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Lebanon Valley College Magazine 

115th Annual Commencement 
Jean Love on The Life and Times of Virginia ^Voolf 

Ed Wahoju A Boston Treasure 

™ E \fcdlcy 

Lebanon Valley College Magazine 

SUMMER, 1984 

Table of Contents 



by Dawn C. Humphrey 


by Michael Drago 




by Lisa Meyer 



Dear Editor: 

Your Spring, 1984 issue contained an article on Dr. Shay 
which referenced his 1963 trip to the Far East. Reading this 
sent me to the attic, and after sorting through pictures, year 
books and other memorabilia from Lebanon Valley, I found 
one of the most treasured items that 1 have because of the 
fondness I have for the memories it provokes, and that is Dr. 
Shay's itinerary for that trip. I often tell people that the 
"Captain" was the most organized man I ever met and if I 
ever had to prove that statement, the itinerary would be 
Exhibit Number 1 . The computer shown on page 1 1 of the 
same issue has a very tough act to follow. 


Thomas E. Webb '64 

Dear Editor: 

Bravo to The Valley. Your first issue hit the jackpot for 
me: I found in the oldest classnote a report on my roommate, 
Frank Bryan. I had lost contact with him and was delighted to 
read that he is still active. I was very concerned about his 
health which was precarious at the time of our graduation. 
So, I have written him to re-establish friendship. Thanks. 

Yours truly, 

Gerald L. Hasbrouch '38 

Dear Editor: 

1 like the new magazine format better than the former 
"tabloid" style. This is much easier to handle and read. 

Thank you! 

William H. Jenkins '40 

Publisher Howard L. Applegate 

Editor Dawn C. Humphrey 

Alumni Editor Robert L. Unger 

Parents Editor Joseph P. Wengyn 

Sports Editor Scott B. Dimon 

Production Editor Mary B. Williams 

Creative Director Michael R. Casey 

Dear Editor: 

I was really thrilled today to receive my first copy of The 
Valley. I've been moving around a lot in the last few months 
and LVC hasn't been able to keep up with all my address 
changes. I'm glad The Valley caught up with me .... 


Patty McGregor '80 

The Valley is published quarterly by Lebanon Valley 
College. Second-class postage paid at Annville, PA. 

Please send address changes to Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, PA. Inquiries should be addressed 
to Dawn C. Humphrey, Editor, The Valley, Lebanon 
Valley College, Annville, PA 17003. Telephone: 
717-867-4411, ext. 225. 

© copyright 1984 Lebanon Valley College 

Dear Editor: 

I'd like to compliment you on your first issue of The 
Valley. All articles are appreciated as they are one way of 
keeping abreast of what is happening at "The Valley." 


Donna Gladhill Winch '72 

The Valley 2 


On May 13, a perfect spring day, 192 
students received degrees at Lebanon 
Valley College's 115th annual com- 
mencement ceremonies in Lynch Memo- 
rial Gymnasium. 

President Arthur L. Peterson 
officiated at the day's events, which 
began with a baccalaureate service at 
9:00 a.m. 

Baccalaureate speaker, the Most Rev- 
erend William H. Keeler, bishop of the 
Diocese of Harrisburg, counseled the 
graduates: "As you bring your idealism 
and enthusiasm to your future work places 
and communities, and most especially 
when you are motivated by religious 
principles impelling you to give witness 
to God's goodness and to serve others, 
you will encounter misunderstanding. 

"Sometimes there will be opposition. 
Sometimes there will be malice. But 
always try to remember that the Lord 
Jesus has given a principle to deal with 
such situations, to bring light into the 
bleakest of moments: 'Blessed are you 
when others revile you and persecute 
you and utter all kinds of evil against 
you on my account. Rejoice and be glad, 
for your reward is great in heaven . . . . ' 

"If you keep this principle of faith in 
your hearts, you will find that, in the 
worst of situations, the Lord can and 
will transmute a curse into a blessing. 
And that blessing, together with the 
sense of his presence, will be a source 
of strength, and indeed, of the deepest 
kind of joy — the joy and peace that no 
one can take from you." 

Commencement speaker William F. 
May, dean of the faculty of business 
administration and of the graduate 
school of business administration at 
New York University, echoed Keeler's 
optimism. He explained the importance 
of improved productivity if the United 
States is to outrun its competition in the 
world marketplace and said: "The 
critical role in improving productivity 
performance is played by business man- 
agement .... You have some turbulent 
times ahead . . . but I am confident you 
will truly come to grips with the nation's 
problems of world competitiveness." 

Keeler, who received an honorary 
doctor of divinity degree at the com- 
mencement, was honored for his 
"exceptional steps toward ecumenical 
openness" and for "personally spear- 
heading better relations between Cath- 
olics and Protestants and between 
-Christians and Jews in Central Penn- 

May, who received an honorary doc- 
tor of law degree, was honored for his 
role in the shaping of business trends 
towards providing leadership in the 
volunteer segment of society, whether 
social or philanthropic. On a personal 
level, he has assumed a responsibility to 
his community, epitomizing the remark- 
able contribution of American business 
leadership. In recommending May for 
the degree, Dean of the Faculty Richard 
Reed said: "William May has been 
recognized nationally as a dynamic and 
creative force in a wide variety of 
educational, cultural and religious 
organizations, including the National 

Council of Christians and Jews, which 
he served with great distinction as 

May was also recognized for his in- 
sightful academic leadership at NYU, 
where he has re-directed the thrust of 
graduate business education by insisting 
on a team-teaching method of instruc- 
tion. One of the key features of the 
team-teaching method is that each class 
is taught by two instructors — one a full- 
time member of the faculty and the 
other a member of the business com- 
munity drawn in to team-teach that 
particular course. As a result of this 
innovative approach, NYU has signifi- 
cantly improved its ranking among the 
country's top graduate business schools. 

Following commencement, graduates 
recessed from the gymnasium through 
the traditional LVC faculty line and 
continued out into the sunshine to pose 
for tearful photographs with friends and 

The Valley 4 

The Valley 5 


Prof Noted 


by Dawn Humphrey 

For more than twenty years, Dr. Jean 
O. Love, Lebanon Valley College pro- 
fessor of psychology, has been studying 
an absorbing and thorny subject — the 
life and writings of British author 
Virginia Woolf. 

In the course of her extensive study, 
Dr. Love has learned much about bio- 
graphy, particularly her own field of 
psychobiography, and has established 
an international reputation as one of the 
foremost Woolf scholars. "I suppose 
one would have to say I'm one of the 
'older' Woolf scholars," she says, 
"since I've been studying her life and 
work for over twenty years now." 

Recently Love appeared as the key- 
note speaker at the University of 
Michigan's Conference on Biography. 
One of five biographers in the nation 
invited to speak at the conference, her 
colleagues included biographers of 
Emily Dickinson, Walter Lippman and 
Mark Twain. 

She says of her address: "I took the 
theme of how much what we as bio- 
graphers think we know is discovered 
and how much is created. It seems that 
many times we are inventing material we 
begin to consider as factual." She used 
illustrations from her own research of 
Virginia Woolf "... to philosophically 
explore how we know people, particu- 
larly people we are writing about." 

"In doing a biography" she said, 
"most of us are working with primary 
documents, but the question is how we 
evaluate those documents. Many times 
the writer of the primary document has 
been inventing. When a person is fa- 
mous, the question remains: Is he 
writing for biographers or for himself 

The Valley 6 


and his friends in the letters and diaries 
biographers depend upon?" 

"Both Mark Twain and Walt Whit- 
man became very conscious of being 
famous," she says. "There was a point 
where Samuel Clemens became Mark 
Twain. Walt Whitman purposely ob- 
fuscated and put out things that would 
confuse and mystify because he thought 
his Leaves of Grass was a sufficient 
account of his life. Similarly, Emily 
Dickinson tried to keep everyone from 
knowing who she was. The thought of 
a biography probably would have 
horrified her." 

"Virginia Woolf thought about the 
whole thing," says Love, but unlike 
some of her colleagues, she simply tried 
to hide information about herself rather 
than to mislead people. 

"In writing in her diaries, she 
supposed her husband would make 
them into a book and then burn the 
originals," Love explains. Conse- 
quently, "She presented herself very 
differently in the diaries and letters than 
she did in her published works." This 
is not unusual, says Love, who in addi- 
tion to her doctoral training in psychol- 
ogy, is a former clinical psychologist. 
"Many times when people are particu- 
larly troubled and they have no one to 
talk to about their problems, their 
diaries contain what a person might say 
on a therapist's couch on a particularly 
bad day. It is said that Virginia Woolf's 
diaries -have been pawed over, even 
though I am among those doing it." 

Love began her research on Woolf as 
part of a study of creativity. Her broad- 
based work shifted focus when she got 
to Virginia Woolf and, she says, "I 
realized that I did not understand her 
writing. I said, 'Here is a fascinating 
mind, but an extremely perplexing one.' " 

Her research has been fueled by 
several lucky coincidences. 

In 1962, prior to traveling to England 
to study Virginia Woolf's diaries, she 
corresponded with Woolf's husband, 
who told her the diaries were in the Berg 
Collection in New York. Following her 
return to the United States, she was one 

of the first researchers to read through 
the diaries. 

Her research continued and in 1970 
she published Worlds in Consciousness, 
which explores Woolf's "mythopoetic 
thought that in many ways can be com- 
pared to early Buddhistic thought." 

In 1974, when she began serious 
research for her second book, a psycho- 
biography, she was sure she would have 
to concentrate on Woolf's adult years 
since so little was known of her child- 

Quentin Bell, Woolf's nephew, had 
written "a fine general biography" says 
Love. But he had been unable to find 
important family letters that had dis- 
appeared after Woolf's death. 

Just as she was beginning serious 
research, the letters were acquired by the 
Berg Collection in New York City. The 
letters, more than 550 in all, chronicled 
the Woolf family history from the court- 
ship of Virginia's parents, through their 
seventeen years of marriage. 

Love was one of the first researchers 
to read the letters, and the private 
glimpses of the Woolf family contained 
in the letters allowed her to devote 
Sources of Madness and Art entirely to 
Virginia Woolf's life before the age of 

"I wasn't trying to do a general bio- 
graphy," she explains, "I was trying to 
do a biography as a psychologist." In 
writing her biography, she decided to 
give up all technical language. "Very 
hard for a psychologist to do," she 
observes. "I put personality theory way 
on the back burner. Using Freud or 
Erickson sets you up to look for certain 
things and to overlook other things that 
may be totally contradictory." Love was 
not taking chances. "I tried to judge 
each bit of evidence in its own right and 
then to evaluate the evidence in the light 
of accepted theories." 

One of the problems in studying 
Woolf, says Love, is that "in addition 
to being an exceedingly complex person, 
to many she was a charismatic figure. 
Because of this, people can make of her 
what they need her to be." Although 

The Valley 7 



Woolf has often been adopted by the 
feminist movement, Love says, "She 
was a feminist, but that was a small part 
of her writing. She became a cult figure 
and was mythologized to the point that 
the popular conception has become a 

The book now in manuscript is actu- 
ally volume two of Sources of Madness 
and Art. It will explore Woolf 's life and 
writings from age twenty-five to her 
death. Love says she has relied not only 
on correspondence, but also on Woolf's 
writings themselves for both volumes. 

"Virginia Woolf was very self-reveal- 
ing in her writing," Love explains. 
"Really, it's almost necessary to treat 
her novels as primary biographical 
sources. Ideas about death and dying are 
found in her writing and her diaries and 
those same ideas pervade her novels. I 
found that she was living consciously 
toward death much of her life, and yet, 
at the same time, she was a very alive 
and vital person." 

Love explains that in addition to 
being a brilliant writer with the uncanny 
ability to create rich visual images, 
Virginia Woolf was also "periodically 
mad, as they called it, or in modern 
terms, psychotic." 

Psychosis is a psychological disorder 
characterized by a loss of contact with 
reality, mental disorientation, hallucina- 
tions and delusions. The disorder may 
be the result of organic causes such as 
brain injury or drug abuse or it may be 
of a strictly mental origin. Such was the 
case with Virginia Woolf, Love believes. 
She had been plagued all her life by 
deaths of close family members and 
Love believes this series of tragic deaths 
may have contributed to the author's 
emotional and mental problems. 

In fact, says Love, Woolf's periods of 
psychosis correspond closely to periods 

The Valley 8 

Virginia i 


,v v 

Recently Love appeared as 

the keynote speaker at the 

University of Michigan's 

Conference on Biography. 

One of five biographers in 

the nation invited to speak 

at the conference, her 

colleagues included 

biographers of Emily 

Dickinson, Walter Lippman 

and Mark Twain. 

of intense personal upheaval, including 
the death of several family members and 
the first two years of her marriage to 
Leonard Woolf. 

One particularly distressing period of 
upheaval was responsible for Woolf's 
death, explains Love. In 1941 "she 
thought she was slipping into another 
period of psychosis." The psychosis, 
Love says, was precipitated by the war. 
"She had always had a lot of chaos 
churning in her. Now, the whole world 
seemed to be acting out what she felt. 
She chose suicide rather than going on." 

Love points out, however, that 
Woolf's madness "comprised relatively 
limited intervals of an extraordinarily 
productive and creative life. The sheer 
quantity of her writing establishes that 
she could not often have been incapaci- 
tated. Rather, she was in control of 
herself most of the time, although rarely 
if ever secure from the threat of mental 
and emotional disturbance." 

Love's research has centered on the 
relationship between the madness and 
the art of Virginia Woolf, and as the 
title of her book suggests, she believes 
both sprang from the same source. 

She explains that Woolf never lost the 
young child's ability to think and create 

in vivid visual images. "A mind that 
leans heavily on visual imagery has to 
be unstable," she says. "It is when we 
translate our thoughts into language that 
we stabilize them." Often Woolf's 
poetic, mythic prose was simply a 
description of her own mental images. 

Woolf's work has been compared to 
ancient Chinese poetry and to that of 
many of her contemporaries, including 
James Joyce. "People say she was imi- 
tating James Joyce," says Love. "But 
James Joyce broke up language and 
then put it back together. Virginia 
Woolf almost always used conventional 
form, but she invested words with 
different meanings." Also, says Love, 
"when you understand what she was 
doing by recording her own idiosyncratic 
images, you realize she couldn't have 
been imitating anyone. Hers is a unique 
form of stream of consciousness writing." 

And Love's is a unique form of bio- 
graphy. Her perspective is unusual, her 
style engaging and (to borrow a phrase 
from Virginia Woolf) her work as satis- 
fying as "the knock of a mallet on sea- 
soned timber." 

Editor's Note: 

For those interested in exploring 
Virginia Woolf's worlds, Jean Love 
recommends To the Lighthouse and To 
the Waves as the most representative of 
her novels. 

Dawn Humphrey, editor of The Valley, 
is the College's director of information 

Ed Walton never thought of becoming 
a baseball writer. At first, he was just 
a fan. A Boston Red Sox fan, and a 
devoted one at that. 

When his family moved from New 
Jersey to Connecticut, Walton, then age 
ten, began following the Bosox. He 
attended games at Fenway Park, fell in 
love with the team, and cheered on the 
likes of Ted Williams, Jimmie Foxx and 
Bobby Doerr. 

Years later, while searching for a 
book on his favorite subject, he 
stumbled onto what has turned into a 
fascinating hobby. He filled out a reader 
survey card he found in the book, 
adding a note to the publisher explaining 
that he had compiled a manuscript on 
the history of the Red Sox. He asked if 
they might be interested. 

They were. And Ed Walton's writing 
career was underway. Walton, who 
attended Lebanon Valley College in 
1949-50, has since authored four books 
on baseball and the Red Sox. He is 
presently adding the finishing touches to 
a fifth, The Language of Baseball. 

Walton's full-time job is Director of 
Administrative Services at the University 
of Bridgeport. But his full-time love is 
the Boston Red Sox. 

The team's unofficial historian, he 
also writes articles and researches 
statistics for the Red Sox scorecard and 
media guide, and advises the front office 
with player evaluations on minor league 
players. Once, through his statistical 
research, he changed the outcome of an 
American League batting champion- 

While paging through Red Sox record 
books, Walton came across an in- 
accuracy in the home run total of 
Boston's Tris Speaker. Walton's total 
showed Speaker with one more homer 
than the official 1912 records credited 
him. It was an important oversight: 
Speaker had lost the title to 
Philadelphia's Frank "Home Run" 
Baker by just one home run. 

Walton spotted an error in a score 
sheet, then confirmed his assumption by 
locating an old newspaper cartoon that 
showed Speaker rounding the bases. He 
presented his argument to the Baseball 
Hall of Fame. The Hall accepted it — a 
rarity considering the importance of the 
record — and, two decades after his 
death, Tris Speaker was awarded his 
only home run title. 

As Casey Stengel used to say, you can 
look it up. 

That, in essence, is what baseball 
historians like Walton live for. A 
member of the SABR (The Society for 
American Baseball Research), much of 
Walton's life has been dedicated to 
investigating — and correcting — figures 
such as Speaker's. The average person 
might find his work trivial, but to the 
true baseball fan, it is as relative as 

The Valley I 

Ed Walton (center) with Boston Red Sox Jim Wilson, Ed Jurak and minor league 
manager Tony Torchia. 

anything Albert Einstein ever did. 

Walton's four previous books — This 
Date in Boston Red Sox History, Red 
Sox Triumphs and Tragedies, Every Day 
Is A Baseball Day and The Rookies — 
are proof of that. His first, This Date 
. . . , was critically acclaimed, both in 
book circles and around baseball 
diamonds. Washington Post book critic 
Jonathan Yardlay called it "the most 
maddeningly entertaining sports book to 
come along in many a year." Red Sox 
President Jean Yawkey called it "most 
interesting, especially for me." The 
book remains Walton's personal 

The idea, chronicling a baseball 
team's history day-by-day, was a good 
one. It caught on around the country, 
with similar works being published 
about the Yankees, Orioles, Tigers, 
Cubs and others. Walton, however, 
wasn't involved in those other works. 

"It took off," he said of the concept, 
"it was a good idea, but you don't get 
rich on ideas." 

With Walton's follow-up book, 
Triumphs and Tragedies, (Walton likes 
the book, hates the title), and his other 
works, baseball's history and fans have 
become the richer. 

His next work, The Language of 
Baseball, follows in that tradition. It is 
rich with baseball facts and history. 
Language includes chapters on baseball 
terms and expressions, famous numbers 
and nicknames, and lists of past and 
present minor league teams and ball- 

The Valley 10 

parks. It's easy to see that nearly four 
years of research went into its making. 

Walton and a friend from high 
school, Don McNamara, first came to 
Annville in the fall of 1949. Finding the 
dormitories filled, they lived with a 
family on East Maple Street. 

Walton remained at The Valley only 
for his freshman year, transferring to 
the University of Connecticut where he 
graduated with a degree in Government. 
Still, he has fond memories of LVC. 

"It was a wonderful year," he said. 
"We enjoyed all the school activities and 
attended a local church. Hershey was an 
attraction, and we spent many days at 
the YMCA and attending hockey 

Walton ran the mile and medley relay 
on the LVC track team. The late Chuck 
Maston, for whom the college in- 
augurated its most coveted athletic 
award, was a teammate, and former 
President Fred Sample, first recipient of 
the Maston award, a fellow undergrad. 

"When I look back — and I often 
io — I realize what a fine school LVC is 
md what friendships I made," said 

Walton and his wife Ruth, who have 
.wo children and two grandchildren, 
ooth intently follow Red Sox baseball on 
i daily basis. And like all baseball fans, 
hey have suffered their share of dis- 
appointments dealt by their team. 

It matters not. Walton will remain a 
loyal fan, the team historian, and a 
Boston treasure as fascinating as Fen- 
way's Green Monster. You can look it 

Mike Drago is a sports writer with 
the Reading Eagle/Times, Reading, 

The following quiz will test your 

knowledge of baseball personalities 


Match the following players with 

their nicknames. 

1. First baseman Charles J. Grimm 

2. Outfielder Tyrus R. Cobb 

3. Third baseman-manager John J. McGraw 

4. First baseman Henry L. Gehrig 

5. Pitcher Charles A. Nichols 

6. Second baseman Frank F. Frisch 

7. Third baseman John F. Baker 

8. Outfielder Lloyd J. Waner 

9. First baseman Harmon C. Killebrew 

10. First baseman George L. Kelly 

a. Fordham Flash 

b. Georgia Peach n 



c. High Pockets o 



d. Home Run ^ 


- 8 

e. Iron Horse « 



f. Jolly Cholly § 



g. Kid J 



h. Killer H 




i. Little Napoleon g 



i. Little Poison % 






The Valley 11 


Summer Research An 

LVC Advantage 

With the new Garber Science Center in 
operation, all eyes are turning to the 
College's science departments, now well 
settled in their new surroundings. 

LVC's chemistry department, "tem- 
porarily" housed with the biology 
department for twenty-five years in a 
converted shoe factory, has maintained 
a strong program despite less-than-ideal 
surroundings. Now, in modern quarters 
that rival those of major universities, the 
department has continued to blossom. 

The department has maintained an 
outstanding track record of publication 
in refereed journals and has consistently 
excelled in preparing students for grad- 
uate study and medical school. 

One factor contributing to this 
unusual success may be the annual 
summer research program begun in 1948 
by present department chairman Dr. H. 
Anthony Neidig '43. 

The annual program offers students 
a chance to do research as undergrad- 
uates and to co-author articles later 
published in refereed journals. 

Participating in summer research 
improves students' preparation for 
graduate school and often helps them 
crystallize their career plans. Dr. 
Elizabeth Robinson Unger '72, currently 
a fellow in the pathology department of 
Hershey Medical Center, says, "The 
summer research program really made 
a difference in my eventual career 
choice. It was during that time I got 
'hooked' on the fun of asking questions 
and trying to answer them." 

Recently, CynthialMolt '84, a biology 
and chemistry major, won first place in 
the biochemistry division at the 1984 
Intercollegiate Student Chemists Con- 

Her presentation entitled: "Purifi- 
cation of Polyphosphate Kinase from E. 
Coli," summarized research performed 
at LVC during the summer of 1983. 
Nolt, Jane Conley '86, and George 
Reiner '86 assisted Dr. Owen Moe, Jr., 
assistant professor of chemistry. Nolt's 
presentation topped eight others in that 

The Valley 12 

She will continue her education this 
fall at Cornell University where she will 
pursue graduate study in environmental 
toxicology. She also has been accepted 
into a summer intern program at 
Argonne National Laboratories in 
Illinois, where she will assist with acid 
rain research. 

This summer, Dr. Donald Dahlberg, 
associate professor of chemistry, will 
direct the summer research project, 
which will explore the nature of elimi- 
nations reactions. 

Dalhberg's research will be supported 
by a Penta Corporation Grant of Re- 
search Corporation. Dahlberg says 
much of the grant will be used to finance 
the salaries of the students who will be 
assisting him in his research. LVC 
students Dave Baldwin '85, Jane Conley 
'86, and George Reiner '86 will work 
with Dahlberg forty hours each week for 
ten weeks. 

The students' work, he says, will 
consist mostly of "synthesizing com- 
pounds we are studying, purifying these 
compounds, analyzing them to make 
sure we have what we think we have, 
and measuring rates of reactions under 
the various conditions." 

"I am a strong believer in undergrad- 
uate research," says Dahlberg, "because 
it helps prepare students for graduate 
school or industry and helps them make 
decisions as to what they want to do 
after receiving a bachelor's degree. 

"I've had students and have known 
students in graduate school who don't 
like research. And graduate school is a 

terrible time to find out you don't like 
research. It is much better for them to 
find this out during their undergraduate 
years so they can make informed 
decisions about whether to go on to 
graduate school, industry or other fields 
where a chemical education is an ad- 
vantage. Some students go into sales or 
law, especially patent or regulatory law, 
or pursue master's degrees in business 
administration or library science." 

In addition to unusual summer re- 
search opportunities, LVC chemistry 
students have another advantage over 
their counterparts at many other small, 
independent colleges, namely outstand- 
ing equipment usually reserved at larger 
institutions for graduate students 

This summer's research will utilize a 
newly-acquired cold temperature bath, 
which will enable researchers to keep 
two gallons of liquid at a constant 
temperature between -4 and -112 
degrees Fahrenheit, and the depart- 
ment's new Fourier Transform Infrared 
Spectrophotometer (FTIR), which will 
be used in the analysis of compounds. 
Dahlberg says of the FTIR: "Due to the 
advent of less expensive computers, the 
price of the FTIR is now competitive 
with traditional instruments." 

He adds, "Whereas the old types of 
infrared spectrophotometers took be- 
tween ten and fifteen minutes for 
readout, the FTIR will give us the same 
information in about a minute. We are 
very fortunate to be one of the few 
schools in the country to already have 
such an instrument." 

Jane Conley, George Reiner, David Baldwin, Dr. Donald Dahlberg 



hr I lilt K.I IT 


to Study Solar Cells 

by Lisa Meyer '84 

For the seventh time in the past nine 
years, a Lebanon Valley College student 
has been awarded a prestigious grant 
through a program administered by the 
Institute of International Education. 

David N. Blauch, a senior chemistry 
major, has been awarded a Hays-Ful- 
bright grant to study in England next 
year with W. John Albery, professor of 
physical chemistry at Imperial College 
in London. Professor Albery is investi- 
gating ways to convert sunlight into elec- 
tricity through chemical reactions. 

Blauch will assist with a research 
project attempting to develop an im- 
proved solar cell. He explains that 
present solar cells are relatively in- 
efficient and expensive both to install 
and to maintain. His portion of Albery's 
research will concentrate on developing 
a more efficient system using a dye 
solution to convert light energy to 
chemical and then to electrical energy. 

The difficulty, he says, is in finding 
the right dye. In the prototype cell, two 
electrode plates are placed 0. 1 millimeter 
apart (roughly 1/250 inch). A conduct- 
ing dye solution sandwiched between the 
two plates absorbs sunlight, which 
makes the solution relatively unstable, 
creating charged particles called ions, 
"with one more or one fewer electrons 
than they would like." 

These ions migrate to the electri- 
cally-charged electrodes to pick up or 
discharge electrons so they can return to 
their normal state. Blauch says that it is 

in these reactions at the electrodes that 
the electrical energy is produced. 

"In order to work," he says, "the cell 
requires a very fine chemical and 
physical balance, and the balance de- 
pends on the chemistry of the dye." His 
job during the next year will be to find 
a suitable dye. First, he says, it must be 
very soluble, so that enough of the dye 
can be dissolved in the solution to ab- 
sorb large amounts of the available sun- 
light. "Ideally, we would like it to 
absorb all available sunlight," he says. 
Also, it must be capable of transferring 
electrons efficiently so that the chemical 
reaction produces an amount of electri- 
cal energy close to the amount of light 
energy absorbed. Because the cell uses 
a very small amount of solution, it 
should operate inexpensively regardless 
of the cost of the dye. 

Blauch learned of Albery's research 
when he ". . . came across one of his 
papers in a chemical journal. I wrote 
and asked him to send me more infor- 

mation. "We corresponded and I told 
him I was interested in applying for a 
Fulbright grant to work with him and 
asked if he had any ideas of what I 
might do for my research." In consul- 
tation, they decided upon the dye 

Blauch says the international grant 
application procedure is quite involved, 
requiring eight or nine forms. Each 
applicant must submit a proposal for a 
research project and must be able to 
speak the language of the country in 
which he wants to study. Because of the 
language requirement, a disproportion- 
ate number of students apply for grants 
in English-speaking countries, which 
means Blauch faced even tougher than 
normal odds in winning his grant. 

Each applicant must also complete a 
curriculum vitae in which he must 
describe himself, including everything 
from his hobbies to his outlook on life. 

Blauch had to be approved by a 
screening committee of LVC faculty and 
administrators, then by a national and 
international screening committee be- 
fore being approved for the grant. 

In his appearance before the campus 
screening committee, Blauch described 
his project so that the group would have 
a chance to ask questions to determine 
the project's feasibility and importance. 
Members of the campus screening com- 
mittee also evaluate how well the can- 
didate will adapt to foreign culture and 
how he will represent the United States. 
Their evaluations are compiled into one 
report and submitted to the national 
screening committee, which makes 

The Valley 13 

KB Imperial College 

v l ME. eg r c ' 

of Science 


and Technology 

University of London 

recommendations to the international 
screening committee. 

Blauch says he kept the screening 
committees in mind when developing his 
proposal. "The American and inter- 
national screening committees are com- 
posed of intellectuals from different 
disciplines, so the proposal should be 
constructed in such a way that someone 
who is not in the field can understand 
and appreciate it," he said. His proposal 
is also unusual in that most Fulbright 
applicants who choose England pursue 
artistic or social projects rather than 
scientific ones. 

Having made it through this process, 
Blauch will live in England for a little 
more than a school year. He will both 
work on research and attend classes part 

After returning to the United States, 
he plans to study chemistry at the 
California Institute of Technology. He 
will be supported through graduate 
school by a National Science Foun- 
dation graduate fellowship, which he 
was also awarded this year. "After 
that," he said, "I'm not certain yet. I 
have not decided whether to go into 
industry or academia." 

Lisa Meyer graduated from Lebanon 
Valley College on May 13, 1984 with a 
Bachelor of Arts degree in Spanish and 

A Winning Tradition 

With the receipt of his Fulbright-Hays 
grant, David Blauch joins the ranks of 
an elite group who, while students at 
Lebanon Valley College, received 
prestigious grants administered by the 
Institute of International Education. 

Seven of these elite earned their 
honors within the last nine years. They 
are: Rebecca Kost '76, whose study of 
linguistics took her to Germany; Lee 
Klingler '77, who studied theoretical 
mathematics in Germany; Doug Eber- 
sole '78, who conducted a computer- 
assisted study of voting configurations 
in the Australian Supreme Court; Mike 
Garnier '80, whose study focused on the 
international law implications of a 
hypothetical oil spill in France; Dan 
Koon '81, who conducted interdis- 
ciplinary research in color theory in 
Germany; and Mike Gross '82, whose 
research centered on the re-vegetation of 
French salt marshes. 

According to Dean of Students 
George R. Marquette, the College's 
liaison with the international scholar- 
ship-granting organization, the odds of 
a school of LVC's size winning even one 
grant are slight. The chances of 
garnering seven in nine years verge on 
the incredible. As an illustration, he 
says, David Blauch's proposal was one 
of 513 competing for 22 grants in the 
United Kingdom. 

Marquette explains that the Institute 
administers a variety of international 
scholarship programs, including the 
Fulbright-Hays grants, ITT inter- 
national fellowships and foreign and 
private grants including the Alliance 
Francaise de New York Scholarship. Of 
the seven LVC recipients, four were 
awarded Fulbright-Hays Full Grants, 
two received ITT grants and one won 
the Alliance Francaise de New York 

In October, Marquette attended a 
conference of other Fulbright program 
advisors. "I sat at a table with seven 
other advisors," he said, "and we were 
talking about the ITT grants, which are 
in some ways more difficult to obtain 
than the Fulbright grants. When I told 
them we had had two within the last 
eight years, they were amazed. No one 

else at the table had ever had a student 
receive an ITT grant." 

Marquette attributes LVC's successes 
to the caliber of the students presenting 
proposals as well as to the nature of the 
proposals, outstanding faculty support 
and the input of the campus screening 

Each of the grant-winning students 
has had a double major, which, Mar- 
quette says, "has allowed them to bring 
a special versatility to their proposals," 
and may be one reason all of the pro- 
posals have been unusually attractive 
and well thought out. Certainly, the 
faculty members and advisors of these 
students have played a vital role in 
motivating and encouraging their 
students to compete and win. 

Another factor in the successes may 
be the role played by the campus 
screening committees which Marquette 
appoints for each proposal. "The com- 
mittee is composed of a cross-section of 
faculty, including several from the area 
of study in which the proposal is being 
submitted. Also, one member of the 
faculty will usually lend special advising. 
We put the applicants through their 
paces with a rigorous examination of the 
proposal," says Marquette. If the pro- 
posal is for study in a foreign country, 
the examination will also ensure that the 
student will meet the program's foreign 
language requirements. 

The Valley 14 


Your college's growth and development can be 

assisted greatly through legacies from its alumni, 

alumnae and other friends. 

The LVC Development Office 

suggests a bequest wording to be included in a will 

as follows: 

"I give and bequeath to Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, Pennsylvania, a Pennsylvania Corporation, 


sum of dollars ($ ), the principal 

and income of which are to be used in such manner 
as the Board of Trustees of said college, in its 
sole discretion, may determine." 

Inquiries on this subject may be made to the 
Development Office at (717) 867-441 1 , ext. 224. 


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