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Full text of "The Van Wingen, Celosse, and allied families in their South Netherland home and in the Reformed refugee communities in England and Germany manuscript"

Ill 

3 1833 02478 5245 



Gc 929.2 V388d 
De Boer, Louis P. b. 1881. 
T h e V a n W i n g e n , C e 1 o s s e , a n d 
allied families in their .. 



AUG 28 194 



Isae::ed • G. S* U. 



THE VAN \,INGEN,CELOSSE AMD ALLIED FAMILIES 
IN THEIR SOUTH IffiTHERLAND HOME 
*ND IN THE 
REFORMED REFUGES COMMONITIES 1.. ENGIAMD AND iERMANY 



by 
Louis P. deBoer 






DATE MICROFICHED 



PROJECT and 
FICHh # 



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GENEALOGICAL : 
OF UTAH 



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The VAN WINCH E " and Alii 



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Both the VAN WINGHEN and the CELOS ,_ E families were ear y 

ates >f the rinci=les of the Chucch Ref|r: 1 1 1 

to the year 155 sutepoken and staunch u •: - 
doctrines as newly formulated by John Calvin(15 '■~>-1564.) 

Although LOUVAIN University, formerly i bued by a libeW-. 

-stic s irit.and welcoming such men as Erasmus, since the! c rv- 
demnation 1 Luther at the Diet of Worms, in 1521, had become 
reactionary, there studied up till about the year I550 numerous m 
scholars whose nanes later a ear among the leaders f the nethei - 
land Reformed Churches.-GODFRIED VAN WINGHEN, alias Godefredus 

a a, was one of them. -His biography has never fully b en written 
not even by the historians of the Dutch Reformed Church. -Wh t we 
give here, we had to gather by degrees from origin; 1 documentary, 
printed or un.-rinted sources. -The article by the Rev. rof .AA.var 
Schelven.in ELok and TT olhuysen's new Netherland Bio^ra hical 
nary, Vol. Ill ,col. 1433-5, however -ives eorae Interesting facts. 
It see s to us that if not yet already Reformed before 
UN brothers, GODFRIED and PAUL, must have become Refoi 
while students in Louvaln University , by their co t ct there wj 
that eminent reformer, JOHANNES A LaSCO(14">'Vl56 ") .That also PAUL 
was at Louvain,cnn it been sen fro: the graduation list, of ten . 
brother would study and impart hi3 education to the of ers.That in 
London, England, both v;ere later schoolteacher d :s before 
1553 olrtts to the fact that PAUL VAN WI GHEN : 1<30 studied :t t_,o 

it the ye»r 154'O.Hii brother G "ted there on March 

2 ,l r 42. 

Johannes a Lasco, ; .\-as born a Polish nobleman, inn 14 ^, his father 
Jerome or feloslar a Lasco,being an uncle of the Queen of Poland. His 
mother was Susanna Novina-ptonicnczyk,of Bakov- Gora.His brothers 
were Jer I law and Ladislair.Eor his education he be n to trav 
Euro e in 1514,Vliitii 5 Rome in 151" , -hen the ners about Luther juSt 
became s reafl there. In 1525 he net for the first time at Basel, the 
great humanist ERASMUS, of Rotterdam, who became Lis friend ana cor- 
re3 ondent. (1466-1536. ) -After tie death of Erasmu ». Johannes a Lasco 

to L >uvain University .At Louvain he married at the am,e f forty, 
in 153" 1 his first wife, whose name we have not learned. she bor9 him 
four children, is and one daughter. One of the sons died itt 

toy .The 1 ciiildren were , JOHANNES , HER OnE and BARBARA LUD - 
VICA.Of these children, GODFRIED VAN Y.'I3IGEN,then about thirty years 
old, in l55 r ',or probably earlier, became the tutor. Their mother died 
at London, in 1 

js ** Hendrick Guper, HERMAN CUPER,an Andries de Cu er,arr ear in a 
list of Emden Dutch Refor ed Church : -embers, 156^. ( se 'LV. 
"Wer!cen"serieflII,: art II,pp.48,78 . ) 

if the REYNVAEN family we have thusfar no earlier notes t 
1621, the year in which the Rev.Guillielmus Rey v en was born 
in thai icwn refuse city of Middelburg in Zeeland. 
The family was of Smth Netherland .rlm.in.Arms:Gules,on a ter- 
race vert,thr« ■- iatural,eaoh bearing one fruit. 

Crest :betwe.n two wi gs,or,a flying banner argent from a pole 
guli ant . 

- 2 - 



In 1543, the year after Godfried van Winghen grdduated at 
Louvain, the Erreror ,Charle~ V,Lord f tie Burgundian Netherlands, 
Dublished in his Nether land domains the first severy criminal edicts 
inst the Protestants. 

In 1544, the first large exc rsions be a fr : the Southern 
Netherlands,-;: here the evangelical "rinclnles had taken early root. 
They would last Periodically for fifty years, until after 15^0 there 
existed hardly any ^rotestant community on Belgian soil. (Note # ) 

Most of the refugees went either to the German Protestant 
rinci ^alities, or to England, where Henry VIII was still on the throne. 

It is not in robable that the VAN WINGHEN brothers, GODFRIED 
and PAUL,, then already left the Netherlands and followed their friend 
Johannes a Lasco to Emden,in East Priesland. 

Count Edzard I, of East Priesland, who had promoted the Reforrirt o 
in his country, ever since the a-rvearance f Luther in l5iv t had died 
on February 14, and was succeeded the next day by his son, EN II, (15"5 
-1540). Count Enno continued his father'3 wor.c.On Inarch 6,163" he iiarrlel 
with ANNA, daughter of Johan XIV of Oldenburg and his wife, Anna, of Anholt 
She was born November 14, 15 "1, ad older than her husband, she was in fl 
many things his advisor and leader. Three sons were born to them, 
Edzard, Christo her and Johan, and three daughters, of whom E lizabeth 
was the eldest.— Early in the year 1540 Enno, who had visited the .ethe 
lands, and had rrobably become acquaited at Louvain with JOHANNES A 
LASCO, invited the latter to Emden,and as:ed his advise in matters of 
church re-organization. -The edvi e included the recommendation of a 
Lasco' s friend .ALBERTUS RITZEUS, alias Hardenberg,as Su erintendent of 
the churches of East Priesland .This could be done the easier since 
just then the M PDOV©»t ,, ,Manlnga,at Baden, who had su ervised these 
churches under the Roman system, had died. (Note ** ) 

Before Enno II could give execution to these NLans,he died 
on Se te>aber :. 5,1540. -His wid )W Countes AN A, as guardian of her 
minor sons, immediately took over the government .-she continued her 
late husband's ^olicy even with firmer hand. In 1544,the year hen 
the first South Netherland refugees a^reared at Emden,she made a . 
L?sco Superintendent of t e East Frisian churches .-This maces it. 
r^os ible that in this year the VAN WTNGEN brothers, who in I542 still 
were at Louvain, left their nrtive country on account of the ersecutj 
A more detailed :nowled e of a Lasco 's activities between 1544 and 
1548 would ossibly inform us on this ^oint. 

In England, King Henry VIII had d: ed on January 1547,^-nd his nine 
ye^-.rs old son, EDWARD VI h& d t>e -n crowned on February 2'^, 1547. -His 
guardians, his uncle, the Earl of Hertford, later Duke of som r set, the w 
.. "protector of the Realm", and Thomas Cranmer,Archbishi of Canterbury, 
continuing the late king's policy ,promo # <??d the Church Reformation In 
England. The called in the advise of such continental Protestant leader 
as Pili us Nelanchton.petrus artyr(Vermigli) , Bernard Ochin,] artin 
Bucer,and JOHANNES A LASCO. 

Notes * 

The only Reformed Church which never ceased to exist in Belgium 
but continued in silence, even under the most bloody persecutions 
in the depth of the woods, is that of "aria-Horebelce,ner r Oude- 
naerde.-At resent it has a menbershi; of about fifty families. 
The pastor is the Rev.^ier e Blo:-.maert,who i 1 the World war vras 
Chi. f Protestant Chaplain in the Belgian army. 

** Concerning Hardenber* .see Apoendix 



Just then i Germany ths§.£\ 
the erce of Aug sburg ,#t< 
'.> ise was decided u on win 

ur-^ose and design on the aide of the Emperor ere. to draw 
the whole body of German Protestants back into the Roman hierarchy. 

By i jommand the "InteriiV'wag proclaimed in all part 
of Germany. In East Friesland it was introduced on August 23,l54 Q , 

to the regret of a Lasco .Countess AN" 'A however could do nothin 
follow the in erial command, fo fear of worse t ings.-she there- 
fore willingly let a La»eo j) to England. 

Johannes a Lasco arrived in England in the end of August, I54 , 
having travelled through the Netherlands in disguise -He remained 
that whole summer and the following winter in England, spending most 
of the tine as the Bishop of London 1 guest at Lambeth Palace. 

nbtedly he rounded up in those months the scattered flock of 
Nether land Protestant refugees there by visiting the con ercial and 
industrial centers in which they had settled since 1544, or even earli 
He also must have arranged with the Bisho them as to their future 
form of church government. -His wife and children in the mean time 
were at Baden. His preliminry worlc in England done, he left for Baden 

arch, 1549 i-Struggleling under the "Interim" he labored for the 
Reformation there a full year. -On may 13,155 he and his whole family 
arrived in London . -That the VAN WINGEN brother s.G-ODFRIED and PAUL 
were with him then, or shorty afterward, seems bey >nd doubt. -At any 
rate GODFRIED VAN WINGHEN served him as tutor for his children, JOHN, 
JEROME and BARBARA LUDOVTCA,all born after 153\betwe .n nay 13,155 
and September 17, 1553, when again they went in refuge. 

The a Lasco household was locrted in Lambeth palace diring the 
early summer of 1 55", until further rovisions should be made. 

On July 24,1550 ,King EDWARD VI granted to the Dutch,' alio on and 
German Reformed refugees in London, the evacuated Augustine Convent 
known as "Austin Friars", for perpetual time as a riaoe of w rshi , 
as it has remained up to this day. -On the same day Joh.a Lasco was 
made Superintendent of the foreign Reformed Churches in London. 

Early in 1552 his first wife, whoa he had married in 1530 at 
Louvain.and whose name we have not lear ed,died in London. -In August 

of the sane-yerr,he remarried with CATHARINA ,who within the 

following eight years bore him five children, the Widest of whom was 

1 sa:uel. 

On the 6th day of July, 1553, King Edward VI died, and after . 
brief atte pt to rlace the crown of England u^on the head of Lady 
Jane Gray , Edward • s elder sister !LARY,-nown in history as "the Bloody 
Mary" , cane to the throne in August , 1553. -Protestants* in England jiew 
what they could expect from her. -After she had made her position 
sure, she hened it further v;ith Her marriage with FlLI^s n 
and heir-expectant of Charles V,who lnde-d succeeded his father as 
King of Snain and Lord of the Netherlands in 1555,-The contract of 
this marriage was -assed in parliament on April 22,1554, and Mary, in 
the same session proposed a law to make "heresy" a renal offence in 
England. -The lay peers h-wever revented this. -In spite of this the 

ersecutlons 3oon began. In five years time tare hundred Protestants 
were executed in England for the simple fact of rotesting the Fait 
Most of them were burned alive. The lest of these,a woman, suffered 
this fate, on November 1 A , 155°, just one week before MARY herself died. 



i 

- 4 



Thomas Cranmer.Arch- f Canterbury .suffered tnis ter.lbl.. 
fate on March 2 ,155- . 

ANNES A LASCO,i":>resefeing these ■ ersecutions.hf d ] 
England with ills family and tie greater art of his flock-consist 
of one hundred and seventy-five persons altogether, on two shi s , 
sailing on September 17,1553 . T '°st of the refugees were Fleming*, 
some were French, Scotch, English or Italian .GODFRI ED VAN WINGHEN an" 
PAUL VAN WINGHEN, brothers, both teacher n, and the latter named "deacon 
and schoolmaster" were among them. Whereas the sho >lmasters usual] 
in Reformed Congregations held the office of sexto;, recantor .bell- 
ringer and undertaker of the church, we may assume that these -ere 
the duties of Paul van Wing hen in the earliest organized Bute 
Reformed Church in history ,durin its earliest period, that of Austin 
Friars, London, from July 24,155^ till September 17,1553. 

The pilgrims reached Denmark, and the port of their dest 
-tion,Helsingneur,on October 89 t 1553»and tried to obtain er 
to settle there ermanently.King Christian IX (1502-1553) ,*ho had 
reigned in Denmark since 1534, and who had done much there f >r tne 
establishment of the Lutheran Church, rob&bly wan we 1 informed of 
the controversies which just then began to take sharper for betw 
the followers of Luther and those of Calvin, in respect to to "trans 
substantiate Me did not wish to see his national church establish- 
ment disturbed and after some deliberations, he ordered late in 
November the refugees to leave his country. 

Some of these then found place oa shi s bound for Roatoek, 
others sailed for Wismar, others again for Lubeck and Hamburg ,but t e 
main body of pilgrims left on December 3.1553 far the City of Baden 
in East Fries! and, where they arrived when a severe winter rlreac„ 
began Itself to be felt. There they vrere later rejoined by so :e .f 
those who had gone to the other named German cities, v.- here their re- 
ception had not be n much more cordif 1 than that in Denmar .% 
reached Find en in 'larch, 15 44. 

Counters ANNA received them most cordially .Fortunately 
political conditions no longer compelled her to have the "interim" 
in her land. This had be«n abolished on July 16, 1552, by the peace 
of Passau, after Maurice, Elector of Saxony had marched succes .fully 
against the imperial forces, thus making Germany safe for the Lutheran 
faith. In spite of doctrinal controversies, the Reformed, or CaUrinii 
could expect a kinder treatment from these fellow protestan s,than 
they had' had -under the "Interim" .-Still with all her love for these 
Reformed refuge s, Countess ANNA of East Friesland had to show 
favoritism to the Luther ns in her country. -In the Lutheran contro- 
versions with the Re formed, ALBERT JS RITZEUS, alias Hardenbegs, friend 
of Johannes a Lasco.had at Bremen taken an active part since 1552. 
Rather than through his ersonal inclinations and friendshi s 
endangering the religio. s eace in East Friesland, a Lasco in I555 
then left Emden with his family .intending to return and to labor, 
further in his native land .Poland, for the princi les of the Refor- 
mation. He visited in 1556 Wittenberg on his way, staying only one 
day with Melanehton.-In Poland King 3IGISMUND nade him that same 
year Superintendent of the Protestant Churches in Great poian . 
While engaged in reparlng a Bible translation in polish, the 
Reformer died on January 15,156 P . 



The other members of the Dutch Reformed Congregation of 
London, remained in Emden, and it is safe to say that in the neriod 
following, GODFRIED VAN WINGHEN and ^AUL VAN WINGHEN were the 
leaders of this floe:. Godfried se ems to have served as ureacher, 
and Paul as teacher of the children. -Moreover Godfried van Winghe^ 
educated at Louvain among the friends of Erasmus, was an excellent 
scholar of Greek, and he mastered a good knowledge of Hebrew. - 

He had married a Flemish lady, named LIVINA , 

who was with him in Emden, where her name a pears in February, 155-7. 
She was his first wife, who followed him during most of his wander- 
ings, and who died in.. Jaonrifrre fc early in August, 1562^ at Sandwich 

From 1554 till I562 Godfried van Winghen made first a new 
Dutch translation of the New Testament, of which thousands of copies 
were nrinted and spread not only in the Dutch refusee communities 
but also in Fiandres, their homeland and in Brabant .Often he worked 
till two o'clock in t e morning and started again at four .after only 
two hours of night-re st. -Dutch was in his time by no means an- 
established standard language.lt had many dialects and localisms . 
Therefore Godfried van Winghen had the double task of first sett; 
the correct meaning of the original Gree:. and Hebrew, and after that 
to create a standard Dutch which could be understood and read by 
Dutch-dialect speaking people from Dunkirk to "ostock. Fortunately 
his many wandering* and contact with Dutch refugees from various 
parte helped him in this respect. -Thus not only he, but an those 
who rfter him worked on the Dutch Bible translation, have done more 
than any other grou. of literators to create the beautiful diction 
for which the final standard Dutch Bible translation is Known, 

In one of his letters he tells in incident how a hasty boo - 
binder in three thousand copies of his New Testament , ready to be 
distributed at Antwer -,had bound o e page u-side down. He had also 
a boy working with him, who could not stand the long night etches, 
but would fall asle .^ during the work. t 

The Dutch translation of t e New Testament by Godfried van 
Winghen made at Emden, seems to have been printed there by Bartholo- 
mew Huysraan,r inter, publisher and bookprinter there. He was origlna 
from ROUSE, or Renaix,in Fiandres, where also a branch of the VAN 
WTKGHEN family lived. Huysman also had be -n a member of the Dutch 
Church at London, under the reign of Edward VI. He also had come to 
Emden, and after 1558 under Elizabeth's reign went back to London. 

As soon as the whole Bible had ben translated by hlm,&nd 
the copies were from the ~r ess, Godfried van Winghen himself went 
from Emden to his native land, the Southern Netherlands, 30 as to 
se? that they were distributed and sold in the right way and in 
the right places to the right people. He also preached as he went 
fro . dace to place, In the Dutch as well as in the French tongue, 
among Flemings and "alio ons. About the middle of July, 156^ we find 
him preaching secretly in Fiandres. On July 1" ,he openly interceded 
by the authorities for some citizens of Veurne.who had be .n ia* 
)ned for professing the Reformed faith. No local authorities 
could harm him then, for not only was he a graduate of Louvain , an . 
under the University 1 privileges, but he also stood under the 
tection of foreign princes being a denizen of Emden, and possibly 
of Engl and. -Still, even if the Spanish and papal inquisitions not 
yet were working in the Netherlands at full strength, he was ex- 
posed to many dangers and even his life at times was not safe. 
He himself d clares in one of his letter 8, that "night and day, he 
was then, so to say "carrying his soul in his hands". 



_ £ 



He labored in the Southern Netherlands until the fall of 
1561. On August 7,1561 we find him in French Flandres.He gave then 
a recommendation to T^r.pieter, schoolmaster at HASBROUCK.-Also at 
CAB-EL, in French Flmdres,the birth-lace of petrus Dathenus.he worked 
He was ft personal friend of petrus Dp.thenus and corresponded with 
him fop many years. When gETRUS DAT: T ENITY wrote his famous "confesjlo 
Belgica",in 1561,in the French langaage, after having written it first 
in Latin,G-odfried van Winghen was there to translate it immediately 
and under the eyes of the author, who knew Dutch, but not expressive! 
into the Dutch language .The first Dutch edition cane out in I562 
In a rar aopy of a later edition, that of t e "ronder-year",l566! 
which lias be n nerserved in the Royal Library at Brus els, is writte:. 
on the titlepage,by an eighteenth century owner of this copy: 
"Auctor est Godfrled van Wingene , PPaecs t r, 
"vide plura apud Ouh vium.in syne "warschouwlnge" , 

A. D. 1723, rp. 217-222. 
"The author is Godfrled van Wingene, Schoolmaster, 
"see more by Oudhoven,in his "Warning", 1723, pp. 217-222. 

It was upon Godfrled van Winghen's advice that Guido de Bray 
in 1561 sent a copy of his "Confesaio"to Cooltuyn,at Emden.(Note *) 

Soon thereafter Godfried van Winghen went from Flandres accros 
to England, sailing from Nieuwrort .The exact date of his arrival i3 
unkn wn,but the bretheren at Sandwich were ex spec ting him there on 
the first of October, any time. 

Queen Mary, to the great relief of England had died on November 
1 7 ,1558, wheal the ashes of the pile on which the last protestant 
martyr burned alive under her rule, on November lowers hardly cold. 
With great acclamation, on the very day of Mapy's death, the English 
It had proclaimed her younger si step, ELIZABETH, Queen of the Real 
. her first Coucil be'.ng held m November 20,1558, 

la lediataly not only the English exiles, but also these foreign 
Protestants who had under Edward found refuge in England, returned 
from beyond the sea. By the year I56I London again was full of them. 
Had Johannes a Lasco lived, undoubtedly he would have been called to 

"and so ad to reorganize the congregations of these protestant3 
of foreign birth. But he hsd died in his native Poland, on January 15, 
I56O. -Therefore GODFRTED VAN WINGHEN,who in more than one respect 
was considered the Ellsha upon whose shoulders the mantle of Elijah 
had been des • called to England. -He arrived early in October 
but stayed only for lit .le over one month. )n November 3, the Bisho 
of London, Edmund Grindall considered to sent him with an im; ortant 
message to those English refugees of Mary's reign who had gathered 
at Frankfort on the Main. -He, without giving himself much rest, started 
from London, on November 12. 

Note: * The statement is made by Dr.AA.van Schelven in his article on 
G.v&W^.in Blok md Molhuy sen's Nederlandsch Biog.wo ;rdenboe .. 
III,143" 7 ff .that he visited Flandres from Emden bet^e n 1554 ad 
155?, but we have not found this confirmed as yet. 



The contents of his message are unknown.lt teems to have been 
an Invitation of the Bishop to the English refuge -s at Frankfort 
to cone home not only, but also to those of foreign birth Who had 
lived in England bef ore , offering them great • dvant ages .They how- 
ever had prospered at F rankfort t although of late the T jU theran 
city government, 11 e those in other large German cities with an 
additional cosmopolitan population, and not encouraged the Reformed, 

Godfried van Wlnghen was even disired by them as their 
minister, whereas u to that date he had been a teacher and a preach 
with great success. He however may have thouht of what had hap-ened 
at Bremen to his friend ALBERTUS EITZEUS, alias Hardenberg ,who on 
Februar 18,1561 had been compelled by the Lutheran magistrate ther< 
to leave the city on account of doctrinal controversies on the "trf 
substantition" with tae -kitheran ministers. Hardenberg had been re- 
called officially to Bremen, on January 12 . I c i62, when the Reformed 
Counsillor Daniel van Buren,had become Burgomaster there, hut the n< 
thereof may not have reached Godfried van Wing en yet, when he left 
Frankfort in February. He was back In England in Bfaroh,l562 and was 

ced in charge of the Dutch Ref ^med refugee congregation at 
Sandwich. -On the 2nd or 3rd day of August ,1562, his dear wlfe,LIVINi 
who liad shared so many of his labors andhgr<l ships with him, died. 
On the 11th or 12th of August ,Petrus Delaenus, minister of the Dutc] 
Reformed Church at London, sent to him a letter of consolation. 

Soon thereafter, in I563 the black death or pest began to 
rravage at -"ondon^f which both. ministers of the ^hurch there, petru; 
* Delaenus and Nicolaus Carina eus died. Before 14 December, I563 we fi » 
Godfried van Wlnghen at London, at first only temporarily supplying 
the bereaved congregation. With the beginning o£ the new year,l564,h< 
became the regular Pastor of the Dutch Reformed Congregation of Aus' 
Friars, London. -At Sandwich he had been second castor, under the Rev. 

• * JACOBUS BUCERUS,as senior pastor .Les than two years after he le t 

Sandwich, there arrived from Deinse.in Fiandres,in the fall of I565, 
a Reformed Protestant refugee family, that of WillCm Baudaert , co,nsi s 
of the housefather, his wife, Maria Saghmortel,and six children.' 
youngest of these WILHEL" T US,born at Deinse, February 13,1565, was the 
later famous WILHELMGS BAUDARTIUS, Dutch Bj.bletranslator,who was O oi 
to bring the work of G-odfried van Wighen to erfection.His daughter 
Maria Baudrrtia, became the mother of WILHE\, Tr tJS BE CX AN, the New Net 
land settler of 1647, and founder of the Beekman family of i<ew York. 

At the initiation of his minlstery at London, Bishop Edmund 
^rindall wrote to the civil authorities a recommendation in these 
words.: (the original English letter i3 lost and this is a tranaletia ■■ 
of a Dutch translation) j 

"Of Godefridus Wingius,! must testify that he is a learned 
godfearing ' :ful man, who has labored under the Cross in Flan 
continually so to say carrying his soul in his hands, preaching the 
Gospel of Christ, and I therefore do not doubt or he will be welcome 
to you. -In other places he is called "vir anlmo moderato et acific 
a man of a moderat and eaceful disposition, 

► A. A. van Schelven says: "shortly after 2 September, 156^ . 

* Jacobus Bucerus had formerly been an Augustine. monk. He was a native 
of Y; res, in Flandres.On November 27,155^, Godfried van Wlnghen had 
recora .ended him to the bretheren.He had been in Sandwich since I56I. 



Three rather stormy c ntriversies during his minister? 
at ^ondon , could not upset his eaeeful dis o si ti on. The first one 
arose, when he introduced in fci.s church the custom of having wit- 
nesses to each bapl . ted this for greater order and future 
reference as to I. A arty of his congre- 

gation said t ey never read about it in the Gospel and therefore 
it should not t way .Nevertheless this go d custom spread 
from that of. onion, to all other Dutch and Walloon Reforwe" Chui 
and it is still helpful to us in our genealogical work. Before 1565 
the matter ,t] ed. 

The int was a matter of church government, in whioh 
Godfried van V'inghen held neither the extreme hierarchical, nor the 
extreme congregational point r©f -view, 

The third oint was connected with the breaking of the im- 
raages, which just then became S) violent in Flandres .-Was it allowed 
or notjsnri if al .owed was it obligatory or not .Godfried van Winghen' 
o iuion,thet they could "be removed, but that violence wo ore 
harm than good, was decried by fanatic zealots not only, but even by 
otherwise ■ te embers of his, f' ockgThis was a burning question 
* in 1566 and 15*7,, and. »till as late as 157? . * 

In 1568 Bartholomeua Huysman critized vehemently the style 
and Dutch langi ised by Godfried van , ingen in his translation 
of the New Tei t, which lead to hi: jf the Dutch Church 
nnd Joining of the English Church at London. 

In 156'5, before th€ (breaking had ccured in the Nether- 
lands, Godfried van Wingen,who had since 1563 written to the brethee 
there from London, warning them against fanaticism, thought it his 
duty to visit his native land again rsoi , in he reached at 
#* Qasseljln French Flandres, but some of the extreme spirits he could 
not control. Indeed they had become infuri t - -e cruelties and 
outrages perpetrated against their lives, liberty and property, by 
the 8 anlsh and papal Inquisitions in. the Netherlands. -A nan who 
had been in his audience was in the end of that year burned alive 
for having t rt in removing imraages from a church. the great 
Icon! clastic Btbna lid t break out there until in the end of August 
In the same year the Flemish Reformed Consistorie had met secretly it 
Godfriea" en's birthd.?ce,St .Trond,and because he was just in 
the Netherlands then, it seems highly probable to us that he was ... 
^^t pt thiH tuvacr-tanf meetirur Johannes Lamotius nis iriend was t, 
• resent at JjJUJgwjgjjf g{ 'SS?fcok in ^ondon,and having been con 
-vinced during his stay in Flandres of the po ularity,but tne poor 
quality of the rhymed Dutch Psalms made by Petrus Dathenus,he pro- 
cured on Se tember 12, the ubli cation of a new version, me.- nt for 
use in the made by his friend, Johannes utenhove. 

His pastoral duties, his literary activities, his correspondence 
with Reformed leaders everywhere , by the year 1563 had accumiiated so 

* Such a large part of his c mgregatlon favored immagebreaking,that 
the consistorv forbade him from 15 July,157C on to preach. However 
the Bishop of caused his re-instatement on Christmas-eve , 
and on Christmas he preached again. 

* When in 1576 the Prince of Orange had endeavored to establish the 
Pacification of Ghent, certain Places where had been Reformed congregatio 
before, and other lac c, where at least one hundred families should de- 
mand ir.were going to have a certain fre dom of worship .The arrrngeme t 

. . -__ . , .-„<-, «_ ~.n -.-n"^^ rt ,, tit «„ Vior> »a4rri flter Vint, he 



that it became too much for one person. But it was not before I56 
that a co-ad jut or was added to him in the . erson of Bartholdua 
GrUilhelni.To"this was added in 157" the ReV.Georgius Wibotlus. 

Whether G-ODFRISD VAN WIMQ-HBN had married aojn after the 
death of his first wife, with a second! wife, we do not know. -in 
the list of alien .residents in London in I568 occurs: "Godfrey 
Sine— ,in Coleman Street Wardens D u tche ■ 3reacher,and christlen 
his wife. "-If so, she nust have died before l571,for we see from 
the Records of the Church, as published by C.J .".;." -sens, that he 
married at i,on Au;ust 28,1571 with CATHBLYKE LA?IOOT,who 

a native of Ypres, daughter of Guillian de la 'lot, or la Mot, 
and Vinvence "elneyts, is wife, and sister of the Reformer, jean 
de la Mot, or JOHANNES LAMOTITJS.This seconder thlrd)wife must 
have been considerably younger than her husband. 



With the utmost interest the Dutch and refugees 
in England watched the struggle of their native provinces against 
the tyranny of the hereditary Lord, the tt ing of Spain, Philip II. 
The preliminaries had lasted until 1567.With the arrival of the 
fresh Spanish armies under the Duke of Alva, as military governor 
of the Netherlands, the real drama began. -The refugees abroad re- 
alized that they could help the cause bet tec fro 1 the outside, than , 
from within, and they snared no efforts to do so. -The first Dutch 
liberators, the "Seabeggara" ,who captured and freed the first city 
Brielle,on April 1,1 572, had sailed fro-.: an English port. Before the 
end of that year, the i>rince of Orange, known in history as WILLIAM 
THE SILENT had control of several locations in Roll- rid and Zeeland 

The rrince realized the importance of the return of the 
refugees and tried to get their ministers to .one hack first .A 
request to this end was made also to the individual D u tch Churches 
in England. a xlfried van Y.inghen who had been eu I idstone 
Dutch Reformed Church by way of vacation in the summer ,came bac : 
to London on August ,',1572. The next day he received the letter 
inviting him to Dordrecht, the lace where the first Estates of 
Holland that year had held their first Independent meeting. -After 
ripe deliberation and after having reg lated the affairs of his 
church, he crosned the sea, and m November y- , landed at Scheveni n^en^ 
in Holland, ^receding immediately on December l3t,to D e ift,the resi- 
d nee of the Prince of Boange.-On December 3, he was already at Dor- 
drecht, where lie ^reached on the 7th. The letter of recommendation 
which his consistory had given to him was superfluous, as far as intro 
duction was concerned.lt only showed that he had left them in all 
friendlinesc.lt was dated November 23,1572 and read; (translated) : 

"The Ministers and Elders of the -"ondon Dutch Reformed Church 
"certify that Dominus GODEFREDUS WINOIUS is a man of sound faith 
"and doctrine, and respectable conduct, wh ; is not only a member o 
"this Church, but has also been its Minister of the word for seve. 
"years, as well as a Minister under the Cross (■»•) in the Nether Ian- 
(in Belgiis),and during the time that preaching was allowed there 
"publicly, wherefore they request the Ministers and Bretheren of 
"the Churches where he may -resent himself, to receive him as such 
"and to -: ;e him as worthy of the ^inistery ,( signed, etc . ) 



"Under the Cross" signifies "in times of persecution". His visits 
had been those between I554 and 155^,in I56' and l561,and finally 
that iff I566, when there was a brief relief from persecution, on 
account of fear for rebellion. 

- 10 - 



At Dorlrecht he lived rivately ,nost likely accompanied by his 
rife, until February, 1573, 'nd then moved to The Hugue for a few we 
in the hotel "The ?e aooc ."(ten huyse daer den Paeuw wthanght" ) (in 
the house where the sign of the peacock hangs out"). 

On ^farch 23-15^3 he was again at Dordrecht .There he was busy, 
except with his' many correspondencies, with, the formula tin, of a new 
"Church Order", >r rules for church government and disci. line, and the 
riting of a new ^ategism.This work was interrupted on July 4,when 
the Church at Woeiiden urged him to come ;ver to combat the sect of 
"Heshuslahismyso na ed after Heshuelus.a liutheran leader at Bremen, 
with whom also jObertus Ritzeus fundamentally isagreed.He went and 
within two months his preaching had cleared the situation. -At Dordrec n 

- rations were being made for a Provincial Synod of the Reformed 
Churches in Holland ( Province ), which was held in 1574 .At this synod 
T-odfried van T : resented his ffraft of ^Church Order" and Categi 
but they were politely refused,passibly because the local churches 
did not wish to be influenced too much by representatives from Dutcn 
Churches abroad , until the time of a National ,or of an international 
Dutch Reformed Synod diould have arrived. ^ 

Before the winter of 1574 G-odfried van Winghen was baak m London 

The tferaod of Individual organization of Dutch Reformed churches 
had opened with Johannes a Lasc .';■ work in London>in 1550 # tfor« or less 
ntte*a-ts on he continent had been mad 1 since 1554, starting with the 
Church at Emden,and In the Netherlands "under the Cross" up till 1566 

With the first meeting of the representatives at the Dutch and 
Walloon Reformed Consistories was held at furcoing r in 1561(?)-The 
"Belgic Confession f the Faith", in French and in Dutch haa originated 
^s a common symbol for these churches in 1561 and 1562.-ln 1566 tne 
first separate meeting of Flemish Consistor.es had taken lace at 
St Trond.The hi torical meeting of representatives at wesei.on Novem e 
3 1568 might be termed the first Nation I otherland Reformed 
Churches. -The Synod of Emden had followed in 15 .-In I5' 7 4 tne first 
Provincial Reformed Synod of Holland had met at Dordrecht. 

Evidently individual organization had reached the eriod in whicn 
for further development it de-ended on grou -org ' as . tion. 

The Reformed refuges Churches in England, Dutch or wallo m s pea .in 
were not lagging behind. 

Soon af+ev aodfried van Winghen's return to England.in the win t, 
. iJK¥.5 iiaj£ ier mad for a synod of these refugee churches. 

cie Car rentier .The session began on maron ^),-o o.u^ 
^^"-^iX^^lri^tlon of the tap « the Lord at 
»To«don th« firat nesting has been held of the deputes, of our 

"vamouth to which later were ad led the de utsea ol Tetniora 
"Sr^ni'ously have been elected as Resident of tbis Meet ing , 
"D.Gotfredus Wingius.and as Secretary ,Relandt de carpentier. 

- 11 - 



From that time on Godfried van Winghen'3 activities began 
to "become more centralised, being mainly directed upon the welfare 
not only of hi 3 own pastoral cfcarge,that of London, but u on those 
of all the Reformed refugee Churches in England. -He was present at 
4M subsequent synods of these churches held luring his lifetime, 
except that of 1583, (the Vllith Syn ;d) ,held at London. -These were 
outside of the last named one, that of l5^6(IInd) ,of l577( T Iff6d), 
of 157°(IVth^ ,of I58l(vth),and of 15P6; VITth) .-The Vlllth Synod was 
not held until 15 9-9, or nine years after his Jeath.-He resided the 
first, the fourth, the fifth and the seventh synods. -At the fourth an 
fifth synods, HEROES CELOS BE, Elder of the Church at sandwich, was the , 
Secretary . 

In s ite of this Godfried van Wing hen did not loose his 
-est after l575,nor stopped his activities in the general affaiBS 
of the Reformed Churches in the various countries where it had taken 
root ».lso through his labors. His extensive correspondence .which goes 
from April 13,1557 till August 1st, 15^3, and which has been published 
in the original iangucges.rith English summaries in J.H Hes-els' 
"Ecclesiae Londino-Batavae Archivum" .bespeak this.This correspondence 
covering a eriod of bher twenty-six veers, contains letters from and 
to him to -^ froit such men as .Johannes Utenhovius ; -etrus Dethenus, 
petrus'soagius, Jacobus Bucerus,Jean Cousin. Ysbrandus pal. :ius, Daniel 
Dedieu Johannes Helmlchius,: ius Wilhelmi , Jacobus Regius, 
Ascue'rus Rescmor torus, Johannes Rotarius .Lucas genius, Johannes van 
der Belce .Laurentius Humfridus.Bernhardus Vezekius.and Godefridus 
Saurbach.{ "-: 1 

The various Hetheriand( Dutch and Wallloon)Reforaed cnurches 
had formed themselves into national groupft.They were the Nether land 
{ Holland )group, the English grou 1 and the German group, the latter no- 
to be confused with the German Reformed Church. 

All these Reformed Churches of Hetherland origin kept into 
mutual contect.and individually, not as one body, they fcept.up^rela- 
tions with the Reformed Churches in Germany, France, swizerland, Italy, 
Bohemia and H onga ry,and for some time in Poland and Ireland, the 
last named being refuge. -and not native churches. _ 

An international synod of churches of Reformed Netherland 
origin has never been held, nor a g enseal international or world- 
synod of Reformed Churches of various national origins. -And such 
one seems to have been the ultimate ideal of Gidfried van Wingehen. 

As representatives of the Netherland refugee churches in 
England godfried van Wlnghen and Roland de Carnjntier were in 15,8 
Present however not as delegates to the synod) at the National 
Neth-rlan-* Synod at B4M»ftbhJigitmH»*eJ*dd-eAs sucn,he and Hermes 
GSlosse were present at that of Mtddelpurg.ln Ze eland in }5< 1 . 
On his way to this last named synod he once more, and for the last 
tine visited his beloved Plandres.the land of his *™? Bt °l*r£* 
lended at Flushing on Hay 1 -.1581, and was at Bruges the nex. day 
He stayed there only eight days, as the guest of his brother-in-law 
JOHANNES >, leaving on May 28. . «..ti*» 

Bruge s.Ghent and Antwerp were the last strongnolds o A ruitioa 
independence in the Southern Netherlands, and at the same tine f 
the Reformed Church therewith the national !£•?«*«*•/ *£• *£*°™ e 
Church disappeared from Belgian soil. -The North, tne Dutch Republic 
had come out victorious and free, politically and religiously, the 

Most latinize^ Flemish names, 

- IS - 



South, from which after the Duke of parmr's military victories, and 
the fall of Antwerp, practically! all proteftante and friends of nation 
inaeoend nee had fled, became after 1585, politically a subject of the 
house of Hfcpiburg # and in matters of religion subject to the pope at 
Rone. It remained in this condition untlll p the French Revolu , 

tion in 1705. 

After having attended to the National Synod at ifiddelburg, 
Godfried van Winghen vent, back to England. -He reached again in Aust: 
Friar s , London , on July ' 22 , 15$S' . 

That he kept up his correspondences until August 1,15-3, and 
that he still presided the Seventh Synod of Netherland Reformed 
refugee Churches In England, at London, in I586,we have rlready sr-id. 

The last years of his live he spend in supervising his flock 
in London, while his labors were being lightened by a number of good 
&s = istents.Ir. ' <■"? Jqhanntoa Cubus and Jacobus Regius were added to 
him, in I58O Johannes soilet and Johannes Rotarius(van Roo),ln I58I, 
Assuerus Regemorterus , in I586. Lucas psenius(van peene) , 

His death occurred on September 30,15 '• 

The Rev. Simon Ruytihck,who fifty years later was minister o^ 
the Austin Friars Dutch Reformed church at London, and whose manusorip 
chronicle of that church i tercet House .London, writes 

under the year 15 s 

"(jodefridus Wingius,dienaer deo G-odelyoken Wooras ai- 
B hier,nadat hy door ouderdom tot den dienst onbequaem 
M gheworden,is"in den Heere onts3lapen,den 3C Septembris" . 
(translated) : a , 

'efridus Wlnglus, minister of the G-odly Wora here, 
"aft: . become incapacitated for the service through 
"his high ajCjhas slept in the Lord, on September the Beth." 

le have not learned of any children of Godfried van Wingen, 

neither by his first wife.LIviNA ,who died at Sandwich, on August 

o n d or 3rd, 156 5t wife.CATHAI >OT,or DE LA T !0T, 

whom he married at London, on August 88,1571,81^ who survived him. 

Hit- - smarried at London, on November £1,1598 with 300SEN 
or Q-oswln- VfiRBEKE,6r Van der Beke,a native of the region of Aix,or 
A?chen. Tr e was a young widower, whose wife had not been dead a long 
time, His aon.Abraham was baptized in the Austin *riara Church on 2 r ' 
April, 15^0 4 and his daughter, Elisabeth, on March 87,1598* 

After Verbeke'a death, OATHALYHE LAMOOT married for tne 3rd 
time,*t London, on -per, 1614, with pieter van Terenteyn ,a widowe 
who had married there on May 22,161< wit Peryn :en d« Key, widow ol 
Joos Naghtegael.He vras a native of Eugene, in Fl ndrea. 

As his widow CATHALYNE LAMQ05 married for the fouth time, at 
London, in October, 1618, with Daniel Robberts,a native of Ste-rnwerc*, 
in Flandres.of whom further nothing lias been found recorded 
The date ar lace of her death, and whether she left any children, 

l0 \ojefredus n wingiufl undoubtedly lies buried with he raoincts 
of Austin Friars, but anfire which left the walls standing, so that 
they could be restored has subsequently ruined the inside of tne 
church and many tombstones thus have become destroyed. 

Sources: "Analectes a servir l'histoire Ecclesiastique de la Belgique' 
Vol ,11, . ' , . \Q . 27f^J«BbHeaaeli s "Eceiealae Londino-Batavae 
Aroivum" . - - 13 - 



Mamix Vereeniging:"Werken", -Huguenot Society of Lond on : "publi- 
cations" .-Dr. Abrahr.^. Kuyptr: w Voor Driehonderd Jaren". -waiter p. 
Dodge :EFrom Squire to prince" { Counts of East Friesland. )- 
Blok and I'oihuysen: (Niouew) Nederlandsch Biographiaeh Wo ,-rdenboek 
Dictionary of Nation 1 Biography^ (for Joh.a Laaco,and ~;nlish 

>n* mentioned) ,-Scbjtff-Herzogj"Encyclopedy of Religiose 
Knowledge", (for Jon*a Lasso, and some facts connected with the 
history of the Church Reformation. )-A. A. van Scheiven:"{'erkera_ ds 
" ; rot.;collen,L • 3 .- " , J.W.Hoens? "Registers of the Dutch Church, 
London." 



PAUL VAN WIH}HEN,aliaa PAtfLUS T/IMG-ITin, brother of the Rev. 
Qodfried van Winghen(l520?-1590) ,wai born in the Land of Liege, 
about the year 1522, moat likelely.liks Pother in the 

city 3f St'.TROND, or st.Truyen. (r>e : iGar.Rahlenbeak: "Lea Fefugles 

, " . ' -rents are stated to have been Huybert van Wir^hen 

and Heroine 6uyper,or de Cupere.(aeer "Deutsche a S-eachiechterbueh" 

.erliche F?milie^p,452. )Thla remains to-be proven fromdoeume 
-tary source 3. Likewise it is stated that h arents were 

G-erard vs synvaen. 

hi a named brother he was educated to be a teacher, 
>gue,moat likely like his brother in Louvain University 
around the year 1542. 

find him with Johannes a Lasco in London, England, 
between the years I550 and l553,aa a member and a Deacon of the 
newly founc I igregatlon of Austin Friara.Hia 

brother was at that time tutor of Jon. a Lasco' s children. 

the other members of the Congregation He sailed on 

nth after MARY "the Bloody" had come to the 
throne of i,from London, to Helsinmueur in Den»ark,and from 

there on December 3..l553 ; to EMDEN»in East Friesland, as related 
above, under his brother's blegra >ny. 

1 the leaving of Toh.a 7.aaco,from Emden to poxand, 
•by was -enberg,the paths of the two brothers aeparate, 

PAUL ; 'r ->rried a Laaoo on this trip, and arrived 

with hin \x\ Poland. Lned there for over a year, and left 

in February 3-55?, carrying letters from a Laaeo, among others one 
for Johannea Utenhove-.He travelled by way of Frankfurt on Main, 
where I the refu beatanta from England hac- gatherea 

■ -as back at Baden. 



durin< 1. -Early in April., 1557 be waa oa 

(see- Dr. A, A* van Sohelven'a article in Blok 
v (Hienw)Nederlandsch Blogra hiaoh YJo -fdenboeic- )In , 
lived in Crs- . r.H.He«aelej w Aroaivu ^f^*^' 

When in 1$60 his brother Codfrieu van Wlnghen left Emden 
for his year's labor "under the Cross", in Flandrea.pAUb VAiJ 

£pel£aliTfr ^bant who found there a permanent 

ol temporary harbor of refuge Above «r* ** ol d gate._ in the 
city wall -n wan written r»S»wr beho.t die Harbcov, uine 

Gemelnda fM (*Lord guard the Refuge of Thy Church ) 



Ihuysen* s 
Poland he had 



- 14 



The care of these needy ones, who often arrived deprived of 
all their possessions, with women anu children, aroer long wanderings 
on Ian — , 00 '.<* who often ii«.d ue^n uaed to iu.juu*ries,wno 
•>iten Buffered from sichnes 3 ,waa s corr Heated affair ,whj ch require 
great skill and calculation. 

The only condition upon which Countess Anna had received the 
first refuge: . s in December, 1353 had teen that they shou d tare care 
of their own joor,alao for those who should come aft or ward. 

Not only in the gathering , but also in the Management and dis- 
tribution of f 1 t difficulties were encountered and s.lendid 
-ly over come. -Of this WINBHEN > -re, while his 

brother [ >raaehed , atudi ed , publl shed , c orre soonded , travel led , and too.. 
care of all spiritual needs. 

PAUL VAN WIN&HEN had married MARG-RIETE CELOS iE,as stated in 
the above iource,a daughter of PIETER CEL0S8E and MAETCKE 
BILLIN&a.-In his function of Deacon he was faithfully assisted by 
his brother-in- »SSE.-We have seen the oldest existing 

Gonsistorial Minutes of this venerable church, which begin with Jan. 
the Fourth ,1558. -The record begins: 

"Ap.1554: Johannes a Lasco, Johannes Dyt den Hove .rartir.us 
"Micron, Gil is Eaber.mit noch I75 personen,uyt Engeland op 
"Denemarken , end alhyr angekomen>end uyt deseive 
"des rde eerstmaal opgericht . "{■• persona arrive 

B her< nd,by way of Denmark ,and have first nut this 

"congregation into good order.") 

The: list of Elders, be.-. •-■.1558, with 

JASPER CE'iOS. 

}3ut we sh - 

Another record of th sen 

es served. The title ' ■ snAermen 

V'rendelinjjei. .Utgedeilt binnen Embden begi .156a". 

(i.e. "Book jf the jers. Distributions made at Fade n, 

. 

low the name of 
...on January this **eaoons Accountbobl? aoknoledges 
the recei I ant collected by hire for the or from the 

offeri the details >f each subsequent re- 

this record. -It be sufficient to give t e 
dates here , 30 as tc show t n at Ercden. 

Thee- net S3;15 

3, May 12; October 27 
1575, A ~ri February 15;Augu9t 2; 157(7?) .May 11. 

The 1 . do not so \ hire c s De oon add 

Guardian of the Poor bet est li :ely that he 

acted as Pastor of 1 ) after his another Godfried in 

t Flandres/We find hire from 1567 till I569 as Elder 
The re' son for this is that " "' the Dutch Reformed 

Church at ' \ the 

-I574) , >f whom 
we shall ip< 

Th< E ."- ::IETE 

CELOSSE his wife,we ' led. 

The. son, SATSUKI " .born in l55B,the year of 

the ace- th to the throne md. 

- 15 - 



sa - two years before 

Ms fp.nouB unc t city forjgood, 

narriea wit JHEVER , daughter of Thomas van Jhsver and 

Tateke .' is wife.- A ' and his 

teir son, PAUL ". orn in 15 

r re sear eh, continues. 
hter.TATE ! v7 tamed for her 

mother'. i.-She iarried 

sev; tier father's death, on " >,1623,with the 

at Leer,i *ri e aland, jannary 

^ronlngen, where he was minister 1 the 
Refo n of the faaous UBBO 

of the University of en in 

' ■ )native of Siden. 
• ) 

I 

>e, first about AR3T, scion 

had 
Ilder ft Emdeh,in 1623. 
id wife EG-BERPJE 
" ■ - ■ 

Ti joth sona,SAMJEL ' ai Lne which is 

the subj< &HEN(born 

. 

»ducat«id in Dutch universities, 
ten University matriculated on 

June ' student 

His age not quite : ?■ years old yet. 

5en,wher '■• ~ >ber 

T4 ; : Universities, He entered that Df &roningen 

September 
] led at Leyden as a law st dent 
ersity, having enters" 
tbere on .-(see the Albs Studiosorum of these Universitiei 

m ), Doctor of Ijiwa in Grmlngen, 

■ of 
&OSSEL AURIC l.Ac< in quoted At 

"Cor-.. ~ r " ■ 

ITHA, Bister of Cornell s 

the Lfe of mi. She liv L629 

till .The real i efore is ALRICHS, 

Frisian , &.COB ALRICHS 

.rtant part in the history of 
Dutch colonies in Nort - . a first Secretary 

of the Dutch In Brasil t and later vice-Director of the South 

River Co] • y the r land, the Later state of Delaware. 

id son of thi, MINES 

den, Secretary of the city, who 

iixel'l ha lf- 
brother, .- their son, I lerefore, 

ator at Emden,the lines talf-brothers 

concur. 

An is still standln whose froAt wall 

- 16 - 



the allied Coats- of -Arias appear hewn in stone, of this cou le, 
showing on dexter the Arms of Poesingh,and on sinister those 
of Van ' Ingen. 
This last nan Le had a great-grand son , PAUL LEC : X a-H, 

V« i ' ncestc '^s, 

.iving in Berlin, O-e: anaioned 

cavalry-officer, as a second cousin,or closer 

relative of h &H( 1845-1919), the mother of "ra.Henry 

Schniewind, of 

In 1921 a eertain Mr.L.C,(whoae full name we have not 
raed, possessed a silver loving ou , euoh aa the *rieians use 
filled with aweet ndy and raislna, 

gngraved the earae Arms as in the 

front wal 1.1 house nt Emden.Only jeri 

teftSd ' ' feh the w< heraldic 

eagle aable (black) on or (gold). 

This cup therefore i the identic?! eup hich was 

usee! at ; : and HELENE 

PAULI : : - 5 ) . 

l Arms, both in the wall and on the 
-rs t^ T.B.Rietatap in hi a "Ar.nonal General" 

as be' mdrea an riealad, 

both places at rgent 

(silvarKa fes3e checkers ent(ailvar}, 

aeccom " y three Mid l,purpure{ jur le), 

here of the Van Wingen Coat-of-Arma,lre may aay 
>nes indicated above, Rietatap # give« 

i for the Van Llies 

of Er 3 >f Tournay,this does not mean that ^se, 

and the E - were not related .-Historical and gen a 

logical ft ' ths t at bt yriealand^whon 

we through this research have traced to St.TROND,ln the LAND OF 
LIE&E,and 1 " DRNAY,ware related and that both had .'nee upon 

a tin ir RENAIJ 

'eater completeness we will first ^ive 
C the descendets of LEO VA ( 1662$- 

- - • cod with the van Winghena of Ronae,ln Flandraa, 

-1662} and AGATHA(Goasele)ALRI»HS,hia 
wife( t least two aona, namely, PAUL.bom inl657, 

and &055SE 'he on* was named for his paternal. the 

other for idfather. 

Both brothe: d in Leyden University and were jurists 

Gosse" ted there on October 8, 1677, and paius 

December ?l,lf »el van Wlngen had first followed some 

classes I gen "niveraity, where Vie was enrolled on ;:ayl] . " , 

1675.- A • ' entered G 

17 7 j was evidently f one Dt 

■ 

.ich we are concerned rune thr. 
■ ' *• ~ nd and HE! hiB 

,who wore eta of EM H3EN,o Enno Paul, (169 - 

17763), *hc A CATHARINE T .o^°>l 1 a daughter, 

HELENA PAULI 737-1605) , who marrj INNES 

ROESINGH. 

- 17 - 



GERARD V '" MAEYOKE REY ted to have been 

the gca a" ' LED and PAUL VA; eordi , 

to t e ;| ! Seachleohterl 10 a son 

» therefo] to 3- drried 

Ida 

wj th . ', ei the b . &cn , 

n?iaa ,' ' - -•. .••:■:. 30U9ln. 

st have 
sels,for there •' ' JOOST was born. 

ecarae an fir at in 

hi a noma country and Italy ,wh« 

of the Roman hie] - yet iearne . 

He f th« we Alexander par 

Duka on of a Netharland mothei >r t 

, is certain, 
but he ait ... b hsva excused i .. 

be the 
-•• 7 of 
ooqu -. tegreea 

the southern ...''.. an 

. 
i - : lad 

beer • ' dad 

5?4.-It 
; T "" Frankfort on 

,T cin,. if the Out fcion, 

art . 

a t, 

. 
INKBLOT. Th< nkfort 

t, first 
that of -' , jterda.u, 

. 

La art, until 
in later years 

■ 

1 of 

ure 
aal, 

to the 

. 



It a< >ther 

brohaer ;jIS. 

Thii case 

therefore fr 

• - 

,11, p. 44 

with 

Church.- .arch. 

_>eeived 
Dial bu ort from the brethere] 

mrch and 
the 
; . 

her 
LOWYS " 

JHEH 

ba] i,ized In % . -ens, 

:: - . . 

Erode n 
aee-n : ' ,,both at 

■ 
ABRA DSR, 

on . 

- rter 
the an 

He "ch, 

lie 

a bo . . 

i,at 

van &tv an Overbe vise" 

' tte ■ ■ 

• a . ) 

a 
deni - 
dence there. 

rchivaa, 
• tax 
ther 

len, 
of woolen*" 
■eyden, m Jun i hia 

er, native -f 3 
over hie fath n ere dated December 2 l r , 

Reraeufl Delinok le a citizen a eyden on Pebrua r 17, 



.Whereas we encounter most . 

in rec >rc the* 

, 'very Tc oj at 

it is a 
' f *he of 

" ' ■ ■ ■ a 

■ belt var. 

details 

of whi . 

. 

those vents. 

•?.t ^hent .who 
- 

- "Van die be- , 
roe/ b , 1566- 

'oublesom Ln the Netherlands, especially 
at Gv 

at oh of iter 

'.■'.. 'T 
( tran 

WfcNGHEN 

Lneht in Fia drea 

been oOnsplcuous 

1.0 ride into 

»er" ,or 

used to ride out to 

- res ■ it to do at ^nde- 

"nai rink, 

the streets 
. 
• ices, 

had in- 

ttor 
•.-Yet they iv juri with 

Ler, 
"!:'. 1 1 were 

his 
.hers, 
" y, 

to « the - ■ carried 

ocations 
they 
le la 
1 ther- in-law of &ODFRIED v.. 
' hers, in h" ' oq i-^ed Lmieed 
om of wor Reformed atX 

. 

;,. yed att 

• ,Governe 6 'ether- 
lands at Brussels. 



The year 1566 la called "the Wonderyear" In .he history 
>f the United Netherlands. -It witnc Lng of the 

■plrit of thi utoh and "alloon,Frotestant and Romanists 

c,&.fter the laws vf the 1 lad beei - : for a 

number of yean tth the first "c I List 

freedom of c .oh, 

tlnuJ . Second, 

si. ice 1555.- Is '-he historical ti ■. ■■• of the Nobles", 

ilch the :rs' M 

was first r lied to those oonf >f hei courtiers, 

when attfl 

Thj storj leld 

:crecy the . L . ' ..■'■ . I . eh finally 

in AQ urst of Laee 

known ns the ' : "(the br;. izin. 

of the ch nent 

at **russels 3 jiven oer J , 

Li -.. ction 
was . Si*in, 

In t .reatest 

the rebellc 

-. Ce 

heart,lef1 : 567, the Duke had 

y ' : -ln^ 

and those . and t) 

laid fell in 
the ter . l oi .0 "ironD 

and his " : 

rinee of 
Orang to have 

y.ecn the calls him. 

,vic 
Wesel.to his ancestria] aastle of Diile -At T'ESET. 

aey not 
organized 
3rd/ 

Conslstor ractical] that 

of ^t.Tr • very ". 561, 

History jtlll res* t at 

• er Plandres, 
It may show that i th JA 11 

V. 

ind ps one of the delegates at 
the *S 
articles 

there ag fol .. Vereen."W< 

v 

s« Luen ende 

*lf and .. ; van dor Lo ;.") 

Of " 

ran der Loo, was in • tlie 

Dut ; ' v H»l5 



','■ 



"Doctor he influential relate T ?EN 

>f F art of the Dutohe;-. t Bruseelp. ; ln 

n A u ;uet 25, 
u on e rifes ion : ch 

y 7,1585 he -pen -e 
ocwi >f the same ohuroh. . n" .series 1, 

. I the 

South-: - left mly eftvr 

Ale. Parma, r of the king's 

le of 1 ex- 

... 
.the c >ns3 Dutoh 

ns- 

f hi ving died I 
- er death 

"re 

ES 

. 

00 t ie •. 

various 
iuest, 

der >f the Dutch 

Ref . . ' -It 

ers 

' 7el y 
: t. 
. la of Ronse ori • emeus or 

1 eo e 

de- 

b,3 

1 »t 18th, 
. ,, t 
at tit " (fore 

srear 
igenoea 
t before 
before 

the Lord . i- r '- 

depart, for PH3 
f ro rdinance forhiddi. 

j edencqj 
"Code. 

i tore sting to kn "AS VAN 

February 28, 

iitic 



>te * 
" 8: , 4HaiVQa93Ldgb KeW mcrpteH)utch 

i r l i-q . ov-.A ;u»:3 : ri.'i Kj&h \to&g&ftFmv$&ll 

the City Archives of Oologn they form No.? 4 
and 1. - 22 - 



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GENEALOGIC 

OP UTAH 



A contei :>?cry of JASPH - id 

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HECKMAN 

BINDERY INC. 

JUN94 



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