Skip to main content

Full text of "The Vermont Historical Gazetteer: A Magazine, Embracing a History of Each ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 













The Natubal IIistobt or CniTiEXDEH CouKir avd Isdex to Volume I. oompleted. 


i OCT 3 1973 


1871. \ 


> ( 


I- _ 

*■ _ 


• # 

♦ . 


BT KIT. lILAt MCIU9, P. ». 

Poring a period of fom« 30 or 40 years, in- 
terveniug between the comtneDCctueot of aoj 
cunMerable gettlemenlft on the tract of coun- 
try DOW iucludod within the limits of Ver- 
tioui and the virtual acknowledgement of its 
as'cru-d iDde}»codencc as a sovereign State, 
the inhabitants were grievoufly barrassed by 
the conflicting claims of New Hampshire and 
New York ; both a.«6uming, and endeavoring 
to f xcrcis^e, absolute authority over the entire 
douinio and its enterprising occupants. Dur- 
ing this f tate of things the logiblature of New 
York, about the year 1765, or '60. divided 
the territory which they thus claimed into 
four counties ; which, in general terms, may be 
d. scribed as the four quarters, or comers of 
ih** ^aIl:e. The Southwestern quarter was 
call* i the County of Albany; the Northwest- 
ern, the C<rtjnty of Charlotte ; the Southeastern, 
tie County of Cumberland ; and the North- 
er*:, rn, the County of Gloucester. As the 
Ki{\.n increased in numbers and strength; 
»"i in determination to be independent, 
^^;w Hampshire gradually yielded her claims; 
sL'i .Ww York, in irbo, Oct. 28. became paci- 
trJ hy the promise of the Vermont legisla- 
ture^ to pay her $30,(00 as a small considera- 
tion for the privilege of freedom. 

I'J a general convention of delegates from 
t'th Mdi-8 of the Green Mountains, which 
L't at Wef-tminster in January, 1777, the in- 
<3 Jtndence of Vermont was duly declared, 
^^ tJ.e 15th day of that month ; but the State 
^»^ not formally received into the Union till 
'*^ 1^, 1791, when the act of reception was 
l^^ by Congress with entire unanimity. 

-^i »he first session of tlie Vermont legisla- 
^^'^, March, 1778, they divided the whole 

tAie into two counties, separated, rather in- 

definitely, by the range of the Green Mooa- 
taina. The Western division they called Ben- 
nington County; and the Eastern, Cumber- 
laud County. The Legislature of 1781, divi- 
ded this Cumberland County into three; 
namely, Windham and Windsor Conntiet, 
whose limits were nearly the same as at pres- 
ent, and all the Northeastern quarter of the 
State, extending from Windsor County to 
Canada line, was Orange County. This was 
the same tract which was originally denomi- 
nated Gloucestx^ County. From this large 
County, Caledonia and Essex Counties, and * 
portion of Orleans, were taken, by act of the 
legislature, March 2, 1792. 

By the same authority, March 2, 1797, the 
whole State was divided into eleven counties, 
namely, Bennington, Windham, Windsor, 
Rutland, Orange, Addison, Chittenden, Cale- 
donia, Frauklin, £8>ez,and Orleans: and the 
boundaries of each definitely stated. Grand 
Isle, Lamoille, and Washington, have ainoo 
been added, making in all fourteen. 

Orange County, as established by the act 
above named, was bounded as follows: 

"Beginning at the Northeast comer of 
Windsor County ; from thence Northerly, on 
the East line of this Sute to the Northeast 
corner of Newbury ; from thence Westerly, on 
the North line of Newbury, ToT«ham, Orange, 
Barre and Berlin, to the Nor tn west corner of 
Berlin ; from thence Soutlierlv, on the West 
lines of the towns of Berlin, Northfield, Rox- 
bury and Braintree; so as to include those 
towns, to the North line of Windsor County ; 
from thence Easterly, on the North line of 
Windsor County to the place of beginning;" 

which would be where the line between Nor- 
wich and Thetford touches Connecticut riyer. 
On the formation of Jefferson County, Deo. 
1, 1810, the name of which was changed to 
Washington Co., Noy. 8, 1814, the towns of 
Barre, Berlin, Northfield and Roxbury wero 
cot off from Orange County and incorporatod 

4 • 

I . 

I' ■ 

' « 

t ■ 


- •■;l 

- a. c 

^ ^^- i 

- * 

5. > ' 

1 ' 

« I 





into the n«w one, whiclA includes Montp«lier, 
the State CapitaL By the»e varione excisions 
the formerly large County of Orange has been 
rednced to iU present comparatively narrow 
limite. The towna at present belonging^ to 
this County are seventeen; namely, Thetford, 
Fairlee, Bradford, Newbury, Topsham, Cor- 
inth, West Fairlee.Vcrshire, Strafford. Tun- 
bridge, Chelsea, \Va«liington, Orange, Wil- 
liamstown, Brook6eld, Randolph, and Brain- 
tree. Chelsea, in the central part of the 
County, containing a suitable Court-house 
and jail, is, and from the present organization 
of the county has been, its shire-town\ 
* This County, bounded on the East by 
Connecticut river, occupies middle ground 
betwei^n the North and South lines of the 
State and is situated between lat 43^, 46', 
and 44^ 13' N., and Ion. 4*» IK, and 4*, 53' 
£. from Washington. It extends 23 miles 
froitr north to south ; and 34 from east to west. 
Its shape is somewhat irregular ; and its area 
is estimated at about 650 square miles. 

As to the first laying out of most of the 
towns, not only in this County but through 
the Connecticut valley, above the south line 
of Windsor County, I have found the follow* 
ing account, in a manuscript prepared origi- 
nally for Thompson's Gazetteer, by the late 
John McDuffee, Esq. of Bradford, a distin- 
gni.shed surveyor, and uncommonly well in- 
formed in regard to all these matters. Mr. 
McDoiTee, in substance, says, the old French 
war being over, the Governor of New Hamp- 
shire, in the winter of 1760, concluded to ex- 
tend his survey of Connecticut river above 
No. 4, as Chartestown. N. H. was then called, 
and commissioned Joseph Blanchard of Dun- 
stable, to make the survey from the North- 
western comer of said No. 4 to the upj>er end 
of the Great Meadows, then known by the 
Indian name of the Co-os, — the lower Coos. 
Blanchard made his survey, mainly on the ice, 
in the month of March, of that year. Pro- 
ceeding up the Connecticut, at the end of 
every 6 miles on a straight line, he marked a 
tree, on each side of the river, and numbered 
it for the comer of a township thereafter to 
be granted ; and thus continued till he came 
to the extreme limit assigned him. which was 
' at, or opposite to, the mouth of the Great, or 
as it is now called the Lower Ammonoosuck. 
Newbury, the laH town on the West side of 
the Connecticut, got. as the survey came out. 
7 uiles, instead of 6, along the river ; and 

subsequently obtained an additional stri 
about one mile in width, on it* Southern U 
der, from what should have belonged 
Bradford, as will appear in the account 
that township. 

In 1761, the Governor of New Hamp^hii 
commisioned Uughbastis Neel as surv«r< 
to extend the survey from Blanchard's oon 
ern boundary to the northen limit of anoUi 
Great meadow, called the upper Coos. N\. 
assisted by Capt Jacob Bailey of Newhu: 
beginning where Blanchard had en«Kd, f. 
lowed his example of keeping as near a> ! 
well could to the river, and at the enl 
every 6 miles, on each side of it, markrl 
corner, for a township, at some future da 
and finished his undertaking at what i< n 
the N. E. comer of Lcmington, in the Coul 
of Essex. 

From these surveys, returned to head qua 
ters at Portsmouth, a plan of Connc::. 
river was drawn, and three tiers of tow 
ships protracted on each side of the river, 
far as these surveys had extended ; and Uc 
that plan in the land office at Port^inoi: 
for several years afterward, the several t^-^- 
chartered in the Connecticut valley vcc 
described, by distances and conr««-s t.-vk 
therefrom ; and not from any actual furv 
on the ground. Mr. TTiomi'Pon, in a fooi-r. 
under the title Bradford, speaks highly 
Mr. McDuffee*s article, and regrets tbat 
he had not room to insert it entire. 

It may not be amiss here to remark t:.: 
the term Cb-oi in the language of the Ai-^"- 
ines of the northern section of the Conn- 
cut valley, is said to signify Tfic Plnft: a 
this name they gave to the great mc .* ': 
below the fifteen mile falls, above Newl -^r 
and also to similar meadows above tl 
falls, about Lunenburg; on account of * 
great foresta of pine trees in those yh 
When they addod the termination r/f:^ioi' 
term, the signification was Ou rir^r at t 
pines — as the word iuck denoted a riv 
The Indians inhabiting these places. ^^ 
sometimes denominated The Coofsvch. 

Orange County, though full of hill? » 
valleys, has no high mountains. Tlie ea*" 
range of the Green mountains extends thr^* • 
the northwestern part of the County, ct c- 
tuting what is called the Height of t^'- 
from the east of which the waten^ flow - 
the Connecticut river ; and from the ^^ 
into th« Winooski and lake Champa 

' ;> i 

V. . 





Knox mountain, in the towQ of Oraoge, is a 
couH leraUe elevation, and alTords an inez- 
L.i'.iisible fupi'ly of granite, of exc^^llenl qual- 
itv.f'»rmill-^ton<?, monument* and buildings. 
Wri Jii':* Mountain in Bradford, which riw» 
a'H.ut \70O feet above the Connecticut river 
n- ar ii on ihe easi, coofist^ rnaiinl}' of argillt- 
o'.a* rlate. similar to tliat of the ledgt^ so 
C'.MM^n in the CouLeciicut valUy. The soil 
i^ _ liiTdlly of good quality, noi only alon^ 
i; . >:tai!is, but the hills, to a groat extent, 
arc i;i' How, and fit for gracing or of more 
t!. r.>:i-:}i cultivation, even to tl\^ir summit?. 
TiK wliule County is reniaikaMy well wa- 
V't\ [y innumorable faring* and rivulet*, 
&:A «la»]:ing broukf, and largi-r 8:ream.<, of 
yv,:,- WHttr. whioh furnish, by their numerous 
f I,!', a chf'.»j> and excclh'Ut f'ower for driving 
t!.v Ai.ttlp of mills and other machinery, to 
.'i!:;a»-; any vxi'^ut. Wells river runt across 
iW. nortliea^^tern corner of the County. 
Wi:t f river, having it* fourc- a in \VH^!ling- 
t •:.. Orangf^ and Toj.sham, enter.** the Connec- 
': It at Bradford; aflbrdiag, a*« it ]ta<&i<ji 
t'.r u_h the village, foifleof the finest mill 
I 'iv ;!•<;.'«? in the ^'tate. Oriij^iDj>anoosu.:k, 
w i ii Hows into the Conneciicut in Norwich, 
Ivi.' 11^ ri-e in Strafford, Ver^hirc, and West 
F.utlto; and on it-? way through Thcifurd 
I >:m < an imj-oriant stream. The princ)j>al 
L:::h. rn aiBuenis of White river, whieh flow.s 
t*. ' ;^h W:nd^or County, have their sotirce:* 
:z !'.f County of Orange, and on tlieir way 
r': b the towns of Wai^hington, Cliels-a, 
T-.;fjij;<*, William^town and P.andolph; 
i:: rJin^ raany privileges for manufacturing 

^':an;o County is rich in minerals. Straf- 
' ri .t„., au inexhau^ible Pupj»ly of the 

• - ...u.-et of iron, from which coj»jKfrti», in 
"':■ quantiiicF. has for years been roanufac- 
•- • i aud transported to distant markets. 

; • ■• rrently, exceedingly valuable mines of 
! ' ' filjluret of cojifier have been oj»ened, 
f • ' . iii Verhhire and Corinth ; and the busi- 
• -'*■ of getting out the ore, and sending it 
- * .'to be j.urified, has been vigorously prf»s- 
:^ " '-•• i. From ihe^e mines copi>er, to almof^t 
i '■"' y • xt nt, may be obtained. The process of 

• '^ . refining, and tnrning to thebest ac- 
; ^ ^Lt mineral productions, is worthy of 
} ■• '•»]•.' r from the pen of an exj>erienced geolo- 
3 -*^ which, it is onderstood, may l^ exp«cl€d. 
I J.*^"^ Priucipal business of the Connty is 

-g- r^iural; though merchaodixing, manu- 


facturing, and the various rocvhanical employ- 
ments, called for in every community, ar^ 
pursued to a very considerable extent la 
almost every town is, at least, one pW«iant 
village. TliOi>e in Bradford, Clielsea, New- 
bury, Strafiord and West R;indolph, are the 
largest and most flouri^hing. 

According to the United*V cennns for 
IS'iO, the nuinb.'r of inhabitants in lhi^ county i'i.irK) ; of whom 12,70(J were inaK-s, and 
12,<i6n were females. The numlnr of colored 
people was but -4. Tlii" would give an aver- 
rt>:e i»opulation,tora4'h lown^of 14'.*7; though 
foLie have nmre and other* Ict^s. In the year 
IS 10. the population of this County was 
-*7,>?73; in 1S«»0, as above stated ; .sliowing a 
decrease, in 20 years, of 2.4 IS. 

•In regard to the farms, live stock and vari- 
(lus jiioductions of this county, the following 
ab-itract from the United States' ceubus for 
ISi'A affords the Ih.'SI information which can 
here be given ; Improved hind, lI'io.lKM acres; 
uniiiij«rovc'd, 112,fc»37 at-res; cash value of 
farms, >7,oll.GN»; value of farming imjde- 
•ments and machinery, Jf3S(;,7i» I ; numlK*r of 
hors.-s, 7,171 ; luilch cows, 12,C»01; working 
oxen, 4,^02; other cattle, 15,048; sheep, 
tj4,l89; swine, 3,078; value of live slcxk, 
iil,4i>0,i»0S; bushels of wheat. 43,207; of rye, 
8,803 ; of Indian corn, 123.532 ; oats. 2'.C,^ii; 
peas and beans, 5,174; potatoes, 53i;,Q14 ; 
barley. 4.278 : buck wheat, 38.2O0; value of 
orchard j»roduclions, .^^l 0,4 10; of wine, 1,0<X) 
gals.; value of garden productions, $1,375; 
butter, l.iK»7.2.'>0 lbs.; cheo?e, 291. 17G lbs.; 
tons of hay, 81,.337; clover seed, 181 bu.*«h.; 
grass st^d, 3^.3; hoj^s. M.132 lbs.; flax, 350 
His.; flax seed, 32 bush.; maple sugar, J»7S,l>50 
lbs., that is -IJ^O tons and (v"iO lbs.; majde mo- 
la<-es,'.«2 galls.; hon**y, 20.4«>4 lbs.; bees- 
wax, 274 lbs.; wool, 312.525 lbs.; value ol 
home maufactures, $0,!*S2; value of animals 
blaughtered, ■'J210,US5. .Since the above show- 
ing, it it believed the amount of wheat raised, 
and of fugar manufactured, has very consid-' 
erably increased. 

Of tlie number of mills ston^, shops, and 
factories of various sort*, with the amount of 
busin««« done in them, of mineral [productions, 
printing offices, banks, and various other like 
matters of general int^rrest, satisfactory in* 
formation may be ex]»ected in the accounts 
of the several towns. 

The Connecticut and Passumpsic Rivers 
Railro ding from White lUver Juno* 



». • 


N « 

• « 

'; i 




tion in \Viu>l)>or County to Canada line, pa^set 
tlirough Tlit^tford, Fairlee, Bradford and New- 
bury, in Orange County, affording a conven- 
km highway to market, for the production? 
of thejie and the adjoicing towns; and, espec- 
ially, for the rich and abundant mineral pro- 
ductions of Coriuth, Vershire and Strafford. 
The Vermont Central Railroad parses through 
\Wt Randolph and Braintree, bringing man- 
ifold facilitie-s for travel and commerce, near 
to several other towns in the south- western 
part of the County. 

Tl)e children and young people of this 
county are well supplied with advantages for 
obtaining a good educ:ition, as schools, both 
in Summer and Winter, are taught in almost 
every neighborhood, and in several of the 
towns rei>|KH:table academies have long been 
estahlislicd ; particularly, in Bradford, Chel- 
sea, Corinth, Tlietford, and Randolph. The 
Newbury Seminary ha? recently been moved 
to Montpelior; but the buildings remain, and 
it iA ho|>ed will bo usefully occupied. Com- 
modious hou'^ex for )»ublic worship are, also, 
withiu the n-ach of all, and generally supplied 
with preaching; though, in some localities, 
thcfe edifices stand, for most of the time, in a 
great measure, neglected, and the ways of 
Zion mourn. ^ 

The inhabitants of Orange County, like the 
Green Mountaineers generally, are eminently 
patriotic, as their promjttneiis to rally around 
the staudard of their country, in its late fear- 
ful peril, roost plainly evinced; and, with 
resj>ect to material prosjierity, health, intel- 
ligence, morality, home-comforta, and the ob- 
servance of religious worship, are, at leai«t, on 
a level with their fellow citizens in other 
parts of the State ; though there is still room 
for essential improvement. 


Derived from the CataUvgut of L. Dcming of 
JJiddUhury, from 17S6 (o 1M9 inrlunre: 
and from thence to 1869 \from TTa/fon's 
annual Jteguier, 

To avoid needless repetitions in printing, 
let it be distinctly understood that, in the 
following list, the figure 1 denotes chief jus- 
tice; 2, assistant judges; 3, county clerk; 
4. sheriff; 5, state attorney; 6, judges of 
probate, one of them for the district of Ran- 
dolph, the other for the district of Bradford ; 
7, register of probate. When under any 
dite, no such figure appears, there is a cor- 
responding blank in the list here copied. 

17S6. 1, Jacob Bailey;. 2. Isrfttl Smith. 
Alexander Harvey, Israel Smith, Thomu 
Johnson ; 4, John Q. Bailej ; 6, T. Bartholo- 
mew, Jacob Kent; 7, J. P. Buckingham, 
Nathan Goddard. 

17S7, 1, Jacob Bailey: 2, Israel Smith, Al- 
exander Harvey; 4, John G. Bailey; ^ T. 
Bartholomew ; Jacob Kent ; 7, Natlian God- 
dard ; J. P. Buckingham. 

1788, 1, Jacob Bailey ; 2, Israel Smith, Al- 
exander Harvey ; 4, John 0. Bailey ; 6, T. 
Bartholmew, Jacob Kent; 7, J. P. Backing- 
ham, Daniel Farrand. 

1789. 1, Jacob Bailey; 2. Israel Srailb; 
Alexander Harvey, Israel Morey; 4, Fry 
Bailey; 6, T. Bartholomew, Elijah Psins; 
Jacob Kent ; 7, Daniel Farrand, J. P. Buck- 

1790. 1, Jacob Bailey; 2, Israel Smith. 
Alex. Harvey; Israel Morey; 4, Fry Bai- 
ley ; 6, Elijah Paine, Jacob Kent, Eben W. 
Judd ; 7, Dan. Farrand ; J. P. Buckingham. 

1791. Jacob Bailey; 2. Israel Smith, Al- 
exander Harvey ; 4, Fry Bailey ; 6, T. Bar- 
tholomew, Jacob Kent, Eben W. JudJ; 
7, Isaac Bailey. 

1792, 1, Jonathan Arnold; 2, Israel Smith. 
Alexander Harvey; 4, Fry Bailey; 6, T. 
Bartholomew, Eben W. Judd, Israel Con- 
verse; 7, Isaac Bailey. 

1793, 1, Israel Smith; 2, Alexander Har- 
vey. Cornelius Lynde; 4, Fry Bailey; (^, 
T. Bartholomew, Israel Conver^e, Eben W. 
Judd ; 7, Isaac Bailey. 

1794, 1, Israel Smith; 2, Alexander ITar- 
vey, Cornelius Lyiide; 4, Fry Bailey; 6, 
T. Bartholomew, Israel Converse, Eben W. 
Judd , 7, Isaac Bailey. 

1795, 1, Israel Smith; 2, Cc^nelin? Lyni*. 
William Chamberlain; 4, Fry Bailey; 6, 
T. Bartholomew, Israel Converse, Eben W. 
Judd; Isaac Lucas; 7, Ifaac Bailey. 

1796, 1, Israel Smith; 2, Cornelius Lyn'Je. 
Wra. Chamberlain ; 4. Fry Bailey ; 5. Daniel 
Farrand ; 6, Dan*l Farrand ;7. Isaac Bailor. 

1797,1, Cornelius Lynde; 2.Beriah Loonii*. 
Elisha Allis; 4, Josiah Edson ; 5, Jed. P- 
Buckingham ; 6, Jed. P. Buckingham, Aaroa 
Storrs ; 7, J. Hinckley. 

1798, 1, Cornelius Lynde ; 2, Beriah Loo- 
mis; Elisha Allis; 4, Josiah Edson; 5. Pan- 
iel Farrand ; 6. Jed. P. Buckingham, Asroa 
Storrt ; 7. J. Hinckley. 

1799, 1, Jed. P. Buckingham; 2, Bwiib 
Loomia. Elisha Allii; 4, Josiah Ed*on. 5, 



txi*-l llinokley ; 6, Ji^d. P. Buckingban, 
c»n Siom; 7. J. Hinokley. 
l5^»0, 1. Jed. P. Buckingham; 2. Beriah 
H^mi*. El»>hA A Ilia ; 4. Jo!>iah Etl^oD ; 5, 
i»arl»« Bulkl'*y: 6. J<^. P, Buckingham, 
onAthan Fi>k; 7. J. Uimkley. 

ISOl. 1. J<-<^- P- Buckingham; 2, Beriah 
.o<'i;iis \\\\>\\^ K\\w\ 3,' Isaac Bailey; 4, 
y^.A\\ Ka>on ; 5, Charles Bulklev ; «, Jt-d. P. 
iu^kiiiijliani .lonaiUan Fi>k; 7, J. Hinckley. 

jMtJ, 1, J<u. J*. Buckingham; 2, Beriah 
.u^nii*, JaJiK-K Fi-k ; 3, l^aac Bailey; 4, 
t Mali KJmjd ; 5, Charles Bulkli^y ; G, Jed. P. 
iuckjij^ham, Jonathan Fisk ; 7, J. Hinckley. 

ImO, 1, Jed. P. Buikingham; 2, B<-iiah 
.'.K.:i.i.<, Moullon Morcy ; 3, Iwac Bailey ; 
, Mj.ah F.arron; 5, Dudley Chaiie; 1>, Jed. 
\ LuckiDgham, Jonathan ' Fi»k ; 7, J. 

K*"^ a lid 1S05, Ihe ««arae %a 18^3. 

l>'ys 1. Mouhon Morcy ; 2, ]>eriah Ix>omis; 
ai;a> TarUix ; 3. l!»aac Bailey; 4, Micah 
iarron ; o, I)udl«y Cha«»e ; 0, Klisha Thayer ; 
tniitlian Fis=k; 7, William Njlef. 

1H>7, 1. Moulton Morey ; 2, Beriah Loo- 
31*. Jam<*s Tarbox j 3, Isaac Bailoy ; 4, 
»4niel lVa.-W; 5, Dudley Chase; 0, Klibha 

1 ay* r, Jonathan Fi>k : 7. Wm. Nilen. 

l^"*^, the same a5 in ihe year preceding. 

lvr:», 1, James Fink ; others the fame. 

I'^IO, 1, Klisha HotchkiAs ; others the same. 

Ml. 1. Kli^ha Hotchkisa. 2. Beriah Loo- 
:.:^ Jained Taibox; 3. Eli^ha Hyde; 4. 
aLi»-l PtasKy ; 5, Dudley Cha-ne ; 6, Elisha 
r:::uer, Jonathan Fisk ; 7. Wra. Xilea. 

1M2, 1. Dauiel Pea^lee; .2. Josiah Dana, 

'U H.Cotton; 3. H.' E. 0. McLaughlin; 
. J"*. K.Wn ; 5. Eliflia Uotchki^s ; 6, Elisha 
"; avt r, Jonathan Fisk ; 7, Wm. Xiles. 

M3, 1. Jed. P. Buckingham ; 2, Bmah 
-•< :m5, J. H. Cotton ; 3. H. E.G. McLaugh- 
!- : 4, Jos«|.h Edson ; 5. Elifiha Hotrhki^ ; 

Khsha Thayer. Jonathan Fisk ; 7, William 

M4» 1. Jed. P. Buckingham; 2. Pariah 

> J. II. Cotton ; 3. II. E. G. McLaugh- 

•Ji . 4. Harry Hale ; 5, Tho«. Jone« ; 6, Elisha 

'Uvfr. Jonathan Fink ; 7, Wm. Xile«. 

I'l^ 1. Jed. P. Buckingham; 2, Beriah 

-i-ii*. J. H. Cotton ; 3. H. E. G. McLaugb- 

'^\ 4, Jweph Edson; 6. Horace Bafsett; 0, 

-'«^U Thayer. Jonathan Fii»k ; 7, William 


l^i«. 1. Tosiab Dana; 2. Bcriab Loomit. 
<^l»n H. Cotton ; 3. H. E. O. McLaughlin ; 

4, Joseph EdsoD; 5, Horace Baaeett; 6^ 
Elisha Tbayer, Jonathan Fiak; 7. WUliam 

1517, the same as last year. 

1518. 1. Josiab Dana ; 2. J. H. Cotton. Jo- 
siah P^eed ; 3. U. E. G. McLaughlin ; 4. Joe. 
Edson; 5. Horace Ba5sett; 6, Elisha Tbayer. 
Frederick Griswold ; 7, Wm. Nilet. 

1819, 1. Josiah Dana; 2, John H.Cotton, 
Joseph Reed; 3. H. £. G. McLaughlin; 4, 
Jo^^eph Edson; 5. Daniel A. A- Buck; 61, 
Elii^ha Tliayer. Frederick Griswold; 7. Wm. 

1S20, 1. William Sj>encer; 2, Timothy 
Baylies, Jedediah U. Harris; 9. H. E.G. 
McLaughlin ; 4, Jof^oph Edson ; 5. Daniel 
A. A. Buck ; 6, Elisha Thayor, Frederick 
Griswold ; 7, William Nilet. 

1821. sume as last year. 

1S22, 1. William S|Hjncer; 2. Jedediah H. 
Harris, Stuart Brown ; 3, H. E. G. McLaugh- 
lin ; 4, Joseph Edson; 5. William Kutting; 
r», Elisha T**ayer, Frederick Griswold; 7, 
William Niles. 

1^23. 1. AVilliam Si>encer ; 2, Timothy Bay- 
lies, Stuart Brown ; 3, H. E.G. McLaughlin ; 

4. AIktI Carter; 6. William ICutting; •, 
Elifha Tliayer, Frederick Griswold; .7, Sim- 
eon Short. 

1824, 1. Willi..m Sj^ncer ; 2. Stuart Brown, 
Daniel Cobb; 3. H. E. G. McLaughlin; 4, 
Abel Carter; 5, William Nutting; 6. William 
Sj»encer, Frederick Griswold ; 7, Simeon Short. 

N. B. — From this date no Cliief Justice-of 
the County Court appears, one of the Judges 
of the Supreme Court being required by law 
to act in that capacity. 

182r., 2, William Spencer, Daniel Cobb; 3, 
H. E. G. McLaughlin; 4, Abel Carter; 6, 
Williaiii Nutting; 6, William Sj»encer, Fred- 
erick Grifwold ; 7, Simeon Short. 

182t}, '27. •28, '29, the same as last year. 

I<s;i0, 2. William Sf^encer, Daniel Cobb; 
3, H. E. G. McLaughlin ; 4, William Barron; 

5, Daniel A. A. Buck; 6, William S|»enccr, 
Frederick Griswold ; 7, Simeon Short. 

1831, 2, D.niel Cobb. Daniel Jones ; 3, 
H. E. G. McLaughlin; 4, Lyman Fitch; 6, 
Daniel A. A. Buck; C. William Spencer, 
Frederick Griswold; 7, Simeon Short. 

1832, 2. Daniel (*obb, Daniel Jones; 8, 
H. E. 0. Mclaughlin ; 4, Lyman Fitrb ; 6, 
William Hebard ; 6, William Spencer. Calvia 
BlodgeU; 7, Simeon Short. 

1833, 2, Lyman Fitcb, Lnther Carpenter; 







<' •: 

4 " • 

* ^ 

I ' * 


. * » 


%- '■•' 

•i ' i'" 
• • 

H t 

« • 

' t ' 

-. 'I 
'■ 'I 







3, Harry Hale; 4, 1. H. Smith ; 5. D. A. A. 
Bock ; 6, William Spencer, Jacob K: Parish ; 
7, SiueoD Short. 

1834, 2. Daniel Cobb, Thomas Jonee; 3. 
Harry Hale; 4, A. B, W. Tenney : 6. William 
Hcbard; 6, William Spencer, Calvin Blod- 
gett; 7, Simeon Short 

1S35. 2. Lyman Fitch, Jacob K. Parish ; 3. 
Harry Ilale; 4, Luther S. Burnham; 5, £d- 
mond Weston ; 6, William Spencer, Calvin 
Blodgctt; 7, Simeon Short. 

1S36, 2. Thomas Jones, Cilvin Blodgett ; 
3, Harry Hale ; 4, Leroont Bacon; 5, Wil- 
liam He-hard ; 0, William Spencer, John W. 
Smith ; 7, Simeon Short. 

1>37, 2, Daniel Cobb, Lyman Fitch; 3, 
J. W. D. Parker ; 4, Tappen Stevens ; 6, Ed- 
moud We^loii; G, William Spencer, Calvin 
Bloilgett ; 7. J. W. D. Parker. 

18oH, 2, Simeon Short. Jacob K. Parish ; 
3, John W. Smith ; 4, t^cment Bacon; 5 Abel 
Un^lerwood ; G. William Spencer. William 
Helard; 7. J- W. D. Parker. 

18;>(», 2. Daniel Cobb, Jo>hua Dickinson ; 
3. J. W. Smith ; 4, Aea Storey ; 5. Elijah 
Farr ; 6, William Spenctrr. Calvin Blodgett. 
7. J. W. D. Parker. 

1810, 2, Jacob K. Parish. John W. Smith ; 
3, Perley C. Jones ; 4. William Barron ; 5, 
AIm»1 Underwood ; 6, Simeon Short, William 
Hebard ; 7, Joj»oj»h Berry. 

1*^41. 2, Martin Flint, Jo«hna Dickinson ; 
3, Bobbins Dins more ; 4, Af a Storey ; 6, Eli- 
jah Farr; 6, J. W. D Parker, William Heb- 
ard ; 7, Sti'phen Tliomas. 

1842, 2. Iilariin Hint. Daniel Cobb; 3, Per- 
ley C. Jonei*; 4, Jacob Kent, jr.; 5, Edmund 
Woton ; «, J. W. D. Parker, John Colby ; 
7. Ste|>hen Thomas. 

1843,2, Martin Flint, Tappan Stevens; 3, 
Perley C. Jones ; 4, Jacob Kent, jr.; 5, Jef- 
ferson P. Kidder; 6, J. W. D. Parker, Levi 
B. Vilas ; 7. S. Thomas. 

1844. 2. Tappan Stevens. Frederick Smith; 
3, Perley C. Jones ; 4. Hoel Sayre ; 6, Jeffer- 
son P. Kidder; 6, J. W. D. Parker, John 
Colby ; 7. S. Thomas. 

184^,2, Frederick Smith. John McLane; 
3. Calvin Blodgett ; 4, Hoel S.iyre ; 5, J. P. 
Kidder ; 6, J. W. D. Parker, Edmund Wes- 
ton ; 8. Thomas. 

1846, 2, Frederick Smith, John McLane; 
3, Calvin Blodgett; 4, George Sleeper; 6, J. 
r, Kidder; 6, Stephen Thomas, Edmund 
Weston ; 7. J. W. Bakhelder. 

1847, 2, Ariel Burnham, George P. Bald- 
win ; 3, Calvin Blodgett; 4, George Sleeper; 
6, Philander Perrin ; 6. Stfjfhen Thomas. L 
B. Vilas ; 7, J. W. Batchelder. 

1848, 2, Ariel Burnham, George P. Bald- 
win; 3, Calvin Blodgett; 4. Oramel H. Wst 
son; 6. J. P. Kidder; 6, Stephen Thomaii, 
Levi B. Vilas; 7, Daniel B. James. 

1849, 2, Elisha Tracy, Alexander H. Gil- 
more; 3. Calvin Blodgett- 4. L. D. Whit, 
comb ; o, Burnham Martin ; b, Arad Steblis*. 
B. W. Bartholomew ; 7, Simeon Short. 

1850, 2, Khsha Tracy. A. H. Gilmore; 3, 
Joseph Berry; 4. Carlos Carpenter; 5, B. 
Martin ;«6. B. W. Bartholomew, Arad ift-i/- 
bins ; 7, Charles B. Le^^lie. 

1851, 2, Ira Kidder, Gouldsbourne Taj! a. 
jr.; 3, Josej»h Berrj'; 4, Oramel H. WnL-- a, 
5, Asa M Dickey; C, Royal Hauh, PLiUhiti 

1852, 2. Alvin Smith. G. Taplin, jr.; 3. 
Royal M. Hint; 4. John E. Chaiiibcrlin: \ 
Asa M. Dickey; 6, Philander Perrin, J:»)a! 
Hatch. ' 

1853, 2. Alvin Smith, John W. Batcliell-r. 
3. R. M. Flint; 4, John E. Chamberlin ; b, 

B. Martin ; G, Royal Hatch, Pliilan-kr iVn.a. 

1854, 2, John W. Batchelder, Wilh.tia l\ 
Brown; 3, Samuel M. Flint; 4, Henry <t1- 
frey ; 5, Samuel M. Flint ; 6, John B. Hu:.>. 
iu<on, Charles B. lA»^lie. 

1S55. 2. John Lynde, I>vi Tabor; 3. C W. 
Clark; 4, Cliarlc»s C. P. Baldwin; 5. Ai:;.n 
Howard, Jr.; 6, J. B. Hutchinson, C. B. L-i:^ 

lh5G, 2, John Lynde, Levi Tahor; 4. ('};»:!■• 

C. P. Baldwin; ^ A. Howard, jr.; G, H«::..«i 
A. White, James S. Moore. 

1857, 2, Charles Barrett, S]'rague An* "i. 
jr.; 3, B. Martin; 4. Jeremiah Do-U** ; \ 
Charles C. Dewey ; 6, H. A. White. J. 5=. M • :• 

1858, 2. Charles Barrett, Sjjrague Am i. 
jr.; 3. B. Martin; 4, Jeremiah D^l-'* 
Charles 0. DeWey ; i\ H. A. White. J. S. M - > 

1859, 2, James F. George. John War.e ^ 
S. B. Hebard ; 4. Elifh.'^ Alii?, jr.; 5, (1... :- 
C. Dewey; G, W. F. Dickin^fon. C. B L-'^ 

18G0, 2. James F. George, John Wait*^ •, 
S. B. Hebard; 4, E. Allis, jr.; 5. n.-«..: 
Farnham. jr. ; G, W. F. Dickinson, Alv^: 

18G1. 2. Lyman Hinckley. Elisha L. Tra^' 
3. L. G. Hinckley ; 4, Wm. T. George ; ^ ^- 
Farnham, jr.; 6, Perley C. Jones. AKib 

1862, 2, Lyman Hinckley, Elisha L. Trs<t. 



;, L. 0. Hinckley; 4, Wm. T. George; 5, 
lL^\.A\ FArnham; 6. T. C. Jonoi, A. H. 


\^'\3 2. Horace Strickland, Ebencier Bai»«; 
3, L.tJ. Hinckley; 4, Royal Durnliam ; 5. 
jUa Uowell; 6, J. K. Cleaveland, A. U. 


try DOW embraced to Orang* Coanty waa 
tben an unbroken wilJern«««, claimed both 
by Kew Hauii>^bire and New York, unffiir* 
veycd, and no |nirt of it granted eitber to ia- 
dividuals or c'or|K>rations. In hi* aurvej 
northward, tBlaucbard made bi« teventh ^ix 
j.j,„,„. luile* boundiiry, on tlie w«*«t hide of tbe river. 

1>«;|, 2, Horace Strickland, Ebenezer Bass; where the N. E. corner of Fairlce and the S, 
3. L. G. Hinckley ; 4, Royal Burnham; 5, E. corner of Bradford now are ; thence |»ro- 
Joi.ii Ilov^ell; <>, J. R. Otavelaud, A. H. cvedingG milet further up the river, be inad« 

another corner luark on a tree which ftood 
about 1 rod S. \V. from the S. \V. corn*r ol 
Bedel'* bridge, fiul^e.juenily built, where the 
bridge across ihc Connecticut, between »M/Uth 
Xewbury and li.ivcrhill, now 15 ; as was te^ti- 

ft * 


l^'i', 2, James llutchiniion, jr., Peabody 
\V. L.iil; 3, L. G. Hinckley; 4. JLyman P. 
Jj.irr«m; 5, S. M. Glca^on ; 6, J. R. Cleave- 
la:. i, A. H Gilmore. 

1 '•;*•, 2, Jauies Hutchinson, Peab«>dy W. 
lull; 3, L G. Hinckley; 4, Lyman P. 
i;- r».n ; 5, S. M. Gleason ; 0, J. R. Cleave- 
lai) I. A. H. Ciiliuore. 

1>.7, 2, Xar.iamd King. William Child; 
3. L G. liiu kley; 4, J. P. Cleaveland ; 5, 
il. A. While; 6, J. R. Cleaveland, A. U. 
G:I: .i»re 

1- ^. 2. X.iih'l King. Wm. Child; 3, L. G. 
i;i:..ilHy; 4, J. P. CitjavHliiad ; 5, U. A. 
\V../. ; »j, J. U. Cleaveland, A. H. Gilmore. 

1- .», 2, Koyal Uurnliam, Rodney E. Pat- 
i-r '.:i ; ;i. L. G. Hinokley ; 4, B. F. Dickin- 
h »:. : *•, >. M. Gle.isOQ ; 0, J. K. Cleaveland, 
H'liry \\\ Bailey; Charles Crocker, High' 


BT BET. im.M MO KBC.H, ». ». 

Ir.jlf^rd, in Orange County, lying on the 
u -: mJv of Connecticut river, 0}>]>otiite to 
i'.' i;iuiit in New Hami'shire, is bounded S. 
ly :\«;j]te and West Fairlee, W. by Corinth, 
:>:- i N. ly Newbury ; and occupies a position 
i 'It i.ij'lwuy between the .«oulh and north 
^:.i • '.f tlie .<tat« ; lat. W* X., long. 4®. 4r/,E. 

Ill il.e yoar 17t»0, a.« stated in the introduc- 
I :;. li.ij.ief to Orange County, the Governor 
<'J .^'W Hampfliire coministiioned Jose]>b 
i-'.i-. i.ard, of Dun-table, in that Sute, to make 
a '"i: vey of Connecticut river northward from 
No. I, a« Cliarle-town,N. H. was then called, 
a'j 1 .ti the end of every 6 roile$, on a straight 
""••. to mark a tree, or set a boundary on 
fic!i si le of the river, for a township. Thi*. 
fun. V, made mainly on the ice, was coin- 
I Iv!. .1 in ihe month of March, of that year, 
»Ji«l "xtcnded up the river to what is now the 
^'. E. corner of Newbury. The tract of coun- 

fied, under oaih, by said lUanchard and 
Thomu» Chambt riain. hi>t Ht'>i*>tant, when ta- 
ken to the spot in 1SU5 for the exprcjiJt pur- 
}>Oi>c of determining this point. From that 
bouud, Blanchard proceeded northward, till 
lie c.ime (o the u]tper cud of the great mead- 
ows, a di^'tance of 7 milej from the bound 
last mentioned, and near there, on a little 
island opposite to the mouth of the Great Am* 
monoosuc, made another bound, which still 
marks the N. E. corner of Newbury ; thus 
giving to that towuj^hip, on ii* north rido— 
an extra tract of land, a mile in width, and 
at least 6 miles in length. Here he finished 
his survey, and returned to head-ijuarters to 
make the requisite report. The next year a 
survey of the same port was made under the 
name authority, by Hughba^tiH Neel, from 
where Blanchard left oS to the north fud of the 
great meadow.*, called the Upj»er ('oos From 
the.«e 8urv'ey.« a plan wan jnade, and three 
tiers of town?, on each tide of the river, pro- 
tracted, and several of them charier*jd, with- 
out any further actual survey on the ground, 
la that year, 1701, there were appli.ant^ for 
about every towni»iiip on ti.e river, fo far aa 
then surveyed. 

In^ 17<*»3, March ISih, Cajit Jacob Bailey 
obtained, in U'half of himf«elf and others, a 
charior of Newbury, from New Hamj^.^'hire, 
in accordance with Blancbard's survey and 
plan on paj^er, making Uie S. E. corner on 
the river, 7 miles from the N. £., as before 

About the same time, John Haxen took 
out a corresponding charter of Haverhill; 
and. in Juno of that year, 17G3, tbe pro]»ne- 
tors of liaverhill and Newbury bad a meet- 
ing with a view to tbe actual survey and 
allotment of tbe respective townsbipe; and 

« ■ 




>. , 

t I 

I . 

:•; '1 







chose Cftleb Willard as their chief survey or» 
who employed Benjamin Whiting as his as- 
•iflUnt Willard began hii eurvey at the N. 
£. boundary of Newbury, as made by Iiis pre- 
decessor, and proceeded down tho river to his, 
Blanchard's, next boundary, which he found 
to be a little over 7 miles distant; — but with- 
out stopping there, he continue<l directly on, 
1 mileand 17 chains further, into t. e unchar- 
tered tract, now Bradford, wheie he made a 
new S. E. corner of Newbury ; leaving the 
distance tlience to the N. £. Cf^rner of Fairlee 
* but 4 miles and 03 chainn, ini'tt^ad of 6 miles,^ 
as in justice it should have t>een. Thus Wait^t 
River Town, a* they called u, being unchar- 
tered and having no one to »>tund up for it.s 
rights, was dc)^ive«l of a ft rip of land 1 mile 
and OS rods in width, and extending clejur 
tu-'TOf-s its northern limit from K. to \V. Tliai 
this was done by the connivance and direc- 
tion of the j»ro)»rietors above nanvni, there 
can be no rational doubt. a« Willanl, h-.tving 
fel that bound, went din-ctly aoro^s the river 
and performed a similar service for Haverhill, 
at the exiK'n.«e of Vermont, tlu-n uncharUTCil, 
and Wliiiing, pursuing tlje survey of New- 
bury, ran from the nvw boundary. North 59 
degrees, W. S miles, for its southern line or 
side; whereas according to it« charter it f^hould 
have been but b| mih*.-, tlms making a great 
addition on the wet^t, as well an on the south, 
and giving the )>roprietors of that town over 
40,000 acrei«, when entitled to but 27,000. ac- 
cording to tlieir grant from New Ilamj^^hire. 
This gra^p. however, on the we:»t, was f:ub:*e- 
quently abandoned. 

In 1772, Newbury having resigned her New 
Hamphire charter to New York, took out 
from that government, by royal authority, a 
new one, dattnl March 10th of that year.which 
coincided with their original charter from 
Kew llamp^hire and with the royal charter 
of Moore town granted 2 years before ; pay- 
ing no regard whatever to the Willard and 
Whiting survey, which had so enormously 
and unjustifiably increased the area of that 
township. This encouraged the inhabitant** 
of Moore (own to in«>ist more strenuously on 
their right to the tract on their northern bor- 
der in dispute, and the settlers on the same, 
for some time attended town meetings, voted, 
and paid taxes, in that new township. This 
atAtoof things continued till 177^, when, Ver- 
mont having declared itself inde|»endent and 

coasec|aently fro« from the jurisdiction both I defender of the faith, ani so forth : Tv s 

of New IIam}«hire and New York, Nt- wburj 
again insij>ted on ita claim, and has ever nisce 
held it; though not without occasional re- 
monstrances from their dissatisfied, but wt-ll- 
disposed neighbors. Here we see how it ctae 
to pass that Bradford is, in area, so much 
smaller than Newbury ; so much less th^n the 
average of other towns in Orange Count j. 
For these hL«torical facts we are indebted loa 
manuj«cript, prepared evidently ^'ith great 
care, by John McDufTce, Esq., a distinguihhed 
hurveyor, now deceased, bnt formerly of 

The first inhabitants of Waits River town, 
or Wait^town, as the tract now known as 
Bradford was originally called, came a* ad- 
venturers, and took up for themsclvt-s laaj 
by what was styled pitches, without lic-a-? 
or authority, from any source whatever; ar*i 
continued along in this way from tiie fir.-i 
settlement by John Oainer or Ho.<mer, on the 
north side of Waits river at its conflur'a:? 
with the Connecticut, in 1705, to the y«.ar 
1770; when, the number of land-holitri 
amounting to 30, it was deemed by thv:u to 
be high time to obtain, if possible, some vahl 
titles to their lands, and to have the tr.i t 
between Newbury and Fairlee consiitutt^d a 
township. For this purpose they jointly 
commissioned Samuel Sheper, one of th^jr 
number, to go to New York, and agre**, if 
practicable, with one William Smith, K«].. 
an influential man of that city, to ubuin 
for them a royal charter, with a distinii un- 
derstanding between them and him, tl.^t on 
his jtrocuring the de<ired charter, he flouM 
give them a good title to tlie lands th« y i.ii 
began to cultivate, 100 acres to eaoli. uiil 
that he and such proprietors as he Awdl 
engage with him, should hold as their own 
all the rest of the township. This un-*:«'' 
of Sleeper was attended with the 'l«-.-i:-i 
success, as we shall see by the auil':;!:- 
documents here following. The subftai.'^*-: 
the charter might be given in a f«\v *■•-- 
lences, but as a matter of curiosity, aul •»• 
ample of bow matters of this* sort ^^^•rr :1. t 
transacted, it may be more sati>f.utory :• 
M'e a copy of the said charter preci-' y .i> 
originally expressed by royal authoii'y: 

"Charter of Moore Town. sub*'t'i'. '' ' 
called Bradford, by king George tl>e !» 
Mav 3d. 1770. , 

iiEOUGE the Third, by the p-ace i>f ''* - 
of Great Britain, France anl Iroland 


i\\ u 





wlioin tli<*« prwent* thhW come. Grafting. 
Wuj RtA» oor loving Mibj#»ct WiUiBin Smith 
cf our city of New York, Enquire, by )ii» 
hnmlle jiiiiion in bflialf of hi« A*»^iAU* 
i.r,Mnt*J ui*to *>"' truMy and well beloved 
C.i l\v.«lUnler ColJen Eii«|uire. our LieuUnMnt 
iJov- rnor and Coiuijiandtr in Chief of our 
Irovmcc of New York and the l^rrilorie* de- 
t4n.!i:u ihireon in Anieri.a. and read in our 
It.m ifl'T our haid i»rovinoe. on the Iwenty- 
,: iMili d«y of March, nuw laH i-apt, did tet 
I'yAi on the J^evonth da^* of NovenilK-r 
ui,,/,! wu*in the yta-of our i^ord One Thou- 
MMJ ^rvi-n huadrod and Mxty-cix, a iMtiii<»n 
V.I? in u rrtd to our late t^uj'ty and wrll be- 
1 .vv-J ^^ir Iknry Moore, Harouet, ihon our 
C.»i ;.iiu (icncral and tjovi-rnor in Chief of our 
f.,ii jiuvince. in the name of Jolm Freiicli 
a.a li:> a>'»ociate*. j'rayin^ a grant of certain 
Iti.i^un ihf wtftt hide of Couutcticut riwr. 
Ti.ii uur f-aid late Cajaain Gtatral and Cloy- 
frilur in Clii'f was advii*ed by our Council to 
jr.m: tlif prayer of the «aid j»clilion. and that 
a Warraul i^^utfd the 5a!ue day to the tSur- 
vrv.«r «iviural lor a Survey th«ret»f — That the 
M:.i Joliu French is «inie deceaM*d, and lliat 
:''.»• |'t;mioner and hi* af'sociat^'s are the p<-r- 
K :** nil' ndcd to Ini chielly benelillcd by ihal 
a, I'hi.tiiun— That the tract which ihey de- 
nri- to take uii contains, as it in i-ui'poMHl, Tliiriy Thou^and Acre?*, to the 6outh- 
^^.l^J of a tract of land coniiuouly called or 
k!,.-\\n by the name of Newb»-rry. and adjoin- 
i:.i: til- ^a^le. and was grante«l under the 
jr'.vime oi New Hamji^hire — That tli<re are 
ti.virse j»vr:ion» settled within the limitit of the 
f.i: 1 trart ol laud, amounting in all to Thirty 
fa:..iLtS to whom the petitioner and hii* a*'- 
f ' : itt- intend to convey, after a Patent is 
!•■ J- 1. Three Thousand Acre^ to wit, to the 
:.' I'l of «ach family On^ Hundred Acres, in 
^<' u manner as to secure to them the pariK 
'.: ■ y l.ave r*.-?! eclively cultivated — and lliere- 
i :• V.\f' |.4tiiioner did humbly pray that the 
-i'A- afor*->aid might be granitAi to him and 
4i;> a^vociatea as tenants m common in fee, 
to the directions and uiK>n the terms 
■ur Itoyal In>iruciions. Which }>eiition 
f.ihi; hfcn relerred to a Committee of our 
^ .!*■ il for our said j»rovince, our said Coun- 
^i* il] afterwards on the Kame Twenty-eighth 
^•*y «)f March, in pursuance of the rejKjrt of 
*' •- Kill] Committee humbly advise and con- 
'ni thai our said Lieutenant Governor and 
<-'• :u!n.tiifler in Cliief as aforesaid, should, by 
< vir L it«rB Patent, grant to the said William 
^. .j'. ati-i hii« a.*'>ociat<*s and their heirs, the 
*d'..y dr«^cribfcd in the said petition according 
t .:!.♦• |. raver therec»f, under the quit rent pro- 
^■••* '•>. hinitations and retlrictions, presented 
^7 OUT Koyal Istructions, and that the said 
••*-.K should by the said Letters Patent be 
^J^'t'd into a* Township, by the name of 
^H^'RE Tow!f, with the privileges usually 
panted to other Townshij>s within our aaid 
I'rovince. In purhuance whereof 



to our said Koyal 

: ^^ini*6ioner8 appointed for setting out 
*Wi4» to be granted within our said provi 

and inobe- 

Instructions, our 



have set out for the' said )»etitioQer Williaa 
Smith, and for his a^ociates, to wit : — Jamet 
Robertson. Richard Maitland. William Aher- 
reff. Ctoldsbrow Banyar, Andrew AnderKOB, 
Jonathan Millet. Peter Van Brugh Living- 
ston. Charles McFA'ers, Hugh Oaine, FrancM 
i^levens, William Bruce, Tluw. Wilham Moore, 
Samuel Ver Planck, Richard Yates, Abraham 
Mortier. Abraham LynM-n, Abraham iMt, 
Hamilton Young, iiarret Noel, Ebenezer Hat- 
xard, Joiin AUop, Thomas Jatoe«, Tliomae 
Smith, and Samuel Smith, All that certain 
Tract or Parcel of Laud Iving and being oo 
the west side of Connecticut River in the 
County of (.^lOuce^^er, within our province of 
New 'i'ork, lUginning on the we^t bank of 
<(aid river at a wiiite pine tne blaxinl and 
mark«-<l for the Norlheaj«t corner of a tract of 
land known by the name of Fairlee, and runs 
then«o north, sixty one degreos west, five 
hundred and ninety chains; then north Ihir- 
ivtwo «legree« east, five hundred and twenty 
tbains ; then south fifty-nine degrees east. tiv6 
hundre<l cliMins. to the raid nver ; then down 
said river, as it wiiidr^ and turns, to the pUc« 
where this tract began; c<»niaining Twenty- 
five Thounand Acres of I-and and the u«(ua) 
nlluwaiice for highway*. And in setting out 
ihf said tract of iweniy-6ve thousand acree 
of land, our said Commissioners have had re- 
gard to the profitable and uni*rol)tahle acres, 
and have taken care that the h-ngth th« reef 
d<»th not extend along the bank« of any river 
oiher\\i>e than is conformable to our said 
Hoval Instructions, a* by a CertiBcate tliereoi 
unAer their hamls. bi-aring dale the Sev« nth 
day of April now last pact, and entered on 
record in our Sei-ntarv s C)ftice for our said 
province may more fully aj>|N-.-\r: which said 
tract of land, set out as alon-said according 
to our said Royal Instruction*, we Winu wil- 
ling to grant to the said }Htitioner and hii 
associates, their heirs and assigns ff»rever.with 
the several privilege* and powers hereinafter 
mentioned — Know Ye, That, of our sp^rial 
grace. ciTtain knowh^lge, and mere motion, 
we have given,grant«-«l, ratitied and confirmed, 
and by thei»e presents, for us, our heirs and 
succes-ofs, give, grant, ratify and confirm un- 
to them, the said William Smith. Jain**;* Rob- 
ertson, Richard Maitland. William Slu-rreff, 
GoMsbrow Jianyar, Andrew Andcr^^on, Jona- 
than Mallet, Peter Vau Hmgh Livingston, 
Charles McEvers. Hugh Gaine. Franci* Sie- 
j'hens, William Hruc^. Thos. William Mo'ire, 
Samuel Ver Planck, Richard Yates. Abraham 
Mortier, Abraham Lynsen, Abraham Lott, 
Hamilton Young, Oarp*tt Noel, Kljenezer 
HaKzard, John Alsop, Thomas James, Thomaf 
Smith, and Samuel Smith, their heirs and 
as>ignB forever. All that, the tract or parcel 
of land aforesaid; set out, abutttKl, bounded 
and descrilied. in manner and form as above 
mentioned, together with all and singular 
the tenements, hereditaments, emoluments 
and appurtenances thereunto belonging or 
aj 'pertaining, and also all our estate, right, 
title, intereaft, |>osses*<ion, claim, and demand 
whatsoever of, in, and to the same lands and 


n , . : 

• •• . 

• • " 

\' - 


» ( 





prtmiflHi, and every part and parcel thertK>f, 
•od the reversion and reveri'ionK, remainder 
and reuiaiiider^.rentii. is^ucn, and I'xoiiu Uk re- 
of; Except, and always reserveu out of tbia 
our pre^<-nt Grant, uuto ua our hem an*! c>uc- 
ce-^vor^ forever, all mineti of Gold and Silver, 
and aim) all white and other 5ort» of Tine 
Tre«» tit for Ma^tit, of th«» growth of twenty- 
four incheK dianiet<;r and uj>ward> at twelve 
inches liom the earth, for Ma>u of the Uoyal 
Kuvy of u«, our heir* aud 8Ucct•.«^o^«. — To 
navK AND TO HOLD, OHO fuU and equal twen 
ty-iifih iart(t)ic whole into twcuty-liveo^ual 
partH to be •livided) of the said tiact or parcel 
of land, t«nenient»,ht-re(Jitaiui ntp and premiM'p, 
by the.>c prescnls grauuJ, ratified and con- 
firntc-d.and every part and parcel th»Teofwilli 
their, and every of their aj»purtenances, (ex- 
cept as 16 hertin before excej»ted) unto each 
of ihtm our grantee* above mentioned, their 
hein- aud at-j^ign* re^j»tctively, to their only 
pro| er and scj'arate u^e ana behoof, re> pec 
lively forever, aa tenants in common, and not 
as joint tenants, to hv holden of us, our heirs 
and ^ucce^s^ora, in free and common Focaije, 
as of our Manor of £a>t Greenwich in our 
county of Kent, within our kingdom of Great 
Britain, 3'ielding, rendering and paying there- 
for, yearly, and every year forever, uuto u?, 
our heirs and ^ucceti^or8, at our Cui^tom House 
in our cjt}' of New York, unio *our or thejr 
CoUect^^r or Reieiver General there, for the 
tiiue being, on tJie feat^t of the Annunciation 
of the blet«^ed Virgin M ry, commonly called 
Lady I>ay, the yearly lent of two shillings 
and sixpence tterling, for each and every 
hundred acres of the above granted lauds, tiud 
so in ]iro]K>rtion for any les.* quantity there- 
of, faving and excej>t fur 5uch ]>art of the Raid 
landfc allowed for jiighways a.^^ above men* 
tiouid, in lieu and Mead of all other rents, 
serviitrt, dues, duties aud demand whatever, 
for the hereby granted landi^and premise.'*, or 
any part thereof. And we do alw), of our 
special grace, certain knowledge, and mere 
motion, create, erect, and coi)|ii(ute. the 
tract or ]>ariel of land herein grantetl, and 
every |»art and parcel thereof, a Towuhhip. 
forever hereafter to continue and remain, and 
by the name of M*h)ReTowx forever hereafter 
to be calk-d and known ; and for the better 
and more ea^ly carrying on and managing 
the publiok atlairsof i-nid Township our Roy- 
al will and ]>Iea«ure is, and we do hereby lor 
us, our heirs and .*uccc*st>rs j^ive and grant to 
the inhabitants of the caid TownHhiji, all the 
i»owen». authorities, privibges and aavantages 
mretofore given and granted lo, or legafly 
enjoyed by, all, any or either our other Town- 
shn*ii within our said province. Aud we also 
ordain and establish tnat, there shall be for 
ever hereaft4fr, in the said Township, two As- 
»«*sors, one Treasurer, two Overs**eri of the 
high ways, two Overiieers of the ]Oor, one 
Collector, and four Oonstablet, elected and 
chosen out of the inhabitants of the said Town - 
phip yearly, and every year, on Uie tirst Tues- 
day* in May, at the roost publick place in the 
Mud Townahip, by tlM majority of tba iraa- 

holders thereof, then and there met and a*, 
sembled for that pur]*oee; Hereby declaring 
that wlieresoever the fin*t Election in the paxi 
Towmihip shall be held, the future Electn.n* 
sliall forever thereatter be held, in th« sa:ne 
place, as near as ma^ be, and giving auj 
granting to the said olucers so chosen, )>oviir 
and authority to exercise their said several 
and respective offices, duiing one whole ve4r 
from such Election, and until others* aro 
legally chosen aud elected in their ro<»ia ai^.i 
stead, as fuily and amply as any like.(»:li vr« 
have, or legally may use or exercise li., ij> 
nflices in our said province; and in cH>e my 
or either of the said otlicvrs bhall die, ur r>- 
move from the said TowiL'-hip, bei»;if i!,^ 
time of their annual service liiiafi be <x; n..], 
or refuse to act in the olhceh lor whidi iL.v 
shall be re>peclively chosen, then our ll( \ il 
will and ph a^iure furtlier is, aud we dv li< s'l v 
direct, ordain, and require the freeliolu« i> ,'f 
the said Towusiiij* to meet at the plaoi- wi,. :• 
the annual election shall be hold lor '.ho .-aj 
Township and cliuse other, or oihers ol ; .. 
inhabitants of the s.tid towui^iiij^ iu the ] ].( « 
and stead of him or them so dying, niinH:;,.-. 
or refusing to act,within forty days aiie: m. !i 
contingency. And lo prevent any iu:i *r- 
Election in this case, we do hereby oi :.i i 
and rt-quire that uj-on every vacancy itj \\ ^ 
oificeol Assessors, the rre;i>urer, and iii^iii.r 
of the other ofhces, the Asses>oi^ of ili* >..l 
Towushij*, shall, within ten days next :• .' 
any sudi vacancy tii»t ha)>peiis, ajpojiii v..- 
day for such Election and give jiubln k ij • . - 
thereof, in wriiiug under liis or their i.i:. -. 
by affixing such iu>iiceOii the Cliurili «I ••: •: 
other mo- 1 publick )>lacu iu the sai>l ']«..:;- 
ship, al the lea^t ten davs before the 'i;»y . j ■ 
pt>inted for such Eleciion ; And in •*■ ... . : 
theri-of, we do hereby require the otiiv-r •: 
officers of the said Town>l.ii», or tlie sur\r. r 
of them, who in the onUr thev are her< i:. • 
loiementioned shall succeed him or il.»i. -> 
making default, within ten days n'xt .; r 
sudi default, to aiqmint the day lur - - i 
Eltvtion, and give notice thereof a< afei« vi i. 
hereby giving and cranhng sucis ]• • :. 
or persons as shall be chosen by the n..i, • v 
of such of the freeholders ol the said Tow :.- :• 
as shall meet in manner hereby directc •!.*!. <• 
have, hold, exerci.'e and enjoy the ^ih. -r 
offices to which he or they sliafl be so el- ; i 
and chosen, from the time of such c !• . : z 
until the first Tuesdav in May. then n« xi - •• 
lowing, and until otlier or otiiers be h\ i t 
chosen in his or their )'lace and stead. ;o ■.'.•7 
as the j^ei.-^on or |K*rsons in whose i»lace L< •' 
they shall be chosen might or could hav< ». - 
by viitue of thc-se presents. And We d«» i ''- 
by will aud direct that this method shaii : ■•'; 
ever hereafter be used for the filling u}> ^ 
vacancies that shall hapjien in any or i-:: '•' 
of the said offices between the annual Lt- 
tions above directed. 

Tjiovided always, and upon con<l't< :, 
neverthelevs. That if our said grantee^, u--^| 
heirt or assigns, or some, or one of them, ^ :••»•• 
not within tliree yeara next after the date a 



ili^ our t-n-fot (imnt, ^ttle on the t^id tr«<*i . Mind S^^vcn Hundrvdand S^Ttntj; aodof oar 
<• ..itil lirreSy granted, to laa^ny fawUi(« m nri-^n the Teaih. 

fli.ili .iniouni lo t»n** family fortvery ihousand 
^r, -of tlif Fame tract, or if Ihey our raid 
cr.t.i.t *i, or one of tlieuj, thfir, or one of tliwr. 

{?ute of New York I 
SecretAiiot Oflir« | 

I herf>iy Certify Um 

.r< ur a^'i>:nA, t^liuil not alfo wiihin thretf ' }»rec«<1ing to be a true ro|>y of Lett^ra patent^ * 
\. .l!^ to be coihi>uied a« aforv>^id, )*lant and * a« of rocord in lliia U6ice. — July bib, lb07. 
J:;. UMiIy (uiiivat**, at the liast ti»rt»6 acrei* B«n. Ford 

f. r tvrry tifiy aore? of puch of the htrt-by Dep. Si"c" 

I.aW' i *l)»nu^ «" are ca|'ab1e of culiivation ; By a dtM^l from tbe before nain*^ William 
.r .: ih. V «J^r^aid grautocj^. or any of tliim, ^«^j^^ ^^ y^^ Y^^,^ ,^ j,^^^^^.^ ^j ^ 

vr .itA t»i th« jr h*ir> or a^^»^;ll^ or any other j .^ a , « ,— n . 

,.,. Lor].rs..n>byt!.eir.oranyofth,iri.riv.;-^^^^^« ^^^'^D. "^^^^^ Aug. 11. l.iO. and re- 
::\. .«.ii cut, or jirocuii-m-ui. hlinll Ivll. rut ^ corded in the oflice of the elf rk of ibc County 
.i'.v.i. or tihorwifc do-troy any of the Tine, of (flouc*'>ter, ml-cjueiiily Orang**. Dec. 31. 

1770, it aj»i»earh that the 21 gninteei* who 
were a>>ocialt'd with the haid I>rael ^mitb, 
who^e names ere given in the above royal 
j:rant or cliarler, on the 30th or ^Istdart ol 
May, in that j'ame year, by a certain "Inden- 
ture of Lea.-e and Kelea^te,*' conveyed and 
confiriued to him the vaid Siniib, all their 
rights and title* to the lands and every thing 
j»ertaining thereto, in the faid Moore Town— 
And that in accordance with a request from, 
and agreeni*:nt with, the K-ttlem on the raid 
tract or j-arcel of land, made in writing, be- 
fore the royal cliarter w.ia obtained, and with 
a view to secure to tliem their reffjHjctive 

'if 'f i'V the:*!? ]lle^e:lts rtservt-d to u*. our 
].>,,: .i-.i 1 tucce-i-or:*, or hereby intt-ndtd fo to 
1... the lloyal J*ictn-eof u«. our heirs, 
ir -L ^i-^u^^, for bo doiug firj^t ha*i and oh- 
i.i.:. 4. that then, and in any of the-e ca>e». 
I.,; • ur )»r'>''ni ( and everything therein 
<. ',:,». nt'l t-hall ctase, and be ahsolulely void; 
r.:. i ihf laii<l« and j remi-e« hereby granie«l 
^ .11 revert to. and ve^l in UF, our htirs* and 

f. ttr>. a." if ihjh .our ]»re>-ent Grant had 

L .: i-.n uiaJe; any tiiing herein b«-fure ron- 
ii,:.-.l to the contrary in auy-wii»e, notwith- 

I'r »vi it-d further, and ui-on condition, al.«o, 

r.' \ ith* h*«'ji. and we do herel«y for un, our 

i.. .r- aii'l ?u«N ••^hoi?, dirwl and a}»j'oint that. 

I" > -ur j«ro-«iit (Ji.mi phall he re^iy't'-red and 

• !.: .'1 nn reord within fix n»onih« from the J ,-i. ♦k«,^;ii...^ ic..:tk^;4 a.,« i« i-— a 
i. . w' . • a: • I ri 'lit», the Faiu Israel >i:iiin did, Auc. 11, 1 liO, 

' A-' tttr.of. in our NcntJiry « omce in our , . , ^, . r» i .. 

<;;; •: N. w York, in our said j.rovinr**. inoac l>y an "Indenture of Uasc and nclea5e. coa- 

" : •■.. \u,vk* <>! ral«-nti< iliere reniaiiiin;!. and 
:. .11 .1 I»M.jtit'i th«pof .''hall al:«o be enirnd in 

AuhioiV Oflice tliero, for our paid Trov 
. and that in default there<»f, thi« our 

vey and confirm to Samuel Sle«]ier, all hie 
right and title to certain alternate heciions of 
land, wliich are j»ariicularly defcril^-d^ lying 

.::; 1 i:;jg before in the^e |»resentf« contaiiit'd 
t •" n'Ltmry tin rt(»f. in any-wihe, notwiih- 
f • hi. J. Ahd We do. moreover, of our^poc- 
li'. ^:.»< *-, certain knowb-d^e, and mere motion, 
I '. 'til ai.d n;^rev tlial, thi-* our present iirant, 
I -.z r'-4i>tercd. recorded, and a DocjuH 
•i • •: i;.a b', a* before directed and ai'iK>int- 
• i - .1.1 be gncM] and effectual in the law, to 
Jiii i:.ini>, constructions and purpo^ei* what- 
''••r. Jt-'run-t us*, our heir* and 8ncrej»-or?, not- 
V ,: hng anv misreciting. mi«bounding, 
-.M. .' lu^ or other im|»€rfection or omi«'.ion 
• ' .t», or in any ♦ wise concerning, the above 
y i::'"!. or mentioned, or intended to 
'• >r:in»-l, lan«f?», tenement.*, hereditamenU) 
i."-l 1 Ti u:i.«. .w, or any j»art thereof. 

U Ti>TiyoNY wnF.RKiir, Wo have canned 
•"Mr I., ttvr*. to be made Patent, and the Great 
•^ il «if our faid province to be thereunto 


\yiT.Ni>s our said trufly and well beloved 
< a:A,,lh*.jtr ColJen Ki>qu ire. our said Lieu- 
•j.-ittt Governor and Commander in Chief of 
' -r said I rovince of New York'and the terri- 
t r... 'it-jMnding thereon, in America, at our 
'[ ri ia the city ol New York the Third day 
"I M»y, ia ibo year of our Lord One Tl^u- 

]r ..'iM;r>nt>h:iilbevoid,andof nonetlT.ti; ab'^g on Omne^-tient river, eight in number, 

extending from the north to the south lines 
of Paid township, and reaching luck from paid 
river about 1{ mile.« on an average, the Mme 
to contain in the whole 3000 acres, more or 

The settlera were then sparsely located 
along near the river, most of them, and this 
deed to Jjbejjer, one of their number, was evi- 
dently given with a view to s^xure to tliem 
their riglitA ; but on what conditions or under 
what reiitrictioni*, the dn^i iti^elf does not sjyeo- 
ify. No doubt Sleeper's ** Indenture of Re- 
lease," if we had it, would throw further light 
oti the subject. 

By the way, this is the tract of 3000 acref 
lying in Moore Town, on Connecticut river, 
which Tliompsoa*s Gazetteer of Vermont er- 
roneourdy t4dls us was granted by New York 
to Sir Harry Moore, and by him conveyed to 
30 tetilen. It does not appear that Sir Har* 
ry Moore ever had any interest in tlie matter. 

Mar. 18, 1771, the first settlers of Moor« 
Town, 22 in number, entered into a covenant 




• i; 




.. I 

» ff 


, I 





with Ebeoeser Martin, Je^e McFarlaDd »nd 
Heiekiah Silloway, all of the sAid town in 
tb« county of GloucMter and province of New 
York, that the »aid committee should make 
to the aaid seltlera inch distrihution of the 3000 
acres of land which thej in common claimed, 
a«, in the opinion of raid commitU-e, ihould be 
jiut and equitable, and the settlers on their 
part jointly and severally bound themselves, 
their heirs, executors, administrators, attor- 
ney or attorneys, to tlie laid Martin and his 
associates, under a penalty of £10,000 lawful 
currency, to abide by their decision in each 
case. Tliis bond was signed by the names 
foUowing: David Thomphon, John Martin, 
James Aiken, Benjamin Jeukens, William 
Thomson, Samuel McDuffee, Samuel Guult, 
Ephraim Collins, Mattliew Miller, Natlianiel 
Martin, Amos Davis, Obdaiah Sanders, Jona- 
than Martin, William Bell, Ephraim Martin, 
Samuel Thomson, David Kennedy, David Da- 
vis, Samuel Miller, John Sawyer, Hannah 
Sleeper, and Hugh Miller. 

Such was the Royal charter and some of 
the earlieitt official transactions in regard to 
Moore Town, or as both its inhabitants and 
the General Assembly of Vermont subbcquent- 
ly, but erroneously pen^JHted in i>]»elling and 
calling it, Moretown. The original name was, 
beyond doubt, given it in honor of Sir Henry 
Moore, Baronet, from 1705 to 'G9 Caj^tain 
General and Governor in Chief in and over 
the province of New York. But, in accord- 
ance with the request of its inhabitants to the 
General Assembly of Vermont, then in scs.-'ion 
at Manchester, its name was changed, Oct. 23, 
1768, as follows: • 

" It is hereby enacted by the General As- 
sembly of theStat«o( Vermont, That the name 
ot the Town^hlJ> of Moretown, in the County 
of Orange, be iorever hereafier known by the 
name ot Bratfjord: — And that it is heieby 
provided that whenever an advertiFement re- 
specting fcaid Township shall be published 
within three vears from the pa.*^ing ol' this act, 
it shall be called ** Bradford, heretulbre known 
by the name of Moretown, in Oranue County.* 

, (See Ms. Laws of Vt,, 1757 to 'uJ, vol. ii. p. 

• 2U0.) 

Probably, the name Bradford was suggci^tcd 
by the fact that in the near vicinity of New- 
bury and Haverhill, Mass., there was. and 
«til] is, a highly respectable town named Brad- 
ford. For apparently a similar reason this 
town was for a while called Salem, as ap|>ears 
from a deed given, and % road-survey made 
and reeordtd, in 1786. The 6rst name of all, 

was Waitiiriver Town or Waitstown, at which 
place a petition signed by Samuel Hale, John 
Peters. ^., May 21, 1770, was dat^. 

An act making a grant of the township of 
Bradford, alias Moretown, to Israel Smith, 
Alexander Harvey and James Whitelaw, Es- 
quires, as a Committee in trust for the purpo- 
ses in said act specified, parsed Jan. 25, 17^1, 
at Bennington, is as follows. 

" It is hereby enacted by the General JU- 
sembly of the State of Vermont, 

That there be. and hereby is, granted to 
Israel Smith, Es^qr. of Thetlord, Alexander 
Harvey, Esqr. of Barnet, and James White- 
law, Efsqr. of Kyeg.iie, all in the County of 
Orangr and Suie of Vermont, all that TrAct 
or parcel of land known and dintinguished by 
the name of Brad lord, bounded south, oa 
Fairlee ; west, on Corinth ; north, on Newbu- 
ry nnd east on Connecticut river ; to be held 
by the paid Urael. Alexander and Jamei>, ia 
trust, for the pur]K>se hereafter mentioned. 

It is hereby further enacted by the author- 
ity aforesaid, that the said Iprael Smith, Alex- 
ander Harvey and James Whitelaw b<>, and 
they are hereby made, a Committee of truft, 
ana aUo constituted a Board to hear and, ac- 
cording to equity and good conscience, to try 
and detenuine the m;veral claims of the itXr 
tlen*, inhabitanUt, and claimants in and to 
said Township and it b« the duty of i^aid 
Committ<:e in their discretion to a]if»oint a 
time or times, and place or places for the 
h«>aring of the said several claims to said land; 
and to give public notice thereof to the ^ aid 
claimants to, and settlers on, said land ; and 
on any ]»erson or |>erson9, claimants to, or 
setileri< on said land making ii appear to «Aid 
Committee that he or they uave an equitable 
claim to said lands, or any part therol, in ex- 
clusion of all others, it shall be the dutv of 
said Committee, on such person or j>eruns 
making out his or their claim as afore^4lJ, 
and paying into the hands of said Comniiiiee 
for the use of the State, Nine Pence, lawful 
money in Filver or gold, per acre, for e^ch 
acre he shall vindicate hi.<« claim to, as afore- 
said, thereu(»on to execute to such per>oa or 
persons, a Quit Claim l)ee^l of conveyance lo 
i>uch lands : always giving preference to tl.e 
actual settlers on said land. Provided, nev- 
eriheleps, that said Committee shall re*iTV« 
four thousand acres of t-aid land, on tlie wes- 
terly side of said town as laid out by Gen* ral 
Mohes liazen, three hundred acres of whuh, 
being part of said four thousand acres, hhali l^ 
reiierved for the use and benefit of a school in 
said town ; and three hundred acres more, t>e 
ing I 'art of sai'l four thounand acres, for il^ 
l>enetit of a minister or ministers, to be rettl'd 
in said town ; which shall be laid out by ^i»^ 
Committee or their order, in such part of 5*-d 
four thouf^and 'acres as tliey shall judge ni*^^ 
equitable and ju^'t, and shall be by the -aii 
Committee deeded to said town for the afi rt- 
■aitf purposes, fret of ez]>ense or pay for said 

« I 



« • 

land—And three thouMod four hundred arret 
btini; the remaining part of Mid four thou- 
Mn'i.^rrt. shall be reserved for the paid G«ii- 
eml M^^MTS llazeD, and on hi» paving or caus- 
ing to be paid into the hand** of the Mid Com- 
inni4*e for the use of this State, the »om of 
T*o Shilling* lawful money in silver or gold, 
fvr vAy'U acre of the faid 3-100 acres remaining 
»? afori^aid, it shi»ll be the duty of MidCom- 
mutt^ to det^ the Mme to the said Ilaien, by 
quit claim, as afor«^aid, and to no other per- 
son or jH-rfcons. or on any oth«r terms wuat- 
f^^^.x^T — Provi'led also, that, in case the said 
MoM-f Haz»-n shall uol pay or cau^e to bo paid 
int.* the hand? of said Committee said sum of 
twohhilling!*, lawful money, in silver or gold. 
{('T each acre of the ^aid 3 100 acres nanx-d a* 
af»rf^aid, by the ^i^ing of the A»<eiiibly of 
thi.-* Stale in October n«-xt, or in ca>e any or 
all of the settlers, or claimants to said land!< 
eiilu?ive of said 4000 acrt*. shall not pay 
iLto the hands of said Coinuiiilcc by the b^^t 
d.ty I'f April, A. D. 171*2. the said sum of 
ninr jKDce i»er acre for each acre they churn 
a^ aforesaid, it shall be the duly of f-aid Com- 
iLittee to procet'd to advertise said lands for 
Fiiltr. or any part thereof that thall so reuiain 
uiij aid for, in theVeniiont Journal, and shall 
th* ft upon proceM to sell, at public vendue. 
to the highest bidder all or any part of said 
luD'U so remaining unpaid for ; and shall be 
ftfoMinUiblc to the Trea^surcr of this S\ate for 
all tlje monies tiiey receive for said land. — 
rr*->vi'led also, that the whole of the expense 
of ^.^i•l O»inioiuee in transacting •aid bu*ine-s, 
fi.iU be reasonably and <»t|Uilably a-^e^s^d on 
U,i' ^♦'ve^nl claiiuant^i, and be by ihein paid to 
Ml i Committee, bcf«»re they receive a «lfed or 
df U of ihfir proportion or proportion.^ of 
pajd lands. 

And it is further enacted that, said Cornmii- 
t»-*r, before they proceed on the business of 
U*» ir a|'jK>inlrnent, enter inio a bond of Two 
T:. 'U-aijJ Pounds to the Treasurer' of thi'^ 
?: it'-. f(»r the faithful discharge of their trust." 
(Ne M*. Laws of Vt.. vol. ii. p. 363.) 

iJy an act of the General Assembly at Man- 
fl'-ter, Oct 20, 17>9, A tax of one penny on 
«Vf ry acre of land in Bradford (public rights 
exc(j.t<d; was asses.«ed for tlie puri»o«e of 
building highways and bridges in said town. 

T}>*» grant of this Township, made in lru«t 

toS:i.!ih, Harvey and Whitelaw,havingfail<*d 

to.«>-til.i all matters of difliculty among the 

iniiuhiiant?, especially among those on iha 

Ha?* ?i tract, further bgislalion wa^ demand- 

H, arjd an act, entitled An act for the pur- 

J-^v of quieting the ►ettlers on a certain tract 

of land in the wettern part of Bradford, was 

y a«-d by the Gen^'ral Assembly at llutland, 

^'ov. G, 1792, aa follows: 

' Whereas tlie Legiclature of this State, at 
th»-ir s<-s^ion, in Bennington, in the year of 
otir Lord, One Thousand ^H'ven Hundred and 
^'ntty one, pa^t d an act granting the town- 

ship of liradfr^rd to Israel Smith, Alexander 
Harvej and Jamef Whitelaw, Esqairea, upoB 
certain conditions and rentricliont tliereio ex- 
pressed. And, whereas a tract of land of 
three thousand, four hundred acres, lying in 
th« westi»rn part of said township was, bjc 
said grant, r^^rvvd for Geueral Moses Hazen, 
with the following condition, viz., that the 
said Monies Hazen should pay into the band 
of the before-named grant«;et as a Committee 
for that purpose, for the use of this i)t4»te, the 
sum of two shilling for each acre of land 
contained in the said tract, aud that the same 
should be piiid by the rising of tlie General 
.\sseinhly in October Uien next ; and that if 
the said Moses vhould not make part payment 
that then the Ixf ore named Com mil tee should 
pro eed to i<<ll the said tract of laud at public 
\en«luc — And where.i-* the said Moses hat 
filled to fultil the condition of snid grant, and 
the ^aid tract of land i'' now advertised for 
i'ule. a^rrt-ably to tl»«* dinviums of said ad; 
and it bmig now made to appear to this Ai- 
M-mbly iliat there aie a nuinU-r of settlers who 
liave made considt-raide improvement on the 
said tiact of land who will he greatly iujuied 
by the sale thereof 

Tlier»'foni. ii isher-rby enacted by the Gen- 
eral AsM-inbly (\ji the St:ite of Veimont, that 
lb*' said Israel Smith, Alexand^-r Harvev and 
James Whitelaw be, and they are hereby 
directed!, to noufy to the said setllera living 
on said tract of Ixnd, by s»-iii'«g up one adver> 
liseuunt on said tract of land, and one other 
adverlis'^ment on the si^;n post in said town, 
at le:u;t one forlr.i^ht l>ei'ore the time of their 
nie- lin»», noiifyi!«>; ihe hjtid sciiK-rs to api-ear 
;*nd state th«ir claiiii> to naid Conuuil!«'H , aud 
the said (^omniitt«*e s'mll thenj-roce^J to d.'od 
to such person* as appear actually t« l»e set- 
tled and iiiakint; improvements on haid tract 
«»f laud, the lands on which they live, not ex- 
celing one hundred acres toeHch settler, up- 
on their i«ay in 1^ into i!ie hand of such Commit- 
tee for the use of this Stale tha sum of two 
-hi! Imps for each acre of land so deede«l — and 
their pr<)iM>rtion of the necesi^ary exj»ens« of 
said Committee. 

.\nd it is hert by further enacted, by the 
autJiority afon-^aid, that all the remainder 
and re«idue of Faid trad of 3400 acres which 
sijall not be dcede«l to the settlers as aforesaid, 
shall by the saidConimillee bedeeded to John 
I>;irron of said Jiradford. u]»on hi< paying in- 
to the hand of said Committee for the u*«e of 
ihis State the sum of two shillings for each 
a^'re of land so deede*! to him, and hit propor- 
ii<»n of the ncre.vary ex|»ense of said Commit- 

Provided, always, that no deed shall be 
made of this land in ]»ursuance of this act, an- 

1 les«* all the money for the whole of the afore- 
said tract shall be f>aid into tlie bands of the 
aforesaid Committee before the first day of 

; Jube nexu" (See Ms. Laws of Vt, 17b7 to '92, 

i voLii. p. 453.) 

I In accordance with thit legislative enact- 
* mont, the anxious eettlers on landi to which 

•- 1 

■ ( 

4 • 1 




• 4 


r "1 

2 « 








they before had do l^gal clainut, were quieU^ ; 
valid titlf«, to lota unoccupied, given to tho^e 
who were wifbing to po»sc-» tbem ; and tbe 
general m'ttlctDent of tbe towDsbip accom- 
plished. How tbe 300 acres appropriated to 
tbf first Fettled miniiitcr or ministers, and tbe 
like amount for tbe support of schools, were 
finally diii|K>sed of, we shall see when we come 
to look into the state of ecclesiastical and ed- 
ucational natters. 

The jby?ical topography of this township 
is in the main, like that of most others in tbe 
Connecticut vallfy. The climate in the course 
of ench year var}'ing from tbe pieicing cold 
of Winter, to the intt^nse beatof Summer,with 
all degrees of intermediate alternations ; the 
rich intervales with their annual inundations: 
the high lands, eai^ily cultivated, and good 
alilce for grass or grain ; tbe tracts of forests, 
clturmingly variegated with birch, beech, elm, 
maple, and evergreen trees, now too rapidly 
disappearing; the various productions which 
richly reward tbe cultivator's toil ; the argil- 
laceous ledges here and there cropping out, 
and offering abundant material for cellar- walU 
and the underpinning of bouses; the inex- 
bau5tible Ftores of clay and sand of the b(«t 
quality for t!ie making of brick, to be used in 
the erei'tion of buildingx; and the unfailing 
wat4 r-privileg^-s with wliich tbe town is l»h'.-« 
fid; all combine to give animation, courng^' 
and ener^, to its enU;rpri>ing poj»ulatiun. 
Frora some of the high places in this town, 
the prospect on all sides*, but c-^iiefially as one 
looks away to tlie ean on the mountains of 
New llaiJijshire, throwing back in a AckkI of 
glory the beams of the declining sun, U not 
only sur]»a«»i»ingly beautifnt, but truly sublime. 
An admired American author, wlio bad then 
recently returned from a tour in Euroj*©, while 
sitting in his carriage and cout<*m]>laiing this 
scenery, remarked that be bad never seen 
anything of this nature either in England or 
France, which seemed to him so charming. 

A wvll informed rc:>ideDt of tbe town, more 
than 25 years ago, remarked that, there were 
not more than two, 100-acre lot»», wiiliin its 
limits which were not cultivated, and that 
the^io were on Wright's mountain ; and lur- 
tber, that, even on that mountain there were 
not more than 20 or 30 acres which not 
be improved as pasturage or woodland. 

Tbe small mountain just mentioned, occu- 
pies the northwestern corner of Bradford, and 
iu summit, according to Horace Q. McDuffce's 

measurement, is about 1700 feet above Coo- 
oecticut river, some 3 or 4 miles dimant tow- 
ards the cast, and 2100 above tide water. TKs 
sides of the mountain, west and aouth, are 
precipitous, consisting of almost perj^endiMi- 
lar ledges of argillaceous slate, from wlmh, 
especially on tbe south side, where there ix % 
deep ravine, huge fragmenta of rock in a^> s 
past have fallen down, one on another. for.-a. 
Ing various cavities, the largest of which hai 
been called *' Devil's Den," butmopt inaj-j ro- 
priately, since that evil )»ert*onage, there i.»n 
be no doubt, greatly prefers tbe society of 
kindred spirits congregated in cities, an*J •v-a 
country village.«, above any such solitary rave 
or den among wild bea«ts. Be that as it, 
it i.** said that a singular tran:^a<*tion once oc- 
curred in that cave, which attached to tha 
mountain the name which it flill bears. 'He 
stor)* l«. in substance, this — One of the ear!j< n 
settlers on the tract now callod Bradford, avw 
a religious fanatic by the name of r.t-n<>Di 
Wright, who conceived it to be hi« priv.l' ge 
and duty to prepare himself for the dj>nu- 
giiish^d honor and service }»ertaining :o a 
j»rojihet of the I/ord, by letting his bean! pr. w 
to a gr«at Un^lh, and by keeping a strict f i^t 
of 40 days and nights in the wildemes,*. \U- 
voting the time to meditation and ferv«nt 
I raver. When about to retire be prerar-l 
himself witli aleailiern girdle with a I uvkle 
on one end and forty progrc-^ive boh** in :!.e 
t»tlier, doi^niiig to gird himself, day by '\.\y, 
one d«f»ree clcser as hi? size sliould •liinia- 
i*-)!. F'»r this purj'ose ii is siidlie to*'k np 
h}> abode in the cave above i:ienti< n^i. 'r.i< 
proce^!* went on till tlie imjniiiou^ dvina'sl* "f 
aj»petite became too^^trong fur hi? rej*oIuii n, 
and in :he darkness of night he was det^-ct-1, 
far away from hi? j»lai?e of cor.cealmenl, in 
ijuest of food to sati^fy bis hungt r, for if be 
stavc-d where he had int^-nded to remain. ii« 
was ctmvinced he must die, and so bts fa:;c- 
tiiiionious attempt j-rove^J a ridiculous fail- 
ure. 5^li'il he immortalir-Hl himstlf, as i :' 
name ha.-* been j»ermanently attached to the 
mountain whieb witnes^e^l his« effort so J'TI*- 
ful to K-come a distinguij-hed prophet ol t»e 
Mo?t High. Let the place of bis rctireni* nt 
be also called by his name — Wright'i Cbrf .* 

•A rarriaitr rvA^ not a very irornl on*, wiw onre i»«»J* 
to f b« top «»( tli« nioUTiiJiin. aiKl tvo relH*nitiou» «-f il'** 
4th. ef July lia«e Itnn lirld tht-rf*. Tbe i^ri*!*^! <^'< ** 
tUat flftiith'O i« truly nm^'uiflernt ; and if to l«evl>t«)o* 
fj ia Moiutf |iart« t>f tb« ruantry. lo« aflln«nt la lie«ao- 
ful M*auvry, wouki l*e lii^bly ai»pivci«t««l t^j ctv««i**< 
Titit4ir«. t 

•w . 




•J :h« township i«» well watered, not only by 
ion umi ruble fpringi mnd riruleU richly rt- 
(ro..liing ibehiil niJe^.bot by larger streainp. 
On \x^ e««tern border flows the Connecticut; 
tbrMi^h it* northeastern corner H all's brook, 
Irnm Nfwbnry. pa5i»e* quietly along ; then a« 
you CO w)uih, Roaring brook, over its rocky 
prn'.|'icescoin*»s<la."»hingdown, to mingle with 
tli^ oih^jr at itA confluence with the Connect- 
itu-* and from the south- we?t, Rowell'a brook 
r.;tk-« ha<ie to reach the principal stream 
uKi -h from west to east, runs through the 
t*'\vD, and is dignified by the name of Wait's 
nv.r. Tlic two main branches of this stream, 
F(. n after entering Bradford, unite, and con- 
ftiiute a refpect.iblo river, which at Bradford 
r. r.t.r atTords a fine privilege for mills, and 
on ! i--ing through a narrow rocky channel 
a' . ut !ia!f a mile above its entrance into the 
r nnti licut, \Xf course becomes so swift and 
k:S''h' tliat three dams, at a mo<lerate dis- 
t.i!. ♦• from enoh other, have be«n built aoroj-8 
i', a:TorJi:jg rare advantngcs for grinding, 
f.i'vir,g. paper-making, and various other 
l.:nl- of hu«in«-s n-quiring water-j'ower. 
T:i"e fall? have contributed larg<*ly to the 
ji'V'rity of the en{(Tpri.«»iug and flourishing 
v.V.t^f* wliich haQ grown uj* around them. 

Tr.o incidents wliich gave name to this 
Ti\< r, as by tradition received, are too intcr- 
c i.n^ and affecting to be silently omitted. 
In I'.ie course of the old French war a mil- 
iii'v for»*e of New England mt'U under com- 
:.:.'A ('( Major Robert Rogers, in the year 
]7".», wa* Font to oha-^lijie and subdue the St. 
F: :, is triW of Indians in Canada, who had 
f r ..i!f a cvntury been in the practice of per- 
i '. I'itig act> of violence and barbarity on 
t , • -l.tni-:*, The?e men of war, styled Rog- 
tr > n ing' r<«, on the 6ih of October of that 
T' ir firj.k the fatal blow; but were forced 
t' * niuienc^ a speedy retreat which proved 
*->!rou.< to many, on account ofthcman- 
i:>-i lardOiips to which they were reduce*! 
*■' :I»' traversing the vast wilderne.«8 between 
• I iij lircnja^og lake on the border of Canada 
^••1 No. 4, in New Hampshire. Several, we 
ts '.V not how many of them, are said to 
1 v.r j»<rifhfd by absolute star\'ation. They liJl-i-Jto find supplies on reaching the 
1-^'Vfr Coot, but were disappointed. The 
»^ • a ii their great distress were there dis- 
1'*i.'1«h1, uud directed to seek sustenance for 
t..» T.ttlvfcs, by hunting or in whatever way 
^^y could. Captain Waite. with * small 

s«|uad, piHhfd OD down the river, ao^ with- 
in the distance of some 10 or 12 mileit, was 
so fortu:iate as to kill a deer, which gmr^ 
good refrei*hmi*nt to himself and bit famish- 
ing men; and having reserved a amall por- 
tion for themselves, he hung up the remaia- 
der cons] icut u-ly on a tri*e, or trees, for the 
relief of their sulTering a^^^ociatea who were 
exiHjcicd to be *>oon p.a.«Mng that way. That 
there might Iks no mij:under>t:inding he cot 
his name, W'aite, on the bark of a tree, from 
which he had i>us)>cndi-d a ]>ortion of hi« life- 
saving veniaon ; and as thi« tree stood on the 
bank of a small river, just above its union 
with the Connecticut, the grateful men in re* 
membrance of their kind benefactor, called ii 
Wail's river, by which name it baa ever 
since been known. 

Tlie fir^'t grist mill in this town was built 
by John Peters, in the year 1772. on tlie low- 
er falls of Wail's, river, near where the di- 
rect road from Newbury to Fairleenow crosi- 
er ; and, in 1774, a sawmill was built by 
Henjamin Baldwin, on the same stream, some 
20 or oO rod« above the said grt^t mill. Th<-se 
mills Were of great advantage not only to 
the settlers in litis, but in the neighb<»ring 

Tlie firht town-meeting, of which any rec- 
ord hasWea preserved, wa.* Iield at the house 
of 8amuel McDufTec, wheu the retjuisitw offi- 
cers were clio-ien, and the machine ry of a reg- 
ular township was put in working order. 
The list was as follows ; John Peters, moder- 
ator; Stevens McConnell, clerk; Benjamin 
Jenkins, supervisor; Hugh Miller, and Noah 
White, overseers of the. poor; Benjamin 
Jenkins, treasurer; Jf^se McFarland, Lieai. 
Jacob Fowler, and ilezekiah Silloway, sur- 
veyors of high- ways; liez«*kiah Silloway, 
constable; Amos Davis, collector; Samuel 
(lault, and Amos Davis, tithingmen. 

The next annual town-meeting. May 1,1775^ 
was held at the hou«e of Stevens McCannell, 
when, in addition to the choice of officers, it 
vot4-d to expend $300 worth of labor on the 
high-ways ; allowing each man 4s. 6d. per 
day for his own labor, and 3s. per day for a 
yoke of oxen. 

Business of a war-like nature was tho trans- 
acted. Tlie battle of Lexington which deci- 
sively ojtened the momentoos drama of the 
Revolutionary war had been fonght bat n 
few days before, and the state of the conntrj 
had become alarming. Therefore: 

• -» . 

r . 





* . i 

* ' I 

1 -I 

t ■ 






Voted to niM s town-stock, to he kept in 
the Trcm»ury. of one pound of powder, three 
pounds of U%^, and a dozon itints. to each 
man. in Mid town of Moore Town, from six- 
teen yearn to ei>;htv. 

Cho^ B«'njaniin^enkinft. and, Haines John- 
son, a coiniiiittof^ to look out and procure a 
Town -Stock of Ttowd*r, lend and flints, as 
the above vote oirect^. 

Vot<fd to rai>e Three Dollars in cash as 
prc^i-nt expense to the Committee for raiding 
said Ktock ; and that t!ie Aft^vi^on shall, or 
m»y, lay an on <*ach man a.« they 
shall judge ri^ht; and the Collector of the 
faid town of Moore Town, shall, and is here- 
by empowered to collect each man's propor- 
tion ad so aF<!igned. 

Vol»«d to pay in wheat, at the price the 
Committee phall enga^;e, for the Town-stock. 

May 7, ITTrt, Vott-d to int'et on the Hih, 
iupt to choose MiUitary officer."* : adjonrne*!. 

At a lalordate. Votvd to rai>*e i«5 jiound*; 
lawful money, for the purchase of j-owder 
and lead. 

May 29, 1777. Voted to send Bildad An- 
dro^S and Benjamin Baldwin to the con- 
vention at Windsor, to take measures for the 
org.^inisation of a new State/* 

Thc«e acts of the town indicate the state 
of feeling prevalent among its earlie,<t inhab- 
itant, in regard to public afl'airs. 

That dome-tic police regulation* for the 

restraint of mi.'ibehaving boys, men, and 

other animals, were not neglected, appear? 

from the aj»j»ointrafnt of tithingmcn to k'^ej) 

order in rt-ligious a,«sfcmblies, and puch other 

vott^ as these — 

"17Sr>, June 12, Vot^d to build a Pound, at 
the town copt, by order of the selectmen ; al.«o 
Stocks and a Sign }>ost" 

This Sign poft seems to have answered the 
double purpose of holding forth advertise- 
ments and warnings regarding public matters, 
and of serving as a Whipping post for the 
castigation of criminals. These instruments 
of terror to evil doers, the Stocks and Sign 
post, stood on the east side of the high way, 
where yon now turn to go down to the stone 
paper mill, and in a few instances were era- 
ployed in the punishment of notorious trans- 

•*1794, March 31, Voted that swine may 
run in the high way. having a yoke on the 
neck, of the following dimensions ; the depth 
of the neck above ; and half the dfpth, below ; 
and the thi<*kness of the neok. on each side; 
with a sufficient ring in the nose." 

8tray cattle and horses were to be impound- 
ed ; and thus due order to be preserved. 


By the grant of the township of Bradford, 
alias Morotown, by tlie General Af8emb\y cf 

Vermont, Jan 25, 1791, in tnisi tot the pvn 
pOAet therein specified, to Israel Smith, Alexao- 
der Harvey and James lIMiitclaw, Esqrs., ao 
appropriation of 300 acres of land, in the west 
part of the town, was made, and set apart for 
the support of a school in said town. Tliis w»t 
subsequently understood to mean, not om 
school, merely, but the district schools of tbe 
townsliip^ oollectivd^ and individually. From 
an early piriod of the settlement eommsnda. 
ble sttention was given to tbe inatruction of 
the children, In ^hools supported for a ftv 
months, in eacli year, by subscripilon or taxa. 
tion. When the town became so far settled a< 
to render it expedient, it was divided into 6 dis- 
tricts; and, lor a long while, about $300 na* 
raided, aunuaUy, for the sujf])ort of schools io 
these several districts. 

In March, 1812, the town entered into a c*^d- 
tract with Jonathan Austin, one of its inlabit- 
ants, to lease the above mentioned 3(K) ocre^ 
of school-land to him. his heirs and assigns, a? 
long as W'od should grow or water run, f »r the 
cousideratiou of the interest, at 6 per cert lo 
be annually paid, on the sum of $K>G^i.C7. 
amounting to $100 yearly; at the same time al- 
lowing the said Austin, his heirs and ass crx, 
the privilege of paying the above named prince- 


pal, in three equal instalments, at his or th-tr 
option. These instalments were, in the ciiur-^ 
of a f;.-w years, paid, and the claim of llie t«'wn 
to the said lands fiuoll}' alienated. 

In 1826 the sum of $4355 99 was rect-iv^l 
from the estate of Capt. \Villiam Trotter, dece i*- 
ed. to be held as a permanent fund, the ann^ 
interest of which .♦-um wa.i to be. and ninst ever 
be, appropriated to the support of the sev* ral 
district schools in said town. For the circuni- 
stances and manner in which the town became 
possessed of this proj»erty, the reader is rtf* ml 
to a sketch of the life and character of Caj- 
William Trotter, in the biographical sect on / 
this account of Bradford and its inhabitants. 

From the Treasurer of tlie State^ in the vt- 1 
1837, this tow* received, in three equal in^^aI- 
ments, the sum of $359" 51, os its portion (^ 
the surplus revenue in the Treasury of t - 
United States ; and voted to appropriate, r ^ 
petually, the annual interest of this sura tot e 
support of the common schools. The princir*^ 
was, and continues to bo. distributed in tlf 
way of loans, to various individuals, on Mti^^'C- 
toiy security given. From these several sour *« 
the town has a fund for the support of sch - <* 
amounting to $9020.20 : and yielding an m ' "^ 
si Income of $577.21, to be appUed as aU« 



r^^ifl«KL The number of the diftricts at the 
lime, of tb» writing (1869) it 12; and of 
5choUrs who atieuded anj part of the time 
darinar the year which cloeed in March, 1808, 
ab»>ui :n6 ; as near aa can be g ithcred fWwi the 
5q*rinicu Jeui's report. Among tbew rarlout 
sc.K^>K tlie avails of the fbnd appropriated to 
tliiir <»upi»«rt are legallj distributed, and the 
W^ii<^ wanted is obuinrd hy taxation. The 
suivriiiteudcnt for lifGS and 1809, R©T. J. K. 


Ti.c two Rchool- districts in Bradford Village 
liave united, and in conjunction with Bradford 
Aoadcmy. entered into the gra<led whool sra- 
tern. con*i-ting» in this instance, of two equal 
priniarr deparltnents, an intermediate, and an 
amUinio depjirtnieut ; to all of which pchobrs 
\x\o p'»ttr to the Union district are admitte<l 
witlioMi |>er''onal cliarge. Academic students 
from bf yond the linoils of the nl>ovo district, 
Kaviiijr the same advantages as at olher like in- 
ftitu?i^:i.«, par aecordinglv. 

Br.i.lO^rd Acadcnj was incorporated, and 
!!.e pre^iiit bnildings for its accomraodation 
e'MM in the year ls2<»; in the spring of 1821, 
wt-nt into snccessful operation, and during al- 
Hi ><i l.alf a century hxs been of gre;tl advan 

blj of Vermont, Kor. < 1^7, under the dmm 
of the Vermool Oeogrqibioel Aseociette nd 
Society of Kataral Ui^tifiif } bol bgr reqaeei cf 

the oorporatora, their title wae dtaoged and «•> 
Ubiished, Ij the same antboritj, Kot. Si, lS60t 
as aboTe giTea. The f«ie iur admiasioo to tb# 
aadociatioa was, for eome jeert, $10; but w«» 
sub^eqaentlj reduced to $5 ; and the number 
of the mcmbcrt hat boen graduallj increasing. 
From ita origin the members hare been in the 
habit of occasionaUj meeting; and during tbe 
winter nM>nthf» gonerallj once in 1 weekt, to 
attend to the reading of articles previously as- 
signed, on some one or more of the innuroera* 
hie topics included within the circle of oaefUl 
knowledge, or interesting sjiecuhition ; and in 
the lack of such original article^ to discuss anj 
matter of Interest, which, from reading or ob- 
servation, may, at the time, be introduced.— 
Occasionally public lecturee have been read or 
procured. A cabinet of minerals specimens of 
natural history, and various artificial curiositie* 
has been commenced ; and a good beginning of 
a valuable library made. 

The Association has been fovored by tbe 
Smithsonian In^itute with the donation of ▼•!• 
uable books ; als<v by members of Congress, and 

t.itre io tijc yonu:? jw^oplo of both sexes in it« various geological and literary friends in differ* 

TicMiv. The institution receives as«i«tance 
^TD tiu* Orange County Grammar-School lands 
t.> tl:f atiM'uut of about $U>0, annually; and 
! 45 o:!j' r resources yielding about $213 more, 
t:.i«]^-mKntly of the avails of tuition. The in- 
vi-<tcnJ ftiud belonging to the institution is about 
S."J j.'o. Of this sum, $450 were received from 
a P.m. J Arch Cliapter of Frte Masons in Brad- 
^M: $1.(»*X> bequeathed by Mr. Nicholas W. 
Ajtr: and aliout $2,100 bequeathed by Mrs. 
K: 7.1 C. Merrill. Tlie interest of the sum last 
t:*T/-l i^ to be appropriated, exclusively, to the 
r jrcli.i«e of books and apparatus for the benefit 
f f t! ^ instil ution. Valuable collections in both 
<i^p^rtj)ents have b^-en made, and ar.? regular- 
ly increa>«ing. In addition to the means ftir- 
- * M by the trustees, the Union district aa- 
^"■:.'> the re^iiont>i1*tliy of sustaining the school, 
'"' 1 K.iH hitherto givvn the principal and his as- 

* ^'atr.« A liberal support. The school at pres- 
*. ':.t i I M.M, und«r the in«traction and care of Mr. 

• W Ptlmer, a graduate of Dartmouth, ia in 
. i I 't'^i^erous condition. 

] ii«»DPoiu) savxnnc ASsoaiTioir. 
, T!.ip a.v^iciation, originated by Levi W. Bliie, 
''•^•*^»11 Famham, Jr., SHas McKeen, George 
- ^"^ ! jrd and Robert McKingsley Ormsby, waa 
i -^'^-^r^tcd by an act of the General Aaaem- 

ent parts of the country, in like manner. lU- 
c< ntly, three large volumes, comprising the re- 
sults of tho Geolojncal Survey of the State of 
Illinois, have Ven received as a donation from 
the conductor of thai great undertaking. Amot 
H. Wortheo, a native of Bradford, and an bon- 
orary member of thia Associatiou. At tbe 
writing of this article the official organizatkxi 
of the Association, Jan., 18G9. waa aa follows: 

Rev. Silas McKeen. D. D., Pres.. Rev. J.BriW 
ton, V. Pres., Charles H. Harding. Sec, Col B. 
f'amham, Treas. and Librarian ; & McKeen, J. 
Britton, Dr. William U. Carter, Dr. A. A. Do^ 
and D. W. Cobb, Commiue^ 

It ii worthy of remark her^ that the lint aN 
tiflcial globes, terrestrial and celestial, known to 
liavebK^n manufactured in America, were made 
in Dradford,.Vt., by James Wilson, Esq., about 
the year 1813 or '14; who, also, subsequently 
Cf^tabliHlied. in company with bis sons, a facto- 
ry of the same, at Albany. N. T., and for yeai* 
did a ■ontewbat extensive busineea there.* 
WOson^i globes were of excellent quality, and 

[• Mr. IToQgbtOB— 0«o. f . Esq., 8«c. oT t\f Stoit ITI^ 
toricAl 8«'clH7, Inforait m tkat Ira H. Ilin, for a lonff 
tlm* prindp*! of Fftirfleld jtcii4«ai7, mMto a flolia a« 
Bi. Alliutf, Tt. la 181L 8m pac« lU; 471— JBi.) 



• • 





■ ^ 



ill point pf oorrectoees and fiDish, suffered ootb- J dnitj being ftiniished bj R. Farnbam, E«a 
ing in ooropariflon witb tlie best European. Mr. { associate editor. Tbe poIitioB of the Aurori 

WUson died at Bradford, Marcb 26, 1855, in tbe 
93d jear of his age. 


Tbe first newvpaper published in this town 
was styled the American ProUctor^ whig in pol- 
itics, ooromencod in 1843, bj A. K F. Hildretb, 
proprietor and editor. lu the course of 4 or 5 
years tlie paper became rather neutral in poll- 
tics, and its name was changed to tbe Vermoni 
Family Gazitte. Tliis was continued to abouV 
tbe first of October, 1851^ when it was changed 
to Wliiie Rivtr Advertiser^ and rcmored to 
Wliiie River Juuction. 

While Mr. liildrcth was publishing his paper 
in Bradford, ho made up fK>m its roi!*cellancou8 
matter a Kmi'monthlj magazine, in 8ma form, 
called the Green Mountain Oem. This ceased its 
exiFtenco with that of the Familj Gazette. 

In 1851, tlje yarihem Enquirer was coro- 
monced: Dr. L. TV. Bliss, publisher, and R. 
McK. Orrasbj. Esq., editor. The press was 
purchased bjr Ormsbj, who was a whig of tlie 
WebAtcr and Claj school, for the purpose of 
advocating tho nomination of Mr. Webfter for 
the presidency. On the failure of Mr. Webster 
to receive the nomination at the Baltimore Con* 
Tent ion, tlie c«»ntrol of the Inquirer was resign- 
ed for a while to otlicr bands. From October. 
1852. till March. 1853, it was published by 
Messrs. Brown and Grow : A. C. Brown, edi- 
tor; and was an advocate of Gen. Scott*s elec- 
tion to tho presidency ; after which period Mr. 
Ormsby again took charge of it, until about 
tlie flivt of December, 1854. 

The Inquirer was strongly opposed to the for- 
mation of tite Kopnblicsm party in this State, 
and, soon after the dissolution of the old Whig 
party, was sold by Mr. Onnwby to O. A. Bowi? 
and tlie name. Nor. 25. 1854, changed to the 
Bradford Inquirer. Mr. Bowe published but 
a few numl>cra. when, early in the year 1855, 
be Ci^nveyod his interest in the publication to 
L. J. Mclndoe, who continued it under the 
nanoe of the Orange County Journal, The Jour- 
Da) was Rcpublicai: in politics, and advocated 
the election of John C. Fremont for the presi- 
dency. In November, 1857. Mr. Mclndoe again 
changed tbe name of the paper to the Aurora 
of the ValUy ; and having purchased the Wind- 
■or Journal, unit<-d the two papers in one, but 
under different names, to accommodate die two 
different sections of its patrons. The Aurora 
was only nominally publislied at Bradford, the 
•ditorial and local mattcn lor this town and tI- 

ftx>m tbe beginning have been Republican.— 
Tills paper, printed at Windsor, and m'ncfa of 
its matter btiug tbe same as appears in the sec- 
ular department of the Vermont Chroaich^ pub. 
ILshed at tbe same office, is still (1869) continued 

The Xaiional Telegraph was commcDced nx 
Bradford in 1856, by the late Rev. Wm. M. 
Mann, and its publication continued by him Mil 
his decease, in 1 858. The publication wns tl.^ q 
suspended for some time, when the pr»M wa^ 
bought by Dr. Lucius G. Butler, and a I\ mo- 
cratic paper, styled the Telegraph was puh]i«'{i(^j 
by him, advocating the policy of thut l^anv. and 
aiming to support the administration of Jamn 
Buchanan, but was not of long duration. 

A semi-monthly sheet, called tbe G^ef^ 
Mountain Farmer^ devoted to agriculture. wa< 
eommenced in March, 1852, by L. R. Morrl«. 
Esq., but in the course of a few months wa' 
discontinued for the want of adequate supf»rrt 

In June, 1866, A. A. Earlo iKsued hore t!:c 
first number of his Xational Opinion^ a verr d*' 
cidedly Republican paper, and in about 6 
months sold out to D. W. Cobb, who hal hcx-2 
connected with Earle in the publicstion. ar.l 
still sustains it This paper advocated Firo*.;- 
ly the election of Grant and Colfax to the im 
highest offices in tho national government, kvi 
the policy of tbe Republican admini5i ratio-., 
generally. • 


In tbe spring of 1853 a form, with convoy- 
ient buldings on the same, was purcha«oU br 
tlie town for the accommodation of its i>ot. st 
the expense of $1700. Payment was mnd^- \j 
an appropriation to that amount from the scli<*v 
fbnd ; the interest being still paid and ajj *' 
as before, to the support of schools. This fam 
originally owned by Klisha Xewhall, lies :«l*^' 
one mile south of the town-bo^i^» i° r^* * ^' * 
retired location, and is very well ad.ipfed to i:« 
intended u^e. Some man witb a wife, i^ fr n: 
year to year, employed to oversee the cftal ' *- 
meni, and take due care of the beuefioiarivs.^ 
This method of providing for the poor is ;i^:> 
gether preferable to tbe old way of utt : 
them up yearly at public auction, to be d:.*tr ■ 
uted in detail to the lowest bidders. The pr-^ 
ent experiment after the lapse o* a dozen vci."^. 
is con.<<i«ler€d. in a good degree, sat isfa^ tort.-' 
In 1856 the town-farm and buildings werf f^ 
timated at $1941.33, and tbe personal prop^' 
ty -belonging to tbe same at $1183 95; t.' 
whole amounthig to $3125.28. 




TIE Towjr BALL. I tliAt 10£ b« Added io th« 30X ToUd for tkai 

The ground on which this bnilding 9Und«, par(>o»e la*t tpring ; the Mud Uz to bo paid 


near the S. W. end of the village, wa* given 
for ihi* purpose by ChArlce C. P. Baldwin, for 
loiije years high theri^ of Orange County, 
tni C. S. marihal for the district of Vermont. 
Tli«- Mta WAS very ncAr to thai of hi* own rtji- 
iJ.nce. The building — a commodiout two 
fiorj edifice, with a cuj^oIa— wa« erfccl«*d in 
ths vo-ir 1857, At the co#t of *2«K<1.21 obuin- 
e.i bv direct taxalion. Thi* townhouso— or 
U/wn hall, AH it i« now commonly called — if 
u'^t'd not only for town-raeeting-«, but for pub- 
he lecture?, occa.-»ional preaching, school exhi- 
l;tioQ», bhowa, leveci, court*, And a11 luch- j'Urp05ei. 


The fir»t settlers of this town, while few 
IS I |»oor, manifested a commendable dc»ire 
to i^-cure for themsclve* and families such re- 
liz.o'js privileges as they had left in tiie vari- 
oj? ol ler pla^i-s from which th«y had fever- 
»;!y riaigraled ; and. at an early date, put forth 
ih»r corrti»ponding endeavors. The majority in favor of Congregational preaching, 

in wheat. At shillings a bothel. Esq. BIisa, 
Jo»eph ClAik And CApt. McConnell wato Ap- 
pointed A committee to CArry out the Abovo 

lT^i8. Not. 22, the town yoUsd to send a 
letter to Mr. Store, desiring him to come And 
preAch And settle with os as a minister, if ire 
can agree — not without. It would se«m tliAt 
the lack of such agreement prevented the mia- 
liter's coming. 


17S8. Sept. 2d, At the freemen's meeting, 
the town Appointed A committee to ** drift • 
$tdk€ where to tei a ^neeting-kaute** And report 
at the next town-meeting. 

October 18, it wa.* decided by the town, that 
the mceting-hou«e should be set on the tlAt, 
near £<s<}> Peters* barn, and that Jt should 
be 50 U-nX long, 40 feet wide, and 23 feet posta 

Then arofte the serious (]ue»tions: who 
should build said hou.«e — who be re.tpouMbie 
for the ex|>en.<*e, and in what way the meanf 

S!M :n accordance with the laws and ui^age* ^^ payment should be obtained? Town- 

( f iliat day, when they began to act a* a reg 

meeting after town-raet-iing wa* held, extend* 

thrly orgrinired town-lnp. took in hand, by] ing l»»rough the lapse of 4 j ye.irs, in which a 

ttwa auihurity, the businehs of not only ein- 
I'.uymg and paying mini.-ivr* of that |>er*ua- 
»:'D, I'Ui of biiiiding a meeting hou^e for their 
(' < uj-ancy. Tho*^, only, who filed with the 
t^wQ-cIerk an authentic J«,*5timonia] that they 
bl'cig.'d to anotlier denomination, and pro- 
t'-ud again«t being taxed for the support of 
ill*, were lp|;ally exempt from such taxation, t 
In 1782 the town voted to raise £20, to pay 
t wn charg*»s, for preaching, Ac. Chose doc- 
t'': .\Ddro^s, captain Robert llunkins and 
Nab Foard, to procure preaching, to be paid 
ijT oat of the funds above mentioned. 

Aj ril 2. Vot«d, to hire Mr. Steward or 
Mr. .<iore to preach with us two or three 
- i.iU this summer. — The>i were worthy 
"^w.-.-Xfit of the Congregational order. And 
"R^-re e:nj»loyed to preach At BrAdford and 
^a.rl(e, alternately. 

In May, 1763, at a town meeting cAlled for 
t a: j-uri-ofe, At the house of widow GauU, 
itwa* volwi to pay Col. Morey, of Fairlee. 
ikir.* j-ounds for boarding minister! ; And the 
a 'bierji the sAme Amount for their services 
tt* pa«t yeAT. 
nS5. Sept. 15. Voted to hire a minister 

variety of ]d:ins and metho^is were earnestly 
a«ivocated and oj-jn^sed — ^Olne of them At 
times adopted, Aud again reject^-^l — until, on 
the 19tb day of March. 17*^3, it was decided, 
thai the town committee apj^ointed for tliAt 
pur]>o>e should go forward and Fee the work 
accomjdislied. This committee having enter- 
ed into A definite contract with certain build- 
ers, to make the tiling f^ure. aft^^r ^o much de- 
lay and altercation, required and received 
from them the following bond : 

•* Know all men by tliese pre«ent«, that we, 
Jo<e]'h Clark, of Bradford, in the county of 
Orange and ^ft;ite of VVrmont. and Kdward 
Clark, of Haverhill, in the county of Cirafton, 
and SiAte of New HampHhire, gentlemen, 
Ktand firmly bound onto Jolm Barron. Natb'l 
White, Hubert llunkins and Thomas May, all 
of said Bra<lford, in the county and ^tato 
afore>aid, Km^Vs. in the sum of two tbou^and 
]»ounds, L. M. — we bind ourselves, our heirs, 
executors and Administrators — which pay- 
ment to be made by the 1st day of July, 171^. 

The condition of the above obligation it 
such, that if the aforeitaid Jo.%eph and Edward 
Clark shAll build and complete a meeting- 
house in said Bradford, on the rising ground 
between Edmon Brown's And Andrew B. Te- 
ters', of SAid BrAdford, fifty feet by forty feet, 
with A porch At one ena. And a i>orcu And 







(0 preach on probAtion for settlement, And [steeple At the other end, like a plAn tbAt bAtk 






been »liO\vD to the above taid John Uarroa 
an'l othffi*, aforcpnid — ?aid hou9e to be well 
finished, well glawcd. well underpinoed with 
hard «ton<», with good hard door-»lonei — paid 
bouite with a steeple, with a good weatlier* 
ccKji— the workmansluD in every part to be 
completed equal to Kewbury, or to the accept- 
ance of an indifferent committee that phall 
be cho.sen by the partiea — laid honse to^ be 
completed by the Ut day of July, \79o. — 
\Vhen completed, the above oblij^auon lo be 
void and of none effect — otherwise to be in 
full force and virtne.'* 

" Dalod at Bra^lford, lhi8-23d day of April, 
Anno Domini 17i^3. 

Edward Clabk, L. S. 
Joseph Clark, L. S. 
** Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence 

ol ut, John Underwood, ) 
Levi Colhna/' J 

The buildcra fulfilled their contract, and the 
bouse was ready for the ordination of the 
elected pastor on September 2d, following. 

By vote of the town the pews had been sold 
in advance, at public auction, before the 
above contr.ict with the builders was made, 
to that the means of defraying the expense 
were fomii«hed, without report to general 
taxation. The pews below sold from 'S2£ to 
4£ lis each ; and those in the gallery from 
8£ to 6£ 6s. That was the first meeting- 
house the writer of this article ever saw, and 
the one in which he was, some 12 or 14 years 
after, ordained as pastor. 

We have now a meeting-house : let us go 
back a little, and see how the first pastor was 

1793. Oct. 12, at a town- meeting called 
for that purpose : 

"Votoi to hire some prciching this fall, 
if some candidate should chance to come this 

It seems that Mr. Gardner Kellogg chanc- 
ed to come along, and was employed. 

1794. March 31. Voted to raise 16X law- 
ful currency to pay for preaching. 

July 3d, Voted to hire Mr. Kellogg 3 
months longer. 

Sept. 24, 1794, Voted to give Mr. Kellogg 
a call to settle here in the ministry. 

Nov. 10, Voted to give Mr. Kellogg 200jC 
in labor and materials for a house — part to 
be paid in a year ; part in t^o years ; and the 
remainder in 3 years. AW, to give him 50X 
for the first year, and to increase by the addi- 
tion of 5£, till it amounts to 75i: or f 375, 
which shall be the regular salary. One qnar 

wheat, at 5t. % bushel— or neat ttock eqaiv- 
alent to said wheat. 

1795. Jan. 13th, Voted to give Mr. Ktl 
logg in addition to the above, 20 cords ef 
wood yearly, if needed. Also, to give hia 
200X settlement, in land. This offer, consid- 
ering the times and circnmstancet, was very 

March 21« 1795, ^Ir. Kellogg returned at 
affirmative answer to the call which had beea 
given him; and at a town-meeting held Juns 
6, 1795, it was decided that the ordination of 
Mr. Kellogg should be on Wednesday, the 2d 
day of September next ; and that the minii- 
ters called to unite in the ordaining council 
should be Rev. Nathaniel Lambert of New- 
bury, Sto]>hen Fuller of Vershire, Asa Burton 
of Thetford, and Lyman Totter of Norwich, 
Vt ; Rev. Joseph Willard of Lancaster, Eiliaa 
Smith of Haverhill, John Richards of Pier- 
mont, John Sawyer of Orford, William Cod- 
ant of Lyme, Isaiah Potter of Lebanon, and 
Scth Pay^n of Rindge, N. H. ; Joseph Ly- 
man of Hatfield, Samuel Hopkins of Hadlej, 

and Kellogg of Framingham, Mass. 

The council was entertained at the public 
house of Col. John Barron, and the ordics- 
tion services were performed according to ap- 
pointment In all these trant^actions every 
tiling seems to have been done by town su- 
thority ; not the least reference being m^U 
to even the exi>tence of a church. There wa«, 
however, such a church under the miniMry of 
Mr. Kellogg ; but when it was formed, of h\yvs 
many members it couhisted, or what it did, 
cannot now be stated, as no record has l»«ra 
pre>erved; and within a few years after tbit 
pastor's dismission, that church voted to dis- 
solve, and a now one, consisting partly of 
members from the old one and partly of dvW 
converts, was formed, in June, ISIO, and stiU 


In the grant M this township, made in tr^'t 
to Smith, Harvey and Whitelaw. there ww t 
reservation of 300 acres of land, the fso* 
being a part of the 4000 called the Hiix<'a 
lands, to be deeded to the town, and re^rvcd 
for the benefit of a minister or ministen to b« 
settled in said town. It wat from this r^^r* 
vation that land to the estimated value of 
200X was promised to Mr. Kellogg as his 5^ 
tlement, ax it was called. As he was the M 
minister settled by the town, it was. for » 

ier to be paid in money^the remainder in I time, maintained that tlie whole of this Uni, 





m justice bclongM to him. But m a Calvin- . record of the cAlling of a cooDcil, or of anj 

i.\]c [Ujttii't charch h»4l b«en formed ftboat ecclmwtical actioQ in Ui« CA^e. And ibua^ 

the ^aIne time, nod built a meeting- hou«e, and \ aft«r tba lap»« of nearly 14 jean from it« nu|»porling a minJMer entirely at their 
own ixj*^nj»e, they claimnl thai a due propor- 
i:.»n of xhe rainh-ierial lands ought to be grant- 
eJ ;o ihfm. After much dij^cuf^jiion, d»n.iding 
;ini roc«»n*i'lt-ring wljat Fhould he done, the 
lo-Ai finally «ame to the conclusion to deed 
:>"ta re5 to Kev. Ciardncr Kello^a;, his heirs 
atiJ *-^i^ns forever, and 100 acres to a com- 
niitic appointed for that purpoj^e by the »aid 
raj ti^l ^^Ol•iety for their use and benefit.— <l<o<i3 were made by the feloclmen the 
fjin- day, Aug. 4, 1796. The consideration 
on ih*» j»art of Mr. Kellogg ax specified, is 
lllf l^s.; and on the part of the B&pti5t 
? H i-ty, one penny, lawful money, duly paid. 
Ti.:- S>''i«'iy,in the cuurse of a few years, be- 
crii'- extinct, their meeling-hou!»e, whirh 
f: h"\ in close proximity to the cemetery on 
tb- upper }>lain, on the north side of tlie 
Mm**. wa«», after standing for a long while 
(i>«!Ate, takf-n down; and the land which 
)..\ i h' on appropriated to them, or rather the 
c-r.-:J< ration for which it was «old, i* now 

] -'pi by another Fociety calling thera- 

5lv*NChri.''lian Baptists or Christians, in quite 
a i.tTt rtMil part of the town, and used for the 
f jj r.ort of their ministry. 

Tii;s method of supporting a minister, by 

t-^xa-taxHlion, w.!* attended with many diffi- 

c .lt..«. and finally proved a failure. In view 

tf hi- «eiilcinfcnt and during its continuance, 

t-r-'- who were unwilling to pay for his pup- 

: rt wc'r<» prom[»t to give the requisite notice 

• It ihey belonged to some other denomina- 

■ T.. and did not consent to be taxed by the 

' A a for the sup|ort of their minister. And 

^■• tl*- matter grew more and more embarrass- 

-:. K.ih to the minister and bis adherents, 

■ .1 c.nlled the town,) until the town at their 

Ml' h lo'^Ming. 1S09, appointed a committee 

^ r. in->l Rev. Mr: Kellogg to ask for a dis- 

~ -.'.n. To this application he replied that 

I w.^uld be ready to join in council for his 

;. :i.j«ion, when the town should j»ay up 

*: it ihey were owing him. April 6. 1600, it 

^A^ voi^J that, the selectmen be authorized 

Vj L.ake up a Ux of J t83, to be paid by those 

t^t nempt by law, to nettle up with Mr. 

K^l' c«. By the payment of this balance 

Jut. the town seem to have considered the 

' '-HKiion between them and their first, and 

tt t»ct only miniiUr, dissolved. There if do 

commencement, the ministry of thit good 
roan, in Bradford; was terminated. 

The Rev. Gardner Kellogg was a man of 
fair, o^)inary ability, well e«lucated, mild, 
moderate and conciliating in his spirit and 
manners, evangelical in his sentiments, and 
without reproach in his Cliristian and minis- 
terial character. Not long after his removal 
from this place, he wa^ constituted pastor of 
the Congregational church in Windham, 
Maine ; where ho fini.^hed the work on earth 
which his Lord had given him to do. and 
passed away to his final ref>t; leaving an ex- 
ceedingly amiable family, rich, not in this 
world's goods, but in faith and good works. 


in Bradford was organized June 24, ISIO, bj 
the coitnsel and aiisistance of Rev. Stephea 
Fuller, pastor of the church in Vershire. Th« 
new church, at first, consisted of but 7 mem- 
bers, 2 men and 5 women. For over 5 yean , 
they were without a regular pa«>tor ; tliongh 
not without preaching, for much of that time. 
Rev. Silas McK^en, tlieir first pastor, cola- 
ui'^nced his ministry here July 25, 1814. oa 
the second Sabbath after having received li- 
cense to preach ; and, OcL 28, 1815, received 
ordination, and was duly constituted pastor. 
After the lapse of 12 years of various surcesf 
and discouragement, for want of com)»etent 
support he asked for a release from his pasto- 
ral charge; and by act of council, Oct 29, 
1.S27, received a regular dismission. WhiU 
preparing his farewell sermon, he was unex- 
pectedly invited to another field of ministe- 
rial labor. He had but fairly commenced bis 
ministerial work there, before be received a 
pres-iiing call from his Bradford |»eoide to re- 
turn to them, as they had found themselves bel- 
ter able and more strongly united than thej 
were previously aware of.and in the mean time 
had made what they ho]>ed would be satisfac- 
tory arrangements in regard to his f»ermanent 
support. To this truly warmhearted invita- 
tion he gave a cordial recejition, and Jan. 17, 
1828, was again regularly constituted their 
pastor, after an absence of a few weeks ; and 
a season of precious refreshing from the di- 
vine presence immediately ensued ; and the 
church was most happily increased in nam* 
bers and strength, 
lo the autuma of 1832, Mr. McKeen, with- 




V, ,| 












out tbe lea«t previoos coosoltatioD or notice. I 
having been called to the pastorate of the 
First Congregaiional church in Belfast, Maine; 
by consent of the church in Bradford, the 
matter wa5 referred to Uie consideration of an 
ecclusiastical council, who advised that he 
fthould accept of the call, which having been 
once declined had been urgently renewed, and 
accordingly, he was again released from his 
pastoral charge, December 31, 1832. 

During Mr. MvKeen's absence, of 9 year? 
and a little over, the church and society in 
Bradford were favored with the labors of sev- 
eral stated supplies; and with the services 
of the Rev. Cephas Kent as their regular pas. 
tor. from Dec. 27, 1837, to Dec 15, 1841; 
when, in consequence of dilficulties which had 
occurred, he received, at his own re4ne.*t, a 
regular dismission, being duly recommended 
by tlio council as an able and faithful pastor. 

The church and |>eople being thus left in a 
%omewhat di.'^tracted and trying situation, 
with great unanimity extended to their fir^t 
pa<tor a call to return to them again, which 
he accejited. Ho re-commenced his ministry 
in Bradford on the first Sabbath in March. 
IS 13, and on the 2'Hh day of the subsuqnent 
May, wa<« re installed pastor of his own [peo- 
ple ; with w)iom he continuiMi, in that ca}»ac- 
ity, for a fcw months over 23 years longer ; 
wlien. having from his own impre.<Mon of ex- 
j»edioncy a^ked for a final rflea^se from his 
]».aHtoraI labors, with the kindest feelingn of 
all cunccrni'd, he preached his farewell ser- 
mon. July 20, 18»>G; though his regular dis- 
mission by act of council did not occur till 
the 21st day of November following. The 
whole {x'riod of his active ministry here was 
42 years and about d months. 

After the close of Rev. Mr. McKeen's min- 
mry in Bradford, several of his friends in re- 
membrance of the past, and still wishing him 
to remain with them, presented him and his 
wife with a life-lease, free from rent, of a 
plea«ant residence near the Congregational 
church, at an expense of about $2,t>00. An 
example truly worthy of the imitation of oth- 
er people in like circumstances. 

The next pastor of thU church was Rev. 
John K Williamis tlien roconily from the Tboo- 
logical Seminaiy at Andover. Id him, the first 
and only candidate, in tbia instanoe, the dmrch 
and people were immediately united ; and with 
the proiipoct of competent aupport, and m iair 
field of ttiofulneea be was ordaioed to the mm* 

tural oiBce here, Nov. 22, 1866L During tU 
first year of liis ministry, an Interesting ses^oa 
of revival was enjoyed, and peace and prueij^rr- 
ity have subsequently continued. Tli<.> wli«.l« 
number of members added to this churcli ^jt ,^ 
its organization, June 24, 1810, to Feb. 24 
1800, has beeu 507. 

Several valuable donations worthy of retmni 
brance, have, from time to time, been ma>l< U 
fi-iends resident in the place. CapL«:2 
Trotter presented the church with a conni-.r.. 
ion service, the plates of britaunia. but t.^ 
tankard and 4 goblets of FoWd silver. 

Mr. Timoihy .\yer bequeathed money su* 
cieut to purchase a dc>sirable pari«ooage. kult 
boil for the meeting-house. 

Mr. Jolm.<K>ii A. Hardy gave a church cVkc 

Mr. Nicholas W. Ayer gave, in his la^i W,:! 
One Tliousand dollars to the society ; theiui' 
est to be Mpproprialcd to ihcsupport of projul/r : 

Mrs. Beiscv S. Ayer, bis widow, gave, in U 
manner, to the churvh, $500, the intore&t to 5^ 
annually apprupriated in the same way, nni 1: 
no other 


T!»o first Methodist people in this town arr 
said to have bt?on Mr. Giles Peckett and w;'", 
who emigrated from England in 1774, a- d y- 
tled here in 1779 or '80. Mrs. Peckca l^ 
second wife of Gile«, whose maiden namf ^ J 
Margaret .\ppl'.ton, had bo:?n, belbro hor n:s- 
riage, a servant or liouse-keeiwr in tlie f-r. ; 
of the celebrated John Wesley, and h^l J- 
come strongly established in his doctrinal rir^-. 
and in her attachment to the cau.ce in wiiio'. ' 
was engaged Her husljand*8 views and ?; .. 
pathies were in agreement with her oa-n. 

Tlioy appear to have been warmhva: ^ 
Christian people. He died without Iiavin;: ' ■: 
a minister of his own denomination in .\n tr ^ 
She lived to see the cause so dear to her Ir-* 
beginning to prosjxjr; and departed this 1:.' '- 
the year 1802, in full hope of a blcs-^ed iiii^ '• 


For some 15 or 20 years longer the j- • 
worship of this denomination wa^* chicflr a: ^ - 
tchooMiou!ie on the lower pbiin, near wlur : * 
i*ecketu had lived. In those days prolal-'j ' ' 
othei man did so much to promote the c^^* 
as Joseph Clark, a local preaclier, of verf I - 
tod education, but a man of an excellent 5: '^ 
The little church gradually increased io ^'- 
bers and infiuenoe, until a plain but ouoi v 
ble meeting-house was built, in the same loc^ 
ity, but considerably nearer the vill^fre- 

With that bouse the BocSety , after a few j^'' 

' M 



b<<c.tTne diJ««ati8fled ; not onlj wm its loc»tioo 
UK^nvenient. but ibe UnWerialisU wbo bad 
toli^e^i to bu'ild tbe bou»e. had a rigbt to occu- 
pr it some part of the time ; tbe looictj bad 
p>wn stronger, and tb.* re.-uU waa that the 
loii^c which was bj no means an old one, was 
fr^lJ for a tin-worker*8 shop and store, and a 
tvw aud uioro commodious one built In a pleaa> 
ant \vin of the villiijj'o, near tb j Congregation. 
al Tliis ^i^ accoaiphsheJ In the year liJ49 ; 
au I tliii uew hou<e has subsequeuilj been en-^T'^l. The growtli of this church, like the 
Coiij-^eg^iiional has been plow, but health j ; 
a- d :Iio combined and best influence and eflbrts 
of K»th are needed in the j'lace. 

Tire is antitlier Methodist meeting-bouse 
:x',A church in the S, W. part of the town, 
wli« Tt' public worship is rcKuUirijr maintained. 

T i-rc i^ still another religious societj in tbe 
ijr rill western quarter of the town, and adjoin' 
itiiT i.< ijr'.iborhood, called Goshen, who also have 
a nicttiii^f-houw and observe public worship. — 
Til. V. nc firyt, not wishing to be reckoned scc-;:tii':, iti}it-d themselves Christians, and under 
t!ic ii.dueuce of a new organiz-jtion, and of zeal- 
o>i.<! ]<re:i( hers, were more flourishing as a 60ci> 
CIV. than thej have seemed to be in later jeara. 
Tl.ore ure also in the town a considerable 
r.injV'f of U .iversalists, who have -occasional 
pviriiu;; nt the town-hall, but have never jet 
ha<l a meeting-house of their own. ' 

In tiie inidst of all these religious privileges, 
ii U 1 bineiitaiile c^msideration there are indi> 
^iiuil.v nut a few, who seldom appear in any 
wvrv lijmijr as,<emblv except on some special ot- 
c~- lu .<iUl a great and good work has been 
»••• • :.;»!i*-ln.'d bv persevering Christian endear- 
^rn, the cau.«o of truth and righteousnefti U 
d ^:itit-d here and univcrsallj to triumph. 

t';i ■ of the earliest combined eflbrts in tbe 
>;.» . . in favor of tem]>erance, was here organ- 
ic i. in 182*5, and, by pc*n«evering, though 
; ^' : 1- .vliat desultory exertions, in the course 
. '^^f 4J years a great amount of evil has been 
*«^."t'l. and of good, both to individuals and 
•• •' .• Tj. secured. ' The cause is one of vital in- 
t^r.-t. Slid can be sustained only by tbe di- 
. yizr l.l'^^^ing on the resolute persistence of ita 
: f-'.^'uh. ia well doing. 

' Toe J Cleeks, with the periods of their 

1773. SUvens McConnell, 

1774, No record, 

1775, Jacob Fowler, 

1776. Stevens McConnell, 

1777 to '80, No record, 

1751, Stevens McConnell, 

1752. Benjamin Baldwim, 

17S3 to *S5, No record, , 

17$G, Stevens McConnall, 
17v^7. No record, 
17S8, No record, % 
17S0, Benjamin Baldwim, 
1700 to 93, John Underwood, 
1794 to *97, Moses Cbamberlaio, 
17yS to '1815, Andrew B. Petera, 
IMG to '20, John H. Cotton, 
1821 to *37. Andrew B. Petera, 
1838, Horace Strickland, 

1839 to *45, Andrew B. Petera, 

1840 to 64, George P. Baldwin, 
I85ii to '62, Adams Preston, 
1SG3, Charles Harding, 

1804 to 'G9. Edward Prichard, 
RErRE^EKTaiivLS of Bradford, with tht 
periods of their election : 

1788, John Barron, 

1710, A»li6r Chamberlain, and CoL 

John Barron to assist bim in 

obtaining a Charter. 
1791. John Barron, 
1702. Naib*! White, and M. BarrOA 
1703 and '94, John Barron, 
1705 to* 97. Micah Barron, 
1708 'liO. Andrew B. Petert, 

1800. William Simpson, 

1801. Andrew B. Petera, 

1802. Daniel Kimball, 
1803 '04. Andrew B. PeUn, 
1805, Arad Stebbins, 

18()G to *13, Daniel Kimball, 
1814 to '18. John H. Cotton, 
1819 to '21, John Peck^tt, 

1822, George W. Prichard, 

1823, John Peckett, 

1824 to *26. Jefse Merrill. 2d. 
' 1827. George W. Prichard, 

1828, Jesse Merrill. 2d. 

1829. Joseph Gark, 
1820. Jesse Merrill, 2d. 
1831. John B. Peckett, 
1832 '33. Jesse Merrill. 2a. 
1834 to *3G. Arad Stebbini, jr, 

1837. J. W. D. Parker, 

1838. Arad Stebbins. jr. 

1839. J. W.D.Parker, 

1840. Adams Preston, 

1841 *42. AJvin Taylor. 
1843 *44, Georga P. Baldwin, 
1845, Ko cboioA, 



_ ♦ 

5 . . 
< •• 


?■• . 

i -I 

s ; 

/ . ■ I, 

• J 




1846, Amd Subbint, jr. 

1847. George P. Baldwin; 
1848 to '50, Hubbard Wright, 
1S51 to *53, No choice, 
1854, Kichird R. Aldrich, 
IK^. Hubbard Wright, 
IhbT Horace Strickland, 
1858 '59, Ge<>rge Prichard. 
1860 'Gl, Geor^-e L. Butler, 
ie«2 to 'Go. Hubbard Wright. 
1SC6 'a?. Barron Hay, 
1868, Hubbard Wright, 

£TATC or BtADroBD IS ▲. D. 1869. 

Population, according to the la.<>i census, 
1689. Grand-list for 18<i8,f"'.t»t>8.09 ; num- 
ber of dwellinghouiM^, in the village, about 
120; in the town, hoteU. 2; meeting-hou9e«, 
4; gri-ct-roillit, 2 : ftaw-roillF, 2. ftores of vari- 
ous sorts, 12; kit faciorii'S, 2; sash and 
blind faitory, iron foundry, paper-mill, mar- 
ble-Fhop, R. R, Dejvot Ac. 

The following summary of the business of 
thi^ place, town officers, professional men, Ac, 
is from Wallop's Vt. Regiptcr for 1869, some- 
what corrected : 

Brapford. Orasoe Co, Town clerk. Ed- 
ward Prichard ; constable, Elli^ Bliss ; over- 
seer. Joseph W. Bliss , a^zt-nl, Mo>f9 R. Cham- 
berlain ; snpt., J. K. Williams ; treas., John 

B. Pockflt; sclecimen. Hiram W. Kimball. 
Edwin R. Aldrich. Dudley K. Andros; lis- 
ters, Albtrrt B. Williams. Cyrus Siejirn5«, Jo- 
seph H. Peters; poj^t masters, Thomas J. 
Flanders — Jasper H. Oel'^hol, at B. Center : 
justices of the peace, John B. Peckett, Mills 
0. Barber, Calvin P. Clark, M. R. Chamber- 
lain, Hiram W. Kimball, Edmund P. Nor- 
cross, Hiram C. Driggs; literary institution. 
Bradford Academy — J. W. Palmer, principal.; 
dentists, J. N. Clark, O. H. Stevens; mer- 
chants, George Prichard, agent, W. B. 4 C. S. 
Stevens ; Bascom A Clark ; R. C. Hallett ; 
Adelbert Osbom ; jewellers. J. M. Warden ; 

C. Harding, Jacob Jeffords; H. H. Urmsby, 
grocer ; T. J. Flanders, fancy goods ; Hosea 
Farr, books and stationery ; Mrs, A. T. Shaw, 
Mrs. 0. H. Curtis, millinery goods ; William 
8. Nelson, A. T. Clark, ]>aints and oils ; D. T. 
Pillsbury, stoves, sheet iron and tin ware ; 
8hepherdson St Davis, hardware and agricul- 
tural implements ; C. C. Doty, liquor agent ; 
Leonard St Day, druggists ; Anson M, Ste- 
vens, express agent; Flanders St Harding, 
gen. agent! for Weed's sewing machines for 

the State; manufacturers, Martin St Andrevi 
Farr St Driggs, boots and shoes; Uorac« 
Strickland, foundry and machinist ; Ge<.rg9 
E. Brown, wagons and sleighs; Asa Lov. 
paper ; Prichard St Peckett, floor, grain, lum- 
ber, plaster and scythe stones ; Geo. PrK hard, 
agtnt; R. R. Aldrich, mackerel kits; A. P. 
Shaw, jr. George L. Butler, forniture ; W. U. 
Leavitt, sash and blinds; George Jenki&i, 
marble ; E* H^ Allen, daguerrotypes ; Hor- 
ace G. McDuffee. dealer in lumber and retl 
esUte ; D. W. Cobb, printer ; C. Hauh, II. B. 
Wilt, tailors ;Horace Farr, lumber, B. Center. 

pKorr.i^io5AL Mex. Attorneys, lloswfU 
Farnham, Dickey St Gambell, E. R. Mat- 
dm. Physicians, John Poole, Wm. H. Cat- 
ter, A. A. Doty, J. B. Ormsby, alio; J. H. 
Jones, homeo; J. L. Rodgers, B. Center, «U'. 
Clergy, J. Britton, univ ; F. A. Crane, cl»r.?; 
H. F. Forrest, 0. F. Wells, melh ; J. K. 
Williams, Silas McKeen, D. D., Cong. 



one of tho early physicians in this town, a Ger- 
man by birth and education, cUiuiod to hsre 
been a fiurc;is>u in the British army duriii]^ ti.a 
•• Old Frvncb war," and to have dressed il<» 
wounds of the brave Geufral Woife, who in 
1750, fe.l at the siege of Quebec He way aa 
expert fencer, and took pride in display i>i^' L;< 
skill in tlie use of the sword. It is said Lo 
could, with his sword, strike out a pin fn>m s 
man's shirt^ollar without injury to bis tl.n«at I 
Hia temper was hasty and v-olout, but in ixf 
paroxysms not lasting. At one time, when he 
was having an arch laid, hU wife came out to 
give her advioc; which led to a violent aliercu- 
tion between them. In his anger be caiv'Lt 
up a brick and threw it at her, exdalmiiiK as h 

went from his hand, •'. Dodge I Sally mj 

dear!'* Being slack in regard to paying bU 
debta, one of the traders at the village went to 
him with i;is store account, for collection; wbeo 
the Doctor bitterly said : "you traders, a htn 
we go to your storee, are all aingeU ; but ah'^ 
ye want your pay, ye ar© very deecUs,'^ t>f b-* 
professional skill there was quite a diversity of 
opinions, some thinking him a wonderful c\c- 
tof; others unwilling to employ him. Ile^^* 
severe in his condemnation of our native div- 
tors, as men without knowledge or skill io t) f i 
profcasion ; which, of course, set them b^I^^ 
him. He was sometimes unreasonably cxsii- 
Ing in hif cbarg«t| as weD as needlessly pertc- 



rrriiig in hU ri«iu ; bat, dow and tb«o In'hit 
deaiing with biB Tankee eroplojerfl. found thut 
he had "caught a Tartar.** Some ItwtaDcct. 
quite amusing, are still remembered: 

Tbf Doctor baring been oocv called In to fee 
a flick man, in the louth part of tlie town, came, 
of h'.d own accord, manjr t!me« more. The pa- 
til u\ having, after a considerable time, recover- 
«:d. tiio Doctor presented his bill for ** visits, 
xu^-Uiiioes and SuudrieMj* running up to an 
atiiuuut Cir bvjrond (he man*s expectation. He 
h iwcver. taking it coollj, Mft down and made 
out au accMUiit of rarioua things which he had 
K't ilic Doctor hare; but finding hirosi'If far io 
the ri Ar. lie mado up the deficiency with *' Sun- 
d't^^C' and thus brougiit out an amount equir- 
alcut to the charge against him. Tiie Doctor, 
on li>okinf; at this account, instead of fl^'iug in- 
to a p.ui«iou, as might hare been oypeclod, said : 
*' I> I > i»aM receipts ; Let 's pans receipts P and 
to the matter was easily adjui^ted. 

Oii another occasion the Doctor was oitllcd to 
*tt. rid to the case of a bor, in a very stiflering 
ctinlition ; a fly, some time before, having got 
h\o ODD of hid ears, and deposited there itn 
(f-ja. a hateful progeny giving the suflerer 
pi at di5tre5W, had been the result. The Doc- 
t r, having ascertained the cause of the trouble, 
\i\ a Finiple remedy, directly applied, readily 
i!Tic;od a cure. The boy was soon well again, 
to the preat j«»y of hims(.lf and the family. — 
Tl..' father, on inquiring wiiat would be the 
I>"^:'>r> charge for tlfis serrice, was told to his 
pri.«i astonishment, that it would be One Hun- 
d . d dollars ; which the old physician attempt 
eJ to justify, on the ground that the boy's life 
«-'« worth more than a hundred dollars, and 
t!i .1 lie would have died if he had not thus, by 
lii" medical tkill, saved him. " Remonstrance 
va* ef no araiL ITie (alher of the boy subse- 
qi Dily brought In his account. propoj»ing to 
the- LH>ctor to look orcr, and come to a settle- 
C5' :it This account was a very short one, for 
ttio bu'»h»ls of whe:it at fifty dollars a bushel, 
•^ 'unting to $100. The Docor on looking at 
«w pnivelr Kald: **! will dispute no man*8 ac- 
count. We wiU pass receipca.** 

I>r. Aubry first settled in that part of the 
town called Goslien, but subsequently on a (arm 
*^ of Wright's mounUin. He afterwards, 
»Wjt iho year 1813, removed with his children 
to Pennsylvania, and died there at an advanced 

The above is from the recollection of sever- 
^ jwitlcmen who personallj knew bim. 

CApr. Bostsr mnnron^ 
one of tba earlieet settlers of this town, 
universally etieemed an upright, kindheaft«4 
and truly worthy 'man. Uis farm was oa th* 
Coanecticut river, in the N. B. part of the towm 
There he long lived, and died April l, 1818, te 
his 80th year. The fium is now (18i»0) oou*- 
pied by his grandson, Ashur Emerson Iluuldaa, 
For most of tl»e facts constituting the following 
sketch, I have been iudebti'd to Mrsw James Ab- 
bott, of Newbury, a grand-daughter of th* 

Robert llunkins was bom in llavcrbill, Uasi., 
Jan. 13, XTMK While be was quite young hit 
father, John llunkins, moved with his family to 
Ilairpstead, X H., where both be and his wift^ 
not long after, died, leaving ft children, of 
whom Robert wna the oldest. He was taken 
to live witli Captain, aftfsrward^ General llaxea. 
When about 17 years of age, be went with 
Capt. Ilazen and his company into what is now 
cnlled " tlie old French and Indian M'ar ;** tlien 
fiercely raging between the French and Indiana 
on one side, and the Kn^lisb North Americanf 
and British government on the other. 

n.izen and his men were sent to strengthen 
the force at Fort William ITenry, on the north* 
em shore of Lake George. That f >rt, after • 
brave defence, was taken by the F:ench com- 
mander, Montcalm, in 1757. The Eiiglish, who 
survived the slaughter, were carried by the 
French and tlair savage allies Into Canada af 
pri^ners, and were there treated with great ••- 
verity, llunkins seeing two Indians d.*agging 
away his friend, Capt. Ifar^en, ran up, with a 
fellow-.vddier, behind them, and gave them fO 
violent a ptish as to break their hold on Hazen, 
who escaped : but the young men fell into the 
hands of the savages, and by them were car- 
ried off, in.«lead of their Captain, into the ene- 
my's country. But to what phioe in partkmlar 
or how long they were held as prisoners, is nol 
now definitely known. Tlie time, liowever, it 
believed to have been over 6 months. 

The Indian*, Mr. Hunkins said, took away 
moAt of his clothes ; and at night would tie 
his hands b<>hind him, and require him to lie 
down between some two of them, who wert 
charged with his safe keeping. One night ht 
succeeded in getting his hands loose, and was 
not long in untying the hands of his fellow 
prisoner. They softly crept away, ran down 
to the shore, got into t birch-bark canoe, and 
pushed off to some other point ; so as not to 
be tracked. On coming to land again, tbej 


« • 


a ' • 




I - ' 

J . 



¥ , 









. i 

broke » hole in the csooe and sunk it; then 
bid in iom« hollow logi which happeoed to 
be nemr. They were, however, pursued, and 
the ludiiiDt several times, the next dij.aune 
to the very logs in which they were hid ; but 
wi^out discovering thera. At night they 
started again, and got beyond the reach of 
their pursuers. Mr. Hunkins said, when he 
escajHfd he had no hat or shoes, in fact no 
garment but his bhirt, and tliat with one 
slee-ve missing. Wliai they could find in the 
woods had tobuffice for food, unlil tlicy reach- 
ed a Daich settlement, where a kind woman 
refreshed them with butU-r-milk; and gave 
him an old hat, without a brim. Pressing on, 
through difficulties and humiliations, ihcy 
finally reached in safety their friends at home, 
who had long been anxiously waiting for 

When Mr. Hunkins was 21 years of age, 
he went on to the farm which had been own- 
ed by his father, in ]Iam|jfltead, and married 
Phebe Emerson of that town, as the wife of 
his youth. He remained there a few years, 
when he came to Newbury, Vt, then almost 
a wild(-rnciw, and commenced labor on a riv- 
er- lot which subsequently became the fine 
farm of Col. Moody Chamberlin. He had 
beon tht-re but a short time when a man came 
after him, with the sorrowful tidings that his 
wife was dangcrout^ly sick, when he took the 
mes<<engcr*s horse, and with all s}»eed set out 
for houie. For most of the distance there 
was but a bridle path, and that so full of ob- 
structions tliat he loft his horse by the way, 
and ]>un*uod his journey on joot. When he 
readied home he found to his grief that his 
beloved wife was dead, and that the friends 
were jui*t then returning from the bunal. 

He returned to Newbury, and having dis- 
posed of the lot first taken up, purchased an- 
other, about a mile north of it, whore the 
road now turns off to go to West Newbury 
and Top>ham. In due season he married, 
for his second wife, Ljdia Chamberlin, of 
Litchfield, CU She had previously come from 
her native State, with some friends, to visit 
her relatives in Newbury. Their journey 
was in the winter, and most of it on the fro- 
cen river. She was glad to reach her uncle 
Chamberlin*t, but, in that early stage of the 
settlement, found every thing so different 
from what sh« had been used to, that she 
hardly knew how to stay even for a night. 
8ba loon, bowtver, began to like f nch m rni- 

tic manner of life much better than she ex. 
pectod, and was employed during the follow, 
ing summer in teaching a Khool, though fbs 
hifi never been to school but one half-day in 
her life. By her own efforts she had 
good progress in reading and writing, and 
was somewhat acquainted with arithmetic— 
'Great things in those days were not ox[»ccT(ri 
of teachers in the new settlements. Her en. 
cle Chamberlin kept a ferry between S.)uth 
Newbury and Haverhill, and as there whs qo 
looking-glass in the house, when the m^nooj. 
mistress and her lady couf ins dressed for me*.;- 
ing, on pleasaut summer mornings they wim 
accustomed to go down to the ferry, step in!) 
the flat- bottomed boat, and look over on t''.« 
water, to see that their toilets were projn-rly 
made. The smooth surface of the water fur* 
nii-hed asxdcndid mirror ; larger too. than ila 
rich, even now, can show in any of tlsr 

Wlien Mr. Hunkins and wife comrar-nc. 1 
house-keeping in Newbury, the frifn-lly In- 
dians, about there, were plenty ; and aim •<; 
everv niuht several of them would coiue anl 
sleep on the floor of their only room. • Mr. 
Hunkins had also a lot of land in Bra<lfor<l 
then called Moretown, on which he had or- ..:• 
ed a temporary habitation. The hou*e m-t <1 
on the bank of the Connecticut, On the vx- 
trcme margin of the bow now compri'ir.; 
Johnson's and Hunkin*s meadows; ani he 
lived there a part of the time. The river h.\s 
since so worn away the Vermont side. iIai 
the foundation of his chimney may nov. 
when the water is loy, be seen near the >\Ty 
Hampshire shore. 

Several men of Newbury and the vicinity. 
on account of their active exertions in 0.i9 
Revolutionary cause, had become fo ohn -x- 
ious to the Royalists, that bounties had h-a 
offered for their arre:Jt and delivery to any of 
the BritUh commanders ; and strenuou* ^.- 
forts were made to seiie them. Caj»t Her.- 
kins was one who had been thus honort-i — 
On this account, for months, he darcJ r^t 
sleep at nights in his own house ; but loij-l 
in any »«hed or other out-door place, whtTf l* 
supposed he could with safety — changinc*^:'* ^ 
from one place to another, to elude the vi.v 
lance of his enemies. Mrs. Hunkins Fsid tu-^t 
n^ny a time the toriee would come in th^ t^*" 
ning and look in at the window to see if t^^ 
husband were at home ; and tliat when ^r* 
waf going to bed with her children, she would 



> « 

< « 


k: the ixe new ber ; rMolved thftt if thej 
HI. Jilt'J with ber, sbe would use it upon tbem 
to the extent of ber power. The situation of 
(he family in Moretown at lengtb became to 
trving. thAt tbey thought it best to return to 
ih.'ir place in Newbury for a while, where 
tLt^re were more inhabitants in whom they 
couM place confidence. 

Bat even there they were not long at ease. 
For ^*'me lime, either before or after thi\ Cap- 
i.iia llunkins was away in the Revolutionary 
a::i.v ; and his wife and daughters had to 
w^rk on the farm, as well as in the bouse, and 
lakv oare of themselves aA beat they could. 

In the autumn of 1780, when the Capt 
x(2< nt home again, a scouting party came in, 
fuvin^ iliat the Indians and Tories were com- 
ing in nrong force, to destroy the place ; and 
vr.'u!! bo there before morning. There was, 
of couT'C, great alarm, and immediate efforts 
wtrr luade to get the women and children 
a r.<.< the river to HaverhilL A fogjy^ and 
d.t.k -veniDg was u)>on them. The men were 
r«-<.Ivid to stay and defend the place. Their 
( n!y tneans at hand for ticking their families 
a^rov* the river were dug-out canoes, and but 
f. w of ihera. Capt. llunkins hastily con- 
ftriM'*! a raft of boards, and while talcing 
ov. r lii-* fir^it load of passengers, his wife with 
a-, iiifant fon in her arms, was left with oth- 
tr-, waiting anxiously for his return. At the 
H '.::i j'iui^age she, with so many others 
c '.M..' (»n the r.^ft that it was over-loaded ; 
a:. 1 l^-fore they could got over, was found in 
t:.- u!inr..-st danger of sinking. The Captain 
ak. 1 tlie man as-isting him if he cotfld, alone, 
1 r; i^ the raft to shore if it were lightened. — 
H^ :\.>ughi he could. " Then Sister Eaton." 
m: 1 he, "you and I mu5t take our chancy in 
tl. • river!" She knew that he was a strong 
'A::i:n.r, and trusted in him for help. The 
i I- \r:4«* urgent; no time for deliberation. — 
H i'luTi^c-d into the water — she like a brave 
» '::nn, as *he was, quickly followed him. — 
T .r ft^t could touch no bottom. He, act- 
- ; Tx:iih groat solf-po.^session and energy, 

^ ^d not only in keeping her head above 

t:*r, bat in bringing her to the desired 
f • th; where the whole party, to their unut- 
t' :a: le joy, soon found themselves in safety. 
T:.e women and children were so numerous as 
t ' i)»rong the houses of their Haverhill 
••>'>1*. Bed-s com]*arcd witli the number 
* f vi-itors. were few ; but as the farmers had 

-'^'^'-i^i their corn into their bousot, to be 

husk^ by their firesides, fine acvomodatioM 
were found among the husks on the flooit.— 
Mrs. Hun kins said she got a large pumpkia 
and sat on it, with ber baby, for m while; 
when one of the older children cried, and. 
while attending to' that, some one of th« 
sleepers a*xridenta1ly kicked her seat into th* 
fire ; so that she was obligi-d, during the reti 
of the night, either to stand, or to take ber 
lot among the rest, in the hnska. 

The enemy were really coming, as bad beeft 
expected ; but learning that the men of New- 
bury had been fore- warned, and were ready 
for them, went off in some other direction, to 
plunder, burn, seize captives, and commit oth- 
er acts of violence upon the )>atriot4C }»eople» 
wherever they could. It was just about tliafc 
time, that Royal ton was devastated by the 
Indians and tories, and numbers of the peo- 
ple murdered, or carried into captivity. 

The day after the fright at Newbury, the 
women and children were brought again to 
their homes, rejoicing in the ha]»py deliver- 
ance which they and their brave protecton 
had experienced. Capt llunkins and wife 
returned to their farm in Bradford, and there 
long lived, to enjoy peace and competency, as 
the fruits of Uieir early perils, hardshi|>s and 
sufferings ; and wh«n sati.sfiAd with length of 
days, quietly passed away; cheered by the 
hopes and cont^olations of the go<«pel : leaving 
a very re."»pectable i>osterity, who have ever 
cherished their memories with sincere res]>eci 
and filial atfuction. Mrs. Hunk ins, who wee 
universally esteemed a pious, strong-minded, 
excellent woman, died Jan. 20, 1831, at the 
age of 85 years. She was the ** Mother in 
Inraol,*' who related to her then youthful pat- 
tor, the writer of this article, tlie interesting 
and true story subsequently published by the 
American Tract Society, under tlie title'* The 
Worth of a Dollar.*' The Dea. M. therein 
referred to, was Dea. Murray, of, I think, Or- 
well, Vermont. 


Col. John Barron, a native of Qralton, 
Ma/*s., emigrated to Lyme, N. H., in the early 
settlement of that town. Hia first wife waa 
Abigail Derby of Orford, who died at Lyme, 
leaving an infant daughter. He married for 
his second wife Mehitable Rogers, of Havers 
hill, a sister of the wife of Gen. Absalom 
Peters, by whom be bad a ton and daughter 
who died in infancy, and five daughters who 
lived to have families of their own. Hnvinf 


\ i 

. • . 





I- , 

r. . 






purchased, at a very cbeap rate, a valuable 
tract of land, io tbif town, be came and set- 
tled on the same, but at what time I have not 
ascertained. His ]*urcha&e waa in the S. E. 
corner of the town^bip, embracing the beau- 
tiful meadow in tlie bow of the Connecticut 
River, at tliat place; also the adjacent island, 
and land we/^t, extending far back among the 
hills, lie was living on the moa^low at the 
time our National Inde]»endunce was declared. 

He subsequently came up to the main road, 
if road it could tlien be called, and lived in a 
log boufe on the east side of the same, near 
the high bank of the river, on what is now 
called the Waterman place. Prospering in 
bu&iness, in the course of a few years he built 
m house to be occnjtied as a tavern, on the 
opposite or west side of the road, where he 
lived and prosecuted the business of an inn- 
keeper for a long while. The house was two 
•tories in front, one Ftory back, and painted 
yellow. It has since been removed, and still 
stands (1S09) in the near neighborhood, a 
little south of its old location, on the other 
side of the highway. 

For some years, the Barron family, in com- 
mon with thfir few neighbors, were much 
annoyed by fear of the Indians and Torii'S. 
At times they had to hide, as well as they 
could, not only their valuables but themw'lves. 
Mrs. Barron, for safely, used to conceal her 
pewter dishes in some sly place in the sand- 
bank of the river, close by. Col. John, as he 
was afterwards called, was then captain of a 
scout, under command of Gon. Bailey of New- 
bury. An alarm on a cert;un occasion being 
given that the Indians and Tories were com- 
ing, he rallied his men, only six in number, 
and went forth, with others from the vicinity, 
as far as Wildersburgh, now Barre, to meet 
the enemy ; and lay there, in ambuscade, 
waiting for them, for three days ; but they 
did not come. It was said Jacob Fowler, a 
hunter, gave them warning, so that, instead 
of pursuing their object, to bum Newbury, 
they turned farther north, and burned Lan- 
caster, in New Hampshire. 

On this or a similar occasion, a Mr. Young, 
of Piermont, came and informed Mrs. Barron 
that the Indians were lurking around, and 
ibe had better bo on her guard. She^ advised 
him to go directly home, get hit gun, and 
join the scout This he seemed quite reluc- 
tant to do ; w*hen the heroic woman said, with 
decision, '* Well, Mr. Young, bring your gon 

to me, and stay and take care of my children, 
and I will join the scout** 

Mrs. Whitelaw, a daughter of Col. Barron, 
in addition to the above, related to me tht 
following anecdotes. She said the first sch>^l 
she ever attended was in her father*s barn, 
and taughx by Mary Rogers, who subsequent- 
ly married Gen. Absalom Peters ; and that, 
during school hours, one day, an uoralv 
heifer broke into the barn floor amoDg the 
scholars! when their mistress, with gr«tt 
energy, seized the little ones and threw them 
over into the bay, so that no great harm wii 

Her father, Mrs. Whitelaw said, had the 
first chaise ever owned in this place; an<l, 
when she was 17 years of age, which waji in 
1798, she used to ride in it to a little srluol 
which she was teaching in a corner of a lioa^ 
which Bea. Hardy, subsequently, long occu- 
pied, at the north end of Bradford village. 
Tliat house, with a large addition to it, is ttiU 
standing. She further said that she wa^ \ht 
first female who ever rode in a chaise fr^m 
New bur)' street to Ryeg.ite; that she was 
then in comj>any with Mr., afterward Ju'^gfl 
N<»!)le of Tinmouth ; and that their carrisze 
attruf^ted as much attention af would s2 
e1e)*hant pa.<sing along. 

Mrs. Whiielitw informed me that her father 
influt-nced the Vermont legislature to pass an 
act. that the "squatters.** as first sctilor? on 
the Hazen land, a tract extending through 
the west part of this town, were called, sln»u!i 
be quieted in their possession by paying i^^ 
the proprietor 2s. on each acre that il.«7 
claimed. But the proprietor, disliking \\t 
low price, refused to receive any thing fhor, 
of hard money in payment; which he kr.»'"S' 
the poor people had not, and ?upi>o.«ei tl-y 
could not obtain. They applied, in tl-r 
trouble, to Col. Barron, offering him one 1 •*.' 
of their land, if he would save for tlitm "^ 
remainder. Certain men, who were expvot- i 
to share with Barron in this speculation. :3 
almost the last extremity failed him ; d*- js- 
ing. a« he suspe^-ted, to ^et the entire jr -^ 
to themselves. This roused him to ma):'' » 
strenuous effort. He went to Col. Frerinji 
of Hanover, N. H., and obtained from f- - 
letters of recommendation to men of moan* -^ 
Portsmouth ; and, by riding day and ni. ' 
he succeeded in getting back, with hi* p]'^ - 
in season to accomjdish his object She >s ' 
she remembered well that her father s sa ^--^ 

. t 



l,~, s "xvTQ to be*vy with hmn) moDey thmt, 
tl. '-g't * grown girl. th« conld not lift them 
i:r\a ilie floor ; eJid that her father gave Col. 
J r^ man a lot of land for hi* kindneM in the 
'•^i.r This lot is understood to be the one 
(D wliib Dta. Colby afterwards long lived. 

AiiOih'T incident worthy of remcmbmnce 
ji. il.Mt. while Col. Barron was. on a ceruin 
ovj'U'n, returning in coni}*any with other 
^, 1 h\ r^ a«.ro>«* this Stale, during the Kevolu- 
liOUAzy war, one of tlje inen. y^*\. Dutton 
of Ci.elm^ford, MiiJis., frll dangerously sick. 
Tm T«- w.ii« no j»ro>ju-cl that he would ever be 
ail" to i^n any farihor. Barrun, moved with 
co::i]'»^'ii»n. remained with him, acting tlio 
fan '»f a tiithful friend, while the re>t of their 
c ::ji .uiv wont on. Wlien ihe invalid had m> 
fnr r* nvered that ho could, with i»Afety, bo 
1 :': in l'»e family of a wcll-disj»o>e 1 farmer. 
!...' fncnd came away. The genllemai| re- 
i. V' :*'\ ; and through life felt and exi»re>*.f<l 
ll- <\' 'I'ii-i pen^'ation* of gratitude and friend - 
j;lij li'Wards the benefactor who had Wen go 
k.L'l to him, in a time of j»eculiar di.'^tre?*'. 
Hr r- m^'raUred even the place, which wa^ 
ra\.n li»h, with fo deep an intercut that he 
juri.i'l. iht-re, a farm, and made it his res- 
] 1 1 ♦• Juring the remnant of his days. 

V.'}.' n this town wa^ firft »*ettled there wa.n 

al.'avy };rowth of j»ine trees in the ea*!tcrn 

Tar! of It, and, e*^]'ecially, on what is now 

Kjl\\ iho Low»T Main. Many of them grew 

(L j!il ir.icl of land owned by Col. Barron ; 

ill I have been informed by some of the 

i:..i j.« that, after the close of tlie Revo- 

1 i*. : ;iry war, he and Gen. Morey tntere<l 

"-' > a contract with three Frenchmen, to 

''•'.:vir to them in the Connecticut Biver, 

<il'*iie to BarrouV house, KK) uia^ts. with, 

' «i ' iht. a due j'roportion of smaller timber 

J^-r y trU and booms, for the royal navy of 

» • j-ce ; to be floated down the river to Mid- 

'-'Vvin, where they were to be put on board 

'f friiiw, and tran^forte'l to that country. 

I I'j. tM-* were then plenty, and money scarce. 

•"* r:< (tf timber, CO feet long, were estimated, 

J-y i!. ir average diameter, at the rate of 25 

r^t.*^ an inch. According to this rule a mast 

^- ft long and 30 inches in diameter would 

, f n" to but ?7 and a half. One giant ma.«-t, 

H' f-t long and ^0 inches in diameter, was 

^-* '1-livered. Tliis huge pine trunk, at the 

! J^^^^ '^K vould be estimated at not quite 

'- - nrely the price of lumber has greatly 

«W^j since that day. 

The«e great tninka of trees were broogbl^ 
by numerous men and strong teams, to th« 
high hank of the river, near Barron*! reei- 
dence ; and, on set occasions, of which do* 
notice was giTen, there would be a* great 
gathering, not only of men, but of women aii4 
children, to witness the log-rolling. To eea 
UieAe heavy logs roll rajudly down the steep 
declivity and da^h into the river, throwing it 
into a violent agitation, was not a little ex- 
citing. But, as times of high glee are apt to 
end in some disaster, so was it, in this cast, 
with one of the lively French contractora, 
who. on returning home, is said to have beea 
hanged on the yaid-arm of his vesMd, for 
fome atti mjl to defraud the government, of 
which he had been found guilty. 

Col. John Burron took a very active part 
in procuring a charter of the town of Brad- 
fo'-d. and, for 4 years, represented it in tha 
Slate legislature. He was also a delegate, 
with K.^q. Cliamberlin. to the convention, held 
at Bennington, in December, 1700, to delibe- 
rate on the adoption of the pro]«osed consti- 
tution of the United Sutes. lie took a lively 
interest in i»romoliug the pro>{>erity of thia 
town, and was generally regarded as a maa 
of euer^y and influence. The council, gath- 
ered from churches, near and remote, for tht 
ordination of the Uev. Gardner Kellogg, was 
convened and accommodated, Se]>t 1st and 
2d, 1705, at his bouse. 

Col. Barron die«l at Bradford, March 14, 
1813, in the ClHh year of his age. It was at 
a lime when the "t-jjolti-d fever" was fearfully 
prt:vailing ; and, on the occa-^ion of his fune- 
ral, three other corf^ses were carried into tht 
meeting-house with bis ; one was Oiat of Capt. 
John Andross, who was a hon-inlaw of Bar- 
ron ; another the cor]«e of Mrs. Ford, a sistei 
of Ca]*t. Andross ; the third a child of a Mr. 
Hoyt The sermon, on this |»eculiarly sad 
occasion, was preached by the Rev. David 
Sutherland of Bath, N. U. 

With regard to the family of C^l. Barron, 
I would further say, that his wife, Mehitable 
Rogers, died. Oct. 30. 1803. ag<-d 49 yeare; 
and his daughters married re^|»ectable men, 
as follows : Abigail married Eliaa Cheeney. 
She died, March 0, 1813, and he, the next day, 
and both were buried, at the same time, ia 
one grave. Rebecca married Ca)>t John Ao« 
drosA, and, after his decease, Amoe Fisk; 
Mehitable married Robert Whitelaw, Esq., of 
Ryegate ; Mary, Timothy Farrar of Lebanon, , 





• ■•* 



( ■ ■ 



] ; 




f , ' 



r f 


■ 1 

» ■ 



N. H.; lUlief. WilJiim Nile*. Esq.. of \Wt 
Fairlee ; and Hannab, Dr. Jacob Goodwio of 
Colebrook, N. H. 


waa born ia Tyngnborough, Maas. March 26, 
1763. He wa» a nephew of Col. John Bar- 
ron, who waA an early and dihiingaished in- 
habitant of this town : and was probably 
induced to como tliis way, on his uncle's ac- 
count. His wife's maiden name was Eliza- 
beth Pearson, a discreet, good, and very 
eFtimahlc woman. They came here with a 
view to a permanent settlement, Feb. 2, ITJ^S. 
He had, for 2 years before, been engaged in 
lumbering on the Connecticut river, a bus* 
ines.<t which he followed for some time after. 
Pine treea, all along on the banks of this 
river, in the Coos county and northward, were 
then large and abundant ; and it was with 
the early settlers a great business to get their 
trunks into the river, to be floated down, and 
sold for ship timber, or to be converted into 
boards and shingles for building houses. The 
business of building flat-bottomed boats, for 
the conveyance of prepared lumber to market, 
and to bring up salt, rum, mola^fes, iron, and 
other heavy articles of merchandize in r»'lurn, 
was early undertaken and continued for many 
years. To descend the river was compara- 
tively easy ; but to return, forcing the boat 
along again.'>t the current with oan* and j-ike- 
poles. was hard work. To go, in this way, 
fr<»ni Hradford to Hartford, Cl a distance, bv 
the river, of some 20(> miles, was a labor ol 
pome 4 or 5 wc-ks. But Col. Mike," as 1i«- 
was aftvrwards familiarlv called, was a ma!i 
of ton much spirit and ambition to wear out 
his l]fe in such dull and lal»oriousnavigntion. 
Writing the ahove paragraph vividly re- 
call- to mind an anecdote once related to ine 
by Mr. Moody Clark, which I think deserv- 
ing of a place in this connection. He said 
as he and a Mr Kennedy were once goin;; 
down llie river on a l>oat or raft. I forcci 
whiih. they fell into a discussion of the difli- 
cult subject of predtsiinalion and free agency. 
Tbe latler maintained that, since the Almighty 
has predetermined all things, no effort of 
man to sin-ure any pood, either in this life or 
that to come, can be of any real advantage ; 
that those who are to be saved, will W, and 
tho*e who are to be lost, will be lost, let 
them do what they may. Admitting the fact 
of ]trodestination, Clark was not willing to 
• allow of the necessity, or justice, of the 

above conclusion ; but insisted that in the i 
vine plan, means and ends were as cl«^/. 
united as if all depended on man's free :x:. 
and efforts. While thus arguing, as th-.j 
sands have done before and since, tbcv vi* 
driven to a very logical and just conclu*^: 2 
as follows : 

K. "Well, we are coming near the fall* 
Gark pays no attention. 

K. ''I say we are coming near the Ll\* 
and roust pull hard to get into the cnnal ' 

Clark, still apparently indifferent, r«-' *.. ^ 
'• If we are to be saved we shall be, an J i: , 
of no use to make any effort." 

K. • "Why do you talk so, like a f . ! 
Take up your oars, instantly, and pull; 
or we shall go over the falls as sure as f.»:. 

They both exerted them^elves. broi.j: 
their craft into the canal, and were Kt s.^;.. 
through the locks, into the smooth wa!, r- J 
low. "That." said Oark," is the way. \r 
were predestinated to be saved ; but y 1: - 
wc had to work hard toiBccore it, aft* r .I'.i 

We return from this digrcs.«ion. .^!: *" 
Barron, leaving the river, entered into r : 
cantile businc-ss; and from a humble !•. : 
ning, carried it to a commanding o.. :■ 

His first store was in Bradford viKu- i 
little north of the corner where v«»u i- :. : 
the right, to go up "Goshen road ; " ol * 
eastern border of what is now Mr. 1 ■'■ 
garden. The side of the building n«x* 1 t 
street two stories high ; the west !-l 1 v 
but one. Tbe basement and rotjm dir.' ".. *■ 
bove were for the store ; and the r»-i:;a':. . 
the buibJing for the ac.onimodation of l!.- . .: 
ily. He afterwards built the lar^'e ar \ 
modious house, a little further nc^rth : v, 
has long betn the resid« uoe of Asa T."'^ • 
familv ; and so extended his bus ine-- li -»■ . 
one time he bad not only a store in t: * 
lage, but one on the line between Rrti' 
and Newbury, near the present site of <i • 
meeting-house: one in East Top-ban 
one in I'ast Corinth. The result ►.cn.^ :. 
have been very favorable, and, in thf 
of life, his circumstances were ralbor J " ■ 

Our friend was of a military turn an *. - - 
from the rank of a subaltern to that of •" 
nel of a regiment ; and then to that of : ' • 
adier General. At general musters he ^'^- '■ 
his glory ; in his rich uniform, mounts i 
his splendid horse, and full of animaii ' 
presented a truly commanding a]f*'a: '^ 



He never had occatioa. bowerer, to engage 
iu aciual warfare. 

For 23 yfett't Col. Barron, executed the 
ci*.e of a Sheriff, in Orange County; the 
h«t 4. vein of which he was High Sheriff. 
At that time, especially io the earlier part of 
Ut otTicial career, there was much to be done 
It that officer, not merely in the collection 
if dfM*. but in criminal proftocutionn, and 
il.e juni.«liraf nt of offendcrf. Then disturb- 
(r« of the peace were liable to be set in the 
f.. :k5, a sort of frame to confine the feet be- 
iwea two pieces of timber; and thieve*. 
cc'^riterftiters, and fcuch-like characters, to 
b- tiv i up to a whipping-post, and receive a 
ctriaia number of l.vhes, laid on the bare 
>!' uMirf, with a cat'o nine tails; an iuptru- 
L.tiit of punishment, Jays Webfter, "conM^t- 
:r.: of nine pieces of line or cord, fiiAtcned to 
a ]','«f of thick roj»e, and having each three 
ki.'U* at intervals; uwd to 6og offender* on 
! unl of phips." In pome ln?Uinc«i criminals 

w. :.- branded with some ignominious mark 
( n tl.e chock, as with an R for rogue, or L 
f r liar ; or had the rim of an ear cut awav. 


} V. :\ in this town, were a fct of stocks, and a 
w* :; jmsz-post Thoy stood on the eapt side 
* : Main Street, near where you turn to go 
i "va to the ppper-mill. Thc5C puniidimentK 
w- T' more generally inflicted at Chelsea, near 
t> iail, but even hero, Sheriff Barron occa- 
*. :. tlly exercis^-d his author. ty, by laying the 
1 ^-].v< f'U the ba^k of some luckless culprit tied 

• :h»' wKifij»ing-post The names of two or 
' :c of ihfve transgressors have been given 

• lut why should tliey be perjw^tuated 
^ :» 'l.?honor; it is a matter of rejoicing 

• i' «'.nh barbarous corporal punishment 
-'•- n'>< r in Uf»e among ua. 

A^ "Col. Mike" had become famous for 
-': !;n!; df<perate offenders and bringing 

• :n to justice, he wa?, about the year 18<X), 
• - *-i to undertake the hazardous enter- 

' : • • of going into Canada to amst the 

■ - • ::onn counterfeiter, St'ephen Burroughs. 

, T .< man, a Pon of Rev. Edi-n Burroughs, 

^ ^ T. l».of Hanover, X. H., pop.-eJ'Fed good tal- 

Tid t^lucation; wa.5 kind, courteous and 

'!nanly in a]>pcarance and manners; 

^ ' ■' wa« destitute of moral principle; and a 

■ t fhrewd and accomplished villain — not 

•^ i:.-: way of deeds of violence and blood. 

' •• in diverting tricks of deception ; in cheat- 

; y: and especially in the business of man- 

'• »:Tinngand issuing counterfeit currency ; 


both in the shape of coin and bank bilU. Ht 
had established himself at Shiptoa in Lowtr 
Canada, and was deluging New Englattd 
with his finely executed bank notea, great- 
ly to the annoyance and damage of tlie com- 
munity, and especially of the Banks. la 
consequence of this, the ofEceni of several of 
these establii*h men's entered into an agree- 
ment to bear the czf»ense of a strenuouf 
effort to have the great counterfeiter arret- 
ted ; and a stop put to his bu«ineu. Tx>ok- 
ing about for a man of the right stamp to 
accompli^th fuch an undertaking, they could 
•iee no one so likely to answer their purpoM 
at Sheriff Barron. Tliey accordingly en- 
gaged him to mak« the attem])t. The thing 
was not to be done in a day. lie engaged 
two f^hrewd men, in whom he had confidenca, 
to go to Burrou^ln with j»retence of favor 
towards him and bis bu»ine«is. and a desire 
to purchase, and deal in his counterfeit cur- 
rency. As ihey proved to be constant and 
profitable cu-^toniers, they were gra«lually ad- 
mitted into all the secrets of the est.iblish- 
inent; knew every body; how every thing 
was trail .-acted; wh**re Burrouf;hs fb-j.t ; at 
what time in the morning his guard of 15 
men were released from their night watching; 
where they jdaced their guns, and retiretl for 

In the mean time Barron, furnished with 
all necessary' testimonial!*, had been holding 
interviews with the Oovernor-General, of the 
Canadas, and obtained from him a warrant 
for the arrejit of the criminal; a comini«-sion 
extraordinary, commanding Hi« Mi>je-ity'i 
subject*, e^pecially all officers of the govern- 
ment, both civil and military, to give liim 
support, protection and a«.^ibtancc, to any ex- 
tent he might recjuire, in order to arre«t and 
bring to trial the sa.d Burroughs. With- 
out having excited any alarm, Barron was, 
one night, with 22 well armed men, in the 
town of Shi]*ton. lie had received full 
information of every thini; from his spies. 
They w *rc probably, at that time with him. 
In the darkness of night, he drew hi« com- 
I»any near to the house of Burroughs, and 
lay concealed, till, in the dawn of the mor- 
ning, his guard of 15 men went in; net up- 
tlieir guns, as their custom was, in the ball; 
and retired into the attic for sleep. Then 
Barron, with his company, softly entere<l. and 
having secured the guns the guard had just 
t>efore set down, he directly entered the sleep-< 


«. a 

* ^ ■ 


! . 

♦ t 



• > 

♦• ^ 





■ '. 



t . 


." J 



* • I 

« ■ 

iDg Apartment of Burroughs; and seized 
him in4iii bed; Barroughft toatcbed a pis- 
tol from under bit pillow to shoot him ; and 
culled loudly for. bis guard; but tbe'pintol 
was instantly struck from his hand ; and th« 
guard, hearing many voices and much con- 
fusion below, leaped, terror-stricken, from 
their attic windows, and fled away. Bur- 
roughs was overpowered, and firmly bound 
with cords. When, in the clearer light of the 
moruing, he saw in whoiie bands he was, for 
be had before known sheriff Barron, he com- 
plimented his courage ; and. promising sub- 
mission, entreated him to unbind his arms ; 
as the cords had become very painful. "Col. 
Mike,'* he says, you are a gentleman, and so 
am I ; unbind my hands, and I give you my 
word of honor that I will be entirely sub- 
ject to your orders.** Barron trusted him ; 
but came near losing bis life by so doing ; 
for, shortly after, when standing at a little 
distance from his prisoner and looking an- 
other way. Burroughs was seen Kt<;alihily 
pointing a pistol at him. when a sharp click 
was heard, but no re|»ort followed. It had 
mi^fcd fire. Barron, Ixang told of his at- 
tempt, took the pit^tol from him, demanding 
what he meant by snch conduct. The vil- 
lian rejdied, " I mt-aut to Flioot you.*' The 
Sheriff, pointing the saiue ]'\>xq\ at a green 
birch tree, fired it, when, a bullet was di«»- 
char^ed with t^uch force as to sink deeply 
into the solid wood. The pri^^oner then be- 
ing thoroughly searched, was subjected to 
the closest vigilance ; a.«sured that if he made 
any further attempt of that sort, he would 
be imitantly shot down. He remained quiet, 
was taken to Montreal, and delivered to the 
authority of the Governor for trial. Bar- 
ron, both in Montreal and at home, was re- 
garded as a hero, who had accomplifhed. 
successfolly, a very hazardous undertaking. 
Burroughs, however, as is generally the ca^e 
with accom]>li5hed villains, h&d many friends, 
and through their management, after a con- 
finement of some duration, escaped through 
the meshes of the law with impunity, and 
returned to his old busine^ of counterfeiting 
I have been told that Barron was sent a 
second time to arrest him ; when, coming sud- 
denly ufion him. Burroughs at once thrust his 
hand into his bosom to seiza a deadly weap- 
on ; when Barron cried out, ada]4ing his ac- 
tion to his word. "If vou stir, vou are a dead 
maol" Burroughs, looking up into his de- 

termined countenance, replied, '*Col. Mike, I 
would as lief see the devil aa»e« you**— to4 
without resistance submitted. He was ag^tia 
imprisoned, but contrived to escape. lUn 
our history of Burroughs, strictly speaking, 
ends, but it may be interesting to know xh%i 
in his old age, he became a convert in tU 
Catholic Church, and is said to have Ixtn 
in the habit of giving much good advic« to 
young men, telling them not to do as be la4 
done; for he had found the way of the 
transgressor to be bard.* 

Gen. Barron was, in person, rather a Uret 
man ; erect and strongly built ; his countr- 
nance open aud expressive at once of boldntrM 
and good nature. On one cheek wa« a Moea- 
lar spot, large as the point of the end of oQe'i 
finger, and bright as a ripe English chcTrj. 
He wore his hair combed directly back froia 
hit forehead, and did not ne^ a sbaji;? 
beard to give evidence, in any company, tiia: 
he was a man. He }»ossesed a goo<l ^hsrt of 
general intelligence, aud was, in conver>aiiua, 
social and interesting. After the ch><c of ac- 
tive business, he lived for some time in Hi4- 
ton, but spent hisla^t days in Bradford. \vli«^re 
he ditd Nov. 2t>. 1S39 ; aged 76 year« ani p 
montliS, Mrs. Barron died at Brailford. la 
March 10, 1832; a^ed 72 years. :?he wm 
a member of the Congrt- gaiional Church, a'A 
wa^ universally esteemed an excellen: MO'.;.aa. 

Gen. Barron and wife had but two cliiMr*-:*. 
Their daughter, Elizabeth, married Dav:4 

•There wm • lifr, or the confm»lon? of St^iVo 
Barn>ngh» — » Mnull book, pnMI«hed ellhrr brf.-*-. 'f 
not long nfler h\9 de«lh. We ki^ow tf^eral »bn hiw 
nern the lMH>k— «nd hmxe oufM-lf an lndi»tiurt rrcn'.lt^ 
tlfn of It, we think, tut latterly hare uol l^^n •• > w 
obtain a copy. We harr however l>t^n t.»l* hy • 1« .y 
of ninch excrllrnt hiiitoriral and biofrr«j»hlr«I inf<>rtv 
tlun, who liTea nut Ur from Montreal, thm Un lu^t.^ 
jeart an old whit^lieaded man n»ed to rome 4-«t 
vxvrj day to the dock* of that clly, and Cf^nrrr^ U 
abont an hoar with the youuf men and l-'vn tli«t r :- 
grFgated at tho»e place*, fur whom hf ** to h«t* 
liad a peculiar niiMion— >at one tiwe the o|il ni«n inr'-t 
lie *rtn wated n|K>n a pile of Imarda, hi>» routb-v »»i'.'^'''* 
clu»t*Ted around — at anothrr, ^undiitg uj^n tl»e ns*- 
Wr» Mow«kI nvT the «har\e». prrarbing m b«« a'*'^ 
tire crowd. He had rtill ao much "f thai per-»>«* •^• 
by nature aud talent, now nuwla »o attr»ctiT^ '.* ^■* 
urdonbted penitrnce that he wae a gn-at fa^.-rit** » »* 
tht<«e wen and buya and waa regarded to h«T« '*'•' 
nnch good. 

We have alM a rery Interetting paper of a cotori o« 
counterfeiter, who waa driven out th>m Bradford » 
locatt^ next in Middletowa, whoi^ hiatorj w»ll mft^ 
with tha hUtorj of Middletowa la toI. iU. — <** 

;* ' 



*!n«'ll. a respectable man, then ia mercaD- 
\.W bu-infi«* with bcr fatber. Sha died earlj 
in lif**, leaving no child. The wn. CoL WU- 
\:^n^ Uarron, a gentlemen well known in thii 
I '.vn and vicinity, now re«ide« in Hartford, 
O. Uc->ed with a competency of the good 
ihin^^ of thii life. Hit prwent wife, a bigb- 
Iv estimable lady, was the widow of Capt 
^A'llliara Trotter, of whom I may »peak in 
%T.'nU-T article. The surviving children of 
(o\. Btrron, one M)n and three daughters, are 
jl. .vmtly fituated in homes of their own, in 
^iiucrent parts of the country. 


»v liorn in Braughton, Lancashire, Eng< 
Lnd, June 29, 17G9; but his subsequent home, 
Juri:;^ bis residence in his native land, was 
in \V.»rkington, Cumberland county. From 
ihis pfTi in the vicinity of coal mines, great 
(quantities of coal have, for a long time. 
tt-tn Yearly shipped to Ireland and tha Isle 
of Man. At the age of 9 years he was bound 
to t i-hip raa«ter. engaged in this trade, to be 
iii.^!.t tlie buMnej« of a mariner. His firnt 
*.-:.i In rnf'nt was that of a cabin boy. Find- 
inc iii' master, a^ he thought, unreasonably 
*»;»:• , and the bupinei*3 disagreeable, he made 
^'xil.iint to his step- father, Matheson, and 
i^-::v\ liiin, if j»o<»«ibie to procure his release, 
v.i .-,!•!. iin for him a situation under some 
-tL'T caj'tain, who would treat him better; 
:u: n.ts (•ilt^Dci.'d by tlie following laconic 
ksl 5i:;i;ulAr rej»ly : 

" T>.\\, it i? better for thee to remain in the 
J -VT of a d»>vil whoHC ways thou knowest, 
::^n to fall into the bands of another whose 
« i-y '\ivM do.-t not know." 

In tiiiA business he continued for about 10 

y^ar* : when, at the age of 19, he emigrated 

to !';:« country seeking employment. He 


' . . 1 1 "^ 

ur.l favor with Clark and ICightingale, 

ff I'rcvj'bnce R.I.who were engaged in for- 

•^js commerce. From the rank of a boat- 

•^.t:n hf- rose, in a few year?, to that of Cap- 

'*:'i. aal by lii» ability, activity, and faith- 

• -n - 13 ib^irsf^rvice, gained the high esteem 

*'.i fill confidence of his employers. He 

•» i^-- «orae distant voyages, in one of which 

•^ \'.-i\i-'\ the Sandwich Islands, long- be- 

f ^" ::.e light and manifold blessiigs of Chris- 

t :t:.:tr u>re im]*arted to them, and many 

'*-'• lU anecdotes which he could tell re- 

•.'• '"Jg the manners and customs of the f»eo- 

I " l5r hiii kind treatment of them, and 

tl* Ti^li-ci which be paid to their King. 

Tomabamaha the first, he becant m DaTorito 
with the people. A spear, mada of very hard, 
heavy wood, curiously wrought, presented to 
him by thai proud.savage, monarch, may, 
probably, still be seen at the house of Col. 
Barron, at Hartford, Ct His principal boa- 
iness, however, was to carry articlea of com- 
merce from this country to Earope. to ex- 
change for other articles better adapted to 
the South American markets, and sell them 
there at high pricM ; taking pay, not merely 
in hides and other commodities of lawful 
traffic ; but, as far as possible, in gold and 
fjlver; which at that time*the Spanish col- 
onists wore not allowed to disj'ose of to the 
citiiens of any foreign country but their own. 
It is said the first. United States flag, ever 
seen in the harbor of Buenos Ay res, was rait- 
ed by Capt Trotter. 

Tlie trade in which he was there engaged 
was hazardous ; and could be conducted only 
with great caution. On this account his em- 
ployers allowed him a liberal percentage oa 
all the profits accruing from his management 
of their business. While trading with the 
South Americans, he formed intimate friend- 
ships with fome of the officials and mercbanta, 
wlio for thc-ir own interest were ready to 
aid him in the prosecution of his purposes. 
.Vt times th<>y would invite him, with hit 
wife, and soiue of his officers, to private en- 
tertainments at their hounes; and then he 
would invite them to dine on board his ship. 
These seasons were faithfully improved in 
carr}'ing specie on board, in a clandestine 
manner, generally in belts beneath their 
clothes. On one occasion Mrs. Trotter bad 
got her pocket so heavily laden that as she 
was about to go on board, her pocket-string 
broke : and she instantly fell, appearing to 
have fainted away ; when the Captain, with 
some of bis men who understood the case, 
immediately gathered her up: taking cart 
to keep her skirts closely wrap]/od about her; 
and carried her on board without exciting 
i^u'picion. Had hoops then been in the fash- 
ion, tbey might have proved a sad ann<^- 
ance. In this contraband trade the Captaift 
was so successful that in the course of a few 
years, he accumulated the means of a hand- 
some support during the remainder of hit 
days. Mr. Clarke remained, during life, hit 
fast friend ; and. many years after these traa- 
tactions, died at his bouse in Bradford. 

Capt Trotter on leaving the tea, pnrchat- 

, ( 

, " J 


t : 

^ • 4 


* P • 

•• •! 

- «. 

• • "; 



ed a beiutiful titaatiob in Attleboroagb, 
MaM., wberf he resided a few yean. when, 
traveling. through this pari of thecoantry, 
he was mnch pleased with the valley of the 
Connecticot river, and purchased for him.«elf 
a situation in Bradford village, with a large 
farm adjoining. When he settled down here, 
Feb. 2d. 1804, he was worth $40,000, which 
was, at that time, esteemed by the peoplc.a 
great fortune, lie built a commodious houFe 
in the central part of the village, where the 
" Trotter House,** named for him, now stands, 
and furnished the same in good style. That 
houFe conptitutes a part of the prcfont edi- 
fice, now (1 809) owned and occupied as a hotel 
by J. Finnigan. Capt. Trotter, also built, and 
put in operation, a cotton factory, just above 
th« lowest bridge for ordinary travel, acros.* 
WaitV river; on tlio south side of the stream, 
wh«re the scytho-Ftone & kit factories now 
stand. This huj^iness, proving unprofitable, 
was, in the course of a few years, abandoned. 
He also set up an extensive distillery for 
converting grain into whiskey; and prosecut- 
ed that business for several years. The long 
row of buldings for this purpose, stood a 
little south of his house, on the border of 
the meadow, at the foot of the hill. This 
undertaking proved in various respects worse 
than the other; and, for a long time, the 
old deserted and decaying buildings, stood 
as a warning to every beholder. The Cap- 
tain, for some time, had a store on the west 
side of the street, a little north of where 
Prichard's store now stands, and afterwards 
traded on the opj>osite fide. But, so far as his 
estate in Bradford was concerned, his princi- 
pal income must have been derived from his 
farm and grist-mill. Probably from his com- 
ing into this town to the time of his decease, 
a period of 18 years, his property wa« gradu- 
ally diminishing. By the inhabitants of the 
town he was highly respected, and occasion- 
ally elected to offices of trust and importance. 
For a time he officiated as one of the select- 
men ; and again had command, as Captain 
of a military company. 

Capt. Trotter was a man of great natural 
kindness and liberality. 8ome few instances 
in proof of this, I will mention. 

On m certain occasion, an Irish boy came 
along, poorly clad, selling needles and pins, 
while diligently seeking for his father, whom 
he hoped to find somewhere in this part of 
Uie eountrj. The Captain was pleased with 

the smartness of the boy, and on learijiss 
his condition and business, generously detain, 
ed him for several days in his house. In the 
meantime he sent the little fellow with z 
good bundle of materials to a tailorc't^f, uKo 
made for him a new suit of clothes, gr<ratly to 
his delight In a few days the father caui^ 
along enquiring for his boy ; and was ovtr- 
whelmed with joy and gratitude wln-n I.e 
found how generously he had been can-l f.T 
The name of the boy, was Francis K«-ll.v. 
He and his father were from Ireland, s-<k- 
ing, I believe, a home in Canada. 

On another occasion, a great fire in Nvw 
buryport, Mass., reduced many persons to 
distress for food and other necessaries of l:f.'. 
Capt. Trotter, on learning the fact, imni'-ji- 
ately dispatched a two-horse team, ht-avily 
loaded with flour and meal, entirelv at In 
own expense, for the relief of the suUt rcr*. 
Stephen Jenkins was the man he sent. 

A Mr. Ford, a poor man in Bradford, hai 
the misfortune to lose his only cow ; an*! on 
the morning of a town-meeting day, ca:u*' n 
Capt Trotter with his sorrowful story, a^kir.z 
if he would be so kind a.s to draw up a ^il • 
scription and give it a start, to helphiia V' 
buy another cow. The Captain, nW.-xt 
ready for any such exigency, took his j-« n- 
cil and wrote, 

•• Fellow Townsmen — 

OiRrity never knocked loader th.iD now, 
. A poor old couple hare Io«t tbeir cow ; 
Tl>e caw belonged to De«con Ford — 
Give to the poor, and lend to the Lord.** 

This he publicly read, to the great anin^c- 
ment of the men assembled ; and, signinj I* 
name, with a liberal sum annexed, h^tni* i 
around the paper; when, to the great j"y^f 
the poor man, enough was shortly sub?- r;! -i 
to buy another cow, and hay to keep U: 
through the winter. 

Capt. Trotter, though not a profe>'50T of :- 
ligion, was ever ready to give liberally t 
wards its support His regular sub'-cn;:: - 
towards his minister's salary was $'>0 ayv 
He also gave the use of a house, bam a:. ; 
garden, and the privilege of having all g'- '* 
ing at the Captain's mill toll-free. He i:-*- 
many other ^rest-nts beside. The fir?t i.'-^ 
the Association of ministers met in Brai: :'• 
after my settlement, Capt Trotter an 1 1 • 
lady furnished, gratuitously, the enterti: . 
ment, in a very handsome manner. V"^-'-- 
at churcb one commanion day, and observiig 

: t 



!,nx poorly th© table wm provided with fur- 
nitnr^ glj^** vefselt being used, and ooe of 
ih< in having got broken on the way, be im- 
u.^-liftHy Mot to Borton an order for »i1ver 
fr.rniture fur the LordV table ; which be pre- 
i>:iU-\ to the Congregational churcb. It 
c <t him aboat f 200. An inFcription.'on the 
'ur '•• tankard indicates that the donation 
T.c nia'1^ f^ a to^tiraonial of gratitude to 
•.;■ 1 for his goodnesi in the preservation of 
\l*- lift- of the giver in the four quarters of 
:''i- fili'he. May these preciou? articles of solid 
s.Iv.r. long remain a pleasing meraorial of 
!.> liUrality. 

lie g«»eijjed to have a great respect for reli- 
c:^a, and for those whom he e.«t**<'mcd truly 
pi 'le i-ooi'le, but did not like to be very 
t. •• !v ajproaclied on the subject of j»er?oi»al 
ji'-.T. \Yh'n his young pastor, at a certain 
♦j:n-, tried to be faithful to him in that re- 
1-. t. he was evid(-ntly mooh di.«<turl>ed ; and 
::* • iT'Vt j^aid, ^V^Vhat right have you to ask 
n.-^ ptirli que^tions?'* A storm sceracd to be 
zvh-rir.g; when, taking my hat and silently 
* wiii^ him good-bye, I turned towards the 
d T, to kavc him alone to his reflections. 
Jii-t as I reached the door, I felt some one 
J Mly j»ull the skirt of my coat. I turned 
t > «-•• what was wanted : when he said to me 
•v.:h a 5iijile, "Mr. McKecn, if at any time 
y\ want any favor of me, be a.<sured I 
^ -s .11 e«!/*em it a pleasure to oblige you." My 
^^1 .zitlons to bira on the score of benefits 
•• ivfd, during the course of some 8 yearn, 
"r^- many and great. 

'a; t. Trotter was in j>erson tall and erect; 

'f )::\{ complexion, blue eyes and reddish 

' r i:( ritkmanly in his manners, and much 

^'••a 10 hocpitality, having an intolerable 

: '.:k- cf all meanness. He was in the habit 

' T^ I ling extensively the current news : bad 

'!ia! otit the world a great deal; posessed 

r i h f:«n*-ral intelligence; and delighted in 

' -verMtion. He was, in most respects, an 

' -"irahle man: 

•*Lir»ri> «M his tMinntr aod bi« soul nioecr^— 

No Un\trr »frk hif xatrlU to dincloM, 
Or «ir«w M« frmilti*^ from their dread abode, 
Ti*.^rr thfy, alike, in IrriuMing hope rtpow, 
. Tl.e b.^,nj „f |,j. Father g^nd hit Ood.** 

* H*. di-1 Jun» 11. 1822, lacking but 18 days 

; ^ • .32 53 years of age. His remains re- 

: Y ^ T <be side of those of bis first wife, the 

•» V who voyaged with him to foreign lands, 

, *'^i^ s^*i*ted him in the acquisition of his 

^"^'ih. For some years before bcr decease, 

she manifb«t«d a deep interest in religioa, 
and died enjoying itj consolations, Not. 9, 
1813 ; aged 44 years and 10 months. 

The widow of Capt. Trott«r, wboM maidea 
name was Hannah D. Brooks, a very esti- 
mable lady, married Col. William Barron, oC 
Bradford. They continued to re«ide here for 
several years ; but finally disposed of their 
estate and purchased a very eligible sitnatioo 
a little west of the University in Norwich.Vt. 
for their home, but have since removed to 
Hartford, CU At the time of Capt. Trotter's 
decea^«e, there was a statute in existence in 
Vermont, to the effect that if a ]>erson died 
intestate, leaving no heirs, or a man thus died 
leaving no heirs but bis widow, bis estate, 
after the payment of bis debts, should escheat 
to the town to which bo belonged, for tha 
support of schools ; allowing in the latter 
case, the widow the use of one third of the 
property during her life time. 

Tliece conditions were all £L>und to exi^t ia 
the case of Caj»t. Trotter, as be had left no 
will, no issue, and no relatives having legal 
right to claim any portion of his estate. All 
was left iu the bands of the widow. In this 
state of affairs, the town of Bradford preferred 
a claim to what the law, above nam^, al- 
lowed them. The claim wa^re«»isted as un- 
just. A suit, involving serious exj»ense, on 
both sides, ensued ; which was finally set- 
tled by compromise; the town agreeing to 
take, as satisfactory, certain real estate, which, 
when sold, brought •* 1.355.99, This sum was 
duly invested for the benefit oS schools ; and 
the interest if annually applied towards their 
support. The law was soon after repealed ; 
and this is said to be the only case decided 
under it. Tlie town, within the year psFt, 
ha caused the burial place of Capt, Trotter 
and wife, to be handsomely enclosed, and 
otherwise improved. 

Bradford, Aug, 2.5th, 1868. 

[We are yet expecting a complete list— 
with data of their company, regiment, time 
of enlistment and discbarge, with general 
remarks— of the soldiers of Bradford ; but aa 
the paper has not arrived in time, that we 
appear not nnpatriotic we will give the ser- 
mon preached bj the reverend historian of 
Bradford before the Bradford 'Guards, and 
their roll of honor, and refer the reader to 
the close of the County for the further and 
complete military record for this town. — Ed.] 

« » 

'« . 

. I 



• : - 
4" I 


• r 






1 ■ 

( ^ 

!» * 

• • 

■ '-.: 



A Sermon^ ddivtrtd at Bradford, T%, Salbaik , 
afUmoon, April 28, 1861, iif (A« presence of \ 
the Bradford Guardit, when under ciiU to join 
Vie First Jtegiment of the VennotU Volunteers, 
(mA go forth in their eonntry's service. By 
Bev. Silas McKeen. Published by reqtt^ of 
the Company, by the Chronicle Press, Wind- 

sor. 1861. 


8 BAMtJCt X. 12 : **B*ot good coiir«ir««. und IH na pUy 
th« nicu fur onr p«<ople, «od fi>r llie ritieK of our (lod : 
AuU th« Lurd d«i that wliirli •r«m«ili II in good.** 

This waa the thrilling char^re given bj a 
General, long since, to his otticvn and sol'Jiere 
on tbe ero of battle. David, king of Iftrael, 
had sent au euibajvjr to a neighboring prince, 
to express sympath/ with him on account of 
the death of nis royal father, and to con>:ratu- 
lite him on his accession ^> the tlirone of the 
Ammonites. — wishing to boon terms of friend- 
ship with him, as he had been with his father. 

Rat the men of high estate about llanun, 
the new king, induced him to believe that theite 
ambassadors had been sent for no good pur- 
pose : tliat thej hafl come as spies, and as such 
ought to be treated. He accordingly laid vio- 
lent hands on them ; treated them barbarous! j, 
and sent them away in deep disgrace. Tlien, 
coivFcious that b^had grossly offended a king 
renowned for warlike achicvemenU, and that 
hostility would, in all pr(»b:ibility, be the result, 
this fool-hardf niort-d immediately oommcnc<*(l 
making great preparatijos for war, which had 
not been declared. He n.'>t only marshaled iiis 
own forces, but hired from neitr'hboring princes 
more than thirty thousand warriors, to aid him 
in the deadly conflict which he had so rashly 

Tiic king of Israel, not at all daunted by 
thciie mighty but unprovoked preparations of 
his enemies, waited not for them to invade his 
dominions, but sent forth his veieran command- 
er, Joab, at the head of a powerful army, to 
crush their power and pride within their' own 
borders. AVhen, Joab sr4W that the forces ar- 
rayed against him were imposing, and timt tbe 
contest with them was likely to be severe, be 
called forth vanous companies of his mighticn 
men to stand wuh himself in the fhvnt of the 
battle, in direct opposition to the formidable 
Itost of the Syrians; and ordered his brotiier, 
Abishai, with the rest of the anny, to encoun- 
ter the Ammonites ; announcing that mutual 
assfistance should be rendered, as the exigences 
of tbe battle sliould demand. It was on this 
occafion that he so impressively exlmrtcd his 
oflQcers and soldiers to be courageous, to act 
bravely in behalf of their country, and to tni^ 
the issue uith tiie Lord of hosts. His words 
bad their intended effect; iKXh oflUcers and 
men were inspired with undaunted resolution : 
they rushed to the battle, with heroic determin- 
atk)D, and quickly cut down and put to flight 
their enemies ; they gained a complete victory 
over them, and shortly returned iu triumph, to 
rec<*ive the high approbatkm of their king, and 
the warm congratulations of their numerous 

The impressive oddress of Joab to his army 
U entirely appropriate to the kjal citiseut of 

the United States at this tremendous crisif ,^ 
especally to the patriotic soMiery. assemblis^ 
in such great numbers for the support of oar 
Government and national honor. 

After years of peace and proeperity, while 
the citizetis in every part of the country w*re 
oujnying tbe impartku protection of one of the 
bc^t Governments on earth, an alarming rebel, 
lion, long meditated, has broken out, threaten, 
ing to rend the Union forever asunder ; and 
deeds of treason and violence, of plunder au4 
unprovoked warfare, have filled the whole land, 
and even forei$:n nations, "anth oonsternatioo.-. 
In thi-* sute of things, our President, io the 
exercise of his legal authority, issued bis 
Troclamation, cilling for military forces, to the 
amount of seventy-five thousand men, to rally 
in defence of the property, aiilliority and exi^i 
enee of our nation. To this call Vermont h.M 
loyally and promptly responded, and shown 
herself ambitious to contribute her full rliare 
both of men and means, in support of this ri|;h. 
teous cause. Her legislature has voted one 
mill'on of dollars to sust.oin it The mirta7 
cohi|)any of this place, embracing a large ouia* 
bcr of our highly esteciiied citizens, in a truly 
patriotic manner, have consecrated ihem«?ke« 
to their country's service. The town,- a! a 
meeting called for that purpose, have nnAui- 
mously voted to give their "* Guards'* aswitnhle 
outfit, and to provide, so far as may bo ih»c-«- 
MTV, for their families during their nbsenco.— 
Tlie people of the loyal States are all moved br 
the same mighty ppirilof patriotism, and. wiib- 
out rc'jmrd to former political divisions, hovr 
stand firmly tog-ther; and both men and mfn- 
ey. unto and beyoiid any present demand, are 
freely offered in defence of our national iiiug- 
rity and honor. 

Tn this state of things, I have been requ^^it- 
ed to deliver a discourse, this afternoon, ap|''> 
priate to the occasion, and could I do ju«tuv lo 
the unu««ual theme, and sjicnk a-* its imponanw 
di'innnds, I would esteem myself happy to bo al- 
lowed the privilege. To see so many of oir 
peace-loving friends clad in military osturuc, 
and about to go forth, to meet, it may l»e, ia 
deadly encounter the infituatod men of the 
S«mth, who have conspired against tlie X:in'*a- 
al government, and who are by all mean^ fo- Ic- 
ing its destrnction. is truly an affecting 5|«c:3- 
cle : and gladly would I say something, not 03- 
ly for their encouragement, but also for the o-'u- 
solation of the numerous friends ahora t!:\r 
are leaving. An appropriate train of iIj^qj!.: 
is suggested by this exhortation of the tcIo' a 
commander of the Israelitish forces, when c r.: 
into ba'tlo : •" Be of good counige, and l«'Hi* 
play the men ft»r our |>eople. and for the c.'i-s 
of our God : and the Lord do that which soist* 
eth Him good.** 

**Bj5 or oooD oorRAOB." Courage i.< »!•»« 
quality of mind which enables men to encvo> 
ter danger and difllcultios with resolution u-ii 
firmness; and, in spite of threatening app-^'- 
ances, to exert their utmost powers to net* '^• 
plish the arduous undertakings in which i' 'T 
engage. It is opposed to timidity, imf»ol»» ^ 
dos|K>udeucj and cowardice. It ;• bigli\j >*^^ 




fnl !« «mo<v«« in ordinarr purruitA. mid iu trmr* 
Un*pcnMWe. A fioldier witTiout ooiinii»e 
iro«:M he «» grent an ii>»:««ird»tr m • o-ilU»jr* 
.,^ Y^.4««ir without lemrnin);, a musk^iau wttliotit 

fk IL or a Cliri-'tian without reliirion. Tlie 9o\. 
(i-or f-f true courriL'o i« not like a Toraciou* or«'«l b<*:»st of prey, imp'llod hr Mtrnp* fi-- 
ff^tr or an iii«nli.ime lhir»t for bU«t>d ; iiriiher 
i3«v< be in<1uli;e in vuin b4)n.«tln];. or di»^p'^ iho 
T«.Aor of hi* o|>ponenJ«s or ni'*h nciHllf!**ly into 
d iv.'«r : h • is no ii»ori» di^|¥t(KM] tb 'n ollior uwh 
10 il i-^w hi* life away : but wherever ihc pwth 
i>f d .tr le.iiK he triMdn fimily, dilcrmincd to 
ao! br.ivHy, bo the couf- quciicei to him what 
t!.^v niay. 

Ti.i." noble quality i^ originally, a pift of na- 

tu!v. lli»»nu'h rapabl«» of preat improvement. — 

Oir nil VI i<<.* and infinitely bonev«»lcMit Creator. 

ki; • \ Mi: that in Fuch a world as thiji, the fvehh- 

w. 'i!»l Dt-ed JBUpport, and the virinoiis pro!«*c- 

^j T — ii,at tljero wo jld bo niultltuJe« op|»o-<Mi 

i.» aU lilt' Kilutary restrainlj* of law, and re- 

p.i-'ll ;H of the ri'^htfl of others, ever ready to 

c ju'»? in oppres.«tive and unju.Hiifiable wara, in 

or!' r to cnitify their lust of oonquejst with iti 

c|, i> — that even nilcr* would often prove av. 

a- c\ I'j^ Uftjust and oppre"»«ive.— haa bo<'n 

l'\ a<' d to implant, in the fiouls of many. Ann- 

I. «* and re.«iolulion to prapple with the<e intol- 

iTi'V wn>!)p<. and to mo^l the evil-doer'* with 

♦If only J6*»rt of authority nud power whieh 

tV. T ktiow how to apj>reciate : and th'JS by 

f r-v conjpel them to re!*!KHit the rlphts o( oth- 

^•"v. 11 id there not, in every ape. been many 

c/n of iliis Ftatnp, — rcv)lute, patriotic meu. 

1. ivtiu re.^ird to llie public pood, and deter- 

cj. I'i to re>»trHin and puni'ih i!»ose who tr.iin- 

]']• i; the riplita of their fel'ow-mon, — anarchy, 

c ••.f'l^ion and wretchednes-^ must, lonp since, 

invi- *.\vept all j>, order and happines.H, frf»m 

Vv«e tif the earth. Courape. like other no- 

I'if- (Miv^citi**!* aud powers of mind and body, is 

1 I'N- toabu<e; and when po-^.^c^wd by the 

:•:.'. »M>u< and unprincipled, is often con\*erted 

' 1 1 a miK'hty power of mi!»ohief ; but, under 

V.o uid.tuoe of re.ison and of correct montl 

I ^.'.f' J If it preatly exalts human natiire, and 

'- '. I'-r* one competent to acliieve dt eda of pa- 

tr "il* and l>enevolcnt heroism, m'hich, to one 

^' a d- yjiondinp spirit, would be impos^iblo. — 

'*Vo nnr well hope that those who have so will- 

i) \y devoted themselves to the service of their 

*^'\'-im. in this hour of her peril are, as they 

^' 'il 1 be, men naturally courageous and en- 


1* i' a spirit of courapre may be preatly in- 
'*T' i*K*i and strengthened, by a conviction that 
t! •? f^tti*-? in which one is called to enpape Is 
i !"• ; that he will be sustained in his under- 
»i;>ijj by many others of the same mind and 
'! 'it wiih himself; and that there Is a fair 
}r -j^ct of ultimate success. All these miphty 
»:i(^ tiiives to courage combine to innpire witlj 
!.• ' resolution the bosta now rallying under 
t e flap of our UnioiL 

f>iir cau«e is jwL I mj our ciuse, for it is 
t! «» rnuv not merely of th Jle who are harness- 
*i f r battle, but of all loyal citizens, Iq evefj 
I*n of the Und. Look at the state of our 
»actry. About one-lialf of the dare Sut^^ 

have d4<cUred themselree no longer mcmben 
*»f the Union ; have f^tered into ctrnM^-mcj 
with each other, chiming to te an Independeot 
iieople : have set np a iforemnienr of tlieir own, 
firaim*d ou the prinnple tliat inipht make* ri|tb4; 
have S4*t al ileftiiKv tlie autlMvity of the Foder* 
nl (rovemment whirh they were sw<ini and bj 
every sacred ohli>rati4»n bound to respect, and 
have in«:niely c«imme!K*«*d a c«>iinic iifopeu hoe> 
tility. This has been douf. iml dO il»c grtiuod 
of any inju>iic*e on the part *»f the peneral g»>T. 
emmeut. not in a fit of sudden excitomonl aii4 
ineotisiderate m>hn<*''< but in pursuance of * 
treaehen>n« plan, by h>adinvr |M»litK*ianf for near- 
ly thirty years fvuidly clu rifht^d. Tliey bad 
lonp been wail in;; for an ava lahle occetioa to 
s-'parate tJMiiiM'lves fr4>ra the Union: and al 
hiiplh foutid it in iho fact that the nation had. 
eonslinilioti.illy. ch-ottMi a rresideut and Vioe- 
Pri'HiJeul without tlieir hel|i, or rcirard to their 
preference. Uider a p<»venira.^nt like this^ it 
\n not to be ex'^eU'd that aU can bare Iheir 
choice. The only iiobsihie way to live in peace, 
i'* to consent that iheinaj*»rity nhall rule 8o it 
has always been with the citir^^ns of th« Free 
States, when they have fiiUni t4» elect their &• 
vurito candid.ite«. When JefTermin and Burr 
were ol.rte»l. the stn>ng old Kinleral party, 
whieh embraced a p>rtioo of the men of 
intellii^ence. inte;:rity. and pr«'|K»rty in the 
tvmntry— <»f the piiriois and heroe-* who bad 
Kto«»d finnly in the KU)»|M»rt of the .idmiiii^tra- 
tiun of Wttshinptim and of Adams, were* 
fully dis.ip|Hi!nt( d : bit. in.^N ad of raiHing the 
^tand•lrd of nb* lllon. or talkinir treason, they, 
like men of penulno patrioti««m, as they r'ere, 
suhfrtitlM. deeid'-dly. to the public will; and, 
actinp the |»art of quie^ and piK>d citizens, they 
had ^tifl cause to rejoWio in the country's firos- 
|>erity and honor. So it Iwen with all par- 
ties in the free Sutes. ever wnco. But with 
the it 1ms ben** Rule or Kuin." For 
months before Si'ce»"<ion was d^'clared, disaffect- 
ed momlK'rs of Oonpre-^s und of the Cabinet 
were S4-cre'ly f*c«"upie<l in fnrni«hinp the South 
with arms, in fani.inp t!»e flumes of strife, and 
doinp all they could lo eflV-et a dissolution of 
the Union. Many, while holding hiph ofQcea 
under the iroverment, have been earn^-silr seek- 
ing its destruction. Tiie Southern people bare 
been diligently i*<lueated into an approval of 
treason. Tlie r leaders* have, by all po>sible tt- 
forts, been preparinp them f »r war. and urping 
them onto deeds of violence. *. rmies hare 
been raised, disciplined and inspired wiib invet- 
erate hostility to tbd national government.— 
The malconietit;? have seixrMi on a vxst amount 
of pfoperiy l>'longinp to the Union, and claim- 
ed that all the f^rts and nnuMials within tlieir 
bordc-rs belong to them. Huvltig, through the 
wonderful forbearance of our governnienL b.*eii 
suffered to surround Fort Sumter with strong 
batteries furnished m*ith heavy ordnance, and 
to collect an army of some seven thousand men, 
they there comnK-nced the bloody drama ; and 
after a hard-fou'^bt action succeeded i«i so bat- 
tering the fortification, aud filling it with fire 
and smoke, that the gallant commander, Major 
Anderson, with bia little company of seventy 
soldie.'V, were compolled to eracuate tbeir poeL 

•• • 
• I.* 

t\ ' • 

I • 

t •• 

.1.- -■ 


1 1 




»■ 4 










I ' 




' 1 

* - 

' >• 


. • 




■*• tj 

^ * 


Tliifl has been proclaimed through the South as ! t*nc6 bequeathe- to u« bjrour heroic aoce* 
a K^orious victory, and a proof that tlie Lord of . tors. — an iuberitaoce procured bj the free ex- 
h«*Ft4 is on their side I Tlicy hare been longjpeDse not onlj of tlieir treasures, but tb^-ii 
zeal«ni.<Ur preparing, and hoping to gain a sioii- blood. Th(«e rallying around the flag of thej 
Ur Ndvaniage at Pcnsacola ; but the issue is . country, in this hour o^ hor peril, have certain, 
yet to be seen. They have plundered tlie ly this animating oonfiideralion to eucoufbgc 
United States mint at New Orleans; and, to them, that Oieir cawe iajusL 
the extent of thvir power, seized all the public -Nor are you cdled to go forth, in thin jusi 
property witliin their reach. Their President cau;»e, alone ; but a mighty host of oihera, of 
hj(S gone so far as to proclaim his readiness to j lilcc mind and s;urit, are with yoti. The ooq 
give letters <>f marque to all disposed to engage spirators, in one thing ai least, hare been jrrand 

ly disappointed. Ju*Iging the men of tin* {u.^ 
States by themselves, they have cUculati'd tiu 
few save the Republicans, distinctively so c.ilid 

^ in the business of privateering ; thus author- 

\ ^ * ^hig tliem to seize tiie ships and merchandise 

of our citizens wherever they may be able to do 

so. Great throats, also, have been uttertKl in j would stand up iu sup|>ort of Uie Admitu>irj 
) regard to marching upon Washington, s<>izing . tiou ; that Douglass and Bell and Brock iuri.i^'.* 

the Ca;>it:il. and proclaiming themselves the | men would cither join with //««m, or st^ind a!<>^il 
rulers of the nation. While these sct'ucs of ; from the mighty sirugi^le ; that the m.-iburuc 
*) outrage have been trau.«pirinvr. the border slave turera, v/ho want their cotton, and to find at :!ii 

i Slates have «> far sympathized with the vil- 1 South a profitiiblo ftile for their aniclo^. ;ii., 

I , lainy, that ihey have lK>en wholly averse to , the rich uicrchuuts. whase commercial tratiNi.-; 

j ' ' any deci««ive measures to arrest its progrc.**8 ; | ions were to be curtailed by the los« of Soirh 

I • t and not only refused to come to the aid of the cm patronage, and their profits in other q'-.x* 

I government, btjt have erprea.«?ed a detA.'rmiua ' tcr* spoiled hy the opening of the portn v{ \h 

I tion that no tr«>ops from the free States sh^ll South to free trade, would join with them .; 

1 p:iss through their liortlers, to suppress the re- j ciimiielling the Government to come to xW. 

' bellion, protect the ("apital. or in any way sus- j terms; a!id that their great military i>rt;>.ra 

tain tlie ad.ninistr.ition 1 Virginia has, indeed. * tiu:ts would strike the men of the North wii' 
virtually declarc^l hor!<elf out of tho Union and 1 suoh consternation that few indeed wuuli h 
is u<ing her utmost eflfort^ to seize the f irts, ar- \ bold enough to meet them in battle. Ti. 
scumIs, and other public proiK-rty within her ; North, hy their mighty movements, were to h 
limit's and to drag as m.iny itf llie neighboring \ teiTor-stricken,emj»overi''hed, crushed. anJ o»ia 
Suites as )>os.«»ihlo into the s:uue gulf with her- polled to sue for peitce on whatever terms ibvi 
seIC Kven in Ballimore, the tro<>|is of M; ! ma.'tters might di;.'tate unto them. But. iii.^'ea 
chnHotis. while quietly pa<v<ing through, in obc- ' of this, all )>olitical parties at the North .ti.. 
dieni'O to the call of tlio I*rosidont, have been | West, disregarding all minor considerations, .in 
violentl}' net u|>on by a groat mob, and some of moved by the same mighty spirit of gi-ju:". 
the men killed, and more wounded. A d«'ed patriotism, have risen in their ^tri'ii^iii. i«n 
for which ^omo of the assailants had to pay by ; sUind firmly together, in defence of the Fe-lvr. 
the ttierirti'e of their lives. Tliero cannot be a \ Constitution anJ the Flag of our Unio'i. V»' 
doubt but that the desperate resolution is strong , have in the Free Stales but one pany n«>w.- 
and extent ve. to utterly d«»m«»li<h the govern- j a party embraeing the entire population. .M.«j 
ment which our patriotic fathers established ; ; ufacturers and otliers are willing to suflTtT iul^>u 
and to erect another upon iu ruins, entirely in , venience for the public benefit Tlio uKni. «• ^ 
accordance with the ambitious views and . oa whose favor the rebels depended, have ^.t"•^: 
wii«hes of the conspirators. their love of country to be altogether htr»n..'- 

These treasfmable and outrageous proceed- . than that of gain, and are p<«uring out t.-. 
ings, the President, as in duty bound, has de- ! hoarded treasures with princely libi-raii'.y .: 
clare<l it hU pur]>^'*« to arrest : and has called ' stjpport of the dc/isive measures tikon l»r ti- 
ou all good and loyal citizens to rise up as one Government. Bankers and men of nio3!i- •«. 
mati, in d. fence of' the general government, of tlirougl: the country, an4 the State legi.-l.i''i't" 
our national integrity and honor; and, if no ' all show a determination to make sIpmi^^ :' 
other means will avail, crush the rebellion !»y ; sinews of war. The threatened'U hyt.< 
an overwhelming military force. Is it not r/y/i< ! reb«.'l forces has thoroughly rou.«e.l ilie wj' 
that he should thus re.Holve and act ? And is \ spirit of all loyal citizens, aud mullii'J'le- ^• 
it imt our duty to stand with our government in never dreamed of enga.iing in actual w.;rf» 
this trying exigency? if it is right to supj^ort | now inspired with heroic res^lunou art- '..-'^ 
the government under which we have so long ncssed for battle, and ru'«hing with the li * * 
etijoyei protection and pnwpcrity, to punish . mination of veteran warriors to the sceie <<i -; 
treason the most flagrant, to suppress rebellion : cisive action. The cultivators of the u- - 
the most unreasonable and outrageoos. to main- mechanics, students, professional men, ar«. ^'^ 
tain our independence and the integrity of our ; fering themselves in greater numbers tliau t'«j 
Union, to maintain our existenoo as a nation, ; at present bt? received. Men. as in the (Uv* •• 
iu opposition to the efforu of enemies Becking | the Revolution, with brave hearts, are Icav *; 
Its destruction, this war. 
Arnmout, if war it may 
not. ou our part, a war 

r>ovetousne8S. or malevoleuco, but tiroply a cod- { sister or wife is engaged in preparing 
nituti<mal and justifiable course of action, in light of her cyea. and the joy of her heart. :- 
itV'dtfonee, In dofonoe of the prioeleae inheri- 1 go forth to the mighty conflict One spirit ut* 



vatK'S ihe whole oommuoitj. Sayi • fpirited 
whicr : ** iDiclligence, propert?, nuoibem, all 
niaali one waj. 8ioc« the landing of the Pil- 
cTuii^ nothing b>t occurred on the Americftn 
Ci'NtiufUt cqunl in j^randeuraud sublimit j to 
ilw^ uprising of thd people." Wh«*rou go 
far: It rou move U the midst of a might j host, 
ixs^lv'td, like youriolv4}«, to aot with enorcj 
tohJ liriunoiJ* ; and, tliorofore, you ma/ well be 
of p <k1 counige. 

You have aim) good reason to hope fi>r mc- 
ca^f ill this arduous unileriwking. Wlieu you 
cf!.<«i<Icr the jufttice of our caui*e. and the xeal 
unJ ouoivj' wiih which it is sustained,— that 
t!.i- o'!iS]»rai(>rH and their adlicrents do not. 
j rvUiblr. half equjil in iiumb^Ti* the good and 
1...- .1 oiiizciis who arc doicrrainwl t«» support the 
N.iiiii».tl Governnioiit. — that they are embar- 
ra>M'l by a va:«t slave )>opulatiou. to be watched 
auil laid in subjection, while we have no such 
<:,cMiil)r.«iicc. — that they are. to a groat extent 
tr.i:ii|Hd for pecuniary means, while the wealth 
of ilic nation is nminly with us. and money 
: I::i*'si without limit at tlie Service of our Got- 
trMinMiU — th .t the rebel Slates have but few 
f.Ht.riv?* 10 supi^y either their families wiih ar- 
l.ilt s «if donie.siic comfort, or their forces with 
aniii and the various munitions of war, while 
i!i« North is abundantly furnished with all such ie.*, — that they, while threatening to com- 
m.-i- o!i privateers and sweep our comnierci' 
friMi tlh' pea-*, are without any naval force to 
kc. p t!ieir own fiorts from bting. as they are, 
gir.ctly Itlm-kadc-d. — that they are, to a great 
c.\t« nt de|»cndent wn the grain -g-^owing States 
if ilio Noriliwest for their bread, and other ar- 
tjik« <»f living, of which they are liable to be 
ut at y lime deprived. — that they are sei'kiiig to 
i>v« nhrow the Ix'St (jovenunent in the world, 
w' .'.«• we are seeking t^i support it. and transmit 
V. in its ytrength and gl<»ry, to posterity, — when 
you iltpik of the hundreds of thousands of 
l':av<' ahd loval men, readv to rush to the fields 
of c 'iiihat. and that we have for the command- 
erofour nrinies an experienced, wise, courage- 
ous :iiid nuciH'Krtful (f . nerat whom the whole 
hA:,vn iias long been accustomed to hold in 
jrof uiid respect, and an able and tru8t worthy 
Vtk-] j« nt and <'al*i«u't to guide the aflairs of 
«wr riiiuu in these |>erilous times,— when you 
I' !»'!>l 111 ' wonderful unairimity which prevails 
ti.r'.-.-lj aU the lovid Stateil and reflect on the 
I-* r*- vvriiiir care and bles.«ing of the Almighty, 
iii:j:i fc-i.-d towards us hiihorio,— have you not 
ri > >ii. have yon not idl abundant reason, to 
i'- 1"*' r»r succe?*? Surely, in view of all these 
C'tiMdfrations, we may well be of good cour- 
'•fT''- Hut coura^, in this case, must be mani* 
k->\.->\ uiid go forth in vigorous action. , 
•Lkt cs,'' tlien. "plat the MB!* roR oca 

J ^'-PLK AXn Fi»R THE 0ITIE8 Of OCR GOD.** — 

Thi.« exhortation, as it proceeded from tlie lips 
<><' ilie staunch old Jewish commander, fell on 
J 'f Iioaring and the hearU of his embattled 
i."*u with great effect. Tliey knew that it was 
throu^'h the direction and providential care of 
'•^e Almighty that they. M a people, bad been 
^- <»m?!it forth from Uieir bondage in the land of 
fJTI»t, and conducted aafely through tl»« Red 
btt, the perils of ai« wildoroeai, and the fwell- 

ing of Jordan. — that it was Ht who had gives 
there that goodly land for ibalr poraetiioii — ^vbo 
bad driven out the beatben bef>re tbevi, and 
nuide them a great and proapcroiM people. Tnaf 
were God*s people, — their power and wealth,— 
their habitatimia. whether bumble or niperb,— 
their cKies. whether small or large — bekwged 
to Him, and sbouM be dc^lended with a Tiew to 
His honor. 

8a to a great extent Has It been with na— • 
The God of oar fathers bronglit them out fVtMi 
oppression in their native land as intolerable ai 
that of the Isniclitet in Ktr>*pt. He conducted 
them in safety across the stonny oce m. — pra- 
ser\'ed tliem alive on a deserted oim<t while suf- 
fiTing with cold, hunger and sickness, and con- 
Htant fear of l>eing cut off by savage foes, — and 
has wonderfully multiplied and blessed tbeir 
jKwterity. He conduct4*d our revolutionary 
(ailicrs safely through the iierilous scenes of 
that roi;:hty struggle,— enabled them to e«tab> 
lisli a Government, which. ft»r its wis'lom and 
justice and numerous, advantages, has com- 
maitded the admiration of mankind,-— and, im- 
der His fostermg care, numerous villages and 
cities, and edifices consecrated to learning, to 
legislation, the administration of justice^ and Di- 
vine worship, have arisen througlKmt our land. 
To His kind providence are we indebted for all 
these things ; and all, while occupied In con- 
formity to His wilt shouki be proierted aa Hit 
projicrty. We are to c«»ntend not for ouraelvea, 
for our own riglits, merely, but for our peoplei, 
and for the preservatk>n of tlte many great and 
]*rectoua blessings, both secular and re|{>rioua, 
whieh our (lo«l has bestowed on us aa a nation. 
Soldiera. when called fortli, aa our gatliering 
hosts now are, are eminently the defenders of 
their country's riglita ; and to them, in a special 
sense, it bek)nirs to play the men, or to act 
magnanimously and bravtly in defence of their 
people and their possessiona. 

Tlie true siddier is not influenced mainly by 
any considerations of personal advantage; bo 
is not a pirate, ready to kill in c»rder to plunder, 
— a savage, regardless of all the restraints of 
reason and humanity, thirsting for slaughter and 
revenge, — Imt he acu frrmi a high sense of du- 
ty, and rei»els force by force, aa the only meant 
of saving hli country from the hands of her en- 
emiea. of re-establishing {leace on the founda* 
tioo of justice, and of securirg to its people, 
both pre.^ent and prospective, tlie enjoyment of 
their inalienable rights. Tlie soldier should be 
a man of uncorruptible patriotism, a man of 
sterling integrity and lienor, in wliom tlie liigli- 
e«t style of bravery is tempered with humanity 
and the fear of God. In tl>e army, no coonta- 
nance sliould be given to profanity. Sabbath* 
breaking, gambling, drinking, lewdness, or any 
of those practices which degrade humanity and 
provoke tlia wrath of Heaven. Tbe soldier, 
going forth to battle, surely baa reason to ba 
thoughtful and prayerful, to be truly religiooa, 
and ever n^ady lo die the death of tbe rigbteooa. 
God grant that our dtiaen soldiers, bere ready 
to march to the soene, it may ba. of deadly con- 
flict, may all 0rst present tliemsdvea as livlnf 
sacrifloM unto Him in wlioae baud if tbe teni- 
poral and eternal desliuj of evaij bomao befaif^ 


t ' 



V. \ 










■nd heartily enlkit in the wrvice of the gk>riooa 
CipUto of nilrmtion I Then their hifrhcH in- 
ieren^ will be i>ecurc, tor their lives m-ill be hid 
with Chrint in God. | 

The ideft that reli^iouii principle is inoompat- 
iblc with martial hf^roiffm. is most absurd. It 
Is alike oortnrr to teuton and to f^ct. See , 
that darinjr .rouih, aftf^rwardn the most warlike ^ 
kioiT of Tf«raol goin? forth sin^lo-hniidiK) to fitrht 
in the prc-s -nco of two irreat nrmies. with Phil- • 
istin's mifrlitiest champion! What is liis renlj j 
to tlni in«»ileni fiiK-ech of tlii« pniud mortal?— , 
•• Thou coni<*i«t to me with a ^wonl. and with a ' 
spear, and with a shield; but I o<>mo to thee j 
in the name of the L«>rd of hosis. tiie God of 
the armies of Inraol. wljotn ih<»u liart defied. — 
Tliis day will the Li»rd dolivcr ihoe into my 
hand ; and I will jrive tho carca^s^-s of tlie ho.«t:* ! 
of the Fliili'^inc* lhi< day nnto the CnwU of the 1 
air and to the wild bonyis of the canh. ihnt nil 
tlie earth may know that thorp is a Of«l in Is- 
rael.** And t>o it w.'is. Seo Hexekia'i, \vhen 
invaded by the fJ»nnidahle and soominglv over- 
whelroinfc liofttM of t);e hnucht kiutr of Anny- 
ria, bowinir low before the throne of ?he Most 
llifCi). — i»car him im|)ortunaioly cryin;^: •*0' 
Loni our God, ftave us fn>m his hand, that all ' 
the kinjrdoms of ihc earth may know that Thou [ 
art the Lord, and Thou <»nly " This prayer wa< | 
frranted. and iho inHolont b1a<*]»liemer. \Vith all 
h:s hoj<t"«. uticrly couf MUidod. ]xx>k at tlie im- 
mortal Wasiiin'OTOX. sorious in convonjation, 
wi.«e in oounwl, stritt in morals, fcrronl in his ' 
suppl'cstiojis »o Ili-avon for direction and pr<»«- 1 
perify in coiiductinjc llie annifs of his country ; 
through the rovolutionar>* stni^ch*. but ab?»o- j 
lutoly firm in authority, and to Iur enemic? tor- 
ribh' in battle. St»e HAVj:i^»ric that voicnin 
Britiah pncr.d in the Kast, now. like a mini.<«ter 
of the p>^pel exhorting and prayinf? with his 
thorou-Jdy disHplincd ref(iment« and then rusli- 
ing upon hi* foes with an impetuosity and en- 
erjry which it was impos-sible to withstand. 

But 1 know Dot thai all htntory furnishes a 
more illustrious example o the fact we now 
have in view, than is to bo seen in the casv- of 
Olivkr Cromi\ Ktx and his army. — who actcl 
such a sipial part in the civd war which raped 
In Knjclaud two Imndrcd years ajro. He com- 
manded the Parliamentary forces, in oppoftition 
to those of the kinc. and foujrlit to secure to his 
countrymen their rijfhl to the enjoyment of t-ivil 
and religious liberty. Ho was a man openly 
religious, on all occasions acknowledging the 
authority of the Divine oracles, and his entire 
confidence in God. 11 is soldiers were selected 
from the middle diss of the people, with fl|>ec- 
ial ri'ference to good morals and entire devotion 
to the Ciiuse in which ho was engngiHl. They 
were a religious armv, in which there was 
much praying, exhorting, preaching and sing- 
ing of psalms : but io which, at the same time, 
the strictest militiry distciplino was regularly 
mainiained. Says a ci-lebrati'd historian : "That 
which chiefly di:«tingui.shed the army of Crom- 
well ttom other amiiea. was tho austere nK>ral- 
ity and tlie fear of God which prevaded all 
ranks. It is acknowledged by the most sealous 
royalists tluit in thiA sin^nilar c:imp no oath was 
beafd* no druukeauost or gasabling aeon, and 

that, during the long dorolnioD ot the sr>ldiery^ 
the property of tho peaceable citiz<*n, and the 
honor of woman, were held sacrod.** 

What would you expect of an army thus con- 
stituted, thus acting on religious principle and 
in the fear of God ? I should expect what the 
hii^torian proceeds to .vtate: ** In war this 
strange force was irresistible. Tho stubborn 
courage characteristic of tho English people, 
was by the !»ystem of Cromwell at once rosm- 
Isted and stimulated. Other leaders have main- 
tained order a« strict. Other le<iders hsro in> 
spired their fbllowers m'ith seal an ardent. But 
in his camp alone, the most r'sid disci|ilino wa^ 
found in company with the fiercest enthuViaftm. 
His troops moved to victory with tho precision 
of machines, while burning with tho wiJdcn 
fanaticism of crusaders. From tho time when 
tl»e army was n'modeled to the time when it 
was diftbanded, it never found, either in the 
liritish I.Mands or on tho Continent, an em my 
who could stand its onset. In England. Soot- 
land, Ireland. Manders. the Puritin waniora, 
often surrounded bv difficulties, sometimes con- 
lending ajjainst thr?*»-fold odds, not only ne\er 
failed to conquer, but ntver failed to d' !»tror 
and break in pieced whatever force was opposv-d 
to them. Tliey at length came to reg:ird the 
day of battle as a day of certiin triumph, and 
marched against the most renowned battalioni 
of Europe with disdainful confidence.** 

May sueli strict morality, such confidence in 
Go I, oombitK'd with the highest style of liero- 
is n. ri'ceive a frtsh illustration in the tioble 
Iv'aring of our Ilradford Gu:ir«ls, snd of all the 
forces ccintendin;: f«»r our national existence. — 
You, gentlfinen. officers and soldiers may be 
called to tho |>erronnanco of very p;i:nful ser- 
vices : to destroy, it may l)e, a great amount of 
valuable proj»erty lH*lonifiiig to the Union, to 
save it from falling into the hand«« of our ene- 
mies : to shooi down infuriated mobs, to aid in 
bunting down or cutting a broad way throueh 
rebdlious cities ; in shooting down the hosti 
wIk> are d *tennined to seize our Capital and 
trample our national banner under their ft-et : 
but we trust you will bravely attcnjpt wliat- 
ever dut}* may denmnd. It is a |»ainfti1 con- 
sideration that those with whom you are to coo- 
tend are our own countrymen, whose sirt's aei- 
ed with ours in acliieving the independent? 
and establ's'iing the Constitution which these 
degenerate sons are now sot»kiiig to d«*iroy. — 
But iC in the silence of niglit. one break" into 
your house for the purpose of robl»er>* and mur- 
der, or s.»izes you by the throat and att^'rnpts 
to run his sword thnmgh your body, of what 
conficquenco is it to you whether he is your 
countryman or a foreigner, wheih-'r he d«>e«ii 
in sudden anger or conscientiotisly ? He plnoes 
himself In tho attitude of an enemy, snd a^ 
such must be treated. We would gladly W at 
peace with those who have rn«en up against us. 
Our Goveniment has ever been ready to s«vure 
to them every right and privileire guaMntecl br 
tho Feileral .Constitution ; we diH?ply sympatljiz'^ 
with tho I«\vh1 citizens in the diployal Sute-. snd 
aro exceedingly sorry to do any thing to dis- 
tress them ; but to consent that a minority nny 
^vem tho natk>n.— that tho riglit of free soeech. 



either in Congress or out of it, fhall be drtiied 

123 thut slaverj shall be in«1<*fitiitelj extended 

and »n«**<^ national, — that a'ly and erery Slate 
which eho<tea mar secede from t!te Union, a* d 
ptizoeu all the public property within iu reach, 
without any eflbrt of the Presidt-nl to enft»rce 
il.e hiws of*ronjpw« agnion treaaon, insurrec- 
ti(iD and robbery, — it what we cannot da — 
Fe^u'e on such terms is more to be d* precated 
than civil mar. Let ^^ then, stand firmly, and 
act like men who know their rights and know 
b >w to defend them. Lot ua, — let the entire 
n):t.<9 of loyul ciiizi'na from the Atlantic to the 
Ta-iHc. — re-utter iu thunder-tonet the declara- 
tion of tlie resolute and immortal JArKfiox. — 
a divlaniiion mado by him M>me thirty yeara 
ajo, when South Carolin.i first rose in nbcilion : 
••Tlie Union must and shall be preserved, — 
peaoahly. if we can ; but forcibly, if we niustT' 

li luny bo that K>mc of you, beloved friends, 
w.ll fallin battle, or be cut otTby mob violence. 
or accident, or sicknejta. and will never return 
In ti.c pleasant home:! and belove<l relatives and 
f'it nd^» whouj you ore now leaving ; it may be 
ih t in c:i«e you should all live to return, aawe 
!n».t you may some of the loved ones, whom 
von will remember so fondly, will not be here 
to omhrace you and rejoice at your coming. — 
Tiu-se :ire evmts alike beyond human knowl. 
cL'»' and human control. The path which w** 
:.r • lo tread, the joys and sorrows which iu this 
I'V await u«. are all involved in darkness. Act 
w:*.!y, and bravely, and without undue anxit*- 
ly ciluily leave the i.«suo with Ilira. "who 
W'-rkoih all things aAcr the couns^el of Hi« own 
wl!.' Bo a.<sure<l we will be kind to vour Cam- 
ii.< s rtrnvinb* r you fervently in our daily pray- 
< rs and do what may be iu our power to sus- 
U'n i!ie great and g<K)d cause for which you 
l:ive manife.^ted such willingness to lay down 
Vi'ur live^?. 

Having thus resi>ectivcly performed our duty, 
ii K e >iiK-s us all to say, with the old warrior, 

J '»l»: •' ASD THE Loui) DO THAT WHICH 8F.EM- 

EiH IIiM r.<K)i>." He who guid«-s the planets 

iii t!*4'ir revolutions, and cau.»»es the seawms to 

f n-'-^'d each other in their ordt-r, who does Hi:* 

^ li in the armies of hraven above, al*'0 con 

i: .^ the ufluirs of nations, and raisin them to 

p ^<T aud disiiui-tion. or ca.sis them down and 

ti -irovg th.iu at His pK.'Uiure. To us. His 

c^'iv^K Mve as by \IU word or providence re- 

\ 1 -d, are in^cnitable. Often His way is in 

I. " >ea, and Ili.s fooirteps not known. Whether 

H' Will cause the Ihuuder-clouds which ha-ig 

<\er our nation to ex)dode with bla.«ting and 

v^>"X d'-siiuctive effect, or to discharge ihei' 

1 -:. •iiiii.r harmles:>ly and give place to the re- 

^'-'•1? Min.shiue of prosperity,— whether He 

*^ '1 Puffer the rebels to proceed to more outra- 

►"^ 'i"* act^ or will bless the strenuous efforts 

t * luj.king to suppress the insurrection and 

I ' suj»j<,rt the Government. — whether our na- 

^ '^Jl bmner is destined to be trailed in the 

^ '--•t. and l)e succeeded by that of the palmetto 

*"'J rattlesnake, or ii still to be borne alofl and 

.^^ptvted as aforetime, not only at home, but on 

^•^ remoiiji neaa and id all foreign land^— 

^t. ilier We are to sink amid the tumultuous 

^»v« of revolutiou to rise no more, or art ttiU 

to maiiitmin a higb and hooorable ataodinf 
among tli« natkma, — nod what will be tlie re- 
sult OQ the acceding StAtes, whether slavery, M 
they intend, shall be firmly establiabed 9nd 
more widely extended than ever bet ire. or it4 
otter extinction by this insane movement shall 
be precipitated, tod, sooner tlum tbo most hope- 
ful have dared to expect, liberty shall be pro- 
cl.iiro<-d through nil the land, to all the inhabi- 
tants thereof — are qui stions which it la impos- 
sible for tlie wisest, the moat iar teeing among 
men, with any well-grounded confidence, to an- 
swer. But we may rest assured that Jehovah 
will reign, and doadl His pleasure **The Lord 
on higii is mightier than the noise of many 
waters yea. than the mighty waves of tl>e ses." 
** He wjll cause tlie wrath of man to praise Him, 
and all thinp< to work together for good to them 
that love Him.** He will execute llis holy pur- 
poses re.4(»ecting both individuAls and nati'Uis, 
and fill the whole eurth m*ith the most illustrtoos 
disjihtys both of His justice and UH^rcy. Let 
u<, then, whether at home or abroad, whetlier 
occupied in pe.wful pursuits, or called to tbs 
field of battle, aim to perform our wliole duty, 
courageously and manfully, and submit the re- 
sult entirely to His infinite wi.Mlom and good- 
ness. H)i»8s<'d. forever blessed, are all they who 
put their trust in Him. While we feel deeply 
ibr our country, and pray and labor earnestly 
for its peace and proH|K'riiy. lot us not iail to 
oonfessi it is both right and desirable tbat ths 
Lord should do that which aeemeth Him good, 
l^t us not fail to lift up our united void-S, with 
that of the enraptured Psalmist, saying. *' Be 
thou exalted, God. above tlie hoaveni^ and 
thy glory above all the earth.** 

* On the occasion of the delivery of this Dis- 
course, the Guards appeared in uniform, but 
without anna, aud sat together in the bo^y of 
the house Tlicre was a great gathering of the 
po«)ple from Bradford and the neighboring 
town*, prefrmc. The Company left May 2d, 
for their pl.'ico of rendezvous at Rutland, and 
thence proceeded to Fortress Monroe, Va,,— 
wheiv Benjamin Underwood died, of sickness. 
May 20th, 186L 

The following are the names, the agoa and 
residences of the members of the Company, 
arranged in the order of their height : 

D. K. Androfs. Captain, - 

J. B. Peckett, Jr., IH Lieutenant, 
R. Farnhain. 2d Lieutenant, 
J. C. tSteHrns, 3d Lieutenant, 
C B. I-.f ach, hi Sergeant, 
E. A. Kilbourne, 2d Sergeant, 
M. G. Beard, M Sergeant, 
P. S. Chamberlin, 4th Sergeant, 
C. T. Blo'lgett, IH Corporal, 
J. B. W. Prichard, 2d CoriK)ral, 
J. \V. Kelky, 3d Corporal, 
E W. Robie. 4ih Corpora], 
.\lijali Farr, - • Bradford, 
Jason R. Bizby, - Topshsm, 
Eira Clark, • • Kcwbury, 

Bradford, 37 










• < 



a . 







T ' , 







P. 8. Palmw, - 
J. L. Roffh, • 
J. B. Brooks, - 
A. J. Young, 
D.<1, Child. - 

C. E. Peteni. 
Benjamin Underwood, 
OrrJQ Lufkin, 
W. N. Jewell, . - 
A. J. McFarUnd, 
Georgft P. Moore, 
John XorcroM, 
J. B. ijawyer. - 
A. H. Stover. • 
Ge*»r}»e \V. KorcroM 
A. 1». H«»ath, - 
Boht*rt Meservey, 
Jo!^^>h M'-Tallom, 

D. M. Lufkin, - 
John B. Oorlirt, 
Thoin.-u* W. Dickey 
O. B. Brown, • 
John Putnam, 

F. E. Davin. - 
N. Ayt-rs Avery, 
Nelwm Luj»«er, 
L. A. Andro«8, - 
L. D. Mai toon, 

E. A. Wilcox. 

F. M. B.i«ley, 
S. E. lTow<H., 
Fre'l*rirk Gould, 
R. W. Cliamborlin, 
T. A. Brook, 
H. M. Oha*e. - 

D. S. Clark. 
Gforce \V. Flanders 
Stephen S. Taylor, 

E. G. Flanders, 

A, E. Gitchell, - 
G*'or;»(» E. Woodi, 
Charle« N. Martin, 
Kat ilohifl, 

C. C. Wright. - 
Dennii« Buckley, 
H. S Blanchard, 
Danit'l Moulton, 

G. A. J<»hn^on, - 
Charl, ,* T. MoKillips, 

D. N. Flanders, - 
H. P. Williams, 
H, P. Pre«cott. - 
G<for}:e Lougee, 
John Eastman, • 
Pbil.iuder Lougee, 
Thoiiuw Preu, 
L. M. Tubbs, - 
MoM^» Gelo, 

G. J. (^affield, - 

B. Cowdry, 
M. A. Davis, • . 
A. B. Davis, 
Albert E. Page, 
D. F. Skinner, - 
Charles Woods, 

F. H Frary, • 
£. A. Howard* 


Thetford, - -26 
Holland, - - 23 
Wef^t Westminster, 21 
Top^ham, - 26 
Fairlee. - • 24 
Manchester, K. H., 25 
Bradford, • 

Corinth, - 
Bradford, • 


Topham, - 
Rock ford. Me., 
N«»whury, • 



Top^ham, - 


Newbury, - 




Kewbury, - 



W. R. Junction, 

South Newbury 

Lyme, N. H., 








South Newbury 
Bradford, • 


Piermont, N. H 
West Fairleo, 
** . 

Thetford, - 
Top^hara, • 



HUl N. H., 

Kewboiy, • 































Thomas L. Tucker, - Newbury, - . 4({ 
George K. Morris, - Orford, N. H., . 33 


contributed, in 1858, one of the most pleanin-' 
clusters of poems in the Vermont Po^t/i ani 
Poetry, and, in ISOO, also, for the revined edi- 
tion of the same work, for which Mr. G!e.ij^>n 
wrote an accompanying note: **Mis» V^zi 
is too well known, in her native Stato. to re- 
quire any ezU*nded mention. It is sufB -i. t.t 
to say, she was born on the beautiful banki 
of the Connecticut, in Bradford, Vermont, aaj 
parsed her .childhood under the 8ug^>->tu-<) 
shadows of the "dear old bridge" ehe has ^^ 
gracefully immortalized in the faoiiliar ani 
well-known poem which we give below. .<::e 
is at present connected, editorially, with oa^ 
of the prominent weekly papers of Ba-^ion. " 

We had a felicitous letter, that was i^^ru- 
liarly graceful, from Miss Pa^e, after the i- ur 
of the first volume of the PoeU, and a'f*w 
scattering notes for two to three years :\f;. r, 
all graceful, all kind, on silk pa|»er, iu a li t-.i 
flowing, airy as the paper. In one of tijt.-^ 
notes she speaks of being the political toiir- n< 
of all ol^Gleason's publications; in annili^r. 
of great weariness, — saying her iK>em.*, c t, 
and all her work had to be done in l.L 
Afterward, we heard she had died. Of h-r 
early life we know little. We have beon t •! i 
her family was poor, and she the child of i 

She grew up shy and reserved with 1*^ 
own neighborhood people, but had the hoz >r, 
while yftt living, to be one of two, only, rt:- 
ognized by Mr. Dana, as poets in Verm 'Z\, 
and admitted to his compilation of the "H'^u— 
bold Poeti of the World." ller *• Haunts \ 
publis'hed in both volumes of the '* Vrrr». -*. 
Poets*' is, perhaps, ber finest poem. An i }^• 
Mabel — is it not her own conscious fhxi * 
on the page? In all that fell from her ;-:i 
there is grace, but, always, the shadow of » -* 
walking near the Valley. 

I do not know her ago. I have beon I*- 
appointed in not receiving a biography of . ' 
from Bradford. But she died while yei i3 
the pride of her lif-j between, I should thr £ 
twenty-five and thirty-five. I know n*- 
even, whether ber grave is in Bradfori- 
though I think it is. But she wu the fair^ 
and first poet-child not only pf Bradford, ts^ 
tbai Orange County ever produced.—^ 






BT tliaT IL MOB. 

Bow*r*4 at vllbvr ardilBff MitnaMy 

By m wtl<l«rDeM of Imtm 
Otti'irrlnit 9>r th« •Unt old gablM 

And tb* brown and hmm*/ mtm. 
It ih« dear old brldic*, wbkh ofUa, 

Often In tb« oldvn l«m«, 
Ecbr>«d to oar infant 1oot*lalto 

And oar toIcm* ringing cbiM«. 

WlMTr, fropi out lb« narrow window*, 

Wr liare watrbfnl th« dajr fO down. 
Till tiMaIr wa« full ortwiligbt, 

f>.»n. and vbadowj and bruwo; 
Till tb*- riT«»r, glidinj: |Nwt na, 

Glixmi n|ion its biHioin woro. 
And tb« i>badow«, deep and deep«r, 

rri>|il alouK tb« winding vboro; 
Till ilie pale younK roo<^n grew brighter. 

And tlie tilver^footed nigbt 
Scattered *tar« along tba iialbwnj 

Of tlie •?•*• d«jMirting flight. 

0, tbe dear old bridge haa echoed 

To tbe tread of ntany feet, 
M'tii>«e cweet iuu«ir lung Las plnmbered, 

Miiffle<l in the windingHiheetl 
Manj «ulce«, too, have sounded, « 

Cli'ar and toft, and full of iiong, 
l.ilie tbe ripple of a bird-iMite, 

All tbe ringing roof along. 

Cut the iilfnt angel hnnhed thea, 

Maiijr weAi7 jeara agone ; 
Yrt an ecbo, *miMig Its archea, 

St^ni«*th itill to linger oo. 
And. an now within it« ahadow 

1 an twitting all aIoiie« 
>1'<wt the rifer down benr«th me. 

With a rad and reaAeIe«a n»oaa, 
A* if grieving for the loat onea,-* 

Tliejr who licteiMd long ago, 
I/^uin»; from the narrow window, 

Tu the li;;bt wave«* lolling low. 

An>l the i>1ni tree^, rwaying aoftlj, 

l^et their tha'lowjr diiune^e fall 
f*r on in tiie frowning colnmna, ■ 

Aul jUoqj; th«^ darkened wall ; 
L'k^ tbf ii||}»d'»w« w hich hare drifted 

Ir.itii the <le«th-4Uinpa of the tomb, 
^^r<i}>)i.nie np luy glad yonng Hpirit * 

lo the wantlv of their gloi>m. 

An<l the gulden flngtTed ■nnbeamt, 

^iftiug thmntch tbe broken roof^ 
Vt-a^e uiMin the du«ty flooring. 

Here and there, their •himniering woof; 
^ niing like the golden rl^ta, 

Wh'-re my hopen re|io»^d aecnre, 
^l'?o t!te dew «it lif«'*a yonng momlnf 

Oa ray tieart lay fre^b and pure/ 

N •», thungb year* hare swept me onward, 

l*>'vu the hurrying tide of time, 
Ltvviu;; rhildh^M) far h«<hind me 

Likr a ple^^ant matin chime; 
Th, from y<»alh*a deserted gardena, 

I sni ratberiog np tbe flower* 
Wh.»»a vwHet fhigrano float«th to ••,* 

CbMrtibg all the langnld hoori. 

Tor a)3in the shining |»ag«t4 

Of the lung-forgo«te« final, 
Ploate before me with no 

O'er ite annny earfeev 
I (orget the many graTi 

Whieh lie dark and t*A4 bHwvea; 
For the ailTor lining, only. 

Of the trvwning rlood k eeea. 

With the aun-light rwand ahont mn, 

Briglit nod glad as long a|ea, 
And tlie river down l4»neath ma, 

With its anft routhinoaa flow,— 
With the tdd fiuniliar plaree 

All altuut me etery mher*,^ 
Come apiiu the pleaaani facet 

Tliat made vaHb so bright and fair; 
And. a*> then, fch |ia««iug tlundlet 

Peeuie to «««r a gidden edge,- 
As 1 mM«e «ithin the »hadi>wa 

railing from the dear old hrldgn. 


nr cMiLr ». rioB. 

Mxhcl. with the early boon, 
tiatluTed morning's dewy flowen; 
MaWI, In tlie growing day. 
With her treasures Irippsd awsj. 

Ihincing through the shadow deep. 
O'er the wild and down the steep^ 
Chaeetl by many an elfl»h l» 
On and on her footsteps gl« 




> • 

I . 


i * 

In the plea<«ant meadow, too^ 
Slaking fiaths al^ng the dew. 
Twin f«<et patter up and d«iwn,^ 
Little fet^, su l«re and bro«rm. 

Soon the river by her flows, 
Sint^ing, ringing, as It goes; 
And tbe maiden lirnds to traon 
In tlie bine her dimpled fac*. 

DimneAs o'^r tbe mirror steali^ 
As a ripple's tiny whe«ls 
Br«Mid«9U till the circles wide . 
Kiss the shore on either side. 

Born of but n fkllen leaf 
From fair MaWt's flowery shea;^ 
Whirl (he ripplea, laughing by, 
Drifting downward, till they di«u 

But, far down tlie soAny stream, 
Malwl see* the WflH gleam ; 
Fhiaiing, like tbe foam on wlno. 
Through the shadow and the ahlnew 

And the maiden langha, and flings 
Blossoms from her garland rinfi; 
VTatching as each starry spraj 
On the wave Is home away. 

run she scatters,— IIIIm white, 
Pathing all tbe iitre^m with light,— 
ransi<« wild, with dreamy eyea. 
And eioleu blae ae April akiea. 

6tHI she sratters. tltl, agleam. 
All her flowers are on the stream | 
And she laa|fhs to see how swift 
Down the tide the hlotsoma drift I 


: •! 




! ; 


• I 


B«l a invui«ut« mhI tiMiy grww 
INntiuer, dininier, m tli<>7 go; 
lU4l lb« WAler'a r««Mrl««« flijcbt 
B««rt tbMB fh>m b«r wunderinc ■Ifht I 

M'brrv thry v«ui«lie«l d^iwn lb* Um,— 
L(Mt in dUUnc* to l^r tI«w, 
Mttl'el look*, I'ttt only mm 
SiMtlowc floAtlng from t)f inml 

>Ubel call*, and bid* ib« wato 
Briug a^nMU tb« llowcri «b« g«v«t 
U»bel we«i)i« — bat tvars nor sriof 
Oito b«r back ber fluwvry abMf. 

TH nbo wMpM aod calf* ;— bat back. 
Up Ibv rivar*M »ilver track, 
A« lb« ulrtMui k«*cp« ou and on, 
Cuoi«« lb* bauutiug ecbo— ^^ofM. 

Life, juong life, U cruwuM witb flowera, 
In its «Mirly uiorning buara. 
Yet we Uuxh aud ligbtly slug 
A* witb lavisb liaud we fling, 

( M'bile our hrtarl* kt^|i rarvIcM cbime). 
On tlirVbirllng tide of time. 
All tbeir b«ituty, freftb and brigbt, 
To lt« waftod from onr algbt I 

Then we rail ; but wa«t*^ boura, 
Uke fnir Matter* ncattert^l flowera, 
Only ring a uiuuruful knell, 
Aa fadf* tbe ripple where tbey fell. 

Thro we werp; but uev«*r back 
To our yuutb'e de«erted track 
Can we gailier life> sweet flowen, 
Scattered in it* inomtng hoortl 



Langhini:, down the luUty Talleyi 

Wliere the morninK faintly fall*, 
Oo the e^twrra, in file** Spriu|c*tima, 

Scattt'rint; whtTe the *pirit call*. 
But, while yet the dew i* wi««-ping 

From the fli>wcr* alout; the way. 
They are pauaini;— *|»ent with labor, 

Ere the n<H)n*tide of the dny. 
Be iHit weary, Fpring-tiine tower*. 

Throng the valley** letel tweep,— 
If ya lie but faithful duera. 

In tha Autumn ye vhall reap. 

VThen the hearenward lark uprMng 

On the air her matin learea, 
lu lift*** lield vwart liaud* are busy. 

Binding up the golden vheaTca. 
Up and up tiie «uo i* climtUng, 

And tbe day i;rowi« faint with boat. 
And along the harTvi>t menduva 

Valt«*rinK ^1 the raaf^r** fipeC 
Be i>ol wrary, sturdy gutherera 

Of the full aud pddfn'*tur*; 
In the aeaaon that i« coming 

Te can sow nor reap, no nior#. 

Ta who keep on Klon** monntahi 
VTatch, to tell «• of tha night ; 

Who. In Truth** vktorion* army, 
Battia brarely U*r tba right; 

Te who sUnd on life** proud •ummit, 
Wbaaca yonr way Iim down mud down, 

*Mong tba Btkadow* of th^ valley 
Where Earth** empty echoM drown; 

Te who *truggla,— ya who *nffer. 
Be not WMry doing good; 

Te *hall wMr the *hiuing garmanta 
That are fitting angHhood. 


BT XlSfl M. M. KICMOUL* . 

Braintroe is situated in tbe S. W. part of 
Orange County, lat. 43« 58', long. 4<> 19' W. 
— bounded N. by Roxbury and Brook fieU, E. 
by Randolpb. S. by Roclieslor, and W. by 
Granville, and originally coutained an arti 
of 36 square miles. The surface of the laal 
is uneven, there being several eininmt-i 
which have received different name:*. v;l 
Belcher Hill, in the northern part of th« 
town, so called frotn its former owner. Samu- 
el Belcher; Nevina' Hill, named from .\\\:\ 
Ncvins, who formerly lived at it« ba>^ a'w 
in the northern part of the town, and whi b 
is the highest point : fouth of those. Oik 
Hill, named from tlie oaks growing uj'on it: 
and. about the center of the town, quite aa 
eminence which the surveyors callt-d Q:i- 
ker Hill, because hero tlicy ale diun^^r with 
their hats on. Also, in the west of the town, 
a range of mountains known as the n.>:l'4- 
ter and Granville Range. The timber is lai- 
pie. beech, hemlock, spruce, Ac. 

The third branch of White River 0'^w« 
through the western p.irt of the town-1 .]. 
Ayers' and Mill brooks water the ea-Jtcrn •, : 
tion, and. a little north of the center of ::* 
town, is Mud pond, which covers more ir.»3 
100 acres, abounding in trout. There i^ a'^ 
a pretty n.itural curiosity in this towa,.;--* 
mile north of the Center meetinghoa=e. " »• 
is a remarkable rocking-slono, of mic* f'^'^ 
highly metamorphosed with sprinkling'' "• 
granite and numerous veins of quartz run-' : 
through it It is 49 feet in circumfoft a v. '.i 
} feet long, and 7 f*»et high, and is ?o n: .• 
poised as to enable a man to rock it wii^* -^ 
hand." (See Hager's Geology of Wrin i'. • 
This town was not inhabited by the In i:»-* 
at the time of ita settlement. Deer, b ^r*. 
wolves and other wild animals, roam' 1 -=• 
molested through the forest, and besr* *"< 

• It *honld ha tUtad. on accoant of the If*"'? '^ 
thU hli.tory. that another had aiigagad to rM-*^ 'j 
and, failing to so d^ iiUa. Nlchol* wa« oiilj h..**^ 
whon Iha tlma for colloeUng and writing ont lU* "^ ^ 
of tba tova waa wall nigh ymgL^Ed, 



V. I occ:u<iooiillj found — ft dam and her two 
c,il'< I'fin^ kilWd only 3 yean ago, a litUe 
c^i of Kevins' HilL 


Br.iintre« was granted October, 1780, and 
r]iirt-r»^ Aug. !, 1781, by Governor Chitten- 
da. 10 Jiu ob Sp*'ar, Levi Davis and their a»- 
fco.i.i;«r«. «»5 in number, niost of whom were 
r.-il a:» of oM Bmintrtje and Sutton, Mass.: 
h'^ne the town received the name of Brain- 

nrnirT from thr cn.\RTER or rraihtbee. 

•• \\V 'lo l»y th«^^e pre^'^nt'* in tho name and 
ir t'j- a'.itliorily of the freeinen of th«» State 
o: V- r :u>nl. give an<l prnnt the trsct of land 
Ir :..irt.-r «k"i\'riUc<i and l»'»und«d. unto the 
f.i ! ].n-')h Sj'^ar, Levi l».»vi« and their a«- 
fM!'-. a< f«ill«)\v*. viz.. .Tam»'^ Hr.K'kett, 
I*^-. :1 ll(»li>ro»k, St"]«li«n Potiniinan. Kbene- 
7 r r.r.vkui. ^amupl Bra-kelt. Job Braokett. 
i% .111 Ne\%comb. Wiliiam Bravkott. Joseph 
};, AvU, .hweph All'-n. V,h"\n7A'T Weston, 
I-n- Nile*. Samuel Sp»ar, Henry Brackett. 
J.p.'^ lirarkelt. Jr.. I'liarle* Braokt-tt. Eli 
11 »'. 1- n. li-uK.'n r<».it«-s. Josoj»h Hulet. Isaac 
J*: ir, Jr.. Samuel Sj-^ir. Jr., Jo-teph' Spear, 
JiM»« Ilollirook. Jouaihan ilolbrook. Na- 
T.i'i I.-»nird, Kj»hraimAValf<, Tliornas Wales. 
J-r ;.l Wait*. Mo^.M, Ilolhrook, Caleb Hol- 
)! "k iVnjamin llaylcn. iV'niamin Hayden, 
Z •^.l Ilaydt-n. Th«»:nas !!ay«l«'n, Ezra 
TlioMias <M»it!.-ni'-n. William Ward, 





r),ivi«, Epiirann Mann, I^cnjamin 

T'joinas hrni'li. N.itlianiel Spear, 

'. 11 >; ir. K'lwari rutnam. Peter Putnam. 

.^iir Av r.Ili')t. Jolin Elliot. Jotjatliun Woo-i- 

^ .-y Ar.'li-lH»i« rutnam. Jo'm King. John 

f/.'. tiM. Ill ul).»n Davi-J. liartlioloincw Hotch- 

'"; • .. I'inatlian Ilolinan, ."^amuel Harwood. 

^^ .ii'ii Kii:;z. Tljojuaj* Harbaok, Edward 

^ IV V D.mitl Holinan, Elijah <jalu.«lia, Noalj 

'^' '•: nl-n and William Emerson : which to- 

^ ' T with the five following rii;ht« reserved 

i' ir.»»"veral u*es in the manner following, 

»• . 1- the whole of paid township: 

' •:.- r..»ht for the u-'c of a Seminary or Col- 

: < >iie ri^ht for the u«»e of County Grain- 

'-i' .*sh>ol in thi« Stat<>. Lands to the 

; *• ':r.t of one right to he and remain forset- 

'' -r.t of a mini.vter and ministers of the 

^"\^l in >^aid to'.vn^liip forever. Lands to 

' - •::. "int of one rigl'it for the support of 

• ' Y**l Worship of (lod in said township. 
•\": '..t!i.l^ to tlie amount of one right for the 

• *'!,-''• of an Enj'isli school or schools in 

1 1. 


• fir.-t proprietors' meeting, of which 
'•- • i-* any record, was held at Brookline, 
\ ^'^^. Aug. 6, 1783 : '• According to an ad- 
1 ^**-'TJKnl in public print in order to form 
I '- ' a Udy for the puriK)se of settling the 
; ' ^-^n'of Braintree, Vt."— Jamen Brackett 
**' '^^ ted moderator, David Holbrook, pro- 

prietors* clerk, and Jacob Spear and Jona. 
Holmaa, a committea to lay oat tha rigbta ia 
•aid township. Voted, this committee should 
be 'allowed 4 shillings and six penca per day 
for each of them, they finding their ow» 
horses. Votad to raise 18s. on each singla 
right to defray the eipensea of laying oat said 

The town was laid oat in threa divisiont. 
The town was surveyed by Eboneier Wateit 
and hit assistants, Jona. Ilolman, SamsoA 
Nichols and Jacob Spear. 

Nov. 10. 1824. ten loU from the 8. W. cor^ 
ner of the town were anneied by the legisla- 
ture to Rochester. The first proprietors* meet- 
ing held in the town was Sept 19, 1786; in 
which they made choice of James Brackett, 
chairman ; Elijah French, clerk; Jacob Spear, 
treasurer ; Sam«on Nichols, collector. 

Tlie rocks and stones of the town ara very 
different in the different sections. In tha 
northern part, a vein of the serpentine mar- 
ble ; in the ea»t, clay, slate and limestone : 
a vein a little more than half a mile in width, 
through the middle of the town from north 
to south, is granite ; in the western part, ial- 
cose, schl«t and gold in alluvium is found.^- 
Hematite is also found in several places. 

In the summer of ISoS. while breaking ap 
a piece of land, Doa. J. S. Nichols upturned 
four teeth of some mammoth animal — two 
double and two front — being mora than foar 
inches long and one wide. 

According to tradition, in tha year 1755, 
James Ayers, a deserter of New England, 
acting as guide to the French and Indiana 
was taken in this town and hang near tbt 
stream which has since borne the nama of 
Ayers* Brook. 

The first settlement was made in Febrnary, 
1785. Silas Flint, with his family consisting 
of his wife and-five children : four sons, Asa- 
hel, Phineas. Rnfus and Silas, and one daugh- 
ter, afterward the wife of Nathaniel Hutch- 
inson. Mr. Flint was a native of Hampton, 
Ct. He settled in the ea«t part of the town, 
and to his wife the proprietors voted to giva 
100 acres of land, she being the first woman 
who entered the town. Among the early set- 
tlers (the first 10 years) were Jacob Spear, 
William Ford, Henry Brackett, Solomon Hol- 
maa. Stephen Faller and Sam'l Spear, who 
settled on the Branch. On the hill wera 
Samson Nichols, Isaac Nichols, Elijah French, 
Ebcneier White, Samael Harwood, Samnal 




t- ■ 
»• . 

■ a • 

:» , ■ 
♦• . . 


■• -I 

t * 

, 1 . 
* •\ 








-- * 




Bans, Nathaniel Spear and Reuben Partridge. 
In t)i« east part were James Kinnej, and 
Nathaniel and John Hatch inton. 


The 6r»t chopping was done in 1778, bj 
Renben Spaulding of Rozbury, near where 
the Vermont Central Rail Road passes, in 

1779. The charier petitioned for — the per 
titioners for Roxbury, North field and Brain - 
tree being the same. 

1784. The proprietors Toted to give Mr. 
James Brackett the 133d right, provided he 
would build a mill on the same within one 
year. This mill was built op the Branch 
near where Ira Ford now lives. 

1785. First wheat raided by Silas Flint 
and Samuel Bass. June 2d, Hiram Basit, fir^t 
child born in town and received the gift of 
100 acres of land from the proj>rietors, upon 
which he lived until his doath, Sept. 6, 1SC.8. 

Prior to 1788, first framed house built by 
Henry Brackett, and is «iow Funding, occu- 
pied by Col. Rufus Hutchinson. 

1788. April 7th, fir»t town meeting held, 
at the hou^e of Henry Braclvett : A?a Edger- 
ton, of Randolph, a county juslici', moderator, 
Elijah French, elected town-ch-rk and treas- 
urer. The first scliool was al?o taught in this 
year, by Samson Nichols, in a log-house built 
by John King, on what is now called the 
Kidder lot • 

17S9. March 10th, Elijah French, choFen 
first justice, and a vote taken to build the first 
oridge over the Branch, near where Levi 
Spear now lives. Jacob Spear, Stej^hen Ful- 
ler and Eben White were appointed commit- 
tee to superintend the building of said bridge. 
" Voted to raise 20£ to build said bridge, to 
be paid in wheat at 5s., rye at 4s., and Indian 
corn at 3s. per bushel : or work it out at 4s. per 
day, boarding themselves." * 

" September, this year, in town-meeting, 
voted, that notifications for town-meetingt> be 
put up at Mr. Henry Brack ett's house, and 
also on a beech tree at the S. E. corner of 
Lot No. 16, in the 1st division.'* 

1790. January 7th, first marriage; Asahel 
Flint and Bet«ey King, by Elijah French, jus- 
tice of the peace. Feb. 4th, first death, that 
of Nathan Kinney, aged 39 years. 

The t^wn was divided this year into three 
school districts. There are 13 school districts 
now in town (1869) and 272 scholars between 
4 Md 18. 

1791. March 27th, Isaac Nichols, the first 
representative elected. 

Voted to give a bounty of sixpence on eo^h 
apple-tree that shall be transplanted into ta 
orchard : no bounty to be given for lew thaa 
25, or more than 100 treea. 

1793. Nathaniel Spear erected mill« oa 
mill-brook. 1793 or *94, the first schoolliOQM 
built near where the Congregational hoii^ 
now stands, a vote being taken to make it tba 
place for holding the annual town mcttin::*. 

1794. Dr. Ithamer Tilden, first physician, 
moved in about this time. 

1 795. First store kept by Col. John French. 
1799. Aug. 14th, the first religious soci- 
ety organized. Congregational. 

1S14. Mills built on Ayer*s brook. 

1S35. First jmst-offioe established- L. ?. 
Goodno, P. M. This office was first <$\vu- 
lished in the village now called Poth, an! 
called Braiutree P. O. It was afterward re- 
moved to East Braintrc-e, otherwise knowa 
as Snowsville. 

There is no record at the jx>5t-offio* •« ul*-a 
they were establislie^l, or any lin of P. lU. 
There must have been one e^tablishe-l al* ':t 
that time, if not b* fore, at the Branch, in tie 
we5t part of the t^^wn. 

The firFt lawyer, Robins Denfmore, alvj; 
the vear 1835. 

18»i9. Oct. 1st, Rev. Amini Nichol?, s:-l 
SS years, and Capt. Samuel Hamo'»d, nc-.i 
91 j'ears. are the only survivors of the on^.ti- 
al settlers. 

31 K. S.VKTEL B.\HS 

moved from Brainlree, Mas.*., ii tl.o y-i" 
17S5. He stttlt-d a liitle e;v<t uf Quakt r li.' 
and erected a commodious dwfUing wlii I -i 
now standing and occupird by Apollo*;. 
having undergone extensive repairs. llJ 
family conj^istfl of G boys and 3 girl*. v:z. 
William, Mo.'es.Sammd, Peter, Solh an-l HriS 
who was the fir>t child born in town, I'"**'." 
Sarah and Anna. All but Samuel an-l >*; *^^ 
have lived in town. Tliere are now li^*- 
Belsey.the wifeof Capt.Sam'l Harw<>"i. A:'-* 
the wife of Joseph Flint and Sarah the «; • ' 
of Micali Mann ; Mo-es was the '* O'l 1 ":**'• '• 
the family and it is stated that he wa* r.- •••' 
known to give a direct an.'<wer by ye.< o: '> 
to any question whatever. Two men l^' * 
bet that they could ask him a que>ii<'n i-^ 
get an answer by yes or no, accord in i:ly i- *.' 
repaired to his house and finding him n **• 
ing preparations for butchering, propouoitJ 

! ; 




^l. f. .ilowin^ quwlJon : •• Ar« yoa going lo kill 
vtvjr ho^ to-dmy ?*' to which he replied ** Tt* 
' ui to catch *eni firPt." Thit it only m •»»• 
; 1*. of lii» eccentricity. All of hit father'f 
:.irj€ family h»ve lived to an advmneed »ge. 
f .::nucl Ba^^s And his wife Elizabeth were two 
of thf ^'ig'it ongioal mcmben of the Congre- 
raiional church. He received the appoint- 
ir..ut of deacon, which title mnd office he 
r. uiotnl till death. 


f. rr.)« rly of Brainlree. Ma**., came into town 
iz •JI^.• Vf^tr 1?*K); in 1793, erected mills on 
<'^j,:'s br(x»k; wan a prominent raan among 
lie e-*rly fcttleri; of % very inde]>cndent 
s; nt. aQ*l, on the whole, rather ercf ntric 

II i« rtlnted of him that being obligt'd to 
p t ) B i-ton for hi» annual supplies, he drove 
: >:*'i r a bon»c and an ox. When he returned 
L- w.i* a-ke-l, "Well, Mr. Spear, what did the 
:•• • !<- uf lioton think of you to appear thu« 

ir.vinj vour bor-*** and ox toi»»*lher ?'* To 

\r J 'j h*.' rt-plie^J, "Why, I was the admiration 
, f , V rv \vi-c» m.^n, and the ^port of even* 
f 1." Trobably, anion;; the early M«ttlc.r< ol 
v." hwn none of tlieir post^^rity have ama^'^ned 
»i!.:u h M'lalib a.« have the descendants of 
Vr. .Vatlianiel Spear. 


1'. \hv vear 1S12 Jeremiah Snow came in- 


:* U'.ra to attend the mill of Natbani«l 
i'. tr. Afi*r being there 2 ycar^, he moved 
.'*- rl.o norib ea«tern part of the town, on 
A : - l.r-x^k ; and, in l.*>l I. built a eaw-mill 
t: . jr>i injil on that fflream. 
^' -rv .'^t«pb«'n and S'lah Benton a1}K)«et- 

* . • • >. Tl»e site b*-in>i favorabl»» for build 

. .. >«•. w^-re put up, and in 1840 ibe lim- 

• »*1 I'oun U wore e>labljpbed. giving tlie 
• :• il.f name «»f .Sno\V!*ville. from Jeremiah 

^ .^. \v!io lived there formerlv. It ba<, at 
;• ■:.!. a Kiore, the Brainlree po«t-oJfice, a 


• '. :...:! and hotel, — Nathaniel Hutvhni<on. 
■ •■ <>n-i male cliild born in town, b»'ing 

." . • r, — pHveral mechanic.'*' shops, and a 
- .:< -'Louse, built in 1852. 


A ".>:'« (x^i of the center of the town, on 
. ^; -i'V Irook is quite a collection of houses*, 


• M r» trmfflc wm th^re c*rrled on, at that tim*, than 
■'■*'-j <.rh.^ t/iwn In th» Tirlnlly; alio, on th» llr«t 
■»»'•' N ^*nWr, It wan tli« ctwlom «if the p4Htplf> to 

• *^ *ll ihrif evtra pmdnr« thera and drlra th^lr 
i '* ' &. ("T tb« pnrpoM ol aettllng tha drbta a«crn«4 

• -''aj Uk« 3r«ar. 

which place has rec«*iTed the nniver^al appel* 
latioD of Peth. This name was given m a 
retort to a ftadeni from that place, calling 
him the peth of the town. There were for- 
merly on this brook 2 ^aw-mills and a grist- 
mill, bnilt by Nathaniel Spear in 1T?>3. dorer- 
mill, clothing works, ibe. A P. O. was estab- 
lished here io 1835, called Braintree. At 
present there is a saw- mill and mechanicV 
sho]ts, a chemical cabinet. Ac. 

The peopla who fettled in the northern 
portion of the town were mostly from Con- 
necticut : hence that part it now called Co>- 



Elijah French from 1788 to 1799; John 
French, 17lH>— 1S07; Jonathan Baw, 1M)7— 
isrn»; Ammi Nichols. 1809— 1847; John a 
Nichols sinca 1?47. 


baac Nichols, 1791, 1792, *94. *98 ; John 
French. 1793—1797; John Hutchinson. 17T»9, 
ISOI— -04, W— 'OS. '10, '11. '17. '22. "21; 
If^ac Nicbol'*, Jr., 1800, *3«]; Lyman Kidder, 
lSOr», •12-14. Mrt, '19, '20. •2t5; Jonathan 
Ba«M. 18(>9. ''J9; William Ford, Jr., 1S15, '18, 
'21, '23. '25. '28: llufus Hutcbini-on, 1S27, 
S«ih Hiford. 1^:W). '31; Paniel Waiie, Jr. 
IS32, '33; N.iHui'1 Ifarwoo.!. 1831. '35; Eli- 
jah Flint, 1S37, '42, '53. '51; Charlei* Brack- 
ett, 183H. '40; John Waite. 1839. '(;0. '61, 
Jab^r Smith, 1«41 ; Ira Kidder, 1813. '44; 
Joseph Uifurd. IS 15, *50; John S. Nioholt. 
181S,'49; Whitman Howard, 1851, '52; Av#- 
ry Fittj«, 1855. '5«5; Ira Mann, 18r»2, '«3 ; Ja- 
cob A. Spear, IMM, 'G5; J. f. Cleveland, 
18^,6, '07; William C. Holman. ISGS, '69. 


Edwin Flint, now in La^ro'se, Wis., chief 
juftice; Jeffer.'*on P. Kidder, Robins Dens- 
more, John B. lIutcbin«on. S. Minot Flint, 
Hiram Sp^ar, Alvin Barry. W. H. Nichola, 
S. G. P. Craig, died in Louisiana, (see mili- 
tary record.) and B. F. Chamberlain, all of 
whom were natives of the town with the ex- 
ception of E!>4S. D^n^more and Chamberlain. 


Dr. Ithamer Tildeu, Dr. Joseph Dubois, Dr. 
George Weld. Dr. Samuel Tliayer, Dr. 8. W. 
Tliayer, of Burlington, a native of this town ; 
Dr«.Sam'l Craig. B. F. Rickard, H. D. Hodgn. 
D. D. Davis ; L. A E. Parmalee. denti<>t8. 


Jeremiah Flint. W. H. Nichols, Edward 
Randall and Elbridge Gerry, of Middlebnry 

f . 


I . 






/ t 

. 3- ^ 


*- "^* 



< . 

College; Edwin Flint, Washington Tratt, 
John B. Hutchinson and Allen Weld, of 
the Vermont CJniversitj (Barlington); John 
Baicbinson, Dartmouth; A. M. KichoU. Hud- 
son, Ohio; Ludovicua Parmalee, Joseph Hun- 
tington and Jad«on Huntington, unknown. 


Judson Huntington, now in Washington, 
D. C, Joseph Huntington, deceased, Jonathan 
Tilson, now of llinf^ham, Mass., Ludovicus 
Partoalee, now of New York City, Baptist ; 
Lazarus Riford, now of Chester, Vt., Christ- 
ian; Elbridge Gerry, now of Portland, Ore- 
gon, Congregaiionai ; Edward Randall, now 
of Massachusetts, Episcopcd; David Co}>eland, 
John Copeland, Edmund Copeland and An- 
drew Copeland, MdhodisL 


Elijah Huntington, Blood, Arn- 
old, Robinson, Hiram Hodge, Geo. S. 

Chase, S. Woodbury, (now on the Branch,) 
Baptist; Elias Cobb, Christopher W. Martin, 
Leonard Wheeler, Christian; Aaron Cleve- 
land, Ammi Nichols, Jeremiah Flint, El- 
bridge Knight, J. B. Griswold, Congregation- 
al;* Jeremiah Snow, Jehiel Austin, Leonard 
Austin, Methodist. 

* Among oiM of the eitrly ronKr«>giitlon«1i«t lulninteri' 
of OrlcaTtft OtMinl J tliM prcmrlit^l bIpo In Itmintri'^ van a 
RcT. Mr. IUw«nn. From • fni|cm<'nt of an old JournNi 
in the po«M*H^ion of his fun, ^itor of the ** Yruiiian** 
Record.** mhilc piiMithed at ]ra«hnrf;h — ve liare thin 
brief aeconnt of UiU early mini«trr in Draintree: 

Sept 2A, 1S13. Preparing for Joomej ; took 6 dollan 
and 2 cents. 

Sept. 22. Slept at Maaon*a in Umo— El^ah rery good 
81e)it welL 

2.1*1. Lodged lo Chartentoii. 

94tb. Braakfaet at We«lmln»t«r; dintd at Brattle- 

20lh. DreakfA^t in Oranga. . . to Darre little he 
f«Tre nii;ht. Spent Sabbath, Ur. Stone** ; beard Mr. 
TlioropMin, from P«. SS. 

27th. Mr. Stone carried ma to Mr. Fi»k*s, N. Braln- 
tre«*, and to Mr. Warner**; »taid all night. 

2<th, rode to Worcester, Mr. Taylor's. 

SOih, cold storm, at Br. Claflins. 

Oct. 1st. Cloody, rode with Col^— ^ to IIopklDtoo 
Ibnnd all well. 

Dec. lltb, 181X Saturday eTa,raad a senaoa from 


L thore are legal hypocrites. 2. and basa, design- 
ing ones. 9. there are close painted hypocrites, who 
Bot only decelT* others Imt themselTss. 1st, a rsllg^ 
looi edoeatioa will tend to deceive. 2d, lights and 
knowledge as to the doctrines of the gospt4 and w^ of 
salvation. Sd, gifts for ediflratlon of others. 

Mr. Rawson, his son. has also five mss. sermons of 
bis fiif her more appropriate lor ths puMkatloos of the 
VanaoBi Oongregallotml llistory or ** OongregatleiMl 


LXEUTE5A5T Gov£R50E. Jefferson p. Ki^ 
der, 1852 and *53: removed from Braintn 
to Randolph, afterward to Minnesota, an 
then to Dacota, and was there elected chie 

Sevators. Jefferson P. Kidder, 1847, *4! 
J. B. Hutchinson. 1851, *52, '57, 'G4, '65 : wj 
born in Braintree, removed to West Rjidc 
olph, was a successful practitioner of law 2 
that place until his death. (Randolph h\?\( 
ry should mention him.) John Waite, l^. 
'55; James Hutchinson, Jr. 1868, *69. 

AssisTAKT Judges. Ira Kidder, 1850; Joh 
Waite, 1852, '53. '58, '59; James Hutchin^oi 
Jr., 1864, '65. 

State's Attorset. S. Minot Flint fro: 
1853 to '55. 

Judge of Probate. Randolph Diftric 
J. B. Hutchinson from 1853 to '55. 

High Bailiff. James P. Cleveland, Jr 
1862, '63. 

Sberiff. James P. Cleveland, Jr., l^^r 
and '67. 


1791,221; 1^00.531; 1810,850; l^r 
lOr.3; 1830,1209; 1840,1332; 1850. !::> 
18G0, 1228. 


The first Congregational sermon prc.ic'^ 
in town was by Elijah Brainard. of li*: 
dolph. at the house of Samson XichoU in :• 
year 17S8. The church was organized I' 
25, 1794, and consi-^ted of the following r.-^ 
hers : Isaac Nichols, Dorcas Kichols, Sa *:.•:'! 
Bass, Elizabeth Bass, Reuben Partridge*. Mrr 
Partridge, Silas Cobum and Esther Co'ci 

August 22, 1801, Isaac Nichols and S^:..- : 
Bass were chosen deacons; March, 1>01, l ' 
Aaron Cleveland was ordained p.^'^to^; A?' 
22, 1802, dismissed. In May, 1S02, A- : 
Nichols united with the church, and in 1* * 
Sept. 23, was ordained as pastor, and c< -' - 
ued till March 23, 1847, since which i '• 
there has been no settled pastor. 

1810, February. Samson Nichols wa< c?.*^ - 
deacon ; in 1^27, Oct. 19, Abner Nichols 1*- 

Oct 19, Augustus Flint; 1822, «^>^ 

Randall; 1835. Aug. 2, Oilman Vo^ »-• 
1849, May 25. John S. Nichols. 

Qaarterlj," than for our work, and of whkh ih* '•^' 
Rer. r. U. While Niys, -I haTS examined !»»"» •- 
Interent. The tenifwranre sermon ieof Piw^i«l *>••' ' * 
value, ahowing. aa it does, the aUte of minirtrr.«! ^V 
loo oa tb«l aolflect lorlj years a^fo,* 



» . 




The fir>i mMtiog-bouM, (tb* framo wal 
errt-tiil about lb03) and it wm completed and 
ar]»c-tr4 Sept 23, 1807. 

In lM<),th« old me«tiog*boQM being inocb 
C.a] iJ4t<4, waa taken down and a new one 
b^i/^ oD the tame s it«, and if visible from tev- 
cr.ii ihiTcrent towns. There bave been in all 
SiO luciubcm. The prt^ent number ii 41, fuar 
of whom are non-reMdenta. From 184G to 
1^0J :he churcb was supplied by the folio w- 
iLg laioisters : James Hobart, Truman Per- 
riQ. Geo. Buit^rfield, Elbridge Koigbt, A. S. 
Swu'i. In 1SD3 Rev. Ammi Nichols returned, 
iince whicb time, except 2 years, supplied by 
Mr. J. B. Griswold. Mr. Nichols bas been pastor, though at present they are 
witLaut preaching. 


the mother of Rev. Ammi Nichols, one of the 
orv'iniil members of the churcb, lived in town 
QL'.il the time of her death, which occurred 
13 1^41, at the advanced age of 104 yrs. 10 
ui:/«. and 20 days. 

H-r ceaiury sermon was preached July 18, 
i'J .. hy Rev. Daniel Wild of Brookfield, at 
vilyh tiiac she retained her mental faculties 
Ij a ;e:nirkable d«'gree. She was a woman 
::'u:ia>ual amiability and a devott^ Christian. 


wl« born in KoyaUton, Msss, Aug. 10, 1781, 

• a of i^aa*' and Dorcaa (Sibley) Nichols, na- 
'.:.'< of Sutton, Mass., the youngest of ten 

In the Winter of 1787, his parents 
r ::.ov*-i to Bethel, Vt, and the following 
t ;»• r came to Braintree. In those early 
1.1;-. alwjut the second or third year after he 
'*^-: into town, there was great scarcity of 
'•' i. on account of early frosts during the 
-L.rr.tT of the following year, from July till 

• .r uhvil harvest, people felt hunger as nev- 
'-' t-' ' Tf, as related in his own words : 

' during the months of July and August 
-7 ' lUr brothers were hired out in Bethel 
•-i -ther towns to obtain provisions for the 
:*• ..y. None but my father, mother and 
- • .f were at home. My parents foresaw 

• *•• m A ft-w days we mui^t be without food 
'• *t.y kind, unless something could be ob- 
'".-i fr.»m abroad; accordingly my father 

; "^ ' • f han'lolph in quest of food.. He was 

*' '-- !t\o days before he could obtain food of 

, ^- Kiai. At la««t, out of a scanty allowance 

; ■ •-« own Urge family. Mr. Jonah Wai^h- 

^-a Ui bim bavo three pecka of wheats 

which bt brought home jnst mt night on hit 
shooldera. In the morning of the same day 
my mother and I had eaten the last morsel 
in the honse, and a scanty meal at that. 

About noon with tears in my eyes, I said 
to my mother. I am hungry and am afraid 
we shall all starre. My mother's reply was. 
Oh no, I gness not I hope your father will 
come home to-day and bring ns something to 
eat With a cheerful smile she added, Ammi, 
go down cellar and look around, yon may 
find a potato. I went, and at length fonnd 
the half of a Urge potato and returned with 
a light heart to my mother, who pnt it in tlit 
coals to roast When done, I took it out 
broke it open and said, mother yon take hall 
She replied. Oh no my child, I can do well 
enough without any. This refusal occasioned 
a fresh gush of tears, for I felt it would add 
nothing to my comfort to live longer thai 
she did. To save all the nourishment in the 
wheat which my father brought home, it was 
boiled and eaten in milk. This was our prin* 
cipal food till barlvy was raised. Untold 
privations fell to our lot for a number of 
years after, but nothing so extremely trying 
as above narrated.*' 

At eleven ytfan of age, by a billions fever, 
he lost partly the use of the ri^ht limbs. .He 
attended district schools, such as they were, 
a part of the time till 18 years of age ; taught 
2 years both sumia^r and winter ; united with 
the church at the age of 21 ; commenced study* 
ing for the ministry with Elijah Lyman, of 
Brookfield : remained with him three months ; 
next, for about two montbe, with Tilton East- 
man, of Randolph ; then, with the exception 
of three months each winter, spent in teach- 
ing with Stephen Fuller, of Vershire for 2 
years, studied theology with Asa Burton. D. 
D.. of Thetford, a little more than a year.— 
These )irivileges constituted all the training 
for the ministry. lie was licensed to preach 
by the Orange Association Jan. 9, 1805 ; but 
not satisfied with his qualifications, went to 
Weymouth. Mass.. and studied with Rev. Mr. 
Norton, pastor of the church at that place, 
and was employed by the church in Old Brain- 
tree to preaeh on the Sabbath ; taught school 
and preached about 8 months, and was then 
appointed missionary by the Massachusetts 
Missionary Society and assigned Vermont 
and northern New York; spent 6 months 
in Elizabeth town, Plattsburg, Ogdensburg, 
Black river near Sackctt's Uarbor« Madrid. 

.) * 


r I 

• I' 





N. Y.. and Surksboro*. Vt, The country 
being ever «o sparsely settled, be often trav- 
elled 12 miles without finding a human habi- 
tation, and in one case 15 miles. Arrived at 
Braintree in December, preached on probation 
till ordained Sept 23, 1807. Married Oct. 
15, 1807. Eunice Bill, of Chaplin, Ct. who 
died May 16, 1801. In 1809 was appointed 
town clerk, which office he held till 1847. — 
He preached at Warren, Rozbury, Barnard 
and Wt^t Randolph at different times ; one 
Sabhatu i^er month at Bethel every fourth 
Sabbath for 3 years in succession, besides 
being pastor of thi^ church. He also per- 
fv>rmod a miM>ion under direction of the Vt. 
D. M. S. of a few weeks, and six weeks was 
an agent of the f^ame society. In the sum- 
mer of 1818, with" a view to visit a brother 
in western New York, 8topi>ed at Clinton, 
wa« jKrrsuade*! to tike a mi^.'^ion of 6 weeks 
in Oneida Co.; thus relinqui«hing the vi«it. 
Mr Nicliol* has jK.'rformed 200 marriages in 
this town, bi'^ide thiM>o in other places. The 
revival* under his miuidtry have been first, 
in tho summ«^r and autumn of 1$12; second, 
in the coM and dry summer of 1810; thi.* 
r«-vival was very exten-^ive, the whole region 
sharing in its i-lTects ; the third was in 1^20, 
less extoiV'ive: the fourtli in 1831, which 
comnience'l in the summer and much religious 
int«TC"»t wa< thereafter manifested for the two 
yea'.s following; the fifth w^ in the winter 
of I8<M. The additions to the church under 
his pastoral c.ire have been about 100. 

In \SU\ 1)0 went to Dover, 111., where he 
remained 7 years ; preached for five years all 
tlie time, and occasionally the remaining 2 
years. Puring his stay a meeting-house wa«» 
completed and not far from 00 additions made 
to the church. In 1853 he came by the way 
of Ohio to this place again, stopping there to 
visit a son. He arrived at Braintree Mav 
13th. At the request of the peojde he com- 
menced preaching here again, and continued 
to do fo, except for one or two intervals occa 
sioned by sickncs«, till September, 1*^05. He 
is now the patriarch of Vermont ministers, 
and, with one other, the only survivor of the 
original settlers of the town. 

His family comprised seven sons, six of 
whom lived to manhood, and five are now 
living. He is now in his 89th year and, con- 
aidering his always feeble body, retains his 
fjcultiea both mental and physical to an nn- 
nsnal degree, being loved and honored by all 


In regard to the History of the Baptist 
church in Braintree, I can give only a very 
meagre outline, the records are so imperfect 
and the sources of information so limited. 
The church was constituted March 5, 1709. ^ 
The fin*t pastor was Rev. Elijah Huntington, 
who was ordained June IS, 1800, and labored 
here until his death, June 24, 1S2S. Hi« ago 
was 06 years. The meeting-hou:ie wa« built 
in the Summer of 1S15. After the deatii of 
Elder Huntin^on, as be was called, the 
church had no settled minister for quite a 
number of years. Xevertheless they had 
preaching, a part of the time constantly, and 
a part of the time at intervals, by various 
ministers. The church had got very much 
reduced, and things were in a very deaJ 
condition, when it was revived again, the 
meeting-house repaired, (which had been for 
some time in a very dilapidated state,) a min- 
ister settled, &c. Tlie date of this rccon.'-trnc- 
tion is Nov. 5, \So\)^ on which day a chunh- 
meeting was held and a new start was taken. 
For this revival great credit is due to the Kev. 
Jonathan Tilson, of Hingham, Mass., who 
Npent his early years in this vicinity, and Ihis 
always Jiad a great interest in this church. 
It was vorj' much the result of his labor? of 
love that this church was liftel up from its 
almost extinct condition. The church havini: 
got started once more, called a mini^ter, Hev. 
H. I). Hodge, then preaching at Coraj'ton. 
N. H. The records g.iy that he commence<i h\% 
ministry here, in October, 1859. He labored 
h«»re until the Fall of 1806. He was <uc- 
ceetled by Rev. George S. Chase, of C!u':=ler, 
X. H., who was installed as pastor. Feb. 14, 
18C7. He closed his labors, January. iJj'iO. 
He was succeeded by the present i»a?tor, Rev. 
Samuel Woodbury, who came here from New 
Boston, N. H. He commenced his labor*, 
.\pril 1, 1809. The number of members ol the 
church, at present, is 83. So far as I can dis- 
cover, the deacons have been. Zenas Thayer, 
William Chsndler, and Earl S. Cnshman. 
The two lai»t n^med are the present inoura- 
b<-nt^. Tliere have been others in the early 
history of the church, but who they were I 
do not know. Dea. Chandler began his ser- 
vice as deacon, January, 1832, and Dea. Cush- 
man, March, 1861. 

The Sabbath school was organized when 
the church was revived in 1869. The pret- 




eot Dumber of |iuf ilt b 00. There are 200 
Tolunie* in the library. In regard to the 
i2];iii?t«rs who have gone ont from thit church, 
I can mention Jf^'^ph Hnntington. now dead, 
oncepa'tor at William»town, thit StJite; Ado- 
ninun Jud^on Huntington, D. D.. Profwwjr 
in the Columbian College, Washington, D C; 
Jonathan Til«on, of lliogham, Ma**.; Whee- 
loik Parrailee,. D. D., of Jerney Oity, N. J. 

There have been revivals of religion herein 
\'^\i\ IS'.O. and in the Wintem of IfrOO and 
'<i7, along in the Winter. I should be glad 
to <;ive tho namc5 of the' original member*, 
lui the name* are only all jdaccd , together 
in the records, po that I cannot distinguish 
the original m(-mbora. 


In 1^15 a meetinghouse was built, and in 
l^^IT a church organized: ax far a* known, 
x\k original members Dea. Lyman Kid- 
J.r. Dea. Abial Howard, Ruth Kidder, Polly 
Huward, Sally Waite, Henry Brown and 
wif«^, .Tamos Hutchinson and wife and Isaac 

la 1S21 this church was ble«ed with a re- 
vival : John Waite was a deacon of the 

T!ii^ sov'iety existed till 1^52, Elder Benj, 
Putnam and Elder Chri!»toj>her W. Martin 
v« re the only ministers who labored regular- 
Iv for anv len;ith of time with this church. 

In 18'>2 ihe church being much dilapidikted 
an-i the society reduced in numbers, it was 
d>handcd. and the house torn down. 


w.-i* born in Randolph, n*»arthe We?t Village, 
F» S K». 18iS. He was the son of Jofiah and 
H!i'» la Til«on. When v^ry young his ]>arentj' 
r moved to the first hou?e in Braintree. wei^t 
t f West Randolph, where he had his home, 
<i rini! the years of his ininoritv, and manv 
t;r:u-« in after years, as long as it was retain* 
(tl in the family. He was ble<it with the care 
an'l example and love of the beJ^t of parents 
-:;*! the dearest of brothers and sisters and 
^VIIll the instruction and labors of the most 
^^ frthy of pa«>tors. 

IIh had only the usual advantag<*s of dis- 
trict schools, as they were then conducted -. 
three months in the Winter and three or four 
in th. Summ^^r During the Fall of 1836 and 
1 "37, he had the privilege of attending the 
la^^t hilf of the terms of select schools held in 
the school-house, oear the home of the late 
^^t, Daniel Wait«. A part of the Autumn of 

183S and 1839, he attended the adUeAj ia 
Randolph Centre. And this wa» all the op> 
fK>rtunitj he had for attending school, until 
April, 1S41; when be went to Washington 
City, D. C, and commenced to fit for coUegeL 
He entered Columbian College, near this 
city, the folFowing September. 

He commenced to teach school in Vermont 
when 17 years of age and taught 5 Winters, 
doing farm-work Summers. Late in tlieyear 
18-10, he went to teach in Milton, Majs^ 
where he remained 6 months, and then went 
to Randolph, Ma^s., where he taught 3 years 
— annual schools. Tlie first year of his rc^- 
dcnce here, he was a tea<*her in the Sunday 
school and thelai>t two he was su|KTint('ndcnt 
of the school connected with the Baptist 
church, in that place. Hit day and Sabbatli 
schools shared largtdy in a general revival 
of religion enjoyed in the year IS 12. He was 
then urged to prej.are for the ministry, as 
he had Ix^-n, on other occasions, but declined. 

He wa« hojKjfully converted to Clirist on 
the lOih day of October r*^3S— just 4 months 
before he cn:ne to ibe age of majority. ITt 
had much difHculty to make up his mind 
which evaiip*?lical church to join and did not 
find a Hcttlemenl of the que^ti^n, until near 
the close of l.**12. On the firpt da}' of Janu- 
ary, 1S13, he united with the First Baptist 
church in Ratjdolph, M:u*."t. From the lime 
he bad tho evidi-nce that be was a disciple of 
Je?us, he felt strong convictions that he ought 
to prej»xre to preach»tho go.-jK*l ; bat he pre- 
ferred to be a religious teacher of children 
and youth. He feared that a woe would reat 
on him, if he did not go forward and, yet, hb 
fK'lings kept him back. He s]>ent many sea- 
sons of fasting and prayer, to a.«c»rtain God*s 
will concerning him and the path of duty and, 
after long struggling with conscience and an 
inward *' call,** he came to the decision to go 
through college, if God would enable him to 
do so, without assistance from any one ; and 
then if he should fail, as he waa confident he 
would, he would frankly confess it, without 
involving any one elf;e, and then resume ths 
work of teaching ; so that be might have % 
clear conscience, ever after, and not feel as 
some, be knew, who regretted through life, 
that they had not obeyed the " call divine," 
He was enabled to pass through his collegi* 
ate course of atudies and was graduated July 
12, 1S48. 

The question now cams up afresh, " Dost 






God call to the Mcred miniHtrj 7 ** Tbe fac- 
ulty of tho college wcr« Drgent for hiio to 
UiRch, in the preparatory departmeat of Uie 
college, for one qtiarter : he did to ; but, all 
the time. Providence was calling another way. 
And, a« soon as the term close J, he commenced 
his theological studies, under. Dr Q. W. Sam- 
ron, pastor of the £ street Baptist church, 
Washington, and continued with him 2 years. 
Then he vent to the Theological Institution, 
in Xcwton Ma^s. and entered the senior class 
and was graduated Aug. 27, 1851. He was free 
from debt, and all tbe means of his educa- 
tion and support were furnished by himself. 
Soon after coming to Newton, when visiting 
a teacher in Ilingham — a former room-mate, 
in the academy, in Randolph Vt he was 
asked to become pastor of the First Baptist 
church there. He replied that he was under 
a pledge to be entirely free from all engage- 
menU until his preparatory course of studies 
were finished. The church were willing to 
wait the 8 months. He did not wish to de- 
Tote any thought to the matter of settlement, 
until the day o( his graduation and then he 
was willing to be bound. He received a very 
earnest and unanimous "call** in May ; but 
tliis remained unanswered until anniversary 
day. He then laid the question of settlement 

beforv the Lord and nAind Him to decide be. 
tween Hin^ham and other places offered for 
his acceptance. A voice seemed to say, " Go 
to Ilingham.** He obeyed and went. And 
has remained there ever since. He has had 
some trials and afflictions; but has seen 
much of the ** Sunny Side** of^pastoral lif« 
and now^eels that God has directed and blest 

Ho was married in Washington Dec 23. 
1851, to Mi^ Martha D. Ande^^on ; daught^ 
of Dea. R. P. Anderson, and sbter of Rev 
Tbos. D. Ander:^>n, of New York. 



Isaac Nichols, 
Samue^ Baj^s, 
David Smith, 
Enoch Cleveland, 
Ezter Doleby. 

Jeremiah Snow, 
Ebenezcr White, 
John Irooch, 
Elijah French, 


Jacob Spear, 
Martin Lowell, 
Augustus Flint, 
James Neff, 
Nahum Kinney, 
William Flint. 
Nathaniel Neff, 
Artciuas Fitta, 
Henry Brackett, 
Arlemos '^lAhman, 

Nathaniel French, 
Ogden Hudson, 
Solomon Holman, 
♦Stephen Spear, 
Rulus lIutchinK>n, 
Jo.«ei'h Siory, 
Gordon Randall, 
Simeon Smith, 
Ezra Gilbert, 

Xamti, Ox Jftg. £ntitUd, Mtut <ntt or dit'd. 

Abbott, Daniel H 2dS.S. Feb. 16. *C4 

Battles, Charles W. G 8 Dec. 26, '61 
Battles, Geo. W. 

Battles, Ira " " Dec 27. *61 

Bis-^onneti, Paschal " " Dec. 22. '61 

Bement, Jas. H. " " Dec, 30, '61 

June 29. 'W 

June 22. *64 
June 26, '65 

Mar. 6. '62 
Jan. 14. '63 
June 9, *62 

Blay, Hias. A. K 3 July 10. '61 

Blay. Chas. A. G 9 June 2. '62 

Blay. Jno.C. H 6 Aug. 14, '61 

Blanchard.AdolphusQ 8 Mar, 11, '62 

Blsnchard, Aiial N. F 18. S. Sept 11, '61 

Blanchard. John F.lst Bat. Dec. 12, *61 

Bruce, Martin L, G 8 Kov. 27, '61 June 28, *65 

July 22, '62 

Buck, William D Cav. 

Burrill, Geo. 0. 9 

niadwick, Edwin P.D Cav. 

Chadwick. Jerome J. K 4 

Coles, Goo. W. Q 8 
Coles. Henry 
Coles, Seymonr N. 




Sept 18, *61 
June 18. '62 
Sept. 25. '61 
Aug. 27. '61 
Kov. 25, '61 
Dec 25, '61 
Dec 30, '61 

Copeland, Charles " 

Corbett Geo. E. C 

Cote, Joseph G 
Ducate, Francis 

9 Kov. 28, '68 

6 Feb. 22. '64 

8 Feb. 29, '64 

8 Decl, «63 

Oct 11, '62 

June 28, *65 
July 7, '65 

July 14. '65 


Tr. to Co. H. 4ih reg. Feb. 25, 'C5. 

Killed at Pt HudFon.May 27. '63 

P%e-en, Jan. 5, '61. • 
Keen. Jan.5,'64. Pro. Corp. Nov. 

Died Apr. 12, '63. 

Sergt. died Oct. 16, '63. 

Pro. Corp. Jan. 1, '64, sergt. Julr 

1, '64, Isl lieut Mar. 5, '60, 

reen. Jan. 5, '64. 


Died. May 14. '63. 

Killed at Wilderness. 

He en. Jan. 5. *64 

Killed Pt. Hudson, June 14, '63. 

Re- en. Jan. 5, '64, pro. corp. July 

1. '63. 
Died July 3. '64. 

Assigned to Co. F. 17. reg. 


I* , 

* .• 





YMi*, Daniel R. 

Farn#worth, F. W. - 

Kbu'g, Geo. W. P 

Flijig. Watson 0. G 

Frrrv. Arna*a W. P 

rUnJert. Tboi. N. 
• • 

Fori, liirnrj F 

(jt ron, Lktwii K 

CooJ-i-e^hl. Wallic* " 

Circt-n, Job W. O 

llarlQW. Wm, W. ** 

Ho^an. DAoiel • H 

IK.lmai^.'VVni. C. O 

llovrarJ, ChufXtr J. G 

iiuward, Jaiaes R. G 

Howard. Tlios. F. D 

Howf, <teor>;t' R. G 

J*-r<J. Alexauiler E 
JrrJ. IVur 

J« liaM»n. Peter G 

I.a'k^-y. Ain»«» n 
1^' k»-y, Mftrvin H. K 
La.l*^au. Fr«ncb 

Ltiul). E'lwin S. G 

Lji'ort. Julioi D. F 

I^omis. O^inan C. H 

Luo*', AlWrl a G 

I/jce, Frank S. F 

1.UH-. John A. A 

1/1' V, Lvinan P. G 

Lure, William E 

Mciiraih, Philip K 
K.* ).oU. Truman A. U 

N.»yc-, John B. G 

Tijir, I<aiah D 

I:ftym«»ur. Lewis O 

ll/ury, Viclorv Q 

Lu ^. StepLtn t. D 

i: ivs \Vm. W. B. •• 

i:u>>. 11. Charltf G 

Ku^'t-ll, James " 

t^ ir-iHit, Wallace ** 

i^;:ii|-on, Hial F 

^'^:\h, lionry E 

?::mh, Monroe G 

>Var, E^iwin " 

>!♦ am*, Warren E. G 

»*^:«:ven9, Nathaniel G 

>"u::iner. SamL W. ** 
T.ur-tin.Wilbar N. G 

Ti!u<. Henry H. G 
Tra^k, Pveuben 

Whiiaey, Cyrui . H 

WLituey, Geo. P. 

^•itney.Henry H. H 
\V'iriiams John R. G 
^'illiami, Theo. J. " 

Bradley, Richard 
patton. Heorr, jr. 
^^itchtU, Joto 

Mt0. £nli0lr^, 

8 Dec. 10, '63 

•• Dec 7. '61 

2 June 9. '02 


2 May 7, '61 

8 Nov. 30. '61 

IS. S.Sept. 11/61 

4 Aug. Jti. '61 

17 Feb. 12. '64 

U M 

8 Jm.7. '62 

" Kov. 18, '63 

6 Aug. 14. *61 

9 Mar. 12. '63 

8 Dec 25, '61 

9 June 2. '62 
17 Jan. 13. '64 

8 Dec. 21. '61 
2 Dec 8, '63 
•* Dec 8, '63 

9 Dec24.'63 
8 Dec 2, '61 
6 Dt'C. 10. '63 
6 July 24. '62 

8 Nov. 27. '61 
2 Sept. 15. '61 
" Aug. 20. '61 

9 June 2. '62 

2 May 18, '61 

3 June 29. '61 

8 l>i^. 7. '61 
2 May 11. '61 

4 July 28. «63 
6 Aug. 14. '61 

9 June 2. '62 
2 Feb. 3, '64 
9 Dec. 24. '63 
8 Dec 2. '61 

17 Feb. 9. •ti4 

" Nov. 30, '61 

8 Dec 21. '61 

•• Dec 2, '61 

" Dec. 4, '61 

17 Apr. 12, '64 

5 Feb. 26, '64 

8 Nov. 16, '63 
" Dec 31. '61 

9 June 6. '62 

8 Nov. 16. '63 
" Jan. 8. '62 

9 June 2. '62 

8 Feb. 19, '62 
" Nov. 16, '63 

6 Aug. 14, '61 

9 June 2, *62 

July 7. '65 
June 22. '64 
July 15. '65 
June 13. *65 
Jan. 4. '65 
June 28, '65 

Mar. 8, *62 

July 14, '65 

; ' 

June 13. '65 

May 23. '65 

June 22, *64 

June 16. '62 
June 28, '65 

Sept 4, '62 

Jan. 14, '63 

Jan. 24. '62 
June 2H, '04 
June 29, '64 

June 13, *65 

Jane 22. '64 
June 6. '62 

July 18. '65 
June 13, '65 

Jan. 14. '63 
Jane 28. '65 

6 Aug. 14. '61 

9 June2,*62 Jaly5,*63 

" •• Dec 10, '62 

VolunturiJoT <m€ ytar^ 




Re-en. Ittlieai.. 
Pro. Corp. Dec 18. '64. 
Re-en. Jan. 23. '64. Ut lieot 
Re-en. Jan. 5, '64. pro. aerst. Apr. 
12, '65. 

Tr. to Inv. eorpt July 27, '63. 

IH lieut lUniigned Apr. 1, '63. 

Died Apr. 29,^64. 

DeKerted Apr. 20, '63. 

IH lieut pria. 9 moa. Andortoa- 

Died July 19. '61 y 

Died Feb. 14, '65. 

Tr. Vet Res. corpt, Apr. 16, '64. 

Trans, to Co. 0. 8th reg. 
Died of wounds. Oct IM, '63. 

Deserted Sept 7, '63. 

Died Jan. 23. '62. 

Shot thro' the head, not killed. 

Trans, to Inv. corps. Sept. 1, 'dSw 

Re-en. Jan. 5, '64. • 

Killed at WiMernesa May 5. '64. 
Died Andersonville. S«.pt. 20,'64. 
Died June 2, *^2. 
Pro. Sergt. Killed Sept 30, '64. 
Re-en. Jan. 5. ,64. 

Re en. Jan. 5.'64. Des.May 1.'64. 

Miffing in ftcti3n. Ang. 31, '64, 
Killed May 5, '64. 

Died June 2, '62. 

Died Apr. 21. '64. 
Died Aug. 6, '64. 

Re en. Feb. 18.'64, pro. sergt 

Died Apr. 24, '64. 

Re-en. Dec 15. '63. 

Tr. to Co. H. 0th reg .pria. July 

1. '62, k ?upj»o«ed to hav# 

died at Richmond. 
Killed at Wildemcct May 5. '64. 

Re-en. in Cavalry. 

• I 

* * "* .J 

■ . ) 

* i 



- , r 



J' ' 

I '' 

• I ^ 


Montgomerr. M. J. 
Webb.Charlet A, 

Broce, Loren £. F 
Cha.lwick. Edwin a " 
CIiadwick.Tbeo. A. 
ChilfJs. Francis A. 
Oleavelaod. J. P. jr. 
G>{>eland, Zion G. 
]1;<tch. Dariot 
Hill. George C. 
Huut,G«-orge W. 
Hunt. W-r.. P. 
Mcholi, K' ruian 
I'rait, Birney J. 
Rising. Edwin N. 
Trask, Martin 
Washburn. N. A. 



• I 

• • 

Huicbiniion. Sam'l 
La|K>rt. Julius D. 
ICicbols. Geo. A. 

8 Ang. 12,'64 June 1, 65 

Volunlun/or nine monthi. 



Died Maj 14, *63. 

Ist lieut Res. Feb. 27. 'eS. 




Voluntcertfor three monthe, 


t ■ 

Furnished by draft — Paid commutat%<m. 
Blodgeit, Henry V, Percival. Richard R. 
Brown, 2k>roa«l^r 

Procured Suhttitutei, 
Bark, Ru.«sell Kvff, Sargent 

Huntington, Edmund 


Brookfield occuj»ies a portion of that bro- 
ken, undulating surface which etretclies from 
the Green Mountain range, on the west, to 
Connecticut River valley, on the east; iu 
elevation above the level of the pea being 
from 800 to 900 feet. Lying nearly on tiiu 
height of land, betwe<-n tlie valleys of WLue 
and \Vinoo?ki rivers, its streams mu«t, ntct*- 
sarily, be small and unimportant; yt-i t'ne 
number of rills or brooks is so great a^ to give 
plausibility to the tradition that, from tli:ii 


BT aCT. K. r. VILA. 

Time works wouderful changei*, and among 
tliose that he has wrought are the changes | circumstance, originat<>d the name of the 
in the relative position and influence of the . town. The name cert^iinly might have an 
towns in our Green Mountain J?tate. Thirty- origin less romantic and interesting. 
five years ago, Brookfield ranked high in j The second branch of White River, rising 
population and wealth, and in educational in Williamstown, flows through the enure 
and religious influence. In the latter of tliese. . eastern portion of Brookfield, draining nearly 
lapt there has been but little absolute half its area. Nes 


decline. — taking the history of thin town by 
itH-lf; while in the former there has certainly 
been an actual increase, and yet, relatively, 
Brookfield stands far lower among the towns 
of Vermont than it did then. The great 
business-making improvemtnta that have 

'ear the northern part of iho 
town, flowing through the principal viUacn 
is another stream of some imjMjrtance. — inas- 
much as it furnishes the best mill privilegt^ 
in the vicinitv. Another, in the south-wv.-t- 
crn corner of the town, is called Ayert Brook. 
and derives iu name from a story of "the 

built up other places, have, for the most part, olden time." Some years previous to tr.« 

]iafsed it by and the railroad greatness of 

first settlement of Brookfield,— during the 

the present age has had xary little eflect upon I French and Indian war, it is supiK>sed, a iniQ 

tills staid old town. Yet its history comprises 
a series of events, so unique, so various, and 
so interesting, as to elicit, from occasional 
Tiaitors who listen to them, expressions of 
^nrpriae that the work of collecting and pub- 
lishing thoao facta hat been to long neglected. 

named Ayer, who had before run away from 
New England, became, through the violence 
of his hatred of the settlers of Vermont, i 
guide to the French and Indians in iht-;: 
predatory excursions in thia part of the 
country. He waa, at last, punned and over- 



uVco by 1^ P^fty ^f English, in the taIUj of 
tbi» »iream. Aft«r ft thoH tritl bj fto eztem- 
i>oriz4rtl court-marti»1, bit captors proceeded 
to execute him, after the maooer of hangiog 
d..g< at the present day— by tying ft rope to 
lif otn'k. making the other end fa«t to a tree, 
leu I down for the porpo«e. and then suffering 
thf tree to return to its natural po»ition. 
Tliis IS «uj>]K>»ed to have occurred near the 
silo of the ^aw-mill owned, for many years, 
by Mr. Abraham Smith, aud its date was. 
jrol>.il>ly, about 1755. 

Oi Diitural |K>nd:!, lirookfield pofti'e>5>es its 
full hliire, — no le^s than seven lying within 
iu \\mi\s: viz., Uood Pond, Pierce Pond, Colt's 
I'vii'l, Laiuhon Pond. North Pond, South Pond 
ant] iKaver MeiJuw Pond; all of them favor- 
iic fi-hiug re!«orts. 

TIk*, awkward fhape of the town- 
fchi]t It^ excited much wonder and inquiry, 
atA, according to the early surveyors, tbe 
(K'.iMon of ihi.4 was, as follows. A charter 
vra<< nut obtained by the br.>t iuliabitantti, 
uut.i >ome yearn after the land wan settled, 
uvvi:i^ to tile cxoibitant fee (X1^0), demanded 
Iv tlie :^tatc auihorilies, and the extreme 
j"jveriy of the new bcitlement. Each of the 
MtirrM thus having no interest but bis own 
to r« ^'iT\i, there wait no inducement to lay out 
a n-^alar tract of land a^ a township, in coo 
f >rniity to the role or cu>tom throiigliout the 
Suti*. So a tract of 4 milex square was laid 
out, uking as tho center ft point near the 
jrcM-nt Mte of the meeting house on the 
Urauch. This was furv^yed, and it* outlines 
«>talni*hed and recorded. Two years later, 
lije]»rielor8 raised the fee, and obtained 
a c'.i.irtcr of 30 8.|uare miles. But a dilBculty 
\N'*3 txji.rienci:d in laying out the town ; for, 
tiiL*ut;h hettlemenis were not begun in the 
surrounding towns until ftfter Brook6eld waA 
»(^aI-J, yet, in the mean time, CbeUea (under 
ti.e u.ime of Turnercburgh), Iiandol]>h aud 
braiuiree had been chartered and surveyed 
au'J nothing was left to the proprietors of 
I>r>'<»ktitld but to take the remainder of their 
C j Sijuare miles where they could get iL This 
Wat. Jone by taking what lay between the 
ca^urn boundary of the original four mile 
^iu.ire and the line of Turnersburgh, what 
isy between the southern line of the square 
*o the northward of Kandolph and Braintree, 
tl^Q taking enough to make op tbe required 
sinount on the north and wast 
. The grantees of Brookfield wero Fhinehftt 

Lymaii, Joeeph Hawley, Esq., Timothy Ly- 
man, Samuel Clark, Koadiah WftTDer, 8ftm«tl 
Cook, 2d. John Smith, Natbftniel Brosh, Eli- 
jah Dewey, Locretia Colt, Elishft Porter, Eaq^ 
Stephen Goodmftii, Moms Hubbard, OliT«r 
Smith, Benjamin Colt, Pmoiel Colt, Edmnad 
Hubbard, Mosos Hubbard, Rer. Samuel Hop- 
kina, EWftzer Portw, Samuel Gay lord, jr^ 
Rev. Joseph Lathrop, Oeorge Breck, Hemaa 
Day, Samuel Lathrop, Seth Lathrop. Joeepb 
Lathrop. jr., John £a<>tman, Timothy East- 
man, Obadiah Dickinson. Obadiah Dickinsoa, 
jr., John Chester Williams, £5q., Elijah Dick- 
inion. Klihtt Dickinson, Elisha Ellis, jr., Peter 
Olcott, Esq.. Ichabod Hyde, Paul Davisoa, 
Daniel Bowen, Jonas Howard, Benjamin 
Howftrd, riiineha^ Tyler, John Hayward, 
Paul Spooner. Jedediah Hyde, Amaaa Hydft, 
Nathan Roberts. Nathaniel Humphrey, Nft* 
thaniel Humphrey, jr., Shubael Cross, Jo^ph 
CroHrt, Daniel TiUison, jr^ Oliver Hainblin, 
Caleb Martin, Annah Dean, Daniel Tillison, 
John Paine, James Moulton, His Excellency 
Tliomas Chittenden, Esq.. Timothy Brown- 
hon, Esq., John Eassett,jr., E<q., Mok« Rob- 
inson, Ei«q,, Jonas GaluKha, Esq., Dkannk 
S]»rague, Ebcuezer Brewster. 

Tlie geology of Brookfield is not peculiar. 
The prevailing formation is the cftlcareo-micn 
ulate, and of this formation the clay slate it 
cousideral»ly developed ; there is, also, a sili- 
cious limestone, which occurs occa»ionally. 
Several marl b^ds have been discovered,' and 
fome of them have been worked for lime ; 
though it has been a work of little profit. 
Quart! is common, in the form of veins or 
{•eams in the prevailing formation. Mirn 
■late is found, occa.«ionalIy, though it cannot 
be called common. Iron pyrites, or sulphuret 
of iron, is found in the form of small cubes 
imbedded in the slate, — constituting whftt, in 
(•rhool-boy parlance, are termed **diamondi.** 
This mineral is of a yellow color, and haa oft- 
en been mistaken for gold, to the discomfitnm 
of the individual whose dreams of sudden 
wealth were so rudely invaded and deetroyod 
by a discovery more timely than flattering. 

It is rather a singular fact that, while tli« 
rocks to the westward of the Branch contain 
a considerable amount of lime, thoM of tbn 
hill to the eastward of the valley, are nenrlj 
destitute of it : so that it haa httn a standing 
boast of tlie inhabiUnta of the valley, that 

I' they could secure ft constnnt flow of both hard 
and soft water at their very doon ; tbo fonn«r 

» * 

; ,-.1 
i - 

4 -1 
' \\ 
*i ■ 

* i 

, t 



- t 

? t 

• 1 
* • 

! f 

: i 




from \ht lixnj ngioDt of the west, and the 
Utter from the vlatv rockt of the ea^t hill. 

But the mo5t marked feature of the geology 
of Brook field is the exiMence. in largo quan- 
titiM of an ore of iron and arsenic, called 
mi#pick«*1. No chemical analrvis of this min- 
eral, as found here, has eri^r been made ; and 
it may ^ added here, that our geological 
data, with regard to this section of the county, 
are very im{>erfect, for no regular survey has 
ever beeri com|»leted. 

The soil of thii* town is, in f^^tility, probably 
above thf» average of Orange County ; and, 
being well situated for tillage, it is an impor- 
tant farming town. The alluvial depOi<its in 
tlie valley of the Branch, like tho^e of mo^t 
other river basins, arc un!(urpa«ftt*d in rich- 
ness; while the soil on the hilly portions, 
being formed by the di^^inttgration of the clay 
slate and blue siHciou.s lime-stone, is excellent 
and even the high hills, inaccev«i*ible to the 
plough and scythe, are a«imirably adapted to 

Brook field is a hilly town; though it can 
hardly adopt, with regard to it5elf, the senti- 
ment of the )K>etii*al efTu^^ion so frequently 
quoted, with regard to other towns, to the 
immortalization of itn ingenious author's 
name, which, if rej>ort is true, originally read 
as follows : 

** When the Lord thi« earth h«4 mmA^ 
llt> )iruiH>uii«'«!^ it i^mmI, &M lie h«4 Mud; 
Itnt. h«Tiiie r«*ck<( autl hill* tu it|Mrr, 
U* fluac du»a bliarwn, bvr* UKi iher*.** 

A coni>iderablc eminence in the western 

part of the town, for same reason, acquired. 

and has always retained the appellation of 

Bfar JJilL This name was bestowed, it is 

/ «aid, at an early era in the settlement of the 

a favorite resort of the wandering Indijins; 
though that extensive valley, occupied in the 
south by the Second Branch of White Kiver. 
and in the north by Stevens* Branch of tlie 
Winoofiiki, was, doubtU'Ss, one of their thor- 
oughfares in journeying between the vaP.rv* 
of those two rivers. But. notwith> Im^ 
the fact that settlements among the h;l;« 
would be less liable to InJian invasions iKaq 
tho^ in the valleys, yet in this town, a« in 
most other towns, the nrsl efforts at cl.-aring 
the wilderness were, for some rea<-on ovorlnl- 
ancing this, made n]K>n level land, near a 

The first settlement within the pre-ifni lira- 
its of Brookfield was made in the v«ar 177,^ 
by Capt. Shubael Cross. It i< much to bA 
regrett4*d that the previous history uf this 
man, who, for a dozen years, bore a con*jic- 
nous part in the proprietary and town a:T.4irs 
of Brookfield, is wholly unknown. Nmi ev* n 
the place whence he emigrated is tol 1 u«. or 
the number of persons in his family, t!.ou;h 
it i* certain that at the time of hi< niovm.; lo 
this he had three daugliters an-J t\ n:!s. 
ber of sons. This familv came into l':'- k- 
field in 1779, and seltM in the valhy » f tlie 
Branch. Mrs. Cro:*8 was the fir^l wtinaa 
who eutero<l the place, and was tlurofor^ t!.^ 
recipient of the hundred acres of latil, fo. 
chivalrously bestowed by each town oa iu 
fair pioneer in settlement. 

Tlie incidents attending the rcfidiuoe vi 
Cai>t. Cross' family, for some montlis .ifur 
their removal from their former ho!r.e. nr^ 
nowhere record(-d, and in no way hrin-l- i 
down to us. Perhaps, however, no ^\uh r-v- 
ord is netnled; for imagination can *uj';!y 
town, from the fact that a bear was killed horrors enough. Here they were, a ?. litL7 

u}>on the mountain, at a spot now pointed 
out near the barn of Mr. Cahill. 
Some years before the town was settled. 

there occurred a convoUion of the earth near! mile, from auy settlement; and. whm we 

familv, far removed from kindred an! ac 
quaintances, literally alon«» in an a! :/.'"»-: 
boundless exj»anse of forest, more than tw. he 

the south-western corner of the town, caused 
by an earthquake shock. A considerable 
tract of land was sunk several feet below iu 
former level. This tract lies near the road to 
Braintree, and is partially visible to travellers 
on that road. Some affirm this convulsion to 
have been nothing more than a land slide; 
while otliers maintain that it was a veritable 


The territory of Brookfield, like most of the 
billy regioot of Vermont, was not, probably, 

reflect what were the fiicilities for tra-.vllin: 
in tho«e da vs. twelve miles set-ms no ?h -rt o: 
easy journey, — •urronadd by all the d.iiu r« 
of a life in the wilderness, 

** Vant th«iM> fkrttlera* bnuut* the tnlicht rt«am. 
Wben* ««rth*t anliriiiK pilrtice all would frm.'* 

And, when we add to all thc«e discour.* ce- 
ments the fa-'t that the era of this s< ttl^: :.a: 
was in the mid!«t of a war which was exlnui 
ing the resources of the country, and wl.:-b 
rendered the settlers in Vermont p-rj!i.^r!y 
liable to attacks from the Indians, it wouU 

f * 





^^ tH»t % mor* powerful tuotirt, % mort I of tht d«^uo5«n. The ladunt probablj i^ 
r^.xtiTf energy ftctojiUsi thif cour*g«oQt £»m- tended, in tbeir reireftt^ to }^tLm up Um S<co»4 

Brmnch, which would h»Te brought thea di- 
recily u)>on th« Brook 6tld Mttlen. Bol 
having been attacked in Randolph by a 
compauy of niiltia, thev tffected their ti«cap« 
t>y changing iIkit cour»« and ascending tbt 
hill to the WML On the hill in Randolph, 
there waf a vinall clearing and cabin ownad 
and occupied by Zadock Steela. The Indiana 
piiM^ed through the clearing and took Mr. 
Sie«le pri>oner, who wa« jii»t atarting to 
warn the inhabitanta of Brookfield, at they 
were bi'Tond hearing the report of the alarm 
guna. From thi« |M)int tluMr course waa weat 
of north through the central and wei^tem parts 
of BrookneM. acro»ii the Rood farm, whero 
it IS >-aid ^ome of iht* ir implf mints were after- 
wards found, cro5»ing the valley near tba 
*• Wert street,'* patuiing over or near ** Bear 
hill,** and reaching the Tallt-y of one of tha 
princi|«l tranche* of Dog River near Roz- 
bury Uollow. About 10 years later, it il 
said. Major Adams, who^ farm lay in that 
vicinity, found a tomahawk on the dat south* 
t-a.^'t of Koxbury H\>llow, which was supposed 
to have be«'n left there by this party of In* 
'iians. It i» thought that at this time thert 
were no iuliabitants in Brook fiild on the hiU 
wcet of the Branch, though we are fure thai 
several families moved thfra only a few 
months later. Puncg the 4 or 6 years im- 
mediately ►ucct^e^iing the year 17^0, immigra- 
tion to this place was quite rapid, the fcttlart 
oomiiig moftly from Connecticut, Jonathao 
Pierce, John Lyinan, Caleb Martin, Timothj 
Cowles, William Wakefuld, Nathaniel Hum* 
phrey, Heiekiah Gaylord, Amai^a Hyde, Amot 
Humj»hrey, Ehenezer Siratton, Philip In- 
gram. Oliver HamMin. Xathan Roberts Thoa. 

ilr than u often felt by ademinau epicures 
a! the pre^nt day. It is #aid that, within the 
£>: three months of their residence here. Mrs. 
Cti'^ ^^ ^^ other i^erson of her own st'i 

U>:Jv» her daughters. But not long were 
iL. V dt^iined to be neighborless. Within a 
T^-ar after the entrance of Capt. Cro*», several 
:i;..:l;'i movvd into the place, — most of them 
cu liiv Branch. The exact date of each arri- 
val i*' not known ; but it i« quite certain that 
s Mr. Howard (or Hayward), with hi# family, 
c:i:je next after Capt. Cro^s ; probably in the 
<: r:i.g of 17>0. jVeviou* to this, however, 
J In r.iine, then a young and »ingle man, 
IaI U-rn in the place and had ap]*ropriated 
to i.;::>vif a lot of land in the northern pari 
cf ill*' valley. Il is ?aid that, as Winter ap- 
j:. jht^l. Capt. Crof», fearing an attack from 
x'.t Inl.aas wished to remove his family, 
li.etj the only family in the vicinity, to some 
(ih^r {'lace, for the fea»on. This he did, leav- 
i::^' hi* ftock in the care of Mr.. Paine, who 
;:/.N J a-=vJ the Winter entirely alone. Thi» 
wa* |.:o''>ably the Winter of 177^*^0. 

Ti.e vtar 17^0 was an eventful ifut to Ver- 
L.'iit, for in that year occurred a series of 
cv*:.i.«. vi which, in their bearing upon our 
i".:e aiTairs, the memorable lC:h of Mav. 
Ca.I' 1 *• J7i€ Jiirk rfay," was but too truly 
tjH»ii..itical. The controven^y between 
N.w ILiinp^hire and New York, concerning 
li.r irrritory, was at its height, and Congres^s 
(ricr^J the people of Vermont to defift for 
i!.r I rv-enl from their attempts to sc-cure her 
"-ij-ndence as a Slate, to which Ethan Al 
l-a iTA'le his characteristic reply, that, rather 
iLaQ tail in establii^hing the in«ie{Kndence of 
V»rnKat he would** rWirc trith tht hardy 
OnfH Mu^tntain Boyiintoiht dffolate car(ni4 Oaylord, William Carley" and foroe othera. 

it t\( v.ouutaiut and %t<i^e %car with hunuin 
u^twf at liTi^c** During this year, invasions 
It }ar:ie# of British and Indians were aUo 
f:- jU-nt and were most disastrous to the set- 
t'.trf. In Auguft, prisoners were taken in 
iir^ard and carried to Canada; while in 
t'wob*?r, was executed that most fiendl-h act 
cf barbarity which ever occurred in Vermont. 
tl:r l»urniLg of Royalton. At the time of 
t-:* event, the settlers in Brookfield wera in 
({'•»t danger, and, but for a trifling circnm- 
»*^Dce. proving that the foolishness of men 
►vCftimes answera imporunt ends, they 
vould donbtlesa bara fallen into the handa 

came ] revious to the organization of tbo 
town. The first three mentioned, Jonathan 
Pierce, Caleb Martin and John Lyman, wero 
the first settlers of the town after Capt Croat 
and John and Noah Pain6>and Mr. Howard. 

Hardly anything is recorded of the doings 
of these men during the 4 or 5 years em* 
braced in this period, and the few incident* 
handed down to us regarding the first settlo- 
ment are so unfortunate as to be datolesa. 
But there are some occurrencea 8j<>ken ol 
which must have taken place o&owl this timo, 
and are therefore mentioned here. 

At ona time it waa reported in Vermont 

* 1 







. 1 

» I 


' « ♦ 

I . 


» ■ 


that certain people of England had spoken 
f neeringly of thif country, and diijtaraginglj 
of the settien, observing that they suppoeed 
eTer}'thing mnst be on a scale small and in- 
fignificant in the bleak wilderness of Ver- 
mont. To manifest their resentment at this 
unprovoked and intended innult, the settlers 
stuffed the skin of an elk of gigantic dimen- 
sions and sent it to England as a specimen of 
what Vermont could produce, with an inti- 
mation that her men were equally ** hard to 
beat'* This elk was killed in Brookfield, 
near the center of the town. 

On a certain occa'^ion, a physician was sum- 
moned, in the night, from the hill, to visit a 
man on the Branch. He started on horse- 
back, and, while dofcending the hill, was 
alarmed at a cry behind him which he took 
to be that of a catamount. He quickened 
hift speed, the animal, as he supposed, being in 
hot pursuit. The bridge across the stream 
had that day been removed for repairs ez> 
cept the string pieces, but it being dark, the 
man daMicd on, ignorant of his peril, having 
known nothing of the removal of the bridge. 
Arriving at the first hou^ he sprang from 
his horse, remarking that the devil might 
have the horse if he would let him alone. 
Being questioned as to his route, he replied 
that he had crossed the bridge, which the 
other denied as impossible. Both went in 
the morning to the bank of the stream, where 
tracks of the horse were found, acro!«s the 
string piece to the op]>otsite side. Such feats 
tuunlly strike us as being thrilling and dan- 
gerous ; but in this instance there was a 
mingling of the ludicrous, for the animal that 
scared the Doctor, instead of the feline mon- 
ster which he supposed it to be, proved to be 
an innocent screech owl. 

The first mills built in Brookfield were 
owned by Capt. Cross, and stood on the 
Branch at the foot of " the falls.** Concern- 
ing these mills, which were doubtless deci- 
dedly primitive in their structure and conve- 
niences, some humorous storieii are told. It 
being the cu«tom to buy grain at the mill 
and pay for it in labor, it is said tltat a far- 
mer could go there in the morning, put his 
busb«*l of grain into the mill, and work out 
ita price during the process of grinding, so 
alow were the operations of the machinery. 
It waa also a standing joke, that .the tons of 
Capt. Cross, of whom there were several, 
would one after another Yisit th« mill, and 

and each would taka toll ; but of course suck 
stories were only told to be laughed at 


The charter of each township authorized 
the inhabitants to*organite themselves as a 
town without any further application to, or 
permission from, the general assembly, when- 
ever their number and resources were suffi- 
cient to warrant such a step. It was oqIj 
necessary for a petition, signed by four re- 
spectable freeholders of the proposed town to 
be presented to a justice in a neighboring 
town, who immediately issued the requi^te 
warning, or authorized one of the freeholdcn 
to issue it The petition for the municij>:il 
organization of Brookfield is not record* d. 
The first record is that of the warning itself, 
which was issued at Norwich, March 4, 
1785. by Peter Olcott justice of the peaoe. 
The record of the first town meeting follows ; 
at which meeting. Timothy Cowles wa« cho- 
sen town clerk ; William Wakefield, Nathan- 
iel Humphrey, and Hezekiah Gay lord select 
men ; Jonathan Fierce treasurer ; and Ania>s 
Hyde, constable. This meeting wa<t hAl 
March 18. 17<"^5, at the hou!«e of Capt Cro>^. 

. In Atigust. 1785. a meeting was held to de- 
cide whether the town should be repre«M)t«d 
in the County Convention of that year and. 
if so, to elect a delegate. This question Tvas 
decided in the affirmative, and Shubael Cru>J 
was accordingly elected as delegate. 


1785, none; 1786, Jonathan Pierce; 1T*»7, 
Timothy Cowles; 1788, none; 1789. l^'-^i. 
•24, Abel Lyman; 1790, '91. '99, 1>"^». 
Daniel Kingsbury; 1792. *94, Expcri.!if« 
Fisk; 1793. '95, *98, 1813, Elisha All:*. 
ISOl, *09, '31, Kathaniel Wheatly; 1810. 12, 
Barna Biglow; 1814. *15, David Big^low. 
1816, Koah Paine; 1817, '18, 22. '27. "2\'Z'\ 
Frederic Oriswold ; 1819. *21, Mones Hub- 
bard, jr.; 1825. '26, '29, John Wheatley : l^^ii 
John J. Wheatley ; 1833, *34, Thoma* Kirc?- 
bnry; 1835, Justus Edson ; 1836, John W. 
Hopkins; 1837, none; 1838, *39. Abel Bu^ 
low; 1840. Aaron Geaveland, jr.; 1841, ^'^t 
none; 1849, '50, Homer Hatch; 1851. Ariel 
Bnrnham; 1852. '55, none; 1856. *57. Wil- 
liam E. Chamberlain ; 1858, *59. Julius B. 
Lyman; 1860, *61, F. 0. Biglow ; 1862. non«; 
1863, '64. E. F. Claflin ; 1865, *67, J. R- 
Cleaveland ; ll868, A. S. Allia. 

At tha meeting in March, 1786, it was vo- 





ted by tbe towa, ** to hir« tome pr«A«bing for 
the produce of the earth.** Thu wai the fint 
^Uon of the town to tecare preaching, and 
Oie i^eople appear to have been either rerj 
XQoJerate in their de>iret, or limited in their 
re>uurce«; for thi» vote wai followed by an- 
oihfT to the effect that *'we hirt three 
Qjonths.'* In pursuance of this action. Tim- 
oihv Ci)wle«« Caleb Martin, and Abel Lyman 
'Vt-re clK>t»en a« a committee '*to look up a 
tiini-ti-r for the above puri*o»e.*' It wa» alw 
dii lid that the town would rai»e the amount 
of i.'-X>, fur the purjKwe of tupporting preach- 
ic.:. faid amount to be' paid in wheat at the 
n-arket price. 

In 1T>*5. the town was fir<t represented in 
tie Itgihlalure, by Jonathan Pierce, who wai 
tU-ct'-d in May. 

Aliiiough the number of inhabitanta in the 
towa had been rapidly increasing for some 
yiar.<. aud the number of families at this time 
CUM have been nearly forty, yet no church 
wa> organized till July, 1787, and this seems 
to liave been the most important event of 
tlat vear. 

In December, 1787, a vote was carried to 
i:A tlic geographical center of the town, for 
the jurpoFe of fixir)g upon a spot to build a 
in* • tins; house; a method of reconciling lit- 
I'.r <l:iT(rences of opinion more amiacbU than 


\].A frequently resorted to at thij« day. Wheth- 
er i}.i.« action resulted soon in the erection of 
1 in^aing house or not, has not been ascer> 
ta.n« il. It is certain, however, that within a 
f^-wviarg after this time a meeting-house was 
(:• < tid. the frame of which is siill standing, 
iMn^the barn a few rods northeast of Mr. 
.\u>:in Carpenter's house. This meeting house 
— J-* rliaps a ruder name would be more ap- 
jr*^; riaic— was probably built in the Fall of 
K •!, and was firtt occupied early in 1792, 
xlf \ u-iness and religious meetings previous 
to tla« having been held at private dwellings 
n rot.iiion. 

In December, 1791, votes were cast for a 
rfprt-H-ntiiive in Congress. At this election, 
Njihaniel Nilcs received 32 votes in Brook- 
^ Id, Stephen Jacobs 2. and Daniel Buck, 
Cvrn»^liu8 Lynde, and Lewis R. Morris, each 
1 As this election was prior to the introduc- 
tion of electioneering and *'horf«a shedding,** 
i^ i^ not at all surprising that the votes should 
It: thus divided among a number of candi- 
<^^*'^. Owing to tliii fact, th« Toto at this 
ti^iic cannot be regarded at an indei of the 

feelings of a majority of tho ToUn of thk 
Congretf ional diatrici, for H is known tluil 
Daniel Bock received tho tlectioa. 

In Jannary, 1795, the peopU of BrookficM 
voted to tax themselTet £8 '* for a town sto^ 
of powder and lead.** Ko reason is amgnod 
for the vote, and it is no easy matter to cos- 
jectore one, since at that time we wer* ai 
]>eace with all foreign powers. It may possi- 
bly, however, have been a result of the alarm 
occasioned by the ** Whiskey Insorrectioa** 
in Pennsylvania about thai tims. 

There seems to have been a law at this po- 
riod that if proprietors were not prompt ia 
the payment of taxes levied n[K>n their lan4, 
such a part of their land as wonld pay tho 
tax and costs at auction price, was seized and 
sold at public vendue. A tax was levied by 
State authorities in 1797 of one cent on each 
acre, which gave rise to several auction sale* 
in Brook field, the lots sold being mostly thoso 
of non-resident jiroprietors. In this way tho 
land of the town became at that time nearly, 
and soon after wholly, the property of thoso 
residing within its limits, llow stringent and 
summary this law was in its efiocta, may bo 
gathered from the fact that Ichabod Hydo 
lost the whole of his farm in consequence of 
inability to pay taxes, or want of promptnesa 
in paying then. 

For several years, owing to the ondesira- 
bleness of the location of the first meeting- 
house, or a want of agreement regarding it^ 
the subject of building a new house had oc- 
cupied the people's attention. In March, 
1S02, because tlie religious sentiments of thof« 
wiihin the town had become so various, tho 
subject took a new turn, and what had been 
previously the interest and busincM of tho 
town now pa*>sed into the care of the Congro- 
gational society. A meeting of this society 
was called and its action resulted eventually 
in the erection of a meeting-house which was 
occupied for nearly 40 years. Its erection^ 
was commenced in 1S03 or 1S04, and it waa 
coroplctod and occupied in lJ^06. 

These are the leading events of interest up 
to the dates last mentioned ; others of later 
date will be found below under appropriato 


The settlement of Vermont took place at % 
I>eriod whei^ religions ordinances wert ap- 
pointed and sustained by the people as a 
wholo. Each family, when it entared a bow 



. 1 

town, wjtf refjuired to Mi ap&rt a portion of 
iU tabstance for the support of the Oo^]»el in 
that town ; no that religions rites and feelings, 
almost as a matter of course, crept into every 
community And that, too, for the mo^t part in 
Vermout untrammeled by that bigotry and 
tnperstition which has often played so dark 
» part in the founding of colonies, and which 
existed to so frightful an extent in the early 
Mttlements of our own free land. 

It is not known that any religions action 
was taken, or that meetings were held, in 
Brookficld, until a few years after its settle- 
ment The first public action in the matter 
was taken in the S]>ring of 17S0, when it was 
TOted to hire preaching ** for the produce of 
the earth." Preaching was probably obtained 
during six months of every year from that 
time till the t^etllcment of Mr. Lyman. It is 
not known who the mininter was who was 
liired in 1766 ; but in the following year Mr. 
Washburn, of Royalton,preached a part of the 
time, and in 1788 Mr. Thompson, of Chelsea. 
Mr. Cleaveland, of Draintree, also preached in 
Brookfield occutionally during these years. 


was organized in July, 1787, on which occa- 
aion Rev. Elijah Brainard, of Randolph, offi- 
ciated. This church consisted originally of 
thirteen members, the list of whose names is 
lost, but the follow*ing named persons were 
among them: Mr. and Mrs. Caleb Martin, 
Mr. and Mrs. Kathan Alvord, Mr. and Mrs. 
Paul Davison, Mr. and Mrs. Simeon Rood, 
Mr. and Mrs. Philip Ingram, Mr. Ichabod 
Carley, and Mrs. Samuel FrKman. Of these 
Caleb Martin and Paul BaviFon. were chosen 
deacons. This body seems to have gained 
strength, month by month, and in September, 
1768 voted, in ratification of a previous vote 
of the town, to extend a call to Mr. Elijah 
Lyman, then a young man, having scarcely 
completed his studies. The call being accept- 
ed, Mr. Lyman was ordained as pastor of the 
church April 8, 1769. In 1790, the church 
passed a vote to the effect '* that a standing 
committee of three be chosen in the church 
to take cognizance of matters of difficulty 
among the members, ana to u.«e their influence 
for a reconciliation ; but if ineffectual and the 
affair be actionable, they shall bring it prop- 
erly before the church." The annual ap]K>int- 
ment of this committee, who wer^ with rare 
exceptions faithfnl to their duty, is traced 
iown ior 37 yean. 

Mr. Lyman continued pa«tor of the diarch 
until hi.4 death in 1828. During his panto- 
rate several revivals were enjoyed, and tbs 
church was greatly strengthened in numbm 
and influence. For two years subsequent to 
Mr. Lyroan*s death Uiere was no pastor in<) 
only occa5ional preaching. In the Spring of 
1S30, a call wa<* extended to Mr. Daniel WiH, 
which being ac<.-epted, in July following h« 
was ordained, and commenced a pastorate of 
37 years. The whole number of persons who 
ever belonged to this church is nearly 8(i0. 
At one time it consifsted of more than l'<0 
members, but at present it is reduced to lesi 
than one-fourth of that number. In IM?. 
55 of the members withdrew for the pnrj»o4fl 
of organizing a church at the North Villag*. 
Tliis church wan organized and is denominat- 
ed the Second Congregational Church. Thii 
congregation was supjilied with preaching for 
two years by Rev. S. J. M. Lord, then by 
Rev. A. Fleming, who was iU ^titled j»a«ior 
for three years; afterwards by Rev. AS. 
Swift, and Rev. David Perry. Its prwtat 
number of members is about CO. 


For the firpt 20 years after the town was 
settled there was only, one place of wor-liip, 
.it which ne.irly all the inhabitants uniul, 
though instances of "signing off," were <j'ih« 
fre<juenL But as the i»opulation incrf.»*el, 
differencos became more prominent, and the 
necfs.«ily for more than one religious ?ooi*-t7 
more apparent. 

Tlie Universalist society was the fir«t which 
was formed after the eFtablishment of the 
original church. This society was organiz-l 
Jan. 13, 1801, and from that time to the jr.^ 
ent, or for more than 65 years, the Focjf tr. 
which includes its proportion of the inhab. 
itants of the town, has sustained prta; 
a part of the time, the place of worship Uir.g 
usually on the Branch, but occasionally it 
the North Village. 


During the year 1816, there was a consid- 
erable revival of religion, which extended t) 
the western part of Brookfield, where a Urce 
unrober became the hopeful subjects of r« n^w- 
ing grace. In November, 1816, a small com- 
pany of praying j»eople met together at the 
house of Solomon Fobes, and after exprf^j'iTJS 
to each oil*r a mutual conviction that it w.ij 
a duty to associate themselves together as s 
visible church of Chtist, avowed their hAiti 

■; ■* 

^ t" 



)Q tb« docirioM of the Bibl«, and tiDitfd in » 
Tcrl»al coveDAni to coii»idfr themMlvet a 
cLurch. Klder Nathaniel King, of Ilandolph, 
ciwnJed tli« right hand of f«llow»hip, and 
tLuA WAS formed a Freewill Baptist chnrch. 
wLuh at first consisted of 7 u'embert, vi&^ 
Kuovli Cleavtfland, Amot BUncbard, Solomon 
FoK^. Daniel Cluflin, Polly BUnchard, Polly 
CianiD, and Clarenda Claflin. This charch 
hclJ meetings and pro«porod for some years, 
tut on account of certain internal troubles it 
V4k« thought bo«t by the members to disband, 
aiicb was a.cordingly done, in 1831. The 
Dtxt yoar the church was re organised under 
tie iU{*orvihion of Elders 0. Shipman, J. 
Tu ker, and Eli Gark. It then consisted of 
14 members. After tliis the church projtjKirod 
Well, aud at one time coopi«ted of 70 or SO 
Q'j.abers. For the last 12 or 14 years it has 
so: Iteld the regular monthly meetings, has 
Dot been represented in quarterly meetings, 
2Qd l.ut omitted to some extent the church 
cr liiiances. Previous to 1S31>, Uie meetings 
W(re hfld in the school-houne ; but in lS3y 
iDd IMO, the prof^ent church ediEce wad built, 
ar.J was dedicated in November, 1840. This 
church was for some years sujtplied with 
]':ta luDg by Rev. Jeliiel Claflin. 

In July. 1817, a small company of people 
Ct: together at Mrs. llovey's on the East 
Ihii, and " entered into a verbal agrec.-nent 
to c,.L-i«3cr themselves a church of Chri.-t, and 
ijike tlie scriptures to be their only rule of 
'*\\h and practice.'* Elder Nathaniel King. 
cf Handol]*h, gave the right hand of fellow- 
(l.p. and thus was formed a Freewill Bap- 
t>: Church, con^i^ting orginally of 6 members 
Viz. S.imuel Hovey, Jr, J>imeon Skinner, 
Marcia Stoddard, Grace Hovey, Candace Bil- 
l.Lgj. and Melissa Sanderson.* This church, 
^luh Ins compri.'>ed in all N>me 50 members. 
ro::tinQed to hold meetings, and exerted an 
«!' L'ive influence for thirty-five years, or 
ti:.t.l 1S52, since which time no record has 
^-a kept, the members uniting in worship 
*ith other churches. 


Although quite a number of the early in- 
i^Vjiants of the town were Methodist bypro- 
^^-:oo, thera was no action towardi« the 
tr^iniiation of a society previous to 1827 or 
l^Jv About that time Rev. \V. Fisk, after- 
ward of Middletown. Ct, 8j»ent some weeks 
'& tie place and, finding the plan of forming 
^ church or claw feasilde, he, together with la- 

ther Bean, (familiarly ao called) lent hit initt- 
•nc« and energy for tha carrying on of avch k 
work. Qniit a number left tha'Congregft* 
ti&oal diarcb and joined tha tiaw aocioty, 
among whom waa Mr. John Paina, aftarwar^ 
a prominent member of tba MetbodiatcfaardL 
Tha organisation of the Methodiat sociai/ 
was effected in 1S28 or 1S29, and cooUnoad 
for soma yean under the care of Fathar Bean. 
Tha society flourished and rapidly acquired 
strength, so that at one time it exceeded in 
numbers and influenoe every other religioot 
society in the town. The place of worship 
has tisually been on the Branch, in the meet- 
ing-house built by the Methodista and Univer* 
saliiita. A house was also erected at the nortli 
village, about 1832, by the Methodista, Uni- 
ver.-«alista, and Baptists, where the Method- 
ists occasionally had preaching, but thai 
house was destroy od in 1847 or 184S. Preach- 
ers of this denomination have not been sta- 
tioned here every year since the society or- 
ganization ; but for a great part of the time 
preaching has been suKtaiucd, tha li^t of 
preachers compri5ing a large number of earn- 
etit and faithful Christian ministers. 


For the first 30 yean after itB settlement 
Brook field, being an older place than an/ 
other in the immediate vicinity, was quite a 
central point, and on this account as well ai 
by reason of the intelligence of the early in- 
habitants, literary and scientific culture had 
attained to a degree of proficiency not alwaya 
to be found in new settlementa. 

About the year 1795, a ]»roject was set oa 
foot, chiefly through the influence of Iter. 
Mr. Lyman, to supply the inhabitants of 
Brookfield with reading, by means of a Town 
Library. A regularly organized association 
was formed, which included most of the read- 
ing portion of the community, declaring in 
the preamble that the de.<ign of the organi- 
zation was to promote usi-ful knowledge and 
piety. Under the supervision of energctio 
managers, the library steadily increaf^ed, un- 
til it has become an invaluable town instito- 
tion, numbering more than 800 volumes. It 
is said that the holding of a regular meeting 
baa never, in a single instance, been omitted 
since the foundation of the library. Tha 
meetings are held quarterly, on the finU Mon- 
day of the months of March, June, Septem- 
ber and Dc-cember ; the annual business meet- 
ing being that in J una. 


.1 . 

. « 

* • • 

■ • 

; t 




I > 



From the fint tettleiiieDt of the town, the 
cau»e of education received marked attentioD. 
Several of 'the early inhabitanU were liber- 
ally educated men, and these, with otherf 
who appreciated the advantages of an edu- 
cated, enlightened community, exerted their 
wtiole influence in favor of a thorough edu- 
cational system. Bnt, notwithxtanding the 
ability and energy of our fathers, which 
might with profit be emulated at the present 
day, no institution higher than common 
schools was sustained in town till a compar- 
atively late period. In the year 1831, Miw 
Lucy Washburn, who had attended Miss 
Grant's school at Ipswich, where Mary Lyon 
was at that time teaching as a.«si5tant, taught 
a school in this town, and by her mode of 
teaching or in some other way attrarte<> the 
attention of the people to the eFtablifhroent 
of a Female Seminary. In 1832 and 1S33, 
the subject was agitated in this town and 
the adjoining towns, and, after some spirited 
discu^ion between the people of Randolph 
and Brookfield. the committee designated 
Brook field Center as the place for its lo- 
cation. A commodious brick building was 
erected and furnished, and in 1S33, the school 
was opened, with Miss Rachel Dcnison of 
Royalton, as principal. The ]»lan succeeded 
admirably, the number of pupils increased, 
and the seminary almost immediately became 
noted as one of our be^t inf^titutions. Mi^ 
Kancy Tra<k of Beverly. Mass.. a former pu- 
pil of Mi.««es Grant and Lyon, commenced 
teaching here in 1834, and continuf'd princi- 
pal of the seminary till a short time before 
her death, which occurred in the Spring of 
1838. During her temporary absence for a 
few months, in 1835, her place was supplied 
by a Miss Payson. Miss Trask was a faith- 
ful, energetic^ devoted teacher who ever won 
the esteem and love of her pupils, and whose 
faithfulness is even now remembered and 
blessed, by her former patrons and pupils, as 
instrumental of much good. After her health 
failed, a Miss Morse succeeded her, who re- 
mained in charge of the school for a year or 
two, and was the last permanent teacher in 
the seminary. The institution was destined 
to a brief but brilliant existence. The build- 
ing was for several terms after the discon- 
tinuance of the female school, occupied by se- 
lect schools— 4^. T. Lamphear having taught 
two terms, after whom were H. E. J. Board- 

man, F. V. Marcy, U. A.Parttidgeand 0. A. 
Nichols. For some years, too, previous to 
1851, it waa used as a district school house : 
then for more than 10 years it stood, bereft 
of its former beauty and interest, a mooQ. 
ment of popular inefficiency and obstaoacj, 
the haunt of destructively inclined urchini, 
the dwelling place of bats and owls, and at 
present, its wall! are even with the ground. 
The former scenes have fled, but the infloecce 
which those scenes still possess, and the 
memory of that spot will be sacr^ly cher- 
ished, along with that of her whose life wtnt 
out in devotion to her blessed work, and 
whose dust lies sleeping in the gravcjird 
over the hilL 

7R0rE88I05AL XEH. 

The first clergyman who tarried in tows 
was Rev. Elijah Lyman, who was pastor ot 
the Congregational Church from 17^9 t:!l 
1828, In 179S, Mr. Samuel Hovey. who hai 
been a resident in this town for some years, 
was ordained a minister of the Ba]>ti«^t 'ie- 
nomination and afterwards labored in Brf->k- 
field and Chelsea. From 1S30 to 1SG7. K-v. 
Daniel Wild was pastor of the first Congre- 
gational church. Rev. Jehiel Claflin bii 
preached for most of the time at West Brook- 
field since 1838. Rev. Daniel Parker n->i«i' 3 
in Brookfield from 1840 till his death :3 
1M9. He was graduated at the Univervtj 
of Vermont in 1S26, and was never p^-ii.'l 
over any church, though he preached 1 •:h 
before and after his removal to ibis town, i 
good part of the time. He was quite a i- 
tingui^hed writer, being the author of ?ev«rs! 
books, some of which had a more than or ::- 
nary circulation.* Rev. Peter Bean wa* v..* 
first Methodist clergyman in this town. I'T 
whose influence, together with tliat of li- 7. 
W. Fisk, afterwards President of Wej^ley^a 
University at Middletown, Ct, the Meih iifi 
church was formed. Rev. Messrs. Willi »-«. 
H. Johnson. Coburn, E. J. Scott, 
D. Field and H. Webster, of the Methoi:-: 
denomination, have each spent one year c 
more in the town. At the North Vill^.*. 
the following named clergymen have re5i«i' i : 
Rev. Messrs. S. J. M. Lord. A. Fleming. A. ^ 
Swift, D. Peny and C. W\ Kmerson. 

Brookfield has " raised" 21 minister*: 12 
Congregationalists, viz. Fry Bailey ReedjV 
phaa Morton, William Gark, Kelson CUrk, 

*iru prinrlpia publlctttloa wu tb«**C<««titiitiuUJ 
lastractor**— a \t no. book ofjivrhapt VJOjft^ 

.1 " 

; ! 

•' t 




^:,uii»in Abbotl, 0. D. A. llk-bani, C, U. 
U.u' li. O. D. AUU. & L. Bale*. A, 1. Duiton. 
A W*. WilJ an4 E, P. Wild; 6 MMhcli^U. 

TIL Eli^liA Adams, Larot^ Smith. N«rl»on 
Stx.iili. Thomas lUub and A. A. Re^d ; 2 
^r.tWiU Bapti^tiii vift. Almoo Shepard and 
Jtt.i.'l Claflm; one Ca1vini»t Ba|>iiit, Tia, 
H N. Hovej, and <>&• £j>i»copahaD, vix. 
Ilrory Adams. 

uf liw)-«rf, Brookfield has ever beco DfAr- 
Iv or quiU dwlilute, being either loo |>eacea* 
11 ' or too jK)or to sup|»ori them. 

llv 6rKt phvfician was Dr. John Hairing- 
Xnu, who died not long after bis removal into 
il.e town. Dr. WaUor Burnham practiced 
f^r m.iny years. Dr. Daniel Wa«bburo came 
m l'*^^-. and for nearlj 40 years waa th« ^kllllul and popular practitioner in the 
v: ;u:iy. Beside* tlic«e, there have been Drs. 
T.\": |'**»n, Strong, S^pauMing. Smalley, Bai- 
]. V. < n. Smith. J. B. Smith. Wecden. Rood. 
l>.ivnji)rt, Lazelle and Bradford. 

aud »|>ok« to » iMighlKtr of the diMM*, 
of tb« iffiporlaDc« U being prepa r ed at mij 
tim« to lueci deaib. Bt-ior* tb« moraiag 
dawned, she herself had beea attacked a»4 
was its rictim. 

The yesr 1813. was ren&rkable for tbt 
tpiJcmic fHripmeumotty, po called, or lang le- 
ver. During that year« more deaths occarred 
In this town thaa bad been known »o oocor 
bi'fore in one year. In 1S41, th« dysentnrj 
a5rumi«d n more malignant type and wna 
very fatal in this vicinity. In 1^49. eryaip- 
ela^ in a malignant form war prevalent and 
caofcd several deatht. 

But of all the diseases which nppaar 
among as. consumption seems bj far ih% 
moht f.ita] and terrible. Insidious in its at- 
tAck. plow in its progren. bat sore in its re- 
sult«. it im)K!rcepUbly nndcrroinea the con* 
ftituiion. dcfiroys by degrees the vigor and 
vitality of the members and annually bweepa 
5^orrfl of our |»opulation into an early grave; 

r.r.»v»ktjeld ha.« given several of htr sons to : like the insaii.ablo monMer divinities of the 

t'*- ni'-iiral profchsion; among wh<»m were I ht-athen niytliology. claiming its annual hec> 

1 1' jn'a< Kcl)oj;s;,jr,GtorgcFii«k. E. H. AUis. atomb of victims. This di^M-a^ has alwaya 

."i'.iuol Parker. Daniel Parker, jr.. A. W. 
F:.-«nian, 1. A. Freeman, J. L. Perkins and 
Ik D. Freeman, the last four of whom are 


prrvHilcd in our townOiip, and rarely has a 
year pa«*fcd without its claiming at least one 


The firrt fatal accdcnt which ever occur- 

!!*• r<^ were no seasons of ununnal sirknesi j r*d in the totm of Brookfield was probahlj 
cr mortality in Brookfield prior to 1801. that which occAi<ion»-d the death of a Mr. 

>wing year, the Mai>h. who wan engaged in felling trees and 

wa^ rtruck by a falling tree, causing imtant 

About Oi« came lime (1785 or thereabouts) 
a man died near the north line of the town 
while in a i*tate of partial intoxication. 
In 1810, a man named Belknap attempted 

I'urin^ that year and the follow 

'!' r-Lti-ry )>revailc*d to a great ext»*nt and 

"^a* quite fatah In 1805. the typhus fever 

v.'* ] r-valcnt. In 1W>7 and 180H, influenza 

t . i f. Vers were common, and swept off a 

L.!:.l>r of the inhabitanUK. In January 

>n. that terrible sconrpe, the spotted iVver, 

r, ;1- it» appfwnnce. This malady, charac- to cro«s Colt's pond uj^on the ice. reg:ir«ll 

♦, H'- i by lis suddenne5s of attack and the j of the advice ol fri*'nd« who ai^ured him that 

c !r:iy with which it overj»overed the sys- i the ice was not strong enough. He ]»erM)kt«d 

••T. and reached the vitals, was likened to • in trj'ing it, but had not proceeded far before 

t:*i I'.ague of the old world; and not im- 
p i-rly, for, as in the case of tho««e attack* 
*-J ly ilie ]ilague, the first sym)>ton of this dis- 

he broke through and was drowned. This 
accident 04^ca.«iioncd the building of the float- 
ing brid)^. 

ti-" wa^ usually a redne«8 and burning of | In 1^20, John Allen was engaged at Mr. 
fc' n-le Fpot upon the b*>dy, which rapidly Fisk's, on the Branch, in prying up a large 
er* nled. accompanied by acute pain, and stone. The stono was nearly '^nt of its bed, 
t'l».-5 relief was obtained, death en»»ued in a , when by Home a4cident it fell back with ill 
f'w hours. In Brookfield, there were many ^ whole weight striking the lever, which flew 
ti<^ % and 14 deaths in 3 weeks from the first bark with great force and the man. not 

»II*arance of the disease. Among the lat- 
ter was the wife of Maj. Nathaniel Wheatly. 
^^0. in the evening, was engaged in ironing 

having time to move, was struck u]*on the 
head and instantly killed. 
Experience Fikk. jr.. was lost at sea offtb* 



I , 




AUantic coast io June, 182d. He wa« on ijoDcture the women put to the belpiog btD«i 



board tbe Herald, which tailed from Charles- 
ion. 8. C. 

In 1S2S. Martin Wright was killed by fall- 
ing from the roof of a barn on East Hill. 

In 182S, a man named Webster was found 
dead in the road near the Peck farm— hi.^ 
death probably having been caused by intox- 

In November, 1S28, Samuel Stone .waj> 
killed instantly by the upsetting of his w^ag- 
on, Tliis occurred on the Branch. 

In 1842, a son of Jonathan Edson, abont 
six yean of age, was playing, with a compan- 
ion, about the saw-mill, at the north village, 
when a log rolled down from its place crush- 
ing and killing him instantly. 


In 1791— 421 
1800— 9S8 

In 1830—1677 - 

18">0— 1602 


In the early history of the town, Cajit. 
Cross commanded a company of militia. At 
a muhter on the Branch on one occasion, not 
being i»ecultarly profioi^ut in knowledge of 
military tactiiv, he i:» said to have given the 
following original and dfci.<ive order: " Boys, 
go on till you come to yonder manure hca]> 
— then stop.** 

A certain street, west of the center village, 
has for years been known as " Poverty I^ane ;" 
jind the origin is this ; Of the two 
brothers, the one who lived on the west street 
was a temperance man, while the other wa^^ 
a lover of tippling. As the former was on 
one occasion inviting his neighbors and 
townsmen to a "raising," he was jocosely 
told by his brother that if he would furnish 
liquor for.his men his street should receive a 
good name, but if he was so niggardly as to 
refuse, it should be christened" Poverty Lane." 
As he adhered strictly to his temf»erance prin- 
ciples, the name was conpled with the str«:et 
in good earnest; though like many of our 
common names it is. and has always been, as 
great a misnomer as that of the '* man in the 

When the first framedbarn was raised, the 
resident! of tliis town and some from Wil- 
liamstown assembled to witness the novel 
•pectacle. The men commenced raising the 
broadside, elevated it about breast high, and 
could raise it no higher. At this critical 

and the frame was put togetlier witliout far- 
ther difficulty. 

Mr. Howard was annoyed by the vii^iu of 
a pertinacious old bear in his cornfivli 
Having resolved to circumvent his uri>iuc 
tormentor, he repaired to the field, one nigut, 
to watch. Soon he heard the bear as he t ji.- 
poscd, when, in an unaccountable manner, h.s 
courage suddenly foisook him, and he rao f>r 
the nearest tree. Climbing apparently to i 
place of safety he remained in a very uu- 
pleasant state of mind till daylight, when, on 
looking around, instead of finding him»*'lf m 
the top of the tree, he saw that the hrauch 
had bent down, and he sat flat on thegrouoi 

Mrs. Oliver Hauiblin, having had her ftori 
previously excited by Indian stories, was out 
night aroused from sleep by noises m^Ik^Ii 
seemed to proceed from a tield, near by, wL« re 
there were some log-lieaps, burning. tL* 
heard, occasionally, low exjdosive K>un]», 
resembling the ena]iping of green corn h-i'i" 
a fire. These her excited mind readily iu^ r- 
preted as such, and imagination supj'lK^*] ii--:z % 
the darkne>8 the dusky forms of sevtTil In- 
dians holding a fe^i^t, as she suj>] (t^ed, jrv- 
paratory to an attack upon the house, h 
all the wretchedness of fuspens-e, phe wa::* i 
till morning, when day-li^^ht revealed 1.-: 
mistake, and restored her to her wo:;tii 

On another occasion, Mrs. Grover, seoii.z i 
hi-nT aj»proach the liog-pen, seized a firel-ra:.], 
the men of the family being all ah-eut. .«:. 1 
ran out to fright-en him away. By her txr- 
tions, she ke]>t bruin at bay till day 1..:.'^ 
when he found it prudent to decamp. 

A good story is told of Timothy Cowl-^. 
the first justice of the pf-aco, which, hoW' \\:. 
proves him no worse, but less fortuna> i. .»n 
his fellow townsmen. Soon afier his elvi-i. 3 
to that important office, and while its vf. :* 
uj»on his vanity were still noiiceaM**. lie ^^ »* 
invited to attend a "raising," or similar f'l" •• 
ering, on the Branch. Of course, heiHi; • "• 
of the chief dignitaries, he must shine »n • .• 
the finery j»ossible. So, having borrow- 1 a 
fine blue surtout of Mr. David Bigeluw, l* ^^^ 
out for the rendezvous of the day. As a u: •*• 
ter of course, spirits material, if not imin.i'.' - 
rial, performed th«ir part in the exoroj-* 
and the poor squire, in defiance of his o*:' 
to use his authority in prf*erving the ful .- 
peace, soon found himself id a condition m^ 




promotive of di»turbaDC« tb»D of p«AC6. Bat 
bi5 humiliation did not end hert. FortoData- 
]y, DO event occurred, at the raiting, which 
dfmaodtfd hit official services and he, with 
otlie!i, commenced the homeward journey. 
Dut, from one of tboee sudden and vioUnt 
iiaiuUes of gravitat*on, such as are occasion* 
i!!v experienced hy weak-hrained mortals, 
in cro<-ing a rude bridge, the doughty squiro 
VA5 brought to a halt, in a position more 
miking than elegant Mud and waterdripped 
from evfry part of his person, and his own 
fc« lines, a^ well as those of the no more sober, 
lut more fortuntie men about him, can be 
UwtT imagined than described. Suffice it to 
r%v. that his vanity was humbled, his day*i 
fr.joyment spoiled, and the borrowed blue 
0T< r, the pride of the occasion, utterly 

Amabel Tyler kept a small store, for some 
Trars, on tlie Branch. At one time, having 
03 l.aad a hogshead of very fine salt and an- 
cihcr of very coafse salt, it occurred to him 
that, hymixing them together and scaling the 
mature at the price of the finei»t, he might 
make »omething of a speculation. He pro- 
(^ if J to carry out bis plan, when to his 
iUgrin, he found that he had but little more 
t* aa one hogshead of salt, — of both kinds 
Tiir' j.henomenon is explained by a well- 
kiijun law of natural philo«ophy. with which, 

ar«, he was unacquainted. 

A fimple-minded man named Call, who 
\.\v\ on the East Hill, remarked to a neigh- 
^ T. one Autumn, that the ears of corn in his 
:Mi were all Foun^ and good, there being no 
"[•1^ roTQ*' among them, and he did'nt know 
i^La: to do to *ui«ply his hogs with food. His 
a jlibor replied^ that he would exchange 
fviat of his own poor corn for a load of his 
f :)unl corn ; and this Call actually did, — not 
ft- ing the point of the joke. 

During the visit of the Prince of Wales to 
^l:« country, not many years after the close 
t-f the Revolution, that bigotcid scion of roy- 
a':y parsed through Vermont, ou his way to 
'^'taia. In the northern part of Brookfield 
^'•^■M .\bner Pride, a shoemaker by trade. 
*"1. as his house was a long way from any 
' -^tr, it was frcquentlv made a stopping* place 
*y travelers. The Prince called here for 
••'r.*hment, on his journey, and. when about 
t-«ke hi* Ifeave, stf-pj-ed up to Mrs. Pride, 
►aury freedom, and kij-yed her. Observ- 
'•'o ^^>t she showed signs of resentment, he 


remarked, tooUiingly, **0, aevw mind; yo« 
can now tell your peo|Je that' you have had 
the honor of being kif««d by aa Esgliah 
Prin€«." Mr. Pride, from hie work at hii 
bench, had witneseed the scene and, hemr-> 
ing these words, rose indignantly, and, with 
a kick, more forcible than graceful, ejected 
the im)>ertinent prince from the door, sendini^ 
after him this mocking fkrewelW **0, nev«r 
mind ; you can now go home and tell yoor 
people that you have had the honor of being 
kicked out of doors by an American cobbler.** 

voAi raivs. 
Perhaps no better justice can be done than 
merely to copy the inscription upon the mon- 
ument, at Mr. Paine's tomb: 

"This monument, erec^d as a' tribute of 
filial atTeeiion. is sacred to the roemo^ of 
Noah Paine. EUq.. who departed this lift, 
March 2, 1^25, aged 67. He was bom in 
Pomfret. Ct., Feb. 1. 1753. F^arly in life,h« 
joined the American forces, in the cause of 
hbcTty and ind<r|»endence, and it was not 
until the faticue!«, privations, and snfferingfi 
of the camp nad impaired his health, and 
nearly bruk^n down his con^itution. that he 
was prevailed upon to leave the service of his 
country, i^oon after tiie Revolution, he emi- 
grated to this town. — then almost a tr»rkleea 
wihJern^j^s, and. after furveying a large por- 
tion of it, he located himself on a farm, en- 
couDt4<ring. with frail health, the hardships 
iucident to tlie hettlnaent of a new country. 
By hi^ economy and close attention to sgri- 
cultural pursuit*, industry, and i»en«everance 
in buMHc^s, he acquired a decent property, 
and tht;reby laid the foundation of tlie future 
prosperity of his family.** 

Mr. Paine and his brother John, with Capt. 

Cro«9 and Mr. Howard, were the first settler* 

of the town. 


Esquire Hubbard was born at Hadley, 
MsKs., Sei»t. 4, 1745; Was graduated at Har- 
vard University in 17t>5; and moved to thia 
town about 1 7d9. He waa town clerk for 20 
years, and was a very prominent roan in tlie 
early history of the town. '* He was a good 
scholar, an able writer, and an acute reaaoner. 
On Kome points of divinity he inquired ; om 
f ome he doubted. But believing, through th« 
merits of Christ, he had an unshaken belief 
which enabled him, in full possession of hii 
understanding, to meet death with perfect 
composure.** Ue died, Apr. 29. 1822, ag«d 77. 


This man; who has figured so ext^sively 
in the affairs of Brookfield, was born in 17G2, 
at Shrewsbury, Maaa. When Yery young, b« 

* '.J 













■» I 

beoime » member of the militia, but was not 
culled into acu?o tenrice in the Revolution. 
Afterwards, he removed to Pax ton, Mast., 
where he was employed at clerk in a mercan- 
tile house. Hit employers, having business 
in Randolph, Vt., sent him to that place to 
transact it This occurred in 1785. He re- 
mained in Randolph till about 1793, when 
he moved to Brook field and settled on the 
Branch. He kept the first store in town and 
for 15 years flourished in that business. He 
then turned to agricultural pursuits, which he 
followed, exclusively, the remainder of his 
life. He was an active, energetic man in 
whatever he undertook. He wat honest in 
his dealings, strict in his mocals, and coneif^t- 
ent in his religious #v'alk ; at all times influ- 
ential in the community, and the recipient 
of many responsible offices from hit fellow 
townsmen. He was twice married : to Natby 
Pride, Sept 18, 1794, and to Lois Oris wold. 
Dec 12, 1808. He left a numerous family, 
three of whom are still living. His death 
occurred in April, 1840. 


Mr. Lyman was born in 1762 or 1763. His 
early life is entirely unknown to us, as, pre- 
vious to liis settlement over the church iu 
Brookfield, his home and that of his father's 
family had not been in this vicinity. He 
was a native of Tolland, Ct, and was gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College in 17S6. In 17«0. 
when he had hardly finished his studies, he 
received a call to settle in Brookfield. This 
invitation he considered, with prayerful delib- 
eration and. having formed his decision, he 
set forth to the people his views upon the 
matter in a letter which, even now, is often 
read and quoted, as an expresi^ion of rare 
simplicity and humility of character. 

The writer has repeatedly heard remarks, 
from the former parishioners of this devoted 
minister of Christ to the effect that '*Mr. 
Lyman was a good, but not a great man." 
All his works were characterized by great 
earnestness, regard for truth and love of 
souls; yet he was diffident and retiring, and. 
on this account, shrank back much from soci- 
ety. Tliough not without his faults, his 
management of the affairs of the church was 
careful and prudent and, though during the 
latter years of his pastorate his health was 
impaired and his spirits broken by affliction, 
yet his ministry was eminently successful, 
and, "being dead, he yet tpeaketh.** 

He died, April 12, 1828, aged 65,— haviog 
been pastor of the church for 39 years. 


was bom at Whately, Mass., April 13, 1704. 
At the age of 16 he enlisted in the army of hi« 
country, and served till the close of the war. 
He then returned to AVhately, where, whtn 
23. he was married and, 9 years after, or 
about 17%, removed with his family to Troolt. 
field ; purchased 400 acres of land and, iur 14 
years, gave his attention to its tilla;:;e. He 
then opened a public house, which h*^ k*j.i 
for more than 40 years. He had 8 clnMr-.n. 
all of whom settled in Brookfield, witliin 3 
miles of the old homestead and for more tl.aa 
40 y^art attended chtirch at the same h<)i:«e 
with their father. 

Capt Edson was a man of much enrrgy 
and perseverance and of good religiou<: jrin- 
ciple ; public-spirited, zealous in the cau^c of 
education, prompt in supj^orting the Go-j^l, 
and liberal to all the oKjecls of C}»^i^:l^n 
charity. He died in February, 18o3, ag^ 1 ?5 


born at Windham, Ct., Mar. 7, 1743; al^ui 
17S0, removed to Lyme. N. H.; in 17J^1. to 
Norwich. Vt.: in 1795, to Brookfield, au<1 uni- 
ted with the Congregational church. Al''»ut 
this time hid viewi^ underwent achango ns lo 
the proper mode of baptism aud he roinov* i 
his church relation to the Baptists in Ch*-!- .i. 
He soon commenced preaching and in Jun^. 
1798, was ordained jis an evang«;li.*i. H:« 
ministry was quite tuccessful and was o^u- 
tinued till age rendered him too infir.-n to 
perform its duties. He lived with tho \K'.k 
of his youth for upwards of 70 years, and 'l;--! 
in 1633, aged 90 years and 2 months. 


Conspicuous among the early inhahitaniJ 
of Brookfield, noted for their energy, jfr-f- 
verance and fortitude, and especially an-rg 
those distinguished for their intelligence, ri- 
tensive influence, and genuine piety, w.« 
good Dea. Arllis. He was graduated at Har- 
vard University in 17B7; lived in IlaiJlli. 
Mass., a few years and then moved to Wil- 
liamsburg, Mass.. where he resided till 17I''. 
during his residence in this latter place, cho- 
sen deacon in Rev. Joseph Strong's cliur' h. 
He spent two Summers in Brookfield hcfore 
moving his family, during which time U 
cleared about 25 acres of land and put tip * 
bam and honse. In February, 1791, be 
moved hit family to his new homa. Soeo 


« . 




^\eT bit rrmoral to th» town. b« «m *l«-ie4 ••wi TAWfUo* wa« tbc Uml vb«rt Im 

d-»r<*fl in fH« ConpTf^atinnml c}iarch. which 4«ir«4 to Uhor. H« b^gfts m prefiAfmUify 

c2i*.e h« h«-M for mon ihan 35 yran. He cootm of »Ui4y si Randolph, bot his kcmlik 

li\ri to a goo4 oM a#^^ rtrered by a nnoKT- fail^, a»<I h« wm coin{<rll«si, tbon^ rcUe- 

00* jx^XMity. honored fttt4 re*i«ert«^ by hi« t*ntly, to al&n^ioa tb« chenilKnl bopoof ne- 

n*.:;\i^>r» nnd fellow citij4^«. Hedieil Apnl .loinng* liUral eJucaiioa. H&Tingr«g»iaod 

3 l\i5. aged S". ' ^^ health, howrr^, h« Mi a renewed davtrv 

MAJ. Jl ATM A5irL W1E4TLET. ' *^ P'"» •*» »^« B'^^H- "^ »f''' ■''^^ P^?*'- 

, ^ ,, . ,.,^, ,.., , ' fal rrfl«s ti-in. l.« a]«|>lied to. am) wm U««nae4 
cAselo UrookfirW in 17?H>, or l.CM, and at .,-,,.' i ,, 

CL e t'vk a i.rt.minent part in pul-lic atfaira, . • • i . * o .i. i • 't ...^ 

*^ . . • , • , .lainrd a* an Evani:»*lLn at IWlhel,inAogiM4» 

f^r *:.Kh hi* n4tive aWiljiy and iTevjoa* ex- ;, -, , i i i i i i r^^ x -^ 
* , . , 1 i. ^ . ..1 I Isll.afirr which he laliortd m Orange, Top*- 

f-r.^L-e abundanliT quanned him. lie be- i . « • i », ^ m j ^ji u 

I . , - ^ , 'Vain, Bethel. riii-fi^-M. and Addi»on. H« 

<a-.,e a larce land owner, and was reioAraa- i i * n i i .i * 

... ,1 1. t^»«*n remove J to B.irre aad lub^c^iuentlj t# 

i;v #Lfo*-*luI in a;;niuU«irai pur^oiu. Ji« i ,, v* i» i i. j j v u 

^ . , \ , . llaDover, >. H., wlure be died m November, 

alway* a^ted from I'miciple, and hi« name is . 

Li'-.l'-'i down with prai«e for hi* rrlij;ioa8 ' 

\j:ia-*. He died July 23. 1^J4. ag^ 7i 


v^rn in rre«ton. Ct., lT.'i2. Wlien \^ yearn 

o' 1 riTje with hi« father's fa*nily toXorwirh, 

Vt f/t"! ft-r ec»ll<^ge; pradiiatH at Hanover 

n ITT'.*: t3n;i:\t a f*w y'» in riuuf'*-ld, Ct , 

8'. I Norwich. Vt ; January, IT'^O. wa> mar- 

Ti- i to Lnry J^tort^y. of Norwich, and in S«p- cliurch, i^hich oflio 

t'V.^-^r, IT^l, movod to l;r<K>kfi'ld. H«-re h^ A« a man of inl^-grity and round judgment, 

li' ' :• 1 on hi* f.irrn during the Summer* and ! h*» d"«trve*ily po'»*»*^M'd llie contidence of hia* 

tanjl.t K-hoiA during liie Winters, till m<^»ro ; ft lluw town«m»-n and h* Id. at th*-ir hao<U. 

V in '/Oytar* of age. He did in 1^-0, ag«d many jHi-itions of tru«t. He w.v» a man of 

few worJ^, prudent in eoun^el, yet faithful 
and efficient in tlie di^charpe of duty. Hit 
interest in the fahhaih-.'chool md in the 
training of the young for j>o^.tion< of infla 
in«'e in K>i-i».»ty, wa^ deeply and cun-tauily 
manif^'led. None intinial-ly knew liitn bat 
to c>t4fm him a-i an earnest OiriMian. a 
ju!irjr»tis counsellor and a faithful friend. 
He die! in April. l^GO. 

Mo<lr«t and genial in hi^ dej^ortinent, mild 
An<l peaceable in hit dealings, ardent and d*- 
votrd 10 hii Master's work, his inflncnc* fa- 
in aim. 


was h*)Tn in Brook6(Id, in 1M>|, and was 
altvavs a rt-tid<nt of tliis U>wn. In 1932, h« 
\va^ cho*i'n deaion in the Congrt-gaticnal 

e he held till his death. 



V rn in Randolph, in 17^ — two yenr« before 
K> jirentf removed to Brook field ; at ili*? a;:;c- 
cf ]'i W-4P hojifuUy converted, and wnh th*' 
I- .'inning of the new life cxT»erien(.*»d an ar 
d ■'it •bijire to become a minift'*r of the gos- 
j*-l. At that period his attention wa^ <'<pec 
ia'.Ij directed Ui the foreicn mi«^ionary work 

> . 

A'V.t. p.oval 
A'::v E:!)M"rt H. 
A-M«. >.ibnon P. 
J I'ir.i'-i'-r, Jr»hn 
1 .'*:,>!*r, William 
I i'- -li-r, B. A. 
J 1 i>, Henry A, 
h :-l<.w. Kdwin C. 
l.:-. »w, RoUrt C. 
1 i\:o]y, Lewie J. 
I' iTi l.ard.Timothy 
b >.'*., (]<>orge A. 
y ') f*. Henry M. 
^' \ "*. Orza 
hTAUy, lohn W. 
hr.rf Kdmnnd H. 
Bmci, Twing 


C 15 

eoLDir.Hs or tie 

S^. KniisUd. 

Sept. 11, T,2. 








July 2S. V,2. 
Dec. 2«i. 't»3. 
^Vpt. 11. •iJ2. 
Jan. 5, \\\, 
Ph:. 2^, '03. 



Aug. 5, *G3. 
Jane 2ft, 'Cx 


15 Sept. 11, 62. 
•• •• 

A 7 Aug. 23. '04. 

C Car. Sept. 23, '61. 

B 11 Dec. 5, '63, 

" Nov. 30. '63. 

B 4 Dec 17 63. 

" Dec. 23. *63. 

F 12 Ang. 22. '62. 

A Cat. Ang. 2<5, '64. 



Stir;:* -on. lost on the"BainbridgA.'' 
Tr. tA Inr. corpt. 
Tr. t/> Co. A. 
July 24. 'Co. Reeuli*.ied. 

Died of wounds. May 30, *64. 
Died At AnderjionvilU July 29.64. 

Aug. 5. '63. 
May 31. *66. 
Ang. 25, '65. 
Jnlj 18, '65. 


Jnlj 14, *63. 

Tr, to Inv. corpt. 
Tr. to Vet lUt. corpt. 



Cahilt, Thomtt 
Carl, OcUviut 
Carpenter, Ira 
Carpenter, M. A. 
Cheney, Alpheus H, 
Claflin, George W. 
ClaBin, HoUisO. 
dailin. Levi D. 
Clark, Unal A. 
Collins, Moffcs 
Colt. Daniel jr. 

Conland, Martin E 
Cram, Abram E. O 
Cram. Merrill H. F 
Crocker, Charles H.Q 
Davenport. N. B. G 
Davis, John G 

Davis, Norris L. C 
Ditty, Erie L. P. H 
Doropier, loaiah K 
Donahue, John D. C 
Downing, Jesse V(j. C 
Downing, Lucas B 
Downing, M. D. I 
Downing, Simeon B 
Dudley. Orin P. F 
Dupuys, Antoine G 
Durkee, Sidney 
Edson, Charles A. G 
Ed5on, Henry L. C 
Edson, Myron W. F 
Emery, George A. G 
Emery, Silas F 

Erskine, Edson a •• 
Fi.*hcr, Lewis E, G 
Fii'k. Charles A. F 
Foster. James A. £ 
Freeman, Austin I. D 
Freeman, Henry F. G 
Freeman, Julius ** 
Fullam, Calvin B 
Fullam. Levi N. G 
Fuller, Jason £. K 
Gallagher. Jaroet B 
Gilligan. Pat. C. D 
Oilman, Hiram W. 
GlyMon.Edward A. 
Graves. Oscar E. B 
Griswold, John A. G 
Hall, Edwin C. G 
Hay ward' Sam*l A. 
Heath, John F. C 
Herrick, D. E. 
Hibbard. Edwin a " 
Hibbard, F. P. F 
Hovey, Charles W. C 
Howard. Henry W. D 
Jacobs, James D 

Kent, George H. B 
Kt-nt. Sanford H. C 
Kent. William E. 
Kingsburr, Fred. B 
King>*burv Georgt G 
Kinney, Anarew J. G 
Kinney, Georgt F. G 
La Molt, James C 

C Cav. 
B 4 
C 15 




Oct 9, '61 - 

Aug. 27, '61 
Sept. 11, '62. 


Sept 30, '64, 
Aug. 6, '63. 









Atfg. 1. '62. 
Dec. 4, *61. 
Nov. 23. 'SL 
Feb. 22. 64. 
Aug. 8, '62. 
Aug. 21, 02. 
Aug. 4, '63. 

17 Mar. 29, 64. 

8 Dec 10, '61. 
1. S.S.Aug. 15, 64. 

10 Aug. 23, *64 

9 Juiie20, '62. 

8 Dec. 27. '61. 
15 Sept. 11, '62, 

6 Aug. 14, '61. 

7 Dec. 23, '61. 
15 Sept 11, '62, 

9 Dec 28, '63. 

10 July 12. '62: 

11 July 17, '62. 
4 Sept 2. '61. 

Cav Aug. 16. '64. 

8 July 1.64. 

9 Dec. 30, '63. 
10 Aug. 1, '62. 

Cav. Sei»t 23, '61. 

12 Aug. 21, '62, 

10 Dec. 26. '63. 

12 Aug. 18, '62. 


June 22, '65. 
July 14, '63. 

May 13, 65. 
June 28, '65. 
June 19, '65. 

June 13, *65. 

Aug. 5. '63. 
June 26, '65. 

Aug. 5. '63. 

Oct 21. '62. 
Jan. 17, '62. 
June 21, '65. 

Nov. 18, '64. 
July 14, 63. 
June 29, '65. 
July 14, '63. 


1st lieut pro. Capt Jan. 15, '63. 
Commissioned in colored troops. 
Died Sept 29, '62. '^ 

Been, in Co. D. 17. 
Died Aug. 24. '64. 
Pro. sergt 

Drafted, killed at Winchester. 
Sept 19, '64. 


Killed Oct 19, '61 

Des. Sept £0. '63. 

Be- en. sergt, pro. 2d A 1st lieut 
Be-en., deserted. 

Tr. to Co. A. 

Musician, Tr. to Inv. corps 


Died Oct 16, '64 

Died Mar. 7. *64. 


2 8S 














Aug. 23, '64. 
Mar. 23. '64. 
Aug. 15. '62. 
Sept 24. '61. 
Aug. 6. '62, 
Aug. 8. '62. 
Mar. 1. '62. 
Aug. 4. '62. 
Dec. 7. '61. 
Aug. 22, '61. 
Sept. 18, '61. 

Aug. 28. '61. 
Aug. 8. '62. 
Dec 17, '63. 

Apr. 16. '63. 
May 18. '62. 

Sergt. killed Oct 19, '64. 
June 12. '65. 
Apr. 14, '65. Tr. to Inv. corps. 

Killed Nov. 27, '63. 
Feb. 25, '63. 

Pro. sergt Maj. 

15 Sept 11, '62. 



Dec. 5, ,62. 
June 27, '65. 
Aug. 5, '63. 

Tr. to Vet res. corps. 









Dec. 26. '63. 
Sept 11, '62 
Feb. 22, 64. 
June 23, '62. 
Mar. 18, '62. 
Sept. 23. '61. 
Sept 11. '62. 
Dec. 17. '63. 
Aug. 23, '64. 
Dec. 30, '61. 
Aug. 8. '62. 
Sept 11, '62. 

Aug. 6, '63. 
July 14, '65. 

Apr. 12, '65. 
>rar. 28, '63. 
Aug. 6, '63. 

June 22, '65. 

Aug. 5, .63, 

Died June 9, '64. 
Died Dec 11, '62. 

Died Apr. 8, *64. 

Died July 22, '68. 
Died Nov. 24. '62 




. « 




U'^D*r4. Hil>bard C 

L.'>vr.f»3r. Arthur F. C 

I. \'/*v, Frankhn B 

L\ ajin. David O 

I.'. .'J*, riiari** C F 

^: * -i.n. Kilry H. B 

v.. a. <;r.;r^^ K. ^ <J 

\: i\ Ain. >Jk'u'l W. £ 

\: \ *v. Jn]»n C 

:»: ::.;i. Joho F. o 

i! :-.., Albt^rt J. 

M .:.a. ;.»*ia!i B. 

i i.-'if' Irving 8, 
I «r : -i^-r, J. K. 
i *:• >a. (Vorge II. D 
I- k. Ca*MU* F 

ir'AUJ, Wil'iamH.C 
I.":«. rorn#-|ju« •• 
I. •;. t.i»r«','>*-orgt \V. B 
I.i\ .O'irr, JoliU W, O 

f.* 1. riit-.urr L. 

I. * \ Ja;n»M T. 
Ul. Sjin'l P. 
!• L tr-i-. 'i»^*»rp« 
I ' i-r 1*, i'^t-tih 
1 -. 'Ijarl^f L. 
I. ", ^'f^tTZ^ E. 
r; .' '.'n*. <i''or;;eC. B 
I. i Charity N. F 

P. -1. Oliver 

I- ' 'h^a, Jatnei A 

•• ..'i'ury, Eben. F 

* .'a. John U 

* • '.l^-v, Aaron K. G 

* .«.>v. Alfred B. - 
^ -.J.y. Henry \V. A 
" • I'.i. AuMin A, C 
^ ' >. Aim D. K 

* •'* I>. nniiiP. D 





Horace 9. 

> AU, Horace T. 
■" ''li, .I*»lin A. jr. F 

> .. /h, .loMah 
^ I'l. Nathan C. D 
•v.'n. Wiiliaia D. A 
^ -ijii*-, KJwin A. C 
^ 'i-^^r, John C. B 

> ^von, Carlo* E. C 
I". .r*on,^f*-orge R. I 
''^aJJle. William O 
A -•Ml ij<.. K. W. B 
;'• '• Jr.-r. L/roy M. C 
.'■""l-A-ll. E.J. A, I 
;'' Ji. Wilhain O 

;^"', William jr. F 
;• ''*tlv, Al*on L.C 

J''»^'tl.y. E.C. C 

)J'»'r,ty.A. B. O 

JJ;..inf'y. David C 

•'."!* y. Alexander O 

i\ ;;cry. Jamci H. B 

^i'uatot, Irm F 







2S. S. 
1 8.8. 


























IS. s. 


Aig H. V^l. 

Sft|.L II. hi 
Aug. M. 02, 

S-i'i. :w>. til. 
Im: 17. Nn. 
Auj? 22. '^2. 
Aug. .:2. til. 
Aug. 4, *«»2- 
<Vl -•<>. Hi 
S-j.l 11. Nil 
Dec 21. 't>3. 
Jan. 2il. >ii 
JuD« 1, 'bl. 
Aug. If*, •ii 
isii. 11. •♦?!. 
Aug 22. •H2. 
Aug 14. 61. 
IVc. 17. 'rti. 
S|»u 11, V»l. 
S-j.u 11. 'til 

Aug. 5. lO. 

Ang !• •«. 

Jolv 14. 'HS. 
Nui 17. tii 

l>t«- 2u. 'tia. 

Aug. 5. *63. 

July 14. C^. 
S-j.t. 13. T4. 
Jon* 13, '66. 

5>pt 13. *&L 
Aug. 6. '03. 


Di«d Dec 2S, iL 

- .1 .< I 

• ■ • , 
I r I 

s - 

lU^n^ killed May 6. *6I. 
Pied Feb. 22. '65 ' 
Killed A|ir. 18, 62. 

Dea. Jqm 25. *63. 


( ■ 

Aug. 1 2, 'CI. 

Aug. 23. V4. Jun6 22,*65. 

Aug 1. '62. 

Died Mar. 23. 62L 

0.t. 7. '«1. 
Mar. 1, 'ti^. 
Jan. ll.»;2, 
Nov. 3<3. 'Ol. 
Aug. 8. '(;2. 
Aug. 2.3. -64. 
Aug. 27. •♦;t 
Aug. 19. '02. 

Jan. 17. T.2. 
Aug. 23. '«i^ 
Mar. 24. 'ii4. 
July. 1. '04. 

Aug. 23. '64. 
S^-j.t. 11. •<;2. 
S**pt. 7. '61. 
Aug. 24. '64. 

Dec 17. 'HX 
Aug. 23. 'r,2. 
Dec. 17. y>3. 
Dec. 23. U3. 
Aug. 23, ♦Jl 
St-I'L 11, '<i2. 
Aug. 23. '04. 
S^I»t. 11. '62. 
Dec. 29. 'C3. 
»e|*t 2*61. 
Aug. 22. 'fii; 
Sej.t. 2f«. *C1. 
Aug. 8, T.2. 

Diod of Wi>undfl Jun« 23^ *64. 
Tr. Ui Inv. corpa. 
Di*^ June 7. 'ii2. 
Jone 28. *05. He enlijit^d. 
CuuiU))K>ioucd>in colored Iroopa. 


Dec. 2»«, .«3. 
Sept. ll.*62. 
AuR. 1. '62. 
Sept. 11. '82. 
Aug. 8. •tJ2. 
Mar. 26. '62. 
May ;, '61. 

Sept 1. '05. 

Mar. 31. '63- 
May 23. 'Co. 

June 26. *65. 
June 29. 'Oo. 
June 29, '65 
June 21. Go. 
Aug. 5. '63. 

Jnne 21, '65. 

June 29. '6.5. 
July 14. '63. 
July 18, '65. 

July 14. '65. 
Aug. 5. '63. 
Aug. Z\ U]5. 
Aug 5, '63. 
June 15. '65. 

Sopt. 30. '64. 
Nov. 18. '64. 
Aug. 1^ 6«». 
June 13. '65. 

Ang. 6, '63. 

Aug. 5, *63. 

Aug. 9, '62. 
ICoT. 10. •62. 

K^^n. Co. D. 17: liillod atCoM 
Harbor, Juue 3.'61. pro.pergi. 

KilUnl May 6, 'OL 
Re en. 

Re en., killed May 5, *64. 
Lof«t on board llie Bainbridgii 

Tr. to vet. re^. corpe. 
Killed Feb. 2, t>4. 

Died at Anden'onvilleOct 26,*64. 

Tr. to vet rea. corf^ 

Died at Florent*,8. C. Sept 'CL 

Commiwioned in colored troopt. 
Pro. 2d and let lieut. Deserted. 


4# * 


• * 



\ ' 

1 • 

I : 









I cannot give complete lUta of the phyiti- 
cUni, Uwyer», collegiates, Stmte and U. S. offi 
cen, militia officers, revolutionary soHiers and 
pensioners; soldiers in tbe war of 1S12 and 
the Mexican war. I suppose it would not do 
to publish incomplete lists, so I give no facts 
on these points. [Where perfect lists cannot 
be given, we still a&k the be^t that can be 
given-:^as we did here, so we still do. — Ed.] 

1 tannot tell when ihe Brookficld P. 0. 
was established nor who was first P. M. 

There was a Masonic Lodge at Brookfield 
Center previous to the Morgan affair, since 
then there has been none. 

No chief justice nor as^^istant justice has 
ever been appointed from Brookfield. Two 
judges of probate, Frederick Griswold and 
John R. Clcaveland — the latter now holding 
the office — having held it since *C2. Two 
County Senators— Daniel Colt, 1853 ; Z. M. 
Upham, 1800. '61. 



Chelsea, Uie »hire town of Orange County, 
occupies nearly the geographical center of the 
county. It is traverted from north to south 
in nearly the middle of the tow^nship by the 
" First Branch" of White River. This branch 
is a considerable stream, affording some very 
fine mill-eite:^ and water privileges in its course, 
although very few of them are within the 
town of Chelsea. " Chelsea Green,*' which is 
the only village in the town, is pleasantly 
located on the branch, 23 miles, by an easy 
road, southeasterly from Montpelier, 20 miles 
westerly from Bradford, and 13 miles from 
the nearest railroad station, which is at 
South Royalton, on the Vermont Central Rail 
Road, at the m.outh of the above named 
branch. Tlicre is but one post-office in the 
town, and mail-coaches run daily from Chel- 
sea and back-, tlirough Tunbridge to the 
8oQth Royalton railroad station and also 
from Chelsea tlirough Vershire, West Fairlee, 
by port-offices at Post Mills, Thet ford Center, 
Thetford Hill, in tlie town of Thetford. to the 
East Thetford and Lyme station on the Con- 
necticut and Passumpsic Riven Rail Road. 
22 miles from Chelsea. There it also % tri- 
weekly mail from Chelsea, ri% Washington, to 

This township was granted by theJ^Tince 
of New Tork about the year 1770, Qoder tb« 

name of Gatjehorough, but Nov. 2, 1780, it 
was granted by the legislature of Vermont, 
to Bela Turner and his associates, and char- 
tered by the name of Tnrnersburgh, Aug. 
4, 1781, By the charter, it contains 23,010 
acres. The name was altered to Chelsea, Oct. 
13, 1788. 


The following are the namo£of the original 
grantees of the town of Turnorsburgh ( now 
Chelsea) as appears by the diarter of said 
town, dated the 4ih day of August, A. D. 
1781, and signed by Thomas Chittenden, Gov- 
ernor, and countersigned ** By his Excell«n- 
cy*s command, Thomas Tolman, Deputy Sec- 
retary to the Governor and council," Vii. 

His Excellency Thomas Chittenden E-.jr., 
Benjamin Huntington, Esq., I)i>ctor riihip 
Turner, Esur., Capu Andrew Perkins, Joj^liua 
Perkins, bolomon Perkins, Cajtt, Simoon 
Carew, Capt. Jo»ej>h Carew, Ze]>hauiah Hunt- 
ington, l>octor Joseph Perkins, Levi Hunt- 
ington, Joseph Caritenter, Erastus Perkius, 
Pro<»f»er Wheimore rl^qr., Perex Tracy, b^n- 
jaroin Tracy, Peter Latlian, Doctor ElI^ht 
Tracy, Doctor Philemon Tracy, John Turner, 
William Pitt, Jun'r, Bela Turner Jun'r, Caj-u 
Jared Tracy, Ama^a Smith, Erra Stiles Ei^ar., 
Amos Robinson, Caj»t. Eli«ha Burton, Jonn 
Wheatley E***!!"., Daniel Wells, Kli>ha La- 
ihrop Esqr., Benjamin Perkins, Oapt. John 
Cliapman, William Dougla5j«, Caleb I>oupla!<ji, 
Samuel Douglass, Josliua Huntington, Bar- 
nabas Mori»e, Asa Utley, William Uilev, Ni 
thaniel Wheatley, EU-nezer Curti?, E'linur.d 
lioilges, Benjamin Dana. Judah Dana. 
as Matti^on. William Ward of Shaft>l«urT, 
John Lascell, George Douglass, Douiilu'? 
Chapman, John Chapman Jun'r, lii<Lirl 
Chapman, Charles Hill. Charles Soxtou, Clip 
Sumner, Elijah Dewey Jun*r, Terry DouplaN*. 
Levi Hyde, Joseph Martin, Nathan Durkt^. 
Asa Edgerton, Oliver Griswold, Daniel Hou^h, 
John Woodward, Moses Robinson, J^^^^mi 
House, John Wm. Dana, Timothy Brown^cn, 
Noadiah Bissel, Benjamin Giles and Simeoa 

In the year 1784, Samuel Moore, Thomas 
Moore and Thomas Bond made pitches ia 
this town and came in with their families. 
The} were the first settlers. They were soc a 
followed by Dea. Enoa Smith and many oth- 
ers, whose descendants still reside in tova. 
In 1791, there appears by the census of that 
year, to have been 239 souls. The first child 
born in this tot^n was Thomas Porter Moors, 
son of Thomas Moore. Oct 16. 17S5, Thom- 
as Moore made his pitch upon territory now 
mostly occupied by the village and er«ct«d 
the first house built in town within the hmit* 
of the now ** old bnrying-ground,** and lbs 



llouiau^ Torter Moore, above mentioDed, baT- 
iiig h}H;Dt bU wbole life io tbie town, and 
TvMf^ a Ur^e family of cbildren. died here 
iD May, 1SG7, and it buried within 20 feet 
of the ^pot of bis birth. 

The first Town mc-c'ting was held and the 
town organized, Mar. 31, 17^8; Awi Bond, 
Jo^liua Lathro)), and Roger Walea elected te- 
l(cim'*n : Knos Smith, town clerk and trea^u- 
jvT. From 17^5 to 176.^ dec'^la were recorded 
by Amv»8 JtobinMjn, county reL•i^ter. lion. 
Juhii W. Siuitb, pon of Dca. Enos Sinitn, is 
tlitf j'ri sent town clerk, having held that office 
fur ail'oui 31 ytafM, being fir^t elected in ISJG. 
Ho hxs uIk) held tlie oihc^ of justice of the 
|>( an; and bcc n the principal trial justice of 
t)i( town for the last 40 years, and has held 
ilic oi]i« o of court auditor for the county for 
Ciore than 25 years. He wait aW secretary 
and trc:iFurer of the Oran>;o County Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company, located at Cbelvea, 
frciii iL" organization in 1838, till the company 
wound up iU affairs, in 18G5. Chelsea w«8 
fir.'t r«-prcfented in the legislature of Ver- 
lii^iii in 1701, by Thnopliilus Huntington. 

Ahout 1701), the Provincial Government of | 
Ni Av York erect/-d tbo County of Gloucester, 
mI: h coHipriyed all that part of Vermont 
ly.n^ north of White Kiver and cast of the 
Grt.;i Mountain range ; and Kingsland. now 
tlir township of Wa>;hington, was made the 
flir.- lown. Three Judge*; were commi«f ioned, 
J"!.n Taj.lin, .Samuel Sleej»er, and Thomas 
t*'T. James Peunock, Abner Fowler, and 


Joi.ii IViers were appointed justices of the 
qu-rum, and John Tajdin, Jr., was made 
li^'i •hcrilT. Courts of comrojon pleas and 
qujrtor ^r-Ksions were organized by the above 
ju'i!.»-,s and justices at Kingsland, May 29, 

At that time no settlement had been com- 
K3 n .-d in Kingjland and the town^tbip was 
vliolJy uninhabited. There was no bouse in 
townexcejita log-hut which was* erected to 
Krve f' r a court-bou:o and jail. These courts 
Wf.-c l.oluen qnariorly, ou the last Tuesdays 
<'f ilay. Nnvduber, and February. 
^0 e-u-c-< npj.ciir lu have been entered in 
*--(r of the>e courti until the November 
^-JJji. 1770, when eight were docket^ ; all 
^ii«h v<'ri? continued to tLw February term, 
•*71. Th<i r>«>jrd uf tJi»t d<>iijgi of tlio court 
•i *hHt ti.rin d*»««!rvt* U» bo copied. I give it 
liUjfilly frt»m the on;;iut4 outiy bow in tli« 
cwuity olurh'i* ofiic'at Oiolnia^ wb^tfv all Umi 

remains of the records of Oloncester Connty 
are kept: 

- Feby. 25th 1771. Set out from Mort- 
lown* for Kingsland traveled until Knight 
there Beinc No Koad and the snow very Deep 
we traveled on snow ithoes or HacratU on tha 
2tith we traveled some ways and llfld a coun- 
cil when it was concluded' it was best to open 
the Court as we saw No Line it was not * ^ 
whetlier in King«'land or Not But wo con- 
cluded we were firr in the woods we did not 
ex|»ect to see any Hou^e unless we marched 
three miles within Kingsland and No one 
lived there when the Court was ordered to h% 
oj»ened on the spot. 

** Frc^ut John Taplin Judge 

"John IVtors of the Qnor*m 
**John Taplin, jun, SherilL 

*'A11 causes continued and a<]joumed to the 
next term. The court, if one, adjourned over 
to the next Tuesday in may next," 

Thi-se courts were continued at Kingsland 
and were regularly holden there until August, 
1 772, when a term appears to have bet* n held 
at Newbury and from that time they were 
holden at Newbury and KingsUnd alternate- 
ly until the February term. 1774. Tliis was 
the la«:t term ever held for (ilouce<«ter County, 
and no court* were boldt-n within that terri- 
torj* until June. 17^1. when the first term for 
Oraqge County was hoMcn at Thetford. 

Orange County, when fir^st ercH:to«l, compris- 
ed nearly all the territory which had been ia 
cludt-d within the bounds of Gloucester. The 
Orange county courU wt-re h«ld at Thetford 
until the December term, 17^5, when they 
were removed to Newbury, to be held •• in a 
lioose then being built for a court-house." 
They were continued at Newliury until De- 
cember term, 17iH», when CheUea was made 
the Ehire-town of Orange County. Tlie first 
term holden at Chelsea was the December 
term, 17ini, and the courts have been holden 
hero ever since. In 1 704t, a court bouse was 
erected u}*on the mainMreet which served the 
county until about 1810, when a more com- 
modious bouse was built at the bead, or east 
end, of the south common. Tlii^ was occupied 
until 1S47, when, having decayed and become 
inadequate to answer the wants of the county, 
it was taken down and the present modest, 
chaste and commodious edifice was erected 
u]»on nearly the same site. 

Tlie fin-t lawyer who settled in this town 
was one Tbro<»p. lie came in about 1796. 
Then followed Uoi. Thomas Jo5Et, io 1799. 

:i ; 

- • • . 


» ' ■ 

) ■ ' 







• f 

r • 

. « 



\ i 
i I' I 



Throop died io 7 or 8 yeiri after shilling 
here bat Judge Jooos continued in the ac- 
tive practice of the law in this town until 
about 1845 wh^n he retired, and died here in 
ISriO, at Oie Jige of 81 years. He wa« a grad- 
uate of Daruoouth college, a good scholar, 
well-read in bin profession, and was a groat 
readier of general literature. No man in thi^ 
county or vicinity was better informed in 
English history and politics and the civil 
and political history of the American colonies 
and of the United States — nubjocti! to which 
be always turned with delight. His conver- 
sation upon theiie topics, up to the time of 
bis death, was always interesting and attrac- 
tive to old and young. He never sought [po- 
litical preferment. He was, however, a mem- 
ber of the Con^titutioual convention of 1822, 
and filled the office of A5sociate Judge of the 
county court in the years 1S34 and 1830. 
His practice during his active years was very 
eitensive, from which he acquired a large 


another prominent law}*er, came to this town 
from Norwich about 1S05. He had repre- 
sented Norwich in the legislature several 
years, and officiated as S]»eakor of the House 
from 1703 to 17iC>. He had aUo represented 
bis district in the Congress of the United 
8lates from 1795 to 1709. He was, about 
1805, committed to Chelsea jail for debt, and 
obtaining the liberties of the prison, took up 
bis residence here, and remained until his 
death, practicing bis profes»ion for the mot^t 
part up to that event. 

B05. D. A2R0 A. BUCK, 

»on of Daniel Buck, came to this town, with 
bis father, when a young man and became 
ont of the foremost men of the State. He 
was bred to the law, and prat^tic^d that pro- 
fession, in this town, until his public duties 
and failing health took him out of it He 
repre.«ented the town of CheUea 14 years in 
the legislature of Vermont, between 1816 and 
1835, and served as Speaker of the House 
years, between 1820 and 183«. He was eWt- 
ed Representative to the Congress of the 
United States in 1822, and served in that 
capacity until 1820. After 183(», he r»;u;ovod 
with bis family to the city of \Vi>^hiugion 
and died there about 1839. He w;u' uu old- 
fashioned gentleman, of easy nnd winning 
address, appreciative of, and abounding in 

tht courtesiet of life, not profoundly learned lar^o and commodious church at the heal o' 

either in law or politics, but was remarkable 
for havinjf always at immediate commani 
all the resources incident to an acute under- 
standing applied to a close observation of 
common things. 

Another of the prominent men connected 
with the early history of the town, was 


He was born in 1771. in New Bot^ton, N. H., 
and removed to Chelsea in 1811. In 1S12. 
he was appointed clerk of the courts in Or- 
ange County, and held that office 25 yean. 
He was twice a delegate to the convontiooi 
to rbvise the constitution of Vermont, tlrt< 
times elected representative, and h*^ld t"h« 
office of constable for many years. He w.ui 
an honest and faithful public servant. H« 
died in Chelsea. Mar. 9, 1847. 

J0KA8 0ATE8 

also deserves mention. He served as drum- 
mer in the Revolutionary war, and wa.H vtry 
nearly the la«!t surviving pensioner of that 
war. He came to refide in Chelwa foua 
after the peace of 1783, and resided here until 
his death, in 1866, at the age of 99 years an 1 


Tliere are at this time two organized relig- 
ious societies in Chel>ea. A Congrcgatinnil 
Church was organized soon after the F<tilt- 
ment of the town commenced, over wlii-!* 
Rev. Lathrop Thompsou was installed io Nv 
vember, 1709. He was dismisj^ed in lv*^«*j 
and Rev. Calvin Noble was ordained and in- 
stalled in 1807. Mr. Noble continued in 
charge until his death, in 1834. ^^ince 
time, the following clergj'men have boin or- 
dained over and ministered to the church: 
Rev. James Buck ham, installed in 1835, <is< 
mi.«sed in 1841; Rev. Benjamin B. Newton 
in-'^talled in 1841, dismissed in 184<5; Ktrv 
Thomas 8. Hubbard, installed in 1847, dis- 
missed in 1854 ; Rev. James C. Houghton w?« 
acting pa5tor from 1857 to lS<i5; Rev. 8. M. 
Plimpton comtucnc<4 his miuistiationf. J-a 
uary 1, 184>6, and contiuu<4 in ryyiectniKs 
of a settlement over t^o chun-h until he tta 
removed by death in Sv:.ttmlxr, 1Sh5; I'-*'- 
\V. A. James was orl-Miied and inr.-^W. 
May I, 1?67, and is now the pa: lor of t!^ 

For many years the court-house w-j •: *^ 
for Sjibbaib worship, but in 1811, the Cot.Tr 
gutional church and society er ct. d a vcr. 

» - 


tie North CommoD. Tbit building was thor> 
ougMy repiured aod somewhat modernixed 
aUuI 16o3. and it now a rMpecublt edific*. 
This ii th« leading church and aocietj, if not 
ID Dumbera, at ka«t in wealth. 


in^ frociety was organized her« in 1835. In 
IS^.O. a neat, convenient, and quite large 
lull ling was erected by this church and so- 
u'.ly ui'on the main street, in which public 
wur.'hij* ha5 since then been constantly kept 
up an J the sotiety ia now largo and flouriching. 
The town has not gained in population 
^JMct^ 1810, nor in wealih, if the grand list 
furnishes any indication of the amount of 
J ruitrty, or the relative amount, po.Me«»od 
frnm year to year. In 1791, there were 239 
iJuiliinnt*; in 1S00, 908; in 1810. 1327; in 
M'-». H«J2; in 1S30. 195S; in IMO. 1959; in 
iv>». ll*r»H; in ISOiO, 1757; showing a falling 
of of 202 since the census of 1840. The pres- 
fLt grand li!«t of the tOwn is $5,029. In 18G0 
It wa? f'),557; and in 1850 it was $5,215. 


with- A caj.ital of $200,000, is located here. 
%:A ihere ha.* been a bank in operation con- 
t:n;i u \v .«ince 1822; first the Bank of Or- 
a: :v Cmuty, then the Orange County Bank. 
t'.'i the Bank of Orange County, which last 
1 tiik wa.-< changed to the Ornnge County Xa- 
i:-ii:il Bank, in 1S65. 


c!.irkr«d in 1851, was, up to the breaking 
< ut of the war of the Rebellion, one of the 
i:i 't flouri5l»ing institutions of the kind in 
tU >UK>. Since that time it has been difficult 
t.» J rocure permanent teachers, aud the school 
I'V. f;,llen away. The Academy building, 
tr • t.d ia 1652, is pleasantly located in the 
^. U of attractive grounds and afforls ample 
i' 1 }1 -iuant accommodations for m large and 
^v.ur:>liiDg school. 

Ai lie present time the village contains 3 
'^'*:- dry goods store* ; 4 West India goods, 
' r.^lc.; 1 flour, nails, glass, paints and oils; 
1 ^ru-siore ; 1 tin-workers and dealers in 
i^^ri ware, stoves, farming implemenU, Ac.; 
1 ^K.l(n factory ; 1 carriage-shop; 3 carpen- 
^'•; ^^^r« : 2 grist-milU ; and one new. large 
*iJ commodious hotoL • 


1^1. '02. Theophiltts Huntington, ' 
^'93. '04, Samuel Badger, 
1 W, Joshua Elderkin, 



1796, Stephen Bucbaoam, 

1797. '08. Reuben Hatdi, 
1799. 1800, Theop. iluntingioa, 

1801. Reuben Haidi, 

1802. Theop. Jluntingtoik, 

1803. Josiah DaoA, 
1801. Elihu Hyde, 

1805. Theop. Huntington, 

1806. Joiiiah Dana. 

1807. Elisha Hotchkiaa, 

1808. *09, Josiah Dana, 

1810, Benj. H. Oakfa. 

1811. '12, ^13, Elisha HotchkiM, 
1815, Elihu Hyde. 
1816-'22. D. Azro A. Buck, 

1823. H. E. 0. McUoghlin, 

1824, Benjamin Rolfe, 
1825,20. D. Azro A. Buck. 

1827, H. E.G McLaughlin. 

1828, Harry Hale. 

1829, '30, D. Arro A. Buck. 

1831, H. E. G. MoUughlin, 

1832, Harry Hale. 

1833, '34, '35, D. Aaro A, Buck, 
KS3C. Harry Hale. 

1837, '38. '39. Thomas Winslow, 
1840. '41. '42, 43, Levi B. Vilaa, 
1845. •4n, Perley C. Jonoe, 
1849, *50. '51. Ehliu Hyde, 

1853, Benjamin T. Blodgett, 

1854. *5.5, Foster Grow. 
185«J. Harvey Lincoln, 

1857, Burnham Martin. 

1858, '59. Wm. Hebard, 
1800, '61. Wm. F. Dickinaon. 
1862. 03, Lyman G. Hinckley, 
1804. •6.5, William Hebard. 
18(^6. '67. Carlos Moore, 

1868. "69. Lyman 0. Hinckley. 



There ia a township in Vermont situated near 
the oootre of Omo}^^ County. 10 miles weet of 
Connecticut River, 40 miK<t north of Windsor, 
20 mil<« a E. of Mont pelier— bounded N. by 
Topsham. K. by Bradford, 8. by Ver»hif». W. 
by Woahingtoo. Hinory or tradition does noi 
inform ua what originacd ita name; but fftxa 
its earliest settlement it h.ii been called Corintk, 
and it k atill known by thai nama. 

The touriat, in paashifj^ throuKh tha Iowa, 
wonkl not at fir4 diaooTer any tiling peeuHar 

■ ■ t 

! • 



• 3 






from other covQirf towDt ; jet, in Tinting dtf* 
ferent fMirta of it be would find no pondA of 
water, or lakes, or mountaiofli to rorj much im- 
pede the tuccessfu) cnltivatioD of the soil The 
surCice of the town is uneven, coropoeed of 
bills and valliee ; yet each and eveiy hundred 
acre lot ia capable of being cultivated as a 
Wm and homestead. 

The tOH-n is 6 miles square, in lat. 44^ 2\ 
long. 40 3s\ It ^gs chartered bj New Hamp- 
aliire, in 1764, to Col. John Taplin, MaJ. Hen- 
ry Moore and a Mr. Ward. A conflrmaiion 
grant waa anerwards procured from New York. 
C<^. Ada Porler and a Mr. Pillsburj afterwards 
became proprioion. 

In Uio spring of 1777 Ezckicl Colbj, John 
Nutting and John Arniond spout soreral weeks 
here in 'manufacturing maple sugar. Thcj 
started togvtlior from Newbury, with each a 5- 
pail kettle on his head, and with this load trav. 
elcd by a po^'ket-compass 12 miles through the 

Thoy encamped the first night on a small 
island in Wait^s River, near the place where 
East Corinth is now locatod, and the next day 
arrived at their place of destination, near the 
centre of the town. This year Mr. Colby mov- 
ed his Cimily into Corinth, which was the first 
family in town. Tlio next year Mrs. Colby gave 
birth to a son, the first cltild born in town. — 
They ciUed his name Henry, and the proprie- 
tors of the town gave him 100 acres of land. 

In 1778 Mr. John Nutting moved his family 
hero aud hoasnx to make impTx>vemcots on his 
fann, wliich was located near the ceuter of the 
town, on land now owned by J. A. Tenney, 
E^q. Mr. Nutting brought the first grindstone 
into Corinth, fro:n Xewbuiyport, Maiss., and it 
is still in the poiu>c<«ion of ono of his descend- 
ants, and held as an lieirloom. He was a jus- 
tice of the peace for many years; and held 
many offices of honor and trust in the town. — 
He was a conMstent Cliristian, and labored 
much to advance morality and Christianity in 
the community. 

In 1779 Edmund Brown, Samuel Norris, Ja- 
cob Fowler and Bracket Towle moved their 
families here, and Mr. John Aiken, of Went- 
worth, s*. H., erected the first gri»t-mill, which 
went into operation tlie following year. Pre- 
Tious to this the settlers had to go to Kewba- 
ry, IS miles, fbr their grinding. 

Mr. Bracket Towle^s farm was m little north 
of tlio centre of the town, oq tho main road 
leading through the town, and it now owned 

and occupied by Mrs. Aonis Towle, the widow 
of one of his sons. M r. Towle was a hardy, ro- 
bust man, had great strength and moscuUr pow. 
er, and was every way fitted to endure the hartj. 
ships of a pioneer life. He had served in the 
old French war, and also in the Revolution»r? 
war. He was in the battle of Bunker Hill. 
and was promoted to a lieutenancy bf^forc the 
war dosed, and afterwards was made CoIoiieJ 
of the militia. He had three brothers that 
served in the Revolutionary war. 

In 1780 the towu was organized. Gcorp* 
Banfield was first town-clerk ; David McKeen, 
first constable ; Nehemiah LovewelL first rep- 

Some time this year Lieut Elliot wjisf! a lioc- 
ed hete with 20 men to defend the inliubiuiciii 
against the Indians aud lories, aud built a >DiaU 

In 1781 CoL TTait and Mi^ Kingsbury, wrh 
two companies of soldiers under Capt^iioa Sialj 
and Nelson, btiilt a fort near the centre of :!ic 
town, on wliat is called Cooke's IIUl, and ma le 
this their headquarter*. Oct. 1 fith of tlji> yt;ir. 
5 men from tliis fort, viz : Moses Warner. J«'l:i 
Barret, John Sergeant, Jonatitan Luce and Dan- 
iel Hovey, being on a »cout, and pnxrvetii.j 
down "\Vin'»oski river, were fired upon in ti.e 
township of Jericlio by a i»arty of 1 6 tcrit^s. W:.r- 
ner, Siir>!eant aud Barrel were wounded— i!:^' 
latter roorttUy. He lived 40 hours, and wts 
buried near the margin of "Winoo^ki rivvr, la 
Colchester. Tlie otiicrs were carried to Ki^" 
bee, and kept 'till the next spring, when thtr 
were suflcrod to return 

In 1782 a British scouting party from Cai.a- 
da, about 20 in number, under Major Brc jk< »• 
ridge, after annoyinjr the settlers i»f Nfwbu7. 
killing one man and taking another prlsu-tr. 
proceeded to Corinth, wliere tliey conip^-llitl i.'^ 
settlers to toke the oath of allegiance to t= e 
British King. 

The soil of this township consists of a di'i 
loam, mixed with a small portion of &iiid-i 
e.vily cultivated, and is very productive. T 9 
land was originally timbered with haul w-^-i 
except on the streams, where there is s w i" 
ture of hemlock, spruce, hackmatack and t' 

Its mineralogy consists of some few f]"^"'- 
mens of feldspar, garnet serpentine, h'^^ 
blend, mica and rock crystal. The rockf ^^ 
principally granite and mica-slate. There >' *^ 
extensive bed of copper ore, which extei.ii 
through the town iW>m south to north. Tvt 
extensiTO oompaniot have been formed, wit^* 





r v aiiiouut of cupital to work Uie minec Oii« 
liA4 a>-uuiod tbe luuno of •* Tb« CoriuUi Copper 
CoiLj' »i»j.** The other it known bj tbe name 
of • Tlie Union Copper Comptny.*' Both com- 
luiii s fur a time iuccessfullj prosecuted tbe bu- 
f 1.1 >« «»f working the minee ; but tome 3 je.tre 
u the former company suspended work for a 
linif. while the latter is still employing a large 
L ::i.Wr of bauds and is weekly getting out and 
,, u.iii.u' to market hu-gc quantities of oi«. The 
. :.K-t win re the mines are worked is known by 
jl.i' L.tiiiC of the Pike HilL 

It li;i.s been said thai tbe copper ore was first 
o.>o.\crp«l by a hunter, while digging for a fox 
— >.ut {intbablf that is not Uie cose. It was 
:i>: aiN.'OVcred by three men, while out on a 
J,;. J. lire excursion. 

Tliiii tom'nsiiip is well watered by Wait*s 
r.vrr. uhich runs through the N. E. piart, and 
).y MviTul of its brancties. On North Branch, 
uiiirh risi'S in Topsham, and runs through the 
N. K. part of Corinth, is situated the Kast vil- 
L^'c. Another branch rises in Washington, 
pi<M]^ thrMUgb the south part of this town, and 
Q:iiV'<( with Wait*fl river, in tbe west pan of 

Thre are some other streams on which mills 
r.l oV.oT machinery are erected. 


c.^ rf t!ip proprieiom, early <>ctt]ed in the K. K. 
J •it of iJie town, lie retained a Lirge tract of 
l»'.i wliioh embraced what is now the village 
('i Ka.«i Coriuth and some of the adjoining 
f^'^n^ He flr?t seiilod on the farm that is now 
«*^r,.-l and occupied by Mr. ArisUrcus Taplin. 
f"''- of hin descendants, but aAerward moved 
«^ •!. hi" son, Oouldsboum Taplin, Esq.. to East 
<' -itli, where they built a grist-mill and saw- 
^' 11 and made other great improvements in the 


»i« f ne of the early settlers of the town. Et 
: c- :.-f from Haverhill, Ma-ss^ and lived with his 

* 'i!r 1 while in a school-house in HaveibiU, 

♦^' n.. and then moved to Corinth, where he 
; >^ iL-lit 300 acres of land, and began to make 

'"ir'^vf-ments. A part of the land he then 
' VU^ is rtiu iD the poneasioo of hit de- 



^^pt Daniel Stevens and Mr. Reuben Page 
\ *^^'«tnon;; the first tliat settled In the extwne 
^ T.h^n part of the town, on what it known 
" iJ e Stevens hiE 

'^ flm settlen sufifered many priTationi 


and lurdships incideiit to all new seiUementa. 
They bad to travd on foot It miles to'a griA- 
wiU, with DO path or guide but spotted trees. 
Tliey often suffered -bunger, and sooketimet 
wottUi be witlKHit broad for a long tine. At 
one time Mr. Jacob Wells and a Mr. Bennett, 
who lived in the S. E. part of the town, after 
being without bread lor some time, beard that 
a man living in Pierroont, N. II.. some 12 miles 
from their bome«^ had some winter rye about 
fit to liarveaL They rose early one morning, 
and started with th ir itickles and ba^rs to get 
something that would make bread for their fam- 
ilies When they arrived at Piermont, tliey 
found others till ro like themseh'os wishing to 
obtain grain. About sun-ri^ tlie owner of the 
field of the rye permitted tliem to cut it Each 
man wanted one bushel, flc which they prom* 
ifted to return one bushel of wheat the next 
winter. The day proved to be fair and brighL 
When they had a little cut, they spread the 
grain in the sun to dry. When dried, it was 
taken to the bam to be threslied : wlien night 
came upon them, each man liad his bushel of 
rye. Our heroes shouldered their bags and 
started for home. Tliey stopped at Bradfurd 
and had their grists ground, and were at boma 
at 3 o*clock the next morning. 

Tbe early settlers were hospitable and gener^ 
ous to each other, sharing alike their privations 
or their blessings, with but few exceptions.— 
There was one family among tliem that was 
somewhat cliurlish— or, as the phrase is, a little 
stingy. They liad early planted an apple or- 
chard, and therefore were among tbe first in 
that part of the town to have apples in any ^ 
considerable quantity. They built tbe first ci- 
der-mill, and made the first cider. One season 
when they could count their apples by bushels, 
when they had harvested them, they stored 
thorn in an out building, and made them as se* 
cure against unruly boys as boards and nails 
could do iL There was a sick woman in ths 
neighborhood who desired a few apples; bat 
they would neither seD nor give away. This 
so enraged the inliabitants they met in the evs- 
ning at the house of one of the neighbor^, 
chose their captain, appointed tlteir pickfit- 
guard, and proceeded to the place of deporit. 
One man was stationed at the outside door, one 
man to each window of the liouse wliere tbe 
family lived, to prevent any egress firom those 
withm. while one man carried an axe to apply 
to the crevice between the boards, and others 
with bags ready to gather up what would rcdl eat 
(torn the precious pile tbey bad so strong ss* 

* . 



1 X 

ti -' 

- 4 

ft ".* 

V*" .• . 




, « 


- I 



i \ 

* *• 


* i' 





cured. WheD all was rcadj, the diad with the 
axe applied it to the boards, the Bails irave 
waj to the atitmg muscular arm tliat wielded 
the axe^ a>id oat rolled the apples in sufficient 
quautitj to fill two bags— one for the sick wo> 
man, aod ooe to be divided amoug the compa- 
Bj. ' This accompliHhed, ttiej beat a retreat, 
and left the inmates of the house to come out 
and gather up the fnigracots. aod more thor- 
oughly secure their hid treasure. • 

The first settlors were annojed, moreoverf 
and their projicrty destroyed, by bcani. Tliey 
used to make what they called log-tra()S. Thoy 
would plMce henry logs in euch position, that 
when the bear attempted to steal the bait place<l 
for him, he would touch a 9pri !g that would 
cause a heavy log to fall suddenly, nnd hold 
him fa!4. Mr. Joseph Knight, who lived in (he 
corth part of the town, cautrht two in this way. 

Ca|»t. Caleb Stevens, a man that lived in the 
north pan of the town, was one day returning 
home from one of his neighbor's, accompani(>d 
by his two little boys — their ages might be 3 
and 5 years, — in coming over a knoll, or a little 
hill, he diitcovered an exa«perated old bciir that 
had l)ecn puniucd two days by hunters and dogs, 
ooming directly towards thorn with open mouth, 
ready to attack any thing that came in his way. 
The little boys dung to their (hthcr for protec- 
tion. lie, nothing daunted, picked up a stone 
that was within his reach, and sent it with 
such force, that it hit the bear on the head and 
felled it to the earth ; when, with the help of 
a hemlock knot bo pinned him to the ground. 

In the autumn of 1810 the small pox made its 
appearance at tlic east part of the town, at the 
bouse of Mr. David McKeen. When assured 
that the dii^oase was the small pox, Mr. Mc- 
Keen opened his house for a post-house. Some 
were inoculated for the small pox, several had 
taken it the natural way. It was with the 
family a time of terrible distress. Mrs. Mc- 
Keen, her daughter Lydia, an infant prandj«on, 
and Miss TTannah Crook, all died, noar the same 
time, in the hou}»e. Mr. Robert McKcen, a 
brother of the first president of Bowdoin Col. 
lege, chose to bo taken to a reraoie, s^ilitary 
liabltation, where, attended by one rfped man, 
he suflored and died, and was buried in utter 
loneliness One man, Oliver Woods, remain- 
ed at hit house, and survived the direfiil mal- 

Id the suromer of 1831 Mr. Rodney Richard- 
•on, a young man, went Into Canada^ and on 
bit return wai takeo tidk with th« tmall pox, 

and died with that^ disease. No other cane uf 
the kind occurred in town nt that time. Jift'iu 
in tho summer of 1865 the same disease appetr. 
ed in town. Three men were altadced with i^ 
of whom one died. 


Sometime during tho war of 1812 four men 
from the north part of tho state— « Mr. Stoue, 
Mr. Rice, Mr. Parker and Mr. Sanborn, purch^is. 
ed a drove of cattle in ihls vicinity, and sturttd 
them for their humes. A custom-house officer 
by the name of Perry, then living in riiel»4«. 
procured a company of men and went in pur- 
suit of the cattle. He overtook them in tlie 
town of Tophham, at the house of Doctor lluut- 
ley, took them from their on'ners and furtn) 
them b.'ick towards Corinth. Tlie ownom «( 
the cattle, not wishing to be thus robbed oftliolr 
pro|)orty, procured a company of men to ti^[fi 
them in making an attempt to rescue their cat- 
tle from the custora-house officer. This com; *• 
ny met on a bridge, near t'e centre of Corrrth. 
in order to stop them when they came aloni:.— 
Wbcn the cattle came to the bridge, a pen' ntl 
melee took place, but the c»i«to'n -house ofBc»«r 
succeeded in keeping possession of the catile. 
and thvy were turned into a pasture snd pi.iri- 
ed by a comjMiny of militia a few d;iy^ an] 
then driven awny. It was ascertained af\r. 
wards that the cattle were not subject to con- 
fiscation, and government paid the owners fur 
their property. 


One evening in the December of J 857, oae 
of the sons of WiUiam Orant, Esq., of East O-r- 
inth, having been out to a party the evenr^ 
previous with his f ither> horse — a very 1 :i:b 
spirited anim:i] — and having returned home- to 
his father's house about 2 o'clock in tho uiort- 
ing, upon detaching the horse from the thxh. 
the horse took fright and ran. pursuing 1:§ 
courso through the village about 15 ro^ls.d.F^•l 
to the dwelling-house of Mr. Nathan D. VlAt 
a merchant of the Tillage. 

On the south eide of the house, over the *J'^^ 
that led Into the kitchen, was a stoop. To t!. » 
door the horse came with such force, ilia^ ^ < 
broke the bolt that fastened the door, and with- 
out further ceremony entered the kitdicn; ^'-^ 
not being satisfied with these accoromodnii' :a 
proceeded Into one of the front parlors aij i- 
Ing the kitchen. Mr. Bhike was ashrp » t5» 
his wife and three children in this room, « 1 .'» 
was burning, and a door th t led into the l»' ^• 
en stood •jtn. Into this room the b«»r>e ci :t<f 




(d iriiliout ao escort, and came ap iniiroot of 
t looVimrgla*. To tbia ho applied hla no^, 
tnd brt»ke the gUiaa, whkA wounded himwlC— 
Tli-re were two beda In the room, and a chQd^s 
n-;b. The horae had hrokeo the foot-rail to one 
of the bedsteads and extinguUhed tba light, 
U'nTt Mr. Dhike and wUe awoke from their 
^f^aru:*— which being aoinmarilj done, thej 
«\rc6'>mewhnt frigVtened. and coold not iro- 
a^riic who or what their nightly riuitor could 
W. till a found emanated from the animal 
uKicb indicated ita nature, when Mr. Blake 
fiid : It is a hor^e. lie procured a light, and — 
Rire tuough — it was a horse. He stood wiib 
l.i* head OTcr the crib, the blood running fVora 
hl« wounds and apparcniljr subdued, and not 
uu'.ifi «ting anj dcRire to make fbnher invcftii- 
piion* that night, suffered himnelf quiet!/ to 
bo led from the room and house. 


.\moDg the first settlers of the town was a 
Mr. WardHWorth, a aiiiguhir man, who was 
krr.otiTui-s inf^ne. One daj meeting one of his 
n- ^libors, a Mr. Sanborn, Ward^wc^rlb, having 
an nw in his hand, made a mark on the j^'round 
feLJ told Sanborn If he crossed that mark he 
w.^uld kill hiuL Mr. Sanborn- not heeding his 
tlrvii, stepped oror the mark, when Wanls- 
v< nh ^plit his head Open with his axe mnd kill- 
^i !iiuj dead on the spot 

np went awn/ and reported that he had killed 
F^lx>ro, and left his axe in his head for a mit- 
r.<^^ Wardsworth was suffered to go at large, 
ted soou left this part of the oountrj. 


Ci^'vc-d his faroilj into town from Salem, N. H., 
i2 K?5. He was the first physician in town, 
&:• ■ had quite an extensive practice in this and 
i'j" towns, and was very successful, par- 
tr.iWlr in fevers. He practiced almost W) 
7«^-r«, and died at the good old age of 80 years, 
^•> V. respected by his numerous friends. His 
* iow lurvived him 21 years, and died in 1865, 

\ *?^^ 92 yean. 



cuTe here in J 807. He was tlie first lawyer 

^ the town, and there were but few in the 

co^.atr when he came here. He was justice of 

^- I-eace for many years, and represented the 

town more timea than any other one* He was 

^ '^ justice of the county court for several 

7fv\ ta4 ^„ Judge of probate 16 in success- 

"^ IleU stiU living with bia daughter, Mrs. 







SAMim ■Aturmn, n^ 
mored hit fiunOy bare la 1780. He eaoM froa 
Cheater, V. H. He waa m bmii of great ntoral 
worth and sirfcrt CbristiaB integrity, and did 
noore for the adTaacement of morali^ and Chrisl- 
lanity than any other man of bis time. He wed 
to conduct religioua meetings cm the Sabbath ai 
the school-housea and other places where tbe 
people would meet for rvligioua worship. H« 
was Justice of the peaoe for many yeara» and 
elected town derk in 1781 and held the ofl&ce 
until old age oompi'llod bim to resign, when hie 
son succeeded him, 


was bom in Chester, K. H.: came here with 
his father in 1780. He inherited the Chriniaa 
principh'S of his father in an eminent de g ree; 
and was constant and regular in his attendance aft 
church on the Sabbath. His very dumb beasts 
seemed to learn when the Sabbath came and 
the time came to go to meeting : and at one 
time, one Sabbath morning, the old fomily-horse 
that used to take the family to church, becom- 
ing impatient In waiting for hta master to get 
ready, concluded to start along. He proceeded 
on his way alone, went up*to the church door 
and then went Into the ahed where he was ae- 
custonoed to stand during the time of service. 
It has been said too, that his dog, one Sabbath 
morning, went to the church alone. He once 
in his life siemed to lose one day of tlte week 
and forgot when Sunday came, and on that day 
went to one of his neighbors to do some bust* 
nesa. The family whore he called were very 
much surprised to see Esq. Hasletine enter 
their house on Sunday morning, and soon began 
cautiously to inform hira of hia mistake. He 
was much mortified for his forgetfulnesa, and 
immediately hastened home. On being one di^ 
joked about it by one of his neighbors, his re- 
tort was, ** I might have known it waa Sunday 
when I saw you and one of your neighbor! 
down in the meadow fishing.** He waa very 
benevolent, always oontributing largely hla 
share to support the gospel and otiier Christian 
charities. On a time when the society waa 
about deHltute of wood for the use of the 
church, one of the committee requested a par- 
ishioner to furnish some fbr the church, when 
be exclaimed, " Let E5H|. Hastotine get the wood, 
he always d(«a.** He waa town derk 87 year^ 
and justice of tlte peace. He united more coup- 
les in marriage than any otlier person in town. 
Toward the close of hia life he partially ]<«t 
hit reatoo, but he never forgot bit reverenot 




^ 4 


% I 











to ItU CroAtor, or his AttnchiDont to hit Divine 
Redeemer. Ue would nuioj times a day bit^ak 
out iD prajer aod praise to God, a^* bis cuKtorn 
bad been witen leading in his familj deratioDS. 


moved bis fatniljr into Corinth from Loodooder- 
ry, X. H., in the /ear 1780. He was the same 
year ehosen constable, and was jusiico oftlie 
peace for manj jears. Ue built the first saw- 
mill in the east part of the towiL The beavj 
irons for this .tiUI were drawn through the 
wood* from Colchester, Vt., on a kind of appa- 
ratus njndo of two poles framed together and at- 
tached to a liorse like the thills of a carriage or 
sleigli, but extending behind and dragging on 
the ground. Two team><, it is said, iu this way 
sufficed 10 do the work of transportation. 


Tliree brothers bj the name of Henry, Samuel 
and David Dearborn, and a brother-in-law, 
"Winthrop Green, came from Weare, X. U., to 
this town in 1808, and settled in the south and 
S. E. part of the town. They were all much 
respected by their fellow-citizens, and each ac- 
cumulated a handsome propcKy by cultivating 
their farms, and held many offices of trust in 
town. One of them, 5>aniuol,«(br a long time 
has been a deacon of the Freewill Baptist 
churcii, and each, at different time^, has repre- 
sented the town iu tlie Stite legislature. 


was born in Atkinson, N. 11., Oct 14, 1766. 
He was the sou of Dea. Benj. Hale, o/ that 
town. Mr. Hale could trace his ancestors 
back in a direct line to a Mr. Thomas Hale, 
whop«ir*?rtMl martyrdom in England by being 
burned at the stake in the IGlh century, dur- 
ing the religious ptn»ccution« of that time. — 
His father (Dea. Benjamin Hale) was a very 
pious man and worthy citizen of the town 
where he lived, and much respected by bin 
fellow citizens, and much beloved bv the 
churcli of which he was an officer. He early 
instructed his houMthold in the principles of 
the Bible and that holy religion which he 
profef'^ed, thus laying the foundation for their 
future usefulness, and the succcspfnl perform- 
ance of the duties of those posts of honor and 
trust which many of them were called to fill. 
Kicholas had the advantages of only a com- 
mon-school education, yet was a good scholar, 
tod his general knowledge wa^ extensive. — 
H« possessed % very retentive memory, and 
bis mind was so well stored with useful knowl- 
edge, that bifl society was always songbi by 

those who desired to grow wiser and Ix'iier. 

None of his contemporaries knew more of 
the religious or political state of the country 
than he did, both of the old world and tl« 
new. He was not a resident of Corinth wUa 
the town was organized, but came into towa 
about 1790, soon enough to a^ist in promot- 
ing tlie best interests of a new scttlein^iit.— 
He was choson one of the selectmen of the 
town in 1S02, and held that ofiice at ditTcr^Lt 
times 10 years. 

While acting in the capacity of an offi- tr 
of the town, when different quci^tions came -.p 
for his decision, he did not fir!»t seek to kuow 
what would best Fecure his future proriii.r..'n, 
but what would j»romote the best interests of 
the town. 

His decisions were always on the ^i•lc of 
junice. In the years IS 13 and 1M4, lie r»|^- 
refented the town in the State legislHiun-.— 
During the time that he was a meraWr of xla 
legislature, he originated iu the Houfe of :♦ |>- 
rcj-entaiives a hill which was enactnl in!" a 
law for the support of common schools. Ti.e 
purport of the law was that there should U 
a general school fund in money, raise-l ly ?. 
tax on the grand-list, and this money t-ho^A 
be drawn from the town treasury accor-l::.g 
to the number of scholars in each school dis- 
trict in town. 

The sentiment of the law was thuc Tl.e 
rich paid the money for the tuition of tli*- f'-c: 
man's children. And this law remain* 1 rn 
the btatute book for more than 40 vcar*. iU 
was always a friend to the poor and the d?- 
titute, and the necdv and unfortunate w«.:i 
never turned away emj'ty from his di»»r. 

The ministers that came into town al'vri 
found a home in his house and a welooH''- to 
his well-furni?hed table. He had great r.v- 
erence for his superiors (but those «•:« 
few) and j»articularly for his Creator. il.< 
goodness of heart Vvas seen in all his a '.<. 
His consistent Christian character shor.f o it 
in all his walks in life. He died Junt^ li 
1S47, much ref-pected by his numerous f::* r. l» 
and his fellow- townsmen. " The memory cf 
the jnst is blessed.*' 


Mrs. Jane Brown, a native of Irelsn'l. ani 
relict of Mr. S. Brown, died here March 2^. 
1824. aged 101 years and 7 months. 

Mrs. Susannah Brown died here March 3\ 
1867. aged 99 years 10 months and 12 Uy*. 
The following sketch appeared in the " N** 


* « 



imhaI Opinion," a paper pobliifbed in Brad- 

forJ. Jat»9 2^. IS^ : 

..y9_-C>n the 18th <?ay of May, 17<^7. in the 
If wn of Lee, in the Siaie of N<»w Hampshire. 
A tVmale infant fir-'t breathed the air. Little 
a.i the mother of the infant, as it wa« for the 
Cr-t tune laid upon her bosom, think that the 
l.r.lf hflploas being w.i» destined to be inhab- 
;u:it of earth for the long period of ninety- 
n:n»- year* (and perhapA longer.) 

i;ut fuch wa* to be the ca«e. We now 
r*...;"*'^'' ^^ ^^® person of that little infant 
Mr-. Susannah Brown, of Corinth, who on the 
]-;ii 'lay of last month, completed the num- 
l-r of Tears which the fi^nres ai the head of 
\u\* 'k( t^'h represent The maiden name of 
Mrs. l^rown was Susannah Dorgin. 

>]ie resided in I^ee until she was 6 years of 
aC'-. She then removed with her parents to 
N. rlliwoo*!. where she resided until she was 
:'J V. ir.«j oM, when she was united in marriage 
w.:h Mr. Daniel Brown. Soon after their 
r. irr..i:;e Ihey moved to their home in Thom- 
u::, win-re ihey live<l about 4 yean*, and from 
! ,' T- ill' y moved to Corinth, to the place she 
y.W t .\\U ht'T home. In Tliornton thev fonnd 
] ' r • Ticoiirri^fment for their labor. The ►ter- 
!.. I.i'.l* aii'l Kindy soil of that town did not 
t; M ^u^l♦•nance sufljoient for them and a ris- 
1: :'*.iTiiily. In coni^enuenre the hu<l.and and 
fa:!i' r iM-came des [.onofnt and mclanrholly. 
h wa" then the energy and ptr<«*ver- 
v *- of the wife and moth»'r be^an to W 
';-;!u'<i. She stimulated her husband to 

• X rii-n, and influenred him to sell out and 

• .'V.' to a Vxtter place, and a more prcMliict- 
r- ffil. It took all their pro|K?rty to buy a 
r.'m (»f r.7 acrf*s whirh was then a wilderfle^s. 
'I 'Ma litile cleared ]»atch which contained a 

; ' .1 in without a cliimnev of any kind, and 

) ivin;: a roof cover**d with bark. To this 

r.v il.ry moved by an ox -team, in the 

r ',:h of March, when the snow wa< 4 ff-et 

' ' I'. When the snow began to melt they 

' :• i thfir bafkroof somewhat leaky. The 

•■- k«*, «oot and colored water would run 

•• Aii upon them, to their great annoyance. 

li r«"inbM very much, in color, what fa«t 

) ''z men and precocious boys loo often 

• * I ff »m their mouths. But they did not 

'Vy ff> comfortable a home lon(», for in about 

* ' • ar an«i a half, while Mr. Brown was at 

^ -k with a neighbor, and Mrs. Brown with 

. V^ 1*0 children was at the "jjreat brook" 

"? her week's washing, their house was 

''-r-.M wiib all its contents. 

At the age of 30, she Wt her husband. 
[* t with children, the oldest 12 years, the 
; 'Ti^Mi 18 months, she not only continued 
'> I'lii^i of a mother, but awumeS the duties, 
J' 1 with her own hands did the work of a 
♦*■ *r. She would take her aie and walk to 
^'" ^of)<\% in the deep snow and chop her own 
*''i ofun thus laboring until her clothes 
**rt frozen about her person. Think of this, 
T'^ue U<jies who think it degrading to per- 
^^^ the leart kounhM duties. She has al- 
**y» performed most kinds of out-door work. 

Every liaying Mason has found her ia th« 
field with a pitrh-fork or rake rendering such 
assistance as she has been able to do. Even 
during the last year she raked hay in the field. 
It would be hard, al«o, to de:*cribe the amount 
of good she has done, the suffering she baa 
alleviated, among the sick and dying. 

For many vcars were any in tiie neighbor- 
hood sick and in want of nurs«-8, Mra. Bmwa 
was the one to be sent for, and such was ber 
kindness and her readine^, she never needed 
a second invitation ; slie never excu*^ her- 
s*df with the fear of ** catching the fever.** 
She never had a fever or was sick a day in 
her life, excej»t at the birth of her children,'and 
never employed a at any other liroe. 
The queen of fashion has had but little to do 
with her wsrdrol>e. She has never worn 
•* bishop sleeves." ** boop-skirta," or had a 
'* trail* to her dr(4s; but her stvle of dresi 
has been that which is the roost f>ecominc to 
a woman, and the most coudusive to health 
and convenience. She is still vigorous, and 
retains her mental and physical powers to a 
remarkable degree; is htill able to card wool, 
and brings in Ijer own wood and lights her 
fire, and does her own washing. Not that 
she is under the nec»'s«:ity to do the!»e thin^ 
now. ber son, with whom she liv<*s, and bit 
family are abundantly abl** and willing to do 
everything for hef to make her comfortable 
in h<T old age. and smooth her passage to the 
grave ; but kIic choose* to help hen^elf. Thus 
iiaj* fhe lived and toile*1, and is now enjoying 
a peaceful and serene old age, and is only 
waiting for the lamp of life to go out. She 
will die without an enemy ; all who know 
her Venerate and c'teem her. and wh^n sha 
has gone to the spirit land hcT memory will 
be chtri«'hed with that afTection that few havt 
ever merited.'* 

The credit of the town for men fur- 
nished during the lat^ war is Kil. Of these 
101) volunteered; 20 were enrolled men who 
procured substitutes; 14 were drafte^l men 
who paid fr.00 commutation ; three wert 
drafted men who procured sul»stitnt«.'s; one 
was a drafted man who entered t!»e service; 
"< are not credited the town by name, but 
credit of its share of various credits allowed 
the whole State for error in enrollment. Ac 
Of the K^O who are called volunteer, soma 
enlisted more than once, but each separata 
enlistment counts as one man toward making 
up the whole number. 


The religious denominations in town are 
Congregationalists, Free-will BaptUta and 

TBE riKST IfETnODIST cuvhcm 
is Wated near the 8. W. part of the (own. 
It was organised in the year 1798, through 

* * 

» . • 1 

> . 





• I 



♦ • 


i I' 

: ■>; 


t I » 

• i 

i : 


* *■ 

, i 

• ) 

• '! . 




• ♦ 



» 1 


tlie iDHuence of Jobn L&ngdon, who was the 
firft recording steward. He was the first local 
preacher east o( the Green moantaios, in this 
Ticinitj. Its present number of members is 
68, with 9 on probation. They have a chap- 
el and maintain preaching most of the time. 
Rev. Araus Merrill is their present minister. 
The Methodist clerg^'men who were bom and 
educated in this part of the town are the 
Kevs. IVter Merrill, Amoe Merrill, Samuel 
Heath and Abel Heath. 


is located in the cast part of the town. The} 
have a chapel at East Corinth where they 
have preaching half of the time. Their pres- 
ent preacher is the Rev. Mr Hale. This 
church has nurtured and sent forth three fuc- 
ccfsful preachers of the gospel, viz. the Rev. 
Nelson Taplin. son of Gouldburn Taplin, Esq., 
who, after laboring a few years in the minis- 
try, was cilled to his reward ; the Rev. War- 
ren Taplin, son of Mr. Caleb Taplin, who 
early in life joined the Methodist church, 
studied for the ministry, and went west where 
he had labored in the minii^try very success- 
fully for but a brief ]»oriod, when he was al^o 
called to his recompense ; and Rev. Caleb 
Taplin, Jr., son of Mr. Caleb Taplin, who is 
now a ] re.ichor on the Montpelier circuit. 

In relation to the Methodist Church at 
£. Corinth, no further information can be 
obtained, only their meeting-house was built 
in 1840. 

The Minister that supplies the pulpit occa- 
sionally does not live in town, I talked 
with one of the leading members of the Church 
and be said ha did not know of any way the 
information could be obtained. 


were the mo«it numerous cla^s in town among 
the firiit settlers. They built the fin^t meeting- 
houi^e in town near the Centre in 1801. It 
was a large two-story house, finished with 
, square |>ews, a hi^^h pulpit, and a gallery on 
three sides of the house. It was used not 
only for a moeting-hou»o,'but a\>o for a town- 
house until the year 1S4G, when it was remod- 
eled and finished in its present shape. The 
•ame year the town built a substantial town- 
hall near the meeting-house. 

The Rev. Isaac T, Lowe, a kind of txavol- 
ing minister, came here about the year 1S02. 
Hi preached here a short time. The Rev. 
William Pickles camt here in 1805. He 
pre4ched and taught K-hool in town for 

years, when he died. He was very much rt 
spected. He was a very learned man, and 
sometimes seemed to possess a prophetic spirit 
He foretold great changes would t^ke place in 
the government of the United States about 
the yeur 1S60, which has been literally ful 
filled. His remains are deposited in tbi 
grave-yard near the centre of the town. 
On his tomb- stone we read the follovricg : 

** The Rev. WlUiam Pkklss, 

a man learned, eloquent and evangelicsl | bom 

and educated in Cnglsndi came to Philadelphia 1785, ind 

having preached ably In vartwii places, died here gr^at ; 

respected, Jan. 1, 1811, aged 56 yean, after a 

ministry In this icNtn of tU years." 

Rev. Gemcnt Parker preached here accej t 
ably some 3 years. He was very hi^lily w- 
teemed by the people. Tlicre was a frame iV-r 
a house erected a little west of the meeting- 
house, on land which was then a common, to 
be finished for his occupancy, but be m>.o 
after went away, and the frame was reiDo\>i 
In 1816 the Rev. Mr. Williams came b#-rear.i 
labored in the ministry one year. The o^it 
season the Rev. Mr. Williston preached aw:..!e 
here. After this the Rev. Mr. Wilcox |«rt ach- 
ed here during the winter soason. He ht^'.i 
his meetings alternately at the Cooke and a; 
the I^vewell school-hounos, so called, l\*-:t 
being then no means whereby the jtoTie 
could warm the meeting-house. 

In the Fall of IS20, the Rev. ChirU T. 
Chase came here to preach as a candidate :' : 

Through his labors and influence a Con;T^ 
gational church was organized. Oct. 10. 1". \ 
consisting of 12 members. Andrew MrFir- 
land was chosen the first deacon. Jan. -'. 
1821, the Rev. Charles Y.Chase was ordaici 
as pastor of this church. The following »» '-' 
the members of the council that assj.^ti-d ;: 
the ordination : Rev. Joshua Bales, l>. I^ 
president of Middlebury College ; Uvn v.^ 
church in Brookfield, Rev. Elijah Lyi. r.. 
pastor. Pea. Thomas Bates, delegate; B*:!' 
Rev. James Hobert, pastor, Dea. Fenno f •"^• 
mins. delegate ; Chelsea, Rev. Calvin N •; 
pastor, Dea. Enos Smith, delegate; Thti: *• 
Dea. William Thayer and Brother Th.n*^ 
Merrill, delegates; Bradford, Rev. Silv M" 
Keen, pastor, Bro. John Moore, delegAte; hi 
verhiU, N. H., Bro. William Bari"tow,delej^-<^ 

Mr. Chase continued in the pastors) vn: * 

'till his death, which took place in 1S31. H- 

was a faithful preacher of the gosj.*!. *n > -^ 

! bored iucceasfally to promot* the i^irn-^ 





t . 

wi Ifure of his church and p«0|>lt. During hii 
ministry there wert 49 add«d to th« church 
Prfvious to the death of Mr. ChaM, while hi^ 
rick QifM- prevented him from diecharging t)ie 
dr.ifi of a p*.*tor. the church and society 
T-: a ured the j»ervicei of the Rev. Charlee Boy- 
T.r. He waa a hold champion for the troth, 
a'^l pri'Ached the go«pel fearlc*5lj and faith* 
fuiiy, wUeilier men would hear or forhear. 
<. vvDtjfive were added to the chui-ch dur- 
id; ]:i> brief ministry of 18 months. 

Ooe Sabbath, near the close of hit minifte- 
r*a! !at»urs for the church in Corinth, he »e- 
K-ti'l iiis t**xt5 from the zviiith chapter of 
.\^::<. In the morning it wa^, '* And he eontinu- 
tJ t\ere a year and six months teaching the icard 
c^ Gvii among them ;'* in the afternoon it wan, 
•• ^j,d many of Uie Corinthians hearing, hclievrdf 
cni vc-ere hap'ized,^ 

1'ae Uev.:?iil!m«n Morgan wa« in^tnlled a« 
p itor of this church Oct. 4, l^Zl. Member? 
tf r.,^ council that assisted in the installation : 
Fr :u ihe church in Lyme. N. H., Rev. Erdix 
T' Mier, panor, Bro. B. Latham, Pel.; Brad* 
f : 1. Uev. Silas McKeen, pastor, Bro. Israel 
\V:..trd. Del.; Newbury, Rev. Clark Perry, 
jA-tor. Bro. Joseph Berry, Del.; Randolph, 
I.- V. M'.Hcs Kimball, pastor, Dea. .Solomon 
i*^-.. :li, Del.; Brookfield, Rev. Daniel Wild, 
) »«; ir, D''a. Benjamin Elliot, Del. 

Mr. Morgan laborel in the ministry for 
r...' church and p«)j>le until April, 1>3^. — 
I'.r.n^ his mini^try 87 were added to the 
f".:r-h. In the spring and summer of 183^. 
t. - l.»^v. Mr. Benton preach«;d here very ac- 
c-^; 'tMy. He is now laboring in the minis- 
trv .Q Cslifornia. 

!!.♦• Ilev. John Foster preached here a few 
? I ai!i9 in the summer of 1835. He Was a 
y .:j^ jnan, and much devoted to the work 
f: i.i" Master. He was afterwardn settled 
c'.-r the church and people at Worcester, 
w * th he labored with such earnestness and 
la' f'T the spiritual welfare of his people, 
•^ y- ho gain«-d their love and highest esteem ; 
i *t Le was early called away from hit ser- 
^- •■'■ in the church on earth to the church 

T.'ie Rev. Solon Martin came here in the 
f- . "f 1V53H ^jjjj commenced preaching. He 
^ M autsi to labor with this church and peo- 
r^ I U Dec. 30, 1841, when h^ wa« insulled 
*• ] ^'tor. The council called on this occasion 
^''^- From the church in Orford, N. H.. 
^<v. D. Campbell, pa»tor, Dea. Peter Mantin, 

, * 

Del.; Lyme, N.H., Rev. Erdix Tennej, paetor; 
Craft^hury, Rev. Samuel R. Hall, pastor, Bro. 
Alba Siimpson, Del,; Newbury. Rev. Geo. W. 
Campbell, pastor, Bro. A. B. W« Tenney, Del.; 
Thetford, Rev. E. O. Babcock, pastor, Dea. 
Lyman Walker, DeL He continued in tho 
pastoral relation with this church *till July 10. 
It^, when it was diteolved. 

He was a faithful minister, and labored 
earnestly to promote the spiritual welfare of 
the church, and the best interest of his whole 
people. Few ministers have succeeded as well 
as he in gaining the friendship and esteem of 
all their parishioners, and all other denomin- 
ations of Christians in town. 

During his ministry there were 41 additions 
to the church. Since 1855 the church h.ns had 
no settled pa«tor, but has been supplied with 
preaching by various ministers of the same 
order. In the fall of 1855, the Rev. O. W. 
Merrill commenced his labors in the mini!>try 
here, and was ordained as minister without 
charge Nov. 17, 1857. 

II « was an earnest and successful preacher 
of the word, and did much to interest the 
young in the subject of religion. During hit 
mini.^iry 35 were received into the church.^ 
The Rev. William H. King«bury commenced 
preaching here in the fall of 1^5S, and con- 
tinu<;d his labors with the church IS months. 
He was or<la:ned here as an evangelii^t Jan. 
5, ISV.*. 

In May, ISCl, the Rev. Solon Martin again 
n-sumed his labors with this church and soci- 
ety, and continued with them as acting pas- 
tor till May, l^OC, when impaired health 
induced him for a season to suspend his labors 
and seek rest and recreation. 

In the summer of 156C, Mr. A- W. Hazen, 
then a theological student, spent 7 Sabbaths 
with this church and people, lie was a very 
eloquent and successful preacher, and succeed- 
ed admirably in gaining the affections of the 
whole people. In November, ISChi, the Rev. 
J. C. Houghton commenced to labor here in 
the ministry, and continued one year. 

At the present time the Rev. Mr. Winch, 
of Plainfuld. is preaching here half of the time. 
The whole number of additions to the church 
since its commencement is 310. The present 
number is 87 including the ab^ntees. Few 
towns in the State have furnished more emi- 
nent Congregational ministers than this. Th« 
first on the list it Rev. Silas McKeen, D. D., 
for many years pastor of the Congregatioo* 

- ' > 


. • 




al church in Bradford, lie wm a native 
of this town, and a son of David McKeen, 
Eftq., horn here March 16, 1791. 

Rev. Alexander A. Twilight, son of William 
Twilight, was horn here Sept 23, 1795 ; early 
in life became a Christian, prepared himself 
for the ministry, and was ordained as a Con- 
gregational minister at Brownington, Novem- 
ber. 1829. 

Rev. Erdiz Tenney, D. D.. son of Doctor 
Joshua Tenney, was born here June 11, 1801 
In his youth he became a Christian ; united 
with the Congregational church in this place ; 
graduated at Middlcbary College and at .\nd- 
over Theological Seminary, and became the 
pastor of the Congregational church in Lyme, 
N. H.. where he remained 37 years. 

Rev. Asa P. Tenney, son of Jonathan Ten- 
ney. was born here. }{e became the pastor 
of the Congregational church in West Con- 
cord, N. il., where he remained Hill his death. 

Rev. Orpheus T. Lamphere. son of Sabin 
Lamphere. was born in this town; graduated 
at the Vermont Uni/ersity and at Andovor 
Theological Seminary ; became the pastor of 
the Congregational chnrch at Derby, where 
ho labored in the ministry for a time, and then 
went to Exeter, N. H. 


There are not many natural curiosities of 
note in town, but there is one very singular 
majdo tree standing on the farm of CapL Da- 
vid Dearborn : 

The top of the tree very nearly resembles 
4 cone in shape. It puts out no leaves except 
at the extreme end of ita branches, and these 
leaves lay over each other like the shingles 
on the roof of a building. 

There are at the present time (1869) four 
stores in town, 3 carriage-factories, 4 grist- 
mills, 6 meeting-housot, 24 school -districts 
and 23 school-houses. 


The first post-of&ce was estahliBhed at 
Corinth Center in 1S06. Postmasters — Jacob 
Brown, Loander Cooke, William Spencer, 
Theodore Cooke, Caleb C. Sargent 

The post-office at East Corinth waa estab- 
lished in 1830. Postmasters — I]hineas Stearns, 
John Merrill, Nathan Blake, Reuben Paige, 
jr., Nathan D. Blake, J. K. Darling. 

The pott-office at West Corinth, was estab- 
lished in Dee. 1860. Postmaster-^Charles 


PuTfiiciA5S. The following phy«iciaiy 
have practiced in this town : Joshua Tmn^-v 
Joseph Omsby, Epaphras Smith, Alvah Car 
penteri Cyrus Car{»enter. John Robie. lliran 

Morgan, Baldwin, Morri>on, lln.i.] 

Dustin, Adoniram Smalley, L-rael Jhhkl. v 
U. 11. Cillett, George W. Scott. Gtoruv ^V 

Downs, Fwter, John Omsby, E. T.S:i;ii!i 

C. B. Flanders, H. M. Corwin. 

Lamtters. William Sp'?ncer, E. T. Firr 
Daniel B. James, A. S. I^ittle. 


60 far as can be obtained. 

John Nutting. 
Samuel Haseltine, 
Moses Muzzey, 
Joshua Tenney, 
David McKeen, 
Gould^burn Taplin. 
Richard Smith, 
Winthrop Green. 
Stephen Eaton, 
Josbua Merrill. 
William Si>cnc«r, 
Amos C. Tenney, 
John A. Tenney, 
Henry Dearborn, 
Ephraim Ward. 
Joseph Fellows, jr. 
John Richardfon. 
Samuel Darling. 
Michael Stevens, 
Moses Sawyer, 
Benjaioin Sleeper, 
John Chubb, 
David Dearborn, 
Plant S. Poor. 
Lynds Luther. 

Cyrus Heath, 
Putman Ilarrimao, 
Benson Aldidge, 
James Spear. 
0. W. B. E;ifttman. 
Ezekiel True, 
John Taplin, 
Thomas Wa*son. 
Daniel Woods, 
Jeremiah Wright, 
J. C. Colbv, 
Arunah Ward, 
Nathaniel liaufill. 
Nathan 1>. Blake. 
Jonas W. Ciark, 
Manhfic-ld Taphn. 
William Grant 
li'aac Prescot. 
Loami F. Halo, 
Arad S. rorli<s, 
Frederic V. Eaton, 
Jacob B. Sl«*vcn?, 
Elliot T. Farr, 
Nehemiah Taj-lia.jr. 
lioswell Crook, 

Gouldsburn Taplin jr. John B. Ixkke, 
Nathan Blake, A. J. George, 

Jonathan Robie, 2d. J. B. Dearborn, 
Aristarkus Taplin, Daniel Dow. 
Amos S. Little, 


George Sleeper, S. C. Clement, 

Reuben Paige, jr. 


Nehemiah Lovewell, Nicholas Hale« 
John Nutting, Daniel Cooke, 

Samuel IlaseltllDt, John B. Corliss, 

Joshua Tenney, 
Joseph Omsby, 
>Villiam Speneer, 

Stephen Eaton, 
Richard Smith, 
Plant Sawyer, 



Nathan D. bUke. 
Mo#<4 C. HenJeraon, 
Amon S. Little, 
Ch«rlei» 0. Smith. 
Reuben Paige, jr. 
Arad S. CorliM, 
(♦reenleaf Winchcj^tcr, 
Roswell Crook. 

•'itT Eaton, 
i:uurl Darling, 
I'lnthrop Gret»n, 
iihraim Ward, 

*.i\ j«l P«arl>orn, 
lu;.l»anl Ktllowi, 
..:iim1 iVurlKirn, 
-hu A. Ttnnc-y, 


;.-..riv li:infill, J. B D^-arboin, 

i'.M'A Jl.iM-ltine, Man*>6c>l<l Taplin, 

i;: i:«l llaM'hine, jr. (u*orgc C. Cooke. 
oh:i A. T«iint'V, 


i\'*-\ .Tjirliinrin, John Thur«ton. 

Viri-t^lln'r Avery, Solomon Ward, 

^'.-1 M.-rrill. 

-!iiu Kulsora, 
•"..•• ',;i.'l Tru*», 

••:.'. i:iiin S.lf?ej»er, 

f :. iihnn P.obie, . 
"i —I'T Pike, 
r i-k«-r I>avi«, 
V'irtre Slrr»per, 
K *'.n Brown, 
1'' !.tltr Bank*, 
M'liii M.i^^oon, 
Uyf-'^.h lSaul?orn, 

Nathan Tiius, 
Joj-iah Burnham. 
RoIktI ^liMfnT, jr. 
Tlioina« Lund, 
David na\v1in?«, 
Jonathan Colbv. 
Jo»«**I»h Chubb. 
Mo«i-<« •Mar-'liall, 
Ezra Slooper, 
Tlioma^ Bank^ 
Samuel Bichard.«on, 
Jethro Sleej'er, 
James Norrif, 
Robert Carr, - 

Movef WftMon. 
Jonathan Rawlingi, 
Robert Waa^on. 
Areata Moalton, • 
Job Clement, 
John Norria, 
Miohael Stereni, 
James Annis, 
James lira ret, 
Samuel Norris, 
?.iniupl Darling, 

Jesj^ Bailey, jr. 
Eiekiet Norris, 
W. T. Jackroan, 
ret«r Eaton, 
John Cliflbrd, 
Isaac Heath, 
Caleb Heath, 
David H«-ath, 
Samuel Fellows, 
John Fejlows, 
Natltan B. Tajdin. 
Moil of the Foldiers have received their 
government bounty. 

At the time of the battle of IMattpburgh, 
ne<«r^e SbMper, then bilng a youth, wa« loft 
at home to t.ike care of the faiiiilr in liis fa* 
llior'i" ab«*« nee, who had iitarted wiih the com- 
pany for the ^cal of war. 1I«» \va« remie'«t»*d, 
hy one of hi'' youtliful coinjanion*. to po with 
him to the war. Georpc an«wt'r»^l. 1 will 
^o: but, I mu^t firM po to tlie hou*e and ^ot 
my boot*, be at the time Uin^ ban foot. He 
went to the hou*e and ohtain»'d hi» boots, 
told bi»« in«ith"r he wan poinp fi^^hing : f<Mind 
hi'« fi'liinji-ta-klo and started on not with 
the intention however, of fi-hini* for trout or 
pirkerel. but eaj:or to catch redcost."*, or Brit- 
i-^h "oldiers. 

He overtook the company at MontjMdi^r, 
w]ier«* h** ext'hinp'd hi« fishing rod for a gua 
and marohtd to I'latU^burgh. 


AUj!. '01. 





• t 

J.n 1^01. Richard Orr, 

S')lomon H**ath, 
ManHlj.-ld J. T.ii»lin, 
William S. Aikm, 
Sabm Currier, 
Geo. Ricliarison, 
John Kifi'^ld, 
Henry Beard, 
John Day, 
Michael Stevens, 
Charles Stevens, 
Cornel i lit O. Colby, 
JoFeph A. Crdby, 
John S. Collins, 
Cliarle* Einerv. 
Harrison A. \Villson, iilh 
Charles O. Cooke, 
Geo. S. Avery, 
Cortes H. Avery, 
Cliarle* Collins, 
Andrew J. McFarland, 
(»eo. Dearborn, 
Charity A. Flanden, 
Silan H. Tucker, 
Alexander L. Barker, 
Edwin Martin, 
John Oilman, 
Washington Bedaa, 

A 15 2. V;2. 
<> 1. ♦il. 
Jan. ol. 

A '12. 'C2. 

A :4. '02. 

Jan. '02 

I'-:. T,3. 

I'-c '03. 







/f« mnrkt, 

Di«<l in h«'«vital Aug. 'C3* 
Dij^rha'p'-d 'OS. 
Di>rhrirp*d Oct. 'G4. 
Kilh-liu hiiiile May '04. 
D;'*«l in cinip May '01, 
l)i«j'li:ir^'fJ June 62. 
Di« d in caiin* March *63. 
Di>ohargfd June V>5. 

MuFteied out June *C5 
•• •« t« %» 

Sharp shooters ; musL out July 7, '65, 

Mustered out June 9, '65. 
•i •• «• *f «« 

Trans, to Co. D, June '65. 
Mu»t. out June '65. 

Mnst. out June 7, *65. 

Dec T,4. 
Mast out June 7, *65. 

•• " Jan. 9, •65. 
Died in hospital. 

' ■ * . • * - 


% ,»' 

-• • • ■ 


■■'■: ■ 



'I r 


t .i 

I . 


« « 

! ( 

1 . 

• ; » I 

I * ' 

I • 


« t 



Aug. 'O*. 

Nov. '61. 
Dec '63. 

Aug. *62. 

Dec. '63. 

Dec. '63. 

June '62. 
Dec. '63. 
Sept '63. 



Aug. '64 
Jan. 'Gl. 
Dec, '61. 
Dec '63. 

June '62. 
Dec. '61. 


Sept. 63. 




Henry H. Tompton,. 7th 

Albert FUnden^. 

Orlando Collin*. 

Jof«eph Brooks, 

Solomon Bixby, 

Alba Banks, 

Orrin Avery, '^ 

CharleP W. Heath, Cav. VoL 

Carlos Moore, 

Joseph Moore, 

(leorge H. Wiggins, 

Henry Martin, 

Jesfie Muuey, 

Moi«es Leavitt, 

WillU R. Bliss, 

Benjamin Kicker, 

John Sputhwick, 

George Norcross, 

Frederick Hanson, 

Jami-t Dickey, 

Abel Heath, 

Michael Cunningham, 

William Paige, jr, 9th 

John Paige, 

John Colby, 

Geo. S. Prescot, 

Dexter S. Prescot, 

(Jeo. W. Stevenii, 2d 

Burnharo Cowdry, 

Port us S. Brown, 

Amos Corliss, 

£>iward F, Keenan, 

Calvin T. Bond, 

Wright Evans, 

Samuel Ea5tman, 

George L. Parker, 

Cyrus H. Parker, 

Julius G. Parker, 

Lewis E. Parker, 

Charles Paige 2d, 

Orlin Collins, 

William Heath, 

Hcman H. Gillette, surgeon Sth 

Must, oat Jan. 7. '65. 

Served in U. S. Army 7 yean. 
Discharged, June *65. 

Mnst. oat Aug. 7, '65. 

6th Died in hospital Sept *62. 






Mast oat Dec '65. 

Mast oat Dec. '65. 

•« M 


15th Discharged July '64. 








Horace £. Taplin,' 
Henry Ring, 
Rufus Rowe, 
Horace P. Emerson, 
Wm. H. H. Corliss. 
Edwin R. Corliss, 
El bridge Stevens, 
Henry W. Mann, 
Ira H. Gilbert 
Charles Paige. 
Charles McArthar, 
Charles Hubbard, 
John Hubbard, 
Charles Dickey, 
Cyrus Carpenter, 
J. K. Dariins, 
Joseph Knignt jr. 
Irfing Stevens, 
Osman C. Brown, 
Geo. H. Willson, 
Orwell N. Jewell, 
Frank Ward, 
Hiram Avery, 
Abner Avery, 






Died in camp, Nov. '64. 
Discharged Doc *64. 
Feb. '63. 
•• '65. 
Died in camp. 

Mast oat Jan»'65 


Must out Jao» '65. 

Died in hospital New Orleans Joly '63. 

Discharged Jaly '63. 

Died at l^ew Orleans May '63. 

12th Discharged Jaly '64. 
•« « •• 




Died in camp Mar. '64. 
Discharged July '64. 


15th Discharged. 




»f eArr. wviTNRor t. iACiMMi. 
The firi^t civilired fiettlerorat in lh« South- 
wwi i»tri of Corinth w»« mmU br Jo^i-ph 
Fellovrf, a young man in ibe IHh yearof hii» 
Age. who came from Salisbury, Mai«.. in ITi^l. 
lud toiuuiencnJ making improvcinenU on thf 
farm wbicb be bad j>urcbw^ and on whirb 
le lived the reinaind<rr of bis life. At th<' 
tiitif lie Wgan on bif land tbire wcrc no in> 
liiliiantt Within about 4 milf« of bim nnd 
lh« road to bia neigbtom was by inHrkc«l 
irti-«. He had a cou.^in, William Fellows 
whoFf^idtrd in the back p«rtol Ni-wbury, 1- 
s-ilv* Irom where be ww making \m btgin- 
Liiij; for a farm and be ha»l liis* \va>lung and 
Kikmj; done there. He would »li4ri froiu hi** 
cabiu Saturday in the afltTUoon, go to bi!« 
cou^m's and Apend the Sabbath and leturn 
OD Monday and niuain through anotlnr 
T\f.k without a porhun to ^^•l•ak with or look 
\i]">n. In thi» be continued through tbv 
5i iMwuT and Fall and returned to MaJ'smhri 
Kit^ t') f|»end the Winter and rcturu :igain in 
{].'■ ^^jring and go through the hanic pr«>c«'s«* 
aii 'ilii-r season, for pome 4 year*, except be 
ta 1 a brother with him, part of the lime, the 
f^ond fea^on. 

In 17>1, bii» cousin, William FelUmn, came 

^:A ^itilt'd on land adjoining and »ooa built 

a ! >^ cihin and moved on bit family {>oon 

a::>r. William Fellowi at that time was a 

p ahrad bu?ineM« man. He took up .quite a 

)^ri:- tract of land and made improvtmeniJ> 

ra .ily for tho?e timo«. He and Jof^^pb Fel- 

)vA: fH out the first apple-trees that were 

"t f'Ut in this vicinity and some of tht-m are 

v't Manding (ISSU). There was a boaver- 

:..» i-iuw on his land of quite a number of 

3» *:-•<, that ]>roduced a good crop of grasn 

■a . h the first i^ettlers used to cut for hemp. 

T./r-r w>re three small streams of water that 

'Jjii'd in this meadow. After their union 

''•''■r formed quite a stream, on which the 

}'.IuW!i' and Pome other of their neighbors 

' •• "♦^ a t-Aw mill at a very early day, which 

^^* a great convenience to the inhabitanta of 

'»-> vicinity in their transit from bark-covered 

^""j cabins to the more convenient framed and 

l<ardcovered buildings. There baf alwayv 

•^ a a saw-mill kept up on or n^ar the same 

'^itioQ to this time, a period of upwards of 


In 1788, Abal Jackman, from iba aame 

neighborhood thai Jos«^ Fellow* mma from, 
bouglit a lot of land lying east of Joaepb Ftk- 
lows and immediately went to work making 
improvements n|ion it. Ha and Joseph Fel- 
lows u«ed to work on their la^d throagb th« 
Summer and Fall and retam to MaMacba- 
settii and go 6sbing in tb« Winter. 

Thoy continued lo manage in Uiat way na- 
'il 17i>l, when they were both married and 
moved their wivc-s into their log -cabins ia 
the wilderness at the same time. The land 
lying westerly of the land occupied by ih« 
hillows* was taken up about tbia time and 
occupied by Ronj ISrown, John Brown 2d, 
J.icob SlecjK»r, and Kzra Sleej«er, all of whom, 
fXcept Jarob SltM-^ier, remained on their 
farmk as long as they lived and were respec- 
table and valued citizcna. Simon French 
went on to the lot ea^t of JackmanV aboot 
the same time Jackman went on to bis and 
remained uutil IHM>, theu sold to Stephen and 
IVtcr Katon and left this pjirt of the country. 
Some ye.irs previou:* to this time, Moses Heath. 
Abi-1 Heath, Joseph Heath, and Charles W^ard 
had settled on land lying northerly of tb« 
tr.ict Fi'ttliHi by the FellowN* and remained on 
ihe hame during their natural livea. 

About 17*^4, Kicbard Smith, another young 
man about 18 years of age, from Salisbury, 
N. II., commenced u|>on laud which bis father 
owned and proce^kd to make improvements 
on the aame, and eventually made it one of 
the het-i farms in the town. He built the first 
two-story house in tliat part of the town and 
afterward put an addition to it, making it, 
with out-buildings atta<*hcd to it, about th« 
largest block of farm buildings in the town. 
Til is house and out- house's were all burned ia 
October, 185U-«thb only dwelling of much 
imjiortance ever burned in tbia ]»art of tb« 

Joseph Fellows, the pioneer of the settle- 
ment in this part of the town, lived to se« 8S 
years and was always a highly rc-spect<Kl dit- 
izen, and a man of unusual firmnesa and strict 
integrity. Thib neighborhood was the cradU 
of Methodism in thi^ section of the country, 
and although bis religious tenets were Calvin- 
i^tic, yet be joined with them and was % prom* 
inent and highly respected member of that 
church during tba remainder of his life. Wm. 
Fellows was an ent«q»riting bosineKi man, 
honest in bit dealing with bia fellow m«ii, 
somewhat eccentric in bia religiooa views, bat 
a man of great courage and daring A littU 


.A- - 


>,' i 

- 1 • 


\ I 

* i 



circam«Unc6 will »«rv6 to illu'^trate Oiit Utter I until June 24, 1820, when he, aMiftiog in 
quality. Somewhere about 1^03 or *04. the ; putting a twarm of beet into a hive, wm 
inhabitantii of the Foulh |mrt of tlie town had ' stung ro that he expire^ immediately. \U 
a controversy wiih tlie town of Verrhire re- wai aged at the time of hit death 58 years. 
«|»ecting tlie jurinJictional line of the town^. In June, 17U7, Mo»ef Jackuian (a broiWr 
Vershire by i^ome finefM; duccet-ded in getting ; of Abel Jackman), and Josiah Iv<dlint>, wlule 
tl»e Ic^gislature of tlie Slate to |»a-«* an act giv- j emfdoyed in telling trees for Abel Jackmin. 
iui? llicm the jurii^hction of a ►irii* of land j wore feUing a tree together, which wlun it 
one mile in width oif of the fouth »ide, the . fell Mruck Mr. Jackman on tlie head, killing 

whole Iciigth of the town of Corinth. The 
Vcrfchire jK-ojile then came on with their sur- 
veyor, cliain-m»-n, axrmen, Ac, to ^urvcy 
and allot out the land. When tbey came on 
to " Uncle Williaurs " land, the old gentle- 

him instantly. 

V0I.C5TEi:M OF 1814. 

At the time of the invasion bv the Brit.^b 
in Sc-ptfinber, 1814, the following named j^r- 

Peter Eaton, lieutenant, John Clifford, \V 
T. Jackman, sergoantis. The company wirc 
detained at Burlington for want of mt«nst: 
transportation so that the British had iuo-:!t 
left before they were able to reach riait.-Lur^. 


Peter Eaton, David lleatb, 

Isaac Heath, John Brown, 

Samuel Fellows, John Clifford, 

. Lncie v> niiam s jana, ine oia genue- , ,^„^^ ,^M\^^ in the southweH part of G>r- 
an, allliough advanced ^ v^'^rs. feeling his ^^j^^^^^^j ^^^ immediately on the rfru.i 
pugnacious a little moved that they !f the intelligence and within 4 houri^ 
should prcumc to trespass on his premises. I ^^ ^^^ ^^^^,, ,^ PlattJ»burg. On the way to 
re.<olvc4 to drive them off. He put a pretty j they fell in with a larger j-anv 
smart .pur in the heel and a smart switch in • f^^„ Vershire with whom they unit.d ai.i 
his hand and, mounting " old wall-eye." his ^,^.^^ organized by Jacob Collamer, then aJ- 
favorite hoi^, at them he went. They un- j^.^^„,j, ^^ q^.^ p^^„^^,^ commander t>f ii.« 
derlook for a while to defend thcmselvtii. but oj u^jgde of the 4th Division of the .M.!;:. 
the horse was as fearless as his rid.r and ^j ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ Vermont. The offiars chvt. j 
rushed right on to them regardless of all the ^^^ ^,^^ company Irom those from Corinih w..v 
defence they could make, and he finally drove t 
them all out of the field and cleared his prem- 
i.«es of them. The inhabitants on the mile 
•trip Were very much dih^aiisfied with being 
placed under the jurisdiction of Vershire and 
petitioned the next kgislature to be set back 
under the jurisdittiou of Corinth. The legis- 
l.iture so far complied as to establish the 
W'hitelaw line as the jurisdictional line be- 
tween the towns and it !ias so remained to 
this time. * 

In June, ISOl^ Abel Jackman was elected 
captain of the company of militia in tlie 
south part of the town and continued in the 
military line until November, 1812, at which 
time and for some years before, he was in 
command of the regiment. He then petitioned 
the governor to be relieved from his command 
and received an honorable discharge. He 
was a man of good moral principles and strict 
integrity and filled many re5pon>ible officer 
in the town. 

At the time of the invasion of Plattsburg. 
by the British, in 1814. he raised a company 
of volunteers and marched immediately for 
thci seat of war, but before they reached the 
jdace, the British bad retreated. 

Col. Jackmat^ was » soldier of the Revolu- 
tion and was at West Point at th» tima of 
Arnold'f defaction. 

Col. Jackman oontinned toliv* onbii farm 

W. T. Jackman, 
Caleb Heath, 

John Fellows. 
Josiah RoUii)g«. 

Stephen Eaton and his brother Petrr l:v>. 
together on the same farm about 8 yor^. 
when he sold his share to his brother r<'-r 
and bought the farm on which hi« hpi^' 
Henry had been living for some ytar^ ' - 
which place he lived until his denth. !•' 
died in June, 1852, agc-d 75 years. He wa-- 
prominent nian in the bui'inc^ of tie v ^^ 
filling many important offices, such a« •''^•' ' 
man, lifter, overseer of the poor, kc. Il*-'^-' 
elected a justice of the peace soon alter i^ 
came into the town and was contiuu<^i - 
that office until the titu« of his death. b<>hi:: 
tha office mora years and trying more t a-* 
than any other justice tliat was ever in ^'-^ 
town. He was a man of strict moral f r:^' > 
pies, great firmnesa and unqnestionsble <s- 
togritj. Ue left one son and two daugiii-^ 
Uii ton, F. P. Eaton, baa held tha o^^^ 


M ' 

. » * 

t ' 



ju«iic« of th« }*e%ct mo#t of the Unit since 
ihtr df ath of hU fatber. 

Pett'T Emton (tU}*tAined a iiromioent ttand- 
in,; Hinong the inliabitanU of the town. Soon 
slur he came into town he was promoted in 
th«4 iniliiaiy line and continued, from one 
f\:i'^o t.) anoihcr, until he arrived to the com* 
:ua:iJ of a conij«any. He rej»re*«nted the 
luuu a nuuiWr of teriuB in the Ifgiiilature of 
\.,v Suite and was twice a delegate to the 
ci.nv.ntion called to amend the constitution 
of il.f ^'^liiie. JI*» coutinufd to roide on the 
hAi.iM f:irm. making additions to it uutil he 
} .1 i avuiuulated a g'H>d i»ro|»erty for an or- 
•l.r.arv fanner, lie lived until he 78> of j^t^, nnd died January. Ibol 

Kkhaid .SiiUih continue*! to live upon hi^ 
U:ui Jiud make additions thereto until he he- 
ij:ui- ou«- of the mo>t wealthy farmers in ihc; 
1 ua. IK* waj* a prominent man a.« a |>oIiti- 
wau auJ one of the leaders of the Democratic 
] iriy. lie waM promoted to many offices in, among which were reprt-bcntaiive to 
lii I'g.'l.iture and justice of the j»eace. Jlo 
.;..] :u July, lh'»l, aged 74 years. 

• h-hu Hruwn, Jonathan Boyden, Rohert 
<i :<]<n, James E<i''tman, David Moulton, Mi- 
i i^.tli Moulton, Noah Lund, Henry Hale, Ru- 
i^- liarriman, Jo>ej>h Morri«, James Noye-*, 

.'• hii \Vjl-'»n, Miller, John Davi^ JameK 

»' ':.'/, David Moulton, Jr., Elijah Moulton, 
V. r-aniong the fir^t ^ttlcrs in the south part 
<'f ihe town. 

ST J. F. »OT!ITOir. 

T!..; Fir>t Free Will Baptist church in Cor- 
:: 'li wa« organized in the west part of the 
• ' vn, in 17i»s, by Elder Ballard of Unity. N. 
H . \\ !.o rame hy request of tho.«e who became 

• i •■.i'.-'r». The church at that time numbered 
'- ' :.!• iJilHrri*. Xot far from this time Daniel 
I' l-'-Mt-r catne from Unity, N. H., and was 

•ii.ii'd 0-t. 4. 17t>9, in the house of Moj:*-s 
j^Ii'-'in'.l. The meetings were held at the 
•i* ilingM of the brethren for a number of 
y .!>. but mostly with John Norris, whose 
'• '■>«? and heart were oj>ea at all timen to re* 
c-'Vtf »urh as cam« trusting in the Lord. 


'•J l-rescb. 

In the year 1814 or '15. Elder Nathaniel 
l'''Mrl.scame into the town and held meetings 
*& *ll places where he wa« requested, at dwell- 
^'^ of the brethren, or in school-houses. 

1M6, in the month of Joine.^ they finished 
the house. 40 by 41 feet on the ground. oa« 
story, and with what was callt-d hip-rool^— 
and square }^ws according to ancient style, ia 
which they continued to wonthip until 185S. 

In the year 181!7, Stephen I^savitt. former- 
ly from Meredith. N. II., wa-« ordained. He, 
with others, preached as long as he staid in 
this section of country. 

In the year 1828. Ste«]man Cummings waa 
set a]>art to the worK of the ministry soon 
after the church was organixed. Jo»1iua 
Fol<tom and Jose|>h Heath were clioiien dea> 
cons; Smith Leavitt was choAcn as.<istani 
deacon in 1835. 

Elder Jo«ejdi Flag united with the church 
in May, 1W9, and died, June, the siime year. 
In the ye,ir IK^ another good hou*e waa 
erected, not far from where the old one stood, 
which is occu]tied at the pr<vent time. 
Tlie name}) of ministers rair«*d in the church 
are as follows: Sti-phen I^iavitt, Stedman 
Cummings, A. D. Smith, Ezekiol True Jr.,* 
(til man S.inb<»rn, N. K. Ge<»rg*». John Norrit 
Jr , Jofiah Norris. Eiekiel True, Wj«s clerk 
of the church from Dec 25. 1820, till Februa- 
ry, 18:i3; John Norri% clerk ull .March 14. 
1838; then J. P. Boynton wa< cho>«en clerk, 
who has retained the office ever sim^e, with 
the exception of 2 years, being absent. 

■T i»CAroii MUtCT. frr^snomSB. 
About 1830. Rev. Nathaniel Bowles, who 
was at that time preaching in the weKt part 
of the town, hearing the Mac^'donian cry, 
*• Come over and help us,** came over and 
preached tnd many w^re added to the num- 
bers of such as we tru»«l will b** ^aved. Other 
preachers followi»d and preached until tlie 
time came, Dec. 15, 1S32. when it was thought 
best to organixe a church. The meeting for 
organization wa« !>eld in the school -house oo 
the Hill. J. Fol«om, moderator. S. Leavitt, 
cl«*rk. After the presiding officers were elect- 
ed, brother Bowles and some others made 
some remarks, after which Elder S. Leavitt 
msde the consecrating prayer and Elder N. 
Bowles gave the right hand of fellowship 

1S05, Jofiah Norris received license and then, the church being formed, brother 

S. Dearborne and brother J. Wright were 
cho'>en deacons, and David Bradbury clerk. 
We held meetings at the school-house and fre- 
quently in barns, till at length we concluded 
to haild a meeting-hon«e at the South Mead- 

G^ul I meeting-house was built In the year owt, oo the leading road from Bradford to 


I • 



i> • 

* . > 

• B • 

• * 

t i 

' 1 '? ! 

- ri 

: s' 

1 r 


V CKMU.I r tllS^lvniOAb MAUAZif«(E; 


ChelMA. From thin time we have bad vari- 
ous preachere, viz.: Eevf . N. Bowles, S. Leav- 
itt, G. Sanboru, S. D. Smith, F. Moalton. M. 
C. Henderson, D. Sweet, G. W. Richard.«OD, H. 
F. Dickey, S. Comingi. 0. Shipmao, S. W. 
Perkins, F. X. B. B;ildwiD, L. Dewey, and 
J. D. Cro5j, our present minister. These and 
some others have preached with us from time 
to time with good etfecL Our first number 
of members wm 35 ; our greatest number, 80 ; 
our present number, GO. 



In giving a brief historical sketch of this 
town, it becomes necessary to include both 
Fairlee and West Fairlee. down to the ytar 
17U7, Si» they were, originally, one town from 
the date of the charter, in 1761, to that year; 
when Uie territory constituting the tow)i!<hip 
was divided, by an act of tlie Ifgit'lature, into 
two se]<Arate townships, — called Kairke and 
West Fairlee; and. by the same act, were 
re^'tricted to one reprefcutative from both 
towns ; which restriction, altltough in viola- 
tion of the connitution, was submitted to by 
the inhabitants of both towns until the year 
1822,* when each town, by mutual consent, 
agreed to elect a re]>re«entalive ; and Capt. 
Solomon Maun wvs chosen to rejtrcscnt Fair- 
lee, and Samuel Graves, Esq., West Fairlee. 

The prei^nce of two members claiming seat* 
in the House of Representatives, from the 
locality formerly called Fairlee, created some 
discuK^ion, — being objected to on the ground 
of its evident violation of the act of the legis- 
lature, making a division of the town. In 
re)*ly one of the members referred to the 
^onctitution of Vermont (part 2d, sec. 7th), 
which settled the question of the right of 

As before stated, the town was chartered 
in 17«>1 ; and, for the benefit and gratification 
of the curious in huch matters, and to exhibit 
the. authority and afsumed majesty of kings, 
I give the document entire, as it came from 
the band of tbe then Governor, penning Went- 
worth, of the Province of New Hampshire. 

'*rB0VlSr£ OF New llAMrSHlBfi. 


George the third, by the Grace of 
[P. 8.] God, Xing of Great Britian, France 

and Ireland, 

Defender of the Faith ^ 
*S& years 

To all persons to whom these prei^eDti 
shall oome, — Greeting : 

Ktiow Yt That We, of Our special Grace, 
certain knowledge and m<^re motion, for the 
due encouragement of settling a new planu- 
tion within Our Said Frcmnre ; bv and with 
the advice of Our truly and }tfU'B<luvtd 
Benntng Wcntworth, E*q.<, Our Oovernor and 
Commander in Chief, of Our said Province of 
New Hampshire, in New England; and of 
Our Council of the said Province ; Have, uj-on 
the Condition and Reservation hereinafter 
made, given and granted, and, by the»e Trid- 
ents, for Us. Our heirs and Successors, do ^ire 
and grant, m equal shares, unto Our Lonwj 
Subject*, inhabitants of Our Said Proviure of 
New llamjMliire, and Our other Governmet.u, 
and to their heirs and assigns, forever, \vh<.>c 
names are entered on this Grant; to be <ii- 
vided to and amongst them, into sevm;? 
equal shares ; all tliat tract or parcel of Ian 1 
M-ituate, lyin)Z and being within our ta.i 
Province of New Hamp^hire, containing by 
admea^urment about Twenty-Four Thoii^in i 
Acres; wUich tract is to contain soineilnii: 
more than six miles square, aud no inort^.f 
out of which an allowance is to be ina«ie w: 
highwavs and unimprovable land, by l%ock>, 
Pouds, Mountains and Rivers. 

One Thou>and and Forty Acres free, accori- 
ing to a plan and survey thereof, ina<le \j 
Onr Slid Governor t Order, and returned into 
the Secretarie's Office and hereunto annexrii: 
butted and bounded as follows: viz., 

Beginning at a tree standing on the V>A:.i 
of Connecticut River, marke<l with the fi»' ir -? 
7 and 8, which is the North-easterly C'tri'r 
bound of Theiford ; thence North li'P. W^: 
hix miles, by Theiford afore^taid. to the Nor 
we:*terly corner bound of Theiford ; th* • t 
North 33®, East 61 miles; thence South • :=. 
East seven miles, to a tree marked wit). '. <i 
figures 8 and 9, standing on the bank of ('• u- 
necticut River aforesaid; thence down ^ 1 
River, as it runs, to the bound fin>t aKv« 

And that the same be and hereby is ire- :• 

ftorated into a township by the name of Ka:: 
ee; And the iuliabitants that do, or ri. .i 
hereafter inhabit the said Towns^hip, are 1.' '•■■ 
by declared to be Enfranchised with, i-' 
entitled to, all and every the Privile;;^? v^'i 
Immunities that other towns witliio [ 
Province by law exercise and enjoj. A:.i 
further, that the said town, as soon hs t! *- 
shall be fifty families resident therein. :» ; 
settled thereon; shall have the privil .:• : 
holding two Fairs; One of which fluii* -* 
held on the and the otlier t n • 

annu.illy ; which Fairs are n"* '^ 
continue longer than the respective 
following the said 

And as soon as the said Town shall c":-- •■ 
of fifty families, a Market may be oi»enrl .• • 
kept one or more days in each w«*eK. a* f- ' 
be thought most advantagious to^the in'^ 
Unto; also that the first meeting for i* 

fA f»tb«r tndtflnitt boaadary or qiMutii j. 




cho]Ct of town officfn n^r^^bU to the lawi | Chnmhrr in F)>rUimoutki or to twh officer or 1.1 

of U**r **^»*'' Prortnrf, h\\M \*e hfW on ih* ofiioerf at fhnW b« a|>poiiit«d to r«c«iY« tho ? ' 

•«^<oi)<i tu«^>Uv of OtioWy^^kt: which fniii Mime; and thi* to be in lien of all othtr rent* 

uie-nn^ *h.iil be notififJ by Mr. \ViM#»f Will* . an«l M»rvic«i wbatAoever. 

g: 1. wlio is ht-reby alm> ap|MintoJ ihc Mo-it* r- 1 In teniiinonr Whereof, We Knre caoj^ed tbo ^. 

H'nr of the pan] fir»l M*-tMin»;; which he » to | Sejil of Our 'iaid iVorinec to b« hereunto 7" 

i.^.:;fy AnJ uovtrn at;re«»Hhl»« lo the law* and ' afiiixed. i' 

c::.twn»< of Our S^itU Provinct ; And that lli«» j Wdnft Bcnnxn^ W<ntyn>rik, Etq^ Our Qcm-' T * lufftin^i. forever h«rr»ftor, for thi» fimitr ami O'tnmander in C%ief vf Our »aid t 

c".. >uc of }>uth otBo»T* for lh<' haid town, siiall \ Prftinrt, the ninth day of Srpteniber, in tho r* 

U ..n tho 5*-c«Mid iu«-fwinv of March Annu.U)y. year of i)ur Lord C1irii»t, One Thoo^and Se%-ea f ' 

To lUr^ And To J Lid the Mid tract of 1lundr«ni and Sixty One, and in the first * • | 

U:. i o-x above <'X|.n'-Md. it»gMl»er with nil tli*» y#»ar of Our Juigm. B. Wentworth. J*. • 

j:;vil«.:c4 and rt|»j»ur«vn4nce*, to tlwin and' Thfodore A tkin«on. Secretary. \ * j 

:• 'ir r»-j"-^tive lu'irs and A^igii* forever, — | Provinco of New Hamphire, September 
Lj '>a llio f«»llowiDg conditions: Vix , Oih, 17«»1 ; Recorded according to tlieoripnai 

fir>l. Tliat cv«-ry (iranioe, hi^ heirs or Charter, under the Province Seal, by Theoiloro 
k-:^!if ^l^all |»lani and ouliivaie fiv«j acrci* of Atkin««tn. .*^cretary. Copy of Record exam- 
1.:. I wiiliin tlie term of Gve ytar», for ev»-ry mod by Geo. King, D»*|»uty Sec 


i:";v -M':*-* coiit'tined in hif or th«»ir fhare or ! ' . - ^ 

5AME.4 or OtAXTKEt OF FAIftLCS. *' 

tr'.'rii'n of land inlaid to\vn«hin, and con- ' ..', %• • o • » 

i: .il.. to inii.rove and MMtle the ^aine by ad- : V'^^^\ riiauncev. Martin Smith. 

a.t. .nal culiivation. on iM-nallv of the forf.-il- IT^'^' ll"*iK'*^ I'^'^l ^*>*"0^y. * 

ur t.f Lis < Jrant or Siiare m tlio ^aid town- , J^ »**!'■'[ ^ '"*"*• David Paraont, 

sh. . a:id of itii rcvcniiu: to l\ Our Jinn V?»»*'» Jf"*^. \^ ^5^*"r ^ 

c*. / >./. r,'.*nrM, to be by C* or Thnn nRranied - V. ^V ^J ^^^^i , A exander Smith, , 

\o rxxAi of Suh„cu a« i^hall eif. dually H-^^kiah Hubbard, Kl»on^Ler Dickinaon, 

f.:l.. and culiivale tli. ^a!»e. V'''^ ( ook David Blodgctt. 

.<• ..nd. that all whito and oth.r i.ine tree? ^-^'n"* j Hknnp. Samuel Hunt, 

m ::.;u the Kaid town.vliii. fit for MaMiui; Our V,*'""^» "^'r*' tr***'^ Mattoon. 

;...!/ X/rv. be carefullv preserved for thai J^"*^^*: Hilling*. Kloaxer Mattoon jr. 

u.. : and none to be cut or f, ll^d without Oar J«'»n l-a^tinan. Solomon Bolt wood jr. 

>. r../ Ursine for %o duiii-. Iir^l had and VV"» JV '• ''^^'■* Simeon Clark, 

Jt.mrl. upon the penal: v of t'.o forleiture i?^'^ Blain Morm Cook, 

cf tii. r.'Jil of j.uch Cranio*., hit h. ir** and r;.**! '^^ <.o<>.linan, Jo-eph Dickinaon, 

V. jn?. to l\ Our Jinn uud SurosAon, nt^ ^Nill'-^in Barton. Oideon Dickinnon. 

»'.i aU.einj; Fubj.vt to the jK'iiahv of any Jl '^"••'*V;;'"'\V' Robert Dickinaon, 

» : or acis of Parliatuml thai now are. or Thon.a- Khvell. ii."*'^'*? P^»»» ^ 

I ' »;:. r i-hall be enacted .• " J uM in Hall Theo. Atkinaon Km^., 

T:i;r 1. That before any division of the ^^y' Marnhall, M. H. Wentworth Yj^^ 

]-. i u. Made to and the iirante<^. a '].«'" MrniKlmg. PU^nniiig Wentworth. 

t-» I of' land a* near the center of the i^aid . <"abb Poinroy, Samuel Hunt 

1 vn.iun. an |h« land will adfuit of. *ihall be i:»^*T*» V/Vr'^'i * Jonathan Hubbard, 

r rv-J and marked out for town Iom: One .Vathaniel Bartlott. Thomas I- rink. 

(.* \v!,:rh ^hall be allotted lo each Grantee, of ;];>•*•'' Harvey Jonathan Hant, 

t> ron!*nt.« of cne acre. I f-''<-nez.r Mo<Hly. Arad Hunt, . 

Kurih. Yielding and paving therefor, to Kboner.-r Dickinson jrEb^me/erStoucbton, 

^'- Oir Hnn and Sucrn$o'r$, for the j^pa'e noberi Lmnion*. S^.lonion EHwurtU, 

«f :.a years, to be computed from th« date V.^^<= ^""1^* Samuel Stfvena, 

i vf. the rent of one ear of Indian Corn •J^**"^!.'*^^:-^'' , J,**'""'' Jentworth, 

< : Iv. on the twenty-fifih day of December, if • I'^Y'^ V ubbard, h«quire Barton, 

I'^ViUv dem-ande.}; the fir/t pavinenl to be I nic^ard Chauncey. Maj. Jonathan Crcely, 

^ '.-i on the twenty-fifth day of December, i J^'-'^^^P^' Church. Oliver AVillard, 

i:.,2. ^* original Grante<-a. 

Kfih. Everr Proprietor, Settler or Inbal*- I It i« nowhere •»tat«-d bow much land a right 
•' :- 'Mall yield and ].ay unto L\ Oui Jleirs ' or s^liare containel ; but from the fact of tbt 

-. Snrrffnf,ri, Tearlv and everv vear forev* < • • i * * • • r/-./\ j 

• f f- .« 1 r" .1 -^ »iii*.yri^> > lurt* governors rij^ht containing WiO arret, and 
'/ Ir-m and after the expiration of ten yeart , , ^, , '^ . • . * 

• 2« i:... above ^aid twenty fifth day of De- . ^'^S *<'''ount*-d equal to two sharea, I infer 

.. ■ '• ^''»»' l» will be in the year of Our Lord that a hhare contained 2.V) acrea ; for, beforo 
I"-: oM shilling Proclamation Money for i^iHottin^ any portion of the territory to the«o 
;• ry hundred! acres he so owna. settle, or V^, grantee.. Hi« Excellency Governor Went- 
1 *'^*'-'; and ao in proportion for a greater i '^, . . , -^ .••.!* •• 

• ' ; vr tract of the haid land ; which Money 1 ^^""^^ ^"^^^ •I'^Jal care to provide himaelf 
' -^'1 U }iaid by the re:*pectivo |K;n>ona above with the above named amount of choice land ^\ 

'» 1. their hcirt or awigns in Our Cuncil in the S. E. corner of the town, bordering on ' "j 

•-n^^* ^ « .. --•.... ^ Connecticut Piirer. on the oa«f. and the town [}. 

U^^nff ,i,.n 1^ HMcte4r Doa't that look .-,,.,.,, . *i i. • ! / 

•"tt^vUtiikvcxpoif/Mfo/ of Thetford, on tht aouth. Alto one whole t I 


J ''r 










4 « 



right or share wm ordered to be »et apart for 
the Incorporated Society, for the propagation 
of the Gospel in foreign parta ; one share for 
a glebe for the Church of England, as by law 
established; one share for the first settled 
minister of the Goii|»el in Kaid town ; and one 
share lor the benefit of a school in said town 

We are left entirely to conjecture, why the 
governor's right should consist of poine of Uie 
be.<t land in town, when most of the lands 
apj»ropriated to public, pious or charitable 
purpose]*, were located on the most mountain- 
ous, barren and rocky portions of the town- 
ship. Whatever the dc-rign of tliosc who had 
this matter in charge might have been. — it 
evidently received the a])proval of Governor 
Wentworth ; as it was signed by his secretary, 
and countcri^igncd by the dejtuty secretary. 

However much gratitude King George is 
eutitled to, for the manifold provisions he has 
made for his royal subjects, it is evident that 
humiliation and oppression, from his throne, 
soon engendered a dirgUFt of royal favors, 
begt'tting a 5pirit of rebellion in his f>ubjects, 
which soon cau5od the a^it^uined power and 
maje^'ty of the king to vanish, and with it his 
renis of ears of Indian com, his proclamation 
money, and pine trcc-s for his royal navy, — 
and all before any decision was made as to 
the davs on which we should hold our fairs : 
and for this reason, perhaps, the blanks in 
the charter never were filled,-^thns leaving 
us at lilierty to buy or sell* when and where 
we plta5e<l, — regardless of regal consent — 
Query. — When we absolved our allegiance to 
the gtivernment of Great Britian, — why was 
the glelie ret.iiued for the particular benefit 
of the Engl'uh Church t 

Under the foregoing charter, the town of 
Fairbtj wsn a part and jiarcel of the province 
of New llami^shire, — sometimes called the 
Kew-]!amp!«hire Grants; and several of the 
first meeting* of the inhabitanu of Fairlee, 
were held in Orford, N. H., and the action 
taken by them, at several of tho*o meetings, 
is here given in part ; and to show the nn«et- 
tied state of public alTairs, at this early day, 
we would call the reader's attention to the 
caption of the following warrant * for a pro- 
pfietor*s meeting. 

• AltltoiiKb w« w»r* e1iU«N>d hj th« |roT*niin«nt of 
Kew llsm|»«hir^ Nt^ York wss at tb«> Mm« tiuM^. aiK 
sertlnc autlftrltjr nvrr im, and had •uUffHI h#r Jark- 
diction by divMlfif our territory into fonrcoantiM,— 

**Province of New Hampshire, ) 
Grafton County, as. ) 

Orford. May 21, 1774. This is to certifr 
and warn tlie proprietors f of Fairh-e. in \U 
County of Gloucester and Province of NVw 
York, to meet at the dwelling-houM^ of Ura-l 
Morey. Esq., in Orford aforesaid, on Mon^lav, 
the JOih day of June next." 

At tliis meeting Col. William Simp»on 
chosen moderator, and William King. ci> rk. 
"Voted, Israel Morey, Es^j-.J and Lifui. J<.:i. 
aihan Child be a committee to agrt^ wiih 
Moses C. Willard and John Paine, jr.. ^in- 
veyors ; to allott the towns1ii{> into e«| <ii- 
visions between the proprietors, in sMcli i-.:.v 
as shall aj^jn^ar most just and'lt- m 
said committee; and cause a plan of ^.| i 
survey to be returned on ilie firsi •l.iy -f 
August next, — to which time this in. ':,:.; 
stands adjourned.*' 

At the adjourned meeting, it was vot' 1 !o 
accept the j)lan and survey exhibit*'*] ly Is- 
rael Morey, Esq., and Lieut. i"u\\, 
and that the same, together with t!ie l- '. 1 
books, be recorded in the ]»roprietors* n i\ r '.-. 
Adjourned to August 2*3, at 10 o'clock, A. M , 
and then, 

•'Voted the sum of 2-"»7 pounds. 8 fhilli- : . 
lawful money, be emLillv a«'*;♦•^^o.l oi: • • 
rroi«rietor*s Kights in Fairlee, Umhj: 3 i"* r. 1*. 
18 snillings on ^ach original right, to <! :: t • 
the exjH-nse of allotting the townsliij., ru:: .; 
and clearing road-, and other necfs«ary k\- 
penses of said township." 

William Simj»son, Esq., Lieut. Chill a i 
Ichabod Ormsbee were elected as*;essors of :'•.; 
above sum, and Israel Morey, Esq., colk* i :. 
and that he be allowed five }>er sect : r 

"Voted, Israel Morey, Esq., Col. Jonn:! tn 
Giild and Ichabod Ormsbee be a cui:i:!... 
to lay out and make the necc>sary i* ••> 
through the township." 

At a meeting held, Dec 2«, 1779, a tnx f 
7 d. per acre was laid for the purpose ■*( 1." 
ing out and making passable two roal**. r.".- 
ning east and west, through the town,— T'- 
other from the south to the north siJe uf t • 
town, through the 100 acre lots,;| aii 1 : * 

Utter. Tbe wurrant aljoTe n^t-rr^d to— th«oij'«' ' 
wbirb {« ber« lu»<>rlM, umarkii a little of s «4': > 
kn4>wl<nlK«>. OB tbe |MUt of tb« iuluiMlAntA, m^ l" ^'- -* 

fTbis brlncv to mind tb« anecdote of ibet-'«»n.'', 
wbrti 4n dnnutT of li«»inir M|»««»t in • •qnall «»f « 't'-' • - ' 
cri«^loHt. nlirriMitrtjr, 'Mlihtd Lord nod l?ooJf>'» ' - 
not kuowtns «btM«> band« b« would fall lolo. ^ > <•' 
proprietor* of Fnirlre %r»re will Ins to dale th'tr •*'• 
rant and bold tbeir tti«<>tiii|[« In New UamiMJii^'^- "* 
calUttf tbemeelvea tabatilanta of OloncMl«r, N. >• 

} Aftorwardt (hm. Morsj. 

tbo two wMtwra ealird Cnnib^land and Gb»Qce«ter, ITbla road waa laid In tbat part 
aad tbis Iowa was aitaatad wliy« tb« llaaia of tba | Wast Fairla*, odlad Middle Brsok. 

of wbat b*^ 

. f 




rfpairing the Riv«r Ro*d.* £200 of tite 
»r.<rt«Ai«3 sam was a|ipropniii«d for the »ap- 
port of the Gonpel in connection with Orford, 
or otherwise; al»o, "£100 af a bounty to 
hrsA Morry, E^., provided be fball, within 
two Vfrtrt from the first day of December, 
Dcit. erect and complete, for bu8in^», a «aw 
»Li g^l^t•mill, at Pome suitable place on the 
oj:!"t of Fairlee Pond; the amount of the 
a: n -aid tax to be equal to wh«-at at fix 
^!..ll.ngs i>er bufhcl.** 

T:.e liiiiit to the time for building the afore- 
f.t.i luilU was afterwards extended 2yeart; 
lui ihty were subsequently built by Gen. 
Murev, on the same site where the Messrs. 
Al'i-^ itii have recenily creeled exj>en5ive mills, 
a:, i liie bounty was paid. At Uie same ro^^ct- 
ir;^. ilove mentioned, Capt. Ichabod Ornisbee, 
C.t\ I. J^Ainuel Smith, Mr. William Marston, jr. 
(j.'.inlfaiher of I>eacin Peter Marston, now 
l\\:.i in Fairlee.) and John Woodworlli were 
a; "lutci a committee to lay out and build 
r a In. 

A! an .vJjournf-d meeting, held, March 14, 
1T^'>. a lax of one jH'nny per acre was raij««.'*l 
' ; : liif j-urj'OSf of creeling a hou>»e of Public 
M\ >!iii» in said Fairlee, as the Cc-nier 
i- :::ay be, on tiie Piiver Road ; the tax to l»e 
c ^ :;»! lo wheat at six slhllingik per bu5hel."t 

T'A- hou<e was not erected until about the 

Tar 1^00: and, in ISoO, was remodelled, — 

r .iking a commodious town-hall of th^ lower 

t\'-ry, and a church of the upper. 

"V.ii.d, Israel Morey, Esq., Capt. Ichabod 
<'' and ^'amuel I'lielps. E«j., be a com- 
- t: ••' 10 provide the necessary materiali, 
tr- 'v aiiil complete said House." 

At a meeting held at the houj^e of Israel 

i' >v. E-q.. in Orford, July 8. 17S2. Hon. 

•^•-iriiel Niles, moderator, a tax of a half 

r :iy ju-r acre was voted as a bounty to any 

] • r a who hliould erect a saw-mill on Middle 

^ ' k. in what is now West Fairlee, on or 

^- rf the first day of October, 17^3 ; ah»o, ihe 

•1 ^ furn to any j»ersoa who should, in like 

• i"'.' r, erect a grist-mill, and finish the same 

' •• tusiicss by the firht day of October, 1 7^4. 

A't-x^-iaill wafi subsequently built by Hon. 

•j^- uLitl Nilet; but tie writer is not aware 

^'-■'' a gristmill was ever bnilt on Middle 

^' '^ ; or that Judge Nilei waa ever paid 

*-t Uunty voted, for building the saw-mill. 

•Xo tnt^ntinn In any wb«r« made, wbrti or hy whut 
I ;'; !».- Kifer tUmd WM iHilIt; b«t w. flod sycb • 
f-^i f-»-|qentlj ffwrtd to. 

, l.^t"" *•• *•"• J'"'* "»««•/ «» drcnUtloa. at tluit 
J, '*•*;"*'' •** «»utr»cls wwro dm-mmu-Uj made pmy- 
^ >•« bii«t, ur suOM ollirr prodttctlvB or tb« fikrat. 

AlthoQgb the town charter name* tlio tV . 
drfinitf amount of ahoni 24,000 acre* of land, 
container! in th« original towD>>hipof Fairlee; 
yet much more than this it contained within 
the town limits, at may be aotu by the fol- 
lowing statement ' There are 10 ranges of 
1(0 acre lots in the town, with 21 lots in n 
range^equal to 21,0^0 acres; the remaining 
[»ortion of the territory, lying adjact-nt to 
Conneoticut River, is 1 mile wid«, at the 
f^outh end, and 2 miles at the north end. and 
about r»J to 7 miK»*, following the coun»e of 
tliH river, from north to south. Consequently, 
this triangular piece of our territory mu>t 
contain raor« thjin O.lXK) acre;*, — making, in 
all, over 27,(»00 acren of land ; and, as the 
division is made, running the town line l>e* 
tween the s«*venth and ei^^fith ranse* of 100- 
acre lots, would give, to West Fairlee, 14,700 
acres, and to Fairlee, 12.JHX) acres. 

C<»ncerning the date of the first s<-ltlement 
of the town, Mr. Thompson, in his Oazi-tioer, 
<Iat4tf the first settb>ment in 17(>8: when he 
finds HX men commencing i-ettlcment. But 
Esq. Mann (the first settler of Orford) in his 
life time»u«ed to s.iy John P.aldwiu* was his 
first neigh l>or west of him, and wa** sure Bald- 
win came to Fairlee the next year after he 
came to Orford. As they Wh came from 
Hebron, Ct., Mann could not be mistaken. 
The arrival of a new nei;;hbor was no trivial 
affair in those days and he tells the identical 
sjKjt where Baldwin located, which was about 
half a mile south of where the meeting-house 
now stands, being nearly on the sf»ot where 
Cieorge A. Morey Esq., and his son-in law, 
William U. Kibbey, now reside. Tliat being * 
the case, it would date the first eettlement in 
17<>r». instead of 170$, which probably is the 
true date. 

Be that as it may, whoever the settlers 
were, they were necessarily mere squatters 
on the soil, as the town was not surveyed 
and allotted till 1774 ; but if squatters, their 
ideas of "Squatter Sovereignty** was widely 
different from that promulgated in modem 

The division of the town into two separate 
townshi|-»s was necessary for several reasons: 
First, from its extent of territory, containing 
more than 27,000 acres of land ; but morepar^ 
ticnlarly from a natural division, consisting 
of an almost impassable range of billi, gr 

*8«« ftirtbcr aotlot «f JoIib Baldwin B«ar tlie d«isa 

i.i > 





' s 



' '. • 



1 •• 




}' ' 


• .■-«' 

1^ r' 


^•- • 




*• . 

i ,• 


t " 


* ! * 






1 •. . 

t ^ 




3 ' 

k - 


• I 

• I 

1 t ^ 

■ a-- 
' • i 

• 4 ' 



i i- 

more properly called mountains, extending 
from neAfthe noutbcrn extremity of the town 
to liB northernmost limits, leaving a pass near 
Ihe south line of tlie town, wlif-re a highway 
was early laid for public travel.' 

One other reason handed down by trad i 
tion and perhap# not very reliable, is this : 
Gen. Israel More^'and Hon. Kathanicl Nilcs. 
both pioneer settlors, leading and iiilluential 
' men in the town, and large land-holders, the 
former residing in the ea>iterly, the latter in 
the westerly ]K>rtion of the town, the social 
po.«ition and wealth of each cauM^d a sort of 
rivalry to exist between them, which subse- 
quently grew into bitter animosity and cruel 
hatred. Neither was willing to relinquish 
one jot or tittle of his cheri>hed pofi.<^;s8ion8, or 
aristocratic induence, and in order to preserve 
the undiisputed sway of each, free from the in- 
fluence or secret machinations of the other, a 
divi.«ion of the town was retorted to as a rem- 
edy. Each had hit followers, or partisans, 
and many a joke wa^ perjKjtrated by the fol- 
lowers of the one, at the expense of the other. 
Their peculiar charactoribtics at length be- 
came so prominent, that some wicked wag 
compared them to a couple of rival Indian 
Chiefs, who formerly lived in this locality, 
named Uoccomocco and Cachan, whose char- 
acter and conduct was in many respects 
thought to be a counterpart of that manifested 
by Morey and Nile*,* and con.<cquence, 
inherited, one the former cognomen, and tlie 
other the latter. 

The natural feature of the soil is rather 
rough and forbiddingf in appearance, yet it 
contains a good share of land suitable for til- 
lage, producing remunerating cro|« of the 
various farm products, corn, oats and grass 
being the staple crops; yet a l.irge share of 
the wheat and rye consumed in town is raised 
within its limitia. It is easily cultivated, par- 
ticularly on the plains and intervals adjacent 
to the river. The river farms are not adapted 
to dairying, ax pasturage of sufficient quality 
and extent is not conveniently handy, and 

*One of llor<->*c ftdhrrtntii QMd to My, if a iiuid 
•hnttl4 !«•• OYfT Mkltlle Brvok rond— «t the lu>*d of 
vrlticli Jutlgp Nilt<« Uvml— «u«l «kiik« tb« lulwMtaiits 
fhwu tbrlr »lnmt«Tik, at thr Amd lM>Qr ol night, Mking 
tiM qOMtion, ** Who Biaa« them V* th« iBvariatl* aa- 
S»«r would Im, ** Jod(o KIIm.** 

t Biivpt the river fkrois— tome ovor 90 is aumber— 
tatirrly fk^e tt\>m utooes, productof ftliaiid*Dt crops of 
liraM, corn aad oois, witb soaie vbwt, rye aad potatoes. 

most farmers turn their attention to shf^p. 
husbandry, pasturing them on the dii>unt 
hills. The sheep kept in town are mostly of 
the fine-wooled, American Merino bn-fds. 
Two mountains rise very abruptly to a ht-i^la 
of several hundred feet from tlie bed of ilie 
river, the northern one called Sawyer's Moun- 
tain, standing so near the river as bart-ly to 
give room for the public highway and rail- 
road. The southern, called Mount Mnri.^h 
or Morey't MounUin, standing near Ori'nrd 
Bridge, occupies a more retired and ft 
position or distance from the river, but both 
present a bold front to the eye of the j>.i><i!ig 
traveler ; and from their tops a splendid j an- 
orama of the Connecticut River Valley i* 
presented to the admiring beholder. Neither 
of these mountains occupies a great exuni 
of territory, probably not much ovtr 1«0 
acres, but peem to have been thrown u]> ly 
some violent convulsion in Nature's gr«Mt 
laboratory, where they stand as enJun:.; 
monuments of the supreme power of (-anl/i 
great Architect 

Just back of the southern, or Moi,v'« 
^fountain, is spread out a beautiful ^\u t-i <i 
water about two and a h.-ilf miles in h-uA 
by a half to three-fourths of a mile in iireait .. 
It approaches the very base of the mount.i a. 
and the writer has ofien conjectured, du.*^!:.; 
the 30 years of his^life, sjK-nt on a farm in :..e 
immediate vicinity of thie landscape of nu>:.D- 
tain, j»ond and river, that by the same \V< t\ 
of Tower or movement of the Builder's li*!.:, 
the mountain was raised and the valKv to 
form the pond scooped out. 

Westward from tliis pond and rising gmi 
nally from its surface, stretches the Ion;: r.A 
impatisable range of hills before alludtd i . 
leaving a strip of plain and interval on ::? 
river fiom half a mile to a mile or inor^ :s 
width, extending the entire length of t^ 
town, except where broken by the W,^:^ 
named mountains. The pond is well >'-[" 
plied with fish of 'various kind?, a£fording tJ 
those of piscatory proclivities an abuniin * 
of pleasure in thU pursuit. A i^orii-ii': 
what is called Fairlee Lake is located y^'-: 
in Fairlee, partly in West Fairlee, and jartj 
in Tlietford, and discharges its wat^^r^ i^''^ 
Ompompanoosuc river and from tltenc^' II:} 
the Connecticut The waters of Fairlte W -i 
after flowing one to two miles, projx-H.-? 
considerable machinery, discharge dir>v:.5 
into Connecticut river. Two tlatequarn*^. 



/ • 



and oue or two beds of pe*i ar« IocaU*! in 
town, but neitber bavt been worked unffi- 
c;( ntly to lest tbeir prodoctireneM, or capa- of prodacing a pftjing artiela. 

ll^ctown it almost eiclnsirelyagricQltorml 
in its rcfoarcM. baving but a liuit«d amount 
of wuter-ftower, a^ide from tbat famUbed bj 
il.e water ditcbarged from Fairlet Pond. 
\^].irh \* utilized at all available points, fir»t 
I V tliC J^awmill of J. Pierce, Esq., witb wbicb 
is connected a 'manufactory of •|>okes and 
Lr]vc9 from a superior article of wbite oak 
tiu.Wr found in tbis town and vicinitj ; next 
coiae tbe mills recently erected by tbe MeMn. 
Aibotu, ccDM5ting of a gri»t mill containing 
4 run of ntone, and a saw-mill in wtiicb is a 
Ur^e circular board-saw propelled by an im- 
j-r 'V<J \vater-whd<:l, and capable of manufac- 
turing uiany thousand feet of lumber daily, 
for which a ready and profiuble market is 
fo-nd. Connected with tbe saw-ruill it a 
p! mingmachine,stave-macbine, jointing-saw, 
rl.ib raw. and raw for cutting laths. 

Ti.etarly pettlersof thi% as in other new 
t.-wDs, endured many privations and bard- 
*\.\\>9, the present generation know little or 
L:ti;ing of by actual experience; such as go- 
iiz five or six miles to a day*t work, and 
cjrrying the avails home in grain on the 
hl'iror'* back, through a dense forest infented 
It li'ar? and wolves; and on arriving homo, 
f r '.vanl of mill^ corai^elled to use tbe plump- 
i:ii: Liarhine, a huge mortar, made from a big 
>g f me two and a half feet long, standing 
<M (ne t-nd, the other or upper end sco<»i)ed 
( -: to form the recej^tacle for the grain, and 
:l!o wliicb it was put, and by tbe application 
f f s big pc>tle in sturdy band?, tbe maVLrial 
* r *good Indian bannock was soon prepared 
f>r the hungry houi-ewife and children. 

The first grain grown in this locality and 
r UQ'l in a mill was carried for that purpose 
to Charh-ctown. X. H.. some 60 milirf«— the 
tureft mill, and for want of roads, was con- 
^'yi on ox-ftleds upon the ice of tbe river in 
^ -»:^r. and in log-canoos in the Summer. 

The- names of tho^ who thus early in life 
^^•'> comfortable homes in some of tbe older 
^'^>\ Willing to endnro hunger, privation 
»ai hardship, to secure for themselves and 
ii:aj!i« a home in a wildemesa, deserva hon- 
WihU mention in tbis connexion. 


^•a in Hebron. Ct. May 27, 1735; moved to 
Word. N. H., in October, 1765; and in 1782. 

moved from Orford to Fairlee, aad boili % 
taw and griat-milL Gen. Morey held Tariooi 
offices of tmtt and responsibility. May S, 
1775, he waa elected, by tbe inbabitanta ol 
Orford, at a deputy to a convention to meei 
at £xet«r, N. U., and waa instmcied to adopt 
sncb measures aa may ba judged moat expo> 
dieni to rettore ikt righU of tbia and other 
coloniea. Ua was again elected Nov. 23d of 
tbe same year, by the inbabitanta of Orford, 
Piermont, Lyme, Dorchester and Wentworth, 
N. H., to attend a similar convention beld 
at the same place on tba 21tt of December; 
showing that tbe fire of patriotism was being 
kindled in the breai«ts of tbe people, cantad 
by British oppression. 

He early obtained a cbarter for a ferrj 
across the Connecticut river at this placa, 
which wal tbe only mode of commonicatioo 
between Fairlee and Orford nntil 1802, wbea 
the first bridge waa built connecting the two 
towns, and opened for travel on tba 4tb of 
October, that year. 

He held the office of a^^*istant judge of the 
county court from 17S6tol790 inclusive, and 
was elected a member of the Ifgi^lature of tbe 
State in 17^6. again in *8S to'90, and from*93 
to *97. He had a family of 6 sons and 9 


the oldest son of Gen. Morey, held a Major'f 
commission, and was for a short time in the 
United States service. George A. Morey, 
Epq., a son of Major Israel Morey, b now 
(March. 18C9), a rcsid*»nt of the town^a vab 
uod citizen, and useful member of society. 


the second son of Gen. Morey, it, no doubt, 
the person to whom should be accorded tbe 
honor of fir^t applying steam-^wwer to Davi« 
gation. aa may be seen by the following. To 
a work entitled ** Eminent Mechanica," pnb* 
lished by one Henry Howe, may be found 
stated, that in 1793, the public were first ap- 
prised of an idea in the mind of Fulton, of 
pro|>elling water-craft by st^am-power, and 
no information is given how, or to what ex- 
tent he had matured his plans and inventions 
for steam navigation, until be and Chancellor 
William Livingston met in Paris, (France,) 
in 1801. 

But from plans and drawings then and 
there made, it was evident he had conceived 
the idea of navigation by steam -jtower, ap- 
plied to paddle-wheels. Tbe same avtbor 






• t 

• I 



1- T : 


- v» 

; >. ■ 

4 * ' 






goes on to say, that his time or limits will 
not permit him to examine minutely the pre- 
tendons of tho«e who claim to have preceded 
Fulton in the application of steam-power to 

Had he enlarged hit limits and extended 
bis investigations as he might, he would have 
found that Capt. Samuel Morey, as early a^ 
1791 or *92, applied steam p^wer to a small 
boat on Connecticut river at this place, and 
afterwards on FairleePond; which worki^d 
with admirable succeM, considering the infan- 
cy and consequent im]>erfection of the invc-o- 
tion, or application of steam-power to the 
purposes of navigation. lie afterwards ex- 
hibited his model in New-York, in presence 
of Fulton and Livingston, and after coming 
borne, and while perfecting his invention, 
preparatory to obtaining a patent, Fulton, 
aided by Livingston, obtained a patent fur 

In J roof of the foregoing assertions, I will 
insert in this place, |>ortions of an article 
written by Rev. Cyrus Mann (a native oi 
Orford), and published in the " Bo«ton Rcr- 
corder," in IJJdS : 



The pri:;inal inv«ntit>n of the Boat, i;* 
commonly awarded to Robert Fulton : but u 
is believed that it belon>;s to a lar more ob 
scure individual. So far as is known, tlit- 
first Sleam-Roat ever heon on the w.ii«rs <»1 
America, was iuventt^ by Capt. Samuel M<> 
rey, then, and at the time of his death, a res- 
ident of Fairleo, Vt. Tiio a.*loui^hlng siiiht 
of a man a.^^ceudn.g Coniieciicui river briwt tu 
Fairlee and OrforJ, in a litile hvni just larg«- 
enough to contain him5e!f and the iu<le ma 
diincrv connected with the steam-boiler, and 
a h.indful of wood for a fire, wa^ witneK-ed 
by the writer in his boyhocKl, and by others 
who yet survive. 

Thts was as early as lTt>3, or earlier, and 
before Fulton's name had been mentioned in 
oouneciiun with Steam Navigation. 

Morey had his mind set upon the Steam 
boat, and had actually broujjlii it into ojn-ra- 
tion, although in a rude and iin}KTf(N't stat*-. 
He had corresponded with Troli-fisor Silliman, 
of New Haven, and been encouraged by that 
distinguihlied ]>atron of the aiL< aud Miiiir«*s; 
many uf the writings of this correspondence 
are i^till extanu 

While Morey was exhibiting his invention 
to Fulton aud Liviug>ton, in New York. tli«y 
manifested creat pleasure in its o|K'ration ; 
and were so nimbly jdfased with its perform 
ance as to make Morey an offer of *'<)ne 
Hundred Thousand Dollars *' for it, besi ]e> 
treating him apparently with great res]H*ci 
and cuusideration, when Morej taking a 

friendly leave, returned home to perfect scj 
complete his model. Fulton even vipit^-J 
Morey, at a later period, at Morey*s resi^irnrt 
in Fairlee. to examine the progress made bj 
Morey and the final prospect of sbccess. 

After having comjueted his model by the 
assistance of his brother. Major Israel Mr»rfr, 
who pos>essed a mechanical genius, he acnia 
went to New York — but to his great surpr;»« 
and chagrin, wals treated with the ut::.<»>: 
coldness and neglect, and no further ini.r- 
course with him was desired; as Fulton 1.^1 
acQuired the secret of Morey *s invention— .t.I 
in bis absence had con.siructed a boat »(*> < r ]. 
ing to Morey 's mo<]ol ; and in 1>02 or '0 
Fulton came forward with an cxpeniti*-:.' tl 
bont, for which he obtained letters |atr.!, 
thus robbine the real inventor of the ^u-.x-z- 
Boat, of the bonor aud pro8i>eciive pecuuury 


the third son of Cien. Morey, was educa-. i 
at Dartmouth College; subsequently htui;. i 
law, which he afterwards practiced wiT:. t 
good dcgn-e of .•'Ucocs#, and in after year> !.• ! J 
the ofiice of ashistant judge of the ct'i;:;'v 
court, for 3 vi-.ars iu succt*>J>ion, and u.':-r 
wards was eK-civd to the ofiice of nfy'". ^t 
justice of the bupreme court, holding f ,» 
ofiice 3 years also, and repre.-entcd hi? i< \:k 
in the Stale b-^iislature in the years 1^.4, '.*. 
He w.'vs the father of several cliildrc n, ' /. 
one of whom, Samuel T. Mo-ey, E^q., i- l t 
living. He prepared hiraj^elf for the jr-: - 
sion of law, but practic<*d it but a short i/. 
having a natural mechanical genius, hi.< i....i 
in«»tinciivelv turned in that direction, t<' : c 
gradual and fin.illy total neglect of li^. 
He ha< spent mo>i of his life in thi-* t*.-'::. 
enjoying the confidence and ei'teem of lu* i^.- 
low townsmen. 


W.1S born in A^hford, Ct., in ITli^; tmi-r.»*i 
to Acworth, N. H., m 1T(.>*n. and soon a: -• 
movt-d to Fairlee. and marrietl a Mi<s <.ir.i .., 
from Lvme, N. H. He was coinmif^^i-^nvi i« 
Captain of the fir^t organized militia ci :.; j* 
ny in town. His commission iv^u^I .; 
(Iovern(»r Thomas Chittenden, and l»«ar* J • * 
Juije 2.5. 177S. Governor Chittenden, .t* • • 
Verinonters knr<w. was the first Goverr. : • 
the Slate and, by the aid of kindred ^;•" % 
directed its d«>tiny through perilous yii** • 
aiiarchv and confusion, which made it l* *' 
sary to organize a military force in l!»«' ^- 
ous towns in the State ; and Capt. iiniiti* ••»•' 
ciuisidered the man j»os'se.-sing the n«t'~ ■'*' 
qualifications for leading the brave U'}' '■ 
the 'town, eitlier against the encroachoi^i^'* '' 


« • . . 

, t 


<i«h^r basis, vm parch ir><i hj BcftJABm 

o tL« Ura. Em). CV11«-t m liTisg o« ma »4- 
'^.D.a;; Carv. aiwi w on« of xht Ijxpe^t, if aoi 
'Vr l^r^'st Uc4 ova<^ in lova. lis vboW 
Tract cvaia.nmj; f«rerml ha»lred scrcii, W- 
«>i«s fcznt <lct^b«^ {>crtiocft. 

T&i bom ia H^roptoa, 2(. H^ ta IT'^o; 

ix^'^ve^ to Fa:r!*-« la ITSf, atn) located oa 
«uat if C4*.l*->i M»: !e Me^'low, from iIm fact 
of tLe on^.aal cruvth of timber briag aiaple. 

,' -.1 of oor N'-w Ha:: ft Lire »^.2*iUrf» ct 
. #-i^t or w,lb l'.* lU.^K S^al in b*i»4. to 
c *-'.•*■ i'« »n'l*'i"a* Y*'-rk*n oa tit* w»-»t. 
7 .:* D->« I'jf^-^iu* •u:£:.«'ni rlo-j:*^tic« If- 
1 • ^' : to »»**-ri o<ir n^i»u Urfore a t^-nti- 
- 'ji. OozT*^**. y«t b« wi* ♦VCT rraJj to 
r I.-** a li.«-ta br U r.*- of arm* if D«^**arT. 
:•« Tj* oir fir-l town cJ^rk, b^ing t'.ecuJ 
f : : ^ ti:«: ijrae in 171*1. boMm;; iLe o:!lc* 
4' '.' *r* :n *a'X«-**h'n . L*-id^ •a cv^lt4 bj 
:. -.0 ''.r-int Si.nih. E*^ . in il»« mii* oSc*. 
«\ : .*;:.iih fi j rt-*rr.-.*^l hf U>wn in ibe I>-g- 
i i.-rr ♦; V. jr», »D«i b^ld lb* Tanuuj office* ^ cuntra.*t wiib olber riTer-meaJovs ia 

1 ' • 


.1 : *«^n at 'i*il' r«-ot tiuea. 

Cirr. ICUAFK>b o&M.«BCE 

«,* arr.<-D:i iLe «^rli»-»l *^til*fni. anJ con- 
:- ■ A* i •liar*; 10 ihe ar'J;jOU« U^*or« ina- 
•: l: to a u*-w p^wI* m»-nt. The wrii»-r i* not 
. X- to l.i* t^'.ivnr, but belifvr* it wa* 
-*!'>• k. Tonn. Manv of hi* Jt-M-en^Jat^u* 
- jt^r»'l abro.i'l in thi* ari'l olher 6'.jklt^. 
. r^'-.rt«*'i of Kim iLat ^r-on ali*-r hi* arri- 
, t'wn. an al.irin min ci^en of th#- a]»- 

1 .1 *f{ \U'\.AU* ; ()rUJ*b*rtr wa% inaiklh,; hi« 

■ *.\i::, Tnj't. r^.ij.ih. wlio was v.^n nlrt^ni 
. :i ir.!*, ziA hj- wi:f (Mr*, ."^init^) the on- 
..i'«- in li.e iinm^-liJl* viciuiiv, waj» 
I i- ;i',injM«J fur ht-r fa>ty. anJ to ijaif-i 
'.a'*, a't 1 J'lar»- h-'T <'Ut of the r»-ai.-b of 

• _•-. Ori;,-b<t; j.1jc»-1 h-r in Siiithi cart. 

t » rj*-i fnth^fr** ^a Mr. Orarjtj in Lvni**. 
il . "('Jitr 8 mtler *outh. 


'. br'»;rirr«' in a fainilr of 16 chiHren, 

• :i< aiil /» dawghl*r*. eiiii^ralcJ from 
". <^l., in the y^-ar IT'''^, ai:d located on 

• f i',^ r>*»-i farin^ an l<»wn. In 1*^13. Al- 

- I. l»-aviiig a wid«»\v and »*everal chil- 

1 «alvin ?ev«p]y rtsBntf**! and dt.jf-ctt-d 

• " l')-ft of a twin brother, «»ld the farm 
'.../. MyMarJ, E'*'].. and mov».*d to Ohio. 

• \r w:l-.w reserving a *inall hum<-t«a'l 
' ill' ir;:* farm, on wliich i-he has 
a:. J i^ now ( Feb. lb7U ) rc-iding. at the 

;.l'''m 1*1 yearn. A *on and dauubter, 

■'•'• S. and Jfarric't, her only children, 

■'.^w folding with their aged nioth<-r 

■*-ir rnu^ and comfortable horoeotead. 

{ >i 'H.ird i«ub%c<juently nold the farm to 

^ Ililand, K'^., and he in tnrn to a 

■ P. who hft it to hii children, — ^they 


1 -"• I u 

I <• 

'2 and celling a portion of the farm, 
^^•<'. after \ttui\ng through a number of 

town. m<i»ily covered with pine;. Tbe tana 
was afiervafU ownnl by bis ton, and later 
by a grand -^oo — iHracim Peter Marston— 
wlio t* the only dt^cen*l*nt, Dov a re^id'-ni 
of lite town. Tai» farm.cuotaining bat liltla 
more than a bundie<l acria*. and aitijont 
Wfi^irJ, tirnWr or pa^tare, and buildin.;^ of 
•>irall value. wa» r«-ct'UiIy *old to PhiUndtf 
Siajlc* from W«ttrr.Mieland, X. H., for tba 
^nuc *um of JlO.Mm^—|iii».h bring the high 
«-?t«-^w of '* Maj.Ic Meadow" that it ha» ao- 
'juip-d lije api^'ilati »n of •* Crcam-roU** 


lK)rn in Wood-io»jk, Cu, in 17«>3, with hit 
w:ft» (Ireno IVmn) mored to Fairlee in Feb- 
ruary, 17^4. CapL Bt-njamin Siralton, of 
Itoxhury, Ma*% as al*o Calvin Mor?e (a 
hr»»thiT of Ilev. Jclediah Morse, 6rst Amer- 
i«-an g*^'>:ra]'her). with their families ^^. 
pru\ iMon*. were conveyed on an ox-fltid, and 
on their arrival in the bt»rder of tbe town 
oa the river- roa»l, traveled up the ri7er 
ahriut a mile, then tufning short to the lefi 
Went al>out 2 inih-^ into an anin)iabit«d and 
unbroken wiM<rno«*. Here in this folitarj 
wild, Mr. Cohum and Mr. Stratton, mada 
their pitch, taking up 300 acres of land — 150 
a)>ieoe. After erecting a temj»orary shelter, 
thoy comm'^nced their united labor in clear- 
ing a piece of land, preparatory to raising 
their first crop of wheat, and al*o in erecting 
a framed rebidence for their joint occupancy, 
fiir the time b<>ing ; which structure was occn- 
p^'id by Mr. Coburn during his life, and by 
hit pon Calvin,* until lbG7, when he removed 
it to give place for a more beautiful and com- 
roodious structure for their future residency 
— may they long live to enjoy it. — Charlei, 
the oldeist ton of Samuel Coburn, haying 


« 1 

t • 


; ' i ( ; 
J hi 



' ;' 

• ' I ^ 

/ I . 4 • 


• t 

, I 

Mioe yean before erected a tobsUntial struc- 
ture for hif future abode. Thtee two sous, 
now living on what was their father's homo- 
stead, and having much enlarged the borders 
of the same by the addition of numeroo? 
acres, are quietly enjoying the fruits of their 
own and their parents* labors, these two be- 
ing all that remain of a family of 8 children. 

Charles, now ( Feb. 1870 ) in his Soth 
year, voted at freemen*s-meeting for the Brst 
time in 180G, it being the first of those meet- 
ings held after he became of age, and has 
Toted at all freemen*s-roeetings held in town 
to the present time ; and has also voted at 
every presidential election, commencing with 
thpt of Madison in 1809, down to Granfs in 
1868. He volunteered at the time of the 
British invasion of Plattsburg and Lake 

Charles has no children ; Calvin has 2 sons 
and 3 daughters, the youngest of whom, 
recently married, is with her hu8band,(a Mr. 
Gafficld.) living with her parents. Calvin 
Morse, before alluded to, proceeded still far- 
ther westward into what is now West Fairlee. 
Two brothers of Samuel Cobum — John and 
Lemuel — sub^quently settled in town, and 
raised numerous children* 


as stated in the biography of Samuel Co- 
burn, emigrated from Roxbury, Mass., in 
February, 1784. His wife (Sarah Fillebrown 
of Boston) was designing to accompany her 
husband, but circumstances preventing, he 
WS9 compelled to leave her behind, while he 
and Mr. Cobum, by their united efforts, 
cleared several acres of land, sowing the 
same with wheat 

The year following, he returned to Rox- 
bury and Boston, and conveyed his wife to 
the wilds of Vermont; What a contrast 
must have existed in her mind by such a 
change. In the absence of Mr. Stratton 
while gone for his wife, Mr. Coburn har- 
vested and stored the wheat produced by 
their mutual efforts, which served to sustain 
them in putting forth further efforts for life 
and happiness. Esq. Stratton*s family was 
nnmerons, consisting of two sons and five 
daughters ; he and his wife both living to a 
good old age, and dying on the same farm on 
which they first located, after having acquir- 
ed a handsome ooropeti^ncy for themselves 
and children. John, the oldest son, died in 

Thomas Stratton, £sq.« in possession of the 
old homestead at the decease of his parents; 
but in consequence of a serious and permi- 
nent lameness, which partially incapacitates 
him for farm labors, he sold his homest* a4 ; 
purchasing a few acres of lanl, on which 
were neat and comfortable buildings, situs- 
ted nearer meeting, mills, post-office sni 
other local conveniences ; the change a]par- 
ently adding much to both comfort ani con- 
venience of himself and family. He uas 
among the volunteers in the war of 1S12, 
with England. The oldest son of E«q.Jho«. 
Stratton, and grandson of Capt Benjamin 
Stratton, is now a resident of this town, the 
owner of a good farm, bordering on CornKt- 
icut river, which he cultivates with proni 
and apparent satisfaction, and takes an 
earnest and active part in all public allAin 
both of church and state. 


was born in North Woodstock, Ct Dec. i^*^. 
1777. In ISOOhe emigrated to and p^ttlni jo 
that portion of the town now called ^\^•^t 
Fairlee where he resided until 1.S36, when U, 
in connection with his son (the writer), j ur 
chased a farm in this town, bor'iering on ti:e 
river, where he continued to reside until l::§ 
death which occured Dec. lOih 1S63. lone 
then almost 85 years of age. His wife L* :rj» 
( Morris ) died a few yesrs previous, at t.^ 
age of 79 years. Out of a family of fvra 
children but three are living, two danjl:-:* 
and one eon. The oldest daughter, tb^ ^:> 
of Hon. A. H. Gilmore, of this town ; :v? 
second daughter was married to Rev. la:: 
Blodgett, of Randolph, who' died nu'lor':? 
several years ago, and Mrs. Blodgt-tt i.« s * 
residing with a relative in Providence, K. *. 


moved into town, at an early peri<.Hl. '•*. 
as none of his descendants are nnw livir.: : 
town, to whom I can apply for data, or oi : 
information in relation to the fanjily, I ir •'• 
content myself by recording the fact o: . « 
raising a family of eleven .«ons anJ t" 
daughters, all of whom lived to have far ^ 
of their own. His wife was, accordini; tv ' ' 
writer's best recollection, one of tlie r«" 
women, who could make the best of the v, * 
situdes of life, always looking on Uie ^^^ 
the cloud which wears a silver lininc. a:^ i ^' 
a natural result apparently young iQ '■' 
old sge. One or more of their sons ws^ 

•arly manhood ; leaving an only brother, \ bared among iha volunteer? in the I d'''- 

♦ - ', 




Jiwt^ ferric*, id the wtr of 1812 ; Mverat 
i.'.hf n -Xroi^ this towji «1»o colUted, Aod 
ar.!ongtb«m I would p»roe Sam'l Hewf,8am*l 
r -Jge, and perhapt others who«e name* I 
^-annol reeo)l«ct. 


Ik m in Londonderry. X. H., in Jano»ry, 
i:.H»; tnarried Jennie Houston in Nov. 1791; 
con.raenced buJ'ine^s in Acworlh. N. H., about 
i:^^; and. in IS 15, move^ to this town, pur- 
c!.i't*^l a farm of 200 acres, for which he paid 
jl v,X>,— with very fair buildings thereon j 
t\i^c this his place of residence until his 
diAth, in 1S38. >^ 

Tin* farm, with some addition, is located 
Ir'.wienConnt-cliout River and Fairlee Pond, 
y.A \9 now worth more thousands than Esq. paid hundreds. It is owned and 
^•:uj'i<^ by his fon, Hon. A. H. Gilmore, who 
i« the only child now living, of a family of 8 
fl.llrcn. The farm was purchft5ed of Major 
V^aiiab Bis.*ell, one of the early settlors, — 

I "t who soon left town. While a re.«idc'nt of 
:".? town. E^q. Gilmore was an active indus- 
tr.ouf man, — shrewdly and wisely managing 
L« v:<»m»tic affairs, and taking a leading; part 
in ill public matters of the town. He in- 
cased the little store of wealth he po5'es>td 
a: the commencement of his career on this 
^^JJ. to a handj'ome sura ; which has served 
^.' a f'undation on which hi* son has~reare«i 
»5ij.T»tructure of wealth — far in excess of 
a: 7 (iler man in town. A?ide from his ac- 
qu'/i-a of w .ilth, he ha« taken a lively and 

* ::v^ intcrc^ in all town affairs ; enjoying 
■ e confidence and e«teera, not only of his 

* TL'H'^n, but also of the entire community ; 

* 'virg biK'D elected .«everal times to represent 
t'.\*n in the State legislature, and by the 

-:a*^a of the County as Assistant Judge of 
t * r^unty Court ; and Probate Judge of 
Jriif.rd Probata District, fox 6 yean in 


;. • ::i ia Sufiield. Ct., ia 1779 ; came to Fairlee 

•' •*'^'l ; and married Bet<ey Morey in 1^05. 

. > - xw t daughter of a half brother of Gen. 

. -"a-l Morey. Capt. Granger waa the first 

I I •t-i::wter in town, — receiving hit appoint- 
' - -i July 27, 1508. He and Harvey Blake, 
} ^i riagfitlJ, Mass., were in company, in the 
; -^ 'f r trade, for some years. Pine lumber 
.^*alTi!idant in most portions of the town, 
1 ' ;*^ *^^^y ^*y» ^^^ fumi.«hed the principal 
i'^-'« for barter; ia exchange for varioua 


articlea of merchandixe, nece saa ry for ih« in* 
babiunta. Qnery: If King George*a edict 
bad been atrictly adhered to, to the present 
time, in reference to ** cutting or felling any 
whita or other pine treea, auitabU for Our 
lioytd Aary,*' would not th« wealth of tlM 
town have been much greater than it now ia? 
Soon after coming into town, Capt. Granger 
purcha^ the farm on whfch the writtf now 
resides, situated about a mile north of where 
Orford bridge now stands ; but subsequently 
sold or exchanged it for real estate, near tht 
bridge, on which be erected buildings for a 
store and tavern, and prosecuted, for aome 
years, the btisinesa of both merchant and 
inn-keeper. He waa succeeded in the bnsineaa 
of inn-keeper by Capt Solomon Mann, and 
in the mercantile, by Geo. 8. Mann, a son of 
Solomon Mann. Capt. Granger waa an in- 
telligent, industrious raan and a great reader, 
which, aided by a retentive memory, kept 
him thoroughly j^osted in political as well as 
otlier matters ; but, having the misfortune to 
lose bis eye-sight, many years before his 
death, he was compelled to abandon reading, 
with thousands of other pleasures humanity 
enjo^'s through the blessing of sight. Hia 
aged widow, now (Feb. 1^70) in her 93d 
year, siill is living with her only son and 
child, Samuel L. Granger, who has alwaya 
provided liberally for her comfort and 

BC5JAMiy BfiOWjr^ 

a shoe and boot maker by trade, located here 
1H)1. and was employed, by General Morey, 
AS ferry-man, for a while, just previous to 
erecting the first bridge in 1S02. He had the 
misfortune to lose an arm by a falling tree. 
Of his 11 children but one remains in towa« 
Gvorge W. Brown, who has bef^n employed 
by the Connecticut and Passumpsic Kiven 
Railroad Company, as station agent, at this 
place, ever since the opening of the road— 
now 22 years. 

He waa appointed post- master und«r Pres- 
ident Jackson, — holding the ofBce from OcL 
11. 1830, to Sept. 27, 1831 ; and again, ap- 
pointed. Sef't 9, 1845, holding the office until 
July 14, IWL 


was bom in Longmeadow, Ct., and, with his 
wife and two sons, Solomon md Samuel, emi- 
grated to this town in the Winter of 1786 or 
'87, and located himself at the head of Fairlee 
Pond, where be died, Nov. 22, 1814. His 





y ■ 




r*'ligious principles were rtricilj PuritanicHl, 
which be ioculcated, both public! j and pri* 
VAtely, traDHinitiing the same, in a greatf^r or 
lifi'B dfgree, to his two ftonr, Saronel, jr., and 
Solomon ; the latter of whom, for many yean. 
held the office of deacon in the Congregational 
Church. Some ^rcars after the death of his* 
fattier, Deacon BliM exchanged farm^ with a 
Mr. Hufua OrmflK-e, on the River road, near 
Bradford line, which located him nearer to 
the church in Bradford than that of Fairlee, 
and ever after, during his life, he attended 
the Bradford Church. 

In hi» latter days, his fanning operations 
were conducted by Mr. Ozias King, l!je hus- 
band of the deacon's daughter, Anna, and to 
whom the property was left, at tho decease of 
her father. 

Samuel Bliss, jr., after becoming of age, 
purchased and located himi»elf on a river 
farm, which he sold to the writer in 183i>, 
— removing to Wolcott, Vt., where he soon 
after died. 


born in Hami»}'tead. N. 11.. Oct. 5ih, 1707; 
married Rachel Nettleton of Killingswonh, 
Ct, Jan. 5, 1791. Previons to his marriage 
he had located himi^elf in Newport, N. H. 
In the year 1S13 his wife died, and for a sec 
ond wife, he married Bet«»y Carr, who wa-' 
born in Goflstown, N. H., in 1784. In the 
year 1$10, about the time of his marriage to 
his second wife, he moved to this town, locat- 
ing on a farm on tlie northerly side of what 
was originally known as the governor's right, 
and at one time owned by John Baldwin, the 
first intiabitant of the town. Deacon Heath 
was the occupant of this farm during the re- 
mainder of his days, after which it came into 
the hands of Calvin Coburn, Esq., t-onin-law 
o*. Deacon Heath, and subsequently into the 
possession of Harvey S. Colton. son-in-law of 
Mr. Cobum. Deacon Heath's family con- 
sisted of 10 children, seven by the fir^t, and 
three by the last wife. He died, Sept. 22, 
1841, in his 74th year. His oldet^t son, Wil- 
liam, was educated a clergyman of the Baptist 
persuasion, and, at the time of his death, 
which occurred within the present year, he 
was a resident of Reading, Mass. H is young- 
est son, George W., commenced business as a 
farmer, but that calling not being adapted to 
his taste, he soon abandoned it for mercantile 
pursuits, — ^first on bis own limited capital, — 
then M salesman for tht firm of Anderson, 

Sargent & Co. ; and subsequently l.e l>ecume 
one of the firm, known as that of Anderson, 
Heath & Co., of Boston, and by strict and 
diligent attention to buFinesss has acquired 
the reput.ition of a wealthy man. He recent- 
ly contributed a donation of $100 or $200. in 
books,.to the Sabbath Scliool Library of this, 
his native town. 

zni^iszr.ER COOK 
was born in Plymouth, Mass., Apr., 6. 1745; 
was great grand^on of John Cook, a ]'a?«enger 
in the celebrated Mav flower. Ebentzer's 
father was a seafaring man, and in that pur- 
suit gained a sufficient competency to purchase 
a farm in Norton. Mass., which he afterwards 
lost in consequence of a defe«'tivc title, — ren- 
dering it neces.^ary for El»«'nezer, then but 10 
years of age, to shift for himself. lie, .shoul- 
dering his park, started ,on foot for Keene, 
N. H., where he leariif-d the joiner's trade, 
and, at the ago of 10, married Sarah Nymes, 
of Ke<-ne. He was a s«ddior in the French 
war, and suh.«equently, in obedience to hb 
country's call, was in the Revolutionary 
sirugjle agaln^t Great Britain, and at the 
battle of Bunker Ilili, under Gen. Lracl Put- 
nam, on the 17ih of June. 1775, where he, 
witli^ his biave comrades lu arm.-*, suffered 
almost incredible hard>liip, in cour^equcnce of 
the exireUiO heat and fatigue of the day, — 
rendering hiiu iucomj^KJicnt for active service 
for a short time, during which he was »p- 
]>ointed on what was known, ut lliat time, as 
a committee of >afeiy,— one brancii of w]»o?e 
duly was to look after the Ton«'S, who in- 
fested the country, to the great annoyance 
and detriment of the of freedom. After 
regaining hi!» health, he again took the field, 
and watf at the battle of Beuningion. holding 
a lieutenant's commission. After leaving 
Bennington, he, with others, was sent to a 
fort on the shore of Lake Cham]»lain, and at 
one time was bearer of a tlag of truce to the 
enemy, and. while returning, was fiied upon 
by a party of tories, receiving a slight wound 
on the cheek. 

After acehsation of hostilities with England, 
he returned to Keene. and soon after removed 
to Norwich, Vt. and the next year to this 
town.— -engaging with General Morey as a 
miller, in his new grist-mill, then just com- 
pleted, on what is known as Fairlee Pond 
Brook, — it being the outlet of said pond. — 
How long he followed the occupation of mil- 
ler is uncertain, but be subsequently aban- 



i!ou«*l the bitfiD«i«, in oon»4H)n«*Dc« of in- the town in the iWoeral AtM-mblj of Um 
jMireii health, t]*ending hit retnuiniog yejir* ' State, and held the ofit^ of town clerk 16 
on a fArm with hU «>n. Ebeneier. jr., and hit j yeart. He died foddmljr. Jan. 1, 1*6**,— 
grandson. Col. (^eo W. Cook, with whom he leaving a widow and one M>n, and a ton and 

died at the adranci'd age of more than 88 
yt-an. Ebenfrer Cook, jr., and bii wife. 
Martha (Chafce), died iome years after their 
father, — leaving their estate in po^'e*Mon of 

daughter by a former wife. 

ELI AS t»RI00f 
and hid wife, Abig.iil (Coe), were born in 

, .... .. Middletown. Ct.; the for latrr. July 22,1777, 

t)Kir only ^on.ijcorge \\.,vho.witli hw wife . , ,. . ., ^, ,..- ' ^ ;« 

. ..:. .' .. *., , , j the latu-r, AjTil 21, l<«9; were niarni'd m 

17yH; tnovtd from Conntvticut to Thetford, 

Sarah (lliUnd), are MtiU occupanLt of the old 

was born in Punharton, N. H., in 1772. 

S.irah (B:ipl«-y). hi« wife, wa'* born in Wariu-r, 
N. H. Tljoy e.irly located in Orford, N. 11.. 
in the bu-'in^s of hotel ke«'pin^. In 1S21. 
th«'V inowd Iroin Orford to Fairlee, rehuiuini: 
tlitir former o*<'uj».it:on in the old hot«*l bu:ld 
inj:, previ'»u«5ly and for many year^ CH-ruj itd 
by various individtinl<, in the fa^ne hu^inrs'*. 
Thif old building waj< iiul»<equ»'ntly n inotbh d 
bv Mr. Hajl*»v, in connection with hi«» hon, 
Major Jerome B. Ba:ley, — making with tlieir 
•j.a^.'iou'j addition*; and iin;«rov*^iiieiJt-» a wry 
conifortahle and comn!odioim hotel, in whirh 
the fathf-r and Fon pro^eouted the >t\\\\*' h\W\ 
ni'?? until the death of tlic f.\th<*r ; afior win* 1» 
the fon continued the ^anu- l»u^in«'>< until lii" 
d'-alh ; jince \rhieh it ha« b*en in po^««t>.«ijon 
and occupancy of F. M. Baih-y, a ;;'and-iU 
of Fhinea* Bailey, and Fon of Jerome B. 
Bniley, rnakin;* threo goneration?» of the Bai- 
ley family, succeeling ea<h other in the ln>*'i- 
n«'.«^«« of keeping a hotel. E«q. BaiUy had a 
fimily of 9 children, and only two (Jerome 
B. and a Filter, the Widow Hannah Mann) 
remained re^idenlK of the town for a great 
hnjith of time. He rtp^-atedly held variou!« 
important officer in town, and wa* ^ix time.-f 
elected torej-re^cni the town in tlie h gi>laiure. 


Vt., in ISIO, and in 1S20 came to thii town, 
where they iHith lived, and died at an ad- 
vane^Ml age. — the hu»band Wing almo«tt 91 
years of age. and the wilV in her >7lh year, 
having lived together, as husband and wife, 
«>S yearn. It it a rare ca^e ft.r a married 
r<»uple to *!ii«ty Wrdiled lif»' for that length of 
um*». Tlu ir family con^l^l^d of G M>n* and 
4 d.iui;ht«'rj«. Tluiryoutipf^t daughter, Sar.ih, 
i» the only one now living in town. A Mm, 
Hiram C. Pri'.:^:*, i* K>caled in Bradford, in 
the mercantile bu-ine*^. 

C.\I»T. JAMra MOKRlSOlf 

wx« born in I.iondonderry, X. H., March 22, 
1 7v'^l. At the a;;e of 11 yearn.h** ft'C«»ir.panied 
Iji" father in a i»:iioval to Weft Fairlee. In 
17*»0. at the auc* of 18, he went to <)rf«»rd, 
X. H., — working a< a intvhanir, until 1>*<^3, 
when he married Mnnha Pehon, of Lyme, 
X. H., by wh(»m he had 10 r!iildren. John, 
tiic olde-'l hon. lo^t hi* life by dr'»wninjj, whiln 
al*ein]'linu» to exlrir.ite a fjj'h'^nn-^n** H»ine, 
in I>over, X. H.. in 1>41. lUnnif J , a mason 
bv trade, while pro«ecutin![: hit* occn]'a!i"n at 
St. Alban^. wa^ fIioI bv the Canadian raider*,* 
Oct. 21, \>i*\\. (»{'or;:e, the j-ccond i«on, in in 
.-ijcce>vful pra''ti<*e a- a lawyer, in^hester, 
X H ; ha«» Imh-h « time:* ehrlM a mem- 
l»er of the X. H. Legislature from that cjty, 
and for one or more terin« has served as 
memb-r of C^ni^re-is from that Plate. Barker 

wa< for many years engaii'*d in mercantile I. /who for some yi.irR owned and occu]>i'^ 
bu«inf««, in connection willi the hotel ; wa« ' \,\^ father's homestead, i^t^ir the dec**a^e of 
api»ointcd i^o^'t master, Srpt. 27, 1?31, lud'ling ' ii^,. latt-r. nub>equenlly wdd, — removing to 
the ofBce to Sept. 9, 1^5. when deorp-. W. j Byme. X. 11., and becoming a partn-r in n 
Brown received the appointment, and held it j st-ammill for the manufiwlure of lumber 
till July 14. 1^51, whea Maj. Bailey w^- re- j D.ivenj-ort A , theyonng*'«tson of Capt. Mor- 
appoinicd, holding the office to the time of | n^on. is the only son who is a renidcnt of thii 
his death, or 30 years and about 5 months, t ,<tate. who, with a sUter older than himself^ 
He prosecut<rd his business with that degree i ^re now residing in town, — supi«orting aa 
of diligence and sncce*a as to gain a hand- * g^^d mother, now (Feb. 1S70) in her ^7ih 
iomc cou]»etency for himself and family, — year, 
holding various offices of trust pertaining to 
the town, and was twice elected to repn-sent •fiM 8t aiimhs.— pajc* aor. 




At Ao early day settled id this town, and 
married Martha,* a daughter of Gen. Wael 
Morey, by whom he had four M>nK, Edward 
M., Simon B., Israel M. and George W. P. 

Edward was a rucce^sful nierchant in Or- 
ford, N. II .» and for a while had a branch 
store in this town. Simon, after coiniileting 
his education at West Point. cDtt^rtnl the Uni- 
ted StAt4-s Navy, and is now holding a prom- 
inent office in that imftortant arm of our na- 
tional defence. Israel is in the mercantile 
buf^incss in Thiladoljihia — and Gi-o-ge, alter 
following the sea for many years, in com- 
mand of merchant vessels, settled in Sun 
Francisco, and feubHequcntly bvcame an emi- 
nent banker in that city, where he died a 
few years since. 

Esq. Bis^ell was bom in Windsor. Ct., but 
he was an early and long time resident ol 
this town, as all four of his bovs were born 
here, living with their parents until commen- 
cing buFinej«8 for themselves. The writer 
has a perfect recollection of his gentlemanh 
appearance, his kind and courteous hearing 
toward all with whom he came in contact ; 
notwithstanding the frowns of fortune, in 
depriving him of his limited store of worMly 
goods, he set'mod to enjoy life with a much 
greater zest than his richer neighbors. * 

After the death of his wife, he was invitod 
to share the filial affection and hoitpitality 
of his son Edward M., of Orford, N. H , 
with whom he spent his remainmg years in 
that calm and happy manner which had 
characterized his entire lite, passing quietly 
to his final rest He had a brother, Major 
Noadiah Bissell, who resided in town, on the 
farm now owned by Hon. A. H. Gilmore, un- 
til 1S15, when he sold out, removing West, 
1 think. 


according to the most reliable authority, 
came from Hebron, Ct. to this town in 1700. 
and made his first pitch, not far from the 
present location of Orford bridge, but soon 
changed his locality, by removing ne.v the 
south line of the town, to what is now known 
as the Deacon Joshua Heath farm— where he 
built a log-house and a hovel for farm-stock, 
on the river interval— but, as he thought, 
snfficiently distant and high, to be above 
high-water mark of the Connecticut River. 

•Tketrst wbJt« UrnaX* bora te Orford, M. B. 

But in this he was sadly mistaken, as events 
proved: as a few years after his location 
there, a remarkable flood, such as has not 
been since known — if ever before, occurred 
in the Connecticut; the water rising to such 
a pitch 4s to sweep away his farm-stock dur- 
ing the night, and surround his domicil to 
5uch height, as to make it necessary to con- 
vey the family from their home in a dug-out 
He removed from the town about 1807. 


bom in Hanover, N. H., in 17S7, came to 
Orford in 1816, married Lucy Morey, a 
daughter of Major Israel Morey, and soon 
after moved to Fairlee, where he died in 
1.S65. His wife died in 1837. 


early settled in this town, as we find from 
the following record, but the precise time of 
his coming, and of the time and place of his 
birth are all uncertain. We think his native 
State was Connecticut His name first ap- 
]>ears on the recorls of this town, in a deed 
from Gen. Morey, to himself and his wife 
Anna, of hoi>e lots Noft. 54 and 55, dated 
March llHh, 1790, containing sixty acres. 
Includetl in this deed is a small tract of 3 
acres, bounded as follows • vit. *Souih by 
the road running from the hou^^e where 
the said Morey now lives, to the mill-)>ond, 
thence north on the weistern shore of said 
pond, to (he bridge leading over said }tond, 
or ]K)nd-brook — thence southerly on the 
public road to the first bound, includiiig 
the buildings thereon — Cun^ideralion 17 
pounds ** 

He was a large land owner, as appears by 
a deed dated Dec. 29, 1790, conveying over 
l2sX) acres of land to Gen. Isrmd Morev, for 
the sum of 170£. Dec. 6, 1790, he sold the 
above namtnl house lot^ No* 54 and 55 to Ben- 
jamin Follett for 40£.; and on Mar. 26,1791. 
the 3 acres above described, together with the 
buildings then occupied by him and his wife 
Anna, as a home9tead, for the sum of 25£, 
when he moved to Thetford. He held vari- 
ous offices while in town, and among others 
that of justice of the peace, and, as one old 
lady about 90 years old expressed herself in 
conversation with me in relation to Judge B. 
in answer to an inquiry if she knew him — 
**La sui! I knew the squire and his wife well, 
they tended our meetin, dressed np slicker*n 
ennybody else in town, the they was Pis- 
copals, and the squire used to marry folks.'* 



Aft«r bit removal to Thetford, h« helJ the 
office of jud{*e of probate for tome yiArf, tnd 
afWr tbe erection of the academj in th»t 
town, was an efficient officer of that ini>tita- 
tion for many }>ar(i. and many who have 
fern 50 ji*ar« or more well recoil vt hi* gen- 
tlemanly de|>ortmeoi while officiating a% pro- 
bate judge, Mnd aUo a« treasurer of the insti- 
tution above reforrc-<l to. The hou^^ 
referred to, a» being occuj»ic»l by Uenrral Mo- 

pied by Capt, M(»rrih<»n — built on the iijk>i 
where 11. S. Porter ha* recently erected a new 
hou^e, and the one then occupied by Judge 
Buckingham was tlie houM itul>»e.)UeQtly oc- 
cupii-d by a man of the name of Thing, whom 
many of us well recollect. 

Some two or three fnmiliein of the above 

f»urrounding circutaaUncea, while at tli«»a»» 
time to K>roe extent we all become the 4i«bi- 
tect» of our own characten. 

And viewing tbe variouf conditioM mad 
circumManeei' of mankind in this liffr^tbeir 
uwAM of hapj.inens and pro5jH?rity, together 
with thenorrow* and woe*, which are more or 
les* the lot of all— we reflect w\ththe wise at 
f wei-t ►lu-jiig j^'alniijt : '• Thy way^ God, 

are in>cruiablo and past finding out!" or 
rey, was the one afterward owned and o»vu with Paul, " We m^ through a gla>s darkly.** 

LirKcanr or rRoFcs»ios(AL mek. 
Neither of the above named cla.<*»et bat 
ever s«-on sullirunt iudueemeuu to si-itle per- 
manently with US; y«t we have for the moet 
]»art iKM-n very cnmfurtably supplied with 
cleri« .U frrvK'es by non-r«-«:ideut pa^ton of 
vanou.4 dt'nonnuatiouii, but for the most part 

, , I tongreguiion.ilitu and Methodists. An abuB- 

name w.rc e.rly r. .id* nU of the town, hut a,„, M.,.,.ly »f ,.bvKici.u» en alM. U hU 
having failed to el.«t any infon.m.i<m .n re- », ,|...,j „„..,,.,. ,^,; ^^^ ^„^^ ^f „,^ ^.,^^ 
gard to then, from the.r d<.-c.-..dant». eiil.or | ,il. „„, m..r.^\ fru>..c, w, Uir. to. And 
a. to birth, nativity, or the tin.o of th-ir ^i.ii- j „ ,„ u„.yrr..-»e don't have much we for 
gra.ion to th., to,vn. I am thorvfor^ '•l-'- ! thvm.cUi;..,,,^ |..l«> a v., v quia and orderly 
Untlycoi»i>clW tofor»go,nyf..rih.rr<f.-r-l,,..,,,,,.' c«•l■.^.•l! L-iw i-rohaUy think 
*nc« to them or their dofo. n.iant.. at vce ] ,„„ ,.r„v,.,, „f ,,r...-,irins hread and 
would l« glad to make a. full and comj.lHc ; ,,,5,., ,,^. ,,„.ir prwlc-.-i^n h. re has a wme- 

a bi<»gra]»hical history as posjtible. 

Tbe same may also be t^aid of wveral other 
families — the Freeman family for in^tanl•e — 
some of the fourth generation of whom are 
6ow living in the vicinity : the same may al- 
so be Faid of a family by the name of Dcnlge, 
and }»erhai« others. 

I am compelled to omit a notice of many 
namt'S— such at the Woodwards. (Asa and 
BeDJamin) Je, Horner and Col. John Ivers. 
with many others — for want of the neceshary 
data; and in conclusion, ]>ermit me to say. 
it is far from my intention or inclination to 
make any invidious distinction of the early 
inhabitants of the town; many who per- 
ha|>« occu)»iod a homewhat obscure and hum- 
'ble }H>sition in life — yet in their humble 
sphere have acted well their part, and con- 
tributed as much, and perha]>8 more to the 
general good than many of those who have 
figured largely in ao official capacity, and 
who perha]« under different circumstances 
might have sbone more conspicuously in so- 
cial potitioQ, wealth, or official ttationt. 

** fall naay a flower is kurate III wh voM^a.* 

Tbe human character it formed and mould- 
^ into tbajM in a grtftUr or latt degree by 

* j what billious aj'piarauce — and whether we. 

»« inhabitants of the town, are f^ufferers or 
not by this condition of tUings^I leave the 
reader to judce. 

MI^<'L-LLA^'F.Ol'S XATTEft. 

Out of our iKij'ulation of 519, we have out 
liundroi] or more, who have peen 50 vean 
»nd upwards— 7t» who are rising of tlO yeart 
of age — tlS who are over 70 years— 6 who 
are over J*0 year*, and 2 who are over 90 
years of ap;e — leaving over 'M)0 of our popu- 
lation un«ler 5U years. The marriages in 
town during the y«-ar 1.'<*»S, have been but 4 ; 
l>irthi« for the i^arae time i*, and deatht 3. 
Thve hUtihtics we think show a state of lon- 
gevity e«jual to, if not exceeding most other 
town!* of the {^taie and, when we com|«are the 
number of births with tho-^e of deatlis.Ve 
think our fnipulaiion mufit have increased 
since the an^us of iM'iO. We Uiink this m 
good town to be born in, alho to »j*end one*a 
life in ; and this opinion is not based on any 
one single circumstance, but on Tarious cir- 
cumstances, such as healthfulnest of the town, 
productiveness of soil, social position of (be 
inhabitants, equality in distribution of wealth, 
low percentage of taxation. Ac 4e. 




TbroQgb the kindneM of Joux Strati ov. 
Esq. the following bibtory of the Coogrega- 
tiooal cburch has h^n famished iu fur pub- 


The records of Uie town of Fairlee sbow 
that a]*pro|)riationt were made for ibe 8Up|)ort 
of the gospvl aii early as th« year 17S2/ and 
a vote \va» passed on the Ttb of March in Uiat 
year ** that the town would join witli Orford 
in hiring a minister for 3 years, commencing 
on the 1st of April last." The first inHance 
in which the name of any roini^ter occurs in 
the records is in a warning dated f*eb. 22« 
ITJJo: **Tosec what the town will do about 
paying Mej<i«r8. Storoy and 8tewari for preach- 
ing, which *aid town aj^reed to J«ay." This 
article was passed over without action. 

April 1*8, 171^1, it was voted to employ Rev. 
Daniel Gould (> Sabbaths and that the places 
for holding the meetingH sht^uld be at Mr. 

Asa May's, Mr. Cojiha.« Cljild's and at or 
•• nigh'* Mr. Daniel Kri*cman'j«. On the 11th 
of July following it was vole<l lu hir^ him (J 
Sabbaths more. Feb. 10. 17J*">, alter many 
lown*infoiingRand liiiich oj^jvoj^ition, the town 
voted ** to give Mr. Daniel Gould a call to 
sett-lc in their town in the work of the Gos- 
pell Mujiatry.** 

His salary wa.* to be £45 for the first year, 
and .ilt to be added each year until it should 
amount to jC(V> He wa^ to have the minis- 
ter's right of land, or i:200 as a settlement. 
He was probably ordaine>l about thn time, 
for June, 22, 1797, Israel Morey and i>am- 
uel Smith were appointed agent** for the 
town in an action commenced by Mr. Gould 
for his ]»aj for preaching, and they were 
enij»owcred to refer the accounts for board- 
ing the minister and the costi» of the ordi- 
nation to Capt. Joseph Pratt, John Mann, 
Esq., and Timothy Bartholomew, Esq. Some 
arbitrators of the present day would be dis- 
posed to disallow a part of the ac^'ount, as it 
was for mm used on the occasion. 

Tho West Congregational Chnrch of Orford. 
K. H. was organized in 1822 mnd some of the 
ehristian people of Fairlee united with that 
church. Early in the year 1823, Rev. Syl- 
Tester Dana was installed as its pastor, lie 
preached upon alternate Sabbaths in Orford 

*la lilt, two hundred potinila wrr« «ppro|iHM(>d bjr 
tb^ towu 1n€ thr vniipofi of f ka Ompel la OoaavctioB 
wlib Ortor4 ur oUiftir n Sd — J tilAov 

and Fairlee tiU Jan. 1, 1833, when ha was 
dismissed, and at the same time 32 members, 
residents of Fairlee, were dismissed for the 
purpose of forming a new cburch in their own 
town, which was organized Feb. 2S, 1833, by 
an ecclesiastical council. 53 persons havt 
been added to the church by profession, and 
28 by letter. 

Ko regular pa^^tor has ever been settled 
over the church, but it has been favored with 
much faithful preaching by various ministers 
as acting pastors. 

The following named ministers have been 
employed by tlie church and society, but it is 
iroi»ossible to give the dates, or duration of 
their labors, viz. 

Rev. Nathaniel Lambert. Rev. Mr. Sanders, 
Rev. Stephen Morse, Rev. Daniel Campbell, 
Rev. Andrew B. Foster, Rev. Geo. Campbell, 
Rev. Joseph Marsh, Rev. Increase S. Davis, 
Rev. Enos Merrill, Rev. Isaac Hosford. and 
Rev. Silas McKeen, D. D. who has preached 
here since August. 1Sij6. 

The first dtacf»nf<of the chnrch were Joshua 
Swift and Joshua Cook, elected Mar. 21, l^o3. 
Dea. Swift continue*! in olhce till his death in 
October, l^o!*. Dea. Cook, bv his own re- 
yuest W;is divharged fnim siTving as di-acon 
Sept. 20. 1S33. The following October, Ben- 
ijah Subiu was apiK>iuted in his place. He 
removed to Amesbury. Mass., in February, 
ISr.G. Oct. 8, ISjO, David G. Lord was rho- 
sen deacon. He was dismissed and recom- 
mended to the church in Post Mills, Dec. 31, 
18G5. He had r<?moved from this town some 
years previous to this date. .\ug. 20, 18."»2, 
Peter Murston was a)»pointed deacon, and 
July 12, 1802, Edwin Fuller. They still offi- 

In IS.V), the meetinghouse was remodeled 
and roj»aired. Since then, and also for some 
time previous, the Methodist church and so- 
ciety have supplied the pulp't upon alternate 
Sabbaths in perftjct harmony with the Con- 
gregational ists. each attending the other's 
meetings and communions as though they 
were their own. 


In the year 1828, a so ool- teacher by tb« 
name of McXoal. tlien teachhig in school dif 
trict Na 7, in this town, was active in starting 
and going forward In moetingt of that order, 
being tubwquently a.«8lsted by a preacher of 
the saflM persuasion, by the name of Chamber- 
liOi Aod hj tb«lr united ^ffortt, a tooietj, coo- 



ytmi 1840 (in waidk jmt Rer. Mr. lUOorj, % 
colored dergjmaa, officUt«dX wm j ftmt h &t la 
cbarfo till 1864. 

In 1H64 lUr. W. R. HcAIltftcr wm >wip—d 
to thb cliorge, and af^er a year of icTMt aetiri^ 
and u«o(Viln4*M. and liaTiof; {ratbervd many tooli 
mout, N. II, who afuT a time rcioorod lo Uliw. r as tho K^al of liia ministry, waa catted^p Uijcfc- 
He waa nucct^-iHlcd by Mr. Medfird, wlio in 1834 ■ er, bia work well done and fluialicd, we traati 

•iviiiig of audi of tbe iulmbiioiHa aa ware partial 
to that orUar, waa forui«d iu 1839. 

la 183i m cborcb waa or^ajixed, tbeo con- 
aldting of 13 nurob<«n(, undof tiie poaloral oare 
of Rvw. John Goold, wbo waa moo aoooeeded 
by Rer. Dan Toong, tbco a rewdcut of Pier 

ruM'gucd hit cbnrgo iu Civur of Rer. Francis R. 
Hoyi. afterwarda . rcfidmg KI*ler tif Grafton 
DiMric:. in tbe New Ilatup^bite Couforcuce. 

Mr. Hoy;'a Buccv«*or w** R -r. Jame* C'ao4>- 
bill, a niau wWI vew-d in Scripture, rolVrriiu 
reaJily to aJimirt any iia^^i^e. naming lHM»k, 
ch:»|»u T Hud rcrae. 

Iu ldJ:t Rfv. Haynes Julmson, of Bmilford, 
bc--aino piwlor. a g-n al. kind aud cx'-niplary 
man, who waa t'lccctled by Rer. Sibii Quin«- 
br, and Ror. E.iHha Adaroa. 

In 1S40 Rer Win. M. M.inn a^^umod tbe 
dKtrpc and waa succeeded in turn by Rer. Mo- 
sea Spencer aud Rer. Joseph Clarke, of Brad- 
fori, and bia ncpbcw, Rua:^.'U Clarke. 

Xext came to officiate two a;;ed fatbors cf the 
v»burvli : Rera. J. G. Dow, cif Kewburr, Vt, and 
DtMiui«« WcIIji, of Orford, X» IL They were 
fullowed ill »uoce<vion by Rera G. Cowan. Mr. 
FUloher. Khsha Brown, A. T. Bullard and P«*- 
fcz Mii3«on. * 

In 1830 the old church eJiflce wau rc|»aircd 
ov the miiied efforts of tbe Cougrcgaiioual aud 
Metliodi.5t TOcietiet. 

Her. Linu« Fish, of Bradford, labored with 
tlje 8«>ciity in this and tbe aucc^e^Jin;? year, and 
was followed by Rer. Denuis WelU of New- 

In 1952 Her. llaynea Johnson was a;;aiu 
u»sl>:nctJ to Ibis charge, and labored witli much 
teai for 2 yeara. and was succeeded in 1854 by 
Rev. J. G. Dow, then reverently known as 
"father Dow." This ajrcd patriarch of the 
cbiireb bbored but one voar, and was succeed- 
ed by Rvv. Charles Wesley Cusbing. then prin- 
jipal ♦>f Xewbury ^^miiiary, wbo in addition to 
mre «:lu*l.«rly att ijnmenK po«-H»s8ed that pe^ 
aiiHfiive, fluer.t style of pulpit oratory, and fer- 
rciit spirit of devotion to the cause of bis Great 
Ma.<tcr, which rer^cred bim eminently auccesa- 
*i«ll. aa well as beloved in bis labora. 

He was succeeded by tlie Rev. Francis D. 
Beuicnway, a logical aud eflectire preacher, and 
Bev. R. M. Manley, a clergyman of great use- 
ftilneas aud flue social qualities. 

In 1858 Rer. Amaaa Q. Burton came to Ubor 

lo tlie act-epta. ce <€ tbe Great Master. 

Rer. Z. ft. llaynea waa appointed to this 
cltarp* in 1 SCj, aud labored with great zeal and 
KUtx*fi«ii iuf 3 yeara Under bis labors tbe church 
was roui h augmented in numbera. and new lila« 
njiirit and activity, pervaded lu every depart- 
ment of labor. 

Iu 1808, Fuirloa being left without sapplj. 
Rer. J. C. Sberbom, of rUinfleld, llieo flttinK 
or the min'Siry at Newbury, supplied tl • pol- 
pit a portion of tbe year, and en«learvd himself 
to all by earnest piety aud pructicad godlimaSi. 
^h^^ remaining porti»m lia« In-en oeou|»ied by 
Rer. llaynea P. Chusbing, ol Hurke, wbo to 
well known as an earuiMtt and powerlul preacher. 

In conclusion, tite little band of 13 who ia 
1832 org:»uized this church, hare all passed 
away ; many of its earlier aud later pa.stors 
have TiMM from their labors; many uf its 
ranks hare Ullcu; but to its membeniirip, which 
now numbers nearly CO. th/ roico of tlia past, 
tlie future, aud of inspiration, can only cry: **B# 
faithful, and I will n'lve thee a crown of lifa." 

[For the Ibregoing histoiy of tbe M. B. 
Church, I am indebted to Terly Mason, Esq., 
who kindly cousenied to render me tbU ralua- 
ble asaistaooe.] 


The population of ibia town (549) as wrfl as 
the territory being s.imUI, tlie number of our dis- 
iricU Is necessarily small and tlie number of 
scholar between 4 and 18 years of age coos^ 
quently small 

Tbe town is divided iuU> 8 school- distrida, 
and according to Superintendent John Straiton's 
annual report, made in March, 1867, we had 
but 139 sdiolars between the ages of 4 and It 


The cost of educating this number of scholar^ 
ffrt- tbe year ending at that ti^l^ was aboot 
$1000, exclusive of interest on boildinga, whidi 
would swell th« sum to over $1200 ; or abo«t 
$9 the schobif. And as I am permitted by tht 
politeness of Esq. Strattoo, to copy from that 
report. I do it ibr Uie purpose of showing tbal 
tbe funds appropriated to sclioo! purposes art 


with this charge^ and, with exoejitiou of tbo oAoD vswisel/ sod i^jodicioiislj oxpaiidtd; 


^wbetbdr more bo Umn in other townt in the 
State, I leaTe for the reader to Judge. The en- 
jperintendent njt: 

** We bare d'MOOvered in a majoritj of achooU, 
flt want of thorouj^bnoaa. Scholars are too much 
ooTifiiied tu text-books, and. altbon^b they may 
sanawer verbally ererj question as it is in the 
l>ook, they niay Icuow n tLinjf of the le«8on. — 
Jo one H3ho>)l, aft«r a scholar had recited per- 
fectly all tlie defiiiitlona of the different angles 
Wknd triangles, I asked lier to make a right angle 
on the board, but she liad no more idea of a 
right angle than »he had of the conjuj^tiou of a 
Greek verb. In anotlier school, a claM that had 
recited a perfect lesson in geography, could nei- 
tlicr bjund nor give ihc name of this town. — 
Some, after having been through their geogra- 
phies, canuoi tcU whether the equator divider 
tbe earth into northeri and southern, or eastern 
aud western hcml«pliere9. Di'plorablo igno- 
rance! showing a deficiency somewhere — either 
in parent scholar, or tcaclier: probably in all 
tlirec. Was it ao with those of us who obtained 
otir limited education, half a century or more 
airo ? So far as the writer is aware, it wan not 
Then, what little we learnetl, we learned well — 
Mce were drilled in Webster*s until we had it by 
heart — the toacher daily asking a tliouwand and 
one qu«'8tionff or less, tdat no author ever 
tliought of publishing in a book ; but all useful 
to a thorough drilling of the pupil. S<K)n we 
"were permitted to try our hand at pc-nmannliip, 
and our teachers wero not aliove giving instruc- 
tion in that important branch of an education, 
as some at the prc^'ut d.iy are, who say it is a 
acparato and diKtiitct branch of education, to be 
Caught exelusirely by a writing- nuister. 

AAorwardit the fundamental rules of arithme- 
tic ware commenced, and no scholar wa^ allow- 
to proceed farther than sub^^traction, until be 
m-as a perfect mastiTof the multiplication table, 
so that in our further arithmetical progress we 
should not be compelled to oolleet our brains. 
or coui>t our fingers to answer any portion of it 
as some do now, who boost of having gone 
ne.nrly through the arithmetic As to grammar, 
bat precious few ever made any pretentions to 
that branch, but the numbers were small who 
would ever use a plural noun or pronoun in con- 
nection with a singular verb, as we have known 
some high school graduates to da But we 
were led on step by step, in the mo^ important 
branches, as long as our limited time and means 
would allow, learning whatever we undertook 
in a thorough manner, thereby fitting us for the 
duties and common buKine^s of life. A remedy 
for some of the defects in our present melliods 
of instruction is pointed out in the following ex- 
tract, taken by permission, from the report of 
Town Superintendent, A. W. Painc^ submitted 
at our last annual town-meeting. 

The report says: * Kveiy superintendent of 
ichooto soon lo:im8 that the inhabitants of 
sdiool-districta are not apt to have a suflicieot 
degree of interest in their school — not so much 
as we wish thero roiglit be. In looking over 
the school registers in the different districts in 
Iowa, wt flnd that only aboat one In ten of tbs 

inhabitants of tbe town have vinted any oftbs 
schools, during the past year. 

We think these figures indicate a hM;k of hi. 
terest in tbe sdiools 1 If there is anything that 
will encourage a teac!ier — stimulate tbe sehol. 
ars to a more active pursuit of study — and pro- 
mote a more general interest with all — it is to 
receive frequent visits from the inhabitants and 
frieuda wlto are interested in the work. And w§ 
would 8u^giM»t and earnestly recommend to ths 
people of every sdiool district, who ue\*er see 
the inside of their school-house more tlian ones 
a year, to m.ike the pilgrinrnge from their homes 
to their school-house, aud visit their school four 
times each year. 1 f every family in each school- 
district was actively cng:iged in the prosperitr 
and 8ucee.s8 of our scliools, and directed their 
most earnest efforts to the acoomplishmeut of 
that end, our schools would be fir more success- 
Ail, and the rising generation would grow up to 
tread the higher walks of an educated life, 
ratlier than walk the careless paths of the half 
educated — hardly ever rising above the dead 
level of the world.* 

In addition to the faults of parents, pointed 
out in the foregoing extract^ we add a want 
of (acuity, on the p:irt of many teachers, to 
govern a school wisely, and a dis|M)sition on lbs 
part of both teacher and scholars to overlook 
tlie primary or fundamental principles of a 
thorough education, thereby rendeiing future 
progress much more difllicuU and im|H?rfect. I 
am not ready to admit that the schools of our 
town are behind those of neighlH>ring towns^ 
but this much am constrained to admit: that 
there is abundant room for improvement, and 
tlje first Bteji towards it which we would sug- 
gest is to keep the sc .olars in the district-school 
until they have thoroughly m.astered the rudi- 
ments of an Knglish e<lnraiion; having the 
teacher also understaud that his or her duty re* 
quires a thorough and systematic drilling in 
firat principles, before proceeding to higher 

posT-orncE and postmasteiis. 

For (he foOomiig ttailstlc9 in relation to our 
P. 0, and P. J/V*, lam irnkUtd to GenTgt T. 
Ihiggs, Efq.^ foruarly of Oiis town, but now 
of Wtuftiu'jton^ D. C. tvliO was /or some time 
a clerk in one of (kt departments at Washing' 
ton, but has recently opened an office as atloT' 
ney and counsttltr at law, in the latter place. 
The first post-office was established in this 
town July 27, *1S08. Limc^'lot H. Granger 
was the first postmaster, lx>ing appointed un- 
der President Jefferson, and held the office uiitil 
1818, when for some reason, good or baJ, the 
office was discontinued. Hut in 1819, our peo- 
ple wers fortunate enough to have the oflSct* re- 
ir^stated, and George S. Mann was appointed 
P. M., on ths 9tli of Oc;^ober, of that year, and 
daring tbe administration of President M:idison. 
March 30, 1835, Solomon Mann. Jr., (a brother 
of George) was appointed, aud held the oflka 



ooe jemr. April I, lt2«, Imm Furingtoo war 
Appotoicd duriof Um «diuiiiifftnitk>o of Pn-«i 
dent J. Q. Adams, Aod beld the oOoe about 4} 
jeari» being luooucded hy Georga W. Brown. 
Oct. 1 1, 1S30, QDd«r rretkWnt Andrvw Jackioo 

Jerome B. Bailej*a flrM appointmeDt at P. 
M. was on tha 27tb of SepU^niber, 1831, alto 
under Jackson, being succeeded bjr Ot-orge W. 
Brown, Soptembcr 9, 1845, and during Polkas 

Jul/ K 1831, Jerome B. Bailey was reap- 
pointed, under tbe adiuiuistnUion of President 
Taylor, and contiuoed to hold tbe office until 
h\n dcatJi, Jan. 1, 18G8, the duties of the office 
bcii)g often diftchargod by a deputy, until June 
1, 1SG3, when Beujumin P. Driggs, Esq., sue- 
rieodcd in the office of postmaster. 

Previous to the estabruhmcnt of the first port- 
cffico in towti, the inhabitants wore under the 
noco^»'ity of going to neighboring towns for pofit- 
al Accommodations, and in some instances 10 
Fjiles or more, but letters and papers were few, 
and far between, a half a century ago, and once 
a week was about as of\eo as any of our popu- 
lation ox^tected to boor from a post-office at that 
early daj. 


Tlie first year Fairlee elected a Heprei<enta' 
tivG to the h-gi^lature was in 1784. That year 
and the following the town was represented 
by Hon. Nathaniel Niles, who was elect<^d 
ipeaker of the House one or both years, and 
the names of ihoM who resided in that por* 
lion of the town now constituting West Fair- 
lee are designated by a *, as both towns sub- 
mitt^ to the restriction of the legislature al- 
lowing bat one representative, down to the 
year 1S22, when each town, by mutual con- 
Rent, elected a rcpre^'entative as before stated, 
and here follows the names of those who have 
repre^nted the town from the time of its fir^t 
organization to the present time, with the 
years of their election : 

Nathaniel Niles.* 1784/85; Israel Morey, 
1786: Samuel Smith. 1787, '88. '89. '90; Is- 
rael Morey. 1791. *92; Samuel Smith, 1793, 
•94, '90, '90. '97; Israel Morey. 1798, '99; 
Samuel Smith. ISOO. '01. '02 ; Nathan'l Niles.* 
1S03. -04, '05. '00. '07 ; Elisha Thayer,* 1808 ; 
Samuel Smith. 1809. '10, '11 ; Elinha Thayer,* 
1812, '13; Nathan'l Niles.* 1814; Asa May,* 
1815; ElishaThaycr,*1816, '17, '18; Solo- 
aon Mann, 1819, '20; Elisha Thayer,* 1821. 

In 1822, as before stated, both towns, by 
mutual coDseni, violated that portion of tbt 

law dividing tbt town into two aeparatA 
townships, which restricted tbem to one ref- 
re^entatire ; Fairlee sending Solomon Maaa. 
and West Fairlee Samuel Graves ; and of 
course no further names from West Fairlea 
will be inserted, as Unb towns bad now ba* 
come entirely soj>arat« and distinct, in all 
their municipal regulations. 

Je«^e Stoddard was elected in tbe year 1823; 
.Moulton Morey. 1824. *25 ; Pbineaa Bailey, 
182tJ. '27. '28. '29; Isaac Farrington, 1830, 
'31— no election in 1832— Pbineas Bailey, 
1833. '34; Stephen Jenkins, 1S35. '36 ;t Sam- 

t IMf4 tofi*r« lb« •ilUnc of Ik* W^-Utwv U lS3t. 

uel Moore, 1837, '38 ; A. H. (;ilmor«. 1839, 
'40; Zcbulon Morris, 1841, *42; John Mo- 
Lane, 1843 ; Pyar Waterman, 1844 ; J. B. 
Bailey, 1845, '46 ; Lewis Jenkins, 1847, *4S; 
Stephen Chapman, 18 49 ; William Child. 1850; 
Stephen Chapman, 1851 ; Thomas Stratton, 
1S52; no choice. 1853 ; Alexander McLane, 
1854, '55 ; A. H. Gilmore, 185<^, '57; B<'nja- 
min Cell'y. 18:.S. *50 ; Thomas a Paine, 18*10, 
'Gl ; William Ciiild. 1S62, '03 ; William IL 
Kibbcy. lSo4. 'G5; Oiarles H. Mann, 1806, 
'67 ; David C. Abbott, 1SG8. 


The following named {persons, inhabitants 
of Fairlee, have filled the office of aM<iUnt 
judge of the County Court, viz : Inrael Mo- 
rey. from 1780 to '90; Moulton Morey. from 
1803 to 1805; John McUne. 1815, '46; A. 
H. Gilmore, 1849; William Child, 1866, '67. 
Moulton Morey was also an a'<fociate juxtiot 
of tbe Supreme Court, from 1800 to 1808. 


Samuel Smith was el<H!t<.'d first town clerk 
in 1791, and held the office 35 years in succes- 
sion. He was succeedHi In the office by hit 
son. Grant Smith, who held the office 10 years. 
J. B. Hailey followed, continuing 16 years;* 
Samuel L. Granger filled tbe same office 1 
year, and Alexander Mcl^ane 10 years. Wil- 
liam Child, the present incumbent, now, 
(March, 1870.) just commencing his 7tb year. 

TOW5 orricEns for the cdrre5t tear, 
Cvmmencing March, 18C9. 

For Mod»frator, Perley Mason— Clerk, Wil- 
liam Child— SelecUnen. William H. Kibbey, 
S. B. Hayes, I'hilander Staples — Overseer of 
the poor, William Child — ^Treasurer, William 
H. Gilmore— Listers, George A. Morey, Wal- 
ter E. Abbott, Dennison Melendy— Aoditon, 
Alexander McLane, F. M. Bailey, George A« 
Morey— Trustes U. tt. Deposit, A. H. GilmorS 


- ,f 

» ■ 











— aOwo Agent, A. H. Gilmore — ^Town GranU 
Jurors, George A. Morey, William E. 8. Cel- 
ley — Town Tax, 55 per cent of the Grand 
List — Highway Tax. 25 pr. ct. — Town indebt- 
ed to the amount of $1600, including U. S. 
deposit fund. 

The preceding portion of this short history, 
like all human histories, presents its varied 
changes of hoj»« and fear, of joy and sorrow ; 
and. to pioneers of a new country, attend- 
ed with many privations and hardships — ^}*et 
we believe a large preponderance of happi- 
ness has ever permeated through all the vari- 
ed channels of human action put forth by the 
hardy sHtlers making their hearts joyful in 
the participation of present blfKsings, and 
•till more joyful in anticipation of a brighter 
and more prosperous future — which hof»e has 
been more than realizi*d in our rapid growth 
and substantial pro!*]*erity as a nation, and as 
individuals. But, like all earthly good, evil 
was prominent in the form of" Human slave- 
ry,** which eventually engendered bitter strife 
resulting in a civil war of such magnitude 
as to demand the united energies of all loyal 
men to suppress it — and for that purjvose ev 
ery town was call«*d upon — this with others. 
Although small in territory, and still smaller 
in population, we furnished 44 men ; and, in 
honor of their bravery, and to perf'ttuate 
their memory, I gladly )>erforro the sacr«d 
duty of recording their names below. 


Although the voluntary offering of our 
young men, on the altar of our common coun- 
try, for the suppression of a rebellion insti- 
gate<l and prosecuted for the sole purpose of 
the extension of slavery, and a consequent in- 

crease of political pow^r, is a matter of great 
joy and rejoicing— yet, in glancing our eyet 
along the list of patriotic names, onr joy it ever 
and anon turned to sorrow and sadness, by the 
frequent occurrence of some of the following 
expressions set against various names com- 
IHn-ing the patriotic list : •' Killed in battle!*' 
*' l>icd in a r«bel prison ! * •• Died in hospi. 
tal !*' either from wounds received in battle, 
or by disease. These, with other things, are 
sad reminders of the most melanchoUy event 
of' our nation*! history. 

But it preseuta an epoch, from which we 
may date the disenthmllment and enfranchise- 
ment of a large number of the hutnao race, and 
the acVnowl* dged strem^ih and stability of a 
Republican Government, which secures *'ljb- 
criy and Equal Rights** to all, regardless of 
*' c»<e or color,** thereby adding another pillar 
to the Teni]>le of Liberty, and R^curing to our 
*' National Fabric** a firm and enduring foun- 

In the following ]Ut, containing; 44 names, 
furnished by llie town to fill our quotas under 
the various e;ills, 26 were rtsidenis of ilio tow-n, 
the other 18 were fom outside sources, all vol- 
unteering, and some the second, and in one or 
two Instances the third lime, thus rendering vol- 
unUiry inMead of compulsory service in ilie 
greal ''National Struggle." 

Out of the above number seven died of dis- 
ease, and three fell in battle — ten in all, equal 
to nearly 23 per cent of the whole number fur- 

At the time of the drall the five following 
uames were drawn, each pt»yinp commut.ition, 
viz.: Warren r!astman, James A. Gilmore, Per- 
ley Maaon, Lyman IL Morns, Swill J. Pierce. 

Xttmei, Agt, Ok 

Bl»k<>. llrury II. B 

ll«iiM-tl«*. IhUliiK R. 1< K 

Biirlier, CbarlM S. 31 D 

BurWr. Alphrw T£l P 

Clifl«Ttl.t:ill«rt M.IV B 

ClrnMni. F. K. ^ I* 

Child, Diiriiw O. 26 D 

CbOd, Uwto 23 D 

ChlM.WilUrd IL 23 I> 
DmvIs Htfttial T. SI 8. 

B^iy. Alfb^ B. n D 
l>«vK Milton U. 18 B 
r«IWr,0»BB. SO 

r«1l«r,AIWrtO.*» B 
OUworv, Wm. U. n D 

Keg, EHtitUd. Bt-tntitkd, Tiwu^pL^uit^ death. Mtuttfnd out, Jttmarkt. 

eftirSyNiri. Joottl.'eS. 

s IW. -JC. m, 1 xfT. 

8 Decs, 'ei,3jMn. a«o. i,*M. Coofnimp*n.Wlnrhe«- 


a 1)oc. «, *«1 , 3 y<«nL J aoe 2S,'6I. 

e 8* |»t. 2.\ Al . 3 >«iin. J UM 6, *64. 

8 Auk. :r). *». l yr«r. Juii« 1, H». 

8 3 tiuw. RnMir««nl |E*«k, Frrrr X«w OrltAOt, 3d llcot. Co. B ; re- 

Apr. '<;i, l«i Yt. reje. B«c4, *01« July 20, 'ti. mmiui bro*t lioiu«. 

»iMlNm«4 fei Portraaa 


8 hvc ;, xn, S yMUv. Jaa. A, *tL Auk. V^. Act. Brlg.Com^raiik 

8>a(.S3.*64,1yc«r. JiiMl,*ei 

S. Nov. 1, *«1, 1 yc«r. Bm. n, *63 Juim A *M, of v*iidi 

rrr. In ImUU« Majr 

8 Avr 10. *M. S yc«n, ^ July If .'•S. 

8 J«n. 4. *M, 3 yrare. Jub* 28,'6ft. 

10 July 28, *«S, 3 jmn, Kl*d, WliichMt#r,Ta. 

fept.18,'e4. Body 

a*T«r r«eocnlt«d. 
• Jab. I, *64, S ymia. Jbbi* S8,*68. 

8 Bm. T, *«, 3 fi%, JuB« 2»,*fl6. Pro. Com. tergt. 

. Jajyl,**!. 



!■*-. liar-** K. 

1> (^v. «*ft 14, -Cl.l 

^*«i, SC#^ Or* 

J.kkii.*. ni-«. J. U 1» % Dii*- }«. i.l.ajrL 

yu-.u. Ml (.Utb II. ::i I» Dwc X d, 3 J«w^ 

>l«r.|..n. A. W. 14 O 10 Jaly H. *6::. 1 jr*. 

M ^- *. iSihirl W. '12 II 12 Am^ n. «.V> !».«. 

^Ufioii. LrtI :u ■ 4 Anf 17. «il.3 « 

M rr.-. R •«•! A- ?J II 1-' A»i iX •»!. » i^». 

fi^Mf. t;^.. n. 21 II \i Ams. ^ Vi. f Mu*. 

Ko»-ri-. P'fl'y F.'i4 K * ?f rt». 3rt. •«. 3 Ti*. 
«4««rr. Aiii>« B. 1^ M « Au^Le, 4.^3 JNL 

fixt.r. nil"! r. 3^ ■ - 

^M.'tii, rurk M :i5 II IS A«^ t&. 'Ci, 9 wml 
Slr«ll.^ Brttj. A. U U ~ 

51 aiu« ir.ManrvM* S2 D »» h^. 7. V.l. 3 Te*r«. 
V«!,rn.-to U P. .t: II 12 Anx- ^'. '\1^ ^ turn. 
HliUnej.Ca '.1 a f JuM 4, 02, 3 >r«. 

AbDiri05AL BUAJRArar. 

Aft rtaled at tlin roiiiiii'-no* iQ«-iut of t}il« 
fk*-i»{i, the history of ImiiU Kairl'f in-l \V«-*t 
Fairk-e iir« De«'»-^*4r!ly lil»n J-J or o»nn<*<'t*'<l 
down Jo the year 17i*Z, whrn a fepar^iion 
wa- matle, or^atii^ing iIjc town of \\\ifi Fait- 
Ite from l1ie \v«-»l»'rn j»orlionof KairKf — it i* 
l!iercf )re bcco:nia^ to rei'Mr-l t)ie naio"^ of 
fyine of llie more proiniuent intn of 11**1 jK)r- 
tioo of the towo. 

In j«ur>'ianco of the forgoing i»ugge>tion, 
t!tC tiini; liODofeJ oaiue of 


ftanis firft and foreiuoj.t, and io honor of 
who. a I will tran^-rihtt the following extrari 
from a work entiiU*d "Spra^ue's Annals of 
the American Pulpit" 

^ " Hon. Xaihaniel Nil*^« wa« born in South 
Kin^^-ion, H. 1^ April 3d, 1741, commenced 
his *<>llfgiate course at Harvard ; but in con- 
fejUf'jce of failing health, iiu«|>cDded hii» 
^tu•l:♦-l« for a ti.ue — but suh."*<quently renuuied 
th^.n — graduating at a New Jer-ey Coll*»;;i- 
in \'<\(\, at the age of 25. Ho8tudic*«l theolo 
gy on l«r the Rt'v. Dr. Bellamy, and doubt- 
i*-ji% in consequence of somethiag the Doctor 
bad heard respecting Mr. Nil«H* religious 
%Mewi, he was led to ^ay to him that be 
mun give up all hit preconceived opinionn 
and Ingin anew, — and gave him for a theme 
ujion which to ftady and write. ** The exiPi- 
eoce and attributes of God." Mr^ Kiles said, 

M«^ 3». *«1 



11^ -o. 


Jaw. >.-«. 
Jmm liC'tt. 

9m«ll pnx« Tmirfmx 
C. ll.Ta. Jaa. 34*«L 

J«lj M,^ 

11, -tL 

'•*I do not b»-lieve there it a God!" Wbail 
«aid the d'tctor. come here to Mady divinitj 
and not b^lb've there in a Go! ! Mr Nilt* re- 
plit^l, " I A'j'i Ix^lioved tln-re waa a Ctod — bat 
yon said I must give up all my precuDceived 

He Aulnf-quintly took up hit h^dence ia 
Xorwich. Ct.. and at the cloj^ of the Revola- 
lionary W^r, purchased lands in Vermont^ 

; in Orange County — and in Fair- 
W(now W«*st Fairlee) be »ubseq«eiitlj »ei- 
tled. He was a man iK>sH*».-«ing a sound, well 

I balanced mind, exten^^ive knowledge, and 
enjoyed the confid< nee and e»teem of a Uirge 
circle of frion l<t and acquaintan^^eA, and wit 
by them promoKnl to various poeitioni oi 
honor and responsibility. 

Ue WAS the leading man of the place, often 
offici.iting as clergyman, lawyer and pbjai- 
cian. The writer di«tinctly recollecta listen- 
ing to his pious admonitions, while holding 

I forth in the former capacity, in hit own 
house, which was voluirtarilj thrown open 
by him for religious worship, previoot to th« 
erection of our first church edifion. 

We find Judge Niles, at be was familiarljr 
called, represented the town in the. legisla- 
ture in 17^ and *85, occupying the position 
of s[»eaker one or both years; in 1786 and 
'87 he wat n member of the State Oonncil 
and wat again elected to the same office from 
1603 to 1807 inclnsive. Ue was again eloe^ 




I . 












•d ft meiulMr of the lower br«nch of the leg- 
ttlalore in the yean 1800, *01 and *02, again 
to the same office, in 1812, *13 and '14. From 
1784 to *87 he was one of' the Supreme Court 
Jadges, and member of a constitutional con- 
vention in 1791» and again in 1814 ; member 
of a council of censors in 1799, and member 
of Congrcsts from 1701 to '95, and waA six times 
chosen elector of Prei^ident and Vice-President. 
He livod a {>eaceful, tranquil and useful life 
— dying Oct 31, 1828, in his S8th year. 

H« had three sons — William, the oldest, 
was educated a lawyer ; the second son, Na- 
thaniel, after completing ^is education, held 
the office of Secretary of Legation from the 
United States Government to tlie Court of 
France ; WaU>on, the third son, was educated 
for the ministry, but soon abandoned the 
profession for other pursuits. 

His seven children, three sons and four 
daughters, have all passed away — the young- 
est who was the wife of Joseph Kimball, 
Esq., of West Fairlee, died tho^past year — 
one other, the wife of Dr. Noyes, of Kew- 
buryport, Mass., died sons years ago — the 
other two daughteis were never married ac- 
cording to my beftt recollection. [ A further 
biography of Judge Niles and family, it w*ill 
be found, appears in (he hi/toryof West 
Fairlee.— JSc/.j . 

Other pioneers emigrated to tliat local- 
ity from the older States near the close of 
the last century, who, though not so promi- 
nent in political life, yet by their nntiring 
energy, industry and perseverance, have 
probably rendered as much real service to 
mankind, and ]iromoted the general good of 
the community to as great an extent as those 
oftener promoted to office ; and among those 
may be named two or three families by the 
name of Wild, as many more by the name 
of Basset t, the same may also be said of the 
Southworths, not forgetting to mention Cal- 
vin Morse (referred to in the biogra]>hy of 
Samuel Coburn), Stephen and Asa May, 
Elijah Blood, a Mr. House, etc 

This brief notice of some few of the inhabi- 
tants of what is now tfiilled West Fairlee, ap- 
peared necessary under existing circumstan- 
ces, as their emigration was made previous to 
the organisation of West Fairlee. But 1 
would forbear any farther encroachment on 
the labors and duties of a more able pen, 
that 1 understand has writUn a yery acoepi- 
tble history of that town. 



The town of West Fairlee was originally a 
part of the town of Fairlee, and chartered at 
such. It was separated and set off from Fair* 
lee, in the year 1796, and called by the name 
of West Fairlee, it being the westerly part 
of said town of Fairlee. It is about 0} miles ' 
in -length and 3} miles in width, and is 
bounded northerly by Bradford, cornering 
upon Corinth ; E. by Fairlee. S. by Thetford, 
westerly by Vershire, comeriug ujK>n Straf- 
ford at its S. W. corner. At its southea<(terly 
extremity, it borders upon Fairlee Lake for 
a distance of about 3 miles, which is one of 
the most beautiful sheets of water within the 
limits of the State. The main traveled high- 
way through the town to the rail- road, winds 
around the westerly and nortlierly side of 
said lake, affording to the traveler a pictur* 
csque and enchanting view of the lake, and 
beautiful scenery around it. 

At the taking of the last census, in 1S60, 
the town contained 830 inhabitants, and has 
largely increased since in po]>ulation. Tht 
increase has been, mostly, at the village, in 
the south wetiierly part of the town, which is - 
located within IJ miles of the celebrated Ver- 
mont Copper Mines, in Vershire, where art 
employed some 300 workmen, a portion of 
whom live in the village; and nearly all the 
trade of said mince is done in this village, 
which, at the present time, and for some years 
past has rendered it an active, enterprL«ing 
business place — as much so. probably, as any 
one of its size within the State. It has 2 stores, 
1 hotel, a meeting-house, a large carriage- 
manufactory, a rake- manufactory, tannery, 
clothing-store, millinery-store, and various 
other places of business, such as shoe-manu- 
facturing, groceries, &c.; and contains at the # 
present time some 500 inhabitants, and is 
situated within about 8 miles of the Connecti- 
cut and Passumi*sic Rivers rail-road, to and 
from which there is a daily stage, affording 
good accommodations to the traveler. It in- 
tersects with the rail- road at East Thetford 
and Lyme station. The freight connects 
with the rail-road at a nearer point, being a 
distance of some 7 miles. Over this road 
nearly 300 tons are freighted monthly,—* 
very large proportion of which is copper ore, 
and the metal, including the fuel for reduo- 
ing of the-oree. 

And there is now in contemplation a rail* 



road from the mines in Ver»bir«, to intersect 
with the ConQc«ticut und Pai'taroppic Rivert 
road, A charlAr having been obtained at the 
Uf t MMion of the legiflatura. 

The curface of the town ia fomewhat nnt- 
ven, diversified with ranges of hilU and val- 
Ityi. The land in the valleyt it very ea^y of 
cultivation, and »omo of it of excellent quali- 
ty, and that upon the hills in generally good 
and very productive. 

Tlicre are i^ome excellent ))eat lands in thi> 
and the a«]joining towns, which will, in time, 
no doubt, prove to be valuable. Alrca<1y a 
company has been formed, under a charier 
from the legislature, at its *c»sion in 1867, who 
have parchafvd lands, and are about purchas- 
ing their machini-ry, and making prepara- 
tions for working it in the early Spring. 

There are three streams of water running 
through the town, vis. Blood Brook, Middle 
Brook, and Ompompanoosuc, which afford 
some very good mill privileges. Blood and 
Middle Brooks ri«e within the limits of the 
town, aud empty into Fairlce Lake. Middle 
Brook runs nearly the entire length of the 
town. Ompompanoo^uc rises in Ver»hire, 
runs through the S. W. corner of this town, 
(through the villsge), thence through Thet- 
ford, and empties into Connecticut river. 

The first town-meeting was held in said 
town Mar. 31, 1797, at the dwelling-house of 
George Bixby, pursuant to a notice issued by 
Benjamin Frissell, a justice of the peace. At 
tliis meeting Calvin Morse was elected mod- 
erator ; Asa May, town clerk ; Reuben Dick- 
inf^on, Samuel Robinson and George Bixby, 

The next meeting of the inhabitants of said 
town was holdcn May 22, 1,797, under the 
Ciill of Gov. Chittenden, for the election of a 
representative to Congress for this eaMern 
district, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
ret'ignaiion of Daniel Buck. There were 
]»resf;nt at this meeting 15 voters only, as fol- 
Ic^ws: Amos Morse, Simeon Bliss, Elnathan 
BftHset. Randall Wild, Elisha Thayer, George 
Bixby, Elisha Wild, Calvin Morse, Asa May, 
Asa Southwort)i, Reuben Dickinson, Phineas 
Child, Oliver Bas^ett, Sands Niles, Lemuel 
Soutliworth. At this meeting Uie lion. Na- 
thaniel Niles, of said town (and of whom I 
shall hereafter speak more extensively), re 
ceived tho entire vote. 

The town in its infancy, it seems, had some 
crude notions of self -defense, and contributed 

largely as they (no donbt) UiOQght,of its small 

means for this purpose, m will be teen bj 

the following roU Uken Sept. 22, 1802, (a 

meeting having been called for ihie azprest 


** Voted to raise one hundred and sixty-siz 
dollars and sixty six centa. on the list oi tlia 
pres<>nt year, of the inhabitants of said town, 
to be paid into the Treasury of said town, by 
the firrt day of December next, for the pur- 
iH>se of purchasing arms for the use of the 
Militia of said town.** 

And not only in timet of peace did tbey 

pre|>are for war, but when war came they 

were disposed to respond to the wanU of their 

soldiers, to aid and encourage them, as will 

be seen by the following vote taken at % 

meeting of the inhabitants of said town hoi- 

den Aug. 10, 1812: 

*' Voted that the town will add to the w^ 
gcs of the soldiers of the detached Militia of 
said town, such a sum as shall amount to Ten 
dollars per month, including the wages al* 
lowed by the Government of the Lnited 
Siatos — which saidjium is to be paid to each 
of snid fEoldiers that are now detached from 
the Militia in said town, for so long time at 
they shall do service in the army oi the Unit- 
ed States.'* 

And in the war of 1861, against Rebellion, 
I think it must be said of her that she hat 
acted nobly her part, faithfully and persist- 
ently fulfilling her mission. But few townt 
m the State have furnished more men accord- 
ing to the number of inhabitants, or paid 
more money according to their wealth. She 
furnished 92 soldiers in all, and seven paid 
commutation. And in order that tliey be not 
forgotten — ^but that their memory shall h% 
preserved, perpetuated and handed down for 
the benefit of those who shall live when we 
have passed away, I subjoin a list of their 
names, worthy to be written in every patriotic 
book of Vermont and the Union, and indeli* 
bly stam[>ed ujK>n the tablet of every Ameri- 
can heart, and then transmitted from tire to 
son, to generation! yet unborn 1 For who 
indeod should be remembered and have his- 
toric commemoration, if not tliose who wero 
willing to forego the comforta and pleasures 
of home — leaving behind them near and dear 
friends, and all for which at the moment oC 
the momentous call, they were toiling with 
the zest and strength of young manhood — to 
preserve and perpetuate, and transmit to pos- 
terity unimpaired, the principles upon which 
this great and glorious republic and union 
is founded. And it would not be going too 


r , 









vermoSt historical magazine. 

far if every town should ereci a monument of 
marble, upon which should be engraven their 
namen in letters of gold. And I will delight 
to at least piiy them this honor to write their 
pames and record, early in my record of thix 
tlieir native town. 

Thhee Yeabs' Me5. John S. Abbott, 
Alfred Aldrich. Almon Aldrich, Joel Aldrich, 
Alpheus R. Barber, Charles A. Barl^cr, Mills 
O. Blown, William X. Brown, Comodore W. 
Clifford, Jolham Slicrman, Charles 11. Whit- 
iie\*, Ilarvcy C. Wyman, Abner M. Buckman, 
Alfred Corey, Hugh H. Griswold, James Mc- 
Muling. Peter A. Morgan, Richard R. Perci- 
val, Reul>en C. Sherman, Solomon Ward, 
Kewton 8. Cool ey, Samuel H. Currier, At wood 

A. Dickinron. James M. Dickinson, Franklin 
J. Pouplass, Klias W. IViggw, George P. Felch, 
Gilben Fi?her, John Green, Stephen Thomas, 
George H. Whitney, George N. Bacon, Jainep 

B. Cave, Franklin J. I>ougla.*5S, Benjamin C. 
Hawley. Fre<lerick Mercy, Edward C. Palmer, 
Franklin Ruwll, Alfred Baylor. Franklin E. 
West, Charles Burroughs, S|»ear J. Titus, Wm. 
E. Johnson. Thomas Lawler, David R. Mo- 
rey. Mills M. C. Morey. Calvin Morse, Jr., 
William E. Ordway, Silas . Parker, Sullivan 
Rogers, £ra^tus B. Rowell, Wm. M. Whea- 
ton, A74iriah F. Wild, Horace D. P»lai*dell, 
Charlt-5 H. Clog«ton, George E. Dunbar. 
Henry Junkins, Wilber Moore, William H. 
Parker, Jr., Hiram Russell, Albert H. Ward, 
Geo. W. Scott. 

OxE Year's Mek. Joel A. Brown, Silas 
B. Bemis. Mills O. Brown, William Donnelly, 
Myron D. Hill, Charles H. Whiting. 

Xi5E Mo!5THs' Me!!. Silas B. Bemis, 
H<'iiry Cliurchill, Frederick- Cuirier, William 
H. Parker, Jr., Hiram Ruswll, George Terry, 
Eli.1^ W. Drigps, Albert D. Grant, Horace 
Guild. Luman V. Quimby, Ch.irles H.Sibley, 
Franklin E. West, Otis C Johnson, Lyman 
B. Merrill. Nelson A. Palmer, Franklin Rus- 
nell, Lucius E. Smith. 

Enrolled Men, who furnished suWtitntes 
— i>iroeon Hastings, Phineas Kimball, Jr.. 
Edward S. C^ooke, Edmund R. Hoyt,Snmuel 
O. Saville — making, in all, including those 
who paid commutation, 99' men, paying *o 
tome of them bounties as high as $1350, 
which with the small list the town then had, 
nade her taxes exceedingly heavy and bur- 

Aa well as soldiers, she has also the credit 
ot' famishing a Colonel and a General, both 

in the person of the Hon. Stephen Thomas, 
the present LieutenantrGovernor of the State. 
And although it is not the intention to write 
of the living, yet a passing remark in this 
connection might seem appropriate. He is, 
in the strictest sense, a self-made man, pot- 
se.<^.<ed of good native talent, an indomitable 
will, and persistent in all his undcrt.^ikings. 
In his younger years, he struggled hard with 
poverty, and his privileges for intellectual 
cultivation were exceedingly few, except what 
he gleaned by his own extra exertion. But 
he has worked his way up step by step, until 
he now hoMs the fiecond office in the gift of 
the people of his native Slate. No man hat 
struggled harder, and no man under like cir- 
cumstances has accomjdished more. And 
not only is he held in high estimation by hit 
fellow-citizens, but it is a common saying, 
that in the. field no officer was more highly 
esteemed by his soldiers. 

E-\RLT ni?T0RT. 

Among the first settlers was the Hon. Na- 
thaniel Niles, who came in about the year 
1779, and located near the center of the town, 
Uj»on what is called Middle Brook. He was 
a man of liberal education and was a proa<h- 
er of the Congregational order. He c.ime 
from Norwich, Ct. taking along with him a 
few of his acquaintances, who settled near him. 
To the«»e. with a few others who came about 
the same time, he preached for many years, 
holding raeetini»s in his own house, upon the 
place where Newcom Perry now lives, and in 
another dwelling-house u]>on Middle Brook, 
about 2 miles southerly; neither of which 
houses is now standing. He was a roan of 
great intell*-ctual attainments — noted for pu- 
rity of character and honesty of purpose, and 
his devotion to the subject of religion, al- 
though slij^htly eccentric (as we might view 
it) in some of his characteristics. 

It is said of him, that upon a certain occa- 
sion, while preaching to his little flock upon 
the Sabbath, in his own house, — in the midst 
of his sermon his wife approached him with a 
message unknown to the congregation ; — im- 
mediately thereu}>on, he remarked "that ser- 
vices would be suspended for a few moments," 
and passed into an adjoining room, put on hit 
hat and veil, passed out through the room in 
which his congregation was seated, and hived 
a swarm of bees, came back and cotnroenced 
hit discourse where be left off, and went 
through with his sermon. By his first wife, 



wlio wa« the daughter of Doctor Lathrop. of 
Con04»;ticot. he bad 4 cbildreu, viz. William. 
&.illy. Mary and Kliiabeth. 

II t« Bocond wife. KuzAiara Watmh, wan 
the dnugliWr of WilltAro Wauon, E»iq., of Tly- 
iDoutb, MaM^ and, it is »aid, wa4 one of 
the mo^t emiDeot women of New Englaod. 
distinguished for her great native talent, her 
tni-utal culture, and Wr devoted piety. It i« 
paid ef her, that she waa ajM>ociat«d in corres- 
pondence with teveral of the iao»t eminent 
pliilofophers and theologians of England, and 
that her Icttfn appear in the pubhehcd cor- 
ref }K>ndf nee of John Newton ; and a writer 
in the •• New York OWcrver," March, 1869. 
savf that be has in his po>»^<i5ion some of her 
lettt*rs, " which are models of eloquence and 
beauty, and bear the impreM of an earnest 
and devoted evangelical sjiirit." 

By her he had 5 children, namely, Nathan- 
iel. Samuel, Betney, Watson and Nancy. 

William and Wat:*on wtre raon of liberal 
olucatioo and all of them of considerable 
note in public life, and of whom 1 may here- 
afivr sjhmIc. 

Nathaniel Niles wa« the first member of 
CiMii^ress from this S^iate, rovviving. I think, 
two elections. He wa" eleot»'d Keprc-wnta- 
tive to the General Aj"^embly of the Slate in 
the years ITM, *^o. Al<o in the years ISOO, 
'01.'02'12. M3 and '14. In 17^4 he was 
ele.-lel Sj»eakeT of the House of Rej^resenta- 
livfs. aud the same year was eWted one of 
the Judges of the Supreme Court, and contin- 
ued in said office until 17*^8. He wa« cUcted 
one of the Council of Censors in 1709. In 
1701 and 1*^14 ho wa« a member of the Con- 
tiiiuiional Convention, and in 17S5, 1S03,'04, 
'0.'>, 00 and '07, was a member of the Coun- 
cil; and in 1*^03 and '13, was Presidential 
Elector from this State. Thus it will be seen 
that he had be?towed upon him, by his fel- 
low-citizens, very many ofTiocs of honor and 
tru«t. He was not only endowed with great 
'energy of mind and i»ersistent in all his pur- 
I'Oms. but attained a high reputation for in- 
tellectual attainments, purity of character 
and usefulness in life. 

Through the kindness of his friends I liave 
in my possession an Ode, composed by him 
immediately after the battle of Bunker Hill. 
It appeared in the "Connecticut Garotte," 
and •• Universal Intelligencer," in Febmary, 
1776. The words wcrt immediately set to 
music by Rev. Mr. Kipley. father of General 

Rijdey, who Isad arqaired eooM oelebntj m a 
con|>user of sacred unsic, a»d, it is sai^ 
was almost univerMilly suDg in the chnrcbea 
and leligious asr4;mbli«t of th« Eaateni and 
Northern 8ute«, and became the war- song ^ 
of New-England soldiera. For the benefit 
of tho>e who may have the cnrioeity to pe- 
ruse it, I here subjoin the Od«: 


Wbr «ImhiI4 vain axirtid* IrmU* at tiM tlflrt «f 
thmiU BTid dtMilmrliua in tlM» AeM «r WitK 
Wbrre I IihkI Ba<| cmmfy riv'b* IW srowU-ia 
9i»ttniliiig in df^tbgrriMMl 

DMik will invade m hj llie MrM 
And «e miut all \ntw tu tk« Kln^ ofT 
Ni«r BTu 1 «u\li'Ua, if I am |«rrt«rr4| 
What »li»|N» ba com<« te. 

Infltiltr CtMMliNihia iMcLra u» tabinlMlea, 
Bida a« b^ <|iii«i nthU-r all h{« ilmlinfi— 
9 vv«-r r^iilainf^ \ml luravar praialaf 
Oud,our Crralfvl 

WHl may we pral-r bim. ^1 bia nj* ara ptvfwt, 
Thoiigli a rr^iJritJriM » iiiiuiirly flowkig, 
t>ajtxlr« In glory un tl>r iii|[l*t of Mmclak, 
Firiirk liliud liy la^lra. 

Clo,4 i« Jfhtwnli io lM*«luwiii(; «aD«biB«!, 
Nor |«-«« M* f^*,ht,-*it Id IIh- •t<>rni and lb«ader; 
Mrrrit-v and ju'lcin^nK IhiIU pnn^ ai l frow kitt<lD««a,— 
Infinite kindurva! 

O, tbrii evnlt thnt GoiJ forrrrr ivipiatb! 
rioitJ«, whirb arunud blm hiod^ Mir pvrrrplioa. 
Bind «• Die ptrou»;<*r to e&att bb nama^ aW 
Phont loiitlrr hl« i»rai*ra. 

Tb^n to tbe wi«<loin nf mr V*ri and Maafrr , 
I will CMiniit all llml I bare or wi«b Inr; * 
Sweetly aa bal**^ klt^p will I gir» ny Ufo «|s 
ll^lten called to yield it. 

Xnw. Mara, 1 lUrtt ih««, rUd in rmoky jdllara 
nui>tini; from t>o«ilr«l»««ll«>-riMirinf frMa canoos-* 
Rattling in in*ir»e-»h.»t. lika a alimn of bail-atiiDca,— 
T«»rtnrin|; eiherl 

rp the Mark heaven* hpt the fi|>re-tdin|r lUmea ri««v 
Bre.tkiuc. like .Kiita, tbrnu^rb tlie ••Mnky cotamns, 
Lowering likf R^cvpt, o'er tba Calliai: City, 
Wantonly t>Qrut down. 

While all their lie^rta quirk |«1|>itata fur baroe, 
Lti »lfp yotir l>I«K>d.bunn l«. nanieil the Brltkib Lloos^ 
DanotloM Vrnth ftarm, nimlda aa tba vbirlwiml, 
Drendful aa demonal 

Let oraan waft fra all your loatinic eMitlaa, 
Fravfbt with de»tnit-ti(*ii, b<NTlble to Natwv! 
Then, with yovr Mil* filled l*y ft atura of wnfnaiies^ 
Hear down to liattla] 

From th« dire eareni<i, made bj gbniitly inloara, 
Let tb» ex plMlon— dreadful m yokmnoea - 
Bmn the broad town, witb all ha waaltb and paopl^ 
Qakk to daatmetioal 

• PaMl^h#d atMt, wItb Mnfraphleal not^ fa tbo 1^ 
▼laad Poat« and Puatrjr of Tarmont.— Etf. 







8tUI Bball tlM bttoaer of lb* King of IImtm 
X«ver MlTftoc* wbereTn •tnid to lullow: 
Wbil« that pnctdf ne, with aa open bo«om. 

War, I dciy tbMl 
FaM« and daar Frvedom lar« me oa to battle; 
Vbila a fell deapot, f rimmar tban a death's head, 
Stingt roe eitb wrp^Dta, flercer tbao Medvea, 

To the eoconDter. 

Life for raj OoiiRtry and the caute of Freedom 
la bat a trifle for a worm to part with ; 
And, if preserred In so (reat a conteet, 
Lile ia redoobled. 

He olo0ed hin long, useful, erentful and hon- 
ored life on earth November, 1828. at tlie ad- 
vanced age of 87 jeara, in humble trust of a 
higher life bejoud this sphere of action. 

A massive granite monument was erected 
over his grave, in the comctcij at the centre 
of the town, bj CoL Blislia Maj, (who has been 
a prominent, leading business citizen of the 
townX under the direction and at the expense 
of his son, the Hon. Nathaniel Niles (who is 
DOW his only surviving child), and who was 

who, bj the wuj, was a jonng ladj of reiy 
prepossessing appearance. The disease was of 
tliat nature which required bleeding, and ** Law- 
jer Billj** was requested to assist in the oper. 
ation, but told the older doctor, upon his return, 
that if the profession of medicine required the 
taking of blood from such angels* arms as hen, 
that l»e would abandon the profession, and did 
so from that date. 

Upon another occasion, it is said of him. that 
while in college it was his custom to teach a 
district school in the winter season : and that 
upon liis waj to his school one morning, in oom- 
panj with his father, upon separating at the 
corner of roads, where stood an ancient guide- 
post he called aAer the old gentleman, and in- 
quired of him if he knew what those guide-posts 
were like? The old man gave it up ; snid he: 
*'F8ther, thej ore like joo priests I alwajt 
pointing the way, but never goJ* 


was the first inhab'tant who settled in the east 

then Consul or charge to Sardmia ; and since, ] p^rt of the town. He came from Connecticut, 
Acting Plenipotentiary at Vienna, Au.'itria, and ^ j^^^ ^^^ ^an be ascerUined, about the year 

also Secretary of Legation to the court of St. 
James, under Gen. Cass, lie is a man pos-sess- 
ing large native talent, good intellectual attain- 
ments, and highly honored, as will be sei^n by 
the distinguished positions which he has occu- 


another son of the ITon. Nathaniel Niles, Sen., 
graduated at DartnH>uth College, N. II., and by 
profession was a lawyer; altliough he did not 
follow this profession for any great length of 
time, having about him certain characteristics 
ood traits that were not particularly adapted to 
this calling. 

It is said of him, that upon one occasion, 
afler having gone through with a labored argu- 
ment, the court made the inquiry of him to learn 
whether he was for the plahitiiT or defence, as 
It was impossible to tell by his argument. He 
held the olBce of probate register in this district 
some 15 or more years, under the Hon. Elisha 
Thayer ; and wa«» a member of the Constitution- 
al convention in 1836. He was a man of con- 
•idorable native talent, — quite apt in many of 
bis remarks, and exceedingly eccentric in some 
of bit traits of character, and commonly went 
hj the name of ** L-iwyer Billy.** Alter he had 
completed hit collegiate course, he commenced 
th« itndy of medicine with doctor Smith, at 
Hanover, N. H. And upon one occasion he 

1778, and settled upon Blood Brook, and from 
whom said brook derived its name. 


was an csrly settler in said town. He came 
with (or about tlie same time) the Hon. Nathan- 
iel Nile?, atid located at the Centre. His an- 
cestry is traced to those who caroe over in the 
May Flower, and landed upon Plymouth Rock. 
He wa^ during his active years in life, a prom- 
inent man, celebrated for his integrity and hon- 
esty of purpose, and filled very many places of 
honor and trust. He held the office of judge 
of the probate court for this district 17 years in 
succession. He was elected tovm clerk of atid 
town in the year 1800, and continued to hold 
said office 47 years in succession, until he was 
incapacitated by old age ; and during nearly all 
c^ said term of time he held the office of town 
treasurer. He was elected a member of the gen- 
eral assembly in the years 1803 to 1811, indu- 
sive, and 1816, '18, '21, '25 and '26, and held va- 
rious other town officet. 

The public had the most implicit confidence 
in his integrity and honesty of purpose, and in 
his ability to faithAitly execute and discharge 
the duties of any office bestowed upon him, or 
any tru5t committed to bis charge. He lived 
a long and useful life, and died at the advanced 
age of 87 years, and went down to his grave, 
as can be said of but few, " honored in life, and 

went with the Doctor to visit a patienti and | lamanted by all la death.** 




came about the tame t;me of the Hoa EUaha 
Th.iyor, from Connectictit, and located * upon 
Middle Brook, south of the centre of the town. 
! !c was the first cou5Uiblo elected in said town, 
atid held many prominent oAces afterwards.— 
Ho hsxB a ^D now living bj the name of Calrin, 
who hns lived upon the same spot where his 
father first settled, for 73 jears — probablj long- 
er than any other man in town bat lived upon 
anjr one place. 

Nathan Avery was the first male child born 
m town. 


who it now livin;;, is ihe second male child bora 
in town. IIo is a nephew of the Hon. Xathan- 
icl NileSf and is now S3 years of a-re. Tie has 
been an energetic and able man in his active 
years — ^having far a !ong time followed the bu- 
siness of sun-eying, and it a proficient in Uie 
business. IIo hns held many important town 
ofHa^s, and is a strong minded man, noted for 
his inq'iisllivencss npon all subjecu, and ex- 
ceedingly firm and unchangeable in all his con- 

The flrit man who died in town since itt or- 
ganiz-ition, was one Aspinwall ; and the oldest 
man living in town is Samuel Dodge, who was 
bom in 1777. making him 91 years of age.— 
T))o next oldest man is Cipt. Phineat Kiro- 
b.\ll, who was bom in Cliarlestown, X. H., No- 
vember 17, 1780, and moved into town in the 
year 1801. and located in the S. "W. part, where 
the village now stands. Ho now resides upon 
the same place where he first located, living 
npon the same Sjfot C7 yoirt. There were but 
llireo or fo'ir families in the west part of the 
town when he came In 1814 he was lieuten- 
ant in a Light Infaritry Company ; and, upon 
l>einij ordered out to the battle of PlatUburg, 
within less thin 24 hours from the time of re- 
ceiving orders he had his company warned out 
and marched as fir as Montpelier, where the 
newp of victory reached them. He is the only 
person living in the west part of the town, 
(and p'ohablr the only one in town) who was 
hends of a famiy at the time he camo here. — 
Re is now 88 years of age — ^lias always been a 
hard laboring, industrious and good citizen, 
a id is p<»ssessed of good strength of body and 
mind for a man of his ad v meed ycart. 


was the first innkeeper and first postmaster 
in town. lie came in 1827, and commenced 
keeping public house in 1828, and continued 

in the tame basinets for 90 years in tneowtion, 
npoD the tame tpoC wbcrt be ooraaeooed^ 
and daring thit time he bdd the oOoo of pott- 
matter 29 yeariL From information obtaiiied 
from him, hit first quarterly retam amoonted 
to only $1,50 ; whereas^ at the protcnt UnM^ 
the tame oflioe yieldt an income of abool 
$120 quarterly, to tbe pottmatter. Ho it 
now 7? yeara of age, and liat retired finom bo* 

The towns of West Fairlee and Fairkw were 
allowed to tend bat one representative to the 
general atsembly prior to the year 1823— hold- 
ing their fk«emen*t meetings ti West Fairlee 
and Fablee, alternately. Samuel Gravet was 
the first representative elected, after it became 
an independent town, in the year 1813. The 
first clerk elected in taid town wat Ata Maj, 
who was elected In 1797, holding the oflioe 3 
years* In the year 1 800 the Hon. Elisha Thaj- 
er was elected, and held the office 47 years, at 
Itefore stated— since which time^ Alvah Beaa« 
the present incumbent, has hold the office 23 
years — making 8 clerks, only, that the town 
has hnd since its organization. 

Tlie following is a list of the citizens of said 
town who have held important civil offices in 
town and State, with the number of their 
elections : 

LicuTEKAKT Go\TK50E. General Stephen 
Tlioraas. 18G7, 1868. 

Membre or CoxGKEss. Hon. Nathaniel 
Niles, 1791— '94. 

CorxciL OP Censors. Hon. Nathaniel 
Niles, 1799. 

Member op Cou5aL. Hon. Nathaniel 
Niles, 17S5. '87. 1803. '04, '05, W. 

Members or Constitutxo5al Cosvektiov. 
Hon. Nathaniel Niles. 1791. 1814. Isaac 
Lyon. Esq., 1828. William Niles, Esq., 1836. 
Gen. Stephen Thomas. 1843, *50. 

' Electors or President akd Vice Prei- 
IDEXT. Hon. Nathaniel Nilet, 1803, *13. 

Jui>OES OP Supreme C^crt. Hon. Na- 
thaniel Niles, 1784— '87. 

Judges or Probate. Elisha Thayer, from 
J807— 23. Stephen Thomas, 1847— •49.— 
Alvah Bean. 1859, '60. 

Beoisters or Probate. William Nilet, 
1807—21. Stephen Thomas, 1842— '46. Al- 
vah Bean. 1863. '54, '58. 1861— '68. 

State Senators. Stephen Tliomas, 1849, 
1850. Alvah Bean, 1862/63. 

Speaker op tbe House op Hbpresest- 
AnvBS. Hon. Nathaniel Nilet, 1784. 










■M ^P^W W^^J. 

i m i a i w i,. 



BLY OF THE StATB. Israel Mor^, 1797. Sam- 
nel Smith, 1798. '99, 1808. Nathaniel Niles, 
1800— '02. 1812— 74. Elisha Thayer, 1803 
—1807. 1809— ll. '16— '18. '21, '25, '26.— 
Asa May. 1815. Solomon Mann, 1819. '20. 
•22. Samuel Graves. 1823, •24. Isaac Lyon, 
1827. •28. Jabcx Lamphere. 1829— '31. Wil- 
liam L. Churchill. 1832. Phinoas Kimball. 
1833. '34. George May. 1836. '37, •41. Ste- 
phen Thomas, 1838. '39. •45. '46. '60. •61, Da- 
vid Robin!«on. 1840. EliPha May. 1842. '44. 
J. K Slay ton. 1847. Alvah Bean. 1848. '49. 
•53. '54. J. P. Southworth. 1850, '51. Jared 
Buziell. 1852. JoJ=eph H. Quimhy. 1855— '57. 
Thomas Bond. 1858. '59. Simeon Hastingp. 
1862. •63. William Kimball. 1564, '65. Benj. 
Niles. 18C6. Gorham Bigelow, 1S67, •68. 

I flm told by inhabitants who have lived in 
toirn longer than the writer, that a most mar- 
velous freak of nature occurred on the night 
of the 31 St of August, 1825, wuii*h may be 
worthy of notice here. 

A disastrous tornado, or (as the inhabitants 
caD it), whirlwind, swept over this section the 
niglit above stated. It commenced in Straflbrd. 
running easterly to Connecticut River. Its 
mean width was about 125 rois. It pnss<>d 
through here about 11 o'clock. The night was 
dark beyond description. Jt was accompanied 
with tcrriffic thunder and hideous lightning, 
unroofing buildings, and in some instances shat- 
tering them in a thousand pieces, and leveling 
forests to the ground wherever it traveled. 

It passed through a wood-lot belonging to 
Capt. Phineas Kimball, uprooting and entirely 
leveling some 100 acres or more, and carried 
large trees, entire, torn up by the roots, for a 
distance of 100 rods. 

In one instance it took the roof from a dwell- 
ing house, in which two children were sleeping 
in the chamber, carrying the children and bed 
a distance of some 10 rods, and lefl them un- 

In another case the dwelling was entirely 
destroyed, burying the mother and a small child 
In her arms, in its mlnn. They were immediate- 
ly extricated, but the mother died. The roof 
was torn fVom the boose and barn of I>av1d 
Robinion. who lives on the bin east of the vQ- 
lage, and It laid waste for him tome 15 acres of 
timber-land. He fbond lodged in a tree npon 
bii fiirro, a lady'i dress, whieb was recognised 
as having been brought a distance of 5 miles. 
It waf a loeiM hideout and terrible to all who 

witnessed it, and one that will not be effaced 
fh>m their memories while life lasts. 

According to tradition, an adventurer (whoAs 
nauM is unknown to the writer) started from 
the mouth of Connecticut River, long bt'foi^ 
Vermont was settled by white people, and in 
process of time he readied whf^t is now calM 
Fairlee. He started west ^-iih a few Indians 
(whom he supposed friondly). to s<*e the bcaMti- 
ful sheet of water before referred to. *• F.-tirW 
Lake," actme two or three mi!es distant and to 
aid them in catching beaver, upon the wejit i^ide, 
near midway of the Lake, which is now We^t 
Fairh^ For tome reasons ho imngincd that 
his Indian friends were about to prove t reach* 
erous to him, on account of a purse of gold 
which lie had about his person. He succeodcd 
in gett'ng away from them — t-nking nearly a 
westerly course, crojwing Middle Brook — and 
becoming thirsty, stopped at a spring near said 
brook, and near the now traveled ro:\d, to 
quench his thirst. Ho buried liii* gold there in 
a bank near the spring, and then made \m way, 
AS best he could, through the dense forest tow- 
ard the setting Sun. 

Tlie Indians followed and captured him before 
ho had proceeded far ; and, after torturine him 
according to their mode of t<»rture, to draw from 
biro the locality where he had depositt'd his 
treasure, they put him to death — which, prob- 
ably, was the first death of a white person in 

About 60 years ago. two men came a lonij 
disunce to seardi for this same gold. Tlioy 
found what they supposed to bt» the spring re- 
ferred to ; but I am not advi^^ed that any one 
has any knowledge of the discovery of the gold. 


There is quite a large masonic organization in 
town, composed of members principally in ibe 
towns of Thetford, Vershire and West Fairlee. 
which has been built up within a very sliort 
space of time. It was chartered In Jan«:ary, 
1863. and now numbers some 150 members. 

They have a convenient and beautiful hall in 
the village, which is nicely furnished, altlioujjh 
not as large as the wants of the organization in 
its present flourishing condition might seem to 

ST 1>BA. e. M. aOtSROOK. 

Among the first settlers of this town there 

WM a strong religious element The sanctiflca- 

tion of tha Sabbath, and the worship of God 

I vara regarded as of paramount importance; 





Mid •Miij Otf« was ukett for U»« 113^1 aad 
•p;ricua] iDtoixita of tb« cooiiDaoitj. For • 
loog tin)* lb« inhsbiUnU wcr* fev, aod frvn^ 
rallj poor, unable to buil4 a bouar of vonUiip. 
or fupport a p^Mor. But Utia deflci«ucj ima 
{anioiW ffQppIiod bj oq« of their own na'nbrr. 
lion. Xrftluintel St\e* fur manj jear* hoU rcHf- 
iuui m4^ctio;:t lo hU owa bouw, aiid in oclier 
pn' ate dvel!in?« and barn% aa would be«t ac- 
c\>min Hjite tbrxie who were iotcmiti'd ra ait 
»«:nMing fur woTBhip. 

Jiil^'e Nih*«s aa be was Cimiltarlr called, 
wi l«'lr known aa a Ptat^-^ and polHicUn, 
wv a Jf<Md«»d nirirtim of the puriuanic «ti«inp. 
lie b^^n odiKMtod for the roiniMrr. and 
w:i^ io raaay r<f»|»octi, admira^lj qaa1ifl«Hl to 
bo a tcai'lHf aiid 1«^'T of the p<-op)e. ]]« was 
a ««>und thcolopan and an aMe prracber. Hia 
lui'iiMorial iKTvicea we?e f^tuitoua. Thor© 
w:w no ccclc^ a^f ic:d or g^i nit. it ion in the pUce 
durit-j; bin miniatry. 

TKe Ami incc»linir-hoii«e wna hu It in 1811. — 
n.e rorr.TOjr.itioujl dnirch m a<i orjran>z/Mi IX"C. 
\9. lht»9. bj Rcr. Jo-vph FuIKt, of Ve'Tiliire, 
c^n«i«iiig of *ix mwnbern. For the fir^ 12 
xount the cliUffh wa-* wit'^out a pinior, l>nt 
rt^'ihrlr maiiitninod puMic womliip on the 
Sj» .^ath. Klihha Wild mid SoKmion Bli.M were 
tli*» fin»t d»»acori^. 

R«r. Joffi'jfli Tr.icr wa« the first FottliHl rain- 
wt'^r. lie wa«* orilain«>d June 2C, 18'il. Rer. 
Mr. Povvi-ra preaHvl the aerinon. Mr. Tracy 
wv an a^le proac'ier and f.iithful p.)!>tor. and 
jjT'atJr en(lcar*d himself to the people. After 
a tu c'^jsful |»;i»t »r«!e of 7 years he wa* dinmiss- 
<*J at hi." own rf-'^no^r, and beoame editor of tlie 
'•Vermont Chronicle." 

From 1 829 to 1 8.'. 1 the pulpit was supplied by 
R( V. T. W. Pmiain. In 1831 tliere was a re- 
markahle relijirious awakonintr, from the fruits 
(f which 86 were added to the church. Pan Blodgett, the second pastor, was 
inj^talk-d Marc-h 26. 18S3. Mr. Blo-lgett was a.i 
f<iTL{.H preacher and an affectionate pastor. — 
H" wa* di^mi^fled ^pt 3. 1840. 

n«v. (*barlc'4 Boswell was orda!ned and in* 
«»iU-«J as pastor of the church Dec. 19. 1840. 
Hf was ekriK-slly devoted lo the work of the 
^'ir.wrT, and inaiiy were hojiefullj brought unto 
('i<rSt thMugh liif iniitruroentality. TIo wan 
<li"*m;.sed for want of aupport, Not. 21, 1849. 
^•tr Mr. Bosweira diflmisaioii, Her. Daniel 
PuUSi'T preached 8 jtMTt. 

Tlie present house of worBhip waa erected in 

'^^< Rer. 8oloa Martin waa Installed as pas- 

I4ir. Atu;. U, IMS. la 18S8 tbeiv vas a 
ral reriral. and large addjtiooa were OM^e lo the 
cliurch. He rmained with tbedrarditjeafs; 
wHeo, opon ree-iriof aa nrgcvl call 
other pariah, at hiaowo r e qu est be wat 

Preoi 1 %C\ there hare boea so o ceasire tern* 
porarjr supplies frota Rer a. Caaq»bcll, Rojoa» 
Baldwin aa I Barbovr. 

Since 186< Ber. Solon Martin baa officiated 
as acting pastor, and ia the prveent incumbent 
The la<t two ye.irs hare been a period of proa- 
p-.^ritr to the church. About 40 bare been add- 
ed to the memb^-nliip. The whole number 
coiint'cti'd with the church from its organlsati 
if 401 — present nuroUr, )2ft. 



[romi-ih-d from " Historr of the Cooa 
Co'-jntry." l»y K«*v. CSrant rowers; Thomp- 
* "n's (ia7«iitt:r : D«iuini»; Pa|H»rji from Town 
<'l-rk'» orti.»»; Papfn* iVom tne Hon. Jud.;e 
rii'l^-rwc^tf-l. ol \\Vl!< River, and other sources 
a* kuowltdjii-d in thej»aj»er«. — K<L] 

Tliij* township lif* within lat. 44*. 6', and 
long, 4^»*, .*»2': bound»-d N. by Ryegate, E by 
<'onn»^tiout river, wparating it from Haver- 
h.n. N. 11.. S. by Bradford, and W. by TojO- 
ham, '27 miles easterly from Montj«elior, and 
17 northi^a^trrlr from Windsor; the area S 
inihs on the river by G. Along the Connec- 
ticut river, which girds the ca«tern boundary, 
are some of the finest tracts of interval in 
thf* Slate. The meadows are Ox Bow mead- 
ow, rall'Ml also The Great Ox Bow, contain- 
ing ii"/) acres, and Cow M«*adow, in the 
hend of the Connecticut, Musqu:t«h Meadow, 
Houth of t):e mouth of Harriman*s brook, 
the Up|K;r Mea'low in the north p.>rt of the 
town'^liip, containing about 300 acn-s. Sleep- 
ier'* Meadow of 160 acr«9. named after the 
fl^^t settlt^r in the town, wlio locate] here, 
Kent's Meadow, containing about 2'K) acrm, 
where Col. l)«aac Kent, the first town clerk 
Mtih^, Hairs Meadow of 250 acn^i, named 
after its fir«t settler. Jacob Hall, and Mns- 
qua«h Meadow, which retained its Indian 
name, where Thomas Chamberlain first set- 
tled and where the fin>t white son was bora, 
to Newbury, This town might not have been 
inaj>proj»riately c.>lled The L.%nd of Meadows 
Wells river crosses the N. K. comer, affording 
some good mill- sites, and Harrlman*s brook, 
which rises in Harriroan pond. Hows throngh 
Newbury village into the Connecticnt rivsr 




and HalPs brook, the outlet of Hall's pond. 
ruDs through the fouth* part into Bradford, 
where it empties into the Connecticut. Both 
brooks are very good mill-streams, and upon 
Harriman's brook, northward of the village, 
at a little distance, is a mineral spring of con- 
Mderable long-standing notoriety. There are 
several other Mmilar springs in different parts 
of the township. The scenery with its broad 
and rich meadows upon the Connecticut, and 
old Newbury village upon a handsome plat- 
eau or table land, with horizon of distant 
mountains, is particularly agreeable to the 
eye of the traveler. ' In land and water and 
il9 pKas'ing make-up by the beneScent Crea- 
tor, it has been particularly blessed. This 
goodly town has Uie following history : 

1700. — Tliere was at tbis time no settlement 
on the Connecticut river above No. 4 (Charles 
town) and but three towns in the valley of 
the Connecticut south of Charlcstown, within 
the limits of New Hampshire, viz. Fort 
Duramer, Westmoreland and Walpole: and 
these towns, which with the exception of 
Walpole, were settled by men from Massachu- 
setts, it was supposed the north line of the 
State of Massachusetts would include. Dum- 
mcrston and No. 4, were garrisoned, also, at 
this time for the protection of the settlers 
against tlie Indians of Canada. 

1752. Gov. Denning Wentworth was first 
sustained this year by the Assembly of New 
Hampshire, in adopting measures to secure to 
the Colony of New Hami>shire that tract of 
tho rich meadows of Coos on l>oth sides of the 
Connecticut river above No. 4, (now Charles- 

The first design was to cut a road from No. 
4 to the Coos meadows and lay out two town- 
ships opposite, on each side of the river, 
where Haverhill and Newbury now are. The 
plan was to inclose 15 acres and in the center 

erect a citadel with granaries and public 
buildings large enough to house the settlers, 
their families and household effects in times 
of danger. A court of judicature and other 
civil privileges was to be established and 
they were to be under strict military disci- 
pline and protection, and a party was sent 
up in the Spring of this year to lay out the 
two townships. This party proceeded as far 
as No. 4, but it it doubtful whether Uiey 
proceeded further. The enterprise was bro- 
ken up by the remonstrance of the St Fran- 
cii Indians who bad a daim to these mead- 

ows and came to No. 4 and made their pro- 
hibition and threats. No report was made by 
this party. It was in the Spring of this year, 
John Stark (afterwards General), Amos East- 
man, Daniel Stinson and William Stark, while 
hunting in the town of Rumney, were cap- 
tured by a party of 10 Indians, Stinson was 
killed and John Stark and Eastman taken 
prisoners and carried to Canada directly 
through the Coos meadows, of which they 
gave an excellent account upon their return 
from captivity, the following Summer — 1752 
Whereupon the Governor and General Court 
of New Hampshire, expectant of the renewal 
of the French and Indian War, and that the 
French would be desirous of taking the Coos 

country for a military post, decided to 

send a company, who from No. 4 should fol- 
low the trail of the Indians by the way that 
they had conducted their prisoners ; and in 
the Spring of 1754, Col. Lovewell, Major Tol- 
ford and Capt. Page were sent out with an 
exploring party, John Stark, guide. The 
parly left Concord the 10th ; the 17th, reached 
the Connecticut river at Picrmont, where 
they spent but one night in the valley 
and beat a hasty retreat, probably fearing 
the Indians, and reached Concord the 23d. 
This tract is called, under date, in the 
life of Stark, ''the hitherto undiscovered 
country." The government sent out another 
company of explorers under Capt. Powers, this 
same season. There was never any ofHcial 
report, however, made of the same, but by a 
diary of Capt. Peter Powers, from which 
Rev. Grant Powers in " The History of the 
(^)os Country," quit« extensively quote?, it 
appears this company, conducted by Captiin 
Powers, Lieut James Stevens and Ensign 
Ephraim Hale, left Concord June, 1754, Sat- 
urday, June 22d, we find them between Ba- 
ker's river and Connecticut river, near the first 

Indian carrying-place mentioned in the jour- 
nal. June 23d, they " marched up this river 
and came to the Indian carrying5>lace." and 
were obliged to follow the way marked by 
Capt. Tolford and others, from Baker's river 
to Connecticut river." "This day's march wu 
about 6 miles." " Detained by rain in camp, 
Jnne 24th," ••25th day. marched along the 
marked way about 2 miles, stored north 12* 
about 12 miles, and reached Moore Meadow* 
•• Steered up the river by the intervale about 

r Mr. Powers, to U ths mmAam ci 

* Tbonght. br Mr. Pcmrn, 
Malor U«rrttl, li 





sortheast and eam* to s Urgts iitr«ain from 
the «a»t . CAinped ber« thii oight'* ** There 
are on this river the beft (alU for milK noar- 
Ij :^) fret perjieodicular.** 

Juii« 26. '* Marched up the intervale to 
the greAt turn of clear intervale, which ia 
the ujtpermott part of tl;e clear int4;rvale, on 
th« westerly »ide of Connecticut river." The 
uTt-At Ox Bow on the wiitt Mdo of the Coo- 
occticut river, now in Newbury, and the Lit- 
tle Ox Bow, now in Haverhill, on the ea^t 
»iJe of the river, were both cleared intervale 
wheQ the 6nft Indian captiven were carried 
through them and were evidently old and 
favoriitt Indian camping-ground*, which had 
ItreQ cultivated to pome extent by the Indian*. 

June 27th. *' Some of our men went up 
ilic river AmonooHOck'* • • • '• dimrovercsd 
excellent land and a considerable quantity of 
large white pinee." 

I'Mh. *• Marched, after we left the river, 
about 10 milcfl'* • ♦ ♦ •• exceedingly good up- 
lau'l, »ome (quantity of white pine, not thick, 
hut iioiue fit fur mast*.'* 

June 30th. The party had proceeded fo 
far as Lanoaiit^rr and camped by a river which 
they named Powers river, but which ia now 
known an Inrael'* river. Tlicy bad aUo named 
another river to which they had come in their 
march lhi> day, Stark't river, after John Stark, 
an<] which i^ now called JohnV nver. Here 
tley rested one duy, during which Captain 
Towers, with two of his men, j»enetratod about 
b nuWs further up the river where they came 
U]>on a large Indian camping- place.* where 
ihc Indiana had made canoc5 and had not 
tviJ' uily been gone ** above one or two day* 
at iat»!*t." They returned, and their provii- 
u*n!> being well nigh exj^ended, i^tarted upon 
xli-AT return to Concord the next morning. 

July 4th. They are upon their march 
homeward. Mr. Power* remarks — *' Thif* wa« 
the day on which the delegates from «x of the 
c^'loaifc* signed at Albany articlei* of Union 
for mutual government and defense, antici- 
jatiug the renewal of war between France 
and England,, •• exactly 22 year* before the 
Declaration of American Inde|«endence. 

Joly 5th. ** Marched about 3 milet to 
our packs at Amonoosuck, the tame coarse 
^« had iteered heretofore; and afterward 
went over Connecticut river and looked up 
WtUs river, and camped a little below the 

* At |«M*at. KorthmtytrlaiiC 

rivar this night** — ** at the wei^t end of tb« 
bridge, perba|<« leadin-^ from Haverbill to 
WelU river,*' aaya Mr. Powert, 

July 6th. ** Marched down the great river 
to Great Coo#, and cro>KHl the rrver below 
the grMt turn of clear interval,** ** there left 
the river ; st^.'cred K>uth by cA^t about 3 miles 
and camfM^i. Here waa the best of upland 
and K«me qoantity of large pinen,** when Mr. 
Power* thiuka they ** cros^>Krd into Haverhill 
from the Dow farm** "with hostile Indians 
pre>::iug hard in their rear, who by the 13th 
of August were at Bakeratown, killing and 
taking cipvive the inhabitanta. **And frOia 
this time to the British conquest of Quebec, 
175^. no further efforts were made for th# 
settlementofUie Connecticut valley until 1761. 

1701. The.'e U'ing no longer any fear of 
the French and Indiana, the spirit of emigra- 
tion from C-onuectirut, Ma«5achusetta and 
New Hampshire " surptf^:^ all that bad been 
before wiiut-.sscd. This year 78 townships 
were granted in the Connecticut valley, 60 
on tlie w«^t ^ide of tlie river, and 18 on lbs 
ea^t. "Tlie continual pacing of troop through 
tiiif valley during the war.cau^^ed their valos 
to be known." Col. Jjcob Bailey, of New- 
bury. M.a>s., and Capt. John Hazen, of Ha- 
verhill. Mass., who for ^ervicex in the French 
war had been proiuir^ed a charter of a town* 
hhi]) each, in the Couti, on condition thatUie/ 
would themscl ves commence settlements there- 
on, deiermined to act in conjunction, and la/ 
out their towustii|i8 one on the east and the 
other on the west side of the rivor, oppo^'ite. 
]>ail<-y not Inking able to leave bis affairs 
in MaH>.vhu eits as early as Haxeo, it was 
agriH^d Hazen should go on and make tho 
lir^t settlement on the New Hampshire sidt 
of the river — that is. u[*on the e.vt side, and 
Bailey should follow and commence on tha 
we^t Hide as soon as h'e could arrange his af- 
fairs to that effect. This Summer, (1761), 
Capt. Haz*-n sent on two men, Michael John- 
son and John Pettee, with his cattle, who 
took |»oshe^^ion of tlie Little Ox Bow, and 
thus commenced the settlement of HaverhilL 

1762. The first settlement was commenced 
in March, this year, by one Samuel Sle«jier. 
He had reached Charle«town with his Camil/ 
and was looking out for a way to get on 
through tha wilder noss from there to New* 
bury, when ha fell in with a Mr. Qlaziar 
Wheeler and bit brother from Shutesburj, 
Mass., who bad come up on a hunt, and hired 



Wb«eler to Uk« Uiem opoD his sled to New- 1 the CaDa^lat and the shores of the Atlantic; 

and while tliis was retained, it was the Ve? 

that opened the door to. or shut it againj*t 
the most direct communication between the 
colonies and the Canadas; and, what was 
more than all to the Indians, it was their 
fathers' sepnlchre." 

But the power of the St Francis tribe, to 
which these Indians belonged had Wcu 
broken by the prowess of Rogers, and they 
dwelt amicably by the settlers. 

In the Sjtring of this year, ITazen, himself, 
came to settle, bringing with him hand.« and 
materials to erect a grist and saw-roill, which 
was speedily accomplished and was a< gr<'At 
an accommodation to the settlors at Newbury 
as to those of Ilaverhill 

The first while person buried on the Great 
Ox Bow was a roan by the name of Poole, 
one of the settlers at Haverhill, who was 
drowned a mile above the Narrows in Con- 
necticut River, above Wells River. Glazi<rr 
Wheeler and his 5on found the body, a w^ek 
after, and it was brought down and interred 
in Newbury. The name of this roan was 
conferred uj»on the stream known to this day 
a? Poole brook. He had but one child, a 
daughter, who married John Johnson of New- 
bury, and was afterward drowned in the 
Connecticut, near the spot where her father 
was buried. 

Tlionias Johnson, born in Haverhill. Ma^? . 
March 22. 1742, came into the settlement, in 
the service of Gen. Bailey, this year; but 
boarded the first season with the family of 
Uriah Morse, on the east side of the river. 
His first purchase in Newbury bears date 
Oct 6, 170a. 

1 763— "The year of Charters."— The event- 
ful day to these two townships of the be.siow- 
ment of their charters, bears date March IS. 
1763; the two proprietors having named 
their respective townships, — the one on the 
east side of the river, Haverhill, and the 

bury. Thomas and Richard Chamberlain, 
two men and their families, who came on in 
the interest of one Oliver Willard. of North- 
field, Mass., were the next settlers. Thoma.* 
and Richard Cliamberlain both settled on 
Musquuuh Mcatiow. Tlioraas, who came on 
first, (Mrttled to the south of the Great Ox Bow. 
Richard landed at the ferry with his family 
about noon, and the same day a shanty was 
put up which served for a house about 3 
months. In the center stood a large stump, 
for a table. He built a better house near the 
river into which they removed from here. 

The opposition of Mr. Willard to Bailey 
and Hazen was violent in its threats, for a 
time, but Bailey and Hazen were united in 
tlicir petition fur grants, in favor with the 
governor, and had taken prior jiosscss-ion ; 
Willard threatened flogging, in particular for 
Hazon, if he could catch him out of the set- 
tlement, and thef>e two men meeting after- 
ward at No. 4, Hazen attem]»ted to carry out 
his threat, when he caught a flogging him 
self that 4)uite terminatKl the matter. 

John Haz^'lton also moved into Newbury, 
and had a daughter born here this year — the 
first English child burn in this town. This 
child, Betsey (Hazelton) LoveWfU, waM living 
a widow, in Haverhill, in her 77th year, in 
1841. The first male child was a son to 
Thomas Chamberlain, who was named, in 
honor of General Bailey. Jacob Bailey Cham- 
berlain, and the parents received the 100 acre.^ 
of land promised to the mother of the fim 
fon born in town 

Glazier Wheeler also settled in Ncwbur}* 
this year. 

These first settlers, as has been before stated, 
found the Little Ox Bow and the Great Ox 
Bow, both** cleared intervale,*'— " the hills 
swarded over/* and a *'tall wild grass** so 
Abundant, the .cattle found sufficient fodder. 
The Indians dwelt on these same meadows, 

for a time, with the settlers. They had I ©no on the west side, Newbury, after their o!d 
bitterly felt this encroachment u}H>n their home towns, Newbury and Haverhill. Mas§. 

rights, in those beautiful and favorite grounds. 
In the words of Powers, *' It was a fine coun- 
try for them. It was easy of cultivation and 
•oited to their imperfect means. Tlie soil 
was rich, the river abounded in salmon and 
the streams in tront, and the whole country 
was plentifully supplied with game,— bear. 
Boose and fowls. 
It WM the half fraj reetiogplace between 

June 13, 1763, at Plaistow, N. H.. distant 
not less than 100 miles, the freemen of New* 
bury held their first town meeting, and "voted 
to unite with Haverhill in paying a preacher 
two or three months, this Fall or Winter." 
Beigamin and Jacob Hall from Massachusetts, 
Jonathan Saunders and Sarah Rowell from 
Hampton, N. H.. and Hon. James Woodward 
of Hampttead, N. H., joined the tetUemeot 




iliis Jii^. Mr. Woodwsrd wm 22 yean of 
age at this time. He bought bis f&nn for 22 
ceulM per acre. 

GeD«ral Bailey sent op bit stock this year, 
which was cared for by a Mr. Jobo Page, 
who, as soon as able, purchased a farm io 
Haverhill, where he lived, aud died at the 
ri]»e age of 82. 

Noah While settled also with bis family 
in Newbury, in 17(i3; and Col. Jacob Kent, 
Nov. 4, 1763,— "the twelfth family in both 
U'wui!," — "a uumber of young men boarding 
in iht^e families.*' 

Col. Kent was born in Ohcbacco, Mass.. 
JuDe 11, 1726; Mary, his wife, in PlaiMow, 
N. H., Aug.. 14, 1736. Mrs. Kent, when 
n' ;irly 90, used to relate, — when the Colonel 
w.i> gone to meeting one Sunday, three bear« 
caiue au<J looked in at the door u|»on her. 

At this time, moose, bear, deer, beaver, 
oti -r, mink, and sables were uumcrpUA, and 
trout was not so abundant in the les.ser 
streams as salmon in the Connecticut. But 
at this time there were no roads in any 
direction, and their bread stuflk had to bu 
brf»ughl in boats from Ko. 4. 

1761. — Newbury was ble.^^ed this year by 
the arrival and settlement with hi:* family ol 
the man who bad been the first aud chief 
Dover in the settlement : 


be, whose influence bad already been felt in 
every proceeding, bad now come "to ble.«^ 
himself, and save much people alive in the 
aj'I'roaching contests between Great Britain 
and her colonies." This happy event oc- 
curred in October 1764. General Bailey was 
3S yean« of age at the time. He died here, 
March, 1815; "havifig devoted a long life to 
bis country, to his town, and, for a consider- 
able l«»ngth of time, to his God." 

"(Jen. Jacob Bailey was bom in Newbury, 
Ma«fl.. 1720; married in Newbury, Mass., 
Oct. 16, 1745, to Prudence Noyes; arrivod 
in Newbury, Vt., OcL, 1764. 

Children of Jacob and Prudence Bailey : 

Ephraira Bailey, born Oct. 1. 1746. 

Jan. 16, 1749. 

Feb. 16, 1752. 
June 11, 1753. 
Oct. 2, 1755. 
Oct. 1, 1757. 















Jan. Id, 1760. 
Dec 10. 1763. 
May 20, 1765. 
Junt 28, 1767. 

Prudence, wife of Gea. Bailey, diod, J auc 

Gen. Jacob BaUey died March 1, 1815. 

I have no means of learning the early his- 
tory of Gen. Jacob Bailey. George Johnson 
of Troy, N. Y., son of David Johnson.* has a 
full and complete history, compiled by hie 
father, of all the early settlers of our town. 
Gen. Bailey built his house a few after 
he movtsd into town, — it was south of CoL 
Thomas Johnson's honse, built, Aug., 1775. 
Gen. B iley was a quartermaster in the Rev- 
olutionary War, — ^ I have been informed. 

In 1776. he commenced the work on the 
celebrated llazen road. Tie commenced mak* 
ing the road from Newbury to St. Johns, 
which was opened by Gen. If azen in 1779, as 
far as llazen Notch in tlie township of WesU 
Ueld in Orleans County."— Toici* CUrk, 

This year was also noted by the accession 
to the settlement of a minister, the Rev. Peter 
Powers, and the organization of a church 
and ecclesiai>tical society, which continued 
nearly 20 years. 

1765. — Our town settlements at Coos began 
to have fouio neighbors at Bradford, Orford, 
Lyme, Hanover, Lebanon and Plymouth. 
Meanwhile, at Newbury, Jan. 24th, Rev. Pe- 
ter PowerA received a call to settle over the 
new church and 6<:»ciety. and gave a favorable 
answer, Feb. 1, 17*i5; wheruu]K>n it was voted. 

That the installment be on the last Wednes- 
day of this instant, and voted, that the Rev* 
eiend Mej^rs. Abner Bailey, Daniel Emerson, 
Jo^t-jd) Emen^oo. Henry True and Joseph 
(iuo«lhue, with tlieir churches, be a council 
for paid ioFtallm^nt. Voted, that Jacob Bai- 
ley, Esq.. shall reprcs^^nt the town of New- 
bury at the council, which was voted to meet 
at said ini«tallmeut, down counity where ii ii 
thought u be*L 

Jacob Kest, Jhwn Clerk,** 

•Tbe»e |«pfr»— It win ht> B^m hj Um fbHoving It^ 
t«r— «r« vngiicrd to Uio Qiuetlacr. 

•Tnij. K. T., ©«:. tT, IMl 
MIm nffiienwHj — Tour leit**r, and tbe vevenU b«m- 
l«ert vf tl**' Mmicmziim raiiM tv^j— 'I »» Mucli obligW 
lur the MAgastiio. I will try to %riit« • HUlnrj ti 
NrwI'urjr, in* Ikr m tuy fiiib«-r'« maiiu«ri|*ls and aay 
•iilirr liiotori'-Al (l<icuiii«*iit« or volume^ in la j |ia«Mi^ 
ftiun «ill t«Ml«le HI* Io 441 it. I rmnMot Mjr Mijrlhia( 
■Imhii tli« recent ItMurj of tW town <lurinK sod •lno« 
thft war. I am e«litor (»r tli« Tniy iMily Whig, and ay 
laboni in tUat ca|iariljr wil |»r«v«nC niv idvtnc tiao !• 
c'uuplefi* tlia work so aiion aa I would tike, or as jr«V 
niaj wiah. Yonrt rwpactftilhr, 

A. 0. Joansoa." 

Mr^ JobDMOt «^ ■■ the aditor of a dail j |M|Mr, tea 
not foend lima to eoufdat* tbeoi la aanaoe to ooa* to 
tbia eonnactlon; bat, aa ba enjcafaa to oomplata tbaa 
BOW apaadUj, we bopa to raealTa tbnn to tlnM to add 
at tba and of tba Connty. in tbis v«innM; if aol, tiMf 
WSJ s^P««r to ToL IIL^M 











**Tber6 were do minUten or churches in 
ftU the region, and they muit go bj their deU 
egatioo till thej found them.'* 

The Rev. Mr. Powers was installed, preach- 
ing bis own installation sermon, which was 
published. The following is a /oc $imiU of 
the title page : 

"A Sermon, preached at HoUis, Feb. 27, 
1765. at the Im-tallation of the Rev. Peter 
Powers, A. M., for the towns of Newbuiy and 
Haverhill, at a place called Coos, in the 
Province of Ntw-hamphire. By Mvsolf. 
Published at the desire of many who heard 
it, to whom it is humbly dedicated by the 
unworthy Author. *Th<;Q smith he to the 
servants, the wedding is ready : go ye there- 
fore into the liifihwavs, and as many as 
ye shall find, bid to tr.e marriage.* — Matt, 
zxii: 8. y. Portsmonih, in New-hampshire. — 
Printed and sold by Daniel and Robert Fovrle. 

The goods of the minister were brought by 
his panbhioners from No. 4, upon the ice of 
the river in February, but the family did not 
come on till April. A little circumi»taDce 
occurred in bringing home the miuistcr's fam- 
ily, rather plea^anlly narrated by Kev. Grant 
Powers : 

**A man living in Newbury, and member 
of the church, named Way, — an eccentric 
character who would sometj^nes Finrak unad- 
visedly, — ^yet, a very friendly man and held 
in general et^teem, was one who volunteered 
his services to bring up the goods u|»on the 
ice. It was so late in February, in some 
places, esjtecially w4iere tributaries came in, 
the ice was thin and brittle. They, however, 
made their way, without serious difficulty, 
until they came to tlie mouth of Omponipa- 
noosuc, at the north-cast part of Norwich, 
when Way's sled broke through and had like 
to have gone down, sled, team. Way and all. 
By timely efforts on the part of his traveling 
companions, he was extricated ; but, as soon 
as he had reached firm footing, turning round 
and surveying the dangers he had been in, 
he said to his .companions, * That is a cureed 

"When the party had arrived at Newbury, 
and they were relating the trials and dangers 
of the way, some one mentioned what Mr. 
Way said of Om|>ompanooiiuc. It was not 
long before this came to the ears of Mr. Pow- 
ers ; and he resolved to go, as bis custom was 
in like ca^es, and have a conversation with 
Mr. Way, and adm'^uish him, if he should be 
found to havt been uelioqnent. He, accord- 

ioglT* ^^°^ ^^^ ^1^ ^r* ^'^7 ^At he had 
been told that he had been speaking unad- 
visedly and wickedly. * What was itf said 
Mr. Way. 'Why, they say you said of Om- 
pompanoosuc, that it wot a cuned Aote.*— 
' Well, it is a cursed hole.' said Way. * I nay 
it is a cursed hole, and I can prove it' *0h 
no. you cannot,' said Mr. Powers, ' and you 
have done very wrong; you must repent* 
*Why.' said Way, *did not the Lord curse 
the earth for man's sin?' *Yes,' said Mr. 
Powers. 'Well,' replied Way, 'do you think 
that little dirUUk Ompompanoosnc was an 
exception?* Mr. Powers turned away. 'Oh, 
Mr. Way, Mr. Way, I stand in fear for you,' 
and recording his noUe proBequi, departed." 

The rciiidence of Mr. Powers was between 
that of Gen. Bailey and Mr. Thomas Johnf^on, 
and the meetings were held in General Bai- 
ley's hon^e until they could put up a log 
meeting-house, which was built south of 
General Bailey's and north of the hill, and 
occupied several years, till a framed meeting) 
house was built, which was erected on the frame 
spot where the present Congregational meet- 
ing- house was erected in 1790. But, as there 
was difsatiii fact ion in regard to its location, 
it was pulled down and re-erected we^t of the 
bur)*ing- ground, for a *'court house and jail." 
Wlietlier it was used likewise in the capacity 
of a meeting-house does not. from the records 
that we have been able to obtain, appear 
certain ; but Mr. Powers, the Coos hi.«torian, 
thinks that it might have been "after the 
first house" (the log one) "had become too 
small to accommodate the cc»Dgregation. and 
before the meeting-house in 1790 was erected." 

"They worshipjKrd at the Ox Bow some 
years, and Haverhill people assembled with 
them, with great punctuality." 

Mr. Powers thus picturesquely de«:ribea 
the Haverhill part of the church and society 
coming to Newbury to meeting some Summer 
Sabbath morning: 

" There was a footpath leading from Judge 
James Woodward's late residence, north-wes- 
terly to the river, where was a log-canoe to 
set them across, and from the point of land- 
ing, a serpentine path through tall grass, 
bushes, and sometimes towering tree.«, led 
them to the place of worship. Tliey had 
another canoo at the Dow farm and another 
at the Porter place." Mr. Powers goes on to 
sute, "it waa a sin at that day, and disrepu- 
Ublt in th« sight of all, for persons to absent 




bemseh'M from the pUc« of worthip without 
alid cause, and parenta wera teen carrying 
beir children in their armi from Dr. Carle- 
dq's place to the Johnson place and back 
gain the same day, and fK>metimei when the 
jtk^s and bushee were wet and the trees from 
bove dropped npon them dewy blessings.'* 
roingani coming, in their meandering course, 
ould not have been less than 12 miles, and 
omctimes each parent had one to carry, 
^or was the attendance from the west side of 
he river less uniform — soiiie of the females 
ralked from Bradford and Ryegate, 10 miles 
iftant; "those from Ryegate, when they 
ame to^Wells River fording-place, baring 
beir fet-t and tripping over as nimbly as th'e 
ccr. The men generally had no shoes to 
ake off. The women usually wore shoes but 
he men went barefoot.*' The wife of Judge 
.add, of Haverhill used to very pleasantly 
date, that the first Sunday she attended 
Qc-eting at the Oz Bow, being recently mtLX- 
inl.^he thought f-hemust appear in wedding 
Wkfi and ruffled cuffs— extending to the elbow 
nd made fa.^t by brilliant sleeve-buttons, — 
ilk hose and florid shoes. Her husband ap- 
eared also in his best, and they took their 
catj; on benches, early, in the sanctuary : but 
* she ]*iquantly added, *' they went alone, 
at alone, and returned alone ; and for her 
•srt, she could not get nenr enough to one of 
he women to hold the least conversation, 
nd that when she was so homesick she 
bought she would have given anything to 
ave formed some acquaintance with those 
irho were to be her neighbors. The next 
abbatb she wore a clean check linen gown, 
nd found very sociable and warm-hearted 

Mr. Powers continued his regular ministra- 
ions but in the Summer of the first year, if 
iot earlier, the Quaker preacher, Sleej>cr. 
eoins to have contested the ground with him. 
General Bailey, it is said, finding it extreme- 
y difficult to find a man to go on and make 
he fii^t ^ettlement among the Indian", found 
kt length Samuel Sleeper, a Quaker and 
Teacher among the sect, who agreed to go 
>n. provided, he might, when they had ob- 
ainei] a grant and formed a ChriMian society, 
>ecome their preacher, — and Bailey is said 
have answered him, •• yes, S]ee}>er, you 
hall be our minister." It it not probable 
)ailey thought seriously of his promise at 
^^ time, bat the fmit of this concession be- 

gan at length to appear. Sleq^er had takea 
Mr. Bailey *s promise ** at tpede,** to ote th« 
wordt of Mr. Powert, historian, and did not 
mean io relinqnith hb nghtt at preacher for 
the first relfgioQt tociety, and '* clatmed tha 
right io hold forth at any time and on aU 
occasiont as the spirit moved ; and while Ur. 
Powert was speaking, he would tay — ** T)ie« 
liet, friend Peter." At other timet- would 
vociferate ** glorious trutlit! gloriout tmtht I" 
again, '* False doctrines 1 false doctrinet 1"— 
The principal men endeavored to dissuado 
him, and when he only grew refractory and 
denunciative, thai him n^ in a cellar on 
Musquash meadow, whereupon one Benoni 
Wright, a disciple of Sleeper, undertook to 
take the place of hit imprisoned teacher, and 
if the captive preacher had chastised them 
with whip$, he would do it with ieorpiom. 
He allowed his beard to grow untouched by 
the razor, professed himself to be the ime 
prophet of the Lord and delivered his measa- 
got, it is said, in the meet frantic manner. 
This was more than these good, staid Con- 
gregational fatltert could submit ta They 
had not the least idea of suffering their meet- 
ings or their neighborhoods to be thus dit- 
turbed and *' the elders of the people, of both 
Newbury and Uaverhill, took Wright to the 
meadow and held a court over him, near the 
cellar where Sleeper was confined, and sen- 
tenced him to "ten lashes well laid on.** 
Poor Wright was stripped and the ten lashef 
laid not lightly on, and a decree was sent 
from ** tliis self-coustituted court " to Sleeper 
in the cellar *' that if he ap]»eared again after 
confinement to make the least disturbance, 
he should receive thirty lathct in full tale. 
The sj'irit does not appear to have moved 
these prophets again to ojten their moutht 
in public — "and peace and order were re- 
stored." The next season Sleo[>er and Wright 
left the ^ttlement at Kt;wbury and settled 
on the meadows in Bradford,* and the little 
Congregational church continued to grow 
and [•roj»|M;r. without rivalry, for many years. 
The following statistics of the Congregational 
church in Newbury are from the jiapers of 
tlie late liev. Pu.xt H. Woite: 

Organized in 1764. Ministers.— (1) Pstee 
PowLits, graduated at llar%'ard in 1754; set- 
tled Feb. 27, 1765; dismissed in 1784 ; died in 
1799 or 1800. 

(2.) Jacob Wood. Bom in Boxford, Matt^ 

• 8m Bradford, p«f« tl4. 

• * 
• * ■ 

\ »■ I » • • - 



i. > • , • 


t ' 

? : 

; ■ - • 

» » • 




1 t 

: r* 


I • 



grftdiukUd at DsurtiDoath College 1778 ; settled 
Jmn. y. 17S8 ; di«a Feb. 10, 1790. 4ged 32 ve&n. 

(3.) Katha5iel Lambeat. Graduated at 
Brown UniverMty 1787; settled Nov. 17, 1790. 

(4,) LoTUBR Jevett. Graduated at Dari- 
moulh Coll<:ge, 1795; settled Feb. 28th, 1821. 

(5.) CutRK Pebht. Graduated at Harvard 
in 1S23 ; settled June 4, 1S2S ; dismissed 183>; 
died July 22. 1^13, aged 43 years. 

(6.) Geo. W. Campbell. Bom in Leba- 
non, N. H.. 17U4. Graduated at Union Col- 
lege in 1820; Princeton Theological Seminary 
in 1823; settle Jan. 27.183G; dismissed Ju- 
ly 9. 1850 ; prtrached »ermon at dedication of 
meeting- bouse, Nov. 13. 1840. 

(7.) Abtexas Deak. Jr. Graduated at Am- 
bervt College in 1842, and at Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary; settled July, 1851. 

(8.) Horatio N. Buktov. Settled Dec. 31. 
1857 i di^misfed March 16. 1869. 

c05gre0at1oxal church at wells river 

(kkwbury.) • 

Organized Jan. 13, 1842. 

Ministers. — (1). Samuel Kowlet Thrall. 
Bom in Kutland. Vt. Jan. 16, 1811. Grad- 
uated at Middlebury College in 1835 and at 
Andover Th«K)logical Seminary ; settled April 
13, 1812; dismissed March 15, 1847. 

(2). James Davie Butler. Born in Rut- 
land. Vt., March 15, 1815. Graduated at 
Middlfcbury College in 1836 ; studied at Now 
Haven and ai Andover Theological Seminary; 
settled Oct 14, 1847; dUminsed Feb., 1851. 

(3). Salrm M. Plimptox. Graduated at 
Amherst Collt^ge in 1840, and at Andover The- 
ological Seminary; settled May 8, 1851; la- 
bored jui^t 10 years; died Sept. 14, 1866. 

(4). Wm. S. Palmer. Graduated at Dart- 
mouth College; settled Feb. 19, 1862— now 


Organizi^ Feb. 13. 1867. 
Minisier. — Davii» Conxell. 

About thi.4 f>eriod, the firt^t saw mill was 

built. Judge AVoodard and Jolin Page, with 

three or four men, went to Concord for the 

crank, at^d brought it home upon a handsled. 

The weather was inten^^'ly cold, and though 

they stopped to warm at the camps* they 

came near freezing twice by the way. once in 

•The 9t\j sttll^re took the pr»caatfc»n to li«ild 
»aiiip« at th«> «lbiiioi'« of rrery 10 lu 1& inil«« brt«««B 
Haverhill mn4 ^\M*nry-^ ramp wm a mdv ahf ll«>r 

lomr4 «»f loi;«, tiottiilit ami l«rk— wImt* th4*j kept llr«- 
woo4 and pltcb^iiiiia §ur klnJling. aiid hvMluck touf ha 

crossing the ice upon Newfound Pond, where 
there was 6 miles and no forest to break the 
wind and which would have been their sad 
fate, but for ii'age, who. when the company 
had made a halt and were taking a temporary 
rei«t upon their sleds, became so thirsty, he 
arose and took an as and, going a little dis- 
tance, cut through the ice for water. The ex- 
erci>^ warmed him somewhat, and coming 
back to the sled, he found, with horror, his 
companions were sinking down into a sleep 
which must have been their la^t; upon wliich 
he '* preached terror till he aroused and start- 
ed tJiem on their way ;** the second time, 
when they came nigh perishing in the saiue 
way. they had reached the corner of Picrmont. 
Judge Woodard was tbeir good angel this 
time. He pointed out Haverhill, which they 
had come in full siglit of. and encouragtMl 
them to one effort more. 

There was no road from the Coos settle- 
ments to lk>^ton, for transf-orting hea j 
goods, till after the licvolutionary war, and 
such freight had to be brought either from 
Charlestown, N. II., or upon the ice of thd 
river in the Wiuter, or on pat»k-hor^w» .through 
the woodA, from Concord, Col. RoIkti John- 
son, who opened the tiret tavern in Newbury, 
imported his li^uoiv in this way, and the gl.i^s 
for Col. Thomas Johnson's houi»e was thus 
brought through the woods. ' 

Richard Chamberlain, one of the first set- 
tlers, uj^edto tell the following story: 

** Early in the settlement of the Coos, it fo 
happened, the annual thanksgiving paFi^ed be- 
fore we heard of it up here. A Dr.White who 
came to visit his friends at Jf ewbury, however 
brought up with him the Proclamation, and 
it was publicly read by Mr. Powers, the next 
^bbath, who proj»o?od they should keo}» the 
Thanksgiving, notwitht>tanding the time pro- 
l>osed by the Governor had passed, and he 
proposed the next Thursday. Upon which a 
membt^r gravely aro^^e and propori^d thai it 
might be delayed longer; for, said he, "thfre 
is not a drop of molasses in the town and wo 
know how important it is to have moIa.«''ei, 
to keep thanksgiving. My boys have gone 
to Ko. 4, and will be back probably by the 
beginning of next week, and they will bring 
molasses, and it better be put off till next 
week Thursday." It was unanimously agreed 
to, and tlie molasses not coming, was defer- 
red another week still, and finally Thanks- 
giving was kepi without molasset. 



i7t;6<17G8. Th« town which bad b«en or- 
gunized in its first •ettlement, coDtioued to 
pro${»er and iacreafle, and »ocietj to improve. 
" The Coo« settlementd became to other infant 
ecttlemvnta. north and south of Uittm, what 
the granaries of Egypt were to Canaan and 
the surrounding nations in the days of tbe 
»cveQ years* famine.'* Says Mr. Powers, 
**An A;;t)d gt-ntleman in Lyme, N. H., says he 
can very well recollect when they ^u^^ed to 
carry up their silver shoe back Ics to the Coos 
and exchange Uiern for wheat.** 

1770. This whole section from Lanca.<«ter, 
X. H.f to NorthfieM, Mass., was (tmiiten by a 
plague of worms. **The inhabitants called 
them the ' Northern Army,* as they moved 
from the north and west to the eaM and south. 
It is ainrmcd that the Rev. Dr. Burton, of 
Theiford, said ** he had seen whole pastures 
so covered he could not pnt down his finger in 
a >ing1c sj>ot without placing it ajton a worm, 
and that he had seen more than 10 bushels 
in a heap.** They were sometimes found 
** not larger than a pin, but in their maturity 
Wire as long as a man's finger and propor 
tionaiely large.** " There wa« a strij>o upon 
tbe back like black velvet, and on either ^ide 
a yellow Ptripe, and they a]«peared to be in 
great haste except when they halted for 
food." "They did not lake hold of the 
pun^pkin vine, peas, potatoes, or fiaz, but 
xheat and corn dif^apjKrared before them.*' 
•They would climb up the stalks of wheat, 
(-at oil tlie Ftalk just below the head and 
ahnc-'t as soon as the head had fallen U|K>n 
the ground, it was devoured. The men tried 
to fa ve their wheat by a process called •'draw- 
ing the rojHj." Two men would take a rope, 
one at eaoii end, would pa^-s through their 
wheaMields and brurh the worms from the 
^lalk, hut nothing could save it There were 
6vMs of corn in Xewbury so tall and lala> 
riant " it was difTicult to see a man standing 
in the field more than one rod from the out- 
ermost row, that in ten days after the appear- 
ance of the worms, nothing but bare stalks 
remained." In vain the farmers dug trench- 
er round their fields ; they soon filled the ditch 
and the millions that pressed over on the 
backs of their fellows and ma^Ie a si>eedy de- 
Hruction of the interdicted field." Then tbe 
farmers dug trenches as before, but took 
sliarpened nukes, of G or 8 inches in diameter 
and ur 8 feet in length ^nd drove them into 
tbi; bottom of tho ditch, onc« in 2 or 3 fuet, 

and as tliese meadows were bottom-lands, ea- 
sily made holes 2 to 3 feet in depth below the 
bottom of the trench. As the sides of ih% 
holes thus made were smooth, as soon as tht 
worm step)»ed from, or was thrust over Xh% 
brink, he fell to tho bottom, and the destroy- 
tsr coming round when the hole was pretty 
well fillud, thrust in his pointed stick and 
made an extermination of every one. In Uiis 
way a part of the farmers saved enough seed 
for the next year. About the first of Septem- 
ber the worms suddenly disappeared, and not 
a worm or the skin of a worm was seen till 
in the Summer of 17^1, when they appeared 
juFt 11 years afterward, the same kind of 
worm, but comparatively few in number, and 
though the fears of tlie }«e<»ple were greatly 
excited, they were soon destroyed, and have 
never appeared since. Tliis visitation of tho 
worms wan felt severely by the new settle* 
ments. The |»eople of Newbur) and Haver- 
hill however did not feel it so much as those 
who had not been so long in their settlements. 
They had some old stock of grain and provi- 
-sions and more means to obtain supplies bj 
way of No. 4, and the corn being cut off and 
the pumpkins lef^untoucbed, there was so 
great a crop of pumpkins that tlie people oi 
Newbury and Haverhill gave the people of 
Piermont and their neighbors of the new 
settlements, as many pumpkins as they would 
carry away. The Piermont settlers madt 
a kind of raft and went up for them and 
transported them by water, and another sop- 
ply came from Providence in flocks of pigeons 
that nothing could equal their number, unless 
the worms which preceded them, and which 
they immediately followed. 

1771 *'The first settlers of Newbury, a 
number of them at least, first pitched their 
tenu upon the meadow with a view of mak- 
ing their f»ermanent re^^idence there, bat were 
driven off by a flood in this year, which was 
very destructive to many, burying their crops 
under 2 or 3 feet of sand, in some^ instances, 
and ruining the soil for several yean, the 
freshet invading also and taking possestdon 
of some of their habitations and property, 
and several curious incidents occurred. 

A horse that was tied to a stackyard oa 
the Ox Bow was floated off with the log and 
taken ont of the r*ver alive at Hanover, and 
some swins were brought down to tbe Ox Bow 
from Haverhill upon the top of a haystack 
where they had maide good their standing 

\ ■ 

I -' 

J ■■}':■ 

- • . • 


^ * 


1 • 



« . 



• I 



This calamity, »o toon succeeding that of 
tb« worms, was regarded by many a contro- 
versy of the Lord with his family. 


" On the high ground, cast of the month of 
Cow Meadow brook, sonth of the three large 
projecting rocks, the ground was burned over, 
and there were many domeittic implement« 
found there by the earliest settlers, says the 
late David Johnson. *' Among the rest were 
beads of arrows and a stone mortar and pes- 
tle — I have seen tlie pestle.*' Near the rocks 
on the river some 40 or 50 rods below, was 
evidently an old Indian burying-ground. 
Bones have been frequently turned up by the 
plough, and it has been a5certained that tliey 
were buried in the sitting posture peculiar to 
the Indians; also, '*when the 6rst settlers 
eame here, the remains of a fort were still vis- 
ible on the Ox Bow. *' l*he size of the fort 
was plain to be seen.'* Trees about as large 
as a man*8 thigh, were growing in the cir- 
cumference, ** and a profusion of white fliut- 
stones and heads of arrows are yet scattered 
over the ground." It is a tradition which I 
frequently have heard that after the fight 
with Lovewell, the Indians said that now 
they should be obliged to leave their " Cos 
sac4"— (our Coos). — [Communication from 
David Johnson, of Newbury, in 1S40.] 

After the French war a number of families 
of those Indians returned to the Coos, where 
they lived peaceably with the English for 
many years after the settlement. Among 
these, were two families of special distinction 
— John and Joe, or Captain John and Captain 
Joe, as they preferred to be called. John had 
licon a chief of some note of the Sl Francis 
tribe, was at the battle of Braddock*s defeat, 
and a»ed to relate that he shot a British offi- 
cer after having been knocked down by the 
officer, and how he tried to shoot young 
Washington, but could not. lie had frequent- 
ly used the tomahawk and scalpingknife 
likewise on the defenceless Engli^^h settlers in 
the time of the war and when under the in- 
flnence of liquor, would narrate his barbari- 
ties at Fort Dummer and Bosca wen .with fiend- 
ish satisfaction, too shot^king to narrate. *' He 
was a fierce and cruel Indian." but a staunch 
friend to the Vankees in tlie war of the Revo- 
lution and marched with them against Bur- 
goy ne. He had two sons, Pial and Pial-Soos- 
up, who were excellent Indians, of worthy 
di^pofitioDs; the latter belonged to the compa- 

ny of Capt. Thomas Johnson, and was in the 
engagement at Fort Indejtendence. It was his 
first battle and he was frightened at the com- 
mencement by the roar of the cannon. But 
when he saw the shots, both from the Lake 
and from the Fort pass over their heads, 
turning to Capt Johnson, he said, " Is this 
the way to fight?" Yes, said Johnson, fire! 
fire ! ** I say," said he, "this is good fun," and 
raising his gun, fired. 

Captain Joe, was a young man when he 
came to Coos. He belonged to a tribe in No- 
va Scotia ; but his tribe was scattered when 
he was very young and he grew up among 
the St. Franois Indians. Joe was peaceable 
and it was his boast that " he never jtointed 
the gun." His squaw, Molly, had two sons 
by a former husband, when they came to 
Newbury, and it is said that Molly had with 
her two sons eloped with Joe, who was a 
great favorite among the women of his adopt- 
ed tribe. The names of Molly's sons were 
Tooroalek and Muxawuxal. The latter died 
young and without bringing sorrow to the 
heart of Molly, but Toomalek brought bitter 
sorrow. This Indian was dwarfed in height, 
but was of broad build and " extraordinary 
muscular ]>owers, and his thick, stiff hair 
grew down within an inch of his eyes, which 
were fiend-like." Toomalek, when he grew 
up became enamored with a young squaw who 
married another Indian, upon which Tooma- 
lek determined u]K>n murdering the man who 
had married the beautiful squaw he coveted, 
and taking her to himself. The squaw was 
named Lewa, and the Indian she had married 
Mitchell. Toomalek loaded his gun and lurk- 
ing around Mitchell's wigwam, seeing the 
young couple seated together by the fire, rais- 
ed his gun and fired. The shot was intended 
for Mitchell, but Lewa received the ball in her 
breast and died that night Mitchell, who 
was slightly wounded, soon recovered.' The 
murderer was tried by the Indians, but old 
John, the friend of Toomalek, presided, and 
it was decided ** that as he did not kill Mitch- 
ell, and did not intend to kill Lewa, he wu 
no murderer." So Toomalek thought he 
would make another trial, as Mitchell had 
taken another wife as beautiful as the fated 
Lewa. So he took a bottle of ram and Eben- 
ser Olmstead, a white man, with him, and 
went to the wigwam of Mitchell and com- 
menced treating the company. Toomalek 
drank very litUe, while MitcheU indnlg^ 



freely, and when under liqaor eommeDeed 
ujibraidiog Toom&iek for th« murder of Lewa, 
who recriminated and quarreled with Mitch- 
ell till he provoked him to draw hit knife, 
which he did, making a (light and drunken 
]«a»t. when the watchful Toomalek with hin 
Tiadiciive blade gave him hit death-wound 
at one tbruot Toomalek had his second trial 
for Tiiurdi-r, but it was again before old John, 
and by his favor, as Mitchell m^de the 5rst as- 
sault, he got olT again. Every one was satis- 
fied that Toomalek went to Mitchell's wigwam 
with the intent to kill, and not a few blamed 
old John, whose delight was in blood, but the 
settlers never int«'rfered with the Indians in 
their aduiuif-tration of justice where it simply 
coQcerned themselves ; but Providence, at 
length, did in this wise : Toomalek, Pia], the 
eldot son of old John, and several others, 
were over on the Haverhill side one day after 
the second acquittal. ll)e company indulged 
in whisky, rather freely. UjK>n returning in 
tl>e afternoon, near where the old court-house 
stood in Haverhill, north parish, they met a 
young squaw from Newbury, whom they ac- 
costed, and she U'gan to rally Pial upon some 
pa^t gallantries. Pial, under the influence 
of the whisky, returned tlie attack, jest for 
je.«t, which the young lady -squaw took in 
high miff, and appealed to Toomalek, with 
whom Fhe turned aside and held a brief con- 
verf^ation in a low voice, when she passed on. 
Toomalek rejoined his companions and walked 
by the side of Pial a few moments, when he 
Ftealihily drew his knife and plunged it into 
Pial's throat The ]»oor victim who was ta- 
ken wholly unawares, ran with the blood 
guf^hing Irom the wound a few rods, fell to the 
esrtli and almoi^t instantly bled to death. Hii* 
horrified companions [•roclaimed the murder 
at once, and the murderer was taken imme- 
diately into cui-tod}'. What was mofct rtrangc, 
be made no resistance, nor any attempt to 
e.<cj]>e. As be had twice et>cii|»ed so easily, 
]*i-rlaps he thought again to e.«ca]K:«, or that 
as they had not before, they would not now 
condemn him ; but he wa^* carried over the 
river to Newbuiy for his trial llie next day 
and did not find quite so placable a judge. 
When old John received the news that this 
fiend bad murdered his own son, he was well 
nigh beside himself. Ue freely confessed his 
sin in twice sparing the life of this murderer. 
Ue acknowledged the retribution of Heaven 
and spent the night in loud wailing and self- 

reproAchea. Th« Indian trial waa held tht 
next day, and Toomalek was by unanimoua 
verdict condemned to be shot. The Indiana, 
however, appointed a delegation to wait upon 
** the white minister ** at Newbury, the Rev. 
Mr. Powers, to inquire whether that verdict 
was agreeable to the word of God, who aft«r 
hearing their evidence, solemnly assured them 
that he believed it waa. And they proceeded 
at once to make arrangements for the execu- 
tion. The ground- floor of the old court-house, 
opposite tlie burying- ground, waa the place 
ajtpointed, and Toomalek came to the spot with 
apparent indifference. Old John, the nearoai 
of blood to tho slain, who according to Indian 
law, must be the executioner, stood in readi- 
ness with his loaded rifle. When all waa 
ready, the avenger rai»^ his gun ; it only 
snapped. Toomalek mocked the sound deri- 
sively— " click ! click!" Old John stijpped 
nearer, put the muzzle to his head and in a 
moment more the poor wretch airaa in eter- 

*'As soon as it waa over, Molly and Joe, 
who were both present at the locution took 
each hold of one arm and dragj;ed the body 
from the house and buried it, and the Indian 
mother who had wept bitterly over the death 
of her younger son, never was seen to shed a 
t<^ar over Uie grave of the elder, nor heard to 
again mention his name. 

Old Joe had no passion for war himself, but 
he was a great whig, and rejoiced in the defeat 
of the British whom lie never could forgive the 
slaughter and di^pcraion of his iribe, in Nova 
80011.% He paid Gen. Washington a riait at 
his head-quarters on North river, where he waa 
received with attention : Gen. Washington ahak- 
inf; handa with him, and causing b!m and HoUy 
to be innted, after ho and his ofliccrs had diued, 
to hia tablet Alter tlie war, aoroo Sl Francit 
Indians came down to persuade Idm to return 
with them to Canada, but, ao drop rooted waa 
bis hatred to the Knglish and English authority, 
if waa in vain. Ue had taken hia resolution to 
novcr set his Ibot on their aoil, and ao fur did 
)ie carry it, that in the hunting excurajous ho 
waa wont to take in the extreme north of the 

•3lr. Powm (Oraat) lell« lb« wtorj Chat To«him1^ 

said lil« prmyw tM>foi« h% wm ilivt, Init 4om ftoC t«ll 

of III* mockinf tb« cnap of th« gim. W« hav* aaotbw 

oM l«per, la whlrb N ihli* a<«o«iit of Ih* cluainf Arvae 

la Utn of pr»y«r«, iia4 h*re filr**n It m eoniportlnc 

, mon with th« rhanMrtor of Toomali-k^ althouieh II Is 

I |Mia«ihl« lio iMilh aaid hoom prmyrn and Mockc^ tba 

i KoUtiag Piech aofyrlaas otta la ao harrtaaad a wrsUh. 

V^t -•• 


».-■■. ■ 

f : • :; 

* • i 


i ■ 






State ; he was miictly cnrcfQl Dcrer to go orcr ^ ad«, and on the other, rendered it expedient 
the line. It Is teld of him, that At one time af- for CongroM to take them into the Union in the 
ter baring fi>l lowed a mooee tiro daja, as soon I oolj way in which thej woold consent to come 

aa he toand tlie mo'jae had crossed the line, he 
qntt the parmit. sajring (ucetiously : " Good bye, 
Hr. Moose." The Indbna, howercr, did not 
give up tbeir desire of hiis return to tlioro. and 
thinkiikg if Uiej could capture or pcrsusile Mol* 
It to go bade to Canada, ho would follow, they 
came down one summer when Molly bod come 
to Derby wUli Joe on a hunt, and watching the 
opportunity wlicu he was oat on tlie hunt, took 
MoUy and carried her off with them. He 
griered for the )o^s of MoUy, but his obstinacy 
ptgnaOy triumphed : go ho would not, and mah- 
ing was left lor Molly but to return toliim. 

Joe aunrived her for many years, and when 
be becmme old received a pension of $70 from 
the State, and in his List years was taken cnro 
of in the family of Mr. Fry Hailey, of Xew- 
bury, wliere be died, Feb. 19, }ii\9, aged, some 
tbouglit, about 80 years, while others thoujrht, 
and it was reported, much older. Ho wns bur- 
led in tlie south-oai:t comer of the old buryiug* 
yard at Newbury, and tho goiu so long his 
constant companion, was disch.'trg«-d over his 
gniTe. His suow-fthocs were kejtt by Mr. Bai- 
ley as a relic. 

OM Ji»lin had been found dead years before, 
at the f. tot of a hill in the town. Ca|»t. Joe was 
the last of the Indians at Coiifsmk — that once 
fsTorito and precious land of the ludiaiiib 

The town was organized in iis first settlement 
•nd progr^'SMMl pi-o^i^erously till ihe revctlntion- 
•ry war (»pf>iied upon them, when l>ejng frontier 
Scttii^mcuta. they were c«)ii5ianily exjM»»HKl to 
tlie losoah iwk and scal|ting-kuire of the hulinn, 
beside the burdens ihey wore called upon, in 
co!nin«m with oiIkt towns in >he colonies, to 
bear: und in adiliii ^n, and w«»ri*t of all Ver- 
mont was liOi a-. ai'knowlo<l«;ed l^t,Mte, even by 
their own tVHigress. It was no ordinary diffi- 
culty to efffcl a settlement upon this bonier- 
ground, in the dnys when Vermont had a part 
to |4*rlbrm in the grand pro{rr< ss of the Rcvolu* 
•km, that rt^uired all her old Kthan and Green 
Mountain Boy muscular |M»w.-r, and Ira Allen 
flm*- se not to fimnder between ScylU and Cha* 

Tlie policy adopted by the leading men in the 
new ^ate determined to bo, was neither to de- 
clare that they would or would not be inde 
pendent of <lie mother country, which, pre- 
senred them, on the one hand, (W»ro an iner- 
Itable dersstation by a British army from Can* 

in, an independent and sovereign State. It was 
impossible to prevent, meantime, the indeclar- 
ative State from becoming a sort of rendezvons 
for British agents^ spies and tories — though the 
givat heart and majority of the people were 
thoroughly and valiantly loyal ; and there were 
of this class of true patriots, leading men in 
almcst eveij town who were very o'bnoxions to 
the BritiMl) and tories, and whom, while tliey 
dan* not publicly attick. they were unwearied in 
tlicir strategics to get Into their hands. It was 
of frequent occurrence tliat some despicable 
tory wouki lead on a scouting party of tories 
and Indians, with a few British soldiers, either 
in the absconce of his neighbor, or at the dead 
of uiglit, to kill, take captive, plunder and 
burn— end ibr 8 years Newbury stood particu- 
larly cxjxYScd to tliis kind of warfare, and very 
much more so (being upon the west side of the 
river) than IlavcrhilL, wlrere, if the enemy 
crossed the ConJiecticut, they would be in dnn. 
ger of iK'iijg cut off in their retreat. Hence it 
was nwHtly Xcwbnry that had to bleed from 
those visits. 

There were three eafcclknt and prominent 
men in ptirticular. at Newbury, who, by their 
distinj^uislifd devotion to their country, liad 
become eminently obnoxious to the British, and 
they resolved on their capture : One was the 
venemble pastor who preached zealoiifly atid 
valiantl}' against them, and had given his old- 
est son to tlie army of his country, who had 
already lost his life in the American cause- 
But word was conveyed to Mr. Powers in time, 
and he removed over to the Haverhill side 
where he was secure. GeiL Bailey and Col. 
Jolmitoti were the other two of these men. The 
General po««es«i*d not only great itiflucnce at 
Newbury, but in all the n«-ijrhboring settlements. 
Tlie British were so desirous to secure him, 
they offen*d a large reward for his capture; but 
this tim- they had reckoned withoi!t their ally. 
The G<.iH'ral had always b/friended the Indians, 
and wheu acting as quarter-master-general to 
tl»e troops »*tationed at Newbury, he had never 
once overlooked the Indians in the daily rationa 
They lioked up to him as a latlter, and had no 
di-sire their good Hither bhould fall into the hards 
of his enemies. The British never succeeded in 
any of their attempts to suri)rise him. The 
most bold attack was made the 17tb of June, 
17H2. while Col Johnson, who bad been cap. 
tured the year before^ was at home on a pan>le. 



GeoerAl Bailer wm living M th« Johnson vil- 
Ugt. CapC Prichard, the enemj, came with 
biii Kout to the beighu wott of the great Ox- 
Bow, and laj iD waiting with 1 S men. Ho made 
a predetermined iigoal for Johnson to visit him. 
Johoion went aooording to the condiUona of his 
parole, and learned thej were oome to captnre 
Bailcj that night Johnson, whom the British 
retrarded as working with tbem, watf then per 
milted to retnm to his home. He feared the 
con»equonces to himself should he notify Boilo/. 
Ho knew ererj movement of his was doselj 
watched bj the f«ie in ambuscade upon the hiU, 
who could distinctly look over his house and 
the meadow whore Gen. Bailej was that day 
ploughing, with two of his sons. But he could 
not think to have Bailey taken, and consulted 
AS to what could be done, with a brother of his 
wife, Dudley Carleton, Esq., who was ut his 
house that afternoon, and Mr. Carleton under- 
took to manage tlie master. Col Johnson should 
write him a letter, and he would go 'on to tho 
mcndow, not neur enough to spoak to him, but 
where ho could drop the paper so it must bo 
H'cn by Bailey as he came round with his fur- 
row. The note was written and E«q. Carleton 
pjis<<-d directly down on to the meadow tliat af- 
tvmooD, under the eves of the ambuscade : but 
as l^e did not go near enough to Bailey to speak 
wiih him. and took a circuitous route back, their 
suspicions were alLiyed* General Bailey had 
al«o noticed the coming of Carleton down to 
t!io meadow, and coming round to the spot 
ioutid the little le.if of white paper, upon which 
Has written: "Tlie Philistines be upon thee, 
ivunfison." To avoid the sunpicion (ailing ujwn 
his friends, he continued ploughing for a little 
time longer, when he turned out his team and 
Rayinp, " Boys, take care of youmelves," went 
directly himself down to the river, and escaped 
over to Haverhill. The boys at the same time 
ha!>ieiied to the house to apprise the inmates 
and the guard statiom.'d there. 

•*Thi8 guard consisted of Capt Pry Bailey, 
commaiidant, Ezra Gates, Jacob Bailey. Jr., 
Joshua Bailey, Serj^eant Samuel Torrey, a hired 
tJ».in of Gen. Bailey, three boys — John Bailey, 
l»aac Bailey and Thomas Metcal( and a hired 
maid, Sarah Fowler." 

Tl)e guard would not believe there was any 
<langcr, and so suffered themselves, while tak- 
Joj? their evening grog, to be surprised by the 

enemy— whom one of the number accidentally 

P<^rceived, only when their foe was but a few 

1^ from the door. Sergeant Torrey met them 

at the door, and. notwithatmading tbe odda 
were ao great againi*t him, raised his gun to Art, 
but Prichard dashed aside the gun» seized Tor^ 
rey, and tbe aasailanta rushed in. The guard 
turned to floe: Thomas Metcalf escaped to tb« 
meadow, where be n^maiiied hid till the next 
day, and escaped captivity ; Jolm Bailey ran 
for the Ox-Bow, and likowhie escaped, but as 
he was leaping a fence in his start, two baOf 
sent after him struck the fence behind him ; 
Ezra Gates ran lh)m the sooth front-door; was 
shot and brought in wounded in tlie arm, and 
laid upon the bed, whore be lay bleeding pn^ 
fusc'ly while the house* was searched ; Mra. 
Bailey, at tbe moment of attack, had escaped 
through a window into the garden, where she 
crouched down among the currant bushes and 
remained concealed till after the departure of 
the foe. But ** Sarah Fowler, the servant maid 
spoken of^*' was the hero here. Intrepidly this 
noble girl stood her ground, with the babe of 
Mrs. Bailey in her arms and several times ex- 
tinguisIiiMi tlie caudle tliat one of the soldiers 
vas endeavoring to light that they might seardi 
the house. Admiring her spirit and enjoying 
tlie defeat of their companions by a woman, the 
other soldiers forbare interference fur tlie time, 
and it is said she put out tho candle as (a&t as 
lit till the soldier, not suoceodii»g uitb the can- 
die. snatched a fire-brand to continue the M>arch» 
which she al«o fcarle^jdjr struck from his hand. 
But, tired by this time with her interference, 
one of the soldiers approached with tlie muzzle 
of his gun near to her hi*ad, and swore with an 
oath, so frightfbl it le(t her no room to doubt| 
if fdie did not denist he would blow her brains 
out. She did not dare make any further later- 

Prichard and his men were greatly chagrined 
to find that the General had escaped ; but tbej 
carried off what of his papers they oould find, 
and took Gates, Pike and the hired man prison- 
ers. Tliey departed southward and met or 
overtook James Bailey, a son of the General, 
whom they also took, and who was detained n 
prisoner till tbe end of the war. They also 
took Mr. Pelatiah Bliss. He started with them, 
but played the simpleton so well, whined and 
cried so piteously about his wife and tender 
babes, out of contempt they let him ga Thej 
are reported to have made one other eall at tbs 
house of Andrew Carter, where, finding ICr. 
Carter absent, " tbey drank up all the old lady^ 
pans of milk, and then prosecuted tlieir march" 
onward to Canada. 

r. ■ 



' . • - 

* - 

* .. 

«' , 


* • 

s • 

" • i..- 



Vi iMiTe ppokeo in this connedioo of John- 
at a pritooer of ib« British, «t this tioM oo 

oou raoMAS jomraov 

liad dirtiiigui5hed himself at the taking of Tt- 
ooodcroga and siege of Mt. lodepeodenoe in the 
mntunm of 1777. He went out as the captain 
of a Tolnnteer oompanj from Xewbuij, but was 
part of the time aid to Gen. Lincoln, and had 
charge of 100 of the English prisoners a(\er the 
snrrender of the fort» which he marched back 
into the conntij and held in ward, where thejr 
-would not bo exposed to a recapture. From 
this time the Colonel was regarded " a notorious 
rebel,** and his capture detcrmlood on ; but he 
escaped all the traps laid for him until the 
^ring of 1781, when CoL Johnson, who had a 
contract to build a grist-mill at Poacham, went 
up one daj with the stones, and put up with 
Dea. Elkins, of that place, who was an old 
friend who settled for a time at HaTerhiU, (in 
J 774) but aft«>r 10 years removed to Peacham 
The tones, who knew he would be going up 
with the stonesy kept watch — and that night 
the house of tlio Deacon was surrounded and 
broken into, and the Colonel, Jacob Page and 
Jonathan atid Joseph Klkins (two sons of the 
Deacon) were all taken prisoneim. 

Tlie following account is from the Journal of 
Johnson,' at the time: 

•• Thur^ny, 8th. This momipg about twelve 
or one oVlnck. I awaked out of roj sloop and 
found the house be«ot with enemies. Thnnf^ht 
I would slip on my stockings, jump out of the 
window and run. • But before tliat came in two 
men with tl.eir guns pointed at me, aod dial- 
Icngod me for their prisoner, but did not find 
me the least terrified. Spon found two of the 
men old acqtiaintances of mine. I saw some 
motions for tviog me ; but I told them I sub- 
mitted myself a prisoner, and would offer no 
abuse. Skwn packed up and niarclied. but never 
saw people so suri>ri9ed as the family was. — 
When we came to Mr. Daris^s, I found the party 
to consist of eleven men, Capt. Prichard com- 
manding. Then marched seven or eight miles, 
when daylight began to appear. I found Moses 
Elkins looked very pale. I told tlie Captain he 
had better let him go back, for he was drowned 
when small, and will not live to go^through the 
woods. Do said he would try him Ibrther; but 
on my pleading the pity it would be to lose such 
A youngster, he sent him badL We soon halted 
for refreshment. To my great surprise^ I found 
John Gibson and Barlow of the company. — 
Then marched about four miles and obtained 
leare to write a letter and leare on a tree ; then 
marched. I was most terribly tired and faint. 
Camped down on the river Lamoille this night 

Friday, 9th. TiJs day marched down the 
rlTer Lamoille about twelve mUc« below the 

forksi One of the finest oountnes of land that 
ever I aaw. Camped about eleven o*clodL at 

Saturday, 10th. This day marched to the 
lake. Underwent a great deal by being fliint 
and tired. The Captain and men were veiy 
kiod to us. A stormy and uncorofortable uight. 

, Sunday, 1 1th. This rooming went on to the 
lake 10 mites, nonh of tlie river Lamoille ; 
marcl.e*) fifteen miles on the lakci then crmejiod 
the Grand Isle ; marched ten miles to Point An 
Per. Dinner bcin^^ on the table, I dined with 
the commandant of tliat f«*rt, and sapped with 
him. Was well treated. 

Monday, 12th. Tliis dny marched to the 
Isle Au Koix. Went into the fort Into a bar- 
rack, got a cooking; but the eoromandnnt 
ordered the prisoners out of the fort to a bloek- 
houM ; but soon had sent me a good dinner and 
a bottle of wine. Capt. Pridiard and 1 slept 

Tuesday. 13th. This day marched to St. 
Johns. Col. St. Ledger look me to his house 
aod (;ave me a shirt ; gave me some tDfresb- 
menis. i\^iieh I much needed. Told me 1 was 
to dine with him. Major Ro^^ers and K-tq. 
Mar^li and others dined there. Tlicu gave roe 
my parole, wliich I am told is the first inf^ianee 
of a pri.«oner having his parole in this fort with- 
out iK>me coufiucmoct. Lodged with E.«q. 

Wednesday, 14th. This morning Esq. Marsh 
and I were hivit^nl to Capt Sherwood's to 
brenkfast. Then Capt Sherwood took ibe 
charge of me and I lived with him. To my 
great natisfactioii. this evening, came Mr. Sp.'mi* 
win to fee mo, who was a prisoner to me at Tl 
Tie said, on hearing that 1 was a prisoner, he 
went to the commandant to inform him of the 
good treat me lit he and oUiers had from me 
while tlicy were prisouers to me. The era- 
mand:tnt sent hiro to mv quarters to inform me 
that my good treatment of them was mudi to 
my advantage.*" 

Col. Johnson was allowed his parole ; but was 
frequently shifted fVom St Johns to Montreal 
then to Chambly, then to Three Rivera. Tl.e 
British were anxious to win him to their cau>e. 
and he was treated with great consideration.— 
He afT-cted as much indifTorcnce from the first 
as he could, bv wliich course he soon Icarm-d 
their intentions, aod concluded that if they wisli- 
ed to play Taukeo with him, he would tnVe a 
game with them. Eveij day he grew colder 
and colder to the cause of the colonies, until 
they came to c^mnt so stire on him that aAer 7 
or 8 months they proposed to let him return to 
Newbury on his parole, upon condition that be 
should lodge and provision their scouts wbcs 
sent to him, and Aimfsh them what infunnntioo 
he could of the movement of the Americao army. 
The Colonel made no •crupls^ and they drew up 



the foUowiog mgreemeui which b* sigoed, and 
WMB ceturaed to hit fiumlj in Newbuiy : 


" I Lieut CoL Johnson, now at St Johns, do 
bcrehj pledgo inj faith and word of honor to hit 
li)\ec]Iaocj, Gen. Haldimand. whoso permit 
sioD I have obtained to go home, that 1 shall 
not do or tdy aiij thing contrarj to his majcs- 
[y't iuierest or govern men t, and that whenever 
required so to d(\ I shall repair to whatever 
place ExecUencj or any other, hit majcst/s 
»intnAnder-in-cbief in America shall Judge ex- 
pteJicut to order me, until I shall be logallj ex 
zhau.'cd. and such other persons as shall be 
igrL'ed upoa sent in my place. 
Cjh'MU under mj hand at St Johns this flAh 
day of October, One Tlioosand Seven Hun- 
dred and Eighty-onsi 

Col. Thomas Johnsox.** 

Ilie fortune of Page and Jonathan Elkins was 
rerj different Page was sent to Montreal, and 
lever lieard of afterwards — and Ellcina was car- 
-ied imtnediatelj to Quebec, where he was im* 
>nsoncd till faU, and then sent in a prison ship 
Eti^lund. where, ho suffered many hardships 
D Mill prison till the great exchange of prison- 
irs in June, 17S0. Col. Johnson returned to 
rermont. and was not called upon for any ia- 
brraation by the British till the January fol- 
owing (17S2) when he sent by Levi Sylvt*f»ter, 
•f Xewbury, two letters — one to General Hold- 
mand, and one to Prichard— .ind a newspaper 
hat hud an acciunt of the surrender of Com- 
rallls. Sylvcj»ier had brought him a letter from 
! uiih and a message from Major Rogers, ** who 
ad come into the grants at tho head of a strong 
cuui, ' and was at Bradford, to come and see 
i.D. Johnson did not get round lo go in pur- 
uit of Rogers till some days nfler, when he 
■>'iDd that he was gone. 

At tiiis time CoL Johnson was painfully *' op- 
res*i-d with his pecjjiar siiuatioa" He 
aw he was liable to bo regarded us a trai- 
:>r— by the British ou one hand, by his ooun- 
ryraen ou the other. Accordingly, in May ful- 
Jwiiig, he sent Smith's letter that he bad :«. 
fcivcd, with a copy of his letters to Gen. Hald- 
naud and Prichard, to Gen. Washington. He 
Uo drew up a document which he sent at the 
^Mc time, giving a detailed account of his cap- 
Jrc, impriMnraent, treatment, agreement with 
^t Briti«h, ** and hit motives for doing so, and 
^tb the aocompanying letter, which is a suffl- 
i«ot expletive of the whole.** 


•* Xcwhurif, Jfay 30, 1 7«2. 
May it please your Excellency to indulge 
le while I say that in the month of March, 1761, 

I was taken a prisoner, as set forth in ny niir- 
rative, continued in Canada untU ScpCerober, 
when I obuined liberty to retrim home on p*. 
role> which I could effect only, by engaging to 
carry on a correspondence witli them. This was 
my view, to got what Intelligence I was abis 
rei«pccting their pkms and moveroeots, and in 
hopes to be exchanged, that I might be able, in 
a regular way to have giren some importint in- 
telligence. I have uken such measures as 
seemed roost likely to affect tlie same ; but as 
these have hitherto failed, I find the season so 
far advanced as not to admit of further delaf 
without acquamting your Excellency. 

The proposed pbn of tlie enemy fbr the last 
campaign were frustrated for want of- provisions; 
but they determined to pursue them this spring 
as early as passible. To this end they have 
used their most unwearied endeavors with Ver- 
mont to preiMire the way, which they have in a 
great and incredible degree brouglit to pass and 
is daily increasing, and nnle»s 9ome speedy titop 
ia put to it. I dread tho consequences. I entreat 
your Excellency that if possible, by a regular 
exchange, I may be enabled to give all the in- 
telligence in my power without hazarding my 
character, which, otherwise, I am determined to 
do, at llie rUk of my honor^ my all^-and, perhaps, 
to the great injury of hundreds of poor prisoners 
now in tlioir hands. Having had experience^ I 
am grieved to think of their situaUon. This in- 
fomal plan of treachery in Vennont (as I hare 
oA«n heard in Canada) was contrived befbra 
Ethan Allen left the British, and he was en- 
gaged o'l their side. It fan through tl»e country 
like a torrent, from New York to Canada, and 
the present temper of Vermont is a piece of the 
scune. Were the people in general upon the 
grants on this side of the mountains to declare 
lor New Hamp-hire or New York, it would be 
conirary to the agreement of their leading men; 
and unless protected by your Excellency, the 
innocent with the guilty would share a misera- 
ble fate. This part of the country being sold 
by a few designing men, of whom a Inrge num- 
ber are retj jealous, a small number hare by 
me their informer, or otherwise, got the certain- 
ty of it, and it puts them in a most disagreea- 
ble situation. They are desirous of declar'mg 
for Now Hampshire; but many of tlieir leaders 
earnestly dissuading them from it, it keeps ns 
in a tumult, and I fear tho enemy will get so 
great an advantage as to raise their sUndard, 
to ihe destruction of this part of the country. 
Thejr keep tlieir y^pies crmsUntly in this quarter 
without molestation, and know every movement 
and transmit the same directly to Canada; and 
when matters take a turn contrary to llieir 
minds, we are miserably exposed to their serer- 
est resentment. I am entirely devoted to your 
ExcelK-ncy's pleasure. Should my past oob- 
duct meet your Excellency's approbation, my 
highest ambition will be saiislled ; if not. deal 
with me as your wisdom shall dictate. I most 
earnestly entreat your ExceUenoy to moditat# 
a moment on my critical and perplexing situa- 
tion, as well as that of this part of tlie conntir, 
and that I may receive by Cant Bailey, ths 
bearer, who will be able to give you further la* 
formation, your Excellency's pleasure \n this sf 



i • 



* K '. 

i . 




l" f 



fidr. I bt% le«r« |o mibscnb« tnjttVjwtr Bx- 
celWDcy't most •inoera tnd mort de?t>tod ter- 

TftDt TBOS. JOHKSoy.** 

The Colonel did not know old Governor 
Tluimai and the Allena were pUjing chcee with 
Conjrrefle— using the British os a diock against 
Kcw York — and he had seen enough while ■ 
priffonir in Canada to make anj Oiie not ao- 
quaiuted wiUi the game tremhle fur tlie (ate of 
his coautry. Neither is it st all strange tliat a 
man wlm liad been permittod so liberal a pa- 
r«»le, and was liring in the eujojnoont of his 
own home at Newbury, guiug aliout his o^-n 
secular busineMf was too great an ol*ject of sus- 
picion among the lea«ling men of his Sta'.e to be 
entrusted with State secrets. It was conlrarj 
to British custom with, stauoch patriots — such 
a parole : and the lending men understood with* 
out kuotrtng his motive^ that he wa^ in secret 
corn.'i>pondenco with the Briti*«h. Tliej had 
their spies orer him and his movements, and 
knew when he was visited bj British parties 
We have seen some intcri^stini; letters of Ira 
Allen and his correspondents on this nbjoct. 
aniuug t!ie antiquarian papore of the late lloury 
Stevena and. at hesf% it is a painful fict in the 
life of tliis brave oflBoer of Mt Indejtendcnce and 
Tort Ti.** memory, that notwithstanding all 
his eflort** to dear up his relation witJi the Brit> 
ish, the asjiersions lieaped upon him bjr the 
TThlj^s for his course at this period, clung to him 
and cast a cloud over his whole after-life. He 
poured his confldi*nco into the ear of WasUiug* 
ton, and on tlie other hand, the men bj whom 
he was doubted poured in their suspicions. 

Washington sustained him in some measure, 
at least, as may bo seen by the following letters 
and account given ; but whether it was from a 
diplomatic motive, or a generosity to tlie man 
who had thus cast himself upon his protection, 
or an assured ihith in the man, U is an undeni- 
able (act, he never granted an exchange : 


'• 7b Q»pL Tkomaa Johnson, Fader, Ni IL { 
Uead Quarters, 14 Juno, 1782. ( 

••Sir: I have received your faror ptT Copt Bai- 
ley, and tliank you for the information contained 
and would beg you to continue your communi- 
cations whenever you shall collect any intelli- 
fence you shall think of importance. It would 
give me real pleasure to have it in my power to 
effect your exchange ; but some unhappy dr- 
comstanoes hare ktely taken place, which, for 
tlie present cut off all excluuige. If you can 
fidl upon any mode to aooomplisb your wishes, 
In which I can with propriety give you my aa- 
dtUooi^ I shall bo very gUd to afford it 

I am, sir, Ac 

0. WaBBixatoa.** 


mnoL joBxsoy to gk«. w^shixotox. 

- Kxeier, Jufy to. 1782. 

I am oblifred by your ICxGellency*s lavnr of 
the 14th of June, to acknowledge your Kxccl. 
lency*s goodni'S^ in offering your asi<i)ttauot> in 
myexetiange. I think it pru|ierto gi«ea mtire 
particular account of my situation, and hav«* en- 
cloeed a copy of my pNn»le for your pvruMl. I 
think, agreeable to the paro e, they cannot re- 
fuse a man in niy roo^n, oltliough there in no 
exchange agreed on. Your Kxci-lloncy wiH de- 
termine on my nink. I was lield nt Cunadu a 
lieutenant colonel in the militia. I w»s a cap. 
tain, and nfiorwanh* cliosen h lieutenant -colonel 
ill the militia, agreeably to the ordvr of the As- 
sembly of N-w York; but being at a 
distance before my coromisHion could reach :ne. 
Vennotit cl.iiroed Jurisdiction and I never Imd 
this commiMion. and I told thcni the suaic ; hut 
I w.'is obliged to acknowledge myflclf ^lucli iu 
my parole, or I could not have aroomp!islK d my 
deHi)fn My situ.iiion grows more dintre^Mng. 
I have been ex)iObe<l by the infirmity or t!ie im- 
prudence of a gentleman, one that wc cc»uld 
not have expoi*ted it from. I have received 
nothing of much iniportatice since my last. I 
have since received a confirmution of their in- 
tention?* to execute rigorous meaHurcs iipiin«t 
tho oppo^eri of Vermont, I have fears i»f an 
Invasion on that part of New Hampshire by the 
imprudence alK>ve uientione^l. I have fears of 
the oorre!*p«>iidence being stopped; have wrote 
to r.inad.i: sir.ix* whic.") by agreement C\i|»t. 
Pricliard was to nic^et on Onion R:ver. ii:o li'ih 
c^ tills instant Private concerns broutjiit me 
here at thii time. If 6m«pieion dont prv*vent, I 
exi>ecl sometliiug t)f imitortance waituig for uic ; 
should it prevent, ph.iU stand in the )'r<^**^^'-^ 
need of a man to send in exchan;;e for me. I 
am sir, your most humble servant, 

Tugs. Johnsok.** 

vesuech wearr to oex. wasnikgtox. 

^'Hampton /h/tt, Mir. 26. 1782. 

'* Sir — ^Tlio bearer. Col. Thomas Johnson, of 
whose conduct with respect to pn>curing intel- 
ligence from the enemy your K>cellency Las 
been informed, now waits on you to communi- 
cate something which appears to be important 
From cvtrj information I have been able to ob- 
tain, I have no rea«oa to su«tpoct his hone.^tj 
or fidelity. His situation at this time is very 
difficult, as he will fully inform you, and rt^ 
quests your as^isiaoco in such way aj« yon may 
think pro|)er. I cannot help expre^^^iug my 
fears of what may bo the consequ* i»ce of the 
negociations carrying on between Vermont and 
Congress, of which there now seems to be 
scarce s doubt . 

I hare the honor t«) be, with the greatest re- 
spect, Yours, kc^ 


•• Atkinmn^ Stak <if Ntw ndmpehirt, } 

Kovember 27, I7b±) 

•*I take the liberty to address your Excelleo- 
cy respecting the unhappy situation of Lt CoL 
Johnson of Newbury, Coos,who will take charge 

I • 



of this letter, and do bimMlf th« honor to wtit 
on jrour Bxcelleiiev in person. CoL Jolinnon 
is .ie^irous of giviiif^ to jour ExcelUncj everr 
infitrniation in hit (tower, reUtire to tbo uioa- 
tio.i, ftreii^ih and di'sigiii of the eiieroj at the 
Durtltward, the eoibarru^f^od Ftate of allaire in 
the c^miiinr where he lives, and more particu- 
larly the ineligible circuni»>tance« in which hia 
own person, family aud domvatlc oouc«jrua ore 
uiili'ippiljr iuvolved. 

I liavo no doubt he hath been ungeueronslj 
d»vcive»U injuri.Hl and betrayed by toiue )»or»ouP 
with whom he found it necc«mr>' to intrust ccr: 
talu Si', to him of groat iutportanco, aud 
from wholly ho had a chiini to* better treatment. 

T:*c latter end of li^t mouth 1 receivi'd a let- 
ter fn»m Col. Johnsou. the coutenta of which 
ho will m;ike known to vou ; and 1 nhould iiuve 
tlicn dane myself the Itoiior of trans.niitiu< the 
i^iiue. with ttoiue other ioforroation, to your Ex- 
oliiney : but ou a conference I had with the 
prc^lfleiit of this Slate, it Wiis concluded that 
intrusting aflfaini of that nature to common 
po.^t- riders would be uns.ife for the public, and 
d.iti^erou« for Col Johuaou. and tliat it waa in* 
cxp<>dieiit to detach an expriSi* on puqH>se, a« 
it wa< adjudged probable your Kxcelh*ncy had 
•u<-h a variet}* of otiier cliunneUi for information. 
tliat there was little pro<«pect ofgivitig new and 
imj^ortaiit intelligence. From thtt host inform- 
al i«>o I have l>eeu able to obtain, my own ob- 
pervation, and the j>ers4»fial knowledge 1 Imve 
ha'i for a.ime year^ pa^t, of C-oU John^^on, 1 am 
led \vii*)iout hesitating to conclude, that lie is a 
L thful and sincere fncod to the iiidei>endeiice 
of these United States ; that he Would coi:trib- 
ute every tiling in his power to promote the po- 
hti. ul salvation of this his native country ; and 
that he is a gentleman oy Vhoi^e tIeelaraOoc 
yoiiT Kxcclhncy may place full depiudence. 
1 have the honor to be yi>uni, ^, 


Mr. Peabody was a member of the council in 
17^*, and afterward a member of Congress from 
New Hampshire. Jared Sparks gives aoertifl- 
cat»» signed io 1.^.^5, which, with these same let- 
ters, may be found in ••The HUtory of the Co- 
os Country,** that the foregoing are true cop- 
ies of the original letters in his possession. 

CoL Johnson was greatly pleased with the re- 
ception that Gen Washington gave him, and 
lie would, *till near the close of his life, narrate 
with great satisfaction the particulars of this in- 
terview, and that oe had the full approb.ition and 
"Tajpathy of WashingtoiL He did not effect his 
exchange, as before^stated — ^but peace was con- 
eluied in less than two mODths aller this visit, 
which relieved Johnson from hit apprehension 
of the retaliation of the British, wlio, exasjier- 
ate I by the escape of General Bailey, and the 
icvusatioo of the tones that Johnson had aided 
bis escape, gave oat that he vhould be brought 
Wk to Canada, and hia buildings burned to Uie 

By aoroe meana cot known to ui*— porliapi 
in applying tor a penatoft — lie bad lei all tha 
documeata rehiting to thia affair go out of hia 
handa, many yeart before hia death, and had 
thereby deprired himself of all document aiy 
proof in his faror, which he particularly lament 
ed. and went down to bit gra\a under the aad 
imprcsaioo tliat they were all irrecoverably kjit. 
These and some other papers bearing on tba 
subjects but giving no additional information. 
Were, however, found among the private papers 
of Washington, and came into tbo pomesaion of 
Rev. Mr. Sparks. CoL Thomas JohnM>n died 
at Newbury, Jan. 4, 1819, aged 17 years. 


Rev. Peter Powers came into Newbury in 
I7C4. lie was bom in DunsUble, N. H. Nov. 
29, 1728. and was the first child of CapU Peter 
and Anna Powers, who in January, 1731, made 
the first settlement in Uoll'is, N. H. — their near* 
est neighbor for 2 years. 10 miles distant, and 
for about 12 years witliout schools or mi-etinga. 
But tliey carried with them, says their biogra- 
))her, the love of God in their he^irts, and in- 
structi'd well their children in Gospsl princi- 
ples ; and Peter was pious from his early youth. 
To Peter as their oldest son, llioy looked for 
support in the r old age, and a auoi'cssor in the 
homestead. But as he grew in years a groat 
desire grow in his heart for a collegiate educa- 
tion. If is parents would not listen to this, and 
the subjiH;t was dropped till one " calm summer 
evening, Peter was abseot at the hour of pray- 
er : nor did he appear when it was necemaij 
Xo close and secure the house against the intni* 
sion of Indians ** Nor did he npi>oar during the 
whole night, which the parents speut in listen* 
ing, prayer and great anxiety. Peter had nev* 
er dode so before^ The day at length dawned, 
and the lather unbarred the door to go forth in 
search of his son, when he saw Peter ••emerg- 
ing from the forest,** and coming towards the 
house *' with a solemn and downcast look.**— 
The Caher beheld his sou with joy, because he 
had received him safe and sound, and with re- 
sentment because he did not rappone tliere 
could be any adequate cause to Justify such an 
absence without the knowledge of his family. 
*' Tet he restrained himself and called for no 
explanation till the hour of prayer, when be 
was acciutomed to administer reproof if it was 
nocessary. Tlie family being seated, and a por- 
tion of scripture having been read, the father 
paused, and fixing a reproving look npoo 
Peter, aaid, **where did joa spend the nigfali 

I - ■ 



\ : ' 







* t 



Peter r The aoD, exoeedinglj embarraaeed, did 
not return ao explicit antwer. The Cither more 
atenil/ repealed the qoMUon. Tears courted 
down Peter*! cboek% be tdntXj replied, *'I 
spent it in the woods, sir.^ ** In the woods.** 
inquired the Cither, "^10 did joa q>ond it?" 
*' I u prayer, sir.** There was a pause, ** the sub- 
dued soul of the (atlier rasbed to the eje.** Ho 
resumed the inqoirj in a sodenod tone. '* Mj 
son, wbat were jou prajiiig for during the 
tigliir "That I might go to college.** ** What 
would JOU go to college for 7** ** That I might 
be prepared to preach tho gospel to sinners.** — 
The fatlior turned nnd looked upon his wife, but 
did not speak. As soon as he could command 
his Toice ho led in the morning pra/er, and as 
soon as Petor wont out said to bis wife in s trem- 
ulous Toice, '* I do not see but we must give up 
tlio matter, and let Peter go to college.** Peter 
went to llan-ard and graduated in 1754, which 
was the same jear that hi9 lather explored the 
Coos country. He was ordained and settled 
first at Newent, now Lisbon, CL, wliere he re- 
mained for soveral years. He was 36 years of 
a;;o when he camo to Newbury — where, as al- 
ready staled, he gatliered and oipinized the 
flr«t church in the Coos settlement^ — his parish 
extending over the two towns of Newbury and 
Haverhill — tho two settlements for nearly 20 
f eirs harmoniously Ibrming one church. In the 
fall of tho first year of his settlement, be per- 
fonnod the first marriage ceremony in his new 
pari5h ; the marriage in the tent of Judge Wood- 
ward upon tho m^'ndows of Haverhill — ibo par- 
ties the Judi^o and pretty Hannah Clark, just 
fifteen: Ephraim Bailey and Hannah Fellows, 
groomsman and bridesmaid. This '*iallirg In 
love** and opposition, this clandestine marriage, 
all which are pleasantly told in the old ** History 
of the Coos country.** Mr. Powers had also 
the honor to perform the first marriage ceremo- 
ny in Hanover, and it is quite probable In some 
other town, as be was the only minister north 
of Charlostown for sever.1l years. It is record- 
ed of him that ** his labors were abundant,** and 
the church increased ** by additions from time to 
time firom both sides of the rirer, until it con- 
sisted of a goodly number of persons,** and **be 
was frequently called to attend Ibnerals and 
weddings, and also to preach lectures at infant 
settlements upon the river.** Before there was 
a Ibot-path upon the banks of the rirer, be used 
to go to these appointments in his canoe ; and 
it is said when making these Journeys, if he 
bappensd to see a^y of the aettleri felling trees 

upon the banks of the river he would pause in 
rowing, lift his oar to attract their attentioD, 
and calling to them make an appointment to 
preach *' in that place, on such a day and at 
such an hour.'* These appointments were very 
popular with the settlers, and tlie good news 
would soon spread for miles around, and when 
the minister came he would find his audience 
in waiting; ** seated on stumps and logs around,** 
ready to listen with reveronoo and attention^ 
a minister was regarded as a great man in those 
days, ss I have heard old people say, a great 
deal more than now, and his whole person end 
character to Uiem was invested with a certain 
awo or ssnctity ; or ihat by the elders he wss 
held in great respect, and by the young in god- 
ly fear. 

In meeting bis sppointmeots, Mr Powers 
was noted for punctuality. Aim certain time 
it happened he had given out one of these ap- 
pointments in passing down the river, to preach 
upon his return. Meantime there fell one of 
those great rains that always quickly swell the 
Connecticut, ^nd will in three hours, perhaps, 
increase the rapidity of its currents so it is re- 
garded dangerous for a single boaC The peo- 
ple were well aswured he could not this time fill 
his appoiiitment yet so proverbial was bis punc- 
tuality, they met to see tho result One man 
espoci.illy, knew Mr. Powers would not return, 
and of course another man knew then he would, 
and a bet was laid between them. The one 
who tells this story remarks. ** neither one w.*Ȥ 
pious.** ThU little wa;;er created a greater in- 
terest, and every one now watched the river.— 
It was twenty-five minutes to preaching time 
snd no man or boat appeared yet in sight The 
man who made the bet was exultant ; the ex- 
citement was absorbing. It wss fidcen minutes 
to the timo. but all of a su Ideu rode Mr. Pow- 
ers and his boat into full view. He had kept 
so dose to the inland shore to so avoid tbs 
stronger currents, they had not seen him. He 
appoarei ** as if by magic, and not half the dis- 
tance from them upon which their eyes wers 
fixed. An insUntaneous s'lout went up that 
made the woods ring, and Mr. Powers stood be- 
fore them at the appointed moment** 

•• Tho Rev. Mr. Powers,** says the Rev. Grant 
Powers, "was a serious, godly man, and more 
distinguished, I should think, for his plain, faith- 
fbl and pungent preaching, than for grace in 
style or diction. He preached mostly without 
notce, and yet ho generally studied his sermons 
Those I have seen in print exhibit tliougbt, ar- 



ruugeoMfiit, a deep koowlod^ of tbe scripture* 
nod ft soul Aill of tbe lore of CbrUt mod of the 
touli of meo. His labom were ubandaiit*' — 
** Mr. Powen beiog tbu^ Icdowd aud beiug ^n- 
tTjDjr loved and resiiected, did tnucb to inci^asc 
tlic »ettle>Deuts at Coos. Persona o(leo atteud- 
cti wrorsUip there from Tbetford, Orford, Brad* 
furl aud PicrmoiiL There wof one Dca. How- 
ard, who usL'd lo ride to Newbury ofteu with 
his Wife, to hear Mr. Powers, and ho loved him 
M his own souL At this time there was uo 
laveru betwcron Ciiarle^towo and Coos, and ad- 
vent uri-rs hud cdled on Dea. Howard, some 
makinj; com|K'09dUon and some not, until \n< 
means for subsistence were ntniiiui^ low, and 
there was a sort of hm opened about 3 miles 
north of him. He re.<u))vod to eotertaiu no more 
ftraii^era, but send hereafter all such applicants 
ou to the uew taveru. Now it hap|»ened one 
dij after this Mr. Powers jiassod down the riv. 
cr on horse-back, and Ufion his return, findin^^ 
ho sliould b^ o\-eri«ken by the night before he 
eo-iM r«'ach the inn, Hud as it bi^gan to raiti just 
\>vi>)Te lie reached Uie l>cacon's, he thouglit he 
Would st/»p there over night. It was in the 
dusk of the twilight as ho rode up and t;ip{H*d 
at tlie door with his whip — the Deacon euming 
10 th • door inquired what was wauled. Mr. 
Powers answered, he was Joumeyinj^ up the 
river, and overtakeu by the night and the'raiv^ 
tnd would like to stop with him over night — 
*' Keep you,*' &iid the Deacon in a gruff voice, 
" wc have kept folks here till tlioy have eaten 
us out of house and home. We cannot t^ke 
you in.'' Mr. Powers urged that ho was fa- 
tig'ied and did not know how to proceed fur. 
t}j<^r, and would par whatever he should bo dis* 
poNed to charge. *• Xo, no!" said the Deacon, 
" there is a liou^e of entertainment ahead, and 
yoa mufi go ihercL** 

. By this time the old lady had come forward, 
•nd was I'ioking over her husband** shoulder, 
l>tcaing to the cotiverswtion as it proceeded ; 
si'd ab Mr. Powers began to turn his horse 
sway from the door, she said to her huxband, 
**It »ceros to me that man sfieak^t like Mr. Pow. 
era, of Newbury.'* *• Mr. Powers! Oh no!** 
Slid he. ** But why don't you ank him who he 
is.*' said she. " I douH care who he is. I can*t 
keep him,** but, at the s^tme time, stepping from 
Lis door and advancing along after Mr. Powers, 
he said, " where ftre yoa from, sir ?" •* New- 
^ury.** •' Prom Kewlury r - Tes sir.** " Well, 
jou know tbe Rer. Mr. Powers then, donH 
jotir ••Te^ very weU." - And be is a very 
good ntn aint bet" ** Some have e rery good 

opinion of him,** said Mr. PowiTs. ** inuHi bet- 
ter than I haTe.** •* Well, you may go along.** 

By this time Mr& Howard bad come up to 
her husband, in the niin. and us the Deaooa 
turned to go in slie affirmed, ** I do believe thai 
i» }fr. Powtr$y The Deaeon suddenly turned 
and making ra]dd strides after tlio retreating 
sirangiT, cried out, **8ir, wliat is your tuiifM." 
•' My na:iie is Powers,** was the n.*ply. "Ton 
rascal r exclaimed the Deacon, and drew him 
fro.n the horse aiid held him iast until lie goi 
him into tlic house, where he made all conce^ 
Hi'ous to the mau ho loved above all otben. JL 
very ple:tsaiit timo they had over it, and the 
Deacon would reUio the adventure with much 
emoii:>n until the close of his life. 

Mr. Powers was pastitf t/ Newbury nearly 
20 yc^ats, and with the exception of the troub- 
les which grew out of the rcvolutiouary war, 
Ills union with this pi*op1o was a very happy 
one. But he was a high whig in his politics, 
and the zeal with which he preached and la- 
l»ored for the Anerican cause, drew U|h>q him 
tiie lieroc hatred and malediction of tbe torieft. 
Ho was OMc of tlio three already named, wboee 
Hjieeial object it was of the British and tones 
to get into their {lOwer, and having good rea- 
son to fear taey would put their threat into ex- 
iHMition he removed over into Haverhill to reside 
with his pirishioners on tliat side. This dis- 
|dea<ed many of his Newbury p irt of the church, 
** and although hcc<»utinued to preach in New- 
bury on^-half of the time for a year or two, yet 
ic resulted in his dismission from tbe churdi ia 
Newbury, some time in HSi,** 

The proposition of tlie division of the ocde- 
siastical union between Newbury and llaverhiQ 
had b^^en previously made, and there had been 
*' a prop4»!<itiou coining from Mr. Powers as early 
as December, 1781, for an agreement between 
the town of Haverhill and the town of Newbuiy 
to be 9 .^}>arate parishes.** The proposition seems 
to have come through Mr. Powers, as chairman, 
from the people of naTorhill to tho people of 
Newbury, wheroui»on tho i>eople of Newbury 
voted. Doc. 31. 1781 — * Tliat tlie above com- 
mittee treat with the town of Haverhill relative 
to the Rev. Peter Powers.** But the dismhnioo 
was not till after the removal of Mr. Powers to 
HaverhilL Tlie ecclesiastical council of the 
churches called Tor his dismission, sat in Haver- 
hilL and Newbury church did not unite with 
the council The church in Haverliill was iio| 
constituted a si'parate church (or several years 
aAer this; but Mr. Powers* dismission from tbe 
Newbury obureb, led soon ** to the dissolution 

• i 


* » 



! r 





uT ibe Quion bot«rc«a Ncwburj and HaTerbill 
ID all eocl«siAstacftl oouoenM,** and it does not 
appear that tbej ever assisted each other id 
•upportiug the gospel aiterwardt. ' 

Xle proaclied sUH a je^ or 1^*0 id HaTerhill, 
and soinetimet od funeral, and perhaps other 
occasion^ for particular friends in Newbury ; 
but there whs uo organized church in HaTer- 
hill during his staj ; nor till 1790, some jears 
aAer his departure, and there were but two 
male members of Newbury church that be- 
longed CO this side, vix. OoL Charles Johnson 
and Ju ]ge James Woodward. 

Pinalljr Mr. Powers left and settled on Deer 
Lih&nd, in Maine, whore he died of cancer, Maj, 
1800, aged 72. When told bj one of his sons 
that he was dyin^, lie lookovl around upon his 
iamil? kud said, **Tlie will of ihe Lord be done." 

The wife of Mr. Powers, whose maiden name 
was Martha Hale, and who was a n.itiv^ of Sut- 
ton, Mass , was a woman of pietj and superior 
abilities. She died 8ud«lenly, at Newbury, 
Jauuaiy, 1S02, while on a visit to her children. 
Rev. Jonath?n Powers, a settled mini.<ttcr at 
Penobscot, Me« was a son of R_'7. Peter Pow- 
ers, as also Samuel Powers of Newbury, a well 
kno\ru and rcspectublo citizen of the t<»wu for 
many jrears. His oldest ton, as has been stated, 
be loHt in the service of his country. 

Among the ht-roes, als-\ of this |>eriod, were 
the volunteer company from Ncwbiirv; and 
find a:nong tiie^e should be chronicled ihe name 
of the brave conipanioa of Walhice of T>*etford , 
Ephraim Webster, who, with Wallace, swam 
tlie Cliamplain bi'tween the fleot of the enemy, 
by night, with dispatches to the .\mencan 
commander. [See account of Wallaoo, in his- 
tory of Thetford.] 

There were, at this time, in the territory of 
Vermont four parties, three of which were Amer- 
kain and had at heart the .\merican Cause, and 
a fourth which is commonly designated tory. — 
Of the first tliree, one party desired tliat Ver- 
mont slKnildcomc under the Jurisdiction of New 
York, and another th:it she sh >uld cnme under 
New Hamiishire, and a third, or which should 
I»ro;*erly be named the first piloted through the 
shoals by the .\11en% Chittenden — Gov , — the 
Rubiusons, Faasetts, Fays, te. wished and de- 
termined that the little hardy Green Mountain 
land should be so Independent State. 

And ]>erhaps we might add a fifth psrty, 
or that the party who preferred that Vermont 
should come under the jurisdiction of New 
Hampshire, in event that they could not af- 

fect that issue, were with a certain goodly 
number of New Hampshire towns, upon and 
nearest the border, desirous of forming yet 
another new State by the union of both the 
Vermont and New Hampshire river towns. 
These ** unions and controversies'* are an 
interesting field for the historian and anti- 
qoarian, especially of these respective Stat(5«. 
As Newbury was one of the mo«t imjKir- 
tant Vermont towns coucernd in this contro- 
versy, and we have some interesting Itrttora 
of her most distingub^hed citizen, Genernl 
Bailey, bearing upon this topic, we have 
thought best to introduce here fir^t the«« 
papers, and second a summary of this con- 
troversy, by Governor UalL 

The following papers from the archives of 
the State of New Hampshire, were kindly copied 
and fiimished to the Gazetteer by W. F. Good- 
WW, Capt. U. S. a. 

Concord, N. H., Feb. 19, 1870. 
Miss Hemenway. Burlington, Vt., 

At your request I have c«>pii*d from 
the volume of the New ILimiishire State Ta- 
pers, entitled, ** Vermont Cuntrovcrsy, 17G4— 
1791," in the Oflico of SeereUiry cf State, of t! e 
State of N. H. — the two letters of Jiv-ob Bar- 
ley to Meshech Weare. dated respectively Xt»v. 
6, and Nov. 22, 1780: also the Resolutions of 
the Committees of the Towns of Newbury, 
Moreto^-n. . Norwich and Hartford, wliicli iu< i 
at Thetford, Vt, May 31, 1782; also the Ko- 
quest of the Selectmen of Newbury. tli.nt Jur-s- 
diction of N. H. wight be extended ovir tt^ai 
Town, dated Nov. 7, 1782: also the PrtH-t^j- 
ings of a Town Meeting at Newbury. May :;i. 

All of the above named papers have I**.' u 
copied rerft. et lit. dpunc, including caiital let- 
ters, and forwardi'd to you, to-day, by e2ip v« 
With high Regard I have the Honor to be 

Tour Ob't Serv't, W. F. Goodwin* 

"NewbVy June 25th 1776 
••Gcnt'n.^I have Proceeded twenty .N,'\in 
Miles on the rond to Canada with Carts but I'.r 
the akrming accounts from St Johns and tv.o 
men I Beiil h J mc*fer<jfte^ noi^returniug I Law 
Caled in my work men and if* the avci>nn;s .n' 
true we have received we are In Gr. at Iji c r 
on this River in Perticuhir ht-re and a? u'i»er « ♦>• 
OS if we are not Supportini Concord is tne icM 
Place a Stand can Ik* ma<le I am of the niiuJ 
this river hi much in the Regulars Veiw an Tro- 

* SIdcs tiM dat* of tblt ]»f1rr, w^ Iwt* rrceiTH fmia 
Mr. OiiudviB TftHoas otb«r p»pvr«, all which ar« tr* 
raagwd la chfoaological order.— itf. 




Tetioni it PleutT and will be a help to tbem and 
Strike a (aUl uow to our CauM. 

** if our Troope hare 1*4\ Canada no time mutt 
be lo>l to Support tbit Couiitrj thia it from a 
Servant of tbo ColoDj and Tourt 

Jacob Baylbt* 
y.n.** SiaU Pc^ptn^ TuL iv. p 11. 

" To the gi'neral A&«omb] j of the Prortnot 
of New llampr at Kxct^r, from the Commit- 
teo« of tlie Tou-uii of Newbunr, llaTerhiU, Bath 
and Moret«.»wn, met at Newburj Juue 2.'>(h. 
n«G, On Aceouut of some verj alvrming K**wt 
from St Joliu*^ rcciivt'd the E\'eniug before 
by two Men «'f public Vemoity, from Onion 
River. Tlmt tliey mw a Letter fVom General 
SuUtTan to LieuL Allen to have all the Inhabi- 
tants of the Touiis on Onion Uiver to remove 
with all pot^iblo Di^i^itatch, not Knowing but 
the Knemr would mou be upon them, this thej 
reciivcU Ian Thuniduj Kvening. and removed 
the next daj. That it was fe.ired the enemy 
would get the up|KT hand, I lie si^-k of our Armj 
were nil sent to Crowu-p^int. In the Gen«'ral*« 
Lt'tt* r it was said tl»e He>^.ir Armj coi si^ti'd 
of «lH)Ut thirtj thou.«aud, and fifu.H'n huudred 
Canadians, uud five huu«liod ludiuna Tlie Ton- 
tini Annj wns retrouti^l to St. Johny and 
l.i^t Friday a very heavy fire of CaQuon was 
hearU all the day.*' 

** fhe Committecfl voted to ^^nd Major Jona- 
tltan Hale and TapL RobiTt JolniAtou with the 
al>ove luformatidti to Head Quaitcrs at M.iS'>a- 
chiHeitA Bay and New Ilami'^hirc. and to in- 
fcrni iliem of the dauuer us .Situation of the«*e 
Parts were in, and thut cxc \A wo are immodi* 
atily !-u]>|>orled we tfhall be obhj^ed to quit these 

•* In our extreera Panirer, as exj»osed every 
day to tl»e Enemy, the Committees be>c the Fa- 
vor ot' two hundred fire unux and ammunition 
e(| ial as so much is necc»R-::ry fir otirsoUvs.— 
And if I he above Infonnatiou be true, which wo 
dv« niti depute, but sliall send every nec^^^sary 
Iu:cli;renve we obtain, this fertile Part of the 
Ci*uniry must be soon abandoned to the Euo- 
my. exci'pt timely Aid can be had of a .sufficient 
nu.'ubcT of men, anus uod ammunition and a 
fc A- Mnall Cannon, the Dania^^e of which to the 
Continental Cause is needlut<9 for us to repro- 
6out. We are GeuUemen Your humble Sor- 

•• Jaoob Bati^it I Chairmen for New- 
** James Batlt ( b<7 and Uaverldll.'* 
a: U. •* StaU Papers;' Vol W. p, 26. 

•• Newbury 27t»» August 1776". 

**arcordipff to your Defiira the 
Continental men under my Iosi»ectioD have 
Turriird and about twenty five nave loli»ted 
to Tarry uoiill the first of December to be un- 
<Jer the Command of Sami.l AtkmfOD Capt 
Jt^naihao Uobbins Lt. and Peter Du^tiQ Ed- 
ti^^u— and will wait U|>on you for the Bounty 
laarching money and further ord<*r8 as 1 did 
B'H think best to Inlist the InhabiUnU and 
bave St nt mr atkinson and the other two to 
Inhul the remainder tlie men will certainly 
ot Wan led if our arinj ^ould Procaed ovar 

the Lake we shall — Implojr then in that Ser- 
vice to make the road Dntn Cattle Ac if noi 
the Enemy will undoubtedly come to ua. I 
have Sent to GeneH.i Gates and doubtlese Shall 
in two days know the Certaintv aod Shall 
TraD»mit to you Colo Kurd will Inform of 
other matters 1 am Gen^f with the Greateti 
regard your 

Moat Humble Servant 

••Jacoi Batlet** 
y. /£ •* StaU rdjtars,'* VcL hr. jk 23«. 

[No Su}>er6cription. W. F. Goodwin.] - 


" Newbury 3^ Sept'r 1776- 

'* I find that Poctr Porter has been 
very bu^ie Colh-cting Evidences In order to 
Invalidate Daniel Halls Eved^f — but I know 
of no authoritv tor what he has been doing 
however the Evidence Kelateing Halls Car* 
ra«nor mu*>t be looketl u]»on as Enemical to oor 
Common Cause as well as all Uiose who assist 
a man SoEnemiaoal as E^x]^ Porter and thinke 
that Should any man ap)»ear from hence En* 
dt'svouring to io it before you they ought not 
to have thier liberty to return. Thomas Cham* 
bcrlin who iSwart-s Something against Hall 
has be«n very Friendly to Hall untill thier 

{dot wa.« found ont and by his Conduct must 
H* of Porters Party — as to any further Tryal 
of Kither of ihone we Condemned as Enemkh 
col Kxci']*t th<-y Petition for it 1 know of no 
authority tlioy have for it but what I thot 
was for them to be kept out of mischeaf 
which 1 think Siill thev and all such as Es- 
itou^e their Caut^e Should be Secured you wil 
I)oubtle5>ji see the nf'ed of it when 3*on hear 
the F)vidences and Tryal Certainly they tiiat 
are not for us are against us. 1 shall bie glad 
to know whether you will if needed receive 
from our State the unfriendly ^ 

I only mention thing!* as 1 hear what hae 
been done by Doct.^ porter was without anj 
nuthoriiy as 1 Supj*osed I took no notice of it 
So as to attend his Courts — 1 am Gent^ your 
moi»t obedient Humble Servt 


** Jacob Batlet" 
y. H. ** Staie Papers,'' Vol. iv. p, 196. 

[No su]»er8cription. — W. F. Goodwin.] 


*'by Serjant Daniel Booth of Cole 
Hitchcocks liegt and Capt Tap[»ens Camp* 
Taken at Quebek In Genlj. mongomerys De^ 
feat and luliitied may Last into the Roval Im* 
inegrants Deserted from tliem from Point 
Tremeble Twenty three day Since we lem 
that Colo mcLane is gone to London that 
thier is thirteen Uegements in Canada about 
4'iO men In Each that they are Sutioned la 
Deferent Parts of Canada that Sf. John John* 
son has about 1000 Indians Eichteen milee 
above Montreal that in C'anada tne Kegtf art 
as follows vii the 9ib-20-21>2l>29-dl-3'l-47 
53-72- Roval Imegranta Sr John Johnsons 5 
Comji^ of t^ie Trane 150 mariens and two 
Regt«"of Ilawiians one of Horse j« other 
foot-^reat Preparations tot Crossing tbo 
Lake— Two Vaiselt of foroe 4o 

T • • • 

V . 

\ -^ 

4 > » , • 

1 * 

• - 




■ m 






** I ihould have wrote more PerticnUr but 
ftm DOW iSetting of for New York am S' your 
Humble Sert ••Jacob Baylet" 

•• Newbury 2I»»» Septt 1776 
"To JohD*Hurd"Ei»qr 
••K a, SiaU Papen,'' VoL It. p. 3(K. 


•• Exeter 4t^ December 1776" 

I have had of Late oppertunity to Con- 
▼erMi with Indians of the St Francois Tribe 
and perceiving the Indians are Informed by 
our £nemies in Canada, that it is impOMiibfe 
for our States to Supply thorn with articles 
they need and of Course they rouAt be wholly 
beholden to and muiit join them In order to 
Counteract their Plan I inform them that it 
is in our Power to Supply them as rea-^onably 
as they can be Supplied in Canada, and have 
3Iin-d an Indian with two men ordered by 
Cap I Am4M to Proceed to the Indians llunt- 
ing Ground to Inform the Indians that we 
are rejidy to Supply if Ihey Chu^e at uper Co- 
ca in Exchange for Beaver kc as reasonably 
AS ^bey Can be Supplied in Canada, to Inform 
them that we are the Same as to them as 
twelve years Pass J — that we wonder they 
Should make thomsclvo^ Strancc that we dont 
mean to Intreat them but to Inform and un- 
deceive them. 

** foe the Service of the Indian I promi^«H] 
him a Blanket and hiM Squaw and three Chil- 
dren one Kai'h Should think it will be a great 
Savins to this State if Some Sup}>lys for In- 
dian* U' Conveyed to Ui>er Coos ana Directed 
to lie Exchanged rea5onabl7 with them for 
furs &jc for if the Indians Trade with us we 
need no Soldcers I thought it Deuty to Give 
Information beg leave to Subscribe my Self 
your very Humble Servant 

••Jacob Batlet 
•* To the non».l the Speaker of the House 

of representatives for State of New- 


to be Communicated*' 
y. IC «* State Paptr$;' Vol y.p, 169. 

•* (7e«{ Bayky writes fAttf— 

"on wedn«-sday morning 17'.** at dav break 
Col : Brown began the Attack, set at "Libert v 
IVO of our men which were Prisoners — took 
Prisoners 2^>3 of the Enemy amongst which 
Were 2 Captf 7 Lieu»» A two^ other officers 
look tiumnt Defiance mount Hope the french 
Lines k their Block Hou^t*^ at the Landing — 
2*K» Battoe* one armed Sloop several Gun 
b«mte on fridny look about 100 Pri!»oners the 
Pns»>ners are marched for Connecticut except 
the ItKk— tiHjk a Va^l Quiintity of Plunder— 
his (0«d Brown) waier craft are with a Party 
set out for the South end of Lake George — 
where are all their Boat^ Baggage k heavy 
Cannon — I have not the least Doubt of his 
Success — the Division* consisted of 500 men 
Each Col : Browns is reinforced to 700 — we 
mean to keep PosteMion of the Ground gain- 
^ at 7\f 

Xh« field it BOW opened wid« the Time it 

now come that we may intirely cut off Gen I 
Burguoins whole army if we exert ourselves 
our rCumbers are not enonc^h to keep wliat 
we have and can get — I think it Duty for 
every man to turn out with his Horse k a 
Months Provision — which will accomplish 
undoubtedly our Design — I must call on all 
friends to america to turn out k come to our 
assistance at Tycon* Jacob Bavlct** 

"CastletonSepr '5l 1777" 

** P. S. Gen I, Lincoln it gone to join 
Gel. Gates- 

X k ''StaU Papers,** Vol. viil j). 15L 




A Copy of General Bayley Letter \ 
Dated Castleton 22 Sep'. 1777 J 

Success attend us as yet in Part we 
have Cut of there Communicaton we have 
taken Tie Side Except y • old fort ho}ve soon 
to have all Lake Georg." Taken about 500 
prisoners we want help much o\ir Divition is 
only 1500 men Gen}. Lincoln is Gone to join 
General Gates you and all the Militia East- 
ward must turn out with Hors and one months 
Provition, which will I hope put an End the 
Despute this way — we find Since that the af- 
fair was Completed with in y • month 

•'General Arnold fought a Battle two Days 
ago on the Left of General Gates Great num- 
bers fell on both Sids he tuck y • 250 Prisons 
and 3 field peaces k the field — pray turn out 

•• Jacob Baylet B D G" 

•• Col Israel Morey Orford" 

y.R** State Papers,'' Vol viil. j). 151. 


"Castleton Sept 22- 1777 

** You will See by tlie Inclosed what we 
have Done, and what we are Doinf? here, GcnU 
Lincoln is Gone to Joine Genii Gates, k left us 
to act in this Quarter with 1500 men, our 
Ground is too Large for our men, theref4>re Me- 
quest that all the Militia Above Charlcstoun and 
Eastward march to our Assistance with horses 
Bringing Flower and Beef to Serve themselves 
one Month By which time I hope the whole of 
Gen'.l Hurpoynes Army will be in our hand% I 
thinic now Every man of Spirit will Turn out, 
Postering Is Good and Plenty this Way • I am 
Your Very Humble Ser^ 

'•Jacob BatutBDG" 

** I Scud about 100 Prisoners to you to Dis- 
pose of as you Think Will be most Safe, Some 
l^visibn must bo Sent to morrow, to meet The 
Piisoners as tir as one Days Travil from home 
aa we have none to Spare — The Number to 
Supply \\ ill be about 100 men Ko Time may be 
Lost in Sending along the Militia — I have no 
man to Write for me you must Excuse mine. 
Please to Send the Inclosed as far as you think 
Prop-zr — Geull Arnold has Faught the Riphl 
Winjf of Geull Burjroynes. won three field Pea- 
ces, the Field and 250* Prisoners Great Loss 00 
Both Sides J Baylet** 

•* a Coppy 

attest Peter Laberee 

K. ff. •* Stak Papers,** Vol riii. p. 15S. 



"New'bfy 5lhNaT>n77 
•• Detr S'r 

** we bare bave Taken up Nathan Noyee 
who U \aUi\y froin ooion River being Exainio- 
ioed ^Niith that he wa* Thier iu Coin|>auj with 
one Pretchet and Ruglea wbo went through 
orfori abo^it 6 wceki a^ and Pretchet led a 
Hur><« and money at John tnant, (Uuglea left 
his I Su(>iK>!ie at Oase«)** 

** Prt*ichet9 HuKinms U Into Canada to get a 
Cunjuiiiion for a Privaticr no\r fitting out at 
Pori!«inouth. under Pertence of Going to our 
Srvise other things very Criinonal Pretclict 
u liuilty of Mr. man m\M be Preri to it an 
o: ier will coine hy GoitaUiue ibr the Horaa and 
an J money ho Shull be Secured when he cornea 
ovor wUsch will bo S«Hm we muiit Kxamin In 
to the matt<^>r ^^oo•l a.^ Pritchct may Come f«ome 
oiliiT way and Clear hiiOjtclf of u« I Should be 
Glad to See you but cannot leave home at Prea- 
iiit we must Si*n4 to Kxeter ailer Examination 
of the matter." 

*• I am Toun •* Jacob Baylej** 

"A S. 

** Noycd is lame and Cannot come down 
to yon you will act Privately in the matter flntt 
a:.d Kx'iiinin whether a llorss is at mam or not 
or at Ciiscs"— 

**u(»0Q Examination of Mr Man we find 
ve hor^ with him k no money and Likewise a 
hora at Cases** 



Israel Morey Esq 
y. B. *• Stat^ Paprrs,'* TU. viii. p, 249. 

•• Newbury 20th Nov^ 1777 

** Dear Sr 
•* I hcartylr congratulate you on the bap- 
pr Rt'dtiotion (for the XfW Ktigl.ind States) of 
Gtn'i Rurguins army by General Gaies In 
whicli New hamp r Slate fir^l and la^t was very 
Instrumental Your Turning out the Volun- 
tio fl Wis Kxtnutrlinaryly ndva:ita'4(»us in tW 
affair, and now if the advantage Gained is fo|. 
lowed lijis* winter we may have Pof»'«oR9ion of 
the Like which will for the future Prevent any 
more niu^turbanoe from thu Enemy from Cana- 
da Willi but little Kxpenc© I wi^h the French 
Pri.«oiirrs mi^ht b** sent homo on their Perole 
1 t'liiik it will be of advanttge to our Cause. 

M r Ri1)Cf)ck will wait on you who is a good 
frij-nd to our CnuM? and would be Glad to Take 
^'.. ^'iiig to Albany, this no harm in his being 
^J'l I am with the Greatest Respect your Uum* 
^l! JV^^rv I " Jacob Batlky.** 



The IIon'« 

Mosh Waren" 
^^ II ^' State Papert,"* Vol riii. j). 281. 

••Newbury 6ih Nov'r 1780. 

*' Sir. I Send Incloi<!«ed an Extract of a let- 
ter from Majr Allen to CaptSalford which is 
^«ry alarming to me I <)ue>tion whether £i- 
w«r of the United Sutes may Proceed 8o Ui 


as that Extract Shews they have done the^ 
confine the Trace to this Sute as they call it 
the Threata they have made and many other 
Concurring reasons Induceth me to think the 
Letters of Importance and Negotiation men- 
tioned in the aMtract are no other but in Con- 
seqnence of Purpouls by OenL Allen to tb« 
Governor of Canada in behalf of Ven^ont I 
cannot Exi>ect any Better of a number on 
that Side the Mountains if they Cannot liav« 
their will than to Join the Enemy and if they 
do it will be bad for you as well as us. Im- 
mediate Care ought to be Taken bat the Cas« 
is men will not believe till too late I did giv« 
notice to yon of the temper of that PeopU 
and urge that yon would Insist at CongreM 
for a determination whether Vermont was n 
State or not and that without Delay in Stead 
of tltat lam informed your agent at Congress 
oppo»ed the motion wuen Put, therefore th« 
l>i»pute is not Settled and time given to th« 
Enemy to make the Greatest offers to them 
Peojde, all the Force that can bo scared from 
Canada is at Crown Point, and Onion Haver, 
and tho. Uiev hiive been for Six woeka in that 
Quarter an J it had been in their Power to 
Di.<tre<s the People on the Granta west of th« 
mountains vet not man kiled or Canitvaetd 
nor lIouKe Uumt but look on this Side wher« 
Peoide are o]>pof^ to tlte People on the west 
in tlit'ir Extravagancys they Dura kill and 
Cajttivate and have Un^n ana now are watch- 
ing to Destroy this and other Places on thie 
lUver ali^ look at York Sute what Devasta- 
tion h.ive they ma^ie even to Fort Miller th« 
Country is Ransacked and burnt is it not 
Alarming on our Part we Shall Keep a good 
look out and are Determined to oppose to th# 
la.<t I do Kx|>ect they will make another at- 
tact on this River. I wij>h yon would giv« 
orders that the mytiest Regt in you State so 
one micht be in Readynei**, while I am Writ- 
ing Lt AVhite came in from Onion River In- 
forms that a Party of Enmy are Still on 
Onion River your Troops are well that are 
here and I am much Pleased with your offi- 
cers I am GenrI 

Your most obedient Humble Servants 

Jacob Batubt" 
fSupentcribedl ''To 
The HonM 

Meshech Ware 
President of the Conncil 

•• Newbury 22»»d Novr 178. 
"Sr * • 

" •• Tlie Season is Such that the Enemy 
is not likely to do any more .MiHcheaf at Pres- 
ent we thought the Soldiers had b«-tter ba 
Diochargf^ and I Sut»|»o^e Majr Whitoonba 
Soldiers will l»e Furiough*d, tlierefore you 
need no I>tuing Comminnry here, but I Should 
think if Major ChildH or any other man .Should 
Continue Purcha<(.«ing (which I Should think 
adviseable) that Col* Charles Johnpon should 
he appointed to Receive, it will be Donblesa 
Neci^Mry that at lenut, two Hundred men it 
Sent here as Soon as the first of Febf M tbaa 


* : 


J -'..'J 

• • 

■ ? 

< 1 


• * 












the Snow and Im will bt bard and fit for 
8dow jihewing. I UDdcnttaod General Allen 
ha» mafle Peace for Vermont till tliat time 
bnt an we Dont own that State we Shall be 
their onl? butt, if tlie Unite<l States and your 
State in rerticular do not Take notice of Such 
Trea!*onable Conduct we had lM'tt«r let the 
Caune Drop, if jou had the Juri.idiction of tlif> 
whole Grantii, which 1 am sure you could if 
Ton only Denire it tJie Country would be S.ift 
but if you Split at the river you ktM^p all In 
Confution and mutt Still I>e|»«*nd for your 
own Saftv and U^ap no Benefit neither by 
Tax nor Vacant Laud which is very Consid- 
erable while the luatter liAn^ii in Siiiip<^Dce the 
Enemy may Take PoM^tj^ion (they Claim it 
by the Quebec liill as well aa well a« Part of 
Tour State) then whore i* your Slate, for my 
Part 1 am Determined to rti;ht for NewhampV. 
and the Uniu-d Statei^ a« lon^ a^ I am alive 
and have one Cop(»er In my llandn. but if our 
£xertion<< are not Greater an*l more £fl<K:tual 
another Year will End the Dosuipute not in 
our favour 

"The United State* Suffer themselves to he ^ 
atUicted Front and^'ear and on the FlankH 
did General Burggin Get Clear when that wai» 
the C.u>e with him, our Cli.iriot is in the mire. 
Praying to Herculas or France without Put- 
ting too the Shoul'ler with all our might will 
not tlo, this Frontier is the only one for five 
Hundred niilc« we>t ntmuining it i^ near tiie 
Enemy it u of Great linj>orlan«:e to you a^ 
Well as the other New En;4land Siat»** and llie 
Causa in General. Shall we forever be on 
tlie def<'n>ive an>l yet not able to Defend our 
Selves a« it is iiin»o-wible we rhould while 
Canada is in the 1 lands of the Enemy Sliall 
we not make an attempt on t^anada that Har- 
b*>ur for S|»oil»*rs ihi»'Vei» and RoUberg. 1 must 
Confers the Cau^e is Sinking So f;ist in my 
view I am willing (as 1 gee no other remedy) 
to make the attem]it if I run ten Chances to 
one to die in the attempt Sr I hope you will 
Excuse my freedom an<l give me leave to Sub- 
ecribe my Self your Honr» most obedient 

Humble Servant 

"Jacob Batlet" 

- Hon'»i» Met^hech Ware" 

'*ln pursuance of Vot»s pa«««ed and inform- 
ation pven by the Towns of Newbury More, 
t^wn Norwich and Hartford lying on the N. 
Ham|>shire Grautj* ro calle*] we*«t of Connec- 
ticut Uiver pro|>osing to take some measures 
to lie informed of the honorable Gen rl Court 
of New llami'shire whether a union of ihe 
territory aforesaid ,can be effected with the 
State of New llAmp>hi7e, in con&equeuoe 
of their claim over the same — on terms lion> 
orable and mutually beneficial ~and api>oint* 
ing Coromitt^M*s fro'm those several Towns to 
meet at Thctford in order further to consult 
on the subject and gain information therein 
in such way and manner as may appear most 

** The said Committees being convened in 
oonsegnenM of tb* Votes ana instructions 

aforesaid — aft%r mature deliberation came to 
the following Resolutions : 

** R«rsnlve<r that it evidently appears to be 
the wish and de«ire of the inbabitantA of the 
towns alK>ve named as by their said Votes 
and instructions is exprl*l«t^Kl — and aUo by 
good information it appears to be the deiiire 
of hHVeral other towns who have not had op- 
poriuniiy to le •ej.rcjieuud at this time — that 
the t4!rniory al"«'n-i4id or i»art ther<'of slionld 
l»e united with the Stale of N. llamjishire and 
be under it?* jurisdiction— provid»?<l it can be 
done on terms that may be honorable and 
mutually advantag^-ou'^ — And that we there- 
fore tliiuk it our «iwty to enquire of the i.aid 
Gt-neral C<»urt of N. Hamp>hire' whether 
agr*H-Hble to their claim afor*»»:aid — the terri- 
tory or (trants above mentioned or part there- 
of may on t^uch terms be united with and 
become a part of that Slate. — and that we 
imagine such an union might be formed to 
tlie general benefit well being and intrest of 
the whole. 

*' IWolved that if the hon. GenP Court of 
N. Hampshire are disposed or d«*sirons to ex- 
tend juriMliction over the territory aforesaid 
or a part thereof — they be earn<-}*tiy request- 
ed to Mgnify their disposition therefor to the 
several towns in their t^aid claims as soon ai 
C(»nveniently may be — and aho manifest their 
ileds redirecting judicial and other proceed- 
ings under the anthority of Vermont — ca-^ej 
now pending in Courts, Ac — and if a season- 
able adjustment of the^ last mentioned and 
otiier n«'c<^sj*ary matters <an take place — we 
have full reason to believe and assert that 
the greater part of the inhabitantii in said 
territory would readily aekn<»wle«lge the 
athority of N. Hampshire — Expecting doubt- 
les* at the same time that some direction or 
x'^'tistance will be afforded in guarding the 

*• And whereas a negotiation or correspond- 
ence has bc«n evi'lently — and from many 
circumstances we su^jK'ct is still carrying on 
by j^ersons in high office in Vermont with 
the british officers and Government — greatly 
prejudicial to the cause of America and dis- 
tructive of the final welfare of this Countrv — 
wherebv there is the utmost reason to fear 
and believe that many persons who are dis- 
|»o<e«l and doubtless do harbour and give iD- 
telligence to our enemie5— cannot be bro't to 
public justice under our proent situation— 
and other accumulated evils consequential 
thereto cannot now be reme^lied— 

•• Therefore U«-*olve«J that the Court of N. 
Hamj»*hire be re»ju««'t«*d to order a number 
of troops to the aelVnce of the frontier? — it 
being %'»m many circumstanres a]>i>arent that 
unless and assi-tanoe be speedilv anorde<l from 
some quarter — the situation of these frontiers 
will be truly deplorable: 

" Iles4»lved that the following memorial be 
transmitted to and laid before the lion. Geo. 
Conrt of N. Hampshire together with thess 
Resolutions— > and that Able Curtis Esquire bs 
appointed Agent to wait on that honorable 




G>urt with the Mme— Aod thtt faid Ag^Dt 
lif* Jf^irei and empowered to make or receive 
ruch further propOKalu agre«al)l« to Uie tenor 
iuro of »» may then be judged beDtficUl and 

" To the honorable genera! Court of New 
llaut|*i>hire to be convened at Concord in and 
fvtf fM*i State on the second TnoiMiay in Juno 
Qtxi the CotninitteoA aforesaid in the name 
au<i b<*half of the Towns above named beg 
Jeave lo renrefvnt — 

•* Thut tlie Grantees and occopanU of the 
i;r .Iter part of the laud« in the lerniory afore- 
idi'l were po>^ci*i«od of titlf« from the (.lovcrn- 
or of New Hamj*!'hire and in cxf»eoiation of 
Lrivin.: continued under the jurisdiction of 
thai iJovernmenl— 

"That the pt*ople in Ruid territory were 
very unoxjK-cK'dly und di'-agreahly involved 
in di:h«-ultie'( and calamitifS by Inking an- 
n* x«<i to New York by the royal edict in the 
Yi-ar 1701— out of wHich they ever were di- 
firiMi- and endeavored to extricate themjielve* 
—but without fUocc-:*« until after tln> memora- 
ble .un^riran revolution — when for their mu- 
tual ht-nefit and protectiou against the elTorti* 
ol iinernal and external foes they were ira- 
P^!1<<1 by nece:(i«ity to form into a sejierate ju- 
n^^iution — 

" That necessity ani necessity only indue- 
c«l the luhabitant^ of the Town« above mcn- 
tiuDt'l and many others to unite and con- 
tin»;e un'lor the new Government— Hcing un- 
justly deprived of that juriMiicijon and pro- 
l«**Uon from N«*w Hainpuhire which they 
h.ii a rigiit to ex|»e''.t and enjoy. And while 
th-y have esteemed the Congress of the 
Uiiii^'d States to be the guardians of the 
rii;:ii5 of a numerous and free people — and 
Lu'.M bc'-n rtadv to Ftand forthe in the defence 
an-l support o/ the cause of America — they 
luvK lur a long while looked to them for a 
^itileinent of our unhappy di<putoi; but 
hul.trio to no pur]H)se. 

" That while on the one hand wo view with 
k*':n«si anxiety a negotiation on foot with 
tlj'- hriiii-h greatly to the detriment of the 
puS.ic cau<e and tending to our final ruin 
wiilioui a i*peedy remidy— which we are not 
ui prt.-ent in a capacity to obtain or afford — 
on the other hand we may view our rights 
vi<<ui<-d in the mo;ft Oagrant manner and our 
lii't^rties trampled ufK>n by a number without 
reiuke or remorse — And therefore unless a 
number of men be raifod or afforded for the 
dc;. noe of these frontiers — wo must view their 

puliation to be indeed very distressed and no- 


' fiiat altho we would not wish to involve 
our^elvtifl under greater disadvantages to ob- 
t;iiu relief from our present troubles — we 
tiiink it our duty nevertheless to enquire 
^vhvilier the jurisdiction of New Hamp!<hire 
^ ly not be as real as ita daim—^nd whether 
liie territory aforesaid may not be s|)ee<]ily 
unitoj with and become a f»art of that State 
on such principles as roa? oe honorable mu- 
tually beneficial and advantageous to the 

wbol^Being persuaded that the said tern 
tory on account of its fertility Ac. may gr«at- 
ly add to the wealth and re»ourcea of New 

** The Committees aforesaid there fore beg 
that vonr honors would take the several mat- 
ters herein U*fore suggested into your wise 
consideration and re«t aiwured you will pursue 
such measures thereupon as will eventually 
prove for the be>t g«H>l of New Ilamii^hire 
and the territory afore<aid whose interest 
ought doubtless to be iose|»erable. 

•• Signed by order and in Whalf of the Oom- 
mitteett afore^aid — this thirty firiit day of May 
in tiie Year of our I^onl seventeen hundred 
and eighty two and in tJie sixth year of Amer- 
ican Independence. 

*• BiLDAD AvDRos Chairman** 

- Newbury Mav 31U» 1782 
'* at a Legal meeting of S^ town on said 
Day being a full mi*eting voted to be under 
tlie Govt-rnment of the stat** of Newhamp- 
i*hire at the same time Chose Gideon smith to 
meet a Convenhion of mombers from towns 
who fihould be of our Opinion at Threadford 
in Order to make applicaiiou to SA state of 

•• but two mpn Voted in the Negative who 
war William Wollis and Levi Silvester 

Jacob Kext | Jj^JJ^^i* 

" Newbury November 7«.*' 1782 
•' Whereas A]>plication was Made to the 
State of Newham|»shire at their Sessions at 
Concord In Juno last by Mr. Curtis Agent for 
five Towns and Inconragvment Given for Ja* 
risdiction and protection and we are Seneca- 
iile that prot^Ktion has been afforded from 
S«J Stat A for whieh we return S4 State Uianks 
in the Name of this Town and now Desire said 
State would Extend Jurisdiction over said 
Town in its full Kxtent as it is the Desire of 
the Town in General. 

•* Yonr Humble Servants." 
'* P. S. the vote of Newbury the 31st of 
May last is enclosed*' 

" Solo'h Heath "J q^i^m«*« 
"Joshua Batlet Lf K!!^?«r 
-Frye»BATLET j of Newbury 

"The Hodo) the President Council and 
House of Representitives of the State of New 



BT aox. aiuura balu— aoara assunaefoa. 
During the Revolutionary period two dis* 
tinct attempts were ma^le to unite the western 
part of New Hampshire, bordering on Coo* 
necticui river, to the State of Vermont; the 
one in 1778 and ths other in 1781, each of 
which was for a time partially soooessfol. 

• Tars B«j1»y wmm the bmb's imom. II* wm 
tb* Onmi*** or Nvvbury, l»Mt 4l*«tli*t Irrt a« 
eui*t nwkvout. I do not tliiiik tU Alvla, m I 
It. It sugr lie 8fiA*s. 18oloMOD>-41ooawi«. 


* * m 

1 > 


* t 



i ' 

i . ' 




* • 


-.1 * 


; i 

- k 




Tbe convention of Vermont hud declared 
the State inde|iendeDt in January. 1777, bot 
in consequence of the invasion of Burgojne, 
ibe government did not get into operation uo> 
der the constitution till the succeeding jear. 
puring the campaign of 1777, the government 
of New llam}>shire had shown a friendly feel- 
ing towards tliose in authority in the new 
Slate; had in its official correspondence re- 
pt^atedly addressed them as officers of ** the 
State of Vermont,** and was confidently ex- 
pected to use its influence to have her inde- 
pendence acknowledged by Congress. But 
this favorable prospect soon bei*ame cloudod. 
At the 6rst mooting of the Assembly at Wind- 
tor, in March, 1778, a committee from sixteen 
towns east of Connecticut river presented a 
petition representing thjtt their towns ** were 
not connected with any State with respect to 
their internal |»olice,*' and praying that they 
might be permitted to constitute a part of 
Vermont. The argument used by them was 
that Now IIam]uihire had been originally 
granted as a province to John Mason^ and by 
his grant extended only CO miles inland from 
the sea, that all the territory to the westward 
of the sixty mile-line had been annexed to it 
by virtue of royal commissions to the govern- 
ors of the jtrovince, and that the royal author- 
ity being overthrown, the ]>eople of the 
annexed territory wore released from all ob- 
ligations to continue in the N'ew llami^shire 
government ; and were left at perfect liberty 
to determine what jurisdiction they would be 
under. The legislature was at 6rst inclined 
to reject the petition, but it was earnestly 
pressed ; and some members from towns near 
Connecticut river on the west side of it threat- 
ening to withdraw from tin) legi-flature, and 
unite with the )HM>ple east of the river and 
form a new State, it was at length resolved to 
refer the consideration of the petition to the 
freemen of the several town^ — the decision to 
b« post|H>ned till the next meeting of the As- 
sembly. During the recess the party in favor 
of tlie proposals of the New Hampshire towns 
was diligent and active, and secured a major- 
ity of the members in favor of the union — 
At the June set^sion an act was accordingly 
}>assed, authorizing the sixteen petitioning 
towns east of Connecticut river to elect and 
•end member* to the Assembly ; and it w.v 
resolved that other towns on that side of the 
river might also be admitted into the union, 
OB producing a vote of a majority of tie In- 

habitants, or on their sending representatives 
to the Assembly. 

This mea.sure was viewed with strong dis- 
approbation by the government of New 
Hampshire. Me}<hech Weare, president <^f 
that State, in August following addressed a 
I letter to Gov. Chittenden complaining of the 
< government of Vermont in admitting those 
. towns into it^ jurif^diction : informing him 
j that large minorities in th^m were opposed to 
tlic union with Vermont, and that they claim- 
ed the aid of New Hampshire. He averred 
that those towns had been settled and culti- 
vated under grants from the government of 
New jlampshire, that they were within the 
boundaries of the State prior to the present 
revolution, that mo)<t of them had sent dele- 
gat^a to the convention of the State in 1775; 
had applied to that St.iie for assistance and 
protection, and had received it at a very great 
expense; that the state:uint that "the sixteen 
towns were not conn toted with any State with 
respect to their internal jK>lice was an idle 
phantom, a mere chimera without the least 
shadow oi reason for its support.'* And he 
added " that Boston in Ma<<sarhusettA, and 
Hartford in Connecticut, might as rationally 
declare themselves unconnected with their re- 
j^'Ctive Slates, as tho-e sixteen towns their 
not being connected with New Hampshire.** 
President Weare al*o wrote to the New 
Hamp;«hire delegAtes in the CoctinenUil 
Congress invoking the aid of that body in the 

The governor and council of Vermont being 
aware that an apjdication would be made to 
Congress, sent Col. Ethan Allen to Philadel- 
phia to ascertain the light in which their pro- 
ceedings would be looked upon by that body, 
who reported to the Assembly which met in 
October, 1778, that in his opinion the govern- 
ment of New York would not alone be able to 
disturb the independence of Vermont ; but 
that the union of the N. Hampshire towns was 
viewed with strong disapprobation, and that 
unless the Slate receded immediately from 
such union, the whole power of the confeder- 
ate States would be exerted to annihilate the 
State of Vermont and vindicate the right of 
New Hampshire. The legislature thereupon, 
after full debate, refused to form the newly 
claimed territory into a new county, or to con- 
nect it with the contiguous counties west of 
th« river. This was a virtual abandonment 
of tb« union with thoso towns, and was so 

' i 

» 4 "^ 





treated by their represeDUtivM, who, togeth- 
er with fifteen members from townt went of 
tbo river, immediately withdrew from the As- 
fembly; accompanied al»o by Col. Joseph 
Marfh, the Lieut Governor, and by Thomas 
Moredock, CoL Peter Olcott and Elisha Payne 
who were members of the Council. The se* 
<:eding members then met together and gave 
a formal invitation to the towns on both sides 
nf the rivur to moi't in convention at Corui>b, 
N. H.. on the IHh day of December following. 
At this convention eight towns west of the 
rivi'r, and a larger number from thol^e on the 
eavt Were in attendance, when it was, among 
other thing*, resolved to take moasures to 
have the whole of the New Ham]>f>hire Grants 
(Vermont) annexed to New llam)>^hire, and a 
committee was a|>j>ointed to ]tre»ent an apjdi- 
canon for that pur]K>se to the Now llamp- 
thire. li-gislaturo. Such apjdication was ac- 
corvlingly made in March, 1779, and on the 
24th of the following June, the legislature by 
formal vote laid ** claim to the jurisdiction of 
tlic whole of the New Hamj^jihire Grants ly- 
ing westward of Connecticut river ;" declar- 
ing, however, that jurisdiction i^hould not be 
exrrcisod west of that river until the dispute 
chould be settled by Congress. The Vermont 
Assembly at its se8.<ion in February, I77d, had 
voU'd and dt^lared Uiat the union with the 
New Hampshire towns ** should he consider- 
e«l AS null from the beginning,'* and had trans- 
iiiiti< 3 a copy of such vote and dttclaration to 
ih.» New Hamp^^hiro legiylature by Col. Ira 
All^n, who, by negotiation and protest, had 
e.irnc.*tly endeavored to prevent that body 
from making such claim of jurisdiction, 
though without success. 

Thus was inaugurated an unhappy contro- 
versy which continued through tlie whole 
revolutionary period, assuming different phas- 
e'i aud com]>lications at different times ; home- 
timos threatening anarchy and even blood- 
thed. Dr. Belknap in his history of New 
Hampshire, published in 1791, says, ** It is 
not ea^y to develope the intrigues of the sev- 
eral parties, or clear their transactions from 
the obscurity which surrounds them," and 
t^at "he who looks for consistency in the 
proceeding* of the conventions and assemblies 
which were involved in this controversy, will 
be disappointed.** Ferhapt a key to the ap- 
parently inconsistent conduct of many of 
tho!>e jesiding in the neighborhood of Connec- 
ticut river, on the two sides of it, may be 

found in their do5ire to be coonect4Ml together 
under one junsdictioa, in such manner that its 
•eat of government would be cstablia^hed on 
that river. This object would be effected by 
tlie proposed union of the wostera New 
Hampshire towns with Vermont^ or by unit- 
ing the whole of Vermont with Now Hamp- 
shire, and also by a division of both Vermoot 
and New Hamptihire, and forming a now State 
extending from the ridg»* of the Green Mount- 
ains to the west line of Mason's Grant. Kach 
of these projects had its advocates, and the 
same men sometimes will bo found to have 
favored one and sometimes another, as the one 
or the other seemod most likely to prove soo- 

The New York government had long been 
making great efforts to induce the continent- 
al Congress to interfere and prevent the estab- 
li.«hmeot of the independence of Vermont, 
though hitherto without succe^. But with 
the aid of New Ham|*hire, the d»?logate« from 
New York were enabled, in September, 1779, 
to procure the adoption by that body of reso- 
lutions recommending th'^setwo Sutes to pass 
acts authorizing Congress to determine the 
whole controversy, and engaging thereupon, 
to hear the parties and decide it : and the first 
day of the enduing Febniary was fix«»d upon 
for the hearing. The two 8tat4»s ]»a«»tKl tlie 
required acts, but the hojiring did not tnke 
place until S*'ptember. 1780. when the claims 
of each of the States were presont<»d and ar- 
gued at length, by their rc!»i»ective delegates. 
At this hearing the friends of the New York 
government ret<iding in the southerly part of 
Windham county were representwl by Luke 
Knowlton as their agent, and Col. Peter 01- 
cott. of Norwich, appeared for the party that 
had withdrawn from the Vermont Assembly 
in 177$, and who were in favor of a State 
embracing both sides of Connecticut river.— 
Ira Allen and Stephen R. Bradley, agents of 
the Vermont government, were present aa 
spectators during a part of the discu'^ion.— 
But when the hearing was completed, the 
Congress, instead of coming to a decision, re- 
solved on the 27th of September. 1780, •• that 
the further consideration of the subject be 

This failure of Congress to come to a dedt- 
ion was quite extensively regarded a^ equiv- 
alent to a declaration that they would not in- 
terfere in the controversies, but would leave ^ 
the people to form and regulate their owb 





1- . : 


» ' 


« * 


I i. 



8tatd orgAnizatioDS. Under tbit view of the 
subject, those id Vermont and New Hamp- 
shire, who were not satisSed with existiog jo- 
y risdictioDs, very soon entered npon measures 
lor producing a change. 

The Windham County friends of New York 
met on the 31st of October, and appointed a 
committee of thirteen, at the head of which 
was Luke Knowlton. who had been their 
agent to Congress, who were instructed to do-, 
vise such measures as should be calculated 
** to unite in one political body all the inhab- 
itants from Main's Grant, on the e&«t, to the 
height of land on the west side of Connecti- 
cut River.** Conventions for a comparison 
of views on the subject of forming a new 
state organization were held at Charlestown 
on the Sth, and at Wal|>o]e on the 15th of No- 
vember; and a general convention, at which 
all the towns on both sides of the river were 
invited to send delegates, was convened at 
CharlestowD on the 16th of January, 1781. 

At this convention delegates from 43 towns 
attended ; and it being represented that the 
government of Vermont, in consequence of 
the continued hostility of New Hampshire, 
was now willing to enter into a union with 
the towns east of Connecticut River, it was 
voted, by a large majority, to take measures 
for forming such union. A committee was 
appointed to confer with the Vermont As- 
sembly, which was to hold a session at Wind- 
sor early the ensuing month, and the Conven- 
tion then adjourned to meet at the same time 
at Cornish, on the opposite side of the river. 

State was declared to be extended westward- 
ly to the Hudson River, and 15 delegates 
from towns in that territory were admitted as 

These measures of ^he Vermont govern- 
ment in extending its jurisdiction into the ter- 
ritories of New Hampshire and New York 
caused much alarm in Conj;ress ; and an ap- 
prehension existing that, if Vermont should 
be'driven to extremities by her neighboring 
states, she might seek aid from the enemy in 
Canada — that body, after hearing, by th^ir 
committee, af;ents from Vermont, and tlie 
delegates of New York, ado)>ted resolutions, 
on the 20th of Augunt, 1781, virtually declar- 
ing, that if Vermont would relinquish her 
newly claimed territory, and reistrict herself 
to her original boundaries of a twenty-mile 
line from the Hudicon, on the wet^t. and Con- 
necticut River, on the east, she should then 
be admitted into a union with the other^. 
New Ilamjtshire was one of the states voting 
for these resolutions, and the only state vot- 
ing against them was New York. 

The annual session of the Vermont Assem- 
sembly was holden in October, 17^1, at 
CharWtown, on the New lfamp«'hire si«le of 
the river. The resolutions of Congress, of the 
previous August, were taken into considera- 
tion : but the members from the newly ac- 
quired territory were anxious to remain con- 
nected with the State, and the Assembly was 
not prepared to comj»ly with the requirerac nt 
of the resolutions. Commissioners were ap- 
pointed to negotiate with New Hampshire 

At such session of the Assembly, the terms » and New York in regard to boundaries, and 
for a union were agreed upon by the respec- agents to explain the situation of the State 
live parties — to be submitted to the several .to Congress. 

towns on both sides of the nver; andthetermn In the newly claimed territory east of the 
having been ap|>roved by a large majority of Connecticut River, a portion of the inhal)it- 

the towns, the union was completed at an ad- 
journed session of the Assembly held at 
"Windsor in April, 1781. On the ftth of that 
month thirty-five members from towns east 
of Connecticut River took seats in the As- 
sembly ; and those towns which were op- 
posite to the counties of Orange and Wind- 
sor were, at the same session, declared to be 
annexed to thoss counties re«peclivoly. and 
the towns east of the countv of Windham 
were erected into a new county by tlie name 
of Washington ; and other necessary measures 
taken for perfecting the union. At a session 
nf the Assembly held at Bennington the en 

suing month of Juns the jurisdiction of the | agree on measures to prevent hostilities, wm 

ants adhered to the government of N«-w 
Hampshire, and serious troubles soon aro5e 
from the conflicting claims of jurisdiction.— 
In some places justices, sheriff* and con«ta- 
bles appoint4jd by both Vermont and New 
Hampshire, were exerci^^ing. or attempting to 
exercise jurisdiction over the same persons. 
In one instance, a New Hampshire sheriff, in 
undertaking, in obedience to the directions 
of the New Hampshire Assembly, to reloa«e 
two prisoners from Cliarlestown jail, was him- 
self arrested and imprisoned by the Vermont 
sheriff. The latter being sent by the aoth'>^ 
itiet of Vermont, ai one of a committee to 

* ' - 



• * • ■ 

1 *4 

. I 

arrested and thrown into prison at Exeter. 
and there held ab a hosUge for the reloa»e of 
the Xew Ilaropfrhire sheriff. The militia of 
both stale' were ordered to hold themselves 
in readiness to march to sustain their re^ipoc- 
tivejurij«dictions. But the New Hampshire 
Assembly issued a procUmation, allowing 40 
davd U) their revolted citizens to return to 


thfir allegiance, by whicU a conflict of arms, 
for the time being, wai happily averted. 

In tho-month of November Governor Chit- 
tenden had addressed a letter to Gen. Wash- 
ingion, Slating the di^culties in which the 
government of Vermont had been placed by 
the threatened invasions from Canada, and 
the hostility of the neighboring states, and 
explaining the measures it ha-i been found 
necessary to take for tlw security and protec- 
tion of its people. Gen. Wa^liington, under 
date of January 1. 11^2, w^o^i a frieully re- 
ply, in which, disapproving of the re:ent ex- 
t<?nded claims of territory l»y the Stati*. and 
reooinmendiog a withdrawal of suoh claims, 
he as'*ured the Governor, if that wa« di>no. 
ill. it they would re:vlily obtain frotu Congr.?s 
'* :in acknowle<lgment of independenre and 
fovert'ii^nty under the resolve of the 20ih of 
Au'4u«t, for so much territory as d;d not in- 
tt-rffre with the anci«'nt e"«tal»li<he«l bounds of 
Nfw York. Xew Hampshire and Ma«=s:ic}»u- 
Fells." This letter, together with other pspc.-s, 
w.\s laid by tlie governor before the As-^emhly 
St its session at Bennington the following 
F^-hruary ; sn^ on the 21st of thai month, af- 
ter full con^id'-rntion, the A.sserably re>«olved 
to dissolve both the ea^t and west unions, and 
to for admi^i^ion into the confederacy, 
on the term« proposed by Congress. Thi.s 
proc*»eding of the Assembly being laid before 
CongreM, acomroitiee of that body to which 
the matter was p'ferred reported, on the ITth 
of April, Vermont had fully complied 
wiilj the reqnirementj* of Congress of the pre- 
vious Angust, and that the Slate was thereby 
eaiitled to become a member of the federal 
otiion. The report wwn not, however, acted 
^I'on, and the State remained outside of the 
confi-'leratiou for many years longer. 

There was no occasion for further conflicts 
of authority between Vermont and New 
HaiDjishire ; though the feeling of unfriend- 
hneM did not at once subside. The govern- 
OB^nt of New York continued to foment dis* 
turbances in the southern part of Windham 
county, and to orge Congresi to nsa it« aa- 

thority against Vermont * la iha bostU ef- 
forts of New York, in Congress, the delegates 
from New Uampehire concurred — probably 
witii the hope that circumstances might aris* 
which would enable New Hampshire to maka 
good her claim to>the whole of Vermont-H>r 
at least, tlirough compromise with New York, 
to extend her territory westward to the ridga 
of the Green Monntains. These expectations, . 
if they existed, were doomed to disappoint- 
ment By the year 1784 all internal distur- 
bances in Vermont were at an end, and tha 
inde|»endence of the State, though not form- 
ally acknowledged, became so firmly estab- 
lished, as to be beyond all danger of avault 
from any quarter. In 1791, after tbe estab- 
lishntent of the government of the United 
States under tlie Constitution, Vermont by 
the consent of all parties, became the four- 
teenth member of the federal nnion. 


.\moni; others we may not ibrget to men- 
tion, were Joim Taplin, Noah and Ebonezer 
AVIiite and J(»hn Abbott, all of whom shared 
the firi^t hardships of the »«cttlcmeLt with brara 
hearts and effectual courage. 

Xc-whurr was garrisoned by one or more com- 
panies of soldiore during the Kevolution, and war 
ibr mauy years the mo«it im|x>rtant town in thir 
part of tlie Sute. The Legislature held its ses- 
sion In this town in 1 797 and 1 801. Tho formei 
opoTiing Oct 11, and ending Oct 27 ; tho lattei 
opening Oct 8, and ending Nov. 6 ; Rev. Nath*l 
Lnmbcrt preaching the olection sermon la. 
1801. When, in 1771, tne Stat« was, by ad 
of logislature, divided into two counties, New- 
bury was with Westminster tlie shire of Cum- 
berland County— see County Chapters, Caledo* 
nia, Chittenden and Orange. For the namef 
of counsellorsy State-senators, and those wbo 
have lield County, State and U. S. civil office^ 
see Rev. Mr. McKecn'i list la Orange County 
Introductory Chaj>t«r, in which chapter may 
also be found an interesting account of tJie sor 
vey of tills township by Mr. McDuffee, of New^ 
bury, the account of which irai prepared for 
Thompson's Qasettaer. 

The firrt term of the County court— ^lon* 
cester County — was held here August 1772. 
and till Feb. 1774 the courts were h<^ld alter- 
nately here and at Ringsland. The impor- 
tance of Newbury at this time may be seen 
in some measure by reference to the old lim- 
its of Qloucestar County, Ac (See Orangt 




* » 

■ ^ 



•! ■.. 



CouDtj iDirodnciory Chapter by Rev. Mr. 

Speaking of the Cooniy Coorta be'mg beld 
Mi Newburj, it maj be seen by reference to 
Orange records that after the organization of 
Orange Connty in 17S5, the County Coart 
was removed from Thetfnrd to Newbnry in 
December, 17S5, to be held ** in a boose then 
being bailt for a court-bouse'* and they were 
continued to be beld here till 179C, when 
Chelsea was made shire town of the Connty. 

The following are complete lists of the grant- 
ees of Newbury, town clerks, rcpresentatiFea, 
first justicee and a table of longerity, prepared 
from the records by Mr. Bailey, present town- 


of the town of Newbury, by deed from Ben- 

ning Wentworth, dated March 18, 1763: 

Jacob Bayley, Esq., John Hazen, Ephraim 
Bayley, Jeremiah Allen, Enoch Thirston, 
David Flanders. John Beard, Samuel Stevens, 
Jof^hua Copp, John Incalls, Abper Sawyer 
Joshua Bajley, Wm. White, John Haselton, 
John Uoodwin, Simeon Goodwin, Noah White, 
Joshua Howard, Edmund Mone, Je5$e John- 
fon, Mo«4 Little, A^a Fofter, Josfph Cham- 
b^rlin, Daniel Applcton. Jonathan Brad^treat, 
Samuel Johni^on, William Hey wood, Samuel 
Stevens, Stephen Little. Ptlef Tace, Simeon 
Su-vonfi, Jacob Kent, Abncr- Bayky, Jaj*ial 
Ilarriman, John Hugh. Haynes Johnson. 
Samuel Hobart, Joseph White, Ebcnezer Ea- 
ton, Zacheus lVa>lec, John White, Jr., Thom- 
as Daiiforth, Caleb Johnson, James King. 
Thoin.'is Chamberlin, Timothy Bfdle, William 
Holdt-n, Mos«es Hazen, Ebenezer Mudget, 
Kioliard Chamberlin, Abicl Charobcrlin, Ja- 
cob Katon, Benjamin Emerson, Peter Morse, 
Nathaniel Marten, Archelas Miles, Joshua 
Haynes, Edward Baylt-v, Frye Bayley, John 
Temple, Theodore Attinron, Esq, M. H. 
Wentworth, Exq., W^illiam Temple, Esq. 


June 12. 1764, Col. Jacob Kent, 
March, 179S, Isaac Bayley, 

15. 1514, Mo»«es P. Clark, 

21. 1515, loaac Bayley, 

•• 11, 1828, Joseph S. Goold, 
Jane 6. 1829. Isaac Bayley, 
Mar. 11, 1835, Isaac A. Bayley, 
" 7, 1837, David Johnson, 
•• 6. 1839, Simeon Stevens, Jr., 
•• 2; 1841, David Johnson, 
•• 4, 1856 to '70, Henry W. Bailoy. 


1802, Joshua Bayley, 

1803. •• 

1805, Isaac Bayley, 
1812, Bea Fort«r, 



1814, *15, Isaac Bayley, 
1(18, Asa Tenney, Esq., 
1820, James Spear, 
1823, '24, John L. Wood, 

1826, Charles Johnston, 

1827, *08, Timo. Shedd, 
1829, '30. '31. Peter Burbank, 
1J*32, '33. *34, '35, A. B. W. Tenney, 
1836, '37. Simeon Stevens, Jr., 

1838, Moody Chamberlin. 

1839, '40, '41. A. B. W. Tenney, 

1842, Wm. H. Carter, 

1843, Simeon Stevens, Jr., 

1844, John Atwood, Jr., 

1845, *46, James Buchanan, 
1847, '48, Samuel Grow, 
1849, *50, A. B. W. Tenney, 

1851, Moody Chamberlin, 

1852, '53, Oscar C. Hale, 

1854, Jas. M. Chadwick, 

1855, Henry Keyes, 

1856, A. B. W. Tenney, 

1857, '58, Andrew Renfrew, 
1859. '60, Henry W. Bailey, 
1S61, '62, Hon. Abel Underwood, 
1863. '64. Wm. R. Shedd, 

1865. 'C6, Wm. W. Brock, 
1867. '^, Robert R. Fulton. 
1869, John Bailey, Jr. 


Col. Jacob Kent, Isaac Bayley, 

Joshua Bayley, Jacob Bayley, 

Abner Bayley, Asa Tenney, 

Col. Thomas Johnson, Col. Simeon Stevens. 
CoL Frye Bayley, 

STATISTICS* FOB 1856 TO 1869. 

Foa ise». 

MERCHA5T8. F. A H. T. Keyes & Co., H. 
H. Deming. F. Deming, Wells River; Bachop 
k Farwell, do.; J. M. Chadwick, Kewbory; 
Wilson A Carleton, West N.; W. K. Wallace, 
jeweler. Newbury ; Harry Holton, do.. Weill 
River ; P. N. Ladd, tinman, Newbury. 

ATT0R5ETS. Leslie A Rogers, A. Under- 
wood, Wells River. 

PBT8inA9t. E. V. Watkins A- George B. 
Cochran, E. L. Wood, Dentist ; and Ira Brown 
Wells River. 

Clerqt. David Connell, Cong., West N.: , 
W. S. Palmer, Wells River; Z. S. HayDe*. 


Newbury— Clerk and treasurer, H. W. Bsi- 
ley ; selectmen, J. Bailey, Jr., Richard Poe. 
Elias 8. Tuttle; constaUe and agent, John 
Bailey, Jr.; iupt, Z. a Hainea ; listers. Dan- 



iel P. Kimball. A. 11: Burton. Carlot E. Brock. 
oven»eer, Daniel Y. Ford. Fo$imatler9^lL B. 

Mnr^; Jam«<* Gage. Sooth; H. K. 

Worthley, BohonvilU PkyticianB^K V. 
Watkins, 0. B. C.Khran ; E. L. Wood, dcnt- 

i-i ; Tohn McXab. C^vrcAet—Cong.. ; 

Mclh . Z. S. Haines; Union. Connel.* 

Il.iiues, West N. LiUrary InftUuiion-^ 

Newbury Seminary. Merchonls^F. A H. T. 
Keye* «Sc Co., II. 11'. Deming, J. M. Chadwick, 
Cva-ral a>f*ortmeni; ?. W. Ladd, hardware; 
\\\ K. Wallace, jtwelry ; Penniman A Co.'. 

ijarJware ; WiNon A Carlton, We*t, gen. 

a-«it, .^h nu/arturfr— Dxirnni A Adams, paj*er. 
IJottl^yvwhury Hou*e. S. A. Kendall, Live- 
ry SfaNe—K. B. CUamberlm. Mineral Springs 
— Xcwbufy S|»ringn. 


Tbe following are tbe names of persons thai 
Hicl in Newbury from ISGO ap to 1808, up- 
wardh of SO years of age : 

ISt'vO.— Pec. 14, Experience Smith, 84 y'n. 
nios.. 21 days, born in Walpole. N. II. 
Nov. 4. Mrs. Abi^^ail Waldron, 87 y'rs. 10 
mo5., born in Newbury. June 9, Mrs. Phebe 
Newall Howe, 82 yVs. 1 mo., 12 days, born 
in HolJerneM, N. H. 

1S»U.— June 18. Sally Gilbert. 85 y'rs. 10 
raos., born in Rorkingliam. Maw. Dec. 27. 
Jane Parker. 90 y'rs. bom in Londonderry. 
N. H. Aug. 4. Mr. David Dailey, 81 y'rs. 6 
noa.. 2 day?, born in Westminster. March 7. 
r.obort McAli5tor. 88 y'rs. 6 inos.. 13 days. 
b'rn in New Bojton. N. H. Feb. 18. John 
T.nuTH^n, 84 y'rs, 8 d;iy.*. born in Haverhill, 
May*. May 2<5. Mrs. Mary Webster, SG y'rs. 
10 mo5 . birtbj'lace unknown. 

1 ^'12.— Dec. 13, Joghua Bailey. 80 y'rs. 8 
«ays, born in Newbury. Aug. 18. Eiekiel 
i^iil-y. b3 y'rs. 11 mo.1., 4 days, born in New- 
lury, Ma**. July 17, Samuel Gib*on. 84 y'rs, 
torn in Francestown, Mass. Oct 18. Mrs. 
J^vi-an Clark. SO y'rs, 5 mos., 6 days, born in 
Londonderry. N. H. 

1S03.— Aug. 27. Noyes Bailey. 83 y'rs. 9 
ir.os., 22 days, born in Newbury. Dec. 12, 
Cl.iri5sa Wood, SS y'rs. 5 mos., 14 days, born 
in Coventry, Ct. April 9. John Downer, 92 
y'rs. 4 mos . 6 dayf. born in Coventry. Ct. 
^ i'l. 15. EHubclh Chamberlin. 80 y'rs. birth- 
I lai € unknown, ^pt. 14, Samuel Boyce, 80 
y w. 11 mos., born in Newbury. 

leOl.— March 1»5. Boxy Matthews. 84 y'n. 
* tflv>*.. birthplace unknown. Jan. 19. Mrs. 
^ancy Smith. 81y'rs, 11 mos.. 2"i days, born 
»n New Durham, N. IL June 21, Emery Gale, 
JO y'rs. 3 mos., 8 days, born in Guilford. Vt. 
^wch 24, Dea, John Buxton, 84 fn. 4 mos., j 

19 days, bom in Barre, Mam. Jan. 10, Bath 
Rogert, 81 y'w, 10 moa., 4 dayt, boni in 
Piermont, N. H. 

1865.— Not. 13, Mrt. Sally Bowen, 95 fn. 
5 moi., 2 dayt, bom in Chichester. N. H. 
Oct 2, Miss Hepsibah K. Hood, 80 y'rt, birth- 
place nnknown. May 17, David Johnson, 
Esq., 86 y'n, 8 mot., 4 dayt, born in New- 
bury. April 21, Sarah George, 93 y'rt, 6 
mot., birthplace unknown. 

1866.— Oct 18, Joseph Prescott, 87 y'rt, 2 
mot., 26 days, bom in Epsom, N. H. Dec 
22. Jonas CUrk, Esq.. 85 y'rt. 4 mot., 23 days, 
bom in Dnmmerston. Dec 22, William 
Bailey, 90 y'rs, 8 mot., 7 dayt, born in Wett 
Newbury. Mt. Dec. 9. Jamet Smith, 85 y'rt; 
9 mos.. 30 days, born in Newbury. Jan. 8, 
Mrs. Snsan Qrinner. 90 y'rs, 8 moc, 13 dayt, 
bom in Westford, Mate Dec 14, James A. 
Bailey. 82 y'rt. 10 mot., 21 dayt, bom in 
Newbury. Aug 26. William Atkinson. 86 
y'rs. 4 mos., 29 days, bom b Newburyport, 
Maw. Nov. 13, Mrs. Anna Atkinson. 82 y'ft, 
11 mot., 13 days, bora in Newburyport Maat. 

1SG7.— Feb. 21 Sally Bailey. 90 y'rt, 8 mos.. 
13 days, bora in Newbury. July 1, John 
Peach. 87 y'rs, 11 mot., bom in Marblchcad, 

1 S69.— Feb. 18. Jacob Brock. 83 y'rt, 3 mot., 
17 days, bora in Newbury. April 7, Louisa 
C. Corliss, 84 y'm. 6 mot., 13 dayt, born in 
Germany. AprU 24. Snsannah Marston, 89 
y'rs. 8 mos., 4 days, born in Connecticut 
April 15. Sally Chamberlin, 81 y'rt, 2 moc. 
15 days, bom in ]lrebanon, Ct 

[March, the 10th Inst, we received ftom 
Judge Abel Underwood, of Welh River, a let- 
ter dated tbe 9th, rocommcnding nt to write to 
Judge Ttppan Stevena, one of the oldest men in 
Newbury, for informstion— and we wrote the 
llth, and the evening of March 1 0th, the tame 
iott., under date of March 1 9ih, received the fol- 
lowing original revolntk>iiary documentt and 
other information : — E(L] 

*•/» Convention of (?*€ J^^pretmfattres of (he 

StaU of X'CW.Tvrk. Apn! 16/A, J 7 77. 
To Simeon Sieveiit, £«>qnire— GreeU'iig. 

When-at thit Convention did. on th« 'J3d day 
of July last, order and direct the Taising and 
embodying certain oompaniea of Ilangert. or 
troopt in different partt of ihe Sute. fur the d*. 
fence of American liberty, and for repelling ev. 
ery hoetile inva<<ioa tberooC The taid troupt 
to bo under the dilution and command of tuck 
perron or periont, and continaed to long in th# 
tcrvioe at tliis Convention, or a fotur^ l^eei^n- 
tore of thit State thaU ploate to direct not ox- 


• * , . » • 

;^ >' 

I;* *. .t. 

• . t ■ • 
* •* 

* * • 

- 1 • ■ 

4." . .*• 

. ' 1 

r . 



t I 






ce«din7 the duration of the prwent war ; aud 
to be fiii>»jcct to tb« CoDtioenUl Rules atnl Ar- 
tides War, until fortlier order fniui tliis Conven- 
tion. or a future Lep^Uture of this State. — 
Kow, ihcrof )re. we the Rc'|>n-8cntativc» of the 
Sut© of Nc^-York, rejiomnjf ef(|iccia1 trurt und 
confidciioe in your patriotism, valour, conduct 
aud fidelity, DO. by these presents, constitute 
and appoint you to bo Captain of a company of 
the «iid Troops or Rang<»rs raised and embodi- 
ed in iho C<iuntics of Cumberland and Glouces- 
ter, in the Corps whereof the late Joab llois- 
ingUHi. EHq. was Major. You are tlicrtfore 
carefully and dilli;;i.*iitly to dischargo the duty 
of a * 'aptaiu, by doinfr stid |»erforming all man- 
ner «>f thingn. thereunto behmging. And we 
do strictly cnargo and require all oflBci-ra and 
touldiers under your couimaud, to be obedient 
to your ordi-rs as Captain — and you are to oh- 
serre and follow such orders and directions fh)m 
time to time as you shall receive from this, or a 
future Couvenliou of the Hi»presentatives or Le- 
gislature of the State of Niw-York, or of the 
Congrc*! of tlie United States of America, or 
Commander in Chief, for the lime being, of the 
army of the said United Slates of America, or 
any other your su|K'rior officers, according to 
the Rnh«« and discipline </ war. in pursuance 
of the tmst reposed in you. This Commission 
to. continue iu force until the end of the pres 
enl war, unless sooner revoked by the Congress 
of the IJnited i^tates of America, or the Con- 
vention or Legiflaturo of the State of New- 

By order of the Convention, 

Peter R. Livisgsto!!, Preaiiknt 

Attest, Joux McKessox, Su'ry,** 

•• This Commisson was altered by order of the 
Commissioners api>o>nted ior regulating the 
Rangers in the Counties of Cumberland and 

Muster-Roll of Capt Simeon Steve:»s' Com. 

pauy of Ranoers, undor the oommand of 

Capt. Bei\j. Wait, June Ifi, 1777. 
OtpL Simeon Stevens, 
Lieui, Amos Chamberlio, 
Lieui. Elias Stevonsi 


Jacob Batley, 
Jajces Clat, 




under the Command of Capt. Thomas John- 
son—Newbury, 16tb May. 1776. 

Thomas Johnson, CapL Jacob Gate^ 
Simeon Stevens, Lieut S imuel Hadley, 
Joseph Chamberlin, Kltjah Hall. Bamet, 

Ensign. Daniel ITalL 
Klilm Johnson, William .Tohnson, 

Jose]th Wilson, Moses Kelley, 

Abial Chamberlin, Amos Kimball, Bamet 

Neliemiah Lovewell, Jr. 
Honr}* Lovewell, 

Josiah Page, 
Jacob HaU, Bamet, 

Sffjeanis. Daniel Mills, 
Thomas nibbard, C7orit. James Mills, 

Private. John Mcrret, Bamet, 

John Beard, Jacob Page, 

Polatiah Bliss, JunV, Samuel Pearce. Barnct 
Jacob Bayley, Jun>, Benjamin 3lawlins. 
Er Chamberlin. Peter Silvester, Bamet, 

Nathaniel Cliamberlin, Moses Stevens. 
Ashur Chamberlin, L«'vl Silvester, JunV. 
Closes Chamberlin, Timothy Serjeants. 
Silas Chamberlin, Mansfield Taplin, 

Rich'd Chamberlin,Jan.Ward Thurston, 
Samuel Eaton, Samuel Webster, 

Jacob Fowler, Jonathsa Oadley. 

Mcn'i Niuncfl. 
John llunkins, 
.\sa Webster, 
Samuel McDtiflVM*, 
Richard IMlIsbury, 
John Lovoring, 
Avery Saunders, 
John Taylor, 
Thoma« Divine, 
j:idad Post. 
William Moore, 
Frederick ICariicst, 
CliarliS Chamberlin, 
Tlionias Kritt, 
Thomas Savage, 
,Seili Baldwin. 
Piiinchas Parkhurst, 
Simeon Darby, 
William Baxter, 
Moses Ifarriman, 
M<»ses Stwvens, 
Nathaniel White, 
Daniel Mills, 
Kphraim Martin, 
Robert Stimson, 
Jacob Fowler, 
David Davis, 
John Brown. 
Solomon Strong, 
Joel Chamberlin. 

Xo. y«*s Tl*met. Ko. 

I Samuel Eaton, 28 

1 Kzra Moore. 29 

3 Samuel Hadley, 30 

Serjeants. 81 

4 Daniel Stevens, 32 

5 Simon Gillet, 33 

6 Moses Kelly, 34 

Corporals, 33 

7 John Skeeh, 36 

8 John Hadley, 37 

9 Jes.H0 Hoatli, 38 

10 John Martin, 39 

11 AbleDavi^ SerV, 40 

12 Able Davis, JunV, 41 

13 William Chappell, 42 

14 Ilezok-ah Sillaway, 43 

15 John B«?ard, 44 

16 Jacob Paw, 45 

17 Nicholas White, 46 

18 James Mclaughlin. 47 

19 John Barret, 48 

20 Uvi Silvoister. 49 

21 Khenezer Scinbom, 60 

22 Uriah .Stone. Til 

23 Otho .^^tcvena, 52 

24 Timothy Serjeaus 53 

25 James Hunbrisa, 54 

26 Afihur aiambcrtin, 55 

27 Josi.ih Pratt. 56 
I Ceri'fio that the above men are Effective. 

SiUBoK Stevens, CopC 

The Rev. Peter Powers had three sons, Sam- 
uel, Stephen and Jonathan, S imucl and Ste- 
phen lived to an old ago — lived and died ia 
Newbury. Wliethcr he liad other children I 
do not know. Rev. Mr. Powers (says the lnt« 
Rev. P. IL Wliite) preaohi»d the election per- 
mon in Newbury, 1778. 

C-ol. Thomas Johnj»on had four sons, John. 
MoseH, Haynes an J David. All lived h^re. All 
bu< llaynes arc now dea«l. Hayne? \^ now liv- 
ing, aged 82 jears. He had aUo four daughters. 

I sei:d you my grandfather, ** Sim«*on Ste- 
vens*," comim<?iou and muster-roll — the Hev- 
olutionary war. Most of them dic-d in Newbiry. 

In 3812,1 will say from recollection, there 
were the foll«»wing soldiers from Newbury :— 
CoL John Bayley, Capt Levi Rodgons Lieut 
Simeon Steven-s Jr. Privates : George Avery. 
Simeon Avery, Samuel Abbott, Moses Ladd. 
Burroughs Ladd, Jeffrey A. Baylor, George 
Bayley, Will'mm Spear, F«dward Rollins— all nro 


Inforroatton io regard to tho Methodist* in 

I - 






town will be fbroithcd jou br the Her. Z. S. 

Before the Methodiiitii came, perhap« atKmt 
1806. tliere wiui a «ifijill socictj of ''Cbrittiaos,*' 
wbich became extinct about 1810. 

Charily Lodg<», Xo. 33, of free and aoc?|»led 
Ma.«on9, waif organized in 1811— cl<He<l in 1828. 
A new <»ne wiis f?tablii»hod, ** Pulaski Lodge,** 
Jan., 1 801, Aiid is t!0w in «Qceo9f(fuI operation. 

Ill 1811 there wns a S*»cicty orj^anixtHi by 
Jusiah Dunliuin, of Wind.^or, chIUhI "lUe \Vai4i- 
in^rt'^ninnx." Tlier atteiuptod to pet roo to join, 
oflV rf'l to i>av me, Ac. Itecaua-* I waji Jhe son 
of Simeon Stevens, who waa an nrJcnt Re- 
]iublicun. I atifiwcre<l that " I wouM not, bo- 
V4IUS0 it mcanl 'rebellion,' my father sjiid,** — 
which WO!*, in f:iet. the object of the ^oeiety. — 
There have been several temperance fiticieiica. 

Tliifl iff nil tiie iuformntion I can g.'t for you 
upon this yhon notice. 

Respectfully yours. Tappak Stetekb. 

OvMi'5ic%TiO!<( moM Mn« L. M. PtAcicK'-da'atfhUr til* 
Ju«1;re TMi'pnn 9tfrrn«. 

My great grandfaJher, Col. Simeon Sievena, 
came here with Oen. Jacob Bayloy (who waa i the ** llaxen Road.** 

Tours respectfully, 

tr iiha of the Go^po] ; but il»ey Ite^wne aiinnad 
at thiM kind of preaching, awl hit on stratngems to 
put d«»wn my influence. The fimt waa to Umvm 
rae pruaecu;e 1 for breaking tlie Sabbath. I bad 
a lar/i* Cimil^* to maintain, and in general received 
nothing (or preaching, and c«»uM not spend timo 
to go to Newbury on Saturday, and therefore rode 
there Oil Siibbath morning. Tlie Ortliodox gen- 
try, At they considered tbera^lves, held a can* 
cus and resolved that I must )»e prosecuted lor 
this, and they ,apitointed one to conduct the 
prosecution. I sent word to him that he need 
not be ai the trouble to watch me. as I would 
csill and let him know when I |Hwsed ; but a 
sub>Hf |uent caucuft decided it would be inexp<v 
dietit to carry on the prosecution.** 

In regard to the**Hazen Road.** In I77€ 
Gen. Bay ley had orders to open a road from 
Newbury to St. Johns, ft>r the purpose of con- 
veying troops provisions, Ac, iuto C«Qada.— 
Wlien he had made it 6 miles above Peaciiam, 
ho found our army had retreated from Canada, 
and the oi»eningof the road m-as discontinued. 
Ill 1779 Gen. Hazen came to PeaCham with s 
]Mirt of his regiments for the purpo^ of com- 
pleting this n»ad. He made a passable one for 
50 miles above Peacham. Tliis is still called 

a!.«o my great grandfather,) and others. 

From a high hill on t!ie Xew Hampsfiire side 
of iftc Connecticut, they ^-el'-cted their farms 
and the one Col. Stevens then took has always 
rem.tined in tlie Inmily. A large house which 
he built, more than one hundred years aga is 
ftill the firm-house. Col. .Stevens bad eleven 
«fbildren. He died July G, 1788. 

My grandfather. CoL Stevens. 2d, lived and 
d-««d on the farm. Ho also had ^eleven children, 
lie died May 15, 1858. a^ed 9l years. He was 
cue of the first meml>ers of the Methodist 
church here, and his house was a home of the 
jTiachers for half a century. 

In the autobtographv of **Dan Young," a 


Methodist itinerant, lie gives an account of the i '_'** i tr V 
«—. 1 e^t • ^ 4. ' t -.1 . . Daniel Heath, 

fimt prenching of their doctrines in this town. 

** Eiijht or t**n mil-^s from my residence was 
a fl'Mm?!iin2 village in Vermont calh'd Vewbnrv. 

L. M. Peaslrc 

T.ift plnce iiad always bet»n entirely under the in 
fl lence of « alvanism For some reason tlieir 
church was not unpiilled, and I wa« invited to 
pr<'nc!i for a f me on altemat** Sabbnths. I con* 
Hidored it quite an object to give them the plain 

revolctionahy prssioners liviiio w 1840. 

From the ••Cen*ns of Pensioners for Rev- 
olutionary or Military i«ervir.,s; with their 
name*. ag«*s and places of residence, aa 
ri'turned hy the manih.ils of the severil 
judicial di«tnets, undi»r the act for taking 
the sixth census. 'Published by authority 
of an Act of Congress, ui^der the direction 
of the SecrMary of St»te. Washington: 
Printed by Blair and Ktves. 1S41.* 

I\nnnnfr> /nrMrmlutummrg ntn49 ftf /amOus with 

Jmne 1, 1M0: 
. Jgt. S*mn, 

80 Joshua Bailey, jr., 

83 Asa Coburn, jr.« 

72 Sarah Ladd, 

76 Daniel Heath, 

Jo-oph llarriman, 85 Aral Kent. 

John Smith. 82 John Smith 

Wm. Tice, 
A*a Coburn, 

Samu'^l Jolinson, 
SArali Laid, 
Mary Smith, 
Thoina« Melleo, 
peter Bagh-y, 
Nathan Avery, 

77 Jo5fej»h Witcher, 

79 Ward Buel,. 

79 Jonathan Smith, 

83 Tliomas Mellen, 

87 Peter Bagley, 

81 Geo. W. Aver/.** 


A very. Nathan A. 
Hrooki. James B. 
Brock, Thomas A. 
CliamberliB, R W. 




80LDIEK8* RECORD, 1861 — 1805. 
BT a. w. 

D May 2, *61. Must«'red oi.t of serTice Aag. 16, *61r 

(( «« M at M 



. I 


. ; 

• ! 






Clark. Ezrft, 
Howard, Emery A. 
JohnsoD, George A. 
Me»ervee. Robert 
Page, Albert 
Tucker, Thomas L. 
Wilcox. Edwin A. 

Mmmk. Ch. JAuCcrin. 

PriT. D May 2, *6L Mustered out of service Ang. 15, *61. 







Mosic •• 
Corp. •* 












Avery, Frederick B. Priv. 
Bailey, Hoory W. 2d Band. 
Bailey, Charles F. Priv. 

Bailey, Thomas P. 
Bickiord, WiUiam jr., 
Blins. PhiletQS 
Bowlen, AddisoD 
Carruth, Robert B. Music. 
Chamberlin, Cutler A. *' 
Corliin, David T. Capt 

Dantorth, Samuel Priv. 
l>unbar, Henry E. Corp. 
^Farnhara, Evelyn H. Sergt. 
Farnham, Frederick RFriv. 
Gardner, George N. " 

Gardner, Horatio W. 
George, James L. 
Grey, James 

Heath, Everett EL 

Johnston, Erastns C. 

Kclley, Walter M. 

Kelly, Thomas F. 
Lon»;maid, Solomon 8. 
Little. Charles W. 
Lumpen. Gcorj^e 
Meader, Charles C. 2d, 
Me^erve, Amos 
Peach. George 





• • 

Jan. 10, *62. 


July 16. 'BL 

H «• 

K Jan. 8. '63. 
" Dec. 31. '63. 



Tliird JRe^menL 

Jnly 16, *61. Died AndersonvUle pris., Ga. Mar. 13, '65. 

Jnly 16, '61. Dii^clarge^ Aug. 9, '6Z 
** Pro. 2d Lieut, ^o▼. 25, *63; must, ont 

Jnly 27, '64. 
Dischaigcd Nov. 6, '62. 
DiMhargod Aug. 15, '62. 
Must out Jn'v 27, ••4. 
•' Sept 22, '62. Died Feb. 27,*'63. 

•• July 16. '61. Been. Dec. 21. '63 ; must ont Jnly 11. '65. 
K Sept 22, '62. Must ont June 19, '65. 
C Jnly 16. '61. Di!«charged S-pt 12, ^2. 
** Sept 22. '62. Must out June 19. 65. 
- Jtily 16, '61. Discharged Mny 4. 'e2. 
•• " DiflchargHl Nov. 4, '62. 

Died April 10, '62 
Reen Dec. 21, 't.3; killed at SpottsyU 

vania May 12. 61. 
Discharged June 4, 62. . 
Must out Jul. 27, '61 
Re-en. Dec. 21, '63: ]ro. Sergt Jan. 1, 
'64 ; killed at Cedar Cr'k < 'ct 19, -64. 
Reen. Dec 21, 63; pro. Corp. Dec. 18. 

64 ; Mum. out June 19. *65. 
Dis. Dec. 1, '61 ; re-en 9th Q ; must ont 

June 19, '65. 
Dis. May 17. '65; lost one eye in action. 

fight in the Wilderness. 
Must out July 11, '65, 
C April 12, '62. Been. March 22.'64; must, ont Jnly 17,'65. 
D July 16, '61. l*;j«charged sick. 
K April 12, '62. Disc hargi^d July 9.'62. 
C Jnly 16, '61. MuH out July 27. '64. 

Killed at Lev ille Sept II. '61. 
Re-cn. D^c. 21. '63; pro. corp.; killed at 

Petersburg April 2, '65. 
Pro. 2d litut. Aug. 10, '61 ; killed in action 
June 29, '62. 
C Sept 22, '62. Tr. in corps Nov. 20. '6.^. 
July 16, '6L Discharged Jan. 24, '63. 
C Sept 22, '62. Pro. corp. dis. May 17, '65. 
•• •• Must out June 5, '65. 

K '• Pro. Corp. Nov. 1,'63 ; must ont June 19,'65. 

Fourth Segment 

Priv. H Sept. 20, '61. Died March ^3, '63. 
•• F Dec. 31, '63. Died at Salisbury, N. C, Jan. 22, '65. 
" " Sept. 30. '62. Pro. 2d lieut; must out Jnly 13. •65. 
•• O " Musi, ont July 13, •65. 

« •• •• •• June 29, '65. 

H Sept 20, '61. Discharged. 

Re en. Feb. 17, '64; killed at Wilderness 

May 5. 64. • 
Must, out Sept 30. '64. 
Stamford, Tliomas N^ Corp. D '* Reduced to ranks; must ont Sept SO, '64 

Teol. Benjamin H. Priv. F Sept 30, *61 Must ont Jnne 19, *65. 

Sirtk Hcf^mtnU 
Dickenson, Elijah Priv. B Sept 22, '62. Tr. to inv. corps Oct 1. '6S. 

Pvamsey, Jobn W. Q. M. 



Stcbbins, Horatio N. Priv. 
Temple, Orvin C. 
Tuttie, Samuel 
Wallace, William 3d, 
White. Charles 
White, Charles R. 


Ayers, Avery N. 
Bailey. Auburn F. 
Chapin, Charles C. " 

Clark, Isaac 

Douse, Asa ** 

George, Edronnd H. •• 
Heath, WilUam W. 

Holley. John 8. 








Jennie, Ro^well C. 
Jennie, StillmaD 
Jennie. WilHftm S. 
M»rtin, Moody C 
Meader, William 

Atwood, William D. 
Bean. Oeo. N. M. 
Bean, Richard C. 
Brown, George L. 
Burnliam, Benj. F. 

Pan forth. Georce L. 
Evans. Walter D. 
Fleming, Freeman F. 
lloiuenway. F. W. 
K^-lIey, Loren F. 
Meader, Horace £. 
Morrison. George W. 
Morriiion. Hiram 
Noyes, James 
JCoves, Parker jr., 
O ilalley, Owen F. 

Page, Albert E. 
Prouiy. Elijah K. 
Smith. Robert F. 
Tuttle. Eliat J. 
Tuttle, George L. 

Waldron, Benjamin 
Waldron, John M. 

Mmmk, to. 
PriT. B 









• 4 





Oct. 15, *61. Discharged Not. 21. *02. 

Jan. 6. -61 
** Pro. corn., ifiu$>t. oat June 26, *65i. 

Sept 22, 'ei Discharged Not. 13. '62. 

Tr. to in?, corjw Oct. 1, '63. 

EightX JUgimcnL 

Feb. IS. *62. Mustered out of service June 22, *64. 
May 17, '64. '• " , 15 '65. 

Jan. 9, '02. 
Dec 31, '(>3. 

C reK18.'62. 

Priv. C 







Jan. 5, *64. 
Dec. 31, •^. 
Feb. 18. '62. 

Dis. July 5, '63; recn.; died May 20. '64. 
Discharge*! Dec 13, *G1 for promotion in 

colored Trooi s. 
Keen. Jan. 5. 'G4 ; must, out June 28, *6S. 
Died June 2:*, *63. 
Mu^tered out of service June 28, *65. 



Sergt C 


Sergt. C 
Priv. " 








Bailey, llibbard H. Priv. 
Bulion. Carlos E. •• •• 

Brock, Andrew 
Chamberlin, .\mos J. 
Flanders. Abner 
Learned. Benjamin F 
Learned. Sf-ldon F. 
Learned, William A. 
Mnrry. George M. 
Fuller, Josefm H. 
Perkins, Jonathan 
Patnam. John C. 
Wright. WiUiam T. 

Sergt ** 
PriT. " 







Bartlett Alonxo F. 
Bartlett, Oscar F. 
Damon, George B. 

George. Charles H. 
G<^or^e. Osman C. B. 
George, James H. 

George, Jere. N. 
Hadloch, Jamee W. 
Havnes, Charles V. 
Mckinstry. A»ro P. 
PUce, John C. 
Scrnton, William C. 
Thompson, Charles 
Tattle. Edwin 

8ampson, Horace B. 
Williams, John D. 

•« «« 

Capt " 
PriT. - 
Music - 








PriT. D 
Sergt L 

Killed at Port Hudson June 14, *63. 

Died March 25. '63. 

MuMered out of service June 22, *64. 

Keen. Jan. 5, *C4; must out June 28, *65. 

Tr. L. A. National Guards, Dec. 31, *62. 

Diwrharced Oct 17, 't>3. 

Re-en. Jan. 5, *C4: tr. to V. B. C; must 

our July 17. '65. 
Discharged Aug. 11. '63. 
Dis. Oct. 1,'G2 for promo'n in 2d L.A. Voli. 
Din, harced Oct. H, '62. 
Mustt rei out of service June 58, '65. 
Re en. Jan. 5, '64 ; pro. Corp.; must ont 

June 28, '65. 
Re-en. Jan. 5. '65 ; died March 29, '65. 
•• " must out June 28, 'SS. 

Ninth ReginunL 

July 9, 'SI Deserted J an, 13. '63. 

** Mustered out of service June 13, *C5. 

Di.<charged March 14. *63. 
Mustered out of service June 13, *65. 
Discharged Jan. 15. *63. 

March 14 '63. 
Mu^t<»red out June 13, *65. 
Died June 21. '63. 
Mustered out June 13, '65. 
May 13. '65. 
July 26, '65. 
Aug. 3, '65. 
Tr. to iuT. corps. 

Tenth lUgimcnU 
Sept 1, '62. Mustered out of service May 13, '65. 

Pro. Corp. Feb 6 '65 ; must out June 22,'65. 
Pro. major D'^c. 19 '64 : brev. major Oct 

19. 64 : must, out June 22, *65. 
Mu>»t<*red out June 22, '65. 
Died Dec. 2. '63. 
Pro. T>rin. muf ic, May 1, *63 ; must, out 

June 22. '65. 
Mustered out June 22, ^65. 
" Mav 13. '65. 
Killed in action fCov. 27. '63. 
Mnftered out of service June 22, *65. 
Missing in action Sept 19. '64. Dead. 
Died Sept 19. '63. 
** Mustered out of service June 22, *65. 

• •• Pro. corp. Nov.1,'64 : uustout June 27,*66i. 

EUfHnih BtgtmtnU 

Not. 9. '63. Died Feb. 6. '64. 

Juoe 27» '63. Died of wounds id actioo Oct 26, *64. 

Jan. 6, '64. 
Dec. 31, '63. 
Aug. 13. '64. 
July 9. '62. 


• I 

Sept. 2. '64. 
Sept 1. '^2, 



" I 



4 • 


i . 








CK JfMjfcrto. 

Atkinson, William H. PriT. H Oct 4, '62. 

Avery, Park 

Baiky, G«org« 

Bailey, MUo C. 

Barnett, George B. 

Barrett, Charlefl G. 

Bartlett. Charles P. 

Bartlett, Daniel S. 

Bartlett. John M. 

Bean. George N. M. 

Brock, Tbomaa A. 

Muttered OQt of terrice July 14, *63w 






Chamberlin. Joveph A. 
Chamberlin. R. W. Ut L't 
Eastman, Addison W. Corp. 





Gage, Ara B. 
Grey, Thomas 
Howard. Euiery A. Sergt 
Johnston, Joseph C *' 
Keyw, Edward P. •• 

Leonard, Sidney 8. PriT.' 
McAliFU*r, Leonard W. 
McKinstry, Alvin L. 
MeKini>try. Henry 
Mc^^rvey, Robert Corp. 
Moulton. William O. Priv. 
Ka«on, Jo^ph M. 
Newell, James A. 
^ Peach, Jonathan J. 
Ricker, I^aac M. 
Rogers, Nelson J. 
RoUins, Henry O. 
"ebbins, Schnyler C. 
.Mevens, Aucnstos B. 
Tcwksbarr, Nelson B. ** 
Wallace. George W. •• 
Wallace, James jr., •* 

Wallace. William K. - 
Whitman. Munroe D. ** 
Woodward. Gark J. •• 
Wormwood, William ** 

Adkin, Andrew Priv. 

Chalmers, George jr., Sergt 
Chalmers, William W. Priv. 

Cowdry, Albert B. Corp. 

Cowdry, Milo Q. Pri?. 
Hunter. Nathan A, 

Jones, William B. ** 
Wheeler, William 

Webber, George •• 

Webber, Russell L. ** 




Promoted 2d lieut Co. H. March 10, *63; 

must, out July 14. '63. 
Mustered out of service July 14, '63. 
Rei«ignod March 4. '63. 
Reduced to ranks Dec 8, *62 ; must out 

July 11 '63. 
Mustered out of service July 14, '63. 








Rciluced to ranks Nov. 4, '62. 

Died .Mav 3. '63. 

Mustered out of service July 14, '63. 



• 4 



Pro. sergt. Nov. 4 .'62.must out •• 
Died Apra 27, 'ti3. 
7, '63. 
Mustered out of service July 14, '63. 







Died March 12, '63. 

Mustered out of service July 14, '63. 

4« 44 44 

Discharged March 31. '63. 

April 22. '63. 
Mustered out of service July 14, *63. 

44 44 44 

«4 4« 44 44 41 

Fifiunih Rtgxmeni, 

D Oct 22, '62. Mustered out of service Aug. 5, '63. 

Discharged April 28. '63. 
Mustered out of service Aug. 5, *63. 

44 «4 \ 44 






















Aldrich, William T. 
Cadue, John 
Chapman, John 
Jennie, Roswell C 
Landers, Andrew 
Riley, Jamet 
Underwood, Wm. H« 
Wilton, JoMph 

AbboU, Horace M. 
Bailej« Samual P« 



•• Discharged at Brattleboro May 11, '61 

Sevcnt tenth RtgimtnU 

I May 10. '64. Mustered out of service July 17, '65. 

E April 12. '61 Tr. to V. R. C. Aug. 21, '61 

I July 6. *64. Discharged Dec. 18. *61 

April 12, '61 •• Oct 13, '65. 

May 10. *64. Died Sept 5, *64. 

April 12. *61 Musterc4 out of service July 14, '65. 
•• May 10, '61 •* . - 

- - - Discharged May 27, '65. 

/Trtl Cwahry JU^menL 

PriT. D Deo.31. *63. In Gen. Hospital. Juna 30, '61 dead. 
Corp. H SepUl7/6L MiMingOct 11/63 ; died in And'vilUprit. 







Bennbtt. John W. 
Cook, George 
Fleming. George H. 
HowUnd. Levi P. 
Lecu Charles jr., 
Leet, Heorr 
Mitohell. HarrU B. 
Mar>h, Henry G. 
Powm. Jolm Ilale 
Sar^cat. Phineas L. 
Webster. Emery 
We'oUr, George 
Webber, Philip 


Priv. F 





• ( 

• « 


rUrk. Fred. E. Priv. 

Whitman. Shepard B. •* 






Blodgett. Clark P. 
Clark. Frederick E. 
Ktn^on. William W. 
liittle. Dana D. 
Pen nock, Calvin 

Carbee. Ilenry C. Priv. 

■Pavidi^on, George B. 
Greis, Thomat 
SmilTie, John 


BtiUy, Milo C. 
Barnkl, George B. 
Farnbam, Frank E. 
Hardy, Sumner 
Wormwood, William 




Nov. 19, *6I. Mastered out of Mrvice Nov. 18, *64. 
S*^pt.«.'64. " - May 30, '65. 

Dec. 31. '63. Tr. to V. R. C. April 25, '&. 

Sept. 22, *dl DeMTted Jane 30, '63. 

Dec 31, *63. Mu^t^red out of terviot Jan« 1, *6S. 

- " Ang. 9, *6ft. 

Nov. 19, '61. Pro. capt ; mustered ont •* 

Doc. 31. '63. Deserted Dec 26. '64. 

Nov. 19. *i>3. Mustered out of eervioe Nov 18, *64. 
S^pt. 26, '62. - " May29, *6&. 

Dec 31, Died Feb. 15. *64. 

Aug. 12, *64. Mustered out of service Jan« 21, *65. 

•t «• •• M 

Second SharptKoUcn, 

Dec 31. *01. Discharged Jone 24. '61 
Nov. 9, 'Ol. •* Dec 4, '62. 

Firtt BatUry. 

Dec 31, *63. litCo..Hea. Art; roustont July 28,*65u 

dit. Feb. 13, "65. 
Pro.2d lient.Hea. Art.;mQst.out Jaly28,*65. 
Di«d Aug. 31. *64. 
Tr. to 1st Co.,H.ea.Artmast.ont Joly 28,'65. 

• Second Boiiery, 

Jan. 13. *04. Mustered out of service July 31, *6S. 

M «« •• M 

Died May 11, '64. 
** Pro. Corp.; must out July 31. *65. 

Third Battery, 

Sopt 1, *6I. Mustered out of service June 15, *65. 
8ept 2, '64. - •• •• 

Sept 3, '64. M M •• 

•• It 4« M 

Sept 2, '64. •• •• 



;} ■' ; 

*. • • » 

• '• . ' - 


. . i - 


* ^ \ 

* * - 


Amount paid lo 9b S*je«r«* bmi or vole, $ 17,040.^5 

•• eijeju- •• 4A'iO.«» 

•• •• (0 9-niot. •• ft,0)«i.w 

•• - 13 3-y.^r«*N»Tia,«* . 7,«O0.W 

• " llS-yeart'Sab't,** 6.fi5a.O0 



Kotp4M 71 Tnntportinf VolSn SS.CO 

— ExMOiet li«cniitiDf, Ac. 1,4M.t2 

% 42,e2Z07 




»T S. a SATWIS, f ASTOt. 


. John Foster, - 



John Lord, . 



John Blise, 



£. Iverson, 



S. Ch«mherlain« 

1829. '30 





Wm. D. Case, 

1832, '33 


8. Kelley. 

1834, '35 


E. J. Scott, 

1836. '37 



1838. '39 


Wm. M. Mann« 



J. Templeton, 



L. D. BarrowR, 

1842, '43 


M. Chaser 

1844, *45 




Rev. E. PettingiU 1»46 

t P. P. Ray, 1847, '48 

A. Webster, 1849, *50 

H. P. Gushing. 1851, *52 

E. Copeland, 1853 

J. 0. Dowe, 1854, '55 

8. Quimby, 1856. '57 

A. 0. Button, 1858, *59 

W. D. Kf alcom, 1860. *61 

D. Packer, 1862, '63 

E. a Bast, 1861, '65 
H. A. Spencor, 1866, '67 

- Z. 8. Haynes. 1868, '69 

The Methodist church was dedicated ia 
1829. Rev. I. Q. Dow preached the dedica- 
tion sermon. The membership now is 146 ; 
probationers, 29 ; total on the Records, 176. 


was opened for a school in the £iU of 1834, Wr 
dcr the directions of Rev. C. Adams and Rev, 
Osman C Baker. It was opened *' under th« 
Immediate patronage of the New Hampsbirt 
annual Cooferenoe of the Methodist RplMopel 
Cbun^,** with *' privileges extended to aU de- 
nominations**— And has alwigrs remained wAm 


y. : i 

-!• - : 

» - . 



the patronage and direcUoo of tho Methodist 
cfaarch and oonferenoo. Tha institQtkm was 
' fani':abed witli good apparatot for illustratiog 
tbo various braocbes of natural acieoce, and al- 
to with a Twy respectable librarr and cabinet 
of mioomlaw'' For natural aurrouodingt the 
location it floe— we do not know a aomioaiy 
more plcaaantlj situated in the 6ute. ** The 
teminarj building was a large, tubsUniial brick 
edifice, three storie's high, au'l conveniently ar> 
ranged tor study and recitation rooms;" con- 
ikected with which b a '* large boardiog-houso, 
tufllcieutlr extensive to aooommodate 100 stu- 
den't;** and ** in Uie immediate vicinity of the 
institution such iacilitice were afforded, that be- 
tween 200 and 300 students could be accom- 
modated.** We have not the list of teacher* 
in tliis seminary, or annual or average number 
of students. Tliompaon gives the nuuiber *'fo,r 
the year ending July, 1841 :** 

Full. Wlnl«r. Sprisg. Suromor. 
** Gentlemen, 140 51 109 62 
Ladies. 96 32 111 lOS 

Whole No.. 236 83 220 170 

Agprogaie of all the terms, 709. 

The teachern this year wt-re Rev. Oilman C 
Baker. A. M.. prinnpal; Rev. Clark T. Hin- 
man, teacher of Greek and Mathematics: 
Charles P. Merriam, French, Italian and 
Spanish; J. Harrison Goodale. Latin; Mi9> 
Rachel Smith, preceptress, and Miss E. £. 
Cheney, music teacher. 

The etlitor of this work spent a day at thit< 
institution very p]ea.«Ant]y in the Fall of 
1859 or '60. Rev. F. E. King being at thai 
time principal. 

We have failed to receive, as yet, the more 
particular history of this institution promised 
us. but think it may be summed up in this : — 
Tilts school wa.% fur some years, popular and 
prosperous ; but. like most or all our other 
popuUr academics and seminaries in the time 
post, (or about the same rea^n as others (ailiHi, 
or dix^rcised, likeiaise declined in importance ; 
and so much that the Metliodist party who held 
control of the school and of the house, under 
certain legil hniitaiions. determined to remove 
the sdiool, and thought to sell the building. — 
In a word — they have removed the school to 
Vontpelier ; but the right lo sell the building. 
or appnt|»ri4ite It ibr other purposes than Ibr a 
schoiil. has been and is contested by oi-rtiin cit' 
isens of Xewbury who paid certain sums to- 
wards the erection of the building, on condi* 
tkm tliat the building should be permanently 

used for a scliool. The case has been to Xh 
Supreme Court, and appealed fWxn there to tt 
Legislature, at the October session, 1869. an 
lefl by the Legislature undecided. Tlie scho< 
was reDX>ved to, and opened at» Moutpelier I 

[Since the above was in typev we have n 
ceived the following letter in regard to Newb\ 
ry Seminary, which we think we sltoulJ ad< 
Our only tliought h to give tlie simple histo 
ical Cicts. as they outy have existed, or do sti 
exist— £dL] 

•* Xewbury, March 30, 1870. 
Miss neroenway : 

Dear Madam-*We are not satisfied wil 

your remarks io regard to " Xewbury Semin 

ry." The CiCts are, that, for a period of 33 yea 

this institution had unequaled prosperitj.- 

Through all national or finaucial crises it nev< 

Ciiled to receive extensive patrouAffc, and tl 

Ust year the number of students was over si 

hundred — the Institute clcir from debt, ar 

surplus funds in the hands of the treasurer. 

The cause, or causes, of the removal to Mou 
pelier are well understood by tlie public gen 
rally. Tlie trustees sold the buildicgs to oi 
*• Willard," but their right to do so was contei 
ed by the Xewbury citizens, and the cnso re^ 
red to a ** chanoellor,** who decided that th< 
had no right to dispose of the property. 

Tliey, the trustees, appealed to the full ben< 
of the supremo court, and the decision has n 
yet been given to the public. The |>e!ition 
the lepslnture of 1869 was for an ** Act to e 
able tl»e trustees to sell or convey the proper 
of Xewbury Seminary," which petition was n 
granted. Tours, resjiect fully, 

Mrs. L M. Peaslei 


From the Aurora of the VtiUey, 

Obtttart. Died in this town. May 7. 185 
Mr. Edso.v CAROLrs IUilet, a^'d'82 yea 
Al»out four years since he was tlm>i%'n from 
hand-ear while in rapid motion, and wa<; r 
over by It The injuries h«* received caused : 
most a perfect paralysis below the hips. Frc 
the activities of lifo he was thrown upon 1 
IkhI to remnin in that painful condition the i 
maindcr of his days. But his lon^ a:id paini 
afflictions were endured with more than ordii: 
ry patience and rcsiirnation. He ennbl 
to use his pen and his books •Ills product io 
both in prose and \ oitry. which have appesr 
in the *• Aurora," under the sl;;natun» of *• Ca 
0LC8.** show the tendency of his mind, and l 
thought of his intelloet. While blce«ed witt 
*' (rood hope.** lie would often say, *- 1 kn( 
that it is good for me tluit I have been afflicte* 




Oa the 24tb of lact Jmi. be was baplized stid 
n^'eived the sacrament of the Lord*s tnpper.^- 
Ilis iocrcMing •ufltfrinjrs and weakoMt but 
pUiuly iudicaied that death wac uigh. An ad- 
equate idea oC hit rulTornj^ can not be gireiL 
hirp* sorei had biid bare hii hip Joints and 
c:iu.W large pieces of bones to couie out, and 
tLo joint itself to Cill out. In fuU ?iew of death, 
Lo St Kvi^Hi the hymns and text f •r his funeral, 
and, Iiktf a candle which flickers ibr a moment 
ia itii socket and theu goo* out, pa.^'^ awaj to 
that re^t for which he longinl, aud bad Ubored 
to l>o prepared. Tlie rollowing is the text :— 
Ps-ilm Lxxi, 20 and 23, **Thou which bast 
^hi wed me great and sore troubles shalt quick- 
en ine a;raiu, and shalt bring mo up again from 
tbe depths of the earth. My lips shall greatly 
rejoice when I sing unto thee; and mr soul 
vliich tliou hast redeemed." Com. 



At on« bj on* my frWodt depart 
To scvk fur statiou nod fi*r fkm^ 

What »orrow piercM tbroiigb my heart— 
I raa«t reprt-M my rUiog lUma 1 

With unabated strrni^b I feel 
M5 spirit Diountinic while I plae; 

Hut fate rMivta it« wild ap|ieal. 
And hope ber miMittu muat reaipa. 

a bat a wondr«»ut field !• tpread 
For tbo«e mivfortune pa««eii by I 

What wreatbea «>f honor wait each bead I 
What fruitful gomU attract each ejral 

Doomed to a lif> of lingering pala. 
How oft I torn mr Ittnging eyea 

To pize on that furbiUdeu plain 
Where life In all lU beauty lie* I 

niuPt It be ! may I no more 
Trarel with them in thai fair roadf 

Are all my day* of pleasure o*er, 
And I conaigned to thi* abode f 

Te little l>ird« that pleaae mine ear 
With aweetrikt note* the whole daylong, 

hither bring some Mjuud of cheer 
Upon the melody of eong. « 

Te winds that throuf;h my lattice creep. 
And gently fan my ferered brow, 

Whliper aome joy e'er on ye sweep, 
Nur leare me sad aa I am now. 

what a pleasure were *t fur ma 
To mount on morning's rosy wing. 

And launch tue o'er the gleaming sen 
To climea of erer-blovniing si»ringt 

now happy would I Vape tl»e«e honra 
With louellne»s *o loaded duwa^- 

Be free from pain,' and 'raid the (lowert 
Drire (kr away dull sorrow's fhiwn. 

Cea»e spirit, why d»»th Heaven's cou^tralnt 
Nut hold tbee In the Dcolhlug s|)eUf 

*Twvre Tirtue In thy aad complaint 
To mark thy many merries well. 

What are the pleasnres of the mladt 
lluw UinndlrM are Its rkh domainal 

Were blasting blankneM e'er to blind. 
Despair axalted oaly ralgaa. 

The poet darts hto sablle Maaa, 
The offiipring of his flne^rawrn aoal. 

Encompassed la lis varioas bums^ 
How every Ul doth backward roll t 

Oo follow Him* whom darknces iKMind, 
Though all the field his song exploradi 

One coqM, were such a vision found. 
Ills enter ey«a well nigh afford. 

Ai»d, O to trend the popnk»as word 
Of Avon's wond«-r>worklng l«rd,t 

WlHise fancy's gorgivus plumes unfariad 
Still gild the sky of men's regard. 

But best of all that liook wherein 
Is found the story c^ the Croea, 

The ri^ and doom of conquering sin. 
And reecae of tba aoul tram loss. 

Treasure of treasures, still nufold 
Thy joys to faith's u|4lfted eya* ' 

*TU1 through death's gloum I shall behold 
The shore where life and love ne'er dia. 


Last song <^ the Redman, no more thy wild note, 
In stem, savage grandeur through Cossuck^ shall float; 
For the voice* that raitied it are mute In the dust, 
Aad unmarked are the graves that received them la 

The pride of their bosoms hath passed fhwn the vala. 
The forest no longer is swayed by the gale; 
There now are tlie hamlet, and broad waving fleld^ 
Tlieir Eden to others Its luxury ytelde. 

The tale of their sorrows no mortal may know, 

Nor thrir heart-friefs that played In the dcpiha of their 

For the night of extinction hath shut on their day. 
And hid all their race in th% gloom of decay. 

O may we who Inherit the land where they dwelt. 
Forget not this race nor the Joys that they felt; 
For the life that they lived was as tn* as is onra. 
And, dear as our own, were thair homes* sunny bowers. 




Only 8iz of the buildings now standing in 
the village of Wells River, date as to any part 
of them, from the la^t century. Tlie«« six 
are, 1st, the pa rhon age, built in 1792, by Silas 
Chamhcrlin ; -d, <icorge Le^^lie's kitchen, built 
in 171M}, on the rite where Mr. Byafn now 
lives, by John Sly; 3d, The \Vell« River 
Ilou^e, built in 17^)0, by Benjamin Bowers, 
from Dracut. X. II.; 4lh, Mr. Rob#*rt aough's 
house, built in 17iK>, by John Quimby ; 5th« 
I^^li«*s fulling mill, built about the same 
time, by the same ; 0th, part of the frame of 

- » I 

• MiltAa. 

f Shakspsura. 

I The Indian name of the grnkt On Rnw. and the el* 
rlnity of Nrwtriir% villaga. The |»laoe was a graft h^ 
voHte with the ladlaiia. 

I •■ 

^ « 

» ) 



' I 



the pap«r-mill, fonnerl j % law-mill, built bj 
Err Chamberlin. 

Several other boildingB, however, of which 
so part is dow left, were put up before 1800. 
The first dwelling io the village was a plank- 
booie, erected bj Err Chamberlin on the Scott 
lot, south of the Oootuo House. This was 
eupplanted in 1794, by a more substautial 
building, since burned. A similar plank- 
bouse was built by Silas Chamberlin, where 
the mecting-houiie now stands, before 1780, 
and the present par^tonage was, at first, placed 
on the same 8]K>t with this ]»lank-house. A 
dd house had b<N*n built in 1794. where Cyrus 
J. S. Scott now lives, by Mr. Clouj»h, a joiner. 

The first grist-mill was built about 1781, 
*ome distance below where the paper-mill 
DOW stands. The second was built about 
1795, adjoining the fulling-mill of this day, 
and in the same year a blacksmitirs-shnp was 
•et up just in front of where Holt's now 
stands. Up to 1800, then, this village was 
a hamlet of 10 buildings, without school- 
bouse, church, store, or profei^ional man of 
any sort 

The first traders were P. A T. Preston, who 
in 1K)1, began to sell goods in the south 
room of Bowers* tavern. The first bridge, over 
Connecticut river, was constructed in 1805, 
at what is called The Ferry. The paj»er-mill 
was built in 1808. The first school-house, 
about the same time. In the outset, burials 
took place in the field west of Brigham*s. 
Among those ^here interred, are three chil 
dren of Mr. Bowers, one of Err Chambcrlin*8, 
Charles Treat, a river man. from Glastenbury, 
Conn.; Mr. Campbell, a trader, and one or 
more girls, named S1cei>er, from the Heath 
farm. The present grave yard was laid out 
in 1810. Early in the present century, the 
Tillage became a place of trade, because the 
rapids just above the narrows, prevented the 
boats, which then did the work of rail-roads 
of this year, and the big wagons of last year, 
from ascending the river any farther. 

The first settler in Wells River, was Err 
Chamberlin. Er*s father first took poi^session 
of Musquash Meadow, in Newbury, 500 acres 
of land in the N. E. corner of Newbury 
being reserved as his area by Governor Went- 
worth. This Mr. Chamberlin, as early as 
177B, agreed with the Governor that he would 
build a mill and buy ths whole -or a portion 
of ths land at (l.OO per acra. He built a 
nil! and a boosa, bot paid the Governor 

nothing, and when a tax was laid, suffered it 
to go to ths hammer and then bid it off for 
the tax, thus acquiring a vendue title. He 
afterwards obtained a warrantee deed of the 
widow of Wentworth, by paying her $100. 
It is probable that he built his mill where the 
paper-mill now stands, early in 1776, and 
close by it a hut to shelter his family, so that 
the origin of iliis village is exactly coequal 
with the declaration of our national Inde- 

Before the end of 1776, he removed his 
family bark to Newbury, where they remained 
till 1778, when they returned to the house he 
had erected, on the south of the Coosuc 

This flight to Newbury, may have been 
occasioned by our disasters in Canada, spread- 
ing cont'ternation along all the New England 
frontier, and the return to Wells River ap- 
peared safe after the downfall of Burgoyne. 

Much of the ground . now occupied by 
Wells River Village, was swampy, and all of 
it was overgrown by ground hemlock, which 
it was hard to go over or under, and which 
was made hideous by wild beasts. 

The only natural attraction of the place was 
The Bar, at the mouth of Wells River, where 
salmon were taken. 

Though Err Chamberlain was the first to 
make his abode here, he was by no meani 
the first white man who trod the banks of 
this stream. In 1757, the party sent out to 
carry provisions to Rogers, on his return from 
destroying the SL Francis Indians, reachrd 
Wells River, and many of his (Rogers') luea 
remained in that vicinity 10 days. Mor^- 
ver, 5 years previous, in 1754, our exploricj; 
parly, sent out ^>y the State of New Hamp- 
shire, and which had penetrated north, a« far 
as Northumberland, on their return, pa^^el a 
night at Wells River. The following is an ex- 
tract from their journal (see History of Coci, 
p. 31). which is still extant 

" Fri.. July 5. 1754. We marched about 3 
miles to our pa<*ks, at Amonoo»uc. ihe Fatr.*? 
course we haa steered heretofore, and we af- 
terwards went over Connecticut River, »n j 
camped a little below Wells River thin ni^i^t." 

That is probably at the west end of tb<> 
bridge, now crosning Conn, river from Weill 
River to HaverhilL 

The members of this party were three, Peter 
Powers, of Hollis, N. H.; Lieut. James Ste- 
vens, and Ensign Ephraim Hale, both of 
Townsend, Mast. 

No records of any whits nan's baviog pr** 





tioubIj sorveyed the Wells River. Perhape I 
do wrong to saj, no re^^rd for the name 
Wells River nsed in this journal, as well 
koowo, is proof that white men had heon up- 
on that river, and the tradition, as handed 
down hy the oldest inhabitants, (Hardy L. 
Ciuniberlin), is this : A party on their way 
to Canada, at an early period, halted at the 
XDOuth of the stream, now called Wells River, 
Iciuufe two of their number were f ick. After 
wailing two days, building a shelter for the 
^ick. and leaving two men to take care of them, 
the rest of the party pu:shed on. In a few 
da)« the sick expired, and those left in charge 
over tbem, after committing them to the earth, 
made tbe best of their way to their comrades. 
Kf the leader of this party was Cdpt. WcUi, 
the (>trcam by which hb men were buried was 
cAlkd Welti River, Traces of a hut were 
mauifcst near the mouth of the river, where 
Err Chumberlin began his clearing, and one 
of bis sons, (Hardy L.,) now alive, has seen 
human bones dug up in the same vicinity, 
OQ tlie south bank of Wells River. 


Id 1830 a small steam-boat, called the John 
Led vard, (after the famous traveler of tliat name) 
vas run up Cunuooticut River from Hartford, 
Ct. to Wells River. Her advent, at Wells Riv- 
er, was celebrated by the firing of cannon and 
borrahs of a crowd of spectators. The boat waa 
t.ikfo by tlie (alls on the river throu^^h the locka. 
Sht was pushed up through tbe narrows, a short 
di.naiice above tbe mouth of Wells River, to a 
hir in the river. There a long- rope was at- 
tic! tod to tlie boat, and a string of river-men, 
Wading, attempted to draw the boat ovei^— but 
f ild. She was put about, and sped her way 
biick, and has not since returned. Tbe next year. 
)?31, five steam-boats were constructed and put 
fa the river, at diflvrcnt sections between Hart- 
ford and Wells River. Obe was built and 
but.ched at Wells River, called the Adam Dun- 
Cao. Tbe names of tbe boats and oommand- 
f^^ as follows: 

?i'm boat Adam Duncan, Horace Duncan.C^pt 

David Porter, John W. Andrus, •* 

WuL Holmes, Jan. Davenport, *• 

Ariel Cooly, Hiram Smith, ** 

Wm. Hall. Peletiah Ely, •* 

"Hiete boaU run about a year— aud, in 18S2, 

tU whole oonoem went up. A canal survey 

*»« made by Giuton, from Hartford to Canada 

^^^, up the river, about 1824, and another mir- 




aftar the •team-boata fiuled; but noihiog ever 
came of tbia. In 1848 the Connecticat aild 
Passiimpete River Rail-Road wae completed to 
Wells River, and cars ruoniog — a project noi 
dreamed of in tbe days of the canal eorveys and 
eieam-boata. In 1850 it mas extended to St. 
Jobnsbury— soon after to Derby Line— and a 
link is now nearly filled from Derby line to 
the Grand Trunk, at Lcuoxville, Canada, mak* 
ing a continuous line from New York to Que- 
bec So the world has nooved. 

PaoM A ConxmiCATioa num Wtixs Rivta. 

••Died.— In Newbur/,May 17, 18G5, Dav- 
id Johnson, Esq., aged 86 years. He was 
born at Newbury, Sept 13. 1778. His father 
was CoL Thomas Johnson, one of the first 
settlers of the town. Only two persons, bom 
in the town, older than he, survive him.'* 

There is one son of Col. Thomas Johnson 
still living at Newbury, viz., Mr. Haynet 
Johnson. Tlte family of Col. Frye Bailey, 
one of the original grantees, and a leading 
man here in revolutionary times, has become 
extinct in this town. One son, I think, lives 
in Maryland. The families of the first set- 
tlers of the town are all dead or removed-* 
not one remains in the village whose ances- 
tors came here earlier than 1808. Some of 
the grandchildren of the fir^t settler here, 
Mr. Err Chamberlin, live in Haverhill and 
Lyman, N. H. 

I find, among some papers left hy my 

brother, who died forty years ago, the foUow- 

ing note: 

"The. Fort at the mouth of Wells River 
wa^ built by Capt. Wells and his soldiers in 
A. D., 1704.^* 

I know not where he learned the fact, hot 
he was carious in such things, and was ac- 
quainted with the first settler in this part of 
the town. Mr. Err Chamberlin, and with Col. 
Frye Bailey and other early settlers. 


Ctergy^ William S. Palmer, Congregation- 
alist; Physicians, Ira Brown, Charles M. 
Tra^^k; Attomeyi, A. Underwood, Leslie 4 
Rogers; Bank, 1st National — George Leslie, 
Cashier; High Schcot. Fanny M. Warrioer 4 
Electa D. Qrow; Merehania, Frank Deming, 
Ferdinand Slierwin, Bachop A, Farwell, A. T. 
Baldwin; Jeweler^ Wakhes, Harry Helton; 
^^Xi for the same purpoee^ was made wooq \MiUinery^ Fancy Ocoda, Misses Leslie 4 Rob* 

I - • 



4x -• 

t * > 

«• ■ 

* * 1 


: i \ 

* I * 

11 i 1 

♦ A » 

t » 

. * • • 

' /. , 

;l i.- 

. 4 



inM>Dt : Orocm^ Jo#^ph A. Hatch. McL. Mar- 
ahall : DtniUi^ H. D. Hickok ; Photograplter, 
George Grant; Tailor^ A. S Meaner; UoteU, 
DuraniA A^amt — Coo^ock Hoa^e.WelU Riv- 
er, ila; MoMufaeturert — DuraDt A Adams, pa- 
per — WelU River Lumber Co., lumber A 
boxes — Carpenter A Jonei*, furniture A cas- 
ket* — C. D. Penniman, tin-ware A stove* — 
George S. Olney, harnesses, Ac. — George 
Hatch, shoes— E. R., A C. H. Hoyt, flour 
A meal — E. C. Hadlock, lumber; Telegraph 
Operator, Mi»«s Margaret Gaitley ; Paftninstcr, 
Frank Deming; Express Agenf^ A. 3. Farwell ; 
Sign it Fancy Fainter, A. B. W. White. 

From Wx. R. Shcdd. 



The town of Orange lies in the N. W. comer 
of Orange County, bounded, S. by Wa.«hing- 
too and Corinth, K. by Topeham, N. by Gro- 
too, Harris and Goslieu Gores and Plainficld, 
and W. by Barre. 

There is considerable good (arming land in 
the town, although the heifchth of laud between 
Connecticut River and Lake Champlaiu runs 
through tbo town from north to south, dividing 
tl>e town nearly in the centre. Knox Mount- 
ain, in this range, is quite an elevation. 

This town wat diartered in the u^ual manner, 
by Thomas Cliitteaden, Governor. Augu«t 1,1, 
1781, to Capt. Ebenozer Green and Amos Rob- 
inson, E^. The original proprietors of Orange 
were Amos Robinson, Kbenezer Green, Xathl. 
Babbitt, Daniel Piunca, Solomon Strong, Arte- 
mas Robinson, RIeasor Robinson, Mitchell 
Chirk, Jehiel Robbins, Isaac Babbitt, Noah 
Hopkins, Amos Robinson, Jr, Daniel Robin- 
son, Willmm Wakefield. Jool Marsh, Daniel 
Babbitt, Asa Babbitt, Strong Burcli, Oliver 
Taylor, Jede<liah Strong. Bartholomew Durkee, 
Klkanah Spraguc, Samuel Webster, Thomas 
Freeman, Jr., David Davis. David BiMell, Jr., 
Simon B. Bisi>elL Nathan Leonard, Isaiah 
Thomait, Asa Taylor, David Bissell, Thomas 
Chittenden, Mos?s Robinson, Jeremiah Clark, 
Matthew Lyon, Jonathan Cha^e, John Porter, 
John Griswold, Timothy Bush, Jotin Bush, Paul 
Brigliam, Ebenezcr Brewer, Natlil. Seaver, 
Thomas Bingham, Samuel Sprague, Noah 
Payne, Ebenezer Brewster, Nathan Peters, 
John Hlbbard, Tlioroat V^jne^ Elias Porter, 

. • AaativsiCOrsaftk 

Isaiah Potter, Noah Payne, Jr., Jotham Whit4 
Jotham White, Jr.. Elislia White, Elisha WhiU 
Jr^ Solomon White, Peter Grant, Benjami 
Grant, William Conant, John •. hamberliu. Job 
Lymon, Samuel Payue and David Preston. 

Tlio first settlement in town was made b 
En^fign Joseph Williams, in September, 1793 
on tlte south line of the town, on the lUrm noi 
owned by Horace P. Gale. Other settlers cum 
in the next two or three years, among who: 
were Maj. Joseph Thayer. Christopher Carej 
Humphrey and Kphnam Hunt, Gould Cam; 
John and Matthew Sloane, Ezra Paine, Ezr 
Goodalo, Abel Skinner, Jabez Rodgeri^ Porte- 
Lord and others. The town was organize 
March 9, 1796, meeting warned by Abel Skir 
uer, justice of the peace, and holden at th 
house ol Joseph Williams. Joseph Thayc 
was elected moderator ; John Sloane, tow 
clerk ; Gould Camp, Thomas Slorrs Paine an 
Fairbanks Bush, seloctracu; Gould Camp, ireai 
urer ; Ezra Paine, constable ; Fairbanks Bu.-l 
Ezra Goo^lale and Humphrey Hunt, listers; ao 
Joseph Williams, graud-juror. The town wa 
first rejircscnleJ by Ezra Goo^lale, in 179S.- 
The first check-list of voters who took the fre< 
men*s oath, was made Sept 2, 1 800, and is « 
follows : Ezra Paine, Wra. Baker, Abram Spal 
ford, Ephraira Hunt, Peter Salter, Humphrc 
Hunt, Ezra Goodale, Solomon Howard, Wn: 
R. Nelson, John Nelson, Joseph Currier, Jowj- 
Board, David Goodrich, Ira Chamberlin, Lemui 
Peake, Isaac Alden, David Nel-^JU, Dyar Wi' 
orman, Charles C Nelson, Absalom Stronj 
John Stacy, Aaron Griswold, Amariah Sanbors 
Thaddeus Clapp, Fairbanks Bush, TimotL 
Bush, Nathl. Holbrook, John Payne, Jarce 
Pinnes and Sanborn Batchelder. 

The first meeting of the original propricta- 
on record was holden at Mig. Burton's, iu No: 
wich, June 28, 1785. Amos Robinson wa 
proprietors' derk until at a meeting hoH. n a 
Orange, April 26, 1796, Joseph Tliaycr va 
elected derk, who held the office until Feb. U 
1810, when John Stacy was elected to tl 
ofllce. \ 


John Sloane from 1796 to 2798. Fairbunt 
Bush, 1798—1800. John Stacy, 1800—13.- 
Tbaddeus Clapp, 1813— *30. Reuben Whiti 
1830— *46. Timothy Hincock, 1846— '52.- 
Cartos Carpenter 1852— '54. Horace FfivJJ 
1864— '57. D. 8. Melendy, 1857— '61. P. A 
Camp, 1861— '63; and E 0, Peaks from IS^ 
to the present time (1808)^ 





Ezra Paine, Fairbanks Bnsh, Andrew Dewej. 
Thomas & Paine, Djar Waterman, James Bald- 
wio, Krastus Camp, Reuben White, Natbao 
Foster, Louis F. Peabodj, Carlos Carpenter, kr- 
tcmas Houghton, 3L N. Waterman, Chester 
Dickcj' and Lyman T. UUlsi 

Tlie first coropanj of enroncd milttia was 
commanded by Captain Peter Salter, a soldier 
of the ReTolution. 

Tl)ere are no professional men now (1868) 
re5idiiig in town : neither ministers, lawyers 
Dor physicians can lire and flourish in this town. 


The religious denominations are Methodi^fts, 
ConffrcRationalists, Freewill Baptists and Uiii- 
rersalists, neither liaring numbers or energy 
enougli to sup|>ort stiitod preaching. There are 
two very neat and commodious Union meeting- 
houses : one at the Centre, and the other at E. 
Orange. There was, at an early day, a Con- 
grc.'ational church orgnnizcd. and the Rer. Bliss was settled orer it. lie stared a 
lb>r years, and le(\. In 1813 there was quite 
an allition made to the chiut^h under the 
priMcliing of RcT.PMneas Randall, since which 
time iheir numbers have diminished until the 
orjanii-ition is nearly become extinct There 
wA<i a Methodist s>x;iety and church organized 
in town about the year 1804, under the preach- 
in^; uf a Rer. Mr. Lang<lon and others, which 
has cmtinuoJ up to tho present time, although 
th«.'y hive no re^lar preacher. There is quite 
1 Ur^'e society of Freewill Baptists at East Or- 
a;.gi\ made up from Orant^ Washington, 
Toj»«ha!n and Corinth, who occupy the church 
a; F.H'it Orange a part of the time. There is 
a:^v)iher Freewill Baptist society on the north 
ra-i'l, 80 colled, oonneciod with West Topshara, 
whore they tisually attend church. Tlie Unl- 
Torsalists hare no society; but ooca5tionally 
hare preaching at the Centre, and at Fast Or* 
an^e churclies. There is at present but one 
Btori* in to^-n. and thot at East Orange. There 
are two post oflBcos in town : one at Orange, and 
one at East Orange. The Orange post ofBce 
was (published in 1821 : David Nelson. P. M., 
who held tho office to 1831. Orange Pifleld 
held the office from that time to 1 848. WiUiam 
H'180 is postmaster at the present time. The 
^»*t Orange post-office was esUblUhed about 
is 19: n. W. Bailey, postmaster. Aaron Chubb 
i» t\e present postmaster. 

Tlie population of the town has not Increased 
for several rean past; man/ CamQiet hart left 

town, and their placet have not been fiUod.— 
Tbe trade of the town goes to Barro, Washiof- 
tOQ, Tepeham and PUinftekl, whore the peopl# 
go for milling and mechanical works. 

Tbe followiug perwn% bi»m in Orange^ fitted 
tliemselvca. and became ministers of tbe goepel: 
Ileradiell Foster, Ira B^ard, Joseph A. Sher- 
bum, George P. Beard, J. Ilervey Bumham, 
Erastiis C. Payne, Corodou 11. SblW, Elislia M. 
Tliurston, llezckiah F. Dickey and George King. 

The town raised but few men who have 
held county or State ofBoea. Iloraoe Fifiold 
and It M. Hill have been county settatork B. 
F. Fifield (now of Montpelier) is now district 
attorney fur the State. Lutlier Carpenter and 
Carloe Oarpetitor have been residents of tlie 
town, and Rodney E. Patterson is now a resi- 
dent : have beoh judges of tho county court. 
Luther S. Bimiham and Carlos t*arpenter have 
bi-en h'gli shcrills of tho county, while residents 
of tbe town. 

Tho first settlers have nearly all poFsed away. 
Tho ooly ones now living are Kzckiel Good- 
rich, aged 92, wlio has lived in town S(»roe 70 
ye.-irs, and Mrs. Lucy Nch^oo, widow of Capi. 
David Xelson, now ovor 91 yeuni old, wlm haa 
lived in town about 73 yeirs. Tiiere have l>eeQ 
many pcrso:>s in town who liave attained to 90 
years and upwards. 

Tho inhabitunts of tho town have generaUy 
been remarkably healthy. The epoued lever 
in 1812, cirriod off some 40 persons in a sliort 
space of time. (>;her t!uin that, tlie people 
have suffcrod no unusual sicknesit 

Tike first settlors of the town were a hardy 
set of men from the common walks of life ; nnom 
highly educated, as reference to tho early reo- 
ords and pipers of tlie town will more Ailly 
show. Amoug those who filled the offices in 
early times in town, wai 


who came into town flrom Shrewsbury, MasL, 
in 1790. Like many new settlon, be came into 
the town poor; but by dint of close saving and 
careAil muuajemeut, he arn-tssed a werj hand- 
some property. He was called to discharge the 
duties of many town offices; was a selectmaa 
13 years ; oversecT of poor a number of yean ; 
represented the town in 1S21 ; was a member 
of the Congregational church some 25 yean 
previous to his death, whtch occurred Sept. 1, 
1847. ne died, aged 78 years, and left a fam- 
ily of 9 daughter!. His widow is now living, 
having been one of the model housewives of 
the town. 

« I 


. ■ 

' I 





* » 

• I 


i • 



VEnMorn* histobical magazine. 

It •• 
1 1 

oou fiAMVBL nnsLD 
was OM of tb« early settlen in towiL He gare 
hie attention to fpec^Wting in Undt, and at an 
earijT daj acquired quite a propertj lor tboae 
dajt, in trading in every thing there wae then 
in the country. He died in June, 1X21. aged 
66 jcuriL He led a large ftimiljr, oulj two Hont, 
CoL Orange Fiflold, of Montpelicr, and Hon. 
Horace Fifield, of Barrr. who are men cf ability 
and enterprise. 


one of the pioneer phjaidanfl in Verroont, was 
bom at Lebanon, <X Sept. 6, 1775, and re- 
lOOTed with his father to Hartford, Vt, about 
17S4. Ho was a grandmn of Lt. Got. Joseph 
Marsh. He was married to Rtioda Pitkin in 
1803. Dr. Bill studied medicine at Hartford, 
and in 1801, rcmored to Orange, where be had 
a large and extcnsire practice as a phjsieian, 
In that and the surrounding towns. At ibis 
time the country was new, with but few public 
roads ; tlie travel was necessarily on horseback 
and on foot, and for many years he pursued his 
profession under these trj-ing circumstances. — 
Giviu;? his time and talents to his profession, he 
never nought political prefi-rmcnt; yet, in 1815, 
his fvllow-townsmcn put him in nomination, and 
elected him to the legislature of the State. 

Dr. Bill was the first and only practicing pljy- 
sician in town until the rpring of 1839, when 
Ite removed to West Topsham, where he con> 
tfnued in the practice of his profession until his 
death, which occurred suddenly, SepL 21, 1854. 
His wife survived him a few yeirs. 6he died 
tt Bnrr % April 9. 18')$, in her 85th year. 

Dr. Bill was a very succoAftfut practioner for 
over 50 rears; ever cheerful under all circum- 
etanct-9. aflable and kind, a firm friend and good 
neighl>i>r. But few men have been more res* 
peeled Aud ei^toemed than l^r, BiU. 

HUH. lctueh carpenteb 
was lK>rn in Xorwieh, Oct. 23, 1778: came to 
Oranjre in October. 1801, purc)ia«ed a new lot 
of land and cleared it up, which he owned un- 
til liis doath. He was called to di.*chur7e tlie 
duties of motit all the various town offices; was 
m seleciman 17 years; an acting justice of tlie 
poaci* 35 years; representml the town in the 
Gener^d assembly 14 years ; was a member of 
tlie cimncil of censors in 184.1, ana of the con- 
•titutioual convention in 1850 ; was a Judge of 
the county court in 1833 and 1831. He died 
At Orange, .\pril 93. 1801. He was very hiflrm 
for tome years previous to his decease. He left 
bnt one son, Cark>s Carpenter (wlio now reeidea 

at Barre,) who was bom at Orange, Sept 30, 
1804; who has filled various town office* in 
Orange, having represented that town tbret 
years ; waa first constable twelve years : was 
sheriff of Orange County in 1850^ and appoint- 
ed judge of the oounty court in 1851, and town 
clerk of Orange in 1852 and 1853, and was 
elected town derk of Barre in 1805^ whidi o^ 
fioe he now oocupiet. 


was bom !u Orange, Nov., 1S03; received a 
common school education, became a succesafol 
teacher of common schools; a man of verj 
strong mind and perseverance, became a very 
succi'ssful manager of suits at law. Although 
not a legal practitioner at law, yet be attended 
to suits in the town and vicinity, and managed 
them with skill not inferior to the lawyers of 
his day. He was overseer of poor for maof 
years ; one of tlM selectmen, and justice of ths 
peace, and represented the town in the general 
assembly in 1847 and 1848. He died at Or- 
ange, in October, 1855, of tjphoid fover, aged 

BY axv. i. s. cosrvEBsa. 

JoH5 Stact was born at Hopkinton, Mam. 
Oct 16, 1760. He was left an orphan when 
2 years old, and being at an early age booDd 
out to service, enjoyed but slight advantage 
of education. The death of his ma«ter rub- 
se<|uently set him at liberty ; and, in 1777, 
when in his 17th year, he entered the service 
of his country as a private soldier, and serv- 
ed, with slight intermission, 'till the close of 
the war, when he received an honorable dif- 
charge from Gen. Knox, in December, 17S3, 
after something more than 6 years service. 

To do bis duty faithfully and fearlesf>ly wii 
with Mr. Stacy a living principle from e-irlj 
life. His prompt fidelity as a soldier foon 
procured his promotion — first to office in his 
own company, and afterward as clerk of his 
regiment When General Washington lay it 
Xewburgh, Mr. Stacy was selected as one of 
his life-guard, in which poH he was persoDfil- 
ly noticed by the General in a manner m*^ 
flattering to a soldier's pride. Although it 
was not his lot to take part in any importsot 
battles, he performed much valuable servi A 
and at the close of the war returned to bif 
native eounty, Worcef ter, Mass. Having i^ 
quired a trad^ be settled in Windsor, Vt— 
and snbsquently, in 1797, removed to Orsogt. 
VI, where he engaged ia tgrictiUnre. and rt- 




«ded 38 yean. In 1835, admoniphed by the 
infirroitiet of age, be toagbt the tbeltering 
protection of bit ton in Barlipgton, where 
he resided till hii death, in the 87th year of 
his age, Dec. 9. 1840. 

Mr. SUcy, by hii benerolence, integrity 
and »oand judgment, secured the respect of 
hifi townsmen, and exerted a strong influence 
in moulding society into a proper form. He 
rt-jTosented the town of Orange in the legis- 
lature, was 13 years their town clerk, and 29 
years and officiating magistrate, in which ca- 
pacity he distinguiubed himself particularly as 
a peace-maker. As a magistrate he was call- 
ed to do a somewhat esteoMve business, and 
there being no lawyer in the place, he was 
pADcrally resorted to for legal advice. From 
Lis deciiiions as a magistrate, such was the 
confidence in his good jud;;rocnt and int<^gri- 
ty, that appeals were rar«ly t^ken, and in 
only one case, in nearly 30 years, was a de- 
cision of his overruled by the higher courts. 
Tiie following incident is in {K>int: 

Tlie late Dennison Smith, E«q . of Barre, 
b^ing aj»plied to about a writ is-^ued by Mr. 
?tacy, replied : " Sir, that L* hoj»elc*s ; 1 hare 
nuU\ that question long since. Law, Sir, 
l< l)ie perfection of reason, and there is too 
much reason and practical common sense in 
irhat John Stacy says and does, to allow any 
hope of escape in quibbles. I advise you to 
S'lilc your suit, or to prepare to have justice 
iiiPted out to yon." 

Though emphatically a man of peace, he 
wa<> always feelingly alive to the interest and 
h'.iior of his country. At the commence- 
E^^ni of the war of 1812 he fitted out two 
of bi^ sons for the army — the younger but 
1^ y^ars ot age, and invoking God's bles- 
cin;; on them and their country's cause, he 
^ I U them go where duty called, and to re- 
t%rd the fK)st of danger as the ]»ost of honor ; 
I'-t. Paid he, never return to your fathers 
^ou-e m disgrace. Shortly after a levy was 
:n.\d<i upon the town for volunteers. The 
<">'-:iT>4ny was paraded upon the common ; the 
T(:]ui«ition was read to them, and the order 
va* given for those who would volunteer to 
t>p oat in front. A dead pause for tome lit- 
w*r time ensued — when, forgetting his decrep- 
itude (for he waa then bowed down with a 
rl^umatic affection) the old man threw aside 
^i* crutches, stepped up in front of the com- 
ptay, and proclaimed with emphatic indigna- 
tion : ** I *11 go for one : I want to tee thosa 

boys of mine, and know whether they are m 
destitute of patriotic bearing as ar« the oon- 
rades they have left behind.** •'J^ol ooT 
shonted many voices at onoe, and immediate- 
ly the requisition was more than filled up. 

At tlie age of 45 Mr. S. made a public pro- 
fession of religion, and from that day to the 
hour of his death practised it in hit life, and 
enjoyed its consolations and hopes. For yean 
bis house in Orange was familiarly called the 
** Preacher's home.** Experimental religion 
was with him a favorite theme of converta- 
tion. He loved to dwell upon the mercy and 
goodness of God in Hit dealings with man. 
The more outward of Christianity he regard- 
ed as of minor importance ; but he gave evi- 
dence in his old age of having drank deeply of 
its spirit and power. Hence he was uniform- 
ly cheerful and happy, inspiring those around 
with the conviction that tlie measure of hit 
own happiness was full. The secret of the 
whole IS, he had steadily filled up the measure 
of his duty in the various relations of life in 
such a manner, that the retrospect gave him 
iht' checrfulnf^s of youth, and the pcacefulneet 
which flows from the conscioa^noss of well- 
doing. Happy the close of life to such a man. 
His name is honorable ; and though he has 
filled no high station, he leaves to his kin 
and the world, in the treasured remembrance 
of what he was, as a parent, a Christian and 
servant of his country, a richer legacy than 
gold can purchase. 
Dec. 11. 1846. 

ncxnr baldwx5 stact. 

BT HOS. BATia BBia. 

Hevbt B. Stact, whose death occurred at 
Revel, in Russia, on the 18th of June last^ 
where for seven years or more he had previ- 
ously resided as United States* Consul, waa 
the son of John Stacy, noticed in the preced- 
ing article. He was born in Orange, Aug. 23, 
1804. and was the youngest, save one, of n 
family of 12 children, of whom one only snr^ 
vives him — Mrs. Haswell, of Bennington.— 
His father was a farmer of limited meant.— 
The practice of industry and economy waa 
not merely theoretical with him, but a mat- 
ter of stern necessity — ^which necessity ia 
more often a blessing in disguise than most 
people are willing to allow. Nevertheleaa 
John Stacy*t wit one of Uiose families where 
the children had an early training calculated 
to develop the powers which God had gives 
tbem, physical and mental— jntt tirab train- 

u " 

I • 


♦ - 



' i 



I ': 



• » 

J J 




ing as most of oar intelligent, ftroog-minded 
and enterprising men usually get while young, 
and afterwards lean upon as their only and 
beet capital to start life with : for the world 
has learned by long experience, that sound 
heads and large, honest hearts are not the or- 
dinary products of luxury and ease; but 
rather that early education where the labor 
of the hands and the head necessarily unite 
to obtain food and clothing for the body, and 
development and growth to the mind. 

In such a school as this the youthful days 
of Henry B. Stacy were spent. In boyhood he 
grew up under the cooperative labor requir- 
ed of him by industrious, yet loving parents ; 
and he, bright and active from infancy, al- 
ways applied himself with a cheerful scst, 
to perform his allotted work upon the farm. 
His labors were of that juvenile character 
suited to his age — he rode the horse, furrowed 
out the fields, dropped the com and potatoes, 
drove the cows and ranged over the loti to 
collect the sheep ; and if he lost a little time 
m frolic with the lambs, he was the more 
healthful and happy for it These rural la- 
bors and sports were never forgotten by him : 
trough life he was accustomed to look back 
upon them as part and parcel of jiimself. in- 
ielibly impressed by the force of early asso- 
jtaiions, giving him always a partiality for 
the farm. ^ 

At the age of 14, however, he left the farm 
And went to Bennington, to learn the print- 
dr*s tra'le, in the office of the Vermont Gazette. 
He had previously to that time received the 
advantages of common school education only ; 
but he was a ready scholar, had a quick, pen- 
etrating mind, rare powers of investigation, 
and within him, the germ of self education 
and progress, which developed iUolf more and 
more through his whole life. He entered the 
office of the Gazette in the capacity of an ap- 
prentice, holding the marked po^^ition, for 
some time, of the last and least of the type- 
setting fraternity of the office; but he made 
good improvement in the art, and was in due 
time promoted to the rank of a first-class 
workman. After some years of service at 
Bennington, he worked at Middlebury, and 
then again at Montreal, as a journeyman 
printer. He remained at Montreal until 
July, 1S27, when he came to Burlington and 
entered the office of the "Burlington Free 
Press," as ••printer." 

The ?xt% Tress had then but just been es- 

tablished by Luman Foote, Esq., in the : 
terest of the ^^ational Republican Party, a 
in support of the administration of Jo 
Quincy Adams — and the party then organic 
has to this day, under the names of whig a 
republican, maintained its political aiiccad.i 
cy over the public mind in this State--givi 
direction to its legislation, and to that poll 
in relation to the movements of the gene; 
government, which has been so repeat^.^ 
and uniformly expressed by the people 

The first number of the Burlington Fi 
Press was issued June 15, 1827, at which ti; 
Mr. Foote was both editor and proprietor, 
commenced its existence at first under the ; 
fiuence of his powerful pen, and ackno^ 
edged ability as an editor ; and with the : 
of several outfide contributors to its coluin 
the influence of the paper was at once felt 
the community and soon gave direction 
public sentiment, not only on the great po] 
ical questions of the day, but on temperai 
and other moral subjects, which it earner) 
advocated. Mr. Stacy took the sole char 
of the mechanical work until Jan. 2S, lS2s 
about 6 months only — when he and Mr. Fo< 
entered into co-partnership, as joint edit^ 
and proprietors, and the paper, in pureuai 
of such arrangement, was thereupon condu 
ed in the name oi *' Foote & Stacy.** 

The two leading editorial articles that i 
peared in the first issue of the paper af: 
their joint interest was formed, recalls to 
the recollections of our great orator and stai 
man. Henry Clay. At that time the prov 
tion of American industry was the subje 
above all others, that lay nearest the hei 
of Mr. Clay. The Uriff of 1S23 was subpt j 
tially the result of the personal efforts a 
the unrivalled eloquence of that emioe 
statesman. These views of Mr. Clay we 
very earnestly supported by the Free Vn^^'S^ 
one of the editorials referred to ; and the ot 
er defended him with equal ability agsinyt t 
charges of corruption brought against him 1 
Gen. Jackson, as to his support of Mr. A^^' 
for the presidency ; which charges Mr. Ch 
so triumphantly refuted, in his communic 
tion to the public on the subject ^ 

The principles of public policy advocst 
by the Republican and the Democratic pi 
ties, respectively, in support of their can: 
dates for the presidency, in 1828, seemed 
fix the landmarks of the republican elcoe 




io this State, from which ii hM neTtr depart- 
ed. Tlie Free Press advocated the re-election 
of Mr. Adams, and ahly discossed the meat- 
orei upon which it was claimed. The array 
of talent that entered upon the field of dis- 
cussion in that very exciting and memorable 
conte<*t, has never been sarpassed in the his- 
tory of the country. The declarations that 
the administration of John Qnincy Adams 
must be put down, whether right or wrong, 
and to the victors belong the spoils of office, 
were received by the republican pM'ty as 
avowals but little short of rebellion and rer- 
filution, and arou)<ed the conservative element 
of the country to the highest pitch of indig- 
nation And alarm. Our orators and leading 
public journaU sought, bnt sought in vain.Vo 
ATTt^i the dangerous sentiments the dem- 
ocratic leaders diffused .Among the unreflect- 
ing masses of the people; le.iders of a new 
and hhe deroocrncy, holding out untold ad 
vant^gt'A to the poor man, which at the south 
rcfuhed in nuUificntion, and at the north in 
a loo«e return to the duties of citizenship and 
obedience to law and order, when threlection 
was over. 

On this pcca«ion the speeches of Henry 
Clay, Daniel Webster, Edward Everett, ao'l 
numerous other speakers appeared in t!ie col- 
umr>« of the Free Press; with elabonile edi- 
tori:iN and comments U|»on them. Some of 
tlic«ft article* were written by Mr. Foote, oth- 
er? by Mr. Stacy ; and the paper pro.«ented to 
itp rea«lers such a fund of knowled;;e and ar- 
g'lment in it« columns, on the question*" at is- 
sue, that it became a power in the Slate, and 
an instrument of jealous opposition from the 
opj.-Hting party. Wherever it Hrcnlated, its 
koca satire and unanswerable logic carried 
conviction to the hearts of it* readers ; not so 
mnrh for party, as for the establi««hment of 
found political doctrines, essential to the pre- 
servation of the Union and the success of the 
g'^vernment And it is now no less interest- 
ing than true, that the leading sentiments of 
th*^ I»ai»er and the party it supported at that 
dsy, have triumphed at Ia«t^nullification 
»nd slavery are crushed out, and the essential 
doctrine* of the party maintained. Vermont, 
rtan^ing at timos almost alono in the contro- 
▼crsj, n«»verthel^ss heid fast to her position i 
*1»< fought long and manfully for the cause, 
•ni now enjoys her full share in the glory of 
a victorious result 

October 22, 1832, Mr. Stacy was married 

to Miss Maria Corning, daughter of Maj. 
Wm. Corning, of Burlington, preyious to 
which time he had purchased and taken tht 
entire control of the Free Press ; the first is- 
sue of the paper in the name of H. B. Stacy 
alone, being on the 20th of July, 1832. Mr. 
Foote at that time retired from editorial life, 
after ser\'ing about 5 years in that capaci^, 
and sold out his entire interest in the paper 
to Mr. Stacy, who thereupon became its sole 
editor and proprietor. Out of respect for 
Mr. Foote, it is not deemed improper here to 
say, that he was a young man of rare ability, 
possessing a talent to use the pen with great 
facility and power. His skill, especially at 
sharp criticism, was always ready at hand; 
he delighted to bring to the surface the char- 
acter of men whose motives w^ere merely self- 
ish : and to show up the fallacy of the prin- 
ciples they used to varnish over their heartless 
pretensions. Honesty and patriotism were 
the ruling motives of Luman Foote, while he 
was as«ociated with the press ; and his capac- 
ity not only as a writer, but his character as 
a scholar, and a gentleman of fine social 
qualities, were justly accorded to him. 

Mr. Stacy now proceeded to publish tlie Free 
Pres«, under his sole charge, beginning at a 
period of time when some of the mosi impor- 
tant evenU in the hi!«tory of the country were 
in progress. The veto message of President 
Jack«on of the act of Congress renewing the 
charter of the United States Bank had just 
arrived, and appeared in the next issue of the 
paper. The new tariff-bill had al5K> passed, 
so changing the tariff of 1828 as to give a 
fatal blow to the protective system — and the 
bill for various internal improvements re- 
mained in the pocket of the President, past 
the time for his signature, and Congress had 
adjourned without day — the re-election of 
Gen. Jackson to the presidency, with Henry 
Clay his opposing candidate, agitated the 
whole country, both north and south ; and 
with so many fires to heat up the ]»n]itical 
chaldron, it boiled and foamed with unusual 
intf-n^ity — and to add to the excitement, nul- 
lification and treason were boldly rising and 
showing their defiant forms in Sooth Caroli- 
na. lnde<*d a convention had hut n'cently 
met in Charleston, and resolved that the rer- 
enue laws of the general government were 
unconstitutional, null and void, and declaring 
it unlawful for the authorities of the govern- 
ment to attempt to enforce such laws ; and 


• * 

• »i 



t ^ 



• I 

t • 



I ' 



taking %wxy the right to appeal to tb« United 
States CourU from the deciniont of the courts 
in South Carolina, and imposing a heavy ]»en* 
mlty apoD all such as should attempt it A)m> 
declaring any future act of CongresK pa^^sed 
upon the subject null and void; and tliat the 
SlAte of South Carolina is Mvert-ign and inde- 
peodent, and pledging the |ieople of the State 
to maintain said ordinance at every hazard. 

It now became necej^^ary for Gen. Jackson 
to quench the fire which Mr. Calhoun and 
biv friends had kindled ; and the memorable 
proclamation of the old hero and patriot. 
against those acts of nullification and treason, 
ap]«eared in the columns of tlie Free Pre^A, 
Dec. 21, 1832, wherein the President express- 
ed hi< full determination **to exocute the laws 
of the general government, and preserve the 
Union.** On the receipt and publioation of 
ibis proclamation, although in Uie mi<lst of 
great ]>olitical ferment and bitter party pre)- 
odico, Mr. Stacy fully appreciated the crisis 
that was npon us, and in a manly, high-toned 
ipirit, so characteristic of him, laid a<ide his 
party prejudices, and frankly accor<letl to Gen. 
Jack<>on the honor and glory of Li« energetic 
%nd patriotic course on that occa^^ion. He 
felt tliat the cx«ution of the laws sad the 
preservation of the Union were far above all 
other ]>olitical considerations; and in justice 
to his country, he at once refolved not to 
•brink from his duty as a journalist, and to 
give his commendation to a just measure, 
whether it came from friend or foe. In his 
editorial on the subject he says, **We have 
cheerfully given up our columns to-day to the 
Pre»*ideut*8 Proclamation. It is an important 
document, and will be read with gratification 
by every one who justly estimates the value 
of his country and its priceless innitutiou)'. 
With the exception of the intimation that the 
protecting jH)licy is about to be surrendered, 
we can moset cordially approve the sentiments 
expressed, and admire the lofty and patriotic 
strain in which they are uttered." 

Those sentiments showed that Mr. Stacy 
was no bigoted partisan, but was ever ready 
to lend the influence of his mind and press, 
free and indq^endent, to such measures as ap- 
peared to him of public interest or utility, 
coming from whatever source they might 

Through a succession of years, up to 1S40, 
during a period of nnexampled financial em- 
Varrassment, resulting from the derangement 

tariff and destruction of the United States 
Bank, the Free Press pursued its cx>nsist<-nt 
coun^ of opinion and {»o1icy. Its views were 
thoroughly republican, and when the presi- 
dential campaign of 1810 w:is o|>ened. it did 
not waver or hesitate for a moment, in the se- 
lection of its candidate. The devotion of 
William Henry Harrison to the inter^^i^t* of 
his country, his long tried hone-ty and faith- 
ful services, wherever called upon to uct as a 
public officer, were to the PreM a bt*tter guar- 
antee of hw fitnej's for the pre-.-ideD«:y, ilian 
the fickle character of a man who had b* en 
trained tlirough life as a mere jiolitician — 
mixing up its arts and intrigut^« with his pub- 
lic ser\nces, when needed to answer his own 
purposes, or the ends of his party. The lo:^- 
cabin, the adopted ensign of the Nat. P.ep. 
Party, appeared at the editorial head of the 
Free Prc-s, and it supported with great firm- 
ness and ability the election of Gen. Harrison, 
and enjoyed a full share in the triumph of 
his success. 

During this exciting conlef=t, the Free Yt*'^ 
was enlarged to more than twice the amount 
of its na-hng matter, and now bocani*' il»e 
largH5t pajter in the State, and one of ihe 
large)*t country paj^ers in the Union. On tins 
ocva-sion Mr. Stacy expresses these noble /•< n- 
tiraent^ in relation to the political chat.uter 
of the paper : *' As to our |»olitical c(»ur><\ 
let the paft be tlie guaranty for the future. — 
The Fri-e Pres*', as its title iinportj«, is emphat- 
ically /r(c. VCe are by birth, e<luralion :«ii'i 
habit, a republican ; and, like the j»oor luan'i 
inheritance, our e.-vrly impressions .^erm likdy 
to go with us througli life. Our paper wiii i e 
the fearhS'' a«lvocate of tho«e great )»rinci} 1»? 
of equality that lie at the foundation of "ur 
republican institutions ; and we shall f«uj»|'i>rt 
sueh men and such measures as 5hall in our 
estimation secure their ascendancy, and h^ -t 
promote the public good." 

Mr. Stacy continued to publish the Frf^i 
Pre^s as sole editor and "i^roprietor up to 1> l'», 
when he sold out to Gen. DeWitt C. CU-k ; 
and thereupon terminated his services a« edi- 
tor and publisher. During the lime of su»'b 
service, he kept up the interest and rej»nta- 
tioQ of his pa]»er, and fully sustained its in- 
fiuence. He held a power over it« re.iden 
from the known honesty of his course, as a 
conscientious, consistent and reliable journal* 
ist: feeling his responsibility to the public. 

of the currency following the reduction of the I looking to the greatest good and the disi^eini* 




nation of truth onlj. Sacb, indeed, would 
naturally be the character of hia paper; 
formed as it wa« by toateriala di»tiII<H) from 
the head and heart that supplied its columns. 
The pa|»er, moreover, while in the charge 
of Mr. Stacy, became a journal of puhlic 
utility in more ways than one. From his 
varied experience in life, as well as from his 
ta<tc for research and study, he became famil- 
iar with books, acquired a fair knowledge of 
the arts and s<-iences, of agriculture, trade, 
thf means of oJut^ation, the domff^tic and 
fortign rt'laiions of the country, and Tanou«» 
other Fubjecis. All the^e matters bein^ such 
a? lao'-t interc-^tel his readers, he j>re*»inted. 
in a j»ractical lij^ht, in the columns of the Free 
rref«.^, in connection with the news of the day ; 
and tliereby greatly improved the value and 
interest of the paper. But the lile of an ed- 
itor and conductor of a public journal is a 
lahorioiw and tirc<ome one. In spite of the 
cheering iniluenoe uj»on him, in vi<^w of the 
good he aims to accom] li-h, and the mtelli 
gtnce he seeks to dilTuse, ho ncvenhfless tiros 
under the continuous tension of his brain, 
and fickens under the confin»'m«-nt of his call- 
ing : and no one n< ed wonder that he should. 
afier thuH working for a »«ucc<-?^ion of years, 
InM'oine anxious to shake off trie weary lifo, and 
once a^ain ^njoy fre<»dom of body and mind ; 
that freedom which can be found only by 
pa.'^'iiLDg out in the uiidt^t of (jod's works, and 
comnmning with nature — the fields and tlic 
fop5ts become to him a )>aradise; and the 
Fweet air a healing balm to hit proytrate 

Mr. SlacT having disposed of the paper, 
ind altio of his interest in the building on 
Colh-ge street, where the Free Press is still 
j»ulli-litd, which he erected for hisolfic<», then 
L^-M in the ba.«eiuent, making a private dwell- 
ing of the j-e'ond story, where his family for 
««'veral yean resided, now wholly relin- 
^juished the life of aa editor and printer, and 
I'urrlia^ed a small f.irra. As already seen, h** 
^'•il always bftt^n a strong advocai«j of the 
firming inter'^ts of .the State, and his taste 
and inclinations led him to look ui»on agri- 
<'t>Uural lift* as the most healthful, natural and 
fla-ani of occupations. His farm waa lo- 
^^U-d about a mile north of tlie village of 
l^ Arlington, upon the lake shore, where he re- 
»>>M with his family until he «Dterc*d upon 
I i< mission as United Sutes Consul to Ru^^sia. 
^e situation be selected aa his renidence and 

farm, is, perhaps, one of the roost beaut ifo). 
in ita natural scenery, in the vicinity of Bur- 
lington — a town to much admired for the 
beauty of ita location and surroundings. But 
his place was better adapted to the purpose 
of a fine private residence, than that of a prof- 
itable farm ; indeed, it was purchase«] for the 
former object, and for ita prosf»ective value in 
view of the ultimate growth and exten!<ion of 
the town, rather than for farming alone. It 
lionlers nj»on the bay for a considerable dis- 
tance*, and presents, in pro«j»ect, extensive fa- 
ciliiies for wharfage and manufacture; and 
on the protM'rty he erected a wharf with an 
inclined ]dane, and the nece«sary apparatus 
for hauling vcs-^lsout of the water for repairs. 
Tills structure, howev#*r, not long after its 
completion, wa* so mnrh injured by the spring 
llo<»d and ioe. as to destroy it in a measure, and 
it wii« ahan loned, to the heavy pecuniary loss 
of .Mr. Stacy. 

In the in«antime he mnde some investments 
ill real .T'l ate, in lolssonth of him for building 
j.uipo^fs, .ind a lot of 40acre^ or so north, !U 
an a'Miii(*n lo his farming interests. But in 
ihe c?ian^*'< in progress, by the opening of 
rail roa I?*, n«\v str-cin and water-facilities, he 
became involved in litigation, which greatly 
incr»'a-ad his financial embarrassment. But 
during tliis tiin*'. as well.a« previously, he held 
the confidence of the j»eojde of hi* town, who 
for a b»ng **r'v'^ of years had elect^-d him to 
important town and other public offices, and 
hi« acquaintance and influence were so exten- 
sive in the State, that he stood as the man in 
Burlington,, on whom the utmost reliance 
could be placed by the citizens of that town, 
on O' ca-ions of sj»ecial inltr'-st and imi»ort- 
ance, where sound judgni*>nt, tilent and in- 
fluence w«Te required to look after those 
interest*. And when m«a«ures were likely 
to come up in the legislature involving ques- 
tions of vital importance to the town or 
Slate, he wa-« (on several such occasions) se- 
l"ci«*<l to re[«resent the town in thatl)ody ; and 
for four ytars, IS!."?, Ml, '51 and "5*i, he was 
chosen their rej»rt.*sentative — the la*t year 
witli special reference to the discussion of the 
subject of re-building the .^tate House at Bur- 
lingtnn. instead of Montj«eli«*r. He was, dur- 
ing his membership, a l**ading man in the 
b'gislatur**, having a strong wr>rking influence 
out*ide ihe House, as w«dl a* h'ji-lativ«- intlu- 
ence wilSiu it As a puldi.- -h h iti-r, h»- was 
r«-a<ly and prompt, and nev^r t:r^-d hi>* l;cHr« rs 

■i - 

. t 

« ♦ 

i r 

I ' 


^ • 



^ « 


by lengthy deUiU or doll reitetition; but 
hu tentoDcet were osnally thort, animatiDg. 
and full of life. His speecbet before the 
HouM, or Joint Ajsembly, as be might find 
occasion, were always sound, straight for- 
ward, convincing, and of a high order ; and 
he was listened to with marked attention 
whenever he felt called upon to otter hi^ 
views. He habitually hesitated at the com- 
mencement of his speech, as if struggling to 
overcome a diffidence that seemed just then 
to baffle him ; but after a few wry turns of 
the body and pnfis from his pent-up lungs, he 
would rise above all embarraAsmeot, and go 
on with a clear head and voice. He usually 
spoke in plain terms, bat with energy, and 
direct to the subject under di^cu^^ion; and 
often gave force and interest to his remarks 
by touches of true native eloquence. Indeed, 
the people of Burlington, and of the State 
for that matter, so long as those of his day 
and generation remain upon the stage, will 
not forget the many times, in public meetings 
^nd convention?, that they have listened to 
bis voice, in behalf of some matter of politi- 
cal or public interest. And it is but just to 
Mr. Stacy here to say, that he was always 
foremost in proposing and carrying out any 
measure in town, designed for its improve- 
ment, or for the advancement of its business 
prospects ; and his own means, limited as they 
were, to a generous extent were made a free 
offering to such purposes. He did not even 
hesitate to employ his own hands'or the hands 
of his men, gratuitously, to decorate and im- 
prove the village, with the liberal motive of 
enlivening the beauty of the place and grat- 
ifying his own taste, and consulting the con- 
venience and comfort of his neiglibort and 

Mr. Stacy was not one of that class of men 
who gave up to discouragement on meeting 
with disappointments and losses, but with a 
reeolntion and cheerfulness that seemed al- 
ways to attend him, he met hard days and 
timet in the spirit of a true philosopher. In- 
deed, his mind was so constituted, and energy 
and perseverance were to natural with him, 
that be grasped at the future with a firm 
hope, and always appeared to enjoy life in 
the same strain of good humor, as well in ad- 
versity as prosperity. Riches and worldly 
honors bad no sensible attractions for him, 
beyond their | roper connexion with private 
or public utility ; and in fact he looked upon 

both as subordinate to higher purposes than 
mere selfish ends. They attracted him far lees 
than his habitual research and study of the 
things, whether natural or artificial, that made 
op the world around him. This may be clear- 
ly seen as we look back upon the few yean 
previous to his mission to Russia, when he was 
engaged in the chosen occupation of a farmer, 
and still was the same studious and progress- 
ive inquirer. This habit was his pastime, and 
knowledge the ullimalum of his ambition; 
he wanted a reason for every thing, and was 
never satisfied without finding it, if to be 
found by reasonable labor. His writings, 
moreover, show how much his thoughts, in 
addition, were given to the moving topics of 
the day ; all which placed him far in advance, 
in point of general int«illigence, of many who 
made higher claims to learning than he. He 
thus passed on from year to year upon his 
farm, not only enjoying the pleasures of a ru- 
ral life and happy home, but the many hours 
he s)>ent in his study, as seaj^ons of rare pleas- 
ure to him. With adequate moans and free- 
dom from embarrassment, a situation like 
this, so far as the peace and comfort of this 
world are concerned, could not be bettered. — 
But looses mu5t sometimes be made up, and 
at all times if possible honorable obli^aiious 
be met — this he f«»lt and labortni to accom- 
plish ; and always looked at the bright side 
of the case, as if all was right with him — a 
spirit that tried as by fire the gold of the 

Under the circumstances above alluded to, 
he received from President Lincoln the ap- 
pointment of Consul to Revel, in Ruf«ia: 
which position, after full consideration and 
counsel with his family, he decided to accept ; 
and in December, 1861, iet out from New 
York for Liverpool, en roitie to Revel. In 
his account of his outward passage he dis- 
cribes the feelings that came over him, as he 
saw the shores of his native land, agitated u 
they then were by treason and rebellion, re- 
cede from his view. At that time the refolt 
of the great conflict was doubtful ; and as he 
bid a^licQ to his country, he felt it not im- 
probable that it might be a farewell to the 
Union forever. 

On his arrival at Liverpool, he first learned 
of the demand made by the British govera- 
ment for the surrender of the rebel envoys. 
Slidel and Mason. The excitement in Eng- 
land, in tht prospect of a war with tbt 

t , 




United Sutef. mo high; and in Liverpool 
e#]>tviuUy. it wan regaidod an ooavoidabU, 
and U)« p<^]d«« treat«^ it a^ an event Uiej 

And it may be added, that when Mr. Stacj 
reached Xiverpool. the paMengen demanded 
that be, being an official j^iervonage, tboold 

covet«*d. Un*ier thi« nt-w #iate of affAir* in give hia opinion upon the probable couive uC 
tlie rcliition<» of tlie two rountrit^. and the ] the Governm^l in the demand for Mason and 
state of feeling exhi1»itt^ iu Great Uritian on Slidel, and the pr^pect of tlie rebellion being 
iht^ j*ul»je<*i, Mr. Stacy. In-fore lie prottn-ded on crushed — with which Mr. Stacy complied, and 
his hll^^ion, felt it t-xpedient to «'aU u]>oq (he wai» gratified to find hi* audience reassured. 
American Mini.-^tt^r, (Mr. Adaros.) and learn - On his passage between liondon and Ham- 
from him the true ronditioii of tilings between burg. Mr. Stacy a|>peart the tame attentirt 
the twognvf-rnineniji. He iliereii]»onchangr*d ! observer as ever. In crossing the German 
hi> lut^ii'lod Htid more <iirect route, and took Ocean he speaks of the interest he took in 
pa»:ag6 by ruil-rond to Ix>odon. ' M'itnejtfing hiv first sun-set at sea; which he 

In \m tian-it from Liv»T|K>ol lo Lontlop. | thun ploiw^antly describes: *• At length," says 
he dots not hpnak with ai« much admiration ho, 'Mhe Sun began todip. and so perfect was 
a* m<M travclir*. *»f ilie \ «rf«-cti<»n and Im«u- ; the illu>»ion, that no unUnght observer could 
ty of Eng!i-h agriculture and fcsnery. The T*'*\A the conviction that it was indited going 
dVn^e fogi» nnd nnd-day lamp5. with now snd ' down in mid-o«»ean. Little by little it grad- a ftreak of light and fun>liine and then ' wally dif«api»eared. 'till'at last a great wave 
fogaiiain— dingy, naked farm houiM;", the sub- j eeemed to overwhelm it; and I could almost 
dutd and stereotype aj«j»eurance of the fieldf, fwear I saw if deep in the bosom of theocean 
tli«' apparent end of imj-rovenient, but above buried. 

all thf contrail between the m»'re clod-hop|»er 
who ti!l^ the Foil an! thesri>itc»cratic landlord 

lie wan charmed with the beautiful scenery 
and fine country re.'«id<*nces along the Elbe; 

Mha move* him. one and all, gave him no especially with the little town of Blsnkenese, 
very favorable impre<sion«« of Kngli^h iu«'li- where nature and art combin<Hl, have planted 
till ion*-, agriculture and scenery; and when a village of such rare, fantastic beanty ; and 
he found himself in the great melroj^di*. it |on reacbing Hamburgh he pronounced it one 
was to feel di>apj»ointed at its dull exUrior, j ©f the mo!«t charming cities he was ever in.— 
snd a])parent lack of thrift and enterprise. 1 He arrived at lierlin Jan 2, l>^02, called upon 

when coinj»ared with our .\merican cities. 
Huving sought an interview with Mr. Ad- 

Mr. Judd. the .\merican Mini««ter, and after 
taking a turn through the city, he entered the 

sms, his inquiry for the American Mini>ter | |,all(i of the muM*nio, where it is claimed that 
was frequently met by the question, ** which ] the collection presents "a scientific illnstratioii 
minisicr he sought for! the rebel represent- of all that exists or ever has existed in nature 
alive se<-ming to be more generally known .©r art" "I sat me dom'n,'' he says, "and 
and cared for than Mr. Adams." With such j rested a moment in the ori^inal chair that it 
indications of public sentiment, in the very gaid to htve seated the first King of Prussia, 
h»-art and centre of the Englii^h Empire, ut- i and imagined myself a King; but in truth it 
l^rt-d by the people of our own ancestral race, * j, not so comforuble a seat a^ * my old arm- 

snd speaking our own language, he fvlt at 
time* as if be had no country of his own, and 
li:\<J become an outlaw in the hands of British 
Cii-rapncv. Nevertheless, he well knew and 
fi'U that no human ]K>wer. single or combined, 
f<*uM annihilate his government, or check the 
prccress of tho<e" princijdes of liberty and 
equality upon which it was founded. With 
thia state of mind be met Mr. Adams at his 
quartern, by whom he was courteously re- 
^'^ived, and with whom he freely communi- 
cated, as far as the proprieties of his |tosiiion 
would allow ; and left with the hojieful assu- 
rsnce that no rupture would be likely to take 
place between the two governments. 

chair* in the studio, and I found no difficulty in 
d(-ciding to abdicate, with 'nary a donbt* that 
' Cnea«y rests the head that wear* a crown.* ** 
January 18, '62, Mr. Stacy nrrived at RercL 
AAcr heaving Berlin be proceeded directly to 
St. Petertiburg, where, after traiisactinfr hie 
bus'nesA with tbe goremment and the Ameri- 
can minister, Mr. Clay, lie waited »^me 10 days 
before lie found an opportunity to pass down to 
Revel ; and tlien only by skMlfre oonveyanoe.— 
Dnring hie stay in St. Petersbury^ lie liad opk 
portunity to look over the city, and note tbe •#• 
idenccs of its grandeur and Uriah ezpendHnrec; 
eepectany of ita dmrebee and other pttblie 


1. • 



I : 



1 . 

* • 











1 ' 


i « 



-. • 

• I 



At Revel, Mr. Stacy aonglit to lojike himself 
at lioiQc, nod iDde«d fonnd the climate, extent 
•ud flituatioo oTthe citj, and its appareut health- 
fulue^ to fully iD>et hia expectatitins ; but 
every thing was so very d<flereiit in the uiatineri; 
aiid customs of tlie {jeople from life at houie, that 
it was a long time before he coild get Killed 
down in any situation that wms congenial and 
jileaAint Ibr him. The caste thut enters tKi 
largely into Russian society pfeiiented a barrier 
to an acquaintance with tlio people occupying 
a lower grade in society than from hi^ ]>osition 
WikS allotted him ; and, to avoid di8;;race, his 
intercourse wa% in the main, limited to a few 
persons only. 

TIte mode of living and cookery, moreover, 
witli the difficulty of obuniuing good and suita- 
ble scrrunt* fur his household, rendered it diffi- 
cult 10 e.<<tjiblish a satisikctory ro«idence of his 
own : he. however, succeeded, and when lairly 
settled down, felt quite at home ; and for the 
time being ho B]K>nt the moming:^ with his books, 
and tiie evenings in exploring the fields around 
— rich in geological interest — and in collecting 
fofisils, which was always a luvorite e::ercipe 
of his ; and time did not hang heavy U]k>u his 
bands, when be bad the opj»ortuuity of iudulg. 
ing in It. 

Mr. Stacy, however, did not uc^'lecl hw offi- 
cial duties: and he, as a fiiitliful representa- 
tive, sought to collect all needful information, 
within his reach, in any way counecied with 
his consulate. Ho made due research into tlio 
commercial agricultural and manufacturing in- 
terests of the country, so far as they hod a 


— ^her mineral resources, extent of territory and 
vast natural capabilities, with Tsrious other 
matters as a field, propped ively, for trade and 
commerce with the United States. He re- 
viewed, moreover, the cflect uix>n the power 
and resources of Russia, and of her develop- 
ment in all tlie great branches of industry and 
trade, pruiucv^'d by the liberation of twenty 
millions of bond-men within her borders^ to in- 
dividual liberty, lund-holdera and happy i:omes 
— thus prqiuriiig the way for their intellectual 
advancement, and for the inlrotiuction and u^ 
among them of mechanic's tools and agricul- 
tural implements, now hardly known by 
them — presenting a new field foi American 

These and various other matters were the 
objects of bis study, and were embodied io 
his first dispatch of Nov. 20, 1862, to Hon. 
William H. Seward, Secretary of State;* 
whereupon Mr. Seward def^ervedly compli- 
ments Mr. Stacy, by his note as follows : — 

" Slate Departm#*nt, Wash in st on, \ 
lU^. 30th, ISiii. J 

Henry B. Stacy. E^q.. U. S. Con<»ul— Revel : 

Sir — Your despatch of Nov. been 
n-ceived. It is singularly lucid in its exposi- 
tion of several very im]K>rtant material, .so- 
cial and political iniere>t« in Russia Under 
a \n\wi tnat its publication would l»e Uhet'ul, 
I ^hall take care to have it laid before our 

1 am, Sir. your obedient servant, 

William H. Seward." 

It was, neverthelefs, a severe trial to Mr. 
Stacy to be so far away from his home and 

bearing upon market and trade with the Unit- 1 family ; having always been a. home-man— 
ed States. He found that the manunictureoTcot- 1 making his family circle the ^eat of his iniel- 
ton. wool, hemp and flax had greatly fiillen olT, lectual as well as social enjoyments. Aft^r 
under the eOects of the civil diMurbances then in leaving, he felt from the fin>t, that nothing 
]4-ogress in the United States and the western Fhort of their own best interest would induce 
provinces of Russui — that cotton and tobacco him to give up, for a series of years, thof* 


were the chief articles of importation from this 
country, both of which had been suddenly cut 
off by the Soutliem rebidlion. to tlio ruin of nu- 
merous dealers and manufacturers in Russia — 
that this calamity, howctcr. did n<it lcs}en the 
friendly relations held by Riii*sia towards the 
government of the United Sutea, and that her 
positJoo was the most honorable and satiAfado- 
fj. He investigated the local policy of the gov. 
eroment — its liberal oourao to elevate and im 
prov« her people— licr endowment of schools. 

ncilleget and aoieatlfio inititutiont— ber new 

wytima of Jurisprudence and trial by Jury — ^her 

•yitom of mil- roads and internal improromeoti 

clierished on^ ; and in bis corrcsjtondence 
with his family he always sofmed to study 
how be could make them mo^t happy by bii 
encouraging words and material aid. He de- 
tailed to tlicm the roinmiffi of his domestic 
arrangements at Revel — the names and po^i* 
tions of his new friends and acquaintancefl, 
and bis social intercourse with them, and the 
incidents of interest attending his excur^ioo' 
— whether for buKiness or recreation— which 
he took into the country, and upon theisl- 
ands and shores of the Baltic sea ; and is 

• Sm Commercial RalaUons, 1862, Senate IhicttmMl. 

I ^^ Sp*P%« 



tli«Me cominuDicatioDt he never failed to tend 
home his heart-felt affection for his family. 

During his staj in Revel Mr. Stacy was met 
by the iDost generous hospitality and consider- 
ation by the noUeste, and oihcni who became 
hi.4 araociates ; soiue of whom resided in the 
city, and oth«rs 0]>on their et^tates in the 
country. They one and all tevnied to strive 
with each other to st-e who should give hiui 
the most attention ; bt-ing evidently intere>t- 
ed and moved by his fine fOt-ial qualiiic^, and 
hi;* marked good hnmor and intelligence, a? 
well as by hi;i po-iition. As evidence of lhi.«, 
on fre^juent ocra&ions he s]>€nt a month or 
more at Count Houxhondeu's, who lives on 
hi"' fstate at Tatkembcck, some two days drive- 
out from Revel. He enjoyed life there, and 
rtcounU many amusing adventures, while out 
aj>on his 9]iortiug and geological excursions ; 
hi-» lucky escape from wolves, and ride acro.NS 
a iK-ep creek on a peasant woman's shoulders, 
wore related by him at length in a style of 
g«»od humor chararieristic of him: but the 
limit of this article will not allow his pleasant 
ver!«ion of lho.<e perilous incidenta to be trans- 
ferred here. 

The Count and Countess were both persons 
of iutelligence, and the mo-^t gcnerons hospi- 
tality — had a largo estate and palatial esLib- 
li^lllIle^t — a fine library, gardens, and an ex- 
tfeiT^ive agriculture ; and they did every thing 
to make him enjoy the visit. This, among 
numerous other experiences of a like charac- 
ter, made his >iay at Revel far more agreea- 
ble for him than it would otherwi^e have 

He was enthusiastic in collecting fossils and 
otlit r gfolo^ical specimens, which that section 
ri< lily afforded, and for this p\uiK>se extended 
b:^ explorations on several occasions, even to 
th^ islands in the Baltic, and once to the 
co.i«:t of Finland. He visited the inland of 
I>'g,o, and tkUo of Orsel, spending two weeks 
on ilie latter, and finding many things to in- 
t<rc>t him there besides its geology. 

Mr. Stacy, by his well-known habits and 
tu»tes, not only «njoyed these excursions, but 
carried out a he had in view of col- 
lecting a valuable cabinet of geological spec- 
imens and minerals, from that interesting sec- 
tion. He, however, in doing this, excited 
attention and remark from the people : they 
generally looked upon him, as be went about 
hammering the rocks, and carrying bits of 
•tone in his pocket, m a fool or crazy man ; 

while, oa the other band, tome bad t^e im- 
pression that he was a man of acienca : and 
he remarked, ** as there is no one here capa- 
ble of deciding that point, I do not go out of 
my way to undeceive them.** How much it 
is to be regretted that this cabinet of'tpeci- 
inens from the shores of the Baltic, for tha 
collection of which Mr. Stacy had taken such 
unwearied pains, and on which he placed a 
high value, should, from the sad termination 
of hi.« scientific labors, still remain in Ruuia. 
As a specimen of the fine style of writing, 
as well as the tender sympathies of Mr. Stacy 
for suffering humanity, the following touching 
incident, which he relates in one of his lettera 
home, will be read with interests He had, by 
request of the }>arents, stood as god-father at 
the christening of a child, in obedience to 
custom in Russia As sponsor for the little 
one he felt a special interest for it, and on 
occasion of its sickness and death, he writes 
to his daughter, Jennie, the following beauti- 
ful lines : 

** I thank you for the interest tou have 
taken in my little god-daughter, and now yon 
luu^t syioj^athize with me in my affliction, for 
we buried her last week. I send you a lock 
of her hair, which you may invest with all the 
interest that can attach to a hrrvcl sister, and 
a in^xb'l child — alike charming in life and 
l>euutiful in death. In accordance with the 
custom in Russia, as god- father, I furnbthod 
the coffin and the god -mother a wreath of 
fluwers to de*-orate it. The inside was lincrd 
with while cambric, and the outside profu.<ely 
decorated with tassels and festoons of white 
ribbon, and the central portion, girt about 
with a band of gold fringe about an inch 
wide, while a wreath of flowers encircles it. 
As a whole and in its parts, it was a tliins 
of beauty, that struck the eye gratefully, and 
left a favorable improshion. And when one 
sees itA little tenant tastefully dressed and 
adorned, resting gracefully and naturally 
uf*on ita pillow of silk and bed of down, 
smiling sweetly in unison with its surround- 
ings one cannot resist the conviction that 
there is fitness also — that the casket is but 
worthy of the gem ; and that though even 
from such a scene the parent must turn away 
sorrowing, it is yet«with subdued grieC and a 
last, loving, pleasant remembrance, which it 
is grateful to treasure up. I confeeA that in 
thus i.arting with my little ^refr^r^ — whom I 
was learning to love, even at one of you, mr 
children — I have achieved a new triumph 
over the grave. The service being ended, we 
turned away sorrowing, and yet satisfied: 
grateful that she had lived thus long, and 
thankful that the slept to welL** 

But time passed on, and Mr. Stacy begaa 
to feel reetlest and weary of bit long abeonct 



.- t 

t . ' 



I , 

• I 


' i 



! 1 



from home, lie, notwitbitUDdiog the many 
kiod friends be had in RuMia, began to look 
forward to the time when he could return. — 
It had now been about aeven jean since be 
took up hi^ abode at Revel, and the country 
At home, had, in tlie meantime, undergone 
many change*, and amumed a new |-*o»ition in 
the hiytory of nationa, that from a foreign 
stand]'oint presented new features of power 
*nd grandeur; and when ho turned his face 
homeward and beheld bis country and her 
free institutions rising up before him with re- 
newed strength and beauty, he felt like flying 
there, and sharing with his countr^'men in 
their <»zultation. lie had, moreover, been so 
long away from the objects of his love and 
aflertion, a longer separation from them i^eem- 
ed to him beyond his reasonable permi^ion. 
In writing to his family he says, ** As to me. 
I can say that home and frien<J(( grow dearer 
every day I live : and sometimes when J 
think of you, and the many intoxicating as- 
sociations I am ever clustering around you, 
niy hfart grows liquid, and it seems to me 
that I cannot, should not, endure and inflict 
upon my dear family a longer separation." 

In obe.licnce to the«e views, he obtained 
Icavo of abs<'nce, and relumed to Burlington. 
in Xoveinb^-r, l.^OS, and in a mnui happy 
mood once more met his family and friends. 
He sy»ent the winter at home, arranging his 
bni«iness affairs and enjoying his old friends ; 
and in May following set out on his return to 
Revel. Under the new administration, in the 
change that took plac*; in the diplomatic corps, 
a new Consul was ap|»oiuted to Revel, and Mr. 
Stacy*t return was for the purpose of closing 
op his private affairs and the business of the 
Con!>ulate as speedily as possible, and return- 
ing home. He sailed from New York May 4. 
lSGf>, wrote a few lines to his family announc- 
ing his departure: and this brief notice proved 
to be the la<t communication from him. under 
his own hand, that he was permitted to send 

It appears that he took passage in the steam- 
er Germania direct for Hamburgh, and that 
the crowded condition of the steamer was such, 
that he had an uncomfortable passage, and 
arrived at Hamburgh about May 15th. He 
was detained here nine days waiting for a 
passage, an«l arrived at Revel on Sunday, 
May 27th, and was unwell from the effects of 
a hard cold and from the fatigue of his pas* 
lage, on bia arriral ; but kept about for seve- 

ral days, and one day felt so well as to makt 
a turn in the fields in search of fossils. The 
neit evening. June 9th, he received company, 
and a lady of the house says, ** he came into 
the parlor and seemed in very good spirits.-^ 
He brought the autumn leaves and other cu- 
riosities he had from America to show, and 
our friends seemed very much interested in 
them. Mr. Stacy himself was ao interesting 
that evening, he was so talkative and elo- 
quent, • he seemed quite inspired ; so that 
everybody found he was the most charminj{ 
old man they ever had known.'* 

That same evening about 9 o*clock, he waa 
suddenly attacked, aa it would teem, by a 
flight paralysis, was unable to stand upon 
his feet, and thereupon took his bed. Tliese 
symptoms were followed by a fever and in- 
flammation of the lungs, and for six or eight 
days the fever continued to increase. He com- 
plained of no acute pain, but began to com- 
plain of faintne&s and weariness; and at 
length became delirious. His physician was 
Very attentive, and his friends were constant 
in their attentions to him and nursed him with 
the utmost anxiety and solicitude; and his 
nurse, Mrs. Silfoersoan, had his entire confi- 
dence, and never left him day or night. In- 
deed, it seems that he had every care that he 
could have under any circumstances; but his 
time had come. After a sickness of nine days 
only, on the morning of June 18th. (Friday) 
the cold sweat stood upon his face, the fever 
had left him, and the chilly hand was laid 
upon his extremities. Medicine ceased to 
have its effect, and he awoke to a full sense 
of his approaching di««olution. He was calm, 
re:<igned and peaceful ; gave direction as to 
his effoctJ', and the disposition of his body, 
which he dci>ired to be returned to his home 
and buried there. In the meantime his faint- 
ness continued to increase, and for a while he 
became unable to speak but faintly. It 
now 3] o'clock P. M., and seeing that his Ia.«t 
moments were upon him, in the presence of 
the Vice Consul, Mr. Mayer, Mrs. Talesky and 
Mrs. Silfot'r.'^oan, he clasped his hands, and 
with a firm voice invoked a blessing upon his 
family, and passed away. 

The sad news of the death of Mr. Stacy 
came upon his family with crushing effect: 
and indeed for a time it was quite insupf port- 
able. The beloved father an^ husband, the 
one in whom their hopes and joys centered, 
and their household divinity whom they ever 

( I 



wor»hip^, btring Uiui to suddeoly and qd«z* 
t^tedly Ukea from tbem, repaired a higher 
thnn human reason to calmly withstand tb« 
nhook. The sad intelligence came through the 
St.ite dopartroent, covering a letter from the 
Americnn Minister at St. Peteniburgh, Hon. 
CAfsiuft M. Clay, who had received a t4'legrai>b- 
ic dispatch from the Vice Consul at Revel, an- 
nouncing the death of Mr. Stacy on that day, 
of in6itinmation of the lungs. Ilif body was 
iriicved in a strong oak coffin lined with tine, 
to await its trinsmi^f^ion home ; and was es- 
corted by a numerous funeral proctM^ion to 
the cemetery, and deposited in the chapel of 
Mr. Mayer, the Vice Consul, at a temporary 
re-tiogplace, until forwarded to the place of 
itji fioal interment, in bis own native land. 

In totimony that Mr. Stacy was a patriot- 
ic and faithful public officer, no better evi- 
dence tlian the following correspondence need 
be adduced: 

'* United States Con^tulate, Revel, ) 

Nov. 20. 1&69. 1 

Sir. — ^ am happy to say that I found all 
the property of the Consulate in very good 
order, as the late Consul, Mr. Stacy, was a 
very methodical man, and seems to have 
been much esteemed bera. 

I det m it my duty also to state, that the 
Vice Consul. Mr. Mayer, is a very estimable 
and excellent man, and has. given himself 
much care and trouble with regard to the fu- 
neral and estate of the late Mr. Stacy. 
I am, sir, ^., Ae. 


•• Department of State-- \ 
Wa5hin;;ton, Dec. 14. li>C9. j 

Jfodam — I take pleasure in enclosing here- 
with for your perusal, an extract from a re- 
c'Dt despatch from our Consul, at Revel, 
Huveia, in which complimentary testimony is 
\>>:uv to the official conduct of your late bus- 
iani, and the estimation in which he wa^^ 
I'M At Revel, and also to the careful atten- 
tion* j..iid to bis remains by Mr. Mayer, the 
Vice Consul. I am. madam, yoor obedient 
i^rvant. J. C. B. Davis, 

Assi«tant S<-cretary.'* 

Mrs. H. B. Stacy, Burlington, Vt. 

utT or Towy EcpimiBKTAnTEa. 
Kzra Goodell, 1798, •PO; ThomaN a Palna, 
1^00; Ktra Ooodell, 1801 ; Tboroaa 8. Pain*, 
1SU2; John 8ta(7, 1803, HM; David Rialiif, 

1805; John Stacy, 1806— *09; Timothy Tbun- 
tin 1810, *11; Luther Carpenter, 1812—14; 
Eliplialet M. BiO, 1816; Tbaddena Oapp^ 
1816, *17; Lotber Carpenter, 1818^*20; l^ 
vid XelaoQ, 1821; Luther Carpenter, 1822— *2t; 
Nathan l^oiier. 1S29 ; Lotlier 8. Bumbam, 1830; 
Nathan Foaier, 1831, '32; Lutlicr S Bumltam, 
lS33-'35; Luther Carpenter, 1836; Looia F^ 
Peabody. 1837 ; Carlwi Carpenter, 1838 ; Louis 
F. Peabody, 1839; Carlot Carpotiter, 1840; 
Horace Fiaeld, 1841 ; Carlot Caqientar, 1842; 
Timothy Tlancock, 1843, *44; Artemaa Iloogb- 
ton, 1645, *46; David Uolbrook. 1847, *4a; 
none, 1649 ; Orang« FiOeld, 1850. *51 ; Willit 
Lane, 1852. 63; Daniel ttowe, 1854; Katlian 
a CuUer, 1855. *56; Jacob Cutler, 1357; Ar- 
temas Hougbtoo, 1858; Jacob Cutkr, 1859; 
Rautom Dickey, 18C0, *61 ; Rodooy E. Patter- 
son, 1802, '63 ; Erastua 0. Camp, 1864. '^ 
Edwin O. Peake, 1866. *67; Lyman Jadnoo, 

▲ U8T or XEX wao tcrxed out at the ixta« 


died b New York. 

Attica. N. Y. 
Croydon, N. H. 

1 N. H. 

NaperaviUe, IlL 
Washington, Yt 












Oranga, Vt 

41 4« 

David Risings 
Jaince Baldwin, 
John H. Thortion, 
Bei^. Barton, 
Xatljm Jonea, Jr., 
Joaatban Emery. 
Bei\j. Waterman, 
John H. Beard, 
Lemuel Foster, 
Luther Carpenter, 
David Nelson, 
Absalom Strong, 
Nathaniel Richardaoo, 
Robert Richardaoo, 
Joel Bardett^ 

Many of the above obtained bonnty land 
under the Act of Congress of March, 1855. 

There ii no list of the aoldien of 1812. in 
town, and but one or two who are known to 
be alive at the present time. Rtiti8(»m Curtis ia 
tiie only one uow living in town. &» fiir aa caa 
be recolU'Cted, John Stacy, Jr., Clurlea II. Sta- 
cy, Kliaa Hurd. Sampson Thnr^in, Natlianiel 
RidiardKon, Nathan Jone^ Jr.. William Tbura. 
tin, Levi Sargent, Alexander Churcli, (who wat 
also a' Rov(4utionary aoldier,) wer| aoldier^ 
with many others, from this town. 








* I 

# ■ 


4 > 

1 1 


■ . 



1 J 







or 1861. 


Andrut L«wm, 

2d Battery. 



Br»8 D. Beede, 

11th Regiment 






Clark J. Beed«, 

9th " 



5- 1 

Bamoel 0. BrtuJbar}, 

4th •• 



■ t 

Alvah Buic1»e6, 

5th ** 




Siiae4»o Clitford, 

8d ** 


Died in service. 


O. W. Coleiimn, 

9th " 




PhiUniler Culetnan, 

9tb ** 





6th ** 



Lyniao Dant, 

8th ** 


Die<1 at Svw Orleans. 


' 4 

Lake A. Flatidera, 

2d " 


Died in service. 


]^>yal 0. Flanders, 

2d " 




^Villiara W.Godfrey, 

0th «' 


Killed at Lee's Mills. 

Charles. Goo<1rich, 

4th •• 




Henry H. Harris, 

2d ** 


Lo^t right arm— discharged 


Albert P. Jackson, 

9th " 




G. W. Kenney, 

Cih ** 


TrauAf d to invalid corps. 

Dexur v. LHrkiii^ 

2d Battery. 


George W. I^rkin, 

Ist ♦» 


David D. Minnrd, 

9th Regiment 



Fra!ikliri Miuard. 
George B. Minard, 



Killed at Fredericksburg. 

9th ." 


Died in service. 

Alonzo K. Nelson« 

8th ** 




^ John L. PaturMin, 

11th •» 


Died of wounds. 

Harry Peuke, 

9th *• 



Darid R. Piatt, 

1st Battery. 




Horatio G. Platt» 

2d Regiment 


Died at Sem'y Hospital. 


W. H. Snrazin, 

1st Battery. 


J(»seph R. Smith, 

11th Regiment 



8i»ear§ J. Titus, 

6th ** 



Henry Waterman, 

6th ** 


i>ied at Fortress Monroe. 

Walter Waterman, 

Clh ** 



Truman J. Wat^frman, 

1st Battery. 


Ephruiin Webster, 

8th Regiment 


Died in service. 

Addifon Whitconib, 

6lh «» 


Killed at Chnriestown, Vt 

Asa Whitcomh, 

6th ** 


Killed at Wilderness. 

Emery H. Whit comb. 

6th •* 


1 >ischarged. 

Andrew H. Butler, 




Orjn Dickey, 

9tb ** 


Died in service 

Sargent K. Emerson, 

17tb »* 



Henry M. F4»j*ier, 

9th •• 



Elisha G(N)drich, 

3d Batterr. 


Charles Huntington, 

9th Regiment 


. Died in service. 

Albert Kellogg, 

17th ** 



EWr K. Marshall, 

9th »* 



Charies IJ. Perry, 

8th •* 



Jonathan T. Simpson, 

2d Sharp Shooters H. 


William Smith, 

9th Regiment 



Sime<»n C. Strong, 

9th •* 




Asa Thompson, 

8Ui ,** 


Died of wounds. 



John Avenr, 

9tli Regiment 



John 0. lieed^ 




Almon Clement, 

9th ** 




Charies ^. Urkin, 

l?«t Cavalry. 



George Poako, 

1st •* 



John Peake. 2d, 

1st •• 




Orin R. Andrews, 

12tb Regiment D. 



Cliartes Bugbee, 

15ih *• • 


Died in serrSoe. 

A. If. Clement, 

16th •* 



M. B. Cnrtia, 

12tb •* 



Jereb HotohlntODi Jr., 

IStli «* 



» , 

> • *.' 

4 * 




■ ■ ^ ■ 

15Ui Regiment D. l>i!icharg«d. 

12th •* D. DiHjhwied, 

15th " D. Discharged. 

12 th "^ D. Discliargad. 

12tb ** D. Dim^Iiarged. 


5th Kogiitient 6. Discbtrged. 

6th "« F. Discharged. 

During the laat 2 years of the war, the Xown paid brge boiintioa — io some cases more thas 
$C00, which leaves the town involved in a large debt, compared with the grand-list 

£. H. John§oD» 
K. P. Lord, 
Joseph H. Pain«, 
Marcus M. Peabodj^ 
Jofeph F. Thuntoo, 


John L. Sin)p9i>D, 
John A. Woodward, 


[ (^mpiled from our own antiquarinn pa* 
|<r<. and papcra hy our request ooninhulod 
anl >• ul directly to u? Wfore ihe roceij»t of Uio 
].a|'< r:« fiom Mr. Nulling, following. — £d ] 

BT ». P. f HOMPtOli. 

The chiof glory ^f Vermont consists in her 
peculiarly Agricultural character. And a 
lown, therefore, which stands preeminent in 
ler clii>llDguiiihing characteristic, mu^t ever 
jre'tnt a subject of much hiMoric intert^t 
act] iiu}»ortauce. Such a town U Randolph, 
which for its unutiual proportion of arable 
lau'l, the fertility of it^ soil and the lingular 
biMuiy of iu locjition, has jusily boon conHJd- 
ert<i the model farmiTlTg town of the State. 
It lu^ io 4(i^ 5G' N. lat., and but a few miles 
norili of the geograpliical center of the State 
and is traversed north and pouth by the three 
grtal thoroughfares of travel from White 
Kiv«T to Montpelier, the three diverging at 
that river from the great Boston route up 
W'hiiv Ilivor Valley, one running along the 
(•.a^t# rn border of the town, one through the 
ctnttr, and one along tlie western border, 
SQ<i all concentering at Montpehertobethere 
tn^^^• d into one and so ]>sss down the valley 
of :h<- \Vinoo.4ki to Lake Champlain. About 
four tifihf of the township is situated directly 
U:\vt-«.n the second and tJiird branches of 
WLi!e River, which beautiful streams run 
parallel and in nearly straight lines, north 
and pouth, through the whole length of the 
town -hip. Tliese, with tlitir brooklet tribu- 
tari«-s, and the le^^r intermediate stream of 
Ayer's Brook, water the townbhip, funiish it 
^ith water-ffower and agreeably divtrMfy 
it* surface with sparkling streams and pleas- 
ant meadows. 

from the banks of both the eastern and 
v««tern branches, just named as embracing 
the great body of the township between them. 
^e luDd rises with gentle and almost uniform 

acclivity to the broad plateau, forming the 
central elevation of the town, the |i;Tadnal 
ascents on both sides attaining to a height 
of rome 400 (eel above the beds of the streams 
from which they commenced, ^'e have 
called the ascent from the^e op[»osite streams 
uniform and of the rame height ; and in their 
general features, they are so. But the eas- 
tern slo]>e is more acclivous than the western, 
and thn ascent higher, the bed of second or 
East Branch, being conj^idernbly lower than 
that of the third, or WVgt Branch. This cen- 
tral platform extends north and south through 
the whole town, and, with its slopes gradu> 
ally falling away on either side, cottrtitutet 
one of the mof>t extensive and beautiful swells 
of land to be found in this or any other conn- 
' try. And, as if to bring beauty and utility 
into their mont perfect combination, arisM th« 
remarkable fact that over tlie whole swell, 
comprising about 20,000 acres of land, ther« 
is not a single acre which may not be easily 
cultivated by the plough and harrow, while 
there is no part of Vermont where roor« 
abundant cro{>s of all kinds are found, to re- 
ward the cultivator for his labon. 

The geological formation of this township 
is, with.singular nniformity, composed of mi- 
caceotis rlate, occa}<ionally intermingled with 
limestone. And it l«t from the crumbling and 
trituration of the^e materials under action of 
the elements through unknown ages that the 
soil of this town is furnished. And surely 
there can be no better materials; for of such 
the most productive I'oils in Vermont, whidi 
may^onbtless justly boast of a richer soil thaa 
tliat of any other of the New England States, 
are very generally composed. And it is this 
kind of soil that so peculiarly distinguishes 
Vermont from the other States of New Eng- 
land. It is this that generally composes the 
sides and tops of her Green Mountains, and 
makes them, in contradistinction to the noni- 
tains of other Sutes, arable for grains, or si 


^ * '. 

^ * 



T. -■ 

I -• * 

t- •• - 


t . 

* *. - 
i_ — k' 




• > 

I- .' 


1 1 

•f ! 






leaf*i prodoctive of ibe best of grasses to th«ir on the higher grounds. As the event proved, 
Tery fcummits — * charmcteristic which may i however, in clearing up the whole country, 
well make the Vermonter turn with pride the settlers greatly underrated the value and 
Mid gratification from the hard, rock-bound feasibility of the low lands. For wlien the 
granite soils, and rough, jagged, bald and sun was once let in, these dark ma.<«es of 

•terile mountains of New Hampshire, to those 
of the fertile, feasible aud productive valleys 
and pleasant green hills of his own favored 

The soil over the whole of the noble swell 
of land which we have described as compos- 
ing the great body of the township, is, as 
already intimated, through its whole extent, 
with singular uniformity, of an excellent 
quality. It appears to have been naturally 
•o, and what makes thai strength of soil the 
more remarkable, is the fact, that from the 
shape and locality of this swell, it could have 
received no additional ingredienU of strength 
from the wash or alluvial de)>o»its from moun- 
tains. The soils of other localities have often, 
doubtless, been thus enriclicd. But the soil 
of this township must owe all its goodnefs to 
the native or original ingredients of which it 
was from the fiivt composed. 

The forest trees of this town, except along 
the streams, were almost entirely of a decid- 
uous character, or what is usually called of 
the bard wood kind, tlie sugar maple predom- 
inating, but largely intermingled with beech, 
birch and other kinds of leaf-shedding trees. 
In a state of nature, with the little underbrush 
usually to be found in this kind of forest, and 
consequently with the open and light appear- 
ance which would be thus imparted to it, this 
must have been one of the most splendid and 
inviting pieces of forest land in the world. 

In great contrast to this extensive open 
forest land, was the tangled wilds that over- 
spread the valleys of the streams. There 
every thing looked dark and peculiarly for- 
bidding. There the evergreens of black tim- 
ber, such as hemlock, spruce and fir pre- 
vailed, and were thickly intermingled with 
birch, ash and elm; while a heavy and 
fdmost impervious growth of all sorts of 
onderbrush gave the whole the appearance 


forest and the roots and stumps were rotted, 
these lowlands made beautiful, easy -wrought 
and productive meadows. 

It now sc-ems a singular fact that the first 
settlers of this Stute should have so generally 
pitched on the highest plains and plati^aus 
of their rcf!]>ective towns, miles from any wa- 
ter- power for their villages which they evi- 
dently sup]»osed must become centres of pop- 
ulation and seats of public business. But 
they were doomed to.difa]i|>ointment. A few 
of these upland villages, like Randolph Cen- 
tre, Peacham and Danville have ma<ie shift to 
retain there the locations of meeting-houses 
and academies, but that seems to have been 
about all. Their populations have been sta- 
tionary or decreasing, while their business has 
nearly all gone down to the banks of tbe near- 
est rivers, where thriving villages have sprung 
up. all seeming to begin alike and grow by 
the same natural process. In the fir.-t place 
A grist-mill and sawmill were fouud to be 
matters of indispens^able necessity. These of 
themselves became unavoidably places of re- 
sort and most favorable for seeing people 
from all other parts of the town. Hence soon 
followed the shoemaker, blacksmith, and 
soon the tavern-keeper and the merchant 
And tlie nucleusof a village being thus formed, 
the place at once began to draw away the 
population of the hill village and grow to an 
important place of business. Such has proved 
so often the case that it may now be consid- 
ered a settled matter that no village can long 
sustain itself or, at least, become a place of 
much importance, located far aloof from s 
good water-fK)wer. • 

/ This miscalculation of the early settlers un- 
doubtedly arose from the inviting appearsncs 
of the uplands and the strong contrast seen 
in the forbidding ap]>earance of the low- 
lands. The mistake seems to have been quits 

of a black, gloomy and impassable mass of j general. Indeed we do not now recall hot 
woods. And besides this, these tangled for- 1 one very marked exception, and that is in* 

rts were found, when Isnd-lookers or others 
saoc«eded in (penetrating them, to be often 
to wet and swampy as to deter most eroi 
grants from any attempt to clear them up 
lor settlement Wliat wonder then that they 

•0 generally prefsrred to make drier pitches ] he bad selected, all settled on the beauti/ol 

volved in the settlement of Montpelier village. 
Col. Davis, the first settler, while his relatives 
and fri<>nds warned him of what they esteem- 
ed the folly of making his pitch in thst 
swan py, wet, dark and tangled place, which 

ft , 



u]'UDd» near MoDtpelier Centre. Bot the ' ley. They were mo«tly formed by eddiet, 
ColoDel pervifted in hie choice, and the repoH doubtlest, though Minetimee. perhepe, by th« 

sudden giving way of high barriert in the 
Ktream below, which as suddenly caused ft 
considerable fall in the water, leaving the 
former shore bare ; and in every instance they 
indubitably mark the former surface level of 
the water, which for thousands of years baa 
been cutting through its mountain, barriers 
aud been draining down to running streams 
what was once probably a succession of moun* . 
tain lakes. There may also have been other 
causes which have operated to effect great 
changes in these valleys. 

Professor Hitchcock, in bis report of thf 
Geological survey of Vermont, advances th« 
startling theory that the valleys of many of 
oar streams must once have been filled with 
glaciers, or vast bodies of ice, which remained 
{•ermanent and unroelted through the year, 
during some long unknown period of time. 
The evidence of tliese glaciers in the valleys 
of the streams among the Green Mountains 
he findH in what is called moraines, or longi- 
tudinal dcf»osit«< of detritus or finely broken or 
di>integratcd rocks, which are strown along 
the bases or edges of glaciers. These moraines 
hiding always found accompanying glacier 
action among the Alps and other glacier 
countries, ho deems their existence here proof 
that glaciers once had an existence here ; and 
besides moraines, there are other mark« by 
which glacier action is betrayed; and that is 
what is called stride, running in the line of 
the stream, or small channels grooved in the 
rocks, formed by stones froxen into ice, in the 
movement of the glacier dow^the valley. 
The evidence of the glaciers of which wt 
have been speaking, are found in the valleys of 
the rivers in Mai^achu^etts flowing from tbf 
Houthern ]>art of the Green Mountains, in 
West field river valley. Quechee valley above 
Woo<l8tock, in Middlebury river valley in 
T^ij>ton, and in the valleys of both branchea 
of White river, one in Stockbridge and 
PiOrher'ter, and one from Hancock, and also 
Granville near the sources of the third 

haA been that some of the settlers of the Cen- 
tre, which was to be the largest village in the 
town, lived to see Montpelier village num- 
bfTing as many thousand inhabitants as their 
favorite Centre ever numbered hundreds. 

The geological formation of the valleys 
through which flow the two principal streams 
in tliis town, exhibits, like most other valleys 
of the kind in Vermont, evidence of the won- 
derful changes that have been gradually go- 
iug on in the long lapse of the uncounted 
yoars of the past. Here on one side of tlie 
valley, we may find evident traces of the for- 
mer bed of the stream, while the same stream 
15 {'crliaps now coursing along under the hills 
on the oppoiiite side of the valley, more than 
ICXl ro'is distant, having changed its bed by 
yc.irly cutting away its banks on one side, 
snd yearly accretions on the other. The time 
ri quired for this change allowing the prog- 
n->ii to have been one foot a year, would he 
U*(X) years. And no one can tell but the 
ftrt-am had in the same manner changed its 
bci from side to side a half dozen times be- 
fore. Indeed it would seem certain that this 
is. at least, sometimes the ca^e. For we often 
find the stream in its excavations on one side 
bring to view logs or the remains of trees 
xrhich mu«t have filled fonie former channel. 
A few years ago, the third or western branch. 
^riiliin the borders of the adjoining town of 
Bvthel, in wearing into one of its banks laid 
bare fcveral large trees lying horizontally 
prostrate as low as the bottom of the stream, 
and home yard» below the surface of the earth 
or the general level of the land along the top 
of the bank above. The great depth in wliich 
thf'<e ancient trees were found buried, shows 
not only the great length of time they had 
lain there, but clearly illustrates the immense 
changes that have taken place in the valley 
of the stream ; and yet this i<t but one instance 
among the scores that can be found in diSfcr- 
tnt parts of the valley. 

Here also are to be seen the natural terraces 
or fhelfs of land frequently to be seen along 
the sides of the hills. These sometimes stand 
singly, and sometimes there are severM, one 
fiiing above the other, aJs perfect in appear- 
>QCQ as the terraces or offsets made sometimes 
m house-yards or gardens. These often have 
their counterparta on exactly the same levels 


b.*-anch running through Randolph. All this, 
at first tliought, seems incredible. Indeed 
we can scarcely realize that any of our 
.deep mountain valleys were ever filled with 
solid ice from 100 to 200 or 300 feet deep, to 
remain through the Summers and the year 
round from year to year, without any avtr* 
on the slo}>es oo th« opposite sidt of tbt val- 1 age diminution. To suppose this to bo irao^ 



^ . * . • - 




* • 

I* . 

i * • . 

f \ 

I \. 

* • - 

> ■ .it 

i y i- 

t ) 



. ! 

we most unppoM * change of cliumU here, of 
irbicb we can scarcely conceive. Vermont 
hi that time UQ«t have had the climate now 
found in the furthest known land in the Arc- 
tic zone. But we know that equal changes 
have occurred. The fossil hones of the ele- 
phant found in Greenland show that that 
couuUy had once a tropical climate, as ours 
had probahljT at the fame time, as may he 
inferred from the elephant bones found on 
Ml. Holly. From that time must have begun 
a change to cold, which in the course of Fomo 
long ]»eriod, brought bulb the North'.'rn re- 
gions and our own country to an Arctic cli- 
mate and then, after another lapi«e of time, 
commenced another change to a warmer cli- 
mate which may have reached the warmf^t 
point about the l>e^inningof t!:e pre:<eDt cen- 
tury. For from the discoveries of the recent 
Arctic voyages that the severity of the Win- 
ters is increasing at the North, with other 
indications seen in our own lower Intitudcs, 
there is reason to fenr we are again verging 
towards an Arctic climate which in time mav 
make New England as inho.«pitable as is now 
Nova Zembla. 


[From Thoini^'on's Ga7.»*ttecr ; New Ilamp- 
fhire i?tate TajHirs, contributed by \V. r. 
Goodwin, CaptC. S. A.; Vu Slate Papen;, vie] 

The situation of this township — in the wes- 
terly i»art of Orange County, lat 4:J°, 50', 
long. 40*. 25'; 23 miles S. from Montpelier, 
and 34 N. W. from Wind>or ; bouufk-d N. bv 
Brookfield, E. by Tunbrid^e, S. by IWihel. 
V/. by BraintrfO ; arta 2S,9.*>«i acres. 

Thi* town>bip hx« bt«n twice chartered, — 
first by Gov. AVentworih of New Hamii^hire, 
by tlie name of Middlo-ex; seconiily by 
Vfrmont, under the name of Randolph. 

3CEW ll.\lIl»:Jini:E CHARTER. 


V*y \hv (h:.\ce of Gi>i» of Gt*a{ 

Itrit.iin Fimjj.m- mu\ InOaivi Kin«j. 

[L. S.] lVi«n.hT of t'l,. Fni:^. »^c. To a l 

lVn«<»n>«. \o \\] «»in tlifsse Pp^m !ji«» 

shall loiii". (ir«rtjij^. 

Kn<»w yo ll'ai \V«'. ol" ••ijr ^)••-••lHl Ora«-e. 

Certiin Kn«»wK- '•;.•. , au>l in. . r Moti«»n. fi»r the 

du** Kn< «»nr;ii:«-iM«Mii <»t" -••uliti^ a N«'W I'lan- 

tation wniiin t»ur hHid l'iov.ii«->«. by nn*! with 

tl»«* adviCt' of i»u: irii^lv ar.d Wiil hi'loVfU 

BlNMNO \V>MUOHII| l.-tjf., (»ur CioVtTIIOr 

and Ooniinand«T HI oi uMoi Oufhnid Provnut* 
of Nnw llAiirs«iiiKK. m NfW Knghmd and 
of our CovKciL uf the said Pruviuct*, Have, 

upon the Conditions and Reservations herein- 
alter made, given and granted and, by these 
PreH'nts, for us, our Heirs and Sncessors, do 

f;ive and ^rant, in ecjual Shares, unto Oni 
oving ^u!*jects, Inhabitants of Our said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire and Our other Gov- 
ernments and to tlieir Heirs and As«igns for 
ever. who.«e Names are entered on this Grant, 
to be dividtrd to and amonc«t them into S«;v* 
enty one equal shares, all tTiat Tract or Panel 
of Land Fitu^te, Iving and being within our 
said Province of Sew llainj^hire, containing 
by Adroeasuroment, 23.010 Acres, which tract 
i.<* to contain ^ix Mile^ t-quare and no more; 
out of which an Allowance is to be made for 
High Ways and unimprovable land)* by 
Rocks, Ponds, Mountains and Rivers, — One 
Thousand and Forty Acres free according to 
a plan and ^^urvey tliert-of made by Our »-aid 
Governor's order and rt turned into the Sec- 
rttarv's Office and hereunto annexed, buiti*d 
and lK>undfd as follows, viz. Bi-ginning at 
the ii^oiuhfrly or Jnunh Ea!«terly cornt^r of 
Waierbury on the Northerly side of Onion or 
French River (^o calhd) from thence Runing 
Easterly up faid Rivvrs bounding on the 
same 80 far as to make it 2^ix Miles on a 
Fireighl line allowing the fame to be Perpen- 
dicular with the Ea>ierly Line of said Water- 
bury J?ix Miles from thence Westerly about 
Six'MiU-s to the North Eaflerly Comer of 
faid Watt-rbury from thence S<»ulherly bv ilie 
E:4.<terly line of said Waterbury ^ix Slilei 
to the pltice beaun at 

And that the fame be and hereby if In- 
corporat«*d into a Township by the name of 
Middlesex. And the Inhabitants that do or 
shall hereafter inhabit the t-aid Townsliij> are 
hert'by declared to be Enfranchised with an! 
lutiticd to all and every the Privileges and 
lunnunities that other Towns within our 
l*rovince by Law Excrcife and Enjoy; .And 
further that tlie faid Town as foon as tl.«-re 
^)»aU be Fiftv Familief, resident and fit t ltd 
thereon fhalf have the Liberty of holding 
Two Iain one of which shall l>u held on li.e 

And the other en 
the annually, which Fairs are 

not to continue longer than the ref]>ei'tivs 
following the said 
and that a« soon a.- tliv said Town shall con- 
^i-^l of 1-ifly Faniili<"! a Market may be oj •n- 
• d ttiid kej.t one or more l)ays in each Week, 
a> ui.iy !»»• ihor.giit u»o-t advantagiH>us to ihe'. .A No that the first meeting I'-r 
the choice of Towu < 'tliccrs, agreeable to the 
Law> Ol uur said Province, hhall be held on 
the -'.Hh day of July next wliich faid 
.•"hull be Ni'iitied by Captain Isaac Wot>dru3 
w}.o i< li«rthy al>o appointed the Modenttor 
of the said first Meeting, which he if to >i('ti- 
fy and Govern agreeahle to the Laws and 
i'u>tomK of our said Province; and that the 
annual Meeting for ever hereafter for \h« 
Choice of such Uflicers for the said Town.'h«il 
be ("U the Second Tuenlav Ol Mf'rch annu;t!iy, 
To Have and to Hold the t>aid Tract of LnJ 
as above expre^sed, together with all Invi- 

1 I • 

r k 

• « 



hf^vs and Apf>urUnmDc«f, to them and their 
^^{•♦•ctive lieirt and A^fi^ni for ever, opon 
tbe following coDditioDt, vil 

I. every Grantee, hit Ilein or As- 
figiis, fhall plant and cultivate five Acrc« of 
Laii-l wiihin the Term of five Year* for eve- 
ry tifty Acres contained in his or their Share 
or rro)K>rtion of Land in ^aid Township and 
continue to improve and »eitle the same hy 
a*! iiiional Cultivations, on Penalty of the 
T'.rf' iture of his Grant or Share in the said 
Town-hip, *nd of its reverting to Us. our 
Utir:* and Successors, to be by Us or Them' 
n%:rADted to such of Our Subjects as shall 
tiltotuuUy settle and cultivate the ^ame. 

II. That all white aud other Fine Trees 
^\itliiQ the said Township, fit for Masting 
Oar Royal Kavy be carefully preserved for I're, and none to be cut or Irlled without 
Our s] ecial Liceusc, for so doing first had and 
cl>:.»inM. upon the Penalty of tiie Forfeiture 
of the Uight of such Grantee, his Heirs and 
A>Mgim. 10 Us, our Heir* and SuccosAors, as 
\\\l\ .1* being subject to the Penalty of any 
Ac! ur Acts of Parliament that now are or 
!;• :• .ifier shall l>e Kuacti'd. 

III. That bffure any Divi^ion of the I-jind 
lo luAde to and among the Grantees, a Tract 
ol L.iud a:» U'^ar the Centre of i«:»id Town^hlp 
a^ i';*' Land will a«hiUt of sIkiU be ro.«»orved 
an 1 iiiarki'd out for Tuwn L<»ts. one of which 
h'. ill l»e*alloue«l to each Grantee of the Con- 
Uni- of one Acre. 

IV. Yielding; and paying therefor to Us, 
our Ib-ir-' aud :?ucce<^or*, for the space often 
} If-, lo he computed from the Date hereof, 
t*.»' H» nt of one tar of Indian Corn only, on 
I .. .'.*>i'u day of iJccunbrr, annually, if'law- 
la^ly •Ifmanded. the lir.-t Payment to be made 
o:. i:.*- iWHQtv-tiftli day of utrtnihcr, 17i>3. 

V. Every Proprietor, Senior or Inhabitant. 
f^.i.l \ield and j»ay unto Us, our Heirs and 
.""u. O'— ors yearly, and every year forever, 
:ri:j and alter the flxjuration of ten years 
l:u!.i liie ahovesaid tw«*uly- fifth day of Dt- 
^•'.'r, namely, on the iwenty-fifih day of 
/' '- Vr, wliK-h will be in the Year of Our 
I- >T'\ ITTu One Shilling Proclamation Money 
:•: tv^ry Hundred Acre^ he so owns, settles 
o: jo'e^e.-*, and so in Projtortion for a 
k' .I'T or lesser Tract of the said Land; 
• .:• u money hhall be paid by the resj»ective 
i r-o:*- ahovefaid, tlieir Heirs or Aa«igns, or 
*• (*\T f^'mncil Chamber in Poritmouih, or to 
* : li Ufncer or Orficers as shall be appointed 
Im rt' five the same ; and this to be in lien of 
all r. nt-i and services whatsoever. 

In tesiiiuony whereof we have caused the 
>'a\ of our said Province to be hereunto 
j^x 'd. Witness Ben^iso Wejitworth, 
J. jr. Our Governor and Commander in Chief 
0^ Our faid Province the Eighth day of June 
•n Uie Year of our Lord CuKiST One Thon- 
fiiiJ Seven Hundred aud Sixty-threo and in 
t^t Third Year of Our Reign. 

By His Excellency's Command 
^.. . B. Weittwobth, 

^>ub Advicf of CouHcn.. 
T. Atkinson, Jun*r, 8eo*j* 

Provinct of New 
Hampshire June Sth, 1763 — recorded from 
the Original Charter under the Pro'l Seftl 
— T. Atkinson, Jun'r, Secr'y. 

The Names of the Grantee* of Middlesex, 
viz. Jacob Keseau, Hichasd Johnson, Dan- 
iel Ogden, Jonathan Skinner. JonaUian Day- 
ton, Jr., WilliaiQ Heeve. Joshua Horton, 
Georce Hoi's, Jeremiah Mulbord, Kathaniel 
Littell, Gabriel Ogden, David Bill, David 
Morehouse, Jr., Jolm Force, Captain I'»aao^ 
Woodruff, Jr., Jacob Brookti«-ld. Isaac Win- 
nans, David Lammoris, Alexander Carmi- 
chael, James Seward, Nathaniel Potter. Thom- 
as Dean, .\mos Day, William Brant, William 
Bond, Samuel Crowell, Ezekiel Ball, Benjamin 
Crane. IM, Lawrence Eglnsrt, Jr., Matthtaf 
l{o*^, Jfhiel Hoss, Lawrence Gyberi, Uobert 
Karle. Job Wood, Cornelius Ludlow, John 
Roll, Jr., Henry Earle, John Little, i-l, Sam- 
uel Little, 3d. Thomas Woodruff, Jo»li Kaggs, 
Jr.,Daniel Purrvil, Jonathan Davton, 3d, Sam- 
nel Meeker, Jr., John Cory, Jr., David Bonnil. 
Stephen Potter. Stephen Wilcocks. Jona, 
Ball. John David I^mb, James Colie, Jr., 
Robert French, Jonathan Woodruff, Aaron 
Barnett, Jr.. Seih Crowell, James Campbell, 
Thomas Ball, El»enez-r Can field, S.-\muel 
.\venll, Palrid^^e Thatcher. Hon. Jas. Nevina, 
K.sqr., Nathaui'd Barrvlt, Es«jr, Joi«hua New- 
marck, E>*(j., Richard Tennis, livj., George 

His Excellency Benning Wentworth. Esqr 
a Tract of Land to Contain Five Hundred 
Acres, a« marked B. W., in the Plan which 
is to be Accounted two of the within Sharea. 
One wh<»le Share for the In«'orporated Society 
for the Proj»a>:ation of the GoHj^el in Foreign 
Parts. One Share for the fir«t settled Minis- 
ter of the Gospel. One Share for a Gh-be for 
the Church of England as by Law Estabbsh- 
ed, and one Share for the benefit of a School 
in said Town. 

Prov. New Hamp. June 8. 176S. 

Recorded from the book of the Original 
Charter of Middlesex, under the Prov. Seal. 
Pr T. Atkinson, Jun'r, Soc'ry. 

•• Stat« of New lhimp!'hire, 
SecreUry of Sute's Office, Feb. 25, 1H70. 
I hereby certify that the foregoing is a trnt 
copy of the record of the charter of Middle- 
sex and plan of the same as recorded Charter 
Record vol. ii. pages 45, 46, 47, 48, now in 
this offic«. 

In testimony whereof I have herewith 
affixed the Seal of said Sute, the date abov« 
written. NArnAV W. Gove. 

Deputy Secretary of Stata.** 

Accompanying the charter is a plan of 
Middlesex written outside of the northerly 
Line, "northerly abont six miles" easterly 
two lines parallel written outride *' Onion or 
French river,** southerly outitide of the lina. 
** B Waierbury,** insida *' souther Six mUss " 

,' » • • •! 

« .• 


* » 

• . 


V • 







WmUaXy within tht lin^ **We«iUr about 

six milee.'* " Middle^!,** within the plant 

and a small square except upon the river side 

within the east corner of the plan marked 

** Div.** within ; under the plan written : 

'* Province NewIIamp. June 8th 1763. 
Recorded from the Finn on the Back of 
the oriipnal Charter of Middlesex under the 
St. Seal. 

0. T. Atkinson, Jun. Secty SC 


" Tlie Governor, Council and General As- 
sembly of Vermont : 

To all people to whom these presents shall 
come, greeting: 

Know ye, that whereas it has been repre- 
sented to us by our worthy friends, Cuptain 
Aaron Stoors and Company, to the number 
of Mventy-one, that there in a vacant Tract ol 
Land within this State which has not been 
heretofore granted, which they pray may be 
granted to them. 

We have therefore thought fit, for the due 
encoura(;f*ment of settling a new plantation 
within this ^tate and other valuable consid- 
erations, herewith moving. And Do by 
thoii>e Presents and in the name and by the 
authority of the Freemen of Vc rmont, Give 
and Grant unto said Aaron Stoory and the 
several Pensons heroafier named, bin asso- 
ciate*, vix. Thos. Eddy. Jan. Blod^ett, David 
AVooihrard, .\j'ahel Woodward, Klijah Pem- 
ber, Je!iiel Woodward. Jos. Kneeland, St*»ph. 
Burroughs. Henry iJlodgKt. Jas. lilodgelt, Jr.. 
Henry Walbridg**, Dan Parker, Silai* .\daro«, 
Mo!»e« Bflknap, Jo>hua Hendee. Jona. Wale«, 
Ezra Edgerton. John Payne, llirnaba* Per- 
kins, Huokins j^toor*. lluckins i^toors.Jr.. Ca- 
leb Clark, Barnabas lln.<kell. David Hodges, 
Samuel Richard5on Benjamin Bigct^liee, Jo-, 
seph Green, St«'}»hen Bond, Joel Kilburne. 
Jonn Ix)rd. John Maude villes, Wm. Lewis. 
John Goodnrh, Stephen FiJ'k, Abraham Wal- 
lace, Asa Eduerton, Zebulon Lathrop, Jr.. El- 
eaz^r Huntington, Israel Converse. Bildad 
Kibbee, Ariel Edgerton. John Woodward, 
Zebub>n llihbard. Dyer Hibbnrd.Csleb Clark. 
Jr., Edmund {^hattiick, Noadiah Bisf^el, Col. 
John House. Joseph Griswold, James Steel, 
Zadoc Steel, James McKenney, Jr., Andrew 
MoKenney, Moses Vincent, Zenas Aldeii, 
Oliver Pinnev. Experience Davis. Elijah 
Hon«e. Bela Turner. John Throop, Enquire, 
Exi>erience Stoors. Samuel B«'nediri. William 
Evans, Timothy Miles, Bozaleel Woodward, 
Esquire. Eli^ba Burton, Elisha Hyde, Jere- 
miah Griswold and Samuel Steel, together 
with dxt equal shares, or rights to be aj»pro« 
priated to the public uses, following, vit: 
One share or right for the use of a Seminary 
•or college within the State ; one share or right 
for the use of the County Grammar Schools 
throughout this State : one Khare or right for 
the first settled Minister of the Go*pel in said 
Towniihip, to be dis|»osed of for that pur|>ose, 
M the lohabitanta thereof shall direct; one 

share or right for the support of the ministry ; 
one share or right for the benefit and support 
of the school or schools within said townsnip ; 
The following Tract or Parcel of Land : Be- 
pinning at the northwest comer of Ton bridge, 
then north sixty -one degrees we^t, six miles ; 
then south, thirty -six degree* west, about six 
miles and one-half to the northwest corner of 
Bethel; then South, sixty- one degrees East to 
the N. E. corner of Bethel, then westerly, to 
the southwest corner of said Tunbridge ; then 
north thirtv-six d«-grees east six miles in the 
lineof said Yunbridge, to the bounds begun at: 

And that same be and is hereby incorpo- 
rated into a township by the name of Kax- 
DOLPH, and the Inbaoitants that do. or hh;ill 
hereafter inhabit said township are declated 
to be Enfranchised and entitled to all thf. 
Privilege's and Immunities that other towns 
within this Slate do by law exercise and enjoy: 
To UAVE AKD TO HOLD the said granted pn la- 
ises as above expressed, with all the Privi- 
leg«'sand Appurtenances thereunto belonpine. 
to them and their representative Heirs and 
Assigns forever, under the following condi- 
tions and reservations, viE. that each Propri- 
etor of said Township of Randolph, bin Hfirj 
and Assigns shall plant and cultivate firs 
acres of Land and build a house at least eigh- 
teen feet square on the floor, or have one 
family settled on each rei»|»ective sjiar** or 
right of land in said Township wuliin llic 
term of four years, next after the circumMan- 
ces of the War will admit of it with saf-iy, 
on the pain of forfeiture of his respn-nve 
Share or Right of land in said Town-lii}-: 
And the same to revert to the Freemen of tins 
J^tate, to be by their Representatives 
ed to such per>on8 as shall appear to f-rtile 
and cultivate the same: That all Pine timt'^-r 
suitable for a Navy shall be re>ervcd to anl 
for the use and benefit of the Freemen of i!n« 
State. Ijf TrsTiMoxv whereof we have cat;?" «i 
the Seal of this Slate to be affixed < hereuni'^. 
the twenty-ninth day of June in the of 
our Lord one thousand seven hundred ani 
eighty-one. in the Fourth year of the In«b]"'n- 
dence of this State and fifth of the Unitri 
States. Thos. Chitteki»e5, 

Joseph Fay, Sec*y. 
Vfrmonl State Ihpen, Booh iv. p, 39.** 

A company of 20, says Thompson, w.i« 
formed in Hanover, N. H., then Dresden, in 
1778, "for the purpose of purchasing tin* 
township known to them by the nam** of 
Middlesex," and "the Hon. Joseph Mii^h 
was chosen Moderator and agent to prefer s 
petition to the Legislature for a charter. Aa- 
ron Stoors was chosen clerk, and Capt. AKl 
Marsh to ascertain whether there were snf 
claimants of the land in New York oz.cUe- 

For further account of Proprietors* meet- 
ings, 4c., see copyings from the records by 
Mr. Kutting, ftfur. 

.. I* 



Tlie iifttleint-nt wm comincoced here three 
or four yean before the townihip wm char- 
tered, as uear at can be a#certaiDe<i William 
£van», John Farkt and Experience Davis 
w«re the first persons who wintered in the 


ExrBBiEvcB Davis. 


Experience Davis, of Dresden, N. H. (now 
lUuovcr), and who was one of the earlj set- 
tkr« there, hearing from certain of the St 
licgis Indians from the State of Kew York, 
who were at his place, of a very desirable 
tract of land upon ** the Branches of the 
Three Rivers,** accompanied them on their 
return, renolved if he was plea.«ed with the 
laud to commence a settlement there under 
the •• Squatter law."-^an old English law that 
secured to settlerAin a new country the land 
tlcy might ^fence and build a tenement on. 
The Indians guided him to the ppot, and it 
appears he was plea»«ed with the prospect^ 
hat he did nothing at thi« time more than to 
look over the ground ; his affairs requiring 
him to return immediately to Dresden. This 
wa« in the Summer of 1773. The next Sum- 
mer, 1770, he weul up aud appro)>riated to 
himself what of the land he could fence in 
three days. At he inclosed 1533 acre!*, it i? 
to Lk; inferred he fenced according to law, ''so 
brush would touch.** He aUo chopped ac- 
cording to law, •• a little," and ** built a tcne- 
m4nt'* — a chanty — and returned to Dresden. 
Tije next year, 1777, Mr. Davis came on and 
took up \m residence on his inclo^ |»o.-8es- 
»iono, but as he was an unmarried man and 
not yet ready to marry, he soon found the 
Eoliiary condition of being the only person in 
town so lonely, after a short time he went 
back to Dresden, and offered William Evans, 
one of his old neighbors, a farm off from his 
tract if he would make an* immediate settle- 
nit^nt. Mr. Evans accej»ted the offer, brouglit 
on his family and built a house at a mile dis- 
la:ii from D.ivis. Both parties bad progress- 
ed fomewhat with' the clearing of their farms, 
>vh..-n the burning of Uoy alton occurred and 
the capture of prisoners and taking of scalps 
hy the Indians in their return to Canada in 
the towns through which they j^as^ed. Ran- 
<Joll»h was one of the towns which suffered. 
Ths Indians came up the second Branch of 
^ river, near the clearing of Davis. They 

discovered him seated at his door mending a 
basket lie made no resistance, for ho was 
surrounded before he saw Chem and knew too 
well the temper of bis captor*. They took 
him aa their prisoner and what effects they 
coveted about his shanty, and then burned 
his hat to the ground. One of the Indians 
discovered his roare feeding in the meadow 
at a di^unce, and thought to take her like- 
wise, but she, frightened by her hideous pur- 
suer, fled like a deer to the woods where Da- 
vis heard the report of a gun, and supposed 
she was shot. These Indians, taking with 
them their new prisoner, proceeded to the 
house of Mr. Evans. The family bad either 
seen the smoke of Mr. Davis* house, or re- 
ceived the alarm in some other way and had 
escaped. The Indians not finding the family, 
burned the house and proceeded on their 
way about 3 mites further and encamped for 
the night (See burning of Royalton, Vol. 
III.) Two feAT9 to a day, from the morning 
of this eventful day, Mr. Davis having re- 
turned from his captivity, and being in the 
village of Ilanover, near the old meeting- 
house, heard a horse whinney. He thought 
he recognized the voice and going into the 
church-shed, what was his surprise and joy 
to discover his old mare, tliat he had supposed 
shot by tlie Indinns ; and she expressed as 
much delight at teeing him as it was {•o.^^iblo- 
for a dumb beast to exhibit She had escaped 
the murderous intent of the Indians and after 
their depasture returned to the still smoking 
ruins of her master's dwelling, where the peo- 
ple of Hanover, who kindly took it upon 
them to care for what proi>erty had been left 
by those who had been taken prisoners, found 
and brought her to Hanover. 

Mr. Davis returned to his farm. Ho built 
a framed barn in 1790, drawing the boards 
from Sharon, and in 1792, a gambrel-roofed 
house, drawing the boards for the latter from 
Hartford and Sharon. This house was stand* 
ing in 1870, though very much altered. This 
same year he married a yoong woman at 
Woodstock, from I[«wich, MaM., with whom 
he lived happily, and who died but 4 months 
before him. Aug. 23, 1809. Mr. Davis ar- 
ranged in 1805, with a Mr. Burnhara, from 
Bethel, who had married a niece of his, to 
come and live with and care for him and bis 
wife. He had already, before this, disposed 
by gift and by sale of all of his land but 200 
acres, bnt gave Burnham 50 acres upon hit 

r' - - 

• • • 

i * ' 

»■• * 

I. ' - 


» - 

'^ ^» 

^ J 


it t 

r , 



i » ' i 



1 • * 

coDiiog to live with bim, and 50 acres inor« 
at the deceaMof Mn. Davis, and tbe remain- 
iDg 100 acret, Barnham carried on, upon 
•bare*, till the death of Mr. Davis, who at bis 
dc^itb gave it to the town, to be divided among 
the scliool-districta. 

Mr. Davis was an amiable and upright 
man aod neighbor, and lived and died kindly 


was a son of Elijah Pember, a farmer of El- 
linj^ton, Ct., who moved into the town of Ran* 
dolj'h, Vt. The subject of our notice was 
born on the 2d day of March, 1757. He was 
tall in stature, very straight, and remarkably 
awift of foot. He had often been heard to 
say Uiat he never would be taken alive by the 
In'iians, and he was not. He had cleared off 
quite a piece of land upon the Branch road, 
an«i ox{>ected in about 6 weekd to be married 
to a daughter of Mr. Robert Havens, and to 
take his wife to a house at this s|K>t. On Oct. 
16, 17S0, at an early hour of the morning, he 
wax .«urprii^ by the Indians, and attempted 
to iiiAk«s hL« escape by Aight, but was pursued 
and wounded. Kolwitltstanding thit;, he ran 
for M>mo time after, but at length he fainted 
and Ur\l from lo*s of blood. The savages, uj>on 
couiing up to him, extinguished the la5t spark 
of hie that remained, and then tore oS \i\> 
itcalp and left him. His scalp, which was an 
nnuitual one. having **2 crowns,'* greatly 
|doa.<ed his captors, who were able to obtain 
[or it a double price. Mr. Pember's body 
wa.« buried near the spot where he fell. 
About 20 years after his death, his remains 
were moved to the burial-ground in Randolph, 
where tliey now repose by the side of bis kin- 
dred. ( See Bu^hnell*! Notes to Memoir of 
Abijah Hutchinson.) 


was the son of Simeon Belknap, of Ellington, 
Ct; a fanner by occupation. His mother's 
maiden name was Elizabeth Porter. The 
subject of onr notice was born in Ellington. 
Apr. 6^ 175S, and was brought np as a farmer. 
Id the Summer of 17S0, he went to Randolph, 
Vt, where he purchased a farm, and chopped 
the timber upon a portion of the land in order 
to havf it ready for clearing the coming 
year. He then started to return to Ellington, 
but CD reaching Royalton, ho there found 
tome other persons from Connecticut, who 
also intended to return. They not being 
ready to do to joit then, aod Mr. Belknap 

being desirous of accompanying them, be 
hired himself out for a month, at the expira- 
tion of which time they all intended to de- 
part Before that time had elapsed however, 
they were all taken prisoners and conveyed 
to Canada. One day during Mr. Belknap's 
captivity, while the guard were setting the 
l»osts around the prison, he remarked to them 
that the posts were not high enough, and 
that he could very e.osily jump over them. 
Upon this, the guard laughed at him and 
challenged him to make the attempt. He 
did so, and though he succeeded in clearing 
the posts, yet u|ion reaching the ground, he 
struck upon some round stones on the outside, 
hiddciv from his view, whereby he fractured 
his ancle severely. In consequence of this, 
and the want of surgical attention, he was 
not only prevented from making any esc^p^ 
for the time, but the injury thus received, 
was the cause likewise of much inconvenience 
through life. 

When Mr. Belknap's friends heard of his 
being captured they were delirious of getting 
him relea«ed, and for that purpose they pro- 
cured and sent off a British prisoner in ex- 
change for him, but from some unknown cau<«e, 
the enemy instead of returning Belknap, «cnt 
back another person. This circumstance led 
his friends to believe that he w.'is dead, aod 
they accordingly disposed of his land and set- 
tled his affairs. 

Mr. Belknap arrived at Ellington on Oct 7, 
17vS2, and the first intimation his friends had 
of his being still alive, was from a town^tman 
on horseback who had passed him on the road. 
His father at once started off with a spare 
horse, and be, who was supposed to be dead, 
was soon welcomed to his home with care«.««s 
of love and tearA of joy. Mr. Belknap was 
twice married. His first wife was Mary 
Gibbs, by whom he^had 10 children. His 
second wife was Mrs. Marion Edson, by 
whom he had 6 children. Mr. Belknap died 
in Randolph, en Jan. 11, 1811. (See Bufh- 
nell's Notes to Memoir of Abijah Hutch- 

raoM tABttn srscix, esq., of wxirMoa, 

Thb Rev. Stepbek Steele, bom at Hart- 
ford. Ct, in 1C96, was graduated at Yale Col- 
lege, 1718, and was the first settled minister 
of the Congregational chnrcb in Tolland, Ct, 
and continued his ministry there till his death. 
The third ton of Rev. Stephen Steele, Jamos 

1 I 




WAS born *t TolUnd. Keh. 6. 1735. Afi*r 
arriving »t miinhood he Imd the charge of hi» 
faUier'i farm. In 1751, he married Abigail 
Huntington, and by this union, had fiyeiomi 
and one daugliter. After the death of hi* 
wife in 1709. he married Dorothy Converse. 
She died in 1773. without ij»ffue. In 1775, 
he married Abigail MakejH-ace, of weft«^ra 
M.15*. In 177*5. all the family moved to 
K'.Vingt«^n, Ct. JamfS Stei-le had wrved in 
the French war, 175r», a^a lieutenairt, and on 
i]w breaking ont of the war of th« Uevoluti«>n, 
with a corami.««ion from Gen. Wafhington, l^e 
Vi-^ih three ^ons i«erved in the Federal army. 
)!:< uldcj't Kon, Aaron, died in the i^ervjcc at 
Camden, X, J. 

At a family meeting in the Spring of Ki'O, 
a I'lan wan made to nend the third, pon, Zadt>c, 
with a hired man and a yoke of oxen to ex- 
plore the new country, now Vermont, and 
ii).ike a ]>itch' as a settlement for the family. 
A<oordin>;ly they commenced the journey'liatfly, and, in the latter part of the 
w.iy, by following streams and niarkfd tre^s, 
t!ity Were led to that part of the State wjiich 
is now Kandnlph. Here Mr. Si**ele purcha^«'d 
a tract of land in the north part of the town, 
on which had bet-n built a loglioufe. They 
b> 4An f«:Iling tree^, clearing the land, and 
making pretiaraiions for a ^oltlement of the 
family of James Sli'ele. his father^ who wa« 
distinguished from others of the Kime name 
ly ihe title of Esquire. Prior to the middle 
of October, 17S0, the hired man returned to 
Kllington. Mr. Siet-le remained later, thou;;h 
inii Ddmgto return to his father to s]*end the 
Winter. About the middle of October, being 
in the south part of Randolph, be heard that 
the Indians were at Koyalton, killing the 
inhibitants and dcj«troying everj'thing that 
came in their way. He resolved to go to the 
Hf. ue of a family in the town of Brook field, 
a f^-w miles north of his own settlement. He 
b< lioved the Indians would take this route 
ca ibeir way to Can^la. On arriving at his 
s< t'J«mcnt, night CAme on, and he was com- 
p Ihd to wait till morning. Before dawn he 
hr^rd the yell of the Indians, and found 
bi9 house surrounded by a party of 300, who 
inim«Hliate!y took him captive. Having 
[londcred the settlement and set fire to the 
^o:.<e, they proceeded on their way with their 
l^i^uen toward Canada. Iteacliing the 
♦iriaity of Montreal, Zadoc, with other pris. 
o&en 4ras tent to an island where he was 

held captive for about 2 years. During this 
time, earnest but fruitless efforts were made 
by his father and friends to liberato bin. At 
length he made his escape, and after a peril- 
ous journey, reached Ellington in October. 
1782. AnxiHy for his son had caused Mr. 
James Steele to defer his removal to Vermont ; 
but in the Spring of 1783, peace having been 
declared. Esquire Steele, with three sons and 
one daughter, by the first marriage, his wift 
and a younger son set out on their journey. 
Their journey to Randolph was safely accom- 
pliffhcd. James Steele, the then oldest son 
having eng.iged in the mercantile bosine^, re- 
mained in Ellington. His death occurred in 
1 819, at the ago of 03. Solomon, the younger 
son referred to, died in Randolph in 1799, 
aged 19 years. Four farms were taken ia 
Randolph by E«qoire Steele and his three 
sons ; the former occupying the one on which 
Za loc had commenced work. 

At the time of Esquire Steele's settlement 
in Randolph, the number of inhabitants was 
small. He and his three sons were active in 
the bii5in'»*s m:itter:i of the town, organising 
a Congregational church and schools. Es- 
quire Sl**ele was a selectman, a magistrate, 
and r*»presc'nte*l the town in the General As- 
sembly. He continued in th«v^ dilft;rent ca- 
pa^'ities, to serve his fellow townsmen, living 
U]>on the farm where he first settled, until the 
time of his death. April 5, 1812, at the age of 
77. His wife, surviving him, died at Ran- 
dolph, Aptil 23, 1823, also ag«d 77 yeara. 
Zadoc Steele, a few years prior lo his death, 
with two of his sons, removed to Stansti»ad, 
Province of Quebec, In 1845 he died, aged 
87 years. Of his large family, only one son, 
Solomon Steele, Esq., of Derby, Vt.. now 
(1S09) remains. Two of his grandsons are 
residents of Vermont Hon. Benjamin H. 
Ste«-le, associate judge of the supreme court 
of Vermont, and Henry Sanford St/Hile, now 
a member of the senior cla«8 in Dartmouth 
college, both sons of Sanford Steele, youngest 
son of Zadoc. 

De\. Samcrl Steele, son of James Steele, 
Esq.. after 25 years residence in Randolph, in 
the e^rly settlement of the town, removed to 
Sharon, Vt.. and died there in 1849, aged 87 
years. He has now living in Sharon, two 
sons. Hon. Wm. Steele and Don Zeno Steele; 
also one grandson, Sam*l H. Steele, Esq. An- 
drew Steele, Esq., son of James Ste^'le. after 
continuing bis reeidence in Randolph morf 

- • I 
... 1 

• ' 


,1 ■ 

♦ ^ I 

' > I 




♦ • 



t • 


f "» 



t : 

than 20 yean removed to Brookfield, and 
there engaged id mercantile business. He 
died in liill. aged 47 years. He had three 
sons who are all deceased. Deborah Steele, 
the only daughter of James Steele, Esq., mar- 
ried I)r. Philip Lyon, of Randolph, and died 
in Uiat place in 1800, aged 31 years, leaving 
DO children. Elizur Steele, the second son 
by the IsKt marriage, was born in Randolph 
in 1785, and resided with hii parents, taking 
care of them till their death. He died in 
Randolph, in 1847, aged 62 years. Two of 
his Kons are now living, one of whom, John 
B. Steele, litill lives in Randolph, the only 
male member of the family, by the name of 
Steele, remaining there. Tiie other son, Eli- 
aur Steele, Jr., resides in California. One 
gran<l:<on of Elizur Steele. Sr., Henry Steele, 
re<(idcs in St. Johnsbnry, Vt • 

Ja.^s %Steele, the youngest son of Esqvure 
Steele, was born in Randolph, in 1780, and, 
after gra«]uating at Dartmouth college, in 
IS 12, read law with the Hon. Charles Marsh, 
At WoodHtock, Vt, and commenced the prac- 
tice of his ]irofcs«ion in Randolph, where he 
contiuned until he was elected cashier of the 
Bank of Orange County, at ChcU ea, to which 
place he removed in 182S. He remained 
there during the continuance of the charter 
of the f^aid bank and the closing np of btisi- 
ne.v, continuing meanwhile the practice of 
bis jifofei^ion. In 184S. he removed to Wind- 
tor, Vt, and became cashier of the Ascutney 
Bank, then commencing operations. He re- 
signed the ofBce in 1853, but still resides in 
Windsor. While residing in Randolph, and 
practicing law, he married Harriet Converse, 
Feb. 21, 1821 She was the daughter of Sha- 
bacl Converse, Esq., whose father. Col. Israel 
Converse, was one of the early settlers of the 
town of Randolph. 

The oldest son of Jason Steele, Esq., George 
Henry Steele, was born at Randolph, Nov. 30, 
1824. After graduating at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, in 1845, he died at Cambridge, Mass., 
while a member of the Harvard law-school, 
Nov. 15, 1846, aged nearly 22 years. He has 
but one son living, Charles Edward Steele, 
who was born at Chel«ea, April 14, 1845. 
He graduated at Norwich University, in 1864, 
And is now living in Clinton, Iowa. 

Jason Steele, Esq., since his admission as an 
attorney to the bar in 1817. has received 
nearly or quite fifty annual elections as Jus- 
tioa of thf Peace, while residing in ih% towns 

of Randolph and Chelsea, in Orange County, 
and in Windsor, Windf.or County. He has 
alto served 2 years as Bank Commissioner in 
Vermont, and has represented the town of 
Windsor in three sessions of the State legisla- 
ture. He has held various town and county 
offices in the different towns in which he has 
resided. Jason Steele has for more than 22 
years been the last surviving member, in the 
first degree, of the family of James Steele, Esq. 
In thifw brief account only male members 
of the Steele family have been mentioned, as 
roost of the female members having married, 
they and their descendants bear other names. 


IVom ''Indian Narratives:'" puUithed hy " Tracy 
and Brothers, Claremoni, N, H: 1854.**— /or 
copy of which toe render acknowUdgmeni is 

Eaklt Life, Capture akd Captivity— 
some further account of, by Zadock Steele: 

•• I was born at Tolland, Ct. Dec. 17, 1758. 
In 177<^ my father, James Steele, Esq., moved 
from Tolland to EUinctou, Ct. a town a<ijoin- 
ing, where he kept a nouse of entertainment 
several years. During the years of my child- 
hood, the American Colonies were put m com- 
motion by what was generally termed the 
French war. 

The colonies had hardly recovered from the 
convulsions of that war, when the American 
Revolution commenced. My father had been 
activt-ly engaged in the former war. and now 
received a lieutenant's commi^ion in the Rev- 
olutionary army. . . . Being in my 18th 
year. I enlisted into the army for one year ai 
waiter to my father. Soon after I enliste I, 
he was visit^-d with a severe fit of sicknc«A, 
which prevented him from entering the army, 
and compelled me to go into the ranks, leav- 
ing him behind. My two older brothers, Aa- 
ron and James, also enlisted the same year. 
Aaron died in March following at Chatham, 
N. Y., in the 23d year of his age. Bereft of 
a brother whom I held desr, after serving the 
term of my enlistment, I returned to Elling- 

The next year, I served one year in the 
militia, and after one year as a teamster, 
which closed my services in the army. I wu 
now about 10 years of age. I had been ft- 
vored with very little opportunity, as yet, to 
acquit^ an education. . . . 1 however ac- 
quired an education sufficient to enable me to 
transact the busint'ss of a farmer. . » . 

In April, 171*0, being in my 22d year. I 
started from my father's house in Ellington. 
. . . and came to Randolph. ... I 
there purchased a tract of land in the north 
part of the town on which was a log-hou^e 
and a little improvement Suflering tlie pri- 
vations and hardships common to Uiose wlio 
dwell in naw countries, I spent the sumucr 




in diligent labor, sub)ii«tiDg upon rather coarse 
faro, j^upported by the fond hope« of soon ex- 

JKfiencing bHter'dap. The yonng man who 
[rove my tt-am from Conneclicui with provix- 
ion)(, farmin>; ut^'nyiK kc,, laU>red with roe 
through the rummer and fall reaftont till Oc- 
toScr. '.then he returned to Klliiigton. just in 
tiinfi to o!(cai>e the danger of being taken by 
the Indiana. 

A i^mall settlement h^d commenced in the 
pouihwc^terlv part of Uandolph. on the iliird 
branch of \Vhile Klver. about G mile* from 
my own. A little settlement had alw b»^n 
coD»m»'Ufed on the peconJ brancli of ihe^ame 
rivt-r in Brookfield, in the ea*ieily j»art of the 
town, and at about an ^qual di«u«nce from 
mv abode. A»« there were in Randolph a 
Duni))er of families Fituated in dilTeront parts 
of the town, and our country bcin^ engaged 
in a war which renib'rc-d our frontier s.-iile- 
m'-ni.s expo^fd to the ravagi-s of an exasper- 
at"d foe, we had taken the nec«'*«ary precnntion 
to t*il'»bli«!i alarm po>ts by whicli we might 
announce to each other the aj^proach of an 

But our Brookfield brethren, though in a 
town adjoining, were beyond the hearing of 
th • r*-p(>rt of our alarm-guns. 

On the Iftth of Ootob.'r we w^re apprised 
of the arrival of the Indian^ at It'iyaiton, a 
town a^out 10 miles south of Randolph. . 
. . It was expected they would follow up 
either the se.'ond or third branch on their re- 
turn to Canada, a<« these two branches 'run to 
the liouth, and nearly parallel to each oth»-r, 
the former of wliich ♦-mpiie* itself into the 
nver at Royalton, and the latter a few miles 

1 was employed the ICth day till nearly 
Dit;ht in assisting the setilers on the third 
branch in Randolph to move their families and 
tS"cU into the woods such a distance as was 
thouiiht would render them safe, shonld the 
Indians pursue that stream on their return. 

1 then re')ue>ted that some one of them 
»hould accompany me to go and notify the 
Bro'»k6'»ld sottb-rs of their danger. Being 
unuhlcto persuade any to go with me, I start- 
ed alone. I had only time to arrive at my 
own dwelling, wliich was on my direct course 
wM-n 1 was overtaken by the ap]»roach of 
ni^ht. As there was no road, and nothins 
t'li marked tree* to guide my way, I tarrii'd 
sll night. Having prepared some food for 
Ir* ; I lay down to sleep, little knowing 
what awaited my waking hours. At the 
^awn of day on the morning of the 17ih, 1 
'•tout . . . thoQch in a violent temiieKt, 
stiended with snow. 1 had not proceeded far 
h'lore the storm greatly increased, which I 
found would not only much endanger my life, 
but would so retard my proj^re^ that I could 
tiot arrive in time seasonably to warn mjr 
fn»-nd« of their danger, or escape myself from 
tie hands of the enemy should they follow 
the second branch instead of the third. 1 
therefore retarned to my house. Soon after 
I srrived within doors, nlled with anxiety for 
the unsuspecting inbabiUnU of Brookfield, I 

heard a nhockins cry in the surrounding 
woods, and trembiiug for my own safety, raa 
to the door, when to my utter astonishment 
I beheld a company of Indians not 10 rods 
distant, approaching with hideous cries and 
friglitful yells. . . . 

There was no wav of c*cape. I had only 
to stand still, waif their approach and receive 
my mi*erabl«» de«iiny. Tneir leader came up 
and told me I go with them. They ask* 
e 1 me if any other perj^on^ were to be found 
near that place. 1 told them it was probable 
there wa-* none t** l>e found. They then en- 
quired if any cattle were near; to which I 
answered in ihe uegative; but they se-med to 
choo-se rrtiher to take the trmlde to search 
than contide in what 1 told them. 

After taking every tliini; they found worthy 
to carry with them, and dnstroying all that 
was not likely to suffer injury* bv fire, they 
set the house on fire, and marched on. One 
of them took a bag of ura-ss-secd on his back 
•ind cutting a h'de in ilio bag. scattered the 
si'ed ;is he inarched, wliich took root stocked 
the ground, an 1 was for m.iny years a sad me- 
mento of my long captivity. 

The cliief who came up to me could talk 
En!;li«h very well; which was a circumstance 
much in my favor, as he be«-arae my master. 
. . , They to<ik all my clothe* not except- 
ing the be<l I had on, and distributed them 
among themselves. They however furnished 
lue With blankets sutKcicnt to defend me 
Uj^ainst the cold, but deprived me of my own 
i»roj»erly ; the bitter consequences of which 
1 felt in my subse«juent conhneincnt with the 
British, and on niv returu to resume my set- 
tlement of Ran«folph. The Indians had 
camp«*d the nicht j»receding on the second 
branch in Kaud<d]>h on whicli the Brookfield 
settler;* lived, and not more than 10 miles be- 
low tiiem ; but during the night had been put 
to rout bv a party of Americans, consisting 
of about '}->J in numl>er who were comman<f 
ed by Col. John House, of Hanover, N. H. 
To make their escape, they left the stream 
and took a cour.*<e which brought them direct- 
ly to my dwelling. . . . 

Soon after wo started from my hooi^e, my 
master, wlio was the principal conductor and 
chief of the whole tribe, oi«covered that I 
had a pair of shoe-buckles in my shoes, and 
atiempi^'d to take the:n from rae; but by my 
promising to let him have them when we ar- 
rived at our journey's end, 1 peri»uaded him 
to let me k»*ep them. But we ha'l not fav- 
eled far before another Indian espied them, 
and crying out, ** H'lA stoftJorumr — Ah 
there's silver — took tliem from me, and fur- 
iii>hed me with strings for^y shoes, as sub- 

We travel'Hi the first day to Berlin and en- 
camped on ])o^ Kiver. not many mil*^ from 
the place where Mont|»elier vilU^e now 
stands. Thev huilt a tire of some rods ia 
length, to which opportunity wan aff<ird«^ 
for all to apprc»ach. They placed sentiuuU 
around, ... as we lay down ui»on the 
ground they tied a roj»e around our bodivt 

4 f - 

»! . 


I' •* 

• • 

i - ■ 

' -^ 

. i • 



. .1 

■ i 



and extending it each way, the Indians laid 
upon it on the right and on Uie left, not suf- 
fering any two prisoners to lie next each 
other. ... 

As they had told me before we encamped 
that if they were overtaken hy the .Americans 
tlicy Khould kill every priwner, I felt the mort; 
anxious to make my escape, and they fieemcd, 
in view of their danger, more det^irous to keep 
us within roach of tlie tomahawk. 1 watched 
Willi trembling, . . . the night we lay at 
Bfrlin, seeking an opj»ortunity to escajie, 
which I found utterly impossible. 

They compelled many of the prisoners to 
carry their pucks, enormous' in f izo and ex- 
tremely heavv, as Uiey were filled with the 
plunder of pillaged houses. 

On tlie morning of the 18th Uiey first or- 
dered me to eat my breakfast, urging me to cat 
as much as I wanted. . . . 'iheir food. 
however, was very unfavory, insomuch thlt 
nothing but extreme hunger would have in- 
duced mo to eat of it, though I always had a 
shnre of their best. . . • 

We this day pas>*ed down Dog River till we 
came to Onion river, . . . and then kei>t 
the course of the latter. ... At night 
we came to a very sleep mountain . . . 
not far from the place now called Bolton. . 
. . Upon the top of this mountain the In- 
dians, on their way to lioyalton, secreted 
a number of bags of fine flour which the}* 
brought with them from Canada, and now re- 
gained. . . . 

On the 4th day we arrived at Lake Cham- 
plain. We here lound some battcaux in which 
the Indians had conveyed themselves thither 
on their way to lioyalton. On . . . re- 
gaining their battcaux, they gave a shout of 
exultation. . . . We crossed over and 
encamj>ed on Grand I^e that night. The 
next rooming we roembarked . . . and 
lauded at the Isle Aux Noix before night . 
. . The next morning which was the Gth 
day of our march, we started for i^t. John;*, 
and arrived there that day. At that place the 
Indians found a plenty of ardent spirits, by a 
too tree u*e of which they became more en- 
raged if {>ossible than before. They now be- 
gan to tlireaten the lives of all tlie captives 
wlio!^ faces were not painted, as the face 
being painted was a distinguishing mark put 
upon those whom they dei^igned not to kill. 
As I was nut paiutea, one of the Indians, 
more sagacious than humane, came un to me 
and }>ointing a gun directly al my heaa, cock- 
ed it and was about to fire, when an old In- 
dian, who was mv new master, knocked it 
aside, pushed him backwards upon the ground 
and took a bottle of rum and putting it to 
his mouth, turne<i down his throat a consid- 
erable quantity, left him and went on. The 
punishment soomed in no way to di>plea«e the 
criminal: he wished he would continue to 
punish him through the day io tht tame man* 
tter. . . . 

They now procured some paint and painted 
my face, which greatly appeased the rage of 
ihoM who before bad been apparently deter- 

mined to take my life. I now received their 
marks of friendship, nor felt myself in danger 
of becoming the subject of their fatal enmity. 
Clothed with an lydian blanket, with my 
hands and my face painted, and possessed of 
activity ei^ual to any of them, they appeared 
to be willing I should live with them, and be 
accounted as one of their number. 

We arrived at Cagnewaga on the 7th day 
of our march. . . . Some days after, . 
. . an old man by Uie name q{ Phillip!!, 
whoso silvery locks, . . . whose visage 
indicated a long and wretched captivity, 
who^e wrinkled lace and withered hands wit- 
nessed the sufferings of manv hardships, aud 
presented to me a solemn and awful toKen of 
what I myself might expect to suffer, came 
and told me that I was about to be adopted 
into one of the Indian families, to fill the 
place of one whom they had lo&t on their ex* 
pedition to Royalton. . . . 

The ceremony of my own adoption, as well 
as that of many others of the prisoners, af- 
forded no small degree of diversion. The 
scene presented to view a spectacle of an as- 
semblage of barbarism assuming the appear- 
ance of civilization. 

.\11 the Indians, both male and female, to* 
getlier with the prisoners, assembled and 
formed a circle within which one of their 
chiefs, standing upon a stage erected for the 
}turpoge, harangued the audience in the Indian 
tongue. Although I could not understand bis 
language, yet I could plainly discover a great 
share of native eloquence. His speech was 
of considerable length, and its effect obvious- 
ly manifested weiglit of argument, solemnity 
of thought, and at le.ost human sensibility.— 
I was {laced near by his side, and had a kir 
view of the whole circle. After he had end- 
e«l his speech, an old sooaw came and took me 
by the hand and lea me to her wigwam, 
where she dressed roe in a red coat with a 
ruffle in my bosom, and ordered me to call her 
mother, bhe could speak English tolerably 
well ; but was very poor, and therefore una- 
ble to furnish me with very sumptuous fare. 
My food was rather beneath a savage medi- 
ocrity ; though no doubt my new mother en- 
deavored, as far as lay in her power, to endear 
the affections of her newly-adopted, yet ill-na- 
tured son. I found the appellation of mother 
highly pleaded the tawny jade, which proj-or- 
tionally increased my disgust, already iuiol- 
erable; and instead of producing contentment 
of mind, added disouietude to affliction and 
sorrow. As I wa« blessed with an excellent 
voice for singing, I was the more beloved hy, 
and, on that account, received much better 
treatment from my new mother, as well m 
from other Indians. I was allowed the priv- 
ilege of visiting any part of the village in 
the day-time, and was received with marks 
of fraternal affection, and treated with all ths 
civility an Indian is capable to bestow. . • 
After remaining in tliis condition a few 
weeks, finding the prisoners very incorrigiblt, 
I and wishing lor the reward they might obtain 
■ lor them, informatioo wm giveo the prisoners 

■T : 5 ■ i 



that thev might be delivered over to the Brit- 
ifh hi Montreal, a* pri«)nert of war. or con- 
tinue with the Indian*, a» Uiey should choose. 
, . . Enconragod by the prospect of en- 
joying the coinpanv of civiliied j>eople, and 
flattt-n^l with the itfea of being Foon exchang- 
ed, njid thereby enabled to return once more to 
»oc my friends in Connecticut, I made choice 
to W given up to the Britifib. All the cap- 
tiv4¥ did likewise. 

We were all conducted to Montreal by iho 
Indians, in the latter part of Nov.. 1780, and 
there "sold for a half loe" each. ... To 
be coinpolled to ppena the vigor of mv day? 
in UFtle!»s continement was a source oi grief 
and i^ain to my mind ; but I could see no way 
of e«ca|»«. 

We found at the citv of Montreal about 170 
pri?on<»r» . . . llere we could see wom- 
en and children who had fallen the victims 
of savage cartivity. ... It was enough 
to melt the ueart'of stone ... to hear 
th«ir groans. Tlii:* led me to consider my own 
suff»*nncs comparatively small, and a sense ol 
my own wret<.-hed condition became lost in 
tlie fni'lings of compassion for these unhappy 
wi'lows and orphans. 

We were put inlo a large building called 
the old Recal Cliurch with the other prison- 
en*, in which we were kept several davs, when 
we w<Te removed into a large ptone f»uildinc. 
fitt«-d up for the purpose in the suburbs of the 
city, upon the shore of the river St. Law- 

We were . . . said to be allowed one 
pound of bread and one pound of fresh beef 
per «l.iy. Bui through tne injustice, or the 
ai«1mne«ly of the person who d'-nli out our 
allowance, we were robbed even of a j>ar\ of 
thi^ humble pittance. . . . 

We were ol>li;ied by the calls of hunger to 
pound up the beef bones, which compoM-d no 
small share of our ration:* of meat, and boil 
. th(in for broth. We had no butter, cheese, 
flour, nor any kind of sauce during the win- 
ter. ' We were kept almost totally without 
fin-wood, having scarcely enough to enable 
n« to cook our m^at. Our beds con^i^-ted prin- 
cipally of blankets whi^h they brought from 
the l)o«pital!>. in all their filth. . . . Half- 
naked and chilled. . . . we were forced to 
have recourse to our beds and occupy them a 
peat part of the time, though they were the 
|ial>:tations of filthy vermin, tainted with the 
infections of mortal distempers, ami scented 
with the nauseojs smell of tne dying and the 
dead. . . . 

We suffered so mnch with hunger, that we 
fliould have thankfully "fed upon the crumbs 
that fell from the rich man's table;** and so 
great were our afflictions that we should have 
gladly caressed the " dog that had come and 
boke^ our sorea." . , , 

In the spring after. . . . we were sap' 
plied with salt pork, bread, oat-roeal and peas 
in abundanc*. As we had long been almost 
'tarved, . . . this sudden repletion of 
oar wantj produced tht acurvj among our 

prisoners. . . . Reiterated sight and dy- 
ing groans now filled our camp. I sboold 
state that we received at this time, all thai 
kind attention which was doe to our wretched 
condition, and every favor in tiie power of 
our keepers to bestow, while the innabiuntt 
manifested a humane dis|)osition, and dis- 
[daye^l the generous feelings of pity and ten- 
der compassion. They furnished ns with green 
herbs and evt;rythmg which was adapted to 
our disorders, or calculate^) for our comfort 
and re»*overy. By these means our health 
was fully restored. Aft*T our recovery we 
were allowed the privilege of a yard. . . 
. At length some of the prisoners made their 
escape, which occasioned all the rest to be put 
. . . under lock and key. We were sup- 1 
]died, however, with all the comforts of life; 
so far as our cloi^e confinement would permits 
In October, 1781. all tlie prisoners were re* 
moved to an island in the UiverSt I.»awrence, 
called Prison Island, about 45 roilee above 
the city of Montreal, and opposite to a place 
calle«l Cateau du Lac. Here we were fur- 

nished with a full supply of wholesome food. 

« « • 

It was thought impossible that any person 
deiititute of boats should be ahle to escape 
without being drowne*!. as the water run with 
the utmost Vflocity on e.ich side of the island. 
We were, therefore, allowed the lilierty of 
traversing the whole island, which cont.:ined 
abont 20 acrea. 

Guarded by a company of refugees and lo- 
ries posst^iin'g as little humanity as patriot- 
ism, and having long been the miserable 
sufferers of a wretched caf»tivity and painful 
imprisonment, many of the prisoners at- 
tempted to make their e^vape W swimming 
down the current the distance of three miles; 
but few succeeded, and some were drowned. 
. . Time soon rolled away, till winter 
approached, without bringing to our view that 
propitious moment which could aflford the 
pliglitest hope of success in the attempt . . 

At the approach of winter, the ice below 
the inland rendered it visibly and utterly ira- 
Itos'iible to es<*a}»e alive. . . in January we 
were ordere^i bv M'Daniel to shovel the snow 
for a path in wliich the guard were to travd 
. . . We complied. . . AVe were again 
commanded by Si* Daniel to shovel the snow 
to make a path for the cuard to travel in, 
while they had nothing to do but to wait our 
toil. Disdaining to l»ecome slaves, we had 
universally determined to reject their unan- 
thorizei] servitude. I therefore informed the 
infamous M*Daniel what was our unani- 
mous resolution, and told him I feared lost 
what he should dare to do, than I did the 
consequences of yielding to the ]aw]e«t requi- 
sition of a petty tyrant ... He took 
me to the guar<) house, put me in irons and 
kept me there during the day till night, when 
he carne and repeated hia tlireata of torture 
and death, in case I continued to refuse com- 
pliance. But still finding me unmoyed, he 
ordered me to be kept in irons til) 9 o'clock 
at night without food, and then aent tnok to 


f • •• 



1 .• 


' J 

■ * 

• > 



t * 


« • 





jnv/t%rnu:k. • . . The mo#t severe pun- 
itiimenu . . . were inflicted upon the 
priJK>ners. " To revenge upon." he said, " no 
prisoner should be allowea to have another 
ire while they remained upon the island.'* — 
Accordingly the guard came into our barracks 
every night with large (quantities of snow and 
put out all the firet. . . . 

As our barracks were very cold and open, 
and being pcantily clothed, we suffered great- 
ly for want of fire, to support which we were 
willing to got wood ourselves ; but our keep- 
erif chose rather to suffer pain themselves, than 
to permit us to enjoy comfort. 

M'Daniel, however, was called away, and suc- 
ceeded by one M*Kelpin in command. He was 
aim) a reVu^cee, tlie ton of a tory. and the ap- 
pearance of a raw boy not more than 18 or 19 
years old. Hit Cither, he said, had received 
Very ill treatment from the American army, and 
lie had also shared with his father in the abuse 
f >r rot eiipiK*Q' i^ ^^® rebellion afraiost the 
Britisli fcovernment. . . . We doubted not 
thu truth of his statement, nor folt disposed to 
quei>iion, but that he received very severe 
trccitmoni, and more especially when the stition 
in which he was found was taken into consi«I- 
eration. .* . . I nhcritiug from his father all 
the qualities of a knave ; . . . in short, he 
was wine to do eviL . . . Kmuciated coun- 
teiiancos, scars and impediment of spci'ch, were 
the viMible marks of tlie K;ivatce snd mhnman 
treatment ... of M*Kelpiu. He tarried 
not long on the island. . . . when another 
took his office. . . . who . . . restored 
trsinquility among the prisoners, and recoticil- 
list ion between tliem and the guard. Could I 
re<H)llect the name of this pvrson, I would pre- 
sent him to the public as a character worthy of 
imitation, and as ** peacemakers shall be called 
the children of Goi.** I think I am authorizt*d 
by the Holy Scri;>tures to call him by that dig- 
nified and honomble title. . . . 

In seed-time we were allowed ... to 
sow g:irden seeds and pUnt com. . . . 
But fearing that the afflictions we had once re- 
ceived would again bi* laid upon us, many chose 
to hazard their lives by an attempt to swim 
down the rapidt Some thus succeeded in mak- 
ing their escape, while others plunged them- 
selves into the jaws of death. This caused the 
confinement of all who were left behind. Tlie 
British now set about eucompasi^ing our bar^ 
rack< with pickets. . . . Dit^covering what 
they were about to do. several of the prisoners, 
among whom I was myK'lf one, resolved to make 
our osca)H* before they had completed the bar* 
racnde which voutd deprive us of the liberty 
of the ii^land. We . . . collected some logs 
t(»gviher on tlie lower p-«rt of the island for a 
raAf carried aome provisions, . . . tt^ereted 
it near the k>g^ and at au hour when we sup- 
posed all were at rest, we started, but had not 
gone £ir wlien we espiod one of the soldiers 
upon the bank of tha river. . • , We tlien 
ivtumed to our batvacki. Our attempt to et- 
oape now bocamo known to some of our fellow 
prisoners . . . who betrayed our otject . 
. . Having these suspicions, we Improved an 
opporttauiij lo bring back our provision^ and 

the next day gave proof that our Buspictona 
were well founded, aa they went and rolled all 
the logs off that part of the isUnd. We still 
were determined ... to efTi'Ct our escape. 
. . . We sought, but sought in vain Time 
rolled away, till we found ourselves enclosed 
with pickets: ... not allowed to gu with- 
out this enclosure unattended by the guard, aiyl 
tliat, too, in the daytime only. . . . 

Tlie yard which was surroumled by the pick> 
ets was about 10 or 15 rods wide, and nearly 
40 rods long, extending lengthwise of the 
stream. They completed the yard sometime in 
tlie month of July, 1782. . . . 

Having long been flattered with the prospect 
of being soon set at liberty, and Hbtcovering an 
intention among the guard, privately to a.<«sas- 
siuuie some unknown number of us, we resolved 

to make anotlier attempt to effect our escape. * 

• • a 

Our plan was to dix a paAsage under ground 
that should extend beyoud the pickets, which 
stood about 20 feet fri>m the barr;icks. . . . 

Fearing the consequences of racking our ob- 
ject known to the prisoners geuerally, we de- 
termined to keep it a profound secret to all, 
exci'pt the number who belongod to our mom, 
coiiiiistiiig of twelve. Acct»rdingly we took up 
the flu'jr, both of the bunk and the barrack, 
and commenced digging. . . . 

We had no other tool to dig with except a 
large jaek-knifc, . . . and like the animal 
that makes his abode in the bosom of the earth, 
. . . after wo had du;r a quantity of the 
earth loose, so that we had no room to dig 
more, we returned backwards, drawin^r or scrap, 
ing the dirt we had Uug, with our hands and 
arms after us, which we put under the floor of 
the barracks. 

Our pntgress . . . was very slow, though 
some of us kept con.*<tantly di>rging. except in 
the hours of sleep and time of Uskii-g refre:»h* 
men:, having a dress . . . whicli ench one 
wore while at work in this dreary c;ivem. We 
succeeded . . . extremely well . . . 
till we had cVg under the ditch. . . . when 
a heavy rain Tell and filU-d the ditch full of wa- 
ter, which soaked through the ground . . . 
and filled tlie hole we hnd dug completely fuU. 
This W.1S truly a gr^at misfortune, which 
damped the feeling* of every one. . . . 
It now became impossible any longer to keep 
the matter secret, as we had done. * We there- 
fore made known our objert to all the pris- 
oners who were stationed in our line of oar- 
racks, receiving their . . . rrorai»«t* not 
to divulge the secret to any of the j»ri?oner8 
who were f^tationed in the other line of bar- 
racks — although few would a<«*<ist us, consid- 
ering it labor in vain, we resolved to pers^evere. 
. . . We dipped MX barrel.4 full and emptied 
into the ditch, beside a considerable quantity 
which we put into a clay nit under the bar- 
racks. . . . The guara no doubt iiup|»0](^ 
we were washing, or they would have *«*• 
]>ected us. Vain would be the attempt to 
give a description of ray feelings while at wo'k 
m this dreary cavern, 20 feet under ground, 
wholly without clothing, half buried m mud, 
and struggling for liberty. • 


Arrived to the picke^ we found it wm placed 
opon a UrsA viODe. We then dug to the right, 
where we K>und another, . . . turning to 
tlie If ft we found alfo a thirl, all which teemed 
to dim;ourage mr fellow lahoreri. • ,. , . 
But bving in perfect health and good iipirit* 
my«elf. I went in with a determination to 
remove one of the^e oh^taclei. if poiiKihle. 
bc'fore I returned. . . . After laboring . 
. . two houru. I succeeded, . . . and to 
my great ioy, fonnd tliat the picket was hol- 
low up a few inches above the ground, which 
emitted li((ht into this before (;loomy, but 
DOW delightful place, ... I then returned 
and informed my fellow- prisoner*, . . . 
which . . . put vigor into every breast. 

The work was now pro«4)cuted in earnest, 
and (>oon complet^^l. .\niraated at ths pro9- 
y*izt of gainins our liberty, the dne who dug 
la5t undt'signedly broke tiirough the grouna. 
and rendered the hole visible to any perison 
who should happen to pa^v on the ouiriide of 
the picket*. It now* became necestsary to de- 
vise a plan to secrete the hole. Mr. Belknap. 
one of our fellow- pri9oner*, went to the guard 
and . . . represented to M'D.iniel the 
hille prospect we had of beir\^ exchanged, . 
. . that under thc^e con^ideraiion;!, the 
pri^on^rs were resolved to be coni«'nte<l dur- 
in;» their confinement on the island. . . . 
Consequently we desired the indulgence of 
ftn opportunity to »ecurc all our gardc-n-seeda, 
some of which . . . were then ripe. . . 
. ri«%x^d with the idea that the pri.<<oner« 
wtre r»'8olve«l to be submissive to his require- 
mrntj*, ho readily ordered one of the guard to 
go and attend us wjiile we gathered our let- 
tu<^e and mustard. . . . Having cut up 
and tied in small bundlf^ these vegetables, we 
j>:ocecd<*d to hang them up hO as to fill the 
Pj-ace b'ftwecn the pick«ts, and a,Uo jdace them 
over the hole we had dug. to hide our escj<^)e 
frota the sight of the sentinel, who walked 
over the hole betwe-n the picketa and the 
barracks in which we were stationed. This 
▼e accomplished, while our un-^uspecling at- 
t^ndaat was lounging about at a distance from 


Knowing that we must . . . take dif- 
ftreai rafia, ... to render our pas^a^je 
<j >wa the rapids more safe, we now made 
doice of our a<><ociate8. I associated my- 
^•'.f with William Clark, of Virginia, John 
J^prague, of BalUton, X. Y.. and Simeon Bel 
^naj.. of Randolph, Vt. We had prepared 
F >:ne food by taking . . . flour and mix- 
•i^g it with melted butter, which We put into 
& Fmall bag. . . . We had aUo a little 
'•iU i»ork and 'bread, together with some 
{•archf-d corn and black pepper. Those of us 
^lio had previously^ been engaged in digging, 
•-»1 previously furuii^hed oursolves with roj>es, 
"}' cutting our blankets into string'^ and twist- 
j^g them together; while thoste who had be- 
haved our attempt to be vain and foolish had 
tifither provided themselves with provisions, 
fo\^. nor materials for % raft, and were there- 
mt anable to improve theroi>|K>rtuniiy . . 
• to e.4caj»e. But they coula not forbear col* 


lecting to small companies . and 

whispering together to devise plana. . . • 
which raiaed suspicions in the minds of th« 
guard ; . . . and M'Daniel ordered thai 
if any prisoner should be found attempting to 
make his c«cape, . . that night, he should 
not be spared alive. We commen^d digging 
on the 21th of August, 1792. ... On 
the 10th of September following, ... af- 
ter waiting till 9 o'clock, when the roll was 
called and all was still, we tied our ropes to 
our p.vks and crawled out, drawing our packs 
after us. I was preceded b? six of my fel* 
low prisoners, who, after crawling through ths 
hole, which nearly half filled with mud, 
made a path in the gra.^ »s they crawled down 
the banks of the river, which resembled that 
of a log ha vine been drawn through th^ mud. 

The moon shone bright. The sentinel was 
walking directly across the bole just as 1 was 
about to crawl out, when he cried out, ** All's 
well!'* Thought I, **Be it so; continue the 
cry it you plea<e." My head at tliis time was 
not more than a yard from his feet I crawled 
on and was followed by about 20 more, who 
were our fellow laborers. 

As we had been allowed to go oat of oar 
enclosure in the day-time to hoe our corn and 
garden roots and get our wood, attended by 
one of the guard, we had . x • selected 
^ome logs for a raft, to which we could go 
without diifioulty. Clark, Belknap, Spragu« 
and myself, now separated ourselves from the 

We took a large seal ping-knife, . . • 
poi'ket-compaas, ' . . . tinder-box and firo-> 
works. We roll-^d a large log into the river, 
on the up]>er part of the north side of the is- 
land, on each side of which we placed anothers 
then putting sticks across both ends, . . . 
underneath and on the upper side, . . . w« 
tied all of them together with our blanket- 
rof>es. and fastening our packs tliereon, . . 

sat one on each corner, and set sail down 
the rapids : . . • sometimes floating over 
rocks, sometimes buried lu the water, with lit- 
tle hope of again being carried out alive, w% 
pa.Me<i down the raging stream witli tlie great- 
est rapidity, . . . clinsing to our logs, . 
. . seu'^ible that, under tlie guidance of di- 
vine Providence, our only ground of hopo 
rested in our adheiiion to the raft. 

We pas(ied down the river about 9 miles, 
when we were enable<l to reach shore. Wf 
landed on the nortli side of the river about 
two hours liel'ore day, without a dry thread 
in our clothes, chilfea with the cold and trem- 
bling with fear. . . . None of our pro- 
visions remaine*! fit to carry with us except % 
little parchfxi <:orn, which was in a small 
wooden bottle, some salt pork and our but- 
tt-red flour, which we found to be water- prool 
Our compa-ts was aUo rendered u«ele«s. « • 
We marched up the river till day-break, 
when we discovered that we were near the 
fort opposite tlie i««Und We then turned 
north into the wood«, which led us into ft 
swamp, where we encam|»ed under some old 
' tree topit, • . • about a mi Is from the fort 

* ^ - 


. 1 





t t 

• ■ 




which formed DOnhMter from raio, but merely 
hid OS from onr expected porsuen. We plain 
ly be»rd the report of the ularm gant on the 
morniug of the lUh of September. . . . 
We reiuained uoder the^te tree-ton^ three day^ 
aod two nights, without going lO rods from 
the place. ... It rained, with a mixture 
of ftnow, every day and ni^ht sufficiently to 
keep uii compieU;ly wet all the time. . . . 

We were determined to replenish our stores 
before we crossed the river St. Lawrence, as 
there were but few settlements on the south 
side of the river, in that part of the country. 
We were therefore under tne nec«fssiiy of stay- 
ing about there till they had done searching 
for us. 

On the morning of the lUh. benumbed with 
the cold, we found a place where we forded 
the stream, . *. . and traveled till we caiue 
to another, and by inii^taking the former, we 
supposed this to •»mpty itself into the river 
above the fort. We followed the curr«*nt of 
this stream till about dark, when we came in 
sight of the settlement After waiting till 
ahout 9 o'clock at night, we ventured to ap- 
proa^-h a liiilc nearer — when, to our utt^r as- 
toni>ihment. we heard the drum, whieh 

fave u^ a!«!Kurance that we were near the fort, 
'inding ourselves so, we conluded to 
cra<(s the plrcara at the nearest fording place. 
In pa«sini;off we went throui»h the command- 
ing otBc<>r's garden, and I pulled up a hill of 
potatoes, and carried them along with me. 

We then went into the road und followed 
up the river St. Lawrence. ... At length 
we came to a number of cattle in a field, . 
. . where we found a two-year-old heifer. 
▼ery lame, and iir good flesh. , . . We 
agreed that Heikna|> should go in search of 
a boat to convey us over the Lake St. Franci«, 
near which we found the cattle ; that Spracue 
should stand with our scalping knife to d«'tend 
again>t every foe; while Clark and myself 
should kill the heifer. . . . Belknap )>ad 
now returned and informed us he had 
iound a boat, to which we immediatelv re 
sorted, carrying with us our uni^kinned beef. 
• . . Having entered the boat, the moon 
shining bright, we set out upon the lake. . 
. . We had advanced but little when a 
breeze arose . . . and drifted ns with 
great violence. ... It now became nec- 
essary that two of us should dip the water 
from our boat witti our hst< at fa«t as po-tsi- 
ble. while the other two rowed for the shore. 
. . . Through the wonderful goodness of 
the great Preserver of men. we succeeded in 
landing just as our boat had filled with water. 
. . . We went into the woods, struck up a 
fire and skinned our beef, . . . which we 
partially roasted. . . . This was the iirst 
time we had been to any fire since we left 
Prison Island : . . . 'during the space of 
four days and fivt nights. . . . 

The oth day, . . . happily we found . 
. . . that wf were QfK>n % peninsula, 
joined to the main land by an istnmut not 
acre than S or 10 feet wide. This was a cir- 
oomatAnot greatly ia our favor, m wt should 

otherwise have been under the necessity of 
exposing ourselves to the .view of oor enemies, 
or waiting for the night to Cover our escape. 

We now set out. direi-ting our course nearly 
S. E., for the American fort at Pittsford. a 
town situated on the Otter Creek, in the 
western part of the State of Vermont. 

Our companion, Mr. Clark, had been ranch 
accu.'^tomed to traveling in the wood*. hnvint» 
been engaged ... in surveying in tlje 
western part of the United States at the time 
he wa^ taken by the Indians. We ther-^fore 
chose him to be our leader through the wilder- 
ne-*^. . . . 

We traveled all the first dav, ... un- 
able to find any water to drink. . . . The 
next day we found water in great plenty. . 
. . We croj»«ed many streams : . .' . >ome 
by fording, although of !»uch depth as to re.vh 
our shoulders : other'* we cro!*sed by. making 
a small raft sufficient to bear one of ns with 
our bapg.ige, while the other three strip|»ed, 
and hanging by one band to the raft, swam 
by her side. 

' After wandering in the wilderness during 
the space of 10 days, ... we arrived st 
Chaniplain wiilipoiir clothes nearly torn from 
our bodies, emaciated with hunger. . , . 
. We found a part of an old flat- hot tom^'d 
boat, which we fitted . . . by la^lntig a 
log on each .«ide. . . . About pan««'t ^ot 
nail to cro)5S the lake. We had proce*'!-*'! 
nearly halfway acro?«, when the wind aro*?. 
. . . Afterlaboring till about midnig^it. . 
. . fearing we should be taken bv the P.rit- 
ish if we remained on the w.iter till light. \r* 
conclud«*d to row back to the shore we h^>\ 
left, and relinquish the idea of cro.«^ing ib" 
lake that night. Wo labored . . . with 
. . . all our might till daybreak, having 
nothing to use for oars except such ^U^k^ as 
wo' found in the woods, and Wepared for the 
pnrf»o-*e with a jackknife. Our cloth*** w«'re 
completely wet. and our Ftrengthso far ^'ooe 
that n«-ith'er of u« could .scarcely go. In ihi^ 
wretched state, ^stupefied and chilled wi»li i';^ 
cold, so faint and tired that we could harllv 
move, we crept a few rods into the woods, b'lilt 
a fire and laid down upon the ground. I n^r- 
er suffered so much fatigue in the sain**^!*?!*? 
of time, a.* I did this night, . . . We Inl 
hut little provision left, and were comi* 11 -l 
to curtail our former allowance. ... 

Having re.'»ted from the wearisome an*! fru.t- 
le.«s labors* of the night till nearly sun*ei x\^ 
next day, wo resolved to travel on the we-t 
side of the lake till we should come to a nar- 
row place where we could w»-ll hope . . . lo 
cross. . , . We traveled a lew mile?, 
. . then camped down. The next d-iy we 
came to the river Saranac. which emptie- in: ) 
Lake Champlain at a pla^e now called Plait*- 
burgh, in the State of New York. We heari 
the noise of the British engaged in chopjin: 
a few rods up the river ; while we cro^^l it 
between them and the lake, not far from it« 
month. ... We followed np the Iskt 
upon the western shore ; crot-ed Duck Cn-^-t, 
Biveraa-Sable. Sidmon River and OiUil*o«^* 




Vt-ek, when we came to a place called Split 
locV, where the river it narrow. . . . We 
hen went to work to build a raft, and while 
;L>;a};ed a little before sunset, ei*pied a British 
irmed vi^^el making toward ut from the 
^uth. We went into the bashes and lay se- 
Tt'ied from their view, though they were so 
risible to us that we could see Uieir red coats, 
ind even count the buttons unon them, while 
h^y sailed around at a small distance from 
IS. ApjiArently for amusement, and then re- 
.'irnea again to the south, out of our sight, 
iriihout discovering us. We then went to 
A-ork, comt>leted our raft at dark, set sail 
loros.'t the lake, and safely landed in a few 
nuTS at a place now called Charlotte, in the 
Mate ol Vermont We were isnnrant, how- 
jver, at that time, . . . of the place, . 
being vet in a strange wilderness, wo 
^uew not wnich way to direct our courM to 
reacii inhabitants. Indeed, all that prompted 
Hi* to Ro forward was the information we nad 
received that there were settlements near 
^oiA«^ part of thiJ lake. . . . 

In tlie morning we resumed our march, and 
La<l not gone far before we came to an old 
lo^ bouse which ha<l long been abandoned. . 
. . Wo however found a few beans, . . . 
covered with mould. ... we took and 
|>"arvlji'd them ... by the fire, which 
p.ive Home relish to the twigs, root* and ber- 
ri.:> that had already, for several days, com- 
pO'e 1 our principal food. . . . 

Parts of our stockings still remained, . . 
. an] having a nec^ile, but no thread, . . . 
wc ravelled off iho tops of them and sewed 
ojr tait'-r^Hl rags tog»^iher as much as pos.<ible. 
. . . Our daily allowance of the food we bro«jj;ht with us from Prison Island was 
now reduced to about an inch sauarc of salt 
y'f«rk. and as much of our buiterea flour as we 
r 'uH twice j»ut upon the point of a large jack- 
taife ... 

We 'lug roots of various kinds and ate them, 
t ';;»;her with birch and other twigs. Spikc- 
OiM roots, which we roa^^ted by the fire, com- 
jri^v i the greatest part of our subsistence. . 
• . We . . . continued to keep a S. E. 
'0 irK? till we reached ilie top of the mount- 
»-Gt lying between Onion Kiver and Otter 
^-' ••»; ; wYicn, looking back, we could see the 
•>iU- in fair view. Being so faint for want of 
f^>v> 1 iliat we could hardly step, and seeing no 
) r<>^|*ect of obtaining any, it seemed as if 
'i^-aih must be our inevitable fate. . . . 

Tbe barren mountains and rocky cliffy of 

Bn>tol, llipton and Hancock . . . wit- 

in-^-M-d the cries of our sufferings, while our 

^'••j»» irac«^d in blood the distress we endured. 

We wandered from mountain to mountain, 

ind fr^ valley to valley, keeping at a dis- 

t3n>.> from the lake, lest we should fall into 

til* hands of the British, who had command 

I <»' the lake at that time. . . . 

i S«.Ting no prospect of ever finding the hab- 

lUiioLs of friends, . . . Clark and Sprasua 

^:' • . resolvod to return to the lake, if thoy 

I coal,] got there, and deliver themselves up into 

liit h^nds of the British. They wert both 

possessed of tme coarage and a nobU. geo«r- 
oos spirit ; but they were wholly ignorant of 
theconntiV east of Lake ChampUin. and cob- 
seauentlyliad less to encourage them, than 
Belknap and myself. They were ** an willing,** 
said they, '* that we ihonld either return or 
remain with them, if we could ever reach in- 
habitants. But to f*o forward was apparent 
death, even if inhabitants might be found by 
two or three days travel ; ^as we are so weak 
we can hardly go, and still growing weaker.** 
They requested us to leave them to be food for 
wildi beasts, or prey to an exasperated foe; 
but the tender feelings of human sensibility 
forbade us, . . • and Belknap and myself 
persuaded them to persevere and remain with 
us to the end. by dealing out to ihem an extra 
allowance of provision, on condition that I 
should take the lead and bo their pilot; to 
which I consented. . . • 

We encamped till morning, when we con- 
cluded to change our course and ste<»r nearly 
a 8. S. westerly dir<H^tion. We travele*! on 
moderately, fearful of the event, till about 
noon, when, being some rods forward of my 
companions, I was so fortunate as to come to 
a road, . . . which occasioned transports 
of joy, gla Idcne^l their hearts and invigorated 
their bo<lies. . . . We traveled on Uie 
road with joy and delight . . . We soon 
c.ime in si^ht of an old horse and an old 
mare with a sucking colt by her side. As 
they were in a valley some distance from the 
road, we concluded not to go after them, hop- 
ing soon to find inhabitants, where we should 
he enatileil al»o to find friends. . . . We 
therefore traveled on. . , . 

As it bei;an to draw near sunset, and seeing 
no pros{>eot of finding inhabitants that night, 
we resolved to return to the place-where we . 
. . found the walls of an old log-house.— 
Clark and mvself went and procured the 
horses and t^ie colt, while Belknap and 
Spr.i>(uo struck up a fire and built a camp.— 
Having returned with the horses and confined 
them in the old log-house, we killed and 
dressed the colt and roasted some of the meat 
upon sticks by the fire and ate it; and surely 
"It wa5 pleasant to the taste.*' Indeed, I 
neyer ate any meat of so delicious a flavor, 
although without bread, salt, or sauc« of any 

Tlie next morning we started with our old 
horse and coltless mare and traveled till after 
the middle of the day, when we came to tba 
place we pa^<;ed about noon the day preced- 
ing. . . . Being lost, . . . ana as tht 
sun had been invisible to qs for several dayi, 
we concluded to tarry there through the day, 
. . . bojiing the sun would ris« clear. . 

While we were patrolling about the fields, 
which appeared] to have been unoccupied and 
but jiartially cultivated during Hie long war, 
we found a large yard of turnips. We then 
prepared our camp, built a fire, and having 
procured some turnips kept . . . roasting 
them successively, througb the nieht • . « 
Aa we had long, ... not only boen dm* 

t 4 ••- 

♦ '. ^'■ 

K.' ■ 


t * . 

♦ :• 

» . * j 

1 i ■ . 1 

■ % ; - • 

t • • .■ 

: ^ I ■ • 

* • . * 

* . 


w > 

. .i. 



. '% 

4 1 


titute of bread and meat, but wholl j deprived 
of evety cultivated vegotaKle. we were coflT- 
scioot that it would l>e injurionn and even 
dangerous to eat all we might crave for the 
nigiit. We thereft>re cho»e to sat iate our hun- 

{(er in a measure by piocemeaU, while we iru- 
y feA^ted upon that kind of fare which was, 
undoubtedly, of all kinds of fo«>d, the best 
adapted to our wretched con«lition and crav- 
ing appetites. In the morning . . . >he 
sun ro^ to every one of us, directly in the 
'wesL . . . We took our hordes and director! 
our course according to the sun, di^i metrically 
against our own ideas of the true |K)int of 
coiupas.4. We had not proceeded far when we 
came to three other honies, which we took, 
leaving the old mare for the benefit of the 
owner. • . . 

About noon we came \o a man chopping in 
the Woods. Seeing US all on horscbaok with 
bark bridles and no saddles, having on coats 
made of Indian blanket*, which were all in 
ragrf. With beards an inch long, and each one 
of US armed with a cudgel, the tremblinc 
wood-cutter stood . . . with hi9 axe raise*! 
abovehisshoulder, dre:idingourap]iroiich, but 
fearing to try his succ*iss in an attempt to es- 
cape ; while we drew near, rejoicing that we 
had once more arrived where we could behold 
the face of one whose hand should not be 
againtit us. . . . Wts were not much sur- 
pruned, though very sorry, to find our friend 
00 grievouf'ly alarmed, while we only desired 
his friendship. We informed him of our 
wretched condition, and liesought him to be 
our friend, with tears of joy and tenderness 
trickling down our emaciated cheeks. Find- 
ing we Were not his enemies, . . . bursting 
into tears of sympathy at the short relation 
we gave hitii of our sulTerin^s, he invited us 
to go witli him and l»e would lead us to Pitts- 
ford Fort, which was only about one mile 
distant. . . . 

Wo soon arrived at the fori, . • • were 
treated with every res[>eci due to our wretch - 
ednes!4 and want ; . . . vet I could not 
forbear to notice with pain, that cold indiffer- 
ence for tlie miseries of others, commonly 
observable in those who h.ive been long fa- 
miliar with scenes of wrvtvhedness and woe, 
which was manifested by some, and especial* 
ly by the commander ol the fort, on our ar- 
rival. , . . 

Kot long after we arrived at the fort the 
owners of the horres came un, carrying their 
saddles upon their backs. They hati been out 
. . . surveyiug land, and had turned out 
tlieir horses to 2et^. After hearing a short ac- 
count of our sutferingt. . . . tuey readily 
replied with seeming compassion, that they 
were only sorry we had not been so fortunate 
AS to find their aaddlt« likewise. 

After wandering in the wilderness 22 days, 
we arrived at the lort, the 2d day of Oct., 17^2. 
. . . Who can tf*ll our joy and Kr^titude 
when we came .to behold a '*city of babit*- 
iiuD*' and the abodes of plenty 7 

Instead of making our bed upon the cold 
ground, with our olothus wut and oar bodies 

benumbed, we could now •njov sweet repcse 
by the fireside, sheltered ffom storms and sur- 
rounded with friends. Instead of fe*'ding 
U{>on frog* and the s|>ontaneous growth of 
an unculiiVHte«l nature, sub<iisting on roots, 
twig-t and bark, we could now taste the fruiu 
of Ubor and industry, and fe^vst upon the 
bounties of Heaven. Instead of wandering 
through a louely wilderness with our ciie^ki 
wet with tears of «orrow, almo.<t overwhelmed 
with despair, we could now travel through a 
country of civilization free from enemies, and 
receive suj>pori fnim the hand of charity. 

Alter sharing in the benevolence of many 
individuals, and receiving every token of 
friendship from the garrison, ... as they 
were exiKHiting soon to be attacked hv the 
British, we were advised to travel on siifl fur- 
ther that night, that we might be the more sale 
from the grasp of the enemy. 

We therefore proceede«J on towards Rutlan'l 
several mile^, when we obtained lodgings in 
the house of a ** poor widow,** who furnishcl 
us with the best lood her liouse afforded, . . 
. a full supply of good wheat bread. . . . 
It lay like lead in our stomachs, and cau«"d 
us the most agonizing distrc*.-* for some houm, 
while wo rolled U}»on tlie floor wiili br.tur 
groanings, although we had denied ourftflvoj 
the satisfaction oi eating the half of what 
our appetites craved. . . . 

In a few days we arrived at Bennington, . 
. . where we were employed till we h:id ac- 
quirs'l, ny our own labor an! the bcnevoN'O.e 
of others, feomc money suifioicnt to enr^ble u< 
to prosecute our journey to Connecticut. . . . 

Asi^i^ted by the hand of charity anl br 
means of occ;isional labor on the way, wa 
were enabled to reach our friends. B-»n^ 
destined to different places, our corapa'ii'JU';, 
Clark and Sprague, separated from us at Btn- 
nington. fiy a mutual participation of suf- 
ferings, we had acquired that affociion for eaoh 

other which will remain, I trust, till death. * 

• • * 

Belknap and I continued our course tog-tb- 
er to Ellington, in Connecticut, where 
friends resided. We arrived there on the ITiii 
of Oct., 1782, being just 2 years from tlie day 

I was taken by the Indians at Randolph. * 

• • * 

Truly, our fathers, " seeing us while yH % 
great way off, ran and fell upon our nvc'ii 
and kissed us." . . . Behold a kind ftiih r 
in tears of joy, and a tender step-mother* kini* 
ly embracing the subject of her huHband'^ f >r- 
mer grief, but pri^ent delight. ... J^*^ 
brothert and sisters surrounding the returuvi 

brother. . . . Think of the festivities of 
that evening, when I could again enjoy a ^•-•t* 
in a social circle of friends and acQuaininnc-4 
around the fireside in my father • bouse. • 
■ . • 

I have never had the satisfaction to betr 
from either of my friends and fellow-suffcrtrs 

^ Mj o«ni motb*r 4le4 wblls I wm qalu yonug. ^ 
mj fsllMf luwl marrM m^u to m »»tiMn p (Mm m »ltkg U« 
kiii4Ml affvctlutt aii4 lU« aiMt •uiloariaf Iwtm. 

1 ) 

* - 



t . 

Cl^rk Aod Sprigae. linct I pmrUj with them 
%i BennifiKtoD. Mr. Belknap now ]ivM in 
lUnlolph, Vt. ; and, from the tad experience 
of the like fufferingt himself and his partici- 
piitton in my own, can witness to the truth of 
mv •t»tement Let not the preservation of my 
life through such a train of dangers he attrih- 
utfd to mere chance; but let the praise be 
gix^'Q to " God our Rock, and the high Ood 
oor Redeemer." 

In Sc|»lember previous to my escape, a 
trc.ity of peace was conclnded between Ureat 
Britain and the United Stales at ^ari^ the 
glnd news of which r^^ached America not long 
aA«»r my return, which occasioned the release 
of tlie remainder of the pri>oncrs who were 
confined upon rrifon Island. 

As the war had now terminate, my return 
to Randolph would not be attended with the 
danj^er of neing a^ain made capiiv.e by the 
In«hans; which induce*! me, the spring follow- 
in <z. to go to that place and rej«ume my settle* 

On my arrlral thfire I found my bouse waa 
dcrnolished. ... I wont to work and erect- 
ed a louse upon the same spot^ into whicli my 
Cith'T. shortly aHorward. moved his f:imily. 

Here my (hther lived by cultivating that aoi] 
which had borne the bruraJ bind to my un- 
welcome door, till April, 1812, when he died at 
tl..- good old age of 76 Here he has spent 
matjy a winter's evoninfir in reheaming the 
moiirnful tjile of my ** captivity and sufferings" 
to his friends and acquatnunce. 

Gi-nerous and liospi tabic by nature, and hav- 
i-.p Iwen taugfit by my sufforitips to feci for the 
n-jily. he was ever rady t<» extend the hand 
of charity to relieve their «lis:r«S'»<»s. His hmiso, 
always the abode of plenty, w^s an asrltim for 
the naked and forionu an aoct'ptablo liotne to 
tljo poor and wretched. Alwars exhibiting a 
sen«e of what sufferings I had undergone for 
Willi of food, he seemed in nothing to be more 
do!i-}»ted. than -Mo feeil the huncry and clothe 
the naked." My loving and aged step mother, 
wji'. one of her sons, (a half brother of mmc,) 
tonr lives on the same farm. 

In the winter of 1785 I waa married to Han. 
nah Shurilifl: of Tolland, Ct, and settled at 
Ri!»aolph not far from my Other's house, where 
I ft Mded 8 years, whon I pMrchasod a (arm and 
Amoved to Brookfleld. a town adjoining. 

^hn I have resided until the present time, 
(1810,) and obtained my own subsinei.oe and 
thai of my numerous lamilv br means of culti- 
t •fin? the soil By a steady cours^o of industry 
•ni economy. I have been enahled, under the 
d'vine blessing, to acquire a comfortable imp- 
FJ1 and enjoy the fruits of my labors in quiet- 
w 1" and peaoo. As my occupation was that of 
• tinner, my opportunities for information, likej 
''^'5»e of many others of my dassi have been 

My Cimily, not unlike Job's, consists of aereD 
JJ>J»s and throe daughters, nor have I reason to 
UiMk my affl ctlons much Inferior to his. Al- 
t'O'urh death has never been permitted toontor 
"»r dwelling and Uke any of my family. . . . 

My own tuiTeringt bav« impbuted within mj 

breast thai sympathy iur tlM dtstrtMsed wlkiob 
ia beuer feH than dcicHbed. Kakodneaa and 
poverty have once becu my oompaui«iiia: and I 
shall not readily forget to lend a listeuing eilr 
to the criea of tha needy. . • • 

LiKts eoMrousBT Sa»ock Btssu, TBS ijmAii Carav^ 

OS acriKvixa ai* CArrjTiTi. 

F^vm the finA tditiom oftU*" Indiam Captim* 

page 139. 

TTb^a I •onrej mj mi««rtM o*«r, 
Tb« r«coll«rtlott wonoda my bMrt! 

TTIivB all mj Dtrp* vert Uaccd in guri^ 
Ad4 1 VM Aoomt^ to fe«l Um mart. 

Wbea Mr* opprwMed by viek«4 kud^ 
Abiio>«4 I«j buBgrr, racked vrlth pala, 

Mjr limb* coafliifd vitli Iroa hmnit. 
To 4i« I well mlflit cooBt bij gala. 

Wb^B fllthx Termin broko my root, 

XmAfvd npoa my liuigatd franus 
What paiM «rer« Ml wiihln my brooat I 

Dot mea vrrr drnt to |ilty*s claiau 

WImhi I %rw bvriod Ib tb«> df^ 
A*td woteni oVr my li«od did roll, 

Ity Iki|*o vm •troBfC tbot Cltrlnt would koey 
Aad kindly mto Biy gnilty mmL 
181«i or b«A>ro. 


JUXE, \b\0. 


Numm of prmdon^r* for r*T* 
olationiiry or miliury nor- 


David Grow, 
Olive Carpenter, 
Deborah Carlisle, 
Henry Blodgett, 

KoBiM of fumlllMi virb 
whom pmikion«Ti rv«ld> 

Ages. «d, Jane 1, lS4a 

78 David Grow. 
83 George Carpenter. 
81 Michael Carlisle. 
80 Henrj- Blodgett. 

Chauncy Jj. Temple, 38 Chuuncy L. Temple. 

Nathan Nye, 
Ruth Kibbee, 
William Corley, 
Lydia Wales, 
Huldah Weston. 

7ft Perley Orcott. 

80 Ruth Kibbee. 
74 Alpheus Corley. 

81 Anson Wales. 
73 Edman Weston. 

Benjamin Blodgett, 81 Joseph Blodgett^ 
Levi Wilder, 81 Levi Wilder. 

Benj. Woodworth, 84 William Woodwarth 
Dyer Hebard, 83 Simeon Bootha. 

Stephen Herrick. 80 L. D. Herrict 
Isaac Thayr, 76 J. C. Thayr. 

Elisabeth Martin, 74 Joshua Martin. 
Joseph Hohart, 84 Jonathan Hobart 
Elisha Lilley, 76 Elisha Ijlley. 

John Mclntire, 79 Reuben Mclntira. 
Abner Washburn, 82 John Smith. 
iSarah Smith, 82 John Smith. 

Alvin Edaon, 43 Luther Edson. 

Jacob Cobb, 82 Jacob Cobb. 

/Vom U: 8. Cemua i>f Jtiuiojem 

Id the above list it is evident that Uie peo- 
sions of Chauncy L. Temple and Alvin Edsoa 
were for "military services/' or that thsf 





» . . - 





' . 





wttre not revolutionary pensioner*,* For sol- 
dien of 1812, see papers of Hon. J. E. Parish. 

Died. In Randolph, Maj 12, 1848, Capt 
Samuel Upbam, a revolutionary peniuoner, 
aged 85 years. He was the father of the 
Uon. William Upham, U. S. Senator. — Tea- 
mani Record, 

Names of the pertons taken or killed m Ou raid 
of the Indians upon RoyaUon, 

Zadock Steele, Experience Davis, Elias Cur- 
tit. J. ParkS) Moses Parsons, Simuel Pember, 
taken at Randolph, Simeon Belknap, taken it 
Randolph, now living in Randolpli; Joseph 
Koeeland, killed at the encampment at Ran- 
dolph, Giles Gibb^ kiUed at Randolph." 

RaXDOLPH BOLL OP 1S61 — *65. 

Soldiers furnished by the Town of Randolph for the defense of our Country, and the sop- 

presiiion of the slaveholders' rebellion — showing the age of each, the time of enlistment, 

and subsequent history, as far as known. 


Second Regiment 
Age, DaUqf £n1UL Ck, , Bldorg. 

24 Sept 9, 1861. F Deserted Sept 7. 1863. 
35 Aug. 9. '62. E Died Dec. 27, '64. 

Mut^tered out of service June 26, *65. 

Discharged Jan. 19, '(iS. 

Belcher, Henrv H. 
BilK Allen ' 
Bills, Franklin 
Clark. Wm. H. 
Goodicin, Charles C. 
Green, Mark 
Pember Daniel B. 

37 •• 6. 

20 May 10, 'ei. 

20 June. 

21 May 13, 

28 June 1, 

29 Apr. 22. 

Quade, Charles 

RichardFon. George M. 22 ^^* 26, 

Smith. Edward If. 24 Sept. 10, 

Waterman, Elliston 

Whitnev, Albert 



Wood, Oeorge E. 

Adams, Wro. H. 
Clark, Geo. W. 
Gay. Porter K. 
Mo^vw, Rnfus L. 
Turner, Elibu C. 
Wardner, Oel« 

Allen, Lyman 
Dow, Charles 
E?an, John 
Morion, Willis W, 

21 Aug. 21. '62. 
34 Apr; 22, '61 


Dij»char«ed Aug. 15, '(52. 
Died Feb. 25. '62. 
Discharged Nov. 30. '62. 
March 10. *62. 

Quade, Thoe. J. Jr., 18 Jan. 1, '64. 

Prom. Corporal — re-enlifted Dec. 21, *63 ; des. 
Killed in action May 12. '64. [July 27, '61 
Mustered out of service June 19, *65. 
Discharged March 8, '63. 
Reenlisud Dec. 2l,'63— mu'd out July 15,'65. 

Third Regiment 

19 July 12, '61. G Deserted Aur. 25. '62. 

A P.e-enliFtedDec. 21, '63. mus. out Julyll, '65. 

B Mu.'*iered out of service July 11. '65. 

A Pro. Cor., do. S'gt mustered out Julj 11, '65. 

B Mnstored out of service July 11. *6o. 

" Died at Andersonville, Ga., Nov. 6, '64. 

Fourth Regiment 

40 Aug. 9, '64. E Discharged June 23, '65. 

B Descried. July 26,' '63. 
E Pro. Cor. June 19, '65. mus. out July 13, '65. 
K •• •• do Ser.. do 2 Lt Co. H Oct 20, '63. do 1 

Lt Co. C Aug. 9, '64, mus. out as 2 Lt Co. 

H Sept 30, '64. 
A Mustered out of service May 13, '65. 

18 Sept 18. 


18 Dec. 11, 


20 •• 12. 


18 " 11. 


32 *• 19, 


24 Dec 31. '62. 
20 Sept 7, '61. 

Sixth Regiment 

19 Oct 3, '61. 
21 " 9, " 
25 - 11, *• 

20 " 9, " 

Durkee, Daniel M. 

Durkee, Jess W. 

Penny, Oliver S. 

Tucker, Julius E. 

Wright Hubbard R. 30 Aug. 9. '62. 

Wright, Charles 18 Sept 12, '61. 

Fish, Alonzo L. 
Wright, Geo, P. 

Bell. David C. 
Bcroan, Samuel W. 
Benn«»tt Charles A. 
Brewster, Leroy 8. 
Buckley, James W. 
Craig, Samuel G. 8. 
^pias, Fabin 



B Re enlisted March 27, '64. Tr. to Co. H Oct. 16, 
" Died Feb. 12, '02. f'64. mus. out June 26. 'ti5. 
- Died June 12, '62. 
G Re enli.Mied Dec. 15, '63. mus. out May 23, '65. 

Mustered out of service June 13, '65. 

Discharged June 24, '62. 

Seventh Regiment 
22 Feb. 1. '62. K Died Aug. 17. '62. [27, '64. 

22 Jan. 25, " •* Re enlisted Feb. 16, '64, Pro. Hos. SUw. Oct 

Eighth Regiment 

21 Dec 26, '61. O Discharged June 6, '63 " 

Re- enlisted Jan. 5, '64. mus. out June 28, '65. 
Discharged June 16, '61 

39 •• 31, 

23 Jan. 24, '62. 

24 Dec 2, '61. 
26 " 14, •• 
32 Jan. 7. '62. 
18 Nov. 27, •«!. 






Capt. Died May 4, '63, at Opelousas, La. 
Re-en, Jan. 5. '64, Dii. Jnnt 13, '(». 



I , 




Eaton, Daniel W. 
Flint, Abner H. 



Goodwin, Edwin 30 Nov. 27, 

tJrave*, Geo. Henrr 18 Dec. 14. 

Hay ward. Almond B. 20 Nov. 27, 

ii»*rruk, Lacins C. 

iluU. Francis S. 

Hull. Fcli* F. 

Kinney, AMen B. 

I..inrA*-ier. Sclh H. 

Moulion. Wm. B. 

M< ad. John B. 

•• M 


21 " 21, 

33 Oct 6, 

OQ «• •• •• 

25 Dec. 2. •• 

44 " 23. - 

29 Jan. 24. •62. 
Capt. May 5, '63. 

Monlqomerr, Jds'n M. 26 Dec. 2. '61. 
l':*rkl.urft, Benj. F. 33 " 1, 
riumley, Win. D. 26 " 24, 

Farc'^nt. Johnson B. 27 " 14, '• 
.<; r.ijuc, Otho S. A. 22 Nov. 20, *• 
.<j.ra^ue. Tyler E. 18 Jan. 24. '62. 

Sullivan. John 34 Dec 10, 'Al. 

r.i'i^Ml, CharlwG. 18 Jan. 24, '62. 

T .0 ..r. M-ircpllni E. 18 Dec 2. '61.^t^r. CiK)rge 25 " 14. 

W. 1 h. Jauet 33 Nov. 20, 

Will.. a»arlcf R. 32 " 25. •• 

\V..,.H.ury. Dudley C. 20 Dec. 2, " 
\\'»r.u. Timothy N. 45 Jan. 22. '62. 

.\rn -M. Bonj. F. 
< .1 .. Henry H. 
I'.rlintf, Jo«oph 
♦ : ;» I. Shuhael 
.^o: M'OD. Henry S. 
I.iMlall. Elii»haN. 
1; ' i;:ipU, Charles 
K.'tiardu, True E. 
l' • !<ln, Joseph 
KrhnnJu. Georgt 

An:;.-!, Rafos 
A^lj. Francis 
^'irje^s, Seth 
1 :i!incry, Timothy 
\»-A^ O'rin J. 
•' ' l.ilo, Wheatley 
^^•^'1. Henry 
I^^^IU. RufusM. 
J 'r. James H. 
►}•!•>•, Matthew 
)y . .Iward. Wm. A., 
J^'^Mward. Wm. 0.^ 
J ■«-*. JohnE. 
I ''i^^ Elhanan 8. 
Mard» n. Riley H. 
^i -re, Henry H. 
>^iJth, Lorenzo D. 
^J- «ih. Royal C. 
lork, Georgt 

A94, AiSr ^ E^igL €k ifUh*^ 

20 Dm:. 2, *61. Pro. Cor. Nov. 1 , '63. Re en. Jan. 5, '64. ?r. 8er. 

July ]. '64. do 1 S. Mar. 1, '65. mos. oat 

June 28, '65. 
Pro. Cor. Jan. 5, *C4, do 1 Ser. July 4.'64, Re-en. 

Jan. 6. •G4. Pro. 2 Lt. Nov. 24, '64, must 

out June 28, *65. 
Mufiician. Diwrharged May 6. *63. 
Tr. to Signal CA>r\^ in *H2, mus. oat Juno, '64 
Mu5*n. Re eu. Jan. 5, *61. mus. out June 28, *65 
Di<M:harged Dec. 15, *63. 
Muitten^ out June 22, *64. 
Di*Ml about May 15. *65. 
Re enliitted Jan. 5. *64. mus. out June 28, *65 
Discharged June 6. *62. 

Pro. Maj. July 2^^ '64. Lt Col. Nov. 24. '64 
Col. Mar. 4, '65, mus. out June 28, *65. 

Died June 12. '62. 

Re-en. Jan 5, '04. Discharged Sept 24, '64. 
" Feb. 18, '64. pro. Cor. May 23. '64. most 
out June 28, '65. 

Pro. S«rpt Mu*t«red out June 22, '64, 

Fir»t S^rgl. Di!»chari;od July 6, '62. 

Pro. Corp. Jan. 1. '<;i. re onliftM Feb. 18, '64 
Pro. S. July 1. '64, niun. out June 28, '65 

Mustered out of service June 22, *<V4. 

Tran?. to ^icnal C«»ri»w April 2. '62. rou^t oa< 

Diivhargod June 6. '62, [June, '64 

Corp. f)ie-l 27. 62. 

Sergt. Pro. 2d Lieut. May 5, '61. do Ut Lt Nov 
24, •Ci4. Dm F«b 17, '65, Com. %a Q. M 
March 27, '65. mu^t. out June 28, '(J5. 

Sergt. ijiu^t. out of service June 22. 64. 

Corp. diiHl fvj.t. 10, '63. 

}:o-tnlisted Feb. IS '61, mns. out June 28. '65 

Died at Salif^lmry. N. C. Dec 29, '64. 

Mustered out of service June 28, *65. 

Died June 10. '64. 

Mustered out of service June 23, *65. 









• I 





23 Dec. 23. '63. 

19 Jan. 1, '64. 

21 Dec 29. '63. 

23 •* 24, " 
21 ** 28 ** ** 

24 Aug. 19*. '64. A 
21 Nov. 16. '63. O 
43 ** •«•«•« 

25 •• 30. '61. " 









Re-enlisted Jan. 4, *64, must out June 28, '65 






Ninth JieginunU 

26 Ang. 11, '62. MuMered out of service June 13, *65. 

19 Sept 20, " " Dwcharged July 15. '63. 

21 Aug. 17, '64. E Trans, to Co. B June 13. '65. [29. '65. 

21 Jan. 4, " C ♦* " A " " " murt. out Aug. 

22 Aug. 11. '62. " " I - 1/64- Dis. May 7, '65. 
43 July 15, • " " Died Nov. 22. '62, 

40 Aug. 17, '64. I Trans, to 5th Regt.. must out June 29, '6^ 

21 JuDf 16, '62. I MuMered out of service June 13, *65. 
27 Sept 11, - G Died Feb. 6. '64. 
41 June 16, " •• Discharged March 14, '68. 
18 •• " •• - •• April 17, - 
31 Aug. 30. '64. F Tranpferred to 2d Vt, most ont Jaly 15, '66. 
39 Dec 30, '63. G - " Co. D June 13. '65. 
30 •• 22, " Pro. 2d lieutenant U. S. colorni troow March 

30 Jan. 2. '64. I Transferred to Co, I June 13. '65. [24, '65. 
44 Dec 30. '63. Q Muf*tered out of service Jane 22, '65. 

31 - 31, •• D Promoted corporal Feb. 7, '65. 

22 Jan. 4, '64. C Died Feb. 14, '64. 

Tenth JU^menU 

Al'bott, SylvesUr 0. 20 Aug. 6, *62. G Discharged Feb. 6, *65. 



• . J 


» • 

J - 

. - 

I * 

ft, - 

'< » 



BAtUe*. Edwin 
Bingham, Peter 
BloUgettk Pearl D. 

25 Aag. 6. *62. 

37 •• a, - 

34 - 12, - 

G Killed Sept. 19, *d4, U Wincbeeter. 




Baebee. Van H. 23 

Carlpv. Chat. H. 19 

Cbatbeld. Beoj. G. 38 

Dewey, Simeon 34 

Dolon, Newell F. 18 

Finn, John 24 

Foucreaen, Napoleon 21 
^ * . 20 


Freeman, Daniel 

llcbard, Milan 

Kidder, Loren G. 

Luce, Alpha H. 

ydntyre, II ugh H. 

McMurphy, Archibald 26 




Paige, Sargent A. 
Patterson^ Edwin Z. 
Perry, Geo. W. 
Phelps, Jufltin J. 
Pridi*, Andrew J. 

" a. 
- «. 

" 2, 
" 6. 










Fint lieat pro. capt Dec 27, *62, wonn. June 
1, *64, dia. Nov. 22. *64, app. capt. vet. R. 
C. Nov. 22, '64. [June, 'es- 

Trans, to Signal Corp§ Sept. 1, *63, mna out in 

Mustered out of Mr vice Junt 22, '65. 

Discharged May 15. *65. 
July 22, - 

Died Oct 22, '64. 

Mustered out of service June 22, *65. 







Seymour, David 36 

Temple, George 28 

Wimer, Robert D. 22 

Wood. Thomas L. 23 

BloJgett, Joseph a 33 

Dcton, Cassins M. a 18 

Jordan, John £ 18 

Jordan, Hirbard 44 

Kellogg, Cornelius 28 

K'noey, Lyman 36 

Lampfun, Chiirles U. 21 

Rice, Charles 21 

Sullivan. Michael 18 
Woinlbury, Lyman G. 43 

Wyatt, Ammi N. 36 








Jan. 4. '64. 
Dec l'2,'63. 

23, " 

4, '64. 
Dec. 22,'i53. 
- 23, ••. 


Nov. 29. 
Dec 26. 

- n. 









Hall. George 
Norgan, Jonn 

Arnold. Nelson 
St Johns, Cbarlet 

Broach, William 
Lampon, Amos L. 
Lam^on. John J. 
McAvoy, Edward 

Northrup. Albert 
Morton. John £. 
Zinke, Guntavus 
Bani>ter, Foster L. 
Dailey, James 
Dutton, Edgar H. 
Fecnan, Patrick 
Johncon, John 
Johnson, Peter 
Lucas, John 
Seyinonr, John 
Reymour. Julins. 
Trank, Martin 
Willtams, Theodore 



Pro, cor. Aug. 18. *64, discharged June 1, '65. 

Mustered out of service June 22. *65. 

Tr.\n9. to vet R. C. June 15, '64. mustered out 

Killed at Cold Harbor, June 1, '6i. [June. '65. 
*• Trans, to Signal CorT»s Sept 1, '63, murt. oat 
- Must out of service June ^2, '65. [July. '65. 

Corporal, discharged Dec. 10, '64. 

Tran5. to V. R. C. Nov. 25, *64, mas. out July 

Died Feb. 24, '64. [8. 'Gj. 

Mustered out of service Tune. '65. 

Pro. Corp. May 12. '64, do sergt Oct 27, '64. 
mustered out June 27. '66. 

Pro. cor. April 13, '0»5. must out June 22. '65. 
'• " Died Feb. 27. '64. 

Dis. for pro. in Cold Troops, Feb. 24, '64. 

DiPchargod Feb. 16, '63. 
E Mubtered out in July. '65 
F •* - of service June 29, '65. 

July 17, '65. 
Q " - " May 13, '65. 

F Killed. 

E Mut^tercd out of service May 13, '65. 
I '• •• •• . June 29, '65. 

p* M «« u «a at 

G Died at Danville. Va.. Nov. 4. '64. 
E Mo9t«red out of service June 29, '64. 

EUrcnth Bc^nuni, 

Aug. 23. '64. C Discharged. 
•• 11, •• M Deserted from 17th Vt returned to that Reg. 

Seventeenth BegxmenU 

D Killed at Petersburg. 
April 2, '64. F Absent, sick July 14, '65. 

Ftrti Cavalry lUgimenL 








J. II 

Dec 2, '61. 
Oct 9, 
Sept 28, 







£ Died at Richmond. Va., Dec. 9. *63. 

•• Dii«cbarged Msy 22. '62. 

C Pro. COT, re-en. Dec 28. '63, missing in adiofl 
June 15. '64, died Dec 17, '64. 

** MuFtered out of service June 15, '65. 

Died April 3. '63. 4 

Assiigncnd to German Regiment 

Pro. cor. Feb. 1, 't>5, must, out Aug. 9, '65. 

C Deserted. 

Aug. 17, '62. 


Nov. 16, '63. 
Aug. 17. '64. 
Dec. 28. *G3. M Mustered out of service Aug. 9, '65. 


Aug 11. '64. 
Sept 28. 
Aug. 11, 

•• 10, 
Jan. 4, - 
Dec 12, 'eS. 

•• 30, •• 


A Mui>tered out June 21, *65. 
C Never joined company. 
" Mustered out of service August 9, *65. 

%£ aa «t M «a 

M M M MS* 




Bailey, Jfteob & 23 Sept. 11, *61. F DiMharged October 4. 186L 

Church. Hehry H. 23 •• 30. •• E - Manb 11, '61 

HMtiDgs, Cbarlet W. 19 Oct 10, - " - October 9. - 



Kewton. Jamee V. 
StoQghtoa, H. K 

Boyd. JoMpb 
King, Thomas 
SUwart, Waiiam 

Marraj, Qeorgt 

18 - «. - 
25 Sept. 25, •« 

Jan. 16, *61 
** Capt Pro. major Sept 17, *61 lievt eoL Jqm 
24. *G3, moat out Jan. 23, '65. 
24 Aug. 17, *6t F Deaerted. 

18 - 19, - - - October 21. 1864. 

7%ird Vtrm^ BaUtry, 
33 Sept 1, *64. Mattered oat of tervice Jane 15, *65. 


Banister, Sylvester 
Bemaii, Samael 
Beraw, Oliver 
Brace, Horatio P. 
Currier, Joseph 
Dupias, Fabin 
Dorkee, Daniel M. 
Eaton. Daniel W. 
Flint. Abner N. 
n ay ward, Alroon B. 
Jones. Stephen H. 
Kenncy, Alden B. 
Murphy, Patrick 
Marphy, Thomas. 

Brown, Nelson H. 
Dunham, William C 
Green, Edward A. 

Alexander, Chas. £. 
. Arnold. Benj. F. 

Arnold, NeUon L. 

Bacon. Charles H. 

Baldwin. Uennr M. 

Barnes, Qranville W. 

Brown, Martin V. B. 

Brown, NtUon H. 

Burnham, EHwin K. 

Burnham. William 0. 

Carj»enter, Curtis A. 

CarjK-nter, Walter W. 
H- Chad wick, Alonso E. 
^ Chadwick, Marcos V. 

asBin, Levi IX 

Cocptwell. John K« 

CoU. Reuben M. 

Dutton. Hen FT Jr^ 

Ed^on. Daniel C 

Fisher. Leonard K. 

Fletcher. Heniy F. 

Fletcher, HerbeH V. 

Flint, George 8w 

Ford, Henry 

George Lewis H. 

Gilchrirt. Wm. a 

Gilb*-rt, Henry C 

Gillett, Wro. Y, 

Graves. Edgar O. 

Green, Edward A. 


2d 8. a 








Parkhur^t Benj. F. 
Plumley, Wm. D^ 
Putney, James 
Richardson. George W. 2d, 



6th, & a H 





Richards. Georn 
Hichanls, Joseph 
Ru!»A^ll. James 
Smith. Amos Jr., 
Sprague. Tyler E. 
Til»on, Wm. F. 
Tracy. James 
Wood. George E. 
Woods. Timothy N. 
Wright, George P. 

Vohmittr$ for aneytar, 

Kelley. Charles A. 
'X^argi^nt, Willard E. 
** Ware, Garance E. 

Tulimieerf for niM montki. 






























Grow. P. Elias 
Hackett, Benjamin F. 
Harback. George L. 
Hebard. James H. 
Herriek. Edward E. 
Howard. George H. 
Howard, Knowlton P. 
Howard, Wilbur F. 
Hum, Hiram A. 
Inman, Almeron C. 
Jordan. Richard 
Kidder. James H. 
Lamson. Jasper H. 
Moulton. George a 
Kichols. G«orge A. 
Osgood. John C. 
Osgood. William W. 
Perrin. William £. 
Phelan. Thomas 
Putnam, Chas. W. A. 
Robinson. George A. 
^Sargent Philander B. 
Sparhawk, Henry a 
Stone. Darwin W. 
W^aiihburn, Julian J. 
Wilkey, Jamss H. 
Wilson, Jamea 
Wood. Hasea J. 
Wynn, Joba 
Wynn, Patrick 
Wynn, Patrick P. 

















2daa ' 





























































• •• 

^ r- 

» . ■. 

» , 


• f 

I ■ 

• t • 


^ i 

. ' 

t • f 




M I 

• ; I 

« i 

. 5 

• I 



I ; 



Pag^ Ziba IT. 
Bacon, David F. 

Blaisdell. John H. 
Brock way, Oramel W. 
""Chadwick. Jii5tin F. 
Chandler, George W. 
Harlon, Henry C. 
Heath, Edwin H. 

Carpenter, Sylvanns B. 
Cone, Franklin C. 

Battlen. Charles H. 
Barling. Pennison 
Biclimond, Lemuel T. 






Drcfidd^ and enkrtd Servim 

Riley. Patrick 

VeUram Renervt Corjm. 

IHtty. John Q. A. 

Drafted men wlio furnished SubsUUdei. 

Kathao. Alvin H. Osgood, Charles D 

LaiuFon. Jo«»ph M. OiJ^ood. Oeorcc H. 

Martin. Laforojt O. Rite. Hubbell L. 

Morrill, Ira C. Shepard, William 

Morrill, Ira S. Smith, Herb<»rt R. 

Mon-e, Charles N. Tlmyer. Jackson O. 

White. George. 

EivroUed men who furnished Sitb8tihUe$* 

Lombard. Benjamin F. 
Manchester, Albert 
Kewton, Henry C. 

Paid Commutation, 

Ptorr*. Aaron A. 
Tc'wkiiburv. Iira<iford 
Webster, 6eorge 0. 


Compiled mainly from the report* of the Adjutant General of Vermont, for the yean 
1801 and 1865. br Tuomas L. Wood. 

Drew, Stephen C. 
Howard, Charles M. 

AVhite. iTliarlcs G. 
Wood. William S. 


Elbridoe H. Babbitt, afon of S. A. Bab- 
bitt, of W^est Randolph, while in school at 
Korwich University, enlisted. June 7, 1802, 
in the 17th U. S. Infantry, a^ Sergeant, with 
headquarters at Portland, Fort Preble, Me. 

He soon went with his Regiment to the 
Army of the Potomsc, Harrison *s Lnoding, 
Va.; was at the battfb of Frederirk«bnrg. and 
in the skirmishes of that campaign ; wa? se- 
riously wounded at Gcttysbnrgh, July 2, 1SG3, 
•ent to hospital at Philadelphia. 

March 5, 1864, he was tranf^ferred to the 
N. C. U. Vols., as •2d Lieut, thereby joining 
a brother, the surgeon of the regimrnt, whose 
memoir has been furnished for publication in 
this volume. 

He was, most of the time, acting adjutant 
and assistant adjutant-general until the mus- 
tering out of the regiment, June 27, 1865, at 
the close of the war. He is now residing in 
the West 

nrciOKMT rot msronr or tAKDOLPiL 

»f a. r. tuonr$om, 

Tht Indiatit who enacted the Hojralton raid. 
to use an expression now much in vogue, seem 
to have possessed, with their sarnge propensi- 
tSeSi ^it« a ipioe of humor, which, on several 
occaskmi they indnlgod with much appHroot 
gosta Among instanoet of this kind, a ludi- 
eroua ttory hat been handed down respecting 
tbeir doings In Randolph. 

Co th« banks of the Second Branch, witblu 

the 1x>rdcrs of that town, along np which they 
pifised on their retreat to Canada, there lived 
at the time a settlor, whose family consisted of 
himsclC his wife and h'*8 dog— the latter, as it 
would seem, occupying the first place in his af- 
fections; for the wife, if she was not sadly bo- 
lied, was not only a gre.-rt, (at, blousy, disngree* 
aible creature, but a most intolerable slattenL— 
When the Induins were approaching, the man 
w:i8 standing some distance firom his house near 
the borders of tlie woods. Attracted by sus- 
picious sounds, he ran to a little elevation near 
by for a better view ; when, to his dismay, he 
behold the whole ganfr of plunderers making 
their way rapidly towards his house. After 
glancing a moment towards the houM where 
his unsuspecting wife m-as still remaining, and 
then stealing another hurried glance at the ene- 
my, ho seized his dog by the collar and drew 
him into the woods, where he selected a covert, 
from whic^, unseen, be peered ont and awaited 
the result, still holding ou to the dog to prcveot 
him from barkin;r or running out into view, so 
as to attract the notice of the Indians. 

Presently tlie hostile party came np and en- 
tered the hou«e. •* Kow, old woman, T guess 
you are gone for it" he said to himself expect- 
ing every moment to hear her outcries under the 
tomahawk or scalping-knife, or see her brought 
out b**und to be carried oflTas a prisoner. But 
he behold neitlier: In a few moments he saw 
the Indians lead his wife ont^ and with mock 
gravity conduct her down to the stream, into 
which they sunsed her np and down tin thoy 

• * 



appeared tu think abe was aufficienUjr washed 
to be as dean at other folks. Thejr then turned 
her adrift to mend her wet plight aa abe beet 
coald, but would not suflTer her to go iuto the 
houae ; Tkjt that, aAer taking ftoin U f uch arti- 
cles at thej wanted, tliej consigned to tho 
ilamea. and departed on tlieir war. 

Tho most valuable part of the contents of the 
houM was a lot of corn in the loft, whicli, as 
the rool'^'U in, Wiis precipitated into tlie cellar, 
and either burned, or buried up with rubbish 
and ashes. And it is not manj jears since, that 
while the site of the house was being excavated, 
Mveral cars of com were thrown out in such a 
state of presen'atiou, that, when pliTnt^-d, the 
aecd germinated and brought forth as good corn 
as otlier seed, though it had lain buried in the 
oinders haJf a century, 

How the husband and wifo met, and how far 
her habits of cleanliness were improred hy the 
rude lesson -she had received, tmditiuii has not 
informed us. 

The town was organised March 31, 1783. — 
Tehial Woodward was flr«i town clerk; and 
since that early day has pro6)>ered excellently 
and well. Tliere are three pleasant rflhiges 
within its borders, vib, Randolph Kast village, 
Randolph West village and Randolph Centre, 
and four post oiBoes. 


is noted for the beauty of iu situation upon an 
elevsted ground. The Randolph Academy is 
here, and Uie plitce has two ehurch-ediilcct. 


or Orange County Grammar School, was estab- 
liabed here about 1 804 or ^<»,and is now the build, 
log of the Sute Kornud School under Edward 
Conant, an efficient and deservedly popular prin- 
cipal Thompson gives the following list of the 
principals of the old Randolph Academy : 

**WiUism Kutting, 1807— '13; D. Brock, 
1813, *14! RuAis j:ttttiiig, 1814— '18; George 
Bush. 1818, '19; Samuel A. Worcester, 1819. 
'20; Joseph Sawyer, 1520, *21 ; Rufus Nutting. 
1821— '28; Clement Long, 1^28— '31; John 
Fairchild, 1S31. '32; T. O. Brainard. 1832— '36; 
Samuel A Benton, 1836— *3d ; Axariah Hyde, 
183?^'41 ; Edward Ckveland, 1841." 

This institution, at the time Tliompson gave 
its record, had a literary society connected with 
it with a library of 300 voiumei^ . 


pleasantly located upon the Second Bran6h of 
White River, is n thriving buainest plaon, with 
^urcl^ storey hotel, Aa 

WIST UAisvoutm 
has also its church, post officei| miU% machine- 
shops, Ac. Says our eorrej^pondent, Mias pab- 
bitt, ** We liave a small but flourishiiig- public 
library, established here by a patty of ladies 
who net, Dec 14. 1S03, «*for the purpose of 
considering tlie subject of a miscellaneous libm- 
ry. to be located in this viHage." 

The Society b styled the ** West Randolph 
Lowlies* Library Asdociation.** Books are being 
added slowly each year by benefit festivals lec- 
tures snd ooocortf ; also by a small yearly as- 

Tlivre is an Agricultural Library located hi 
this pluce, but there is but little interest manl* 
fcstcd in its suiiport or existence. 

A Frcedmcn*s sid Society was formed hers in 
1866, to which occasional contributions aro 
made ; but tlicre is need of seal mmI earnestness 
in tlie matter, to awakea-the sympathies of th« 
peoples J* E. B. 

Tni Statwtics of 1840 stood, hordes, 68f ; 
cattle, 1233; sheep, 17,792; swine, 1,610; 
wlieat, bnsliels. ft.G25 ; baricy, 104 ; oat^ 82,- 
105; rye, 3.406; buckwheat, 7,167; ludiaa 
corn, 18,499; potatoes, 111,598; hny, Coos, J^- 
831; sugar, lbs., 34,660; wool, 40,781; popa* 
latkm, 1,678. 

In 1841 there were In this town, ''4 sttor- 

oies, 7 physicians, 11 school district^ with 

school-houses. 1 oil, 6 (pist and 9 aaw-milla 8 

stores, 4 taverns, 5 tanneries, t fumaoes, ^ 

starchlactories, clothier's-works, cardiug-mfr> 

chines, kc.'—Thcfnpmm^s Gaaeitetr, 

8TATI8T1C8 or 1 869. — RA!Ci>oLpn — Clerk and 
supt, K. L. Boyd<?n; treasurer, J. C Fargo; 
•cloctmen, Elijah BkKlgetl, George W. Graves, 
Willard Tilson ; constable, Luke Parirfi ; listers. 
B. F. Adams, M. J. Lamson, Ruck wood Holden ; 
overseer, C. R. Granger: agent, Samuel now« 

ard. PoHmoMert'^, C Fargo ; R. Holden, 

East R.; H. R, Slougbton, West R.; Goo. 

O. Stanley. North R. .irtem^ys— N. L. Boy den ; 

P, Perrio, J. W. Rowell. West R. Phyn- 

cuvM-^. S. Smith ; L. A. Noyea. oclee.; Geo. 

Davenport, East4 A. Kendrick, K. F. Upham, 

C.L. Stewart; G. Dutton, liomeo., We< />«• 
fuCs— E. Weston, Jr., G. I). Blanchard, West 
CVittfT^es— 1st Cong., D. B. Bradford; Meth^ 

J. Puffer; Epis., H C. Kinney ;—-Cath, , 

Id Cong., S. W. Dyke; Cliris.. h, D. Ames; 

Epis. (Sl John*sX n. a Kinney. West; Bap., 

8. S. Xickerson ; Univ.. Eli Ballon. Fuurt. M- 
eraiy /nsfifvf mm— State Normsl ScliooL B.Oo- 
nant, prin^ West R. Academy, G. Dutton, prin. 
Merehania-^. C. Fargo, N. B. Hiller, gin. asst; 

Helen K. Smith, raUlinery; Samuel Bass, 

books, stationery snd Jet%-elry; A. H. Smith, 
boots, shoes and' dry goods ; Bradish Brother*, 
boots, shoes and dotliing; Geo. W. Bk>dgeCt^ 
dotbii^ hats and osps; K. M. Drapar, doCbing | 

. ■ 

4 f 

^ , 

I • 


■ i 



\ « 






1 ■ 

1 I 


'. r- 

I * 

Tharkfl Thurston, drj goods; R. O. Morton, 
drujnn and roedicioes ; C W. A, Patnam, fan^ 
goodji and notions and millinerj; A. W. Tewks- 
buty t Sons, B