms reporting . , 

tons. , 

Other hay cut farms reporting. , 

acres. , 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

acres. , 
tons, green weight.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting . , 

acres. , 
bushels. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33, 112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 

836,491 



2,684,057 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 
34,627 

63,840 
72 
795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 

10,900 
18,339 



1,326 

5,613 

700 

485 

112 

28 



987 
2,864 

971 
2,749 



28,306 

494,348 

11,012 

11,255 

4,890 

872 

154 

123 

10,550 

112,520 

6,500,840 

2,207 

1,640,355 

7,005 

110,735 

3,361,387 

5,887 
3,031,689 

26,896 

472,728 

25,540,695 

2,439 

1,683,585 

1,335 

11,310 

380,620 

235 

73,305 

262 

1,937 

46,230 

121 
26,270 

720 

5,807 

98,320 

302 
58,065 



1,193 
26,510 
250,670 



2,375,065 



21,296 

760,939 

1,747,803 

1,288 

58,526 



26,898 

1,201,723 

2,075,586 

1,349 

60,444 



4,156 
32,706 

61,050 
36 
380 

7,434 

239,859 

375,435 

275 

12,663 



8,348 
139,838 
913,303 

424 
4,405 
7,179 



37 
551 
12 
17 
6 



1 
21 

297 
34 

254 



645 

39,798 

21 

68 

189 

207 

67 

93 

371 

11,475 

760,635 

121 

285,915 

206 

8,928 

316,729 

200 

308,565 

528 

25,664 

1,573,240 

35 

51,400 

78 

1,389 

40,785 

15 
14,225 

19 

342 

11,700 

19 
10,906 

13 

144 

3,170 

6 

2,140 



23 
1,950 
24,475 



608 

61 ,412 

157,705 

90 

10,751 



355 

32,591 

60,518 

27 

1,806 



73 

1,331 

2,616 

1 

10 

126 
9,072 
17,101 



314 
12, 535 
78,980 

12 
145 

478 



184 
1,219 
60 
72 
41 
11 



134 
560 
169 
659 



3,992 

120,287 

322 

1,326 

1,808 

456 

56 

24 

1,943 

31,863 

1,885,575 

449 

499,090 

1,210 

29,730 

976,168 

1,129 
906,634 

3,484 

97,370 

5,846,105 

404 

455,120 

257 

2,721 

98,500 

65 

27,865 

42 

352 

5,985 

11 
1,460 

26 

203 

3,495 

10 
1,640 



330 

10,355 

101,470 



3,521 

192,048 

471,800 

367 

19,155 



2,622 

154,292 

313,949 

234 

14,898 



449 

4,677 

10,147 

5 

80 

867 

34,884 

61,741 

42 

2,303 



1,919 
43,580 
299,255 



66 
984 

1,192 



468 

2,121 

217 

186 

50 

15 



356 

1,057 

377 

1,064 



10,865 

199,195 

2,737 

5,594 

2,321 

182 

26 

5 

4,234 

42,207 

2,400,965 

786 

510,950 

2,632 

41,915 

1,263,620 

2,271 
1,143,035 

10,028 

189,897 

10,237,435 

910 

654,600 

585 

4,505 

157,550 

95 

19,385 

70 

520 

11,825 

40 

7,980 

181 

2,045 

34,085 

96 

23,240 



470 

9,335 

86,045 



895,409 



8,748 

303,523 

704,355 

470 

20,015 



8,924 

433,730 

771,385 

547 

26,010 



1,304 

11,013 

21,467 

10 

70 

2,702 

87,893 

143,278 

145 

6,875 



3,872 

59,250 

382,718 

161 
1,951 
3,239 



422 

1,087 

266 

155 



331 

610 
246 
477 



9,089 

104,848 

4,982 

3,577 

512 

17 

1 

2,877 

20,710 

1,137,365 

631 

273,605 

2,102 
23,217 
631,915 

1,677 
542,930 

9,081 

122,277 

6,195,730 

805 

422,425 

300 

1,965 

62,290 

30 

5,615 

111 

643 

14,870 

41 

5,624 

305 
2,405 
37,450 

135 
22,615 



280 

3,705 

32,595 



658,219 



6,109 

161,011 

332,773 

286 

6,745 



9,611 

396,500 

662,204 

371 

14,045 



1,445 

10,315 

18,905 

10 

140 

2,359 

69,775 

105,325 

50 

1,685 



1,823 
20,618 
130,930 

120 

895 

1,560 



195 

615 

125 

55 

15 



135 
330 
135 
285 



3,430 

28,165 

2,685 

680 

55 

5 

5 

1,020 

5,710 

288,805 

210 

69,295 

785 

6,440 

161 , 545 

545 

121,320 

3,450 

34,400 

1,554,835 

285 

100,040 

105 

720 

21,320 

30 

6,215 

20 

80 

1,850 

10 

300 

170 

920 

18,895 

50 

8,055 



85 
1,125 
5,835 



2,145 

40,565 

76,585 

75 

1,860 



4,881 

167,605 

241,520 

165 

3,535 



830 
5,035 

7,480 
10 



1,245 

34,805 

44,105 

30 

1,150 



410 

3,695 

19,020 

65 
430 
710 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 6 of 8. -Dairy farms 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



79 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



SPECIFIED CROPS H MtVESTED-Conlimiod 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting., 

acres 2 , 
hundredweight . , 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars. , 



Strawberries harvested. 



• farms reporting, 
acres, 
quarts. 



Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 



.farms reporting, 
acres. 



5,739 

83,41.4 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 
7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



3,234 

4,526 

688,670 

1,575 
3,019,902 

357 

139 

163,035 



2,137 
12,385 



64 

1,495 
254,542 



2 

11 

16,400 



39 
1,054 



279 
1,097 

200,040 

384 
779,917 

25 

8 

5,350 



471 
4,157 



864 

927 

118,189 

620 
565,785 

110 

39 

53,895 



601 
3,122 



1,202 

711 

89,544 

338 
300,190 

145 

38 

60,290 



701 
2,923 



730 

260 

24,540 

140 
39,640 

70 

42 

27,050 



300 
1,094 



95 

36 
1,815 

5 
945 

5 

1 
50 



25 
35 



includes milk" equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



80 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 7 of 8.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

I Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms • number. v. 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Land in farms acres . . . 

Percent distribution percent . . . 

Average size of farm acres . . . 

Value of land and buildings 

Average per farm dollars. . . 

Average per acre dollars.. . 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting... 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting... 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting... 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporti ng . . . 

acres . . . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting . . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.., 

acres . . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting . . 

v acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 14 years number . . 

35 to 44 years i number. . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number . . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operatofs- 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting . . 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting . . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number.. 

10 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . , 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number. 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 

a] farms 



56,760 
XXX 

11,524,704 
xxx 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 



54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 



4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 
983 
6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 
7,481 
49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 



38,894 
6,879 



12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 
5,279 
11,626 
2,322 
275 
45 



Fconomic class 



2,816 
100.0 
530,689 
100.0 
188.5 

27,882 
148.37 

2,539 

165,449 

136 

230 

242 

700 

816 

311 

98 

6 



1,712 

78,649 

1,053 

42,256 

245 

12,496 

901 

29,760 

959 

36,829 

1,565 

96,551 

1,427 

79,582 

354 

8,725 

11 
725 

166 
3,156 

84 
1,660 

113 

3,775 

45 

1,045 



2,798 
30 
221 
513 
680 
908 
446 
52.6 



1,303 
396 
206 
701 
454 

671 

778 

1,513 

288 

766 

215 



40 
305 
210 
355 
535 
395 

290 

190 

376 

85 

28 

7 



53 

1.9 

33,615 

6.3 

634.2 



106,178 
202.83 



53 
12,997 



39 
6,110 

22 
1,686 

13 
435 

20 
1,251 

28 

3,141 

29 

2,475 

24 

4,914 

2 

385 

1 
100 

7 
235 



1 
300 



9 

7 
8 
17 
11 
51.7 



139 

4.9 

53,939 

10.2 

388.1 



104,483 
246.06 



134 

16,330 



85 
7,738 

38 
2,105 

15 
385 

33 
1,720 

64 

3,781 

105 

9,237 

106 

10,328 

28 

2,040 



16 
1,102 



402 

14.3 

99,501 

18.7 

247.5 

29,217 
114.07 



347 
37,099 
10 
15 
15 
40 
127 
107 
33 



252 

14,274 

170 

7,938 

58 

2,832 

139 

5,106 

170 

7,227 

229 

15,038 

195 

13,636 

72 

2,070 



27 

670 



21 
545 



1,470 
20 
825 



402 

5 

20 

147 

92 

102 

36 

48.7 



188 
61 
46 
81 
76 

123 

100 

214 
50 

106 

12 



70 

35 

110 

15 

6 

1 



652 

23.2 

138,923 

26.2 

213.1 



24,299 
115.19 



631 
44,530 
21 
25 
25 
160 
265 
114 
21 



416 

20,035 

240 

8,675 

47 

3,162 

198 

5,513 

216 

7,190 

387 

28,532 

345 

22,571 

101 

1,965 



45 
525 

25 
255 

30 
920 
15 
55 



122 

171 

152 

126 

51.3 



330 
65 

55 
210 
110 

155 

230 

322 
67 

164 

46 



35 
30 
85 
160 
90 

55 
65 
100 
25 
6 



952 

33.8 

133,635 

25.2 

140.4 



21,975 
155.19 



867 
37,940 
40 
90 
110 
335 
256 
36 



592 

21,772 

381 

12,268 

76 

4,093 

335 

8,175 

275 

8,940 

512 

25,313 

486 

18,693 

106 

1,865 



25 
265 



21 

570 



35 
805 



952 

10 

65 

145 

240 

225 

267 

54.8 



535 

50 

95 

390 

205 

275 

415 

417 

60 

272 

155 



15 

105 
115 
140 
200 
150 

100 

50 

70 

5 

2 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 7 of 8.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

| Data are based on reports for only a sample of farnis. Sec text ] 



81 



(For definitions una explanations, sop text) 



Tola] all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full ounces number . . 

I ' in owners number . . 

Ml tenants number.. 

Cash tennnts number . . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number . . 

I.ivestock-sharc tenants number . . 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

While farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number. . 

Nonwhite farm operators 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Field forage ban esters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Tracurs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number . . 

1 tractor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporting . . 

3 tractors farms reporting . . 

4 tractors farms report! ng . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Garden tractors fanus reporting . . 

number . . 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting . . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Borne freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine. farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . . 

Bulk-type farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reportinc. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles In a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting . . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Regular hired workers (employed ISO or more days) farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence. number. 

See footnotes at end of Labia. 



34,590 
18,877 
2,908 

1,558 
210 
140 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



15,920 
16,556 
6,0% 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 

20,231 

10,237 

3,610 

2,277 

51,467 
108,586 
5,670 
6,389 
9,835 
10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 

44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



2,036 
651 
96 



2,031 

646 

91 



626 
661 
366 
386 
1,301 
1,331 

447 

499 

1,644 

2,343 

2,540 
5,362 
2,500 



1,065 

870 

336 

141 

88 

2,452 
4,546 
313 
334 
431 
482 

2,431 
3,106 
2,667 

2,499 

1,811 

1,054 

914 

38 

59 

1,402 



2,090 
425 
276 
128 

148 
96 
42 



529 
990 



417 
729 



264 

100 

40 

6 

7 



2,577 
147 
92 



26 
28 

19 
20 
38 
44 

36 

41 
51 
108 

52 
221 

52 
213 

11 
5 
6 
6 

24 

52 

205 

6 

8 
7 
8 

53 
85 
53 

48 
42 
33 
32 
7 
2 
42 



35 
126 



46 
48 
40 
44 
82 
90 

68 

80 

129 

241 

133 
447 
133 

417 

15 
30 
46 
22 

20 

133 
398 
19 
19 
30 
30 

137 
230 
139 

133 
122 
77 
77 
6 
12 
97 



116 
6 

11 
11 



67 

211 



57 

185 



129 
5 
5 



249 

126 

21 



249 
126 
21 



139 
154 
102 
107 
257 
272 

115 
125 
307 
537 

362 
930 
357 
864 

65 
165 
63 
42 
22 

342 
797 
57 
67 
56 
66 

367 
474 
382 

387 
295 
146 
142 

15 

15 

297 



316 
65 

21 
10 

11 
6 
5 



152 
225 



115 
157 



376 
26 



438 
171 
35 



438 
171 
35 



173 
179 
135 
140 
371 
372 

127 
142 
447 
598 

632 
1,467 

627 
1,325 

197 

255 

118 

36 

21 

616 
1,212 
108 
113 
127 
142 

585 
807 
627 

616 
448 
316 
251 
5 
20 
439 



499 
86 
67 
36 



152 
210 



122 
150 



596 
40 
16 



762 

180 

5 



762 

180 

5 



176 

181 

55 

60 
407 
407 

70 

80 

446 

538 

862 
1,487 

847 
1,356 

445 

310 

77 

15 



842 
1,291 
65 
65 
121 
131 

792 
918 
897 

817 
577 
310 
290 
5 



686 
171 
95 
45 

50 
30 
20 



96 

147 



66 

1 02 



852 
45 
55 



82 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 7 of 8.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

(Data are based nn reports for only a sample of farms. See text ) 



(Tot definition;: and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizinc 

materials used dunnc the \cnr. farms reporting. . 

acres on which used. ., 
tons. . . 

Dr> materials farms reporting . . 

Ions. . 

Liquid malt-rials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Crops on which itsed- 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

tons.. 
Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons.. 

Com farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Dry materials riim<S reporting.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Wheat farms retxirting . . 

acres.. 
Dry materials farms reporting. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting , . 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting, . 

acres . . 
Dry materials forms reporting.. 

Liquid materials fnrms reporting . , 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting., 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

ions , . 
Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Lime or liming materials used durinc the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
Ions .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry fftrms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 firms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 Tarns reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms renortinr. . 

51,000 to $2,499 firms reporting,. 

$2,500 to ^,999 firms reporting.. 

$5,000 to 59,999 farms reporting . . 

$10,000 or more farms reporting,. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

5200 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farm* reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 firms reporting. . 

5500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to 52,499 farms reporting.. 

52,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to 519,999 farms reporting,. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees... farms reporting., 

dollars. . 

Under $100 fan,.? reporting,. 

<100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to $999 farms reportinir.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the fann business farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

llnder $100 .farms reporting. . 

$100 to $499 ■. farms reporting.. 

5500 to $909 farms reporti ng . . 

51,000 to 51,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more farms reporting... 



43,484 


1,753 


2,023, 862 


65,358 


462,912 


11,708 


43,278 


1,753 


458,282 


11,624 


435 


6 


4,630 


84 


13,729 


578 


329,206 


13,948 


13,704 


578 


58,585 


2,503 


45 




294 




3,324 


95 


46,101 


1,260 


3,314 


95 


7,914 


274 


10 




18 




29,241 


1,065 


553,226 


20,677 


29,225 


1,065 


100,034 


3,909 


210 


6 


854 


84 


11,112 


586 


196,548 


9,556 


11,081 


586 


32,203 


1,545 


101 




267 




2,211 


30 


81,908 


40 


2,201 


30 


89,931 


33 


52 




2,246 




29,991 


1,070 


816,873 


19,877 


29,935 


1,070 


169,615 


3,360 


137 




951 




21,534 


674 


428,944 


13,992 


876,948 


24,937 


56,675 


2,816 


49,536 


2,578 


166,626,663 


3,250,081 


1,166 


160 


10,410 


1,496 


11,029 


530 


18,372 


283 


8,559 


109 


25,068 


1,586 


39,944,002 


4,574,865 


14,775 


776 


5,921 


341 


2,583 


222 


1,222 


128 


567 


119 


30, 567 


1,476 


7,721,553 


354,427 


17, 188 


915 


12,505 


534 


874 


27 


36,994 


1,331 


89,594,739 


2,241,923 


7,962 


455 


6,707 


283 


5,542 


142 


7,170 


163 


5,258 


165 


2,765 


76 


1,056 


36 


428 


11 


106 




33,541 


1,300 


16,835,047 


282,918 


9,442 


614 


18,252 


547 


3,151 


105 


2,696 


34 


55,873 


2,755 


33,871,663 


1,134,132 


4,196 


566 


27,261 


1,493 


15,806 


419 


8,367 


270 


243 


7 



39 

5,732 
1,262 

39 

1,213 

1 

49 

19 

420 

19 

91 



1 

350 

1 

45 



38 

2,782 

38 

625 

1 
49 

30 
818 

30 
128 



23 

1,362 

23 

324 



15 
1,429 
2,214 



53 

47 
320,870 

12 

1 

4 

30 

37 

802,018 

5 

5 



22 

25 

8,478 

20 

3 

2 

47 
362,258 



22 

8,465 
5 

14 
1 
2 

52 

108,399 
5 

11 

30 

6 



102 

7,987 

1,503 

102 

1,468 

5 

35 

34 

1,873 

34 

379 



12 

280 
12 
60 



66 

2,611 

66 

479 

5 
35 

32 
866 

32 
121 



75 

2,357 

75 

429 



65 
2,066 
3,104 



139 
128 

734,177 

15 
30 
53 
30 

105 
1,220,924 
10 
7 
11 
15 
62 

52 

16,491 

21 

31 

103 

623,926 

5 

5 

15 
26 

17 
11 
17 



64 
46,884 
5 
27 
21 
11 

139 
139,265 
10 
35 
42 
51 
1 



271 
17,507 
2,978 

271 
2,978 



110 
,080 
110 
784 



25 
105 

25 
19 



184 

5,290 

184 

989 



92 

2,360 

92 

349 



188 

4,647 

188 

813 



120 
3,782 
6,601 



402 

387 

688,032 

10 

121 

137 

91 

28 

240 

1,061,748 

36 

67 

45 

67 

25 

228 

60,729 

96 

132 

277 
521,518 
35 
76 
40 
45 
50 
30 
1 



220 

70,518 

47 

120 

42 

11 

402 
273,952 
50 
130 
108 
114 



473 
17,403 
3,019 

473 
3,019 



142 
,515 
142 
494 



21 
190 
21 
71 



296 

5,388 

296 

967 



176 

3,060 

176 

538 



317 

6,245 

317 

947 



162 
2,805 
5,550 



652 

611 

679,332 

20 

349 

146 

75 

21 

424 

787,710 

187 

115 

91 

21 

10 

324 

105,334 

178 

136 

10 

400 
361,051 
140 
101 
41 
51 
56 
11 



375 

76,101 

156 

198 

16 

5 

637 
267,816 

65 
387 
152 

33 



567 

11,951 

2,108 

567 

2,108 



182 

2,920 

182 

528 



26 

205 

26 

51 



330 

3,530 

330 

652 



170 

1,690 

170 

255 



317 

3,606 

317 

622 



221 
2,506 
5,162 



952 
847 
578,285 
30 
601 
171 
45 

507 

550,700 

316 

111 

65 

15 

561 

111,765 

380 

176 

5 

377 
277,560 
185 
75 
46 
40 
21 
10 



381 

48,760 

220 

146 

15 



937 
233,165 
221 
610 
81 
25 



See footnotes at end of Uble. 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 7 of 8.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. Sc*e text] 



83 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

Atl farm products sold total, dollars 

average per farm, dollars 

All crops sold dollars 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold ..dollars 

Vegetables sold dollars 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 

Dairy products sold dollars 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved. 
Milk cows 



Hei fers and hei fer cal ves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves . 



arms reporting. 

number., 
arms reporting., 

number, 
arms reporting., 

number. 

1 reporting. 

number, 
i reporting., 

number . 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head ..farms reporting 

2 to 4 head farms reporting 

5 to 9 head farms reporti ng 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 to 499 head farms reporting 

500 or more head ". farms reporting 

Cows, including heifers Uiot have calved— 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head forms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting 

2 to 9 head farms reporting 

10 to 19 head farms reporting 

20 to 29 head farms reporting 

30 to 49 head farms reporting 

50 to 74 head farms reporting 

75 to 99 head farms reporting 

100 or more head farms reporting 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting 

number 

HogS and pigs farms reporting 

number 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting 

number 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 

number 

Sheep 1 year old and over forms reporting 

number 

Ewes farms reporting 

number 

Rams and wethers farms reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over rarms reporting 

number 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive forms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Sheep and lambs sold alive .farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting 

pounds 
dollars 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 
dollars 

See footnotes at end of table. 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 



42,736 
655,414 
30,693 
87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 
4,144 
10,590 
11,710 
11,596 
3,210 
527 
356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



21,629,575 

7,681 

2,766,331 

1,709,669 

192,645 

621,605 

242,412 

18,863,244 

386,966 

2,561,045 

15,915,233 



2,373 
74,441 

1,891 
24,194 

1,414 

9,252 



2,108 
33,458 

1,695 
16,789 



61 
167 
327 
580 
853 
275 
104 
6 



331 
874 
308 
161 
142 
43 
14 
18 



372 
819 
106 
60 
47 
6 



705 
2,491 

833 
61,006 

617 
32,984 

717 
28,022 

404 
49,228 

356 
22,325 

384 
26,903 

374 
25,874 

313 
1,029 

1,028 
95,076 



2,570 

75,661 

13,102,734 

587 

67,080 

2,079,480 

341 

34,522 

483,308 

732 

61,630,552 

2,561,045 

375 

57,400 

549 

810,779 

299,991 



3,625,938 

68,414 

609,911 

104,411 

102,000 

403,000 

500 

3,016,027 

89,236 

463,166 

2,463,625 



46 
8,055 

34 
2,780 

34 
1,356 

18 
1,869 

39 
3,406 



6 

47 

18 

1,499 

18 

897 

13 

602 

11 
4,452 

11 
3,880 

11 
572 

11 
560 

11 

12 



18,250 



53 

9,123 

2,260,509 

13 

2,986 

92,566 

11 

7,640 

106,960 

28 

11,246,412 

463,166 

13 

9,104 

12 

216,574 

80,132 



3,711,059 

26,698 

290,301 

181,991 

43,640 

1,150 

63,520 

3,420,758 

44,521 

771,039 

2,605,198 



134 
8,718 

118 

3,711 

95 

1,836 

122 
3,083 

109 
1,924 



41 
298 

51 
1,060 

36 
665 

41 
395 

23 
4,377 

22 
818 

23 
3,559 

23 
3,437 

23 
122 

47 
5,470 



139 

13,652 

2,430,789 

27 

2,215 

68,665 

22 

2,415 

33,810 

82 

17,444,670 

771,039 

20 

3,100 

21 

55,760 

20,631 



5,533,891 

13,766 

740,747 

582,444 

3,875 

110,203 

44,225 

4,793,144 

67, 516 

639,110 

4,086,518 



297 

12,761 

241 

4,209 

188 

1,564 

267 
6,026 

217 
2,526 



5 
25 
15 
55 
110 
52 
35 



90 

271 

166 

26,525 

131 
14,270 

156 
12,255 

87 
18,158 

67 
8,987 

82 
9,171 

77 
8,848 

72 
323 

131 
12,155 



357 

15,277 

2,890,694 

141 

31,210 

967,510 

66 

12,000 

168,000 

172 

15,294,100 

639, 110 

46 

6,675 

66 

163,420 

60,466 



4,641,473 

7,119 

618,128 

478,375 

24,955 

34,152 

80,646 

4,023,345 

83,361 

438,010 

3,501,974 



526 
17,533 

409 
5,203 

330 
1,860 

501 

8,565 

391 

3,765 



5 
30 
36 
80 
285 
65 
25 



65 
180 
71 
35 
32 
26 



80 

:■-' 
35 
20 



212 
867 
196 

21,373 
156 

10,865 
181 

10,508 

93 
8,731 

76 
3,600 

83 
5,131' 

83 
4,984 

52 
147 

242 
26,431 



591 

16,144 

2,785,701 

166 

19,734 

611,754 

72 

4,902 

68,628 

160 

11,077,285 

438,010 

120 

29,461 

140 

136,445 

50,485 



3,389,424 

3,560 

356,981 

284,805 

13,850 

28,328 

27,998 

3,032,443 

76,339 

223,000 

2,733,104 



797 
19,710 

602 
5,865 

411 
1,447 



727 

10,055 

592 

3,790 



20 
30 
120 
245 
286 



115 
275 
111 
51 
50 



130 

256 

20 

5 



215 
595 
241 

9,327 
180 

5,475 
211 

3,852 

100 

9,265 

95 

3,435 

100 
5,830 

100 

5,525 

80 

305 

312 
I I, 2 



882 

17,462 

2,296,785 

160 

9,555 

296,205 

100 

5,765 

80,710 

215 

5,629,917 

223,000 

115 

7,121 

195 

175,965 

65,108 



727,790 
1,178 

150,263 
77,643 
2,325 
44,772 
25,523 

577,527 
25,993 
26,720 

524,814 



573 
7,664 

487 
2,426 

356 
1,189 

473 
3,860 

347 
1,378 



25 
75 
151 
195 
127 



95 

321 

61 

10 



80 
266 

10 



141 
413 
161 
1,222 
96 
812 
115 
410 

90 
4,245 

85 
1,605 

85 
2,640 

80 
2,520 

75 
120 

280 
13,150 



548 

4,003 

438,256 

80 

1,380 

42,780 

70 

1,800 

25,200 

75 

938,168 

26,720 

61 

1,939 

115 

62,615 

23,169 



84 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 7 of 8. -Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. . . .farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 hUers farms reporting . 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters 

70 or more litters 

June 2 to November 30 



farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . . 

farms reporting . 

farms reporting . 

farms reporting. 

number of litters . 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com Tor all purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 



Under 11 acres. . . . 
11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain 



arms reporting. , 

i reporting. . 

arms reporting.. 

i reporting . . 

arms reporting. . 

arms reporting. . 

I reporting . 

acres . 

bushels. 

.farms reporting. 

bushels . 



Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons . . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. , 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11, 106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 
836,491 



2,684,057 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 
10,900 
18,339 



Economic class 



555 

10,679 

100 

151 

117 

115 

41 

31 

490 

4,782 

495 

5,897 



1,219 

22,402 

631 

337 

159 

43 

26 

23 

802 

13,790 

861,665 

183 

166, 050 

723 

10,897 

339,880 

647 
309,757 

1,449 

20,029 

1,051,106 

379 

211, 145 

215 

2,614 

89,068 

50 

10,275 

35 

730 

14,675 

20 

11,520 

51 

645 

10,725 

15 

7,850 



93 
1,509 
15,529 



101,003 



1,158 

33,582 

67,565 

266 

8,370 



1,516 

52,017 

84,672 

340 

13,750 



125 

1,431 

1,970 

16 

125 

378 

10,860 

16,250 

90 

3,110 



169 
3,113 
21,432 

35 
340 
480 



12 
490 



10 

1 
1 
12 
205 
12 
285 



40 
3,152 



11 

1 

15 

25 

1,679 

134,760 

11 

22,500 

31 

825 

24,508 

31 
24,318 

23 

739 

46,090 

6 

4,200 

11 

358 

14,250 



2 

75 
854 



6,448 



509 
3,411 



36 

254 



26 

137 

36 

117 



67 
2,612 

15 





34 


1 


721 


90 


190 




12 


19 


170 




37 




90S 


33 


527 




32 


27 


664 




91 


2 


072 


01 


212 




10 


4 


■!■■ 




26 




652 


23 


240 



15 

300 

4,000 



38 


61 


3,118 


2,421 


7,830 


5,990 


2 


17 


350 


1,270 


22 


86 


1,565 


5,467 


2,555 


10,940 


6 


22 


210 


1,865 


3 


5 


81 


25 


205 


35 


16 


16 


1,175 


715 


2,300 


1,160 



43 

800 

6,540 



131 

4,511 

10 

10 

36 

35 

15 

25 

LL6 

1,968 

131 

2,543 



214 

5,779 

45 

71 

66 

27 

5 

147 

3,620 

203,485 

70 

78,630 

127 

2,950 

96,010 

122 

90,485 

254 

4,766 

283, 695 

66 

67,830 

31 

233 

9,620 

10 
2,600 

20 
655 

13,375 

10 

10,500 



40 
125 



25 

610 

4,990 



200 

8,710 

16,584 

96 

3,180 



186 

8,099 

12,043 

56 

3,400 



21 

470 

570 

10 

60 

50 
1,840 
3,095 

20 
1,335 



42 

659 

5,346 

10 
75 
220 



141 

3,429 

15 

25 

21 

50 

25 

5 

126 

1,512 

136 

1,917 



327 

5,518 
155 
122 
25 
10 
15 

226 

3,920 

285,235 

45 

29,400 

197 

3,125 

93,735 

192 

86,660 

424 

6,004 

297,044 

137 

73,490 

87 

1,016 

31,258 

35 

6,675 

10 

50 

1,075 

5 

910 

20 

470 

8,450 

15 
7,850 



21 

304 
3,100 



27,754 



348 

9,368 

18,791 

91 

2,765 



389 
15,136 
26,134 

116 
4,665 



15 

80 

105 



81 
2,105 
2,960 

30 
840 



61 
1,065 
5,615 

10 
130 
110 



165 
1,710 
30 
65 
55 
15 



145 
770 
145 
940 



390 

3,970 

265 

100 

20 

5 



270 
2,245 

118,270 

40 

15,650 

235 
2,325 
70,710 

190 
63,355 

446 

4,820 

234,210 

115 

46,955 

50 

320 

9,775 

5 

1,000 

5 

25 

225 

5 

110 



90 

1,400 



10 

55 

1,005 



345 


166 


6,670 


3,295 


13,590 


4,780 


50 


10 


735 


70 


546 


287 


16, 140 


5,610 


25,630 


7,370 


125 


15 


3,445 


165 


51 


30 


440 


335 


665 


390 


1 


5 


25 


40 


95 


120 


2,400 


2,625 


3,840 


2,895 


30 


10 


675 


260 


10 


5 


60 


20 


295 


225 


5 


10 


55 


80 


30 


120 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 7 of 8.-Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms 

[ Dftla are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



85 



llom 
(For definitions and explanations. 



ToUl all 
commercial farms 



SPECIFIED CROPS tURVESTED-Conlinued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . 

acres 2 , 
hundredweight . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars . . 

Strawberries harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
quarts . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . 

acres . . 



5)739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



220 

75 

7,680 

124 
192,645 

40 

19 

14,700 



323 
2,995 



2 
102,000 



10 
750 



5 

5 
300 

17 
43,640 



20 

25 

3,600 

15 
3,875 



35 

15 

1,320 

45 
24,955 

5 
3 

500 



87 
317 



85 

7 
770 

35 
15,850 

5 

1 

250 



70 

307 



75 

23 

1,690 

10 
2,325 

30 

15 

13,950 



85 

649 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



86 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 
Part 8 of 8.-General farms 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number.. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in farms acres . , 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farms according fo use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres rarms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

acres , . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) *. . .farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporti ng . . 

acres . . 

litigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour Tarms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BV AGE 

Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 14 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number . . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age yBBTs.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting.. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value ol agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting . . 

With income from sources other than 

farm operated operators reporting . . 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10to49acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . . 

100 to 139 acres number. . 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

220 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number.. 

2,000 or more acres number.. 

See lootnotes at end of table. 



Total all 
commercial farms 



56,760 

XXX 

11,52.4,704 

XXX 

203.0 

28,011 
139.90 

54,161 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226, 575 

1,825 
63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 
113,997 

1,036 
50,604 



56,217 
983 
6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 
7,481 
49.7 



Economic class 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 
6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 

6,759 
■ 5,279 
11,626 
2,322 
275 
45 



2,389 

100.0 

457,297 

100.0 

191.4 

30,620 
159.15 

2,369 

223,661 

50 

145 

186 

270 

888 

637 

177 

15 

1 

1,221 

32,797 

1,014 

28,014 

240 

7,005 

892 

21,009 

624 

20,723 

1,542 

77,565 

1,011 

35,576 

208 

4,323 

96 
3,865 

281 
9,535 

132 
2,210 

118 

5,666 

45 

2,345 



2,343 
30 
213 
506 
572 
606 
416 
51.9 



1,056 
436 
157 
463 
292 



566 
523 



1,333 
258 



602 
225 



15 
125 
205 
290 
485 
380 

215 

140 

446 

66 

17 

5 



90 

3.8 

45,205 

9.9 

502.3 

110,846 
224.37 

90 

27,004 



61 
4,102 

38 
1,492 

21 
445 

23 
1,047 

27 

895 

74 

5,798 

47 

2,783 

10 

793 

26 
1,710 

44 
3,420 



10 
340 



37 
24 
12 
10 
46.2 



149 

6.2 

46,001 

10.1 

308.7 



60,540 
202.66 



149 

24,121 



104 

4,270 

52 

2,089 

22 

925 

42 

1,164 

30 
1,520 

99 
6,620 

57 
2,216 

16 
535 



15 

680 



1,895 



6 
335 



51 


95 


36 


126 


51 


66 


11 


70 


.7 


49.8 



422 

17.7 

96,906 

21.2 

229.6 



36,589 

154.30 



417 
55,110 



130 
220 



250 
7,625 

191 

6,105 

51 

2,200 

165 
3,905 

125 

2,640 

292 

10,366 

201 

7,420 

35 

845 

25 
1,295 

36 
1,350 

30 
570 

40 
2,395 



51 


145 


30 


75 


6 


30 


15 


40 


5 


25 


26 


75 


10 


45 


98 


277 


il 


55 


42 


110 


5 


10 





5 


5 


5 


5 


10 


15 


70 


: 


90 


20 


60 


25 


55 


55 


105 


10 


20 


3 


2 



582 

24.4 

108,545 

23.7 

186.5 



29,887 
158.50 



577 

51,338 

20 
35 
70 
205 
231 
16 



315 
7,320 

261 

6,265 

65 

1,380 

226 
4,885 

170 

6,815 

377 

19,445 

227 

6,757 

66 

950 

20 

70 



65 
1,610 

45 
700 

35 

1,680 

25 

1,100 



581 
10 
70 
126 
125 
170 



291 
120 

56 
115 

91 

186 

130 

291 
50 

125 

60 



30 
40 
65 
115 
105 

70 

30 

120 

5 

1 



752 

31.5 

111,870 

24.5 

148.8 

21,409 
142.14 

752 
51,996 



135 
415 
111 



345 
7,020 

326 

8,683 

65 

1,625 

291 
7,058 

170 

5,705 

457 

20,036 

322 

10,305 

65 

830 



25 
305 



25 
1,005 



747 

15 

55 

141 

166 

125 

245 

55.0 



65 
292 
135 

212 

337 

320 
60 

210 

145 



35 
65 
125 
235 

135 

50 
20 

75 
5 

1 
1 



394 

16.5 

48,770 

10.7 

123.8 

13,658 
112.32 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 8 of 8.-General farms 

|Dala are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



87 



(For definitions and explanations, sop text) 



Total all 

id farms 



Economic class 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENIIRF OF OPERATOR 

All larm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number . 

Ml tennnta number. 

Cash tennnls number. , 

Share-cash tenants number. , 

Crop-share tenants number . , 

Li* ostock-share tenants number . , 

Other and unspecified tenants number . , 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . , 

All tenants number. , 

Nonwhito farm operators 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number. , 

All tenants number . , 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 
Grain combines farms reporting. , 

Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number. , 
Pick-up halers farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting . , 

number.. 

Motortrucks farms reportinj; . , 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting . , 

number. , 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting . , 

number., 

1 tractor farms reporting . , 

J tractors farms reporting. . 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting. , 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number. , 
Garden tractors farms reporting. , 

number . . 

Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Bulk-type farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting . 

1 mile farms reporting . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting, 

persons. 



Regular hired workers (employed ISO o 



a days) farms reporting . 

persons. 



Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker 

2 hired workers 

3 or 4 hired workers 

S to 9 hired workers 

10 or more hired workers 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 



. .farms reporting. , 
..farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting. 
. .farms reporting. 



34,590 
18,877 
2,908 

1,558 
210 

U0 

370 
630 



34,505 
18,862 
2,893 



Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 

16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 

51,920 
114,975 

15,565 
20,231 

10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 

2,840 

1,577 

1,122 

75 

66 



19,631 
44,781 



15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 



1,598 
676 
106 



1,598 
676 
106 



966 

1,043 

472 

483 

1,059 

1,080 

316 

351 

1,631 

2,587 

2,162 
5,707 
2,132 
5,115 

642 

718 
441 
160 
171 

2,106 
4,776 
283 
339 
521 
592 

2,165 
2,984 
2,272 

2,134 
1,577 
855 
851 
60 
45 
1,149 



1,727 
389 
246 

114 



132 



601 
2,269 



426 
904 



239 
81 
68 
31 

7 



,179 
109 
101 



89 
530 



10 
21 
53 

89 
490 
16 
21 
18 
19 

87 
210 



85 
678 



75 
299 



82 
92 
51 
57 
98 
99 

57 

63 

134 

267 

139 
606 
139 
541 

1 
25 
40 
36 
37 

138 
504 
32 
37 
45 
65 

139 
233 
139 

144 

129 

98 



115 
17 
12 
6 



108 
838 



98 

267 



144 
5 



202 

200 

20 



202 
200 
20 



222 
247 
155 
155 
256 
261 

92 
93 
382 
714 

412 
1,251 

412 
1,155 

60 
115 
155 
41 
41 

402 
1,073 
71 
82 
86 
96 

407 
588 
417 

407 
337 
235 
230 



15 
322 



316 
85 
11 



171 
341 



136 
191 



100 
25 
10 

1 



382 
20 
20 



416 
135 
25 



416 
135 
25 



230 
250 
135 
135 
266 
271 

60 

60 

422 

569 

552 
1,343 

537 
1,197 

150 
200 
126 
36 
25 

537 
1,116 
66 
81 
141 
146 

557 
740 
582 

507 
362 
205 
226 
15 
10 
276 



395 
95 
86 

50 

36 
20 



151 
251 



541 
20 

21 



557 

160 

35 



557 
160 
35 



320 
335 
90 
90 
280 
285 

60 
70 
441 
518 

672 

1,448 

662 

1,253 

226 
306 

110 

15 

5 

657 
1,188 
55 
65 
175 
195 

667 
859 
712 

677 
497 
190 
175 

5 
305 



572 

120 
60 
30 



85 

160 



687 
35 
30 



88 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Par t 8 of 8- -General farms 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text j 



(For definitions and explanations, u 



Total all 
commercial farms 



Economic class 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material? used during the >cnr farms reporting.. 

acres on which used. ., 
tons . . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

torts.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Corn farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting . . 

tons . . 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons,. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons . . 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials forms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Ml other crops farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms recocting . . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used durinc the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons .. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms rcporlinft. . 

$2,000 to 54,9119 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poult/y farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

S5.000 toS9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

S200 to S999 farms reporting. . 

S1.000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to S199 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 lo $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to S49,999 farms reporting. . 

550,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

S100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or nore farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the rami business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $499 -. farms reporting. . 

S500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting. . 

See foouiotos at end of table. 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 

13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 

18 

29,241 
553,226 
29,225 
100,034 
210 
854 

11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 
81,908 

2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 

29,935 

169,615 

137 

951 

21,534 

428,944 

876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 
10,410 
11,029 
18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 

7,962 

6,707 

5,542 

7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 
3,151 
2,696 

55,873 
33,871,663 
4,196 
27,261 
15,806 
8,367 
243 



1,862 

112,191 

26,649 

1,847 

26,509 

25 

140 

348 
9,408 

348 
1,691 



51 
554 

51 
97 



1,191 

21,730 

1,191 

4,187 

5 

17 

1,199 

21,777 

1,189 

3,593 

10 

16 

262 
3,805 

262 

3,910 

5 



1,498 

54,917 

1,493 

13,031 

15 

102 

705 

12,944 

25,032 



2,374 
1,803 
2,452,396 
236 
920 
268 
278 
101 

1,061 
978,209 
835 
141 
61 
11 
13 

1,406 

462,224 

673 

632 

101 

1,395 

3,040,221 

310 

296 

237 

208 

178 

91 

64 

10 

1 

1,435 
614,648 
458 
612 
222 
143 

2,297 

1,277,283 

285 

1,119 

548 

336 

9 



89 

19,353 

5,742 

89 
5,711 

10 

31 



27 

1,460 

27 

201 



68 

3,480 

68 

599 

5 

17 

67 

2,325 

67 

417 



21 

1,205 

21 

1,280 

5 

5 



3,213 

5 

9 

60 

1,847 

3,772 



90 
82 
425,351 
10 
25 
1 
12 
34 

44 



13 

63 

43,950 

12 

30 

21 

85 
1,138,888 



16 

48 

10 

1 

78 
149,163 

15 
11 



137 

15,534 

4,250 

132 

4,175 

5 

75 

31 
830 

31 
131 



102 

3,565 

102 

717 



97 
,502 



30 
820 



127 

7,717 

127 

1,964 

5 

75 

61 
1,120 

2,100 



149 

123 
368,400 
5 
25 
41 
20 
32 

72 

166,550 

30 

26 

5 
11 



92,390 
10 
42 
25 

139 
591,650 
10 
6 
10 
20 
42 
35 
16 



112 
95,925 
15 
41 
25 
31 

144 
177,999 

21 
30 
93 



397 

33,030 

8,613 

397 

8,613 



51 

2,075 

51 

381 



10 
200 
10 
30 



305 
6,095 

305 
1,192 



270 
6,180 

270 
1,042 



356 

17,365 

356 

4,647 



182 
3,695 
6,465 



422 
362 

756,550 
10 

131 
66 

125 
30 

231 
224,430 

161 
45 
25 



330 

119,455 

105 

195 
30 

347 

778,493 

20 

45 

61 

101 
90 
30 



326 

182,960 

55 

130 
96 
45 

417 
350,870 

95 
230 
92 



486 

23,915 

4,540 

486 

4,540 



111 

2,839 

111 

516 



20 

120 

20 

30 



330 

4,725 

330 

940 



310 

4,730 
310 
789 



55 

490 

55 

340 



381 

11,011 

381 

1,925 



180 
3,435 
6,800 



582 

427 

495,175 

31 

246 

70 

75 

5 

271 

131,370 

236 

30 

5 



380 

104,475 

175 

185 

20 

402 
347,300 

85 
105 
116 

65 



357 
108,970 
106 
181 
60 
10 

582 
260,790 

40 
345 
146 

51 



570 

17,905 

2,997 

565 

2,989 

5 



75 
1,550 



15 

125 

15 

21 



315 

3,390 

315 

643 



380 

5,475 

375 

773 

5 
8 

45 

120 

45 

83 



440 
7,245 

440 
1,145 



166 
2,255 

4,860 



752 
595 

327,230 
115 
360 
80 
40 

335 

127,750 

300 

25 

10 



435 

81,215 

290 

140 

5 

351 
165,440 
150 
125 
40 
16 
20 



430 

66,255 

185 

220 

20 

5 

722 
229,810 
110 
471 
120 
21 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 
Part 8 of 8. -General farms 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



89 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
commercial farms 



ESTIMATED VALINE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All (arm products sold total, dollars.'.. 

average per farm, dollars... 
All crops sold dollars .. . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . , 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. .. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold. dollars . . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, 

other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting . . , 

number... 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting... 

number. . , 

Milk cows farms reporting. .. 

number... 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting. ., 

number.. , 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . , 

number. .. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. , , 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. .. 

5 to 9 head. farms reporting. ., 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. .. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting. .. 

50 to 99 head farm- reporting, . , 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.., 

500 or more head farms reporting. .. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. ., 

2 to 9 head farms reporting... 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting . . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 head farms reporting . . 

100 or more head farms reporting . . 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting . . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold abve farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number.. 

dollars.. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number . . 

dollars.. 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting.. 

pounds. . 

dollars. . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dorens. . 

dollars. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 

655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 
4,342 
10,777 
11,910 
11,868 
3,361 
557 
404 



1,453 

4,144 

10, 590 

11,710 

11,596 

3,210 

527 

356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

,245, 470,, 106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



22,282,072 
9,327 

14,374,237 
7,689,910 
3,265,425 
2,709,746 
709,156 
7,907,835 
1,613,583 
3,182,807 

3,111,4*5 



1,558 
35,733 

1,317 
15,030 

1,147 
10,525 

1,281 

15,568 

945 

5,135 



81 
281 
211 
370 
460 
118 

37 



226 
557 
341 
81 
79 
15 
10 



227 
517 
276 
61 



1 

467 
1,271 

607 
10,009 

339 
6,289 

461 
3,720 

263 
26,903 

232 
12,913 

258 
13,990 

252 
13,363 

207 

627 

1,194 
420,654 

1,342 

18,709 

2,465,785 

314 

8,634 

267,654 

237 

21,777 

304,878 

755 

77,571,876 

3,182,807 

790 

138,391 

880 

3,921,008 

1,450,777 



5,034,842 

55,943 

3,314,934 

1,195,233 

1,089,300 

854,561 

175,840 

1,719,908 

274,649 

765,432 

679,827 



67 
6,815 

61 
2,765 

46 
1,726 

57 

3,023 

66 

1,027 



10 
23 

5 
1 
1 

26 
104 

30 
981 

23 
713 

25 
268 

16 
3,905 

16 
2,040 

16 
1,865 

16 
1,819 

11 

46 

34 
67,679 



77 

3,124 

524,427 

18 

998 

30,938 

16 

8,416 

117,824 

46 

17,154,532 

765,432 

24 

22,531 

29 

681,128 

252,018 



3,715,988 
24,940 

2,044,722 

783,920 

627,690 

562,605 

70,507 

1,671,266 
176,776 
908,670 

585,820 



123 
5,767 

113 
2,650 

108 
2,190 

108 

2,425 

78 

692 



27 
67 
45 

980 
40 

615 
25 

365 

21 
5,274 

20 
4,185 

21 
1,089 

21 
1,039 

20 

50 

70 
45,035 



114 

3,234 

498,808 

20 

1,015 

31,465 

20 

3,550 

49,700 

104 

21,694,400 

908,670 

50 

14,387 

50 

407,400 

150,739 



6,126,771 
14,518 

3,802,529 

1,936,900 
976,010 
744,286 
145,333 

2,324,242 
472,930 
981,070 

870,242 



307 
8,834 

282 
4,233 

242 
2,897 

281 
3,375 

196 
1,226 



36 
65 

150 

35 

5 



21 
66 

140 
30 
20 



22 

65 
130 
25 



56 
97 
85 

2,210 
65 

1,595 

60 

615 

50 
5,925 

45 
2,100 

50 
3,825 

50 
3,695 

45 
130 

226 
129,235 



331 

5,466 

715,965 

55 

2,585 

80,135 

50 

3,620 

50,680 

230 

24,244,739 

981,070 

165 

44,786 

170 

1,155,795 

427,644 



4,211,997 
7,237 

2,850,561 

1,890,362 
416,905 
351,651 
191,643 

1,361,436 
424,330 
391,815 

545,291 



395 
6,990 

320 
2,805 

255 
1,910 

315 

3,430 

225 

755 



25 
150 

120 



65 
125 
105 
15 
10 



50 

115 

85 

5 



101 
408 
126 

2,551 
61 

1,551 
110 

1,000 

65 

6,505 

65 
2,495 

65 
4,010 

65 
3,875 

50 
135 

306 
98,005 



355 

3,900 

430,045 

80 

1,690 

52,390 

65 

2,975 

41,650 

175 

10,396,827 

391,815 

246 

29,215 

256 

1,040,850 

385,115 



2,796,439 

3,719 

2,060,655 

1,621,688 

144,510 

186,402 

108,055 

735,784 

235,139 

122,980 

377,665 



440 
5,800 

375 
2,090 

340 
1,420 

350 
2,595 

280 
1,115 



25 
85 

110 
115 
95 

10 



70 

245 

45 

10 

5 



85 

225 

30 



130 
330 
250 

3,080 
120 

1,705 
190 

1,375 

75 
4,695 

65 
1,930 

75 
2,765 

75 
2,670 

65 

95 

391 
66,475 



350 

2,490 

256,505 

120 

2,165 

67,115 

65 

2,885 

40,390 

155 

3,670,764 

122,980 

255 

24,702 

295 

563,690 

208,567 



90 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 8 of 8.-General farms 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all 
oommercial farms 



Economic class 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959. .. .farms reporting. 

number of litters . 

arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

'arms reporting. 

'arms reporting . 

'arms reporting . 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
number of litters . 

December 1 to Juno 1 farms reporting . 

number of litters . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Corn for all purposes .farms reporting . 



1 or 2 HUers 

3 to 3 litters 

10 to 19 litters 

20 to 39 litters 

40 Co 69 litters 

70 or more HUers. . . 
June 2 to November 30 



Under 11 acres 

11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres 

100 or more acres . 
Harvested for grain 



.farms reporting. 
, .farms reporting . 

.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting. 
..farms reporting. 

.farms reporting . 

bushels. 

.farms reporting . 

bushels . 



Wheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . 

acres . 
100-lb. bags. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Gra8s silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 
836,491 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 



32,274 

' 1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 



4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 



8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 
10,900 
18,339 



244 

1,943 

55 

102 
75 
12 



213 

919 

209 

1,024 



1,276 

22,290 

565 

471 

186 

27 

11 

16 

1,146 

16,773 

967,249 

607 

492,631 

1,379 

24,277 

754,315 

1,303 
688,615 

1,522 

25,159 

1,479,273 

842 

681,175 

173 

1,937 

55,560 



123 
1,545 
33,265 



63 
895 

17,935 

58 

17,170 



430 
11,210 
121,280 



1,301 

39,297 

96,546 

769 

53,076 



1,275 

48,368 

92,605 

724 

56,454 



21 

105 

145 

5 

60 

274 
7,687 
14,421 

152 
9,520 



81 
1,438 
8,535 

116 
1,660 
2,820 



68 

3,480 

10 

10 

21 

11 

11 

5 

63 

2,248 

135,934 

20 

54,484 

82 
2,550 

92,475 

81 

89,075 

62 
2,229 

160,683 

19 

32,000 

10 
190 

6,000 



17 

220 

5,675 

17 
2,225 

2 
20 
500 

2 
500 



28 
2,365 
29,560 



58 

4,677 

14,060 

31 

6,425 



34 

1,802 

4,305 

1 

500 



3 
67 
106 

1 
30 



16 

373 

2,110 



20 
160 



102 

3,565 

15 

40 

30 

6 

11 

97 

2,550 

140,535 

47 

51,507 

107 
2,552 

88,640 

107 

82,800 

103 

2,355 

149,750 

57 

54,000 

22 

420 

8,235 

7 

3,025 

11 
50 

1,450 
6 

1,075 



60 

1,100 



32 
1,360 

18,465 



92 
3,380 
8,530 

27 
1,180 



58 
2,142 
4,274 

17 
1,524 



10 
185 

175 



20 

260 

1,800 



45 

580 

5 

10 

25 

5 



45 
285 

45 
295 



315 
6,145 
95 
130 
85 
5 



285 

4,675 

282,490 

160 

151,385 

290 

6,825 

213,775 

280 
198,600 

346 

7,250 

430,665 

166 

210,770 

50 

580 

15,975 

30 
12,100 

15 

245 

7,320 

10 

7,150 

5 
50 
500 

5 
500 



135 
3,950 
38,095 



276 

9,880 

26,056 

126 

13,731 



211 

7,870 

16,805 

81 

7,220 



25 

865 

2,010 

15 
1,775 



15 

485 

1,925 



390 
420 



45 
365 

30 

10 

5 



45 
205 

35 
160 



350 

4,875 

150 

160 

35 
5 



310 

4,000 

234,420 

185 
148,695 

355 
5,255 

169,980 

335 

149,300 

375 

6,080 

355,975 

225 

185,200 

45 

410 

15,275 

20 

7,575 

40 
720 

14,700 

25 

10,010 

20 
395 

10,600 

20 

10,020 



145 

2,430 

24,940 



24,849 



350 

9,620 

22,450 

220 

14,605 



332 
13,074 
28,060 

197 
19,890 



6 
50 
85 

5 
60 

75 
2,105 
5,170 

25 
2,185 



45 
475 
725 



105 
650 
35 
45 
25 



270 
85 
380 



350 

3,640 

220 

115 

15 



320 

2,900 

157,415 

170 

80,965 

445 

6,380 

170,155 

435 

154,530 

490 

6,325 

337,925 

320 
182,415 

45 

325 

9,475 

30 
5,500 

35 

265 

3,670 

25 
2,170 

25 

340 

5,160 

25 

5,160 



90 
1,105 
10,220 



28,690 



395 
8,865 

21,120 

260 

14,085 



442 
16,830 
31,045 

287 
22,810 



75 
2,680 
5,185 

45 

4,080 



25 

285 

1,450 

45 

620 

1,440 



NEW YORK 

State Table 18.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM BY 

ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

Part 8 of 8.-General farms 

|Dala arc bused on reports for only a sample of farms. See texl] 



91 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HWESTED-Conli 



i-l 



Irish potatoes harvested for heme 

use or for sale farms reporting . 

acres 2 
hundredweight. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

Sales dollars . 



Strawberries harvested. 



farms reporting . 

acres . 
quarts . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . 

acres . 



Total all 
commercial farms 



5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 
37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 

162,076 



Economic class 



434 

3,877 

617,086 

782 
3,265,425 

141 

157 

461,520 



643 

10,800 



22 

1,205 
240,030 

70 
1,089,300 

11 

36 

130,400 



43 
2,594 



35 

820 

134,855 

96 
627,690 

15 

28 

57,500 



65 
1,968 



111 

1,121 

135,540 

225 
976,010 

20 

33 

162,150 



160 
2,874 



91 

507 

75,331 

181 
416,905 

25 
29 

77,150 



157 
1,656 



115 

139 

17,820 

165 
144,510 

50 

26 

26,820 



166 
1,529 



60 
85 

13,510 

45 
11,010 



52 

179 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



92 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text} 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



F\RMS \CREAGE, \\7>V\LUE 

Farms number. . . 

Percent distribution : percent... 

Land in farms acres - • ■ 

Percent distribution percent . . . 

Average si ze of farm acres . . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Vverage per farm - dollars . . . 

Average per acre dollars . . , 

Land in farms according lo use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.., 

acres.. . 

1 to 9 acres bairns reporting. . , 

10 to 1ft acres farms reporting.., 

20 to 29 acres tarns reporting..., 

SO to 49 acres farms reporting. . , 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . . 

'200 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

500 to 999 acres farms reoorting . . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Cronland used only for pasture farms remitting. . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting... 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms renorting.. 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) ..- farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Improved pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

Cropland used for grain or row crops 

farmed on the contour farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number . . 

Under 25 years number . . 

25 to 34 years number . . 

35 to 44 years number. . 

45 to 54 years number. . 

55 to 64 years number.. 

85 or more years number . . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FMWWORK \SD OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, toUl operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

500 or more days operators reporting., 

With other memhers of family working off farm operators reporting., 

With income from sources other than farm 

operat-Ki and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural nroducts sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their farms of not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than form operated. . .operators reporting. 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number , 

10 to 19 acres number . 

SO to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 119 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 559 acres number . 

260 to 199 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number . 

2,000 or more acres number . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Total all farms 



62,354 

XXX 

13,526, -411 

XXX 

164.2 

23,333 
145 .10 

75,961 

5,153,941 

9,316 

7,295 

6,775 

12,995 

22,912 

13,564 

2,903 

131 

20 

36,718 

1,290,784 

25,992 

766,909 

5,768 

153,847 

22,374 

613,062 

25,254 

939,382 

45,614 

2,059,601 

41,986 

2,413,854 

10,305 

241,011 

2,020 

64,472 

5,229 
141,990 

3,457 
91,629 



Commercial farms by type of farm 




3 


030 


121 


669 


1 


227 


55 


334 


81 


663 


1 


233 


8 


895 


18 


259 


20 


329 


18 


190 


14 


275 


50.8 



36,687 
9,708 
4,389 
22,590 
11,161 

17,392 

22,477 

45,667 
8,626 
13,072 



4,850 

12,569 

6,182 

8,643 

12,234 

9,693 

7,564 

5,629 

12,227 

2,417 

294 

52 



56,760 

100.0 

11, 524, 704 

100.0 

203.0 



28,011 
139.90 

54,181 

4,657,453 

2,323 

2,309 

3,156 

9,051 

20, 938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

ry ,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 

63,271 

4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 
1,036 
50,604 



56,217 
983 
6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 
7,481 
49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 
5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 

6,879 

12,654 



2,045 
4,281 
2,646 
4,942 
8,669 
7,871 
6,759 
5,279 
11,626 
2,322 
275 
45 



Cash-grain farms 



1,670 

2.9 

335,385 

2.9 

200.8 

28,455 
144.55 

1,670 

206,012 

25 

40 

65 

206 

636 

475 

184 

37 

2 

553 

12,578 

772 

23,420 

235 

7,373 

640 

16,047 

139 

2,225 

1,117 

35,222 

534 

17,921 

67 

1,295 

7 

334 

278 
9,140 



2,725 

132 

6,040 

16 

745 



1,660 
30 
221 
382 
365 
398 
264 
50.1 



788 
361 
152 
275 
232 

403 

340 

882 
171 
361 



90 

115 

265 

310 

195 

230 

130 

245 

75 

13 

2 



Other field-crop 
farms 



833 

1.5 

166,628 

1.4 

200.0 

87,081 
441.13 

833 

98,; -: 

51 

50 

125 

250 

230 

116 

10 

1 

148 

1,638 

335 

14,698 

132 

6,942 

241 

7,756 

42 

3,335 

451 

28,008 

120 

5,298 

28 

350 

416 

28,308 

522 
39,873 

87 
7,134 

49 
7,169 

22 
2,327 



823 

15 

98 

240 

224 

136 

110 

48.5 



Vegetable 



186 
118 
26 
42 

51 



647 
81 
216 



150 

85 

125 

135 

75 

50 

55 

84 

56 

15 

3 



1,670 

2.9 

194,460 

1.7 

116.4 



49,959 
445.55 



1,670 

122,963 

300 

330 

190 

275 

275 

159 

107 

25 

9 

236 

5,602 

641 

21,440 

183 

9,865 

524 

11,575 

69 

2,020 

588 

18,737 

169 

5,920 

5 

413 

460 

14,649 

369 
22,617 

37 
2,795 

42 

2,190 

5 

75 



1,648 
20 
164 
447 
373 
406 
238 
50.1 



553 
259 
136 
158 
150 



,117 
182 
414 



165 

670 

170 

145 

171 

77 

68 

35 

103 

46 

17 

3 



NEW YORK 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



93 







[Data are based on 


reports for only a 9ample of farms. See text] 










text) 




Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 


Item 
(For definitions and explanations, ee< 


Fruit -and -nut 
farms 


Poultry farms 


Dairy fanns 


Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 


General farms 


Miscellaneous 
farms 


FARMS, ACREAGE, AW VALUE 


number . . . 


2,694 

4.7 

301,554 

2.6 

111.9 

37,273 
346.72 

2,694 

175,951 

170 

340 

430 

585 

676 

362 

121 

9 

1 

516 

8,756 

1,307 

31,675 

429 

8,317 

1,069 

23,358 

167 

3,170 

1,568 

39,763 

450 

11,302 

132 

2,241 

169 

3,867 

197 
4,927 

65 
2,505 

35 

1,605 

26 

187 

2,669 
25 
256 

517 
660 
741 
470 
52.1 

996 

400 
95 
501 
315 

624 

435 

1,698 
392 
870 

171 

45 
720 
425 
410 
420 
250 
155 

73 
145 

43 
8 

... 


3,693 

6.5 

327,484 

2.8 

88.7 

27,093 
312.68 

2,174 

98,142 

479 

355 

276 

361 

454 

218 

21 

10 

937 

19,778 

1,338 

44,142 

278 

7,460 

1,195 

36,682 

344 

8,422 

1,789 

79,793 

909 

33,166 

171 

2,446 

36 

365 

152 
3,135 

90 
2,860 

66 
2,210 

26 
1,126 

3,645 
25 
338 
760 
986 
986 
550 
51.5 

1,132 
483 
116 
533 
336 

627 

556 

2,561 

433 

1,105 

242 

705 

1,116 

352 

417 

403 

238 

153 

76 

178 

49 

3 

3 


39,072 

68.8 

9,085,231 

78.8 

232.5 

23,913 
104.03 

38,808 

3,540,203 

180 

645 

1,631 

6,458 

16,900 

10,894 

2,031 

65 

4 

22,631 

956,330 

8,766 

266,174 

1,948 

41,869 

7,427 

224,305 

18,410 

739,760 

23,637 

1,185,420 

27,542 

1,927,616 

8,405 

205,534 

232 

7,506 

2,301 
40,492 

2,469 
64,105 

2,224 

85,262 

838 

42,065 

38,756 

782 

4,832 

9,079 

10,575 

8,712 

4,776 

49.1 

11,326 
5,727 
1,625 
3,974 
3,267 

4,919 

2,722 

27,746 
4,945 
7,839 

785 

56 

682 

995 

2,870 

6,137 

6,225 

5,550 

4,530 

9,961 

1,888 

161 

17 


2,816 

5.0 

530,689 

4.6 

188.5 

27,882 
148.37 

2,539 

165,449 

136 

230 

242 

700 

816 

311 

98 

6 

1,712 

78,649 

1,053 

42,256 

245 

12,496 

901 

29,760 

959 

36,829 

1,565 

96,551 

1,427 

79,582 

354 

8,725 

11 

725 

166 
3,156 

84 
1,660 

113 

3,775 

45 

1,045 

2,798 
30 
221 
513 
680 
908 
446 
52.6 

1,303 
396 
206 
701 
454 

671 

778 

1,513 
288 
766 

215 

40 

305 

210 

355 

535 

395 

290 

190 

376 

85 

28 

7 


2,389 

4.2 

457,297 

4.0 

191.4 

30,620 
159.15 

2,369 

223,661 

50 

145 

186 

270 

888 

637 

177 

15 

1 

1,221 

32,797 

1,014 

28,014 

240 

7,005 

892 

21,009 

624 

20,723 

1,542 

77,565 

1,011 

35,576 

208 

4,323 

96 

3,865 

281 
9,535 

132 
2,210 

118 

5,666 

45 

2,345 

2,343 
30 
213 
506 
572 
606 
416 
51.9 

1,056 
436 
157 
463 
292 

566 

523 

1,333 

258 
602 

225 

15 

125 

205 

290 

485 

380 

215 

140 

446 

66 

17 

5 


1,923 

3.4 

125,976 

1.1 

65.5 


Value of land and buildings: 




51,704 
853.01 


Land in (arms according to use: 


farms reporting... 
acres . . . 

farms reporting. .. 


1,424 

26,784 

983 

173 






86 






71 






43 






48 
18 






1 




farms reporting. .. 
farms reporting.. . 

farms reporting. . . 
acres . . . 

acres . . . 

acres . . . 

. . . farms reporting . . . 


1 

160 

4,976 

459 

16,050 

116 

3,766 

373 

12,284 

122 




acres . . . 


6,822 
521 


Land use practices: 


acres . . ■ 
acres. ■ . 
acres... 
acres . . . 


46,442 

191 

11,026 

51 

1,248 

398 

3,652 

132 


Cropland used for grain or row crops 


acres . . . 


1,814 

13 


Land in strip-cropping systems for 


acres . . . 


129 
6 


FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 


acres . . . 
acres . . . 


80 
13 
689 

1,875 
26 






181 
379 






596 






482 






211 






50.2 


OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 
Farm operators— 


526 




operators reporting. . . 
operators reporting . . . 
operators reporting. . . 
operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 

operators reporti ng . . . 
operators reporting. . . 
.operators reporting. . . 

operators reporting. . . 


182 
81 


200 or more days 

With other members of Family working off farm 

With income from sources other than farm 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 


263 

126 

263 

251 
1,397 


With other members of family working off farm 

With income from sources other than farm operated, 
With other income of family exceeding value 

FARMS BY SIZE 


129 
481 

87 
1,019 






423 






89 






65 






73 






36 




.... number. . . 


46 






50 
88 






14 






13 




. . . number. . . 


5 



See footnotes at end of table. 



94 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports Tor only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all fanns 



Cannercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain fanns 



Other field-crop 
fanns 



Vegetable : 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants number . 

Crop-share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

NonwhiKt farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number. 

Gass I number. 

Class II number. 

Class III number. 

Class IV number. 

Class V number. 

Class VI number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

1 tractor farms reporting. 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting. 

4 tractors farms reporting. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number. 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting. 

HomB freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Bulk-type farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hani surface farms reporting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

lmile farms reporting . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM L ABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



57,078 

20,832 

3,904 

1,979 

225 

230 

390 

1,080 

56,893 
20,812 
3,889 

185 
20 
15 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 



18,028 
18,702 
6,631 
6,819 
36,039 
36,724 
17,109 
18,094 
47,459 
66,486 

72,959 

155,544 

70,176 

138,670 

29,698 

23,567 

10,844 

3,698 

2,369 

69,411 

131,149 

6,719 

7,521 

15,373 

16,874 

73,122 

93,150 

78,513 

74,191 

53,881 

45,049 

43,690 

7,271 

2,485 

37,270 

59,338 

12,403 

9,741 

5,353 

4,388 

2,424 

1,738 

110 

116 



20,544 
46,679 
15,849 
28,984 

10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 



75,236 
3,895 
3,223 



34,590 

18,877 

2,908 

1,558 

210 

140 

370 

630 

34,505 

18,862 

2,893 

85 
15 
15 



56,760 
2,111 
6,658 
16,707 
17,323 
11,183 
2,778 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 
16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 

125,925 

51,920 

114,975 

15,565 

20,231 

10,237 

3,610 

2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 

66,406 

55,176 

52,209 

39,381 

40,708 

40,015 

7,192 

2,408 

34,628 

41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 
2,840 
1,577 
1,122 
75 
66 



19,631 
44,781 
15,376 
27,825 

10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



921 
657 
80 
25 
25 
15 



916 

657 

80 



1,670 
44 
80 
203 
431 
651 
261 



1,116 

1,257 

654 

707 

720 

731 

203 

215 

1,170 

1,778 

1,584 

4,100 

1,584 

3,787 

441 

620 

266 

137 

120 

1,579 

3,657 

108 

130 

274 

313 

1,543 

1,972 

1,620 

1,480 

1,055 

309 

254 

20 

110 

953 

1,176 
287 
176 
115 
61 
51 
10 



318 
506 
173 
273 

114 
36 

17 
6 



1,462 
162 
46 



285 

438 

90 

75 



285 

438 

90 



833 
184 
263 
240 
111 
35 



227 

235 

29 

34 

92 

93 

20 

25 

778 

2,798 

808 

3,017 
803 

2,837 
66 
190 
206 
170 
171 
802 

2,605 
184 
232 
145 
180 
773 

1,229 

823 

773 

530 

39 

34 

3 

8 

435 

690 
94 
40 
20 
20 
6 
14 



554 
2,356 

404 
1,100 

162 
79 
93 
55 
15 



726 
80 
27 



903 
626 
140 

95 
5 

15 



898 
626 
140 



1,670 
180 
225 
305 
395 
360 
205 



213 

223 

104 

110 

123 

124 

60 

66 

1,510 

3,261 

1,600 

5,668 

1,515 

4,579 

381 

341 

373 

159 

261 

1,369 

3,762 

600 

817 

729 

1,089 

1,534 

2,142 

1,640 

1,510 

791 

79 

74 

4 

24 

332 



1,376 
115 
148 
66 
82 
46 
21 

15 



717 
3,438 

433 
1,684 

134 
103 
79 
70 
47 



1,293 

280 

97 



NEW YORK 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



95 



[Data art* hased on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and exolariHlions, see text) 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Fruit -and -nut 
farms 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number. 

AH tenants number. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash Ion ants number. 

Crop- share tenants number . 

Livestock-share tenants number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

All tenants number. 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

All tenants number. 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number. 

Class I number . 

Class II number. 

Class III number . 

Class PV number . 

Class V number . 

Class VI number. 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers : farms reporting, 

number. 
Pick-un balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporti ng . 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors other than garden , farms reporting. 

number. 

1 tractor , farms reporting. 

2 tractors farms reporting. 

3 tractors farms reporting. 

4 tractors farms reporting. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors farms report! ng . 

number. 
Crawler tractors farms reoorting. 

number. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 

Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Sulk-type farms reporting. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms renorting. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 or more miles lo a hard surface road farms reporting. 

1 mile farms reporting. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. 

4 miles farms reporting. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reoorting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting, 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,990 

581 

90 

40 

5 

5 

10 

30 

1,985 
581 
90 



2,694 
194 
380 
600 
665 
680 
175 



178 

178 

98 

98 

236 

237 

92 

92 

2,153 

3,600 

2,563 

6,364 

2,523 

5,728 

880 

835 

472 

167 

169 

2,488 

5,216 

453 

5L2 

604 

636 

2,482 

3,395 

2,634 

2,518 

1,612 

228 

lo3 

21 

20 

518 

2,377 

174 

140 

120 

20 

20 



1,216 

6,723 

801 

1,932 

433 

172 

100 

52 

39 



2,424 
172 
98 



3,047 


22,227 


497 


14,569 


92 


2,127 


45 


1,115 




170 


5 


95 




330 


42 


417 


3,032 


22,177 


497 


14,559 


92 


2,117 


15 


50 




10 




10 


3,693 


39,072 


420 


711 


631 


4,514 


821 


13,358 


760 


13,268 


845 


6,551 


216 


670 


600 


11,949 


611 


12,303 


419 


3,936 


424 


4,009 


581 


28,676 


582 


29,253 


131 


15,319 


131 


16,138 


2,075 


26,176 


2,761 


34,922 


2,818 


37,663 


4,909 


87,955 


2,443 


37,513 


3,801 


82,632 


1,486 


10,000 


683 


15,823 


204 


7,872 


49 


2,581 


21 


1,237 


2,391 


37,427 


3,575 


79,034 


199 


3,383 


226 


3,598 


1,060 


5,162 


1,108 


5,323 


3,297 


35,410 


4,278 


45,067 


3,526 


38,205 


3,560 


35,920 


2,653 


28,631 


360 


37,721 


345 


37,322 


21 


7,024 


73 


2,050 


1,190 


28,519 


2,835 


27,210 


459 


6,882 


328 


4,705 


202 


2,511 


126 


2,194 


61 


1,185 


65 


893 




70 




46 


1,144 


13,596 


2,303 


21,153 


828 


11,123 


1,495 


16,296 


490 


7,899 


216 


2,177 


83 


830 


34 


198 


5 


19 


3,414 


36,662 


150 


1,108 


129 


1,302 



2,036 

651 

96 

36 



5 
55 

2,031 
646 
91 



2,816 
53 
139 
402 
652 
952 
618 



626 
661 
366 
386 

1,301 
1,331 
447 
499 
1,644 
2,343 

2,540 

5,362 

2,500 

4,880 

1,065 

870 

336 

141 

88 

2,452 

4,546 

313 

334 

431 

482 

2,431 

3,106 

2,667 

2,499 

1,811 

1,054 

914 

38 

59 

1,402 

2,090 

425 

276 

128 

148 

96 

42 

5 

5 



529 
990 
417 
729 

264 

100 

40 

6 

7 



2,577 
147 
92 



1,598 

676 

106 

71 

5 

5 

20 

5 

1,598 
676 
106 



2,369 
90 
149 
422 
582 
752 
394 



966 

1,043 

472 

483 

1,059 

1,080 

316 

351 

1,631 

2,587 

2,162 

5,707 

2,132 

5,115 

642 

718 

441 

160 

171 

2,106 

4,776 

283 

339 

521 

592 

2,165 

2,984 

2,272 

2,134 

1,577 

855 

851 

60 

45 

1,149 

1,727 
389 
246 
114 
132 
75 
57 



601 

2,269 

426 

904 

239 
81 
68 

31 
7 



2,179 
109 
101 



96 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanation?, see tevt) 



Total all fanns 



Commercial fanns by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres on which used. . 
tons.. 

Dry materials fanns reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting,. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Corn farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Wheat farms reporting, . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed,. 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to SI, 999 farms reporting. , 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting . . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

S1.0D0 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$5,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms renorting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to 5999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars, . 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to S999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to 52,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to *9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting.. 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms renorting . . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under S10O farms reporting.. 

$100 to $4 99 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



54,363 


43,484 


2,170,633 


2,023,862 


491,720 


462,912 


54,072 


43,278 


486,985 


458,282 


535 


435 


4,735 


4,630 


15,743 


13,729 


353,387 


329,206 


15,713 


13,704 


63,284 


58,585 


60 


45 


316 


294 


3,569 


3,324 


48,846 


46,101 


3,559 


3,314 


8,413 


7,914 


10 


10 


18 


18 


33,019 


29,241 


578,602 


553,226 


32,993 


29,225 


105,483 


100,034 


230 


210 


870 


854 


14,416 


11,112 


226,489 


196,548 


14,355 


11,081 


37,121 


32,203 


141 


101 


300 


267 


2,801 


2,211 


83,201 


81,908 


2,791 


2,201 


90,716 


89,931 


52 


52 


2,246 


2,246 


36,748 


29,991 


880,158 


816,873 


36,657 


29,935 


181,968 


169,615 


182 


137 


985 


951 


24, 140 


21,534 


454,118 


428,944 


924,463 


876,948 


81,374 


56,675 


67,028 


49,536 


174,964,647 


166,626,663 


4,912 


1,166 


22,576 


10,410 


12,107 


11,029 


18,833 


18,372 


8,600 


8,559 


33,562 


25,068 


42,546,079 


39,944,002 


22,715 


14,775 


6,302 


5,921 


2,688 


2,583 


1,279 


1,222 


578 


567 


39,558 


30,567 


8,855,366 


7,721,553 


24,474 


17,188 


14,158 


12,505 


926 


874 


41,931 


36,994 


93,453,472 


89,594,739 


10,989 


7,962 


7,829 


6,707 


5,933 


5,542 


7,395 


7,170 


5,370 


5,258 


2,779 


2,765 


1,067 


1,056 


452 


428 


117 


106 


42,037 


33,541 


17,623,419 


16,835,047 


15,680 


9,442 


20,325 


18,252 


3,268 


3,151 


2,764 


2,696 


78,680 


55,873 


36,903,655 


33,871,663 


17,242 


4,196 


36,174 


27,261 


16,472 


15,806 


8,542 


8,367 


250 


243 



1,580 
160,161 

30,465 

1,550 

30,005 

75 

460 

195 

7,684 

190 

985 

5 

1 

28 

560 

28 

75 



1,217 

44,415 

1,212 

8,254 

60 

352 

1,300 

30,683 

1,290 

4,977 

40 

44 

66 
541 

66 
318 



1,359 

76,278 

1,354 

15,396 

20 

63 

227 

5,695 

12,444 



1,655 

764 

605,517 

160 

421 

96 

72 

15 

461 
290,385 
387 
50 
12 
10 
2 

1,003 

325,809 

406 

559 

38 

825 

1,050,789 

300 

187 

115 

91 

78 

34 

19 

1 

1,030 
554,763 
201 
540 
185 
104 

1,640 
993,028 
140 
781 
430 
286 
3 



812 

87,297 

88,315 

802 

86,025 

48 

2,290 



86 
1,545 

86 
306 



26 
255 
26 
46 



103 
785 
103 
230 



180 
,320 

180 
794 



802 

68,162 

792 

78,093 

47 

2,241 

547 

12,230 

537 

6,556 

12 

49 

210 
8,215 
8,332 



833 
200 
214,620 
26 
121 
22 
11 
20 

119 

49,640 

115 

1 
1 
1 
1 

318 

107,751 

156 

142 

20 

747 

5,432,107 

20 

25 

45 

115 

196 

177 

110 

52 

7 

687 

2,578,805 

35 

67 

39 

546 

818 

1,262,158 

20 

111 

190 

477 

20 



1 


553 


105 


098 


42 


459 


1 


548 


42 


199 




22 




21 1 1 




87 


1 


712 




87 




366 



211 

4,656 

211 

1,070 

11 

8 

358 
8,006 

358 
1,396 



222 
4,687 

222 
3,996 



1,507 

86,037 

1,507 

35,371 

12 

252 

500 
9,576 
15,239 



1,665 

343 

642,257 

100 

175 

27 

32 

9 

176 
269,073 

121 
30 
18 



765 

389,329 

310 

380 

75 

1,350 

8,059,383 

65 

160 

175 

295 

231 

200 

135 

68 

21 

1,339 

1,412,429 

185 

641 

198 

315 

1,655 
1,443,851 
120 
732 
341 
435 
27 



NEW YORK 



97 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Fruit-and-nut 

farms 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND L! 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture 

Dry materi al s 

Liquid materials 

Other pasture (not cropland) 

Dry materials . 

Liquid materials 

Corn 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Wheat 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes 

Dry materi al s 

Liquid materials 

All other crops 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 

Lime or liming materials used during the year 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms 

Feed for livestock and poultry 



Under $10D 

S1O0 to $999 

51,000 to $1,999 . 
52,000 to 54,999 . 
$5,000 or more . . 



Purchase of livestock and poultry , 



Under $1,000 ... . 
$1,000 to $2,499. 
$2,500 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $9,999 . 
$10,000 or more . 



Machine hire . 



Under $200 .... 

$200 to $999 . . , 

$1,000 or more . 

Hired labor 



Under $200 

5200 to S499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to S2, 499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to 519,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 



Under $100 

$100 to $499 

S500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 



arms reporting, 
which used. 

tons, 
arms reporting.. 

tons.. 
arms reporting.. 

tons. 



arms reporting.. 

acres . . 

r arms reporting.. 

tons., 
'arms reporting., 

tons.. 

arms reporting.. 

acres.. 

'arms reporting. . 

tons.. 
arms reporting., 

tons., 

arms reporting. . 

acres., 

arms reporting. . 

tons., 
arms reporting. , 

tons., 

'arms reporting. , 

acres . . 

'arms reporting. . 

tons. , 
arms reporting. , 

tons., 

arms reporting. , 

acres . , 

'arms report) ng . , 

tons. . 
arms reporting. , 

tons.. 

'arms reporting. , 

acres . , 

'arms reporting, , 

tons., 
arms reporting.. 

tons. 

arms reporting.. 

acres limed. , 

tons.. 



Under $100 

$100 to $i 99... 
$500 to $999 . . . 
$1,000 to $1,999 
$5,000 or more , 



reporting. . 
report] ng . . 
dollars. , 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 

reporting. . 
dollars., 
reporting., 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting., 
reporting. , 

reporting., 
dollars.. 

reporting.. 

reporting. . 

reporting. 

reporting, 
dol I ars . 

reporting.. 

reporting. 

reporting.. 

reporting., 

reporting.. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting, 
dollars. 
5 reporting. 
* reporting. 
5 reporting. 
; reporting. 

3 reporting, 
dollars. 
3 reporting. 
a reporting, 
i reporting, 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 



2,269 

122,752 

20,738 

2,234 

20,592 

45 

146 

233 

4,133 

233 

838 



45 
500 
45 
86 



449 

5,175 

449 

1,057 

5 

2 

420 

4,561 

420 

879 

5 

7 

81 
500 

81 
348 



2,133 

107,883 

2,108 

17,384 

35 

137 

621 
10,821 
22,219 



2,679 

879 

851,255 

196 

450 

130 

76 

27 

439 

290,015 

347 

65 

21 

5 

1 

1,331 

628,834 

656 

515 

160 

2,414 
11,675,252 
120 
240 
345 
630 
400 
363 
202 
103 
11 

1,396 
581,009 
405 
710 
157 
124 

2,654 

1,656,562 

250 

1,281 

656 

449 

18 



1,342 
56,066 
9,072 
1,342 
9,022 
10 
50 

181 

4,634 

181 

676 



31 

371 

31 

29 



879 
18,751 
879 
3,433 
10 
50 

670 

10,515 

670 

1,588 



62 

182 

62 

140 



956 

21,613 

956 

3,156 



422 

6,569 

12,715 



3,693 

3,658 

42,128,836 

25 

210 

405 

991 

2,027 

3,138 
6,556,993 

1,712 
782 
328 
202 
114 

1,022 

229,098 

635 

351 

36 

1,963 

4,957,929 

530 

265 

245 

352 

272 

204 

60 

33 

2 

1,179 

264,999 

545 

562 

44 

28 

3,476 

1,428,063 

975 

1,644 

567 

269 

21 



31,321 

1,301,649 

228,921 

31,220 

227, 768 

187 

1,153 

11,966 

284,684 

11,946 

51,022 

40 

293 

3,014 

42,011 

3,004 

7,139 

10 

18 

24,051 

436,206 

24,040 

77,711 

112 

340 

6,336 

106,275 

6,325 

17,285 

46 

200 

661 
3,951 

661 
3,065 



20,005 

428,522 

19,999 

71,546 

26 

302 

17,838 
358,960 
753,000 



39,047 

38,942 

116,204,508 

175 

6,416 

9,515 

16,588 

6,248 

17,927 

26,797,885 

10,354 

4,491 

1,919 

854 

309 

22,966 

5,168,438 

13,245 

9,312 

409 

25,651 

39,484,935 

6,090 

5,175 

4,093 

5,049 

3,505 

1,362 

312 

58 

7 

23,748 

5,856,247 

6,863 

14,284 

2,009 

592 

38,774 

22,465,449 

1,472 

19,465 

12,419 

5,357 

61 



1,753 

65,358 

11,708 

1,753 

11,624 

6 

84 

578 

13,948 

578 

2,503 



95 

1,260 

95 

274 



1,065 

20,677 

1,065 

3,909 

6 

84 

586 
9,556 

586 
1,545 



1,070 

19,877 

1,070 

3,360 



674 
13,992 
24,937 



2,816 

2,578 

3,250,081 

160 

1,496 

530 

283 

109 

1,586 
4,574,865 
776 
341 
222 
128 
119 

1,476 

354,427 

915 

534 

27 

1,331 

2,241,923 

455 

283 

142 

163 

165 

76 

36 

11 

1,300 
282,918 

614 
547 
105 
34 

2,755 

1,134,132 

566 

1,493 
419 
270 



1,862 

112, 191 

26,649 

1,847 

26,509 

25 

140 

348 
9,408 

348 
1,691 



51 
554 

51 
97 



1,191 
21,730 
1,191 
4,187 
5 
17 

1,199 
21,777 
1,189 
3,593 

10 
16 

262 

3,805 

262 

3,910 

5 

5 

1,498 
54,917 

1,493 
13,031 

15 
102 

705 
12,944 
25,032 



2,374 
1,803 
2,452,396 
236 
920 
268 
278 
101 

1,061 
978,209 
835 
141 
61 
11 
13 

1,406 

462,224 

673 

632 

101 

1,395 

3,040,221 

310 

296 

237 

208 

178 

91 

64 

10 

1 

1,435 

614,648 

458 

612 

222 

143 

2,297 

1,277,283 

285 

1,119 
548 
336 



992 

13,290 

4,585 

982 

4,538 

17 

47 

55 

1,458 

55 

198 



34 
590 

34 
168 



75 
831 

75 
183 

1 
1 

63 

855 

63 

146 



25 
40 
25 
28 



916 
9,516 
911 
3,815 
17 
46 

337 
2,172 
3,030 



1,913 
369 
277,193 
88 
201 
36 
41 
3 

161 
136,937 
128 
20 
1 
10 
2 

280 

55,643 

192 

80 

8 

1,318 

13,652,200 

72 

76 

145 

267 

233 

258 

118 

92 

57 

1,427 

4,689,229 

136 

289 

192 

810 

1,804 
2,211,137 
368 
635 
236 
488 
77 



See footnotes at end of table. 



98 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of fami 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 
farms 



Vegetable farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

Aii farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars . . 
Ail crops sold doll are . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars.. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Cows, including heifers trial have calved farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

90 to 49 head ". farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting . . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting. . 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Bom since June t farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . , 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. 

do! I ars . , 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting., 

number. 

dollars. 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. 

pounds . . 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



774,018,298 
9,399 

209,317,353 
74,495,888 
38,647,411 
48,096,781 
48,077,273 

564,700,945 
80,370,901 

408,684,430 

75,645,614 



60,273 
2,075,243 

56,079 
1,253,862 

53,575 
1,206,337 

54,278 
714,089 

38,600 
107,292 



1,642 
5,662 
5,782 
8,690 
24,481 
11,865 
2,137 
14 



5,027 
11,175 
11,618 
12,017 
11,889 
3,379 
563 
4LL 



4,916 

10,012 

11,160 

11,751 

11,613 

3,227 

533 

363 

18,096 
44,573 
15,081 
170,356 
7,853 
95,240 
10,709 
75,116 

4,652 
217,891 

3,645 
86,929 

4,211 
130,962 

4,074 
123,125 

2,969 

7,837 

32,033 

11,801,709 

54,888 

1,024,751 

67,255,003 

4,925 

155,880 

4,832,280 

3,276 

139,672 

1,955,408 

44,983 

9,359,099,833 

408,684,430 

14,707 

16,072,324 

17,976 

135,701,813 

50,209,674 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 
77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 
655,414 
30,693 
87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 

4,342 

10,777 

11,910 

11,868 

3,361 

557 

404 



1,453 

4,144 

10, 590 

11,710 

11,596 

3,210 

527 

356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 

4,936 
71,665 

6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 
10,901,394 

44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



14,282,858 

8,553 

12,388,580 

11,450,326 

821,515 

50,147 

66,592 

1,894,278 

469,201 

661,530 

763,547 



691 

13,066 

576 

4,892 

469 

3,363 



604 
6,007 

420 
2,167 



45 
117 
162 
155 
175 
20 
17 



130 

295 

95 

26 

15 

6 

7 

2 



116 

260 

60 

15 

7 

6 

5 



164 
345 
401 

4,895 
210 

3,005 
281 

1,890 

96 
4,721 

80 
1,655 

86 
3,066 

86 
2,961 

55 
105 

551 
127,160 

524 

5,615 

524,035 

165 

6,235 

193,285 

80 

2,250 

31,500 

213 

17,012,113 

661,530 

316 

53,064 

341 

1,121,830 

415,077 



28,429,519 

34,129 

27,925,935 

25,310,172 

2,152,467 

358,942 

104,354 

503,584 

160,407 

243,110 

100,067 



206 
2,678 

171 
1,348 

144 
1,018 

125 
903 
159 
427 



85 

240 

91 

267 

15 

50 

81 

217 

6 

26 

1 

1 

5 

25 

5 

25 



131 
37,495 

81 
1,118 
96,717 



58 

5,897,560 

243,110 

51 

9,341 

71 

406,122 

150,266 



32,238,835 

19,305 

30,700,636 

3,009,283 

25,479,867 

1,704,262 

507,224 

1,538,199 

790,764 

442,328 

305,107 



268 
5,303 

208 
2,098 

186 
1,580 

201 

2,597 

109 

608 



50 
45 
52 
31 
70 
13 
7 



80 

68 

30 

6 

16 

4 

2 

2 



67 
15 
6 

11 

4 
2 

1 

140 
218 

98 
1,457 

67 
864 

52 
593 

15 
1,250 

15 
320 

15 
930 

15 
915 

10 

15 

"243 
36,865 

211 

2,682 

251,672 

37 

1,220 

37,820 

15 

735 

10,290 

69 

10,136,621 

442,328 

79 
614,910 

93 
472,830 
174,949 



NEW YORK 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



99 



[t)aU are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



JFor definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED V4LUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars. 
AJl crops sold , dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold .. ..dollars. 

Vegetables sold , dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK INDLiVYSTtK-K PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved 
Milk cows 



Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves , 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head , 

2 to 4 head 

5 to 9 head 

10 to 19 head 

20 to 49 head 

50 to99 head 

100 to 499 head 

500 or more head 



5 reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 
arms reporting. 

number. 

arms reporting. 

number. 
arms reporting, 

number . 



'arms reporting. 
'arms reporting. 
'arms reporting. 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting. 
j reporting. 
arms reporting. 



Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

lhead 

2 to 9 head 

10 to 19 head 

20 to 29 head 

30 to 49 head 

50 to 74 head 

75 to 99 head 

100 or more head 



.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
. farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 
.farms reporting. 
. farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 



Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting . , 

2 to 9 head farms reporting., 

10 to 19 head farms reporting . , 

20 to 29 head , farms reporting., 

30 to 49 head farms reporting . , 

50 to 74 head farms reporting., 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting., 

Hotses and/Of mules farms reporting., 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting., 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number., 

Born before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number. 



Sheep and lambs 

Lambs under 1 year old . . . 
Sheep 1 year old and over . 

Ewes 

Rams and wethers 



farms reporting. . 

number.. 
farms reporting. . 

number.. 
.farms reporting.. 

number. . 
farms reporting.. 

number. . 
farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. , 

number. , 
dollars. , 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. , 
dollars . , 

Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting., 

number., 
dollars., 

Milk and cream sold farms reporting., 

pounds. . 
dollars., 

Chickens including broilers sold farms reoorting., 

dollars. , 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens. , 
dollars., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by type of farm— Continued 



Fruit -and -nut 
farms 



41,723,086 

15,487 

39,873,547 

954,687 

1,691,680 

37,017,302 

209,878 

1,849,539 

593,525 

622,430 

633,584 



615 
9,793 

509 
4,287 

373 
2,520 

469 
3,678 

363 
1,828 



70 
146 
100 
125 
146 

21 
7 



135 
221 
90 
30 
21 
5 



130 
155 
50 
15 
21 
1 
1 



288 
568 
191 

2,755 
91 

1,715 
156 

1,040 

56 
2,247 

51 
698 

51 
1,549 

51 
1,343 

41 
206 

492 
112,875 

444 

4,249 

499,425 

106 

3,295 

102,145 

36 

1,611 

22,554 

193 

14,670,178 

622,430 

266 

54,063 

321 

1,453,070 

537,637 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



72,883,370 


473,155,959 


19,736 


12,110 


3,172,504 


25,233,764 


1,891,007 


16,111,688 


401,995 


3,019,902 


747,793 


2,261,102 


131,709 


3,841,072 


69,710,866 


447,922,195 


66,939,702 


6,523,588 


1,659,494 


394,396,359 


1,111,670 


47,002,248 


1,164 


38,898 


16,978 


1,789,970 


980 


38,818 


8,139 


1,146,759 


924 


38,778 


6,624 


1,134,387 


874 


36,913 


7,113 


584,856 


576 


26,292 


1,726 


58,355 


141 


10 


333 


65 


232 


395 


195 


3,750 


201 


21,450 


47 


11,301 


15 


1,920 




7 


300 


70 


428 


1,775 


136 


9,747 


60 


11,519 


26 


11,563 


17 


3,268 


7 


511 


6 


365 


320 


75 


398 


1,820 


101 


9,962 


60 


11,467 


26 


11,419 


16 


3,170 


2 


516 


1 


349 


290 


10,273 


713 


22,323 


411 


6,798 


5,660 


40,499 


188 


3,342 


3,585 


22,558 


326 


4,658 


2,075 


17,941 


179 


1,556 


8,792 


66,143 


154 


1,221 


3,334 


26,788 


143 


1,393 


5,458 


39,355 


128 


1,337 


4,808 


36,834 


117 


946 


650 


2,521 


3,196 


14,867 


8,343,376 


1,714,818 


828 


38,646 


8,453 


858,805 


778,316 


44,993,384 


183 


1,425 


5,400 


33,435 


167,400 


1,036,485 


138 


974 


9,054 


38,867 


126,756 


544,138 


386 


39,072 


38,778,920 


9,017,071,433 


1,659,494 


394,396,359 


3,490 


5,504 


14,074,500 


679,597 


3,165 


7,288 


05,713,400 


15,384,598 


39,113,947 


5,692,303 



Livestock farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



21,629,575 

7,681 

2,766,331 

1,709,669 

192,645 

621,605 

242,412 

18,863,244 

386,966 

2,561,045 

15,915,233 



2,373 
74,441 

1,891 
24,194 

1,414 

9,252 

2,108 
33,458 

1,695 
16,789 



61 
167 
327 
580 
853 
275 
104 
6 



331 

874 

308 

161 

142 

43 

14 

18 



372 
819 
106 
60 
47 
6 



705 
2,491 

833 
61,006 

617 
32,984 

717 
28,022 

404 
49,228 

356 
22,325 

384 
26,903 

374 
25,874 

313 
1,029 

1,028 
95,076 

2,570 

75,661 

13,102,734 

587 

67,080 

2,079,480 

341 

34,522 

483,308 

732 

61,630,552 

2,561,045 

375 

57,400 

549 

810,779 

299, 991 



General farms 



22,282,072 
9,327 

14,374,237 
7,689,910 
3,265,425 
2,709,746 
709,156 
7,907,835 
1,613,583 
3,182,807 

3,111,445 



1,558 
35,733 

1,317 
15,030 

1,147 
10,525 

1,281 

15,568 

945 

5,135 



81 
281 
211 
370 
460 
118 

37 



226 
557 
341 

81 
79 
15 
10 



227 
517 
276 
61 
59 
5 
1 
1 

467 
1,271 

607 
10,009 

339 
6,289 

461 
3,720 

263 
26,903 

232 
12,913 

258 
13,990 

252 
13,363 

207 

627 

1,194 
420,654 

1,342 

18,709 

2,465,785 

314 

8,634 

267,654 

237 

21,777 

304,878 

755 

77,571,876 

3,182,807 

790 

138,391 

880 

3,921,008 

1,450,777 



Miscellaneous 

farms 



41,966,202 

21,823 

41,231,486 

171,949 

210, 605 

84,437 

40,764,495 

734,716 

44,450 

78,710 

611,556 



231 
2,664 
163 
991 
151 
722 

161 

1,234 

134 

439 



43 
76 
56 
31 
16 
5 
4 



67 

72 

5 

16 



63 

67 

5 

16 



225 

2,560 

115 

898 

67 
615 

68 
283 

37 
1,120 

27 
514 

31 
606 

31 
595 

11 

11 

167 

13,075 

130 

1,098 

125,497 

50 

715 

22,165 

31 

584 

8,176 

46 

2,700,853 

78,710 

78 

4,252 

97 

105,940 

39,198 



100 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms, See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total all farms 



Commercial farms by type of farm 



Cash-grain farms 



Other field-crop 

farms 



Vegetable fanns 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Conlinued 
Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

lor 2 litters farms reporting.. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting.. 

30 to 39 litters farms reporting.. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting.. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. . 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting.. 

number of litters. . 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting.. 

number of litters. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels.. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales . . .farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . , 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . , 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . , 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels . 
See footnotes at end of table . 



3,958 

27, 471 

1,758 

1,456 

467 

191 

59 

37 

3,094 

13,231 

2,932 

14,240 



39,157 

648,141 

18,123 

13,476 

5,887 

1,144 

236 

291 

19,218 

232,014 

13,439,425 

5,933 

5,674,976 

16,762 

248,031 

7,493,387 

14,537 
6,793, 111 

39,545 

630,455 

33,731,236 

8,117 

5,636,111 

2,706 

26,372 

795,658 

878 

291,635 

1,334 

16,049 

372,921 

792 

255,906 

1,792 

16,792 

280,733 

952 

199,578 



3,521 
86,748 
883,881 



3,009,405 

30,514 

939,924 

2,119,960 

4,716 

187,204 

42,485 

1,549,590 

2,597,046 

6,404 

223,607 

5,048 

37,688 

67,998 

122 

1,205 

12,329 

332,506 

487,719 

1,855 

52,847 

8,947 
149,697 
972,449 

994 
12,280 
20,639 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



33,983 

616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 



2,855 

81,034 

836,491 



25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 

32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 

4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 

8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 
10,900 
18,339 



125 

1,015 

45 

45 

25 

5 

5 

85 
515 
110 
500 



1,277 

45,125 

370 

367 

317 

102 

30 

91 

1,202 

42,263 

2,647,995 

1,028 

2,307,990 

1,422 

33,045 

1,109,755 

1,407 

1,057,129 

1,303 

32,121 

1,867,666 

1,120 

1,444,426 

303 

4,205 

116,345 

273 
104,035 

170 
2,155 
58,585 

145 
51,535 

140 

1,735 

25,080 

115 
21,105 



879 

33,491 

373,567 



38,039 

818 
19,895 
41,560 

503 
23,550 

657 
15,604 
25,920 

347 
15,685 



72 
2,270 
3,670 

30 
1,475 

25 

235 
720 

165 
2,925 

4,690 



119 

855 

95 

16 



406 

22,445 

26 

10,500 

264 

4,976 

133,936 

213 

119,376 

182 

4,989 

304,387 

146 
256,747 

11 
25 
675 



270 
5,138 

107,403 

178 

69,417 

7 

160 

1,568 

2 
748 



25 

370 

4,935 



68 

870 

2,275 

20 
300 

164 

4,416 

7,153 

51 

2,775 

10 
40 
65 
5 
25 

17 

165 

163 

2 

68 

10 
120 
850 

18 

650 

1,665 



26 

187 

10 

5 

10 

1 



21 
95 

16 
92 



239 

4,970 

137 

51 

26 

8 

3 

14 

217 

3,502 

182,660 

111 

112,975 

409 

8,619 

275,389 

378 
257,072 

253 

3,567 

202,503 

142 

98,583 

40 

1,530 

35,130 

29 

29,180 

114 

1,685 

37,489 

76 

29,315 

10 

115 

1,100 

5 

875 



90 
4,194 
41,550 



6,944 

150 

3,118 

6,652 

37 

995 

209 
3,240 
5,179 

75 
1,400 

10 
110 
220 
5 
200 

26 
450 
765 

15 
300 



26 

102 

16 
365 
450 



NEW YORK 101 

State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
;For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by type of farm — Continued 



Fruit-and-nut 
farms 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



Livestock farms 

other than poultry 

and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



LI\"ESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters (arrowed December 1, 1958, to 

November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters.. 



1 or 2 litters 

3 to 9 litters 

10 to 19 inters 

30 to 39 litters 

40 to 69 litters .. .. 

70 or more litters . . 

June 2 to November 30 



arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

arms reporting. 

'"Urns reporting, 
number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of liUers. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres . 



Under 11 acres . . . 

11 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres. .. . 

50 to 74 acres 

75 to 99 acres .... 

100 or more acres . 

Harvested for grain . . . 



.farms 
.farms 
.farms 
. farms 
.farms 
.farms 
.farms 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
acres. 

bushels, 
reporting. 

bushels. 



Wheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting . 

bushels . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels . 

Sales farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres. 
100-lb. bags. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons . 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons . 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . 

acres . 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting . 

acres . 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 
bushels . 

See footnotes at end of table . 



71 

457 

25 

35 

6 

5 



51 

274 

51 

183 



464 

5,310 

300 

115 

36 

13 



398 

3,808 

209,770 

176 
108,960 

501 

5,356 

154,394 

436 

143,014 

416 

4,106 

213,735 

168 

76,475 

32 

220 

4,485 

11 
2,850 

97 

808 

19,560 

47 
13,775 



50 

625 

7,610 



18,229 

371 

7,115 

17,556 

137 
5,171 

468 
8,695 
15,807 

120 
3,525 

15 

95 

145 

5 

5 

99 
■1,549 
2,301 

16 
895 

32 

775 

3,400 



109 
,085 
37 
31 
26 
10 
5 

87 
480 

89 
605 



998 

20,009 

438 

295 

181 

56 

11 

17 

880 

17,157 

945,390 

356 

374,935 

855 
12,865 
361,776 

663 
294,272 

979 

15,607 

784,129 

376 

256,930 

151 

1,440 

39,375 

51 

16,130 

45 

794 

26,500 

14 

9,540 

75 

970 

18,590 

35 
11,810 



80 
2,995 
20,260 



34,417 

563 
10,949 
24,416 

200 
5,465 

909 

16,783 

24,855 

294 

7,310 



20 
105 

195 



299 
5,819 
7,718 

102 
3,760 



761 
4,462 

40 
490 
960 



1,326 
5,613 
700 
485 
112 
28 

1 
987 

2,864 
971 

2,749 



28,306 

494,348 

11,012 

11,255 

4,890 

872 

154 

123 

10,550 

112,520 

6,500,840 

2,207 

1,640,355 

7,005 

110,735 

3,361,387 

5,887 

3,031,689 

26,896 

472,728 

25,540,695 

2,439 

1,683,585 

1,335 

11,310 

380,620 

235 

73,305 

262 

1,937 

46,230 

121 

26,270 

720 

5,807 

98,320 

302 
58,065 



1,193 

26,510 

250, 670 



21,296 

760,939 

1,747,803 

1,288 

58,526 

26,898 

1,201,723 

2,075,586 

1,349 

60,444 

4,156 

32,706 

61,050 

36 

380 

7,434 

239,859 

375,435 

275 

12,663 

8,348 
139,838 
913,303 

424 
4,405 
7,179 



555 

10,679 

100 

151 

117 

115 

41 

31 

490 

4,782 

495 

5,897 



1,219 

22,402 

631 

337 

159 

43 

26 

23 

802 

13,790 

861,665 

183 

166,050 

723 
10,897 
339,880 

647 
309,757 

1,449 

20,029 

1,051,106 

379 

211,145 

215 

2,614 

89,068 

50 

10,275 

35 

730 

14,675 

20 
11,520 

51 

645 

10,725 

15 

7,850 



93 
1,509 
15,529 



1,158 

33,582 

67,565 

266 

8,370 

1,516 
52,017 
84,672 
340 
13,750 

125 

1,431 

1,970 

16 

125 

378 

10,860 

16,250 

90 

3,110 

169 
3,113 
21,432 



35 
340 
480 



244 

1,943 

55 

102 
75 
12 



213 

919 

209 

1,024 



1,276 

22,290 

565 

471 

186 

27 

11 

16 

1,146 

16,773 

967,249 

607 

492,631 

1,379 

24,277 

754,315 

1,303 
688,615 

1,522 

25,159 

1,479,273 

842 

681,175 

173 

1,937 

55,560 



123 

1,545 

33,265 

88 

22,780 

63 

895 

17,935 

58 

17,170 



430 

11,210 

121,280 



96,895 

1,301 

39,297 

96, 546 

769 

53,076 

1,275 

48,368 

92,605 

724 

56,454 

21 

105 

145 

5 

60 

274 
7,687 
14,421 

152 
9,520 

81 
1,438 
8,535 

116 
1,660 
2,820 



21 

111 

6 

10 

5 



15 
55 
21 
56 



85 
961 
65 
17 



2 

48 

516 

27,596 

12 

14,675 

84 

985 

27,253 

79 
25,892 

112 

1,797 

101,835 

49 

24,880 

11 
66 

1,875 
10 

1,600 

17 

108 

2,129 

7 

764 

1 
15 
225 



15 

130 

1,090 

7,854 

83 
3,042 
5,822 

30 
1,225 

178 

3,935 

5,410 

45 

1,268 



57 
802 
813 

11 
365 

1 

75 

300 



102 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 





Total all farms 


Commercial farms by type of farm 


Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Total 


Cash-grain farms 


Other field-crop 
farms 


Vegetable farms 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 


8,884 5,739 

85,132 83,414 

16,268,245 16,068,862 

8,276 5,857 

38,647,411 37,236,101 

2,594 1,426 

3,244 2,778 

7,797,522 7,208,632 

10,352 6,626 
180,893 162,076 
1 


161 
571 

103,315 
263 

821,515 

35 

7 
2, 665 j 

126 
876 


833 

68,558 

13,553,919 

447 

2,152,467 

165 

265 

751,231 

33 
336 




acres 2 . - 
hundredweight — 


4,901 

954,405 

1,670 

25,479,867 

181 

790 

2,189,241 

245 
3,605 


acres — 
quarts . . . 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves, vineyards, and 

acres . . . 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



NEW YORK 



103 



State Table 19.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanntions, see text) 



Canmercial faims by type of farm — Continued 



Fruit-and-nut 
fauns 



Poultry farms 



Dairy farms 



Livestock. farms 
other than poultry 
and dairy farms 



General farms 



Miscellaneous 
farms 



SPECIFIED CROPS RAKVESTED-Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting... 

acres . . 
hundredweight — 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

Sales dollars . . . 

Strawberries farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
quarts . . . 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 



171 

517 

82,700 

526 

1,691,680 

340 

1,258 

3,425,865 



2,628 

126,606 



313 

324 

54,683 

327 

401,995 

135 

90 

139,690 



384 
3,926 



3,234 
4,526 

688,670 

1,575 

3,019,902 

357 

139 

163,035 



2,137 
12,385 



220 

75 

7,680 

124 

192,645 

40 

19 

14,700 



323 
2,995 



434 

3,877 

617,086 

782 

3,265,425 

141 

157 

461,520 



643 

10,800 



107 

65 

6,404 

143 

210,605 

32 
53 

60,685 



107 
547 



104 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959 

Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



70 to 99 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AMD VALUE 

Farms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average si ze of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres ^arms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Wordland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 

Improved pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number 

Under 25 years number 

25 to 34 years number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years number 

55 to f)4 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting, 

1 to 99 days operators reporting, 

100 to 199 days operators reporting, 

900 or more days operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operator? reporting. 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



82,354 
100.0 

13,526,411 
100.0 
164.2 



23,333 
145.10 



75,961 

5,153,941 

9,316 

7,295 

6,775 

12,995 

22,912 

13,564 

2,903 

181 

20 

,, 36,718 

1,290,784 

25,992 

766,909 

5,768 

153,847 
22,374 
613,062 

25,254 

939,382 

45,614 

2,059,601 

41,986 

2,413,854 

10,305 

241,011 



2,020 
64,472 



5,229 

141,990 

3,457 
91,629 

3,030 

121,669 

1,227 

55,334 



81,681 
1,233 
8,895 
18,259 
20,829 
18,190 
14,275 

50.8 



36,687 
9,708 
4,389 

22,590 

11,161 
17,392 
22,477 



45, 667 
8,626 

18,072 



4,850 
5.9 

19,178 

0.1 
4.0 



21,832 
5,470.09 



2,484 
6,853 
2,484 



370 

895 

461 

1,187 

70 

140 

396 

1,047 

20 

30 

190 

500 

290 

930 

35 

90 

311 
687 



135 
305 



4,796 

60 

466 

898 

1,184 

1,132 

1,056 



2,423 

315 

190 

1,918 

741 

1,147 

2,005 



2,427 
395 

1,237 



12,569 
15.3 

347, 351 
2.6 
27.6 



17,574 
632.91 



10,487 
137,957 
4,489 
3,566 
1,606 
826 



3,404 
32,210 

4,308 
46,405 



6,273 

3,820 

40,132 

1,001 

8,974 

3,806 

34,653 

3,244 

33,334 

295 

1,665 

505 
6,165 



602 
6,200 

155 
850 

35 
305 

75 
605 



12,480 
130 
1,093 
2,639 
2,900 
2,798 
2,920 

52.9 



7,772 
960 

655 
6,157 

2,391 

3,732 
6,417 

4,797 
1,095 
2,894 



6,182 
7.5 

361,022 
2.7 
58.4 



16,037 
274.47 



5,746 
142,773 

855 
1,262 
1,596 
1,646 

387 



2,277 
32,677 

2,485 
46,528 

486 
8,265 
2,189 
38,263 

1,070 
14,085 

3,124 
44,361 

2,315 

42,745 

305 

2,595 

183 
4,646 



370 
6,715 

140 
1,685 

40 
775 

45 
525 



6,141 
50 
576 
1,251 
1,400 
1,344 
1,520 

53.2 



3,566 
460 
435 

2,671 

1,051 
1,696 
2,786 



2,616 

601 

1,566 



8,643 
10.5 

726,765 

5.4 

84.1 



17,684 
210.56 



8,224 
295,441 
643 
1,015 
1,467 
3,031 
2,068 



3,672 
73,535 

3,081 
73,133 

583 

11,220 

2,714 

61,913 

2,142 
35,063 

4,764 
88,632 

4,006 

99,730 

541 

6,645 

181 
6,015 



496 
9,288 

245 

4,050 

160 

4,495 

115 

5,145 



8,602 
165 
695 
1,714 
2,038 
2,118 
1,872 

52.8 



4,567 
861 
525 

3,181 

1,511 
2,066 
3,201 



4,076 

706 

1,965 



12,234 
14.9 

1,430,851 
10.6 
117.0 



18,404 
157.58 



11,786 

583,435 

416 

761 

1,156 

3,701 

5,429 

323 



6,000 
148,317 

4,119 
108,653 

970 

20,030 

3,549 

88,623 

4,021 

87,170 

7,357 

184,452 

6,632 

224,646 

1,352 

16,681 



238 
7,583 



771 
17,688 

475 
6,930 

385 

9,380 

160 

5,120 



12,123 
205 
1,201 
2,400 
3,140 
2,860 
2,317 

51.7 



5,630 

1,563 

710 

3,357 

1,780 

2,618 

3,436 



6,604 
1,352 
2,688 



NEW YORK 



105 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Size of farm-Continued 



HO to 179 acres 



180 to 219 acres 



220 to 259 acres 



500 to 999 acres 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres and over 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number.. 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Land in lafms acres . . 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dol lars . . 

Average per acre , dollars.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 acres (arms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acrea farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres .farms reporting. . 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting.. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) .farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Improved pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cropland used for grain or row 
crops fanned on the contour farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age number.. 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 years number. . 

35 to 44 years number . . 

45 to 54 years number. . 

55 to 64 years number . . 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER tNCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting. . 

Operators not working off their farms or not reporting 

as to work off their farms operators reporting. . 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm operated , , operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting. , 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,693 

11.8 

1,530,469 
11.3 
157.9 



20,582 
130.41 



9,426 

615,410 

250 

356 

450 

1,826 

5,157 

1,387 



5,086 

159,055 

2,799 

84,179 

635 

14,010 

2,439 

70,169 

3,860 
108,030 

6,135 
197,413 

5,877 

266,622 

1,370 

22,770 

121 
5,540 



625 
17,920 

420 
8,805 

435 

12,755 

145 

7,135 



9,592 
175 
1,086 
2,321 
2,478 
2,112 
1,420 

49.8 



3,879 

1,215 

661 

2,003 

1,105 

1,784 

2,003 



7,564 
9.2 

1,496,633 
11.1 
197.9 



23,359 
118.22 



7,446 

607,781 

70 

185 

220 

885 

3,866 

2,215 

5 



4,072 

149,654 

2,182 

70,047 

486 
12,155 
1,886 
57,892 

3,246 
112,202 

4,934 
186,986 

5,051 

287,962 

1,320 

24,300 

95 
5,573 



496 

10,765 

421 
13,579 

415 

14,160 

156 

5,409 



7,514 

140 

966 

1,712 

2,057 

1,677 

962 

49.2 



2,585 

1,170 

315 

1,100 

845 

1,125 

900 



5,814 
1,035 
1,966 



4,979 

912 

1,544 



5,629 



1,344,012 

9.9 

238.8 



25,704 
107.68 



5,528 

526,800 

35 

56 

85 

516 

2,505 

2,225 

106 



3,052 

124,195 

1,630 

60,154 

396 

13,000 

1,319 

47,154 

2,681 
105,045 

3,877 
175,369 

3,961 

283,075 

1,240 

26,165 

56 
4,765 



360 
9,080 

385 
8,200 

360 

12,515 

90 

4,145 



5,576 
65 

745 
1,436 
1,602 
1,061 

667 

48.6 



1,795 
840 
225 
730 

515 

845 

555 



3,834 

711 

1,117 



12,227 
14.8 

4,183,313 
30.9 
342.1 



32,861 
96. a 



12,111 

1,568,277 

60 

71 

171 

505 

3,266 

6,383 

1,655 



7,210 
397,054 

3,830 
181,167 

991 

33,976 

3,248 

147,191 

5,922 
317,330 

9,139 
647,719 

8,705 

827,367 

3,082 

90,202 

202 

13,940 



979 
27,393 

960 
32,630 

952 
49,655 

346 
19,266 



12,152 
225 
1,770 
3,169 
3,334 
2,450 
1,204 

47.6 



3,804 

2,013 

580 

1,211 

1,035 

1,962 

1,025 



8,423 
1,547 
2,389 



2,417 
2.9 

1,548,292 
11.4 
640.6 



65,826 
103.46 



2,391 

526,757 

10 

20 

20 

50 

215 

975 

1,008 

93 



1,371 

130,090 

942 

68,190 

371 
25,502 

698 
42,688 

1,157 
124,787 

1,997 
323,679 

1,674 

265,763 

672 

36,285 

100 
6,802 



321 
21,733 

213 
10,470 

212 

13,530 

75 

5,340 



2,374 
15 
266 
636 
612 
560 
285 

49.3 



591 

280 

79 

232 

172 

362 

127 



1,826 
240 
596 



294 
0.4 

380,886 

2.8 

1,295.5 



143,644 
112.48 



287 

118,738 

4 

2 

4 

4 

14 

48 

118 

80 

13 

174 
34,871 

130 
22, 109 

61 

7,687 

98 

14,422 

114 
18,749 

245 
99,615 

198 

59,447 

81 

7,465 

25 
2,381 



65 

10,060 

28 
3,476 

35 
4,069 

13 
2,174 



283 
2 
27 
76 
69 
65 
44 



226 
27 
90 



106 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

("Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see texl) 



Under 10 acres 



100 to 139 acre9 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All (arm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number. . 

\1I tenants number.. 

Cash tenants number. . 

Share-cash tenants number. . 

Crop-share tenants number. . 

Livestock-share tenants number.. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number.. 

\ll tenants number. . 

Son white farm operators: 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . . 

All tenants number.. 

FARMS 3Y TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number. . 

Tobacco farms number . . 

Cotton farms number . . 

Other field-crop farms number . . 

Vegetable farms number. . 

Fniit^and-nut farms number. . 

Poultry farms number . . 

Dairy farms nurvber.. 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number . , 

General farms number. . 

Miscellaneous farms number . . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number. . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporti ng . . 

T tractors farms reporti ng . . 

4 tractors firms reporting . . 

5 or more tractors farms reporti ng . . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Garden tractors farms renorting.. 

number. , 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number, . 

Vutomobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

El ectric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Bulk-type /arms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reoorting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or rnore miles to a hard surface road farms reoorting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms renorting. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

1 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. , 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. , 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting,, 

Operators not reporting residence number., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



57,078 

20,832 

- 3,904 

1,979 

225 

230 

390 

1,080 

56,893 

20,812 

3,889 

185 
20 
15 



833 
1,670 
2,694 
3,693 
39,072 
2,816 
2,389 
1,923 



18,028 
18,702 
6,631 
6,819 
36,039 
36,724 
17,109 
18,094 
47,459 
66,486 

72,959 
155,544 

70,176 

138,670 

29,698 

23,567 

10,844 

3,698 

2,369 

69,411 

131,149 

6,719 

7,521 

15,373 

16,874 

73,122 
93,150 
78, 513 
74,191 
53,881 
45,049 
43.690 
7,271 
2,46*5 
37,270 

59,338 
12,403 
9,741 
5,353 
4,388 
2,424 
1,738 
110 
116 



20,544 
46,679 
15,849 
28,984 

10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 



75,236 
3,895 
3,223 



4,211 


10,674 


178 


1,367 


416 


457 


205 


231 


5 


10 


55 


20 


151 


196 


4,196 


10,589 


178 


1,362 


411 


457 


15 


85 




5 


5 







150 


165 


670 


45 


720 


705 


1,116 


56 


682 


40 


305 


15 


125 


1,019 


423 


5 


460 


5 


465 


15 


160 


15 


160 


25 


530 


25 


540 


25 


105 


25 


125 


1,746 


5,237 


2,112 


6,614 


2,867 


9,867 


4,011 


15,376 


1,708 


8,917 


1,890 


11,591 


1,576 


6,971 


107 


1,473 


15 


328 


5 


80 


5 


65 


1,593 


8,655 


1,725 


10,705 


155 


786 


165 


886 


1,843 


3,355 


2,121 


3,785 


3,907 


11,006 


4,611 


13,368 


4,245 


11,676 


4,380 


U,187 


2,251 


6,971 


101 


1,272 


9] 


1,217 


26 


56 


15 


25 


162 


1,032 


4,257 


10,117 


273 


1,149 


222 


1,122 


146 


787 


76 


335 


46 


205 


25 


110 




10 


5 


10 


804 


1,357 


2,412 


3,496 


573 


822 


1,479 


1,832 


232 


463 


175 


208 


106 


87 


42 


41 


18 


23 


4,049 


11,252 


525 


720 


276 


597 



5,140 
806 
225 
115 

20 



5,135 
806 
225 



6,907 

1,375 

331 

166 

30 

10 

5 

120 

6,892 

1,375 

331 



85 


125 


170 


145 


425 


410 


352 


417 


995 


2,870 


210 


355 


205 


290 


89 


65 


585 


1,300 


595 


1,345 


200 


385 


200 


395 


811 


2,647 


811 


2,667 


175 


625 


195 


655 


2,775 


4,077 


3,453 


5,052 


5,315 


7,591 


8,634 


12,914 


5,140 


7,441 


7,284 


11,379 


3,508 


4,431 


1,269 


2,288 


292 


586 


35 


86 


36 


50 


5,074 


7,359 


6,893 


10,930 


319 


384 


391 


449 


1,196 


1,465 


1,350 


1,535 


5,275 


7,547 


6,455 


9,211 


5,701 


8,147 


5,316 


7,692 


3,386 


5,263 


1,565 


3,937 


175*5 


3.827 


40 


161 


25 


81 


1,067 


2,718 


4,600 


6,204 


867 


1,227 


666 


1,116 


450 


716 


216 


400 


136 


210 


75 


160 


5 


10 




20 


636 


1,120 


1,769 


2,354 


356 


680 


704 


1,032 


251 


510 


48 


117 


26 


38 


28 


12 


3 


3 


5,563 


7,859 


329 


389 


290 


395 



NEW YORK 



107 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

lluui are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farm operators 

Full owners number... 

Part owners number... 

All tenants number... 

Cash tenants number. . , 

Share-cash tenants number. .. 

Crop-share tenants number. .. 

Livestock-share tenants number. ., 

Other and unspecified tenants number. ., 

White farm operators: 

Full owners number... 

Part owners number . . . 

All tenants number... 

Nonwhite farm operators: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number. . 

All tenants number.. 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Cash-grain farms number.. 

Tobacco farms number . . 

Cotton farms number.. 

Other field-crop farms number. . 

Vegetable farms number. . 

Fruit-and-nut farms number. . 

Poultry farms number . . , 

Dairy farms number. . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number.. 

General farms number.. 

Miscellaneous farms number. . 

SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

a number.. 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number. . 

1 tractor farms reporting. . 

2 tractors farms reporting.. 

3 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Automobiles and'or motortrucks farms reporting.. 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Bulk-type /arms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Fafms by kind of toad on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting. . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. , 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

J or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5to9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Sire of farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



6,450 

2,701 

495 

265 

25 

20 

75 

110 

6,415 

2,701 

485 



75 

77 

250 

238 

6,225 

395 

380 

36 



2,585 
2,655 
835 
850 
5,550 
5,565 
2,230 
2,315 
5,852 
7,584 

8,972 

18,659 

8,870 

17,098 

3,221 

3,747 

1,455 

317 

130 

8,829 

16,318 

707 

780 

1,460 

1,561 

8,648 

10,464 

9,318 

8,648 

6,572 

7,120 

6,935 

905 

235 

5,569 

6,555 

1,732 

1,280 

620 

660 

330 

305 

15 

10 



2,224 
4,187 
1,628 
2,628 

1,326 

186 

56 

38 

22 



9,017 
348 
328 



180 to 219 acres 



4,503 

2,574 

440 

210 

35 

35 

60 

100 

4,498 

2,574 

440 



50 
68 
155 
153 
,550 
290 
215 
48 



2,165 
2,230 
861 
887 
5,100 
5,205 
2,360 
2,495 
5,079 
6,686 

7,249 

16,472 

7,224 

15,300 

1,953 

3,255 

1,460 

407 

149 

7,208 

14,684 

578 

616 

1,044 

1,172 

6,864 

8,690 

7,394 

6,904 

5,291 

6,010 

5,875 

980 

295 

5,217 

5,076 

1,451 

972 

495 

477 

266 

191 

10 

10 



2,239 
4,792 
1,764 
2,639 

1,345 

297 

81 

16 

25 



7,077 
262 
225 



2-30 to 2f>9 acres 



3,157 

2,236 

225 

115 

20 

10 

35 

45 

3,147 

2,221 

225 

10 
15 



55 
35 
73 
76 
4,530 
190 
140 
50 



1,836 

1,881 
690 
705 
4,176 
4,231 
2,080 
2,150 
3,888 
5,258 

5,451 

13,066 

5,431 

12,277 

1,145 

2,501 

1,272 

346 

167 

5,401 

11,651 

594 

626 

773 

789 

5,155 
6,694 
5,494 
5,118 
4,257 
4,815 
4,660 
895 
250 
4,018 

3,827 

1,088 

680 

270 

410 

220 

180 

5 

5 



2,073 
3,559 
1,693 
2,350 

1,247 

350 

71 

18 
7 



5,228 
225 
176 



2fiO to 499 acres 



5,952 
5,653 
535 
285 
45 
20 
95 
90 

5,952 

5,653 

535 



84 
103 
145 
178 
9,961 
376 
446 

88 



5,180 
5,385 
1,914 
1,959 
9,644 
9,829 
6,111 
6,441 
9,600 
14,773 

11,837 

33,670 

11,792 

31,678 

1,519 

4,407 

3,544 

1,516 

806 

11,757 

29,993 

1,552 

1,685 

1,888 

1,992 

11,341 

15,918 

12,011 

11,311 

9,716 

10,638 

10,248 

2,791 

878 

9,728 

8,190 

2,267 

1,691 

851 

840 

485 

310 

25 

20 



5,994 

11,614 

5,029 

8,259 

3,310 

1,135 

444 

102 

38 



11,464 
418 
345 



971 
1,234 

130 
50 
20 
10 
20 
30 

971 

1,234 

130 



56 
46 

43 
49 
1,888 
85 
66 
14 



1,331 
1,488 
541 
575 
2,052 
2,237 
1,496 
1,663 
2,132 
5,028 

2,356 

9,676 

2,346 

9,222 

120 

391 

607 

543 

685 

2,331 

8,334 

765 

888 

407 

454 

2,256 
3,930 
2,372 
2,312 
2,030 
2,010 
1,950 
771 
426 
2,027 

1,685 

419 

284 

125 

159 

78 

71 

5 

5 



1,740 
6,165 
1,553 
4,296 

518 
456 
394 
142 
43 



2,233 
142 
42 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



111 

140 

9 

7 



111 

140 
9 



3 

161 



170 
201 
93 
116 
227 
296 
191 
248 
281 
1,004 

287 

1,747 

287 

1,687 

14 

22 

42 

53 

156 

281 

1,475 

150 

212 

53 

60 

261 
604 
292 
283 
241 
199 
192 
77 
39 
242 

204 
50 
31 
13 
18 
6 
12 



245 
1,611 

231 
1,346 

47 
29 
71 
57 
27 



245 
32 

17 



3 
3 

3 
17 

7 
5 

5 



25 
31 
12 
17 
34 
50 
24 
40 
44 
251 

49 

418 

49 

395 

7 

4 

6 

8 

24 

47 

344 

32 

51 

13 

23 

45 
101 
50 
52 
37 
25 
23 
4 
11 
36 

36 

7 



41 
648 

40 
227 

10 
5 
6 

12 
7 



43 

4 
5 



108 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texlj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



10 In 49 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

mpterials used during the year. farms reporting.. 

acres on which used.. 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials .farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Corn /arms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Wheat /arms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes .farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed., 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures Farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $1,999 farms reporting.. 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $1,000 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms reporting.. 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$103 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$503 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



54,363 

2,170,683 

491,720 

34,072 

486,985 

535 

4,735 

15,743 

353,387 

15,713 

63,284 

60 

316 

3,569 

48,846 

3,559 

8,413 

10 
18 

33,019 

578,602 
32,993 

105,483 
230 
870 

14,416 

226,489 

14,355 

37,121 

141 
300 

2,801 

83,201 
2,791 

90,716 

52 

2,246 

36,748 

880,158 
36, 657 

181,968 
182 
985 

24,140 
454,118 
924,463 



81,374 

67,028 

174,964,647 

4,912 
22,576 
12,107 
18,833 

8,600 

33,562 

42,546,079 

22,715 

6,302 

2,688 

1,279 

578 

39,558 

8,855,366 

24,474 

14,158 

926 

41,931 

93,453,472 

10,989 

7,829 

5,933 

7,395 

5,370 

2,779 

1,067 

452 

117 

42,037 

17,623,419 

15,680 

20,325 

3,268 

2,764 



78,680 
36,903,655 
17,242 
36,174 
16,472 
8,542 
250 



1,555 
4,344 
2,412 
1,548 
2,399 
25 
13 

40 
115 
40 
48 



60 

145 

60 

35 



1,398 
3,889 
1,388 
2,239 
25 
13 

342 
734 
746 



4,700 

2,456 

7,613,340 

240 

1,215 

250 

335 

416 

1,670 

1,143,740 

1,390 

146 

85 

38 

11 

706 

78,555 

565 

135 

6 

1,625 

5,994,910 

340 

240 

240 

260 

193 

205 

98 

36 

13 

2,043 
2,347,425 
825 
480 
175 
563 



4,105 

1,497,085 

2,270 

1,163 

261 

375 

36 



5,957 

67,326 

25,188 

5,917 

24,862 

50 

326 

775 

5,775 

775 

1,550 



120 
870 
120 
177 



1,710 
8,200 
1,705 
1,689 
10 
8 

1,350 

10,010 

1,335 

1,733 

20 

11 

455 
4,475 

450 

5,119 

5 

265 

4,072 
37,996 
4,047 
14,594 
30 
42 

1,248 
8,602 
12,302 



12,244 

7,825 

17,755,782 

1,335 

4,542 

670 

565 

713 

4,247 

3,133,615 

3,577 

401 

136 

87 

46 

4,624 

680,650 

3,722 

826 

76 

4,054 

7,678,166 

1,396 

721 

510 

697 

399 

240 

45 

27 

19 

4,747 

1,768,447 

2,930 

1,365 

140 
312 

11,517 

2,488,633 

6,181 

4,395 

586 

330 

25 



3,571 

65,595 

18,610 

3,541 

18, 567 

35 

43 

715 
7,060 
715 
1,457 
15 
13 

115 
825 

115 
161 



1,570 
11,285 
1,565 
2,080 
5 
3 

1,240 

10,455 

1,235 

1,757 

10 

11 

215 
4,670 

215 
6,159 



2,311 

31,300 

2,301 

6,953 

10 

16 

901 

8,050 

16,350 



6,087 

4,397 

5,297,185 

785 

2,360 

665 

435 

152 

2,262 

1,405,595 

1,910 

250 

40 

53 

9 

2,862 

482,740 

2,070 

767 

25 

2,077 

3,140,945 

940 

375 

200 

226 

201 

86 

38 



2,675 

1,001,388 

1,635 

836 

70 

134 



5,767 

1,340,635 

2,301 

2,870 

423 

165 



5,396 

120,403 

30,798 

5,368 

30,670 

35 

128 

1,141 
14,885 
1,141 
2,799 



225 

2,175 

225 

396 



2,890 

26,995 

2,885 

5,422 

10 

21 

1,765 

18,645 

1,745 

3,005 

20 

24 

350 

7,440 

350 

8,500 

5 

50 

3,552 

50,263 
3,537 

10,548 
15 
33 

1,722 
18,125 
31,604 



8,528 

6,673 

10,394,790 

760 
3,231 
1,205 
1,165 

312 

3,217 

2,400,935 

2,550 

451 

146 

52 

18 

4,463 

881, 330 

2,921 

1,462 

80 

3,513 

4,006,407 

1,491 

795 

355 

435 

226 

172 

28 

9 

2 

4,026 

994,440 

2,141 

1,611 

140 

134 

8,183 

2,271,768 

2,105 

5,013 

817 

242 

6 



NEW YORK 



109 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of famis. See toxlj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Size of farm— Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



ISO to 219 acres 



500 to 999 acres 



3,000 acres and over 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 



Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 
materials used during the year 



Dry materials . . . 
Liquid materials. 



Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture . 



Dry materials , . . 
Liquid materials . 



arms reporting. . 
on which used.. 

tons., 
arms reporting. 

tons.. 
arms reporting. 

tons.. 

i reporting. 

acres. 

arms reporting. 

tons.. 

i reporting.. 

tons,. 

arms rerorting., 
acres . . 
arms reporting, 
tons., 
arms reporting., 
tons. 

Com /arms reporting. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons., 
arms reporting., 
tons.. 



Other pasture (not cropland). 

Dry materials 

Liquid materials 



Liquid materials . 

Wheat 

Dry materials . . . 



Liquid materials 

Irish potatoes. 
Dry materials 
Liquid materials.. 



All other crops .... 
Dry materials . .. 
Liquid materials . 



Lime or liming materials used during the year . 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

Under $100 

$100 to S999 

$1,000 to $1,999 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

Purchase of livestock and poultry 

Under $1,000 

$1,000 to 52,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 

Machine hire 

Under $200 

$900 to $999 

S1.000 or more 

Hired labor 

Under S200 

$200 toS499 

$500 to $999 

S1.000 to $2,499 

S2, 500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 or more 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil for the farm business 

Under $100 

$100 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



arms reporting, 
acres. 
'arms reporting. . 
tons.. 
I reporting., 
tons.. 

arms reporting. . 
acres.. 
arms reporting., 
tons . . 
arms reporting., 
tons., 

arms reporting. , 
acres . 
arms reporting., 
tons., 
arms reporting., 
tons. 

arms reporting.. 

acres limed . . 

tons.. 



arms reporting, 
arms reporting. , 
dollars., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting.. 

arms reporting. , 
dollars., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. 

arms reporting, 
dollars, 
arms reporting, 
'arms reporting, 
arms reporting. 

reporting, 
dollars., 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporti ng . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



s reporting, 
dollars. 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
s reporti ng . 

s reporting, 
dollars. 
3 reporting, 
s reporting, 
s reporting. 
s reporting. 
3 reporting. 



6,908 

235,511 

53,536 

6,868 

53,270 

95 

266 

2,201 

40,142 

2,201 

7,167 

10 

23 

410 

4,335 

410 

779 



4,745 
66,860 

4,745 
11,898 

30 
46 

1,855 

24,625 

1,850 

3,998 

35 

35 

350 

9,735 

350 

12,152 

10 
120 

4,522 
89,814 
4,517 
17,276 
30 
42 

3,291 
49,942 
100,663 



9,618 

8,854 

18,803,920 

480 

2,651 

2,045 

2,955 

723 

4,018 

4,579,425 

2,655 

875 

310 

140 

38 

5,236 

1,131,985 

3,235 

1,920 

81 

5,358 

7,806,998 

1,725 

1,241 

800 

890 

430 

151 

102 

17 

2 

5,164 

1,449,635 

1,800 

2,940 

281 

143 

9,403 

4,156,818 

1,060 

5,170 

2,512 

651 

10 



5,844 

239,008 

49,668 

5,819 

49,324 

65 

344 

2,140 

45,660 

2,135 

8,046 

10 

101 

325 

3,545 

320 

624 

5 

15 

4,145 
69,115 
4,140 
12,420 
40 
87 

1,425 
23,510 
1,425 
3,917 

10 
17 

241 

5,585 

241 

6,916 

5 

68 

3,734 

91,593 

3,729 

17,401 

25 

56 

2,902 
47,955 
99,035 



7,529 

7,003 

18,218,827 

175 
1,665 
1,585 
2,820 

758 

3,178 

4,162,415 

2,000 

720 

295 

125 

38 

4,152 

1,005,500 

2,330 

1,715 

107 

4,649 

7,457,765 

1,175 

975 

805 

875 

550 

161 

71 

29 

8 

4,390 

1,476,445 

1,285 

2,611 

305 

189 

7,444 

3,883,090 

490 

3,745 

2,471 

720 

18 



4,438 

207,473 

42,780 

4,403 

40,950 

45 

1,830 

1,541 
36,467 
1,531 
6,101 
10 
93 

475 

6,245 

470 

1,076 

5 

3 

3,245 

62,040 

3,245 

10,973 

15 

13 

1,046 

18,645 

1,046 

3,118 

5 

3 

161 
7,621 

156 

6,720 

10 

1,605 

2,983 

76,455 

2,968 

12,962 

15 

113 

2,575 
48,355 
102,990 



5,614 

5,350 

15,572,445 

110 

985 

1,215 

2,270 

770 

2,620 

3,625,990 

1,585 

621 

265 

116 

33 

3,168 

790,910 

1,745 

1,335 

88 

3,659 

6,300,956 

655 

760 

615 

785 

550 

231 

37 

26 

3,457 

1,115,820 

865 

2,151 

321 

120 

5,568 
3,331,310 

225 
2,505 
2,027 

804 



10,150 

650, 238 

130,637 

10,095 

130,051 

103 

586 

4,011 

113,315 

3,996 

20,192 

15 

86 

1,116 

17,244 

1,116 

2,974 



7,627 

187,481 

7,622 

33,308 

66 

208 

2,547 

61,501 

2,542 

9,999 

25 

173 

420 

16,361 

420 

17,087 

6 

19 

7,094 

254,336 

7,094 

46,491 

17 

100 

6,226 

157,167 
335,369 



12,197 

11,542 

43,292,072 

176 

1,620 

1,827 

4,986 

2,933 

5,891 

10,943,055 

2,941 

1,530 

892 

361 

167 

6,382 

1,778,156 

3,246 

2,901 

235 

8,917 

23,383,965 

1,095 

1,306 

1,360 

2,101 

1,865 

850 

220 

101 

19 

7,511 
3,449,820 
1,310 
4,458 
1,259 
484 

12,122 

9,638,188 

345 

3,683 

4,726 

3,336 

32 



2,132 

266,513 

62,207 

2,137 

61,786 

32 

421 

915 

46,507 

915 

7,211 



272 

7,296 

272 

1,159 



1,597 
67, 206 
1,597 
12,282 
26 
264 

556 

22,767 

556 

3,563 

5 

10 

119 

11,381 

119 

11,354 



1,532 

111,356 

1,532 

26,217 

7 
147 

1,373 

56,567 

114,434 



2,417 

2,234 

14,303,713 

26 

223 

178 

748 

1,059 

1,286 

5,095,551 
477 
349 
180 
144 
136 

1,113 

470,079 

558 

438 

117 

2,077 
13,838,819 

85 
140 
205 
342 
490 
433 
241 
123 

18 

1,565 
1,699,900 
100 
745 
327 
393 

2,411 

3,230,199 

65 

406 

681 

1,217 

42 



248 
69, 531 
16,721 

248 

16,513 

4 

208 

124 

10,634 

124 

2,010 



41 

1,790 

41 

254 



177 

15,498 

177 

3,019 

2 

51 

86 
6,065 

86 
1,005 



34 
4,208 

34 
3,484 

1 
14 

167 

31,336 

167 

6,741 

2 

143 

166 
12,880 
23,943 



294 
253 

3,714,012 
4 
35 
14 
49 
151 

163 

1,015,446 
45 
33 
20 
30 
35 

105 

85,928 

29 

56 

20 

270 
5,213,060 
2 
10 
11 
23 
43 
47 
59 
52 
23 

195 
544,203 
17 
51 
41 
86 

287 

779,313 

8 

21 

36 

182 

40 



36 

15,787 

4,640 

35 

4,208 

1 

432 

15 

1,197 

15 

224 



21 
2,419 

20 
400 

1 
150 

11 

881 

10 

111 

1 

7 

4 

1,704 

4 

1,855 



27 

9,290 

26 

1,575 

1 

275 

20 
2,553 

4,897 



52 

41 

587,355 

1 

9 

3 

8 

20 

27 
211,602 

10 
4 
4 
1 
8 

19 
12,813 

5 
10 

4 

44 
1,312,381 



1 
5 
6 
6 
12 
8 
5 

34 

271,131 

7 

10 

4 

13 

51 
193,692 

2 
11 

3 
22 
13 



110 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Under 10 acres 



10 to 49 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars. 

average per farm, dollars . 
All crops sold .dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, eold dollars . 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



Cattle and calves 

Cows, including heifers that have calved 

Milk cows 

Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers and bulls including steer and bull calvi 



arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number, 
arms reporting. 

number. 



Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

'20 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. 

500 or more head -. farms reporting. 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head , farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms renorting. 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms reporting. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. 

100 or more head farms reporting. 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting. 

number. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting. 

number . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Ewes farms reporting. 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporti ng . 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Milk and cream sold 1 .farms reporting. 

pounds . 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



774,018,298 
.9,399 

209,317,353 
74,495,888 
38,647,411 
48,096,781 
48,077,273 

564,700,945 
80,370,901 

408,684,430 

75,645,614 



60,273 
2,075,243 

56,079 
1,253,862 

53,575 
1,206,337 

54,278 
714,089 

38,600 
107,292 



1,642 

5,662 

5,782 

8,690 

24,481 

11,865 

2,137 

14 



5,027 

11,175 

11,618 

12,017 

11,889 

3,379 

563 

411 



4,916 

10,012 

11,160 

11,751 

11,613 

3,227 

533 

363 

18,096 
44,573 
15,081 
170,356 
7,853 
95,240 
10,709 
75,116 

4,652 
217,891 

3,645 
86,929 

4,211 
130,962 

4,074 
123,125 

2,969 

7,837 

32,033 

11,801,709 



54,888 

1,024,751 

67,255,003 

4,925 

155,880 

4,832,280 

3,276 

139,672 

1,955,408 

44,983 

9,359,099,833 

408,684,430 

14,707 

16,072,324 

17,976 

135,701,813 

50,209,674 



28,543,458 

5,885 

17,612,110 

63,886 

877,425 

485,612 

16,185,187 

10,931,348 

9,805,710 

703,545 

422,093 



696 
4,215 

481 
1,795 

446 
1,670 

500 
1,770 

320 

650 



125 
265 
205 
65 
35 



250 
190 
25 
10 



225 

185 

20 

10 

5 



260 
430 
380 

4,745 
270 

2,285 
270 

2,460 



45 
165 

60 
635 

60 
575 

30 

60 

1,913 
1,561,545 



501 

2,650 

266,615 

205 

4,085 

126,635 

50 

775 

10,850 

161 

11,767,000 

703,545 

1,589 

2,179,534 

1,689 

18,550,720 

6,863,766 



53,534,802 

4,259 

25,180,443 

3,157,466 

5,858,450 

5,450,037 

10,714,490 

28,354,359 

22,301,106 

3,276,600 

2,776,653 



5,483 
37,843 

4,382 
16,645 

3,877 
14,905 

4,211 
15,776 

2,547 

5,422 



611 

1,865 

1,700 

1,010 

295 

1 

1 



1,440 

2,525 

360 

45 

10 
1 



1,330 

2,155 

335 

45 
10 

1 



1,841 
5,055 
2,060 

20,450 
1,050 
9,915 
1,455 

10,535 

620 
10,690 

405 
3,295 

540 
7,395 

520 
6,525 

325 

870 

4,905 
3,240,502 



3,882 

22,083 

1,904,815 

830 

20,055 

621,705 

390 

5,475 

76,650 

1,502 

73,339,420 

3,276,600 

2,566 

4,031,235 

3,064 

35,440,919 

13,113,141 



24,499,899 
3,963 

12,559,028 
3,493,448 
1,945,385 
4,176,433 
2,943,762 

11,940,871 
5,053,867 
4,757,105 

2,129,899 



3,756 
39,952 

3,180 
20,040 

2,895 
18,515 

3,020 
15,685 

1,971 

4,227 



230 

901 

850 

1,235 

530 

10 



740 

1,535 

780 

115 
10 



710 

1,325 

740 

110 
10 



1,176 
2,636 
1,175 
8,340 

555 
3,975 

845 
4,365 

365 
7,225 

255 
2,275 

340 
4,950 

320 
4,550 

235 

400 

2,525 

733,085 



2,860 

20,750 

1,710,430 

380 

8,205 

254,355 

230 

4,375 

61,250 

1,605 

111,783,626 

4,757,105 

1,126 

1,584,438 

1,410 

7,943,000 

2,938,909 



42,939,088 
4,968 

15,122,001 
5,962,694 
2,688,880 
4,804,831 
1,665,596 

27,817,087 
6,567,224 

16,612,270 

4,637,593 



6,182 
103,385 

5,501 
58,628 

5,221 
56,033 

5,285 
36,455 

3,421 

8,302 



230 
921 
915 
1,795 
2,191 
130 



880 
1,850 
1,875 

725 

171 



885 
1,650 
1,810 

715 

161 



1,697 
3,588 
1,665 
15,445 
890 
8,845 
1,150 
6,600 

466 
14,794 

355 
4,935 

426 
9,859 

411 
9,203 

286 

656 

3,422 
1,048,969 



5,306 

52,788 

3,968,405 

620 

11,970 

371,070 

341 

8,240 

115,360 

3,771 

387,975,794 

16,612,270 

1,466 

975,981 

1,896 

12,672,750 

4,688,918 



NEW YORK 



111 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of famis. See text ] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Size of famt-Ojntinued 



140 to 179 acres 



180 to 219 acres 



220 to 259 acres 



260 to 499 acres 



MO to 999 acres ' 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 



!,000 acres and over 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold toul, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars. . 
All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nil's, sold dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars.. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, 
other than poultry and dairy, sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reoorting.. 

90 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head .farms reporting.. 

Cows including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head Jams reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head fami9 reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting. . 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/Of mules farms reporting.. 

number. . 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 
Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars.. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive Tarms reporting.. 

number. , 

dol I ars . . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . , 

dollars.. 
Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting. , 

pounds.. 

dollars. , 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. , 

dollars.. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens., 

dollars.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



84,915,428 
8,760 

19,330,259 
7,861,282 
3,347,735 
4,998,260 
3,122,982 

65,585,169 
6,169,943 

50,935,700 

8,479,526 



8,492 
257,302 

8,147 
160,895 

7,886 
155,562 

7,827 
84,859 

5,362 
11,548 



125 

400 

507 

1,210 

5,275 

970 

5 



435 
1,292 
2,300 
2,520 
1,500 

100 



450 
1,211 
2,225 
2,435 
1,480 
85 



2,456 
5,721 
1,816 
15,310 
886 
8,670 
1,256 
6,640 

536 
21,851 

426 
7,906 

480 
13,945 

470 
13,020 

340 

925 

3,622 

896,510 



7,972 

127,632 

7,775,955 

485 

13,325 

413,075 

375 

11,710 

163,940 

7,085 

1,189,006,973 

50,935,700 

1,463 

2,022,655 

1,917 

10,932,725 

4,045,108 



83,166,525 
10,995 

15,351,650 
6,490,116 
2,925,605 
3,898,265 
2,037,664 

67,814,875 
5,988,494 

53,232,490 

8,593,891 



6,855 
261,680 

6,710 
163,855 

6,485 
159,180 

6,425 
86, 515 

4,620 
11,310 



60 

190 

280 

555 

3,970 

1,785 

15 



235 

715 

1,235 

2,215 

2,090 

220 



235 

635 

1,205 

2,165 

2,035 

210 



1,933 
4,898 
1,455 

16,755 
785 

10,060 
1,040 
6,695 

400 
16,880 

350 
5,830 

365 
11,050 

360 
10,640 

260 

410 

2,792 
844,990 



6,605 

129,755 

7,771,810 

425 

17,490 

542,190 

295 

12,020 

168,280 

6,035 

1,239,755,480 

53,232,490 

1,172 

575,385 

1,457 

9,466,373 

3,502,559 



69,569,568 
12,359 

11,855,573 

6,660,419 

1,311,375 

2,968,818 

914,961 

57,713,995 
3,058,608 

47,314,340 

7,341,047 



5,246 
231,584 

5,116 
143,022 

4,986 
138,717 

4,986 
78,942 

3,745 

9,620 



25 
136 
105 
275 
2,750 
1,870 
85 



90 

326 

880 

1,580 

1,930 

305 

5 



110 

336 

805 

1,560 

1,885 

285 

5 



1,445 
3,190 
1,106 
8,561 

590 
5,280 

711 
3,281 

355 
15,250 

290 
4,280 

325 
10,970 

320 
10,480 

225 

490 



2,084 
444,660 



5,165 

114,210 

6,900,325 

275 

7,560 

234,360 

280 

8,875 

124,250 

4,815 

1,097,777,404 

47,314,340 

844 

529,805 

1,064 

5,246,575 

1,941,233 



202,241,117 

16,541 

35,867,954 

18,092,823 

6,644,952 

7,630,110 

3,500,069 

166,373,163 

6,791,504 

137,907,230 

21,674,429 



11,331 
662,314 

11,164 
405,243 

10,859 
392,538 

10,895 

228,815 

8,764 

28,256 



40 

125 

195 

375 

3,897 

5,653 

1,046 



190 

531 

946 

2,375 

4,756 

2,040 

281 

45 



185 

521 

901 

2,330 

4,661 

1,960 

261 

40 

3,538 
9,308 
2,581 

31,666 
1,315 

19,700 
1,886 

11,966 

777 
53,853 

642 
23,699 

707 
30,154 

677 
28,235 

542 
1,919 

4,674 
1,239,350 



11,202 

314,311 

19,804,667 

736 

28,495 

883,345 

557 

39,200 

548,800 

10,504 

3,161,278,143 

137,907,230 

1,834 

1,427,390 

2,269 

13,371,943 

4,947,619 



77,384,495 
32,017 

22,766,106 

10,446,022 
6,120,570 
4,217,213 
1,982,301 

54,618,389 
3,213,763 

43,265,928 

8,138,698 



2,184 
202,810 

2,136 
120,611 

2,086 
115,520 

2,072 
71,909 

1,830 
10,290 



20 

31 

22 

31 

322 

940 

817 

1 



35 

79 
65 
181 
637 
641 
243 
255 



35 
77 
60 
201 
631 
618 
232 
232 

844 
2,819 

541 
9,445 

306 
5,225 

416 
4,220 

246 
35,981 

216 
20,041 

235 
15,940 

235 
15,460 

205 

480 

877 
392,380 



2,143 

98,385 

7,240,001 

192 

12,496 

387,376 

186 

28,650 

401,100 

2,020 

938,854,917 

43,265,928 

392 

522,731 

427 

4,548,314 

1,682,877 



19,736,863 
67,132 
8,164,415 
3,034,224 
3,094,069 
1,391,121 
645,001 

11,572,448 
1,777,304 
7,887,651 

1,907,493 



248 
38,662 

234 
21,945 

221 
19,715 

229 
13,935 

220 
2,782 



6 

7 

3 

17 

52 

152 

7 



9 
18 
2 
8 
36 
34 
34 
80 

117 

639 

64 

7,383 

43 

4,212 

51 

3,171 

34 
6,589 

24 
2,276 

32 
4,313 

31 
4,189 

26 
124 

83 
63,619 



240 

18,895 

1,620,945 

29 

6,058 

187,798 

19 

2,920 

40,880 

197 

165,139,416 

7,887,651 

50 

636,008 

48 

844,088 

312,313 



5,500,371 
105,776 

3,661,496 
698,282 
676,730 
152,265 

2,134,219 

1,838,875 
186,937 

1,079,316 

572,622 



36 
8,611 

34 
4,366 

29 
2,605 

31 
3,011 

32 
1,234 



2 
2 

1 
3 
7 
15 
6 



2 

3 
2 
1 
7 
4 
1 
9 

26 
139 

16 
1,598 

12 
793 

12 
805 

11 

3,028 

10 

1,235 

9 

1,793 

8 

1,722 

9 

71 

18 
24,104 



35 

3,640 

497,385 

7 

1,471 

45,601 

7 

1,587 

22,218 

25 

18,106,546 

1,079,316 

12 

11,146 

12 

330,921 

122,441 



112 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



I Data are based on report* for only a sample of famis. See text \ 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



50 to 69 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Continued 

Litters fairowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959 ....farms reporting. 

number of litters.. 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. . 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting.. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. . 

number of litters. , 
December 1 to June 1 farms reporting., 

number of litters., 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 
Com for all purposes farms reporting. , 



Under 1 1 acres 
11 to 24 acres . . . 
25 to 19 acres . . . 
50 to 74 acres . . . 
75 to 99 acres . . . 
100 or more acres 
Harvested Tor grain . . 



arms reporting. . 
arms reporting. , 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting., 
arms reporting. , 
i reporting., 
report! ng . . 
acres., 
bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres., 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres., 
tans. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons, green weight.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acreB.. 
bushels . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,968 

27,-171 

1,758 

1,456 

467 

191 

59 

37 

3,094 

13,231 

2,932 

14,240 



39,157 

648,141 

18,123 

13,476 

5,887 

1,144 

236 

291 

19,218 

232,014 

13,439,425 

5,933 

5,674,976 

16,762 

248,031 

7,493,387 

14,537 

6,793,111 

39,545 

630,455 

33,731,236 

8,117 

5,636,111 

2,706 

26,372 

795,658 

878 

291,635 

1,334 

16,049 

372,921 

792 

255,906 

1,792 

16,792 

280,733 

952 

199, 578 



3,521 

86,748 
883,881 



3,009,405 

30, 514 

939,924 

2,119,960 

4,716 

187,204 

42,485 

1,549,590 

2,597,046 

6,404 

223,607 



5,048 

37,688 

67,998 

122 

1,205 

12,329 

332,506 

487,719 

1,855 

52,847 



8,947 
149, 697 
972,449 

994 
12,280 
20,639 



175 

715 

65 

95 

15 



135 
300 
120 
415 



115 
265 
115 



85 

190 

9,285 

10 
2,250 

60 

190 

7,440 

55 
7,240 

50 

135 

7,440 

20 
5,965 



10 
10 
680 



15 
45 

410 



70 
165 
405 

20 
170 

140 

480 

690 

35 

no 



80 
275 
465 

25 

120 



560 

3,080 

285 

225 

25 

10 

10 

5 

460 

1,530 

360 

1,550 



2,420 

10,465 

2,285 

125 

10 



1,885 
7,500 

388,495 
585 

177,815 

1,765 

12,020 

349,520 

1,440 
299,870 

2,195 

10,485 

487,530 

770 

211,070 

110 
360 

9,080 
10 

1,000 

105 
380 

8,450 
50 

5,420 

105 
540 

9,325 
60 

6,800 



305 
2,215 

22,315 



1,870 

14,340 

26,570 

440 

6,435 

3,422 
30,562 
46,787 

1,021 
11,658 



275 

1,205 

1,760 

35 

180 

1,015 
8,475 
9,405 
285 
3,110 



60 

245 

1,655 

25 

250 
375 



260 

1,505 

120 

105 

25 

5 

5 
200 
680 
190 
825 



1,945 

13,050 

1,635 

290 

15 

5 



1,345 
8,480 

456,875 
510 

228,390 

1,451 
12,322 
344,448 

1,231 
297,323 

2,101 

14,977 

726,730 

646 

270,575 

120 

595 

14,890 

25 

3,060 

81 

643 

11,715 

26 

7,205 

155 

895 

13,610 

75 

7,770 



260 
3,485 

34,010 



1,455 

17,885 

34,740 

415 

8,540 

2,587 
37,726 
61,325 
587 
13,755 



205 

770 

1,325 

10 

170 

736 

11,125 

13,480 

266 

5,145 



115 
925 

5,580 

45 
315 
470 



450 

2,265 

240 

125 

70 

10 

5 

340 
1,095 

290 
1,170 



3,572 

30,829 

2,632 

845 

90 

5 



2,095 

15,120 

822,785 

740 

365,410 

2,165 
22,425 
639,740 

1,890 
555,615 

3,915 

33,700 

1,678,325 

1,160 

463,055 

275 
1,535 
38,640 

100 
16,385 

135 
975 

29,915 
80 

24,835 

205 

1,615 

20, 915 

110 
13,505 



425 

5,350 

58,190 



160,768 

2,761 

45,550 

96,106 

655 

15,880 

4,520 

91,478 

151,890 

922 

23,215 



410 
2,165 
3,565 

15 
95 

1,110 

17,890 

22,755 

195 

2,995 



326 
3,685 
28,860 

115 
1,055 
1,745 



NEW YORK 



113 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



I Data are based on reports for only a sample of Farms. Set- U?xt \ 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Size of farm-Continued 



140 to 179 acres 



180 lo 219 acres 



220 to 259 acres 



■?fi0 u> 499 acres 



WO to 999 acres , 



1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres and over 


















LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS-Contjnued 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, to November 30, 1959 ....farms reporting. 

number of litters.. 

.fanns reporting.. 

.farms reporting.. 

.farms reporting.. 

.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting.. 

.farms reporting. 

.farms reporting, 
number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting. 

number of litters., 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 34 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 or more acres farms reporting. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. 

bushels.. 

Sales .farms reporting.. 

bushels.. 

Wheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres., 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. , 
bushels. , 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. , 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting. , 

acres. 
100- lb. bags. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres., 
tons.. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting . 

acres, 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting. 

tons. 

Other hay cut farms reporting. 

acres. 
tons. 

Sales farms reporting . 

tons. 

Grass silage made from grasses , alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



386 

2,196 

175 

166 

25 

15 

5 

286 

1,170 

301 
1,026 



5,495 

76,125 

2,375 

2,455 

630 

10 

20 

5 

2,490 

25,215 

1,421,215 

735 

549,585 

2,155 

27,830 

816,835 

1,865 

736,815 

5,700 

77,365 

4,102,995 

995 

645,295 

360 

3,150 

96,940 

135 
41,040 

170 

1,105 

23,925 

95 

14,905 

300 

2,765 

47,465 

155 
32,655 



360 

7,155 

76,890 



380,430 

4,255 

109,720 

251,945 

500 

17,955 

6,177 

207,755 

347,965 

761 

27,030 



685 
4,565 
8,775 

5 
200 

1,736 

44,775 

67,600 

250 

7,840 



1,155 
13,615 
86,970 

170 
1,525 
2,115 



400 

2,700 

185 

125 

60 
15 
15 

290 
1,185 

315 
1,515 



4,870 

78,045 

1,840 

2,090 

875 

55 

10 

2,070 

24,840 

1,365,765 

655 

554,785 

1,650 

25,425 

783,310 

1,455 

719,245 

4,790 

78,550 

4,284,195 

835 

685,580 

290 

2,580 

81,695 

115 
33,845 

130 
960 

16,770 
70 

10,765 

150 

1,710 

27,675 

90 

23,500 



450 

9,280 

88,450 



372,610 

3,785 

116,360 
265,945 

515 
20,215 

4,855 

194,930 

332,790 

435 

15,250 



870 

7,200 

12,715 

10 

60 

1,395 

37,850 

55,955 

110 

5,300 



1,205 
16,270 
96,205 



110 
1,265 
2,275 



235 
1,365 

120 
60 
40 
15 



200 
735 
170 
630 



3,770 

69,000 

1,320 

1,470 

865 

90 

10 

15 

1,525 

21,860 

1,217,300 

425 

479,160 

1,110 

19,330 

588,740 

970 

531,850 

3,791 

68,450 

3,766,545 

530 

540,715 

260 

2,030 

60,295 

90 

20,620 

81 

850 

21,425 

41 

9,180 

125 

1,315 

19,495 

65 

11,215 



245 

7,360 
89,660 



327,690 

3,020 

102,735 

233,005 

305 

12,455 

3,746 

172,810 

293,555 

460 

20,250 



365 
2,915 
5,470 

5 
60 

960 

30,955 

45, 505 

80 

2,075 



1,200 
18,275 

127,000 

90 
1,415 

1,820 



636 

5,752 

200 

285 

91 

45 

5 

10 

531 

2,810 

516 

2,942 



8,743 

208,354 

2,050 

3,460 

2,450 

611 

106 

66 

3,693 

64,379 

3,786,890 

1,041 

1,504,790 

2,822 

64,257 

1,928,181 

2,501 
1,782,466 

8,581 

204,414 

11,050,522 

1,398 

1,461,018 

660 

7,335 

246,560 

200 

78,695 

274 
4,484 
96,093 

172 
62,850 

356 
4,205 

70,850 

211 

52,460 



760 
25,105 
257,015 



960,923 

6,844 

313,322 

706,385 

856 

51,230 



8,211 

469,816 

787,616 

886 

55,437 



1,150 
10,110 
20,155 

20 
250 

2,675 

104,666 

157,184 

268 

16,018 



3,166 

63,009 

411,970 



210 
2,845 
4,435 



211 
1,926 
81 
50 
55 
20 
5 

155 

890 

176 

1,036 



1,755 

72,186 

243 

465 

564 

289 

59 

135 

835 

29,305 

1,828,085 

258 

925,640 

649 

24,553 

824,834 

582 
778,943 

1,728 

59,351 

3,337,397 

259 

493,342 

215 
5,233 

143, 630 

56 

54,875 

118 

2,998 

87,523 

96 

61,829 

70 

655 

12,045 

35 

8,355 



177 

15,717 

159,250 



282,047 

1,429 

98,401 

234,354 

187 

19,915 

1,529 

131,164 

232,978 

211 

20,475 



193 
2,623 
4,200 



532 

30,208 

46,826 

61 

2,425 



755 
19,651 
129,724 

70 
1,765 
2,865 



32 

1,156 
5 



4 
5 
26 
592 
28 
564 



197 

16,520 

10 

25 

41 

34 

26 

61 

109 

6,405 

412,535 

39 

214,747 

95 

6,487 

207,750 

88 
197,003 

181 

11,163 

639,254 

38 

116,300 

26 

647 

19,410 

10 

8,360 

23 

555 

13,210 

20 
11,118 

10 

227 

3,008 

6 

2,008 



22 

4,011 
36,086 



52,149 

170 

21,139 

48,648 

28 

8,534 

176 

21,443 

35,305 

24 

2,827 



19 

842 

1,263 

2 

35 

58 

4,511 

5,811 

9 

679 



94 
4,214 
24,741 

9 
385 
969 



7 
215 
1 
1 
1 
2 

2 
6 

119 

5 

96 



23 
2,749 
2 
5 
2 
5 

9 

11 

910 

57,240 

5 

7,004 

13 

912 

33,024 

13 
31,546 

25 

1,333 

65,698 

6 

8,266 

4 

202 

5,443 

1 

2,600 

5 

958 

16,000 

5 
15,354 

1 

15 

225 



2 

360 
,325 



14 

2,203 

5,406 

5 

925 

28 

3,782 

5,619 

5 

850 



1 
23 
50 



5 
1,134 
2,375 

1 
500 



11 

638 

4,119 



114 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 20.- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of famis. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Under 10 acres 



70 to 99 acres 



100 to 139 acres 



SPECIFIED CROPS RARVESTED-Conuntied 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting. , 

acres 2 , 
hundredweight. , 

Vegetables harvested for sale i.. farms reporting.. 

Sales dollars. . 



Stray/berries. 



farms reporting. 

acres, 
quarts . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards , groves , vineyards , and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. 

acres. 



8,884 

85,132 

16,268,245 

8,276 
38,647,411 

2,594 

3,244 

7,797,522 



10,352 
180,893 



340 

118 

15,820 

770 
877,425 

310 

114 

190,285 



612 
1,427 



1,515 

4,704 

838,925 

2,111 
5,858,450 

801 

518 

964,250 



2,498 
21,101 



700 

4,734 

817,760 

770 
1,945,385 

305 

204 

346,085 



1,245 
15,964 



includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

2 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 

3 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



1,100 

7,580 

1,391,280 

781 
2,688,880 

325 

374 

582,380 



1,251 
21,562 



1,463 

10,211 

1,903,220 

1,062 
3,156,235 

275 
486 

1,164,200 



1,517 
29,426 



NEW YORK 



115 



State Table 20- FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports foe only a sample of fiini.- See text J 





Size of lami-Continued 


Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


140 to 179 acres 


ISO to 219 acres 


220 to 259 acres 


260 to 499 acres 


500 to 999 acres 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 


2,000 acres and over 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED-Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 


996 

9,902 

1,778,390 

712 
3,347,735 

165 
231 

500,650 

940 
20,435 


766 

5,746 

1,095,675 

493 
2,925,605 

120 

174 

334,500 

570 
15,939 


511 

7,703 

1,554,265 

325 
1,311,375 

70 

50 

133,885 

419 
10,253 


1,187 

16,782 

3,264,322 

867 
6,644,952 

151 

478 

1,644,656 

1,019 
29,012 


256 

11,719 

2,452,661 

307 
6,120,570 

61 

367 

1,119,491 

241 
12,058 


40 

4,227 

877,172 

68 
3,094,069 

8 

172 

496, 140 

34 
3,528 


10 


acres 2 . . 
hundredweight. . . 


1,706 
278,755 

10 




676,730 




acres . . . 
quarts . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

acres. . . 


76 
321,000 

6 
188 



116 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For descriptions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



£11 tenants 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

FafmS number.. 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Land in farms acres., 

Percent distribution percent. , 

Average si ze of farm acres . , 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm do! 1 ars . . 

Average per acre dol I ars . , 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres forms reporting 

SO to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres 

Other cropland {idle and crop failure) farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 
Improved pasture farms reporting 



Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

- acres 
Cropland used for grain or row crops 

farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting 

acres 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 

acres 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 
Operators reporting age number. . 

Under 25 years number. . 

25 to 34 years number.. 

35 to 44 years , number.. 

45 to 54 years number.. 

55 to 64 years number.. 

65 or more years number. . 

Average age years . , 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 or more days operators reporting. . 

With other member's of family working off farm operators reporting. . 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off-farm work operators reporting. . 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting.. 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting. , 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . operators reporting. . 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agriculUirat products sold operators reporting.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



62,354 

XXX 

13,526,411 

xxx 

164.2 



23,333 
145.10 



75,961 

5,153,941 

9,316 

7,295 

6,775 

12,995 

22,912 

13,564 

2,903 

181 

20 

36,718 
1,290,784 
25,992 
766,909 
5,768 
153,847 
22,374 
613,062 

25,254 
939,382 
45,614 
2,059,601 
41,986 
2,413,854 
10,305 
241,011 

2,020 

64,472 



5,229 

141,990 

3,457 
91,629 

3,030 

121,669 

1,227 

55,334 



81,681 
1,233 
8,895 
18,259 
20,829 
18,190 
14,275 

50.8 



36,687 
9,708 
4,389 

22,590 

11,161 
17,392 
22,477 



45,667 
8,626 
18,072 



6,166 



56,760 
100.0 

11,524,704 
100.0 
203.0 



28,011 
139.90 



54,181 
4,657,453 
2,323 
2,309 
3,156 
9,051 

20,938 

13,334 

2,873 

178 

19 

28,114 

1,121,104 

15,685 

487,869 

3,806 

105,093 

13,262 

382,776 

20,876 

823,306 

32,778 

1,607,501 

32,353 

2,127,407 

9,421 

226,575 

1,825 
63,271 



4,398 
134,689 

3,024 
86,123 

2,785 

113,997 

1,036 

50,604 



56,217 
983 

6,524 
12,823 
15,031 
13,375 

7,481 

49.7 



17,866 
8,362 
2,594 
6,910 

5,223 

8,429 

5,827 

38,894 

6,879 

12,654 

1,876 



34,590 
60.9 

5,998,726 

52.1 

173.4 



23,558 
135.48 



32,271 
2,254,766 
2,041 
1,894 
2,380 
6,425 

12,617 

6,022 

859 

32 

1 

15,808 

589,048 

9,084 

276,861 

2,236 

61,107 

7,654 

215,754 

12,269 

467,489 

18,974 

922,490 

18,526 

1,133,642 

4,833 

113,663 

857 
21,270 



2,142 
45,718 

1,711 
44,597 

1,407 

55,602 

577 

29,558 



34,181 
435 
3,161 
6,961 
8,951 
9,144 
5,529 

51.6 



10,714 
4,530 
1,646 
4,538 

2,985 

5,259 

3,989 



23,876 
4,145 
8,482 

1,412 



18,877 
33.3 

4,800,521 
41.7 
254.3 



37,234 
142.93 



18,799 

2,108,203 

197 

301 

611 

2,143 

7,094 

6,484 

1,826 

127 

16 

10,845 

470,601 

5,717 

184,381 

1,343 

39,777 

4,861 

144,604 

7,440 
304,947 
12,106 
564,991 
12,053 
874,895 
4,103 
101,405 

783 
36,998 



1,917 
79,374 

1,189 
37,272 

1,281 

52,950 

425 

19,650 



18,786 
297 
2,503 
4,942 
5,360 
3,879 
1,805 

47.9 



6,176 

3,339 

827 

2,010 

1,986 

2,826 

1,522 



12,701 
2,362 
3,787 



385 
0.7 

165,099 

1.4 

428.8 



79,922 
202.93 



326 
48,259 
24 
14 
29 
32 

72 
87 
55 
11 
2 

132 

10,819 

147 

7,558 

51 

1,914 

116 

5,644 

107 

8,405 

215 

50,708 

152 

20,060 

51 

2,181 

34 
451 



42 
2,402 



23 
,154 



16 

.' ' 



120 
61 
46 



336 
44 
51 



NEW YORK 



117 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Fat ms number 

Percent distribution percent 

Land in farms acres 

Percent distribution percent 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acre9 farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 

acres. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 

acres. 
Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) 'arms reporting, 

acres , 
Improved pasture farms reporting, 

acres, 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for grain or row cropa 

farmed on the contour farms reporting 

acres 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control .farms reporting 

acres 
System of terraces on crop and pasture land /arms reporting 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Operators reporting age .number 

Under 25 years .number 

25 to 34 years .number 

35 to 44 years number 

45 to 54 years number 

55 to 64 years number 

65 or more years number 

Average age years 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farm operators- 
Working off their farms, total operators reporting 

1 to 99 days operators reporting 

100 to 199 days operators reporting 

200 or more days operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm 

operated and off- farm work operators reporting 

With other income of family exceeding value of 

agricultural products sold operators reporting 

Operators not working off their farms or not 

reporting as to work off their farms operators reporting 

With other members of family working off farm operators reporting 

With income from sources other than farm operated . . . operators reporting 
With other income of family exceeding value 
of agricultural products sold operators reporting 

See footnotes at end of table 



1,558 
2.7 

291,504 

2.5 

187.1 



33, 420 
180.18 



1,492 

133,461 

30 

45 

66 

280 

590 

391 

82 

8 



686 
27,555 

392 
9,954 

111 
1,465 

316 
8,489 

540 
20,685 

754 
34,608 

800 
49,095 

224 
5,076 

130 
4,350 



187 
5,265 

41 
2,185 

51 

2,430 

20 

970 



1,548 
110 
464 
511 
280 
147 
36 

39.3 



476 
231 
45 
200 

95 

171 
175 



1,082 
147 
167 



210 
0.4 

48,400 

0.4 

230.5 



36,239 
148.65 



210 

22,380 

5 

5 

5 

40 



115 

5,840 

45 

955 

5 

30 

45 

925 



2,460 
135 

7,700 
125 

6,595 

35 

890 



25 
245 



10 
145 



15 
475 



205 
15 
60 
60 
60 
10 



38.0 



120 
25 
40 



140 
0.2 

25,920 
0.2 

185.1 



26,095 
129.38 



140 

11,790 

15 

5 

15 

70 

30 

5 



50 
1,490 

30 

1,660 

5 

35 

25 
1,625 

50 
2,185 

45 
1,220 

85 
6,050 

15 
445 

5 

60 



5 
600 



140 
10 
35 
50 
20 
15 
10 



370 
0.7 

85,790 

0.7 

231.9 



19,487 
85.43 



370 
37,210 

10 
10 

190 

140 

20 



215 

8,305 

85 

2,505 

20 

315 

75 

2,190 

180 

7,425 

205 

7,500 

255 

15,935 

65 

985 



20 

240 



20 
435 



365 
20 
75 
70 

125 
45 
30 



300 
60 
30 



630 
1.1 

108,744 

0.9 

172.6 



24,338 
143.37 



573 

41,384 

11 

45 

55 

106 



230 
115 
11 



263 
7,446 

185 

3,995 

35 

450 

170 
3,545 

210 

9,710 

344 

18,284 

357 

21,135 

95 

1,930 

16 
142 



65 
1,445 

25 
255 

10 
350 

5 
115 



620 
85 
165 
156 
115 
74 
25 



226 

125 
30 

71 

71 
81 
55 



404 
86 
82 



118 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

l'ii"y are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



All tenants 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms renorting. . 

number.. 

1 tractor farms renorting. . 

2 tractors farms reporti ng . . 

1 tractors farms reporting.. 

4 tractors farms reporting.. 

5 or more tractors farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Automobiles and/or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting . . 

^ulk-type .farms reporting.. 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting. . 

Farms by kind ol road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting. . 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting. . 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting. . 

4 miles farms reporting.. 

5 or more miles farms reporting. . 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting. . 

persons.. 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms renorting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year operators reporting.. 

acres on which used. . 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Oops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting. , 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

tons., 

Corn farms reporting. , 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting., 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



IS, 028 
18,702 
. 6,631 
6,819 
36,039 
36,724 
17,109 
18,094 
47,459 
66,486 

72,959 
155,544 
70,176 
138,670 
29,698 
23,567 
10,844 
3,698 
2,369 

69,411 

131,149 

6,719 

7,5a 

15,373 
16,874 

73,122 
93,150 
78,513 

74,191 
53,881 
45,049 
43,690 
7,271 
2,435 
37,270 



59,338 

12,403 

9,741 

5,353 

4,388 

2,424 

1,738 

110 

116 



20,544 
46,679 
15,849 
28,984 



10,406 

3,207 

1,467 

542 

227 



75,236 
3,895 
3,223 



54,363 

2,170,683 

491,720 

54,072 

486,985 

535 

4,735 



15,743 

353,387 

15,713 

63,284 

60 

316 

3,569 

48,846 

3,559 

8,413 

10 

18 

33,019 
578,602 
32,993 
105,483 
230 
870 



15,920 
16,556 
6,096 
6,269 
32,852 
33,498 
16,616 
17,552 
38,310 
55,989 

53,067 
125,925 
51,920 
114,975 
15,565 
20,231 
10,237 
3,610 
2,277 

51,467 

108,586 

5,670 

6,389 

9,835 

10,950 

51,271 
66,406 
55,176 

52,209 
39,381 
40,708 
40,015 
7,192 
2,408 
34,628 



41,133 
8,948 
6,157 
3,317 
2,840 
1,577 
1,122 
75 
66 



19,631 
44,781 
15,376 
27,825 



10,028 

3,166 

1,444 

529 

209 



52,205 
2,562 
1,993 



43,484 

2,023,862 

462,912 

43,278 

458,282 

435 

4,630 



13,729 

329,206 

13,704 

58,585 

45 

294 

3,324 

46,101 

3,314 

7,914 

10 
18 

29,241 
553,226 
29,225 
100,034 
210 
854 



7,979 

8,252 

2,550 

2,602 

17,382 

17,675 

7,746 

8,112 

21,533 

28,865 

31,635 
68,001 
30,668 
61,424 
11,294 
11,827 
5,170 
1,594 
783 

30,328 
57,844 
3,216 
3,580 
5,905 
6,577 

30,664 
38,317 
33 ,363 

31,365 
22,707 
22,999 
22,581 
3,214 
1,021 
18,404 



24,650 

5,648 

3,918 

1,971 

1,947 

1,071 

776 

40 

60 



10,172 

21,200 

7,755 

13,114 



5,322 

1,443 
720 
193 

77 



31,888 
1,388 
1,314 



24,188 

845,881 

182,465 

24,028 

181,540 

227 

925 



7,348 

159,685 

7,333 

29,766 

20 

56 

1,608 
21,480 
1,598 
3,753 

10 
18 

14,869 

224,088 

14,859 

41,453 

101 

211 



7,134 

7,441 

3,167 

3,281 

13,593 

13,903 

7,857 

8,355 

14,583 

23,593 

18,369 

50,411 

18,246 

46,745 

3,310 

7,304 

4,502 

1,828 

1,302 

18,179 
44,346 
2,104 
2,399 
3,322 
3,666 

17,626 
24,058 
18,636 

17,924 
14,641 
15,380 
15,148 
3,523 
1,254 
14,312 



14,026 

2,895 

1,858 

1,108 

750 

415 

300 

30 

5 



8,236 
19,718 

6,681 
12,479 



4,114 

1,542 

642 

283 

100 



17,584 
766 
527 



16,719 

1,037,572 

246,187 

16,678 

242,571 

181 

3,616 



5,626 

150,206 

5,616 

25,367 

20 

220 



1,531 
21,470 
1,531 
3,649 



.■.'Jin 

291,188 

12,594 

51,642 

98 

628 



90 
91 
24 
26 
154 
166 
111 
122 
301 
731 

356 

1,205 

329 

1,051 

89 

69 

77 

33 

61 

328 
927 
89 
124 
116 
154 

320 
639 

374 

352 
239 

171 
163 
51 
29 
177 



295 
28 
49 
22 

27 
11 
15 



256 
1,751 

235 
1,048 



293 
60 
32 



278 

27,300 

8,294 

278 

8,258 

2 

36 



85 

3,637 

85 

703 



33 

950 
33 

199 



138 
4,090 
138 
718 
1 
(Z) 



NEW YORK 



119 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



SPECIFIED EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES AND KIND OF ROAD 

Grain oombines farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number.. 

1 tractor farms reporting.. 

2 tractors farms reporti ng . . 

3 tractors farms reporting. . 

4 tractors farms reporting. . 

5 or more tractors farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Automobiles farm9 reporting.. 

number.. 
Automobiles and 'or motortrucks farms reporting. . 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Electric milk cooler ...farms reporting.. 

3ulk-type farms reporting . . 

Crop drier (for grain, forage, or other crops) farms reporting. . 

Power-operated elevator, conveyor, or blower farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting.. 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting.. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting.. 

Less than 1 mile to a hard surface road farms reporting.. 

1 or more miles to a hard surface road farms reporting. . 

1 mile farms reporting.. 

2 or 3 miles farms reporting.. 

4 miles farms reporting. . 

5 or more miles farms reporting.. 

FARM LABOR, WEEK PRECEDING ENUMERATION 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Farms reporting by number of regular hired workers: 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number.. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres on which used. , 
tons.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Crops on which used- 
Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . , 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting., 

tons.. 

Other pasture (not cropland) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

Corn farms reporting. 

acres. 

Dry materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. 

tons. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



365 
395 
190 
195 
911 
942 
536 
571 
1,123 
1,746 

1,452 

3,443 

1,432 

3,162 

415 

590 

267 

80 

80 

1,417 
3,018 
129 
144 
246 
281 

1,417 
1,800 
1,518 

1,398 

931 

1,131 

1,131 

243 

57 

943 



1,160 

171 

202 

126 

76 

45 

26 

5 



563 

1,510 

401 

789 



266 

71 

37 

21 

6 



1,261 
227 
70 



1,282 

66,789 

16,986 

1,277 

16,933 

25 

53 



388 

9,468 

388 

1,584 

5 

18 

81 
996 

81 
140 



874 

20,715 

874 

4,006 

10 

15 



65 

80 

30 

30 

160 

160 

75 

90 

135 

185 

205 

485 

205 

445 

65 

75 

40 

20 

5 

200 

430 

15 

15 
40 
40 

200 
265 
205 

180 
110 
170 
170 
50 
20 
150 



180 
20 
10 

10 



75 
140 

65 
110 



175 
35 



180 

13,450 

1,974 

180 
1,974 



50 

1,795 

50 

319 



20 

655 

20 

75 



160 

3,570 

160 

574 



45 
45 
20 
20 
85 
85 
15 
15 
95 
120 

125 

345 

125 

300 

25 

50 

35 

5 

10 

115 
270 
25 
30 
40 
45 

130 

165 
135 

125 

90 

90 

85 

5 



115 

20 

5 



125 
4,400 
858 
125 
858 



25 

400 

25 

56 



110 
110 
50 
50 
255 
255 
115 
125 
175 
240 

355 

760 

350 

715 

115 

145 

55 

30 

5 

350 
710 
5 
5 
45 
45 

340 
425 
345 

330 
230 
330 
320 
40 



270 

75 

25 

20 

5 

5 



125 

145 

85 

95 



335 
20 
15 



70 

1,225 

70 

249 



275 
11,985 
1,759 

275 
1,759 



65 

1,085 

65 

168 



15 

105 

15 

28 



240 

4,080 

240 

624 



132 
142 
65 
65 
312 
312 
161 
162 
365 
509 

570 
1,275 
565 
1,133 
252 
171 
91 
20 
31 

550 
1,041 
87 
92 
121 
142 

574 
737 
600 

535 
433 
437 
417 
66 
27 
317 



462 
81 
80 
50 
30 
25 
5 



154 
237 
119 
150 



96 

20 

1 

2 



554 
46 
30 



437 

16,485 

4,389 

437 

4,389 



142 

2,930 

142 

622 



36 
445 
36 
70 



290 

4,270 

290 

768 



120 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions nnd explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



All tenants 



USE OF C0MMERC1 IL FERTILIZER AND LIME-Conlinued 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used-Continued 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons. . 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons... 

All other crops farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting. . 

acres limed., 
tons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock nnd poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $100 farms reporting . . 

S100 to $909 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to £1,999 farms reporting. . 

$2,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under $1,000 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

$10,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire .farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 or moro farms reporting.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms reporting. . 

$20,000 to $49,999 farms renorting. . 

$50,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and woes farms reporting. . 

do! 1 ars . . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dol I ars . . 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 or more farms reporting.. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 

All farm products sold total, dollars.. 

average per farm, dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold .... .dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14,416 
226,489 
14,355 
37,121 

141 
300 

2,801 
83,201 

2,791 

90,716 

52 

2,246 

36,748 
880,158 
36,657 
181,968 
182 
985 

24,140 
454, 11.8 
924,463 



81,374 

67,028 

174,964,647 

4,912 
22,576 
12,107 
18,833 

8,600 

33,562 

42,546,079 

22,715 

6,302 

2,688 

1,279 

578 

39,558 

8,855,366 

24,474 

14,158 

926 

41,931 

93,453,472 

10,989 

7,829 

5,933 

7,395 

5,370 

2,779 

1,067 

452 

117 

42,037 

17,623,419 

15,680 

20,325 

3,268 

2,764 



78,680 

36,903,655 

17,242 

36,174 

16,472 

8,542 

250 



774,018,298 
9,399 

209,317,353 
74,495,888 
38,647,411 

48,096,781 
48,077,273 

564,700,945 

80,370,901 

408,684,430 



11,112 

196,548 

11,081 

32,203 

101 

267 

2,211 

81,908 
2,201 

89,931 

52 

2,246 

29,991 

816,873 
29,935 

169,615 
137 
951 

21 534 
428,944 
876,948 



56,675 

49,536 

166,626,663 

1,166 

10,410 

11,029 

18,372 

8,559 

25,068 

39,944,002 

14,775 

5,921 

2,583 

1,222 

567 

30,567 

7,721,553 

17,188 

12,505 

874 

36,994 

89,594,739 
7,962 
6,707 
5,542 
7,170 

5,258 

2,765 

1,056 

428 

106 

33,541 

16,835,047 

9,442 

18,252 

3,151 

2,696 



55,873 

33,871,663 

4,196 

27,261 

15,806 

8,367 

243 



748,591,476 
13,189 

197,667,020 
68,298,691 
37,236,101 
45,555,336 
46,576,892 

550,924,456 

77,522,186 

403,847,813 

69,554,457 



5,383 

79,997 

5,373 

13,353 

40 

200 

971 
24,109 

971 

26,217 

21 

212 

16,149 

336,522 

16,109 

66,998 

96 

228 

11,499 

210,650 
429,196 



34, 515 

29,681 

96,852,808 

864 

7,043 

6,806 

10,404 

4,564 

14,528 

20,951,769 

9,024 

3,227 

1,358 

627 

292 

17,571 

4,163,816 

10,413 

6,720 

438 

20,632 
42,201,879 
4,962 
3,931 
3,180 
4,031 

2,533 

1,352 

429 

168 

46 

18,866 

7,375,668 

6,240 

10,091 
1,355 
1,180 



33,837 

17,081,267 

3,541 

18,301 

8,427 

3,475 

93 



384,534,426 
11,117 
93,667,626 
25,222,267 
12,351,438 
25,515,735 
30,578,186 

290,866,800 

57,787,663 

197,110,788 

35,968,349 



5,092 

103,349 

5,076 

16,648 

51 
50 

1,031 
51,361 

1,021 

56,390 

31 

2,034 



12,114 

419,998 

12,098 

88,875 

34 

684 

8,971 
197,631 
408,527 



18,867 

17,098 

60,697,514 

251 

2,758 

3,561 

6,941 

3,587 

8,992 

15,648,390 

4,972 

2,309 

1,023 

475 

213 

11,314 

3,136,667 

5,881 

5,030 

403 

14,135 
38,422,603 
2,520 
2,421 
2,019 
2,752 

2,400 

1,260 

523 

204 

36 

12,702 
7,389,600 
2,664 
7,187 
1,608 
1,243 



18,784 

14,476,352 

445 

7,403 

6,438 

4,385 

113 



311,447,802 
16,499 

84,057,279 
38,141,236 
21,949,631 
16,876,365 
7,090,047 

227,390,523 
16,299,598 
181,168,981 

29,921,944 



43 

1,742 

43 

367 



38 

1,912 

38 

1,851 



173 

14,969 

173 

4,420 

2 

36 

119 
4,040 
6,722 



385 
281 
1,652,708 
1 
73 
46 
72 
89 

155 

416,217 

82 

39 

17 



156 

53,900 

63 

86 

7 

339 

5,137,505 

30 

30 

2 

36 

69 
60 
51 
39 
22 

221 
1,162,568 
28 
79 
25 
89 



385 
579,984 

30 
132 

75 
122 

26 



15,627,947 
40,592 

10,582,378 

1,126,330 

450,057 

1,786,116 

7,219,875 

5,045,569 
1,258,870 
3,079,777 



706,922 



NEW YORK 



121 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

PeiU are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop-share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME-Continued 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing materials 
used during the year— Continued 
Crops on which used- Continued 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Irish potatoes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Dry materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

All other croos farms reporting.. 

acres,. 

Dry materials .farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Liquid materials farms reporting.. 

tons.. 

Lime or liming materials used during the year farms reporting.. 

acres limed. . 
tons.. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

.Any of the following specified expenditures farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting., 

dollars. . 

Under *100 farms reporting. . 

S100 to $999 farms reporting. . 

51,000 to SI, 999 farms reporting.. 

S2.000 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 or more .farms reporting. . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Under 51,000 farms reporting.. 

51,000 to 52, 199 farms reporting.. 

52,500 to 54,999 farms reporting.. 

55,000 to $9,999 farms reporting. . 

510,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $200 farms reporting. . 

$300 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 or more farms reporting. . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under 5200 farms reporting.. 

$200 to 5499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to S999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to 52,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. . 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms reporting.. 

510,000 to 519,999 farms reporting.. 

520,000 to 549,999 farms reporting.. 

550,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Under $100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $499 farm9 reporting.. 

5500 to 5999 farms reporting.. 

51,000 or more farms reporting.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil for the farm business farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Under 5100 farms reporting.. 

5100 to $499 farms reporting.. 

5500 to S999 farms reporting., 

51,000 to 54,999 farms reoorting. , 

55,000 or more farms reporting., 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BV SOURCE 

All farm products sold .total, dollars . . 

average per farm, dollars . . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits and nuts, sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Forest products and horticultural specialty products sold dollars . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 
than poultry and dairy, sold dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



304 

6,730 

299 

1,067 

10 

17 

125 
3,580 

125 
4,262 



859 

25,300 

859 

5,874 

5 

3 

523 

9,453 

19,103 



1,558 

1,267 

4,270,230 

25 

196 

291 

540 

215 

799 
1,985,145 
316 
221 
140 
81 
41 

739 

169,805 

406 

322 

11 

1,058 
2,679,530 
200 
175 
206 
205 

151 
63 
41 
16 

1 

980 
676,204 
245 
500 
87 
148 



1,537 

1,057,810 

80 

740 

446 

262 

9 



22,191,610 
14,244 

6,497,486 
2,511,775 
1,705,620 
886,352 
1,393,739 

15,694,124 
1,240,254 
12,878,885 

• 1,574,985 



60 

1,280 

60 

192 



150 

6,120 

150 

799 



65 
1,190 
2,260 



210 

175 

460,890 

30 
65 
55 
25 

85 
96,785 
50 
20 
10 
5 



150 

52,195 

60 

85 

5 

120 
277,040 
20 
15 
30 
25 

10 
15 

5 



160 

4S,375 

25 

105 

25 

5 



210 
120,260 
10 
90 
85 
25 



2,854,298 
13,592 

463,169 
293,741 

41,380 
114,525 

13,523 

2,391,129 

8,485 

2,196,735 

185,909 



50 
710 

50 
123 



2,055 

80 

425 



55 

515 

1,090 



140 

100 

280,285 

30 
35 
25 
10 

40 

102,900 
15 
15 

10 



60 

19,510 

20 

40 



85 
99,045 
20 
25 
5 
15 

20 



85 

32,510 

30 

45 

5 

5 



135 

63,190 

5 

70 

55 

5 



1,388,124 
9,915 

282,098 

193,873 

69,325 

12,400 

6,500 

1,106,026 
208,081 
815,915 



80 
,570 

80 
213 



205 

5,145 

205 

726 



105 
1,755 
3,010 



370 
370 

815,465 
15 
85 
90 
155 
25 

110 

192,530 

75 

20 

10 



255 

64,380 
135 

115 
5 

235 
210,370 
65 
55 
45 
40 

30 



220 
41,650 

85 
115 

20 



370 
183,955 

15 
190 
135 

30 



4,038,063 
10,914 

511,324 
227,575 

73,750 
189,499 

20,500 

3,526,739 

39,704 

3,121,730 

365,305 



100 

1,170 

100 

240 



36 

906 

36 

1,191 



261 
6,764 

261 
1,498 



197 
3,710 
7,040 



630 
564 
1,596,763 
10 
195 
135 
180 
44 

359 
550,266 
241 
70 
25 
16 
7 

322 

61,280 

210 

107 

5 

390 
566,767 

145 
55 
55 
66 

45 

15 
7 

1 
1 

307 
108,472 
125 
130 
26 
26 



615 

308,845 

70 

335 

145 

63 

2 



6,509,206 
10,332 

1,605,660 
581,894 
594,900 
174,344 
254,522 

4,903,546 

679,531 

3,475,002 

749,013 



122 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



[torn 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



All tenants 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and Calves farms reporting. . 

number. , 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting. , 

number.. 
Milk cows ■ farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting., 

number.. 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms rerjorting., 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves— 

1 head farms reporting.. 

2 to 4 head farms retorting.. 

5 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 10 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

TO to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 to 190 head farms reporting. . 

500 or more head farms reporting.. 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

GO to 29 head farms reporting.. 

X9 to 49 head farms reporting. . 

59 to 74 head farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 head fanns reporting. . 

100 or more head farms renorting. . 

Milk cows— 

1 head farms renorting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting. . 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms renorting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting. . 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Bom before June 1 farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Slieep and lambs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Sheeo 1 year old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Ewes farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Rams and wethers farms reporting, . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

dollars. . 
flogs and pigs sold alive .farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars. . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

dollars. . 

Milk and cream sold 1 farms reporting.. 

pounds . 

dol I ars . . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 

dollars. . 

Litters farrowed December 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting. . 

number of litters.. 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. . 

X to 9 litters farms renorting.. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting.. 

20 to 39 litters farms reporting.. 

40 tou9 litters farms reporting.. 

70 or more litters farms reporting.. 

JuneS to November XO farms reporting.. 

number of litters.. 

December 1 to June 1 farms reporting.. 

numbor of litters,. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



60,273 
2,075,2*3 

56,079 
1,253,862 

53,575 
1,206,337 

54,278 
714,089 

38,600 
107,292 



1,642 

5,662 

5,782 

8,690 

24,481 

11,865 

2,137 

14 



5,027 
11,175 
11,618 
12,017 
11,889 
3,379 
563 
411 



4,916 
10,012 
11,160 
11,751 
11,613 
3,227 
533 
363 

18,096 
44,573 

15,081 
170,356 
7,853 
95,240 
10,709 
75,116 

4,652 
217,891 

3,645 
86,929 

4,211 
130,962 

4,074 
123,125 

2,969 

7,837 

32,033 
11,801,709 



54,888 

1,024,751 

67,255,003 

4,925 

155,880 

4,832,280 

3,276 

139,672 

1,955,408 

44,983 

9,359,099,833 

408,684,430 

14,707 

16,072,324 

17,976 

135,701,813 

50,209,674 



3,968 

27,471 

1,758 

1,456 

467 

191 

59 

37 

3,094 

13,231 

2,932 

14,240 



46,004 
1,950,626 

44,633 
1,207,738 

43,586 
1,169,991 

42,736 
655,414 

30,693 

87,474 



521 

1,315 

1,576 

5,252 

23,407 

11,807 

2,113 

13 



1,414 

4,342 

10,777 

11,910 

11,868 

3,361 

557 

404 



1,453 

4,144 

10,590 

11,710 

11,596 

3,210 

527 

356 

12,637 
30,729 

9,545 
127,446 
4,936 
71,665 
6,800 
55,781 

2,612 
160,430 

2,137 
68,548 

2,366 
91,882 

2,279 
86,718 

1,700 

5,164 

21,869 

10,901,394 



44,776 

976,390 

62,837,565 

2,867 

126,014 

3,906,434 

1,852 

109,400 

1,531,600 

41,524 

9,245,470,106 

403,847,813 

10,949 

15,685,518 

12,805 

129,389,577 

47,874,145 



2,477 

21,090 

978 

864 

376 

176 

51 

32 

1,949 

9,984 

1,962 

11,106 



26,630 
992,545 

25,665 
619,255 

25,054 
600,291 

24,428 
327,804 

17,267 

45,486 



380 

975 

1,163 

3,805 

13,877 

5,653 

773 



1,028 
3,154 
7,084 
6,620 
6,025 
1,408 
237 
109 



1,041 
3,022 
6,977 
6,500 
5,879 
1,304 
232 
99 

7,515 
16,949 

5,274 
68,510 

2,672 
37,360 

3,710 
31,150 

1,389 
67,198 

1,150 
24,724 

1,265 
42,474 

1,208 

40,227 

908 

2,247 

137532" 
8,226,220 



25,813 

505,988 

32.651,113 

1,517 

68,458 

2,122,198 

981 

42,694 

597,716 

23,661 

4,573,321,965 

197,110,788 

7,112 

12,535,291 

8,185 

98,527,216 

36,455,072 



1,278 

11,325 

557 

416 

171 

82 

26 

26 

981 

5,166 

985 

6,159 



16,760 
842,262 

16,421 
514,078 

16,044 
498,120 

15,913 
292 ,072 

11,648 

36, 112 



120 

276 

358 

1,212 

8,119 

5,432 

1,236 

7 



305 
1,039 
3,147 
4,565 
5,052 
1,766 
287 
260 



331 

985 

3,067 

4,500 

4,936 

1,731 

268 

226 

4,505 
11,612 

3,653 
50,768 

1,927 
29,896 

2,653 
20,872 

1,110 
80,693 

890 
38,243 

993 
42,450 

963 
39,736 

709 
2,714 

7,247" 
2,222,535 



16,452 

412,578 

26,970,777 

1,136 

51,933 

1,609,923 

786 

59,193 

828,702 

15,478 

4,110,619,229 

181,168,981 

3,304 

2,348,342 

4,044 

25,467,965 

9,423,146 



1,007 

8,562 

344 

371 

184 

77 

25 

6 

824 



4,230 

826 I 
4,332 | 



230 
15,625 

219 
8,996 

196 
7,581 

206 
4,749 

185 
1,880 



6 
27 
26 

20 

75 

18 
11 
13 

100 
842 

75 
2,134 

40 
825 

64 
1,309 

17 
4,366 

16 
1,469 

17 
2,897 

17 
2,831 

17 

66 



137 
134,284 



217 

7,162 

618,261 

29 

968 

30,008 

15 

1,923 

26,922 

173 

59,109,873 

3,079,777 

101 

264,445 

105 

2,040,338 

754,925 



44 
325 
21 
10 
6 
7 



141 
34 
184 



NEW YORK 



123 



State Table 21.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a .sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Cattle and calves <»™s reporung. . 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Steers and bulls including steer and bull calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Farms reporting by number on hand: 
Cattle and calves- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 4 head farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

2D to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 bead farms reporting. . 

100 to 499 head farms reporting.. 

500 or more head farms reporting. . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved- 

1 head farms reporting. . 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting.. 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Milk cows- 

1 head .farms reporting.. 

2 to 9 head farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 head farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 head farms reporting.. 

SO to 49 head farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 head farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 head farms reporting., 

100 or more head farms reporting.. 

Horses and/Or mules fwrns reporting. , 

number.. 

HogS and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Bom since June 1 farms reporting. 

number. 
Bom before June 1 farms reporti ng . 

number. 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting . 

number. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep 1 year old and over farms reporting. 

number . 

Ewes farms reporting. 

number. 

Rams and wethers farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

dollars. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 

Hollars. 

Milk and cream sold * farms reporting. 

pounds 

dollars. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 

dollars. 

Litters fatrowed Decembei 1, 1958, 

to November 30, 1959 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

1 or 2 litters farms reporting. 

3 to 9 litters farms reporting. 

10 to 19 litters farms reporting. 

20 to 39 litters .farms reporting. 

40 to 69 litters farms reporting. 

70 or more litters farms reporting. 

June 2 to November 30 farms reporting. 

number of litters. 

December 1 to June 1 farm- reporting. 

number of litters. 

Sec footnotes at end of table. 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator— Continued 



Cash tenants 



1,217 
53,184 

1,201 
35,385 

1,175 
34,595 

1,102 

15,961 

796 

1,838 



5 
25 
15 
100 
675 
351 
46 



40 
35 
285 
320 
385 
112 
10 
14 



40 

25 

285 

315 

380 

107 

10 

13 

197 
466 

267 
3,006 

126 
1,576 

192 
1,430 

30 
3,060 

25 
1,905 

30 
1,155 

30 
1,125 

10 

30 

497 
201,650 



1,182 

27,455 

1,444,615 

95 

2,030 

62,930 

15 

2,455 

34,370 

1,155 

279,094,354 

12,878,885 

211 

455,677 

245 

2,114,765 

782,462 



62 
345 
26 
26 
10 



46 
141 

56 
204 



Share-cash tenants 



180 
9,415 

175 
5,725 

175 
5,710 

170 
3,395 

105 

295 



40 
140 

25 
245 

15 
150 

20 

95 

5 
170 

5 
85 

5 
85 

5 
80 

5 

5 

35 
1,085 



175 

4,040 

167,445 

10 

550 

17,050 

5 

85 

1,190 

175 

48,561,035 

2,196,735 

20 

6,712 

10 

1,750 

648 



Crop-share tenants 



105 
3,950 

105 
2,580 

105 

2,560 

95 

1,200 

85 

170 



25 
45 

35 
205 

25 
150 

15 

55 

5 
65 

5 
30 

5 
35 

5 
30 

5 

5 

40 
36,815 



100 

2,330 

75,030 

10 

195 

6,045 

5 

35 

490 

95 

18,989,535 

815,915 

20 

22,045 

15 

502,190 

185,811 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



360 
15,790 

360 
10,400 

350 
10,130 

350 
4,550 

275 

840 



25 
205 
120 



15 
10 
50 
135 
130 
20 



15 
5 

50 
130 
135 

15 



85 

170 

90 
1,330 

65 
925 

55 
405 

20 
1,560 

15 
440 

20 
1,120 

20 
1,090 

20 

30 

150 
12,290 



350 

7,365 

335,540 

25 

390 

12,090 

20 

925 

12,950 

345 

76,435,505 

3,121,730 

50 

2,418 

75 

98,745 

36,536 



35 
225 
15 

15 



30 
165 
20 

1,0 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



522 
17,855 

487 
11,319 

487 
11,004 

472 
5,683 

332 

853 



10 
20 
35 
70 
280 
107 



20 

65 

105 

160 

121 
15 

1 



20 

70 
110 
160 
111 

15 
1 



170 
505 

126 

1,248 

66 

783 

91 

465 

36 
3,318 

31 
1,652 

31 
1,666 

31 
1,599 

26 

67 

231 
66,515 



487 

9,472 

574,784 

45 

1,490 

46,190 

25 

2,090 

29,260 

442 

79,338,610 

3,475,002 

131 

50,588 

126 

636,608 

235,545 



31 

228 

10 

11 

5 

5 



21 
106 

26 
122 



124 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See LextJ 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



All tenants 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. , 

acres. . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting. . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales. .farms reporting. . 

bushels.. 

Barley harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 
Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons . . . 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting... 

acres. . 
tons, green weight... 

Red c ! over seed harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

acres 2 . . 
hundredweight. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . . 

Sales dollars . . . 

Strawberries farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
quarts. . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees 3 



-farms reporting, 
acres. 



39,157 
648,141 

18,123 

13,476 

5,887 

1,144 

236 

291 

19,218 

232,014 

13,439,425 

5,933 

5,674,976 

16,762 

248,031 

7,493,387 

14,537 

6,793,111 

39,545 

630,455 

33,731,236 

8,117 

5,636,111 

2,706 

26,372 

795,658 

878 

291,635 

1,334 

16,049 

372,921 

792 

255,906 

1,792 

16,792 

280,733 

952 

199,578 

3,521 
86,748 
883,881 



3,009,405 

30,514 

939,924 

2,119,960 

4,716 

187,204 

42,485 

1,549,590 

2,597,046 

6,404 

223,607 

5,048 

37,688 

67,998 

122 

1,205 

12,329 

332,506 

487,719 

1,855 

52,847 

8,947 
149,697 
972,449 

994 
12,280 
20,639 



8,884 

85,132 

16,268,245 

8,276 

38.647,411 

27594" 

3,244 

7,797,522 



10,352 
180,893 



33,983 
616,270 

13,613 

12,924 

5,803 

1,122 

235 

286 

15,331 

210,735 

12,365,610 

4,706 

5,229,071 

12,642 

211,755 

6,518,085 

11,013 
5,926,816 

33,112 

580,103 

31,545,329 

5,661 

4,733,946 

2,271 

23,347 

723,133 

747 

265,835 

1,133 

14,900 

345,836 

696 

234,916 

1,067 

10,342 

173,543 

532 

117,623 

2,855 

81,034 
836,491 



2,684,057 

25,808 

878,807 

2,010,195 

3,250 

156,678 

32,274 

1,354,781 

2,337,187 

3,345 

162,611 

4,362 

34,627 

63,840 

72 

795 

8,656 

269,461 

421,536 

693 

32,156 

8,716 
146,381 
953,104 

829 

10,900 
18,339 



5,739 

83,414 

16,068,862 

5,857 

37,236,101 

1,426 

2,778 

7,208,632 



6,626 
162,076 



17,764 
257,254 

8,638 

6,610 

2,044 

373 

71 

28 

7,040 

77,978 

4,666,540 

2,193 

1,933,840 

6,279 

89,100 

2,686,099 

5,337 

2,400,686 

18,173 

275,589 

14,689,471 

2,961 

2,161,572 

975 

8,186 

259,935 

293 

76,330 

425 

4,405 

106,631 

274 

71,486 

563 
4,843 
88,850 

261 
61,300 

1,185 
23,810 
238,410 



1,416,513 

13,165 

409,586 

922,189 

1,653 

81,857 

19,374 

778,376 

1,337,530 

2,147 

106,257 

2,547 

20,037 

35,615 

51 

620 

4,752 

141,673 

230,032 

457 

22,168 

4,163 

66,841 

437,251 

420 
5,285 
9,591 



3,202 

24,729 

5,029,350 

2,858 

12,351,438 

789 

926 

1,709,266 



4,138 
93,773 



14,145 
316,264 

4,275 

5,470 

3,332 

697 

146 

225 

7,272 

117,311 

6,817,995 

2,152 

2,880,552 

5,649 

108,492 

3,376,185 

5,003 

3,092,112 

13,110 

270,903 

15,007,213 

2,349 

2,298,938 

1,133 

13,133 

402,245 

389 

164,630 

615 

8,538 

200,120 

364 

133,869 

441 
4,585 
69,273 

245 
46,648 

1,429 
50,674 
542,666 



11,042 

413,698 

959,837 

1,387 

65,931 

11,154 

500,569 

868,795 

1,032 

48,291 

1,547 

11,992 

23,525 

16 

155 

3,422 

113,249 

169,179 

200 

8,858 

4,062 

71,715 

466,795 

364 
5,050 
7,508 



2,134 

51,778 

9,763,629 

2,602 

21.949,631 

560 

1,734 

5,308,001 



2,144 
57,662 



189 
5,269 

45 
89 
27 
16 
2 
10 

90 

1,666 

107,590 

45 

60,254 

60 
1,943 
67,266 

59 
65,658 

146 

3,598 

198,060 

26 

17,756 

17 
190 

5,158 



32 

687 

10,450 

12 

4,016 

2 
29 
295 



20 
820 

5,900 



21,158 

145 

7,825 

18,453 

30 

2,945 

145 

10,336 

17,617 

9 

848 



12 
313 

700 



32 

1,249 

2,080 

1 

20 

53 
1,435 
7,133 



57 

2,330 

418,428 

46 

450,057 

7 

4 

8,000 



5,565 I 



1,885 
37,483 

655 
755 
400 
36 
16 
23 

929 
13,780 
773,485 

316 
354,425 

654 

12,220 

388,535 

614 
368,360 

1,683 
30,013 

1,650,585 

325 

255,680 

146 

1,838 

55,795 

65 

24,875 

a 

1,270 

28,635 

46 

25,545 

61 

885 

15,125 

26 

9,675 

221 

5,730 

49,515 



135,163 

1,456 

47,698 

109,716 

180 

5,945 

1,601 

65,500 

113,245 

157 

7,215 

256 

2,285 

4,000 

5 

20 

450 

13,290 

20,245 

35 

1,110 

438 

6,390 

41,925 

45 

565 

1,240 



346 

4,577 

857,455 

351 

2,484,975 

70 

114 

183,365 



255 
5,076 



Z Reported in small fractions. 
Includes milJf equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 

Does not include acreage for farms with less than 10 hundredweight harvested. 
Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees and grapevines. 



NEW YORK 



125 



State Table 21. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See texl 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commercial farms by tenure of operator — Continued 



Cash tenants 



Share-cash tenants 



Crop- share tenants 



Livestock-share 
tenants 



Other and unspecified 
tenants 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 or more acres farms reporting . . 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Wheat harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Oats harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

Barley harvested farms reporting. . 

acres., 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

bushels . . 

Rye harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
bushels . . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

buehels . . 

Buckwheat harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

bushels. . 

Dry field and seed beans 

harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
100-lb. bags.. 

Hay crops: 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay and for dehydrating farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tone. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting . . 

tons. . 

Other hay cut farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
tons. . 

Sales farms reporting. . 

tons. , 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains farms reporting. , 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. , 

acres. , 
bushels . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . 

acres 2 . 
hundredweight . , 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . 

Sales dollars . . 

Strawberries farms reporting. . 

acres. , 
quarts. . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees 3 farms reporting. . 

acres.. 



1,000 
22,908 

320 

380 

240 

31 

6 

23 

474 

9,130 

518,135 

181 

270,30 I 

319 

6,930 

228,675 

304 

216,440 

791 

14,370 

811,705 

170 

137,660 

71 

1,023 

31,670 

35 

12,950 

46 
1,080 
24,875 

31 
22,145 

26 

345 

7,325 

6 

5,300 



121 

3,080 
26,875 



785 

26,470 

61,830 

95 

3,455 

825 

31,930 

57,205 

96 

5,540 

171 

1,570 

2,885 

5 

20 

250 

7,225 

10,500 

20 

315 

207 
3,380 
21,960 



25 
260 
565 



210 

3,596 

621,805 

231 

1,705,620 

60 

111 

181,325 



125 
2,778 



165 
3,715 

35 
60 
65 



110 

1,375 

74,725 

30 

35,050 

70 
1.565 
45,765 

70 
45,765 

155 

3,520 

191,130 

50 

46,425 

25 

335 

8,625 

10 
4,900 



15 

340 

3,900 

5 

1,400 

40 
1,285 



135 

6,245 

14,350 

20 

830 

90 
2,120 
3,880 

10 
200 



15 
75 
115 



50 
1,655 
3,370 



30 

525 

3,765 

10 
165 
285 



10 

32 

4,230 

25 
41,380 



20 
455 



1,295 

30 
35 
15 



50 

505 

32,465 

5 

5,000 

55 

765 

29,060 

50 
27,205 

90 

1,705 

108,745 

45 

43,095 

15 

230 

7,150 

10 
5,525 



5 

75 

1,250 

5 

625 

15 

550 

6,195 



5,945 

65 
1,745 
5,805 

20 
605 



3,185 

6,770 

10 

260 

25 
165 
315 



20 

660 

1,085 

5 

500 

20 

190 

1,290 



10 

10 

1,205 

25 
69,325 



10 

170 



300 
4,745 

105 
150 
45 



145 

1,225 

64,625 

55 

19,150 

105 
1,790 
51,085 

100 
48,315 

325 

5,990 

310,655 

35 

18,700 

15 

140 

5,500 



10 

50 

400 



25 

485 
,905 



22,550 

215 

6,295 

13,470 

10 

250 

240 

12,790 

21,910 

25 

840 

15 
300 
315 



40 

1,875 

2,740 

5 

175 

90 
1,290 
7,760 

10 
140 
390 



25 
10 
450 

30 
73,750 

5 

2 

1,040 



25 

710 



340 
4,820 

165 

130 

35 

5 

5 

150 

1,545 

83,535 

45 

24,925 

105 

1,170 

33,950 

90 

30,635 

322 

4,428 

228,350 

25 

9,800 

20 

110 

2,850 

10 

1,500 

15 

190 

3,760 

15 
3,400 

5 

75 

2,250 

5 
2.100 

20 

330 

2,525 



256 

6,943 

14,261 

35 

805 

366 

15,475 

23,480 

16 

375 

30 
175 
370 



90 

1,875 

2,550 

5 

120 

91 
1,005 
7,150 



91 
929 

229,765 

40 
594,900 

5 

1 
1,000 



75 
963 



126 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 22.-CASH RENT PAID BY CASH TENANTS AND SHARE-CASH TENANTS BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM- 
CENSUS OF 1959 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commerci a! 
farms 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Commerci a! 
farms 



CASH TENANTS 
All cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented from others operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented to others operators reporting 

acres 

Land in (arms of cash tenants acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Proportion of cash tenants 

reporting value percent 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

Cash tenants reporting both value ot land and 
buildings and amount of cash rent paid number 

Proportion of ali cash tenants percent 

All land rented from others acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Average per S100 of value of land 
and buildings .dollars 



1,979 

10 

950 

1,979 

318,809 

45 

1,670 

318,089 
160.7 

28,645 
179.03 



1,793 
141,226 



1,606 

81.2 

253,969 

158.1 

28,773 
181.95 

1,267 
8.01 



1,558 

10 

950 

1,558 

292,024 

35 

1,470 

291,504 
187.1 

33,420 
180.18 

84.9 
1,492 

133,461 



1,291 

82.9 

236,639 

183.3 

33,584 
183.22 

1,470 
8.02 



421 

26,785 

10 

200 

26, 585 
63.1 

9,517 
164.38 

78.4 

301 

7,765 



315 

74.8 

17,330 

55.0 

9,060 
164.67 



435 
7.92 



SHAKE-CASH TENANTS 

All share-cash tenants number 

Land owned operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented from others operators reporting 

acres 

Land rented to othors operators reporting 

acres 

Land in farms of share-cash tenants acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

\verage per farm dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Proportion of share-cash tenants 

reporting value percent 

Cropland harvested /arms reporting 

acres 

Share-cash tenants reporting both value of land and 
buildings and amount of cash rent paid number. 

Proportion of all share-cash tenants percent 

Al I I and rented from oUiers acres 

Average per operator acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

\verage per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Cash rent paid: 

Average per operator dollars 

Average per acre dollars 

Average per ?1[I0 of value of land 
and buildings dollars 



225 
49,120 

10 
55 

49,065 
218.1 

34,483 

143.70 

86.7 
225 

22,800 



155 

68.9 

37,165 

239.8 

37,740 
157 .40 

771 
3.22 



210 

48,455 

10 

55 

48,400 
230.5 

36,239 
148.65 

88.1 

210 

22,380 



145 

69.0 

37,045 

255.5 

40,205 
157.37 



812 
3.18 



665 
44.3 



2,000 
166.67 



66.7 

15 

420 



10 
66.7 
120 

12.0 

2,000 
166.67 

178 
14.79 



State Table 23. -SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED TOTALS FOR COUNTY AND STATE BY NUMBER OF 

FARMS REPORTING, BY LEVELS 



If the estimated number of 
farms reporting Is — 



25... 
50... 
100.. 
250... 
500. . . 
1,000, 
2,500. 



Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 



Level 
l 1 



40 

28 

20 

13 
8.9 
6.3 
4.0 



Level 
2 



53 

37 

26 

17 

12 
8.4 
5.3 



Level 
3 



71 
50 
35 
22 
16 
11 
7.1 



96 
68 
48 
30 
21 
15 
9.6 



If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 



5,000.. 
10,000. 
25,000. 
50,000. 
100,000 
250,000 



Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 



Level 
l 1 



2.8 
2.0 
1.3 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 



Level 
2 



3.7 
2.6 
1.7 
1.2 
0.8 
0.5 



Level 
3 



5.0 
3.5 
2.2 
1.6 

1.1 
0.7 



6.8 
4.3 
3.0 
2.1 
1.5 
1.0 



1 Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reliability of estimated number of farms and farms reporting. The level for all other items should be obtained from State 
Table 24. If the estimated number of farms or farms reporting constitutes more than 75 percent of all farms in the universe, a better approximation to the sampling reliability 
may be obtained by multiplying the percent given in the table as follows : 

1. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 75 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.50. 

2. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 90 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.30. 

3. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 95 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.20. 



NEW YORK 



127 



State Table 24.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY AND STATE TOTALS 

FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS 



[To determine the sampling reliability for b 



item, use this tnble to determine which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability to use in State Table 2.T. To use State Table 23, 
to obtain the number of farms reporting for the item J 



i necessary to refer also to county or Suite lahle 



















TpnurtMjf-fiini- 




























^iz(*-of-faim group 




opernlor group 


Economio-class-of-fanti 


group 


Typ<Mjf-fnnn group 




































g 








Si 
5-5 

2 5 


Item 
















8f 












| 






1 


1 






1* 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 
















3 

E 












g 






_* 


i 






11 








S 


* 


1 


1 


1 


1 
> 


i 


S 


1 
3 

c 




s 


g 






o 

1 


1 






111 






3 


© 

3 


s 

i 


§ 


I 


S 


O 


o 

s 


i 
i 

5 


a 


3 



5 




3 

3 
o 


i 

<3 


8 


— 

> 


a 

Q 


o 


-3 cS 
3SS 


Farms and (arm characteristics: 












































Land in firms 


acres 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Value of land and buildings per farm 


dollars 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Cropland harvested 


acres 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


Total cropland 


. , . . acres . . . 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Total pastureland 


acres 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 


2 


3 


2 




1 


3 


1 


2 


2 


Impaled land in farms 


acres . . . 


3 


2 


3 


2 


3 


3 


2 


2 


3 


2 


3 


2 


3 


3 




3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


Commercial tertilizer; 












































Land on which commercial fertilizer was used 


acres 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 




2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


Farm labor: 












































Regular hired workers employed 150 or more days 


persons , 


2 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Specified (arm expenditures: 












































Feed for livestock and poultry 


dollars 


2 


4 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 


1 


2 


1 


1 


2 


3 


2 




2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


Purchase of livestock and poultry 


dollars . . . 


3 


4 


4 


3 


2 


1 


4 


3 


2 


2 


2 


4 


4 


3 




3 


3 


3 


2 


4 


Machine hire 


dollars 


3 


4 


3 


3 


2 


1 


4 


2 


2 


3 


2 


4 


2 


2 




3 


3 


2 


2 


2 


Hi red 1 abor 


dollars . . . 


3 


4 


3 


3 


2 


2 


4 


3 


4 


2 


2 


3 


3 


2 




3 


3 


3 


3 


3 


Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 


dollars 


4 


4 


4 


4 


3 


3 


4 


4 


4 


3 


4 


3 


4 


3 




2 


4 


1 


2 


3 


Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for the farm business 


dollars 


1 


4 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Livestock and livestock products: 












































Cattle and calves on hand 


number . . . 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


Cows, including heifers that have calved, on hand 


number 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 


2 




1 


3 


1 


2 


3 


Hogs and pigs on hand 


number . 


3 


2 


3 


3 


4 


3 


4 


3 


2 


4 


3 


4 


3 


3 




3 


2 


4 


3 


3 


Sheep and lambs on hand 


number 


3 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


2 


3 


3 


2 


3 


3 


2 


3 




3 


3 


2 


3 


2 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand 


. number . . . 


4 


4 


4 


4 


4 


2 


4 


4 


4 


3 


4 


4 


4 


2 




4 


2 


3 


2 


3 


Calves sold alive 


number 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


3 




1 


2 


1 


2 


3 


Catlle, not counting calves, sold alive 


number , . . 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




number 
number . . 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 

2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


1 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 




2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 




2 




number 
. . . . .number . . . 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 
X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 
X 


4 

X 


2 

X 


4 

X 




4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 

X 


4 


Broilers sold 


X 


Other chickens sold 


number 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


2 


4 


3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


2 




4 


4 


3 


2 


2 


Chicken eggs sold .... 


dozens 


4 


3 


3 


4 


4 


2 


4 


3 


4 


3 


3 


3 


3 


2 




4 


2 


3 


2 


3 




dollars 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 




1 


3 


1 


2 


2 


Specified crops harvested: 
















































1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 




2 


3 


1 


3 


2 






2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


3 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 




2 


1 


2 


3 


2 




bushels . , . 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 




2 


1 


2 


2 


2 






2 
2 


1 
2 


1 

1 


1 
2 


1 
2 


2 
3 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


2 
2 


1 
2 


2 
2 




2 
2 


2 
2 


2 

2 


1 
2 


2 




bushels . . . 


2 






1 

1 


2 
2 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 
1 


2 
2 


1 
2 


2 
2 


1 
2 


1 
2 


1 
2 


2 
2 


1 
2 




1 
1 


2 
2 


1 
1 


2 
2 


2 




bushels . . . 


2 




acres 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




1 


2 


1 


2 


2 




tons.. . 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
















































1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 




2 


2 


1 


2 


2 




tons . ■ . 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


2 


1 




1 


2 


1 


1 


2 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
















































2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




tons. ■ . 


2 


3 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 






2 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




tons. . . 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 
















































2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 




tons . . . 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


2 


2 






4 


3 


3 


4 


3 


4 


3 


4 


4 


3 


3 


3 


2 


4 




3 


3 


2 


4 


2 



Chapter B 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

(129) 



130 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: 

[Data for items shown in italics are based on 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations 


see test) 


The State 


Albany 


Allegany 


Bronx 


Broome 


Cattaraugus 


Cayuga 


Chautauqua 




FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 


















1 






82,356 


964 


1,718 


8 


1,424 


2,254 


2,093 


3,784 


2 




1954 . . . 


105,714 


1,175 


2,180 


13 


2,022 


3,040 


2,491 


4,621 


3 


Decrease in farms riue to chance in 


























3,668 


60 


104 




87 


118 


75 


153 


4 




acres 1059 


30,680,960 


339,840 


670,720 


27,520 


454,400 


854,400 


447,360 


691,200 














44.0 


40.0 


50.8 


0.3 


53.4 


46.2 


73.3 


62.2 


6 






13,489,516 


136,013 


340, 509 


71 


242, 539 


394,919 


328,052 


429,836 








7 




1954 . . . 


15,070,832 


152,088 


388,142 


174 


282,864 


465,518 


325,168 


470,572 


8 






163.8 


141.1 


198.2 


8.9 


170.3 


175.2 


156.7 


113.6 








9 


Value of land and buildings: 


1954 . . . 


142.6 


129.4 


178.0 


13.4 


139.9 


153.1 


130.5 


101.8 


10 




. dollars 1959 


23,329 


24,536 


11,840 




19,148 


16,144 


22,283 


18,864 








11 




I9SI, . . . 


15,180 


17,431 


9,027 




12,963 


10,445 


13,103 


11,805 


12 






145.05 


186.48 


62.95 




112.88 


90.20 


137.63 


165.77 








13 




19Si . . . 


107.32 


150.39 


49.34 




95.63 


68.69 


96.66 


116.99 


14 




percent 1959... 


85 


79 


88 




91 


87 


85 


93 


15 


Land in farms according to use: 


1951,... 


81 


72 


81 




83 


88 


75 


83 


16 






75,830 


834 


1,563 


5 


1,316 


2,076 


1,935 


3,614 


17 




1954 . . . 


94,968 


1,042 


2,000 


10 


1,778 


2,785 


2,210 


4,239 


18 




acres 1959 .. . 


5,032,671 


50,693 


98,265 


51 


72, 347 


110,947 


165,347 


140,573 


ID 




1951,, . 


5,546,506 


57,920 


117,422 


141 


83,547 


131,235 


166,183 


153,197 


20 




. farms reporting 1959, . . 


9,730 


138 


172 


4 


160 


225 


213 


873 


21 




1954,.. 


13,845 


160 


217 


7 


251 


380 


267 


949 


22 




. . farms reporting 1959 . . . 


7,783 


108 


189 




137 


223 


180 


616 


21 




1954... 


10,384 


133 


219 


1 


247 


327 


227 


733 


24 




. . farms reporting 1959 . . . 


6,813 


72 


137 




160 


243 


135 


475 


25 




1954 . . . 


9,373 


112 


190 




233 


335 


166 


617 


2fi 


30 to 49 Bcres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


12,826 


119 


248 


1 


275 


446 


264 


665 


27 




1954... 


17,729 


176 


396 


1 


366 


686 


314 


897 


28 


50 to 99 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


22,759 


240 


509 




393 


678 


522 


720 


23 




1954... 


28,241 


308 


650 


1 


499 


810 


644 


819 


30 




. . farms reporting 1959 . . . 


12,869 


122 


269 




165 


231 


456 


227 


31 




1954 . . . 


12,728 


126 


293 




155 


223 


477 


195 


82 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


2,856 


35 


38 




26 


30 


156 


34 


33 




1954 .. . 


2,506 


27 


35 




27 


23 


107 


25 


34 




. farms reportinp 1959. . . 


174 




1 








8 


4 


35 




1954 . . . 


145 










1 


7 


4 


36 




. farms reportinp 1959 . . . 


20 












1 




37 




1954 . . . 


17 












1 




38 




. farms reporting 1959 . . , 


35,704 


431 


838 




439 


778 


995 


1,186 


39 




1954 . . . 


42,709 


529 


913 




587 


946 


1,079 


1,519 


■K 




acres 1959 . . . 


1,281,330 


17,630 


26,966 




15,794 


25,103 


26,017 


29,150 


41 




1954 . . . 


1,409,174 


18, a4 


27,018 




20,169 


28,583 


25,689 


42,667 


1-' 


Cropland not harvested and not pasujred 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


26,082 


292 


752 


1 


262 


572 


812 


1,439 


(8 




1954 . . . 


36,547 


517 


800 


1 


570 


841 


999 


1,766 


44 




acres 1959... 


806,644 


8,943 


33,166 


15 


8,081 


22,362 


23,001 


31,568 


4T> 




1954 . . . 


900,687 


15,384 


26,434 


15 


14,324 


20,614 


20,026 


34,649 


46 




. farms reporting 1959. . . 


5,573 


31 


180 


1 


66 


151 


200 


278 


47 




acres 1959 .. . 


155,295 


633 


9,407 


15 


2,063 


5,791 


7,460 


4,625 


48 


Other cropland (idle and crop failure) 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


22,642 


274 


628 




216 


463 


693 


1,264 


ig 




acres 1959 . . . 


651,349 


8,310 


23,759 




6,018 


16,571 


15,541 


26,943 


50 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


25,341 


171 


808 




615 


1,061 


384 


1,269 


51 




1954... 


33, 530 


260 


1,088 




720 


1,468 


544 


1,772 


52 




acres 1959... 


975,645 


4,319 


33,027 




26,841 


40,703 


8,553 


43,303 


53 




1954... 


1,211,627 


5,816 


45,990 




28,692 


57,106 


11,855 


61,859 


r .l 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


44,867 


603 


1,137 




860 


1,176 


1,376 


1,750 


55 




1954... 


51,590 


683 


1,268 




1,071 


1,318 


1,453 


1,776 


56 




acres 1959 . . . 


2,035,021 


21,850 


62,489 




43,720 


65,722 


37,045 


71,417 


57 




1954... 


2,108,959 


23,441 


63, 670 




47,308 


67,848 


33,476 


59,070 


5ft 


Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). 


. farms reporting 1959. . . 


42,469 


386 


1,172 




1,043 


1,730 


1,003 


1,897 


59 




1954 . . . 


54,855 


457 


1,531 


1 


1,315 


2,227 


1,178 


2,329 


fin 




acres 1959... 


2,465,925 


21,065 


66,928 




65,032 


109,744 


32,347 


83,071 


61 




1954... 


3,071,814 


22,580 


86,975 


12 


79,680 


142,661 


36,196 


96,216 


62 




. farms reporting 1959 


9,345 


73 


319 




217 


562 


163 


471 


63 




1954... 


9,999 


81 


311 




222 


684 


195 


421 


64 




acres 1959 .. . 


218,063 


1,561 


6,543 




4,502 


12,938 


3,463 


8,403 


65 




1954 . . . 


186,041 


1,464 


5,393 




3,473 


11,298 


3,668 


7,137 


60 


Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, ete.) 


acres 1959 . . . 


892,280 


11,513 


19,668 


5 


10,724 


20,338 


35,742 


30,754 


67 




1954 . . . 


822,065 


8,733 


20,633 


6 


9,144 


17,471 


31,743 


22,914 


fiK 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


78,867 


899 


1,673 


5 


1,357 


2,168 


2,030 


3,686 


69 




1954... 


100,778 


1,128 


2,088 


10 


1,904 


2,919 


2,384 


4,459 


70 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


64,327 


671 


1,554 




1,269 


2,060 


1,535 


2,651 


71 




1954... 


82,627 


837 


1,967 


1 


1,710 


2,720 


1,774 


3,445 


72 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


58,621 


689 


1,458 




1,159 


1,792 


1,537 


2,534 


73 




1954 . . . 


71,947 


806 


1,793 




1,512 


2,278 


1,714 


3,043 


74 




. rms reporting 1959. .. 


1,741 


30 


3 


2 


7 


3 


12 


55 


75 




1954 . . . 


1,675 


20 


3 


7 


8 


8 


13 


52 


76 




acres 1959 .. . 


57,997 


466 


22 


2 


208 


53 


365 


1,009 


77 


Land-use practices: 


1954 . . . 


59,024 


254 


34 


7 


154 


173 


122 


943 


7* 




.farms reporting 1959 . . . 


5,239 


160 


91 




72 


87 


132 


207 


79 




acres 1959... 


142,240 


1,730 


1,066 




779 


757 


4,485 


3,850 


HI) 


Croplatul user/ for grain or row 
























.farms reporting 1959. . . 


3,457 


35 


178 




81 


161 


65 


130 


61 




acres 1959... 


91,629 


395 


7,684 




1,085 


2,405 


1,350 


2,095 


82 


Land in strip-cropping systems for 
























. farms reporting 1959 ... 


3,028 


35 


182 




51 


131 


150 


85 


83 




acres 1959. .. 


121,669 


575 


12,662 




1,275 


3,315 


6,315 


2,215 


84 


System of terraces on crop arul pasture land. . . 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


1,238 




132 




45 


75 


35 


80 


B5 




acres 1959... 


55,409 




9,442 




1,190 


4,325 


695 


2,275 



NEW YORK 



131 



CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 
























Chemung 


Chenango 


Clinton 


Columbia 


Cortland 


Delaware 


Dutchess 


Erie 


Essex 


Franklin 


Fulton 


Genesee 


Greene 




747 


1,889 


1,494 


1,235 


1,117 


2,468 


1,027 


2,725 


529 


1,293 


591 


1,585 


733 


1 


1,090 


2,280 


1,967 


1,440 


1,134 


2,865 


1,310 


3,963 


839 


1,771 


742 


1,944 


1,098 


? 


69 


50 


37 


86 


34 


70 


54 


137 


49 


44 


39 


79 


46 


3 


263,680 


581,120 


677,760 


411,520 


321,280 


940,800 


522,240 


674,560 


1,168,640 


1,078,400 


918,08 


320,640 


417,920 


4 


43.2 


64.6 


48.4 


56.2 


73.7 


59.8 


45.7 


43.0 


10.8 


22.6 


25.2 


74.6 


32.7 


5 


113,979 


375,581 


327,897 


231,315 


236,642 


562,806 


238,690 


289,889 


126,717 


244,054 


80, 308 


239,333 


136,459 




141,976 


392,419 


391,136 


242,711 


221,490 


602, 587 


268,046 


350,715 


172,429 


288,392 


87,596 


253,353 


165,007 


7 


152.6 


198.8 


219.5 


187.3 


211.9 


228.0 


232.4 


106.4 


239.5 


188.8 


135.9 


151.0 


186.2 


6 


130.3 


172.1 


198.8 


168.5 


195.3 


210.3 


204.6 


88.5 


205.5 


162.8 


118.1 


130.3 


150.3 


9 


19,390 


15,657 


18,042 


35,132 


19,230 


17,570 


64,020 


32,234 


16,662 


16,789 


18,501 


25,985 


25,780 


10 


8, 887 


11,317 


14,110 


21,262 


14,645 


12,466 


37,983 


19,143 


12,529 


9,543 


10,331 


16,628 


13,358 


11 


139.22 


80.22 


83.39 


187. 14 


90.39 


79.82 


278.47 


297.03 


73.35 


88.52 


132.76 


165.16 


139.81 


12 


78.93 


65.44 


73.61 


130.94 


76.93 


60.30 


220.64 


230.93 


68.37 


57.64 


89.92 


127.24 


96.82 


13 


90 


84 


90 


84 


84 


83 


85 


85 


88 


86 


94 


86 


94 


14 


91 


86 


86 


74 


87 


88 


68 


79 


85 


82 


89 


89 


82 


15 


635 


1,796 


1,387 


1,108 


1,012 


2,358 


899 


2,428 


473 


1,235 


517 


1,479 


649 


16 


894 


2,116 


1,838 


1,250 


1,048 


2,704 


1,128 


3,431 


708 


1,654 


628 


1,763 


941 


17 


35,882 


116.373 


92,451 


92,693 


75,717 


142,895 


83,027 


132,488 


32,789 


83,733 


27,294 


125,141 


37,478 


18 


41,979 


120,067 


112,331 


92,310 


72,115 


151,313 


91,301 


156,497 


35,113 


92,474 


29,081 


129,363 


46,433 


19 


104 


116 


78 


170 


79 


114 


146 


506 


59 


74 


94 


126 


78 


20 


190 


184 


131 


160 


90 


152 


150 


849 


158 


158 


120 


221 


128 


21 


99 


133 


117 


98 


60 


161 


65 


341 


55 


101 


66 


190 


69 


22 


154 


176 


160 


125 


67 


161 


99 


485 


95 


177 


74 


198 


96 


23 


61 


173 


126 


71 


75 


198 


39 


261 


49 


102 


43 


119 


60 


24 


97 


209 


175 


92 


87 


267 


80 


381 


87 


153 


75 


154 


116 


25 


104 


384 


268 


132 


185 


572 


111 


407 


88 


242 


78 


224 


138 


26 


147 


497 


431 


173 


191 


756 


153 


581 


112 


379 


114 


284 


223 


27 


150 


653 


528 


281 


373 


965 


222 


577 


117 


459 


155 


384 


193 


28 


197 


782 


665 


378 


395 


1,055 


319 


787 


156 


553 


182 


496 


281 


29 


100 


292 


242 


257 


198 


313 


216 


260 


73 


217 


73 


310 


99 


30 


90 


236 


239 


254 


185 


281 


235 


280 


79 


211 


57 


303 


82 


31 


16 


42 


23 


96 


40 


33 


94 


64 


29 


40 


8 


115 


11 


32 


19 


30 


33 


66 


32 


31 


88 


60 


20 


23 


6 


96 


15 


33 


1 


3 


5 


3 


2 


2 


6 


10 


3 






10 


1 


34 




2 


3 
1 


2 


1 


1 


3 
1 


7 
2 
1 


1 






10 
1 
1 




35 

36 
37 


404 


528 


543 


620 


365 


642 


547 


1,123 


207 


603 


370 


811 


321 


38 


416 


525 


600 


693 


330 


589 


681 


1,587 


311 


561 


285 


879 


377 


39 


12,197 


22,611 


23,959 


25,752 


11,271 


36,611 


30, 627 


26,865 


9,249 


22,074 


12,641 


25,109 


26,540 


in 


10,874 


19,756 


18,237 


32,830 


9,808 


26,029 


38,019 


37,776 


13,294 


14,925 


8,448 


24,798 


12,939 


11 


325 


292 


194 


473 


237 


228 


282 


1,201 


105 


217 


153 


684 


214 


4:' 


534 


356 


589 


513 


264 


281 


392 


1,812 


271 


674 


199 


859 


311 


13 


11,168 


9,716 


6,390 


14,841 


7,070 


9,411 


10,631 


31,417 


3,132 


8,081 


5,569 


18,861 


7,176 


II 


15,287 


9,398 


13,360 


15,357 


6,505 


9,288 


13,033 


36,498 


13,538 


16,157 


4,246 


18,523 


8,873 


4 r . 


48 


89 


40 


95 


39 


75 


63 


274 


23 


50 


21 


157 


30 


16 


1,133 


1,824 


1,071 


2,684 


898 


1,228 


1,456 


6,982 


478 


1,519 


618 


3,752 


511 


IT 


301 


231 


162 


416 


207 


160 


246 


1,064 


88 


179 


142 


592 


197 


16 


10,035 


7,892 


5,319 


12,157 


6,172 


8,183 


9,175 


24,435 


2,654 


6,562 


4,951 


15,109 


6,665 


19 


179 


759 


947 


224 


585 


1,096 


190 


628 


251 


624 


173 


274 


235 


50 


239 


987 


965 


256 


602 


1,388 


244 


980 


389 


695 


218 


367 


431 


51 


5,400 


29,407 


89,948 


8,597 


22,283 


56,469 


8,893 


14,717 


18,108 


36,157 


5,338 


5,326 


12,701 


59 


6,927 


37,256 


66,751 


9,105 


23,498 


66,857 


10,368 


26,340 


29,979 


39,404 


6,426 


7,092 


20,154 


53 


481 


1,155 


511 


785 


575 


1,613 


690 


1,216 


322 


450 


361 


928 


405 


54 


740 


1,202 


623 


836 


531 


1,723 


770 


1,471 


456 


549 


406 


1,045 


559 


55 


25,620 


66,641 


57,702 


42,855 


34,815 


130,284 


48,832 


33,527 


45,861 


31,866 


19,703 


22,945 


24,141 


56 


32,864 


57,638 


64,685 


43,059 


26,083 


123,860 


52,437 


34,534 


55,659 


34,983 


19,879 


23,884 


27, 691 


57 


288 


1,512 


630 


477 


925 


1,860 


468 


937 


253 


772 


146 


592 


336 


58 


628 


1,835 


1,274 


505 


906 


2,329 


552 


1,204 


432 


1,198 


396 


870 


649 


59 


11,817 


117,972 


44,747 


23,912 


75,440 


171,442 


36,653 


28,961 


13,379 


52,630 


5,415 


20,037 


20,794 


60 


22, 610 


136,538 


105,225 


29,337 


75,929 


212,599 


41,500 


37,433 


20,345 


81,826 


15,446 


29,681 


41,340 


61 


65 


448 


41 


113 


322 


551 


146 


188 


35 


96 


14 


98 


53 


62 


74 


447 


42 


124 


276 


601 


136 


204 


38 


101 


34 


140 


146 


63 


1,291 


10,746 


1,295 


3,345 


8,917 


11,023 


7,650 


2,970 


871 


1,879 


227 


2,179 


1,330 


64 


1,358 


7,754 


883 


3,793 


6,604 


9,839 


5,254 


3,188 


453 


2,183 


573 


2,947 


3,423 


65 


11,895 


12,861 


12,700 


22, 665 


10,046 


15,694 


20,027 


21,914 


4,199 


9,513 


4,348 


21,914 


7,629 


66 


11,435 


11,766 


10,547 


20,713 


7,552 


12,641 


21,388 


21,637 


4,501 


8,623 


4,070 


20,012 


7,577 


67 


704 


1,828 


1,441 


1,174 


1,048 


2,388 


950 


2,577 


498 


1,261 


554 


1,530 


683 


66 


1,032 


2,188 


1,926 


1,358 


1,090 


2,746 


1,226 


3,767 


785 


1,712 


686 


1,859 


1,019 


69 


582 


1,753 


1,362 


882 


1,029 


2,291 


789 


1,763 


463 


1,191 


460 


1,118 


586 


70 


876 


2,106 


1,775 


1,004 


1,027 


2,708 


998 


2,524 


746 


1,584 


611 


1,391 


893 


71 


549 


1,519 


1,193 


867 


914 


2,214 


755 


1,620 


446 


886 


433 


1,061 


541 


72 


835 


1,755 


1,320 


966 


900 


2,515 


899 


2,162 


683 


1,044 


541 


1,259 


820 


73 


8 


7 


5 


25 


5 


9 


27 


146 


3 


5 




25 


10 


74 


11 


5 


3 


7 


2 


9 


27 


167 


5 


4 


3 


22 


5 


75 


126 


121 


81 


675 


138 


623 


735 


3,714 


22 


173 




1,178 


216 


76 


115 


227 


81 


352 


45 


166 


1,119 


4,156 


95 


154 


26 


718 


69 


77 


30 


75 


25 


85 


41 


190 


44 


236 


22 


20 


10 


153 


25 


78 


490 


700 


1,400 


2,455 


1,375 


1,349 


899 


5,810 


328 


780 


45 


4,713 


130 


79 


40 


115 


46 


20 


71 


20 


91 


75 


15 


40 


15 


106 




80 


615 


3,300 


419 


610 


1,305 


90 


2,934 


•■,175 


210 


765 


120 


3,530 




81 


35 


152 




15 


71 


11 


90 


35 






15 


56 




82 


1,255 


4,878 




415 


1,845 


144 


3,493 


1,670 






295 


3,255 




83 


40 


30 


10 


25 


30 


20 


42 


51 






10 


15 




84 


1,535 


1,135 




575 


2,750 


2,275 


955 


1,005 






325 


370 




85 



132 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: 



[Data for items shown in italics are based c 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Kings 



Livingston 



FARMS. ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1050 . 

1954 . 
Decrease in farms due to chance in 

farm definition 1054 to 1950 number . 

Approximate land area acres 1050 . 

Proportion in Tarms percent 1050 . 

1 .and in farms ncrcs 1050 . 

1054 . 

Average size or farm acres 1050 . 

1051 . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1959 . 

mi, . 

Averaije per acre dollars 1959 . 

1951, . 
Proportion of forms reporting value percent 1959 . 

795*. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1050 , 

1051. 

acres 1050 . 

1051 . 

1 to 9 acres fBrms reporting 1950 . 

~ 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1950. 

1954. 

90 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

50 to 09 acres farms reporting 1050 . 

1954. 
100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1054. 
200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting 1059 . 

1954. 
1,000 or more acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1054 . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Soil-improvement grasses and legumes farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1050 . 

1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1059 . 

1954. 



Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). . . farms reporting 

acres 

Improved pasture (see text) farms reporting 

ncres 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.) acres 

Cropland, total farms reporting 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 

Woodland, total farms reporting 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 



1959. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1959. 
1054. 
1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1954. 

1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1954. 
1959. 
1054. 
1959. 
1954. 
i 1959. 
1954. 



Land-use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
Croplantl used for grain or row 
crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
Land tn stnp-croppiny systems for 
soil-erosion control farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
System o/ terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 



1,118,080 
0.5 
5,244 
3,917 
131.1 
122.4 



7,333 
9,667 
59.54 
48.66 
100 
100 



25 

398 

440 

17 

5 

7 



12 

1 

349 

30 
2 
4 

42 

72 



2 

42 

12 

24 

584 

1,611 

28 

13 

2,807 

1,375 



315 
1 



1,383 

1,719 

36 

922,880 

28.3 

261,028 

281,704 

188.7 

163.9 



19,514 
11,536 
99.51 
71.85 
89 
85 



1,318 

1,598 

98,774 

104,400 

65 

148 

78 

120 

91 

121 

201 

281 

555 
633 

294 
271 
31 
22 
3 



521 

632 

24,860 

32,466 

216 

352 

7,322 

11,195 

56 

1,610 

170 

5,712 

627 

796 

16,015 

21,468 

697 

676 

27, 119 

25,759 

1,020 

1,102 

76,123 

77,474 

249 

220 

5,266 

3,942 

10,815 
8,942 

1,350 

1,650 

1,297 

1,564 

1,067 

1,232 

2 

10 

83 

187 



72 
1,300 

130 
3,055 

80 

2,660 

20 

855 



2,390 




14 


2,978 




43 


83 




1 


827,520 


48 


640 


62.3 




(Z) 


515,905 




15 


556,424 




11.1 


215.9 




1.1 


186.8 




2.6 


14,557 


50 


ooo 


10,164 


24 


000 


67.37 


42,857.14 


54.37 


18,666.67 


84 




38 


86 




88 


2,225 




5 


2,777 




35 


198,057 




6 


230,446 




63 


95 




5 


167 




34 


94 






129 




1 


105 






172 






283 






385 






874 






1,055 






648 






737 






123 






128 






3 






3 







1,464 

1,703 

71,321 

75,467 

689 

752 

31,273 

26,270 

102 

3,791 

627 

27,482 

878 

1,210 

40,274 

47,398 

958 

961 

34,970 

30,024 



1,519 

1,823 

111,905 

123,646 

164 

197 

3,463 

3,654 

28,105 
23,173 

2,292 

2,882 

2,210 

2,729 

1,557 

1,832 

4 

8 

103 

229 



91 
2,845 



2,730 

5 

75 

20 

1,240 



1,291 
1,541 

39 

827,520 

35.1 

290,847 

314,543 

225.3 

204.1 



14,663 

11,141 

63.85 

53.64 

90 

78 



1,220 

1,439 

90,353 

93,683 

67 

104 

72 

109 

65 

92 

195 

249 

521 

622 

275 

238 

24 

25 

1 



704 

698 

31,458 

33,209 

211 

290 

8,281 

10,286 

32 

813 

185 

7,468 

690 

831 

28,455 

38,834 

557 

608 

51,272 

47,247 

931 

1,082 

68,050 

80,038 

200 

181 

4,368 

3,159 

12,978 
11,246 

1,255 

1,498 

1,224 

1,426 

988 

1,161 

3 

2 

21 

11 



40 
755 



30 
260 



15 
240 



1,302 
1,612 

47 

408,320 

70.6 

288,196 

319,401 

221.3 

198.1 



30,722 

16,117 

139.51 

83.09 

75 

82 



1,211 

1,505 

134,308 

150,786 

66 

114 

85 

103 

73 

105 

153 

177 

320 

431 

346 

408 

152 

151 

14 

15 

2 

1 



875 

1,087 

41,713 

46,634 

525 

641 
23,114 
19,090 

185 
8,949 

409 
14,165 

382 

519 

10,527 

13,826 

783 

899 

29,852 

32,215 

599 

643 

27,661 

35,293 

112 

103 

3,646 

2,354 

21,021 
21,557 

1,268 

1,575 

1,098 

1,321 

968 

1,158 

13 

7 

459 

164 



123 
6,735 

34 
1,641 

84 
4,876 

16 
1,100 



1,693 
2,057 

61 

423,040 

71.5 

302,334 

313,796 

178.6 

152.6 



19,632 
13,908 
113.44 
89.86 
82 
79 



1,569 

1,919 

119,131 

123,720 

158 

223 

127 

172 

128 

161 

246 

406 

500 

601 

334 

299 

70 

54 

4 

2 

2 

1 



673 

632 

24,174 

23,229 

372 

481 

11,501 

10,901 

100 

2,670 

293 

8,831 

741 

906 

18,187 

22,357 

916 

914 

32,450 

29,129 

1,192 

1,418 

80,167 

88,821 

327 

379 

7,931 

8,059 

16,724 
15,639 

1,616 

1,969 

1,475 

1,700 

1,271 

1,450 

10 

8 

144 

90 



54 
3,075 

71 
2,570 

85 

2,570 

21 

995 



NEW YORK 



133 



CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Montgomery 



1,07-1 
1,296 

26 

261,760 

73.4 

192,037 

199,200 

178.8 

153.7 



22,304 
15,078 
129.34 
101,26 
85 
83 



1,011 

1,219 

90,024 

92,649 

46 

94 

50 

62 

53 

64 

102 

178 

407 
519 
305 
253 

47 

48 

1 



732 

741 

30,109 

30,879 

243 

386 

7,333 

10,367 

55 

1,439 

209 

5,894 

312 

371 

5,975 

6,408 

663 

733 

16,057 

15,661 

672 

742 

31,003 

34,952 

111 

82 

2,515 

1,642 

11,536 
8,284 

1,034 

1,256 

993 

1,154 

833 

943 

11 

5 

258 

466 



75 
1,140 

95 
2,555 

50 

1,180 

15 

1,225 



232 
329 

4 

192,0 

3.9 

7,406 

12,964 

31.9 

39.4 



115,907 

198,774 

8,570.13 

3,163.51 

89 

62 



222 

238 

4,268 

6,848 

168 

155 

21 

25 

4 

14 

8 

10 



18 

23 

574 

513 

30 

53 

438 

939 

12 

132 

19 

306 

1 

6 

4 

144 

18 

49 

1,074 

2,148 

4 

22 

223 

900 

3 

9 

185 

301 

825 
1,472 

226 

255 

21 

46 

18 

52 

90 

70 

1,675 

1,164 



10 
If. 



14,080 



2,456 
3,223 

142 

341,120 

61.2 

208,806 

246,038 

85.0 

76.3 



22,560 
14,019 
267.27 
188.79 
88 
87 



2,333 

2,994 

113,665 

134,809 

534 

775 

368 

434 

285 

349 

364 

469 

458 
632 
257 
274 



994 

1,460 

17,809 

25,751 

1,526 

2,197 

37,418 

45,219 

242 

5,049 

1,405 

32,369 

144 

230 

1,374 

2,389 

1,056 

1,290 

11,515 

13,059 

370 

361 

6,315 

5,382 

65 

75 

855 

887 

20,710 
19,429 

2,401 

3,177 

1,233 

1,718 

1,151 

1,459 

56 

40 

841 

371 



185 
1,750 



35 
1,135 



2,511 
3,281 

78 

785,280 

52.1 

408,853 

459,347 

162.8 

140.0 



23,238 
13,904 
140.53 
98.47 
83 
89 



2,315 

2,975 

150,045 

165,946 

241 

362 

205 

291 

237 

316 

452 

703 

818 
955 
287 
289 

60 
46 

12 

12 

3 

1 



1,134 

1,245 

48,899 

46,755 

457 

662 

13,666 

14,368 

114 

2,535 

369 

11,131 

1,076 

1,354 

32,099 

37,803 

1,051 

1,185 

43,963 

41,628 

1,639 

2,252 

98,009 

135,010 

376 

421 

9,698 

6,573 

22,172 
17,837 

2,397 

3,125 

2,245 

2,902 

1,752 

2,175 

18 

14 

562 

582 



79 
3,908 

100 
2,125 

86 
2,455 

31 
1,300 



Onondaga 



1,765 
2,539 

42 

506,880 

49.7 

251,917 

294,226 

142.7 

115.9 



25,916 
14,414 
188.42 
127.73 
66 
68 



1,624 

2,238 

115,170 

137,487 

206 

403 

172 

232 

141 

186 

222 

347 

486 
638 
324 

357 
71 
73 
1 
2 
1 



886 

1,181 

28,992 

39,644 

530 

1,028 

16,835 

25,266 

135 

3,490 

446 

13,345 

353 

481 

7,942 

10,850 

924 

1,162 

23,545 

25,585 

825 

906 

34,179 

34,888 

181 

160 

4,009 

2,942 

25,254 
20, 506 

1,692 

2,437 

1,339 

1,767 

1,122 

1,474 

19 

21 

523 

349 



121 
2,690 

101 
4,250 

100 

4,220 

15 

1,070 



1,896 
2,371 

72 

415,360 

68.3 

283,839 

309,608 

149.7 

130.6 



22,589 
15,570 
156.81 
112.91 
85 
79 



1,770 

2,166 

146,698 

162,088 

196 

283 

164 

214 

146 

174 

262 

294 

448 
617 
408 
455 
139 
122 
7 
7 



986 

1,063 

28,033 

27,932 

846 

890 
22,613 
17,214 

226 
6,328 

719 
16,285 

327 

478 

6,077 

8,430 

1,165 

1,278 

28,827 

30,712 

778 

1,167 

25,678 

35,486 

162 

193 

3,189 

3,676 

25,913 
27,746 

1,831 

2,247 

1,349 

1,721 

1,319 

1,553 

14 

13 

405 

302 



269 
7,533 



3,670 

95 

4,395 

10 

975 



Orange 



2,055 
2,129 

76 

530,560 

44.3 

235,153 

238,937 

114.4 

112.2 



33,549 
21,645 
324.36 
209.29 
82 
75 



1,822 

1,856 

105,794 

102,489 

386 

355 

207 

216 

124 

116 

207 

241 

551 
644 
300 
249 
46 
34 
1 



626 

616 

26,798 

26,688 

387 

360 

8,699 

7,540 

72 

1,111 

337 

7,588 

545 

558 

16,460 

13,841 

593 

760 

19,031 

26,343 

782 

977 

42,531 

50,385 

164 

196 

4,340 

4,207 

15,840 

11,651 

1,913 

1,971 

1,254 

1,400 

975 

1,119 

49 

48 

1,103 

1,300 



142 
1,826 



25 
255 



20 
1,015 



1,259 
1,536 

21 

253,440 

69.3 

175,732 

188,438 

139.6 

122.7 



21,045 
14,951 
150.08 
116.69 
88 
75 



1,198 
1,472 

91,702 
104,379 
132 
153 
144 
160 
127 
138 
187 
270 

290 
432 
235 
252 

78 
60 
4 
7 
1 



627 
832 

17,617 
21,513 

791 

880 
25,530 
21,042 

215 
7,247 

676 
18,283 

136 

202 

2,680 

3,525 

740 

770 

13,615 

12,895 

340 

445 

8,455 

11,062 

70 

62 

1,189 

831 

16,133 
14,022 

1,241 
1,519 

809 
1,078 

810 

891 

45 

22 

2,298 

979 



114 
2,877 



Oswego 



2,030 
2,858 

152 

619,520 

40.7 

251,949 

305,761 

124.1 

107.0 



12,396 
8,020 
100.16 
75.76 
88 
83 



1,809 

2,441 

73,315 

88,096 

362 

562 

303 

403 

232 

363 

364 

479 

410 
511 
125 
107 
12 
14 

1 
1 
1 



953 

1,310 

25,920 

34,673 

736 

1,144 

20,180 

25,157 

121 

2,386 

664 

17,794 

612 

910 

20,132 

31,251 

997 

1,218 

44,379 

50,782 

1,032 

1,357 

42,441 

57,203 

162 

161 

3,036 

2,230 

25,582 
18,599 

1,954 

2,771 

1,621 

2,278 

1,366 

1,816 

35 

25 

998 

469 



56 
1,920 



70 
640 



36 

420 



Otsego 



2,391 
2,823 

119 

648,320 

70.5 

456,961 

469,601 

191.1 

166.3 



18,336 
11,583 
95.73 
67.47 
89 
83 



2,188 

2,595 

143,689 

144,073 

131 

234 

151 

207 

198 

285 

437 

605 

862 
963 
358 
264 

49 

35 

2 

2 



775 

1,027 

28,505 

40,911 

442 

576 

15,535 

14,932 

90 

2,649 

371 

12,886 

978 

1,139 

32,051 

35,893 

1,679 

1,787 

82,946 

77,076 

1,859 

2,003 

132,671 

135,234 

544 

563 

12,569 

9,979 

21,564 
21,482 

2,264 

2,677 

2,196 

2,574 

2,073 

2,332 

22 

13 

669 

221 



130 
1,970 

155 
2,310 

82 
1,850 

40 
1,265 



156 
220 

18 

150,400 

17.5 

26,372 

36,310 

169.1 

165.0 



44,955 
32,353 
349.06 
249.65 
80 
55 



118 
163 

6,493 
9,228 
31 
47 
19 
23 
9 
14 
18 
18 

20 
32 
12 
19 
9 
9 



68 
82 

4,197 

2,877 

21 

35 

670 

1,050 

8 

263 

14 

407 

28 

49 

1,028 

1,772 

74 

110 

4,245 

11,867 

59 

107 

7,782 

7,944 

10 

9 

343 

395 

1,957 
1,572 

132 
191 
113 
176 
92 
142 
5 
1 
15 



21 
205 



15 
530 



Queens 



72,320 
0.3 
198 
307 
3.3 
3.7 



38,139 

83,421 

21,557.07 

34,835.16 

95 

93 



56 
71 
168 
193 
53 
66 



1 

7 

62 

30 

181 



134 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: 



[Data for items shown in italics are based on 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



St. Lawrence Saratoga 



Schenectady Schoharie 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1059 , 

1954 . 
Decrease in Farms due to chance in 

farm definition 1954 to 1959 number . 

Approximate land area, '. acres 1959 

Proportion in farms percent 1959 . 

Land in farms acres 1959 . 

1954 . 

Av orage si ze of farm acres 1 959 . 

1954 . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1959 . 

7.95/, . 
Average per acre dollars 1959 . 

1951,. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1959 . 

1951. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested fanKs reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
acre? 1959. 

1954 . 
1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 
10 to 19 acres fnrms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
90 to 49 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 



50 to 99 ncres farms reporting 1959 

1954. 
100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 
1,000 or more acres farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 



Cropland used only for pasture 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured 

Soil-improvement grasi 

Other cropland (idle and crop failure) 



Woodland pastured. . 



Woodland not pastured. 



. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1 959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

legumes farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 

, farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 



farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 



Other nasture (not cropland and not woodland). . . farms reporting 1959. . 

1954 . . 

acres 1959.. 

1954 . . 

Improved pasture (sec text) farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.) acres 1959. . 

1954 . . 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1959. . 

1954 . . 
ncres 1959 . . 

1954 . 

Land-use practices: 

Cropland in cover crops jarms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
Croplarui used for grain or row 

crops farmed on the contour farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959. 
Land in strip-cropping systems for 

soil-erosion control farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 

System of terraces on crop and pasture land farms reporting 1959 . 

acres 1959 . 



1,151 
1,616 

85 

425,600 

42.2 

179,503 

216,155 

156.0 

133.8 



17,948 
13,759 
129.23 
102.33 
78 
86 



1,021 

1,362 

62,416 

70,312 

114 

218 

121 

195 

106 

144 

162 

235 

323 
386 
170 
156 
25 
28 



662 

948 

24,893 

35,872 

333 

519 

11,511 

14,482 

58 

1,492 

295 

10,019 

245 

405 

7,960 

14,158 

790 

998 

38,862 

42,564 

496 

573 

21,138 

25,449 

118 

85 

2,364 

1,721 

12,723 
13,318 

1,086 

1,514 

942 

1,286 

884 

1,215 

8 

6 

79 

288 



87 
1,490 

51 
560 

30 
615 

20 
525 



68 

72 

2 

38,400 
3.0 
1,152 
1,235 
16.9 
17.2 



42,348 

15,583 

5,704.08 

2,561.64 

100 

86 



32 

38 

487 

619 

20 

25 

9 

10 



5 

5 

76 

122 

4 

11 

24 

74 

2 

6 



2 
1 

53 

100 

3 

3 

71 
4 



441 
316 

35 

39 

5 

5 

4 

4 

17 

18 

213 

263 



10 

110 



100 
134 

2 

113,920 

6.0 

6,852 

9,305 

68.5 

69.4 



72,998 

53,410 

1,592.68 

1,059.72 

71 

74 



61 

75 

2,412 

4,139 

29 

24 

3 

9 

3 

4 

4 

10 

14 
15 
7 
8 
1 
5 



14 
26 

464 

714 

41 

23 

1,124 

565 
2 

559 
39 

565 

2 

7 

16 

117 

24 

49 

1,265 

2,142 



600 
353 



971 
1,275 

79 
85 
14 
38 
25 
53 
2 
6 
15 
85 



5 

190 



3,426 
4,380 

118 

1,770,880 

40.6 

718,418 

833,930 

209.7 

190.4 



12,523 

10,180 

60.39 

54.42 

89 

85 



3,250 

4,135 

226,849 

251,941 

142 

246 

186 

315 

234 

345 

664 

927 

1,330 

1,684 

616 

558 

78 

58 



1,684 

1,712 

68,104 

63,809 

754 

1,458 

25,185 

40,691 

87 

2,652 

686 

22,533 

1,497 
1,910 
84,447 
104,572 
1,436 
1,530 
87,822 
87,560 

2,405 

3,195 

189,618 

252,261 

295 

324 

6,464 

5,576 

36,393 
33,096 

3,337 

4,268 

3,250 

4,111 

2,419 

2,893 

1 

4 

10 

87 



86 
823 



92 
1,495 



1,151 
1,768 

101 

520,960 

31.0 

161,686 

203,495 

140.5 

115.1 



18,081 
12,104 
132.01 
109.47 
75 
85 



1,030 

1,482 

58,704 

64,616 

207 

377 

119 

214 

97 

182 

158 

235 

268 
318 
154 
130 
25 
23 
2 
3 



632 

911 

22,647 

26,617 

322 

655 

8,656 

15,359 

55 

680 

291 

7,976 

308 

515 

9,422 

15,020 

765 

1,100 

32,318 

44,628 

487 

662 

17,815 

21,322 

76 

79 

1,758 

1,178 

12,124 
15,933 

1,083 
1,634 

918 
1,357 

899 

1,356 

12 

10 

156 

116 



56 

450 



10 
240 



349 
448 



133,760 
32.3 
43,231 
54,880 
123.9 
122.5 



25,101 
15,111 
232.18 
120.58 
87 
70 



318 

413 

17,900 

20,876 

44 

74 

41 

45 

28 

48 

55 

74 

94 
112 
51 
52 
5 



169 

245 

5,863 

9,340 

112 

198 

2,823 

5,668 

25 

472 

92 

2,351 

63 

110 

1,514 

2,458 

230 

253 

5,860 

7,498 

139 

144 

5,835 

5,034 

12 

28 

375 

652 

3,436 
4,006 

328 
431 
258 
330 
261 
317 
19 
11 
232 
116 



20 
150 

15 
250 

5 

200 

15 

710 



1,188 
1,458 

43 

400,000 

57.8 

231,285 

257,681 

194.7 

176.7 



17,855 

13,091 

95.20 

74.25 

82 

82 



1,119 

1,371 

82,441 

87,858 

54 

96 

63 

100 

70 

112 

250 

310 

415 

506 

226 

213 

40 

33 

1 

1 



509 

795 

18,139 

38,787 

237 

301 

7,550 

9,561 

49 

976 

206 

6,574 

393 

536 

18,573 

20,815 

888 

1,014 

42,243 

43,677 

827 

786 

50,782 

47,187 

188 

185 

3,723 

3,369 

11,557 
9,796 

1,144 

1,402 

1,068 

1,321 

1,050 

1,262 

5 

5 

228 

280 



65 
615 

90 
1,830 

105 

2,665 

46 

2,380 



Z Leae than 0.05 percent. 



NEW YORK 



135 



CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 

reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Seneca 


Steuben 


Suffolk 


Sullivan 


Tioga 


Tompkins 


Ulster 


Warren 


Washington 


Wayne 


West- 
chester 


Wyoming 


Yates 




813 


2,704 


1,258 


1,034 


1,111 


1,035 


1,460 


247 


1,625 


2,463 


303 


1,619 


1,020 


1 


1,089 


3,219 


1,464 


1,450 


1,580 


1,409 


1,915 


580 


2,043 


2,913 


555 


2,063 


1,224 


2 


31 


115 


21 


35 


64 


76 


119 


70 


66 


88 


27 


59 


34 


3 


211,200 


901,120 


590,080 


631,040 


336,000 


314,240 


731,520 


565,120 


535,680 


388,480 


278,400 


382,720 


220,160 


1 


62.5 


63.0 


15.2 


21.5 


59.6 


51.8 


22.1 


6.8 


65.5 


70.9 


9.1 


75.1 


68.4 


5 


132,005 


567,380 
601,805 


89,776 


135,767 


200,336 


162,640 


161,922 


38,154 


351,043 


275,357 


25,388 


287,336 


150,480 


G 


151,697 


99,752 


161,802 


237,360 


186,316 


195,147 


81,007 


373,461 


282,212 


35,067 


320,492 


168,012 


7 


162.4 


209.8 


71.4 


131.3 


180.3 


157.1 


110.9 


154.5 


216.0 


111.8 


83.8 


177.5 


147.5 


8 


139.3 


187.0 


68.1 


111.6 


150.2 


132.2 


101.9 


139.7 


182.8 


96.9 


63.2 


155.4 


137.3 


9 


20,875 


14,468 


95,149 


25,977 


19,765 


22,055 


32,287 


16,066 


14,955 


20,317 


139,823 


21,842 


18,288 


10 


13,602 


10,251 


53,388 


16,047 


12,293 


14,130 


23,735 


9,795 


9,930 


13,094 


88,979 


12,815 


13,875 


11 


134.77 


69.71 


1,444.36 


214.86 


110.31 


142.09 


343.16 


111.43 


74.76 


182.79 


1,923.31 


117.83 


131.13 


12 


101.86 


52.39 


837.37 


144.06 


79.25 


101.71 


230.07 


68.64 


56.62 


144.80 


1,765.27 


85.24 


93.77 


13 


86 


87 


93 


83 


81 


86 


85 


89 


80 


84 


89 


83 


86 


U 


75 


75 


70 


80 


78 


89 


78 


85 


80 


69 


80 


87 


73 


15 


761 


2,561 


1,100 


832 


998 


951 


1,198 


204 


1,549 


2,359 


254 


1,522 


981 


16 


981 


2,994 


1,108 


1,145 


1,355 


1,218 


1,573 


453 


1,877 


2,775 


406 


1,932 


1,156 


17 


74,920 


194,951 


61,621 


37,499 


63,568 


68,089 


57,084 


4,917 


121,722 


139,419 


7,169 


123,320 


69,003 


IS 


89,000 


206,544 


64,967 


42,810 


72,825 


77,616 


66,321 


8,284 


123,263 


144,737 


9,684 


134,647 


76,591 


19 


70 


228 


359 


129 


103 


126 


283 


64 


84 


388 


148 


94 


147 


20 


99 


277 


246 


198 


188 


177 


380 


204 


158 


427 


256 


185 


164 


21 


59 


281 


56 


112 


114 


103 


205 


62 


76 


351 


33 


114 


109 


22 


73 


277 


102 


161 


167 


133 


282 


118 


122 


450 


49 


169 


120 


23 


46 


237 


77 


93 


96 


89 


153 


27 


125 


263 


16 


113 


84 


2« 


65 


279 


77 


176 


159 


134 


207 


56 


151 


364 


12 


149 


97 


25 


107 


368 


152 


206 


169 


153 


202 


28 


262 


396 


19 


251 


152 


26 


141 


540 


190 


292 


280 


198 


261 


41 


369 


506 


25 


380 


187 


27 


203 


764 


262 


214 


310 


264 


208 


16 


569 


555 


19 


512 


256 


28 


278 


943 


303 


256 


369 


340 


297 


24 


722 


646 


40 


628 


344 


29 


193 


543 


150 


66 


179 


164 


113 


4 


365 


320 


11 


346 


180 


30 


240 


577 


146 


53 


165 


183 


112 


6 


311 


309 


17 


350 


202 


31 


75 


134 


41 


12 


27 


47 


26 


3 


65 


78 


8 


89 


49 


32 


78 


94 


42 


9 


26 


49 


29 


4 


44 


67 


6 


68 


41 


33 


8 


5 


3 






4 


7 




3 


7 




3 


4 


34 


7 


6 
1 
1 


2 




1 


3 
1 
1 


5 

1 






5 

1 
1 


1 


1 
2 


1 


35 
38 
37 


421 


1,282 


142 


338 


540 


572 


433 


100 


774 


876 


77 


891 


502 


38 


544 


1,492 


252 


498 


554 


663 


493 


174 


928 


1,181 


144 


1,015 


668 


39 


13,456 


41,444 


1,322 


12,008 


18,728 


16,318 


14, 555 


2,540 


35,598 


20,486 


4,526 


27,127 


14,890 


40 


14,670 


46,545 


4,918 


14,643 


17,090 


15,972 


15,686 


4,898 


35,936 


26,486 


4,654 


27,645 


18,805 


41 


450 


1,288 


266 


167 


401 


430 


379 


52 


309 


1,306 


33 


509 


579 


4? 


471 


1,517 


424 


256 


633 


548 


621 


210 


562 


1,496 


142 


679 


586 


.43 


15,005 


51,274 


3,149 


3,991 


14,571 


14,986 


8,311 


1,023 


9,031 


28,974 


1,678 


15,587 


20, 539 


44 


10,715 


49,763 


6,444 


6,418 


18,106 


13,456 


11,389 


4,381 


13,694 


29,993 


4,014 


14,643 


15,316 


45 


117 


263 


88 


40 


61 


76 


56 


9 


60 


277 


8 


110 


155 


46 


3,527 


8,648 


959 


481 


1,530 


2,545 


922 


43 


1,462 


6,492 


76 


3,642 


5,242 


47 


388 


1,152 


192 


136 


366 


391 


342 


47 


266 


1,150 


26 


438 


513 


l v 


11,478 


42,626 


2,190 


3,510 


13,041 


12,441 


7,389 


980 


7,569 


22,482 


1,602 


11,945 


15,297 


49 


91 


1,055 


35 


392 


319 


241 


242 


98 


571 


299 


30 


669 


163 


50 


162 


1,390 


63 


544 


441 


315 


358 


220 


680 


389 


65 


945 


281 


51 


1,501 


40,570 


1,052 


13,039 


10,111 


4,226 


8,060 


6,581 


22,918 


4,636 


2,607 


19,589 


3,507 


59 


2,641 


50,913 


1,085 


18,632 


12,263 


5,958 


11,322 


17,241 


30,422 


5,988 


1,525 


23,808 


5,055 


5:1 


505 


1,952 


317 


599 


799 


714 


823 


142 


1,077 


1,427 


72 


995 


675 


51 


578 


2,131 


359 


760 


1,091 


884 


959 


333 


1,260 


1,571 


229 


1,152 


761 


55 


11,490 


105,054 


10,918 


33,948 


41,037 


24,710 


47,216 


18,043 


58,498 


27,836 


4,026 


34,310 


18,949 


56 


12,533 


107,827 


10,978 


37,251 


48,752 


26,562 


54,446 


36,909 


59,273 


26,896 


8,787 


33,863 


19,610 


57 


159 


1,696 


ft 


522 


669 


501 


388 


46 


1,124 


855 


50 


1,025 


312 


58 


310 


2,031 


143 


728 


1,113 


819 


646 


146 


1,407 


836 


96 


1,467 


465 


51 


3,685 


94,015 


2,142 


27,702 


38,701 


19,302 


13,467 


1,364 


80,504 


22,982 


1,907 


46,082 


9,974 


BO 


7,656 


103,424 


2,066 


34,381 


57,673 


30,981 


23,480 


5,099 


90,358 


20,790 


1,976 


69,250 


15,907 


SI 


31 


403 


14 


100 


178 


139 


69 


2 


237 


124 


23 


274 


57 


62 


41 


347 


28 


142 


230 


174 


70 


19 


285 


111 


54 


267 


63 


in 


584 


9,652 


309 


2,267 


4,857 


3,067 


1,721 


295 


6,599 


2,386 


470 


4,907 


1,236 


64 


680 


6,992 


221 


1,945 


4,543 


3,658 


1,703 


198 


6,534 


1,764 


749 


4,038 


1,297 


65 


11,948 


40,042 


9,572 


7,580 


13,620 


15,009 


13,229 


3,686 


22,772 


31,024 


3,475 


21,321 


13,618 


66 


14,482 


36,789 


9,294 


7,667 


10,651 


15,771 


12,503 


4,195 


20,515 


27,322 


4,427 


16,636 


16,728 


67 


785 


2,639 


1,128 


909 


1,057 


1,003 


1,295 


224 


1,570 


2,433 


269 


1,576 


1,001 


B6 


1,036 


3,128 


1,242 


1,294 


1,480 


1,324 


1,749 


533 


1,937 


2,877 


458 


2,002 


1,195 


99 


503 


2,313 


226 


819 


966 


843 


783 


183 


1,507 


1,405 


116 


1,459 


646 


70 


719 


2,764 


395 


1,166 


1,347 


1,156 


1,076 


416 


1,865 


1,732 


242 


1,836 


899 


71 


547 


2,337 


342 


826 


920 


S09 


926 


189 


1,342 


1,587 


92 


1,369 


736 


72 


675 


2,781 


401 


1,093 


1,277 


1,043 


1,174 


460 


1,606 


1,794 


267 


1,721 


881 


73 


2 


8 


624 


2 


7 


11 


25 


5 


13 


56 


11 


11 


8 


74 


4 


12 


620 


1 


7 


6 


21 


3 


7 


43 


13 


7 


4 


75 


25 


272 


30,892 


3 


152 


212 


488 


109 


333 


995 


72 


447 


72 


76 


40 


362 


35,850 


13 


204 


90 


1,090 


4 


82 


825 


187 


295 


55 


77 


61 


123 


544 


30 


65 


91 


41 




75 


123 


22 


68 


106 


Th 


1,184 


4,098 


35,461 


180 


950 


1,712 


2,760 




1,400 


4,260 


331 


1,446 


4,370 


N 


11 


304 


30 


5 


106 


105 






60 


67 


1 


90 


25 


SO 


295 


12,782 


530 


225 


2,105 


4,440 






960 


2,465 


9 


2,650 


555 


91 


51 


248 


10 


10 


105 


127 






81 


86 


5 


140 


126 


9! 


3,010 


16,202 


110 


110 


3,505 


6,584 






2,100 


3,685 


300 


5,125 


5,505 


83 


5 


42 




15 


51 


32 






5 


26 


6 


40 


16 


B4 


75 


3,125 




460 


2,080 


1,581 






90 


187 


59 


1,980 


190 


85 



136 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 2.-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND 





Item 




The State 


Albany 


Allegany 


Bronx 


Broome 


Cattaraugus 


Cayuga 


Chautauqua 




(For definitions and explanation? 


, see text) 




















Farms: 




















1 






82,356 
105,714 


964 
1,175 


1,718 

2,180 


8 
13 


1,424 
2,022 


2,254 

3,040 


2,093 
2,491 


3,784 
4,621 






1954... 


3 






4,863 
8,672 


70 
89 


44 
112 


7 
10 


68 
202 


83 
206 


88 
168 


287 
428 


4 




1954 . . . 


5 






15,547 

18,074 


187 
232 


172 
219 


2 


180 

315 


252 
393 


330 
486 


985 
1,210 


6 




1954... 


7 






6,194 
8,667 


57 
71 


80 
134 


1 


124 
183 


143 
229 


197 
247 


367 
498 


8 




1954 . . . 


9 






8,640 
11,874 


111 
157 


142 
204 




173 
232 


198 
306 


245 
292 


479 
606 


10 




1954 . . . 


11 






12,232 
16,428 


165 
198 


234 
326 


1 


221 
327 


400 
512 


324 
399 


538 

718 


12 




1954 . . . 


13 






9,682 
12,149 


114 
143 


226 
290 




162 
209 


320 
422 


217 
259 


374 
445 


14 




1954 . . . 


15 






7,564 
9,026 


64 

82 


208 
243 




120 
163 


247 
309 


199 
263 


236 
266 


16 




1954 . . . 


17 






5,628 
6,113 


52 

53 


169 
177 




98 
100 


168 
214 


143 
94 


169 

157 


18 




1954... 


19 






12,245 
12,235 


124 

135 


373 
407 




225 
236 


373 
371 


295 

247 


280 
252 


20 




1954 . . . 


21 






2,415 
2,175 


19 
15 


64 
67 




45 
48 


63 
73 


49 
32 


44 
38 


22 




1954 . . . 


23 




number 1959 .. . 


346 


1 


6 




8 


7 


6 


5 


24 




1954... 


301 




1 




7 


5 


4 


3 


25 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 




294 


1 


5 




8 


7 


4 


5 




Land in farms: 




















26 




acres 1259 .. . 


13,489,516 


136,013 


340,509 


71 


242, 539 


394,919 


328,052 


429,836 


27 




1954 . . . 


15,070,832 


152,088 


388,142 


174 


282,864 


465,518 


325,168 


470,572 


28 






19,387 
37,437 


269 
392 


164 
496 


16 
19 


215 
811 


378 
875 


330 

739 


1,427 
2,101 


29 




1954 . . . 


30 






343,606 
489,370 


4,851 
6,129 


4,570 
6,247 


45 


5,294 
8,481 


6,972 
10, 230 


9,335 
12,945 


26, 169 
31,788 


31 




1951 . . . 


32 


50 to 69 acres 


acres 1959 . . . 


360,559 


3,277 


4,597 


55 


7,187 


8,353 


11, 586 


22,545 


33 




1954 . . . 


503,941 


4,054 


7,810 




10,396 


13,228 


14,369 


29,030 


34 






726, 183 
997,488 


9,196 
13,047 


11,901 
17,199 




14,570 
19, 510 


16,836 
25,832 


20,554 
24,377 


39,908 
50,348 


35 




1954... 


36 


100 to 139 teres 




1,430,668 
1,917,242 


19,144 
23,114 


27,671 
38,354 


110 


25,724 
38,150 


46,601 
59,742 


38,002 
46,560 


62,684 
82, 839 


37 




1954... 


38 






1,529,562 
1,916,689 


18,117 
22,573 


35,703 
45,753 




25,755 
32,750 


51,035 
66,728 


34,283 
40,616 


59,068 
70,376 


39 




1954 .. . 


40 






1,497,854 
1,787,474 


12,504 
16,182 


41,175 
47,960 




23,534 
32,041 


49, 178 
61,139 


39,634 
54,176 


46,756 
52,652 


11 




1954 . . . 


42 




acres 1959... 


1,340,242 
1,453,213 


12,351 
12,515 


40,456 
42,326 




23,434 
23,752 


39,951 
50,933 


34,036 
22,461 


40,385 
37,487 


4.1 




1954 . . . 


44 






4,169,752 
4, 130, 231 


42,225 
44,250 


125,447 
138, 393 




78,061 
78,917 


126,926 
125,536 


99, 598 
84,278 


95,471 
85,369 


15 




1954... 


46 




acres 1959 . . . 


1,533,178 
1,371,972 


12,929 
9,832 


40,583 
42,404 




28,361 

30,182 


38,937 
44,888 


31,052 
19,040 


28,803 
25,191 


17 




1954 .. . 


48 




acres 1959 . . . 


538,525 


1,150 


8,242 




10,404 


9,752 


9,642 


6,620 


19 




1954... 


465,775 




1,200 




7,874 


6,387 


5,607 


3,391 


50 






380, 886 


1,150 


6,152 




10,404 


9,752 


4,481 


6,620 




Cropland harvested: 




















51 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


75, 830 


834 


1,563 


5 


1,316 


2,076 


1,935 


3,614 


52 




1954... 


94,968 


1,042 


2,000 


10 


1,778 


2,785 


2,210 


4,239 


53 




acres 1959 . . . 


5,032,671 


50,693 


98,265 


51 


72,347 


110,947 


165,347 


140,573 


54 




1954... 


5, 546, 506 


57, 920 


117,422 


141 


83,547 


131,235 


166, 183 


153,197 


r . r . 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


2,583 


34 


18 


4 


29 


33 


39 


218 


56 




1954 . . . 


4,131 


37 


46 


7 


72 


94 


76 


267 


57 




acres 1959... 


7,366 


100 


41 


11 


61 


99 


97 


696 


56 




1954... 


11,661 


116 


133 


13 


183 


227 


195 


774 


59 


10 to 49 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


10,549 


146 


137 




150 


207 


272 


940 


80 




1954... 


14,614 


192 


165 


2 


247 


323 


364 


1,076 


SI 




acres 1959 .. . 


134, 675 


1,738 


1,319 




1,735 


2,228 


3,841 


10,729 


62 




1954 .. . 


182, 561 


2,556 


1,773 


45 


2,568 


3,328 


4,721 


12,399 


63 


50 to 69 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


5,692 


44 


71 


1 


110 


130 


182 


374 


64 




1954... 


7,822 


60 


113 




173 


212 


217 


471 


65 




acres 1959... 


139, 928 


982 


1,173 


40 


2,373 


2,449 


4,660 


7,705 


66 




1954 . . . 


191,505 


1,252 


2,012 




3,437 


4,171 


6,116 


10,307 


n', 


70 to 99 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


8,142 


97 


128 




166 


190 


235 


465 


:« 




1954... 


11,183 


145 


190 




216 


288 


275 


580 


69 




acres 1959... 


283,584 


3,069 


3,294 




4,595 


5,255 


9,347 


12,854 


70 




1954 . . . 


393,926 


4,829 


5,085 




5,937 


7,821 


11,435 


17,002 


71 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


11,726 


154 


219 




2U 


374 


310 


525 


72 




1954 . . . 


15,860 


194 


318 


1 


314 


495 


386 


700 


73 




acres 1959 .. , 


568,601 


7,157 


8,091 




8,063 


13,695 


18,402 


20,498 


74 




1954 . . . 


764,014 


8,864 


12,003 


83 


12,132 


18, 197 


23,865 


27, 571 


75 


140 to 179 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 .. . 


9,410 


106 


215 




161 


307 


213 


369 


76 




1954 . . . 


11,867 


136 


280 




209 


412 


255 


437 


77 




acres 1959 .. . 


603, 202 


6,394 


10,701 




8,292 


15,651 


17,059 


19,201 


78 




1954... 


740,820 


8,245 


14,488 




10,870 


19,222 


21,694 


21,788 


79 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


7,392 


61 


191 




117 


240 


197 


234 


80 




1954... 


8,893 


79 


239 




161 


302 


261 


262 


81 




acres 1959 . . . 


587,747 


4,737 


11,780 




7,435 


14,488 


21,379 


14,847 


82 




1954 . . . 


679,567 


5,828 


14, 750 




9,635 


17, 599 


28,312 


15,724 


83 


220 to 259 acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


5,547 


51 


160 




98 


166 


139 


166 


64 




1954 . . . 


6,049 


53 


174 




99 


211 


94 


156 


85 




acres 1959 . . . 


517,554 


5,003 


12,275 




7,834 


11, 534 


17,600 


12,980 


B6 




1954... 


545, 847 


5,357 


12,981 




6,817 


14,035 


11,844 


12,289 


h? 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


12,073 


121 


355 




219 


360 


293 


275 


88 




1954... 


12,113 


132 


407 




232 


370 


246 


251 


59 




acres 1959 . . . 


1,528,608 


16,597 


36,629 




22,758 


34,577 


52,534 


29,781 


go 




1954... 


1,467,778 


16,500 


41,909 




22,311 


33,970 


44,033 


25,339 


91 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


2,382 


19 


63 




45 


62 


49 


43 


92 




1954... 


2,143 


14 


67 




48 


73 


32 


36 


93 




acres 1959 .. . 


518, 122 


4,676 


10, 829 




7,786 


8,924 


16,024 


10, 143 


94 




1954 . . . 


445,346 


4,373 


11, 973 




7,991 


11,325 


10,485 


8,840 


95 


1,000 or more acres 


. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


334 


1 


6 




7 


7 


6 


5 


96 




1954 . . . 


293 




1 




7 


5 


4 


3 


97 




acres 1959 . . . 


143,284 


240 


2,133 




1,415 


2,047 


4,404 


1,139 


98 




1954 . . . 


123,481 




315 




1,666 


1,340 


3,483 


1,164 


gg 




. farms reporting 1959 . . . 


287 


1 


5 




7 


7 


4 


5 


100 




acres 1959 . . . 


119, 183 


240 


1,823 




1,415 


2,047 


2,520 


1,139 



NEW YORK 

HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



137 



Chemung 


Chenango 


Clinton 


Columbia 


Cortland 


Delaware 


Dutchess 


Erie 


Essex 


Franklin 


Fulton 


Genesee 


Greene 




747 


1,889 


1,494 


1,235 


1,117 


2,468 


1,027 


2,725 


529 


1,293 


591 


1,585 


733 


1 


1,090 


2,280 


1,967 


1,440 


1,134 


2,865 


1,310 


3,963 


839 


1,771 


742 


1,944 


1,098 


2 


45 


71 


44 


88 


65 


69 


79 


236 


10 


25 


41 


68 


46 


3 


78 


131 


66 


121 


79 


137 


124 


510 


56 


74 


71 


133 


106 


1 


102 


162 


117 


196 


113 


143 


156 


768 


50 


107 


122 


280 


72 


5 


175 


237 


193 


222 


100 


175 


193 


1,228 


96 


201 


131 


387 


120 


e 


68 


100 


93 


69 


49 


92 


41 


315 


40 


72 


40 


160 


42 


7 


122 


135 


145 


74 


50 


101 


60 


461 


59 


139 


64 


187 


90 


8 


100 


157 


95 


86 


80 


153 


73 


351 


52 


134 


56 


218 


76 


9 


149 


211 


145 


132 


99 


187 


108 


476 


87 


198 


88 


294 


121 


10 


125 


284 


215 


149 


152 


286 


132 


391 


72 


197 


94 


242 


124 


11 


196 


360 


282 


196 


152 


399 


177 


492 


103 


300 


140 


310 


197 


12 


78 


251 


208 


142 


125 


329 


104 


237 


69 


203 


65 


167 


88 


13 


115 


323 


279 


177 


159 


401 


133 


324 


118 


241 


76 


194 


136 


14 


60 


225 


173 


119 


114 


XI 


69 


132 


43 


163 


63 


109 


67 


15 


82 


243 


224 


149 


128 


372 


115 


169 


62 


179 


69 


128 


99 


16 


49 


143 


135 


86 


96 


283 


50 


84 


29 


116 


43 


99 


44 


17 


55 


174 


173 


88 


98 


325 


68 


101 


51 


136 


41 


91 


67 


18 


101 


412 


330 


226 


247 


633 


201 


170 


114 


229 


57 


194 


137 


19 


98 


412 


374 


224 


204 


642 


229 


161 


139 


254 


57 


183 


124 


20 


17 


76 


73 


67 


69 


120 


98 


32 


44 


44 


9 


40 


32 


21 


18 


50 


72 


49 


57 


105 


87 


34 


60 


46 


5 


32 


37 


22 


2 


8 


11 


7 


7 


19 


24 


9 


6 


3 


1 


8 


5 


23 


2 


4 


14 


8 


8 


21 


16 


7 


8 


1 




5 


1 


24 


2 


7 


8 


7 


7 


16 


20 


8 


3 


2 




8 


5 


25 


113,979 


375, 581 


327,897 


231,315 


236,642 


562,806 


238,690 


289,889 


126,717 


244,054 


80,308 


239,333 


136,459 


26 


141,976 


392,419 


391,136 


242, 711 


221,490 


602,587 


268,046 


350,715 


172,429 


288,392 


87,596 


253,353 


165,007 


27 


164 


287 


139 


409 


232 


226 


317 


892 


43 


68 


134 


289 


155 


28 


315 


500 


313 


570 


320 


513 


576 


2,257 


253 


238 


273 


588 


442 


29 


2,808 


4,352 


3,065 


5,040 


3,039 


3,815 


3,853 


20,973 


1,506 


3,208 


3,294 


8,155 


1,923 


:li 


4,856 


6,137 


5,513 


5,825 


2,745 


4,732 


5,315 


32,273 


2,772 


5,894 


3,214 


10,404 


3,098 


31 


4,002 


5,698 


5,328 


4,022 


2,858 


5,379 


2,357 


18,053 


2,283 


4,202 


2,292 


9,372 


2,424 


32 


7,074 


7,837 


8,315 


4,297 


2,926 


5,845 


3,502 


26,586 


3,417 


7,999 


3,680 


10,909 


5,248 


33 


8,321 


13,279 


8,081 


7,222 


6,968 


13,112 


6,168 


29,415 


4,468 


11,360 


4,730 


18,411 


6,434 


34 


12,396 


17,756 


12,216 


11,197 


8,257 


15,822 


8,995 


39,795 


7,276 


16,721 


7,367 


24,998 


10,163 


35 


14,473 


33,441 


25,393 


17,960 


17,755 


33,617 


15,649 


45,428 


8,517 


23,198 


10, 968 


28, 692 


14,300 


36 


22,941 


42,035 


33,321 


23,143 


17,703 


47,129 


20,803 


56,828 


12,149 


35,079 


16,127 


36,318 


22,616 


37 


12,040 


39,943 


32,595 


22,445 


19,901 


52,131 


16,397 


37, 245 


10,937 


32,079 


10,167 


26,273 


13,889 


38 


17,894 


51,202 


43,891 


28,186 


25,388 


63,872 


20,972 


50,980 


18,500 


38,083 


11,874 


30,485 


21,455 


39 


11,872 


44,697 


34,335 


23,654 


22,540 


67,661 


13,756 


26,020 


8,471 


32,268 


12,497 


21,452 


13,276 


40 


16,210 


48,183 


44,347 


29,385 


25,294 


73,618 


22,747 


33,266 


12,225 


35,410 


13,516 


25, 212 


19,502 


41 


11,702 


34,319 


32,376 


20,403 


22,885 


67,364 


11,993 


20,114 


6,978 


27,540 


10,191 


23, 548 


10,404 


42 


13,142 


41,458 


41,411 


20,644 


23,323 


77,466 


16,341 


23,893 


11,998 


32,340 


9,802 


21,550 


15,889 


43 


34,540 


141,308 


113,551 


77,972 


86, 167 


218,426 


71,332 


57,137 


39,938 


77,387 


17,932 


67,357 


47,294 


44 


33,526 


139,359 


126,911 


77,594 


70,781 


216,653 


80,189 


54,008 


48,702 


85,138 


18, 161 


63, 514 


41,431 


LE 


11,905 


47,187 


46,784 


42,626 


45,290 


72,806 


61,902 


21,714 


31,140 


26,908 


5,103 


25,112 


20,590 


4' 


11,391 


31, 555 


45,615 


31,565 


35,240" 


65,092 


57,563 


21,685 


38,439 


28,990 


3,582 


21,324 


24,043 


47 


2,152 


11,070 


26,250 


9,562 


9,007 


28,269 


34,966 


12,898 


12,436 


5,836 


3,000 


10,672 


5,770 


I' 


2,231 


6,397 


29,283 


10,305 


9,513 


31,845 


31,043 


9,144 


16,698 


2,500 




6,051 


1,100 


41 


2,152 


7,690 


10,568 


9,562 


9,007 


20,269 


24,820 


10, 898 


4,286 


2,273 




10,672 


5,770 


M 


635 


1,796 


1,387 


1,108 


1,012 


2,358 


899 


2,428 


473 


1,235 


517 


1,479 


649 


51 


894 


2,116 


1,838 


1,250 


1,048 


2,704 


1,128 


3,431 


708 


1,654 


628 


1,763 


941 


.'.: 


35,882 


116,373 


92,451 


92,693 


75,717 


142,895 


83,027 


132,488 


32,789 


83,733 


27,294 


125,141 


37,478 


53 


41,979 


120,067 


112,331 


92,310 


72,115 


151,313 


91,301 


156,497 


35,113 


92,474 


29,081 


129,363 


46,433 


54 


17 


30 


9 


52 


17 


22 


31 


97 


1 


8 


10 


28 


16 


.',,' 


30 


52 


33 


52 


32 


43 


54 


247 


27 


28 


20 


60 


33 


56 


31 


62 


27 


150 


51 


57 


83 


241 


2 


12 


18 


107 


30 


57 


73 


140 


141 


120 


87 


114 


152 


590 


56 


59 


48 


167 


83 


•■> 


74 


138 


96 


156 


79 


113 


115 


654 


41 


89 


98 


235 


46 


5! 


112 


189 


160 


170 


82 


143 


130 


1,006 


69 


171 


95 


314 


80 


11 


835 


1,562 


1,218 


1,923 


850 


1,300 


1,069 


8,235 


437 


1,262 


933 


3,458 


443 


S 


1,033 


2,169 


2,157 


2,181 


919 


1,582 


1,508 


12,063 


721 


2,167 


660 


4,215 


670 


ss 


49 


97 


82 


60 


45 


85 


36 


298 


34 


69 


36 


154 


37 


sa 


85 


127 


134 


57 


46 


96 


51 


437 


49 


123 


54 


170 


79 


i; 


943 


2,095 


1,790 


1,311 


1,043 


1,749 


727 


7,109 


810 


1,681 


781 


4,160 


791 


n: 


1,423 


2,636 


2,955 


1,204 


1,221 


1,962 


1,277 


11,500 


862 


2,839 


1,010 


4,642 


1,662 


CI 


91 


153 


88 


76 


78 


145 


62 


340 


41 


129 


52 


207 


69 


51 


133 


202 


135 


115 


96 


179 


99 


466 


78 


193 


81 


283 


109 


II. 


2,546 


4,727 


2,934 


2,668 


2,451 


3,822 


2,031 


12,835 


1,107 


4,758 


1,576 


8,864 


1,842 


6! 


3,268 


6,053 


4,445 


4,234 


3,014 


5,136 


3,340 


18,483 


1,798 


6,331 


2,467 


11,912 


3,058 


71 


108 


277 


206 


134 


146 


281 


120 


382 


64 


192 


88 


240 


110 


7 


174 


351 


268 


181 


147 


391 


166 


484 


84 


291 


134 


303 


186 


7' 


4,036 


11,666 


9,218 


6,742 


6,420 


10,430 


5,677 


21,303 


2,253 


8,827 


4,400 


13,836 


3,991 


7 


6,118 


14,006 


11,734 


9,320 


6,226 


14,853 


7,607 


25,612 


2,611 


12,825 


5,882 


17,512 


7,101 


7 


75 


246 


196 


135 


122 


326 


99 


235 


63 


200 


64 


166 


66 


7 


112 


319 


270 


168 


154 


397 


122 


322 


104 


237 


75 


194 


132 


7« 


3,910 


13,051 


10,574 


8,965 


6,790 


15,540 


6,170 


16,610 


2,500 


11,978 


3,683 


13,866 


4,578 


71 


5,644 


17,051 


15,172 


11,043 


8,744 


18,776 


7,497 


23,412 


3,705 


13,439 


4,029 


15,707 


6,621 


7' 


58 


223 


167 


113 


111 


335 


67 


130 


42 


157 


61 


108 


66 


7' 


79 


241 


214 


144 


126 


370 


111 


168 


59 


176 


69 


128 


97 


SI 


4,136 


14,311 


11,672 


9,876 


7,384 


19,396 


5,394 


12,831 


2,182 


11,558 


4,323 


11,646 


4,399 


* 


5,058 


lA.eer 


13,698 


11,742 


8,545 


19, 992 


8,896 


15,813 


2,497 


11,450 


4,376 


13,347 


5,727 


B! 


46 


143 


134 


85 


96 


281 


49 


82 


29 


116 


43 


99 


44 


b: 


54 


174 


171 


85 


96 


324 


68 


98 


48 


134 


40 


91 


66 


84 


3,404 


10,630 


9,510 


9,066 


8,282 


18,099 


5,072 


9,190 


2,280 


9,923 


3,809 


13,033 


3,057 


* r 


4,550 


12,222 


12,829 


8,760 


7,723 


20,547 


6,401 


9,967 


2,737 


10,454 


3,045 


11,380 


4,459 


hi 


99 


406 


327 


225 


244 


631 


200 


169 


111 


228 


56 


194 


137 


8" 


95 


407 


370 


221 


204 


635 


224 


160 


133 


252 


55 


183 


121 


! 


11,852 


41,726 


32,511 


33,825 


26,836 


52,436 


27,815 


26,284 


12,172 


25,406 


6,096 


36,848 


12,799 


*' 


10,869 


40,818 


35,040 


30,516 


22,058 


50,948 


29,404 


24,460 


11,723 


25,668 


6,319 


34,217 


11,769 


1 


17 


75 


71 


65 


67 


120 


97 


32 


41 


44 


9 


40 


32 


» 


18 


50 


70 


49 


57 


105 


87 


34 


53 


48 


5 


32 


37 


V. 


3,804 


13,655 


9,810 


15,605 


12,995 


15,083 


21,391 


10,743 


7,738 


8,146 


1,673 


14,010 


4,663 


H. 


3,734 


8,678 


9,762 


10,738 


10,972 


13,394 


18,722 


10,397 


7,251 


6,896 


1,025 


12,055 


5,033 


11 


1 


8 


11 


7 


7 


19 


23 


9 


6 


3 




8 


4 


9 


2 


4 


13 


8 


8 


21 


16 


7 


4 


1 




5 


1 


!* 


385 


2,868 


3,187 


2,562 


2,615 


4,983 


7,598 


7,107 


1,306 


180 




5,311 


885 


91 


209 


1,627 


4,398 


2,452 


2,606 


4,009 


6,497 


4,180 


1,152 


346 




4,209 


50 


M 


1 


7 


8 


7 


7 


16 


20 


8 


3 


2 




8 


4 


9S 


385 


2,268 


2,976 


2,562 


2,615 


4,523 


6,768 


5,107 


460 


106 




5,311 


885 


IOC 



138 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 2.-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND 



Item 
(For definitions Mid explanations, see text) 



Hamilton Herrrlirier Jefferson 



Kings 



Lewis Livingston Madison 



Farms: 

All farms number 

1'nder 10 acres .. number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 or more acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

Land in farms: 

All land in farms acres 

Under 10 acres acres 

10 to 49 acres acres 

50 to 69 acres aci 

70 to 99 acres aci 

100 to 139 acres aci 

140 to 179 acres aci 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres acres 

260 to 499 acres acres 

500 to 999 acres acres 

1 ,000 or more acres acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres 

Cropland harvested: 

.Any cropland harvested farms reporting 



. farms reporting 



10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

acres 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

acres 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

acres 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

acres 

280 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 
1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 



5,244 

3,917 

5 

12 

112 

81 

486 

175 

554 

557 

856 

895 

473 
622 
606 
200 
480 

1,672 
1,375 



34 

25 

398 

440 



3 

2 

17 

15 

8 

3 

84 

23 

5 

5 

27 

100 

7 

6 

87 

116 

2 

4 

12 

50 

3 

1 

80 

20 

2 



4 
4 
62 

116 



1,383 

1,719 

38 

103 

111 

194 

65 

91 

122 

151 

199 

286 

228 

261 

184 

213 

142 

151 

252 

232 

37 

30 

5 

7 

5 

261,028 

281,704 

141 

422 

2,959 

5,052 

3,800 

5,305 

10,415 

12,676 

23,229 

33,649 

35,972 

41,490 

36,487 

42,180 

33,772 

35,906 

85,026 

77,413 

22,902 

18,536 

6,325 

9,075 

6,325 

1,318 

1,598 

98,774 

104,400 

12 

40 

32 

94 

91 

162 

1,052 

1,821 

63 

81 

1,663 

1,686 

117 

143 

4,057 

4,811 

197 

284 

9,355 

13,236 

222 

259 

15,130 

16,761 

184 

211 

14,794 

16,218 

141 

150 

13,796 

14,123 

249 

231 

29,713 

25,806 

37 

30 

8,062 

6,612 

5 

7 

1,120 

3,232 

5 

1,120 



2,390 

2,978 

77 

134 

140 

227 

88 

151 

161 

251 

341 

465 

340 

444 

322 

392 

261 

286 

561 

537 

83 

80 

16 

11 

11 

515,905 

556,424 

273 

497 

3,767 

6,576 

5,093 

8,646 

13,724 

21,272 

40,458 

55,293 

54,274 
70,876 
63,834 
77,894 
62,104 
67,799 
190,767 
179,840 
52,745 
49,883 
28,866 
17,848 
14,939 

2,225 

2,777 

198,057 

230,446 

21 

51 

59 

117 

92 

167 

1,215 

2,080 

76 

133 

1,969 

3,364 

152 

237 

5,601 

8,788 

330 

456 

17,765 

25,784 

330 

439 

23,294 

31,798 

319 

389 

26,009 

34,744 

254 

283 

25,680 

29,327 

553 

533 

74,839 

72,916 

83 

78 

17,123 

16,589 

15 

11 

4,503 

4,939 

10 

2,456 



15 
113 
15 
61 



1,291 

1,541 

25 

52 

83 

113 

40 

63 

90 

110 

188 

237 

187 
239 
168 
201 

125 
131 
313 
329 
64 
55 



290,847 

314,543 

89 

181 

2,322 

3,238 

2,298 

3,665 

7,591 

9,172 

22,315 

28,326 

29,704 

37,710 

33,573 

40,299 

29,883 

31,164 

106,821 

113,521 

41,063 

33,775 

15,188 

13,492 

5,213 

1,220 

1,439 

90,353 

93,683 

8 

19 

21 

54 

61 

84 

823 

1,003 

40 

59 

875 

1,165 

84 

106 

2,621 

3,186 

183 

229 

8,864 

10,588 

182 

231 

11,751 

13,697 

165 

197 

12,540 

13,869 

125 

129 

11,069 

10,453 

303 

323 

32,100 

32,497 

62 

51 

8,096 

5,979 

7 

11 

1,593 

1,192 

3 

341 



1,302 
1,612 



130 
186 
75 
103 
106 
145 
188 
227 

166 

209 

128 

158 

109 

126 

256 

293 

82 

66 

20 

19 

18 

288,196 

319,401 

173 

378 

3,601 

5,113 

4,310 

6,048 

8,928 

12,300 

22,232 

26,556 

26,168 
33,084 
25,353 
31,347 
25,931 
29,841 
88,491 
99,853 
52,493 
42,481 
30,516 
32,400 
26,182 

1,211 

1,505 

134,308 

150,786 

21 

29 

77 

105 

108 

154 

1,619 

2,138 

65 

98 

2,020 

2,818 

101 

136 

4,061 

5,395 

175 

219 

10,039 

12,598 

159 

209 

12,452 

16,517 

123 

158 

11,993 

16,184 

107 

126 

12,680 

15,162 

251 
291 

44,118 

49,179 

81 

66 

23,625 

19,050 

20 

19 

11,624 

11,640 

18 

9,960 



1,693 
2,057 
102 
160 
234 
328 
92 
122 
140 
217 
224 
312 

202 
260 
190 
192 
142 
126 
307 
296 
55 
39 



302,334 

313,796 

445 

77C 

5,938 

8,719 

5,370 

7,169 

11,863 

18,437 

26,335 

36,684 

32,069 

41,094 

37,381 

38,179 

33,933 

30,163 

105,310 

98,383 

34,990 

25,922 

8,700 

8,276 

5,320 

1,569 

1,919 

119,131 

123,720 

52 

99 

210 

381 

192 

286 

2,294 

3,790 

82 

115 

2,045 

3,059 

137 

205 

4,796 

7,510 

218 

308 

10,430 

15,159 

195 

250 

12,515 

15,667 

188 

190 

14,741 

14,880 

141 

126 

12,787 

11,416 

305 

296 

40,952 

37,105 

54 

39 

13,219 

10,202 

5 

5 

5,142 

4,551 

4 

3,244 



NEW YORK 

HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



139 



Montgomery 


Nassau 


New York 


Niagara 


Oneida 


Onondaga 


Ontario 


Orange 


Orleans 


Oswego 


Otsego 


Putnam 


Queens 




1,074 


232 






2,456 


2,511 


1,765 


1,896 


2,055 


1,259 


2,030 


2,391 


156 


60 


1 


1,296 


329 






3,223 


3,281 


2,539 


2,371 


2,129 


1,536 


2,858 


2,823 


220 


83 


2 


45 


164 






196 


124 


93 


88 


347 


33 


S3 


103 


16 


55 


3 


71 


194 






360 


253 


217 


189 


341 


60 


182 


208 


26 


74 


4 


81 


35 






762 


353 


312 


334 


461 


207 


437 


221 


46 


5 


9 


133 


74 






1,021 


533 


600 


468 


456 


279 


746 


279 


59 


9 


e 


33 


5 






367 


174 


177 


177 


101 


144 


265 


120 


15 




7 


48 


14 






489 


239 


256 


182 


112 


190 


348 


148 


14 




e 


93 


7 






374 


298 


199 


238 


140 


206 


283 


188 


12 




9 


140 


15 






459 


438 


319 


318 


153 


237 


382 


258 


21 




10 


195 


5 






341 


396 


264 


280 


290 


229 


308 


361 


20 




11 


299 


11 






445 


528 


378 


385 


337 


308 


435 


487 


28 




12 


171 


6 






166 


353 


207 


211 


242 


125 


228 


328 


8 




13 


184 


6 






180 


440 


226 


240 


272 


160 


285 


421 


12 




14 


140 


2 






92 


237 


156 


158 


160 


104 


137 


252 


6 




15 


153 


2 






110 


275 


195 


180 


164 


127 


169 


304 


14 




16 


92 


1 






53 


164 


105 


95 


120 


68 


91 


236 


6 




17 


91 


1 






66 


168 


109 


128 


119 


56 


101 


238 


11 




18 


205 


5 






97 


329 


212 


260 


168 


110 


163 


499 


15 




19 


154 


6 






86 


328 


206 


236 


149 


97 


181 


408 


22 




20 


18 


2 






7 


68 


37 


52 


22 


27 


29 


74 


8 




21 


22 


6 






7 


64 


31 


42 


25 


15 


25 


63 


10 




22 


1 








1 


15 


3 


3 


4 


6 


6 


9 


4 




23 


1 










15 


2 


3 


1 


7 


4 


9 


3 




24 


1 








1 


14 


3 


3 


4 


6 


6 


7 


3 




25 


192,037 


7,406 






208,806 


408,853 


251,917 


283,839 


235,153 


175,732 


251,949 


456,961 


26,372 


198 


26 


199,200 


12,964 






246,038 


459,347 


294,226 


309,608 


238,937 


188,438 


305,761 


469,601 


36,310 


307 


27 


138 


517 






899 


495 


375 


351 


1,690 


131 


361 


403 


55 


91 


28 


264 


623 






1,815 


1,137 


985 


780 


1,727 


299 


931 


822 


114 


123 


29 


2,180 


841 






22,255 


9,265 


8,324 


9,511 


10,262 


6,125 


12,871 


5,790 


1,179 


107 


30 


3,592 


1,716 






28,596 


14,271 


15,729 


12,886 


10,136 


8,060 


21,340 


7,684 


1,507 


184 


31 


1,929 


288 






21,253 


10,117 


10,319 


10,309 


5,885 


8,399 


15,518 


7,097 


878 




32 


2,756 


792 






28,189 


14,097 


14,844 


10,701 


6,528 


11,087 


20,372 


8,803 


796 




33 


7,912 


557 






31,063 


25,173 


16,834 


20,105 


11,818 


17,483 


23,682 


15,940 


927 




34 


12,044 


1,241 






38,122 


36,814 


26,770 


26,974 


12,849 


20,005 


31,673 


21,845 


1,759 




35 


23,062 


586 






39,366 


46,515 


30,927 


32,517 


34,023 


26,326 


36,009 


42,280 


2,337 




36 


34,526 


1,303 






51,263 


61,884 


44,736 


44,657 


39,559 


35,184 


50,600 


57,026 


3,162 




37 


26,939 


920 






26,110 


55,330 


32,744 


33,283 


37,918 


19,644 


35,736 


51,816 


1,247 




38 


28,746 


976 






28,072 


69,323 


35,564 


37,909 


42,692 


25,168 


44,675 


66,126 


1,870 




39 


27,603 


410 






18,251 


46,571 


30,685 


31,180 


31,560 


20,736 


27,219 


50,226 


1,164 




40 


30,187 


380 






21,676 


54,002 


38,655 


35,683 


32,146 


25,046 


33,402 


60,087 


2,762 




41 


21,872 


247 






12,560 


38,893 


24,918 


22,596 


28,711 


16,242 


21,750 


56,221 


1,430 




42 


21,557 


220 






15,497 


39,907 


25,754 


30,441 


28,448 


13,308 


24,127 


56,545 


2,656 




43 


68,624 


1,772 






31,496 


111,460 


70,332 


87,534 


55,510 


36,972 


53,309 


167,508 


5,116 




44 


51,380 


1,899 






28,192 


108,530 


68,894 


78,419 


48,264 


33,758 


56,485 


137,980 


7,860 




45 


10,682 


1,268 






4,228 


43,727 


22,367 


32,396 


13,438 


16,462 


17,846 


45,574 


5,177 




46 


13,108 


3,814 






4,616 


40,505 


19,305 


27,343 


15,128 


8,819 


15,230 


38,111 


6,224 




47 


1,096 








1,325 


a, 307 


4,092 


4,057 


4,338 


7,212 


7,648 


14,106 


6,862 




48 


1,040 










18,877 


2,990 


3,815 


1,460 


7,704 


4,926 


14,572 


7,600 




49 


1,096 








1,325 


19,307 


4,092 


4,057 


4,338 


7,212 


7,648 


9,591 


4,262 




50 


1,011 


222 






2,333 


2,315 


1,624 


1,770 


1,822 


1,198 


1,809 


2,188 


118 


58 


51 


1,219 


238 






2,994 


2,975 


2,238 


2,166 


1,856 


1,472 


2,441 


2,595 


163 


71 


52 


90,024 


4,268 






113,665 


150,045 


115,170 


146,698 


105,794 


91,702 


73,315 


143,689 


6,493 


168 


53 


92,649 


6,848 






134,809 


165,946 


137,487 


162,088 


102,489 


104,379 


88,096 


144,073 


9,228 


193 


54 


11 


158 






142 


57 


43 


39 


239 


14 


40 


26 


3 


53 


55 


35 


123 






255 


101 


107 


95 


200 


40 


84 


82 


16 


63 


56 


23 


283 






406 


174 


106 


122 


1,008 


40 


106 


77 


12 


68 


57 


96 


285 






708 


293 


312 


274 


892 


119 


228 


215 


41 


80 


58 


61 


33 






722 


300 


272 


290 


388 


190 


362 


162 


32 


5 


59 


107 


60 






933 


434 


475 


395 


365 


247 


575 


229 


34 


8 


60 


764 


463 






10,112 


3,648 


3,244 


4,111 


5,488 


2,604 


3,730 


1,920 


274 


100 


61 


1,508 


795 






12,564 


5,210 


5,606 


5,641 


4,807 


3,846 


5,922 


2,629 


270 


113 


62 


31 


5 






353 


156 


162 


171 


85 


140 


226 


105 


12 




63 


42 


13 






468 


220 


227 


170 


99 


185 


290 


136 


11 




64 


724 


166 






9,589 


3,884 


4,047 


5,142 


2,460 


3,829 


4,210 


2,277 


273 




65 


1,041 


299 






12,851 


5,400 


5,716 


5,342 


2,785 


5,692 


5,260 


2,988 


233 




66 


91 


6 






366 


279 


188 


234 


126 


197 


261 


175 


9 




67 


136 


13 






453 


422 


303 


307 


142 


232 


348 


242 


14 




68 


3,714 


289 






15,360 


9,395 


7,277 


9,794 


5,544 


7,333 


7,532 


5,416 


309 




69 


5,601 


671 






19,520 


14,298 


12,658 


13,719 


6,197 


10,153 


9,848 


7,086 


304 




70 


194 


4 






338 


379 


251 


274 


278 


224 


290 


351 


19 




71 


296 


9 






439 


520 


366 


375 


329 


307 


401 


470 


22 




72 


11,440 


310 






20,336 


18,419 


14,042 


16,396 


16,468 


12,946 


11,001 


14,719 


731 




73 


16,873 


676 






28,417 


24,387 


20,952 


23,730 


19,137 


18,031 


15,744 


19,652 


878 




74 


169 


6 






164 


343 


200 


201 


238 


122 


219 


320 


7 




75 


182 


5 






178 


433 


222 


237 


270 


159 


277 


418 


11 




76 


13,180 


731 






15,899 


20,702 


15,348 


16,938 


18,002 


10,341 


11,456 


17,377 


428 




77 


13,908 


510 






15,851 


24,911 


17,728 


20,645 


18,852 


13,903 


13,916 


22,223 


645 




78 


140 


2 






92 


231 


154 


155 


156 


103 


128 


246 


5 




79 


153 


2 






110 


275 


192 


179 


159 


127 


164 


302 


10 




80 


13,372 


196 






11,200 


16,827 


15,904 


17,127 


14,494 


11,272 


8,025 


16,860 


198 




81 


13,673 


244 






13,152 


19,869 


19,368 


19,423 


13,442 


14,206 


9,812 


18,646 


707 




82 


92 


1 






52 


163 


104 


92 


119 


67 


91 


231 


6 




83 


91 


1 






66 


167 


107 


128 


118 


56 


99 


238 


11 




84 


10,222 


131 






7,320 


13,555 


11,695 


12,182 


12,924 


9,121 


6,604 


17,846 


490 




85 


10,259 


218 






10,156 


13,471 


12,367 


16,276 


12,083 


7,842 


6,817 


17,678 


863 




86 


203 


5 






96 


326 


210 


259 


167 


109 


158 


491 


14 




87 


154 


6 






85 


325 


206 


236 


148 


97 


176 


406 


21 




88 


30,792 


1,557 






20,334 


37,797 


31,756 


46,917 


23,138 


21,098 


14,532 


51,597 


1,259 




89 


22,944 


1,479 






18,260 


35,387 


33,173 


41,859 


19,014 


20,335 


14,962 


39,743 


2,409 




90 


18 


2 






7 


67 


37 


52 


22 


26 


28 


73 


8 




91 


22 


6 






7 


63 


31 


41 


25 


15 


23 


63 


10 




92 


4,937 


142 






2,750 


16,204 


9,509 


16,392 


4,397 


8,949 


3,908 


12,818 


1,826 




93 


6,342 


1,671 






3,330 


13,872 


8,354 


13,673 


4,868 


5,547 


3,605 


10,410 


2,436 




94 


1 








1 


14 


3 


3 


4 


6 


6 


8 


3 




95 


1 














15 


2 


3 


1 


7 


4 


9 


3 




96 


856 












360 


9,440 


2,242 


1,577 


1,871 


4,169 


2,211 


2,782 


693 




97 


404 














8,848 


1,253 


1,506 


412 


4,705 


1,982 


2,803 


442 




98 


1 












1 


13 


3 


3 


4 


6 


6 


7 


3 




99 


856 












360 


9,180 


2,242 


1,577 


1,871 


4,169 


2,211 


2,272 


693 




100 



140 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 2.-NUMBER OF FARMS, LAND IN FARMS, AND CROPLAND 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Rensselaer Richmond Rockland St. Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler 



Farms: 

All farms number 

Under 10 acres number 

10 to 49 acres number 

50 to 69 acres . number 

70 to 99 acres number 

100 to 139 acres number 

140 to 179 acres number 

180 to 219 acres number 

220 to 259 acres number 

260 to 499 acres number 

500 to 999 acres number 

1,000 or more acres number 

1,000 to 1,999 acres number 

Land in farms: 

All land in farms acres 

Under 10 acres acres 

10 to 49 acres acres 

50 to 69 acres acres 

70 to 99 acres acres 

100 to 139 acres acres 

140 to 179 acres acres 

180 to 219 acres acres 

•220 to 259 acres acres 

260 to 499 acres acres 

500 to 999 acres acres 

1 ,000 or niece acres acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres acres 

Cropland harvested: 

Any cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 
Under 10 acres farms reporting 

10 to 49 acres farms reporting 

acres 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting 

acres 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting 

acres 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting 

acres 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 or more acres farms reporting 

acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms reporting 

acres 



954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 

959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 

959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 

959. 
954. 
959.. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959 . 
954. 
959. 
954 . 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954.. 
959. 
954. 

959. 
954. 
959. 
954 . 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954 . 
959. 
954. 
959. 
954 . 
959 . 
954. 
959. 
954. 



1,151 

1,616 

59 

129 

1A9 

264 

69 

114 

160 

230 

205 

2S9 

142 

182 

115 

135 

85 

95 

136 

150 

27 

25 

4 

3 

3 

179,503 

216,155 

200 

513 

4,257 

7,188 

4,039 

6,671 

13,278 

19,293 

23,907 

33,816 

22,614 
28,682 
22,901 
26,753 
20,075 
22,456 
45,355 
50, 154 
16,807 
16,539 
6,070 
4,090 
4,070 

1,021 

1,362 

62,416 

70,312 

23 

36 

57 

89 

108 

185 

1,331 

1,912 

62 

101 

1,323 

2,042 

147 

204 

4,515 

6,190 

186 

268 

8,603 

10,873 

133 

173 

8,017 

9,862 

113 

131 

8,823 

9,137 

85 

93 

7,803 

8,663 

134 

144 

16,581 

16,698 

26 

24 

4,598 

4,442 

4 

3 

765 

404 

3 

645 



1,152 
1,235 
144 
156 
253 
314 
105 
115 



650 
650 



32 

38 

487 

619 

16 

17 

59 

63 

13 

18 

176 

200 

2 

2 

62 

111 



100 

134 

37 

41 

33 

46 

6 

14 

7 

9 

6 

10 

3 

6 
5 

1 
1 
1 
1 
4 

1 

1 
1 



6,852 
9,305 
139 
160 
721 
984 
330 
817 
569 
756 
728 
1,188 

455 
941 

1,006 
210 
220 
232 
465 

1,203 

595 
2,219 
2,219 



61 

75 

2,412 

4,139 

13 

11 

22 

23 

19 

22 

189 

230 

6 

12 

219 

384 

7 

7 

389 

421 

6 

10 

345 

694 

3 

5 

351 

538 

4 

1 

537 

208 

1 

1 

110 

61 



1 

1 

190 

245 



20 

641 



490 

1 

1 

230 

449 



3,426 
4,380 
77 
137 
174 
269 
143 
211 
272 
383 
503 
762 

522 

674 

423 

580 

383 

385 

783 

834 

134 

135 

12 

10 

11 

718,418 

833,930 

223 

512 

5,182 

7,742 

8,474 

12,456 

23,147 

32,472 

59,701 

90,027 

83,099 
106,775 
83,731 
114,653 
90,969 
91,550 
264,792 
278,988 
84,471 
84,616 
14,629 
14,139 
12,595 

3,250 

4,135 

226,849 

251,941 

23 

51 

37 

145 

142 

225 

1,740 

2,645 

128 

191 

3,388 

4,331 

256 

366 

8,662 

11,974 

487 

734 

21,869 

32,028 

506 

656 

29,579 

35,658 

416 

566 

28,746 

36,168 

375 

381 

28,704 

28, 142 

773 

823 

79,622 

78,767 

132 

133 

21,519 

19,554 

12 

9 

2,983 

2,529 

11 

2,817 



1,151 

1,768 

57 

173 

181 

320 

94 

176 

171 

273 

196 

307 

132 

191 

104 

108 

70 

71 

126 

130 

17 

16 

3 

3 

3 

161,686 

203,495 

212 

695 

4,909 

8,889 

5,488 

10,340 

14,314 

22,871 

22,791 

35,532 

20,698 

29,900 

20,473 

21,538 

16,519 

16,818 

42,509 

43,539 

10,446 

10,123 

3,327 

3,250 

3,327 

1,030 

1,482 

58,704 

64,616 

24 

66 

58 

174 

140 

236 

1,459 

2,061 

85 

150 

1,587 

2,538 

163 

244 

4,917 

6,279 

180 

285 

7,136 

10,833 

125 

183 

7,159 

10,065 

103 

106 

7,790 

7,202 

70 

70 

6,630 

6,002 

120 

124 

16,530 

14,448 

17 

15 

4,214 

3,924 

3 

3 

1,224 

1,090 

3 

1,224 



349 
448 
33 
50 
55 
55 
24 
40 
45 
65 
71 
90 

36 
43 
32 
44 
17 
19 
35 
38 
1 



43,231 

54,880 

121 

221 

1,410 

1,477 

1,419 

2,361 

3,931 

5,662 

8,052 

10,254 

5,633 
6,691 
6,405 
8,670 
4,095 
4,496 
11,645 
12,769 
520 
2,279 



318 

413 

17,900 

20,876 

17 

30 

47 

78 

47 

50 

587 

545 

23 

38 

645 

978 

42 

62 

1,398 

2,185 

69 

87 

3,525 

3,583 

36 

42 

2,485 

2,862 

31 

43 

2,672 

3,396 

17 

19 

1,659 

1,931 

35 

38 

4,771 

4,850 

1 

4 

111 

468 



1,188 
1,458 
36 
69 
81 
124 
57 
67 
117 
147 
196 
276 

164 

209 

154 

160 

110 

129 

226 

233 

43 

39 

4 

5 

4 

231,285 

257,681 

128 

282 

2,332 

3,429 

3,449 

4,020 

10,020 

12,610 

22,846 

32,256 

25,947 
33,205 
30,576 
31,581 
26,256 
30,514 
78,225 
78,789 
26,675 
24,427 
4,831 
6,568 
4,831 

1,119 

1,371 

82,441 

87,858 

10 

33 

31 

100 

68 

94 

947 

1,242 

51 

59 

1,229 

1,380 

108 

141 

4,066 

4,966 

191 

274 

8,776 

12,744 

160 

207 

10,013 

12,342 

150 

160 

11,236 

11,551 

110 

127 

10,672 

10,584 

224 

232 

26,282 

24, 105 

43 

39 

7,737 

7,119 

4 

5 

1,452 

1,725 

4 

1,452 



NEW YORK 

HARVESTED, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954-Continued 



141 



Seneca 


Steuben 


Suffolk 


Sullivan 


Tioga 


Tompkins 


UlBter 


Warren 


Washington 


Wayne 


Westchester 


Wyoming 


Yates 




813 


2,704 


1,258 


1,034 


1,111 


1,035 


1,460 


247 


1,625 


2,463 


303 


1,619 


1,020 


1 


1,089 


3,219 


1,464 


1,450 


1,580 


1,409 


1,915 


560 


2,043 


2,913 


555 


2,063 


1,224 


2 


31 


72 


351 


85 


44 


27 


165 


19 


45 


84 


132 


38 


44 


3 


82 


113 


391 


181 


121 


110 


255 


62 


105 


148 


222 


100 


88 


4 


109 


223 


351 


179 


138 


178 


433 


37 


93 


690 


66 


157 


178 


5 


181 


269 


447 


267 


217 


270 


577 


99 


180 


895 


152 


237 


221 


6 


77 


158 


126 


99 


74 


87 


166 


21 


60 


340 


22 


100 


107 


7 


112 


204 


154 


153 


150 


155 


207 


48 


79 


439 


43 


152 


115 


8 


100 


247 


139 


135 


99 


120 


182 


40 


144 


351 


13 


172 


122 


9 


133 


367 


171 


189 


170 


156 


239 


86 


186 


429 


27 


252 


143 


10 


133 


431 


122 


196 


162 


165 


179 


38 


236 


351 


13 


299 


160 


11 


179 


549 


129 


258 


249 


211 


226 


81 


348 


379 


29 


382 


208 


12 


83 


333 


65 


116 


152 


143 


94 


30 


229 


198 


8 


219 


128 


13 


89 


422 


57 


156 


191 


163 


128 


58 


324 


235 


22 


279 


145 


14 


76 


263 


29 


85 


122 


96 


83 


17 


176 


155 


10 


190 


79 


15 


85 


353 


37 


93 


151 


112 


89 


39 


218 


132 


15 


215 


78 


16 


51 


229 


29 


35 


92 


66 


30 


8 


157 


101 


9 


134 


50 


17 


72 


235 


24 


45 


94 


66 


55 


33 


156 


91 


12 


152 


54 


18 


129 


594 


35 


86 


185 


123 


93 


26 


399 


160 


18 


261 


120 


19 


132 


589 


44 


93 


196 


139 


105 


55 


373 


141 


27 


250 


143 


20 


22 


137 


8 


12 


42 


27 


28 


9 


78 


28 


10 


44 


30 


21 


23 


103 


6 


10 


38 


24 


26 


14 


70 


19 


5 


41 


26 


22 


2 


17 


3 


6 


1 


3 


7 


2 


8 


5 


2 


5 


2 


23 


1 


15 


4 


5 


3 


3 


8 


5 


4 


5 


1 


3 


3 


24 


2 


14 


2 


5 




3 


4 


2 


7 


4 


2 


5 


2 


25 


132,005 


567,380 


89,776 


135,767 


200,336 


162,640 


161,922 


38,154 


351,043 


275,357 


25,388 


287,336 


150,480 


26 


151,697 


601,805 


99,752 


161,802 


237,360 


186,316 


195,147 


81,007 


373,461 


282,212 


35,067 


320,492 


168,012 


27 


125 


260 


1,453 


360 


183 


108 


706 


68 


144 


410 


428 


133 


200 


28 


339 


443 


1,570 


768 


494 


477 


1,181 


294 


383 


832 


815 


408 


421 


29 


3,028 


6,430 


9,542 


5,013 


3,871 


4,956 


11,260 


894 


2,574 


20,142 


1,442 


4,358 


4,788 


80 


4,895 


7,781 


11,826 


7,365 


6,274 


7,368 


15,201 


2,652 


4,895 


26,354 


3,595 


6,819 


5,988 


31 


4,523 


9,183 


7,490 


5,754 


4,217 


5,073 


9,568 


1,202 


3,580 


19,581 


1,309 


5,893 


6,243 


32 


6,488 


11,751 


8,966 


8,849 


8,517 


9,146 


12,090 


2,782 


4,644 


25,437 


2,478 


8,952 


6,707 


33 


8,310 


21,079 


11,408 


11,338 


8,292 


9,946 


14,864 


3,352 


12,157 


28,851 


1,046 


14,443 


10,221 


34 


11,164 


31,073 


14,029 


15,962 


14,222 


12,966 


19,736 


7,368 


15,825 


35,462 


2,237 


21,351 


12,103 


35 


15,460 


50,259 


14,016 


22,765 


18,794 


19,216 


20,725 


4,330 


28,078 


40,913 


1,486 


34,773 


18,381 


36 


20,941 


64,104 


14,740 


29,931 


29,061 


24,490 


26,175 


9,316 


40,815 


43,763 


3,372 


44,659 


23,935 


37 


13,189 


52,841 


10,275 


18,471 


24,096 


22,453 


14,763 


4,741 


36,022 


30,882 


1,226 


34,563 


20,363 


38 


14,055 


66,802 


9,103 


24,553 


30,169 


25,463 


20,223 


9,033 


50,906 


36,858 


3,446 


44,318 


22,735 


39 


14,902 


52,010 


5,726 


16,888 


24,229 


19,126 


16,392 


3,397 


34,896 


30,468 


1,922 


37,765 


15,502 


41i 


16,722 


69,859 


7,217 


18,481 


29,928 


22,472 


17,352 


7,790 


43,006 


25,825 


2,932 


42,729 


15,566 


•1 


12,062 


54,535 


6,930 


8,251 


21,836 


15,844 


7,072 


1,921 


37,441 


23,991 


2,153 


31,725 


11,960 


42 


17,082 


56,125 


5,692 


10,650 


22,338 


15,735 


13,164 


7,824 


36,895 


21,610 


2,863 


36,134 


12,777 


111 


43,578 


206,791 


11,764 


28,700 


63,869 


41,402 


31,522 


9,244 


137,155 


54,426 


5,816 


88,816 


40,512 


II 


43,866 


204,029 


14,488 


30,139 


66,852 


47,014 


34,930 


18,776 


128,113 


46,691 


9,187 


84,279 


47,175 


45 


14,334 


87,751 


5,625 


8,653 


27,94^ 


17,105 


18,618 


5,984 


48,962 


17,695 


6,260 


28,438 


19,410 


If, 


14,990 


65,644 


3,771 


6,855 


24,505 


14,969 


16,882 


9,136 


43,829 


11,342 


3,052 


25,832 


15,721 


47 


2,494 


26,241 


5,547 


9,574 


3,000 


7,411 


16,432 


3,021 


10,034 


7,998 


2,300 


6,429 


2,900 


48 


1,155 


24,194 


8,350 


8,249 


5,000 


6,216 


18,213 


6,036 


4,150 


8,038 


1,090 


5,011 


4,884 


49 


2,494 


17,437 


2,247 


6,574 




7,411 


5,132 


3,021 


7,727 


5,098 


2,300 


6,429 


2,900 


50 


761 


2,561 


1,100 


832 


998 


951 


1,198 


204 


1,549 


2,359 


254 


1,522 


981 


r,i 


981 


2,994 


1,108 


1,145 


1,355 


1,218 


1,573 


453 


1,877 


2,775 


406 


1,932 


1,156 


52 


74,920 


194,951 


61,621 


37,499 


63,568 


68,089 


57,084 


4,917 


121,722 


139,419 


7,169 


123,320 


69,003 


53 


89,000 


206,544 


64,967 


42,810 


72,825 


77,616 


66,321 


8,284 


123,263 


144,737 


9,684 


134,647 


76, 591 


.VI 


13 


36 


264 


17 


17 


13 


75 


7 


15 


65 


105 


17 


32 


55 


30 


54 


155 


53 


36 


41 


134 


29 


40 


100 


121 


38 


59 


56 


41 


119 


569 


55 


49 


36 


265 


20 


38 


286 


224 


56 


113 


57 


101 


177 


422 


156 


103 


123 


427 


72 


97 


317 


255 


121 


212 


58 


88 


189 


295 


110 


100 


143 


319 


30 


80 


643 


54 


128 


168 


58 


138 


213 


347 


174 


157 


198 


435 


68 


134 


838 


120 


199 


202 


Kll 


1,197 


2,201 


6,069 


1,138 


1,098 


1,750 


4,191 


311 


930 


9,058 


538 


1,595 


2,176 


f.l 


2,034 


2,478 


7,284 


1,674 


1,759 


2,348 


5,880 


399 


1,419 


12,701 


748 


2,367 


2,747 


62 


76 


147 


124 


80 


61 


75 


151 


19 


55 


330 


20 


95 


102 


B3 


104 


174 


147 


130 


118 


132 


178 


37 


66 


422 


37 


139 


104 


i-l 


2,224 


3,129 


5,996 


1,565 


1,172 


1,675 


3,785 


297 


1,337 


8,654 


433 


2,389 


3,098 


f,S 


3,246 


3,375 


7,083 


2,553 


2,084 


3,150 


4,725 


447 


1,455 


12,218 


635 


3,186 


3,034 


B.l 


95 


229 


136 


116 


89 


115 


165 


31 


138 


337 


10 


156 


119 


67 


129 


337 


167 


164 


152 


143 


211 


68 


175 


420 


23 


243 


141 


us 


4,012 


6,164 


9,274 


3,346 


2,235 


3,454 


5,364 


449 


4,383 


13,483 


278 


5,372 


4,574 


89 


6,029 


10,118 


10,939 


4,931 


3,895 


4,911 


7,016 


963 


5,200 


17,566 


622 


7,944 


5,948 


Til 


130 


408 


119 


181 


148 


156 


167 


38 


229 


347 


11 


286 


157 


71 


178 


525 


126 


240 


234 


205 


217 


72 


328 


377 


25 


375 


204 


7j 


8,137 


16,128 


10,821 


6,803 


5,821 


7,744 


7,610 


748 


10,828 


20,716 


416 


14,541 


8,985 


7a 


12,407 


22,199 


11,613 


8,856 


8,754 


9,944 


10,311 


1,130 


14,721 


22,713 


874 


18,443 


11,657 


7.1 


80 


327 


64 


112 


149 


138 


90 


24 


225 


194 


8 


215 


125 


7.', 


89 


406 


55 


146 


184 


157 


121 


49 


318 


231 


22 


278 


145 


711 


7,125 


18,364 


8,234 


5,856 


8,487 


9,565 


5,269 


630 


13,361 


15,563 


466 


14,469 


9,408 


77 


8,481 


23,506 


6,941 


6,724 


9,135 


11,045 


6,190 


833 


18,416 


19,593 


1,181 


18,786 


11,196 


7h 


75 


256 


28 


79 


119 


93 


78 


14 


175 


151 


10 


187 


79 


711 


85 


350 


36 


92 


148 


111 


86 


32 


216 


132 


15 


215 


77 


Ml 


8,648 


18,519 


4,489 


5,088 


8,065 


7,943 


6,275 


296 


12,500 


15,794 


612 


16,812 


7,071 


M 


9,671 


24,972 


5,088 


5,521 


9,438 


9,489 


6,365 


674 


14,578 


13,426 


643 


17,861 


7,635 


82 


51 


225 


27 


34 


91 


66 


29 


6 


154 


100 


9 


130 


50 


83 


72 


232 


24 


41 


91 


65 


54 


31 


156 


91 


11 


152 


54 


84 


7,164 


19,695 


4,992 


2,427 


7,040 


6,908 


2,802 


189 


13,871 


12,363 


832 


13,764 


6,006 


85 


10,379 


19,878 


3,398 


2,818 


7,192 


7,017 


4,961 


802 


12,839 


11,626 


996 


15,546 


6,180 


86 


129 


591 


34 


86 


181 


122 


91 


24 


395 


159 


16 


259 


117 


87 


132 


585 


43 


92 


195 


139 


103 


49 


371 


1A0 


26 


249 


142 


hi 


25,751 


72,452 


8,391 


7,992 


21,135 


18,549 


10,727 


1,193 


47,011 


28,364 


1,198 


40,201 


18,583 


Ml 


26,365 


71,610 


9,764 


7,500 


21,231 


21,054 


12,437 


2,148 


41,554 


24,991 


2,037 


36,626 


20,712 


BO 


22 


136 


7 


11 


42 


27 


27 


9 


75 


28 


9 


44 


30 


'.'1 


23 


103 


5 


8 


37 


24 


26 


14 


69 


19 


5 


41 


25 


92 


9,280 


28,823 


2,657 


2,155 


8,176 


7,246 


7,858 


684 


15,122 


10,387 


1,740 


11,513 


8,268 


93 


9,612 


20,932 


2,124 


1,591 


7,985 


5,853 


5,358 


438 


12,010 


5,731 


1,328 


10,497 


5,821 


IH 


2 


17 


2 


6 


1 


3 


6 


2 


8 


5 


2 


5 


2 


BE 


1 


15 


3 


5 


3 


3 


6 


4 


4 


5 


1 


3 


3 


96 


1,341 


9,357 


129 


1,074 


290 


3,219 


2,938 


100 


2,341 


4,751 


432 


2,608 


721 


'.'7 


675 


7,299 


311 


486 


1,249 


2,682 


2,651 


378 


974 


3,855 


365 


3,270 


1,449 


98 


2 


14 


1 


5 




3 


4 


2 


7 


4 


2 


5 


2 


99 


1,341 


5,371 


94 


959 




3,219 


2,504 


100 


2,254 


2,251 


432 


2,608 


721 


1011 



142 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE BY TENURE 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Albany 



Allegany 



Cattaraugus 



Chautauqua 



Farms: 

All farm operators number 1959. 

1954. 
Full owners . number 1959. 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . , 

1954.. 

All tenants number 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Proportion of tenancy percent 1959. , 

1954.. 

Land in farms: 

All farm operators acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Full owners acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 
Part owners acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Managers acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 
All tenanta acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Cropland harvested: 

All farm operators farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

acres 1959 . . 

1954.. 

Full owners farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954.. 

acres 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

Part owners farms reporting 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

acres 1959.. 

1954 . . 



Managers. . 



. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959. 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 



82,356 
105, 714 
58,081 
78,799 
19,778 
21,274 

549 
520 
3,948 
5,121 
4.8 
■4.8 



13,489,516 
15,070,832 
7,883,824 
9,503,600 
4,727,000 
4,556,945 

253,521 
220, 555 
625,171 
789,732 



75,830 

94,968 

5,032,671 

5,546,506 

52,132 

68,750 

2,653,456 

3,180,816 

19,556 

21,057 

2,043,166 

1,975,889 

508 

501 

71,041 

70,409 

3,634 

4,660 

265,008 

319,392 



964 
1,175 
676 
853 
229 
254 

9 

10 
50 
58 
5.2 
4.9 



136,013 
152,088 
73,344 
89,886 
52,248 
51,291 

2,356 
1,719 
8,065 
9,192 



634 

1,042 

50,693 

57,920 

557 

728 

22,724 

29,126 

224 

253 

24,155 

24,309 

9 

10 

929 

900 

44 

51 

2,885 

3,585 



1,718 
2,180 
1,246 
1,566 
394 
517 

5 

6 

73 

91 

4.2 

4.2 



340,509 
388,142 
215,735 
241,383 
107,232 
126,696 

4,142 

2,617 

13,400 

17,446 



1,563 

2,000 

98,265 

117,422 

1,111 

1,403 

56,912 

67,362 

384 

511 

36,521 

44,401 

4 

6 

776 

851 

64 

80 

4,056 

4,808 



13 
4 
8 
1 
2 

1 
1 
2 
2 
25.0 
15.4 



71 

174 

4 

46 
9 
3 

1 

110 

57 

15 



10 
51 
141 
1 
6 
1 
44 
1 



1,424 
2,022 
1,025 
1,596 
348 
350 

6 
14 
45 
62 
3.2 
3.1 



242,539 
282,664 
139,324 
186,455 
93, 119 
81,127 

2,058 
5,660 
8,038 
9,622 



1,316 

1,778 

72,347 

83,547 

922 

1,368 

38,979 

52,171 

345 

342 

29,962 

26,966 

,6 

14 

758 

1,829 

43 

54 

2,648 

2,581 



2,254 
3,040 
1,679 
2,311 
472 
580 

9 
23 
94 
126 
4.2 
4.1 



394,919 
465,518 
266,486 
314,777 
110,695 
124,329 

1,857 
6,103 
15,881 
20,309 



2,076 

2,785 

110,947 

131,235 

1,525 

2,080 

71,447 

85,605 

459 

571 

34,310 

37,995 

8 

23 

483 

1,639 

84 

111 

4,707 

5,996 



2,093 
2,491 
1,351 
1,735 
647 
629 

9 

14 

86 

113 

4.1 

4.5 



328,052 
325,168 
159,936 
178,008 
152,464 
129,113 

6,440 
4,250 
9,212 

13,797 



1,935 

2,210 

165,347 

166,183 

1,205 

1,470 

70,106 

81,863 

644 

622 

87,983 

73,852 

f 

14 
1,894 
2,419 
77 
104 
5,364 
8,049 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Kings 



Livingston 



Farms: 

All farm operators . 



Full owners . 
Part owners . 



Managers 

All tenants 

Proportion of tenancy . 

Land in farms: 

All farm operators 



. number 1959. 

1954. 
. number 1959 . 

1954. 
. number 1959 . 

1954. 

.number 1959. 

1954. 
. number 1959 . 

1951. 
.percent 1959. 

1954. 



Full owners . 
Parte 



Managers. . . 
All tenants . 



Cropland harvested: 

All farm operators. 



Managers 



. acres 1959. 

1954. 
. acres 1959, 

1954. 
. acres 1959. 

1954 . 

. acres 1951) . 

1951 . 
. acres 1959. 

1954 . . 



. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 

acres 1959. 

1954 . 

. farms reporting 1959. 

1954 . 

acres 1959. 

1951 . 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

1951 . 

acres 1959. 

1951 . 

. tanas reporting 1959. 

1954 . 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

. farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1951 . 



5,244 
3,917 
4,937 
3,917 
259 



34 

25 

398 

440 

31 

25 

361 

440 

3 



1,383 
1,719 
1,015 
1,304 
309 
320 

12 
10 
47 
85 
3.4 
4.9 



261,028 
281,704 
174,407 
192,182 
76,179 
69,930 

2,612 
3,936 
7,830 
15,656 



1,318 

1,598 

98,774 

104,400 

957 

1,191 

65,335 

69,758 

307 

317 

29,742 

27,802 

12 

10 

961 

1,068 

42 

60 

2,736 

5,772 



2,390 
2,978 
1,711 
2,207 
496 
468 

25 
18 
158 
285 
6.6 
9.6 



515,905 
556,424 
329,561 
370,601 
136,162 
117,136 

18,132 
10,165 
32,050 
58,522 



2,225 

2,777 

198,057 

230,446 

1,574 

2,020 

127,606 

148,852 

481 

467 

52,093 

51,597 

24 

17 

4,473 

3,570 

146 

273 

13,885 

26,427 



2 

5 

14.3 

11.6 



15 

113 

11 

83 



1,291 
1,541 
1,096 
1,319 
174 
195 



2 
17 
25 

1.3 
1.6 



290,847 
314, 543 
239,919 
259,858 
46,356 
49,985 

926 

345 

3,644 

4,355 



1,220 

1,439 

90,353 

93,683 

1,032 

1,221 

73,987 

77,685 

170 

193 

14,786 

13,977 



2 

328 
196 
14 
23 
1,252 
1,825 



1,302 
1,612 
835 
984 
349 
440 



112 

160 

8.6 

11.2 



288,196 
319,401 
152,817 
155,935 
108,077 
117,989 

1,479 

3,330 

25,823 

42,147 



1,211 

1,505 

134,308 

150,786 

757 

883 

65,068 

66,062 

346 

437 

54,672 

60,478 



781 

1,564 

102 

177 

13,787 

22,682 



1,693 
2,057 
1,122 
1,418 
485 
550 

15 

4 

71 

85 

4.2 

4.1 



302,334 
313,796 
167,325 
184,239 
121,528 
116,269 

3,946 

885 

9,535 

12,403 



1,569 

1,919 

119,131 

123,720 

1,021 

1,288 

62,065 

67,503 

477 

549 

51,844 

51,125 

15 

3 

1,374 

197 

56 

79 

3,646 

4,895 



NEW YORK 



143 



OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 



Chemung 


Chenango 


Clinton 


Columbia 


Cortland 


Delaware 


Du tehees 


Erie 


Essex 


Fraiuclin 


Fulton 


Cenesee 


Greene 




747 


1,889 


1,494 


1,235 


1,117 


2,468 


1,027 


2,725 


529 


1,293 


591 


1,585 


733 


1 


1,090 


2,280 


1,967 


1,440 


1,134 


2,865 


1,310 


3,963 


839 


1,771 


742 


1,944 


1,098 


2 


555 


1,397 


1,155 


787 


762 


1,752 


583 


1,889 


380 


1,082 


463 


1,037 


457 


8 


881 


1,792 


1,529 


1,035 


803 


2,220 


861 


2,934 


661 


1,524 


610 


1,285 


827 


4 


163 


422 


289 


357 


302 


609 


301 


676 


121 


183 


119 


435 


229 


S 


173 


396 


323 


317 


292 


502 


312 


841 


139 


192 


120 


504 


225 


6 


4 


6 


6 


19 


7 


7 


53 


8 


8 


3 




9 


3 


7 


4 


4 


7 


14 


7 


18 


31 


14 


8 


5 


1 


9 


1 


8 


25 


64 


44 


72 


46 


100 


90 


152 


20 


25 


9 


104 


44 


9 


32 


88 


108 


74 


32 


125 


106 


174 


31 


50 


11 


146 


45 


10 


3.3 


3.4 


2.9 


5.8 


4.1 


4.1 


8.8 


5.6 


3.8 


1.9 


1.5 


6.6 


6.0 


11 


2.9 


3.9 


5.5 


5.1 


2.8 


4.4 


8.1 


4.4 


3.7 


2.8 


1.5 


7.5 


4.1 


12 


113,979 


375,581 


327,897 


231,315 


236,642 


562,806 


238,690 


289,889 


126,717 


244,054 


80,308 


239,333 


136,459 


13 


141,976 


392,419 


391,136 


242,711 


221,490 


602,587 


268,046 


350,715 


172,429 


288,392 


87,596 


253,353 


165,007 


14 


66,457 


244,063 


222,689 


103,650 


133,539 


355,110 


88,950 


148,563 


72,156 


193,127 


53,937 


113,077 


60,811 


15 


97,926 


280,231 


265,544 


129,856 


135,731 


430,660 


120, 591 


197,179 


118,972 


235,634 


63,897 


124,951 


98, 562 


16 


42,321 


118,258 


83,455 


104,922 


92,287 


177,664 


95,901 


121,223 


40,860 


45,739 


24,393 


103,790 


65,653 


17 


37,270 


92,506 


88,635 


92,038 


77,765 


138,000 


98,315 


131,607 


39,422 


43,814 


22,083 


105,900 


58,673 


18 


1,753 


1,634 


13,283 


8,948 


3,420 


8,729 


29,715 


2,787 


9,558 


1,598 




3,363 


1,660 


19 


1,431 


4,040 


15,777 


6,382 


3,077 


8,693 


24,133 


4,842 


3,953 


1,380 


425 


3,488 


757 


20 


3,448 


11,626 


8,470 


13,795 


7,396 


21,303 


24,124 


17,316 


4,143 


3,590 


1,978 


19,103 


8,335 


21 


5,349 


15,642 


21,180 


14,435 


4,917 


25,234 


25,007 


17,087 


10,082 


7,564 


1,191 


19,014 


7,015 


22 


635 


1,796 


1,387 


1,108 


1,012 


2,358 


899 


2,428 


473 


1,235 


517 


1,479 


649 


23 


894 


2,116 


1,838 


1,250 


1,048 


2,704 


1,128 


3,431 


708 


1,654 


628 


1,763 


941 


24 


35,882 


116,373 


92,451 


92,693 


75,717 


142,895 


83,027 


132,488 


32,789 


83,733 


27,294 


125,141 


37,478 


25 


41,979 


120,067 


112,331 


92,310 


72, 115 


151,313 


91,301 


156,497 


35,113 


92,474 


29,081 


129,363 


46,433 


26 


452 


1,314 


1,060 


675 


662 


1,651 


466 


1,607 


329 


1,027 


392 


937 


380 


27 


688 


1,638 


1,409 


857 


721 


2,074 


690 


2,446 


543 


1,414 


499 


1,121 


688 


28 


17,461 


73,570 


62,728 


36,555 


40,235 


88,677 


26,701 


55,234 


16, 574 


64,730 


15,884 


52,400 


15,296 


29 


23,795 


84,967 


76,542 


47,542 


42,220 


108,139 


38,916 


74,765 


22,379 


74,629 


18,653 


56,902 


25,941 


30 


161 


420 


286 


354 


301 


604 


298 


673 


119 


181 


117 


434 


227 


31 


172 


394 


321 


314 


291 


495 


308 


829 


134 


190 


118 


504 


218 


82 


16,517 


39,024 


26,585 


48,408 


32,120 


47,365 


38,995 


67,187 


14,768 


16,837 


10,546 


59,536 


19,553 


33 


15,504 


29,830 


27,235 


38,072 


27,083 


35,135 


37,908 


71,862 


11,323 


14,646 


9,546 


59,844 


18,264 


84 


3 


4 


5 


18 


7 


7 


50 


5 


7 


3 




8 


3 


35 


4 


4 


6 


14 


7 


18 


31 


14 


6 


5 


'l 


8 


1 


96 


556 


306 


421 


2,520 


907 


1,312 


8,346 


1,139 


648 


695 




2,280 


500 


.17 


620 


1,053 


1,699 


1,769 


1,163 


1,462 


5,553 


1,988 


883 


605 


240 


1,917 


446 


38 


19 


58 


36 


61 


42 


96 


85 


143 


18 


24 


8 


100 


39 


39 


30 


80 


102 


65 


29 


117 


99 


142 


25 


45 


10 


130 


34 


in 


1,348 


3,473 


2,717 


5,210 


2,455 


5,541 


8,985 


8,928 


799 


1,471 


864 


10,925 


2,129 


41 


2,060 


4,217 


6,855 


4,927 


1,649 


6,577 


8,924 


7,882 


528 


2,594 


642 


10,700 


1,782 


42 


Montgomery 


Nassau 


New York 


Niagara 


Oneida 


Onondaga 


Ontario 


Orange 


Orleans 


Oswego 


Otsego 


Putnam 


Queens 




1,074 


232 




2,456 


2,511 


1,765 


1,896 


2,055 


1,259 


2,030 


2,391 


156 


60 


1 


1,296 


329 




3,223 


3,281 


2,539 


2,371 


2,129 


1,536 


2,858 


2,823 


220 


83 


2 


727 


158 




1,824 


1,749 


1,087 


1,212 


1,197 


904 


1,574 


1,598 


97 


44 


3 


950 


243 




2,512 


2,361 


1,784 


1,581 


1,358 


1,106 


2,282 


2,148 


148 


71 


1 


300 


31 




503 


675 


569 


554 


494 


297 


408 


675 


29 


2 


,'i 


288 


46 




544 


797 


647 


630 


469 


347 


491 


556 


43 


1 


6 


10 


17 




18 


10 


12 


10 


13 


4 


6 


17 


12 


5 


7 


9 


10 




18 


18 


9 


8 


15 


3 


8 


9 


7 




8 


37 


26 




111 


77 


97 


120 


351 


54 


42 


101 


18 


9 


1 


49 


30 




149 


105 


99 


152 


287 


80 


77 


110 


22 


11 


In 


3.4 


11.2 




4.5 


3.1 


5.5 


6.3 


17.1 


4.3 


2.1 


4.2 


11.5 


15.0 


11 


3.8 


9.1 




4.6 


3.2 


3.9 


6.4 


13.5 


5.2 


2.7 


3.9 


10.0 


13.3 


12 


192,037 


7,406 




208, 806 


408,853 


251,917 


283,839 


235,153 


175,732 


251,949 


456,961 


26,372 


198 


13 


199,200 


12,964 




246,038 


459,347 


294,226 


309,608 


238,937 


188,438 


305,761 


469,601 


36,310 


307 


11 


109,380 


2,416 




118, 819 


237,485 


107,180 


138,678 


95,368 


101,797 


167,242 


252,211 


6,493 


79 


[5 


125,131 


5,576 




151,173 


278,931 


152, 629 


156,943 


107,519 


116,257 


212,461 


314,007 


15,383 


219 


16 


73,146 


2,212 




76,945 


157,144 


125,937 


124,505 


90,581 


65,701 


77,727 


174,094 


8,326 


11 


17 


62,980 


4,288 




78,002 


159,665 


124,005 


130,144 


83,118 


63,697 


83,601 


130,880 


12,265 


1 


18 


2,985 


1,058 




3,077 


4,574 


4,937 


3,646 


4,405 


799 


1,897 


8,455 


7,885 


86 


111 


2,563 


939 




2,984 


7,500 


3,560 


3,306 


3,628 


574 


2,911 


6,116 


4,802 




20 


6,526 


1,720 




9,965 


9,650 


13,863 


17,010 


44,799 


7,435 


5,083 


22,201 


3,668 


22 


21 


8,526 


2,161 




13,879 


13,251 


14,032 


19,215 


44,672 


7,910 


6,788 


18,598 


3,860 


87 


22 


1,011 


222 




2,333 


2,315 


1,624 


1,770 


1,822 


1,198 


1,809 


2,188 


118 


58 


03 


1,219 


238 




2,994 


2,975 


2,238 


2,166 


1,856 


1,472 


2,441 


2,595 


163 


71 


24 


90,024 


4,268 




113,665 


150,045 


115,170 


146,698 


105,794 


91,702 


73,315 


143,689 


6,493 


168 


25 


92,649 


6,848 




134,809 


165,946 


137,487 


162,088 


102,489 


104,379 


88,096 


144,073 


9,228 


193 


26 


667 


151 




1,706 


1,571 


957 


1,093 


989 


846 


1,363 


1,414 


64 


43 


27 


876 


163 




2,297 


2,071 


1,492 


1,395 


1,097 


1,044 


1,895 


1,928 


95 


61 


28 


49,612 


1,421 




55,043 


76,502 


42,582 


64,098 


41,884 


47,626 


43,033 


76,671 


1,507 


69 


29 


55,685 


2,177 




72,038 


92,312 


63,927 


74,652 


45,811 


58,846 


55,677 


95,031 


2,794 


129 


30 


297 


31 




501 


666 


564 


553 


489 


296 


402 


666 


29 


2 


31 


287 


42 




543 


788 


645 


623 


467 


346 


480 


551 


43 


1 


32 


35,682 


1,793 




50,921 


67,731 


63,587 


71,101 


40,924 


39,702 


27,962 


58,859 


3,000 


9 


33 


31,533 


3,096 




52,251 


65,514 


64,956 


74,276 


36,348 


40,463 


29,476 


41,749 


4,633 


1 


34 


10 


15 




18 


9 


12 


10 


12 


4 


6 


13 


9 


4 


35 


9 


9 




17 


18 


9 


8 


15 


3 


8 


9 


6 




36 


1,593 


351 




1,764 


1,948 


2,223 


1,468 


1,534 


439 


587 


1,684 


850 


72 


37 


1,173 


435 




1,788 


3,236 


1,813 


1,882 


1,274 


341 


916 


1,339 


875 




38 


37 


25 




108 


69 


91 


114 


332 


52 


38 


95 


16 


9 


39 


47 


24 




137 


98 


92 


140 


277 


79 


58 


107 


19 


9 


40 


3,137 


703 




5,937 


3,864 


6,778 


10,031 


21,452 


3,935 


1,733 


6,475 


1,136 


18 


41 


4,258 


1,140 




8,732 


4,884 


6,791 


11,278 


19,056 


4,729 


2,027 


5,954 


926 


63 


42 



144 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 3.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE BY TENURE 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



St. Lawrence 



Saratoga 



Schenectady 



Schuyler 



Farms: 

All farm operators number 1959 . 

1954. 
Full owners number 1959 . 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers number 1959 . 

1954. 
All tenants number 1959 . 

1954. 
Proportion of tenancy percent 1959 . 

1954. 

Land in farms: 

All farm operators • acres 1959 . 

1954. 
Full owners acres 1959 . 

1954. 
Part owners acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers acres 1959 . 

1954. 
All tenants acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Cropland harvested: 

All farm operators farms reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Full owners farms reporting 1959. 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Part owners farms renorting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

Managers farms reporting 1959 . 

" 1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 

All tenants farms reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

acres 1959 . 

1954. 



1,151 

1,616 

803 

1,201 

294 

339 

3 

7 

51 

69 

4. 4 

4.3 



179,503 
216,155 
105,849 
135,604 
65,781 
69,209 

312 
1,589 
7,561 
9,753 



1,021 

1,362 

62,416 

70,312 

684 

968 

31,049 

37,552 

290 

333 

27,893 

28,577 

1 



56 
3,375 
3,601 



1,152 
1,235 

351 
511 
32 

1 

730 
682 
39 
41 



32 

38 

487 

619 

25 

32 

223 

330 

1 



223 

261 

3 



100 
134 
78 
99 
19 
22 

2 

2 

1 

11 

1.0 

8.2 



6,852 
9,305 
3,077 
5,106 
1,483 
3,253 

2,291 

364 

1 

582 



61 

75 

2,412 

4,139 

41 

49 

1,146 

1,595 

18 

20 

1,027 

2,115 



239 
236 



3,426 
4,380 
2,676 
3,503 
557 
555 



14 

184 
308 
5.4 
7.0 



718,418 
833,930 
517,097 
619,997 
155,876 
141,766 

3,625 

4,098 
41,820 
68,069 



3,250 

4,135 

226,849 

251,941 

2,517 

3,278 

160,973 

185,232 

553 

549 

50,648 

43,607 



13 

1,073 

1,695 

172 

295 

14,155 

21,407 



1,151 

1,768 

848 

1,396 

268 

280 

5 

5 

30 

87 

2.6 

4.9 



161,686 
203,495 
93,246 
135,264 
61,329 
56,975 

1,377 
2,120 
5,734 
9,136 



1,030 

1,482 

58,704 

64,616 

734 

1,132 

29,056 

36,694 

262 

275 

26,801 

24,119 

5 

5 

494 

952 

29 

70 

2,353 

2,851 



349 
448 
245 
320 
86 



2 
3 
16 
31 
4.6 
6.9 



43,231 
54,880 
25,328 
31,728 
15,821 
18,558 

201 

536 

1,881 

4,058 



318 

413 

17,900 

20,876 

217 

288 

9,356 

10,993 

85 

93 

7,549 

8,044 



94 

247 

14 

29 

901 

1,592 



1,188 

1,458 

782 

1,036 

359 

364 

4 

6 

43 

52 

3.6 

3.6 



231,285 
257,681 
123,819 
152,807 
96,762 
92,250 

1,439 
2,235 
9,265 
10,389 



1,119 

1,371 

82,441 

87,858 

716 

951 

40,825 

49,913 

358 

363 

37,692 

33,423 

4 

6 

458 

805 

41 

51 

3,466 

3,717 



675 
958 
519 
773 
142 
163 

3 

2 

11 

20 

1.6 

2.1 



115,504 
119,001 
66,003 
82,532 
33,978 
34,062 

13,497 

366 

2,026 

2,041 



623 

828 

37,912 

44,697 

469 

647 

21,649 

27,306 

141 

162 

15,270 

16,306 

3 

2 

256 

137 

10 

17 

737 

948 



NEW YORK 

OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1959 AND 1954 -Continued 



145 



Seneca 


Steuben 


Suffolk 


Sullivan 


Tioga 


Tompkins 


UlBter 


Warren 


Washington 


Wayne 


Westchester 


Wyoming 


Yates 




813 


2,704 


1,258 


1,034 


1,111 


1,035 


1,460 


247 


1,625 


2,463 


303 


1,619 


1,020 


1 


1,089 


3,219 


1,464 


1,450 


1,580 


1,409 


1,915 


580 


2,043 


2,913 


555 


2,063 


1,224 


2 


547 


1,996 


697 


723 


748 


686 


1,135 


205 


1,105 


1,702 


221 


1,100 


750 


3 


687 


2,491 


878 


1,122 


1,226 


948 


1,525 


496 


1,494 


2,158 


452 


1,494 


887 


4 


225 


601 


401 


265 


324 


303 


256 


* 31 


453 


631 


36 


439 


224 


S 


314 


613 


435 


300 


318 


380 


324 


58 


469 


623 


29 


472 


264 


6 


1 


7 


18 


3 


6 


14 


13 


3 


4 


20 


25 


8 


3 


7 


6 


9 


10 


2 


2 


9 


11 


2 


6 


16 


27 


5 


4 


S 


40 


100 


142 


43 


33 


32 


56 


8 


63 


110 


21 


72 


43 


9 


82 


106 


141 


26 


34 


72 


55 


24 


74 


116 


47 


92 


69 


10 


4.9 


3.7 


11.3 


4.2 


3.0 


3.1 


3.8 


3.2 


3.9 


4.5 


6.9 


4.4 


4.2 


11 


7.5 


3.3 


9.6 


1.8 


2.2 


5.1 


2.9 


4.1 


3.6 


4.0 


8.5 


4.5 


5.6 


12 


132,005 


567,380 


89,776 


135,767 


200,336 


162,640 


161,922 


38,154 


351,043 


275,357 


25,388 


287,336 


150,480 


13 


151,697 


601,805 


99,752 


161,802 


237,360 


186,316 


195,147 


81,007 


373,461 


282,212 


35,067 


320,492 


168,012 


14 


67,003 


361,840 


32,358 


68,846 


106,113 


82,053 


94,483 


28,350 


201,210 


143,834 


12,934 


163,046 


95,170 


13 


66,349 


408,256 


37,022 


100,745 


154,856 


94,883 


119,575 


63,754 


235,442 


166,600 


21,882 


192,102 


102, 19', 


16 


57,807 


180,880 


46,473 


56,255 


87,123 


65,562 


55,147 


6,440 


132,332 


111,435 


6,126 


110,357 


47,376 


17 


70,322 


168,912 


49,180 


57,042 


77,214 


75,422 


61,854 


12,777 


121,089 


98,344 


5,490 


110,772 


54,676 


18 


1,138 


3,217 


2,464 


4,318 


1,011 


8,929 


4,836 


2,660 


3,750 


8,183 


4,527 


2,174 


2,005 


18 


2,368 


3,627 


5,531 


918 


585 


6,705 


7,837 


1,353 


2,707 


4,833 


4,201 


2,623 


2,511 


20 


6,057 


21,443 


8,481 


6,348 


6,089 


6,096 


7,456 


704 


13,751 


11,905 


1,801 


11,759 


5,929 


21 


12,658 


21,010 


8,019 


3,097 


4,705 


9,306 


5,881 


3,123 


14,223 


12,435 


3,494 


14,995 


8,628 


22 


761 


2,561 


1,100 


832 


998 


951 


1,198 


204 


1,549 


2,359 


254 


1,522 


981 


23 


981 


2,994 


1,108 


1,145 


1,355 


1,218 


1,573 


453 


1,877 


2,775 


406 


1,932 


1,156 


24 


74,920 


194,951 


61,621 


37,499 


63,568 


68,089 


57,084 


4,917 


121,722 


139,419 


7,169 


123,320 


69,003 


25 


89,000 


206,544 


64,967 


42,810 


72,825 


77,616 


66,321 


8,284 


123,263 


144,737 


9,684 


134,647 


76,591 


28 


500 


1,862 


560 


531 


645 


607 


896 


167 


1,035 


1,611 


179 


1,010 


715 


27 


584 


2,284 


540 


828 


1,013 


777 


1,200 


382- 


1,338 


2,026 


317 


1,373 


828 


28 


34,017 


113,716 


16,416 


16,489 


29,827 


29, 343 


26,470 


2,866 


68,358 


64,189 


3,049 


64,481 


38,922 


29 


35,307 


130,500 


20,797 


23,356 


42,528 


33,670 


35,015 


5,473 


74,432 


79,774 


4,731 


76,006 


43,544 


30 


224 


597 


390 


264 


319 


299 


247 


28 


451 


628 


35 


436 


222 


31 


314 


607 


425 


296 


313 


375 


316 


55 


467 


620 


26 


472 


263 


32 


36,424 


71,787 


37,126 


18,995 


31,633 


32,178 


25,007 


1,727 


47,757 


63,436 


2,614 


52,228 


26,709 


33 


45,189 


67,647 


36,679 


18,512 


28,642 


36,978 


27,626 


2,538 


42,891 


56,006 


2,942 


51,612 


28,166 


34 


1 


7 


16 


3 


5 


14 


12 


3 


4 


18 


22 


8 


3 


35 


6 


9 


8 


2 


2 


9 


10 


1 


6 


18 


25 


5 


3 


36 


625 


1,402 


1,088 


400 


279 


3,777 


2,300 


197 


473 


5,765 


1,265 


740 


237 


37 


1,207 


1,129 


754 


235 


167 


2,793 


1,446 


27 


938 


2,567 


1,330 


785 


551 


38 


36 


95 


134 


34 


29 


31 


43 


6 


59 


102 


18 


68 


41 


39 


77 


94 


135 


19 


27 


57 


47 


15 


66 


111 


38 


82 


62 


40 


3,854 


8,046 


6,991 


1,615 


1,829. 


2,791 


3,307 


127 


5,134 


6,029 


241 


5,871 


3,135 


41 


7,297 


7,268 


6,737 


707 


1,488 


4,175 


2,234 


246 


5,002 


6,390 


681 


6,244 


4,330 


42 



146 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table ^-CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL 



[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Albany 



Allegany 



Cattaraugus 



Cayuga 



Chautauqua 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number . 

Land in farms < acres. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildings average per farm, dollars , 

average per acre, dollars. 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres. 
Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total number. 

100 or more days number . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold number . 

By tenure: 

Full owners number , 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Specified equipment and facilities: 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up balers farms reporting . 

number. 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting . 

number. 
Automobiles farms reporting . 

number. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . 

Farm labor, week preceding enumeration: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . 

persons . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days). . farms reporting. 

persons. 

Livestock and poultry on (arms: 

CBttle and calves farms reporting . 

number. 
Milk cows farms reporting . 

number . 
Horses and/or mules farms reporting . 

number. 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting . 

number . 
Chickens , 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and poultry sold: 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 
Calves sold alive farms reporting . 

number. 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . 

number. 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Wool farms reporting. 

pounds . 

Specified farm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars . 

Machine hire dollars. 

Hired labor dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees dollars. 

Crops harvested: 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acreB. . 

Wheat farms reporting. , 

acres . . 
bushels. , 

Oats farms reporting . , 

acres . . 
bushels. . 

Land from which hay was cut acres.. 

Vegetables for sale (other than 

Irish and sweet potatoes) farms reporting.. 

dollars. , 



56,760 
11,524,782 
203.0 
28,004 
139.87 
54,161 
4,660,058 

17,897 
9,517 

7,783 

34,590 

18,877 

385 

2,908 

15,925 
16,561 
6,101 
6,269 
32,867 
33,498 
38,410 
55,988 
51,939 
114,974 
51,307 
66,406 
52,240 
39,395 
40,728 
40,025 

41,160 
8,947 
6,162 

54,220 
53,103 
52,269 

23,422 
32,982 
15,347 
27,787 

45,990 

1,948,540 

43,582 

1,170,000 

12,639 

30,732 

9,529 

127,255 

21,840 

10,900,019 

34,913 

248,950 

42,002 

727,973 

2,867 

126,014 

1,852 

109,400 

10,915 

20,163,282 

12,786 

129,333,051 

41, 512 

403,856,531 

2,296 

795,252 

56,720 
354,604,833 
166,636,863 
39,938,602 
7,721,553 
89,588,739 

33,874,224 
16,844,852 

33,426 
615,060 

12,281 

211,825 

6,501,803 

33,106 

581,036 

31,592,099 

2,685,219 



5,855 
37,248,701 



643 

121,496 

189.0 

31,067 

179.95 

597 

53,530 

195 
85 



342 
266 

35 

151 
166 
50 
55 
321 
336 
432 
757 
562 
1,274 
573 
772 
618 
425 
366 
371 

401 
141 
100 

623 
608 
603 

3L2 
398 
192 
321 

461 

19,275 

431 

10, 535 

120 

240 

115 

6,370 

305 

206,550 

316 

2,099 

421 

6,839 

45 

6,760 

15 

490 

151 

257,900 

185 

2,070,535 

386 

3,551,015 

40 

4,710 

643 

3,748,310 

1,862,060 

438, 330 

49,470 

874, 355 

397,995 
126,100 



310 
6,890 



950 

16,600 

255 

3,315 

140,655 

38,370 



125 
441,065 



1,046 
258,179 

246.8 
15,234 

62.83 

1,016 
84,372 

353 
173 



623 
397 

1 
25 

404 
404 
46 
46 
667 
667 
676 
839 
991 

1,906 
941 

1,089 
946 
786 
871 
866 

593 
225 
221 

1,016 
1,010 
1,000 

4a 
637 
194 
254 

978 

36,636 

942 

20,549 

291 

681 

217 

1,145 

486 

57,005 

777 

5,002 

886 

12,084 

66 

1,530 

125 

6,945 

161 

816,030 

230 

756,780 

916 

6,415,697 

155 

50,810 

1,046 

4,200,634 

2,269,590 

581,114 

105,175 

630,640 

520,960 
93,155 

636 
7,620 

207 

2,013 

50,845 

838 

17,865 

970,830 



11 
19 
1.7 



11 
103, 125 



65,000 



3,125 
35,000 



53,680 



36 

53,890 



894 
195,976 
219.2 
23,565 
108.93 
844 
62,618 

270 
165 



499 

370 

25 

208 
208 
12 
12 
565 
570 
619 
850 
799 
1,628 
774 
977 
833 
628 
738 
768 

581 
137 
176 

864 
849 
839 

393 
540 
221 
352 



J33,071 
793 
20,565 
218 
487 
110 
235 
384 

252,600 

628 

4,563 

778 

13,184 

15 

65 

10 

265 

182 

154,810 

223 

3,581,560 

773 

7,121,192 

15 

3,800 

894 

5,395,826 

3,503,597 

549,200 

60, 145 

728,136 

448,064 
106,684 

443 
5,812 

20 

180 

2,575 

469 

5,855 

293,145 

48,446 



35 
8,000 



1,592 
336,612 

211.4 
19,462 

91.79 

1,522 
108,692 

641 
376 

255 

1,095 

407 

10 

80 

370 

375 

81 

86 

942 

963 

822 

999 

1,442 

2,749 

1,447 

1,765 

1,432 

1,152 

1,321 

1,271 

964 
391 
202 

1,522 
1,502 
1,462 

707 

1,015 

295 

418 

1,477 

62,244 

1,406 

36,482 

417 

1,181 

286 

2,417 

592 

98,157 

1,196 

8,095 

1,391 

22,932 

80 

2,965 

30 

2,470 

331 

637,140 

356 

1,181,185 

1,396 

11,744,288 

35 

6,225 

1,587 

6,978,165 

3,952,695 

833,630 

202,420 

1,027,895 

722,660 
238,865 

965 
11,160 

81 

581 

16,675 

1,121 

15,067 

865,535 

80,622 



30 
16,995 



1,512 
300,399 
198.7 
26,394 
131.96 
1,467 
163,564 

536 

226 



827 

594 

6 

85 

885 

940 

638 

663 

960 

976 

1,062 

1,429 

1,402 

3,368 

1,391 

1,752 

1,422 

1,141 

986 

986 

1,088 
293 
116 

1,431 
1,416 
1,401 

522 
744 
386 
654 

1,183 

44,911 

1,072 

24,717 

250 

575 

317 

5,527 

591 

451,800 

822 

5,823 

1,037 

15,915 

161 

5,485 

75 

1,685 

376 

486,745 

406 

5,414,205 

966 

8,759,365 

85 

19,895 

1,492 

8,103,432 

3,407,185 

920,725 

332,605 

1,938,827 

980,610 
523,480 

1,355 
40,072 

1,063 

18,076 

601,925 

1,289 

29,043 

1,731,945 

53,360 



154 
897,805 



2,240 

345,849 

154.4 

23,332 

149.98 

2,185 

121,321 

1,018 
627 

547 

1,519 

645 

11 

65 

270 
270 
116 
116 
1,045 
1,051 
1,395 
1,990 
2,100 
3,972 
2,025 
2,614 
2,085 
1,539 
1,440 
1,380 

1,783 
347 
110 

2,034 
1,998 
1,943 

778 

1,093 

387 

683 

1,619 

59,402 

1,479 

32,927 

545 

1,367 

201 

1,322 

583 

180,795 

1,340 

8,947 

1,462 

19,773 

81 

2,621 

41 

674 

302 

1,436,420 

352 

2,087,350 

1,396 

10,592,990 

36 

7,812 

2,240 

10,482,504 

4,651,505 

1,237,715 

390, 595 

3,037,230 

908,890 
i 256, 569 

1,105 
12,862 

225 

1,625 
42,845 

1,252 

12,976 

707,905 

71,224 



234 
559,530 



NEW YORK 



147 



FARMS, CENSUS OF 1959 



a sample ol farms. 


See text] 


























Chemung 


Chenango 


Clinton 


Columbia 


Cortland 


Delaware 


Dutchess 


Erie 


Essex 


Franilln 


Fulton 


Genesee 


Greene 




364 


1,525 


1,170 


881 


897 


2,016 


803 


1,571 


277 


928 


336 


1,047 


475 


1 


66,876 


342,782 


306,931 


209,277 


227,312 


499,501 


214,086 


241,242 


86,426 


202,096 


67,825 


214,315 


110,230 


2 


183.7 


224.8 


262.3 


237.5 


253.4 


247.8 


266.6 


153.6 


312.0 


217.8 


201.9 


204.7 


232.1 


3 


24,470 


17,189 


20,203 


41,974 


22,435 


16,978 


70,473 


41,823 


23,007 


19,135 


25,068 


32,778 


23,861 


4 


137.60 


77.95 


80.28 


175.21 


89.41 


78.37 


268.00 


267.92 


72.15 


86.92 


122.02 


158.47 


103.60 


5 


332 


1,464 


1,150 


834 


877 


1,946 


725 


1,464 


267 


898 


320 


991 


438 


6 


24,027 


111,630 


94,796 


91,061 


79,295 


131,670 


73,801 


120,692 


27,125 


73,970 


28,250 


119,677 


30,410 


7 


131 


501 


402 


245 


297 


594 


195 


490 


121 


306 


91 


381 


147 


8 


75 


261 


226 


128 


150 


230 


110 


311 


65 


171 


56 


245 


66 


9 


90 


146 


126 


110 


85 


159 


134 


256 


51 


126 


46 


221 


82 


10 


212 


970 


866 


479 


548 


1,327 


400 


893 


193 


743 


196 


558 


212 


11 


131 


485 


273 


345 


328 


599 


276 


582 


66 


I/O 


135 


422 


203 


12 


1 


5 


6 


6 


1 


4 


30 


6 


3 


10 




6 




18 


20 


65 


25 


51 


20 


86 


97 


90 


15 


35 


5 


61 


60 


14 


136 


228 


123 


285 


200 


82 


219 


421 


78 


90 


95 


665 


60 


15 


136 


238 


125 


295 


200 


87 


231 


431 


78 


90 


95 


722 


60 


in 


61 


41 


6 


152 


46 


6 


114 


137 


10 


15 


15 


309 


36 


17 


61 


41 


6 


152 


46 


6 


120 


142 


10 


15 


15 


341 


36 


ia 


212 


1,061 


612 


546 


635 


1,307 


512 


855 


156 


520 


225 


639 


238 


19 


217 


1,062 


619 


567 


686 


1,319 


550 


875 


162 


525 


225 


647 


238 


20 


199 


979 


699 


701 


622 


1,274 


670 


1,156 


232 


443 


251 


712 


330 


21 


300 


1,258 


839 


1,115 


886 


1,550 


1,059 


1,769 


376 


515 


327 


1,167 


506 


29 


308 


1,413 


1,100 


819 


812 


1,850 


726 


1,424 


261 


843 


316 


995 


424 


21 


561 


2,804 


2,065 


2,093 


1,932 


3,372 


1,926 


3,508 


546 


1,424 


658 


2,720 


801 


24 


317 


1,388 


1,068 


807 


831 


1,803 


731 


1,455 


220 


816 


301 


960 


415 


21 


378 


1,815 


1,280 


1,137 


1,130 


2,149 


1,183 


1,901 


283 


930 


358 


1,359 


511 


M 


338 


1,375 


1,014 


826 


847 


1,829 


783 


1,476 


232 


788 


286 


981 


445 


21 


281 


1,024 


802 


566 


646 


1,470 


570 


1,190 


206 


661 


220 


772 


348 


28 


241 


1,342 


1,026 


555 


785 


1,815 


477 


970 


226 


805 


265 


662 


373 


21 


226 


1,272 


1,045 


560 


718 


1,735 


482 


1,015 


240 


765 


265 


647 


387 


30 


227 


932 


1,029 


490 


596 


896 


663 


1,482 


155 


603 


206 


800 


329 


31 


52 


416 


46 


163 


180 


439 


52 


48 


71 


195 


70 


177 


71 


82 


85 


157 


85 


207 


111 


674 


76 


25 


46 


115 


60 


60 


75 


33 


314 


1,510 


1,118 


836 


877 


1,950 


773 


1,519 


267 


888 


336 


977 


449 


34 


311 


1,483 


1,102 


805 


857 


1,928 


720 


1,493 


251 


856 


331 


958 


439 


Si 


306 


1,463 


1,082 


790 


847 


1,902 


705 


1,472 


241 


851 


331 


938 


429 


38 


145 


659 


491 


310 


356 


1,030 


221 


656 


90 


235 


125 


397 


206 


37 


215 


866 


666 


453 


538 


1,500 


279 


903 


115 


375 


175 


504 


297 


38 


73 


428 


322 


371 


355 


392 


401 


425 


77 


262 


60 


387 


128 


39 


141 


613 


537 


713 


564 


506 


814 


1,116 


139 


352 


85 


674 


475 


40 


292 


1,412 


1,102 


651 


841 


1,888 


603 


1,178 


271 


856 


315 


803 


419 


11 


9,072 


63,889 


48,695 


35,666 


45,973 


81,346 


37,112 


45,221 


9,667 


34,061 


11,630 


36,430 


15,804 


42 


276 


1,402 


1,070 


626 


816 


1,857 


545 


1,081 


251 


825 


300 


722 


403 


18 


5,195 


42,294 


29,581 


21,936 


29,215 


54,787 


22,552 


27,153 


5,257 


20,575 


7,175 


20,237 


9,580 


44 


72 


392 


420 


175 


268 


605 


157 


232 


132 


272 


80 


146 


126 


45 


212 


856 


1,076 


517 


667 


1,302 


323 


577 


356 


530 


170 


278 


266 


48 


60 


211 


236 


131 


101 


223 


68 


267 


81 


246 


60 


267 


70 


IT 


1,460 


805 


2,658 


1,939 


4,311 


992 


4,833 


6,906 


474 


652 


150 


4,649 


2,715 


It. 


198 


587 


374 


350 


282 


722 


300 


621 


144 


300 


116 


387 


217 


Ill 


274,276 


317,435 


29,330 


340,955 


79,922 


178,922 


257,785 


213,255 


24,360 


30,960 


40,750 


195,905 


200,386 


SO 


192 


1,037 


712 


540 


730 


1,500 


456 


934 


186 


605 


226 


612 


287 


51 


1,287 


7,171 


3,535 


4,406 


6,388 


12,878 


5,101 


7,370 


1,326 


2,775 


1,482 


5,482 


1,520 


52 


211 


1,362 


1,062 


606 


800 


1,797 


542 


1,079 


251 


785 


286 


722 


369 


5^ 


2,650 


26,879 


17,666 


14,036 


18,602 


37,305 


15,048 


18,873 


3,122 


11,995 


4,732 


11,738 


6,137 


54 


15 


31 


21 


40 


25 


31 


12 


121 


20 


30 




128 


25 


ii 


980 


529 


3,204 


1,910 


2,970 


570 


4,251 


9,055 


525 


245 




5,336 


2,645 


58 


10 


16 


1 


52 


10 


35 


35 


40 


10 


5 


5 


56 


5 


51 


250 


571 


175 


1,586 


130 


350 


650 


1,500 


230 


130 


180 


7,805 


50 


58 


157 


302 


72 


148 


117 


217 


151 


346 


43 


90 


56 


191 


115 


59 


456,645 


227,735 


10,635 


632,005 


233,236 


940,850 


244,741 


116,380 


24,345 


76,540 


18,520 


121,180 


275,680 


80 


162 


312 


127 


188 


126 


338 


151 


401 


73 


145 


66 


219 


140 


61 


3,656,540 


4,062,555 


180,875 


5,068,415 


963,730 


2,839,863 


3,711,209 


1,764,619 


215,160 


232,390 


369,810 


2,594,830 


2,095,465 


82 


251 
1,833,825 


1,362 
14,783,599 


1,076 
9,093,529 


560 
9,696,875 


810 
10,273,745 


1,836 
18,386,757 


491 
9,910,445 


1,026 
9,536,076 


246 
1,554,738 


810 
6,185,525" 


280 


662 

7,283,989 


363 
2,983,563 


68 


" 2,253,165 


64 


6 


31 


1 


58 


10 


40 


42 


35 


26 


11 


10 


70 


20 


65 


1,990 


5,565 


2,245 


17,069 


795 


2,775 


6,030 


2,265 


2,098 


2,640 


945 


32,995 


1,395 


66 


364 


1,525 


1,170 


881 


897 


2,011 


803 


1,571 


277 


928 


336 


1,047 


475 


67 


2,242,290 


9,676,734 


6,112,601 


9,221,243 


6,880,679 


11,852,291 


9,255,537 


11,417,339 


1,233,101 


4,164,769 


1,662,765 


6,762,432 


4,223,412 


68 


1,430,260 


5,954,942 


3, 189, 275 


4,464,943 


3,750,805 


8,006,752 


4,171,261 


3,886,980 


527,231 


2,308,100 


813,390 


2,139,188 


1,953,917 


69 


148,665 


1,153,080 


350,760 


1,222,970 


991,260 


1,508,210 


1,328,886 


1,249,805 


149,740 


241,375 


313,800 


812,436 


264,150 


70 


18,200 


145,170 


131,160 


118,077 


110,104 


151,550 


130,051 


254,449 


18,535 


117,630 


24,145 


213,532 


45,585 


71 


474,000 


1,376,405 


1,757,549 


2,578,188 


1,286,470 


1,255,480 


2,751,118 


4,126,666 


362,927 


920,936 


281,615 


2,300,005 


1,665,904 


72 


120, 550 


824, 355 


608,627 


595,729 


542,748 


798,724 


646,685 


1,091,804 


143,167 


465,573 


175,105 


784,793 


189,391 


73 


50,615 


222,782 


75,230 


241,336 


199,292 


131,575 


227,536 


807,635 


31,501 


111,155 


54,710 


512,478 


104,465 


1< 


206 


992 


626 


576 


616 


752 


489 


965 


147 


270 


245 


809 


208 


75 


3,770 


12,106 


8,556 


17,205 


2,495 


6,417 


12,782 


16,698 


2,200 


2,500 


3,860 


21,109 


715 


76 


121 


26 




70 


10 


1 


47 


215 


10 




10 


775 


10 


T7 


1,310 


306 




1,005 


83 


3 


545 


6,230 


135 




90 


18,536 


120 


78 


31,095 


9,405 




20,740 


3,518 


125 


15,560 


181, 526 


6,400 




1,100 


569,480 


2,500 


79 


255 


861 


497 


458 


686 


248 


383 


1,045 


136 


451 


230 


764 


61 


30 


4,185 


10,022 


7,191 


8,593 


11,492 


1,856 


7,417 


16,356 


1,825 


6,428 


3,240 


16,587 


480 


81 


229,005 


520,065 


371,244 


406,562 


641,955 


86,035 


348,075 


947,528 


69,080 


331,400 


141,850 


982,550 


20,250 


82 


14,040 


88,144 


74,832 


53,138 


54,750 


123,350 


51,446 


57,608 


21,296 


62,490 


21,035 


39,865 


21,600 


83 


10 


68 


20 


62 


45 


51 


70 


283 


21 


16 


15 


253 


15 


84 


55, 175 


162,578 


55,320 


634,300 


238,030 


355,865 


199,850 


3,357,067 


18,300 


47,700 


5,850 


2,397,880 


725 


85 



148 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table ^-CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL 

[Data are baaed on reports for only 



{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Kings 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number . . 

Land in farms acres . , 

Average size of fans acres . . 

Value of land and buildings average per farm, dollars . . 

average per acre, dollars . . 

Cropland harvested " farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total number., 

100 or mere days number , . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold number . . 

By tenure: 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners ^number . . 

Managers number . . 

XII tenants , number . . 

Specified equipment and facilities: 

Grain combines farms reporting. , 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Pick-up balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting.. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . . 

Gravel, shell, or shale farms reporting. . 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . . 

Farm labor, week preceding enumeration: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days). . farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Livestock and poultry on farms: 

Cattle and calves farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Chickens, 4 months old and over farms reporting. , 

number. . 

Livestock and poultry sold: 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting . , 

number.. 
Calves sold alive farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting. 

number . 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Wool farms reporting . 

pounds . 

Specified (arm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars. 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars . 

Machine hire dollars . 

Hired labor dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and frees dollars . 

Crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. , 

acres . , 



Wheat. 



. farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels . 

. farms reporting. 

acres . 

bushels . 



Land from which hay was cut acres . 

Vegetables for sale (other than 

Irish and sweet potatoes X farms reporting . 

dollars . 



10 
400 



1,110 

240,735 

216.9 

21,958 

99.45 

1,085 

95,601 

314 
201 



777 

263 

10 

60 

289 

294 

21 

21 

789 

805 

830 

1,068 

1,060 

2,394 

960 

1,252 

1,025 

700 

1,049 

1,024 



894 



1,070 
1,044 
1,033 

663 
980 
284 
366 

1,065 

52,594 

1,054 

35,511 

263 

496 

116 

472 

325 

20,715 

803 

4,983 

1,028 

21,675 



10 

85 

115 

6,625 

145 

118,860 

1,044 

11,181,886 

16 

985 

1,110 

6,009,895 

3,055,705 

1,194,570 

129,835 

809,210 

647,395 
173,180 

818 
10,470 

45 

305 

9,125 

778 

12,222 

623,605 



31 
165,000 



1,987 
480,871 

242.0 
16,026 

67.61 

1,906 
190,973 

701 
345 

205 

1,332 
506 

34 
115 

676 
682 



1,349 
1,365 
1,186 
1,458 
1,861 
3,804 
1,792 
2,251 
1,835 
1,345 
1,821 
1,764 

1,754 
127 
101 

1,891 
1,869 
1,849 

731 

1,022 

518 

746 

1,874 

85,011 

1,802 

51,059 

529 

1,175 

445 

1,985 

818 

88,820 

1,535 

10,791 

1,721 

31,514 

56 

1,160 

23 

2,493 

287 

62,137 

407 

898,610 

1,811 

16,642,245 

38 

19,965 

1,982 
9,188,873 
4,726,115 
1,269,564 
225,963 
1,688,449 

996,736 
282,046 

963 
14,458 

149 
1,910 
27,376 

1,609 

37,961 

1,881,215 



50,000 
42,857.14 



160 

5 

160 



5 

105 



16 
184,800 
70,000 
30,000 

39,000 

10,550 
35,250 



1,008 

257,323 

255.3 

16,335 

62.79 

997 

85,693 

297 
110 



821 

177 

10 

263 
264 
10 
10 
751 
751 
771 
983 
973 

2,050 
882 

1,037 
882 
785 
937 
947 

691 
179 
123 

1,002 
982 
966 

554 
839 
256 

306 

977 

46,687 

966 

32,336 

364 

710 

272 

986 

433 

28,882 

776 

4,443 

956 

20,590 

35 

765 

17 

134 

147 

13,006 

232 

209,025 

961 

10,358,617 

32 

1,495 

1,008 

5,616,779 

3,367,295 

880,496 

103,341 

655,413 

493,673 
116,561 

447 
4,891 

5 
30 
320 

735 

12,166 

622,845 

68,425 



10 

350 



957 

267,161 

279.2 

36,970 

135.73 

952 

127,759 

314 
182 



554 

317 

86 

639 
716 
328 
336 
736 
745 
786 

1,340 
907 

2,569 
877 

1,280 
882 
734 
715 
696 

643 
237 
66 

896 
867 

847 

314 
473 
348 
624 

816 

43,922 

741 

21,585 

245 

702 

246 

2,948 

322 

49,047 

680 
6,566 

726 
12,165 

104 
2,225 

153 
12,371 

136 
28,595 

171 
443,990 

714 
7,581,261 

159 
118,788 

957 

5,732,475 

1,630,311 

809,847 

139,695 

1,758,417 

929,495 
464,710 

805 
24,274 

784 

20,309 

681,230 

754 

15,759 

915,380 



150 
487,963 



1,281 

278,800 

217.6 

23,207 

109.27 

1,251 

114,017 

377 
231 



742 

459 

15 

65 

513 

525 

203 

207 

948 

1,015 

890 

1,241 

1,181 

2,847 

1,169 

1,549 

1,161 

914 

1,118 

1,103 

885 
271 
110 

1,211 
1,184 
1,169 

511 
731 
410 
640 

1,168 

63,063 

1,138 

38,440 

316 

688 

165 

615 

420 

130,200 

943 

7,563 

1,143 

23,408 

30 

120 

15 

115 

175 

61,815 

200 

1,317,120 

1,JJ38 

14,054,615 

25 

3,515 

1,281 

8,260,327 

4,274,060 

973,410 

174,110 

1,671,363 

829,188 
338,196 

999 

20,460 

78 
1,103 
33,800 

994 

19,380 

1,157,525 



84 
999,565 



1,206 

194,013 

160.9 

55,110 

354.26 

1,186 

118,645 

227 
125 



614 
487 

105 

572 

628 

290 

302 

616 

625 

976 

1,720 

1,140 

3,280 

1,121 

1,560 

1,141 

822 

558 

533 

1,162 
12 
10 

1,156 
1,129 
1,109 

384 

457 

445 

1,088 

729 

31,454 

653 

15,849 

177 

408 

230 

7,255 

391 

205,760 

534 
5,523 

587 
9,515 

155 

8,270 

50 

3,025 

226 
115,915 

256 

2,472,312 

578 

5,830,660 

60 

22,565 

1,206 

8,062,892 

1,875,650 

500,058 

238,162 

3,639,442 

1,120,835 
688,745 

769 
16,865 

825 
18,234 
540,945 

754 

14,280 

853,330 



440 
2,944,516 



NEW YORK 



149 



FARMS, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 

a sample of forms. See text] 



Montgomery 


Nassau 


New Yori 


Niagara 


Oneida 


Onondaga 


Ontario 


Orange 


Orleans 


Oswego 


Otsego 


Putnam 


Queens 




911 


213 




1,134 


1,795 


1,196 


1,189 


1,747 


767 


1,151 


1,934 


91 


55 


' 1 


182,861 


3,627 




144,447 


354,685 


223,328 


242,929 


215,414 


138,488 


201,838 


418,159 


19,080 


128 


2 


200.7 


17.0 




127.4 


197.6 


186.7 


204.3 


123.3 


180.6 


175.4 


216.2 


209.7 


2.3 


3 


25,085 


118,360 




31,751 


27,081 


30,267 


28,899 


37,590 


26,843 


16,001 


19,032 


50,469 


38,139 


4 


127.58 


8,350.13 




249.06 


136.19 


168.64 


148.29 


307.59 


146.42 


93.10 


88.85 


256.08 


21,557.07 


5 


886 


202 




1,092 


1,744 


1,151 


1,164 


1,586 


756 


1,111 


1,788 


59 


54 


e 


94,321 


2,026 




92,465 


142,023 


109,637 


136,312 


102,610 


79,797 


66,336 


135,147 


5,773 


106 


7 


125 


15 




380 


516 


391 


437 


390 


317 


426 


527 


5 


5 


8 


40 


15 




260 


261 


171 


261 


200 


151 


230 


247 






a 


40 


15 




305 


201 


145 


180 


200 


131 


226 


246 




10 


10 


540 


171 




658 


1,127 


542 


530 


1,003 


431 


723 


1,091 


37 


51 


u 


316 


6 




386 


612 


598 


563 


478 


306 


387 


721 


16 


1 


12 


5 


10 




15 


5 


1 


16 


11 


10 


1 


21 


18 


3 


13 


50 


26 




75 


51 


55 


80 


255 


20 


40 


101 


20 




14 


361 






426 


460 


618 


695 


47 


346 


233 


331 


6 


... 


15 


361 








437 


465 


634 


737 


47 


347 


253 


337 


6 




16 


70 








225 


132 


353 


289 


51 


242 


91 


37 


5 




17 


70 








230 


132 


355 


293 


62 


250 


107 


37 


5 




IS 


726 








435 


1,214 


844 


736 


759 


307 


614 


1,273 


33 




19 


756 








435 


1,243 


875 


751 


769 


315 


632 


1,296 


39 




20 


696 


161 




849 


1,280 


786 


849 


1,261 


682 


711 


1,179 


80 


40 


21 


878 


317 




1,144 


1,869 


1,032 


1,408 


2,142 


1,056 


836 


1,579 


152 


68 


22 


851 


101 




1,082 


1,645 


1,175 


1,144 


1,521 


752 


1,051 


1,728 


55 


15 


23 


2,061 


203 




2,447 


3,981 


2,667 


3,061 


3,446 


2,215 


2,089 


3,523 


154 


20 


24 


836 


193 




1,064 


1,590 


1,105 


1,107 


1,607 


712 


1,036 


1,744 


81 


35 


25 


1,101 


286 




1,460 


2,099 


1,411 


1,462 


2,089 


1,043 


1,265 


2,111 


168 


45 


26 


801 


208 




1,064 


1,605 


1,156 


1,119 


1,612 


722 


1,081 


1,754 


91 


55 


27 


701 


41 




742 


1,295 


829 


842 


951 


476 


795 


1,398 


80 


11 


28 


831 


10 




471 


1,546 


919 


666 


948 


320 


889 


1,618 


32 


1 


29 


836 


10 




461 


1,546 


894 


656 


973 


306 


884 


1,642 


32 


1 


30 


635 


201 




1,097 


1,564 


986 


767 


1,368 


650 


874 


1,132 


63 


53 


31 


191 


4 




21 


95 


140 


361 


137 


61 


167 


461 


11 




32 


80 


5 




10 


130 


60 


61 


186 


50 


100 


341 


17 




33 


906 


200 




1,064 


1,774 


1,141 


1,089 


1,647 


717 


1,056 


1,884 


91 


55 


34 


901 


189 




1,043 


1,758 


1,110 


1,078 


1,609 


680 


1,035 


1,838 


86 


55 


35 


896 


184 




1,013 


1,722 


1,085 


1,068 


1,573 


660 


1,014 


1,803 


86- 


55 


36 


436 


66 




475 


824 


472 


416 


754 


310 


457 


894 


33 


10 


37 


622 


76 




605 


1,139 


662 


582 


999 


435 


659 


1,265 


49 


15 


38 


305 


131 




308 


488 


305 


309 


552 


240 


214 


458 


56 


40 


39 


385 


533 




522 


771 


543 


649 


1,063 


729 


327 


656 


103 


136 


40 


861 


15 




760 


1,657 


1,029 


925 


1,058 


491 


980 


1,733 


53 


1 


11 


41,207 


660 




21,250 


78,574 


46,989 


39,036 


47,744 


17,289 


35,554 


74,563 


3,186 


200 


42 


846 


15 




650 


1,607 


954 


812 


1,028 


431 


949 


1,688 


47 


1 


41 


26,805 


410 




10,275. 


51,592 


26,485 


18,164 


34,912 


7,611 


20,716 


47,225 


1,815 


200 


44 


140 


7 




140 


396 


296 


237 


201 


133 


272 


494 


22 




a 


235 


8 




330 


1,011 


1,016 


500 


543 


583 


516 


931 


604 




ir. 


120 


5 




285 


232 


216 


317 


100 


203 


176 


254 






IT 


370 


25 




4,360 


2,418 


3,864 


8,685 


335 


8,944 


1,829 


1,641 






4k 


510 


15 




486 


708 


481 


481 


574 


312 


487 


825 


43 




19 


177,420 


300 




186,800 


109,430 


197,830 


239,400 


531,135 


251,320 


168,635 


326,341 


110,800 




50 


641 


10 




555 


1,247 


783 


629 


822 


356 


739 


1,357 


48 


1 


r.l 


3,660 


60 




3,900 


8,587 


5,935 


6,701 


5,405 


4,040 


5,474 


8,358 


1,108 


25 


52 


836 


15 




560 


1,586 


929 


738 


978 


420 


854 


1,674 


38 




S3 


17,240 


125 




5,885 


31,612 


15,760 


10,269 


24,119 


4,743 


12,285 


29,944 


2,128 




14 


10 






180 


26 


81 


157 


10 


148 


51 


46 






5.1 


230 






5,615 


1,485 


3,305 


9,620 


170 


10,735 


1,130 


1,568 






56 


10 






35 


15 


35 


116 


5 


115 


5 


42 


1 




57 


525 






1,395 


210 


355 


8,296 


25 


20,590 


40 


1,099 


12 




58 


180 


1 




321 


221' 


266 


326 


243 


276 


296 


409 


28 




St 


253,085 


112,000 




182,490 


501,160 


303,565 


276,095 


320,615 


246,075 


157,750 


2,294,062 


260,450 




no 


240 


1 




371 


276 


301 


351 


278 


271 


332 


463 


32 




SI 


1,467,965 


78,000 




2,036,195 


1,126,070 


2,200,920 


2,874,260 


5,967,490 


2,624,445 


2,060,135 


3,748,386 


1,578,040 




62 


831 


15 




520 


1,576 


894 


696 


978 


361 


904 


1,668 


32 


1 


St 


9,489,850 


164,210 




3,523,365 


17,184,031 


9,298,905 


7,011,796 


14,578,041 


2,741,188 


7,218,685 


15,676,091 


735,875 


261,000 


64 


15 


25 




45 


25 


40 


126 


25 


110 


10 


48 


2 




61 


3,185 


3,545 




15,685 


1,005 


4,765 


69,600 


800 


74,765 


1,950 


15,987 


260 




N 


911 


208 




1,134 


1,795 


1,196 


1,189 


1,747 


767 


1,151 


1,934 


91 


55 


67 


5,318,070 


3,879,556 




5,121,090 


10,844,658 


6,490,982 


6,648,425 


14,386,802 


6,474,982 


5,298,079 


10,954,541 


1,102,928 


1,211,326 


Si 


2,806,885 


181,900 




1,453,350 


5,240,019 


3,116,805 


2,230,085 


6,700,487 


1,551,255 


2,890,542 


6,802,688 


549,725 


110,000 


69 


739,480 


60,000 




527,275 


1,413,947 


580,635 


992,055 


1,988,325 


782,780 


704,242 


1,349,925 


243,315 




70 


106,600 






218,575 


231,811 


203,335 


255,556 


180,221 


253,058 


143,515 


181,900 


6,258 




71 


905,005 


2,442,500 




1,959,485 


2,270,732 


1,483,297 


1,875,231 


3,939,884 


2,807,410 


953,322 


1,473,860 


237,030 


705,200 


72 


597,755 


476,068 




659,050 


1,164,357 


774,520 


869,591 


974,695 


715,558 


477,183 


909,398 


5,3600 


93,126 


73 


162,345 


719,088 




303,355 


523,792 


332,390 


425,907 


603,190 


364,921 


129,275 


236,770 


13,000 


303,000 


74 


791 


5 




795 


1,305 


1,049 


909 


718 


552 


884 


245 


32 




75 


16,670 


40 




18,230 


23,441 


24,245 


22,371 


15,515 


14,868 


11,780 


14,397 


550 




76 


130 






841 


111 


517 


976 


10 


598 


86 


46 


1 




77 


1,125 






13,510 


1,233 


6,180 


20,097 


25 


11,114 


900 


362 


15 




78 


19,740 






413,185 


41,924 


202,095 


714, 569 


500 


304,860 


19,335 


7,450 


450 




79 


731 






741 


1,129 


1,044 


934 


60 


468 


660 


1,122 






80 


13,620 






13,275 


18,520 


23,205 


22,087 


470 


8,115 


8,869 


14,752 






81 


663,375 






712,145 


1,130,900 


1,341,325 


1,490,060 


18,925 


485,480 


373,465 


757,993 






82 


62,726 


60 




27,140 


83,161 


49,485 


45,005 


70,692 


18,291 


40,587 


102,924 


4,943 




83 


30 


31 




285 


170 


116 


288 


451 


377 


131 


42 






.54 


85,600 


611,000 




563,475 


1,169,031 


309,735 


1,101,145 


5,091,287 


3,501,125 


1,036,705 


489,750 






85 



150 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table ^-CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL 



[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



St. Lawrence 



Saratoga 



Schenectady Schoharie 



Schuyler 



Farms, acreage, and value: 

All commercial farms number . 

Land in farms acres . 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildings average per farm, dollars . 

average per acre, dollars , 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres. 

Farm operators: 

Working off their farms, total number. 

100 or more days number . 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold number . 

By tenure: 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

Managers ". number . 

All tenants number . 

Specified equipment and facilities: 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Corn pickers farms reporting . 

number. 
Pick-up balers forms reporting . 

number . 
Motortrucks farms reporting . 

number. 
Tractors other than garden farms reporting . 

number. 
Automobiles farms reporting . 

number. 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting . 

Electric milk cooler farms reporting. 

Farms by kind of road on which located: 

Hard surface farms reporting . 

Gravel , shell, or shale farms reporting. 

Dirt or unimproved farms reporting . 

Farm tabor, week preceding enumeration: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 or more hours farms reporting . 

persons. 
Regular hired workers (employed 150 or more days) . . farms reporting . 

persons . 

Livestock and poultry on farms: 

Cattle and calves farms reporting . 

number . 
Milk cows farms reporting . 

number. 
Horses and/or mules farms reporting , 

number , 
Hogs and pigs farms reporting . 

number. 
Chickens , 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number . 
Livestock and poultry sold: 

Cattle, not counting calves, sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 
Calves sold alive farms reporting . 

number . 
Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. 

number . 
Sheep and lambs sold alive farms reporting, 

number. 
Chickens including broilers sold farms reporting. 

number , 

Livestock and poultry products sold: 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . 
Milk and cream sold farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Wool farms reporting . 

pounds . 

Specified farm expenditures: 

Any specified farm expenditures farms reporting . 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars . 

Purchase of livestock and poultry dollars. 

Machine hire dollars. 

Hired labor dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil for 

the farm business dollars. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees dollars , 

Crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. , 

acres . , 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

acres . , 
bushels . , 

Oats farms reporting. . 

acres . , 
bushels . 

Land from which hay was cut acres . . 

Vegetables for sale (other than 

Irish and sweet potatoes) farms reporting., 

dollars . , 



/36 

139,655 

189.7 

22,440 

124.94 

711 

58,794 

186 
76 



420 
276 

40 

209 
214 
147 
152 
440 
460 
534 
758 
705 
1,486 
645 
829 
690 
500 
623 
623 

394 
202 
140 

730 
698 
697 

323 
420 
174 
272 

670 

24,898 

649 

15,687 

176 

460 

131 

1,662 

397 

177,370 

508 

3,094 

628 

10,765 

45 

1,175 

45 

740 

225 

156,950 

250 

2,144,080 

619 

5,159,053 

40 

5,170 

736 

4,082,742 

2,278,015 

501,530 

85,690 

676,535 

413,187 
127,785 

573 
10,875 

35 

290 

6,950 

488 

6,140 

273,785 

39,610 



45 
235,750 



36 

275 

7.6 

41,389 

5,418.18 

15 

135 



5 

500 



5 

40 

36 

353,325 

20,000 

7,500 

750 

196,900 

58,500 
69,675 



72 

3,136 

43.6 

77,752 

1,570.48 

45 

1,955 

10 
5 



52 

129 

56 

127 

60 

75 

67 

25 

1 

1 

70 
2 



72 
71 
71 

30 
55 
37 
83 

6 

130 

1 

125 

10 

30 



11 

77,000 

1 
10 

1 
50 



5 

30 

11 

36,375 

11 

784,500 

2 

65,555 

5 

350 

72 

678,280 

155,935 

37,000 

53,450 

336,100 

39,310 
56,485 



15 
180,000 



15 
119,680 



2,530 
611,593 

241.7 
14,237 

58.86 

2,475 
200,241 

850 
463 

307 

1,850 
534 

1 
145 

246 
246 

11 
11 
1,538 
1,558 
1,297 
1,440 
2,340 
4,167 
2,215 
2,588 
2,179 
1,768 
2,308 
2,017 

2,025 
313 

182 

2,459 
2,423 
2,398 

1,364 

2,098 

474 

595 

2,409 

97,931 

2,379 

59,795 

852 

2,183 

602 

3,578 

1,025 

159,390 

1,878 

11,210 

2,359 

37,440 

95 

2,330 

52 

770 

332 

69,100 

477 

1,875,375 

2,369 

17,186,470 

83 

10,377 

2,530 
9,998,925 
5,937,659 
1,194,220 
289,677 
1,257,080 

1,087,215 
233,074 

1,159 
12,330 

26 

122 

4,250 

1,490 

21,446 

1,115,500 



26 
29,450 



575 

110,770 

192.6 

22,704 

119.84 

530 

45,287 

152 
102 



340 
194 

11 
30 

103 
103 
77 
77 
323 
325 
350 
493 
535 
1,114 
500 
628 
534 
410 
443 
434 

374 

71 

125 

555 
549 
539 

276 
356 
119 
223 

485 

18,893 

469 

11,473 

102 

283 

91 

611 

261 

86,610 

342 

1,852 

448 

6,470 

25 

660 

15 

735 

116 

37,835 

126 

934,260 

443 

3,719,095 

25 

9,030 

575 

2,862,528 

1,476,660 

396,826 

61,649 

509,118 

237,472 
180,803 

558 
10,292 

56 

675 

17,080 

383 

5,250 

234,960 



26 
79,165 



217 

27,598 

127.2 

30,653 

252.92 

201 
13,188 

65 

45 



132 

75 

5 

5 

50 
50 
20 
20 
125 
125 
122 
179 
192 
360 
192 
227 
212 
127 
105 
105 

202 

5 

10 

212 
212 
207 

95 
125 

72 
122 

145 

3,625 

140 

2,205 

30 

60 

16 

267 

81 

99,265 

95 

380 

115 

1,285 

6 

175 

5 

65 

36 

70,000 

41 

1,327,400 

110 

785,565 

5 

425 

217 

1,139,950 

490,610 

65,285 

14,710 

370,300 

79,550 
119,495 

85 
1,830 

11 
118 
790 

101 
1,445 
52,930 

8,240 



35 
162,750 



884 

201,181 

227.6 

21,484 

95.53 

834 

77,482 

336 
161 



492 
357 
10 
25 

221 
226 
87 
87 
638 
655 
604 
790 
824 

1,732 
799 

1,049 
839 
689 
748 
763 

572 

226 

86 

854 
819 
793 

422 
582 
259 

357 

793 

32,539 

763 

20,143 

228 

620 

187 

1,013 

407 

194,910 

622 

4,163 

743 

13,102 

65 

1,825 

35 

680 

192 

806,147 

242 

1,878,520 

758 

7,139,445 

35 

5,475 

884 

4,974,924 

2,929,473 

549,090 

85,060 

886,676 

413,518 

111,107 

483 
7,768 

95 

780 

13,785 

467 

7,835 

343,105 



382 

76,365 

199.9 

16,190 

100.51 

372 
31,753 

127 

71 



245 
137 



192 
198 
67 
67 
202 
202 
222 
282 
352 
656 
362 
460 
347 
297 
221 
211 

241 
86 
55 

357 
342 
337 

156 
213 
47 



266 

7,805 

251 

4,370 

86 

216 

95 

1,250 

170 

133,165 

167 

1,592 

227 

2,575 

25 

865 

86 

4,665 

171 

531,820 

145 

1,342,160 

221 

1,484,405 

76 

39,945 

382 
1,620,095 
903,710 
203,585 
42,240 
256,825 

178,255 
35,480 

242 
4,365 

212 

2,760 

75,225 

297 

6,360 

320,170 



31 

70,135 



15 
2,200 



NEW YORK 



151 



FARMS, CENSUS OF 1959-Continued 



• sample of terns. See text] 



496 
104,469 
210.6 
26,660 
126.51 
436 
65,901 

201 
106 



280 
201 

15 

416 
496 
191 
192 
276 
276 
401 
552 
481 
1,260 
471 
614 
476 
361 
221 
226 

325 
130 

31 

451 
446 
446 

176 
241 
101 

114 

321 

12,164 

271 

5,716 

55 

100 

100 

510 

215 

186,500 

241 

1,705 

255 

2,945 

25 

80 

30 

1,015 

180 

120,075 

180 

2,479,550 

226 

2,145,907 

31 

11,798 

496 

1,902,775 

668,310 

340,865 

81,050 

392,670 

317,170 
102,710 

391 
12,060 

441 
11,682 
397,890 

421 
12,005 
731,300 



35 

50,810 



1,652 
460,077 

278.5 
19,539 

69.69 

1,622 
170,281 

593 

342 



976 
590 
16 

70 

793 

815 
90 
90 
1,066 
1,067 
1,051 
1,602 
1,587 
3,292 
1,487 
1,871 
1,437 
1,094 
1,304 
1,274 

887 
504 
245 

1,526 
1,523 
1,508 

635 
955 
291 
504 

1,446 

55,151 

1,376 

30,794 

387 

818 

328 

2,374 

658 

127,900 

1,004 

5,703 

1,276 

17,454 

78 

2,954 

99 

5,440 

260 

105,045 

340 

1,335,715 

1,329 

10,057,406 

109 

43,683 

1,652 

7,914,050 

3,094,017 

818,406 

187,756 

2,571,285 

947,083 
295,503 

1,025 
14,316 

711 

8,981 

220,860 

1,400 

33,127 

1,616,692 



100 
453,304 



1,080 

84,225 

78.0 

101,978 

1,405.09 

916 

60,774 

189 
72 



569 
390 
13 
108 

140 

140 

16 

16 

61 

61 

949 

2,964 

832 

2,585 

994 

1,511 

1,065 

582 

57 

42 

979 
29 
39 

1,054 
1,020 
1,005 

352 

554 

567 

1,858 

196 

2,873 

148 

1,823 

67 

281 

92 

591 

269 

374,171 

48 
432 

67 
1,191 

10 
175 



166 
356,020 

186 

4,290,130 

62 

985,720 

5 

60 

1,080 

20,768,160 

8,162,526 

1,176,469 

93,965 

6,989,552 

1,545,101 
2,800,547 

108 
995 

170 
1,742 
48,450 

10 

50 

1,300 



1,538 



478 
3,410,990 



693 

103,495 

149.3 

30,836 

224.89 

555 

30,099 

138 
83 



438 

228 

2 

25 

10 
10 
5 
5 
301 
301 
426 
593 
528 
853 
604 
711 
672 
514 
448 
454 

537 

38 

101 

673 
671 
666 

319 
430 

116 
217 

509 

17,952 

488 

10,755 

144 

228 

86 

381 

385 

1,117,670 

331 

1,785 

468 

6,725 

10 

395 

5 

15 

342 

1,773,765 

340 

13,382,808 

463 

3,756,345 

5 

250 

693 

8,063,794 

5,904,352 

1,090,710 

33,640 

687,390 

292,337 
55,365 



Tioga 



217 
1,773 



45 

375 

16,375 

27,314 



742 
177,430 
239.1 
24,293 
106.05 
686 
59,645 

255 

125 



426 

281 

5 

30 

286 

291 
80 
80 
465 
465 
532 
825 
671 
1,408 
637 
853 
672 
541 
580 
585 

480 
132 
125 

717 
701 
681 

385 
565 
187 
275 

635 

29,255 

610 

17,635 

181 

338 

85 

530 

330 

214,625 

495 

3,835 

560 

10,065 

35 

645 

10 

290 

210 

628,325 

220 

2,805,915 

575 

6,359,345 

10 

2,625 

742 

4,942,070 

3,022,005 

512,070 

100,475 

811,550 

380,285 
115,685 

505 
8,700 

105 

1,015 

24,245 

566 
10,105 
520,955 

39,855 



Xi 'lupiilm. 



654 
130,820 
200.0 
26,972 
131.95 
634 
60,207 

236 

131 



351 
282 

21 

298 
318 
183 
188 
444 
444 
439 
544 
609 
1,358 
608 
835 
599 
529 
448 
438 

469 

130 

50 

614 
588 
588 

275 
370 
169 
221 

528 

21,465 

483 

12,085 

117 

213 

125 

2,805 

272 

297,280 

407 

3,252 

458 

6,990 

50 

3,010 

31 

1,179 

157 

229,165 

187 

4,701,060 

433 

4,635,943 

41 

10,900 

654 

3,990,585 

2,427,495 

368,540 

111,615 

617,265 

355,915 
109,755 

629 
13,698 

277 

5,010 

151,480 

564 
10,906 
632,664 

28,507 



25 
36,980 



911 

110,873 

121.7 

39,466 

371.28 

763 

46,415 

282 

147 



637 

247 

7 

20 

43 

48 

52 

54 

280 

291 

621 

966 

689 

1,466 

829 

1,132 

860 

537 

294 

314 

750 

105 

60 

861 
828 
813 

436 
544 
276 
662 

470 

12,476 

414 

7,694 

162 

373 

71 

1,748 

364 

523,120 

304 

1,977 

375 

5,473 

21 

1,535 

30 

720 

271 

1,457,625 

294 

6,008,675 

328 

3,038,815 

51 

7,645 

911 

7,749,682 

3,577,542 

651,030 

97,340 

2,783,010 

469,820 
170,940 

225 
4,546 

60 

846 

25,185 

50 

674 

23,920 



96 

762,615 



82 

19,331 

235.7 

24,607 

131.96 

77 

2,150 

11 
10 



82 
82 

82 

31 
36 
16 

31 

57 

1,067 

52 

550 
25 
60 
16 

512 

42 

33,385 

21 
144 

36 

297 

6 

431 



26 

6,835 

31 
362,460 

26 

134,163 

5 

40 

82 

329,045 

227,260 

19,170 

3,635 

52,300 

25,925 
755 

16 
85 



2 

80 

1,625 

1,823 



5 
325 



Washing ton 



1,231 
301,090 

244.6 
17,021 

73.68 

1,206 
104,295 

331 
185 



769 

431 

1 

30 

185 

186 

131 

136 

809 

816 

720 

884 

1,114 

2,235 

1,120 

1,412 

1,125 

839 

1,093 

1,112 

763 
208 
255 

1,171 
1,135 
1,125 

397 
499 
381 
529 

1,144 

51,566 

1,114 

31,165 

308 

610 

192 

2,076 

444 

199,050 

921 

5,108 

1,119 

18,581 

50 

1,885 

40 

2,940 

210 

128,003 

255 

2,140,339 

1,108 

11,460,067 

62 

26,295 

1,231 

6,571,407 

3,721,176 

573,070 

171,618 

1,335,133 

589,865 
180,545 

1,018 
18,308 

36 

155 

3,750 

658 

8,154 

380,346 

77,072 



10 
74,615 



Wayne 



1,640 

242,944 

148.1 

25,079 

176.25 

1,61* 

138,809 

609 

290 



899 

657 

9 

75 

463 

473 

303 

30* 

565 

579 

1,27* 

1,946 

1,540 

3,835 

1,527 

2,021 

1,550 

1,091 

596 

590 

1,228 

208 
202 

1,534 
1,506 
1,481 

594 
894 
402 
829 

866 

27,749 

736 

14,389 

172 

511 

315 

*,*70 

540 

283,225 

589 
4,051 

714 
8,785 

155 

5,115 

30 

560 

405 
941,475 

425 

2,992,930 

625 

5,137,640 

30 

7,250 

1,640 

9,649,536 

2,116,875 

836,575 

425,318 

4,290,674 

1,254,645 
725,449 

953 
18,310 

834 
11,633 
366,949 

864 

14,227 
859,155 

30,034 



435 
2,334,615 



205 

17,511 

85.4 

168,472 

2,169.86 

189 

7,127 

30 
30 



134 
50 
21 



42 

47 
173 
309 
111 
31? 
195 
325 
200 
106 
21 
26 

202 

1 
1 

205 
198 
198 

38 

53 

123 

400 

47 

2,355 

17 

739 

33 

91 

20 

2,305 

58 

62,620 

47 
895 

26 
805 

10 
1,075 

100 

43 

79,925 

38 

1,032,750 

16 

308,500 

10 

1,280 

205 

2,970,650 

533,025 

144,316 

7,375 

1,631,499 

201,630 
452,805 

21 
325 



Wyoming 



2,975 



30 
133,500 



1,244 

266,781 

214.5 

24,899 

116.79 

1,204 

119,267 

387 

181 



732 
442 

70 

442 

444 

11* 

115 

796 

806 

699 

97* 

1,17* 

2,777 

1,1*3 

1,*65 

1,17* 

968 

1,092 

1,107 

786 
332 

111 

1,209 

1,198 
1,198 

509 
703 
3*9 
506 

1,167 

5*,376 

1,126 

33,107 

219 

420 

153 

1,920 

465 

72,240 

992 

7,135 

1,121 

20,383 

50 

1,785 

40 

6,445 

200 

63,480 

260 

791,485 

1,101 

12,160,608 

45 

26,950 

1,24* 

6,623,756 

3,023,210 

866,295 

228,422 

1,374,121 

781,963 
349,745 

951 
16,165 

437 

7,278 

215,031 

1,031 

19,568 

1,166,775 



82 

196,880 



722 

123,830 

171.5 

22,138 

130.90 

712 

66,4% 

225 
115 



476 
215 

1 
30 

382 

418 
201 
201 
347 
347 
562 
795 
702 
1,719 
617 
792 
672 
486 
380 
370 

525 

141 
51 

677 
672 
657 

231 
331 
146 
208 

476 

15,022 

411 

7,288 
130 
220 
175 

2,360 

276 

226,540 

340 

2,150 

370 

4,105 

70 

1,855 

66 

6,105 

201 

202,340 

211 

2,654,040 

365 

2,503,785 

81 

54,345 

722 

2,913,885 

1,090,455 

250,275 

135,585 

809,160 

443,150 
185,260 

466 
9,965 

602 
10,498 
3*0,065 

457 

8,815 

467,360 

19,400 



151 
850,090 



152 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 5.-FARMS REPORTING BY OFF-FARM WORK; AND FARMS BY TENURE OF OPERATOR, 

CENSUSES OF 1959 

[Most data for 1959 are based on reports 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Albany 



Allegany 



Cattaraugus 



Cayuga 



Chautauqua 



Estimated number of farms . 



1950. 

1954 . 

Faim operators by age: 

Operators reporting age number 1959 . 

Under 25 years number 1959 . 

•25 to rt4 years number 1959 . 

35 to 44 years number 1959 . 

45 to 51 years number 1959. 

55 to 64 years number 1959 . 

65 or more years number 1959 . 

Average age years 1959 . 

Off-farm work and other income: 

Farm operators- 
Working off their forms operators reporting 1959 . 

1954 . 

100 or more days operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of farm products sold operators reporting 1959 . 

1954. 

Farms by tenure of operator: 

Full owners number 1959 . 

1954. 
Part owners number 1959 . 

1954. 



Managers number 

All tenants number 

Cash tenanta number 

Share-cash tenants number 

Crop-share tenants number 

Livestock-share tenanta number 

Other and unspecified tenants number 



1954. 
1959 . 
1954.. 
1959.. 
1954 . 
1959.. 
1954 . 
1959. 
1954 . 

1959. 
1954 . 
1959. 
1954 . 



Farms by type of farm: 

Field-crop forms other than vegetable and r.ui r.n.l mil . . number 1959. . 

Cash-grain number 1959. . 

Tobacco number 1959. . 

Cotton number 1959 . . 

Other field-crop number 1959 . . 

Vegetable farms number 1959 . . 

Fruit-and-nut farms number 1959 . . 

Poultry farms number 1959 . . 

Dairy farms number 1959 . . 

Livestock farms other than poultry and dairy farms number 1959. . 

Livestock ranches number 1959 . . 

General farms number 1959 . . 

Miscellaneous and unclassified farms number 1959. . 

Farms by economic class: 

Commercial farma number 1959 . . 

(loss I number 1959 . . 

Class 11 number 1959 . . 

Class III number 1959 . . 

Class IV number 1959 . . 

Class V number 1959 . . 

Class VI -■• - number 1959 . . 

Other farms number 1959.. 

Part-time number 1959.. 

Part-retirement number 1959 . . 

Abnormal number 1959.. 

Value of products sold by source: 

All farm products sold total, dollars 1959 . . 

1954 . . 

average per farm, dollars 1959 . . 

1954.. 

All crop* sold dollars 1959 . 

1954.. 
Field crops, other than vegetables 

and fniits and nuts, sold dollars 1959. 

1954 . 

Vegetables sold dollars 1959. 

1054. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars 1959. 

1954 . 
Forest products and horticultural 

specialty products sold dollars 1959. 

1954. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars 1959. 

1954. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 

Dairy products sold dollars 1959 . 

1954. 
Livestock and livestock products, other 

Ulan poultry and dairy, sold dollars 1959. 

1954. 



81,359 
105,661 



61,422 
1,374 
8,965 
18,035 
20,480 
17,705 
14,863 
50.9 



37,005 
48,979 
27,946 
35,729 



29,636 
33,692 



57,093 
78,799 
20,832 

21,274 

535 

520 

3,899 

5,121 

1,964 

2,223 

225 

266 

245 

347 

385 

857 

1,080 

1,428 



2,524 
1,680 



844 

1,665 

2,694 

3,683 

39,089 

2,827 

2,376 
27,501 



56,760 
2,112 
6,657 
16,717 
17,313 
11,208 
2,753 

25,599 

18,728 

6,769 

102 



755,409,872 
668,487,613 
9,172 
6,327 
201,063,111 
207,036,308 

72,679,200 
74,634,640 
35,891,360 
35,199,618 
44,256,365 
54,416,604 

48,236,186 
42,785,446 

554,346,761 
461,451,305 
70,092,896 
78,292,073 
408,632,368 
334,322,440 

75,621,497 
48,836,792 



988 
1,075 

948 
13 
106 
185 
255 
206 
183 
51.5 



461 
500 
358 
375 



379 

305 



637 
853 
301 
254 

5 
10 
45 
58 
25 
36 



60 

5 

96 

351 



25 
366 



643 
7 

80 
160 
181 
150 

65 

345 

280 

65 



7,258,744 
6,095,614 
7,347 
5,670 
1,850,549 
1,623,834 

273,231 
371,552 
395,224 
626,268 
160,725 
170,247 

1,021,369 
455,767 

5,408,195 
4,471,780 
980,973 
1,020,732 
3,580,860 
2,939,770 

846,362 
511,278 



1,772 
2,061 

1,708 
31 
1