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Full text of "Vernacular list of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers in the Madras Presidency"

VERNACULAR LIST 



OF 



TLEES, SHRUBS AND WOODY 
CLIMBERS 



IN THE 



MADRAS PRESIDENCY 



» BV 

A. W. LDSHINGTON, 

Comcvvator of Forests, Northern Circle, Uadras. 



IN TWO VOLUMES. 

Yo]VMK I. 



MADRAS: 
PRINTED BY THE STjrERINTEKDENT, GOVEBNilE-VT PRESS. 

PiiT-K, rupees \i arno.i.'^] 1915. [4 .^ ■t'jfi's 3 ps^w. 



(s.r 



O 



' ' ; > <:> « »- 



(5 



VERNACULAR LIST 

TREES. SHRUBS AND WOODY 
CLIMBERS 



MADRAS PRESIDENCY 



A. W. LDSHINGTON, 

Conservator of Forests, Xorthem Circle, Madras. 



IN TWO VOLUMES. 
Volume I. 



MAD R.A S : 
PRIN'TED BY THE SUPERINTENDENT, GO^'ERXMENT PRESS. 

1915 



1 9 IS 



CONT ENTS 



Introduction ... 
Abbreviations' 

Scheme of Roman spelling ... 

List of principal Botanists ... ... 

Pronunciation and Derivation of Botinical Names .. 
Synopsis OF Natural Orders 

Key TO Sub-classes, Orders AND ijENEEA 

Botanical Index ... 

English Index 





page 




1-5 




6-9 





10-12 





13, 14 




15-106 




107-116 




... 117-200 





... 201-312 


•• ... 


... 313-1034 






YERNACULAE LIST OF TREES, SHRUBS 

AND WOODY CLIMBERS IN THE 

MADRAS PRESIDENCY. 



INTRODUCTION. 



T^HE revision of the " List of trees, shrubs and woody climbers 
found in the forests of the Madras Presidency " has been beset 
with many difficulties; and I have no doubt but that there will be 
many adverse critics of the result of my endeavour. 

2. The first difficulty that presented itself arose as to what consti- 
tuted such a tree, shrub or woody climber, — firstly in respect of 
indigenous, secondly in regard to exotic-plants. As regards the 
indigenous : firstly, taking" Hooker, Roxburgh, and such well-known 
authorities to start with, I found, inter alia, that Datura (Indian indi- 
genous), Stachytarpheta ivdica, and Hibiscus ficubieus, are classed as 
"annual herbs ^'; these are only samples and many other instances 
could be quoted ; the first was found in Ganjam as a tree of 25 feet 
high with a stem of 6 to 7 inches diameter, and is commonly met 
with in many parts of the Presidency as a good sized shrub ; the 
second forms a bushy shrub in the Northern Circars sometimes 10, 
often 6, feet high with a woody stem and woody branches often 2 to 4 
inches thick, and in Jeypore forms a dense scrub along the road ; the 
third, usually found browsed down and spreading along- the ground 
on black soils, was found at Gullery in Ganjam over. 12 feet high and 
with a woody stem 2 to 3 inches thick. With divergence such as 
these from the standard authors, one cannot help feeling doubtful as 
to whether the '' habit ^' in innumerable other cases has noc been 
wrongly gauged. Then again under the head of climbers amongst 
dicotyledonous plants, there is almost a complete transition from 
scaudent herbs to scandent trees of considerable magnitude, and it is 
exceedingly hard to draw the line, especially, perhaps amongst the 
Leguminosx. Epiphytes and parasites again are another class where 
it is extremely difficult to draw a line, e.g., do Cuscuta and Cassytha 
come under the head "ligneous," or '' herbaceous ^^ ? When it comes 
to the class of monocotyledons and ferns the difficulty is even greater. 
I think, for instance, the Epiphytic Orchids have just as great a claim 
to entry as many of the Viscums and some of the Loranthi. 

3. Secondly, with regard to exotics, where is the line to be drawn ? 
a considerable number have naturalized themselves, and in the dry 



2 INTRODUCTION. 

districts often form a large part of the forest vegetation, e.g., Tamarind, 
Babul, Neem, Pricklypear, Lanfcana, and along sti'eams Thevetia, 
Oleander, and so forth. AUaraanda grows in profusion in the bark- 
waters of the West Coast, Turnera is apparently common there and in 
Granjam. Then again exotics have been largely planted for commer- 
cial purposes, and cannot be ignored; the Casuarina all down the 
coast, Eucalypti, Wattles, and Pines in the higher hills of the 
Presidency. Innumerable species and genera have been tried, with 
varying measures of success, and it seems unreasonable to exclude 
them. Again many have been largely introduced for ornament, 
including avenue trees ; samples are the Portia, Albizzia, Enterolobium, 
Colvillea, Spathodea, and innumerable others. Then, if such are 
introduced for ornamental purposes^ common garden trees and shrubs 
should be entered too. Almost every Forest officer is a lover of 
arbori-horticulture, and endeavours to make a beautiful garden not 
only in the compound of his own head- quarter bungalow, but in the 
compounds of the bungalows in the heart of the forests; and this is 
not confned by any means to the controlling staff, but a large number 
of rangers do the same. The ranger wants to know the names of 
these exotics just as much as does any one else of higher standing ; 
and as the work aims at being a help to rangers and lower 
subordinates first and foremost, such names of exotics have been 
shown, 

4. In these circumstances an endeavour has been made to include 
every tree shrub and climber known to exist in the Presidency. I am 
aware that some have been omitted, but this was discovered only after 
the list was originally developed and the addition of new ones would 
cause confusion. This revised list cannot be considered final by any 
means, it is only a step, though it is believed, and hoped, to be rather 
a big step. The way I set to work was first to consult the chief stand- 
ard authors on Madras trees, e.g., Beddone, Brandis, Gamble, 
Bourdillon and Cameron's Trees of Mysore, and Roxburgh and Honker 
where they applied ; then all the Working-plans, Forest Administra- 
tion Reports from 1859 to 1906 were exploited; and finally, knowing 
that many exotics had been put down in forest compounds which were 
not included in these, the great Robert Brown's list of trees in the 
Madras Agri-horticultural gardens, supplemented by Wood, Riddell 
and Boddam's and Jaffrey's Hints on gardening, Cameron's work 
on gardening, supplemented — or rather checked so as to bring it within 
Presidency limits — by nurserymen's lists including Rudrappa, Mnni- 
swami, and Hodson of Bangalore, the Ootacamund garden list, and 
the Madras Agri-horticultural list, 

5. The most difficult part of the whole work was the correction of 
the vernacular names. The names have been collected from a multi- 
tude of sources, including Roxburgh (who often gives the Telugu, and 
frequently Van Rheede's Malayalam, name), Beddome, Brandis, 
Gamble, Cameron's trees, Elliott's Flora Andrica, and his list at the 
end of Drury's plants, the names from Volume FII of McLean's Madras 



INTRODDCTrON. 8 

Administration, the names oF the Working-plans, Forest Admiuistra" 
tion Reports, Biandis suggestions for Madras Forest Administration, 
the old vernacular list, local lists either collected by myself or kindly 
sent in by District Forest Officers (to whom I am greatly obliged), and 
a variety of other sources. In these almost every author has his own 
way of spelling the Tiames, and the difficulty was to find out which, if 
any, was the correct way. As one example, the common Tamil name 
Odi (Odina Wodier) was spelt in 27 different ways, including Odi, 
Oody, ]Ioody, Woody, ''^udy, Odiya (the genitive), etc., I have 
tried to bring all this spelling into line ; I do not say that in every 
case my interpretation must be correct, but I think that this is a step, 
and perhaps a big step towards getting uniformity on the one hand 
and correctness on the other. A great difficulty was in the fact 
that often there is the same vernacular name for very different spe- 
cies, that often there are several names for the same species, that in 
different districts a patois changes the correct name, that often a wrong 
name has been given to a specific plant, and finally that somewhat 
similar sounding, but in reality different, names are given to allied 
species. Under the last I may quote firstly the Albizzias in Tamil; we 
get Qalaivagai, Celaivagai, Cilaivagai, and Qolaivagai ; in the second 
place we find errors such as Nirmadalam (" Water pomegranate ") for 
Nirraaliyam "offerings' to Siva'^) in Malayalam,Holenekki ("WaterVitex 
Negnudo") for Hoddelenage ('•' joined together leaf plant") in Cana- 
rese, both for Gratxva religiosa. The names of every plant required 
a study in itself. Here I may mention that, having made out my 
transliteration table which ifs given at the commencement, the trans- 
literation being such that now the English letters can at once be 
put back into the vernacular, I started first with the dictionaries of 
each language (given in the abbreviations) and adopted them first as 
a basis (I have taught myself to read each of the vernaculars) transli- 
terating them according to the above table. Then I have taken Vol. Ill 
of McLean's Manual of Madras Administration, where entries were 
made in the vernacular type (with one or two modifications where, as 
above, I believe a mistake has been made) ; and thirdly the Sanskrit 
names as a basis, either direct, or by inference as to the meaning of the 
nai: e of the plant ; for, a careful study of the whole shows that each 
plant name has a quasi-descriptive meaning, either from its form, pro- 
perties, habitat, or similar quaKfication ; and finally, when none of these 
aids were available, by tracing the meaning of the name of the plant. 
Tliere may be errors in this, but I have made a special study of the 
plants on the one hand and of the vernaculars (Uriya, Sanskrit, Telugu, 
Tamil, Malayalam and Ganai*ese) on the other, and I think I have 
fairly well worked them out, or at all events made a step towards 
doing so. A common error is in putting the genitive case, (e.g., Guggi- 
lapu (Tel.);, Odiya (Tarn.), Udina (Can.) for the nominatives Guggiiamu, 
Odi, Udi, when " tree " is dropped. 

6. I have mentioned that in different districts there is a patois ; 
e.g., Rela, and Verau (or Vepa-genitive-gettu) in Cuddapah are 

1-A 



4 INTBODUCTION. 

called Raia and Yapa. These— with all the various writers' interpreta- 
tions of spelling — find place in the index of the vernacular to which they 
belong, but not in the general list. The index is intended to admit 
of the plant being identified with the smallest amount of trouble, the 
general list shows what I tate to be the correct word only. An old 
gardener in England used to talk of the " Oak " as the " Wuk " and 
the <' Elm " as the " Helium "; no one would dream of writing as 
correct, the words " Wuk" or " Helium," although the local inhabit- 
ants would understand that mode of pronunciation better; and so it 
would be easier to find out Puliki or Poliki as such from the index 
than to have to look for Ponaku, the correct (dictionary) method of 
writing one of the Sterculias in Telugu. 

7. I have entered English names, which were not inserted in the 
original list, and, here I have to confess that I have taken a great, 
son^.e critics would say, unwarranted liberty. I have adaptfd a, large 
number of English names ; sometimes I have taken a specific English 
name, and have adapted it for a genus, or qualified it for two or three 
genera. In adapting it for a genus, I liave further qualified it so as 
to distinguish to some degree between the species of that genus. I 
further admit that some of the names so adapted are extremely clumsy 
as names. My plea is this ; the work is intended essentially for 
E-angers and Deputy Rangers who have no opportunity whatever of 
referrinsT to the books of reference that have been at my command ; 
they have not even a copy of Brandis' Trees. It is of importance that 
they should be able to discriminate between the different species of a 
genuS; it is because of this want that so many vernacular names have 
been erroneously entered, and once erroneously entered it is most 
difficult to say that such a name is wrong. It is hoped by this — albeit 
clumsy — means they will to a large extent be able to distinguish bet- 
ween the different plants, helped also by the insertion in this list (not 
in the original list) of the habit and habitat. Moreover the Forest 
Commissioner has kindly permitted now, a key of the divisions, orders, 
and genera to be inserted, which should also be of considerable help ; 
but this permission was not accorded until after the English name 
adaptations were compiled. In a revision it would be better to have 
a key of the species, and simplify the English names. 

8. In the outset I tried to follow Hooker's Flora of British India, 
as nearly as possible, as that was then, and still largely is, 
the .standard work. I was kindly given the loan of Index Kewensis, 
and, as far as was practicable therefrom, deducted the recognized 
nomenclature. It will be seen that according to Brandis there are 
further modifications, e.g., he uses Palaquium for Dichopsis, Aphania 
for one section of Sapindus, and so forth ; but to get the whole pi'o- 
perly into order I could not do this without a study at Kew, and this 
was not permitted to me. In the last column of the general list are 
numbers of synonyms. Suppose No. 2026 were one of such numbers, 
by referring to the Serial No. 2026 in the Botanical Index the name 
of synonym is found. 



INTRODUCTION. 5 

9. Finally I may say that a large number of clerical errors, and 
possibly other oversights still exist in the work. For these I plead for 
forgiveness ; I have had to undertake the work in my leisure hours, 
often under considerable (iifficulties in camp, and have had to do it 
practically single handed, for an attempt on two occasions to obtain 
help from my office establishment was disastrous. At the same time I 
cannot commend too highly the work of the typist, and the bulk of 
the work in the Government Press, for a technical work of this nature 
must be most difficult to follow. It has been decided that despite such 
errors as may still exist, it is better to get the work into print, and to 
revise it again after a year or two. As regards omissions from the 
list, referred to in paragraph 2, 1 hope that in revision this will be 
largely rectified ; and at the same time I hope that, during my retire- 
ment from service, I shall be permitted to take up the herbaceous plants 
on similar lines, so that all plants in the Presidency can find place in 
one or the other list. 

A. W. LUSHINGTON, 

Conservator of Forests, Northern Circle. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



(coTO.) = commemorative name of some 
person. 

(Zoc.) = derived from geographical name. 

N. or Nic.= Nicholson's Dictionary of 
Gardening, 

Ch. = J. W, Cherry's (Gonsr. for Madras) 
unpublished list of names. 

Cass. Lat. Dic. = Ca8sell's Latin Dic- 
tionary. 

Nut. = Nutairs Dictionary. 

(Cias.) = Classical or Mythological name. 

(aJ?.)=allnding to, or, the allusion 
being ; — 

H. = Heinig's Glossary. 

McL. = MacLeane's Manual of Madras 
Administration, Vol. III. 

Gk. Lex. = Lidde]l and Scott's Greek 
Lexicon (Small). 

En. Brit. =»Encyclo))Eedia Britannica. 

Rox. = Roxburgh's Flora indica. 

Bed. =Beddome's Flora sylvatioa. 

Bed. =Beddome's Plates. 

W.A.I = Wight (and Amott) Icones. 

Bs/T. = Brandis' " Indian Trees." 

Bs/S. = Brandi8' Suggestions for the 
Administration of Forests in the Madras 
Presidency. 

Gbl. = Gamble's Revised Manual of Tim- 
bers. 

L.N.S.B. = Lindley's Natural System of 
Botany. 

Treas. Bot. = Lindley and Moore's Trea- 
sury of Botany. 

Br. = Handbook of Trees, shrubs and 
herbaceous plants growing in the 
Madras Agri-horticultural Society's 
gardens, etc., by Robert N. Brown, and 
J. J. Wood. 

Rid. = Manual of Gardening by R. Riddell, 
and Lt.-Col. Boddam. 

Jaf. = Jaffrey's Hints. 

Cag. =J. Cameron's. 

Cat.= Foirest Trees of Mysore and Coorg 
by I. Cameron. 

Bdn. F.T.= Forest Trees of Travancore by 
Bourdillon. 

Bdn. L. = List of Trees accompany report 

on Travancore Forests by Bourdillon. 
Rn. N.^ „a> f Kudrappa (Bangalore). 

I "g ^ j New Edition. 
Rn. O. I S §3 I Rudrappa (Bangalore) 

^ >^ o -^ Old Edition. 
Mu. I S J I Mooneswamy (Banga- 

I £ Q I lore). 
Hod. J *^ l^Hodgson (Bangalore). 



Po. "^ _. CPochajee (Poena). 

A.G.H. ' ^ oj j Agri-horticultural 

^^' I « "fl i^ J Society (Madras). 

Ooty or I g "a / Government Botanical 
Ogbg. I |z; ° "§ I Gardens (Ootaca- 
J ^ \^ mund). 

Hk. = Hooker's Flora of British India. 
Bth. or Benth.=Bentham's Australian 

Flora. 
01, = Oliver's Flora of Tropical Africa. 
Ho. E. F. = Hough's Elements of Forestry 

(America). 
Pfl. = Pfleiderer's 500 Plants (Cauarese). 
B11/F.A. = Elliott's Flora Andhrica. 
Muell. S. P. = Mueller's Selected Plants. 
Kew. Bull. = Kew Bulletin. 
Bot. Mag. Comp. = Companion to the 

Botanical Magazine. 
I.F. = Indian Forester. 
E.D. = Watt's Dictionary of Economic 

Prod acts. 
Pr. = Prain's Bengal Plants. 
F.A.R. 1, 2, 3, etc. = Forest Administration 

Report (Madras) for 1859-(dO, 1860-61, 

1861-6:2, etc. 
Bon. = Dr. Bonavia's ''Oranges and 

Lemons." 
U.D. = Uriya Dictionary (Miller). 
Te.D. = Telugu Dictionary (Sankara- 

narayan) . 
Ta.D. = Tamil Dictionary (V. Visvanatha 

Pillai). 
M.D. = Malayalam Dictionary (C. Stolz). 
C.D. = Canarese Dictionary (Rev. J. 

Bucher). 
Ver. = Vernacular List of Trees and 

Shrnbs (Madras, 1901). 
W. = Working Plan. 



No. 



Oa. (NLGS) 

1. (KNL.) 

2. (SLM.) 

3. (SLM.) 

4. (SLM.) 

5. (SLM.) 

6. (SLM.) 

7. (SLM.) 
.S. (SLM.) 
y. (TVY.) 

10. (SLM.) 

11. (SLM.) 



Board's Proceedinas 

Forest miiiilior 

and date. 

4M 5 Aug. 1887 

54 Feb. 19ul 

6^ 16 Feb. 1901 

108 19 Mar. 1901 

109 19 Mar. 1901 
121 21 Mar 
139 11 Apl. 
146 13 Apl. 
232 1 July 

247 9 July 

248 13 July 1901 

249 13 Jaly 1901 

250 13 July 1901 



1901 
1901 
1901 
19U1 
1901 



AtJBKBVIATIONS. 



No. 



D strict. 



Board's I'roct-fdiiig.s 

Forest numln-r 

and date. 



12. (SLM.) 

13. (NAC.) 

14. (TVY.) 

15. (MRA.) 

16. (TVY.) 

17. (SLM.) 

19. (VZM.) 

20. (NAC.) 

21. (CBT.) 

22. (GJM.) 

23. (CBT.) 

24. (CBT.) 

25. (CBT.) 

26. (CBT.) 

27. (CBT.) 

28. (XAC.) 
20. (NAC.) 

30. (SAC.) 

31. (KSN.) 

32. (VZM.) 

33. (TVY.) 

34. (MBR.) 

35. (TVY.) 

36. (TVY.) 

37. (TVY.) 

38. (>[BR.) 

39. (GDV.) 

40. (GDV.) 

41. (GPV.) 

42. (GDV.) 

43. (JIBR.) 

44. (CAN.) 

45. (CAN.) 

46. (CAN.) 
47 (SLM.) 

48. (CAN.) 

49. (CAN.) 
.50. (NAC.) 

51. (TVY.) 

52. (TVY.) 

53. (TVY.) 

54. (TVY.) 

55. (TCH.) 

56. (TVY.) 

57. (GJM.) 

58. (TVY.) 

59. (TVY.) 

60. (GDV.) 

61. (G.JM.) 

62. (NAC.) 
6.^. (SLM.) 

64. (SLM.) 

65. (NAC.) 

66. (GJM.) 
G7. (TVY.) 

68. (VZM.) 

69. (KNL.) 

70. (ATP.) 



251 
»;3 
310 
336 
352 
355 
17 
21 
42 
128 
135 
138 
141 
147 
14y 
150 
1 55 
156 
184 
205 
209 
258 
210 
211 
519 
213 
217 
220 
221 
222 
223 
224 
227 
251 
252 
253 
255 
257 
265 
276 

2:^2 

295 
53 
82 
423 
121 
123 
129 
130 
142 
156 
162 
214 
225 
253 
272 
286 
322 
328 



15 July 

26 July 
3U Sept. 

25 Oct. 

23 Nov. 
12 Dec. 

9 .Jan. 
14 Jan. 

24 Jan, 

16 Apl. 

28 Apl, 
1 Mny 
3 May 

10 May 
12 May 
12 May 
22 Mav 
22 May 

20 June 
9 July 
9 July 

10 June 

11 July 
11 July 

1 Dec. 
11 July 

29 July 

30 Juiy 
30 July 

30 July 

31 July 
31 July 

2 Aug. 
5 Sept. 
5 Sept. 

5 Sept. 

6 Sept. 
8 Sepfc, 

18 Sept. 

3 Oct. 

27 Oct. 
27 Oct. 

21 Jan. 

20 Mar. 

21 Oct. 

26 Apl. 
30 Apl. 

4 May 
8 Mav 

21 May 

29 May 

3 June 



20 Aug. 
25 Sept. 
16 Oct. 
28 Oct. 

8 Dec. 
16 Deo. 

9 Jan. 



1901 
1901 
1901 
1901 
1901 
1901 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1202 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1896 
1902 
1902 
1897 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1902 
1903 
1903 
1899 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1903 
1904 



No. District, 

71. (ATP.) 

72. (SLM,) 

73. (.SLM.) 

74. (CBT.) 

75. (KNL.) 

76. (GDV.) 

77. (NAC.) 

78. (NEL.) 

79. (NAC.) 

80. (SLM.) 

81. (ATP.) 

82. (KSN.) 

83. (NAG.) 

84. (ATP.) 

85. (CAN.) 

86. (BEL.) 

87. (TVY.) 

88. (TJR.) 

89. (GJM.) 

90. (GJM.) 

91. (GJM.) 

92. (ATP.) . 

93. (MBR.) 

94. (SLM.) 

95. (SLM.) 

96. (MBE,) 

97. (CBT.) 

98. (KNL.) 

99. (GDV.) 
IW. (MBR.) 

101, (CBT.) 

102. (BEL.) 
.103, (MRA.) 

104. (NAC.) 

105. (NLG.S.) 

106. (KSN.) 

107. (KNL.) 

108. (CBT.) 

109. (CBT.) 

110. (GTR.) 
HI. (CDP.) 

112. (CDP.) 

113. (CDP.) 

114. (CDP.) 

115. (CDP.) 

116. (CDP.) 

117. (CDP.) 
lis, (CDP,) 

119. (CDP.) 

120. (CBT.) 

121. (SLM.) 

122. fCBT.) 

123. (CDP.) 

124. (OPT,) 

125. (SAC.) 

126. (TCH.) 

127. (N'AC.) 

128. (SLM.) 

129. (SAC.) 

130. (GTE.) 

131. (TCH.) 



Hoard's Proceedings 

Forest number 

and dat^. 



24 

62 

63 

109 

1.32 

144 

146 

157 

165 

172 

201 

204 

223 

235 

23ri 

10 

43 

44 

49 

70 

10 

111 

116 

127 

40 

88 

178 

227 

242 

11 

57 

173 

179 

202 

203 

214 

218 

2 

34 

91 

124 

125 

126 

127 

130 

140 

141 

142 

150 

159 

199 

47 

163 

174 

208 

219 

20 

22 

58 

92 

93 



1904 
1904 
1904 
1904 
1905 



10 Feb. 1904 

30 Mar. 1904 

31 Mar. 1904 

7 June 1904 

8 July 1904 
26 J.ily 1904 

26 July 1904 
8 Aug. 1904 

16 Aug. 1904 
20 Aug. 1904 

3 Oct. 1904 

10 Oct. 
8 Nov, 

25 Nov. 

25 Nov. 
12 Jan. 
20 Feb. 1905 
20 Feb, 1905 

27 Feb. 1905 
20 Mar. 1905 

11 May 1905 
22 Mav 1905 
31 Miiy 1905 

14 June 1905 

8 teb. 1906 

4 Apl. 1906 

15 May 1906 
19 Oct. 1906 

19 Nov. 1906 

17 Jan. 1907 

20 Mar. 1907 

26 Aug. 1907 

7 Sept, 1907 
14 Oct. 

14 Oct. 
4 Nov 

9 Nov, 1907 
3 Jan. 1908 

15 Feb. 
£7 Apl. 

8 July 1908 
8 July 1908 
8 Julv 1908 

8 July 1908 

9 Julv 1908 

27 July 1908 
27 July 1908 

27 July 1908 
1 Aug, 1908 

25 Aug. 1908 
17 Nov. 1908 

10 Mai-. 1909 

11 Sept. 1909 
22 Sept. 1909 
10 Nov. 1909 

1 Nov. 1909 

28 Jan. 1910 
31 Jan. 1910 

3 Mar. 1910 

12 Apl. 1910 
12 Apl. 1910 



1907 
1907 
1907 



1908 
1908 



ABBEEVIATIONS. 



T. = Large tree normally over 50' high, 

minute leaves = under 5 inch long 

approximately. 
T. = Medium tree normally over 20' — 50 

high, very short or small leaves = i to 

IJ inches long approximately. 
t. = small tree normally under 20' high, 

small or short leaves = lj to 3 inches 

long approximately. 
SH. = Large shrub normally over 6' high, 

medium leaves = 3 to 6 inches long 

approximately. 



8H. = Medium shrub normally over 4' — 6' 

high, long or large leaves = 6 to 12 inches 

long approximately. 
8h. = Small shrub normally under 4' high, 

very long or large leaves = over 12 inches 

long approximately. 
CL. = Large Climber. 
CL. = Medium Climber, 
cl. = Small climber. 
X. = Introduced Plant. 



Districts, localities and general term: 



Agt. = Agency Tracts of the Northern 

Circars. 
AEms. = Anairaa1ai Hills of UBT : MBR : 

CCN: TRV: 
Antg. = Anantagiri Hills of VZM : 
aren. = arenacious soils. 
Armd. = Armed with spines or prickles. 
ATP. = Anantapur district. 
att8. = arid tracts. • 

Ayms. = Ayamalai Hills of CBT. 
Bctn.= Black cotton soils. 
Bdn8.= Bababuden Hills of Mysore. 
BEL.= Bellavy district. 
Bglr. = Bangalore. 
Bgms.= Biligirangam Hills of CBT. and 

MYS. 
Bgts. = Balaghat Hills of all districts 

bordering MYS. 
Bopt. = Bolampatti Hills of CBT. 
Brgh. = Burghur Hills of CBT. 
CAN'. = S. Canara district. 
CANS. = Canara southwards to Ceylon. 
CBT. = Coimbatore district. 
CCH. = Cochin State. 
GDP. = Cuddapah district. 
CKNs.=Conkan and all South. 
CLN. = Ceylon. 
Cnto. = Carnatic or country below ghaut's 

south of GDV. Don. and Mplt: 
Coct.^=Coromandel Coast. 
Cpks. = Palkonda Hills of ODP. 
CPT. = Chingleput district. 
ORG. = Coorg State. 
Cult. = Cultivated. 
DCX. = Deccan, including KML. GDP. 

BEL. ATP. 
DCNh. = Deccan Hills. 
Ddgl. = DJndignl in MRA. 
Degn. = Dry evergreen forest; (see Gbl. 

129, 623, etc.). 
Dnkt. = Denkanikota Hills of SLM. 
Dtt8. = Dry tracts. 
ECT. = PJast Coast. 
Egts. = Eastern Ghauts. 
Egn. = Evergreen. 
Ehl8.= Everywhere in the hills. 
Epis. = Everywhere in the plainfi. 
Epph. = Epiphyte. 



Fqt. = Preqnent or common. 

Fswp. = Freshwater swamps. 

GDV. = Godavari district. 

Ggds. = Golgonda Hills in VZM. 

GJM. = Gar)iam district. 

Gmer. = Gnmsur in GJM. 

GTR. = Guntur district. 

His. == Elills. 

— a. = u)) to about 1,000 ft. 

— b. = from about 1,000— 2,,500 ft. 

—c. = from about 2,500— 4,000 ft. 

— d.=from about 4,000—6,000 ft. 

—e.= above 0000 ft. 

Jprs. =Jeypore Hills in VZM. 

Jvd8. = Javadi Hills in SLM., NAG. and 

SAC. 
Kbkm. = Kambakam Hills in NLGS. 
KNL. = Kumool district. 
Kols. =Kollemalai Hills in SLM. 
Kpl8. = Kondapalli Hills in K8N. 
KSN'. = Ki8tna district. 
Ktlm. = Kuttalam in TVY. 
Lcvs. = Laccadive (Lakkadivi) Islands. 
Litl.= Littoral, along the coast. 
Lkms. =La7]kamalai Hills of CDP. 
MBR. = Malabar district. 
Mbrc. = Malabar Coast. 
Mdgm. =Malliamma dnrgam Hills in CBT. 
Mdmi.=Mudumalai Hills of NLGS. 
Mdps. = Madanapalli and Sub-division 

Hills of CDP. 
MAS. = Madras. 

Md8m.= Madeswaramalai Hills of CBT. 
Mgrs. = Melagiri Hills of SLM. 
Mgvs. = Mangrove Swamps. 
Mhgi.=Mahendragiri Hills of GTM. 
Mnd. = Maluaaof MYS. 
Moh8. = Mohiri Hills of GJM, 
MRA. = Madura district. 
Mtts. = Moist tiacte. 
M YS , = Mysore State. 
NAC. = North Arcot district. 
Noes. = Northern Circars. 
Ncct. = Northern Circars Coast. 
NEL. = Nelloie district. 
Ngri.=^Nagari Hills of CPT. and NAC. 
NLGS. = Nilgiii Hills. 
Nems.=Nallemalai Hills of KNL,and CDP. 



AfiBtlKVIAl'IO^fS. 



Nlpfc. = 

CCH 
Odco. = 

Coofc. 
Odcfc. - 

CAN 
ORS. ^ 
Par. = 
Pohs. = 

TOR 
Pdov. ^ 
Pdkl. ^ 
Fat.— 
Pkds. -- 

ATP, 
Pkia. ^ 
Pins. = 
Pnds. = 

GTR 
Pnis. = 
Ppsm. : 
QlL. = 

(R.) = 
Ravs. = 
Rdgs. = 
Rfds. = 
Rkps. = 
Rpas. = 
Ew. = 
SAC.= 



N'ollianipsii ITills of M13R. and 

Evorywhoro from ORS. down 

Evervwhero from ORS, Den. 
.to TVY. 
:: Orissa. 
Parasite. 
= Pachaimalai Hills of SLM. and 

= Pondiclierrj'. 
I'oiidivkhol Agoncy of GJM. 
Palghat (MBR.). 

- Penukonda and Southern Hills of 

- Parlikimedi Agency of GJM. 
: In the plains. 
= Palnadand Vinukonda Hills of 

: Palni Hills of MRA. 

= Papanasam Hills of TVY. 

Quilon (TRV.). 

Rare, or uncommon. 

= Ravines. 

= Ramandrtig and hills of BEL. 

= Rice fields. 

= Rekapalli Hills of GOV. 

= Earn pa Hills of GDV. 

Run Wild (cult, exotic). 

; South Arcot distrii;t. 



Sarm. ^ Srrat (q.v.). 

Sgts.^ Southern gliaiits of MRA. and TVV, 

Sho6. = Sholas, or dense evergreen 

forestH. 
SLM. ^- Salem district. 
Srkt. - Siih.-irikota Island of NEL. 
Srint. or Sarm. ^ Sarmentoae. 
Ssls. — Saline Soils. 
Sswp. - Salt Swamps. 
Svgs. ^- Sivagiri Hills of TVY. 
Svry. = Shevaroy Hills of SLM. 
TGH. = Trichinopoly district. 
Tdld. = Tendrilled. 
TJR. :=^ Tanjore district. 
Tmls. -— Tenmalai Hills of SAC. 
TRV. -^ Travancore State. 
TVY. = Tinnevelly district. 
fjy:th. = Undergrowth. 
Vgds. - Veligonda Hills of KNL. CDP. 

and NEL. 
Vpks. = Palkonda Hills of VZM. 
VZM. = Vizagapatam district. 
Wet. = Weat coast. 
Wfts. = Western lorests, including MYS., 

Mnd., CRO., CAN.. MBR., CCH., 

TRV., TVY., MRA., Pnis, CBT., Anms, 

Bopt, NLGS. 
Wgts. =^ Western Ghauts. 
Wnd.=^ Wynaad of MBR. and NLGS. 
Yrms. = Yerramalai Hills of KNL. 



SCHEME OF ROMAN SPELLING 

FOR THE 

ALPHABETS OF THE PRINCIPAL LANGUAGES USED 
IN THE PRESIDENCY. 



Tamil. 


Telugn. 


CaiiaresP. 


Malay alam. 


Uriya. 


Sanskrit. 


Roman equivalent 
under this scheme. 


^ 


^ 


ef). 


;Q^ 


- 


1 

3T 


a 


^ 1 


es 


05 


^s<b 


n 


«fT 


a 


g) 


SI 


'51 


^ 


Q 


^f 


i 


FF 


-^ 


^ 


CCo 


4^ 


f 


i 








£ 
£<!) 




^ 
^ 


u 

5 [17] 




2»0 










— 


^ 






S 


^ 


ly 


— 


<^ 




~ 


^. 




e 


or 


oi 


=:) 


f^ 


o 




e 


67 


a 


^ 


a^ 


- 


ai 


^ 


S) 


so 




^ 


^ 





9 


z. 


a. 


65 


^ 


■^ 


_ 




k. 
^ 


1. 










^u 

h 


o 
oo 


% 


8 


s 


8 


• 




<ssr 


o 


o 


c 


^n 


- 


lii before labials ; 
otherwise, n 


<*H 


r 


=5^ 


+v. 


•5^ 


^ 


k 


- 


4) 


SO 


6U 


<51 


^ 


k'b ; when 
double, kk'h. 


«mn 


i X 


7^ 


CO 


ei 


^ 


g 


- 


' ^ 


^ 


(Xfil 


Q 


^ 


g'h ; when 
double, gg'h. 


im 


: 2i 


2C 


s^ 


' s^' V] 


^ 


n 


*n 


^n 


2:^ 


i2J 





=^ 


c, ; when 
double, CQ. 



SCHEME OF ROMAN SPELLING. 



11 



Tamil. 


Telaga. 


CanareBH 


Malayalam. 


TJriya. 


Sanskrit. 


Roman equivalent 
under this scheme. 


- 


^ 


e^ 


ax^ 


^ 


?J 


c'h ; when 
double, ?5'h 


5^orep] 


-n 


d^. 


^ 


9 or £i 


^ 


i 


— 


6op 


dbp 


fOVU 


^ 


^ 


j'h; when 
double, jj'h 


&n 


s^ 


'S? 


GYQ,^ 


f 


5T 


n ; when 
double, an. 


L.[n 


fo 
g 


5^ 


S 

o 


O 


3 


t'h ; [10] when 
double, tt'h. 


i-n 


as 


^ 
^ 


C\JU 

(\J3 


9 


^ 
^ 


d'h ; [i°j wheD 
double, dd'h. 


<6M! 




4 






2f 


t[ii] 

t'h ; [11] when 
double, tt'h 


^n n 


£ 

^ 


C5 


(3 


9 
y 


^ 
^ 


d[ii] 

d'h ; [11] when 
double, dd'h. 




5" 


^ 

^ 

^ 


CD 


9 


'15 


n[ii] 

P 

p'h ; when 

double, pp'h 


u ni'j 




20 






sr 
^ 


b 

b'h ; when 
double, bb'h. 


in 


sSo 


s5o 


<;^ 


a 


^ 


m 


(JV 


-r 


i> 


C/9 


CI 


^ 


8 [1°] 


fjt) 


si 
s6- 




OPO 


€1 


^ 
^ 
f 


sh 

b[ii] 
h 


lU 
00 






.7) 




^ 

T 
^ 


y 

r [11] 
l[ii] 

L— . 



12 



SCHEME OP EOMAN SPELLING. 



Tamil. 


'ielugu. 


Canarese. 


Malayalam. 


Uriya, 


Sanskrit. 


Roman equivalent 
under this scheme. 


SU 


SS 


55 


CU 


9 


^ 


V (uriya, w) [^^] 


cS&^ 


5L 


^ 


(j&£Ci 


iSI 


^ 


ksh (iirija, khy) 


SVf 


r 


s/ 


§. 


Q 


o5 


m 


/» 


feS 


ea 


O 


_ 


- 


r [10] (when 










double, 














pronounced It ; 














L^] but tiansli 














terated rr,) 


bp 






y^ 






i 



Notes f 07^ pure Tamil words. — \}~\ «, ^, u are transliterated bj k, t, 
]) when initial, or when double. [^] -i, js, u are transliterated bj g, d, b 
when not initial, and when not double. L^^J * is pronounced j when 
following ^, and the two letters are transliterated ii?. [*] t^ is trans- 
literated by t when initial or double. [*] l is transliterated by d 
when media! and single, [*^]jI)!D — pronounced tt. Note for words borrowed 
by Tamil direct Jrom Sanskrit and. the Prakrits — [^j », ^, u, when initial, 
may on occasion stand for the sounds g, d, b, and can then be pronounced 
accordingly ; but as the sounds in this pobitiunare entirely foreign to the 
bulk of the Tamil-speaking population, the original transliteration is 
retained, Notes for pure Tetugu words. — [^] iS is pronounced ts when 

followed by the vowels a, a, u, ti, o, o, or au otherwise pronounced c- 
\^] K IS pronounced-dz when followed by the vowels a, a, u, u, o, 5, or 

au otherwise pronounced ]• ['°] in these Ifitters the tongue is rolled 
back so as to louch the roof of the palate. [^H In these letters the tip 
of the ton^vue touches the back of the teeth. [^^J A very soft v, almost w. 
['^] Writtea in the righi hand top corner of the letter before giviag 
it a soft nasal soucd like the terminal n, in French conversation. 
['^1 Combined with k or g [^^J Variously represented as n^ b, rl, rhl, 
bj, zj^ zh, zy, xh, and an admixture of all these together may perhaps 
come somewhere near the correct pronunciation which, as Dr. Maclean 
says, represents a sound "8ui Generio." [i*"] Very soft, almost bg, 
[1'^] In Uriya almost " ory ". 



LIST OF SOME OF Thll^^. MO HE ixMFORTANT BOTANISTS 

WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED TOWARDS THE 

NOMENCLATURE OF PLANTS. 

TAKEN MOSTLY FROM NICHOLSON'S DICTIONARY OF GARDENING WITH 
A FEW ADDITIONS FROM HOOKER'S FLORA* OF BRITISH INDIA. 



Auanson. 
Afzelius. 
Aitchison. 
Aiton. 
Andinsin. 
Anderson (T). 
Andrews. 
Arnott. 
Aublet. 
Backhouse. 
Baillon. 
Baker. 
Belfour. 

Bflt'our (junior). 
• Banks. 

Bertling. 

Barton 

Beanvois (Pari.sot 
de). 

Beccari. 

Beddome. 

Benfcham. 

Bentlej', 

Bergius. 

Bern hard i. 

Bertero 

Bertol 

Besser. 

Bieberstein. 

Bienert, 

Bischof. 

Blanco. 

Blume. 

Boissier. 

Bojer. 

Bonpland. 

BorkhauHL'n. 
. Bory. 

Bouche. 

Bourdillon. 

Brandis. 

Brongniart. 

Brongniart (A). 

Brown. 

Brown (N.E.). 

Brown (R.). 

Browne (P.). 



Buchanan-Hamil- 
ton 

Buese. 

Bunge. 

Burmann. 

Cambessedes. 

Carey. 

Carriere. 

Cassini. 

Cavanilles. 

Cervantes. 

(^hamisso. 

Champion. 

Chevrolat. 

Choisy. 

Clarke. 

Coemaua (E). 

Colebrooke. 

Commerson. 

Corda. 

Correa da Serra. 

Criiger. 

Cunningham 
(Allan). 

Cusson, 

Cuvier. 

Dalzell. 

De Bary. 

Decaisne. 

De Candolle. 

De Candolle 
(Alphonse). 

Delile. 

Desfontaines. 

Des'voeux. 

Dietrich. 

*Dillenius. 

Don. 

Don (D). 

Don (G). ■ 

Dougliis. 

Drudo. 

Dryauder. 

Duby. 

Duchai-tres. 

Dufour. 

Dumortier. 



Dunal. 

Duncan. 

Durazzini. 

Duthie, 

Du-val. 

Dyer (Thistleton). 

Ecklon. 

Edgeworth. 

Ehrenberg. 

Ehrhart. 

Elliot. 

Ellis. 

Endlicher. 

Eschsoholtz. 

Fa.bficius. 

Falconer. 

Fallen. 

Fenzl. 

Eeuille. 

Fischer. 

Forbes. 

Forskahl. 

Forster. 

Fortune. 

Foug^re. 

Freitschke. 

Fries. 

Frivaldsky. 

Gaertner. 

Gaertner (junior). 

Gs rdner. 

Gasparrini. 

Gaudiehaud. 

Gay (J). 

Geoffroy. 

Germar. 

Giiibert. 

Gleditsch. 

Gmelin. 

Guielin (S. P). 

Godron. 

Gomez. 

Gordon. 

Gouan. 

Goudot. 

Graham. 

Gray (Asa). 



Grenier. 

Greville. 

Griffith. 

Grisebach. 

Gronovius. 

Guinea. 

Guillemin, 

Hacke). 

Haller. 

HaJler. 

Hamilton. 

Hance. 

Hartig. 

Harvey. 

HasskarJl. 

Haworth. 

Heister. 

Hemsley. 

Herbert. 

Herbst. 

Heurck, 

Heyne. 

Hiern. 

Hochstetter. 

Hoffmann. 

Hohenacker. 

Hooker (W.J). 

Hooker (J.D). 

HornemaTm. 

Host. 

Hudson. 

Huegel. 

Humboldt. 

lUiger. 

Jack. 

Jackson. 

Jacqueuiont. 

Jacqnin. 

■lacquin (junior). 

Jaubert. 

Jordon. 

Jurine. 

Jnssieu. 

Jussieu (Adrien de). 

Kaempfer. 

Karsten. 

Kanlfuss. 



14 



LIST OP PRINCIPAL BOTANISTS. 



Ker. 

Ker-Gawi 

King. 

Kippist. 

Kitaibel. 

KlaU. 

Klein. 

Klotzsch. 

Kiiapp. 

Knowles. 

Koch. 

Koch (C). 

Koeuig'. 

Korthals. 

K until. 

Kurz. 

L.abillardiere. 

Lagasca. 

La Marok. 

Lambert. 

Lange. 

Lapeyroiise. 

Latreille. 

Laxmann. 

Leach. 

Ledebonr. 

Lehmann. 

Lemaire. 

Leschenaiilt. 

Leasing. 

Lexarxa. 

L'Heritier. 

Liboschitz. 

Licbtenstein. 

Linden. 

Linfiley. 

Link. 

LinnEeas. 

Linusens (iiinior.) 

Lisboa. 

Llave. 

Loddiges. 

London. 

Loureiro. 

Lowe. 

Lozano. 

Maingay. 

Maratti. 

Marshall. 

Martias. 

Masters. 

Maton. 

Maximowicz. 

Mazzncato. 

Medikus. 

Megerle. 

Meissner. 

Meyer (C. A.). 

Meyer (E.). 

Meyer (Ernst.). 

Meyer (G. A. F. W.). 

Meyer (G. F. M.). 



Meyer (G. W.). 

Michaux. 

Micheli. 

Miers. 

Mikan. 

Miller. 

Miquel. 

Mirbel. 

Mitchell. 

Moehring", 

Moench. 

Molina. 

Moon. 

Moore. 

Moricand 

M orron . 

Muehlenberg. 

Mueller. 

Mueller (P). 

Munro. 

Matis. 

N and in. 

Necker. 

Nees von Esenber^ 

Nimmo. 

Kolte. 

Noronha. 

Nuttall. 

Ochsenheimer. 

Oliver. 

Opitz. 

Ortega. 

Otto. 

Page. 

Parish. 

Parlatore. 

Parry. 

Passerini. 

Pavon. 

Paxton. 

Perrottet. 

Persoon, 

Pfeiffer. 

Philippi. 

Planchon. 

Plnmier. 

Poeppig. 

Pohl. 

Poiret. 

Pciteau. 

Pourret. 

Presl. 

Pursh. 

Rabenhorst. 

Raddi. 

Kafinesque. 

Ramond. 

Regel. 

Reichenbach. 

Reichenbach 

(junior). 
Reinwardt. 



Remy. 

Retz. 

Rheede. 

Richard (Aohille). 

Richard (L. C). 

Roemer 

Roh). 

Roland. 

Rolander. 

Rogcoe. 

Roth. 

Rottboell. 

Bottler. 

Roxburgh. 

Royle. 

Rudge. 

Rudolphi. 

Ruiz. 

Russel. 

Sabine. 

Salisbury. 

Salm-Pyck. 

Savi. 

Scbauer. 

ScheiSer. 

ScLeffler. 

Scheidwerler. 

Schimper. 

Schitzlein. 

Schlechtendahl. 

Schmidt (J, W.). 

Schnitzlein. 

Schoenherr. 

Schoiiiburgk. 

Schott. 

Schrader, 

Schranck. 

Schrank. 

Schreber. 

Schultes. 

Schnltlz. 

Schumacher. 

Scopoli. 

Seemann. 

Sendtner. 

Seringa. 

Siebold. 

Sims. 

Smith. 

Smith (J). 

Solander. 

Solms. 

Sonder. 

Sonnerat. 

Spach. 

Spanoghe. 

Sparrmann. 

SprengeJ. 

Stapf. 

Steetz. 

Steinheil. 

Stephan. 



Stephens. 

Stuedel. 

Stewart (J. L.). 

St. Hilaire. 

Stocks. 

Strachey. 

Swartz. 

Sweet. 

Talbot. 

Teijemann, 

Tenore. 

Teysmann. 

Thomson. 

Thouars. 

Thunberg. 

Thwaites. 

Todo. 

Ton-ey. 

Tonrnefort. 

Tozetti (Targioni). 

Treitschke. 

Triane. 

Trim en. 

Trinius. 

Tulasne. 

Tarczanincw. 

Tussac. 

Unger. 

Vahl, 

Vandelli. 

Vellozo. 

Ventenat. 

Vieillard. 

Vignier. 

Villars. 

Visiani. 

Vagel. 

Waldestein. 

Wallich. 

Walpers. 

Walter. 

Warner. 

Watson (.7). 

Webb. 

Weddell. 

Welwitsch. 

Weudland (H). 

VVestcott. 

Wiggers. 

Wight. 

Willdenow. 

Winterbottom. 

Woronin. 

Wurmb. 

Zeyhrer. 

Zippelius. 

Zollikofer. 

Zollinger. 

Zuccarini. 



PRONUNCTATION AND DERIVATION OF 
BOTANICAL NAMES. 



a, 


as in apar^,. 




fi. 


as in slt'nrler 




1, V 


, as in thru. 




o> 


as in jofcten 




«, 


as in powerful 




c 
uh 


• always hard, as 


f 



= ai, as in ^a»». 



An attempt has been made to give ronsfhly the pronunciation of foreign names 
in nompositiou, it must be remonibored, the silent linal n, t, and other letters are 
pronounced, i.e. Garnot [Garr No.] becomes Garnotia [Garr-no-tee-a] ; the 
nasal in [ang.], etc. : become ine [een.], etc. : such nasal sounds ai'e of course 
merely approximate. 

lu words derived from Latin and Greek, the following is the table ol pronunci- 
ation, artoptea by Nicholson : — 

a, as in Psalnjjfist. a 

e, as in veined. o 

i, y, as in maohmist e 

o, as in voter au =on, as in house. 

u, as in rtZler. 

c in muscular "j Greek and Latin dipthongs, with 

ch in c/iristian \ two separate letters, have in 

g in good j the text been marked with a 

long accent over them as a. 

Herein, orders, genera, and derivatives from persons, names have been com- 
menced with capitals ; species, etc. (unless also a genus or personal derivative), 
with small letters. 

Note : — A great many terms have become anglicized technically ; e.g., aristatus — 
aristate, uncinatus — uncinate, and so forth. 

Ab-el'-i-a ... ... {cofn.^ Dr. Chas. 46ei, Physician to Lord Amherst's Embassy 

to China (18S7) (N. 3/1),- 
Ab'-i-es ... ... Aheo (Latin), to rise; (all :) aspiring of habit of growth 

the tree (N. 1/1) ; 
Ab-nor-ma'-lis ... 1 {Latin), abnormal; in which some departure takes plaoe from 

Ab-nor'-mis ...J the ordinary structure of the family, or genus, to which 

a given plant belongs ; 
Ab-ro'-ma ... ... a, broma (Greek), not food; (all:) its unwholesomeness 

(N. 1/3) ; 
Ab-rot'-an-um ... (Latin), name of the plant, used by Horace, a Soman poet 

65-8 B.C. (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 
A'-brus ... ... abros (Greek), soft; (all:) extreme softuess of the leaves 

(N. 1/3); 
ab-u'-til-if-ol-i-a ... abutilon, folium (Latin), abutilon, leaf; (all :) resemblance 

of leaves ; 
ab-u'-til-o-i-des ... abutilon, ejdos (Greek) abutilon, likeness; (all:) resem- 

blance of plant ; 
Ab-u'-til-on ... ... (4ra6ic), name of this, or similar, plant (N. 1/3) ; 

Ac-a'-ci-a .. ... ac (Celtic), point, or akazo (Greek) sharpen; (all :) spmoua 

thorns of most species (N. 1/5); 
Ac-al'-yph-a ... ,.. akaluphe (Greek), nettle, name given by Hippocrates (N. 

1/7), akalephe is the Lexicon name for nettle, which would 

brinif the accent on the penultimate syllable i 
Ac-anth-a-ce-SB ... (Latin) Acanthus Family, or Order; 

Ac-anth'-oph-(p-nix ... alantha, phoinix (Greek), spine. Date Palm ; (all :) stem 

densely armed with black needle shaped spines (N. 1/7). 
Ao-anth'-ns ... ... akanthos (Greek), Spine-, (all:) prickly nature of many species 

(N. 1/8) ; 
ao-au'-lis ... ... (Greek), stemless; 

ac'-cre'-tns (Xaiin), accrete ; fastened to another body, and growing with it j 



16 



PRONUNCIATION AND LVERIVATION. 



Ao'-er ... 



ao'-er-if-ol-i-um 

a-cor-o'-su8 ... 
ac-e-tab-ul-if-or'-rais 

Ach-i'-ras 

Ach'-ras 

ac-ic-ul-a'-ris ... 

ac'-id-a 

ao-id-is'-sim-a 

ac-id'-ul-a 

ac-i-nac-if-or'-mis 

Ac-roo ar'pus 
Ac-ron-ych'-i-a 

Ac-roa'-tioh-um 



a- oris .. 
Ac-te'-phil-a .., 
Ao-ti'-nod-aph-ne 

a-oti'-noph-yl'-la 

Ac-ti'-norh'-yt is 

ac-u'-le-a'-ta ... 

ao-u'-min-a'-ta 

ao-Ti'-ta 

ac-u-tang'-nl-a 

ac-Ti-ta't-a 

ac-u-tif-lo'rnm 

ac-n-tit'-ol'-iuui 

ac-u-tis'-sini'a 

Ad-an-Bo'-ni ... 

Ad-an-so'-nia 



Ad-e -nan-the'-i'a 

Ad-e'-noclike-na 

ad-e'-noph'-or-a 

ad-e'-noph-yl'-lum 

Ad-e'-nos-ac'me 

ad-hse'-rens ... 

A'-dhat-o'-da 

Ad'-ia-a 

ad-na'-ta 
ad-press '-tun 

ad-un'-oa 
ad-ver'-sus 
^g-ic'-er-as ... 



acer (Latin), name used by Ovid, a Roman Poet 48 B.C. 

17 A.D. ; (Cass. Lat. Die.) wrongly supposed to be 

connected with deer, sharp, as the wood wa8 formerly 

used for pikes (N. 1/9, 5/349) ; 

acer, folium (Latin), mafle, leaf; (all:) resemblance of 

leaves ; 
(Latin), needle .■ihaped ; linear, rigid, tapering to a fine point j 
(Latin), concave, depressed, rouiid, with a border turned a 

little inwards ; 
Acheirug ((iieek) withotit hands ; (all :) uncertain j 
achras (Greek) ivild Peach; (all:) supposed resemblance, 
(Laiiw), needle-like ; 
(Latin), sour ; 
(Latin), very sour ; 
(Latin), rather sour ; 
(Latin), scimitar shaped ; curved, plane on two sides, the coh- 

cave border thick, the convex border thin ; 
Akros, karpos (Greek), at the top, fruit ; 
Akron, onux (Greek), tuft, claiv j (all:) curved points of 

petals. (N. 1/8) ; 
Akros, stichos (Greek), outermost, row ; (all :) the disposition 
of the Sori (patches of spore oases) has been compared 
to beginning of lines of verse, they cover the whole 
pinna (N. ]/8) j 
(Latin), pungent ; 

Akte, pJiilos, (Greek), raised place, loving ,■ (all :) liabitat ; 
Aktis (Akimos) daphne (Greek), of a ray, Bay Laurel; (all:) 

verticellfd leaves and affinity ; 
Aktinos, phullon (Greek), ray leaved ; 
Aktinos, rhytis (Greek), ray, wrinkle; 
(Latin), armed ivith prickles (N. 1/22) ; 

(Latin), extended gradually into an acute terminal angle (N.1/22); 
(Latin), Sharp pointed (N. 1/22) ; 
(Latin), with acute angles ; 
(Latin), sharpened ; 
(Latin), with acute floicers : 
(Latin), tvith acute leaves 
(Latin), very acute ; 
( Latin), of Adanson j 

Michel' Andanson (com.) [(pr.) Mee-shail Ard-arug-sorng], 
eminent French scientist and traveller, born 1727 (t^. 1/25 
Enc. Brit) author of " Families des plantes " 1703 ; 
aden anthera (Greek) ; (all :) anthers terminating in a deciduous 

pedicellate gland (N. 1/23) ; 
dden, chldina, (Greek), gland, woollen overcoat ; (all:) pubes- 
cent and mealy calyx with glands at the base outside; 
aden, phoreo (Greek), gland bearing (N. 1/23) ; 
aden, phtollon (Greek), glandular leaved ; 

aden (g, ddenos) akme (Greek), gland, extremity ; (all :) glands 
on the margins of the stipules, bracts, and in the sinus of 
the calyx lobes ; 
(Latin), adhering ; united laterally by the whole surface with 

another organ ; 
dd^hatodai (Tamil), name of the plant; Nicholson places the 
accent on the second syllable, which is obviously incorrect ; 
ddinos (Greek), crowded ; (all :) iiowers being disposed in heads, 

(N. 1/29) ; 
(Latin), grown to anxjthing by the irhole surface (N. 1/29) ; 
(Latin), brought into close contact, without adhering, to anything 

(N. 1/29) ; 
(Latin), bent inirards ; 

(Latin), opposite (q.v.) ; pointing directly to a particular place ; 
Aix (g. aigos), keras (Greek), goat, horn ; (all :) shape of the 
fruit (N. 1/30) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



17 



fBg-yp'-ti-ac-a 
ooqna'-lis 
aB-quil-at/-er-n8 
aaq-na'-to-ri-a'-lis 
<B-c|iia' tus 

A-er-i'-dg8 

.iEr'-u-a 
iE-re-n8 
se-ri'-nus 
ae-rQ-giii-o'-8U8 

jEs-chyn-om'-en-e 

j(E8'-cul-Tia 

af-fi -nis 
af-ric-a'-na 
Ag-al'-loch-a ... 

Ag-an-os'-raa ... 

Ag'-ath-is 
Ag-a'-ve 

ag-greg-a'-ta 

Ag-lai'-a 

Ag-ro'-stis'-tacli-ys 



Ag-ro'-stis 
Ai-lanth'-Tis ... 

Al-ang'-i-um ... 
a-la'-Lns 

al'-ba 

al-beB'-cens ... 

al'-bic-ans 

al'-bid-if-lo'-ra 

al'-bid-ns 

al-bif-lo'ra ... 

Al-biz'-zi-a ... 

al-bo-coc-cin'-e-a 

al-bo-li'-ne-a'-ta 

al.bo-DQar -gin-a'-ta. 

Al-chor'-ne-a 

Al-eu-ri'-tes 

al-ex-i-te'-ri-a 
Al-ha'-gi 

AU-am-an'da 

2 



(Claa.), one of the Hesperides (N. 1/30), daughters of the evening 
living in an i.sland in the extreme west, in a garden with 
golden apples, guarded by a dragon (CasH. Lat Die.) ; 
(loc.) pertaining to Egypt ; in North Africa ; 
1 {Latin), equal ; when the aides of a figure on both sides of its 
J axis are symmetrical ; 
{loc.) belonging to the equator ; 

{Latin), even ; the reverse of anything expressive of inequality 
of Burfjice ; 

a't'r (Latin), of the air ; {all -.) power of deriving sustenance 

from the air (N. 1/31 ' ; 
JErotui {Arabic), name of the plant (N. 5/25) ; 

> {Latin), bronze ; deep brown with a redmettalic lustre ; 

{Latin), verdigris-green ; dark clear green, with admixture of 
blue ; 

aty'chnnomal (Greek), to be ashamed ; {all :) sensitive leaves of 

some species (N. 1/33) ; 
{Latin), name given to a kind of oak with edible fruit [from 

esca, nourishment] ; by Pliny (q.v.) (N. 1/34); 
{Latin), akin to ; 
{loc.) pertaining to Africa ; 
dgallo, ocha {Greek), To make glorious, exceedingly ; {all :) 

delightful .scent of the wood ; 
dganos, osma {Greek), mifd, smell ; {all :) scent of the flowers 
^ (.N. 1/35) ; 

dgathos {Greek), noble ; {all -.) stately form of the trees ; 
dgaud {Greek), admirable ; {all •.) sr.ately form in which some 

flower (N, 1 35) , often mispronounced (N 4/349) ; 
{Latin), gathered together (N'.l/42); clustered; collected in 

parcels, each of which his a roundish figure; 
{Clas.)j one of the Graces (eldest, — Cass. Lat. Die.) ; {alt :) 

beauty and sweet scent of the flowers (if. 1/42) ; 

dgrosti.9, stachys {Greek), Bent grass, spike ; {all :) short spikes 
of densely imbricate glumaceons bracts, each with 1 — 3 flowers, 
in the inflorescence ; 
dgrostis {Greek), name of the grass (N. 1/43, 4/349) ; 
ai-lan-to {Chinese), Tree of Heaven ; (all :) its loftv growth 

(N. 1 Al4) ; 
Azhincil (corrupted to alanji) {Tamil), name of the tree j 
{Latin), ^tinged, furnished with membranous expansion 

(N. 1/45) ; 
{Latin), u-hite [of six types] : 1 Bnow, 2 pure or lily, 8 ivory, 4 

milk, 5 chalk, 6 silvery! ; 
(Latin), changing to a whiti.sh cast from some other colour • 
{Latin), growing trhtte (N. 1/45) ; 
{Latin), whitish powered ; 

{Latin), xchitish, any of the six types of white a little soiled ; 
{Latin), white Jloicered ; 

{com.), Albizzt [(pr :) Arl-beetzy] Italian botanist (N. 1/45) ; 
{Latin), white and scarlet ; 
{Latin), white lined -., 
{Latin), rvhite bordered ; 
{com.) Stanesbv Alchorne, Assay Master in the Mint died 

about 1800 (N. 5/31); 
dleuron {Greek), nheaten flour ; (aZi:) plant appearing to be dusted 

with a farinaceous substance (W. 1/49) ; 
alexeterion {Greek) rremedif ; {all :) supposed medical properties. 
al-Edgi {Arabic), the pilgrim; {all:) furnishes manna; the 

name of the tree (N. 1/46, McL. 38) ; 
{com.) Dr. Allamand [(pr:) Arl-lar-marnd] of Leydem, who 
first communicated the seeds to Linnaeus (N. ] /46) ; 



18 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



All-oph-y'-lus 



al-lu'-ghas 
al-nif-ol'-i-a ... 
Al'-nus 
Al'-b-e 

al'-o-if-ol-i-um 
Al-on-8o'-a ... 

Alphons'-e-a ... 



al-pi'-na 
Al-pi'-ni-a 

Al-se-od-aph-ne 

Al-so-dei'-a ... 

Al-soph'il-a ... 
Al-sfco'-ni-a ... 

alter '-na 

al-tern-if-ol'-i-a 

al-tis'-sim-a ... .., 
al-u-ta'-ce-a ... 
al-ve-ol-a'-tus 

Al-yx'-i-a 

am-a'-bil-e 

am-a'-ra ... ... 

Am'-ar-an-ta'-ce-a"" ... 

A m'-ar-\ I'-lid-a'-ce-a?. 

am-big'-u-a ... 
a-men-ta'ce-a 

am-er'ic-a'-na 
Am-mo<i-eu'-di'on 
Am-mon-il'-la 
am-aj'-nns 
Am-o'-mDin ... 

Am-oo'-ra 
Am-orph'-a ... 

Am'-pel-id-a'-ce-ae .. 

am-phig'-en-us 
Am-phil-oph'-i-uni .., 

am-phit'-iop-u8 

am-plec'-tans 
am-plex'-ic-au'-le 
am-plex'-if-ol'-i-a ... 
am-yg'-daH'-na 



alios, phi'dlon {Greek), diiferse leaf ; {all :) excessive variability in 
form, indumentum, serratures, etc., of the leaves ; sometimes, 

but not originally, spelt with 2 I's in phyllua ; 
allahu, ghas {Arabic), god's grass; {all -.) fragrance ; 
{Latin), alder leaved ; 

al-lan {Celtic) near bank of river ; {all-.) liabitat (N. 1/49) ; 
alloch {Arabic) [through Aloe {Greek)], name of the plant 

(N. 1/51) ; 
{Latin) aloe leaved ; 
(com.) L. Alonso, formerly Spanish secretary for Santa Fede 

Bogota (N. 1/53) ; 
(com.) Alplionse de CandoUe [(pr :) Arl-forns der (Carn-dole)j 

French botanist of Geneva, (Ch) author of " Laws of Bota- 
nical Nomenclature " and son of A. P. de Candolle (See 

Candcllei) ; 
{Latin), inhabiting high moiintainx ; 
(com.) Vros'pev Alpinus [pr : Arl-pee-noos], an Italian botanist 

(N. 1/54) ; 
Alsos, (g. alseos) daphne {Greek) , grove. Bay laurel ; {all :) 

atRnity and habitat ; 
alsodes {Greek), leafy ; (ill : plants thicklj' beset with leaves, 

(X. 1/54) ; 
Alsos, phtlos {Greek), grove, loving ; {all -.) habitat (N. 1/54) ; 
Dr. Alston {com.) once Professor of Botany at Edinburgh 

(N. 1/56) ; 
{Latin), alternate ; placed alternately, one above the other, on 

some common bcly ; 
{Latin), alternate leaved ; placed in a different level on opposite 

sides of an axis (N. 1/59) ; 
{Latin), very tall j 

{Latin), leathery, or leathery yelloiv, dull yellowish white ; 
{Latin), honey combed; excav.ited in the manner of a section of 

honey comb ; 
Alrfxia {Neiv Holland), native name of the plant (N. 5/41) • 
{Latin), lovely (N. 1/59) ; 
{Latin), bitter ; 
{Latin), Amaranth (Amarantus) [from a, maraino {Greek), not 

to icitherj Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), Amaryllis [{Class.), Roman shepherdess. The Sparkling 

One, mentioned by Virgil] Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), doubtful, of doubtful affinity ; 
{Latin), growing a catkin (a deciduous spike of unisexual 

apetalous flowers) (N. 1/63) ; 
{loc.) of America ; 

ammos, dendron {Greek), sand, tree ; {all :) habitat (N. 1/64)) ; 
Halmilla {Singhalese), name of the plant (MoL. 922) ; 
{Latin), pleasing ; 

a, momos {Greek), without, impii/rity ; {all:) quality of counter- 
acting poison (N. 1/64) ; or more likely, hamdmd {Arabic), 

heating {all :) pnngent properties (McL. 1008) ; 
amar {Bengali), name of the tree (Ch.) ; 
a, morphe {Greek), without, form; {all:) incomplete formation of 

flowers (N. 1/G5) ; 
[Ampelis (g. ampe lidos) {Greek), vine-plant;] Vine (Vitis) 

Family, or Order ; 
{Greek), amphigenous ; growing all round any organ ; 
amphilophos {Greek), crested on all sides ; {all :) limb of corolla 

■ nadh curled (N. 1/G7) ; 
{Greek), aynphitropal ; curved round the body to which it 

belongs ; 
{Latin), embracing ; clasping with its base , 
{Latin), embracing the stem (N. 1/67) ; 
(Latin), with leaves embraci7ig the stem ; 
{Latin), like an almond ; 



PKONUNCIATION AND DKRIVAT[ON. 



19 



Am-yg'-dal-us 

An-ac-ol-o'-sa 

An-ao-ai'-di-a'-ce-ui 

Aii-ao-ar'-di-um 

.in-!if»'-yi'-oi'-dHH 



A-nam-ir'-ta ... 

a'-nam-al-lay-ii'-num, 

An-aph'-al-is ... 

an-as'-tom-o'-sans ... 
an'-ceps 

An-cis'-troo-lad-a'-ce -j 
Aii-cis-troo'-lad-us .., 



.4n-dor.9o'-iii ... 
An-dor-so'-iii-i 



and-ic'-ol-nm 




Andr-aeh'-na 


... 


An-dre-a'-ntim 




an-frac-ta-o'-sum 


... 


AQ-^i-op'-ter-is 




ang-ui'-na 




an-gul-a'-fcus ... 


:.'.\ 


an-gul-o'-sa ... 


... > 


an-guB-ta'-ta ... 




an'-gus-tif-ol'-i-a 




an-i-sa'-tam ... 


... 


An'-is-ocli-i'-lus 


>.. 



An-is-om'-el-es 

An-nae'-i ... 

an-nex'-iis 
an-nul-a'-tus ... 
An-o-den'-dron 

An-o-geis'-ftus 



An-o'-na 

An-o-na'-ce-iB 

ant-hel-min'-tic-a 

Anih-oo-eph'-al-ns 
an-tlirao'-in-as 

An-ti-a'-ris ... 

An-tich'-or-as 
2-A 



amyf^so {Greek) , to lacerate ; {all :) fis.sared channels in tho stone 
of fcho fruit (N. 1/^57) ; 

ana, kalos (Greek), at the top, cut ofaharp ; {alt :) calyx ; 

(Latin), CafheAvnut (Anacardiuin) Familij, ov Order; 

ana, kardia (Greek), like, heart; (all:) form of the nut; but 
origin doubtful (N. 1/(58) ; 

ana, yijros, eido-: (Greek), liackivards, circle, resembliny ; (all :) 
resemblance to anagijris (which has pods turned back at 
their extremities) ; 

anai, amrytavalli (Tamil), ^Elephant, Tinospora ; (all -.) resem- 
blance Hnd .size; 

(ioc.) belonginij to the Anaimalai Ililla, of Coirabatore, Travan- 
core, etc. ; 

a, Knaphalton (Greek), not a Gnaphalium ; (all :) affinity to, but 
distinction from, latter ; 

(Latin), branching one vein iyito another (N. 1/70) ; 

(Latin), two-edged (N. 1/70) ; compressed, with two sharp 
edge.s ; 
;. (Latin), Ancistrocladun Family, or Order; 

Ankiatron, klddo!< (Greek), Fish-hook, branch; (all:) supra- 
axillary oirciiiately wooded tendrils. 
f(com.) of Messrs. Ander>,on, 'Surgeons, great promoters of 
I Bor.auy (N. 1/71) , or of Dr. T. Anderson, Superintendent of 
J Calcutta Botanic Gardens, and who assisted in the prepara- 
I tion of Hooker's Flora of British India ; or, finally, of 
I Graham Anderson, author of the "Forest Trees in the Coffee 
Ij land>! of South Mysore " ; 

(Latin), inhabiting the Andes, Mountiiins of America; 

(Greek), man^s sweaty doivn ; (all:) viscid down of the 
panicles ; (rreek name of the plant (Gk. Sex., N. 1/106) ; 

(com.) of Andre [(pr :) Arn-drayJ P^imucIi botanist ; 

(Latin), curled (N. 1/157) ; Spiral ; 

Angeioyi, pteris (Greek), vessel, fern ; (all :) spore cases a.i-e 2- 
valved, bursting- vertically at the apex, leaving a vessel with 
an open mouth (N. 1/78) , 

(Latin), snake-like ; 

(Latin), having angl'es ; latte)' ternii rather more intense ; 

(Latin), yiarrowed ; 

(Latin), narrow-leaved ; 

(Latin), scented-like Anise; 

am SOS, cheilos (Greek), unequal lip ; (all :) in equality of both 
lips of calyx and corolla (N. 1/80) ; 

anisos, melos (Greek), unequal member ; (all :) anthers of the 
longer stamens halved (N. 1/80) ; 

(com.) of Mes.:irs. Annee [(pr :) Arn-nay] French floriculturist 
(N". 1/262); 

(hatin), adnate (q.'^.) ; 

(Latin), ringad ; surrounded by elevated or depressed bands ; 

and, dendron (Greek), upwards, tree ; (all :) gigantic size of 
this climber ; 

ano, geiston (Greek), upwards, house-tile ; (a(l :) small com- 
pressed 2-winged nuts pao o.t horizontally into a dense 
head of fr>iits ; 

Anona (St. Domingo) native name of the tree (N. 1/82); 

(Latin), Custard Apple (Anona) Family, or Order ; 

anti, hehnins (Greek), against, little worm ; (all :) its medicinal 
properties ; 

anthos, kephale^(Greek), flower, head ; (all.) inflorescence; 

(Greek) coal black, a little verging upon blue, with metallic 
lustre ; 

antiao (Grenk), to hit with an arrow ; (all :) poison used here- 
from for arrow tips ; 

anti, chorion (Greek) , instead of, leather ; (all :) strong fibre ; 



20 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



an'tic-us 

An-tid-es'-ma 

an-tid-ys'-en-ter'-ic-a. 
An-tig-o'-non... 



an-ti-qno'-i'Qm 
Aa-tis'-troph-e 



an-tit'-rop-us .. 

Aph-el-an'-dra 

ap-et'-al-a 
aph-yl'-ia 
ap-ic-ul-a'-ta ... 

ap'-i-oc-ai'-pa 
Ap'-oc-yn-a'-ce-* 
Ap-od'.yt-es .. 
Ap-ol-lo'-ni-as 



ap-or-e'-tic-a 
Ap-or-o'-sa 

ap-ri'-ca 
aq-nat'-ic-a ... 
aq'-ne-a 
Iq-uif-ol'-i-a'-ce-fB 

aq-uil-i'-na 
ar-ab'-ic-a 
Ar-a'-ce-se 
ar-ach'-no-i'-de-a 

Ar-a'-li-a 
Ar-a'-li-a'-ce-se 
Ar-a'-ne-o'-sa 
Ar-au-ci'-ri-a 

ar'-bor-e-a 
ar-bor-es'-cens 
ar-bor-tris'-tis 
Arb'-ut-us 



Arch-on'-coph-oe'-nix. 

ar-cn-a'-ta ... ... 

Ar-dis'-i-a 

Ar-du-i'-na ... ., 



(Latin), tiirned inwardt- ; ox' towards t.he axis to which it 
belongs ; 

anti desma {Oreek), over against, head-bond ; {all :) position of 
stamens against the disk ; 

(Greek), against dysenteru ; antidote for it ; 

anti, gonia {Greek), opposite, angle : {all]:) 3-cornered buds and 
fruit (N. 1/87) ; also written Antigonium (Juss); accent often 
wrongly put on the second syllable, making third short, just 
as trigonometry, coming from the Latin trigonium, is pro- 
nounced with the first short (See liliijlorus) ; 

{Latin) , of the ancientts ; 

antistrophe {Greek), reverse turn (of the old Greek dances) ; 
{all :) corolla lobes twisted to the left in bud, whilsfc in 
Ardisia they are twisted to thi^ right ; 

{Greek), antitropal ; straight, and having a direction contrary 
to the body to which it pertains; 

apheles, aner {s. andros) {Greek), simple male ; {all :) anthers 
one celled (N. 1/90) ; 

{Greek), ^rithout petals ; 

{Greek), icithout leaves ; 

(Latin), apiculate, or pointletted i terminating abruptly in a 
little point, which is part of the limb, and not only the 
costs ; 

apios, karpos {Greek), pear-tree, fruit; {all:) similarity of 
fruit ; 

{Latin), Dog's-bane [(Apocynum) from Apo, kiine s {Greek) , away 
from, dogs ; {all :) poisonous] Family or Order ; 

apodv.tos {Greek), undressed ; {all :) minute calyx for the com- 
paratively large flowers ; 

Apollo {Clas.) alias Phwbus, the sun god ; {all .) beautiful 
plants with a six starred hardened perianth at the base of 
the fruit (See also Phoebe) ; 

{Greek), inclined to doubt, or of doubtful affinity ; 

dpo, oros {Greek), away from, mountain ; {all :) habitat chiefly 
in plains and valleys ; 

{Latin), loving the sun ; 

\ {Latin), inhabiting watery places ; 

aquifolium {Latin), prickly leaved (N. 2/174) ; Holly {Ilex) 

Family or Order ; 
{Latin), eagle-like (N. 3/240) ; 
(loc.) Arabian ; 

{Latin), Arum [from Aron (ligyptian)~\ Family, or Order ; 
{Greek), cohwebbed ; covered wath loose white entangled thin 

hair, resembling the web of a spider ; 
(American), name of the Ivy plant (McL. 1003) ; 
(Latin) Aralia Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), cobiceb-like ; 
{loc.) Araxico [(pr : a-rou-ko)], a province cf S. Chili ia 

'S. America ; habitat of the plant (N. 1/105) ; 
{Latin), tree-like ; 
{Latin), growing like a tree ; 

(Latin), sad tree ; (all :) planted often near tombs ; 
arboise (ceUic), austere bush ; (all :) austere quality of the fruit, 

(N. 1''106); but the name itself i« used by Virgil (Cass. 

Lat. Die.) ; 
Archonte, phoenix f Greek), Chief, Date Palm ; (all .) majestic 

appearance and affinity (N. 5/81) ; 
(Latin), shaped like a bow ; 
Ardis (Greek), point ; (all :) acute, spear-pointed anthers 

(N. 1/108); 
(com.) P. Arduini (com.) [(pr :) Ar-doo-eo-nee], Curator of the 

Economical Gardens at Padua, in the time of LiionsDXi'j 

(N. 1/109) ; 



PRONUNCIATION ANH DERIVATION. 2l 

Ar«e'-oa ... ... Atakka (corrupted into Areec){Malayalam), name of the tree 

in Malabar (N. 1/109); 
ar-e-rtt'-ri-Q •■ ... (Latin), growing in the aand; 

Ar.en'-j?a ... ... Aren (Mala.yan'), native namo of the plant (McL. 314) ; 

ar-e-ol-a'-tus ... (Latin), areolate; divided into a number of irregular squares 

or an'^ular spaces ; 
ar-gent'o-a ... ... {Latin), siliertj, -white a little changing' to bluish grey with 

something of a metallic lustre ; 
ar-gn'-ta ... ... (Latin), lively, fresh; 

ar-gyr-as' a .. ... (Oreek), silvery ; 

Ar-gyr-ei'-a ... ... Argnrios {Greek), silvery ; (all :) silvery unrler surface of the 

leaves, especially when yonug (N. 1/111; ; 
Ar'-gyr-ol-ob'-i-um argnro-f, lobion (Greek), silver, little pod; (all:) silver haired 

legumes ; 
ar'-gyr-oph-yl'-lnm ... (Greek), with silvery leaves; 
ar-il-ia'-ta ,,, ... (Latin), furnished with an aril, or accessory coat, partly 

or wholly; over the seed ; 
aris-ta'-ta ... ... (Latin), aristate , or awned ; furnished with an elongated pro- 

jecting bristle, in continuation of the costa ; 
Ar-is'-tol-och'-i-a' ... aristos, lechios (Greek), best, pertaining to child birth ; (all -.) 

medicinsl properties of the plant (X. 1/112, 4/.350) : 
Ar-is'-to'-och'-i-a-' (Latin), Birth uort (Aristolochia) Family, or Order ; 

ce-ae. 
ar-j'-za ... [Columbian (N. America)], native name of the plant-, 

Ar'-jun-a .. ... (Clas.), Arjuna, The White One, friend of Kryshna, and 

principal hero of the Pandavas in the war for the 
• succession to the throne of Hastinapuram detailed in 

the Mahabharata epic poem ; wiongly accentuated by 

Nicholson (McL. 41) ; 

ar-ma'-ta ... .. (Latin), armed, with spinous or prickly thorns ; 

ar-men'-i-aca (loc) pertaining to Armenia, the country lying between 

the Caucasus on the north, Caspian Sea on the east, 

Kurdistan mountains on the south, and Asia Minor 

on the west ; also, apricot-yellow a dull orange colonr with a 

tinge of yellow: 
Ar'-not-ti-a'-ra C(com.) of G- A. Walker— Arnott, celebrated botanist of 

Ar-not'-ti-i 1 Southern India, co-author, with Wight, of " Prodromus florae- 

■■■ (. Peninsnl-ae Indiae orientalis" ; 
ar-o-mat'-ic-us ... arorndtikos (Greek), having a spicy fragrance ; 

ar-rec'-tu8 ... ... (Latin), upright ; 

Art-ab-ot'-rys ... artao, botrus (Greek), to suspend, bvmch of grapes-, (all:) 

fruit suspended by a curious hooked tendril (N. 1/115) ; 
Art-em-is'-i-a .. (Clas.), Artemis, daughter of Jupiter and Lalona (sister 

of Apollo), virgin goddess of the moon and of hunting, 

supposed to kill without pain ; (all :) soothing, but deleterious, 

properties of the plant (N. 1/115 ; Cass. Lat. Die. ; G.K, 

Lex.) ; 
art-em-is'-i-o-i'-des ... (Greek), resembling Southernwood (Artemisia) ; 
Arth-roc-ne-'ma ... arthron, kneme (Greek), joint, shin-tone; (all:) jointed 

branches of the plant ; 
art'-ic-ul-a'-ris "[ (Latin), articulated} having joints ; or separating reality, or 

art'-ic-al-a'-tum. J ' falling in pieces, at the joints ; or united to another body by 

a manifest joint. 
Art-oc-ar'pU9 . artos, karpos (Greek), bread, fruit ; (all :) fruit of one special 

when baked, resembles bread, (N 1/117); 
ar-un'-din-a'-ce-a =.. (Latin), reed-like ; 
Ar-un'-din-a'-ri-a ... (Xaiin), pertaining to the reed class (N, 1/118); 

Ar-nn'-do (Latin), reed ; (all .) typical of the reed class (N. 1/118) ; 

as-can'-dans (Latin), ascending ; having a direction upwards with an oblif4ue 

base ; 
A8-cle'-pi-ad-a'-ce-a3 . . . (Latin), Swalloxc-wort (A8clepias)[(C;as.), god of: healing ; (all :) 

medicinal properties] Family, or Order ; 
a-si-u'-tic-a .,, ... (loc.) of , or pertaining to, Asia ; 



22 



PEONUNCtATtON AKD DEEIVATIOM. 



as- pal'-ath-o-i'-des 

As-par'-ag-ns 

as'-per-a 

as'-per-a'-ium 

as-per-sril'-lif-or-niis. 



as -per-ic-au -as 

as-per'-rim-a 

As>-pid-op'-ter-ys 

As-ple'-ni-um 

as-sim'-il-is .. 
as-sur'-gens ... 
as-teph'-an-a 

As-te'-ri-as-tig'-Dia. 

asth-mat'-ic-a 
As-troc-ar'-y-um. , 

At-al-an'-ti-a 



A'-tot-o 
a'-tra ... 

a-tra'-tus 

a-tro-nig'-ric-ans 

a-'tro-pnr-pur'-e-a 

a'-tro-san-guin'-e-ns. 

a'-tro-viol-a'-ce-a 
a'-t.ro'-vir-ens... 
a'-tro-vir'-id-is 
at-tal-e'-a ... , 

at-ten-u-a -turn 
At-yl-o'-si-a ... 

au'-gus-ta 
an-gus-ta'-ta ... 
au-ran'-fi-a 1 

aur-an'-ti-ac-a j 
Aur-an'-ti-um 
aur-a'-ta 
au'-re-a 

an'-re-o-t'ul'-va 
au'-re-o-stri-a'-ta 
aur-ic'-om-a ... 
aur-ic-nl-a'-ta 

aus-tra'-le 
aus'-tri-ac-a ... 
av-el-la'-na ... 



{all :) absence oi 
(all :) Stigma star 



of other 



{Qreelc), resembling Aspalathus [^a.-ipalathoa (Greek), aweet 

scented shruh^ . 
a, Spdrasso (Oret;k), exceedlingly, to tear; (all:) very prickly 

nature of some species (N. 1/121) ; 
(Lathi), rough, with very short stiff haii's or hard points ; 
(Latin), roughened ; 
(Latin), brush shaped; divided into several fine ramifications. 

so as to resemble the brush u.sed in Roman Catholic 

ceremonies for sprinkling holy water. 
(Latin), with rough gtem ; 
(Latin), very rough ; 
aspifi, (g. aspi dos), pteriix (Greek), Sltield, wing ; {all :) winged 

carpels of the fruit ; 
a, splen (Greek), aithout, spleen; (all:) medicinal pi'operties 

of the plant (N. 1/27) . 
(Latin) resembhng ; 
(Latin), ascending , (g.v.) ; 
a, Stephanos (Greek), without, croiun 

corona ; 
asterion, stigma {Greek), little star, stigma 

shaped ; 
[Greel-), useful for asthma ; 
astron, Kv.rv.on (Greek), Star, nut; (all:) disposition of the 

fruit (N. 1/142); 
(Clas,), Atalanta, daughter of Schcenus (King of Boeotia 

in Greece], famed for her running, refused to marry any 

one who could not catch her : finally, Milanion succeeded 

by throwing golden apples in her path ; (all -.) copious 

golden fruits which drop from the tree (N. 1/148 ; Cass. Lat. 
. Die.) ; 
dtatta (Malayalam), goat leech, name of the plant ;' 
(Latin), black, pnre without any admixture 

colour ; 

(Latin), when a portion only of something is black ; 

{Latin), becoming dead black; 

(Latin), blackish-purple (H.) ; dai'k purple [between pur- 

pureus and xiolaceus'^ ; 
(Latin), Maroon , Carmine verging to black with a brownish 

tinge in it ; 
(Latin), blackish- violet [between violaceus and indigoticus] ; 
(Latin), green with a black tinge ; like pine or casuarina needles ; 
(Latin), blackish green ; 
attdhis (Latin) 7nagni_ficent ; (all :) beauty of the genus 

(N. 1/144) ; 
(Latin), tapering gradually to a point (N. 1/144) ; 
d, tulos (Greek), u-ithout, a knot; (all:) absence of callosity 

on the standard (ch.) ; 
(Latin), holy, or, majestic ; 
(Latin), sanctified ; 

(Latin), orange-yellow (H.) ; pure yellow and scarlet ; 

(Latin), the orange (H.) ; 

(Latin), gilt ; golden yellow ; 

(Latin), golden coloured ; pure gamboge yellow, but with con- 
siderable brightness ; 

(Latin), golden tawny; 

( Latin), golden streaked ; 

(Latin), golden haired ; 

(Latins, having Ear-like appendages (N. 1/147) ; on two very 
small lobes at the base ; 

(Latin), Southern, or, of Australia (H.) ; 

(loc.) of Austria (N. 3/147) ; 

(loc.) of Avellino [(pr:) Ar-vell-ee-uo] a town in Italy 
(N. 1/385) J 



PRONUNCIATION AND UERIVATION. 



23 



Avcr-rho'-a 



Av-ic-en'-iii-a 

av-ic-al-a'-re 
av'-i-um 

ax-il-la'-ris ... 

a'-ead-ir-ach-'ta 
a'-zed-ar-ach' 

az-i'-ma 

az-or'-ic-a 

az-u'-re-a 

bab-yl-o'-nic-a 

boc-ca'-ta 

Bac-faii'-reia... 

bad. '-i- us 

Bai-ley-a'-na... 

Ba'-ker-i 



Bal-ang'-has . . 
Bal'-an-oc-ar'-pus 
Bal-an-i'-tos 
Bal-four'-i 



Bal-i-os-per-murii 
Bal-o'-gbi-a ... 
bHl-sam'-ic-a ... 

Bal-saui-od-en'.dron 



Bam-bu'-sa ... 
Ban-dbu'-ca .. 

Bai)k'-Bi-a 

Banf-si-ae 

Bank'-Bi-i 

Bap-tis'-ti-i ... 

Bar-aq-nin'-i-fi'-ca 

Bar-bad-eu'-se 

bar-ba'-ta 

bar-ba'-fnl-aTii 
Bar-le'-ri-a ... 



(com.) Averrhoex [(pr:) Arv-air-rlio-ays] of Cordova in 
Sp/iin, Arabian phy8ician who lived in Spain during 
the domination of the Moors about the middle of 12th 
cpntnry, and translatod Aristotle into Arabic (Nio. 1 143) ; 

(com.) Avicenne, Arabic philosopher and physician, A.D 
980—1037, (Nic. 1/143) ; 

I (Latin) of. or, belonging to, birds ; (all :) eaten by birds (H.) ; 



(Latin) of, or. in the axil, of leaves, etc. (H) ; 

)azad daraht (Persian), excellent tree; (aW:) useful properties 
) of wood, leaves, fruit, etc. (McL. 577; ; 

azimenri (MalagcLsy), native name of an alied shrub (N. 5/118; ; 
(loc.) of the Azores Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean; 
(Latin, from Persian), azure ; li^ht sky blue, the palest pure 
lively blue ; 

(loc.) of Babylan. the country between Tigris and the Euphrates 

Hivers of W-.^stern Asia ; 
(Latin), with berries, or berry like (H.) ; in texture, juicy and 

sncculent ; 
bacca., aurea (Latin), berry golden ; (all :) strings of golden 

berries hanging frotti the trunks of the trees ; 
(Latin) chestnut broun. a dull brown slight tinged with red ; 
(com.) of F i[. Bailey, of Australia ; 

(fom.) of J. 0. Baker, r.E.s., f.l.s.. eminent botanist author 
of "'Hand book of the Bromeliaceae, " etc. i(N. 1/114), and 
assisted in the preparation of Hookers " Flora of British 
India " ; 

raldn^ Eat (Malayalam), dung-fruit ; (all:) fetid smell of the 

plant (McL. 68); 
bdldnos Karpos (Greek) acorn, fiuit ; (all -.) ca,lyx formings 

cup at the bottom of t.he fruit, like an acorn and its cup ; 
bdldnog, eita (Greek), acco)"», thus (i.e., re.'<embling) ; (all :) the 

fruit : 
(com.) of J. E. Balfour, M.D., F.L.s., F.E.8.F., etc., of Edinburgh; 

author of " Outlines of Botany " 1854 and many other 

bofanical works ; 
hilii'S, sperma { Greek), spotted, seed ; (all :) mottled seed ; 
(Norfolk Inland), believed to be the native name of the tree; 
(Greek) balsamic, Mirough baal, samen (Hebrew), royal oil, 

(McL. 67); 
balsamon, dendron (Greek), hahn (or balsam), tree: word used 

bv l"heophra85tns ; (all :) oleoresin that exudes from the tree 

(Nic. 1/154); 
Lambu (Malayan), name of the class of trees (Nic. 1/155) ; 
haud'huka (San$crit), binding: (all:) compact inflorescence 

(iloL. 375) : 
(con.) Sir Jos. Banks, once President of th<i Royal Society 

of Science and Natural History (X, 1/156) ; 
(com.) of Lady Banks, who introduced the Banksian Roses 

from China (N. 5/120) ; 
(com.) of Sir Jaeph Banks ; 
(com^) ofBa'ptii'i 'N. 1/372) : 

(com.) of Baraquin [(pr:) Bar-ar-kang] (N. 1/472} ; 
(Latin') of Barbados, Island in the Caribbean sea on the East 

Coast of Central America; 
(Latin), bearded, i.e., ha\ing long weak hairs in one or more 

tufts (N. l/157)r; 
(JLaiin), .iomev.hat bearded; 
(com.) J. B'irrelier [(pr :) Bar-ray-lee-yay] French Botani.st of 

the 17th century (N, 1/158) ; 



> {com.) of Col. Beddome ; 



24 PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 

bar-le'-ri-o-i'-des ... {qnsLsi- Greek), ret^embling Barleria ; 

Bar-nad-e'-si-a ■.. (cowi.) Michael Barriadez, Spanish Botanist (N. 1/158); 

Bar-o'-ni ... ... {com.) of Baron ; 

Bar-ring-to'-ni-a ... {com.) Hon. Duines Barrington. f.r.s. 
Bas-il-a'-ris ... ... {Latin), basal; fixed at the base ol anythiug ; 

Bas'-si-a ... ... {com.) Fernu.'yi.do Bassi [{pr : Fair-uarn-do Bar-sea] Curator o 

the Botanic Garden, Bologna, Italy (N'. 1/160) ; 
Bau-e'-ri ... ,,, {com.) Francis and Ferdinand Bauer German botanical 

draughtsmen (N. 1/161); 
Baii-hia'i-a ... ... (com.) John and Caspar Bauhin [pr. Bo-hang,j two French 

brothers, famous botanists of the 16th century (N. /16I) ; 
Baus'-e-i ... ... {com.) of Projesor Johann FriedMch Bause .i(pr:) Yo-harn 

Freedrik Bou-ser], of the university of Leipzig in Saxony ; 
Bean-mon'-ti-a ... {con.) of Mrs. Beaumont oi BveXitoa. Hall, Yorkshire, England, 

(N. 1/164) ; 
Bec-ca'-ri-i ... {corn.) Dr. Beceari [(pr:) Beck-ar-ree], Italian botanist, one of 

the greatest authorities on Asiatic and Malayan Palms, 

who assisted Sir J. D. Hooker in that order in the Flora of 

British India ; 
Bed-do'-me-a ... {com.) Gol. E. H. Beddome, Conservator of Forests, Madras, 

distinguished Botanist ; author of " Flora Sylvatica" 1869 — 73; 
Bed-do'-me-a-'na 
Bed-do'-me-i ... 

Beil-schmied'-i-a {com.) Beilschmied [(pv :) Bile-sbmeet] Geruiitu botanist ; 

Bel-e'ric-a ... ... Bejej/ (4ra6tc), name of the tree (Eos. 2/431) ; 

bt r-la ... {Latin) heautifut (N. 5/145) ; 

Bel-mo-re-a' na ... (com.) EeZmorc, Conector in Australia ; 

Oen-ga-len'-sis ... 1 /i \ r -d i 

ben-gha-len'-sis _ \ {loc) of Bengal -. 

beu-jam-i-ua ... ... {Latin') of BeiV/amin ; {all-.) Benjamin's coat, and the many 

coloured figs, at first yellowish green with a tinge of purple, 

ultimately passing to blood red ; 
Ben-thaui-i-d'-na ... {com,.) George Bentham, distinguished English Botanist (N. 1/ 

180) ; author of " Flora Australiensis, etc." ; 
Ben-tinck'-i-a ... (cow.) Lord W- Bentinck, Governor-Geneml of India, 1828 — 

1836 ; Governor of Madras, 1813 ; 
Ben-zo'-in . . (Arabic), gwm bengamm, an oleo-resin (S'nt.) ; 

Ber'-ber-i(i-a'-ce-a5 ... {Latin) Ba/rberry (Berberis) Family, or Order ; 
Ber'-ber-is ... ... Berberys {Arabic) (N. I jlHl), Ambdrbdris {Arabic) (McL. 84), 

name of the tree ; 

bei-gam'-i-a ... ... (ioc.) o/ Bergamo, a town in Italy, where Bergamotte scent is 

prepared (Nut.) ; 
ber-mu-di-a'-na ... {loc.) of the Bermudas, islands in the Atlantic ocean ; 

Ber'-rya (com.) Dr. A. Berry of Madras, about 1807 (Rox. 3/807) ; 

Ber'-ry-i ... ... {com.) of Dr. Berry ; 

be-ta'-ce-a ... ... {Latin) esculent {H. 11^22) ; 

bet-oa'-ic-a ... ... {Latin), resembling Betony (S'achys betonica) (X. 1/185) ; 

Be'-tle ... ... Vettila (corrupted into Beetla, Malayalam), Betel; Pepper 

creeper (Rox. 1,158, McL. 676) ; 
Bet'-ul-a ... ... Betu {Celtic), na,iae of the plant ; or batuo {Latin), to beat, an 

the fasces of the Roman lictors were made of Birch rods 

(N. 1/185); 

Bet-ul-a'-ce-ffi .. {Latin), Birch (Betula) Family, or Order ; 

bet'-ul-us ... ... {Latiyi), like the Birch tree (N. 1/272) ; 

Bhud-rini'-ga... ... (Bhadra, ranga),{SanBkrit), auspicious desire ; {all :) seeds used 

as caraway (carnm carui) in curries; 

bi ... ... ... (See bis.); 

bi-ar-tic-ul-a'-tum ... {latin), tvo-joiuted (H.) ; 

bi-aa-ri'-tum ... (Latin), tuo-eared (N. 3,241); 

bic-ap-sul-a'-ris ... {Latin), having two capsules ; 

bio'-ul-or .. ... {Latin), tiio-coloured {H.) ; 

bic-us'-pid-a'-ta ... {Latin), having tico short shai-p points (N. 1/145) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



25 



Uid-will'-i 
bif-a'-i'i-ii 

bif-lo'-ra 

bif-o)-i-a'-tu8 

bif-ol-iol-a'-tiis 

Big-av-ad'-i-a... 

big-em'-in-a'-turn 

bis-em'-in-mn 

big-lan-dul-o'-sa 

Bi-gno'-ni-a . . . 

Bi-gno'-ni-a'-ce-a 

bi-hor-el'-li 

bij'-ng-a 

Bil-ini-bi 

bil'-ob-a 



bil-oc nl-a'-ria 
bin-a'-ta 

binnec'-tai-if'-or-uin., 

bi-i- 

bipar-ti'-t.a 
bip-in-na'-ta ... 

bip-iii'-na-tit"-id-a ., 



bis 
Bisch-o'-fi-a ... 

bis-er-i-a'-lis 
bis-nl-ca'-ta ... 
bit-er-ra'-ta ... 

biv-al'-vis 

Bix'-a 

Bix-a.ce-» 
Blach'-i-a 

Blackburn'-i-a'-nuu! . 
Bla-k-e'-i 

blan-'da 
Blech-'num ... 

Ble'-o ... ! 

Bleph'-ar-is ... 

I 'leph'-ar-is-per'-muin 

Bleph-'ar-is tem'-uia. 

Bligli'-i-a 

Bla'-me-a'-na 
Blu-me-a nus 
Boeh-me'-ri-a 

Bo-er-haav-'i-a 



(com.) of Bidxvill, Australian botanist ; 

{Latin)., Bifarious ; Bnam as di^tichons ((j.v.) ; wlicu orguus aro 

arranged in two rows on opposite sides of the axis ; 
{Latin), two-Jfoiuered (ti.); 

I (Latin), compound leaves with two leajleta (N. l/i87) ; 

Bigaradier {French), RisBo's name for a class of oranges ; 
1 (Latin), doubly paired (N. l/lh7) ; . when each of two racliido 
J bears a pair of leaflets ; 
(Latin), irith tuv glands ; 
{com.), Abbe Bigyion r(pr :) Ar-bay Beo-nyovngJ librarian to 

Louis IV of France (N. 1/187) ; 
(Latiyi), Trumpet flower (Bignonia) Family or Order ; 
(com.) of Bihorell (N. 1/262) ; 

(Latin), a oompouud leaf icith two pairs of leaflets (N. 1/189) ; 
Blimhing (Malayan) the name of the plant (McL. 82) ; 
(Latin), tivo-iobed, i.e., a leaf divided into two parts, not tnore 

tliau halfway down, the lobes or ainnses being rounded 

(H.); 
(Latin), two-celled (H.) ; 
(Latin) in pairs, or a leaf composed of two leaflets proceeding 

from the same point (N. 1/191 : H.) ; 
(Latin), having tico nectaries, or flower glanda ; 
(Latin) two together; 

(Latin), divided in two nearly to the base (N. 1/191) ; 
(Latin), bipinnate ; when the leaflets of a pinnate leaf become 

themselves pinnate ; 
' (Latin), bipinnati/ld, the primary and secondai-y segments of 

a leaf both being divided, but not to the base (N. 1/191: 

H.); 
(Latin), tivice, tivain, two ; in composition' bi—; 
(com.) Karl Qustav Bi.scTio/ [(pr :) Karri Goos tarv' Bee-shofe 

German professor at Bonn, 1792 — 1870 ; 
(Latin), biseriate ; in two series or rows ; 
(Latin), bisulcate, with two groves (H.) ; 
{Lati7i), bitemrftf ; when three secondary rachides proceed from 

common racliis, and each bears three leaflets ; 
(Latin), with two valves, or (of a capsule) halves of the split 

pei'icarp (H.) ; 
Bixa (South American), name of the plant (N. 1/192) j 
(Latin) Arnotto (Bixa) Family or Order; 
(com.) Blachie [(pr .) Blar : shee], French botanist ; 
(coin.) of Blackburn (N. 1/338) ; 
(com.) Martin Blake, of Antigua, great promoter of useful 

knowledge (N. 1/93) ; 
(Latin), alluring (Cass. Lat. Die) ; 
Blechnon (Greek) a fern (N. 1/193) ; 
Bleo (Mexican), name of the plant ; 

(Greek), eyelash ; (all :) fringed bracts of the calyx (KT. 1/195) ; 
bldphiris, sperma (Greek), eylash, seed ; (all :) oiliate margins, 

of the achenes. 
ble'pharis, stemma (Greek), Eyelash, wreath ; (all :) stamens and 

petal claws both cilated, and tips of the latter lacerated j 
(com.) Captain Bligh, who first carried bread-fruit to the West 

Indies (Br.S3) ; 
. C (com,.) of P. C. L. Blume, author of " Flora javenenois " and 
. ^ "Rnmphia " Amsterdam, 183(3. 

(co7)i.) George Rudolph Boehmer [(pr :) Bur-mair"l, German 

botanist (N. 1/197) ; 
'com,) Hermann Boerhaave [pr : Hair-marn Bur-har-vayl 1G68 — 

1738, famous Dutch physician, professor of botany, medi- 
cine and chemistry at Leyden in South Holland ; 



26 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



bo-er-haav'-i-EC-fol'-i-a 
Eo-je'-ri 

bo-lam-put'-ti-en'-sis 

bol-iv-i-a'-na ... 

bom-bai-ea'-si: 

Bom-bax 

Bon -a-nox ... 

Bon'-cluc 

Bon-dac-el'-la 
Bor-a'-gia-a'-ce-ae ... 

Bor-as'-sus 



Bor-bo -nic-a ... 

Bor-o-'ui-a 

Bo-ry-a'-num 

Bos-wel'-li-a ... 
bot-ry-o-i'-des 

bot-ul-if-or'-mis 

Boa-che'-a 

Bou-gain-vil -la 

Boui--diI'-lon-i 

Bou-var'-di-a 

Bow-e'-ni-a 
Bow-mati'-ni ... 

brach-i-a'-ta 



brach-yl-ot'-ry-a 
Brach-yl'-ep-is 

brach-yp'-od-a 

brach-ys-tach-y-uni 

Brach-ys-tel-'ma 

brac-te-a'-ta ... 

Bra-gan'-ti-a ... 
Bren-di'-si-i ... 

bras-il-ien'-sis 
Brae-sa'-i-a 

brev-ir-ob-um 
brev-ic-ol'-lis 



(Latin), with leaves like those of Boerhaavia (N. 1,195) ; 

(com.) of M. Bojer, collector of plants in Zanzibar and else- 
where ; 

(loc.) of the BolampatU valley, in the Coimbatore district ; 

(loc.) of Bolivia, in South America ; 

(loc.) of Bombay ; 

Cotton ; {all :) the silk-cotton in the pods (N. 1 200) j 

{Latin), Good night ; {all:) flowers opening at night and shut- 
ting by day ; 

Bdndak {Arabic), a filbert (corylus avellana) ; {all :) supposed 
resemblance of seed to that nut (McL. 150); 

{Latin), Small Bonduc ; 

{Latin), Borage (Borago [derivation unknovm]) Family or 
Order ; 

Borassos {Greek), spathe of a date palm (X. 1 201) ; perhaps 
sao"gested by the Sanskrit term Purashaka, i.e., rough, a 
teim used for the Date Palm ; 

{loc.) of the island of Bourbon (or Reunion), east of Madagas- 
car in the Indian Ocean off the East Coast of Africa ; 

{com.) Francis Boroni, Italian Servant of Dr. Sibthorp, who 
collected many specimeus figured in "Flora Groeca"(X. 1/202); 

{com.) of Jean Baptiste Georges Marie Bory de Saint Vincent 
r(pr:) Zhong Bar-teest Zorzh Mar-ree-Bo-ree de Sang 7ang- 
sougj 1780 — 1846, distinguished French naturalist and tra- 
veller ; 

{com.) Dr. Bosicell, of Edinburgh (N. 1/204) ; • 

botrys, Eidos {Greek), botryoidal, or a centripetal inflores- 
cence (H.) ; 

{Latin), Sausage shaped ; long, cylindrical, curved inwards 
towards each end ; 

{com.) G. & P. BottcTie [(pr :) Boohyay] G-erman naturalists, 
(N. 1 205) ; 

{com.) De Bouganville [(pr :) der-Boo-gang-veel] French navi- 
gator (N. 1/205). 

{com.) T. F. Bourdillon, Conservator of Forests, Travancore, S. 
India, and distinguished botanist , author of " Forest Trees, 
of Travancore, " 1908 ; 

(com.) Dr. Charles Bowuard [pr. Boo varrj, formerly 
Superintendent of the " Jardin du Roi" at Paris), N. l/20fi) ; 
(com.) Sir G. Bowen, Governor of Queensland (N. 1/207) ; 

{com.), Boicmann, botanical collector in Queensland, Anstralia 
(N- 1473) ; 

{Latin), brachiate, when ramifications proceed from a 
common axis nearly at night angles, alternately in opposite 
diiections ; 

brachus, botrys {Greek), short hunch; 

brachus, lepis {Greek), short, scale : {all -.) thg broad scale? of the 
corona of the flower ; 

brachus, pous { g. podos), {Greek), short, foot, or stalk ; 
{Greek), with short spikes; 

Brachus, Stelma {Greek), short, croicn ; {all.) the short segments 
of the corona of the flower (N. 1/309). 

{Latin), furnished icith bracts or small leaves about tho base of 

the flower or inflorescence (H) ; 
(com.) Braganti, of Portugal ; 

{com.) Sir D. Brandis, K.c.s.i., Inspector-General of Forests in 

India, author of " Indian Trees," etc. ; 
{loc.) of Brazil, in South America ; 
(c07-;i.) Lady Anne Brassey, English traveller, married Lord 

Thos. Brassey, 18G0, died at sea 1887. 
{Latin), short, lohed; 
{Latin), short, necked ; 



rRONONCIATlON AND DERIVATION. 27 

l)iev.if-ro-ra ... {Latin), .■<hort, flowered ; 

l)rnv-if-ol'-ia ... {Latin), short, leaved; 

hvvv'-iofs ... ... {Latin), t^hort- footed, or stalked ; 

brev-is-oa'-pa ... {Latin), short- trunked, or scaped ; 

breT.i8-tig''-inii ... {Latin), with short stigma ; 

brev-it'-ub-a ... ... {Latin) , with short tube ; 

Brow-er'-i-a ... ... {com.) Breirer ; 

Brey'-ni-a ... .. {com.) Johann Philipp Breijn, German botanist (N. 5/160) ; 

Bri-de'-i-a ... ... (com.) J?riotei [(pr :) Breedalo], German botanist ; 

Brou8-son-e'-ti-a ... {com.) f.N. V. Broitssonet [(pr:) Broo-son-nay], French natu- 
ralist, vv!io wrote many works in Natural History (N. 1/249) ; 

Brown'-e-a ... ... {com.) Patrick Broivn, M.n., author " Hibtory of Jamaica" 

(N. 1/215) ; 

Bru'-co-a ... ... (com.) Jame.< J?ritce, celebrated African traveller (N', 1/215) j 

Hrug-ni-e'-ra ... ... {com.) Bruyuier [{pv :) Hryg-ec-ya.y], French botanist,- 

Brun-fel'-si-a ... {com.) stto Brimfel. [(pr:) Broon-felse] of Menty, first a 

Carthusian monk, afterwards physician, who published the 
first good figures of plants in 1530 (N. 1/215) ; 

brun'-ne-a ... ... {Latin), deep bronm; pure, and dull, almot umbrinou.i {q.'v.), 

or burnt umber ; 

T, , - ( {com.) of Robert Brown, formerly Superintendent of the Madias 

Hru-no ni-a -na .. i , • i ^- u. i ci ^ , ^-i i r-, n ,- 

„ . , . < Agn-horticultural Society s Gardens ; afterwards a dia- 

■■■ (. tinguished botanical authority ; 

Eu-chan-a'-ni ... {com.) of Dr. F. H. Bwc^ianaw-Hamilton ; 

Bu-chaii-a'-ni-a ... (com.) Dr. F. F. H. Ewc/ianan-Hamilton, author of "Journey 

to Myi?ore," 1802 (Cli) ; 

Buck-lan'-di-a ... {com.) Dr. Buckland, former Dean of Westminster and Pro- 

fessor of Geology at Oxford (N. 1/218) ; 

Budd-le'-i-a ... ... (com.) 4dam Bwddie, often mentioned in Eay's Synopsis ; whose 

herbarium is preserved in the British Museum (N. 1/220) ; 

budd-le-i-o-i'-dcs ... {Greek), reseinblinij Buddleia ; 

bnl-bif'-er-a ... {Latin), bearing bulbs (N. 1/221) ; 

Bul-boph-yl-'lum ... boulbos, phullon {Greek), bulb, leaf; {all:) leaves issue from 
the apex of pseudobulbs (N. 1/220) ; 

bul-bo'-sa ... ... {Latin), furnished with a bulb; 

Bun-ge a'-na iaom.) of Bunge [(pr :) Boon-gay] ; 

Bd'-ni-u8 ... ... {Amboynese, S. Moluccas), name of the plant ; 

Bu-o'-nap-ar'-te-a ... (com.) Napaleon Buonaparte, Emperor of the French, 1746 — 
1821 ; 

Bn-pleu'-rum ... Bows, 'plewron {Greek), ox, rib ; {all -.) strong nerves of tlie leaves 

probably ; 

Bur-nian'-ni ... {com.) of Professor J. Burmann [(pr :) Boor-marn)] Dutch botan- 

ist. Professor at Amsterdam, with whom Linnajus lived for a 
year (1735), author of " Flora indica " and " Thesaurus 
Zeylanicns " ; 

Bur-ridg'-e-i ... {aom.) o/Bttrritige, celebrated floricnlruralist ; 

Bur-sa'-ri-a ... bursa (Latin) a poii/:h ; (all-.) the capsules which much 

resemble those of Shepherd's Purse (Capsella) (N. 1/225) ; 

Bur'-ser-a ... ... {com.) Joachim Bur ser (pr : Yo. ar. kim Boor, sair) discipie of 

Caspar Bauhin (N. 1/225) ; 

Bur-scr-a'-ce-a> ... {Latin), Bur sera Famiily or Order ; 

Ba'-te-a ... ... {com.) John, Earl of Bute munificent patron of Botany 

(N. 1/225) ; 

bux-if-ol'-i-a ... ... {Latin), with leaves like Box (Buxus) ; 

Bux'-us Pyknos {Greek), dense ; {all :) hardness of the wood (N. 1/226) ; 

Bys-soph yl-lum ... bursa, phnllon {Greek), a hide, leaf; {all :) the very coriaceous 
leaves ; 

Cac-a'-o ... ... ((rutanese), name of the plant (Br. 27 ; Ch.) ; 

Cac-ta'-ce-se ... .. {Latin) Cactus \_ivomKaktos {Gteek} name used by Theophras- 

tusfor a spiny plant] Family or Order [Note : the term Cactus 
is applied to all genera of the order] (N. 1/230) ; 

Cad'-ab-a jiad/ia6 (arabic) name of the plant (Ch.) ; 



28 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Cad-amba ,.. 

cad-u'-cu8 
cajr-nl'-e-a 

Cajs-al-pi'-ni-a 

Cajs-al-pi'-ni-e-te 

coe'-8i-a 

cass-pit-o'-sus 
caf-'f rn 
Cai-ni-to 
Ca-ja'-nns 
Cal-ac-anth'-us 

Cal'-am-Tis 

Cal-ap-pa -ri-a 

Cal-ath-e'-a 

cal-ca-ra'-ta 

cal-ca'-re-a . . . 
Cal'-ce-ol-a'-ri-a 

cal-ce-ol-a'-tum 

cal-ca-den'-sis 

Ca-lis-ay'-a 

Cal-ri-an'-dra 

cal-li-a'-lat-a 
Cal-lic-ar'-pa 

Cal-lis-te'-mon 

Cal-lit'-ris 

cal-lo'-sa 
Cal-od-en'-dron 

Cal-oph'-an-es 

Cal-oph-yl'-lTim 

Cal-oph-yl'-lif-ol.'-a 
Cal-ot'-rop-is 

Cal-pur'-iu-a 

Cal-um'-ba 

cal-yc'-iu-a 
Cal-yc-op'-ter-is 



Kadamba (Sanskrit) curing ; (all :) supposed medicinal properties 

of the plant (McL. 112) : 
(Latin), caducous, falling off very early ; 
(Latin), dark sky-blue, or sea blue, a middle clear lively 

blue ; (between azu^eus and cyaneus) ; also written ccerulea ; 
(com.) Andreas Caesalpiniivs [(]^r.) Aa-n-dray-arse Says-arl-pee- 

nee-oosl celebrateol Italian botanist, 1519 — 1603 ; 
(Latin) CoBsalpinia suborder of the Leguminosae Family, or 

order ; 
(L(itin), lavender blue, or bluish grey ; or, covered with a fine 

bloom, rather greener than the ordinary cabbage leaf. 
(Latiti), csespitose ; forming dense patches, or turves ; 
(Latin), South African ; 

(West Indian), name of the plant (N. 1/325 ) ; 
Eachan (Malayan), name of the plant (N. 1/232, McL. 138) j 
Kalos, AJcanthos (Greek), beautiful Beards-breech (Acanthus) : 

(all :) its beauty and affinity ; 
Kalamos (Greek), a reed ; old word by Theophrastus (X. 

1/235); 
Calappa (Arnboynese) name of the cocoanut palm (Rox. 3/614) 

perhaps connected with Calapan, a town in Mindoro, one of 

the Philippine Islands ; 
Kdldthos (Greek), basket; (all:) basket-shaped stigma, and 

leaves worked into baskets in South America (N. 1/237). 
(Latin), having a spur, like the hollow extension of the flower 

of the violet (N. 1/238; H.) : 
Latin chalkichiie ; very dull white, with a slight touch of grey; 
Calceolus [Latin\ a little slipper ; (all ;) i or xn of the corrola ; 

also probably in reference to ; (com.) F. Calceolari, Italiaa 

botanist of the 16th century (N. 1/238) ; 
(Latin), shaped like a slipper, or round-toed shoe (N. 1/240); 
(loc.) of the Kalkad Hills, in Tinnevelly District ; 
Colla salla (Peruvian,) remedy, rocky ground ; (all :) medicinal 

properties and habitat (Bot. Mag. Comp., 1835.) 
Kalli.aner (g. andros) (Greek), beautiful (prefix), male ; (all :) 

long silky purple or white stamens (N. 1/242); 
Kallia, lata (Hindustam,) name of the plant, creeper ^ 
Kalli-, Karpos (Greek), beautiful, fruit; (all:) ornamental 

berrus (X. 1/242) ; 
Kalli; Stenion (Greek), beautiful, stamen ; (all :) beautiful 

scarlet stamens of most of the species (N. 1/243) ; 
Kalli-, ires (Greek), beautiful, thrice over (i.e., exceedingly) ; (all:) 

beauty of the species ; 

(Latin'', hardened, or v:ith thick promifiences (N. 1/244; JI.) 

L'dlos, dendron (Greek), beaxdiful, tree ; (all :) one of the most 
beautiful trees of the Cape or Good Hope (N. 1/245) ; 

Kdlos, phaino (Greek), beautiful, to appear ; (all :) Showy 
tlowers (X. 1/245) ; 

Kdlos, phylloii (Greek), beautiful, leaf ; (all :) leaves are large, 
beautiful green, and elegantly veined (X. 1/245) ; 

(Latin), itith leaves like Calophyllum ; 

Kdlos, tropis (Greek), beautiful, Keel ; (all :) corona of the flower 
(X. 1/247); the Greek word is also that for a swallow (beauti- 
ful in its turning), whence the English name Sxcalloui-wort ; 

(com.) Titus Julius Calpurnius, an imitator of Vii-gil; (all :) the 
sjiecifs closely allied to Virgilia (X. 5/187) ; 

(loc.) Colombo, in Ceylon, whence Colombo root first was sent 
to England (McL. 120); 

(Latin), belonging to the, or v:iih prominent, calyx ; 

Kalii.x, pterij.x (Greek), calyx, icing ; (all :) enlarged calyx in 
fruit (X. 1/187) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



29 



cal-yo-iil-a'-ta 

Ca -ma-ra 
Cam-bo'-fji-a 
Cani-bodg'-i-fcii'-sis 
Cani-bo'-i<i-cn'-si8 
Cam-el' -li-a 



oam-e-io -lu m 
Cam-pa'-n-la'-ce-a) 

oam-pa'nul-a'-ta 



Campel'-b-li-i 
Cam-pho'ni ... 
ca'-na 

Can-an'gi-um 
pan'-ar-a-na . . . 
'••an-ar-en'-sis 
can-ar'-ic-a ... 
can-a-ri-en'-sia 

Can-oel-Ia'-ta 



Ca-nar-i.'-utn 



Can-av-a'lT-a 

oan-dam-ar-cen'-sis 
Can-de-la'-brum 

can'-dic-ans ... 
can'-did-a 

Can-dol'-la-a'-na 
Can-dol-le-i ... 



can-es -oens ... 

can-jc-al a'-ta 

Can'-na 

can-nab'- in-a ... 

Can-nae-oai'-pum 

Can-6-ni 

Cans'-] er-a 



Can'-ter-bu-ry-a-na 
f!an'-thi-um 

Can'-tu-a 



.. {Latin), vith an additional calyx, sceiriinw'ly, from fracts 
disposed honcaUi tlic normal calyx (Jv. 1/248) ; 
{Jamaican), name of the plant (N. 2/23-I') ; 
,. [loc.) Camhofa, tenitory south of Siam in South f]ast Asia ; 

I {loc.) of Caynho)a ; 

{com,) George Joseph Kamel, alias Caniellh-s, Moravian Jesuit, 
traveller in Asia, with a history of the ]ilants of the Isle of 
Lazun (JST. 1/250) ; often mispronounced Cam-e-le a (N. 4/-351) : 

comelus [Latin] a camel; [all :] eaten by camels ; 

[Latin], Bell iloicer [Campanula (Latin), little bell ; {all :) shape 
of the flowers] Family or Order ; 
„ [Latin], hell-shape (N. 1 2.58) : of a calyx or corclla, in which 
the tube is inflated, and f^radually enlarged into the limb, 
but the base of which is not conical ; 

(eom.) Dr. C, Campbell ; a correspondent of Roxburgh. 
,. Karpura {Sanscrit) througli Kafiir {Arabic) (McL. 12l) ; 

{Latin), uhite ; with a greyish tinge caused by hairs, overlying 
a green surface and not easily distinguished by the eye. 

Kananga {Malayan), name of the plant (McL. 350) ; 

.. 1 {loc.) of the Canara district ; 

{loc.) of the Canary Isles, in the North Atlantic Ocean, off the 

West Coast of Africa ; 
{Latin), c'lncellate ; when the Parenchyma is wholly absen'', and 
the veins alone remain, anastomosing and forming a net 
work ; 
.. Kdnar'i {Malayan) name of the plant (McL. 287) ; Nicholson 
places the accent on the second a, as is usually done ; but if 
MacLean'a is the correct name, it is obvious that, that i.s 
wroEg ; 
,.. Kanavdzhi (corrupted into Canavali) {Malayalam), name ^f the 
plant (McL. 1009 ; N. 1/259) ; 
{loc.) of Cundinamarca {'fi.l/'Zai), Ecuador, South America ; 
Candelabrum, {Latin), a candle stick; {all:) branching, v.ith 
flower-spikes at the ends, like candles. 
,. {Latin), hecom.inrj white and glistening ; 
,,. {Latin), pure white with a translucent touch in it ; lilij white ; 

not qnite so clear snow white ; 
... 1 {com.) of Augustus Pyramus de Candolle [(pr :) 0-goos-toos Pee 
... J rar. moos der Carndole] formerly Professor of Botany at 
Geneva (Switzerland), and author of " Prodromns systema- 
lis naturalis regni vegetabilis " 1818 — 1831, and other num- 
erous-botanical works (N. 1/260) ; 
{Latin), hoarii, or approaching to white (N. 1/260) ; greyish 

white caused by hair overlaying a green surface. 
{Latin), channelled; loug and concave, so as to resemble a 
gutter or channel ; 
... Karma {Oreek), cane, or reed; {all.) stems of the plants (Gk. 

Lex.) ; 
... {Oreeh), like Hemp (Canuabis) (Gk. Lex) ; 
... Kanne Karpos {GreeJc),yvith fruit like Canna; 

{com.) of Canon (N. 1/117); 
... cheruvalli kanniram (corrupted into Kan: scheru) {Malayalam) 
small clim.bing nux-vomica (Stychnos), name of the plant 
(Rox. 1/441) ; 
{lor.) of Canterbury, province of New Zealand; 
Kantankdra {Malayalam) name of the plant {parvijlorum), first 
part latinized (Ch.) ; 
„, Cantu {Peruvian), uame of the plant (N. 1/263) ; 



30 PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 

oa-pen'-se ... .. (Latin), of the Gape oj Good Hope, South Africa; 

cap-il-la'-ris ... .^ {Latin), hair-like ; slender like a nair; 

cap-it-a-ta ... ... (Da^iw), /leacieti ; collected in a head or cluster or sessile or sub- 

sessile flowers ; or, when suddenly t.hicker at the point than 
in any other part of an organ ; 

P "^ ' . ' , ' ' \ {Latin) growing in small heads (N. 1/263) ; 

Cap -par-id-a'-ce-a3 ... (Latin), Caper (Capparie) Family or Order; 

cap-par'-id-if-ol'-i-a ... (Latin) ; with leaves like the Cajier (Capparis) ; 

Cap'-par-is ... ... Kapparis (Greek) ; from Kaar (Arabic), name of the plant used 

by Diosoorides (N. 1/263) ; 

Cap-rif-ol'-i-a'-ce-ae ... Caprifolium (Latin) of a he-goat leaf; (ali :) mode of insertion 

of the True Honeysuckle leaf ; Honeysuckle (Lonicera) Family 

or Order ; 
Cap'-sic-um ... ... Kapto (Greek), to ite ; (all :) biting heat of the seeds and 

pericarp (N. 1/264) ; 
Ca-ral'-li-a ... .. Kdru, alii (Telugu), forest, shining; (all-.) shining glabous 

leaves ; Nicbolsou makes the first syllable short, which is 

obviously wrong ; 
Car-am-bo'-l,'i ... Karmaranga (Sanskrit) [through Karambala (Maharatti)^ work 

desire ; (all :) making food palatable (McL. 229) ; it would 

seem as if the accent should properly be on the second, not 

third, syllable ; 

Car-an'-das ... ... Karonda (Hindustani) , name of the plant (McL. 132) ; 

Car-a'-pa ... ... (Guianese), name of the tree (N. 1/265) ; 

Car-dam-o'-mam ... Kardamon, amomon (Greek), Cress (i.e., pungent) amomum ; (all -.) 

pungeucy of the seeds and affinity ; 
car'-di-op-et'-al-us ... (Greek) , with heart shaped petals ; 
Car'-di-os-per'-mum ... Kardia, sperma (Greek), Heart seed ; {all :) prominent white 

hi-art shaped scars on the seed (N. 5/194) ; 
Ca'-i'ey-a ... ... (com.) Rev. Wm. Carey, of Serampnre, distinguished botanist 

and linguist (N. 1/267), Ediuir of Roxburgh's " Flora indica ' 

in 1832. 
Ca-ri'-ca ... ... Karikos (loc. and Greek), of Oaria, province in Asia Minor; 

(all :) its (erroneously) supposed habit at (N. 1/267) ; 
Car-is'-sa ... ... Kryshna (Sanskrit), dark blue, or black ; (aiZ:) fruit which is 

blackish blue, and called in Sanskrit Krxjahnap^hala (McL. 

132) ; 
car-i-na'-tus ... ... (Latin), keeled ; resembling the keel of a boat, with a projecting 

ridge arising from a flat, or concave, central rib ; 
Car-ln-dov'-io-a ... (Com.) Charles IV, of Spain ani Louisa, his Queen (N. 1/268) ; 

car -ne-a ... ... (Latin), flesh coloured ; white tinged with pure pink ; 

car-no'-sa ... ... (Laiin), /7-esh.t/ in consistency ; 

Car-pi-nus (Latin), name used by Pliny (N. 1/271) : the second syllable 

should not be pronoun(jed short, as it often is (W. 1/271) ; 

car'-til-a-gin'-e-um ... (Latin) of the consistence of cartiage, or gristle ; 

car-y-oph'-yl-lEe-a ... Kariwphullon [from Qar«m/«i, ( Arabic)], hoion (Greek), clove, 
like as ; (all :) resemblance of leaves (N. 1/274) ; 

car-y-oph'-yl-a'-ta ... (Latiyi) being the clove (oaryophyllum) ; 

car-y-oph-yl'-lif-ol'-i-a. (Latin), clove leaved ; 

car-y-oph-yl-lo-i'-des, (Greek), clove resembling ; 

cav-y-op'-ter-is ... Karuon, pteris (Greek), yiut, wing ; (all :) winged fruit 

(N. 1/274) ; 

Car-y-o'-ta ... ... Karuotis (Greek), name used by Dioscorides (N. 1/274) ; 

oar-y-o'-ti-fol'-i-a ... (Latin), Caryota leaved ; 

Oas-e-a'-ri»a ... ... (com.) J. Caseariits, who assisted Van Rheede "in Hortus M ala- 

bariens " (N. 1/275) ; 

Cas'-si-a Kasia (Greek) [from Quetsioth (Hebrew)] name used by Dios- 

corides (N. 1/275) ; 

Cas-sum-u'-nar .. Kasumunar (Hiudustani), name of the plant (McL. 139); 



PRONUNCIATION AND DElilVATION. 31 

Cas'-Bytli-a ... ... Kas/^uthen (llreek), irhat has been sewn together ; {all ;) the intri- 

cato intorhicinfr of the stems •, 
Ca»'-tan-e-a ... (La<in) [from Xa.stotia, (d'reeA-), (N. 4/351 ", name of the tree, 

nsi'd l)y Virgil (Ciisa. Lat. Die); also chestnut brown, a dull 
brown, sljiihtly tinged with red ; 
Cas-tan-op'-sis ... Kastana, np.sis (Greek), chestnut tree, re-^emblance ; {all:) 

affinity (N. 5/201 < ; 
Cas'-tau-os-por'-iuuin. Kastanon, sperma {(ireek), chestnut, seed ; {all -.) the seeds taste 

like chestnuts (N. 1/278) ; 
Gas-til-lo'-a ... ... {coin.] D. Castillejo [(pr.) Car-stce-yay-ho botanist of Madrid, 

(N. 1/378) ; 
Cas-ii-ar-i'-na.., ... Casuarius {Lati7i), Cassoivary ; {all-.) the long weeping leafli^ss 

Iiranelies which resemble the drooping feathers of the bird 
(N. 1/278); 
Cas'-u-av-i-na'-ce-ee ... {Latin), &7ie oafc (Casuarina) Family or Order; 
Cat-al'-pa ... ... {N. American Indiari), name of the tree {h. l/27b) ; 

cat-aph-rac'-ta ... Kataiphracta [Greek), fenced in ; {all:) used for fencing, or, on 

account of the fearsome thorns, applying to the jilant itself ; 
Cat-ap'-pa ... ... Katapang {Malayalam), name of the tree (McL. 138) ; 

Cat-.'-ech-u ... ... Kachu {C'anarese), name of the resinous extract (Mcli. 255). 

cat-ech-iio-i'-des ... Catechu, eidos {qusisi-Greek) , like Catechu ; 

Cat-es-bee'-a ... ... (com.) Mark Catestj, contemporary of Linnocus, author oi' 

" Natural History of Carolina " (N. 1/280) ; 
cath-ar'-tic-a ... „. {Greek), purgative; 

Catt-lei-a'-nuim ... {co7n.) of Wm. Cattley, ot Bsirnet, Hertfordshire, famous patron 
of Botany, and one of the most ordent collectors of rare 
plants in his day (N. 1/284). 
cau-da'-tum ... ... (Laiin), taiieci, or having a long process like a tail (N. 1/284) ; 

as in the tips of some leaves, e.g., Peepul ; 
caa-lif-lo'-ra ... ... {Latin), withjiowers groicing from the item ; 

cau-li'-uu8 ... ... {Latin), cauline ; of, or belonging to, the Stem ; or arising there 

from ; 
Ced-re'-la ... ... Qedrella {Latin), diminutive of Cedrus, Cedar tree ; {all :) wood 

having aromatic like the Cedar (N. ] /285) ; Nicholson places 
the accent on the first syll.ibli»\ and the diminutive should 
have the double 1 or long E ; 
Ced'-rus ... .•• {Lati^i) [from Kedros], (Greek)] name of the tree, words used 

by Homer, Vii-gil, Horace and liny (N. 1/285) ; (Cass. Lat. 

Die); 

Oe-i'-ba ... ... (iSou</i .4TOeri'c7i), name of the tree (N. 1/201) ; 

Ce-las-tra'-ce-a) ... {Latin), Staff Tree {elastrus) Family or Order ; 

Ce-las'-tru ... ... Kelastros {Greek), Privet (Ligustrum), name given by 

Theophrastas ; {all -.) resemblance of mode of growth 

(N. 1/287) ; 
ce-la-toc-aH'-lis ... {Latin), concealed-stemmed; {all:) lies flat on walls, and 

stem is concealed by its own leaves (N. 1/213) ; 

oe-lo'-si-o-i'-des ... Kelosia [{rom. KeleSs, dried up], Eidos {Greek), Celosia like; 
Cel'-si ... ... {com.) of Olaus Celsius, IQ'IO — 1756, Professor of the University 

of Upsala (Sweden) (N. 1/290) ; 
Cel'-tis ... ... {Latin), naraft used by Pliny for the Lotus (Zizyphus 

Lotus) ; {all :) similarity of foliage (N. 1/290) ; 
cen-tif-ol'-i-a ... {Latin), hundred leaved; 

Cen-troB-e'-ma ... Kentron, Sema {Greek), spur, standard; {all:) the standard 

has a short spur behind (N. 5/213) ; 
ceph-al-o'-nic-a ... {loc.) of Cephalonia, the largest of the Ionian islands, 

belonging to Greece ; 
Ceph'-al-os-tach'-y-um. Kephale, stachys (Greek), head, spike ; (all :) the terminal 

globose heads of spikelete ; 
ceph-al-o'-tes ... (Greek), in head*i, as of flowers (N. 1/294); 

ce-ra'-ce-us (./^afin), waajt/, having the texture and colour of new wax; 

er'-as-o-i'-des ... (Greek) , resembling Cerasus ; 



32 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Cer'-as-us 

Cer-at-o'-m-a 
cer'-ber-a 



ce-re-if'-er-a ... 

ce-rif-er-a 

Ce'-re-ns 

co-ri'-na 

Ce-riu'-tho-i'-des 
Ce'-ri-opH 

cer'-nu-us 

Cer-rop-e'-gi-a 

Ce-rox'-yl-nm 

Cer'-ris 

cer-vi'-nus 
Ces'-trnm 
cey-lan'-ic-a ... 
Cha'ba 

Chail-le'-ti-a ... 
Chai-le'-ti-a'-ce-oe .. 
Cham-ae'-rops 

Cham-ber-lay'-nH-i .. 
Cham'-pa 

Cham-pa'-ca ... 
Cbap'-lash-a ... 
Chap'-par 

char-ta'-cf!-ns ... 

Chas-a'-li-a ... 

Che'-bul-a 

chel-o-ne-o-i'-des 



Che'-nop-od-i-a'-ce-oe. 

Cher-im-o'-li-a 

Chi-loc-ar'-pus 

chi-nen'-se 
Chi-o-coc'-ca ... ... 

Chlo-ranth-a'-ce-se ... 
Chlo-ranth'-us 

ohlo-roc-ar'-pusn 



Kerasos {Greek), a town of Pontus, a territory of Asia Minor, 

whence the Cherry tree is said to have been first brought 

(N. 1/295) ; 
Keration (Oreek), a little horn ; {all :) resemblance of the pods 

(N. 1/297) ; 
Cerberus {class), the three headed dog at the gate«» of 

Tartarus (Hell); {all:) its poisonous properties (N. 1/297) 

(Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 

\ {Latin), Wax hearing; 

{Latin) , flexible as icax ; {all:) pliancy of the shoots of some 

species, (N. 1/298) : 
{Latin), waxy yellow ; dull yellow, with a soft admixture of red- 
dish brown, and waxy lustre ; 
{Greek), like the Eoney-v^ort (Cerinthe) (N. 1/300) ; 
Kerion, ops {Greek), icaxen (ablet, resemblance ; {all :) waxy 

appearance of the leaves ; 
{Latin), drooping ; inclining from the perpendicular, so that the 

apex is directed towards the horizon ; 
Keros, pege {Greek), wax, fountain : {all-.) form and waxy 

appearance of the flowers (N. 1 .300) ; 
Keros, xylon {Greek), v:ax wood; {all-.) the trunk is coated 

with wax (N. 1/301) ; 
Oerrus {Latin), name of the Turkey Oak used by Phiny (Cass. 

Lat. Die.) ; 
{Latin), fawn-coloured ; same as fulvous (q.v.) but darker; 
Kestron {Greek), ancient name (N. 1/301) ; 
{loc.) of Ceylon ; 

Chdvya {Sanskrit), nam.e of tlie plant (lIcL. G77) ; 
{com.) Chaillet [(Pr:) Shi-yay] French botanist; 
{Latin), Chailletia Family or Order ; 
chamdi^ rhops {Greek), on the ground, bush ; {all -.) low growth 

of the plants (N. 1;306) ; 

{com^ of Chamberlayne ; 

{HiiMustani) , resembling Michelia champaca ; {all :) flavour of 
fruit supposed to resemble scent of the flower ; 

{loc.) of Champa, province of Camboja (q.v.) (McL. 156) ; 

chaplash {Bengali), name of the tree ; 

Sdlpan [by corruption, chappar] {Hindustani), name of the 
plant ; 

{Latin), papery ; having the consistence of writing paper, non- 
transparent ; 

{c0:m.) de Chasal [(pr-.) der Shar-zarl] French botanist 

{loc.) of Cabul, in Afg-hfiniHtan (McL. 928) ; 

{Greek), like the Turtle head plant (chelone) ; {all:) the back 

of the upper lip of the corolla is comj)ared to a tortoise 

[N. 1/310] ; 
{Latin) Goose foot I^chenopodinm [from chen, pous [g. Podos"], 

{Greek) goose, foot ; {all :) shape of leaves] Family or Order; 
Cherimover ^Peruvian], name of the plant, latinized 

[N. 1/82]; 

Cheilos, Karpos {Greek), lip, fruit; {all:) the fleshy berry 
ultimately becoming two valved as if opening its mouth ; 
loc.) of China ; 

Chi' on, kokkos {Greek), snow berry ; {all:) the berries of one 
species [called su-jwberry] are white [N. 1/315] ; 

{Latin), Chloranthus Family or Order ; 

Chloros, anthos {Greek), green, flower ; {all :) flower.s have no 

perianth ; 
{(itreek), green fruited 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



33 



Ohlo-roph'-or-a 

chlo'-rops 
ohlo'-ros 

Clilo-rox'-yl-on 

Choi-sy-a'-na 

Cho-ne-mor'-pha 
cho-ri-zan'-dra 

Chor-iz'-om-a 



Chor-iz'-em-Sfi-fol'-i-a. 
Chry-sal'-id-oo-ar'-pus. 

Ghry-sanfch'-eia-uiu ... 

chry-se-i'-dea 
Chry-sob-al'-an-us ... 

chry-soc-ar'-pa 
chiy-8op!i-yr-liim 

chry'-80S 

Chu-kras'-si-a 

cic-a-trisa'-tns 

cic-u-ta'-ri.um 

cil-i-a'-re 
cil-i-a'-tus 
Ciu-obo'-na ... 

cin-er-a'-ce-a 
ein-er'-e-a 

ciu'-nab-a»ri' na 

(Sn-nam-o'-rae-a, 

cin-nam-o'-mif-ol'-i-a. 
Cin-nam-o'-inxirt 

Cip-ad-es'-sa... 

cir-cin-a'-lis ... 
cir-cin-a'-fcum 
Cir-rhop-et'-al-um ... 

cir-rlio'-siis ... ... 

Cis-sam'-pel-os 



Chloros ■phorp.o (Greek), green or yellow to hear ; {all -.) grSen or 

vellow dyes produced by the Fustic Tree (N. 1/227) ; 
(Greelc), appearing greenish ; 
{Greek), cloar green, same as vividis (q.v.), less brigbt than 

gra^s green ; 
Qhloros, xijlon {Oreek) yellowish wood ; {all -.) the wood is a 

deep yellovvisli (N. 1/317) ; 
{com.) of M. Ohoisy [(pi*:) Sh'var-zoe] a botanist of Geneva, 

and author of many monographs in DeCandolle's 

" Prodromus " (N. 1/317) ; 
ChonS, morphe {Greek), funnel-shape ; (all :) shape of the 

Hovvers (N. 5/228) ; 
Chorlzo, aner [(/. andros^^ {Greek), to separate, 'males ; {all :) 

stamens 6 separate and long exserted instead of the usual 

3, connate or separ.it*! ; 
choros zema (Greek), dance, drink j (all -.) Labillardioro, after 

coming across many salt springs in New Holland, found 

a fresh spring close by where he discovered this plant 

(N. 1/317); 
(Latin), ivith leaves like chorizema ; 

Ohrusos, karpos (Greek), gold, fruit ; (all:) colour of the nuts 

(N. 1/318) ; 
Chrilsos, anthamon (Greek), gold fl^ower ; (all ;) colour of the 

flowers (N. 4/351, 37b); 
Ohriiseos, eidos (Greek), golden, like ; 

' Chrusos balanos (Grick), gold, nut ; (all:) colour of the fruits 

of some species (N. 1/324) ; 
Chruseos harpos (Greek), gold, fruited ; 
Chrusos phnllon t Greek), gold, leaf; (all:) onder site of the 

leaves (N. 1/32-5); 
(Greek), golden-yellow-^, name as aureous (q.v.); 
ChukrasJ, Hindustani, name of the tree (MpL. 1H8) ; 
(Latin), scarred ; marked by the scars of bodies that have fallen 

off; 
(Latin), hemlock (cicuta) -iifce, foliage, finely devided; 

■ (Latin), fringed, as with an eye lid ; 

(com.) Countess of Chinchon [(pr:) shang-Shorng 1 wife of 

Governor of Peru, who in 1638 was cnred of a fever by 

the use of Peruvian Bark (N. l/^BO) ; 
(Latin), ashg 'white ; same as next, but rnther white ; 
(Latin), ashy grey ; intermediate between pure white end pure 

grey ; 
(Latiji), salmor coloured, scarlet with an admixture of orange ; 

but dull [hetwean miniatus a,nd aurantiacus'\ ; 
(Latin), cinnavion brown, bright brown mixed with yellow and 

red ; 
(Latin), with leaves like cinnamon ; 

Kinnamovion (Greek) [from Kinamon (Arabic)], name of the 

plant, used by Theophrastus (N. 1/330) ; 
Cipus, adese {Latin), tomb, to be present ; (all :) it grows 

rankly in all was*e places and about burial grounds ; 
I (Latin), cured like a shepherd's crook ; or rolled spirally down- 
) wards ; 
Kirrhos pe talon (Greek),- tendril, petal ; (all :) strap shaped 

petals of the plant (N. 1/330) ; 
(Latin, from Greek) ; tendrilled ; terminated by a spiral or flat 

nose filiform appendage ; 
Kissos ampelous (Greek), Ivy, vine ; (all -.) resemble ivy in 

rambling habit, and the vine in raceuied fruits (NT. 1/331) ; 



34 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Cis-ta'-ce-se 

Cis-tu8 

Cith-ar-ex'-yl-ui)i 

oifc'-re-a 

oit-rif-ol'-i-a ... 
oit'-ri-od-o'-ra 
cit-ria-na ... 

Cit'-rus 

Cla-ox'-yl-on 

Clark'-e-i 

cla-va'-ta 
cla-vif-or' mis 
Clau-se'-na ... 

Clei-di-on 

Clei-sos'-tom-a 

Clei-stan'-thus 

Clo'-raat-)P 

Qje-roa-en'-aron 
Cli'-an'-fchus ... 



Cli-nog'-yn-e 
Cli'-tor-i-a 



clyp-ea'-ta ... 

co-ac-er-va'-ta 

co-ac'-ta 

Co-ad-na'-tus 

Co-ad-u-na'-tus 

Co-al'-it-ns ... 

Cob-aj'-a 

Cob'-be 

Co'-ca 

coo-cig'-er-a ... 

coc-cin-el-lif'.er-a 

coc-cin'-e-a ... 

Coc-col'-ob-a 
Coo'-cul'-us ... 



coch-le-a'-ris 

coch-le-a'-tum 
Coch-los-per'-mum 

Co'-cos ... 



Kistos (Greek), box or, capsule ; {all :) remarkable sbape of the 

capsules (N. 1/531); 
, Kithare Xylon (Greek), lyre, wood; (all:) suitability of 

wood for musical instruments (N. 1/333) ; 
(Latin) (com.), yellow ; the purest light yellow, without any 

brio'htneKS ; 
(Latin), with leaves like a lemon ; 
(Latin), lemon scented ; 
(Latin), lemon yellow ; purest li^^ht yellow, but without any 

brightness ; 
Kitron (Greek), the citron (TH. 1/334; Gk. Lex.) ; 

Klao, Xylon (Greek), to break, ivood ; (all :) brittle wood ; 

(com.) of C. B. Clarke, one of the helpers of Sir J. D. Hooker 
in preparing '* The P^lora of British India." 

\ (Latin), cluh shaped, thick eud uppermost (N. 1/336) ; 

(com.) P. Clausoen [(pr:) clou-zern] Danish botanist of the 

17th century (N. 1/336) ; 
Kleidion (Greek), a little key ; (all -.) the female flowers some- 
what reseauble a small key ; 
Kleio, stoma (Greek), to close the mouth ; (all :) mouth of spur 

closed by a toothed process (N. 1/337) ; 
Kleistos, anthos (Greek), closed flower ; (all :) ovary enclosed 

by the disc ; 
Klema (glematis) (Greek), vine branch ; (all:) the plants climb 

like vines (N. 1/337) ; usually u.ispronounced, either the a 

made long, or the m thrown into the first syllable (N. 4/351) ; 
Kleros; dendron (Greek), chance, tree; (all:) said to be owing 

to the uncertainty of the medicinal properties (N. ]/;-!41). 
Kleios anthos (Greek) glory, floioer ; (all :) handsome flowers 

(N. 1/312) ; evidently a niisin-int in Nicholson giving a short 

mark (^) over the i ; 
KUno gv.ne (Greek), to bend down, female; (all •) hooked style ; 
Klltoris (Greek), an anatomical organ fancied to exist in the 

flower (N. 1/343) ; often wrongly pronounced with the t in 

the first syllable ; 
, (Latin, from Greek), buckler sha'ped ; same a,s scutate (q.v. ; 
(Latin), clustered ; same as aggregate (q-v.} ; 
(Latin) massed together ; 

, > (Latin), connate (q.v.) ; 

. (com.) B Cobo, Spanish botanist (S. 1/345). 

Kobbe (Singhalese), name of the plant; 

(South American), name of the plant; 

(Latin), scarlet berry bearing ; 

(Latin), cochineal insect bearing ; 
. (Latin), scarlet red, pure crimson 
(between -phoeniceus and inii)iatu.'<) ; 
. Kokkos lobos (Greek), berry, pod ; (all :) fruit (N. 1/346); 

Cocculus, diminuive oi coccus (Latin), systematic name for the 
cochineal ; {all :) scarle berries which most of the plans 
formerly assigned to this genus possess (N'. 1/346) ; 

(Latin), cochlear ; when one piece, larger than the others, and 
hollowod out like a helmet or bowl, covers all the others ; 

(Latin), snail hell-like in shape ; 

. Cochlos, sperma (Greek), shell flsh inth spiral shell, seed; (all:) 

twisted seed (N'. 1/347) ; 
,. Coco (Port^iguese), monkey ; (all :) end of the nut resembling a 

monkey's face (N. 1/348) ; 



tinged with yellow 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



h5 



Cod-dap-an'-na 

Co-di-ae'-uin 
co-dy-eii'-sis 

co-ha!'-rcn8 ... 
Coe-lod'-ep-as 



Coe-lod-is'-o':8 

Coe-log^'-yn-o 

Cof-fe'-a 

cof'-fe-o-i'-des 
Co-hii'-ne 
Co'-la 
Cole-brook'-i-a 

Cole-brook-i-a'-na 
col-la'-ta 

Col-le'-ti-a 

eol-li'-na 
col-o-ra'-ta 
col-ub-ri'na ... 

col-um-na'-ris 



Col-vil'-le-a ... 

Com-bre-tii.'-ce-a; 

Com-bre'-tum 

Com-mer-9o'-iii-i 

com-mu'ne 
com-o'-sa 
com-pac'-ta ... 
coni-pla-iia'-fca 
com-nos'-it-a 



com-pres -sa ... 

comp-'ta 

con-ca-nen'-sis 

con-cin'-na 
con-dup-lic-a'-tus 

coD-fert'-ta ... 

con'-flu-ens ... 
Con'-ge'-a 



con-ges'-ta 
con-glom-er-a'-tu8 



Kota, pana (Malayalam), Jlag, palm; (all:) resemblance of 

fi)liaii:e to flayfs or banners, name of a Siraihir palm ; 
Codebo) (Malyan)t itnmo of the chief hihhm es (N. l/;J4;i); 
{loc.) of Kodaikdnal, liill statioa on the Palni Hillo iu Madnra 

District ; 
(Latin), connate (q.v. ) ; 
Ko7lo.-<, dcpas (Greek), hollow, goblet j (all :) calyx CTii)-8liaped 

in the female, globose and splitting into 3—4 segments in 

the male ; 
KoJlo!i, dislos (Greek), liollow, disk; [all-.) disk naked, the 

stamens snrrouiidir.g it ; 
Kollo:^, gam (Greek), hollow, f&male; (all-.) stamino-pistillary 

colurim winged and hooded (N. 1/;J56) ; 
K''hau-ah (Arabic) (Enc. Brit.), name of the plant; or coffee 

(N. 1/35S) \caffa (Enc. Brit.)] in Abyssinia in Africa; 
(Zaim), like the coffee plant ; 

(Hondurafi), name of the Attalea Palm (N. 1/14-1) ; 
(Tropical African), name of the plai:t (N. 1/3.59) ; 
(com.) Henry Thomas Colebrooke, f.r.s., f.l.s., accomplished 

botanist (N. 1/3G0); 
(com.) of Colebrooke'; 
(Latin), brought together; 

(com.) Philibert Collet [(pr :) Fee-loe-bair-cole-lay], French 

botanical writer, 164.3—1718 (N. 1/361) ; 
(Latin), pertaining to hills ; 
(Latin), tinted ; 
coliiber (Latin) snake ; (all -.) twisted stamens (N. 1/365), also 

if resembling- a snake from twisted stem, or used as antidote 

for snake poison ; 
Latin, formed like a coluvin (N. 1/365) ; in Orchids, the pistil 

and staminal filament form a colomn ; or a leaf of two or 

more leaflets ; 
(com.) Sir Cha^, Colville, Governor of Mauritius (N. 5/256) ; 
(Latin) Combretum Family, or Order; 
(Latin), name given bv Pliny to a, now unknown, climbing plant 

(N. 1/364) ; 
(com.) of Philibert Gommerson, distinguished botanist, died 1727. 

(N. 5/256) ,• 
(Latin), commion ; 

(Latin), furnished irith tufts of long soft hairs (H.) ; 
(Latin), ivith the parts set close together (li.) ; 
(Latin), flattened in any direction (H.) ; 
(Latin), compound, with two or more parts forming a whole ; 

c.y., a flower made up several florets in one head (H.) ; or a 

leaf of two or more leaflets; 
(Latin), compressed, flattened lengthwise ; 
(Latin), ornamented ; 
(loc.) pertaining to the Konkan, the moist region along the coast 

from Bombay southwards ; 
(Latin), elegant (H.) ; 

(Latin), conduplicate , when the sides are applied parallelly 

to the faces of a each other ; 
(Latin), closely packed (H.) ; crowded; when the parts are 

closely pressed round about each other. 
(Latin), connate (q.v.) ; 

Kangia (Bengali), name of Symphorema peutandra (Rox. 3/54)) 
supposed by Roxburgh to the same genus (Roscoea, according 
to him) ; 

(Latin), heaped together (H.) ; 

(Latin), clustered same ag aggre'jate (q.v.) ; 



3-A 



36 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVAIION, 



co-nic-ai" -pa ... 
C'o-nil'-er-a3 ... 

con-iug'-a'-ta 

Con-nar-a'-ce-te 
Con-uar-us ... 



con-na'-ta 
con-ni'-vens ... 
co-no'i'-de-a... 
con-san-guin'-e-us 
coa-spic'-u-a .. 
con-fcin'-u.-U8 ,. 



con-tor' -t a 

con-ver-gin-er'-vis ,. 
con-vol-u'-ta ... 

Con-vol-vul-a'-ce-a3 .. 

Oook'-i-i 

Cop-er-nic'-i-a 

op-ros'-ma ... 

or-ao-in-us .. 
or-al'-li-o-i'-des 
ior'-chor-if-ol'-i-a ... 
uor'-chor-ijs ... 

cor-da'-ta 

cor-dif-or'-mis 

Cor-di-a 

cordif-ol-i-a ... 
Cor-dyl-i'-ne ... 
cor-i-a'-oe-a ... 
cor-j-a'-ri-a 
Cor-na'-ce-iB ... 
cor'-ne-a ... ., 

cor-nig'-ei'-a ... 
Cor'-ixus 

cor-nu'-ta 
cor-om-an-del-i-a'-na 

cor-o'-nans 
cor-o-iia'-ri-ns 
cor-o-na'-tns ... 



{Greelc), sJia'ped like a cone, with taperingapex form a broad base ; 

otherwise oyliudrical ; 
{Greek) ivith conical, or cone-like, fruit ; 
{Latin), Conifer [conum, fero (Latin), Cone (a scaly multiple 

fruit)], or Pine Family, or OrHer ; 
{Latin), a leaf stalk bearini^" only a single pair of leaflets (N. 

1/3(37) ; 
{Latin), Connarus Family, or Order; 

Konnaros {Greek), an unknown tree described at length by 
Athenains (N. 1/367), a Greek of Naacratis, near the mouth 
of the Nile in Egypt, abont end of 2nd century (Enc. Brit.) ; 

{Latin), similar organs congenitally pined together (H.) ; 

{Latin), converging, having a gradnally inward direction ; 

{Greek), resembling, but not accurately, a cone ; 

{Latin), closely related [literally, related by blood] ; 

(Latin), conspicuous, or conspicuously fine ; 

(Latin), continuous, reverse of interrupted (q.v.) ; when a 
symmetrical arrangement is ]jreserved throughout along 
the axis, and not broken at intervals, as in some inflores- 
cences ; 

(Latin), twisted in one direction upon itself (U.) ; obliquely 
imbricated ; 

(Latin), curved ribbed, see curvinervis ; 

(Latin), convolnte, when one organ is wholly wrapped up in 

another organ, e.g.. one petal in another ; 
(Latin), Coyivo-lvulus [from Convolvo (Latin), to entwine ; (all :) 

twining habit] Family or Order; 
(com.) Capt. James Cook, R.N.. celebrated navigator, killed in 

the Sandwich Islands, 1779 (N. 1/371) ; 
(com..) Nicolaus Kopperniqk, alias Copernicus, celebrated (jcrinan 

Astronomer, 1473--I543 (N. 1/i7lj Enc. P.rit.) ; 
Kopros, sme (Greek), dung, smell ; (all :) fetid smell of crushed 

leaves; 
(Greek) raven black, bluish with strong lustre ; 
Korallion, eldos (Greek), coral, resemblance; 
(Latin), with leaves Like Jute (Corchorus) ; 

Korchoros (Greek), a poor Yegetahle. growing in the Pelo ponne- 
sus (Gk. Led ), S.W. portion of Greece ; 
"^ (Latin), heart shaped, like the heart m playing cnrds ; with two 
) rounded lobos at the base ; 
(com.) Henricics Urbanus, otherwise JE/vrtciws Cordus, 14^80 — 1535 

(N. 1/372) ; 
(Latin), ivith leaves heart shaped at base ; 
Kordille (Greek), a club ; (all :) fleshy roots (N. 1/372) ; 
(Latin), of leathery consistence, or tough (H.) ; 
Corium, (Latin), a hide ; used by tanners ; 
(Latin), Cornel or Dogivood (Cornus) Family, or Order; 
(Latin), horny, hard, very close in texture, but capable of being 

cut without difficulty, the parts cut not being brittle ; 
(Latin), horn bearing; 

Cornu (Latin), horn ; (all : ) toughness of the wood (N. 1/378), 
word nsed bv arid (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 

(Latin), horned ; terminating in [Processes resembling horns ; 

(loc.) of the Coromandel, or East Coast of the Madras Presi- 
dency ; 

(Latin), crowning, situated at the top of anything ; 

(Latin), relating to, or used for making, a garland; 

(Latin), crowned, with K0:ne organ on its ape.v ; or having a 
special organ called a corona, or crown, or appendages of the 
corolla or stamens ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



37 



Cor-ro'-a 



cor-ruii-!i-t.a. ... 
Cor-Ri'-iii-a-nimi 
cor-tio-a'-tu8 ... 
Coi-yl-us 



cor-ym bif-lo'-ra 
coi-ym-bo'-sa... 

Cor-yn-oc-ar-pua 

Cor'-y[)h-a 

Cos-cin'-i-iim... 

Cos-mos-tig'-ma 

cos-ta'-tus 
Cos-tug 

Coh-o-ne-as'-tei' 

Cofc-to'-ni-a ... 

cot-yl-if-or'-mis 
Coui-'-bar-il ... 
Cou-rou-jii-ta 

cour-tal-len'-sis 
cour-tal'-lic-a 

cras-si£-ol'-i-uu3 
cras'-sns 
Crat-a3'-gus ... 

crat-ae'va 

crat-e-rif-or'-mia 

cre'-ber 
cre'-bra 
ci'e-na'-ta 

cre-na'-bifol -'ia 
cre-uul-a' tus 

crep-id-a'-tuni 

crep it-ans ... 
Cres-cen'-ti-a 

Cres'-sa 

cre-ta'-oe-a ... 

cre-tic-a 



(com.) Jo.s^e Francei^co Correa da Scrra, 17ijO— 1^23, a learnod 
Portuguese, who pnblisliod sevoval treatises on plant physio- 
logy (N. ]/;580); 

(Latin), irrejularty tmnkled (H.) ; 

(cow.) of Cori^ini ; 

(Latin), coated, harder externally tlian internally ; 

(Latin), name ot the tiee u.sed by Virgil and Cvid (Cass. Lat. 
Die.), from Koriis (Ureek) helmet ; (all -.) calycino covering of 
the nnt (N, 1/384) ; 

(Latin), with corymbose flowers ; 

(Latin), bavint; a flat topped inflorescence, which is a raceme, 
the pedicels of which gradually get shorter and shorter as 
they approach the summit and centre (N. 1/385) ; 

Koritne Karpos (Greek), club, fruit; (all-.) shape of the fruit 
(N. 1/385); 

Korv/phe (Greek), the summit; (all:) leaves all growing in a 
tuft at the top of the stem (N . 1/38G) ; 

Koski^iion (Greek), a little sieve ; (all :) seed perforated (N. 
1/386); 

Kosmos, stigma (Greek), beautiful stigma; (all-.) broad flat 5- 
a,ngled stigma ; 

(Latin), midribbed, having a midrib ; 

Kushtha (Sanskrit), bad spoed ; (all:) euro foi' eruptions (McL* 
j^7);^ 

I^otone on. aster (Greek), Quince tree star; (all:) resemblance 
to the Quince, and star like flowers (N". 1/38); 

(com.) Major-General Frederick Cotton, c.s.i., Madras Engineers, 
collector of Orchids — -, whofound one of this genus in Malabar 
(N. 1/262);^ 

(Laiin), resembling rotate (q.v.), but with an erect limb ; 

(South American), name of the plant (N. 2/164) ; 

(Guianesa), name of the tree ; 

(ioc.) of Kuttdlam, sacred place with three waterfalls in Tinne- 
vt.'lly district wiljh. climate and flora pertaining to a far 
higher elevation than its own 700 ft. (McL. 237) ; 

(Latin), thick and fleshy leaved ; 

(Latin), thick, something thicker in texture than usual ; 

Krataios (Greek), strong ; (all .) hardness and strength of the 
W';od (y. 1/39:0; 

(com.) Oratevas, Gieek botanist who lived in the time of Hippo- 
crates [See Hippocratu-aJ (N. 1/394); 

(Latin), gohlet shaped, concave, hemispherical, a little con- 
tracted at the case ; 

(Latin), croivded together ; 

(Latin), crenate, i e , with an intlented edge convex between the 

indentures ; 
(La.tin), with crenate leaves ; 
(Lati'"'), crenulate,.i.e., with a orenated edge the convex parts 

being again indented ; 
(Latin), shoe-like, crepida (Ltiti7i), a sandal: cniiously the 

(jl^reek word is differently accentuated Krepis (gen krepidos), 

a boot (N. 2/315 : Cass Lat. Die. : Gk. Lex.) ; 
(Latin), crackling ; 
(com.) I'ietro Cresen.zi, [pr : Pee-yay-tro Cresh-endz-ee] Italian 

writer ou agriculture in the I3th century (N. 1/395) ; 
(Ioc.) of Crete ; (all:) found in Crete, Island of the Mediter- 
ranean sea ; 
(Latin), chalky or ch'alk white, a very dull white with a little 

touch of grey ; 
(Ioc) pertaining to Crete; 



38 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



cri-ni'-ta ... 

cris-pa'-tum ... 
cris'pum 
cris-ta-gal'-li 
cris-ta'-ta 

cro'-ce-a ... 
Cro8-san'-dr;i 

Cros-sos-teph'-i-u m 

Crot-al-a'-ri-a 

Crot-on' 



crot-o'-nif-ol-i-a 
crum-e-na-ta 
crus-ta'-ce-a ... 
Cryp-toc-ar'y-a 

Cryp-tol'-ep-is 

Cryp-tom-er'-i-a 

Cryp-fcos-teg'-i-a 

Cu-be'-ba 
Cuc-ul-la'-tum 

Cud-ra -ni-Ia .. 

Cu-je'-te 
Ual-le'-n i-a 
Cum-in-gii 
cun-e -a' -ta 
cun-e-if-ol -i-a 

Cu'-ni-a 
Cnn-ning-ham-i-i 

Cu-pa'-ni-a 

ou-pa-ni-o-i'.des 

Cu'-phe-a 

cup-ie-a 

cu-pres-sif-or'-mis 

Cu-pres'-sus 

cu-pul • if -or ' -mis 

Cnr'-oas 
Cur-lis'-i-a 

cur-va'-ta 
curvif-lo'-ra ... 
cur-via-ei-'-via 



(^Latin), furnished, with tuft, or fringe, of long weak hair 

(N. 5/265); 
{Latin) , curled, or iiuely undulate, especially near the margin 
I (N. 5/267) ; 
(Latin), like a cock's ccmh ; 
{Latin), crested, with a ridge, tuft, or crest-like elevation on 

the surface (H.) ; 
{Latin), saffron yellow, orange coloured with a tinge of browu ; 
Krossos, aner (</. andres) {Greek), fringe, male ; {all:) ttnthers 

fringed (N. i'MOO) ; 
Krossos, stephion {Greek), fringe little u-reath; {all-.) much 

divided leaves crowded towards the ends of the branchlets ; 
Krotalon {Greek) a rattle ; {all :) seeds rattling in the hollow 

inflated pods, when mature (N. 1/401) ; 
Kroton {Greek), a tick ; {all -.) appearance of the seeds, usually 

wrongly pronounced witli the first long and second short 

botanically, that being the adopted English pronunciation ; 

(N. 1/402, 351) (See liliiforus) ; 
{Latin), ivith leaves like a croton ; 
{Latin), icith or in the form of a 'pouch. 

{Latin), crustaceous, hard, tliin, and brittle Iik« an egg shell; 
Kruptos, Karuon {Greek), hidden nut ; {all:) fruit included 

in the subglobose perianth tube ; 
Kruptos, lepis {Greek), hidden scale ; {all :) 5 scales within the 

calyx ; 
Kruptos, meri {Greek), hidden, part; {all:) structure of all 

parts of the flower are hidden (N. 1/403) ; 
Kriiptos, stege {Greek), hidden, roof ; {all :) scales in the throat 

of the corolla cover the anthers (N. 1/404) ; 
Kahdhak {Arabic), pepper, name of the plant (McL. 676) ; 

{Latin), hooded, i.e., when the sides or apex of an organ are cured 

inwards so as to resecnble a hood (N. 1/404) ; 
Cudrang {Malaya7i), name given to the green dye yielded by 

the tree (N. 1/272) ; 
{Tropical American), name of the tree (N. 1/395) ; 
(com.) Major-General Cullen, former Resident of Travancore ; 
{com.) of Cuming (N. 1/274); collector in Australia; 
{L-ititi), wedge shaped; 

{Latin), with wedge shaped leaves, broad towards the apex, 
acitte at the base ; 
, Khunra {Hindustani), name of the tree ; 

{com.) Allan and Kichard Cnnningham two celebrated botani- 
cal collectors, especially in Australia (N. 1/408) ; 
{com.) Father Francis Cupani [(pr :) Coo-par-neeJ Italian monk 
author of Hortns Catholicus, etc., died 1710 (N. 1/409) ; 
{Latin) like Gupania ; 
,. Kiiphos {Greek), curved ; {all :) (form of the capsule) (N. 
1/409) ; gibbous or spurred calyx (See Treas. Bot. 1/361) ; 
{Latin) copper red, brownish red with metallic lustre ; 
{Latin), resembling Cypress (Cupressus) ; 
{Latin), name of the tree used by Virgil from kuparissos 

{Greek) (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 
{LoMn), saucer shaped, slightly concave with a nearly entire 

maigin ; 
{Tropical Am.erican), name of the tree ; 
(com.) William Curtis, celebrated English botanist, who 

founded the Botanical Magazine iu,l785 (N. 1/412) ; 
{Latin), bent, so as to represent the arc of a circle; 
.. {Latin), with curved flouers ; 

... iiatin), curved ribbed, when the ribs of a leaf describe a curve, 
and meet at the point j 



rRONUNOlATION AND DERIVATION. 39 

CuB-cu'-t,a ... ... Etymolofiy very doubtful (N. 1 1 112) ; Kashus {Arabic), num 

of the plant (McL. ^04) ; 
cus-pid-a'-ta ... {Latin) cu.-ipidate, i.e., a leaf nuddcfily narrowed at tlio top and 

tli«n pn)duc<;d to a point (N. 1/41.3) ; 
Cy'-an-o-a ... ... \ (Ureek), Prui'iian blue, clear bright blue : between lci-':n.leux 

Cy'-an-oB ... ... 3 and indigoticiig]; 

cy'-i',n-08-per'ma ... Kuanos, sperma {(Jreok), steely bfitc, seed : 

Cy-ath-o'-a ... ... Kuathcion (Greek), little cup ; {all -.) cup-shaped involucres of 

the spores on the back of the found (N. I/^IO) : JMicholson 
jilaces the accent on the second syllable with the third short, 
but with his own derivation (diminutive) ; this is obviously 
incorrect, 
cy-ath-if-or'-iuis ... {Latin), cup shaped, siiuiiar to campanulate (q.v.), but with 

an erect Krnb ; 
Cy-ath-oc'-al-yx ... Kiinthos, kalux (Oreek), cup, calyoo ; (all :) sepals united into a 

3-1 o bed cup ; 
Cy-cad-a'-ce-a3 ... {Latin), Ferr i'alm, or Palur Fir {Gycas) , Family, or Order ; 

Cy'-cas Kilkas {Greek), a palm ; {all -.) resemblance of mode of tfrowth, 

(N. 1/416); 
Cy-elan-tha'-ce-ffl ... {Latin), Cyclanthus {ivom kuklos, amthos {Greek), circle, fewer ; 
{all:) spiral arrangement of flowers {S. 5/277) , Family, or 
Order ; 

Cy'-cle-a Kukleo {Greek), to move a thing round and round; {all.) 

tendency of all parts to wheel shape, male flowers, peltate 
leaves, horse shoe shaped endocarp of seed, etc. ; 
Cy-clo'-p-ia ... .^ KiVdops {Greek), Cyclop», i.e., round eye ; (all :) roundish mai k 

on the staudard (N. 5/277) ; 
Cy-clo-ste'-mon ... Kuklos, stemon {Greek) circle, stamen; {all.) the stamens, 

which are nniuerous, form a complete circle round the 
disk ; 

Cyd-o'-ni-a Kudonia {loc. and Greek) Cydonia, a city of Crete, island in 

the Mediterranean ; {all-.) the trees grew there in numbers, 
and perhaps the Greeks first, became acquainted with it 
there (N. 1/419) ; 
cyl-in'-dric-a ... {Latin), cylindrical ; 

Cyl-is'-ta Kv.lix {Greek), calyx; {all-.) large size of the ca,lyx (N". 1/419) ; 

Cym-bid-i-um ... Kumbidion {Greek), a little boat; {all.) hollow i-ecess in the 

lip of the flower (.V. 1/420) ; 
cym-bif-er-a ... ... (Lafin), boai ,s'//ajpe(i (literally, boat bearing) ; » 

cy-mo'-sa {Latin), having a branched centrifugal inflorescence, where the 

centre, usually topmost, tlower opens first (N, 1/421) ; 
Cyn-anoh'-um ... Kiion (gen, hlnos), ayicho {Greek), dog, to strangle ', {all -.) 

poisonous properties (N. l/4:il) ; 
cyn'-ar-o-i'-des ... (quasi-CrVeefc) resembliyig the Artichoke (Cynara [from Knn'drion 

{Greek) , puppy ; {all-.) the spines of the involucre like 
puppy's teeth]) (N. 1/421) ; 
Cyn-om-e'-tra ... Kiion (g. kiinoi), metra {Greek), dog's ivomb ; {all -.) shape and 

consistence of pods (N. 1/421) ; 
cyn-om-e'tro-i'-des ... {qa&^i-Greeki) resembling Gynometra ; 

Cy-phora-an'-dra ... Kuphoma, drier (g. audros), {Greek) a hump, male; {all-.) 
anthers form a hump (N. 1/422) ; 

Cyt'-is-us (Latin), word usecl by Virgil (Cass. Lat. Die.) [from Kidisos 

(Greek), a shrubby kind of Clover] (Gk. Lex); 

Dab-o-e'-ci-a ... ... (com.) St. Daboec' s Heath (Insli), name of the plant (N. 1/430) • 

Dac'-ca ... ... (loc.) Town in Bengal ; 

dac-tyl-if'-ei--a ... (Latin), date bearing; literally, finger bearing, dates being 

supposed to resemble short stubby finger; 
Dso-dal-ac-anth'-us ... (Latin, :from Greek), many coloured (literally, cunningly 

wrought) acanthus ; (all :) colouring and affinity (N. 5/29o) ; 

t)Ee-mi-a Dimia (Arabic) , na.m.e oi the plant (Njc. 1/430 ; McLi. 232) ; 

dee-mo'-na Ddimon (Greek), an evil spirit; (all-,) thorns; 



40 



PRONtTNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Dtffa-m o'-nor-ops 

Dal-ber'-gi-a ... 

dal-ber'-gi-6-i -des 
Dal-ech-am'-pi-a 

Dal-hou'-si-se... 

Dal-to'ni 

Dal-zell-i-a'-na 
Dal-zell-'-i-i .,, 
dam-as-ce'na 

Dam-nac-an'-thus 

Daph-niph-yl'-lum 
Dai''-win-i 

das-ye-an'-lon 
das-yph-yl'-la 
das-ys-sper'-ma 
Dat-is'-ca 



Dat-is-ca'-ce-ae 
Dat-u'-ra 
"Dav-al'-li-a 
dav-al'-h-o-i'-des 
de-al-ba'-ta .. 

Deb-re-ge-a -si-a 

dec'-a ... 

Dec-aisn'-e-a'-na 
Dec-aisn'-e-i ... 

Dec-al'-ep-is ... 

Dec-an'-drum 
Dec-as-chist'-i-a 



Dec-as-per-nmm 

dec-ca'-na 
dec-ca-nen'-se 

dec'-em 
de-cid'-il-uB ... 

de-cip'-i-ens . . . 
de-cli-ua'-tus ... 
de-com-pos'-it-a 

dec-um-a'-na ... 
de-cum'-bens 
de-CDi-'-rens ... 

de-oup-si'-ya ... 



Daimon, rhops {GreeTc), evil spirit, brushivood ; (all:) very 

tliorny climbers ; 
(com.) Nicholas Dalberg [(pr :). Ke. cole, arse Darl. bairg] 

Swedish botanist, 1720— IbSO (N. l/4::<7) ; 
{quasi- Greek), like Dalbergia ; 
{com.) Jacques Dalechamjp [(pr. :) Zharkcr. Dar-ler-sharng] 

French physician, botanist, and philologist, 1513 — 1588 

(N. 1/438) ; 
(com.) of Lady Dalhousie, wife of Earl Dalhoasie, Governor- 
General of India, 1848 -1856 ; 
{com.) of Genl. Dalton, Commissioner of Chota Nagpur, 

(His. 4/190) ; 
"! {com.) of N. A. Dalzell, w.a., f.k.s.e., collaborator (with 
J Gibson) of the Bombay flora, 1861 ; 

{loc.) of Damascus, capital of Syria, on the Eastern shore of 

the Mediterranean ISea ; 
damnum, acanthus {Latin), in;'iury, thorn ; {all :) the spinous 

nature of the plant ; 
{Greek), v:ith leaves like the Spurge Laurel (Daphne) ; 
{coon.) of Dr. Erasmus Darivin, F.K.8.. author of " Phytologia," 

1800; 
{Greek), thickly hairy stemmed ; 
(Greek), thickly hairy leaved ; 
(Greek), thickly hairy seeded ; 
. Datisko (Greek), I seem to break ux> ; (all ■) fragmentary 

appearance of the parts, stamens and sfcylei^ without 

perianth, persistent styles on capsules, and divided leav< s ; 
(Latin), Datisca Family or Older; 
Dhattura (Sanskrit) uslvuh of the plant (McL. 261) ; 
(com.) -B. Davall [(pr. :) Dar-varl] Swiss Botanist (N. 1/445) ; 
(quasi-trVee/c), resembling Davallia ; 
(Latin), lohitened, slightly covered with white on a darker 

ground ; 
(com.), Debregeas [(pr. :) Der-bray-zbar] ; French botanist, 

friend of Gaudichand ; 
(Greek), ten; 
^{com.) of Joseph Decaisne [(pr. :) Zho-zefE Der-cain] French 
J botanist, 18u7 — 1882 for a long time Director of the Paris 

Jarriin des Plantos (N, 1/449) ; 
deka, lepis (Greek), ten, scale ; (all :) Five stamina! filaments 

with coroual scales at the base and glands between them ; 
deka, aner (g. andros) (Greek), ten, Male, i.e., ten stamened ; 

. deka, schistos (Greek), ten, divided -. (all -.) capsule 10-valved 
ovarj' JO-celled, style 10-branched, and bracteoles 10 
(N. 5/306) ; 
(Greek), ten seeded ; 
f(loc.) of the Deccan conntry, or the dry districts (1) of Bombay 
. J Presidency from Khandi-sh southwards, (2) of Hyderabad, 
. [ and (3) of Madras Presidency, Kurnool, Bellary, Anantapur 
(^ and Cuddapah districts. 
(Latin), ten ; 
(Latin), deciduous, finally falling off ; Nicholson shows the 

first syllable short which is wrong ; 
(Latin), deceptive ; 
(Latin), dejiexed, bent down under; 

(Latin), deoompound^ having various comjDound divisions or 
ramifications ; 
„ (Latin), very large ; 

(Latin), decumbent, lying on the ground (N. 1/449); 
(Latin), running doivn, as the rjase of the blade of a leaf along 

its stalk (N. 1/449) ; 
(Latin), running along j 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



41 



de-cnr'-va 
de-cns-oa'-tas 



Decr-ing'-i-a ... 
de-tic-i-t'Ds ... 
de-flox'-u3 
dc'-lic-i-o'-sa ... 
Do-li -ma 

del-to-i -de-a ... 
Den-drob'-i-um 

Don-droc-al'-am-us 

den-sif-lo'-ra .. 

deu-sif-ol'-i-a 

den-ta'-ita 



den-tic-nl-a'-ta 

de-nu-da'-ta ... 
De-o-da'-ra ... 
dep-ar'-i-6-i'-des 

de-pau-per-a'-tus 

dc-pen'-dens ... 
do-pres'-sa 



Uer'-ris 

des-cen'-dens... 
Des-mod -i-um 

Deut -zi-a 

dex-tror'-sum 

di 

Di-a'-li-nm 

di-an'-drum ... 
Dich-op'-sis ... 

dich-ot'-om-us 

Dich-ro'-8tach-ys 

Dick-so'-ni-a ... 

Dick-so'-i.i 
Dick-8o'ni-i ... 

Dic'-ty-os-per'-ma 

did'.ym-am 
Dief-fea-bach'-i-a 

Di-er-vil'-la ... 

Dif-fu'-sum ... 



(Latiyi), bent downivard (H.) ; 

(Latin), decussate, arranged in pairs that alernately crosa 

each other ; of leaves, pairs that alternately at right angles 

to each other up the a.xis ; 
(com.) Deeriuij, botanist of Mew Holland ; 
(Latin), some organ, or part of an organ, deficient; 
(Latin), dejlexed, bent downward-* ; 
(Latin), delicious, fruited; 
deltvio (Latin), to file down ; (all :) roughness of the leaves, 

waich are used for polishing (N. 1/4^9) ; 
(Greek), triangular in outline, usually with rounded angles ; 
dendron, bion (Greek), tree, living; (all.) epiphytic habit 

(N. 1/451); 
dendron, kalamos (Greek;, tree, reed; (all-.) large size of this 

grass ; 
(Latin), densely flowered ; 
(Latin), densely leaved ; 
(Latin), toothed, or furnished with projecting points on the 

margin, which is inoro or less cuncave between those 

points ; 
(Latin), denticulate, or a dentate margin with the interspaces 

between the teeth furnished with suialler teeth; 
(Latin), become bare, stripped of hair or other appendages; 
devaddru (Sanskrit), sacred tree ; 
(quasi-6/ree/t), resembling the Deparia Fern of Australia [from 

de pds (Greek) goblet; (all.) cup like involucres (N. 1/459)] ; 
•{Latin), starved, when some pure is less perfectly developea 

than is usual witn plants of the same family ; 
(Latin), hanging dov:n hy its own weight; 
(Latin), fattened vertically, or, of size, broad and dwarf, as 

if, instead oi growing perpendicularly, the growth had taken 

place h .rizontaliy ; 
(Greek), a leather covering ; (all :) coriaceous pods; 
(Latin), having a direction generally downwards; 
desmodion (Greek), little bond; (all -.) jointed pods, and 

conneC'ed stamens (S. 1/45'J) ; 
(com.) Johann Deutz. lCp'"- Yo- harn. Doitz' Dutch naturalist, 

friend and patron oi Thuuberg (X. 1/4G0) ; 
(Lutin). right handed, twisting from left to right in the direc- 
tion of the sun'.s course ; 
(Greek), twofold ; 
Didlis (Latin), belonging to Jupiter ; (aW:) noble appearances 

of the trees ; 
(Greek), having two stamens (N. 1/461) ; 
Dichd, opsis (Greek), in tico, resemblance ; (all-.) calvx lobes in 

two series aad another 52 lobed at apex (N. l SilU) ; 
dichotomeo (Greek), to cut in two, i.e., continuously dividing into 

two verifications (N. 1467) ; 
dis, chros, stdchus (Greek), double, colour, spike ; (all -.) inflores- 
cence being half pink, half yellow, (N". 1,467) ; 
(com.) James Dickion, famous British Cryptogamic Botanist 

(N. 1/467); 
(com..) of James Dickson ; 
(com.) of Dr. Dickson, burgeon of Bedauore in Malabar, who 

reported the Pinanga of his name, to Roxburgh (Kac. 3/617 

(crbl. 727); 
diktJ.on, Sperma (Qreek), net, seed ; (all-.) raphe of seed forma 

a loo>e net-work (N. 1,470) ; 
(Greek), tvcm or double ; 
(com.) Dr. Dieffenbach [(pr:) Deef-en-bark] German botanist 

(X. 1/472) ; 
(com.) M. Dierville [(pr.) Dee-air-veeL] French Surgeon 

(N. 1/475) ; 
(Latin), xmdely spreading (H.) j 



4^ PRONUNCIATION AND DEfelVATION. 

dig-it-a'-lif-or'-mis ... (Latin), fox-glove shaped, resembling iiampanulate (q.v.), but 

longer, and oblique or irregular ; 
dio'-it-a'-ta ... ... {Latin}, Jingered shaped like the open hand ; of leaves when 

several distinct leaflets radiate from the point of a leaf stalk 

(N. 9/476) ; similar to ^aimate ^.q.v.j, but the segments less 

spreading and narrower ; 
dig-it-a'-to-pin-na'ta.,. (Latin), when the secondary rachides, on the aides of which 

leaflets are attached, part from the summit of a common 

rachis ; 
dif'-yn-a ,.. ... (Greek), having two separate styles or carpels (H.) ; 

Dil-le'-ni-a ... ... (<om.) Johann Jakoh Dillen \_(pr :) Yo-harn yar-kobe-Deel- 

Ittin] alias Dillenius, 1087 — 174-7, born at Darmstadt, Professor 

of Botany at Oxford and author of several botanical works 

(X./476, Enc. Brit.) ; 
Eil-le'-ni-a'-ce-ie ... (Latin), Dillenia Family, or Order ; 
Dil-le'-ni-i' ... ... (com.) of J. J. Dillenius ; 

di-mid-i-a'-ta ... ... (Latin), divided into unequal halves (N. 1/477) , each that one 

half 18 nearly wanting ; 
Dim-orpli-oc'-al-yx ... di, morphe, kalux (Oreek) two, orm, calyx; (all:) caly-^c in the 

male capular, 5-partitilobed or toothed, in the female of 5 

distinct sepals enlarging greatly in fruit ; 
dim-oiph'-oc-ar'-pa ... (Greek), having two forms of fruit ; 
di-oi'-ca ... ... (GreeTc), dicecious {frotn di, oikos (Greek) two, house; i.e., male 

flowers on one tree, female on another] ; 
Di-os-cor'-e-a ... (com.) Dioscorides, native of Anazauba in Cihcia, lived in the 

time of Nero (37-68 A.D.). Wrote a book on medicinal herbs 

which was the foundation of all botanical knowledge till 

recent times (N. 1/47S) ; 
Di-OR-cor'-e-a'-ce-ae ... f Latin), Tarn (Dioscorea) Family or Order; 
Di-os'-pyr-u8 ... (Latin), name used for the tree by Pliny, [romdiospiiron (Greek), 

used by Thephraslns (N. 9/352) ; 
Di-o'-tac-au'-thns ... di, ous (g. otos), akanthos (Greek), two, ear, acanthus; (all:) 

large ventricose two lipped corolla limb ; 
diph-yl'-la ... ... (Greek), with two leaves; 

IJip-loc-en'-trum ... diplos, kentron (Greek), double, spur ; (all .) lip of the orchid 

fiowei with 2 spurs ; 
Dip-los'-por-a ... diplo, spora (Greek), to hend double, seed ; (all:) seeds in each 

ceil densely packed, and, being thin, by their imbrication are 

bent between one another ; 
dip-los-te'— mon .. (Greek), having twice as many stamens as petals or sepals 

(N. 'J/82) ; 
Dip-ter-oc-ar-pa'-ce-tc. (Latin), Dipterocarp Family or Order ; 
Dip-ter-oc-ar'-pug ... di, pterux, karpos (Greek), two, winged fruit ; (all :) the nuts 

are either two winged, or have 2 of the 3 or 5 wings larger; 
dis-co-i-da'-lis ... (Latin), discoidal, when there is a single large spot of colour 

in the centre of some other colour; 
dis-co-i'-de-a ... ... (Latin), orbicular, with some perceptible thickness, and a 

rounded border ; 
dis'-col-or ... ... (Latin), of two, or more, different colours ; 

dis-sec-tum ... ... (Latin), cut into many deep lobes (W. d/iSS) , 

dis'-tach-ya (Greek), icith two spikes ; 

dis'-tans ... ... (Latin), distant, remote? irom one B^nother ; 

dis'-tich-a ... ... (Greek), bifarious, arranged in two opposite vertical rows (H) ; 

dis-tine'-tus ... ... (Laiin), .separaie, when there is no cohesion between the parts ; 

dis-ty'-la ,., ... dis, stulos (Greej^, two, style ; the second syllable is long, not 

short as marked by Nicholson ; 
di-va-ric-a'-ta ... (Latin), spreading widely apart (H.) ; ■■straggling, turning off 

froic anything irregularly, but almost at a right angle ; 
di-ver'-gens ... ... (Latin), inclined av:ay from each other (H.) spreading 

outwards from the centre (N. IjiSo) ; 
di-ver'-sif-ol'-i-a ... (Latin), having two or more types of leaves ; 

Do-be-ra (J.rttbic), name of the plant ; 

do'-deo-a (Gwefe), twelve ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



43 



Do-(lon-(r-a ... 

dol-a'-brif-or'-mis 

Dol'-ioh-an •(] ro'-ii n 
.Dol'-ich-os 
Dom-bey'-a ... 

dom-es'-tic-a .. 

Dom-in-i-a'-na 

Dor-l'-tis 



dor-sn'-lif! 
Doug-las'i-i 

Drac-cO-na' 

diao'-o 
Dre'-go-a 



duV)'-l-a 

dal'-ois 

du-mp-to'-rum 

du-mo'-snm ... 

Dun-ba'-ri-a ... 

du-o 

da-o'-dec-im ... 

Dupeu'-i 

dup-lex' 

dup-lic-a'-tus... 

Du-ran'-ta 

]lu'-ri-o 
dys-oph-yl'-lo-i'-des. 



Dys-ox'-yl-nm 

Eb-enacese 
eb'-en-us 
eb-or-i'-na 
eb-ur'-ne-a 
Ec-bol'-i-nm ... 

Ec'-crem-oc-a r' -pus 

ech-i-na'ta 

ech-i'noc-ar'-pa 

ech*i'noc'-al-yx 

Eck-hardt-e-i 



(com.) Remhert Dodoens aliaa DcioncEws, author of " Historia 

Plantoi-uni " (Cli : N. 4/:i48) ; and " Florum et coronararium 

historia" Antwerp, 151)8. 
doldbra, forma {Latin), axe shape, nearly st.raight, somewhat 

terete at the base, compreSHod towards the upper eri'l, one 

border tliick and straight, the other onhirged, thin and convex; 
doHclioa, undion iGreak), long, males' comparfnent; {all:) 

elongated anther cellfi ; 
(Qieek), long; {all-.) length of sterns of some specie?, which 

clinil) to the top of the loftie.st trees (N. 1/486). 
(com.) Joseph Dombey, French botanist of 18th century, com- 
panion of llbiz and I'avoii in Peru and Chili (N. 2/486); 
(Latia), used for domestic purposes ; chiefly to be eaten ; 
{ci^m.) of Dominy after whoin Messrs. Veitch & Co., named 

a hybrid Fuchsia (N. 2/32) ; 
aoru, eita (Greek), spear, like as ; (all :) 3-awned plate on the 

disk of tne lip, ana the column narrowly winged forming a 

spurlike mentum with the side lobes of the lip of this orchis 

giving an idea of a spear; 
(Latin), dorsal, fixed upon the back of anything; 
(cow.) of David Douglas, Botanist and Collector in north. west 

America, died in the Sandwhich Islandis, 1836 N. 1/488); 
Drokaina (Greek), female dragon ; (all :) juice which when 

ins]))8sated, becomes a powder like dragon's blood (N. 1/489) ; 
Vrakon (Greek), viale dragon ; (all :) as in Dracaana ; 
(com.) M. J. F. Drege, \(pr- ■■) Draitzhe.] French collector of 

South African plants, on which in 1836, Professor K. Mayer 

of Konigsburg in Prussia, prepared a commentary ; 
(Latin), doubtful of identity ; 
(Latin), siceet ; 

(Latin), of thorn husfies, I.e., one of them ; 
(La'i7i), covered uith thorny hushes, i.e., one of th6m ; 
(com.) Professor George Dunbar, ol Edinburgh (Ch.) ; 
(Latin and Greek), two ; in Greeij composition, di-(q.v.) ; 
(Latin), twelve ; 

(com.) Dupenof Palghat, Malabar; 
(Latin) (g. duplicis), double ; 
(Latin), groviny in pairs ; 
(com.) Castor DurriTi/es [(pr. :) Doo : rarn-taiz.] Physician and 

botanist, died 1590 (N. 1/496) ; 
Dtcrian {malayan), names of the tree; 
(quasi Gr^ek) like. Dysophyllum [from dus-phyllon (Greek), 

bad (prefix), leaf ; (all:) odour which is pnng. nt and pepper 

mint-like (X. 1/332) J; 
dus-tii.lon (Greek), bad (prefix) v:ood ; (all :) odour, which is 

of garlic ; 

(Latir,), Ebomi Dios pyros Family, or Order; 

Ebenos (Greek), name of the tree, ebony, and used by Viagil ; 

(Latin)^ ivory-u hite, cream uhite, white with a little, or without, 

lustre Vt'rginj to yellow ; 
Ekboli^s {Greek), thrown out ; (all:) long filiform corolla tube 

making the flower project ; 
Ekkremes, kaipos (Greek) suspended, fruit ; (all:) long stalked 

pendant capsules (N. 1/498) ; 
(Latin from Greek), Echinate, hedge hog-ltke furnished with 

ntimerous rigid hairs and straight pickles; 
Echhios, karpos (Greek), hedgehog, frmt ; (all:) fruit covered 

with loufi pickles ; 
Echinos, calyx- (Greek), hedgehog, calyx ; (all :) calyx covered 

with pickles ; 
(class.) of Eck-liardt, a legendary old man of Germany, who 

appears with a white staff on Maundy Thursday to warn 

and save people from HoUe'e furious host ; 



44 



tfeONUNCUTION AND DERIVATION. 



ed-u'l^ 
£g-lan-io'-ri-a 

th-re'-ti-a 

El-ae-ag-na'-ce-iB 
Ei-as-a^'-nus 



ElcB-JS 

El-Ee-oc-ai'-pus 

El-Be-od-en'dron 

el-ai-os 

el-as'-tic-us ... 

e-la'-tus 
e-leg-ans 

e-leg-an-tis'- sim-a 
el-en'-gi 
el-eph-an-ti'-na 
el-eph-an-tum 
El-let-ia' ri-a 
el-ewther-an'-dra 

El-ler-to'-ui-a 

El-li-ot'-ti-i ... 
El-lip-anth'-us 

el-lip-so-i'-de-a 

ei-lip'-tic-a ... 

e-long-a-ta ... 

e-mar-gin-a'-ta 

Em-be'-li-a ... 

Em-blic-a 

Em-both-ri-uiii 

em-bry-op'-ter-ia 

em-et'-ic-a 

en -aec-a 

e-ner -vis 

en'-ne-a 

En-se-te 

en-sif-ol'-i-a 

£a'-ta'-da ... 



En'-tev-ol-ob'-i-um 

Ep-id-eu'-drum 

ep-ig-se-us ... 
Ep-ig'-yn-Tiin 

ep-ig'-yn-us 



(Latin), edible ; 
. Eglantine {French) [from aculeatus (Latin), -prickly], name of 

the plant (X. l/ci20 ; A'ut:) ; 
{com.) G. D. Ehret, [(pr. :) Ay-rait] born in Germany, oied in 

England, 1703 — L770, artist and botanist (N. 1, aU5y ; 
{Latin), Oleaster {Elaeagus) Familn, oy Order; 
Eiaios, agnos {Greek), wild olive, Vitex Agnus-castus ; [all :) 

similarity of fruit to thu olive and of wiiiteness of leaves 

uncierueacli to the Vitex : nsed by 'iheophrastiis for the 

AV'illow (N. 1/-565) ; 
hlaia {Greek), true olive ; {all :) oil expressed from the nut 

resembles Olive oil, (N. 1/50(5) ; 
Eiaios, karjpos {Greek), ivtld olive, fruit ; {all :) similarity in the 

round iruit containing a nnt with rugosities {S. 1/506) ; 
Eiaios, den iron {Greek), wild olive tree; {all:) similarity of fruit 

and oiliuets of seeds (N. 1/506) ; 
{Greek), of an olive tree ; or olive green, a mixture of green and 

brown, same as ollvacens (q.v.) ; 
{Latin), elastic, er reseinbling india rubber in consistence 

appearance or touch ; 
{Lat^n), very tall; 
(^Latin), elegant ; 
{Latin), very elegant ; 
tlannyi {Malayalam), name of the tree ; 
{Latin), Elephantine, coarse; 
{Latin), appertaimng to, or eaten by, elephants; 
eiaUdr^ {Malayulatn), name of !.he pianii {H. 1/506); 
Elenthe ros , dnrr (g. andros) {Greek), free males ; {all :) stamens 

free ; 
{com.) J- Ellerton Stocks, Bombav Medical Establishment, 

(Ch.); 
{co-in.) Sit If . Elliot, author of Flora andhrica ; 
kllipt:s,antiios {Greek), defective, Jiower ; {ull:) flowers often 

polygamous, thougn in the order usually bisexual ; 
{Greek), with an eiiptical figni-e ; 
(^Latiji), Elliptic ; 
{Latin), mucli lengthened (11.) ; 
[Latin), distinctly notched at the tip 
{Singhalese), name of the plant (&icL. Ill) ; 

Amlikd (Sanskrit), sour ; (all:) juice of the iruit (McL. 923) j 
En, bothrioi ((ireek). tn, Itttie pit ; {all :) anthers (N. 1/507) ; 
E'inbriLon, pteruji {Greek), embryo, wing ; 
Ematikus (Greek), provokir.g sickness (Gk. Lex); 
(Greek,, eleven, correctly wriiten Lendeka; 
(Latin), veiniess, when there are no ribs or veins in leaf ; 
(fireek, nine ; 

(Abyssinian), name of the plant (N. 2/392) ; 
{^Latin), with sword shaped leaves, str-\ighf, long, flat, acute 

at the point ; 
Entatia (Aisgolese), name of the plant in Central Africa (»liver) ; 

Kicholson says, however, that it is the Malabar name, and 

Hosburgh gives Van_ Jihesdis nami; as Entada ; the nearest 
•approach to this is Anuttata {Elephant hindrance), when the 

accent should be on the hrst sellable (En'-tad-a) ; 
Entira, lobion (Gret.k), entrails, pod ; {all.) fleshy material 

inside the fruit ; ^ 

Epi, dendron, (Greek), on, tree; (all:) epiphyte on trees (N. 

1/512) ; 
(Greek), egipous, growing close upon the earth; 
Epi, gune (Greek), on female ; {all :) anthers around the stio-ma 

hardly adhering, whilst generally in this order they do 

adhere ; 
(Greek), growing upon the summit of the ovary; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



45 



Ep-iph-yl'-lum 

Ep-ip-rem'-num 

e-pnnct-a'-ta ... 
eq-uiH-o'-tif-ol'-i-a 

eq'-uit aiis 

E-rajitli'-euQ-um 



erec'«tu8 
Er-i-a ... 



er-i-an'-tha 
Er-i'-ca 



Er i-ca'-ce-se ... 
er-i-co-i'-des ... 
Er-i'-noc-ar'.pu8 

Er'.i ob-ot'-ry-a 

er'T-oc-ar'-pum 
er-i-oc- eph- al-ne 
Er'-l-od -e n' -dron 

Er'-i-og-lo'-s8um 

Br'-i-ol-se'-na 

er'i-op-et'-al-a 

Er-i-os-te-mon 

e-ro'-sa 
er-ob-es'-cens 
Er-yc'»ib e 
Er-yth-ri'-na 

er-yf.h'-roc-ar'-pa 
Er-yth-rop'-al-um 

Er-yth-rox'-yl-OD 

Es-cal-lo'-ni-a 

es-cul-en'-ta 

eu-a-la'-ta 

Eu-cal-yp'-tus 



Ea-ge'-ni-a ... 

eu-ge'-ni-o-i'-des 

Eu-o'-nym-ns 



Eu-phor'-bi-a 



Epi, phv.llon {Greek), on, leaf ; (all :) flowers arifle from flat 

leaf-like branchoB (N. 1/.51.5); 
Epi fremnori, {Greek), on, trunk ; {all -. ) plants root on the 

trunks of troea (N. 1/.517) ; 
{Latin), v;ithout 'points, or gbxndnlai-, often translncent, dots ; 
{Latin), icith leavs lik^ Horxe tail plant (Equiaetam, [from 

eqiius, seta {Latin) home, stiff hdr])-, 
{Latin), equitant, when conduplicate parts overlap each other 

parallelly and entirely without any involution ; 
trdo, athemon {Gretk), I long for, jloirer ; {all :) beanty of 
the blossoms (N. 1/518) ; er, anthman {Gretk), Fipriny 
time flower, the time of flowering being January, February, 
and March (Br. '7.3); the latter seeins more correct, other- 
wise the first syllable would be bhort, and not long, as 
marked by Nichol.'^on ; 
(Latin), upright ; 

^rion {Greek), wool ; (all : ) downiness of the leaves of gome 
species (N. ] /GIS) ; the flowers are woolly, not the leaves, as 
suggested by Nicholson ; 
{Greek), loooUy fovered ; 

(Latin), name for the plant used by PHny. from ereike, 
(Greek), name used by Theophrastus (N. 1/519) ; second 
syllable often wrongly pronounced short (N. 4/352) ; 
(Latin), Heath (erica'^ family or Ordpt ; 
(Greek), resemiling Heath Cerica) ; 
Ertnos, karpos (Greek), hedrfehcg, Jruit; (all:) spinous nuts, 

(Ch.); 
Erionbotrus (Greek), nool, hunch of <jroges; (all:) woolline.ss 

of the plant with fmit in thyrsoid panicles ; 
(Greek), vjoolly fr^iited ; 
(Greek), v;ith a voolly head of dowers ; 
ErTon, dind'on (Greek), viool, tree; (all:) silk coiton in the 

capsule (N. 1/.527) ; 
Erion. glossa (Greek), wool, tongue ; (all,:) hairy hooded scale 

on the petals ; 
erion, laina (Greek), vool, gauze ; (all :) woolly bracteoles 
(Greek), woolly petalled ; 
Erion, s'e^non (Greek), wool stamen ; (all .) stamens woolly ; 

(N.1/528) ; 
(Latin), erase, as if nibbled at the tip ; 
(Latin), growing reddi-^h. blueish ; 

oiiJio (Greek), to hinder ; (all :) propp'ties as a climber; 
Eri^.thros, eindi (Greek), red, to be ; (all :) colour of the flowers, 

(N. 1/53); 
(Greek), red fruited ; 
eruthros, -pdlin (Greek), reddish lA the back; (jU :) ultimately 

reflexed epicaro. or calyx, of the fiuif"' ; 
erv.thros, xii.lon (Greek), reddish, uood ; (aii :) wood a reddish 

brown (N. l/S.-^S) ; 
(com.) Escallon, Spanish trav--ller in S. America, found the 

first species of this genus (N. 1/5.33). 
(Latin), fit for food ; 

(hybrid), Eu (Greek), alata (Latin) well winged ; 
Ell, kalupto (Ureek), well, to cover as tvith a lid ; (all :) calyx 
limb, covering the flower before expansion, afterwaids falls 
off in one piece (X. 1/535) ; 
(co^m.) Prince Eunene of Savoy, patrfin of Botany (N. l/5;-(8) ; 
(quasi- GreeA:), resembling Eugenia ; 

Euonumos (Greek), lucky : name nsed by Theophi-astos 
(N. 1/529, 3u2); second syllable is long, and has notldng . 
to do with the Greek word for name (onoma) ; 
(co-m..) Ewphorbus, physician to king Juba of Maritania j name 
nsed in Greek by Dioscoridcs and in Latin by Pliny 
(N. 1/540) ; 



46 PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 

Eu-pliov'-bi-a'-ce-09 .. (Latin), Sfv/rge (Euphorbia) Family, or Order ; 

eu-ro-pss'-us ... ... (loc.) pertaining to Europe -^ 

Eu'-ry-a ... ... Eurits [Greeks, large ; (all: ) wrongly, to the flower.s which are 

comparatively small (N. 1/512) ; 

Eu-ter'-p9 ... ... Euterpe (GreeTc find clas.), well pleasing, one of ilae nine M-Usea, 

that of harmony ; (all : ) grraceful and harmonious appear- 
ance of the palra (N. 1/543) ; 

e-vec'-ta ... ... (Latin), carried away, or lifted up ; 

Ev-o'-di'-a ... ... Euddes (Greeh), sweet scented ; (all-.) flower.?; 

e-vol-ii'-ti-or ... ... (Latin), more rolled hsiC^; 

e-vol-vul-o-i-des ... (qnasi-Greeh) , resembling Evolvulus [from evolvo (Latin) to 

roll outwards ; (all -.) in contradistinction to Convolvulus] ; 

ex-al-ta'-ta ... ... (Latin), somewhat tall, or comparatively tall; 

ex-as-per-a'-ta ... (Latin), rough, covered with hard short points, or very short 

stiff rigid hairs ; 
Ex-coe-ca'-ri-a ... exccvco (Latin), to make blind ; (all :) juice, if it gets into the 

eyes (X. 1/3.59) ; 
ex-cel'-sa .. ... (Latin) , lofty ; 

ex-cur'-rens ... ... (Latin), ex current, when the axis projects from the other 

parts, or remains always in the centre with the other parts 

rec;ularly disposed round it ; 
ex-ig'-u-a ... ... (Latin), small, as compared with other larger things, but well 

proportioned in all its parts ; 
ex-i'-li.s ... ... (Latin), tender, or meagre ; 

Ex-o-cir'-pus ... Exo, karpos (Greece) outdde, frwit; (all:) frnit '^resting or 

enlarged pedicel (N. 5/.^.59) ; 
ex-o'-tio-a ... ... (Greek), exotic, inti-oduced from another country (H.) ; 

ex-ser'-ta ... ... (Latin), projecting outwards, such as stamens beyond the 

corolla (HO ; 
ex ten'-sum ... ... (Latin), stretched out : 

ex-tror'-sus ... ... (Latin), turned outwards, or away from the axis to which ir 

pertaina ; 

Fa-ga'-ce-ffi ... ... (Latin), Beech (Fagus) Family, or Order; 

fa-gif-ol'-i-a ... ... (Latin), with leaves like the Beech; 

fa-gin'-e a ... ... (Latin) , pert-.iining to, or like, the Beech ; 

Pa-go'-ni-a ... ... (com^ i'afjron- : [iir. Far-gorng.], Freiich Botanist ; 

Fag-nie'-a ... ... {com.) Jonas Theodors Fagrjeus, 1729 — 1797, physician and 

botanist (N. 2/1) ; 
Fa'-gus ... ... (Latin) name of the tree used bv Caesar. Virgil aad other Latin 

' authors (N. 3/2) ; 
fal-ca'-tus ... ... (Lati)i), siclcle-shaped, curved like a crescent moon, but not 

tapering at end, with ^larallel edges and plane ; 
Fal-con-e'-ri .. ,.. (com.) of Dr. Falconar, Superintendent of the Calcutta Bota- 

nical Garden, 1852 ; 
far-i'-na'-ce-a... ... (Latin), mealy, having the texture of flour ; 

far-i-nil'-er-a ... (Latin) , ttarch producing ; 

far-i'-no'-sa ... ... (Latin), mealy, covered with a sort of white scurfy substance ; 

Far-ne'-si-a'-na ... (com,) of Farnese, a noble Italian house, to which belyntjed one 

of the Popes, a queen and several of the princess of Parma ; 
fas-ci-a-ri-us ... ... (Latin), band-shaped, narrow, very long, with the two opposite 

margins parallel ; 
fas-ci-a'-tnm ... ... (Latin), fasciate, or handed, several stems fused in one plane, 

flattened, and expanded by monstrous growth (H.) or, when 

there are transverse bands of one colour ciossing another 

colour; 
fas'-cic-ul-a'-ta ... (Latin), fascicled, in bundles, several stalks (of leaves or 

flowers) arising from the same spot ; 
fas-ti -gi-a'-ta ... (Laftw), /asiignaie, clustered together, pointinu upwards, more 

or less parallel, and tapering to a point (X.2/3 : II.); 
fas-tu-o-'sa ... ... (Latin), haughty, prickly stalked ; 

Vat'-ii-a ... .. (Japanese), name of the plant (N. 2/3) ; 

fa'-vo'-sa ... ... (Latin), honey combed, sunxe as alveolate (q.\.) ; 

feb-rif-ug'a ... ... (^Latin) , fever curing 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



47 



fcn-08-t.i\i tnm 
Kor-gns-ao'-ni 
Fe-ro-iiT-a 



fer-ox' 
fer'-re-a 

fer-rug-in'-e-us 

fi-bro'-sus 

fi-cif-or'-mis ... 
fi-oul'-ne-us .. 

Fi -CU8 

fi'-lam-en-to'-sa 
fil-ic'-if-oV-i-a 
Fil-ic'-i-um ... 

fi-lif'-er-a 

fi-lif-oi"'mi8 

fi'-lip-es 

fil-ix-fte'-min-a 

fil'-ix-mas' ... . 

fim-bri-a'-ta 

fis'-STim 

Fis-tul-a 
fla-bel'-lif-er ... 

fla-bel'-lif-or'-mis 
flac'-cid-um ... 
Fla-cour'-Li-a 

Flag-el-la'-ri-a 

Flag-el-]a'-ri-a-ce.0e 
flag-el-la'-ris... 
flag-el'-lif-or'-mis 
flam'me-a 

flara'-mul-a ... 
fla'-va 
fla-ves'cers 
fla-vo'-virens 



Flem-ingf'-i-a ,,. 

fle-x'il-is 
flex-u-'o-sa 

floc-co'-sa 

flo'-ra-lis 
flo-re-ple'-no 

flo'-rib-un'-da 
flo-rid-a 



(Lathi), ivindoved, with holes and openin^g in thp sui-faco ; 
(com.) of W. Fergusson, authoi- of List of Coylon Timbor trees ; 
{clas) Feronia, fjoddpss of the woods and g'roves, cnnneo.ted 
w\t\\ ferdlis (Latin), relatimj to the dead ; (all.) possibly, to 
it being planted near burning and burial grounds (N 2/1: 
Cass. Lat, Dip.); 
(Latin), terrible, ususAly implying full of thornB, or •very poison- 
ous ; 
{Latin), of iron, steely, either in oonfistence or colour ; if the 
latter, pnssing froiu purple, sometimos with a tinge of brown 
to deep blue, and with a metallic lustre ; 
(Latin), rustij coloured, dull light reddish brown (lighter than 

rubiijino.'iu.'^) ; 
(Latin), fibrous, containing a large proportion of loose woody 

fibres ; 
(Latin), fig .ihaped ; 
(Latin), belonging, to or resembling, the Fig tree; 

. (Latin), old name need by Horace, Cicero, and others (N. 2/11 
Cass. Lat. Die) ; 
(Latin), with fibre-like threads (H.) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like a fern ; 
. Filix (Latin)^ a fern ; 'all :) the pinnated leaves with winged 
rachis ; 
(Latin), thread hearing; 
. filum, forma (Latin), thread, Wkeness ; slender like a thread ; 
. . (Latin), thread footed, very thinly stalked; 

(Latin) , female fern ; 
„ (Latin), m,ale fern ; 

(Latin), fringed, with a border of thread-like processes, tbickev 

than hairs, see ciliate (H.) ; 
(Latin), split up ; divided nearly to the bnse into a determinate 

number of segments ; 
(Latin), a pipe, or tube ; 

... fidbellum [Aiminutiye off ab rum (Latin) breeze], fero (Latin), 
fan, to bear ; 
(Latin), fan shaped ; 

(Latin), limp, wanting in stiffness (H.) ; 
.. (cow.) Etienne de Flacourt [(pr :) Ay-tee-yender Flar-coorj 
1607 — 16G1, Director of French East India Company (N. 2/7) ; 
,. (Latin), fiagellum, whip thong; (all-.) elongated stem and 
lanceolate leaves endintr in spiral tendrils ; 
(Latin), Flagellaria Family, or Order; 
.. \ (Latin), whip.like, long and taj'ering like a whip thono- 
..] (N. 2/17); 

.. . (Latin) , flame coloured, scarlet pa-sing almost to orange, brio-ht 
and clear [same as ignea^ ; 
(Latin), little Jiame; 
... ("(Latin), jjaZe ■yeZZou'. between gamboge find lemon yellow, pure 
... L but without brightness ; canary-yellnv : 

.. (Latin), yelloimsh-green ; when slifrhtlv tinted yellow, pea. 
green, when light generally, but dull, sap green; when much 
stained with yellow, and a dull, dead colour, mo.ts-green ; 
(com.) Dr. John Fleming ; l^otanist and Physician General of 

Bengal (Ch.) ; 
(//ttfin), flexible ; 
... (Latin), twisting .about; gently bending alternately inwards 

and outwards ; 
... (Latin), Hoccose, covered with close woolly hairs, which fall 
away in little t,ufts (N. 2/17) ; 
(Latin), floral, of, or belonging: to. the flower ; 
(Latin), double flowered, petals multiplied so as to fill up the 
whole flower ; 
... (Latin), bundle flowered (1^,4/21.5); 
(Latin), rich in floivers ; 



48 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



flos'-regi'-nse ... 

Flueg-ge-a 

foet'-tid-a 

fol-i-a-'ce-a 

fol-i-a'-ris 

fol-i-ol-o'-sa ... 

fol-i-o'-sa 

foT-mo'-sa 

Fors'ter-i-a'-na 

For-tu'-ne-a'-na 

F ir-tia'-ne-i ... 

frag'-il-is 

fra'-graus 

fra-gran-tis'-sim-a 

Fra'-ser-i 

frax-in'-e-a 
frax'-in-if-ol'-i-us 
Fras'-in-uB .. 

fri'-gid-a 
fron-do'-sa ... 
frut'-es-cens) ... 
frut'-ie-ans .. 
frut'-ic-o-sum 
frul-ie-ul-o 'sum 
Fuch-si-a 



fug-ax' 
fu-li-gin' e-DS 
fu-li-gin-o' -8U9 

f nl-geus 

ful-va 

ful-vo-sa 

fa'-me-us 

fa-rao'-sus 

fu-na'-lis 

fu-ne'-bris 

fun -git- or' -mis 

fur-ca'-tns 

Far-cra'-a 

fus'-ca 

fus-ca'-ta 

f us'-co-pur-pur-e-um . 

fu-sif-or'-mis 

Gaert-uer-i ... 



Gal-ang'-a 
ga-le-a-tum 



gal-e'-go-i'-des 



tral'-lic-a 
(J*ui-ble-i 



... (Latin), flower of the Queen ; 

... {com.) Fluegge \ {y)V : Flyg : gay] German botanist ; 
(Latin), stinlcing ; 

(Latin), leaf-Wke, having the texture or form of a leaf; 
{Lntin\, e'pi'phyllous, inserted upon the leaf ; 
(Latin), ,ivith many leaflets ; 
(Latin), icith many leaves; 
(Latin), beautiful ; 

(com.) of Forster, Australian bot*nist ; 
I (com.) of Robert Fortune, tra-velled in Cliiiia, aud introduced 
.. ( China tea into India ; 

(Latin), fragile, easily broken or delicate; 
(Latin), sweets cented; 
{Latin), very sweet scented ; 
(com ) John Eraser, I7o0 — 1811. Collector of N, American 

plants (N. 2/-3); 
(Latin), 'pertaining (o, or resembling, ike Ash (Hraxinus) ; 
(Lati»'), with leaves liJce the Ash ; 
.. (Latin), iiSLme of the tree used by Virgil and Ovid (N,2/23; 
Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 
(Latin), cold, or of cold climates ; 
(Latin), leafy ; 

. > (Latin), shrubby ; 

. (Latin), of dwart shrnbby habit (N. 2/30) ; 

(coin.) Leonhart Fup.hs [(pr :) L--iy-on-hart Fyx] 1561 — 1566, 

German botanist (N. 2/31) ; ofi.en wronglv pronounced as 

Few shah (N. 2/352). 
(Latin), fugacious, falling olT, or perishing very quickly ; 

I (Latin), sooty-broirn, dirtj brown verging on black; 

(Latifi), hining ; 
. (Latin), taivny, dull yellow mixed with brown and grey; 
(Latin), almost tainy ; 

> (Iiatin), .^moke-grey, grey changing to brown ; 
(Latin), rope shapea, formed of coarse flbrf s resembling cords ; 
(Latin), funeral, or planted about tombs ; 
(Latin), mushroom headed, cylindrical and having a rounded, 

convex, overhanging extremity ; 
(Latin), forled, or repeatedly branched (H.) ; or having long 
tertoinal lobes like the iirongs of a fork ; 
. (com.) A.F. Fourcrny, [(pr:) Foor-crwali] celebrated French 

Chemist, 1785—1809 (N. 236); 
. (Latin), brown, tinged with grey or black, i.e., dusky ; 
(Latin), somewhat dusky brown; 
(Latin), dvsl-y broirmish purple ; 
(Latin), spindleshaped., or narrow-ovoid tapering more or less 

to 8 point at each end ; 
(com.) Dr. Joseph Gaeriner, celebrated German botanist, 
1732- -1791 ; author " De fruotibus et sominibus plantarum," 
1788— -179! ; 
Kl'ul'injan (Arabic) [fiom Chineie], wild ginger (McL. 2fl8) ; 
. (Latin), fitiei n-ith" a helmet [from g"tea, (Laiin) a leather 
helmet.] Usnally applied to a ringent corolla, where the 
upper division is greatly arched ; 
. [quad-Greek), re^^embling Galega [from- gala (Greek) milk; 
(all :) supposed to increase the milk of animals which feet 
onit (N. 2/42)]: 
(loc.) belonging to France i.e., Gaul; 
. (com.) J. S. Gamble, M.A., c.i.E., F.n.s,, r. i,.s., Conservator of 
Forests in Bengal, Madras, and Noj-th India, Author of 
■' Manual of Indian Timber " ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION, 



49 



gam -o 

Kaajje-tic-um 
Gaii-i'-trus 
Qur-cin'-i-a .. 



Gar-f^e'-ni-a 

Gard-ne'r-i-a 

Gard'-nor-i 
Gard-ner'-i-a-na 
Gard-ner'-i-i 
Gar'-Qg-a 

Gaul-the'-ria 

Gay-i-i 
gel-a-tin-o'-aus 

S'el-o'-ni-o-i'-des 
Gel-o'-ni-um 

^em-el'-la 

gem-in-a'-ta 

gem'-in-if-lo'-ra 

gem'-in-ui3Q 

gen-dar-us'-sa 

Gen-i-anth'-tis 

gen-ic-ul-a'-tns 
Ge-6-uom-a 

Ger-an-i-a'-ce-S9 



Ger-ar'-di-a'-na 

Glir-man'-io-a 
Ghses-em-bi'-la 

Ghiee-bregli'-ti.i 
gib-ba 

gib-bo'-sa 

Gib-so'-ui 

Gih-so'-ni-a-nug 

gig-an-te-a 

Gil-lies'-i-i 

gil-vus 

ixink'-go 

Gi-rar-di'-ni-a 

Gir-on'-ni-e'-ra 

gith a-gin'-e-u8 

Gi-vo'-ti-a 

glacb'-er 

glab-er'-rim-a 

glab-ra 

glab-ra'-ri-a 

4 



(Greel(), (in oonipoaition) joined together ; literally, ivedded ; 

(loc.) 'pertaining to the Ganges ; 

(Malayavi), name of the tree (Rox. 2/592); 

(com.) Laurencs (iarcin [(pv:). Lo-rongse-Gairsang,] French 

botanist and travoUer in India, aa^hor nf numoroua botanical 

memoirs (X. l!/13) ; 
{com.) Alexander Garden, M.D. of Chflrlestown, Carolina, N. 

America, correspondent of Linnasus and Ellis (N. 2/51) ; 
(com.) George Gardner, Superintendent, Royal Botanic Gardens, 

Ceylon (W. A. T.) ; 

(com.) of George Gardner ; 

garugu. Teluju), name of the plant ; Nicholson places the 
accent on, and makes long, the second syllable, whilst 
showing (N. 2/54) that it is a natiye nauae ; this is wrong ; 
(com.) Gaulthier [(pr •.) Go-tee-yayJ physician and botanist of 

Canada (N . 2/55) ; 
{com.) of J. Gay, French botanist ; 
{Latin}., gelatinous (literally, partially frozen, gelatua), having 

the appearance and texture of a jelly ; 
(quasi-Greefe), resembling Gelonium. ; 
gelon (Greek), laughing; (aii :) polished leaves, poetically 

" smilina' " ; 
(Latin), little twins, small and nnited in pairs ; 
(Latin), doubled ; 
(Latin), iviihjiowers in pairs ; 
(^Latin), in pairs ; 

Gandaha, rasa (Sanscrit) fragrance, j'tcice ; 
geneia-anthoa (Greek), beard, flowers ; (aW:) corolla villous 

"witiiin ; 
(Latin), Icnee-jointed, bent abruptly like a knee ; 
geonoinos (Greek), studying the earth ; (all :) probably dwarf 

stature ; 
(Latin), Geranium Farriiiy, or Order : in Knglish, pronounced with 
a soft g and anglicized a, bat ie derived from geranos (Greek), 
a crane ; (all ■•) long beak that terminates the carpel-, the word 
being used by Dioscorides ; and the Knglis name usually 
refers to thegenns Pelargoniwn from Pe largos (Greek), a stork j 
(all .) carpel projecaons resembling a btork's bill; 
(com.) John Gerard, 15-i5 — 1607, author of the " Herbal," and 

cultivator of exotic plants (N. 2/64) ; 
(loc.) pertaining to Germany ; 
gasambiUa (Singhalese), Ambilla Tree, name of the tree in 

Ceyl>n ; 
(com.) of Ghiesbreght [(pr:) Gheese-brekt] German botanist j 
(Latin), gibbons, more protuberant or convex on one side than 

on the other (N. 2/67); 
(Latin), somewltat gibboiog ; 

(com.) of Dr. Alexander Gibson, botumst in the Bombay Presi- 
I deric}', co-author (with Dakell) of "Flora ot Bombay," 18G1 ; 
(Latin) , giant ; gigantic, tall, but stout and well proportional; 
(com.) of Dr. ■iillies, of Mendoza, Chili, S. America (N. 2/68) ; 
(Latin), Is ibella-yello 10 , dull yellow mixed with grey and red ; 
(Japanese), name of the 'ree (N. 2/68) ; 
(com.) Girardin [(pr :) Zhee-rarr-dang] ; 
(com.) Gxronnier [( pr :) Zhee-ro-nec-yay] ; 
(Latin), greenisl -red, rather more red than apple green -, 
(com.) Givot [(pr :) Zhee-vo] ; 
(Latin), s'mooth and hairless ; 
(Latin), j-ierfectly hairless; 
(Latin), Smooth and ludrlesg; 

(hybid), glabra (Latin) hairless, eria (Greek), w«olly ; {all ;) 
glabrous above tomentose below ; 



'50 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEEIVATION. 



D-ra'-ta 
glab-res'-cens 
glab-ri-or 
glad-i-a' ta ... 

glan-da'-ce-Tis 

glan-dul if -er-a 

glan-dnl-o'-snm 

glan-ces'-cens 

glau.corh-yH'a 

glaii-cnm 



Glaz-i-ov-i-i 

gle-cho'-mif-ol'-i-a 

Glei-t-he'-ni-a 

Gl-che'-ui-a'-ce-89 

Glen-nie-e-i ... 

Glob-ba 

globo-sa 

glob-ul-o'-8a 

Glob-nl-us 

Glo'-ohid'-i-on 

glom-er-a'-ta... 

Glom-ri-o'-sa 
Glu'-ta 
glu-tin-o'-sns 
Glyc-os'mis... 

Glyp-top-et-al'-on , 

Gmel-i-'na ... 

Gne-ta'-ce-se 
Gne'-tum 

God'-seff-i-a'-na 
Gol-die-a'-na .. 
Gom»phan-dra 

Gom-phi-a 

Gom-phoc-ar'-pua 

gom-phoc-eph'-al-a 
Go-ni-oth-al'-am us 



go-noc-al-yx ... 
go-noclad-us 

Good-ei i-i-a-ce-se 

Good-i-a 
Gor-do'-nia ... 
gos-syp-if-ol'-i-a 
gos-syp-i'-nns 
Gos-syp-i-um... 

gou-a-ka'-i . . 



S (Latin), becoming hairless tcith ageC 



(Latin), more hairless or less hairy ; 

(Latin), sirord shaped, (same »s ensformis. see ensifolia), long, 

narro-w, fJat. quitfi straight with an acnre point. 
(Latin), acorn-hrgtm^ b^-own rnixed with yellow and red; 
(Latin), having small glanils; 
(Latin), someivhai glandular ^ 
(Latin), becoming glaucous ; 
(Greek), with glaucvus leaves ; 
(Latin, irom Greelc), glaucous, dull green passing into greyish 

bhie ; covered with a bloom of t?ie colour of a cabbage, or 

American Aloe, leaf ; 
(com.) of Glasiou; Russian botanist and traveller (also 

written Glaz. of or Glaziov) ; 
(Latin), ivith leaves like Glechoma [from glecho (Greek), Penny 

Royal' ; 
(corr„.) W. F. Gleichen [(pro: Gli-hyenn] German botanist, 

1717-83. (N". 2/72) ; 
(Latin), Gleiehenia Family, or Order ; 

(com.) Glennie, bolanis*:. of Ceylon. 

(Molucca), name of the pTant (N. SI73) ; 

(Latin) . spherical ; 

(Latin), nearly spterical ; 

(Latin), small round ball ; 

diminutive of Glo-s (g. gloehos) (Greek), beard of com ; (all :) 

styles continent with a cono or column ; 
(Latin), compactly clustered into a round heap or head (H.) ; 

(Latin), full of glory ; (all t) handsome flowers, etc. (N. 3/74) ; 
GloT.te (Greek), stickiness: all resin ; 
Gluten (Latin), glue : sticky; 

Glukus'osme (Greek), sweet, smell ; (all -.) fragrance of flowers 

and other parts (N. 2/76) ; 
Gluptos, petaton (Greek), carved petal ; (all :) petals with two 

pitlike depressions in the upper surface ; 
(com.\ S. Gottlieb Gmelin r(pr :) Got leeb Gmay leen] ; 

na«-uralisf and traveller, "1743-1774 (N. 2 77) ; 
(Latin), Gnetum Family or Order ; 
Knao (2 Ver. Part neuter Kneton) (Greek), to wear down ; (all:) 

habit of climbing over and heading down other species; 
(com.) of Godseff (N. 5 '330) ; 
(com ) of Goldie (N. 2/3o3) ; 
gO'i.phcs, nner (g. andros), (Greefc), club, males; (all :) filaments 

of stamens are dilated towards the top : (Oh.) ; 
gomphos (Greek) club : (all :) shape of the fruit (N. 2/7) ; 

gornphos, karpos (Greek), club fruit ; (all :) the follicles are 

ventricose (N. 2/78) ; « i > i 

(Greek), club headed ; VoM. p^ •C ^ Wi^lA ^'^^'Vk-iA. 

Gonia, thalamos (Greek), ftngle, nuptial couch ; (all :) the inner 
petals cohere in a valuted cap over the stamens and ovaries ; 

(Ch.) ; 

(Greek), with angled calyx ; 
(Grr'ek), with angled branches; 

(Latin), Goodenia [from Dr. Sam. Goodenough, 1743 — 1827 Bish- 
op of Garble Family, or Order ; 
(com.), Peter Good botanical collector in Australia (N. 2/80) ; 
(com.) Alexander Gordon, nursery man (N. 2/feo) ; 
(Latin), with leaves Hue cotton (Gossypium) ; 
(Latin), pertaining to or resembling cotton ; 
(Latin), name of the plant used bv Pliny (N. 2/85), derived 

from Goz. (Arabic) (Br 19); 
(Tamil), name of the plant ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



51 



Gou-a'-ni-8 
gon-ii-a'-na 



grac'-il-is 

Gra'-ham-i 
Gra'-ham-i-a'-na 
Gra'-ham-i-i 
Gra'-min-a'-ce-ae 
Gi a'- IT) in-if -ol-i-um 

gram'-mic-us 

gra^na'-tum . . . 

gran'-di-cepa 

gran'-dif-lo'-ra 

gran'-flif-ol'-i-a 

gran'-dis 

lirant-i-i 

gra-nnl-a'-tmm 
Grap-toph-vr-lum 

gra'-ta 

gra-tis'-sim-a 
grav-e-ol-eDS 
Grev'-ili'-le-a ... 
Grew'-i-a 

Grif-fith'-i-i ... 

gris'-e-as 

gi'os'-sam 

gni-mo'-sa 

Gna'-i-ac-nm 

Cna-zd-Tiia 

Gnet-tar'-da ... 



gni-a-nen -8ifl .. 

Guil-foy'-le-i .. 
gain-e-en'-sis 

gum-mif'-er-a 
Gun'-ni-i 



gTit-ta-ta 
Gat-tif-er-fie ... 
Gay-a-va 
Gym-ne-ma ... 

gym-Tiorh-i'-za 

Gym-nos-pur'-i-a 



Gyn-er'»I-am ... 

Gyn-oc-ar'-di-a 
gyp'-se-na 

4-A 



{com.) Anthony Gouan, 1733 — 1821. Professor of Botany, st 

iloutpelier in the south oi France (N. 2/85) ; 
(cia^.s), Gowry, alias Girijay, the mountain born of the Hima- 

layaa, and Pnrvaty as a maid before she became the wife of 

Siva (McL. 327) ; {all:) plants of the mountains and sacred to 

her ; 
{Latin), graceful ; 
(cow.) .John Gmham, 1805 — 183.^ Postmaster-General of Bombay, 

Author of " catalogue of plants growing in Bombay and its 

vicinity " 183L» ; 
{Latin), Grasses Fjynily, or Order ; 
{Latin), with leaves like grass; 
{Latin), lettered, when spots upen the surface assume the form 

of letters ; 

{Latin), filled with seeds ; 
{Latin), with a big head ; 
{Latin), with a large Jlon-ers • 
{Latin), unth large laaves ; 
{Latin), grovnng to a large size ; 

{com.) of Captain Grant, who, with Captain Speke, made an 

expendicien to Victona Nyanza, in Africa ; 
{Latin), granular, divided into little knots or knobs ; 

^raptos, -phullo {Greek), written, leaf ; (<%ll -.) markings on the 

leaves (N. 2,94), • 
{Latin), agreah'le : 
{Latin), most agreeable ; 
{Latin), v/npleasavt smelling ; 

{earn.) 0. F. Greville, u patron of Botany {N. 2/97) ; 
{com.) Ndhemiah Grevj, m.d., famous for his work o|n "Anatomy 

of Vegetables." (N. 2/98) ; 
{com.) of W. Griffith, author of " Palms of British India," 1850 ; 

(Latin), pearl grey, almost pure grey, just verging to blue ; 

(Latin), large : 

{i.atin), gruTnou", in the form of clusters of grains ; 

Guaiac {South American) name of the plant (N. 2/100) ; 

{Tffexican), name given by Plumier (N. 2/101) ; 

{com.) Jean Etienne Guettard •" (pr :) Zhongr Ay-tee-yeen Get, 
tar] 1715 — 17^6, Member of Academy of Sciences, Paris- 
France (N 2/101); 

(Latin) of Guiana, in the Xorth-East of S. America, between 
the Amazon and Oiincco River ; 

(com.) of Guilfoyle (X. 1/373) ; 

{loc.) of Guinea, part f f the west coast of intertropical Africa, 

from Cape Verga to Cape Negro ; 
{Latin), producing gum. ; 

(com,.) of Ronald. Gunn, co-anthor (with R. W. Lawrence and 
Thos. Scott! of " Contribtitions towards a flora of Vandie- 
men's Land," 1836; 
(Latin), marked with drops, or spots of a different colour ; 
(Latin), Gamboge {Garcinia) Family, or Order ; 
(West Indian\, name of the treei(Br. 78) ; 
Giiwi«o.5, nema (Greek), nuksd, thread; (all:) tilaments are naked 

as there is no stamineous corona (S . 2/103) ; 
{Greek), icith jiahed roots ; 

gimnos sporos (Greek), naked sf-ed; (all:) early and complete 
dehiscence of the capsule leaving the seed exposed and 
attached to it ( N . 5/412) ; 
gyne, erion {Greek), female, wool ; {all .) stigmas woolly 

(N. 2/103); 
gyrui, Kardia {Greek), fejnale heart ; {all :) stigmas cordate; 
{Latin), chal'Ky white, very dull white witi a little touch of 
grey ; 



52 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



gy -rans 
Gy'-roc-ar'-pTi8 

Hsem-ad-ic'-ty-on ... 

hsem-og -los' - sum 

haem-as'-tom-a 

hffim-at-it'-ic-us 

haem-at-oo-eph'-al-ua, 
Hsem-at-ox'-yl-on ... 

Ha'-ke-a 

hal-ep-ei/ sis 



hal-ic-ac'-ab-nm 

Hal-op-y'-rnm 

Hal-oi'-yl-on 

Ham-am-e-lid-a-ce-»., 
Ham-er— Ya ... 

Ham-il-to'-ni-a 



Hm-il-to'-nT-i 

Ham-il-to'-ni 

Hm-il-to-ni-a-na 

ha-nia'-ta 

ha-rao'-sa 

hap'-ni-um 

Hard-wick'-i-a 

Har'-mal-a 

Har-pe-phyl'-lum 

Har-pul'-li-a 

Har-ris-i-a'-na 
Har-ris-o'-ni-a 

has-ta-ta 



bav-an-6n'-8e 

Haw-tay'-n6-a-na 
he-ban-tha 

Hed'-er-a 

hed-er-a'-ce-a 
He-dych-i-um 

He-dy-o'-tis 

He-cljs'-8r-T.m 



{Lativ), Circling or oscillating ; 

gv.ros, Karpos (Gree'^i), circle, fruit ; (all :)ifrnit spins round and 
round a ; it falls from the tree ; 

Haima, diktiion (Greek), hlood, net; (alV-.) crimson network of 

veins of the leaves ; 
(Greer), icith blood coloicred tongue-like appendage ; 
(Greek), with blood coloured Tnouth; 
(Latin), btovn red, dullred wih a slight admixture of brown 

same as rwbiginosus (q.v.); 

(Greek), bloody headed ; (all:), heads of crimson flowers ; 
Haivia (G. haimatos), Kv.lon (nreek) blood, %vood ; (all -.) 

furnishes red dyes ; 
(com.) Baron Hake [ (pr :) Har. kay] a German patron of 

botany (N. 2/109); 
(loc.) of Aleppo, alias Hale, city of Syria, 70 miles east of the 

Mediterranean sea, and at the north-weet extremity of the 

great Syrian desert ; 

habbulkhalkhdl (Fersian), name of the plant, corrupted (McL. 

611); 
hals (G. halos), puron (Ortek), salt, ^cheai ; (oW:) grows near 

thesea, and affinity ; 
hals (G. holos), xnlon (Greek), salt, wood ; (all:) grows in salt 

swamps ; 

(Latin), Witch Eaiel ;(Hamamelis [from hama, melon, (Greek) 

together, fruit ; (all -.) frisit accompanies the flower (N. 2/110))] 

FaTTiily, or Order ; 
(com.) Henri Louis du Monceau dw Hamel 1 pr : Hong-ree Loo- 

ee. doo Morng. — so doo JIar-mail] 1700 — 1782, celebrated 

French anthor (N. 2/111); 

(com.) William Hamilton, of Woodlands, near Philadelphin, 
North America, who •ontributed many American plants to 
the Calcutta gardens (Box. l/.'54) ; 

I (com,.) of Dr. H. Buchanan — Hamilton, author of "Journey to 
T Mysore," 1802 ; 

(Latin), irith hooks ; 
(Latin), someichat hooked ; 

haptomai (Greek), to grasp; (all -.) rooting climbing branches; 
(com.) General Hardwicke, of the East India Company [N. 2/112], 
Harinal (Arabic) name of the plant [McL. 340] ; 
Harpe, PhuHon (Greek), sickle leaf; (all :) shape of the 
leaflets ; 

Harpulli (Bengali), name of the plant at Chittagong 

(Bed7l58). 
(com.) of Harris ; 
(corn.) Harrison, collector in the Malay Archipalago ; 

. (Latin) Hastate, pointed at the apex, cordate at the base with 
the basal lobes pointed and directed outwards like a halberfc 
(H) ; (see Sagittate) ; 

(loc.) of Havannah, capital of Cuba, island in the Gulf of 
Mexico ; 

(com.) of Hawtayne ; 

hebao anthos (Greek), to arrive at the age of puberty, flower; 

(all :) densely pubescent corolla ; 
(Latin), name of the plant used by Caesar, Virgil, Horace, and 
Pliny (N. 2/120 : Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 

(Latin), resem,bling Ivy (Hedera) ; 

he das chiton (Greek), siveet, snoiv ; (all;) sweet-scented snow- 
white flowers (N./122) ; 

hedv.s, ous \_g-otos) (Greek), sweet, ear ; (all -.) sweet-scented 
Ear Uke leaves [ch.] ; 
(Laiiv), tiith leaxes like Hedysarum,; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



63 



he-clyS'-ar-if-ol'-i-a ... 

he-dys'-ar-o-i-des 

He-dys'-cep-e 

ho-li-iinth'-em-if-or-i-a 
He-h-ant.h'-em-um ... 

He-lich-ry'-sum 

tie-lic'-i-a 

Hel-ic-6-ni-a 

Hel-ic'-tei-es 
Hel'-in-us 

H4-li-ot-rop'-i-um 

hel-'ix 

hel'-vol-iis 

He-mio-y'-cle-a 

He-mid-es'-mns 
He-mig-y-ro'-sa 

he-miph-loi-a 

he-mis-plie'-ric-a 
He-niit.-e'-li-a 

hen'-dek-a 
Hen-der-so-ni 
he-pat'-ic-a ... 
he-pat'-ic-a-fol'-i-a ... 

hep'-ta 

hep-taph-yl'-la 
Hep-fcap-leu'-i um 

her-ba'-ce-nm 

fle-rit-i-e'-ra 
Her-nan'-di-a... 



her-nan'-dif-ol'-i-a .. 

her-pet'-ic-Tim 

het-er-an-tha 

het'-er-an-the'-ra ,. 
het'-er-oc-ar'-pum .. 
het'-er-om-al'-lus 
Het'-er-op-an'-ax 
Heti'-er-oph-rag'-ina 



het'-er-oph-yl'-la 



(Greek), Street, filling, old word used by Dioscoridos (N,/123) ; 

(Greek), re.^emhli'hij Tledysarum ; 

lu^du.s^ skcpa (Greek), sweet, coverimj ; (all.) dense head of 

leaves (N.2/J24) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like the Sun Rose (Holianfchemum) ; 
he lids, anth'-mori, (Greek), Sun, floxver ; (all-.) conspicuons 

blooms and habitat in sunny localities (N. 2/124) ; 
hciios, chrilsos (Greek), sun, yold : (cdl :) colonr of tho flowers ; 

word used l>y Thoophrastus (N. 2/127) : 
helia (Greek) rigour; (all-.) appearance, with evergreen leaves 

anil yellow liuwers ; 
(C7(j.s.) Ui'likon, mountain of IJoeotia in Greece, sacred to the 

Muses ; (aiJ :) affinity to the Mosa genus (N. 2/128 : Case. 

Lat. iJic.) ; 
heiiJcter (Greek), twisted bracelet ; (all .) fruit (N, 2/130) ; 

he linos (Greek), tendril ; (all -.) tendrils by which it climb^ 
(N. 2/130) ; 

helios, trope (Greek) sun, turning , name used by Theophraa- 
tus ; {all :) , ancients believed that it turned towards the sun 
(N. 2/130] ; 
helix (Greek), anything tivisted or spiral ; 
(Latin), bistre, grayish yellow with a little brown ; 
he mi, Kuklos (Greek), half circle ; (all -.) stamens round a 
circular disk, hut about half as .many as in Cyclostemon, to 
' which it is closely allied. 

he mi, desmos (Greek), half, bond ; (all) : filaments free [usually 

connate in the order], anther tips alone joined : [Oh,], 
hemi, gnros (Greek) half circle ; (all:) fifth petal usually minute 

or obsolete leaving a blank in the circle ; 
(Greeh), half barked, bark flaking oif only in parts ; 
(Greek), hemispheric, like half a sphere ; 
hemi telia (Greek), half lid ; (all -.) shape of indusium 

(N. 2/123) ; 
(Greek), eleven (See endeca) ; 
(com.) of Henierson ; 

(Greek), liver-coloured, dull brown with a little yellow ; 
(Latin), with leaves like Anemone hapatica [frou. hepar (g. 

hepatos liver]; (all -.) medicinal properties ; 
(Greek), seven • 
(Greek), seven leaved ; 
hepta, pleuron (Greek), seven, rib; [all:1 ribbed fruit 

(N. 2/136); 
(Latin), herbaceous, resembling herbs ; of a corolla, green (H.^; 

of leaves, membranous, i.e., thin, green, and cellul'<r (See 

membranous) ; 
(com : Charles Louts L' lleritier [(pr:) Sharrl Loo-ee Lay-ree- 
tee-yay] 174-7-18.00, celebrated French botanist (N. 2/187;; 
(com.) Francisco Hernandez [(pr.) Frarnthees-co Air-narn- 
dayKl, physician to Philip II, King of Spain, writer on the 

Flora of Mexico (N. 2/138); 

{Latin), withleaves like Jack-in-a box (.Hernandia) ; 

(Greek), creeping; 

(Greek); with two kinds of flowers ; or, with different flowtrs, 

from another species ; 
(Greek), with tivo kinds of anthers ; 
(Greek), with tivo kinds of fruit ; 
(Greek), with two kinds of locks of wool ; 
(Greek), a different Hnd of Panax ; 
heteros, phrdgmos (Greek), other, partition ; (all;) the 4-rid"'ed 

septum (differing frohr others), found in the first species of 

this genus 'discovered (Ch.) ; 
(Greek), tvith two kinds of leaves ; 



54 PEONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 

Het-er-op'-ter-is ... heteros, pterux {Greek), other, loing ; (all:) varioas f ornas of 

wing-ed samarae (N. 2/139) ; 
Het'-er-os-tem'-ma ... hetSros, stemma (ffreefc), other, crown ; {all :) 5 large lobes of the 

corona spreading horizontally from the column, and lying 

Hat on the corolla (Ch.) ; 
het-er-ot'-rich-a ... {Greek), with two kinds of hair, or, with di^»rent hair from 

another species ; 
He-ve'-a .. ... Heve {Brazilian), name of the para (N. 2/liO) ; 

Hew-it'-ti-a ... ... (covn.) Heiwii ; or Hewet, according to W'.A.l. ; 

hex'-a ... ... {Greek), six ; 

hex-ag-o'-na ... ... [ hi'x, gonia {Greek), six, angle : some consider it to be from h/ex, 

\ gSnu {Greek), six, bend ; with accent on 2nd, aud 8h:)<-t 3rd ; 
hex-an'-dra ... ... [_{Greek), with six stamens syllable ; but see Antigonon; 

Hey'-ne-a ... ... (com.) 1>>-.1)'. Zleywe [(pr:) Hainj German botanist and traveller 

in tiie East Indies {Oi.) ; co-aiithor (with Klein and iiottler) 
of Herbarium madraspatense ", 

Hey-ne-a'.na ] ^^^^^^^ ^^ p^ j^ jj 

Hey -ne-i ... ... j ^ ' 

Hib-is'-ci'S ... ... Hibiakos {Greek), Marnh Mallow; name used by Diosoorides, 

(N. 2/141) ; 

Hil-li-a'-na ... ... (com.) of W. Hill, Snpciiutendent of the Botanic garden at 

Brisbane, Australia; 
hi-DO-l'-de-as .. ... {Latin Lfrom Oreefe. his — g. hinns — a fcttdow]), when all the 

veins of the leaf proceed from rhe midrib, and are paralled, 

and undividi'd, as in the Ginger family ; 
Hip-pou-as'./.am-um ... hippos, kaftanon (Greek), horse, chestnut ; {all :) resemblance to 

Spanish Chestnut (Castanea), and inedibility ; 

Hip-poc-rat'-e-a ... (com.) ILippocrates, celebrated Greek physician, born about 
460 B.C. died about 377 B.G, called " Tne Father of Medi- 
cine" (Oh.) ; 

Hip'-tag-e ... ... Hiptcmai (Greek), to fly ; (all :) three winged aaiuara- (N. 2/-127) ; 

hir-8u'-ti-or ... ... {Latin), more liirsute, th.iu some other species or variety ; 

hir-su-tis' sim-a ... (Latin), very hirsute : 

hir-su'-tul-a ... ... (Latm), sovien'hal hirsutd; 

hir-su'-tum ... ... (Lut'n), hirsute, thickly covered with 'ong, somewhat stitfish, 

haris (U.); 

hir'-tip-es ... ... (Latin), hirsute stalked; 

hir'-tum ... ... (Latin), hirsute (H.)j 

his'-pid-a ... ... (Latin), hiapid, thickly 007i'red with long stiff, bristly, hairs, 

(H.); 

his-pid-is'-sim-a ... (La*^rt_), very hispid ; 

his-pid'-ul-a ... ... Laiw), somewhat hispid ; 

Hoff-man'-ni-a ... (com.) (>. F. Hoffmann 1761 — 1826, Prolcsdor of Botany at Got- 

tingen, Priissta (N. 2/147) ; 
Hoh-en-ack-er-i ... (c(«n.),Houe.')acker, botanist whose chief efforts were exerted in 

the Nilgiri Hills, and the west coast ; 
Hol-ar-rhe'-na ... hrdos, arrhen (Greek), whole, maU- \ (all :) entire anthers (Ch.) j 

Hol-ig-ar-na ... ... Rola gerani {Canarese), cultivation, of a Marking Nut (Seme- 

carpus) ; (all.) habitat (near tlie coabt) and affinity ; 

Holm-ski-ol-di-a ... (com.) Theodor Hoimskjold (pr.) Tay-o-dor Hoaim-sky-oald 
1732—1794, Danish botanist (N. 2/149) ; 

Hol-ap-tel-e-a ... Holos, ptelea (Grek) entire elm (uluius) ; (aii:) leaves, except 

when young entire instead of serrate ; 

hol'-cs-e-ric'-e-a ... holos, serikos (Greek), e/direly silky, in Nicholson, tlie 3rd syl- 
lable is short, possibly a slip, as it is long in senceus ; 

Hol'-os-tem'-ma ... holes, stemma (Greek), whole crown; (all:) Q.eBb.y 3,11111110,1 corona 
(Ch); 

Hom-al'-i-um ... ... homalos (Greek), conaiatent : (all :) stamenls of some spocies in 

reguhir fascicles (N. 5/429) ; 

hom'-ol-oph-yl'-la .,. (Greek), smoot/r leaved ■, 

Hom-on-oi'-a ... ... (Greek ^, lameness of mini; (ttJJ :) hoth« si)ecies are found in 

milar localities, i.e., river bod; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DKKIVATION. 55 

lIou-ot'-rop-UB ... (Qreelc), toryiedinone dirccl.ioa; having the same direction as 

the l)()(ly to which ifc bolont^'s, but not boinf( straight ; 

Hoog-on-dor'-pi i ... (com.) of Hooge drop, Dutwh botanist of tho Indian Archipelago; 

Hook-er-i .. ] {com.) of Sir William J. Hooker, K.it.s., or his son, Sir J. D ; 

I Hooker, k.k.s., tiio latter for many years liead of the Royal 

I i5i)(.;iriio Gardens at Kew, and author of Flora of British 

Hook'-er-ai'-num ...J India; 

llo'-pe-a ... ... ('-ow.) Dr. John Hope, Prol'es.'jor of Botany at Edinburgh, 

.Scotland (Ch.) ; 
Ho-pe-a'-na ... ... (fom.) of Dr. John Hope ; 

hor-i'-7,on-ta'-lis ... {Latin), horizontal ; wiien a i)lane points to the heavoDB and its 

apex to ttie liorizon, as with most loaves j 
iior'-rid-a ... ... {Latin), bristlimj, usually vvii.li prickles ; 

ifors-fall'-i-m ... {com.) Mrs. Horxfall, ol" the We.st Indies f.M. 2/191); 

Hor-tcn'-si-a ... ... {com.) Euji'mie Hortenxi> de Beauharnais [(pr :) Er-zhay-nae 

Orr-tougse der Bo arr-nay] 1783 — 1837, daughter of the 
French Empress .Josephine, and mi^ther of Napoleon III, 
a'ltiiore.ss of " Part.'int pour la Syrio " (Eno. Brit.); 
hor-ten'-sia ... ... {Latin), yr owing in gardens (H.) ; 

Hos'-kin-s;-e {oom.) of Mr-i. Ho^^kin-^ i 

hos'-pit-a ... ... (Latin) foreign ; 

Uo'-ve-a ... ... {rom.) A. P. Hove, Polish botanist and Collector for Kew 

(N. 2/15 1~) ; 
no-ven'-i-a ... (com.) David Hjven, Sou ttor of Amsterdam, Holland (N". 2/155) ; 

How'-e-a ... ... (rom.) Lord Howe's Island, of Australia, where alone r.he genus 

* is found (N. 2/155) ; 
Hoy'-a ... .. {com.) Thomas Hoy, once gardeiser fio the Duke of Northum- 

berland, at Sion House (N. 2/155) ; 
Hii'-ber-i ... ... (com.) of Huber l{pv :) Oo-bnh], German botanist; 

Husg-er-i-a'na ... (com.) of Baron Karl Alexander Anselm Von Huegel [(Pr :) 

Karri Arl-aix-arn-dair Arnselm fon Hyg-ell.] 1790 — 1870. 
(lerman traveller in Asia, including East Indies, and 
elsewhere ; 
Hu-go'-ni-a ... (com.) John Hngon, English Botanist C'h.) ; 

Tlum-boldt -i-a ... (com.) Baron Friedricli Heinrich Alexander Humboldt (pr:) 

[Fre'^ dreek hiine-reek Arl-ayx-aru-dair Oom-boaltj (1769 — 
iSSfi) of Ponierania, a province of Prussia on the Baltic tea, the 
celebra' ed traveller, co-author (with Bonplandt an 1 Kunth) 
of " Nova ijeneraet species iBcpiinoctialinm orbis novi." 
Hum-bo\lt'-i-i ... (com-) of Baron Hinnboldt ; 

Hu-me-a'-na ... (com.) of Lady Hume, of Woi meleybury, Herts, England 

(N. 2/157); 
Hum-if-u'-sus . . {Latin), procumbent (q-v.) ; 

hum'-il-is ... ... {La>in), low in stature (fl .) ; 

Hum'-ul-us ... humus (Latin), the ground; (di!? :) plant prostrate if not sup- 

po.ted (N. 2/157) ; 
Ilunt-er'-i-a ... ... (com..) Dr. William Hunter, Bengal Medical Establishment 

IjotanJst, and autlior of History of Pegu (Ch.) (Rox. 1/1696; ; 
Un'-ra ... ... (South American), name of the plant (N. 2/158) ; 

hy-al-i'na ... ... (Latin, iioia Greek), glas.-i-like, whence also, transparent; 

hyb'-rid-a ... .. {Latin) hybrid, a cross breed b-^tween two different species, 

(B.); 
hy'-der-ab-a-den'-sis. (loc.) of Hyderabad ; 
Hyd-noc-ar'-pu8 ... hudnon, karpoc (Greek) (tuber fruit) i (all-.) appearance of 

fruit (Ch ) ; 
Hyd-ran'-ge-a ... hildor, angeion (Greek), water vessel ;' (all:) cup shaped frait 

(N. 2/162) ; 
Hyd-ri-as-te-le ... hudria, stole (Qreek), water vessel, cohi/mn; (aii:) habitat rear 

springs, and tall stems (N. 2/163); 
hyd-roph'-yl-la'-ce-a. (Latin), resembling JhjdrophylUmn {(Greek) water, leaf ; {all •) 
leaves loaded with water at spring time (N. 2/164)'j. 

Hym-en-ie'-a ««• hynunaeus (Latin), belonging to the God of marriage ; {all -^ Win 

leaflets (N. 2/161) : it is to be notod that in Greek the fii-sfc 
syllable of this word long, in Latin short (N. 2/356) ; 



§6 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Hy-men-od-ic'-ty-on, 

Hy-men-oph-yl'lum. 
hy'-men-os'-por-iim ., 

Hy-oph-or'be 

Ilyp-er-i-oa'-ce-a; 
Hyp-er-i'-cam 

hyp-oc-ra-te'-rif-or- 
mis. 

hyp-og-se'-ns 
hyp-og-'yn-MS 
hyp-oph-y !'• lum 
hys-tris 

i-anth -in-a ... 

Ic-a'-cir-a'-ce-ae 

lo-a'-co 

Ich-noc-ar'-pus 

ich-nos-tach'-y-a 
i-dae'-ns 

ig-ne-a 

I'-lex 

i'-lic-if-ol'-i us 
Il-lic'-i-nm 

il-lus'-tris 
IriQ-ber -ti 

im-bric-a'-ta .. 

Imp-ar-ip-na'-tus 



Im-pat'-i-ens 

Im-per-a'.ta ... 

im-per-a'-tor 
itn-per-i-a'-lis 
im-plex'-a 
in-a'.qna'-lis ... 
in-ae-quil-afc'-er-us 



in-ca-nes -cens 
in-car-na'-ta ... 

in-ci'-sa 
in-cil -sif-oli-a 
in-con '-stans ... 
in-cras-sa'-ta 
in-cnr'-va 
in'-dic-a 
2n-dig-of' -er^a 



in-dig-ot'-ic-a 



Humen (g. hum^nos). diktyon {Oreek), membrane, net ; {all :) 

seeds are girded by a reticulated uiambrane (N. 2/165) ; 
HuTnen {g. humenos), phullon (Greek), membrane leaf; 
Humen (g, huv/Knos), i^ora {Greek), membrane, Seed ; {all :) 

seeds are girded by membranous wings (N. 5/437) ; 
Bus (g. hnos), phorbe {Greek), pig, food i {all:) nnts eaten 

by pigs (N. 2/165) ; 
(Latin), St. John' s-ivort (Hyperioam). J^amily, or Order; 
hitpe'reike (Greek), name of the plant used by Dioscorides, 

(N. 2/168) ; 
(Latin), salver shaped, w'ith a long slender tube and flat limb 

to the corolla (N. 2/168) : 
(Greek), %ubterranean, growing nnder the earth : 
(Greek), growing from below the base of the ovary ; 
(Greek), groiving on the wnderside of a leaf{N. 2/170) ; 
(GreeTc) porcupine, i.e., beset with thorns ; 

(Greek), violet [aame as violaeeus'\ (q.v.), intermediate between 

pure indigo blue and crimson ; 
False Cocoa Plum Fdmihj, or Order ; 
(Florida), name of plant (N. 1/324) ; 
ichfios, karj^os (Greek), vestige, fruit ; (all -.) slender follif.lp, 

(N. 2/173) ; 
(Greek), slender, spiked ; 
(loc.^ of Ida, mountain of Thessaly in Greece ; 

(Latin), flame colouredy, scarlet passiing almost to orange 

bright and clear [same as flammea] ; 
(Latin) holm oak (Quercus Ilex), name given by Virgil ; (all -.) 

resemblance of leaves ( N. 2/178) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like Holly (Ilex) ; 
(illicio) (Latvn) allure ; (all -.) agreeable aromatic small (N. 

2/177) ; 
(Latin), remarkable, for its beatity ; 
(com.) of Imbert, name .given by Bourdillon without specifying 

■ the person commemorated ; 
(Latin), imbricated, overlapping each other, like the tiles of a 

roof fX. 2/178, H.) ; 
(Latin), odd-pinnate, when a pinnate (q.v.), leaf rachis teminates 

in a leaflet, making an odd nnmber of leaflets, or in a 

tendril ; 

(Latin), impatient; (all:) elasticity of the seed pod valves, 
which discharge the seeds when ripe (N. 2/178) ; 

(Latin), commanded; (all:) not clear, unless intended for Im- 
perator, from its noble appearance ; 

(Latin), Emperor, noble in appearance ; 

(Latin), imjwrial ; 

(Latin), entangled (H.) ; 

(Latin), unequal ; 

(Latin), inequittateral, or unequal (q.v,), when the sides of a 
figure are not symmetrical : 

(Latin), hoary, white with a greyish tinge, caused by hair, 
indistinguishable to the eye, on a green surface j 

(Latin), somewhat hoary ; 

(Latin), flesh-coloured, the palest rosy-pink, with the faintest 
touch of yellow ; 

(Latin), iuci.sed, cut deeply into sharp irregular divisions (H.); 

(Latin), nHh incised leaves ; 

iLann), variable in character ; 

(Loitw), thickened (H.) : 

(Latin), curved iniuards (U.) ; 

(loc.) of India; 

(Indicum) [through indigo {Fortvguese)'\, fero (Latin), hearing t 
(all :) some species produce indigo dye (N. 2/181) ; 

(quasi-Lafiw), indigo coloured, the deepest dear bluej 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



57 



in-dnp.lic-a-ti'-va 



in-er -mi8 


iii-fec-to'-ii-a 


in-fla'-tu8 


in-flex'.u8 


in-for'-tn-iia'-hum ... 


in-frao'-tns ... 


Jn-iiii-dib'-ul-if-or'- . 


mis. 


in-g'-a 


in-gra-ta 


In- iia'-tus 


iun-od-o'rum ... 


iD-noph-yl'-lum 


iti-0|)B' 


in-sig'-ne 


in-sitit'-i-a ... 


in-teg-er'-rim.a 


in-teg'-rif-ol'-i-a 


iu-ttr-med'-i-a 


in-t'-T-nip'-ta ...^ 


in.tric-a'-ta9 


in-tro-cur'-»n8 ... ') 


in-tro-flpx-ns .. 5 


ia-tror'-sus ... 


in-tsi-a 


in-volc-u-cra'-ta 


in-vol-u'-tu8 .. 


in-vei'-sus 


i-phis'-i-a 


I-poni-ae a .. ... . 


^-rid-if-ol'-i a ... 1 


i-rid-if-lo'-ra . ... i 


ir-reg-':l-a'-ri8 ... ( 


le-on-an'-dra ... i 


i'-sora 


ix-i-03-eph.aI-u8 


Ix-o'-ra 



Jac-ar-an'-da 
Jack-i-a'-nus 
Jack'-i-i 



(Latin), in dufdicafe, having the tnarKin8 bent abraptlv inwards, 
aixl tliu external facts of the edges applied to each other 
without any twidtiuj^ > 

(Latin), unarmed, without. tV eras : 

(Latin), u.<ed by d'jers ; 

(Latin), hl/iddeiij, thiu, m';mbiiiuoiiB, slightly transpar«nt 

swellin;^ equally us if inflated with air ; 
(Latrn), injlexed, saddenly bent inwards ; 

(Latin), vitk no licck, i.e., in Clerodendron, without medical pro- 
perties ; 
(Latin), injlexed ; 

\Latin), funnel-shaped, with long slender tube, and limb an 

inverted cone ; 
(South American), name of tlie jilaut (N. 2/182); 
(Latin), unpleasant ; 

(Latin), innate, adhering to the pax of a thing ; 
(Latin), without .scent; 
(tjreek), with leave-- harinfj many nerves; 
(Latin), poor, or deficient (H.) i 
(Latin), reoiarjf.able, for its beauty or size ; 
(Latin), grafted !N. 3/236) j 
(Latin I, quite entire; 

(Latin), witk entire leores, i e., without marginal division ■ 
(Latin), intrrmedinte, between two other species; 
(Latin), interrupted, i.p, regularity of form broken ; in leave.s 

the blade not continuous, bat in fragments kept together hv 

the raidri'i (Sec continuous) ; 
(Latin), entangled, intermi-ced in an irregular manner, that 

they cannot be ea.silj- disentangled ; 

(Latin), injlexed, saddenly bent inwards; 

(Latin), turned inwards, or towards 

appertains ; 
Incn (Malayalzni). name of the plant ; 
(Latin), with a whorl of bracts subtending a flower cluster 

(H); 
(Latin), involute, when the edges are rolled inwards spirally on 

each side ; 
(Latin), inverted, having the apex of onet hing in the opposite 

direction to that of another ; 

iphioi i Greek), strong ; 

Ips. (g. ipos). homoioa (Greek), Convolvulus, resembling ; (all :) 
affinity and similirity generally (N. 2/191); 

(Latin), with lejves like the Corn Flag (Iris) l(cla$.) ; goddess of 

the rainbow; (all :) many coloured flowerr"] ; 
(Latin), withfowars like Iris ; 
(Latin), irregular, in which the symmetry is destroyed by some 

inequality of its parts ; 

isoi, aner (g. androc;) (Greek), equal, males ; (all -.) stamens 

half perfect, half barren (N. 2/202) ; 
tsvaramidi (Mulayalo,m), divine root, name of the plant (McL. 
802) : Nicholson puts the accent on the 2nd syllable, with a 
long o, which is obviously incorrect ; but See Ixora ; 

(Greek), tvit'n a head like Ixia; 

Lsvari (San-ikrit), a synonym of Parvari, wife of Siva, to whom 
the plant is sacred, was evidently the original name, but as 
shown l3)- Roxburgh (note to 1/376), it was apparently 
purposely altered to the pronunciation given ; 

(Brazilian), name of one of the species (N. 2/205); 
(com.,) 'of William Jack of Aberdeen, botanist in the Malay 
Islands, died 1822 ; 



the axis to which it 



58 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEEIVATION. 



Jac-o-bin'-i-a 



Jac-que-uion'-ti-a 



Jac-que-moa'-ti-a' 
Jac-que-mon'-ti-i 
Jac-qui'-ni 
Jao-qni»ni'-a 



jam-bhi'-ri 
jam-bol-a'-na 

jam'-bos 

Jame'-si-i 

jan'-thin-us ... 

jap-on'-ic-a 

jiis-min-if-lo-ra 

jas-niia-u-i'-des 

Jas'-min-um 

Ja'-te-orh-i'-y.a 

Ja't-roph-a 



jav-a'-di-en'-sis 

ja-raii-eii'-Bis 

ja-van'-ic-a ... 

ja-ven'-sis 

J en-kins-i-a'-na 

Jen-nian'-ni ... 

Jer-do-ni-a'-na 



■>ey-po-reii -sis 

Jo-an-ne'-si-a 

John-so'-ni 

John-sto'-ne-i 

Jo-seph'-i-a 

Jos-si'-ni-a 

Jub-se'-a 

jn'-jub-a 

ju-)iD-ris'sin .. 
ju-lif-lo'-ra 

jun'-a-ce 
Ju-nip'-er-ns .. 
Jas-si-ae'-a 



(toe.) Jacobina, Province of Brazil, probably, as the species 

come from tropical America, but derivation doubtful 

(N. 2/205); 
{com.) Victor Jacquemont [(pr:) Veektor Zhark-er-morng] 

1801 — 1832, Freach naturalist and traveller in the East Indies, 

(N. 2/206) ; 

"°^" i (cum.) of Firtor Jacquemont ; 

{co •'«..) of iV. J. de Jacquin ; 
{com.) Nicholas Joseph de Jacquin [(pr :) Nee-cole-ar Zho-ze£E 
der Jnr kang] 1727 — 1817, eminetit Ijotanist and frofes.sor of, 
Botany at Le> den in South Holland (N. 2/206); 
{Sanskrit), a kind of sour orange ; 
... jambv, {Sanskrit), name of tbe plant ; corrupted first into 

English Ja7nboiin ; 
... jambit {Sant^krit), name of the plant ; 

{com.) of James ; collector in the Rock*/ mouu^'ains of America ; 
{Latin, from Greek), a form of wiitiug iantliinus (q. v.) ; 
{Latin), pertaining to Japan ; 
{Latin), with Jasmine like fioners ; 
(qnasi-t?)-eefc), resembling Jasmine (Jisminum) ; 
... Ydaamin {Arabic), -lame of tlie plant (N. 2/206 ; McL. 382) ; 

tdtox, rhiza {Greek), healing, rod; {all-.) medicinal qualities, 

(N. 2/208) ; 
idtro^, trcphe {Greek), physician, fno-i ; {all :) medicinal quali- 
ties ( N . 2/ 208) ; the last half is more probably from phoinomdi 
{Greek), to be apparent ■, 
{toe.) beLunying to the Juvadi Hills ot North Arcot and Salem 
districts ; 
.. ■) {loc.) of Java, the mosr, important, but not the largest (Borneo 
... > New Guinea, Sumatra and Celebes being larger) of the 
..J Indian Archipelago (Enc. brit.) ; [See ^noluccanaj ; 
{com.) of Je nki ns ; 
{com) of Jenman (V. 5/o32) ; 

(c07«.) of Surgeon Major T. 0. Jerd.on of the Madras Medical 
Service, Eminent Ornithologist. (N. 2/208) ; and collecoor of 
plants, especially orchids, whilst his wife illustrated many for 
^Vight's ■' I cones, " about IS'^Sj 
{loc.) of Jeijpore, the zemindary lying between Vizagapatam 
District and Bastar St!',te in the Uentral Provinces ; 
... {com.) Joannez l(P"=} Ho-arn-aizeJ, Poruguese botanist; 
... 1 or of the Revd. Edward Johnson of Coonoor (W.A ].) ; 
...J {com.) of Revd. W. Johnson (or Johnstone) of (Jalicut ; 

[Com.) Dr. (aferwards Sir) Joseph Daitun Hooker fSee Hookeri) ; 

{com.) Juba, King of Nuu.idia in Africa (N. 2/209) ; 

{Latin) „ ju^uba [through zlzv.phos {Greek), from zaizufun 

(Persian" J, name of the plant (McL. 3/66) : 
Outdbresham {Hindustani), silken rose (Lis/T/272) ; 
... julis [f rum I oulos {Greek) jfos {s-jioris) {Latin), vovmQ hair. 
jUyi^W ; 
[Latin), reed-like i 

{Latin.), old name used by VirgU and Pliay ; 
(com.) De Jussieu [(pr :) der Zhyss-yerl, a French family with 
six botanists of note: (1) Antoine ;.(pr:) Arn-twarn] 1686 — 
175», editing Tournelort's " Institutio 



iting 
Barrelier's " PlantfE 



nes rei herbarire, " and 
per Gralliam, Kispaniaai, et Italiam 



Jus-tic -i-a 



observatiK ''; (2) Bernard [(pr :) Bair-narrJ 1699—1777, 
brother: (3) Joseph, [(pr:) Zhozeffj, 1704— 17^9, brother ; (4) 
Antoine Laurent j (pj' ; Ung-twarn-ji-orongj nephew of three 
preceding, 1718—1830 ; (5) Adrien Lanrent Henri, [(pr:) Ar- 
dreeong Lorong HongreeJ., ^on •! No, 4, 1797 — 1853 ; and 
(6) Lav/rent Fierre [(pr:) Lorong Peey-airJ, nei)hevv of No. i, 
179;J— 1860, (N. 2/214, Lnc. Brit.) ; 
(com.) J. Justice, Scotch Horticultaialist (N. 2/314!) j 



PRONUNCIATION AND DBBIYATION. 



59 



Kad-sn'-ra ... ... (Japowe^'e), name of the plaut ; 

Ka'-ki ... ... ... Kdki {Japcyngae), namtj of the planfc ; 

Kalm'-i-a ... ... {com.) Peter Kal/m, 1715 — 17i»5), pupil of Linnseas, travelled in 

Canada and tlio Northern States, a;id became profcHwor at 
Abo in Finland (N. 2/21 G); 
kan-ar-a'-iia ... ... (Litin), belonging to the Canara Districts, north in Bombay, 

Houth in Madras, Presidency ; 
Kan-dol'-i-a ... ... Kami al (Tamil), numo oi th<^ \>hmt ( Mo L. .1/122) ; 

Kan-jil-a'-li ... ... {com.) Itai Sahib Vpunlranath Kanjilal, a.aihor oi ^' Foreni Flora, 

of the School Circle, N.W.P. " ; 
kar-am-a'-na .. ... {loc.) of Caramania, nr Karamania, the south coast of A.Hia 

iMmoi- form the Medit.erranean Sea to Mount Tauru8, 
coniprisinj^ the ancient districtH of Lycia, Pamphylia and 
Cilicia. 
Kar'-ka ... (,.Seni/a/ 1, namo of the plant ; 

Rau'-ki ... ... /v'^fA). i/apane.--e), nanif! of the plant ; 

Kay'-e ia ,. .. (com.) Dr. B Kaye Qreville, of Edinburgh (Treaa. Bot.) ; 

Ken-drick'-i-a ... (com^ Kendrick ; a botanist in Ceylon ; . 

ken-troc-aa'-los ... (Greek) with .^pwr-like 'protuberances on the stem ; 

K('r'-r!-a ... .. (cowi.) M. JCerr, Superinti-ndent of the botanic garden in Gevlou, 

(N. 2/218) ; 
ker-me-si-na ... ... (Latin.), carmine, a pure red, deeper than crimson, verging 

towards black [Sec phocmcea'] ; 
Khas'-y-a ... ... (loo.) belonging to the Khasi Ilillt) of Anfam; 

Kiekx'-i-a ... ... {com.) -Tohann Kickc I (pr :) Yo-harn Keeks], father and son, 

Dutch brtanists ; 
Ki-ge'-li-a ... ... (com.) Kigel [(pr :) Kee-gail], Grerman botanist and traveller in 

Africa ; 
Kirk'-i-i ... ... (com.) Dr. John Kirk, a celebrated botanist of Zanzibar and 

traveller in Africa, esjiecially in Zambesi land (Treas. B(.t) ; 
Klein-ho'-vi-a . . (com.) M. KleinhoJ)', [(pr:) Cline-hoafl Director of the Botanic 

(lardenfl at Batavin, in .TnA-a (N. 2 /219) ; 
K.lein'-i-i ... ... (com.) of the Revd, Dr. /fZein, (pr : Cline.j German, for a long 

time rfsidintr in Tranquebar, who with Hevne and Rottler, 

was co-auth T of ' Herbarium madraspaten.se" ; 
Klotzsch'-i-a'-nns .. (com.) of Dr. Klotz.sch, of Berlin who determined Dr. Peter's 

Zambesi and Mozamlnqus plants for Oliver's " Flora' of 

Tropical Africa" ; 
Kce-nig'-i-i (rom.) of oenig [(pr.) Kar-ny], Danish botanist, physician to 

the Traquebar Mission : 1768 ; 
ko-et-ja'-pe ... ... (Singaporese) name of the pear shaped and flavoured variety 

of Sandoricnmindicum (H.E. 553) ; 
kok'-ni ... ... (Benc/aii), name of the plant ; 

Ko-koo'-na ... ... iCofewri (/Siwc/Zuiie.'ie), name of the plant ; 

Kop-si-a (com.) Jan Zops [(pr :) Yarn Coapsj, 1765— 1849, Professor at 

Utrecht in Holland ; 
kor'-in-ti ... ... (Tehigu), resembling Pleco.ipermutn .'•pinonum ; name of the 

plant ; 
kum-a'-on-i ... ... (loc.) of Kwnaon, district of the North West Provinces. 

Kunth'-i-a'-nus ... (com.) of Kunth [(pr :) Coont] Austrian botanist, co-author 

(with Humboldt and Bonj^landt) of " Nova genera et species 

plantarnm ffiquinoctialium orbis novce;" 
kurg-en'-sis ... ... (loc.) pertaAning to Coorg ; 

Kar-ri'-mi-a (com.) Abdul Karim, draughtsman of Wallich (See Wio-ht's 

I cones under Govindooa) ; 
Kyd'-i-a (com.) Colonel Robert Kyd, founder and first Direcoor of the 

Calcutta Botanic Gardens, died 17i?4. 

Lab-i-a'-tae ... ... (Latin) Labiate -[from labium (Latin) Lip], Farnily, or Order • 

being the principal family in which the calyx and corolla are 
each sejjaratt'd in two unequal, anterior and posterior, 
divisions, or lips. The term labiate is often used instead of 
pemonate, or rinfjent (q.v ) ; 

ab-ar -ni f-ol'-i-a ... (Latin), tuith leave li/ce Laburnum ; 



60 PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION, 

Lab-ur'-num (Latin), old name used by Pliny (N. 2/22o) ; 

lac-in'-i-a'-tam ... {Latin), jagged,, cut or] divided into unequal segments (N. 

2/22fi) ; 
lac'-te-a ... ... (La^tn), miU-u'/i.i(!e, a dnllish white verginc^ to blue; 

lac-n'-na ... ... (Latin), dejjre<nion, pit or intercellular spaces (H.) ; 

lac-u-no'-sa .. ... (irxii?)), having numerous, large de^p dcprefisions (See scrohi- 

ci'late) ; 
la-dan-if'-er-U8 ... {Latin), laud amum producing ; \Jadanum (Latin) from ladanon, 

(Greek) mastic^ ; 
lae-'ta-... ... ... (Latin), joyful, fresh looking ; 

lae'-te-vir-en's ... (Latin), bright green ;\ 

iJe-vig-a'-ta ... ... (Latin) , with polished surface ; 

Ise-vis ... ... (Xaiin), .wiootft. ; free from hairs, asperities, ov any unevenness ; 

lae-vis-sin-us .. ... (Latin), quite smooth ; 

Laf-6-en'-Bl-a ... (com.) Duke of Lafoens, 1719 — 1806, President of the Academy 

of Science at Lisbon in Portugal (N. 2/2.?0) ; 

lao'-e-nif'-er-Qs ... (Latin) //a.sA: bearing, bottle- like ; 

La-'J'er.stroem'-i-a ... [com.) Magnus Lagerstroem[(pr :) Marg-noos. Lar-gair-strarm] 

of Gottenburg in Sweden, a friend of Linnaeus, 1696 — 1759 

(S. 2'231) ; 
lag-o'-po-l'-des ... Greek) resembling Hare's-foot (Lagopas) ; 

Lag-u-na-ri-a ... (com,) Andres deLaguna [(pr :) Arn-drayze day Lar-goo-nar] 

Spanish Botanist, 1499-15G0 (N. 2/231) ; 
lak-ooch'-a ... ... laMch (ffin(iM.stani;, name of the plant ; 

La-marck'-i-i . . (com.) ('heralierlJean Baptiste P. A . de Monet de Ln Marek [(pr ;)] 

Shur-var-Iee-yay Zhong Barp-teest der Mo-n:iy der : Lar-mark, 

eminent French nntiii-alist. 1744 — 1829 (N. 2/81) whence 

alHo the name Monetia, which is a synonym of ArAma ; 

Lam-bert'-i-a-na ... (com.) of Aylmer Bourke, Lambert, f.r., President of the 

Linnjiean Society, author of " Desciiption of the genua Pinus, 

1803, supplement 1825, " and other works, 1799—1825 ; 
la-mi-if-oT-i-* ... (Lafinl, ui h leaves like Dead-nettle (Lamium [from laimos, 

(Greek) throat ; (all:) shape of the corolla]) ; 

lam '-pas ((Jree/c) «■ *o*'c'''. brilliant ; 

la-na'-+a (Latin), ivooll'J, with long loosclv intricate or curlv haire 

(H-); 

lan'-ce-ffi-fol'-i-a ... (Latin), ivith lance-shaped leaves ; 

lan-ce-ol-a'-ri-a .. (Latin), lance-like, straight, upright and tapering, or useful for 

making lances , 
lan-ce-ol-a'-tum ... (Latin), lance-shaped, narrowly pellitic and tapering to both 

ends (N.2/:^.32) ; 

lan-cif-ol'-i a (Latin), nith lance shaped Ceavs i 

Lac-dolph'-i-a ... (com.) M. Landolphe [(pr :) Lara-doalf] French Commander of 

the West African expedition to which P. deBeauvois was 

attached as botanist (N . 2/232) ; 
Lan'-si-um ... ... Lanseh (Malayan), name of the plant ; 

Lan-ta'-na .. ... (Italian), Way-faring tree (Viburnum opulus) ; (all:) resem- 

blance (N. 2/233) ; 
la-nu'.gin-o'-sa ... (Latin), ianwginose, with Ion j soft interlacing hairs or down, 

finer than lanate (H.) ; 
'*p-id'-e-us ... ... (Latin), ^t07ie coloured, a yellowish-brown, intermediate 

between umbrinous (q.v.) and stramineous (q.v.) ; 
La-por'-te-a (com.) M. Laporte [(pr :) Lar-porr-ter], a friend of the French 

botanist Gandichaud (N. 2/235) ; 
lap-pa'-ce-um... ... (Latin) with burrs, or covered with tufts of prickles (H.) ; 

lar-ic'-i-o ... ... (Italian), like the Larch (L^vhC) (^. ZjWl) ; 

Lar'-ix ... ... (Gree/c and Latin) old name used oy Dioscor ides and Pliny for 

the tree (N. 2/235 ; Cass. Lat. Die); 
Tias-i-anth'-ns ... lasios, anthos (Greek), hairy, floirer ; (all :) hirsute braoteate 

heads of flowers of the first found species ; 
las'-i-oc-ar'-pus ... (Greek), hairy fruited ; 

las'-i-op-et'-al-nm ... (Greek), u-ith hairy petals ; 
Las-i-os'i-ph-On ... lasios, .'iiphdn (Greek), hairy tube ; (all :) tnbe of the corolla 

somewhat long and densely villous with long silky hairs ; 



PUONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



61 



L-alt-a-nt-a 
lat-eb-ro'-sa ... 
Latter-a'-lis ... 
lat-er-it'-i-a ... 
la-tif-ol'-Va ... 
la-tro'-num 
Laur-a'-ce-OB ... 
laur-if-ol'-i-us 
laur-i'-na 
lanr-i-no-i'-d§s 
Laur-oc-er'-as-us 

Laur'-us 



Lav-an'-dul-a 
Lav-a'-ter-a . 



Law-Y-a'-mis 

Law'-i-i 

Law-Bo'-ni-a 



Law-8o'-ni-a'-na 
lax'-a ... 



lax'-if-lo'-ra . . . 
le-se'-ba 

Lear'-i 

leb'-bek 

Ledg'-er-i-a'na 



Le'-dum 
Lee'-a ... 

Leg-u'-min-o'sse 

lie-orh-i'-za ... 

Lem'-on-i-a'-na 

leu-tic-nl-a'-ris 

len-til-or'-mis 

len ti-gin-o'-sns 

le-op-ar-di'-na 

lep-id-oc-ar'-pa 

lep-id-o'-tuB 

lep'-id-nm 
lep- roc-ar''pa 
lep ro'-stis ... 
Lep-tad-e'-ni-a 

Lep-ton-yeh'-i a* 



Latanier {Mauritius), name of the plant (N. 2/237) ; 

(Latin), seeking, or affording, shelter ; 

[Latin), latfral, lixed near the side of any organ; 

(Latin), brick -red, dall vorniilion mixed with grey ; 

(Latin), with broad leaves ; 

(Latin), of robbers, or affording protection to them ; 

(Latin), Laurel (Laurus) Family, or Order ; 

(Latin), with leaves like laurel ; 

(Latin), like laurel ; 

(i\u3Lai- Greek), $omewhat like laurel ; 

(Latin), Laurel Cherry, with laurel-like leaves and Cherry -like 
fruit ; 

(Latin), name used by Cicero, Horace, and Virgil, sacred to 
Apollo, and a wreath of which was emblematic of victory in 
all kinds of pursuits, (Nic. 2/2.39 ; Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 

lavo (Latin), to wash ; (all :) use for perfnming during ablu- 
tions (N. 2/239) ; 

(cow.) Lavater [(pr :) Lar-var-tair], two brothers, physicians 
and naturalists of Zurich in Switzerland, who lived in the 
18th century ; 
. "[ (com.) of J. S. Law, Indian Civil Service (Bombay) and 
J botanist on the Malabar, or West Coast (Ch.) ; 

(com.) Dr. Isaac Lawson, botanical traveller, who published an 
account of a voyage to Carolina in N. America in 1709 
(N. 2/242) ; 

(cow.) of M. A. Laicson, f.b.s., who assisted in the preparation 
of Hooker's " Flora of Uritish India " ; 

(Latin), loose, not rigid (H.) ; also, in texture, soft and cellular, 
or open in arrangement, the parte being distant from, and 
not closely packed among, each other ; 

(Latin), withjloivers loosely arranged ; 

libds (Hindustani), what is tied round; (all :) cord like appear- 
ance ai'd twining habit ; 

(com.) of Lear (N. 2/191) ; 

(South African), name of a similar plant (Treas. Bot.) ; 

(com.) Charles Ledger, an English traveller, who in 1885, 
obtained seeds of » superior kind of Cinchona, which were 
raised with remarkable success in Java ; 

Ledon (Greek), Cistus, name used by Dioscorides , (all :) resem- 
blance in habit and foliage (N. 2/245) ; 

(com.) James Lee, 1715 - 1795, well-known nursery man at 
Hammersmith, London, who did a good deal to popular 
the Linntean system (N. 2/247) ; 

(Latin), Leguminous [from legumen (Latin), pulse •,'\ Family, 
or Order ; 

leioi, rhiea (Greek), flat root; 

(com.) of Sir Charles Lemon, Bart. (Br. 41) ; 

( (Latin), resembling a double convex lens ; 



If 



(Latin), dusty, covered with minute dots as if dusted; 
(Latin), spotttd like a leopard, black or purple-brown on yellow 
or orange ground ; 

(Greek), xvith scaly fruit ; 

(Latin from Greek), lepidote, covered with minnte peltate (q.v.) 

scales ; 
(Latin), neat ; 

(Greek), with rough, or scurfy, fruit ; 
(Latin), lepidote'; 
lepto^, aden (Greek), slender, gland ; (all.) coroca of the corolla 

forming minute processes in the sinus of its lobes ; 
leptos. onux (g. oniichos). Greek), ingign'ijicat.t, clow ; (all :) 

orbicular concave petals without Ihe claw, which is prevalent 

in most allied genera ; 



62 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



lept-op-et-al-a 
lep-toph-yl'-la ... 

lep'-top-us , 

lep'-to8-pa'-dix 

Lep-tos-per-'mum ... 
lep-tos-tach'-ya ... 
Le-schen-ault'-i-a'-na. 
Le-schen-ault'-i-i 
Lett-som'-i-a 

Leu-cse'-na ... 

Len-cad-en'-drum ... 

Leu'-cas 

leu-cod-en'-dron 

len-con-eu'-ra 

leu-oopli-loe'-a 

leu-oopy'-rus 

leu'-coa 

leu-eot'-ricli a 

leu-oox'-yl-on 

Lib'-an-i 

lib'-er 

lib-e'-ric-a 

Lie-n-a'-la 

Ijg'-ne-a 

liff-no'-sa 

lig^Til-a'-tam... 

Iig-u8-tri'-na 
Lig-ns'-tram ... 

li-la'-cin-a 

Li'-lt-a'-ce-se ... 
li'-li-if-lo'-rus 



Li'-ma'.ci-a ... 
lim ba'-ta 
li-met'-ta 
Li-mo' ni-a ... 

li-mo'nirn-ed'-ic a 

li-mo'-mim 
Li-na'-ce-se ... 

Lin'-den-i 
Lin'-den-i-a'-na 

Lind-loy-a'-na 
Lind'-lpy-i 

li-ne-a'-ris 

li-ne-a'-rif-ol'-i-a 
li-ne-a'-ta 



(^Greek), rvith slender petal ; 

(Greek), with slender leaves ; 

(Greek), ivith slender foot, or stalk ; 

(Greek), '>vith slender spadix, or flOwer cluster encloBed in the 

spathe ; 
(Greek), tvith slender seeds ; 
(Greek), icith slender spikes ; 
f (com,) of L. T. Leschenault [(pr. :) Lay-shay-no], 1773 — 1826, 
( French botanist and traveller (N. 2/252) ; 
(com.). John Goakley Ijettsom, is.D., f.s.a., author ofnnmerous 

valuable works [Kox. 1 — 487]: 
leiiukaino (Greek), to whiten ; (all ;) glaucous leaflets and white 

flowers ; 
leiikos, dendron (Greek), ivhite tree ; (all :) silvery white foliage 
(N. 2/:io5) ; 
. letl/cos (Greek), irhite ; (ail :) flowers of all the -species ; 
(Greek), white tree ; 
(Greek), tuhite nerved ; 
(Greek), with white hark ; 
(Greek), with a tuhtte com-grain ; 
(Greek), xvhite, albous, (q.v) ; 
(Greek), tcith white hair ; 
(Greek), with white wood ; 
(loc.) of Mount Lebanon, a high range of hills in the sonth of 

Syria ; 
(Latin), distinct (q.v.) , cr free ; 
■ (loc.) of Liberia, on the Grain Coast of West Africa ; 
(Moluccas), name of the plant; (N. 2/262) ; 

I (Latin), woody, having the texture of wood; 

{La^in), having a lijule (scarions projection where the leaf blade 
joins the sheath (H.);or strap-like, narrow, moderately 
long, with the two opposite margins parallel ; 

(Latin), resembling Privet (ligTistrum) ; 
,. (Latin), name used by Pliny and Yir^il (.N. 2/263; Cass. Lat. 
Die.) , 

(Latin) [from lllds (Persian\the indigo plant,], lilac, pale dull 
purple coloured, mixed with a little white ; 

(Latin), Lily (Ljlium) FaniHy, or order ; 

Itlium, fids (g, floris) (Latin) lily, flower ; it is to be noticed 
that whilst the i is slrort in English, it is long in i^atin ; 
Virgil writes : ''Lilia, verbenasque promens, veflcamque ]iapa- 
ver " (N. 2/353), on much the same priaciple as the differ 
ences in the names Croton, Anemone, Autigouon, and others ; 
.. leimax (Greek), slug : (all :) appearnce of drupes ; 
(Latin), bordered, with a different colour ; 
(Italian), a small lemon ; 

Lemon (Malay) [through limuna (Persian), citron'] (Bon. 240 : 
N. 2/277) ; 
>>. (Latin), lemon citron : more lemon than citron, but compound of 
both ; 
(Latin) [from Persia,«J lemon ; 
(Latin), Flax (Linum) Family, or Order ; 

■■■ \ (com.) of J. Linaen, Belgian horbionltnralist (N. 2/280) ; 

f(com.) of John Lindley, Ph.D., f.r.s., 1799 — 1865, author of 
...J "Introduction to Botauy — Vegetable Kingdom," and 
. .. I numerous other works, including a "Natural system of 

(^ Botany " one of the earliest works on natural orders ; 

... (Latin), linear, with almost parallel edges and length at least 
five times the breadth (H.) ; 
(Latin), vAth linear leaves : 
(Latin), marked 'witJi. iongitudin/al lines (H.) ; 



TRONUNCIATION AND DEEIVATION. 63 

lin-guif-or'-mie ... {Latin), tongue shaped, loi\g, piano convex, and obtuse ; 

( {com.) of Karl von Linn4 [{pr .-) Karl foil Lee-na^ ] alias Carolua 
j Linnaeus, 17(J7- -1778, Swodish botanist and the founder of 
1 boti^nical science, Professor first ol' Medicine and then of 
' Botany at Ujisala in Sweden, author of many works, bat 
I especially of " Systema Natura>, " " Fnndamenta botunica " 
Lin-nas-a'-nnm ...J aud " Genera Phintanmi," wliich between them revolution- 

Lin-naj'-i ... ... | ized botany as tlien known, and w.as the starting point of 

, the science since then (Knc. Brii.) ; his sou Karl, 1740 — 1783, 
bet^an to help his father in 17G3, and wrote several works, 
I helping in Aiton's " Hortus K^wensis " ; the works of father 
I and son were sold by the latter's mother to Sir J. E. Smith, 
l^ first president of the Liunivan Society ; 

Lin-oc-i'-e-ra ... linon, Keiria {Greek), linen bandage; (all) : consistency and form 

of leaves ; 
Lip'-ar-is ... ... liparos {Greek), Smooth like oil ; (aU :) -shining surface of leaves, 

(N. 2/283) ; possibly, lipares {Oretk), clingino *o (tW :) habit 

of clingiug to rocks and trees ; 

Lip'-pi-a ... ... {com.) Augustu.t Lippt [(pr :) 0-f!oos-tx)n8 Leep-pee], French 

physician and traveller in .Abyssinia (N. 2/284) ; 
Li-'ri-od-on'-di'on ... Iffirion dendron {Greek), lil}f trte ; {cdl :) apjjecwance of th« 

flowors (N. 2/285) ; 
lis-soph-yl'-la ... (Greek), smooth leaved ; 

lit'-chi ... ... (C/i»ite«£), name of the plant ; 

lith-os-per'-ma ... [Greek], stony seeded; 

Lit-sae'-a ... ... {Japane.te), nam^- of the plant (X. f/287) ; 

lit-tor-a'-lis ... ... (Latin), pertaining to the sea shore ; 

liv'-id-us ... ... {Latin), livid, dull yellow clouded with greyish, brownish, and 

bluish tints ; 
Liv-ing sto'-ne-i ... {earn.) David Livingstone, 1813— 1813, Scotch missionarj' and 

celebrated traveller and explorer in Africa; 
Liv>is-to'-na ... ... {loc.) P. Murray of Livingston, iiepr Kdinbiurgh(N'. 2/287) ; 

Lla'-ve-a ... ... {com.) M. la Llave, [(pr :) lar-Lar-vcrJ discoverer of the plant, 

{N. 2/2SS) ; 
lob-a'-ta ... ... {Latin], lobed, having divisions extending not more than half 

way down ( H.) ; 
Lo-be'-li-a ... ... (com.) JfaitWas de i'ObeZ, 1538-1610, botanist and physician to 

King Jame.^ I (X. '2/2S'J.; 
loc-ul-o'-sa ... ... {Latin), partitioned, divided by internal partitions into cells ; 

Lod-6-i'-ce-a ... ... {loc.) Laodicea [after Laodice, daughter of Priam, last King of 

Troy,] said to be altered therefrom (N. 2/293) : .possibly 
from lodix (gen. lodicis), a rug ; {all -.) thick fibrous husk of 
the huge fruit : or a^ain from Lakkadivicea (toe.) pertaining to 
the Lakkadivi Islands, where (and in the Maldives, Seychelles) 
it is found ; 
Lod-di-ge'-si-i... ... {com.) Konrad Loddiges [(pr .-) Cone rart Load-deeg-gaze 

founder of a once celebrated nursery at Hackney, London 
(><. 2/2f*2), author of " Botanical Cabinet," 1812— ] 833 ; 
Log-an'-i-a'-ce-ae ... (corn.) {Latin), Logania [fron) James Logan, 1674, — 1751, born in 
Ireland, afterwards Governor- of Peunsylvania U.S.A., and a 
writer on botar.y (N^. 2/292)^ Family, or Order ; 
Lo-ma' ri-a ... ... loma {Greek), an edge ; {all :) position of the sporangia on the 

fronds (N. 2/293); 
lon-ga'-na ... ... longdn {Malayan), name of the tree (McL. 3/436) ; 

long-if-lo'-ra ... ... {Latin), with long flowers; 

long-if-ol'-i-a ... ... (Latin), with long leaves ; 

long'-ip-es ... ... (Latin), with a long foot stolk -. 

long-is'-path-us . (Latin), with a long spathe, or bract covering the inflorescence ; 
long-is-pi'-na ... .. (Latin), icith long spines ; 

long-is'-sim-a . ... (Latin), very long ; 

long'-um ... ... (Latin), long ; 

Lon-ic-e'-ra ... ... (com.) Adam L onitz er [{Tpr :) Ar-darm Loan-eet-zair], 1528 — 

1586, German botanist (N. 2/296) ; 
lon-ic-e'-ro-i'dea ... {qxiasi-Qreek), resembling Honeysuckle (Lonicera) j 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



loph-aoth'-a ... 
Loph-op-eb'-al-um ... 

Lo-ran th-a'-ce-ae 
lo-ranth'-if-ol'-i-a 
Lo-raatb'-us ... 
lo-ra'-tus 

lo-tif-ol'-i-a ... 

lu'-cens 

Lu -ci-EB 

lu'-cid-a 
Lu-i'-si-a 

In'-mi-a 
Lum-nitz'-e'-ra 

In-na'-ta 
la-Dul-a'-fca ..; 
lup-ul-i'-nus ..^ 

In'-rid-a 
lu'-rid-o-san-guin'-e-a 

lu'-te-a 

lu'-te-ol-a-ln-tes'-cena. 

Lnv-un-ga 

lyc-i-o-i-des ... 



lyc-op-er'-sic-if-ol'-ia. 
lyo-op-er-Bi c-ae-for'- 

mie. 
L vc-op-od'-i-a'-ce-se . . . 
Lyc-op-od'-i-um 

Lyg-o'-di-um 
lyi-a'-tus 

Lyth-ra-ce-as 

Ma-ba 
Mac-ad-am-i-a 

Mac-af-ee-a-na 
Mac-ai-an-ga 

Mac-Arth-ur-i-i 
Mac-fad'-yen-a ... 

Mach-i'-l-us ... 

Mao-Leod-i-i 
Mac-iae-i 

mac-ran'-tha ... 

mac-roc'-al-yx 

mac-roc-ar'-pus 

mac-ropk-yl'-la 

mac-iop'-od-a 

mac-roB-per'-ma 

mec-ros-tach'-y-a 



(Greek), crest flowered ■ 

lophos, petalon [Greek), crest, petal; (all:) the ore8tied uppex* 

surface of the per.sistent petals ; 
(Latin), Mistletoe (Loranthus and Viscnm) Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), ivith leave like Loranthus ; 

loron, antJios (Greek), thong, flower ; (all :) shape of the flowers ; 
Latin, (trom Greek), thong like, narrow, moderately long, with 

two opposite margins parallel, same as ligulate (q.v.) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like Birds-foot-trejoil (Lotus) : 
(Latin), shining : 
(com.) of Madame Lucie Savatier [(pr :) mar-dann Lys-ee Sar- 

var-tee-yay] (N. 3/645) ; 
(Latin), bright ; 
(com.) Don Luis de Torres [(pr-.) Don Loo-eez day Tor rayze], 

Spanish botanist (N. 2/301) ; 
(Italian) , sweet lemon ; 
(com.) Lunitzer [(pr :) Loom-neet-zair], German botanist 

author of " Flora Posouensis," (Ch.) : 
(Latin), half -moon shaped, or crescent shaped (H.) : 
(Latin), lunate on a small scale ; 
(Latin), having waxy, glohules such as are found on the female 

flowers of the Hop (Humulus) s 
(Latinl, lurid, dirty brown somewhat clouded; 
(Latin), lurid sanguine, dirty brown passing through dnll red 

to blackish ; 
(Latin), yellow, like gam bodge ; 
(Latin), pjle yellow, like | ale gamboge ; 
lavanya (Sanskrit) cutting; (all:) acid juice of the fruit, 

pungent oil of the plant gonorally, and the thorns ; 
(Greek), like the Box Thorn (Lyciam) [name given by Theoph- 

lastiis to tho Rhaniuua which it somewhat resembles (N. 2/ 

306)]. 
(Latin), with leaves like Tomato (LyoiipersicQiu) ; 
(Latin), of the shape and appearance of a Tomato (Lycopersi- 

cum) ; 
(Latin), Club Mobs (Lycopodinm), Family, or Order; 
(lukos, pous (g podos) (Greek), wolf, foot ; (all :) resemblance 

of roots to woif's paw (N. 2/307) ; 
lugodes (Qree\) , Jiexihle -, (all-.) flexible habit (N. 2/308) ; 
(Latin) lyre shiped, similar to pandunforni (q.v.), but with 

several sinuses on either side ; 
(Latin), Loosestrife, (Lythrum) [from luthron (Greek), blach 

bloud ; (all :) colour of flowers, (N. 2/311)] Family, or Order ; 

(Tonga Islands), native oame of tho plant (N. 2/311) ; 

(com.) Jciin MacAdam, m.d., Secretary of the Philosophical 

Institute, Victoria, Australia (N. 2/311) ; 
(com) of Macafee (N. 1/7) ; 
Makaranga (Sanskrit), monkeii's body; (aW :) fruit : name of 

the plant (McL. 3/1012; N" 5/570) ; 
(com,) of Mac Arthur , an Australian Collector ; 
(com.) James Macfadyen. m.d , author of " Flora of Jamaica, " 

1837 (N. 5/570) ; 
Mache, eile (Greek), strife, crowds (all:) doubtfal ; possibly 

large inflorescence, or numerons stamens ; 
(cow.) of Macleod ; 
(com ) of Macrae, botanist whose efforts were mostly directed 

to the West Coast ; 
(Greek), with long flowers ; 
(Greek), loith a long calyx; 
(Greek), with long fruit ; 
(Greek), with long leaves ; 
(Greek), vtith long foot stalk ; 
(Greek), ivith long seeds ; 
(Greek), ^uith a long sptke of flowers ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DKRIVATION. 



65 



muo-ro8.tem'-ma 
Mar-roz-a'-uii-a 



tnac-ul-ii'-^ll ... 

mac-ul-o'-sntn 

nia-<lab-lot-a' 

iiia<l-ag-as-car-i-eii' 

mad-ras-pat'-a-na 

mad-ras-pat-on'-sis, 

inad-ur-en'-sis 

Miu'-ru-a 

Miu'-sa • 
mag-nif'-ic-a... 
Masr-no'-li-a ... 



Mag-uo'-lia'-ce-a> 

Mah-ag-o'-ni... 

Mai'-ae 

ma'-jor 

ina-jus'-cul-a .. 

Mak-oy-a'-na... 

mal-ab-a'-rica 

nia]-;ib-ath'-ric!-um 

mal-ac-cen'-sis 



Mal-lo'-tus ... 

Mal-or'-ti-e-a'-nus 
Malpi-pi'-ghi-a 



M al-pi-ghi-a'-ce-ae 
Ma'-lus 



mal-va'-ce-a ... 
Mal-va'-ce-se... 
Maii-dev-il'-la 

Man-e'tt-ti-a... 



Mang-if'-er-a 
Mang-os-ta'-na 
man-ic-a'-t-a .. 



Man'-i-hor 



Map-pi-a 
Mar-an'-'ua 



... {CliP''k), with a long corona 

Makron, 'lamia (Urtek), long, Zamia [{Greek) l0f,8, applied by 

Pliny to i)arrcn |)iiie cones, and by Linnueua to this species; 

(all :) bterilo appearance of the male trnctiticaiion (N. 4/230) j; 

l<dl :) .-ilUnity, and laigur habit (N. 2/314) ; 

... ) (Latin), blotched, marked with different coIoufh disposed in 

...5 iToad irregular ijlotcbes ; 

mddluivi, lata (Sannkrlt), .''■priug J'loiier, creeper: 
sis. (toe.) 0/ Madagascar, i.sland oft" the South East Coast of Africa ; 

? (loc.) pi-rtaining to Madras 

(loc.) pertaining to Madu7-a district ; 
... Mem (Arihic), name of the plant (N. 2/314); possibly con- 
nected with Mehr (Arabic), the tun ; (all -.) habit ; 
Maas (Arabic), name of one of the species (N. 2/314) ; 
(Latiri), Magnificent; 
... (com.) f'ietre Magnol [(pr. :) Pee-yair Mar iiyoh^], 16.X8— 1715, 
Professor of Medicine, and t'rofessor of the Botaitic Garden at 
Mountpellier in the south of France (.N". 2/313) ; 
(Latin), Magnolia Family, or Order ; 

Mahoijuny (Central American), names of the plant ; doabtful ; 
. . (com.) 0/ Ma:, tlie christian name of Mrs. Bourdillon, the dis- 
coverer of the species ; 

(Latin), greater ; 
(Latin), Sofneivhat hi'jger; 
... ^(com.) of Makoy (N. 1,237) ; Collector in Tropical America; 

i (loc.) of Malabar District, or the adjoining country ; 

(loc.) of Malacca, on the South West Coast of the Malay 
peninsula ; the Straits of Malacca separate the Malay penin- 
sula from Sumatra ; and the Straits Settlements are the 
Biitish Colonies to the north with headquarters at Singapore; 
MalLata (Nepalese), name of the tree (McL. 3/404) ; ot mallotos 
((Week), fleecy; (all:) fruit of some species (N. 5;512); 
perhaps both ideas are embodied in the name ; 

(com.) B Von Malortie (pr:) fon Mar loar tee] of Hannover 
(N. 2/318); 

(com.) Mareello Maipig hi [(pr :) Mavi chel lo Marl pee ghee] 
1628— 16y4, Italian naturalist and Professor at Bologna in 

, Italy (N. 2/318) ; 

(Latin), Barbados Cherry (Malpigia) Family, or Order; 

[Latin), an appletree, word used by Virgil (Cass. Lat. Die); 
[cf. Mdlo, 1 would rather be, Mdlo, in an apple tree, Mdlo 
than a bad man, Mdlo, iu adversity, of school boy rhymes] ; 

(Latin), Mauve, purple with a tinge of blue; ^ 

.. (Latin), Malloiv (Malva, [word used by Cicero]) Family or Order; 

(coon.) H. J. Mandeville, a British Minister at Buenos Ayrts iu 
Argentine of S. America, (N. 2/ 322) ; 

(com.) Xavicr Manetti [(pr :) Yar vee yair Mar net tee]. Pre- 
fect of the Botanic Gardens at Floience in Italy in the middle 
of the 18th century (N 2/323); 

(quasi-Lafm), Mingo bearing; 

Mang, gusta (Malayan), name of the tree (McL. 3,467) ; 

(Latin), Sleeve-like, having an indumentum of matted scales or 
pubescence 30 thick and interwoven that it can be slipped 
oft" like a sleeve (H) ; with a blue corona that looks like a 
sleeve ; 

(Brazilian), name o£, the genus, which includes the Tapioca and 
Ceara (often mis pronounced as Ceara) Rubber plants (N. 2/ 
323) ; 

... '^ (com.) Barthol Maranti [(pr :) Barr tole. Mar rarn tee], Vene- 
... > tian Botanist, died 1754 (N. 2/326) ; 



66 



PRONUNCIATION AND DKKIVATION. 



Mar-at'-tia ... 

M ar-at' -ti-a'-ce-so 
mar-c€^s'-cens... 

mar-giia-a'-lia 
mar-gin-a'-ta 

m ar-gin'-'ul-a'-ta 
mar-it'-im-a ... 
mar-me-los ... 
M ar-mor-a^tu 
Ma-ro-go'-gipe 

ma-ro' -ni-en'-se 

Mars-den' -i-a... 

Mars-n'-pi-nm 
niar-tab-an'-ic-a 
Mar-tl-a'-na ... 



Mar-ti-ne'-zi.a 
Mas-san'-ge-a'-na 
Mas-tix'-i-a' ... 



max -im-a 

Max-im-il'-i-a'-na 



me-de'-ol-6-i'-dS8 

med'-i-a 
me'-dic-a 

med'-ic-a 
Me-dic-a'-go ... 

me'-dic-o-li -mo' -ncm . 

Me-din-il'-la 



med-i-o-pio'-ta 
med-Til-lo'-saus 



meg-al-ox'-yc-ar'-pa. 
meg'-ap-ot-am'-ic-a. 



meg-as-tig'-ma 
Mel-al-eu'-ca 

mel'-an-ocar'-pa 
mel'-an-oph-lce'-a 
mel-an-ox'-yl-on 
niel'-as 



(com.) J. F. Marai/i [(pr :) Marr rart tee], Italian botanist, 

author of " De fioribus filioum " 1760 (N. 2/327) ; 
(Latin), Marattia Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), marcescent, witheriug without falling off, as with some 

corollas (H.) ; 
(Latin), marginal, fixed upon the edge of any organ ; or edged; 
(Latin), marginate, having a border distinct as to texture or 

appearance (H) ; [narrower than limbatus] ; 
{Latin), Slightly marginate ; 
(Latin), growing on the sea coast (H.) ; 
(Poj-tuguese), conserve of quinces, (Nutt) ; 

(Latin), marhled, marked with veins and shades of colour (H) ; 
(loc.) Name of a town in Bahia, an Atlantic State in Brazil, 

S. America (Enc. Brit.) ; 
(loc.) oj the Maroni River, in Dutch Gniana (Surinam) in the 

North East of S. America (N. 2/454); 
(com.) William Marsden, f.r.s., 1754— 1836, author of " History 

of Sumatra " (N. 2/329) ; 
(Latin), a pouch or hag ; (all :) fruit ; 
(lor.) of Martaban, in Burma; 

(com.) Br. Von Martins [(pr :) fon Marr-tee-oos], Bavarian 
traveller, and co-author (with Spix) of " Travels in Brazil," 
1823 ; 
(com.) Balthassar Martinez [(pr :) Rarl-tars-sarr-Marr-tee- 

naize], Spanish naturalist (N. 2/330) ; 
(com.) of M. Massange de Louvrex [(pr :) Mar-sarnzher der Loo- 

vray], distinguished Belgian horticidtm-alist (N .2/33.^) ; 
mastix (g. mastlgos) (Oreelc), whip, or scourge ; (all :) bracteate 
inflorescence of some species ; 
(Latin), very large ; 

(com.) Maximilian I, King of Bavaria, from its majestic appear- 
ance (N. 2/389) ; [Emperor of Brazils, who was assassinated 
brother of the Emperor of Austria] ; 
(Oreelc), resembling medeola [from Medeia (Qreek), an enchan- 
tress ; (all :) supposed medicinal properties of this lily (N. 2/ 

(Latin), middle, or intermediate between two other species ; 

medikos (loc. and Greek), of Media, a portion of Persia between 
the Caspian Sea and Araxes or Aras Eiver (N. 4/353) ; 

medicus (Latin), cwative (N. 4/353) ; 

Medike (Greek), name given by Dioscorides to a Median erass, 
(N. 2/341); " 

(quasi- Latin), citron-lemon, more citron than lemon, but 
compound of both ; 

(com.) J. de MediniUa [(pr : ) May-dee-nee-lja] of Pineda, 
Governor of the MarianHe,or Ladrone, Islands in the North 
Pacific Ocean, belonging to Spain (N. 2/341) ; 

(Latin), as if painted about the middle (H.) ; ♦ 

(Latin), medullary, or pithy, filled with pith, or spongy cellular 
tissue ; medullary rays (a]so called Silver grain) are fine 
lines of cellular tissue radiating from the central cellular 
column of pith in exogenous plants to the bark through the 
woody and vascular tissue ; 

(Greek), having a large sour fruit ; 

mags, potan os (Greek), big, River ; (all -.) Rio Grande (which 
means Big River) or Para Eiver, the head stream of the 
Parana River, in Brazil ; [See note to Ilevea]; 

(Greek), having a big stigma ; 

melas, leukos (Greek), black, ivhite ; (all :) trunk is black, 
branches white (N. 2/343) ; 

(Greek), having a black fruit ; 

(Greek), having a black bark ; 

(Greek), having black wood ; 

(Greek) [g-melanos'\, atrous (q.v.), black; 



PRONTTNCrATTON AND PKRIVaTION. 67 

Mol-as'-toin-a ... Mrlat), stoma (^reak), black mouth ; (_all :) bemefl, wli«n oaten 

s^ain the mouMi (N. 2/345) ; 
Mel-as'-tom-a'-oe-io. (Latin), Melastoma Family, oi- Order ; 
Mol-han -la ... (loc.) Mount Melhan h\ Arabia, Foli.x, whero ^he first species was 

discovered (N. 2/3 lo) ; 
Mol-i-a ... ... M<"lia (Qreel,), the Ash tree; {all:) resemblance of its leaves; 

often, inoorrect.ly prononi.'ced as if the e were long ; 
Mol-T-a'-ce-no ... {Latin), Bead Tree (iliAia) Family, or Order ; 

mel-i-aD-fol'.i-a ... (Latin), with leaves like the Bead Tree (melia) ; 
Mel-t-anth'-ns ... Meli, anthos (Oreek), noneii,fower ; (all :) calyces full of honey, 

(N. 2/346) ; 

Mel-io'-op-e ... meli, Kope (Greek), honey, division ; (all:) four honey glands at 

the base of the ovary (N. 2/346) ; 
Mel-T-os'-raa ... Tneli, Ssme (Qreek), honey, scent; (all:) fragrauce of the 

floWlTS ; 

Me-loc-ac'-tas ... melon, kaktrs (Oreek), melon, spiny plant; (all:) shape and 

nature (N. 2/347) ; 
Me-lo'-chi-a ... m,eloi(cho.t (Qreek), a girdle that confines the breasts ; (all :) stamens 

united into a tube only at the base of the ovary, not forming 

a tube througliout as in most allied genera ; 
me-long-en-a ... (Greek), producing a melon like fruit ; 

me-lo-nif-or'-mis ... (Latin)^ melon shaped, irregularly spherical, with projecting 

ribs; 
mem-bran-a'-ce-us... (Latin), memhranous (not as applied to leaves, for which See 

Jierbaceous) , like a fine membrane, thin and transparent ; 
me-me'-cyl-if-ol'-i-us. (^Latin), having leaves like Memecylon ; 
Me-me'-oyl-on ... (Greek), name used by Uioscorides for the frnit of the Arbutus ; 

(N. 2/351) ; (all :) not explained ; according to Nicholson : 

bat the Arbutus is arboreous and closely allied to the 

Bilberry, and the fruit and leaves of tlie ilemecylon some- 
what resemble those of the Bilberry, hence the name " Tree 

Bilberry." 
mem-no'-ni-us ... (Latin), hroicn-black; 
men'-as-n ... ... (Molucca), name of the plant, probably, bat doubtful ; 

men-is'-co-i'-de-us .. (G'eek), Watch-glass- shaped, round, convex on the lower 

surface, concave on the upper ; 

Me'-nis-per-ma'-ce-a3. (Latin), Moonseed (menispei'mum [from mene , sperma (Greek), 

moon, seed ; (all :) shape of the seed (N. 352)]) Family, or Order ; 

mer-gu-en'-sis ... (loc.) pertaining to Mergui, a district of Tenassei im in Burmah ; 

Me*i'i-an'-dra .. men a, aner (g. andros) (Greek), thigh bones, male; (aW :) short 

stout stamens ; 
Mer-kn'-si-i ... (com.) of Merkusius ; 

Me'-su-a ... (com.) Mesue, two celebrated Arabian pliysicians and botanists 

who flourished at Darnasous in the 8uh and 9th centuries, 

mSc. 2 '361); 
met-al'-lic-a ... (L«<iw). brownish nurple with a. metallic lustre; 

Me'-tel ... ... Alet7ieZ'(.4ra/nc), name of the plant (E.D. 3/39); 

naex-ic-an-a ... (loc), pertaining to Mexico, the Southern portion of North 

America ; 
Mez-on-en-rum ... me sSs, neuron {Greek), middle nervs; (aW:) joint of the legume 

expanded into a wing (Oh.) ; 
mio'-ans ... ... (Latin), shining ; 

Mi-che-li-a ... ... (com.) Pietro Antomo Michele [(pr :) Pee-yay-tro arn to 

nee-vo meek-ay-liy, 1679 — 1773, a celebrated botanist of 

Florence in Italy (N. 2/362) , 
mis-ci'an'-tha ... (Greek), small floivercd; 

mi-or-ob-ul'-boa .. (Greek), with a small bulb ; 
mi-croc-ar'-pa ... (Greek), with small fruit ; 
mi-croc-epb'-al-a ... (Greek), with a small head of flowers ; 
mi-croc'-or-ys ... (Greek), ivith a small helmet ; 

mi'-eroc-os ... ... m,ikros, kosmos {Greek), small ornament; (nil') invcSnore 

below flowers : 
mi-crog-los'-sa ... (Greek), wHh a small tongue, or a,Y>pe))<ia,ge , 

5.A 



68 



PRONUNCIATION ANP DERIVATION. 



Mi-crom-e'-lmn 

mi-oroph-yl'la 
mi-cros-tach'-y -a 
Mi-crot'-rop-is 
Mid-dle-to'nia-na 
Mi-li-u'-sa 

Mil-let'-ti-a ... 

Mil-ling-to'-ni-a 

Mi-mo'-sa 

Mi-mo'-see 

mi-mo'-eo-i'-dgs 
Mi-mnl-us 

Mi-mns-6ps ... 

min i-a'-ta 

min'-or 

min-ij'-tif-lo'-ra 
Mi-quel'-i-a ... 

Mi-quel'-i-i 
mi-ra'-bil-e 
Mis-canth'-us ... 

Misch'-od-on ... 

mis-si-o'-nis ... 

mi'a-ta 

mi-tis 

Mit-re'-phor-a 

mo-ac-bir'-ro-i-des' 

Mod-ec'-ca 

mod-i-ol-'or'mis 

mol-es'-ta 

Mol'-le 

mol'-le 

mol-lis-sim-a ... 
mol-Hi'-g in-if - ol'-i-a 

aiol-nc-ca'-na 



mon-ac-anth'-a 
mon-an'-dra ,.. 



rniJcrca, melon (Grsek), amall small succulent fruit ; (all :) small 

berry ; 
(QreeTc), with small leaves ; 
(Greek), with a small spike of flowers ; 
viikros, tropis (Greek), small, ship's keel ; (all :) fruit ; 
(com.) 0/ middleton ; 
Derivation uncei-t.ain, perhaps meilisso (Greek), to soothe ; (all -.) 

velvetty orgrans ; 
(nam.) J. A. Millet f (pr :) mee-vay], i^rench botanist of the 18th 

century (N. 2/366) ; 
(com.) Thomas Millin^jfon. English botanist of the 1 8th century 

writer on Vegetable physiology (N. 2/866) ; 
mtTnos (Greek) 'm.imic; (aZ?:) leaves sensitive and fold upon 

being touchei (N. 2/.370) : 
(Latin), Mimosa suh-order of the Leguminosae Family, or Order; 
(Greek'i, resem,hlig the sesitive plant (mimosa) j 
mimulus (Latin), a small ape; (all:) ringent corolla 

(N. 2/370; ; 
Mimos, ops (Greek), ape, face ; (all :) form of the corolla 

(N. 2/371) ; 
(Latin), ver')nilion, scarlet with an adaiixtnre of yellow 

[between corci^ieus, and cinnaharinus'] ; 
(Latin), smaller ; 
(Latin), with miinute Jlowers ; 

(com..) Fried/rich Anton Wilhelm Miguel [(pr.) Free-dreek Arn- 
tou Vil-helm Mee-kell.] 1811 — 1871 noted German botanist 
iinrl pli3^6ician, professor of botany itt Utrecht in Holland ; 
(com.) of F. A. W. Miguel : 
(Latin), wonderful ; 
miskos, anthos (Greek), stem, Jioiver ; (all:) the tall stems, 

(N 2/372); 
mischo [late form of mi'jnumi], odous (g. odontoa) (Greek), to 

m.ingle, tooth ; (all :) form of the ovary and capsule ; 
(Latin), «f the mission : alluding sometimes to the collectionn 
of Heyiie, Klein and Rottler of the Tranquebar mission in 
the herbarinra of Wallich : 
(Latin), mixed, or confused ; 
(Latin), mild, free from harshness, soft ; 
mitre, phoreo (Greek), mitre, to bear; (iZi:) outer petals cohere 

and .-^re vaulted, resembling a mitre ; 
(qnasi-(rreefc), resembling moacurra (Chailletia gelonioides) 

\_moa)tu/rra BennaW] ; 
vnodikka (Telugu), name of the plant (McL. 3/662; N. 

2/375) ; 
(Latin), nave shaped, hollow, round, depressed, with a veiy 

narrow orifice ; 
(Latin), troublesome ; in the case of Memecylon it upsets the 

system of arrangement adopted; 
MuHi (Peruvian) ; native name for Peruvian Mastic tree 

(Schinus) ; 
(Latin), soft ; 
(Latin), very soft ; 
(Latin), icith leaves like Indian Ghickweed (mollugo) [name used 

by Pliny (Br. 14) j ; 
(loc.) pertaining to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, in the Indian 
Archipelago between Celebes and Papua, of which Gilolo, 
Ternate, Amboyna, Ceram, Burn and Banda are the most 
important ; more broadly speaking, the Molucca Islands of 
the Indian Archipelago include also Borneo groap, Jav.a 
group, Sumatra group, Lesser Sunda group and the Celebes 
group, as well ; 
(Greek), ivith one thorn ; 
(Greek), ^dth one stamen ; 



PEONDNCIATIOW AND JjEKIVATION. 



69 



nion-an'-Um ... 
mon-i'-lif-or'-nais 

mou-oc-ar'-pns 
,nion.og'-yii-nm 
mou-oi'-oa 

mon-oph-yl'-la 

mon-os-per'-ma 

mon-os'-por-a 

mon-os-tig'-ma 

mon-spel'-i-en'-sis 

Mon'-8ter-a 



mon-8tro'-Ba 

luon-ta'-na 

Mon-ta'-fio-a 

Mon-tez n'-moo 

Moon-i-a'-na 
Moon'.i-i 
Mo-ra'-ce-fc ... 



T 



Mor-ol'-la 



Mo-iind-'a 






Mor-ing'-a 



Mor-ing-a'-ce-ie 
Mo'-rus ^ .,^ 

mo-sa'-io.us ... 
inos-cha'-ta ... 
niu ci'o-na'-ta 

mu-co'-sa 

Mu-cu'-na 
Muehl-en-beck'-i-a 

mul-tif'-id-nm 

niul-tif-lu'-ia 
mu l-til-oc-nl -a'-re 
mul'-tip-lex ... 
mul'-fcus 
Mua'-dn-le-a 

Mnn'-gos 
Mun-io'-rii-a • 



. . \Urcelc), with a sunjle lloiver ; 

(Latin), necklaic shaped, cyliudrical or terete, contracted at 

regular intervals ; 
{Greek), with one fruit, or once trniting only ; 
{Greek), with ovc jnstil; 
. {Greek), monacious, having stamens and pistil on separate 
flowers on tlie same plant (H.) ; 
{Greek), with one leaflet; 

\ (Greek), with one seed ; 

(Greek), ivith one stigma; 

(loc.) of Montpellier [(pr:) Morng-pel-lee-yay], capital of the 

department of H^rault in the South cf France ; 
. rnonstrum (Latin), a prodigy; (all :) carious appearance with its 

perfoliate leaves and considerable size as a climber •, and 

delightful pine-applo-likc fruit j 
(Latin), unusual, either exceedingly large, or a monstrosity ; 
(Latin), grorcing on the mountains ; 
. (com.) Montdno [(pr:] Mon-tar-nyo a Mexican i^oliticiau, 

(N.2/;380)j 
(com.) of Mcntezuma, an Avtec war-cliief or Emperor of Mexico 

at the time of the Spanish conquest, 1 i77 — 1520; 
) (corn.) of Moon, a botanist in Ceylon; author of "Catalogue 
> of Plants uf Ceylon "(Ch:); 
(Latin) Mulberry (Morus) Family, or Order ; Nicholson, probably 

by a slip, makes the first syllable short, whilst making that 

of Morus long ; 
viorelle (French), solanum or Nightshade ; (all:) similarity of 

fruit to some species ; 
Morus, indiacus (Latin), Mulberry, indian ; (all :) mode of forma- 
^ / tion of the compound fruit (N. 2/S83) ; here again Nicholson 

makes the iirst syllable short ; but morinda, having the first 

syllable short,, is the Hindustani namr', and possibly the 

derivation is therefrom ; or, as frequently happens, the two 

ideas conjointly taay have, been conveyed in the specific 

name ; 
Murinna (Malayalam), name of the plant; corrujDted into 

.Moringa (N. 2/384; McL. 3/518) ; the Tamil name is 

Muringai ; 
(Latin), Drumstihk tree (Moringa) Family, or Order ; 
Morus (Latin), name used by Ovid (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; first 

syllable long ; 
(Latin^, tessellated ; 

(Latin), smelling of musk, or other allied aroma ; 
(Latin), mucronate, abruptly terminated by a hard sharp 

point ; which is a continuation of the costa ; 
(Laiin), slimy, covered with a slimy secretion, or with a coat 

that is readily soluble in water, and becomes slimy ; 
(Brazilian), name of the plant (N. 2/389) ; 
(com.) Dr. H. G. Muehlenbeck [(pr :) Myl-eu-bekj, 1798—1845, 

physician of Switzerland (N. 2/389) ; 
(Latin), multifid, divided into many lobes or segments, more 

than half way down the surface from the edge (H.) ; 
(Latin') having many flowers ; 
(Latin), many celled ', 
(G, multiplicity) (Latin), manifold ; 
(Latin), many ; 
Mv/nduli (African) ground nut (Arachis hypogsea); (all:) 

appearance of the plant ; 
(Latin), mungooae, or anything supposed to kill snakes ; 
(coin.) Lieut. Muuro, 30th Foot, an Indian botanist (Ch.) j 
(,W.A,I.) ; Wight called him such about 1835, or eight years 
after the death of the great Sir Thomas Munro ; 



70 



I-EONUNCIATION aXD DEEIVATIOX. 



Mnn-ro'-ni-l 
tim-ric-a'-ta 

mu-ri'-nus 
Miir-rav'-a 



Mnr-ray'-i 

Mu-ra-cn'-ja 

Mu'-sa 



Mn-sa'-ic-a ... 

mns-cu'-sa 

mus-ca-rif-or'-mis 

Mn-.saBii'-da ... 

mu-ta'-biWs ... 
mut'-ic-nm ... 

Mn-ti'-8i-i 

My-op'-or-a'-ce-6e 
jny-op'-or-6-i'-des 
My-cp'-or-DDi 

Alyr-ic-o-i-des 
]\Iyr'-ic-a 
my'-ri-os-tach-'y-a 
Myr-is'-tic-a 

Myr-is'-tic-a'-ce-S3 

Myr-sin-a-'ce-as 

Myr'-sine 

Myr-ta'-ce-se 

myr'-tif'-ol-i-um 

Myr'-lus 

My-hen'-dr-aj 

my-80-re)i'-8e 

Jlys- tax 

myx'-a 

Myx-op-y'-rum 



Na'-gi ... 

Nan-di'-na 

na'-num 

Nan'-noih-opB 
nap-au-leu'sis 
na-pif-or'-tnis 
Nar-av-e-li-a 



Na-reg-am'-i-a 
na'-rnm 
na-tal-en'-sis ... 



Nat-'si-at-um 



(com.) of Lieut. Munro ; 

(Latm), muricate, covered with short sharp points, or hard 

excrescenses (X. 2/391) ; 
(Latiu), mouse coloured, grey with a touch of red ; 
{com.) John Andreiv Murray, 1740 — 1791, Swedish botanist,^ 

pupil of Linna?u8, and Professor of Medicine and Botany 

at the University of Gottingen in Hannover (N. 2/391) ; 
(com.) of J. A. Murray ; 
{Brazilian), name of the plant (Br. 87) ; 
Mauz {Arabic) name of the plant, altered by Linnfens so as 

to be called after Antonius Musa, physician of Augustus, 

(K. 2/391) ; 
{Latin), resembling the plantain (Musa) ; 
{Latin), Mossy, with curly, green, straplike appendages; 
{Latin), brush fihajied, a slender body furnished with long hairs 

at the end ; 
Mv.ssanda {Singhalese), name of the plant (N". 2/400 ; McL. 

3/516) ; 
{Latin), changeable ; 
{Latin), pointless {N. 2/401) ; used in conti'adistinction to other 

things that are pointed in some way or other; 
(cowi.) of J. 0. Mutis, 1732 — J 808, South Ameiican botanist, 

(JST. 2/401) ; 
{Latin), Myoporum Family, or Order; 
{Greek), resembling Myoporum ; 
mlo, poros {Greek), to be closed, pore ; {all -.) transparent spots 

on the leaves (N. 2/402) ; 
{(jhreek), resembling Candleberri/ Myrtle (Myrica)j 
Murike {Greek), Tamarisk, name used by Homer (N. 2/404) ; 
{Greek), nith countless spikes of flowers ; 
■/nuristikos {Greek), smelling of myrrh [muro7i {Greek)] ; {all :) 

aroma of the plauts (if, 2/405) ; 
{Latin), 'Nutmeg (Myristica) Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), Myrsine Family, or Order ; 
Mursine {Greek), Myrtle name given by Dioscorides ; {all :) 

somewhat similar looting gland dotted leaves (N. 2/405) ; 
{Latin), Myrtle (myrtusj Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), with le'Jves like nujrile (myrtus); 
murtos {Greek), name of the plant (F. 2/406) ; 
{loc.) Mahendra Hills of Ganjam or Tinnevelly districts ; 
{loc.) pertaining to Mysore ; 

{Mulayalam) [corm-ption oi mdtirakkanni], name of the plant ; 
muxa {Greek), "phlegm, or 'mucus ; {all :) mucilaginous pulp of 

the berry ; 
muxa, plros {Greek), mucus, grain of corn : {all :) fruit with 

horny albumen ; 

{Chinese, or Japanese), name of the plant (N. 2/404) ; 

nandin {Japanese), name of the plant (N. 2/408); 

(Latin), dioarf; small, short, dense, as compared with other 
species of the same genus ; 

ndnoo, ihups {Greek), dwarf, low sliruh ; {-^11 :) habit (N. 2/408) ; 

{loc.), of Nepal ; 

{Latin), turnip shaped, depressed spherical, pointed at the base ; 

■iiardvel {Sinyhaleae) from ndra, valli {Sanskrit), grey hair 
climber; {all:) pubescence and habit), name of the plant 
(N. 2/409) ; 

narakam {Malayalatn), naine of the plant (McL. 3/539) ; 

narum pdnal {Mulayalam), name of the plant ; 

{loc,) pertaining to Natal [so called by Vasco da Gama who 
discovered it on Christmas Day], a province in the South- 
east of the South African confederation ; 

Natsiat {Javanese), name of the plant ; 



i'kOJSUNCUTION AND DElil VaTION. 71 

Nan-clC-'u ... ... naus, Kleio (^Oreek), shi'p, to cnclo.sc. ; {all-.) Imll-Bliapod half 

caiwulo (N. 2/42;) ; Nicholson throws tJus accent on t.lio first 
syllable, iind shows the Bocond short ; from the derivation 
iliis would iippoar to bo wrong' ; 

nub-ulo'-sus ... ... (Lati7i), clouded, when coloiirs are nneqnallj' blanded lof^ether ; 

Nec-Lan'-dra ... ... ncktar, dner {Gandros) {Greek), nectar, male; {fill:) three 

11 ectariferouB barren stamcus (N. 2/422) ; 

ucel-ger'-i-a-na ... {loc.) of the Nilgiri ]Iill,s ; 

Nees-i-a'-na ... {com) of Christian Gottfried Nees von JE8enbeck[{[n\:) Krees-teo 

aniGoL-l'reet Naiz-fon-Ay-zen-bek], 1770 — 1858. German 
botanist, Professor of Botany at Krlangcn, Bonn and Breslan, 
but deprived • of office for political reasons, author of 
" Characters of new species of Indian Acanthacex-, " 1836, 
and other works ; 

iio-glcc'-tum ... ... {Latiy.) disregarded ; 

ne-gun'-do ... ... Nirgund {Sanskrit), to shed ; (aii :) juice ; name of the plant' 

(McL. 596) ; 

neil-gher-ren'.se ... j ,j^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^.^ .^. j^-^^ 

ol-lygh-er'-ry-a ... j ^ ^ ■' 

nem-or- a- is ... ... i a/^q^j^^v rpertaing to loood groves; 

nem -or-um }^ ^ -^ 

nep-a-Ieu'sis... ... {loc.) 'pertaining to Nepal ; 

nep'-et-Le-fol'-i-a ... (Latin), with leaves like Catmint nepeta [Pliny's name from 
Nepi {loc.) a town in Italy (N. 2/439), often mispronounced 
witii the second e long (N. 4/354)j ; 

Neph-el'-i-um ... nepheiion {Greek), Burdock (Arctium lappa) ; {all-.'^ rough 

* fruits (N. 2/439) ; 

Neph-ro'-di-um ... Nephros {Greek), kidney; {all-.) kidney shaped sporangia, 

(N. 2/440) ; the accent is as given by Nicholson ; but the ques- 
tion is whether it is not diminutive, when the d would come 
in the second, and short, syllable ; 

Nephr-ol'-ep-is ... Nephros, lepis {Greek), kidney ; scale ; {all :) covering of the 

Sori (masses of sporangia) (N. 2/444) ; 

"®,'^'?'.'f'°v"!'* • ] (Latin), with leaves like Oleander (Nerium) : 

ne -ri-if-ol -i-a ...J"- ^' ^ ' 

ne'-ri-if-or'-mis ... (Latin), oleander-like ; 

Xe' ri um ... ... Nerion {Greek) old name of the plant used by Dioscorides, 

from neros {Greek), humid ; {all :) habit of the plants, 
(N. 2/447) ; 

ner-vo'-sa ... ... {Latin), conspicuously nerved, or marked with several ribs or 

conspicuous veins ; 

Ne-8a3'-a ... ... nesos {Greek) island ; {all -.) ionnd in the island of Mauritius, 

or Isle of France, east of Madagascar in the Indian ocean 
(N. 3/448) : this seems to be a mistake ; the Treasury of 
Uotany gives the habitat as Senegambia and Morocco ; with 
a sub-genus— DecodoH. — from North America ; Robert Brown 
(Br. 73) t.'ives Brazil as the habitat of the species cultivated in 
Madras, and derives it from Nestea (Greek), a sea nymph ; 

Neu-rop-el'-tis ... Neuron, pelte {Greek), nerve, shield ; (all:) accrescent nerved 

bract under the calyx in fruit ; 
New-i-i ... ... {com.) of New ; 

Ni'-oo-ti-a'-na ... (com.) Jean Nicot [(pr:) Zhong Nee-Ko], 1530 — 1600, French 

agent of the King of France to the King of Portugal, intror 

duced tobacco into France (N. 2/440) ; 
ni'-co-ti-a'-nfc-fol'-i-um {Latin), with leaves like Tobacco (nicotiana) ; 
Nie-buh'-ri-a ... {com.) Karstens Niebnhr [(pr:) Karr-stens Nee-boor], 1731 — 

1815, German traveller in Arabia and the Bast from 1771 to 

1776 ; 
nig'-ra ... ... (Latin), black, slightly tinged with grey ; 

nig-res'-ceus .. ... (Latin), nearly black {R.) ; 

nig'-ric-ans ... ... (Latin), becoming black (H.) ', 

nig-ri'-tus ... ... (L«h>i), when a portion of something is black; 

Qig-roc-ar'.pnm ... (had hj hrid, Latin and Greek), black fruited} 



72 



t'EONUNCIATION ANl) DEfilVjSTlON. 



nig-roc-il'-i-a'-ta 
nil-ag-ir'-ic-a ... 
nll-gher-ren'-se 
nil-ghir-en'-sis 
Xim-mo-a'-nus 



Ni'-pa ... 
nit'-id-a 



niv-o -sns 
niv-ul'-i-a 



no'-bil-ifl 
noc-tif-lo'-ra ... 
Noi-set'-ti-a'-na 



Nol'-te-a 
No-pal'-e-a 
Nord-man'-ni-a'-na 
nor-ma'-lis 

Xor-6n'-hi-a ... 

Xoth-op-e'-gi-a 

Xot-on'-i-a 

jS'ot-on'.i-a'na 
Xot-on'.i-i 
nov-em 

nuc-if'-er-a ... 
nu-dif-lo'-ra ... 

nu'-dam. 
nn'-ga... 
nul-lin-er'-via... 

nftm-mul-a'-ri-a 

Nur'-val-a 



nu-tans 

nux-votn'-ic-a 

Nyc-t:ag'-in.a'ce-a3 



Nyc-tauth'-es 
O-ber-on'-i-a ... 



(Latin), vjith a fringe of hlack hairs ; 
(loc.) pertaininij to the Nilgiri Hills ; 

(com.) of Nimmo, who co apleted and pnblished John Graham's 

" Catalogue of plants grown in Bombay and its vicinity," 

1839 ; 
Nypa (Molucca), name of the plant (Rox. 3/650) ; 
(Latin), shining; 
(Latin), snovj-v:hite, the purest clearest, somewhat tran.^slucent, 

white as in the Camellia ; 
(Latin), snowy, or covered with white hair ; 
niviieus, diminutive of nirew.^ (Latin), covered uith snow ; (nil:) 

probably to the drops of white juice which dry up upon the 

leaves and other parts of the plant ; 
(Latin), noble, majestic looking, renowned, or of great service; 
(Latin), powering at flight ; 
(com.) Louts Claude Noi.^ette [(pr :) .Loo-ee Clode Nwar-zett], 

i 772 — 1849, L-minent French cultivator of fruit trees, author 

of " Le .Jardin fruitier " (N. 2/454); 
(covi.) Nolte , South African botanist ; 
nopal (Mexican), name of the Cactus ; 
(co-in.) of Nordmann ; 
(Latin), normal ; in which the ordinary structure, peculiar to the 

genua or family, of a given plant is in no wise departed from ; 
(cow.) Noronha, Portuguese botanist of Java, and traveller in 

Madagascar (Br. llS) ; 
notho.-<,p3jia (Greek) [ivonipege (Greek) a spring ; (all :) habitat], 

counterfeit Fegia ; (aZi:) affinity (Gh :) ; 
(com.) Ben'}amin Noton of Bombay, indefatigable collector of 

Indian plants (Ch.) ; 

(com.) of Ben'}arnin Noton ', 

(Latin), nine ; 

(Latin), nut-bearing ; 

(Latin), with naked Jlovjer.< ; no perianth free of hair or other 
appendages ; 

(Latin), naked. ; 

(Latin), trijiing ; 

(Latin), veinless, when there are no ribs or veins in a leaf, 
[same as enervts^ ; 

nummvlu-s (Latin [from nowmmos (Greek) ^, a little coin; (a.'i:) 
discoid leaves or pod joints ; 

nlrvvdl (Malayalam), water Wood-apple, name of the plant 
(McL. 3/580) ; this is evidently wrong ; it is niravila (Mala- 
yilami, united leaf, with corresponding terms in Tamil 
(Inaivilai) and Canarese (Neravele), together with various 
other synonyms, which all point to the similarity between 
this trifoliate leaf and the sacred Lingam sectarian mark, the 
Avadaiyar, or the trident of Siva, and its insinuations in 
correction with procreation. It is not essentially or water- 
loving tree and is found often on the driest soils ; but is 
frequently planted near Sivite temples ; 

(Latin), nodding, with flower bent downwards ; 

(Latin), nut irhich causes vomiting ; 

(Latin), Marvel of Feru (Mirabilis — previously called Nyctago 
[from nux (gs. nv.kcos) (Greek) nigrd ; (all :) flowers oijen at 
four in the afternoonj) Family, or Order , 

nux (g.mlktos), anthos (Greek), night : flower ; (all :) flowers 
open in the evening and tall off at break of day (N. 2/459) ; 

(Cla.'s.) Oberon, King of the fairies ; (all :) quaint and variable 
forms of the plant (N. 2/4B5) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DKUIVATION. 



73 



ob-lii'-ta 
ob-li'-qua 



ob-lon'-gu8 



ob-lon'-gif .ol'-i- n s 
ob-ov-a'-ta 

ob-scn'ra 

ob-teo'-ta 

ob-tu'-sa 

ob-tu-sa'-tus 

ob-tu'-sif-ol'-i-uiu 

ob-vol-u'-tus 

oc-cid-en-ta'-lis 
oc-el-la'-tus ... 

Och-lmi'-dia 



Och'-na 

Och-iia'-c«-a3 
o-chra'-ce-nm 

0-chroc-ar'-pu8 

o-ohrol-eu'-cus 
O-cbro'-si-a ... 

-cim-um 

ocb-an'-dra ... 
oc'-to 

Oct-o'-trop-is 
Od'-in-a 



Od'-ol-lam 



od-on'-tol-o-ma 
od-o'-ra'-turu 
od-o'-ra'-tis'-sim- urn . 
od-o'-ruui 
cen-o'pli-a 

of-fic-i-na'-mui 
of-fic'-i-na'-lis 

Oi-anth-'ns 

Ol-ac-a'-ce-a' ... 
ol'-ac if-ol'-i-a 
ol'-ax 



{Latin), oblate, broader than long ; 

(Latin), oblique, slantiiijjj, unequal sided, or — of leaves — the 
division on one side of the midrib smaller than tiiat on the 
other ; or obliquely tivisted, when the margins point to the 
heavens and the apex to the horizon ; 
{Latin), oblong, elliptic v^ith obtuse ends and at least twice 
(and less tlian five times, see linear) aa long as bro-ii ' U. ) 
more correetly, with sub-parallel — not elliptic — sides ; 
{Latin), irith ob'ony leave-i ', 
{Latin), nboiate, ovate turned upside down, the broad part is 

the top half ; 
{Latin), objure, hidden undistinguishable (H.) ; 
{Latin), covered, ; 

{Latin), obtuse, blunt or rounded at the ape.x (H.); 
{Latin), made obtuse, or darkened, dulled; 
{Latin), inth obluse leaves ; 
(Latin), ohvolute, when thu margins of one alternately ororlap 

those of that which is o).])osite to it ; 
(Latin), western ; 
(Latin), ocellated, when a broad 8[)ot of some colour has another 

spot of a different colour within it ; 
ochLos, ner{g. andros) (Greek), a crowd, male ; (all:) stamens 
anywhere between G and 120, in most other bamboos from 
3 to U -, 
ochnS {Greek), wild pear, name used by Homer; (all:) resem- 

balnnce of Ipaves (N. 2/466) ; 
(Latin), Ochna Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), ochre-coloured, dull yellow imperceptibly changing to 

brown : 
ochros, karpos (Greek), yellow fruit ; (all :) colour of fruit 

(X. 2/466); 
(Greek), white with a tinge of yellow ; 
ochros (Greek), pale [yellow, (all :) colour of the Uoweis 

(N. 2/i66) ; 
okimon (Greek), name of the plant used by Theophrastus, 

(N. 2/406) ; ■ 

(Greek), with eight stamens ; 
(Latin and Greek), eight ; 

Goto, tropis (Greek), eight, keel ; (all -.) ovary has eij^ht ribs j 
udina (Canarese), imam of the tree ; this is the geuetive case, 
nsed with maia, a tree, the nominative being udi [See 
wodier] ; 
utlam (Malayalam), name of the plant; Nicholson puts the 
accent on the second syllable, but in the Vernacular it is on 
the first ; 
(Greek), with a toothed fringe ; 
(Latin), fragrant ; 
(Latin), very fragrant ; 
(Latin), sweet scented ; 
oine, hopia (Greek), the vine, armour ; (all-.) climbing habit and 

offensive thorns ; 
(Latin), of the shops ; 
(Latin), officinal, sold in shops, or used in medicine or in the 

arts (H.) i 
oios, anthos (Greek), solitary, flower ; (all -.) cymes are few ; 

flowered, iu allied genera many flowered ; 
(Latin), Olax Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), xvith leaves like Olax ; 

olax (Greek), furrow ; {all :) flowers partially furrowed or 
imbi-icated (N,2/4S0) ; this is seemingly incorrect, ulax and 
0. zeylanica were the names giveu by Linnaeus, and the latter 
has " young branches sharply angled and furrowed with line 
wrinkles" (Treaa. Bot.) ; and it is this, probably, to which 
allusion is made ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEKIVATION. 



Ol'-e-a 

01-e.a'-ce-s9 ... 
ol-e-ag'-ia-'o-sa 
Ol-e-an'-der ... 
Ol-e-an'-dra ... 
ol-e-o-i'-des ... 
ol-er-a'-ce-a ... 
ol-ig-an-dra ... 
ol'-ig-os 
ol-i-va'-ce-us 
ol-i'-va3-for'-mis 
On-ag-ra'-ce-a)^ 

On-cos-per'-ma 

o-oc-ar -pa 

op-a'-cns 

Op-i'-li-a 



op-ei-'-cul-a -ta 

oph'-i-oc-eph'-al-a 

Oph'-i-()g-lo8-8a 

Cph'-i-or-rhi'-za 

op-pos'-it a 

op -pos'-it-if-ol'-i-a 

Op-un'-ti-a 

orb'-ic'ul-a'-fis 
orb -ic-nl-a-ta 

Orcli-id-a'-ce-ae 

or-chid-if-lo'-ra 
Or-el-la'-na 

Or'-e-od-ox'-a 

Or-e-op'-an-ax 

or'-i-en-ta'-lib 
or-ix-en'-sis 
or-moc-ar'-po-i'-des. 
Or moc-ar'-pum 

Or-mo'-si-a 

or-na'-tum 
Or-nus 
Or-oph-e'-a .,. 

Or-ox'yluru ... 
Or-tbot'-rou-iiB 



{Latin), name of the tree used by Cicero and Varro (Ca8s, Lat. 

Die.) ; 
(Latin), Olive (olea) Family, or Order ; 

{Latin), oleaginous, fleahy in substance, bat filled with oil ; 
oleandre (French), name of the plant ; 

oleander {Latin) ; {all ■) Similarity of leaves and plant generally ; 
{quasi-Greek) resemhling the Olive (olea) ; 
{Latin), edible, serving as a pothei-b (H.) ; 
{Greek), withfeiv stamens; 
{Greek), few; 

{Lati7i), olive green, a mixture of green and brown ; 
{Latin), shaped like an olive fruit ; 
{Latin), Evening Primrose (ffinothera— formerly Onagra) 

Family, or Order ; 
onkos, sperma {Greek), tumour, seed ; {all :) broad raphe on 

the seed ; 
{Greek), with, egg-shaped fruit ; 
(Latin), dull, reverse of shining ; 
ope, eilo {Greek), opening, to close up; (all:) imbricate bracts 

concealing the flowers before opening, forming a strobile-like 

inflorescence ; 
(Latin), opening by a lid ; 
(Greek), like a snake's head ; 
ophis (g. ophios), glossa (Greek), snake, tongue; (all:) shape 

of the spike of fructification (N. 21/499) ; 
Ophi (g. ophios), rhiza (Greek), snake root; (all:) root 

supposed to be antidote to snake poison ; 
(Latin), o-pposite, pointing directly to a particular place ; or 

placed on opposite side of some body, or thing, in the same 

plane ; 
(Latin), with opposite leaves, a pair of leaves at a node, oneca 

either side of the axis exactly opposite each other ; or another 

organ inserted opposite to a leaf (H.) ; 
(Latin), name used by Pliny, derived from Opus [a town in 

Locris, a division in the middle of Greece], the adjectival 

form of which was opuntius (N. 2/501 ;) Cass. Lat. Die. 
n 
I (Latin), orbicular, flat with an almost circular outline (H.) ; 

(Latin) Orchid (orchis) [(Greeh), testicle ; (all :) shape of roots]) 

Family, or Order ; 
(Latin hybrid), with flowers like an Orchid ; 

(com.) Francisco-de Orellana [(pr:) Frarn this-co-day rail 

yar-uar] 1490-1546, a Spanish soldier, the first explorer of 

the Amazon Elver, whence he went to Trinidad and Spain ; 
oros (g. oreos), doxa, (Greek), mountain, glory ; (all :) lofty 

stature (N. 21/220) ; 
oros (g. oreos), panax (Greek), tnountain Panax; (all:) 

habitat and affinity (N. 2/522) . 
(Latin), eastern . 
(loc.) pertaining to Orissa ; 
(Greek), resembling Ormocarpum . 
hormos, karpos (Greek), necklace, fruit ; (all:) narrow chain-like 

pods (N. 2/523) ; [Note ; the aspirate in Greek is often 

omitted in botanical names] ; 
hormos (Greek) necklace ; (all :) the scarlet seeds of one species 

which ai-e strong for necklaces (Nic. 5/23) ; 
(Latin), adorned ; 

(Latin), mountain ash, word used by Virgil (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 
orophe (Greek), roof of a house ; (all :) mitriform cap made by 

the inner petals, which cohere by their margins (Ch.) ; 

oros, XHlon (Greek), mountain wood ; (all :) habitat ; 
(Greek), straight, having the same direction as the body to 
which, it belangs ; 



PUONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 75 

Os-beok'-i-a ... ... {com.) Peter Onbeck, 1'723 — 1805, Swiss clergyman and'natural- 

ist (N. 2 1,528) ; 

Os-manth'-iis .., o.sme, anthon (Greek), fragrance, flower ; {all :) iieriumG oi the 

blossoms ; 

Os-niuii'-da ... {(Jlds.) Osrtiunder, ajiother name of the Scandinaviati Thor, 

God of Thunder, u poworfiii man in the prime of life with a 
long red beard, carryinj^ a hammer in his band, and possessing 
a girdle which had the power of renewing his strength, 
(N. 2/530) ; {all:) not obvious, but, the inHorescence some- 
what resembles a long rod beard ; 

os'-se-a ... ... {Latin), bony, hard, and very close in teature, not cut ofE 

witliout difficulty, and I h(' parts so cut being brittle ; 

Os-to'-des ... ... {Greek), like bone; {all:} bouy eudocarp of tlie capsule ; 

Os'-yr-is ... ... {Greek), name of the plant used by Discorides (N. 2/532) ; 

O-toph-or-a ... ous ig. otos), phoreo {Greek), ear, to bear ; {all :) base of petals; 

aui'ioalate ; 

Ou-gein'-i-a ... {loc.) (Jojjein, or Ujjayini, or Ujain, a city in the native state of 

. Gwalior, traditionally the capital of Vikramaditva, in which 
city the pillars of the Madajee Scindia's palace consisted of 
the timber of this plant (Kox. 3/221) ; 

o-va-lif-ol'-i-a ... {Latin), with oval leaves^, broadly elliptic in outline, and acute 

at both ends ( b .) ; 

o-va'-ta ... ... {Latin), ovate, tha shape of an egg with the broad and down- 

wards (N. 2/537) ; 

o-va-tif-ol-i-um ... {Latin), with ovate leaves ; 

ov-o-i'-de-a ... .., {Latin), of solids with a figure resembling an egg ; 

Ox-ul-ob-i-um .. jxus,lobio7i {Greek), sharp, pod ; {all:) legumes en<i in sharp 

points (Nic. 2/542). 

Ox-yp-et'-al-uni ... oxus, pe talon {G-resk), sharp, j^etul ; {all :) petals ure shai p 
pointed (N. 2/533). 

ox-j'ph-yl-la ... ... [Greek), with ah urp leaves ; 

Ox-ys-tel-ma ... ... oxus , stel 'n a {Greek), sharp girdle; (aZi :) segments of corona 

are acute (N. 2/533) ; 

Ox-yt-en'-an-the'-ra .. oxutenes, -anthera {Greek), utretched to o point, anther; {all:) 
narrow acute anthers ; 

Paoh-yg'-on-e ... ■pdchus- gonel {Greek), thick, seed; {nil-.) thick semicylindric 

cotyledon (Ch.) ; 

pa-cif'-Ic-a ... .. (ioc.) Pacjl/^cls/ands, or Polynesia, comprising the intertropical 

islands east of the Australian Barrierreef, New Guinea and 
the Philippine Islands and includmg the Solomon, New 
Hebiiiies, Fiji, Samoa, Hawaii, Cook, Society, Caroline, 
Ivlarshall and Gilbert Islands ; 

Pae-de'-ri-a ... ... -phdes {Latin), offensive smell; (all:) rank odour of all the 

parts when bruised (N. 2/84) ; 

pa-hu'-di-a'-na .•• (toe.) pertaining to Fahuda, in Java ; 

Pa-Jan-el'-i-a . . . ... piyyunnaii {Malaiulum), naniie oi the tree (McL. 2/732) ; 

pa-la'-ce-us ... ... (iiU'w) i^aZaceows, when the foot stalk adheres to the margin ; 

pal-e-a'-ce-u8 ... {Latin), chaffy, covered with small weak membranous scales ; 

pal-aes-ti'-nas ... ... {loc.) of Palestine, bordering the eastern shore of the Mediter- 

ranean Sea ; 

pal-em-ban-io-ue ... {loc.) of Pulemhang, a district in the south-eastern part of 
Sumatra ; 

Pal'-las-i-a'-na ... {com.) Peter Simon Pallas, 1741 — 1811, German naturalist and 

traveller; 

pal'-lid-a ... ... {Latin), pale, or of undecided colouv {H.) ; 

h'al'-mas ... ... {Latin), Palm Family, oi Order ; 

pal-ma' -ta ... ... {Latin), palmate, Mith the rihs oi the leaf lobes or leaflets, all 

meeting at the apex of the petit^le, the segmtuts like the 
extended fingers of an open hand (H.) ; 

pal-met'-to ... ... {Spanish), a small palm ; 

pal-min-er'-vis ... {Latin), Fulmicostate, when., the ribs of a leaf are palmate; 

pal-u-do'-sa )/r .,• n /n \ 

pal-us'-tre ...' ... ] (•''''**")• grotnng m swaonps (H.) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND UEKIVATION. 



Pa-nam-ou'-ia 
Pan-ax' 



Pan-dan-a'-ce-ae 
Pan'- clan -us ... 
pan-du-ra' ta 
pan-du-rii-or'-inis 
pan-ic'-ul-a'-a 



pan-uo -sa 

Pap-ay'-a 
pa-pil'-i-o 
Pa-pil'-i-o'-ne-a) 



pap-il'-la 
pap-il lo'-sus ... 
pap-y-ra'-ce>us 
pap-y-rif -er-a 
Pai-ab-iB'-na . 
par-ad-i'-si-a-ca 

par-ad-ox'-a ... 
par-a-g-uen'-sis 

par-al-le'-liu-er'-vis 
Par-am-ig'-ny-a 

par-as-i'-tic-a 

par-ei'-ra 



Pa-ri a'-ri-um 
par-ip-ip-na'-ta 

Park'-i-a 



Par-kin-so'-ni-a 

Par-men'-t.i-e'-ra 

Par'-qui 

Par-BOn'-si-a ... 

par-ti'-+a 

par-vif-lo'-ra ... 

par-vif-ol'-i-a 

Pas-sif-lo'-ra 



{Gonka.ni) . Betel ntit • (all :) fruiting calyx which resembles 

sliced IJftel ; 
panakos (Greek), com'plete remedy; {all:) miraculous virtue 

ascribed to Ging-Seng by the Chinese ; used by Theophrastius 

(N. 2/13) ; 
(Latin), Screw-'pive (Pandanus) Family, or Order ; 
Pandang (malayan), name of the plant (N. 2/i.5) ; 
"( {Latin), Jiddle-shaped, obovate with a deep recess, or sinus, at 

each side, and usually cordate at ))ase ; 
(Latin) , paniculate, or having an inflorescence, the axis of which 

is divided into branches bearing two or more flowers ; 

(N. 2/18) : 
(Latin), pannose, or having the the texture, or appearance, of 

rough wollen cloth (H.) ; 
Papaiv (South ^i onerican) , name of tree (N. 1/267) ; 
(Latin), butterfly ; (all :) fruit (Hk. 1/363) ; 
(Latin), Fapilionew suborder of the Leguminosce FaTnily, oi 

Order, flowers are butterfly-liKe with two open wings (two 

lateral petals) ; the top petal is called the standard ; and the 

two lower the keel, for they resemble the keel of boat ; 
(Latin), nipple, or nipple-like protuberances (H.) ; 
(Latin), pimpled, with nipple-like protuberances ; 
(Latin), papery, of the consistence of writing paper ; 
(Latin), paper producing ; 

pdrdldino (Greek), to transgress ; (all:) climbing tendency ; 
(Latin), of Paradise, of which supposed to be one of the fruits 

(N. 2/392;, ; 
(Greek), pnrad.ox, appearing different to what it really is; 
(loc.) pertaining to Paraguay [(pr. :) Par-arr-ghi] in South 

America [See note on Hevea, Manihot, and megapotamica] ; 
(Latin), parallel ribbed [same as rectinervis (q.v.)] ; 
pdrdmignUmi (Greek) to intermix ; (all :) climbng propensities 

amongst other plants ; 
[Greek), parasitic, growing and feeding upon some other plant, 

called the host; 
JPareira brdia (Brazilian), name of Chondrodoudron tomentosuni, 

for which this plant was tor a long time mistaken (B.D. 

3/327 ; N./23); 
Parinari (Brazilian), name of the species (N. 3/23). 
(Katin), equally pinnate, or abruptly pinnate, when a pinnate 

(q.v.), leaf has an even pair of leaflets, and the raehis is 

terminated by neither leaflet nor tendril ; 
(com.) Mungo Park, 1771 — 1825, Scetchmau, who as agent to 

the African A ssociatioa undertook to explore the course of 

the Niger River, did so, and published his account in 17.'^9 ; 

in 1805 during a second attemjjt he was drowned in the 

Niger dining an attack by the natives (N. 3/24') ; 
(com.) John Parkinson, 1567 — 1629, apothecary of London, 

author of " Paraisis terrestris '' and '' Theatrum botani- 

cuni " (N. 3/24) ; 
(com.) A. Parmentier [(pr :) Parr-mong-tee-yay], 1737 — 1813, 

French writer on edible jjlants (N. 3/28) ; 
(com.) of Parqui, botanist of, or name of the plant in, Chili 

in Sonth America (N. 1/302, ; 
(com.) Dr. John Parsons, 1705 — 1770, Scotch physician and 

writer on natural history (N. 3/2S) ; 
(Latin), divided into a determinate number of segments, which 

extend nearly to the base of which they belong ; 
(Latin), n-ih small flowers ; 
(Latin), with small leaves ; 
passio,Jios (g. jioris) (Latin), Passion, dower; (all:) the early 

missionaries in South America fancied that there existed in 

the blossoms a representation of the elements of the cruci- 
fixion (N. 3/28) ; 



PRONtTNCIATION ANH DKinVATIOX. 



77 



Pas-sif-lo-ra'-ce-u^ 
pat-el-Iif-for'-mis 

pat'-ens 

paten-tis'-sini-a 
Pat-cr-so'-ni-i 

pat'-ul-am 

pau'-ci 

paxi-cif-lo'-rnm 

pau-cif-ol'-i-nni 

pan'-cij'-ug-a 

paa-cin-er'-vi a 

pau-cin-er'-vis 

Pav-et'-ta 

Pa-vo'-ni-a 



pa-TO-m -na 
pec-tin-a'-tu8 



pec'-tin-if-or'-mis 
ped a'-ta 



ped-a-tin-er'-vis 
Fed-i-lan'-tTius 

ped -un'- oul-a'-ris 
ped-un'-cul-a'-ta 
ped-nn'-cal-o'-sa 
Pe'-gan-iim ... 

pel-ta'-ta 



Pel-toph'-or-nm 

Pem'-phis 

pen'-diil-a 

pe-nin'-sul-a'-ris 

pen-na'-ta 
p«r.-nip-ic'-ta 

pen-niiQ-ed'-i-o-pic' 

pen-nin-ar'-vis 

pen'-ta 
pen-tag'-yn-a 
pen-tan'-drtk 
Pen-tap'-an ax 

pen-taph-yr-a 
Pen'-ta.-j 



;:} 



ta 



(Latin\ Va.^gion Jiower (PaBsiMora'/ Family, or Order; 

{Latin), ^nee-pan shaped, resembling meniscoid (q v.\ but 

thicker; 
(Latin), u~ide open (H.) ; spreadinij. having :i gradually outward 

direction ; 
(Latin), very icide open ; 
ieom.) Col. ]V. Paterson, English traveller in South Africa in 

the Ifith century (N. 1/3H) ; 
(I atin), .somewhat spreading, or extended (H.) ; 
(Latin), few ; • 
{ 1 atin), with few Jiov^rs ; 
(Latin), with few leaves ; 
'Latin), v.-ith few pairs of leafets ; 

(Latin), with few nervps ; 

Pdvaitd (Malayalam), na.w.e of the plant fN. 3/34, McL. 3/670) ; 
(com. Don Jose Favon [{-pr : Don Ho-zay Par-von], Spanish 

traveller in Peru with 11. Wuiz as CDmpanicn and co-author, 

ol " Flora peruviana et chilemsis," he died 1844 (N. 3/;^6) : 
(Latin), peacock-like, of many brilliant colonra (X. 1/23^ ; 
(Latin), comh-.-ihapei, similar to pinnatijid (q.v ), bnt the 

segments very numerous, close and narrow, like the teeth of 

a comb ; 
(Latin), shaped like a comh ; 
[Latin), pedo-te, with the leaf-lobes or leaflets, arranged in a 

palmate manner, but outside, or lateral, lobes or leaflets 

again divided (H. : 
(Latin), peduttcostate, when the ribs of leaf are pedate ; 
pedilon, aiithos (Greek), shoe, Jhxcer ; [all -.) shape of the 

blossoms !N. 3 oS) ; 
(Latin), haviny charactaeristicped uncle ; 
(Liti'i), having a peduncle, or flower stalk ; 
(Latin), having a characteristic peduncle ; 
re I anon (Greek), Rue, name used by Theophrastus ; 'a'l:) 

resemblance of plants (N. 3/58) ; 
(Latin), shield shaped ; of leaves, scales, hairs, etc., — when 

the petiole, stalk or organ of attachment, affixed to the 

back, ^iid not to the ba8e(H.) : 
pelte phoreo Greek), shield, to bear ; (all -.) shape of the stigraa, 

(N. 3 68 ; 
pemphis [Greek;, a blister ; (all -.) resemblance of the globular 

capsule (Ch); 
(Latiix), pendulous, hanging down from the weakness of its 

support ; 
(Latin), of the peninsula, sometimes used in respect of Indian 

forms, compared with Ceylon forms ; 
\Latin ', like a fea*:her : 
(Latin), feathered, ojloured with streaks resembling a series of 

arrow feathers ; 
(Latin), central feathered, similar to the last, but on either side 

of the midrib of a leaf ; 
(Latin), peri/nicostate, when the ribs of a leaf are pinnated, or 

arranged like feather barbs on either side of the midrib ; 
(Greek), Jive ; 
(Greek), with five pistil? ; 
(Greek), with five stamens ; 
Pente, panax (Greek), Jive, Panax ; (all -.) 5 styles, most species 

having 2 to 4 ; 
(Greek), with five leaflets ; 
pentas (Greek), the number five just as tessura (or tetru) is four, 

and tessa.as the number four ; .see also treis, trias ; (all :) 

parts of the flower in fives, allied genera being mostly in 

fonrs (N. 3/70) ; 



78 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Pen tat'-rop-is 

per-en'-nis 

Per-esk'-i-a 



per-fol-i-a'-ta 

per-grac'-il-e 
per-gul-a'-na 
Per-g-ul-a'-r-ia 



per-ig' yn-Tis 

per-ifc'-rop-us 
Per-off-skv-a'-na 
pe-ron-a'-ta ... 



per-pen-dic-nl-d'-ris 
per-pet'-Ti-a ... 

Per-rot-te'-ti-a'-na 
Per-rot-te'-ti-i 

Per-se'-a 

per'-sic-a 
per'-Bic-as-fol'-i-a 
pei'-sis'-tens ... 

per-son-a'-a ... 
pel' tu-sa 
per-n-vi-a'-na 
pgs-ti'-grid-is 
Pet'-al-id'-i-um 

pet'-a]-o-i'-de-a 
pet'-i-ol-a'-re ... 

Pet'-rce-a 

Phse-au'-thus ... 

phse'-09 
Phas'-e-ol-us ... 

Phil-ad-el'-phus 



phil-lp'-pin-en'-sis 
Phil-od-eu'-dron 

phleg-ma'-ri-a 

Ph loin' -is 

phlom-o-i'-dSs 
Phoe-be 



penta, tropis (Qreeh), five, l;eel ; {all :) coi'onal scales (Ch.) ; 

{Latin), lasting for several years ; 

(com.) Nicholas F. Peiresh [(pr:) Nee-ko-lar Pay -reskl, French 

Sena+or who collected a considerable library and herbariam 

(N. 3/73) ; 
{Latin), 'perfoliate, where the base of a leaf passes right round 

the stem, which appears to pass through the leaf -blade ; 
(Latin), exceedingly slender, or graceful ; 
{Latin) , forming an arbour ; 
pergitla {Latin), an arhour ; {all:) twining character 

(NT. 3/76); 

{Greek), perigynous, growing upon some body that surrounds 
the ovary ; 

(Oresk), peritroval, directed from the axis to the horizon; 

(com^ of Ferofsky [or Perowski], liussian botanisi ; 

{Latin), peronate, thickiy overlaid with a woolly substance 

ending in a sort of meal [pero {Latin), an untanned leather 

boot] ; 
{Latin), perpendicular, at right angles to some other body ; 
{Latin), perpetual, continuous ; 
(com.) of Perrottet [pr: Pair-o-tay], French botanist collected 

specimens in Senegambia foi- Oliver's " Flora of Tropical 

Africa." 
persea {Greek), name given by Theophrastus to an Egyptian 

tree, which this is supposed to resemble (N. 3/82) 
{loc.) of Perda ; 

{Latin), with leaves like a Peach (Prumnu persica) ; 
{Latin), persistent, not falling off, but remaining green, until 

the part which it bears is matured; of leaves, evergreen ; 

{Latin), personate, applied in a way similar to ringent (q.v.) ; 
{Latin), pierced with holes ; 
{com.) pertaining to Peru, ia South America; 
{Latin), resemhling a tig er^s foot ; 

petdlidton, dliminitive of pt- talon {Greek), a petal ; {all :) petal- 
like bracteoles (N. 3/83) ; 

{Greek), having the appearance of petals ; 

{Latin), having a petiole {i.e., leaf stalk), or a conspicuous 

petiole or inserted upon the petiole ; 
{com,) Robert James, Lord Petre, famous patron of botany, died 

1742 (N. 3/84) ; 
phaios, anthos, Greek, greyish broton Jlower -, {all .) colour of the 

flowers ; 
{Greek), brown tinged with grey or black, i.e., fuscous {q.v.); 
phaseolos [from phase /os {Greek), a little boat] {Greek), name of 

the plant used by Dioscorides (N". 2/94) ; 

philadelphos [from philos, adelphos {Greek), fond, brother^ 

{Greek), name used by Athenseus for a different plant, which 

is supposed to resemble ; 
{loc.) of the Philippine Islands, in the Indian Archipelago 

north-east of Borneo ; 
phileo, dendron {Greek), to love, tree ; {all -.) according to 

Nicholson, arborescent habit of some species (N. 3/96), but 

more pro*bably because most species grow on trees : 
phlegma {Greek) flame -, {all :) powder from spores protects the 

hands from fire : 
phlomis {Greek), name of the plant used by Dioscorides 

(N. 3/99) ; 
{Greek), resembling Phlomis ; 

{Glas.) sister of Phoebus Apollo, goddess of the moon ; {all :) 
beautiful plants with a six starred hardened perianth at the 
base of the fruit (see also Apollonias) ; 



iAo('os ^ ^--vvvv^ /au/t^ ^y^^^ 

I PRONUNCIATION ANT> UKRTVATION. 79 

phoo-iiic'-o-us ... (Latin), crimaon, orirason-lake colour, tho purfmt rod: [same as 

punicens'] : very pale, it forma rosij-pink (Soe roseus) -, very 
deep, it forms carmine (Bee Kermashius) ; it in tlio haftis of 
many other colours ; intormediate between crimson and 
yellow is oran(ie{See nurantiacus), and intermediate between 
crimson and, oranire, one-third of the way (i.e., nearer 
crimson) is scarlet (See corcinrvti), and two-thirds of the way 
(i.e., nearer oran{>'e) is salmon (Bee iialmoneun) and cinnabar 
(See cinnaharinus), the former clearer, tho latter duller ; 
intermediate between crimson nnd indigo blue, one third 
of the way {i.e., nearer crimson) is 'purple (See purpureM.s), 
and two-thirds of tho way (i.e., neaier Mue) is violet (See 
violacms) ; with green it foruis brown ; brick red and Indian 
red being respectively one-third and two-thirds of the way) 
between scarlet and brown ; 
Fhoe'-nix ... ... 'phoinix {Greek), name used by Theophrastus (N. 3/103) ; also 

used for a palm, generally, in composition, as Archontophoe- 
nix Acaiithophoenix ; 
Phol-id-o'-ta ... ... pholis {g. phoLidos), ous {g. otos) {Qreelc), scale, ear; {all:) 

scaly ear-like bracts of the spike (N. 3/105) ; 
Phor'-mi-nm ... ... phormos {OreeTc), basket ; (aii :) use made of the fibre in New 

Zealand (N, 3/105) ; 
Pbo-ti'-nt-a ... ... photelnos {Oreek), shining ; {all :) loaves {'N, 3/107); 

phrag'-mig-er ... {Greek), partitioned, divided by partitions into cells; 

Phrag-mi'-tes ... phragmos {Greek), fence ; {all -.) dense mass of woody stems ; 

phyl-lan'tho-i'-des ...' {Greek), resembling Phyllanthus ; 

Phyl-lan'-thus ... phullon, anthos {Greek), leaf, flower ; {all:) flowers in the axiled 

of small leaves that look like the pinna; of a pinnate leaf 
(N. 3/110); 
Phyl-loc-ao'-tus ... phitllon, kaktos {Greek), leaf, spinous plant; {all:) leaf-like 

stems, (N; 3/112) ; 
Phyl-loch'-lam-ys ... phullon, chlamus {Greek), leaf, cloak ; {all :) involucral bracts; 
Phyt-ol-ac-ca'-ce-8B ... {Latin) Pokeweed {Vhytolacca irom phiiton, Uikkos* {Greek), 
plant, loc. * (word used in the Periplns) ; {all :) crimson juice 
of the fruit (N. S/l)8)] Family, or Order ; 
Pic'-e-a ... ... pix {Latin), pitch : copious resin of the plants (N. 3/121) ; 

pic-'e-us ... .. {Latin), pitch black, a black changing to brown; 

pic'-ta ... ... {Latin), painted, with different colours in streaks of unequal. 

intensity ; 
Pt-er-ar'-di ... ... {com.) of Francis Pierard, H.E.i.c.s., of Chittagong, who did 

much to help in sending plants to the Calcutta Botanic 
Gardens (Rox.2/255) ; 
Pi'-er-is ... . {Glas.) P('ertdes, name applied to the Mnses from their supposed 

abode at Mount Pieros of Thessaly in Greece (GrU-. Lex.) ; 
{all :) similar habitat j 
pil-if'-er-us ... ... (iutin), hair poiw(«d, terminating in a fine weak point ; 

pil-ip-et'-al-a ... ... (Latin), irith titinly hairy petals ; 

pil'-ia-tam-in'-e-a .. {Latin), wit}i thinly hairy stamens ; . 

pil-is-ti'-la ., ... {Latin), with thinly hairy styles ; 

pil-o'-sa ... .. (Ldtin), thinlg hairy, with soft long simple hairs 

pil-o'-sul-a ... ... {Latin), very thinly hairy ; 

pil-ul-a'-ris ... ... {Latin), columnar, pillar- shaped ; 

Pi-men'-ta ... Pimento (Spanish) , name of tho plant ; 

Pin-ang'-a Pinang (Malayan), name of the Areca Palm, which this 

resembles ; 
pi-nas'-ter ... ... plnus, astrum (Latin), Pine, star; (all:) dense clusters of 

cones ; 
pin'-drow ... ... jjmdraw (ffaWw [North Indian]), name of the tree ; 

pin-na'-ta ... ... (ia^in), pinnate,^ compound leaf with pinna) (leaflets) arranged 

on either side of the rachis (main axis) of the leaf (H.); 
(See penninervif) : 
pin-na-tif -id-US ... (Latin), when the lobes are divided down to half the breadth of 
the leaf ; 



80 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



pin- na-tip -sar-ti' -tus. 



pia-na-tis-ec'-tus 

pin-sa'-po 
Pi'-uua 

Pip-er 



Pip-ei--a'-ce-ae 
pip-er-i'-ta 
pis-oid'-i-a 
Pi-8o'-iii-a 

pi-ta-jen'-sis ... 
Pitli-e'-col-ob'-i-nm 

Pir-tos-por-a'-ce-EC 
Pit-t,os'-por-um 

pla-na-ha 
Planch-o'-Bi-a'-na 



pla-nif-ol'-i-a 

pla'-nif-ron3 ... 

plan-ta'-gin-if-ol'-i-E 

Plat-an-a'-ce-a3 

plat'-an-if-ol'-i-a 

plat'-.-m-o-i'-des 

Plat'-ai\-iis 

plat-yc-au'-lon 

plat-yc'-lad-a 

Plat-yl-ob'-i-um 

Plat ym-is'-chi-nm " , 

plat-yph-yl'-la 
plat-yp'-ter-a 
plat-ys-tach'-y-a 
Plec-os-per'-mum , 

plec-tranth'-5-i'-cles 



Pleur-os-ty'-li-a 

plic-a'-tus 
Pli-ni-a'-na ... 

Plio'-che-a 



(Latin), when the lobes pass beyond the middle of the blade 
and the pavanchyma (cellular tissae) is not interrupted 
(qv.); 
(Latin), when the lobes are divided down to the midrib, and the 
parauchyma is inteiTUi)ted ; 
(Spanish), name of the tri^e ; 

(Latin) [probably contraction of piciiius (Latin) abouyiding in 
pitch] name of the plant used by Virgil, Ovid, etc. (N. 3/136) j 
(Latin) [Through pe peri (Greek) (rom Pippali (San.^krit)] name 
of the plant used by Horace (N. 3/14G ; Cass. Lat. Die.) ; often 
mispronounced with the i long (N. 4/352) ; 
(Latin), Pepper (Piper) Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), resembling pepper ; 

(Latin], pertaining to fishes, used as fish poison ; 
(com.) Willem Piso [(pr :)Vil-laim Pee-zo], Dutch physician and 
writer on natural History, Amsterdam, Holland, died I648t 
(loc.) of Pita'jo ; 
Pithex (^. pi'thekos), lohos (Greek) monkey, ear-lobe; {all-.) 

Mexican name meaning " monkey's earring" (N. 3/152) ; 
(Latin), Pittosporum Family, or Order ; 
pitta, spora (Greek) resin, seed ; (all :) resinous coating of the 

seeds (N. 3/153) ; 
(Latin), having a flat level surface ; 

(com.) of J. E. Planchon [(pr:) Plarng-sborng], French dis- 
coverer of the source of the Phylloxera disease of vines, 
co-author with Linden, Luddeman aud Reichenbach of 
" Pescatorea " (figures of Orchids from Pescatore's collec- 
tion) ; 
(Latin), irithjlat leaves ; 
(Latin), with ajlat crown ; 

(Latin), tcith leaves like the Ground Plantain (Piantago) ; 
(Latin), yiane Tree (Platauas) Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), v-ith leaves like the plane Tree : 
(Greek), resemhlmg the plane Tree ; 
Pldtdnos\^iv(m\ Pldtv.s {Greek), broad; (all:) foliage] (Greek), 

name of the plant (N. 3/156) ; 
(Greek), luith a fiat stem ; 
(Greek), with fiat branche."! ; 
platiis, lobos (Greek), broad, pod ; (all -.) broad legumes 

(N- 3/159); 
platus, miachion (Greek), flit small stem. ; (all:), flat oblong 

pods ; 
(Greek), broad leaved ; 
(Greek), broadly winded ; 
(Greek), with a broad spike ; 
pleko, Sperma (Greek), to enfold, seed ; (all .) one cotyledon, 

very large fleshy, embracing the smaller folded one ; 
(Greek), resemliliiig the Cockspur Flower (Plectrauthus [from 
plektron, antho (Greek), spur, fioicer ; (all :) corolla tube 
gibbous at base (N. 3/160)]) ; 
pleuron, stule (Greek), rib, style ; (all :) on the side of the 
white drupe is the remains of the style, whi-^h, on becoming 
bent round from the apex, forms a kind of rib along the side 
from the top ; 
(Latin), plaited (more properly pleated) folded lengthwise like 

the pleats of a folded fan ; 
(corn.) of Caius Plinius, Secundus, two Roman authors, the 
elder, 23 — 79 A.D. a clebrated naturalist and AsTote " Natural 
History " ; he died in the eruption of Vesuvius ; the younger, 
his nephew, 62 — 113 A.D. ; generally known by the name of 
Pliny ; 
(com.) N. A. Fluche [(pr :) Plysh], French author, published 
" Spectacle de la nature " 1732 (N. 3/164) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEPRIVATION. 



81 



l)/u-ma'-tum ... 
Pliim-ba'-tfin-a'-co-ae. 
Plum-ba'-go ... 

plum'-bu-ns 

l*lu-me'.ri-a .. 

plu-mi-e'-ri ... 
plu-u'O -ija 

plu'-res 

j)<i-cu-if-or'-niis 

Pod-ag'-ric-a 

Fod-al-y'-ri-a 

l^od-oc-ar'-pas 

Pod-och-i'-lus 

pod-oph-yl'-lum 

Pcec-il-on-eo'-ron 

Po-gos'-te'-iuon 

Pohl-i-a'-na 

Poin-ci-a'-na 

Pol-em-o'-ni-'-ce-8D ,. 

pol-if-ol'-i-a ... 
Pol-y-al'-thi-a 

pol-y-an-cis'-tra 

pol-y-an'-dram 

poUy-an'-tha 

pol-y-an'-them-oa 

pol-yc-ar'-pum 

Pol-yg-al-a ... 



Pol-yg-al-a -ce-ae 
pol-yg-am-a 



Pol'-yg-on-a'-ce-se 
Pol-yg'-ou-um 

pol-ym-orph'-uiii 

pol-yph-yl'-lns 

Pol-yp-od'-i-a-ce-a,- 

pol-yp-od'-i-o-i'-des 

Pol-yp-od'-i-um 



pol'-yg 

Pol-ys'^ci-aa ,^ 
Pol-ys-tach'-y-a 

pol-ys-tach'-y-um 
po-ma'-ce-a 
po-mif'-er-a ... 



{Latin), with a tuft of feather-like hairs ; 

{Latin), Leadwoit (Plumbago) Familij, or Order ; 

{Latvn) [irom plumbum {Latin) lead j {alt :) cures lead palsy ;] 

name of the plant used by Pliny (N. 3/169) ; 
{Lattn), lead grey, grey bordering on blue, with a metallio 

luBtre ; 
(com.) Charlea Plumier [(pr:) Shar-rul Plym-yay], French 

traveller s.nd vn-iter on botany, 1(346 — 1700 (N. 3/170) ; 
{com.) of Charles Flumier ; 
{Latin), plumoi<e, or feathery with brunches disposed like the 

plume on the siiaft of a feather (H.) ; 
{Latin), many ; in composition, pluH- ; 
{Latin), cupshaped, similar to cyathijorm (q.v.) ; 
(Oreek), youtu, — of steins, unduly swollen at the base ; 
{Clas.), Pdddl'jiius, sou of .tEaculapius (N. 3/172) ; 
polls {g. podos). karpos {Greek), fovt, fruit; {all:) fruits are 

stalked (N. 3/172) ; 
pou3 (tr. podLoa), cheilos {Greek), foot, lip ; {all -.) lip of the 

corolla jointed to the foot of the stamino-stylar eolumn ; 
{Gieek), havimj leaves with elonyated petiole, literally, foot- 
leaved; 
poTkilos, neuron {Greek), inlaid, nerve ; {all :) beautifnl reticu- 
lation of the nerves of the leaves, especiall> when dry ; 
pogon, stemon {Greek), beard, stamen, {all:) filaments bearded 

in the middle (N. 3/175) ; 
(com.) of Johann Emanuel Fohl [(pr :) Yo-harn Aim-arn-oo-ail 

Poalj, 1782—1834, Austrian botanist ; 
(co?7i.) -Vf de fcinci [(pr :) Pwarn] See Governor of the Antilles 

(West Indies; in tue middle of the 17th century, and patron 

of botany (X. 3/176) ; 
{Latin), Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium [{Greek), name used by 

Dioscoridesj) Family, or Orders 
{Latin), uith leaves like folium (Tencrium) ; 
pol'., althomai {Greek) much, to become sound} {all:) supposed 

medical properties of the plant (N. 3/181) ; 
{Greek), a-itk -t^iany hooks ; or prickles j 
{Greek), with many stamens ; 

• {Greek), u-ith mamj Jlowers ; 

{Greek), with many fruits ; 

polv-s, gala. {Greek), much, milk ; {all :) reputed property of 

increasing the secretion of milk , name used by Dioscorides 

(N. 3,183); 
{Latin), Milkwort (Polygala) Family, or Order ; 
{Greek), polygamous, hermaphrodite (bisexual) and unisexual 

flowers borne by the same species on one (or on different) 

individual (H.) ; 
{Latin), Knot Grass (Polygonum) Family, or Order ; 
polus, feonu {Greek), man>j, knee i {all :) numerous joints in the 

stem (N. 3; 183) j 
{Greek), of wany fonyis (II.) j 
{Greek), icith manii leaves, or leaflets ; 
{Latin), Folypody {FoUjpodium) Family, or Order ; 
{Greek), reserabliny FoLypody ; 
polus, podion diminutive of pous (g. podos) {Greek), many, 

little foot i {all :) appearance of the rhizome and its append- 
ages {S. 3/186); 
{Greek), many ; 

polos, skia {Greek), much, shade ,- (at! .) umbrageous foliage ; 
polv.8, stdchya {Greek), many, spike j {all:) inflorescence 

(N. 3/196) ; 
{Greek), having many spikes of flowers ; 
(Latin), apple-like; 
{Latin), apple-bearing ; 



6 



82 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEEIVATION. 



po-mif-or'-mis 
pom-po'-ni-a 

pon-der-o'-sa 
Pon-ga'-mi-a 
Po-povv'-i-a ... 
po'-pul-if-ol'-i-um 

po-pul'-ne-a ... 
Po'-ian-a 



por-phy'-re-U8 

Por'-ter-i 
pos'-tic-us 

pot-a-to'-ram 
Po'-thos 



Pou-zol-zi-a 

prseg'-nans 

prse-mor'-siim 

pras'-in«ns 

prec-a-to'- rl-us 
Prem'-na 

priest'-ley o-i'-dea 

prin'-ceps 
pri-no-i'-des ... 
Pri-o-ni'-tia ... 
Prin-sep'-i-a ... 
pris-mat'-ic-na 

Piitch-ar'-di-a 



pro-ce -ra 
Proc'-ris 



pro-cuDx'-bens 
pro-lif'er-a ... 



pro -nns 
Proa-o'-pis 



prop-m -quum 
pros-tra'-ta .. 



{Latin), of apple-sTiape ; 

{Latin), poynpone, with small flowers and numerous, mostly 
refiexed, petals (or, in Comj)osita;, florets) ; 

{Latin), heavy, or heavy-wooded ; 

Pungam 'Tamil) name of the plant (N. 3/198, Mch 3/694i) ; 

{com.) Popoiv, German botanist. ; 

{Latin), Hith leaves lilce Poplar (Populus, [alias palpulus] {Latin), 
tremhling ; {all :) perpetually ti-enibling leaves (N. 3/199) ; 

{Latin), Poplar-like (N. 4/27) ; 

B'hdtTri, {Mahratti), name of the plant ; Nicholson places the 
accent on the first a, which he seemingly wrongly makes 
long (N. 3/201, E.D. 6/1/1165); 

{Greek), red brown, brown mixed with red, but not ao red as 
rufous (q.v.) ; 

(com.) of n. J. A. Porter, Conaei'vator of Forests, Madras ; 

{Latin), turned outwards, turned av,'ay from the axis to which 
it pertains ; 

{Latin), of drinkers, useful for persons requiring a drink ; 

Poia, {Singhalese), name of the plant (N, 3/213 : McL. 3/288) ; 
Nicholson makes the first o short, placing the accent after 
the first syllable Poth ; but that o is long in Singhalese 
according to McLean ; 

{com.) Pouzolz L(pr:) Pootz-oaltz], German botanist; 

{Latin), pregnant, with smaller fruits vvithin ; 

{Latin), bitten off, the termination abruptly jagged as if bitten 
off(H.); 

{Greek), grass green, clear green without any admixture, inter- 
mediate between pure yellow and pure blue ; 

{Latin), used for praying, or for religions purposes ; 

premnon {Greek), a stump ; {'lU '■) stumpy appearance, or low 
stature, of the species (N. 3/215) ; 

(quasi-GreeA:), resembling Priestleya [from Dr. Joseph PrieMey, 
1733—1804, a famous English chemist] ; 

{Latin), prince ; {all :) fine appearance ; 

{Greek) resembling Holly (Prinus alias II ex.) ; 

prion {Greek), Saw ; {all:) appearance of the capsule ; 

{com.) Prinsej) ; author of History of the Punjab; 

{Greek), having several longitudinal angles, and intermediate 

flat faces ; 
{com.) W. P. Pritchard, author of " Polynesian reminiscences " 

(N. 3/221) ; 
{Latin), tall ; 

{Glas.), Procris,-daughter of Erectheus. king of Athens, — 

married to Cephalus, who killed her in the forest, mistaking 

her for a wild animal (Cass, Lat. Die); {all -.) plant dedicated 

to her ; 

{Latin), procumbent, lying for the whole, or greater part, of its 

length along, or close to, the ground (IT.) ; 
{Latin), offspring bearing, denoting, in its widest sense, repro- 
duction of plants by buds rather than by seeds, whether by 
offshoots, stolens, suckers, bulbs in leaf axils, budding from 
the margins of, or from broken, leaves, or from fern fronds; 
also applied to the abnormal reduplication of flowers from a 
single flower, known as the " Hen and chickens " type ; 
it also applies to the production of young fern growth (on the 
fronds of ferns about, or near, their extremities (H.) (N. 3/ 
225); 

( Latin), prostrate, lying Hat along the ground; 

{Greek), name given by Dioscorides to the Butter-hurr (Pet- 
asites officinalis) to the inflorescence of which tbia plant is 
supposed to have some resemblance (N. 3/227) ; 

{Latin), allied to ; 

{Latin), Ivina Jip,t along the ground (H.) ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEIilVATION. 



83 



Pro'-tn-a 



Pro-te-a'-c6-[c 
pro-trao-tfi ... 
prvi-i-no'-sa ... 

Pru'-niis 

pru-nif-or'-inis 

pru-nif-ol'-i-a 

pru'-ri-ons 

Pseml-arlh'-ri-a 

pseud-o-ca'-jaii 
psend-o-cap'-sic-um. 
pseud-o-plat'-an-as . 
pseud-o-teu'-u-is 

Psend-o-tsu'-ga 
Psid'-i-um 



Psi-lot'-rich-um 

Pso-ral'-e-a ... 

Psj-chot-rl-a 

Ptce-rox'-yl-on 

Pter'-is 

Pter-oc-ar-pu» 
pter-o-i'-des ... 
Pter-ol-ob'-i-um 

Ptpr-os-per'-miim 

Pter-7g-08-per'-nia ., 

Ptych-os-per'-ma 

pu-ber'-ul-a ... 

pn-bes'-cens ... 

pu-bifl-o'-ra ... 
pud'-dura 
pud-ic-a 
pu-er-a'-ri-a ... 

pnl-chel'-la ... 

pnl-cher'-iim-a 

pul-chra 

pul'-lu8 

pul'-ver-iil-ea'-ta 

pnl-ney-en'-sis 

pul-viu-a'-ta ... 

6-A 



(C/a.s\), ProtiiHS, god of t.ho soa, Imrdsman of Mio soa calvos of 
Posoidoa (Noptune), had thu power of cliangin),' liiinsolf 
into dilferont shapes, and, as a i)ioph.-t, would only answer 
tlioso boiiTul in chains (Cass. Lai Die.) ; {alt -.) divt^rsity of tho 
spocics (N. 3/227) ; 

{LatiH), Protea Faviihj, or Order; 

(Lah«), drawn out, cloiigateil ; 

(Latin), frosted or cxrered with hoay- frOfit, or a glittering,' bloom, 
or powder (H.) (Soe rorid) ; 

{Latin) [from pvound {Greplc)], nanio used by Ovid, Horace and 
Pliny (Cass. Lat. Die, N. 3/235) ; 

{Latin), like a Plum (Prnnus) ; 

(Latin), with leaves like the Plum (Prunas) ; 

(LitUn), producing itching, or an irritable sensation, when 
touched (H.) ; 

Psattdos, arthron (Greek), falsp, joint; (all:) its resemblance 
to Desmodium except that the pods are not propei ly jointed ; 

((liieisi-Greek), false Cajunus, or reserabliug Cajanus ; 

(qvLaBi-Oreek), false Capsicum ; 

(qunM-Greek), false Platanns ; 

(hybrid Latin and Greek), reaemhling the species denominated 
tenuis ; 

(quasi.Greefc), false Tsuga ; 

Psidion [from psizo (Greel), to feed on pap] (Greek), pome- 
granate ; (all :) resembling fruit, with the multiplicity of 
seeds (N. 3/233) ; '' 

Pstlos, thrix (g. trichos) {Greek), hare, hair ; (all :) absence of 
the wooUiness of allied general, nor are there any deformed 
flowers in the clusters as iu some allied genera, which give 
a scaly appearance. 

Piorleos (Greek), scabby ; (all -.) plants mostly roughened with 
glandular dots or warts (N. 3/239) ; 

Psuche, otrv.no [Greek), life, to encourage ; (all :) powerful 
medicinal qualities of some species (N. 3/239) ; 

Ftairo, Xfdon (Greek), to sneeze, wood ; (all :) sternutatory 
effects when cut ; 

Pteron (Greek), feather ; {all ■:) fronds resemble feathers: old 
name used by Dioscorides (N". 3/240) ; 

Pteron, iarpos (Greek), feather, fruit j (all :) winged pod ; 

(Greek) resembling Bracken (Pteris) ; 

Pteron, lobion (Greek), feather, pod ; (all :) frnit samar'.id, 
winged down one suture ; 

Pteron, sperma (Greek), feather seed j (all :) seeds are winged 
at upper serd ; 

Pterux (a. pteragos) sperma (Greek), wing , seed i (aZZ :) seeds 3- 
winged ; 

Ptu.x (g. ptnchos), sperma (Greek), a fold, seed j (all-) rumin- 
ated albumen (N. 3/247) ; 

(Latin), puberulous, with very short soft hair or down 
minutely pubescent (U.) ; 

(Latin), pubescent, or downy, with somewhat short, straight 
and not entangled, soft hair or (H.) ; 

(Latin), with downy flower ; 

Padam, (Hindustani), name of the plant ; 

(Latin), bashful ; 

(com) AfJ\[.N. Puerari [(pr :) Poo-air-ar-ee], botanical profes- 
sor at Copenhagen, capital of Denmark ; 

(Latin), small ay\d very preUy ; 

(Latin), very pretty i 

(Latin), pretty ; 

(Latin), raven black, bluish black with a strong lustre • 

(Latiyi), as if covered icith dust. 

(loc.) pertaining to the Palni Hills in Madura district 

(Latin), cushioned,vf\t\x a flattened convex surface 



84 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



pu'-mil-a 
puTic-ta'-tum 



pun -gens 
pn'-nic-a 

pu^nic'-e-us 



pu-nic-if-ol'-i-a 
pur -ga 

pur-pnr-as'-cens 
pnr-pur'-e-um 



pns-il'-la 
Put-ran-ji'-"va 



pyc-nan-tha ... 
Pyc-nos'-por-a 

Py-ge'-nm 
pyg-mse'-u8 ... 

pyr-am-id-a'-lis 



Py-re-nac-an'-tha 

pyr-en-a'-ic-a 

pyr-if-or'-mis 

pyi'-in-a 

Pyr'-U8 



quad-ran'-gnl- a'-re 

quad-ri 

qaad'-ri-au-ri'-ta 

qnad-rif-ol-i-a'-tu8 

quad'-rup-lex 

Qna'-moc-lit ... 



quat -tu-or 

qner-cif-ol'-i-a 

Quer'-cus 



Quil-la'-ja ... 

qui'-na 

qui-na'-ta 

quin'-que 

quin-que-cos-ta'-tuB . 

qnin-qaef-ol-i-a'-tus 



{Latin), hw in stature, compared with other species of the 

same genus (H.) ; 
{Latin), dotted with glands, sometimes translucent ; or with 

minute impressions, or with very small round dots of colour 

other than the body colonr ; 
{Latin), pungent, with sharp hard points ; 
punica {Latin), j>ertaining to Carthage ; {all :) called by Pliny 

Carthaginian Apple (N. 3/252). 
{Latin), crimson [same as phaeniceus] ; sometimes incorrectly 

interpreted scarlet [same as cocotnew*], or parmine [same as 

Tcermesinus] ; 
{Latin), with leaves like Pomegranate (Punica) ; 
{Latin), purgative ; 

{Latin), purplish, or becoming purple ; 
{Latin), purple, one-third way intermediate between crimson 

(See phaeniceus) and Indigo blue (.See caeruleus, and indi- 

goticug) ; with u touch of scarlet it forms magenta ; 
{Latin), very small, weak and slender ; 
piitra, ^iva {Sanskrit), son, life; {all '•) supposed property of 

keeping children in health, wherefore necklaces are worn, 

made of the fruits (McL. 3/711) ; 
{Greek), v:ith dense Jlowers ; 
Paknoo, spora {Greek), densley packed, seed ; {all -.) seeds more 

numerous and more closely packed than in allied genera ; 
Ptige {Greek), buttocks ; {a/l-.) shape of the fruit (Ch.); 
{Greek), dwarf, small, shoit, dense, as compared with other 

species of the same genus ; 
{Latin, from Greek), pyramidal, with the form of a cone, but, 

in some cases, with longitudinal angles instead of quite 

round; 
puren akanthos {Greek), stone of a drupe, thorn j {all :) thorn- 
like stone cf the fruit ; 
{loc.) of the Pyrenees mountains which separate France from 

Spain ; 
{Latin), shaped like a pear (Pyrus) ; 
{Latin), resembling the pear ; 
pyrus or ptrus {Latin), pear-tree; name used by Virgil (Cass. 

Lat. Die; N. 3/259) i f roxa pilr ((j. }.uros) {Greek), /iame ; 

{all:) colour of the fruit] ; from the existence of numerous 

derivatives, it was probably also Greek ; 

{Latin), quadrangular, with four angles ; 

{Latin), four (in composition, See quattuor) ; 

{Latin), with four ears, lowest pair of pinnaj bipartite ; 

{Latin), quadrifoliat e , a compound leaf with four leaflets ; 

{Latin), fourfoid ; (g. qicadruplicis) ; 

Kama,, lata {Sanskrit), {god of love) creeper ; {all :) name of the 

plant ; 
{com.) Q'liassi, a Negro of Surinam (Dutch Guiana) in the 

north of S. America, who used the bark as a remedy for 

fever (N. 3/262) ; 
{Latin) , four ; in cooa.'posMion quadri, quaterni — ; 
{Latin), with leaves like the Oak (Quercus) ; 
{Latin), name of the tree, used by Horace, Cicero, Juvenal, 

Tacitus, etc. (Cass. Lat. Die, N. 3/263) ; the derivation of 

the English word " cork," which is obtained from one species ; 

possibly also the word " Oak" is of the same derivation ; 
Quillai {Chilian), name of the tree; 

> {Latin), fivefold ; 

{Latin), Jive ; • 

(La^in), ^Ye rj^bed, when five leaves proceed from the base of. 

a leaf; 
{Latin), a compound leaf with five leaflets ; 



PRONUNCIATION ANU DElilVATlON. 



85 



qtiin'-qufl-loc-ul-a'- 

ris. 
qnin-(iue-ncr'-via 
quin'-tup-le'c 
quin-tnp-lin-er'-vis 

Qois-qua'-lia ... 



rac-c-mo-sa ... 



rac-e'-mul-if'-er-a 
rach'-is 



rac-oph-loe'-a 

Rad-di-a'-na... 

rad-i-a'-ta 

ra-di-ca'-lis ... 
ra-di'-cans 

ra-di-co'-8um 
Knlph-i-i 
Ra-ma- Var'-mae 
ra-me-a'-lis-ra' lue-us 
ra-men-ta'-'ce-a 

ra-mif-lo'-ra ... 

Ea-mont'-chi 
ra-mo'-sa 
ra-rao-sis'-sim-a 
Rand-i-a 

Ra-nnn'-cal-a'-oe-ce .. 



ra -rus... 
Ran- wolf '-1 -a 

Rav-en-a'-ia .. 



Rav.en'-i.a 
rec-li-na'-tus ., 

rec'-ta 
lec-tin-er'-TJa 

rec-ur-'vnm ., 

ref-lex'-a 

re-ga-l'is 

re-gia 

re-gi'-na 

re-gi-'nse 



reg-ul-a'-rie ., 



{Latin), with five cells, in the fruit ; 

{L<itin),five ribbed, same as quinquecostatui (q.v.) ; 
{Latin) {g. quintiplicis), fivefold; 
■ (Latin), quintupU'ribbed, when, of five ribs, two or more emerge 

just a little above the base of the leaf; 
Qvi^, qvialis {Latin), which of ^ihat kind ; {all :) it was un- 

cartain at first to what class, and of what order, the plant 

belonged (N. 3,2677) ; 
{L'llin), racemo-'e, having an inflorescence with a long undivi- 
ded axis, the flowers being arranged on either side on 

approximately equal pedicels (H.)j 
{Latin), bearing small racemes ; 
{Greek), back bone ; the axis, or a peduncle proceeding in a 

nearly right hne f)om the base to the apex, of an in/loren- 

cence, the axis, or prolongation of a petiole, of a compound 

leaf, from which the leatleis, or secondary rachides, branch 

off; 
{Greek), with bark torn in strips ; 
(com.) of Professor Raddi, Italian botanist j 
(Latin), radiate, arraneed like rays around a common centre 

(H.); 
(Latin), radical arising from the root ; 

(Latin), rooting [from radix (G. radtcis) (Latin), root ; often 
mispronounced (N. 11/354 ; or climbing by means of roots (H.) 
(D^tin), with numerous roots; 
{com.) of E.xlph [(pr : ) EaifJ. 

(com.) of Puima Varma, H.H. the Maharaja of Travancore. 
(Latin), raraeous, of, or beloagin? to, the branches ; 
(LatiJi), ramentaceous, having the epidermis covered with 

weak, shrivelled, brown, chaffy scales ; 
(Larin), vAth foxcers on the branches, instead of terminal or 

from leaf axils ; 
(com.) of Ramontch ; 

(Latin), branched, divided into many branches ; 
(Latin), icith very many branches ; 
(com.) Isaac Rand, formerly pra3feotus of the Botanic Garden 

of the .Society of Apothecaries at Chelsea, London ; 
(Latin), Crowfoot (Ranunculus [from diminutive of rana 

(Latin frog j (all: ) habitat in swamps of most species) 

Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), distant, in contradistinction to close, imbricate, etc., 

sanae as remote (q.v ); 
(com.) Leonhard liavAcolf [(pr : ) Lay-on-hart Ron-volfaJ, 

physician at Augsburg in Bavaria, who travelled throuo-h 

Palestine and other Eastern countries in 1753-5 (N. 3/279) ; 
(Madagascar), native name of the plant (N. 3- 279), also called 

Urania {class.), one of the muses j (all:) affinity to genus 

Musa (Cass. Latt Die.) i 
(Com.) Saven ; 

(Latin), reclinate, falling gradually back from the perpendi- 
cular ; 
(Latin), straight, not curved or wavy ; 
(Latin), when the ribs of a leaf are straight, almost parallel, 

but united at the summit ; or whose lateral ribs are straight ; 
(Latin), bent backward, or downward (H.) ; 
(Latin), bent abruptly backward -. or downward (H.) ; 

\ (Latin), royal, of noble ajJi^earance j 

(Latin), Queen, indicating spleudoni j 

(Latin), of the Queen, indicating splendour : or dedicated to 

Queen Victoria ; 
(Latin), regular, in which all the parte are symmetrical ,• 



86 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Rein-waidt'-ia 

rei-ig'-i-o'-sa ... 
rem.o'.ta8 
re-nif -or'- mis .. 

rep-an'-da 

re-pens 

rep-li'-a'-tus ... 

re-sin-if'-er-a... 
re-8up'-in-a'-ta 



re-tic'-o'-sa 
re'-tic-ul-a'-ta 

re-tror'- sua . . . 

ret-'u'-sa 

rec-u-sel'-la ... 
rev-ol-n'-tus ... 

Rex' ... ... 

Bhab'-di-a 

Eham-na'-ce-se 

rham-nif-ol'-i-Tis 

rham-no-i'des 

Eham'-nn8 

Rhaph-id-oph'-or-a 



Rhap'-is 
Rheed'-i-i 



Bhet'-sa 
Khi-uac-an'-thus 



Rbi-zoph'-or-a 

Rhi-zopli'-or-a'-ce-se 
Rhod-am'-ni'-a 

Rhod-od-en'-dron 



Rhod-om-yr'-tus 



(com.) K. G. K. Reinwardt [(pr:) Rine-varrt] 1773—1822, 
director of the Botanic Garden as Leyden, South Holland, 
(N. 3/282) i 
(L'/tin), sacred, consecrated to some deity, or used for religious 

jjnrposes i 
(Latin), remote, in contradistinction to close, dense, imbricate i, 

etc.; "' 

{Latiyi), Kidney shaped, cordate (q.v.) with the apex flattened 
out into an arc with a long radius or into a nearly straight 
line ; 
{Latin), repand, having a margin waved so as to form indis- 
tinct lobes [not up and down, which is undulate] i 
(Latin), repent, growing along, or somewhat under, the 

ground rooting as it grows (H) ; 
(Latin), replicate, when the upper part is curved back and 

applied to the lower ; 
(Latin), producinglresin ; 

(Latin), resxcpinate, turned or twisted so that the parts, 
normally in one direction, are eventually in the opposite 
direction (H.) ; 
(Latin), forming a network ; 
(Latin), icith net ves forming a netu'ork (H.) : projecting a little 

above the surface ; 
(Latin), turned backwards or in opposite direction to that of 

the apex of the body to which the part turned appertains ; 
(Latin), retuse, with a small shallow notch in a rounded apex 

(H.) ,• 
(Latin), slightly retuse i 
(Latin), revolute, having the margins, or apex, rolled backward 

spirally upon the under surface (H.) j 
(Latin), King, indicating splendid appearance ; 
rhabdos (GreeV) stritch ; (all : ) swiichy habit (Ch.) ; 
(Latin), Buckthorn (Rhamnus) Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), icith leaves like the Buckthorn ; 
(Greek), resetnhlinj the Btuckthorn ; 
rhamnos (Greek), prickly shrub, name used by Theophratus for 

the plant (N. 3/288) ; 
rhaphis (g. rhaphidos), p}ioreo (Greek,) needle, to hear ; (all -. ) 
ueedle-like liairs which abound in the intercellular spaces of 
the plant (N. 3/288) ; 
rhapis (Greek), needle ; (all -. ) needle-like segments of the 

leaves (N. 3/287) ; 
(com.) of Henricus van Rheede van Drakenstain [(pr :) Fan 
Raid " fan Drar-ken-shtine] Dutch author of " Hortus 
Malabaricus" ; published 1678 — 17<)3 ; his transliteration of 
the Malabar names was weird, and as many botanical 
names are derived therefrom, it is not surprising that people 
vary in their idea of the pronunciation (e.g., SoneriJa, 
etc.) ; 
racoa (Telugu), name of the tree ; 

Rhis (g. rhinos), akanthos (Greek), nose, Bear's-breech (Acan- 
thus) ; (all : ) curious shape »;f Acanthus like corolla 
(N. 3/289) ; 
Rhiza, phoreo (Greek), root, tn hear ; (all.) aerial roots which 

they produce ; 
(Latin), Mangrove (Rhizophora) Familn, or Order ; 
rhodamnos (Greek), small branch ; (all : ) size of the plants 

(N. 3/291); 
rhodon, dendron (Greek), rose, tree ; (all :) rosy red flowers, 
name of the plant (N. 3/291); lirst o often wrongly pro- 
nounced long (N. 4/35i) ; 

rhodon, nnirtos (Greek), rose, 'myrtle; (all:) rose-coloured 
flowers, and aflBnity (N. 3/298); 



PftONDNCIATlON AND DERIVATION. 



87 



rhod'-os 
rhoin-bif-ol'-I-a 

rhom-bo-i'-de-a 
llhop'-al-os-ty'-lis 

Rhas' 

fihyn-cho-si-a 

Khyn-chos-ty'-lis 

Ri'-bcs 

Ricli-ard'-i-a-na 



Ric'-in-us 
li-dic'-ul-a 
rig'-id-a 
riii'-j<enB 



ri-pa -ii-a 
Rifcoh-ie-a'-na 
Ritch'-ie-i 
ri-va'-lis .„ 
Ri'-ve-a 

Riv-i'-na 

Rob-in-so'-ui-a'-na 



Ro'-bur 

Ro-bus'-ta 
Rod-i-aj'-i 



ro-hit'-uk-a . 
Rondelet'-i-a 
ro'-rid-u8 

Ros'-a 



Ros-a'-ce-ic ... 
ro8-a'-ce--us ... 

ros-a-si'-neu'-sis 

ros'-e-a 

ros'-e-o-pic'-ta 

ros-mai-i'-nif-ol'-i-a. 

Ro6-mar-i'-nu8 



(Greefc), rosy pink ; 

{Latin), uith rhnmhic leave-i ; with four more or less equal sides 

and lateral angles obtuse (H); 
{Greek), rhombic in outline ; 
rhopdlon, .^talos {Greek), club, pillar ; {all -.) club shaped snadix 

(N.3/2'jy); ^ ^ 

rhoas {Greek), name of the plant nsed by Theophrastno 

(N\ 3/30U) J 
rhunchos {Greek), beak ; {all -.) shape of the keel (See Papilioneae) 

(N. 3/302) ; \ 1- J 

rhuncho.i, stulos {Greek), beak, pillar ; {all :) shape of the 

stamino-pistillary column {H. 3/3U2) ; 
ribes l?revand (McL. 3/3G3)j {Arabic), name of Rhubarb 

(PJieum) wrongly applied to this {N. 3/303) ; 
(cow.) 0/ Achille Richard [(pr.) Ar-sheel Ree-sharr], author 

of "Flora of New Zealand"); and his father ii.C. Eic/iard, 

two celebrated French botanists. 
{Latin), a tick ; {all;) resemblauce of seeds thereto (N. 3/307) j 
{Latin), droll, ourious,; 
{Latin), stiff; 
{Latin), grinniri'j a term applied to a mouopetalous corolla 

haviug an unequally divided limb, the uiqjer divisiun, or Jip, 

being arched, the lower prominent and pressed against it, so 

that, when compressed, the whole resembles the month of a 

gaping animal ; 
{Latin), pertaining to stream banks ; 

I {com.) of Dr. Ritchie of Bombay, collected plants in Belgaum, 
{Latin), growing beside streams (II.) ; 

(com.) Auguste de la Rive [(pr :) O.goost der Jar ReevJ physio- 
logical Professor of Geneva, Switzerland (N. 3/309); 

{com-) A. Q. Rivinus [(pr :) Ree-vee-noosj of .Saxony, 1652— 
1722, Professor of Botany audaMedicine at Leip/.ig (N. 3/309); 
{com.) of Robinson ; it is not known who this Robinson is ; a 
plant called Bob.insonia, of Juan Fernandez Island, was dedica. 
ted by Monsr. DecandoUe to Defoe's Robinson Crusoe Treas. 
Bot.) ; 

{Latin), strength ; {all.) durability of the wood ; " hearts of 
Oak " is used metaphorically, indicative of strength ; 

{Latin), stiong ; 

{com.) Hugh Rodie, Surgeon resident #in Demarara, British 
Guiana, South America, who discovered the alkaloid Bibi- 
sina in Greenheart (Nectandi'a) as a substitute for ciuinine 
(Eno. Brit.) ; 

rohxtaka {Sanskrit), red tree ; {all -.) iimer bark which is used 
medicinally j name of the tree (McL. 762.) ; 

{com.)Witliam Rondelet, 1507 — lo6H, scientilic physician, autho- 
rity on fishes and Algas (N, 3/313) ; 

{Latin), dewij, covered with little transparant elevations of the 
parenchyrha (cellular tissue), which have tlie appearance of 
hue drops of dew, less opaque than in piuinose (q.v.) ; 

{Latiyi), name used by Virgil, Horace, Evid, Cicero, Plantus 
and others (Cass.Lat. Die), although the o is long in English 
it is short in the Latin [cf. Antigonon. lihiflorus, Croton, 
etc.] ; 

{Latin), Rose (Kosa) Family, or Order ; 

{Latin), ro^e-like, or rosaceous, haviug the same arrangement of 
the petals as of a single rose ; 

{Latin), Chinese rose ; 

{Latin), pink, rose-coloured, pale" crimson (See phoenicsus) ; 

{Latin), streaked with pink ; 

{Latin), with leaves like Rosemary (Rosmarinus) ; 

Ros, mdr'mus {Latin), dew, of the sea : {all :) habit of the clant 
(N. 3/328); ^ 



8S 



PRONUNCIATION AND DElilVATlON. 



ros-tra'-ta 
ros-ul-a'-iis ... 
roa-ul-a'-ris ... 

Kot'-ang 

ro-ta'-ta 

Roth-i-a -na ... 
Eoth'-i-i 

Rott-le'-i'i 

Rott-le'-ri-a'-na 

rottt-le'-rif-or'-mis .. 

rot-nn'-da 

rot-nn*da-'ta ... 

rot-un'-dif-ol'-i-a 

Rou-pel-li-a ... 

Rou-re-a 

Rox-burgli'-i-a'-ce-as. 

Roa,-bu!-gli'-i-a'-Da . 
Rox-burgh'-i-i 

Royl-e-a-na ... 

rnb-el'-Ia 
rub-es'-ces ... 
ilub-i-a'-ci-se... 

rab-ic-au-'lis... 
rub-ic-un'-da... 
rub'-id-a 
rn-bi-gin-o'-sam 

rub'-ra 
rnb'-ro-cae-rul'-e-a . 

rnb-ron-er'-vi-a 
Rub'-us 

i"u'-fa ... 
ru-fes'-ceiiB ... 
ru-go'-8u8 

ru-gnl-o-sa ... 
ru-min-a'-ta ... 



Rumph'-i-a 
Riimph'-i-i 

run-cin-a'-tas. 



ru-pic- o-a 
lus-cifol'-i-a ... 
Rub'-cus 
RuB-sel'-i-a ... 

Rus-sell-i-a-num 



(Latin), beaked, having a narrow elongated process (H.) ; 
, ] {Latin), rosulate, of leaves, packed closely together, by short- 
, 3 ness of their internodes, over one another like the petals of 
a double rose ; 
Rotan {Malay), jparcd, or trimmed ; name of the plant 

(McL. 3/751) ; 
{Latin), rotate, wheel shaped, — of a corolla, with short tube 

and flat spreading limb (H.) ; 

(co?M.; Dr. A. W. Roth [(pr :) Roat], German botanist, author 

of " Nova plantarum species jprassprtim Indias oi-ientalis," 

(Ch.) ; 

"1 {com.) Revd. Dr. Rottlor, co-author (with Heyne and Klein) of 

J " Herbarium Madrasjjatense " ; long time resident in 

Tranquebar ; 
, {Latin), resembling Rottlera (Mallotus) ; 

■ [ {Latin), round, nearly circular in outline (H.) ; 

(Latin), round, with leaves ; 
,. (com.) Rou2^eU family, encouragers of botany (N. 3/329) ; 
{Quian a), nume of one of the species, probably i(_N. 3/329;; 
{Latin), Roxburghia Family, or Order ; 

{{com.) of Dr. William Roxburfjh, M.D., f.r.s.e., etc., author of 
"Flora Indica ", published in 1832 by Rev. Dr. Carey, of 
" Plants of the Coromandel Coast ", 1795, and of " Hortus 
beoghaleiisis"; the father of Indian Botany : 
{covi.) of Dr. J. Forbes Royle, m.d., v.p.a.s., Botanist to the 
Indian Government, author of several botanical works j 

■ [ {Latin), becoming red, reddish ; 

{Latin), Madder (Rubia [from rubug (Latin), red ; (all -.) dye] ) 

Family, or Order ; 
(Latin) , icith a red stem ; 
. (Latin), rosy red (H.) j 
(Latin), reddish (H.); 
(Latin), rusty red, dull red with slight admixture of brown, 

[darker than ferrugineus] ; 
(Latin), red, general terni for all shades of red ; 
(Latin), red and blue, red and blue on the same organ, or red 

changing to blue, and vice versa ; 
(Latin), ^vith red nerves ; 

(Latin), name of the plant used by Yirgil, Caosar, and other ; 
often wrongly pronounced Avith the first u long (N, S/So^) ; 
(Latin), reddiah brown (H..); 
(Latin), becoming reddish brown (H..) ; 

(Latin), full of wrinkles (H.) ; the surface being covered with a 
net work of lines, and the interstices convex ; 
„ (Latin), full of small wrinkles, or somewhat wrinkled ; 

(Latin), ruminate, as if cheiered, when a body is pierced in 
various directions by narrow cavities tilled with dry cellular 
matter ; 
r(com-) G. -B- Rumphius, or van .Rumph [(pr.) fan Rooms] m.d. 
I (^Hanavensis), senior merchant. Consul, and Dutch botanist 
■■J of Amboynu, in the Southern Molucca Islands, and author 
•• 1 of " Herbarium ambaynense " 1750 j 
\^(com.) of O. E. Ruvifhius ; 
(Latin), book-backed, curved in direction from the apex to the 
base J usually applied to the serratures of a deeply serrat 
or piunatifid leaf ; 
(latin), inhabiting cliffs and rocks j 
(Latinj, with Leaven like Butcher's Hroem (Ruscus) ; 
{Latin), name used by Virgil and Pliny (N. 3/335) ; 
(co7n.) Alexander Russel, m.i>., J'.k.s., author of "Natural 
History of Aleppo," 1756 (N. 3/335) j 
.. (cow.) ofRxisseU; 



rRONUNClATION AND DERIVATION. 89 



Ka-ta 



,.. Rilto [from ruomai (Orcck) to preserve; (aH :) medicul effect] 
{Greek), name of the plant (N. 3/3:J7} ; 
Kn-ta'-ce-ae ... ... (Latin), Rue {Rntii) Family ov Order ; 

rut'-il-au8 ... ... {Latin), auburn, deep red with metallic luBtro (H.); 

Sa'-bal ... ... {South American), naiue of the plant ;' 

Sa'-bia Saba (Zqa.) a district in Arabia Felix, uoLed for its perfumes- 

{all :) scent of the flowers ; 
Sab'-i-a'-cc'ae... ... {Latin), Sabia Family, ov Order ; 

Sab.i'-m-a'nus ... (com.) Joseph Sabine, k.r.s., r.u.s., Secretary of the Horticul- 

t-iral Society, London ; 
sac'-char-if'-er-a ... {Latin), s a gar producing ; 

( Sachdron {Greek), from Sharkard (Sanskrit), piece; {all:) 
I Sticks into which cut fur producing sugar (McL.' 3;857,) 
Sac'-char-um ...-{ (N. 3/339/3) ; ' 

I Nicholson puts the accent on the second syllable, probably a 
(^ misprint ; 
Sac-col-ab'-i-um ... Saccus, labium {Latin), hag, Up; (all -.) bagery lip of the corolla 

(N. 3/34U) ; 
Sac-oop-et'-al-um ... Sakkos, pe talon (Greek), bag, petal ; (all -.) saccate base of the 

petals ; 

Sag-er-re'-a *a;>ri (Afa/i?-a<t!, Crtwajese) name of the plant (Ch.) ; 

Sag-er-e'-ti-a (com.) M. Sageret [pr : Sar-zher-ay], distinguished French 

ag:riculturalist [N. 3/34:1) ; 
sag-it'-ta'-ta (Latin), arroahead shaped, with. T^ointed apex, cordate, but net 

rounded, at base with basal lobes directed downwards, into 

points (See hestate) (H) ; 
sag-it'-tif-ol'i-us ... (Latin), with arrow-head shaped leaves ; 
Sal-a'-ci-a (Cia.s.) Saiacia, or Tethys, wife of Neptune (Okeanos) (goddess 

of the Sea) ; (all :) sea green flowers and leayes (h. 3/34)3) j 

Sal-ic-a'-ce-;e (Latin), Willov: (ialix) Fa-<ntly, or Order ; 

sal'-ic-if-ol'-i-a ... (Latin), with leaves like tite willow; 

sal-ic'-in-a ... ... (Latin), resembling t'ne willow, 

Sal-ic-or'-ni-a ... sal (g.; salis, cornu (Latin), iait, horn ; (a/i :) economical pro- 

ducts, and hornlike branches (N, 3/843) ; 
sal-ig'-na ... ... (Latin), resembling the iiilloi':, Byritchy ; 

Sal'-ix (Latin), name of the plant iired by Virgil and others (X. 3/345) • 

sal-mo'-ne-us ... (Latin), Salmon pink, similar to cinnabar, (q.v.) but clearer' 

intermediate between orange and rosypink (See phaj mceus) ' 
sat-sol-o-i'-des .. (hyorid Ljtin and Greek), resemhlinp Saltwort (Salsola^ from 

diminutive of salsus (Latin), salted; (all-.) habitat salt 

swamps (N. 3/348) ; ' ' ' . 

Sal-va-do'-ra (com.) J. Salvador l(s>r.) Sarl-var-doarl, Spanish botanist 

IN. 3/348); 
Sal-va'-do-ra'-ce-iE ... (Latin), Salvadora Family, or Order; 
Sal--vi-a Salveo (Latin) to he 2I ; [all:) medicinal qualities ; name used 

by Phny (S . 3/459) ; 

'" > (Latin), icith leaves like the Sage (Salvia); 

Sam'-ad-er-a Samadara (Singhalese), name of the plant (McL. 3/781) ; 

sa'-man ... ... Zamang (Venezuelan), zinme oi the tree, (liloL. 31104:8) ; 

Sam-bac Zambac (Amhic) white lily; (all:) whiteness and scent 

(McL. 8/38); ' 

sam-bu'-cin-a ... (Latin), reseuibling the Elder (ianxbucns) ; 
Sam-bu'-cus Sambuke \Oreek), pipes musical instrument ; (all :) made of 

Elder wood ; name used by Pliuy (N. 3 353) ; 
Sa-myd-a'-ce-a3 ... (.Latm), Samyda [irova Samxidos (Greek), the birch tree ; (all:) 

resemblance in haoit ; name uted by' J heophraatuslVamtZu. 

or Order ; ' r j », 

San-che-zi-a (com.) Josef Sanchez (pr.:) Ho.-zaif Sarn-kaive), Professor of 

Botany at Cadiz in Spain (N. 3 3^4.) ; 
San-co'-na (Brazilian), name of the plant ; 



sal-Ti-ae-fol'-i-a 
sal-vif-oi'-i-a 



90 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERiVATION. 



Banc'-tum 

San'-der-i-a'-na 

San-do' -ric-um 

san-guin'-e-uni 

San-tal-a'-ce-se 

san-tal-i'-nus 

san'-tal-o-i'-des 

San'-tal-um 



sap'-id-a 
sap-i-on'-tum 
Sa-piii-da'-ce-a3 
Sa-pin'-dus 

Sap' i-um 

Ra-po-na'-ri-a 
Sap-o'-ta 
Sap-o-ta'— ce-se 
Sap'-pau 
Sap-ros'-ma ... 

Sar-a'-ca 
Sar-caa'-thus 

Sar-coc-epli'-al-us 

Sar-C'joli-i'-lu8 

Sar-coc-oo'-ca 

sar-coph-yl'-ius 
Sar-co8-tem-ma 
Sar-cos-tig-nia 
sar-men-to-sa 

Sas'^saf-ras' ... 



sat-i'-ra 
Sau-rau'-ja ... 

Saur'. op-US ... 

Sax'-if-rag-a'-ce as 
Bca-'ber 

8ca-ber'-ul-ura 
soa-bi-o'-sa ... 
Bca'-bra 

sca'-brel-'la ... 
sca'.brid-a 
Boa-broph-yl'-la 

ScEe'-vol-a 



Boal'-pe 

Bcan'-deus 
Boaph-ig'-er-a 



(Lutin), holy, used for religious iDurposes ; 
(com.) of Sander ; 

Santur (Malaijan), name of the tree (McL.3/463 ; N 3/355) ; 
(Latin), blood red, dull red passing into brownish, black ; 
[Latin), Sandalwood (antelum) Familij, or Order ; 
(^Latin), resemhlinj sandalwood ; 
(quasi-g/eefe), resembling sandalwood ; 

Santalon (Greeli) (from Clianduna), {ftansTcrit), gladdening; 
(all:) auvoma, and medicinal properities names of the tree 
(McL. 3/782; N. 3/350) ; 
(Latm), Jlavoursome; 
(Latin), of the wise men ; 

{Latin), ISoapnut (SajDindus) Familij, or Order; 
Sapo, indicus {Litin) Indian Soap ; {all :) detergent property 

of the fruits ; 
{Latin), name given by Pliny to a resinous pine; {all :) 

nuetuous exudation from the wounded trunk (N. 3/358) ; 
{Latin), used as soap ; 

Zapota (West Indian), name of the tree (McL. N. 3/358) ; 
{Latin), Sup>odiUa (Jsaputa) Family, or Order ; 
Sapang {malay), name of the tree (McL. 3/783); 
Sapron, osme {Greek), 'putrid, small; {all :) feted smell of the 

plants; 
{Brazilian), name of the plant (N 3/359) ; 

Sara; {g. sarkos), anthos {Greek), flesh, flower; {all:) subs- 
tance of the fldwers (N. 3/350); 
Sarkx {g. sarkos), Kephale {Greek), fieih, head; {all :) fleshy 

heads of fruit (N. 3/336) ; 
Sarx {g. sarkos), gheilos, {Greek) flesh, lip; {all -.) fleshy lip of 

the corolla (N. 3/360) ; 
Sarx (Ct. Sarkos), Kokkos {Greek), Jlesh herry ; (aW:) fleshy 

fruits (N. 3/361) ; 
{Greek), with fleshy leaves ; 

{Greek), with fleshy crown ; {all :) fleshy inner corona (N. 3/361) ; 
{Greek), ivith fleshy stigma ; 
{Latin), Sarmentose, bearing long slender branches, or runners 

(H.); 
{Spanish), Saxifrage [saxifraga {Lctin), rock, break ; {all :) 

curative for stone in the badder (N. 3/370)] ; {all:) supposed 

similar properties (N. 3/367) ; 
{Latin), cultivated (H.) ; 
(com.) Saurawjo [' pr :) Sou-rou-ho], Portuguese botanist, a 

friend of Willdenow (N. 3/368) ; 
SdUros, potls {Greek), lizard, foot ; {all :) clusters of axillary 

flower buds, with slender pedicels and the buds at the tip ; 
{Latin), Saxifrage (see above-Sassafras) Family, or Order ;ji 
{Latin), scabrous, rough to the touch, due to scattered hard, short, 

rigid points, or very short stiff hairs (H.) ; 
{Latin), so7newhat scabrous ; 
{Latin), rough, scaly ; 
{Latin), scabrous ; 
{Latin), slightly scabrous ; 
{Latin), somewhat scabrous ; 
(bad hybrid, Latin, Greek), rough leaved ; [the proper Greek is 

sclerophylla, a word sometimes used] ; 
{Latin), diminutive of scxvus {Latin, [from sktfios {Greek)]"), 

left hand ; {all :) iovaioi the corolla, which is monopatalous, 

usually 5-parted and oblique, and has its tubes split on the 

upper side (N. 3/377) ; 
shdlipl {Sanskrit) [from shala {Sanskrit) to shine], name of the 

plant (McL. 3/655,1813). 
{Latin), climbing ; 
acapha, gero {Latin), boat, to carry ; {all :) follicles ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



91 



car-i-o -sa 



Schcff'-lor-a ... 
Sclum-pur-i-a'-ua 



Schi'-nus 

Scliiz-ic-r,'-c'Fi-;v: 

Bcliiz-op-et'-al-us 
S:;lileich'-er-a 

Schmidt'-i-i ... 
Eohol-a'-ris 

Scliot'-ti-i 

Schro'-ber-a .. 



Bchist-a'-ce-us 
Schre'-ber-i 
8ciii-dap'-sus 
8ci-pi-o'-num 
Sci-ta'-niiu-a'-ce-aj , 

Scle-rop'-yr-um 
Scol-op'-i-a 

8cop-a'-ri-a 
8crob-ic-nl-a'-ta 

Scroph-ul-a'-ri-a'. 

ce-se. 
sciir'-rul-a ... 
scro-tif-or'-mis 
sou-ta'-ta 
scu-tif-or'-mis 
scu-tel-lif-oi-'-mis 

Scn'-ti-a 
Scyph-iph'-or-a 
Sea-forth'-i-a'-num 
se-bes-te'-na ... 

se-bif'-er-a 
Sec-am-o'-ne ... 

se-cbel-la'-rum 

sec-un'-da 

seg-ui'-iie 
sel-lEe-for'-iuis 

Sel-lo'-um 

Sel-low'-i-a'-na 

se-me-car'-pif-ol'-i-a 



{Latin from French), scarioua, tliin dry somewhat stiff, Bomc- 

what ti"insi)arcnt, not grocii (H.) ; 
(com.) SchcjUer, German botanist ; 
{com.) of WiUielm Philxpp Schimper [(pr :) Veol-helm Foe. leop 

sheem-pair], 1808 — 1880, botanist, and palajontologist of 

Alsace on the French border of Germany, author of " Indo- 

Mal. StruTidtiora" ; 
Schhios {Greek), Mastic Tree (Pistacia), )iame used by Theoph- 

rastus ; {all -.) affinity, and from maslio-like exudation from 

this plant (N. 3/381) ; 
{Latin), Comb fern (Schizaea [from schizo {Greek), to spli; 

{all :) fan^shaped or.dichotomonsly multifid. fronds {jS. 3/383]) 

Family, or Order ; 
{Greek), ivith laciniated petals ; 
{coyn.) August Schleicher [(pr :) O-goost Shli-hyair] 1821 — 18G8, 

German philologist ; 
{coyn.) of Schyyiidt [(pr :) ShmeetJ. German botanist ; 
{Latin), pertaining to a school, wood used for blackboards, etc., 

in schools (Cat. 184 N. 1/56) ; 
(cow.) of Richard Vander Schott, German traveller in Brazil 

friend and companion of Jacquin (Treas Bot.) ; 
{com.) J. C, Schreber [(pr :) shray-bair], German botanical 

author, " who has been held up to uuiversal scorn for having 

presumed, without authority, or any sort of pretension to 

a knowledge of the plants of Aublet, to alter the whole 

nomenclature of that author" (Lindl. 531) ; 
{Latin, from Greek), Slate Grey, Grey bordering on blue 
(com.) ofJ.C. Schreber; 

Skiyidapsos {Greek), an ivy- like plant ; {all :) habit {is, 3/391 
{Latiyi) of, or used for, walking sticks ; 
scTtdmenta {Latin), dainties; {all :) foodstuffs and condiments 

furnished : Ginger (Zingiber) Family, or Order ; 
sVeros, pv.TOs {Greek), hard, pear ; {all :) drupe ; 
skolopion, diminutive of skolops {Greek), a stake ; {all:) mass of 

thorns on the stem and branches ; 
{Latin), lined for Irooyns ; 

{Latin), pitted, having numerous small depressions, or excava- 
tions (See lacunose) ; 
{Latin), Fig wort (Scrophnlaria [from Scrophula {Latin), scurfy; 

{all :) supposed remedy (N. 3/397)]) Family, or Order ; 
{Laiiti), small paragite ; 
{Latin), pouch shaped, hollow and resembling a little bag ; 

\ {Latin), having figure of a email round buckler ; 

{Latin), resembling meniscoid (q.v.), but oval instead of 

round ; 
scutum {Latin) shield ; {all -.) form of the disk (ch.N ; 
sknphos, phoreo (Greek), cup, to bear ; {all -.) persistent calyx ; 
(com.) of Seaforth Australian botanist; 
Sapistan {Persian), dog's nipple; (all-.) appearance of fruit 

(McL. 3/802) ; 
{Latin), producing taUow ; 
Squamona {Arabic) [? sakmuniyd (McL. 3/801)], name of the 

plant (N . 3/402) ; 
{loc.) of the Seychelles, islands in the Indian Ocean, east of 

Zanzibar ; 
{Latin), secund, one sided, having all the parts, by twists in 

their stalks, turned on one side of the axis only ; 
{West Indi<in), name of the plant (N. 1/47-4) ; 
{Latin), saddle shaped, oblong, with the sides hanging down 

like the laps of a saddle ; 
I (com.) of C. Sellc (N. 3/97) or SeZJo«-(N. 5/596) ; German botani. 
I cal traveller in Brazil (Treas. Bot.) ; 
{Latin), v:ith leaves like the Marking Nut (Semecarpus) ; 



92 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Se-me-car'-pus 



se'-mi-a-la -ta 
8e-mi-am-plex-ic-au' 

lis. 
se'-mic-or-da'-ta 

se'-mid-ec-an'-dra 

se-mi-e-rec'-tas 

se-mit'-er-es 

sem-per-flo'-rens 
sem-pex-'-ver-ens 
sen-ec-i-o 

sea-no-i'-d68 ... 

sen-tic-o'-sa ... 
sep-al-o'-sa 
se-pt-a'-ri-a ... 
sep-ta'-ta 
sep'-tem 

sep-tem-cos-ta -tas 
sep-tem-ner'-vis 
seq-uoi'a 



ser-i-a'-lis 
se-ric'-e-a 

ser-pen-ti'-na 

ser-ra'-ta 

sT-ra'-tif-ol'-i-us 
ser-rnl-a'-ta ... 

Ses-ban'-i-a ... 

ses-sil-if-lo'-rnm 

ses'-sil-is 

ses-sil-o-i'-des 

se-tig'-et-a 

se-to'-sa 

sex' 

sex-en'-nis 
sey-clieHa'-rum 

Shor'-e-a 

Shu-te'-ri-a ... 

Shut-tle-worth'-i-i 

Bi'-am-e-a 



Semsion, Karpos {Greek), a mark, nut ; (all) : black juice of the 
nut used lor marking, or tracing designs upon, cloth 
(N. 3/-i]5); (often wrongly supposed to come from the 
Latins emi, a 'half)'\ ; 
(Latin), half winged, or winged for a portion only ; 
(Latin), half stem-clasping, amplexicaul to a less degree ; 

(Latin), half cordate, in oblique leaves the base is often cordate 

on one side and acute on the other ; 
(Latin), half ten stamened; with ten filaments of which only 

five antheriferous ; 
(Latin), halj erect, with a tendency partially to climb, partially 

to be erect; 
(Latin), half cylindric, flat on one side and terete (q.v.)on the 

other ; 
(Latin), aliraxjs flowering ; 
(Latin), evergreen • 

Senex (Latin), an old man ; (all -.) pappus [hyaline (q.v.) calyx] 
usually white aud hair-like, name of the plant used by Pliny, 
(N. 3,419) ; 
(qa-ABi-Greeic), resembling Senna (Cassia, alias Senna) [from 

Sena (Arabic) (Rox. 2/346)] ; 
(Latin), of the nature of a thorn bush ; 
(Latin), icith conspicuous sepals ; 
(Latin), usually found in hedges ; 

(Latin)^ partitioned, divided by partitions into cells ; 
(Latin), seven ; 
1 (Latin)^ seven ribbed, when seven ribs all proceed from the 
) base of a leaf ; 
(com.) See quayah a celebrated Cherokee (North American 
Indian) Chief (N. 3/i21) of gigantic stature ; (all :) the 
enormous growth of these species ; the tallest tree of the 
" Mammoth Grove " of these tree? , found by a hunting 
party in June 1850, in Upper California, was 327 feet high 
and 90 feet ^irth at the base ; another larger one, found 
later, was 112 feet girth and broken off at .'iOO feet, bub. 
from its symmetry, was calculated to be 450 feet high, and 
its annual rings showed it to be 1,100 years old (Treas. Bot.) 
(Latin), in roxcs ; 
(Latin), sillcy, covered with tine close shiny straight hairs 

(H.) ; 

(Latin), pertaining to snalces, snake like, or antidote to snake 

poison ; 
(Latin), serrate, toothed like a saw with the teeth directed 

forward (H.) ; 
(Latin), with serrate leaves ; 

(Latin), serrulate, serrate with further small teeth in each 
main tooth ; 
, Sdisbdn (Arabic), name of the plant (N 3/425 ; McL. 3/805) ; 

(Latin), with sessile Jloivers ; 
, (Latin), sessile, attached directly wit.hout a stalk (H,) ; 
. (quasi-Greek), resembling the species sesailia ; 

(Latin) bearing bristles ; 
, (Latin) bristly, furnished with stiff hairs (H.) ; 
. (Latin), six ; 

(Latin), six yearly, fl.owering, etc., once in six years ; 

(ioc.) of the Seychelles, islands in the Indian Ocean, east of 

Zanzibar ; 
(com.) Sir John Shore, afterwards Lord Teignmouth, Governor- 
General of India, 1793—1798 [I. F. VIIl-473 ; Rox. 2/615] 
(com.) Dr. Shuter, formerly a physician in Madras (ch.) ; 
(com.) of Shuttle worth ; 
. (Ioc.) pertaining to Siam, East of Bui-ma and South of the Shan 
States ; 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



9.^ 



Si' -da 

sid-e'-roph-loi'-a 
Bid-e-rox -yl-on 
sik-kiin-en'-sia 

sil-bet etf'His .. 
sil-iq-iia 



8im-ar-n-ba'-cl-tc 

sirii-i-a'-rnm ... 
eim'-plex 

sim-plic-if-ol'-I-a 

ei-nen'-sis 

sin-gam -pat'-tt-a'-na. 

3in-is.trnr'-?ain 

sin-u-a'-ta 

siph-o' 

Siph-o-c-am-pj 1-os 

sjph-o-n-an'-tha 

sis-so-i'-des 

sis-Boo 

mar-ag'-din-us 
smi'-lac-if-ol'-i-a 
£nii -lax 

Smith-1-i 



So-lan-a'-c-ae 
So-lan'-dra 



So-la'-num 

So-le'.noc-ar'-pns 

Sol'-ly-a 

Sol-u'-tns 
eom-nif'-er-a ... 
So-ner-il'-a 



slda {Greek), the water'lily, name used by TheophraBtns ; {all :) 

beantifnl wide open flower (N. 3/430) ; 
tid^ron, phloios {Greek), iron, inner lark ; 
{Greek), uith irood aa strong ad iron ; 
(ioc.) 0/ Sikkim, Native State in Northern India, adjoining 

Thibet ; 
{loc.) of Silhet, district in Assam ; 
{L'llin), a pod, usually applied to a long pod with two valves 

applied by thc-ir faces to a persistent placenta or septum 

fH.): 
{Latin), Bilterwood (Simamba [from Simarouba {Carihbfan), 

name of the tree (N. 3;4.3G)]) ; Family, or Order ; 
{Latin), of monkeys, or eaten by them ; 
{Latin) (;/. !>irr,plicis). simple, sinjle , of loaves, applied to one, 

vsith a .singli! blade, in contradistinction to comfound (q.v.), 

which have two or more leaflets ; 
{Latin), ii:ith simple leaves, as opposed to forms with compound 

leaves ; 
{loc.) of China ; Nicholson makes the first syllable short, 

whilst in the analogous word chinensis, he makes it long ; 
{loc.) of the Singampatti vaUey and hills in the Tinnevelly 

district ; 
{Latin), lejt handed, twisting from right to left, in the opposite 

direction to the sun's course ; 
{Latin), sinuate, with a strongly wavy margins forming 

rounded lobes and sinuses in the flattened organ (See 

undulatum) ; 
■nphon {Greek), a tube [sometimes wrongly pronounced with 

the i long] ; 
siphon, ka'inpy.lo3 {Greet:), tube, curved ; {all :) form of the 

corolla (N, 3/437) ; 
{Greek), icith tube likejloirers ; 
{qv 3.61- Greek), resembling the Sissoo ; 

i!)Ts« (Hindustani [from shi {Sanskrit), to attenuate , {all :) cus- 
pidate leaves ), name of the plant (McL.3'S21) ; 

{Greek), emerald green, gragsgreen, clear lively green without 
any admixture, same as pra.?inotis ^.q.v.) j 

{Latin), with leaves like American China Root or True Sarsa- 
parilla (Saiilax) ; 

smilax {Greek [from Smile {Greek), a graving chi.iel ; {all:) 
shape of the leaves (Sgk-Lex)]) {Greeh), the yew tree, name 
used by Theophrastus ; {all -.) derivation of name and the 
copious cutting prickles (S. 3 444) : 

(com.) of Sir JamesE. Smith, F.R.s., p.l.s., 1759 — 1828, founder 
of the LinnaRan Society [See Liymxi], author of " English 
Botany," "' Flora britannica," and other works (X. 3 445) ; 

{Latin), Nightshade (Solannm) Fwr.ily, or Order ; 

(com.) Daniel Charles Solander, ll.D., f.R.s., 1736 — 1782, 
Swedish botanist, disciple of Linmeas fellow traveller with 
Sir .Joseph Banks and Captain Cooke (X. 3/452) ; 

{Latin), name of the plant used by Pliny (X. 3 452 ; Cass. Lat 
Die.) ; 

Solen {j. solenos) karpos {Greek), pipe, fruit ; {all :) oblong 
drupe with truncat& end, like a pipe bowl ; 

{com.) Richard Eorsmann Solly, 1778 — 1858, vegetable physio- 
logist and anatomist (S. 3/458) ; 

{Latin), distinct (q.v.) ; 

{Latin), sleep producing ; 

(Sontri-ila) [coiTupted from surdai-i-ila, {Malayalam), beautiful 
aoman, leaf; {all :) beauty of the crozier-like racemes or 
spikes of flowers] rame of the plant (Rox. 1/177) ; Xicholsou 
(3,458) has mixed up Eoxbnrgh's 3lalayalam and Khasi 
names, and his accentuation is wrong ; 



94 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Son-rrer-a'-ti-a 



soph'-er-a 
Soph'-or-a 
Bo'-ri -,. 



So'-ym-id-a 

spar''-8i;m 
Spat.h-o'-de-a 



Spatb-ol'-ob-ns 
spatb-ul-a'-ta 

spec-i-o'-sa ... 

spec'-i-o-sis'-sim-a 

spec-ta'-bil-is 

spe-lun'-cse ... 

spba3r-oc-ai''.pa 

sphser-o-i'-de-a 

Sphaer-op'-ter-is 

spbe-noc-ar'pa 
Sphe-nod-es'-ma 

sjji-ca'-ta 
spi-cig'-er-a ... 
spi-cul-a'-tus ... 
spi-na'-rum ... 
Spi-nif-ex 
spi-no'-sa 
spi-iio-sis'-sim-a 
spi-nul-o'-sa ... 
Spi-rse'-a 

spi-ra'-lis 

Spix-i-a'-na ... 

Bplen'-dens ... 

spod' OS 
Spon'-di-as 

spoD-gi-o'-sus 
spon-ta'-iie-Diu 
spor-augoi'-a ... 
Spren-ge'-ri ... 
Spru-ce-a'-na 



aqua-ma'-f um 
squa-mo'-sa .. 
sqaar-ro'-sa .. 



{com.) Pierre Sonnerat [(pr :) Pee-)-airr So-nair-ar], 1749-1814, 
Frencb botanist who travelled into New Guinea, the East 
Indies and China, (N. .3/459) ; 

(Latin), sounding (N. 2/138) ; grows on the coast, and reverber- 
ates the sound of the surf ; 

I {Arabic), name of a papilionaceous flowered tree (N. 3/4-59) ; 

(Latin) [from Oreelc, soros], heaps, applied to defined masses, 
of characeristic shape in the different genera, of sporangia 
in Fern ; 

Somida (Telugu) [genitive of sow*, from svami (Telugii,), deity ; 

(a?i :) used for sacred pillars in temples and tanks], name 

of the tree (McL. .3/862) ; 
(Latin), sparse, arranged at some distance from each other on 

the a.'iis (II.) ; 
(spailie, eidos) (Greek), head Made, resemblance; (all:) calyx 

split on one side and resembles a broad blade or the spathe 

of palms (N. 3/467) ; 
(Greek), having a pod like a broad blade ; 

(Latin), Spathulate, plane, oblong or linear, with a broad round- 
ed apex and narrow base (H.); almost Bpoon shaped ; 
(Latin), beautiful ; 
(Latin), very beautiful ; 
(Latin), remarlcahle. notable ; 
(Latin), belonging to a cave or grotto ; 
(Greek), with globular fruit ; 

(Greeli), with a sphericnl figure slightly depressed at each end ; 
Sphdira, 'pt^ris (Greek), globe, Jem ; (all -.) the globose in- 
volucres) (N. 3/470) ; 
Sphen (G. Sphenos), Karros (Greek) ivedge, fruit ; 
Splien (G. Sphenos), desme (Greek), ivedge. fascicle ; (all:) the 

form of the inflorescence (N. 3/470) ; 
(Latin), arranged in spikes (H.) ; 
(Latin), bearing spikes (H.) ; 

(Latin), spiculate, covered with fine, fleshy, erect, points ; 
(Latin), of spines ; 

(Latin), a marker of spines ; (all :) pungent rigid le.ves ; 
(Latin), furnished with spines, (H.) ; 
(Latin), furnished with very many spines; 
(Latin) , furnishedj with little spines ; 
speirao (Greek), to wind \ (all-.) suitability of the plant for 

garlands ; name used by Theophrastus (N. 3/473) ; 
(Latin), spiral, as if wound round an axil (H.) ; twisted like a 

cork-screw : 
(com.) of Spix, fellow traveller and co-author (with Dr. von 

Martins) of " Travels in Brazil," 1823 ; 
(Latin), glittering (H,) ; where, the lusire is more broken than 

in a polished surface ; 
(Oreek), cinereous (qv.l, ash-grey ; 
spondias (Greek), a pluvi, name used by 'Iheophrastus ; (all :) 

resemblance of the fruit (N. 3/479); 
(Latin), spangy, of the texture of a sponge, porous and elastic ; 
(Latin), groiring wild ; 

sparos angeia, (Greek), sporecoses of ferns ; 
(com.) of Sprenger ; 
(com.) of Spruce; botanical collector on the Amawon and Rio 

Negro rivers of S. America, did a good deal [together with 

Markham] towards making known, and disseminating, the 

American cinchonas ; 

(Latin), be set ivith scales fixed at one end (H.) ; 

(Latin), rough with jagged projections, or— of leaves and scales 
— imbricated with tips pointed and spreading more or less 
at right angles from a common centre or recurved (H.) j 



PRONUNCIATION ANT) DERIVATION. 



95 



squnr-ro-ao-lnc-in-i-a'- 

tas. 
St,ach-yt-ar'-]5h('L-u ... 

elans'... 
fitaph-yl-i'-na 



tJtat'-ic-o 

stel-la'-tuifl ... 
stel-la-tif-or'-inia 
stel-lul-a'-tum 
Sto'-mou-a 

sten-an'-tbu8 
Sten-oc-ar'.pus 



sten-oph-yl'-la 

St.en'-os-ipli-on'-T-urn. 

Steph-an'-i-a 

Steph-an-o'-tis 

Steph-eg'-yn-e 

Ster-cuUi-a ... 

Ster-cul-i-a'-ce-a; 
Ster'-e-os-per'-mnm ., 

Ste-ven-so'-ni-a 



Stig-maph-yl'-lon 
sti-pit-a'-tno) 



stip-iil-a'-ce-um 
Btip-iil-a'-ris 
stip-ul-a'-ta ... 
Stock-si-i 

B'.ra-niin'-e-us 
stram-o'-ni-um 



Streb'-liis 
Strep-toc-Jin-lon 
Strep-tog'-ya-a 
stri-a'-tum 

stric'-tum 
stri'-dnl-a 
strig-i]-lo-sns 
strig-o'-su8 ... 



:.] 



ptri-ol-a'-lum 



(la/tn), Siiaarrose. shtahed, .slashptl with minor divisions at 

rifjlit .angles to tlic main divisimiH ; 
stachi'.s, tarphi'.s (Greek), spike, thick and dense ; (all :) infloro.^- 

cenco (N. :<; 1H3) ; 
(Lntin), utaiidinij upriijht, in oonfcradistinotion to climbing ; 
(Uifek), resymblinj a hunch of (jrapcs [I'ldni sUiphv.le (Greek), 

:i l)unch of grapes •,(all\) fruits and tlieir mode of inflores- 

cnnce. 
statt ko^, (Gri'fk) asrrinijp.nt \ (all.) properties of the plant 

'N. 3/491) ; 
(Latin), star sha/ I'd, Viith nieri.beiH radiating from a common 

centre lil<i> tlio points of a star (H.) ; 
(Latin), small star shaped, someivhat star fhafedi 
sti-mon ('/. St- mono s) (Greek), stamen; (all:) foliaceous 

stamens (N. S/l-Mij) ; 
(dret'k), irith narrow Jlowers ; 
stiinos, karpof! (Grrek), narrow, fruit ; (all :) follicles 

nsnally nearly flat, in allied genera more or less inflated, 

(N. 3/i97) ; 
(Greek), with narrow leavps ; 
(Greek), icith narrov' tube, of the corolla; 
(com.) Frofessor Frederick Stephan of Moscow, who died 1817, 

(N. 3/498) ; 

Stephanos, ok.s (g. otcs) (Greek), crown ear ; (all -.) auricles of 

the staminal corona (N. 3/499) ; 
etephos, (g. stepheos] giine (Greek), crown, female ; (all -.) 

capitate stigma above the anthers, as it were a crown ; 
Stercillius, diminutive of stercua (Latin), ordure ; (all :) flowers, 

sometimes other parts are fetid ; 
(Latin), sterculia Fairdly, or Order ; 

stereos, sperma (Greek), stiff, seed ; (all -.) seeds usually embed- 
ded in notches in the septum of capsule ; 
(cow.) Stevenson, Governor of Mauritius (N. 3/502) ; also 

wrongly written Stephensonia ; sometimes called I'homico- 

phorium (Greek), stolen palm, in allusion to the assertion 

that it was once stolen from the Royal Botanical Gardens at 

Kew (Treas. Bot.) ; 
stigma, fhv.llon (Greek), stigma, leaf; (all:) stigmas foliaceous 

(N, 3/502) ; 
(Latin), stipitate, elevated on a stalk, which is neither 

peduncle (fiowei--stalk) nor petiole (leaf-stalk), as in the 

case of some ovaries, glands, etc. ; 
(Latin), relating to stipulet; (H.), or with conspicuous stipules ; 
(Latin), taking the place of stipules (H.) ; 
(Latin), provided ii-ith stipules, (H.) ; 
(com.) of Dr. J. Ellertcn Stocks, Indian M^^dical Service, did 

useful Botanical work in the Conkan and Sind ; 
(Latin), straw-yellou', dull yellew mixed with white ; 
stru.chnos, 7ua.nikos (Greek), solanum, inclined to madness ; 

(all.) deleterious efi^^ects : term employed by Theophrastus 

and Dioscorides (McL. 3/262 ; E.D. 3/29) ; 

streblos (Greek), twisted ; (all .) usual habit; 

Strvptos, kdulos (Greek), twisted, stem ; (all : ) twining habit ; 

(Greek), twisted pistils ; 

(Latin), striate, marked with thin thread-like lines or streaks 

longitudinally (H.) ; 
(Latin), very .straight and close, or narroiv (H.) ; 
(Latin), creakinj ; 

(Latin), slightly strigose ; • 

(Latin), strigo-<e, covered with sharp pointed straight stiff hairs 
of unequal length, lying close along the Eurfaced (oppressed) 
and forming minute ridges (H.) ; 
(Latin), slightlij or mintdn, striate ; 



96 



PBONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Strob-i-lan'-thes ... strolJlos, anihos {QreeTi), fir-cone, flower: (all:) form of in- 
florescence, especially when in a yoang stage (N. .3/516) ; 
strob-i-lif'-er-a ... {Latin), producing it strobile, a niiiltiple fruit largely consisting 

of imbricating scaler, which, if woody, corresponds to a fir 

cone (H.) ; 
strob'-ns ... ... strohos (Greek), whirling round; 

Strom-bo'-si-a ... strombos (Oreek) spinning top ; {all :) tarhin&te truit ; 

Stroph-an'-thn8 ... strophos anthos (Greek) tiristed, fiower ; (all:) twisted 

elongated corolla segments (N. 3/519) ; 
Strych'-nos ... ... strv.chnos (Greek) name used by Theopnrastns for Solanum and 

allied plants ; (all .) poisonons properties of both plants 

(N. 3/320) ; 
Stu-art'-i-a'-na ... (comi) John Stuirt, Lord Bute, 1713 — 1792, zealous patron of 

Botany (X. 3/52]); 
sty-lo'-sa ... ... (Latin), with a prominent style ; 

Sty-loB-an'-thes ... sttllos, anthos (Greek), style fiower ; (all -^ its very large style, 

(N. 3/.522) ; 
Styr-a'-ce-ae ... (Latin) Storax (.Styrax), Family, or Order ; 

Styr'-ax ... ... stnrax (Greek), name used bj- Theophrastua (N. 3/523) ; 

Susa'-da ... ... suaed {Arabic), name of the plant (N. 3/523) j 

sua'-VH-ol-ens ... (Latin), sweet scented. ; 

sua'-vis-sim-a ... (Latin), very sveei ; 

sab-cor-da'-ta ... (Latin), almost cordate ; 

sub'-cor-i-a'-ce-um ... (Latin), almost coriaceous ; 

snb-e-rec'-tum ... (Latin), aPmost erect ; 

sa'-ber-if-ol'-i-um ... (Latin), corky leaved ; 

Bu-ber-o'-sa ... ... (Latin), corA;y, [not to be confused with the next] j having the 

texture of cork ; 
sub-e-ro'-sa ... ... (Latin), somewhat; erase [not to be confused with the one above] ; 

sub-glab'-ra ... ... (Lat^n), almost glabrous; 

8ub-glob-o'-sa ... (Latin), almost globose ; 

9ub-has-ta'-ta ... (Latin), somewhat hastate ; • 

sub-in t'-eg-ra ... (Latin), almost entire i 

sub-lob-a'-ta ... (Latin), somewhat lohed ; 

sub-pel-ta'-ta ... (Latin), almost peltate ; 

snb-per-fol-i-a'-ta ... (Latin), almost perfoliate ; 

sub-rot-nn'-da ... (Latin), almost round in waiters; 

sub-se-ric'-e-a ... (Latin), sonuwhat silky ; 

Bub-ser-ra'-tum ... (Latiyi), so'niewhat serrate ; 

sub-ses'-i^il-e ... {Latin), almost sessile ; 

su-bul-a'-ta ... ... (Lah>i), ai'i-s?ia_peci, narrow, stiff and tapering; from a broad 

case to a fine point (H.) ; 
snc-ce-da'-ne-a ... (Latin), acting as substitute ; 

suc-cir-iirj'-ra ... (Latin), red vheyi cut ; 

suc-cot-ri'-na ... (Ion.) of Socotra, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Cape 

Guardafoi, the north-eastern-mos^ cape of Africa ; 
suc-cul-en'-tum ... (Latin), succuUnt, very cellular and Juicy; 

suf'-irut-ic-o'-sa ... (Latin)^ almost shrubby : 
sul-ca'-ta ... ... (Latin), furrov:ed, grooved witli longitudinal depressions more 

or less parallel (H.) ; 
8ul-phur-a'-tam ... (Latin), almost sulphur coloured ; 

sul-phur'-e-a ... (Latin), sulphur coloured, a pale lively yellow, with a mi.xture 

of white ; 
Bum' -a ... ... .oa/ni (San.'^feWi), name of the tree (Rox. 3/663) ; 

sn-ma-tra'-na ... (loc.) pertaining to Sumatra, island in the Indian Archipelago 

[See Java], 
sun'-dra ... ... cftajidra (TeZugu), name of the tree ; 

siip-er'-ba ... ... (Latin), magnificent , 

Bup-erv-cl-u-ti'-va ... (Latin), supervolute, when one edge is rolled inwards and 

enveloped by the opposite edge rolled in opposite directiO|n ; 
sup-ra-de-com-poB'-it-a (Latin), supradeco^r, pound, having various decompound divi- 
sions or ramifications ; 
Su-ri-a'-na silrya (Sanskrit), sun; (all:) yellow flowers; but derivation 

doubtful ; 



V^jV 



IVvw. 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



97 



Sath-er-land'-t-a 

8wer'-ti-6-i'-d68 

8wiftten'-i-a 

8wiet-en'-i-6-i -ddn 
ayl-va'-tic-a 
Byl-ves'-tre ... 
syni-path-e'-iio-a 
ay m-phor- o'-ina, 

Bym'-ploe-os 

Syu-ad-e'-ni-uin 

Syn-car'-pi-a 

Syn-gon-i-am 

ssr'-i-ac-ua 



Tab-eb-u'-i-a ... 
Tab-er'-nae-mon- 

ta'-na. 
tab-ul-a'-ris ... 
Tac-so'-m-a ... 
tsen-i-a'-nus 

Taen'-i-oph-yr-lum 

tag-e'-tif-lo'-ra 

Tal-au'-ma 

Tal'-bot-i 

Tal'-bot-i-a'-num 

tal-li-e'-ra 

ta-lu'-ra . . 

tam-ar-in'-dif-ol'-i-a. 

Tam-ar-in'-dus 

Tam'-ar-is-ca'-ce-ae . 

Tam'-ar-ix 

Tan-ac-e'-tum 

taa-jo-reii'-se 

ta-tu'-la 

tar-tar'-e-us ... 
Ta-ver'-ni-e'-ra 

Tax'-U8 

Tec-o'-ma 



tec'-ta... 
Tec'-toa-a 

Tei-no8-tach'-y-um 

ten-a-ci8'-8im-a 
te-n'-ax 



{com.) James Sutherland, Superintendent of the Royal 
Botanical Gardons at Kiiinbuijjh, Scotland, and author of 
" Rortus Medicus Edinburgensis, " IfiHS (N. 1/527) ; 

{([MaLsi-Greek), resembling Suertin [from chirata {Sanskrit) 
mountaineer ; {all :) habitat] ; 

{com.) Gerard van Swieten '^(pr:) Jay-rard van Svee-tain], 
1700—1772, Dutcli botanist and author (N. 3/529) ; 

(quasi-Greet), resetnbliyig Maha<jony (Swietonia) ; 

(Latin), belonging to the n-oods ; 

{Greek), cfiuxing to sufftr with it ; {all :) strong curved thorns ; 
Silmphoreo (Greefc), to bring together ; {all, -.) capitate cymeo 

within the involucre ; 
SUmploke {Greek), connection ; {all :) stamens united at the 

base (N. 3/533) ; 
aun, aden {Greek), toi/ether, glund ; {all -.) {glands of the 

involucre are united in a cup or di«k (N. 3/533) ; 
sun, karpos {Greek), together, fruit ; {all :) capsule included in, 

and adnate to, the calyx tube ; 
sun, gone (Greek), together, womb; {all:) cohesion of the 

ovaries (N. 3/oS3); 
{loc.) 'pertaining to Syria, in Asiatic Turkey, extending from the 

Mediterranean sea eastward to the Euphi-ates and Arabian 

desert ; 

{Brazilian), native uaine of th« plant (N. 4/1) ; 

•{com.) James Theodore Taberniemontanus, German physician 

and botanist of Heidelburg, died 1590 (X. 4/1) ; 
{Latin), relating to boards, used for planking, etc. ; 
Tacso (feri(uiaii), name of one of the species (N. 4/3^ ; 
{Latin), tapeworm shaped, long, cylindrical, contracted at 

various places in the manner of a tapeworm ; 
tainia, phullon {Greek), riband, leaf; {all :) linear leaves of 

this orchid (N. 4/4); 
{Latin), with jlowers like the Marigold (Tagetes) ; 
{liouth American), native name of one of the species (\. 4/5) ; 
) ('0771.) of W. A. Talbot, f.l.s.. Conservator of Forests in Bom- 
) bay, and author of "Bombay List of Trees," etc. ; 
Tallier {Bengali), name of the tree (Kox. 2/174) ; 
{Tamil), name of the tree (McL. 799) ; 
{Latin), uith leaves like the Tamarind (Tamarindus) ; 
tamar-i-hindi {Arabic), ripe date of India; {all:) pulp of the 

fruit (N. 4/7; McL. 873) ; 
{Latin), Tamarisk (Tamarix) Familg, or Order ; 
{L-'tin), name used by Pliny (N. 4/7) ; 

dthdnatos {Greek), immortal ; {all :) persistent flowers (If. 4/8) : 
{loc.) pertaining to Tanjore District ; 
tatulah {hersian [from Dhattura {Sanskrit), name of the 

plancj), name of the plant (E.D. 3/29) ; 
{Latin), having a rough crumbling surface like some lichens ; 
(com.) J. B. Tavernier [(pr :) Tar-vair-nee-yaj], 1605 — 1689, 

French traveller in the Levant and India (N. 4/10) ; 
{Latin), name used by Virgil and Pliny, akin to taxos {Greek), 

used by Dioscorides (N. 4/10) ; 
Tecomaxochitl (Mexican) —abiidged name of the plunt (N. 4/12); 

Tecomatl, an earthenware vessel of peculiar shape, and 

Xocliitl, a flower, usually applied to Solandra guttata (Tresn. 

Bot.); 
{Latin), covered, with short silkly hair ; 
Tekka, tanayan {Malaijalam), Teak, progeny, name of the tree 

(N. 4/14) ; 
teiyio, stachus {Greek), to stretch, spike; {all -^ inflorescence a 

spicate panicle often with whip-like branches ; 
{Latin), very tenacious, or strong fibred ; 
(Latin), tenacious, or strong fibred ; 



98 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Te-lo'-pe-a 

ten'-er-a 
ten'-n-if-ol'-i-um 
t,en'-u-is 
Teph-ro'-si-a ... 

ter'-es 

ter'-et-ic-of'-nis 
ter -et-it-ol'-i-a 

terg-em'-in-a . 
terg-em-in-a'-ta 

Ter-min-a'li-a 

ter-min-a'-lis 
ter'-na 
ter-na'-ta 
Ter-na'-te-a ... 
ter-nif-ol'-i-a 
ter-nif-lo'-ra ... 

Tern-stroem'-i-a 



^ . Tern-strcem'-T-a'-ce-a^, 

tes-sel-la'-tus 



tes-ta'-ce-ns 
tes-tic-ul-a'-ta 
tet'-ra 

tet-rac-an'-tha 
Tet-rac'-er-a ... 



cinereouti (q.v.) ; (all -.) colour of 
or slightly tapering : usiially used 



tet-rag-o'-iia ... 
tet-rag'-yn-a ... 
Tet-ram'»el-es 

tet-ran'-drum 

tet'-raph-is ... 

tet-ras-per'-mnm 

tex'-til-is 

The'-a 

Tlie-ob-ro'-ma 

The-si'-um 



Thes-pes'-i-a . 

The-ve'-ti-a ... 

Thomp'-son-aB 
Thomp'-son-i ... 

Th.om'-son-i 
Thom'-son-i-a'-nus 

Thri'-nax 
Thixn-berg'-i-a 



telopas (Greek), seen at n distance ; (all :) conspicuous crim- 
son flowers (N. 4/15) ; 

(Latin), tender ; 

(Latin), with thin leaves ; 

(Latin), thin ; 

tephros (Greek), ash-grey, 
the leaves (N. 4/17) ; 

(Latin), cylindrical (H.) : 
in contradistinction to angular ; 

(Latin), tvifh a cylindrical horn, or projection ; 

(Latin), vith cylindrical Leaves; 

f (Latin), fergemenate, where each of two secondary rachides 
bsars towards its snmrait one pair of leaflets, and the com- 
mon rachis (central axis) a third pair at the origin of the 
secondary rachides ; 
terminally (Latin), at the end : (all -.) disposition of the leaves 
of some species towards the end of the brachhlets (N. 4/17) : 
(Latin), at the end ; proceeding from the extremity ; 

[ (Latin), three in a whorl, or cluster (H.) ; ternate ; 

(Ice.) of the Island of Ternate, one of the Moluccas ; 

(Latin), with ternate leaves, or, sometimes, 3 digitate leaflets; 

(Latin), with ternate Jfowers ; 

(com.) Cristopher Ternstrcenx [(pr :) Cree-sto-fair-Tairn- 
stroom], Swedish naturalist and traveller in China, died 
1745 (N. 4/17) ; 

(Latin), Ternsfrcemia, more commonly called the Tea (Camellia) 
Family, or Order ; 

(Latin), tessellated, where colours are arranged in small 
squares, so as to have the appearance of a tessellated pave- 
ment ; 

(Latin), huff, dull brownish yellow Tike unglazed pottery ; 

(Latin), having the figure of two oblong or ovoid bodies ; 

(Greek), four ; 

(Greek)j having four thorns; 

tetra, keras (Greek), four, horn ; (all .) curved shripe of the four 
capsules (N. 4/19) ; 

(Greek), four angled; 

(Greek^, with four pislils ; 

tetra, melos (Greek), four, limb ; (all :) calyx teeth 4, styles 4, 
lines or ridges on the capsule 4 ; 

(Greek), with four stamens ; 

(Greek), with four projections ; 

(Greek), with four seeds ; 

(Latin), useful for tveaving purposes ; 

te (Malayan), native name of the plant (McL. 883) ; 

Thios broma (Greek), god, food; (all-.) produce of the seeds, 
(N. 4/26) ; 

theseion (Greek), name used by Theophrastus for a kind of flax, 
and converted with thesion (Latin), by Pliny j but often mis- 
pronounced with the i short (!^. 4/355) ; 

thespesios (Greek), divine ; (oH :) frequently planted about 
temples and churches (N. 4/2'^) ; 

(com.) Andr. Thevet [(pr:), Tay-vay], 1502—1590, French 
monk who travelled in Brazil and Guiana (N. 4/27) ; 

(com.) of Mrs. Thompson ; 

(com.) of Thompson ; 

(com.) of Dr. Thomas Thomson, M.D., f.l.s., co-author, with Sir 
J. D. Hooker, of " Flora ludica " and who assisted in the 
preparation of the " B^lora of British India "; 

(Greek), a fan ; (all :) form of the leaves (N. 4/29) ; 

(com.) Karl I'eter Thunherg [(pr :) Toon-bairg), 1743—1828, 
Swedish botanist, pnpil of Linnaeus, author of " Travels " 
(1795), " Flora Japonica," etc.; 



PRONUNOrATfON AND DRRIVATrON. 



99 



Thun-borg'-t-i 
Thny'-a 
Thwaites'-i-i ... 

Thyiii'-cl-iDii'-OH-a> 

thyr-sif-lo'-ra 

thyr-so-i'-dn-a 
Thys'-an-ol-iv-na 



Tib-oiich-i'-na 

Htf'-li-iim 

Til'-i-a 

Til-i-ft'-ce-fe .. 
til i-a'-ce-us . . 
Til-i-a'-cor-a .. 
til-i-tvj-fol'-i-a ., 
ti-nior'-i-en'sis 
tinc-to'-ri-a 
ting'-ens 
Ti-noa'-por-a . . 

ti'-nus 
tir-uc-al'-li 

Ti-tho'-ni-a .. 



tith-ym-al'-d-i'-des 
tjak'-el-a 

Tod'-dal-i-a ... 



to-men-to'-sa 

t-.oo'-na 
to-po'-si-a 
tior'-a ... 
Tor-rey-a'-na 



tor'-ta 
tor'-fcil-is 
tor-tu-o'-8us ... 
tor-ul-o'-sa 

tor'vum 
Tour-nef-or'-ti-a 



tox-ic-a'-ri-a ... 
Tox-oo-ar'-pus 



Trach-e'-lo8-per'-nium. 
Tra-chyc-ar'-pus 

7-A 



(rom.) of K. P. Thunherg ; 

Thuia (GrepJc), iiiinrio uaod by Thcophi'aHtuH (N. 4/;i3) ; 

(com.) of Dr. (J. II. K. Thwaitcs, k.l.s., anthor of " Knumeratio 

plaritarum zoylanicariini, " 1836; 
(Latin), Thijmeltta [thiXvios, eldia (Oreek), Ihyme, olive ; (all :) 

Tliynio like foh'ag'o and olive like fruit] Famihj, or Order; 
(Latin), with /loirers in a thyme, or a panicle whose principal 

diameter Ib initlway between the base and apexl(N. 4/;J6) ; 
(Oreeh), resp.mhling a thyrse ; 
thv'sdnoi, lenos (Oreek), fringe, wool ; (all :) erect white hairs on 

the innermost glumo of the sjiikelots, which are inimmer- 
able ; 
(com.) Tibouchin [(pr :) Tee-boo-shang], French botanist ; 
(Chinese), name of the plant; 
(Latin), name of the plant used by Virgil and Pliny (N. 4/39 } 

Cass. Lat. Die.) j 
(Latin), Linden (Tili'a) Family, or Order ; 
(Latin), resemblintj the Linden (Tilia) ; 
(Tiliakoru) (Bengali), name of the plant (N. 4/41) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like the Linden (Tilia) ; 

(loc ) pertaining to Timor, an island of the Malay Archipelago ; 
(Latin), used for dying ; 
(Latin), used for co louring ; 
tetno, spora (Oreek), to stretch like a 6oi(', seed ; (all :) seeds 

curved round the intruded cndocarp ; 
iLatin), name used by Ovid for the plant (Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 
> tirukalli (Malayaiam), twisting, false tree ; (all :) absence of 

leaves ; name of the tree ; 
(Clas.) Tithonus, husband of Aurora (goddess of the morning), 

who obtained the gift of immortality, but not of perpetual 

youth, and was ultimately changed into a grasshopper ; (all :) 

preference of the flowers for the morning sun ; 
(Greek), resembling the spurge (Tithymalns alias Euphorbia) ; 
chakl-a, ila (Malayaiam), death, leaf ; (all :) deciduous nature 

of the folia.ae (McL. 73) ; 
toddali (corrupted from tiitali) (Malayaiam), chain plant ; (all :) 

ciiain of thorns (McL. 905) : Nicholson makes the a in the 

second syllable long, which is not justified from the word 

whence the name is derived ; 
(Latin), tomentose, or felted densely covered with short soft 

tangled hairs like matted wool (H.) ; 
tun (Hindustani), name of the plant ; 
Toposi (Bengali), name of tlie plant: 
tora (Singhalese), nanie of the plant; 
(com.) ofDr John Torreij, 1796 — 1873, American botanist, author 

of Synopsis of North American plants, 1836, " Flora of 

North America," etc. (N. 4/59) ; 
(Latin), tiristed ; 
(Latin), twisting ; 

(Latin,), tortuous, bent irregularly in differe}it directions (H.) ; 
(Latin), torulose, or knotted, more or less cylindrical with oov- 

tractions at intervals (H.) ; 
(Latin), Savage, armed with severe prickles ; 
(coin.) Joseph Pitton de Tournefort [(pr ;) Zho-zeff Pee-torng 

der Toor-ner-f or], 1656— 1708, distinguished French author 

of " Institutiones rei herbaria^ " (N. 4/64) ; 
(Latin), Poison producing ; -• 

toccon, Karpos (Oreek), boir, fruit ; (all :) the follicles when. 

ripening ai>e spread out and curved, much in the form of a 

bow, between th'Bm ; 
trchelos, sperma (Greek), neck, seed ; (all :) apical elongation 

of the seeds (N. 4/64); 
trchns, Earpos (Qreett), rough, frnit ; (all :) rough, hairy fruit 

(N. 4/64); 



100 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



Traar'-i-a 

tran-queb-a'-)'i-eii'-sis 
trap-e-zit-or'-mis 

trav-an-co-ren'-sis ..."I 
tray-an-co'-ric-a ... I* 

trav-an-co'-ri-en'-sis 
treis' ... 
Tre'-ma 

trem'-nl-nm 



tree' ... 
Trew'-i-a 

tri-an'-dia 
t,ri-ang'-Til-a'-re 

. Tri'-as 



trib'-ul-o-i'-des 
trich-an'-dra ... 
trich-oc-au'-lon 
trich -os-tach'-y-um 
trioli-ot'-om-um 

tric'-ol-or 
tric-oa-ta-tuB ... 

trip-lic-os-ta'-tus 

tric-ns'-pis 
trid-en-ta'-tus 

trif-as'-ci-a'-ta 

trif-lo'-ra 

trif-ol'-i-a 

trif-ol'i-a'-ta .. 

trig-o'-na 

Trig-o'-nos-te'-mon 

trig'-yn-a 
trij'-ug-a 
triKob-a 

tril-ob-a'-ta ... 
Trim'-eii-i 



trin-er'-vita ... 

tri£-ol-i-ol-a'-tu8 
tri-on-if-lo'-ra... 
Triph-ae'-i-a ... 



(com.) Jerome Bock, alias Tragus [_tragos (Greek), he-goat ; {all :) 
Bock is the German for a he-goat], 1498— 1554, a German 
botanist (N. 4/65) ; 

(loc^ 'pertaining io Tranquebar ; 

(Latin), trapeeiform, having four edges, two of which are oppo- 
site not being parallel ; 

(loc.) pertaining to Travancore ; 

(Oreek), three ; in composition, tri — ; 

trema (Greek), what is pierced ; (all :) softness and porosity of 

the wood, perhaps, but uncertain ; 
(Latin), quivering ; in Bulbophyllum, tlie hairs on the lip of 

the coralla are jointed at the base, and in a state of constant 

tremulous motion (W.A.I.) ; 
(Latin), three ; in composition, tri — ; 
(corn.) G. J. Trevj, 169-^ — 1769, German botanical author of 

'' Nurembnrg in Bavaj-ia " (N. 4/77) ; 
(Greek), with three stamens ; 
(Latin), triangular; in outline ; 

tri'as (Greek), the nwmber three ; (all :) an-angement of the 

floral envelopes, the sepals of this orchid being subeqnal 

and spreading and the Petals small (N. 4/77) (See Pentas) ; 
(Greek), resembling the Caltrops (Tribulus) ; having spiny fruits ; 
(Greek), vith hairy stamens -. 
(Greek), with hairy stem ; 
(Greek), with hairy spikes; * 

(Greek), with the divisions always in threes, branching in threes 

(N. 1/87 ; H.) ; 
(Latin), vith three colours ; 
(Latin), three ribbed, when three ribs proceed from the base of 

a leaf ; 
(Latin), triplicostate, where of three ribs two emerge from just 

above the base of a leaf ; 
(Latin), with three cusps, or sharp points ; 
(Latin), trident pointed, when the point is truncated, and has 

three indentations ; 
(Latin), in three bundles ; 
(Latin), with three flowers ; 
(Latin), with three leaves, or three leaflets digitately arranged ; 

not always kept strictly to its proper meaning ; trefoil ; 
(Latin), loith three leaflets, pinnately arranged ; not always kept 

strictly to its proper meaning ; 
(Greek), trigonous, with three plane faces, or three-angled in 

cross section ; 
trigonon, stemon (Greek), triangle, stamen ; (all :) filaments 

united into a trigonous column ; 
(Greek), with three pistils ; 
(Latin), with three pairs of leaflets ; 
(Greek), ivith three lobes, or rounded divisions not reaching 

more than half way to the base ; 
(Latin), with three lobes, or rounded divisions not reaching 

more than half way to the base ; 

(com.) of Dr. Triinen, for many years in charge of the Pera- 

deniya Gardens in Ceylon, and co-author, with Sir 

J. D. Hooker, of "Flora of Ceylon" ; 
(Latin), with three main nerves (including the midrib) from 

the base of the leaf ; 
(Latin), trifoliolate, a compound leaf with three leaflets ; 
(Latin), withyiowers like the Hibiscus (Trionum section) ; 
triphasios (Greek), three-fold ; (all ■) calyx 3-lobed, petals 

3, stamens twice 3, ovary 3-celled, stigma 3-lobed, ovules 

3 (one in each cell) (N. 4/91) ; 



tRONUNCtATION ANlJ DERIVATION. 



101 



triph-yl'-la ... 
trip-in-na'-ta . 

trip'-ler 
trip-liu-or'-vis 
trl-quet'-rura .. 

tris-er-i-a'-lis 
TriB-tan'-i-a. . 

tris'-tis .. 

tri'-ta ... 
Trit-a.\'-is 



trit-er-n;i'-ta ... 

Ti'i-nni-fct/-ta 
troch-le-a'-ris 
tro'-glod-yt-a'-rurn 

trul-lif-or'-mis 
trun-ca'-tum 

Tsi-e'-la 

tub-a'-ta 
tnb-se-for'-mis 
tn- ber'-cul-a' -tus 

tu-ber-o'-sa ... 

tub-if-lo'-ra ... 
tub-ul-o'-sa ... 
tnl'-da... 
tu-lip-if'-ei-a... 

tum-bng-gai'-a 

tnp'-iu 

tnr-bln-a'-ta... 

tnr'-gid-a 
Tnr'-ner-a 

Tur-ner-a'-ce-se 
Tur'-ner-ao 

tur'-petli-um... 

Tur-pin'-i-a ... 

Tur-rse'-a 

Tweed-i-a'-na 
Tyl-oph'-or-a ... 



. (Qreek), with three leaves, or leaflets ; 

. (Latin), tripinnate, when the leaflets of a bi-pinnate leaf them- 
selves become pinnate ; 
(Latin) (g. iriplicis), triple ; 
{Latin), .same as triplicostate (t|.v.) ; 
{Latin), three angled, with faces concave rendering the angles 

salient (H.) ; 
{Latin), i)i three rows; 

. (com.) Jules M. C. Tristan [(pr :) J^hyl Tree — starng], 
1776—1861, French Botanist (N. 4/'J3) ; 

(Latin), .sad. Sombre in aspect; 

(Latin), common ; 

tri'-, taxis (Greek), three-fold (prefix), arrangement; (all'-) 
stamens in three whorls, normally with the central, some- 
times with all, filatnents forming a column, ovary .3-celled ; 
. (Latin), triter7t,ale, when a common rachis (q.v.) is divided 
into three secondary rachides, which are each snb-divided 
into tertiary rachides, each of which bears three leaflets; 

(com.) Oiov, Batt. Trionfetti, 1658 — 1708, Italian botanist and 
author (N. 4/95) ; 

(TjoAin), pulley shaped, circular, compressed, contracted in the 
middle of its circumference, bo as to resemble a pulley ; 

iroglodutdi (Greek), cave-dwellers ; name of the old inhabit- 
ants of the west coast of the Arabian Gulf, in Ethiopia 
(Cass. Lat. Die.) ; 

(Latin), ladle shaped, roundish and concave with a projecting 
handle ; 
, (Latin), truncate, ending abruptly as if with the end (or top) 
cutoff (H.); 

. chela (Malayalam), cloth ; (all ■) bark of the tree fibrous, and 
occasionally made into a kind of cloth (McL. 932) ; 

](Lat^n), trum'pet shaped, hollow and dilated at one extremity 
like the end of a trumpet ; 

(Latin), furnished with tubercles, or wart-like excrescences 
(H.) ; 

(Latin), furnishedwith tubers, or swollen parts of roots or under- 
ground stem (H.) ; 

(Latin), ruith tubular powers ; 

(Latin), tubular; 

(Bengali), native name of the bamboo ; 

(Latin), producing jlovers like the Tulip (a kind of cup-shaped 
lily) ; 

tanbagai (Tamil), name of the tree ; 

tdparu (Ganarese) austere ; (all -.) pulp of the fruit ; 

(Latin), spinning-top tihaped, inversely conical, with a con- 
tracfion towards the point ; 

(Latin), Swollen; 

(com.) William Turner, Prebendary of York, Canon of 

Windsor, author of " New Herbal", died 1568 (Br. 87); 
(Latin), Turnera Family, or Order ; 
(com.) of Mrs. Charles Turner, wife of the celebrated flori- 

culturalist of Slough, Bucks, England ; . 
tricrit {Sanskrit [through iwrbucl (Arabic)]) three, existing ; (all :) 

three-fold medical property, antiphlegmatic, antibilious and 

cathartic (McL. 923) ; 

(com.) P. Turpin [(pr :) Toor-pang], French botanical artist 

and naturalist, died 1840 (N. 4/116) ; 
(com.) Oeorge Turra, Professor of Botany at Padua in Italy, 

author of many botanical works, 1607 — 1638 (N. 4/116) ; 
(com.) of TiveedAe ; traveller in Chili and botanist ; 
.. tiilos, phoreo (Qreek), swelling, to bear; (alii) coronal lobes 

(N. 4/118) ; 



i02 



PRONUNCIATION AND DERIVATION. 



■Ty'-pha 



Ty-pha'-ce-SB ... 

typ'-ic-a 

tyr-i-an'-thin-a 



Tuphe {Greek [possibly from tuphos {Qreelc), mist ; {all :) the 
cloiicl of florets that blow away as the plant dies off]), 
bulrush, the old name used by Theophrastus (N. 4/118) ; 

{Latin), Bulrsuh (Tjpha) Family, or Order ; 

{Latin), typical variety ; 

{Qreek), purple J^oiver, literally, " with flowers of Tyre," in 
Phoenicia which was famous for its manufacture of purple 
colour ; 



U'.lex 

n-li'-gin-o'-sa 
Ul-ma'-ce-as 
ul-m^if-ol'-i-a 
um-bel-la'-tnm 



um-bel-lif'-er-a 
Um-bel-lif'-er-Ee 
am-bil-ic-a'-tus 
um-bo-na'-ta 

um-bra'-cnl-if'-er-a ., 
um-bra-cul-if-or'-mif^ 

um-bri'-ntis ... 
un-ci-ra'-ta 
unc-tu-o'-sa ... 

un'-dec-im 

un'-dul-as-fol'-i-a 

un-dul-a'-tum 



Un'-ed-o 

un-guic-ul-a'-tus 
un-guif-or'-mis 

u-uic-os-ta'-tuB 

u-nif-lo'-ra ... 

u-nij'-ag-a 

u •nil-at-er-a'-lis 

n-nin-er'-vis . 

u-ni'-tum 

U-no'-na 



u -nus 
D-ra'-ri-a 

Ur'-ce-ol-a 
U'-ren-a 

u'-rens 



(Lart)i), name used by Pliny for a similar shrub (N. 4/119) ; 

a shrub like Rosemary (Cass. Lat, Die,) ; 
{Latin), inhabiting sirampy places ; 
{Latin), Elm (Ulmus) Family, or Order ; 
{Latiyi), with leaves like the Elm (ulmus); 
{Latin), umbelled, iDroducing several nearly equal branches 

(lays) from the same point, like the ribs of an umbrella 

(but not necessarily curved) (H.) ; 
{Latin), produci^ig an umbel ; 
(Latin), Umiellifer Family, or Order ; 
(^Latin), peltate (q.v.) ; 
{Latin), umbonate, round with a projecting point in the centre, 

like the boss of an ancient shield ; 
(Latin), having an umbrella-Mke crown, branches, or foliage ; 
(Latin), umbrella shaped, hemispherical and convex, with rajs 

or plaits from a common centre ; 
{Latin), umber broivn, pure deep dull brown ; 
(Latin), hook shaped, curved at the tip ; into a hook ; 
{Latin), greasy, having a surface which, though not actually 

greas}^, feels so ; 
{Latin), eleven ; 
(Latin), with undulate leaves ; 

{Latin), undulate, wavy, undulations up and down in compari- 
son with the axis, whilst in a sinuate leaf the undulations 

are in and out compared with that axis ; 

{Latin)^ name used by Piny for the Arbutus tree (Cass. Lat. 

Die.) ; 
{Latin), claived ; of a petal, having a footstalk ; 
{Latin), clawlike, shaped like a claw, somewhat like a rose 

prickle ; 
{Latin), unicostate, when a leaf has only one prominent rib 

(midrib) ; 
(Latin), with one flower ; 

{Latin), vith one pair of leaflets ; bifoliate (q.v.) ; 
(Latin), secund (q.v.) ; 

{Latin), one ribbed, same as unicostate (q.v.) ; 
{Latin), united, physically, by adherence or coherence ; or 

metaphorically, by aflSnity ; or in any similar way ; 

Ano^a {Malayan), of which it is supposed to be a variation, 

the genera being allied (N. 4/123) ; but this seems very 

doubtful ; possibly connected with tmd una, {Latin), one by 

one ; {all :) the constructed seed vessels ; 
{Latin), one ; in composition itnt — ; 
oura {Greek), a tail ; {all :) the bracts, and inflorescence, 

(N. 4/123); 
urceolus (Latin), a pitcher ; {all:) urceolate or chatty-shaped 

[similar to campanulate (q-v.) but with erect limb contracted 

at the orifice] corolla ; 
uren (corrupted from uran) {Malayalam), name of the plant ; 

Nicholson places the accent on the e which he makes long ; 

this is incompatible with the native name ; in which no 

e exists ; 
{Latin), burning, stinging ; covered with rigid, sharp pointed, 

bri.stly hairs, which emit on irritating fluid when touched j 



fRONUNCIATtON AND DERIVATION. 



103 



Ur-tic-a'-oe-aa 

u'- til-is 

u'-til-is'-sim-a 

Ut-ler'-i-a 

U-va'-n-a 

u-vif'-er-a 

Vac-ci'-ni-a-ae-s* 
Vac-ci'-ni-uoa 



>ag-i -uaus 

vag-i'-na'-ta .. 
vag'-um 

Vahl-i-a'-na ... 
Vahl' i-i 

Val-la'-ris 

val-va'-ris 
val-va'-ta 
V an -da 

Van-del'- li-a'-ua 



Van-den-heck'-e-i 

Van-gue'-ri'-a 

Van-il'-la 

Vau-vol.x-em'-i-i 

var-i-a'-bil-is 

var'-i-ea:-a'-ta 



vas-cul-a'-ris 

va'-sic-a 
va-sul-a'-ris ... 
Va-te'-ri-a 
Va'-tic-a 



Veitch-i-ana... 
Veitch.'-i-i ... 
vel-u-ti'-n-a 

ven-e-na'-ta 
Ven-til-a'-go 

ven-tric-o'-sus 
ven-ul-o'-sum 
ven-ul-o-80-hi-no-i' 
de-US. 



(Latin), Nettle {Uriica [from urtico {Latin) to stin<j ; (all:) 
property of Iho luiirs of tho plunt]) Family, or Order ; 

(Latin), uaeful ; 

{LatiK), very u.seful ; 
,. attalari (Tamil), jungle beauty (or oleander) ; numo of the 
plant ; 

uva {Latin), clunter of grapes; (all:) fruits of some species, 
(N.4/121S) ; 

(^Latin), grape beariny, or fruit resembling grapes ; 

(Ljtin), Bilberry (Vaccinium) Family, or Order; 
. (Liitin), name used by fliny and Virgil (N. 4/128) j one of the 
lines of the latter (juoting, "■vaccinia nigra ceguntur," 
shovving tlie in the second syllable long, not short as some- 
times made (N. 4/;i35) ; 

(I.afin), sheathing, surrounding the stem, or other body, by 
tho convolute base ; 

(Latin), sltcathed ; 

(Latin), ipanderinij, difiuse ; having no particular direction ; 

1(com.)ofM. Vahl [(pv :) Varlj author of " SymboUe botanic- 
iT?," " Enunieratio Plantariuii," 1865, and co-author, with 
Mueller and Hornemann of '' Flora danica," 1761 — 1829 ; 
Vallo (Latin), to enclose ; (all :) use in Japan for fencing; 
doubtful (N. 4/132) ; 

> (Latin), valvate, applied to each other by the margins only ; 

Vanda (Sanskrit), adoring (whence parasitic) ; (all -.) nature of 

the plant (McL. 323) ; 
(com.) of Dominico Vandelli [(pr :) Doe-mee-uee-coe Varn- 

dail-leej. Pi-ofessor of botany at Lisbon, Portugal, and wrote, 

in 1G23 a work on Portuguese plants CN. 4/136); 
(com.) of Vandenheck, Dutch traveller in Brazil (N. 1/238) ; 
Yoa'vaiiguer (Madagascar), name of the plant (N. 4/136) ; 
Vanilla (Spanish), little sheath ; (all -.) shape of the fruit 

;N. 4/137); 
(co)n.) of Van Volxem, Dntch traveller in New Grenada ; 
(Latin), variable; 
(Latin), -variegated, with patches of a different colour, usually 

in various irregular sinuous spaces, but sometimes adopted 

for any variation of different colouring- (H.) ; 
(Latin), vascular, consisting of vessels, or membranous tubes 

tapering t,o each end either having a fibre generated spirally 

in side, or having their walls marked by transverse bars, 

arranged more or less in a spiral direction ; 
vdsakii {Sanskrit), perfumed ; (all :) aromatic scent, name of 

the plant, (McL. 6) ; 
(Latin), vase shaped, like a flower-pot, or invested truncate 

cone ; 
. (com.) Abraham Vate/r [ (pr :) Far-tair], German botanist of the 

18th century ; 
vaticus (Latin), pertaining to the prophet; (all:) originally 

applied to white dammer (Vateria), which is used as incense 

for religious rites ; 
1 (com.) of James Veitch and Sons, celebrated floriculturalists, 
J Chelsea, near London (N. .5/139) ; 

(Latin), velvetty, densely covered with soft short silky straight 

hairs (H.) ; 
(Latin), poisonoun. 
ventilo (Latin), to be exposed to the wind ; (all :) linear wings at 

the upper part of the frait (N. 4/141) ; 
(Latin), bellying, swelling unequally on one side ; 
(Latin), full of veinlets (H.) ; 
(Latin), when the veins of a leaf all proceed from the midrib, 

are parallel, undivided, and connected by little cross-veina. 



104 



PRONUNCIATION AND DEKIVATI6n\ 



ven-us'-tns 
ve'-ra 

•ver-bas'-cif-ol'-i-a 
Ver-ber-na'-ce-ae 
ver-inic-ul-a'-ris 
ver-mif-or'-mia 
ver-nic-if -er-a 
Ver-non'-i-a ... 

Ver-on-i'-ca ... 



ver-rn-co -sa 
ver-sa-ti'-lis 



Versch-aff-elfc'-i 

ver-sic'-ol-or ... 
ver'-tic-cil-la'-ta 

ver-tic-a'-lis ... 
ve-si-ca'-ri-a ... 

vex-il-la'-ris 



vi-bur'-no-i'-des 
Vi-bur'-num 
Vic-to'-ri-n 
Vi'-gna 



Vil'-leb-ru'-ni-a 
vil-lo'-8a 

vi-min-a -lis 
Vin'-ca 

vin-caB-fol'-i-a 

Ti-iiif'-er-a 

vi-ol-a'-ce-a 



Vi-OJ-a'-ce-ae 

vir'-ens 

vir-eb'-oeuB 

vir-ga'-ta 

Vir-gil'-i-a 



vir-gn-i-a'-iia 

vir-id.if-lo'-ra 
vir-id-if'ol'-ia 



(Latin), beautiful ; 

{Latin) true ; 

{Latin), with leaves like the Mullein (Verbasouni) i 

(L&tin), Vervein (Vel'beiia) Family, or Order ; 

(Latin), worm shaped, thick and almost cylindrical, but betit in 
I diifprei it places ; 

(Latin), producing varnish ; 

(com.) William Vernou, a botanical traveller in North America 
(N. 2/147); 

(1) hi era, eikon (Greek) , Sacred image; (all:) sacred handker- 
chief of St. Veronica (N. 4/14) ; 

(2) Beronike (Greek), the medical work being probably a Latin 
form ; many other derivations have been ascribed, such as 

(3) Viroo nikoo (Arabic) ■. beautiful remey-brance. Withering says 
quaintly, " In Veronica, the ni is to be the accented syllable 
and not the ro, which is a comm.on error ; Lindley, Hooker, 
etc., persist in the common error " (N. 4/355) : 

(Latin), %varetd, covered with wart-liko excrescences (LI.) ; 
(Latin), versatile, adhering slightly by the middle, so that the 

two halves are nearly equally balanced, and swing backwards 

and forwards ; 

(com.) of Ambrosint: Verchaffelt [(pr :) Fair-sharf-felt] who 

wrote a work on "Camellias " (N. 4/140). 
(Latin), of many tints or colours (I.L) ; 
(Latin), ivhorled, arranged in a circle in the transverse jilaae 

around an axis (H.) ; 
(Lati7i), vertical, at right angles to some other body ; 
(Latin), causing blisters ; the two first syllables are long, but 

often wrongly pronounced short (N. 1/335) ; 
(Latin), vexillary, when one piece is much larger than the 

others, and is folded over them, they being arranged face to 

face, as the standard petal over the wings in papilionaceous 

flowers ; 
(qufisi- Greek), resembliw/ Viburnum ; 
(Latin), name used by Virgil and others (N. 1/155) ; 
(com.) of Queen Victoria, late of Great Britain ; 
(com.) Dominic Vigni [(pr.' Veen-yee], Professor at Padua in 

Italy, who wrote a commentary on TheoiDhrastus in 1625 

[N 1/157) ; 
(com.) Villebrun [(pr : Vee-yay brurngj, French botanist ; 
(L'ltin), villous, clothed with long soft hairs (not short as when 

pubescent, nor interwoven as when tomentose) (H.) s/iaggry ; 
(Latin), pertaining to osiers (Salix), or (like them) twiggy ; 
(Latin), name nsed by Pliny (N. 1/lGO) ; connected with vindo 

(Latin), to bind ; 
(Latin), with leaves like the Periwinkle (Vinca) ; 
(Latin), wine producing ; 
(Latin), violet, pure indigo blue stained with pure red (crimson) 

so as to be two-thirds way (i.e., nearer the blue) intermediate 

between the two colours ; with & tinge of white it forms 

Heliotrope colour; 

(Latin), Violet (Viola) Family, or Order ; 

I (Lativ), pea-green, a clear green with just a touch of yellow ; 

(Latin), viryate, long, slender, erect, and scarcely branched ; 

(com.) L. Publius Virgilius Maro [coramonly known as " The 

poet Virgil"], 70-19 Be. author of " The ^neid", " Geoj^rgics", 

" Bucolics " and " Eclogues," one of the most celebrated 

" Latin" poets ; 

(coc.) pertaining to Virginia, one of the South Atlantic states of 

the United States of America ; 
(Latin), with green flowers; 
(Latin), ivith green leaves ; 



fRONUNCtATlON AND DERIVATION. 



105 



vir'-id-is 



Tll-O -8U 

vis'-cid-a 
vis-oo'-sa 
ViB'-cum 

vit-el-li'nuB . 
Vi'-tex 

vi-tif-ol'-i-uni 
Vi'-tis 

vit-ta'-ta 
vi-vip'-ar-a 

Vo-gel'-i-a 



vol-u'-bil-is 
voni'-ic-a 
val-ga -ri« 

Wa'gat-e-a 
Walk'-er-i 



Walk-er-i-ae .. 
Walk'er-i-a-na 
\Val-lich'-i-a 



Wal-lich'-i-a'-na 
Wal-lich'-i-i ... 
Wal-8u'-ra 

Wal-the'-ri-a ... 



warn -p 
VVar-burg'-i-i ... 

wai'-re-en'-sis 

War-scew-ic'-zi-i 

Wash-ing-to'-ni-a 

Wat-8o'-ni-a'-na 

Weath-er-il'-li 
Web-bia'-na ... 
We'-ber-a 



Wed-del'-i-na'-a 

Wei'-he-a 
Wend-land'-i-a 

W end-land'-i-a'-na 



(Latin), green, a clear intermediate between pure biDc and pore ; 

yellow, but not quite so bright as grass green (t ee praBincus) ; 

it passes into apple green with as hading of yellow and red ; 
(Latin), poisonous; 

(Lain), sticky, coated with a sticky secretion (H.) ; 
(Latiyi), some>chat sticky ; 
(Latin), the namo used by Vifgil and Pliny [akin to ixos 

(Greek)] (N. J/1S4) ; 
(Latin), Egg-Yolk yellovj, dull yellow just turning red ; 
(Latin), name used by Pliny for this, or a similar, shrub 

(N. 4/184) ; 
(Latin), with leaves like the Vine (vitis) ; 
(Latin), name used by Virgil, Ovid, Juvenal, Cicero, Tacitus, 

ano other authors (N. 4/184) ; 
(Latin), striped, with bands lengthwise (H.) ; 
(Latin), viviparous, reproducing by buds which root and form 

young plants while it is attached to the pannt tree (H.) ; 
(com^ Dr, JEduard Vogel, who crossed the Sahara De.«f-rt in 

Africa, and supplied specimens for Oliver's ''Flora of Tropi- 
cal Africa " ; 
(Latin), twisting spirally round a support (H.) ; 
(Latin), causing to vomit ; 
(Latin), comtnon, ordinai'y ; 

Vagati (Mahratti) [from vdg'hantt (Sanskrit), tigsr-like ; (all:) 
thorns] name of the plant (McL. 1015, 1018) j 

(com.) of Colonel Walker, who, helped by hi.s wife, did a great 
deal towards making known the flora of Ceylon, by collect- 
ing specimens, colouring figures, etc., and corresponding 
with Sir .J. D. Hooker ; 

(com.) of Mrs. Walker, wife, and helper, of the above ; 

(com ) of Colonel Walker ; 

(com.) Dr. N. Wallich, one of the principal botanists in India,, 
author of '" Plantse asiaticse rariores, " " Tentamen florae 
nnpalensis," and the abandoned Wallich's edition of 
Roxburgh's Flora indica published in 1824. 

I (com.) of Dr. N. Wallich ; 

i-dlasura (Tamil), vdlarasi (Telngu), name of the plant' 

(N. 4/195 ; McL. 1020) ; 
(com.) Aug. Fried. Walther [(pr :) Varl-tairl, 1688— 174^,, 

German professor at Leipzig in Saxony (N. 4/195) ; 
hwang, pi (chinese), yellow skin : name of the plant ; 
(cow.) Warburg, German botanist and collaborator with 

Engler and Prantl ; 
(toe.) Waree, a kingdom on the west coast of Africa ; 
(com.) Warscewicz, of Poland ; 
(com.) George Washington, the great American patriot (N. 4/ 

196) ; 
(com.) of William Watson, 1715 — 1787, Professor of Botany at 

Chelsea, near London (N'. 4/201) ; 
(com.) of Weatherill, celebrated nursery-man ; 
(com.) of P. Barker Webb ; naMiralist. and traveller ; 
(com.) George Henry Weber [(pr : Vai-bair], 1752 — 1828 

German Professor at Kiel, seaport in Schleswig-Holstein 

Province of Prussia (N. 4/1203) ; 
(com.) of Weddell ; [(pr :) Yai dell)], French botanist and 

traveller in Brazil, Treas. Bot. ; 
(Ajrican), name fif the plant ; doubtful ; 
(com.) Henry Lu^dovic Wendland, 1755 — 1828, curator of the 

Botanic garden at Hannover (N. 4/205) ; 
(com.) also of H. Wendland, who, with Drude as companion, 

did much in collecting and luaking known, the flora of 

Anstraha ; 
(com.) of Whyte, traveller in Africa, discoverer of the 

Callitris (Widdringtonia) of his name in Kyassaland in 3893 

(N. 5/741) ; 



106 



PKONtJNCIATION AKD DERIVATION. 



wig-and'-i-o-i'-des 

Wight-i-a'-na... 
Wight'- i-i 

Wik-stroem'-i-a 

Will-den-o'-vi-i 

Wil-lugh-bei'-a 

Wis-ta'-ri-a ... 



With-a'ni-a ... 
wod'-i-er 

Wood-ford'-i-a 

Wright' -i-a 

wy-naad-an'-sis 
wy-na-dea'-sis 

xanth'OC-ar'-puin 
xanth-och-y'-mus 
xanth-opli-yl'-lum 

xaii' thos 
xe-ram-pel'- in-us 
Xim-en'-i-a 

Xyl'-i-a 

xyl-oc-ai-'-puin 
Xyl-o'-pi-a 

xyl -op'-yr-U8 
Xyl-os'-ma ... 
Xym'-al-os 

Yuc'-ca 

Zal-ac'-ca 
Zanth-ox'-yl-utn 

ze-bri'-na 

Zen-ke'-Ti-a ... 
Z en-ke'-r i-a'-n u s 
ze-rnm'-bet ... 



zey-lau'-ic-a ... 
zib etb i'-niis 
Zing'-ib-er 



Zi'-zyph-ns ... 
zo-na'-ti 
Zyg-oui-orph'-a 
Zyg-oph-yl-'la-ce-tv: . 



{qn&si-Greek), r.esemhling Wigandia [{com.) John Wiffand, 152S— 

1587, Bishop of Pommerania (N. 4/208)J ; 
(com.) of Robert Wight, M.D., f.l.s., celebrated botanist of 

Southern India, author of " Icones ", and Joint author, -with 

Arnott, of " Prodrotnus florae Peninsulae orientalis ", 1834 ; 
, (com.) J.B. Wikstr(em[{Tpr :) Veek. strurm], 1780 — 1856, Swedish 

botanist (N. 5/741) ; 
{com). C. L. Willdenoi':, German botanist, author of " Linnsei 

species plantarum," published at Berlin 1797 ; 
{com.) Francis Willughhij, 1635 — 1G72, English natnrali.gt and 

pupil of Ray (N. 4/210) ; 
{com.) Caspar Wistar [(pr :) Vee-Sfcarr] 1761 — 1818, Professor of 

anatomy in the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 

United States of America (N. 4/213) ; 
{com^ Wlthan ; 
odiya {Tamil), name of the tree ; this is the genitive case, used 

Avith maram, a tree, the nominative being odi (See Odina) ; 
{com.) J. Woodford, wrote an account of the plants round Edin- 

bnrgh, Scotland, in 1824 (N. 4/215) ; 
{com.) William Wright, 1740—1827, Scotch physician and 

botanist (N. 4/219) ; 

I {loc) of the Wyndd, parts of the Malabar and Nilgiri districts; 

{Greek), icifh yelloxv fruit ; 
{Greek), with yelloiv Juice; 
{xanthos), 'phyllon {Greek), yellou-, leaf ; (all -.) large yellow 

green leaves ; • 

{Greek), gamboge yelloiu, pure and clear. Same as luteous (q.v.) ; 
(Greek), dull red with a strong admixture of brown; 
{corri.) Francis Ximenes [(pr : ) Hee-may-nayze], Spanish monk 

who wrote a work on Mexican plants in 1615 (N. 4/225) ; 
. xulon {Greek), wood ; {all :) hardness of the wood ; one of the 

iron-woods ; 
{Greek), with ivoody frut ; 
xylon, pikron {Greek), wood, bitter ; {all -. ) intense bitterness of 

the wood in some species (N. 4/225) ; 
{Greek), having a wooden pear-like fruit; 

xijlon, osme {Greel), wood, evtell ; {all :) wood somewhat fetid ; — 
xylon, osme {Greek), ivood, smell ; anagram of the above, to 

which it is closely related ; 

{West Indian), name of the plant (N. 4/227) ; 

{Molucca), namo of the plant (N". 4/235) ; 

xantr.os, xulon {Greek), yellow, tvood ; {all -.) colour of the roots 

(N. 4/237) ; 
{Latin), striped in a zebra.like manner, in diiferent colours 

transversely (N. 4/238); 
{com.) Zenker [{pr :) Tzain-kair], German botanist ; 
. {com.) of Zenker ; 

, zurumhdd {Arabic), long Zecloary (Curcuma zedoria) ; {all: — j 
similarity of the produce,there being much confusion between 
the two (E.D. 6/3/366 ; .McL. 1044); 
{loc.) pertaining to Ceylon ; 

{] aiin), pertaining to a civet cat, smelling like one ; 
ziggiberis {Greek) [from ghringabera {Sanskrit), horn, body ; 
'.ail: ) consistence of the rhizome Jj name of the plant 
(McL. 310} ; 
zlzuphos {Greek from zaiziif an {Arabic), Lotus plant), name 

of the plant (N. 4/244 ; McL. 60, 1044) ; 
{Latin), zoned, same as ocellated, but with several concentric 

bins ; 
{Greek), what can be bisected in only one plane into two 

similar halves ; 
{Latin), Bean-caper (zygophyllnm) [zugon, phullon (Greek), 
yoke, leaf; {all:) [numerous pairs of leaflets]), Family, or 
Order ; 



SYNOPSIS OF NATURAL ORDERb. 



The distinguishing characters aie selected with special reference to the trees and 
shrubs herein referred to and are taken mostly from Sir D. Brandis ' Indian Trees.' 

First Class. (Angiosperms.) 

Flowers bisexual or unisexual, as a rule with perianth, consisting of one or several 
whorls on leaves, free or connate (calyx and corolls). Ovules enclosed in an ovary, 
fertilized by the pollen-tube growing towards them through the tissue of stigma and 
style. Seeds enclosed in the fruit, embryo straight or curved, with or without 
endospherm. 

First Sub-Class. (Dicotyledons ) 

The stem consists cf pith, wood, bast, and bark, which form conceuti ic cylinders 
wood and bast being separated in the growing stem by a continuous layer of long soft 
cells (cambium), which are transformed into new wood on the outside of the wood 
cylinder, and into new bast on the inside of the hollow bast cylinder. The wood 
consists of wood-fibres, vessels, wood-parenchyma and meduUarj' rays. Many climbers 
have anomalous structure, also the erect woody species oi PlumbagindCf-ti, Nyccaijinacex, 
Amarantaced' J and Chenopodiacea- and a few trees of other orders,- Cocculus laurifolius, 
Dalbergia paniculata, most Gomtretacea- Strychono^, and non-Indian Drimys. Leaves 
netveined. Parts of perianth, cal^x or corolla usually in fours or fives. Embryo with 
two csotyledons which, when the seed germinates, are as a rule raised above giound (in 
Garcinia, < chrocarpics and Meswc. the embryo consists of a homogeneous fleshy mass). 

l.-POLTPETAL.^. 

Flowers iu the majority of species bisexual, as a rule with both calyx and corolla, the 
corolla consisting of distinct petals. 

A. — Thalamiflobj: (j.vclddix& Disciflore). 

Sepals in the majority of cases distinct, petals and stamens hypogynous, ovary free. 
A well-developed disk ii; Orders XIII Tamariscacerr, XXVI Rutacem, XXVII Sima- 
rubaceo\ XLI Moringacen; in Orders XXIX to XXXIII, XXXV to XL and in a few 
genera of VII Capparidacen', X Bixacea and XXI Tiliaceiv. 

1. RASLXCCLACE.t;. — Climbers only. L. opposite, mostly compound, often with 
tendril-like petiole or rachis. Sepals deciduous, often petaloid. Stamen anthers adnate, 
longitudinally dehiscent. Carpels numerous, free, 1-celled. 

li. DiLLKNiACE.?:.— L. alternate, simple, penninei-ved, petioles sheatniuy. Fl. large, 
white or yellow. Sepals 5. imbricate persistent, petals 5 caducous. vJaipele one or 
many, more or less cohering, styles free. 

III. Mag.noliace.e. — L. alternate, simple, most genera with convolute deciduous 
stipules. Sepals and petals alike, in whorls of three, imbricate, deciduous. Stamens 
8, anthers basifixed. Carpels numerous, usually distinct generally on an elongated 
toruh. Embryo niinute, endosperm uniform. 

IV. Akonac.i:.- L. usually slightly but unpleasantly aromatic, aitei.i<»ui^ simple 
stipules none. Sepals 3, petals in one or two trimerous whorls. Stamen flaments 
usually short or none, anther cells adnate to a board connective. Carpels distinct in 
fruit (confluent in Anona). Seeds large, embryo small, endosperm ruminated. 

V. MENisPERMACE-i;. — Usually climbers with broad medullary rays and otherwise 
anomalous wood structure. L. alternate, simple, mostly palminerved often peltate, 
stipules 0. Fl. small, unisexual, trimerous, sepals usually free. Stamens opposite to 
petals, usually 6, carpels free, as a rule 3. Embryo curved, with ot without endosperm. 

VI. Berbebidace.e. — L. alternate, glabrous, pinnate with spine-toothed leaflets, or 
simple fascicled in the axils of spines. Sepals and petals alike, usually trimerous, 
caducous. Stemans opposite to petals, anthers adnate, as a rule opening Jby valves. 
Carpels distinct, often one only. Endosperm fleshy. 



108 SYNOPSI- OF NATURAL ORDERS. 

VII. Cappaeidace.*. — L. aa a rule alternate, stipules often present and Bpinescent. 
Fl, usually bisexual, often zygomorphic. As a rule sepals 4, ])etals 4. Stamens 
generally numerons, filaments, filiform. Carpels connate into a one-celled ovary with 
2 — 4 parietal placentas, often on an elongated gynophore, embryo curved, endosperm 
O. or scanty. 

VIIJ. ViOLACE.!;.— L. as a tule alternate, stipules small and leafy. FI. regular or 
zygomorphic, sepals 5, imbricate, persistent, petals 5. Stamens 5 filaments short or 
O, connective broad and often prodnced above, anthers coanivent or connate roand 
the ovary. Carpels connate into a one-celled ovary with usually 3 parietal placentas. 
Seeds small, embryo straight in a fleshy endosperm. 

IX. CiSTACB^. — Introduced shrubs, L. simple entire opposite, exstipnlate. Fl. in 
unilateral receraes, sepals 5, persistant, unequal, petals 5 caducous, stamens numerous 
diptinct, carpels connate usually into one-celled ovary with parietal placentas. Capsule 
3 — 5-valved, seeds numerous, embryo inverted, either spiral or curved, in a mealy 
albuman. 

X. BiXACE*. — L. alternate, simple, mostly dentate, stipules small or 0. Fl. 
regular, 4- or 5-merous, perianth sometimes wanting, stamens usually numerous. 
Ovaiy one-celled, seeds few, arillate or with pilpy tests. 

XI. PiTTosPOR *€£.«. — Often with fennel-like aroma, L. often subverticillate, alter- 
nate, simple, entire, stipules O. Fl. regular, pentamerous, and pentandrous, sepals free, 
as well as petals imbricate, anthers versatile. Embryo small, in copioas endosperm. 

XII. FoLYGALACEj;. — L. alternate, simple, quite entire, stipules O. Fl. bisexual, 
zygomorphic, sepals 5 the 2 inner larger, petaloid, petals 5 or 3. Stamens as a rule 8, 
filaments usually connate in a cleft sheath, anthers mostly opening by terminal pores. 

XII. Tamariscace.*. — L. alternate, small generally scale-like. Fl. regular, in spikes, 
racemes or panicles, sepals and petals usually free, pentamerous. sometimes tetramerons. 
Stamens as many as petals or twice their number. Capsnle 3—5 — valved, seeds tufted 
or winged. 

XIV. Hyfericace^:. — L. opposite, often gland-dotted, stipules O. Fl. regular 
bisexual, sepals 5, imbricate, petals 5, contorted in bud. Stamens numerous, filaments 
usually connate into 3 or 5 bundles, anthers versatile. Endosperm O. 

XV. GuTTiFKR,«. — Juice resinous, yellow or greenish. L. opposite, simple entire, 
nsnally coriaceous, stipules 0. Fl. regular unisexoal or polygamous sepals 2—6, mostly 
in decussate pairs, petals as a rule 2 — tJ, imbricate or contorted Fr. usually indehiscent, 
seeds large, endosperm 0. 

XVI. Teenstr^imiacece. — L. alternate, simple, generally coriaceous, stipnles O. Fl. 
regalar, as a rule bisexual, sepals and petals usually pentamerous and imbricate. 
Stamens generally numerons, ovary 3 — 5-eelled. 

XVII. Akcisteocladace^. — Glabrous, woody climbers, not resinous. L. entire 
stipules minute, caducous. Fl. bisexual, regular, pentamerous, calyx adnate to the 
1-celled ovary, segments much larged in fr. 

XVIII. DiPTEBocARPACE.5;.— Besinous trees. L. altei-nate, usually coriaceous, 
simple, penninerved, stipules large, enclosing the bnd. Fl. bisexual, regular, calyx- 
segments 5, some or all as a rule much enlarged in fr. Petals 5, contorted, stamens 
5, 10 or more, anthers adnate to filaments. Fruit indehiscent, 1-seeded. 

XIX. Malvace.i;.— Wood soft and light. L. alternate, mostly stipulate, generally 
palminerved, hairs usually stellate. Fl. as a rule bisexual, regulai-, supported by 3 or 
more bracteoles. Sepala, 5, valvate, more or less connate, petals 5, base adnate to 
staminDl column, contorted in bud. Stamens numerous, filaments variously connate 
anthers 1-celled. 

XX. STERCULtACE^E. — L. alternate, mostly stipulate, hairs often stellate. Sepals 5, 
valvate, more or less connate, petals 5 or none. Stamens commonly monadelphons, 
anthers 2-celled. Fr. a dehiscent capsule or a whorl of distinct carpels. 

XXI. TitiACE.E. — L. alternate, simple, stipnles deciduous. Fl. regular, almost 
always bisexual. Sepals 5, usually connate, valvate in bud. Stamens numerous, 
anthers 2-celled. Ovary 2 — 10-celled. 

XXII. lii^ACTM. — L. alternate, simple, entire. Fl. bisexual, regular, sepals and 
petals pentamerous, sometimes tetramerous. Stamens 8 or 10, half the number 
often sterile, filaments united at base, anthers versatile. Ovary 3 — 5-celled. Capsnle 
dehiscing septicidally or drupe. 

XXIII. MALPiGHiACE.t:. — L. usually opposite, simple, entire, stipules small or O. 
Fl. often zygomorphic, calyx 5-lobed, petals 5, often fimbriate. Stamens 10, sometimes 
unequal. Fr. usually of one or more winged samaras. 



SYNOPSIS OP NATURAL OkDERS. 109 

XXIV. ZYiiOPiiTLLACKii';. — L. usiiully oonii)ouud und opposite, stipulos in pairs, 
persistent, sometimes spinous. Fl. 1-2 in axils of stipules, hermaphrodite, sepals and 
petals usually 5, and stamens double the number often wiM. a scale on the filauient, 
disk fleshy. Ovary angled or lobed, with 2 or more ovules. Fr. nsoally of angled, 
sometimes spinous, 2-10 cocoi. 

XXV. Gkraniac E.K. — L. alteinate, iiuparipinuatc', or simple and toothed, stipules 
or bigfliuidular on petiole. Fl. bisexual, regular or irrei^ular and often spurred sepals 
and petals 3 — 5, stumens 5 or 10. Fr. oblong, fleshy, 5-rihbed, or capsular :md 
loculiridally o-valved. 

XXVI. lliTACEt;. — T,. aromatic, dotted with translucent glands, stipules O. Fl. 
regular, sepals and petals 4 or 5, stamens 4r— 5 or S — 10, filaments inserted on the 
outside of the disk. 

XXVIf. SiMARUBACEiE. — Bark bitter. L. usually compound, alternate, stipules 
deciduous or 0. Fl. regular, small, often unisexual, sepals 3^5 usually connate, petals 
3 — 5. Stamens as many as petals or double their number, inserted outside the disk. 

XXVIII. OciiXACE*.--Jj. alternate, simple, glabrous, stipulate. Fl. regular, 
bisexual. Sepals 4 or 5, free, imbricate, persisting, petals 5 or more, deciduous, 
stamens 10 or many, anthers basifixed, Fr. of 3 — 10 one or few seeded drupes. 

XXIX. Bdbbebace.*:. — Kesinous. L. alternate, imparipinnate, sometimes 1-foliolate. 
Fl. small, regular, calyx 3 — 5-lobed, petals 3 — 5. Stamens as many as petals or twice 
their number, inserted on the disk or outside at its base. Ovary 2 — 5 celled, ovules 2 
in each cell. 

XXX. MKLiArK.K.— L. usually bitter, alternate, generally pinnate, stipules 0, Fl, 
regular, in cymose panicles, calyx small, 4 — 5 cleft, petals 4 — 5, stamens twice the 
number of petals, filaments generally united into a tube, disk between stamens and 
ovary, often tabular. • 

XXXI. Chailletiace(e. -L. alternate, entire, simple, stipules deciduous. Fl. 
l-sexual or polygamans, petals 6, notched or bifid, stamens 5, disk of 5 glands, 
alternating with stamens. Ovary pubesent 2 — 3-celled, ovules 2, collateral in each cell. 
Endosperm O, cotjledona thick. 

XXXII. Olacace^. — L. alternate, stipules 0. Fl. small, as a rule bisexual, calyx 
small or wanting, stamens opposite to petals or 0. Overy at base often 2-5-oelled, 
ovules pendulous from a free axile placenta. Drupe l-seeded. [In Engler u. Prantl. 
Natnr!, Pflanzenfam. III. l'23l placed near LoranthacecB and Santalacece]. 

XXXIII. IcACiNiCE.E. — L. generally alternate, stipules 0. Fl. small, l-sexual or 
polygamous, calyx small or wanting, stamens alteruatinf^ with petals. Ovary 1-celled. 
Drupe l-seeded. 

XXXIV. AQOiFoLiAt'E.i;. — L. alternate, or (curtisia) opposite, simple, usually 
coriaceous and ever-green, stipules minute. Fl. regular, usually l-sexual, cahx 4-5- 
lobed, petal 4-5, connate at base. Stamens 4 — 5, alternating with petals, disk 0. Fr. 
a drupe, supported by the preaistent calyx, stones l-seeded, 2 or more. 

XXXV. Oelastrace.i:. — L. simple, as a rule opposite, stipules minute or none Fl. 
regular, small, birexual or polygamous, calyx small, 4 or 5-lobed, persistent. Disk 
large, surrounding the base of the 3 — 5-celled ovary or partially enclosing it, stam.ens 
3 — 5, rarely 10, inserted on the disk. 

XXXVI. Khasinace.e. — Branchlets or stipules often spinesoent, L. simple. Fl., 
small, regular, calyx 4—5 cleft, lobes triangular, valvate in bud, disk lining or filling the 
calyx tnlie, petals inserted at the mouth Tf calyx-tube. Stamens opposite to petals, 
often end sed by them. 

XXX.VII. Ampelidace.e. — Climbers mostly, or erect, usually tendrilled. L. 
alternate, stipulate, often compound. Fl. regular, calyx small, entire or 4 — 5 dentate, 
petals 4 — 5, valvate in bud. St'imens opposite to petals, inserted outside or between the 
lobes of the disk. Fr. a berr}' 

XXXVIII. Sapindace.€. — L. usually alternate, compound, and exstipulate (opposite 
in JEsc'his, Acer, and Turpini^, simple in Acer, Dn '.onosa, and occasionally others, 
stipulate m Melianthus and Tnrjpinia). Fl. usually irregular and unsymmetrical, small, 
polygama-dioecious, calyx 4 — 5-lobed, petals 4 — 5, filth often wanting j stamens 5 to 10 
often 8 inside a usually unilateral disk, ovary usually 3 (2 in Acer) celled, often lobed 
or winged ; fruit capsular or indehisoent'of 1 — 3 nuts or samaras. 

XXXiX. Sabiace.«. — L. alternate stipules O. Fl. small, calyx 4 — 5 partite, stamens 
4 — 5, opposite to petals, anther-cells distinct, usually adnate to a large connective. 

XL. An'acardiacEvE. — Often with caustie grey juice turning black on drying. L. 
in most genera alternate, stipules 0. Fl. regular calyx 3-5 cleft (spathaceous in Qulta) 



110 SYNOPSIS OF NATURAL ORDERS. 

petals 3 — 4, rarely 0. Stamens alternating with petals, inserted under, rarely on, the 
disk. Ovary in 2 genera inferior, drupe 2 — 5 seeded. 

XLI. MoRixGACE.E. — Wood soft, L. decidnous, alternate, bi- or tri pinnate, pinnse 
and leaflets opposite, glands at base of petioles and pinnae. FI. large, bisexual, 
pentamerous, petals, unequal. Fertile stamens 5, opposite to petalss alternating with 
sterile stamens. Fr. a long 1-celled 3-vaIved pod, seeds, winged. 

B. — Calyciflora:. 

Calyx gamoscpalous, often adnate to ovary. Petals inserted on calyx, or on disk 
lining calyx-tube. 

XL II. CoNNARACE.?-;. — 1a. alternate, imparipinnate or 1-foliolate, leaflets entire, 
coriaceous, stipules 0. Fl. usually bisexual and regular, pentamerous, petals linear- 
oblong, stamens 10, the epipetalous stamens generally shorter and often sterile. 
Car])els 5, free, mostly hairy, ovules 2, collateral. Fruiting carpel one, 2-valved. 

XLITI. Legu.minos/e. — L. stipulate, as a rule alternate and rompound. Fl. bisexual 
petals 5, in the majority of genera zygomorphio, stamens 10 or many. Carpel one, 
free, ovules usually numerous, attached to the inner suture. Fr. a 1-celled pod, or 
nut, sometimes winged, endosperm generally 0. 

A. Papilione.t;. — Corolla papilionaceous, petals 5 irregular imbricated, the 
uppermost (standard or vexillum) outermost, the four others in two opposite pairs, the 
lateral forming the wings or alae, the lower forming the keel or carina. Stamens 
definite. 

B. C/EsALPlNiE^. — Petals imbricate slightly unequal, upper innermost in bud 
UBually 5 but sometimes wanting, reduced to 1, 3 or 4: stamens definite. 

C. MiMosE.E. — Petals regular valvate, usually united above the base, sometimes 
into a tube. Stamens often indefinite, sometimes 10 or 5. 

XLIV. RosACE.E. — L. stipulate, usually alternate. Fl. pentamerous, as a rule 
regular and bisexual, stamens usually numerous. Carpels mostly distinct, often adnate 
to and enclosed in the calyx-tube. Albumen or scanty. 

XLV. SAXIFBAGACE.E. — L. simple, mostly opposite. Fl. regular, 4 or 5-merous, 
calyx free or adnate to ovary, stamens free, as many as petals, twice the number or 
numerous. Carpels 2 or numerous, usually connate, ovules numerous. Seeds small, 
embryo minute, in copious albumen. 

XLVI. Hamamelidace;!':.— L. alternate, stipules usually deciduous. Fl. in compact 
heads of spikes, usually bracteate, oalyx-tube more or less adnate to ovary, ovary 
2-celled, styles 2, usually persistent, testa shining. 

XL 711. Rhizophorackce.^ — L. opposite usually coriaceous and entiie, scars of petioles 
mostly prominent, stipules interpetiolar, deciduous. Fl. regular, generally bisexual, 
calyx more or less adnate to ovary, limb 4-14-lobed, lobes as a rule persistent, petals 
as many as sepals, stamens usually twice the number of petals. Fr. coriaceous, usually 
1-seeded. 

XLVIII. CoMBitETACE.E.— L. simple, entire, stipules 0. Fl. usually bisexual and 
regular, calyx-tnbe adnate to ovary and produced beyond it, segments 4-5, valvate, 
petals often wanting. Stamens as many as calyx-segments or twice their number, 
pengynous. Fr. generally angled or winged. 

XLIX. Mtrtace.?':.— Usually aromatic. L. simple, generally quite entire, either 
opposite with translucent glauds or alternate without glands. Stipules 0. Fl. regular, 
generally bisexual. Ovary enclosed in and generally adnate to calyx-tube. Stamens 
many, inserted with the petals in the mouth of calyx-tube. 

L. I/Ielastomace.e. — L. opposite, entire or nearly so, usually with 3 — 7 based nerves, 
no translucent glands, stiptiles O. Fl. regular, bisexual, calyx-tube entirely or partially 
adnate to ovary, segments 4 or 5, deciduous. Stamens twice the number of calyx- 
segments, inserted with petals on the edge of calyx-tube, connective often large. 

LI. Ltthrace_e.— L. generally opposite, simple, entire. Calyx cup-shaped, persist- 
ent, segments valvate, often with intermediate teeth, petals when present imbricate 
and crumpled in bud. Ovary as a rule superior. 

LII. Onagrace;e. — L. opposite or alternate, exstipulate, Fl. regular or nearly bo, 
usually 4-merous, calyx lobes valvate, petals imbricate, stamens definite, ovary inferior 
usually 2 or more celled, style undivided. Fr. various, dehiscent or indehiscent, l-many 
celled, l-many seeded, seeds exalbuminous. 

LIII. Samydace.i?, — L. often glaud-dotted, alternate, distichous, stipules small. Fl. 
regular, inconspicuous, generally bisexual. Calyx persistent, tube short. Capsule 2 — 4- 
valved, seeds numerous. 



SYNOPSIS OK NATDIJAr, OilDFIIS. Ill 

LIV. TuRNKRACE.T';. — L. iiltcriiate 8ini])lii usually 2 f^'laiulnlai' at base, stipulo, Bmall 
or 0. Fl. usually solitary axillary, ol'ton with pt'diinclc adnatcto petiolf, calyx o-lobofl, 
petals 5 inserted in the calyx throat, stamens 5 inserted below the petals, carpels 3 
connate in a l-ceUed ovary, Fr. a i^-valved capsule, usually with many seeds confined 
to the centre of the placentas, seeds arillato with fleshy albumen and cylindric embryo. 

LV. PAssiFi.oKAt'K.v:. — L. alternate, usually lobed. Fl. rej^ular unisexual in Fapaya, 
bisexual in Pansiflora, dimcions in Modecca. , 

LVl. Datiscac K.K.' — {Tftramflfs) h. deciduous, petiolate, broadly ovate. Fl. 
dieociouB, calyx deeply l-lobed, petals (), stamens 4. Capsule crowned by the persistent 
calyx- segments, the valves terminating in the peruistent styles. 

LVIl. Cactace.k. — Stems and branches succulent, prickly. Fl. regular, l)isexual, 
solitary, calyx-tube adnate to ovary, petals numerous, imbricate, tamcns many. Fr. 
fleshy, seeds numerous. 

LVIII. UiMBKLLiFKRi*;. — L. entire, alternate exstix'ulate. Fl. in compound umbels, 
calyx-tube adnate to ovary witho-at a limb, petals 5, stamens 5, both epiaynous. Ovary 
2-colled with 1 ovule in each cell. Fr. of 2 laterally compressed carpels separated by 
a commissure, with 5 ridges, seed 1 in each carpel with cartilaginous albumen and 
small embryo. 

LIX. AkalIace.h. — Balsamic, branchlets speckled : L. alternate, simple or com- 
poond. Fl. regular, usually pentamerous and umbellate. Calyx adnate to ovary, 
usually entire, petals caducous. Stamens inserted outside the epigynons disk, anthers 
didymous. 

LX. CoRNAC'E.E. — L. entire, stipules 0. Fl. regular, calyx-tube adnate to ovary limb 
persistent, segments small, petals 4 or .5, inserted with stamens round an epigynons 
disk. Fr. drupaceous. 

11.— GAMOPETAL^. 

Flowers in the majority of species bisexual, as a rule with both calyx and corolla, 
corolla gamopetalous. 

LXI. Caprifoliacvl-e. — L. opposite, stipules usually 0. Fl. bisexual, calyx-tube 
adnate to ovary, limb 3-5 toothed, corolla often zygomorphic, lobes .5. stamens 
inserted on the corolla-tube. 

LXII. Rubiacej:. — L. opposite, sometimes whorled, stipules as a rule interpetiolar. 
Fl. as a rule bisexual and regular, calyx-tube adnate to ovary, corolla inserted round 
the epigynous disk, stamens inserted on the corolla-tube, alternating with its lobes. 
Ovary as a rule 2-celled. 

LXIII. CoMPOsiT/E.. — L. as a rule alternate, stipules O. Inflorescence a dense head 
of many small fl,, sessile on.a broad receplacle and enclosed in an involucre of whorled 
or imbricate bracts. Caljx usually a pappus of hairs on the top of the ovary, stamens 
on the corolla-tube, anthers usually connate, connective produced upwards. 

LXIV. GooDENi^CE.E. — (SccEvola). L. alternate, simple, stipules O. Fl. bisexual, 
in short axillary cymes, calyx adnate to ovary, lobes 5. Corolla oblique split on the 
back, stamens 5, inserted at the base of the corolla. Fr. a drupe, crowned by the 
enlarged calj'x- segments. 

LXV. Ca.mpanulace.e. — Juice after milky. L. alternate, simple, exstipulate. Fl. 
axillary, calyx 5-lobed, lobes slightly unequal, corolla usually oblique 2-lipped, stamens 
5, connate in a tube, carpels connate in a 2-celled ovary with many ovules. Fr. 
a capsule loculicidally 2-valved, seeds many minute. 

LXVl. Ericace.e. — L. alternate, simple, stipules O. Fl. bisexual 4-or ."^-merous, 
stamens as a rule tvvice the number of corolla-lobes, anther-cells opening at the top by 
pores or short slits. Ovary inferior or superior, 4 — 5 or many-celled, ovules numerous 
on an axile placenta. 

LXVII. Plumbaginace.e. — L. alternate, entiie. Fl, regular, bisexual, pentamerous, 
sheathed by bx-acts, calyx 5-ribbed, ovary 1-celled, ovule 1. 

LXVIII. Mybsinace.^j. — L. alternate, simple, generally gland -dot-ted, stipules O. 
Calyx persistent, often enlarged in fr. Corolla-tube short or none, stamens opposite 
the corolla-segments. Ovary 1-celled, ovules on a free central placenta. 

LXIX. Sapotace.«. — Juice milky. L» entire, usually alternate and coriaceous Fl. 
bisexual, calyx persistent, segments 4 — 8, almost distinct, corolla-tube short lobes 4—24. 
Fr. a 1— -S-seeded berry, seeds oily, with i crnstaceous shining testa. 

LXX. Ebenace.is. — L. entire, as a rule alternate, stipules 0. Fl. regular, usually 
dioecious, calyx gamosepalous, persistent and generally enlarged in fr. segments 3 — 6, 
ooroDa-segments 3 — 6. stamens usually twice the number of corolla-lobes, filaments 



112 SYNOPSIS OP NATURAL ORDERS. 

variously connate at base, often in pairs, anthers basifixed. Rind of fr. coriaceous, seeds 
embedded in soft or viscid pulp. 

LXXI. Styeace.e. L. alternate, stipules 0. Fl. bisexual, regrulai', 4 — S-merous 
calyx superior or inferior, limb persistent, petals free or connate, stamens 10 or 
numerous. Ovary 2 — 5-celled, ovules 1 or few on the inner angle. 

LXXir, Oleacejc. — L. as a rule opposite, stipules 0. Fl. regular, as a rule 
bisexual, in trichotomous panicles, calyx small, often truncate. Stamens 2, filaments 
usually short, ovary free, 2-celled, ovules 1 or 2 in each cell. 

LXXIII. Salvadohace^. Glabrous, L. opposite, entire, stipules minute, or spinous. 
Fl. small, tetramerouB, calyx small, corolla membranous. Ovary free, 1 — 2-celled. 

LXXLV. Apoctnace/E. Juice milky. L. entire, as a rule opposite or whorled, 
stipules O or small, sometimes intrapetiolar. Fl. regular, bisexual, usually pentamerous. 
Calvx free, corolla lobes spreading, mostly contorted in bud, stamens 5, inserted in the 
corolla-tube. Carpels 2, usually distinct. Seeds often with a tuft of hairs. Endosperm 
scanty. 

LXXV. AscLEPiADACE.^. — -Mostly climbers. Juice milky, grey or green. L. entire 
as a rule opposite, stipules 0. PI. regular, bisexual, pentamerous. Calyx inferior, 
septls imbricate in bud. Stamens 5, inserted on the base of the corolla, anthers 
coliering or connate, enclosing the stigma, pollen grains as a rule united into waxy 
masses. Corona corolline or staminal. Carpels 2, distinct. Seeds usually winged and 
surmounted by a dense brush of hairs. Embryo large, in copious endosperm. 

LXXVI. LoGANiACE*.— L^ often bitter, opposite, simple, generally connected by 
inlerpetiolar stipules or by a raised line. Fl. regular, usually bisexual, ovary free, 
2-celled. Embryo straight, in copious endosperm. 

LXIVII. PoLEMONiACE.E. — L. Usually opposite, simple or compound, exstipulate, 
calyx and corolla 5-lobed, stamens 5 on corolla-tube alternate with its segments, ovary 
8-celled, ovules few or many, Fr. 3-celled capsule with few or many seeds, albumen 
horny. 

LXXVIII. BoRAGiNACEa;. — L. a^ a rule alternate and simpl-^, stipules O. Fl. 
bisexual, as a rule regular and pentamerous, in unilateral spikes or racemes, calyx 
free, persistent, lobes valvate in bud. Ovary superior, cells 2, each with 2 ovules, or 
4, each with one ovule. Fr. a drupe or consisting of 4 nutlets. 

TjXXIX. C0NV01.VULACE.S;. — Juice often milky Ti. ; mostly climbers alternate, 
stipules 0. Fl. usually large, bisexual, regular, pentamerous, sepals distinct, persistent. 
Fr. a berry or capsule, seeds 2-4. 

LXXX. SoLANACE.t:. — L. as a rule alternate, stipules 0. Fl. regular, pentamerous, 
calyx usually gamosepalous, ovary free. Fr a berry or capsule, seeds numerous. 

LXXXI. ScROPHULARiACEiE. — L. usually opposite, stipules 0. Fl. usually bisexual, 
irregular; stamens 4, didynamous. Fr. a capsule, seeds numerous. 

LXXXII. BiGNONiACE.E. — L. Usually opposite, compound, leaflets opposite, stipules 
0. Fl. bisexual, generally zygomorphic, calyx gamosepalous, truncate split or toothed. 
Ovary free, supported by an annular disk. Fr. often elongated, generally dehiscent, the 
two valves separating from the dissepiment, to which numerous seeds are attached. 

LXXXIII. ACAM'HACE.*;. — L. opposite, stipules 0. Fl. bisexual, mostly irregular. 
Ovary free, 2-celled, style filiform, bifid, one branch often obsolete. Capsule, loculicidal, 
seeds seated on hard curved acute supports. 

LXXXI V. Myoporace.*;. — Introduced strubs. L. alternate, grand-lotted simple, 
exstipulate. Fl. small in axillary clusters, calyx 5-lobed, persistent, corolla 5-lobed 
nearly regular, stamens usually 4 in pairs, subequal, ovary 2 — 4, celled with one ovule 
in each cell. Fr. a small drupe. 

LXXXV. Verbenace^. — L. usually o[)posite or whorled, stipules 0. Fl, bisexual or 
by abortion polygamous, usually zygomorphic. Calyx as a rule gamosepalous and 
persistent, lobes imbricate, stamens usually 4, ovary 2-or 4-celled, 1 ovule in each cell. 

LXXXVI. Labiate. — Mostly aromatic, branches usually 4-sided, L. opposite or 
whorled, stipales 0- Fl. zygomorphic, calyx persistent, corolla usually 2-lipped, lobes 
imbricate in bud. Stamens didynamous, the '2 upper sometimes imperfect or wanting. 
Ovary free, usually 4-lobed, supported by the anuulardisk. Fr. of 4 one-seeded nutlets. 

III.— MONOCHLAMYDE^. 

Fl. frequently unisexual, perianth as a rule simple, rarely a distinct calyx and 
corolla. 

LXXXVII. Nyctaginacea;. — L. as a rule entire and opposite, stipules O. Fl. usually 
bisexual, often involucrate, with petaloid bracts. Ovary free, 1-oelled, ovule 1. Fr. 
indehiscent, enclosed in the persistent perianth-tabe. 



SYNOPSIS OF NATURAL ORDERS, 113 

LXXXVIII. Amakantace.i:.— Stipules O. Fl. usually bisexual, perianth of 5 persist- 
ent sepals, imbricate in bud. Stamens opposite the supals, ovary free, 1-celled. Seed 
one, embryo horseshoe- shaped or annular, surrounding a mealy endosperm. 

LXXXIX. CiiENopoDiACE.K. — Mostly plants of Salt lands L. wanting, or of ten small 
and fleshy, alternate, rarely opposite, simple, stipules 0. Fl. small, perianth of 3 — 5 
sepals, stamens opposite the sepals, Fr. generally enclosed in the perianth, seed one, 
embryo curved, annular or spiral. 

XC. PnYToLACCACE.E. — Introduced shrubs. L. alternate, entire, exstipulate. Fl. in 
racemes sepals 4-5 often petaloid, imbricate in bud, petals 0, stamens 4 alternating with 
petal spaces, or more and irregularly inserted, carpels 1 or more, 1 ovuled. Fr.dry or 
fleshy (red and pisiform in the present case). 

XCI. Polygon AC E-E. — L. alternate, simple, stipules scarious or membranous usually 
sheatliing. Fl. small usually bisexual, perianth of 4 — 6 persistent segments, imbricate 
in bud, stamens opposite the segments. Ovary free, 1-celled compressed or trigonous. 
Fr. a small hard nut, seed one. 

XCII. Aristolochiace.€. — Climbers. L, alternate, stipules 0. Flowers bisexual, 
perianth compannlate or tubular, 3-lobed or 2-lipped, ovary inferior, placentas parietal 
ovules numerous. 

XCIII. PiPERACEA". — Climbers, Usually aromatic and pepper scented. L. usually 
alternate, entire, basal nerves 3 or more, stipules membranous, enclosing the buds. 
Fl. usually dioecious or polygamous, in catkin-like spikes, perianth 0, stamens 1 — 4, 
hypogynous. Berry 1. seeded, seed globose. 

XCIV. ChloranthacE-E. — Usually aromatic. L. opposite, petioles often connate 
forming a sheath, stipules small subulate. Fl. in terminal spikes 1-sexual, connate 
male and female in pairs, perianth none, stamen 1 (or 3 confluent), ovary 1-celled with 
1-ovule Fr. a small drupe 1- seeded, with copious fleshy albumen. 

XCV. ilYEisTiCACEJi. — Aromatic. L. entire, penuinerved, stipules 0. Fl. l-sexual, 
perianth as a rule 3-lobed, valvate in bud, anthers 6 — 30, usually sessile, ovary free, 
ovule 1, erect. Seed arillate endosperm oily, ramiuate. [In Engler u. Prantl, Naturl. 
Pflanzen fam. III. 2'-10 justly placed near Anonacex.] 

XCVI. Laurace.e. — Aromatic. L. as a rule eutii-e and evergreen, stipules O. 
Perianth regular, deeply 6-clelt, segments biseriate, tube often enlarged in fr., stamens 
perigynous, normally 12 in 4 circles, those of the innermost circle often wanting, those 
of the two outermost circles opposite to perianth-segments, anther cells 2 or 4, opening 
by valves. Ovary free, 1-celled. Fr. a berry or drupe, seed one, cotyledons thick, 
oily. [In Engler u. Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzen fam. III. 2,106 placed in the vicinity 
of Berberidaceie and Menispermacece.^ 

XCVII. Proteace.e. — L. hard, mostly alternate, stipules O. Fl, bisexual, perianth of 
4 segments, in bud valvately cohering into a cylindrical tube, tips fi'ee, recurved. 
Stamens 4, tiJaments inserted on perianth-segments. Ovary free, 1-celled. Seeds few. 

XCVIII. Thymel.eace.e. — L. simple, quite, entire. Fl. usually bisexual, periauth 
tubular or companulate, lobes 4 or 5, imbricate in bud. Stamens inserted on the 
perianth, usually twice the number of lobes. Ovary free, usually 1-celled. 

XCIX. El.eagxace-e. — Often spinescent, with silvery or brown stellate scales or 
hairs. L. alternate, quite, entire, stipules 0. Fr. indehiscent, entirely enclosed within 
the lower fleshy part of perianth, seed 1, radicle inferior. 

C. LoRA.NTHACE.E, — Parasitic on stems and branches, L. entire usually opposite, 
sometimes wanting Fl. regular, perianth simple or doable, stamens equal to and 
opposite the petals or perianth-lobes. Ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovuled, adnate all round 
to the ovary walls. Fr. usually viscid. [See OlacaceaDj. 

CI. Santalace.e. — Mostly root-parasites. L. entire, stiptiles 0. Perianth usually 
adnate to ovary, 5 — 8 lobed, stamens opposite to lobes, ovary 1-celled, ovules several. 
Drupe or nut one-seeded. [See Olacace^]. 

CII. Euphorbiace.e. — L. in most genera alternate and undivided, stipulate. Fl.as a 
rule unisexual. Perianth calycine, several genera with petals. Ovarysuperior, as a 
rule of 3 carpels, more or less united, styles 3, ovules 1 or 2 in each cell, pendulous from 
the inner angle. 

cm. Ul.macej;, — L, distichous, undivided stipulate. Perianth 4 — 9 lobed or of 4 — 5 
sepals, atamans opposite to perianth-segments, rarely twice their number. Ovary of 2 
carpels, usually 1-celled, ovule 1, pendulous. 

CIV. Morace.e. — Juice usually milky. L. usually alternate, stipules large, often 
amplexicaul. Fl. unisexual, crowded on receptacles, which are globose, oylindric or 
hallow. Perianth of 4 sepals or segments, of ten fleshy in fr. Ovary 1-celled, ovule 1. 
usually pendulous. 



114 S7t^0P3[S OP NATURAL ORDERS. 

CV. Urticacea;." — L. alternate, stipulate, as a rule dentate, basal n. 3, PI, 
unisexual, sessible usually in compact heads or clusters, stamens 4 or 5 opposite to 
perianth-segments, filaments inflexed in bud. Ovule erect, orthotropous. 

OVI. PLATANACEiE. — Introdoced Trees. L. alternate, palminerved, lobed, stipules 
large. Fl. monoecious in unisexual globose heads on long axillary peduncles, sepals 
and petals minute, anthers linear, almost sessile, ovaries hairy at base, as many as 
sepals. [In Engler u. Prantl, Naturl. PHanzen fam. III. 2a. 137, placed near 
Hamamelidaceoi and Eovaccaj.] 

CVII. Casuaeinace.'E. — Introduced Trees. Branchlets slender, deciduous, ribbed, 
joined; L. none, replaced by membranous, dentate sheaths at the Joints, the teeth 
altsrnating with the ribs of the next joint above. Fl. unisexual, monandrous, in 
small ovoid spikes at the ends of lateral branchlets. Fr. a woody globose cone, 

CVIII. Betulace/E. — Introduced Trees. L. altei-nate, undivided, as a rule serrate, 
stipules deciduous. Fl. early in spring, male in drooping catkins, anther-cells as a rule 
distinct, female in spikes, ovary 2-celled, 1 pendulous ovule in each cell, styles 2, filiform 
perianth, or adnate to ovary. 

CIX. Fagace.?!:. — Introduced Trees. L. alternate, simple, penninerved, stipules 
deciduous, Fl. monoecious, male in drooping catkins or in erect spikes, anther-cells 
not distinct; female in spikes, each fl. or group of fl. enclosed in an involucre of 
numerous bracts, coalescing in fr., perianth adnate to ovary. Ovary 2 — 6-celled, 2 
pendulous ovules in each cell. 

ex. Salicace.^5. — L. deciduous, alternate, simple, stipulate. Fl. dioecious, in 
catkins, similar in both sexes, 1 fl. Ip the axil of each, disk at the base of stamens and 
ovary, perianth O. Ovary 1-celled, ovules on 2-4 parietal placentas. Seeds minute, 
enclosed by long silky, deciduous hairs. 

Note. — Following the arrangement in Hooker's Floi-a the Gymnosperm orders have 
next been taken in sequence, though the arrangement of Brandis really appears the 
better; it was not considered worth while altering the whole of the original numbering 
to adopt the sequence of Brandis. 

Second Class. (Gymnosperins). 

Fl. unisexual, perianth none or incomplete. Ovules free, not enclosed in an ovary, 
fertilized by the pollen-tube entering the micropyle or a tube formed by the integu- 
ment. Seeds naked, embryo straight with copious endosperm. 

CXI. Gnetace^. — Stem and branches jointed at the nodes. L. opposite, and 
broad. Fl. unisexual, one erect ovule, integument single, prolonged into a tube. 
Ovule enclosed in a perianth, which usually becomes fleshy in fr. 

CXII. Conifer.*:. — Mostly introduced Trees. Branches often whor led. L. alternate, 
sometimes reduced to sooles, usually small and narrow, sometimes acicular often 
tufted. Fl. unisexual, without perianth, deciduous wiih antheriferous scales. Seeds 
at the base of carpellary scales, often forming a cone. Endosperm mostly oily, 
cotyledons 2 or more. 

CXIII. Cycadace.-e. — Tinuli cylindrio, sometimes branched, with terminal tufts of 
rigid, pinnately compound leaves, pith and bark large. Fl. dicecious, at the apex of 
trunk among the leaves, in erect cones with numerous thick scales, bearing on the 
undersnrface globose anther-cells. Female carpophylls densely woolly in crowded 
whorls around the top of trunk, each with 1 — 5 pairs of ovules on its edge. 

Second Sub-Class. (Monocotyledons). 

Fibro- vascular bundles scattered in the cellular tissue of the stem, closely packed 
near the circumference and more sparse near the centre. Pith, wood and bark not 
distinct, no continuous cambium layer and no regular increase in thickness by the 
formation of concentric layers of new wood and bark, {Dracana and Cordyline 
abnormal.) Leaves on sheaths or broad-basod petioles, the blade usually with 
longitudinal nerves and undivided transverse veins. Perianth, when present, stamens 
and usually carpels, in threes or multiples of 3. Embryo small, usually in copious 
endosperm, cotyledon one, remaining enclosed in the germinating seed. 

CXIV, OrchidacE-?;. — Parasites, epiphytes or climbers, often Avith stems or branches 
thickened to form pseudo-bulbs. L. often bifarious, usually thick, sti'ap shaped 
sometimes oylindric. Perianth irz'egular of 3 sepals, free or variously joined; sepal 



SYNOrSIS OP NATURAL ORDERS. 115 

more or loss alike, the two lateral sometimes united to form a raentum, or sac-or 
spur-like base; p(>tal8 disaimilir, two lateral alike, the third called the lip, usually 
very differently shaped. Stamon usually 1, united with the style to form a column, 
which is sometimes produced iuto a rostellum, or beak, in front towards the lip ; ovary 
inferior 1-cellod, usually twisted. Fr. a capsule with minute seeds. 

CXV. SciAMiMACKK. — Caudex often woody with reed like stems. L. usually 
membranous, with sheathing petioles. Fl. irregular usually spicate, calyx of 3 free 
sepals or connate into a toothed or spathelike tube, corolla tubular with a 3-partite 
limb, of which the segments are free or connate ; stamens 6, of which 5 form petaloid 
staminodes, or 5 perfect and 1 imperfect ; ovary usually 3-celled with many ovules. 
Fr, usually 3-valved capsule, or fleshy or membranous and indehisceut. 

CXVI. Amaryllidace.k. — Introduced Plants. Leaves thick fleshy toothed and spiny 
crowded on the apex of a short erect succulent stem ; scape rising from the centre 
of the leaves, erect, often tall branching at the top into a thyrsiforra panicle, flowers 
fascicled on the branches of the panicle, perianth tube short split into 6 equal lobes, 
stamens 6 longer than the perianth, ovary 3-celled, ovules 2-seriate and numerous on 
the central angle of each cell ; Fr. 3 valved capsule. 

CXVII. DioscoEEACE-E. — Climbers, L. entire, lobed or digitately 3 — 5 foliolate, 
costate and reticulate, petiole often angular and twisted at the base, Fl. small in 
spikes racemes or panicles, 1 sexual, perianth 6 cleft, stamens 3, or 6 of which 3 some- 
times imperfect, and in a female flowers 0. 3, or 6 staminodes j ovary 3-celled 
triquetrous, ovules 2 in each cell ; fruit a berry or 3-valved capsule. 

CXVIII. RoXBTJRGHiACE.f:. — Climbers. L. 3-9 costate, with parallel cross nervules, 
alternate opposite or whorled. Fl. few or solitary axillary bisexual, perianth 2-seriately 
■t-cleft, stamens 4, ovary 1-celled, ovules 2 or more in each cell, Fr. 2 valved capsule. 

CXIX. LiLiACE-E. — Perianth iu 2 series, imbricate in bud, stamens mostly 6. Ovary 
3-celled, style 1, ovules attached to the inner angle of cells. 

CXX. FtAGELLARiACE-E. — CHmbers. L. many nerved or plaited with sheathing 
petiole and tendrilled tip. Fl. small in terminal panicles, 2-sexual, sepals 6 subpetaloid 
persistent imbricate, stamens (3, ovary 3-celled with 1 ovule inexchcell cell, Fr. a 
drupe with succulent exocarp and bony 1 — 2-seeded endo-carp. 

CXXT. Palm-E. — Stem solid, usually unbranched, in most genera with a terminal 
crown of pinna tely or palmately divided L., petiole broad-based, pinna) or segments 
usually folded longitudinally. Inflorescence with large sheathing bracts, fl. unisexual 
or polygamous, calyx and corolla of 3 segments each. Carpels 3, usually united in 
a 3-ceHed ovary. Endosperm horny or oily. 

CXXII. Ctclanthacej. — Introduced shrubs. L. distichous or spirally arranged, 
flabellate, petiolate. Fl. monoecious in superposed cycles or spiral, alternately male 
and female, males consisting of distinct stamens, female of ovaries surrounded with 
scales, often grown together, with parietal placenta. Fr. berries often clustered and 
growing together along with the scales that surround them. 

CXXIII. PAXDAXACE.i. — Stem solid, dividins: into dichotomons branches, each 
branch with tuft of linear sheathing L. in tristichous spirals, edges and midrib usually 
spinous. Inflorescence clothed with leafy spathes, Fl. dioecious, small, crowded, perianth 
0. Fr. a syncarpium of numerous more or less obconical frtiits, endosperm oily. 

CXXIV. Typhace^. — Reeds. L. linear erect spongy. Fl. small in very dense 
superposed cylindric spikes, unisexual with the males at the top, often intermixed 
with capillary bracteoles. Perianth of capillary hairs female 1 — 2-celled with one 
ovule in each cell. Fr. very minute with membranous epicasp. 

CXXY, Arace^. — Mostly climbers. L. alternate. Fl. 1—2 sexual sessile on a spadix 
more or less enclosed in a spathe, perianth 0. or of scales, ovary sessile i — 3-celled, 
ovules 1 or more in each cell, Fr. a berry. 

CXXVI. Geaminej:. — (Mostly bamboos). Stems above gi-ound hollow jointed, 
branches usually fascicled at the nodes. L. linear or oblong, on long split sheaths. 
Fl. usually bisexual, in distichous spikeleta, each fl . in the axil of a bract (glume) with 
an inner usually 2-nerved bract (palea). Stamens 3 or 6, in a few species many, 
usually supported by thin scales (lodicules). Seed 1, embryo with a large fleshy 
scntellum, and in most genera with a farinaceous endosperm. 

Third Class. '(I*terid.ophta). 

Plants without flowers, bearing antheridia or archegouia or both on minnte prothall 
in one stage of existence, and bearing small sporangia containing minute spores 
in an alternating sta^e. 

8-A 



116 SYNOPSIS OF NATURAL ORDERS. 

First Sub-Class. (Filices). 

Stock short or long, erect or creepinp;, often scaly ; fronds simple or varionsly, and 
often much, lobed, or cut, in bud usually circinate. Sporangia one-celled, usually 
membranous and dorsal, surrounded by a complete or incomplete jointed elastic 
ring, the sporangia clustered in So^i of defined but varied form, with or without a 
covering (indusium) ; spores minute, variable in form bat all of one kind. 

CXXVII. Gleichexiace.e. — Climbing Ferns; stem often dichotomously divided; 
sori dorsal with usually 2 — 4 sporangia that are surrounded by a broad transverse 
complete ring, and open vertically ; indusium absent. 

CXXVIII. PoLYPODiAtE£. — Caudex erect or creeping ; fronds herbaceous or 
coriaceous ; sori dorsal or marginal, with many sporangia, included or not in a 
covering indusium, usually pedicelled, more or less completely surrounded by a jointed 
vertical elastic ring, and usually bursting transversely. 

CXXIX. Schiz,«cea:. — Climbing Ferns ; fronds palmate or pinnate, veins free ; 
sori lateral with 2-valved sporangia that are crowned by a complete opercular ring, and 
open down the sides. 

CXXX. Marattiace^. — Fronds very large bipinnate ^vith basal fleshy stipulelike 
auricles, and thick texture, veins free or anastomosing ; sori marginal or dorsal ; 
sporangia without any ring, opening by a slit down one side or by a pore at the apex, 
usually joined together in concrete synangia, sometimes only contiguous but discrete. 

Second Sub-Class. (Lycopodinae). 

Leaves small in proportion to the stem, not whoried, often spirally alternate, 
circinate, with sporangia in their axils ; spores sometimes all of one kind producing 
prothalli which are 2-8exual, at others ef two different kinds; macrosporangia and 
microsporangia both developing rudimentary prothalli, which remains attached to the 
spore ; those of the macrospores bearing archegonia, those of the microspores bearing 
antheridia with antherozoids. 

CXXXI. Lycopodiace.e. — Epiphytes; rootstock none or trailing, stems produced, 
erect or creeping, alternately dichotomously forked with a central bundle of vascular 
tissue ; leaves small simple 1-nerved, usually uniform and multifarious ; vernation 
circinate. Sporangia axillary along the stem, or aggregated in terminal spikes in the 
axils of specialized bracts, uniform, compressed or turbinate, 1 — 3 valved, 1 — 3 celled 
spores uniform, globote, granulate, without eluters, usually with 3 radiating lines from 
the apex. 



KEY 10 KOB-CLASSFP, OhDFRS AND OKNEKA. 117 



KEY 



TO THE 

CHIEF SUB-DIVISIONS, ORDERS AND GENERA 

ADAPTED CHIEFLY FROM 

SIK D. BRANDIS' INDIAN TREES AND SIR D. PRAIN'S 
BENGAL PLANTS. 



KEY TO THE CHIEF SUB-DIVISIONS. 

I. Plants bearing flowers with stamens or pistils or boty. ; pistils bearing 
ovules that may nltimntely change into embryonate seeds •• — ... Pha.verogamia. 

(i) Pistils ■with a stigma ; OTules contained in an ovary composed of a carpel 
with cohering edges or of two or more cohering carpels: — ... Axgiospermk^. 

(1) First leaves of embryo two and opposite; framework of leaves 
nsually of netted veins ; perianth usually 4-meroTi3 or, more often, S-merons ; 
wocdy substance of stems tisnally in rings of bundles round a central pith .- — 

DiCOTYLEDOXEB. 

(A) Corolla usually and calyx almost always present ; flowers gen- 
erally hermaphrodite :— 
(a) Segments of corolla almost always free, frequently some or all 
of them absent ; stamens often indefinite : — 
(a) Stamens hypogynous arising apart from calyx direct from the 
receptacle or from a disk that crowns the pedicel ; seg- 
ments of calyx usually free : — . ... ... That.amifLob^. 

(/3) Stamans epigynous or perigynous arising from calyx or from 
a disk lining its tube ; segments of calyx nsually united .- — 

Caltcifloka,*. 

(b) Segments of corolla almost always, and of calyx very often, 

coherent, corolla rarely absent ; stamens almost always 

definite, usually adherent to corolla, sometimes hypogynous, 

rarely epigynous ; ovary inferior, or if superior the carpels 

no*- more than 3 : — ... Cobot.liflor/E. 

(B) Corolla almost always and calyx often absent ; flowers generally 

l-sexual: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Ixcomplet.e. 

(2) First leaves of embryo solitary or alternate ; framework of leaves of 
parallel-longitudinal, or less often parallel-divergent, rarely netted, veins ; 
perianth usually 3-nierou8 ; woody substance of the stem in isolated 
bundles: — ... ... ... •■• ... ... ... ... Monocottledo.ves. 

(ii) Pistils without a stigma ; ovules borne on an ovary composed of an 
open carpel ; perianth almost always absent ; first leaves of embryo two and 
opposite or more than two and whorled ; woody substance of stem in rings of 
bundles round a central pith : — ... -... ... ... ... ... GYMNosPEBMit. 

II. Plants wichout flowers, bearing antheridia or archogoiiia or both on 
minute prothalli in one stage of exist-ence, and bearing small sporangia con- 
taining minute spores in an alternating stage :^ ... ... ... Pteeidophyta. 

(i) Leaves large in proportion to stem, the fertile ones not confined to a 
par tioular region : — 

(1) Leaves bearing sporangia on their lower surfaces ; — ... Filices. 

(2) Leaves bearing sporangia on their upper surfaces: — ... Ehizocabpeje. 



118 KEY TO SD13-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

KEY TO THE CHIEF SUB-DIVISIONS— coni. 
(ii) Leaves small iq proportion to stem, the fertile ones almost always 
confined to a particular region: — 

(1) Leaves not in whorls, the fertile ones flat with sporangia in their 

axils: — LycopodinE/E. 

(2) Leaves in whorls, the fertile ones peltate formiug a spike at the apex 

of the stem bearing sporangia on their inner faces : — ... Equisetine^, 

Exceptions. 

PHANEROGAMIA. — Exceptions mainly tei-atological ; certain flowers may acci- 
dentally (Sterculia, Triumfetta, etc. ) have pistil, less often stamens, or constantly 
(Green liose of gardens) both these whorls replaced by leafy organs ; garden duuhle 
flowers may have no proper stamens, these bsing replaced by petals ; certain frnits 
(Musa, etc. :) may have no pips owing to ovules not developing into seeds. 

ANGIOSPERMiE. — Carpels open and young seeds naked from an early stage in 
some species {Sterculia colorata, etc.), but stigma present and carpels closed prior to 
fertilization. Partial or complete absence of perianth is noted under the various sub- 
divisions. 

DICOTTLEDONES. — Parallel divergent veins in the leaves of some Gcttifer^, 
Mtrtace,?:, and IJRTiCACEa;, but without 3-mery of perianth. The .S-mei'ous Dicoty- 
ledons are met with in Magxoliace^, Anonace-E, Menispeemace^, distinguished from 
Monocotyledons with reticulate leaves by having 9 perianth lobes instead of 6, or if 
only 6 (Anonace.e sometimes) by having carpels free; also in some Euphorbiace^ 
which have only 3 perianth lobes instead of 6 ; in Amoora (Meliace i:), Sonerila (Me- 
iastomace.e), Maha (Ebenace/e), and a few other genera which have all characteristics 
which distinguish them from the recticnlated leaved monocotyledons {Lioscorea and 
Smilax). 

THALAMIFLORiE. — Petals more or less united at the base in Ternstrcemiace.e 
TAMARISCACEJ3, OiiACACE^, Aquifoliace.e, etc, absent at times in RANtrNcuLACE.^:, Bix- 
ACE^, ^TEECULIACEtE, SaPINDACE.5;, OLaCACE;E, Ehamnace^, etc : — 

C^LYCIPLORiE. — Calyx tube very short or sepals free in some Leguminos^, Rosa- 
cea; Samydace.^ ; Petals absent sometimes in those orders and in CoMBRETACEiE, 

LVTHRACEyE, DaTISCACE.E. 

COROLLIFLOR^. — Corolla may be absent in Ofea (Oleace^) ; petals may be free 
in Olea (Oleace.^^). 

^ztma (SalvadoracEje), Styeace.® ; stamens are indefinite in ST?RACE.a;, and some- 
times Ebenac'e*. 

INCOMPLETE. — Petals occasionally present in Euphorbiace;e ; perianth 
similarly 2-seriate in some Laurace^ ; calyx and corolla distinct in Loranthus, 

TNote. This sub-divisions eems to be a relic of the artificial system still retained in the 

natural system. MYRisTiCACEa; is undoubtedly much nearer to Axonace.e, and 
Santalaceje and Loranthace^ to Olacacea; than to some of their companions in 
Incomplete ; Platanace.e approaches Hamamelidacee ; Ulmace^e is probably near 
Tiliacee ; and doubtless most other orders could be placed in the other sub-divisions 
in a similar fashion.] 

GYMNOSPERM^E.^ — Imperfect perianth occurs in the flowers of Gnetum. 

PTERIDOPHYTA. — In Zycopdium the fertile organs are aggregated in a conical 
mass simulating an inflorescence. In certain Filices also (e.g., Acrostichum) the 
limitation of sporangia to definite fronds gives rise to a similar appearance. 

Key to orders. 
(Note. — The Synopsis shows the connections, the Key the diiferenccs.) 

THALAMIFLORE. 

(I) Sepals usually imbricated in bud; if valvate (Ranunculacee) then with 
sepals free, leaves opposite, stamens many, and fruitlets separate ; or (Sapin- 
DACK/E, Nephelium) with leaves compound paripinnate, and seeds arillate : — 

(i) Sepals usually free ; if united belotv (Sapindace.e, Schleichera, 
Nephelium) with compound alternate paripinnate leaves, or (Sapindace^, 
Turpiyiia) with compound opposite imparipianate ones : — 

(1) Stamens indefinite (more than IS) ; if definite (Capparidace.?:, one 
Gapparis 3) then with 4 sepals, 4 petals and a berried fruit on a long gynophore ; 



KEY TO SUIl-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 119 

TIT ALAMIFLORiE— con*, 
or (Tkknsti!<kmiace.k, Eurija sometimes) attached to Laso of petalH ; (Bixace.t-; 

Hydnocarpu.''), tlicn trocs witli did-cioua flowors and broad scrrato leaves : ' 

(A) Sepals 3 or fewer, deciduous; Petals more or loss reseinldinf 
sepals in 2-many more or less distinctly ternate whorls] 
carpels many in 1 or more whorls ; trees and shrubs with 

altornato leaves :— Ill— Magnoliack 

(IJ) Sepals 4 or more ; if 2—3 (GoTTiFEKyTO, Ochrocarpus) then trees 

with opposite or ternat-^* leathery leaves and resinous juice .- 

(a) Petals few, usually 4 or 5, rarely 8 — 12 or 10, or 12 — 16 (Bixace/K 
Astcriastigma) in one (rarely two) whorls; if many (Randn- 
CULACE.^, Naravclia) then like staminodes in terrestrial 
climbers with opposite cirrhiferous leaves j if in a continuous 
spiral with sepals and bracts (TERNgTRCEMiACE.E, Camellia) 
then in terrestial shrubs : — 
(a) Sepals deciduous : — 

(*) Carpels when ripe usually quite free :— ... I— RaiXlwculace^. 
(**) Carpels coherent into a 1-locular ovary with parietal or 
(Bixace.e, sometimes) intruded placentic : — 
(t) Fruit either a 2-valved sessile, or stipitate capsule with 
marginal placentae or a berry separated from the torus 
by a long gynophore ; floral organs 4-merous ; embryo 
small at the base of the albumen : — ... VII — Capparidace/e. 
(ft) Fruit either fleshy and sessile, or a cfipsule with median 
' placentfB ; sepals 4 — 6, petals often 0, or 4 — 6, rarely 
{Asteriastigma) 12 — 16, embryo considerable near the 

middle of the albumen ; — ... ... .. x BixACEiE 

(/S) Sepals persistent : — 
(*) Leaves alternate : — 

(t) Stamens quite free from petals : — 

(§) Pistil of 1-many carpels more than one ovuled, distinct 

or cohering in the axis of the flowers ; styles quite 

free throughout, terminal or subdorsal; disk none: 

frnit of 1 or more distinct follicles or baccate by the 

accrescence of the enclosing calyx : — ,.. II — Dilleniacea;. 

(§§) Pistil deeply lobed, lobes oblique, embedded in an 

accrescent disk, loculi 1-ovuled ; styles connate 

central ; fruit of 3—10 drupes seated on broad disk, 

each one seeded : — XXXIII— Ochnace^. 

(§§§) Pistil of 3, 5, or 10 carpels forming a 1-locular ovarv, 
crowned by a single style j fruit capsular 5-or 10- 
ceUed, or imperfectly 3-celled : — ... IX — CisTAcSiE. 

(tt) Stamens attached to the bases of, and deciduous with, 

the petals: — ... ... ,. XVI — Terxstrcemiace.e. 

(**) Leaves opposite : — 

(t) Flowers almost always 1-sexual or polygamous and 4- 
merous, if 5-merous then with resinous juice ; leaves 
coriaceous not gland-dotted : — ... ... XV — Guttifer.?:. 

(tt) Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merou8 ; leaves herbaceous 

gland-dotted:— XIV— Hypbkicacb.e 

(2) Stamens definite, 10 or fewer : — 

(A) Flowers usually 3-merous, if 2-merous (some Menisfermace.e) 

then l-sexual ; carpels free or solitary ; stamens 6 free equal 
opposite the petals ; leaves alternate : — 

(a) Flowers minute, 1-sexnal ; scandent {Cocculus, 1 erect) shrubs ; 

carpels 3, seedH usually reniform : — V — Menispermace.e. 

(b) Flowers hermaphrodite; erect shrubs ; carpel solitary; anthers 

dehiscing by two valves : — VI— Berberidace.e. 

(B) Flowers 4 — 5 merons ; petals usually 5 (sometimes 4) ; perfect 

stamens as many, or twice as many, as petals ox sepals (except 
all Polygalace.?; and some Sapindacej:, where anisomerous): — 
(a) Ovary ] -celled ; stamens and petals isomerons : — 

(a) Placentas 3 parietal ; sepals usually persistent; stamens as 
many as petals ; petals often irregu^r ; leaves alternate 
(rarely opposite) :— ... „, VII — VioLACEiE 



120 KEY TO SUB- CLASSES, ORDEES AND GENEEA. 

THALAMIFLOR^~cow<. 

(;S) Placentas 2 — 5 parietal, or intruded to the axis; stamens as 
many as petals ; petals regular ; leaves alternate or subverti- 
cillate : — XI — Pittosporace^;. 

(7) Placentas free central ; stamens usually twice as many as 
petals ; petals regnler, slightly connate below, or ; leaves 
scale-like, minute, alternate : — ... .. XIII — Tamariscace.?;. 

(S) Placenta basal with 1 erect, or laterally fixed, ovule ; styles 3 ; 
stamens usually twice as many as petals ; petals contorted, 
slightly connate below ; leaves terminally tufted, alternate ; 
branches hooked, cirrhose : — ... XXII — Axcistrocladace.-e. 

(b) Ovary 2-or more-celled ; or, if 1-celled (Poltgalace^, 
Xanthophyllwrn), then the flower not isomerous ; seed I (less 
often 2) to each cell of fruit, and either erect or pendnlous ; if 
more than 2 and attached to inner angle of cells (Geraniace.^, 
Averrhoa, Impatiena), then either with regular flowers and 
alternate pinnate leaves, or with opposite or alternate simple 
leaves and irregular flowers : — 
(a) Seeds pendulous : — 

(*) Flowers usually anisomerous (sepals 5, stamens 8) ; filaments 
connate in a sheath usually adnate to petals ; sepals aud 
petals generally irregular ; ovary I — 2-locular ; leaves 
simple alcernate ; Disk : — ... ... XII — Polygalace^. 

(**) Flowers isomerous ; disk usually present : — 
(t) Leaves compound opposite ; stamens quite free, 10, or 

(Peganum) 12 — 15 : — ... ... XXIV^ — Ztgophyllace^. 

(ft) Leaves simple, or, if compound, alternate ; stamens more 

or less united : — 
(§) Ovules in each carpel 2, collateral ; cells of fruit, if 
capsular, 2 chambered, each chamber l-aeeded ; leaves 
always alternate simple ; stamens always 5 ; petals and 
sepals always regular : — ... ... ... XXII — Linages, 

(§§) Ovules in each carpel more than 2 ; stamens either 10 

with regular perianth and compound alternate leaves, 

or 5 with irregular perianth, connate anthers, and 

simple alternate or opposite leaves : — XXV — Geeaniacejc. 

(j8) Seeds erect ; flowers isomerous or anisomerous : leaves usually 

alternate paripinnate, rarely simple or digitately compound, 

more rarely opposite and odd pinnate ; seed often arillate : — 

XXXVIII— Sapindace.e. 

[Note. — Sir D. Brandis separates this into three distinct orders, as below :] 

(*) Leaves opposite, stipulate, 3-foliate or impari pinnate, leaflets 

stipellate : flowers regular, 2-8exual 5-merous ; stamens 5, 

inserted outside the disk ; ovary 3-celled, ovules 2-or more 

in each cell, embryo straight in fleshy albumen : — 

XXXVIII- A — Staphtleace.*. 

(**) Leaves opposite, exstipulate ; flowers regular polygamous ; 

disk generally annular ; stamens inserted or upon (rarely in 

side) the disk ; filaments free, as a rule glabrous ; ovary of 

2 carpels 2-celled, 2-lobed ; fruiting carpels winged 

albumen O : — ... XXXVIII-B — Acerace;e. 

(***) Leaves alternate, simple or pinnate (except JEsculus, oppo- 
site digitate) ; flowers regular or zygomorphic, genei'uUy 
polygamous ; sepals (or calyx) small, cupshaped, campa- 
nnlate or tubular in JEs-culus) ; petals usually 4, generally 
with scales or tufts of hair : stamens inserted between 
disk and ovary ; filaments generally hairy ; disk frequently 
unilateral (inconspicuous in Dodoncra) ; ovary usually of 
3 carpels, .3-celled, often 3-lobed, albumen O, embryo as 
a rule curved: — XXXVIII-C— Sapindace*. 

(ii) Sepals more or less united at the base : — 

(1) Stamens indefinite, (rarely 10' ; calyx-lobes 5, often enlarged in 
fruit ; petals 5, contorted; leaves alternate, stipulate, simple, not gland- dotted ; 
trees with resinous sap : — ... ... ... ... ... XVIII — Dipterocarpace.*:. 



KEY TO SIB-CLASSES, ORrEBS AND GENERA. 121 

THALAMIFLORyl':— co««. 
(2) Stamons definite, 12 or fewer, or if indeiinito (RdtacEv*;, Citrus, 
jEgle) then the leaves gland-dotted : — 

(A) Leaves pellucidly gland-dotted and aromatic, 8imi)leor compoimd, 

opposite or alternate ; calyx lobes and petals 4 — 5, latter often 
valvate ; stamens inserted outside prominent disk : — 

XXVI— RUTACE^.. 

(B) Leaves not gland-dotted : — 

(a) Leaves opposite, simple ; calyx-lobes and petals 5 ; stamens 10 ; 

disk obscure ; ovary 3-celled, cells 1-ovuled : — 

XXIII— MALPlGillACE/t. 

(b) Leaves alternate ,• if opposite (Cklastrac k.t-:, several species), 

the disk large, or (AciUivoLiACE.^-:, Cnrtisia), the flowers 4- 
merous : — 
(a) Carpels syncarpous septate, or apocarpous ; ovules few, pendu- 
lous, erect, or ascending :— 
(*) Stamens alternate with the petals: — 
(t) Ovules and seeds pendulous : — 

(§) Leaves compound, often bitter ; or if simple (Simarubace^, 

Samadera, Suriana), then fruit of 1 — 5 apocarpous 

drupes, or (Meliace-e, Turroea, Beddomea), then filaments 

united in a tube : — 

(II) Filaments free; fruit of 1 — 5 apocarpous samaras or 

drupes ; leaflets opposite :— ... XXVII— Simarubacka:. 
(11*11) Filaments united in a tube, if free {Walsura Cedrela, 
Chloroxylon), then fruit a tomentose berry or cap- 
sule :— XXX— Meliace/E. 

(§§) Leaves simple : — 

(II) Petals 2-lobed, imbricate; raphe of seed ventral: — 

XXXI — Chaill3tiacea:. 
dill) Petals entire ; raphe of seed dorsal : fruit a drupe : — 
iX) Petals usually valvate ; fruit 1-celled, 1-seeded : — 

XXXIII— ICACIXACE.K. 

(H) Petals imbricate ; fruit of 3—5 one seeded pyrenea: — 

XXXIV — Aquifoliace.k. 
(tt) Ovules and seeds erect or ascending :— 

t§) Ovary 3— 5-locular ; leaves simple :— XXXV — Celastrace,^;. 
(§§) Ovary 1-Iocular with leaves simple or compound, or 2 — 5 

locular with leaves compound: — ... XL — Anacardjacea:. 
(**) Stamens opposite the petals : — 
(t) Leaves simple, exstipulate ; ovary 1-celled, or-3— 5-celled at 

base only ; calyx small or O ; petals valvate : — XXXIl — OlacacE/K. 
(ft) Leaves simple or compound, stipules large caducous ; 
ovary 2— 6-celled; calyx small, entire or 4 — 5-lobed ; petals 

valvate : — XXXVII— Ampelidace.-e. 

(ttt) Leaves simple or compound, exstipulate ; ovary 2 — 3- 
celled ; calyx 4 — 5 partite, imbricate j petals imbri- 
cate : — XXXIX— SABIACE.i.. 

(/8) Carpels syncarpous, l-locular, placenta 3-parietal with numerous 
ovules' ; disk large lining the calyx tube ; flowers irregular; 
calyx segments, petals, stamens, staminodes, each 5 latter 
,5 — 7 ; leaves bi- or tri-pinnate with jointed pinnas and folioles : — 

XII — MoRlNGACB.t. 
(11) Sepals valvate in bud ; if imbricate, or subimbricate, then always with 
valvate petals, and either (Axonace.i:, Folyalthia sometimes) with 3-merou8 2- 
sexual flowers, or Tiliace.e, ElPMCarpus sometimes) with anthers dehiscing 
transversely, or (Bcbserace^, Bursera) with balsaminous sap: — 

(i) Sepals free ; flowers 3-merous ; stamens free, indefinite; ripe carpels free, 
rarely (^Tiana) conjoined : — ... ... ... ... ... •.• IV — Axonace^. 

(ii) Sepals united below ; if free (Tiliace.e, Qreuia, Tnumfetta), then 
flowers not 3-merous flowers 4 — 5-merous : — 
(1) Stamens monadelphous : — 

(A) Stamens indefinite {BrioAendron 5 — 7 only) in a column around the 
style with only short free filaments towards the apex, or dividing 
upwards into phalanges opposite the petals ; ultiniate filaments 



122 KEY TO SDB -CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

THALAMIFLOR^— coMi. 

with anthem 1-locular (2-locnlar in Eriodendron) and in inner 
series of filaments in TjOmbax, then with compound digitate leaves 
and with petals ; staminal column adnate at base to contorted 
corolla lobes ; often an epicalyx of bracts below the calyx • leaves 
simple (except Adansonia, Eriodendron, Bomhax, all digi- 
tate): — XIX — Malvace^. 

(B) Stamens definite, or sub-definite, in a column or cup aroond the 
style, with mouth of tubf^ usually with 5-sterile projections oppo- 
site the petals, the intervening sinuses bearing 1 — 5 bilocuiar 
anthers ; sometimes ( Eriolcena ) in a column around the style 
with short free filaments from the middle upwards, then with 
anthers bilocular ; leaves simple, sometimes compound-digitate, 
and then with no petals: — ... .. ... XX — Steeculiace^. 

(2) Stamens free, or (Tiliace.^: rarely) filaments slightly connate in a 
ring or shortly 3— 5 adelphous at the base j anthers 2-locular : — 

(A) Stamens indefinite, or if subdefinite {Triumjetta, Corchorus) then 

twice as many as petals ; leaves always simple ; entire or lobed : — 

XXI— TiLlACE-E. 

(B) Stamens always definite: — 

(a) Stamens twice as many, rarely only as many, as petals'; if iso- 

merous, then alternate with petals and quite free ; leaves com- 
pound imparipinnate or 3-fol;ate ; trees with balsamiuous 
sap:— ... XXIX — BrRsERACE-*;. 

(b) Stamens as many as, and always opposite, the petals, which are 

usually hooded over the anthers, and are adnate to the fila- 
ments at their insertion ; leaves always simple : — 

XXXVI— Ehamnace^ . 

CALYCIFLOR^. 

(I) Stems woody ; leaves distinct : — 
(i) Ovary apocarpous with 1 or more carpel, oi' syncarpous with several 
completely closed loculi : — 

(1) Ovules arising from the inner angles or from bases of carpels or 
loculi : — 

(A) Carpels solitary, excentric, style terminal ; ovules many or few 

arising from inner angle of carpel ; flowers irregular with 
definite, often diadelphous, stamens, or regular with generally 
indefinite stamens ; calyx with odd sepal nearest the axis; 
leaves almost always stipulate : — .. ... XLIII — Leguminos^. 

(a) Corolla papilionaceous ; petals irregular, imbricated, the upper- 

most (vexillum or standard) outermost, the four others in 
opposite pairs (lateral, alse or wings ; lowest carina or keel) ; 
stamens definite ; leaves simple, trifoliate, pari- or imparipin- 
nate :— XLIII-A— Papilione.!:. 

(b) Corolla slightly irregular ; petals slightly unequal, imbricate, 

upper innermost in bud ; stamens definite ; leaves bipinnate 
or pinnate, if simple (Bauhivia) then deeply bilobed at 
apex: — XLIII-B— C.tsALPixiE^. 

(c) Corolla regular ; petals valvate generally united above the 

base; stamens definite or indefinite : — ... XLIII-C — Mimosk.s. 

(B) Carpels several ; or if solitary either (EosacE-^:; sometimes) with 

style not terminal and with odd sepal remote from axis, or 
(CoxNARACE-E, sometimes) with ovules basilar and with exstipu- 
late leaves , flowers hermaphrodite : — 
(a) Cai-pels free, or if ultimately united, with styles distinct : — 
(a) St.imens indefinite; leaves stipulate; carpels many free or 
often ultimately united, not seldom carpel 1 ; ovules 
usually 2 from inner angle of cell ; style not terminal ; odd 
sepal remote from axis : — ... ... ... XLIV — Rosacea. 

()3) Stamens definite : leaves not stipulate : — 
(*) Carpels quite free ; ovules 2 arising from base of the oar- 
pels which are often fewer in number than lobes of 

calyx ; fruits follicular : — XLII — Conxakace.s. 

(**) Carpels with free styles, but elsewhere united ; fruit cap- 
sular, rarely (Ribeb) a berry: — 



KKY TO 8Uli-CLA88ES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 



123 



CALYClFLOR^E-cont, 

(•t) Leaves opposite or if alternate, flowers not in heads; 

seeds many fertile:— XLV— SaxifbagACE^. 

(tt) Leaves alternate ; flowers in heads of 8—20 connate by 
tlieir calyces; seeds G in each cell, lowest only 
fertile and winged (Bucklandia) •— XLVI— Hamameudace* 
(b) Carpels and styles united throughout; leaves exstipulate : — 
(a) Calyx Iol>es imbricate: — 

(*) Stamens indefinite ; petals imbricate ; anthers 
opening by slits; leaves usually opposite and 
gland-dotted, but not always:— XLIX— Mybtace.*:. 
(**) Stamens definite; petals valva«e; anthers open- 
ing usualh' by pores ; leaves opposite, not 
dotted, usually 3 — 5 nerved at base : — 

L — Melastomaces;. 
($) Calyx lobes valvate ; stamens definite, rarely indefinite : — 
(*) Ovary free from calyx-tube, if adnate thereto 
{Punica) then stamens indefinite ; petals usually 
corragated: — ... . ... LI — LvthkaceA;«. 

(**) Ovary adnate, or semi-adnate, to calyx-tube with 

stamens definite : — • ... . . LII — OnagracEjE. 

(2) Ovules suspended from apices of carpels or loculi, and always few ; 
ovaries almost always inferior, usually more than 1-locular : — 

(A) Ovoies more than one in each loculus, the flowers hermaphro- 
dite ; or if ovules in each cell solitary? the flowers 1-sesual 
(CoMBRETACE.?^". [Hebxandiace.1':, Brandis] Gyrocarpus) ; styles 
Tinited : — 

(a) Ovary 2—6 locular ; leaves opposite ; maritime species (except 

Carallia, Weihea and Blefharistemma) :— XLVII— EhizophoRACE.E. 

(b) Ovary 1 -locular ; leaves opposite or alternate; inUnd species 

(except Li'.mnitzera) :— ... XLVIII— CoMBEETACEi;. 

(B) Gvnles 1 in each locolus ; flowers hermaphrodite : — 

(a) Flowers in axillary cymes or fascicles ; fruit drupaceous with 

1 — 2 celled stone ; leaves exstipulate, nearly entire : — LX — Cob.nace.e. 

(b) Flowers in umbels ; leaves stipulate, almost always alternate:— 
(a) Fruit somewhat fleshy ; carpels generally more than 2, never 

separating spontaneously, and without glandular vittae ; 
leaves almost always compound, or if simple usually 

deeply lobed :— LIX— Araliace.e. 

(3) Fruit dry ; carpels 2 separating spontaneously, usually vrith 
glandular vittae containing an essential oil : — • 

liVIII — Umbellifeb^:. 
(ii) Ovary syncarpous l-locular with 3—5 parietal placentas with many 
ovules, usually free from calyx-tube, occasionally half-inferior (Samydace.e, 
Homalium) or inferior (Dati.-cace.e) ; styles usually distinct, sometimes more or 
less united (Samypace.e, Cagearia, and Passiflorace^:; lobes of calyx, petals, 
and stamens definite; flowers regular : — 

(1) Flowers hermaphrodite, or if 1-sexual (PassifloB-ACE.?;, Carica) with 

ovary superior: — 

(A) Flowers with a distinct corona between petals and stamens ; 

tendrilled climbers or (Carica) trees with 1-sexual flowers and 
superior ovary ; styles united at least below : — LV — Passiflobace.e. 

(B) Flowers without distinct corona between petals and stamens : — 

(a) Sepals and petals dissimilar; styles altogether free ; shrubs: — 

L I V — Tu E N EBACE.E 

(b) Sepals and petals snbsimilar ; styles united at ba.-e or free ; 

trtes : — ... LIIl— SAUTDACE.i;. 

(2) Flowers 1-sexual or polygamous, with ovary inferior; segments of 
pcrinlh minute ; styles distinct, often 2 partite ; leaves alternate, exstipulate : — 

LV 1 — Datiscacej:. 
(II) Stems fleshy, often flat and leaf-like, articulate, and leaves minute or 
rodnced to spines, or if with woody stems and fleshy leaves {P?reskia), then 
with spines on the stem ; flowers hermaphrodite, usually large ; calyx adnate to 
the ovary; lobes of calyx, petals, and stamena numerous; styles radiating at. 
tip, united below ; ovary syncarpous, 1-locular with parietal placentas : — 

LVII— CACTACEi. 



124 KEY TO SUE-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

COROLLIFLOE^. 

I. Ovary inferior ; stamens equal in nnnaber to (rarely fewer than), and 
always alternate with, the lobes of the corolla ; flowers regular, or less often 
irregular ; fruit never 2 elongated follicles: — 

(i) Stamens attached to corolla, equal in number with its lobes : — 

(1) Anthers free ; ovary 2 many-locnlar, chambers 1 many-ovuled ; 
leaves opposite ; seeds usually with copious albumen ; calyx-limb toothed, lobed 
or partite : — 

(A) Leaves without stipules, or if present lateral : — LXI — Caprifoliack.-e, 

(B) Leaves with stipules, inter-or intra-petiolar, or leaf -like and 

whorled with the leaves ; flowers sometimes in heads without 
involucres: — • LXII — Edbiace^. 

(2) Anthers connate, syngenesious ; ovary 1 locular, 1 ovuled ; seeds 
without albumen ; calyx-limb reduced to a pappus or obsolete j flowers usually 

in heads surrounded by an iiivolucre ; leaves usually alternate : — LXIII — Composite:. 

(ii) Stamens free from the corolla which is often split dorsally to the base ; 
ovary 2 — 10-locular, chambers usually many-ovuled ; stamens 5, as many as the 
equal or unequal corolla lobes, the filaments free from the stylo : — 

(1) Ovary with 2—5 (rarely 6 — 10) placentas or loculi, ovules many ; • 
juice usually milky : — LXV — Campanulacea;. 

(2) Ovary 1 — 2 celled, style simple with a cupshaped indusium including 

the stigmas ovules 2 (ScfRwia) erect :— liXIV— Goodeniace^e. 

(II) Ovary superior, or if inferior (Ericace^ Styrace.e, sometimes), then 
with stamens more numerous than the corolla lobes, or if inferior and with 
stamens only as many as corolla lobes, then either (Myesinace^., Ma^ga) with 
stamens opposite corolla lobes, jr (Apoctnace^:, sometimes) with stamens alter- 
nate with corolla lobes and with 2 carpels and a fruit of 2 elongated follicles : — 
(i) Ovary 1 locular with free central placenta; stamens (except Plumbago) 
epipetalous, equal in number and opposite, to the corolla lobes : — 

(1) Ovary 1-ovuled, styles or style branches 5 : — LXVII — Plumbaginace*. 

(2) Ovary 2 many-ovuled, style undivided ; fruit indehiscent : — 

LXVIII — Myesinace^. 
(ii) Ovary 2-many-(rarely 1-) locular, placentas axial, or less often parie- 
tal, never free central : — 

(1) Stamens free from the corolla, and usually more numerous than the 
lobes : — 

(A) Flowers hermaphrodite ; ovary superior, half inferior or inferior ; 

stamens twice as many as corolla lobes ; styles simple ; ovules 
many iu each chamber : — ... ... ... ... LXVI — EricacE/*;. 

(B) Flowers dioecious ; ovary superior; stamens equal to and opposite, 

or twice as many as corolla lobes, or many; styles 2 — 8; ovules 
always twice as mauy as styles, either 2 in each undivided 
locnluSj or 1 in each compartment of the sub-divided locnli : — 

LXX — EBENACEyE. 

(2) Stamens attached to corolla : — 

(A) Ovary 3 or more carpelled, or if 2-carperied (SapotaCe^e, some- 

times), then with stamens either equal to and opposite, or more 
numerous than, corolla lobea ; flower hermaphrodite ; style 
simple : — 

(a) Ovary superior, ovary 1 in each chamber ; juice milky -. — 

LXIX— Sapotace^. 

(b) Ovary inferior, or ^ inferior, or at least partially attached to 

the calyx tube, ovules 2 or more in each chamber :— 

LXXI— Styrace^. 

(B) Ovary 2-carpelled, or if 3 — 5 carpelled (PoLEMONiACEiE, and both 

Convolvulace;e and Verbenaceje sometimes) then with sta- 
mens either equal to and alternate with, or fewer than, the 
corolla lobes : — 
(a) Corolla regular, (rarely slightly oblique) ; stamens as many as, 
and alternate with, corolla lobes, or if stamens fewer than 
corolla lobes and corolla regular (Oleace^e), then stamens 
alternate with carpels : — 
(a) Leaves opposite, or if alternate (Apocynace*; Thevetiu, Cer- 
bera, Plumeria, and Asclepiadacea;, Vttleria), then plants 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 125 

COROLLIFLOE/E— ccmt. 

with milky or coloured juice, and either with a hairy ring 
of Bcalea hiding the stamens (Thevetia, Cerbera, Flumeria), 
or a smalt riug of scales opposite and close to the stamens 
(Uttleria): — 
(*) Stamens 2, alternate with the carpels ; corolla lobes 4 — 5 or 
more, imbricate or valvate ; ovary 2-locular, each cham- 
ber 2-(rarelv 1-, or 4-) ovuled ; leaves exstipnlate : — 

LXXII— OLEAcE.t:. 
(**) Stamens 4 or more, alternate with the corolla lobes : — 
(t) Corolla lobes or free petals, and stamens, 4, segments of 
corolla imbricate ; ovary 1-locnlar and 1-ovuled, or 2- 
locular with each chamber 2-ovuled ; rudimentary sti- 
pales (sometimes as thorns) usually present : — 

LXXIII — Salvadoeace/E. 
(ft) Corolla lobes or free petals 5 (rarely many), or if 4 (Logaxiace.e, 
sometimes), then the chambers of the 2-(rarely 1-) locnlar 
ovary many-ovuled : — 
(§) Carpels free with only the styles united, or if carpels united 
(Apocyxac'E.e, sometimes), then the corolla with lobes con- 
torted and twisted to the left ; style more or less enlarged 
towards the top with the stigmatic surface below the 
tip ; stamens and corolla lobes always 5 ; juice milky or 
coloured :^ 
( II ^ Pollengranular ; stigma annular, or interrupted below the 
smooth non-stigmatic, entire or 2-fid, tip of style ; fruit 
baccate or drupaceous, or of 2 free Trarely nnited) folli- 
cles ; ovnles usually many (sometimes 1 — 6) in each 
chamber ; stipules (rarely interpetiolar glands or hori- 
zontal lines) : — ... ... ... ... LXXiy — Apocyxace^. 

(II i') Polien aggregated in solitary or paired masses Qpollinia') 
in each another cell ; apex of style flattened into a 
plane or beaked disk with stigmatic border bearing 5 
glands (corpuscle.?) to which the poUinia are attached 
in pairs or in fours ; stipules always O ; fruit usually 

of 2 free follicles : — LXXV — Asclepiadace^. 

(§§) Carpels as well as the style always united, stigma terminal j 
corolla lobes imbricate or valvate, or if contorted (^'agraa), 
then twisted to the right and corolla long tubular ; corolla- 
lobes and stamens 4 — 5 ; leaves joined at their bases by 
intei-petiolar stipules or raisedjhorizontal stipulary lines : — 

LXXVI — Logaxiacej:. 
(/3) Leaves alternate or if opposite (Polemoxiace.e, sometimes), 
then the pistil 3-merous ; carpels never free ; stamens never 
hidden by a ring of scales : — 
(*) Carpels 3, and ovary 3-locular ; styles simple, shortly 3-fid ; 
corolla lobes contorted; ovnles in each locnlus few, attached 
to inner angle of each locolns ; capstile loculicidally dehis- 
cent : — ... LXXVII — Polemoxiace^. 

(**) Carpels 2, or if 3 — 5 (Coxvolyulace.?:, sometimes) then with 

corolla plicate and ovules in each loculns 1 — 4 erect from 

the base of the loculus :— 

(t) Ovnles in each carpel numerous, and ovary 2-locular j corolla 

lobes plicate, or if (rarely) imbricate, then the style 

entire:— ,., LXXX— Solaxace.*. 

(t+) Ovules in each caipel 2 (less often 1, rarely 4) : — 
(§) Corolla lobes imbricate or contorted ; ovary 2-locrJar, loculi 
2-ovuled (or spuriously 4-locnlar with 1 ovule in each 
loculus) ; frnit of two 1 — 2 seeded pyrenes or four 1-seeded 
nutlets indehiscent) ; embryo with radicle superior : — 

LXXYIII — EoBAGlXACEi, 

(§§) Corolla lobes plicate, rarely (Cressa, Cuscuta) imbricate, and 
then fi-nit a valvular or circumaoiBsile capsule ; ovary 2- 
(rarely 3—5-) locular; fruit usually dehiscent, (except 



l26 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND OENERA. 

COEOLLIFLOR^E— con*. 
Eryciie, Rivea, Arggreia, Lettsomia, and then with radicle 
inferior ; Reeds erect ; jnice often, but not copiously, milky : 
rarely (CiiscMfa) parasitic : — ... LXXIX — CoNvOLvnLACE.«!. 
(b) Corolla irregular or at least somewhat oblique, its lobes overlap- 
ping ; uppermost stamen, if present smaller than the others, 
often reduced to an antherleas staminode or altogether absent; 
if corolla regular with 1 — 2 ovules in each ovary and fruit in 
dehiscent (Verbenace.e, sometimes"^, then with radicle in- 
ferior :— 
(a) Carpels 2-or more-, usually many-, ovuled, but if only 2 then the 
ovules superposed, or if ovules 2 and collateral (Acanthace.^, 
Thunbergia only), then the fruit a 2-valved capsule opening 
elastically from the tip: — 
(*) Mvary 2-locnlar, or if l-locular (BiGXONiACE.?;, sometimes), then 
the seeds large and closel}' packed in the substance of the 
much accrescent parietal placentas : — 
(f ) Fruit opening elastically from the apex by 2 loculicidal valves ; 
seeds supported on a retinaculum (upcurved subacute sup- 
port) : leaves opposite : — LXXXIII .\CAXTHACE5:. 

(tt) Fruit dehiscent but not opening elastically (rarelly indehis- 

cent) : — 
(§) Seeds large transverse, usually with a broad membranous 
wing, with horizontal embryo and no albumen, radicle 
centrifugal ; fruit capsular, or indehisceut and tilled with 
fleshy or spongy pulp ; leaves opposite or fasc;icled ; mostly 

coiQpound:— ... LXXXII — Bigxoniace^:. 

(§§) Seeds small or minute, almost always albuminous ; ovary 2- 
iocular, placentas attached to middle of septum ; leaves simple 

mostly alternate: — LXXXI — Scbophulariace^. 

(/3) Carpels l-(rarely 2-) ovuled, if 2-ovuled the ovules collateral and 
not superposed, and chambers of fruit always 1-seeded aud in- 
dehiscent: — 
(*) Leaves opposite ; radicle inferior : — 
(t) Fruit n')t 4-lobed, or, if 4-lobed, drupaceous ; if separating into 

nutlets the ovary entire: — LXXXV — VebbenacE.?:. 

(ft) Fruit separating into 4 distinct nutlets or (loss often) drupes, 
rarely 4-lobed and not separating, then not drupaceous ; 

ovary always 4-lobed :— ... LXXXVI — Labiat.e. 

(**) Leaves alternate ; fruit drupaceous succulent ; radicle 

supei-ior:— LXXXIV — Myopoeace.*, 

INCOMPLETE. 

(I) Flowers hermaphrodite, less often (sometimes in the 3 following 
orders) l-sexual, then (Laurace.k) the perianth-lobes 2-8eriate and anthers 
opening by values upwards, or (El.'Eagnacke) the perianth fleshy and 
partly adherent to the ovary and the stamens either alternate with, or twice as 
mauj as, its lobes, or (Loraxthace.*:, Vtscurn) the ovule not clearly distin- 
guishable from the carpellary tissue and the seed without a testa ; perianth 
almost always present and usually single, if double (Loranthace.e, some- 
times) the outer whorl very small, the seed with no testi,, and the stamens 
opposite the lobes of the inner perianth : — 

(i) ()vary inferior ; seeds with copious albumen : — 

(1) Ovary syucarpous, completely or partially 6-(rarely 4-5-) locular, 
ovules many superposed either 2 seriate ly in each ioculus, or 1-seriately on 
opposite sides of the plaoeata ; seeds with a distinct testa; perianth 3-lobed 
often irre^ulvir ; stameus 6 ; scaudent: — XOlI — Aristolgchiace.?:. 

(2) Ovary l-locular, ovules 1 — 3 ; seeds with no proper testa; stamens 
as many as, and opposite, the inner or only perianth lobes ; parasitic whether 
by root or epiphytic : — 

(A) Ovules 3, 2, or 1, pendulous from, or below, the tip of a free 
funicular axis ; perianth always simple, oalycine or corolline ; 
mostly root parasites : — Ci — Saxtalace*, 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND OENERA. 127 

INCOMPLETyE— co»i<, 

(B) Ovule 1, oieot from base of ovary, but at first not clearly distin- 
guishable from the tissues of the inner carpellary wall ; perianth 
simple or double, the inner coloured and large, the outer minute ; 

epiphytic: — C — Lora.ntiiack.*;. 

(ii) Ovary superior, quite free from the perianth or (NycTAGiXACK.t;, 
ErtAGNACK.T:) with its base adherent to the persistent perianth base, 1- 
locular, 1-oviiled, or occasionally of several free (Phytolaccack e), or of 2 
synciirpous 1-ovulod (Tiiymelkace.k, sometimes), carpelb, rarely 1-locular with 
2-niaiiy ovules on a free central (Amarantace.e, Deeringia), or 2 collateral 
(or more than 2 biseriately superposed) ovules on a lateral (Proteace.e, 
Hoinetiin"<!), placenta : — 

{\ ) Seeds without albumen, or if albuminous (Thvmel.t,ace.e, 
RTmoiiines), then the embryo straight : — 

(A) Perianth tube constricted above the ovary, subcorolline, base 

persistent with upper part deciduous, lobes 2 or 4 short valvate 
or subimbricate ; stamens as many as, and alternate with or 
twice as many as, the perianth lobes, anthers normal ; ovary 1- 
locuUr, ovnle 1 erect ; trees and shrubs with scaly or stellate 
toinentum : — ... ... ... XCIX — El.^agxace.e. 

(B) Perianth tube not constricted above the ovary, lobes rather 

long : — 
(a) Stamens as many as and opposite, or twice (rarely thrice) as 
many as, the perianth lobes : — 
(a) Perianth lobes 4 valvate, tube short or long ; stamens always 
4 in one series, anthers normal ; ovary 1 -locular, ovules solitai'y 
or 2 collateral, or several 2 serially superposed ; perianth 
calycine or corolline ; leaves exceedingly variable : — 

XCVII— Pboteace.e. 

{fi) Perianth Icbes imbricate ; stamens often in 2 — 3 series ; ovules 

pendulous : — 
(*) Perianth tube rather long, lobes 4 — 5 uniseriate ; stamens 1 — 2- 
(rarely 3-) times as many as, sometimes fewer than, lobes, 
anthers normal ; ova ry 1 — 2 celled, each cell 1-ovuled ; non- 
aromatic:-- ... XCYIII— THyMEL^ACE.E. 

(*•) Perianth tube very short, lobed either 6 or 4 biseriate ; 
stamens 1 — 2-times as nwny as, and opposite, the lobes, 
anthers almost always opening by valves ; ovary always 
1 -locular ; aromatic, except {Cai^sytha) which is parasitic : — ' 

XCTI — Laurace e. 
Note. — Brandis separates off Herxaxdiace.e, and includes Gryrocarpus therein : — 
Perianth tube very short, lobes or segments 4 — 10, 1 — 2 seriate ; flowers 
monoecious or poh'gamous ; stamens 3 — 7 with 1 — 2 glandular staminodes at the 
base, anthtrs f)pening by valves laterally (not upwards as in Lacrace.e except 
Ca.'-sy^/ia) ; ovary inferior 1-locular nou-aromatio : — ... XCVI-B — Herxaxdiace.«. 
This should then come under (II)-(i)-(l)-(A). 

> (2) Seeds usually with copious albumen, if albumen scanty (Xyctagix- 
ACE.E, sometimes) or none (Chexopodiace.e, sometimes) than the embryo curved 
and either excentric or peripheric : — 

(A) Leaves exstipulato, or (Phytolaccace.e, sometimes) stipules 
minute or reduced to tubercles : — 

(a) Perianth tubular, base adherent to ovary, tube short or long per- 

sistent and often accrescent in fruit, or deciduous, truncate or 
3 — 5-toothed or-lobed, the segments plica tely or simply valvate, 
sometimes (Bougainvilla) conspicuous by bracteate ; carpels 
solitary 1-ovuled, st>le simple:-- ... LXXXVII — NY'CTAGiXACEa;. 

(b) Perianth lobes united only at the base, always, imbricate : — 
(a) Perianth acarious-anddry ; flowers always bracteate and 2- 

bracteolate filament.s always connate at the base, hypogynoua 

or perlgynou-s ; ovary locular, style simple or 2 — 3-fid, ovules 

1 — 2-3; leaves Ojiposite alternate: — LXXXVIII — Amaraxtace.?:. 

(/3) Perianth membranous, herbaceous or coriaceous, never 

scariou'i, stamens always hypogynous ; leaves alternate : — 



128 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

INCOMPLETE— cori.«. 

(*) Flowers glomerulate, axillary or in spikes panicled or cymose 
(very rarely simply spicate, rarely strobilate or sunk in the 
nodes of a jointed rachis), usually ebracteate (very rarely 
both bracteate and bibraofceolate) ; perianth membranous 
or hei'baceous, occasionally in 1-sexual female flowers 
absent ; ovary 1-locular 1-ovuled, style simple or 2 — 3-lobed 

or 2 — 5 styles; — LXXXIX — CHENOPODiACEiE, 

(* *) Flowers racemose, terminal or axillary, usually bracteate 
and bibracteolate ; perianth herbaceous or coriaceous ; 
ovary 1-locular 1-ovnled, style simple, or carpels - 

several apocarpous each with 1 ovule and 1 style : — 

XC — Phytolaocace^. 
(B) Leaves stipulate, stipules connate as an ochrea (sheath) embra- 
cing the nodes, persistent or (rarely) deciduous and leaving a 
circular scar of attachment of alternate or horizontal lines 
between the attachment of occasionally opposite leaves ; perianth 
membranous or herbaceous, often coloured; stamens perigynous j 
ovary 1-locular l-ovuled, style arms, or styles, 2 — 3 : — 

XCI — PolygonanckjE. 
(II) Flowers 1-sexual, rarely (Pipeeace^, sometimes) hermaphrodite and 
then with no perianth ; perianth often absent or minute, if present simple, 
rarely double (Euphobbiacea: sometimes) and then the outer whorl conspicuous 
with the stamens either all central or those of the outer series alternate with 
the inner perianth segments, or, if the stamens of the outer series be opposite 
the inner perianth segments, then the seed provided with a testa and the plant 
not parasitic; ovary superior, very rarely (Ueticace.I!;, sometimes) inferior and 
then the stamens opposite to, and not more numerous than, the perianth 
segments ; anthers never opening by valves : — 
(i) Leafy plants : — 

(1) Leaves simple, or (Euphorbiace.^, sometimes) digitately (never 
pinnately) compound : — 

(A) Ovary monocarpellary 1-locular, or if syncarpous then 2-more- 
locular ; ovules in each carpel or loculus 1, or 2-collateral, rarely 
(PiPEKACE/Ti, sometimes) ovary more or less 3 — 4-locular with 
6—8 ovules in each loculus 2-seriateJy superposed on intruded 
placentas and then with 2-sexnal flowers : — 

(a) Leaves exstipulate alternate ; aromatic trees ; flowers 1-sexuaI : — 
(a) Flowers fascicled or umbellate ; perianth gamophyllous, 

calycnie, 3-(rarely 2 — 4-) lobed ; stamens monadelphous; 
ovary 1-locular 1-ovuled in the base of the respective 
perianths ; ovule erect, albumen copious fleshy, embryo 
very minute : — ... ... ... ... XCV — Mtristicace.«, 

(j8) Flowers in cylindric bracteate catkinlike spikes, male spikes 
solitary, fascicled, or panicled, with sometimes a female 
flower on top, female spikes axillary, bi-acts 1 — 4 flowered ; 
stamens 3 — 6 (m a torus ii.dnate to the bract, filaments short 
free or connate, anthers erect 2-celled ; ovary 1-celled 2 — 4"' 
bracteate, style 2-fid stigmatoae inwardly, ovule 1 erect ; 
albumen o, embryo straight : — ... CVI — {bis). Myricac'EJi:. 

(b) Leaves stipulate : — 

(a) Ovary 1-locular 1-ovuled, or if syncarpous (Piferace.'E, some- 
times) then either the carpels only partly united, or if 
completely united the loculi incomplete, and then m either 
case the ovules in each loculus more than 2 ; flowers 
usually minute; perianth either simple or : — 
(*) Seeds with copious floury albumen and minute embryo ; 
flowers in spikes (very rarely in racemes), and rarely 
1-sexual; perianth almost lilways ; leaves usually 
alternate, smelling more or less of pepper when crushed : — 

XCIII — Piperace.e. 
(**) Seeds with little or no albumen, embryo large filling the 
seed coat, or if albumen copious, then fleshy anil the 
embryo nearly or quite as long as the albumen : — 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 129 

INCOMPLETE— cont. 
(t) Leaves alternate, paltr.atoly many-lobed and-ncrved, 
Ptipales larfje ; inflorosconce of long peduncled 
globoBO l-8exnal axillary heads ; aepals on a chaffy or 
silky receptacle ; male flowers obracteolate, anthers 
many subsessile with a small back scale ; female of 
many (as many as sepals) naked 1-celled ovariea 
mixed witli slender bracteoles narrowed into a long 
style stigmatose on one side : — ... C 71 Plataxacb*. 
(tt) Leaves distichonH, undivided, stipulate; flowers l-or 2- 
sexual, solitaiv, fascicled, cymose or racemose ; 
perianth 4— 9-lobe(l or of 4- 5 sepals ; stamens 
opposite the perianth segments, (rarely twice the 
number) ; ovary of 2 carpels usnally 1-cclled, ovule 1 
pendulous:- CIII-Ulmace/e. 

(ttt) Leaves usually alternate, often with milky jnice, 
stipules large often amplexicaul ; flowers 1 -sexual, 
crowded on receptacles which are globose, cylindric 
or hollow ; female perianth of 4 sepals or segments, 
which are often fleshy in frcit; ovary 1-celled, ovule 
usually 1 pendulous :— CIV— Aetocabpace^. 

(tttt) Leaves alternate, (more rarely opposite), stipulate, 
as a rule toothed and basaUy 3-aerved, sometimes with 
stinging hairs ; flowers l-sexual, sessile, usually in 
compact heads or clusters, sometimes spicately 
arranged; stamens 4 or 5 opposite the pei-ianth 
segments, filaments inflexed in bud ; ovule erect : — 

CV— Urticace.*. 

(B) Ovary 2-or more-locular with the loctdi perfect and never 
more than 2-ovuled, rarely (EupHOSBiACEiE, sometimes) 
1-locDlar and then the ovules 2, or if the ovary is 1-locular 
and 1-ovnled then the stamens usually much more 
numerous than the perianth lobes, and those of the outter 
. (or only) series alternate with the outer (or only) lobes of 
the perianth : — 
(*) Seeds with copious albumen, or if albumen scanty or U the 
fruit either a capsule or, if indehiscent, drupelike or 
berry-like with fleshy or leathery pericarp ; inflores- 
• cence variable, but male flowers never in catkins; leaves 

various, usually simple, (rarely digitately compound), 
eenerallv penninerved but sometimes palmately nerved : — 
*= • CII — EoPHORBiACEa:, 

(**) Seeds without albumen; fruit always an indehiscent nut 
with a hard or tongh pericarp ; male flowers in spikes or 
often in catkins ; female in spikes or at times at the base of 
the male spikes ; leaves always simple penninerved : — 
(+) Male flowers in drooping catkins ; anther cells as a rule dis- 
tinct ; female flowers in spikes ; perianth S or adnate to 
ovary'; ovary 2-celled, ovule 1 pendulous in each cell, 

styles 2 long filiform : • - CVIII-Betulace^:. 

(tt) Male flowers in drooping catkins or erect spikes ; anther 
cells, not distinct ; female flowers in spikes, each flower 
or group of flowers enclosed in an involucre of unmerous 
bracts coalescing in fruit ; perianth adnate to ovary ; 
Ovary 2-celled, ovules 2 pendulous in each cell : — 

■' CIX— Fagace^:. 

(B) Ovary syncarpous, 1-locnlar, placentas 2 or 4 not intruded, 

ovules on each placentas 4 or more biseriately superposed; 

flowers l-sexual, in catkins ; seeds minute with a coma of long 

hairs, albumen 0; leaves simple, stipulate :— ... CX— Salicace.e. 

(ii) Leafless trees with slender green jointed branchlets (often mistaken 

for leaves), usually deciduous, and with whorls of small adpressed shghtly con- 

nate scales at the nodes, the scales of adjacent nodes alternate; flov.'ers in 

spikes; perianth segments 1-2 amall ; stamen 1; ovary 1-lcculaa- 2-ovnled ; 

Beed 1, albumen :- CVU-Casuaeixace^:. 

9 



130 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

GYMNOSPERM^. 

(I) Leaves or scales undivioled, opposite, alternate, or in clusters on the 

branches :— , t , -i c 

(i) Perianth present in flowers of both sexes, or male membranous lobea, or 

female utricular; leaves large opposite on swollen-jointed branches; seed 

drupaceous:- CXI-Gnetace^. 

(ii) Perianth absent from flowers of both sexes ; leaves usually alternate 
or foscicled, and linear or subulate aud rigid, sometimes scale-like, rarely 
{Ginkcio, t'odocarpus, Agathis, Araucaria) broad; fruit usually a cone, rarely 
{Ginlcgo, Taxus, Podocarpu'i) SMhdrmpaoeoiis :— OXII— Conifers. 

(II) Leaves very large, pinnatisect or bipinnate, clustered (palm-like) at 
the apex of the stem ; perianth absent from the flowers of both sexes; male 
flowers in terminal cones formed of numerous fleshy peltate scales with crowded 
anthers below, females of flat carpellary leaves (carpophtjlls) crowded round the 
anex of the stem, or cones of peltate scales ; seed large drupaceous :— 

^ GXIII— Ctcadace^. 

MONOCOTYLEDOJSrES. 

(I) Perianth 2-seriate, segments of both series coroUine, or if only the inner 
series corolline then its segments much larger than those of the outer calycine 
series :— 

(i) Seeds very small, often minute, without albumen ; Ovary inferior 1- 
1 ocular with 3 parietal placentas : — 

(1) Outer segments corolline like the inner : — 

(a) Flowers irregular, usually markedly so, from the modification of a 
segment of the inner series as a lip (labellum) ; stamens and 
pistils confluent as a column bearing a single sessile or subsessile 
anther : epiphytes or climbers : — ... ... CXIV—ORCHiDACEyE. 

(ii) Seeds conspicuous with copious albumen : — 
(1) Ovary inferior : — 

(A) Flowers very irregular, outer series of perianth calycine ; perfect 

stamens either 1 with 5 reduced to staminodea, or 5 with one 
staminode ; seeds often with an aril : — 

GXV — SCITAMINACE^. 

(B) Flowers regular or only slightly irregular, both series of perianth 

segments corolline ; stamens 6, very rarely (AmartllidacEot;, 
sometimes) more numerous, or if 3 only then (AmakyllidacetE, 
sometimes) opposite the inner perianth segments, or if oisly the 
stamens opposite the outer perianth segments perfect (Diosco- 
BEACE/T,, some times) then the locules of the ovai-y only 
2-ovuled : — 

(2) Ovary 3-locular, or if l-locular (Amaryllidace.e, rarely), then the 

stamens not hooded : — 
(of) Flowers 1-sexual very small ; stamens 6, or if 3 these opposite 
the outer perianth segments; Stems scandent: — 

CXVI — DlOSCOREACE^. 

(j3) Flowers hermaphrodite, conspicuous or very large ; Stamens 6, 
rarely more, or if 3 these opposite the inner perianth segments ; 
ovary loculi many-(rarely 1 — 2) ovuled, embryo very small 
embedded in albumen ; stems not scandent : — 

CXVI — Amaeyllidace.^; 

(3) Ovary superior with einbryo completely enclosed within the 
albuirien or if ovary i inferior (Roxbdrghiace.*:, sometimes) then the perianth 
2-meroua and the ovary 1-locula.r ; flowers regular or only slightly irregular ; both 

riesof perianth presout, corolline, isomerous: — 

(A) Perianth segments 2-merous ; stamens 4; ovary l-locular: — 

GXVIII— RoxburghiacEj^. 

(B) Perianth segments 3-merou3 ; stamens 6 or S ; inflorescence 

various, axillary or terminal, but never a 1-leafed scape : — 

GXIX— LiLIACE-E. 

(II) Perianth if 2-Eeriate with the segments of both series calycine, or if those 
of the inner corolline then not larger than those of the outer series, or perianth 



KEY TO SOU-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 131 

MONOCOT TLEDONES— con*. 
l-8oriato and calycino, or roduced to bristles or wanting; ovary always 
Bnperior : — 

(i) Perianth ree;ularly 2-9eriate, segments of each series 3-meroas, caly- 
cine, rif^id or herliaceous ; ovary syncarpous with albnuiinous seeds ; fruit 
iudchiflccnt, embryo not enclosed within the albumen : — 

(1) Leaves long, simple, with numerous parallel veins ; embryo lenti- 
cular applied outside the albumen near the hilum ; climbing shrubs : — 

CXX — Flagellabiace*. 

(2) Leaves broadly-flabellate plicate or pinnatisect, rarely {Caryota) 
bipinnate ; embryo situated in a small pit near the periphery of the albumen ; 
flowers in pauicled or spiked spadices enclosed in 1 or more spathes ; trees, or 
erect or climbing shrubs : — ... ... .. ... ... ... CXXI — PalM/E. 

^3) Leaves flabellate-plioate, deeplj' cut into 2 — 5 divisions ; flowers 
disposed in squares an-angecl very close together in a spiral manner forming 
cylindrical spikes which when young are enclosed within 4 spathes, each square 
consisting of 4 males surrounding 1 female ; male flowers with a many lobed 
calyx and many stamens ; female with 4 sepals, 4 staminodes, a square ovary 
surmounted by a cross-like stigma, producing a square sided berry with many 
seeds: — ... ... ... ... ... ... .. ... CXXII — Cyclanthacej:. 

(ill Perianth reduced to bristles or scales, or : — 

(1) Inflorescence of many-or few-flowered spadices or spikes, flowers 
never being solitary and. placed in the axils of modified glumaceous bracts : — 

(A) Aquatic or marsh plants ; flowers in spadices which are not covered 

by a spathe or siiathaceous bracts, but are cylindric or globose, 
1-sexual, superposed, and naked or l-bracteate at base ; perianth 
of filiform bristles or membranous scales ; leaves elongated, linear, 
parallel-veined, unarmed : — ... ... ... CXXIY — -Typhace.-e. 

(B) Tenestial or epiphytic plants ; flowers in spadices usually subtended 

by a much modified spathe : — 

(a) Trees or erect or scandent shrubs ; flowers diascious ; perianth ; 

leaves ensiform, j arallel-veined, usually spinulose along the 
edges and midrib beneath ; spadices with spathaceous little 
modified bracts, fascicled or panicled ; seeds albuminous :^ 

CXXIII— PAXDANACE.t. 

(b) Epiphytic scandent plants ; flowers moncecioas in the same spadix, 

rarely hermaphrodite, very rarely dioecious ; perianth 0, or of 
imbricating scales ; leaves various, reticulately veined ; spadix 
simple, with or without an appendage (usually fusiform) 
projecting beyond the flowering portion, with usually a much 
modified and generally enveloping subtending spathe ; albumen 
present or : — .- ... CXXV — Auacej:. 

(2) InBorescence of hermaphrodite or 1-sexual flowers in spikelets with 
imbricating glumes ; perianth segments small, ecale-like, represented by a 2- 
nerved palea and 2 lodicules, or ; ovary l-!ocular, ovule 1 erect or ascending ; 
fruit a caryopsis with the seed-coac adhering to tlie pericarp, very rarely free 
within, embryo at the base of the albumen ; stems usually hollow except at the 
nodes ; leaves distichous (very rarely spiral), sheaths almost always lignlate 
behind, and split in front : — CXXVI — GKASiiXACE.f:. 

PTERIDOPHYTA. 

(I) Leaves large in proportion to the stem, the fertile one.s, not confined to a 
particular region, bearing sporangia (spore vessels) on their lower surfaces : — 

(i) Sporangia with a ring : — 

(1) Ring equatorial, encircling the sporangium transversely : — 

CXXVII— GLEICHEX1ACE.E. 

(2) Bing equatorial, encircling the sporangium vertically : — 

CXX VIII— PoLYrODlACB-^. 

(3) Ring opercular, cro^\Tiing the sporangium : — ... CXXIX — ScHiz.EACE.i:. 

(ii) Sporangia without a ring, opening down one side, marginal or dorsal : — 

CXXX — Marattiacej^. 

(II) Leaves small in proportion to the stem, not whorled, the fertile ones 

with sporangia axillary ; spox'angia uniform : — ... ... CXXXI — LvcopODiACEa;. 

9-A 



132 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

KEY TO GEFERA. 
I— RANUNCULACEyE— 

I. Climbers ; leaves opposite ; sepals petaloid ; carpels 1-ovuled, pendnlons ; fruic 
a head of apocav])ong achenes, often feathery long styled : — 

(i) Petals : — i — Clematis. 

(ii) Petals many linear : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ii — Naravelia. 

Il^DILLENIACG^— 

{Anatomical features. — Hairs uever glandular, always one celled, sometimes 
stellate, and surface of leaves often rough due frequently to short thick walled hairs, 
or to siliceous concretions in \the epidermis, or to sacs filled with raphides protruding 
above the surface. Medullary rays in the wood are very broad, hence on radial 
section the remarkably mottled appearance of the wood. Wood fibres have always 
bordered pits.] 

\_Botanical note. — Genus LXXVI — Sauratija is sometimes, perhaps more correctly, 
included in this order ; the leaves have the general appearance thereof. J 

I. Stamen filaments thickened upwards, anthers short, cells remote oblique ; 
climbers : — 

(i) Carpel solitary : — ... ... ... ... ... ... iii — Delima. 

(ii) Carpels 2 — 5: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... iv — Tetracera. 

II, Stamen filaments not thickened upwards, anthers with parallel cells ; 
Trees : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... v — Dillenia. 

Ill— MAGNOLIACE.^— 

[Anatomical features, — Sacs containing resin in the parenchyma of the leaves, 
often visible as transparent dots ; wood fibres with bordered pits (one foreign 
species consisting entirely of such pits) without vessels, resembling the wood of 
Conifer^.] 

I. Stipules conspicuous, convolute and sheathing the young foliage, deci- 
duous ; carpels in many whorls on elongate axis : — 

(i) Gynophore sessile, carpels of fruit indehiscent and deciduous:— 

(1) Sepals deflexed ; leaves truncate at apex : — ... ... vi — Liriodendron. 

(2) Sepals erect ; leaves not truncate at apex: — ... ... viii — Talauma. 

(ii) Gynophore sessile, carpels of fruit dehiscent : — ... ix — Magnolia, 

(iii) Gynophore stalked, carpels of fruit dehiscent : — ... x — Michelia. 

IT. Stipules O:— 

(i) Carpels in one whorl ; aromatic evergreen tree : — ... vii — Illicinm. 

(ii) Carpels capitate; climbers: — ... ... ... ... xi — Kadsura. 

IV— ANON AC E^— 

[Anatomical features. — Spherical or lenticular cells containing resin in the paren- 
chyma of the leaves, often visible as pellucid dots. On the transverse section the 
timber of all Buecies shows numerous fine transverse bars at right angles to the 
medullary rays, consisting of wood parenchyma; hairs, when present 1-celled or few- 
celled, stellate in some genera.] 

[Bitanica.1 note. — This order is very closely allied to Myristicack.e, which are 
properly speaking merely apetalous Anonace.b.] 

I. Piipe carpels distinct, indehiscent, mostly stalked : — 
(i) Outer 3 petals small, similar to sepals : — 

(1) Ovules 6 or more ; inner petals always saccate at the base : — 

XXV — Saccopetalnm. 

(2) Ovules 1 — 2 ; inner petals mostly thin, flat : — 

(A) Stamens few or many, connective acute : — ... ... xxiv — Miliusa. 

{B) Stamens always many, connective broad : — ... ... xix — Phoeanthns. 

(ii) Petals uniform in shape and texture ; flowers globose or campanuate : — 

(1) Petals imbricate in bud ; ovules 6 — 12 : — ,,, ... xxviii — Sagerasa. 

(2) Petals valvate in hud ; ovules 1 — 2:— ... ... xviii — Popowia. 

(iii) Petals uniform, erect or spreading ; ripe carpels numerous : — 

(1) Petals valvate in bud: — 



KEY To SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 133 

IV— ANONACEyE-con«. 

(A) Ovules 1 — 2; ripe carpels 1 -seeded: — .. ... xvii--Polyalthia. 

(B) Ovules 2-8 ; l-aeriatc ; ripo carpels constricted between the 

secda : — xvi — Unona. 

(C) Ovules many, 2- seriate ; connective lanceolate : — ... xv — Canangium. 
(2) Petals imbricate in bud ; ovules many, 2-8eriate ; connective 

obtuse: — xii — Uvaria. 

(iv) Petals uniform, erect or spreading ; ripo carpels 1 — 6, few seeded : — 

xxvi — Alphonsea. 
(v) Petals all, or inner only, connivent, closing over stamens and ovaries : — 
(1) Inner petals dissimilar, generally smaller, conniving over stamens and 
ovaries, the blades cohering by their edges : — 

(A) Inner petals narrowed into a linear claw ; stamens 6 — 12, anther 

cells contiguous : — ' ... ... xxviii — Orophea. 

(B) Inner petals not narrowed into a linear claw ; stamens many, 

connective broad : — xxi — Mitrephora. 

(C) Inner petals not narrowed into a linear c'aw : — 

XX — Goniothalamus. 
(2) Petals subequal, similar in shape, all, or inner only, with concave 
base : — 

(A) Ovaiy 1, ovules many ; calyx truncate, cup shaped : — 

xiii — Cyathocalyx. 

(B) Ovaries 2 or more, ovules 2 to many ; sepals free ; petals narrow 

linear from concave base : — ... ... ... ... xxiii— Xyiopia. 

(C) Ovaries 2 or more, ovules 2 ; sepals free ; petals flat from concave 

base; flowers on hooked woody peduncles : — ... xiv — Artabotrys. 
II. Carpels united into a largo fleshy fruit : — ... xxiv — Anona. 

V— MENISPERMACB^— 

[Anatomical features. — Th^ wood of all species has broad medullary rays alternat. 
ing with broad wedges of wood, and as a rule very large vessels. Many species have 
concentric bands of bast (phloem) m the wood. These bauds of bast h;ive been called 
concentric ; frequently, how ever, they are partial, alternating masses of wood and bast 
oecupying portions only of the circumference.] 

(I) Ovaries 3, style scar terminal; sepals 6: — 

(i) Stameus united into a column with anthers on top ; flowers in dichoto- 
mous cyraes :— ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... xxix — Parabsena. 

(li) Stamens with distinct filaments j flowers in racemes or panicles : — 

XXX — Tinospora, 

(II ) Ovaries 3 or more, style scar basal or ventral ; staminal filaments 
distinct ; sepals 6 ; leaves usually not peltate : — 

(i) Seed globose, albuminous ; petals ; flowers panicled : — 

xxxi — Anamirta. 
(ii) Seed horse-shoe shaped, albuminous : — 

(1) Petals 3 ; ovaries 3 — fi ; flowers in globose heads : — 

xxxii — Cosoinium. 

(2) Petals 6, minute, cuneate ; ovaries 3 — 12, style subulate ; flowers 
panicled: — ... ... ... xxxiii — Tiliacora. 

(3) Petals 6, usually auricled ; ovaries 3 — 6, style subulate ; flowers 
panicled: — = xxxv— Cocculus. 

(4) Petals 6 ; ovaries 3, style 3-partite with reflexed segments ; flowers 
panicled: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... xxxviii — Jateorhiza. 

(5) Petals 5-8 ; ovaries 3, style compressed ; flowers in panicles : — 

xxxiv — Limacia. 
(iii) Seed horse-shoe shaped, exalbuminous ; petals 6 ; styles stout hori- 
zontal ; flowers racemed : — ... ... ... ... ... ... xl — Pachygone. 

(III) Ovary 1, style scar basal ; leaves generally peltate : — 

(i) Sepals, male 6 — 10, female 3 — 5 ; petals 3 — 5 free ; flowers in axillary 
cymose umbels : — ... ... ... ... -.. ... ..- xxxvi — Stephauia. 

(ii) Sepals, male 4 free, female 1 ; petals, male 4 connate, female 1 ; 
flowers, female in leafy bracteate racemes, male in cymes : — xxxvii — Ciasampelos. 

(iii) Sepals, male 4 connate, female 1 ; petals, male 4 connate, female 1 j 
flowers in axillary panicles : — xxxix — Cyclea. 



134 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

VI— BEEBERIDACEiE— 

(I) Sepals 6 with several rows of scales outside ; petals 6, white, eglan- 

dular : — ... ... •.- ... ... ... ... ... .. ... xli — Nandina. 

(II) Sepals 6 with 2 — 3 bracts in 2 rows outside ; petals 6, yellow, with 2 

basal glands : — ... ... ... ... ... ... xlii — Berberis. 

VII— CAPPARIDACE^— 

[Anatomical featur PS. — In species of Ma^rua and Cad aba, the wood is interrupted 
by concentric bands of bast (phloem).] 

(I) Calyx tube lined by disk, lobes valvate : — 

(i) Leaves 3 — 5-foliate (digitate) with setaceous stipules ; petals O ; berry 
ovoid: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... xliii — Niebuhria. 

(ii) Leaves simple ; petals 4; beri-y moniliform : — ... ... xliv — Ma^rua. 

(II) Sf^pals 4, open in bud ; stamens many ; berry glohose or ovoid, stalked ; 
leaves 3-foliate : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... xlv — Cratseva. 

(III) Sepals 4, imbricate (or outer only valvate) : — 

(i) Stamens 4 — 6, inserted high on gynophore ; berry cylindric ; leaves 
simple or 3-foliate : — ... ... ... ,.. ... ... ... ... xlvi — Cadaba. 

(ii) Stamens many, inserted at base of gynophore ; berry globose or 
ovoid ; leaves simple, usually with stipnlary thorns : — ... ... xlvii — Cappiris. 

VIII— VIOLACE.E - 

(I) Petals, sepals, stamens 5 ; capsule 3-valved ; leaves !^imple with distinct 
parallel tertiary nerves and rigid stipules : — .. ... ... ... xlviii — Alsodeia. 

IX— CISTACEJ5— 

(I) Sepals 5 ; petals 5 ; stamens m.any ; capsule imperfectly 5 — 10-celled :— 

xlix — Cistus. 

(II) Sepals 3 — 4 ; petals 5 ; stamens many ; capsule iiuperfeclly 3-celled : — 

1 — Helianthemum. 
X-BIXACE^— 

(I) Flowers bisexual ; petals 4 — 6: — 

(i) Leaves palmately lobed and oostate ; flowers very large, golden : — 

Ii — Coohlos permum . 
(ii) Leaves entire ; flowers large, pink ; petals 5, contorted in bud : — 

lii — Bixa. 
(iii) Leaves subcrenate ; flowers small, greenish ; petals 4 — 6, sepaloid, 
imbricate in bud : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... liii — Scolopia, 

(II) Flowers as a rule dioecious, petals : — 

(i) Ovary 2 — 6-celled : — ... ... ... ... ... ... liv — Flacourtia. 

(ii) Ovary 1-oelled, 2 — 4-ovuled : — ... ... ... ... ... Iv — Xylosma. 

(iii) Ovary 1-celled, 1-ovuled : — ... ... ... Ivi — Xyraalos. 

(III) Flowers dioecious ; petals with a scale, or flat downy gland, at base: — 

(i) Sepals connate ; staminal likments free, rnmny : — ... Ivii — Gynocardia. 

(ii) Sepals free, 5 ; petals 5 ; stamens 15 : — ... ... Iviii — Hydnocarpus. 

(iii) Sepals imbricate, 4; petals 12 — 16 ; stamens 60 — 70:— lix — Asteriastigma. 

XI— PITTOSPORACE^— 

(I) Fruit a berry, oblong, \vitli seeds embedded in puljj ; petals spreading 
from the base ; anthers linear or longer than the filaments; leaves narrow; 
twining shrubs: — ... •-. ... ... ... . ,.. ... Ixi— Sollya, 

(II) Fruit a dehiscent capsule ; anthers ovate or oblong : — 

(i) Shrubs, often prickly ; petals small, spreading from base ; capsule 
thin, small, flat, seeds 1 — 2 in each cell, flat, vertical: — ... ... Ix — Bursaria. 

(ii) Trees or erec^ shrubs, aromatic; petals erect at base; capsule thick 
or coriaceous, seeds mauy : — 

(1) S< eds thick, not winged, imbedded in red pulp ; flowers usually 
BmaU:~~ ••• ••• ■•■ ••■ ••• ••• ••• ■•• l^'iii — Piitosfjorum. 

(2) Seeds Hat, horizontal, winged; flowers large, yellow: — 

Ixii — H,\mouosporum, 
XII— POLYGALACE^E— 

(I) Sepals Ci, two interior larger and winglike ; petals 3, keel crested ; 
stamens 8; capsule loculicidal, 2-valved, 2-seeded :-- ... ... Ixiv — Polygala. 

(II) Sci alb 5, eubequal; petals 4 — 5, keel not crested; stamens S; fruit 
indehiscent, 1-Beeded ; — Ixv — Xanthophyllum. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, OKOEKS AND GEXEKA. 135 

XIII— TAMAlilSCACE^— 

(I) Loaves scale-like ; flowers jiiuk or white; petals and sepals 5 ; stamcos 
5 or 10 ; styles 3; capoalo 3-valved, seeds plamed: — .. ... Ixvi — Taaiarix. 

XIV— HYPERICACE^E— 

(I) Loaves opposite, gland dotted; flowers yellow ; petals and sepals 5; 
stamens many, 3-or 5-adalphou8 ; capsule si^pticidal : — ... l.vvii — Hypericnm. 

[Anatomical features. — Eesin canals and cavities in the leaves, pith, 'and bark. 
Transverse bars of wood parenchyma between the medullary rays.] 

(I) Ovary 2 — 12-ceUed, stigma peltate, sessile or snbsessile ;embryo a homo- 
genous fleshy mass : — 

(i) CaJyx of 4 — 5 sepals ; ovary cells 1-ovnled : — l.xviii — Garcinia. 

(ii) Calyx closed in bud, bursting into 2 valves ; ovary cells 2.ovnl<:;d : — 

Ixix — Ochrocarpas. 

(II) Ovary 1 — 2 celled, cells 1—4 ovuled, styles 1 — 2 slender; embryo of 2 
fleshy cotyledons, sometimes consolidated : — 

(i) Secondary nerves many, close, conspicuous ; style I, stigma peltate : — 

Ixx — (JalophyUum. 
(ii) Secondary nerves iriany, joined by transverse veins ; styles 2, stigma 
minute: — ... ... ... .. ... ... ... Ixxiii — Poeraloneuron. 

(iii) Secondary ner'-es many, close, but in^listincfc ; stigma peltate : — xxii — Mesna. 
(iv) Secondary nai'ves distant, inconspicuous ; stigma 4-tid. : — ixxi — Kayea. 

XVI— TEHNSTKCEMIACE^-- 

[Botanical note — Sacbauja is sometimes placed in Dilleniaceae (q.v.).] 

(I) Pednncles 1-flowered; anthers basifised ; fruit a berry, embryo 
curved : — 

(i) Flowers bisexual; stamens many: — ... ... Lxxiv — Ternstrcemia. 

(ii) Flowers dioecious ; stamens 15 or lees : — ... ... Ixxv — Enrya. 

(II) Peduncles 1-flowersd; anthers versatile; fruit a dehiscent capsule, 
embryo straight : — 

(i) Seeds winged: — ... Ixxvii — Gordonia. 

(ii) Seeds wingless :— Ixx viii— Camellia. 

(III) blowers in panicles or fascicled cymes; anthers veisatile; fruit 
baccate, embryo straight in copious albumen : — .. ... Isxvi— Sauranja. 

XVII-ANCISTROCLADACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v., in the Synopsis): — ... Ixxix— Ancistrocladus. 

XVIII— DIPTEROCARPACE^— 

lAnatomical jeatures. — Resin ducts are found in the pith of the young stem and 
branches, in the pith of all vascular bimdles, in the petiole, midrib, nerves and veins of 
leaves, as well as of those bundles which run through the bark- I'he walls of these 
ducts are lined by a stratum of thin-walled secreti'jg cells. In many species similar 
ducts are also found in the wood. They contain an essential oil, known as Wood 
Oil in the case of Dijiterocarpus. Exposed to the air, outside or in cavities of the trunk, 
these essential oils are transformed into resin. Cortical leaf traces — Some distance 
below the node the leaf traces separate from the central cylinder and run through the 
bark before they enter the petiole. There are generally three leaf traces, one apical, 
two lateral, all consisting of a vascular bundle with one or several resiu ducts in the pith. 
In some cases these traces jun in the bark through an entire internode. Structure of 
petiole — The three vascular bundles, which enter the petiole, forming its central 
cyUiider, remain distinct in rare cases. As a rule they ramify and coalesce forming at 
the base of the petiole an intricate mass of xyieni and phloem with a number of 
resin ducts, and in most species the internal structure of the petiole changes in its 
progre'ts from the base to the blade. For systematic purposes it is convenient to 
examine the petiole immediately below the base of the blade. At this point we 
frequently find a semi-circle of vascular bundles, more or less united, each with its 
resin duct, and inside this semicircle one or several vascular bundles with or without 
resin ducts. Structure of wood — Vessels moderate sized, often in groups, enclosed in a 
nanow white ring consisting of wood parenchyma. Medullary rays fine and moderately 



136 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES^ ORDERS AND GENERA. 

I 

XVIII— DIPTEROCARPACEiE—cont. 

broad, generally equidistant, the horizontal cells of these in many cases very long 
3 mm. in Dipferocarpus alatus. The longitudinal cells, as well as the resin dacts 
in the younger wood, are filled with essential oil. Many species have a distinct dark- 
coloured heartwood. Resin ducts, vessels, fissures and other cavities in the old wood 
are filled with resin. Biological features — As a rule large trees, with tall regularly 
shaped trunks. With few exceptions they do not bear flowers and seed until they 
have attained a considerable age. As a rule they seed annually, though the quantity 
of seed produced varies from year to year. The seed germinates soon after ripening, 
in some cases before it falls to the ground. Several species are gregarious and form 
forests of considerable extent, in which they prevail over their companions.] [Botanical 
note. — Ancistrocladus. shown by Hooker in this order, is now classed in a distinct 
order. Balanocarpus is not entered in Hooker ; but, under Hopea, is entered Hopea 
longifolia, which is really Balanocarpus utilis. \ 

(I) Calyx tube free, enclosing fruit, 2 lobes expanding into long wings ; 
stipules large, amplexicaul ; stamens many ; style filiform : — 

Ixxx — Dipterocarpus. 

(II) Calyx valvate in bud, with equal spreading segments accrescent, but 
not expanding into wings, in fruit ; stipules small, fugacious ; stamens 15, 
anthers short, oval, appendix of connective short obtuse ; no stylopodinra (fleshy 
prolongation of the ovary) : — ... ., ... .. ... ... Ixxxi — V'atica, 

(III) Calyx imbricate in bud, 2 — 3 outer segments accrescent, and 
forming in fruit long wings ; connective usually awned : — 

(i) Wings of calyx 2 ; stamens 15 (rearely 10), appendix of connective 
long, pointed j stylopodium as a rule large : — ... ... ... ... Ixxxiii — Hopea. 

(ii) Wings of calyx 3; stamens 15 or many, appendix as a rule long, 
pointed: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ..., ... ... Ixxxii — Shorea. 

(IV) Calyx imbricate in bud, accrescent but not into long wings : — 

(i) Lobes of fruiting calyx equal, reflexed, and shorter than fruit ; stamens 
many, anthers linear-obiong with 1 — 2 appendages : — ... ... Ixxxiv — Vateria. 

(ii) Lobes of fruiting calyx slightly and evenly enlarged, thick, sometimes 
woody ; stamens 10 — 15, appendage of connective long, pointed ; stylopodium 
generally distinct : — Ixxxv — Balanocarpus. 

XJX— MALVACEiE— 

[Botanical note. — Brandis places Kydia in section (III) below with Cullenia, Hooker 
and Prain place it in section (I) as shown here.] 

(I) Staminal tube truncate, or only slightly divided at the apex ; sepals leafy ; 
leaves simple, entire or lobed : — 

(i) Ripe carpels separating from the axis as dehiscent or indehiscent 
cocci : — 

(1) Styles as many as carpels : — 

(A) Bracteoles 3 — 6 ; flowers racemose, pale jjurple red : — ...Ixxxvi — Lavatera. 

(B) Bracteoles O ; carpels 1-seeded ; ovules solitary pendulous ; fore- 

noon-to-noon flowering plants with small leaves and flowers : — ■ 

Ixxxviii — Sida. 

(C) Bracteoles 0; carpels 1-or more-seeded; ovules 2 or more; after- 

noon or evening flowering plants with rather laxge leaves and 
medium flowers :— Isxxix — Abutilon. 

(2) Styles twice as many as carpels, which are 1-seeded : — 

(A) Carpels opposite the sepals, dehiscent after separating ; bracteoles 

10: — ... ... ... ... ... ... xci — Pavonia. 

(B) Carpels opposite the petals, indehiscent after separating; bracte- 

oles 5, connate : — ... ... ... ... ... .„ xc — Urena. 

(ii) Ripe carpels forming a normal capsule : — 

(1) Stigmas spreading; seeds reniform: — 

(A) Ovary 10-celled, 1 ovule in each cell : — ... ... xcii — Decaschistia. 

(B) Ovary 5- (or spuriously 10-) celled, 3-or more ovules in each cell ; 

flowers axiUary :— „ xciii— Hibiscus. 

(C) Ovary 3-celled, 2 ovules in each cell; flowers paniolcd : — 

xcvi — Kydia. 

(2) Style club-shaped with radiating stigma ; ovary 5-celled : — 

Ixxx vii — Lag aoaria. 



KKY TO SDB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 137 

XIX— MALVACE^— con«. 

(H) Sti<j;ina8 cohoront in a club-Bhaped raiisa : — 

(A) UractooloB 3—5, small ; socnls not cottony : — ... ... xciv — Thcspesia. 

(11) Hracteoles 3, liir'j;o ; seeds cor,tony : — ... xcv — Gossypium. 

(U) Stainiual tube short, divided into tilumcnts; calyx leathery; leaves 
digitatoly compound : — 

(i) Stamens many ; fruit woody, indehisoont, filled with mealy pulp : — 

xcvii — Adansonia. 
(ii) Stamens many ; fruit a 5-vaIved capsule, filled with silky wool : — 

xcviii — Borabax. 
(iii) Stamens 5 ; fruit a 5-valved capsule, filled with silky wool: — 

xcix — Eriodendron. 

(III) Staminal tube divided into 5 antheriferous segments ; leaves simple, 
peuninerved, scaly backed : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... c — Cullenia. 

(IV) Stamina) tube divided into nurnorouB antheriferous segments ; leaves 
simple, ponninerved, ficalj' backed : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ci — Durio. 

XX— STERCULIACE.^— 

(I) Flowers l-sexnal or polygamous : — 

(i) Anthers 5 — 25 ; fruit carpels dehiscent forming 1 — 5 apocarpous fol- 
licles: — 

(1) Flowers in axillary or terminal panicles ; anthers capitate : — 

cit — Sterculia. 

(2) Flowers in axillary clusters ; anthers verticillate in a single row : — 

ciii — Cola, 
(ii) Anthers 5 ; fruit carpels woody and indehiscent : — ... civ — Heritiera. 

(II) Flowers bisexual ; fruit capsular, seeds winged ; flowers axillary sobt- 

ary : — ... ... ... •■ ... ... --. ■.. ••• cvii — Pterospermum. 

(III) Flowers bisexual; seeds not winged, or if {Melochia, 1 species) winged, 
these flowers iu umbellate corymbs ; leaves jDalmately lobed or angled : — 

(\) Capsule very small, hairy: — ... ... ... ... ... cix— Dombeya. 

(ii) Capsule ovoid, woody or coriaceous : — ... ... ... cvii — Eriolsena. 

(iii) Capsule cylindric, coriaceous, hairy, with twisted carpels : — 

cvi — Helictercs. 
(iv) Capsule turbinate, membranous: — ... ... ... ... cxiv — Abroma. 

(IV) Flowers bisexual ; seeds not winged ; leaves not lobed nor angled : — 

(i) Fruit baccate, indehiscent, subpuntagonally ovoid, with subligneous 
rind tilled witii pulp, 5-celled, 10 — 20 seeds in each cell; leaves oblong ; flowers 
in clusters on old branches and stems ; sepals 5, rosy ; petals 5, creamy, hooded 
with a spathulcid appendage ; stamens 5 with 5 staminodos : — ... cxiii — Theobroma. 

(ii) Fruit a capsule ; trees : — 

(1) Capsule membranous, inflated ; leaves broad ovate-cordate ; 
flowers pink in lax axillary cymes : — • ... ... ... ... ... cv — Kleinhovia. 

(2) Capsule oblong, woody, tubercled ; leaves obliquely ovate-oblong ; 
flowers yellow in axillary cymes : — ... ... ... ... ... cxv — Guazuma. 

(3) Capsule obovoid, verrucose ; leaves elliptic-oblong ; flowers in 
axillary foscicles : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cxvi — Leptonychia. 

(iii) Fruit a capsule; mostly shrubs : — 

(1) Capsule 5-valved ; flowers solitary axillary: — ... ox — Melhania. 

(2) Capsule o-valved (seeds in 1 species winged) ; flowers small clus- 
tered or in umbellate corymbs : — ... ... ... ... ... cxi — Melochia, 

(.3) Capsule 2-valved ; flowers small, clustered : — ... cxii — Waltheria. 

XXI— TILIACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — Sacs containing mucilage — wanting in Elxocarpus — 
in pith, bark and leaf parenchyma.] 

(I) Flower pedicels with a foliaceous, partly adnate, bract: — cxvii — Tilia. 

(II) Flower pedicels without foliaoeous adnate bract :— 

(i) Sepals connate into a campannlate calyx, irregularly 3 — 5-lobed : — 

cxviii — Bex-rya. 
(ii) Sepals free ; petals as a rule with a thickened or glandular claw :— 

(1) Fruit a drupe with several pyrenes : — cxix — Grewia. 



138 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES-, ORDEES AND GENEEA. 

XXI— TILIACE^— coni. 

(2) Fruit prickly, woody, triquetrous and slightly winged, l-seedei ; 
tree: — ... ... ... ... ... ••• ... ■•• ••• cxx — Erinocarpus. 

(3) Fruit prickly, small, globose, indeliiscent or 3 — o-coccous ; shrubs : — 

cxsi — Triumfetta. 
(iii) — Sepals free ; petals not clawed : — 

(1) Fruit a cvlmdric capsule ; shrub : — ... ... exxii — Corchorus. 

(2) Fruit a fleshy drupe with 1 stone, 1 or more seeded ; trees : — 

cxxiii — Elseo carpus. 

XXII— LINAGES— 

(I) Stamens 5, staminodes 5 ; fruit a capsule : — ... ... cxxiv — Eeinwardtia. 

(II) Stamens 10 ; fruit a drupe : — 

(i) Drupe globose, j^ellow, many seeded ; branches with circinate ten- 
drils : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... •■ cxxv — Hugonia. 

(ii) Drupe elongated, red, 1-seeded ; branches not tendrilled : — 

cxxvi — Erythroxylon. 

XXIII— malpighiace^— 

(I) Petals clawed, unequal : — 

(i) Fruit fleshy, drupaceous, with 3-crested stones; cal3xwith some 
segments :i-glandnlar at base ; stamens 10 fertile ; styles 3 :— - ... cxxvii — Malpighia. 
(ii) Fruit of 1 — ^3 samaras : — 

(1) Stamens 10 fertile, salyx with glands adnate to pedicel below it: — 

(A) Samaras each terminated by 3 long wings ; petals 4 white 

and 1 longer coloured ; style 1: — ... ... cxxviii — Hiptage. 

(B) Samaras each simply winged terminally; petals 5, yellow; 

styles 3, stigma often foliaceous : — cxsix — Heteropteris. 

(2) Stamens 6 fertile, 4 staminodes opposite the calyx glands, calyx 
with 4 outer segments 2-glandular at base ; styles 3, stigmas foliaceous : — 

cxxx — Stigmaphyllon. 

(II) Petals sessile, equal ; fruit of 3 nuts, each surrounded by an orbicular 
or oblong membranous wing ; stamens 10 ; styles 3 with capitate stigmas: — 

cxxxi — Aspidopterys. 
XXIV— Z YGOPH y LLAC E.^— 

l_Botanical Note. — Peganum is sometimes placed in Order XXVI — rutace^ as in 
Hooker, who however reoommends its transference to this Order,] 

(I) Leaves paripinnate ; flowers bright blue; capsule 5-angled ; tree: — 

cxxxii — Guaiacum. 

(II) Leaves 1 — 3 foliate; flowers mauve or pale rose; capsule 5-angled; 
thorny shrub :— _ cxxxiii— Fagonia. 

(ill) Leaves pinnatifid with narrow linear lobes ; flowers white , capsule 
globose; unarmed shruD : — ... .. cxxxiv — Peganum. 

XXV— GERANIAOEJE- 

(I) Leaves compound, pinnate , flowers regular , sepals imbricate ; fruit 

a beny : — ... '•.. • ••. •■ ••• ■•• ■• cxxxv — Averrhoa. 

(II) Leaves simple, flowersirregular, sepals usually coloured and the posti- 
cous spuned ; fruit a capsule : — cxxxvi—Impatiens 

XX VI~RUT AO E^ — 

\_Anatomicul features. — Cavities containing essential oil in the tissue of leaves, 
flowers and fruit, as well as in the bark, are an important characteristic of this 
order, separating it from meliace.e and other allied orders. The ethereal oils, 
secreted in these cavities from the surrounding tissue, cause the aromatic scent of 
the RUXACE.E J in most cases they can readily be seen as translucent glands.] 

[Botanical ?iofe.— Genus oxciv—Chloroxylon is sometimes placed in this (Jrdor.J 

(I) Leaves opposite, simple or 1-foliate , unarmed : — 

(i) Stamens 5 aiternatmg with 5 petaloid staminodes ; calyx 5-parted, 
petals narrow, spreading ; capsule winged, of 5 follicles each with 2 seeds : — 

cxxxviii — Calodendron. 



KEY 10 SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 139 

XXVI— RUTACE^— conf. 

(ii) Stamens 8 ; capsule of 4 follicles, each (Ijy abortion) 1 seeded : — 
(^1) Leaves dowuy ; calyx cup-shapod, subeutire ; corolla of 4 
petals unittul in a tube : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cxli — Correa. 

(2) Leaves glabrous ; calyx 4-lobed^r parted ; petals 4, sessile, spread- 
ing : — oxliv — Melicope. 

(II) Leaves ojipofiite. 3-foliatc or pinnate; unarmed : — 

(i) Leaves with 3 — 5 rigid IcaHets ; calyx 4.cleft, persistent ; petals 4, 
pcrsiHtont; Stamens 4 with 4 stamiuodes ; capsule 4f-celled, seeda few in each 
cell, flattened: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cxxix— Boronia. 

(ii) Leaves .3-foliate ; sepals 5, two outer much larger ; corolla salver- 
shaped with oblique o-pnrted limb ; stamens 2 fertile with 3 staminodus pro- 
jecting from the tube ; capsule of o-carpels, each i-seoded : — ... ... cxl — Ravenia. 

(iii) Leaves with 3 — 11 leaflets ; sepals 4 — 5 ; petals 4—5, sessile j stamens 
4 — 5 ; capsule of 4 coriaceous l-seeded cocei : — .. ... ... ... cxliii — Evodia. 

(III) Leaves alternate ; unarmed: — 
(i) Leaves 1 — foliate: — 

(i) Stamens 10, hairy; capsule of 5 olliclcs,3oach 1-secded ; petals 5, 
marcescent : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. cxlii — Eriostemnn. 

(2) Stamens 8 ; fruit a dupe ; flowers 4-iuoroa8, polygamous : — 

cxlvii — Acronychia. 
(ii) Leaves imparipinnate ; fruit a berry : — 

(1) Style short, Jjersistent ; berry white globose : — • ... cxlviii — jlycosmi.s. 

(2) Style deciduous ; ovary 2-celled; berry oblong or ovoid: — ol — Murraya. 

(3) Style deciduous; ovary 4 — 5 celled; berry oblong or ovoid ; stamens 

10, filaments subulate : — ... ... ... ... .. .. cxlix — -Micromelum. 

(4) Style deciduous; ovary 4 — 5 celled ; berry oblong, ovoid, or globose ; 
stamens 8 — 10, filaments tapering upwards from broadenedjbase : — ... oli — Clausena, 

(17) Leaves alternate ; usually armed : — 

(i) Fruit capsular of 4 — 5 coriaceous follicles ; leaves 3-foliate or imparipin- 
nate, pe'tiole often winged ; flowers often 1 sexual ; stamens 3 — 8 : — 

(ii) Fruit a berry ; leaves 3-foliate or imparipinnate : — 
(1) Ovules 1—2 in each cell: — • 

(A) Leaves digitately trifoliatt^ j flowers 1-sexual ; sarmentose shrub: — 

cxlvi — Toddalia. 

(B) Leaves 3-foliate, leaflets crenate, petiole not winged ; flowers 2-sexnal, 

3-merouB, stamens 6 ; shrub; — ... ... ... clii — Triphasia, 

(C) Leaves 3-foliate, petiole not winged ; flowers 2-8exual 4 — 5 merous ; 

stamens 8 ; climbers : — ... ... ... ... cliv — Luvunga. 

(D) Leaves 3 — 7 foliate, petiole winged ; fliwers 2-sexual ; trees : — 

cliii — Limonia. 
(2) Ovules numerous in each cell : — 

(A) Leaves imparipinnate ; petiole winged : — ... ... clviii— Feronia. 

(B) Leaves 3-foliate, petiole not winged : — ... ... ... clis — ^gle. 

(iii) Frait a berry ; leaves 1-foliate : — 

(1) Ovules i — 'J, in each cell : — 

(A) Erc'Ct ; flowers in racemes or corymbs : — ... ... clvi — Atalantia. 

(B) Scandent ; flowers solitary or fascicled : — ... ...civ — Paramignya. 

(2) Ovules many in each cell : — civii — Citrus. 

XXVII— SIM AEUBE AC E^— 

[^Botanical Note. — Balanites is sometimes placed in Order XXIV — Zygophyllace.e.] 

(I) Leaves imparipinnate :— - 

(i) Petiole winged and jointed; fruit 5 fleehy drupes; flowers 2 sexual, 
5-merous. red, in terminal clusters : — ... ... ... ... ... clx — Quassia. 

(ii) Petiole not winged ; fruit of 4 fleshy drupes ; flowers polygamous, 
minute, purple, in racemiform clustars :-^ ... clxiii — Brucea. 

(iii) Petiole not winged ; fruit of 1 ■ -5 samaras, each l-seeded ; flowers 
polygamous, small, greenish yellow, panicled : — ... clxi — Ailanthus- 

(II) Leaves 2-foliate ; spinous ; fruit a large berry with bony endocarp ; flowers 
2-8exual, greenish, in lateral racemes or fascicles : — ... ... clxvi — Balanites, 

(III) Leaves simple, entire; littoral species: — 



140 KEY TO SDB-CLA8SES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XXVir—SIMAEUBEACE^— cont. 

(i) Leaves long, elliptic-oblong, coriaceous, shining ; fruit of 1 — 5 large, 
compressed, dry, coriaceous, keeled, l-seeded drupes ; flowers 2.sexual orange, 
umbeUed : — ... ... ... ... ... ... clxii — Samadera. 

(ii) Leaveis very short, lioear-spithnlate, velvetty ; fruit; of 1 — 5 indehiscent 
carpels covered by the persistent calyx j flowers 2sexua], yrllow, raceme d : — 

clxv — Snriana. 
XX Vin— OCHNACEiE— 

(1) Leaves simple serrate ; flowers yellow or orange in umbels or panicles ; 
fruit 3 — 10 drupes sessile upon a large disk : — 

(i) Stamens many : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... clxvii — Ochna. 

(ii) Stamens 10 : — ... ... ... ... ... clxviii — Gomphia. 

XXIX -15URSERACEJi:— 

\_Anatomical features. — Eesin canals in the bast (phloem), in some species also in the 
pith.] 

I Bota^iical Note. — Bolsamodeniron includes Protium in accordance with Thwaites ; 
Engler unites the two genera under the name Commiphora. Filicium is transferred 
by Brandis, following Radlkofer, to Order XXXVIII — Sapindace.e ; its position there 
has been shown in the key.] 

(I) Balsamic; rachis of leaves not winged : — ... ... ... clxix— Boswellia, 

(i) Fruit a dehiscent capsule, 3-valved :- • 

(ii) Fruit an indehiscent drupe : — 

(1) Calvx 4 — 6-toothed or lobed; drupe srloboee : — 

(A) Calyx campanulate 10-ribbed, 5-cleft, lined by thin crenate disk : — 

clxxi — Garuga, 

(B) Calyx 4 — 6-toothed, disk lining its base : — ... clxxi — Balsamodendron, 

(C) Calyx 4 — 6-lobed, disk annular : — ... ... ... clxii — Buraera. 

(2) Calyx 3-fid, valvate ; drupe usually trigonous : — ... clsxiii — Canarinm. 

(II) Non-balsamic ; rachis of leaves winged bet-ween the leaflets : — 

clxxiv — Filicium, 
XXX— MELIACE^— 

[Botanical Note, — Engler and others place Chloroxylon in Order XXVI — 
EuTACE.i: chiefly on account of the translucent essential oil glands in the leaves.] 
(I) Ovules 1 — 2 in each cell ; seeds not winged : — 

(i) Staminal tube half the length of the stamens or less, or stamens free : — 

(1) Leaflets always entire: — 

(A) Leaves imparijiinnate with usually 9 (5 — 11) leaflets ; panicles 

axillary, corymbose, long-pedunculate ; staminal tube half 

the length ot stamens ; fruit a 2-valved capsule : — clxxxvii — Ileynea. 

(B) Leaves imparipinnate, 3or 1-foliate ; panicles terminal or 

axillary ; stamens free or connate ; fruit a tomentosc berry: — • 

c Ixxx^i — Walsura, 

(2) Leaflets mostly serrate ; stamens connate only at bare ; fruit a 
small, red, drupe : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... clxxx — Cipadessa. 

(ii) Staminal tube complete, inflated above ; leaves digitately 3-foliate, 
leaflets entire or lobeJ ; flowers large, solitary, axillary ; small shrub : — 

clxxvi — Naregamia. 
(iii) Staminal tube complete, oblong or linear : — 

(1) Leaves simple : — ... ... ... ... ... ... clxxv — Turrtca. 

(2) Leaves 3-foliate ... ... ... ... ... clxxxii — Sandoricum. 

(3) Leaves pinnate, leaflets entire : — ... ... ... clxxxi — Dysoxylnm. 

(4) Leaves pinnate, leaflets mostly serrate : — 

(A) Flowers 1 — 1^ inch, petals cohering half way ; disk tubular: — 

clxxvii — Munronia. 

(B) Flowers j inch, petals free ; disk inconspicuous : — 

clxxviii — Azadirachta. 

(5) Leaves bi- (or tri-) pinnate : — ... ... .., ... cJxxLx — Melia, 

(iv) Staminal tube complete, globose : — 

(1) Flowers polygamous : — 

(a) Petals 5 ; anthers 5 ; fruit a dry indehiscent berry : — clxxxiii — Aglaia. 
(B) Petals 5; anthers 10 j fruit a fleshy berry : — ... clxxxiv— Lansium. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND OENERA. 141 

XXX— MELIACEiT:— co^l^ 

(C) Petals 3—4 ; antlipva 3 — 10 ; ovary 3. celled ; fruit a capsule : — 

clxxxv— Amoora. 
(2) Flowers bisexual : — 

(A) Littor:il tieos ; leaves paripinnate, leaflets 2 — 6; anthers 8: — 

clxxxix — Carapa. 

(B) Small trees of tlio liills ; leaves 1 or 3-foliate ; anthers 5 — 6 : — 

clxxxviii — Beddomea. 

(II) Ovules numerous ; seeds winded ; staniinal tube complete : — 

(i) Seeds winged at both ends :— ... ... ... ... ... cxc— Soymida. 

(ii) Seeds winged at one end only : — 

(1) Petals i — t5 inch : capsule 3 — 6 inches: — ... ... cxci — Swietenia, 

(2) Petals ^ inch ; capsule 1^ imdies : — ... ... ... cxcii — Chukrassia, 

(III) Ovules 8 — 12 in each cell ; seeds winged ; stamens quite distinct. — 

(i) Stamens 4 — 6; ovary 5-celled : — ... ... ... ... cxciii — Cedrela. 

(ii) Stamens 10; ovary 3-celled ; leaves with translucent aromatic oil 
glands: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cxriv — Chloroxylon. 

XXXI— CHAILLETIACExE— 

(I) Flowers pale green in axillary and extra-axillary cymes ; otherwise 
characters of the Order (q.v. in the Synopsis) :— ... ... ... cxcv — Ohailletia. 

XXXII— OLACACE^— 

{^Botanical Note. — Very closely allied to orders C-LoranthaCe.e andCI-SAXTA- 
LACE5; which might very appropriately be entered immediately after this order.] 

(I) Stamens and staminodes together more numerous than petals : — 

(i) Petals -J—o, bearded ; stamens 8— 10, staminodes :-:- ... cxcvi — Ximenia. 
(ii) Petals 8, not bearded ; stamens 5, staminodes 5 ; calyx enlarged in 
fruit and partially covering iis base : — ... ... ... ... ... cxcvii— Olax. 

(II) Stamens as many as petals ; calyx and corolla both present : — 

(i) Calyx tube adnate to ovary and enlarged in fruit ... cxcviii — Erythropalum, 
(ii) Calyx-oup shaped ; petals free and hairy within : — ... cxcix — Strombosia. 
(iii) Calyx-cup shaped, 5 — 7-toothed, petals free, 5 — 7, thick and concave at 
base:— ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... .. cc — Anacolosa. 

(III) Stamens as many as segments of periauth (petals) ; calyx 0; bracts 
below petals : — 

(i) Flowers 4 — 5-merou8 ; bracts small ; perianth campanulate ; hairy: — 

cci — CauBjei'a, 
(ii) Flowers 5- merous ; bracts large and covering the flowers in bud, 
segments of perianth free : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ccii — Opilia. 

XXXIII— icacinace.t:— 

(,1) Flower.s 2-sexual (rarely polygamous) ; trees and shrabs : — 

(i) Petals combined into a campanulate corolla, lobes prominently ribbed : — 

cciii — Gomphandra. 
(ii) Petals free, glabrous ; style lateral : — ... ... ... cciv — Apodytee. 

(iii) Petals free, hairy above ; style tenninal ; fetid : — ... cev — Mappia, 

(II) Flowers dioecious ; climbers . — 

(i) Flowers of male in long, of female in short, peduncled heads ; calyx 0, 
replaced l)y an involucre of 4 — 5 bracts (some distance from perianth in male 
flowers) ; perianth 4 — 5 lobed ; leaves glabrous toothed : — • ... ... ccvi — Miqcelia. 

(ii) Flowers of male in spikes, of female in small hqada, on filiform 
axillary peduncles; calyx 0, perianth 4 — 5-lobed, ebracteate ; leaves harsh 
beneath: — ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ccvii — Pyrenacantha. 

(iii) Flowers, male and female, in clusters on a long pendulous rachis ; 
calyx 4 — 5-lobed; petals 5, free ; leaves glabrous entire : — ... ccviii — Sarcostigma. 

(iv) Flowers, male and female, in sapra-axillary racemes ; calyx of 5 free 
sepals ; petals 5 ; leaves, and young parts, rough with stiff hairs : — 

ccix — Natsiatnm. 
XXXIY— AQUIFOLIACE.-E— 

[Botanical Note. — The treasury of botany places Curtisia in Order LX — 

CORXACE.S.] 

(I) Leaves opposite : — ccx— Curtisia. 

(II) Leaves alternate: — ... ccxi— Ilex. 



142 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XXXV— CELASTRACE^. 

I Anatomical features . — In Hippocratea and Salacia, the repeated oonrentric bands 
of bast (phloem) are frequently interrupted aud are often joined by radial bands, 
so that on the transverse section numerous masses of xylem appear sei)arated by 
tangential and radial bands of bast. With these exceptions, as fur as known, the 
wood, even of climbing species, has a normal structure ; the medullary rays are bi'oad 
and the vessels large.] 

(I) Fruit a dehiscent capsiile cr dehiscent distinct carpels: — 
(i) Leaves opposite ; seeds not winged : — 

(1) Petals free ; disk ; fleshy capsule 3 — 5-celled : — 

(A) Cymes axillary ; ovules 2 in each cell :-- ., ... ccxii— Enonyrans. 

( C) Cymes mostly supra-axillary ; ovule 1 in each cell : — 

ccxiii — Glyptopetalum. 

(2) Petals free ; disk fleshy ; capt^iile 2-celled, 2-lobed, 1 cell abortive, 

1 seeded : — • ccxx — Knrrimia. 

(3) Petals connate at the base ; capsule 1-celled, 1-seeded: — 

co-iiv — Microtropis. 
(ii) Leaves mostly opposite ; seeds winged : — 

(1) Capsule 3-valved : — 

(A) Seeds winged nearly all round ; petals crested : — ccxv — Lophopetaluiu. 

(B) Seeds winged at upper end ; petals coriaceous, gland dotted : — 

ccxvi — Kokoona. 

(2) Capsule with 3 distinct carpels, like flattened pods; seeds winged at 

lower end : — ... ... ... ... ... .. ccxxii— Hippocratea. 

(iii) Leaves alternate : — 

(1) Leaves serrate ; flowers in cymose panicles ; stamens on edge of disk ; 
climbers:— ... • ccxviii — Celastrns. 

(2) Leaves mostly serrate ; flowers in cymose dichotomous corymbs ; 
stamens under the disk ; erect ; mostly spinous : — ... ... ccxix — Gymnosporia. 

(II) Fruit indehiscent ; leaves opposite or sub-opposite : — 
(i) Stamens 5, inserted under edge of disk : — 

(1) Fruit a small white drupe ; flowers in small subsessile cymes : — 

ccxvii — Pleurostylia. 

(2) Fruit a black or brown drupe like a small olive ; flowers in peduuculate 
dichotomous cymes : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ccxxi — Eteodendron. 

(ii) Stamens 3, inserted on the disk, or apparently on the ovary ; fruit a 
berry ... ... ... ••• ■•• ••• ■■• ••• ... ... ccxxiii — Salacia. 

XXXVI— RHAMNACE^. 

[Anatomical features. — Structui-e of wood, even in climbers, normal as far as is 
known.] 

(I) Fruit superior, usually with persistent calyx beneath it : — 

(i) Leaves minute ; spines in alternate pairs at right angles to the stem ; 
flowers solitary or fascicled, axillary or below the base of the spines : — ccxxv— CoUetia. 
(ii) lieaves not minute : — 

(1) Fruit a samara, girt at base or middle by calyx tube ; leaves sub- 
bifarious, penninerved : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ccxxvii— -Ventilago. 

(2) Fruit a drupe : — 

(A) Drupe 1-stoned j 1 — 4-celled, leaves palmately 3— 5-costate, sub- 

bifarious, stipules spinous, 1-straight 1-hooked : — ccxxviii — Zizyphus. 

(B) Lrupe 2— 4-stoned, with sbiall persistent calyx ; leaves sub-bifarius, 

penninerved : — 

(a) Leaves mostly alternate ; branches often arrested and spines- 
cent ; flowers in axillary fascicles or cymes ; disk thin lining 
the calyx tube : — ... ... ... ... ccxxix — Rhamnus. 

(h) Leaves alternate ; flowers in axillary racemes ; disk nearly to the 
apices of the calyx lobes, ending just below the bifid tip : — 

ccxxiv -Noltea. 

(c) Leaves mostly opposite ; branches often arrested and subspincs- 
cent ; flowers sessile on terminal leafless paniculate branches ; 
disk fleshy lining the calyx tube : — ... ... ccxxxii — Sagerr^tia. 



KEY TO SUn-CLASSES, ORDEKS AND (jKNERA- 143 

XXXVI— RHAMNACE^—C"n<. 

(4) Fruit a berry, ofton nearly ihy, 2— 4-oellod and st'cdod ; leaves Hub- 
bifarious -. — 

(A) Leaves palmately :5-eo8tato, mombianoun, alternate ; iinaniuid j 

berry dh a thickened, llesliy, arching peduncle : — 

ccxxx-IIovenia. 

(B) Leaves peiiniiicived, coriaceous, Buli-oppesite ; prickles recurved; 

l)erry with persistent calyx tube at base, peduncle not. 
thickened : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ccxxxi — Scntia. 

(5) Fruit a caps^ule, srpported by the persistent calyx tube ; leaves 
penninervcd, alternate : — ... ... ... .. ... ... ccxxxii — Colubrina. 

(II) Fruit inferior, erowned by persistent calyx limb; tendriLs usually pre- 
sent ; leaves alternate, pcnniiierved : — 

(i) Fruit samaroid, 3-anglcd, -keeled or -winged ; flowers racemose : — 

ccxxxiv — Gouania. 
(ii) Fruit a berry, globose, 3-celled and -seeded, finally capsular, not winged ; 
flowers umbellate : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ccxxxv — Helinna. 

XXXVl I- AMPELID ACE/E- 

(I) Climbers, (rarely erect) ; leaves simple and palmately costate, or 3- 
foliate, or digitately or pedately 5 — 9-foliate ; filaments free ; ovary 2-celled : — 

ccxxxvi — Vitis. 

(II) Erect; leaves (rarely simple) pinnate or bi-or tri-pinnate ; filaments 
united in a tube ; ovary 3 — 6-celled : — ... ... ... ... ... ccxxxvii — Leea. 

XXXVTII — SAPINDACE^— 

[Bolanicul Note. — As explained under the Key to the Orders, Sir D. Brandis follow- 
ing Engler u. Prantl., sub-divides this into 3 orders, and the genus Acer then comes 
into Acerace.*:, and Turpinia into STAPHTLEACE.t:. Filicium is transferred from Order 
XXIX — BuRSERACE.K; whilst according to Brandis, Eeuiijyrosa is included under 
Lejpisanthes. On the other hand, he divides Sapindus into Supindus and Aphania,'\ 

(I) Leaves alternate, exstipulate : — 

(i) Leaves biternate or trifoliate, leaflets serrate : — 

(1) Slender climbers ; leaves biternate ; capsule inflated, membranous, 
3-celled and -valved : — ... ... ... ... ... ccxxxviii — Cardiospermuni. 

(2) Erect ; leaves 3-foliate ; frnit a berry : — ... ... ccxli — Allophylus. 

(ii) Leaver (usually, but not alw^ays, pari—) pinnate, leaflets entire; fruit 

iudeliiscent, usually a leathery, less commonly a woody or fleshy, berry :-- 

(1) Fruit not deeply lobed : — 

(A) Common petiole (rachis) deeply winged : — ... clxxiv— Filicium. 

(B) Common petiole not winged: — 

(a) Sepals 5, erect, concave, 2 outer smaller, petals 4 — 5 ; fila- 

ments hairy : — ... ccxxxix — Hemigyrosa. 

(b) Sepals 5, concave, widely imbricated ; petals 5 ; filaments 

very short: — . ccxli v — Otophora. 

(c) Calyx 4 — 6-fid, very, small, lobes valvate ; petals ; filament.s 

downy or not:— ... ccxlv— Schleichera 

(2) Fruit deeply 1— 3-lobed :— 

(A) Frnit not murictite, ripe carpels quite distinct: — ... ccxivii — Sapindus. 

(B) Frnit not muricate, ripe carpels united at the base : — 

(a) Flowers regular; disk complete ; petals not clawed, pericarp- 

succulent:— ccxivii— B.—Aphania. 

(b) Flowers zygomorphic ; disk unilateral : — ccxl — EricgloEsum. 

(C) Fruit echinate or tubercled, ripe carpels connate ; ccxlviii — Neplielium. 
(iii) Leaves (usually, but not always, pari-) pinnate, leaflets entire; fruit 

a dehiscent capsule : — 

(1) Capsule trigonous, 3-celled, seed 1, arillate, in each cell: — 

ccxliii— Blighia. 

(2) Capsule flattened, 2-celled, seed 1, winged, in each cell : — 

ccxlvi — Ptasroxylon. 

(3) Capsule inflated, 2"lobed and -celled, seeds 1 — 2, usually arillate, in 

each cell:— ccxlix— Harpuliia. 



144 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XXX VIII— S APINDACE^—cowf. 

(iv) Leaves simple ; capsule usnallj 3-(2 — 6-) sided, winged, and valved: — 

ccli — Dodonsea. 
(II) Lea\es alternate, stipulate, imiDaripinnate, leaflets toothed and decnr- 
rent; capsule papery, deeply 4-lobed and-celled : — ... ... cclii — Melianthus. 

(I J I) Leaves opposite : — 

(i) Leaves digitately 7-foliate, exstipnlate, leaflets serrate ; fruit a globose 
capsule, often echinate, 1— 3-celled and-valved : — ... ... ... ccxlii — sescnlus. 

(ii) Leaves simple, palmately 3 — 7-costate, often-lobed, exstipulate ; fruit 
a double samaia : — ... -. .. ... ... ... ... ... ccl--Acer. 

(iii) Leaves imparipinnate, stipulate, leaflets seri'ulate,s stipellate ; fmit a 
subglobose berry, 3-celled with 1 — 3 angular seeds in each cell : — ccliii — ^Tnrpinia. 

XXXIX— SABTACE^— 

(I) Climbincr; petals equal ; stamens 4 — 5, all f ertile ; fruit of 2 drupes with 

1 — 2 reniform seeds in each : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ccliv— Sabia. 

(II) Erect ; petals unequal ; stamens 2, and staminodes 3 ; fmit of 2 drupes 

with 1 — 2 globose seeds in each : — ... ... ... ... ... cclv — Meliosma. 

XL— ANACAEDIACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — Resin canals in the bark, as a rule in the bast (phloem)]. 

(I) Leakes imparipinnate or 3-foliate: — 
(i) Ovary 1-celled : — 

(1) Styles 3 — 4 ; calyx 4 — G-parted or-lobed, presistant ; flowers polyga- 
mous or dioecious : — 

(A) Bi-anches slender ; flowers small in terminal or axillary 

panicles : — 

(a) Leaflets glaucous and balsamic ; stamens 10 inserted beneath 

a wavy fleshy disk ; drupe succulent, stone traversed on its 
outer surface by 6 longitudinal channels filled with oil ; — 

cclvi — Schinns. 

(b) Leaflets not glaucous nor balsamic; stamens 4, 5,6, or 10, 

inserted at the basH of disk ; drupe small, dry, compressed, 

stone coriaceous, crustaceous, or bony : — ... ... cclviii — Rhus. 

(B) Branches thick ; flowers in terminal, simple or paniclpd, racemes, 

fascicled ; stamens 8 — 10 inserted within the disk ; drupe 
compressed reniform, stone hard : — ... ... cclxiv — Odina. 

(2) Style 1 ; flowers hermaphrodite ; stamens 10 inserted at base of 

disk ; drupe obliquely oblong, truncate, compressed, pericarp 

full of oil, stone hard : — .. ... ... ... cclxiii — Solenocarpus. 

(ii) Ovary 4 — 5-celled ; styles 4 — 5 ; di'upe large, fleshy, 1 — o-celled, the 
cells opening by canals through the top of the hard thick stone : — 

cclxviii — Spondias. 
(TI) Leaves simple, penninerved : — 

(i) Petioles not spui-red ; ovary superior : — 

(1) Stamens as many as petals, but only 1 fertile ; drupe large oblique : — 

cclix — Mangifera, 

(2) Stamens as many as petals, all fertile : — 

(A) Bisexual; stamens 4 — (>; torus and drupe stipitate, latter di-y, 

deformed, tubercled and ridged : — ... ... cclxi— Gluta. 

(B) Polygamous ; stamens ; drupe sessile, depressed turbinate, 

striate, tipped with the style ; leaves sometimes opposite : — 

cclxvii — Nothopegia. 

(C) Polygamous: stamens 5 — 6; drupe on fleshy hypocarp (accres- 

cent disk) : — ... .. .. ... ... cclxv — Sem(?carpus. 

{^) Stamens twice as many as petals :- - 

(A) Stames 10. but only 5 fertile ; drnpe club shaped : — 

cclvii — Corj-Tiocnrpcs. 

(B) Stamens 8 — 10, all or some fertile; drupe on fleshy hypocai]. 

(acciescent disk) : — ... ... ... ... cclx — Anacardium. 

(C) Stamens 8 — 10, all fertile ; drupe on persistent, not enlarged, 

calyx: — ... ... ... ... ... cclxii — Buehanania. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 145 

XL— ANACARDIACE/E— co«t. 

(ii) Potioloa apurrod ; ovary iiit'urior ; pjtalq pirdistent -. — ... oclxvi — Holi<^arua. 

(Ill) Leaves simple, paliuately S-oostate, aromatic ; calyx 3-fid ; petals 3 ; 
Btamens 3, exscrtod ; drupe coriacooua, tiirbinafco, 3.<^roovod ; stone triquetrous, 
3-celled and-seeded:— oclvx— Kumphia. 

(17) Details not to hand :— cclxix— Harpephyllum. 

XLI— M( »RINGACK J']~ 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) :— cclxxi— Moringa 

XLII— CONNARACEyE— 

(I) Leaves iraparipinnate : — 

(i) Follicle solitary, sessile ; calyx persistent, accrescent, claspinj^ base of 
foUiole : — ... ... ... ... ... ••• •.• ■•• cclxxii — Rourea. 

(ii) Follicle solitary, stipitate ; calyx persistent, not accrescent, clasping 
the pedicel of the stipitate follicle :— ... colxxiii— Conuarus. 

(II) Leaves 1-foliate ; follicle solitary, stalked, velvetty, carved ; sepals 
valvate, snberect, not accrescent : — .. cclxxiv — BUipanthus. 

XLIII— LEGUMINOS^— 

A—Papilionkae, \ 

[Anatomic'xl feature-^. — As far as is known, throughout the whole order the wood 
fibres have always simple, not bordered, pits ; bands of wood parenchyma, more or 
less concentric, ofc^n interrupted, are a common feature in this order. Papilionaceous 
trees show a great variety in the structure of their woods. Distinct heart wood, 
generally hard and dark-coloured, occur among others in Ougei/iia, Fterocarpn.s, most 
Dalbergia.^. There is no heart wood in Sesbania, Erijthrina, Batea, Dalhergia 
lanceolaria, and Pongamia. Extremely soft and li^'ht is the pith-like wood of 
^schynoynene, which mainly consists of thin walled parenchyma. Of climbers, 
Millettia auriculat'i, Derri sscandens, and Spatholobiis Roxburghii have the usual 
anomalous structure, concentric strata of bast (phloem) alternating with broader 
strata of wood, which is light, soft, and porous because it mainly consists of very wide 
vessels. The stems of other climbers being often flat, fluted, or otherwise irregular, 
the alternating strata of bast and wood frequeiitly do not form complete rings. 
Dalbergia paniculata, though a tree, has a structure resembling that of climbing 
stems, namely, bands of bast (phloem) alternating with broader strata of wood. On 
the other hand some cUmbing Papilionaceous plants, especially Dalhergias, have 
stems of a normal structure.] 

(I) Stamens free : — 

(i) Leaves simple ; pod moi-e or less turgid, dehiscent : — 

(1) Leaves subverticillate or opposite : — cccxxxvi -Oxylobium. 

(2) Leaves alternate : — 

(A) Calyx remarkably indented on its insertion on the pedicel : — 

cccxxxiii— Podalyri-i. 

(B) Calyx not remarkably indented on its insertion on the pedicel : — 

occxxxv— Chorizenia. 
(ii) Leaves digitately 3-foliate, exstipellate ; pod compressed, dehiscent :-- 

cocxxxiv — Cyclopia, 
(iii) Leaves pinnate, leaflets exstipellate : — 
(1) Pod turgid, dehiscent : — 

(A) Pod fleshy, coriaceous, continuous within, seeds 1 — 2, red, arillate : — 

cccxxxi — Ormosia. 

(B) Pod woody, spongy within, divided into 3 —5 cells, each with a large 

sabgloboae seed : — ... ... ... cccxxxvii— Castanospermum. 

'2) Pod indehiscent, or {Sophora) very tardily dehiscent : — 

(A) Pod mouiliform, in one species winged:— cccxxix— Sophora. 

(B) Pod flat, equal:— 

(a) Keel obtuse, slightly incurved; pod membranous ; flowers yel- 

low : — ... ... ... ... ... ... cccxxx — Calpurnia. 

(b) Keel incurved into a beak ; pod leathery ; flowers pink: — 

cccxx.xii — Virgilia, 

10 



146 KEY TO SUE-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GEKERA. 

XLIII— LEGUMINOS^— cowt. 

A — Papilioxej, — cont. 
(II) Stamens monadelphoiTS or diadelphoias : — 

(i) Plants with hairs fixer] by thfir centres on calyx, leaves and shoots ; 
connective of anthers rancronate or gland-tipped ; stamens diadelphons 
(9+1); pod slender; leaves simple, 3-foliate, digitate or pinnate: — 

cclxsxiv — Indigofera. 
(ii) Plants either with basifixed (not centrally fixed) hairs, or glabrous ; 
anthers neither macrouate nor gland-tipped: — 
(1) Pod dehiscent by both sutures : — 

(A) Leaves reduced to spinous cladodes : — ... ... cclxxx^Ulex. 

(B) Leaves paripinnate with rachis ending in a tendril or bristle : — 

cccv- — Abms. 

(C) Leaves neither reduced to spinous cladodes, nor paripinnate with 

rachis ending in tendril or bristle : — 
(a) Leaves simple or digitately (not pinnately) compound : — 
(a) Stamens lOmonadelphous, sheath split along the back : — 
(*'i Flowers axillary or clnstered; leaves all simple: — 

(t) Anthers uniform ; pod very flat : — ... cclxsvii - Platylobium. 
(tt) Anthers dimorphous, alternating 5 short and 5 long; pod 

turgid, scarcely longer than broad : — ... cclxxvi — Hovea, 
(**) Flowers in terminal or leaf-opposed racemes ; leaves 
simple, or digitately 3 — 7-foliate, not glandular beneath ; 
anthers dimorphons, alternating 5 short and 5 long : — 
(+) Pod inflated, seeds rattling within when mature : — 

cclxxix — Crotalaria, 
(tt) Pod compressed, subtor close: — 

(§) Calyx 2-iipped: — cclxxv — Argyrolobinm.. 

(§§) Calyx sub-equally 5-toothed : — 

(II) Racemes mostly erect ; shrubs : — ... cclxxxi — Cytifcos. 

(illj) Racemes drooping : trees : — ... cclsxxii— Labornam. 

()S) Stamens diadelphtus (9 + 1) ; seeds 2 ; leaves digitately 3-foliate, 
or petioled 1 -foliate with large bracts, glandular beneath: — 

cccxxsiii — Flemint is. 
(b) Leaves pinnately compound, 3 — or more — foliate : — 

(or) Leaves pinnately 3-foliate, or if 5 — 7-foliale {Centrosema, some- 
times) the.a with the standard shortly spurred at the back 
near the bnse : — 
(*) Pods dehiscing from apex to bose : — 

(t) Leaves glandular beneath ; pod compvess- d ; stamens 9+ 1 ; 
two upper calyx lobes much cwnnate : fnnicle centric : — 
(§) Ovules 1—2 :— 

(ID Calyx lobes accrescent, scaricus-raembranon':, low<st 

lobe the longest : — ... ... cccxxi — Cyclista. 

(||||) Calyx lobes not accrescent, or, if accrescent, sub- 
equal and not scarions : — ... cccxxiii — Ehynchosia. 
(§§) Ovules 4 or more : — 
(II) Climbers mostly ; stigma 8;iiall terminal : — 

(J) j'od oblong obtuse, deeply ti'ansversely lineate be- 
tween the seeds: — ... .- cccxviii — Atylosia 

(tt) Pod linear acuminate, hardly depressed between 

seeds: — ... ... ... ccoxx — Dunbaria. 

(tt) Leaves not glandular beneath, leaflets exstipellate ; pod 
stipitfite, flat, thin-valved ; ovules 2 — 4; stamens mona- 
delphous, anthers dimorphons : — ... cclxsviii — Goodia. 

(ttt) Leaves not glandular beneath, leaflets stipellate : — 
(§) Style bearded below the stigma : stamens 9 + 1 : — 

( II ) Stigma oblique ; keel spirally twisted : — cccxiii — Piaseolna. 
(Illl) Stigma oblique ; keel not spirally twisted : — 

cccxiv — Vigna. 
(II II II) Stigma terminal : — cccxvii — Dolichos. 

(§§) Style not bearded below the stigma ; nodes of rbceme not 
swollen : — 



KEY TO sun- CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENKRA. 147 

XLlII-LEGUMINOSiE— coyif. 

A — PaPIL LON K* — CO nt. 

(II) Pod turgid continnous vritbiD, transversely veined : — 

ccc — Pycnospora, 
(ilil) Pod Hat, subseptate between seeds ; flowers showy : — 

cocxv — Centrosema. 
(mill) Pod flat, subseptate between seeds; flowers minute 
with scanarioso persistent bracts .• — 

cccvi — Shnteria. 
(§§§) ^tyle not bearded below the stigma; nodes of raceme 
swollen : — 
(II) Stamens monadelphons (sometimes Pucraria sub- 
diadelphoas) : — 
(t) Upper lip of calyx projecting ; flowers purple : — 

cccxi— Canavalia. 
{XX) upper lip of calyx not projecting' ; flowers blue : — 

cccxii--Pueraria. 
(HID Stamens diadelphous ; petals very unequal :-- 

(X) Anthers uniform ; keel and wings both shcvrter than 

standard ; araied trees :— ... cccviii — Erythrina. 

(XX) Anthers dimorphous ; standard shorter than keel 
and wings ; pods with stinging hairs ; 
climbers: — ... .. ... ... cccvii — ^Macuna. 

(**) Pods dehiscing at seed-bearing apex only, elsewhere seed- 
less and indehiscent : — 
(t) Petals unequal ; flowers large : — ... ... .. ccox — Batea. 

(tl) Petals subequal ; flowers small : — ... cccix — Spafholobus. 

{$) Leaves pinnately 5 — to many-foliate ; pods dehiscing from apex 
to base : — 
(*) Style bearded below the stigma : — 
(t) t'od flat ; flowers with very unequal obttise petals ; stand- 
ard large : — ... ... ... ... cccxv — Glitoria. 

(ft) Pod turgid : flowers with acuminate petals ; wings 

shorter than keel and standard : — ... cclxxxvi — Clianthus. 
(**) Style not bearded below the stigma : — 

(t) Standard alone present, wings and keel absent ; leaves 

pellucid dotted : — ... ... ... ccxcii — Amorpha, 

(ft) Standard not longer than other petals : — 

(§) Pod inflated, bladdery : — ... cclxxxvii — Sutherlandia. 

(§§) Pod transversely septate between seeds ; stamena 

diadelphous (9 -f- 1 ) : — ... ... ccxciii — Sesbania. 

(§§§) Pod not inflated, nor septate; stamens sub-monadel- 
phous, the vexillary stamen usually united in the 
middle to the edges of the sheath : — 
(II) Leaflets closely parallel-veined; pod thin, early 

dehiscent: — ... ... ... ccxci — Tephrosia. 

(!|||) Leaflets reticulately veined; pod thick, tardily 
dehiscent : — 
{X) Standard -With 2 calli at the base : — cclxxxviii — Wistaria, 
(it) Standard without calli, sometimes 2.auricled, at 

base ; filaments filiform : — cclxxxix — Millettia. 

iXXX) Standard without calli or auricles i filaments 

dilated: — ... ... coxc — Mandulea. 

(2) Pod indehiscent, rarley (Desmodium, sometimes) opening along the 
ventral suture: — 

(A) Leaves alternate, pellucidly gland-dotted, pinnate ; pod seeded ; 

ovale!: — ... ... ... ... cclxxxv — Psoralea. 

(B) Leaves alternate, not pelluci.d dotted: — 

(a) Pod of 1 or several indehiscent 1- seeded segments (rarely 
Desmodium dehiscing along ventral suture only : — 
(ot) Leaflets extipellate: — 
(•) Stamens monadelphous : — 
(+) Anthers uniform j leaves 1 — 3-foliate, leaflets roundish : — 

ccxciv — -TaTerniera. 

10-A 



148 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XLIII— LEGUMINOS^ —cont. 

A PAPILLONEJi — COnt. 

(tf) Anthers dimorphous ; leaves 3-foliate, leaflets lanceo- 
late : — ... ... ... ... ... ccxcvi — Stylosanfcbes. 

(**) Stamens diadelphous, 9 -=- 1 : — 

(t) Leaves simple, stipules spiueacent ; pod 9-jointed, hardly 

separating: — ... ... ... ... ... ccxcv — Alhagi. 

(tt) Leaves iu parpinnate, stipules no*-, spinescent, pod 1 — 3- 

jointed: — ... ... ... ... ccxcvi (bts.) — Hedysarum. 

(***) Stamens in 2 bundles of 5 each ; leaves pinnate ,• joints of 
pod papillose or weakly muricate : — 
(t) Leaves paripinnate, end leaflet replaced by a bristle ; pod 

folded np within the calyx : — ... ... ccxcvii — Smithia. 

(tt) Leaves imparipinuate ; pod straight exserted : — 
(§) Leaflets linear, numerous, 20 — 50 pairs, stiples and bracts 

decidous i marsh plants: — ... coxcviii — ..^schynomene, 
(§§) Leaflets roundish-oblong, few, 4 — 8 pairs, stipules and 
bracts persistent and striated j dry land and hillock 
plants: — ... ... ... ... ccxcix — Ormocarpum. 

(j8) Leaflets stipellate ; stamens diadelphous (9 + 1) j ovary 2-or 
mors-ovuled j joints of pod usually about as long as broad : — 
(*) Pod folded up within calyx : — ... ... ... cccii — Uraria. 

(**) Pod straight, exserted :— 

(t) Joints of pod wing-like, thin and large ; flowers in 
fascicles from the old wood ; anthers dimorphous ; large 
trees: — .. .. ... ccciii — Ougeinia. 

(tt) Joints of pod not wing-like ; flowers from the year's 
shoots ; anthers uniform ; mostly shrabs : — 

ccciv — Desmodimn. 
(b) Pod not segmented : — 

(a) Shrubs ; leaves always 3-foliate; pod flattened, much longer 
than calyx ; stamens diadelphous, anthers uniform : — 
(*) Leaflets toothed ; pod spirally twisted : — cclxxxiii — Medicago. 

(**) Leaflets entire; pod straight : — ... ... ccci-— Pseudarthria. 

f/3) Trees or strong woody climbers; leaves imparipinnate (rarely 3- 
foliate) ; stamens usually submonadelphous, the vexillary 
stamen united in the middle of the sheath, sometimes diadel- 
phous (9-^-1) (rarely in Dalhergia in 2 bundles of 5+5) : — 
(*) Leaflets opposite : — 

(t) Pod winaless, woody, flattened, oblong with discurved 

point: — ... ... ... ... cccxxvi — Pongamia. 

(tt) Pod winged on upper, or both, satures ; usually strap- 
shaped : — ... ... ... ... ... cccxxvii — Derris. 

(**) Leaflets alternate : — 

(t) Flowers small, pinkish ; pods narrow, not winged : — 

cccxxiv — Dalbergia. 
(tt) Flowers small, pinkish; pods suborbicular oblique, winged 

allrotind: — ... ... cccxxv— PterocarpuB. 

(C) Leaves opposite, pinnate ; pod strap-shaped, not winged : — 

cccxxviii — Platymischium. 

B — C^BAIPINIE.*;. 

[Anatomical features. — Most trees of this suborder have distinct dark-coloured heart- 
wood, the chief exceptions being the arborescent Bauhinias (climbing Bauhinias 
have an anomalous structure). Some genera {Ilaidwichia^Bymevaa) have cavities in* 
the wood filled with gum-resin, the walls lined by a stratum of thin walled cells.] 

[Botanical Note. — Hooker places genus ccclxvi — Acrocarpus in the suborder 
MtMOSE.a;, Brandis and Prain show it to belong to this suborder. J 

(I) Leaves bipinnate, often with hooked prickles :— 

(i) Calyx 5-c3eft to base or neai-ly so, segtnects imbricate ; stamens 10: — 

(1) Pod not winged, sometimes echinate ; trees, shrubs and climbers : — 

cccxxxviii — Caesalpinia. 

(2) Pod winged on both sutures ; tree : — ... cccjcxxix— Peltophorum. 



KEY TO SUB-CLA-SSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 14d 

XLIII -LEGD MINOS^— co« i. 

B — Caesalpine/E — cont. 
(3) Pod winded on onu suture only ; climber : — ... ccc.xl — Mezoneurum. 

(*) Pod indehiscent, sainaroitl, l-seeded with large terminal oblique 
wing; climbor : — .. ... ... ... ... cccxli — Ptorolobium. 

(ii) Calyx 5 cleft, to base, segments narrow valvate or slightly overlapping: — 

(1) Main rachis dwarfed spinoscent, pinnaa (4 — 8) simulating a fascicle 
of simply pinnate leaves, each with a broad flat i-achis and minutfj leaflets ; pod 
moniliform : — ... ... ... ... ... cccxliv — Parkinsonia. 

(2) Main rarhis distinct and long : — 

(A) Petals orbicular snljcqnal, [)od hat : — ... ... cccxlii — Poinciana. 

(B) Petals verj- unequal i pod turgid :— ... ... cccxliii — Colvillea. 

(iii) Calyx campanulatc, flowers in dense spikes : — 

(1) Stamens 10, prickly climber : — ... ... ... cccxlvi — Wagatea. 

{\i) Stamens 5 ; large tree : — ... ... ... ccclxvi^Acrocarpus. 

(II) Leaves simply (usually pari) pinnate ; sometimes 2-foliate, but leaflets distinct ; 
and usually penninerved : — ■ 

(i) Petals 0, caly x often or- loured : — 

(1) Pei'fect stamens 10 ; leaves 2-foliate or with 2-3 pairs of leaflets ; 

pod dehiscent at seed bearing apex : — ... ... ... ... cccl — Herdwickia. 

(2) Perfect stamens 5, leaflets opposite 2—3 pairs; pod indehiEcent, pulpy 
within : — ... ... ... .. ... ... cccliii — Coratonia. 

(3) Perfect s!aiaens2 — 8, long asserted; leaflets opposite 3 — 6 pairs, pod 

flat, dehiscent, without pulp : — ... ... ... ... ... ccclii — Saraca. 

(4) Perfect stamens 2 ; leaflets alternate, 1 — 5 pairs with a terminal one ; 

pod indehiscent, pulpy within : — ... ... ... cccxlix — Dialium. 

\iii) Petals 3 — 5, or 5 with 2 more or less abortive ; stamens 10. of which 1 — 8 
often reduced to staminodes : — 

(1) Pod inde.hiscent : — 

(A) Pod thin, flat, narrow elliptic j leaflets 3- -4 pairs obcordate 

flowers racemed : — ... cccxliii — Hspmatoxylon. 

(B) Pod oblong, with woody epicarp, and pulpy or (later) mealy 

mesocarp ; leaves bifoliate; flowers racemed or panicled: — cccli-H ymenaea. 

(C) Pod thick, oblong, with brittle epicarp, and pulpy mesocarp, septate 

within ; leaflets 10 — 20 pairs ; flowers racemed : — ccclv — TamarinduB. 

(D) Pod turgid, subovoid or subreniform ; leaflets 1 — 3 pairs ; flowers 

corymbose or racemed : — ... ... cccxlviii — Cynometrio 

(2) Pod dehiscent, or if indehiscent {Cassia, sometimes) thin long cylindra, 
and septate within : — 

(A) Pod flat, oblong ; leaflets large, 6 — 8 pairs ; flowers racemed : — 

ccclii [bis.) — Amherstia. 

(B) Pod scimetar shaped, flat ; leaflets 4 — 12 pairs ; flowers capitate :-- 

cccliv — Brownea. 

(C) PodlignL'ite — oblong; leaflets 2-foliate or 2 — 5 pairs usually with» 

spur-like stipules ; flowers racemed ; stamens long exserted : — 

ccclvi — Humboldtia. 

(D) Pod lignlate, or indeliiscent and long cylindric and septate within; 
leaflets 3 — 20(1 species 30—50) pairs, often with glands on the 
rachis, flowers racemed or panicled, stamens not exserted : — 

cccxlvii — Cassia . 

(III) Leaves 2-foliate with usually connate leaflets giving the appearance of 
a simple leaf more or less lobed at apex, palmately costate from the base; petals 
and calyx-lobes 5 ; stamens free, 10 (but 1, '.i, or more only fertile); pod ligulate as 

a rule, dehiscent : — occlvii— Baahinia. 

— MlMosE^. 
[Anatomical features^. — Most trees of this suborder have a distinct dark-coloured 
heaitwood of the climbing species, Entada scandens has an anomalouB structure, while 
the climbing Acacias: have a hard normally "bailt wood.] 

[Botanical note. — The transference of Acrocarpus to the last suborder has already 
been explained ; Praiu classes Porfcta in the section with apioal glands.] 
(I) Stamens 10. anthers with deciduous apioal glands : — 

(i) Unarmed ; leaves bipinnate : — / 

(1) Leaflets opposite: — 



150 KEY TO SUB-CL\S3ES, ORDERS AND GENERA, 

XLIII— LEGTJMINOS^— coM^ 

(A) Flowers in globose heads ; pod falcate, thick, woody , septate with- 
in, tardily dehiscing ; tall tree:— ... . . ccclyiii— Xylia. 

(B) Flowers in cylindric spikes ; pod very long lignlate, breaking into 
l-seeded joints, seeds very large ; tendrilled climber : — ccclix — Entada. 

(2) Leaflets alternate; flowers in raoemes; pod torulose, septate within, 

seeds usually red ; tree:— ccclx— Adenanthera. 

(ii) Thorny trees ; leaves bipinnate ; flowers ii\ cylindric spikes: — 

(1) Pinnae 2 pairs; leaflets small, 7 — iO pairs; spikes 1 -coloured : — 

ccclxi — Prosopis. 

(2) Pinnae 6 — 10 pairs; leaflets very small, 12 — 15 pairs; spikes 2- 
coloured : — ... ... ... ... •• ... - . ccelxii — Dichrostachys. 

(II) Stamens 8, 10, or many, anthers without glands : — 

(i) Stamena 10, monadelphous ; flowers in large heads ; pod large, flat, 
iiguiate ; leaves bipinnate, pinnae and leaflets very numerous : — ccclxiii — Parkia. 

(ii) Stamens 8 or 10, free : flowers capitate ; pods thin, coi-iaceous; leaves 
bipiunate : — 

(1) Pod continuous ; flowers white ; unarmed: — ... ccclxiv — Leucaana. 

(2) Pod disarticulating into l-seeded joints ; flowers pink ; thorny : — 

ccclxv — Mimosa 

(lii) Stamens many, free; flowers in cyLindric spikes or globose heads; 
I'javes bipinnate ; thorny trees and climbers:- ... ... ... ccclxvii — Acacia. 

(iv) Stamens many, mouadelphous : — 

(1) Pod not septate between th.e seeds: — 

(A) Pod thin, straight, iudahiscent, or if dehiscent the valves not 
opening elastically, sutares thin : leaves bipinnate ; unarmed trees : — 

ccclsviii — Albizzia. 

(B) Pod falcate, revolutely dehiscent, the valves opening elastically 

from apex to base, sutures much thickened ; unarmed :- 

(a) Le.^ves bipinnate:— . ccclxix — Calliindra, 

(b) Leaves simple pinnate : — ... ... ... ... ccrlxxii— Inga. 

(C) Pod circinate or twisted ; leaves bipinnate ; armed or unarmed : — 

ccclxs—Pithecolobium. 

(2) Pod septate between the seeds, indehiscent, valves spongy or fleshy, 
sutures thickened ; leaves bipinnate ; unarmed:— ... ccclxxi — Enterolobium. 

XLIV.— ROSACEA— 

[AnatoDtical features. — Apart from medullary rays, parenchyma does not form an 
important part in the wood of tliis order. Ttie tribe CHRH^OBALASE.i^—Ghrysobalanus, 
Parinarium, — is exceptional, they have narrow tangential bands of parenchyma in the 
wood. In this respect, at. well as in the more or less zygomorphic flowers of the 
majority, this tribe 8;pproai;be6 LegumiiNosa. In this order the wood fibres have not 
as a rule bordered pits. As far as known, the wood of climbing species has a normal 
structure,] 

(I) Ripe carpels not enclosed within the calyx-tube : — 
(i) Leaves simple, quite entire ; carpel 1 : — 

(1) Flowers usually zygomorphic, calyx tube elongate ; stamens 6 — 30, 
usually 1-lateral ; carpel 2-celled :— ... ccclxxiii — Parinarium. 

(2) Flowers regular : calyx campanulate; stamens about 20 in a regular 
whorl ; nut 1-ceIled : — .. ... ccclxxiv — Chrysobalanus. 

(ii) Leaves simple, serrate ; fruit a drupe : — 

(1) Carpel 1 (rarely 2) :— 

(A) Calyx 5-lobed ; petals large : — 

(a) Style termnial ; stone of drape hard, bony : — ... ccclxxv — Prunus. 

(b) Style basal ; endocarp of drupe coriaceous : — ccolxxvii — Prinsepia. 

(B) Cklyx 5 — 10-toothed; petals minute or 0; endocarp of drnpe 
coriaceous:— ccclxxvi— Pygeum. 

(2) Carpels usually 5, free or connate below ; fruit a capsule : — 

(A) Seeds linear, stamens 20 — HO : — 

(a) Flowers corymbose, small, white or pink: — ... coclxxviii— Spiraea. 

(b) Flowers solitary or few, large (usually doable), yellow: — 

ccclxxxi — Kerria. 

(B) Seeds winged ; stamens 10 in 2 rows ; flowers white, 1 —3 on tlie 
pedicel: — ... ... ccclxsxii — Quillaja. 



KKY T.) SUIi-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 151 

XLI V— ROSAC KAi—cont. 

(iii) Loaves simple and lolied, oi- compound ; cai'itols many, forming an 
etaeiio in fruit (lleshy compound diiipe) ; ovules li ; thorny climbers: — 

ccclxxix — Babas. 
(II) Ripe carpels oncloRCd within the calyx-tube : — 

(i) Carpels many free, but when ripe enclosed in accrescent calyx-tube : — 

ccolxxx — Rosa, 
(ii) Carpels connate, forming a 1 — o-celled ovary, more or less adnate to the 
cftlyx-tube which is fleshy in fruit and encloses them : — 

(1) Ovary o-ccUed, ovules many in oacli cell: — ccclxxxiii — Cydonia. 

(2) Ovary 2 — 5-celled, ovules 2 in each cell : — 

(A) Flowers paniclod : — ccolxxxiv — Eriobotrya. 

(B) Flowers corymbose or fascicled :— 

(a) Fruit a pome or berry : — ... ... ... ccclxxxv — Pyrns. 

(b) bruit 2 — 3-cellod with thin endocarp: — ... ccclxxxvi — Photinia. 

(c) Fruit a drupe with 1 — -S bony stones ; loaves cut, toothed or 

serrate:— ... ... ... ... ccclxxxvii- -Crataegus. 

(d) Fruic a drupe with 2 — 5 bony stones ; leaves entire : — 

ccclxxxviii — Cotoneaster. 
XL V— S A XI FE .A G AC E^— 

(I) Leaves opposite : — 

(i) Flowers corymbose : — 

(1) Flowers 5-merous ; stamens 10, filaments winged: — cccxc — Deutzia. 

(2) Flowers -i — ^-^lerous j petals sometimes falling as in a cap ; calyx of 
sterile flowers enlarged and foliaceous in fruit ; stamens 8 — 10, filaments linear or 
subulate: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ccclxxxix — Hydrangea, 

(ii) Flowers axillary or in small terminal cymes, 4.merous, large, fragrant ,• 
stamens 2o — 40, filaments linear or subulate :• — ... ... cccxci— Philadelphus. 

(II) Leaves alternate : — 

(i) Petals a^d stamens attached to cup-like disk, which surmounts the 
ovary j fruit a capsule ; leaves with resinous dots, not lobed : — ... cccxcii — Escallonia. 

(ii) Calyx superior, tube often produced beyond the ovary j fruit a berry j 
leaves palmately lobed : — ... cccxciii — Eibes. 

XLVI— HAMAMELIDACE^.- 
j^.^Tiaiowiical/eatMres.-- Wood fibres have bordered pits on their walls resembling 
CoMFER,!',, and thick walls. Medullary rays are narrow, vessels small, and wood paren- 
chyma of no imj)ortance.j 

(I) Leaves palmately 5 — 7-costate, som.etimes 3-cuspidate, stipules large enve- 
loping the buds ; (lowers polygamous ; calyx 5-lobed ; petals variable in number, 
linear-spathulate in bisexual, rudimentary in female, flowers ; stamens 10 — 14, 
filaments long : — cccxciv — Bucklandia. 

XLVII— RHIZOPIIORAOE^ - 

[Anatomical fetures. — The littoral species of this, together with trees and shrubs of 
other orders, form the mangrove forests, which have a strikingly peculiar character. 
In tne soft mud in which they grow, these species are firmly anchored by means of widely- 
spreading and much branching roots, and in many cases by aerial roots descendino' from 
the brancBes. Thus they are protected against being uprooted by storms and by the waves 
driring high water. The leaves have a very thick cuticle, and other aiTangements for 
diminiahing transpiration, and they are full of water storing tissue. Their structm-e 
resembles that ot plants growing in deserts and vei-y dry localities i and the probable 
explanation is that trauspirat^m i.s cheeked in order to prevent an injurious excess of 
sea water salts in the sap which fills their tissue. Mangrove trees and shrubs have 
other peculiar features, such as knees and other excrescences projecting upwards from 
the roots, believed to laciiitate the access of air to the roots, which are immersed in 
mud and water; as well as the fact that tlieir seeds often germinate on the tree, making 
considerable growth before they fall into the mud of the tiaal swamp.] 

(1) Ovary inferior or ^ inferior ; leaves coriaceous :-- 

(i) Littoral species ; seed germinates on the tree, sending down a long 
radicle, albumen : — 



152 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES^ ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XLVII— RHIZOFHORACE^— cont. 

(1) Petals 4, entire j ovary 2-celled, ^ inferior : — ... cccxcv — Rhizophora. 

(2) Petals 5 — 6, emarginate; ovaiy 3-celled, ^ inferior: — ... cccxcvi — Cerjops. 

(3) Petals 5 — 5, bifid, labes laciuiate j ovary 1-celled, i inferior : — 

cccxcvii — Kandelia. 

(4) Petals 8 — 14, bifid, or emarginate i ovary 2— 4-celled, inferior : — 

cccxcviii — lirnguiera. 
(ii) Inland species ; seeds albuminous, do not germinate on the tree : — 

cccxcix - Carallia. 
( II) Ovary free ; inland species : — • 

(i) Leaves submembranous ; plants quite glabrous i flowers J inch long : — 

cd — Weihea. 
(ii) Leaves membranous J shoots and inflorescence pubescent ,• flowers i inch 
iong : — ... ... ... ... f.. ... •• ••• cdi — Blepharist^mma. 

XLVIII— COMBRETACE.^— 

[Anatoni'cal features. — The plants of this order have phloem on the inner side of the 
wood cylinder at the circumference of the pith, either forming a continuous ring 
(Terminalia, Comhretum, often), or in distinct masses. This interior phloem either 
consists of thin walled elements only {Terminalia, Anogeissus), or is accompanied by 
thick walled bast fibres {Comhretum, sometimes). The medullary rays as a rule are 
narrow; Combretum decandrum, however, bas two classes of rays, broad rays consisting 
of many layers of cells, and narrow rajs consisting of one layer only. Apart from 
vessels and rays, the wood mainly consists of woud-fibres, but a few species (e.g. 
Terminalia belerica) have broad tangential bands of wood parenchyma. Several species, 
climbers as well as trees, have stiands of phloom in the wood. As far as known, the 
strccture of climbing species is normal, but they demanil further study.] 

[Botanical note. — lu this, as well as in the allied orders, R((SACE^, Rhizophorace.35 
MYRTACEiE, the practice of most English text books is followed in describing the calyx 
as adnate to the ovary. In reality, however, what is here called calyx — seeing that it, 
m some cases, bears brarteoles, and consequently- should be regarded as an axial organ, 
or the continuation of the axis (pedicel), which is hollow, enclosing the ovary, bearing 
sepals at the apex, liere called calyx segments. The Genera of Sub-order II, with 
winged fruit, but entirely different in other respects to the other genera of the order, 
should be inchtded (with Eernandia, usually classed in Laueacj:^, q.v.) under a 
separate order, Hernandiacejs.] 

(I) Calvx-lobes valvate ; stainens without glands or staminodes at their case, anthers 

dehiscing by a longitudinal slit ; ovules 2—7, suspended by long funicles :— 
(i) Flowers in spikes or racemes j fruit drnpaceous, with leathery or woody 
epicarp, angled or winged ; — 

(1) Calyx limb deciduous : — 

(A) Patois O ; leaves alternate or sub- opposite ; large trees : — 

edii— Terminalia . 

(B) Petals 4 — 5 j leave s opposite, sometimes whorled ; climbers : — 

(a) Calyx tube less than | inch above the ovary: — ... cdvi — Combretum. 

(b) Calyx tube elongated, more than ^ inch above the ovary : — 

cdvii — Quisqualis. 

(2) Calyx limb persistent : — 

(A) inland species ; leaves opposite ; rusty downy s^rmentose shrub : — 

cdiii — Calycopteris. 

(B) Littoial species of Mangrove swamps; leaves alternate, thick, 

fieshy ; glabrous tree :— cdv— Lumnitzera. 

(ii) Flowers in globose heads, fruit small, flat imbricated: — cdiv — Anogeissus. 

(II) Calyx lobes valvate or imbiicate ; stamens with glands or staminodes 
at their base, anthers opening by recurved lateral valves; ovule 1 suspended by 
a short funicle ; fruit a nut crowned by the elongate spathulate calyx lobes ; 
leaves alternate, entire or lobed ; trees : — cdviii— GyrocarpuB. 

XLIX— MYRTACE^— 

[Anatomical features.— Thie order comprises two distinct groups, treated in Engler a. 
Prantl as separate orders, MTRTACE,a; proper have cavities, containing ethereal oil, lined 
with small thin liued walls, in leaves, branchlets, and, generally, all the green parts, as 



KEY TO 8UB-CLAS8BS, ORDERS AND GENERA, 153 

XLIX— MYRTACE^— co«(. 

a rule immediately under the epidermis. In leaves these oil cavities may often be seen 
as translucent points. Further, there are strands of phloem in the circumference of the 
pith, usually without thick walled bast fibres. Apart from the medullary rays, which 
are always narrow, parenchyma does not form an important element in the wood. 
LECYTHiDACE-i; havo no oil cavities and there is no phloem in the pith, transverse bars 
of parenchyma are not unooiamoa between the rays. The chief character, however, of 
the last named order is that the leaf traces (vascular bundles), which enter the petiole, 
separate from the central cylinder some distance below the insertion of the leaf, 
llenoe the tjansverse stiction of a branchlet shows, aa is the case in Dipterocarps, a 
number ot vascular buudlos in the bark. In the petiole and midrib these vascular 
bundles do not coalesce, but remain distinct,] 

(I) (Myrtace/E proper) — Leaves opposite, rarely alternate, gland-dotted : — 
(i) Ovary 2 — 5-celledj fruit capsular, opening by as many valves j leaves 
mostly alternate : — 

(1) Stamens numerous, in a continuous series in a single row, shorter 
than the petals ; leaves small or narrow, alternate j flowers solitary, or crowded 

but not in heads : — ... ... ... ... .,. ... cdxiv — Leptoapermum. 

(2) Stamens numerous, free (or obscurely united at base), shorter than 
the petals, wliioh are attached by a broad base and consolidated into an oper- 
culnm. and fall otf in one piece as the flower opens ,• calyx truncate, entire or 
with 4 minute teeth ; flowers in heads, cymes, or umbels, rarely sesfiile en the 
stem ; leaves alternate ((opposite in 1 species and occasionally on young shoots of 
other species), usually large : — ... ... ... ... cdix — Eucalyptus. 

(3) ^-taraeus exceeding the petals : — 

(A) Leaves small or narrow (rarely large and many nerved), alternate ,• 

flowers closely sessile : — 

(a) Stamens free ; calyx-lobes deciduous j ovary 3 — 4-celled j seeds 

ascending ; flowers in spikes, either terminal or crowned by the 
leaves of the year's shoot: — ... ... ... cdxii — Callistemon. 

(b) Stamens in 5 bundles opposite the petals ; flowers in heads or 

spikes, the axis of the spike growing during or after flowering, 
the fruiting spike forming the base of a new branch : — 

cdxv — Melaleuca. 

(B) Leaves large or myrtle-Uke, penninerved j flowers in pedunculate 

heads or cymes : — 

(a) Leaves alternate (in T. neriifolia, opposite) ; stamens united in 

5 bundles j flowers in axillary cymes : — ... cdxvi — Tribtania. 

(b) Leaves opposite ; stamens free j flowers in globular involucrate 

heads at the base of new shoots : — ... ... cdxiii — Syncarpia. 

(ii) Ovary 2 or more-celled {Rhodamnia 1-celled with 2 parietal placentas) ; 
fruit a berry or drupe ; leaves mostly opposite (sometimes Eugenia 3-whorled, 
and 1 species alternate) : — 

(1) Leaves 3-costate from base ; peduncles 1 — 3-flowered: — 

(A) Ovajy l-celleo, ovules numerous on 2 parietal placentas ; flowers 

small: — .. ... ... ... ... ... cdxviii — Ehodamnia, 

(B) Ovary 1 — 3-ceIled, with double rows of ovules in each cell separated 

again by spurious septa ; flowers medium, pink ; leaves hoary- 
tomentose backed : — cdxix. — Ehodomyrtue. 

(2) Leaves penninerved : — 

(A) Limb of calyx closed in bud, lobes subimbricate, rather deeply 

valvately separated when in flowers ; seeds numerous : — 

cdxvii — Psidiam. 

(B) Limb of calyx 4 — -S-lobed or-partite in bud, not further divided in 

flower ; seeds not numerous : — 

(a) Ovules pendulous from top of the locules ; flowers small in 

trichotomous cymes from the upper axils : — ... cdxi — Pimeuta. 

(b) Ovules from whole inner angle, or from a somewhat prominent 

septal placenta : — 
(o) Ovary 4 — 5-celled ; seeds several though not numerous : — 

(*) Peduncles 1-flowered : — ... ... ... ... cdx — Myrtus. 



154 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XLIX— MYETACE^— co«f. 

(* *) Flowers paniculate : — ... ... ... cdxx — Decasperuium. 

(/3) Ovary 2-celIed ; seeds 1 or few, embryo with large leaves : — 

cdxxi — Eugenia. 
(11) (Lecythiuace^) — Leaves alternate, not gland-dotted, but nsnaliy 
clustered towards the ends of branchlets; ovary 2-or more-celled j fruit hard 
and fibrous or fle.shy : — 

(i) Stamens uU fertile ; flowers in spikes or racemf s j fruit angular, 
fibrous, l-seeded: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cdxxii — Barringtonia. 

(ii) Stamens of exterior and interior circle without anthers ; fruit gloljular 
or ovoid, fleshy ,niany-seeded ;• flowers few (about 3) in spikes terminating leafy 
shoots: — ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... cdzxiii — Careya. 

(iii) Stamens forming a cup, one side of which is very short, the other 
prolonged into a petallike hood over lapping the style bearing anthers at the 
top, the stamens at ihe base of tbe cup being minute and barren; flowers in 
clusters from trunk and branches ; fruit very large, globular, woody, seeds 
numerous imbedded in pnlp : — ... ... ... ... ... cdxxiv — Couroupita. 

L— MELASTOMACE^— 

[ An ctomical features. — Except Memecy Ion, the genera here described have vascular 
bundles, sometimes consisting of phloem only, in the pith, and several {Osbeckia, 
Melastoma) have such bundles (leaf traces) in the bark also. Memeoylon has strands 
of phloem in the wond.j 

(I) Seeds nunnerous ; leaves basally 3 — 7-costate : — 
(i) Stamens twice as many as petals, and equal : — 

(1) Calyx tube clothed with stellate hairs or pectinate scates ; flowers 
terminal, solitary, capitate (.r panicled : — ... ... cdxxv — Osbeckia. 

(2) Calyx-tube glabrous: usually epiphytic : — 

(A) Capsule 4 — d-valved ; flowers umbelled ; lofty climber radicant like 

ivy : — ... ... ... ... ... ... cdxxvii — Kendrickia. 

(B) Fruit a berry j flowers terminally panicled or laterally cyraed i 
shrubby: — ... ... ... ... • . cdxxix — Medinilla 

(ii) Stamens the number of the petals, and unequal : — 

(1) Flowers i — 5-clu8tered terminally, maukf purple i fruit a berry : — 

cdxxvi — -Melasto.na. 

(2) Flowers solitaiy, or trichotomously panicled terminally, violtt or 
purple; fruit a capsule: — ... ... ... ... ... cdxxxi — Tibouchina. 

(iii) Stamens as many as petals, 3 j flowers racenied or in scorpiod spikes : — 

cdxxviii — Sonerila. 

(II) Seed 1 (i-artly 2) J leaves penninerved : — ... ... cdxxx — Memecylon. 

LI--LyTH«ACE^ — 

(I) Ovary superior; flow ers zygomorphic ; calyx 6-toothed with 6 minute 
accessory t?eth : — 

(i) Fl iwers secund in short panicled cymes (rarely solitary) scarlet ; calyx 
curved ; stamens declinate ; leaves dotted beneath ; capsule membranous, ellip- 
soid, included in marcescent calyx: — • ... ... ... ... cdxxxii^— Woodfordia. 

(ii) Flowei-.s solitary or racemed, purple, red, nr white ; calyx spurred or 
gibbous at base on upper side, coloured, limb plicate ; capsule oblor.g. usually 
ruptured before the seeds are ripe, leaving placentas with seeds attached exposed:- 

cdxxxvi — Cuphea. 

(II) Ovary superior J flowers symmetrical : — 
(i) Inland trees or shrubs : — 

(1) Calyx segments 4; capsule bursting irregularly: — ... cdxxxvii — Lawsonia. 

(2) Calyx segments 8 — 10; capsule incompletely 2-valved : — cdxxxi v — Lafoensia. 
(.3) Caiyx tegments 4 — 7, erect, with as many longer and spreading horn- 
like processes Vjetween them ; capsule 3 — 5-valred : — ... ... cdxxxv — Nesaea. 

(4) Calyx segments 6 : capsule 3 — G-valved : — ... cdxxxviii — Lagcrstroeoiia. 
(ii) Littoral trees : — 

(1) Calyx segments 4 — 6; fruit baccate : stamens many: — cdxxxix — Jonneratia, 

(2) Calyx segments 6 Mith 6 intermediate email ones ; fruit a circum- 

sciss capsule; stamens 12: — ... ... ... .. ..i cdxxxiii — Pemphis. 

(III) Ovary infeiibr, adnate to calyx tube; stamens in several rows ; Iruit 
baccate {halaitstium) with a coriaceous pericarp and pulpy seeds : — ... cdxl — Punica. 



KEY TO SUB-rLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 155 

Lll— ONAGEACEyE— 

(T) Calrx tube lineiir, Bcarcely produced above the ovary ; teeth 4 — 6 acute 
persiateut ; petals 4— G. opig^yuons: capsule 4-celled, 8-ribbed, breakinj,' up 
between the ril)S :— cdxlii — JuBeia-a. 

(11) Calyx funnel-shaped, soinetimoa very long tubed, 4-parted, deciduouB ; 
potals 4, on the mouth of the calyx tube ; fruit an oblong, bluntly 4-cornered, 
berry:— cdxli— Fuchsia. 

LIII— SAMYDACfJ^.— 

[Botanical note. — The two j^enera here described are itoluded by Warburi? in 
Engleru. Prantl. under FLACouui'iACh:.t (now included in Bixace^).] 

(I) Petals ; flowers in axdlary fascicles: — ... ... . cdxliii — ^Casearia. 

(II) Petals oreaeat ; flowers in spikes, racemes, or panicles : — cdxliv — Homalium. 

f J V— TURN E RAC E^E .— 

(1) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... ... cdxlv—Turnera. 

LV— FASSIFLORACE^ — 

(I) Flowprs 1-sexual : — 

(i) Male and female corollas dissimilar ; leaves large palmatifid with 
hollow petioles, tafted at the' top of the stem, exstipulate ; trees with milky 
juice — ... cdxlvi — Carica. 

(ii) Male and female corollas similar ; leaves small, scattered, palmately 
lobed, or divei'se with some only palmately lobed, usually with largo circular 
glands underneath and also at the top of the petiole, stipulate ; tendrilled 
climbers: — .. .. ... cdxlvi — Jaodecca, 

(II) Flowers bisexual ; tendrilled climViers ; slipales leafy or filiform : — 

(i) Calyx tube somewhat short, furnished with a single corona of 1 or 
more rows of tiiiform threads tj-om the throat : — ... .. cdslix — Passiflora, 

(ii) Calyx tube elonga^ed (somewhat short in T. manicata), furnished 
with a double corona, one at the throat, the other near the base :— 

cdslviii — Tacaonia. 

LVI— DATISCACE.<i: — 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis): — cdl — Tetramelee. 

LVII— CACTACE^— 

(I) Stems fleshy, various in form, usually much jointed, joints spheroid, 
prismatoid, flat and leaf-like, and other shapes; leaves reduced to spines often 
in fascicles, or leafless : — 

(i) Armed with spines : — 

(1) Stems, or joints, sabglobose or conic, with numerous prominent 
ribs armed at regular distances with fascicles of stiff spines ; flowers in hemis- 
pheric or cylindric heads emerging fro u a muss of bristly wool and slender 
spines ; perianth segments mostly pctaloid ; style with 5-rayed stigma : — 

cdli — MelocactuB. 

(2) Stems, or joints, mostly angular, or cylindric and ribbed or fluted, 
armed with cushion-like tufts of spines at regular intervals along the ridges or 
angles of the stem ; flowers large, arising from spinous fascicles or indentures 
on angles ; calyx-tube funnel-shaped, usually spinous ; statneos numerous, 
united only at base, neai-ly as long as petils ; style slender thread-like, exceeding 
stamens: — ... -■■ ... ... ••■ ... ... cdlii — Cereus. 

(3) Stems, or joints, short, round, woody, with flat leaf-like branches 
armed with tufts of bristles and spines at m(jre or less regular intetvals, from 
which the flowers arise ; pi-iianth mostly pctaloid : — 

(A) Tubex'clea on branches mostly armed with spines (except 
0. vul<jari.'i) ; perianth mdely expanded, rose-like ; flowers 
mostly yellow or orange ; stamens numerous free, shorter than 
the. corolla ; and almost as ong as the cylindric style: — 

cdlvi — Opontia. 



156 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LVII— OACTACE^— cont. 

(B) Tubercles oa braaches mostly unarmed with spines : perianth 
erejt and drawn together at the top ; flowers crimson ; 
stamens longer than the corolla, shorter than the style : — 

cdlv — Nopalea. 
(ii) Unarmad, or armed only at the base of the flowers ; stems thin 
cylindric ; brauche.s sho.-r,ly jointed, leaf-like: — 

(L) Flowers solitary arising from extremities of branches; perianth 
segments aloiost all petaloid ; stamens numerous, biseriate : — 

cdliii — Epiphyllum. 
(2) E'lowers solitary, arising from the rounded sinuses of flattened leaf-like 
branches ; calyx tube with small sepaloid segments scattered on it ; petals 
arranged in a rose-like, funnel, or salver-shaped corolla ; stamens attached to 
the orifice of the tube, ojier ones larger than the inner : — cdliv — Phyllocactus. 

ill) Stem \70ody with axillary faaoicles of spines ; leaves elliptic, fleshy ; 
flowers 2 — 4 at the tojjs of braaches, single, rose-like ; calyx divided into leafy 
segments ; petals rosy-coloured ; stamens many, free ; style with a many- 
rayed stigma : — ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... cdlvii — Pereskia. 

LVIII— UMBBLLIFER^ — 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synoi^sis) : — ... cdlviii — Bupleurum. 

LIX-AEALIACE^— 

[ Anatomi:al features. — Canals in bark and pith filled with resin or gum. In many 
Kpecios vascular bundles are found in the pith. The wood is light anil soft, and many 
Hpecies have a large pith, among others Fitsla papyrifera. Young brauchlets are 
almost always dotted with white or light coloured lenticels, as are the leaf sheaths 
and petioles.] 

(I) Petals imbricated (lisrhtly) ; pedicels jointed : — 

(i) Styles 2 — 5, free ; leaves pinnattdy compound :— ... ... cdlix---Aralia. 

(ii) Styles 5, connate ; leaves digitate : — ... ... ... cdlsiii — Pcntapanas. 

(iii^ Styles :i — 5, free ; leaves digitate : — ... ... ... cdlsii — Schefflera. 

(II) Petals valvate ; albu^nen uniform: — 

(i) Ovary 2-celled ; pedicels jointed ; leaves variously pinnately com- 
pound : — ... ... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... cdlxiv— Panax. 

(ii) Jvary i — 10-celled ; pedicels continuous ; leaves not pinnate : — 

(L) L saves large paimatifid ; styles filiform distinct from the base with 
small terminal stigmas ; fruit largish, subglobose with fleshy exocarp :— cdlx — Fatsia. 

(2) Leaves digitate : — 

(A) Flowers in umbels, panicles or in compound racemes : — 

cdlxvi- Heptapleurum. 

(B) Flowers capitate : — ... ... ... ... cdlxvii — Brassaia, 

(iii) Ovary 4— lO-celled ; pedicels jointed ; leaves simply pinnate : — 

cdlxv — Polyscias. 

(III) Petals vilvate ; albumen ruminated : — 

(i) Ovary 2-celled ; styles distinct ; pedicels continuous ; leaves pin- 
nately decompound : — .. ... ... ... ... ... cdlxviii — Heteropanax. 

(ii) Ovary 3 -7-celled ; styles distinct ; leaves simple strap-shaped: — 

cdlsi — Oreopanaxi 

(,ii) Ovary 4— 5-celled ; styles oombined ; pedicels continuous; leaves 
simple, lobed ; — ,- .. ... ... ... ... ... ... cdlxix — Hedera. 

LX-COESACEiE— 

(I) Petals long, linear ; stamens more numerous than petals : — cdlxx — Alangium. 

(II) Petals short ; stamens isomerous with petals : — 

(i) Ovary 2-celled :— cdlxxi— Cornus. 

(ii) Ovary i-celled:— cdlxxii— MaBtixia. 

LXI— GAPEIFOLIACE./E— 

[Anatomical features. — In most genera the wood fibres ha-ve bordered pits. As iar 
as is known, the wood of the climbing species {Lonicera) has normal structure with 
numerous, and, in some species, large vessels.] 



CEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 157 

LXI— CAPRIFOLI kC'E JR—cont. 

(I) Corolla rotate or broadly cainpanulate ; ovary cells l-ovuled, style short 
or Btigma sessile: — 

(i) Leaves pinnate : — .. . ... . ... ... cdlxxiii — Sambncns. 

(ii) Leaves simple : — .. ... ... . ... .. cdl.xxiv — Viburnum. 

(II) Corolla tubular or iiarro-.vly campanulate ; ovary cells 1- to many-ovuled j 
style filiform : — 

(i) Stamens 5; calyx 5-lobed ; ovary 1- (spuriounly 4-) celled; corolla 
tubular 3 cleft : — ... . cdlxxv- Diervilla. 

(ii) Stamens 5 ; calyx 5-dentate ; ovary 2 — S-cefled corolla ; bilabiate or 
5-lobed: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cdlx.'^vii — Lonicera. 

(iii) Stamens 4 ; calyx-lobes 5 linear ; ovary 3-ceIled : — ... cdixxvi — Abelia. 

LXII— RITBIACE^— 

[^Anatomical features. - In most genera the wood fibres have bordered pits, 
exceptioiis are : — Guettarda, Hcmiltonia, Paefleria, McrinrjajDamnacanthus, Psychotria, 
Chatalia.'} 

(1) Ovules numerous, or if few at least more than 1 in each cell ; or if only 
one {Pseu'Hxora sub-genus of Webera), then with S-merous flowers, short pubes- 
cent styles, and stout fusiform grooved stigma : — • 

(i) Fruit dry, dehiscent, or, if indehiscent, separating into 2 — 4 several 
seeded cocci (rarely nntlike) ; of if succulent {Sarcocephalus) by the confluence 
of many ovaries in a fleshy receptacle, then the flowers in a den.se globular 
hea,d : — 

(1) Flcwers in dense globular heads corolla funnel-shaped; stigma 
simple, far exserted ; fruit 2-celled, pei-icarp thin, more or less fleshy, endocar 
cartilaginous : — [see also infra (II) — (ii) — Morinda] : — 

(A) Ovaries confluent ; fruit forming thereby a globose fleshy mass:— 

cdlxxviii — Sarcocephalus. 

(B) Ovaries free, but common receptacle flesby in fruit ; ovary 4- 

celled in the upper pi.rt, ovules numerous :— cdlsxix— Authocephalus. 

(C) Ovaries free ; common receptacle dry in fruit : — 

(a) Stigma clavate ; flowers mixed with numerous filiform bracteoles. 

heads ebracteate :— ... cdlxxx- .-idina. 

(b) Stigma mitreform ; heads 2-bracteate ; corolla lobes vaivate : — 

cdlxxxi- -Stephec ne. 

(c) Stigma globose or ovoid ; brads bracteate ; corolla lobes im- 

bricate :— ... ... cdlxxxii— Nauclen. 

(2) Flowers never in globose heads, hut axillary and solitary or fascicled, 
or in axillary or terminal cymes, racemes or panicles : — 

(A) Ovules numerous ; capsule 2-celled : — 

(a) Corolla lobes vaivate ; seeds winged : — 

(a) Flowers panicled without conspicuous bract ; corolla lobes 

fringed:— ... ... cdlxxxiii— Cinchona. 

(i3) Flowers in panicled spikes, subtended by i— 2 conspicuous 

foliaceouB persistent bracts : — ... cdlx-xxiv — Hvmenodictyon. 

(y) Flowers in terminal corymbs : stigma bilamellate, exserted : — 

cdlxxxv {bis). — Bonvardia. 

(b) Corolla lobes imbricate or twisted ; seeds not winged, but 

angular : — 
(ci) Climbers; flowers solitary, axillary, scarlet, 4 — 5-merous ; 
corolla hairy at throat ; capsules somewhat cucumber-like : — 

cdlxxxv — Manettia. 
(3) Erect: — 

(*) Flowers white or rosy, 4 — 5-merous, in terminal 3-chotomous 

panicles:— ... .,. ... cdlxxxvi— Wendlandia. 

(*") Flowers flesh-coloured or lilac, 5-merou8 in terminal 

corymbose cymes :-— ... .. .. cdlxxxix— Pentas. 

***) Flowers vermilion, 4 — o-merous. in terminal S-chotomou" 

compound corymbs:- ... cdlxx.xvii— Rondeletia. 

(****) Flowers yellow, small, in axillary peduncled cymes :— 

cdxcviii— Hoffmannia . 



158 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXIT- RUTIACE^— co««. 

(B) Ovules numerous ; capsule obcordate, girt in the middle by calyx 

tube, the crown dehiscing' by broad gaping valves : — 

cdxc — Ophiorrhiza, 

(C) Capsule splitting septicidally into two 1 — 4-seeded cocci, which 

dehisce ventrally (rarely loculicidal on the crown only): — 

cdlxsKviii — Hedyotis. 
(ii) Fruit fleshy or leathery, either a berry, or drupe-like with 2 or more 
many-Beeded pyrenes : — ^ 

(1) Corolla valvato ; soeda many, small, angled : — 

(A) Inflorescence terminal ; calyx with one of the lobes foliaceous and 

white or light-coloured, very conspicuous : — ... cdxci— Mussasnda. 

(B) Inflorescence axillary ; calyx equally 4— 5-lobed : — 

cdxcii — Adenosacme. 

(2) Corolla imbricate or contorted : — 

(A) Stamens inserted at the base of the corolla tube ; corolla lobes 

imbricate ; flowers orange-coloured, tubular, cymose, terminal ; 
seeds small, CO tyletous minute : — ... ... cdxciii — Hamelia. 

(B) Stamens inserted at, or near, the moTith of the corolla tube ; coi'olla 

lobes contorted ; seeds large, cotyledons often leafy : — 

(a) Inflorescence terminal :^ 

(a) Mowers 5-merous in crymbiform compound cymes • 

anthers exserted : — • ... ... ... cdxciv — Webera. 

(j8) Flowers -i-merous, fertile flowers solitary, males in few- 
flowered corymbs; anthers included: — cdxcv — Byrsophyllnm. 

(b) Inflorescence axillary, supra axillary, or leaf-opposed : — 
('') Stigma fusiforn) ; ovules numerous in each cell : — 

(*) Corolla lobes 5 or more ; ovary 1-celled ; buds resinous : — 

cdxcvii — Gardenia. 
(**) Corolla lobes 5 ; ovary 2-celled: — cdxcvi — Eandia. 

(/8) Style bifid ; ovules 2—3 in each cell : — 

(*) Berry 2 — 3-oelled ; inland plants : — ... ... d — Diplospora. 

(**) Drupe cylindric, ribbed ; bads resinous ; littoral plants :— 

di — Scyphipliora. 
(II) Ovules solitary in each cell : — 
(i) Fruit dry, dehiscent, or if indehiscent, separating into two 1-seeded 
winged cocci or pyrenes ; plants fetid when crushed : — 

(1) Ovary 5-celled ; capsule 5-yalved and -seeded ; flowers 4 — 5-merou8, 
white or mauve, in terminal 3-chotomous panicles, fragrant ; erect shrubs : — 

dxvii — Ilamiltonia- 

(2) Ovary 2-celled ; fruit of 2 flattened, winged, l-seeded pyrenes 
separating from the filiform gynophore; flowers white or flesh-coloured, with 
a pink-starred limb, in axillary and tei-minal panicles ; climbers: — 

dxvi (bis)— Pa3deria. 
(ii) Frtiit baccate, pyncarpous, formed by the confluence of succulent 
accrescent calyces ; flowers in dense sub-globose heads : — ... ... dx — Morinda. 

(iii) Fruit a drupe or berry ; flowers quite free, not in dense heads : — 

(1) Corolla lobes imbricate ; ovary 4 — 9-celled ; flowers secund on the 
branches of axillary forked cymes :— .. .. ... ... ... dii— Guettarda. 

(2) Corolla lobes twisted : — 

(A) Inflorescence axillary or supra-axillary : — 

(a) Flowers in peduncled corymbose cymes ; fi-nit ovoid, smooth, 

coriaceous, 1-seeded : — .. ... diii — Octotropis. 

(b) Flowers solitary or fascicled; drupe with 2 plano-convex, or 

ventrally concave pyrenes : — ... ... ... ... dix — Coffea. 

(B) Inflorescence terminal : — 

(a) Leaves membranous or chartaceous ; bracts at the lower cyme 

branches membranous and more or less sheathing : style twice 

the length of the corolla tube : — .. dviii — Pavetta. 

(b) Leaves and bracts coriaceous (except I. elongate) : Style less 

than twice the length of the corolla tube : — ... ... dvii — Ixora. 

(3) Corolla lobes valvate : — 
(4) Inflorescence axillary ; — 



KEY TO SUB-fLASSRS, ORDERS AND OENKRA. 159 

LXTI~TtUBIACEil<l— con*. 

(a) Flowers Tiiostly solitary: - 

(*) Flowers larjiio, fiale yellow, pendulous, fnimel-Bhapf-d. 
4-parted ; horry large yellow ; leaves usually faBciclnd, 
with supra-axilJary spines : — ... ... cdxcix — Catenbaea. 

(**) Flowers small white, bell-sbaped, fetid : drujje red, berry- 
like, with two l-«eed( d pyrencs, nsually ffrooved on the 
inner surface ; leaves small :— ... dvi — Coproema. 

(***) Flowers small white with villous throat; drupe minute 
with 1 — I plano-convex pyrenes: leaves small; spines 
acicular : — ... ... ... dxi — Damnacanthus. 

(b) Flowers fascicled or in corymbose cymes : — 

(*) Ovary 2-collod ; stigma large, usually ribbed ; drupe with 

1 — 2 pyrenes or a 2.celled putamen : — .. div — Canthium. 

(**) Ovary o-celled ; stigma 4 — Slobed ; drupe larger, with 

4 — 5 pyrenes : — ... ,,, ... ... dv — Vaugueria. 

(***) Ovary 3 — 9-celled : drupe with 3 — 9 triquetrous 1 -seeded 
j)yrenes : leaves distichous, often fetid where crushed, 
with arching nerves and close-set veins: — 

dxv — Lasianthus. 
(B") Inflorescence terminal in 3-chotomous cymes; ovary 2-celled : — 

(a) Corolla tube short straight ; seeds plano-convex : — 

dxii — Psychotria. 

(b) Corolla tube slender, cui-ved; .seeds concave, cup-shaped : — 

dxiv — Chasalia. 
(q) Corolla bell-or funnel-shaped ; cymes often few-flowered, rami- 
fications and peduncles slender; drupe small, pyrenes 1 — 2 
crustaceous, seeds solitary and ellipsoid or two and plano- 
convex ; shrubs fetid when biuised : — ... ... dxvi — Saprosma. 

LXIII— COMPOSITiB— 

(1) Invulucral bracts many-seriate, imbricate : — 

(i) Flori'ts all tubular purple ; leaves usually dentate ; anther base obtuse 
or minutely sagittate : — ... . . . dxviii — Vernonia. 

(li) Florets of the mar^iin ligulate, forming rays ; flowers usually white or 
yellow : — 

(1) Flowers orange-yellow ; heads very large, solitary, terminal ; leaves 
cordate or u.sual]y 3-lobed : — ... ... .. dxxiv — Tithonia. 

(2) Flowf-rs yellow with a white ray ; heads large : — 

(A) Heads in corymbose panicles; leaves bipinnatifid ; arborescent: — 

dxxv — Montanoa. 

(B) Heads solitary ; leaves pin natifid; frutescent: — 

dxxvi — Chrysanthemum. 

(3) Flowers white ; heads very small, corymbose ; leaves ovate-lance- 
olate; scandent : — .. ... ... .. .. ... ... dxix — Microglossa. 

(iii) Florets of the margin filiform ; flowers yellow or white : — 
(I) Pappns present; anthers cleft at base and appendaged at apex : — 

(A) Bracts not scarious, but herbaceous or dry ; flower heads, medium 

corymbose; downy glaridular shrubs : — ... ... dxx — Pluchea. 

(B) Bracts scarious, usually hyaline, or inner radiating : — 

(a) Heads small, compressed, in solitary or crowded globose clusters 

which are sessile on an oblong or cyliudric terminal recep- 
tacle ; achenes large. 2 — 4-aDgled or many-ribbed, ciliated ; 
pappus hah's many, short and unequal ; glabrous shrubs : — 

dxxi — Blepharistem ma. 

(b) Heads small, corymbose; achenes very small, oblong; pappus 

hairs slendt^r, scabrid, often thickened at the tips , styles 
undivided or merely notched ; cottony or woolly shrubs : — 

dxxii — Anaphalis. 

(c) Heads s-nall, corymbose ; achenes small, terete, 5-angled, or 

compressed ; pappus hairs dilated and feathery or bearded 
above ; styles divided ; cottony or woolly shrubs : — 

dxxiii- Helickrysum 



160 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDEKS AND GENERA. 

LXIII— COMPOSITE- cont. 

(2) Pappus absent ; anthers not appendaged at apex ; glandular- 
aromatic shrubs ; — 

(A) Flowers oorymliose : — ... .. ... ... dxxvii — Tanacetum. 

(B) Flowers not corymbose, but raoemed or panioled : — 

(a) Leaves largish, flaccid, usually (sometimes bi-) pinnatisect, 

green or clothed with white or buff : — ... dxxviii — Artemisia. 

(b) Leaves small, stiff, lobed (scarcely pinnatifid), grey — green :— 

dxsix — Grossostephium. 
(iv) Florets bilabiate, one lip oblong emarginate villous, the other fili- 
form ; flowers rose coloured, solitary ; involucre cylindrical ; pappus stiff, 

plumose ; spinous shrubs :— ... ... dxxxii — Barnadesia. 

(II) Involncral bracts 1-seriate, with sometimes an extra but minute row 
outside ; disk, and usually ray, florets yellowish : — 

(i) Heads homogamons ; style tips ovate ; fleshy shrabs: — ... dxxx — Notonia. 
(ii) Heads rayed or disciform, homogamoiis ; style tip truncate, short 
or ; usually scandent shrubs : - ... ... ... ... ... dxxxi — Senecio. 

LXIV— GOODENIACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v., in the Synopsis) : — ... dxxxiii — Scsevola. 

LXV-CAMPANULACE.iE— 

(I) Corolla 2-lipped, cleft dorsally to the. base ; flowers in racemes, white, 
rose, or mauve ; anther.s connate ; capsule 2-valved at the crown : — 

dxxxi V — Lobelia. 

(II) Corolla 2-lipped, tube undivided ; flowers solitary or racemed, scarlet 
or yellowish ; anthers not, or but imperfectly, connate ; capsule 2-valved : — 

dxxxv — Siphocampylos 

LXVI— ERICACE^— 

[Botanical note. — This includes Vacciniace^;, as indicated by Brandis ; Rhododendron 
inclndes Azalea."^^ 

(I) (VacciNiace;e) — Ovary inferior: — 

(i) Corolla campanulate or ovoid, teeth short ; flowers in axillary racemes : — 
(II) (Eeicace.e proper)- -Ovary superior, free : — 

(i) Fruit a bei'ry, rough with tubercles, 5-relled, many seeded ; flowers in 
panicied racemes, white or reddish ; sepals 5-small ; corolla subglobosely cam- 
panulate (urceolate) with a small 5-cleft reflex ed border ; stamens 10, filaments 

flattened ; buds naked :-— dxl (fcis).— Arbutus. 

(ii) Fruit a capsule 4- or 8-celled, loculicidally 4-(or 8-) valvcd ; flowers 4- 
merous ; stamens 8 ; buds naked : — 

(1) Corolla globular or tubular and dilatfed ; flowers nodding, axillary tr 
terminal, fascicled or racemore ; leaves opposite : — dxxxvii — Erica. 

(2) Corolla campanulate ; flowers drooping in terminal racemes ; leaves 
alternate, white backed :-- _. dxl — Daboecia. 

(iii) Fruit a capsule, loculicidally 5-valved ; flowers 5-merou8 ; stamens 
10 ; buds naked : — 

(1) Calyx succulent, in fruit, enclosing the capsule ; anthers with 2 
horns at the back ; flowers small, racemose or solitary, axillary ; seeds snb- 
clobose : •• • ■• •■• •■• dxxxviii — Ganlthoria. 

(2) Calyx not altered in fruit ; filaments with 2 horns divaricate from 
the apex ; flowers small, white, in axillary racemes or teroainal panicles ; seeds 
linear, oblong :— dxxxix— Pieris. 

(iv) Fruit a capsule, septicidally 5-20-valved ; buds scaly, cone-like : — 

(1) Capsule 5-oelled, seeds with a wing-like border at each end ; flowers 
white, in terminal umbels : — dxliii— Ledum. 

(2) Capsule 5 — 20-celled, seeds not winged but often crested or tailed ; 
flowers (rarely solitary) fascicled or corymbose, variously coloured : — 

(A) Corolla saucer-shaped ; stamens partly concealed in cavities in 

the upper surface of the corolla : — ... ... ... dxlii — Kalmia. 

(B) Corolla campanulate, wide funnel-shaped, or cylindric ; stamens 

not concealed in pits of the corolla: — ... dxli — Ehododendron. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 161 

LXVII— PLUMBAGINACE^ — 

(I) Styles 5, dietiuct. ; stigmas subcapitate ; stamens very shortly united at 
their base into a tube witli the corolla ; small shrubs with obovato leaves : — 

dxliv — Statice. 

(II) Style 1 filiform divided into 5 stigmatose branches ; stamens tree ; 
calyx glandular ; flowers spicate : — dxlv — Plumbago. 

LXVUI—M Y RSINACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — Resin cavities and reain duets are found in the leaves 
(wheuce leaves pellucid-punctate), pith, wood, and bark ; probably some species have 
resin cavities or special cells filled with resin in the medullary rays analogous to the 
Wood Oil in the rays of Dipterocarpus alatus.^ 

(I) Ovary inferior or ^ superior ; berry many seeded, nearly enclosed by tiie 
calyx : — 

(II) Ovary inferior ; calyx free : — 

(i) Stamens without alternating scales (staminodes) ; fruit 1 -seeded: — 

(1) Filaments none, or shorter than the anthers ; fruit a globose dry or 
fleshy berry ; inland species : — 

(A) Flowers in dense axillary clnstors ; corolla segments imbricate or 

valvate in bud : — dxlviii — Myrsine. 

(B) Flowers in racemes, often panicled ; corolla segments imbricate 

or contorted in bud :— dxlix — Bmbelia. 

(C) Flowers usually umbellate ; corolla segments twisted, the right 

hand edge overlapping; anthers free ; calyx glabrous: — dl — Ardisia. 

(D) Flowers in sessile umbels ; corolla segments twisted, the loft 

hand edge overlapping; anthers Iree , calyx persistent, hairy: — 

dli — Antistrophe. 

(2) Filaments long, exserted ; fruit cylindric, curved, dr-y ; shrub of the 
mangi'ove swamps :— ... dlii— JEgiceras. 

(ii) Stamens alternating with 5 scales (staminodes) ; fruit yellow 1-3- 
seeded, seeds imbedded in a mucilaginous placenta; flowers vermilion in termi- 
nal racemes or umbels : — dliii— Jacquinia. 

LXIX— SAPOTACE^— 

[Anatomic'il features. — Shoots and young leaves of most genera are clothed with 
flne, often minute, unicellular hairs, which as a rule, are attached in the middle and 
are hence two-armed. Another feature is that of strings of colls filled with milky 
substance, which in some species yield the " gutta-percha" of commerce, accompany- 
ing the vascular bundles iu the bark and leaves. The wood is recognized by numerous 
narrow, often fine, more or less concentric bands of wood pareiichyma, and frequently 
by radial irregular belts of parenchyma surrounding the vessels. The heart-wood is 
generally red. J 

[Botanical note. — Dichopsis is called by Brandis and Bourdillon. Palaquium 
(Blanco). | 

(I) Ovary 4— 12-celled :— 

(i) Corolla lobes isomerous with calyx segments : — 

(1) Stamens isomerous with corolla lobes and calyx-segments :— 

(A) Calyx segments 5, similar: — 

(a) Staminodes alternating with stamens : — ... ... dlvi — Sideroxylon. 

(b) Staminodes none : — ... dliv — Chrysophyllnm. 

(B) Calyx segments 6, of which 3 larger form an outer whorl : — 

dlv — Achras. 

(2) Stamens twice (sometimes thrice) the number of corolla lobes and 
calyx segments. 

(A) Calyx segments 4: — ... ... ... dlvii-- Isonandra. 

(B) Calyx segments 6 :— dlviii — Dichopsis. 

(ii) Corolla lobes twice, or thrice, the number of calyx segments : — 

(1) Calyx segments imbricate, l-seriate; staminodes none :-- ... dlix — Bassia. 

(2) Calyx segments 2-seriate ; staminodes alternating with stamens :-^ 

dlx — Mimusops. 
11 



162 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, OEDERS AND GENERA. 

LXX— EBENACE^—- 

[Anatomical /eofures.— Like Sapotace^, tho Ebonies have concentric bonds of 
wood parencliyma, appearing like transverse bars across the medullary rays ; but 
they are often extremely fine and difficult to see. The wood fibres have minute 
bordered pits. The wood of many species is dark grey, and in the stems of some, 
species, when old, irregular masses of jet-black wood are formed, sometimes 
alternating with strata of lighter colom^ed wood. In this jet-black wood (Ebony) 
the vessels and wood-fibres are filled with a black substance, the nature and ongm 
of which are not known.] 

(I) Flowers mostly 3-n.erons , ovary 3-or 6-celled : dlxi— Maba. 

(II) Flowers mostly 4— 5-merou8 ; ovary 4 — 5-, or 8 — 10-ceUed : — 

dlxii — Diospyros. 

LXXI- -STYEACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — Stellate hairs and flat round peltate scales are frequent. 
The wood-fibres have bordered pits.] 

(I) Stamens numerous in several series ; ovary inferior, 3-oelIed : — 

dlxiii — Symplocos. 

(II) Stamens 10, in one series ; ovary free, dissepiments reaching only to 

the middle J— •• dlxiv— Styrax. 

LXXII— OLEACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — The climbing species of Jasminum have, as far as 
known, wood cf a normal structure ; but the stems are often spirally twisted, and 
in some cases wedges of bast intrude into the wood.] 

(I) Leaves or leaflets penninerved (rarely -Jasminw))* — 3-costate); mostly 
trees and shrubs, or {Jasminum) climbers : — 

(i) Fruit a 2-lobed (1 lobe sometimes wanting) berry ; albumen ; corolla 
tube cylindrical ; leaves simple, 3-foliate or pinnate, opposite (rarely alternate) ; 
mostly climbers : — ,, ... ... ... ... ... ■•■ dlxv — Jasminum. 

(ii) Fruit a bipartite, orbicular, compressed capsule, separating when 
ripe into two sub-discoid carpels ; leaves simphj ; corolla salver-shaped, wiiite 
with a yellow cylindric tube ; shi-ub or small tree : — ... ... dlxvi — Nyctanthes. 

(iii) Fruit a woody capsule, dehiscing loculicidally with septiferous 
valves; albumen O; leaves imparipinnate ; corolla salver-shaped, white with 
bi'own blotches, tube cylindric ; trees: — ,.. ... ... ... dlxvii — Schrebera. 

(iv) Fruit a samara winged at one end ; leaves imparipianate ; petals 
0,2, or 4, trees: — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... dlxviii — Fraxiiaus. 

(v) Fruit a drupe, endocarp bony or crustaceous : — 

(1) Corolla with distinct, or connate in pairs, petals j trees : — dlxx — Linociera. 

(2) Corolla tubular or O j inflorescence usually axillary j trees:— dlxxi— olea. 

(3) Corolla funnel-shaped j inflorescence of terminal racemes or panicles ; 

shrubs: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dlxxii — Ligustnim. 

(4) Corolla thick globular 4.cleft, yellowish j flowers in axillary clusters ,• 

trees: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dlxxiii — Noronhia. 

(II) Leaves prominently 3-costate ; large climber with 4-angular branches ; 
fruit globose, 1-seeded, with crustaceous pericarp i flowers small, yellowish, in 
axillary and terminal trichotomous panicles : — ... ... dlxxiv— Myxopyrnm. 

LXXIII— SALVADORACB^— 

[Botanical note. — In HK. 3-619, C. B. Clarke supposes Roxburgh's Blackburnia 
monadelpha to be the same as his Dohera Roxhurghii ; the following is Roxburgh's 
description, and the two hardly seem to tally : — " Calyx 4-toothed j corol 4-petalled ; 
nectary a staminiferous ring surrounded by the base of the germ j Berry superior 
1-seeded ; seed arilled ; arboreous ; leaves alternate, lanceolate ; filaments united at base. 
A large erect timber tree, a native oi the mountainous parts of the Circars ; flowering 
time, the beginning of the hot season. Trunk erect i bark thin, firm, yellowish-green 
on the outside, in the inside deep red, tinging the spittle with that colour j it is a strong 
astringent j branches numerous, forming a large shady head, leaves alternate, short 
petioled, linear-oblong, smooth, below a little whitish, entire, waved, pointed, five or six 



KEY TO SUIJ-CIiASSKS, ORDERS AND OENKRA. 168 

LXXIII-SALVADORAGEAyE-co/ii. 

inches lonp;, and 1 1 to 2 inches broad ; stipules none. Racemes axilhiry, small, erect, 
frequently compound ; braotes small, subulate ; flowers smtill, yellow, calyx 4-toothpd ; 
petals 4, oblono-, expanding, apices revoluto ; nectary a ring surrounding the base of 
the germ, s^aminiferous ; filauieiits 4, shorter than the petals, hairy, inserrod on the 
margin of tho neciary, anthers oval ; germ superior gloi>ular, style short, stigma headed. 
Rerry vertically compressed, succulent, the size of a lai'ge cherry, when ripe it has a 
deep purple bloom which makes it very inviting to tho eye j seed 1, seemingly 2-lobed, 
of a lively purple throughout.] 

Observati(m : — The wood of the tree is white, close-grained and durable j the natives 
employ it for a variety of purposes. " 

(I) Unarmed; Ovary 1-celled ; trees:— ... 

(i) Corolla gamopetalous : — ... ... ... ... dlxxvi — Salvadora. 

(ii) Petals free : — ... ... ... ... dlxxv— Dobera. 

(II) Armed ; ovary 2-celIed : petals free i sarmentose ahrab : — dlsxvii — Azima. 

LXXI 7-APOCYNACEyE— 

[Anatoynical features. — The vascular bundles are bicollateral, consequently phloenm is 
found on the outer edge of tho pith. Most species have milky juice, which is 
contained in non-articulated laticiferous tubes in the pith and bark, and accompanying 
the nerves in the leaves. The milk of several species yield " Caoutcliouc". The vessels 
in the wood are usually arranged in longer and shorter radial lines. Many of tho 
climbing species have wood of normal structure with largo vessels ; some, however, are 
abnormal, the wood having furrows filled up with phloeum ,• while in other species the 
stem consists of numerous more or less radial wedges of wood, separated by phloeum.] 

(I) Anther, cells rounded at base, not conniving in a cone around, and adher- 
ing to, the stigma : — 

(i) Carpels connate, forming a l-or2-celled ovai-y , seeds witliout wing or 
hairs: — 

(1) Armed with spines; flowers Jasmiue-Iike ; fruit a black berry, 

1 — 4-seeded : — .. ... ... ... ... dlxxx — Carissa. 

(2) Unarmed ; climbers or sarmentose shrubs : — 

(A) Flowers large, yellow or orange, bell-to funnel-shaped, many 

on terminal peduncles; leaves 3 — 4-whorled : — dciii — AUamanda. 

(B) Flowers medium, Avhite or yellowish, salver-abaped in terminal 
cymes; leaves opposite : — ... ... dxcvii — Landolphia. 

(C) Flowers small, yellow, salver-shaped, in axillary trichotomons 

cymes ; leaves opposite : ... ... dlxxxviii — Chilocarpus 

(ii) Carpels more or less distinct : — 

(1) Calyx eglandular within ; flowers salver-shaped : — 

(A) Leaves usually whorled ; disk cup-shaped ; flowers white or pink, 

corymbose, lateral : — ... ... ... dlxxxi — Ravwolfla. 

(B) Leaves opposite ; flowers white, small, in terminal, subterminal 

or axillary cymes ; fruit of 2 oblique or recurved 1 — 2-8eeded 
fleshy berries : — ... .. ... ••- dlxxxii — Hunteria. 

(C) Leaves alternate ; branches thick : — 

(a) Venation of leaves in coUSf icuous ; floweis white with red tube- 

mouth, large, in terminal cymes; seeds 1 — 2 compressed, 
peltately attached to placentas : — ... ... dlxxliii — Cerbera. 

(b) Venation of leaves prominent ; flowers, white, yellowish, 

rose-purple, or variegated, in terminal cymes ; fragrant ; seeds 
many, winged: — dlxxxviii — Plnmeria. 

(2) Calyx glandular within, or if {Taberncemontana) eglandular, then 

the fruit follicular : — 

(A) Leaves alternate ; flowers yellow, fnnnei-shaped, large, in terminal 

cymes ; fruit turbinate, seeds 2 — 4: — ... dlxxxv — Thevetia. 

(B) Leaves whorled (rarely in Ochrosia alternate); flowers salver 

shaped, usually white (rarely pink) : — 
(a) Flowers in terminal cymes ; corolla lobes overlapping to the right; 
fruit of, usually 2, bright yellow drupes ; trees of salt 
marshes: — dlxxxiv — Ochrosia. 

11-A 



164 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXXlY—AFOCYNAC^JE—cont. 

(b) Flowers in lateral cymes towards the end of branches; corolla 
lobes overlapping to the left ; fruit of 2 slender follicles ; inland 
trees and shrubs: — ... ... ... ... dxo — Alstonia. 

(C) Leaves opposite, or if (Ellertonia) 2 — 4-whorled, then climbing: — 

(a) Climbing or twining shrubs : — 

(a) Flowers white, salver-shaped, in subterminal cymes ; frnit 

follicular with many-seriate winged seeds : — dlxxxix Ellertonia. 

(/3) Flowers blue or white, rather large, salver-shaped, axillary, 
solitary ; frait follicular with 2-8eriate seeds, truncate at 
both ends: — ... ... ... ... ... dlxxxvii — Viaca. 

(b) Erect trees and shrubs : — 

(a) Corolla lobes overlapping to the right ; flowers pink, salver- 
shaped, in terminal cymes ; frnit of 1 — 2 obovoid fleshy or 
coriaceous carpels, l--2-seeded : — ... ... dlxxxvi — Kopsia. 

(j8) Corolla-lobes overlapping to the left; flowers white, salver- 
shaped, in axillary or terminal cymes; fruit of 2 follicles : — 
(*) Stamens near base of tube ; follicles elongate, incurved ; 

seeds with a coma of hairs :.. ... ... dxcii — Holarrhena. 

(**) Sta.Tiens at or above the middle of the fcubu ; follicles ov- 
oid, oblong, or reniform, fleshy or coriaceous; seeds in an 
orange coloured aril : — ... ... dxciii — Tabernajmontana. 

(II) Antlieis conniving in a cone around the stigma and adhering to it, each 
cell produced downwards into a subulate empty spur ; ovary of 2 distinct carpels, 
united by the style ; fruit of 2 follicles ; seeds hairy at one or both ends : — 
(i) Corolla tube with 5 — 10 scales or processes in the throat : — 

(1) Leaves 3 — 4-whorled follicles ; erect ; flowers white, pink, or red, 
(often double), salver-shaped, in racemose cymes ; corolla lobes short, overlapping 

to the right ; shrubs: — dxcvii--Nerinm. 

(2) Leaves opposite : — 

(A) Follicles erect ; flowero salver-shaped, white, yellow , or red, 

in terminal or subaxiUary cymes ; corolla lobes short, over- 
lapping to the left ; trees: — dxcvi— Wrightia. 

(B) Follicles divaricating ; climbers or sarmentose shrubs: - 

(a) Flowers funnel-shaped with campanulate throat, white or pink, 

in terminal 2-chotomons cymes ; corolla lobes broad twisted r — 

dxoix — Roupellia. 

(b) Flowers funnel-shaped with companulate throat, white, pink, 

or yellow, often variegated, interroinal cymes; corolla lobes 
produced in twisted tails : — ... ... dxcviii — Strophanthas. 

(ii) Corolla tube naked, without scales or processes ; climbers (except 
Kickxia) : — 

(1) Corolla nrceolate or subglobose with short valvate lobes ; flowers 
small, greenish, in dense corymbosely panicled cymes: — dc — Urceola. 

(2) Corolla large funnel-shaped with campanulate throat :— 

(A) Flowers white in terminal cymes : — ... ... ... dci — Beaumontia. 

(B) Flower white, fragrant, in simple racemes : — ... dcii — Mandevilla. 

(C) Flowers yellow or greenish, in subambellate or corymbose 

racemes: — .. doiv — Ha)madictyon 

(3) Corolla saucer-shaped or rotate, with very short tube ; flowers white 

in subaxillavy 2-chotoniou8 cymes ; leaves minutely dotted : — , ... dxcv — Vallaris. 

(4) Corolla salver-shaped, tube or throat long, sometimes ventrioose 
or subcampanulate : — 

(A) Flowers very large, white in lax terminal or pseudaxillary cymes ; 

corolla throat subcampantilato and long, tube very short., lobes 
overlapping to the right and sharply twisted to the left: — 

(B) Flowers medium :— dcv — Chonemorpha 

(a) Tree ; flowers yellowish in congested cymes ; corolla lobes 

linear:— dxci — Kiokxia. 

(b) Climbers : — 

(a) Corolla lobes spirally twisted, small, shorter than the tube : — 
(*) Dist fleshy, 5-lobed, lining the calyx tube, its connivent 
lobes adnate to, and surmounting the ovary ; flowers 
yellowish in axillary and terminal cymes : — dcvii — Epigynum. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDEkS AND GENERA. 165 

LXXJV— APOCYNACE^E-^;ont. 

(*•) Disk oupnlar hiding the ovary; seeds beaked; flowers 
yellowish-white in slouder, widc-sproauing urmes : — 

dcix — Anodondron. 
(*•*) Disk annular, not hidinjj^ tho ovary ; seeds not. beaked ; 
flowers white, fragrant, in loose terminal anil pseud- 
axillary cymes : — ... ... ... dcviii — Irachelospermus. 

(/3) Corolla lobes 8trai;i;ht, overlapping to the ri^jht, twisted to 
the left in bud r — 
(*) Filaments spirally twiated ; flowers white, in axillary and 

terminal dichotomous cymes or thyrses : — ... dciv — Parsonia. 
(**) Filaments not twisted ; flowers white, in terminal tomentose 

cymes:— ... ... ... ... ... devi--A^ano5ma. 

(C) Flowers small, [mrplish white in paniculate cymes ; follicles verv 
slender, almost filiform ; corolla lobes straight, overlapping to the right, twisted 
to the left but with the tip deflected in bud : — ... ... ... jcx — lohnocarpna, 

LXXV— A SCLEPIADACE^E— 

[Anatomical features , — Thesd are precisely the same as in Apocynacej:, q.v.] 

(I) Filaments usually free ; pollen masses granular : — 
(i) Corolla lobes contorted, overlapping to the right : — 

(1) Leaves alternate, crowded at the ends of branches ; flowers minute 

in terminal dichotomous cymes ; tree:- ... ... ... ... dcxv — Utleria. 

(2) Leaves opposite : climbers : — 

(A) Flowers large, mauve, in terminal 3-chotomous cymes ; corolla 

funnel shai)ed with campanulate throat : — dcxiii — Cryptostegia. 

(B) Flowers yellow, medium sized, rotate, in slender 2-chotomou8 

cymes ; corolla lobes linear twisted :— ... dcxii — Cryptolepis. 

(C) Flowers small or minute, hairy, rotate: — 

(a) Coronal scales long filiform ; flowers in 3-chotomous panicled 

cymes:-- dcxvi — Streptocaulon. 

(b) Coronal scales, short, broad ; flowers in 2-chotomous cymes, 

pui'ple within, green without : — dcxiv — Brachylepis. 

(ii) Corolla lobes ralvate ; leaves opposite : climbers :— 

(1) Corolla lobes glabrons, purple within : flowers small in subsessile 
opposite crowded cymes :— dcxi— Hemidesmus. 

(2) Corolla lobes densely white bearded ; flowers small in axillary 
peduncled cymes :— dcxvii— Decalepis. 

(II) Filaments connate into a staminal tube : pollen masses waxy, solitary 
in each cell (in pairs on the pollen carriers), or in a few genera {Secamone, Toxo- 
carpus, 6e,nianthus) in pairs in each cell {i.e., fours ou the pollen carriers) : — 

(i) Corolla lobes contorted, overlapping usually on the right : — 
(1) Cjrolla rotate : — 

(A) Flowers large (1 inch diameter or more), reddish purple and white, 

in axillary few flowered cymes ; corona low, annular, 10-lobed, 
fleshy: — dcxxvi — Holostemma. 

(B) Flowers medium-sized : — 

(a) Leafless climber (somewhat resembling Euphorbia TirucalU) ; 

flowers white or yellow, in terminal (or at the nodes) unibelli- 
form cymes ; corona cupshaped, membranous, 10-lobed or- 
crenate, adnate to the base of the column : — 

dcxxviii — Sarcostemnra. 

(b) Climbers with ovate-cordate leaves : — 

(a) Flowers green in umbelliform cymes ; coronal scales fleshy, 

hemispheric, cuspidate, adnate to the column :-- dcxxxv- -Dreo-ea. 

(iS) Flowers greenish speckled with brown in corymbose racemes ; 
coronal scales membrjyious, erect, bifid : — 

dcxxxiv — Cosmostigma. 

(C) Flowers small or minute {i inch diameter or less) ; climbers with 

opposite leaves : — 
(a) Flowers in axillary 2-or 3- chotomous cymes ; coronal scales 5, 
laterally compressed, adnate to the staminal tube, tips free : — 

dcxviii — Secamone. 



166 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXXV — ASCLEPIADACE^— cor<t. 

(6) Flowers in umbelliform or racemose cymes ; coronal processfis 

fleshy, adnatf. to the very short column : — ... dcxxiii — Tylophora. 
(c) Flowers in axillary umbelliform cymes ; corona of 5 laterally 
compressed scales, adnate vertically to the backs of the 
anthers, with free tips and spurred bases : — dcxxiii — Pentatropis. 
(2) Corolla campannlate, funnel-shaped, or salver-ehaped : climbers with 
opposite leaves : — 

(A) Flowers large (1 inch or more in length or diameter) : — 

(a) Flowers white, fragrant, salver-shaped with cylindric tube dila- 

ted both at the mouth and at the base, in umbelliform 
cymes : coronal scales 5, erect, often free at tips : — 

dcxxxii — Stephanotis. 

(b) Flowers white or rosy, with purple veins, campanulate or urceo- 

late (rarely rotate), solitary or in racemose or umbelliform 
cymes : corolla ciliate ; corona double, corolline annulai" at 
base of corolla, staroinal of 5 scales, adnate to bases of sta- 
mens, base cordate and 2-keeled within : — ... dccxxi — Oxystelma. 

(B) Flowers medium sized : — 

(a) Flowers pale blue, changing; through purple to lilac, campanu- 

late or snb-globular, with oblong spreading lobes and short 
tube, in few flowered umbelliform cymes :— dcxxv — Oxypetalum. 

(b) Flov/ers greenish white, ciliated, funuel-shaped, with ovate 

spreading lobes and short tube, in racemiform or corymbi- 
form axiUai-y cymes : corona double, an outer annular 5-lobed 
membrane, and 5-cunipressed scales, adhering to the anthers, 
free tipped and .^purred behind : follicle echinate ; fetid : — 

dcxxiv — Daemia. 

(c) Flowers yellow (whitish or greenish) or orange, salver-shaped, 

sometimes fragrant, with oblong or linear lobes, tube swol- 
len below, in sub umbelliform cymes : coronal scales membra- 
nons, largish, notched, at the back of the anthers : — 

dcxxxi — Pergularia. 

(C) Flowers small (under § inch diameter) : — 

(a) Flowers in axillary dichotomons cymes; corolla glabrous with 

narrow spreading recurved lobes and short tube : coronal 
scales minute, adnate to column : — ... dcxix — Toxocarpns. 

(b) Flowers in crowded umbelliform cymes ; corolla with thick 

twisted lobes and usually a short tube ; corona of 5 fleshy 
processes in the throat, or reduced to a double villous ridge 
below the sinuses :— ... ... ... ... dcxxix — Gymnema. 

(c) Flowers in umbelliform cymes : corolla either minute cylindric 

shortly 5-cleft and mouth closed by a brush of hairs, or small 
snbcampanulate with fleshy spreading lobes ; coronal scales 
5 erect subulate, adnate dorsally to anthers : — dcxxx — Marsdenia. 
(ii) Corolla lobes valvate in bud: — 

(1) Shrubs ; leaves opposite : — 

(A) Flowers medium to large, purple, mauve or white, broadly 

campanulate, in umbelliform or subracemose cymes ; coronal 
scales S-fleshy, laterally compressed, dorsally spurred, radiating 
from the large staminal column ; leaves ovate-cordate : — 

dcxxii — CalotropiB. 

(B) Flowers medium, white, rotate, on many flowered interpetiolar 

peduncles ; corona of .5 condupiicate scales radiating from the 
top of the column ; leaves linear-lanceolate : - 

dcxlii — Gomphocarpus. 

(2) Climbers ; leaves oppo.-^ite : — 

(A) Flowers funnel-or flask-shaped with tube dilated, or not, at base 
and mouth, and curvt d or straight, medium to large sized, white, 
yellow, greenish, pa»'ple, or spotted ; corolla lobes broad or 
naiTOW, erect or incurved and cohering at the tips, often 
ultimately recurved or reflexed : inflorescence of umbelliform 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 167 

LXX V —ASCLEPIDAC EyE— con*. 

oymes (rarely solitary); corona annular or oupular, adnato to 
column, 5 — 10-lobod with 5 ligulate processes within : — 

dcxli — Ceropegia . 

(B) Flowors uroeolate or diRciforra (much depressed urceolate) with 

contrafted mouth, medium sized, purple, in small subsessilo few 
flowered cymes ; corona cnpnlar, fleshy, adnate to column, 
spreading, lobnlate or toothed : — ... ... dcxxxvii — Oianthns. 

(C) Flowers rotate : — 

(a) Flowers large, purple, with long, flat, very narrow seaments, few- 

(about 3-) floweret] in sessile umbels ; corona annular, adnate 

to column, with 5-ronndod lobes : — ... ... dcxl — Brachystelroa. 

(b) Flowers medium, white or pink, fleshy or waxy, in umbels; 

corolla lobes often convex, spreading or reflexed j corona large 
stellate: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dcxxxviii — floya. 

(c) Flowers small or minute (^ inch diameter or loss) : — 

(a) Flowers minute in axillary cymes ; corona of 5 erect scales 

adnate to the column : — ... ... ... dcxx — Genianthns. 

(j8) Flowers small, greenish or purplish, in umbelliform cymes ; 
corona white, cupular, toothed or crenate : — 

dcxxvii— Cynanchum. 

(7) Flowers small, purple, in subsessile umbelliform cymes ; 

corona large, stellate : — ... ... dcxxxvii — Heterostemma. 

(5) Flowers yellowish, downy, in crowded axillary umbelliform 
cymes ; corona double, corolline of 5 scales between the 
corolla lobes, stamiual of a raised undulate wing at the base 
of the anthers : — ... ... .. ... dcxxxix — Leptadenia. 

LXXVI—LOGAMACE.^. 

[Anatomical features,— Two gi^onps may be distinguished in this order : Buddleia 
and allied (non-Indian) genera have collateral vascular bundles, and the structure 
of the wood is normal. The other genera have bicollateral bundles, und c nsequently 
phlceum is found on the outside of the pith and (in most species of Strychnos) in 
the wood, on a transverse section as islands of softer texture.] 

(I) Ovules in each cell numerous : — 

(i) Corolla imbricate; flowers in spikes, mostly panicled : fruit a 2-valved 
capsule; — ... ... .. ... ... ... ... ... dcxliii — Buddleia. 

(ii) Corolla contorted ; flowers in cymes or corymbs ; fruit a berry, 
1 — 2-celled with many seeds in a fleshy pulp : — ... dcxliv — Fagraea,. 

(iii) Corolla valvate ; floweis in lateral or terminal cymes ; fruit a beriy 
1 — 2-celled with many Peeds in a fleshy pulp: — ... clcxlv — -trychnos. 

(II) Ovule 1 (rarely 2) in each cell; corolla tube short ; anthers large, exserled j 
cymes axillary : — ... ... ... ... dcxlvi— Gardneria. 

LXXVil— POLEMONIACEyE— 

(I) Capsule S-valved ; seeds winsred : — 

(i) Flowers large in terminal corymbs; calyx tubular .'>-cleft ; ccroUa 
funnel-nhaped, lobes obovate spreading ; stamens 5, at t-ase of tube, mere or less 
exserted ; leaves simple : — ... ... ... .. ... ... cdxlvii — Cantua. 

(ii) Flowers bell-bhaped, solitary ; calyx foliaceous, 5-parted, persistent ; 
stamens declinate ; leaves compound, terminating in a tendril at apex of 
rachis: — cdxlviii — Cobaea. 

LXXVIII— BORAGIXACE^. 

[Anatoviical features. — Stiff l-cel!ed hairs, erect or slanting, walls often thick and 
granular, base oiten large and rounded, are common in plants of this order. Cordia 
and allied genera have also stellate and branched, sometimes glandular, hairs. In 
many cases the rough surface of the leaves is caused by cells of the epidermis contain- 
ing cystoliths, concretions mostly consisting of calcium carbonate. CystoUths are 
often found in the enlarged babe of hairs, and not rarely (species of Cordia) in groups 
of epidermal colls, which appear as white disks, mostly on the upper surfaee of the 
leaves.] 



168 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXXVIII—BOEAGINACE^— conf. 

(I) Style twice forked ; drupe with 1 stone : — ... ... ... cdxlix — Cordia. 

(II) Style bifid to the middle or lower down : drupe with 2 — 4 pyrenes : — 

cdl — Ehretia. 

(III) Style filiform, stigma 2-lobed ; cymes few flowered ; drupe with 4 
crustaceous pyrenes : — ... ... ... ... ... ... cdli — Khabdia. 

(IV) Style short, undivided ; cymes many-flowered ; di'upe scarcely fleshy, of 

two 2-celled 2-seeded pyrenes : — cdlii — Toumefortia, 

(V) Style dilated at apex or above the base ; cymes terminal, 2-chotomouB 
with scorpioid branches ; fruit of 4, more or less free, nutlets : — 

dcliii— Beliotropium. 
LXXIX— CONVOLVULACEiE. 

\_Anatomical features. — The vascular bundles are bicollateral, and the wood 
fibres have bordered pits. The stem of the climliing species has a most varied 
anomalous structure. Their roots abound in acrid milky juice, which is found often, 
but not copiously, in other parts, such as young fruits, leaves, etc. i 

\Botanical note. — The following key, which splits up Argyreia, and Ipomaea into 
component genera, as now usually adopted, is taken from Sir 1). Prain's " Bengal 
Plants."] 

(I) Corolla tube usually uniformly enlarged from base to apex, the 5 bands 
on the lobes rarely clearly defined from the intervening spaces ; pollen not 
spinescent : — 

(i) Yellow parasitic twiners without leaves ; lobes of corolla imbricate, 
mouth scaly ; embryo spiral without cotyledons : — ... dclxv — Cuscuta. 

(ii) Non-parasitic, green leafy shrubs, usually twining : — 

(1) Fruit indehiscent, woody or fleshy, rather lai'ge ; .style short or none, 
btigma a — 10-rayed ; corolla lobes bifid, induplicate — contorted : — ... dcliv — Erycibe. 

(2) Fruit dehiscent, or, if indehiscent, small with thin fragile walls :- — 

(A) Flowers in racemes or panicles ; corolla lobes induplicate — 

contorted : — 
(a) Ovary 1-locular, 2-ovuled ; capsule 1-seeded, indehiscent (rarely 
2-valved) ; sepals, outer 3 or all, enlarged in fruit ; style 
entire or shortly 2-lobed : — ... ... ... ... dclxi — Porana. 

(//) Ovary imperfectly 2-locular, 4-ovuled ; capsule 4-valved, 
1-seeded ; sepals not enlarged in fruit, but bract supporting 
fruit conspicuously enlarged ; styles 2, distinct : — 

dclxii — Nenropeltis. 

(B) Flowers in cymes, or solitary; capsnle valvate or opercular (rarely 

dehiscing irregularly) : — 
(a) Styles 2, free or partly united below ; sejDals not (or slightly 
only) enlarged in fruit ; bracts small or wanting:: — 
(a) Corolla lobes imbricate ; flowers axillary, solitary ; stamens 
exserted : styles quite free, stigmas globose ; capsule 1- 
locular, 4-valved, 1-seeded: — ... ... ... dclxiv — Cressa. 

(|3) Corolla lobes induplicate-contorted ; flowers subcapitately 
cymose; stamens not exserted : styles usually partlyunited 
below, stigmas 2 capitate ; capsule irregularly dehiscent, 
splitting into many vertical segments : — ... dclxii — Bonamia 

(Breweria). 
(b) Style entire, stigmas usually 2 : — 

(ot) Ovary 1-locular ; capsule 4-valved, S-seeded ; stigmas short, 
oblong ; calyx lobes not enlarged ; bract not enveloping the 
calyx j pollen polyhedral : — ... ... ... dclx — Hewittia. 

(0) Ovary 2- (sometimes 4-)locular ; outer sepals (3) not larger 
than the 2 inner, nor decurreut on the peduncle : — 
(*) Stigmas elongated, elliptic ; ovary 2-locular, 4-ovuled ; 
capsule ^-(rarely 4-) valved ; hairs 3-to many-branched : — 

dclix — Jacqnemontia. 
(* *) Stigmas globose : — 

(t) Capsule 4-valved, ovary 2-(often 4«) locnlar, fruiting 
sepals not enlarged ; bands of corolla usually with 5 
purple lines ; stems not winged : — .. dclviii — Merremia 

(Ipomtea 2038, 2044, 2045, 2048). 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND OENERA. l69 

LXXIX— CONVOLVULACE^K— c<wt. 

(t t) CapBule with circum8oi«8ile dehiKcenco ; ovary 2-locnlar ; 
f'laitiDg sepals considerably enlarged ; bands of corolla 
without lines j stemB winged : — ... dclviii — Operciilina 

(Ipomioa 204G). 
(II) Corolla tube not uniformly enlarged from base to apex, the 5 bands on 
the lobes clearly defined by 2 prominent lines ; pollen epinescent : — 

(i) Fruit dehiscent, or, if indehiscent, then with thin fragile walls : — 
(1) Stamens arising directly from the corolla tube : — 

(A) Corolla more or less campanulate ; calyx lobes uevor aristate ; 

inflorescence never scorpioicl ; stamenH not exaerted : — 

dclviii— IpomiEa-(IpomEea 2017,2019, 203.3, 2041, 2043, 2017, 2052). 

(B) Corolla more or less hypocrateriform ; calyx lobes aristate, or, if 

obtuse, the inflorescence scorpioid ; stamens exserted:-- 

(a) Flowers rather small, pink [more commonly scarlet and crimson, 
often orange, yellow, white or variegated], slightly irregular : — 

dclviii — Quamoclit (Ipomiea 2018, 2019). 

(b) Flowers large, white or purple, never pink, quite regular : — 

dclviii — Calonyction (Ipomaja 2015, 2016). 
(ii) Fruit indehiscent, woody, or mealy, or fleshy : — 

(1) Fruit woody j stjgmas elliptic-oblong ,• corolla hypocrateriform ; — 

dclv — Eivea. 

(2) Fruit mealy or fleshy j stigmas globose j corolla not (or very rarely) 
bypocrateinform : — 

(A) Sepals large, orticular, accrescent, mucilagiaous, ultimately Com- 

pletely enveloping the fruit : — .. dclvi — Stictocardia (Argyreia 

1992). 

(B) Sepals small, ovate or narrow-oblong, leathery, ultimately dry, not 

enlarging so as to envelope fruit : — 

(a) Ovarj^ 4-celled: — ... dclvi... Argyreia (Argyreia other than 1092.) 

(b) Ovary 2-celled — ... ... .. ... dclvi — Lettsonvia. 

LXXX— SOLANACK^,— 

[Anatomical Jeafures. — In this order, in the circumference of the pith there is a 
continuous or interrupted ring of phlceum, often with bast fibres.] 

(I) Fruit indehiscent, a berry with many compressed sutdiscoid seeds ; 
embryo curved or subspiral ; corolla lobes valvate or plaited : — 
(i) Corolla rotate or wide campanulate : — 

(1) Anthers connivent in a cone longer than the filaments, not dehiscing 
throughout their length, but by apical pores or short slits ; flowers in racemose 
or diohotomous cymes, lateral or terminal : — 

(A) Leaves alternate or subopposite in equal pairs ; flowers mostly 

rotate: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dclxvi — Solanum. 

(B) Leaves in unequal pairs ; flowers small campanulate, secund: — 

dclxvii — Cyphoinaudra. 

(2) Anthers not connivent in a cone, nor longer than filaments, dehiscing 
throughout their length by latei'al slits ; flowers solitary or in pairs ; calyx in 
fruit small : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... dclxviii — Capsicum. 

(ii) Corolla urceolate ; anthers not connivent in a cone ; calyx in fiuit en- 
larged overtopping the berry ; flowers clustered, snbsessile : — ... dolxix — Withania. 

(iii) Corolla funnel shaped ; anthers not connivent in a cone, but versatile 
opening lengthwise : — 

(1) Calyx surrounding the fleshy 4-celled fruit ; leaves somewhat fleshy, 
clustered near the ends of branches ; flowers large, yellow, solitary, terminal : — 

dclxx — SoJandra. 

(2) Calyx enclosing the dark coloured 1 — 2-celled berry ; leaves alter- 
nate ; flowers medium, white, yellow, orange, red, or purple, usually fragrant, 
in corymbose or panicled cymes or fascictes, axillary and terminal: — 

dclxxiii — Cestruni. 

[Botanical note. — Apart from the Brugmansia section, Hooker, Roxburgh and others 

call the Indian Daiurag, "coarse rank-scented annual herbs "; they are commonly 

found as medium sized woody shrubs, and have been found 20 feet high with a stem 

of 6 inches diameter, a distinct tree.] 



170 KEY 'TO StTB-CLASSfiS, ORdERS AND GENERA. 

LXXXI-SCROPHULAEIACE^— 

(I) Leaves all alternate ; corolla salver-sbaped with long tube slij^'htly 
dilated at top, limb flat, 5-cleft with rounded lobes ; flowers wbito or blue ; 
stamens 4 anthers conflnent at tips ; style bent inwards at top where divided 
into 2 stigmatic lobes ; capsule leathery or fleshy ; seeds many, )-ather large, 
imbedded ill pulp :— dclxxiv— P.runfelsia. 

(II) Leaves, at least the lower, opposite or whorled ; fruit a capsule : — 
(i) Corolla distinctly bilabiate -. — 

(1) Corolla with very short tube, upper lip shortand truncately rounded, 
entire, lower lip large, concave, slipper-shaped ; flowers yellow, white, or 
purple, solitary or corymbose ; stamens 2 : — ... ... dclxxvi — Calceolaria. 

(2) Corolla ringent, npper lip erect or reflexed, lower 3-lobed ; flowers 
yellow, buiE or salmon-coloured, often with darker markings, usually solitary 
axillary, upper sometimes i-acemed ; stamens 4, didynamons : — dclxxviii — Mimulus. 

(ii) Corolla tabular and indistinctly bilabiate, lobes subequal ; flowers 
crimson or scarlet, solitary or in lax dichotomous cymes ; stamens 4, didyna- 
mous: — ... •.. • • •• ••• ••■ ••■ ■•- ••• dclxxvii — Rnsselia. 

(iii) Corolla rotate: — 

(1) Flowers vermilion, axillary, sul)racemose ; corolla limb 5-clePt ; 
stamens 4, didynamous : — _ dclxxv— Alonsoa. 

(2) Flowers white or bluish, in axillary spikes or racemes ; corolla limb 
4_5_cle{'t ; stamens 2 :~ dclxxix— Veronica. 

LXXXII— BIGNONIACE^— 

[Anatomical features — As far as known, the wood of the Indian arborescent 
genera has a normal structure. Numerous climbers of this family are found in 
America with a varied and anomalous structure.] 

[Botanical note. — The details distinguishing the genera Amphilophium, Bignonia, 
Tabebuia, and Tecoma, have not been available for me ; the species have been placed 
sometimes in one genus, sometimes in another.] 

(I) Fruit a 2-valved capsule, septum in fruit enlarged and deciduous with 
the placentas :- - 

(i) Capsule without wings along the margin :— 

(1) Stamens 5 perfect ; capsule very large, flat, septifragal, seeds wing- 
ed all round except at base ; calyx large, coriaceous ; corolla wide campanulate ; 
flowers Uu'ge, white or purple, in terminal racemes ; leaves bi-(or tri-) pinnate ; 
Trees: — ... ••• ••• ••• ••• • ••• = ••• dclxxi — Oroxylum. 

(2) Stamens 4 perfect, with or without I staminode ; rarely {Catalpa 
sometimes) 2 stamens and 3 staminodes : — 

(A) Corolla salver-shaped, tube very long linear ; calyx small cup- 

shaped ; flowers white, fragrant, in terminal panicles ; caps ile 
flat, septifragal ; seeds many, winged ; leaves bi-or tri-pinnate ; 
Trees- — ... dclxxx — Millingtonia. 

(B) Corolla campanulate or funnel-shaped : — 

(a) Calyx spatliaceous: — 

(a) Trees; flowers white, in terminal panicles or racemes; corolla 
tube long or short, oylindric below, campanulate above, lobes 
crisped, cienate, or incised; capsule usually flattened, some- 
times subcylindric ; seeds many winged ; leaves simply 
pinnate: — ... ... ... -. dclxxxiv — Dolicbandrone. 

(/8) Trees; flowers orange to scarlet, in terminal racemes ; corolla 
campanulate, limb sub-bilabiate with 5 broad lobes; capsule 
flattened, septum at right angles t,o the valves ; leaves 
simply pinnate : — ... ... " ... ... delxxxvi — Spathodea. 

(7) Climbers ; flowers usually purple, axillary or in terminal cor- 
ymbs ; capsule flat, smooth, septum parallel to the valves : 
seeds many winged, l-seriate ; leaves 3-foliate, or conjugate 
with tendrils at end of rachis : — ... dclxxxv — Maofadyena. 

(b) Calyx not spathaceous, but more or less campanulate and tooth- 

ed or truncate : — 



KEY TO SOB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 171 

LXXXII— BIGNONrArB.'E— cowf. 

(ex) Cajisule elongate and flattened ; 'mostly climbers, sometimes 
shrubs or small trees ; flowers usnally large, in axillary or 
tei'minal patiicles, white, yellow, orange, scarlet, jiink or 
purple ; corolla irregularly campanulate or funnel-shaped, 
5-lobed, more or less bilabiate; leaves various, simple 
(especially young) ,conjugate with tendrils, 3-foliate, digitate, 
or pinnate: — 

(*) Corolla lobes crisped : — ... ... dcxciii — Amphilophium. 

(**) Corolla lobes not crisped ; seeds 2-8eriate : — 

dclxxxviii — Bignonia. 
(•**) Corolla lobes not crisped ; seeds 1 -seriate : — 

dclzzxii — Tecoma. 

(•***) ... ... ... ... ... ... dclxsxiii — Tabebuia. 

(j8) Capsule ovoid, not elongated, seeds surrounde'^ by a mem- 
branous wing J climbers; flowers yellow, orange, or red in 
secuud leaf-opposed racemes ; corolla funnel-shaped with 
5 equal lobes ; leaves bipinnatisect terminating in branched 
tendrils : — ... ... ... ... cdJxxxix — Ecoretnocarpus. 

(7) Capsule elongated, subcylindric or subquadrangnlar, little 
flattened ; trees : — 
(*) Calyx 3 — 5-toothed,-lobed, or-parted in flower : — 

(t) Leaves abruptly bipiunate with imparipinnate pinnae ; 
flowers bluish in terminal panicles ; corolla tubular at 
base, dilated at throat, limb unequally 5-lobed ; capsule 
compressed roundish ; seeds many, winged : — 

cdxc — Jacaranda. 
(+t) Leaves simply pinnate ; flowers white, pale mauve or 
yellowish, large in terminal panicles; corolla campanu- 
late with 5-rounded crisped lobes ; capsule compressed 
roundish, septum flat or 4-cornered ; seeds many 
\vinged : — ... ... ... cdlxxxvii — He^/eroph^agma. 

i'**) Calyx deeply bilabiate ; leaves simple, opposite or 3- 
whorled ; flowers medium, white, in terminal panicles; 
iioroUa campanulate, tube inflated, limb 5-lobed, sj^reading, 
undulate, subbilabiate ; capsule long, slender, cylindric, 
septum cor.trary to valves ; seeds numerous, winged and 
fringed at extremities : — ... .. ... cdxciv— Gatalpa. 

(•**) Calyx truncate, or subtruncate ; leaves pinnate or bipiu- 
nate ; flowers medium, yellow, mauve, rose, whii.e, or 
purple in terminal panicles ; corolla funnel or hell shaped, 
lobes 5, rounded, crisped, toothed or laciniate ; capside 
roundish (1 Bxjecies very long aud tubercled) ; seeds 
many, winged, 1 — 2-seriate: — ... cdxci — Stereospermun. 

(ii) Capsule with double wings along margin at right angles to septum, 
oblong, flat; calyx large, swollen campanulate, S-fid; flowers purple, large, 
in terminal panicles ; corolla lobes 5, crisped; leaves simply pinnate ; trees : — 

cdxcvii — Pajanelia. 
(II) Fruit indehiscent, subbaccate, pulpy or spongy within, very large: — 

(i) Leaves simply pinnate ; fruit long-sausage-shaped with very long 
stalk, pericarp whitish corky, filled with pulp containing numerous roundish 
seeds ; flowers large, dull yellow or purple with darker markings, in panicles 
from trunk or branches; corolla bell shaped snbequally 5 lobed; calyx irregu- 
larly lobed : — ... ... ... ... ... ... cdxcii — Kigelia. 

(ii) Leaves simple, 5 in a fascicle ; fruit sabglobose with hard woody shell, 
pulpy within with numerous seeds; flowers large, vajiegated with green, yellow 
and purple, solitary on trnuk or branches ; calyx bilabiate ; corolla campanulate, 
lobes 5 unequal, spreading, toothed or crisped : — ... ... ... dcxcv — Crescentia. 

(iii) Leaves simple or 3-foliate with winged petioles, fascicled ; fruit 
elongated and cneumber-or candle-like, or globose, pulpy within, with numerous 
seeds; calyx spathaceous ; flowers white or greenish, solitary; corolla campa- 
nulate with subbilabiate limb dcxcvi — Parmentiera. 



172 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDEfes AND GENEVA. 

LXXXIII— AOANTHACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — The leaves of most genera have in the epidermis of the 
upper snrface numerous conspicuous cystolith cells, usually single and elongated, 
readily visible as raised lines (in Barleria in pairs). Exceptions are in Thunbergia 
and Acanthus. Adhatoda vasica has cystolith cells in the tissue of the leaf, but noi^n 
the epidermis.] 

I. Climbers ; calyx minute, annular or 10— 15-toothed ; braoteoles large, sub- 
ccnnate as a spathaceous epicalyx , floMers of all colours ; corolla salver-shaped, 
tube ventricose curved, lobes 5 rounded, twisted in bud ; ovules 2, collateral in 
each cell ; capsule beaked, seeds not supported on retinaoula (upcurved subacute 
supports):— doxcviii— Thunbergia. 

II. Erect shrubs (rarely, Blefharis, twiners) ; calyx distinct ; bracteoles 
not subconnate ; seeds supported on hard retinacula ; ovules 2, not collateral, 
or if more than 2 (rarely exceeding 8) superposed in 1 row, or else arranged 
alternately in each cell : — 

(i) Corolla without upper lip, lower lip large expanded 3-lobed ; ovules 2 
in each cell : — 

(1) Anterior filaments with an exciu-rent process ; twining shrubs ; 
flowers small : — . ... ••• •.• ••• dccv — Blepharis. 

(2) Anterior filaments without excurrent process ; erect shrubs ; flowers 
large : — ... ... ... •■• •■• •■• ••• .•■ dccvi — Acanthus. 

(ii) Corolla either with 2 lips or 5 subequal lobeS : — 

(1) Ovules 3 — 10 in each cell ; capsule normally 6-or more-seeded : — 

(A) Corolla subequallj' 5-lobed, funnel-shaped ; flowers blue, spicate, 

spikes terming terminal panicles ; stamens 4 didjnamous, or 2 : — 

docii — Stenosiphonium. 

(B) Corolla 2-lipped, large, funnel-shaped ; flowers crimson or white 

in terminal panicles or thyraes ; stamens 2, sometimes with 2 
staminodes : — ... ■- ... ... ■•• dccxi — Uiotacanthus. 

(C) Corolla subequally 5-lobed, cylindrio with a small oblique 

revolute limb ; flowers yellow, in fascicled or panicled cymes 
emerging from large coloured bracts at the ends of the branches ; 
stamens 2 exserted with 2 staminodes ; style exserted, curved and 
bifid at apex : — ... ... ... ... ... dccxviii — Sanchezia. 

(2) Ovules 2 (rarely 1) in each cell ; capsule normally 4-or fewer- 

seeded : — 
(A) Corolla subequally 5-lobed (obscurely 2-lipped in Galophanes) : — 

(a) Sepals 4, two opposite outer larger than the inner two ; stamens 

2, with 2 — 3 staminodes ; often, but not always, prickly 
shrubs : — ... ... ••• ... ... ••• dccvii — Barleria. 

(b) Sepals 5 :— 

(a) Stamens 4 didynamous ; of if only 2 (Strobilauthes), then 
limb of coroUa widely funnel-shaped : — 
(*) Anthers 1-celled ; outer calyx lobes larger than the others ; 
flowers yellow, orange, or salmon-coloured in 4-sided 
spikes : — ... . . ••. .• ■.. dcuviii — Cossaudra. 

(**) Anthers 2-cellecl ; calyx-lobes subequal ; corolla tubular- 
ventricose (funnel-shaped), 
(t) Flowers solitary, often crowded on short lateral branches, 
white or pale mauve with yellow and brown markings ; 
bracteoles very large, becoming scarious, with reti- 
culated nerves ; placentas separating elastically from 
valves from base upwards : — ... ... dec — Petalidiam. 

(ft) Flowers in axillary clusters or short cymes, blue with 
violet markings; bi-acts and bracteoles linear; placentas 
not separating elastically from valves : — 

doxcix — Calophanes. 
(ttt) Flowers capitate, in strobiliform or interrupted spikes, 
or panicled, blue, purple, yellow or white ; bracts and 
bracteoles large or small, persistent or deciduous ;— 

dciii — Strobilauthes. 



K?Y TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS ANT) GENERA. 173 

LXXXIII— ACANTHACE^— co,if. 

(j8) Stamens 2 ; corolla with long 8leuder tube, almost salver- 
shaped : — 
(*) Bracts usually large (rarely small) and much exceeding the 
calyx ; corolla lobes obovate, and twisted to the left in 
bud ; flowers blue or rosy, in linear spikes, more rarely 
dense and capitate :— - ... ... ... dcci — Daedalacanthus. 

(**) Bracts and bracteoles linear, small ; corolla lobes imbricate 
in bud ; flowers white, pink, red, lilac, purple, or plue, 
often spotted with purple or brown, in spikes or racemes, 
lax or dense, simple or compound ; leaves often diversely 
variegated in the cultivated species: — ... dccx — Eranthemum. 
(B) Corolla distinctly 2-lipped : — 

(a) Stamens 4 didynamous, anthers 1-celled ; flowers red or scailet 

in -i-sided spikes ; corolla lower lip with central lobe much 
larger than lateral ; bracts somewhat membranous : — 

dccix — Aphelandra. 

(b) Stamens 4 didynamous, anthers 2-celled ; flowers large purple, 

in hairy terminal spikes ; corolla posterior lip shortly bifid, 
anterior of 3 short emarginate lobes; bracts prominent, 
elliptic: — ... ... ... ■• ... dcciv— Calacanthus. 

(c) Stamens 2 : — 

(a) Anther cells placed 1 higher than the other : — 

(*) .Vnther cells, at least the lower, with a white basal spm-.like 

appendage : — 

(t) Style shortly bifid ; corolla tube short, hardly longer (or 

shorter) than the limb ; flowers usually white or pink 

with purple spots, in spikes or panicles : — dcxii — Justicia. 

(tt) Style simple, but stigma sometimes bilobed or bila- 

mellate ; corolla tube long : flowers mostly scarlet, 

sometimes flesh-pink, in terminal thyrses or spikes : — 

dccxiii — Jacobinia. 
(**) Anther cells not spm-red :— 

(t) Corolla tube short, upper lip not acuminate ; flowers white 

spotted with rose, or creamy, in terminal spikes, often 

several together, or capitate : — ... dccxiv — Adhatoda. 

(tt) Corolla tube long, upper lip acuminate but sometimes 

also bifid at tip; flowers white, in terminal panicles : — 

dccxv — Rhinacanthus 
(^) Anther cells parallel on the same level : — 

(♦) Corolla salver-shaped, tube long filiform, upper lip narrow 
and shortly bifid, lower 3-lobes pendent ; flowers blue in 
dense somewhat 4-sided terminal spikes ; bracts large, 
imbricate, somewhat 4-ranked : — ... dccxvi — Ecbolium. 

(**) Corolla cylindric and curved, tube long but not filiform, 
limb small in comparison, upper lip arched, lower 3-fid : 
flowers crimson or purple, in terminal racemes ; bracts 
and bracteoles very small; leaves variegated : — 

dccxvii — Graptophyllum. 
LXXXIV— ]SIYOPOEACB^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v., in the Synopsis) ; shi'ubs ; flowers small, 
white, in axillary clusters ; corolla bearded : — ... ... ... dccxix — Myoporum, 

LXXXV— VERBENACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — As far as known, the Indian climbing species, except Congea, 
have normally built wood with large vessels. The stem of Avicennia has an entirely 
abnormal structure.] 

[Botanical note. — According to Hooker and others Stachytarpheta iridica is a " herb 
about 1 — 2 feet high " ; it is a common woody shrub 3 — 8 feet high usually densely 
branched low down, but sometimes with more of a bole 3 — 4 inches in diameter. There 
seem to be four distinct varieties of Avicennia officinalis : (1) (typica) ; leaves oblong 
obtuse 1" — 2^" X I" — 1", nerves 6 pairs, not very regular, spreading, then arching and 



174 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXXXV— VERBEl!JACE^— cont. 

finally looping ; branchlets square ; bark grey, exfoliating in thiu papery flakes leaving 
a bright green inner bark exposed ; (2) (melanopbloea ?) ; leaves orbicular-ovate obtuse 
2" — 21" xl" — 2", nerves as in (1), branohlets compressed, bark black smooth; (3) 
(alba ?); leaves lanceolate acute, 2\" — 4" x f " — If*, nerves 10 pairs regular sub- 
opposite, obliquely arching and not looping ; branchleta compressed, bark brown 
smooth ; and (4) (acuminata ?), differing from the last merely in having finely acuminate 
(sub. caudate) leaves 1|" — Sf x |" — 11", The flowers of the two last are much 
smaller than the other two.] 

(I) Inflorescence centripetal, the lowest flowers opening first; leaves simple, 
opposite or whorled : — 

(i) Inflorescence of dense spikes of oblique salver-shaped flowers, rarely 
{Livpia, the species here incladed) in terminal panicles : — 

(1) Spikes capitate, ovoid or cylindric ; flowers purple, pink, white, 
yellow, orange, or of these colours mixed ; calyx small ; stamens 4- ; fruit succulent 

or leathery ; leaves aromatic with characteristic odour : — ... ... dccxx — Lantana. 

(2) Spikes (normally as above, but in the species here included) extended 
into terminal panicles ; flowers very small, whitish, mauve, or lilac ; calyx small; 
fruit dry, partially dehiscent; leaves (in this species) 3- whorled, scented of 
lemon: — ... ... ... ... •-. ... ••• •■• ••• dccxxi — Lippia. 

(3) Spikes long slender, terminal; calyx narrowly cylindric, 5-ribbed : — 

(A) Stamens 4 diadelphous ; bracts much shorter than calyx ; flowers 

pink-purple: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dccxxii — tiouchea. 

(B) Stamens 2 with 2 staminodes ; bracts usually as long as calyx ; 

flowers blue, indigo or rosy-pink : — ... dccxxiii — Stachytarpheta. 

(ii) Inflorescence racemose : — 

(1) Frait fleshy, a drupe with two 2-seeded pyrenes : — 

(A) Tall trees ; flowers mostly white, small, bracteolate ; corolla sub- 

eqiially 5-parted ; calyx cup-shaped or tubular, persistent and 
surrounding tVie drupe ; stamens 5, sub-eqnal, or 1 shorter, or 
reduced to a stamiuode : — ... ... ... dccxxviii — Citharexylum. 

(B) Tall shrabs or small tiees ; flowers blue or white ; corolla unequally 

5-parted, tube much larger than calyx ; stamens 4 didynamous; 
drupe golden-coloured : — - ... ... dccxxvii — Duranta. 

(2) Fruit a capaale, enveloped in the calyx and covered by its bent- 
down teeth, 2-cells, each cell with 1 large seed ; climbers ; flowers violet, sub- 
tended by a 3-leaved blue persistent epicalyx ; corolla tube short, cylindric, 
limb spreading with 5 roimdish lobes; stamens 4; ovary on a sub-cylindric 
gynophore : — ■ ... dccxxxiii — Petrasa. 

(II) Inflorescence centrifugal, cymose : — 

(i) Cymes lax, paniculate ; mostly trees and shrubs : — 
(1) Fruit indehiscent, containing 1 — 4 pyrenes. 

(A) Corolla regular ; stamens isomerous, equal ; leaves simple : — 

(a) Calyx small, unaltered in fruit ; corolla purple or red, tubular 

with 4 sub-quadrate oblong patent lobes ; drupe very small 

with four 1- seeded pyrenes: — ... ... .. dccxiiv— Callicarpa. 

(b) Calyx accrescent in, and enclosing, the fruit; corolla white, with 

short tube and a 5 — 6-eqnally-lobed spreading limb ; drupe 
large with one 4-celled pyrene : — ... ... dccsxv — Tectona. 

(H) Corolla 2-lipped ; stamers 4 didynamous : — 

(a) Drupe with one 4-celled pyrene : — 
(a) Leaves simple, entire or toothed : — 

(*) Flowers large, yellow or brownish, with sub-oampanulate 

tube: — ... ... ..- ... ... docxxix — Gmelina. 

(**) Flowers small, white, greenish, yellowish, or purplish, 

somewhat salved-shajaed with slender tube : — dccxx vi — Premna. 
(j3) Leaves digitate ; flowers small, white, mauve, or bluish: — 

dccxxx — Vitex. 

(b) Drupe with four 1-celled pyrenes ; leaves simple ; stamens 4, 

long exserted : — 
(oc) Calyx campanulate, tubular, or suburceolate, truncate to 
deeply 5-fid, often accrescent or coloured (crimson) ; 
flowers mostly white, sometimes blue, pink, or purple : — 

dccxxxi — Clerodendron. 



KKY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 175 

LXXXV— VERBENACEiE— co»<. 

(j8) Calyx rotate and widely patent, enLuo <>i uhscuroly 5 — 
lobed, scarlet in fruit ; flowers orange or scarlet or brick - 
red: — - ... ... ... ... ... dccx.xxii — Holmskioldia. 

(2) Fruit dehiscent, a capsule with 4 concave valves and incurved margins 
lioldinf? the seeds ; leaves simple, minutely punctate with yellow glisteninf? 
glands ; corolla with short cylindrio tube and spreading limb of 4 white and 
1 blue lobes : — ... ... ... ... .. ... dccxxxiv — Caryopteris 

(ii) Cynics densely capitate : — 

(1) Cymes 3— 9-flowered ; bracts of flower head large, forming an 
involucre fruit small, nearly dry ; large climbers: — 

(A) Bracts (J, white : — 

(a) Calyx 3 — 8-toothed j corolla lobes 6 — 10, white ; stamens G — 16, 

much exaerted: — ... dccxx.vv — Syniphorema. 

(b) Calyx 5-toothed ; corolla lobes 5 (rarely 6), white j stamens 5, 

little, or not, exaerted : — .. ... ... dccxxxvi^Sijhnodesma. 

(B) Bracts 3 — 4, white or blue ; corolla distincty 2-lipped, white : — 

dccxxxvii — Cougea. 

(2) Cymes many-flowered, densely capitate ; flowers yellow ; bracts 
shorter than the calyx ; caly.K 5-partite with much imbricattid concave Kegments ; 
fruit rather fleshy, partially dehiscent j small trees of the mangrose swamps: — 

dccxxxviii— Avicennia. 

LXXXVI— LABIATE— 

(I) Stamens declinate, 4 perfect, anther cells at length explanate, conflu- 
ent : — 

(i) Corolla 2-lipped, upper 4-lobed, lower hardly longer than npper,some- 
what dedicate, nearly flat j calyx upper lobe always widest, large, ovate, recurv- 
ed, margins decurrent on tube, other lobe narrow subulate, whole calyx deflex- 
ed in fruit ; stigma 2-fid j flowers white or pale-yellow, in spiked or racemed 
whorls of 6 — 10 flowers : — ... .. ... ... ... ... dccxxxix Ocimum. 

(ii; Corolla 2-lii)ped, upper very short obtusely 3— 4-toothed, lower much 
elongated and boat-shaped : - 

(1) Calyx equally 5-toothed or obscurely 2-lipped with upper lip 3-toothed 
and lower 2-toothed, or with upper lobe large rounded and reflexed and the 
othefs narrow subulate, filaments free ; flowers blue, laxly panicled : — 

dccsl — -Plectranthus. 

(2) Calyx very oblique, distinctly 2-lipped with the upper lobe large 
entire inflexed and closing the calyx mouth, lower lip truncate or ouscurely 
toothed j filaments free ; flowers small in dense oblong, 4-gor)al or cylindi-ic, 
spikes, simple or panicled,! purple or blue ; ... ... dccxli — Anisochilns 

(iii) Corolla 2-lipped, upper 2-fid lower 3-fid, lobes all flat spreading ; calyx 
lobes siibeqnal, tube 13 — 15-nerved ; stamens included ; flowers bluish-grey, 
in interruptedly spiked whorls of 6 — 10 flowers : — ... ... dccxlii- Lavandula. 

(II) Stamens erect, spreading, or ascending, not declinate : — 

(i) Stamens 4, perfect: — 

(1) Corolla not 2.1ipped, but lobes 4 snbequal and similar or lowest 
lobe sUghtly different ; anthers 1 -celled,. cells short ; calyx 5-nerved, teeth equal: — 

(A) Stamens exserted, filaments bearded or naked; calyx 5-toothed; 
corolla lower lobe subpateut ; flowers white, pink or purple, 
whorled in glomerate, panicled or solitary interrupted spikes: — 

dccxliii — Pogoatemon. 

(B) Stamens not (or scarcely) exserted, filaments naked ; calyx 5-partite, 
segments plumose in flower and pappose in fruit; flowers 
white, whorled in slender cylindric spikes: - dccxliv — Colebrookia. 

(2) Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip erect, lower spreading and 3-fid ; stamens 
4, didynamous : — 

(A) Corolla upper lip short nearly flat, not woolly ; stamens exserted ; 
calyx subequally 5-tootbed : — 

(a) Flowers purple Jn axillary whorls or lax flowered panicled cymes ; 

nutlets smooth not winged : — ... ... dccxlviii — Anisomeles 

(b) Flowers orange or scarlet in axillary whorls or lax flowered spikes 

or racemes; nutlets winged abovei: — ... dccxlix (his.). — Colquhounia 



176 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

LXXXVI— LABI AT^ -cont. 

(B) Corolla upper lip hooded, long, densely woolly ; stamens not 
exserted : — 

(a) Calyx 8— lO-toothed ; flowers white in axillary whorls : — 

dcoxlix — Leucas. 

(b) Oalyx 5-toothed ; flowers yellow in dense flowered axillary 

whorls: — ... ... . . ... docl — Phlomis. 

(ii) Stamens 2 (with or without 1 — 2 staminodes), ascending or erect j 
calyx 2-lipped : — 

(1) Corolla subequally ^^lobed ; flowers white in terminal spikes of 
globose whorls :- - .. ... ... dccxlv— Meriandra. 

(2) Corolla bilabiate: — 

(A) Flowers white or blue in short axillary few flowered racemes ; 

leaves narrow linear : — ... ... ... ... dccxlvii — Rosmarinus. 

(B) Flowers white, blue, or purple, in dense flowered whorls forming 

racemes, or scarlet in 2-flowered whorls ; leaves broad : — 

dccxlvi — SrJvia, 

LXXXVII— NYCTAGINACE.^- 

(I) Limb of perianth plicate : — 

(i) Leaves opposite ; flowers small, pink or white, in umbels ; stigma 
capitate ; twining shrubs : — ... ... ..• ... -.. dooli — Boerhaavia. 

(ii" Leaves alternate ; flowers in threes, conspicuous chiefly from large 
coloured (magenta, rose, brick -red), bracts, to the midribs|of which the flowers are 
attached ; stigma lateral j large sarmentose or subscandenfc shrubs : — 

dcclii — Bougain villa. 

(II) Limb of perianth induplicate-valvate j seeds with straight embryo and 
short radicle ; flowers small greenish-yellow in panicled cymes ; trees and thorny 
climbers:— dccliii—Pisonia. 

LXXXVIII— AMARANTACE^— 

(I) Leaves all alternate ; ovary 2-many-ovuled j fruit a berry j flowers green- 
ish-white, minute, in spikes : — dccliv— Deeringia. 

(II) Leaves alternate , or alternate and opposite mixed ; ovary with 1-ovule 
suspended from basal funicle ; flowers perfect, minute in woolly spikes ; stamens 

with interposed staminodes : — ... dcclvi— Aerua. 

(III) Leaves all opposite; ovary with 1 ovule suspended from basal funicle ; 
flowers perfect, small, greenish or white in dense clusters ; stamens without inter- 
posed staminodes :— ... dcclv— Psilotrichum. 

LX XXIX— CHENOPODIACE^— 

[Anatomical features.— ^esirlj all the plants of this order are " Halophytes," living 
near the seashore and inland in saline tracts. As tar as is known, their roots largely 
take up salts of sodium, whilst most other trees and shrubs mainly take up potassium 
salts, though sodium salts are always present in the soiV Their ashes are rich in 
sodium chloride, and many species were formerly, and are still here and there 
employed to make an impure carbonate of soda {Barilla, Sajji).] 

(I) Stems leafy, not jointed j leaves fleshy semiterete i flowers minute, 
axillary, usually bisexual ; stamens perigynous or subhypogynous ; seed with 
spiral embryo, albumen none or scanty : — dcclix Suseda. 

(II) Stems leafy, jointed j leaves minute, thick or triquetrous ; flowers snaall 
axillary i stamens 5 or lesson an annular or cupuiardiskj seeds with spiral 
embryo, albumen O :— • dcclx— Haloxylon. 

(III) Stems leafless, jointed ; flowers hermaphrodite : — 

(i) Flowers 2 — 6 together in the axils of the scales of a sessile cone-like 
spike; perianth ovoid or pyramidal, mouth narrowed, 3 — 4-fid ; seeds with horse- 
shoe-shaped embryo, albumen fleshy :— dcclvii— Arthrocnemum . 

(ii) Flowers 3-nate, sunk in superposed cavities of successive joints j 
perianth obpyramidal, mouth wide, truncate or with 3 —4 minute teeth ; seeds 
with conduplioate embryo, albumen O:- dcclviii— Salicornia. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 177 

XC-PHYTOLACCACEyE~ 

(I) CharBctera of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... ... dcclxi— Ririna. 

XCI— POLYGONACE^— 

(I) Flowers rosy-pink or white, racemed, tendriUed at the apex of the racliis ; 
perianth of 5 seji^nients, 3 otiter cordate, 2 inner oblong i froit a nut, enclosed in 
persistent perianth : — .. ... ... ... dcclxii — Antigonon. 

(TI) Flowers white, spicate-racemose, not ten'irilled j perianth accrescent, 
becoming pnrple and flo.sby surrounding the ripe fruit. — ... dcclxiv — Coccoloba. 

(TIT) Flowers white, in latnval fascicles, subsessiie ; perianth o-fid ; fruit a 
beiTv, first, briglit red, then deep purple : — ... ... dccliii — Muehlenbeckia. 

(IV) Flowers white, pink, or purple, capitate j perianth 4-5 cleft ; fruit a 
nut: — ... .. ... ... ... ... ... ... dcclxv— Polygonum. 

XCIT— AEISTOLOC HIACE^— 

[Anatam'cal features. — Oil colls in the parenchyma of the leaves and outer bark 

are common in most species. The wood is very porous, the structure is usnnlly 

normal with broad medidlary rays and large vessels, the wood fibres have bordered 

pits. The radial wedge-shaped masses of wood often appear bifurcated by the forma' 

s tion of broad secondary medullary ra^s. '1 he wood of Bragantia is peculiar.] 

(J) Perianth regolar, campauulate. 3-lobed : — ... dcclxvi — t'ragantia. 

(II) Perianth irregular, tubular with inflated base, limb zygomorphic : — 

dcclxvii — Aristolochia, 

XCin~PIPERACE^5]— 

[ Anatomical jeatures. — The wood is separated by broad medullary rays into wedge- 
shaped masses. Pith large, with numerous vascular bundles, and a hard undulating 
belt, mosth- consisting of sclerotic fibres, on the outside.] 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... ... dcclxviii — Piper. 

XCIV— CHLORANTHACE^— 

.(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... dcolxix — Chloranthus. 

XCV— MYPtlSTICACE^— 

[Anatomical jeaticres. — Hairs peculiar, mostly consisting of one row of superposed, 
generallv branching and often horizontal, cells. The branches, or end.s, of the cells 
spread out in 2, or several, directions, often giving the appearance of stellate hairs. 
Medullary rays numerous, very fine. The bark of most species contains long sacs 
filled with brown or red juice.] 

[Botanical Tiote.— Justly placed near IV. — Axon.\ce.e in Englsr u. Prantl.] 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis): — ... dcclxx — Myristica. 

XCVI— LAURACE^- 

'^Anatomical feature^. — Laurels as far as known, have no heart wood, the timber 
is n':t heavy, not hard, that of many species is handsome, and of some very durable. 
From a forest point of view the order deserves more atteniiou than it has hitherto 
received ; and it should be home in mind that their aromatic essential oil may give to 
somr' species, not yet known commercially, considerable importance for perfumery 
and in other ways. Medullary rays fine, uniform and equidistant. Vessels small or 
moderate sized, uniformly distributed. In the parenchyma of young shoots, of leaves, 
bracts and perianth, as wall as in the bark, and often also in the wood, large cells 
filled with essential oil, and frequently also cells fiiled with mucilage. In the bracts 
and perianth, the oil cells are readily seen as transparent dots. Hairs always 
1-cellolar. As far as known. Laurels coppice well.] 

[Botanical note. — This order is placed in Engler u. Prantl. in the vicinity of 
V. — MEXisPEBMACEi and YI — Berberidace.b.] 

(I) Trees and shrubs ; infloresceEce lax ; leaves not peltate ; anther valves 
opening upwards: — 

(i) Flowers hennaphrodite or polygamous, panicled, exinvolucrate ,• ao- 
thers of 2 outermost rows opening inwards, of third row opening outwards : — 

12 



178 KEY TO SDB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

XCVI—LAURACE^ -coni. 

(1) Anthers all 2-celled, perfect stamens 9, with an inner row of 3 
Btaminodes : — 

(A) Perianth tube accrescent enclosing the frnit: — ... dcclxxi — Cryptocarya. 

(B) Perianth tube persistent or accrescent, bnt only supporting the 

frnit at its base :— 

(a) Berry with the 6-cleft hardened perianth at its base : — 

dcclxxii — Apollonias. 

(b) Berry with the cup of the perianth, without its segments, at 

its base : — ... ... ... . ... dcclxxiv — Nectandra. 

(e) Perianth deciduous, pedicel not thickened in fruit : — 

dcclxxiii — Beilschmiedia, 

(2) Anthers all 4-celled, perfect stamens 9, with an inner row of 
Btaminodes : — 

(A) Perianth in fruit persistent, both tube and segments ,• leaves 

alternate, penninerved : — 

(a) Perianth segments reflexod in fruit: — ... ... dcolxxix — Machilus. 

(b) Perianth segments erect in fruit: — ... ... dcclxxs — Phoebe. 

(B) Perianth tube wholly or partly persistent, sesrments usually 

deciduous ; but if segments persistent, then leaves opposite and 
3-costate from, or from near, the base : — ... dcclxxv— Cinnamomum. 

(C) Perianth entirely deciduous, but pedicel thickened in fruit : — 

(a) Perianth downy, pedicel in fruit large, pear-shaped: — dcclxxvi — Pgrsea. 

(b) Perianth glabrous, pedicel in fruit swollen, but comparatively 

smaller: — ... ... ... ... ... dcclxxi — Alseodapbne. 

(ii) Flowers dioecious, collected within an involucre of bracts j anthers all 
opening inwards : — 

(1) Anthers 6—12 fertile, 4-celled :— 

(A) Fruit seated on the enlarged perianth tube : — 

(a) Flowers clustered, capitate or umbelled, within an involucre of 

densely imbricating bracts ; leaves subverticillate or lower 
opposite and 3-costate ; perfect stamens 6 — 9 : — 

dcclxxxii — Actinodaphne. 

(b) Flowers umbelled 4 — 6 in an involucre'of 4 — 6 bracts; leaves alter- 

nate penninerved, rarely opposite or 3-costate ; perfect stamens 

6, 9, 12, sometimes more : — ... ... ... dcclxxxiii — Lit!»aea. 

(B) Fruit seated on the enlarged peduncle, perianth tube being decid- 

uous j flowers in short loose racemes in an involucre of small 
narrow bracts ; leaves alternate penninerved, sometimes 3-lobed ; 
stamens 9, fertile : — ... dcclsxvii — Sassafras. 

(2) Anthers 12 fertile, -^-celled ; fruit surrounded by the persistent 

perianth with its segments; flowers in umbels of 4 — 6 in an involucre 

of 4 — 6 bracts ; leaves alternately penninerved : — .. dcclxxviii — Laurus. 

(II) Parasitic twiners ; leafless ; inflorescence compact in glomerules ; anthers 
of outermost row opening inwards, of third row opening outwards, by valves, 

all 2-oelled : — ... •• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• dcclxxxiv— Cassytha. 

(III) Trees ; flowers monoecious in threes, with the centre flower female and 
2 lateral males, all involucred in 4 — 5 bracts at the ends of the branches of a 
panicle ; leaves peltate, 3 — 7 costate, alternate ; stamens as many as, and opposite, 
the outer perianth segments which are 3— 6 in 2 series, anthers opening 
laterally:— ... ... ••• ••• ••• ■•■ ••• dcclxxsv — Hernanrlia, 

[Botanical note. — Brandis places Hemandia, with Gyrocarpus, in a separate order, 
as follows : — J 
HEENANDIACE^— 

(I) Leaves alternate, exstipulate ; flowers bisexual or monoecious ; ovary in- 
ferior, ovule 1 pendulous ; perianth of 4—10 segments ; stamens 3 — 5, anther 
cells 2, opening by valves laterally ; fruit often winged, seed exalburainous : — 

(i) Leaves peltate ; fruit ovoid, not winged :— dcclxxxv— Herrandia. 

(ii) Leaves broadly ovate, often lobed ; fruit with 2 long wings at the 
„pgjj. ,^, ,,, .,. ,,. ,., ... ... ... cdviii — Gyrocarpus. 



KEY TO SITH-CLASSBS, ORDERS AND GENERA. 179 

XCVII— PROTEACE^. 

[Anatomical features. — The modallavy rays as a rule are very broad and prominent, 
both on tho transvorso and radial section, the vessels are scattered in narrow bauds of 
parenchyma^ic tissue which run at riLfht anj^les to the rays alt(!rnatiuf( with bands 
of hard tissue consistinf^ of wood fibres. J 

(I) Fruit an indehiscent nut ; (lowers usually solitary within each bract, bat 
forming dense cone-like spikes or heads within imbricate scalo-liko bracts and 
with outer bracts forming aa involucre; anthers all perfect, inserted at the 
base of the short spreading segments of the perianth j stigma terminal, ovule 1 
(rarely 2) : — 

(i) Perianth elongate, unequally 2-partcd, broader segment with 3, narrower 
with 1, stamen : — ... ... ... ... ... ... dcclxxxvi — Protea. 

(ii) Perianth 4)-cleft or parted ; stamen 1 on each segment : — 

dcclx.xxvii — Leucadendron. 

(II) Fruit drupaceous with a thick, woody, indehiscent pericarp or putamen ,• 
flowers in racemes, [ledicellate in pairs j perianth regular or nearly so, small ; 
anthers on short filaments attached below the segments of the perianth ; style 
cyliudric or clavate at the end, ovules 2 : — 

(i) Leaves alternate ; ovules ascending : — .. ... dcclxxxviii — TIelicia. 

(ii) Leaves vorticillate; cTvules descending : — ... ... dcclxxxix — .Vfacadamia, 

(III)— Fruit dehi.^cent, follicular or capsnl .r and 2— valved ; flowers in pairs 
with a Single bract to each pair, rarely {in Stenocarpus) inflorescence anoma- 
lous : — 

(i) — Ovules 2, collateral ; saeds without intervening laminae or mealy sub- 
stance 5 flowers in racemes ur clusters with deciduous or abortive bracts or an 
involucre of imbricate bracts; perianth revolute in bud ; leaves alternate: — 

(1) Seeds without wings, or the wings very short at both ends or annular 
infloreEcence terminal (rarely also axdlary) : — ... ... dccxc — Grevillea. 

(2) Seeds winged, chiefly or entirely at the upper end ; inflorescence 
axillary: — ... ... ... .. ... dccxci — Hakea. 

(ii) Ovules 2, collateral; seeds separated by a hard, usnally woody, sub- 
stance, or by a membrane ; flowers in dense ovoid or cylindric cones witV:out any 
involncre: — , dccxcv— Banksia. 

(iii) Ovules several, imbricate in 2 rows seeds usually separated by thin 
laminaeor mealy substance : — 

(1) Flowers in short compact racemes, surrounded by an involucre of 
coloured bracts : — dccxcii— Telopea. 

(2) Flowers in loose racemes, bracts small or deciduous : — 

dccxiii — Embothrium. 

(3) Flowers in umbels without bracts : — ... ... dccxciv — Stenocarpua. 

XCVIJI— THYMEL^EACE^. 

[Anatomical features. — Bast fibres are abundant in the ba)-k, and tho wood 
fibres have bordered pits. An interior phloem, often accompanied by thick walled 
bast fibres, is found on the outsidaof the pith.] 

(I) Leaves of perianth 4 ; stamens 8 ; loaves as a rule opposite ; style short, 

stigma large globose :— dccxcvi— Wikstroemia. 

(II) Leaves of perianth 5 ; leaves mostly opposite; flowers in dense globose 

heads: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dccscvii — Lasidsiphon. 

XCIX~EL^AGNAGE..<E. 

(I) Ckaracters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis): — ... dccxc viii — ElEeawnua. 

C— LORANTHACE^. 

[Anatomical features. — The species here described are really half parasites, taking ' 
up carbon dioxide through their green leaves and branchlets," but relying upon the 
foster plant, on which they grow, for mineral and nitrogenous substances. When the 
seeds germinate on the bark of a tree, the roots penetrate through the bark into the 
wood. The roots of the parasites thus imbedded decay reodily, and hence the wood of 
the foster tree becomes riddled and worthless. Some plants of Loranthus also send 
ont aerial roots, which twist round the brancheei of the foster plant,] 

12-A 



180 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES. ORDERS AND OENERA. 

C— L OR A TTTB ACEM—cont. 

(I) Flowers bisexual, showy ; petals 4 — 6, linear, usually more or less con- 
nate ; leaves alternate, or opposite, or both : — .. ... ... dccxeix — Loranthns. 

(II) Flowers unisexual, inconspicuous : often leafless, or leaves opposite : — 

dccc — Viscuc;, 

CI— SANTALACE^.— 

[Botanical note. — This order, and the last, are placed in Engler u. Prantl. near 
XXXII— OLA GACE^.] 

(I) Perianth superior, tube adnate to ovary, not produced above it ; often root 
parasites :— • 

(i) Leaves opposite : — ... ... ... ... .., ... dcccii — Santalum. 

(ii) Leaves alternate : — 

(1) Unarmed ; branchlets (1-2 inches long) sharply 3-sided ; male flowers 

in pedunculate clusters : — ... ... ... ... ... ... .. dccciii — Osjtis. 

(2) Thorny ; leaves coriaceous ; male flowers in catkin-like spikes : — 

dccciv — Scleropyrum. 

(II) Perianth inferi or, lobes divided to the broad base or dilated summit of 
the peduncle ; flowers minute polygamous, in little spikes or clusters, each snb- 
tenrled by a scale-like bract which is often very deciduous ; leaves minute and 
scale-lite, alternate, deciduous, or : — ... ... ... ... dcccv — Esocarpus. 

CII— EUPHORBIACE^— 

[Anatomical features. — In species of Croton, Macaranga, Mallotus, and Bomonoia, the 
underside of the leaves is densely clothed with minute orbicular, often shining, scales, 
consisting of radially arranged cells or rows of cells. In these cases (as well as in 
'Elcagnus, Heritiera, and other trees), the closer covering of these minute scales doubt- 
less aifects the transpiration of the leaves as well as the interchange of air. This 
action is probably analogous to that of a dense felt of stellate or other hairs. No sharp 
limit exists between these scales and the flat stellate hairs which clothe the underside 
of leaves in some of the genera mpntioned, and in other genera of this order. Many 
species have a copious acrid milky juice, and some, e.g., Manihot. Hevea, some of the 
best caoutchouc] 

[Botanical note, — Ba.illon and others separate Buxus and Sarcococca and Engler u. 
Prantl. -these two and a few other genera, from this order to form a separate order 
— BUXACE^ — . All Indian genera here described belong to the division of Platulobeae 
fbroad cotyledons), the genera with the narrow cotyledons {Sienoloheie) are limited to 
Australia and South America. Lindley, quoting Jussieu, Adolphe Brongniart, and 
Aaguste de St. Hilaire, considers that the order should bo placed in the proximity of 
XIX — MALVACE^ to which it has special affinitv, though it also has affinitv with V — 
MENISPERMACE.^ and XXXVI— EH AMNACE"^. The order probably wants split- 
ting up.] 

(I) Flowers united in heads resembling of a single flower, consisting of an involucre 
enclosing several flowers withoiit a perianth, the central one of which is a female con- 
sisting of a pedicelled pistil, with several males each consisting of a pedicelled stamen ; 
plants with white milky juice. 

(i) Involucre calyx like ; shrubs, often leafless, or with caducous leaves. 

dcccvi — Euphorbia, 
(ii) Involucre 5-lobed, 5-glandular, campannlate, seated on a plano-convex 
cupule ; leaves fleshy, purple-veined when young ... ... dcccvii — Synadeniam, 

(iii) Involucre slipper-like, red ; leaves fleshy, stem-clasping: — 

dcccviii — Pedilanthus. 

(II) Flowers not united in heads, each flower with a perianth ; ovules 2 in each 
cell, as a rule collateral (in a few cases superposed, one pendulous from the apex, the 
other from half way up the axis) ; inflorescence mostly axillary or lateral ; petals or 
minute : — 

(i) Leaves 3-foliate, alternate ; flowers panicled, dioecious : — 

dcccxxiii — Bischofia. 
, (ii) Leaves undivided, whorled ; flowers panicled, dioecious : — 

dcccxxii — Mischodon. 
(iii) Leaves undivided, opposite ; flowers in short spikes, monoecious : — 

dcccx — Buxus 



Key to SUU-CLASHES, OUDEfis AND GENERA. l8l 

CII—EUPHORBIAOE^E— con*, 
(iv) Leaves alternate : — 

(1) Male oalyx lobos valvate ; petals 80ale-liko ; llowors in axillary clusters : — 

(A) Ovary 2-called ; fruit a drupe : — ... dcocxi — Bridelia. 

(B) Ovary 3-f(!llod ; fruit a dt-hiacent capsule: — ... dcccxii — Cloistanthus. 

(2) JIale sepals or cal)'x imbricate : — 

(A) Petals sac-like ; miilo disk 5-lobed . — ... ... dcccxiii — Actephila. 

(B) Petals ; male flowers in axillary (rarely terminal) spikes, racemes or 

panicles : — 

(a) Fruit globose, in bunches mostly from the old wood, seeds em- 

bedded in a fleshy aril : — ... ... ... dcccx.Kvii — Baccaurea. 

(b) Fruit a capsule bur.stiag irregularly, pericarp semetimes fleshy ; 

male llowurs in catkins : — ... ... ... dcccxxiv — Aporosa, 

(c) Fruit indehisceut, drupaceous ; flowers dioecious in spikes or 

racemes : — 
(ot) Petiole short (under 1 inch) ; ovary 2 — 3-celled, raphe dorsal : — 

dccci X — Sarcococca. 
()3) Petiole short (under 1 inch) ; ovary 1-celled, raphe ventral : — • 

dcccxxvi — Antidesma. 
(7) Petiole lonff (over 1 inch) ; drupe 1-seeded : — 

dcccxxv — Daphniphyllum. 

(C) Petals ; male flowers solitary or in fascicles or clusters : — 

(a) Style arms much dilated ; fruit an indehiscent drupe ; leaves 

often serrulate : — 
(a) Stamens 2 — i, central ; drupe 1-seeded : — ... dcccxix — Putranjiva. 
(,/3) Stamens few or many, inserted around an orbicular disk : — 

(•) Ovary usually 1-ceJled : — dcccxx— Hemicyclia. 

(**) Ovary 2 — 4-celled :— dcecxxi — Cyolostemon. 

(b) Styles and style-Mrms slender : — 

(a) Disk in either sex ; stamens 3, filaments united into a col- 
umn : — 
(*) Anthers adnate to the whole length of the column : — 

dcccxvii — Breynia. 
(**) Anthers sessile on the angles of the short 3-gonou9 col- 
umn : — ... ... ... ... ... dcccsviii — Sauropus. 

(yS) Disk present in female, often also in male, flowers :— - 

(*) Filaments free around a large piotillode : — • dcccxvi — Flueggia. 
(**) Filaments free or united ; pistillode or minute : — 

dcccxxiv — Phyllanthus. 

(c) Styles as a rule connate in a fleshy mass, conical, columnar, or 

spherical ; disk O j anthers 3 — 8, adnate to a central col- 
umn : — ... ... ... ... ... ... dcccxv — Glochidion. 

(Ill) Plower.5 not united in heads; or if in heads, then either males only 
{Hura) in dioecious plauts, or {Dalechampia) twiners with membranous trilobed 
hairy leaves ; each flower with a perianth ; ovule 1 in each cell : — 

(i) Leaves opposite ; flowers in terminal racemes ; calyx of male and female 
5-lobed ; petals of male and female 5, longer than the calyx ; stamens many ; 

ovary 3-celled ; juice blood-red : — dcccxl — Baloghia. 

(ii) Leaves alternate : — 

(1) Petals present ; inflorescence terminal : — 

(A) Flowers in androgynous compound cymes : — 

(a) Leaves penninerved ; stamens 8 : — dcccxsx— Tritaxis. 

(b) Leaves 3 — 7-co8tate : — 

(ct) Sepals 5, imbricate ; stamens 8 — 12:— ... dcccxvix — Jatropha. 
(j8) Calyx-lobes 2- 3, valvate ; stamens 8 — 20 : — dcccxxxiii — Aieurites. 
(7) Details not to hand ; allied to the last genus :— dcccxxxii — Joannesia. 

(B) Flowers in androgynous spikes or racemes ; stamens 10 — 30, fila- 

ments iuflexed in bud :— ^ dcccxxxiv— Croton. 

(2) Petals present ; inflorescence as a rule axillary : — 

(A) Male sepals imbricate ; petals united ; fruit a drupe : — 

dcccxxxv — Giyotia. 

(B) Male sepals imbricate ; petals free ; fruit capsular : — 
(a) Female sepals not enlarged in fruit : — 



182 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CII -EUPHORBIACE^— co««, 

(*) Styles short bifid : flowers in racemes or panicles : — 
(f) Antheis 3, sessile on a cyliiidric column : — 

dcccxxxvi — Trigonosteaon. 
(t+) Stamens 8 — 35 : — ... ... ... ... dcccxxxviii — Ostodes. 

(**) Styles slender recurved, entire : — ... ... dcccxxxvii— CodigBum. 

(b) Female sepals as a rule enlarged in fruit : — .. dcccxxxix — Biachia. 
(Cj Mule calyx open in bud, female sepals enlarged in fruit : petals 

present in both male and fem.'ue : — ... dcccxli — Dimorphocalyx. 

(D) Male sepals vah'ate ; anther cells distinct, pendulous, glabrous:— 

dcccxlii- - Agrostistachys. 
(3) Petals none : — 

(A) Calyx campanulate or cup-sbaped : — 

(a) Flowers monoecious ; calyx campanulate ; juice white milky, 

producing caoutchouc :-- 
(a) Stamens 10, filaments free : — ... ... ... dcccxxxi — Manihot. 

(;S) Stamens 5 — 10, adnate to a central column : — dcccxxviii — Hevea. 

(b) Flowers dioecious ; calyx of both male and female cup-shaped ; 

flowers of male in stalked catkin-like heads, with stamens on 
the concave face of 1 or moie rows of scales inserted around a 
central column ; of females solitary, stalked, in the axils of 
leaves, with a rounded ovary tertuinating in a very long style 
which is trumpet-shaped and has a reflexed many-toothed 
border : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... dccclxi — Hura 

(B) Sepals of male imbricate : — 

(a) Flowers of male fascicled ; fruit smooth (not echinate), tardily 

dehiscent ; leaves peiminerved, st%)tile8 sheathing ; resinous 
trees: — dccclv — Gelonium. 

(b) Flowers of male in panicles or racemes ; leaves 3 — 5 costate : — 

dccelvi — Baliospermum. 

(C) Sepals or calyx segments of male valvate ; trees or shrubs :^ 
(a) Filaments free (or united only at the very base) :-- 

(a) Stamens 2 — 3 ; flowers in androgynous or 1-sexnal spikes ; 
jnice white, milky, acrid : — 

(*) Calyx of male 2— 3-lobed:— dccclix — Sapium. 

(**) Sepals of male free, 3, small : — ... dccclx— Exocecaria. 

(/S) Stamens 4, anthers 2-celled : — 

(*) filaments slender, anther cells parallel, adnate to the thick • 

connective: — ... ... .. ... dcccilv — Adenochlccna. 

{**) Filaments short, flat, anther cells divaricate : — 

dcccxlvi — Coclodepas. 

(y) Stamens 6 to many, anthers 2-celled : — 
(*) Leaves always alternate : — 
(f ) Anther cells divaricate : — 

(§) Styles short entire, densely plumose : — 

dcccxliii — Ciaoxy Ion . 
(§§) Styles filiform with numerous slender branches : — 

dcccxliv — Acalypha. 
(f f ) Anther cells contiguous and parallel : — 

dcccxlvii — Alchornea. 
(**) Leaves alternate or opposite ; anther cells globose or 
.shortly-oblong, widely separated by a thick connective : — 

dcccl- — MallotuB. 
(***) Leaves opposite ; anther cells contiguous and parallel : — 

(t) Leaves entire ; fruit a drupe:— dcccxlviii—Trewia. 

(tt) Leaves dentate or sinuately lobed ; fmit a capsule : — 

dcccxlix — CffilodiscuB. 
(8) Stamens 1 to many, anthers 4-celled : — 

(*) Styles with 2 — 3 long filiform arms ; leaves not peltate, but 

, penninerved :— .. dcccli— Oleidion. 

(**) Styles entire ; leaves peltate, 3— 5-coBtate : - 

dccclii— Macaranga. 



KEY TO SL'B-rLASSES, OBDERS ANi> GBNEEA. 183 

CII—KUPHORB lACE^— c£>n<. 

(li) Filamoiits connate in bnndles, stamena many : — 
(or) Flowers usually dioecious, in axillary spikes ; leaves narrow or 

small, penninerved : — ... ... ... ... dcccliii — Homonoia. 

(3) Flowers monoecious, in terminal androgynous panicles ; leaven 

large, 7 — S-costate and lobed:— ... ... dcccliv — Ricinus. 

(D) Sepals or calyx-segments of male vnlvate; twining fihrubs ; 
racemes ar.drojrynous :— 

(a) Stamens 1— 3j racemes not capitate ; bracts small; stinging 

plants ; leaves simple or loiied, 3-5-costate: — ... dccclvii — Tragia. 

(b) Stamens 20—30; racemes Cc^pitate -. bract« large involucrate; 

leaves lobed or 3-foliate, 3 — 7-co8tate : — 

dccclviii — Dalechampia. 
Cni— ULMACE^— 

[Anatomical jeatuns. — Cystolith cells -^ften conspicuous in the epideimis. Xo 
laticiferou.s tubes.] 

(I) Fruit a suborbicular winged samara : — ... ... dccclxii — Holoptelea. 

(II) P'rnit a drupe : — 

(i) Sepals of male imbricate : — 

(]) Leaves mostly coriaceous (one species very coriaceous), 3-co8tate, 

stipules free :— ... dccclxiii — Celtis. 

(2, Leaves coriaceous, penninerved, stipules connate convolute: — 

dccclxv — Gironniera. 
(ii) Sepals of male in duplicale-valvate ; leaves silvery-downy-backed, 3 — 7- 
costate, stipules free : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... dccclxvi — Trema. 

CIV— MORACE^ (OR AETOCARPACE.^)— 

[Anatomical features. — Bast fibres strongly developed in the bark, of^en verr long, 
useful for manufacture of paper, cloths and ropes. Cystolith cells conspicuous in the 
epidermis. Continuous — not articulated — Iaticiferou.s tubes in bark and leaves.] 

(I) Fruit the result of ore flower : — 

(i) Flowers usually dioecious, maic flowers subcapitate, female solitary, 
rarely, {Strehlus), 2 — 4 together : — 

(1) Spinous ; perianth of female 3 — 4 lanceolate sepals, enlarging and 
enclosing the fruit : — dccclxvii— Phyllochlamys. 

(2) Unarmed ; perianth of female 4 sepals, accrescent, fleshy and clasp- 
ing the tr\ut : — dccclxviii— Streblns. 

(ii) Flowers monoecious : — 

(1) Male flowers crowded on a fleshy disciform receptacle surroanded 
by imbi icate bracts, female solitary ii: a pyriform involucre of many bracts ; 
sepals, male 4, female ; stamens 3— 8; uvary 1 : — ... ... dccclxxiv— ^.ntiaris. 

(2) Male and female flowers solitary alternating with one another along 
the same branch j perianth a hemispherical cup of several united scales; 
stamens many ; ovaries many : — ... ... ... ... ... dccclxxvi— Castilloa. 

(II) Fruit a fig {syconium), the result of many minute l-sexual flowers 
inserted inside a subglobose or turbinate hollow closed receptacle, which be- 
comes fleshy in fruit : — .. ..; ... ... ... ... dccclxxiii — Fiona. 

(III) Fruit a sorosi^, or syncarpium consisting of the fleshy perianth of 
many flowers, outside a globose or cylindric receptacle, merging together into a 
single compound fruit :— 

(i) ."ipinously armed ; leaves penninerved : — 

(1) Stamens exserted i syncarpium few seeded : — 

dccclxx — Plecospermnm. 

(2) Stamens included ,• syncarpium many seeded : — ... dccclxxv — Cudrania. 
(ii) TTnarmed trees : — 

(1) Leaves 3 — 7-costat«, often lobed : — 

(A) Ripe carpels pendulous on long fleshy stalks : — 

dccclxix — Broussonetia. 

(B) Ripe carpels sessile and enclosed in the syncarpium : — 

d ccclxxii — M oru s 



184 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENEEAt 

CIV— MOEACE^-cont. 

(2) Leaves penninerved : — 

(A) Flowers dioecious, males in cylindric spikes, females in stibgloboSe 

heads, infloi-escence solitary ir. axil? : — ^ dccclxxi — Chlorophora. 

(B) Flowers moncecions, l-sexual, densely crowded on subglobose 

receptacles: — ... ... ... ... ... dccclsxrii — Artocarpus 

CV— UKTICACE^— 

[Anatomical features- — Bast fibres strongly developed in the bark, often very 
long. Cystolith cells conspicuous in the epidermis. Ko laticiferons tubes. Stinging 
hairs in some genera.] 

(I) Chimbers ; flowers dioecious, males in axillary panicles, female in pairs in 
the axils of the broad bracts of a catkin-like ovoid spike ; leaves opposite, 3 — 5- 
costate, upper entire, lower lobed ; — ... ... ... dccclxxvii (bis). — Humulns. 

(II) Trees and Shrubs : — 

(i) Leaves and stems with stinging hairs ; leaves alternate, mostly 3- 
costate, flowers cjmose, 2— 5-merous : — 

(1) Female perianth of 4 sepals : — ... ... ... dccclxxviii — Laportea. 

(2) Female perianth tubular, 2 — 3- toothed : — .. dccclxxix — Girardinia. 
(ii) Leaves and stems without stinging hairs : — 

(1) Inflorescence, cymose in the male, on a fleshy receptacle in the 
female ; perianth female 3 — 5-partite ; leaves alternate, 3- costate ; 
epiphytic: — ... ... ... ... ... ... dccclxxx — Procris. 

(2) Inflorescence spicate, fasirled, racemed, or panicled, clusters ; 
perianth of female tubular, oi male 2 — o-merous : — 

(A) Fruiting heads dry ; stigma filiform : — 

(a) Stigma persistent ; leaves alternate or opposite, 3-costate .• — 

dccclxxxi — Ba hmeria. 

(b) Stigma deciduous ; leaves alternate, opposite, or 3-whorled, 3- 

costate : — ... ... ... ... ... dccclxsxii — Pouzolzia. 

(B) Fruiting heads succulent ; perianth ovoid with minute mouth ; 

leaves alternate, 3 — .5-costate : — 

(a) Leaves green beneath, tertiary nerves not. jjrominent :~ 

dccclxxxiii — Villebrunia. 

(b) Leaves white or green beneath, tertiary nerves prominent : — 

dccclxxxiv — Debregeasia 

CVI— PLATANACE^— 

(I) Characters of thw order (q.v. in the Synopsis) — ... dcccLxxxv— Platanus. 

CVI (bis).— MYRICACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) — dccclxxxv (bu«).— Myrica. 
CVII— CASUAPJNACE.^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) — .. dccclxxxvi — Casuarina. 

CVIII— BETDLACE^.— 

lAnatornical features. — Most species of AlnU)-, Carpinus, and Corylv.s have, 
besides the fine medullary rays, others which may be called compound rays, 
consisting of a number of fine, sometimes broader, rays alternating with elongati'd 
parenchyma cells and wood fibres. These corupouiid rays run through the ordinary 
tissue which is traversed by vessels. The wood fibres as a rule have bordered pits.] 

(I) Stamens 4 — 12 on ^ach bract, mi^re or less distinctly arranged in 3 flowers, 
each with a perianth of 2 — 4 leaves ■• anthei- cells without tufts of hair ; ovary 
without perianth : — 

(i) Anther cells distinct ; scales of female spike thin, deciduous : — 

dccclxxxvii — Betula. 
(ii) Anther cells distinct tr connate ," scales of female spike persisent, and 
woody in fruit : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... dccclxxxsiii-— .iUnus. 

(II) One 3 — 6-androu8 flower on each bract without perianth in male ; 
anther cells with a tuft of hairs ; perianth thin in female, adnate to ovary : — 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 185 

CVIII—BETULACE^E— con*. 

(i) BViiit a large nat, eucl'-sed in m thick, cut and lobed, sornutimos spines- 
cent involucre :— dccclxxxix — Corylne, 

(ii) Fruit small, in drooping' spikes, in the axil of large membranous reti- 
culated bracts: — ... ... dccoxc — Carpinus. 

CIX— FAGACEJ-:— 
(I) Ovary 3-celled :-- - 

(i) One fen. ale flower in each involucre; nuts supported by a cap, or 
enclosed in an involucre not clothed with hard spines: — ... dcccxci — Quercns. 

(ii) 2 — 4-female flowers (usually) in each involucre : — 

(1) Nnts enclosed in the enlarged involucre which is usually spinous : — 

dcccxciii — Castanopsie. 

(2) Nuts trigonous, enclosed in a 4-partite involucre of imbricating 
bracts, not clothed with hard spines : — ... ... ... ... dcccxciv — Fague.. 

(II) Ovary 6-cclled ; three female flowers (csually) in each involucre i nuts 
enclosed in the large 2 — 4-valvud spinous involucre ; — .. ... dcccxcii — Castanea, 

CX— SALICAE^- 

[Anatomical features. — Wood soft, medullary rays rarrow, vessels small, 
uniformly distributed, wood parenchyma not much developed, wood fibres wide, walls 
not thick, pits simple.] 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — dcccxcv — Salix. 

CXI— GNETACE^— 

lAnatomical features. — The general structure of the wood resembles that of 
normally built Dicotyledons. It consists of vessels, wood fibres, wood parenchyma, 
and medullary j'ays. No resin canals. Qnetum scat'dens, like many dicotyledonous 
climbers, shows on transverse section concentric bands of wedge-shaped masses 
of xylem and phltcm, separated by medullary rays. J 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... dcccxcvi — Qnetum. 

CXII— CONIFERS— 

I Anatomical jeatures. — The trunk of Coniferous trees shows the same general 
arrangement of tissues which we find in normal Dicotyledons, but the wood is without 
vessels, hence, on the transverse section, without pores. It consists of medullary rays 
and of long thick \s ailed tracheides, arranged in radial lines, with large bordered pits, 
usually on their radial walls only. In the earliest formed wood, cintigaons tc. the 
pith, the tracheides have a spiral or annular thickeniug of theii- walls. The annual rings 
are distinctly marked by belts of very thick walled tracheides in the outer (autumn) 
wood, and of thinner walled tracheides in the spring wood of the succeeding year. 
Kesin canals, lined by small thin walled secreting cells (as in Dipterocarps) are found 
in the leaves, the bark, and the wood ; in the wood they are vertical among the 
tracheides, and horizontal in the medullary rays. J 

(I) Cones perfect ; seeds concealed by the scales of the cones : — 

(i) Scales of the cone few ; ovules erect ; pollen grains not winged : — 
(1) Scales of cone opposite in several tiers : — 
(A) Scales of cone woody ; seeds winged : — 

(a) Cones subglobose or short-oblong, of 6 — 12 scales, central pairs 

fertile ; seeds with an orbicular wing ; leaves scale-like, 
opposite (young, needle-like, 3-'l-whorled ) : — decc.xcvii — Cupressus. 

(b) Cones subglobose or oblong of 6 (rarely 8) scales, innermost 

(rarely 2 irmermost) pair fertile ; seeas with 2 unequal wings 
on margins; leaves minute, or scale-like, 3 — 4-whorled (young 
needle-like, short) ; — dcccxviii— Callitris. 

(c) Cones ovoid or oblong (rarely globose) of 6 — 12 scales with hook- 

ed tips, outermost paii-s only fertile ; seeds 2-winged ; leaves 

scale-like, in 4-rows: — dcccxcii — Ihuya. 

yB) Scales of cone succulent, forming a berry-like fruit ; seeds not 
winged ; leaves either all linear and subulate, 3-wJiorled, or 
dimoi'phous consisting firstly of imbricate, opposite or decussate, 
scales, and secondly of subidate spreading leaves: — cm — Jnniperust 



186 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CXri--CONIFER^— coTCt. 

(2) Scales of tlie cone spii-ally arranged on the axis, the cone-scale and 
the ovule-supporting-scale confluent as one ; seeds winged : — 

(A) Cones globose, scales pectinate and prickly at apex ; leaves rigid 

linear-falcate, quadranguler, acute, scattered : — • cmii — Cryptomeria. 

(B) Cones ovoid, scales not prickly nor pectinate at apex ; leaves either 

sublanceolate and distichous, or scale-like and imbricated in i 
ranks, or dimorphous of both :— ... ... ... cmiii — Sequoia. 

(ii) Scales of cone numerous, spirally arranged in i?everal series; ovules 
reversed ; pollen grains mostly winged : — 

(I) Scale of cone confluent -with ovuliferous scale as one scale : — 

(A) Seeds winged ; apex of scales of cone coriaceous without a tran- 

sverse line or pungent point ; leaves comparatively long and 
broad, sublanceolate with parallel nerves, subopposite or spirally 
arranged :■ — ... ... ... ... ... ... cmvi — Agathis. 

(B) Seeds not winged ; apes of scales of cone woody, with a transverse 

line often produced into a pungent point; leaves acicular or short 
lanceolate, mostly pungent pointed, in close spires : — cmvii — Ai'aucaria. 
(2) Scale of cone and ovuliferous scale quite distinct : — 

(A) Leaves persistent : — 

(a) Leaves narrow-linear or subulate to acicular, in fascicles of 

2, 3. or Fi ; scales of cone more or less thickened and woody, 
often with a boss at apex, persistent: — ... ... cmviii — Pinus. 

(b) Leaves acicular, in fascicles of many or in large tufts at the 

ends of arrested branchlets ; scales of cone broad with a thin 
edge, deciduous and leaving a columnar axis: — ... cmix- Cedrus. 

(c) Leaves single : — 

(a) Leaves not distichous, but all round the branches, siibquadran- 
gular, short acicular ; cones cylindric, pendulous, scales thin, 
not thickened at apex, persistent : — ... ... ... cmx — Picea. 

(jS) Leaves flat, short, linear, pectinately distichous, silvery 
below : — 
(•) Cones long-ovoid, pendulous, scales broad, roundod, with 

conspicuous deeply-toothed bi-acts : — ... cmxi — Psendotsuga. 
(**) Cones cylindric, erect, scales tliin, deciduous leaving a 

long columnar axis : — ... ... ... ... cmxii — Abies 

(B) Leaves deciduous, linear-acicular, soft, in large fascicles at the ends 

of arrested branchlets ; cones oval-cylindric, short, erect, scales 
persistent, with irregular margins : — ... ... ... cmsiii — Larix. 

(II.) Cones imperfect, seed,s 1 or few not concealed by scales ; female flowers 
usually of a solitary ovule seated on an ovuliferous scale with its bract, that 
becomes acci-escent and fleshy : — 

(i) Ovuliferous scale fleshy, cup-shaped, ovule erect and aduate there 
to, the bract forming a peduncle to the scale, the whole developing into a 
stalked drupe with fleshy epicarp and woody kernel (testa of the seed) ; leaves 
fascicled, 3-5 together, fan-shaped, bilobed and irregularly notched, thickened 
at margin, striated each side with numerous parallel nerves ; branches 
whorled°— cmi— Ginkgo. 

(ii) Ovuliferous scale thick or membranous, ovule erect adniite thereto, 
bract forming a short peduncle clothed with imbricating scales, the whole 
developing into a seed with thick testa deeply imbedded in a red fleshy cup; 
leaves linear, 1 nerved, lifarious : — cmiv — Taxus. 

(iii) Ovuliferous scale fleshy, ovule reflexed adnate thereto, bract forming 
a peduncle to the scale, the whole developing into a stalked di'upaceous seed 
with a testa fleshy externally and hard within, seated on the fleshy apex of the 
peduncle ; leaves linear lanceolate, thick, leathery, with man parallel nerves or 
simply 1 costate :— cmv— Podccarpua. 

CXTII— OYCADACE^— 

[Anatomical featuran. —In. many species (Cycas especially) the alternate bands formed 
by the persistent base of the scales and leaves can be cleorly distinguished on the out- 
side of the trunk, the bands formed by the base of the leaf stalks being more prominent, 
having the appearance uf thick annular cushions. The stem of Cycads is remarkable by 
the large size of pith and bark, both consisting of parenchymatous cells, usually filled 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND OENE'RA. 187 

CXIIT— CYCADAC KM—cont. 

with starch. Mucilatro canals, oiten branchod anrl anaslomoeinfs^, lined by tliin-wallod 
sed'eting: colls, arc frequent in the hark, wiuMice they extend to the li-aves, and th»y are 
also found in the pith. Wood, cambium, liast, and medullary rays, are arrantred as in 
Conifers ; the^wcod, apart tro!,i medullary rays, consists entirely of long trachcidcs, more 
or less radially arrans^cd, usually with several linos of bordurcd pits on the radial fa^o, 
the pits oblong, not circular as in Conifers, 'i'hose tracheides in sonic cases have spirally 
and scalariforni thickened walls, and they might, save that their ends are not pei-forated, 
be classed as vessels. The libro-vascular bundles (leaf traces), which enter the petiole, 
run for a considerable distance through the bark before joining the central cylinder ; 
their course is not straight, they are bent in a remarkable manner, and often anastomose. 
In Cycas t he action of the cambium Ceases after the first central cylinder (wood and bast) 
has been formed, and then a fresh, more or less concentric, cambium layer appears in the 
bark, which forms a second ring of woofl and bast outside the first, and this process 
is repeated several times, the result being, on a transverse section, a number of more or 
less concentric masses of wood, which sometimes anastomose, separated by softer 
layers of bastsind parenchymatous tissue.] 

[Botanical note. — Originally the plants of this order were supposed to be ferns ; 
then by others, inter alios Linnreus, intermediate between ferns and palms, whence 
they are commonly called Fer?(-j)a^wis; then Lindley pointed out that they are really 
almost ti> 8 with a palm-like appearance ; and their more correct rame is Palm-firs,^ 

(I) Leaves simply pinnate, pinuie linear: — 

(i) Pinnae with prominent midrib ; scales of female cones elongated, 
woolly, with two or more erect ovules on each side of the marginal not.ihes : — 

cmxiv — Oycas. 

(ii) Pinnae ecostate, but with several longitudinal, scarcely prominent, 
nerves ; scales of female cones witii 1 pendulous ovule on each side undei the 
thickened acuminate apex : — ... ... ... ... ... emxv — Macrozamia, 

(II) Leaves bipinnate, pinnules obliquely ovate or broadlj' falcate with 
scarcely prominent veins ; cones of Macrozamia, but apex of the scales trun- 
cate : — ... ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ■ ... cmxvi — Bowenia. 

CXIV— ORCHID AC E^— 

(I) Epiphytes or climbers ; ovarj' and fruit 1-celled, seeds minute ; sepals and 
petals very unlike the modiiied lip ; anther single : — 
(i) Pollinia waxy : — 

(1) Pollinia free, or those of each cell held together by a viscid appendai^e 
only, and not attached by their bases, nor by a caudicle to the lostellum : — 
(A) Pollinia 4:— 

(a) Leaves sessile fleshy, congested on short, or distiolious on elong- 

ated, stems with the vaginal portion much shorter than the main 
leaf ; inflorescence terminal; flowers minute, racemose or spicate; 
column very short Vv^ith no appendage or foot : — cmxvii — Oberonia, 

(b) Li aves membranous, chartaceous or coriaceous, not equitant : — 
(a) Leaves usually 2, membi-anous (rarely more, or coriaceous), 

usually spssile ; stem pseudobulbous ; inflorescence terminal in 
spikes or racemes, column long, produced below as a fout, 
with callosities or wings, or both, rostellum sometimes double ; 
lip without basal auricles: — ... ... ... cmxviii^Liparis. 

(/3) Leaves chartaceous or coriaceous : — 

(*) Column more or leas prolonged below as a foot :— 
(t) Stems solitary or, more usually, ca;3pitose, or composed of 
discrate pseudobnlbs basally attached on a short or Ion" 
rhizome ; — 
(§) Flowers terminal from the top of a 1 — 2-leaved p-ieudo- 
bulb, or lateral on a leafy or leafless stem, solitary or 
on few flowered peduncles, or in few — or many — flower- 
ed racemes, usually large and showy : — 
(II) Stems casspitose with leaves chartaceous or coriaceous 
and more than 2, rarely a creeping rhizome with 
distant pseudobnlbs and 1 — 2-apical leaves; pollinia 
all subequal aud always free ; lip rarely mobile : — 

cmxix — Dendrc/bium. 
(HID Rhizome creeping; pseudobulbs 2-(rarely 1-) leaved; 
leaves coriaceous, or chartaceous and pleated; pollinia 



188 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CXiy— ORCHIDACB^— cowi. 

cohering in pairs bj a granular viscus ; lip sessile at 
the basse of the column, erect and embraoisg it with 
concave or saccate base : — ... ... cmxxv — Oaslogyne. 

(§§) Flowers from lateral scapes arising from the base of 
pseudoburbs,oi- from the rhizome between them, solitary 
or in heads, umbels, or racemes ; leaf 1 coriaceous, or 2 
chartaceous, usually from the apices ot the pseudobulbs 
on a generally prolonged rhizome ; pollinia free, or 
oceasionally attached by their bases to a small sphere of 
translucent tissue, inner pair always the smaller : — 
(II) Lateral sepals markedly exceeding the dorsal; flowers 

umbelled : — ... ... Omxxii— Cirrhopetalum. 

(HID Lateral sepals not greatly exceeding the dorsal, along- 
side or nnder the lip; iiowers racemose or spicate : — 
(J) Lip jointed at foot of colamn, mobile, usually very 
small and strongly recurved ; column very short, 
often 2-aristate at the top : — •... cmxxi — Bulbophyllum. 
(XX) I^ip more or less united by a fiestiy base to edge of 
column and having more or less a deep passage at 
its base ; column, elongated, hornless, and winged: — 

cmxs — Epidendrum. 
(II II II) Lateral sepals spreading ; flowars solitary : — 

cmxxiii — Trias, 
(ft) Stem jointed, composed of elongated pseudobulbs strung 
on a woody core ; leaves 1 — 2 chartaceous ; flowers 
terminal racemose ; colamn very short, hooded or 
winged ; lip sessile on base of column, erect and 
saccate :-r- ... ••• ••. • cmxxvi — Pholidota. 

(**) Foot of column ; atemless, tufted with very stout root 
fibres, and without psendobulb ; leaves radical, very 
coriaceous ; flowers very small, in panicled spikes ; 
lateral sepals forming a mentum ; column narrowly 
winged: — ... ... ... ... cmxxiv(6ts,). — Josephia. 

(B) PoUiuia 8, subequal, all cohering, or cohering by fours to a 
common membrane ; stems pseudobulbous or not ; leaves 
chartaceous, coriaceous, or fleshy ; inflorescence lateral or 
terminal, racemose or capitate, column short or long, pro- 
longed below into a foot : — ... .. .. ... cmxxiv — Eria. 

(2) Pollinia attached singly, in pairs or in fours, through a caudicle 
(rarely 2) to a stigmatic gland : — • 
(A) Anther terjiinal, piolliuia 2 :-— 

(a) Stem pseudobulbous, short; leaves few; flowers racemed or 

panicled ; lateral sepals foriuing a mentum :— 

cmxxviili — Polystachya. 

(b) Stems not pseudobulbous ; leaves several :- - 
(a) Stems very short or none : — 

(*) Leaves very long, narrow, and coriaceous ; lip not spurred, 
but sessile at the base of the column, embracing it 
upwards, base concave, side lobes erect ; disk with 2 
pubescent median ridges :-- ... ... cmxxvii— Cymbidium. 

(**) Leaves closely clustered, flat, fleshy, and pendulous; lip 
spurrei wioh forked appendages on its disk : — 

cmxxi — Doritifl. 
(***) Leaves none when flowering; lateral sepals inserted by 
broad base to elongate foot of column ; lip with large 
erect side lobes, midlob© a tomentose i^ulvinus : — 

cmxxxiii — Sarcochilus, 
(j8) Stems more or less elongated; loaves coriaceous and flat, 
or fleshy and terete: — 
(*) Lip not spurred ; column short, not winged nor with a 
foot : — 
(t) Leaves terete t — ... ... ... ... cmxxix — Luisia. 

(ft) Leaves lorate, recurved : — cmxxx — Cottonia. 



KEY TO SUr.-PLASSBS, ORDRRH AND fiKNERA. 189 

CXlV-ORCHTDACE^-coni. 

(**) Lip spurred, adnate to the oolnmn oi* its foot : — 

(t) Colunui ])rol()ni,'od into n lonp: foot ; lip not jointed to tho 
foot, a[)ur with no callns or soptum within, ascending or 
recurved: — ... ... ... ... orcixxxiv — Aerides. 

(tt) Cohimn witli little or no foot : — 

(§) Spur single, with neither calli nor septum within ; 
lip not jointed : — 
(II) Spur compressed laterally, deep, pubescent at the 

mouth, aide-lobes none : — .. omxxxii — Rhynchostylis. 
dill) Spur not compressed, long, narrow and cylindric, 
or wide funnel shaped, or short and saccatS 
(rarely-one Fonfia-r educed to a gibbous swelling, 
and then the leaves flat) : — 
(t) Side-lobes of lip usually large ; spur wide funnel- 
shaped, glabrous at the mouth (if side-lobes small, 
• then spur subobsolete) ; flowers large ; caudicle 

of poUinia very broad : — mxxxv—Vanda. 

(tt) Side-lobes of lip small or none ; spnr narrow 
cylindric, or short and wide saccate, mouth 
naked or fimbriate ; flowers small ; caudicle 
■very narrow :— ... ... cmxxxv — Saccolabium. 

(§§) Spur single, partially or completely occluded by calli 
within ; lip not jointed :- — 
(II) Spur partially occluded by calli within, and divided 
by a vertical antero-posterior septum into 2 
lateral chambers : — ... cmxxxvii — Sarcanthus. 

(HID Spur occluded by a dorsal scale or by calli on the 
anterior and posterior walls, but without a 
septum : — ... ... cmxxxviii — Cleiaostoma. 

(§§§) Spur double, short ; lip jointed to the base of the 
very short 2-auricled column ; flowers small, in 
spiciform racemes : — ... ..". cmxl — Diplocentrum. 

(R) Anther dorsal (except Tainiophyllum) ; poUinia 4 • — 

(a) Stem pseudobulbous, 1-leaved ; flowers minute in terminal 

racemes ; sepals and limb erect ; column without a foot : — 

cncxli (bis.). — Thelasi.s. 

(b) Stem not pseudobulbous : — 

(a) Dwarf, stemless, leafless when flowering ; leaves linear ; roots 

flattened ; flowers minute, spicate ; sepals, petals, and lip 

connate at base, latter spurred : — ... cmxxxix — Tseniophyllum. 

(/S) Stems tufted, fleshy ; leaves equitant, laterally compressed, 

distichous; flowers small intermiual racemes; sepals erect; 

lip jointed to foot of column, clawed, erect, and with a basal 

appendage: — ... ... ... ... •-. cmxli — Podochilus. 

(ii) Poilinia granular or in small masses, 2 — 4-cohering by their sides 
without gland or caudicle ; anther terminal ; climbers ; leaves coriaceous to . 
fleshy, or none ; flowers large axillary ; sepals spreading or broadly concave ; 
lip with claw aduate to, and limb broad concave and embracing, the column, 
which is elongate : — cmxlii— Vauilla. 

CXF— SCITAMIT^ACE^ — 

(I) Stamens, 1 only perfect, ?• others reduced to staminodes or wanting : — 
(i) Anther 2-celled ; calyx tubular or spathaceous ; style slender, embraced 
below the stigma by the anthers; placentas many-ovuled, embryo central 
straight : — 

(1) Ovary 1-celled, placentas 3 parietal ; stigma turbinate ; flowers 
yellow or orange, in terminal panicles ; corolla tube long ; stem leafy : — 

cmxliii — Globba, 

(2) Ovary 3-celled, placentas axile : — 

(A) Lateral staminodes broad, filament long narrow, connective not 
crested, ncr spurred at base ; corolla tube long, slender; stigma 
subglobose ; flowers yellowish or white in terminal spikes at top 
of leafy stem : — cmxliv — Hedychium. 



190 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GEHERA. 

CXV- SCITAMINACB^--co»ii. 

(R) Lateral staminodes small or wanting (rarely narrow aiad! aduate 
to lip) ; corolla tube cylindric: — 
(a) Flowers in a dense cone-like spike : — 
(a) Anther cells divaricate on a sliort arcuate filament, with, or 
without a petaloid crest ; stiufma small subglobose, or 
' larger and gibbous at back ; spikes almost always produced 
from the rootstock (rarely from top of stem) : — cmxlv— Amomnm. 
(;8) Anther cells parallel : — 

(*) Filaments sliort, connective produced as a narrow ap- 
pendage as long as the anther ; stigma small snbglobose ; 
spikes usually produced from the rootstock, but sometimes 
at ths top of leafy stem : — ... . .. cmxlvi — Zingiber. 

(**) Filament forming, with the produced connective, an oblong 
petaloid process with contiguous linear anther cells placed 
in its middle ; stigma with a semilunar pit, ciliate round 
the margin ; spikes usually at the top of leafy stem : — 

cmxlvii — Costus. 
(V)) Flowers in racemes or panicles : — 

(a) Panicle produced straight from the rootstock, long, flexuous, 
decumbent ; filament very short, connective not dilated ; 
stigma small turbinate : — ... ... .. cmxlviii — Elettaria. 

(/S) Panicle or raceme at the top of leafy stem ; filament 
long, anther cells divergent at apex ; stigma subglobose : — 

cmxlix — Alpinia. 
(ii) Anther 1-celled, laterally aduate to petaloid filament ; calyx of free 
sepals: — 

(1) Staminal tube with 5 simil ir, slightly unequal, petaloid segments, 
the l-celled anther aduate to one of the smaller segments ; ova.ry 3-celled. 
placentas many-ovuled, style flattened, stigma terminal, capitate ; embryo 
straight: — cmliii — Cauna. 

(2) Staminal tube verj' irregular, 5 — 6 lobed.l — 2-lobes lateral and, 1 (lip) 
anterior with 3- -2--lobe8 dorsal, of which 2 — 1 are hood-like and another bears 
the anther cell ; placentas 1-ovnled, stigma oblique, dilated or 2-labiate ; 
embryo curved: — 

CA) Ovary apparently 1-oellod and 1-ovuled, with 2 small rudimentary 
empty cells; stem leafy with a terminal few-flowered inflores- 
cence and convolute sheathing bracts : — 

(a) Inflorescence panicled, jointed : — ... ... ... cml — Maranta. 

(b) Inflorescence spicate : — ... ... ... ... cmli — Calathea. 

(B) Ovary 3-celled, 3-ovuled ; stems leafy with panicled, scattered, 

flowers, the panicle with convolute, sheathing, deciduous bracts 
at the forks, and deciduous bracteoles : — ... cmlii — Clinogyne. 

II. Stamens 5 perfect and free, 1 imperfect or wanting ; sfigma more or less 
distinctly 6-lobed : — 

(i) Sepals free ; petals long, narrow, free ; capsule loculicidally 3-valved ; 

leaves distichous: — ... .. cmlv — Ravenala. 

(ii) Sepals united into a split spathaceous tube ; corolla short, included, 
enveloping the stamens and styles ; leaves spiral : — 

(1) Fniit fleshy, iiidehiscent, seeds many : — ... .. ... cmliv — Musa. 

(2) Fruit a capnule, 8-celled and-valved, each cell with I seed : — 

cmlvi — H eliconia. 

CXVI— AMAKYLLIDACE^— 

(1) Leaves large, thick, fleshy, ensiform, densely clustered at the top of a 
rootstock or a short simple stem, spiny at the *ip, and usually armed along the 
edge ; scape terfninal, simple, or branching towards the apex : — 

(i) Inflorescence simple spicate, or compound thyrsoHd ; stamens longer 
than the perianth, filament filiform or flattened at base ; style filiform : — cmlv.i — Agave. 

(ii) Lnfloresoence laxly paniculate ; stamens shorter than the perianth, fila- 
ments thicked at base ; style thickened in the middle : — ... ... cmlvii — Furcraja. 

CXVII— DIOSCOIJEACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q. V, in the Synopsis): — ... ,., omlix — Diosoorea. 



KEY TO ,SUH-f!LAS8K8, OHOKKR ANli OKNKEA. 191 

CXVIII— EOXI]URGniACP]yK— 

(I) Characters of the ordor ((|,v. in tliG Synopsis) : — ... f,inlx — Sd-mona 

CXTX— LtLIACEJ3— 
) .4wafomicai/en<«re8. — Tlie stems of Dracrnu and Gordyline have a retriilar bark, 
and as they grow older they jnoroase in diameter by me:in8 of a concentric layer of 
cambium cells, in which additional pa)enchyma and fihrovascnlar bundles are 
formed.] 

(I) Fruit a berry : — 

(i) Stems leafless, the loaves being replaced by leaf-like cladodes : — 

(1) Stems slender, climbing or sarmeiitose ; cladodes acicular, linear or 
falcate in axillary tufts or fascicles, often with spines in the axils ; flowers 
solitary, fascicled or racemed : - cmlxii — Asparagus. 

(2) Stems shrubby ; cladodes oblong or oblong-lanceolate, upper alter- 
nate, lower opposite or whorled, distinctly costate ; flowers umbelled in the 
middle of the upper surface of the cladode : — cmlxiii — Euscus. 

(ii) Stems leafy : — 

(1) Leaves 3 — 5-co8tato and reticulately veined, alternate (rarely 
opposite), persistent, with usually a tendril on the petiole above the base which ' 
is uBuallv expanded into a sheath ; stems climbing, often spinous ; flowers in 
umbels, simple or compound :-^ cmlxi — Smilax. 

(2) Leaves parallel nerved (closely and numerously), usnally clustered 
at the apes of a simple, or sparingly branched, stem ; stems erect, unarmed, 
usually slender ; flowers in terminal racemes, panicles, or heads : — 

(A) Each cell of the ovary 1-ovuled :— • cmlxiv — Dracaena. 

(B) Each cell of the ovary 4>- or more-ovuled : — cmlxv — Cordyline. 

(II) Fruit a capsule, 3-oelled, many-seeded : — 

(i) Climbers with perennial stem, mostly underground, and deciduous 
(annual) branches ; leaves costate, parallel -nerved, apex ending in a tendril, 
alternate, opposite, or whorled ; flowers large, lily-like, flame red, axillary 
solitary : — _ cmlxix — Gloriosa. 

(ii) Shrubs ; leaves ensiform, in a series of rosettes, or densely clustered, 
at the top of a rootstook or short simple stem : — 

(1) Leaves leathery, usually spine-tijipcd ; flowers large, white, more or 
less campauulate, interminal panicles ; capsule fleshy, spongy, or "STOody : — 

cmlxvi — Yucca. 

(2) LeaveK fleshy, usually spine-tipped and-edged ; flowers yellow, 
orange, or red, cylindric, interminal racemes; capsule membranous : — cmlxviii — Aloe. 

(iii) Shrubs ; leaves ensiform, distichous, leathery ; flowers yellow, orange, 
or red, curved tubular, large, panicled j capsole triangular, woody : — 

cml xvii — Phormium. 
CXX— FLAGELLARIACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... cmlxx — Flagellaria. 

CXXI— PALM^— 

[Anatomical features. — ^The base of the petioles as a rule occupies the entire 
circumference of the trunk, and consequently the leaf-traces (fibrovascular bundles) of 
each leaf enter the stem from all sides. If we follow their coarse downwards, we find 
that in their upper portion they bend towards the centre of the stem, while lower 
down tiiey gradully bend outwards, and (frequently uniting with the traces of the 
earlier leases) run down near the circumference of the trunk. [Note — J hardly think 
this gives a correct idea. If the leaf petiole base occupies the whole cii'curaference 
of the stem, what is the apex of the stem above that point in. the circumference ? The 
apex is a yonng leaf pure and 8im])le ; and as each new leaf developes at the apex, it 
bursts through the sheath of the loaf before, the older leaves taking a lateral position 
about one-third way round the circumference in order. In this way the fibrovascular 
bundles at first are apical, and are sabseqnaently only circuuiferential. I believe it is 
just the same with the roots, but am not so sure about this ,• however several seedlings 
of palms that I have examined have just as many (usually, sometimes one more, some- 
times one less) roots as they have leaves. (A.VV.L.)"!. In this upper portion each leaf 
trace consists of a few vessels, which in Calamus and other scan dent palms (as in 
Vitis and other climbers) are very large, over 0-5 mm. diameter, with thin-walled 



192 KEY TO SU'R-OLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CXXI— PALMiE— coni. 

phloem, frachoides and parenchyma, as well as a large mass of thick walled wood fibres, 
whereas the lower portion almost entirely consists of thick-walled wood fibres. The 
S))aoe between the fibrovascular bundles is occupied by praenchymatous tissue, which as a 
rule predominates in the centre of the trunk. Hence it follows that the hardest portion 
in near the outside of the trunk, consisting mainly of closely packed bundles of wood 
fibres. Near the centre the tissne is softer, and hence in some species old stems are 
often hollow. Preparatory to the production of flowers and seed, the parenchyma in 
the trunk of the Phoenix find other genera (analogous to what we find in the Beech 
before a send year) is full of starch, which at the time of flowering is transformed into 
suo-ar. The Starch of many species is utilized as sago, while the sugary sap is obtained 
either from the cut spadix or (in the case of Phoenix) from the trunk below the crown 
of leaves.] 

[Note. — In the following, leaves under 3 feet long will be considered " small "; 
from 3 to 6 feet, medium ,• from 6 to 12 feet long j and over 12 feet, very long.] 

(I) Leaves bipinuatiseot. medium to long, leaflets wedge (or fish-tail and 
fin) shaped, obliquely premorse, often caudate on one side, or rounded at apex j 
frnit a hard berry 1 — 2 seeded; spathes 3 — S, incomplete, tubnlarj spadices 
interfoliar, much branched, flowers solitary and male, or in threes of 1 female 

with 2 males ; stem annulate, usually naked : — cmxci — Caryota. 

(II) Leaves simply pinnate or pinnatisect (rarely, Oeonoma, simple : — 

(i) Leaflets wedge-shaped to linear, premorse at apex, or if (Pinanga) 
some leaflets acuminate, then at least others on the same leaf which are pre- 
morse, or a terminal obovate cuneate leaflet with many nerves ending in seta- 
ceous points; (terminal leaflets often conflaent;) side of leaflets reduplicate: — 
(1) Fruit a hard 1 — 3-celled berry : — 

(A) Spadix androgynous, male flowers at tips of spikes only, infrafoliar 

(or flowering after the fall of the leaf in the axil in which it 
was formed) ; spathes double ; leaflets linear, numerous, upper 
confluent ; stem erect, annulate; fruit ovoid or oblong, with . 
terminal stigmas; seed with a i-uminate albumen; ovule 
erect : — cmlxxi — Areca. 

(B) Spadix androgynous, flowers in threes with 1 female between 2 

males all along the spike, usually infrafoliar ; seed with ruminate 
albnmen : — 

(a) Leaflets long, narrow, either with red veins and margin (especial- 

ly when voung), or else with golden, or with white tomentose, 
petioles; stem erect, slender, annulate: — cmlxxiv — Dictyosperua. 

(b) Leaflets with variable form and apex, either broad linear pre- 

morse with upper confluent and forked, or a terminal cuneate- 
obovate deeply forked with a few broad uneqr.al acnminate 
lateral ones, or the terminal pair premorse and lower pairs 
falcate alternute and acuminate ; leaves small to medium ; 
stem very slender, erect, annulate ; spathe solitary ; fruit 
ovoid or ellipsoid ; ovule erect : — ... ... cmlxxvii — Pinanga. 

(c) Leaflets short, arching, linear-oblong, premorse ; leaves medium, 

lanceolate in outline, with long sheaths; spathes 2 ; fruit 
ovoid or ellipsoid, often beaked ; ovule pendulous : — 

omlxxxi — Ptychosperna. 

(d) Leaves medium, cinnamon to bronze-coloured, cuneate obovate 

In outline, bifid, oblique at base, deeply laciniated down the 
side with incised segments ; stem and sheaths very spiny; 
upper spathes long club-shaped, lower shorter ; fruit ovoid ; 
ovnle erect: — cmlxxxviii -Stevensonia. 

(C) Spadix usually 1-sexual (or if androgynous, flowers in threes with 

the female above — not between — the males), usually interfoliar j 
seed with equal albumen : — 

(a) Leaflets unequal, linear, premorse and jagged ; upper confluent ; 

leaves long ; stem erect, annulate ; spathe 1 ; frnit ovoid, 
ribbed ; ovule erect : — cmlxxix — Hydriastele. 

(b) Leaflets long, linear, premorse, often 2 lobed as well, at tip, usually 

1 — 2 anricled at base, varionsiy fascicled ; leaves very long ; 
stem densely clothed above with fibrous remains of leaf 



KEY TO SUR-nLASSRS, ORDKRS AND ORNERA. 193 

axXl—PAMJE—cont. 

shoaths ; spathos many ; fruit obovoidly globose with terminal 
stigfmaB, seeds, 1 — 2 — 3: — - ... ... ... ... craxc — Arenga. 

(o) Leaflets ouneato-linoar, premorse, with a largo tooth on each 
side about the middle, fascicled, glaucous below ; leaves long, 
erect, distichous ; stem erect, annulate ; spathes many, 
tubular ; fruit ovoid-oblong 1- — 3 celled and seeded ; ovule 
babslar erect : — ... ... ... ... omlxxxix — Wallichia. 

(2) Fruit a drupo with fibrous pericarp, endocarp woody or stony, with 
3 terminal pits of which 2 answer to arrested cells, tho other 
immediately over the position of the embryo in the subjacent 
albumen ; seed adherent to ondocarp by the diffuse ramifications 
of the raphe all over the seed : — 

(A) Leaflets cuneate, premorse and jagged; leaves medium; stem 

(slender), petioles and leaf-backs densely covered with black 
spines ; spathes double ; fruit globular, fleshy with a hard, 
smooth, pitted stone : — ... ... ••• ••• mxiv— Martinezia. 

(B) Leaflets wedge-shaped, plicate, covered at the hack with white 
scurf giving a silvery appearance, being the segments of a wedge- 
shaped leaf; stem, leaves, spathes, fruit-slalks (sometimes fruit too) 
covered with spiiies ; fruit oval, 1-seeded, sometimes fragrant : — 

mxix — Astrocaryum. 
(ii) Leaflet.^ with a spilt-acuminato (i.e., bifid or bilobed) tip and redupli- 
cate sides ; fruit a hard bfirry : — 

(1) Leaflets linear, equally 2-partite at apex ; leaves long, lanceolate in 
outline ; stem smooth, annulate, grey ; fruit avoid, pendulous, large (size of a 
large egg) : — ... ... ... ... ... ... ... cml.xxv — Actiuorhytis, 

(2) Leaflets linear, long, close, with 2 paleaceous keels, triangularly bifid 
at apex ; leaves medium; stem very slender, annulate; spathes many; fruit 
small, subglobo.fle : — ... ... ... ... ..^ ■ ■ cmlxxxv — Bentinckia. 

(3) Leaflets linear-lanceolate, narrowed to unequally bifid apex, arched; 
leaves medium, arched, with long sheaths ; stems slender, annulate ; fruit 
ovoid or oblong-ovoid: — .- ... .. ... ... cmxcii — Oreodoxa. 

(iii) Leaflets with an acuminate or acute tip, and reduplicate sides : — 
(1) Fruit a 1 — 3-celled hard berry without scales : — 
(A.) Spadix androgynous — male flowers at tips, and, below, male and 
female in pairs in furrows in the spadix, — horizontal from the 
stem below the swelling of the leaf-sheaths ; fruit a sloe- 
like, dark purple, 1-seeded beiTy ; leaflets pendent, lanceolate, 
acuminate, close, scaly beneath ; leaves with cylindric sheaths ; 
which fall with the leaves ; stem slender annulate : — cmxciv — Euterpe. 

(B) Spadix androgynous, flowers in threes with 1 female between 2 

males all along the spike, usually infrafolier : — 

(a) Leaflets linear-lanceolate, acuminate, subglaucons beneath ; 

leaves long with long sheaths thickly covered with brownish- 
black spines ; stems slender, erect, annulate ; fruit black, the 
size of an ear of corn : — cmlxxvi — Acanthophcenix. 

(b) Leaflets linear-lanceolate, acuminate, cm-led either upwards 

or downwards; leaves long ; stems erect, annulate, spadix 
simple ; fruit oblong or ellipsoid . — cmlxxviii— Howea. 

(c) Leaflets linear-lanceolate, acuminate ; leaves long, very dense ; 

stem erect, annulate ; fruit ellipsoid ; spadix branched : — 

cmlxxx — Hedysoepe. 

(d) Leaflets linear-lanceolate, acuminnte (rarely very slightly 

notched at tip) ; leaves long with conspicuously broad raohis ; 
stem erect, annulate : — cmlxxxii — Archontophcenix. 

(e) Leaflets very long, very narrowly linear, acuminate ; leaves 

few, very long ; stem spinous ; fruit globose, purple-black : — 

cmlxxx: V — Oncosperma. 

(C) Spadix usnally 1 -sexual (or if androgynous, in threes with female 

above — not between -the males), usually interfolier : — 
(a) Leaflets lanceolate acute ; leaves very long, arched ; stem 
slender, annulate, swollen at base ; fruit subglobose, covered 
with rough tubex'cles :— cmlxxii — Chrysalidocarpns. 

13 



194 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CXXI— PALM^— cowt. 

(b) Leaflets longf, linear-lanceolate, acumhiate ; leavep medium, 

STib-erect and arching:, with white midrib ; stem erect, annulate, 
above trianprular columnar formed by the sheathiner loaves ; 
fruit olive-like : — cmlxsiii — Hyophhorbe. 

(c) Leaflets long, broad, lanceolate, acuminate, stiff, ribbed and 

plicate close-set ; leaves long, iurfuraceoas scaly on rachi'*, 
costa, and nerves; stem slender, annulate; fruit ellipsoid, 
rathpr sma'l : — cnilxxxiii— Eh palostylis. 

(d) Leaflets long, lanceolate, acuminate, silvery white below ; 

leaves few, medium to long-, arching, erect a^ base, with 
ferruginous petioles; gtem subfusiform, covered with a 
coating of white wax ; fruit Bubglobose : — cmlxxxvii — Ceroxylon. 

(e) Leaflets long, linea'", acuminare (or in one species confluent 

into a simple lanceolate leaf, bifurcate at apex and cuneate at 
base), usually pali green ; leaves short to medium ; stems 
dwarf, very slender, reedlike and polished ; fruit very small, 
oval: — cmlxxxvi — Geonoma. 

(2) Fruit a berry clotiied with reflexed, shining, imbricating, appressed 

scales ; l<»aves copiously and strongly armed ; spadices interfoliar or terminal ; 

spathes usually many: — 

(A) Stem elongate, mostly climbing ; leaf racliis or leaf sheath often 

produced into a Ions' thin whip-like flagellum armed with 
hooked spines, and sheath witii a ligule or ochrea : — 

(a) Spathes tubular, persistent :— mvii— Calamus. 

(b) Spathes cymbiform, open, deciduous: — mviii — DEemonorops. 

(B) Stem short, or none ; no flagellum ; spathes persistent : — 

mix — Zalacca. 
(:S) Fruit a 1 — 3-seeded drupe with fibrous pericarp, terminal stigmas, 
and woody or s'^ony endocarp of which two usually (e>cept ^iii'ea'* answer to 
arrested cells and the third being irumediately over the position of the embryo 
in the subjacent ; albumen ; sepd adherent to the endocarp by the diifuse 
reticulations of the raphe which ramifies all over the seed ; spathes 2 ; spadices 
interfoliar, 1 -sexual or nndrogynous : 

(A) Leaflets horizontal, disti hous, narrow linear, variable according 

to the species, usually plicate; leaves long; stem smooth 
annulate ; drupe sometimes very large : — mxi — Cocos. 

(B) Leaflets honzontal, distichous, linear, the lower, reduced to Spines ; 

leaves very long ; stem jagged with the remains of leaf 
sheaths ; fruit bright red, pyramidally angular with a 
mesocarp of oily flesh -. — mxv — Elseie. 

(C) Leaflets horizontal, in fascicles along the rachis, long, narrow, 

linear, acuminate,: pt^ndent : leaves very long, huge ; stem 
smooth slender ; spathes very long, woody, tapering tubu'ar, 
at last splitting ou one side : — mxiii — Maximiliana. 

(D) Leaflets nprinjiing in pairs from nearly the same spot on the 

rachis, and stHuding out in k11 directions ; leaves long, petioles 
very thick at the base and enclosed in a dense mass of rough 
brown fibres; stem tall, straight; fruit roundish or egg- 
shaped: — mxii — Jubaea. 

(E) Leaflets vertical, distichous and at right angles to the rachis ; 

leaves large, suberect. at base and arching at tips, with plano- 
convex petioles dark brown below and green above ; stem 
tall, sti-aight ; fiuit pendent in clusters, ^-celled and 3- 
seeded: — mxviii — Attalea. 

(4) Fruit syncarpous, globose, of many obovoid-hexagonal 1 -celled and 
seeded carpels, with pyrMmidal tips and infra-apical stigmas, pericarp fleshy 
and fibrous, endocarp spongy and floury; leafli ts exceedingly long, lancfolate, 
acuminate, plicate, rig-id, and glaucous beneath; leaves very long, huj^-e ; 
stem prostrate, branched ; Spathes many, sheathing ; spadices with monoecinus 
flowers, males in catkin-like branches, females in a globose head ; estuarine 
palms: — cmxciv — Ifipa. 

(iv) Leaflets with a spinous tip, sides in duplicate, midrib absent, lanceolnte 
or ensiform J spadix dioecious, iuterfoliar j fruit aa oblong 1-seeded berry with 



KEY To SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 195 

CXXI— PALM^— co»^ 

fleshy pericarp and membranous endocurp ; leaves short to It.nf? j stemB wanting 
to long, wben preacnt jagc^ed with the persistent bases of fallen leaves : — 

cmxcv — Phoenix. 
(Til) Leaves simple, flabelliform, muUicostate with ribs radiating from the 
appx of the petiole, pleated, lobes or segments with iaduplicate sides ; apadicea 
inteifoliar ; spathes many : — 

(i) Flowers usually 2-8exual ; ovary usually of 1 —.3 smooth cai-pels forming 
1 — 3 apocarpous drupes or berries, or (Copetnicia) a solitary elliptical drupe, or 
(Sabal) a deeply 2 — 3 lobed berry, or {Thrinax) I-celled and-ovuled with a solitary 
berry : — 

(1) Petiole armed with recurved prickles or spines: — 

(A) Leaves very large, huge, orbicular or lunate, with 80 — 1 00 segments 

which are ensiform and usually bifid ; stom-tall, spirally rilj^ed 
annulate or with obsolete annulations ; epadix very lari^e, 
paniculate, terminal, fruit 1 — 3 globose, olive-green, drupes : — 

cmxcvi — Corypha. 

(B) Leaves medium, suborbicular to flabellate j usually deeply partitc» 

(9, 18, or 30 segments, which are many lobed with bifid lol'.es, 
rarely 1 species-simph- multifid witn short obtusely lobuJed 
bifid lobes) j stems usually short, annulate (rarely-! species-quite 
smooth) ; apadix simple or tranched ; fruit of 1 — 3 orange or red, 
small, globose, ellipsoid or ovoid, druoes : — ... cmxcix — Licuala. 

(C) Leaves medium, orbicular tiabellate, cut nearly to the middle into 

numerous segments, the margins being always filiferous with 
long whitish threads; stem tall; spadix elongate, panicled : 
fruit of 1 — 3 one-seeded drupes: — ... mii (6t»).— W-^shingtonia. 

(D) Leaves small to medium, orbicular, fan-shaped, or reniform, cut 

to the middle into bifid, narrow, spreading or pendent, lobes, 
margins occasionally shortly filiferous, petioles sheathed at the 
bases with netted fibres; stem usually tall, annulate; sp-ddix 
loosely panicled ; fruit of 1 — 3, globose or olive-like 1-seeded 
drupes:— miii— Livistona. 

(E) Leaves medium, fan-shaped, divided to about one-third of tneir 

length into narrow, sharp-poiuted, erect, segments, glaucous on 
both sides (as are the petioles) ,• stem usually short ; spadix 
panicled ; fruit of 1 — 3 olive-like l-seeded berries : — 

miv — Chamaerops. 
(2) Petiole unarmed : — 

(A) Leaves medium, fan-shaped, covered with yellowish wax when 

young ; stem erect, covered with leaf-sheaths ,• spadix branching ; 

fiuit an ellipsoid yellowish drupe : — ... ... cmxcvii — Copernicia. 

(B) Leaves medium, palmatisect, fan-shaped, white-downy when 

yonngr, petiole covered wjth white-scalv tomentura with a few 
brown fibres at the base ; stem rather shoit ; spadix stilkod and 
branched ; fruit of 1 — 3 drupes resembling a black-heart cherry : — 

mii — Pritchardia. 

(C) Leaves medium, suborbicular or reniform, multisect with narrow 

bifid segments half way down, suhglaucous beneath, youno- 
furfuraceously-hairy : stem erect, partially or wholly covered 
with leaf-sheaths ; spadix stoat, branched ; fruit of 1 — 3 oblong 
or reniform bluish drupes : — mvi— Trachycarpus. 

(D) Leaves medium, orbicular, fan-shaped, or cordiform, multifid to 

one-third of their length, often filiferous between the segiients, 
sometimes glaucous ; stem very short to tall ; spadix-long, large, 
decompotmd : fruit a single 2 — 3-lobed dark green berry : — 

m — Sabal. 

(E) Leaves small to medium, orbicular, fan-shaped, or reniform, 

multifid to two-thirds or more of their length into linear bifid 
segments, petiole slen-ier, biconvex : stems short, covered with 
persistent leaf-sheaths above, annulated below : spadix elongate, 
paniculate, rachis covered with a tubular sheath ; fruit a 
solitary, small, pea-like, 1-aeeded berry : — ... ,.. mi — Thrinax. 

13-A 



196' KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

CXXI— PALM^— con-i. 

(F) Leaves small, fan-shaped or semiorbicular, 5 — 7 partite to the 
racbis, sej^ments indented, erose at apex, ciliate-spinnlose along 
the edges and costae, petioles round ancipital, sheaths split into 
a fibrous net-work ; stem short, slender, cane-like, sheathed by 
persistent bases of leaves ; spadix branched, sheathed in 
incomplete spathe ; fruit ot 1---3 small obovoid berries : — 

mv — Rhapis. 
(ii) Flowers dicEcions, males minute sunk in the cavities of catkin-like 
branches with glnmaceous perianth, females very large sessile on very short 
branches of a very stout spadix, each clothed with large coriaceous rounded 
bracts ; fruit a drupe of 1 — ^3 pyrenes, seeds with testa adhering to the pyrenes :- 

(1) Leaves medium to large, fan-shaped, multifid to two-thirds of their 
length in males with linear flexible segments, to oiie-lhird of their length in 
females with ensiform rigid segments, petiole serrate-toothed but scarcely 
spinous ; stem tall, covered with leaf sheaths for a lonij period, ultimately 
annulate, gouty based, and usually more swollen at apex than in the middle : 
spadix very large, simply branched : drupe large, brown to bla'.'k, subglobose, 

with thinlv fleshy pericarp and 1—3 fibrous, oboordate, pyrenes: — ... nix — BoraSBUs. 

(2) Leaves very large to huge, oblong-fan-shaped, multifid, petiole 
Spinous ; stem erect, columnar, base rounded and fitting into a bowl or socket of 
same consistence as the nuts ; fruit a large drupe with fibrous pericarp and 1 — 3 
hard, black, pyrenes divided half way down : — • ... ... ... mxix — Lodoicea. 

(3) Leaves medium, fan-shaped or sub-orbicular, multifid to one-to two- 
thirds their length, usually glaucous, one species the segments margined with 
chocolate, another species with golden ribs, petiole glaucous, chocolate, or golden, 
unarmed; stems short, annulate; fruit yellowish, subtrigonous-globose, with 

3 rough pyrenes covered with a bony net-work : — ... ... ... mxi — Latania 

CXXII— CTCLANTHACE^— 

(I) Characters of order (q.v. in the Synopsis) ; leaves small to medium, 
palm-like, usually 4-(2 — 5-) partite to apex of petiole, segments lobed, pleated : — 

mxx — Carludovica. 
CXXIII— PANDANACE.^— 

[^Anatomical features.~-A transverse section through the stem shows numer- 
ous fibrovascular bundles, each consisting of a gi-eat hard horny mass of wood- 
fibres with one or several groups of vessels and sieve tubes. The leaf traces 
bend inwards from the leaf trace and JDin on to other fibrovascular bundles, but 
they do not show a regular bend outwards as in the case of the Palms.] 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — .. ... mxxi — Pandanns. 

CXXIV— TYPHACE^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis): — mxxii — -Typha. 

CXXV— ARAOEiE— 
(I)^ Flowers unisexual, monoecious ; spadix without an appendage : — 
(i) Stem scandent, mostly epiphytic : — 

(1) Leaves pedately divided ; spadix wholly covered with flowers, males 
above, consisting of 4 — 5 two-celled anthers opening by pores, females below, 
consisting of casual ovaries fused together each 1-celled and seeded ; spathe 
greenish yellow encircling spadix : — mxxiii — Syngonium. 

(2) Leaves large, often irregularly lobed, articulated to petiole, veins 
very small and densely crowded ; spadix wholly covered with flowers, males 
above with sessile anthers opening at apex, sterile flowers intermediate, female 
below, consisting of a many celled ovary with many ovules attached to the inner 
angle of each cell by funicles ; spathe short of the same size as the spadix, 
opening after fertilization of flowers, diciduous when fruit ripens : — 

mxxiii — Philodendron. 
(ii) Stem erect or partially procumbent, fleshy, short, shrubby ; leaves 
usually oblong, green or more usually variegated with white or yellow, penni- 
neryed, nerves first divergent then curving upwards and uniting on the margin, 
petiole fleshy and sheathing at base ; spadix wholly covered with flowers, male 
above, female below consisting of an ovary with sessile stigma and 2 — i stamin- 
odes J spathe green or yellow remaining fresh (not marcescent) until the fruit is 
ripe: — ... , mxxv — Dieffenbachia. 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, OKnKRS AND GENERA. 197 

CXXV—AB. ACE JE—cont. 

(II) Flowers hermaphrodite (rarely a few l-sexual); epadix without append- 
age J leave'? distichous, petiole jointed at apex j epiphytic climbers : — 
(i) Perianth none : — 

(1) Flowers wholely bisexual : — 

(A) Ovary 1-ceiled, ovule; bosal ; berries free ; leaves entiie, ovate, 

elhptic-ovate or snborbicular, caudate, Bometimes cordate: — 

mxxvi ScindapsuB. 

(B) Ovary 1-celled, ovules 1 — 3 ; berries confluent ; leaves entire 

oblont^-cordate, or else entire when young and pinnatifid or 
pinnatiseot with falcate truncate segments when old, but 
always with large perforations along the region of the 
midrib: — ... ... ... ... ... mxxviii — Epipremnum. 

(C) Ovary 1 — 2-cened, ovules many ; berries confluent; leaves when 

yoang entire ovate and when old perforate or pinnatifid below 

the middle : — }... ... ... ... mxxvii — Jihaphidophora. 

(2) Flowers hermaphrodite above and female only below along the spadix ; 
Ovary 1-celled, ovules 1 — 3 ; berries confluent; leaves entire or perforated with 
lobes when young and pinnatiseot to more than half way down with acuminate 
falcHte lobes when old : — .... ... mxxix— Monstera. 

(ii) Perianth of 4 — 6-Begments ; Ovary 1 — 3-celled, ovale 1 on the inner 
angle of the cell ; leaves entire with either a broad fiat truncate petiole and 
short entire sheath, or a very short petiole with semi-amplexicarel base and no 
sheath: — ... ... ... ... .«. ... ... ... .•• mxxx — Pothoa. 

CXXVI— GBAMINACE^— 

(I) Mature spikelets separating entirely from their pedicels or falling with 
them, spikelets similar or differing in spx and structure, perfect spikelets with 2 
heteromorphous spikelets, the upper hermaphrodite, the lower male or barren ; 
rachilla not continued above the upper floret:— 

(i) Spikelets usually in continuous spikes, racemes or panicles ; glumes 
herbaceous or membranous, the lower smaller (sometimes very small or sup- 
pressed) ; lower flowering glume generally resembling the outer glumes in struc- 
ture and nervation, the upper firmer and at length rigid, often papery to 
orustaceous, awnless or rarely nmoronate : — 

(1) Flowers dioecious ; inflorescence of large terminal globose bracteate 
heads with radiating spikes, males with many, females with one, spikelet in each 
spike ; leaves long, rigid, spine-tipped, glaucous, involute ; gregarious, much 
branched, rigid, littoral bashes: — mxxxii — Spinifex. 

(2) Flowers not dicecious: — 

(A) Spikelf^ts 2-flowered, upper bisexual, lower male or neuter, mature 

falling entire and sintrly from the tips of their pedicels, 

not subtended by bristles; branches of panicle not produced 

beyond the uppermost spikelets ; spikelets very numerous and 

small, crowded on the capillary branches of a very large 

panicle ; glumes 4, all very minute ; leaves broad, flat ; stem 

solid ; large glabrous grass : — ... mxzxi — Thysanolaena. 

(ii) Spikelets usually in pairs, one cessile, the other pedicelled, or the 

terminal ternate or solitary, on the axis of usually a spike-like raceme ; outer 

glumes more or less rigid and firmer than the flowering glomes, the lower always 

longer than the florets; flowering glumes membranous (often hyaline), that of 

the upper floret often awned ov reduced to an awn : — 

(1) Panicle spiciform, or cylindric thyrsus, silvery silky, 1 flowered, not 
awned ; leaves narrow ; stem leafy, with solid internodes ; erect perennial 
grass: — ... ... ... ... .. ... ... ... ■. mxxxiii — Imperata. 

(2) Panicle a nodding fan-shaped corymb, 2-flowered, awned ; leaves 
narrow ; stem as thick as a goose-quill ; tall perennial grass : — mxsxiv— Miscanthus. 

(3) Panicle much branched, open, silky, with fragile rachia, spike.s 
awnless ; leaves narrow, flat ; tall pi^rennial grass : — ... ... mxxxiv — Saccharum. 

(II) Mature spikelets breaking up, leaving the persistent (or sub-persistent) 
glumes on the pedicel ; or if falling entire, the not compoeed of two heteromor- 
phous florets : — 

(i) Leaf blades not transversely veined, and not articulated on to the 
aheath ; spikelets not inserted in notches or pits of a simple rachis, panicled, 2- 
or more-flowered : — ' 



198 KEY TO SDB-CL&SSES, ORDERS AND QENKRA. 

CXXVI— GEAMINACEtE— con*. 

(1) Rachilla not contimiecl beyond tbe upper florPt ; spikelets 2-flowp«rpd, 
minute ; glumes raembranoup, rachilla and ke^l of flowering glumes ciliate ; 
panicle thyrsiform ; leaves as long as, or longer than, the stem, narrow, coriaceous, 
convolute ; stems rigid, as thick as a crow-quill, base woody : — ... mxsxvi — Zenkeria. 

(2) Rachilla continued beyond the upper floret, or if not continued 
(Fhragrmtes), then elongated between the flowering glumes and penicillately 
hairy ; spikelets not awned, or if awned, then the awn not twisted : — 

(A) Spikelets conspicuous, not in globose clusters ; flowering glomes 
1 — 8-nerved : — 

(a) Spikelets penicillate with long silky hairs on the flowering 

glumes or callus, or both, and paniculate : — 
(\) Flowers hermaphrodite ; lowest fluwering glume sometimes 
male or neater: — 
(*) Rachilla glabrous ; flowering glumes dorsally hairy beyond 
the middle ; leaves flat ; tall stout perennial grasses : — 

mxsxyii — Arundo. 
(**) Rachilla hirsute ; flowering glumes glabroas ; leaves long; 

tall perennial grasses : — ... ... mxxxix — Phragmites. 

{p) llowers dioecious ; spikelets 2-flow-ered ; panicles large, 
silvery white, feather-like ; leaves very long, linear, 
glaucous green, with rough edges ; tall perennial grasses: — 

mxxxviii — Grynerium. 

(b) Spikelets not penicillate with long silky hairs ; many -flowered: — 
(a) Outer glumes longer than the lowest flowering glumes ; grain 

broad concave ; leaves very long, flat ; tall, stout, glahrous, 
perennial grass of marshes : — ... ... mxxxix — Alyriostachya. 

(/3) Outer glumes shoiter than the lowest flowering j^lume; grain 
ellipsoid, compressed, grooved ; leaves narrow, rigid, con- 
volute ; tall, stout, perennial, glabrous grass, with branching, 
creeping, sheathed rootstock, of the sea-coast : — 

mxli — Halopyrum. 
(ii) Leaf blades transversely veined (tessellately nerved), flat and articu- 
lated to the sheaih by the peti.'le ; spikelets 1 — 4-flow^red, secund, biseriate on 
the rachis of a simple spike ; tall erect perennial grass: — ... mxlii — Str.^ptogyna. 

(iii) Leaf blades transversely veined (tessellately nerved), flat and articu- 
lated to the sheath by the pt-tiole ; spikelets 1-to many-flowered, in spikes, 
heads, whorls, racemes, or panicles, simple or pauicled, but not in secund bise- 
riate spikes : — (Bamuuse.!;) : — 

{^Anatomical features. — Perennial grasses, as a rule of extremely gregarious habit. 
A woody rootstock or rhizome, consisting, in the case of tufted spacies, of short twisted 
entangled bianches, producing a large number of more or less closely packed woody 
stems (culms), or, in the case of single-stemmed species, with long creeping branches 
producing a number of culms from 1 to 3 feet apart. The culms are jointed, hollow- 
between joints, rarely climbing, usually erect, the outer culms of the clump often 
overhanging, in some species the colms almost lying on the gronr.d. The young shoots, 
which come up in the rwiny season, either in the niidst of dense clumps or, in the single- 
stemmed species, separately from the ground, have the full diameter of the culm, hut 
are quite soft. They are enclosed in large, generally coriaceous, sheaths, often hairy 
outside, which arise from the joints or nodes, and as a rule teim'nate in a more or 
less imperfect blade. These sheaths, like those which bear the ordinary green leaves 
of the bambof s, are strictly alternate, there is an angle or interval of 180° between the 
axillary bads of two successive sheaths. 'Ihe general appearance, length, texture, and 
shap(; of these sheaths and their blade nfford good characters for distinguishing the 
different species. The leaves are distichous, and consist of a tubular sheath, split to 
the base, and a linear-oblong or lanceolate blade with a midrib and numerous kiugi- 
tudinal veins (flbro\ascalar bundles), usually of two classes, stout or coarse and thin, 
generally .'>-9 thin between two stout nerves. The blade is joined to the sheath by a 
short petiole. Half way between two longitudinal nerves, and parallel to them, is a 
transparent band, due to several lines of large cells, belonging to the upper epidermis, 
which are frequently (but nut in all.cises) filled with bright colourless masses of sili.'-a 
(silicon dioxide). All bamboos have transverse veins, consistintr of wood fibres, which 
run across from one longitudinal nerve to the next, straight, oblique, or with a bend in 
middle. In many species thesf transverse veins are conspicuous, particularly on dry 



KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDEES AND GENERA. 199 

CXXVT— GRAMINACE^— cu«f. 

leaves, but they can usually be distingfuiahed, und^r the lens or raicroscope, as bright 
triinslucent dots at the point where they cross the eilic-a cells ('' translucent glands ", 
Qanbie). Pie -es ofdrv leaves boiled in water, and examined in glycerine, often show the 
tranavcrso veins: they can bo made more conspicuous by bleaching agents or by scmp- 
ing off part of the tissue filled with cldoro»phyll. On the under side of the lea*' the epi- 
dermis lias numerous solid protuberances or hairs, which are usually short and thick- 
waller), in (!ome species long and soft. . . . The titpue of the culm is very firm 
consisMng of tlosed fibrovascular bundles aud, oh e fly near the surface, large masses 
of sclerenchyniat. us c lis and fibres. The branches of the rhizome are solid. The 
young shoots of b-.imbnos are solid, con.sistinsr of «-xeeedingly soft tissue.] 

(1) Pericarp thin, me-Tibranous, adnate to the seed : — 

(A) Stamens S; spikelets 1 — to many-flowered, racemed or panicled ; 

empty glumes 1-2 ; leaves usually with conspicuous transverse 
veins dividing the leaf into rectangles or squares ; stems 
slender, seldom 20 ft. high, nodes usually prominent, iaternodes 
rather short, branches short fascicled : — mxlii — Aruadinaria 

(B) Stamens 6 :— 

(a) Kilai.ients free ; spikelets 3 — 10, flowered, ?enerally, in large 

leaflets pan jcles of haad 8 on spiciform branches, or in leafy 
panicles, or in panicled spikes ; pales prominently 2-keeled, 
subentire ; leav«^ s not tessellate by nervtsles, but sometimes 
by pelhu id glands ; sheaths variously auricled ; stems usually 
large and caespitose :— msliv— Bambusa. 

(b) Filaments connate; spikelets few flowered, capitate or who>led 

on branches in large panicles j pales of tipper flowers none, 
or glume like ; Icav-s large or small : stem.-, arborescent or 
scandeiit, unarmed, with a stout, usually creeping and 
s-oloniferous, rootstock : — mxlv— Oxytenanthera. 

(2) Pericarp crustaceous, coriacious, or fleshy :— 

(A) Pales always 2-keeled ; transver&e veins of leaves not con- 

Sp'CUOUS : — 

(a)— Spikelets 2-or-more-flowered, only one usually fertile, usually 
capitate on the branches of a panicle ; ovary hirsute at top ; 
pen. arp crustaceous ; leaves with pellucid grlands ; stems 
arborescent, unatmed, with densely branching rootstocks: — 

mxlsi — Dendrocalamus. 
(b) Spikelets 1-flowered : — 

(a) Spikelets in long narrow spikes on the branches of a panicle ; 
stems tl.in, arching, subscandent with pendulous branches 
and papery stf^m-sheaths : — mslvii- Teinostachyum. 

(i ) Spikelets crowded in globose heads ; stems slender, straight 
shrubby, with auricled stem-sheaths : — 

mxlviii — Cephalostachynm. 

(B) Pale.^ none, or glume-like ; stamens 6—120; leaves as in Bambusa, 

margins cartilaginous, nerves many, sheaths striate, fr-.nge'i 
ligule (except 1 species) short; stems shrubby, reed-like, 
gregarious, often overhanging, internodes rather long ar d thin- 
wallr-d, stem-sheaths thin and peisiatent with small auiicles : — 

mslix — Ochlandra. 
CXXVII- GLEICHENIACK^— 

(I) Characters of the order (q.v. in the Synopsis) s — ml — Gleichenia. 

CXXVIII— POLYPODIACE^— 

(I) King surrounding sporangia more or less obliquely vertical, nearly 
complete; sporangia crowoed, obliquely laterally compressed (or sub-com- 
pressed), bui sting horizontally : — 

(i) Sori v.ithout indusium, globose, dorsal on, or at the forking of, a vein ; 
tree-ferns with tall ca-.dex • fronds compoundly pinnate, veins simpl«, forked or 
pinnate, not anastamr sing: — mli -Alsophila. 

(ii) Sori involucrate, i.e., with an inferior indusium and elevated 
receptacles : — 

(1) Involucre membranous, at first globose and covering the sorus, then 
circumscissile noar the apex leaving a cup; tree fern with arborescent caudex; 
frottds large bipinnate j receptacles close to the coata : — mlii — Cyathea. 



200 KEY TO SUB-CLASSES, ORDERS AND GENERA. 

OXXVIII-POLYPODIACE^— con*. 

(2) Involucre coriaceous, globose, stalked ; receptacles medial on lower 
anterior venulhes ; rhizome large, globose ; fronds tripinate : — mliii — SphaeropteriB. 

(3) Involucre half-cup shaped ; tree ferns; fronts pinnate, bipinnate, or 
decompound: — mlix— Hemitelia. 

(II) Eing surrounding sporangia vertical, nearly complete ; sporangia usually 
stalked, gibbous, bursting tranversely : — 

(i) Sori furnished with an indusium ; fronds herbaceous or coriaceous, opaque : — 

(1) Sori marginal or submarginal: — 

(A) Indusium opening apically towards edge of frond, apical or sub- 

apical on a vein; sori discrete; shrubby ferns with thick 
creeping caudex ; fronds tripinnate : — ... .. mliv — Davallia. 

(B) Indusium opening inwardly towards the midrib of the frond ; 

sori on a slender filiform receptacle in the axis of the indusium, 
connecting several veins, linear and continuous ; shrubby ferns, 
tufted or with creeping rhizme : fronds various : — ... mlv — Pteris. 

(2) Sori remote from the margin of the frond: — 

(A) Indusium linear or oblong : — 

(a) Indusium membranons, parallel and close to, and opening to- 

wards, the midrib ; tree.ferns with stout scaly caudex ; fronds 
pinnate: — ... ... ... • ... nilvi— Blechnnm. 

(b) IndusiuiQ divergent from midrib, single. and opening towards 

midrib, or double and opening both towardfi midrib and 
towards margin of frond ; small tree, or shrubly ferns ; fronds 
usually bi(sometimes simply or tri-) pinnate : — mlvii— Asplenium. 

(B) Indnsium reniform : — 

(a) Fronds simple, articulated, veins parallel, forked, soriferous at or 

near the base ; semi-scaudent small tree fern : — mlxviii — Oleandra. 

(b) Fronds mostly pinnate, pinnae mostly divided, not articulate, 

nor white dotted above ; shrubby ferns: — mlviii — Nephrodium. 

(c) Frond spinnate, pinnae always simple, articulate at base and with 

white cretaceous dots above ; shrubby ferns : — mlxi — Nephrolepis. 
(ii) Sori without indusium: — 

(1) Sori on the back of the lobes confined to the veins, round or very 
fcilightly oblong ; shrubby ferns with erect or creeping caudex ; fronds usually 
pinnatifid at apex, increasing to bi-or-tri-pinnate below :— ... mlxii — Polypodium. 

(2) Sori not confined to veins, but occupying the whole, or nearly the 
whole, undersurface of the frond: — 

(A) Margin of fioud not revolute to form a false indnsium ; shrubby 

or climbing ferns ; fronds simply pinnate : — mlxiii — Acrostichum. 

(B) Margin of frond re\olute to form false indusium ; shrubby fern ; 
fronds pinnatifid : — ... ... mlxiv — Lomaria. 

CXXIX— SCHIZ.a3ACE^— 

(I) Characters of the Order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — mlx^ — Lygodium, 

CXXX— MARATTIACE^— 

(I) Sporangia without any ring, opening by a slit down one side, or by a pore 
at the apex, dorsal; — 

(i) Sporangia free, crowded in two opposite linear series ; large shrubby 
ferns ; fronds very large, bipinnate, with 2 fleshy persistent stipuliform append- 
ages : — ... ... ... ... ••• ... mlxvi — Angiopteris. 

(ii) Sporangia concrete, in two opposite linear series ; large shrubby ferns 
leaves bipinnate, pinnae serrate : — ... .. ... mlxvii — Marattia. 

(II) Sporangia with rudimentary ring, bivalved, on rachiform portions of 
fronds, or separate fronds, forming a panicled inflorscence ; fronds pinnate or 
bipinnate: — ... ... ... ••. ... ... mlxviii — Osmunda. 

CXXXI— LYCOPODIACE^— 

(I) Characters of the Order (q.v. in the Synopsis) : — ... mlxix — Lycopodinm. 



BOTANICAL INDEX 



[NOTE.- 



-Ordinary type — name adopted j Italics- 
adopted name.] 



-Synonym of 



S'O. NO. 

i. Abelia (Br.) cdlxxvi 

1. floribunda (Dene.). ... 1431 
i. (bi*.) Abehnoschus ficuine-M^ 

(W.&A.) ... -238 (bis.) 

)i. Abies (Jws.s.) ... ... ... cmxii 

2. Araucaria (Poir.) 2837 

3. arctica (A. Mnrr.) ... 2864 

4. casrulea (Lodd.) 2864 

5. californica (Hort. 

Steud.) 2866 

6. canadensis (Mill.) 2864 

7. cedrus (Poir.) 2862 

8. cephalonica (Link.) ... 2868 

9. chlorocarpa fBorkt.) ... 2863 

10. columbaria (Desf.) ... 2838 

11. curvifora (Salisb.) ... 2864 

12. Daw mara (Poir.) 2832 

13. densa (Griff.) 2871 

14. Deodara (Lindl.) 2862 

15. Donglasii (Lindl.) 2866 

16. elegans (Sw.) 2863 

17. erythrocarpa {Pnvk.) ... 2863 

18. excelsa (Poir.) 2863 

19. rairewa (Fries.) 2863 

20. gigantea (Sm.) 2863 

21. glauca (Roezl.) 2867 

22. hirtella (Link.) 2867 

23. hispanica (Uecham.) ... 2870 

24. inverta (R.Sm.) 2863 

25. Khutroic (Loud.) .. ... 2865 

26. leioclada (Stf'v.) 2869 

27. Lemoniana (Booth.) ... 2863 

28. Lindleyana (Bonl.) ... 2867 

29. Luscombeana (liOud.) ... 2868 

30. inedioxima (Laws.) ... 2863 

31. mineata {Knight.) ... 2863 

32. montana (Nym.) ... 2863 

33. Morinda (Loud.) ... 2865 

34. mucronata (Eaach.) ... 2863 

35. mucronata (Rafin.) ... 2866 

36. Nordmanniana {Spach.). 2869 

37. obliqua (Brong.) 2866 

38. panachaica (Heldr.) ... 2868 

39. parvula (Knight.) ... 2863 

40. pectinata (Gilib.) 2863 

41. pendula (Lindl.) 2865 

42. Ptcea(Mill.) 2863 



44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 
52. 



I NO. Abies — cant, no. 

I 43- Piwiro u> (Spach.) ... .. 2871-i 

Pinsapo (Boiss.) 2870 

religiosa (H. B. ^ K.) ... 2867 

Samatiana (De^f.) 2832 

Smithiai,a (Forbes.) .. 2865 

spectahilis (Spaoh.) 2871 

spinulosa (Griff.) 2865 

taxifolia (Lamb.) 2866 

viminalis (Webb.) 2863 

Webbiana (Lindl.) 2871 

iii. Abroma (Jacq.) ... ... cxiv 

53. an'jidata (Lamk.) ... ... 303 

54. angu.^ta {Linn.) ... ... 303 

55. fastuosa (Gasrtn.) .303-6 

56. Wheleri {Wheeleii) (Reiz.) 302 
iv. Abrus {Linn.) ... ... ... cccv 

57. minor (Desv.) 810 

58. paucijlorus (IDe.sv.) ... ... 810 

59. precatorius (Linn.) ... ... 810 

60. pulchellus {Wall.) 811 

V. Abutilon {Gasrtn.) ... ... Isxsix 

61. alhidum (Webb. & Berth.) 226 
asiaticum {O. Don.) ... 221 
asiatium (W, & A.) ... 222 
crispam {0. Don.) ... 225 

Darwinii {Bk. f.) 218 

fruticosum {Quill ^ Ferr.) 226 

glaucuiii (G. Don.) ... ... 224 

gra-veolens {W. ^ A.) ... 223 

indicum {G. Don.) ... 222 

mirophyllum (A. Eich.) ... 226 

muticum {Q. Don.) . 224 

neilgherrense LMunro.) .,, 227 
polyandrum {Schlecht 

O. Don.) . 220 

striatum (Dicks.) .. ... 219 

vi. Acacia (Willd.) ... ccclxvii 

75. adenophylla (Spreng.) 1017 

alba (Willd.) 1033 

alliacea (Hani.) ... ... 1039-6 

amara (Wilid.) ... ... 1050 

amblycarpa (Grab.) ... 1040-fc 

arabica (Willd.) 1029 

arcuata (Sieb.) ... ... 1016 

arcuata (Done.) 1033 

argyrophylla (Hk.) ... 1019 

armata (E. Br.) 1023 

Baileyana (Mii^ll.) .. ,. 1024 



62. 
63. 
64. 
65. 
66. 
67. 
68. 
69. 
70. 
71. 
72. 
73. 

74. 



76. 
77. 
78. 
79. 
80. 
81. 
82. 
83. 
84. 
85. 



202 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Acacia — cont. no. 

8a. hicepHDc.) 1010 

87. hombycina (Benth.) ... 1019 

i<8. braohybotrya {Benth.). ... 1019 

89. hrecipes (A. Cunn.) ... 1016 

90. cms I a (Wall.) lC40-b 

91. CamphelliiArn.) 102S 

92. C&tecnu (n^tUd.) 1035-0 

93. Caiec/iu (Brand.) 1035-6 

94. Catechu (W. & A.). ..- 1034 

95. catechuoides (Wall.) ... 1035-c 

96. chrysocoma {Miq.) 1032 

97. Chandra (Willd.) 1035-b 

98. cinerea (Sp;eng.) ... 1008 

99. concinna (D C.) 1038 

100. concinna (Wall.) 1040-6 

101. cumanensis {'Bbt. Sz Bp.) ... 1005 

102. Dalea (Desv.) 1008 

103. dealbata {Link.) 1018 

104. deciirrens (W'ii/d.) 1017 

10^. de/i.sa (Wall.) 1033 6 

106. dictyosperma (Benth.) ... 1019 

107. diptera^WlWd.) 1005 

108. dumosa (W. & A.) 1037 

109. ebTjrnea {Willd.) 1031 

110. elata {Grsih.) 1047-6 

111. emar<jinut% {Wend].) ... 1021 

112. falcida (Sieb.) 1005 

113. falcinella (Meiss.) 1022 

114. FarEesiana {Willd.) ... 1027 

115. Farnesiana (Wall.) 1028 

116. fermgiiiea {D.C.) 1026 

217. jftexuom (Lam.) ... ... 1005 

118. furcatn (Desv.) 1005 

119. glaura (D.G.) -. ... 1010 

120. homolophylla {A. Cunn.) ... 1025 

121. Hooueriaria (Zippel.) ... 1038 

122. impiexa (B^nth.) 1020 

123. indica (Desv.) 1027 

124. liitsia. {Willd.) 1039 

125. intsioiden (D.C.) 1039-6 

12B. irrorata {Sieh.) 1018 

127. Julihris.:<in (Willd.) ... 1048 

128. julijl -ra {VfiWd.) 1005 

129. IcBV i g ata {tiht. & Bp.) ... 1005 

130. latifoUa {Tiesv.) 1016 

131. Latronum {'fUlld.) ... 1037 

132. Lehhek (Willd.) 1044 

133. leucocephala (D C.) ... 1010 
1.S4. leucophlaea {Willd.) ... 1033 

135. lomatocarpoi (D.C.) ... 1046 

136. marginata (Ham.) ... ... 1049 

137. megaladeno (Desv.) ... 1040 

138. melaaoxylon (Br.) 1016 

139. wioZiis (Wall) 1048-6 

140. mollissima (Willd.) 1017 

141. Nellyrema (Grab.) 1050 

142. Neniu (Willd.) 1048 

14:3. nitida {WiWd.) 1053-6 

144. odoratissima (Willd.) ... 1046 

145. paludosa (Miq.) 1040 

146. pennata (IFiiW.) 1040 

li7. /T/tnata (Dalz. & Gibs.) ... 1040 

148. planifrons ( IF. ^ ^.) ... 1028 



No. Acacia — cont. No. 

149. polyacanthn (Willd.) ...1035a 

150. p>-en^ans (Lowe) ... ... 1040 

151. pr&cera (Willd.) 1047 

152. Fseu'do-vntsiaCsliq.) ...1039-6 

153. pnlchella (R. ??■/•.) 1026 

154. pyoiiantha {Benth.) ... 10:^2 

155. roiuite (Bed. in F.A.R.) ... 1016 

156. Roxburghii (W. & A.) ... 1028 

157. salinarum (D.C.) ... 1005 

158. Siliquastrum (Lag.) ... 1005 

159. Siriss'i (Ham.) 1044 

160. speciosa (Wilid.) 1044 

161. ^mithiana {Wa,ll) ... 1049 

162. .■itipulata {D.C.) ... ... 1049 

163. Btricta {mild.) 1021 

164. sulcipes (Sieb.) 1017 

165. Snma, {Kurz.) 1034 

166. Sundra (Wall.) 1034 

167. tamarindifolia 'GriBeh.)... 1014 

168. tomentclla {Upp.) 1040-6 

169. tomentosa (Willd.) ... 1032 

170. umbrjcuiata (Wall.) ... 1087 

171. vera (Willd.) 10i9 

172. WalUchiana ( D .C.) ... 1035-a 

173. Wigbtii {Baker.) 1030 

vii. Acalypha (Linn.) ... dcccxliv 

174. ainifolia {Klein.) ... 2863 

175. amentar.ea (R'jxb.) ... 2662 

176. Baroni (Baker.) 2666 

177. betuUna CRetz ) 2662 

178. Brounei (Sphalm.) ... 2666 

179. capitataiW all) 2662 

180. capitata (WaW.) 2663 

181. caudata (Hb. & K.) ... 2667 

182. cwullata (Poir.) ... 2667 

183. densiftora (Blume.) ... 2664-6 

184. fruticosa (Forsk.) ... Z663 

185. Godseffiana (Masters.) 2669 
186. 



{Bort. 



Hamiltoniana 

Brua?it.) 
hispida ( liurm.) ... 
Macajeeana (Veitch ) 
macrophylla (Hb. 

& K.)" 

macrostachya (Griseb.) 
marginata ■ Spreng.) 
musaica (Hort.) ... 
rubra (Koronha.)... 
Sanderi (Hort.) ... 
Sanderiana (Hort.) 
syici/Iora (Liuu.) 
tomentosa (Bojer.) 
torta (Hort.) 
iristis (Poep. & Endl.) 
triumphans (L. Lind.) 
Acartvge congesta (Lindl.) 
dentata (Lindl.) ... 
exca' ati (Lindl.) .. 
papulosa (Lindl.) 
Wightiana (Liudl.) 
I. AOA.NTHACE-E ... 
viii. Acantbophajnix (H. 
Wendl.) 



187. 
188. 
189. 

190. 
191. 
192. 
193. 
194. 
195. 
196. 
197. 
198. 
199. 
200. 
201. 
202. 
203. 
204. 
205. 



2670 
,. 2664 
. 2(^65-6 

.2667-6 

,. 2'367 

,. 2668 

,. 2665 

. 2664 

.. 2664 

.. 2664 

. 2664 

,. 2668 

. 2664^ 

. 26 7 

. 2665 

. 2972 

. 2968 

... 2970 

... 2971 

2968, 2969 

LXXXIiI 

cmlxxvi 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



203 



NO. AoanthophcBnix— cont. 

206. rubra (H. Wendl.) 
ix. Acanthus (Linn.) ... 

207. ciliaris (Bin m.) ... 

208. Doloarius (Blanco) 

209. ilicifoliu8 (Li'n7i.) .. 

210. mollis {Linn.) 

211. maderaspatensis (Linn.). 



NO. 

3131 
ccvi 
2221 
2223 
2223 
2i24 
2221, 
2222 
222 + 
2222 
2224 
ccl 
643 
618 
647 
646 
643 
643 
H45 
644 
rilx 
1692 
1679 
1679 
1679 
1679 
1679 



212. latifolius {Hort. G&eze.) 

213. repen.t (Vahl ) 

214. spinosissimus (flort.) 
X. Acer (Tournef.) 

215. Buzimpala (Ham.) 

216. Campbeilii (Hk.f. ^- T.) 

217. Hookeri {Miq.) ... 

218. lajvig'aturn {Wall.) 
219- laiorifolium (D. Don.) 

220. oblongnm (Wall.) 

221. platanoides {Linn.) 

222. Pseudoplatanus {Lirvti.) 
xi. Achras {Linn.) 

223. Balata (Aubl.) ... 

224. forruginea (Casar.) 

225. Sapota {Linn.) 

226. verrucosa (Stokes.) 

227. Zapota (Linn.) 

228. Zapotilla (.Jacq.) ... 

229. Acvmus ^aliens {patens.) 

"(Soland.) 2717 

230. Achyrantltes alopecuroides 

(Lamk.) 2374 

231. calcpolata (Hb. Russel.) ... 2373 

232. jalceica (Pers.) 2374 

233. qlavan (Kb. Heyne) 2373 

234. incanalKosh.) 2374 

235. 77. ontawa (Klein.) 2372 

236. Achyrunthes polygonoides 

(Ketz.) 2372 

237. scandens {Ros.h.) 2375 

238. Acilepis squarrosa 

(D.Don.) 1593 

239. Acme7iaparviJlora{D.C.) ... 1232 

240. zeylanica ( Thwaitps.) ... 1232 
xii. Acrocarpus (IF. ^' .4.) ... ccclxvi 

241. comhretijlorus (Teysm. 

&Binn.) 1015 

242. traxinifolius [Wight) ... 1015 
xiii. Acronvchia {Forst.) ... cxlvii 

243. lanrifolia {Bl.) 388 

244. peduTicuIata iMiq.) ... 388 
xiv. Acrostichnm {Linn.) ... mlxiii 

245. anreum {Linn.) .. ... 3379 

246. emarginatum (Rosb.) .. 3379 

247. inxquale {WiUd.) 3379 

248. palu-tre {Bedd.) 3378 

249. specioswrn (Willrl.) ... 3379 
XV. Actephila {Blume.) ...dcccxiii 

250. exoelsa {Muell.) ... ... 2554 

251. neihilierren^is {Thvf^ ...2554 6 

252. neilgherrensis (Wight.) .. 2554 

253. T/iOTOSoni (Muell.) ... 2554-c 

254. zeylanica (Muell.) .. 2554-5 



NO. 
xvi. 

255. 
258, 
259. 
261. 
2(J2. 
263. 
264. 
265. 
266. 
267. 
268. 
269. 
xvii. 
270. 
xviii. 
271. 
272. 
273. 
274. 
xix. 
275. 
276. 

XX. 

277. 
278. 

xxi. 
279. 
xxii 
280. 
281. 
282. 
283. 
284. 
285. 
xxiii. 
286. 
xxiv 
287. 
288. 
289. 
290. 
291. 
292. 
293, 
294. 
295. 

XXV. 

296. 

297. 
298. 
299. 
300. 
301. 
302. 
303. 
304. 
305. 
306. 
307. 
308. 



NO. 

Actinodaphne {Nees.) ... dcclxxxii 

ambigua (/Vfc. /.) 2456 

campanulata (//i. /.) ... 24t9 

canari(^a ? {Bedd.) ... 2457 

hirsuta {m. f.) 2455 

Eookeri (Redd.) ... ... 2451 

Uookeri {Meissn.) ... 2452 

lanata {Meissn.) 2450 

madrhspncana (Bedd.) ... 2451 

salicina (3feissn )... ... 2448 

salicina (Bedd.) ... ... 2449 

8teno[.hylla {Thu:.) .. 2453 

Ihwaitesii (Meissn.) ... 2453 
Actinorhytis (fl. Wendl.) cmlxxv 
Adamhea glabra (Lamk.) ... 1319 
Adansonia {Linn.) ... xcvii 

digitata {Linn.) 257 

Adelia cuneata (Wall.) ... 4692 

neriifo ia (Roth.) 4fi91 

retusa (Wight) 4692 

Adenanthera {Linn.) ... ccclx 

aculeata (Eoxb.) 1007 

pavonina (Linn.\.. ... 1004 

Adenocblseiia {Baill.) ... Dcrcxlv 

indica (Sedd.) 2671 

Adenoropium pandurse- 

fo'iurn (Pohl.) ... 
.ijdenosacme (TT'aiZ.) 

Law (lii.) {Hk. f.) 
Adhatoda {Nees.) ... 

Beddomei {Clarke.) 

Betonica iNees.) ... 

ramosissima (Nees.) 

tranquebariensis (Nees.),.. 

Vasica {Nees.) 

wynaadensis (Nees.) 
Adina ySaiisb.) 

cordifolia (Hk, f.) 
^g'ceras {Gaertn.) 

cormculatum (Blanc.) 

ferreum (Bl.) 

floridum (R. & S.) ... 

fragrans (Keen.) 

majus {Gaertn.) ... 

Malaspinea (A. Do.) 

minus (A. Dc.) 

nigricans {k. 'Rich.) 

obovatum (Bl.) 
^gle {Corr.) 

Marmelos {Corr.) 
Aerides {Lour.) 

tiorassi (Sm.) 

Brookeii (Lindl.) ... 

cornutum (Roxb.) 

crispnm (Lindl.) ... 

cylindrieum {Lindl.) 

guttatum (Roxb.) 

Zindleyanum (Wight) 

lineare (Hk. /.) 

maculatum (Sm.) 

aiaculosum {Lindl.) 

ouoratum {Lour.) 
praimorsum (Willd.) 



2625 

cdxcii 

1188 

dccsiv 

2267 

2257 

2257 

2258 

... 22*6 

... 2261 

ccllxxx 

... 1439 

rlii 

... 1676 

... 1676 

... 1676 

... 1676 

... lc.76 

... 1676 

... 1676 

... 1676 

.. 1676 

clix 

425 

cmxxxiv 

... 2945 

.. 2957 

.. 2P60 

.. 2957 

.. 2955 

.. 2953 

.. 2957 

.. 2956 

.. 2962 

.. 2956 

.. 2960 

.. 2953 



204 



BOTANICAX INDEX. 



NO. Aerides — cont. NO. 

309. radicosum {A. Rich.) ... 2958 

310. retusum (Svr.) 2953 

311. spicatum{B.Boia..) ... 2953 

312. tessellatum {Wight) ... 2963 

313. undulatum (Sm.) ... 2970 

314. Warneri (Hort.) 2957 

315. Wtghtianum (Lindl.) ... 2991 
xxvi. -^rua (Forsk.) ... ... dcclvi 

316. segyptiaca (Gmel.) ... 23^4 

317. mcana (Mart.) 2374 

318. ja-vanica (Juss.) ... ... 2374 

319. Bca.nd.enB (Wall.) 2375 

320. tomentosa (Forsk.) ... 2374 

321. Wallichii (Moq.) 2374 

322. Wightii (Hfe. /.) 2376 

xxvii. iEsohynomeue {Linn.). ccxoviii 

323. aspera {Linn.) ... ... 787 

324. aspera (Wsill.) 786 

325. bispinosa (Jacq.) 780 

326. cannabina (Retz.) ... 780 

327. coccinea (Linn.) ... ... 7ll-b 

328. diffusa (Willd 786 

329. grandijlora (Limi.) ... 781 

330. indioa {Linn.) 786 

331. mdtca (Burm.) 779 

332. 'kashrtiiriana {Q&nih.) ... 786 
383. paludosa {Ro-s.h.) 780-5 

334. pumila (Linn.) ... ... 786 

335. iioa;f)wrp/iM (Spreng,) ... 786 

336. Sesban (Linn,) ... ... 779 

337. spinulo sa i^osh.) 780 

338. trachyloba (Miq.) ... 778 

339. wiigwosa (Roxb.) 780-5 

340. viscidula {Wind.) 786 

xxviii. .^scnlus (Linn.) ... ... ccxlii 

341. asplenifolia (Hort, ex 

Loud,) 629 

342. castanea {GiUh.) 629 

343. Ilippocastanum {Linn.) ... 629 

344. 2?rocera (Salisb.) ... ..., 629 

345. septenata (Stokes.) ... 629 

346. Agalma racemosum (Seem,) 1412 

347. rostratum (Seem.) ... 1411 
xxxix. Aganosma ((?. Don.) ... dfi^i 

348. acuminata (Gr. Don.) ... 1859 

349. Bluviei {Wight.) 1860 

349. {bis.) calycina {ADc.) 1359 {bis.) 

350. caryophyllata ((?. J»on.)... 1860 

351. concanensis (Hook.) ... 1838 

352. cymosa ((?. Don.) 1861 

353. Doniana (Wight) ... 1861-c 

354. EdithoB {B.a.-ace.) 1869 

355. elegan.? {G.Bon.) 1861-c 

356. marginata (G. Don.) ... 1859 

356. (bis.) Boxburghii (W.A.I.) 

1859 {his.) 

357 . Agapetes ? arborea {Be.) ... 16,39 

358. symplocifolia (G, Don.).., 1639 
XXX. Agasta (.Miers.) ... cdxxii 

359. asiaWca (Mier.q.) 1273 

360. indica (Miers.) 1273 

361. splendida (Miers.) ... 1273 
xxxi. Agathis (Salish.) ... cmvi 

362. alha (Lsimk.) 2832 



NO. Agathis — cont. no. 

363. australis (Steud.) ... 2831 

364. crassi folia (Knight) ... 2832 

365. loranthifolia (Salisb.) ... 2832 

366. robusta (F. M. Bailey.) ... 2832 

367. Agati grandiflora (Deav.). 782 
xxxii. Agave (Linn.) ... ... cdlvii 

368. altissima (Znmag.) ... 3049 

369. americana (Linn.) ... 3049 

370. augusti folia (Haw.) ... 3051 

371. bulbifera (BonpL) ... 3050 

372. Candelabrum (Tod.) ... 3051 

373. Cantula (Roxb.) 3052 

374. fcetida (Linn.) 3054 

375. gigantea (Dietr.) 3054 

376. ixtli (Kurw.) 3051 

377. ixtlioides (Hk.i.) 3051 

378. Karwinshii (Zucc) ... 3051 

379. Magni (Desf.) 3050 

380. mexicana (Lamk.) ... 3050 

381. Milleri (Haw,) 3049 

382. rigida (Mill.) 3051 

383. Bumphii (ti^sak.) ... 3052 

384. sisalana (Perrine.) ... 3051 

385. spectahilis (Salisb,) ,.. 3049 

386. variegata (Jacobi.) ... 3053 

387. variegata (Hort. Steud.), 3049.6. 

388. virginica (Mill.) 3049 

389. vivipara (Linn.) 3052 

390. Yxtli (Karw.) 3051 

391. Aijgeranthus marchan- 

tioides (Wight) lapau 
Aggeianthus recticulatus. 2931 
xxxiii. Aglaia (Lour.) ... clxxxiii 

392. grata (Wall.) 462 

393. I epidota (Miq.) ... ... 462 

394. Maiffi (Bourd.) 463 

395. Tnidnaporensis (Carey) .,. 462 

396. minutiflora (Bedd.) ... 464 

397. odorata (Lour.) 461 

398. pentaphylla (Kurz.) ... 461 

399. polpantha (Bedd,) ,,. 464 

400. ? poly stachy a (WaA\.) 467 

401. Roxburghiana (Miq.) ... 462 

402. Spanoghei CBl.) 462 

403. Agricobasa fragrans 

(Schraiik.) 2323 

404. Agrostis latifolia (Heyne) .,, 3278 

405. waajima (Roxb.) 3278 

406. scoparia (Keen.) 327S 

xxxiv. Agrostistacbys (Dalz.) dcccxlii 

407. indica (Daiz.) ... 2655 

408. longifolia (Benth.) ... 2656 
4'09. Agyneia Jlexuosa (Heyne) ... 2577 

410. impubes (Vent.) 2574 

410. (bis.) 7nultilocularia'.{SpYeng,) 

2574 (bis.) 

41L obliqua (Willd.) 2577 

4:11. (bis) pubera (Herb. Madr.) 2574 (bis.) 

412. ovata (Miq.) 2595 

xxsv- Ailanthus [Desf.) ... ... clxi 

413. excelsa (Roxb.) 427 

414. ma^abarica (Dc.) ... 428 

415. Aiphanes caryotsefolia 

(U. Wendl.) 3285 



HOTANirATi INDEX. 



205' 



KO. 

416. Aira benghalensis (Gmel.) 

417. Ajtiga fruticosa (lioxh.) 
xxxvi. Akea (Stokes) 
xxxvii. Akeesia (Tuftsac.) ... 
xxxviii. Alangium {Lamk.) 

418. deca'petalii.m (Lamk.) 

419. hexapetalum (Lamk.) 

420. Lamarck ii (T/iw'.) 

421. latifolium (Miq.) 

422. sv/ndanuin (Kurz.) 

423. tomentosuvi Lamk.) 
xxxix. Albizzia (Durazz.) ... 

424. affirms (Fourn.) 

425. amara (Boiv.) 
420. fash'giata {J.inn.) 

427. Julibrissin (Durazz.) 

428. latifolia{Tioiv.) ... 

429. Lebbek (Benth.) ... 

430. lebhekioides (Bentb.) 

431. lophant.ha (Benth.) 

432. micrantha (Boiv.) 

433. moluccana {Miq.) 

434. odoratissima (Benth.) 

435. pi-ocera (Benth.) ... 

436. Havian (F. Muell.) 

437. stipulata (Boiv.) ... 

438. Thompsoni (Brand.) 

439. Wightii (Grab.) ... 
xl. Alchornea (Sw.) 

440. mollis (Muell.) 
xli. Aleurites (Forst.) ... 

441. amhinux (Pers.) ... 

442. cordifolia (Steud.) 

443. laccifera(WU]d.) ... 

444. moluccana (Willd.) 

445. friZoba (Forst.) ... 
xlii. Alhagi (De.^v.) 

446. cameiornm (Fisch.) 

447. onannifem (Desv.) 

448. napaulensium (D.C.) 

449. Allantodta tenella (Wall.) 
xliii. Allemianda (Linn.) ... 

450. Aubletii (Pohl.) ... 

451. hrasilliensis (Schott.) 

452. cat.bartina (Linn.) 

453. grandijiora (hamk.) 

454. latifolium (Presl.) 

455. Linnsei (Vohl.) 

456. neriifolia (Hk.) ... 

457. Schottii (PoW.) ... 

458. Schottii (Linn.) ... 
xliv. AUophylus (Li7in.) ... 

459. Aporetica ... 

460. Cobbe (Bl.) 

461. distachys ... 

462. glaber 

463. lanatus (Rosb.) ... 

464. ornitrophioides (Roxb.) .. 

465. pinnatus (Roxb.) 

466. race-mosus 
467.- Rheedii 

468. serratus 

469. ternatus (Lour.) 



NO. 


NO. 


... 3287 


470, 


... 2353 


471. 


... ccxliii 


xlv. 


.. ccxliii 


472. 


... cdlx.x 


473. 


... 1420 


474. 


... 1420 


xlvi/ 


... 1420 


475. 


... 1420 


476. 


... 1420 


477. 


... 1420 


478. 


ccclxviii 


479. 


.. 1050 


480. 


... 1050 


481. 


... 1041 


482. 


... 104^ 


483. 


... 1044 


484. 


-... 1044 


485. 


... 1046 


486. 


... 1042 


487. 


... 1046 


xlvii. 


... 1013 


488. 


... 1046 


489. 


... 1047 


190. 


.. 1057 


xlviii. 


... 1049 


491. 


... 1045 


492. 


... 1050-b 


493. 


dcccxlvii 


xlix. 


... 2673 


494. 


dcccxxxiii 




... 2633 


495. 


... 26.33 


496. 


... 2638 


497. 


... 2633 


498. 


... 2633 


499. 


... ccxcv 


500. 


... 783 


501. 


... 783 


502. 


... 783 


503. 


) ... 3343 


b04: 


dciii 


505. 


... 1854 


506. 


... 1855 


507. 


... 1854 


508. 


.. .1854^6 


1. 


... 1854 


509 


... 18.54 


li. 


... 1856 


510.* 


... 1855 


lii. 
511. 


... 1854 
ccxli 


... 628-e 
628 
... 628-/ 
.:. 628-(J 
... 628-c 
) ...• 628 


512. 
513. 
514. 
515. 
1 516. 
517. 


... 631 


1 liii. 


... 628-<i 


1 518. 


... 638-g 


519. 


... 628-6 


520. 


... 628 


i b21. 



AUophylus — cont. no. 

villosu.t ... ... ... 628-i 

Allofcorus aquilina (Pr.) ... 3335 
Alnus (Gaertn.) ... dccclxxxviii 

dioica (Roxb.) 2608 

glutinosa (Linn.) .. 2785 

integrifolia (Roxb.) ... 2608 

Aloe (Tourn.) ... cmlxviii 

barbadensis (Mill) ... 3117 

flava (Pers.) 3117 

indica (Royle ) 3117 

littoralis (Kd-n.)... 3117-b 

officinalis (Forsk.) ... 31l7-e 

perfoliata (Willd.) .. 3117-e 

.^inuatn (I Ininb.) ... 3118 

.^occotorina (Schultz.) ... 3118 

isoccotrina (D.C.) 3118 

succotrina (Lamk.) ... 3118 

vera (Linn.) ... ... 3117 

vacillans (Forsk.) ... 3117 

vulgaris (Lamk.) ... ... 3117 

Alonsoa (Ruiz. ^ Pav.). dclxxv 

incisifolia (Ruiz. ^ Fav.). 2111. 

urticsefolia (Steud.') ... 2111 

Aloysia citriodora (Orteg.). 2282 

Alphonsea (flfc. /. ^ T.) ... xxvi 

hitea. (Hk. f. ^ T.) ... 67. 

madraspatrtna (Bedd.) ... 69 

zeylanica (Hk.f. Sf T.) ... 68 

Alpinia (Linn.) ... cmxlix 

albo-lineata (Horfc. 

Ball.) 3110-16 

Allughas (Rose.) 3006 

aquatiea (Rose.) ... ... 3009 

bracteata (Rose.) ... ... 3007 

calcarata (Bosc.) ... ... 3007 

Cardamomwai (Roxb.) ... 3004 
ccrnua (Sims.) ... ... .3070 

cristofa (Griff.) 3008 

Galanga (Sw.) 3005 

malaccensis (Wall,) ... 3008 

? Missionis (Wall.) ... 2986 

nutans (Rose.) ... ... 3008 

Rheedii (Wight) 3006 

viridijlora (Griff.) ... 3005 

■vittata (Hori. JSwZL) ... 3010 

Alseodapbne (Nees.) dcclxxxi 

semecarpifolia (Nees.) ... 2447 

, Alsodeia (Thouar.'^) ... ... xlvii 

zeylanica (Thw.) ... ... 123 

Alsophila (R. Pr.) ... ... mli 

australis (R. Br.) ... 3,329 

crinita (Hk.) 3328 

gigantea (Hk.) ... ... 3327 

glabra (Hk.) ... .. 3327 

latebrosa ( JFaZZ.) 3326 

umbrosa (Wall.) ... ... 3327 

venulosa (Wall.) ... ... 3327 

. Alstonia (Br.) ... ... dxc 

neriifolia (D. Dow.) 1831 

scholaris (Br.) 1829 

venenatus (Br.) ... ... 1830 

. Althcxa arborea (Ulaf.) ... 102 



206 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. 

liv. 
522. 
523. 
524. 
525. 
526. 
526. 

II. 
III. 
527. 

528. 

529. 
530. 
531. 
532. 
liv. 
532. 

Iv. 
533. 
53-t. 
535. 
536. 
537. 
538. 
539. 
539. 
540. 
511. 
542. 

Ivi. 
543. 

544. 
545. 
546. 
Ivii. 
517. 
IV. 
Iviii. 
548. 
549. 
550. 
551. 
552. 
553. 
554. 
555. 

556. 
557. 

558. 

559. 
560. 
561. 
lix, 
Ix, 
562. 
563. 



NO. 

cravii 

2836 
2837 
2550 
2552 
2552 



Altingia (S. Don.) ... 

Gv/nninghamii (G. Don.) 
excelsa (Gr. Don.)^ 
Amanoa colV'.na (Baill.y 
indica (Wight) ..- 
patula (Tbw.) 
(bis.) to'nentosa (Baill.) 2548 {his.) 
AMAKANTACEiE LXXXVIII 

AMARYLLIDACE^ ... CXV[ 

Amblyanthera suaveolens 

(Mnell.) ••■ 1853 

Amerimnum pallidum 

(Ham.) 767 

Amomis acris (Berg.) ... 1207 

oblongata {Bx^rg,) ... 1207 

Pimento (Berg.) ...' ... 1207 

pimentoides (H«rg:.) ... 1207 

(bi^.) Amherstia ( Wall.) ccclii (bis.) 

{bis.) nobilis {Wall. 352 {bis.) 

Amomum {Linn.) ... ... cmxlv 

cannoecarpum (Beni/i.) ... 2992 
Cardamomiim (Linn.) ... 30' 4 
montanum (Keen.) .. 2998 

racemosum (Lam.) ... 3004 

repens (Willd.) 3004 

roseum (Roxb ) ... ... 2993 

spurium, (Ginel.) ... 2997 

{bis.) suhulattim (Roxb.) 2991 {bis.) 

sylvestre (Poir.) 2097 

Zerumbet (Linn.) ... 2997 

Zingiber (Linn.) ... . 2996 

Amoora {Roxb.) ... clxxxv 

canarana {Benth. 8f 

Hk.f.) 468 

■La.wn{Senth. S- Sk. f.)... 469 
macrophylla (Nimmo.) ... 467 
Rahitnka(tF. ^.4.) ... 467 

Aniorpha {Linn.) ccxcii 

fputioosa {Linn.) 777 

AMPKLIDACK^ ... XXXVII 

Ampelopsis (Mich.) ... ccxxxvi 

hederacea {D.^.) .... 580 

heptaphylla (Buckl.) ... 580 

himalayana (Royle.) ... 602 

hirsuta (Don.) 580 

japomca (Hi)rt.) ... ... 581 

quinquefoUa (Michr.) ... 580 

f ternata (D.C) 592 

tricuspidata (Sieb. & 

Zuc.) 581 

Yeitchi {TLort.) 581 

Amvelygonum chinensis 

(Lindl.) 2388 

Amphidonax hengalensis 



Nees.) 

bifaria (Nees.) 

Heynii (Nees.) 

tenella (W. & A.) 
Amphilobium (Loud.), 
Amplii'ophiiim {Kunth.) 

Mutisii (ff.5. §• X.) 
Amphtraphis eeylanica 

(D.C.) 1606 



3287 
3287 
3286 
3286 
dcxciii 
dcxci'i 
2153 



NO. 




NO, 


564. 


Amygdalus colUnus (Wall.). 


1064 


565. 


commwnis (Linn.) 


1063 


566. 


pers'ca (Linn.) ... 


1064 


567. 


Amyris acuminata, (Roxb,), 


443-b 


568. 


? Agallocha (Hoxb.) 


441 


569. 


Commiphora (Roxb.) 


441 


570. 


dentata (Willd.) 


397 


571. 


gileadensis (Roxb.) 


442 


572. 


heptaphylla (Roxb.) 


394 


573. 


nana (Roxb.) 


397-6 


V. ANACAKDIACE.^ 


XI 


Ixi. 


Anac^rdium {Botth.) 


cclx 


574. 


latifolium (Lamk.) 


673 


575. 


occidenta'.e (Linn.) 


665 


576. 


officinarum (GEertn.) 


673 


Ixii. 


Anacolosa {Bl.) 


cc 


577. 


densitiova {Bedd.) 


493 


Ixiii. 


Anaiiiirta {Oolebr.) 


xxxi 


578. 


Cocculus {W. ^ A.) ... 


81 


579. 


Jlavescens (Miers.) 


81 


580. 


paniculata (Colebr.) 


81 


581. 


toxifera (Miers.) 


81 


Ixiv. 


Anaphalis iD.1l.) ... 


dxii 


582. 


aristata {D.G.) 


1610 


583. 


linearis (D.C. P) ... 


1612 


584. 


marcescens {Clarke.) 


1612 


585. 


neelgerriana (Pe.) 


1613 


586. 


Wightiana {De.) ... 


1611 


587. 


Anarthrosyne cordata{KlotzSCh.)8-^6 


VI. ANGISTiiOCLAD.lCE^ 


XVII 


Ixv, 


Anci,s*^rocladus (IFaW.) 


Ixxix 


588. 


Heyneanus (PTaii.) 


195 


589. 


Anda brasiliensis (Raddi.)... 


2632 


590. 


Gomesii (A. Juss.) 


2632 


591. 


.Jomezii (Mart.) ... 


2632 


592. 


Pisonis (Mart ) 


2632 


Ixvi. 


Andersonia {Hnxn.) ... 


cdiv 


593. 


acuminata (Herb. Rottl.) 


111.5-a 


-594. 


allissima (lib. Madr.) .. 


1154 


595. 


lanceolata (Kb. Rottl.) .. 


1155-5 


Ixvii. 


Andersonia (Roxb.) 


clxxxv 


596. 


Rohitoca (Griff.) 


467 


597. 


Rohituka (Roxb.) 


467 


598. 


Andicus pentaphyllus {YeU.f 2632 


59*^. 


Andrachne apetala (Roxb) 


2607 


600. 


C adi shan {Roxh. } 


2550 


601. 


Doonkyboisca (Heyne) .. 


2546 


602. 


fruticosa (Ileyne) 


2556 


603. 


orhiculata (Rottl.) 


2550 


604. 


trijoliata (Roxb.)... 


2607 


605. 


Andromed't elliptica 






(Siet. & Zucc.) 


1P43 


606. 


flexuosa [Moon) ... 


1642 


607. 


kat.igherensis (Hook.) 


1642 


608. 


ovalifolia {Vfa\\^ . 


1643 


609. 


symplocifolia (Wall.) 


1639 


I xviii. 


Angiopteris ( /7o_^m.) 


mlxvi 


610. 


crassipes (Wall.) ... 


8385 


611. 


evecta {Hoffmj.) ... 


3385 


612. 


Anictoclea Grahamiana 






(Niramo.) . 


1368 


613. 


Aniseia harlerioides (Ghois.' 


i 2032 


614. 


calycina {Choia.) ,., 


2031 



BOTANICAL INDKX. 



207 



NO. NO, 

Ixix. Anisoohilns (H'aJi.) dcolxi 

615. alhidus (Wight) 2MI 

»!16 dysopliylloidos (Bewi/i.) ••• 2;H1 

617. pnniciilatuB (Benth.) ... 23+0 

618. p u.r pur nis (V/iiiht) ... 23'1-1 
C19. robustns (flfc./.) 23+3 

620. acaber {Benth.) ?338 

621. 8uffruticosn8(Wigftt) ... 2342 
G22, SWghdUHk.f.) 2339 

623. Anisogonium esculentum 

(Prosl.) 33^6 

Ixx. Anisoit<eleM (Br.) ... dccxlviii 

624. interwedia (Wight) ... 23.'')3 

625. nialabarica (Br.) ... ... 2353 

626. Anisone7na duhiuyn (Bl.) ... 2557 
6-7. eglandulosum (Dene.) ... 2557 

628. intermedium (Dene.) ... 2557 

629. multiflormn (Wight) .;. 2557 
6a0. reticulatum (A.Juss.) ... 2557 

631. Zollingeri (Miq.) 2557 

Ixxi. Anodendron {A.Dc.) ... deix 

632. paniculatum {A.Bc.) ... 1864 
Ixxii. Anogeissus (TFaW.) ... ... cdiv 

633. acuminata {Wall.) ... 1155 

634. Urta (Wall.) 1155 

635. latit'olia (Wall.) 1154 

636. Anovtosanthes dejicien.<i (Bl.) 625 

637. Anom,ospermum excelsum 

(.Dalz.) 2554 

Ixxiii. Anona {linn.) ... ... xxii 

638. Cherimolia {Linn.) ... 60 

639. muricata (LinTi.) ... ... 59 

640. reticulata (Linn.) ... 58 

641. squamosa {Linn.) ... 57 
VII. ANONAGE^ IX 

642. Anstrutheria zeylanica 

(Gard.) 1141 

Ixxiv. Anthocephalus (A- Rich.), cdlxxix 

643. Cadamba {Miq.) 1.438 

644. chmensis (Hassk.) ... 1442 

645. indicus (Rich.) 1442 

646. morindeefoUvbs (Korth.) ... 1438 
Ixxv. Antiaris {Leschen.) ... dccclxsiv 

647. dubia (Spanog.) 2759 

648. innoxia{iil.) 2759 

649. saccidvra (Dalz.) ... 2759 
65i). toxicaria (Leschen.) ... 2759 

651. Antichorus depressus 

(Linn.) 334 

Ixxvi. Antidesma (Linn.) ... dccoxxvi 

652. acidum (Retz.) 2613 

653. Alexiteria {hinn) 2614,2615 

654. ? Alexiteria (Gsertn.) .,. 2617 

655. Bunius (Sjjre'wgi.) ... ... 2614 

656. Biinius (Miq.) .. ... 2(3l7 

657. ciliatuvH^VTesl.) 2614 

658. comptum (Tulasne.) , ... 2618 

659. diandrum (Koth.) 2616, 

660. fiorihundum (TuLisne.) ... 2614 
66). GhiBf=embilla (Gcertn.) ... 2G13 

662. glabrum. (Tnlasne.'! ... 2614 

663. lanceolutum. (Dalz. & 

Gibs.) 2617 



NO. Antidosma — cont. 

664. lanceolatum (,Uk. f. & T.) 

665. Menasu (Miq.) 

666. panicwiaturn (Roxb:) 

667. parvijiorum. (Ilam.) 

668. 'puhescen.t (Roxb.) .. 

669. sylvestre (Lanik.) 

670. siilvestre (WnW.) 

671. Thwaitesianum {Mvip]].) 

672. \\ allichianum (Presl.) 

673. zeylanieiam iLamk.) 
Ixxvii. Antigdiion (EndL) ... 

674. amabile {Wori.) ... 

675. leptopus (Hk. Si~ Am.). ... 
Ixxviii. Antistroplie (J.Dc.) 

675. serratifolia (fl?f. /.) 

677. Apama siliquo.ta (Lamk.) ... 

678. Aphanauthe cuspidata 

(Planch.) 
Ixxix. Aphelaiidra (R. Br.) 

679. crista ta (R. Br.) 



VIII. APOCYNACE^ 



NO. 

2G16 

2617 

... 2613 

... 2616 

2613, 2617 

2613. 2614 

... 2616 

2614 

2616 

2615 

dcclxii 

2385-^ 

2385 

dli 

1674 

2389 

2714 
.. dccix 
.. '>245 
LXXIV 



680. 
681. 
682. 
Ixxx. 
683. 
684. 



Apocynuvi frute.icens (Lmn.) 1865 
reticulatum (Herb. Madr.) 1874 



tilisefolium (Lamk.) ... 1918 

A j)()dy tes (E. Mey.) ... ... cciv 

Beddomei (Mast.) ... 4P9 

Benthamiana (Wiyht) ... 498 
Ixxxi. Apollnnias (Nees.) ... dcclxxii 

.685. Arirottu (Nees.) 2429 

686. Aporetica ternata (Forest.) 628 
Ixxxii. Aporosa (Bl.) ... dcccxxiv 

687. aeuminnta (Thw.) ... 2609 

688. affinis (Baill.) 2310 

. 689. B .urdilloni (Stapf.) ... 2611 

689. (bis.) fusiformis (Thw.) 2610 (bis) 

690. Lindleyana (Barii ) ... 2f-10 

691. Roxburs^hii {Baill.) ... 2608 

692. sphcerocarpa (Muell.) 2610 

692. {H.'<.) Thwaiteii (Baill.) 2610 (bis.) 

IX. AQUIFOLIACE^ ... XXXIV 

693. Aquilicia Ottilis (Gasrtn.) .. 617 
€94. sambucina (Linn.) ... 617 

X. ARACE.^: ...CXXV 

695. Arachis fruticosa ["Sietz.) ... 784 
ixxxiii. Aralia (Linn.) ... ... cdiix 

696. GItabrieri (Hort. ex 

Carriers.) ... ... 545 

697. cochleata (Lamk.) ... 1403 

698. diyitata (Roxb.) 14 3 

6h9. elegantissima (7eifc?i..) .. 1388 

700. filicifolia (C. Moore.) ... 1389 

701. fragravs (G. Bon.) ... 1418 

702. Guilfoylei (Cogn. §■ Mar.) 1390 

703. japonicn I'l'hunb.) ... 1396 
7<'4. leptophylla (Hori. Trw/.} 1391 
;05. macnlata (/iori. Trit//.) ,'. 1392 

706. malaba'-ica {Bedd.) .:. 13.«6 

707. moiistr.iga (Hort. Truff.), 1393 

708. papyrifera (Hk.) ... 1395 

709. reticulntii {Hort. Efmsl.) ]3^7 

710. rotunda (Sori. Trw/.) ... 1394 

711. Schejlpri (Sprenir.) ... 1398 

712. SieftoWit (Hort. Koch.) ... 1396 



208 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Aralia— cowt. No. 

713. spectabilis (Hoit, Bull.). 1389 

714. Veitchi {Hort. T. Moore.) 1387 

XL ARALIACE^ LIX 

Ixxxiv. Araucaria (Juss.) ... ... cmvii 

715. Araucaria (G.Kooh.) ... 2838 

716. Bidwilli (HA:.) 2834 

717. columnaris (Hk.) ... 2835 

718. Cookii {k. Br.) 2835 

719. Cnnnin^hamii (Swset.) ... 283fi 

720. Dombeyi (Rich.) 28.38 

721. excelsa (R. £r.) 2837 

722. glaiLca (Antoine) ... 2838 

723. imbricata (Pai;.'^i .. ... 283fi 
Ixxxiv. (Hs.) Arbutus (Linn.) dxl {bis.) 

723. (bis.) Andrachne {Linn.) 

le*-! {bis.) 

723. {tris.) Unedo {Linn.) 1644 {tris.) 
Ixxxv. Archontophasnix ... cmlxxxi 

724. Cunnins.-hamii {E. Wendl.) 3140 
Ixxxvi. Ardisia {Sw.) ... dl 

725. amplexicaiilis {Bedd-) ... 1668 

726. arborescens (Wall.) ... 1673-b 

727. ? Basaal {R. & S.) ... 1663 

728. courtallensis {Wight.) ... 1667 

729. crenata {Roxh.) 1669 

730. crenulata (Lodd.) ... Iti69 

730. {bis.) crenulata [Vent.). 1663 {bis.) 

731. crispa (A.Bc.) 1669 

732. densa^imq.) ... ... 16^9 

733. elliptica {Bedd.) 1673 

7.34. glabrata (Bl.) 1670 

735. Hasseltii (Bl.) 1666 

736. humilis {VaM.y 1673 

737. lanoeolata {Boxb.) ... 1666 

738. Leschenaultii (A.Dc.) ... 1666 

739. littoralis (Andr.) ... 1673 

739. {bis.) .... missionis 

(Wall.) 1667 

740. mollis (Bl.) 1670 

741. tnncrondta (Bl.) ... ... 1666 

742. obovata (Bl ) 1673 

743. jjaiiicwJaia { Bed.) ... 1667 

744. pauciflora {Heyne) ... 1671 

745. polycephala (Wight) ... 1673 

746. polysticta (Miq.) . ... 1669 

747. purpibrea (Reinw.) ... 1666 

748. rhotnboidea (W'^ig /it) .. 1672 

749. rostrata (Hassk.) ... 1673 

750. salicifolia (A. Dc.) ... 1673 

751. serratifolia (Bedd.) ... 1674 

752. eolanacsa (Roxb.) ... 1673 



752 {bis.) 



^onchifoUa (Mez.) 1670 



753. tavoya7i,a (A.Dc.) ... 1670 

7-54. Ts^eriam-Cottam (R. & S.) 1663 

755. ttmbeZZaia (Roth.) ... 1673 

756. vestita (Wall.) 1670 

757. -villosa {Boxb.) 1670 

758. Wightiana {WaW.) ... 1673 

759. Arduina bispinosa (Linn.)... 1805 
Ixxxvii. Areca {Linn.) ... ...cmlxxi 

760. alba (Bory.) 3129 

716 aurata (Griff.) 3133 

762. attrea (Horfc-fl-Serres.; ... 3128 



No. Areca — cont. no. 

763. Banksit (A. Cunn.) ... 3141 

Baueri{nk.) 3141 

bor&owica (Hort. Kunth.) 3129 

Galapparia (Blame.) ... 3130 

Cateohu {Linn.) ... ... 3121 

cocoides (Griff.) ... ... 3130 

concinna {Thw.) 3122 

curvata (Griff.) 3133 

Dicksonii (Roxb.) 8132 

disticha {Uoxh.) 3133 

Faufel {Gaertn.) 3121 

gracilis (Roxb.) ... ... 3134 

horrida (Griff.) 3142 

hortensis {hour.) ... ... 3121 

humilis (Roxb.) ... ... 3133 

Zateo, (Hort. Bog.) ... 3129 

lutescens {BoYj.) ... ... 3125 

onadagascariensis (Mart.) 3124 

Nibung (Mart.) 3142 

oleracea (Jaoq.) ... ... 3157 

propria (Hort. Bojar.) ... 3129 

rubra (Hort. Weniil.) ... 3127 

rubra (Bory.) 3131 

triandra {Boxb.) 3123 

Verschafeltu (Hort.Lem.). 3126 

Isxxviii. Arens:a {Labill.) ... ... cmxc 

788. Griffithii {Seem.) 3149 

obtusifolia {Mart.) ... 3150 

sacoharifera {Labill.) ... 3149 

Westerhoutii {GiiS.) ... 3150 

Wightii {Qriff.) 3151 

Ixxxix. Argyreia (Lour,) ... ... dclvi 

793. aggregata (Chois.) ... 2010 

alulata (Miq.) 2046 

Bona-nox (Sweet.) ... 1991 

bracteata {Ohois.) ... 1997 

carnea (Hort.) 2030 

Choisyana (Wight) ... 2006 

cnneata {Ker.) 2008 

cymosa {Sweet.) ... ... 2007 

elliptica (Chois.) 2013 

fnlgens (Ohois.) ... .. 2009 

hirsuta {Am.) ... ... 2003 

involucrata {Clarke.) ... 1996 

Lawii (Clarke.) 2005 

Leschenaultii (C/iois.) ... 2000 
Leschenaultii (Thw.) ... 1998-b 

malabarica {Chois.) ... 2002 

nellygherya {Chois.) ... 2001 

ornata (Sweet.) 1980 

pilosa {Arn.) 2004 

Tpomaoea {Chois.) ... ... 1998 

popuHfolia {Chois.) ... 1995 

sericea {Dalz. ^ Gibs.)... 1999 

setosa (Chois.) 2014 

speciosa {Stveet.) ... ... 1993 

aplendens {Sweet.) ... 1994 

tili£efolia(TFty/it) ... 1992 

unijiora (Sweet.) ... ... 1991 

zeylanica (Kurz.)... ... 1995 

xo. Argyrolobium {EcW. 8^ 

Zeyh.) ... ... ... cclxxv 

821. argenteum (Willk.) ... 697 



764. 
765. 
766. 
767. 
768. 
769. 
770. 
771. 
772. 
773. 
774. 
775. 
776. 
777. 
778. 
779. 
780. 
781. 
782. 
783. 
784. 
785. 
783. 
787. 



789. 
790. 
791. 
792. 



794. 
795. 
796. 
797. 
798. 
799. 
800. 
801. 
802. 
803. 
804. 
805. 
806. 
807. 
808. 
809. 
810. 
811. 
812. 
813. 
814. 
815. 
816. 
817. 
818. 
819. 
820. 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



209 



NO. 


Argyrolobinin--cont. 


NO. 


NO. 


822. 


alycinum (Ball.) .. 


697 


xcv. 


823. 


fallax{B&\\.) 


.. 697 


876. 


824. 


Liniucaniim {Walp.) 


.. 097 


877. 


825. 


Arisi^ia {yit^cAniseia) Afzel 


ii 


878. 




(G. Don.) 


.. 2056 


879. 


82G. 


bi'auteata ( Hassk.) 


. 2056 


KSO. 


xci. 


Aristolochia (I inn.) 


dccl.xvii 


881. 


827. 


acuminata (Roxb.) 


. 2391 


882 


828. 


Bonplnndi (Tenore.) 


. 2396 


883. 


829. 


brasiliensis {Mart. Zuc). 


.. 23;,'3 


884. 


830. 


ciliata (Hk.) 


.. 23tHi 


xovi. 


331. 


ciltosa (Benth.) ... 


. 2396 


885. 


832. 


cymbifera (Mart. Zuc.) . 


. 2398 


880. 


833. 


elesrans (Mast.) 


. 2394 


887. 


884. 


elegans- brasiliensis 




888. 




(Hort.) 


. 2395 


889. 


835. 


fimbriata (Cham.) 


. 2391^ 


890. 


830. 


frutescens (JIarsh.) 


'. 2401 


891. 


837. 


gigas (Lindl ) 


. 2397 


892. 


838. 


gi-andiflora (Am.) 


. 2.397 


893. 


839. 


indica (Linn.) 


. 2391 


xcvii. 


840. 


lahiata (Willd.) 


. 2393 


894. 


841. 


labiosa (K. Gawl.) 


. 2398 


895. 


842. 


lanceolata (Wiifht) 


. 239] 


896. 


843. 


leuconeura (Linden.) 


.. 2399 


X97. 


844. 


rnacrophijlla CLatrik.) 


. 2401 


898. 


845. 


maysorensis (Fisch.) 


. 2391 


899. 


84U. 


ornithocephala (Hk.) 


. 2493 


900, 


847. 


pandurata (Wall.) 


. 2391 


901 


848. 


ridicnla (N. E. Br.) 


. 2400 


90l^ 


849. 


ringens (Lk. and Otto.) . 


. 2393 


903. 


850. 


Eoxburghiana (Elotz.) . 


. 2392 


904. 


851. 


Sipho (L' Herit.) ... 


. 2401 


905. 


XII, 


AR,IST()L0CH1.\C1<J^. . 


. XCII 


906. 


Xcii. 


Artabotrys (Br.) 


xiv 


907. 


852. 


hamatug (Bl.) 


33 


908. 


85S. 


odoratissimus (Br.) 


33 


909. 


854. 


zeylanicus (flfc. / ^ T.) 


.34 


910. 


xeiii. 


Ai'temisia (Linn.) ... 


dxxviii 


911. 


855. 


Abrotannm (Linn.) 


. 1620 


912. 


856. 


abrotanifolium (Salisb.) . 


. 1620 


918. 


857. 


affi/nis (Hassk.) ... 
duhia (Wall.) ... •. 


. 1621 


914. 


858. 


. 1621 


915. 


859. 


humilis (:Mill.) 


. 1620 


916. 


8fi0. 


indica (Wmd.) ... 


. 1021 




861. 


lavandulaefolia (D.O.) .. 


. 1621 


XIII. 


862. 


leptostachya (D.C.) 


. 1621 


917. 


863. 


myriantha (Wall.) 


. 1621 


918. 


864. 


paniculata (Roxb.) 


. 1021 


919. 


865, 


parvijlora ("Wiofhtl 


. 1021 


920. 


866. 


sin ewsts (\'abl.) .. 


. 1622 


921. 


867. 


vulgaris (Livm.) ... 


. 1621 


922. 


868. 


Arthrohotrys avara (Wall.) . 


. 3363 


923." 


869. 


macroearpa (Wall.) 


. 3368 


924. 


xciv. 


ArfcbrocnemuTn (Mcq.) 


dcclvii 


925. 


87o. 


fruticosum (Moq.) 


. 2378 


926. 


871. 


? glancum (Tn;!.) .. 


. 2378 


927. 


872. 


indicum (Moq.) ... 


2377 , 


928. 


873. 


ind'cum (Thw.) ... 


. 2379 


929. 


874. 


Arthrcmisehus armatus 


9S0. 




(Tbw.) 


403 


931. 


875. 


Arthrosprion utipulatum 


932. 




(Hassk.) 


. 1049 ' 


933. 




14 







NO. 

Artooarpas (Forat.) dccclxxvii 

Cannoni (Hort. Bull.) ... 2758 

Chaplaaha (Roxb.) ... 2764 
pchinocalyx (Ilort.) ...2705-6 

fiirsuta (LamTc.) 2762 

iiicisa (Linn.f.) ... ... 2705 

integrifolia (Linn.f.) ... 2763 

Lakoocha (lioxb.) ... 2766 

moUi.i (Wall.) 2760 

pubi-scena (WiM.) ... 2762 

. Arundinaria (Af:c/ii.) ... mxliii 

Brandisii (Sphalm.) ... 3315 

densifolia (Munro.) ... 3298 

glaucescens (Beau v.) 3302 
hispidu (Stead.) ... 3297-6 

Hookeri{>.na (Munro.) ... S299 

japonica (Sie6 ^- Ztt.;.) ... 3295 
moliniformis (Hochst.) ... 3297-6 

Waikoriana (Munro.) ... 3296 

Wightiana (iV^ee«.) ... 3297 

Arundo (Linn.) ... mxxxvii 

Bambos (Linn.) ;i304 

bengalenxis (Retz.) ... 3287 

6i/ar!a (Ketz.) 3287 

conspicua (Forst.) ... 3288 

corea iRoffl.) 3291 

Donax (itnn.) 3287 

Donax (Ham.) 3291 

Karka (Retz.) 3291 

longifolia (Salisb.) ... 3287 

mauritanica 'Poir.) ... 3289 

montana (Ham.) . ... 3278 

Pliniana (Griseh.) ... 3289 

Flinxi (Tyrra.) 3289 

Roxburghiana (Kunth.) ... 3291 

Bcxburghii (Kuntb.) ... 3291 

sati^-a (Lamk.) 3287 

Selloana (Scbalt.) ... 3290 

semifarcta (Hort. Ticin.) 3289 

tibiali.? (Roxb.) 3291 

trifora (Roxb.) 3287 

versicolor C^siiW.) 8287-6 

Ascaricida indica (Coss.) ... 159--' 

Ascurina serrata (B\.) ... 2419 

ASCLEPIADACE^ LXXV 

Asclepias acida (Roxb.) ... 1891 

anmdaris (Roxb.)... ... 1887 

aphylla (Roxb.) 1891 

asthrnatica (Willd.) ... 1916 

dichotoma (Rottl.) ... 1913 
echinata (Herb. Madr.) 1901 (6»a.) 

eehtng^ta (Roxb.) .. ... 1885 

geminata (Roxb.)... ... 1895 

gigantea (Willd.) 1882 

laurifolia (Roxb.).. ... 1880 

longistigma (Roxb.) ... ]876 

microphylla (Roxb.) ... 1884 

?mvntana (Roxb.) ... 1898 

odoratissima (Roxb.) ... 1805 

pallida (Roxh.) ... .. 19u4 

parasitica (Roxb.) ... 1923 

pendula (Roxb.) 1927 



210 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Asclepias — cont. 

934. procera (Bot. Reg.) 

935. Pseudo-sarsa (Roxb.) 

936. racemosa (Roxb.) .. 

937. rosea (Roxb.) 

938. Sussuela (Roxb.) .. 
938. {i>is) Tenacissima 

(Roxb.) 
tenuis (Heyne.) ... 
tenuissima (Roxb.) 
tinctoria (Roxb.) ... 
tingens (Roxb.) 



939. 
940. 
941. 
942. 
943. 
944. 
945. 
946. 
947. 
948. 
949. 



NO. 

1883 

1866 
1917 
1881 
1924 

19014 
1910 
1913 
1901 
1897 
tomentosa (Herb.Ma(Jr.)1901(Ws.) 



tuherosa (Roxb.) ... . 1929 

tunicata {Mori. Cade.) ... 188'.' 

tunicata (Roxb.) ... ... 1916 

voluhilis (Herb. Madr.)... 1929 

voluhlis (Linn, f) ... 1918 

vomitoria (Koen.i ... 1916 

950. Aspalathus indica (Linn.) ... 746 

951. Asparago'psis ahvssinica 
(Knnth.) ' 3088 

Brow-nei (Kunth.) ... 3088 

Becaisnei (Kunth.) ... 3088 

densiflora {Kwnth..) ... 3093 

norihunda (Kunth.) .,. 3088 

Hohe.nacKeri (Kunth.) .. .3088 
js.vanica (Miq.) .. ... 3088-6 

lancpa (Kunth.) 3093 

sarmentoaa (Dalz. & 

Gibs.) 3088-b 

xeviii. Asparagcs (Linn.) ... cmlsii 

960. aeerosus (W&U.) 3088 

asiaticus (Linn.) ... ... 30S7 

asiaticus (Wight) ... 3085 

capitatas (Baker.) ... 3083 
Curillus (Wall.) 3085, 3090 

duhius (Dene.) ... . 3088 

fasciculatus (Br.) 3088 

forihundus (Eottl.) ... 3084 

gonoclados (Baker.) ... 3090 

Jacquemontii (Baker.) 3oS6 

lifivissimns (Steud.) ... 3089 

medioloides (Thunh.) ... 3091 

plumosus (Baker.) ... 3092 

racemosns [Willd.) ... 3088 

Rottleri (Sa/cer.) ... ... 3C84 

sarmentosus (Heyne) ... 3088 

sarmentosus (Linn.) ... 3093 

Sprengeri (Regel.) ... 3094 

Bubulatus (Steud.) ... 3065 

sylvaticus (Bui-ch.) ... 3095 

tomentosus (Sphalm.) ... 3093 

virgatus (Baker.) ... 3095 

voluhilis (Ham.) 3088 

voluhili.'^ (Wall.) 3089 

984. Aspidium acutum (Schk.) ... 3371 

985. aridum (Don.) 3353 

articulatwm (Sw.) ... 3368 

callosum (Blume.) ... 3353 
canariense (Brown.) .. 3364-6 

catophoron (Kuntze.) ... 3360 

cicutarium (Hk.) ... 3349 

coadunaUi/m (Wall.) .„ 3349 



952. 
953. 
954. 
955. 
956. 
957. 
958. 
959. 



961. 
962. 
963. 
964. 
965. 
966. 
967. 
968. 
969. 
970. 
971. 
972. 
973. 
974. 
975. 
976. 
977. 
978. 
979. 
980. 
981. 
982. 
983. 



986. 
987. 
988. 
989. 
990. 
991. 



AspidiuTn — cont. 
cucullatv/m (Blume) 
decurrens (Sni.) ... 
densum (Wall.) ■. 
dejtastwin (Schk.) 
divisum (Wall.) ... 
Domunurn (Spr.)... 
ero.sum (Schk.) ... 
fuscvpes (Wall.) ... 
giganteum (Blume) 
gongyloides (Schk.) 
intermedium (Sm.) 
lanuginosum (Bory) 
Ludovicianvm (Knnz.e.) . 
macrophyUum (Blume) . 
ynultifugum (Wall.) 
neriiforme (Sw.) ... 
nitidulum (Wall.) 
ohtusatwm (Willd.) 
paleaceum (Sm.) ... 
paludosum (Raddi.) 
patentissimum (Wall.) . 
pendulu'in (Raddi.) 
pennigerum (Elume) 
piilosulum (Wall.) 
pilosulum (Lange.) 
platynotum (Kuntze.) 
Pohlianum (\'y. & Kee.) . 
pol ymcrpJiurn (Wall.) . 
prionophyllum (Wall.) . 
pteroid.es (Blume) 
purpurascens (Blume) 
repandum (Willd.) 
rostratum (Wall.) 
■■iagenoides (Mett.) 
SeJiimperianum (Hoch. 

Br.) 

Schkuhrii (Blume) 
sparsum (Spreng.) 
apectabile (Blume) 
splendens (Willd.) 
iubdiaphanum (Wall.) 
suhlanulosum (Wall.) 
* tavoyannm (Wall.) 
tenericaule (Thw.) 
truticatum (Gand.) 
venulosum (Wall.) 
Wallichianum (Spreng) 
Wallichianum (Borj) 
Wightianuyn (Knntze.) 
xcix. Aspidopterys (Juss.) 
1040. canarensis (Dalz.) 
cordata (Ju.<^s.) 
glomerata (Wight) 
oxyphylla (Juss.) 
Eoxfenrghiana (Juss.) 



NO. 
992. 
998. 
994. 

995. 

996. 

997. 

998. 

999 
1000. 
1001. 
1002. 
1003. 
1004. 
1005. 
1006. 
1007. 
1008. 
1009. 
1010. 
1011. 
1012. 
1013. 
1014. 
1015. 
1016. 
1017. 
lOlS. 
1019. 
1020. 
1021. 
1021'. 
1023. 
1024. 
1025. 
102(5. 

1027. 
1028. 
1029. 
1030. 
1031. 
1032. 
1033. 
1034. 
1035. 
1036. 
1037. 
1038. 
1039. 



1041. 
1042. 
1043. 
1044. 



e. Aspleninm (Linn.) 

1045. ambiguum (Hk.) ... 

1046. ambiguum (Sw,'^ ... 

1047. bipinnatum (Roxb.) 
1048 dilatotum (Hk.) ... 
1019. esculentum ■ Presl.) 

1050, Fieldingiana (Kuntze.) 

1051. Filix-fcEmina (Berut.) 



NO. 

. 3353 
. 3350 
. 3360 
. 3364-6 
. 3367 
. 3364-« 
. 3J64-6 
,. 3359 
,, 3348 
.. 3354 
.. 3348 
.. 335S 
.. 3364 
.. 3350 
.. 3351 
.. 3368 
.. 3360 
.. 2354 
.. 3364-ft 
.. 3371 
.. 3364 a 
.. 3370 

3352 
.. 3354 
.. 3372 
,. 3350 
.. 3354 
.. 3.366 
.. 3352 

3353 
.. 3360 
.. 3366 
.. 3366 
.. 3359 
& 

..3364-6 
.. 3372 
.. 3360 
.. 3362 
.. 3371 

3355 
., 3370 
.. 3370 
.. 3358 
.. 3352 
.. 3353 
3364-a 

3368 
,.. 3360 
. . cxxxi 
... 360 
.. 361 
... 360 
... 359 
354 
.. nalvii 
... 334S 
,.. 3346 
... 3346 
... 3344 
... 3.346 
.. 3345 
... 3343 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



211 



NO. 


Aaplenium — cont. 


NO. 


NO. 


1052 


latifolium {Hk.) ... 


.. ■.i-.iu 


1102. 


1053 


Moritzii (iMftt.) .„. 


.. 3346 


1103. 


1054 


polypijdioidfs {Mett.) . 


.. 3345 


1104. 


1055 


siilvaticinn (Pn-sl.) 


.. 3347 


110.5. 


oi. A8teriosti{j:ma(Ji*'(i(i.) •• 


iix 


1106. 


1056 


macrocarpnm {Bedd.) . 


114 


1107. 


cii. 


Astrapxa (Liiidl.) 


cix 


1108. 


1057. 


tilitr folia (Sweet.) 


.. 294 


1109. 


1058. 


WalUchii (Lindl.) 


. 295 


cxi. 


oiii. 


Astrocarynm {Q.F.W. Mey.) 


. mxvii 


1110. 


1059. 


Borsignanum (C. Koch) 


3147 




1060. 


argenteum {Hort, Bull.). 


. 3237 




1061. 


Aiitylua venusta (Wight) 


2598 




civ. 


Atalantia (C'orr.) ... 


clvi 




1062. 


capitellata (Lindl.) 


. 405 


cxii. 


1063. 


carissoides (Wall.) 


. 404 


1111. 


1064. 


ceylanica (Oliv.) 


406 


1112. 


1065. 


forihunda (Wiglit.) 


, 404 


1113. 


1066. 


missionis {Oliv.) ... 


. 407 




1067. 


moiiophylla {Corr.) 


404 


1114. 


1068. 


platij stigma (Wif'.ht) 


. 404 




1069. 


racemosa {W. Sr A.) 


405 


1115. 


1070. 


A thiirium Filicc-faemina 




1116. 




(Bernh.) 


. 3313 


1117. 


1071. 


tenuifrons (^Vall.) 


. 3343 


1118. 


1072. 


Atragene zeylanica (Linn.) 


10 


1119. 


or. 


.Atrategia (Bedd.) .. 


XX 


1120. 


1073. 


Thomsoni (Bedd.) 


63 


1121. 


cvi. 


Attalea(ff. -B. cj'Jf.) 


. mxviii 


1122. 


1074. 


Cohnne (Mart.) ... 


. 3238 


cxiii. 


cvii. 


Atylosia (W. 4* A.) 


cccxviii 


1 123. 


1075. 


albicans (Benth.) 


850 


il24. 


1076. 


barbala {Baher) ... 


853 


cxiv. 


1077. 


Candollei(»'. cj-^.) 


. 845 


1125. 


1078. 


geminiflora (Dah.) 


846 


1126. 


1079. 


glandulosa (Dalz.) 


. 849 


1127. 


1080. 


goensis (Dalz.) 


853 




1081. 


La^vii (Wiaht.) 


. 847 


cxv. 


1082. 


lineata (W. ^ A.) 


. 847 


1128. 


1083. 


major (W. & A.) ... 


. 845 


1129. 


1084. 


mollis (Benth.) 


, 849 


1130. 


1085. 


rostrata (Baker.) 


. 852 


1131. 


1086. 


rugosa (W. ^ A.) 


. 851 


1132. 


1087. 


sericea (Benth.) ... 


848 


1133. 


1088. 


Aubletia caseolaris 




cxvi. 




(Gasrtn.) 


1321 


1134. 


cviii. 


Averrhoa (Linn.) 


cxxxv 


cxvii. 


1089. 


Bilimbi (Linn.) ... 


. 366 


1135. 


1090. 


Carambola (Linn.) 


365 


1136. 


cix. 


A.vicennia (Linn.) ... dccsxxviii 


1137. 


1091. 


alha(B\.) 


2334-6 


1138. 


1092. 


intermedia (Grii¥.) 


2334-6 


1139. 


1093. 


officinalis (linn.) 


2334 


cxviii. 


1094. 


officinalis (Kurz.) 


233i-b 


1140. 


1095. 


reamifera (Forsk.) 


. 2334 


1141. 


1096. 


re.iinifera (GriS.) 


2334-6 


1142. 


1097. 


tomentosa '^ Jacq.) . . 


2334 


.143. 


1098. 


Axenfeldia intermedia 




1144. 




(Baill.) 


2689 • 


1145. 


ex. 


Azadiracbta (Juss.) 


clxxviii 


1146. 


1099. 


indica (Juss.) 


452 


1147. 


1100. 


Azalea calycina (Lem.) 


1646 


1148. 


1101. 


chinensia (Steud.) 
14-A 


1647 


1149. 



Azalea — cont. no. 

crt.tpijlora (flk.) ... ... 1*546 

decum,bfns (D.C) ... 1646 

indica CLiiiri." ... ... 1646 

obtusa (Lindl.) 1616 

moUe (Siob) 1647 

.linense (Linn.) ... ... 1647 

Azanza acuminata (Alif.) 252 

(Lampa.i (Alif.) 251 

Azima (Lamk). .. dlxxvii 

tetracantha (Lamk.) ... 1800 



B 



Baccaurea (Lour.) dcccxxvii 

courtallensis (Muell.) ... 2619 

sapida (Bedd.) ... ... 2619 

Uadamia Commersoni 

(Gsertn.) 1144 

Bseobotrys acuminata 

(Spreng.) 1657 

acuminata (Wall.) ,.. 513 

dribia(Wan.) 1659 

fragrana (WaW.) ... ... 1657 

glabra (Roxb.) ... ... 1657 

indica (Roxb.) ... ... 1658 

'? missionis (Wa]!.) ... 1657 

nemoralis (Roxb.) ... 1658 

ramentacea (Roxb.) ... 1657 

Balanites (Del.) ... clxvi 

asgijptiaca (Wall.) ... 433 

Roxburghii (Planch.) ... 433 

Balanocarpiis (Bedd.) ... Ixxxv 

erosa (Bedd.) 209 

ntilis (Bedd.) 208 

Balanopteris Tothila 

(Gjertn.) 277 

Baliosperrnnm (Bl.) dccclvi 

annulare (Dene.) ... 2696 

axillare (Bi.) 2696 

indtcum (Dene.) ... ... 2696 

montanum (Mnell.) ... 2696 

Moritzianum (Baill.) ... 2696 

polyandrum (Wight) ... 2696 

Baloghia ( Endi. ) ... ...dcccxl. 

indica (Endl.) 2652 

Balsamodendron (Kunth.) clxxi. 

Berryi (Am.) ... ... 442 

candsatum (March.) ... 443 

pubescens (^TV'. ^' J.) ... 444 

Roxbm-fjhi? (Am.) ... 8441 

Bambos stricta (Hoxb.) ... 3310 

Bambusa (Schreb.) ... mxliv 

ainndinacea {Willd.) ... 3304 

tirundinacea (Ait.) ... 3303 

Arimdo (Klien.) ... 3304 

'' Bituny (iiassk.) . 3305 ■ 

P.randisii (Munro) ... 3315 

cfi'.-iia (Sieb. & Zucc.) ... 3302 

Fakoneri (Munro) ... 3312 

Fortnnei (Van Eoutte.) ... 3300 

gigantea (Wall.) ... 3313 

glauca (Lodd.) 830? 



212 



BOTANICAL IWDEX. 



NO. : 


Bambusa — cont. 


NO. 


NO. 


1150. 


glaucescena (Sieb.) 


3302 


1208. 


1151. 


humilis (Rchb.) ... 


3303 


1209. 


1152. 


longispatha (Kurz.) 


3314 


1210. 


11S3. 


Macala{R&m.) 


3S01. 


1211. 


1154. 


maxima (Ham). •• 


1312 


1212. 


1155. 


monogyna ('Griff.) 


3312 


1213. 


1156. 


nana {Roxh.) 


3302 


1214. 


1157. 


Nees'iana (Arn.) ... 


3304 


1215. 


1158. 


nigrociliata (Buse.) 


3305 


1216. 


1159. 


onentalis (Nees.) 


3304 


1217. 


1160. 


pungens (Blanco.) 


3304 


1218. 


1161. 


Bitcheyi (Monro.) 


3307 


1219. 


1162. 


scriptoria (Denust.) 


3318 


1220. 


1163. 


Sieheri (Griseb.) ... 


3303 


1221. 


1164. 


spinosa (Roxb.) .. 


3304-b 


1222. 


1165. 


ateriiis (Kurz.) ... 


3302 


1223. 


1166. 


striata (Lodd.) 


3303 


1224. 


Ilfi7. 


^fricio (Roxb.) 


3310 


1225. 


1168. 


ttridula (Moon.) ... 


3319 


1226. 


1169. 


surinamenais (Rupr.) 


8303 


1227. 


1170, 


ThoHOfrsii (Knnth.) 


. 3303 


1228. 


1171. 


trigyna (Roxb.) 


. 8301 


1229. 


1172. 


Tulda (Eoa;b.) 


. 830 L 


1230. 


1173. 


verticillata (Benth.) 


. 3310 


1231. 


1174. 


viridi-(/laueefcen3 (C'^krr.) 


3302 


1232. 


1175. 


vnlgaris {ScTirad.) 


. 3303 


1233. 


1176. 


Wightii (Mnnro.) 


. 8322 


1234. 


1177. 


Banisteria hengalensis 


1235. 




(Linn.) 


355 


1236. 


1178. 


lauri folia (Linn.)... 


. 357 


1237. 


1179. 


tetraptera (Sonn.) 


355 


X238. 


1180. 


v/nicap.iularis (Lamk.) 


355 


1239. 


cxix. 


Bank sia (Linn..) 


.dccxcv 


1240. 


1181. 


australis (R. Br.) 


. 2490 


1241. 


1182. 


depressa (R. Br.) ... 


. 249C 




1183. 


ferrea (Vent.) 


. 2490 


1242. 


1184. 


Ownnii (Meiss.) 


. 2490 




1185. 


hypoleuca (Huffng.) 


. 2490 


cxxii. 


1186. 


insularis (R. Br.) 


. 2490 


1243. 


1187. 


integrifolia (LabilL) 


. 2490 


1244. 


1188. 


marcescens (Bompl.) 


. 2490 


1245. 


1189. 


marginata (E. Br.) 


. 2490 


1246. 


1190. 


microrhiza (Gav.) 


. 2490 


1247. 


1191. 


ohlongifolia (Lodd.) 


. 2490 


i cxxiii. 


1192. 


patlula (^. Er.) 


2490 


1248. 


1193. 


frsemorsa (Hort. Dnir 


I. 


1249. 




Coars.) 


. 2490 


1250. 


1194. 


tenuifolia (Salisb.) 


. 2485 


1251. 


cxx. 


Banksia (Eoeii). 


CEQXlvii 


i 1252. 


1195. 


speciosa {Keen.) 


. 3000 


1 1253. 


oxxi. 


Barleria (Linn.) 


. dccvii 


! 1254. 


1196. 


acuminata (Wi^ht) 


233 l-b 


12.«;5. 


1197. 


Beddomei (T. Anders.) .. 


. 2234 


1?56. 


1198. 


br<icteata (Heyne) 


. 2243 


1257. 


1199. 


buxifolia {linn.) 


. 2227 


cxxiv 


1230. 


ciliata (Roxb.) 


. 2239 


1257. 


1201. 


caridea (Roxb.) ... 


2242 


1258. 


1202. 


ccBTules. {Wall.) 


2243 


1259. 


1203. 


courtallica {Nees.) 


2240 


1260. 


1204. 


cristata {Linn.) 


2239 


1261. 


1205. 


cristata (Lamk.) 


2229 


1262. 


1206. 


cnspidata {Heyne) 


2226 




1207. 


dicliotoma (Roxb.) 


2239 


1263. 



Barleria — cont xo^ 

elata (D.ilz.) 2232 

Gibsoni {Dalz.) 2236 

. </randiflora {Dalz.) ... 2238 

Hystrix (Liun.) ... ... 2225 

incequahs (Benth.) ... 2230 

involncrata (J^ees.) ... 2242 

lacimata (Wa.\].) 2239 

Lavvii {T. Ander.?.) ... 2234 

longiflora (Li'/i'w.. /.) ... 2230 

longiflolia {T. Ander$.) ... 2230 

macrophylla (Heyne.) ... 2242 

montana {Nees.) ... ... 2235 

montana (Wight & Nees.) 2236 

myaorensis {Roth.) ... 2228 

napalansis (Nees.) ... 2229 

nitida {Nees.) 3243 

noctiflora (i/iiMi. /.) .. 2229 

»« da (Nees.) 8239 

paniculata (Wall.) ... 2231 

pentandra (Arn) ... 2232 

pilosa (IFaii.) 2233 

polystachya (Nees.) ... 2242-b 

Prionitis {Lrnn.) ... ... 2225 

pubiflorm (Benth.) ... 2225 

purpurea (Lodd.) ... 2235 

racemosa (Heyne.) ... 2231-b 

sepalosa {Glarlc.) ... 2237 

Spma-eeylanica (Nees.) ... 2228 

Stocksii (T. ^7idfrs.) ... 2241 

Bti-igoaa. {Willd.) 2242 

terminalis (Xei^s ) .., 2242-« 

tomentosa {Roth.) ... 2231 

tomentom (Wall.") ... 2231-b 

Barleriacanthus noctiflora 

(Oerst.) : 2229 

Barleriosiphon longi^orus 

(Oerst.) 2230 

Barnadesia {Mutis.) ...dxxxii 

arborea (Sch.) 1631 

dianthijiora (Mart.) ... 1631 

grandifora{R.BT.) ... 1631 

laxa (b. Don.) 1631 

rosea {Lindl.) ... ... 1631 

, Barringtonia {Font.) ... cdxxij 

acntangnla {Go'rtn.) ... 1275 

alha (Miq.) 1274 

atiatica (Knrz.) ... ... 1273 

.'' macrophylla (Miq.) ... 1273 

puhescens (Miers.) ... 1275-6 

racemosa (£i.) ... ... 1274 

rubra (Miq.) 1274 

speciosa (Por.'^i.) ... 1273 

speciosa (Wall.) 1274 

Barrotia diodon (Gand.) ... 3243 

7. Bassia {Linn.) ... ... dlix. 

(bi'!.) fulva {Bedd.) Do. 1688 {bis.) 

latifolia {Roxh.) 1686 

longifolia {Linn.) ... 1687 

malabarica {Bedd.) ... 1688 

iijiZo.sa (Wall.) 1686 

Batatas choisyana 

(Wight) 2006 

edwiis (Chois.) 2033 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



213 



No. Batalas — cont. 

1264. Loureirii (G. Don.) 

1265. maritinia (Bojnr.) 
126tJ. paniculata (Ctiois.) 

1267. Batis (lurantiaca (Wall.) 

1268. fruticosa (Roxb.) ... 

1269. apinosa (lioxb.) ... 

1270. Batschia laurifolia (Vahl 
cxxv. Banhinia {Linn.) 

1271. acQininata {Linn.) 

1272. anguina {Roxb.) ... 

1273. Tienthami (Bedd.) 

1274. Buchanani (Desv.) 

1275. Candida (Ait.) 

1276. Candida (Roxb.) ... 

1277. coromandeliana (D.C.) 

1278. diphylla {Ham.^ ... 

1279. Hookeri {F. MuelL.) 

1280. malabarica {Rowb.) 

1281. monandra {Kurz.) 

1282. parvifora (Vabl.) 

1283. phiBTiicea ( »Tl'('yn(;) 

1284. purpurea {Linn.) 

1285. lyurpwrea (Wall.) 

1286. raceaiosa {Lam.) ... 

1287. racemo.-ia (Vahl.) . 

1288. rotuNa {Ham.) 

1289. Ridiardiana (D.CJ 
li90. ru/icarpa iDesv.) 

1291. ncandens (Linn.) .. 

1292. speciosa (Boxb.) ... 

1293. spicata (Keen ) ... 

1294. tomcntoaa {Lin7i.) 
12&5. tomentosa {WnU.)... 

1296. triandra{B,oKb.) 

1297. VaLIii {W. ^- A.) 

1298. vaiiegafca iJAnn.) .. 
oxxvi. lieaumontia ( Wall.) 

129P. tcrandiilora ( IFaii.) 

1300. Jerdoniana ( IFrj/iO 

1301. .'' longijlora (Lodd.) 
cxxvii. Beddomea {Uk. J.) 

1302. indica (/ft./.) 

1303. siinplicifolia {Bedd.) 

1304. Beesha Rheedii (Knnth.) 
^ 1305. stridula (Muuro) 

i.306. travancorica (Bedd.) 
cxxviii. Beilschiiiiedia (Nees.) 

1307. Bourdiiloui {Brand.) 

1.308. fagifolia (Wees. ... 

1309. Wightii (Benth.) ... 
cxxix. Bentliamia (Lindl.) 

1310. fragifera (Lindl.) 
cxxx. Bentipckia (JBerri/.) 

1311. Condajjanua (Berry.) 

Xiy. BERBEEIDACE^ ... 
cxxxi. Berberis (Linn.) 

1312. acanthifolia (Wall,) 

1313. o^ms (D. Don.) ... 

1314. angustifolia (Roxb.) 

1315. aristata {D.C.) ... 

1316. ceratophylla (D. Don.) 

1317. Ghitria {Ham.) ... 



NO. 


NO. 


... 2050 


1318. 


... 2047 


1319. 


... 2033 


1320. 


... 2719 


1321. 


... 2761 


1322. 


... 2719 


1323. 


983 


1324. 


... ecclvii 


1325. 


989 


1326. 


... 998 


1327. 


995 


1328. 


... 992 


1329. 


... 989 


1330. 


... 997 




996 


1331. 


992 


1332. 


... 1000 


13.33. 


.:. 991 


cxxxii. 


999 


133K 


... 990 


1335. 


... 995 


1336. 


996 


cxxxiii 


989, 997 


13.37. 


... 990 


XV. 


... 9;- 4 


1338. 


.. 993 


1339. 


... iOOl 


1340. 


995 


1341. 


998 


cxxxiv 


... 998 


1342. 


990 


1343. 


988 




... 991 


1344. 


.. 996 


. 1345. 


.. 994 


1346. 


... 997 


1347. 


dci 


1349. 


...■ 1851 




... 1852 


C.VXXV. 


... 1851 


1350. 


clxxxviii 


1351. 


473 


1352. 


... 474 


1353. 


... 3318 


13.'>4. 


... 3319 


1355. 


... 3321 


1356. 


dcclxxiii 
... 2432 
... 2430 
... 2431 
... cdlxxi 
... 1421 
omlxxxv 
... 3113 

VI 


1357. 
13.58. 
13,59. 
1 360. 
1361. 
1362. 
1363. 
1364. 
1365. 
1366. 


xlii 


1367. 


97 


1368, 


... 986 ' 


1369. 


... 98-0 


1370. 


98 


1371. 


... 96-6 


1372. 


... 98-0 


1373. 



Borberis— coi»<. 

coriaria (Roy In,) ... 

floribrmda (Wall.) 

Lcschenaultii (Wall.) 

Miccia (Hani.) 

micrantha (Wall.) 

nopalensi.s {Spreng.) 

petiolaris (Wall.) .. 

tinctoria (Losch.) .. 

umbellata (Lindl.) 
Berchemia hamosa (Wall.) . 

oppositifolia (Wall.) 

parvi/'Ora (Wall.) 
Bergera integerrima 
(Roxb.) 

Kcenigii (Linn.) 

nitida (Thw.) 

villosa (Wall.) 
Berrya {Roxb.) 

Amraonilla {Roxb.) 

mollis (\\ all.) 
Bessera inermis (Spreng.) 
i. Betula {Town.) 

alba {Linn.) 
BETULACE^ 
Beurrcria aspera (G. 

glabra (G. Don.) .. 

Id-vis (G. Don.) .. 

punctata (G. Don.) 
. Bhesa (lapsu Uhesa) 

paniculata (Arn.) 
Bianctea mimusoidgs 
aro.) 

Sappa.n (Todaro.) 

scayidcns (Todaro.) 
Bidaria elcgans (l^cne.) 

elegans (Dalz. & Gibs.) 

ting ens (Dene.) ... 



Bignonia {linn.) ... 
adenophijlla (Wall.) 
argyreia {Andr.) ... 
atrovirens Ololh.) 
Azedarachta (Keen.) 
c&pensis (Tliunb.) 
cundata (Miq.) 
Chamberlaynei {Sims.) .. 
chelonoides {h\nn.) 
c/ime«sis (Lamk.) 
coccinen (Stund.) 
crispa (Ham.) 
Jfnrida (Salisb.) ... 
frutescens (Mill.).,. 
glauca (Done,) 
gracilis {Dene.) ... 
grandAJiora (Thunb,) 
incisa (Tib. D.C.) 
indAca (Linn.) 
jasminoides (A. Cunn.) ... 2126 
longifolia (Willd.) ... 2158 

longissima (Lour.) ... 2131 

magnifica (Bull.) ... 2142 

megapotamicH. {Spreng.) 2143 
meonantha (Link.) ... 2129 



NO. 

98-6 

98-6 

97 

97 

98-6 

97 

98-6 

98-0 

98-6 

573 

574 

574 

391-a 

393 

396 

39-la 

cxviii 

307 

307-6 

2591 

dccclxxxvii 

... 2784 

... on 

Don.) 1980-a 
... 1968 
... 1980 
... 1980 
Arn. ocxx 
... 542 
(Tod- 

932 

929 

931 

... 1899 

... 1898 

... 1897 

1898 

d clxxxviii 

... 2139 

... 2142 

... 2133 

... 2118 

... 2123 

2145 

2144 

2149 

2120 

2129 

2132 

2123 

2121 

2120 

2146 

2125 

2121 

2119, 2158 



214 



BOTANICAI. INDEX. 



NO. Bignonia — eont. NO. 

1374. multi'Aoga (Wall.) ... 2158 

1375. Paganelia (Ham.) ... 2158 

1376. Pandorarana (Andr.) ... 2129 

1377. Pandorea (Vent.) ... 2129 

1378. pentatidra (Lour.) ... 2119 

1379. quadrilecularis (Eox.b.) ... 2138 

1380. radicals (Linn.) ... ... 2123 

1381. salicifolia (Bnch Ham.) 2120 

1382. serratifolia (Vahl.) ... 2127 

1383. sorhifolia (Salisb.) ... 2121 

1384. spathacea {Linn.) ... 2131 

1385. sputhacea (Roxb.) 2133 

1386. sicn.s (Linn.) 2121 

1387. siunveolens (Resb.) ... 2150 

1388. suberosa (Royb.) 2118 

1389. tecomoi des [D.C.) ... 2122 

1390. tome^itosa (Rich.) ... 2122 

1391. Tropseolum (Jacqmt.) ... 2120 

1392. Tweediana {Rich.) ... 2145 

1393. uncoil. (Andr.) 2136 

1394. nncinata{G.F.Mej.) ... 2136 

1395. nndulata (Sm.) 2120 

1396. unguis; (Linn.) 2]4fc' 

1397. nnguia-cati {hinn.) ... 2146 

1398. unrjuiculata (St. Lag.) ... 2146 

1399. venusta (X. Gaid.) ... 2144 

1400. xylocarpa (Roxb.) ... 2151 
XVI. BI'^NONIACE^ ... LXXXII 

1401. Billardiera fusiformis {La.- 



bill.) 

1402. Biota granilifolia 

(Knight.) 

1403. ^laponica (Sieb.) ... 
1401. nepalensis (Endl.) 

1405. orientalis {Y,Ti<M.)... 

1406. pendula {'EnAl.) ... 
1*07- pyramidalis (Carr.) 

1408. striata {L'mAl.) ... 

1409. tatarica (Lindl.) ... 

1410. Zuccarini (Sieb.)... 

1411. Bircheateretifolia(A.. Rich.) 
cxxxvi. Bischofia {Bl.) 

1412. Cwmingiana (Dene.) 

1413. javanica (Bi.) 

1414. oblong) folia (Dene.) 

1415. Roepe liana (Dene.) 

1416. Tou? (Hone.) 

1417. trifoliata (Hook ) 
cxxxvii. Bixa (Linn.) 



1418. Orellana (Linn.) ... 
XVIL BIXACE^ 

1419. Blaberopv..'' neriifolins (A 

Dc.) 

1420. Sebusu (Van flnorck. 

MueU.) 

1421 . venenatus ( A.Dc.) 



146 

2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2817 
2950 
dcccxxiii 
2607 
2607 
2607 
2607 
2607 
2607 
lii 
130 
X 

18S1 



cxxxviii. Blachia (Baill.) 



... 1831 

... 1830 

dcccixxix 

... 2650 



1422. calycina {Benth ) 

1428. dsnnda^td. {Benth.) ... 2651 

1424. reflexa {Benth.) 2649 

1425. umbellata (JBaiii ) ... 2648 

1426. Blackburnia monadelpha 

(Roxb.) .. 1798 



No. Blackburnia — cout. 


Ko. 


1427. 


oppositifolia (Planch.) ... 


1798 


1428. 


Blackwellia acuminata 






(WalL) 


1338 


1429. 


spiralis (Wall.) ... 


1339 


1430. 


tetrandra (Wight) 


i340 


1431. 


tomentos a {Vent.) 


1339 


1432. 


zeylanica (Gardn.) 


. 1340 


1433. 


BladJiia crispa (Thunb.) .. 


. 1666 


cxxxix. 


Blechnum (£fn.n.) . . . 


mlvi 


1434. 


brasiliensis {Raddi.) 


. 3339 


1435. 


cartilagineus {Sw. ) 


. 3340 


1436. 


glandulosum {?) 


. 3341 


1437. 


occidentale (Raddi.) 


. 3341 


1438. 


orientale (Linn.) .. 


. 3.342 


cxl. 


Slepharis (Juss.) 


ccv 


1439. 


boerhaaviaBfolia {Perg.) . 


. 2221 


1440. 


mad.eraspatensis (Roth.) 


2221 


144.1. 


moliuginifoJia (,Per.s.) 


. 2222 


1442. 


repens (Koth.) 


. 2222 


cxli. Blepharisperni'jm {Wight) . 


dxxi 


1413. 


petiolare {D.O.) 


. 1608 


1444. 


snbsessile {B.C.) 


. 1609 


cxhi. 


Blepharistemma {Wall.) . 


cdi 


1445. 


corymbosTiiii {Wall.) 


. 1142 


cxliii. 


Blighia {Eon.) 


. ccxliii 


1446. 


sapida (C Kon.)... 


. 630 


1447. 


Blituw. frutescens 






(Ramph.) 


. 2371 


1448. 


Bobuc lnurina (D.C.) 


. 1725 


csliv. 


Bocagea. (St. Hil.) ... 


xxviii 


1449. 


DaUeUii (Hk. & T.) .. 


. 75, 76 


cxlv. 


Boehmeria ( Jacg.) ... dcoclxxxi 


1450. 


a/ngrustata (Hassk.) 


. 27/8 


1451. 


candicans (Hassk.) 


277l-a 


i 452. 


caudigera {Wedd.) 


. 2772-d 


1453. 


dichotoma (Hassk.) 


. 2778 


1454. 


macrostachi a (Wedd.) 


2772.a 


1455. 


malabarica (TT'edd." 


.. 2770 


1456. 


mauritiana ( Wedd.) 


277 2-a 


1457. 


nivea {Rook, f Am.) 


. 2771 


1458. 


ourantha (Miq.) .. 


. 2772-b 


14.59. 


platyphylla (D. Don.) . 


. 2772 


1460. 


rotundJfolia (D. Don.) . 


. 2772-d 


1461. 


scabrella (Gaud.) 


. 2772-b 


1462. 


sylvaticif (Hassk.) 


. 2776-6 


UG3. 


tenacissima (Gaud.) 


. 2771-b 


1464. 


travancorica (Bedd.) 


. 2770 


exlvi 


Boerhaavia ( /. wn. 1 


.. dccli 


1465. 


repanda {JVilld.) 


. 2365 


1466. 


scandens (GiLs.) . , 


. 2366 


1467. 


.stellata (Wighf~) .. 


.. 2366 


1468. 


umbellata (Wight) 


.. 2.365 


1469 


verticillata {Poir.) 


. 2366 


cxivii. 


Bombax {Linn.) 


.. xcviii 


1470. 


Ceiba {Linn.) 


.. 258 


1471. 


Ceiba (Burm.) 


.. 259 


1472. 


Gossypium (Linn.) 


.. 129 


1473. 


heptaphyUum (CaY.) 


.. 259 


1474. 


insigne (TT^aiJ.) ... 


260 


1475. 


malabaricum {Dc.) 


. 259 


1476. 


orientale (Spreng ) 


. 261 


1477. 


peniandrum (Linn.) , 


. 261 


cxlviii 


Sonannja(Rafin.) .. 


. ccxliii 



cotanigAl index. 



215 



NO. NO. 

XVIII. BORAGINACE^. LXXVIII 
cxlix. Borassus {lAnn.) .. ... mx 

1478. sethiopum (Mant.) ... 3224 

dic^o<omws (White.) ... 3224 

flabellifer'.Liwn.) 3224 

Jlaheiliformis (Murr.) ... 3224 
Qomuttis (Jjowv .) . . . ... 3149 

cl. Boronia (Swm.) ... .. cxxxi.Y 

1483. megastigma iNees.) ... 372 

14S4. tristis {'Hxircz.) .372 

14S.5. Bosea trinervia (.TioiLh .) ... 2712 
1486. Bos.<iixa rhombifoUa (Nich.) 702 
Boswellia {lioxh.) ... ... clxix 

glabra {\lo-s.h.) 439-'' 

.ser.ata (i;oa;6.) 439 

i/iur»/era (Roxl).)... ... 439 

Botryosicijos pentaphyllus 
(Hochst.) 
clii. Eouchea (C/ia»!.) 
1491. hycteiabadensi8( JFaip.).. 
cliii. Bougainvillea (Linn.) 
bracteata (Pers.) 
brasUietms (Ralasch.) .. 
s;labra (' 'hoisy ) . 
lateritia (Hort.) 
rubicunda (Schott.) 
specwsi (Schviize.) 
spec^abilis (Willd.) 
cliii {bis). Bonvardia 
{Salisb.) 
1498 (bis.) corymbijlora 

('i.e. 7873.) 
1498 (tris.) fsva (B.B,. 

32.) 
1498 {tetr.) Humbokltii 

{Salisb.) ... 
1498 (pent ). jasminiflora 
(G.i). 1872.) 
cliv. Bowenia {Ek.^ 

1499. serrulata (Hort 'I 

1500. spectabilis (H/c.) 

1501. Bnymia glahri folia 

(Champ.) 
civ Brachijrhiton (Muell.) 

1502. acerifoHum (Mnell.) 
clvi. Brachylepis (W^. ^ A.) 

150e. nervosa (ir. #• .J.) 

robnstum (Dalz. & Gibs.) 

1506. ■'•candens (Dalz. & Gibe.) , 
clvii. Brachystelma (Br.) 

1507. Beddomei (Hk. f.) 

1508. volnbile (Hfe. /.) 

1509. Bradleia dioica{Vsbh\.} 

1510. lanceolar ia {Wa,l\.) 



1479. 

1480. 
1481. 
1482. 



eli. 
1487. 
1488 
1489. 
1490. 



1492. 
1493. 
1494. 
1495. 
1496. 
1497. 
1498. 



■ 3057 

dccxsii 
2283 

. dcclii 
2370 
2370 
2360 

2370.6 
236-b 
2379 
2370 



clxxxv (bin.) 

1459 {bis.).b 

1459 {bis.)-a 

1459 (bis.) 

1459 {bis.)-c 
... cmxvi 

... 2884- b 
... 2884 



1511. 
1512. 



littorea (Steud.) 
mollis (Wall.) 



378 
cii 

266 

dcxiv 

1871 

901 

900 
dcxl 
1931 
1930 
2591 
2o7p 
2579 
2574 
2577 



1512 (bis.) viultilocularis 

(Willd.) ... 

1513. tiitida (Roxb.) ... 

1513 {bis.) nitida (Wall.) 

1514. obliqua CSpreng.)... 

1515. obliqwL (Wight.) ,.. 



2.^74 {bis.) ] 
... 2577-b 

2574 {bis.) 
... 2577 
... 2568 I 



NO. Bradlfia — cant, no. 

1516. ohtusa C<Va.\].) 2574 

1517. ovata (Wall.) 2588 

1517 {bis) phiHppinensis 

(Ham.) ... 2574 (Ws.) 
1517 {tris.) pubera (Roxb.) 2574 {bis.) 

1518. JFightiana {,\Va\\.) ...2587-6 

1519. zeyianica (Gjcrtn.) ... 2577 
clviii. Hragantia {Lour.) ... ...dcclxvi 

1521. ailiquosa (Jliq.) 2389 

1522. WaJlichii (Br.) 2389 

c-lix. Braspaia {Endl.) ... ...cdlxvii 

1523. actinophyl!a(f'. ifue«.)... 1417 

1524. capitata {Clarke.) ... 1416 
clx. Breweria {li. Br.) ... ... dclxii 

1525. cordata (Bl.) 2061 

1526. evolvuloides {Chois.) ... 2062 
1,'27. Roxburghii (Chois.) ... 2061 

clxi. Breynia {Forst.) ... dcccxyii 

1528. oilongifolia (Mnell.) ... 2594 

1629. patens (Be«ih.) 2593 

lo30. rhamnoides {Mudl.) ... 2594 
clxii. Bridelia {W'dld..) ... ... dcccxi 

1531. amceria (Knrz."* ... ... 2546 

1532. Berryana (Wall.) ... 2570 

1533. colhna (Hk. & Arn.) ... 2550 
3 534. crenulata (Roxb.) ... 2546-c 
15.S5. Hamiltoniana (/Fftii) ,,. 2549 
1535 {bis.) lancesefoUa 

(Roxb.) .5.. 2648 {bi.s.) 
1535 {tris.). lancifolia (Han^.) S548 {b%s.) 
1535 {tetr.). Loureirii (Hk. 

& Am.) ... 2548 {bis.) 
15.36. montana {Willd.) ... 2547 

1537. patula (Hk. & Am.*) ... 2552 
15.38. retusa. {Spreng.) . ... 2546 

1.539. rettesa {A. J-ass.) 2548 

1539 {bis.) rhamnoides (Griff.) 2548 {iis.) 

1540. scandens (Willd.) ... 2548 

1541. spinosa (Roxb.) ... ... 2516 

1542. stipnlaris {Bl.) 2548 

1543. stipnlaris (Hk. & Am.) ... 2553 
1543 (*is.). tomentosa (BZ.) 2548 (3»s.) 

1544. Zollingeri (Miq.) 2548 

1545. Brindonia ind.ica (Thonars.) 171 

1546. Brizopyrum mucronatum 

(Nees.) 3293 

clxiii. Bronesonetia (Fen^.) dccclxix 

1547. papyrifera ( Fent.) ... 2718 
clxiv. Brownea (.Jacg'.) ... ... cccliv 

1548. Ariza {Benth.) 979 

1549. Ar^za (Lindl. & P.) ,.. 981 

1550. coccinea {Jacq.) ... ... 980 

1551. gi'andiceps {-Tacq.) ... 981 
olxv. Brucea {Mill.) ... ... clxiv 

1652. sumatrana {Roxb.) ... 431 

1553. Brugmansia arborea (Steud.) 2100 

1554. bicolor {Fei-B.) 2102 

1555. Candida (Pers.) 2100 

1656. Knijhtii (Hort Don.) ... 2101 

1557. sanguinea (D. Don.) ... 2102 

1558. suaveolens (Burch & 

Presl.) 2103 



216 



BOI'ANICAL INDEX. 



NO. 




NO. 1 


clxri. 


Brugniera (Lam.) cecxcviii | 


1559. 


caryophylloides (Bl.) 


1137 


1560. 


cylindrica (Bed.) 


1136 


1561. 


eriopetala {W. ^ A) 


1138 


1562. 


pymnorhiza (LamTc.) 


1135 


I5C3. 


maagascariensi.'; (L).C.). 


1156 


1564. 


malabarica (Am.) 


11.38 1 


1565. 


parietosa (GrifE.) 


1136 


1566. 


parviflora (W. ^ A) 


11.39 


1567. 


liheedii {Uiq.) .. 


1135 


1568. 


Eumphii (ril.) 


1136 


clxvii. 


Brunfelsia (Plumer^Linn.). 


Hclxxiv 


1569. 


americana (Linn.) 


2108 


1570. 


australi.o (Benth.) 


2110 


157 L. 


cubensis (Hort.) ... 


2108-b 


1572. 


erecta (Hoi-t.) 


21 08-? 


1573 


Hopeana (Benth.) 


2110 


1574. 


latifolia (Rort Steud.) .. 


. 2108 


1575. 


ierwiiwoZi.s (Sai-'l.) 


. 2108 


1576 


undulata (Si';.) ... 


2109 


1577. 


unifora (D. Don.) 


. 2110 


clxviii 


Brunsfelsia (Lirm.) 


dclxxiv 


1578 Bubroma (Bubonia.) tomen 






tosa (Spreng.) 


304. 


clx'ix. 


Buchanania (Roxb.) . 


colxii 


1579. 


acuminata (Wall.) 


670 


1580. 


angustifolia (Eoa;?>.) 


668 


1581. 


intermedia (Wight) 


669 


1582. 


lanceolata 'Wight) 


670 


1583. 


latifolia (Roxh.) 


. 667 


1584. 


lucida (Bl.) 


669 


1585. 


■palembanica (Bl.) 


. 669 


1586. 


.^picata (Roxb.) ... 


■ 467 


1587. 


subobovata (Griff.) 


669 


clxx. 


Backlaridia (Br.) 


cocxciv 


1588. 


popuhfolia(Bik. f. & T.V. 


1129 


] 589. 


pojiiilnea (Br.) ... 


1129 


clxxi. 


Buddlfiia (Li7in.) 


dcxliii 


1590. 


acuminatissima (Bl.) 


1951 


1591. 


asiatica (Lour.) 


1951 


1592. 


discolor (Both.) . 


19.51 


1593. 


heterophulla (Lindl.) 


1953 


1594 


insignis (Hort. Dippel.) . . 


1952 


1595. 


Lindleyana (Fort.) 


1952 


1596. 


ruadagascariensiR (I amk. 


1953 


1597. 


Neemda (Ham.) . 


1951 


1598. 


salicifolia (Hort. Dippel.) 


1952 


1599. 


salicina (Larak.) ... 


1951 


1600. 


serrulata (Roth.) .. 


1951 


1601. 


subierrata (T). Bon.) 


1951 


1602. 


variabilis (Hems.) 


19.b4 


1603. 


virgata (Blanco.) .. 


1951 


clxxii. 


Bulboph)lluiij (Thouars.) .. 


cni/ixi 


1604. 


albidum (Hk. f.) 


2920 


IGOo. 


jimbriatum (Echb. f.) 


2924 


1606. 


fTiscopni-pureum ( Wight) 


2921 


1607. 


kaitiensp. (Rohb. f.) 


2926 


1608. 


nilghorense (Wight) 


2922 : 


1609. 


tremnluni (T^Vg/ii ) 


2923 1 


clxxiii. 


BnpleniTiia (Liww.) ■•... 


cdlviii 1 


1610. 


plantaginifolium ( Wight) 


1385 1 



NO. 




NO. 


clxxi V. 


Bnrsaria (Cav.) 


Ix 


1611. 


incana (Lind.) 


145-b 


1612. 


spinosa (C'ai'.) 


145 


clxxv, Bursera (Lnm.) 


clxxii 


1613. 


serrata (Wall.) 


445 


XIX. 


BUESEEACE^ 


XXIX 


1614. 


Bursinopetalum arboreum 






(Wight.) 


1422 


clxxvi. Butea (Eoa;5.) 


ccox 


1615. 


frcndosa (Roxb.) ... 


K28 


1616. 


frondosa (Wall.) ... 


829 


1617. 


parvijlora (Roxb.) 


827 


1618. 


sericophylla fWall.) 


827 


1619. 


saperba (Roxb.) ... 


829 


clxxvii 


. Butonica (.J-a^s.) 


fdxxii 


1620. 


alba (Mier*.) 


1274 


1621. 


inclyta (Miers.) ... 


1274 


1622. 


racemosa (Miers.)... 


1274 


1623. 


rubra (Miers.) 


1274 


cixxviii, Buxns (Linn.) 


dcccx 


1624. 


cormcea (preng.)... 


2544 


1625. 


emarginata (Ruyle.) 


2545 


1626. 


longifoha (]a.c(iuetu.) 


2545 


1627. 


saligna (D. Don.) 


2544 


1628. 


8empervireii> (Linn.) ... 


2.545 


1629. 


Wallichiana (Baill.) 


5545 


clxxix. 


Byr.sophyllum {Hk. f.) 


cdxcv 


1630. 


tetrandruiQ (flfc. /.) 


1496 



1631. Cacalia grand/iflora (Wall.)... 

1632. Klfiinia tGrBih.) 

1633 Klemia (Eh. 'Mudr.) 

1634. ftarmentosa (Lesch.) 

1635. ? volubili8 (B\.) 

clxxx. Cacao 'Gaertn.) 

1636. guianensis (Anbl.) 

1637. minor (Gaerfrn.) ... 

1638. sativa (Aubl.) 

1639. TAeobroma (Tiiss.) 

XX. CAGTACE^ 

clxxxi. Cadaba (Forsk.) ... 

1640. iiidica (Lamk.) 

1641. trifoliata (IF. ^.4.) 

1642. triphylla (Wight) 

J.643. Gadamba '}af,miniJlora (Sou- 

oei.) 
XXI. CJSSALPINE^ ... 
ulsxxii. Cffi.salpinia (linn ) 

1644. arborea (-^liq.) 

1645. armata (Grab.) 

1646. bi'iuga (Wall.) 

1647. Boi.duc (Roxb.) ... 

1648. Bondticella (FZemm^.) 

1649. coriacea (Poit.) 

1650. coriaria ( Willd.) ... 

1651. Crista (Thunb.) ... 

1652- cucullata (Jioxh.) 

1653- digyna (Rottl.) ' ... 

1654- elata (Schwartz.) 

1655- ferox (Hassk.) 



1623 

1624 

1623 

1629 

1627 

cxiii 

302 

302 

302 

302 

L71 

xlvi 

103 

102 

102 



1517 

XLIIIB 

cccxxxviii 

... 9;^7 
... 9.S2 
... 928 
... 927 
... 926 
936 
936 
... 931 
.. . 938 
... 933 
... 940 
... 931 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



217 



CaDBalpinia — co»i t. 
ferox (Ilohon.) 
ferrttffinea (Miq.) . 
Jiavicans (Grah.)... 
Gillie>>ii (Wall.) 
Glenieii (Thv.) ... 
yracilis (Miq.) 
horrida (Wall.) 
;iaponica (Sieb. & Zuoc.),.. 
lacerans (Roxh.) ... 
mimosoides {Lam.) 
mimosoides (Heyne) 

NugraUif.) 

oleospervia (Rcxb.) 
paniculate (Roxb.) 
pectinata (Cav.) ... 
pucheiriaia {St':-) 
Sappan (Linn.) ... 
scandens (Kasn.) ... 
sepiaria {Roxh.) ... 
Sirnora (Ham.) 
sumatrana (Wall.) 
Tlionixa (Sprang.) 
tinctoi-ia (Dow 6.) 
Ca%nito poviiferwin (Tuss.) 



No. 

1656. 
1657. 
1658. 
1659- 
1660. 
1661. 
1662. 
1663. 
1664. 
1665. 
1666. 
1667. 
J.668. 
1669. 
1670. 
1671. 
1672. 
1673. 
1674. 
1675. 
1676. 
1677. 
1678. 
1679. 
clxxxiii. Cajanus (D.C.) 

1680. albicans (Grah.) 

1681. bicolor (D.C.) 

1682. fiavus{D.C.) 

1683. glandulosua (Daz. & 

Gibs.) 

1684. goensis (Dalz.) 

1685. indicus (Spreng.) .. 

1686. liyieatus {(irah.) 

1687. suaveolen.^ {Gva.h.) 

1688. Wightianus (Grah.) 
clxxxiv. alacanthus (T.Anders.)... 

1689. D.ilzelliana (T. Anders.) 

1690. Calamagrostis Lagurus 

(Koel.) 

1091. Culampclis scaher (D. Don.) 
clxxxv. Calamus (Lfn«.) 

1692. accedens {^iiq.) ... 

1693. E} andisii (-Becc.) 

1694. borneensis {M.i([.)... 

1695. ciliaris [Blitme.) . 

1696 dfalbatusixioru H. Wendl.1 

1697. Draco (Willd.) 

1697 (Hs.) '.rectus (Roxb.) 3203 

1698. extensus (ilart.) 

1699. fasciculatus (Hoxb.) 
17C'0. Jissxis (Miq.) 

1701. Gamble! (Bt^cc.) 

1702. Huegelianas (Mart.) 

1703. jaTensis (Bl.) 

1704. Jpnkivsitnus (Griff.) 

1705. .Jenkinsoni (Sphalm.) ... 

1706. leptospadix (Grin.) 

1707. melanolejyis (H. Wendl.) 

1708. -1/efr!flim,9 (Schlecht.) ... 

1709. viicranthu s (Bluxne.) 

1710. monoicus (Roxb.) 

1711 . palevibanictis (Miq-.) 

1712. ? penicillatus (Boxb.) 



NO. 

94") 
937 
933 
934 
937 
933 
932 
931 
939 
932 
945 
928 
933 
928 
935 
930 
929 
928 
931 
932 
928 
936 
935 
1677 
cccxix 
850 
8546 
854 

849 
853 
854 
847 
861 
850 i 
Ixx I 
2230 

3280 

2147 

iiivii 

3219 

3210 

3206 

8216 

3131 

3219 

(bts.) 

'3207 

3207 

3218 

3214 

3213 

3206 

3207 

3207 

3204 

3213 

3205' 

3215 

3209 

3220 

3206 



Calamus — cont. 

I'aeudo-Rotang (Mart.) 
Pseudo-tcnuis (Becc.) 
Khcedei (Grijf.) .. 
riva'is (Thu>.) 
Calamus Rotanp (Linn.) 
Roxiur^ihii (Griff.) 
ruber (Reinw.) ... . 
rudentum (Mart ) 
scipionnm (Lour.) 
scipiomiTn (Lam.) 
1722 (iis.) Schisospathus 
(Griff.) 
tenuis (Thn.) 
travancoricus (Bedd.) 
viminalis (Willd.) 
Wightii (Griff.) ... 
Zalacca (Roxb.) 
clxxxvi. Calathea (G.F.W. Mey.) . 
1728. albo -lincata (lloTt.) 

leuconeura (Hurt. Nich.). 
leopardina (Rogel.) 
Lindeni (Wallis.) ... 
Lindeniana (Wallis.) 
Makoyaiia (C'. Morr.) 
medio-picta (Maioy.) 
ornata {Kan.} 
rosea-piota [E- gel.) 
Vanden Heckei (Regel.) . 
variegata (Kan.) 
Veitchianai (Veitch.) 
zebrina (Litidl.) ... 
Calceolaria (Livn.) 
anjustifolia (Sweet.) 
ferrujincu ('Jolla.) 
ferruginosa (Kuntze.) 
integiitolia (Murray.) 
mriUissima (Walp.) 
rugosa (Kuiz. & Pay.) ., 
.<ialviivfolia (Pei'.s.) 
fn jrsiflora (R. Grah.) 

1749. Caliitaya javaraica (Hort. 

How.) 

1750. Citlispermum scandens 

^Lour.) ... 

1751. Calla ovati (Ham.) 
clxxxviii. Calliandra (Benttt.) 

1752. bievipes (Henth.) 

1753. cijnometroides (Bedd.) 
1753 (lis.) haeiuats caphala 

(? H.ai. 5181; 
cag.) ... 
clxxxix. Callicarpa (Linn.) 

1754. arborea (Iioa:6.) 

1755. arborea (Miq.) 
1756 cana (Dalz and Gib.s.) 
1756 (/ts.) cana (GiUb.) ... 

1757. farinosa (Roxb.) ... 
1757}(d».<.) inciina (Roxb.) 

1758. lanata (Linn.) 
1758 (his.) macrocarpa 

(Vahl.) 
1758 (bis.) Sinensis (Gibs.) 

1759. tectoncefolia (Wall.) 



NO. 

1713. 

1714. 

1715. 

1716. 

1717 

1718. 

1719. 

1720. 

1721. 

1722 



1723. 
1724. 
1725. 
172C. 
1727. 



1729. 

1730. 

1731. 

1732. 

1733. 

1734. 

1735. 

1736. 

1737. 

1738. 

1739. 

1740. 
clxxxvi. 

1741. 

1742. 

1743. 

1744. 

1745. 
1746. 

1747. 

1748. 



NO. 

3207 

3208 

3212 

3205 

3209 

3209 

... 3219 

... 3205 

... 3215 

... 3209 

3203 (bis.) 
... 3208 
... 3211 
... 3207 
... 3213 
... 3222 

cmli. 

3016 

3013 
.. 3018 
.. 3019 
.. 3019 
.. 3020 

3021 
.. 3016 
.. 3022 
.. 3023 
.. 3015 
.. 3024 
.. 3017 
dclxxvi 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
.. 2112 
. 2113 

. 1446 

. 1661 
. 3269 
. ccclxix 
. 1051 
. 1058 



1051 (Hs.) 

dccxxiv 

... 2287 

... 2288 

2288 

2288 (bis.) 

.. 2287 

2288 (bis.) 

... 2288 

2288 (bis.) 

2288 (bis.) 

... 2287 



218 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Callicarpa — cont. no. 

1760. To7nex (Toir.) 2288 

1761. villosa (Koxb.) .. .. 2287 

1762. Wallichiana (Walp.) .. 2288 
lim. Callipteris ambigua (Moore). 3346 

1764. esculenfa (Houlst. & 

Moore.) 3340 

1765. malabarica (8m.) ... 3346 

1766. serampurense (Pel.) ... 3346 

1767. WallicUi (Sm.) ... . 3346 
clxc. Callistemon (R. JBr.) .. ... cdii 

1768. lanceolatus (D.C.) ... 12C9 

1769. leptostachvus (Sweet.) ... 1210 

1770. linearis (b.C.) 1212 

1771. lophanthuf: (Sweet.) ... 1210 

1772. marqinatus (D.C.) ... 1207 

1773. pallldus (D.C.) 1210 

1774. paludosus {F. M-aeU.) 1210 

1775. rigidus (E. Br.) 1201 

1776. saligEus (Si';eet.) 1210 

1777. seaher (Lodd.) 1209 

1778. Sieberi (D.C.) 1210 

1779. viridijiorus (Sweet.) ... 1210 
cxci. Cailitris (Endl.) .. dcccxcviii 

1780. australis (Sw.) 2815-c 

1781. coluMellaris (F-Maell).... 2814 

1782. cupressiform.is (yent.) .. 281o-b 

1783. GhmniiiRk.) 2815 

1784 incf^qualis {\).C.) . ... 2&15 

1785. macrocarpa (Bentli.) .. 2814 

1786. rhomboidea (R. 5r.) ... 2815 

1787. mhiisia (R. Br.) 2814 

1788. Whytei (Vent.) 2816 

1789. Calochlamtjscapitata CPres'i.) 2333 
cxcii. Calodend.ron (TJiunb.) csxsviii 

cxeiii. Calodendiuin (Thicnb.) cxxxviii 

1790. capense (T/iimb.) . ... 371 
cxciv. Calonyction (Chois.) .. ... dolviii 

1791. asper uvr {Gho\s.) 2017 

1792. covierense (Bojer.) .. 2017 

1793. comospprmnm (Bojer.) ... 2017 

1794. grandiflorum {VAiois.) ... 2017 

1795. longifl'orum (Hassk.) ... 2017 

1796. muricatum. (G. Don.^ ... 2016 

1797. miUicum (Dene.) .. ... 2017 

1798. Pseudomuricatum (G. Don.) 2017 

1799. Boxburghii {G.Bou.) .. 2015-b 

1800. speciosum (Chois.) ... 2015-b 
cxcv. Calophane.s (D. Don.) ... dcxcix 

1801. MttoraMs (T. Anders.) ... 2169 
cxovi. Calopbyllum (linn.) Ixs 

1802. Bintag or {Ro\h.) ... ... 181 

1803. c/itnese (Walp.) 180 

1804. decipiens (Wisht) ... 183 

1805. elatu,m.(Bedd.) 184 

1806. inophyllnm (Linn.) ... 181 

1807. longifolium iWa.]\.) ... 180 

1808. spurium iChoia.) 183 

180!>. tomentosnm ( lF?r//ii) ... 182 
1809 (bis.) trapezifolium '{Thw.) 183 (his.) 

1810. Wightianntn riFaZ?.) .., 183 

1811. Galosanthes indica (,B1.) ... 2119 



NO. NO. 

cxcvii. Calotropis (Br.) ... ... dcxxii 

3.812. gigantea (Br.) 1882 

1813. Hamiltoni (Wall.) ... 1883 

1814. heterophvlla (Wall.) ... 1883 

1815. procera (Er.) 1883 

1816 Wallichii (Wight) ... 1883 

1817. Calpicarpiwni Boxburghii 

(G. Don.) 1821 

cxcviii. Calpurnia (E. ''ey.) ... cccxvx 

1818. aurea (Baker.) 917 

1819. capensis {Stend.) ... ... 919 

cxcix. Calycopteris (l.amk.) ... cdiii 

1820. floribu n da (iamA:.) ... 1153 

1821. mttans (Knrr.) 1153.a 

1822. Oalyptranthes capitellata 

(Ham.) 1258 

1823. caryophyllata (Pers.) ... 1246 

1824. cordifolia (Moon.) ... 1251 
1825 costata (Ham.) 1256 

1826. Dawm (Ham.) 1259 

1827. granii.s CHam.) ... . .. 1256 

1828. Jambolana (Willd.) ... 1258 

1829. mangiferifolia (Hance.) ... 1256 

1830. Tatna (Ham.) 1256 

1831. Calysacciofi lonyifolmm 

(Wight) 180 

1832. Calyxphyrum ftoridv.m 

(Bunge.) ■ ... ... 1430 

1833. piucijlorum (Bunge.) ... 1430 

1834. Calufitegia Keriana (%-vfeet.) . 2056 
cc. Camellia \Linn.'\ ... ... Lsxviii 

183.5. fh.ruU (Salisb.) 193 

1836. japoiiica (Linn.) 193 

1837. mntabilis (Paxt.) .. ... 193 
"".388. planipetala (Lamk.) ... 193 
18.39. ? Scottiana (WaU.) ... 194 

1840. i/igj/era (Griff.)* 194 

1841. T.SU hahi (Crantz.) 193 

1842. Cameraria zeulanica (Retz.). 1817 

1843. zeylanicni' (Wight) ... 1847 

1844. Camirium cordifolium 

(Gsertn.).. ' 2633 

XIX. CAMPAMULACE^ ... LXV 

181-5. Camphora officinalis (Steud.) 2440 

1846. offcinarum (Nees.) ... 2440 

1847. vera (Rafin.) 2440 

1848. Cnmpsis Curtisii (^vem.) ... 2123 

1849. radical's (Seem.) 2123 

1850. Campteria biaurita (Linn.),.. 3336 
1861. Rottleriana (¥res].) 3336 

1852. ananiallayensis (V,e(l.) ... 3337 

1853. Gampylohotrys Qhieshreghtii 

(Linn.) 1511 

1854. Camuni'um chincnse (Roxb.) 461 

1855. sinensp (Rnmph.) ... 461 
cci. Canawga (Rumph.) ... ... xy 

1856. odorata (Tlk.f^- T.) ... 35 
ccii. Canauginm (Baill.) ... xv 

18-57. odoratnm (Baill.) ... 35 
cciii. Cannrium (Linn.) ... ... clxxiii 

1858. commune (Lmn.) ... ... 446 



* Q.Thea, (Link) ... 1 94 is the earliest name. 



UOTANICAL INDEX. 



219 



NO. Canarium — eont. 

1859. Sajiga (llam.) 

1860. strictum (/.'oa:?).) 
coiv.'CaiKivalia {D.C.) 

18G1. oiisiforiiiis (D.C.)... 
iy/arf?a(a (D.C.) .. 
incurva (D.C.) 
lineata (D.C.) 
Loureirii (G. Don.) 

moiZia (Wall.) 

obtusifolia (D.C.) 
rosea (U.C.) 
rutilans (D.C.) 
Stockdi (Dalz. & Gibs.) . 
turgida (Grab.) 
virosa (W. & A.) ... 
ccv. Canna (Linn.) 

1873. Achiraa {Gill.) ... 
Annaei (Hort,. P;ir.) 
atro-nigrican.<f (Hort.) 
aurantiaca (Rose.) 

Bihorelli (Uovt.) 

chint'nats (Willd.) 
discolor (Lindl.) ... 
edulis {K. Gawl.) ... 
'e.^cidenta (Lodd.) .. 
flaccida {Rose.) 
favescens (Link.) 
gigantea {Desf.) . . 
glaucfi (liinn.) 
indica {Linn.) 
iriditiora {Huiz.) ... 
latifolia (E,080.) ... 
liliiti ora ( 'Farsp.V . . 
latea {Mill.) 
magnijica (Hort.) 
'lUScefolia (Hort.) 
peruviana (Hort.) 
sanguinea (Hort.) 
speciosa (Eosc.) ... 
tricolor (Hort.) 
variegata (Hort.) ... 
Waracevviczii ( Hort. Otto 
zebrina (Hort.) ... 
ccvi. Cans] era {Ju^s.) 

1900. malabarica (Lamk.) 
martabdnica (Wall.) 
Rheedii (6rTO«iw.) 
srandens (Roxb.) 
zizyphifolia (Griff.) 

1905. Cantharospermum albicans 

(W. &A.) 
covii, Canthium {I. am.) 

1906. angu.stifolium {Roxh.) 
corymbosum (Pers.) 
didymiim {Roa-b.) 
ficiforme {Hk. /.) 
Leschenaultii (W. & A.). 
litcidum (Schlecht.) „ 
neilgherrense {WigM.) .. 
parviflornni (Lamk.) 
parvijlorum (Scbl.) 
parvifolium {Roxb.) 
pergracile {Bourd.) „ 



1862. 
18fi3. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 
1868. 
1869 
1870. 
1871. 
1872. 



1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877. 
1878. 
1879. 
1880/. 

1881 ;* 

1882. 
1883. 
188*. 
1885. 
1886. 
1887. 
1888. 
1889. 
1890. 
1891. 
1892. 
1893. 
1894. 
1895. 
1896. 
1897. 
1898. 
1899. 



1901. 
1902. 
1903. 
1904. 



1907. 
1908. 
190'j. 
1910. 
1»11 
1912. 
1913. 
1914. 
1915. 
1916. 



NO. 


NO. 


651 


1917. 


447 


1918. 


. . cocxi 


1919. 


. 830 


1.-20. 


. 830 


1921. 


830 


'•"cviii. 


. 831 


1922. 


830 


1923. 


. 830-c 


1924. 


. 831 
. 831 


XX. 


. 831 


ccix. 


.. 830-6 


1925. 


.. 830-6 


1926. 


.. 830- « 


1927. 


,. cmliii 


1928. 


. 3028 


1929. 


'..3026-/ 


1930. 


3026-6 


1931. 


. 3027-6 


1932. 


. 3026-c 


1933. 


.. 3026 


1934. 


.. 3035 


1935. 


.. 3034 


1936. 


.. 3084 


1937. 


. . 3031 


1938. 


. 3026-6 


1939. 


.. 3029 


1940. 


3026-c 


1941. 


3026 


1942. 


.. 3030 


1943. 


.. 3029 


1944. 


.. 3032 


1945. 


.. 3027. 


1916. 


..3026-d 


1947. 


.. 3032 


1948. 


.. 3030 


1949. 


.. 3027 -c 


1950. 


. .S026-d 


1951. 


...3028-6 


1952. 


.3028-6 


1953. 


) 3033 


1954. 


3027-c 


1955. 


coi 


1956. 


494 


1957, 


.. 494 


1958, 


494 


1959. 


494 


1960. 


404 


1961 




1962. 


.. 850 


1963. 


div 


1964. 


.. 1526 


1965. 


.. 1491 


1966. 


.. 1519 


1967. 


. 1522 


1968. 


. 1526 


1969. 


.. 1520 


1970. 


.. 1521 


197!. 


.. 1528 


1972. 


.. 1499 


1973. 


.. 1527 , 


1974. 


.. 1523 ' 


1975. 



Canthinm — con', no. 

llheodii (D.C.) 1526 

.^candens {HI) 1527 

thyrsoideum (Roem.) ... 1463 

ti-avancoricutn {Bedd.) ... 1524 

nmbelkitum {Wight) ... 1520 

Cantua {.Juss.) ... ...doxlvii 

buxii'olia {Lamk.)... ... 1966 

dependena (Per.s.) ... 1966 

tomentosum (Cav.) ... 1966 

CAPPARIDACEtE ... VII 

Capparia (im«.) . ... xlyii 

acuminata ( IViiW.) ... 120 

acuminata (Roxb.) ... 106 

acuminata (Willd.) ... 119 

acuminata (Wall.) ... 121 

apetala (Roth ) ... ... 99 

aphylla {Roth.) 109 

bispprma (Roxb.) ... 113 

bi.^perma (Wight) ... 112 

brevispina (D.C.)... ... 106 

aerulea (Heyne) ... ... 110 

corymbosa (Roxb.) ... 112 

divaricata {Lamk.) ... 108 

divaricata {Wall.) ... 110 

diversifolia(Tr. ^.4.) ... 110 

erythrodasys (Miq.) ... 119 

f\nrih\iuda {Wight) ... 118 

formosa (Dalz.) ... ... 107 

formosa (Wall.) ... ... 119 

grandiflora {Wall.) ... 105 

graudis {Linn.) ... ... 113 

neterocltta (Roxb.) ... 100-a 

Heynetina {Wall.) ... 107 

horvida {Linn, f) ... 119 

incanescens (D.C.) ... 117-6 

linifolia (Roxb.) ... 99 

lungispiua (Hfe. ^ T.) ... ,115 

malabarica (Wall.) ... 118 

iiiaxitnus { Koth.) ... ... 1 1.> 

^\ oomi {Wight) Ill 

Murrayana (Grab.) ... 104 

ohorata (Ham.) ... ... 113 

obovata (Royle.) ... ... 104 

olaoifolia {Ek. f. ^ T.) ... 121 

oxvphylla {Wall.) 122-6 

parviHora (Hfc./. ^^ T.) .. 116 

pedunculosa ( PFaiJ.) ... 114 

pi/rifolia (W. & A.) ... 105 

quadrifiora (D.C.) ... 119 

racemifera (D.C.) ... 118 

reticulata (Klein) ... 110 

Rheedii (Roxb.) 106 

rotundifolia (Roxb.) ... 106 

Roxburghii (D.C.) ... 112 

sepiaria (jLmn.) ... ... 117 

sepiaria (Wall.) ... ... 114 

Sodada{\\v.) 109 

spinoBa \Larrik.) ... ... 104 

stylosa (D.C.) 108 

tenera {Dalz.) 122 

tenuijlora (D.C.) ... 119 

tetrasperma (Thw.) .., 122-a 



220 



BOTANICAL IKDEX. 



j-'o. Capparis— eo'i*. no. 

1976. trifoliata (Roxb.) ... 101 

1977. Mwcmato (Wall.) ... .. 122-a 

1978. Wallichiana (W. & A.) ... 106 

1979. zeylanica (Lmn.) 106 

1980. zeylanica (Roxh.) ... 119 

1981. zeylanica (W. & A.) ... 120 
XXI. CAPRI KOLlACBiE ... LXI 

1982. Caprifolium japonicum 

(Watts, ex Steud.) ... 1343 

1983. flexuosnm (Hort. Steud.) 1433 

1984. roseum (Lamk.) ... .. 1433 

1985. sempervirens (McEiicli.) ... 1430 
cox. Capsicum {Linn.) dclxviii 

1986. {quint) grossum {Willd.) 2094i-{trie.) 
1986, {sext) minimum {Roxh.) 2094 {bis.) 
1986. {sept) nepanlense (Liun.) 2094-c 
1986. {quat) frutesceas {Linn.) ... 2994 

1986. awwMM-m (Linu.) 2094-b 

1986 {his.) haccatwm (Wall.) 2094-(bis.) 
1986 {tris) jasUgiatum (Bl.) 2094 {bis.)-b 

1987. Caquepiria Bergkia (Gmel.) 1508 
ccsi. Carallia (RoKb.) cccxcix 

1988. ceijlanica (Avn.) .. ... 1140 

1989. corymhosa (Arn,) 1140 

1990. inte^errima (D.G.) ... 1140 
199). Iwcida {KvLVZ.) 1140 

1992. octopetala{V. MneW.) ... 1140 

1993. sinensis (Arn.) 1140 

1994. symmetria (Bl.) ... ... 1140 

1995. timorensis {B\.) 1140 

ccxii. Carapa (^ttbi.) clxxxix 

1996. guianensis {Auhl.) ... 475 

1997. indica (Juss.) 

1998. moliKcensis {Lamk.) 

1999. obovatia {Bl.) 

2000. Cardamomum officinale 

(Salisb.), 3004 

ccxiii. Oardiospermiim {Lmn.) ccxxxviii 



476 
476 
476 



624 

.. 623 

623 

... 624 

G24 

. . cdxxiii 

,„ 1276 

... cdxlyi 

candamavoensis {Hk. f.)... 1345 

candinamarcensis (J.Lind.) 1345 

Papaya (r?«n,.) 1344 

hermaphrodita {Blanco.) 1344 



2001. canesoens {Wall.) 

2002, Halicacabum {Linn.) 
20U3, micrdcarpum (H.B.K.) 

2004. .-^ om^wm (Wall.) ... 

2005. pithescens (Griff.) 
ccxiv. Careya {Roxb.) 
2000. arborea (Boa;b.) .. 
ccxv. Carica {Linn ) 
2007. 
2008, 
2009. 
2010. 
ccxvi. 
2011. 
2012. 
2018. 
2014. 
2015. 
2016. 
2017. 
2018. 
2019. 
2020. 
2021. 
2022. 



CmxiB^a {Linn.) . dixxx 

Arduina (/ amfc )... .. 1805 

bt'sjjwnsa (Desf. ) . .•• 1806 

Carauda s (£mn.) 1S05 

congesta (Wii?ht) 1806-6 

DaJsei^i (Bed'l.) 1809 

diffma{yyo^h.) 1807 

dij/usa (Wall.) 1808 

?iM-,s>(,ta (Roth.) 1807 

inermis (Vahl.j ... ... 1809 

lancolata (Dalz.) 1809 

macrophylk ( Wall. ) ... 1809 

niitis (Heyne) ... .. 1809 



NO. Carissa — cont. NO, 

2023. paucinervia (.i.Dc.) ... 1808 

2024. spinarum {A.Bc.) ... 1807-6 

2025. suavissima {Bedd.) .%. 1810 

2026. villosa (Roxb.) 1807 

ccxvii. Carludovica {Ruiz, ^ Pav.) mxx 

2027. palmata {Ruiz 8f Pav.) 3240 

2028. Oarmona heterophylla (Cav.) 1983 

2029. Caroxylonindicum {Wight) 2:-;82 

2030. recurvum (Moq.) 2382 

ocxviii. Carpiuus {Tourn.) ... ...dcccxc 

2031. Betulus {Linn.) 2787 

2032. Carpopogon anguineum 

^Roxb.) 813 

2033. att-opurpureum (Roxb.) ... 814 

2034. giganteum (^Royle.) ... 815 

2035. tnonospermum (Roxb.) ... 813 
2036 pruriens {RoTLh.) 816 

2037. Carumbium insigne (Kurz.) 2704 

2038. sebiferum {Kuvz.) ... 2702 

2039. Caryophyllus aromaticus 

(Linn.) 1271 

2040. Pimenta {mi\.) 1208 

2041. racemosus {Mill.) 1207 

ccxix. Caryopteris(J3un3e.)... dccxxxiv 

2042. Wallichiana {Schau.) ... 2329 
ccxx. Caryota {Lmn.) ... ... cmxci 

2043. Gumingii {Lodd.) 3155 

2044. Cunninghami CSphalm.)... 3155 

2045. furfuracea {Bl.) 3154 

2046. Griffithii {Becc.) 3154 

•J:047. mitis {Lowe.) 3154 

2048. nana {Wall.) 3154 

2049. obtu.sa (ffW^.) 3153 

2050. oht%i,sidentata (Griff.) ... 3153 
a051. obtusifolia {^phalm.) ... 31.53 
20.*>2. .'' ochland.ra (Hance) ... 3153-6 

2053. propinqua (Bl.) 3154 

2054. sobolifera (Wall.) 3154 

2055. nrens {Linn.) ... . 3152 

2056. U'Tens (Jacq.) ... ... 3154 

ccxxi. Casearia {Jacq.) ... ... cdxliii 

2057. Anavinga {Dalz .&■ GihB.) 1336 

2058. Canziala (Ham.) ... .,, 1336 

2059. Championii (Thw.) ... 1334 

2060. Dallachii {¥. Muell.) ... 1336 

2061. elliptica (Willd.) 1336 

2062. esculeuta {Roxb.) 1334 

2063. glabra (Hort Calo.) ... 1336 

2064. graveoleus {Dalz.) ... 1333 

2065. Hamiltoni (Wall.) ... 1333 

2066. Isevigata (Dalz.) ... 1334 
2367. inacrogyna {Tuvcz.) ... 1333 

2068. ovata (Roxb.) 1336 

20'^9. rubescens {Dalz.) , ... 1335 

2070. tomenlosa {Roxb.) ... 1336 

2071. varians {Thw.) 1334 

2072. wynadensis {Bedd.) ... 1337 

2073. zeiilanica {Thw.) 1334 

ccxxii. Cassia {Linn.) ... oocxlvii 

2074. acutifolia {Delile) .. 955 

2075. alata {Linn.) 957 

2076. ammna (Ham.) 966 

2077. angustifolia (FaTif.) ... 956 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



221 



NO. CaHsia — cont. no. 

2078. anyustis^ima (L&m.) ... SOB-c 

2079. arborL'Scrns (Vulil.) ... 9«1 

2080. awnco-ma (Srah.) DCG 

208i. aariculata (Linn.) ... P.54' 

2082. bicapsulaiis {Linn.) ... 952 

2083. bracUata (Linn, f.) ... 957 

2084. Burvianni (Wi^ht) , 063 

2085. cliinensis {>JiiC({) ... ... 950 

2086. coromandeliana (Jaoq.) ... 95(» 

2087. dimidiata (KltMii.) ... 905 

2088. dimidiata (Roxb.) ... 9GG-0 

2089. escHlenta (Moxb.) 950 

2090. fastigiata.{Vnh\.) 961 

2091. Fistula (linn.) ... iMn 

2092. forida (Yahl.) 958 

2093. Jl,rtida rPeva.) ... 94l9 

2094. fwtida {Sa.hsh.) r>48 

2095. fruteseens CSliW.) • 950 

2096. galUnarria{Co\]»A.) ... 948 

2097. glauca (Lam) 961 

2098. herpetica {.la.cq.) ... ... 657 

2099. hirsBta (/♦»*».) ... 961 

2100. humilis (Collad.) 948 

2101. Kleinii (IT. c^-dL.) ... 965 

2102. la;vigata(TFi7W.) ... 962 

2103. lancelata (Wall.) ... 956 

2104. LeschenauHii (Wall.) ... 966-6 

2105. lenitiva (Bisch.) 956 

2106. lon'Jisiliqua (Blanco) ... ^51 

2107. maiginata {Roxb.) ... 947 

2108. vnedica (Forak.) 956 

2109. mimosoides {Linn.) ... 966 

2110. montana {Eeyne) ... 959 

2111. mvriophylla {W:i\\.) ... 966-« 

2112. ohoy&ta {Collad.) 963 

2113. ofcfvaa(Eoxb.) 963 

2114. obtusifolia (Linn.) ... 948 

2115. occidentalis{,iini*.) ... 949 

2116. orieniaUs {Vers.) ... ... 955 

2117. palmata (V>^all.) .,. ... 960 

2118. prostata {Uoxh) 964 

2119. pubirjena (Lag.) 951 

2120. puraila {Lcm.) 964 

2121. purpurea {'Ro'&h) ... 950-6 

2122. rhombifolia (Koxb.) ... 946 

2123. Roxhurqhiana (Giah.) ... 966 

2124. . Roxburghii{D.C.) 947 

2125. Senna {Linu.) ... 955, :'63 

2126. gensitiva (Eoxb.) ... 966 

2127. getiffera (D.C.) 959 

2128. siamea {Lam.) ... ... 958 

2129. Sophera (Linn.) 950 

2130. Sophera (WaU.) 949 

2131. sulcata (Blame) 951 

2132. »umatrana (Koxb.) ... 958 

2133. surattensi.% (Burm.) ... ^61 

2134. Telfair tana {WM.) ... 966-b 

2135. teneila {'Roxh.) 966 

2136. timoriensii. (D.C.) ... 960- 

2137. tomentosa (Linn.) ... 95S 

2138. tomentosa (Wall.) 951 

2139. Tora {Linn.) 948 

2140. toroidas {li,ox.h.) 948 



NO. CaBsia — cont. 
2141. vp.nenifcra (RadFCh.) 
Wallichiana (D.<J.) 
Wvjhtiana (Grah.) 
C:.6sytli:i {Linn.) ... 
amerxcana (Meissn.) 
liliforniiH {Linn.) 
guineensia (ileissn.) 
Castanea {Toum.)... 
chinensin (Hpri-r^.) 
microcarpa (Liricil.) 
sativa (3f!W.) 
striata (Sieh. & Zuc.) 
tribuloides {Wall.) 
vesea (Gsor.) 
vulgarie (Lanib.)... 
2154. Castanocarpus australia 

(Sweet.) ... 
Castanopsis {Spach.). 
armata (D. Don.)... 
vribuloides {A.JDc.) 
Castanospermum 

Cunn.) . . 
australe {A. Cv.iin.) 
Castilloa {'.'arv.) ... 
©laetica {Carv:) ... 
ccsxviii. Casuaiina {Furst.). 
2150. distyla (f',««.) 

eqnisetifolin {Forst.) 
eptoclada (Miq.) 
muricata (iioxb.) ,. 
paludo3a{SWh.) ... 
quadrivavis (Labill.) 
stricta {Cait.) 
snboroBa {Oft<:. ^ Dii 
2166 {iis.) toralosa (Ait) ... 
XXII CA>UARIN^CE^ 
2167. Catakidozam-ia H'.^pei 

Hill.) 

Maeleay* (Hort. Miq.) 
Catalpa {Stop.) 
speciosa (Warde) 
2270. Catappa Bensoin (Gaertn.) 

2171. domestica {Rnm]>h.) 

2172. Utorea {Rnanph.) . 
2^73. syZi;esiris (Eumph.) 

74. Catas parvijiora (Juse.) 
Catesbaea {Linn.) ... 
lonnijiora (Sw.) ... 
spines a {Linn.) ... 
Catha emarginaia (G. Don.) 
Heyneana (Walp.) 
montana {(i . Von.) 
ot'aia.(Walp.) 
Rothiana (Walp.) 
rufa (G. Don.) ... 
T^^oHjcAh (G. Don.) 
teylanica (G. Den.) 
2285. Cethartocarpus Fistula 

(Pers.) ... 94G 

2186. Cantonia eiliptica (Vahl.) .. 1989-6 

2187. Caturas spicijlorus (Rosb.) 2554 

2188. Caul-itr«tuscordifolia{'Ri(iU.) 1002 



2142. 

2143. 
ccjf.xiii 

2144. 

2145. 

2146. 
ccxxiv 

2147. 

2148. 

2149. 

2150. 

2151. 

2152. 

•.'153. 



CCXXT. 

2155. 

2156. 

coxxvi. 

2157. 
ccxxvii 

2158. 



2160. 
2161. 
2162. 
2163. 
2164. 
2165. 
216G. 



2168. 

ccxxix 

2169. 



.175. 
2176. 
2177. 
2178. 
2179. 
2180. 
:il81. 
2182. 
2183. 
2184. 



NO. 

951 
... 966-6 

953 

dccl.xxxiv 

2472 

... 2472 

. . 2472 

dcccxcii 

... 2794 

... 2795 

... 2794 

... 2794 

... 2795 

... 2794 

... 2794 



925 

dcccxciii 

... 2795 

. 2795 

{A. 

cccxxxvii 

925 

dccclxxv 

... 2760 

dcccxxxvi 

2782 

... 2780 

... 2783 

... 2780 

... 2782 

... 2718 

2781 

2783 



2783 {bis.) 
. CVII 
(T. 

... 2882 

... 2882 

dcxcir 

... 2154 

1143 

1144 

1144 

1144 

24«8 

cdxcix 

1513 

1513 

.540 

536 

541 

534. 

535 

537 

532 

572 



222 



BOTANICAt- INDEX. 



NO. ^'o- 
2189. Cavallium urens (Schott. 

&Endl.) 267 

ccxxxi. Ceanothus (Linn.) ccxxix 

2196. asiaticu.9 (Lanik.) ... 575 

2191. cap.vularis {Forsi.) ... 575 

2192. circMTOScissa (GBertn.) .. 572 

2193. paniculatus (Roth.) ... 532 

2194. WightianaiW aAl.) ... 570 

2195. zeylanica (Heyne.) •.. 572 
ccxxxii. Cedrela {Linn.) cxciii 

2196. microcarpa (C. Dc.) ... 483 

2197. ? odorata (Hort. Kew.) ... 481 

2198. odorata (Linn.) 4f^4 

2189. Toona (Eoacb.) 482 

2200. ?velutina (DC.) 481 

2201. .f'm/ZoscvEosb.) 481 

ccxxxiii. Cedriis (ioMcZ,) cmix 

2202. artjentea (Hort. Carr.) .. 2862 

2203. atlantica (Mcench.) ... 2862 

2204. Deodara (Loud.) 2862 

220.5. elegans {knight.) ... 2862 

2206. indica (Ch&inha.) .,.. 2862 

2207. Libani (-Barre.) 2862 

2208. ^atula (C. Koch.). ... 2862 

2209. Ceiha pentandra (G^vtM.) ... 261 
XXIII. CELASTRAOE^ ...XX^Y 
ccxxxiv. Celastms (Xmn.) ... .. ccxviii 

2210. acuminata (Wall,) 486 

2211. aZwi/oZia (D. Don.) ... 532 

2212. burrt/oZia (Eoxb.) ... 539 

2213. crenata (Roth.) 541 

2214. dependens (AVall.) .. 532 
2216. emarainata {\Y . & A.) ... 540 

2216. glauc'a (Vahl.) 544 

2217. Eeyneana (Roth.) ... 536 

2218. Metziana (inrcz.) .. 532 

2219. montana (W & A.) ... 541 

2220. multijlora (Roxb.) ... 532 

2221. nutans (Roxb.) 532 

2222. opposita (Wall.) 531 

2223. pallida (Wall.) 541 

2224. panicalata(lF)2i(i.) ... 532 

2225. rigida (Wall.) 539 

2226. Rothiana (R. & S.) ... 532 

2227. ru/a (Brand. P. H.) ... 537 

2228. .'' isenegalen.'iis (Lamk.) ... 541 

2229. serrulata (Roth.)... 535, 536 

2230. spincsa (Royle.) ... 538 

2231. Walhchiana {&pi-eng.) ... 536 

2232. Wallichiana (V\^all.) ... 535 

2233. Wallichiana (W. & A.) ... 539 

2234. ? Wightiana(W all.) 531 

2235. zeylanica (Roih.) 572 

2236. Celosia haccata (Retz.) ... 2371 

2237. lanata (Linn.) 2374 

ccxxxv. Celtis {Linn.) ... dccclxiii 

2237 {bis.) cinnamomeadini/.) 2711 {his.) 

2238. elongata (Wall.) 2776 

2239. ^iabra (Planch.) ... 2711 

2240. orientalis (Linn.) ... 2713 

2241. reticulata {Bk. f. & T.) . 2714 

2242. Eoajburghrt (Planch.) ... 2711 

2243. serotina (Planch.) ... 2711 



NO. Celtis — cont. no. 

2244. tetrand.a {B.oxh.) 2711 

tetrandra (WiJl ) ... 2776 

trindra (Splialm.) ... 2711 

trinervia (Roxb.) ... 2711 

Wightii {Planch.) ... 2712 

coxxxvi. Centrosema (Bf^«t.4.) . cccxvi 

2249. grandiflora {Benth.) ... 840 
Plumieri {Benth.) ... 841 

Cephalanthus chinensis 

(Lamk.) ... .. 1442 

pilulifer {hamk.) . . . ... 1440 

C ephalocroton indicus 

(Bedd.) 2671 

ccxxxvii. Cephalostachyum 

{Munro.) ... ... mxlviii 

pergracile (Munro.) ... 3371 
Cerasus Laurocerasus (Nic.) 1070 

Phoshia (Ham.) 1068 

Puddum (Wall.) 1068 

tomentosa (Wall.) ... 1067 

vulgaris {'Nic.) ... ...1066-6 

ccxxxviii. Ceratia (Adams.) ... cccliii 

2210. Ceratogynum rhamnoides 



2245, 

2246. 
2247. 
2248. 



2250. 
2251. 



2252. 
2253. 



2254. 
2255. 

2256. 
2257. 

2258. 
2259. 





(Wight.) 


. 2596 


ccxxxix. Ceratouia. {linn.) 


. cccliji 


2261. 


coriacea (Salisb.)... 


978 


2262. 


mer-mts (Stokes.)... 


. 978 


2263. 


SiUqua {Linn.) ... 


. 978 


ccxl. 


Cerbera (Lt>m.) 


dlxxxiii 


2264. 


dichotoma (Lodd.) 


1834 


2265. 


fruticosa (Ker.) ... 


. 1826 


2266. 


lactaria (Ham.) ... 


. 1818 


2267. 


laurifolia (Lodd.) 


. 1818 


2268. 


Mang has {hm-D.) ... 


. 1834 


2269. 


Manghii (Linn.) ... 


. 9818 


2270. 


neriifolia (Red.) ... 


. 1820 


2271. 


Of}oUa,in {Gartn.) 


. 1818 


2272. 


parvijiora (Wall.) 


. 381y 


2273. 


salutaris (Lour.) ... 


. 1819 


ccxli. 


Cereus (Mill.) 


cdlii 


2274. 


grandifloras {Mill.) 


. 1870 


2275. 


hexagonus {Mill.) 


. 1371 


2277. 


triangularis {Mill.) 


. 1372 


ccxlii. 


Ceriops(^rw.) 


ccoxovi 


2278. 


CandoUeana (Am.) 


. 1132 


2279, 


Hoxbui'ghiana {Am.) 


. 1133 


2280. 


Ceriscus malabaricu 


s 




(Gsertn) 


. 1498 


2281. 


C erocarpus agMew-f^Hassk.) .. 


. 1230 


ccxliii. 


Ceropegia {Linn.) 


dcxli 


2282. 


acuminata {Hoxb-)... 


. 1939 


2283. 


acvniinata {\ 'a\i. & Gibs.) 


1963 


2284. 


albiflora (Sit./.) ... 


1948 


2285. 


Beddomei {Eh /.) 


. 1949 


2286. 


brevicollis {Hk. /.) 


. 1945 


2287. 


hrevitub^ilata (Bt^dd.) 


. 1931 


2288. 


bulbosa {Roxb.) . 


. 1932 


2289. 


Candelabrum (Linn.) 


. 1937 


2290. 


Candelabrum (Roxb.) 


. 1936 


2291. 


Candelabrum (Thw.) 


1940 


2292. 


ciliata {Wight) 


1943 


2293. 


Decaisneana {Wight) 


1944 


2294. 


Decaisncana (Miq.) 


. 1913 



HOTANICAL INDEX. 



223 



NO. 


Ceroi)egia— lont. 


.\o. 


NO. 


22i»5. 


i'.\eg%uH (Wall.) ... 


1934 


23!8. 


2296. 


Klliottii {Ilk.f.) 


1938 


2349 


2U97. 


rimifolia {Bcdd.) . 


1947 


2350. 


22t>8. 


hirsuta {W. cV" A.) 


1942 




2299. 


hirsuta (Wight) . 


19-12 


235). 


2300. 


intermedia (Wiyht) 


194U 


ccxlix. 


23UI. 


:'Jac(iuemointiana (Dctic.)19 12-d 


2352. 


2302. 


juncea {lioxb.) 


1933 


2353. 


230:i. 


mucronata (Roxb.) 


193(; 


1:354. 


2304. 


myBorensis ( H'rg/it) 


1935 


2355 


2305. 


ophiocephala (Dalz.) 


1942-c 


2350. 


230(i. 


?sphenanantha (W. & A.) 


1934 




2307. 


sphetiantha (Dene.) 


1934 


2357. 


2308. 


Stocksii {Ilk.f.) 


1946 




2209. 


Miwaitesii (ifooA.) 


1941 


2358. 


2310. 


ti'bero.'ja. {Roxb.)... 


193(; 


2359. 


2311. 


vincsefolia (liouk.) 


1942.b 


2360. 


ocxliv. 


Cenixylon (Hbt. & Bpl.) cmlxxvii 


2361. 


2812. 


andicolum [ilht. ^' Bpl.) 


3146 


2363. 


C2313. 


alpinum (Steud.) 


3146 


236(). 


cxIt. 


Cestrum {I inn.) dclxxiii 


2367. 


2314. 


auraiitiacnm {Lindl.) ... 


2107 


2368. 


2315. 


elegans iSchlecht.'' 


2105 


2369. 


2316. 


fasciculat.um (Miers.) .. 


2106 


eel. 


2316. 


{bis) Parqui {Schlecht) ... 


2107 


XXV. 






(bis.) 


2369 


00x1 vi. 


Cbailletia {D.C.) 


excv 




2317. 


gf elonioides ( Hk. f) 


486 


2369. 


2318. 


aumatrana (Miq.) 


486 


2370. 


XXIV. 


CHAILLETIACE^ 


XXXI 




2319. 


Chalcas intermedia (Roem.) 


392 


2370. 


2320. 


paniculata (Linn.) 


392-b 


ccli. 


2321. 


paniculata {Tvcem .) 


392 




2322. 


aumatrana (Rottp.) 


392-b 


2.371. 


ccxlvii 


Chamsebuxus ^Tonru.) 


Ixiv 


2372. 


2323. 


arillata (Hassk.) 


160 


2373. 


2324. 


paniculata { Hassk.) 


160 


2374. 


2325. 


viryata (Hassk.)... 


159 


2375. 


23E6. 


Chamssctparis breviramea 




2376. 




(Maxim.) 


2813 




2327. 


decussata (Hort. Carr.) . 


28i7 


oclii. 


2328. 


gZauca (Hort. Carr.) 


2817 


2377. 


2329. 


Lau-somana (Pari.) 


2812 


2378. 


2330. 


obtusa (.Sieb. & Zac.) ... 


2813 




2331. 


ppndula (Maxim.) 


2813 


ccliii. 


2332. 


Chamsecytisus dalmaticus 




2379. 




(Vis.) 


697 


2380. 


2333. 


Chamsepeuce obtusa (Zacc.) 


2813 


2381. 


ccxlviii. Chamwrops (Linn.) 


miv 


2382 


2334. 


acaulis (Micbx.) .. 


3182 


2383. 


2335. 


arborescens {Stead.) 


8199 




2336. 


Biroo (Sieb.) 


3191 


2384. 


2337. 


conduplicata (Kickx.) ... 


3199 


2385. 


2338, 


excelsa (Thnnb) 3202 


, 3203 


2386. 


2.339. 


Fortimei (Hook,)... 320 


>, 3203 


2387. 


2340. 


glabra {mil.) 


3182 


•2388. 


2341. 


grracilis {Lodd.) 


3200 


2389. 


2342. 


Griffithii (Lodd.) 


3202 


2390. 


2343. 


humilis {Linn.) 


3199' 


2391. 


2344. 


khasyanu (Griff.) 


3202 




2345. 


Kwanu'ortsik (Sieb.) 


3201 


2392. 


2346. 


macrocarpa (Tin.) 


3199 


2398. 


2347. 


Martiana (Wall.) 


3202 





Clinmmrops— cent. no 

nepal ensi.'i (L(j'i(].) ... 3202 

llichardiana (spliahn.) ... :iI77 

latchteana (Griff.) ... ;jl77 
Champi^reiu - 

ferrottetmna (Baill.) ... 2528 

CliaBalia (C'omr/i.)... dxiv 

curvillora {Thw.) 1575 

lurida (Mi(|.) ... ... 1575 

Samjiana (iliq.) .. ... 1575 

tetrandra {Uui.) ... 1575 
, Chasmone aryenteum (H 

Mey.) ... ... 697 

, Chavannes^a esculenta (A. 

Dc.) 1850 

Chavica Amottmna (Miq.) 2407 

£e<ifi (Miq.) 2409 

chuvya (^liq.) ... .. 2406 

Guiyual (Miq.) 2408 

Mullesua (Miq.) 2408 

Roxburghii (Miq.) ... 2404 

sarmentosa (Miq.) ... 2404 

Siriboa (Miq.) 2409 

sphserostachya (Miq.) .. 2408 

Cheilccocca (Salisc) < cxcvii 
CHENOI'ODIACE^ LXXXIX 
(6i5.'^ Ohenopodina indicu 

(VVt.) ... 2^6] (bis.) 

{tris.) Maritima (Moq.) 2381 ibis.) 
Cht-nopodium-Maritimum 

(Linn.) 2.381 (6is.) 

{bis) prostratum {^oxh.) ... 2381 

Chickrassm (Si)halm W. P.) 

Hiern in F.B.I. cxcii 

Nimmonii (Grab.) ... 481 

tabular i s {iuss.)... . 481 

trilocularis {B.oeta..) ... 481 

f eiwicne (Roem.) ... ... 481 

Chilmoria dodecandra (Haiu.) 141 
, Chilocalyx elltpticus 

(Tnrcz.) 507 

Cbilocarpus (BZ ) dlxxviii 

atroviridis {Bl.) ... ... 1801 

Chiloschista usneoides 

(Wight.) 2954 

. Chiococca (R. J5r.).., ... dvi. 

^tforidana, (Rafin.) ... 1530 

latijolia (Rafin.)... . 1530 

parvifolia {yVxili&ch].) ... 1530 

racemosa {Linn.) ... 1530 
Chionanthus courtallensis 

(Bedd.) ... ... 1784-6 

intermedia {liedd.) 1785 

leprocarpa (Bedd.) 1784 

malabarica (Bedd.) 1781 

? .^tnilacifolia (Wsill.) ... 1797 

zeylanica {Linn.) 1783 

Chionotrm mcnvgyna (Walp.) 389 

? rigida {Jack.) ?89 

, Chirocalyx moliissimus 

(Meissn.) ... ... 821 

tomentosus (Hook.) ... 821 
, Chlamydia tenacissima 

(Gagrt.) 3116 



224 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. NO. 

XXVI. OHLORANTHACE^ ... XCIV 

ccHv. Chloranthus (.S'lu.) dcclxia 

2394. brachystachyns (Bf.) ... 2419 

2.395. ceulanicus (iliq.) ... 21].3 

2396. denticulatus (Cord.) ... 2-419 

2397. ynonancler (Br.) 2-419 

cclv. Chlorophora (Oaud.) dccclvxi 

2398. tinctoria (Gaud.) ... 272 
cclvi. Chloroxylon (D.C.) ... ..- oxciv 

2399. Diipada (Buch.) 439 

2400. Swietenia (CO.) ... 485 

2401. ChondrospermuTn coriaeeum 

(Wall.) 1797 

2402. smilaeifoUwm (Wall.) .. 1797 
cclvii. Chonemorpha (Gf. Don.) dcv 

2403. .'' antidysenterica (G. 

Don.) ... 1833 

2404. .^ crigtata (G. Don.) ... 1859 

2405. dichotoma (G. Don.) ... 1860 

2406. ?grandi/lora {G. Bon.) ... 1858 

2407. macrophjlU (G. D,m.) ... 1858 

2408. mollis (Miq.) ... 1858 
cclviii. Choripetalum (A.Dc.) dxlix 

2409. aurantiacum (A.Dc.) ... 1664 
2410 vtridijiorum (A.Dc.) ... 1664 

2411. Chorizandra pirmata 

(Wighfr) , . 2571 

cclix. Chorizema (Labill.) cccsxxt 

2412. angnstifolmin (Be«<?i.) .. 922 

2413. cordifoUum (F. Mnell.) .. 924 

2414. denticulatnm (Tarcz.) ... 922 

2415. diversifolium (.4. D«.) .. 923 

2416. rhomboidewm (Lodd.) ... 923 

2417. tpectahile (Lindl.) ... 923 
cclx. Chrysalidocarpus {Wend.) cmlxxii 

2418. InteBcens {Wendl.) ... ? 
eclxi. ChryBanthemtim {Linn.) dxxvi 

2419. /ofidtMn (3ali*b.) 1618 

2420. irntescena {Linn.) ... 1618 

2421. fruttcostwn (Bach.) ... 1618 
•clxii. Clirysobalanus (Linn.) ccclxxiv 

2422. Icaco (Liwn.) 1062 

2423. lutene (Sabine.) 1062 

2424. orbicularis (Schnm.) .. 1063 

2425. pollocarpus (Meyer.) ... 1062 

2426. purpureas (Mill.) 1062 
coJxiii. Chrysophyllum {Linn.) .. dliv 

2427. acwrni'n.atwm (Roxb.) ... 1678 

2428. Bo«3>Zandu (klotzsch.) ... 1677 

2429. cxruleum (Jacq.) ... 1677 
24.30. Cainito (linn.) 1677 

2431. ^amaicense {J a.cq) 1677 

2432. maliforme(lj\a.n,) ... 1677 

2433. monopyrewm. (Spreng.) ... 1677 

2434. oliviforme (Linn.) ... 1677 
2iS5. Koxbarghii (G. Don.) ... 1678 

2436. sericev.8 (Salisb.) .. ... 1677 

2437. sumatranuni (Miq.) ... 1678 
clsiv. Chukrassia (A. Juss.) ... excii 

2438. tabularis (A. Juss.) ... 481 

2439. Cicca anomala (Baill.) .. 2570 

2440. decandra (Blanco) ... 2557 

2441. diit%9ha (Linn.) 2569 



NO. C'icca — cont. no. 

2442. Emblica (Kurz) 2.558 

2443. leucopyrus (Kurz.) ... 2592 

2444. microcarpa (Benth.) ... 2557 

2445. ohovata (Kurz.) ... 2591 

2446. pentandra (Blanco) .. 25^1 

2447. reUculata (Karz.) ... 2557 
cclxv. Gicca (Roem.) cdxlvii 
cclxvi. Cinchona (Linn.) cdlxxxiii 

2448. Calisaya (Wedd.) ... 1446 

2449. Chakagnera (Pa.v.) ... 1444 
carthagena (Commer.) ... 1456 
colorata (Laub.) ... 1444 
Condaminea (Hbt. & Bp.) 1444 
corymbosa (Lanb.) ... 1450 



2450. 

2451. 

2452. 

2453. 

2454, 

2455. 

2456 

2456 

2457. 

2458. 

2459. 

2460. 



crispa (Taf.) ... ... 1444 

eaocdsa (Roxb.) ... ... 1457 

javanica (Lau's.) ... ... 1452 

(bis.) lancifoiia (Mutbis.) 1456 

lanceclata (Ruiz. & PaT.) 1444 

Ledgeriana (Mcens.) ... 1447 

micrantha (Ruiz. ^ Fav.) 1451 

Morado (Ruiz.) ... 1448 

2460 (bis.) nitida (Ruiz. ^ Pav.) 1453 

2461. officinalis (Linn.) ... 1444 

2462. Pahudiana (Howard.) ... 1449 

2463. parvijora (Poir.) ... 1451 
2463 (M.^.) peruviana (Pav.) ... 1454 

I 2464. pitayev sis (Wedd.) ... 1444 

2465. purpurea (Ruiz. & Pav.) 1448 

2466. Richeliana (lioward.) ... 1451 

2467. Santafe (Commer.) ... 1446-b 

2468 succirabra (Fav.) ... 1445 

2469 thyrsiflora (Roxb.) .... 1457 

2470. Trians (Karst.) ... 1450 

2471. uritusinga (Parv.) ... 1444 

2472. Verdi (Commer.) ...1446-^ 

2473. Zambamsrada (Laws.) ... 1446-0 

2474. Cineraria chinensis 

(Spreog.) 1628 

2475. repanda (Lour.) ... ... 1628 

cclxvii Ciunamomum (Bl.) ... cclxv 

2476. aromaticum (Grab.) ... 2434 

Bazania (Nees.) 2436 

Camphcra (F. Nees.) ... 2440 

gracile (m. /.) ... 2438 
iners (Wight) 2434, 2437 
iners (Bed.) 2436, 2437 

macrocarpum (fl^fc. /.) . 2437 

Perrottetii (Meissn.) ... 2439 

sulphuratam (Nees.) ... 2435 

Wightii (Meissn.) 2436 

zeylanicum (Breyn.) 2434 
zevlanicum var Wightii 

' (Bed.) 2436 

cclxviii. Cipadessa (Bl.) ... ... clxxx 

2483. baccifera (Miq.) ... 455 

2489. frnticosa (Bl.) 455 

2490. subscandens (Miq.) ... 455 
eclxix.|Girrhopetalum (Lindl.) cmxxii 

2491. acntiflorum(ff*./.) ... 2928 

2492. alUdum (Wight) ... 2920 

2493. aureum {Hk.f.) ... 2925 
2474. fimbriatum (Lind.) ... 2924 



2477. 
2478. 
2479. 
2480. 
2481. 
2482. 
2483. 
2484 
24*5. 
2486. 
2487. 



BOTANICAL INDEX 



225 



NO. 


Cirrhopetalum — ront. 


NO. 


.NO. 


C't'ssM.s' — con^ 


NO. 


2495. 


Gamblei {Hk. f.) 


.. 2927 


2uo.5. 


repanda (Valii.) ... 


589 


24<)6. 


iiilghorrcnso (Wij^lit) 


. . 292(; 


25.56. 


repens (Lamk.) 


583 


2 AH?. 


Tliomsoni (//A:./.) 


. . 2927 


25.-^7. 


repens (Tliw.) 


589 


2498. 


Well lichii (Gv&h.) 


.. 2924 


23."j8. 


riparia (Wall.) 


589 


2499. 


Gitisampelopsis volubilis 


2559. 


rotundiata (Heyne) 


585 




(Miq.) 


., 1026 


2560. 


serratifolia (RottL) 


611 


cclxx. Cissampelos (JAnn.)... 


xxvii 


2561. 


setosa (Roxb.) 


598 


2500. 


Caapeba (Linn.) ... 


91 


2562, 


tenuifolia (Heyne) 


608 


2501. 


convolvulaceu (Willd.) 


91 


2563. 


■ trilobata (Lamk.) 


597 


2502. 


delicatula (Jliers.) 


91 


2564. 


truncata (Wall.) 


608 


2503. 


discolor (Bucli.) 


91 


2565. 


vitiginea (Linn.) ... 


589 


2504. 


discolor (D.C.) ... 


89 


2,366. 


vitiginea (Roxb.) 


593 


2505. 


discolor (Wall.) ... 


94 


XXVII CI STAOE^E 


JX 


2506. 


diver sa (Miers.) ... 


.. 91 


cclxxii. 


CistuR (Linn.) 


xlix 


2507. 


elata (Miers.) 


91 


2.567. 


albidns {Linn.) 


124 


2508. 


eriantha (Miers.) .. 


91 


2568. 


canescens (Sivfuet.) 


125 


2509. 


glabra (Roxb.) 


90 


2569. 


coUinus (Salisb.) 


127 


2ao. 


grallatoria (Miers.) 


.. • 91 


2570. 


creticus (Linn.) 


125 


2511. 


hernandifoia (Wall.) 


91 


2571. 


Dunalianus (St'-ud.) 


125 


2512. 


hprriandifolia ; Willd.) . 


89 


2572. 


Jiorentinus (Lamk.) 


127 


2513. 


hexandra (Uoxb.)... 


89 


2573. 


heterophyllus (Oesf.) 


125 


2514. 


hirsuta (Buch.) ... 


91 


2574 


incanus (Linn.) . . 


125 


2515. 


officinaruvi fPluk.) 


95 


2575. 


iadaniferns (Linn.) 


126 


2516. 


oleracea (Wall.) 


77 


2576. 


ladaniferus (Stokes.) 


125 


2517. 


orbiculata (Buch.) 


91 


2577. 


ladanosma (Hoffmo.) 


126 


2518. 


ovata (Poir.) 


95 


2578. 


aaou>pelien8is {Linn.) 


127 


2519. 


Pareira (Lmn.) 


91 


257!-*. 


ocymoides (Lamk.) 


125 


2520. 


Plukenetii (D.C.) 


95 


2580. 


olhensis (Huet. & Han.) ... 


127 


2521. 


saqittata (Ham.) ... 


77 


2581. 


polymorphus (Willd.) 


125 


2522. 


subpeltato,{T\iw.) ... 


91 


2582. 


porquerollensis (Huet. & 




2523. 


Wiglitianus{'\\M.) 


95 




Han.) 


127 


cclxxi 


Cissus (Linn.) 


ccxxxvi 


2583. 


Pouzolzia (Delile.) 


124 


2524. 


acido. (Wall.) 


, 598 


2584. 


pulverulentus (Burr.) 


12i 


2525. 


acida (Roxb.) 


.. 599 


2485. 


salvifolius (Pall.) 


125 


2526. 


acuminata ( Thw.) 


.. 589 


2586. 


tomentosus (Lam.) 


125 


2527. 


adnata (Roxb.) 


590 


2587. 


undulatus (Moench.) . . 


125 


2528. 


angulata (Lanik.) 


.. 591 


2588. 


■utscostts (Stokes.) .. 


126 


2529. 


rtS'wosa (Wall.) 


,. 589 


2589. 


vulgaris (Spach.)... 


125 


2530. 


arbor ea (Forsk.) ... 


.. 1799 


cclxxii 1 


. Citharexylum {Mill.) dccxx-viii 


2531. 


auriculata (Roxb.) 


599 


2590. 


snbsei-ratum (Sw.) 


2304 


2532. 


auriculata (D.C.) 


.. 607 


cclxxiii 


Citrus 


clvii 


253.-^. 


carnosa (Roxb.) ... 


.. 599 


2591. 


acida (Roxb.) 


413 


253^. 


cinerea (Lamk.) ... 


.. 599 


2592. 


Aurantium (Linn.) 


417 


2535. 


cor data (Roxb.) ... 


583, 587 


2593. 


Aurantium-Bi^aradia 




2536. 


cordata {Wall.) ... 


590 




(Lisel.) 


415 


2537. 


crenata (Wall.) ... 


599 


2594. 


Aurantium-bergamia 




2538. 


cymosa (Wall.) 


608 




i^afln.) 


416 


2539. 


discolor {B\.^ 


.. 584 


2595. 


Anrantium-aurantiura 




2540. 


erfwh's(Dalz.) 


.. 582 




(Linn.) 


417 


2541. 


elongata (Roxb.) ... 


.. 60G 


2596. 


Aurantium-chry t^ ocarpa 




2542. 


feminea (Roxb.) ... 


.. 609 




(Ha.^sk.) 


418 


2543. 


qlaioca (R(ixb.) 


.. 587 


2597. 


Aurantium-crenatifolia 




2544. 


heptaphylla (Retz.) 


611 




(Bonav.) ... 


419 


2545. 


fiimalayana (Wall.) 


.. 602 


2598. 


buxifolia (Poir.) ... 


415 


2546. 


'japonica (Willd.) 


.. 608 


2599. 


decumana (Linn.) 


422 


2547. 


Kleinii (Wall.) ... 


590 


2600. 


decTimana-meg'aloxycarpa 




2548. 


lanceolaria (D.C) 


609 




(Bcarv.) 


422 


2549. 


latifolia (Vahl.) ... 


509 


2601. 


Hvstrix (D.C.) ... 


414 


2550. 


muricata (Dalz. & Gibs.) 


.. 609 ' 


2602. 


mermrs (Roxb.) ... 


421 


2551. 


obtusifolia (Lamk.) 


599 


2«03. 


japonica (Thunb.) 


421 


2552. 


pedata (Lamk.) ... 


.. 611 


2604. 


'latipPA (Hk. 1. & T.) ... 


414 


2553. 


purpurea (Roxb.) 


.. 587 


2605. 


Limetta (Risso.) ... 


412 


2554. 


quandrangularis (Linn.) 

15 


582 


2606. 


Limonum (Wall.) 


410 



226 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. NO. 

Citrus — cont. 

2607. Lumia 'Rieeo.) ... ... 4)11 

2608. medica (imn.) ... ... 'i09 

26*^9. medica-medica {Lvnn.) ... 409 

2610. medica-limonum (Eisso.). 410 

2611. medica-Lumia (Eisso.) ... 411 

2612. medica-Limetta {Risso.) 412 

2613. medica-acida (Bisso.) ... 413 

2614. nobilis (Lour.) 420 

2615. Papeda (iliq.) 414 

261t). trifoliata (Iww.) 408 

2617. vulgaris (RiBso.) . • 415 

2618. Cladostachys frwtescens (D. 

Don.) ' 2371 

cclxxiv. Claoxylon {A. Juss.) dcccxlii 

2618 (his.) anomaluui 

(fl/c./.) 2601 

2619. Beddomei (Hk. f.) .. 2659 

2620. hirsutum (Hfc. /.) ... 2660 

2621. indicum (Hassk.) ... 2657 
2^22. macropTiyllum (Hassk.) . 2657 

2623. muricatum (Wight) 2679 

2624. parviforum (Hook. & 

Arn.) 2657 

2624 (bis.) sp. (1) (Hk.f.) ... 2661 

2625. sptciflorum (Baill.) ... 2657 

2626. W ightii (Ek. f.) ... 2658 

2627. SI). (Hk. f. S' T.) 2659 

cclxxv Claasena (Burm.) ... ... cli. 

2628. heptaphvlla (W. ^- ^.) ... 396 
2629 indica (OZw.) 396 

2630. -nana (W. & A.) 3976 

2631. jjwbescews (W. & A.) ... 3S 74 

2632. simplicifolm (Dalz.) ... 388 

2633. Wampi (Oliv.) 395 

2634. WilldenOYii (PT. ^ ^.) ... 397 

2635. Glavulium pedunculoswm 

(Desv.) 737 

cclxxvi. Oleidion (,Bl.) ... ... dcccli 

2636. javanioum {Bl.) 2688 

cclxxvii. Cleiscstoma {Bl.) ... cmxxviii 

2637. tenerum {Hk.f.) ... 2976 
cclxxiii. Cleistanthus (Hk. /.) ... Iccoxii 

2638. collinus (Benth.) ... 2550 

2639. malabaricus (Muell.) ... 2551 

2640. patulus {Muell.) 2552 

2641. stipularis (Muell.) ... 2553 
colxxix. Clematis (Linn.) ... ... i 

2642. cawa(Wall.) 4 

2643. Flammnla, (Linn.) ... 1 

2644. Gouriana {Boxb.) ... 6 

2645. grandiflora (D.C.) ... 2 

2646. hedysarifolia (B.C.) ... 7 

2647. javana (D.G.) 4 

2648. Munroana (Wight) ... 4 

2649. nutans (RoyJe.) ,,. ... 9 

2650. patens (Mor. ^ Dec.) ... 3 
2650 {bis.) csrulea (Rort.) ... 3 

2651. smilacif olia (TFaZi.) ... 4 

2652. smilacina (CI.) ... ... 4 

2653. triloba (Heywe.) 5 

2654. WigHtiana {Wall.) ... 8 

2655. Cleome fruticosa (JAnn.) ... 103 



2656. Cleophora dendriformis 

(Lodd.) 3226 

2657. lotaroides ((;EErtn.) ... 3227 
cclxxx. Clerodendrou {Linn.) .. ccxxxi 

2658. Balfouri (Hort.) ... 23256 

2659. Balfourianuo (Hort.) ... 23256 
2650. caZt/cmum (Turez.) ... 2326 

2661. castanecefolium (Klotz.) .■.. 2321 

2662. cordtum(D. Don.) ... 2321 

2663. coromandelianum 

{Spreng.) 2320 

2664. cun eatum {Tarcz.) .. 2318 

2665. dentatum (WM.) ... 2319 

2666. fcBtidum (Hort. Pax.) ... 2323 

2667. fra grans {Vent.) 2323 

2668. herbaceum .Wall.) ... 2318 

2669. inerme (Gcer^n.) ... 2315 

2670. infurtimatam {Osertn.) ... 2321 

2671. Kaempferi [h'isch.) ... 2319 

2672. macrophyllmn (Sims.) 2318 

2673. myricoides (E. £r.) ... 2326 

2674. nutans {Wall.) 2317 

2675. odoratum (Don.)... ... 2329 

2676. orwaiwm (Wall.) . ... 2318 

2677. ovatum (Poir.) .. 2320 

2678. pklomoides {Linn.) ... 2316 

2679. roseum {Poit.) ... 2324 

2680. serratum (Spre7ig.) ... 2318 

2681. Siphonaiithus {Br.) . . 2322 

2682. squamatnm {Wall.) ... 2319 

2683. ternifolium (D. Don.) ... 2318 
2(384. 'rhompsonae {Ball.) ... 2325 

2685. vertilatumD. Bon.) ... 2322 

2686. viscosum (Vent.) 2321 

eolxxxi. Gleyeri (D.C.) ... Ixxiv. 

2687. grandijlora {Wall.) ... 1886 

2688. gymnanthrea (W. & A.) 1886 

2689. japonica (Thunb.) ... 188 
eclxxvii Clianthus {Bks. ^ Sol.) clxxxvi 

2690. puniceus {Bks. ^- Sol.) ... 761 

269 1 . Climariandra littorahs 

(Kurz.) 1673 

2692 multijlora [Mill.) ... 167.i 

2.693. obovata {Miq.) ' 1673 

oclxxxiii. Clinogyne {Salisb.) ... cmlii 

2694. virgatd (Benth.) 3025 

cclxxxiv. Clitoria (Linn.) ... ... cccxv 

2695. biflora (Dalz.) 839 

2690. calcarata (Li'Herit.) ... 841 

2697. Jlwminensis (Veil.) ... 84:1 

2698. pilosula (Wall.) ... 8384 

2699. Flumieri (Turp.) ... 841 
270Q Ternatea(LJww.) . 838 

2701. Cluytia androgyna (Linn.) 2595 

2702. collina (Roxb.) 2550 

2703. montana (Roxb.) ... 2547 

2704. patula (Roxh.) ... 2552 

2705. retusa (Linn.) 2541 

2706. scandens (Roxh.) 2548 

2707. spinosa (Willd.) 2540 

2708. ftipvXaris (Linn.) ... 2548 



BOTANICAL INUKX. 



227 



NO. NO. 

2709. Clijpea Burmanni (\V. & A.) Da, 94 

2710. hernandijolia (\V. it A.). sy 



271 :. WightiiiArn) 
oclxxxv. CobaBa {Cav.) 
2712. 



2-17. 
2718. 
2719. 
2720. 
2721. 
2722, 
2723. 
2724. 
2725. 
2726. 
2727. 
2728. 
2729. 
2730. 
2731. 
2732. 
2733. 
2734. 
2735. 
273H. 
2737. 
273S. 
2739. 
2740. 
2741. 
2742. 
2743. 
2744. 
2745. 



2749. 

2750. 
2751. 
2752. 
2753. 
2754. 
2755. 
2756- 
2757. 



2760. 
2761. 



ftO 
icxlviii 
. 1!n;7 
dcclxiv 
. 2388 
. 2;isd 
. 2:^S7 

XXXV 

83 



scandpiis (Cav.) 
cclxxxvi. Coccoloba (Linn.) 
27K-'. cristiituvi (Xoxh.) 
2714 platyclada (Mei.-^sn.) 

2715. iivifera (' ?«"•) ■• 
cclxxxvii. Cocculns {D-C.) 

2716. acwrmnatus (D.C.) 
aristolochiss (J) .C ) ... 87 
BiMweanus (Wall.) ... 82 
Burmanni {D.Vj.) ... ... 03 

onvolvulacevs {D.C.) ... . 80 

cordifolinsCD.C.) ... 80 

cuspidatu.<i (WaU.) .. 84 

Finlaysonianus (Wall.) ... 90 

glaber (V/..t A.) 88 

ha3tatus:j).C.) 87 

lacunosui (D.CL) ... 81 

ZcBi;?s (Wall.i ... 88 

laurifolius (D.C.) .. 86 

Leoehn [D.C.) ' 88 

mafrocarpns {W. §■ A) ... 85 

malabaricus CD C.) ... 79 

memhranaceus (Wall.) ... 91 

orbicvlatns (D.C.) ... 91 

palmatus (B.C.) ... ... 92 

peUatusiB.C.) ... 94 

pol'jcarpus (Wall.) ... 83 

populifolius (Z) .C .) . . 81 

radiatus (DC.) 83 

recistt.'' (Miers.) ... 88 

Roxhurghicnv's (WnU.) ... 90 

suberosus (D.C; ... . ' ... 81 

tomentosns (Colebr.) ... 78 

verruco.'ius (Wall.) ... 80 

villosHs (D.C.) 87 

villo3us (WaW.) 91 

cclxxxviii. Cochlosperraam (Kunth.) li 

3746. Gossypinm (D.C.) 129 

cclxxsix. Tocos fiwiTi.) ... ... mxii 

2747. australis (JVfaW.) ... 3232 

274S. c^n7e?(s?s (Molina.) ... 3233 

elegantissima (Tlort. 

Wendl.) 3231 

flexnosa (Mart.) 3222 

Glaziova (Hort. Wendl.)... 3231 

maldivica {Mart .) ... 3239 

3f'/r<tana (Glazeb.) . 3231 

nana (Grift.) ... 322.S 

iiucifera (LiTiTi.) ... .. 3228 

plumosa (Hr.) ... ... 3230 

Wef^delliara {Hort. Wend'.). 3231 

2758. Codariocalyx gyrans 

(Hassk.) 809 

ccxo. Codia?nin (Juss.) ... dcccxxxvii 

2759. pictv.m (Hook.) 2646 

umbellatum (Muell.) ... 2648 

variegatam {Bl.)... ... 2646 

15-A 



NO. SO. 

coxci. CfulodepaB (llassk.) dcccxlvi 

2762. calycimiiii {Bedd.) ... 2072 
ccxcii. Coelodiscus {Baill.) dcccxlix 

2763. spcx'iosus {Muell.) ... 2697 
ccxt'iii. Coelopyne (Lindl.) ... ciuxxv 

2761. angu.'ittfoha (A. llich.) ... 2941 

2705. angusti'foUa {\Wiir\.t) ... 2940 

27f^6. breviscapa (Lmrii."* ... 2940 

2767. corruj?ata (Wight) ... 2942 

27<kS. olandulosa (/ m/i^) 2943 

2769. imbricata {yichh. i.) ... 2942 

2770. nervosa (^A.'Rich.^ ... 2942 

2771. ■ncrt-o.^a (Wight) 2943 

i772. odoratissinia (Lindl.) ... 2941 

2773. pallida {B.chh.f.] 2944 

2774. tr iji da (Uchh. {.)... 2941 
ccxoiv. Coffea (Linn.) ... ... dis 

2775. alppstris (Wight) ... 1493-5 

2776. arabica(£mw) .. ... 1548 

2777. benghalensis (Bed.) ... 1552 

1553 

2778. firumelioid.es (Wight) ... 1493-c 

2779. laurifolia (Salisb.) ... 1548 

2780. liberica (^Hiern.) 1549 

2781. mirogogr^e { — ) ... ... 154S-6 

2782. 3foA'a (Hort. Hevne.) .. ]549 

2783. stenophvlla {G.'Bcn.) ... 1550 

2784. travancorensis (TI'. ^ J.) 1553 

2785. irr^ora (.Moon.) 1553 

2786. Wightiana (It', c^-^.) ... 1552 

2787. vulgaris (Moench.) ... 1548 

2788. Coiladena hyemahs (Rafin). 2021 
cxcv. Cola {Schott and Endl.) ... ciii 

• 2789. acuminata {Schott Sf' 

'EndV) 276 

ccxcvi. Colbertia (Salisb.) ... ... v 

2790. augufta {Sa.Vsh ' 15 

2791. coromandehana (D.C.) ... 15 
ccxcvii. Colebrookea (Sw.) dccxliv 

2792. nppositifolia 'Sw.) ... 2348 

2793. ternifolia (Hoxh.) ... 2347 

2794. Coleus. fruticostis (Benth.) 2337 

2795. Collcea ctnerascens (Grah.) 849 

2796. gibba (Grab.) ... 855, 856 

2797. mollis (GrsLh.) 849 

2798. trinervia (D.C.) 845 

2799. venosa (Grab.) ... 855 
ccxcviii. CoUettia {Comm.) ... ccxxv 

2800. ferox {Gill f Uk.) ... obi 

2801. /lorWda (BrODgn.) ... 557 
ccxcix. Colnbrina (Rich.) ccxxxiii 

2802. asiatica {Brongn.) ... 57o 

2803. javanica (Miq.) 575 

2804. travancorica {Bedd.) ... 576 

2805. Columbea angustifolia 

\Pertol.) ... " ... 2837 

2806. Bidwli (Carr.) 2834 

2807. excetl (Spreng.) 2873 

2808. imbricata (Carr.) ... 2838 
2P09. quadriaria (Salisb.) ... 2?38 

ccc. Colrillea (Boj.) ... ... cccslv 

2810. racemosa (5oy.) ... 944 XC 

XXVill. COMBKLTACE.^ .. XL VIII. 



228 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



2812. 

2813. 
2814. 
2815, 
2816. 
2817. 
2818. 
2819. 
2820. 
2821, 
2822. 
2823, 

2824. 
2825, 
2826. 
2827. 

2828. 
2829. 
28.S0. 
2831. 
2832. 
2833. 
283i, 

2835. 

2836. 
2837, 



2839. 
2840, 
2841, 
2842. 

occii . 
2843. 
2844. 



NO. ^O. 

occi. Combretum (Linn.)... ... cclvi 

2811. acuminatum (Roxh.) ... IIGI 

alhidwm {G.Don.) ... 1162 

coccineum (Xaw.) ... 1158 

comosum (Q. Don.) ... 1160 

costatum (Roxb.) ••• 1161 

deoandrnm (Roxb.) 1157 

densi^orum (G-. Don.) .. 1159 

extensum (Rozb.) ... 1163 

formosum (Griff.) .•• 1163 

grandiflorum (G. Don.) ... 1159 

Heyneanum (Wall.") ... 1162 

Eorsfielclii (Mio.) ' 1163 
leucanthum (Heurck. <k 

Muell.) 1163 

macro stiLchyum (Wall.) ... 1163 

neurophyllwM? (Miq.) ... 1161 

ovalifolium (Roxb.) . 1162 
jilatyphylluyn (Heurck. & 

Muell.) 1163 

purpureuvi (Vahl.) ■■■ 1158 

rotvm,difolium (Roxh.) ... 1163 

Roxhurghii (G, Don.) ... 1162 

Roxburghii (Spreng.') ... 1157 

sarcopterutn (Thw.) ... 1161 
sericeum (Wall.) ... ... 1153-a 

stenopetalum (Heurck. 

& MueU.) 1161 

Thwaite.tianuvi (Heurck. 

& Muell.) 1162 

Wightianum (Thw.) .. 1162 

W^ghtianumlWan.) ... 1163 

XXIX. COMPOSlTv^ LXIII 

2838, Conchium aciculare (Sm), 2485 
compressuTn (Sm.) ... 2485 
salicifoUum (Gasrt,) ... 2484 

salignu-in Don.) ... 2484 
Condylocarpus semperviren.'^ 

(Salisb.) 

Cong-ea (Roxb.) 
azurea (Wall.) 
paniculata (Wall.) 



2827 

dccxxxvii 

... 2333b 

... 2330 

2332 

.. 2333 



2845. tomeutosa (Roxb.) 

2846 Conghas zeylonensis (Hb. 

Madr.) 632 

XXX, CONIFERS CXII 

XXXI. CONNARACE^-E . XLII 
ccciii. Connarus (Linn.) ... cclxxiii 

2847. asiaticus (Willd.) ... 692 

2848. ferruginous (.Tack.) ... 695 

2849. nionoca'-pus (Zmn.) ... 692 

2850. monocarpns (W. ,^ A.) ... 691 

2851. pinnatus (Lamk.) ... 692 

2852. Ritchiei (Hlc.f.) ... 694 

2853. santaloides (Vahl.) .. 691 

2854. unifoliatus (Thw.) 696 

2855. Wightii (Hk.f.) ... 693 

2856. Conocarpus acuminata 

(Roxb.) 1155 

2857. latifolia (Be.) 1154 

2858. Coi'.ocephalus niveus 

(Wight) , 2778 



NO. NO. 

XXXII. CONVOLVULACEAE . LXXIX 

2859. Convclvuloides pa^mata 

(Moench.) 2038 

2860. triloba (Ma'uch.) ... 2020 

2861. Convovulus anceps 

(Linn.) ... 2U4G 

2862. anguiari.'i(Unn.) 2048 

2863. barUrioides (Wall; ... 2032 

2864. belUi.'i (Spreng) 2052 

2865. bic^Zor (Vahl.) 2056 

2866. Uiobatus (Roxb.) 2047 

2867. blandus (Ro^h.) ... ... 2044 

28H8, bracteatvs[YaLh\) ... 2056 

2869. bry ordoef alius {Salish.) ... 2036 

2870. cairicHs (Lmn.) 2052 

2871. cahjcinus (Roxb.) .. 2031 

2872. cawpamdatus (Sprang.). 2043 

2873. candicans (Rottl.) ... 1991 

2874. candican.-< iW all.) ... 1990 

2875. capitellatus (Wall.) ... 2036-c 

2876. Cholsyanus (Wall.) .. 2000 

2877. chryseides (Spreng.) ... 2038 

2878. coccineus (Spreng.) ... 2018 

2879. coeruleui; (Sprang.) „. 2020 

2880. crispatulus(VfaM) ... 2045 

2881. cuneatus (Willd.) ... 2008 

2882. cymosus (Lamk.) ... 2044 

2883. dnsyspermus (Spreng.) .. 2056 

2884. dentatus (YbMI.) ... ' ... 2038 

2885. digitatus (Koxb.) ... 295'J 

2886. digatatus (Sprang.) 2033 

2887. Dillenii (Lamk.) 2020 

2888. dii^sectus (Linn.) 2051 

2889. cllipticus (Spveng ) ... 2013 

2890. eriocarpus (Spreng.) ... 20.37 

2891. festivus(Wan.) 1995 

2892. formosus (Roxb.) ... 2049 

2893. fulgens ^WalL) 2009 

2894. gaiigeticns (Roxb.) ... 1992 

2895. ga-rtpehews (Wall.) 2042 

2896. yeweZZw.-- (Wall.) 2039-6 

2897. glomeratus (Wall.) 2007 

2898. rjos-nipinus (Wall.) ... 2034 

2899. grandifJorv.s (lirm. i.) . 2017 

2900. grandijiorus (Wall.) .. 2015-b 

2901. RardicicMi (Spreng., ... 2031 

2902. hederaceu--^ (Linn.) 2023 
3903. hepatic if oliu.-. (Spreng.)... 2036-6 

2904. heptaphyllus (Rottl.) ... 2052 

2905. hispidns (Yahl.) ... 2037 

2906. hvpocrateriformis 
(Lamk.) ... 1991 

2907. imbricatus (Spreng.) ... 2010 

2908. incrassatus (WslW.) ... 2041 

2909. insiijnis (Spring.) ... 2033 

2910. involucratu.« ^Ker.) ... 2056 

2911. Icentrocauhs (Stend.) ... 2049 

2912. Ueinii I'.-pieng.) ... 2042 

2913. Kleinii (Wall.) 2051 

2914. laurijoliui (RoTih.) . 2013 

2915. lupuhfolius (Griff.) ... 2052 

2916. luteolus (Spreng.) ... 2018 

2917. major (IJort.) 2029 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



229 



NO. Oonvovulus — cont . 

2918. malabaricus (lAnn.) 

2f»19. 7nalabaricu.i (Uoxb ) 

2920. viarginatus (Lamk.) 

2921. inaritivius (Laink. ■ 

2922. viaxiinus {Vahl.) 

2923. melanostictus (Sclildl.) 
2924'. muricatus {hinn) 
2925. 7ie»-vodUA' (l'>urm.) 
292G. Nil (Linn.) 

2927. obovatus (Wall.) ... 

2928. obscurus (Linn.) ... 

2929. orixensis (l»ottL) 
2230. ornatu:< (Wall.) ... 

2931. panicidatun (Linn ) 

2932. panicvlatus (Wiill.) 

2933. pedatus {Hoxh.) 

2934. pennatus (Lamk.) 

2935. pentaijonus (Itoxl).) 

2936. Pes-Capr% (Linn.; 

2937. Pes-tigridis (Si)rfn }.;•.) 

2938. phcenicetis (Spieii},'.) 

2939. platensis (Sprens^.) 

2940. platypeltis (Spron<<.) 

2941. polyanthus (Wall.) 

2942. pomaceus (Wall.) 



2943. purpureus {Linn.) 

2944. Quariioclit (Spreng.) 

2945. racemost's {\l. & S ) 

2946. Rampania (Wall.) 

2947. roseus (Kiinth.) ... 

2948. Rothii (Sprer.g.) ... 

2949. Uottleri (Spieng.) 

2950. semidigynun (Roxb.") 

2951. sepiariu,^ { Wall.) 

2952. seasiliflvrufi ( Sprensf. '\ 

2953. se<o.si/»(Wan.) 

2954. speciof'in (jjinn. f.) 

2955. sphseroccphalus (noxb.) 

2956. stipulareua iRoxb.) 

2957. ■■^triatus vVahi.) ... 

2958. titrigcsus Sprfenyf.) 

2959. Tarita (Ham.) " . 

2960. tilisefoli'is (Lamk.) 
2901. triqueter (Vabl.) . 

2962. Tuba (Schlecht.) ... 

2963. tuberculatiis (Lamk. 

2964. Turpethuin (Linn.) 

2965. umbellatus (Wall.) 

2966. vitifolhcs {Linn.) ... 

2967. Wightii (Wall.) ... 

2968. Conyza acuimnata (Wall.) 

2969. anthelmintica (Linn.) 

2970. arhorea (Wall.) ... 

2971 . divergens CWall.) . . . 

2972. lanceolata (Wall.) 

2973. miiltiffora (Wall.) 

2974. sohgna (Wall.) ... 

2975. tovientosa (Wall.) 

2976. Wightiana (Wall.) 

2977. ookia dulcis {Bedd.) 

2978. Cpunctata (Soan.) ... 
coiy. Gopernicia {Mart.) 



NO. ' 


NO. C 


nperuicia — cont. 


NO. 


... 2002 


2079. 


ccrifcra {Mart.) ... 


3176 


... 2042 1 


cccv. Coiirosnia {Forst.) ... ... 


dxiii 


... 2091 


2980. 


Incida {Forst.) 


1574 


... 2041 


cccvi. Corchorus {[.inn.) ... 


cxxii 


... 2041 


2981. 


Anf.ichoruB {Rasusch.) ... 


334 


. 1992 


2982. 


hurnilis (Muuro.) 


334 


. . 2016 


cccvii. Corclia (Linn.) 


dcxlix 


... 1993 


2983. 


africana (Lan.k.) 


1968 


... 2020 


2984. 


angustifolia (Roxb.) 


1973 


... 2014-c 


2985. 


campanulata (Roxb.) ... 


1978 


... 2039 


2986. 


Clarko (Brand.) 


1972 


... 201(; 


2987. 


cordcjolia (Wall.) 


1971 


... 1990 1 


2988. 


coromiindeliana (Keen. 




... 2033 




& Retz.) 


1983 


... 2(J49 


2989. 


diversa (Thw.) 


1970 


... 2053 1 


2990. 


fiomestica (Eoth.) 


1968-6 


... 2019 


2991. 


fulvosa ( II ij/d) ... 


1976 


... 2044 


2992. 


gran'iis (Roxb.) ... 


1971 


... 2047 


2993. 


hexandra (K. & S.) 


1978 


.. 2036 1 


2994. 


t/td/crt (Lamk.) 


1968 


... 2018 ! 


2995. 


if( ii/bJ/a (Roxb.) . 


1696 


... 2033 


2996. 


Maclceodii {Hk.f, and T.) 


1975 


... 2043 


2997. 


monoica (Roxb.) ... 


. 1970 


. 2042 


2998. 


Myxa (Linn.) 


1968 


1997,1998 


2999. 


31 yxn. {Thw.'' 


. 1969 


and 2001 


3000. 


obliqua (Willd.) ... 


1969 


... 2029 


3001. 


obviqua (Wight) ... 


1969-6 


... 2019 


30112. 


octandia (A.D.c.) 


. 1977 


... 2042 


3003. 


offi,civalis (Lamk.) 


. 1968 


... 2037 


3004. 


pan^icvlata. (Roth.) 


. 1968 


... 2033 


3005. 


Perrottettii ( ^''tg/ii) 


. 1974 


... 2044 


3006. 


polygama (Roxb.) 


. 1970 


2002 


3U07. 


polyyama (Wall.) 


. 1976 


... 2067 


.3008. 


reticulata (UotU.) .. 


. 1973 


. . 2041 


3009. 


retusa. (Vahl.) 


. 1983 


... 2031 


3010. 


Rr,t.hii (E. c^- S.) 


. 1977 


2014 


3011. 


Rumphii (Bl.) 


. 1978 


... 1993 


3012. 


Sebestena (Linn.) 


. 1979 


) .. 2037 


3013. 


serrata (Roxb.) 


. 1977 


... 2041-a 


,3014. 


subc-oidatfi ( Lamk.) 


. 1978 


... 2041 


3015. 


subopposita (D.C.) 


. 1973 


. 2014 


3016. 


tomentosa (Wall.) 


. 1969-6 


... 1990 


3017. 


JFallichii (G. Bon.) 


. 1968-6 


... 1992 


3018. 


Cordiochlasno alata 




... 2046 




(Fee.) 


. 3350 


... 2017 


cccviii 


(-'ordyline (Commers.) 


cmlxv 


... 2052 


3019. 


alba {Bort.) 


. 3107-O 


, 2046 ' 


3020. 


albicans (Hort.) ... 


. 3107-6 


... 2044 


30.1. 


amabilib {Cogn, ^' 




... 2018 




Mar.) 


. 3108 


... 2034 


3022. 


australis {Hk.f.) 


. 3109 


11.) 1604 


.3023. 


Baptistii {Cogn. ^ 




.. 1599 




Mar.). 


. 3110 


.. Ib04 


3024, 


5aMsei vHort.) 


. 3107-6 


... 1596 


302S. 


congesta '.Endl.) ... , 


. Slll-d 


... 1.596 


3026. 


Eckhalltei (Hort.) 


. 3107-8 


... 1596 


,3027. 


ensifvlia (Wall.) ... 


.. 3098 


... 1597 


3028. 


ensiformis (E. Br.) , 


.. S09if 


... 1607 


3029. 


Gay a (Hort.) 


.. 3107-/ 


... 1604-6 


3030. 


Oloriosa (Linden.) 


.. 3107-c 


... 397-c 


3031. 


Hendersoni {Cogn. 8f' 




... 895 




Mar.) 


.. 3112 


cmxvcii 


1 3032. 


Hoskinsse (Hort.)... 


...3107-6 



2.^0 



BOTANICAL iNDfit. 



NO. Cordyline — cont. no. 

3033. ini'periaiis (Hort. ) ... 107-j 

3lS4. Imp er ator {Rovi.) ,..2107-"; 

3035. Jacquininiii (Knnth.) ... 3107-e 

3036. Jamesii (Hort. (Taudich. ) 3107-A: 

3037. metallica (Hort. Dall.) ...3i07-6 

3038. nigricans (TLoTt.) 3107-w 

3039. Ueginse (Veitch.) 

3040. Rohinsoniana (Hort.) 
o'041. striLta (Endl.) ... 

3042. terminalis {Kunth.\ 

3043. Twrnerx (h\ it.) ... 

XXXIII. CORKACER 

cccix. Cornus {Linn.) 

3044. capitata {Wall.) ... 

3045. Cornutiacorijmhosa (Bnrm 

3046. corymhosa (Lamk.) ... 



3047. Coronilla aculeaia (Willd). 

3048. cauHa^j//a (willd. 1 
304-9. grandijiora {Wnid.) 

3050. Stsan (Willd.) 

cccx. Correa {Ander.) 

3051. alWa (Ander.) 

3052. Backhou.-iiana (Hk.) 

3053. bicolor (Paxt.) 

3054. cardinal) fi (F. Muell.) 
30r>5. cord.ifolia (Salisb ) 

3056. glabra (Lindl.) 

3057. leucoclada (Lind. ) 

3058. pulchplla (Mackey.) 

3059. rejip.xa (Vent.) ... 

3060. revoLuta (Vent.) 

3061. rotundi folia (Lindl.) 
3C62 rubra (Sm.) 

3063. r!</a (Vent.) 

3064. speciosa (Ait.) 
306,rp. virens (Sm.) 
3066. viridi^ora (Andr.) 
3066 (6i-i.) Gortade.ria argentea 

(i*and.). 

3066 (tri-i.) conspiciia 'Sand.) 

cccxi. Gorylns (Linn.) 

3<!67. avellana (Linn.) ... 

cccxii. Corynocarpns '.Forsl.) 

3068. l;BTigata(forsi ) . 
cccxiii. Corypha (Linn.) 

3069. alata (sphalm ) 

3070. australis (\{.\\) . 

3071. cerifera (Arr.) 

3072. elata (Roxb.) 

3073. Gebangu (Kniz.) ,. 

3074. glauce.9cens (Lodd ) 

3075. minor (J acq.) 

3076. palmacea (Steud ) 
3U77. Palmetto (Wall.) ... 

3078. pumila (Walt.) ... 

3079. rotiindifolia (Lamk.) 

3080. Faliera (Roxb.) 

3081. umbraculifera (Jaoq.) 

3082. umbraonlifera (Linn.) 
cccxiv. Coscinium (Cole.br.) 

3083. fenestratum (Colebr.) 

3084. Wallichianum (Miers.) 



3107-n. 

3107-0 
3111 
3107 

3107-33 

LXIX. 

colxxi 
1421 
229i 
2288 
2296 
780 



780 
781 
779 
cxli 
375 
376 
376 
3^6 
<s76 
376 
376 
376 
376 
376 
.375 
376 
376 
376 
376 
376 

3290 

.. 3288 

dccclxxxix 

... 2786 

. . . cclvii 

657 

craxcv) 

... 3173 

... 3197 

... 3176 

... 3173 

... 3173 

... 3185 

... 3182 

3187 

... 3184 

... 3182 

... 3191 

... 3175 

... 3183 

3174 

... xxxii 

82 

82 



No. Coscininm— con<. No. 

3085. Wightianum (Miers.) ... 82 
cccxv. Cosmostigma (Br.) ... dcx.xxiv 

3086. acuminatum (Wight) ... 1917 

3087. raoemosum (Wight) ... 1917 
cccxvi. Costus (Linn ) ... cmxlvii 

3088. arabicus (Jacq.) 3000 

3089. arabicus (Linn.) ... ... 3005 

3090. discolor (Rose.) 3001 

3091. M&lortiesinns (H. Wendl.) .3002 

3092. mosaiciis (EmZJ ) ... 3003 

3093. speciosus (Sm.) ... 

cccxvii. Cotoneastcr (Linn.) ... ccclx\xviii 

3094. affinis (B.C.) 1121 

3095. y affiMis (Kohen.) 1120 

3U96. busifolia (H'^aiL) 1121 

3097. irigida. (Wall.) 1120 

3098. lanata (Hort.) 1121 

3099. nepalens2s (Hort.) ... 1120 
cccxviii. Cottonia ( l^'f^/ii) ... cmxxx 

3100. macrostach^a (Wight) ... 2951 

3101. Coulteria chilensis (Be.) 935 
3)02. tinctoria (Kb. & K.) ... 935 

cccxix. Coxsroupita (4w&L) ... cdxxiv 

3103. guianeiisis (Aubl.) .. 1267 

3104. Covellia assamica (Iftlu^^.) ... 2750 

3105. conglomerata (Miq.) ... 2751 

3106. courtallensi s (i^iq.) ... 2750 

3107. Gunia (Miq.) 2751 

3108. dcKwoni^w (Miq.) .. ... 2750 

3109. dasycarpa (mq.) 2750 

3110. glomerata (Miq.) 2757 

3111. Grifithii (Mia.) 2747 

3112. mce^(t)7ci/)<'. (Miq.) 2751 

3113. mar.rophijlla (Miq.) ... 2756 

3114. moiZ?5 (Miq.) 2757 

3115. oppositifolia (Uasp.) ... 2750 

3116. setulvsa (mq.) 2750 

3117. Wightiana (Miq.) 2750 

cocxx. Crataegus (Linn.) ... ccclxxxvii 

3118. crenulata (Eoxb.) ... 1119 

3119. Pyracantha (Brand.) ... 1119 
cccxxi. Crataeva (Linn.) ... xlv 

3120. a:petoZa (Spreng.) ... 99 

3121. Marmelos (Linn.; . 425 

3122. Nwvala (Ham.) 101-a 

3123. odora (Ham.) 101-6 

3124. religiusa (Forst.) ... 101 
31l''5. religiosa (AinsHe.) ... 425 

3126. religiosa (Ham.) ... l©l-b 

3127. Uoxburghii (Br.) ... 101-b 

3128. unilocularis (Ram.) ... 101-b 

3129. Vallanga (Keen.) ... 424 
ccoxxii. Crescentia (Linn.) ... dcxcv^ 

3130. acuminata (Hb. & K.) 2155 

3131. alata (llh. & K.) .. ... 2156 

3132. angustifolium (Willd) ... 2155 

3133. arborea (Eafin.) 2155 

3134. Cujete (Linn.) ,. . . 2155 

3135. trifolia (Blanco.) ... . 2156 
onoxxiii. Cressa {Linn.) ... ... dclxiv 

3136. anstralis (Br.) 2064 

3137. crefcica (Linn.) 2064 

3138. jndica (Uetz.) 2064 



BOTANICAL INDEX, 



231 



No. 

3 139. Criataria coccinea 

(Sonner.) 

cccxxiv. Crossandia {Salisb.) 

3140. axillaris (Nees.) .. 

3141. coccinea (Dalz. & Gibs.) 

3142. infundibulij'ormis (Neea. 

3143. oppoattifolia (Nees.) 
3 1 44. unduhufolia (Salisb.) 

cccxxv. Crossostephium {Lesd.) 

3143. artcnusioides (Less.) 

cccx.xvi. Crotalaria {Linn.) 

3146. affitus (D.C.) 

3147. alata {Ham.) 
3i48. albida (fleyne.) ... 

3149. Arnottnana (Benth.) 

3150. barbata (Ura/i.) ... 

3151. bengalen-'iis (Lamb.) 

3152. bialata (Roxb.) 

3153. Brounei (Rchb.) 

3154!. Cam^bellii (Aruu.) 

3155. candicans (\V. it A.) 

3156. Cephalotes (Kerb. Madr. 

3157. c/i I n cnsK-i (Lamk.) 

3158. clavata {W. ^ A.) 

3159. cunvifolia (Schrank.) 
Sllj'J. cylisoiiles (Roxb.) 

3161. digitata (iJoo/c.) 

3163. digitata (Wight) 

3163. elegans (Bedd.) 

3164. ep unctata (Dsiiz.) 

3165. jtine.-itrata (Sims) 

3166. foimosa ((Jrah.) .. 

3167. fulva (Roxb.) 

3168. Grahamiaiia (TF. ^ 4.) 

3169. grandi/lora (ZoU.) 
317U. grandig (llovt.) ... 
iSl?!. kerbacea(Schweig-) 

3172. Heyneana (Grah.) 

3173. ilooA-eri (Avn.) 

3174. incana (Linn.) 

3175. juncea (Linn.) 

3176. Jabuirifolia (Linn.) 

3177. laburnoides (Klotz.) 

3178. kevigata (Lamk.) 

3179. lanaia (Be.-d.) ... 

3180. laUfolia (Bore. Calc.) . 

3181. leptostachja (i'enth.) . 

3182. Leschenaulfcii (Dc.) 

3183. longipes (TT'. ^4.) 

3184. liimilata (Ileijne.) 

3185. Iwpinijiora (Grab.) 

3186. macrophylla (Weiiim.) 

3187. macrophylla (Willd.) 

3188. inadorensis ( [Fig/it) 

3189. montana (Roxb.) 

3190. ? nervosa (Grah.) 

3191. Notonii (W. * J.) 

3192. cbtecta (Grah.) 

3193. ovalifolm (Wall.) ... 

3194. pallida (Klotz.) ... 

3195. paniculatadFiiid.) 

3196. parva (Grab.) 

3197. peduncularis (Qrah.) 



. 1158 


3199. 


dooviii 


3200. 


. 22^14 


3201. 


•2244 


3202. 


) 2244 


32f'3. 


2244 


3204. 


. 2244 j 


3205. 


. dxsix 1 


3206 


. 1622 j 


3207. 


cclxxix 


3-.i08. 


. 734 


3209. 


. 7U4 


3210. 


706 


3211. 


718 


3212. 


715 


3213. 


. 722 


3214. 


. ■ 704 


3215. 


. 736 


3216. 


. 729 


3217. 


724 


3218. 


. 708 


3219. 


730 


3220. 


735 


3221. 


712 


3222. 


735 


3223. 


739 


3224. 


. 738 


3225. 


710 


3226. 


. 7uy-b 


3227. 


722 


3228. 


. 714 


3229. 


. 726 


3230. 


738 


. 3231. 


721 


32:^2. 


726 


323:5. 


734 


cccxxv 


719 


3234. 


. 736 


"235. 


. 734 


3236. 


722 


3237. 


737 


3238. 


. 736 


323!'. 


733 


3240. 


717 


3241. 


736 


3242. 


720 


3243. 


713 


3244. 


. 716 


3245, 


728 


3 lie. 


713 


3247. 


712 


3218. 


. 875 


3249. 


724 


3250. 


706 


3251, 


789 


3252. 


. 731 


32.53. 


.. 728 


1 3254, 


.. 705' 


1 3255. 


736 


3256. 


730 


3257. 


. 706 


1 3258. 


710 


1 3259, 



NO. Crotalaria — cont. no. 

3198. pedv/nculosa (Desv.) ... 737 

pellita (Bert.) 729 

pendula (Bert.) ... ... 737 

pisiformis (Guill. .fe Perr). 736 

3)or recto (Wall.) 722 

piiestleyoides (Benth.) ... 709 

pulcherrirua (Roxb ) . . 727 

pulchr a (kndr.) 727 

pulchra (D.C.) 726 

purictoto (Grail.) 706 

ramosissinia (Koib.) .. 729 

retnsa (iinTi.) ... ... 711 

rigida (Hetme.) ... 732 

rostrata (\V. & A.) ... 731 

i-ubiginosa (WiUd.) ... 705 

sagitticaulis (Wall.) ... 704 

Saltiana (.Andr.) 736 

Schimperi (.'i. Rich.) ... 734 

scojjaria (Wall.) 706 

sempei-floreES (Vent.) ... 718 

seiicea (K?<2.) 712 

gericea (WiUd.) 722 

speciosa (Hpi.ne) ... 708 

spectabiUs (Roth,) ... 712 

stipitata (Grah.) ... ... 733 

Htvi:i.Ui (D.C.) 736 

subperfoliata (IFig/i<). ... 725 

tccta.(Roih.) 707 

tenuifoiia (Roxb.) ... 722 

tenuis (WaU.) ... 706 

tetriigona (Roxb.) ... 721 

tetrgona (\Ya\L) ... 723 

tomentosa (Rottl.) ... 729 

trifoiiastrwm (Wall.) ... 731 
viminea (Wall.) 707, 722 

WiyhtUina (Wall.) .. 705-6 
.Ci'oton (Linn.) dcccxxxiv 

argiitus (Heyne) ... 2641 

j-roinaticus (Lii'n.) ... 2638 

atrovirens (Hb. Madr.) ... 2684 

bcciferus (Wall.) .„ 2686 

Boragateh (Roxb.) ... 2637 

bractiferus (Roxb.) ... 2646 

cascarilloides (Rausch.). 2687 

candatus ((reisei.) .. 2639 

caudatus (Muell.) ... 2641 

coccinev.s (Vahl.) ,.. 2687 

coccineus (Wall.) ... 2684 

denticulatus (Bl.) ,., 2639 

distorts (Wall.) 2687 

drupaceas (Roxb.) ... 2639 

Dudia ^Ham.) 2637 

elcBocarpifolins (Wall.) ... 2637 

GibBoniaiiUS (Nimmo.) ... 2640 

glabellus (Heyne) ... 2653 
hastatus (hinu.) ... ...2697-cl 

hy poleucus (Dah.) ... 2634 

■Tamalgota (Ham.) ,.. 2642 

.Joujfra (Miq.) 2637 

Klotzschianos (FTighO ... 2641 

lacciferus (Muell.) ... 2638 

lacciferus (Linn.) ... 2638 

lacciferns (Wall.) 2686 



232 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Oroton — cont. no. 

3260. loevigatus (Wall ) • 2554-2637 

3261. Lawianus (Nimmo.) ... 2643 

3262. malabai'icus {Bedd.) ... 2635 

3263. montanus (WiWd.) ... 2687 

3264. muricatu.^t {Reyne) ... 2679 

3265. nervosus (Eottl. & Willd, 

lapsn. A.) ... 2683 

3266. oblougifolius {Boxb.) . 2637 

3267. Pa? ana (Ham.) 2642 

3268. pedunculatus (Wall.) ... 2555 

3269. 'phiUppensis {hvixnk.) ... 2687 

3270. 2)ic<ws (Wall.) 2646 

3271. polyandrus (Koxb.) ... 2696 

3272. punctatug (Retz.) 2687 

3273. repandus (Willd.) 2686 

3274. reticulatius (Eet/ne) .. 2634 

3275. retictilatus {WiUd.) ... 2683 

3276. rhamnifolius (Willd.) ... 2683 

3277. rhovibifolhvs (Willd.) ... 2686 

3278. scabiosus (Bedd.) ... 2636 

3279. aebiferus (Linn.) 2702 

3280. solanifoUu,s (Geisel.) ... 2696 

3281. spinosua^Luwi.) 2693 

3282. Thwaite»iani(,s (Muell.) ... 2641 

3283. Tigliuin {lAnn.) ... ... 2642 

3284. tilimfohus ( Lam.) 2638 

3285. umbdlatu.? (Dalz. & Gibs.) 2651 

3286. umbellatus (Heyne.) ... 2641 
o287. umbellatus (Willd.) ... 2648 

3288. umbellatus (Wight) ... 2650 

3289. urens (Linn.) 2697-rf 

3290- var iegatu.<i {hina.) ... 2646 

3291. zeylanicus (M«ell.) ... 2634 

3292. Griiminium giganteum 

(Desv.) 841 

cecxxviii. Cryptocarya (-Br.) dcclxxi 
3293. 



oapeusis (? not ia Indj. 

Kew.) 

Jloribnnda (Miq.) ... 
Jloribunda (Wight) 
neilgherriensis (Meissn.) 
Stooksii {Meissn.) 
Wig-htiana {Thu.) 
Cryptochilus reticulata 

(K,chb. L) 

pocxxix. Cryptolepis (Br.) ... 
3300. Buchanani (R. ^ S.) 
elegans ( Wall.) ... 
grandillora {Wight) 
laxijlora (Bl.) 
pauciflora (VVight) 
reticulata (Wall.)... 
Wightiana (Wall.) 
cooxxx. Cryptomerla (£). Don.) 
3.307. Fortunei {Ui. & De'it.) 

3308. japonica {D. Don.) 

3309. ^066^ (Billain.) 

3310. nigricans {C'Avr.) ... 
cccxxxi, Cryptostegia (J3r.) 

3311. grandillora {Br.) ... 
cccxxxii. Cudrania {Trecul.) 

3312. amboinenais (Kurz.) 



3294. 
3295. 
3296. 
3297. 

3298. 
3299. 



3301. 
3302. 
3303. 
3304. 
3305. 
3.306. 



2428 
2444 

2426 

i:.427 

2427 
2426 



... 2931 

... doxii 

... 1867 

... 1S69 

... 1868 

... 1869 

. , 186H 

... 1867 

... 1868 
cmii 

... 2825 

... 2825 

... 2825 

.. 2835 

... dcxiii 

... 1870 
dccclxxri 

... 2761 



NO. 

3313. 
3314. 

3315. 

cccxxxiii 

3316. 

3317. 
cocxsxiv. 

3.a8. 

3319. 
3320, 
3321. 
3322. 
3323. 
3324. 
3425. 
3326. 
3327. 
3328. 
3329. 
3330. 
3331. 
3332. 
3333. 

cccxxxv. 
3434. 
3335. 
333K. 
3.337. 
;^338. 
3339. 
3340. 
3341. 
.3342 
.3343. 
3344. 
3345. 
334i;. 
3347. 
3348. 
;^349. 
3350. 
3351. 
3352. 
3353. 
3354. 
3355. 
3356. 
3357. 
3358. 
3359. 
3360. 
3361. 
3362. 
3363. 
3364. 
3365. 
3366. 
3367. 
.9368. 
3369. 
3370, 



Cudrania — cont. No. 

javanenbis (Treeul.) ... 2761 
Cudranus amboinensis 

(Miq.) 2761 

Rumphii (Thw.) 2761 

CuUenia {Wight) ... c. 

excelssi {Wight) ... 262 

Gupania canessens (Pers.) 626 
Gupliea (P. Br.) ... cdxxxvi 



barligera (Hk. & Arn.) 1313 

Jloribunda (Hk. & Aru.) 1311 

fulgens (Fenzl.) ... ... 1311 

fiilgida (Fenzl.) 1311 

Hookeriaua ( PTaZ^J.) ... 1311 

ignea {A. Do.) 1312 

Llavea {Sex.) 1313 

Llaveana (Hem.sley.) ... 1313 

micropetala (Baill.) ... 1313 

miniata (Brongn.) ... 1313 

Neuberti (Hort. Kocb.) ... 1313 

platijcentra (Lem.) ... 1312 

Boezlii (Carr.) .., ... 1313 

speciosa (Hort. Koch.) ... 1313 

tubijfora (Hort. L im.) ... 1312 
Gupideria myrtifoha (Haw.) 2543 

Cupressus {Linn.) dcccxcvii 

attenuata {Gord.) .. ... 2.")12 

australis (Pers.) ... ... 2815-c 

australis (Low.) ... ... 2S09 

cashmeriana (Bed.) ... 2810 

columnaris (Forst.) ... 2837 

conoidea (Spad.) ... -.. 2809 

Doniana (Hort.) ... ... 2809 

elongata (Salisb.) ... 2809 

expansa (Targ.) ... ... 2809 

fastigiata (Dc.) 2809 

fragrans {Ke\l) 2812 

funebris {Endl.) 28u6 

globulifera (Port.) ... 2809 

gl-dnca. {Lamb.) 2807 

Rartwegii (CaiT.) ... 2808 

horizontalis {U.i\\.) ... 2809 

'japonica {hinn.) ... ... 2825 

Karwinskiana (Regel.) ... 2811 

Knightiana (Perry.) ... 2811 

Lawsoniana {Andr.) ... 2812 

I. md]ey i {Klotzsch.) .. 2811 

lugubris (Salisb.)... ... 2809 

lusitanica (Lindl.) ... 2811 

Itisitanica (Mill.) 2S07 

niaurocarpa {Ilartw.) ... 2808 

maje.'stica (Knight.) ... 2810 

nepaulensis (Loud.) ... 2810 

nutkana (Torr.) ... ... 2812 

obtusa. (C. JCor/i.) 281.3 

pendens (P. Muell.) ... 2813 

pendula (Staunton.) ... 2806 

pendida (L'Herit.) ... 2807 

pendula (Grif.) 'J810 

pendula (Tliunb.) ... 2817 

pyramidalis (Targ.) ... 2809 

lioylei (Cair.) ... ,.. 2809 

mseperTirens {I inn.) ... 2809 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



2d3 



NO. CupreBBtis— co«t. 

3371. sin>"n,^is (Lea.) 

3372. striata (Mill.) 

3373. T/iMia (Targ.) 

3374. thujaeJoUa (Knight.) 

3375. ihujai f ormi.^i {VarVixi..) 

3376. thujseoides (Lodd.) 

3377. thurifera (Liiidl.).. 

3378. torulosa (X>. Don.) 

3379. Whitleyana (Carr.) 

3380. Curcuma longifolia (Wall.) 
ccGxxxvi. Cartisia {Ait.) ... 
8381. faoiiiea (^i^) 
cccxxxvii. Cuscuta (/ inn.) 



NO. 

2807 
28('9 
2817 
2809 
2809 
2809 
2811 
2810 
2809 
2990 
ccx 
505 
dclxv 
2060 
2066 
2067 
2067 
2067 
2067 
2065 
2065 
2065 
2066 
2067 
2056 
2066 
2065 
2067 
2066 
2064 



3382. arabica (Wight) ... 

3383. Boissrcri (Stocks.) 

3384. cajji^aris (Wall.) ... 

3385. carinata (Br.) 

3386. chinensis (/ ai7ifc.) 

3387. ciliaris (Hohen.) ... 

3388. elaticr (Chois.) ... 

3389. grandijlora (Wall.) 

3390. Hookpri (Sweet.) ... 

3391. hyiilina {Roth.) ... 

3392. hliaiina (Wight.) ... 

3393. macrantha (G. Don.) 

3394. oxij'petala (Boiss.) 

3395 i-ftiexa (Roa;6.) 

3396 sulcata {Hoxh.) ... 

3397 sulcata (Wall.) '... 

3398. verrucosa (Sweet.) 

3399. Cussambium glabrum 

(Uam.) 632 

3400. puhescens (Ham.) 632 

3401. spinosmn (Ham.)... ... 632 

3402. Ciianospermum javanicum 

'JVliq.) 858 

3403. tojnento^^m (W. & A.) ... 8t?4 
cccs>xviii. Cyanothamnus {liindl.) exxxix 
cccxxbix. t'yathea [Smith.) ... mlii 

3404. spinulosa (JFaii.) 3330 

cct'xi. Cyathocalyx {Champ.) ... xiii 
3465. zevlanicns (Champ.) ... 32 

XXXIV. CYCADACE^: CXIII 

cccli. Cycas {Linn.) ... ...cmxiv. 

3406. Bedoomei {Dyer.) ... 2877 

3407. JJoddami {Bort.) 2873-6 

3408. civcinalis( i iwn.) 2873 

3409. eircinalis (Roxb.) 2874 

3410. glauca (Miq.) 2874 

3411. inernji s {Ondem.) 2878 

3412. macrccarpa (Griff.) ... 2874 

3413. madagascariensis {Miq.).,. 2873 

3414. media (R.5r.) .. ... 2875 

3415. Pluma (Bull.) 2873-6 

3416. revoluta (Bedd.) 2877 

3417. reyoluta {Thunb.) 2878 

3418. Biedlei (Gaud.) 2879 

3419. Eumphii {Miq.) 2874 

3420. specwsa (D. Don.) ... 2874 

3421. sphxrica (Eoxb.) 2873 

3422. squamosa {hoM) 2803-6 

3423. squarrosa (Stend.) ... 2873-6 
a424. Thouarsii (Br.) 2873 



NO. Cyoaa — cont. 
3425. " unmlata (Des/.) ... 
3126. llaihc/iti (Miq.) ... 
XXX V^. CYCLANTUACE^ 
cobxlii Cyclea {Am.) 

3427. Arnottii (Miers.) ... 

3428. barbata (Miers.) ... 

3429. Biinranui {Miers.) 

3430. debilijiora (Miers.) 

3431. laxi flora (Miers.) ... 

3432. peltata {Hk. f. ^ T.) 

3433. versicolor (Miers.) 
cccxliii. C.NClopia (Kent.) .. 

3434. genistoides {Sieber.) 
cccxliv. Cyclostemon {Bl.).,. 

3435. cuspidatus {B\.) ... 

3436. macrophyllus {Bl.) 

3437. macrophyllus {Bedd.). 

3438. malabaricDS (Bedd.) 
cccxlv. Cydonia {Tourn.) ... 

3439. Sumboshia (Ham.) 
34-10. vulgaris (Fers.) ... 
cccxlvi. Cylicodaphne (Nees.) 

3441. Jloribunda (Bl.) ... 

3442. myristicaefoia (Meissn.) 
3443- Wiyhtiana (Nees.) 
ccoxlvii. Cylista {Ait.) 



3444. 
3445. 
3446. 
3447. 
3448. 



albijlora (iSims.) ... 
reticulata (Heyne) 
scariosa {Ait.) 
suaveolens (Grab.) 
tomentosa (Roxb.) 



NO. 

... 2876 
... 2874 
...CXXII 
. . . xxxix 

94 
94 
93 

94 

94 

94 

95 

cccxxxiv 

... 921 

dcccxxi 

... 2714 

... 2634 

2604-a 

... 2605 

ccclxvxi'i 

... 1111 

.. nil 

dcclxxxiii 
... 2469 
2467 
.. 2469 
. cccxxi 
.. 864 
85S 
857 
858 
864 
cnixxTii 
.. 2963 



cccxlviii. Cymbidium {Euartz.) 

3449. Alagnata (Ham.) 

3450. aloifolinm (W.) 2945 

3451. aloifoliuvi (Heyne) ... 297» 

3452. aphijlluyn {Svc.) 2916 

3453 bicolor {Linol.) 2946 

i:454. crassifolium (Wall.) ... 2946 

3455. ? erectum (Wight) ... 2946 

3456. imbricatum (Roxb.) ... 2944 

3457. lineare (Heyne.) 2959 

3158. Mannii (Rchb.) ... 2945 

3459. ovatum (Willd.) ... 2909 

3460. penduluvi (Sw.) ... 2945 

3461. prsemorsu/m (Rw.) ... 2970 

3462. tenuifolivm (Linal.) ... 2950 

3463. tessellatum (Wight) . .. 2949 

3464. tessellatum {Su.) 2963 

3465. tesselloides (Koxb.) ... 2963 

3466. triste (Roxbfe.) 2949 

3467. triste (Wight) 2950 

3468. Cyminosma Ankenda 

(Gsertn.) 388 

3469. pedunculata (D.C.) ... 388 
cccxlix. Cynanchnm {Linn.) dcxxvii 

3470. acuminatum (Thunb.) 1884 

3471. ahiium{W. 4- A.) ... 1888 

3472. angustifolium {W. & A.)... 1890 

3473. asthmaticu7n (Ham.) ... 1929 

3474. auricidatum (Ham.) .. 1890 

3475. hracteatum (ihunb.) ... J 911 

3476. Callialata (ffa7n.) ... 1890 

3477. cordifolium (Petz.) ... 1885 



234 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Cynanchum — cont. no. 

3478 icftmafM-m (Thunb.) ... 1885 

3479. extensum (Air.) ... 1885 

3480. Jiavens (Thunb.) 1911 

3481. Javum (Tlmnb.) ... 1916 

3482. irtconspicuum (Griff.) ... 1889 
34*^3. indicum (Herb. Burm.) ... 1916 

3484. Ipecacuanha (WiUd.) ... 1916 

3485. micranthum (Taaub.) ... 1912 
3i86. ? ovatum {Yhunh.) ... 1929 
3487. pauciflorum (Br.) ... 1889 
3188. reticuiatuvi (Retz.) ... 1929 
;^48P {bis.) tingens (Herli. 

Ham.) 1901 

3490. viridiftorum (Sims.) ... 1916 

3491. vomitorium (Lank.) ... 1916 

3492. Cynoctonum alatum (Dene.) 1888 
34.93. angustifoliwn (Dene.) ... 1890 

3494. Galhalata (Dene.) ... 1890 

3495. paueifor'u.m (Dene.) ... 1889 
cccl. CjDometra (Linn.) ... cccxlviii 

3496. Beddomei (i'razn.) .. 970 

3498. cauliflora(Xi7wi.) .. % 969 

3499. cauliflora (Wall.) ... 967 

3500. ramiflora {Linn.) .. 967 

3501. travaucorica (5edd ) ... 968 
cccli. Cyplioinandra {Mart.) dclxvii 

3502. betacea (Fendt.) 2093 

3503. Cyrtanthera magni/lca 

(Nees.) 2262 

3504. Pohliana (Nees.) ... 2262 

3505. Gystopteris odorata (Pr.) ... 3355 
cclii, Cytisus (Lmn.) ... cclxxxi 

3506. albus {Link.) ... ... 743 

3.'»07. alpinus (Laiuk.) .. ... 744 

3508. argenteus ([jirnoa.) 697 

3509. Caja?i (Linn.) .. .. 854 

3510. canariensis (.S^eitd.) .. 741 

3511. Labtt'Tniiyyi (Linn.) ... 744 

3512. peaduliforus (St.okes.) ... 744 

3513. pendulm (Salisb.) ... 744 

3514. Psewdo-m'/aw (.Jaoq.) ... Sot 

3515. scopirius (Liak.) ... 742 

3516. .sericeus {WHUd.) ... 768 

3517. spmosus (Steud.) ... 742 

3518. Zanoni {Tveus.) 697 



ccciiii. Daboecia {D. Don.) .,, dxl 

3519. cantahrica (0. Koch.) ... 1644 

3520f. polifolia (D. Don.) . 1644 

eccliv. Daedalacanthus {T. Anders.) dcci. 

3521. mor.tauus (T. Anders.) ... 2173 

3522. nervoRUS {T. Anders.) ... 2171 

3523. yoseuH {T. Anders.) ... 2172 
cccIy. Dsemia {Br.) doxxix 

352i. estensa (Br.) J885 

occlvi. Dseinunorops {Bl.) mviii 

3525. accedens (Blume) ... 3219 

3526. Draco {Blume) .*. ... 3219 

3527. fiBsas {Blume) 3218 

3528. Jenkiusianas (Afar*.) ... 3217 _ 



NO. Daemonorops — cont. 


NO. 


3529. 


melanolepis (Mart.) 


... 3213 


3530. 


nutantt/lorus (Mart.) 


... 3217 


35:-!i. 


palembanicus {Blume.) 


... 3220 


3532. 


plamosus {Hort. Bull.) 


... 3221 


3533. 


Bheedei (Mart.) ... 


... 3212 


3534, 


ruber (Marc.) 


... 3219 


ccclvii, Dalbsrgia (Linn, f.) 


cccxxiv 


3535. 


arborea (Heyne.) 


... 889 


3536, 


arborea (Willd,) 


... 899 


.3537. 


Blumei (Hassk.) 


... 886 


3538, 


Championi (Thw.) 


... 8»2 


3539- 


a cougesta {Orah.) 


... 885 


3539 


[bis.) eoroinandeiiana 






(Frain.) ... 


884 {bis.) 


3540. 


Growei (D.C.) ... 


... 901 


3541, 


emarginata (Roxb. ) 


,.. 885 


3542. 


ferruginea (Holien.) 


... 887 


3543. 


frondosa (Rosb.) 


889 


3544. 


Ga.rdneriana {Benth.) 


885 


3545. 


heterophylla (Willd.) 


... 9C2 


3546. 


hircina (Wall.) 


... 889 


3547 


horrida (Grah.) ... 


... 893 


3548. 


javanica (Miq.) ... 


... 881 


3549. 


Krovjec vRoxb.; ... 


901 


35.50. 


lanceolai-ia (i ink.) 


889 


3.551. 


latifolia (Koxb.) ... 


882 


3552. 


iruiaa (Wall.) 


... 886 


3553. 


oielanoxylon {Perr.) 


... 886 


3554, 


moncsperma {Dalz.) 


... 892 


3555, 


maltijuga (Grah.) 


... 8«6 


3566, 


ouyAnnnsis (Roxb.) 


.. 795 


35-57. 


pauiculata {Roxb.) 


891 


3558. 


paniculata vWail.) 


... 892 


35.^9- 


a P'indula (Tenore) 


... 880 


3560 


Pseudo-sissoo (Miq.) 


... 883 


3561. 


robusta (Roxb.) ... 


... 901 


3562. 


robusta (Wall.) ... 


... 889 


3563, 


rostrata (Grah.) 


... 883 


3564. 


rubigiuosa {Boxb.) 


^M 


3565. 


scandens (Roxb.) 


900 


35 iG. 


sissoides (Grali.) 


... 881 


3567. 


Sissoo {Boxb.) 


880 


3568. 


spinosa {Boxb.) ... 


893 


3569. 


Stocksii (.Benth.) ... 


886 


3570. 


sympatheica {Nimmo 


... 887 


3,571. 


tamarindifolia {Boxb.) 


... 888 


3572. 


timoriensis (D.(a) 


... 90(1 


3573. 


torta (Grah.) 


.„ 892 


3574. 


volubilis [Hoxb.) ... 


... 890 


3575. 


zeulanica (Roxb.) 


889 


(tcclv 


ii. Dalechampia \Linn.) 


dcccliii. 


3576. 


bidentata (Thw.)... 


... 2699 


i 3577. 


coro7nand,eliana (Heyne.) 2699 


j 3.-.78. 


indica, {ff'ight) ... 


... 2699 


j 3579. 


scandens (Kurz.j 


... 2700 


3580. 


ternata (Muell,) 


... 2699 


3581. 


vehif ina ( Wight) 


... 2700 


3582. 


Dalrympelia pomifera 


(Boxb.) 


3583. 


Dammara alba (Rnmpb.) 


2832 


3584. 


australis (Lamb.) 


... 2831 


3585. 


loranthijolia (Link) 


... 2832 


3586. 


orientalis (Lamb.) 


... i:832 


3587. 


robusta (C. Moore) 


... 2832 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



235 



No. Damnuiru — oont. No. 

3588. rubcncanlis {Oa,\r.) ... 2832 

3589. Kitrnp/in (Pers.) 2832 

ccclix. Damnacanfhue {(Jsertn) dxi. 

3590. indious (Gxrtn. f.) ... 1557 

3591. Daphne eriocephala\\Va.Vi.) 24:92 
ccclx. Dapliniphvlluuj .lU.) dcccxxv 

3592. gUiucosJoiis (,iii.) ... 2612 

3593. RoKburghii (Itaill.) ... 2612 
3503-a {bis.) Da.'<yavlus fubrns 

(Ihu.) 1688 (li.«.) 

XXXVIX. DATISCaCE^ LVJ 

ccclxi. Datura [Lirvn.) dclxxi 

3594. alba (Nees.) 2098 

35J^5. arborea (i/i'>m.) 2100 

3/;96. Candida {Siisiq. ) 2100 

3597. cornigera (Hk.) 2101 

3598. dubia {G. I ou.) ... ,2098-c 

3599. ■i'astuosa (Ltrm.) 2098 

3000. /oroa; (Nees.) 2097 

3601. Euvnnatu (Eernh.) ... 2098 

3602. Metel(iiw».) 20l-,9 

3603. Mettl {Roxh.) ... 2098 

3604. Nilhwmmatu (Dnnal) 2098-d 

3605. B-dugmiiea (Ruiz. ^ Pav.) 2102 

3606. .'ipecio.-^a (Salisb.) . 2100 

3607. Stramonium (Linn) ... 2097 
3008. 8uavtolens(£Z6/. .y\Bp.) ,. 2103 

3609. Tatula {\YU\d.) ... 2097-b 

3610. Wallichii (Dunal) 2097 

3611. Daubreto7iia punicea (D.C.) 778 
ccolxiii. Davallia (Smith) mliv 

3612. plat) phylla (Don.) .. 3^-32 

3613. 'poli.podioidcs (Y) ... 3333 

3614. speliincce (Bak.)... .. ,3333. 

3615. trichostica (?) . 3332 
ccclxiii. Debipgoa.sia (Gaud.) dc'clxxxiv 

3616. longifoha (Wedd.) ... 2768 

3617. velntiiia (Gaud.) .... 2778 
ccclxiv. Decalepis (W. ^ .4.) dcxvii 

3618. Hamiltonii(R^. <|^-^.) ... 1874 

3619. Dccaloha hijiora (Eoem.) ... 1354 

3620. dentata (lloem.) .. ... 1350 

3621. holosericea (Roem.) ... 1352 

3622. kerviesina (Koeni.) ., 1359 

3623. lu/nata (Roem.) ... 1354 

3624. obscura (Uoem.) ... 1351 

3625. Decaneuron d.endigulense 

(D.C.) 1601 

3626. divergens (D.C.) ... 1596 
ccolxv. Decaschistia ( W, ^ A.)... xcii 

3627. crotonifolia ( ^F. ^ J^.) ... 235 

3628. tA\uhh.ta, (Wight) ... 234 
ccclxvi. Dec'ispermnm (Forst.) ... cdxx 

3629. panicnlatum (Knrz.) ... 1226 
ccclx-vii. Deeringia (Br.)... ... dccli? 

3630. baccata(mq.) 2371 

3631. celosir)ides (Br.) 2371 

3632. indica (Retz.) ... ... 2371 

ccolxviii. Delima (Ltnn.) ... . in 

3633. hebecarpa (B.C.) ... 11 

3634. intermedia (Bl.) ... 11 

3635. sarmentosa (I?/n«.) ... 11 

3636. DeZonia; regjtt (Rafln.) ... 941 



XO. NO. 

ccclxix. Dendrobiiim (Sw,) ... cmxix 

3637. album (Wight) ... 2917 

3638. yfpieam (Lindl.) ... 2917 
3689. aur /Mm (Lindl.) ... 2216 
3640. barbat u lu m (i mcii.) ... 2910 
36»-l. barhatulum (Wight) ... 2909 

3642. chloiups (Lindi.) ... 2909 

3643. crcpidatum (Lindl.) ... 2918 

3644. crispum (Dalz.) ... 2905 

3645. cucullatum (Br.) ... 2916 

3646. ,/iliforme (Wight) 2934, 2935 

3647. Jimbriatum (Lindl.) ... 2904 

3648. Flabellum (Rchb. f.) ... 2904 

3649. oraminifolium (/Fty/it) ... 2908 

3650. hajmoglosauir (Thw.) . . 2912 

3651. ht-rbaceum (Lindl.) ... 2911 

3652. heterocarpum ( fFaiL) ... 2915 

3653. Heyneanura (Lindl.) ... 2907 

3654. humxle (Wight) ... 2905 

3655. Jerdonianum ( W't^ftt) ... 2913 

3656. Lawanum (Lindl.) ... 2918 

3657. Macraei (Lmofi.) ... 2904 

3658. macrostachyum (Lindl.) 2914 

3659. microbulbon (A. Rich.) .. 2905 

3660. microchilos (Ua,h.) ... 2934 

3661. iiannm (Hk.f.) ... 2906 

3662. nodosam (Dalz.) ... 2904 

3663. Pierardi (Boxb.) ... 2916 

3664. Rabani (Liudl.) ... 2902 

3665. ramosissimwni (Wight.) .. 2911 

3666. rhombeum (Lindl.) ... 2915 
ccclxx. Deudrocalamufi (Nees.) ... mxlvi 

3667. Brand isii (iTwrz.) ... 3315 

3668. giganteus (Munro.) ... 3313 

3669. Hamiltonii (Nees. ^. Am.) 3312 

3670. longispathiis (Kurz.) ... 33i4 

3671. ynonadelphus (Thw.) ... 3306 

3672. 8,ikkimensis [Gamble.) ... 3311 

3673. strictus (Nee-'t.) ... S310 

3674. T«,i(£a (Voigt.) 3301 

3675. Dendrochilum roseum 

(Dalz.) 2918 

3676. Dendrocnide crenulata 

(Miq.) 2767 

3677. Dendrolobium Cephalotes 

(Bonth.) 797 

3678. umbellatum (Benth.) ... 796 
ccclxxi. Derris (Lour.) cccxxvii 

3679. brevipes (Baker) ... 904 

3680. canarensis (Baker) ... 908 

3681. eualata (EedfZ.)... ... 905 

3682. Heyneana (Benth.) ... 906 

3683. oblongrt (Benth.) ... 903 

3684. ovalifolia (Benth.) ... 909 

3685. pinnata (Lcnr.) ... 886 

3686. platyptera (Ba/ber.) ... 907 

3687. robnsta (Benth.) .. 901 

3688. scandeus 'Benth.) ... 900 

3689. ulUAnosa, (Benth.) ... 902 

3690. Wightii (Baker.) ... 910 

3691. Beamanthijbs cinereus 

(WiUd.) 1008 

3692. D?aynazeria uniooides (Defl.) 3293 



236 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. NO. 

3693. Desmocarpus m-issioms 

(Wall.) 102 

ccclxxii. Desmoclium {Desv.) ... ccciv. 

3G94. abyssinicum (D.C.) ... 804 

3695. alatum (D.C.) . 801 

3696. angulatum (Wall.) .. 808 
3ii97. auriculatum (D.C.) ... 801 

3698. australe {RasBk.) ... 797 

3699. biarticulatum {Benth.) ... 800 

3700. Bu-rgeri (Miq.) ... 808 

3701. ca^Vwm (E. & Z.) ... 804 

3702. cephalotes (Wall.) ,. 797 

3703. coZimwm (Wall.) ... 806 

3704. congestum (Wall.) ... 797 

3705. dasvphylluvi (Miq.) .. 794 

3706. diffusu,m(D.C.) ... 803 

3707. distans (Roylp.) ... 808-6 

3708. ferrugineum (Wall.) 807 

3709. gaiigeticum {D.C.) ... 805 

3710. gyrans (D.C.) ... ... 809 

3711. gi/ro?(ifs(Hassk.) ... 808 

3712. heterocar'pwm (Yi.G.) ... 808 

3713. /itrswifM,m f Mart. & Gal.) 7966 

3714. HorsfeldAi (Miq.) 794 

3715. la.'iiocar'pv.rii {Y) .Vj .) 80G 

3716. latifoliiim (D.C.) 806 

3717. latifoliwn (\Yi^lit) ... 805 

3718. laxiflorura (B.C.) ... 803 

3719. leptostachyum (WslIL) ... 803 
3720 Leschenaultii (D.C.) ... 790 

3721. lineatum (Span.) ... 797 

3722. nervosum (Vogel.) ... 808 

3723. ormocarpoides (D.C.) ... 802 

3724. ovalifvlium {WaW.) ... 808 

3725. patens (Wight) ... 808 

3726. poljcarpum {D.C.) .. 808 

3727. Pseudn-triquetrum (D.C.) 801 

3728. pulchellum {Benth.) ... 799 

3729. punctatum (D.C.) ... 869 
^5730. recurvatuvi (Grab.) ... 803 

3731. repandum {D.C,.) . 804 

3732. retu.sum (G, Don,) ... 808 

3733. Bottleri (G. Don.) ... 803 

3734. rufeBcens (D G.) ... 807 

3735. Soalpe {D.C.) ... 804 

3736. Schimperi (Hochst.) ... 804 

3737. sericatum. (Presl.) ... 797 

3738. serpens (Wall.) ... 808-* 

3739. siUquosuvi (D.C.) ... 808 

3740. strangulatnm{\N. h. A.) .. 804 

3741. sulcatum (Wall.) ... 80:^ 

3742. trichocaulon (D.C.) ... 808-6 

3743. trichocaulon {RsiSHk.) ... 804 

3744. triquetram (D.C.) ... SOI 

3745. umb-IIatam {D.C.) ... 796 

3746. virgatum (ZoUing.) ... 806 

3747. viscidum (D.C.) ... 790 

3748. Desmostemon zeylanicus 

(Thw.) 2647 

3749. Desmotrichum flmhriatum 

(Bl.) ' 2904 

colxxiii. Deutzia {Thunb.) ... cccxc 

3750. canescens (Koch.) ... 1124 



NO. Deutzia— cowt. 

3751. crenata (Sieb.) ... 

3752. dentata (Kooh.) 

3753. Fortunci (Carr.) 

3754. scabra {Thunb.) 
occlxxiv. nialium {Linn.) . 

3755. cororaanclelianum 

{van Bout.) 

3756. coromandelianuvi 

(Gamble.) 

3757. travancoricnm {Bourd.) 

3758. Dicerma biarticulatum 

(D.C) 
3758 {bis.) pulchellum (D.C) 

3759. Dichasium patentissimum 

{ Braun.) 

3760. Dichelactina {Dichelas- 

tina) nodicaulis 

(Hance.) ... »... 

ecclxxv. Dichopsis {Thw.) 

3761. Bourdilloni {Bourd.) ... 

3762. elliptica (J^eni/i.) 

3763. D^chorexia gigantea 

(Presl.) 

ioclxxvi. Bichro.stachys {D.C.) ... 

3764. cinerea ( IF. <^ yl.) 

3765. Dicksonia jlaccidM (R. Br.) 

3766. Diclisodon deparioides 

(Moore) ' 

3767. Dicranacanthus buxifolius 

(Cerst) 

3768. Spina-ceylanica (Oerst.) 

3769. Dictyocarpus trim,catus 

(Wignt) 

"icclxxvii. Dictj'osperiiia 
(H. Wendl ) 

3770. album {H. Wendl.) 

3771. aureuiu {H. Wendl.) 
'i112. rubrum {H. Wendl.) 
ccclxxviii. Lieffenbachia {Sch.) . 

3773. Baraquiniana (Versch.).. 

3774. Bausei (Regel.) 

3775. Bowmanni (V'eir.oh.) 
3775. eburnea (Hort.) 

3777. Jenmauni {Veitch.) 

3778. lineata (C. Koch.) 

3779. magaitica {Linden.) 

3780. marmo7-ata (Iforfc.) 

3781. nobilis (Hoit. Bull.) 

3782. picta {Schott.) 

3783. princeps {Roi-t.) .. 

3784. Regina (Hort.) .. 

3785. irea; (Hort.) 

3786. beguine {Schott.) 

3787. Shuttleworthiana 

(Kegel) 

3788. Shutileworthii 

(Sphalm.) 

3789. spectabilis ... 
ccclxxix. Diervilla {Linn.) 

3790. amabiUs (Carr.) 

3791. florida {Sieb. f Zuc.) ., 

3792. pauciflora (Carr.) 

3793. versicolor (Sieb. & Zuc.) 



NO. 

.. 1124 
.. 1124 
.. 1124 
.. 1124 
cccxlix 

.. 972 

.. 973 
973 

.. 800 

.. 799 

..3364-0 



25.58 
dlviii 
1685 
1684 

3328 

ccclxii 

1008 

3333 

3361 

2227 
2228 

213 
mlxxiv 

3129 

3128 

3127 
mxsv 
3264-b 
3265-6 
3264-3 
3285-c 

3267 
3264-c 

3268 
3265-d 
3264-d 

3265 
3224-5 
3264-/ 
3264-e 

326li 

3265-e 

3265.e 

3264.g 
cdlxxv 
1430 
1430 
1430 
1430 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



237 



NO. NO. 

3794. Digrammaria escuUnta 

(Fee.) 3346 

3795. Dilivaria ilicifolia 

(Nees.) .. 2223 

coclxxx. Dillenia (Linn.) ... ... v 

3796. auyuita (Ixoxb.) .. 15 

3797. bracteata (IfH/ZiO ... 14 
37t'8. ellipUca (Thunb.) 13 

3799. indica (y,m«.) 13 

3800. peiitagyna (Roxb.) ... 15 

3801. pilosa (Roxb.) 15 

3802. repanda (Ro.xb.) ... 14 

3803. speciosa (Thunb.) 13 
.XXX7II. DILLENIACE.E. ... II 
ccclxxxi. Diit'f carpus (Lour.) ccxlviii 

3804. crimta (Lour.) 638 

3805. Lichi (Lour.) .639 

3806. Longan (Lour.) ' 640 

3807. pupiUa (Moon.) 640 

3808. xmduiatus (Wight) 640 
ccclxxxii. Dimorjjhocalyx (T/iic.) dcccxli 

3809. glabellas (Thw.) ... 2G53 

3810. fflahelhis (Bedd.) ... 2Bo4 

3811. Lawianns (HA-. /.) ... 2654 

3812. Dinebra verticillata 

(Wight.) 3292 

3813. Dinetus panictilatus 

(Sweet.) 
3813-1. raeeynosus (Sweet.) 

3814. Dioecia pentandra (Wall.) 



coclxxsiii. Dioscorea {Linn.) 

3815. aculeata {Lin7i.) 

3816. aculeata (Roxb.; 

3817. acuhaa (Wight) 

3818. acutangula (Ham.) 

3819. alaa (linn.) 

3820. alata (Griseb.) 

3821. alti.ssima (Roxb.) 

3822. awcpiin (Roxb.) 

3823. anguina {Roxh.) 

3824. atro;jurpurea ijioxh.) 

3825. Bi.sontaca CHam.) 

3826. bulbifera (linn.) 

3827. hulhijWa (Br.) ... 

3828. Cerubulium (Ham.) 

3829. Clifortiana (Lam.) 

3830. coriacea (Wight) 

3831. crepitans (Ham.) 
3831 (5is.) crispata (Roxb.) 

3832. cymosula (Hemsl.) 

3833. dsemona {Roxb.) 

3834. decemanjularis (Ham.) 

3835. Devipata (Ham.) 
1836. digitata {^im.) ... 

3837. echinata (Ham.) ... 

3838. fascicnlata (Roxb.) 

3839. glabra {Roxb.) 

3840. glabra (Wall.) 

3841. globosa {Roxb.) ... 

3842. Hamiltoni (ffJr./.) 

3843. heterophylla (Roxb.) 

3844. hirsuta (Dennst.) 

3845. Hurchusia (Ham.) 



2057 

2059 

496 

cmlix 

3069 
... 3059 
. . . 3066 
... 30G8 
... 3068 
... 3066 

3055 
.. 3055 
... 3U63 
... 3070 
... 3068 
... 3071 
... 3067 
... 3059 
... 3067 
... 3062 
... 3064 
3066 {bis.) 
... 3059 



.NO. Dioscorea — cont. no 

3846. incra^sata (Ham.) ... 3066 

Jacquetiiontii (i//c./.) 30."j8 

japonicu (Hb. Madr.) ... 3068 

Xi» iniana (Kunth.) ... 3057 

lan'ita (Balf.) ... 3052 

lanceolat'i (Ueyne) ... 3062 

lumita (.Roth.) ... ... 3057 

^ numn.ularia (VVilld.) ... 3(165 

octangularis {llaLia.) 3068 

oppositifolia {Linn.) 3062 

ovata (Ham.) 3066 

pentaphylla (f mil.) ... . .3057 

P"lchella (Roxb.) ... 3067 

purpurea {Roxb.) ... 3074 

sagittata {Royle.) ... 3064 

sativa (imn.) 3oe7 

sativa (Hb. Madr.) ... 3065 

spicata 'Roth.) 3061 

spinosa {Roxb.) .3059 

spinosa (Wall.) .3064 

tilicufolia (Kunth.) ... 3059 

tomentosa {Heyne) ... 3056 

trinervia (Roxb.) 3055, 3062 

triphylla (Ham.) ... 3055 

triphylla (Linn.) ... 3057 

triphylla (Rnsf'.) .3o56 

Tunga (Ham.) .3067 

versicolor (Ham.'i ... 3067 

Wailichii (Hfe. /.) ... 2065 

Wightii {Hk.f.- 3060 

XXXVIIl. DIOSCOREACE/E CXVII 

ccclsxxiv. Diospjros (imrt. . .. dlxii 

3876. affinis {Thv:.) ' ..[ 1719 

Arnottmna {'M.iq.) ... J717 

assimilis (Bedc?.i ... 1708 

braceata (Roxb.) ... 1699 

Bourdilloni (Brad!.) ... 172! 

buxifolia (Hiern.) ' ... 1710 

caarica (Bedd.) .. I717 

Candolleana {Wight) ... I717 

apituaa (Wight) ... 1711 

chinensis B\.) ... 1701 

Chloroxylon [Roxb.) ... 1711 
corifolia (Roxb.) ... 1699- b 

costata (Carr.) ... I7OI 

crumenata (T7i«-.) ... 1720 

dubia (Wall.) ... 1715 

Ebenaster (Roxb.) ... 1707 

Ebenum {Krerig.) ... 1707 

Ebenum (Hiern.) ... 1708 

Embryopteris {Fers.) 1702 
exsculpta (Bedd.) .. 1715-6 

execulpta {Dalz. & Gihs.) 1713 

exsculpta (Ham.) ... 1714 

foliolosa {Wall.) ... 1705 

glutmosa (Keen.) ... 1702 

Goindu (Dalz.) ... 1699 

heterophylla (Wall.) ... I699 

hirsuta (Hiern.) ... 1717 

insculpta (Ham.) I714 

insignia (T/tu-.) ... 17]^ 

Kaki {Linn.) ... 1701 

Kanjilali {Duthi) ... 1700 



3847. 
3848. 
3849. 
3850. 
3851. 
3ooZ. 
35^53. 
3854. 
3855. 
3856. 
3'557. 
3858. 
3o59. 
3860. 
3861. 
3Sri2. 
3863. 
3864. 
:^s6o. 
3866. 
3867. 
386S. 
3869. 
3870. 
3871. 
3872. 
3o73 
3874. 
3875. 



3877. 
3878. 
3879. 

3S8LI. 

3661. 

3882. 
o8S3. 
388!. 
3885. 
3886. 
3887. 
3888. 
3889. 
3890. 
3891. 
5 hi' 2. 
3893. 
3894. 
3895. 
3!596. 
3897. 
3898. 
3899. 
3900. 
3901. 
3902. 
3903. 
3904. 
3905. 
3906. 



238 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



Diospyros —cont. 

anceolata (Wall.) 

melanoxylon {Eoxh.) 

melanoxijlo'n (Hiern} 

microphylla (Bedd.) 

montana {IioxhJ\ 

(Neyarum.) (S'm. 

BTamd.) 

nigricans (Dalz.) 

nilagivica (BedfZ.) 

oligandra (Bedd.) 

oocarpa (Thiv.) 

orixensis (TT^?g/ii) 

ovalifolia (Wight) 

paniculita {Dalz.) 

pruriens (Dalz.) 

racemosa (Boxb.) 

ramtjfora (Bed.) 

Roxhurghii (Carr.) 

Roylei (Wall.) 

rtihiginosa (tioth.) 

rugosiila (Hr.) 
3926 (his.) Sapota (Roxb.) 1708 

3927. Sc/ii- Tse (Bunge) 

striata (Roxb.) 

sulcata (Bourd.) 

sylvatioa (Roa;b.) 

sijlvatica (Wall.) 

tompntosa (Roa;&.) 

tomentosa (Lamk.) 

Toposia (Ham.) ... 

? travancorica (Brand. 2nd. 
Trees No. 41.) 

Tnpru (Ham.) 

accinioides (Wall.) 

Waldcmarii (Klotz.) 

WigJitiana (Wall.) 
colxxxv. Diotacantlms (Benth.) 

3940. albiflovus (Benth.) 

3941. gran -lis (Benth.) 

3942. Vipetalum biloculare (Dalz.) 
394.3. Diplacus arachnoid.evs 

(Groenl.) 
aurantiacu.^ (G . Don.) 
glutinonus (Mett ) 
granditiorus (Groenl.) 
longiflorus (Metfc.) 
'puniceus (Mett.) .. S 

splendidus (Viiscli.) 
Diplayiuyn acuminatum 

(Sm.) 

asperum (Mett. & Bl.) ... 
dilatatum (Blame.) 
elatum (Mett.) 
latifolium (iMoore) 
malabiricum (Si^reng.) 
nigro-paleacenm (Kuntze.) 
polyp jjiioide.'f (Mett.) 
sylvaticum (Pren\.) 
.ooclxxxvi. DiplDaentimixi (Lindl.). 

3959. CO ngeMnm (Wight) 

3960. longifoUitm (Wi^ht) 

3961. recarvum (Lindl.) 

3962. Diploctisia inclyta (Miers) 



NO. 

3907. 
3908. 
3909. 
3910. 
3911. 
3912. 

3913. 
3914. 
3915. 
3916. 
3917. 
3918. 
3919. 
3920. 
.3921. 
3922. 
3923. 
3924. 
3925. 
3f26. 



392-^. 
3929. 
3930. 
3931. 
3932. 
3933. 
3934. 
3935. 

3936. 
3937. 
3938. 
3939. 



3944. 
3945, 
3946. 
3947. 
3948. 
3949. 
3950. 

3951. 
3952. 
.3953. 
3954. 
3955. 
3956. 
3957. 
3958. 



>70. 


NO. 


Diploctisia inclyta — oont- 


1704 


.3963. 


lepida (Miers.) 


1715 


3964. 


macrocarpa ( AI iei's) 


1713 


3965. 


pictinerivs ( W iers) 


1710 


3966. 


Diplomorpha '' viridi- 


1699 




Jiora (C.A. Me v.) 




ccclxxxvii. Diplospora (D.C) 


1698 


3967. 


apiocarpa (HA-. /.) 


1708 


3068. 


spha'i'ootirpa (Kk. /.) 


1718 


XXXIX. DIPTPlROOAliPACEE. 


1717 


ccclxxxviii. Dipterocarpos (Gxrtn.) 


1712 


3969. 


alatus (Roa;b.) 


1723 


3970. 


Bourdilloni (Brand.) 


1706 


3971. 


costatus (Roxb.) 


1722 


3972. 


gonopterus (Turcz.) 


1697 


3973. 


icdious (Bedd.) ... 


1704 


3974. 


Discospermum. apiocarpum 


1721 




(Bedd.) 


1701 


3975, 


sphcerocnrpum (Dalz.) 


1714 


3976. 


Diuroglossum rufescens 


1713 




(Torcz.) ... 


1699 


ccolxxxix. Dobera (Juss.) 


(bis-) 


3977. 


coriacea (A. !>c.) 


1701 


3978. 


glabra (A. Do.) 


1723 


3979. 


Roxburghii (Planch,).,. 


1703 


cccxc 


Dodongea (Linn) 


170:^ 


398C, 


angusfifolia (hmn.i.) 


1699 


3981. 


arabica (Hochst. & Steud.) 


17 M 


398,?. 


Burvianniana (D.C.) 


1711 


3983. 


dioica (Roxb.) 


]7<'4 


3984. 


heterophijlla (Hovt.) 




3985. 


microcarpa (D.C.) 


1724 


3986. 


pallida (Miq.) 


1713 


3987. 


pentandra (Griff.) 


1715 


3988. 


spathtdata (Sm.) 


1699 


3989. 


viscosa (Linn.) 


1715 


39i^0. 


Wightiana (Bl.) 


dccxi 


3991. 


^olichandra Kohaut^ana 


2255 




(Presl.) 


2254 


cccxci. 


Dolichanflrone (Seevi.) dc 


387 


3992. 


arcuata (Clarke.)... 




3993. 


crispa (Seejn.) 


2116 


3994. 


falcata (Seem.) 


2116 


3995. 


Lawii (Seem.) 


2116 


3996. 


Rheedi (Seem.) ... 


2116 


3997. 


serrulata (Seem.) 


2i.I6 


cccxcii 


Dolichos (Linn.) ( 


116-7. 


3998. 


harbatus (Wall.) 


2116 


3999. 


blandus (Grab.) 




4000. 


bracteatus (Baker) 


3344 


4001. 


ciliafcus (Klein.) 


3345 


4002. 


crassus (Grab.) 


3344 


4003. 


ensiformis (Linn.) 


3344 


♦ 4004. 


falcatus (Klein.) 


3344 


4005. 


giganteus (Willd.) 


3346 


4006. 


gladiatus (Jacq.) 


3345 


4007. 


ijlutinoiiua (Roxb.) 


3345 


4008. 


macrodon (Grab.) 


3347 


4009. 


ohcordatus (Roxb.) 


onaxl 


4010. 


ornatus (Wall.) 


2279 


4011. 


pilosus (Roxb.) 


2978 


4012. 


prostratus (Koon.) 


2978 


4013. 


pruriens (Linn.) 


85 


4014. 


reticulatus (Ham.) 



NO. 

85 
85 

«5 
2941 

II 

1514 

1515 

XVIII 

Ixxx 

1P7 

198 

197 

197 

196 

1514 
1515 

304 
dlxxx 

1798 
1798 
1798 

CCLI. 

4013 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 
649 

2141 

dclxxxiv 

2135 

2132 

2133 

2134 

2131 

2134 

cccx^fii 

853 

849 

842 

843 

849 

883 

844 

845 

830 

866 

866 

831 

853 

837 

843 

816 

846 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



239 



NO. Dolichos — cent. no. 

4U15. rotuudifolias (Koxb.) ... 831 

401G. tomentosus (Hot.li.) ... 8G7 

4017. tnLobatHX (WixW.) ... H44 

4018. wosMs (Roxb.) .. H30-a 
cocxciii. Dombeya (Cav.) cix. 

4019. :vcuttmoula{C«t'.) 294 

402U. 07(91/ iata (Cav.) 294 

4U21. cordi folia (Cav.) 294 

4022. Tiahaleusis (Sowrf.) ... 293 

4023. palmaia (Cav.) 294 

4024 tUicBfolia (Cav.) 294 

4U25. VVallichi'i (Stt.) 295 

cccxciv. DoTObf^a (J.amb.) .. cpvii 

402G. araucaria (Uaeusch.) ... 2h38 

chilensis (Lamb.) ... ... 2838 

excelsa (Lnirb.) ... 2838 

Donax acuminatus (Prr i.) -3289 

Tnauritanicns (Beauv.) ... 3289 

Plinii (C. Koch.) ... 3289 

versicolor {BesLUx.) ... 3287 

4038. Dondista Lcscheiiatdtii {\j.(j.) 1526 
4034. Dcnia punicea (G. UoT\.)... 761 

Doodid crinita (Roxb.) ... 792 

hamnsa (Roxb.) .. 794 

liitjopodioides (Roxb.) ... 793 

picta (Roxb.) 791 

cccxcv. Doritis {Lindl.) . . cmxxxi 

4039. Wightii (Bentt.) 2952 

4040. Doronicum Candcllranum 

(W.&A.) 

4041. rupestre {Wight) .. 

4042. Doxandra adunca (Miers) 

4043. cheliphora {'Miers) 

4044. mexicana { "'i iers) . . . 

4045. radicans (Miers) ... 

4046. unguiculata (Miers) 

4047. unffutg {Miers) 



4027. 
4028. 
4029. 
4030. 
4031. 
4032. 



403.5. 
4036. 
4C137. 
4038. 



cccxovi. Drac.iena {Linn.) ... 

4048. alba (Hort.) 

4049. albicans (Hort.) ... 

4050. amabilis (Hort.) .. 

4051. angustifolia {Roxb.) 

4052. austraUs (Hort.) 

4053. Baptistii {Hort.) ... 

4054. Bausei (Hort.) 

4055. Dracc {linn.) 
4056. 
4057. 
4058. 
4059. 
4060. 
4061. 

4062. 

4003. 
4064. 
4065. 
4066. 
4067. 
4068. 
4069. 
4070. 



III. 



Eckhalltei (Hort.)... 
efisifolia (Wall.) ... 
ferrea (Linn.) 
fragrans {K. Gatd.) 
Gaijii (Hort.) 
GodseHiana {Hort. Rev. 

Hort.) 

Goldieana {Hort 

Hort.) 
Hendersovu {Hoit.) 
Heyneana (VVall.) 
Hookeriana (C Koch.) 
Hoslcinsse (Hort.)... 
imperialia (Hort.) 
Imperator (Hort.) 
Jamesii (Hort.) ... 
latifolia (RegeJ) 



1626 
.. 1626 
2141 
.. 2141 
.. 2141 
.. 2141 
.. 2141 
.. 2141 

cmlxiv 
..3107-a 
..3107-5 
. 3108 
. 3098 
. 3109 
. 3110 

3107-c 
. 3099 
..3107-d 
. 3098 
.:U07-e 
. 3100 
. 3107-/ 

. 3101 

. 3102 
. 3112 

.3097-6 
. 3103 

3107-71 

3107-j? 
. 310.5-; 
.3107-ft 

3103-6 



•NO. Draco — cont. no. 

4071. margiiifitH (ryawifc.} ... 3104 

4072. metallica (Hort.) .. 3l07-i 

4073. nigricans (Ifort.) ... 3107-wi 

4074. Rp<jin9e (Hort.) 3107-« 

4075. Rijbin.witiana{Tinrt.) .. 3107-0 

4076. Simd.-riana (Hort Sand.) 3105 

4077. Shepherdi (Hort.) ..3107-^ 
•1078. .'^tricta (Hort.) .; ... 3111 

4079. terviinalis (Willd.) ... 3107 

4080. terminalia (Jncq.) .. 3107-e 

4081. terminalis (Wight) ...3097-b 
-1082. ternifora (Wall.) ... 3097 
4080. ternifolia {Kmz.) 3097 

4084. Turners (Hort.) 3107-/ 

4085. nmbraculifera (Jncci.) ... 3106 
cccxcvii.Dregea {E. Mey) dcxxxv 

4086. volubilis {Benth.) ... I'.'IS 

4087. Dn/naria ritula (Sm.) ... 3377 
4087 {bii') qtiercijolia (Linn.) 3372 {his.) 

4088. Drijpetes bengalensis 

(Sprt'ne.) 259 

4089. Dryptopetlw) I membra- 

ncceum (Mi<|.) ... ... 1142 

4090. Duchassaingia caffra 

(Walp.) 824 

4091. glauca (Wain.) ... 825 

4092. Ducond'CBa capensi.< (Bnr.) 2124 

4093. Dwhameha patens (Pers.) 1489 
40y4 sphserocarpa (Pers.) 1490 
cccxcviii. Dcnbarin {W.S^A-) cccxx 

4095. larhata (Btnth.) ... 853 

4096. calycma (.Miq.) ... 853 

4097. ferruirinea {W.^-A.) ... 855 
• 4098. Hevnei {W cj- -4.) 546 

4099. Hors^eldii {SUq.) ... 889 

4100. latifolia (W. & A.) ^ ... 855 
4Hil. nblonga {,\rn.) "^ ... 856 
cccxcix- L'liranta (Linn.) dccxxvii 

4102. angustifolia (Salisb.) ... 2303 

4103. dentata (Sieh.) ... .. 2302 

4104. Ellisiei (Jacq.) 2303 

llfi5. iriermis {Liun.) 2302 

4106. latifolia (Salisb.) :':303 

4:07. microphylla {WiWa.) ... 2303 

4108. Plumieri {.lacq.) ... 2303 
cd. Dcrio {Linn.) ... ... ci 

4109. zeylanicus (Gardii.) ... 262 
4110 zibethinus {D.C.) ... 263 
cdi. Duvana (Knuth.) ... ... cclvi 

4111. Dyschoriste litto-alis{'Nee3.^ 2169 
4] 12. Dysodidendron ceulanicum 

i'Gardn.) ... ' ... 1590 

4113. glomeratum {Gardn.) ... 1588 

4114 Wightii (Gardn.) 1590 

cdii. Dyso.^onia (Roem) .. cdxlvii 

cdiii. Dygoxylura (£2. cixxxi 

4115. Beddomei {Hiern.^ .. 45y 

4116. binectariferuni \Ek.f.) 456 

4117. glandulosum (Talb.) ... 458 

4118. macrocarpum (Thv*'.) ... 456 

4119. malabaricnm (iedd.) ... 453 

4120. purpureum {Bourd.) ... 457 



240 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. E xo. 

XL. EBENACE^ LXX 

cdiv. 'Eoboliura { Kurz.] ... ccxvid 

4121. Lmna3aDum (Z'urz.') ... 2269 

cdv. Ecci-eniocarpus {Ruiz. Sf~ fav.) 

dclxxxix 



4122. scaber [Buiz ^ Pav.) 

4123. .^epium {Bert.^ 

4124. Echites acuminata (Roxb.) 

4125. antidysenterica (Roxbj. 

4126. apoxys [Yoigt.) 

4127. hracteata (Heyne) 

4128. caryophvllata (WaU. 

4129. conferta\W all) ... 
4130- coriacea ^ Eeyne) 

4131. cor iacea (Wall) 

4132. ? criatata (Roth.) 

4133. cuspidata (Heyne) 

4134. cymosa (Wall.) 

4135. dichotoma (Roth.) 

4136. dichotoma (Roxb.) 

4137. elegans (Wall.) 

4138. ? esculent a (Wall.) 

4139. frutescens (Wall.) 

4140. grandijlora (Roxb.) 

4141. grandis (Wall.) ... 

4142. Heynei (Spreng.) 

4143. hircosa (Roxb.) ... 

4144. .'' lucida (0. Don.) 

4145. .'' macrantha (Spreng.) 

4146. macrocarpa (Wall.) 

4147. macrophylla (Roxb.) 

4148. mamcbriata (Wall.) 

4149. marginata (Roxb.) 

4150. Paia (Ham.) 

4151. paniculata' {Hoxb.) 

4152. parvijlora (Roxb.) 

4153. parviflora .Rotfcl.) 

4154. polyant'ha{'Wa\\.) 

4155. reticulata iBoj.) 

4156. reticulata (Roth.) 
4157- scholaris (Linn.) 

4158. suherectum (Jacq.) 

4159. venenata (Roxb.) 

4160. Edwardsia madras- 

patana (_ Wight.) 

cdvi. Ehrctia (Ltnn.) 

4161. affimis (Wall.) 

4162. aspera (Roxb.) 

4163. bnxifolia {Roxh.) ... 

4164. canarensis (Mi(j.) 

4165. Championi 
& Gardn.) 

cuneata (Wight) 
dichotoma (Eottl.) 
glabra (Roth.) 



4166. 
4167. 
4168. 
4169. 
4170. 
4171. 
4172. 
4173. 
4174. 
4175. 
4176. 



... 2147 

... 2147 
1859 

... 1833 

... 1859 
... 1861-c 

... Ih60 
.. 1861-6 

.. 1868 

... i864 

... 1859 

... 1867 
... 1861-a 

... 1860 

... 1839 
...lS61-e 

,. 18.50 

... 1865 

... 1851 

... 1858 

... 1860 

... 1840 

... 1850 

... 1858 

... 18.59 

... 1858 

... 1864 

... 1859 

... 1829 

... 1864 

... 1862 

... 1869 

... 1865 

... 1859 

... 1867 

... 1829 

... 1857 

... 1830 

913, 915 
.. ... deli 

1980 

198-d 

1983 

...i980-c 
(Wight. 

1980-e 

.. 1984 
... 1980 

1968 

heterophylla (Spreng.) 1983 
Heynii (R. & .>.) ...1982-d 

Isevis (Roxh.) ... ... 1980 

lanceolata^Reyne.) ... 1822 
microphylla (Lanik.) ... 1983 
ovali{olia(lF?3/i<) ... ipgl 

pubescens Benth.) ...1980-6 

pvmctata (Roxb.) ... 1980 



xo. 

4177. 
4r/8. 
4179. 
4180. 
4181. 



Ehretia — cont. 

toraentosa fRoth.) 
i)r//ii«ea (Wall. I ... 
Wightiana ( Wall.') 
Ekehergta indica (Koxb.) 
? integerrima (Wall.) 
XL J. ELvEAGNACE^. 
cdvii. Elseagnus (Linn.) 
4182. angustifolia (ii««.) 
arborea (Roxb.) 
armata (Ham.) 
conferta (Roxb.) .. 
elliptica (Heyne.) 
Jerruginea (A. Rich.) 
hortends (M. Bieb.) 
Kologa (Schl.) 
latifolia {Linn.) ... 
Moorcroftii (Wall.) 
orientalis (Linn.) 
Simoni (Hort.) 
Thwaitesii (Schl.) 
Wallichtana (Sclil.) 

Elapis (Jacq.) 

guineensis (.Jacq.) 

EiEeocarpus {Linn.) 
adenophyllus (^Vall) 
amoenns {Thiv.) 
? angustifolius {Wh 
aristatus (Roxh.) 
cuneatus (Wight) 
ferriiginens (Steud.) 
Ganitrus {Roxb.) 
glandulosus (Wall.) 
integnfolius (Lamk.) 
? lactmosus (Wall.) 
lanceaefolius (Roxb.) 
Munroii (3/asi.) ... 
oblongns (Gartn.) 
Perimkara (D.C.^ 
Pirincara (Wall.) 
rugosns (Roxb.) ... 
rugosus (Wall.) 
serratns (Linn.) ... 
seiratus (Heyne) 
seriatus (Roxb.) ... 
serrulatus (Koxb.) 
tuberculatns (Roxb.) 
vennstus {Bedd.) 

Elseodendron {Jacq. f.) 



ht). 



4183. 
4184. 
4185. 
4186. 
4187. 
4188. 
4189. 
4190. 
4191. 
4192. 
4193. 
4194. 
4195 
cdviii. 
4196. 
cdix. 
4197. 
4198. 
4199. 
4200. 

4201. 

4202. 

4203. 

4204. 

4205. 

4206. 

4207. 

4208. 

4209. 

4210. 

4211. 

4212. 

4213. 

4214. 

4215. 

4216. 

4217. 

4218. 

4219. 

cdx. 

4220. glancnm {Pers.) 

4221. tndicum {GcKrtn.) ... 545 

4222. nilghirense (Wall.) ... 528 

4223. orientale {.Jacq.) 545 

4224. oa;i/odowi(Tarcz.) ... ... 544 

4225. paniculatum {W. & A.) ... 544 

4226. pyramidale {Salish.) 545 

4227. I^oxhurghii (W. & A.) ... 344 

4228. Elate si/lv.'<etris {(.inn) 3163, 3164 

4229. Elatostema — Icevigatum 

(Has3k.) 2769 

4230. Wightianum (Wedd.) ... 2769 
cdxi Elettaria( J/a/on) cmxlviii 

4231. cannsecarpa (Wight) ... 2992 

4232. cardamomum {Maton) ... 3004 



NO. 

1980.d 
1982 
1984 
455 
455 
XGIX 
dccxcviii 
... 2493 
... 2494 
... 2494 
. . . 2494 
... 2494 
... 2494 
... 2493 
.. 2493 
2494 
... 2494 
... 2492 
... 2493 
... 2494 
... 2494 
. . . mxvi 
... 3236 
. . . cxxiii 
... 338 
33» 
338 
341 
.. 336-6 
344 
335 
338 
336 
336 
.. 337 
.. 345 
338 
338 
.. 336 
.. 342 
340, 341 
336 
338 
336 
340 
340 
343 
.. ccxxi 
544 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



241 



NO. NO. 

cdxii, Ellertonia (Wight ) dlxxxix 

4233. Rheedii ( IFiy/iO 1828 

cdxiii. EUipanthus [Ilk. f.) colxxiv 

4234. Thwaifcesii (/Ifc. /.) ... (JOG 

4235. ElshoHzia oppositeifolia (Poir.) 2348 



cdxiv. Embelia (Burvi.) 



4236. adnata (7]«d'V.) 

4237. BatiOMl (A. De.) 

4238. garcinioefolia (W'all.) 

4239. Gardneriana (iri(//iO 

4240. gland Klif..ra (Wight) 

4241. Orossularia (Petv.) 

4242. reticulata iWaW.) 

4v43. Ribes (Burm.) 

4244. robnsta (Roxh.) ... 

4245. Ts^eriam-cottam (A.Dc.) 

4246. viUosa(WB,n.) 

4247. viridiflora (Sdteff.) 

4248. Emhlica ojtcinalis (GoDrtn.) 

4249. Palasis (Ham.) 

cdxv. Embothrium (7'or.si.) 

4250. coccineum (Forst.) 
cytisoide.^ (Cav.) ... 
liniecrixfolium (Cav.) 
linvare (Andr.) 
rubricaule (Giord.) 
salicifrdium (Vent.) 
vaUgnum (Andr.) 
speculatum (("av.j 

Embryogonia o.rborea 
(Teysm. & Binn.) ... 
4259. Embrvopteris gelatinifira 
(G. Don.) 
glutenifera (Roxb.) 
KaU (G. Don.) ... 
lanceolata (Don.) ... 
Emcricia Pergularia (R. 
s.) 

4264. Empusa paradoxa Lindl.) . 

4265. Endecaria coccinea (Rafin.) 



4251. 
4252. 
4253. 
4254. 
4255. 
4256, 
4257. 
4258. 



dxlix 

1062 

1063 

1661 

1065 

1661 

1709 

1063 

1661 

1063 

1063 

1663 

1604 

2558 

.. 2550 

dcpxciii 

,. 2i88 

.. 2483 

,. 2483 

.. 2483 

,. 2489 

. 2484 

,. 2484 

. 2487 

. 4288 

. :i46 



4260. 
4261. 
4262. 
4263. 



1702 
1702 
1701 
1704 

1840 

2804 

1313 

Endopogcn Amomum (Nees.) 2184-& 



& 



capitatus (Wight) 
con-^anguineus (Nees.) 
cuspidatus (Benth.) 
foliosua (Wight.) ... 
hypoleucus (Nf es.) 
Strobilanthes (Wight,) 
ver.<icolor (Wight) 



2179 
, 2184 

2183 
. 2179 
2184-c 

2192 

2183 



viscosux (Nees.) (/iMmiits). 2184-c 



4266. 
4207. 
4208. 
4269. 
4270. 
4271. 
4272. 
4273. 
4274. 
cdxvi. Entada (Adans.) ... coclix 

4275. monosfachya (De.) ... 1003 

4276. Parrana (.Spreiig.) ... 1003 

4277. Pursatha (Be.) 1003 

4278. Rheedei (Spreng.) ... 1003 

4279. Rumphii (Scheff.) ... 1003 

4280. scandens {Benth.) ... 1003 
cdxvii. Enterolobium (Mart.) ccclxxi 

4281. Saman (Prair.) 1057 

4282. Epicarpurus asper (Steud.) 2717 

4283. orientalis (M.) 2717 

4284. spinosus (Wisht) ... 2716 

4285. timoremis (Dene.) ... 2716 



NO. 

4280. 
4287. 

cdxviii 
4288. 
4289. 
4290. 
4291. 
4202. 
4293. 
4294. 
4295. 
4296. 
4297. 

4298. 
cdxix. 
4299. 
4300. 
cdxx. 
4301. 
4303. 
4304. 
4305. 
4300. 
4307. 
4308. 
4309. 
4310. 
cdxxi. 
4811. 
4312. 
4313. 



NO. 

Epicharis exarillata (Arn.) .. 450 
J^pichy sianthu.t macrophyll/un 

(^oigt.) ims 

Kpideudmm (Linn.) cmxx 

aloifolium (Linn.) ... 2945 

cilinre (Wall.) 2919 

Hippium (Ham.) 2953 

pramof sum (Roxb.) ... 2970 

pu^illum (K(i!n.) ... 2954 

retusum ^Liun.) 2053 

upathulatum (Kcftn.) ... 2902 

siihulatum (Kajn.) ... 2955 

tessellatv/m vhoxb.) ... 2963 

Epigynium Leschsnaidtii 

(Klot.z.) 16.S9 

neilyherren/tp. (Kiotz.) ... Itj;j8 

Epigynum (Wight) ... cdvii 

PparWflornm (Hi. /.) ... ]802 

Epilohium fruticosum (Lour.j 1332 



Epiphjllum (Haw.) 

elegan.s (Cels.) 

Jenkinsonii (G. Don.) 

phyllantjides (Sw.) 

Ruckeri (Part.) 

RucTcerianurn (Hoi-i . Lem.) 

Smithianuni (Alarn.) 

speciosuvi (Haw.) 

ti nncatmn (Haiu.) 

violaceum (Cels.) .. 
Epipremnum (Schott) 

giganteum (Scliott) 

mirabile (Scliott) 
Epistylium phyllanthoides 

(.Baill.) 

4314. Epithinia malayana (Jack 
a.p. Griff.) 

4316. Eragrostis nucronata 

(Trim.) 

4317. Wightiana (Benth.) 
cdxxii. Eranthemiim (Linn.) 

4318. Andersoni (iifasieri.-.) 

4319. asper um(\ik.) ... 

4320. atropurpureum (Rort.) ... 

4321. bicolor (Schrank.) 

4322. crenulatum. (Wall.) 

4323. Ecboiiwm (T. Anders.) ... 

4324. Edgeivorthianum (Nees.) 

4325. fa.-sciculatum (Blume.) ... 

4326. fastiijiatum (Spreng.) 

4327. grandijlorum (Zipp.) 

4328. ma]abaricum_ {Clarke) ... 

4329. pratense (Plunde.) 

4330. nerxosum (Br.) 

4331. micranthurn (Hort. Berol.) 

4332. pulchellum (Andr.) 

4333. pulcltellum (Host.) 

4334. i-acemosum (Uoxb.) 

4334. (bis.) reticnlatum (Sohomb,) 

2249 (his.) 

4335. roseum (Br.) ... , 2172 

4336. tricolor (Nichols.) ... 2249 

4337. variabile (E. £!»-.) 2253 



cdliii 

1374 

1375 

1374 

1374 

1374 

1374 

. 1375 

. 1374 

.. 1374 

mxxviii 

3271 

3272 

2566 

1516 

6293 
3292 
dccx 
2252 
2247 
2253 
2247 
2246 
2269 
2171 
2247 
2173 
2247 
2246 
2251 
2171 
2. '51 
2171 
2247 
2247 



16 



242 



BOTANICAT, INDEX. 



NO. Eranthemum-corjf. 
4338. versicolor (Rort.) ... 
4338. Wightianurn (iVall.) 
cdxiii. Eria (Lindl.'t 
4340. braccata (Dalz. & Gibs.l 
Dalzellii (Lindl.) ... 
exilis (Hfe./.) 
filiformis (R. chb. f.) 
microchilos (Lindl.) 
mysorensis (Lindl.) 
nana (A. Rich.) 
pauciflora (Wight) 
polystachya (A. Rich.) 
pubesoens {Wight) 
reticosa, [Wight) ... 
reticulata {Benth.) 
cdxxiv. Erica (Linn.) 
4352. Dahoci (Linn.) 

arborea (Linn.) ... 
ERICAC^ - 
Erinoc^rpus (Nimmo] 
Nimmoanus (Grah.) 
cdxxvi. Eriobotrya [Lindl.) 
4357. integrifolia (Kurz.) 
japonica (Lin'ii.)... 
Eriochysis attenuatu (Nees.) 
fusca (Nees.^ 
fusca (Trin.) 
Eriodendron (De.) 
anfractnosum (De.) 
oriental e (Stoud.) 
cdxxviii.Erioglossum (-Bi.) 
4364. edule (Bl.) 
43('i5. ruhiginoswin (Brand.) 
cdxxix. Eriolajna (Be.) 

4366. Candollei [Wall.) 

Hookeriana (W. ^ .A.\ .. 
quinquelocularis (Wiyt), 
Stocksii(Hfc./. .|- T.; ... 
Eriostemon (Sm.) 

cuspidatua (A. Cunii.) 
lancifolius (F. Muell. 
myoporoides (De.) 
neriif alius (Sieb.) 
JBrodend^rum cynarcefolium 

(Knight.) .' 

cdxxxi. Erycibe (Ena;b.) 

4375. panicalata (Roxh.) 

4376. Eheedii (Bl.) 

4377. Wightiana (Grah.) 
cdxxxii, Erythrina (Lmw.) 

4378. alia 'Eoxb.) 

Blackei (Cam."l 
Blakei (H JV. R. £r.) .. 
caffia (Thu/nh.) 
caffra (K. & G) .. 
compacfa (Bvih.) ... 
corallodendion (Linn.) .. 
cristagalli (Linn.) 
cuneata (Grah.) 
fasciculata (Benth.) 

glauGi (Willd.) 

hastifoia (Bertol) 



4341. 
4342. 
4343. 
4344. 
4345. 
4346. 
4347. 
4348. 
4349. 
4350. 
4351. 



4355. 
XLII. 
cdxxv. 

4356. 



4358. 
. 4359. 

4360. 

436 L 
cdxxvii. 

4362. 

4363. 



4367. 
4368. 
4369. 
cdxxx, 
4370. 
4371. 
4372. 
4373. 
4374. 



4379. 
4380. 
4381. 
4382. 
4383. 
4S84. 
4385. 
4386. 
4387. 
4388. 
4389, 



NO. 

... 2251 

...2173-b 

cmxxiv 

... 2932 

... 2934 

... 2933 

... 29.34 

... 2934 

. 2937-b 

... 2935 

2939 

... 2936 

... 2937 

... 2932 

... 2931 

dxxxvii 

... 1644 

... 1641 

... IXVI 

cxx 

328 

rc'-Ixxxiv 

... 1118 

... i;i2 

3285 

8285 

3285 

xcix 

261 

261 

ccxl 

627 

027 

cviii 

291 

290 

292 

289 

cxlii 

377 

377 

377 

377 

2475 

dcliv 

1989 

1989 

1989-b 

cccviii 

819 

826 

826 

824 

823 

822 

817 

822 

822 
825 
823 



NO. Erythrina — cent. no. 

4390. Humeana (Spreng.) ... 823 

4391. Humei (^. Me\ .) ... 82 

4392. indica (Lam.) ... 817 
4.393. lancifolia (Jacq.) ... 822 

4394. latissima (E. Mey.) ... 821 

4395. lithosperma (B/.) ... 820 

4396. maxima (Roxh.) ... 819-6 

4397. monosperma (Lamk.) ... .'^28 
4398 Nahasuta CHsim.) ... 819 
4399. pelligera (Feuzl.) .. 821 
•44U0. picta (Linn.) .. 817-c 

4401. Rajja (Meis.sn.) ... 823 

4402. Sender.?0'nii (Haw.) ... 821 

4403. Secundiflora (VTarsk.) ... 820 
i404. Spathacea (Wall.) ... 817 

4405. Speciosa (Tod.) ... 822 

4406. stricta (Itoab.) ... 818 

4407. suberosa (Roa;&.) 

4408. tomentosa (Ham.) ... 819-b 

4409. tomentcsa (R. Br.) ... 821 

4410. Erythrochilus indicua 

(Reinw.) ... 26.^7 
cdxxxiii. Erythropalum (Bl.). cxcviii 

4411. scandens (Bl.) ... 491 

4412. Hry throstemon Oillesii 

(Klotzsch.) 934 

cdxxxiv. Erytbroxylon (Linn.). cxxvi 

4413. Coca (Lamk.) ... 350 

4414. indicum (Bedd.) ... 348 

4415. lanceolatum (U.L.f.). ... 349 

4416. inonogynam (Roxb.) 348 
cdxxxv. Urythroxykcm (R. Br.) cxxvi 
cdxxxvi. Escallonia (Muti-^.) ... cccxcii 

4417. duplicatoserrata 

(Remy.) 1126 

4418. floribunda (7f.B. (|-X.)... 1126 

4419. macrantha (.'/A:.) ... 1127 

4420. panicut (Roem.) ... 1126 

4421. pufictata (Hk. & Am.) ... 1127 

4422. sanguinea (Hort. 

Veitch) 1127 

4423. Ethesia carnea (Rafin.) 2264 
cdxxxvii. Eucalyptns (L'Herit.) cdxxi 

4424. acervula (Ek.) ... 1187 

4425. acuminata (Hk.) ... 1187 

4426. ambigiia (Dc.) ... 1192 

4427. aniytrdaiina (Labill.) ... 1193 

4428. angulosa (Selian.) ... 1205 

4429. Bii\\ej:ma (F. Muell.) ... 1182 

4430. Buaeriana (Scham.) ... 1181 

4431. Baueriana (Miq.; ... 1177 

4432. bicolor (A. Cunn.) ... 1185 

4433. botryoides (Svi.) ... 1175 
4i34. brachypoda (Tnrcz.) 1169 

4435. bredor (Sphalm F.A. 

R.) 1185 

4436. hrevifolia (F. Mnell.) 1169' 

4437. calophylla (R. Br.) ... 1171 

4438. citriodora (Hk.) ... 1168 

4439. cordata (Lodd.) ... 1187 

4440. coriacea (A. <~'um>.) ... 1183 

4441. corymbosa, (Sm.) ... 1176 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



243 



NO. Eucalyptus — cont. 

4,4,42. costata (F. Muell.) 

•4443. crobra. {F. Mitvll.) 

4444. Cunninijliam (Sweet.) ., 

4445. diversifolia (Bonpl.) 
444H. ei(eoj)?iora (F. Miiull.) .. 

4447. elata (Debiul.) 

4448. eu'^onioidos (Sieb.) 

4449. fabrorum (Schlecht.). .. 

4450. falcifolia (Miq.) 

4451. fascicul sa (F Miioll.).. 

4452. Jibrosa (F. Muell.) 

4453. Jissilens (Bed.) 

4454. Jloribunda (Hueg.) 

4455. gigantpa (ITk.) 

4456. globidosis (Iloit.) 

4457. globuloaus (St. L;i<<.) . 

4458. Globulus {La,bill.) 

4459. gomphoccplialns (-De.) . 

4460. gonocalyx (J*'. Muvll.) 

4461. gracilis (Sieb.) 

4462. grinularis (Sieb.) 

4463. Gunnii (Hit.) 

4464. (rtmnu (Nng.) 

4465. Gunnii (F. Muell.) 

4466. hsemastoma {Sm.) 

4467. hsemastoma (Miq.) 

4468. hemila7nfra{F. Muell.) . 

4469. hemiphloia (F. Muell.) . 

4470. heterophylla (Miq.) 

4471. hypericifolia (R. Br.) . 

4472. incrassata {Labill.) 

4473. iTicrassata (Sieb.) 

4474. largijiortts (F. Muell.) 

4475. lencoxylon (F. Muell.). 

4476. ligustrina (Do.) 

4477. ligustrina (Miq.) 

4478. Lindleyana (Do.) 
4470. loDgifoiia (Link.) 

4480. longifolia (Liadl.) 

4481. longirostris (P. Muell.) 

4482. mahagoni (F. Muell.) . 

4483. Tnannifera (A. Ounn.) . 

4484. m.^rginata (Sm.) 

4485. micrantha (Dc.) 

4486. microcorys {F Muell.) . 

4487. inicrophya (A- Cimn.) . 

4488. microtheca (F. Muell.) . 

4489. Muelleri (mq.) 

4490. multijlora (Poiv.) 

4491. rervosa (F. Muell.) 

4492. nitida (Hk.) 

4493. obiiqua lUUerit.) 

4494. ornata (Sieb.) 

4495. ovata (babill.) 

4496. paiiiculata (Sm.) 

4497. parvifora (P. Muell.) 

4498. patentifora (P. Muell ). 

4499. pancitiora (Sieb.) 

4500. pendula (Page) 

4501. penicillata (Host) 

4502. persicifolia (Dc.) 

4503. persicifolia (Load.) 



NO. 


NO. 


1205 


4504. 


1178 


4505. 


1201 


4506. 


11 8m 


4.507. 


1194 


4508. 


117(1 


4509. 


1184 


4510. 


1186 


4511. 


1190 


4512. 


1200 


4513 


1173 


4514. 


1190 


4515. 


1179 


4516. 


1190 


4517. 


1192 


4518. 


1189 




.1189 


4,519. 


1199 


4520. 


1194 


4521. 


1170 


4522. 


1186 


4523. 


1198 


4524. 


1186 


4525. 


11P7 


4526. 


1191 


4527. 


llho 


-528. 


1178 


4529. 


1203 


4530. 


1190 


4531. 


1192 


4532. 


1205 


4533. 


1V02 


4534. 


1185 


4535. 


1195 


4536. 


1192 


4537. 


1198 


4538. 


1192 


4539. 


1180 


4540. 


1192 


cdxxxTi 


1187 


4541. 


1179 


4542. 


1176 


4543. 


1179 


4544 


1191 


4545. 


1177 


4546. 


1201 


4547. 


1169 


4548. 


1205 


4549. 


1178 




1190 


4550. 


1192 


4551. 


11! 10 


4552. 


1202 


45 5.'. 


1169 


45.54. 


1200 


4555. 


1185 


4556. 


1186 


4557. 


1183 , 


4558. 


1185 


4559. 


1193 


4560. 


1173 


4561. 


1186 


4562. 



Eucalyptus — cont. 

persicifolia (ili(|.) 
persicifolia (Do.) 
phlebopylla (F. Muell.) 
piluiaris (Sm.) 
pilularin (00.) 
pipirata (Stokes) 
piperita (Sm.) 
piperita (Ilort.) 
Plancboniana {F. Muell.) 
platipodos (Cav.) 
})olyaiithoros (Schan.) ... 
pulverulouta (Sims.) 
pulvigera (A. Cunn.) 
radiata (Sieb.) 
regnans (Sphalm 

F.A.ll.) 

resinifera (Sm.) 
robusfa (Sm.) 
rostrata (Schlact.) 
rostrata (("av.) 
rubida (Drake. 8j' Maid.) 
saligna (Smur.) 
scabra (Duni. Curs.) 
semicordata (F. Muell.)... 
siderophloia (Beni/i.) ... 
sideroxijlon (A. Cunn.) .. 
signata (F. Muell.) 
splachnicarpa (Hk.) 
st.ricta (Sieb.) 
Stuariiana (J". JifweW.) ... 
submultinervis (Miq.) ... 
subulata (a . Cunn.) 
sylvicultrix (F. (iluell.). 
tenuiravii:- (Miq.) 
tereticoruis (Sm.) 
terminalis (Sieb.) 
v\iniDn\is (Lubill.) 
Woolldi (F. Muell.) ... 
ii. Eugenia (iiwn.) 

acris (W. & A.) 

alba (Roxb.) 

alteniifolia (IFig/i^ 
aquea (Burm.) 

argeutea (BedA.) 

Arnottiana (Wight) 

aromntica (-joU.) 

Beddomei (Dfithie) 

Benthamiana 
(Wight.) 
brrtcteata (Uoxb.) 
calcadensis (Bedd.) 
calophyllifolia (TTtg/iO- 1262 
calyptrata (Roxb.) . 1258-b 
Ciirydphylla?! (Wight) . 
caryophyllata (Willd.). 
car])ophyllifolia (Lam.) 
cerasoidex (Roxb.) 
codyerisis (Munro) 
coviosa (Wall.) 
corymbosa (Lam.) 
cuneata (Heyne) 
cuspidata (Wall.) 



NO. 
1197 
1202 
1183 
1202 
11S6 
1193 
1193 
1186 
1196 
1175 
1181 
1167 
1167 
1192 

1191 
1178 

1174 

1187 

1174 

1204 

1172 

1192 

1202 

1173 

1195 

1191 

1171 

1201 

1197 

llHS 

1188 

1193 

1192 

.. 1188 

.. 1200 

,. 1186 

. 1180 

. cdxxi 

1197 

1232 

. 1255 

. 1230 

. 1266 

. • 1240 

. 1261 

. 1233 

.1240-6 

. 1264 

1263 



1246 
1271 
125--6 
1256 
1252 
1250 
1240 
1260 
1226 



16-A 



244 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Euffenia- -coni. no. 

4562. {his.) cvclophylln (T/in-.) ... 124i 

4.563. cyliiKlriea(m(/W^ ... 1237 

4564. cymosa (Lam.) (part.) ... 1238 

4565. fasciculata (Wall.) ... 12b4-c 

4566. floccosa (Bedd.) ... 1261 

4567. frondosa {Wall.) ... 1258 

4568. Garclnei i (Sedd,) ... 1245 

4569. glandulifera (Roxb.) ... 12Q2 

4570. gracilis (Bedd.) ... 1267-6 

4571. hemispherica {Wight) ... 1234 

4572. Heyneana {Duthie) ... 1259 

4573. Jambolana (iam.) ... 1258 

4574. Janbos {Linn.) ... 1231 

4575. javanica {Larrik.) ... 1222 

4576. javamca (Kara.) ... 1230 

4577. Jossinia {Vuthie) ... 1250 

4578. •fta.7iaren.ois (Talb.) ... 1235 

4579. \^iB.{Hnvi.) 1236 

4580. ZaweoZaf a (Ram.) ... 1241 

4581. laurina (Willd.) ... 1725 
45S2. linearis {\NaA\.) ... 1242-c 

4583. lissophylla (Bedd.) ... 1253 

4584. macrophylla (Lain.) ... 1228 

4585. malabarica {Bedd.) ... 1254 
45x6. tnalaccensis (Lrnw.) ... 1228 

4587. micropbylla. {Bedd.) ... 1269 

4588. Mooniana {WiyU) 12'?7 

4589. iIfoorei(F. Mnell.) .. 1258 

4590. montana (IFigTii) .. 1243 
45t-l. Munronii ( TFisTii) ... 1229 

4592. MvhendrEe (Beid.) ... 1249 

4593. myrtifolia iRoxh.) ... 1239 

4594. Neesiana (TFig/if) ... 1251 

4595. nervosa (Bedd.) ... 1256 

4596. oblata {Roxb.) ... 12.50 

4597. ohhisifolia (Eoxb.) .. 1258- c 

4598. occidentalis {Bourd.) ,, 1235 

4599. oleina (Wight.) ... 1239 

4600. opercnlota (Roa;b.) ... 1256 

4601. pacuijlora (Wight) ...1230-6 

4602. polygama (Roxb.) ... 1226 
4003. purpurea (Roxb.) ... 1228-b 

4604. racemosa {hinn.) .. 1274 

4605. Rama Varma (Bowrd.) ... 1217 
4006. revoluta {Wight) ... 1248 

4607. rostrata {Bedd.) .. 1238 

4608. Rottleriina (TT'. & ^.) .. 1265 

4609. Roxhurghii{J).C.) 1264-6 

4610. rubicunda(rrii//iO ... 1253 
4till. salicifolia (Grih.) ... 125!> 

4612. salicifolia (Wall.) ... 125!^ 

4613. salicifolia {Wight) ... ]2b<.' 
4014. singampatt)ana {Bedd.). 127(i 

4615. spicata (Lam.) ... 124? 

4616. Stocksii {Duthie.) ... 1257 

4617. ya6as;o (0. Don.) .. 1241- 

4618. travencorica {Bourd.) ... 12.50 

4619. trinprma (B.C.) ... 1224 

4620. uniHora (Lmw.) ... 1268 

4621. utiHs (Talh.) ... 1247 

4622. Wightiaiia ( TFigTii) .. 1231 

4623. Willdenowii (I).C.) ... 1268 



No. Eugenia — cont. No. 

4624. Willdenovni {Wight) ...■'264-b 

4625. wynaadensis {Bedd.) ... 1272 

4626. zeylanica {Wight) ... 1242 

4627. zeylanica (Roxb.) ... 1264-6 

4628. zeylanica (Willd.) .. 1298 

4629. JBugowa sM.j?er6a (Salisb.) . 3119 

4630. Eulalia nepalensis (Trin.). 3281 
cdxxxix. Euonymus {Linn,) ... ocxii 

4631 acutanguh's (Wight) ... 520 

4632. Angu\3,tnB {Wight) ... 520 

4633. crenuliitus(FraZZ.) ... 516 

4634. gla^icus (Turcz.) ... 520 

4635. Goughii {Wight) ... 515 

4636. grossa (Wall.) ... 544- 

4637. indions {Eeyne.) ... 5)5 

4638. japonions {Linn.) ... 514 

4639. panicnLatus {Wight) ... 519 

4640. radicans {Sieh.) ... 513 

4641. serratifolias {Bedd.) ... 518 

4642. Kna(Ham) ... 544 

4643. Hiipatorium asperum 

(P.oxb.) 1595 

4644. celehicuvi (B.C.), ... 1604 

4645. divergent (Roxb.) ... 1.596 
4616. jammcwm (B.C.) ... i(J04 

4647. longicaule{W&\\.) ... 1.597 

4648. polyanthumiW-an.) ... 1596 

4649. pyramidale (D. Don.) ... 1595 

4650. rigidum (Wall.) ... 1593 
465 L Hthymaloides (Linn.) ... 2543 
4652. versicolor (WsiU.) ... 1596 
4653 {bis.) Eu/phora exstipidatis 

(Griff.) 464 

cdxl. Euphorbia {Linn.) ... dcccvi 

4654. antiqnorutn {Linn.) ... 2536 

4655. antiquorur., (Wall.) ., 2535 

4656. arborescens (Roxb.) ... 2653 

4657. articulata (Dennsf.) .. 2531 
4658 Atoto {Forst.) ... 2531 
4659. bifida {Thw) ... 2.531 
4600. Bojeri (H.M.) ... 2539 

4661. Breoni (Ann. PI. & 

Bom.) 2539 

4662. catti.randoo {W. Elliot). 2538 

4663. diver sifolia{Wi\\di) ... 2540 

4664. fulgens {Karn.) ... 2541 

4665. halophila {W\(\.) ... 2531 

4666. jacquini/ora (Hk.). ... 2541 

4667. Icevigata (Wall.) ... 2.531 

4668. lavis {Toir.) 2531 

4669. ligularia (Roxb.) ... 2534 

4670. linearifolia (Roxb.) ... 2532 

4671. linearis {Keyrie) .. 2532 

4672. nereifolia {Rox\i.) ... 2535 
4-673. neriifolia (Zmn.) .. 2534 

4674. Nivnlia {Bam.) ... 2635 

4675. pallens (Billw.) .. 2531 

4676. pulcherrima {Willd) ... 2540 

4677. rhipsaloides (Leiii ) ... 2533 

4678. Tirucalli {Linn.) ... 2533 

4679. tortilis (Rottl.) .. 2537 

4680. trigona (ffow.) ... 2538 



JSOl-AiJlCAt, INDEX. 



24& 



Ko. Euphorbia- -cont. 

4()81. varians (How.) 

4682. viminalia (Mill.) 

4H83. \Vif,diti:iiiii (Hk. f.) 

XLIII. ElfplIORBlACEiE 

4684. Euphoria Litchi 

(•)US8.) 

4685. Longana (Lamb.) 

4686. Ncphelium (D.C) 

4687. pu'^icea (Lamb,) 

4688. pupilluvi (Stend.) 

4689. wncLulata (Hoyiie.) 
4G90. Eupteron Sp. fKurz.) 
crixli. Eurya {Thunh.) 
46'JL avyw^tifolia (Miq.) 

4692. cnneocarpa (Kortl\.) 

4693. elliptica (Gard.) 
46w4. fascicuLata (Ham.) 
4695. japoniea (ITinnh.) 
4ii96. japoniea (Bedd.) 
4(;l>7. wih'da (Kortli.) 
46^8. phiillanthoides \.B\.) 

4699. Ro'xburghii (Wall.) 

4700. Ihrmhergii (Thu.) 

4701. tri.'<tijla(W.& A.) 

4702. Wightiana •^^Yight) 

4703. Wightiana (Wall.) 

4704. Eutacta Cookii {(/dTr.) 

4705. Cunninghamii (Link) ., 

4706. excelsa (Link.) 

4707. humilis (Carr.) 

4708. minor (Carr.) 

4709. Pancherii (Carr.) 

4710. subulata (Oarr.) 

4711. Entassa Cunninghamii 

(G. Don.) 

4712. heterophylla (Salisb,) .. 
cdxlii. Euterpe {Gxrtn.) 

4713. acuminata (H. Weudl.) .. 

4714. edulis {Mar.) 

4715. glohosa (Gtertn.) 

4716. Evia amara (Comm.). 
cdxliii. Evodia (Forst.) 

4717. glaiica (Miq.) 

4718. Marambonc/ (Miq.) 

4719. melisefolia (Benth.) 

4720. Koxburghiana {Benth.) .. 

4721. triphylla (Bedd.) 
rtdxliv. Exccecaria {Linn.) 

4722. a.ffinis (Griff.) 
472o. Agallooha (Xiww.) 

4724. bicolor {Hassle.) 

4725. Camettia (Willd.) 

4726. cochinchinensis (Maell.) 

4727. crenula {Wight) 

4728. discolor (Muell.) 

4729. indica (Muell.) 

4730. insigms (Bedd.) 

4731. oppositifolia {Mne\l.) 

4732. robnsta {Hk. /.) 

4733. sebi/era (Muell.) 
cdxlv. Exocarpns {Lahill.) 



No. 

.. 2535 

.. 25;J3 

. 2530 

.. CII 

639 

640 

638 

639 

610 

640 

1410 

Ixxv 

194 

. 189-6 

. 189-6 

. 189-c 

189 

, 189-6 

, 1S9-C 

. T8< 

. 189-0' 

. 189-6 

. 189-6 

. 189-6 

. 189-c 

. 2835 

. 2836 

. 2837 

. 2835 

. 2835 

. 2835 

. 2835 

. • 2836 

2837 

cuixciii 

. 3158 

3160 

, 3160 

685 

. cxliii 

379 

378 

, 379 

378 

378 

dcccix . 

2706 

2706 

2705 

, 2706 

2707 

2707 

2701 

2703 

2703 

2707, 

2708 

2708 

2702 

dccc'v 



NO. Exocarpus- -co«<. 

4734. cuprcssiformis {Lahill.) 

4735. Exogonium Purga 

(Lindl.) 

4736. dumosum (Benth.) 



NO. 

2529 



2023 
2028 



4737. Fahricia coriaced 

(MuoU.) 1216 

4738. incana (Dum. Oours.) .. 1217 

4739. Itsvigata (Gouf.) ... 1216 

4740. myrtifoliu (Siob.) ... 1216 

4741. sericea (Sweet.) ... 1217 
XLIV. FAGaCE^E ...CXIX 

4742. Fragara Budrunga 

([{Qxb.) 384,385 

4743. Limur-anicenda (Ga?rtn.) .. 378 

4744. E/iefsa (Roxb.) ... 384 

4745. triphylla (Roxb.) .. 378 
cdxlvi. Fagonia {Linn.) ... cxxxii 

4746. arabica {Linn.) ... 363 

4747. creiica (Linn.) ... 363 

4748. montana (M'q.) ... 1800 

4749. mysorensis (Roth.) ... 363 
cdxlvii. Fagraea {Thunh.) ... dcxliv 

4750. Blumei (Stcud.) ... 1956 

4751. celehica (Bl.) ... 1956 

4752. coromandeliana 

(Wight,) 1956 

4753. crassifclia {m.) ... 1956 

4754. ■jlohosa{WaU.) ... 1956 

4755. malaharica {B\.) ... 1956 
■ 4756. obovata {Wall.) ... 19.56 

4757. obovato-javana {B\.) ... 1956 

4758. zcylauica {Thunb.) ... 1955 
cdxlviii. Fagus {Toum). dcccxciv 

4759. casifa«ec« (Linn.) ... 2794 

4760. procera (Salisb.) ... 2794 

4761. sylvatica (Xi-n-n.,) ... 2796 

4762. sylvesiris (Gaartu.) ... 2796 

4763. Falconeria insignis (Royle.) 2704 
4764 malabarica {Wight) ...2704-6 

4765. Wallichiana {Hoy le.) 2704 

4766. Farnesia odora (Gaspar.) 1027 

4767. Fatioa nepaulensi 

(Wall.) 1316 

odxlix. Fatsia {Bene .j- H.) ... cdlx 

4768. japoniea {Dene J^' PI.). 1396 

4769. papyrit'era (iSenift. Jy- i/A:.). 1395 
cdl. Ferouia {Gmrtn.) ... clTiii 

4770. elephantum {Correa.) ... 424 

4771. pellucida (Roth.) ... 425 

4772. Fereola buxij'olia 

(Roxb.) 1694 

4773. FesiMca iiatans (Ham.) ... 3292 
cdli Ficns {Linn.) dccclxxii 

4774. acutiloha (Miq.) ... 2747 

4775. oiffmor (Griff.) .. 2739 

4776. Altiyneraloo (Roxb.) ... 2724 

4777. altissima (£i.) ... 2732 

4778. Amp elos {Keen.) ... 2724-a 



246 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



N'o. Ficus — c(yid, 

4779. amplissi'ina (Sm.) 

4-780. anaitomosans (Wall ) .. 

4781. angulata ' bliq.) 

4782. aqxiatica (Keen.) 

4783. Arriottiana (Miq.) 

4784. artocarpifolia (B,oxb.) .. 

4785. asinina (Haul.) 

4786. asperrima (iioa;b.) 

4787. assamica (Miq.) ... 

4788. Beddomci {King.) 

4789. bengaleusis (Lmn.) 

4790. Benjamina (Linn.) 

4791. Benjaviina (Wall.) 

4792. Benjamina (Willd.) 

4793. higlandiUa (Bl.)... 

4794. biglandulose (Miq.) 

4795. callossi (Willd.) ... 

4796. Canoni (N.fc]. Br.) 

4797. Cannoni (Sphalm.) 

4798. Carica (i^nn.) 

4799. caricoides (lloxb.) 
4800i caulocarpa (Miq.) 

4801. chittagonga (Miq.) 

4802. cinerascens (Thw.) 
48U3. citrifolia {WiM.y 
4S04. comosa (Eoxb.) 

4805. conglo7nerala (Roxb.) 

4806. cordifolia (Roxb.) 

4807. cctoniiefolia (Vabl.) 

4808. cwneata (Bl.) 

4809. Cunia (Hani.) 

4810. Cunniaghamii (Miq.) 

4811. Dsemomom (Keen.) 

4812. Dalhousiae (Miq.) ... 

4813. denticnlata (Vahl.) 
4S14. dictyophylla (Wall.) 

4815. dilatata (Miq.) 

4816. elastica (Roxb.) .. 

4817. elongata (Miq.) ... 

4818. excelsa (Y'dM.) ... 

4819. Praseri (MueW.) ... 

4820. gibbo8a(Bi.) 
i821. glomerata (Roa;&.) 
1822. Oonia (Hanc.) ... 

4823. Ooolereea (Roxb.) 

4824. grossularioidep (Burtn.). 

4825. hccmatocarpa (Bl.) 

4826. hetsrophylla (Liv/n.) 

4827. hispida (Linn.) ... 

4828. hispidAssima (Wight) 

4829. Immilis (Roxb.) ... 

4830. inconstana (Miq.) 

4831. indica (Linn.) 

4832. infectoria (Boxh.) 

4833. infectoria (Willd.) 

4834. laccifera (Roxb.) 
4P35. Lacor (Ham.) 

4836. littoralis (Bl.) 

4837. lutescens (Bl.) 

4838. macrocarpa (Wight) 

4839. macrophylla (Desf.) 

4840. macrophylla (Roxb.) 



NO. 


NO. 


2742 


4841. 


2748 


4842. 


2724-5 


4843. 


2747 


4844, 


2740 


4845. 


2744 


4846. 


2728 


4847. 


2749 


4848. 


2747 


4849. 


2729 


4850. 


2726 


4851. 


2733 


4852. 


2742 


4853. 


2736 


4854. 


2748 


4855. 


2748 


4856. 


2744 


4857. 


2758 


4858. 


2758 


4859. 


2752 


4860. 


2753 


486!. 


2741 


4862. 


. 2757 


4862. 


. 2744 


4863. 


2727 


4864. 


2733 


4865. 


2751 


4866. 


2738 


4867. 


2727 


4^68. 


2724 


4869. 


2751 


4870. 


2746 


4871. 


■!750 


4872. 


2725 


4873. 


2747 


4874. 


2733 


4875. 


2736 


4876. 


2734 


4877. 


2747 


4878. 


2724 


4879. 


2746 


4880. 


2724 


4881. 


2757 


4882. 


2727 


4883. 


2757 


4884. 


2747 


4885. 


2733 


4886. 


2747 


4887. 


2750 


4887 


274<J 


4888. 


2748-6 


4889. 


2718 


4890. 


2726 


4891. 


2743 


4892. 


2741 


1893. 


2732 


4894. 


27*3 


4895. 


2736 


4896. 


2743 


4897. 


2754 


4898. 


2745 


4899. 


2765 


4900, 



Ficns — cont. No. 

magnoliaejolia (Bl.) ... 2737 
microcarpa (Linn, f.) ... 2736 

modesta (Miq.) 2737 

mollis (Miq.) 2757 

moZZis (Vahl.) 2728 

TOoUis (Willd.) 2750 

? montana (Bxirm.) ... 2748 

rnontana (Wall.) ... ... 2737 

mysorensis (Eeyne) ... 2727 

neglecta (Bl.) 2733 

nervosa (Both.) ... 2737 

nitida (Thunh.) 2736-b 

oppositifolia (Willd.) ... 2750 
palmata (Forst.) ... 2753 

papyrifera (Gii&.) 2733, 

paradoxa (Bl.) 2724 

pendula (Link.) ... ... 2733 

politoria (^loon) . . . 2749 

popuUfolia (Wall.) ... 2740 

prominens (Wall.) ... 2750 

Pseudo-sycamorus (Dene.) 2753 
psychotrixfolius (Miq.) 2746 

(tis.) .... pamila (Linn,) 2747-(J 
punctata (Heyne.) ...2743-6 

qnercifolia (B,oxh.) ... 2748 
racemosa (Wall.) ... 2757 

Bama-Varmse (Bourd.) 2729 

regia (Miq.) ... . . 2755 

religiosa (Linn.) ... 2739 

repens (Ham.) ... . 2747-6 
repens (Willd.) ,.. ... 2747-6 

retusa (Linn.) ... ... 2736 

rigida (Bl.) 2724 

Roxbiirghii (PFaZZ.) ... 2755 

■lubifolia (I'riff.) ... ... 2747 

rubra (Roth.) ... ... 2736 

rw/esc ens (Ham.)... ... 2747 

rufeacens (Vahl.) 2747 

Rumphii (Bl.) 2738 

.■icabra (Jacq.) ... ... 2750 

scabrella (Roxb.) ..- 2747 -c 

sclerophylla (Roxb.) ... 2724-a 
scleroptera (Griff.) ... 2756 

scleroptera (Miq.) ... 2744 

sinuosa (Miq) ... ... 2748 

striata (Roth.) 2733 

subobliqua (Miq.) 2724 

subpandmrseformis (Miq.). 2747 

(ii.v.) Talboti (King) ... 2735 (bis.) 
terminalioides (Griff.) 2743 

Tjakela (Burm.) 2741 

Tjeia (Wall.) 2743 

tomentosa (Roa;6.) ... 2728 

tomento.'ia (Herb. Madr.). 2121 -b 
travancorica (King) 2731 

Trimeni (King) ... ... 2735 

trwncata (\la.ra..) 2747 

trwncata (Y&YA.) 2747 

Tsiela (Boxb.) 2742 

tubercnlata (Roxb.) ... 2724-6 

■!;e>io«a (Wall.) 2743 

virgata (Roxb.) ... ... 2753 



bOTANICAL INDEX. 



247 



No. FkiiK — cont. 

4901. Wightiaiia (Wall.) 
cdlii. l-'ilicium (Thir.) 

4902. decipiens(i7iu'.) 

cdliii. Firviiana (Marsil-) 

4003. color ata (Br.) 

cdliv. Flacourtia (Comm.) 

4904. Cataphracta (Riib.) 

4905. cremtta (Wall.) 

4906. ineimis (Box6.) 
4;K)7. mer 7?uj» (Miq.) 
490S. Jangomas (Miq.)... 
4909. montanH (Grah.) 
4010. F errottetiana {Chois.) .. 

4911. quvntuplinervi-! (Turcz.). 

4912. Kamontrbi (L'Hcr) 
^013. Ramontchi (Wall.) 

4914. rotunriifolia (Roxb.) 

4915. sapida (Roxb.) 

4916. sapida (Wa.H-) 

'••917. sepiaiia (Roxb.) ... 

cdlv. Flagellaria (Linn.) 

4918. angustifolia (Wall.) 

4919. indica (Linn.) 

4920. minor (B\.) 
XLV. FL.ViELLAEIACE^ ., 
cdlvi. Flemingia (Rcxb. ex-Ait.) 

4921. ahrupta (Wan.) 

49:^2. angw-tifolia (Roxb.) 

4923. hracteata (Wight) 

4924. Chappar (Ham.) 

4925. chlorostachys (Wall.) 
492fi. congesta (Roxb.) 
4;"»27. ferruginea (Wall.) 

4928. fruticulosa (Wall.) 

4929. Grahamiana (W. .)• A.) .. 
49.30. involucrata (Bi^nth.) 

4931. hneata (Roxb.) 

4932. nana (Wall.) 

4933. prostrata (Soxb.) 
49.34. pycnantha (Benth.) 

4935. Rothiana (!).('.) 

4936. semialata (Roxb.) 

4937. sericans (Knrz.) 

4938. stricta (Roxb.) ... 

4939. stricta (Wall.) 

4940. strobilifera (R. Br.) 

4941. Wallichii (W. S{ A.) 

4942. Wightiaiia ((jraTi.) 
cdlvii. Flueggea (W'illd.) ... 

4943. angulato, (Bail!.) ... 

4944. elliptica (Ham.) 

4945. leiccophylla (Wall.) 

4946. lencopyius (Willd.) 

4947. leucopyruf (Dalz. & Gibs 

4948. major (Baill.) 

4949. melanthesoid.es (F. Muell 

4950. micTocarpa (Bl.) 

4951. obovata (Ham.) ... 

4952. virosa (Baill.) 

4953. virosa (Dalz. & Gibs.) . 

4954. Wallichiana (Baill.) 

4955. xerocarpa (A, Juss.) 



NO. 


NO. 


. 2743-c 


cdlix. 


. clsxiv 


4956. 


448 


4957. 


cii 


4958. 


272 


cdlv. 


liv 


4959. 


135 


4960. 


131 


4961. 


133 


4962. 


134 


4963. 


135 


4964. 


134 


4965. 


. 136-c 


4966. 


133 


4967. 


. 136 


4968. 


. 136-a 


4969. 


137 


4970. 


; 136-b 


4971. 


. 131 


4972. 


. 137 


4973. 


cmlxx 


4974. 


. 3120-& 


4975. 


. 3120 


4976. 


. 3120-6 


4977. 


. CXX 


4978. 


cccxxiii 


4979. 


. 870 


4980. 


. 875 


4981. 


. 870-a 


4982, 


. 871 




. 870- o 


cdlvi 


875 


4982 


. 877 


4983. 


. 870-6 


4984. 


. 874' 


4985. 


. 879 


4986. 


. 872 


4987. 


. 878 


4988. 


. 876 


4989. 


. 874 




858 


4990. 


S76 


4991. 


. 878 


4992. 


. 873 


4993. 


876 


4994. 


. 870 




878 


4995. 


. 877 


4996. 


dcccxvi 


4997. 


. 2591 


4998. 


2591 


4999. 


. 2591 




. 2592 


5000. 


) 2591 


5001. 


2570 


5002. 


) 2591 


5003. 


. 2591 


5004. 


.. 2591 


5005. 


.. 2591 


5006. 


.. 2592 


5007. 


.. 2592 


5008. 


. 2592 


5009. 



NO. 

Fourcroya (Spreng.) cmlviii 

Franciscea auatralis (Miers.) 2111 

Eopcana (Uk.)... ... 2110 

unifora (Fohl.) .. 2110 

Fraxinus (Liv/n.) ... dl.Kviii 

argentea (Loisel.) ... 1779 

floribunda (Wall.) ... 1778 

montana (Salisb.) .. 1779 

Ornus (Linn.) 1779 

paniculata (Will.) ... 1779 

rotundifolia (Lamk.) ... 1779 

urophylla(\\'A\\.) .. 1798 

Frenela australis (Endl.). 2815-c 

columellaris (F. Mnell). 2814 

crasaivalvis (Miq.) ... 2814 

glauca (.Mirb.) 2814 

Gulielmi (^Tarl.) ... 2814 

intratropica (F. Mnell.)...' 2814 

micrccarpa (A. Cnnii.) ... 3814 

Moorei (Pari.) 2814 

propinqua (A. Cnnii.) ... 2814 

rhomboidea (Endl.) ... 2815 

robuf'ta (A. Cumi.) ... 2814 

triquetra (Spach.) .. 2815 

tuberculata (Mich.) ... 2814 

rariabili.-i (Carr.) ... 2815 

Ventenatii (Mirb.) ... 2815 

verrucosus (A. Cunn.) ... 2814 

Frisquetia macrocarpa 

(Gand.) 3241 

Fuchsia (I'lurn..) ... ... cdxli 

(*!.<?.) alto coccinea(Bor^.)1331(*ia.) 
,_ _ _ , ^g23 

1323 
1324 
1330 
1325 
1330 

1325 
1325 
1330 
1330 
1331 

1331 
1326 
1327 
1330 

1328 

1330 
1330 
1327 
1330 
1323 
1330 
1328 
1330 
1327 
1329 
1323 



amsena (Hort. D.C.) 
arborescens (Sims.) 
boliviana (Britt.) 
coccinea (Curt.) ... 
congestiflora (Hort.) 
conica (Linol.) 
corymbijiora (Euiz. & 

?aY.) . ... 

coryTnbosa (Prittz.) 
decussata (R. Grab.) 
discolor (Lindl.) 
Dominii (Hort.) 
Dominiana (Hort. ji des 

Serres.) ... 
fnlgens (Mac. ^ Sess.) ... 
gracilis (Woe.) 
gracilis (Lindl.) ... 

Kirkii (^^. i.) 

macrostemma (Ruiz. ^ 

Far.) 

magellanica (Lamb.) 
microphylla (lib. 4r 1^-) 
multijfora (Murray.) 
pnnicvlata (Linol) 
pendula (Salisb.) . . 

procumbeiis (R. Cwnn.). 
recurvata (Ki-vin.) 
splendens (Hort. Dippel.) 
pplendens (Zucc.) 
syringse^ora (Carr.) 



g4S 



fiOtANICAL INDEX. 



NO. 

5010. 
5011. 

5012. 

cdlxii. 
5013. 
5014. 
5015. 
5U16. 
5017. 



5018. 

5019. 
5020. 
5021. 
5022. 
5023. 
5024. 
5025. 
5026. 
5U27. 
5028. 
5029. 
5030. 
5031. 
5032. 
5033. 
5034. 
5035. 
503G. 
5037. 
5038. 
5039. 
5040. 
5041. 
5042. 
5043. 
5044. 
ciilxiii, 
5046. 
5047. 
5048. 
5049. 
5050. 
5051. 
5052. 
50.53. 
5054. 
5055. 
5056. 
5057. 
5058. 
5059. 
5060. 
5061. 
5062. 
5063. 



Fuchsia — cont. no. 

tenella (Hort. G. Don ). 1330 

Funium piliferum 

(Willeni.) ..." ... 3054 

Fiinhimia afrtcana 

(Benth.) 1832 

Fnrcraea (Vent.) ... ctnlviii 

Cantula (Raw.) ... . 3052 

faetida (Haw.) ... ... 3054 

gigantea (Vent.) 3054 

rigida (Ji3:W.) 3051 

viridis (Herusley) ... 3054 



Qaertnera laurifolia (Hb. 

Madr.) 356 

racemosa (Roxb.)... ... 355 

Galedupa arhorea (Roxh.), 899 

mdtca (Lam.) ... ... 899 

uliginom (Roxh.')... ... 902 

Galega argentea (Lank.) 776 

Barba joi-i.5 (Barm.) ... 776 

Colonila (Ham.) ... ... 773 

Colutpa (WiUd.) 776-b 

diffum (Roxb.) 774-c 

glandi^ora (Xahl.) .... 769 

HeijTieana (RoxK) ... 770 

hirta (Ham.) ... ... 775 

incana (Roxb.) 776-6 

lanceoefolia (Roxb.) ... 774 

maxima (Linn.) ... ... 774-6 

pentaj>hiilla (Roxb.) ... 773 

procumbent (Ham.) ... 774-c 

piirpurea ( Linn.) ... 774 

rosea (Lam.) ... ... 769 

senticosa (Linn.) ... 778 

sericea {Rain.) . ... 774 

spino.-:a (Linn.) ... ... 772 

tinctoria (Lamk.) ... 774 

villo sa {hinn.) . . ' ... 776 

Galwm/pita cuspidata (Bl.) 2714 

Ganitrus sphmrica (G^rtn.) 335 

Garcinia (Linn.) ... Ixviii 

acuminata (Tl. &Tr.) ... 174 

apni.'i (W. & A.) ... ... 172 

Cambogia (De.'ir.) ... 172 

cavibogioides (Royle) ... 174 

celebica (BeBT.) 171 

conicarpa (Wight) ... 172-6 

echinocarpa (Thiu.) ... 173 
elliptica (WM.) ... 172,174 

(rMtia (Wight) ' 174 

Imberti (Bourd.) ... 176 

indica (Chois.) 171 

lobulosa (Wall.) ... ... 174 

Livingstonei (Andr.) ... 169 

malaharica (Desr.) ... 172 

Mangostana {Liwn.) ... 170 

Morella (Desr.) 174 

ovali folia (Hk. f.) ... 179 

Papilla {Wight) ... ... 172-c 



xo. 


Garcinia — cont. 


No. 


5064. 


pictoria (Roxb.) „* 


.. 174 


5065. 


purpurea (Roxb.) 


.. 171 


5066. 


spicata (Hk. f.) ... 


.. 179 


5067. 


travancorica (Bedd.) 


.. 177 


5068. 


Wightii (T. Anders.) . 


.. 175 


5089. 


Xanthochymus {Hk. /.) 


178 


5U70. 


z eylanica {Roxh.) 


.. 172 


cdlviv. 


Gardenia (Linn.) 


cdxcviii 


5071. 


appendiculata (Stokes.). 


.. 1.508 


5072. 


cuneata (Br.) 


.. 1507 


5073. 


Donia (Ham.) 


.. 15o7 


5074. 


dv.metoruyn (Retz.) 


.. 1498 


5075. 


enneandra (Keen.) 


.. 1506-6 


5076, 


floribwnda (Roxb.)... 


1498 


5077. 


Jlorida (Linn.) 


.. 1510 


5079. 


Fortunei (Hort.) 


..1510-6 


.=5080. 


fragrans (Keen.) ... 


.. 1499 


5081. 


grandijiora (.Sieb.) 


.. 1510 


5082. 


gummifera {Lirm.) 


., 1505 


5083. 


inermis (Dietr.) ... 


.. 1505 


5084. 


jasminoides (Ellis) 


.. 1510 


5085. 


latifolia {Ait.) 


.. 1506 


50S6. 


longispina (Roxb.) 


.. 1498 


5087. 


lacida {Roxb.) 


.. 1504 


5088. 


macrocarpa (Carey) 


.. 1508 


5089. 


Maruha (Sieb.) 


.. 1510 


5090. 


medicinuhs (Vahl.) 


.. 1508 


5091. 


montana (D.C.) ... 


., 1,507-6 


5092. 


■nutans (Roxb.) ... 


.. 1498 


5093. 


pictoruvi (Hassk.) 


., 1510 


5094. 


pomifera (WalL) ... 


,. 1497 


5095. 


radicans (Thunb.) 


.. 1510 


5096. 


resinifera (Koth.) 


„ 1.504 


5097. 


ri(?icZa (Wall.) 


.. 1527 


5098. 


speciosa (Salisb.) 


, 15U8 


5099 


spinosa (Linn.) ... 


„ 1498 


5100. 


ternifolia (Scham.) 


. 1.008 


5101. 


tetrandra (Bedd.) 


. 1496 


5102. 


Thnmbergia {Linn.) 


. 1-508 


5103. 


Tinnese (Kotschy.) 


, 1508 


5104. 


triacantha (D.C.) 


. 1508 


5105. 


turgida (Eoxb.) ... 


, 1507 


5106. 


uliginosa (Retz.) 


. 1497 


5107. 


verticillata (Lamk.) 


, 1508 


cdlxv. 


Gai-dneria {Wail.) 


, dcxivi 


5108. 


ovata(T7aiL) 


, 1965 


5109. 


Wallichii (Wight) 


1965 


cdlxvi. 


Garuga {Roxb.) 


, obex 


5110. 


? madaga'^cariensis (D.C). 


4^0 


5111 


pinnata (lioa;6.) ... 


. 440 


5112. 


Gastonia Nalugu (lapsu, 






Gustonia.) 


. 617 


cdlxvii 


Gaultheria {Linn.) dxxxviii 


5113. 


fragrans (D. Don.) 


, 1642 


5114. 


fragrantissima (Wall.) .. 


, 1642 


olio. 


Leschenaultii (D.C.) 


, 1642 


5116. 


ovalifolia (Wall.) 


. 1642 


5117. 


punctata (Bl.) 


. 1642 


5118. 


Gela lanceolata (Lour.) 


, 388 


cdlxviii 


. Gelonium {Roxb.) 


, dccolv 


5119. 


angustifolium (Mnell.) .. 


, 2695 


5120. 


bifarium (Wight) 


. 2695 



BOTANICAL INDEX 



249 



No. Geloninn. — con*. NO. 

5121. fascicnlatwn (Koxb.) ... 26^4 

5122. laiu-ool:ii.uni (IKiWri.) ... 2(195 

5123. imiliiHorum (^1. JitsN.) ... 2694 
bl24. Gemclla trifolia CLour.) ... 028 

5125. Qendarussa tranquebariensis 

(Nees.) 2258 

5126, vuigaris (Nees.) ... 2260 
5127- icynaadevsis (Nees.) ... 2261 

odixix. Genianthus (Hfr. /.) dcxx 

5128. craasifolius (Ba,\z. & Gih.) 1S80 
512y. laurifolius (Hk.f.) ... 1880 

5130. Genista argentca (Noiilat.) 607 

5131. hirsuta {M(Xnch.) ... 742 

5132. scoparius (Lam.) .. 742 
cdJxx. Geonouia {Willd.) cmlxxxvi 

5133. gracilis (H. IFendJ.) ... 8144 

5134. Spixiana(n. TFendL) ... 3145 
XL VI. GKRANIACE^ XXV 

5135. (i etoniaforihunda (Roxb.) 1153 

5136. «iiio[a|(Roth.) 115.3-6 

5137. nutans (Koxb.) ... ... 1153-a 

5138. Giganiabies taxifolia 

(Nelson.) 2827 

5139. Wellingtonia (Sehon) .. 2826 

5140. Gigantochloa andamanica 

(Kurz.) 3305 

5141. nigro-ciliata (Knrz.) ... 3305 

5142. Gilibertia Nalugu (D.C.) 

(E. Wenadl.) 617 

cdlxxii. Ginkgo (/rww.) ... ... imi 

5143. biloba (Xi/m.) 2824 

5144. macrophylla (Hort. Koch.) 2824 
cdlxxii. Girardinia (Gaud.) dccclxxix 

5145. heterophylla (De-ne.) ... 2768 

5146. Iiibiscifol'ia (Miq.) ... 2768-c 

5147. Le.-<chenaultiano. (Dene.). 2768-& 

5148. Palmati, (Gaiid.) .. 2768-6 

5149. Zeylanica (Dece.) ... 2768-c 
cdlxxiii. Gironniera {Gaud.) dccclxv 

5150. cxcsp^dita (Ktirz.) ... 2714 
.5151. reticulata (T/iM.) ... 2714 

cdlxxiv. Givotia {Griff.) . dcccxxxv 

5152. rottleriforuif? {Griff.) ... 2544 

5153. Glabraria litoralis {iiliq.) 245i)-6 

5154. tersa (Linn.) ... ... 2459-6 

5155. Glaphyrta .^ericea {.Jack.) 1217 

5156. nitida (Jack.) ... 1217 
Xr>VIl. GLEICHENIACE^ CXXVil 
crflvvv. Gleicheuia (Smith) ... ml 

5157. dichotoma {Willd.) ... 3325 

5158. Hermaiini (Br.) 3325 

olf>9. lajiigera {Don.) ... ... 3325 

5160. rigida (Sm.) 3-325 

cdlxxvi. Globba {Linn.) ... cmxliii 

5161. bracteata (Heyne) ... 2987 

5162. bracteosa (Horan.) ... 2987 

5163. bulbifera (Eoa;6.) 2987 

5164. cauarensis {Baker) ... 2989 

5165. erecta (Red.) 3007 

5166. tnarantina (Wall.) ... 2987 

5167. murantinoides (Wight) ... 2987 

5168. nufaws (Linn.) 3008 

5169. ophioglossa {Wight) ... 2986 



NO. Globba — cont. no. 

5170. orixensis (Roxh.) ... 2985 

5171. or ixenHis {WaU.) 2986 

5172. platystaobya {Baker) ... 2989 

5173. strohilifera (Roll. & Morit.) 2987 
cdlxxvii.GIachidioii (For**.) ...dcccxv 

5174. arborcuni {Wight) ... 2582 

5175. aspervm ? (Miiell.) ... 2590 

5176. canaranuw. (Mi(i.) ... 2577-6 
5178. diver. dfolircm (Bedd.) ... 2587 
517i-. ellipticum {Wight) ... 2.587 

5180. fagifolium {Miq.) .. 2578 

5181. Heyneanuiu {Wight) ... 2589 

5182. Hohenackeri {Bedd.) ... 2579 

5183. Johnstonei (Hfc /.) 2.S81 

5184. .Jussieuianuvi {'I'hu.) ... 2586 

5185. lanceolarinm {JJalz.) ... 2575 

5186. littorale (BZ.) 2574 

5187. malabaricum {Bed.d.) ... 2584 
5187 {bin.) Multiocularis {Kuell.) 

2574 (6m.) 

5188. neilgherrense {Wight) ... 2583 
51S9, obliquum (Dene.) ... ... 2577 

5190. Ferrottetionum (Bedd.) ... 2583 

5191. Ralphii (m./.) 2580 

5192. rigidum {Muell.) .. .. 2536 

5193. stelUttuvi (Bedd.) . ... 2586 

5194. Thu-aitesii (Muell.) ... 2586 

5195. tonientcsum {Dalz.) ... 2576 

5196. velutinum {Wight) ... 2588 

5197. zeybmicum {A. Juss.) ... 2577 

5198. Glochisandra acuminata 

(Wight) 2575 

cdlxsviii. Gloriosa {Linn.) cml.xix 

.5199. Domatia (Schultes, f.) ... 3119 

5200. simplex (D. Bon.) ... 3119 

5291. snporba ( Lin/i.) ... 3119 

cdJxxix. Gluta {Linn.) ... ... cclxi 

5202. travancorica {Bedd.) ... 666 

5204. Glycins densifiora (Roth,) 869 

5205. pondicheriensis (Spreng.) 858 

5206. rw/escens (Willd.) 858 

5207. sinensi'i (Kid.) ... ... 763 

5208. suaveolens (Linn.) ... 861 

5209. tomentosa (McL.) ... 867 
5'210. vestita (Grab.) 812 

5211. viscida{Wi\ld.) .... .;. 790 
cdlxxx. Glycosmis {Correa.) ... cxlviii 

5212. angustifulia (Lindl.) ... 389-6. 
5:413. arborea (DC.) 389 

5215. chylocarpa (W.&A.) ... 389 

5216. macrocarpa (Wight) ... 389-c 
5::17. macrophylla (Lindl.) ... 389-6 

5218. nitida {W .&A.) ... 389-6 

5219. pentapbylla {Correa.) ... 389 

5220. Retzii (Rceni.) 389 

5221. triphylla {Wight) ...389-6 

5222. Glycycarpus raceuiosus 

(Dalz.) 681 

' c^lxxxi.Glyptopetalum {Thy.) ... ccxiii 

5223. grandifforum {Bedd.) ... 522 
cdlxxxii.Gmelina {Linn.) dccsxix 

5224. arborea {Linm.) ... ... 2305 

5225. asiatica {Linn.) 2306 



250 



:B0TAN1CAL INDEX. 



NO. GmeVmSb-^-cont. no. 

5226. coromandeliana (Burm.) 2306 

Finlaiisoniaria (Wall.) ... 2307 

Hystris (Zttrz.) 2307 

inermis (Blanco) ... 2306 

lobata (GaBrtn.) ... 2306 

parvijlora (Roxb.) ... 2306 

parviflora (Roxb.) ... 2306 

Rheedi (Hook.) 2305 

5284. Ona/phalium. cirmamomeum 

(Sch.) 16.2 

cynoglossoides (Sch.) .. 1614-a 

Eookeriannum ('J'hvv.) . 161-i-b 

Gi'd/phalium marcescens 



.5227. 
5228. 
5229. 
5239 
5231. 
5232. 
5233. 



5235 
5236 
5237 



(Wight.) 1612 

neelgerrianurti. (D.C.) 1613 

nilagiricum (Sch.) ... 1613 

Vightianum (IXC.) ... 1611 

Wightianum (Thu.) ...1614-6 

XLVJl. GNETACE^ CXI 

cdlxxxiii. Gnetum (Linn.) dcccxevi 

5242. edule (Bl.) 2805 

funiculare (Wight) ... 2805 

gnemonoides (Brongn.) ... 2805 
latif olium (V&vlsit.) ... 2805 

pyrifolium (Miq.) ... 2805 

scandens {Roxh.) ... 2805 

Ula (Brongn.) 2835 

5249. Gnidia eriocephala (Meissn.) 2497 
52.50. insularis (Gardn.) ... 2492 

5251. monticola (Miq.) ... 2492 

5252. sisparensis (Gardn.) 2492 

5253. Qoldfussia decurrens (Wight) ' 2196 



5238. 
5239. 
5240. 
5241. 



5213. 

5244. 
5245. 
52i6. 
5247. 
5218. 



Leschenaultiana (Xee8.)2l79-2192 
2i:'8 
2192 
2194 



5254. 

5255. tristis (Wight) 

5256. Zenkeriana (Kees.) 

5257. Zenkeriana (Wight) 
cdlxxxiv. Gomphandra {Wall.) ... cciii 

5258. axillaris {Wall) 496 

52.59. coriacea (Wight) 497 

5260. polymorpha (TFijW) ... 497 

5261. polymorpJia (Wight) ... 496 
cdlx>cxv. Gomphia {Schreh.) ... clxviii 

5262. angastifolia (Ta/ii.) .. 438 

5263. malaharica {!).€.)> 438 

5264. zeylanica {D.C.) 438 

cdlxxxvi. Gomphooarpus {R. Br.) ... dcxlii 

5265. frutico.sus (R. -Br.) ... 19.50 

5266. Schimperi (Presl.) ... 1950 

5267. seto.ms (Hochst.) ... 1950 

5268. sinaicus (Boiss.) ... 1950 

5269. Gomutus obtusifolia (Bl) ... 3150 

5270. saccharifer (Spr'eng,) ... 3149 
cdlxxxvii. Goniothalamus {Bl) ... xx 

5271. cardiopetaius {Hlc.f. ^ T.) 53 

5272. ThvTaitesii(H;c./. ^ T.) ... 51 

5273. Wightii {EJc. f. j- T,) ... 54 

5274. wynadeusis (Bedd.) .. 52 
XLIX. GOODENIACE^ .. LXIV 
cdlxxxviii. Goodia (Salisb.) cclxxviii 

5275. lotifolia (Salisb.) 703 

5276. medicagim,ea {F. UneW.) . . 703 

5277. retusa (Sweet.) 703 

5278. subpuiescens (Sweet.) ... 703 



NO- No. 

cdlxxxix. Gordonia (Ellis) .. Ixxvii 

5279. obtusa (lFa«.) .. 192 

5280. Qossampinus rubra (Haui.) 259 
cdxc. Gossjpmm. (Linn.) ... xcv 

5281. acumiTiatuvi (Roxb.) ... 254-6 

5282. album (W. & A.) 253 

5283. arborenm (Linn.) ... 255 

5284. barbadeuse (Linn.) ... 254 

5285. harbaecnm (Linn.) ... 253 

5286. hirsutuTn (Linn.) ... 253-c 

5287. indicum (Lsbmk.) ... .. 253 

5288. micranthum (D.C.) ... 25;] 

5289. neglectum (Tod.) ... 255-6 

5290. obtusifolium (Roxb.) . 253-6 

5291. ptruvianum (Cav.) ... 254-6 

5292. religiosum (Pari.) . . 254-6 

5293. religiosum (Roxb.) ... 253-d 

5294. vitifoliv/m (Lamk.) ... 254-6 

5295. vitifolium (Roxb.) ... 253-c 
cdxci. Gouania (Linn.) ccixxiv 

5296. integrifolia (Knrz.) ... 577 

5297. lanceolata (Wall.) ... 579 

5298. leptostachya(D.C,) ... 578 

5299. niicrocarpa (D.C.) ... 577 

5300. tiliafolia (Heyne.) ... 577 

5301. Goughia neilgherrensis 

(Wight) 2612 

5302. Govania nivea (\Vai.\\.) ... 2644 
L. GRAMINACE^ CXXVI 

5302. Grammica aphylla (Lour.) 2067 

5304. Granadilla cwrulca (Medic.) 1349 

5305. fcetida (Gaertn.) .. ... 1351 

5306. laurifolia (Medic.) .. 1353 

5307. luetea (Medic.) 1355 

5308. quadriangularis (Medic.) 1.H58 

5309. serratifolia Chledic.) ... 1360 

5310. suberosa (GdsrtiK) ...' l^JOl 

5311. Granatum littoreum (Rumpb.) 416 
cdxcii. Graptophylluui (Nees.) dccxvii 

5312. hortense (Nees.) 2270 

5313. pictum (Griff.) 2270 

cdxciii. Grevillea (R. Br.) ... dccxc 

5314. Bank8ii(/i'. .Br.) 2482 

5315. Forsteri (Rost.) 2482 

5316. Hilliana (F. Muell.) ... 2481 

5317. linearis (E. Br.) 2483 

5318. rohusts. (R. Br.) 2480 

5319. sepiariaCR. Bt.) 2483 

5320. siricia (R. Br.) 2183 

5321. umbratica (A. Cnnn.) ... 2480 

5322. venusta (A. Cnnn.) ... 2480 
cdxci V. Grewia (Linn.) ... ... cxix 

5323. abutilifolia (Juss.) ... 324 

5324- affinis (Lindl.) 327 

5325. angustifolia (Wall.) ... 326 

6326. araria (Wall.) 314 

5327. ortorca (Hoth.) 316 

5328. asiatica (Linn.) ... ... 317 

5329. asiatica (Wall.) 324 

5330. aspera (Roxb.) ... . 324 

5331. begonifolia (Wall.) ... 327 

5332. betulcefolia (Jnss.) 312 
5833. bicolor (Juss.) 314 



Botanical index. 



251 



Ko. Grewia — cent, no. 

5334. bicolor (-U-otli.) 313 

63;^5. biloba (WaU.) 326 

5336. bipartita (Wnll.) 319 

,5337. biacteata rUuth.) .. 323 

*5338. 6rac«t'ato (Mitj.) 308 

5339. carpinifolia (Koxb.) ... 319 

5340. carpinifolia (Wall.) ... 308 

5341. Carrea (ITaiii.) 318 

5342. columnaris (Sm.) ... 308 

5343. commutata (D.C.) ... 319 

5344. corylifolm{G\iin. & Perr.) 320 

5345. didyma (Roxb.) ... ... 321 

5346. disperma (llottl.)... ... 321 

5347. elastica (Eovle.) 317-^ 

5348. emarginata'C^^. c>-.-l.) ... 309 
53ift. exoelsa (Yahl.) ... 313 

5350. flavescens (.Juss.) ... ' 319 

5351. glabra (.Jack.) ... 327 
.5352. helicterifoUa (Wftll.) 325, 326 

5353. heterotricha {Mast.) ... 311 

5354. hirsatc (Vald.) 325 

53.55. Idrsuta (WaM.) 326 

.5356 involucrata (Wall.) ... 309 

5357. involucrata {\Wi<rht) ... 319 

5358. la?vigata ( 7 a/iZ.) 321 

5359. Lalpeta (Ram..) 321 

5360. lancecefolia (Koxb.) ... 326 
5360 {bis) lancifolia (Grab.) ... 326 

5361. lanceolata {Rh.B.ejne) ... 32G 
leptopetala (Brand.) ... 31G-C 
longifolia [iiaxr. .) . 325 
macrophijlla (G. Don.) 324 
Microcos (Zinn.) ... 327 
mollococca (Ham.) ... 321 , 
olliqua (Ro^h.) ... .. 318 
obtecta (Wall.) 317-6 



5362. 

5363. 

6364 

5365. 

5366, 

5367. 

5368. 

5369. 

,5370. 

5371. 

5372. 

5373. 

5374. 

5375. 

5376. 

5377. 

5378. 

5379. 

5380. 

.5381. 

5382. 

5383. 

5384. 

5385. 

5386. 

5387. 

5388. 

5389. 

5390. 

5391. 

5392. 

6393. 

5394. 



obtusa (.Wall.) 



orbictilaris {^G. Don.) 
orbiculata {Rottl.) 
orbiculata (G. Don.) 
oriental is (Linn.) 
orientalis (Gsrtn.) 
orientalis (Vahl.)... 
orientali.-i (Wall.) 
ovalifolia (Jnss.) 
ovali folia (Wight) 
pilosa {Lamk.) ... 
pilosa (Roxb.) 
pilosa (Wall.) 
polygama {Roxb.) 
populifolia {Vahl.) 
rTiamnifolia (Koth.) 
rigida (Ham.) 
Ritchiei (Mast.) .. 
Rothii ''D.C.) 
rotundifolia (Juss.) 
Roxburghii (G. Don 
salvifulia {Heyne) 
.-•alvifolia (Ro.xb.^ 
salvifolia (Wall.) 
suxatilis (Ham.) ... 
scabrida (Wall.) ... 



308,310,323 



315 
315 
320 
310 
319 
308 
... 309 
321 
310 
319 
325 
.308, 310, 318 
326 



312 
310 
312 
322 
313 
315-b 
325 
314 
313 
325 
325 
319 



NO. Grewia— cont. so. 

5395. Kcabiojihylla (>ffoa;6.) 318 

5396. sclerophylla {WaU.) ... 318 

5397. subincequalis {\'^a,\\.) 316,317 

5398. slcata (Wall.) 318 

5399. Sulcona (Haru.) • ... 325 

5400. tiliiut'olja O'a'''-)-- 316 

5401. ulmifolia (Roxb.) ... 327 

5402. umbfllileru (Redd.) ... 322 

5403. variabilis {^'a.l\.) 315,316 

5404. vestita {Wa.U.) 317-b 

5405. villosa (IFi/Zrf.) 320 

5406. viminea {Wall.) 326 

5407. Griffithiafragrams {W.&A.). 1499 

5408. Gardneri (Tliu.) 1501 

5409. specivsa (Bedd.) 1502-6 

5410. Grisehachia Belmoreana 

(H. U'tnol.) 3135 

5411. Forateriana {U.Weudl.). 3136 

5412. Qristea punctata (Ham.). 1307 

5413. tomentcsa (Roxb.) ... 1307 

5414. uniflora (Kich.) ... i:;07 
oilb- Qrumilea eZonycta (Wight) 1564 

5416. Jnnghuhniana (Miq.) ... 1565 

5417. lonjifolia (Bedd.) ... 1570 
.5418. .'' nigra (Gcertn.) ... 1558 

5419. nudificra (Thu.) ... 1558 

5420. patens (Schlecht.j ... 1559 

5421. subintegra {W.ScA.) ... 1561 
cdxcv. Guaiacam {Fhn.) ... cxxxii 

o422. bijuguvi (Stokes.'; ... 362 

5-!23. officinale (Linn.) ... 362 

cdxcvi. GvAijacum (Plnm.) ... cxxxii 

5424. Gtiagnebinaigmta (Yell.) ... 1459 

5425. Guarea ? Amaris (Ham.) ... 456 

5426. binectarifera (Roxb.) ... 456 

5427. (rotadhora (Ham.) " ... '156 

5428. oblongifolia (Gi-iS.) ... 476 

5429. Guatteria acutijiora (WaM.") 45 

5430. acutifolia {WaU.) ... 68 

5431. cerasoid.es (Dnn.) ... 44 
.5432. cofeoides {Thxi.) ... 41 

5433. fasciculata (Wall.) ... 43 

5434. fragra'ns (Dalz.) ... 42 

5435. Korinti (Dun.) ... 45 

5436. lauri] olia [Gvoh.) ... 75,76 

5437. longifolia{WiA\.) ... 40 

5438. malabarica (T)aTi.) ... 31 

5439. montana (D.C.) 31 

5440. persiccefolia (Hk. f. & T.) 48 

5441. simiaru77i (Ham.) ... 43 

5442. suberosa CD.C.) ... ... 46 

54!3. velutina{A..'D.C) ... 64 

5444. virgata {Bnnal.) 74 

cdscvii.Guaznma (PZm7«.) ... cxv 

5445. tomentosa (Xuwi/i.). ... 304 

5446. ulmifolia (Wall.) ... 304 

5447. Guersentia olivwformis 

(Rafin.) 1677 

cdxc^iii. Guettarda {Linn.) ... dii 

5448. speciosa {Linn.) 1517 

5449. Guilandina Bonauc (Linn.) 927 

5450. Bonduc (W.&A.) ... 926 

5451. BodnuceUa {Linn.) ... 926 



252 



Botanical index. 



No. Guilandina — cont. 

5452. glabra (Mill.) 

5453. macrocarpa (Grrali.). 

5454. Moringa (Linn.) 

5455. Nuga (Linn.) 



NO. 

927 
938 
689 
928 



cdxcix. Gustonia, vide Qastonia. ...gkxxvu 

GUTTIFEK.^... ... XV 

5458. .'' Gginnanfhemu.m acumi- 

natum (Steetz.) ... 1604 

5459. Metzianum (Schnltz.). 1596 
d. Gymnema {Br.) ... dcxxix 

5460. aurantiacum (Wall.) ... 1929 
5451. Decaisneanum (Wiiiht.). 1896 

5462. elegaus (TF. ^ ^.)^ ... 1899 

5463. hirsutum (W^ (|-^.) ... 1896 
5465. melicida (Edgcw.) ... 1895 
5463. montanum ;J/fe. /.) .. 1898 

5467. nepalense ? (Grab. ) ... 1864 

5468. sylTestre (Br.) ... 1895 

5469. ienflCKtsinia (Spreng.). 1901 (5ts.) 

5470. tingens (IF. 4''^.) ... 1897 

5471. Gymnosphsera gigantea 

(Blumo) ... .., 3328 

di. GymnosiDOiia (T7. ^ 4.) ... ccxix 

5472. acuminata {Hk.f.) ... 533 

5473. emarginata {Thw.} ... 540 

5474. Heyneana (Lawjs.) ... 536 

5475. montana (Benth.) ... 541 

5476. ovata (latrs.) ... ... 534 

5476 (bis.) oxyphylla (Gbl.) ... 533 

5477. Rothiana (laiu*.) ... 535 

5478. Eoyleana (Laws.) ... 538 

5479. rufa (Lau-.^.) 537 

5480. Wallichiana (Laws.) ... 539 
dii. Gynerium {Hbdt. ^ Bjpl.) 

mxxxviii 

5 481. argenteum (JVees.) 3290 

5482. zeelandicum (Stend.) ... 32h9 
diii. Gynocardia (Br.) .. Ivii 

5483. odorata (Br.) 141 

5484. Gynoon Reyneanum (W. 

& A.) 2589 

5485. Jussieuiantim (Wight.). 1'586 

5486. rigidum (A. Juss.) ... 2586 

5487. triandrum (W. & A.) ... 2586 

5488. Gynopachis axillijlora 

(Miq.) 1500 

5489. oblongata (Miq.) ... 1500 

5490. Gynopogon lanceolatum 

(Knrz.) 1817 

5491. Gynura Walkeri (Wight.). 1625 
div. GyrocariDus {Jacq.) ... cdviii 

5492. acuminatus (Meissu.) ... 1166 

5493. aviericanus (Jacq.) ... 1166 

5494. asiaticus {\Nil\d.) ... 1166 

5495. Jacquiui (Roxb.) ... 1166 

5496. rug sus {K. Br.) ... 1166 

5497. sphenopterus (E. Br.). ... 1166 



H 



2431 



5498. Haasia Wightii (Nees.) 

5499. Habrothamnus aurantiacua 

(Seem.) 2107 

5500. elegans (Brongn.) ... 2106 



NO. Habrofchnmnus— conf. no. 

5501. elegans (Scheider.) ... 2106 

5502. Euegetii (Kegel.) ... 2105 

5503. purpureus (Lindl.). ... 2106 
dv. Hsemadictyon (Lindl.) ... dciv 

5504. Buberectam {G. Don.) ... 185? 

5505. Hsematosperinum cv/nea- 

turn (Wall.) 2692 

5506. neriifolium (Wall.) ... 2691 
o5Ci7. riparium (Wall.) .-- 2691 

5508. salicinum (Baill.) .. 2691 
dvi [H^matoxylon {Linn.)-\ jjj- 

L Hsematoxylum {Linn.) \ '" 

5509. campechianum {Linn.). 942 
dvii. Hakea {Schrad..) ... ... dccxci 

5510. acicularis (.Knight.) ... 2485 

5511. brachyrrhyTwa (F. 

Muell.) 2485 

5512. decurrens (R. Br.) ... 2485 
5i;13. eucalyftoides (Meiss.) .. 2486 

5514. fluleHta (Meiss.) 8142-m 

5515. Hakea laui'ina (R. Br.) ... 2486 

5516. mimosoidea (A. Cunn.). 2484 

5517. oblequa (Lodd.) ... 2485 

5518. salicifolia (Sw.) ... 24S9 
6519. saligna (Knight.) ... 2484 

5520. sericca (Schrad.) ... 2485 

5521. Hallia trifoliata (Roth.) 858 

5522. Halodendron Thouarsii 

(R.&S.) 2334 

dviii. Halopyram (Stapf.) ... mxli 

5523. mncronatum (Sto^)/.) ... 3293 
dix. Haloxylon (Bunge) ... dcclx 

552i. Ammodendron (Bunge.) 2383 

5525. persicum (Bunge) ... 2383 

5526. recniTum (Bunge) ... 2382 

5527. Stoclcsii (Hk. f.) ... 2382 
LII. HAMAMELIDCE^ ... XLVI 

5528. Hamatris triphylla (Sa- 

lisb.) 3057 

dx. Hamelia (Jacq.) ... ...cdxciii. 

5529. chrysantha (tiieh.) ... lAHQ 

5530. coccinea (S.W.) ... 1489 

5531. erecta (Jacq.) ... ... 1489 

5532. latifolia (Reichb.) ... 1489 

5533. patens (Jacg.) ... 1489 

5534. sph^rocarpa (Ruiz, ^ 

Pav.) 1490 

5535. verticillata (Moc. & 

Sesse.) 1489 

dxi. Hamiltonia (Boxb.) dxvii 

5536. mysorensis (W.&A.) ... 1592 

5537. propinqua (Dene.) ... 1592 

5538. snaveolens (Roxb.) ... 1592 

5539. suaveolens (D. Don.) ... 1592 
dxii. Hardwickia (Roxb.) ... cccl 

5540. binata (Eox6.) ... ... 974 

5541. pinnata (Roxb.) ... 975 
dxiii. Harpephyllnm (Bernd.) ... cclxix 

5542. caff rum (Bcrnd.) ... 687 
dxiv. Harpullia (Boxb.) ... ccxiix 

5543. cupanioides (Roxh.) ... 642 

5544. imbricata (Thw.) ... 1642 

5545. Harrachia speciosa (Ja,cq.). 224 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



253 



NO. 

dxv. Harrisonia (Br.) ... 
55-tO. liennetii (Hk. f.) 
5r>47. paucijiiga {Oliv.) 
5548. llasskarlia leucacantha 

(Walp.) 

E549. Eastingia coccinea (Sm.). ... 
f5.50. scandens {lioxh,) 

P.feSl. Hehradendron cambo(ji- 

oidrs (Grtsh.) ... 

5552. HecJceria suhpe.ltata 

(Kunth.) 

dxvi. Hedera {Linn.) 

5553. acuviinata (Wi^lit) 

5554. exaltata (Thw.) ... 

5555. Helix (Ltnn.) 

5556. LeschTvaultie (W. Si A..) 

5557. obovata (Wiojht) ... 
55. ")8. raceinosa (Wiglit) 

5559. roxtrata (Wight) 

5560. terebinth a.cea {\ ahl.; 

5561. te.rehlnthacea (Wall.) 

5562. trifoliata{W.&\.) 

5563. Vahlii (Thw.) 

5564. venosa (VVaJl.) 

5565. Wallichiana (Dalz. 

Gibs.) 
dxvii. Hedyohium (Keen.) 
556i>. album (Ham.) 

5567. cernuiun (Wight.) 

5568. ehrysvleucuyn (Hook.) 

5569. coronarinm [Ki^in.) 

5570. Jlavesans (Carey) 

5571. jlavum (Roxb.) 

5572. Gandu.>uiium (Ham.) 

5573. maximum (Eosc.) 

5574. Prophetce ^Ham.) 

5575. ispicatuTn (Lodd.) .. 

5576. aulphiirtuvi (Wall.) 

5577. U7-ophylluni (Lodd.) 

5578. venustuin (Wight) 
dxviii. Hedyotis (Zinn.) 

5579. articularis (Br.) ... 

5580. Beddomid (Hit. /.) 
5o81. buxifolia (Bedd.) 

5582. capitati (Bedd.) 

5583. corymbosa (\Ya.ll.) 

5584. fruticosa (Linn.) ... 

5585. hirsnti.ssima {Bedii.) 

5586. lentiginosa (Bedd.) 

5587. ? Legchenaultiana (D.C.).,. 

5588. prninesa (TF. ^ A.) 

5589. purpurascens {Bedd.) 

5590. stylosa {Br.) 

5591. swertioides (Hfc. /.) ... 

5592. travancorica (Bedd.) 

5593. Tiscida (Bedd.) 

5594. Hedysarum adherens (I'oir.) 

5595. alatum (Roxb.) 

5596. AlTiagi (Linn.) 

5597. arboreum (Koxb.) 

5598. bracteatum (Roxb.) 

5599. Cejplialotes (Roxb.) 

5600. collinum (Roxb.) 

5601. crinituvi (Linn.) ... 



NO. 

clxiii 
430 
430 

3244 
2327 
2327 

174 

2417 
... cdlxix 
... 1410 
... 1415 
... 1419 
... 1939 
... 1H4 
... 1412 
... 1411 
... 1414 
... 1413 
1399 
... 1414 
... 14T3 
& 

1415 

...cinsliv 

... 2990 

.. 2891 

... 2990-a 

... 2990 

... 2990-c 

.. 2990.e 

... 2990 

... 2990-b 

... 2^;90 

... 2990 

...2990-c 

2990-d 

... 2991 

cdlxxxviii 

... 1470 

... :473 

... 1474 

.. 1473 

... 1471 

... 1467 

... 1476 

... 1471 

1469 

1471 

1468 

1469 

1472 

1475 

1477 

802 

801 

783 

796 

870-a 

797 

805 

792 



No. Hedysarum — cont.. 
5602. diffusum (Roxb.) 

gangrticum (Linn.) 

Oibsoni (Grah.) ... 

gyrana (Linn.) 

hamatum (Burm.) 

liamosum (Roxb.) 

heterocarpuvi (Linn.) 

laijcnarium (Ruxb.) 

lagopoides (Burm.) 

latifolium ( Hoxb.) 

Uneatum (Linn.) 

Neli-Tali (Roxb.) 

ormocarpoide.s (Desv.) 

patens (Roxb.) 

pictum (-Jacq.) 

polycarpum fLinn.) 

punctatum (Eottl.) 

purpureum (Roxb.) 

recurvatum (Uoxb.) 

retusum (D. Don.) 

Botteri (Sprensr.) ... 

Roxhurghii (Spreng.) 
sennoidea (Willd.) 
siliguo.vum. (Burni.) 
strobiliferum (Linn.) 
triquetrum. (Linn.) 
iuberosiim. (Roxb.) 
umbellatum (Linn.) 
umbellatum (Roxb.) 
Hedyscepe {H. Wevdl.) 

Canterburyana (H. Wendl.) 3138 
5632. Heinia myrtifolia (Hort 
Bero.) 
Helianthemnm (Toum.) ... L 

barbatum (Noub.) ... 128 

croceum (Tenore.) ... 128 

grandiflorum (D.C.) .,, 128 

yisecum (Boiss.) ... ... 128 

Jieterophyllum (Schcr.) ... 128 
Isevigntum (Scbar.) ... 128 

macranthum (Schur.) ... 128 
mutabile {'Wi\k.) ... ... 128 

nummulariwni (Mill.) ... 128 
ovatiim (Vj-au.) ... ... 128 

roseum (D.C.) 128 

serpifolium (Mill.) ... 128 

tomentosum (Gray.) ... 128 

vnlgare (Gxrtn.) ... 128 

dxxi. Helichrysiim (Gsertn.) dxxiii 

5647. buddlioides (D.C.) ... 1614 

5648. Hoolcerianum (Do.) ... 1614-6 

5649. Wightii (Clarke) ... Ifiis 
dxxii. Helicia (Lour.) ... dcclxxxviii 

5650. nilagirica {Bedd.) ... 2477 

5651. robu.-ita (Bedd.) ... ... 2478 

5652. travancorica {Bedd.) ... 2478 
dxxiii. Heliconia (Schreb) ... ... cn:]vi 

5653. an|'U8tifolia (Hi.) ... 3044 

5654. am-antiaca (HA:.) . .. .3045 

5655. anreo-Btriata (Bull.) ... 3046 

5656. bicolor (Benth.) 3044 

5657. brevispatha (Benth.) ... 3045 

5658. discolor (Sphalm.) ... 3046 

5659. humilis (BmZZ.) S047 



5603 
5604. 

5605. 
5606. 
5607. 
5608. 
5609. 
5610. 
5611. 
5612. 
5613. 
5614. 
5615. 
5616. 
5617. 
5i]18. 
5619. 
5620. 
5621. 
5622. 
5623. 
5624. 
5625. 
5626. 
5627. 
5628. 
o629. 
5030. 
dxix. 
5631. 



dxx. 
5633. 
5634. 
5635. 
5636. 
5637. 
5638. 
5639. 
5640. 
5641. 
5642. 
5643. 
5644. 
5645. 
5646. 



Pt</. 

803 

i'OS 

792 

809 

784 

794 

808 

787 

. 793 

S06 

872 

. 786 

S(i2 

80S 

. 791 

. 808 

. 869 

. 808 

803 

808 

803 

. 803 

. 788 

808 

. 870 

. 801 

832 

796 

797 

cmlxxx 



1310 



254 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Heliconia — cont. no- 

5660. metallica (Planch.) 304.8 

5661. riihro-striata (Hort.) . .30-42-c 
dxxiv. Helicteres {Linn.) cvi 

5662. chry socaly X {^liq.) ... 2S0 
5(j63. glahrescens {W . & A.) ... 280-6 

5664. Isor a. (Linn.) 28-a 

5665. Roxburrj'ii {Ij. Von.) ... 28 

5666. tomentosa (W. & A.) .. 280 

5667. Heliqnie javanica (A. Do.) 18.38 

5668. Rheedei {Wight) 1838 

5669. spirali." {'Vh^v.) ... ... 1838 

dxxv. Helinus (JB. 3/ey.) ccxxxv 

5670 lanceolatus {Brandis.) ... 579 

dxxvi. Heliotropium {Linn.) ... dcliii 

5671. arhorcscen.^ (Linn.) ... 1988 

5672. odoratum (Maencli.) 198 

5673. odorum {i&Ush.) 1988 

5674. peruviannm {Linn.) .. 1988 
.5675. Hellenia Alhoghas (VVilid.). 3006 

5676. grandiflora, (Retz.) . 3000 

5677. mimiahulbifera {K-anih.) ... 3067 

5678. ? d(2mona{K\T.nth.) ... 3055 

5679. ? tomentosa {Kwnih.) ... 305i'. 

5680. Helminthospp.rmum glahre- 

seems {Thw.) ... .2714 

5(iSl. Helygia iavanica {B\.) ... 1838 

5682. Eemichari.^temontani{Kee8.) 22r)6 
dxxvii. Plemicyclia {W.^A.) dcccxx 

5683. Boxirdilloni (Brand.) ... 2599 

5684. e\si-3. {Bedd.) 2602 

.o6S5. lanceoUta (Gamble.) .. 2599 

5086. Forteri {Gamble.) 2600 

5687. Sepiaria(TF.^^yl.) .. 2598 
5687 {bis.) travamorica (Bonard.) 2592 

5688. vennsta(T/i!t'.) ... .. 2601 

5689. SVirhtn {Hk. f.) .. 2603 
dxxviii. HemidestiiDS (-Br.) ... dcxi 

5690. indicus (Br.) ... 1866 

5691. puhescens{W.&A.) ...1866-6 

5692. Wallichii (Miq.) ... 1866 

5693. Uemigymnia MacUodii 

(Griff.) 1975 
dxxix. Hemigyrosa {Bl.) ccxxxix 

5694. canescens (2/iU'.) ... .'.. 626 

5695. deficiens (BetoZd.) 625 

5696. fr ic/iocar^a (Thw.) ... 626 

5697. Hemi<yn,iti>i esctUenta (Kosn.) 3346 

5698. Eemimeris incigifolia {Vera.) 2111 

5699. ^,rti<:sefoUa {W'iUd.) ... 2111 
dxxx. HemiteUa(n'. Rr.) mlis 

5700. Brunoniana (72. Br.) ... 3367 

5701. Hemitomu-i urticagfolius 

(L'Herifc.) 2111 

dxxxi. Heptapleurum {Qxrtn.) edvvi 

6702. ca'pitatuin{^eera.) .. ... 1416 

5703. digitatum (11. Br.) ... 1413 

5704. ellipticum (Seem.) .. 1413 

5705. racemosum {Bedd.) ... 1412 

5706. rostratum {Bedd.) ... 1411 

5707. stellatam {Gasrtn.) ... 1414 
.5708. venulosum {Seem.) ... 1413 
5709. Wallichianum (CZarftfi) ... 1415 

dxxxii. Heritiera {Ait.) civ 



NO", 

27' 



xo. Heritiera - cont. 

5710. Fomes (Wall.) 

5711. littoralis {Drynnd.) ... 27' 

5712. Papilio (Bedd.) ... 27° 
dxxxiii. Heritiera (Retz.) ciuxlix 

5713. Allughas (Retz.) 3006 

5714. aquatica (Retz.) 3009 

5715. Hermann ia alnif(jlia 

(Wall.) .. 213 

dxxxiv I nerrna.Ma{Bonmg.) [ ^^^^^^^ 
( tlernandia — {Lvnn.) J 

5716. bivalvis {Benth.) ... 2473 

5717. Sonera {Linn.) ... ... 2474 

5718. Hesperethusa acidissima 

(Foem.) 399 

5719. avibigua (Roem.) ... ... 399 

5720. crenu^ata (RcBm.) . ... 399 
dxxxv. Heteropanax {Seem.) cdlxviii 

5721. fragrans (Seem.) ... ... 1418 

dxxxvi. Heterophragiua {D.''.) delxxxvii 

5722. adenophyllum (Seem.) .. 2139 

5723. chenoloides (Dalz. & Gibs.) 2149 

5724. Roxburghii (D.G.) 2138 

5725. suaveolene (Dalz. & Gibs.) 2150 
dxxxvii. Ueteropteris {H.B.§~ 

K.) ... ... ... oxxix 

5726. lanrifolia (4. Jua.'?.) ... 357 
dxxxnii. Heterostemma {W.^A.) 

dcxxxvi 

5727. tanjorense (TF.^J.) ... 1919 
dxxxix. Hevea (J.w6i.) ... dcccxxvii 

5728. brasiliensis {M\Lell.) 2620 

5729. Spruceana {Muell.') ... 2021 
dxl. Hewittia {W.^-A.) dclx 

5730. bicolor {Wight) .. 2156 
573 i. Hexacentris acuviinnta 

(jSTces.) .. ... 2466 

5732. coccmea (Nees.) . .. 2166 

5733. fZeniato (Nees.) ... ... 2166 

5734. my soi-ensis {Wight) .. 2167 

5735. Hexadirna angustifolia (Ra- 

fin.) 2572 

dxli. Heynea (Eoa;6.) ... clxxxvii 

5736. affinis (.Jnss.) 472 

5737. connaroides (Wight) ... 472 

5738. quinquejuga (Roxb.) ... 472 

5739. trifoliaia (Juss.) .. 471 

5740. trijuga {Roxb.) 472 

dxlii. Hibisctii {Medi/r.) ... ... xoiii 

5741. acertfoliu.-i (D.O.) 240 

5742. aculeatm {Hox^b.) ... 236 
574.1. w.ituan.-; (Rottl.) .. ... 245 

5744. cesluan.'i (Waa.) 240 

5745 asperatus (Wail.) ... 240 

5746. bifurcatus [Hoxh.) ... 236 

5747. borbonicm (Wight) ... 239 

5748. canes-ens (Heyne.) ... 239 
5748 {bis.) cannaWnue (Linn.) 240 (bi.o.) 

5749. clamestinus CCav.) ... 238 

5750. cocciiieus (IFait.) .. 248 

5751. collinus (Roajfc.) ... . 240 

5752. coriaceus (Heyne) .. 235 

5753. crotonifolius (Wall.) ... 235 
5753 {bis.) cuspidatus (Ed gew.) 239 {bia. 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



255 



NO. Hibiscns — cont, no. 

5754. F.latus (Sip.) 242 

5755. eriocar^iM.s- (Dh.) 240 

57.5"i {bis.) ficulnous (Linn.) 238 (bis.) 

57 "jG. furcatns (Roxb.) .. ... 23G 

57">7. gonj/eftcit.s (Roxb.) ... 25! 

5758. hetcrophvlliis {Vent.) ... 250 

5759. hirtus (Linn.) 237 

5760. hispidisimtis (GriS.) ... 23G 

5761. Zawijjas. (Oav.) 251 

57G2. liliiflorus {Linn.) ... 249 

5763. micranthns (Linn.) ... 238 

5761. mutabilis {Linn.) ... 245 

5764 {bis.) obtusifolius (Willd.) 239 {bis.) 

5765. ovalifolius (Vahl.) ... 23S 

57GG. Pater.'ion a (Ait.), 211 

5767. Patersonius (Andr.) ... 2ll 

57G8. populneoides {llox\).) ... 252 

57G9. populneus (Lii;n ) ... 252 

r:>7&9 {bis.) prostratus(Roxh.) 288 (bis.) 

5770. 'pteri.ii'permoide.^ (Wi;,'ht). 235 

5771. rhombifolius (Cav.) ... 247 

5772. rigidus {Litin. f.) ... 238 

5773. Rosa-malabarica (Ker.) ... 237 

5774. Rosa-sineiisia (Linn). ... 244 

5775. schizopetalns {Ek.f.) ... 247 

5776. septemnervosus (Wif^ht). 239 
5770 {bis.) scrretus{WaU.) ' 239 {bi.^.) 

5777. simplex (Roxb.) ... 240 
5777 {bis.) .Hnuatus (Cav.) 238 {bis.) 

5778. .^uborbiculatus (Wall) ... 238 

5779. syriaous (Linn.) ... 246 

5780. tetralocularis (Koxb.) ... 251 

5781. tiliaceTis (Linn.) ... 241 

5782. tortuosus {\ioxh.) .. 24L 

5783. tricuspis (Ban^s.) .. 243 
5783 {bis.) truncacus (Ro.\b.) 239 {bis.) 
5783 {tris.) vitifDlins {Linn.) 239 {bis.) 
5783 (tetr.) wightianus {Wa]].) 240 (bis.) 

5784. zeijlanicus (Linn.) ... 232 

5785. Eigginsia Qhiesbreghtii ... 1511 

5786. Hildegardia populifolia 

(Br.) 274 

dxliii. Hippocratea {Linn). ccxxii 

5787. Arnot'-iana (Wight) . 547 

5788. barbata (F. Muell.) ... 546 

5789. ? dispe^ma (Wall.) ... 549 

5790. enonymoidfs (Vahl.) ... 549 

5791. Grahami (mg//<) ... 548 

5792. ? grandifora (Wall.) ... 546 

5793. indica (Willd.) 549 

5794. Za«ceoZea«a (Wall.) ... 548 

5795. obtnsifolia (Roxh.) ... .546 

5796. obtusifolia (Koxh.) ... 549 

5797. rigida (Hamp.) ... 456 

5798. tortitosa (Wall.) .^ 546 

5799. volubilis (lleyne) ... 54(i 
xliv. Hiptage (Gcertn.) cxxviii 

5800. Madablota (Gcertn.) ... 355 

5801. parvifolia(n'.^.4.) ... 356 
dxlv. Hircea (.Tacq.) cxxxi. 

5802. cordata (Heyne) ... 361 

5803. indica (Roxb.) 359 

5804. nutans {Wall.) 361 



NO. Hircea — cont. no. 

5805. oxyvhylla (Wall.) ... 359 

dxlvi, Hoffmannia (Sv:.) cdxcviii 

580G. Ghiosbreght.ii (JJmsi.) ... 1511 

dxlvii. Hclarrhena (Br.) dxcii 

5809. antklyHentevica, (Wall.) ... 1833 

5810. malaccensis (Wight) ... 1833 

5811. pubescens{\Nd^.\.) ... 1838 

5812. villosa (Ait.) 1833 

dxlviii. Holigarna (Ham.) cclxvi 

5813. Arnottina (J7^. /.) ... 677 

5814. Beddomei(77*./) 680 

5815. ferruginea (March.) ... G78 
581G. Grahamii (/Ife./.) ...' 679 

5817. longifolia (W.&A.) ... G77 

5818. nigra (Bourd.) 676 

dxlix. Holmskioldia (Retz.) dccxxxii 

5819. rubra (Pers.) ... ... 2327 

5S20. Sangninea (Retz.) ... 2327 

5821. Holopeira auriculata 

(Miers) 87 

5822. australis (Mmrs) ... 86 

5823. fusiformis (Miers) ... ,86 

5824. Iseviuscula (Miers) ... 87 

5825. laurifolia (Miers) ... 86 

5826. villosa (Miers) ... 87 
dl. Holoptelea (Planch.) dccclxii 

5827. integrifolia (Planch.) ... 2710 
dli. Holostemma (Br.) dcxxvi 

5828. Adalcodien(B.&i^.) ... 1887 

5829. Brum,onianum (Royle) ... 1887 

5830. f ragr ans (WaAl.) .. 1887 

5831. B.heedei (Wall.) ... 1887 
dlii. Homalium (.Tacq.) cdxliv 

5832. nepalense (Benth.) ... 13.39 

5833. tomPiitosum (Benth.) ... 1339 
.5834. travancoricum (Bedd.) ... 1341 

5835. Zeyianicum (Benth.) ... 1340 
dliii. HomcQoia (Lour.) dcccliii 

5836. riparia (Lour.) 2691 

583Q (bis.) Tetusm (Muell) 2692 

dliv. Hopea (Roxb.) Ixxxiii 

5837. glabra (/T.^.l.) ... 205 

5838. longifolia (Dyer.) ... 208 

5839. malabarica (Bedd.) ... 206 

5840. parviflora (Bedd.) ... 203 

5841. racemosa (Dalz. & Gibs.) 1739 

5842. racopbla?a (Byer.) ... 2U6 

5843. spicdta (Dalz. & Gibs.). .. 1725 

5844. Wightiana (HaZZ.) 204 
dlv. Hovea (Ait.) cclxxvii 

5845. apiculata (Alamm.) ... 700 

5846. Celsi (Boub.) 699 

5847. chorizemasfolia (B.C.) .. 698 

5848. elliptica (Meis.) ... 699 

5849. ilicifolia (A. Conn.) ... 698 

5850. lanceolata (Sims.) ... 700 

5851. lanigera (Lodd.) ... 700 

5852. latifolia (Lodd.) ... 699 
5858. mucronata (A. Cunn.) ... 700 

5854. pannosa (A. Cunn.) ... 700 

5855. pnngens (Benth.) ... 701 

5856. purpurea (Sweet.) ... 700 

5857. racemulosa (Benth.) .. 700 



256 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



No. Hovea — coni. No. 

5858. ramulosa (A. Cnnn.) .. 700 

5859. rosmarinifolia (A. Cuan.) 700 

5860. ulicina (Meis.) 701 

5861. villosa {lAnA.) 701 

dlvi. Hovenia {Thivnb.) ccxxx 

5862. acerba (Lindl.) 571 

5863. dulcis (r/iwwb.) 571 

5864. incequalis (Die.) ... ... 57 1 

(ilvii. Howea (Becc.) cmlxxviii 

5865. Belmoreana {Becc.) ... 3135 
58»j6. Forsteriaua (Becc.) ... 3136 
dlviii. Hoya (Br.) dcxxxviii 

5867. carnosa (Br.) 192S 

58n8. chinensis {Trni].) ... 1928 

5869. crassifolia (Haw.) ... 1928 

' 5870. Hoekeriana (Wight) ... 1923 

5871. imperialis (Xiridi.) ... 1924 

5872. ovalifolia (TF.^^-.l.) ... 1926 

5873. pallida (Dalz. & (iibs) ... 1925 

5874. pallida {hindl.) 1923 

5875. parasitica (Wall.) 1923 

5876. panciflorv (Wight) ... 1922 

5877. pendnla (Wight) ... 1927 

5878. pendula{W.&A.) .. 1925 

5879. picta (Rort.) ... ... 1928 

5880. planifora (Wall.) ... 1916 

5881. retusa (Dalz.) 1921 

5882. speciosa (Dene.) 1924 

5883. veriagata (Hieh.) ... 1928 

5884. viridiflora (Br.) ... ... 1918 

5885. Wightiana (Thu.) .. 1922 

5886. Wightii (Hfe. /.) ... 1925 
rilix. Hugonia (Linn.) cxxv 
j;8S7. Mvstax (Linn.) ... 347 

5888. obovata (Ham.) 347 

dlx. Humboldtia (Fa'ii.) ccclvi 

5889. aZata(Laws.) 987 

5889 (bix.) Boiirdilloni (Wain.) 986 (bis.) 

5890. Brunonis (Wall.) ... 985 

5891. decuTTe-na (Bed.) ... 987 

5892. lanrifolia (Vahl.) 983 

5893. -anijuga (Bedd.) ... 994 

5894. Yahhuna (Wight.) ... 996 
dlxi. Hnmulus (Linn.) dccclxxvii (iis.) 

5895. aculeatus (Nutt.) 2766 (ii^.) 

5896. japonicns (Sieb. ^ Zuc.). 2766 

(^i,s.) 

5897. Lupulus (Thnnh.) 27-i6 (bis.) 

5898. lutescena (Ho t.'i 2715-6 
dlxii. Hnnteria (Eoajb.) dixxxiii 

5899. atroviridi-t (Wall.) ... 1841 

5900. corymboSM (Roxb.) ... 1817 

5901. eugenifolia (WfiU.) ... 1842 

5902. RoxUvrghiana (Wi^ht) ... 1817 

5903. zeylanica (Ciaid ) ... 1817 
dlxiii Hura (Linn.) dccclxi 

5904. brasiliensis (Willi.) ... 2709 
.')905. crepitans (Linn.) ... 2709 

5906. senegalensi.<i (Bail].) .. 2709 

5907. strepens (Willd.) ... 270-3 
dlxiv. Hydnocarpus (Gaertn.) Iviii 

5908. alpina (Wight.) ... 143 

5909. inebrian.^ (Wall.) ... 142 
5909 (L) venenata (Gsest.) ... 14i2-a 



No. Hydnocarpua — cont 
' Wightiana (Bl.) 
Ifydrau.gea (Linn.) 
acuininata (Sieb.) 
Eortensia (Sieb.) 
hortensis (Sm.) 
'japonica (Sieb.) 
■mutabilis (S^'eud.) 
opuloides (Steud.) 
Otak.m (Sieb.) 
pauiculata (Sieb.) 



NO 

142 
ccclxxxix 
... 1122 
-. 1122 
... 1122 
... 1122-6 
... 1122 
... 1122 
... 1122 
... 1122 
dlxvi. Hydriastele (H. Wendl.) crulxxix 

5919. Wendlandiana (H. 

Wendl.) 3137 

5920. Hylogyne specio-^a 

(SaHsb.) 2487 

dlxvii. Hymenffia (Linn.) ... cc-cli 

5921. animifera (Stokei^.) .. 976 

5922. Courbaril (Linn.) ... 976 

5923. resi/nifera (Salisb.) 



5910. 
dl.xv. 
591 :. 
5H12. 
5913. 
5914. 
5915. 
5916. 
.5917. 
5918. 



dlxviii. 

5924. 

5925. 

5926. 

5927. 

5928. 

6929. 



976 

Hymenodictyon (Wall.) cdlx\;xiv 

.. 1457 

.. 1457 

.. 1458 

.. 1457 

.. 1157 

. 1457 

cmlxxiii 

3125 

3126 



excel sum (Wall.) 
Horsfieldianum (Miq.) 
obovafcum (Wall.) 
ohovatwm (VVig-ht) 
thyrsifiorum (Wall.) 
utile (Wight) 
dl.dx. Hyophorbe (Gcertn.) 
5930 Cominersoniana (Mart.) 

5931. Yerschaffelti (R. Wendl.) 

5932. Hyperanthera decandra 

(Willd.) 689 

5933. Mfjrinm (Vahl.) ... 689 
LIII. H'fPKEr'CACE^ ... XIV 

5934. Hypericinea avgt(,stata 

(Wall.) 669 

dlxx. Hypericnm (Linn.) Ixvii 

5935. littenutum (Cboisy.) ... 198 

5936. oureuni (Lour.) ... ... Ib5 

5937. chinensis (Linn.) .. 165 

5938. Hookerianam ( JF.^A.) 167 

5939. myrtifolium (Spach.) ... 166 
5940 mysorense (Heyne.) ... 166 
59 il. oblongifolium (Hook.) ... 1H7 
5942. oblongifolium (Wall.) ... 168 
5913. patiilam (T/iunb.) ... 168 
594t. sinen^e (Gmel.) ... ... 165 

5945. Ur alum CKom.) 168 

5946. Flupodematiuni onustum 

' (Kuntze.) 3355 

5947. Ruppellianum (Ktintze.) 3355 

5948. Hypserpa cuspidnta (Miers.) 84 

5949. pauciflora (Miers) ... 84 

5950. prsevaricata (Miers) ... 84 

5951. unijlora (Miers) ... 84 

I 
LIY. IOACIMaCE. ... XXXIII 

dlxxi. Ichnecarpus (Br.) dcx 

5952. dasycalyx (Miq.) ... ... 1865 

5953. frutesceus (Br.) 1865 

5954. leptodictyus(MucU.) ... 1865 

5955. radican.i (Wall.) 1865 

5956 Idea dentata (D. C.) ... 397 

5957. indica (W.&A.) .. 445 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



267 



NO. 

dixxii. Ilex (Lian.) 

bVo8. Bonplandiana (Mneot.) 

5059. cornuta (Lindl.) 

5960. curidbensis (3Ji< rs) 
59t:i. denticulata (/Fai/.) 

5962. emarginella (Turcz.) 

5963. Gardiieriana ('-Vight) ... 

596 1. malaharica (Bedd.) 
5965. .Va«e (A.St.Hil.) 
5006. riiigirica (Miq.) 

5967. paragiMriensiit (D. Don.; 

5968 paragaensis (A.St. Hil.) 

5969. sorbitis (Beiss.) ... 

6970. theazans (I'cjnpl.) 

5971. vestita (Reiss.) ... 

5972. Walked {Wt. ^- Gard.) ... 

5973. Walieri (Tnrcz.) 

5974. Wightiana {Wall.) 

5975. Wightiana (Dalz. ^" Gibs.) 
5-'76. Illecebruyn javanicum 

(Ait.) 

dlsxiii. JUicium (J.inn.) 

5977. anisatum {Linn.) 

dlxxiv. Impotiens (Lmn.) 

•5978. biglandulosa (Moon) 

5979. fraticosa {D.O.)... 

598J. grandis (Heune.) 

5681. Hookeriana (Arn.) 

dlxxv. Imperata {C>irill.) ... 

5982. Allang (.Jun^'h.) ... 

5.^83. amndinacea (Cyrill.) 

5984. condensata (Steud.) 

5985. cylindrica (Beauv.) 

5986. filifolia (Xees.) 

5987. Kcenigii (Beaav.) 

5988. pedicellata (Steud.) 

5989. Sieberi (Opiz.) 

5990. Sisca (Beaav.) .. 
5091. spontanea (Beauv.) 

5992. Thicnbergii (Nees.) 
dlxxvi. Indigofera (Linn.) 

5993. adenophulla (Srah.) 

5994. ariorea (Roxb.) ... 

5995. arcuaUi (Wiild.) 

5996. argentea {Linn.) 

5997. argentea (Roxb.) 

5998. argentea (WaU.) 

5999. armata (Wall.) 

6000. articulata (Gowan.) 

6001. a.-ipalathifolia (Roxb.) 

6002. aspalatboides ( VaM.) 
60«''3. ati'opurpurea (Honi.) 

6004. brach'jcarpa (Grah.) 

6005. cxrulea (Roxb.) ... 

6006. canescens (Grah.) 

6007. cane-^cens (Lamk.) 

6008. ca.tsioides (R^>ttl.) 

6009. cinerea (Willd.) ... 

6010. congesta (Grah.) 

6011. desmodioides[^eu.t\:.) 

6012. elliptica (Roxb.) 

6013. Ftnluysoniana (Wall.) 

6014. Jiaccida (Keen.) 

17 



NO. 

'ocxi 
507 
506 
507 
51C 
509 
511 
508 
507 
510 
507 
507 
507 
507 
507 
509- 
509 
512 
508 



... 2374 
rii 
17 
cxxxvi 
368 
... 367 
... 369 
368 
mxxxiii 
... 32^0 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3280 
... 3283 
... 3280 
cclxxxiv 
747 
758 
742 
... 753 
... 752 
749 
.. 749 
753 
746 
7i6 
.. 757 
753 
753 
747 
.. 749 
758 
749 
... 747 
... 789 
758 
756 
750 



-NO. Indigofera — cont. no. 

6015. Jiexuosa (Grab.) ... 774 

6016. foliolosa{(.Wa.\\.) ... ... 755 

6017. galegoides (D.C.) ... 756 

6018. Gibsanii (Grab.) . ... 758 

6019. glaucencens (Grah.) ... 758 

6020. Hamiltonii (Grah.) ... 757 

6021. hedysaroides {La.mk.) ... 749 

6022. heterophylla {Roxh.) ... 752 

6023. inanij^na (Thn.) ... 755 

6024. indica (Lamk.) . ... 754 

6025. Jirahulia (Ham.) ... 758 

6026. Leschenaultu (D.C.) ... 749 

6027. marginulata {Grah.) ... 751 

6028. moliu:cana (D.C.) ... 747 

6029. mucronata (UpTeng.) ... 750 

6030. multicauU 3 (D.C.) ... 747 

6031. mysoreDsid {Rottl.) ... 7-59 

6032. orixensis (Roxb.) ... 747 

6033. paaciiolU {Delile.) ... 752 

6034. peregrina (D.C.) ... 747 
6.'35. polyphylla (Heyne.) ... 759 
6336. polyphvlla (Rottl.) ... 755 

6037. pnlchella (2ioa;6.) ... 8 

6038. purpurascens (Roxb.) ... 758 

6039. retuia (Grah.) 753 

6040. rigida (Willd.) 749 

6041. scatra (Roth.) 7-50 

6042. subulata ( Fa/iZ.) ... 750 

6043. sumatrana (Gasrtn.) ... 754 

6044. ternata (Roxb.) 749 

6045. Thonningii (Sch. & Th.) 7-50 

6046. timoriensis (Willd.) ... 749 
60i7. tinctoria (Linn.) ... 754 

6048. tinctoria (Forsk.) ... 653 

6049. ti-ifoliata {Linn.) ... 7-k7 

6050. trita {Linn, f.) 7*9 

6051. verrucosa {Grah.) ... 758 

6052. vestita {Baker.) 748 

6053. violacea (Roxb.) ... 758 

6054. virgata (D.C.) 749 

6055. Wjghtii {Grah.) ... 755 

6056. ZoUingeriana (Miq.) ... 756 
dlxvii. IngB, {Willd.) ... cccxxxii 

6057. annularis (Grah.) ... 1055 

6058. bigemina (Willd.) ... 1055 

6059. corcondiana (D.C.) ... 1054 

6060. cynometi oides {Bedd.) 1058 

6061. dolabriformis {Giah.) ... 1002 
G062. dulcis (Willd.) ... 1052 

6063. fastigiata (Willd.) ... 1041 

6064. Jhxv.osa (Grah.) 1053 

6065. gewiTiato (W. <t A.) ... 1053 
6065. (bis.) hf-ematoxvlon (Gag.) 1051(*ts.) 

6066. Kcenigii {W .& A.) ... J053 

6067. lif^nosa (Grah.) 1002 

606-. liicida {Wall.) 1055 

6069. mman (Willd.) ... . 10-57 

6070. sassa (Steed.) ... ... :041 

6071. umb-'lata (Willd.) .. I0f4 

6072. ventricosa {Grah.) ... 1050 

6073. Wightiana {Gra,h.) ... 1055 
6074 xylocarpa (DC.) ... 1002 

dlxxviii. Ipomsea {Linn.) .. dclviii 



258 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Ipomfea — cont. 

6076. aculeala (Bl.) 

6077. acuminata (Ecem. Sf Sch.) 

6078. anceps (R. & S.) 

6079. angvlari!^ (Chois.) 

6CH0. atro^anguinea (Hook.) ... 

6081. harhata (Roth.) 

6082 t.arlerioides (B«ni?i.) 

6083. bicoior (Sweot.) 

6084. bifida (Roth.) 

608.5. hiloba (Forsfc.) 

6086. hlanda (lapsu. Olanda.) 

(Svre&t.) 

6087. Bona-nox (Lirm.) 

6088. Bona-nox (Bl.) 

6089. bracteata (TFrgTiO 
0090. hracteata (Bl.) 

6091. bracteata {Grsih.) 

6092. caliginosa (Chois.) 

6093. calj c'ma, {Benth.) 

6094. campanulata (Linn.) ... 

6095. canpscens (G. Don.) 

6096. capitellata (Chois.) 

6097. c'iriosepala (Klotz.) 

6098. carnea (Jacg.) 

6099. chryseides {Ker.) 

6100. ooccinea {Lmn.) 

6101. cymosa (H. & S.) 

6102. dasysperma (Jacq.) 

6103. dentata (^'^ihd.) 

6104. digitata (Lmw.) 
61C5. Dillenii (K. & S.) 

6106. dusecte (Chois.) 

6107. ellipfic" (Roth.) 

6108. eriocarpa (Br.) ... 

6109. eriosperma (Beauv.) 

6110. gangetica (Sweet.) 

6111. glaberrima {Bojer.) 

6112. gossypifolia (Willd.) 

6113. grandijlora (Lamb.) 

6114. gvandiflora (Roxb.) 

6115. hederacea (Jacq.) 

6116. hepaticif'lia (Linn.) 

6117. Eeynei (R. & S.) 

6118. Heynei (Wall.) 

6119. Uspida (R. & S.) 

6120. Horsfallia? (HA:.) 

6121. Hoolceri (G. Don.) 
6122.- Eor.-^fieldia^^n (Miq.) 

6123. imhricda (Roth.) 

6124. imperialis {Hort.) 

6125. insignis (Andr.) 

6126. insuavis (Bl.) 

6127. JciZapa (Sch. & Dep.) .. 

6128. jucunda (Thu.) 

612^. kentrocaulis (Clarke) .. 

6130. Kleiniana (R. & S.) 

6131. laurifolia (S.veet.) 

6132. Leari(Paa;«.) 

6133. liguhita {Bo^er.) 

6134. longljiora (Br.) 

6135. macranifi-a (U. & S.) 

6136. malaharica (R. & K.) .. 

6137. maritima {Br.) ... 



NO. 


NO. Ipom a?a— ccmf. 


NO. 


2ul5 


6138. 


mauritiana (Jacq.) 


. 2033 


2026 


6139. 


melanufiticta (G. Don.) .. 


. 1992 


2046 


6140. 


mni-icata (Jacq.) ... 


. 2016 


2048 


6141. 


mutahilis (K. Gawl.) 


. 2026 


2008 


6142. 


Nil (Koth.) 


. 2020 


2020 


6143. 


noctijlora Griff.) .. 


. 2015-b 


2032 1 


6144. 


noctiluca (Herb.) 


. 2015-6 


2056 


6145. 


obscura (Ker.) 


. 2039 


2044 


6146. 


ochroleuca (Spanog.) 


. 203:> 


2047 


6147. 


ocularis (Bai^tl.) ... 


. 2039 




6148. 


palmata (Forsk.) ... 


. i052 


2044 


6149. 


paniculata (Br.) ... 


. 2033 


2015 


61.^0. 


pendula (Br.) 


. 2052 


2015 


6151. 


Pes-C(jpro} (Roth.) 


. 2047 


2035 


6152. 


Pes-tigridis (Linn.) 


2036 


20.i6 


6153. 


petaloidea (Chois.) 


. 2045 


1999 


6154. 


phcenicea (Roxb.) 


. 2018 


2044 


6155. 


platevsis (Ker.)... 


.. 2033 


2031 


615G. 


pulchella (Roth.) 


.. 2052 


2043 


6157. 


punctata (Pers.) ... 


.. 2020 


2055 


6158. 


Purga (Heyne.) 


.. 2028 


2036-c 


6159. 


purpurea (Lamk.) 


.. 2029 


2031 


6160. 


Quamoclit (Lmn.) 


.. 2019 


2030 


6161. 


racemosa (Roth.) 


.. 2042 


2038 


6162. 


Bothii(B. & S ) ... 


.. 2044 


2018 


6163, 


Roxburghii (Steud) 


..2015-b 


2044 


6164. 


rabrocaerulea (Hfc.) 


.. 2023 


2053 


6165. 


sagittata (Roxb.) ... 


.. 2031 


2038 


6166. 


senegalensis (Lamk.) 


. . 2052 


2033 


6167. 


sepiaria (Keen.) ... 


.. 2041 


2020 


6168. 


sessi era (Roth.) 


.. 2037 


2051 


6169. 


sinuaia (Orteg.) . 


.. 2051 


2013 


6170. 


speciosa (Bl.) 


.. 1993 


2037 


6171. 


sphorocepkala (Sweet.) 


.. 2037 


2033 


6172. 


aplendens (Sims.) 


.. 1994 


1P92 


6173. 


stapbylina (E. c}- S.) 


.. 2042 


2017 


6174. 


stipulacea (Jacq.)... 


.. 2052 


2033 


6175. 


stipulacea (Sweet.) 


..2041-b 


2017 


6176. 


Stocksii (Clarke.)... 


.. 2040 


2015 


6177. 


.■striata (Koth.) ... 


.. 2041 


2020 


6178. 


><trigosa(Roth..) 


.. 2014 


203(;-* 


6179. 


suhtriflora (ZoU.) 


.. 2038 


2C44 


C180. 


subtrilohcns (Miq.) 


. 204i-b 


2041 


6181. 


tamnifolia (Btirm.) 


.. 2036-c 


2137 


6182. 


tilicvJoUa (K,. & S.) 


.. 1992 


2021 


6183. 


timorensiii (Bl ) ... 


... 2056 


2023 


6184. 


triqueira (R. & S.) 


.. 2046 


2037 


6185. 


Tuba (G. Bon.) ... 


.. 2017 


2010 


6186. 


tubercuJata (Ker.) 


.. 2053 


2027 


6187. 


tvberculata (R. & S.) 


... 2052 


2033 


6188. 


tuberosa (Linn.) .. 


.. 2050 


2039 


6189. 


tuherosa (G. Mey.) 


... 2033 


2028 


6190. 


ttibertisa (A. Rich.) 


... 2049 


2017 


6191. 


Turpetham (l^r.) 


... 2046 


. 2049 


6192. 


tyrianthiana (Lindl.) 





1997 


6193. 


\ersioolor (Meiss.) 


9 


. 2f'13 


6194. 


vitil'olia (Sweet.) ... 


... 2048 


. 2022 


6195. 


Weinmanni (R. & S.) 


2056 


. 2037 


6196. 


Wifihtii (Chois.) 


... 2034 


. 2017 


6197. 


xanthantha (Kurz.) 


... 2045 


. 2017 


e.198. 


eeylayiica (Giertn.) 


... 1995 


. -2^2 


6199. 


I'esine javanica (Burm.) 


... 2374 


. 2047 


6200. 


Isawa allicia (Comm.) 


... 1906 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



259 



NO. 

6201. Ischnroehloa 

(Buse.) 

dixxix. Isonandra (Wig^t) 

fi20'^. acuminata ( Drill y.) 

tj;;03 CandolMana (Wi<;ht) 

6204. fli}.>lostfmoii (Clarke) 

(3205. liinceolata (Wight) 

6206. Ferrottetiana (Wight) 

("207. Ferrottetiana (A.l5o.) 

6208. w?/oaa (Wight) ... 

fi20f<. Itea spinosa (.\ndr.) 

dlxxx. Ixorti (Linn.) 

6210. aji>,ia (Wall.) 

(32ll. alba (Linn.) 

6212. oiba(Roxb.) 

0213. arborea (Koxb.i .,. 

6214. Arnotttana (JMiq.)... 

6215. cttennatx [WuU.) ... 

6216. Bandhuca (Roxb.) 
6217 larbata Berl.) 
6218. blanla (Ker.) 
'■219. braehiata (Roxb.) .. 
6220. chinensis (Lamk.) 
62il. coccinea (Linn.) ... 

6222. coccinea (Curt.) ... 

6223. eorymbosa (Heyne) 

6224. crocatu (Lindl.) ... 

6225. deapiens (\KC.) ... 

6226. ' densa (Br.) 

6227. dubia (Schnlt.) .. 

6228. elon>,'ata (Heyne) 
6329. grandiftora (Br.) .. 

6230. grand'flora (Schlecht.) 

6231. grandis tMiq.) 

6232. incarnata (D.G.) ... 

6233. incarnata (Roxb.) 

6234. J .hnaoni (HTc.f.) .. 

6235. nucW'ida (Thw.) (pcirt) 

6236. lanceclari^ (Colebr.) 

6237. leucantha (Heyne) 

6238. montana (^liq.) ... 

6239. nigricans (Br.) 

6240. Xotoniana (Wall.) 

6241. obovatu (He>ne) ... 
62^2. obtusiti (Uu[.) ... 

6243. paniculata (Lamk.) 

6244. pai viflora (Vakl.) 

6245. Pavetta (Andr.) ... 

6246. Pavetta (Roxh ) ... 

6247. pedunculatu (Dab.) 
624*<. polyantha (IFig^t.) 

6249. propinqua (Hr.) ... 

6250. rosea (Wall.) 

6251. ro.'-ea (Sims.) 

6252. st-iicta (Roxb.) 

6253. rhozetia(V. UueV..) 

6254. tovientosa 'Roxb.) 

6255. Wallichii (Wight) 

6256. n'ightiana (Wall.) 



dixxxii. Jacaranda (Ju5s.) . 
6257. ovalifolia (R. Br.) 

17-A 



NO. 

fioribunda 
3302 

dlvii 
. 1681 
. 1682.r? 
. 1683 
. 1682 
..]682-« 
,. 1682-d 
. 1682 -c 
. 145 
dvii 
- 1542 

1541 
. 1539-e 
. 1537 
. 1536 
. 1575 
. 1538-6 
. 1532 
. "i539 
. 1536 
. 1540 
. 1538 
. 1539-c 
. 1534 
. 1539 
. 1537 
. 1542 
. 15.39 
. 1.535 
. 1538 

1532 
. 1634 
. 1538 
. 1539 
. 1533 
. 1537-6 
. lo.'U 
. 1531 
. 1463 
. 1542 
. 1,532 
. 1538 
. 1536 
.1542-.a 



. 1537 

. 1537 
1543 a 

. 1535 

. 1534 

. 1538 

. 1539 

. 1539 

. 1539 

. 1500 
. 1543-c 

. 1531 

. 15.32 



dcxc 
2148 



NO. Jacaranda — emit. no. 

625S. minosfolia (B. Bon.) ... 2148 

dixxxxii. Jacxbinia (Marie.) dccxiii 

6259. carnea (Benti,. ^ Hk.) ... 2262 

6260. coccinea ( Heirn.'* 2263 

6261. pauciflora (Benth. 8r Hk.). 2265 

6262. Pohliana (Bcnth.'^ Hk.). 2264 
dlxxxiii. Jacqaemoirtia (C/iots.) dclix 

6263. caerulea (Chois.) 2054 

6264. violacea (Chois.) 2055 

dLxxxiv. Jacquinia (Linn.) ... dliii 

6265. mscifolia (Lirm.) . 1676 

6266. .Jambolifera peiwnculata 

(Gaertn.) 1258- e 

6267. ptdunculata vVahl.) ... 388 

6268. Jamlosa alia (Knmph.) ... 1232 
626P. acquea(D.(:.) 1230 

6270. bracPata (Miq.) 1242 

6271. cyliiidrica {Thn.) ... ■ .. 1237 

6272. domestica (E-umph.) ... 1228 

6273. lt(JEa(B\.) 1236 

6274. macrophylla (B.C.) ... 1232 
6v75. mad,'Jigscariensis(ljl.) ... 1230 

6276. malaccensis (IJ.C.) ... 1228 

6277. nigra (Rnmph.) 1228-b 

6278. pavcijiora (Dalz. & 

Gibs.) 1236-6 

6279. pulchella (Miq.) 1260 

62S0. purpurascens (D.C.) ... 1228 
6281. purpurea (Wall.) ... 1229-6 
62.>2. Samarangensis (D.C). 1229, 1232 

6283. vulgaris (B.C.) 1231 

6284. Janipha Manihot (H.B. 

&K) 2631 

dlxxxv. Jasminum (Linn.) ... dlxv 

6285. acuminatum. (Heyne) ... 1768 

62S6 a^-ie (Wight) 1766 

62S7. anastomosans (Wall.) ... 1758 

6288. angcstifolium (WaJil.) .. 1760 

62S9. angustifolium (Wall.) .. 1759 

Cyidl, arboresf-ens (Roxb.) ... 1755 

6291. arloreum (R. & 3.) ... 1755 

62P2. aureum (B . Bon.) ... 1775 

6293. auricnlatum (Vahl.) ... 1769 

6294. azoiicuu. (Lirm.)... ... 1770 

6295. azoricujn (Heyne) ... 1768 

6296. iignoniaceum (Wall.) ... 1772 

6297. Iructeatum (Heyne) ... 1753 

6298. iracteatum (Wight) ... 1752 

6299. brevilobum (A.Dc.) ... i:'67 

6300. calopbyllu^ (Wall.) ... 1771 
6.301. ohrysanthemum (\i.QXh.)... 1772 

6302. congestum (Wall.) ... 1752 

6303. cordifolium (Wall.) ... 1757 

6304. cowrt aiense (\Si^h.t) ... 1771 

6305. cuspidatum{B.om.) ... 1764' 

6306. crectiJ!orum(^.Bc.) ... 1757 
68»7. flexile (Vahl.) ]768 

6308. fragrans (Salisb.) 1751 

6309. glabellum (Wall.) .. 1754-55 c 

6310. glancum (Ait.) 1761 

6311. grandiflorum (Linn.) ... 1775 

6312. heterophyllum (Eoa;6.) ... l.o9 



260 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



NO. Jasminum — cont- no. 

6313. Mrsutum (Miq.) 1753 

6314. Mrsutum (Wall.) 1753 

6315. hirsutum 'WiWd.]... 1517,1752 

6316. hnmile {Lhm.) 1772 

6317. inodorum (Jacq.) ••• 1772 

6318. latifolia (Roxb.) 17-55 6 

6319. laurifolium (Wall.) ••. 1758 

6320. ligustrifolium (Wall.) ... 1764! 

6321. ligastriiolium {liamk.) ... 1761 

6322. malabaricum (Tftg/ii) ... 17;t4 

6323. montanum iRoth.) ... l755-c 

6324. mvlPfoium (Koth.) ... 1252 

6325. myrtifoliiim (D.C.) ... J 761 

6326. murtophylluiii (Zenk.) ... 1744 

6327. nilagiricum (Hohen.) ... 1767 

6328. oderatissiniura i Linn.) 1773 

6329. odoriim (Salisb.) 1773 

6330. officinale (Xmn.) 1774 

6331. ovaUfolium (Wight) ... 1766 
6333. '^errottetianu.m (p.G.) ...l764-b 

6333. pubescens ( fraW.) ... 1752 

6334. puhescens (Miq.) ••• 1753 

6335. pubescens (Wall.) ... 1751 

6336. jpumctatum (Wall.) ... 1755-c 

6337. purpureum (Heynti) ...1762-b 

6338. quinquejlorum (Heyne.) ... 1751 

6339. rerohitttm (Sims.) ... 1772 

6340. rio-idnm {Zenk.) 1764 

6341. rigidum {Thw.) 1753-c 

6342. Ritchiei {Clarke) 1762 

6343. rivulare (Saliab.) ... 1761 

6344. Rottierianum ( Tl'aii.) ... 1753 

6345. Roxbnrghianam (TFaW.)... 1756 

6346. Sambac (^ri.) 1751 

6347. Sessiliflorum (Vahl.) ... 1759 

6348. stenopetalum (Lindl.) ... 1758 

6349. suaveolens (Salisb.) ... 1770 

6350. travancorense (Heyne) ... 1768 

6351. trichotomum (Heyne) ... 1765 

6352. triforum (Keyne) ... 1764 

6353. trijflorum (Pers.) 1760 

6354. triJloUatwni (Mcench.) ... 1770 

6355. trinerve (Rosb.) 1768 

6356. imdulahmi (lleyne) ...I751.b 

6357. undulatu,ra (Willd.) ... 1751 

6358. vimineum (Willd.) ... 1760 

6359. Walli chiamcTii {Lind\.) ... 1772 

6360. Wightii (Clarke.) ... 1763 

6361. Zarnbac (Roxb.) 1751 

6362. Zeylanicum (Bnrm.) ... 1836 
dlxxx-vi. Jateorhiza (I).C.) ... xxx^iii 

6363. Calumba (D.C.) 92 

dlxxxvii. Jatropha (Lnm.) ... dcccxxix 

6364. acuminata (Jacq.) ... 2625 

6365. Carcas (LiM«.) 2628 

6366. Curcas {Wall) 2627 

6367. glandulifera {Roxb.) ... 2622 

6368. glavea {Y&h].) 2626 

6369. gcssypifolia {Linn.) ... 2623 

6370. hastata (^ndr.) 2625 

6371. Manihot (Linn.) 2631 

6372. moluccana (Linn.) ... 2633 

6373. moluccana {Hh. Unas.) ... 2628 



NO. Jatropha — cont. no. 

6374. montaiia (Willd.) 2696 

6375. multifida (Linn.) ... ... 2624 

6376. 'pandursefolii (Desr.) ... 2625 

6377. peltata (Wight) 2627 

6378. podagrica (H/c.)| 2626 

6379. stipulata{Yei\.) 2631 

6380. Wightiana {Muell.) ... 2627 
dlxxxviii. Joannesia ( Veil.) dlcccxxxii 

6381. princeps (Veil.) 2632 

dlxxxix. Jo/inia (Ri-xb.) .. ...ccxxiii 

6382. cororandtliana (Roxb.) ... 550 

6383. /onesia ^soca (Roxb.) ... 977 

6384. pin7/ata (Willd.) 977 

6385. Joscpha augusta (Veil.) ... 2370 
dlxxxix. (bis.) Josephia (Wt.j omxxiv {bi3.) 

6385 {bis.) lanceolata (Wt.) 2939 {bis.) 

6385 {bis ) latifolia (Wt.) 2939 [fiis.) 

6386. Jcssinia indica (Wight) ... 1260 
dxc. Jubsea (H. -B. i^-Z.) mxiii 

6387. spectabilis (H.B. & K.). ... 3233 

6388. Juglans Catnppa (Lour.) ... 1144 
dxci. Juniperus {Linn.) ... ... cm 

6389. alba {Knight) 2822 

6390. andina (Nntt.) 2822 

6391. arboreseens {^lauch.) ... 2822 

6392. avstrclis {End\.) 2822 

6393. barbadensis (Linu.) ... 2820 

6394. barbadensis {Thnnh.) ... 2821 
0395. bermudiana (Linn.) ... 2820 

6396. canadensis (Lodd.) ... 2818 

6397. carolimana (Mill.) ... 2822 

6398. caiu:asica (MiU.) 2818 

6399. cernua (Roxb.) 2821 

6400. Chamherlaynei (Carr.) ... 2822 

6401. chinensis (iin«.) ... 2821 

6402. communis {Linn.) ... 2818 

6403. dealbata (Loud.) 2818 

6)04. ditformis (Gilib.) 2818 

6405. dimorpha {Ro-s.h.) ... 2821 

6406. excelsa {yVehh.) 2821 

6407. evcelsa (Griff.) 2814 

6408. /ragraws (Knight.) ... 2822 

6409. giawca (Willd.) .. ... Ii822 

6410. gracilis {^ndl.) 2822 

6411. heniispherica (Pressl.) ... 2818 

6412. Herinanni (Pers.) ... 2822 

6413. hispanica (Borjth.) ... 2818 

6414. intermedia [Schnr.) ... 2818 

6415. interrupta (Wendl.) ... 2818 

6416. macropoda ( Koiss.) ... 2819 

6417. na-wa (Willd.) 2818 

6418. oblonga {Hieh.) ... ... 2818 

6419. opposittfolia {~ShiTsh.) ... 2820 

6420. proi^trata (Uisso.) ... 2823 

6421. pygmaia {Koch.) ... 2818 

6422. p'yramidalis (Salisb.) ... 2820 

6423. quaternat'i (Miq.) ... 2-06 

6424. sinensis (Gmel.) ... 2821 

6425. struthiacea (Knight.) ... 2821 
6i26. uhdeunus (Gord.) ... 2811 

6427. vifginiana {Linn.) ... 2822 

6428. virginiana (Endl.) ... ^82 

6429. vir ginica {Thnnh.) ... 282 ^ 



BOTANICAL INDEX. 



261 



NO. 
dzoii. Jussifpa (Linn.) 

6430. angustifolia (Larnk.) 

6431. Bnrmanni (D.C.) ... 
64:«. decumben.^ (Wall.) 

6433. exaWita {Koxh.} 

6434. fruticosaiDX'.)' ...- 

6435. octofda (octophila.) (D.C 

6436. scahra (Willd.) ... 

6437. snffrnticosa {Linn.) 

6438. villosa (Lamk.) ... 
dxciii. Josticia (Linn.) 

6439. Adhatoda (Linn.) 

6440. Betonica (Linn.) .. 

6441. bicoior (Sims.) 

6442. carnea (Hk.) 

6443. coceinea (Aabl.) ... 

6444. dentata (Klein.) ... 

6445. Ecbolium (Lm a.) ... 
64 tn. emarginata (Nees.) 

6447. fastigiata (Limk.) 

6448. Gendarus.sa {Linn.) 

GJ 49. infundAbuliformi.i (Linn. 

6450. Icetevirens (Vahl.) 

6451. latifvlia (Vah!.) .. 

6452. ligustrina (Yahl.) 

6453. lineata (Wall.) ... 

6454. livida {Neea.) 

6455. longifolia (Wall.) 

6456. madurensis (Bnrm.) 

6457. niontana ( Wall.) 

6458. mcntana (Roxb.) 

6459. na.'>uta (Linn.) 

6460. ochrolevbca {Bl.) 

6461. picta (Linn.) 

6462. Pseudo-BetonicJL (Roth.). 

6463. quadrigona (Vahl.) 

6464. raTnosiasima (Roxb-) 

6465. rosea (Vahl.) 

6466. Rottleriana (Wall.) 
6407. rotundifolia (Xees.) 

641 ;s. salsoloides (T. Anders.") . 

6469. tranquebariensis (Roxb.). 

6470. wynaadensis (TFaW.) 



K 



dxciv. Kalsnia (Kcempfer.) ... 

6471. japowj'ca (Wall.) 

6472. Wight,iana.(.4r7i..)... 
dxcv. Kalnoia {Linn.) 

6473. latifolia {Linn.) ... 

6474. myrtifolia (Andr.) 

6475. nitida {Forbids) ... 

6476. serotina (Hoffmg.) 

6477. Kamptzia albens (Nt-es.) 
dxcvi. Kandelia {W. ^ A.) 

6478. Bheedei {W. 4' A.) 

6479. Kanilia caryophylloides {B] 

6480. parviflora [Bl.) ... 
dxcvii. Kayea {Wall.) 

64S1. cuspidata (Rl. & Tn.) 



NO. 

.. cdxlii 

.. 1332 

.. 1332 

. 13.32 

.. 1332 

.. 1332 

) 1332 

.. 1332 

.. 1332 

.. 1332 
.. dccxii 

.. 2266 

.. 2259 

.. 2248 

.. 2262 

.. 2263 
..2269-d 

.. 2269 

. 2269 

. 2173 

. 2260 

) 2244 

. 69-c 

. 224« 

,. 22(;9 

,. 2261 
..22Q9.d 

. 2256 

. 2169 

. 22.56 

. 2173 

. 2268 

. 22.57 

. 2270 
. 2257-6 

. 2245 
. 2257-c 

. 2172 

. 2268 
.2269 h 

. 2259 

. 2258 

. 2261 



27 

27 

dxlii 

.. 1643 

,. 1643 

.. 1643 

.. 1643 

.. 1213 

cccxcvii 

.. 1 34 

) 1137 

.. 1139 

Ixxi 

.. 184 



NO. Kayea — cont. no, 

6482. stylosa (T/iio.) 184 

dxcviii. Kendrickia ( Hk. f,) .. cdxxvii 

6483. Walkori {Bk. f.) ... 1289 

6484. Kentia Bnlmoreana (F. MneU.) 3)35 
648f . Ganterburyana (F. Muell.). 3138 

Forsteriana (F. Muell.) ... 3136 
Mac-Arthurii (Hort.) ... 3139 
Wetidlandi (S^haiui.) ... 3137 
Wendlandiana (P. Maell.). 3137 
Kerria {DC.) ... cccl.txxi 
japonica (D.C.) 1109 



6486. 
6487. 
6488. 
6489. 
dxcix. 
6490. 
dc. 
6491. 



Kickxia {Blume.) ... ... dxci 

africana {Benth.) ... 1832 

dci. Kig-elia (D.C.) dc.Tcii 

6492. piunata (D.C.) 2152 

6493. Kirganelia dubta (Baill.) ... 2557 

6494. eglandulosa (Baill.) . 2557 

6495. intermedia (Baill.) ... 2557 

6496. multijlora (Baill.) ... 2557 

6497. wM^J/^oro (Thw.) ... 2557 

6498. PriPuriana (BaiU.) ... 2557 

6499. puberula (Baill.) ... 2557 

6500. reticulata (Baill.) ... 2557 

6501. sinensis (Baill.) ... 2557 

6502. Wight iana {Ba,iU.) ... 2557 

6503. Kittleocharis trigyna (Alef.) 346 
dcii. Kleinhovia (Linn.) ... cv 

6504. Hospita (Linn.) ... 279 

6505. Knoxia Wightiana (Schl.) ... 1469 
dciii. Kokoona ( Thw.) .. ... ccxvi 

6506. zejianica (TAit).) ... 530 

6507. Koon zeylanicus (Ga;rtn.) ... 95 
dciv. Kopsia (Bl.) ... ...dlxxxv 

6508. fruticosa (A.Dc.) ... 1821 
dcv. Knr7iniia (Wall.) ... ... ccxx 

6509. bipartita {Laws.) ... 543 

6510. paniculata (Wall.) ... 543 
dcvi. Kydia (Roxb.) ... ... xcvi 

6511. calycina (Roxb.) 256 

6512. fraterni. (Roxb.) 256 

6513. pulverulenta {B.Am..) ... 256 

6514. Boxburghiana (Wight) ... 256 



LV. LABIATE LXXXVI 

dcvii. Laburnum {Linn.) cclxxxii 

6515. anaccyroides {Medic.) ... 744 

6516. pendulwin (Rsfin.) ... 744 

6517. prcBcox (Fuss.) ... ... 744 

6518. tardijlorus (Hort.) ... 744 

6519. Lachn<2a eriocephala {^eyne) 2492 
dcviii Lafoensia (Vend.') ... cdxxxiv 

6520. illustris (Veil.) 1309 

6521. kielmeyeraefoHa (M. Hil.) 1309 

6522. mierophylla (PoU.) ... 1309 

6523. Vandelliana (C/ia-/?i.) ... 1309 
dcix. Lagersrroeniia (Linn.) cdxxxviii 

6524. orumbosa (Grifp.) ... 1316-5 

6525. elegans (Wall.) 1315 

6526. Fatioa (Bl.) 1316 



262 



BOTANICAL INDEX, 



vo, Lagerstroemia — cont. KO. 

6527. Flos-reginse (Retz.) ... 1319 

6528. hirsuta (EofEt.) 1318 

6529. indica, (Linn.) 1315 

6530. lanceolata (Wall.) ... 1317 

6531. lanceolata (Bedd.) ... 1316-6 

6532. macrocarpa (Wall.) ... 1319 

6533. macrocarpa (Wig:ht) ... 1317 

6534. parviflora {Boxh.) ... 1316 

6535. Reginm (tioxb.) 1319 

6536. Rottleri (Clarke.) ... 1318 
6536 (bis.) Thomsoui (Kcehne.) 1317 (his.) 
dcx. Lagimwa (Bot. Mag.)... Ixxxvii 
6536 (bis.) aculeata (Cav.) 238 (bis.) 

6537. Patersonia (Bot. Mag.) ... 211 

6538. Squamga (.Vent.) 211 

dcxi. Lagunarea (G.Bon.)... Ixxxvii 

6539 Patersonii (G. Do«.) ... 211 
654:0. Lagurus cylind.ricus (Linn.) 3280 

6541. Lampetia racemosa (EcEm.) 405 
dt'xii. Landolpbia (Beax(,v.) ... dlxxix 

6542. florida (Btnth.) 1802 

6543. Kirkii (Dyer.) 1803 

6544. Watsoniana (FogiTi.) ... 1804 

6545. Watsonii (Vogth.) ... 1804 

6546. Languas aquaticum (Keen.) 3009 

6547. sylvestre CKc^n.) 3009 

dcxiii. Lansium (Ruviph.) ... clxxxiv 

6548. anamalayanam (Bedd.)... 465 

6549. domestic-cm (Jack.) ... 4 IG 
dcxi V. Lantana (Linn.) ... dccxx 

6550. aculeata (Linn.) 2274 

6551. aZba (Schance.) 2273-b 

6552. alha (Mill.) 2281 

6553. amethy.'itina (Otto.) ... 2278 

6554. annua (Ron. C 3.1a.) ... 2275 

6555. antillana (Re fin.") ... 2274 

6556. asperata (Hort. Pax.) ... 2278 

6557. Caraara (Lww.) 2274 

6558. ccllina (Dene.) 2273 

6559. cTeuulata (Otto, cf Dietr.) 2275 

6560. decumhens (Sellow.) ... 2279 

6561. dubia (P.oyle.) 2281 

6562. dubia (WhV,.) 2273 

6663. Gogchana (Booh.B.SLm.) ... 2281 

6564. indica (Roxh) 2273 

6565. indica (\^all.) 2280 

6566. involucrata (Linn.) ... 2277 

6567. lanuginom (Mill.) ... 2277 

6568. latifoha (T&unch.) ... 2273 

6569. melisscefolia (Ait.) ... 2272-b 

6570. niista (iLinn.) 2276 

6571. TOia;ta(Medie.) 2276 

6.572. mutahilis (.Salisb.) . . . 2274-6 

6573. mutabilis (Of to.) ... 2276 

6574. nivea (Vent.; 2278 

6575. odorata (Linr.) 2277 

6576. parvijlor a (Sh-lish.) ... 2277 

6577. polyantha {Sch&'i.) ... 2274 

6578. reefa (Soland.) 2277 

6579. reticulata (Pers.) ... 2279 

6580. scabuda (Soland.) ... 2274 

6581. selloviana (Linh. ^ Otto.) 2279 

6582. Sellowii (Steud.) ... 2279 



NO, Lantana — cont. 


NO. 


6583. 


siuiveolens (DeBTp.) 


2297 


6.584. 


trifolia (Linn.) 


2284 


65So. 


vibit^rnoides (Blanco) 


2274 


6586. 


Wightiana (Wall.) 


2273-b 


dcxv. 


Laportea (Oaud.)... dccclxxviii 


6587. 


crenulata (Gaud.) 


2767 


6588. 


gigantea (Oaud.) ... 


2767 


6589. 


latifolia (Gaud.) 


2767 


dcxvi. 


Larix (Mill-'r.) 


cinxiii 


6590. 


caducifolia (Gilib.) 


2872 


6591. 


decidua (Mill.) 


2872 


6592. 


enrop£€a (B.C.) ... 


2872 


6593. 


repens (Laws.) 


2872 


6594. 


rossica (Sabine.) ... 


2872 


6595, 


vulgaris (Fisch.) ... 


2872 


6596, 


Lasiandra semidecandrum- 






(Schrank.) 


1306 


6597. 


Lasianthera tetrandra 






(Wall.) 


496 


dcxvii. 


Lasianthus (Jack.) 


dxv 


6598. 


acuminatus ( irigTii) 


1581 


6599. 


acuminatus (Wight) 


1580 


6600. 


Blumt^annrf (\Tight) 


1578 


6601. 


capitnlatus (Wight) 


1586 


6602. 


ciliatus (Wight) 


1579 


6603. 


dicbotomns (Wight) 


1587 


6604. 


fastens (Wight) 


1590 


6G05. 


Jackianus {Wight) 


1576 


6606, 


oblongifolins (Bedd.) ... 


1577 


6607. 


obovatns (Bedd.) 


1583 


6608. 


parvifolins (Wight) 


1582 


6609. 


serigillosus (Hk. /.) 


1580 


6610. 


trancatus (Bedd.) 


1584 


6611. 


tuhijlorus (Bl.) 


1592 


6612, 


vennlosns (Wight) 


1585 


6613. 


Lasiobema anguina (Miq.)... 


998 


6614, 


Eorsjieldii (Miq.) 


. 9^8 


dcxviii 


, Lasiolepis (Bceck,) 


. clxiii 


6615. 


Bermeitii (Planch.) 


430 


6616. 


mutijuga (Benn.) 


430 


6617. 


pauci'juga (Benn.) 


430 


dcxix. 


Lasiosiphou (Fres.)... dccxcvii 


1 6618. 


eriocephalus (Dene.) 


2392 


6619. 


Rugelii ? (Meissn.) 


2492 


6620. 


insula) is (Meissn.) 


2492 


6621. 


Metzianus (Miq."i 


2492 


i 6622. 


sisparensis (Meissn,) 


2492 


6623. 


speciosus (Done.) 


2492 


6624. 


Lasiostyles salicifolia 






(Pres.) 


2688 


6625. 


Lastraea cochleckta (Moore.) 


3363 


6626. 


deparioides (lik.) 


3361 


6627, 


divisa (Wall.) 


3357 


6628. 


elongata (Sw.) 


3364-5 


6629. 


elongata (Moore.) 


3364-6 


66.30. 


eriocarpa (Dene.) 


3355 


6631. 


Jlaccida (Hk.) 


3358 


6632. 


hirtipes (Moore.) 


3356 


6633. 


intermedia (Bed.) 


3364c 


6634. 


marginata (Moore.) 


3364-b 


6335. 


membra nifolia (Presl.) .. 


3.359 


6636. 


odontoloma (Mooi-e) 


3364-d 


6637. 


paradoxa (Moore) 


3359 



BOTANICAL INDEX, 



263 



NO. 

G038. 

6(i39. 

66-iO. 

dcsx. 

6641. 

6042. 

6643. 

6644. 

6645. 

6646. 

6647. 

6648. 

LVI. 
dcxxi. 

6649. 

6650. 

6651. 

6652. 

6653. 

6tj54. 

6655. 

6656. 

6657. 

6658. 

6659. 

6660. 

6661. 

6662. 

6663. 

6664. 

6665. 

fc666. 

6667. 

6668. 

6669. 

6670. 

6G71. 

6672. 

6673. 
dcsxii. 

6674. 
dcxxiii. 

6675. 

6676. 

6677. 

6678. 

6679. 

6680. 
dfxxiv. 

6681. 

6682. 

66S3. 
dcxxv. 

6684. 

668'). 

6686. 

6687. 

6688. 

6689. 
6690. 
6691. 

6692. 



Lastrsea — cont. no. 
patentissima (Presl.) ...3364 a 

sparga (Moore) ... ... 3'{60 

spectabiiis ! Sm.) ... 336''J 

. Latfinia (Comrji.) ... ... mxi 

aarea {Dune.) ... ... 3225 

borbonica (Lan»k.) ... 3227 

chiv.ensis (Jacq.; ... 3227 
Comniersorii (J. ¥. Gmel.) 3227 

glaucoplixja (tlort. Baker) 32 i6 

Loddiijesii (Mart.) ... 3226 

rwbra (J acq.) ... ... 32:;7 

Verschajfeltii (Lem.) ... 3225 

LAURACb:^ XCVI 

Laurus (Linn.) ... dcclxxvii 

albida (Loud.) 2442 

Oamphora (Linn.) ... 2440 

? camphorata {Hf m.) ... 2445 

camphorifera (3ali.^b.) ... 2441 

Cas.na (Burm.) 2434 

C'as.'ia (Linn.) ... ... 2471 

Cinnamomum (Roxb.) ... 2434 

indica (Lear.) ... ... 2441 

involucrata (KcRn.) ... 2459 

invo Iricrata (Vsihl.) ... 2471 

nceolaria (Roxb.) ... 2345 

lancenlata (Wall.) ... 2445 

maerantha (Wall.) ... 2444 

malabathrum (Wall.) ... 2435 

mtida (Wall.) ... 2434 

nobilis (ii'wn.) ... 2443 

Persea (Lirrn.) 2441 

pubescenst (Wall.) ... 2446 

salicifolia (Ham.) ... 2445 

salicifolia ? (Wight) ... 2464 

Sassafras (Linn.) ... 2442 

su'inatrensis (Gmel.) ... 2440 

tenuifolia (Mill.) ... 2443 

undulata (Mill.) ... 2443 

Zeyla>'ica (Herm.) ... 2471 

Lavallea (Bail!.) ... ... cxcix 

ceylanica (Baill.) ... 492 

. LavandulH (Linn.)... dccxli: 

angustifolia (Mill.) ... 2344 

officinalis (Choia.) ... 2344 

pyrenaka (D.C.) 2344 

Spica (Loisel.) 2344 

vera(D.G) 2344 

vulgaris (Lamk.) .. ... 2344 

Lavatera {Linn.) ... ... Ixxxvi 

(irboFpa {Lin'i.) . ... 210 

eriocalyx (Stpad.) ... 210 

Lawia acuminata (Wight.) 1488 

LawBonia {Linn.) ... cdxxxvii 

alba yLamk.) ... ... 1314 

inermis (Ro.\b.) ... .. 1314 | 

purpurea (Lamk.) ... 1314 

spinosa (Linn.) .. ... 1314 

Lebidiera malabarica 

(Maell.) ... 25.51 

patula ()5.ue\].) ... ... 2552 

stipuaris (Mnell.) ... 2553 
Lebidieropsi.t collina 

(Maell.) 2550 

orhicv-^Aris (Muell.) ... 2550 



NO. 




vo. 


6693 


LebretoniaJiava{'^&\\.) ... 


231 


66'.-"4 


procumbe:i~i (Wall.) 


231 


dcxxv 


. Ledum (Linn.) 


dxliii 


6695 


canadense (Load.) 


1650 


66H6 


f(landalo8iim (Nutt.) 


1649 


6697 


graveoens (Silit.) 


1651 


6698. 


laiifolium (yac/.) 


1650 


6699. 


palustre (Lvn/n.) 


16S1 


6700. 


palustre (.Michx.) 


]65u 


6701. 


tomeiitosum (Stokes.) 


1651 


dcxxvii. Leea (Linn.) ... ccxxxvii 


6702. 


acuvi'nata (Wall.) 


617 


0703. 


xquuta (D.C.) 


617 


670L 


aspeia {Wall.) 


616 


67C5. 


cinerea (Laius.) 


613 


6706. 


covipacti/lora (Kurz.) 


620 


6707. 


coriacen {Laws.) ... 


614 


6708. 


crispa (Willd.) 


615 


6709. 


gigantea (Griff.) ... 


617 


67.0. 


.^ /,e'/-bacea (Wall.) 


dl6 


6711. 


hirta (Jiox6.) 


622 


6712. 


intetcrifolia {Roxb.) 


619 


6714. 


i«to (Wall.) 


617 


6715. 


Icevis (Heyne.) 


472 


6716. 


latifoliu{\\ 3,1].) 


612 


6717. 


niatTOphylla {Roxb.) 


612 


6718. 


? macrophylla (D.C.) 


613 


6719. 


ottilis (D.C.) 


617 


6720. 


piwiato (Andrews) 


615 


6721. 


robusta {Roxb.) ... 


620 


6722. 


sambucina ( iV'tZ/d.) 


617 


6723. 


.'' sanguinea (Wall.) 


617 


6724. 


scabra (Stead.) ... 


622 


6725. 


simplicifolia (Griff.) 


612 


6726. 


staphylea {Ko^h.) 


617 


6727. 


umliracnlifera {Clarke^ ... 


621 


6728. 


Wightii {ClorU) 


618 


LVIL 


LEGUMlNO:iyE XLIII 


dcxxviii. Xewionia (Lindl.) ... 


cxl 


6729. 


spectabiiis (Lindl.) 


373 


6730. 


Leontoglossum scairum 






(Hance) 


11 


6781. 


Lepidocoma trifoliatum 






(Jungh.) 


879 


6732. 


Lep^dopelma podocarfolia 






(Klotz.) 


25J54 


6733. 


Lepidostachys Roxburqhii 






(Wail.) 


2608 


6733 {his.) grandiflora (Planch.) 






26'0 


{lis.) 


6734. 


Lepidozomia Denisonii 






(Kegel) 


2882 


6735. 


Hopei (Regel) 


2882 


fc736. 


minor ( ^'iq.) 


2882 


6737. 


Peroffskyana (Eegel.) 


2882 


6738. 


Lepistemon muricatum 






(Spanog.) 


2038 


6739. 


Leptacanthus alatus 






(Wight) 


2211 


6740. 


rubicundus (.Vees.) 


2217 


6741, 


FFaZfceri (Wight) 


2218 


dcxxix. 


Leptadenia {Br.) .. dc 


xxxix 


6742. 


appendtculata (Dene.) ... 


1929 


6743. 


brevipes (Wight) 


1929 



264 



BOTANICAL INDEX, 



NO. Leptadenia — cont. no. 

6744. im^erie (Wight) ... 1929 

6745. reticulata (ir. J' -4.) ... 1929 

6746. Leptochloa Wightiano (Xees.) 3292 

6747. Leptonema Tnelathesioides 

(Muell) 2591 

dcxxx. Leptonychia (Tiwcz.) ... cxvi 

6748. moaourroides {Bed