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Full text of "The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster. Edited by William Farrer and J. Brownbill"

EDITED BY WILLIAM PAGE, F.S.A. 




VOLUME VII 



THE 

VICTORIA HISTORY 

OF THE COUNTIES 
OF ENGLAND 



LANCASHIRE 




LONDON 

CONSTABLE AND COMPANY LIMITED 



This History is issued to Subscribers only by 

Constable & Company Limited 

and printed by W. H. Smith & Son 

London 



INSCRIBED 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

HER LATE MAJESTY 

QUEEN VICTORIA 

WHO GRACIOUSLY GAVE 

THE TITLE TO AND 

ACCEPTED THE 

DEDICATION OF 

THIS HISTORY 




THE 

VICTORIA HISTORY 

OF THE COUNTY OF 

LANCASTER 

EDITED BY 
WILLIAM FARRER, D.Lrrr., AND J. BROWNBILL, M.A. 



VOLUME SEVEN 




LONDON 

CONSTABLE AND COMPANY LIMITED 

1912 



DA 

670 



v.7 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME SEVEN 

PAGE 

Dedication ............... y 

Contents ............... he 

List of Illustrations .............. xi 

List of Maps ............... xii 

Editorial Note ............... xiii 

Topography ...... General descriptions and manorial descents by 

W. FARRER, D.Litt., and J. BROWNBILL, M.A. 

Architectural descriptions by F. H. CHERTHAM. 

Heraldic drawings and blazon by the Rev. E. E. 

DORLING, M.A., F.S.A. 

Blackburn Hundred (continuation) 

Mitton (Part of) I 

Chipping ',"J 20 

Ribchester ............. 36 

Amounderness Hundred 

Introduction ............. 68 

Preston .............. 72 

Kirkham. . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 

Lytham . . . . . . . . . . . . . .213 

Poulton-le-Fylde . . . . . . . . . . . .219 

Bispham .............. 242 

Lancaster (Part of) . . . . . . . . . . . .251 

St. Michael-on-Wyre . . . . . . . . . . .260 

Garstang . . . . . . . . . . . . .291 

Index to Volumes VI and VII 337 

Corrigenda , 435 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

Lancaster Castle .......... 

Mitton : Cross of St. Paulinas on the Fells, Aighton . . . 
,, Stonyhurst : Principal Front ..... 

First and Ground Floor Plans . 

in 1808 

South Front ) 

The Quadrangle ..... 

Gateway Tower ..... 

Shireburne Almshouses ...... 

Chipping Church from the South ) 

The Nave looking East > 

The Font ....... 

Hesketh End : South Front 

Thornley with Wheatley : Thornley Hall ..... 

Ribchester Church : Plan ....... 

from the South-east ) 

The Nave looking East) 

Dutton Hall : South Front 

,, The Gateway ....... 

Stidd Chapel : Plan 

from the North > 
Nave and Chancel) 

,, South Doorway) 
The Font > 

Preston : South Prospect in 1728 
Church c. 1829) 
c. 1796) 

Parish Church from the South-east .... 
Fishergate with Town Hall in distance > 
Harris Free Library, Market Place > 
Grimsargh and Brockholes : Red Scar, North-west Front 
South-east Front 

11 11 11 The Dining-room 

Higher Brockholes) 

Lower Brockholes' 

Broughton Church : Plan before 1823 

,, from the North-west) 

Barton Cross 

Myerscough Lodge : Inscribed Stone over Stable Door ) 
Kirkham Church from the North-west ) 

Clifton with Salwick : Lund Church, Roman Altar used as Font . 



PAGI 

frontispiece 
^ 

full-page plate, facing 4 
facing 6 

fall-page plate, facing 8 
11 1 10 



*4 

ii 3 

34 

. 3 8 

full-page plate, facing 38 

> 54 

58 

. 60 

full-page plate, facing 60 



02 

74 
80 



> > 



> 



w 



no 

fall-page plate, facing \ 1 2 
122 
fall-page plate, facing 1 2 2 

., H 

i 66 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



PACK 



. 186 
Singleton : Mains Hall 

Goosnargh : Bulsnape Hall ^ . . . full-page plate, facing 194 
Ashes, Old Doorway f 
Inglewhite Village > 198 

Hospital > 

202 
Church: Plan 

9V 

from the South-west | ^ ^ full-page plate, facing 202 

The Nave looking East \ 

lOO 

Whittingham : Chingle Hall, Bridge over Moat . 

Dun Cow Rib Farm " 2 ' 

. 215 
Lytham Hall . 

Church from the South-east ) ^ full-page plate, facing 226 

Poulton-le-Fylde : Stocks and Cross > 

Bispham Church : Norman Doorway " 

Preesall with Hackinsall : Parrox Hall, North Front ) 25 g 

n TheHa11 

Hackinsall Hall ... 260 

St. Michael-on-Wyre Church from the North-east > 

Pi an 26z 

" " " 
Upper Rawcliffe : St. Michael's ViUage 

Great Eccleston : Raikes Road ... 2 77 

Woodplumpton Church : Plan ... 28 9 

from the South-east ^ ^ full-page plate, facing 290 
The Nave looking East ' 

Garstang Church : Plan ...... 2 94 

from the North-east | fall-page plate, facing 294 
The Nave looking East ) 
Nateby : Bowers House . . . . . . .310 

Kirkland : Churchtown Cross ^ full-page plate, facing ^ 

Barnacre with Bonds : Greenhalgh Castle 

Claughton Hall , 3 z8 

LIST OF MAPS 

Index Map to Chipping, Leagram, Aighton and Ribchester . . . . . . .21 

Hundred of Amounderness . . . . . . . .68 

Parish of Preston ........... 7 2 

Parishes of Kirkham and Lytham . . . . . . . .143 

,, Poulton and Bispham . .. . . . . .220 

Chapelry of Stalmine . . . . . . . . . .252 

Parish of St. Michael-on-Wyre . .261 

>, > Garstang 292 



XII 



EDITORIAL NOTE 

THE Editors desire to acknowledge the assistance and information 
given by the Rev. S. E. Collinson, Mr. E. Dickson, Mr. J. T. Fair, 
Mr. W. J. Fitzherbert-Brockholes, D.L., J.P., Mr. Joseph Gillow, 
Mr. D. Howsin, Mr. A. Jobling, the Rev. J. Keating, Dr. J. A. Laycock, 
Mr. E. A. Le Gendre Starkie, J.P., the Rev. E. T. Millard, the Rev. B. 
Nightingale, M.A., Mr. James Openshaw, M.A., the Rev. J. F. H. 
Parker, Mr. W. Parker, Captain C. B. Petre, the Rev. D. Schofield, 
Mr. W. W. Simpson, J.P., Mr. R. Trappes-Lomax, J.P., and Miss 
Weld, also the Town Clerks of Blackpool and Preston and the Librarian 
of Preston. 

They also wish to tender their thanks to Mr. J. P. Rylands, 
F.S.A., for revising the heraldry. 

For illustrations and information regarding the architecture of the 
county the Editors are indebted to Sir George F. Toulmin, M.P., the 
Editor and Proprietors of ' Country Life ' (for photographs of Shireburne 
Almshouses and Stonyhurst Gateway Tower), the Society of Antiquaries, 
Messrs. Austin & Paley, the Rev. W. Bodkin, S.J., Mr. W. Ellison 
Fenwicke, and Mr. T. Harrison Myres. 



xin 



A HISTORY OF 
LANCASHIRE 



TOPOGRAPHY 

THE HUNDRED OF BLACKBURN 

(CONTINUATION) 

MITTON (PART OF) 
AIGHTON, BAILEY AND CHAIGLEY 



Acton, Dom. Bk. ; Aghton, 1274; Aighton, 
modern. Occasionally an H was prefixed, e.g. Hacton, 

1235- 

Bailegh, 1257 ; Bayley, 1284 ; Bayleye, 1291. 

Cheydeslega, 1246 ; Chaygeslegh, 1331 ; Chaddes- 
legh, Chaddesley, 1346 ; Chageley, c. 1440. 

This composite township is bounded on the north 
and east by the Hodder, which separates it from 
Yorkshire, in which county is situated the greater 
part of the parish of Mitton. On the south the 
Ribble is the boundary. The dominant physical 
feature is Longridge Fell, projecting eastward into 
the township a little north of the centre. Its highest 
point, 1,149 ft., li es J ust with' the border. From 
the ridge the ground falls rapidly to the north and 
east, and more gently to the south, many outlying 
spurs breaking the surface into hills and cloughs, the 
latter often watered by rapid brooks, formerly supply- 
ing motive power to numerous bobbin mills. Trees 
are abundant, and along the Hodder are many 
beautiful views. 

Aighton and Bailey lie to the south of the Fell, to 
the east and west respectively, being parted by Dean 
Brook, while Chaigley or Chaigeley occupies the 
north-east slope. Stonyhurst, 1 which as the residence 
o! the lords of the manor has for centuries been the 
dominant house in the township, lies near the centre 
of Aighton, with Winkley or Winckley to the south- 
east, in the corner formed by the confluence of Hodder 
and Ribble, and Woodfields to the north-east. Hurst 
Green, the principal hamlet, is about a mile south- 
west of Stonyhurst. Chilsey Green is to the north, 
under the Fell ; near it are the Shireburne alms- 
houses. Morton House lies to the east, while Craw- 
shaw and Hudd Lee are near the western border. 



In Chaigley, Chadswell and Chapel House are central, 
the houses known as the hall and the manor lying 
to the east and Wedacre to the west. 

The principal road is that from Longridge to 
Mitton and Clitheroe, through the southern part of 
the township. The portion of this road from Hurst 
Green to the lower Hodder bridge was made by 
McAdam in 1826, being one of the first attempts to 
apply his system. 2 The new Hodder bridge, of three 
arches, was built at the same time ; the old one, still 
standing a few yards to the south, was provided by 
Sir Richard Shireburne in 1562.* There is no 
bridge across the Ribble, 4 but a ferry is maintained 
to Hacking on the south bank. The older road from 
Longridge is higher up, passing through Chilsey 
Green and Stonyhurst, but this is now little used. 
North of the Fell is another important road, from 
Chipping and Thornley to Clitheroe, crossing the 
Hodder by the higher bridge. 

The area of the township is 6,300^ acres, 5 ' 7 
Aighton measuring 2,867 acres, Bailey 1,41 8 and 
Chaigley 2,015. A detached part of Aighton called 
Lennox's Farm was in 1883 transferred to Button, 
within which township it lay. 8 In 1901 the popula- 
tion numbered 1,310. 

Aighton was in 1066 in the hundred of Amounder- 
ness and apparently in the parish of Preston ; its 
double transference to the hundred of Blackburn and 
to the parish of Mitton was no doubt a consequence 
of the early grants to the Lacy and Mitton families 
respectively, as narrated below. 

To the ancient 'fifteenth' 38^. was contributed, 
when the hundred in all paid 37 is. jd., 9 and to 
the county lay a proportionate sum. 

The township is now governed by a parish council. 



1 Two field* near the hall are called 
Great and Little Stonyhurst. 

* J. Gerard, Stonyhurst Coll. 1 24. 

3 Ibid. 57. Sir Richard provided the 
stone and paid 70 to the mason. In 
the appended note is a statement by the 
rector of Mitton in 1331 that the bridge 
over the Hodder probably a wooden one 



was frequently broken down, the river 
being liable to floods. 

4 An aqueduct carries the Blackburn 
Corporation water-pipes across the river, 
but there is no public footway by it. 

*" 7 The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 
6,289 >cres, including 108 of inland 
water. 



8 Transferred under the Divided Parishes 
Act, 1882. The land is at the north 
end of Dutton. The farm may have 
taken its name from a Lynalx, related to 
the old lords of Ribchester. A Thomas 
Lenox had land in 1524 ; see below. 

9 Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 
19. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Tumuli at Winkley 10 are supposed to mark the 
scene of some ancient struggle for the passage of the 
river, but the chief historical event is the stay of 
Cromwell at Stbnyhurst on two occasions in August 
i648. u The Jacobite rising of 1715 caused some 
excitement. In Chnigley there are remains of a 
barracks in which soldiers were then stationed in order 
to quell the country. 12 

Apart from the Shireburnes the most distinguished 
native was Henry Holden, D.D., a Roman Catholic 
divine born in 1596 at Chaigley. He took part in 
the controversies of the time, and was himself sus- 
pected of Jansenism, unjustly as it appears. He lived 
abroad for the most part and became vicar-general of 
Paris. He died in i66z. 13 

In 1836, apart from agriculture, the industries 
were hand-loom weaving of cotton, wood-bobbin 
making, lime burning and stone quarrying. 14 At 
present little corn is grown, the land being mostly 
pasture ; the areas are thus returned for Aighton, 
Bailey and Bowland with Leagram : arable land, 
32 acres; permanent grass, 7,262^ ; woods and 
plantations, 641 . 15 Oxen seem to have been used as 
draught animals down to recent times. 16 

The deer park at Stonyhurst existed till i855- 17 
There are remains of a number of ancient crosses. 18 
At Aighton there seems to have been a St. Michael's 
Well. 19 In Chaigley is St. Chad's Well. 

In 1086 4IGHTON, assessed as one 
MANORS plough-land, was recorded among the 
king's manors in Amounderness which 
twenty years earlier had been held by Earl Tostig as 
appurtenant to Preston, and after him by Roger of 
Poitou. 20 Afterwards it belonged, for a time at least, 
to Warine Bussel, one of Roger's knights and ancestor 
of the lords of Penwortham. Again coming into the 
king's hands, it was in 1102 given by Henry I to 
Robert de Lacy, and from that time onward formed 
part of the great fee or honor of Clitheroe. 21 

Robert immediately bestowed Aighton, together 
with Great Mitton and other manors, upon Ralph le 
Rous, who was to hold them by the service of half a 
knight's fee. 22 This grant was between 1135 an d 
1 141 confirmed by Ilbert de Lacy, who in his charter 
styled Ralph ' my brother.' Ralph was ancestor of 
the Mitton family, who retained possession for some 
1 50 years, though there is little to record of their 
tenure. 23 In 1204 Stephen de Hamerton claimed 



a plough-land in Aighton against Hugh de Mitton, 
but released his right in 1208 on receiving 14 marks 
from Hugh. 24 Ralph son of Robert de Mitton in 
1235 secured from Jordan de Wheatley the acknow- 
ledgement of his title to half an oxgang of land in 
Aighton, 25 and seven years later Ralph was holding 
the fourth part of a knight's fee in Aighton, &c., 
being part of the dower of the Countess of Lincoln.- 6 
He was party to various suits in 1246 respecting 
tenements in Aighton, 27 and his widow Margery was 
claiming dower in certain lands there as late as 
1 29 1. 28 

Before 1300 Aighton was either sold or reverted to 
the Earl of Lincoln as lord of Clitheroe, or else a 
mesne manor had been created in favour of Margaret 
de Holland, whose second husband Robert de Hephale 
held of the earl the eighth part of a knight's fee 
there. 29 Robert granted his manor of Aighton with 
various lands to Ralph son of Sir Ralph de Mitton for 




CROSS OF ST. PAULINUS ON THE FELLS, 
AIGHTON 

life. 30 It appears that Ralph de Mitton held some 
lordship in Aighton as early as 1276 31 ; in 1284 he 
claimed a tenement there against Anabil widoA of 



10 Lanct. tnd Cket. Antiq. Soc. xii, 30 ; 
xiii, 27. 

11 Cromwell and his force, hastening 
to meet the Duke of Hamilton, on 
1 6 Aug. ' came at night to Mr. Shire- 
burne'i house called Stonyhurst, about 
Hodder Water, where the general lodged 
that night, and his army encamped within 
the park. Had a council of war that 
night in which it was concluded to fight 
the duke if he abode ' ; War in Lanes. 
(Chet. Soc.), 65. After his victory over 
the Scots he again stayed at Stonyhurst 
for a night ; ibid. 67. 

There are several allusions to it in 
Cromwell's Letters (ed. Carlyle, 63, 64). 
He crossed the Hodder probably by the 
old higher bridge (predecessor of the pre- 
sent one), at which point a council of 
war was held ; Gerard, op. cit. 62. The 
second stay was probably on 24 Aug. 

lz T. C. Smith, Longridge, 31. 

Is Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Gillow, Bibl. Diet. 



of EngJ. Cath. iii, 332-8 ; Pal. Note Bk. 
ii, 56, 127. 

14 Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1836), iii, 370. 

15 Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905). 

16 Gerard, op. cit. 98. 17 Ibid. 80. 

18 Lanes, and Chet. Antiq. Soc. xviii, 
30-4. There are eight ancient crosses 
named and several modern ones. The 
oldest, perhaps, is that known as St. 
Paulinus' Cross, of peculiar form ; it is 
placed at Kemple End, high up on the 
Fell. 

Another ancient socket hss had a new 
cross shaft inserted by Mr. W. W. Simp- 
son of Winkley. 

19 In 1 540 John Gill of ' Aghton ' 
(? Aighton) was charged with putting his 
hemp into St. Michael's Well, near a cer- 
tain stream called the Stone Brook. The 
place may be Aughton near Ormskirk. 

20 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 28 8 b. 

n Farrer, Lanes. Fife R. 382 ; five 
plough-lands in all were given. 



Ibid. 385. 

* 3 Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iii, 680. 
The succession Hugh, d. 1209 -s. 
Robert -s. Sir Ralph -s. Jordan, -s. John 
is shown by the Cockersand Chartul. 
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 520-3. 

u Cur. Reg. R. 33 ; Final Cone. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 34. 

25 Ibid, i, 60. 

* 6 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 150. 

27 He successfully resisted a claim for 
an acre of wood put forward by Osbert de 
Daniscoles, while Vitalis de Hope with- 
drew a claim against him ; Assize R. 
404, m. i, ii. 

28 De Banco R. 90, m. 98 d. 

39 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 319. For 
Margaret de Holland see the accounts of 
Bolton and Chorley and Final Cone, ii, 
80. 

30 Kuerden MSS. iii, A 3, no. 60. 

31 Assize R. 405, m. 3 a. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



Jordan de Mitton, 32 and was in 1292 called to warrant 
lands. 33 In 1304 Ralph gave his manor of Aighton, 
Bailey and Chaigley to Margery widow of Robert de 
Hephale and received it from her for life. 34 Margaret 
afterwards married Adam Banastre, who in 1311 was 
recorded as holding of the Earl of Lincoln a plough- 
land in Aighton by the service of the eighth part of a 
knight's fee and a rent of 9</. 35 In 1313-14 the 
lords of the place were Adam Banastre, Margaret then 
his wife, and Denise widow of Ralph de Mitton. 36 

John son of Richard son of Henry de Clitheroe in 
1323-4 claimed common of turbary in Aighton 
against Margaret widow of Adam Banastre, 37 and 
similar claims were put forward by others against her 
in conjunction with (her son) John son of Robert 
de Hephale, Denise widow of Ralph de Mitton and 
Bernard son of Thomas de Gressingham. 38 After 
Margaret's death her manors were divided among her 
daughters Alice wife of Robert de Shireburne, 
Agnes wife (i) of Henry de Lea and (2) of Robert 
de HornclifF, but apparently childless, Joan wife of 
Thomas (or Robert) de Arderne, who left a son 
Thomas, and Katherine wife of John de Harrington. 39 
The heirs of Margaret Banastre held Aighton in 

I346-55- 40 

Robert de Shireburne appears to have acquired as 
owner or tenant the shares of his sisters-in-law, so 
becoming lord of the whole manor. 41 There are, 
however, occasional traces of the other lordships, for 
a fourth part of the manor of Aighton was included 
in the HornclifF estate in 133 1. 42 In July 1352, 
when John son of Hugh de Hacking claimed two 
messuages, &c., in Aighton against William de 
Yarrowdale, the defendant called the representatives 
of Margaret Banastre to warrant him viz. Alice 
widow of Robert de Shireburne, John de Harring- 
ton the elder and his wife Katherine and Thomas 
de Arderne (son of Joan). 43 Of these John de 
Harrington of Farleton, in right of Katherine his 
wife, in 1359 had a rent of 6o/. from tenements in 
Aighton held for life by John de Bailey, 44 and the 




Harrington interest in the manor continued to be 
recognized in the inquisitions of the family and their 
successors the Mounteagles until 1576, when Sir 
Richard Shireburne compounded with Lord Mount- 
eagle for the 6o/. free rent which had till then been 
paid. 45 In 1409 Thomas de Chamber son and heir 
of Elizabeth daughter and heir of Joan daughter and 
heir of Sir Thomas de Arderne released to John de 
Bailey and Robert de Towneley all his title in the 
fourth part of the manor of Aighton with lands, &c., 
formerly belonging to Sir Thomas. 46 

The Shireburne family had had the manor of 
Hambleton in Amounderness 
from the early part of the 
i 3th century. 47 Robert son 
of John de Shireburne occurs 
in I292, 48 and later became 
seneschal of Clitheroe, being 
so described in the attestations 
of charters, 49 &c. In 1313 
he was pardoned for his share 
in the execution or murder of 
Piers Gaveston, having been 
an adherent of the Earl of 
Lancaster, 50 and about 1326 
he was made a knight. 51 He 

received from Margaret widow of Adam Banastre in 
1329 her manor of Aighton, 52 and four years later, 
in conjunction with Alice his wife, granted a fourth 
part of the manor of Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley 
to their son Robert. 53 Sir Robert and Alice his wife 
were living in 133 8, 54 but Alice was a widow in 
1342 55 ; she in 1353 granted to Sir John Tempest 
and Katherine his wife the crops growing on certain 
of her lands. 56 

Sir Robert appears to have been succeeded by his 
son Sir John de Shireburne, 87 who fought at Crecy and 
Calais 58 ; but another son, William, had half the 
manor of Aighton in I349, 59 an< ^ ln ^S 1 John 
Boteler and others were charged with abducting 
Ismania wife of William de Shireburne. 60 Sir John 



SHIRKBURNK. Argent 
a lion rampant vert. 



s? Assize R. 1268, m. 12. 

33 Ibid. 408, m. 32d. 

34 Kuerden, loc. cit. Robert de Shire- 
burne was a witness to Margery's charter. 

35 De Lacy Inq. (Chet. Soc.), 1 7. At 
the same time John de Daniscoles held 
20 acres in Paniscoles, paying 6s. rent 5 
ibid. 1 8. 

36 Assize R. 424, m. 7 d. Adam Banas- 
tre alone was defendant in 1312 to a 
claim for a messuage and land put for- 
ward by Henry son of Robert Atte Hall 
of Aighton ; De Banco R. 195, m. 150 d. 

37 Assize R. 425, m. i. 

38 Ibid. m. 4 d. The plaintiffs were 
Roger son of Richard Nowell and Ellen 
his wife and Richard son of Gilbert the 
Harper. In the following year, as Mar- 
garet widow of Robert de Hephale, she 
was again defendant ; Assize R. 426, 
m. i d. Richard de Hephale was plain- 
tiff in 1332 ; De Banco R. 288, m. 334. 

In 1334 Sir Richard de Holland 
claimed a messuage, mill, two plough- 
lands, &c., in Aighton against William 
de Livesey, Alice his wife, Adam the son 
of William, Avice his wife and Richard 
de Bury. The defence was that there 
was only one plough-land, and that Sir 
Richard had been convicted of felony ; 
Coram Rege R. 297, m. 128. This case 
incidentally exhibits the custody of the 
Assize Rolls at that time. 



89 See the account of Chorley. 

40 Feud. Aids, iii, 88. They appear 
to have been John de Harrington, Thomas 
de Arderne and John de Bailey. 

41 As in the Inq. p.m. of John de Bailey 
cited later. 

42 Final Cone, ii, 80. 

43 Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 2, m. v d. 

44 Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. Ill, pt. i, 
no. 99. 

45 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 38, 
m. 59 ; and the Shireburne Abstract Bk. 
at Leagram Hall. This book gives notes 
of two payment* in the time of Henry V 
and later. 

46 Dtp. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 10. 

47 See the account of that township, 
Carleton, &c. John de Shireburne occurs 
in 1262 (Final Cone, i, 136) ; John and 
Eva his wife in 1281 ; De Banco R. 43, 
m. 3. 

48 Assize R. 408, m. 59 d. 

49 E.g. Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 37*. 

50 Palgrave, Parl. Writs. 

61 At the beginning of that year he 
was excused knighthood till Whitsuntide ; 
ibid. 

sa Kuerden MSS. iii, A3, no. 64. 

58 Ibid. no. 67. Robert son of Robert 
de Shireburne had in 1331 'put in his 
claim ' in a settlement of the manors ; 
Final Cone, ii, 81. He was probably the 
Robert who was knight of the shire in 



1335 ; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of 
Lanes. 25. He seems to have died about 
that time without issue, and in 1336 John 
de Shireburne appears ; ibid. 

64 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 260. 

s Ibid. 

56 Ibid, iii, A3, no. 69. 

*' Sir Robert gave lands in Much Hoole 
and Formby to his son John in 1338, and 
in 1345 Sir John de Shireburne made a 
grant of lands in Hoole ; Kuerden MSS. 
ii, fol. 260. 

In 1343 Sir John de Shireburne and 
John de Charnley were charged with 
killing a servant of Nicholas Bagot at the 
Cartford on Ribble Sand, but were found 
not guilty ; Assize R. 430, m. 31 d. (32). 

58 Crecy and Calait (Will. Salt Soc. 
xviii), 35, 100, &.c. 

Sir John had a wife Margaret, who 
afterwards married William de Dransfielti 
and was living in 1391 ; Final Cone, iii, 
38. 

59 Kuerden MSS. iii, A3, no. 66 ; the 
seal bears a lion rampant. Robert de 
Shireburne and William his brother are 
mentioned in 1323 ; Coram Rege R. 254, 
m. 42. 

60 Assize R. 434, m. 2. Ismania may 
have been a widow thrn, as she was in 
1354, when claiming dower in Hamble- 
ton ; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 3, 
m. iij. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



left two sons Robert and Richard ; the former was in 
I 349 married to Emma daughter of Sir William de 
Plumpton, 61 but must have died shortly afterwards, for 
in i 35 I, on being betrothed to Alice, sister of Emma, 
Richard was described as son of Sir John de Shire- 
burne and heir-apparent of Alice widow of Sir Robert 
de Shireburne. 69 Sir Richard de Shireburne in 1361 
granted to Richard de Bailey and others the moiety 
of the manor of Aighton lately belonging to his 
uncle William. 63 He died in or before 1370, when 
his widow Alice claimed the custody of his son 
Richard. 64 Of this son nothing further is known, and 
his sisters Joan and Margaret succeeded, the latter 
becoming sole heiress. Margaret was by 1377 married 
to Richard son of John de Bailey," and her son 
adopted Shireburne as his surname. 

John de Bailey, ancestor of the later Shireburne or 
Sherburne family, was seated at STONTHURST. 
This was the name of some land in Aighton granted 
before 1209 by Hugh son of Jordan de Mitton to 
Ellis son of Alexander de Winkley, 66 who obtained a 
confirmation from Hugh's son Robert. 67 The new 
owner probably took Stonyhurst for a surname, several 
of the family attesting local charters. About 1290 
Henry de Wath and Margaret his wife granted to 
Walter son of Jordan de Bailey the land called the 
Stonyhurst which they had acquired from Thomas 
Loucoks of Stonyhurst 68 ; a fine of 1292 appears to 
be in confirmation of it. 69 John son of Walter de 
Bailey made in 1323 an exchange of lands in Aighton 
with William de Winkley, 70 and acquired other lands 
there in 1330 and later. 71 He in 1349 obtained a 
moiety of the manor from William de Shireburne, 
and this was settled upon him and his male issue in 
1 36 1. 72 John son of Walter de Bailey was still 
living in 1370 and I37I, 73 being probably the John 



de Bailey the elder who attested a deed in the latter 
year. 74 He is said to have died in I372. 75 

John son of John de Bailey appears in 1364 as 
making a feoffment of lands in Button received from 
John son of Walter de Bailey 76 ; he acquired lands in 
Aighton in I367 77 and 1^76 while in 1372 he 
obtained licence for an oratory at Stonyhurst. 79 At his 
death in 1391 John de Bailey held the Shireburne 
manor of Aighton, either as trustee for his grandson 
Richard or by purchase. One fourth part was said to 
be held of the Duke of Lancaster in chief, another 
fourth by knight's service, another of Sir Nicholas de 
Harrington by a rent of 6o/. and the other of the 
heirs of Sir Thomas de Arderne by 6$s. ^.d. a year. 80 " 1 

Sir Nicholas de Harrington was the guardian of 
Richard de Bailey and Agnes his wife. 82 Mabel the 
widow of John in 1403 demised her dower lands in 
Aighton to Richard son and heir of Richard son and 
heir of John de Bailey. 83 In 1414 the same Richard 
held a fourth part of the manor of Sir Thomas de 
Arderne, ' rendering 4 marks a year to John de 
Bailey, which yearly rent, together with the rever- 
sion of the said fourth part, &c., the aforesaid John 
lately had of the gift and grant of William Mountford 
and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of Joan 
daughter and heir of the said Sir Thomas.' w Richard 
was knight of the shire in I42O, 85 and died in 1441 
holding the manor of Aighton of the king as Earl of 
Lincoln in socage ; with manors and lands elsewhere, 
as in Hambleton, Poulton, Freckleton, Longton, 
Chorley and Bolton-le-Moors. 86 By his will he pro- 
vided for the inclosing of St. Nicholas' chapel in 
Mitton Church, 87 to which Agnes his widow, who 
died in 1445, was aLo a benefactor. 88 

His son Richard, as appears from his monumental 
inscription, 89 had died a few days before him, so that 



41 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 260. 

M Ibid. Hi, A 3, no. 68. 

48 Ibid. no. 72 ; the seal shows six 
fusils in fesse charged with escallops. 

64 De Banco R. 440, m. 20 ; the defen- 
dant was Robert son of William de 
Clifton. Alice afterwards married Sir 
John Boteler, and in 1373 released her 
right to dower in lands in Aighton for- 
merly belonging to William son of Sir 
Robert de Shireburne ; Kuerden MSS. 
i.i, A 3, no. 70. 

44 Dods. MSS. cliii, fol. 101 ; an in- 
denture between Sir John Boteler and 
John de Bailey. 

44 Stonyhurst Coll. D. ; the bounds, 
which at several points were indicated by 
oak trees, began at an alder trunk in the 
Stonyway by the arable land in Stony- 
hurst, went east to Thuvicarr, then north 
to a strip of land round Ellis's houses, 
and by it to Stony Brook, running west ; 
then south and east to the starting-point. 

47 Ibid. 

48 Robert de Hephale, seneschal of 
Blackburnshire, was one of the wit- 
nesses. 

Jordan de Bailey is named in 1257 ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 204. Jordan 
son of Jordan de Bailey was plaintiff in 
1292 ; Assize R. 408, m. 4. 

Amice widow of Jordan de Bailey, 
William de Edisforth and Margaret hit 
wife were in 1312 defendants to a claim 
by Thomas de Bradhurst in right of his 
wife Agnes ; De Banco R. 195, m. 153 d.; 
199, m. 60. 

69 Final Cone, i, 176 ; a messuage, 8 
acres of land, <fcc. 



70 Towneley MS. DD, no. 644. 

71 Christiana widow of William Pye of 
Clitheroe and daughter of Adam son of 
Roger de Clitheroe in 1330 released to 
him the Aighton lands of Richard son of 
William de Edisforth ; deed cited in 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 7, m. 5 d. In 
1 346 John de Bailey claimed messuages 
and land in Aighton against Adam son of 
Henry Harrison of Aighton, and appears 
as plaintiff or defendant two years later ; 
De Banco R. 348, m. 194; 354,01. 82 d.; 
355, m. 124. 

ri Kuerden MSS. iii, A 3, no. 65-6. 
In the same year, as stated in the text, 
Sir Richard de Shireburne granted a 
moiety of the manor to Richard son of 
John son of Walter de Bailey, Jordan de 
Bailey chaplain and Ralph son of Robert 
de Bailey ; ibid. no. 72. 

73 Add. MS. 32107, no. 888, 872. 

74 DD, no. 658. 

74 Gerard, Stonyhurst Coll. 44. The 
seal of John de Bailey, 1365, bore an 
eagle displayed ; Towneley MS. C 8, 1 3 
(Chet. Lib.), 563. 

76 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 260. 

77 Final Cnc. ii, 173 ; from Adam son 
of John de Blackburn and Alice his 
wife. 

78 DD, no. 670 ; Adam de Winkley 
granted a toft, &c., adjoining Stonyhurst 
to John son of John de Bailey in exchange 
for three plats of land and wood called 
the Pighle, Hodderford ridding and the 
Foxholes adjoining Winkley. The seal 
bore an eagle displayed. 

79 Gerard, op. cit. 45. 

SO" 1 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 44. 



The last-named rent is probably an error 
for 53*. 4</., i.e. 4 marks. John de Bailey 
in 1391 made provision for the singing of 
300 masses for his soul and the souls of 
his parents, &c., by one or more honest 
chaplains within two years ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 195. 

89 Final Cone, iii, 38. 

83 Kuerden MSS. iii, A 3, no. 59. 

M Ibid. no. 74. See note 46 above. 
Bailey was probably trustee for Richard. 

84 Pink and Bcaven, Part. Repre. of 
Lanes. 51. In 1423 he acquired from 
Richard son of William del Riddings land 
at Winkley which had in 1331 been 
granted by John del Riddings to his 
brother William to be held of the chief 
lords by a rent of yd. ; Add. MS. 32305, 
no. 1026, 1136. The Shireburne seal 
appended to a feoffment of the manor of 
Wiswell in 1429 bears quarterly I and 4, 
a lion rampant ; 2 and 3, an eagle dis- 
played ; Kuerden MSS. iii, A 3, no. 76. 

Richard Shireburne and Agnes his wife 
in 1421 obtained the pope's licence for a 
portable altar ; Col. Papal Letters, vii, 
330. 

8 * Lanes. Rec. Inq. p.m. no. 30, 31 ; 
the clear annual value of the manor of 
Aighton was 20. 

87 Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), ii, 75. 
This bequest reads : ' Also I will that a 
closet be made honestly at the said altar 
of St. Nicholas upon my cost.' He 
bequeathed vestments, &c., for the priest 
saying mass there and desired to be buried 
in the chapel. ** Ibid, ii, 105. 

8Whitaker, Whallcy, ii, 493, refer- 
ring to Harl. MS. 804, fol. 99^. 




CO 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



the heir was a grandson named Robert, son of the 
younger Richard by his wife Alice Hamerton, 90 
and only six years of age. Little is recorded of 
Robert's fifty years' tenure of the manor. 91 He died 
in 1492 holding Aighton of Sir Edward Stanley, 
successor of Harrington, by the rent of 6os. ; also 
various other manors and lands. Provision had been 
made in 1489 for Thomas and Roger, younger sons, 
and in 1491 for Anne daughter of Sir Thomas 
Talbot, who was to marry Hugh grandson of 
Robert. The heir was Robert's son Sir Richard 
Shireburne, then thirty years of age. 92 He died in 
1513 holding the manor as before, and leaving a 
son Hugh, thirty years of age, to inherit. 93 Hugh's 
son Thomas of full age succeeded in I5z8, 94 but did 
not long continue, dying in I535~6, 9i during his 
term of office as sheriff. 96 

Richard the son and heir of Thomas was said to 
be ten years old at his father's death. 97 He held the 
manor for nearly sixty years, and for most of the 
time was one of the leading men in the county. In 
1544 he was made a knight during the invasion of 
Scotland in that year, Edinburgh being captured. 98 
He was a member of the Parliaments of Mary's time, 99 
but not later ; nor was he ever sheriff. Religion 
probably kept him from these employments after 
1559, for such as he was he favoured Roman 
Catholicism. 100 Towards the end of his life, about 
1591, it was reported to the queen's ministers that 
Sir Richard and his family * are recusants and do not 
go to church, or if they do, stop their ears with wool 
lest they should hear ; that he kept a priest in Queen 
Mary's time ; had one brought to confess his wife 
when ill ; relieves Richard Startevant, who is con- 
versant with Dr. Allen and other Jesuits and is 



suspected to be a Jesuit, and for that reason he 
put Roger Startevant out of the book for payment 
of this subsidy ; that he says he could apprehend 
massing priests but will disturb no man for his 
conscience ; that he threatens revenge, with death, 
against those that preferred the articles against him ; 
that he has several times, from 1585 to 1588, laid 
upon the inhabitants of Lancashire too high taxes for 
soldiers, and kept the money in his hands and refuses 
to account for it ; that he threatens to hang constables 
by martial law unless they collect the sums so taxed ; 
that he retains sundry sums due to people on the 
end of the last lottery ; that he threatened vengeance 
on Simon Haydock, who refused to sell him lands at 
Chorley, if he continued in his lieutenancy ; that he 
has been guilty of incest and adultery ; and has 
never lent the queen money by privy seal, though 
worth more than i ,000 a year.' 101 He was at 
one time a member of the Ecclesiastical Commission 
of the North, the object of which was to exterminate 
Roman Catholicism. 102 He was master forester of 
Bowland, a deputy-lieutenant of the county and the 
Earl of Derby's lieutenant of the Isle of Man. 103 He 
married Maud Bold, and had several children by her, 
as well as illegitimate offspring by various mistresses ; 
one of these he married immediately after his wife's 
death in I588. 104 Though involved in a great num- 
ber of lawsuits 10i he prospered, adding much to the 
family wealth 106 ; he rebuilt the Shireburne aisle in 
Mitton Church, 107 and began a new hall at Stony- 
hurst, 108 which his son continued. 

Sir Richard died 26 July 1594 holding the 
manors of Aighton, Wiswell, Dutton, Carleton, 
Hambleton, Longton, Bispham, Norcross and 
Whittingham ; a moiety of the manor of Chorley, a 



90 In 1422 an agreement was made by 
which Richard son of Richard Shireburne 
was to marry Maud daughter of Lawrence 
Hamerton ; Towneley MS. HH, no. 101. 

91 Sir John Boteler in 1447 released to 
Robert Shireburne the younger all right 
in various lands ; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 
(Chet. Lib.), 145. In 1467 a covenant 
was made that 'an honest secular priest' 
should celebrate mass four times a week 
at ' the chapel of the manor of Stony- 
hurst ' for various persons deceased ; 
Foley, Rec. 5. J. v, 401, from the Shire- 
burne Abstract Bk. at Leagram. 

98 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 92 ; 
the tenure of the manor of Aighton seems 
to be imperfectly recorded. 

A papal dispensation for the marriage 
of Richard Shireburne to Joan Langton 
was granted in 1472 ; Test. Ebor. iii, 341. 

98 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 46 
His will (1508) is recited. 

Hugh Shireburne was accused of 
adultery in 1517; Whallty Act Bk. 
(Chet. Soc.), 55, 66. 

94 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, 
no. 65 ; the tenure of Aighton was 
recorded as ' of the king as of his earldom 
of Lincoln ' in socage by a rent of yd, 
Dower was in 1537 assigned to Anne 
widow of Hugh Shireburne ; ibid, viii, 
no. 27. For the administration of his 
estate see Whalley Act Bk. 1 1 9. 

93 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 33; 
the manor of Aighton was held of the 
king as Earl of Lincoln, a rent of yd. 
being due for castle ward. In addition 
to the manors and lands in his possession 
Thomas Shireburne had the reversion of 
others held for life by his uncle Roger 



Shireburne in Carleton, &c. ; by Richard 
Shireburne in Wiswell, &c. ; by Thomas 
bastard son of Sir Richard in Leyland, &c. ; 
and by Robert son of Hugh Shireburne 
in Aighton. 

In 1529-30 Thoma* Shireburne wa 
accused of poaching in the forest of Bow- 
land ; C. D. Sherborn, Family of Sherborn, 

*5- 

98 P.R.O. Litt, 73. 

97 The age may have been understated. 
Special licence of entry was granted him 
in 1544 ; Def. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 
559. He was married at Farnworth in 
Widnes on 26 Oct. 1539, but his wife't 
name is not given ; Reg. 

98 Metcalfe, Bk. of Knights, 76. 

99 In 1 5 5 3, for the county ; Nov. 1554, 
Preston ; 1555, Liverpool; 1557-8, 
Preston ; Pink and Beaven, op. cit. 63, 
143, 181, 144. 

100 He may be the ' Master Shireburne ' 
of George Marsh's story who was at 
Lathom when this Protestant preacher 
was examined there by the Earl of Derby 
in 1554. He did not argue with Marsh, 
professing himself ignorant of the Scrip- 
tures, but lamented that ' a well-favoured 
young man and one that might have good 
living and do good would so foolishly cast 
himself away, sticking so hard to such 
foolish opinions ' ; Foxe, Acts and Monum. 
(ed. Cattley), vii, 43-4. 

101 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1591-4, p. 159. 
Richard Startevant was a confidential 
servant of Cardinal Allen's in 1583 ; 
Knox, Douay Diaries, 193. About ten years 
later he seems to have begun his studies for 
the priesthood ; Foley, Rec. S. /. vi, 194. 

102 He was said to use his position to 



be 'an intelligencer to the Papists of 
Lancashire ' ; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, quot- 
ing S. P. Dom. Eliz. ccxl. Dodsworth is 
given as authority for the assertion that 
Elizabeth winked at his recusancy. 

108 M.I. at Mitton ; Whitaker, Craven 
(ed. Morant), 24. 

10< A pedigree was recorded in 1567 ; 
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 58. The second wife 
was Isabel Wood. For the wills of Sir 
Richard and Dame Isabel see Raines, 
Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 267 ; Wills (Chet. 
Soc. new ser.), ii, 179. 

Sir Richard's portrait in oils and 
several other family pictures are preserved 
at Leagram Hall ; Sherborn, op. cit. 35. 

105 See Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), ii, 
212 (Paradise in Aighton) ; iii, n (Dani- 
scoles in Aighton), 102 (Chaigley), &c. 

106 The fines show a large number of 
purchases made by him in the Aighton 
district; for instance, in 1556 he pur- 
chased two messuages, &c., in Aighton 
and Hambleton from Sir Thomas Hesketh 
and Alice his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of 
F. bdle. 1 6, m. 15. Lands in Aighton 
were held by Thomas Hesketh of Ruffbrd 
in 1523, but the tenure was unknown ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. v, no. 16. 

A purchase from John Grimshaw of 
Clayton is recorded in Add. MS. 32105, 
no. 877. 

A settlement was made in 1579 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 199. 

107 Whitaker, Craven, quoting Dods. 
MSS. v, 41. Sir Richard in his will desired 
to be buried 'in the midst of my new 
quire.' The same expression occurs in 
his sen Richard's will, 1627. 

IDS Gerard, op. cit. 53-4. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



fourth part of that of Bolton-le-Moors ; the hundred, 
bailiwick and view of frankpledge of Leylandshire ; 
with messuages, lands, &c., in Aighton, Chaigley and 
Bailey and some thirty other townships ; fisheries in 
the Ribble, Hodder, Douglas and Wyre ; also the 
manor of Wigglesworth and other estates in York- 
shire. 109 Richard his son was thirty-seven years of 
age on succeeding. 110 He was captain of the Isle of 
Man for fifteen years, 111 and in 1596 obtained from 
the Crown a lease of the barony of Bangor Sabell in 
Dalby there, which lease was renewed to his des- 
cendants. 112 Perhaps more compliant in religion than 
his father, 113 he acted as sheriff in i6i3-i4. 114 A 
pedigree was recorded about the same time. 115 He 
added to the family estates and died in 1628, leaving 
as heir his son Richard, thirty-seven years of age, the 
eldest son Henry having died before his father. 116 

Richard Shireburne, though lax in his religion at 
one time, 117 was prepared to suffer for it when he 
came into his inheritance, and in 1632 compounded for 
the two-thirds of the estates liable to sequestration for 
his recusancy by an annual payment of 48 I 3/. 4^. 113 
He took the king's side in the Civil War, 119 and on 
his monument is described as ' an eminent sufferer for 
his loyal fidelity to King Charles I of ever-blessed 
memory.' 120 His estates were of course sequestered 
by the Parliament, and at last his sufferings broke his 
spirit, for there is evidence that he recovered pos- 
session by renouncing his religion. 121 He lived to 
see the Restoration, dying in i667. 123 A pedigree 
was recorded in i664. 123 

His son Richard, founder of the Shireburne Alms- 
houses and other charities, was under suspicion at 
the time of the Gates Plot. He, his wife Isabel and 
his sons Richard and Nicholas were indicted as 
recusants in l678, 124 while Stonyhurst was denounced 
as the centre of ' a damnable Jesuit plot.' An account 
of it was published in 1679 by Robert Bolron, one 
of Lord Shaftesbury's agents, under the title of The 
Papist? Bloody Oath of Secrecy. He had been sent 




down to search the house, and ' in the chamber of 
the chaplain ... he found a copy of the constitu- 
tions of the common fund for the Lancashire secular 
clergy, a charity still existing for the relief of infirm 
and decayed members. This document, written in 
Latin, dated 28 February 1675, and bearing the 
names of the members and officers,' was denounced as 
a plot ' for the destruction of his most sacred Majesty 
and the Protestant religion.' 126 At the Revolution 
Richard Shireburne was ar- 
rested as loyal to James II, 
and died in prison at Man- 
chester in 1689. 126 His elder 
son Richard dying without 
issue in l69O 127 was succeeded 
by the younger son Nicholas, 
who had been created a 
baronet in l685-6. 128 A 
settlement of Aighton and 
other manors was made by 
him on succeeding. 129 Sir 
Nicholas remained faithful to 
the Stuarts and was accused 
of complicity in the alleged 
' Lancashire Plot ' of 1 694. 130 
infirm to take part in the rising of 1715, and was 
not even charged as an accomplice, though in 
November, in readiness for the Jacobite incursion, a 
supper party at Stonyhurst spent the night in casting 
bullets and next morning took with them four of his 
coach horses, with guns and pistols. 131 He carried 
out his father's charitable designs by building alms- 
houses and in other ways ; but his plans for improving 
the hall were checked by the sudden death of his 
only son Richard Francis in I7O2. 132 His other 
child Mary in 1709 married Thomas the eighth 
Duke of Norfolk. Sir Nicholas registered his estates 
as a 'Papist' in 1717, the annual value being set 
down as 1,1 5o. 133 He died in the same year, 134 
and his daughter recorded his character as ' a man of 



SHIRF.BURNE of Stony- 
hurst, baronet. Argent 
a lion rampant guardant 
vert. 



He was probably too 



iM Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 3; 
the manor of Aighton was said to be held 
of the queen as of the earldom of Lincoln 
in socage. 

110 Livery was granted on 17 Feb. 
1594-5 5 D'p- Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 
559. A feoffment by Richard Shireburne 
in 1597, mentioning his former wife 
Katherine and his then wife Anne, is in 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 773. The will of 
Anne Shireburne may be seen ibid. no. 
1043. 

111 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 490, quoting 
his epitaph. His wife Katherine Stourton 
was niece to Henry Earl of Derby, lord 
of Man. She died at Kirkmalee, near 
Castle Rushen, leaving three surviving 
children, Henry, Richard and Katherine; 
four had died ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

114 Ibid. ; renewals in 1669 and 1698 
are recorded. 

113 In the epitaph quoted is a prayer for 
ihe dead. P.R.O. List, 73. 

115 Visit, of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 27. 

116 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no.4. 
His will is in Will* (Chet. Soc. new 
sen), ii, 199. He had an illegitimate 
daughter ; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1619-23, 
pp. 239, 362. 

"7 He was godfather to one of Sir 
Ralph Assheton's children (a Protestant) 
in 1 6 1 7 ; Auhe ton's Journal (Chet. Soc.), 1 6. 

118 Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 
178. 



In 1642 he desired permission ' to go 
to the waters of Bourbon ' with his wife, 
daughter and servant ; Hist. AfSS. Com. 
Rep. v, 63. The journey probably related 
to the education of his children on the 
Continent, as Richard his son was at 
St. Omers in 1643-6 ; Gerard, op. cit. 64. 

119 A Mr. Shireburne of Stonyhurst 
was taken prisoner at Rowton Heath in 
1645 ; Ches. Sheaf (Ser. 3), v, 1 8. This 
was perhaps not the head of the family. 

120 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 491. 

111 Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 1996 ; Cal. 
Com. for Advancing Money, iii, 1362. It 
appeared that Richard Shireburne himself 
was not a convicted recusant, but his wife 
was ; and ' his children were educated in 
popery.' The doubt arises from the 
appearance of more than one of the name. 
Richard of Stonyhurst had refused to come 
and take the oath of abjuration in 1651. 

A settlement of his manors of Aighton, 
Bailey, Chaigley, Wiswell, Dutton, Ham- 
bleton and Longton, with extensive lands, 
two water-mills, two windmills, three dove- 
cotes, &c., was made by him in 1647 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 145, m. 4. 

128 An abstract of his will is printed by 
C. D. Sherborn (op. cit. 45). It records 
the alienation of 4,000 from his son's 
wife's settlement on account of the alleged 
dishonesty of his son Richard. 

128 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 263. 

184 Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 



109. Richard the son occurs in a list of 
'Papists fled from justice ' in 1680 ; ibid, 
xi, App. ii, 240. 

125 J. Gillow, Bill. Diet, of Engl. Cath. 
iv, 326 ; ' in the document which he prints 
the wretched informer has cut out every- 
thing which would denote the real object 
of the association.' See also Pal. Note Bk. 
ii, 8,41. 

126 M.I. in Mitton Church. A mortu- 
ary list of his time (copied 1724) shows 
that the priest at Chipping was ' to cele- 
brate three times a week, offering up one 
mass for Richard Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst, esquire, and Isabel his wife,' &c. ; 
Foley, Rec. S. J. v, 339. la7 M.I. 

188 G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, iv, 138. 
129 Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 452, m. 7. 

180 Jacobite Trials (Chet Soc.), 3, &c. 

181 Payne, Rec. of Engl. Cath. 145-6. 

182 j-{ e was on iy eight years old. The 
tradition is that he died of eating some 
poisonous berries in the garden at Stony- 
hurst. 

133 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Non-jurors, 114, 200, 309. He had large 
estates in Yorkshire and Northumberland 
as well as in Lancashire. A catalogue 
of the Shireburne deeds, made for him in 
1715, is preserved at Leagram Hall. He 
compiled a pedigree of his family, now at 
Lulworth. 

184 M.I. in Mitton Church ; Whitaker, 
Whallcy, ii, 491-2. 



ADAPTED IKOM A 
CENTDKr TIM 



FIRST ODOK P1AN 




GROUND nflDR P1AN 



ip o 1Q 20 30 4p 30 GO 70 p?| ILIZPESTROffl) 
APPROOMATR SC^LE of EET I I NOT BUDT 
MITTON : PLANS OF STONYHURST 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



great humanity, sympathy and concern for the good 
of mankind . . . He particularly set his neighbour- 
hood a-spinning of Jersey wool and provided a man to 
comb the wool and a woman who taught them to 
spin, whom he kept in his house and allotted several 
rooms he had in one of the courts of Stonyhurst for 
them to work in, and the neighbours came to spin 
accordingly . . . from April 1699 to August 1701. 
When they had all learnt he gave the nearest neigh- 
bour each a pound or half a pound of wool ready for 
spinning, and wheel, to set up for themselves ; which 
did a vast deal of good to that north side of Kibble 
in Lancashire.' 135 

The Duchess of Norfolk occasionally resided at 
Stonyhurst in her husband's lifetime, and it became 
her home in her widowhood, 1732 to I754. 136 She 
held the estates in fee simple and bequeathed them 
to the next-of-kin, the issue of her aunt Elizabeth, 
sister of Sir Nicholas, who had married William 
Weld of Lulworth in Dorset. Their grandson, 
Edward Weld, who died in 1761, became lord of 
Aighton, but did not reside there, 137 and his son 
Thomas 138 in 1 794 gave the hall and 44 acres of 
land around it to the Jesuits of the Liege Academy, 139 
the successor of St. Omers, founded in 1592 ; and 
they established the school there. Thomas Weld 
had been a pupil of the college while it was stationed 
at Bruges, 1762 to 1773, and had the satisfaction of 
seeing his old school beginning to prosper in the 
place he had given ; he died suddenly at Stonyhurst 
I August 1 8 10, having travelled thither to be present 
at the opening of new buildings. 140 His son Thomas 
Weld, left a widower, was ordained priest in 1821 
and was appointed a cardinal in 1829. He sold 
considerable parts of the Aighton estates and died in 
i837- 141 His trustees and heir sold the manor of 
Aighton to the college in 1841, subject to a rent- 
charge of 6 for the poor of Leagram. 142 The 
college also acquired various parts of the estates as 
they were sold. 



In 1836 courts for Aighton and Chaigley were 
held by Cardinal Weld, 143 and the Aighton manor 
court continued to be held down to 1900 by the 
rector of Stonyhurst and the college trustees. 144 

Situated on the lower slope of Longridge Fell ' the 
turrets of princely STONTHURST 148 rise amid a 
pleasantly wooded country. Of the house 146 that 
existed prior to the time of Sir Richard Shireburne 
no portion now remains except a few fragments, here- 
after referred to, which have been preserved. There is 
enough evidence, however, in old prints and from other 
sources to give some idea of the mediaeval mansion, 
the principal part of which seems to have stood 
somewhere about the north-east corner of the present 
quadrangle. On this site there were standing well 
into the I9th century a number of quaint and 
ancient buildings 147 which when taken down revealed 
traces of a structure said to have been of late I4th or 
early 15th-century date. 148 The destruction of the 
buildings known as the old infirmary, or Sparrow's 
Hall, 149 on the north side of the quadrangle in 1856 
brought to light what were thought to be traces of 
the chapel for which a licence was obtained in 1372, 
including some carved oak spandrels similar in style 
to those in the roof of Mitton Church, which date 
from the late years of the reign of Edward III, 150 
and in a further demolition in the kitchen court in 1861 
a portion of an old window with moulded oakmullions, 
said to have been of late 14th-century date, which 
had been hidden by an 18th-century structure put 
up in front of it, was discovered. 

These fragments, though revealing very little as to 
the size or appearance of the mediaeval house, seem 
to indicate that a building of some importance 
occupied part of the present site some 200 years or 
more before the present building was begun by Sir 
Richard Shireburne. To these buildings, whatever 
they were like, Hugh Shireburne, the grandfather of 
the Elizabethan builder, seems to have made con- 
siderable additions about the year 1523, some 



13S Whitaker, ffhalley, ii, 491-2. Sir 
Nicholas and his lady, among their other 
charities, used to give ' on All Souls' Day 
a considerable deal of money to the poor ; 
Lady Shireburne serving them with her 
own hands that day." 

The 'Stonyhurst Buck Hunt,' an old 
ballad naming Sir Nicholas, the Duke of 
Norfolk, Mr. Penketh and others, is 
printed in N. and Q. (Ser. ij, x, 503. 
Many interesting details of Sir Nicholas' 
life and character will be found in Gerard, 
op. cit. 40, 69-75. A note of Lady 
Shireburne's nuncupative will is printed 
in Payne's Rec. of Engl. Cath. 26. 

186 A settlement of the manors of 
Aighton, Bailey, Chaigley, Dutton, Wis- 
well, Carleton, Hambleton, Leagram and 
Ribchester, with other Shireburne estates, 
was made in 1719 by Thomas Duke of 
Norfolk and Mary his wife ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 284, m. 81. In 
1737 there was a recovery by Mary 
Dowager Duchess of Norfolk ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 544, m. 13. An estate 
map of 1733 showing the Shireburne 
lands at that time is now at Stonyhurst. 

The duchess married her kinsman the 
Hon. Peregrine Widdrington, a Jacobite 
who was 'out' in 1715; G.E.C. Com- 
plete Peerage, vi, 56. 

187 For the later descents see Burke, 
Commoners, i, 198-9 and Landed Gentry. 

138 Thomas Weld in 1777 was tenant 



of the hundred of Leyland ; the manor* 
of Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley, Chorley, 
Longton, Great Carleton, Hambleton, 
Dutton, Ribchester, Wiswell, Howath 
and Stidd ; the advowson of Mitton ; 
lands, &c. ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 625, 
m. lod. 16, 40 (recovery). 

139 He afterwards gave Hodder Place 
and lands there. A formal deed of gift 
was executed in 1809. See Gerard, op. 
cit. 39, 91, 115, 136. 

It appears that Mr. Weld had in 1772 
offered it to Bishop William Walton for 
a residence, on condition that the Jesuit 
chaplain should remain, but the offer was 
declined. Afterwards in 1793 he would 
have given it to the English students 
expelled from Douay by the French 
Revolution, again on condition that the 
Jesuits should have charge ; Gillow, Bibl. 
Diet, of Engl. Cath. iv, 327. 

140 Gerard, op. cit. 136. 

141 Ibid. 137 (there is a portrait, ibid. 
92) ; Diet. Nat. Biog. He had a daughter 
Mary Lucy, who married Lord Clifford 
of Chudleigh. His brothers were Joseph 
Weld of Lulworth and George Weld of 
Leagram. 

143 End. Char. Rep. for Whalley (White- 
well), 1902, p. 3. 

143 Baines, Lanes, (ed. i), iii, 371 ; the 
dependency on Clitheroe was still recog- 
nized. 

144 Information of Fr. J. Keating. 



145 Grindon, Lanes. 207, 331. 

146 In the following account of Stony- 
hurst Hall use has been made of the 
Rev. John Gerard's Stonyhurst College 
Centenary Record, 1894, and also of the 
articles by the Rev. C. S. Beauclerk in 
the Stonyhurst Mag. 1885. The editors 
also wish to put on record their thanks 
to the authorities at the college for in- 
formation and help most readily given. 

147 Gerard, op. cit. 47. 

148 ' One of these relics is still to be 
seen, though removed from its original 
position, in the shape of a round-headed 
stone doorway, through which was the 
passage from the house to the back pre- 
mises. . . . It is now (1894) in the inner 
dairy' ; ibid. 48. 

149 Sparrow's Hall (so called after 
Mr. Sparrow, Mr. Weld's steward, who 
resided there) was externally a building 
of later and uncertain but probably 
16th-century date, of little or no archi- 
tectural interest. 

iso < When the ceiling was pulled down 
an oaken roof was laid bare, the spandrels 
of every panel being carved with roses. 
At one end of the room was a recess ' ; 
record of an eye-witness of the demolition 
printed in the Stonyhurst Mag. i, 286. 
All these spandrels have disappeared ex- 
cept one, which, however, is not carved 
with roses; Stonyhurst Mag. (1885), 
101. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



portions of which, at the east end of the old south 
front, stood until 1 807 and others till as late as 1 86 1 . 
The portion taken down in 1807 was entirely of 
wood and plaster, but had been refaced in the 
1 8th century with stone and sash windows introduced. 
Standing to the south-east of the Elizabethan house, 
its north side fronted what is now the kitchen court, 
and the other fragments of the older house occurring 
on the north and north-east side of the present 
quadrangle suggest that the whole of the pre- 
Elizabethan mansion occupied a site more or less 
covered to-day by the buildings, the quadrangle and 
the kitchen yard. The minstrels' gallery at the 
bottom of the great hall, now the boys' refectory, 
constructed in 1857 out of timber from Hugh 
Shireburne's buildings, bears the inscription in black- 
letter characters ' Quant je puis Hugo Sherburn 
Armig . me fieri fecit Ao. Dni. MCCCCCXXIII. 
Et sicut fuit sic fiat,' m and the external walling of 
Sparrow's Hall, already referred to, may have been 
Hugh Shireburne's work. Built into it were a number 
of carved stones which are supposed to have come 
from Whalley Abbey, but if this were so it would 
place the erection of the front after Hugh Shireburne's 
death in 1528. The most interesting of these stones 
were two corbel angels bearing shields with the 
emblems of the Passion and above them an inscription 
' Sicut fuerit voluntas in coelo sic fiat Factum est hoc 
capellum anno . . .,' not, however, in its original 
situation, as the words were misplaced. 152 There were 
also five stones in this part of the building carved 
with devices, two of which were evidently the arms 
of the Lacys, the founders and patrons of Whalley 
Abbey, viz. a lion rampant, which was their family 
cognizance, and three garbs which they bore as 
Constables of Chester. 183 

The exact date when Sir Richard Shireburne com- 
menced rebuilding the house is not known, though 
it is pretty certain that it was somewhere about the 
year 1590. In his will dated 1593 Sir Richard 
leaves to his eldest son 'all his iron to build with, 
that he may finish the buildings therewith now already 
begun, also his lead provided to cover his house now 
in building at Stonyhurst, so that he may cover the 
same as far as it will go, also all his building stone 
and wrought timber at Stonyhurst.' 154 At his death 
in the following year the walls of practically the 
whole of the Elizabethan part of the house were 
probably not far from completion, at any rate as far 
as the great drawing-room at the south-east corner, 
beginning from the gateway tower. The plaster 
chimney-piece in that room, which is now destroyed, 
bore the date 1596 together with the initials of 
Sir Richard and his son. * If this room was ready for 



the plaster work in 1596 it looks as if the building 
had well progressed at Sir Richard's death in 1 594,' 158 
and there is the further evidence of a stone, now in 
the great hall, the original position of which is 
uncertain, but which was probably over the fireplace 
there when the room was first built, that another 
portion of the mansion was completed three years 
later. 156 The building of the new house may have 
started a few years before 1590, but the evidence of 
the masons' marks shows that a very large number of 
workmen were employed and the progress of the work 
would be therefore rapid. 157 

The new mansion as conceived, and as partly carried 
out, by Sir Richard Shireburne was to be built round 
a central quadrangle measuring about 8 1 ft. by 90 ft., 
the sides facing approximately south-west, north-east, 
south-east and north-west 18 ; but in the present 
description the south-west or entrance front, following 
the custom at Stonyhurst, is termed the west side, 
and the south-east or old garden front the south side. 
The design is one of considerable merit and of much 
regularity both in plan and elevation, and if com- 
pleted would have been one of the finest examples 
of early Renaissance architecture in the country. As 
it is, the existing portions of Sir Richard's buildings, 
more especially the great entrance tower on the west 
front and the south and east sides of the quadrangle, 
are exceedingly good specimens of late 16th-century 
work, and merit far more attention than has yet been paid 
to them by writers on English domestic architecture. 

The building seems to have been begun at the 
entrance tower and continued along the west side of 
the quadrangle southwards, followed by the south 
and east wings as far as a point on the east side about 
opposite to where it began, no doubt there abutting 
against some of the older buildings already mentioned, 
others of which may have been demolished to make 
way for it. A considerable portion of the house 
(probably the whole of that built about seventy years 
before), however, was left standing to the east of the 
south wing, and the north side of the quadrangle 
was partly occupied, as has been already stated, by 
older buildings. No doubt Sir Richard originally 
intended them to make way for his completed quad- 
rangular mansion, but for some unknown reason the 
building was never finished according to what is 
supposed to have been the original plan, and the 
whole of the north wing and the northern ends of 
the east and west wings remained unbuilt. The 
gate-house tower, therefore, stood detached on its north 
side for something like 250 years, and is so shown in 
all old drawings and prints of Stonyhurst. 

The plan of the building here reproduced is taken 
from one dated i694, 159 but whether this is a copy 



151 Father Gerard also mentions another 
piece of woodwork which bore the inscrip- 
tion 'Factum est hoc opus per Hug* 
Sherburn Arm. A Dni MDXIII.' From 
this it would appear that Hugh Shireburne 
began building operations of some descrip- 
tion as soon as he succeeded to the pro- 
perty. 

IM Stonyhurst Mag. (1885), loo-l, 
where a sketch of the angel corbels is 
given. They are now, together with the 
inscription, built into the walls on the 
east side of the quadrangle. The inscrip- 
tion is very similar to that of Hugh 
Shireburne already mentioned. The form 
' capellum ' is unusual. 



1M Ibid. 100. 

U4 Quoted ibid. 31. 

1M Ibid. 

ls6 It bears the arms of Shireburne and 
the date 1599. Probably the great hall 
was completed about this time. 

147 The Rev. C. S. Beauclerk has dis- 
cussed very fully the question of the 
masons' marks at Stonyhurst (ibid. 30-7), 
and has noted the marks of over sixty men. 
There were probably more, many no doubt 
having been lost, parts of the walling 
being very much weather-worn and other 
parts are hidden or have been destroyed. 
Father Beauclerk assumes, therefore, that 
Sir Richard started his work with fully 

8 



fifty masons and increased this number to 
perhaps seventy as the work progressed. 
The evidence of the marks goes to show 
that the whole of the building was exe- 
cuted at one time. Facsimiles of sixty-one 
marks are given ibid. 33. The 'new 
choir ' built by Sir Richard at Mitton 
Church bears the marks of six men, five 
of which correspond with marks at Stony- 
hurst. 

148 Strictly speaking the entrance front 
is W.S.W., the other sides of the house 
facing the corresponding points. 

159 The copy of this plan at Leagram 
Hall bears the name and date, ' Mr. Dudell 
1604,' but Father Gerard has pointed out 




MITTON : STONYHURST, IN 1808 
(From a water-colour drawing by J. Buckler) 




MITTON : STONYHURST : SOUTH FRONT 
(From an old print) 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



M1TTON (PART OF) 



made in Sir Nicholas Shireburne's time of an older 
plan showing the building as originally projected, or 
whether it depicts a scheme of Sir Nicholas' own for 
completing the unfinished mansion, is uncertain. 
There is unfortunately no scale attached to the plan, 
and the dimensions of the actual building do not fit 
it exactly 16 in every respect ; but generally speaking 
it is correct as far as the existing buildings are con- 
cerned, the positions of doors and windows being 
rightly shown. 161 

This plan, whatever its original date, is of great 
interest as showing the completed plan of the house 
as intended, at any rate, in the iyth century. In 
what is certainly the original part of the plan the 
great hall occupies the larger part of the east wing, 
with the dais at the south end flanked by large bay 
windows, and the south wing contained the long 
gallery. Between these two principal rooms, and 
forming a south-east projecting wing, was the great 
withdrawing-room, which had a large bay window 
facing the east. These rooms are all on the first 
floor, the bottom story following the early type and 
being cut up into a number of small rooms, the 
purpose of which can now only be conjectured. The 
great hall was approached directly from the courtyard 
by a wide stone staircase opposite the entrance gate- 
way, and the entrance itself seems to have been 
originally approached by a rather steep incline by 
which carriages and horses entered the courtyard. 162 

The south end of the west wing seems to have 
been occupied by the chapel, which went up two 
stories, and in the angle between which and the 
narrow south wing was a picturesque projecting bay, 
with a small room on each floor and a circular stone 
staircase. A corresponding but smaller projection in 
the opposite angle carried up above the parapet seems 
to have contained a flue or ventilating shaft. The 
south or garden elevation was therefore very well 
broken up, and with the older buildings of Hugh 
Shireburne at its east end presented a very picturesque 
appearance. It is of course now hidden by the later 
school buildings which have been erected in front of 
it, and the whole of its eastern end destroyed. The 
kitchen and offices of the Elizabethan house would 
doubtless be located in the older buildings, the new 
mansion terminating at the north-east at the screens 
of the great hall or a little beyond. 

The north wing as shown in the plan of 1694 was 



intended to be more than double the width of the 
south or long gallery wing, and is shown divided down 
its centre by a thick wall with five passage rooms on 
the first floor on the south side and a large central 
staircase with two rooms on each side on the north. 
This part of the plan has more the appearance of a 
late 17th-century design for the completion of the 
Elizabethan structure than of an original 16th-century 
project, though no positive conclusion can easily be 
arrived at. 

After Sir Richard Shireburne's death his son con- 
tinued and completed the building as far as it had 
then gone, the work apparently not being finished till 
about the year i6o6. 163 It was thus, and remained 
till the i gth century, a ' half-house,' 164 the comple- 
tion of the quadrangle on something like the plan 
originally intended only having been finally carried 
out in l856. 165 The buildings as completed by 
Richard Shireburne the son remained as he had left 
them at his death in 1628 till nearly the close of the 
century, when Sir Nicholas Shireburne began the 
laying out of the grounds and that embellishment of 
the fabric which has given it some of its most charac- 
teristic features. The great avenue leading up to the 
west front, with the ponds or canals on either side, 
together with the gardens and summer-houses on the 
south, were in course of formation in 1 696, and some 
buildings were erected on the north side of what is 
now the kitchen court in I7oi. 166 Sir Nicholas, if 
not exactly a great builder, was lavish in his expendi- 
ture on the house and gardens, and he is said to have 
resolved to complete the mansion. The idea may 
have been abandoned soon after the death of his son 
in 1702. He did not, however, cease ' improving ' 
the house, as in 1703-4 he paved the quadrangle and 
refashioned the staircase on its east side leading to the 
great hall in a grander manner. The steps were 
adorned with lions and figures of eagles and the door- 
way at the top with his helm and crest. 167 He also 
paved the great hall with white marble, put his 
escutcheon over the fireplace, and erected the door- 
way at the south side of the quadrangle at the bottom 
of the bay window. But perhaps the most notable 
piece of his work was the erection of the tall cupolas 
on the tops of the two staircase turrets, on the east 
side of the gateway tower. These were added in 
1712. They are covered with domes of oak bricks 
and surmounted by lead eagles. 168 The gardens came 



(op. cit. 53) that this must be an error 
for 1694. Sir Nicholas' own accounts 
and those of his steward Dalton show 
that there was at Stonyhurst in Sept. 
1694 a Mr. Duddell who apparently came 
from London (Lulworth MSS.). This was 
the year that the spouts were put up in 
the quadrangle. 

160 For example, taking the gateway 
tower and the south-west wing as correct, 
both measuring about 30 ft. on the west 
front, we get the length of the wall 
between in the plan as about 45 ft. 
instead of 5 1 ft. 6 in., which is its actual 
length. 

161 There are one or two curious dis- 
crepancies. Thus the bay window at the 
south-west end of the great hall is not 
shown going up to the first floor, though 
the evidence of the building seems to 
prove that it always went up both stories 
as on the other side of the hall. The bay 
also in the middle of the south side is 
shown to the ground floor only. 



163 The present steps to the west 
entrance seem to be a later insertion. 
Sir Nicholas, when he constructed the 
ponds and gardens on the south side of 
the house, moved large masses of soil, 
which he may have used in altering the 
level of the ground on the west side. 
See Stonyhunt Mag. (1885), 59. 

163 That date, with the arms of James I, 
was formerly on the mantelpiece in the 
great hall. 

164 Cromwell is said to have described 
Stonyhurst as 'the finest half-house he 
had ever seen.' 

165 The conjecture that Thomas Holt 
of York was the 'architect' of Stony- 
hurst seems to be based on the assumption 
that Holt was also the architect of the 
schools at Oxford and of Merton and 
Wadham Colleges, and also on the state- 
ment of Gwilt (Ency. of Archil. 414) that 
he ' was the first to introduce the classical 
orders in series above each other.' Holt, 
however, was reported in the University 



of Oxford as aged forty in 1618 (see 
Diet. Nat. Biog.\ which would make him 
about twelve years old when the work at 
Stonyhurst was in progress. Apart from 
this, if Holt's claim to be the designer of 
the Oxford buildings named is disallowed, 
as it now generally is, hit claim fails also 
at Stonyhurst. 

166 The gabled building which still 
stands there bears this date in Roman 
numerals. Above one of the doorways is 
also the date 1699, but the doorway was 
brought to its present position from the 
old kennels which stood in the field to the 
north-west of the house ; Gerard, op. cit 

74- 

167 These steps remained in position till 
1856, when they were taken away. They 
are now in the college grounds. 

168 Turner, in his drawing of Stony- 
hurst, using the privilege of his imagina- 
tion and deeming them more in keeping 
with a Jesuit college, put croses in the 
place of the eagles. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



right up to the house on the south side, and were in 
the then prevalent Dutch style, with yew hedges, 
flights of stone steps, labyrinths, fountains and lead 
statues. They were entered at the south-west corner 
of the building through a great iron gate, 169 the stone 
piers of which are now in front of the west entrance. 
The ponds on the west side were enlarged to their 
present dimensions in 1 706, and ' in the centre of 
each a group of mythological figures formed foun- 
tains.' 17 The west entrance probably took its 
present form at this time, the steps being then intro- 
duced and the carriageway to the quadrangle done 
away with. The inner or middle arch, though 
replacing an older one in the same position with a 
smaller doorway on the left-hand side, bears evidence 
of later date, and is most likely Sir Nicholas's work. 171 

There were in Sir Nicholas's time, though it is not 
known when they were erected, large coach-houses to 
the north-west of the mansion, on the site of the 
present infirmary building. 172 

As left by Sir Nicholas Shireburne the house re- 
mained till its abandonment as a residence, the only 
structural alteration of importance being the facing in 
stone, already noted, of Hugh Shireburne's building 
by the Duchess of Norfolk during the time of her 
residence between 1732 and I754. 173 After the 
duchess's death the house was abandoned, the new 
owners never caring to occupy it, and during the 
forty years between 1754 and 1794 it fell into such 
a state of disrepair that there were serious thoughts of 
taking it down altogether. 174 From this fate it was 
saved by Thomas Weld's action in handing over 
the building to the Jesuit refugees from Liege in 1 794, 
and since that date the history of Stonyhurst is the 
history of the great public school which bears its 
name. 

When the Jesuit Fathers arrived at Stonyhurst they 
found the building in parts roofless and the greater 
part of it uninhabitable. They immediately set about 
putting the house in repair, but in so doing, while 
preserving the building, wrought no little damage to 
the gardens, which had suffered less than the house 
itself in the lapse of years. Trees were felled, and 
the greater number of the lead statues melted down 
to provide the new roofs. 175 The house, too, suffered 
in some degree, the long gallery being divided into 
two stories. 

The later history of the fabric resolves itself into a 
mere list of the various building operations carried 
out by the authorities of the College. In 1796 the 
great hall was turned into the refectory, in 1797 the 
old stables on the south-west of the house were con- 
verted into a church, and two years afterwards the 



building known as ' Shirk,' which still stands between 
the church and the south-east wing, was erected. 176 
The west front was completed northward by the 
erection of a plain building, since removed, in 1800, 
and in 1809-10 the old playground front on the 
south side, a plain classic building, was set up, the old 
great drawing-room and Hugh Shireburne's building 
being demolished to make space for it. 177 A new 
church was built in 1832-5 on the site of that 
previously formed out of the stables, and the 
infirmary, on the site of the old coach-houses, was 
erected in 1842-4. In 1843-4 the present north 
end of the west front took the place of the building 
erected in 1800, and in 1856 the old pre-Shireburne 
buildings on the north side of the quadrangle were 
cleared away and the quadrangle completed on that 
side, Sir Nicholas Shireburne's carved staircase being 
removed at the same time. Many internal alterations 
were effected during the middle years of the century, 
a new domestic chapel (now part of the library) 
being opened in 1857 and the Sodality chapel 178 ' 9 in 
1859. New kitchens and offices were built in 
1 86 1 -2. The present college buildings, replacing 
the old playground front, took shape between the 
years 1877 and 1889, the west wing being completed 
first in 1879, the east wing in 1881 and the middle 
block in 1883. The boys' chapel block was begun 
in 1884 and completed in 1888, and the Angels' 
chapel block, the final block of the new college 
buildings, in iSSg. 180 

It remains to describe briefly those portions of the 
Elizabethan mansion which remain. Externally the 
west front and the elevations to the quadrangles are 
substantially unchanged, but the house inside has 
been necessarily very much altered to suit it to its 
present requirements. It is of three stories and built 
throughout of stone with ashlar facing, with mullioned 
and transomed windows, straight parapets and flat 
lead roofs. The quadrangle as now completed 
measures 79 ft. 6 in. from west to east and 91 ft. 
from north to south, the former dimensions being 
the width of the original building between its west 
and east wings. The present west front is about 
195 ft. in length, with the central gateway tower 
and end wings each projecting 7 ft. 6 in. The 
length of wall between the gateway and the south- 
west wing is 5 1 ft. 6 in., but the modern northern 
end of the front is 2 ft. longer. The three projecting 
blocks each measure about 30 ft. on the face. The 
elevation, as already stated, is one of much merit, 
combining picturesqueness and dignity, the large wall 
spaces between the windows helping materially to 
set off" the architectural features of the gateway tower. 



189 The 'ieran gates' cost 190 and 
were made at Winslow, Bucks. ' For the 
two flower-pots, festoons, and cornishes at 
the ieran gates, ,35.' 

170 Ibid. 70. The water for the foun- 
tains was brought from Longridge Fell 
through wooden pipes. The gardens are 
said to have been designed by Beaumont, 
who was once in the employ of James II, 
and who was responsible for the gardens 
at Levcns Hall and a portion of those in 
Hampton Court ; Gillow, Haydock Papers, 
$! 

171 Stonyhurst Mag. (1885), 35. 
174 Gerard, op. cit. 74. 

173 This part of the house then became 
known as the Duchess's Rooms. 



174 Rev. Joseph Keating, Stonyhurst 
(1909), 14. 

175 Father Chas. Wright, the procura- 
tor, who was in charge of the reparations, 
is described as having been ' not a man of 
artistic or aesthetic taste." He laid hands 
on any materials he could and when 
remonstrated with replied, ' Stuff and 
nonsense ! I want the money ' ; Gruggen 
and Keating, ibid., 54. 

176 The building is described as ' an 
extremely ugly but very useful piece of 
debased Renaissance ' ; Keating, ibid. 
(1909), 14. It was called Shirk, 'as the 
ordinary residence of veteran Fathers past 
work ' ; Gruggen and Keating, op. cit. 61. 

177 Parts of the walls of the old south- 

10 



east wing (demolished in 1808) were, 
however, utilized in the new building. 

178 ' 9 Designed by Chas. E. Buckler. It is 
on the fi rst floor and measures 6 1 ft. by 1 9 ft. 

180 The old south front of 1809-10 
was 300 ft. in length, the centre and two 
wings being each looft. The new front 
measures 560 ft. in a straight line, the 
end wings projecting each 100 ft., forming 
a courtyard open on the south side. The 
middle block is 280 ft. long and each 
wing 140 ft. The style of the building 
is modelled on that of the Elizabethan 
mansion, with two towers with cupolas 
each 100 ft. high, in the middle block. 
The architects were Messrs. Dunn & 
Hansom of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 




a 

u 
X 

h 



o 

CO 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



The tower is of four stories, divided by entablatures 
and with a round-headed archway flanked by coupled 
Doric columns on the ground floors, and a mullioned 
and transomed window of four lights on each of the 
floors above flanked by coupled columns of the Ionic, 
Corinthian and composite orders, the whole crowned 
by an embattled parapet. The detail is refined 
and ornament sparingly used ; the columns are set 
well back from the angle and are fluted. On the 
ground floor stage there is a middle string linable 
with the impost moulding of the arch and with the 
hood moulds of the windows on either side, and the 
spandrels of the arch are occupied by circular 
medallions containing heads. There is no keystone 
to the arch, but over the cornice is set the escutcheon 
of Sir Nicholas Shireburne with helm, crest, mantling 
and motto, the arms being those of Shireburne 
quartering Bailey. The entrance to the quadrangle 
is by a passage-way 18 ft. 3 in. wide, with an inner 
or middle doorway, and doors on either side leading 
to the house. The inner archway to the quadrangle 
is flanked by octagonal staircase turrets rising above 
the lines of the parapet and crowned with the tall 
17th-century cupolas erected by Sir Nicholas Shire- 
burne. From whatever point of view the building is 
seen these cupolas now form its most distinctive 
feature, and though differing in style from the early 
work harmonize very well with it and materially help 
the composition by giving it height. The first-floor 
windows throughout both to the west and former 
south fronts and to the quadrangle, with the excep- 
tion of those to the great hall, are tall openings 
divided by double transoms and of three or more 
lights, those of the ground and second floors being 
low and without transoms. All the windows have 
hood moulds. 

The west wall of the south-west wing was originally 
unpierced its full height, and was sometimes known 
as the Blind Tower. The effect of this externally 
on the west elevation was unusual, but some time in 
the 1 8th century the present 14th-century pointed 
window, which was brought from the ruins of 
Bailey chapel in the neighbourhood, was inserted. 
The four upper windows above were inserted in 
modern times, the upper pair in 1888. 

To the quadrangle the old elevations are somewhat 
similar in character to those already described. The 
removal of the curved steps on the east side has 
deprived the courtyard of one of its most distinctive 
features, but the view from the entrance towards the 
south-east corner, embracing the great bay of the 
hall and the smaller and more elegant one to the 
long gallery, is one of much picturesqueness. Both 
bays go up the full height of the house, but that to 
the long gallery appears to be of later date and 
probably belongs to the early years of the 1 7th 
century. It is very refined in detail, with pilasters 
at the angles, and is further distinguished from the 
rest of the buildings round the quadrangle by the 
still later pedimented doorway inserted by Sir 
Nicholas Shireburne and bearing his cypher. There 
are four built-up doorways on the south side of the 
quadrangle and a fifth, different in character and 
referred to later, in the south-west corner. The 



lead down pipes were set up by Sir Nicholas in 1 694 
and bear his cypher together with the eagle's and 
unicorn's head crests, and various shields of arms on 
the ears. 

The location of the chief apartments has already 
been mentioned. The great hall was 60 ft. long by 
27 ft. in breadth and 19 ft. 6 in. high. It was ex- 
tended northwards in 1856-7 to its present length of 
90 ft., but the other dimensions remain unaltered. 
It is lit by a range of mullioned windows with single 
transom on the west side towards the quadrangle and 
by a bay window I 5 ft. 6 in. wide by 1 2 ft. 6 in. 
deep on either side of the dais at the south end. 
There were originally windows on the east side to the 
north of the fireplace, the mullions of which may be 
seen in the store rooms above the kitchens. The old 
fireplace opening, 1 1 ft. 6 in. wide, still remains in 
the east side, but is now used as an alcove, from which 
access is gained to the pantry. Above the segmental 
arch is the escutcheon of Sir Nicholas Shireburne carved 
in white marble, with helm, crest, mantling and motto, 
and bearing the date 1699. The minstrels' gallery 
at the north end has already been referred to as being 
constructed from timber taken from the demolished 
building of Hugh Shireburne. The royal arms of 
James I are now placed above it, and underneath is 
preserved an oak table on which, according to tradi- 
tion, Cromwell slept on the occasion of his visit to 
Stonyhurst in 1648. The present white marble pave- 
ment replaced that of Sir Nicholas Shireburne in 1 862. 
The heraldic stained glass which originally filled 
the windows, being much damaged, is said to have 
been removed in college times with a view to repair, 
and to have been put away and lost. 181 The bay 
windows are now filled with the coats of arms of past 
students. 

The long gallery is 88 ft. long by 1 8 ft. wide and 
19 ft. high, and was originally lit by windows on both 
sides. Those on the south are now blocked by the 
later college buildings, the room which is used as a 
picture gallery and museum being lit only from the 
quadrangle and the west end. At the east end the 
gallery originally opened into the great drawing-room, 
which occupied the destroyed south-east wing, and 
was an apartment 46 ft. long from north to south and 
24 ft. 6 in. in width, with a large bay window to the 
south-east. A door on its north side communicated 
with the dais of the great hall. The chimney-piece 
is described as having been ' a large handsome struc- 
ture in stucco with the arms of Shireburne and Bailey 
quarterly in the centre and the motto " Quant je 
puis," and on either side the same arms impaling 
Stourton on one side and Kighley on the other, the 
two wives of Richard Shireburne, Sir Richard's son and 
successor.' 182 The fireplace was dated 1596. 

There remains the room in the south-west tower 
now known as the Bailey room, but probably originally 
the chapel. This room presents, several interesting 
problems and shows architectural features different 
from those in any other part of the building. 183 As 
shown on the plan of 1 694 the room measures 5 5 ft. 
in length from north to south, with a breadth at the 
north end of 21 ft. and 29 ft. at the south within the 
1 wing ' proper. It was lit by a pointed window of 



181 Cent. Rec. 54. 

182 Ibid. 53. 

1;>s Father Beauclerk has discussed very 



fully the problem of the ' Blind Tower ' accepted, are worthy of attention and 
in the Stonyhurst Mag. for 1885, pp. 92-99. consideration. 
His conclusions, without necessarily being 

II 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



five lights and late Perpendicular tracery at the south 
end, and by a smaller pointed window of three lights 
at the south end of the east wall. 184 The northern 
end of the room is lit by two of the ordinary square- 
headed mullioned windows on the west front. There 
was a door at the north-east corner leading to the 
quadrangle, and another near the south end of the 
east wall leading to a small room 12 ft. by 9 ft. with 
a vice in its eastern side giving access to a smaller 
room above. Apart from the ' ecclesiastical ' appear- 
ance of the two pointed windows, 185 the arrangement 
and peculiar features of the room certainly suggest 
that this was originally meant to be a chapel, though 
there are certain difficulties to be faced in accepting 
the conclusion, more especially Sir Richard's reason for 
constructing a chapel of such importance at this time. 1 * 6 
The southern part of the room, that contained in the 
south-west wing proper, goes up two stories and was 
34 ft. 6 in. in height. The northern end is of one 
story only 1 1 ft. high, the floor of the long gallery 
being continued over it to the west front. The two 
parts are divided by a lofty pointed arch, which still 
remains, though built up and partly hidden, which 
carried the south wall of the long gallery forward to 
the west. This arch is of two chamfered orders, dying 
into the wall at the springing, 3 ft. thick and 29 ft. 6 in. 
in height, the span being the full width of the north 
end of the room. The upper part of the arch, there- 
fore, opened into the west end of the long gallery. 
Assuming this to have been the chapel, with the altar 
below the window at the south end, we have the 
somewhat unusual arrangement of part of the long 
gallery itself being used as a tribune or gallery for the 
family during service, while the servants would occupy 
the floor below, entering from the door in the court- 
yard. The arch shows no sign of there ever having 
been a screen, but the stones cease to be smoothly 
faced at a point 3 ft. from the floor of the long gallery, 
suggesting that there was originally a balcony or gallery 
front of some sort in that position. 187 The small room 
on the east side would be the sacristy, from which the 
vice gave access directly to the long gallery itself, and 
from there by a second doorway to the small chamber 
over. From the sacristy there was an opening 4 ft. 
long by 3 ft. high divided by mullions, which from 
the slant of its jambs seems to suggest it was so built 
as to afford a direct view of the altar. There is also an 
opening from the chamber above. To the north of 
the ' chapel,' and between it and the gateway tower, 
was a room 21 ft. 6 in. by 21 ft., which has been 
termed the ' priests' room,' but with what evidence 
to support it is not very apparent. The plan of 1 694 
does not show any communication between the two 
rooms. The ' chapel ' is now divided into two rooms 
below the arch, the so-called sanctuary ' now forming 
what is known as the Bailey room, and internally, 



except for the pointed windows, shows no architectural 
features of interest. 

The formation of the boys' playground in front oi 
the new college buildings on its south side has 
necessarily meant the loss of a large part of the 
17th-century gardens. The playground itself, which 
measures 580 ft. by 300 ft., was lowered from the 
level of the garden terrace before the new buildings 
were begun. 188 Such parts of the old gardens as are 
left retain all the original charm of clipped yew 
hedges and well-ordered design. The two pavilions 
erected by Sir Nicholas Shireburne are exceedingly 
good examples of the garden architecture of the time. 
They are built of stone, and measure 17 ft. square 
outside with walls 2 ft. thick, and square-headed 
barred sash windows. The roofs form a graceful 
curve rising from a strongly-marked cornice, and are 
surmounted by gilded eagles in Portland stone. Of 
the leaden statues which formerly adorned the grounds 
only three remain, one of which, supposed to repre- 
sent Regulus under torture by the Carthaginians, 
now occupies the centre of the ' Observatory ' pond. 

The school was a great institution, formed by a 
distinguished history of two centuries, when it settled 
here, and, speedily recovering from its temporary mis- 
adventures, has added to its fame continually. 189 New 
buildings have consequently been required, and have 
been added from time to time ; the latest block, 
as above stated, was added piecemeal from 1877 to 
1889. The library is richly stored, 190 its nucleus 
consisting of books brought over from Liege, which 
include a manuscript of St. John's Gospel found in 
St. Cuthbert's tomb in 1105, and not improbably 
transcribed by the saint himself 191 ; also a printed 
book of Hours, supposed to have belonged to Mary 
Queen of Scots. The tenth Lord Arundell of 
Wardour, an 'old boy,' in 1834 ^ his library to 
the college, 192 and Dr. John Vertue, Bishop of Ports- 
mouth (d. 1 900), gave it a collection of early printed 
books. The buildings contain a. large collection of 
paintings, old prints, medals, stuffed animals and 
miscellaneous curiosities. 

The Observatory, in the gardens, was begun in 
1838 ; a telescope was mounted in 1845, and in the 
same year the series of meteorological observations 
was begun. An underground chamber for magnetic 
observations was added in 1866. In 1865 a new 
room had been built for the larger telescope then 
mounted, and the station acquired some fame through 
the solar observations of Fr. Stephen Perry, who had 
charge of the place from 1868 to 1889. 

In addition to the college buildings proper, which 
include the Jesuit community house, there are a school 
for junior boys at Hodder House, some distance away, 
and a seminary called St. Mary's Hall, devoted to philo- 
sophical studies of members of the Society of Jesus. 193 



181 It must be remembered that the 
expressions south,' east,' &c., are here 
approximate, following the usual custom 
of calling the south-west front ' west.' 

185 The window now in the west wall 
is of course, as already mentioned, a later 
insertion, brought from elsewhere. 

186 Beauclerk, Stonyhurst Mag. (1885), 
94- 

187 Ibid. 97. 

88 Keating, Stonyhurtt (1909), 51. 
189 For history and description see Foley, 
Rec. S. J. vii, p. xxxvi, &c. ; Baines, 
Lanes. Dir. 1825, ii, 560; P. Fitzgerald, 



Saxonhurst (illustrating the school life 
about 1850), and Stonyhurst Memories 
(1895); A. Hewitson, Stonyhurst ; A. 
Rimmer, Stonyhurst Illut. ; J. Gerard, 
Stonyhurst Coll., 1894; G. Gruggen and 
J. Keating, Stonyhurst : its Past History and 
Life in the Present, 1901. Books of views 
have been issued. The Stonyhurst Mag., 
begun in May 1881, contains not only 
news of the school, but many articles 
upon the history and condition of the 
district ; e.g. a description of the fishery 
rights, with map ; i, 177. 

190 The collections are described in 

12 



Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. ii, 143 ; iii, 334 ; 
viii, App. i ; x, App. iv. 

191 It was owned by Thomas Allen of 
Oxford about 1620 ; N. and Q. (Ser. 6), 
vi, 486. 

192 His collection includes one volume 
of an early i Jth-century MS. of Froissart ; 
the other volume is in the B.M. 

193 The paragraphs as to present-day 
Stonyhurst are derived from a notice pre- 
pared for the British Association visit in 
1903. Fuller accounts will be found in 
Fr. Gerard's Stonyhurst Coll., frequently 
quoted in these notes. 




MITTON : STONYHURST GATEWAY TOWKR 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



The following is a list of the rectors, who have 
since 1841 been lords of the manor also: 1794, 
Marmaduke Stone; 1808, Nicholas Sewall ; 1813, 
John Weld (son of the donor of the site) ; 1 8 1 6, 
N. Sewall (2) ; 1817, Charles Plowden ; 1819, Joseph 
Tristram; 1827, Richard Norris ; 1832, Richard 
Parker; 1836, James Brownbill ; 1839, Francis 
Daniel; 1841, Andrew Barrow ; 1845, R. Norris (2) ; 
1 846, Henry Walmesley ; 1 847, Richard Sumner ; 
1848, Francis dough; 1861, Joseph Johnson; 
1868, Charles Henry; 1869, Edward Purbrick ; 
1 879, William Eyre ; 1885, Reginald Colley ; 1891, 
Herman Walmesley; 1898, Joseph Browne; 1906, 
Pedro Gordon ; 1907, William Bodkin. 194 

WINKLET was part of the Hospitallers' estate in 
Aighton and Bailey, which was treated as part of their 
manor of Stidd. 195 There appear to have been 
several families surnamed Winkley. Adam son of 
Alexander de Winkley gave lands in Aighton to the 
Knights of St. John, 196 and Robert de Manneby, 
prior of the order in England, gave to Adam son of 
Richard de Winkley all the land they had of the 
gift of Adam de Winkley and others, 197 and the re- 
mainder of their land in Winkley they gave to Robert 
son of John de Winkley ; each of the grantees was 
bound to render zs. a year and the third part of their 
chattels at death. 198 These estates appear to have 
been consolidated later, a rent of 4*. being paid. 

The descent can be traced only with uncertainty. 
In 1246 Ralph son of Robert de Mitton sued John 
de Winkley and his son Robert for 10 acres in 
Aighton which they had had from Simon de Green- 
hurst, 199 and a Richard de Winkley complained that 
a roadway had been interfered with by Richard de 
Daniscoles, Osbert his son and others. 200 Robert de 
Winkley was living in 1278, holding land in Aighton 
which was claimed by Ralph de Mitton, 201 and 



possibly it was the same Robert who appears in 
I292. 202 Richard son of Robert de Winkley and 
Amery widow of William de Winkley were concerned 
in other pleas of the same year 203 ; but Robert was 
dead in 1294, when his widow Cecily and his sons 
Adam, Richard and Henry were accused of having 
disseised Nicholas son of William of messuages, land 
and rent in Aighton. Nicholas, a minor, alleged 
that his father was Robert's eldest son, but it was 
found that the plaintiff was born out of wedlock. 204 

Adam de Winkley was in 1318 pardoned for his 
adhesion to Thomas Earl of Lancaster. 205 John de 
Winkley in 1321 granted all his manor of Pleasington 
and his lands in Aighton to Adam his son and heir 
on marriage with Maud daughter of Gilbert de 
Scarisbrick. 206 Two years later Adam son of John 
de Winkley and Maud his wife exchanged a messuage, 
&c., in Winkley with John son of Walter de Bailey. 207 
In 1332 Adam headed the subsidy list in Aighton. 208 
John son of Adam de Winkley gave land at Stonyhurst 
to John de Bailey for life in I352, 209 and in 1354, 
in conjunction with his son Adam, he had to defend 
his title to land in Aighton claimed by his brother 
or half-brother Adam, son of Adam de Winkley the 
elder by Margery, then deceased. 210 Isabel widow of 
John in 1371 granted her son Adam the third part 
of lands and mill in Aighton. 211 

Adam de Winkley seems to have been a minor in 
1371 but of full age in I373- 212 As Adam son of 
John son of Adam de Winkley he was party to an 
exchange of lands in I376. 213 He may have been 
the same Adam whose widow Margery in 1436 
released her lands in Aighton to John the son and 
heir of Adam. 214 In the next year John Winkley 
granted lands to his son Thomas, who married 
Margaret daughter of Henry Holden of Bowland. 215 
John died in or before I443, 216 and in 1447 Thomas 



194 Taken from Stonyhurtt Chronology. 

195 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. 
A list of the tenants in 1609 has been 
preserved by Kuerden (MSS. ii, foL 1 326). 
It includes in Aighton Thomas Winkley 
paying 41., Edward Loude 6d. ; in 
Chaigley, Richard Aughton I2< ; in 
various places, Richard Shireburne, pay- 
ing in. 6d. in all, of which sum 6d, was 
for a moiety of Bailey Hall. 

196 Winkley Family (1863), by William 
Winkley, jun., quoting ' title deeds of 
Mr. Weld, 1861.' Ellis son of Alexander 
de Winkley, probably Adam's brother, has 
been mentioned in the text (at Stony- 
hurst) as living before 1209; Adam de 
Winkley and John his son are named in the 
charter to Ellis. Robert de Mitton early 
in the I3th century gave lands to John 
and to Adam sons of Adam de Winkley, 
viz. to the former all the land of Haracks 
(Horrocks) at a rent of izd., the rent 
paid in later times for Woodnelds ; and 
to the latter land adjoining, Bradhurst 
and its brook occurring in each charter, 
and Ackhurst clough being named ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 672, 654. 
Geoffrey Dean of Whalley and Robert his 
son attested the former charter ; Ralph 
rector of Mitton and Jordan his son the 
latter. 

Eva daughter of Ralph de Aighton 
released to Richard son of Adam de 
Winkley all her claim in half an oxgang 
of land which Ellis son of Alexander had 
formerly held ; ibid. no. 651. Among 
the witnesses were Jordan son of Ralph 
the rector and Nicholas his brother. This 



release was probably the close of a long- 
standing dispute, for as early as 1231 Eva 
daughter of Ralph de Aighton made claims 
against Adam de Winkley and others ; 
Cal. Pat. 1225-32, pp. 446, 522. 

197 DD, no. 656. The bounds began 
at the head of Radwell ford, followed the 
thread of Ribble as far as the middle of 
Longnat, and by various lines to the 
starting-point. Land called Thuwes and 
Morton brook are named. 

Robert de Manneby was prior in 1251 
and 1262 ; Dugdale, Man. Angl. vi, 799. 

19 DD, no. 655. The bounds began 
at Horrockford and went down the 
Hodder and Ribble to Longnat, across the 
meadow to Blakeayke and the lower head 
of Hesceteley, then by the carr and 
Simonscroft to Hamelin's land and Raven 
ridding as far as the Stony way ; by this 
to the Hodder. 

199 Assize R. 404, m. 5 d. John de 
Winkley (perhaps the son of Adam) gave 
lands to his son Robert, the mill on the 
Hodder being mentioned ; DD, no. 671. 

200 Assize R. 404, m. 5 d. Other 
Winkleys are named ibid. m. 2, n, 1 1 d., 
14. The name has many spellings 
Winkedelega, Wynkydele, &c. Winckley 
was the usual form of the surname in 
the 1 7th century. 

201 Assize R. 1238, m. 35 ; also De 
Banco R. 31, m. 93. 

202 Assize R. 408, m. 32, 94. 

203 Ibid. m. 6, 32d. Richard son of 
Adam de Winkley is also named ; ibid, 
m. 77 d. 

204 Assize R. 1299, m. 14 ; Adam had 

13 



been in the service of Robert de la Garde 
at Warwick. William's widow was named 
Amery. She was plaintiff in 1304 (De 
Banco R. 149, m. 63 d.), and against the 
widow and daughter of Henry de Winkley 
in 13115 ibid. 189, m. 9 d. In 1321 
Margaret widow of another William de 
Winkley and of Robert Atte Hall claimed 
a messuage, &c., against Margaret widow 
of Adam Banastre ; ibid. 240, m. 20. 
805 Cal. Pat. 1317-21, p. 230. 

206 DD, no. 649, 663. Though Adam 
was heir of John de Winkley, another 
son John succeeded to Pleasington (see 
the account of that manor), and in I 344 
there was some disputing between the 
brothers ; Assize R. 1435, m. 34. 

207 DD, no. 644. Adam son of John 
de Winkley was defendant in a Great 
Mearley claim in 1331 ; Assize R. 1404, 
m. 1 8. 

208 Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), 79. 

209 DD, no. 648. In the same year 
John de Winkley was defendant in a 
Great Mearley claim ; Duchy of Lane. 
Assize R. i, m. iij ; 2, m. vj. 

210 De Banco R. 3 8 1 , m. 1 1 o d. ; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. 3, m. ij. William de 
Boston, vicar of Mitton, was called to 
warrant. 2n DD, no. 658. 

212 Cf. De Banco. R. 444, m. 9 d.; 450, 
m. 214. 

218 DD, no. 670. 2U Ibid. no. 662. 

815 Ibid. no. 660-1. 

216 Ibid. no. 673 ; his widow Joan 
agreed with her son as to dower, Margery, 
widow of Adam, being still alive. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 




WINKLEY of Wink- 
ley. Per pale argent 
and gules an eagle dis- 
played counterchangcd. 



his son and heir made a feoffment of all his lands and 

the reversion of those held by his mother Joan. 217 

Thomas Winkley was still living in 1479, when he 

allowed Richard Catterall to 

make an attachment (perhaps 

for a mill stream) over his 

land to the water of Kibble 

near its junction with the 

Hodder 218 ; but his son and 

heir Geoffrey had in 1463 

married Isabel daughter of 

Alice and Alexander Nowel, 219 

and was living some time 

later, when he demised land 

called Horrockfields. 220 

Next appears Roger Wink- 
ley, with Margaret his wife, 
in I5o8. 221 He lived on till 
1556, when by his will he 

left his ' capital or manor house called Winkley 
Hall ' to his then wife Jane for her life. 222 His 
son Anthony had in 1546 demised Woodfields in 
Aighton to his brother Roger. 223 Anthony died 
in 1566 seised of the capital messuage called Winkley 
Hall in Aighton and 30 acres of land, held of the 
queen as of the late monastery of St. John of Jeru- 
salem in England by a rent of 4^. for all services ; 
also half an oxgang of land and a messuage called 
Woodfields, held of Sir Richard Shireburne by the 
fortieth part of a knight's fee and \d. rent and by 
\^d. rent respectively. Nicholas Winkley the son 
and heir was forty years of age. 224 A pedigree was 
recorded in l6l3, 225 but the main line of the family 
was extinct by 1 664. 226 Roger Winkley, son of Thomas 
son of Nicholas, seems to have succeeded to the estates 
before 1615, when Toby Archbishop of York gave him 
licence to construct a pew in Mitton Church adjoining 
the old quire of Richard Shireburne. 227 William 
Winkley of Winkley, occurring 1641 to 1 65 2, appears 
to have been the last of the name in possession. 228 



Winkley was held in 1696 by Sarah widow of 
Thomas Lacy, and she sold it to Sir Nicholas Shire- 
burne. 229 It descended like Stonyhurst until 1828, 
when Thomas Weld sold it to James Wilkinson. 
Farms called Jumbles and Boat-house, parts perhaps 
of the original Winkley, had become included in the 
Walmsley of Dunkenhalgh estate and were in 1827 
sold by George Petre to the same James Wilkinson. 
His daughter married a Macdonnell, and her son 
James in 1879 sold the estate to Mr. William 
Walmsley Simpson, the present owner. 230 

Winkley Hall, now a farm-house, stands in a low 
situation on the right bank of the Hodder im- 
mediately above its junction with the Ribble, but 
is a house of no architectural interest, having been 
entirely modernized and altered from its original 
appearance. It is a two-story stone building with 
thick walls facing east to the river, but its only ancient 
features are two windows of 1 7th-century date at the 
back, of five and three lights respectively with tran- 
soms and hood moulds, and a low one of the same 
date in the northern end gable. 

CRAWSHAW in Aighton was part of the estate of 
the Clitheroes of Bailey. 231 It was in the I7th 
century tenanted by Richard Holden, younger brother 
of John Holden of Chaigley, probably the recusant of 
that name who had his lands sequestered by the 
Commonwealth ; on his death in 1652 the trustees 
for his infant children desired a discharge. 232 The 
place comes into note through an outrage illustrative 
of those days. A priest was beheaded at Chapel House 
Farm in Chaigley whilst in the act of saying mass 
there. The head was thrown over the fence into an 
adjoining field and Mrs. Holden of Crawshaw 
gathered it into her apron and took it into her house, 
and secured also the objects in the chapel at the time 
missal, altar cloth, vestments, candles, &c. and they 
have been preserved as relics by the family. 233 

Morton, an early place-name, seems to have been 
in Aighton. 234 A local family used Aighton itself as 



817 Towneley MS. DD, no. 653. 

818 Ibid. no. 650. 219 Ibid. no. 763. 

220 Ibid. no. 665. 

221 Ibid. no. 674, 647. In the re- 
corded pedigree Roger is said to have 
been a son of Thomas. 

222 Winkley Family. The will was 
proved in 1557. 

233 DD, no. 669. 

M4 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 28. 
A settlement of the manor of Winkley 
with various messuages and lands, a 
water-mill and a free fishery in the Hodder 
and Ribble was made by Nicholas Winkley 
in 1567 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 29, 
m. 12. Only a year later a similar settle- 
ment was made by Thomas Winkley the 
younger (son of Nicholas, according to the 
pedigree), with remainders to his uncles 
Henry and Thomas ; ibid. bdle. 30, 
m. 146. Another was made in 1586, the 
deforciants being Thomas Winkley, Cecily 
his wife, Henry Winkley, Jane his wife, 
and Nicholas son and heir of Henry ; 
ibid. bdle. 48, m. 114. 

In 1589 Anthony Isherwood of Chaig- 
ley and Anne his wife, a daughter of 
Nicholas Winkley, complained that the 
legacy due to her was withheld by Henry 
Winkley and other feoffees ; Duchy of 
Lane. Plead. Eliz., cl., I i. 

The will of Henry Winkley (of Wood- 
fields), dated 1589 and proved 1590, is 
printed in Win^ley Family, no. 3. 



225 Visit, of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 38; 
deeds are referred to in the margin. Roger 
Winkley, the son and heir of Thomas, 
was thirty-eight years old. 

226 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 334. 

227 Winkley Family. 

2S He was a creditor of Gabriel Hes- 
keth of Goosnargh ; Royalist Comp. Papers 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), iii, 188. 
According to a pedigree in the Shireburne 
Abstract Bk., Roger Winkley, living in 
1649, had a granddaughter Martha 
(daughter of his son Roger) and a nephew 
William Winkley of Billington, no doubt 
the William named in the text. 

329 Shireburne Abstract Bk. ; the brief 
details given do not show how she came 
to own it. She had a son John Mitchell 
by another husband, and Thomas Lacy 
had a son Roger. 

230 Information of Mr. Simpson and 
his solicitor, Mr. S. Sandeman. 

Myles Macdonnell occurs (either as 
purchaser or trustee) in 1836, while in 
1843 Miss Wilkinson was the daughter 
and representative of James ; End. Char. 
Rep. Her children in 1875 were James 
Macdonnell and Mary Jane Nelson, 
widow. 

231 Robert de Clitheroe, clerk, granted 
a pasture called Crawshaw in Bailey to 
Richard son of Henry de Clitheroe and 
John his son ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

832 Royalist Comp. Papers iii, 236. George 



Holden, killed at Usk, when in the king's 
service in the war, is supposed to have 
been of this family ; Gillow, Bibl. Diet, of 
Engl. Cath. iii, 330, 340. Richard 
Holden, a descendant, registered an estate 
in 1717 as a 'Papist'; Estcourt and 
Payne, op. cit. 102. 

2SS Pal. Notc-bk. ii, 127 ; from family 
traditions. It is not known who the 
priest was. The relics were kept with 
great secrecy at Crawshaw until the 
establishment of the Jesuits at Stonyhurst, 
when they began to be shown. They 
were in 1887 in possession of the Holdens 
of Hill House in Woodplumpton, and an 
elaborate description is printed in the 
Stonyhurst Mag. of that year (Nov.). A 
stained altar-cloth has the initials E H 
(or P H) embroidered on it. One of the 
chasubles is inscribed : ' Orate pro ani- 
mabus Oliveri Wastlei et Ellene uxoris 
ejus.' The missal (1570) once belonged 
to Dr. Henry Holden ; it bears the 
words : ' Dieses geh5rt unserm Marter 
und unserm lieben Pfilp.' The Wastleys 
appear to have been a Chorley family. 

234 Almarica daughter of Siward de 
Morton complained in 1276 of disseisin 
of her free tenement in Morton and 
Aighton by Godith de Riddings and 
others ; Assize R. 405, m. 4 ; 1238, 
m. 31 d. ; De Banco R. 27, m. 26 d. As 
heir of her aunt Sibyl daughter of Gamel 
de Morton she in 1284 claimed 2 acres in 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



a surname. 235 The Reads v/cre long connected with 
this part of the township. 236 

CH4IGLEr\vas originally included in the manor 
of Aighton, the lords of the latter holding it. 237 
Thus in 1347 Roger son of John de Mitton claimed 
five messuages, &c., in Chaigley against Sir John de 
Harrington, Katherine his wife, Sir Thomas deArderne, 
Agnes widow of Sir Robert de Horncliff, Robert 
son of Robert de Shireburne, Robert de Morley and 
Hugh de Bradford. It appeared that Margaret 
Banastre was formerly in possession and that her four 
daughters had succeeded, viz. Katherine, Alice, Agnes 
and Joan ; also that one Thomas Talbot had held a 
moiety of the property in dispute, but had died. 
The estate included rents of two pairs of white gloves 
and two barbed arrows. 238 

The principal family was that of Holden, 239 and 
their estate was regarded as a manor. Amabel widow 
of Jordan de Mitton granted lands in Aighton to her 
daughter Cecily, the rent being a pair of white 
gloves and the bounds extending to Longridge on 
the west. 240 John son of Jordan de Mitton con- 
firmed to the said Cecily his sister the lands of his 
mother's gift, they being described as in Chaigley in 
Aighton. 241 Cecily married Henry de Holden, 242 
but the descent cannot be clearly traced. The above 
Roger de Mitton in 1347 claimed various messuages 
and lands in Aighton against Henry de Blackburn, 
Mary his wife, Ralph de Holden and John his son. 243 
In 1 365 the feoffees granted certain lands to Ralph de 
Holden and Maud his daughter, with remainder to 
John his son, 244 while John soon afterwards released 
to his father and sister lands in Bailey near the 
Daniscoles. 245 

Elizabeth daughter of John de Holden and heir of 
her brother, another John, occurs in 1379 anc ^ as 



widow in 1393; she afterwards married a Richard de 
Holden, by whom she had sons John, Henry and 
Geoffrey and three daughters, settlements being made 
in 1405 and I4zo. 246 Richard Holden of Witton 
in 1445 released to John Holden all right to lands 
in Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley formerly owned by 
Ralph de Holden and Maud his daughter. 247 John 
Holden the elder 248 occurs in various deeds from 
1468 to 1491 ; in the latter year he set apart lands 
for the use of Elizabeth daughter of Lawrence 
Asshaw, who was to marry Thomas son and heir of 
John Holden the younger. 249 

Thomas's heir in 1514 was his brother John, 
rector of St. Mary's, Cricklade, who granted lands to 
his brother and heir Ralph husband of Elizabeth 
daughter of Richard Hancock. 250 Ralph in 1522-3 
made a settlement on his son John's marriage with 
Alice daughter of Thomas Grimshaw, 251 and Ralph 
and his son John occur again as late as 1557, when 
they granted an annuity of 2O/. to Henry and 
William, other sons of Ralph. 252 John Holden 
succeeded soon afterwards, selling land in Aighton 
and Bailey to Sir Richard Shireburne in I56o 253 and 
in the next year arranging for the marriage of his son 
Richard. 254 

Richard Holden, Jane his then wife and Richard 
his son and heir in 1596 agreed to the levying 
of a fine of certain lands in Aighton, Bailey and 
Chaigley 255 ; Richard Holden was a freeholder in 
l6oo. 256 John Holden of Chaigley, son and heir of 
Richard and Isabel his wife, in 1623 sold Clough 
House alias Grubbe Hall in Grindleton to Richard 
Shireburne of Stonyhurst. 257 John died in 1637 
holding a capital messuage in Chaigley and other 
lands, &c., of the heirs of Amabel de Mitton in 
socage by the rent of a pair of white gloves. Mary 



Aighton against William son of William 
atte Hall, and he called Ralph de Morton 
to warrant him ; Assize R. 1265, m. 4 d. 
She afterwards married Robert de Spend- 
low of Morton, and they were engaged in 
various suits in 1292 ; Assize R. 408, 
m. 21 d., 32 d. From one it appears 
that her brother was Jordan de Aighton ; 
ibid. m. 67. 

236 Ralph son of Nicholas de Aighton 
was plaintiff in 1253 ; Cur. Reg. R. 148, 
m. 44. Maud the widow and Thomas 
the ion of Ellis de Aighton claimed dower 
and land in Aighton in 1274 against Ralph 
de Mitton; Assize R. 1341, m. 6 d., 5. 
John son of Alan de Aighton summoned 
Ralph de Mitton to warrant a charter in 
1292 ; Assize R. 408, m. 32 d. 

236 In 1292 John de Read of Aighton 
claimed common of pasture against Henry 
son of Robert del Ash, but it was shown 
that Margery widow of Ralph de Mitton 
held part in dower, and plaintiff was non- 
suited ; Assize R. 408, m. 35 d. 

Robert Read died in 1610 holding 
lands in Aighton and Bailey of Richard 
Shireburne by a rent of 41. ; Lanes. Inq, 
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 176. 
His son and heir Richard, then aged 
twelve, died in 1638, leaving a son Robert, 
sixteen years old, to inherit ; Towneley 
MS. C8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1000. 

237 Ralph de Mitton in 1246 had 
20 acres in Chaigley, claimed by Jordan 
ton of Ralph ; Assize R. 404, m. 5 d. 
After 1290 Ralph son of John de Mitton 
confirmed to Thomas le Sureys (Southron) 
various lands in Chaigley for life ; Dods. 



MSS. xci, fol. 161. Henry de Holden 
was a witness. 

Robert de Shireburne, Robert de Horn- 
cliff, John de Harrington the younger 
and Thomas de Arderne were plaintiffs 
against various persons in 1331, a house 
in Chaigley having been broken into ; 
De Banco R. 286, m. 159. 

138 Assize R. 1435, m. 18. 

139 A collection of Holden deeds is 
preserved in Towneley MS. C 8, 1 3 (Chet. 
Lib.), 562-78. Some of the family deeds 
are in the possession of Mr. Fitzherbert- 
Brockholes of Claughton. 

140 Ibid. 875. The land of William 
Loud ' is named. 

841 Ibid. ; Robert and Adam de Holden 
were witnesses. Amabel was living in 
1284 and 1291 ; Assize R. 1268, m. 12. 

242 De Banco R. 91, m. 34 d. ; 92, m. 
67. * Ibid. R. 351, m. 23d. 

*C8, 13, p. 573- 

2 Ibid. 563. 

246 Ibid. 563-6. Geoffrey, bastard son 
of the younger John, is named. The 
1420 deed names ' Loud's lands,' Green- 
gore in Bailey and Harrelegh in Aighton. 
Some Loud family deeds may be seen 
ibid. 798 and Add. MS. 32106, no. 1190. 

Elizabeth's husband may have been the 
Richard son of Richard de Holden who 
made a feoffment of his lands in 1383 ; 
C 8, 13, p. 562. Adam son of Randle 
de Bailey in 1412 gave to trustees lands 
which he had had of the feoffment of 
John son of John son of Randle (Ralph) 
de Holden ; ibid. 144. 

w Ibid. 566. John Holden of Aigh- 

15 



ton occurs in 1443 and 1465 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 5, m. 6b ; 27, m. 22. 

848 In 1468 Robert Shireburne the 
younger of Stonyhurst regranted to John 
Holden the elder lands in Aighton, &c.; 
C 8, 13, p. 567. Four years later John 
son of Richard Holden and Margaret his 
wife (daughter of Richard Loud) granted 
Mickle Greengore to John Holden the 
elder ; ibid. John Holden the elder in 
1488 confirmed Little Greengore in . 
Bailey to Robert, Henry, Richard, Wil- 
liam, Thomas and Katherine, children of 
Richard Holden lately deceased; ibid. 568. 

849 Ibid. 569. ^Ibid. 570. 
Ibid. a* 8 Ibid. 575. 

258 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 22, 
m. in. 

254 C 8, 13, p. 571 ; Richard was to 
marry Anne daughter of Roger Nowell 
of Read. John Holden, Margaret his 
then wife and Richard his son occur in 
1584 ; ibid. 575. Thomas was a younger 
son ; ibid. 576. 

255 Ibid. 578 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 59, m. 233. Jane afterwards mar- 
ried John Shireburne of Bailey ; C 8, 13, 
p. 577. Richard the father made a lease 
of land in Stonyhurst Park to younger 
sons Thomas and John, but they resigned 
to their brother Richard in 1598 ; ibid. 

574- 

856 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 236. Richard had three sons John 
the heir, named in the text, Henry the 
theologian and Richard of Crawshaw ; 
W. A. Abram in Preston Guardian, Oct. 
1874. 2S7 C8, 13, p. 577. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 




WINSTANLEY of 

Chaigley. 



his daughter and heir was fifteen years of age. 258 

She married Thomas Brockholes of Claughton, and 

Chaigley was sold to Richard Shireburne in i655. 269 

From that time it descended 

like Stonyhurst till about 1 840, 

when it was sold to William 

Winstanley. It has descended 

to his grandson, Mr. William 

Alfred Winstanley, who is 

called lord of the manor of 

Chaigley. 260 

Overholme in Chaigley is 
named in is83 261 and Kyt- 
ridding in i6oo. 262 

BAILEY also was properly 

a member of Aighton, as 

r i i j azure in chief thr 

appears from charters already cntmft /. 
quoted, but it had greater in- 
dependence than Chaigley and 

was accounted a manor. It gave a name to one or 
more families, probably descendants of the Mittons, 263 
including that which, as has been seen, took Shire- 
burne as a surname. It is not possible to trace the 
minor families. 264 

Henry de Clayton 265 acquired land in Bailey in 
1284 from Adam de Edieles and Christiana his wife; 
it was to be held by the render of a clove gillyflower 
yearly to Christiana or her heirs. 266 He then ex- 
changed it for a messuage, land and the moiety of a 
water-mill held by William de Winkley and Amery 
his wife. 267 Henry was in 1290 summoned to 
warrant the tenant of certain land in which dower 



was claimed by Alice widow of John de Bailey. 26 * 
Philip de Clayton in 1338 made a settlement of a 
messuage and land in Bailey and Button ; the re- 
mainder was to his son Robert, who had married 
Isabel. 269 Isabel, as widow of Robert, was plaintiff 

in I345. 270 

The Knights Hospitallers had, as already noted, 271 
an estate in this part of the township. About 1300 
it was acquired by Robert de Clitheroe, one of the 
king's clerks and rector of Wigan I3O3~34. 272 Sir 
Adam de Clitheroe, apparently in consequence of 
some dispute, carried off a large quantity of cattle, 
provisions, furnishings and books from the manor- 
house of Bailey in I332. 273 When in 1330 Robert 
desired to give his ' manor of Bailey ' to Cockersand 
Abbey it was found that the said manor was held of 
the Prior of St. John in England by the service of 
1 8 d. yearly ; the prior held it in perpetual alms of 
the Lady Isabel, queen of England, as of the honor 
of Clitheroe, she holding of the king by knight's 
service. The yearly value was 6 1 3_r. 4</. 274 This 
benefaction was not carried through, the chantry 
being founded instead. Robert, who had many 
disputes concerning his lands, 276 in 1334 gave his 
manor of Bailey to Henry de Clitheroe. 276 

In 1350 the feoffee of Henry de Clitheroe granted 
to Edmund the son of Henry and his wife Eleanor 
daughter of Sir Nicholas Boteler certain lands in 
Bailey, with remainders to Hugh son of Sir Adam de 
Clitheroe, Nicholas son of Sir Roger de Clitheroe and 
Richard son of Thomas de Knowle. 277 The next in 
possession, about 1378, was Nicholas de Clitheroe 278 ; 



248 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxx, 
no. 73. 

859 Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

260 Family monuments are in Preston 
Unitarian Church ; Hewitson, Preston, 
517. There is a pedigree in Burke's 
Landed Gentry. 

261 Lanci. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 260. 

142 Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), iii, 458. 

2 Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iii, 680. 

*** The following notes may be of use. 
Otes de Bailey and Walter his son attested 
a charter in the early part of the ijth 
century ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 654. 
Ralph son of Walter de Bailey granted 
2 acres in the vill of Bailey to Alexander 
son of William de Elland, the grant being 
attested by Walter de Bailey and John 
his son ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 921, 875. 
John son of Walter de Bailey granted 
liberty of mill to Adam ' Wittandefot,' 
and John de Bailey, probably the same 
person, gave land to Adam son of Adam 
4 Waltandefot," his charter naming the 
4 land of Otes my brother.' 

In 1284 inquiry was made as to whether 
Otes de Bailey had had a rent of 91. 3</. 
from Aighton claimed by his son John 
(a minor) by Amice de Bradley ; Assize 
R. 1265, m. 21 d. The occupiers' names 
are given. In 1291 John son of Otes de 
Bailey had a dispute as to inheritance 
with Henry son of Robert the Miller ; 
Assize R. 1294, m. n d. In the follow- 
ing year Cecily daughter of Otes de Bailey 
claimed chattels to the value of 48*. 
from his executors John son of Avice 
(? Amice) de Hayhurst and Ralph de 
Bailey; Assize R. 408, m. 10. 

In 1292 also Richard Pleyndamours 
and Alice his wife demanded the third 
part of messuages, mill, land and rent in 
Aighton against Avice formerly the wife 



of Otes (Eudo) de Bailey and John her 
son (a minor), &c. Alice had been wife 
of John de Bailey, but had left him to 
live with Richard ; having returned and 
been reconciled to her husband before his 
death her claim was allowed; ibid. m. 56 d. 
The same Richard and Alice were defen- 
dants to a claim by Adam son of Richard 
son of John de Bailey ; ibid. m. 10. 
Robert son of John de Bailey was plain- 
tiff in 1285 and 1291 ; Assize R. 1271, 
m. 1 1 d. ; 1 294, m. 9. 

265 See the account of Button. 

266 Final Cone, i, 1 6 1. 

167 Ibid, i, 162. In 1292 Amery widow 
of William de Winkley claimed a mes- 
suage and land in Aighton as daughter 
and heir of John de Bailey. The defen- 
dants were Thomas de Greengore and 
Maud his wife ; Assize R. 408, m. 6. 

268 De Banco R. 82, m. 52 d. Henry 
de Clayton was defendant in 1291 ; ibid. 
89, m. 28. a69 Final Cone, ii, 109. 

270 De Banco R. 343, m. 102. 

271 See Winkley. 

872 In 1299 Robert was plaintiff 
respecting lands in Aighton and Bailey, 
the defendants being Jordan Moody and 
Jordan de Bailey; De Banco R. 126, m. 
130 d. In 1301 he purchased messuages 
and land in Bailey and Clitheroe from 
John son of Roger de Bolton and Cecily 
his wife, soon afterwards securing an 
oxgang and a half of land, &c., from 
William son of Nicholas de Mitton ; 
Final Cone, i, 198. Another acquisition 
was from Edmund Talbot ; Shireburne 
Abstract Bk. 

8 ? 8 Coram Rege R. 293, m. 52 d. A 
detailed list is given of the goods carried 
off, including cattle, horse, barley, oats, 
salt beef and fish, brass pots, a ' wyndon 
shete and canevace ' for winnowing corn, 
frying pan and roast iron, carpets, cushions, 

16 



' canevaces ' for the lord's bed, cross-bow 
with sixteen quarrels, wagon, hammers, 
saw, 4 resting wimbel,' a ' grouell,' pitch- 
fork, &c. ; valuable resins called ' le 
Rose,' 4 ipomadon,' ' athis and prophilias,' 
' isope," ' luodarie,' 4 troye ' and ' breton ' ; 
a psalter glossed, missal, legendary, grayle, 
vestment, altar towels, censer, phials, 
cross of latten, and other things in the 
chapel. 

274 Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. Ill (2nd nos.), 
no. 106. 

275 In 1327 Robert complained that 
Margaret widow of Adam Banastre had 
impounded his plough cattle ; De Banco 
R. 272, m. 79. For minor disputes see 
ibid. 199, m. 462 d. ; Coram Rege R. 
292, m. 17. In 1334 it was alleged that 
Sir Adam de Clitheroe, then dead, had 
retained John de Bailey and others to 
make claims against him, but John was 
able to show a pardon from the king 
dated at Berwick 26 July 1333 ; ibid. 
297, Rex m. 20. 

Sir Adam had claimed the 4 manor of 
Bailey' from Robert in 1332, the defence 
being that Bailey was in Aighton and not 
in Clitheroe. Adam was the son of 
Hugh de Clitheroe, who was stated to have 
had possession in the time of Edward I ; 
De Banco R. 290, m. 116 ; 291, m. 149. 
John son of Adam de Clitheroe in the 
same year claimed a messuage, &c., 
in Aighton against Robert de Clitheroe 
and many others. The defence was 
noteworthy that there was no vill in 
Lancashire called 4 Aghton ' without an 
adjunct ; Assize R. 1411, m. 12. 

276 Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

277 Dods. MSS. cliii, fol. loib. Edmund 
de Clitheroe granted a lease in 1351 ; 
Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

2(8 Isabel widow of Henry de Clitheroe 
released her dower to him. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



MITTON (PART OF) 



he was son of Edmund. 279 He occurs down to 
I43O, 280 and was succeeded by a son Robert, 281 who 
in 1443 was summoned to answer Robert Shireburne 
and Alice his wife, widow of Sir William Hoghton, 
as to a bond dated 1432 for the marriage of Richard 
his son and heir to Margaret Hoghton, daughter of 
Alice. Richard had by inheritance lands in Cumber- 
halgh and Preston, formerly John de Singleton's. 282 
Richard son of Robert Clitheroe and Alice his wife 
made a feoffment in I459~6o. 283 

Thomas Clitheroe was in possession in 1468 when 
he presented to Bailey Chapel ; in 1474 he in con- 
junction with Elizabeth his wife received from feoffees 
the manor of Bailey. 284 He made a settlement of 
his estates in I5O4~5, 285 and was within two years 
succeeded by his son Robert, who then granted Bailey 
Hall to his mother Ellen. 286 Ralph son of Richard 
Clitheroe was in possession by I544 287 ; he died in 
August 1556 holding Crawshaw, Welshman's Croft in 
Bailey, &c., of Sir Richard Shireburne by a rent of 
5/. id. ; also lands in Goosnargh and Whittingham. 
His heirs were his father's three sisters or their repre- 
sentatives, viz. Isabel wife of John Halstead, aged 
seventy, aunt ; Joan daughter of John Blakeden, 
thirty, cousin ; and George son of Mary Franks, 
thirty, cousin. 288 Ralph had, however, just before 
his death sold all his lands to Sir Richard Shire- 
burne, 289 who appears to have made arrangements 
with members of the family and others. 290 

This manor descended with Stonyhurst until 1831, 
when it was sold by Cardinal Weld to Joseph 



Fenton. 291 It has since descended with Button. 
No courts are held. 

A family named Ash had for several centuries an 
estate in Bailey and Aighton. 292 Ralph de Bailey 
granted land in Bailey to Robert son of John de Ash, 
to be held by 6d. rent, 293 and Ralph de Mitton 
made another grant to Robert de Ash and Henry 
his son at zs. rent. 294 These rents were still payable 
in the i jth century, but there is not material avail- 
able to show the descent completely. 295 Hugh Ash 
died in 1554 seised of messuages and lands in Button, 
Ribchester, Aighton and Bailey, those in the last- 
named township being held of the king and queen as 
of their manor of Clitheroe. George, the son and 
heir, was only a year old. 296 Edward Ash of Clough 
Bank died in 1609 holding lands in Aighton and 
Bailey of Richard Shireburne by rents of 2s. and 6d. 
respectively ; his heir, his son Robert, was fifty-eight 
years old. 297 

A younger branch of the Shireburnes was designated 
'of Bailey.' Richard Shireburne of Bailey Hall 
probably lessee was a younger son of the Hugh 
Shireburne of Stonyhurst who died in 1528; he 
died about I58o. 298 A descendant, also named 
Richard, was outlawed for high treason in 1715, 
having taken part in the Jacobite rising. 299 Sir Edward 
Sherburne, the poet (1618-1702), is usually supposed 
to have been of the Bailey line. 300 

An early place-name was Greengore in the northern 
half of Bailey. 301 In 1 3 14 Thomas del Greengore 
confirmed to Adam his son certain land in Bailey, 



379 See note 281 below. 

280 He presented to Bailey chantry in 
1421. He gave leases of Bailey Hall in 
1407 and 1430 ; Gerard, op. cit. 49, 50 
(from Leagram and Stonyhurst D.). In 
1403 he entailed hit lands in the 
counties of Nottingham, York and 
Lancaster ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 
The chief residence of the family appears 
to have been at Auckley, to the east of 
Doncaster, on the border of Notts. 

Robert de Hoghton in 1407 held 4 
acres in Aighton of Nicholas Clitheroe of 
Bailey by \d. rent ; Inq. a.q.d. file 438, 
no. 26. Among the Hoghton deeds are 
grants of land in Bailey and Aighton 
from Richard son of John de Bailey to 
Adam de Hoghton, &c. ; Dods. MSS. 
czlii, fol. 6o/>, 55. 

281 Robert son and heir of Nicholas 
Clitheroe and grandson of Edmund 
occurs in 1444 ; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, 
p. 282. He married Margaret daughter 
of John de Singleton ; Shireburne Ab- 
stract Bk. 

* M Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 5, m. 15. 
Robert Clitheroe in 1447-8 gave Bailey 
Hall on lease to Richard Crombleholme j 
Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

188 Ibid. Richard was living in 1466 
and Alice his widow 1473 ; ibid. 

284 Ibid. 

285 Ibid. The will of Thomas Clitheroe 
(wrongly described as incumbent of 
Mitton) is given in Baines' Lanes, (ed. 
1870), ii, 101. 

286 Ibid. Robert presented to Bailey 
Chapel in 1517 and was living in 1521. 

Robert Rushton of Walsall claimed 
the manor called Bailey Hall in right of 
his wife Ellen in 1518 ; Duchy of Lane. 
Plead. Hen. VIII, iii, R i. From a 
plea of 1531 it appears that Henry 
Alston had demised the manor of Bailey 
Hall to Edward Halstead for the life of 



Ellen Rishton, widow, who had a rent of 
6 i6s. 8</. from it; Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 153, m. 15 d. 

187 Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

288 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 26. 
A moiety of the manor of Bailey was 

in 1549 granted to Robert Low by Ralph 
Clitheroe, together with lands in Bailey 
and Goosnargh ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 13, m. 102. 

289 Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

290 In 1557 Sir Richard purchased a 
moiety of nine messuages, &c., in Aighton 
and Bailey from Robert Clitheroe ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 17, m. 21. In 
1574 he purchased nine messuages, &c., 
from George Green ; ibid. bdle. 36, m. 
280. In the following year he obtained 
a considerable estate in Aighton, Bailey 
and Whittingham from John Hopwood ; 
ibid. bdle. 37, m. 57. A further purchase 
was made in 1590 from John Halstead 
in Aighton, Bailey, Winkley, Haighton 
and Goosnargh; ibid. bdle. 52, m. 51. 
Also a smaller one in 1593 from John 
Burgoyne esquire in Aighton, Chaigley and 
Bailey; ibid. bdle. 55, m. 153. The 
'manor' of Bailey is not mentioned 
subsequently, except as part of the 
Shireburne estate. 

391 Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1836), iii, 371. 
292 Deeds are in Add. MS. 32107, no. 

874-93 - 

298 Ibid. no. 930. Ralph de Bailey 
also granted land in the vill of Bailey to 
Robert son of John de Ash, who married 
Cecily daughter of Roger de Heyhurst 
(in Dutton) ; ibid. no. 883, 899. 

294 Ibid. no. 925. 

295 Adam son of Adam Walkandfot in 
1292 claimed a tenement in Bailey and 
Dutton against Richard son of Robert de 
Ash; Assize R. 408, m. 42. In 1304 
Robert de Clitheroe claimed account 
against Richard de Ash, his bailiff, and 



in 1327 against two of the name, the 
elder and younger; De Banco R. 152, 
m. 181 d. ; 268, m. 34. 

Richard de Ashes the elder was 
defendant in a claim for land in Aighton 
put forward by Ralph son of Jordan 
Moody in 1334 ; Coram Regc R. 297, 
m. i6d. In 1338 Richard de Ash gave 
land in Bailey to his son Robert ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 898. Robert is described 
as 'of Dutton' in 1341 (ibid. no. 896) 
and in 1 346 he obtained land in Aighton 
from William de Wormstall and Margaret 
his wife ; ibid. no. 882. It appears 
William and Margaret (in her right) held 
an oxgang of land in Aighton which they 
sold in 1335 to Henry son of Robert del 
Hall ; Final Cone, ii, 98. 

John de Ash seems to have followed 
about the time of Richard II. His son 
Richard married Margery daughter of 
Thomas del Ridding, and she in 1439, 
as widow of John de Whalley, had held 
lands of Richard de Shireburne by a 
rent of 2s. Thomas Ridding was her 
brother and heir ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 
874, 895, 886. For the Whalley family 
see Final Cone, iii, 75. 

Thomas Ash in 1456 had a tenement 
called Hurst in Aighton ; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 894. 

298 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 35. 

297 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 165. 

198 His will of that date is printed by 
C. D. Sherborn, op. cit. 71, and an 
account of the family follows. Some 
other wills are printed in Wills (Chet. 
Soc. new sen), ii, 159, 179. 

29J See further in the account of 
Dutton and Stidd. 

800 See Sherborn, op. cit. 84 ; Gerard, 
Stony hunt Coll. 82 ; Diet. Nat. Biog. 

801 See the account of the Holden 
family. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



excepting the Greengore. 302 John son of Thomas de 
Greengore in 1364 released land in Claughton to 
Ralph de Holden ; while in 1388 Adam de Green- 
gore, brother and heir of John, confirmed to John 
son of John son of Ralph de Holden the land called 
Greengore in Bailey. 303 

The freeholders recorded in 1600, in addition to 
Shireburne, Winkley and Holden, were Richard 
Goodshaw, Thomas Loud, Robert Read and John 
Tomlinson of Aighton ; also Richard Aighton of 
Chaigley. 304 Some of these have already been 
named. 

In 1568 there was a dispute as to Hill House in 
Chaigley between John Loud and Joan his wife on 
the one part and William Loud, &c., on the other. 305 
Sir Richard Shireburne in 1 546 purchased a messuage 
and land in Aighton from James Loud and Isabel his 
wife. 306 Thomas Loud in 1632 compounded for his 
recusancy by an annual payment of j2. 307 William 
son and heir of James Loud held land in 169 1. 308 

Thomas Johnson alias Tomlinson held land in 
Bailey in 1546, with remainder to Richard Tomlin- 
son. 309 John Tomlinson died in 1624 holding land 
in Chaigley, with common of pasture in Bailey, of 
Richard Shireburne as of his manor of Aighton ; 
Thurstan his son and heir was fifty years of age. 310 
John Tomlinson, apparently another son, died in 
1633 holding land in Chaigley and Clitheroe of the 
king ; his brother Thurstan was heir. 311 

Richard ' Haghton ' and Alice his wife procured 
a messuage called Armetridding, &c., in Chaigley 
from Sir Richard Shireburne and Maud his wife in 
1546, apparently in exchange for a tenement in 
Aighton. 312 A settlement of four messuages, dovecote, 
lands, &c., was in I 548 made by Richard and Alice 
Haghton, the remainders being to sons John and 
Roger, and to heirs male of John father of Richard 
Haghton. 313 

Hugh de Hacking in 1311 acquired a messuage 
and land in Aighton from Thomas de Broadhurst and 
Agnes his wife. 314 This was probably the estate of 
Henry de Shuttleworth and Agnes his wife in 1 366. 315 
Broadhurst and other lands in Aighton were in 1644 
held by Nicholas Grimshaw of Clayton. 316 

Thomas Bradley of Thornley in 1564 held mes- 
suages, &c., in Chaigley partly of the queen and 
partly of someone unknown. 317 Roger brother of 
Richard Bradley of Bailey (deceased) in 1653 peti- 
tioned for the restoration of a moiety of the estate, 
which had been sequestered for the recusancy of 



Elizabeth, Richard's widow ; she was then dead. 
Roger himself was ' conformable ' to the Parliament, 
' ever a dutiful and constant good Churchman,' and 
had two sons in the army. 318 

Mary Dewhurst alias Osbaldeston died in 1638 
holding a messuage, &c., in Bailey of the king as of 
the honor of Clitheroe ; Robert her son and heir was 
thirty years of age. 319 Robert Dewhurst as a ' de- 
linquent ' had his lands sequestered by the Parlia- 
ment, and in 1654 his son James petitioned for 
restoration. 320 

A few particulars about non-resident holders are 
found in the inquisitions. 321 

A considerable number of landowners contributed 
to the subsidy of 1524, the principal being Hugh 
Shireburne. The others were : Robert Ash, the 
wife of Thomas Clitheroe, Thomas Gooday, John 
Halghton, Ralph Holden, Thomas Lenox, Robert 
Waddington and Roger Winckley. 322 The names 
in the 1543 subsidy list are: Richard Shireburne, 
Robert Shireburne, Robert Waddington, Ralph 
Holden, John Gooday, the widow of John Halghton, 
Anthony Winckley, John Hayhurst and Thomas 
Johnson. 323 In 1597 the following contributed for 
their lands : Richard Shireburne (self and wife), 
Richard Holden, John Shireburne (for wife), Richard 
Haughton, John Tomlinson, Bartholomew Gooday, 
Robert Read, Thomas Lowde, Henry Heyhurst. 324 
In 1626 Richard Shireburne, Roger Winckley, 
Richard Haighton, Thurstan Tomlinson, Richard 
Holden, Richard Crombleholme (for wife), Bartho- 
lomew Gooday, Richard Read, John Whitaker 
and Henry Hayhurst ; the wife of Richard Shire- 
burne and a large number of others paid as non- 
communicants. 325 

In the Commonwealth time Anne Watson, a re- 
cusant, had had her estates sequestered, but was 
dead in i654. 326 The hearth tax return of 1666 
shows that at Aighton there were eighty-two hearths 
liable, of which Stonyhurst had twenty-three, the 
house of Anne Winckley widow had five, that of 
James Loud five, and four houses had three. At 
Bailey there were thirty-eight hearths, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Rishton's house having five. At Chaigley there were 
forty-two hearths, but only two dwellings had as many 
as three. 327 In addition to Sir Nicholas Shireburne 
a number of 'Papists' registered estates in 1717. 328 
The land t.ix return of 1787 shows that Thomas 
Weld held nearly all the land ; the Earl of Derby 
had a part of Chaigley. 329 



02 Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 475. 

303 Ibid. The Greengore charters are 
in the possession of Mr. Fitzherbert- 
Brockholes of Claughton. 

804 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
', 234-7- 

801 Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com. ), ii, 348 ; 
iii, 8. 

808 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, 
m. 226, 259 ; the Louds had Ridding, 
Lawcroft, &c. Edmund Loud had a 
messuage and land in 1587 ; ibid. bdle. 
49, m. 102. 

307 Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 
178. 

108 Exch. of Pleas, Mich. 3 Will, and 
Mary, m. 40. 

808 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, 
m. 232. 

810 Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 

""Ibid. 1181. 



Sla Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, 
m. 296, 223. 

813 Ibid. bdle. 1 3, m. 143 ; see also 
bdle. 52 (1590), m. 75 ; 58 (1597), m. 

173- 

114 Final Cone, ii, 10. 

816 Ibid, ii, 171. See also Ducatus 
Lane, iii, 518. 

816 Add. MS. 32105, no. 901. 

317 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, 
no. 37. 

118 Royalist Comf. Papers (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 217-20. 

319 Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 340. 

880 Royalist Comf. Papers, ii, 244-51. 

381 Sir William Leyland of Morleys in 
i 547 held land in Aighton and Chaigley 
of the king by the fortieth part of a 
knight's fee ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. pan. 
ix, no. 43. 

Richard Crombleholme in 1588 held 

18 



land in Huntingdon (Dutton) and Bailey 
of the queen by the hundredth part of a 
knight's fee ; ibid, xiv, no. 40. See also 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 28, m. 206. 

James Livesey of Livesey in 1620 held 
land in Chaigley, but the tenure was not 
recorded ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 278. 

822 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 82. 

828 Ibid. no. 125. 

824 Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 274. 

325 Ibid. no. 317. 

326 Cal. Com. for Comf. v, 3218. 

M ' Lay Subs. Lanes, bdle. 250, no. 9. 

828 They were Edward Bradley, James 
Dilworth, John Hill and Samson Raw- 
cliffe of Aighton ; John Merrick of 
Bailey and Christopher Hudson of 
Chaigley ; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. 
Cath. Non-jurors, 102, 1 06, &C. 

829 Returns at Preston. 



A chapel of St. John the Baptist was 
CHURCH built in Bailey by Robert de Clitheroe, 
and he obtained the royal licence to 
grant it with the endowment he provided to Cocker- 
sand Abbey ; the canons were to provide two 
chaplains. 330 This intention does not seem to have 
been carried into effect, for in 1338 Henry de 
Clitheroe obtained a fresh licence from the king 
authorizing him to alienate two messuages, 40 acres 
of land, &c., in Ribchester and Button for the 
endowment of a chaplain who should celebrate daily 
for the souls of Robert de Clitheroe and others. 331 
In 1548 it was found that the incumbent 'celebrated 
there accordingly and did minister the Blessed 
Sacrament to the inhabitants adjoining at such times 
as the curates of the parish church cannot repair to 
them for the floods.' 332 Most of the chaplains' names 
are known, as follows 333 : 

1334 William de Preston 
oc. 1338 Thomas 334 
oc. 1403-21 Richard Bradley 
oc. 1421-62 William Bradley 335 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED MITTON (PART OF, 

Nowell and Richard Holden had obtained certain 
deeds respecting the same, which he ought to 
have. 346 

For the Church of England St. John the Evan- 
gelist's was built in 1838, near Hurst Green, but 
within Bailey ; a burial-ground is attached. A 



1468 
1498 



John Bradley 
William Barker 



oc, 

oc. 1500-17 Lawrence Towneley 338 ' 7 
1517 Robert Taylor 338 

In 1535 the income was returned as $ los. i</. 339 
The endowment was confiscated on the general sup- 
pression of chantries, the lands being sold in 1549 * 
William Eggleston and others, 340 and no attempt was 
made, so far as appears, to maintain service in the 
chapel. The building gradually fell into ruin, and 
the last remains of it were destroyed in i83O. 341 The 
east window had been removed to Stonyhurst and 
placed in its present position there, in a room then 
used as a chapel. 342 The Priest's House, or Merrick's 
Hall, now standing in Bailey, is thought to have been 
the chantry priest's residence. It contains some 
wood carving : ' Robertus Taylor cantorista hanc 
fabricam fieri fecit A. Dni M.D.xxiii.' 343 

In Chaigley there was a chantry of St. Chad, but 
nothing definite is known of its history. It is stated 
to have been by the roadside opposite a farm now 
called Chapel House. 344 The Chapel-stead in 
Chaigley is named in a deed of I378-9. 345 Richard 
Shireburne of Stonyhurst in 1 600 was seised of ' the 
late dissolved chantry of St. Chad in Chaigley and 
the chantry lands lying in the manors of Aighton, 
Bailey and Chaigley,' and complained that Roger 



district was assigned to it in i87O. 347 It is in the 
diocese of Ripon. The vicars are presented by the 
vicars of Mitton. 

The Congregationalists have a small endowed 
school-chapel at Walker Fold in Chaigley, founded in 
1 792. Over the doorway is the inscription : 'Chaidg- 
ley Charity School, Established by Miss Ellin 
Haighton And endowed by Miss Ann Haighton, only 
daughter of Mr. Richd. Haighton, all of London. 
The ground bought of Mr. Richd. Haighton of 
Chaidgley, I792.' 348 

From the account of the Shireburne family it may 
be gathered that the practice of the rites of the Roman 
Catholic religion was maintained in the district with 
more or less regularity during the whole period of the 
penal laws. 349 Henry Long, a secular priest educated 
at Rome, 350 the chaplain at the hall from 1666 to 
1679, was drawn into a controversy with the vicar of 
Mitton, who had a dispute concerning his revenues 
with Richard Shireburne, * the sacrilegious popish 
patron ' of Mitton, as the vicar styled him. 351 The 
secular clergy were succeeded by Jesuits about 1 7OO, 352 
but from 1741 to 1752 the Duchess of Norfolk had 
a Carmelite for chaplain. 353 On the establishment 
of the college in 1 794 a larger chapel in the house 
became necessary. In 1 797 part of the old stabling was 
fitted up for public use, and this was replaced in 
1835 by the present church of St. Peter adjoining 
the college. It is a pleasing example of the early 
Gothic revival, the architect being J. J. Scoles. 354 
It has in course of time become richly decorated, a 
tasteful high altar having been given in 1893. The 
sacristy contains a number of valuable relics, in- 
cluding the cap and seal of B. Thomas More, mon- 
strances and other church furniture ; also rich vest- 
ments, including a chasuble and cope, part of a gift 
by Henry VII to Westminster Abbey, and a more 
ancient chasuble of English make called the Lucca 
vestment. 355 Mass is also said once a week at St. 
Joseph's Schools, Hurst Green. 

The principal endowment 356 is 

CHARITIES that of 80 a year for the Shireburne 

almshouses. 367 In addition about 10 

a year is distributed to the poor from the gift of 



380 Cal. Pat. 1330-4, p. 9. It is 
possible that there had been an earlier 
chapel there. 

331 Ibid. 1338-40, p. 30; the chapel 
is described as ' lately built by Robert de 
Clitheroe.' 

334 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 
211-13. 

333 The list is derived from Whitaker's 
Craven (ed. Morant, 29), his reference 
being to ' the registers of York ' and from 
the Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

334 Towneley MS. OO, no. 1430. 

335 William Bradley, chaplain of the 
chantry of Bailey, in 1430-1 made an 
exchange of lands with the patron, 
Nicholas Clitheroe ; ibid. no. 1221, 1223. 

He had a son John named in some of 
the deeds in the Shireburne Abstract. Bk. 

330 " 7 He occurs in 1500 ; OO, no. 1457. 
He resigned in 1517 nd Taylor succeeded. 



339 Taylor was still chaplain in 1 548, 
being sixty-nine years old ; Raines, loc. cit. 
339 Valor Eccl (Rec. Com.), v, 144. 
"o Pat. 3 Edw. VI, pt. iii. 
541 Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 474. 
341 Whitaker, loc. cit. 

343 Gerard, op. cit. 99. 

344 A 'chapel house" existed in 1725 ; 
Walkden'i Diary, 1 1 (quoted by Nightin- 
gale). See also Stonyhurtt Mag. Nov. 
1887 and the account of Crawshaw. 

345 Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

846 Duchy of Lane. Plead. Eliz. cxcv, 

Sl2. 

347 Land. Cast. 25 Feb. 1870. 

S48 Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. ii, 217- 
22. An account of the foundation and 
endowments is given in End. Char. Rep. 
1899. 

3 The hiding-places in the hall itself 
are described in Gerard, op. cit. 78. 

19 



350 Foley, Ret. S. J. vi, 398. 

341 Gillow, Bill. Diet, of Engl. Cath. 
iv, 326. 

3M Foley, Ret. S. J. v, 400. There 
was also a chapel at Bailey Hall. 

353 Zimmerman, Carmel in England, 372. 

354 Gerard, op. cit. 100. 

355 Ibid. 245-58 ; views of some are 
given. 

356 An official inquiry was made in 
1898; the report, issued in 1899, in- 
cludes a reprint of that of 1826. The 
details here given are derived from it. 

357 Richard 'Scireburne' had in 1686 
intended to found an ' almshouse or 
maison de Dieu ' for twenty aged persons, 
and his- son Sir Nicholas in 1706 carried 
the project into execution. Each of the 
almspeople was to have 4 a year and 
twelve places were appropriated to the 
township of Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Richard Pickering, 358 and other sums from those of 
John Richmond 359 and James Standford. 360 The 
schools at Chaigley and Hurst Green have endow- 
ments. 

SHI RE BURN 'E 4LMSHOUSES. Above Stony- 
hurst, at the east end of Longridge Fell, at a height 
of 800 ft. above sea level, stand the Shireburne Alms- 
houses, a picturesque stone building now neglected 36 
and in the first stages of decay, erected in the early 
years of the i8th century by Sir Nicholas Shire- 
burne. The plan is an adaptation of that of the 
usual courtyard type employed in such institutions 
combined with the E-shaped house plan, the wings 
projecting only 28 ft. in front of the main block. 362 
The ' courtyard ' in reality forms a terrace 69 ft. 6 in. 
by 28 ft., raised about 8 ft. above the ground, and 
approached by a semicircular flight of sixteen steps, 
47 ft. 6 in. in diameter, forming a most effective 
architectural feature. The design of the whole 
building is thoughtful and refined, and has an in- 
stinctive fitness and charm, emphasized perhaps by 
its present forsaken condition. It is a good example 
of simple Renaissance work, in which full advantage 
has been taken of the nature of the site on the slope 



of the hillside. The walls are of wrought stone with 
ashlar dressings and plain architraves to all the 
windows, and the roofs are covered with stone slates 
with overhanging eaves. The end wings are 19 ft. 
in width, the whole of the south front being about 
107 ft. 6 in. in length, which is increased by high 
stone walls and gates connecting a small stone out- 
building on each side with the main structure. The 
building is of one story, except in the projecting centre, 
which rises above the roofs on either side and is sur- 
mounted by a pedimented gable with stone vase orna- 
ments. In the pediment are the arms of Shireburne 
with crest and supporters, and below in large letters the 
words ' Shireburn Almshouses,' and over the middle 
entrance is a large blank stucco panel, evidently 
added later, on which probably there was a painted 
inscription which has completely disappeared. The 
tenements of the inmates are arranged in ten small 
double rooms in the middle and side wings, five on 
each side of the ' chapel, ' with the names of the 
different townships over the doors. 363 From the 
terrace, which is inclosed by a stone balustrade with 
turned balusters, there is a fine view to the south 
over the Kibble Valley. 



CHIPPING 



CHIPPING 
THORNLEY WITH WHEATLEY 



This secluded parish, 1 still uncrossed by a railway 
line, lies in the hilly country between Longridge 
Fell on the south and Parlick and Fairsnape Fell on 
the north ; the principal stream is the Loud, dividing 
the two townships as it flows north-east to join the 
Hodder. The area is 8,8544 acres, and the popula- 
tion in 1901 numbered 1,133. 

The district was called Chippingdale ; but this 
term covered a somewhat wider area than the present 
parish. 

Few antiquities have been found, but a Roman 
road crossed part of Thornley. 

The transference of the parish from its original 
hundred of Amounderness to that of Blackburn was 
probably a consequence of the grant of the manor to 
the lords of Clitheroe. Ecclesiastically it remained in 
the deanery of Amounderness. 

It was one of the parishes laid waste by the Scots 
in 1322, but apart from this its story has been as 
peaceful and uneventful as from its out-of-the-way 
situation might be expected. 



To the tax called the fifteenth Chipping paid 
28/. and Thornley with Wheatley ijs. 6J., when 
the hundred paid 37 I/, fd? To the county lay 
of 1624 the two portions paid respectively z iqs. 6et. 
and I 1 7/. zd. towards i oo levied on the hundred. 3 

In 1666 the East End of Chipping had seventy- 
one hearths liable to be taxed and the West End 
forty-five, but no house had more than four hearths. 
In Thornley Alexander Osbaldeston's house had seven 
hearths and Henry Shireburne's the same ; no other 
dwelling had more than three. 4 

The agricultural land is thus classified : arable 
land, 46 acres ; permanent grass, 6,721 ; woods and 
plantations, 75- 4a 

The church of ST. BARTHQLO- 
CHURCH MEW stands on rising ground at the 
north-west side of the village and consists 
of chancel and nave with north and south aisles, south 
porch, west tower and a modern vestry at the north- 
east corner of the north aisle. The chancel and nave 
are without structural division and under one roof, 



The pensions are still paid, but the bene- 
ficiaries have for a long time preferred to 
live in their own villages, as the alms- 
houses are in an out-of-the-way spot on 
the side of Longridge. It has been pro- 
posed to take the buildings down and re- 
erect them on a more accessible site. The 
Stonyhurst trustees are liable for re- 
pairs. 

Two each of the almspeople were to be 
chosen from Dutton, Ribchester, Wiswell 
and Mitton. 

Sir Nicholas also intended to give 401. 
a year to the boatman at Hacking boat, 
but there is no evidence that this was 
ever paid. He desired that ';; IS tenants 
and other inhabitants shaflfld have a free 
passage. OthercJ^Snties were directed 
for Leagram, ^GJfiorlejr and Hambleton in 

Jr 



Lancashire and for some places in York- 
shire. 

358 He gave his land in Ded Banks in 
Clayton-le-Dale for the benefit of poor 
housekeepers of Aighton, Bailey and 
Chaigley. The rent is 10, which is 
distributed annually in small money 
doles. 

359 By his will of 1769 he left the 
residue of his personal estate (50) for 
clothing poor children and relieving old 
people of the township. The capital is 
now invested in consols, and the interest, 
291. a year, is distributed in money doles 
to the sick and other poor persons by the 
vitar of Hurst Green. 

16 See the account of Ribchester chari- 
tIC8 A The share of Bailey amounted in 
189$ to $ 2J. ioJ., distributed through 



the rector of Stonyhurst in money doles 
to poor cottagers. 

361 The last occupant of the houses, 
who had lived there some time alone, 
died in 1910. 

362 The middle part of the main block, 
which projects 2 ft., was probably intended 
for a chapel, but has never been so used. 

363 Chaigley, Bailey and Aighton occur 
each twice. 

1 Sixty years ago the people were de- 
scribed as 'plain, homespun, dialectal, 
retiring, home-loving dwellers, having 
little and needing less ' ; Parkinson, Old 
Church Clock (ed. Evans), xvi. 

a Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 19. 

3 Ibid. 23. 

4 Lay Subs. Lanes, bdle. 250, no. 9. 

43 Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905). 



\ 



20 




Bfl 

CO 




INDEX MAP OF CHIPPING, LEAGRAM, AIGHTON AND RIBCHESTER 



21 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



very sfigkt Tkere was a partial u.ni*akm of tke 

_ 7 $iL,and 1909. 

on eack side to tke aisles by an arcade of Tkeckxncel is 5 ft. 9 in. long, oocnpymg tke two 

irc pointed arckes. Tke east end of die ckanod, i.ili I nmnil bays, bat tke wood screen wkkk farmedy 

wiucms 15 ft. wide, B indosed nortk and sontk far stood in fine wkk tkc second pier kas Juappiawed, 8 

a Iengtkof7ft.br a blank wail, and tke asks, wkkk and tke ckaace) is now only omfeentialed from tke 

are nmeonal in widtk, are conrmned tke fnl kngtk nare by tke : raising of tke ioor and tke anangement 

of tke ckancd, tke cast wal of tke bmUing being of tke seating. Tke ea* window, tke mnPionsof 

:l-Y:i".-f":^r: ; i: ": s: ;-- '.:.:* - -- r..--r. 

' isepnrategabledroofofciinalkeigktto kood monld and a low 



tkat of tke nare, bnt tke nave roof is condnwd oier tracery. Tke ijtk-cemmy piscina in tke sontk wal 

at a sngkdy latter phck. Botk roofi kasa trefai1edkead,edge^ol momm^andnaaVncni 

covered witk stone mm* ami ka*e overkanging ornament, bnt its bowl B gone. In tke nonm wal is 

.and tke waBs are cmntncted of fceal rnbbk a recess wkk pointed bead, 16 in. wide, originaiy an 

witkont pfiatk, bnt witk knttMMts of two stages and opening bnt now bmk op and med as a credence, 

diagonal ones at tke angles. Tke roofc and iuingt of tkc ckancd together wkk 

TV ifcmifc ii Imylj m tm\j ififk rmtnrr rr tbose of die rest of tke ekmik are modem, tke 

ftnoloWedince,wmxKjn%mgfiomtne cjpne stalk being erected in 1909. Tke 
ide and tke pocina in tke ckancel, seems to 




karebesnof I3tk-<entniy date. Ikde ornotking, Tke nortk arcade kas frre poaled arckes of two 

an be said witk certzmty abont tke ptaa ckanuered otdeu sprnsging from oriignnil PKR, 

of tk en% bnnmnn> *e later reran- i ft. 9 in. in dboBKCer and 6ft. in kejgkttotke top 

kas nnde tke aickkectnnl endence ntker of tke caps. Tke arckes mar be tke original 

box tke plan iny,i m tkat Ac ckvck kad istk-centnry ones and some parts of tke caps, as 

^ >;.::. - :.;.- .z ~:cii T '^ : r ;- i"i i^-'. _r^-^~ >u.:?i. ir; ~r.nr. T ;: u: .? ^i:e. . "~; ;: 

1 500 witk a new spacing of tke bays to wfcick saBprj* nvmaded witk & plain sojcare nppri and 

it was intended to adapt tke nortk arcade. In tke fowled lower ntnuxr. One of tkeni B onile 

end oft nortk arcade, kowever, pcrkaps becanse tt plain, bnt tke otkcr two are cjivul m tke neck 

was m a better state of presenatnn, was lett nwce or win, far tke most put, vcry dementtiy patterns 

.rr-- i.- ~. ~~ : ; . r_t t~; T.ir; "^j"; --rr; ~ r;; t f^;". i5 zz nnwnl ;- r-Lrrfr ^:: m:_ri--" _>i it 

~ ; "- : . ~:r ^.::_ ~i;~;r:- i^; | ^;: Mn *~~ ~-~ -- ^r - ire rr.r^r." jr i..; ~ ~; ;: u; 

being nsed vp Tkere are no traces of an ancient lock-centnry lebnuoing. On two sraes of tke 

rr:r-ir | ikntHy ;- -; .r; i.".; ;~^ .T :~. ."? ~-^-i;T^. zn~i^~~ ;: i :~< 

laerc B, kowever, no cmience of consisting of two small < u>lr\ 

i"i :r. ;";;:; . : r ; . ; :;_rrr ri- ;u-r.zc i~z ti; ct'.ir rr n.; ' r,"*i :j.~ii-~t; r^~r<, 

tion caa onhr be snnused. Tke I jtk-ceacarv ptscina and ft pointod 'window' of tiuee figkts witk tke 

-. .__.- ..".. ._. ,-. .' . r ~ -_... -. _^ . ~~ . "- . . H^^i **^ -^ _ _.*_. ,_ 

a cne snort jengtn ot tne present cnaaoei wail B nwinons mxetsecong m tne neau, ano. on tne same 

probabfy' not m ib anginal position, bnt if it is, tken cap a dragon abo ocean. It scents finely, kowever, 

it is possUK tiac tke 1 3db-<CBtaij' ckiaxk consisted of tkat afl tkis nuk is of one date, tke new < j|ataK 

a nare extending onh- as sir as tke ^ad pier of dte being carved bj a worknun of eclectic tastes kaving 

o^ arcade fitn tke east, bpan%fnrAer west- a general knowledge of muiuvul farms. Tke 'rose 

ward. Tke two west arckes are wider tkan tke tonmante* otmnabo on tke base of Ac fant,wnkk 

odnm ami Oft capital of tke pier in qnesaon is of a B of lotk-centnrj date. Tke cap of Ac tknd pier 

ore or less nondescript ckaratter. It is MjmuJf from tke east is a made-np one and on tke east side 

Halj tint tie pnunt mim^ m i it of pkn whkont is caned whk fanr beads and a beak wkkk seem to 

a stractnral dkanid is dot wiock originalr/ obtnned. be original ijtk-centnrj work, and tke west respond 

Tke tower s an adfition w icbnkSng of tke earhr kas abo two beads jppjuendy of cqnai date. Tke 

lOlkcgntnry, nfciifc penad tke rest of tke owDd- impost of tke 




wkere not modem, lirlnniji. In 1702 tke work of orb/ lotk-centmj type, and is endeady 

k is said ID kare been reseated, in 1 7$4 a gallery coeval whk tke pattens on tke two caps to wkkk 

was erected at tke west end of tke nare, and in 18 1 1 leference kas already been made. Tke late date of 

a roaiitk ijlfc ammmt of icpamt seems to bate been tkese seems dear from tkc intiodnoion of a pointed 

Preiiuns to 187* tke exterior was wkke- 'window* as an *"^ in a korizontal 

^^^M^^.MkL " ~f ^m * y f 

- -~r; UiZ riit.n: .:- m '^.~ ?~^^-:~ ~z i r-t~ :c r^ ~;-^..;;-i_ r.r 

tne roof being ionnd to be lopicd witfcont being nndenftood. Tne sontk arcade 

- -"".""': ; " :. ; : - . - ; 7 : , ^ _r :";-;:":; ". - ~ ; r; ^ ; r^ . ~- 

Tke nortk and sontk waDs and on orngonal piers 16 in. in dinnnii > witk monlifd 

bnilt, tke ceifing and gafcty cap* ami ifcimfiiul bases, 96. kigk to tke top of tke 

n mi m - ... J - - - ^* *_ _ _ f . _ - _ fc ->- - 

open Dencncs. cape, am spaced wxtnont reference ID tne pass on tne 




nil 









CHIPPING CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH 




CHIPPING CHURCH : THE NAVE, LOOKING EAST 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



opposite side. The north aisle is 70 ft. 6 in. long by 
1 5 ft. 4 in. wide, and is lit by three square-headed 
windows of four trefoiled lights in the rebuilt north 
wall, with a modern window of three trefoiled lights 
at the east and an old one of four lights at the west 
end. The aisle extends 6 ft. 6 in. west of the arcade 
and formerly possessed, ' near the east end of the north 
wall,' a low side window about I 8 in. high, 8 in. wide, 
and 2 ft. from the ground, 9 which was done away 
with in the restoration of 1872-3, when a small vestry 
was erected at the north end of the aisle on the north 
side. The organ now occupies the east end. The 
south aisle is 68ft. gin. long and 1 1 ft. 4 in. wide, 
and is lit by four square-headed windows of three 
trefoiled lights in the new south wall, and by an 
original window of similar type at the east end, the 
mullions of which have been renewed. The east end 
of the aisle was formerly the Shireburne chapel, com- 
monly known as the Wolfhouse quire from the name 
of the residence of its possessor, 10 and was separated 
from the rest of the church by a low wooden par- 
tition. In the restoration of 1872 a stoup was 
found in the wall. 11 There is a priest's door oppo- 
site the second bay from the east, the principal 
entrance being at the west end opposite the fifth bay. 
West of the door in the south wall is built a plain 
piscina without bowl, and there is another similar one 
in the west wall between the window and the arcade. 
The porch is of stone with gabled roof, the eaves of 
which come close to the ground. In its east wall is 
a small arched recess built into the wall. At the east 
end of the nave roof on the south side is a dormer 
window of five lights, rebuilt in 1873, with stone 
mullions and timber gable. 

The font, which stands at the west end of the south 
aisle near the door, is of gritstone, octagonal in shape 
and of 16th-century date. On each face is a shield, 
three of which are carved with emblems of the 
Passion, and the others with the sacred monogram, 
the initials j. B. and other devices, one side only 
being blank. The stem has eight hollowed sides, and 
on the foot is a series of devices in Gothic letters 
which have been interpreted as A M G + PDT 
(Ave Maria Gratia Plena Dominus Tecum). 12 

The tower is 1 3 ft. square internally with diagonal 
buttresses of five stages and a vice in the south-west 
corner. The stages are unmarked externally by any 
string course and the character of the whole is very 
plain, the walls being of rubble and terminating in 
an embattled parapet with continuous moulding to 
merlons and embrasures and with angle pinnacles. 
The belfry windows are of two trefoiled lights with 
stone louvres but without hood moulds. On the 
north and south sides the walls below the belfry 
windows are quite plain except for a small square 
opening on the north and a clock on the south side, 



CHIPPING 

but on the west side are a pointed door with moulded 
jambs and head and a traceried window of three 
trefoiled lights and external hood mould. The 
tower arch is of two chamfered orders springing from 
moulded imposts and was opened out in 1873, the 
bells being rung from the floor of the church. 

A modern stone pulpit replaces one of wood 
which had a massive canopy and was inscribed with 
the initials of the Rev. Thomas Clarkson, vicar, and 
the date 1723. 

In the restoration of 1872-3 during the removal 
of the whitewash several painted texts were brought 
to light, 13 but these, with an inscription on the east 
face of the central pier of the north arcade, 14 have 
been lost. 

On the face of the east respond of the south arcade 
is a brass 15 to the ' two wyves of Robert Parkinson of 
Fayresnape,' Marie daughter of Jerome Asheton, died 
1 6 1 1 , and Anne daughter of George Singleton of 
Stayninge, died 1623. At the bottom of the 
inscription are a skull and cross-bones and these 
lines : 

' Theire p^rtes theire persons and theire vertvovs lyfe 
Now rest in peace freed from the bond of wyfe.' 

There is a tablet on the south wall of the chancel, 
where he is buried, to the Rev. John Milner, vicar 
1739 to 1777, but the other monuments are all 
modern. They include a brass to the fifteenth Earl 
of Derby, who died in 1893. 

There is a ring of six bells cast by Thomas Mears 
in 1793. 

The plate consists of a chalice of 16012 inscribed 
round the rim ' The Comvnion cupp of y e Churche 
of Chyping in y e County of Lancaster 1602,' with 
the maker's mark R.B. ; and a paten of 1876 by 
Elkington inscribed ' St. Bartholomew's Church, 
Chipping, Easter 1 876.' There is also a bread-holder. 

The registers begin in 1559. The first two 
volumes (1559-1694) have been printed. 16 The 
churchwardens' accounts begin in 1809. Plans of 
the seating 1635 to 1818 have been preserved. 17 

The churchyard, which lies principally on the 
south side of the church and is approached from the 
road by a broad flight of stone steps, was enlarged in 
1863. It contains an old yew tree and a stone 
sundial dated 1 708, inscribed with the initials of the 
churchwardens. The plate bears the name of Jas. 
Hunter, maker, Wappin, London. The oldest 
decipherable dated stone is 1754. 

Originally the church may have 
dDFOWSON been a chapel of Preston, the rector 
of which place claimed the presen- 
tation in 1 240 18 ; but the right of the lord of 
Clitheroe, to whom the manor had been given, seems 
in later times to have been admitted without question, 



9 T. C. Smith, History of Chipping, 
69. The illustration, there given of 
the east end of the church, however, 
shows this window in the east wall of 
the aisle. The illustration is presumably 
correct. 

10 Cf. T. C. Smith, Chipping, 73 (quoting 
Derby MS3.). 

11 Smith, op. cit. 74. 

12 The shields and inscription on the 
font are given, Gent. Mag. 1772, p. 588 ; 
but the shields are placed wrong side up, 
and the small letters of the inscription are 
placed close together instead of being 



separate, and are made larger than the 
shields. For corrections see Baines' Lanes. 
(Croston's edition), iv, 76, and T. C. 
Smith, op. cit. 73. 

13 T. C. Smith, op. cit 70. 

14 It consisted of the name ' Rich. 
Singl(e)ton.' 

15 Formerly on a flag in the floor of 
the central aisle ; Hewitson, Our Country 
Churches, 537. 

16 Lanes. Parish Reg. Soc. vol. xiv 
(1903). Transcribed by Alice Brier- 
ley. 

17 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 76 ; the lists 

23 



1635, 1739, 1769 and 1818 are printed 
in full. 

18 The church being then vacant the 
king claimed to present as guardian of 
the lands and heir of John de Lacy. The 
Prior of Lancaster claimed, but withdrew 
absolutely ; the rector of Preston (Amcry 
des Roches), who alleged that Chipping 
was only a chapel belonging to his church, 
withdrew his claim for a time, until the 
heir should be of age, it being acknow- 
ledged that the lord of Clitheroe had 
presented the last incumbent ; Abbrev. 
Plac. (Rec. Com.), no, in. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



and he and his successors in title presented to Chip- 
ping. 19 Soon after the foundation of the see of Chester 
by Henry VIII this rectory was in 1546-7 given to 
the bishop by the king in exchange for certain lands, 20 
and from about that time the bishop enjoyed the 
profits of the rectory, 21 appointing a vicar. After the 
establishment of the see of Manchester the patronage 
was transferred from Chester, and the Bishop of Man- 
chester now collates. The income of the rectory goes 
to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 

At the end of the I3th century the benefice was 
valued at 10 I p. \d. a year, 22 but forty years later, 
after the invasion, of the Scots, at only $. In 
1341 this was still the estimate, Chipping being 



responsible for 50*. and Thornley for the other 
5O/. 24 ; but by 1535 the estimated value had risen to 
2$ is. 8</. 25 The tithes in 1650 were valued at 
85 5-f. a year, and there were other profits bringing 
the total value to over 126 'before the wars,' of 
which I o went to the vicar ; the officiating 
minister in 1650 had 60 out of the whole. 26 
After the restoration of episcopacy the minister's 
stipend would be reduced to its old amount, but 
in 1720 his income was certified as 36 13*. \d. ; 
the vicar had also the use of the mansion or 
parsonage-house. 27 Grants from Queen Anne's 
Bounty were obtained in 1768 and later. 28 The 
value of the vicarage is now stated as 285. 



The following have been rectors and vicars : 

RECTORS 
Name Patron 

Robert 29 

Peter the Physician 30 The King . . 

William Lawrence 31 . 

Ralph de Aldburne 3a 

Roger 33 



Instituted 

c. 1230 . . 
29 Nov. 1240 
5 Nov. 1241 
oc. 1279 



Cause of Vacancy 



res. P. the Physician 



1 6 Mar. 1326-7 Robert de Langton Queen Isabel ; . 

oc. 1348-58 Gilbert de Marsden 34 

15 Mar. 1368-9 Thomas le Wise 38 Duke of Lancaster . 

oc. 1391 . John Exton 36 

II June 1393 . William Whitewell , Duke of Lancaster . 

I July 1394 . Robert Marshford . .. 

Robert Gowe 

Dec. 1399 . John Maryden 37 The King . . . 

17 July 1421 . John Caton 38 ' ... 

28 Jan. 1441-2 . Lawrence Caton 39 . . . 



d. Roger 



res. W. Whitewell 



res. Rt. Gowe 



res. John Caton 



19 In 1361 it was found that Henry 
Duke of Lancaster had held the advow- 
son ; Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 480, quoting 
Chan. Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. Ill, no. 122. 

* Pat. 38 Hen. VIII, pt. v, quoted in 
Ormerod'g Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 97. 

81 The bishop appears as rector in the 
visitation list of 1554. He came into 
possession on the death of the last rector 
in that year. 

n Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307. 
This 'old taxation' was made in 1292. 

35 Ibid. 327 ; the date in the heading 
is 1334. 

* 4 Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 38. The 
reason given for the reduction, in addition 
to the havoc caused by the Scots, was 
that in the ' new taxation ' the value of 
the glebe and certain tithes, oblations and 
altarage dues had not been reckoned. 

K Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 262. 
The mansion-house and glebe were worth 
Si. a year, the tithe of grain 13, other 
tithes ,3 10.5., Easter offerings, &c., 

8 3*- W- 

86 Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 169, 196, where are 
given particulars of a lease made by the 
Bishop of Chester in 1598 at the rent 
of 25 is. 8</. There were 'a fair 
parsonage house and about 5 acres of 
glebe (great measure), with liberty to get 
turbary, all which is valued to be worth 
7 per annum.' Of the rent named 
,^10 was paid to the vicar, to whom 
in 1647 the Committee of Plundered 
Ministers ordered 50 a year more to 
be paid out of the profits of the rectory, 
it being sequestered from Christopher 
Harris, 'a Papist in arms,' who enjoyed 
the lease in right of his wife. 

It it not clear that the increase in the 



vicar's stipend was maintained ; Plund. 
Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 288. 

27 Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 401. The vicar's stipend was made 
up of 10, the old allowance from the 
bishop, and 21 131. 4<f. from the lessee ; 
surplice fees amounted to ^5. 

23 For particulars see T. C. Smith, 
Chipping, 63, &c. ; lands were bought in 
Dutton and Whittingham. Terriers of 
both rectory and vicarage are printed ibid. 

29 Parson of Chippingdale ; Lane. Ch. 
(Chet. Soc.), i, 165. 

80 Cal. Pat. 1232-47, p. 239. The 
king presented in right of the heir of 
John de Lacy, his ward. 

31 Ibid. 265. 'William the clerk of 
Chipping ' attested a grant to Sawley ; 
Harl. MS. 112, fol. 72^. Also another 
in Dilworth ; Add. MS. 32106, fol. 3 1 1. 
These may be earlier than 1241. 

** In 1 27980 Cecily widow of William 
de la Sale claimed dower in certain 
messuages and lands in Chipping against 
Ralph the parson and other people of the 
place ; De Banco R. 28, m. 64 d. ; 36, 
m. 45 d. In 1281 Pope Martin IV 
notified to the Archbishop of York that 
he had taken under his protection Ralph 
de Aldburne, priest, who had taken the 
cross and intended to go to the assistance 
of the Holy Land. In the margin of the 
register Ralph is described as ' former 
rector of Chipping ' ; Wick-wane's Reg. 
(Surtees Soc.), izi. 

Adam son of Thurstan the chaplain in 
1292 claimed a tenement in Chipping 
held by Simon de Beforton, but was non- 
suited ; Assize R. 408, m. 42. There is 
nothing to show Thurstan's position. 

88 This and some later names are from 

2 4 



Torre's list of rectors ; Archdeaconry of 
Richmond, 1825. 

84 Gilbert was the son of Richard de 
Merclesden or Marsden. He occurs as 
plaintiff or defendant from 1348 onwards ; 
De Banco R. 354, m. 399 ; 360, m. 37 ; 
Sec. He was in 1350 charged with the 
abduction of William son and heir of 
John de Marsden ; ibid. 363, m. 78 d. 

85 The date of presentation is from 
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 387. 
Thomas le Wise, rector of Chipping, is 
mentioned in a pleading of 1 3 7 3 ; De Banco 
R. 452, m. 113. Also in a fine of 1375 j 
Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 188-9. Again in the following year 
he was charged with detaining a box con- 
taining charters ; De Banco R. 462, m. 136. 

36 He had a dispensation from illegiti- 
macy, enabling him to be ordained and hold 
a benefice, and this was extended by Boni- 
face IX in 1391 to enable hi m to hold three 
benefices, &c. ; Cal. Papal Letters, iv, 387. 

37 Raines MSS. xxii, 395. The king 
presented as Duke of Lancaster. It may 
be noted that a Robert Gowe, king's clerk, 
was in 1399 presented to the rectory of 
Wigston and in the following year to a 
canonry at Windsor; Cal. Pi.t. 1399- 
1401, pp. 154, 356. Torre gives his 
successor's name as Marmyon. 

38 Raines MSS. xxii, 397. 

89 Ibid. 409. The feoffees of King 
Henry (as Duke of Lancaster) presented. 
John Caton resigned Chipping for the 
vicarage of Longford (dio. Lichfield), which 
Lawrence Caton vacated. 

Two 'chaplains' occur in the 1 5th cen- 
tury, viz. Thomas Mawdesley in 1427 
and Richard Smethes in 1447 ; Cal. Pat. 
1422-9, p. 365 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 
10, m. 42. 




CHIPPING CHURCH : THE FONT 



Instituted 

oc. 1472-80 
oc. 1481 

30 Apr. 1523 . 
4 Aug. 1530 . 
12 Feb. 1531 



oc. 1562 
8 Feb. 1589-90 
5 Oct. 1616 
c. 1622 . 
1 6 Oct. 1672 
12 Aug. 1692 
23 Dec. 1701 
19 Aug. 1721 
29 May 1738 
19 Feb. 1738-9 . 
ii Mar. 1778 . 
3 Aug. 1779 . 
21 Nov. 1786 
10 May 1807 
28 Nov. 1816 . 
8 Nov. 1864 . 
21 Dec. 1886 . 



Name 

Thomas Swift 40 . . . 
James Straitbarrell 41 
Thomas Mawdesley 42 . 
Thomas Westby 43 . . 
George Wolset, LL.D. 44 



Patron 



VICARS 



John Marsden 45 

Richard Parker 46 Bp. of Chester . 

William Armitstead 47 

JohnKing^ 

Richard White, M.A. 49 .... 

Humphrey Briscoe, B.A. 5 ' ... . 

Thomas Atherton, M.A. 51 . ... . . 

Thomas Clarkson, M.A. 5 -. ... . . 

William Rawstorne 53 . 

John Milner, M.A. 54 

Thomas Pearce, M.A. 55 .... . . 

William Stockdale 56 . . . . .^ 

John Carlisle 57 . . 

James Penny, M.A. 58 .... -. . . 

Edmund Wilkinson 59 . 

Richard Robinson, B.A. 60 .... Bp. of Manchester 

John Birch Jones, B.D. 61 .... 



CHIPPING 

Cause of Vacancy 



d. J. King 
res. R. White 
d. H. Briscoe 
res. T. Atherton 
d. T. Clarkson 
res. W. Rawstorne 
d. J. Milner 
res. T. Pearce 
d. W. Stockdale 



d. J. Penny 
d. E. Wilkinson 
res. R. Robinson 



40 He was in 1472 tummoned to answer 
Hugh Radcliffe regarding a claim for 
8 1 3*. 4< ; Pal. of Lane. Writs Proton. 
I Aug. 12 Edw. IV. In 1480 the Abbot 
of Whalley claimed ,40 from him ; Add. 
MS. 32108, no. 1464. 

41 Acting as trustee he was described 
as 'chaplain' in 1479 and as 'rector of 
Chipping' in 1481 ; Kuerden MSS. iii, 
H 3. He held various other benefices, 
including the rectory of St. Mary-by-the- 
Castle, Chester, 1506-23 ; Earwaker, 
St. Mary's, 79. 

There are full accounts of the rectors 
and vicars from this time in T. C. Smith's 
Chipping, 84-108. Several particulars in 
the following notes have been taken from 
that work. 

The next presentation to the rectory 
was in 1515 granted to James Worsley ; 
L. and P. Hen. Fill, ii (i), 1157. 

43 There was formerly an inscription 
on one of the church windows, asking 
for prayers for the soul of Master Thomas 
Mawdesley, founder of the chantry, and 
his parents, dated 1530; Ducatus Lane. 
(Rec. Com.), ii, 132. 

43 He held various other benefices and 
was one of the king's chaplains (Smith), 
and became Archdeacon of York 1540-3 ; 
Le Neve, Fasti, iii, 134. 

44 This name may be Wolfet or 
Wolflet ; he is noticed further under 
Ribchester, of which parish he became 
rector in 1543. 

At the visitation of 1554 the bishop 
was recorded as parson, and a ' Thomas 
Manstem ' (?), beneficed elsewhere, seems 
to have been in charge. 

45 Alias Marston. Little is known of 
this vicar, recorded at the visitation of 
1562, when he appeared but did not sub- 
scribe. He may be identical with the 
above-named 'T. Manstem.' The will 
of ' Sir John Marsden, clerk, vicar of 
Chipping,' was proved at Chester in 1588. 
An abstract is given by T. C. Smith 
(op. cit.) ; it names 'John Parker alias 
Marsden, my bastard son.' 

46 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. i8. No 
first-fruits were paid by the vicars, but 
the institutions have, when possible, been 
compared with those in the Institution 



Books (P.R.O.), as printed in Lanes, and 
Ches. Antiq. Notes. See also Baines, 
Lanes, (ed. Croston), iv, 79. 

Richard Parker, son of Reynold Parker 
of Greystonelee in Bowland, copied the 
early volume of the registers, in which 
his own baptism (1563) is recorded. He 
was Dean of Amounderness, but was 
described as ' no preacher ' in 1590, and 
again about 1610 ; S. P. Dom. Eliz. 
xxxi, 47 ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, 
App. iv, 9. 

In 1610 it was returned that Richard 
Parker, vicar, had ' but one benefice of 
401. by year, and no vicarage house ' ; 
Chester Consistory Ct. Papers. 

47 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 63. The 
name is otherwise given as Armitsdale. 
Nothing seems to be known of him, but 
the baptism of Margaret daughter of 
William Armistead is recorded 8 Apr. 
1628. 

48 His name occurs in the registers 
from 1625. His burial on 23 Sept. 
1672 is thus recorded: 'John King, 
clerk, minister of God's word at Chip- 
ping for fifty years last past departed this 
life September the twenty-second Anno 
Dom. 1672 and was buried in the south 
side of the chancel in the parish church 
of Chipping aforesaid.' 

In 1624 John King paid 4 %s. to the 
clerical subsidy for Chipping, possibly as 
agent of the Bishop of Chester ; Misc. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 81. 

He accepted the Presbyterian discipline 
without hesitation, for in 1646 he was a 
member of the third classis ; Baines, 
Lanes, (ed. 1868), i, 227. In 1650 he 
was commended as 'an able, orthodox 
divine'; Common*. Ch. Surv. 170. 
He seems to have conformed as readily 
in 1662, remaining at Chipping till his 
death. 

The inventory of his goods (Smith, 
op. cit. 912) shows a considerable farm- 
ing stock, but no books. 

49 Educated at Emmanuel Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1675. Was appointed to Whalley 
in 1694, and died in 1703. 

40 Educated at Jesus Coll., Camb. ; 
B.A. 1689. His will was proved at 
Richmond in 1702. 

25 



41 Educated at Trin. Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1698. He was promoted to the 
rectory of Aughton near Ormskirk in 
1721 (q.v.) 

53 Educated at Queen's Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1714. He became rector of Hey- 
sham in 1735. At Chipping he had 
quarrels with his parishioners. He 
published some books, one being a 
treatise on confirmation. He seems 
to be the 'Mr. Kelly, High Church 
parson,' of a local squib of which a full 
account is printed in Smith's Chipping, 
171-8. 

58 Resigned on being promoted to the 
rectory of Badsworth, Yorks. 

44 Educated at Jesus Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1745. He was a friend and fellow 
worker of John Wesley, and frequently 
mentioned in his diaries. He was also 
one of the king's preachers in Lanca- 
shire. 

55 Educated at Oriel Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1771 ; D.D. 1793 ; Foster, 
Alumni. He became prebendary of 
Chester, rector of Coddington, and then 
of West Kirby, and sub-dean of the 
Chapel Royal. 

54 He was also curate of Samlesbury, 
where he resided. He was a king's 
preacher. 

47 He was also master of Brabin's 
School and king's preacher. In 1790 
there were ' three Sacrament days ' 
yearly ; T. C. Smith, op. cit. 66. 

58 Educated at Brasenose and Hertford 
Colls., Oxf.; M.A. 1784; Foster, 
Alumni. In 1809 he was appointed 
vicar of Preston (q.v.), and retained both 
benefices till death. 

59 ' A man of considerable power and 
influence, an able preacher, and deservedly 
esteemed by his parishioners ' ; Croston 
in Baines' Lanes, iv, 81. He was also 
master of the free school from 1817 to 
1837. 

60 Educated at St. Bees ; B.A. at 
Trinity Coll., Dublin, 1867. Preferred 
to the vicarage of Carlton on Trent in 
1886. 

81 Educated at Lampeter ; B.D. 1889. 
Exchanged Chipping for AH Saints', 
West Gorton, in 1891, 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Instituted 
1891 

1 1 Oct. 1 904 



Name 

George Burwell, M.A. 62 . 
Walter Hudson, M.A. 63 



Patron 
Bp. of Manchester 



Cause of Vacancy 
exch. J. B. Jones 
res. G. Burwell 



A chantry, St. Mary's, was founded by Thomas 
Mawdesley, rector 1 523~3O, 64 and its priest was Ralph 
Parker in I535- 68 Its altar was on the north side of 
the church. 

The free school was established under the will of 
John Brabin, dated i683. 66 

There does not seem to be any record of the normal 
staff of clergy in this parish before the Reformation. 67 
At each of the visitations of 1548 and 1554 two 
names are given, but probably only one was resident, 
and he may have been a domestic chaplain. 68 The 
chantry endowment had perhaps been intended partly 
to secure at least one resident priest. After the rectory 
was appropriated to the bishopric it may be presumed 
that the Bishops of Chester usually took care that their 
vicar should reside, but there is little on record about 
the parish. The vicar of the Commonwealth period 
held the benefice during all the changes ; and another 
noteworthy incident is the hostile reception accorded 
by many of the people to Wesley, when John Milner, 
the vicar, desired him to preach at Chipping. In 
June 1752 Wesley and his friend the vicar returned 
to Chipping from an evangelizing tour, and were in- 
formed that the churchwardens and some others were 
consulting as to the means of preventing Wesley from 
preaching. After an interview they were pacified, and 
Wesley preached in the church without disturbance. 
Next year, however, several of those present stopped 
Wesley by force from officiating ; but a large part of 
the congregation followed him into the vicarage after 
prayers, and he preached to them. 69 

The churchwardens at the visitation of 1753 pre- 
sented the vicar ' for disorderly behaviour in the church 
on Sunday the 4 th of March in the time of divine 
service ; also for absenting himself on several holydays 
and at divers times neglecting to read prayers as usual ; 
likewise for introducing strange and unlicensed preachers 
into his pulpit, contrary to the canon.' 

62 Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1874. Previously rector of All 
Saints', Gorton. 

68 Educated at Exeter Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1898. Previously rector of St. 
Cyprian's, Ordsall. 

64 Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), ii, 1 3 1-2. 

65 Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 263. 
The revenue was only 38$. $d. There 
seem to have been disputes later regard- 
ing the lands, between Hoghton and Shire- 
burne ; Ducatus, loc. cit. ; i, 152. This 
chantry is not mentioned by Raines, 
who gives Ralph Parker as chantry priest 
at Singleton Chapel in 1547. 

The lands of the chantry were sold to 
Sir John Parrott in 1555-6 ; Pat. 2 & 3 
Phil, and Mary, pt. viii. 

66 End. Char. Rep. (1902). For the 
founder and his family see Smith, op. cit. 
140. 'James Remington late school- 
master at Chipping ' was buried there 
15 Sept. 1675. 

67 The rector of Chipping was ad- 
monished for not residing in 1444 ; 
Raines MSS. xxii, 373, 375. 

68 Visit, returns at Chester. 

69 Wesley's Journal, quoted in Baines' 
Lanes, (ed. Croston), iv, 80. 

70 Visit. Returns. 

71 It was printed in 1902, the report 
of 1826 being re-issued with it. The 
following details are derived from it. 



In 1755 it was stated that there were in the parish 
136 families of Protestants and 38 of Dissenters. 70 

An inquiry into the charities was 
CHARITIES made in I9OI. 71 John Brabin, the 
founder of the schools, also established 
almshouses, for which there is now an income of 
ioj 5/., but only part of this is spent upon the six 
almswomen. 72 Edward Helme in 1691 gave land 
now producing ^35 a year for the general benefit of 
the poor. 73 This sum and 16 los. from another 
foundation 74 are distributed in money doles in the 
township of Chipping. For Thornley with Wheatley 
there is an endowment of 9 1 8/. a year, distributed 
in sheets and flannel and skirts. 76 

CHIPPING 

Chipinden, Dom. Bk. ; Chipping, 1242 ; Chepin, 
1246 ; Chipindale, 1258 ; Chipin, 1258 ; the final 
g seldom occurs till xvi cent. Schepin and similar 
forms are found occasionally, 1292 and later. 

The northern boundary at Fairsnape Fell attains 
a height of 1,700 ft. ; thence a spur shoots south, 
terminating in Parlick, 1,416 ft. high. Saddle Fell 
is a minor eminence to the east. From Parlick the 
ground slopes rapidly to the east and south, but land 
over 600 ft. high projects south-east, and on the eastern 
slope of this, close to the boundary, are Chipping 
village and church, beside a brook running south to 
join the sluggish Loud, which rises on Parlick and 
bounds the township on the west (for part of the 
way) and south, curling round a hill 500 ft. high, 
Elmridge. Core is in the north-west corner, and 
Wolfhall, formerly Wolfhouse, in the north. The 
area of the township is 5,634 acres, 1 and it had a 
population of 820 in 1901. 

The principal road is that from Thornley to Chip- 
ping village, going north. Many smaller roads branch 
oft" from it, crossing the township in all directions. 



7S John Brabin in 1683 bequeathed to 
trustees messuages called Goose Lane 
House and Waller tenement for his 
charities, and in the following year the 
trustees bought land called Brow Spring 
and there built the school and alms- 
houses. Woodstow House was bought in 
1686 as part of the endowment and 
Woodscales in Thornley in 1690. The 
school was for the poor children of Chip- 
ping, Thornley and Leagram ; the poor 
to be assisted from the other funds were 
those of Chipping, Thornley and Bleas- 
dale. The present gross income of the 
combined charities is ,259, but most 
goes to the school. 

The almshouses consist of a two- 
storied stone building divided into three 
tenements, each of which is occupied by 
two women, appointed by the trustees. 
Each woman receives 2 8j. a quarter 
and as much coal as she requires. No 
doles have recently been given to poor 
housekeepers. 'The population of Chip- 
ping is decreasing and there are practically 
no poor in the township.' 

78 The estate was the messuage and 
land he had on Helmeridge (Elm- 
ridge), now known as Richmond's 
Farm. 

74 Edward Harrison in 1671 left 30, 
the interest to be distributed to poor 
people in the parish of Chipping Church 

26 



on 21 December in each year. Richard 
Lund alias Cragg in 1676 left another 
30 for like uses, and Henry Barnes in 
1696 bequeathed the residue of his per- 
sonal estate (37 5*.) likewise. Lund's 
gift was for the parish of Chipping, the 
others for the township only. Thomas 
Walbanck in 1732 left 10 for an annual 
sermon at Chipping Church, and 15 
each for such poor of Chipping and 
Leagram as should attend the sermon. 
Marsden's tenement was purchased with 
the combined fund in 1767. The pro- 
perty now owned by the charity consists 
of the Malt-kiln estate, five cottages which 
used to be the workhouse, and a cottage 
and smithy; the gross rent is 17. A 
sum of lOi. is paid to the vicar for the 
annual sermon, and the rest is distributed 
in doles of from is. to 25*. 

Alice Webster in 1742 left 18 for 
poor householders of Chipping and Lea- 
gram, and her brother James added 2. 
This was lost between 1826 and 1862, 
by the bankruptcy of a trustee, as it was 
supposed. 

75 A fund of 220 existed in 1812, 
chiefly derived from gifts by William 
Wright (1711), 160, and Richard Lund 
(as above), 7 los. The capital is in 
Lord Derby's hands. 

1 5,631, including 4 of inland water; 
Census Rep. 1901. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



' Within living memory the district was rich in 
fine ancestral timber ; the oak, the ash, the elm, the 
sycamore, the hazel and the holly find congenial soil ; 
and . . . the alder grows in great abundance in 
" carrs and marshes," although surface draining has in 
recent years much reduced the growth.' 2 

'Teanleas fires' used to be lighted on I May, 
24 June, 3 1 August and i November. 3 

The township is governed by a parish council. 

Among the trades recorded in the parish registers 
of the i /th century are those of gold-beater, glover, 
hat-maker and linen-weaver. In 1825 there were 
cotton-spinners, roller maker and spindle maker. 
More recently lime-burning, iron-working and chair- 
making were the principal industries. The last-named 
continues, but the iron-turning mill was disused about 
twenty years ago. The land is mostly in grazing. 4 
The soil is clay and calcareous earth. 

In 1833 there were cattle fairs on Easter Tuesday 
and 24 August. The fairs are now held on 23 April 
and the first Wednesday in October. 

Ground for a camp and rifle range was acquired 
by the government in 1892. 

In 1066 CHIPPING, assessed as three 
MANORS plough-lands, was a member of Earl 
Tostig's fee of Preston. 5 After the 
Conquest it was granted to Roger of Poitou, and 
became part of the possession of the Bussels of Pen- 
wortham for a time. Henry I in 1102 gave it to 



CHIPPING 

Robert de Lacy, 6 and from that time it continued to 
form a member of the honor of Clitheroe. 7 

The land appears to have been divided among a 
number of holders, but it is not possible to trace the 
origin or descent of these tenements. The most 
important were those of Hoghton of Hoghton, Knoll 
of Wolfhouse or Wolfhall, and the Hospitallers, 
each of them apparently being regarded at one time 
or another as a ' manor.' 

The Hoghton tenement can be traced back to 
1292, when Adam de Hoghton complained that 
Richard le Surreys (Sothron) and others had made 
forcible entry into his several pasture in Chipping. 
The jury, however, found that the defendants had a 
right to common in 20 acres of moor and other land 
which Adam had inclosed by a dyke, and gave a 
verdict for them. 8 In 1313 only the twelfth part 
of the manor is named in a Hoghton settlement, 9 but 
in later times the ' manor ' is spoken of absolutely. 10 
In 1425 the manor was stated to be held of the king 
by a rent of 2/. n ; in the 1 6th century the service 
was unknown. 12 In 1552-6 there were disputes 
between Hoghton and Shireburne of Wolfhouse as 
to the lordship, the command of the waste being of 
importance. It appears that the Hoghton manor- 
house was Black Hall, about half a mile west of the 
church. 12a This manor was sold to trustees for 
Charlotte wife of Lord Strange about i63O. 13 It 
does not appear much later. 14 



1 T. C. Smith, Hist, of Chipping, 3. 

3 Ibid. 6. For 'Mischief night,' the 
eve of May Day, see ibid. 52. 

4 In 1843 about a fourth of the land 
was arable, though little wheat was grown ; 
T. C. Smith, Longridge, 202. 

5 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 288^. Chipinden ' 
or Chippingdale then probably included 
Leagram and Little Bowland, and perhaps 
part of Thornley. 

' Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 382 ; see also 
the account of Aighton. 

1 In the account of the lands of John 
de Lacy in 1241-2 is found a sum of i is. 
from Chipping, and it occurs again in 
1258 ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 156, 217. 

In 1302 John son of Robert del Hall 
held land of the Earl of Lincoln by the 
fortieth part of a knight's fee ; ibid, i, 
319. From later inquisitions it appears 
that this was in Chipping ; Baines, Lanes. 
(ed. 1870), ii, 693, from the Lansdowne 
Feodary. In 1311 Joppe of the Hall 
held a plat of the earl, rendering id. 
yearly, and Thomas son of Kutte did suit 
for his tenement to the court of Clitheroe; 
De Lacy Inq. (Chet. Soc.), i 8, 19. 

Later there are but few tokens of the 
dependency on Clitheroe ; see Lanes. Ct. 
R. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 48, 62. 
In 13563 number of suitors of the courts 
of Clitheroe are named, among them being 
Adam de Hoghton and Adam son of William 
for tenements in Chipping, Richard son of 
Thomas de Knoll for Thornley and John 
de Bailey for Aighton ; Duchy of Lane. 
Assize R. 5, m. 10 d. In a survey made 
in 1445-6 Chipping was stated to be held 
of the king as of his duchy in socage for 
100 solidates of land ; Duchy of Lane. 
Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. 

8 Assize R. 408, m. 53. Earlier than 
this may be a release by the widow of 
William de Moton to Adam de Hoghton 
of her right in the Wetridding, received 
from John de Chipping for a third part 
of the mill ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 1500. 



In 1304 Siegrith or Siota widow of 
Richard son of Margery de Chipping 
claimed dower in lands held by Richard 
de Hoghton, Agnes widow of Adam de 
Hoghton, William de Southworth, Wil- 
liam son of John son of Bimme de Whit- 
tingham, Adam son of Isabel de Whit- 
tingham and Alice his wife and others ; 
also against Robert de Pleasington in 
respect of a sixth part of the water-mill ; 
De Banco R. 149, m. 523 ; 152, m. 38 d. 
For his part Richard de Hoghton sum- 
moned Roger son of Richard son of Mar- 
gery to warrant him ; ibid. 153, m. 124. 

8 Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), ii, 14. 

In 1312 Richard son of Adam de 
Hoghton gave land in Chipping to his 
daughter Margery wife of Thomas de 
Hothersall ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 348. 

Richard de Hoghton was in 1328 de- 
scribed as chief lord when he appeared 
among the defendants to a claim for a 
messuage and lands put forward by Emma 
daughter of William the Ward of Chip- 
ping. Her brother Thomas had succeeded, 
but had been divorced from his wife 
Hawise for consanguinity ; hence his son 
Richard was dispossessed. The other de- 
fendants were William son of Richard de 
Hoghton, William de Greenhulls (Hogh- 
ton bailiff) and Richard son of John de 
Greenhulls; Assize R. 1400, m. 234 d. 

Richard de Hoghton in 1328 granted 
his son William the homage of John son 
of William de Dodhill ; Towneley MS. 
OO, no. 1504. 

10 Final Cone, iii, 3, of the year 1377 ; 
it was settled on Henry, younger son of 
Sir Adam. 

11 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 12 ; 
the inquisition after the death of Sir 
Henry. In later inquisitions in the same 
volume no rent is mentioned nor is a 
'manor' claimed ; ibid. 81, 127-9. 

A messuage, 7 acres of land and 5 acres 
of meadow in Chipping, given in 1407 by 
Sir Richard Hoghton to his chantry at 

27 



Ribchester, were held of Sir Henry de 
Conway by a rent of 6d. ; Inq. a.q.d. 
file 438, no. 26. 

In 1478 Agnes widow of Henry Hogh- 
ton claimed dower in twenty-one mes- 
suages, &c., in Chipping ; Pal. of Lane. 
Writs Proton. 18 Edw. IV. 

12 So in that of Alexander Hoghton, 
1498, and later; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. iii, no. 66 ; xiv, no. 26, &c. The 
manor of Chipping, with fifty messuages, 
water-mill, dovecote, &c., was in 1602 
settled on Sir Richard Hoghton and 
Katherine his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 64, no. 73. This manor was 
included in a general settlement in 1616; 
ibid. bdle. 89, no. 41. 

I2a The bounds of the manor show that 
it covered the whole township ; they went 
up Chipping Brook, Peacock Brook, Carr 
Hey Brook, east to Threapleigh, to Burn 
slack, west to the edge of Bleasdale Hill, 
Mereclough, Broadhead, down Bleasdale 
Brook to the Loud, and back to the 
starting-point. The pleadings are printed 
by T. C. Smith, Chipping, 16-21. 

18 Land in Chipping was held of Richard 
Hoghton in 1622 and of Lord Strange in 
1633; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), 507. In 1626 a court was held by 
Richard Hoghton as lord of the manor ; 
T. C. Smith, Chipping, 22. It appears 
that the manor was purchased out of the 
portion of Charlotte de la Tremouille in 
1629-30 ; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 226. It is not 
named among the estates of Sir Richard 
Hoghton, who died in 1631. In 1642 a 
settlement of the manors of Goosnargh 
and Chipping was made by William Earl 
of Derby, James Lord Strange and Char- 
lotte his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 141, no. 31. 

For other references see Lanes, and 
Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 244, 247. 

14 It is stated to have been sold as 
early as 1641 to James Walmesley and 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



The Knolls of Wolfhouse appear to have been a 
branch of those of Thornley, and in the inquisition 
of 1628 respecting the estate the manor of Chipping 
and the capital messuage called < Wolf house in Shire- 
burne,' with various other messuages, water-mill and 
lands in Chipping, were stated to be held of the lord 
of Thornley by the service of a greyhound, a ' coter,' 
and 3/. rent. 15 One Adam son of Richard de Knoll 
had half an oxgang of land in Chipping in 1280, 
when it was claimed by Ralph de Catterall, 16 and 
the surname appears frequently. 17 Wolfhouse de- 



scended to John Knoll, 18 whose daughter Isabel 
married Roger Shireburne, a younger son of Robert 
Shireburne of Stonyhurst ; and in 1493 the estate 
seems to have been secured by Roger. 19 Roger 
Shireburne, who built the Wolfhouse chapel in 
Chipping Church, 20 died in 1543, his son and heir 
Robert being then fifty-three years old. 21 The family 
remained Roman Catholics at the Reformation, 22 and 
during the Civil War the estate was sequestered by 
the Parliament. 23 Wolfhouse descended to Alexander 
Shireburne, who in 1678 mortgaged or sold it to 



others ; and in 1649 Elizabeth Walmesley, 
widow, held a court baron ; T. C. Smith, 
Chipping, 24, 23. 

16 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxv, 
no. 51, after the death of Robert Shire- 
burne, gent. 

16 De Banco R. 32, m. 24 ; 36, m. 71. 
By an inquiry in 1274 it was found that 
one Roger Haslinghead, hanged for felony, 
had held of Adam de Knoll a messuage 
and half an oxgang of land in Chipping, 
which had been in the king's hands for a 
year and a day ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, 
i, 241. Seisin was accordingly restored 
to Adam ; Cat. Close, 1272-9, p. 90. 

Adam son of Richard de Knoll held a 
tenement in 1292 which was unsuccess- 
fully claimed by Bernard de Hacking ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 42. Adam seems to 
have been living in 1305 ; Assize R. 419, 
m. 4 ; 420, m. 8. Alice widow of Adam 
de Knoll claimed dower in a messuage, 
&c., against Master Richard de Hoghton 
and Agnes de Scophamin 1308 ; while in 
1312 Richard son of Adam de Knoll 
claimed land against Alice widow of 
Adam ; De Banco R. 173, m. 185 ; 195, 
m. 219 d. 

It is said that Robert son of Richard de 
Chipping made a grant of land to Richard 
son of Lewis de Knoll, to whom Roger de 
Whitaker made another gift ; also that 
Henry de Thelwall gave land near the 
Kirk brigg to Richard de Knoll ; T. C. 
Smith, Chipping, 7, 8 (quoting the Derby 
MSS.). 

17 John de Knoll, Richard le Surreys 
and others were in 1292 stated to have 
thrown down a dyke to the injury of the 
free tenement of William de Whitting- 
ham, clerk ; Assize R. 408, m. 61 d. 
John de Knoll, Adam his brother and 
Richard son of John were in 1308-9 
among the defendants to a claim for a 
messuage, &c., made by John son of 
Thomas son of Christiana de Chipping, in 
virtue of a grant from his father, who was 
still living ; Assize R. 423, m. I. This 
John appears to be the ancestor of the 
Knolls of Thornley, according to the 
pedigree in Smith, Chipping, 33. 

John son of Richard de Pleasington 
appeared in 1355 by his custodee against 
Richard son of Richard de Knoll, Ellis de 
Whitlydale, and John son of Richard de 
Knoll, who held a tenement in Chipping 
claimed by him ; Duchy of Lane. Assize 
R. 4, m. 6 d. It was alleged that Robert 
de Pleasington, grandfather of plaintiff, 
had given the tenement to his son Richard 
in the time of Edward II ; for the de- 
fence it was stated that part had belonged 
to Alice wife of Robert and grandmother 
of plaintiff, and that she had given them 
to Richard son of Adam de Knoll and to 
the said Richard son of Richard ; ibid. 
5, m. 27. A grant by Robert de 
Pleasington to Richard son of Adam de 
Knoll in 1313 is in P.R.O. ; Anct. D. 
A 7462. Richard de Knoll of Helme- 



field was plaintiff in 1357; Duchy of 
Lane. Assize R. 6, m. i. 

18 The above-named Richard son of 
Adam de Knoll or Knolls (Knowles) had 
by his wife Cecily sons named Thomas 
and Richard. From a pleading of 1329 
it appears that one Richard son of 
Christiana (perhaps the Christiana de 
Chipping of the note preceding) granted 
a messuage and land to Roger de Wed- 
acre, free for ten years, but subject to a 
rent afterwards. As Roger refused to 
pay this rent, the property was demised to 
Richard de Knoll and his sons, where- 
upon Roger claimed ; Assize R. 427, 
m. i. 

From a confused statement drawn up 
about 1550 (Add. MS. 32106, no. 1086) 
it appears that Richard de Knolls, son of 
William (sic) and father of Lawrence, 
gave Lawrence a moiety of his lordship 
of the town of Chipping in 1329, the 
other moiety descending to Lawrence at 
Richard's death in or before 1 348. In 
the same year John de Knolls, also son of 
Richard, made a feoffment of his lands, 
water-mill, &c., and Emma his widow in 
1373, holding in dower, also granted 
to feoffees, who afterwards gave to Roger 
de Knolls. A release was made to 
Lawrence Knolls in 1446-7. 'John 
Knowles was the son of Christopher 
Knowles and father of Isabel Knowles ; 
which Isabel married Roger Shireburne, 
and they had issue Robert Shireburne, 
which Robert had issue Roger, now 
defendant.' 

Lawrence son of Richard de Knoll 
appears in 1344-7 ; Assize R. 1435, m. 9, 
15, 37. Lawrence in 1348 proved his 
right to a messuage, <fcc., in Chipping held 
by Ralph de Knoll and by Thomas son of 
John de Knoll and Richard and John sons 
of Thomas ; Assize R. 1444, m. 8. 

One Adam de Knoll was in 1360 
charged with an assault on Thomas son 
of Roger de Knoll at Thornley ; Assize 
R. 451, m. 21. 

A John son of Richard de Knoll ap- 
pears to have forfeited his lands for felony, 
as they remained in the king's hands from 
1382 to 1409 (Lanes. Inq. p.m. Chet. 
Soc. i, 72) ; but Thomas son of Roger 
de Knoll alleged that he had purchased 
some or all of the lands in Chippingdale 
after the king's pardon had been obtained ; 
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 3555 xl, 
525. 

From inquiry made in 1425 it appears 
that certain lands of Thomas son of 
Roger son of Lawrence de Knoll had 
been given to his wife Katherine, who 
afterwards married Geoffrey de Warburton 
of Newcroft in Flixton, the reversion 
being to Lawrence son of Thomas ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 9-11 ; i, 73. 

Richard and Edmund sons of Lawrence 
Knoll are mentioned in 1448 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. n, m. 31. Margaret 
widow of Richard Knoll claimed dower 

28 



in 1473 > P a l- f Lane. Writs Proton. 
13 Edw. IV. 

19 Final Cone, iii, 143. 

20 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 73 (from 
Derby MSS.). 

al Ibid. 227, from the Inq. p.m. among 
the Derby MSS. His estate included 
closes called the Knott, Whitacre and 
Birchenlee. The mill and lands in Chip- 
ping were held of the Earl of Derby (as 
of his manor of Thornley) in socaje. 
Roger the son and heir of Robert seems 
to have been married as early as 1523 to 
Margaret daughter of John Bradley. 

Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst 
and Roger Shireburne of ' Millhouse ' in 
1554 agreed that the latter should not 
alienate his estate, and that in default of 
male issue by Grace, then Roger's wife, it 
should go successively to Hugh and 
Henry, Roger's brothers ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 1085. In 1569 there appears 
to have been an exchange of lands, &c., 
in Chipping between Roger Shireburne 
and Thomas Hoghton ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 171, 184. 

From the pedigree printed in Dugdale's 
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 265, it appears that 
the succession was as follows : Roger 
-s. Robert -s. Roger -s. Robert. The 
last-named died in 1627 holding the 
' manor ' as stated in the text, and leaving 
as heir his brother Henry, aged twenty- 
two ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 
51. An agreement between Henry and 
Isabel, Robert's widow, was made about 
the same time ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
1095. From the same pedigree it appears 
that another brother John succeeded and 
sold Wolfhouse to his uncle, John Shire- 
burne, who had a son Robert and grand- 
son Edward, who seems to have died 
young. 

From a fine of 1638, however, it seems 
that the younger John Shireburne trans- 
ferred his manor of Chipping, with water- 
mill, dovecote, various messuages and 
lands, to Richard. Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst, perhaps as trustee ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 133, no. 27. 

Robert Shireburne (father of Edward) 
was succeeded by his brother Alexander, 
the vendor. Various details of the 
descent will be found in Smith, op. cit. 
and Sherborn, Fam. of She r born, 59-66. 

For the Shireburnes of Knott, a branch 
of the Wolfhouse family, see ibid. 114-16. 

22 In 1607 the two-thirds part of Roger 
Shireburne's estate sequestered for recu- 
sancy was granted out by the Crown ; Pat. 
5 Jas. I, pt. i. 

28 In the composition papers it is stated 
that the above-named Isabel widow of 
Robert afterwards married Thomas Helme 
of Goosnargh, and that Robert's lands 
were sold to a William Parker. Parker's 
estate was sequestered for ' delinquency,' 
and the widow was allowed the ,15 a 
year she claimed in 1651 ; Cal, Com. for 
Comp. iv, 2782. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



Christopher Wilkinson 24 ; six years later it was sold 
to William Patten and Thomas Naylor 25 : these 
were probably trustees of Thomas Patten of Preston, 
from whom this manor of Chipping has descended 
through the Stanleys of Bickerstaffe to the Earl of 
Derby. 26 No courts are held. 

The estate of the Hospitallers in Chippingdale goes 
back to early times, and is named in 1 29 2. 27 After the 
Suppression the manors of Haworth and Chipping were 
sold by the Crown to George Whitmore of London, 28 



CHIPPING 

who transferred them to Richard Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst 29 ; this is perhaps the origin of the manor 
claimed by the family. A court was held by Richard 
Shireburne in i69O, 30 and as late as 1825 the manor 
of Chipping was said to be held by Thomas Weld. 31 
Sawley Abbey had land in Chipping. 32 
Of the minor families but little can be stated. 
The earlier surnames include Chipping and Chip- 
pindale, 33 Greenhills 34 some of whose estate seems 
to have passed to Wawne 35 and other parts to 



About the same time John Shireburne 
claimed allowance of his title to the 
manor of Chipping, of which Parker was 
in possession by conveyance from the said 
John in 1641. Parker had granted him 
a rent-charge of 10 a year for life and 
covenanted to provide him in meat, drink, 
apparel and lodging and keeping for a 
horse. Robert Shireburne, the son of 
John, in 1653 begged allowance of his 
title to Chipping Manor, Wolfhall, the 
Knotts, &c., conveyed to him by his 
father, William Parker having unjustly 
intruded thereon. This claim was ad- 
mitted and the sequestration discharged 
as from 24 Dec. 1649 ; ibid, iii, 2300. 

John Shireburne of Staffordshire, pro- 
bably the John who sold to his uncle of 
the same name, complained that his 
estate had been sequestered as to two- 
thirds on the supposition that he was a 
recusant ; but he ' has been and is con- 
formable and was never convicted ' ; ibid. 
2301. 

The will of Robert (son of John) 
Shireburne, dated 1668, bequeathing the 
manor of Chipping, Wolfhall, &c., to his 
brother Alexander is printed in Smith, 
Chipping, 229. 

84 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 201, 
m. in. The estate is described as the 
manor of Chipping, with twenty messu- 
ages, &c., and a water-mill in Chipping 
and Thornley. Alexander Shireburne was 
joined with his wife Frances in the fine. 

28 Ibid. bdle. 212, m. 109. The de- 
forciants were Christopher Wilkinson, 
Ellen his wife, John Shireburne, William 
Banks and Anne his wife. William 
Patten and Thomas Naylor appear as 
trustees for Thomas Patten in a later fine; 
ibid. bdle. 213, m. 8. 

The date of purchase by Thomas Patten 
is given as 6 Feb. 1679-80 in Smith, 
Chipping, 226. 

Some particulars of the later years of 
Alexander Shireburne will be found in the 
work above cited Fan, ofSherborn, 65-7. 
He was a recusant in 1680 ; Smith, op. 
cit. 30. 

36 See the account of Thornley. 

87 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. 
About 1535 the knights' bailiff of Chip- 
ping had a fee of 331. -jd. ; Valor Eccl. 
(Rec. Com.), v, 69. In a rental of 1609 
it is recorded that the Hospitallers had 
held Highfield, &c., of the king as of his 
manor of Chipping by a rent of it.; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132*. 

William Hall, hanged in 1506, had 
held lands in Chipping and Button of the 
Prior of St. John by a rent of 7*. 6d. ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 19. 

28 Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. xxvii. The manor 
was parcel of the preceptory of Newland 
in Yorkshire. 

89 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. There 
were free rents in many townships, lands 
in Claughton and perquisites of courts. 

Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst, 
who died in 1594, had held lands in 



Chipping, but the tenure was not known ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 3. 
After the above-named purchase Richard 
Shireburne (1628) was seised of the 
manors of Haworth and Chipping, but the 
tenure is not stated ; ibid, xxvi, no. 4. 

30 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 23. 

31 Baines, Lanes. Dir, ii, 633. A 
similar statement is made in his later 
Hist, of Lanes, (ed. 1836, iii, 362), with 
the addition that the Earl of Derby had 
recently purchased the manor. 

33 Roger de Lacy gave to John de 
Dinckley (Dunkekanlega) an oxgang of 
land in the vill of Chipping formerly held 
by Alexander de Chipping, a rent of izd. 
being payable ; Harl. MS. 2077, fol. 324. 

John son of Uctred de Dinckley gave 
St. Mary of Sawley Haselhurstridding, and, 
desiring that it should be held free from 
all secular service, charged his oxgang in 
Chipping with any such service due from 
his gift. Confirmations were granted by 
Robert, Gilbert and Alice, the children 
of John de Dinckley. Geoffrey son of 
Richard le Waleys by the above-named 
Alice, who had been tenant of Hasel- 
hurstridding, gave part of Coueracres to 
the monks, the bounds naming Evisbrook, 
Mersyke, Brundeparloc (? Parlick Brow) 
and Covihill. These charters, from Harl. 
MS. 112, fol. 72^, are printed in Whit- 
aker, Whallcy, ii, 483-4. 

The Sawley land, called Helhurst in 
Chipping, was granted by the Crown to 
Sir Arthur Darcy in May 1 538 ; L. and P. 
Hen. VIII, xiii (i), g. 1115 (13). 

33 Several references to them will be 
found in preceding notes. 

John de Chipping gave land to William 
son of Adam de Aula ; T. C. Smith, 
Chipping, 7. In 1280 Cecily widow of 
William de la Sale claimed dower against 
John de Chipping and others ; De Banco 
R. 36, m. 45 d. Siegrith daughter of 
Adam de Chippindale was in 1292 non- 
suited in her claim for a tenement in the 
place held by Thomas de Chippindale and 
John Bimmeson of Whittingham ; Assize 
R. 408, m. 76. At the same time Alice 
widow of Roger son of William de Chip- 
ping claimed as dower the third part of 
three messuages, 24 acres of land and 
8 acres' of meadow held by Robert the son 
of Roger ; ibid. m. 64 d. 

Emma daughter of Richard son of 
Margery de Chipping in 1304 recovered 
an oxgang of land, &c., against Roger the 
son and heir of Richard and William his 
brother, she alleging a grant from their 
father ; ibid. 419, m. 2. 

John son of John del Hall of Chipping 
in 1322 held 10 acres in Chipping by 
the fortieth part of a knight's fee ; Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents, ii, 134. 

In 1336 William son of John de 
Chippindale claimed various plats of 
land against John de Dudhill, Adam son 
of Thomas de Hothersall and Roger le 
Sotheryn (Surreys) ; De Banco R. 306, 
m. 177. 



John son of Adam son of Robert de 
Chipping and Cecily widow of Henry the 
Wright in 1358 obtained a writ concern- 
ing messuages and land in Chipping ; 
Dtp. Keeper's Rep, xxxii, App. 337. 

Margaret widow of Lawrence del Hall 
of Chippingdale in 1402 released her right 
in land in Anstehalgh in Ribchester ; 
Aid. MS. 32106, no. 353. 

In 1506 William Hall held a messuage 
and land in Chipping of the king as of 
his castle of Clitheroe by a rent of i$d. ; 
being convicted of felony in Middlesex 
he was imprisoned at Newgate and after- 
wards hanged ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
iii, no. 19. William son and heir of 
Robert Hall enfeoffed his uncle Roger 
Hall of Gainsborough of all his lands in 
Dutton, Chipping and Chippingdale ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 181. Roger Hall 
was the king's bailiff of Gringley, Notts. 

34 Adam son of Richard de Greenhills 
granted to Sir Adam dc Hoghton all his 
land in Robert's-croft on the eastern side 
of Cresswell Syke, just as he had received 
it by gift of Adam son of Thurstan ; 
Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 54. 

36 John son of John de Greenhill in 
1310 gave to Henry de Dinckley and 
Maud his wife land in Chipping, the 
bounds of which began on the eastern 
side of Mabholm, went down to the 
Loud, ascended this stream to Barton 
Hey, thence north to the Foul outlane as 
far as Diksnape Syke, and southward to 
the starting-point ; Ct. of Wards, box 
13 A, no. FD 27. The same Henry and 
Maud in 1358 obtained land between 
Whitacres and Countes Hey and between 
the Black Moss and Loud ; ibid. no. 
FD 45 ; box 138. These and other 
lands in Chipping, Wheatley, Wilpshire 
and Dinckley seem to have come to 
Richard Hirde and Margaret his wife by 
1418-21 ; ibid, box 13 A, no. FD 24, 16, 
37, 15, i ; box 136. 

In 1455 they were transferred to 
William son and heir-apparent of John 
Wawne (' Wawan ') of Chippingdale, John 
having been son and heir of Margaret 
Hirde ; ibid, box 138; 13 A, no. FD 18, 
28. William Wawne, Elizabeth his wife 
and Thomas his son and heir occur in 
1469 ; ibid. FD 1 1. 

WilliamWawne son and heir of Thomas 
in 1520 gave to feoffees his close or pas- 
ture land called Marebonne, occupied y 
Edward Helme, for the use of Grace, 
grantor's wife, in accordance with an 
agreement between his mother Anne and 
one Nicholas Walmesley ; ibid. FD 30. 
William Wawne, described as ' of Wheat- 
ley,' in 1566 made a feoffment of lands 
in Wheatley, Chipping and Ashley (in 
Whittingham) for the use of his son and 
heir Nicholas; ibid. FD 13. In the 
following year Nicholas married Ellen 
daughter of Edward Sharpies of Osbaldes- 
ton ; ibid, box 138. 

Edmund Wawne son of Nicholas died 
in or before 1592 holding a meisuage in 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Brown 38 Ravenshaw, 37 Surreys 38 and Startevant 
or Sturtevant, 39 with others denoting landowners in 
adjacent townships. 40 Some deeds of the Halton 
family have been preserved by Kuerden. 41 

HESKETH END was long the estate of the Alston 
family, traceable to the time of Edward I. 42 The 
house known by this name is a two-story stone 
building, about l miles south-west of Chipping, 
the front facing south, with a projecting gabled 
wing at the west end. The principal part now 
remaining appears to have been built at the end 
of the 1 6th century by the Alstons, but the building 
was probably originally of greater extent. Some of 
the inscribed stones in the east part have apparently 
been inserted in a rather haphazard fashion and 
suggest the later rebuilding. At the west side is a 
large projecting stone chimney, but the exterior of 
the house, which has a stone slated roof repaired with 
modern blue slates at the back, is chiefly remarkable 
for the lengthy and unique inscriptions which run 
across the front and on the inner return of the west 
wing. These, together with the whole of the front 
of the house, were for a long time very much ob- 
scured by repeated coatings of whitewash, but ir. 
1907 the building was thoroughly restored, the 
whitewash carefully removed and much of the stone 



work re-chiselled. The main front wall was largely 
rebuilt, but the smaller inscribed stones after being 
carefully cleaned were put back in the positions they 
formerly occupied. The interior is almost wholly 
modernized, but there is an inscribed stone in the 
chief bedroom and another in the dairy. It is now 
a farm-house. 

The west wing, which is 17 ft. across, has a 
mullioned window of seven lights with hood mould 
over on each floor and a two-light window in the 
gable, over which is a stone carved with the sacred 
monogram. The inscription runs across the front 
wall above the ground-floor window in double lines, 
and is carved on six separate stones, the wording on 
each stone being complete in itself, as follows, except 
perhaps in the last two stones : 

CESAR CONQVERT AN 
GLIA ANTE CHRIST 58 



BRVTVS ERECTVS LON 
DINV ANTE CHRIST IIO8 

SAXONII CONQVERT ANGLIA 
ANNO DON 447 EPISCOPAT IB 



DANII CONQVERT A 
NGLIA ANNO DOI IOl8 



ANGLIA IN CO ACER FLODDAN AN 1513 

14 SIVE SHIRI ANGL RECEP. FIDM AD 179 

This is continued on four stones along the return 
of the west wing facing east as follows, the end of 



Chipping of Robert Shireburne by a rent 
of 6d. t and 4 acres improved from the 
waste, held of the queen by the hundredth 
part of a knight's fee ; also lands in 
Wheatley and Ashley ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xv, no. 13. His mother Ellen 
is named, and his heir was his younger 
brother Thomas, thirteen years of 
age. 

86 In 1426 a messuage and lands with 
common of turbary were settled on John 
Brown and Alice his wife, with remainders 
to their children Thomas, Richard, Joan 
and Agnes, and in default to the right 
heirs of Christiana de Greenhills, mother 
of Alice ; Final Cone, iii, 91. This Alice 
was perhaps the mother of John Formby 
named in the account of Studley in 
Thornley. 

Evan Brown died in 1545 holding a 
messuage in Chipping, and his brother 
George in 1567 holding of Thomas 
Hoghton by id. rent ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. vii, no. 24 ; xi, no. 4. James 
Brown in 1586 held similarly ; ibid, xiv, 
no. 42. 

87 Stepheji de Ravenshaw contributed 
to a subsidy in 1332 ; Exch. Lay Subs. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 80. William 
son of Stephen de Ravenshaw in 1342 
acquired land and wood in Chipping from 
William de Ravenshaw the younger and 
Alice, his wife; Final Cone, ii, 115. 
William was afterwards outlawed for 
felony, but in 1360 his lands were released 
to the superior lord, Sir Adam de Hoghton; 
D(p. Keeper's Rep, xxxii, App. 341. 

88 The name either as Surreys or 
Sothron occurs frequently in the neigh- 
bourhood. 

Alice widow of Hugh le Surreys re- 
leased to Roger son of Bimme her dower 
right in Boothhurst in Chipping, which 
Hugh had granted to Roger ; Dods. MSS. 
cxlii, fol. 5 6 b. The same Roger, it may 
be added, had a grant of Coppedhurst 
from Emmota de Meluir ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 1495. 

Thomas (son of Hugh) le Surreys in 
1288 claimed land in Chipping against 
Roger gon of William de Chipping and 



John son of Roger ; De Banco R. 72, 
m. 40 ; 89, m. 19. Richard le Surreys 
was defendant in 1292 and plaintiff in 
1301 ; Assize R. 408, m. 64 d. ; 419, 
m. 13. 

89 Robert Startevant of Chipping in 
1304-5 claimed various lands in the 
township as son of Robert son of Bimme 
the White, averring that his father had 
died during a pilgrimage to the Holy 
Land ; Assize R. 419, m. 4 ; 420, m. 9, 
10. Among the defendants were Master 
Richard de Hoghton, Agnes widow of 
Adam de Hoghton, William and Thomas 
de Helme, Roger son of Richard son of 
Margery de Chipping, William son of 
John son of Bimme de Whittingham, 
John de Greenhill and Richard son of 
'John Othegrenehulles.' 

With regard to the surname White it 
may be added that Robert son of Robert 
le Blund in 1246 claimed 6 acres in 
Chipping against John son of William ; 
ibid. 404, m. 3. 

40 Richard de Catterall in 1244 held 
lands of the heir of the Earl of Lincoln ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 1 60. 

The Bartons of Barton long held a close 
called Barton Hey of the Hoghtons, with- 
out any known service ; see, for example, 
Lancs.Inq.p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 8. They occur as early as 1298, in which 
year John de Barton called upon Master 
Richard de Hoghton (as mesne lord) to 
acquit him of service demanded by Henry 
de Lacy Earl of Lincoln ; De Banco R. 1 22, 
m. 62 d. 

Lawrence Starkie died in 1532 holding 
land of the king by knight's service ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 21. 
Disputes between the heirs occurred in 
1540 ; Ducatus Lane, i, 165. The Chip- 
pingdale estate seems to have been sold by 
one of the co-heirs Etheldreda wife of 
Humphrey Newton to Sir Richard 
Shireburne in 1565 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 27, m. 112. 

The tenure of the Chippingdale lands of 
George Kirkby of Up Rawcliffe is not re- 
corded ; they appear to have been sold by 
his brother William to Gabriel Hesketh 

30 



in 1563 ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, 
no. 8 ; PaL of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 25, 
m. 197. This was perhaps the estate 
afterwards held by the Heskeths of Poul- 
ton of Shireburne of Wolfhouse by a 
rent of zs. ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), iii, 364-6. 

Jane Beesley, widow, in 1585 held the 
moiety of a messuage called Peacock Hey, 
&c., but the tenure is not stated ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 24. Francis 
Beesley in 1609 held his lands, &c., in 
Chipping of Richard Hoghton ; Lanes. Inq. 
p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 138-9. 

The tenure of Richard Walton's mes- 
suage (1594) is not recorded ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 42 ; xvii, no. 48. 
That of Joshua Galland (1638) was of the 
king by knight's service ; ibid, xxx, no. 17. 

John Bairstowe of Brownhurst had 
lands in Chipping, 1623-4; Chan. laq. 
p.m. ii, Misc. 515-78. 

41 Kuerden MSS. iii, H 3. The earliest 
deed is a grant by Richard son of John de 
Knoll to Adam son of William de Halton 
of a messuage in Chipping in 1332. John 
Halton appears from 14512 to 1479 and 
Miles his son and heir (who calls James 
Helme 'my uncle') in 1466 and 1477, 
in which latter year John, his son and 
heir, was espoused to Margaret daughter 
of Robert Mason. Miles again occurs in 
1481 and 1497-8 ; and James the brother 
and heir of John Halton, deceased in 
1505-6, was bound to Margaret, the 
widow of John, who had married Nicholas 
Cotton. 

42 The place may have taken a name 
from the Heskeths recorded in the last 
note but one. 

In 1291 Geoffrey son and heir of 
Benedict de Chipping claimed land against 
Christiana daughter of William the Wain- 
wright and John son of William de Alston 
of Helme ; it was alleged that Robert son 
of Benedict de Chipping had demised the 
land to William de Alston; De Banco R. 87, 
m. 3 7. There is little record of the family. 
William and Robert Alston, yeomen, occur 
in 1447 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 10, 
m. 42. 




K 

u 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



the last stone facing the front being carved with the 
sacred monogram : 

ANNO DOMI 1591 ELIS REGI ROB ART ALSTVN 2$ 
REG NO ANNI ETATIS NOSTRE RIC ALSTVN 1VNIOR 5 

A CREACIONE MVNDI 5553 A CONQVES 
TO ANGLIE 524 DEVM TIME REGEM HONOR 

Over the door on the return of the west wing 
facing east is a stone inscribed 

RESPICE FIN EM ET NVNQV 
AM PECCABIS PROXIMVM AMA 

and to the left of this over a small built-up 
window another stone with the name of ' Richarde 
Alstun 53.' On the main south front are other 
inscribed stones, one with the sacred monogram 
between two crosses, another with the fragment 
RIC AVLSTV, and a third ALSTVN HATH INHERITED 

HERE IB 1 8 YER. 

In the bedroom in the east wing an inscribed 
stone reads : 

DEVM TIME 

REGEM HONOR 

PROXIMVM AMA 

HOC FAC ET VIVE 

IN ETERNVM 

and a stone in the dairy has * Fear God and love the 
right.' 

The west wall retains its old rough stone walling 
unrestored and has a small square built-up window 
with the sacred monogram between two crosses on the 
head. Another window has also some ornament in 



CHIPPING 

the head, and the chimney, which is a good one of 
two shafts, has two gargoyles in the angles. 

Richard Alston of Chipping died in 1607 holding 
a messuage and lands there of the king in socage. 
Richard his son and heir was forty years of age. 43 

HELME, now Elmridge, gave a surname to a family 
which spread into neighbouring townships. 44 William 
Helme died in 1597 holding a messuage, &c., of 
Richard Hoghton by a rent of \d. and leaving a 
son Richard, aged twenty-two. 45 Richard died in 
1638 holding of Lord Strange; his son and heir 
William was thirty years of age. 46 Leonard Helme 
died in 1601, but the tenure of his Chipping 
property is not recorded. 47 Another William Helme 
died in 1612, leaving a son James, thirty-nine years 
old ; he also held of Richard Hoghton as of his 
manor of Chipping. 48 James died in 1622, leaving 
a son William, aged twenty in 1633, by which time 
Lord Strange had succeeded Hoghton. 49 

CORE was divided. At one time it seems to 
have been held by an illegitimate branch of the 
Knolls. 50 In later times the most important family 
was that of Parkinson. 51 From them sprang Richard 
Parkinson, Canon of Manchester and Principal of 
St. Bees College, who was born at Woodgates in 

I797- 52 

One of the most notable estates, on account of the 
tenure, was that of the Leylands of Morleys in 
Astley, 53 who held ' of the heirs of William son of 
William son of Maurice ' by a rent of i Sd'. 533 

The following were freeholders in 1600 : Richard 
Austen (Alston), Richard Bolton, Henry Mawdesley 
and Thomas Thornley. 54 The Subsidy Rolls afford 
further information ; thus in 1524 Roger Shireburne 



48 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 108-9. 

Captain Robert Alston, apparently a 
Parliamentarian, occurs in 1650; Royalist 
Camp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 264. 

' The Alstons remained owners until 
1702, when it passed to the Eccles family; 
in 1819 Richard Eccles of Wigan sold it 
to Thomas Cardwell, whose descendants 
now (1893) possess it'; T. C. Smith, 
Chipping, 234, where many particulars as 
to the Alston family are given. 

44 Ralph de Helme occurs in 1332; 
Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), 80. 

Lawrence de Helme and Isabel his wife 
in 1377 obtained from William del Wood 
and Margery his wife a messuage and lands 
in Chipping ; Final Cone, iii, 2. 

A settlement of two messuages, cottages, 
land and wood in Chipping and Helme 
was made in 1553 ; the remainders were 
to Joan then wife of William Lorimer and 
then after her death to Lawrence Helme 
and his issue by Joan then his wife ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 36. 

For a dispute between Alice Helme, 
widow (and others), and Thomas Helrne 
see Ducatus Lane, ii, 227. 

45 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 150. 

With regard to the rent of $.d. it may 
be noted that one Geoffrey de Whitting- 
ham in 1297 held a plat of the waste in 
Chippingdale for which he received that 
sum ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 283. 

44 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 76. 

47 Ibid, xviii, no. 20. 

48 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 213. 
He had other lands in Thornley, Wheatley 
and Lea. 



49 Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 
507. 

50 John Mauldeson of ' Coure,' a minor, 
in 1358 claimed a messuage and land 
against Richard and Adam, sons of Thomas 
de Knoll, as being son and heir of John 
son of Richard de Knoll. It was alleged 
that his father (John son of Richard) was 
born before espousals ; Duchy of Lane. 
Assize R. 6, m. i. 

In 1360 John son of Maud de Coure 
had livery of a messuage and lands seised 
into the duke's hands by reason of the 
felony of John (son of Richard) de Knoll ; 
Dtp. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 347. 

Richard Cover alias Coer, yeoman, is 
named in 1448 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 1 1, 
m. 42. sl T. C. Smith, Chipping, 247. 

A dispute as to lands in Chipping be- 
tween Whitaker and Parkinson is referred 
to in Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 246. 

In 1653 Ralph and Richard Parkinson 
of Chipping petitioned to compound for 
land sequestered by the Parliament for 
the delinquency of their eldest brother 
Thomas Parkinson of Infield in Claughton; 
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3106. 

52 See the account of Manchester Church 
and the 1880 edition of his Old Church 
Clock. He died in 1858. 

53 An estate in Chipping, Thornley, 
&c., was given to feoffees by William 
Leyland and Anne his wife in 1 509 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 1 1, m. 249, 248. 
Part of the estate was held for life by 
Eleanor Holland, widow, and part by 
Robert Thimelby and Margery his wife. 

Sir William Leyland died in 1 547, but 
the tenure of his Chipping lands is not 
recorded ; in the case of Thomas Leyland, 

31 



his son, it is given as in the text and like- 
wise after the death of Edward Tyldesley ; 
Duchy of Lane. 7nq. p.m. xi, no. 20 ; 
xiv, no. 10. In 1621, however, the tenure 
was described as of Sir Richard Hoghton 
as of his manor of Chipping in socage ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), ii, 269. In 
1606-7 a g ran t of lands in Chipping, 
Wheatley and Thornley was made to 
Edward Tyldesley of Astley ; Pat. 4 
Jas. I, pt. xxx. 

It should be added that according to an 
old pedigree (Harl. MS. 1408, fol. 159) 
William Leyland married Anne daughter 
and heir of Alan Singleton, who was the 
descendant of the heiress of Adam de 
Bury, whose estate in the parish is noticed 
under Thornley. The wardship and mar- 
riage of Anne daughter and heir of Alan 
'Singleton were in 1503 granted to James 
Medcalfe ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 

543- 

5Sa Nothing is known of the origin of the 
tenure. William son of Maurice occurs 
in the Pipe Roll of 1 2 1 31 5, when he owed 
401. out of 60*. due apparently for some 
encroachment on the forest or other offence 
against the forest laws ; Farrer, Lanes. 
Pipe R. 251. He also attested a charter 
by Roger de Whitacre, who gave lands in 
Chipping to Reginald ; Dods. MSS. xci, 
fol. 1 6 1. The bounds in this case are of 
interest : Along the lache which falls into 
Summerford as far as the moor and then 
on the west side to the road to the mill 
between Chipping and Wheatley, down 
the road to the Loud, and along this river 
to Summerford. 

54 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
235-6. Some references to the Mawdesley 
family will be found in Ducatus Lane. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



was the principal landowner contributing to the 
subsidy, Robert Alston and Richard Thornley being 
the others. 85 Thomas Sturtivant, Thomas Bolton, 
Robert Alston, Thomas Thornley, Thomas Rodes 
and Christopher Mawdesley contributed for their 
lands in I543- 56 Robert Shireburne, Thomas 
Thornley, Henry Mawdesley, Richard Alston, Roger 
Sturtivant and Richard Bolton were the landowners 
in 1 597." Those in 1626 were : Henry Shireburne, 
Richard Thornley, Richard Parkinson, the heirs of 
Robert Alston, Thomas Boulton and John Sturtivant ; 
James Beesley and a large number of others paid 
-specially as non-communicants. 58 Several 'Papists' 
registered estates in lyiy. 69 The land tax return of 
1789 shows that the Earl of Derby, Sir H. Main- 
waring, and Blundell were the chief landowners. 

An inclosure award was made in l8l2. 60 

The parish church has been described above. 

The Wesleyans made attempts to found a congre- 
gation, but abandoned them about i85o. 61 

The Nonconformists after the Restoration had a 
meeting-place 62 and in 1705 the chapel in Hesketh 
Lane was built. 63 It is associated with the name of 
Peter Walkden, minister from 1711 to 1738, whose 
Diary was published in i866. 64 It was closed in 
1880 and then sold. The Congregationalists had 
another chapel from 1838 to i882. 68 

In 1604 it was reported to the Bishop of Chester 
that an ' old priest ' was harboured in Chipping ; and 
' James Bradley, recusant, [was] reported to be a leader 
of priests to men's houses.' 66 John Bradley, Grace 
Fairclough and Richard Singleton, as recusants, com- 
pounded for their sequestrations in 1630 onwards by 
payment of z each. 67 Little, however, is known 
of the story of the proscribed religion there, and 
the Roman Catholic church of St. Mary, opened in 
1828, seems to be the offspring of the mission long 
before worked from the adjacent Leagram Hall. It 
was served by the Jesuits until 1857 and since then 
by secular priests. 68 



THORNLEY WITH WHEATLEY 

Thorenteleg, 1202 ; Thorndeley, 1258 ; Thorne- 
delegh, 1262. The d in the middle occurs to 1350 
and later. 

Watelei, Dom. Bk. ; Whetelegh, 1227 ; Queteley, 
1258 ; Wetteleye, 1302. 

This township stretches from south-west to north- 
east for over 4 miles along the northern slope of 
Longridge Fell, the highest point within the town- 
ship being about 1,100 ft. The Loud forms the 
north-west boundary ; it falls into the Hodder just 
outside the limits. Wheatley, which anciently was 
the principal member of the township, is now con- 
sidered to be no more than a small area of 55^ acres, 
somewhat south of the centre. The whole town- 
ship measures 3,220^ acres, 1 and in 1901 had a 
population of 313. 

The principal road is that from Longridge eastward 
through the length of the township, which it enters 
about half a mile north of Longridge railway station. 
Passing Cockleach it descends till it comes to the 
Loud, and then for a mile and a half runs near this 
stream, passing between Wheatley on the south and 
Lee House on the north. At Higher Arbour it 
divides, part going north-west, crossing the Loud 2 into 
Chipping, and part ascending eastward past Thornley 
Hall and Bradley Hall, the latter being near the 
boundary of Chaigley. From Thornley Hall a branch 
goes north to cross the Hodder. 

A Roman road is said to have crossed the township 
into Yorkshire, passing near Bradley Hall. 

The township is governed by a parish council. 

Included in the grant of Chipping- 
M4NORS dale in 1102 THORN LET descended 
like Clitheroe. 3 From later records it 
seems that the Osbaldeston family were lords of the 
place. 4 The immediate lordship was held by a 
family using the local name, 5 who were about the 
beginning of the I4th century succeeded by the 



45 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 82. 

56 Ibid. no. 125. 

sr Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 274. 

58 Ibid. no. 317. 

49 James Richmond, Thomas Wilcock, 

John Bolton, James Lowde, John Dew- 
urst, Bartholomew Dilworth, Thomas 
Dobson and James Parker ; Estcourt and 
Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 103, 127. 

60 Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 56. 

61 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 1 80. 

63 During the indulgence granted by 
James II a meeting was set up at Chip- 
ping ; O. Heywood, Diaries, iii, 228. 
Among the Presbyterian parsons and 
their meeting-places' registered in 1689 
was Thomas Whalley for Christopher Par- 
kinson's house in Chipping ; Hist. MSS. 
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 231. This minister 
went to Hindley ; O. Heywood, op. cit. iv, 
309. Christopher Parkinson was probably 
the benefactor of the school. 

68 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 165-80 ; 
Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. ii, 210-17 (a 
view is given). James Bolton left 4.0 
for a meeting-house, ' but when the door 
of liberty is shut ' to poor widows and 
orphans 5 Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc.), 
43- 

64 Peter Walkden was born near Man- 
chester in 1684 and educated at the school 
there. After leaving Hesketh Lane he 
went to Holcombe and then to Stockport, 



where he died in 1769. An account of 
him, with extracts from his diaries and 
papers, may be seen in Trans. Hist. Soc. 
xxxii, 118 ; xxxvi, 15. 

66 Nightingale, op. cit. ii, 220-3. 

66 Visit. P. at Chester Dioc. Reg. 

67 Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 
174, 178. The list of recusants in 
1667-8 is printed by T. C. Smith, op. cit. 
29. See also Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), 
v, 147-9- 

68 Foley, Rec. S. J. v, 339 ; Smith, op. 
cit. 158-60. 

1 3,219 acres, including 3 of inland 
water; Census Rep. 1901. 

2 In 1635 there is mention of a new 
stone bridge built at a place called Loud 
Bridge, where was formerly a bridge of 
Wood, the highway being a frequented 
one ; Cat. S. P. Dom. 1625-49, p. 510 5 
1636-7, p. 333. 

8 See the account of Chipping. In 
1258 rents of 6s. $d. from Wheatley and 
2s. 6J. from Thornley were due to Ed- 
mund de Lacy ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 217. 
The rent of js. due from 'Utteley' in 
1241-2 probably relates to Wheatley; 
ibid, i, 156. 

4 There does not seem to be any evi- 
dence of the manner in which this family 
acquired the mesne lordship. In 1349 it 
was found that the heir of Thomas de 
Osbaldeston held in service one plough- 

32 



land in Wheatley and Thornley, where 
eight plough-lands made one knight's fee ; 
Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1870), ii, 693, quoting 
the Lansdowne Feodary. 

In 1445-6 Richard Balderston held 
Thornley with Wheatley as well as Os- 
baldeston ; Duchy of Lane. Kts.' Fees," 
bdle. 2, no. 20. 

5 The assignment of dower to Iseult 
widow of Robert by Richard son of Robert 
in 1 202 gives the names of several under- 
tenants, including Jordan (probably of 
Wheatley) and Roger de Bradley. The 
mill is named ; also clearings called 
Braderode and Flaxerode ; Final Cone. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 10. 

Ralph son of Adam de Thornley occurs 
in 1262 ; ibid. 137. He was living in 
1292, being then engaged in several suits. 
As chief lord of Thornley common of 
pasture was claimed against him by John 
son and heir of John de Knoll in respect 
of 40 acres of wood, it being alleged that 
Ralph had disseised plaintiff's father ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 33d. Ralph on his 
part alleged that he had a right to grind 
his demesne corn at John de Knoll's mill 
in Thornley quit of multure ; ibid. m. 53. 
At the same time Richard son of William 
de Thornley was non-suited in a claim 
against Robert son of Thomas de Sales- 
bury for a tenement in Thornley ; ibid, 
m. 76. Richard de Thornley appears in 
1302 ; ibid. 418, m. 13. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



family of Knoll or Knolls 6 ; as early as 1302 John 
de Knoll held of the Earl of Lincoln the eighth part 
of a knight's fee in Thornley and Wheatley. 7 John 
shortly afterwards acquired two messuages, 2 oxgangs 
of land, &c., in Thornley, which had been granted by 
Thomas son of Hugh le Surreys to John son of 
Jordan de Mitton. 8 In 1319 Thomas son (and heir) 
of John de Knoll called upon Thomas de Osbaldeston 
as mesne lord to acquit him of the service in respect 
of a tenement in Wheatley claimed by the Earl of 
Lancaster ; 9 and Osbaldeston claimed the custody of 
the manors of Wheatley and Thornley, Thomas de 
Knoll being a minor, because John his father had 
held by knight's service. 10 

Thomas de Knoll died between 1350" and 1354, 



CHIPPING 

his widow Margaret and son Richard having the lord- 
ship in the latter year. 1 * Richard and his brother 
Adam were defendants in 1358 against a claim by 
John Maudson of Core. 13 From later deeds it appears 
that Adam ultimately inherited ; he had three sons 
Richard, John and Adam. 14 Richard repudiated his 
wife and married another, but on trial this was 
decreed unlawful and he had to return to his first 
spouse. She bore him two sons, Miles and Gerard. 15 
The former had a daughter Margaret, who married 
John Singleton, 16 and the latter had a son Richard, 
whose son John Knoll was the heir male, when, 
about 1500, Thomas first Earl of Derby purchased 
the manor of Thornley. 17 From the rental of 
152 3-4 it appears that a rent of <\.s. \d. was due 



Alice wife of John de Sedbergh and 
her sisters Christiana and Agnes were 
non-suited in 1292 in a claim against 
Ralph son of Adam de Thornley ; Ralph's 
daughter Avice is named ; ibid. m. 33. 
One of the sisters may have been the 
Christiana widow of Robert del Town 
who in 1304. claimed dower against 
Ralph de Thornley; De Banco R. 151, 
m. 203 d. Ralph seems to have called 
upon John de Knoll for warranty ; ibid. 
154, m. 31. Alice widow of William 
del Town was defendant in 1351 ; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. I, m. v d. 

In 1316 Margery daughter of Richard 
Francey* of Ribchester demised land in 
Thornley in Chippingdale to Adam son 
of Hugh de Clitheroe ; it had been given 
to her for life on her marriage with Adam 
son of Ralph de Thornley ; Towneley 
MS. DD, no. 1182. 

6 Ralph de Mitton made complaint 
against Richard de Knoll and others of 
the neighbourhood in 1253 ; Curia Regis 
R. 150, m. 20 ; 151, m. 22, 25 d. 

There were disputes between John de 
Knoll and Hugh le Surreys in 1277-8, it 
being adjudged in the latter year that John 
had thrown down part of Hugh's ditch in 
Wheatley (3 rods justly and 6 rods un- 
justly), 6d. damage being awarded ; Assize 
R. 1235, m. 13 ; 1238, m. 31 d. 

A claim by John son of John de Knoll 
in 1292 has been mentioned. He also 
claimed common of pasture against John 
son of Jordan de Mitton, giving his pedi- 
gree as son and heir of John, brother and 
heir of Richard (s.p.), son and heir of 
Richard de Knoll ; Assize R. 408, m. 55 d. 
The family therefore held some land in 
the township as early as the middle of the 
i 3th century. 

7 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 319. The 
mesne lord at the time is ignored. 

8 The charter from Mitton to Surreys 
is in De Banco R. 89 (1291), m. 19, and 
has been referred to in the account of 
Chipping. 

John son of Jordan dc Mitton appears 
in Thornley as plaintiff in 1305, the de- 
fendants being John and Adam sons of 
John de Knoll and others ; Assize R. 
420, m. 9 d. 

The two messuages and 2 oxgangs of 
land seem to have been acquired by John 
de Knoll from John de Mitton and Alice 
his wife about 1308 ; De Banco R. 171, 
m. 23d. In reply to the claim of John 
de Mitton in 1308-9 John de Knoll, here 
styled 'lord of Wheatley,' averred that 
the 2 oxgangs were in Wheatley, and not 
in Thornley ; Assize R. 423, m. i d. 
Hugh de Salesbury and William son of 
Hawise de Livesey were also defendants. 

In 1310 Thomas son of Hugh le 



Surreys, called to warrant John de Mitton 
and Alice in respect of the estate, sum- 
moned Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincoln 
to warrant him; De Banco R. 183, 
m. 374. 

The connexion of the Surreys family 
is shown in later pleas. Agnes widow of 
Thomas le Surreys in 1335 claimed dower 
in certain lands in Wheatley in Thornley 
against Amabel widow of Thomas de 
Osbaldeston, but the defendant produced 
a charter of Roger son of John de Mitton 
(1332) granting the lands to Thomas and 
Amabel for life or eleven years ; ibid. 
303, m. 9. Agnes also made claims 
against Roger, Hugh and John, sons of 
John de Mitton ; in reply Hugh and John 
said they held jointly with their wives, 
Agnes and Cecily ; ibid. 303, m. 9 d. ; 
311, m. 206. 

9 Ibid. 229, m. 151. Thomas de Knoll 
was doomsman of Wheatley and Thornley 
at the court of Clitheroe in 1323 ; Lanes. 
Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 48. 

10 De Banco R. 230, m. 34 d. 

John de Knoll appears to have had 
other issue, for in 1347 there was a suit 
respecting a messuage and lands in Thorn- 
ley which were successfully claimed by 
William son of Richard son of Robert le 
Walsh and Cecily daughter of Robert de 
Hyde of Alston against Richard le Walsh 
(the father of William), John (son of 
John) de Knoll and William his son. 
The plaintiffs alleged a grant by Richard ; 
Assize R. 1435, m. i6d. 

11 In 1338 Roger son of John de Mitton 
granted to Thomas de Knoll part of his 
land and waste in Wheatley Wood in the 
vill of Thornley ; Towneley MS. OO, 
no. 1010. Among the witnesses were 
Richard son of Adam de Knoll and 
Richard son of John de Knoll. The 
land seems to have been exchanged for 
Ramscloughgreen ; Kuerden fol. MS. 
p. 212, no. 366. 

Thomas de Knoll was on the com- 
mission of the peace in Blackburn Hun- 
dred in 1345 ; Cal. Pat. 1343-5, p. 510. 
He was lord of the town of Thornley 
in 1350 when Thomas son of Richard de 
Bradley claimed common of pasture as to 
100 acres of moor against him, Margaret 
his wife, Richard his son and John son of 
John de Knoll; Assize R. 1444, m. 4 d. 

12 At Easter 1354 William son of 
Richard son of Robert le Walsh claimed 
common of pasture in respect of 161 acres 
against Richard son of Thomas de Knoll 
and Margaret widow of Thomas, who had 
the lordship, also against Adam de Knoll 
and Reginald his brother. The claim 
succeeded, it being shown that a suffi- 
ciency of pasture had not been left ; 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 3, m. j. It 

33 



appears from later records that Adam 
and Reginald were younger sons of Thomas 
de Knoll. 

18 Ibid. 6, m. i ; see the account of 
Chipping. 

14 This account of the descent is taken 
from depositions recorded about 1500; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. ion. 

15 Final Cone, iii, 90, being a fine in 
1425 settling the manor of Thornley with 
lands and wood in Chipping, Wheatley and 
Aighton on Richard Knoll and his sons 
Miles and Gerard and male issue. Miles 
Knoll was living in 1446 ; Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 9, m. 33. 

16 There was a settlement of the manor 
by John son of Christopher Singleton and 
Margaret his wife in 1479 ; Final Cone. 

ii' 137- 

The claims of Margaret appear to have 
met with much opposition. Thus in 
1483 Stephen Knoll claimed the manor 
against John and Margaret Singleton by 
virtue of a settlement on Richard son of 
Thomas de Knoll and Joan his wife, with 
remainders to Adam and Reginald, 
brothers of Richard, in default of male 
issue. Reginald had sons John and 
William, the latter being succeeded by a 
son John and a grandson George, through 
whom apparently Stephen claimed ; Pal. 
of Lane. Writs Proton, file I Ric. Ill ; 
Plea R. 58, m. 6. 

John Singleton in 14878 demised 
Thornley to Sir Alexander Hoghton tor a 
year ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 49^, no. 3. 

*7 In 1479 Robert Wilkinson and 
Thomas Newton gave a bond to Thomas 
Lord Stanley as to the manor of Thorn- 
ley ; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1007. It 
does not appear how their title came, but 
Robert Wilkinson in 1482 released his 
title in the manors of Thornley, Wheatley 
and Aighton, with various lands, &c., 
late of John Knolles ; ibid. no. 1008. 
They were, therefore, probably the heirs 
or trustees of one of the John Knolls of 
the text. Later still, in 1503 John the 
son and heir of John Newton, then of 
Towas [?Towcester], Northants, released 
his right (by inheritance) in the manor to 
Thomas Earl of Derby ; ibid. no. 1006. 

The earl's purchase of the manor from 
Christopher Singleton, son and heir of 
Margaret (widow of John Singleton) 
daughter of Miles Knoll, took place in 
1499 ; ibid. no. 1003-4. Margaret 
Singletoi was living in 1503 and 1504; 
Def. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 544 ; Final 
Cone, iii, 154. About the same time 
Roger Shireburne and Isabel his wife, 
heiress of the Wolfhouse branch of the 
Knoll family, appear to have released 
their right in the manor and lands ; ibid, 
iii, 155. 



. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



to the king and izd. to the Prior of St. John of 
Jerusalem. 18 

The manor descended like Knowsley until 1600, 
when William the sixth earl sold it to Baptist Hicks 
of London, 19 who in turn sold it to Michael Doughty 
of Lathom,* one of the clerks of the kitchen there." 
Henry Doughty and his son William took part against 
the Parliament in the Civil War, and the estate was 
sequestered and afterwards sold. 2 * As in other cases, 
part or the whole was recovered for the family. 
John Doughty, the eldest son, who died in or before 
1 647,** left two daughters, Mary and Susan.* 4 The 
former married Thomas Patten of Preston, who died 
in 1697, leaving as heir his daughter Elizabeth wife 
of Sir Thomas Stanley of BickerstafFe. 25 By this 
marriage the manor has descended to the present Earl 
of Derby in the same way as Bickerstaffe. 26 Manor 
courts are still held once a year. 27 

THORNLET HALL, sometimes known as Patten 
Hall, stands at the foot of Jeffrey Hill on the north side 



of Longridge Fell, and is a plain two-story house very 
much modernized, but retaining some ancient features. 
Over the doorway is the inscription ' B. O. Michael 
Dovghtie 1605,' and in the dining-room over the 
mantelpiece is a small cupboard on which are the 
initials of Elizabeth and Mary Patten and the date 
1709. All the windows are modern sashes and the 
house has little architectural interest, but the front 
lay-out is effective with balled gate piers, low fence 
wall and a tall clipped yew tree close up to the 
building rising to the level of the eaves. 

WHEATLEY was in 1066 the important part of 
the township, being named in Domesday Book as 
assessed at one plough-land.* 8 In later times it is 
sometimes named before Thornley and sometimes 
after it, as at present. Occasionally Wheatley appears 
to have been regarded as a separate manor. 29 

BRADLEY was held by the Hospitallers, 80 the 
tenants being a family assuming that name, 31 who had 
lands also in Chaigley and neighbouring townships. 



18 Rental in the possession of Lord 
Lathom. The following tenants paid the 
'gressum' due every eighth year : Mar- 
garet Alston 19*., Alexander Bradley 

-245. 4</., Thomas Burne js., wife of 
Thomas Dilworth ioj., Richard Kilworth 
8*., Henry Dicconson ios., Richard Eccles 
1 31. 4</., Ughtred Huddersall js. t Richard 
Marsden 151. lid., Edward Rodes ios. t 
Thomas Rodes 8s., Christopher Sower- 
butts ioj., John Thornley 14*. <)d., Robert 
Wilkinson zos., &c. The rents of free 
tenants amounted to 22s. yd., of tenants 
at will 22 4-r. iod., the demesne yielded 
jCio (to which was added the rent of a 
close in Chaigley lately purchased, viz. 
ioi. and 6d. instead of a stone of cheese), 
the commuted ' works ' of the tenants 
1 8*. 6d., the turbary of Withinreap 
i8i. iod. The gross return from the 
manor was given as ^44 izs. yd., but 
many allowances had to be made. No 
courts had been held. A payment of q.d. 
called 'Juger sylvere ' was made yearly 
to the bailiff of Blackburnshire at the 
court held at Clitheroe. 

19 Towneley MS. OO, no. 1013-16. 
In 1602 the earl sold lands, &c., in 
Chipping and Bosden in Bowland to 
Baptist Hicks, who in 1606 sold the same 
to Michael Doughty ; ibid. no. icoi-2. 

20 In Feb. 1602-3 Baptist Hicks of 
London transferred to Michael Doughty 
of Lathom, Cecily his wife and Henry 
his eldest son the manor of Thornley, late 
the inheritance of Ferdinando Earl of 
Derby; OO, no. 1000. From a later 
fine, however, it seems that in 1609 Sir 
Baptist Hicks acquired the manor of 
Thornley and messuages and lands in 
Thornley, Chipping and Bosden from 
Thomas Lord Jillesmere and Alice his 
wife, Countess of Derby (i.e. widow of 
Ferdinando) ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 75, no. 18. For the countess's 
right see Ducatus Lane, (Rec. Com.), iii, 
323 352,458. 

21 Stanley Papers (Chet. Soc.), ii, 23, 
1 06, &c. Michael Doughty represented 
Preston in the Parliament of 1589 and 
Liverpool in that of 1593; Pink and 
Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lanes. 146, 184. 

A pedigree of Doughty of Thornley 
will be found in the Visit, of 1613 (Chet. 
Soc.), 64. Henry Doughty paid 10 on 
refusing knighthood in 1631 ; Misc. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 217. 

22 Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 256-68. It appears 



that Henry Doughty the father about Aug. 
1648 'took up arms against the Parlia- 
ment and fled away with the Scots forces 
under Duke Hamilton ' ; ibid. 266. Other 
sons, Henry and Michael, are named. 

Henry Doughty's estate was sold in 
1652 ; Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 41. 

23 Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 257. His 
widow Elizabeth daughter of Serjeant 
Robert Callis was claiming under her 
marriage settlement of 1641. A mort- 
gage by Henry Doughty (the father of 
John) of the manor-house of Thornley, 
called Thornley Hall, is named. No 
' delinquency ' seems to have been alleged 
against John Doughty. 

24 In a fine respecting the manor of 
Thornley, with lands, water-mill, &c., in 
Thornley, Chipping, Goosnargh and 
Witton in 1684 the plaintiffs were 
William Patten and Thomas Naylor and 
the defendants Thomas Patten, esq., Mary 
his wife and Susan Doughty, spinster ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 213, m. 8. 

25 See the account of Bickerstaffe. 
Thomas Patten, a barrister, was the 
eldest son of William Patten of Preston ; 
see pedigree in Gregson's Fragments (ed. 
Harland), 185 ; Preston Guild R. 

Thomas Patten represented Preston in 
the Parliament of 1688 as a Whig ; Pink 
and Beaven, op. cit. 156. 

26 The manors of Thornley and Chip- 
ping were held by successive Earls of 
Derby in 1738 and 1776 ; Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 549, m. 5 ; 623, m. la. 

27 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 46-52, ex- 
tracts from the old Court Rolls being given. 
From a record of the boundaries of the 
manor in 1808 they seem to have been 
those of the township. On the border of 
Dutton were a stone called the White 
Stoup and a group of stones called the 
Cripple Oak. 

28 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 2 88. Cf. the tene- 
ment of Osbaldeston in 1349 as already 
recorded. 

A family named Wheatley occurs. Thus 
in 1227 Jordan de Wheatley obtained 
from Eve widow of William de Edisford an 
oxgang of land in Wheatley, which was to 
descend to Jordan's heirs by his late wife, 
sister of Eve ; Final Cone, i, 50, 60. 

29 In 1612 William Helme (see Chip- 
ping) was said to have held lands in 
Thornley and Wheatley of Edward Tyldes- 
ley, as of his manor of Wheatley, by 2s. $d. 
rent ; Lanes. Inq.p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches,), i, 213. See also note 8 above. 

34 



80 i \vheatley ' is named in the list of 
the Hospitallers' estates in 1292 ; Plac. de 
Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. In 1 294 the 
Prior of St. John complained that John de 
Knoll had rescued certain cattle impounded 
at Thornley ; De Banco R. 103, m. 26. 

In a Stidd rental of 1609 a rent of 
zs. lod. ia entered as due from John 
Rodes for a tenement in Thornley, and 
one of6d. from John Hurst (lately Edmund 
Wall or Wawne) in Wheatley ; Kuerden 
MSS. ii, fol. 132*. 

81 Adam son of Adam de Bury appears 
to have held the ' manor of Bradley ' in 
1246, when he sold it to Thomas rector 
of Slaidburn ; Final Cone, i, 102. The 
bounds extended from the Loud to Long- 
ridge and from Bradley Syke to Bradley 
Brook. This may have been only a feoff- 
ment in trust, for in 1262, when Ralph 
son of Adam de Thornley acquired from 
Robert de Bradley 100 acres of wood in 
the township, Adam de Bury * put in his 
claim,' as did also the Prior of St. John 
of Jerusalem and John de Knoll ; ibid. 
137-8. The bounds began at the place 
where Bradley Brook fell into the Loud, 
went up the brook to the Veu Viver, 
thence west to Bradley Syke, down this to 
Ramsclough and so down to the Loud. 
Hugh le Surreys charged Robert de 
Bradley in 1278 with breaking his pound 
at Thornley ; De Banco R. 23, m. 37 d. 
Thomas le Surreys in 1289 complained 
that Robert had cut down trees in Thorn- 
ley in contravention of the above agree- 
ment ; Abbrei'. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 219. 

A Roger de Bradley of 1202 has been 
already mentioned. In 1278 Robert de 
Bradley had some dispute with Ralph son 
of Adam de Thornley; Assize R. 1238, 
m. 33d. The same parties appear to 
have been again at variance in 1292 ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 54. 

From Richard son of Robert de Bradley 
dower in Thornley, Aighton and Chaigley 
was in 1313 claimed by William de 
Huyton and Emma his wife, in right of 
her former marriage with Thomas de 
Bradley ; De Banco R. 201, m-. 69 d. In 
1332 Richard and Robert de Bradley con- 
tributed to the subsidy ; Exch. Lay Subs. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 82. Richard 
de Bradley, perhaps another of the name, 
was one of the chief inhabitants in 1341 ; 
Iny. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 38. 

Thomas de Bradley in 1389 acquired a 
messuage and land in Thornley from 
John son of Thomas son of Roger de 




THORNLEY WITH WHEATLEY : THORNLEY HALL 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



A pedigree was recorded in I $6j. 32 Thomas Bradley 
died in 1564 holding the capital messuage called 
Bradley Hall with 60 acres of 
land, &c., in Thornley of the 
queen as of the late priory of 
St. John of Jerusalem in Eng- 
land by a rent of 4/. 33 John, 
his sun and heir, then thirty- 
six years of age, died in 1597, 
leaving three daughters as co- 
heirs, viz. Ellen wife of John 
Osbaldeston, Elizabeth widow 
of Thomas Talbot and Jane 
wife of Francis Ducket, aged 
respectively forty, thirty and 
twenty-eight years. 34 It de- 
scended to the heirs of 
Alexander Osbaldeston 
(i66o), 35 and from them 
was purchased in 1764 by the Earl of Derby. 3 




BRADLEY of Bradley. 
Sable a Jesse engrailed 
argent^ in chief a mullet or 
between two crosses formy 
Jitchy of the second all 
ivithin a bordure en- 
grailed of the same. 



CHIPPING 

STUDLET is also named in the records, though it 
has now disappeared from the map. The Greenhills 
and Sowerbutts families were connected with it. 37 
Studley also occurs as a surname. 37 * 

Apart from these estates there is but little record 
of the landowners of former times. As in Chipping, 
the Leylands of Morleys and their successors had 
lands in Thornley, Wheatley and Studley, held of 
the Earl of Derby in socage. 38 The Wawne family 
held their land in Wheatley of the Crown as of the 
dissolved priory of St. John of Jerusalem by a rent of 
1 2</. 39 ; and Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst in 
acquiring the Hospitallers' manors and lands in Stidd 
and Chipping acquired therewith rents and lands in 
Thornley, Wheatley, Studley and Cockleach. 40 John 
Rodes, another landowner, also held of the Hos- 
pitallers. 41 

One or two other names occur. 42 John Bradley 
and John Rodes contributed to the subsidy of 1524 
in respect of their lands. 43 The widows of John 



Chipping and Cecily his wife ; Final Cone. 
iii, 35. In the following year he was a 
juror ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 41. 
Robert Bradley attested a Thornley deed 
in 1441 ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 53^. 
John Bradley of Chipping, Robert son of 
John Bradley of Chaigley and Miles the 
brother of Robert occur in 1445 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 8, m. 33. Robert Bradley 
was concerned in the manor of Thornley 
in 1479 ; Final Cone, iii, 137. 

John Bradley of Thornley was con- 
cerned in a rescue of impounded cattle 
in 1521, which seems to have led to 
great disturbance ; Duchy Plead. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 88-93. J oan 
the widow and John the son of John 
Bradk-y of Bradley Hall in Thornley were 
defendants in a plea of debt in 1538 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 167, m. 16. 

Joan wife of Thomas Crombleholme 
and sister of Henry Bradley of Chipping 
in 1420 received from the feoffees lands 
in Ribchester, Thornley and Wheatley, the 
remainders being to, Christopher son of 
Thomas and Joan and to Joan' s right heirs ; 
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 224. 

88 Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 38 ; the descent 
is thus given : John -s. Thomas -s. John, 
who had three daughters. The younger 
John had a brother Thomas Bradley, who 
acquired part of the manor of Silverdale. 

88 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 37. 

34 Ibid, xvii, no. 28. There is in it 
recited an indenture dated 1590 by 
which John Bradley granted the rectory 
of Warton to feoffees, for the use of 
Thomas Talbot and Elizabeth his wife as 
to one moiety, and of John Osbaldeston 
and Ellen his wife as to the other moiety. 
See Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 53, 
m. 170. 

85 The heir of John and Ellen Osbal- 
deston was Edward their son, living in 
1613 ; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 84. In 1611 
it was found that Thomas Osbaldeston, 
outlawed for murder, had a life annuity 
of 20 from Bradley Hall and other 
lands of John Bradley, late of Beetham 
in Westmorland, recently in the posses- 
sion of John Osbaldeston, next of Ellen 
his widow, and in 1611 of Edward 
Eccleston of Prescot parish ; Lanes. Inq. 
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 179. 

The following fines relate to it : 1658, 
Anthony Munson and Frances his wife, 
deforciants of the manors of Bradley and 
Balderston ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 
162, m. 16. 1726, Nicholas Starkie v. 



Alexander Osbaldeston, manors including 
Bradley; ibid. bdle. 298, m. 4. 1763, 
the manor of Bradley and messuages in 
Bradley, Thornley and Chaigley, the plain- 
tiff being William Turner and the deforci- 
ants David Sturgeon, Jane his wife, Richard 
Shuttleworth, William Bartlett and Eliza- 
beth his wife ; ibid. bdle. 370, m. 66. 

36 Information of Mr. J. J. Hornby. 

37 The feoffees in 1441 regranted to 
John Formby his lands, &c., in the vill 
of Studley, a hamlet of Thornley, with 
remainders to his daughters Alice and 
Joan in equal shares for life, and then to 
Thomas Greenhills the cousin and heir- 
apparent of the said John, with remainders 
to Margaret and Isabel, sisters of the 
said Thomas, and then to Alice, mother 
of John Formby ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 
53/>. John in 1444 made a formal affirma- 
tion that Thomas Greenhills was the heir of 
the land he had from his mother Alice; ibid. 
fol. 546 ; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1213. 

William Sowerbutts of Studley re- 
leased to Thomas Lord Stanley in 1458 
certain lands in Studley and Wheatley ; 
ibid. no. 1009. Robert Sowerbutts in 
1482 released to William son of Henry 
Hoghton all his right in certain lands in 
Studley and was re-enfeoffed ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 350; Towneley MS. DD, 
no. 1869. Richard Sowerbutts was a free- 
holder in 1600 ; Misc. (Rec. Soc.), i, 235. 

37a In 1357 John de Studley claimed a 
messuage and lands in Wheatley against 
Henry de Dinckley and William son of 
Richard the Smith ; Duchy of Lane. 
Assize R. 5, m. 8 d., i d. 

38 See the account of the Leyland 
tenement in Chipping and the references 
there given. In 1621 Edward Tyldesley's 
estate was held of Michael Doughty as of 
his manor of Thornley ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 2619. 

89 An account of the Wawne or Walne 
family has been given under Chipping ; 
the tenure recorded is in Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xv, no. 13. See also the 
Hospitallers' rental of 1609 quoted above. 

In 1409 Agnes widow of Robert Moton 
gave her daughter Alice wife of John 
Wawne the elder a tenement in Wheatley, 
the bounds of which extended from the 
Loud on the north to Studley Brook on 
the south, and part of another tenement 
between Studley Brook and Longridge, 
which had descended to the grantor on 
the death of her sister Alice, a daughter 
of William the Smith ; Anct. D. (P.R.O.), 

35 



A 12063. The latter tenement was known 
as the Birks in 1525, when it was held 
by Robert Wawne, William Sowerbutts 
being occupier; ibid. A 13467, 13473. 
Lower and Higher Birks are now shown 
on the map to the south of Wheatley. 

For a dispute between Wawne and 
Sowerbutts see Ducatus Lane . (Rec. Com.), 
iii, 163, 179. 

40 Thornley Hall, &c., as part of Stidd 
was included in the grant to George 
Whitmore and others ; Pat. 9 Jas. I, 
pt. xxvii. It was sold to Shireburne in 
1613 ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. See 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 4. 

Sir Richard Shireburne had in 1573 
purchased a messuage, &c., in Wheatley 
and Thornley from Richard Alston ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 35, m. 101. 
Richard Shireburne in 1586 purchased 
messuages and lands in Thornley, Wheat- 
ley and Studley from Robert Newsham and 
Elizabeth his wife ; ibid. bdle. 48, m. 27. 

41 See the rental of 1609 above cited. 
John Rodes was a freeholder in 1600 ; 
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 235. 
In 1631 the same or a succeeding John 
paid ^10 on declining knighthood ; ibid. 
217. 

For the Rodes family see T. C. Smith, 
Chipping, 251-3. 

48 John del Woodscholes received lands 
in Thornley in 1316-17; Dods. MSS. 
cxlix, fol. 58. John son of Robert del 
Woodscholes was plaintiff in 1351; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. i, m. v d. In 1546 
Elizabeth Rodes, widow, was plaintiff in 
a fine respecting Woodschole howe and 
lands, &c., in Thornley, the deforciants 
being Thomas Johnson alias Tomlinson 
and others ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 12, m. 293. 

In 1574 a settlement was made of a 
messuage, &c., in Wheatley and Thornley, 
by Robert Aytough, Joan his wife, William 
Ambrose, Ellen his wife (to whose heirs it 
was to remain), Agnes and Frances Eccles ; 
ibid. bdle. 36, m. 121. 

Sir Richard Hoghton in 1 630 held land 
in Thornley, but the tenure is not stated ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 13. 
Some appears to have been sold by Sir 
Henry Hoghton in 1772 ; Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 615, m. 7 d. 

Thomas Shireburne of Heysham in 
1635 held land of Henry Doughty as of 
his manor of Thornley ; Towneley MS. 
C8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1083. 

43 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 82. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Bradley and William Rodes so contributed in i 543 44 
and John Rodes in 1597, in which year Thomas 
Wawne was in ward to the queen. 45 John Rodes 
and William Wawne paid for their lands in 1626, and 
many others paid as non-communicants. 46 Thomas 
Bourne paid 10 on refusing knighthood in l63i. 47 

James Bradley 48 and Ellen Wilkinson, 49 recusants, 
had two-thirds of their estates sequestered during the 
Commonwealth. Thomas Eccles of Thornley, as a 
'Papist,' registered his estate in 1717, as also did 
Stephen Dilworth. 50 The land tax return of 
1787 shows that the following were chief land- 
owners : Lord Derby, Robert Rhodes and Roger 
Kenyon. 51 

Archbishop Sancroft about 1685 purchased farms 
in Thornley called New House and West House, and 



gave them to augment the stipends of the vicar of 
Blackburn and the curates of the chapels of ease. 52 

A decree concerning the wastes of Thornley, 
Wheatley and Studley was made in the time of 
James I. 53 

The only place of worship is St. William's Roman 
Catholic church, Lee House, founded by the above- 
named Thomas Eccles in I738. 54 He gave it to the 
English Franciscans, and on their approaching ex- 
tinction in 1826 the secular clergy took charge for a 
time ; but owing to a dispute between the Rev. 
Francis Trappes and the vicar apostolic the chapel 
was closed from 1841 to i859- 55 Since then it has 
been served by the English Benedictines. 56 In the 
churchyard is the base of an old cross removed from 
the road between Chipping and Longridge. 57 



RIBCHESTER 



RIBCHESTER 
DILWORTH 



Ribchester proper, together with Dutton and Dil- 
worth, is in the hundred of Blackburn, but the re- 
maining township is in Amounderness. The area of 
the whole, including Stidd, is 8,437 acres, and the 
population in 1901 was 5,912. 

The history of the town goes back to Roman times, 
numerous vestiges of its former occupation still re- 
maining. 1 Camden says that the inhabitants used the 
following proverb in his time 2 : 

It is written upon a wall in Rome, 

'Ribchester was as rich as any town in Christendom.' 

Before the Conquest the whole formed part of Earl 
Tottig's Preston fee, and was within the hundred of 
Amounderness. During the I2th century one part 
seems to have been included in the honor of Clitheroe, 
and thus Ribchester, Dilworth and Dutton became 
transferred to Blackburn Hundred, the other town- 
ships, Alston and Hothersall, remaining in Amounder- 
ness. 3 Ecclesiastically there was no change ; the parish 
was in the diocese of York, archdeaconry of Richmond 
and deanery of Amounderness. 

The mediaeval history is obscure 4 ; the resident 
lords and landowners are scarcely known. Leland 
about 1 540 made the following notes : ' Ribchester 
is a seven miles above Preston on the further ripe 
of Ribble as Preston is. Ribchester is now a poor 
thing ; it hath been an ancient town. Great squared 



DUTTON 

ALSTON WITH HOTHERSALL 

stones, vaults, and antique coins be found there : and 
there is a place where that the people fable that the 
Jews had a temple.' 5 The Reformation left traces in 
the prosecution of recusants, some of the gentry and a 
large portion of the yeomanry remaining faithful to 
the Roman Catholic religion. 6 Thomas Cottam, a 
native of the parish, was executed for his priesthood 
in 1582. Though the Civil War passed over with 
few sequestrations, the Jacobite rising of 1715 re- 
ceived much support. Thomas Hothersall of Hother- 
sall was outlawed for his part in it, as were Robert 
Daniell and another ; while Jonathan Winckley and 
Thomas Shuttleworth, both of Alston, were executed. 
In more recent times the parish has remained 
comparatively isolated. The manufactures are small ; 
wood-turning, cotton-weaving and quarrying employ 
the people. The agricultural land is employed 
almost entirely for pasture, as the following return 6a 
shows : 



Arable 
land 
ac. 



Permanent 

grass 

ac. 



Woods and 

plantations 

ac. 



Ribchester, Dutton, 

Hothersall 
Longridge, Alston, 

Dilworth . 



3 
36 

39 



82 



7,059^ 422^ 



44 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 125. 
** Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 274. 

46 Ibid. no. 317. 

47 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 217. 48 Royalist Camp. Papers, i, 217. 

49 Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3200. The 
guardians of John Wilkinson, the heir, 
procured a discharge, the sequestration 
having been made in error. John was 
grandson of Ellen Bradley. 

50 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non- 
jurors, 136, 150. Edward Eccles was a 
recusant in 1668 ; Smith, Chipping, 30 ; 
also 254-8, and Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), 
v, 152. 

51 Land tax returns at Preston. 

52 Abram, Blackburn, 282 ; End. Char. 
Rep. for Blackburn, 1904. 

83 Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 276. 



54 T. C. Smith, Chipping, 160-5 ; 
Thaddeus, Franciscans in Engl. 159. The 
first priest-in-charge Germain Helme 
(usually called Holmes) of the Garstang 
family was arrested on suspicion in 1745, 
during the Young Pretender's rising, and 
died a prisoner in Lancaster Castle the 
following year ; Gillow, Bibl. Diet, of Engl. 
Cath. iii, 25964. 

65 Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), iii, 139. 
The disputes were carried to the Roman 
courts and decided in favour of Fr. Trappes. 

S6 Trans. Hist. Soc. (new jer.), xiii, 169. 

47 T. C. Smith, Longridge, 200. 

1 The Chester brook or Castel brook 
named in some of the local charters pro- 
bably commemorates the Roman citadel ; 
see l-'.C.H. Lanes, ii, 519; also Watkin, 
Roman Lanes. ; Shortt in T. C. Smith, 
Ribchester ; Garstang, Roman Ribchester ; 

36 



Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xvii, 189; 
xviii, 197 ; Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc, 
vii, 229 ; xvii, 235. 

2 Britannia (ed. 1695), 750. 

3 About 1350 'the Sigrop clough be- 
tween Ribchester and Hothersall ' was 
' the division between Amounderness and 
Blackburnshire ' ; Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 
425. 

4 In the time of pestilence 1349-50 
the Archdeacon of Richmond alleged that 
100 men and women had died in the 
parish of Ribchester, and he was allowed 
probate dues amounting to 335. q.d. ; 
Engl. Hist. Re-v. v, 529. 

8 I tin. iv (i), 22. 

6 T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 60-5, gives 
details and lists of names for the I7th 
century. 

6a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905). 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



The last perambulation of the parish took place in 
l82 9 . 7 

To the county lay of 1624, founded on the old 
fifteenth, when Blackburn Hundred paid 100, Rib- 
chester and Dilworth paid ^3 i \s. ^d. and Dutton 
i i is. i ojr/., while Alston and Hothersall in Amoun- 
derness paid l 3/. ii-Jrf 1 . a total of 6 los. if</. 
from the whole parish. 8 

The government was formerly in the hands of ' the 
gentlemen and Twenty-four,' the records going back 
to i638. 9 At present Ribchester and Dutton have 
each a parish council ; Alston and Dilworth form the 
urban district of Longridge. 

The hearth tax returns of 1666 show that Rib- 
chester and Dilworth together had 124 hearths liable; 
the largest house was Ellis Cottam's with five hearths, 
one house had four and three had three. Mr. Richard 
Townley's house at Dutton had five hearths, another 
had four, and there was a total of sixty-one in that 
township. 10 

Thomas Pennant in his journey to Alston Moor 
in 1773 visited this place to see the antiquities. He 
says : ' We crossed the New Bridge, an elegant struc- 
ture of three elliptical arches. A quarter of a mile 
beyond stands Ribchester, a poor village, formerly a 
famous Roman station : on its north-east side it is 
bounded by a little brook, on the south-east by the 
River Ribble, both which annually make great encroach- 
ments on the place ; the last especially, which has 
crossed from the other side of the vale and threatens 
ruin by undermining the banks on which the village 
stands : a row of houses and some gardens have already 
been swept away.' After describing the Roman re- 
mains, and speculating on the possibility of the tide 
having once ascended as high as Ribchester, Brock- 
holes being at that time its limit, he names some of 
the old halls of the neighbourhood, remarking that 
'they all stand on the edge of the bank, embosomed 
once by thick woods of oak, which flourished greatly 
on the steep slope.' n 

The church of ST. WILFRID stands 
CHURCH on the south side of the town, about 
100 yds. from the right bank of the 
Ribble, which here, taking a big bend, flows south 
for about half a mile below Ribchester Bridge. The 
building consists of chancel with small north vestry, 
nave with south aisle and north chapel, south porch 
and west tower, and occupies part of the site of the 
Roman station, the line of the north wall of which 
passes through the churchyard on the north side. 

The building belongs substantially to the I 3th cen- 
tury, and has many points of resemblance to the church 
of Whalley, which was erected about the same time, 
though the dimensions are smaller and there is no north 
aisle to the nave. The work would probably be in 
progress during the middle of the first half of the 
century, when the building would assume its present 
shape, with the exception of the north chapel, porch 
and tower. It probably then terminated with a gable 
at the west end surmounted by a bell-turret, and so 
remained till some time in the I4th century, when the 
chapel and porch were added. Nothing then seems 



to have been done till the end of the I 5th century, 
when the west tower was built and the plan assumed 
its present shape. Considerable changes, however, 
took place in the appearance of the building during 
the next century, when the old steep roofs of both 
chancel and nave were taken down, the chancel walls 
raised and the present roofs erected. The appear- 
ance of the aisle was entirely altered by the insertion 
of new square-headed windows and the walls probably 
raised, and it is even possible that the aisle walls were 
entirely rebuilt at this time, though the rough character 
of the masonry makes it difficult to be sure of this. 
The line of the former steep roof to the nave is still 
clearly distinguishable on the east face of the tower, 
and its pitch suggests that the original aisle wall must 
have been considerably lower than at present or that 
the nave and aisle were under one roof. There seems 
never to have been a clearstory, the nave originally 
having enough light in all probability from the west 
end as well as from the north. There are records of 
repairs done to the fabric in the I7th and i8th cen- 
turies, the two ugly dormer windows on the south 
side of the nave roof probably belonging to the former 
period. The chief work of repair was done in 
1685-6 and in 1711, when the fabric was twice 
beautified, 12 and in 1736 the west gallery was erected. 
After this little seems to have been done to the build- 
ing till 1830, when it was repaired and new seats put 
in. Two windows in the south aisle were renewed some 
thirty years later, but no real restoration took place 
till 1 88 1, when the chancel was taken in hand. The 
rest of the building remains in a more or less neg- 
lected condition, the walls being covered with yellow 
wash, obscuring much of the mediaeval detail, which 
in other parts is spoilt by paint and varnish. 

The chancel, in common with the rest of the church, 
is faced with rubble masonry, and the north wall was 
partly rebuilt in the restoration of 1881. Its internal 
dimensions are 40 ft. in length by 21 ft. in width, 
and the floor is 6 in. below that of the nave, the 
east end of the church thus losing something in 
dignity when viewed from the west, the sanctuary 
being raised by only one step, thus bringing it to the 
general level of the floor of the church. The roof is 
new with three wood principals, the tie-beam at the 
east end cutting awkwardly across the top of the 
window. The east wall is faced on the interior with 
rough stone, but the other walls are plastered above 
the string which goes round the chancel at the height 
of the window sills. The east window is the original 
13th-century one of three lancet lights I ft. 10 in. in 
width, splaying out on the inside to 5 ft. There are 
two original lancet lights also in the south wall 1 5 in. 
wide, splaying to 4 ft. on the inside and with a depth 
of 2 ft. 3 in., and remains of a third may still be seen 
from the inside. There have been two similar windows 
at the east end of the north wall, one of which still 
remains, opening into the vestry, the door to which 
is cut in the wall through the lower part of the 
second, the head of which may be seen above. West 
of these windows the north chancel wall appears to 
have been always blank as at present, except for a 



7 T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 73. 

8 Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 

2 3- 

9 Smith, op. cit. 160-73. A petition 
for exemption from serving on the 



Hothersall in 1639, is printed in Pal. 
Note Bk. iii, 43. 

10 Lay Subs. Lanes, bdle. 250, no. 9. 

11 Downing to Alston Moor, 92-100. 

12 Churchwardens' accounts quoted by 



Twenty-four, sent in by John Ward of T. C. Smith, Hist, of Ribchester, 92-9. 

37 



' 1685. For beautifying the church, 
3 i Of. 1686. P d to y e masons for 
hewne work and for waiting and getting 
stones, 3 31. lod. 1711. For beauti- 
fying the church, 3.' 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



small opening about midway in its length 10 in. wide 
by I 5 in. high with a pointed head, and 3 ft. 6 in. 
from the floor. The outside of the wall having been 
rebuilt no trace of an opening now appears on 
the exterior, but the wide splay on the interior 
seems to show that it answered the purpose of a 
low side window directed on to the altar. In the 
1 4th century a good deal of alteration appears to have 
taken place on the south side of the chancel, the 
sedilia and piscina being of that date, together with 
two windows ; one a wide three-light opening near the 
east end replaces the second lancet and the other of 
two-lights at the west end with low transom forming 
a lychnoscope or low side window. The first of these 
14th-century windows, the lights of which were low 
with cinquefoiled heads under a wide pointed arch 
with foliated circular tracery, has been entirely re- 
newed, but the original jambs and traceried head of 
the western two-light window remain, though the 
mullion and transom are modern. The south door- 



stone corbel 5 ft. above the floor, probably for an 
image, but now unoccupied and broken at the top, 
and in the south-west corner is preserved a sepulchral 
slab 4 ft. 3 in. long, though imperfect at the top, with 
incised ornament and sword. The chancel arch is 
pointed and of two chamfered orders, springing from 
circular moulded imposts and semicircular shafts below, 
with fillet on the face and bases with the water 
moulding. The bases, however, have been a good 
deal restored, and rest on a plain chamfered plinth 
running along the west side of the chancel back to 
the north and south walls. The small vestry on the 
north side of the chancel and all the fittings are 
modern. 

Externally the chancel has a plain chamfered 
plinth now below the level of the surrounding 
ground, and flat buttresses of two stages. The heads 
of the east window are quite plain without hood 
moulds, and the gable has been repaired at the top 
and a modern apex cross erected. The roof is 



S CENTURY 
14S CENTURY 
152 CENTURY 
16 T 4 CENTURY 
I] MODERN 




SCALE or FEET 



PLAN OF ST. WILFRID'S CHURCH, RIBCHESTER 



way is the original 13th-century one with a simple 
pointed arch with external hood mould springing 
from moulded imposts slightly above the level of an 
external string course which goes round the chancel. 
The sedilia and piscina appear to have been inserted 
subsequent to the three-light window, if the present 
stonework of the latter exactly represents that which 
it displaced, as they break awkwardly in front of the 
opening. They are, however, of 14th-century date, 
the sedilia being triple with semicircular heads and a 
half-semicircular arch at each end dying into a scroll 
moulding string course which forms a square head to 
the sedilia and piscina. The piscina has a segmental 
head and two bowls with floreated sinkings. The 
13th-century string which runs the length of the 
north and east sides is cut away under the first lancet 
on the south side against the returned 14th-century 
scroll moulding. In the east wall the string and the 
sills of the windows have been renewed. To the 
north of the east window is a semicircular moulded 



covered with stone slates and has overhanging eaves. 
The raising of the walls has greatly injured the 
appearance of the chancel on the south side, spoiling 
the proportions of the windows by reason of the long 
stretch of blank walling above. The line of the 
former high-pitched chancel roof, the eaves of which 
were level with the top of the windows, can still be 
seen on the east wall of the nave. 

The nave is 61 ft. by 24 ft. and consists of four 
bays, with south arcade of four pointed arches of two 
chamfered orders, carried on octagonal piers with 
moulded caps and bases, and similar responds at 
each end. The floor is flagged and the roof is 
divided into eight bays by nine oak principals, the 
two end ones against the walls and the middle one 
having a tie-beam and short pieces down the walls 
carried on corbels. The others are merely collars 
with shaped pieces under, and the roof does not seem 
to have been at all altered since its erection in the 
1 6th century except by the insertion of the two great 




R.IBCHESTKR CHURCH FROM THE SoUTH-EAST 




RlBCHESTER CHURCH : THE NAVE LOOKING EAST 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



dormer windows on the south side which break into 
it awkwardly, the principals being still in front of 
each window with a space above the rafters where 
the line of the roof is raised. A moulded wall plate 
now whitewashed runs round the building, on a por- 
tion of which at the north-west corner is the date 
1527 in Gothic characters. 

The south aisle is 10 ft. 6 in. wide and has three 
square-headed windows on the south side, the eastern- 
most of which is modern, a three-light modern 
pointed window at the east end, 13 and a small two- 
light window at the west. The south doorway is in 
the west bay and is a good piece of 13th-century 
work, now unfortunately painted and varnished, with 
pointed arch of two moulded orders, square chamfered 
inner jamb and outer shafts with moulded capitals 
and bases. The door is modern, probably of i8th- 
century date. The aisle retains its original 16th- 
century oak lean-to roof with shaped wind braces, 
and its east end is occupied by what is known as the 
' Hoghton choir ' or chapel, inclosed by an oak screen 
probably of early 16th-century date but much 
restored. It has eleven openings with traceried 
heads on the north side and eight on the west, with 
an embattled cornice. The chapel is now filled with 
square pews. 

The porch has a pointed 14th-century arch of two 
orders with wave moulding springing from moulded 
imposts, and with external hood mould and moulded 
jambs. The gable, however, is quite plain above, 
and the roof in common with all the roofs of the 
church has overhanging eaves and is covered with 
stone slates. The walling is of rough stone with 
large angle quoins. There is a small window on 
each side and a wood bench on the west side. In 
the south-east corner is an altar tomb cut from a solid 
block of stone with three shields, one of which bears 
the arms of Hoghton. 14 

On the north side the nave is open, for something 
like half its length at the east end, to the north 
chapel, but west of this is a built-up doorway 
3 ft. 6 in. wide. The rest of the wall is blank, 
except for a square-headed three-light window under 
the roof inserted in the 1 6th century when the wall 
was raised. Externally the north nave wall retains 
its two original angle buttresses with gabled heads 
and a portion of the former west wall of the building 
above the straight joint in the masonry showing 
where the north wall was raised when the old steep- 
pitched roof was removed. 

The north chapel, or ' Dutton choir,' is 34 ft. by 
14 ft. and is open to the nave on the south side by 
an arcade of two pointed arches of two plain 
chamfered orders with hood moulds on each side, 
springing from a central pier of three clustered shafts 
with large circular moulded cap, and from half-round 
responds at each end with moulded caps and bases. 
The terminations of the outer chamfer over the pier 
on both sides are ornamented with roughly carved 
heads, but the arches and shafts, as well as all the 
other stonework in the chapel, are much spoiled by 
repeated coats of whitewash and paint. The chapel 



RIBCHESTER 

has a separate gabled roof, and on the western gable 
are the remains of a bell-turret. The wall plate on 
the south side is carried over the tops of the arches 
by four stone brackets, and there is one rough 
principal to the roof which is plastered under the 
spars. At the east and west ends the chapel is lit 
by two good 14th-century windows with moulded 
jambs and mullions, traceried heads and external 
hood moulds. The north wall has a square-headed 
window of three trefoiled lights and a i 3th-century 
lancet with inner arch on corbels, probably re-erected 
here from the north wall of the nave when the chapel 
was built. The piscina which remains at the end of 
the south wall has a moulded segmental head and jambs. 

The west tower is 13 ft. 6 in. square inside and 
has a projecting vice in the south-east corner. The 
western buttresses are of seven stages, set square and 
finishing just above the sill of the belfry windows. 
The tower is faced with rubble masonry with quoins 
at the angles and is very plain in character, its stages 
being externally unmarked. On the north and south 
sides the walls are blank below the belfry except for a 
small square-headed window to the bell-ringing stage. 
The belfry windows are pointed and of three lights 
with tracery in the head, external hood mould and 
stone louvres. The walls finish with an embattled 
parapet and string course, and there is a clock on the 
east side facing the village. The west door has a 
pointed arch with continuous moulded jambs and 
head, and above is a three-light window similar to 
those in the belfry. The tower arch is of two 
chamfered orders, the outer one dying into the wall 
at the springing, but the lower part is now filled by 
a wooden screen with turned balusters at the top 
and a modern door. The upper part of the opening 
is hidden by the organ, which occupies the west 
gallery. This gallery, which is described in the 
faculty of 1736 as 'for the use of the Singers of 
Psalms/ has a plain 18th-century wood front grained 
and varnished, and is approached by a staircase on 
the north side within the tower. 

The font is of 14th-century date, and stands in its 
original position near the south door. It is octagonal 
in plan with straight sides and chamfered angle shafts 
dying into a splayed plinth, and has a flat wood top. 
Like the south door it has unfortunately suffered from 
successive coats of paint. 

The pulpit is of oak and octagonal in plan, with 
pilasters at the angles, richly carved panels and pro- 
jecting cornice carried by shaped brackets. On the 
door are the date 1636 and the initials of Christopher 
Hindle, vicar, and attached to it is an oak reading- 
desk, probably of equal date, forming a two-decker. 

The seating is composed principally of modern 
straight- backed benches, but some of the 1 8th-century 
square pews still remain, two in the nave having the 
name or initials of Jas. Dewhurst and the date 1761. 
Another in the north chapel has the initials R C A and 
the date 1729. 

There is a little old stained glass in the head of the 
east window of the north chapel, but it has been 
spoiled with paint on the inside. 15 



13 These two modern windows hnd been 
recently erected' in 1869; W. A. 
Waddington, Sketches on the Calder and 
Ribble. 

14 This stone is mentioned as being in 
the chancel in 1877 (Dobson's Rambles 



by the Ribble, ii, 108), but Mr. Smith says 
that in 1890 it was 'nowhere visible' 



15 In the windows were formerly 
memorials of John Talbot and Isabel his 



(Hist, of Rite/tester, 205). Canon Raines wife, and of Thomas Lenox (Lynalx) 

in 1850 speaks of it as in the north and Elizabeth his wife, together with the 

chapel } Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc. xxii), Lynalx arms ; Whitaker, Whalley (ed. 

472. Nicholls), ii, 459 n. 

39 






A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



There are mural monuments to the Rev. B. T. 
Haslewood, rector (d. 1876), Jonathan Openshaw of 
Hothersall (d. 1882) and the Rev. F. E. Perrin, 
rector (d. 1885). 

In the south-east corner of the north chapel is the 
base of an old cross. In the north chapel also is an 
ancient tombstone now bearing an inscription dated 
1689. 

There is a ring of six bells by Mears of White- 
chapel, all dated 1821, but hung in the following 
year. In 1650 the 'curfew' was rung at 4 A.M. and 
8 P.M. It is still rung in the evening. 16 

The plate consists of a chalice of 1777, another of 
1815, and a plated flagon and paten made by Richards 
of Birmingham, 1826. 

The registers begin in 1598. The first volume 
(1598-1694) has been printed by the Lancashire 
Parish Register Society. 17 The churchwardens' 
accounts begin in i65O. 18 There was formerly a 
parish library, dating from 1684, but it was dispersed 
more than fifty years ago. 19 

The churchyard lies principally on the north, south 
and west sides of the church, and is entered through 
gates, near the south-east corner, from the village. 
It was enlarged in 1870 when the old burial-ground 
was closed. To the south of the chancel is a stone 
sundial raised on six square steps, the plate of which 
is missing, but the shaft, which is probably of 17th- 
century date, forms a very picturesque feature in the 
exterior view of the building. The oldest dated 
gravestone is 1696. 



A church has existed here at least 
ADVOWSON from the end of the i 2th century. 20 
Like the manor, the advowson be- 
longed to the Lacys, lords of Clitheroe, 21 and descended 
to the Earls and Dukes of Lancaster, and so to the 
Crown. In 1546 the rectory was granted to the 
newly-created bishopric of Chester, in part exchange 
for other lands, 22 and a vicarage was ordained to 
which the bishop collated. 23 The rectory is now in 
the hands of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and the 
Bishop of Manchester collates to the vicarage. 24 

In 1292 the value of the rectory was taxed as 
22 a year, 25 but owing mainly to an incursion of 
the Scots it decreased within the next thirty years to 
ji2, 26 at which it remained in I34I. 2 " In 1535 
the income was estimated at 39 I 5/. 6d., including 
the value of the rectory-house and glebe. 28 The Par- 
liamentary Commissioners in 1650 found that the 
Bishop of Chester had leased the tithes to the inhabit- 
ants for the nominal value of the rectory, out of 
which he had paid 20 marks to the vicar. 29 This 
stipend was greatly increased soon afterwards, out of 
the sequestered revenues of the bishopric of Chester, 30 
but after the Restoration the vicar's income would 
return to its former level. However, about 1718 
Bishop Gastrell found that the vicar had nearly 39 
a year 31 and that there was also 5 6s. $>d. reserved 
* for a priest serving within the church of Rib- 
chester.' 32 The vicars have for forty years been 
styled rectors. 33 The income is now returned as 



The following have been rectors and vicars : 



RECTORS 



Instituted 
C. 1200 . . 
c. 1240 



Richard 35 
Drogo 36 



Name 



Patron 



Cause of Vacancy 



25 Feb. 1243-4 Guy de Russelon 37 The King 



16 T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 104. The 
clock was placed in the tower in 1813, 
but one had been there from 1650 or 
earlier. 

17 Vol. xxvi, 1906. Transcribed and 
edited by J. Arrowsmith. 

18 Many items are extracted by T. C. 
Smith, Ribchester. 

19 Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 471 ; Smith, op. cit. z 14-1 9, who 
states that the founder, Bradley Hayhurst 
of Button, was curate of Macclesfield 
1671-82 (Earwaker, East Ches. ii, 505), 
and died about 1685. 

20 In a grant of the moiety of Rib- 
chester made by Robert deiLacy before 
1193 the 'gift of the church.' of the same 
town ' was expressly reserved to the 
grantor ; Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), ii, 185. 

31 See the account of the rectors. 

88 Pat. 38 Hen. VIII, pt. v 5 Ormerod, 
Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 97. 

28 The vicar's stipend was 20 marks. 

* 4 The patronage was transferred to the 
Bishop of Manchester in 1859; Lond. 
Gam. 5 Aug. 

35 Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307. 

36 Ibid. 3Z7. 

n Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 38. 
The township of Ribchester contributed 
,4 i6s. 8</., Alston the same, and Button 
jCz 6s. &d. The apparent decrease of 
value was attributed in part to the 
omission of the tithe of hay, &c., and 
other dues belonging to the altarage of 
the church, 4 in all, but chiefly to the 



destruction caused by the Scots, owing to 
which ten fewer ploughs were used in the 
parish. 

28 Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 262. 
The house and glebe accounted for 
8 51. io</., the tithes of corn ,20, 
other tithes 2 i6i., Easter dues, &c., 
8 13$. 8<f. The outgoings came to 6s. 
only, for procurations and synodals. 

29 Commonly. Ch. Sur-v. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 168. A detailed 
survey of the house and glebe lands is 
printed ibid. 197-202. Some more 
profitable arrangement seems to have 
been made, for in 1656 an allowance of 
70 a year out of the tithes was ordered 
to be made to the incumbent ; Plund. 
Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 130, 152, 207. 

30 In 1659 it was ordered that 60 
should be paid to the vicar out of the 
tithes ; ibid, ii, 288. 

81 Notitia Cesir. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 471. 
The sum was made up of the 20 marks 
paid by the bishop, the Button tithes 
13, small tithes 9 121., and surplice 
fees 3. 

There were five churchwardens, one 
chosen by the vicar out of three nominated 
to him, and the other four by the 
'Twenty-four men' of their respective 
quarters. The clerk was chosen by the 
heir of Hoghton Tower. 

A list of Easter dues and surplice fees 
in 1682 is printed in Smith, op. cit. 90-1. 

In a lease of the rectory granted by 
Bishop Gastrell in 1724 it is stated that 

4 



the tithes of Button were reserved towards 
the maintenance of the vicar of Rib- 
chester ; Chester Consistory Ct. Rec. 

32 Notitia, loc. cit. 

38 The benefice was declared a rectory 
in 1867 ; Lond. Gay,, i Mar. The usual 
style of the incumbent is ' rector of Rib- 
chester and vicar of Stidd.' 

84 Manch. Dioc. Dir. 

35 He attested an early grant of part of 
Hothersall ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 19 
Hud. 

Ellis the clerk of Ribchester occurs 
early in the 1 3th century ; Whalley Couch. 
(Chet. Soc.), iii, 870 ; Final Cone, i, 51. 

36 In 1246 it was recorded that Brogo 
rector of Ribchester had been drowned 
from a horse in the Ribble, accidentally, 
as was supposed. The horse was drowned 
also, and i8i/., the value of its hide, must 
be paid to the sheriff; Assize R. 404, 
m. 20. 

In 1243, perhaps after the death of 
Brogo, the king (in right of his ward, 
Edmund de Lacy) claimed the right to 
present to the church of Ribchester, then 
vacant, the other claimants being the 
' Prior of Button ' and Walter Moton. 
The prior, no doubt the master of Stidd, 
said he claimed nothing in the advowson ; 
Cur. Reg. R. 131, m. 18, 17. 

37 Cal. Pat. 1232-47, p. 420. He was 
a relative of the king's, who presented in 
right of his ward, and had many pre- 
ferments ; see the account of Preston 
Church and Cal. Papal Letters, i, 224. 
He was in minor orders only ; ibid. 242. 



Instituted 

i Aug. 1246 . 
c. 1290 . 
23 Nov. 1325 . 

oc. 1333 . 
10 Nov. 1337 . 

7 Oct. 1343 . 
5 Feb. 1349-50 

I Mar. 1364-5 
1 8 Dec. 1374 
21 Jan. 1374-5 



8 Nov. 1395 

oc. 1408 

5 Apr. 1419 

3 Dec. 1419 

14 Dec. 1468 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 

Name Patron 

Humbert de Ascitiis 38 The King . . . 

Robert de Pocklington 39 . . . . 

Robert de Brustwick 40 . ... . . . 



Thomas Trayley 41 

Matthew Palmer 42 Queen Isabella 

Mr. Walter de Woodhouse 43 . , 

William de Wakefield 44 . . . . Queen Isabella 



William de Hornby 45 



John de Lincoln 46 

John de Yerdeburgh Duke of Lancaster 

Lambert de Thirkingham 47 . 



William de Bolton 48 
John Farmer 49 . . 
John Moor 50 



RIBCHESTER 

Cause of Vacancy 

. res. G. de Russelon 



res. R. de Pockling- 
ton 



. exch. T. Trayley 

. exch. W. de Wood- 
house 

exch. W. de Wake- 
field 



exch. Jo. de Lincoln 
. res. Jo. de Yerde- 
burgh 



. res. W. de Bolton 



Richard Coventry 61 The King . . 

John Elswick 52 . . 

William Talbot, D.Decr. 53 . . . E. and R. Talbot 



. d. John Moor 
. res. R. Coventry 
. res. J. Elswick 



38 Cal. Pat. 1232-47, p. 484. In 
1246 the advowson was in the king's 
hands by reason of the wardship of Ed- 
mund de Lacy, and was worth 40 marks 
yearly ; Assize R. 404, m. 20 d. The 
rector is named as ' Imbert.' 

Josce the clerk of Ribchester occurs in 
1258-9 ; Originalia, 43 Hen. Ill, m. 6. 
He is several times mentioned in local 
charters. Hawise, his widow, claimed 
an oxgang of land in the vill in 1282 ; 
De Banco R. 45, m. 70 d. 

89 Robert de Pocklington, parson of the 
church of Ribchester, claimed land in 
Dilworth in 1292 ; Assize R. 408, m. 63, 
1 8 d. Letters of protection were given 
him in 1294; Cal. Pat. 1292-1301, 
p. 123. In 1305 he claimed land against 
Robert Moton ; De Banco R. 153, 
m. 3 1 7 d. Robert, rector of the church 
of Ribchester, attested a local deed ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 275. 

40 Cal. Pat. 1324-7, p. 204. The 
name is also spelt Burstwick. The king 
presented by reason of the forfeiture of 
Thomas Earl of Lancaster. The new 
rector was one of the king's clerks. 
Henry de Haydock, another king's clerk, 
was pic-sented in 1331, but Robert de 
Brustwick showed that he had been duly 
presented by Edward II, and was allowed 
to retain the benefice; ibid. 1330-4, 
pp. 82, 1 02. 

41 At Michaelmas 1333 Robert de 
Brustwick, rector of Lamley, claimed a 
sum of money from Thomas Trayley, 
rector of Ribchester. The latter was also 
sued by Simon de Westhalum, chaplain ; 
De Banco R. 296, m. 402 d. There had 
perhaps been an exchange of benefices. 
In 1336 Thomas Trayley received pardon 
for an outlawry; Cal. Pat. 1334-8, 
p. 197. 

42 Ibid. p. 550. The new rector had 
been rector of Little Canfield (Essex), 
in the diocese of London, Trayley 
taking his place there. The lordship of 
Clitheroe was held by Queen Isabella, and 
Palmer was one of her clerks. He re- 
ceived in 1333 a papal provision of a 
canonry and prebend at Bosham ; Cal. 
Papal Letters, ii, 387-8. 

43 He was a pfebendary of York in 
I 347~95 Le Neve, Fasti, iii, 217, 

I 9 Z. 

44 Cal. Pat. 1343-5, p. 128 ; the new 



rector had had Kippax, in the diocese of 
York, which Woodhouse took. The 
date given is that of presentation ; Wake- 
field is said to have been instituted on 
10 Nov.; Smith, Ribchester, 139. In 
1331, at the request of Joan queen of 
Scotland, whose clerk he was, the pope 
provided him to a canonry at Lichfield, 
but he was to resign Kippax. The pro- 
vision was renewed in 1332 ; Cal. Papal 
Letters, ii, 350, 356. 

As William de Wakefield, rector of the 
church of Ribchester, he granted to John 
de Osbaldeston, chaplain, a part of his 
land in the vill, lying in the lower part 
of the croft he had received from John 
Banastre ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 261. 

46 Cal. Pat. 1348-50, p. 469. The 
new rector, one of the king's clerks, 
exchanged the rectory of Wootton, Lincoln 
diocese, for Ribchester. He was after- 
wards rector of St. Michael's-on-Wyre, 
and receiver for the Duke of Lancaster. 
He occurs as rector of Ribchester down 
to Jan. 1364-5, so that there is no break 
in the succession at this point ; De Banco 
R. 419, m. 1 80. 

46 Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 387. 
One of this name was prebendary of 
York and Lincoln later in the century ; 
Le Neve. 

47 John de Lincoln in 1374 exchanged 
Ribchester for Long Leadenham, in Lin- 
coln diocese, with John de Yerdeburgh, 
who was presented to Ribchester on 
18 Dec. 1374 ; Duchy of Lane. Misc. 
Bks. xiii, fol. 47. It is unlikely that he 
was instituted, for he almost immediately 
accepted Stoke, in Staffordshire, and 
Lambert de Thirkingham was presented 
on 21 Jan. 1374-5 ; ibid. 

In Whitaker's Whalley (ii, 462) 
William de Bolton is said to have been 
instituted on 27 Feb. 1367, but there 
must be some mistake in the date. 

49 Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.) xxii, 393 ; 
the Archdeacon of Richmond was to have 
12 as first-fruits. Henry IV in Dec. 
1399 ratified the estate of John Farmer, 
king's clerk, in the rectory of Ribchester ; 
Cal. Pat. 1399-1401, p. 101. The name 
is also spelt Fermer. 

Boniface IX in 1397 appointed John 
Farmer, rector of Ribchester, to the 
prebend of Frees, in Lichfield Cathedral, 
if he should be found fit ; Cal. Papal 

41 



Letters, v, 84. In 1405 Innocent VII 
extended an indult granted to Rector 
Farmer the year before ; while he should 
be serving the Bishop of Norwich (whose 
registrar he was), studying at the 
university, or residing at the Roman 
court, he might farm out his benefices, 
&c. ; ibid, vi, 8, 285. John 'Fermer' 
was prebendary of Wolvey, in Lichfield 
Cathedral, in 1398, probably in exchange 
for Frees ; Le Neve, Fasti, i, 640. 

so John Moor, rector, was the feoffee 
of Sibyl widow of Sir Roger de Fulthorp 
in Aug. 1408 ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 
2025. He seems to have been resident, 
as he is similarly mentioned several 
times ; e.g. Final Cone, iii, 84 ; Towneley 
MS. C8, 13, p. 602 (1415). 

81 Raines MSS. xxii, 395. 

In 1420 Richard Coventry was rector 
of Benefield (Northants), in the diocese 
of Lincoln, and obtained a plenary in- 
dulgence ; Cal. Papal Letters, vii, 336, 
340. 

52 Raines MSS. loc. cit. This rector 
seems to have been resident, as his name 
frequently occurs in local deeds, &c. ; e.g. 
Final Cone, iii, 112. 

He and William Clifton in 1429 
claimed a debt against Richard Walmsley 
of Ribchester ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 2, 
m. gb. John Elswick, rector of Rib- 
chester, was a feoffee of lands in Chaigley 
in Apr. 1468 ; Add. MS. 32108, T 

33 6 - 

6J In 1468 there was an inquiry as to 
the patronage, which was claimed by 
Edmund and Richard Talbot under a 
grant from the Crown in reward of services 
rendered to Richard Earl of Salisbury. 
The king had presented the last rector, 
to whom a pension of 20 was allowed 
on account of his decrepitude ; Raines 
MSS. xxii, 385 (from registers of Archd. 
of Richmond). In an act of resumption 
in 1467 the grant to the Talbots was 
specially reserved ; Parl. R. v, 599. 

William Talbot graduated in the canon 
law at Cambridge, bachelor in 1470 and 
doctor in 1475-6 ; Grace Book A (Luard 
Mem.), 83, in. He obtained a prebend 
at York in 1480 and another at South- 
well in 1485 ; he was buried at the latter 
church in 1498, his monument still 
remaining; Le Neve, Fasti, iii, 189, 
448. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Instituted 



1 6 Mar. 1496-7 
31 July 1527 . 

21 Dec. 1532 . 
9 June 1542 . 



oc. 1562 . 

22 Mar. 1571-2 

9 Mar. 1573-4 

17 Dec. 1616 . 

5 Feb. 1617-18 

1656 . 

6 Oct. 1681 . 
3 Aug. 1706 . 

26 Feb. 1738-9 



Name 

Robert Crombleholme 54 . . 
William Clayton, D.Can.L. 5 

Thomas Thirlby, LL.D. 5G . 
George Wolset, LL.D. 57 . . 



Patron 
The King . 



Cause of Vacanrr 



The King 



res. R. Cromble- 
holme 

d. W. Clayton 
res. T. Thirlby 



VICARS 



James Lingard s8 

Christopher Alsop r9 

Henry Norcross 60 John Whitaker 

Richard Learoyd 61 Bp. of Chester . 



Christopher Hindley c . . 
William Ingham 63 . . . 
George Ogden, B.D. 64 . 
Thomas Johnson, B.A. 6r> . 
John Heber 66 . . . . 



res. last incumbent 
depr. of H. Nor- 
cross 
res. R. Learoyd 



Bp. of Chester 



64 Smith, op. cit. 141. Crombleholme 
resigned the rectory on a pension, but 
died soon afterwards, intestate, when his 
administrators began a suit against the 
Abbot of Whalley ; Duchy Plead. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 201. The abbot 
was liable as surety for William Clayton, 
the succeeding rector, and alleged that 
the covenants had been fulfilled. 

55 The king in 1520 granted the next 
presentation to John Veysey (Bishop of 
Exeter) and Sir Edward Belknap ; Duchy 
of Lane. Misc. Bks. xxii, 229 d. On 
Crombleholme's resignation the bishop, 
as surviving trustee, presented one 
Thomas Brerewood, and complained that 
William Clayton unjustly hindered his 
obtaining possession ; Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 142, m. 2 d. 

The new rector (D. Can. Law, 1528 ; 
Foster, Alumni Oxon.) held various 
benefices and dignities, including Winder- 
mere, Doncaster and Bromfield Churches, 
and canonries at Lichfield and York ; Le 
Neve, Fasti, i, 627 ; iii, 193 ; L. and P. 
Hen. PHI, v, 608, 700. He died 14 
Oct. 1532, and it appears that Edmund 
Bonner was recommended as his successor 
at Ribchester ; ibid, v, 604, 687. A 
letter from Clayton to Cromwell is at 
the P.R.O. ; ibid, iv, 2248. 

66 Thomas Thirlby (Trinity Hall, 
Cambridge, LL.D. 1528) had many 
preferments, becoming successively Bishop 
of Westminster (1540), Norwich (1550) 
and Ely (1554) j Le Neve, Fasti. He 
had complied with the religious changes 
of the time, but in 1559 refused to 
abandon Roman communion and was 
deprived by Elizabeth. Thenceforward 
he lived a prisoner with Archbishop 
Parker, dying at Lambeth in 1570. See 
Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Cooper, Athen. Cantab. 
i, 287-90. 

He had a dispute with his lessees of 
the rectory of Ribchester in 1542 ; Duchy 
Plead, ii, 160. 

57 Act Bk. at Chester 1502-76, fol. 
1 2 b. He was also rector of Chipping. 
His name is uncertain, being given also 
as Wolfet or Wolflet. He was educated 
at Oxford (M.A. 1512, as Welsett or 
Wylsett ; Foster, Alumni), was rector of 
St. Olave, Hart Street, London, in 1518 
to 1528, and became clerk of the king's 
closet in 1537 ; he had other benefices 
and was a canon of Salisbury ; see the 
account by T. C. Smith, Chipping, 85-6. 
Hi will, dated 1553, was proved at 
York in 1554; an abstract is given by 
Raine*, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 195-6. 



Gilbert Wicks obtained a presentation 
to the rectory in 1540, but it does not 
appear to have been acted upon ; L. and P. 
Hen. Fill, xv, g. 1027 (20). 

88 No first-fruits were paid by the 
vicars. James Lingard's name appears 
in the visitation list of 1562 and again 
in 1570. He was one of the old clergy, 
having been ordained in 1546-7 ; Chester 
Ordin. Bk. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 

73. 77- 

59 Smith, Ribchester, 143. Some later 
dates are taken from the same work, 
which contains a full account of the 
vicars. Alsop's name occurs in Jan. 
'573-45 Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), 
xxii, 56. 

60 Act Bk. at Chester. The Bishop of 
Chester had in 1572 granted the next 
presentation to Bernard Anderton, his 
servant, and another, who transferred it 
to John Whitaker. In Raines MSS. 
xxii, p. 350, will be found a record of the 
proceedings against Norcross in 1614-15. 
He was charged with having obtruded 
himself into the ' parish ' of Stidd, and 
with being a drunkard, ale-house keeper, 
gambler, &c. He was deprived or 
degraded, but continued to live at Rib- 
chester, being buried there 14 Aug. 1623. 
In 1590 he was described as 'no 
preacher ' ; S. P. Dom. Eliz. xxxi, 47. 

61 Act Bk. at Chester 1579-1676, fol. 
64^. He became one of the chaplains 
or curates at the Collegiate Church, Man- 
chester, and was buried there 22 Aug. 
1623. From the presentments at one 
of the visitations it appears that he was 
unable to obtain possession of the vicarage- 
house at Ribchester. 

62 From this time the institutions have 
been compared with the Institution Books 
P.R.O. as printed in Lanes, and Ches. 
Antitj. Notes. 

Christopher Hindley (or Hindle 
Hynde in Act Bk.) was of Cowell or 
Cowhill in Rishton. At first he ' could 
not peaceably enjoy the vicarage,' appa- 
rently owing to the opposition of Nor- 
cross, who also detained a communion 
cup; Visit. P. of 1619 at Chester Dioc. 
Reg. Though not a member of the 
classis, he continued to minister at Rib- 
chester after the establishment of Presby- 
terianism, until violently ejected from 
his pulpit in 1649 while denouncing the 
execution of Charles I. He then retired 
to Cowhill, where he died in 1657 ; Loc. 
Glean. Lanes, and Ches. i, 34, &c. 

It was probably the execution of 
Charles I which roused the vicar to 



d. W. Ingham 
d. G. Ogden 
d. T. Johnson 



resistance, for in 1646 the Parliamentary 
Committee ordered an increase of 40 in 
his stipend, and as late as May 1649 
directed payment of arrears ; but in the 
following month the increase was sus- 
pended on account of accusations of 
' notorious misdemeanours ' ; Plund. Mins. 
Accts. i, 70, 72. In 1650 it was found that 
' the present incumbent, Mr. Christopher 
Hindley,' had been ' lately suspended by 
order from the provincial assembly of 
divines for this county, but for what 
cause the presenters know not'; Common-w. 
Ch. Sur-v. 169. Thus he had not then 
been deprived. 

63 William Ingham, who was considered 
a ' diligent, painful minister,' occurs at 
Church (1646), Goosnargh (1650) and 
Shireshead (1652) ; Common-w. Ch. 
Surf. 155 ; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 119. 
He was not recommended as ' settled 
minister' of Ribchester until 1656, so 
that the account of his conduct given by 
his Royalist successor has no doubt been 
exaggerated; ibid, ii, 151. The first 
baptism by him was on 23 Nov. 1656 ; 
Reg. He seems to have been a Presby- 
terian and signed the ' Harmonious Con- 
sent ' in 1648, but conformed at the 
Restoration, retaining the benefice till his 
death in 1681. For his will see Smith, 
op. cit. 150. 

64 Educated at Jesus Coll., Camb.; M.A. 
1668. His epitaph describes him as 
'fellow' of his college and B.D. ; the 
former statement is erroneous. He built 
a vicarage-house in 1682. He was elected 
fellow of Manchester in 1 68 1 and retained 
this with his vicarage till his death in 
1706 at Manchester. In 1692 the 
Bishop of Chester (Stratford) wrote to 
him asking whether he intended to reside 
at Ribchester or to resign it ; see Loc. 
Glean. Lanes, and Ches. ii, 4 and the 
account of him in Raines, Fello-ws of 
Manch. (Chet. Soc.), 183-8. At Rib- 
chester he collected the antiquities found 
there. 

65 Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. ; 
B.A. 1692; Foster, Alumni. He was 
non-resident in 1734, but was buried at 
Ribchester in 1738. 

60 Educated at University Coll., Oxf., 
but did not graduate ; Foster, Alumni. 
He was rector of Marton, a family living, 
1728 to 1775, and did not reside at Rib- 
chester ; Whitaker, Cra-ven (ed. Morant), 
95. In 1739 the vicar was also 'chap- 
lain to his Majesty's invalids at Ports- 
mouth ' ; Visit. Returns. Reginald Heber, 
the poet, was his nephew. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 



Instituted Name 

zg Aug. 1775 . . John Griffiths, B.A 

37 July 1776 . . John Atkinson 67 ' 8 

II July 1798 . . Isaac Relph 69 

23 Apr. 1800 . . James Quartley, M.A. 70 . . . . 

14 Apr. 1829 . . Boulby Thomas Haslewood, B.A. 71 . 

RECTORS 

. Frederick Eugene Perrin, M.A. 72 . 
Francis John Dickson, M.A. 73 
Evan Harries 74 

. John William Brooker 



Patron 

Bp. of Chester 



Cause of Vacancy 

d. J. Heber 



1876 . 

1 8 Aug. 1885 . 

1 1 May 1892 . 
7 Jan. 1908 

The early rectors were often officials of the Earls of 
Lancaster or the kings, holding Ribchester as one of 
numerous preferments and resigning it after a brief 
tenure for some more lucrative benefice. It is 
unlikely that many of them were resident, and pro- 
bably for this reason they seldom occur in local deeds. 
After the rectory came into the possession of the 
Bishops of Chester the vicars appointed were usually 
resident, but the stipend was small, and the position 
of the incumbents was probably no better than that 
of the former curates of the absentee rectors. Some 
of the vicars held other preferments. Before the 
Reformation there were probably three or four 
resident priests, 75 the parish church with its chantry 
and the chapels at Longridge and Stidd having to 
be served. The visitation list of 1548 gives four 
names, including the rector's, but Stidd had no 
doubt ceased to be used. 76 The church goods taken 
away by the commissioners of Edward VI in 155 23 
were a pix of silver gilt, a cross, a cope and five 
vestments. 77 In 1554, when the Bishop of Chester 
was rector, only one name appears, 78 and the same 



Bp. of Manchester 



d. J. Atkinson 
d. I. Relph 
d. J. Quartley 



d. B. T. Haslewood 
d. F. E. Perrin 



res. E. Harries 



is the case in 1 562. 79 A single minister appears thence- 
forward to have sufficed for the parish until about 
I7oo, 80 though during the Commonwealth period 
there was a second one at Longridge. 81 Mr. Ogden, 
vicar at the end of the 1 7th century, had a resident 
curate. 82 In 1731 the churchwardens notified to the 
Bishop of Chester the existence of Quakers, Popish 
and Presbyterian Dissenters and Anabaptists. 83 

The priest of St. Mary in Ribchester Church 
appears to have been an established institution before 
1349, w ^ en a rent-charge of zs. on lands in Dutton 
was made in his favour by Henry de Clayton. 84 Ten 
years later a small sum was left to the priest singing 
at St. Mary's altar. 85 This was no doubt the altar 
on the south side of the church. In 1407 Sir Richard 
Hoghton obtained the royal licence to refound or at 
least to endow a chantry at her altar on the north 
side of the church. 86 The endowment, derived from 
lands in Ribchester, Dutton, Chipping and Goosnargh, 
was unusually liberal, the net income of the chantry 
priest in 1547 being 10 ijs. 4^. 87 Robert 
Whittingham was the first priest, I4O9 88 ; Ellis 



* 7 ' 8 He was appointed one of the king's 
preachers in Lancashire in 1786. He was 
also curate of Walton-le-Dale, where 
there is a tablet to his memory. 

69 He had been curate of Ribchester for 
twenty-two years before being appointed 
vicar. He is said to have been drowned 
in the Ribble ; Smith, op. cit. 156. 

70 Baines, Lanes, (ed. Croston), iv, 103. 

71 Educated at Peterhouse, Camb. ; 
B.A. 1818. On his appointment, he 
being ' an Evangelical and active clergy- 
man,' the Congregationalists gave up their 
services ; Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. 
ii, 113. He 'was in many respects 
a model parson, and was highly esteemed 
by his parishioners, although it is to be 
regretted that the old parish library was 
allowed to become gradually dispersed, 
and the numerous Roman antiquities dis- 
covered during his incumbency to be irre- 
coverably scattered" ; Smith, op. cit. 157. 

72 Educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin ; 
M.A. 1848. 'He succeeded in accomplish- 
ing many urgently needed reforms ' ; ibid. 

73 Educated at Trinity Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1873. Rector of Bispham 1876-85. 

74 Educated at St. Bees. Vicar of Christ 
Church, Pendlebury, 1881-92. 

75 In a purely local deed of 1423 
William Wile and Robert Whittingham, 
chaplains, were trustees, while John Els- 
wick, the rector, and Thomas Sedill, 
chaplain, were witnesses ; Towneley MS. 
DD, no. 1234. 

76 The details given are from the viii- 
tuion lists at Chester. 

77 Augm. Off. Misc. Bks. clxxx, m. 22. 
?B James Moor ; he had been there in 

1548 also. 79 Viz. the vicar's name. 

80 There is, for instance, no sign of an 



assistant either lecturer or schoolmaster 
in the clerical subsidy lists, 1620-39, 
in Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
55, &c. 81 See the account of Longridge. 

83 Ogden himself and several other 
vicars were non-resident, but from 1682 
there seems usually to have been a resi- 
dent curate at Ribchester and another at 
Longridge from about 1700. There is a 
list in Smith, op. cit. 158-9. William 
Felgate, the curate in 1689, was 'con- 
formable ' to the government ; Hist. MSS. 
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 230. 

88 Visit. Returns. 

84 Add. MS. 32106, no. 175. 

85 John del Lee, smith, gave a rent of 
6</., charged on his lands, to God, St. 
Mary of Ribchester and all Saints and to 
the chaplain perpetually singing at the 
altar of our said Lady St. Mary in the 
church of Ribchester. Should the rent 
fall into arrears the 'governor or parochial 
chaplain or procurator ' of the church 
might distrain ; ibid. no. 317. 

Among the Shireburne deeds was a 
bond sealed in 1545 in the parish church 
of Ribchester before our Lady's altar ; 
Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

88 The writ of Inq. a.q.d. was issued 
in July 1406, but the inquiry did not take 
place till a year later. It was then 
reported that it was not to the king's loss 
that Sir Richard Hoghton should assign 
to the chaplain of the perpetual chantry 
in honour of the B. V. Mary in a certain 
chapel on the north side of the parish 
church of Ribchester various messuages, 
lands and rents in Ribchester, Chipping, 
Goosnargh, Hothersall and Aighton, in 
part satisfaction of 10 granted by Sir 
Richard to the chaplain in virtue of the 

43 



king's licence. In Ribchester nine mes- 
suages, 41 acres, &c., were held of 
Katherine Lynalx by a rent of 1 7 </., and 
7 acres of pasture were held of Robert 
Townley by zs. rent ; Inq. a.q.d. file 438, 
no. 26. 

The royal licence referred to was given 
in May 1406 ; the chaplain was to cele- 
brate for the good estate of the king and 
Sir Richard Hoghton, for the souls of 
their ancestors and others (including John 
de Osbaldeston and William Moton, 
chaplains) ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 364. 
The grant of the lands by Katherine 
widow of William Lynalx, lady of Rib- 
chester, is in Kuerden's fol. MS. p. 247. 

The lands of the chantry seem at a 
little earlier date (1397) to have been held 
by the above-named William Moton ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 455 (fol. 323). 

87 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 196-9. 
There was no plate. The field-names 
recorded include Hichough, Bankheys, 
Stonyfurlong, Withinlache, Priestmeadow, 
Orley, Atough, the pasture called Eyerley 
and Avergate. The quit-rents payable 
for Ribchester lands were i6d. to Sir 
Richard Hoghton for Atough and is. 6d. 
to Robert Lynalx for the third part of 
another tenement. 

It should be noticed that in 1535 the 
gross income was returned as ^4 131. 4^. 
only ; 31. yd. was due to the king for 
puture ; Valor Eccl. (Kec. Com.), v, 263. 

88 Add. MS. 32106, no. 365. Sir 
Richard Hoghton appointed, and the right 
of presentation remained with his descen- 
dants. The advowson of the chantry of 
Dutton at Ribchester was one of the 
rights of Alexander Hoghton in 1498 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Crombleholme was appointed in I467 89 and was 
still there in 1 496 90 ; James Schlacter, chaplain, 
held it in i5O4 90a ; James Tarleton appears in 
I 5 2 5 91 and was still celebrating according to his 
foundation in IS47, 92 when the chantry was sup- 
pressed. The confiscated estates were in 155 
granted by the Crown to Thomas Reeve and others. 93 

Land had also been given for the maintenance of a 
light in the church. 94 

Cecily the Recluse is mentioned in izgz. 95 

A school was founded in I793~7' 96 

Apart from the school and religious 
CHARITIES endowments there are several bene- 
factions for the benefit of the poor. 



An official inquiry was held in 1898, and the report, 
printed the following year, contains a reprint of that 
of i8z6. 97 For the township of Ribchester about 
54 is distributed annually in money doles, of which 
over 4.2 is derived from a bequest by Mrs. Elizabeth 
Dewhurst in i842. 98 In addition for Ribchester and 
Stidd is a sum of over 10 yearly, with ' preference 
for poor Catholics ' " and almshouses with an income 
of j53 1 1/. a*/. 100 In Dilworth 12 is given in 
money doles 101 and another endowment has been 
lost. 102 In Dutton calico is distributed to the value 
of j7. 103 For Alston over 16 is available, distri- 
buted in gifts of money 104 ; and some benefactions 
for this township 105 and Hothersall have been lost. 100 



Robert Whittingham was still chaplain in 
1443 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 341. 

89 Raines MSS. xxii, 399 ; Henry 
Hoghton presented. 

90 In 1487 John son and heir of Thomas 
Blackburn released to Ellis Crombleholme, 
chaplain of the perpetual chantry of 
B. Mary on the north side of Ribchester 
Church, all right in certain lands, part 
lying between the house of St. Saviour at 
Stidd and Chester Brook and part in Rib- 
chester Eyes, called the Crookedroyds ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 310. This grant 
was followed by an arbitration ; ibid. no. 
419, fol. 316. John Boyes of Ribchester 
in 1496 granted to the same chantry a 
part of his land in the corner of the south 
side of Bernard Park, inclosed by a new 
ditch ; ibid. no. 471, fol. 326. 

903 He was described in 1504 as 'pos- 
sessor of the chantry of Dutton founded 
in the church of Ribchester ' ; Kuerden 
MSS. iv, P 121, no. 74. 

91 In 1527 it was recorded that he had 
been chantry priest for two years, having 
been presented by Sir Richard Hoghton. 
He is again named as priest in 1535 ; 
Valor Ecd. (Rec. Com.), v, 263. 

92 Raines, Chantries, 1 94. From a note 
on p. 195 it seems that the rector (George 
Wolset) had in 1543 procured the next 
presentation for himself. 

98 Pat. 4 Edw. VI, pt. vii. Part was 
soon afterwards sold to James son of 
William Jenkinson, innkeeper of Rib- 
chester, the occupier ; Towneley MS. 
OO, no. 1229-30. The chapel seems to 
have been acquired by the Townleys of 
Dutton, but it had previously been known 
as Dutton chapel. The Hoghton chapel, 
on the south side of the church, does not 
seem to have had an endowed chantry. 

94 Raines, op. cit. 253 ; the yearly 
value was js. 

as Assize R. 408, m. 18 ; there is a 
further notice of her land in Assize R. 
1 2 9 9, m. 1 6 d. D iana, the Anker maiden, 
possibly servant of another recluse, is 
named in a deed of 1349; Add. MS. 
32106, fol. 322. 

96 The master began teaching in 1793 
and a schoolhouse was erected on the 
waste in 1797 ; End. Char. Rep. for Rib- 
chester (1899), 2 > 1I 

97 The details in the following notes are 
taken from these reports. 

In 1624 an inquiry was made as to 50 
bequeathed to the parish by Robert Jen- 
kinson, citizen and merchant tailor of 
London in 1616, the sum being supposed 
to be in danger ; and John Dewhurst and 
Thomas Waring, executors of Robert 
Dewhurst, were ordered to pay the 50 
to James Norcross, churchwarden, who 
wag to give security for its safe trans- 
mission to succeeding wardens ; Harl. MS. 



2176, fol. 32^, 33&. From what follows 
it appears that the capital sum was 
divided among the townships, and that all 
has been lost except the 10 appropriated 
to Ribchester. 

98 This is called the Waterworth Dole. 
The capital sum is 1,300, invested in 
Preston Corporation stock. The distri- 
bution takes place at Christmas time, 
there being about 1 80 recipients. 

William Norcross left 20 towards 
binding poor apprentices and Robert 
Jenkinson jTio for the poor. These sums 
were in 1732 invested in a house and land, 
known as Dods HalL The property was 
in 1871 sold for 379 and the money 
invested in consols in the name of the 
official trustees ; the annual income is 
11 51. The portion which should be 
applied to apprenticing children is 7 I Of., 
but no such use has been made of it for 
sixty years, the whole income being dis- 
tributed in small doles (is. to 21.) on 
St. Thomas's Day. Another sum of 40 
was lent to the township, as was supposed, 
but the poor law auditor having disallowed 
the 361. formerly paid out of the rates as 
interest, this charity has been lost. 

Miss Harriett Jane Quartley in 1878 
bequeathed 19 191. to the vicar of 
Ribchester for the poor. This is invested 
in consols and produces an income of i is., 
distributed among six poor and aged 
persons at Christmas. 

99 This was founded by James Stand- 
ford in 1695, he bequeathing 150 for the 
poor of Stidd, Bailey and Ribchester, and 
300 for ' other purposes.' The money was 
invested in land near Skipton and the gross 
income is now 41 2s. The net income 
is paid to the Roman Catholic priest at 
Stidd, who reserves two-thirds to his own 
use (for the ' other purposes ') and distri- 
butes the rest in small money doles, Pro- 
testants being among the recipients. 

100 These almshouses were founded 
under the will of John Shireburne of 
Bailey and Sheffield, who died in 1726, 
as will be seen in the account of Stidd 
below. The connexion of the Walmsley 
family with them seems to have been that 
of trustees. In 1728 the churchwardens 
of Ribchester made the following present- 
ment to the Bishop of Chester : ' We 
have an almshouse erecting, but whether 
the revenues be according to law we know 
not ' ; Visit. Returns. ' Alice Worthing- 
ton, widow, pauper from the hospital at 
Stidd,' was buried 24 May 1732 ; Church 
Reg. There are six sets of rooms, one of 
which is occupied by the schoolmistress 
and the others by the five almswomen 
who are appointed by the priest. Stidd 
Manor Farm was in 1867 transferred by 
Thomas George Walmsley to the use of 
the Rt. Rev. William Turner, Bishop of 

44 



Salford, and others as an endowment for 
the almshouses. The income, after pro- 
viding for repairs and 10 worth of coals 
for the inmates, is divided equally among 
these. 

101 Frances Roades in 1696 bequeathed 
her house and land for the benefit of poor 
distressed housekeepers of Dilworth for all 
eternity.' The yearly rent is now 12, 
of which between 8 and 10 is distri- 
buted annually on St. Thomas's Day in 
sums of is. to 5*. 

102 Henry Townley in 1 776 left personal 
estate amounting to 100 for 'poor 
necessitous persons." The money was 
applied in 1824 to the building of a work- 
house, interest being paid out of the rates 
until 1862, when the poor law auditor 
disallowed it. 

Bishop Gastrell mentions a gift of 20 
by Hugh Shireburne to Ribchester and 
Dilworth, and another of 10 by Grace 
Ward to Dilworth ; Notitia Ccstr. ii, 474. 

103 Henry Townley, Ann his wife and 
their descendants Jennet Ward and Town- 
ley Ward between 1747 and 1790 gave 
sums amounting to 125 to be laid out 
in cloth. The capital, with accumulations, 
is now represented by 255 consols, pro- 
ducing j a year. The distribution of 
calico is made about the end of January, 
some thirty families receiving doles of 7 to 
24 yds. 

104 Richard Hoghton in 1613 left a close 
called Wood Crook in Whittingham 
charged with various sums for the poor, 
including i los. to be distributed ' at 
the cross near Longridge Chapel in Alston.' 
The whole income of the land (now sold) 
was applied to the charity, and Alston now 
has 6 in. lod. from the endowment. 
Alston also has a share (a sixth) of the 
income of the charity founded by Thomas 
Hoghton of Woodplumpton in 1649 ; it 
now amounts to 9 izs. 

105 For ' Jenkinson's charity ' 8*. a 
year was paid out of the rates in 1826, 
but nothing is now known of it. 

Thomas Gregson in 1742 and Thomas 
Eccles in 1777 left sums for the poor, but 
these had been lost before 1826. 

James Berry of Alston was stated to 
have given Seth Eccles 200 with a 
verbal injunction to distribute the interest 
to the poor. Seth died in 1822, but his 
son Thomas continued an annual distribu- 
tion of 8. This gift has, however, long 
ceased. 

106 In 1826 there was paid yearly from 
the rates 91. or loj. for the poor, distri- 
buted in small doles about Christmas, the 
endowment being attributed to Robert 
Jenkinson. Nothing has been paid for a 
long time, and the cottages supposed to 
have been built for the poor are now 
claimed as private property. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 

Ribelcastre, Dom. Bk. ; Ribbecestre, 1202 ; Ribbel- 
cestre, 1227 ; Rybchestre, 1292. The forms Rib- 
and Ribbel- occur together till about I 360, when the 
former prevailed. 

The little town takes its name from the Roman 
station founded by the Ribble. The township has 
an area of ^,^\\\ acres, 1 and in 1901 there was a 
population of 1,237. The general slope of the 
surface is down from north to south, the greatest 
height on the side of Longridge Fell being nearly 
900 ft. above the ordnance datum. Boyce's Brook 
flows south-east through the township to join the 
Ribble. 

Roads branch out from the town eastward to 
reach the bridge across the river about a mile away, 
northward to join the road from Longridge to 
Mitton, near the hamlet of Knowl Green, and north- 
westward to join the same road nearer Longridge. 
Buckley is central. 

Few relics of the Roman occupation remain in 
the town. In the main street, forming a portico to 
the ' White Bull Inn,' are four columns with debased 
capitals, said to have been taken out of the river. 
They rudely resemble the Roman Doric in appear- 
ance and are 6 ft. 7 in. high ; their dressing also 
admits the possibility of their Roman origin. In 
the rectory grounds are three Roman vases, said to 
have been dug up in the churchyard, and there is a 
fourth at Lower Alston Farm. At the rectory there 
is preserved also a Roman altar, without inscription 
and focus, which was found in 1888 built into a 
cottage wall. la 

There are some 17th-century houses remaining, 
one with an interesting stone door-head dated 1680, 
and in the main street is a block of two houses of 
some architectural merit, the lead rain-water heads 
of which are dated 1745. The building, which is 



RIBCHESTER 

of brick, with moulded stone architraves to the 
windows and a stone cornice, is well proportioned 
and simple in design. 

Three fairs used to be held in Ribchester, but 
have been discontinued. 2 

The stocks were used as late as i829. 3 

There was till recently some hand-loom weaving. 
There are two small weaving-mills and two bobbin- 
works. 

The Preston Union Workhouse is situated here. 

In 1066 RIBCHESTER, assessed as 
M4NOR two plough-lands, was a member of the 
Preston fee held by Earl Tostig 4 ; it then 
probably included Dutton also. After the Conquest 
it was given to Roger of Poitou, 8 and later is found, 
together with Dilworth and Dutton, as a member of 
the honor of Clitheroe. 6 Through the Lacys the 
manor descended to the Earls and Dukes of Lan- 
caster, and thus to the Crown. 

Robert de Lacy gave a moiety of Ribchester to 
Robert son of Henry in or before 1 193- 7 John Con- 
stable of Chester early in the 1 3th century granted to 
Walter Moton a moiety of the vill of Ribchester with all 
its wood and the mill, just as the grantor's father and 
brother had held it, two gloves or \d. being payable 
at Michaelmas. 8 About the same time Alan de 
Windle granted all his land of Ribchester and of 
Dilworth to Walter Moton in free marriage with 
Amabel his daughter, 9 and John de Lacy gave Walter 
all the farm, aid and service which had been due 
from Alan de Windle for the same rent as for the 
above-named moiety. 10 Thenceforward the whole 
manor was held by the Moton family. 

Walter Moton was a benefactor to Stanlaw Abbey u 
and also to the hospital at Stidd. 12 He died in or 
before 1 246, when his widow Amabel, who had 
married Robert de Ribchester, was suing his son 
William Moton in respect of her dower. 13 This son 
also was a benefactor of Stanlaw, 14 and gave land to 



1 2,224 acres, including 21 of inland 
water 5 Census Rep. 1901. 

la J. Garstang, Roman Ribchester, 5. 
(Report of Ribch. Excavations, 1898.) 

a T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 71. 

Ibid. 72. In 1599 the people of 
Ribchester were fined 3*. ^.d. because there 
was no cuck-stool ; Clitheroe Ct. R. 

V.C.H. Uncs. i, 288*. 

5 Ibid. 

6 There is no record of the gift of 
Ribchester and Dilworth as there is of 
Dutton. It is doubtful whether the fine 
of 1187 recording the acquisition of the 
vill of Ribbec' refers to Ribchester or not ; 
Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, i ; ii, 185. If it does, it shows that 
Robert de Lacy purchased it from William 
son of Rosselin or else confirmed it to 
him. 

7 Ibid, ii, 185, quoting an abstract 
found at Pontefract in 1325 ; Duchy of 
Lane. Misc. cxxx, fol. 20 d. The moiety 
was to be held in thegnage by a rent of 
Js. The advowson of the church and 
'the forest of buck and doe, wild boar 
and sow' were reserved. One Robert 
son of Henry was lord of Lathom about 
that time. 

In 1 202 Alan de Windle and Agnes 
his wife made grants of portions of Rib- 
chester ; Final Cone, i, 13, 21. The 
plaintiffs in these fines Henry son of 
Bernard anct John son of Robert claimed 
by inheritance. Agnes may have been 



the daughter of the Robert son of Henry 
named in the text. 

8 Kuerden fol. MS. (Chet. Lib.), 77. 
John de Lacy became constable of 
Chester in 1211 and Earl of Lincoln in 
1232 ; he died in 1240. It is not clear 
whether this is the other moiety of Rib- 
chester or a new and more complete 
grant of the same moiety. 

9 Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 17. The sur- 
name is spelt in many ways Mutun, 
Motoun, &c. ; sometimes a de is pre- 
fixed. It may be derived from Mitton, 
though this spelling rarely occurs. 

10 Ibid. fol. 23. There was among the 
Stonyhurst deeds a grant by John de 
Lacy to Walter Mutton of the manor of 
Ribchester and Dilworth for the same 
service as Alan de Windhull and his 
predecessors had rendered viz. a pair of 
gloves or ^.d. ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 
at Leagram. In accordance with these 
charters it was found in 1258 that Rib- 
chester rendered 2s. and one pair of gloves 
(or 4<) to Edmund de Lacy ; Lanes. Inq. 
and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 217. 

Walter Moton in 1219 acquired an 
oxgang of land in Ribchester from Sieg- 
rith, Wynniva and Maud, daughters of 
Godwin ; Final Cone, i, 40. 

11 He gave the monks Hulliley (or 
Hilliley), from the Stonyway on the east 
to Godrichley Croft on the west, and from 
a syke on the south to an oak cross- 

45 



marked on the north, also 3 acrei of 
wood. He desired their prayers espe- 
cially for the soul of that venerable man 
his lord Roger de Lacy ; Whalley Couch. 
(Chet. Soc.), iii, 868. He also gave 
them the mill with its rights, reserving 
multure of his own house, desiring that 
he might be buried at Stanlaw ; ibid. 869. 
Amabel daughter of Alan de Windle and 
widow of Walter Moton confirmed the 
gifts, and her second husband released 
any right he might have in the same ; 
ibid. 870-2. 

To Roger de Hurst he gave part of 
his land in Ribchester in Turnley, the 
bounds commencing at a stone house, 
and including (in part) Chester Brook ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 493 (fol. 330). 

1J His gift of land in Godrichley in 
Ribchester to the hospital of St. Saviour 
at Stidd is mentioned in a charter in 
Towneley's MS. DD, no. 889. He also 
gave land in Shipenley, adjoining Turnley 
at one point, confirmed by his son 
William ; Dugdale, Man, Angl. vi, 687. 

13 Assize R. 404, m. 3 d. She and 
her husband also claimed certain land 
and a moiety of the mill against the 
Abbot of Stanlaw ; ibid. m. 2 d. This 
suit affords an approximate date for their 
charters already quoted. 

14 Whalley Couch, iii, 872-4. William 
son of Walter Moton confirmed his 
father's gifts and added land between 
Lauediley Clough and Godrich Clough, 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Sawley 15 ; others of his charters are known. 16 He 
was described as lord of the whole vill. 17 He died 
about lajS, 18 and in 1282 and again in 1292 his 
widow Edusa or Edith appears in the records. 19 He 
seems to have left several sons. 20 Robert Moton, 



a son or grandson, succeeded to Ribchester, 21 but 
in 1305 Robert's son William occurs. 22 The exact 
succession at this point is obscure. Henry son of 
William Moton in 1317 gave a release to the Abbot of 
Whalley. 23 William Moton, son of Robert, and Isabel 



"Harl. MS. 112, fol. 8iA. 

16 To Henry son of Helewise he gave 
land, the bounds of which went north up 
the clough of Godrichley to Hullilcy, 
thence east to Stonygate, south to the 
land of Robert the Kirkman, and then 
west to the starting-point. A rent of 
izd. was to be paid ; Kuerden MSS. iii, 
R. 9. The seal bore a fleur de lis and 
the legend SIGILL : WILL : DE : MVTVN. 

By another charter he gave Robert the 
Skinner part of his waste within bounds 
which went down Crinsil Brook to its 
junction with Chastel or Castel Brook, 
and up the latter brook to Ruddegate, 
&c. ; ibid. Josce the clerk was a witness, 
and the seal was the same as before. 

William de Singleton and Alan his son 
granted a rent of 3$. from Dilworth to 
William son of Walter Moton and Edith 
his wife ; Dods. MSS. Ixx, fol. 157. 

To Josce the clerk William son of 
Walter Moton gave half an oxgang of 
land in Ribchester at a rent of \zd. ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 271. To Richard 
son of Robert Boys (de Bosco) he gave 
land in Nutbrook strinds, at a rent of 
four barbed arrows ; ibid. no. 3 14. In 
1268-9 he gave Sir Adam de Hoghton 
the homage of Robert for Ametehalit in 
Ribchester, with the rent of zs. due 
therefrom ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 20. 

17 He was so described in a gift by 
Beatrix de Kuerden, referring to his 
charter made to her father Richard son 
of John de Kuerden ; Add. MS. 32109, 
no. 14 (Edw. Ill), no. 54 (s.d.). 

18 He was living in 1278, when toge- 
ther with Roger de Chippenley and 
Richard son of Hugh de Ribchester he 
was found to have disseised Adam de 
' Mutton ' of his free tenement in Rib- 
chester. Adam had been over sea and was 
reported dead ; Assize R. 1238, m. 33. 

19 In 1282 Edusa as widow claimed 
dower in various tenements in Ribchester 
held by Richard son of William son of 
William Moton and Denise his mother, 
Richard son of Adam and Richard his 
son, Richard son of Ellis and Henry his 
son and Richard son of Ellis ; De Banco 
R. 47, m. 4 d. A Richard son of William 
Moton gave an acre in Ribchester to 
Richard de Hurst ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
867. 

In 1292 Edusa, then wife of Richard 
le Sothron, claimed in right of her former 
marriage with William Moton dower in 
a messuage and land held by Alice de 
Lacy ; Assize R. 408, m. 62. 

20 The pedigree at this point is inde- 
terminate, but from the charters preserved 
by Towneley and Kuerden it is obvious 
that there were several branches of the 
family having estates in Ribchester and 
Dutton. William Moton, William his 
son and Robert Moton attested an un- 
dated charter ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 265. 
In 1332 Robert, Richard and Henry 
Moton contributed to the subsidy in Rib- 
chester and William Moton in Dutton ; 
Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), 86-7. 

21 The uncertainty arises from the 
possibility of two Williams. In 1302 
Robert Moton, lord of Ribchester, de- 
mised to Walter de Lofthouse, chaplain, 



a part of his waste in Ribchester between 
the close of land called Beteleyfield, be- 
longing to St. Saviour's, and the Nut- 
brook ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 985. 
Henry and Adam Moton attested this 
charter ; from another deed it appears 
they were Robert's brothers ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 273. 

Robert son of William Moton released 
to Master Richard de Hoghton in 1298 
his right in lands held in Ametehalgh in 
Ribchester; ibid. no. 233. In 1309 
Robert son of William Moton gave his 
brother Adam land called the Berridding 
Bank, bounded on one side by the high 
way to Ribchester Church ; ibid. no. 272. 
From the plea of 1282 above cited it 
would seem that a Richard Moton was 
the heir ; perhaps he died and Robert, a 
younger brother or else an uncle, suc- 
ceeded. There was an escheat to the 
chief lord, or a guardianship, for in 1292 
Robert Moton claimed two-thirds of a 
messuage and lands in Ribchester and 
5 markates of rent against Alice widow 
of Edmund de Lacy, and the other third 
against Edith widow of William Moton ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 73, 4 d. In 1293 
de Lacy released to Robert Moton a 
capital messuage and a moiety of the 
rents, services, &c., which had come into 
his hands by the death of William Moton 
father of Robert ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 
Robert Moton was lord of Ribchester in 
1302 ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 985. 

Uncertainty is created by the appear- 
ance of Robert and William sons of Adam 
Moton in other suits of 1292 (Assize 
R. 408, m. 36 d., 36), and by the claim 
of Thomas son of Orm de Ribchester 
against Richard son of William Moton, 
Cecily daughter of Robert Moton and the 
above-named Edusa wife of Richard le 
Sothron, the last-named holding in dower; 
ibid. m. 31. 

Robert son of Adam Moton and Richard 
his brother frequently occur in the Rib- 
chester deeds in Add. MS. 32106. Adam 
son of Roger son of William de Ribchester 
gave lands to Robert son of Adam Moton 
in free marriage with Alice his sister ; 
ibid. no. 239. 

22 Robert was probably living at that 
time, for in 1309 Robert son of William 
Moton agreed with his brother Adam re- 
specting certain land which Robert was to 
grant from his waste ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 496, fol. 330^. Henry Moton was a 
witness. In 1313 Beatrix de Kuerden 
successfully claimed certain pasture in 
Ribchester against the representatives of 
Hugh de Dilworth, whose son Richard 
had had a grant of it from Robert son of 
William Moton, lord of Ribchester ; 
Assize R. 424, m. 3. Richard was then 
dead, and Robert also, Henry Moton 
appearing for the defendants. 

William son of Robert Moton (Mittun) 
and Alice his wife in 1305 claimed 
a tenement against Avice daughter of 
Richard son of William de Ribchester ; 
De Banco R. 153, m. 29. At the same 
time Robert Moton was defendant ; ibid. 
m. 317 d. 

In 1317 William son of Robert Moton, 
with the consent of Alice his wife, de- 
mised six butts of land to Henry Moton 

46 



for the term of Alice's life ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 308. Alice widow of William 
was in 1331 the wife of William Bisset, 
as appears by a pleading cited below. 

William son of Robert Moton of Rib- 
chester confirmed to Robert his brother a 
place in his waste lying on the west side 
of Fallonwelhalgh ; ibid. no. 452, fol. 
322. 

Alice widow of Robert (? William) 
Moton had dower in 1330; Shireburne 
Abstract Bk. 

23 Whalley Couch, iii, 874. Robert son 
of John de Hilliley granted to Henry son 
of William Moton all his lands in Rib- 
chester, with the homages of various 
tenants; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), H 285. About 1300 Henry Moton 
had from Adam de Blackburn the homage 
of Richard de Hurst and the rent of 
lot/, for his lands ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
244. Henry also obtained a small grant 
from Simon son of Richard son of 
Ellis de Ribchester ; Kuerden MSS. iv, 
R 14. 

From the release to Whalley and from 
the fact that Henry's name is almost 
invariably placed before those of others of 
the family in local deeds of the latter part 
of the reign of Edward II, it appears that 
he was the head of the family or at least 
its senior member. William son of Henry 
Moton and Agnes his wife were in 1334 
accused of having, so far back as 
1320, struck a woman at Dutton so 
that she died ; Coram Rege R. 298, Rex 
m. 1 8. 

Henry had several sons. As 'Henry 
de Moton of Ribchester the elder* he 
granted his son Walter land in the Hagh, 
with meadow, buildings, &c., in 1328; 
Kuerden MSS. iii, R 9. Walter son of 
Henry Moton in 1359 made a feoffment 
of lands he had had from his brother 
Henry; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), M 77. Henry son of Henry Moton 
leased some of his land to William son of 
Henry Moton in 1329 ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 291. In the same year a grant was 
made to Henry son of Henry Moton and 
Nicholas his brother ; ibid. no. 482, fol. 
328. Henry Moton in 1337 gave half 
an acre in Erley in Ribchester, William 
Moton, Robert his brother and Robert 
son of Adam Moton being witnesses ; 
ibid. no. 264. In 1346 Henry Moton 
released a rent he had received from 
Erley, Robert son of Robert Moton and 
Robert son of Adam Moton being the 
first witnesses; ibid. no. 470, fol. 325. 
Nicholas Moton occurs again in Dutton ; 
ibid. no. 288. He was living in 1360, 
when he and his wife Cecily obtained a 
quitclaim from Richard son of Adam le 
Seinturc of Aighton respecting lands of 
Richard's mother Diota, formerly belong- 
ing to Richard Willison de Ribchester ; 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 8, m. 1 20 ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 254. The same 
lands were in 1369 released by Cecily 
widow of Nicholas Moton and Alice her 
sister ; ibid. no. 302. 

In 1329 various acres in Ribchester 
were claimed against Henry Moton the 
younger, William Moton, Richard Moton 
and Nicholas son of Henry Moton ; De 
Banco R. 279, m. 405 d. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



his wife occur in 1 3 3 1 . 24 William died in or before 
i 342, in which year his widow Isabel was suing Robert 
Moton his brother for two-thirds of the manor of Rib- 
chester. 25 In 1337 Robert Moton, perhaps the same 
or else son of William, was stated to hold the manor 
of Isabella Queen of England by the service of $s. 
yearly. 26 Robert was again in 1346 called chief lord 
of Ribchester. 27 Katherine, the heiress in 1361, was 
apparently his daughter, or perhaps a granddaughter. 28 



RIBCHESTER 

In or before 1 373 she married William de Lynalx, 29 
and was living, a widow, in 1407, being then de- 
scribed as lady of Ribchester. 30 Their son John 
Lynalx succeeded 31 ; but though the family retained 
the lordship till 1581, when Robert Lynalx sold it to 
Hugh Shireburne, second son of Sir Richard Shire- 
burne of Stonyhurst, 32 practically nothing is known 
of their history. 33 From Hugh the manor passed to 
Sir Richard Shireburne, 34 and descended in the 



24 William as lord of Ribchcster at- 
tested a charter in 1329 ; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 1497. 

The manor of Ribchester was given to 
William Moton and Isabel his wife in 
1331 by Robert Ragh, chaplain; Robert 
son of Adam Moton was a witness ; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1195. In the 
same year Adam de Clitheroe appeared 
against William Moton concerning the 
manor of Ribchester and against William 
Bisset and Alice his wife concerning 16 
acres of land in the township ; De Banco 
R. 287, m. 380 d. ; 290, m. 77 d. The 
latter suit was prosecuted in the following 
year, when William Moton appeared and 
stated that the 1 6 acres were part of his 
inheritance, held by Alice in dower, while 
the plaintiff alleged that they had be- 
longed to his father Hugh de Clitheroe 
until Robert Moton had disseised him ; 
ibid. 292, m. 98 d. 

William Moton was styled 'lord of 
Ribchester' in 1338 and 1341, according 
to the Towneley transcripts ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 245, 301, 463, fol. 324. 
William and Robert his brother attested 
Ribchester charters in 1338 and 1342 ; 
ibid. no. 230, 300. 

25 De Banco R. 332, m. 30. The de- 
fendant is called Robert Moton of Rib- 
chester. Isabel continued her suit in 
1344 against Robert for two-thirds of the 
manor (except a messuage and 10^ acres), 
and against some others ; ibid. 340, 
m. 5 5 7 d. Two years later Robert Moton 
summoned Robert son of William Moton 
to warrant him as to the two-thirds of 
the manor ; ibid. 348, m. 427. In 
1347 Isabel widow of William Moton 
came to an agreement with Robert son 
of Robert Moton ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

26 In an inquiry as to the proposed en- 
dowment of Bailey Chapel ; Inq. p.m. 
10 Edw. II (2nd nos.), no. 10. 

Robert son of Adam Moton is fre- 
quently named. He is probably the 
Robert Moton who, with his sons Adam 
and William, was in 1334 alleged to hold 
5 acres wrongfully, by Amery widow of 
Roger at Kirkstyle ; De Banco R. 300, 
m. 13. 

27 Add. MS. 32106, no. 249. By a 
charter of the same year Robert son of 
Henry son of Walter Moton, chief lord of 
Ribchester, reduced the free rent due from 
certain tenements from 2s. to zod.; ibid, 
no. 242. A William Moton attested this 
deed. The descent here stated is not 
otherwise known, but it is clear there were 
many Roberts as contemporaries. The 
date may have been copied wrongly. 

In 1349 Robert son of Robert Moton 
was lord of Ribchester ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 450 (fol. 322). This deed was a 
grant by Robert son of Adam Moton to 
his sons William and Thomas ; a witness 
was Robert son and heir of Robert son of 
Adam Moton. In the same year Robert 
son of Robert Moton granted a messuage 
and land called Falwelshalgh, Walter 
Moton being a witness ; ibid. no. 293. 
On the other hand in 1355 Robert son 



of William Moton granted his manor of 
Ribchester to William de Whalley (no 
doubt as trustee), with all homages, 
services and rents ; Kuerden fol. MS. 
250. 

Not long before (in 1353) Richard 
Moton of Ribchester had settled his lands 
on his daughter Agnes and her issue, with 
remainder to William son of Robert 
Moton, chaplain ; ibid. no. 299. William 
Moton was a subdeacon in 1350; ibid, 
no. 253. In 1361 his brother Robert, 
here styled Robert son of Robert de Rib- 
chester, released all his claim in the estate 
of the above-named Richard Moton ; ibid, 
no. 262. William was still living in 1408 
(ibid. no. 256), and seems to have been 
one of the chief promoters of the chantry 
at the north side of the church, even if he 
were not the true founder, and he was 
specially named as one of those to be 
prayed for; ibid. no. 364. 

28 Katherine widow of Robert Moton 
in 1361 released her claim for dower 
against Katherine daughter of Robert 
Moton ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

39 Final Cone, ii, 185 ; the manor was 
settled on William de Lynalx and Kathe- 
rine his wife, with remainders to the issue 
of Katherine, and in default to Richard 
son of Alexander de Lynalx and his issue. 
William de Lynalx occurs at Ribchester in 
1369 ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 512. In 
1386 he was to go to Ireland on the 
king's service, but the protection was re- 
voked as he did not go ; Cal. Pat. 13859} 
pp. 156, 274. 

A release of lands which had belonged 
to Robert Moton was made to William de 
Lynalx and Katherine his wife in 1395-6; 
Shireburne Abstract Bk. 

The Lynalx family occurs in Pember- 
ton. The name is spelt in many ways ; 
e.g. Linales, Lennox, &c. 

80 Kuerden fol. MS. 247. As widow 
she had made a feoffment of her lands in 
1402 ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. She gave 
all her lands to John her son in 1405 ; 
ibid. 

81 John son of William Lynalx made 
Thomas Lynalx his attorney to receive 
from his mother Katherine certain lands 
in Ribchester; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, 
L 259. It appears that Thomas was also 
a son of William Lynalx, receiving from 
his father land in Mayridding, &c., in Rib- 
chester ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 516. 
Richard son of John Bradley of Dodhill 
was in 1408 pardoned for the death of 
Thomas Lynalx of Ribchester ; Pal. of 
Lane. Chan. Misc. 1/9, m. 33. 

The next in possession was Thurstan 
Lynalx, named in 1416 (Shireburne Ab- 
stract Bk.) and in 1418, when a certain 
William Hill, an idiot, was found to have 
held of him land called Sprodpoolhey by a 
rent of zzd.\ Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), 
i, 130 ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 14. 
In 1421 Thurstan granted a messuage 
in Ribchester to Christopher Hoghton ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1552. 

John Lynalx occurs from 1430 on- 
wards, and Richard Lynalx from about 

47 



1470. Thus in 1432 Thomas Southworth 
held land in Ribchester of John Lynalx ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 46. Again 
in 1449 John regranted Richard Towneley 
a parcel of land in Ribchester ; Add. MS. 
32104, no. 1117. He was styled lord of 
Ribchester in 1456 ; Shireburne Abstract 
Bk. 

Richard Lynalx in 1469 gave a lease to 
Ellis and Edward Cottam, Cecily widow 
of Thurstan Lynalx being apparently still 
living ; ibid. Richard attested a deed in 
1472 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 485, fol. 328. 
In 1491-2 he and Thomas his son and 
heir-apparent were also witnesses ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 1006. Richard, who in 
1512-13 married Elizabeth widow of John 
Elston of Ribbleton (Shireburne Ab- 
stracts), occurs in inquisitions, &c., down 
to about 1522. In 1516 he made a feoff- 
ment of his messuages and lands in 
Ribchester and Dilworth ; Kuerden fol. 
MS. 246. 

From various inquisitions (Robert Sin- 
gleton and others) it appears that Thomas 
Lynalx was lord in 1525, John Lynalx his 
son (Shireburne Abstracts) in 1 5 30-40 and 
Robert Lynalx in 1547 onwards. Isabel 
widow of Thomas Lynalx had dower in 
1536 ; Shireburne Abstract Bk. Robert 
Lynalx in 1548 was one of the defendants 
in a plea respecting chantry lands in Rib- 
chester ; Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), i, 
225. In 1575 Robert is called son and 
heir of John Lynalx when claiming Hall 
heys, &c., in the manor of Ribchester 
against John Talbot and Robert his bastard 
son ; ibid, ii, 328 ; iii, 23, 29. 

32 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 43, 
m. 155. The Lynalx family do not appear 
to have retained the whole manor, for in 
1588 Hugh Shireburne purchased the 
manor, with messuages, free fishery, &c., 
from John Talbot and his bastard son 
Robert, whose wife Elizabeth also agreed ; 
ibid. bdle. 50, m. 87. Two years later 
still Hugh purchased the manor, with 
messuages in Ribchester and Dilworth, 
fishery in the Ribble, and the advowson of 
the church, from John Squire ; ibid, 
bdle. 52, m. 31. It does not appear how 
these manors originated ; the latter vendor 
may have had some claim through the 
Lynalx family by purchase or descent. 
The Talbot ' manor ' is named in Ducatus 
Lane. (Rec. Com.), i, 304 ; iii, 228. 

88 Neither pedigree nor inquisition is 
known. They were styled 'gent.' not 
' esq.' Their arms are given in Whitaker, 
Whalley (ed. Nicholls), ii, 459 n. 

84 Hugh Shireburne of Esholt in York- 
shire left no sons, and in his purchase of 
Ribchester may have been acting for his 
father ; Sherborn, Family of Sherborn, 
102-3. 

Sir Richard Shireburne died in 1594 
holding the manor, with messuages, water- 
mill, &c., in conjunction with Hugh Shire- 
burne ; the tenure was unknown ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 3. The Shire- 
burnes seem to have had a tenement in 
Ribchester much earlier than this ; sec 
ibid, viii, no. 27. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



same way as Stonyhurst 35 until 1831, when it was 
sold to Joseph Fenton of Rochdale, and it has since 
descended with Dutton. 36 

A manor of Ribchester is named among the 
Osbaldeston estates in l6z5. 37 

A number of the neighbouring landowners had 



estates in Ribchester, including Hoghton, 38 Single- 
ton, 39 Southworth, 40 and Talbot. 41 Of the minor 
families some used the local surname, 42 but the most 
noteworthy was that of Boys, which can be traced 
back to the I3th century. 43 John Boys died in 
July 1551 holding three messuages and various lands 



84 In 1593 the manor was settled on 
Richard Shireburne (ton of Sir Richard) 
and his heirs male, and as his son Henry 
died without issue it went to his second 
son Richard, aged thirty-seven, in 1628 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 4. 
The tenure was unknown. The manor 
is again named among the estates of 
Thomas Duke of Norfolk and Mary his 
wife in 1719 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 284, m. 81. Also in later re- 
coveries 1737 and 1777 (Weld). 

36 Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1836), iii, 382. 
Courts used then to be held twice a year, 
in May and October. The court rolls 
arc extant from 1821 only. 

7 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 107, 
m. 36. Sir Edward Osbaldeston, John 
his ion and heir, and others were de- 
forciants. No ' manor,' however, was 
claimed at the death of Sir Edward or 
of his son John, but only a messuage 
called the Boathousefield in Ribchester, 
the tenure of which is not stated ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 15, 40. 

88 This family's holding was of ancient 
date, and some of their charters have been 
cited in the account of the Moton family. 

Sir Henry Hoghton in 1424 held lands 
in Ribchester of the king as duke ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 45. William 
Hoghton held lands in 1500 of the king 
by services unknown ; ibid, ii, 127. This, 
or ' in socage by fealty,' was the usual 
record in the later inquisitions. 

89 Robert Singleton of Brockholes died 
in 1525 holding a messuage, &c., in 
Ribchester of Thomas Lynalx by a rent 
of i$d. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, 
no. 64. His son William held it in 1573 
of Robert Lynalx by a rent of i6d. ; ibid. 
xii, no. 34. 

John Singleton of Chingle Hall held a 
messuage of John Lynalx in 1530 ; ibid, 
vi, no. 32. John Singleton held the 
same of Robert Lynalx in 1571 ; ibid, 
xiii, no. 1 6. 

40 Thomas Southworth of Samlesbury 
in 1432 held a messuage of John Lynalx ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 46. 
In 1502 it was found that the tenement 
was held of Richard Lynalx by a rent of 
id. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, 
no. 41. 

41 The Talbots may have succeeded the 
Clithcroe family. Henry de Clitheroe 
claimed land in 1292 as brother and heir 
of Alice who had been wife of Adam de 
Blackburn ; Assize R. 408, m. 1 8, 3 1 d. 

Disputes afterwards arose between the 
Blackburn and Clitheroe families ; Assize 
R. 1299, m. 1 6 d. ; De Banco R. 152, m. 
89. See also Final Cone, ii, 64 ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 42. 

Sir John Talbot of Salesbury held land 
in Ribchester of Richard Lynalx in 1511 ; 
ibid. 144. John Talbot in 1588 held 
lands of the Crown, formerly the Hos- 
pitallers ; ibid. 161. John Talbot had 
made several purchases ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdles. 37, m. 64 ; 39, m. 72 540, 
m. 106. 

42 The Ribchester family or families 
have occurred in former notes. One of 
the earliest named is Ellis, a clerk ; Final 
Cone, i, 51. Richard de Turnley granted 



part of his land in Turnley to William 
on of Adam son of Ellis de Ribchester ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 546. Richard son 
of Ellis complained in 1292 that Master 
Henry de Clayton was detaining a charter ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 94. He claimed 
reasonable estovers in the wood against 
Thomas de Singleton ; ibid. m. 54 d. He 
was perhaps the Richard de Ribchester, 
clerk, who was non-suited in his claim 
for a tenement against Richard son of 
Adam de Ribchester and Adam de Lingard ; 
ibid. m. 42. 

Robert son of Ellis was concerned in 
several suits of the same year. He com- 
plained that Richard son of William de 
Ribchester, Isabel his wife and William 
his son had disseised him of a strip of 
land, but was non-suited ; ibid. m. 49 d. 
In 1313-14 Robert son of William son 
of Robert son of Ellis de Ribchester 
sought four messuages, 26 acres of land, 
&c., against his elder brother Henry (a 
minor), William de Livesey and William 
son of Robert de Osbaldeston, alleging a 
grant from his father, and succeeded ; 
Assize R. 424, m. 2 d. 

Roger son of William de Ribchester 
gave land in Turnley to his son Richard ; 
Kuerden MSS. iii, R. 9. Richard son of 
Roger Willison in 1331 claimed land (by 
grant of one Simon) against John son of 
Richard Franceys and Amery his wife 
(tenants in right of Amery, who was 
sister and heir of Simon), and against 
Adam son of Richard Franceys ; Assize 
R. 1404, m. 26. 

Simon son of Richard son of Ellis de 
Ribchester made a grant to Henry Moton ; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 368. Diana widow 
of Adam son of Simon released her dower 
in certain land to William son of Richard 
de Ribchester, who had purchased the 
land from her daughters Margery and 
Maud ; Kuerden fol. MS. 357. The seal 
bore the inscription s' IORDA . . CLERICI. 
John son of Richard son of Simon occurs 
in 1340, when he gave lands to Roger de 
Elston and Amabel his wife for life ; 
Kuerden MSS. iii, R. 9. Roger son of 
Roger de Elston was plaintiff in 1346, 
Robert son of Robert Moton being de- 
fendant ; Assize R. 1444, m. 7. The Elston 
family occur later ; Kuerden, loc. cit. 

Uctred son of Warine de Ribchester 
gave land in Shippenley to Adam son of 
Ellis de Ribchester ; ibid. Richard son 
of Adam de Hurst in 1313 gave a moiety 
of his land between Bolingbrook and 
Shippenley Clough to William son of 
Uctred de Ribchester; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 869. The grantee afterwards (1314) 
gave his capital messuage (lying in Rib- 
chester between John de Preston's land 
and the Brendeyerd) to Henry son of 
Beatrice de Kuerden ; ibid. no. 456, 
fol. 323. William son of Uctred was 
living in 1342 ; ibid. no. 260. 

Thomas son of Orm in 1285 sought 
a messuage and an oxgang of land against 
Robert son of Ellis de Ribchester ; De 
Banco R. 60, m. 83 d. The same Thomas 
gave to Roger de Turnley a toft near 
Shippenley Clough in 1316; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 428, fol. 318. 

Cecily daughter and heir of Richard 

4 8 



ion of William Atkokson in 1341 gave 
to Henry de Ribchester, chaplain, all her 
meadow in Exgangedoles in the Town 
meadows; ibid. no. 289. To the same 
Henry Roger son of William Atkokson 
made a grant in Turnley ; ibid. no. 265. 
Alice and Cecily, daughters of William 
son of Richard de Ribchester, in the same 
year granted to Adam son of Robert son 
of Adam Moton a plat called the Fall, 
lying between the outlanefrom Cornleyyeth 
to Tillycarr and Robert Franceys' lands, 
and between the outlane to Hothersall 
and land of Robert son of William son of 
Nicholas ; ibid. no. 429, fol. 318. John 
son of William Atkokson occurs in 1 342 ; 
ibid. no. 491 (fol. 329). 

Robert son of William Ribchester in 
1403 acquired the lands of Agnes wife of 
Dawkin de Claughton and sister of Henry 
Hodgson ; Kuerden fol. MS. 73. In 
1421 Katherine widow of Robert Rib- 
chester made a feoffment of the lands, 
&c., she had had from her husband ; ibid. 
357. Percival Ribchester and Robert his 
brother occur in 1443-4 ; ibid. 87. In 
1447 Percival gave land in the place called 
Shorten to Robert Halgh ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 269. It maybe added that 
Robert Halgh gave his lands to John 
Talbot of Salesbury as trustee, and that 
the latter's son John in 1474 released 
them to John Halgh son of Robert ; ibid. 
no. 278, 810. Robert son and heir of 
John Ribchester occurs in 1539 ; Kuerden 
fol. MS. 396. 

John Ribchester in 1 542 gave his son 
Richard the reversion of a house tenanted 
by Robert Ribchester the elder, brother 
of grantor ; ibid. 357. From an indenture 
of 1588 it appears that Robert Ribchester's 
lands, after two transfers, were acquired 
by John Dcwhurst ; ibid. 384 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 27, m. 67. 

Of the other minor families some of 
whom, as Shippenley, Hilliley, Turnley 
and Franceys, have been named only occa- 
sional notices are found. Alice daughter 
of Thomas son of Roger de Shippenley and 
her son Henry in 1306 claimed a mes- 
suage and land against Adam the son and 
heir of Thomas and Amabel the widow 
of Thomas ; Assize R. 420, m. 5. Alice 
daughter of Avice de Shippenley obtained 
a judgement in 1358 against Henry de 
Kuerden and Eva his wife respecting a 
tenement in Ribchester ; Assize R. 438, 
m. 3. For the Kuerden estate see Final 
Cone, ii, 156. John de Hilliley gave his 
son Robert the land of Stanlaw Abbey 
except what he had given with Agnes his 
daughter to Henry de Dutton ; Kuerden 
MSS. iv, R. 14. Cecily widow of William 
de Hilliley was complainant in 1358 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 6, m. 4 d. She 
may have been the Cecily who in 
1352 was wife of John son of Robert de 
Turnley ; ibid. 2, m. I d. Richard le 
Franceys was called to warrant William 
son of Roger son of William de Ribchestei 
in 1303, when Agnes widow of Richard 
de Turnlache sought dower in certain 
land ; De Banco R. 145, m. 171 d. 

43 An early grant to Richard son of 
Robert de Boys (Bosco) has been cited 
above. A William son of Robert de 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



in Ribchester of Robert Lynalx in socage by a rent of 
2s. 3^. 44 His daughter Grace, then aged twelve, was 
first married to Robert Talbot, but separating from 
him wls married to John Dewhurst of Wilpshire, 45 
and carried the Boys' estate to this family. 46 

Roger Shireburne of Buckley died in 1605 hold- 
ing various lands of the king by knight's service, and 
leaving as heir a son Richard, then aged six. 47 
Buckley Hall, which stood about a mile to the 
north-west of the town, was pulled down in 1895. 
It was a picturesque gabled stone house with 



RIBCHESTER 

mullioned windows, but for some time before its 
demolition had been spoiled externally by a thick 
coating of whitewash. On the front was inscribed : 

NEW BUCKLEY IS MY NAME, 

RIC SHERBVRNE BVILT THE SAME 

ANNO l662, AGED 6z. 48 

The Walmsleys of Dunkenhalgh 4S and Showley 80 
acquired estates, and other owners occur in the 
inquisitions. 81 The late T. H. Rymer of Calder 
Abbey inherited in 1902 a considerable estate here. 



Boys had land in Dutton about 1250; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 133. John son of 
Alexander de Boys in 1292 claimed a debt 
from his brother Jordan ; Assize R. 408, 
m. 98. In 1390-1 Cecily widow of 
William de Healey and Cecily his 
daughter and heir settled certain lands 
in Ribchester with remainders to Nicholas 
de Boys, Alice his wife, John son of 
Robert de Turnley and Alice sister of 
John ; Townley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), R 70. Henry son of Nicholas 
Boys was living in 1435 ; ibid. T 128. 
John Boys was witness in 1403 ; Kuerden 
fol. MS. 73. Robert brother and executor 
of John Boys was plaintiffin 1445 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 8, m. 2. Ellis Boys of Rib- 
chester found security for 20 in 1457 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Chan. Misc. i/i, no. 50. 

Lawrence Cottam of Garstang in 1488 
released to John son of the late Henry 
Boys his right in the lands, &c., recently 
owned by Roger Elston in Ribchester ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. 87. In 1520 John 
Talbot of Salesbury granted Henry Boys a 
messuage on lease (ibid. 397) ; and in 
1524 Sir Thomas Southworth exchanged 
lands in Ribchester for Henry's lands in 
Mellor and Samlesbury ; ibid. 386. Henry 
Boys made a feoffment 'of his lands, &c., 
in Ribchester (except Moton House) in 
1543 ; Add. MS. 32104, no. 698. 

44 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 64. 
He had also a tenement in Oswaldtwistle. 
From later pleadings it appears that John 
was the son and heir of Henry Boys. 

44 The divorce was granted in or about 
1562, because the marriage had taken 
place in childhood without the consent of 
Grace ; Furnivall, Child Marriages (Early 
Engl. Text Soc.), 16. Robert Talbot and 
others in 1563 became bound to William 
Dewhurst of Wilpshire and John his son 
to abide the award of an arbitration con- 
cerning Boys House and other lands, &c., 
in Ribchester ; Add. MS. 32104, no. 714. 
John Dewhurst and Grace his wife de- 
mised a plat of land called Cockcroft to 
Richard Watson in 1565 ; Kuerden fol. 
MS. 95. They were still living in 1590, 
when they made a feoffment of the 
capital messuage called Boys House, &c. ; 
ibid. Again, in 1599, they made a settle- 
ment by fine ; ibid. 94. 

There is a pedigree in the 1613 Visit. 
(Chet. Soc.), 96 ; see also the account of 
Wilpshire, and T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 

2 3S-7- 

4 * There were a number of suits before 
the succession was settled. In 1565 
Robert Talbot complained that, whereas 
Boys House should be in his possession 
in right of his wife Grace, the Dewhursts 
had entered, and were cutting down 
hedges, destroying ' the great timber 
woods and underwoods,' &c. The de- 
fendants alleged the divorce and new mar- 
riage of Grace to John Dewhurst ; Duchy 
of Lane. Plead. Eliz. Ixv, T 5. 

In 1576 William Boys of Great FaMag 



in Middlesex, son of Edward and grand- 
son of Henry Boys, sought to recover 
Boys House, the ferry over the Ribble 
known as 'the ferry of Osboston,' &c., 
alleging that Grace, the child of his uncle 
John Boys, was illegitimate. The de- 
fendants stated that John Boys was 
divorced from his first wife Anne Dew- 
hurst before he was married to Alice 
Rodes, and that it had been decided in 
court in 1557 that Grace should enjoy the 
Boys estate ; Duchy of Lane. Plead. 
Eliz. xcix, B 1 8 ; cvi, 615; ccx, D 7. 

William Dewhurst, son of John and 
Grace, died at Ribchester in 1621 hold- 
ing Boys House, &c., of Richard Shire- 
burne ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 284. The surname long 
remained known in the township. 

47 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 58-61. The holding was a 
composite one. Two messuages with 
land called the Hagges were held of the 
king as of his duchy of Lancaster by the 
2ooth part of a knight'.! fee, a half 
rood of land was held by the 3OOth 
part of a fee, 2 acres called Sprodspool 
by the 2ooth part, and the rest by the 
twentieth part of a fee. A settlement is 
recited, made by Richard Shireburne, the 
father of Roger, in 1589-90, relating to 
the capital messuage called Buckley, and 
giving the names of fields, lanes, &c. as 
Turnley, Chester gate and Kendal heys. 

In the pedigree by Mr. C. D. Sherborn 
(Fam. of Sherborn, 104-8) it is stated that 
Richard the father was a son of Roger 
Shireburne of Wolfhouse in Chipping, 
and that Richard the son (who built New 
Buckley in 1662) died in 1674 without 
issue. It appears, however, that Richard 
the father was a brother of Roger of 
Wolfhouse (ibid. 57-9), for in 1554 a 
settlement of an estate in Ribchester 
which seems to be certainly that of Buck- 
ley was made by Robert Shireburne and 
Margery his wife in favour of their son 
Richard. In default of issue the lands 
were to go to Richard son of Sir Richard 
Shireburne of Stonyhurst ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 15, m. 65. 

Buckley is named in a 13th-century 
grant by William Moton to Thomas son 
of Ralph de Ribchester ; Towneley MS. 
OO, no. 1210. 

In the 1 8th century Buckley Hall was 
tenanted by a family named Pye ; Smith, 
op. cit. 253-6. 

48 Smith, Hist, of Ribchester, 240. 

49 Roger de Walmersley in 1360 had 
lands in right of his wife Alice, who seems 
to have been an Ellel ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 
xxxii, App. 343. Robert de Walmerlegh 
alias Walmesleye of Ribchester received a 
pardon in 1400-1 ; Pal. of Lane. Chan. 
Misc. 1/9, m. 146. 

In 1550 or later Alexander Walmsley 
of Elston, Margaret his wife and Robert 
and Thomas their sons acquired various 
Innds, which seem to have passed to the 

49 



Dewhurst family; Add. MS. 32104, 
no. 1128, 693, &c. ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 19, m. 64 ; 45, m. 169. 

Thomas Walmsley, father of Sir 
Thomas and Richard, purchased a mes- 
suage, &c., from Richard Singleton and 
Alice his wife in 1562; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 24, m. 10. He added 
other lands, more especially for his 
younger son 5 but in 1 5 84, in the in- 
quisition after his death, the tenure of his 
estate in Ribchester is not recorded ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 72. 
The son, Sir Thomas Walmsley of 
Dunkenhalgh, at his death in 1612 held 
his moiety of lands here in socage ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
249, 252. The tenants' names are given. 

In 1653 Dame Anne Lucas of Dunken- 
halgh and Thomas son and heir of 
Nicholas Walmsley of London sought 
allowance of their title to a tenement in 
Ribchester leased to Thomas Dewhurst 
in 1597. Two-thirds had been seques- 
tered for the recusancy of Leonard 
Walmsley, deceased, husband of Eliza- 
beth Dewhurst (one of the lives) ; Cal. 
Com. for Comp. iv, 3 1 *-6. 

50 Richard Walmsley of Showley 
(brother of Sir Thomas) had part of his 
father's lands ; his principal acquisition 
was that of the Preston family's estate in 
1593 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 55, 
m. 92. He died in 1609 holding Fasten- 
fields of the king by knight's service ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 149. This 
had belonged to the Hospitallers. 

At one time the family resided at 
Ribchester, Richard Walmsley being 
described as 'of Ribchester' when he 
registered his estate as a ' Papist ' in 
1717; Estcourt and Payne, Eng. Cath. 
Non-jurors, loo. Part of their estate was 
in 1867 given to the support of the alms- 
houses ; End. Char. Rep. 

61 In the earlier fines and pleadings 
names of owners occur, but these have 
usually to be recorded also in other town- 
ships ; e.g. Dodhull and Hurst, 1335, 
and Hayhurst, 1355 ; Final Cone, ii, 96, 
147. Shaw of Elston held land in 1446 ; 
ibid, iii, 1 1 2. 

A small part of the land given to the 
Hoghton chantry in 1407 was held of 
Robert Townley by the rent of 2*.; Inq. 
a.q.d. file 435, no. 26. Henry son ot" 
Robert Townley had lands in Cliviger, 
Ribchester and Dutton in 1420 ; Towne- 
ley MS. DD, no. 2020. Alice widow of 
John Anderton of Ribchester in 1453-4 
leased her lands to John Towneley of 
Birtwistle and afterwards sold them ; 
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 
A 4 9, 50. Richard Towneley had landi 
in the township in 1447 and 1473 ; ibid. 
B 297, 301, 304. Richard Townley of 
Dutton in 1618 held his lands in Rib- 
chester and Dilworth of Richard Shire- 
burne by 6d. rent ; Lanes. Inq, p.m. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 137. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



In 1524 Robert Walmersley and Henry Boys con- 
tributed to the subsidy for their lands in Ribchester 
and Dilworth. 82 In 1543 Robert Linalx, Henry 
Boyes and Robert Walmsley the elder so contri- 
buted. 63 John Rodes and Richard Ward were free- 
holders in i6oo. 54 In the 1626 Subsidy Roll no 
landowners are named ; John Osbaldeston was a 
convicted recusant, and a large number paid as non- 
communicants. 55 John Ward paid 10 on re- 
fusing knighthood in 1 63 1. 56 The Civil War does 
not seem to have affected any of the resident land- 
owners, 57 but in 1717 two or three had to register 
estates as * Papists.' 58 

A rental of the wapentake compiled in l662 59 
shows that Richard Shireburne paid zs. \d. for the 
manor of Ribchester and is. for a house there ; 
another Richard Shireburne paid il</. for Buckley, 



Richard Ward 6</. for Ward Green, Richard Darwen 
is. for Swinglehurst, William Dewhurst "]d. for 
Boys House, Richard Dewhurst and Thomas Shaw 3^. 
for Idesforth and Edward Walmsley ^d. for' Rodes 
Mill. There were other tenants. 

In 1354 Adam Bibby demised land in Ribchester 
to William de Bradley, ferryman, who was to hold it 
by paying I id. rent and ferrying men across the 
river. If the men of the place should wish to build 
a wood or stone bridge, then the rector of Rib- 
chester or the lord of Osbaldeston might sell the lands 
and apply the money to the bridge. 60 The date of 
the building of the bridge is uncertain 61 ; the ferry 
continued in use until 1903. The ferryman was 
the occupant of Boathouse Farm, about half a mile 
south-west of the church and opposite Osbaldeston 
Hall on the other side of the Ribble. 62 



Henry Preston of Preston died in 
1549 holding land in Ribchester of the 
king as of the late priory of St. John of 
Jerusalem by a rent of 6d. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 19 ; x, no. 10. 
The estate, including a fishery in the 
Ribble, was sold in 1593 to Richard 
Walmsley as above. A Preston family 
is of early occurrence, for in 1292 Robert 
son of Adam de Preston held the moiety 
of a messuage and 40 acres in Ribchester 
in right of his wife Margery ; they were 
claimed by Margery the infant daughter 
of Adam $on of Bernard de Ribchester ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 1 5 d. Adam son of 
Robert de Preston in 1313-14 claimed 
messuages and lands against John de 
Preston (apparently his son) and others ; 
Assize R. 424, m. 2 d. Robert Preston 
was in 1472-82 the feoffee of Alexander 
Halgh's estate at Goddisbrook in Rib- 
chester ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 270, 1016. 

William son of Richard Blackburn was 
in 1552 reputed to be an idiot. He had 
sold his lands, and his father's heirs, 
Roger Salebury and Ellen wife of Henry 
Seed, put in a claim as kinsmen and heirs ; 
they were aged twenty-six and forty 
respectively, and Ellen was William's 
sister ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 
13 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 13, 
m. 121. Both Blackburn and Seed are 
names of long standing in the district. 
William Blackburn had land there in 
1443 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 341. Robert 
Seed in 1564 held three messuages, &c. ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 125. 
Robert Seed, senior and junior, were pur- 
chasers in 1589 and John Seed in 1590 ; 
ibid, bdles. 51, m. 212; 52, m. 40. 
Roger Seed sold to William Charnley 
' n I 577> an d the purchaser and his wife 
Alice settled their lands in Ribchester and 
Dilworth in 1579 ; ibid, bdles. 39, m. 55 ; 
41, m. 123. 

Hugh Ash's lands in Ribchester were 
held of the Crown ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. x, no. 35. See the accounts of 
Aighton and Dutton. George Ash, the 
son, appears to have sold his Ribchester 
lands to Richard Walmsley; PaL of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdles. 43, m. 143 ; 44, 
m. 215. 

Hugh Swansey of Chorley in 1566 held 
a little land in Ribchester of Robert 
Lynalx ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 
29. John Swansey in 1548 had held 
lands, &c., in Ribchester and Mellor, but 
they seem to have been sold to John 
South worth in 1559 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdles. 13, m. 190 ; 21, m. 96. 

William Burley died in 1558 holding 



a messuage of the queen by knight's 
service and the rent of 21. %d. ; Robert 
his son and heir was four years old ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 57. 
Robert died in 1617 holding as before 
and leaving as heir a son William, forty 
years of age ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), 

i, 77- 

George Newsham of Newsham in 1585 
held a messuage, &c., in Ribchester of 
Hugh Shireburne, younger son of Sir 
Richard, by a rent of 6d. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 88. Henry 
Newsham held of Richard Shireburne in 

1619 by the same rent ; Thomas his son 
and heir was twenty-three years of age ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), ii, 123. 

Thomas Sowerbutts died in 1594 
holding a messuage in Ribchester, for- 
merly part of the chantry endowment ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 20. 

The Halgh family has been named 
several times in former notes. It appears 
that Richard Crompton of Bury in 1 545 
purchased four messuages and a water- 
mill in Ribchester and Hothersall from 
Nicholas and George Halgh ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 199, 211. 
The purchaser made a settlement of his 
estate in 1556, the remainders being to 
George (son of John) Harper of Radcliffe, 
and to Richard (son of John) Crompton 
of Prestall ; ibid. bdle. 17, m. 134. The 
estate is very soon afterwards (1565) 
found in possession of Thomas Green- 
halgh, Jane his wife and Richard his son ; 
ibid. bdle. 27, m. 42. See T. C. Smith, 
Ribchester, 53. 

Michael Clarkson died in 1615 holding 
Whitecarr fall in Ribchester of Richard 
Shireburne ; he bequeathed this to a 
younger son John. William the son and 
heir was only seven years old ; Chan. 
Inq. p.m. dxx, 67. 

M Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 82. 

68 Ibid. no. 125. 

54 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 235 ; Smith, op. cit. 244. 

John Rodes purchased a messuage from 
Henry Preston in 1588 ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 50, m. 57. He died in 

1 620 owning Halgh House in Ribchester 
and other lands there of Richard Shire- 
burne by 4$. rent ; also lands in Dutton, 
Clayton-le-Dale and Preston ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 
216. John his son and heir, then thirty 
years of age, died in 1623, leaving two 
daughters as co-heirs, viz. Ellen and 
Margaret, aged four and three respec- 
tively ; ibid, iii, 360. The Jauden House 
was part of the estate. 

50 



Richard Ward was one of the pur- 
chasers from William Blackburn the 
idiot; Ducatus Lane, ii, 177, 219; iii, 
1 20, &c. For the family see Smith, 
op. cit. 256. 

56 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 131, no. 317. 
John Osbaldeston, described as of Rib- 
chester, compounded for his recusancy in 
1630 by paying 2 101. a year; Trans. 
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 174. 

M Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 218. 

57 The estates of the Dewhursts, 
Walmsleys and Talbots suffered. 

58 Estcourt and Payne, op. cit. 91, 92. 
They were Richard Traffbrd, brother of 
John Traffbrd of Croston, and John 
Higgison, miller. 

*' In the possession of W. Farrer 
(' Honor of Clitheroe '). 

60 Towneley MS. OO, no. 1 508 ; the 
' Maydya ford of Ribble ' is named. 
Adam the Ferryman is known from a 
much earlier deed ; he paid a rent of %d. 
for his land to William son of Richard de 
Dutton, who released it to Adam de 
Blackburn ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 
141, 1196. 

The Bibby family is of frequent 
occurrence. Richard son of Bibby was 
in 1292 non-suited in a claim against 
Robert son of Ellis de Ribchester respect- 
ing certain lands ; Assize R. 408, m. 
57 d. William son of Richard son of 
Bibby attested a charter of about the 
same time; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
144. 

Adam Bibby, no doubt the benefactor, 
made claims for common of pasture in 
1356 against Sir Adam de Hoghton and 
others ; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 5, m. 
10 d. In the same year he granted to 
John de Osbaldeston and William Moton, 
chaplains, certain lands he had had from 
William his father and John his brother, 
lying in landoles in the field called Erley ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 456 (fol. 323). 
He had given a messuage to his brother 
Thomas in 1354 ; ibid. no. 208. 

The land for the ferry may be the 
Boathouse field named in the Osbaldeston 
inquisition already cited. 

61 In 1669 an old bridge was replaced 
by one destroyed in 1772 by a flood ; 
the present one was built two years 
later ; Smith, op. cit. 263. 

62 Boathouse Farm was purchased from 
the Warren heirs (de Tabley) in 1854 by 
Jonathan Openshaw ; information of Mr. 
James Openshaw, who adds that there 
was formerly a ford a little above the 
ferry. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



The Hospitallers 63 and Whalley Abbey had lands 
in Ribchester. 64 

From the land tax return of 1788 it appears that 
Mr. Walmsley and esquire Hinks were the chief 
landowners. 65 

An Inclosure Act for Chipping, Mitton and Rib- 
chester was passed in l8o8, 66 and under it the 
boundaries of the manors of Ribchester and Button 
were fixed. 67 

The parish church has been described. There is 
a Church of England Evangelical Protestant Mission- 
room in the town. 

The history of the Congregational cause at Knowl 
Green goes back to preaching begun at Lum Mills 
in 1814, but afterwards discontinued, 68 and the 
chapel, 1827-31, owes its rise to the zeal of an 
artisan. A new chapel was built in i867. 69 

Of the persistency of the Roman Catholic religion 
in the township and district there are numerous 
tokens. Various persons were presented to the Bishop 
of Chester in 1622 as 'seducers and harbourers of 
seminary priests.' 70 Again in 1635, when trade rivals 
sought to check one John Cutler, a Ribchester shop- 
keeper, they said he was ' by his confession a con- 
victed recusant, an utter enemy of the blessed word 
of God both in argument and life,' who ' commonly, 
for the most part weekly, used to go to where priests 
of his profession [were] harboured to say mass,' and 
they wished him to be summoned before the assize 
judges and required to take the oath of supremacy, to 
discover ' whether there be in him any loyalty to his 
majesty or not.' 71 

James Standford, the benefactor, in 1695 left 
500 

for the maintenance of a good priest for ever at Stidd or Bailey 
Hall Chapel, if times permitted that public service could there be 
had ; otherwise to be for one who should serve in the country 
two miles round about the places of Stidd and Bailey Hall ; and 
he desired that the privilege of nominating one to enjoy the 
benefice should remain to Mr. Tempest and Mr. Westby and 
their families for ever, if they remained in the Catholic faith, 
otherwise should redound to some eminent Catholic of good repute 
in the said circuit ; provided that he whom they nominated 
should be a very exemplary, virtuous, careful, vigilant and 
sufficiently learned person, and that he should not be absent 
from his flock for above two or three days and that only upon 
extraordinary business 5 and he obliged him who enjoyed the 
benefice to say four masses every year for him and his family. 78 

The mission was served from Showley during the 
times of proscription. It is worthy of note that in 



RIBCHESTER 

1706-10 some baptisms and marriages are entered in 
the parish church registers as performed by a Roman, 
Romish, or Papist priest. The present chapel of 
SS. Peter and Paul, situated close to the boundary of 
Stidd, was opened in 1789. The priest in charge 
acts as chaplain to the adjacent almshouses. 73 

DILWORTH 

Bileuurde (for Dilewrde), Dom. Bk. ; Dileworth, 
1227; Dillesworth, 1284; Dilleworth, 1292. 

This township lies on the southern and western 
slope of Longridge Fell, the altitudes ranging from 
300 to 700 ft. above sea level. On the southern 
border is a large reservoir of the Preston Waterworks. 
The area of the township is 1,248 acres, 1 and there 
was a population of 2,439 in 190 1. 2 

The greater part of the little town of Longridge 
lies in the extreme west corner of the township, 
having a railway station, the terminus of a line from 
Preston, opened in l84O, 3 and owned by the London 
and North Western and Lancashire and Yorkshire 
Companies. From the town two main roads branch 
off, one to the north-east and east along the northern 
side of the Fell, and the other to the east, along the 
southern side. An intermediate road, on the same 
side of the Fell, but much higher, is not much used. 

Written Stone Farm, to the east of Longridge, 
takes its name from a long stone inscribed : 

RAVFFE RADCLIFFE LAID THIS 
STONE TO LYE FOR EVER. A.fc, ^655. 

It is at the entrance to the farmyard. There are 
various legends connected with it. 4 

The Longridge gild day is 10 August. 8 
Longridge has been governed by a local board 
since 1883 ; this has now become an urban district 
council of nine members. The area includes the 
township of Alston and Dilworth. Gas is supplied 
by a local private company and water by the Preston 
Corporation, which has several reservoirs in the 
township. 

Cotton-spinning and manufacture are carried on 
to some extent. Nails are made and stone quarries 
are worked. It is the stone trade, begun about 
1830, which has caused the growth of Longridge. 6 
A century ago there was a thriving besom trade. 7 
There are several fairs for cattle, &c. The land is 
mostly used for grazing. 



68 The rental of 1609 shows that their 
lands in Ribchester were then held by 
Robert Burley (grandson of Robert, living 
1 544), who paid is. %d. rent ; John 
Rodes, zs. lid.; John Greenwood, 
2s. zd. ; Richard Walmesley, Fastand- 
field, u. 6d.j &c. ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 
132^. It was in 1544 that Richard 
Crombleholme purchased Fastandfield, 
land at Boys Bridge and other parts of 
the Hospitallers' estate in Ribchester and 
Dutton ; Pat. 36 Hen. VIII, pt. xvii. 
He sold much of it in parcels. 

The lands held by the Holts of 
Gristlehurst perhaps included both 
Hospitallers' and Whalley lands ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 25. 

64 The grants have been recited above. 
In 1365 Robert de Kendal claimed from 
Alice daughter of John Wilcockson, John 
de Turnley and Cecily his wife acquit- 
tance of the services demanded by the 
Abbot of Whalley ; De Banco R. 421, 
m. 157 ; 424, m. 266 d. 



About 1 540 Geoffrey Dewhurst held 
land in Ribchester at a rent of zs. id. ; 
Whalley Couch, iv, 1242. 

65 Returns at Preston. 

6(5 48 Geo. Ill, cap. 79. 

67 T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 70-1 ; 
Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 56 (award dated 1812) 

68 Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. ii, 
"3- 

6 Ibid. 115-17. 

An Anabaptist was living at Dilworth 
in 1699, as appears by an entry in the 
church registers. 

70 Visit. P. at Chester Dioc. Reg. 

71 Smith, Ribchester, 56. For the con- 
victed recusants in Ribchester and Dutton 
c. 1670 see Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 
155-6. 

73 End. Char. Rep. (Ribchester), 12. 
His first trustees were Stephen Tempest 
of Broughton and John Westby of Alston. 
The bequest, at that time illegal, was 
faithfully observed, though part of the 

51 



capital was lost. In 1844 Sir Charles 
Robert Tempest claimed the right to 
nominate a priest to serve Stidd Chapel, 
and withheld the endowment from the 
Bishop of Salford's nominees, until advised 
by counsel that he had no right to do so. 
' The trusteeship of the charity having 
thus proved to involve no privilege,' the 
legal estate was in 1884 transferred 
to the Bishop of Salford and other 
trustees. 

73 Smith, op. cit. 210-13. 

1 Including 33 acres of inland water. 

2 Including Crumpax. 

3 T. C. Smith, Longridgc, 42. It was 
originally worked by horses, the first loco- 
motive being used in 1848. 

4 Ibid. op. cit. 27-30. 

5 Ibid. 34. About 1 800 the festival 
occupied two days, on one of which was a 
horse race and on the other a foot race ; 
ibid. 40. 

6 Ibid. 44. 

7 Ibid. 40. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



In 1066 DILWORTH was a member 
M4NOR of Earl Tostig's Preston fee, and was 
afterwards given to Count Roger of 
Poitou. 8 Its two plough-lands probably then in- 
cluded Alston and Hothersall. It is not known how 
Dilworth proper became not only separate but 
merged in Ribchester, so as to be accounted merely a 
hamlet of the central township and part of the 
honor of Clitheroe. 9 

From the scanty notices of the place it may be 
gathered that it was held by Alan de Singleton about 
1 200, and of him in moieties by the lord of 
Ribchester and a local family or families. 10 The 



former moiety was granted by William Moton of 
Ribchester to Richard son of Alan de Singleton, 11 
and seems to have become part of the main family 
estate, being held in demesne. The lordship de- 
scended regularly from Singleton to Banastre of 
Bretherton, 12 Balderston and Harrington 13 and 
Osbaldeston, 14 but was usually considered only a 
moiety of the manor. 15 The second moiety was 
acquired from Osbert de Dilworth by Adam de 
Hoghton, 16 descending like Hoghton. 17 In 1566 
Thomas Hoghton acquired the Osbaldeston estate in 
Dilworth, 18 and thus became lord of the undivided 
manor. 19 In 1772 it was sold by Sir Henry 



* V.C.H. Lanes, i, 

9 It was probably acquired by the Lacys 
together with Ribchester, perhaps in 1 187, 
but the manner is not certainly known. 

10 This is inferred from the account of 
Sir William Banastre's estate in a subse- 
quent note. 

11 William de Mutun granted to Richard 
son of Alan de Singleton the whole moiety 
of land and wood, hawks, honey and mill, 
the bounds beginning opposite the Strid- 
thorn by Thornley, down Longshaw 
Brook to Dilworthsed Brook, up this to 
the upper head of Dilworth, across to 
Hothersall ; then by the boundaries of 
Hothersall, Alston, Whittingham, Wheat- 
ley and Thornley to the starting-point. 
The grantor reserved to himself certain 
easements, including mast fall, within 
these bounds, as well as a rent of four 
barbed arrows ; Kuerden MSS. iv, R 9. 
Sir Robert de Lathom was the first 
witness ; the others included Alan de 
Singleton, William his son and Hugh de 
Osbaldeston. 

A Richard de Singleton is soon after- 
wards (1246) found to be brother of some 
religious house probably Cockersand ; 
Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 103, 150. 

This may be a grant of half the lord- 
ship, but it was not the first acquisition 
by the Singleton family, for Alan son of 
Richard father of the above Richard 
confirmed to Jordan le Blund (Albus) 
half an oxgang of land in Dilworth, which 
Adam de Stiholmes had formerly held of 
Alan ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 395 (fol. 
311). The same Alan granted to the 
canons of Cockersand 4 acres and a toft 
from his land in Dilworth, between Wite- 
kerbrook and Cronkeshaw Brook, with 
easements of his fee in the vill aforesaid, 
for the souls of Robert and Roger de Lacy, 
&c. ; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
227. 

In 1246 William de Hawksworth suc- 
cessfully claimed land in Dilworth against 
Richard son of Alan ; Assize R. 404, 
m. 4 d. Richard son of Alan de Singleton 
gave Richard son of Alexander de Pen- 
wortham, chaplain, a toft in Dilworth, of 
i perch in extent, on the west side of 
Adam de Cartmel's house, at a rent of a 
pair of white gloves ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 100. As Richard de Singleton he 
granted land touching Cronkeshaw Brook 
to Adam son of Adam de Hoghton ; ibid, 
no. 119. Bernard the clerk was a witness. 

William son of Alan de Singleton 
granted half an oxgang of land to Hugh 
son of Siegrith daughter of Jordan le 
Blund (Albus) of Dilworth, at a rent of 
31. ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1534. 

12 The Singleton heiress Joan widow of 
Thomas Banastre made a settlement of 
her estate in 1303 ; Final Cone. (Rec. 



Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 201. In 1306 
she allowed the beasts of Robert de Dil- 
worth within her wood and pasture in 
return for a rent of 6d. to be levied on all 
Robert's tenements within Ribchester ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 122. 

Sir William Banastre in 1311 held one 
plough-land in Dilworth of the heir of 
Henry de Lacy by the rent of 2s. payable 
on St. Giles's Day ; De Lacy Inq. (Chet. 
Soc.), 17. Again in 1324 it was found 
that William Banastre had died seised of 
the hamlet of Dilworth, held of Thomas 
Earl of Lancaster and Alice his wife by a 
rent of zs. ; one half was in demesne and 
the other in service ; Inq. p.m. 17 Ed w. II, 
no. 45. 

Sir Adam Banastre gave Adam de Yor- 
drawes a messuage with curtilage abutting 
on Longridge, another parcel on the High- 
field, and another on the Greenhurst, all 
in Dilworth ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 125. 
This was probably the origin of the estate 
of two messuages, &c., in Ribchester held 
by Thomas de Yordrawes and Margery his 
wife in 1383 ; Final Cone, iii, 17. Adam 
Banastre in 1336 granted to Henry de 
Kuerden of Ribchester and Alice daughter 
cf Henry for life the lands in Whiteley 
Fall in Dilworth they had had from John 
and Nicholas sons of Sir Thomas Banastre; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 123, 679. 

Lands in Dilworth were included in 
Edward Banastre's estate in 1385 ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 16. 

18 Dilworth occurs among the Balders- 
ton manors ; Kuerden MSS. iii, B 3-7. 
For the descent see the account of Bal- 
derston ; also Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 71. It was probably in right of this 
descent that Sir William Harrington in 
1466 granted lands in Ribchester to Roger 
son of Nicholas Elston ; Kuerden MSS. iii, 
R 9 . 

Dilworth was among the manors granted 
to Thomas first Earl of Derby after the 
Harrington forfeiture 5 Lanes, and Ches. 
Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 309. 

In right of the Balderston inheritance 
lands in Dilworth are named in the in- 
quisitions of Thomas Earl of Derby, 
Edmund Dudley, Osbaldeston, Radcliffe 
of Winmarleigh and Gerard, but the 
tenure is not separately recorded. 

14 On the partition of the Balderston 
manors in 1565 Dilworth was allotted to 
John Osbaldeston ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 
216, m. 10. 

16 This is evident from the grants to 
Ravenshaw quoted below. 

16 This is inferred from the tenure as 
recorded later. Osbert would hold of 
Singleton and he of the Earl of Lincoln. 
One grant has been preserved by which 
Osbert de Dilworth gave Adam de Hogh- 
ton land within bounds, beginning at the 
Sandy way and including the Carr, Hurst, 



Greenlache and High Way ; to be held by 
a rent of it,d. and a pair of white gloves ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 1 20. Richard le 
Boteler, then sheriff (? 1243), was a 
witness. Osbert le Blund (Albus) after- 
wards released to Adam the service speci- 
fied ; ibid. no. 313. 

Adam son of Adam de Hoghton about 
the same time released to Alan de Single- 
ton the lands formerly Osbert le Blund's 
(Blundi) ; ibid. no. 116. 

In 1227 a partition was made of an 
oxgang of land and three-quarters between 
Avice widow of William Brun, Robert 
Plumb and Cecily his wife on one side 
and Robert son of Ulfy on the other, 
whereby the last named obtained a moiety 
to be held of Avice and Cecily and their 
heirs at a rent of zzd. at St. Giles's Day, 
of which zid. was due to the chief lord ; 
Final Cone, i, 53. Maud daughter of 
Robert Plumb and Cecily his wife released 
to Adam de Hoghton any claim she might 
have in Adam's land in Dilworth ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 118. 

William son of Richard de Singleton 
released to Adam de Hoghton all claim in 
his father's lands within Dilworth ; ibid, 
no. 279. 

Thomas de Singleton and Adam de 
Hoghton in 1291, as lords of the vill and 
soil of Dilworth, complained of encroach- 
ments by Robert son of Ellis de Ribchester, 
Richard Franceys, Robert de Anyetehalgh, 
Robert the Eyre and others, and recovered ; 
Assize R. 407, m. i d. There were some 
counterclaims the following year ; ibid. 
408, m. 12 d. The same lords, in con- 
junction with Katherine widow of Alan 
de Singleton (father of Thomas) and then 
wife of Thomas de Clifton, and Agnes 
widow of Adam de Hoghton were in 1292 
sued by Robert de Pocklington, rector of 
Ribchester, for having disseised him of an 
eighth part of certain wood, moor and 
heath in Dilworth ; ibid. m. 63, i8d. It 
would seem from this that the rector of 
Ribchester held i oxgang of land in 
Dilworth. 

Sir Henry Hoghton was in 1425 found 
to have held a moiety of the manor of 
Dilworth of the heirs of Osbert de Dil- 
worth ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 12. 

17 The later Hoghton inquisitions 
merely state that the lands in Dilworth 
were held of the king as duke by services 
unknown or in socage ; e.g. Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66 ; xxvii, no. 13. 

is Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 28, 
m. 1 86. The ' manor ' is not named, the 
estate being described as twenty messuages 
and various lands in Dilworth and 
Haighton. 

19 The manor of Dilworth is named in a 
Hoghton settlement of 1585 ; ibid. bdle. 
57, m. 178. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



Hoghton and Frances his wife to William Shaw the 
younger. 80 The present lord is stated to be Mr. 
William Cross of Red Scar in Grimsargh. 

In 1357 the tenants of Dilworth and those of 
Ribchester arrived at a settlement of various disputes 
as to the wastes and common rights. 21 

Few of the minor landowners' names occur, but 
some of those in Ribchester seem to have held in this 
township also. The Knights Hospitallers had some 
land. 28 Dilworth 23 and Moton, 24 Catterall' 5 and 
Ravenshaw, 26 have left some record of themselves. 17 
Later the Cottam family, who seem to have had the 
mill, became prominent. 28 Of this family was the 
B. Thomas Cottam executed for his priesthood 



RIBCHESTER 

in I58z. 29 Whitacre is named as if it were a 
hamlet. 80 

In 1788 the principal owners were John Cottam, 
double assessed for his religion, Margaret Wharton 
and William Bowen. 

Longridge Church is in Alston ; it has a chapel of 
ease in Dilworth, St. Paul's, built in 1890. 

The Wesleyan Methodists opened their first chapel 
in 1836. It was called Mount Zion, and situated on 
the Alston side of the boundary. The present chapel 
was built in 1884-5." The Particular Baptists had a 
Sunday service in l888. M The Congregationalists 
began to hold meetings in 1860, the minister of 
Knowl Green leading ; the chapel was built in 



20 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 387, 
m. 114. 

21 Add. MS. 32106, no. 763. Sir 
Adam de Hoghton, Thomas son of Sir 
Adam Banastre, William de Hornby, 
rector of Ribchester, Robert de Singleton 
the elder, Richard de Catterall and Richard 
de Knoll are the tenants of Dilworth 
named ; those of Ribchester including 
William de Whalley, Adam Bibby, Henry 
de Kuerden, Robert Moton, Simon de 
Preston. Ribchester is called a vill and 
Dilworth a hamlet. 

22 Alan son of Richard de Singleton 
confirmed his father's gift of 4 acres to 
the hospital of St. Saviour under Long- 
ridge and the brethren there serving God. 
The land was between Cronkshaw Brook 
and Whitacre Brook ; Dugdale, Man. 
Angl. vi, 686. See the account of Stidd. 

23 In 1284 it was found that Juliana 
widow of Hugh de Dilworth had died 
seised of two-thirds of a messuage and 
land in Dilworth, tenanted by Margery 
daughter of Hugh. Richard son of Hugh 
and Juliana seems to have been the plain- 
tiff. The tenant called the Prior of St. 
John to warrant her; Assize R. 1265, 
m. 4. 

Uctred de Dilworth granted to his son 
William lands held of Sir Adam de 
Hoghton; Add. MS. 32106, no. 109. 
A rent of 6d. was due to the Hospitallers. 

Margery daughter of Adam de Dilworth 
gave lands to Sir Richard de Hoghton in 
1339 ; ibid. no. 113. 

24 This seems to have been a junior 
branch of the Moton of Ribchester family. 
In 1344-5 Thomas son of Gilbert son of 
Alan de Singleton claimed portions of 
land in Dilworth against Robert son 
of Adam Moton and Henry and William 
his sons, against Adam de Dilworth the 
younger and Margery his wife, and 
against Henry son of Beatrix de Kuerden ; 
De Banco R. 339, m. 109 ; 344, m. 162. 
The plaintiff was a minor. 

Sir Adam Banastre had in 1331 given 
the third part of his approvement in 
Hesmundehalgh to Henry son of Robert 
Moton of Ribchester and William his 
brother ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 87. 

25 Richard de Catterall of Whittingham 
and Isabel his wife gave lands in Dil- 
worth, &c., to their son Alan in 1369 ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 96-7. 

26 Adam de Eller in 1327 gave all his 
land in Osbern riding to Adam Chyry of 
Ribchester; Add. MS. 32106, no. 102. 
William son of Adam Chyry gave it to 
John son of John de Ravenshaw in 1355; 
ibid. no. 86. From this deed it appears 
that the land had earlier been granted by 
Alan son of William de Singleton to his 
daughter Agnes. 

William son of Hugh son of Hugh 
de Dilworth granted land to Randle de 



Singleton and Mabel his wife in 1343 ; 
ibid. no. 99. Margaret widow of Thomas 
de Knoll and daughter of Randle de 
Singleton in 1358 granted her land in 
the high field of Dilworth together with 
half a messuage to the above John son of 
John de Ravenshaw ; ibid. no. 126, 106. 
The same John and Ellen his wife in 
1376 obtained other grants from the lords 
of the manor, Sir Adam de Hoghton and 
Sir Thomas Banastre ; ibid. no. 90, &c. 
In 1386 Ellen de Ravenshaw his widow 
held his lands, with remainders to his 
daughters Agnes, Christiana, Isabel and 
Margaret ; ibid. no. 83. 

27 Edward Radcliffe in 1617 had lands 
in Dilworth and Alston, held of Sir 
Richard Hoghton ; Henry, his son and 
heir, was of full age ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc.), ii, 52. Ralph Radcliffe of 
the ' Written Stone ' was probably a 
successor. 

28 In 1466 Henry son of Sir Richard 
Hoghton granted to William Cottam of 
Alston and his sons Ellis and Edmund 
certain land in Dilworth for their lives, 
the lease to begin at his father's death ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 94. Uctred 
Cottam appears in 1483 ; ibid. no. 98. 
Uctred and Robert his son and heir made 
a feoffment of their messuages, lands and 
water-mill in the same year ; ibid.no. 92. 
Uctred's wife Ellen, perhaps a second 
wife, appears in the same year ; ibid. 
no. 103. Their lands seem to have been 
given to Lawrence son of Edmund Cottam 
in 1503 and 1511 ; ibid. no. 105, 107, 
&c. From Lawrence Cottam Sir Richard 
Hoghton purchased in 1529, and Robert 
cousin and heir of Uctred Cottam 
(perhaps a grandson) released his right at 
the same time ; ibid. no. 89, 101. 

One branch of the family recorded a 
short pedigree in 1613 ; Visit. (Chet. 
Soc.), 100. 

Lawrence Cottam, Dorothy his wife 
and Thomas his son made a settlement 
in 1605 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 296, 
m. 2 d. Lawrence died in 1619 holding 
a messuage and land of Sir Richard 
Hoghton by a rent of 21. ; Lanes. Inq. 
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 115. 
Thomas his son and heir, then thirty 
years of age, died two years later holding 
the same estate and leaving as heir his 
son Thomas, aged fifteen ; ibid, ii, 232. 
These Cottams were of High House ; some 
further particulars of them will be found 
in Smith's Ribchester, 2423, from which 
it appears that Lawrence Cottam, who 
was fined for recusancy in 1667 and 1680, 
died in 1682. His son and heir, also 
Lawrence, registered his estate as a 
' Papist ' in 1717; he had a leasehold 
house valued at 27 a year ; Estcourt 
and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 106. 

The Cottams of Knowl Green had a 

53 



house at one time called Dilworth Hall 
and now the manor-house ; for an account 
of them see Smith, op. cit. 243. John 
Cottam of Ribchester paid ^10 on refusing 
knighthood in 1631 ; Misc. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 218. The lands of 
Richard Cottam of Dilworth were ordered 
to be sold by the Parliament in 1652 ; 
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42. A 
later John Cottam (son of Ellis), as a 
' Papist,' registered his small estate at 
Ribchester, Dilworth and Wrightington 
in 1717 ; Estcourt and Payne, op. cit. 91. 

John Walmsley also registered a small 
estate ; ibid. 104. 

29 Thomas Cottam, brought up as a 
Protestant, was educated at Brasenose 
Coll., Oxf. (M.A. 1572), and taught a 
school in London. Here he was recon- 
ciled to the Roman Church and then 
went abroad, his desire being to preach 
the Gospel in the East Indies. Being 
rejected by the Jesuits on account of ill- 
health, he returned to the seminary at 
Rheims, was ordained priest and sent on 
the English mission in 1580. On land- 
ing at Dover he was recognized from the 
report of a spy, arrested and imprisoned. 
He was racked and tortured in the Tower, 
b'ut remaining constant was at last exe- 
cuted at Tyburn 30 May 1582, together 
with four other priests. One of these 
was B. Lawrence Richardson or Johnson 
of Great Crosby. Cottam was allowed to 
hang till he was dead. His beatification 
was allowed by Leo XIII in 1886. See 
Gillow, Bill. Diet, of Engl. Cath. i, 5 74 ; 
Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 280, 373 ; 
Challoner, Miss. Priests, no. 15. He is 
claimed as a Jesuit in Foley, Rec. S. /. vii, 
174 (portrait). 

80 Adam son of Adam de Morca of 
Euxton and Ellen his wife in 1309 
granted Isabel daughter of Jordan de 
Dutton clerk all their land in Whitacre 
in the hamlet of Dilworth ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 91. Roger son of Thomas 
Topping and John son of Roger de Bolton 
in 1318 granted land in Whitacre to 
William the Tailor, son of Henry Moton ; 
ibid. no. 84, 95. Six years afterwards 
Henry Moton in exchange for this land 
gave his son William the Newhey in 
Ribchester, obtained from Robert Moton ; 
ibid. no. 85. 

In 1357 Richard son of Adam de Rib- 
chester acquired a messuage and land in 
Whitacre and Dilworth from John de 
Turnley and Cecily his wife ; Final Cone. 
ii, 152. 

81 T. C. Smith, Longridge, 80 ; 
A. Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 103 
the old chapel. 

82 Smith, ibid. 

33 Ibid. 78 ; Nightingale, La. Nonconf. 
ii, 117, where it is recorded that efforts 
had been made to establish a church in 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



The Roman Catholic church of St. Wilfrid was 
opened in 1886 ; it had been preceded by a smaller 
building, now the school, in 1869. The mission 
was an offshoot from Alston Lane. The church 
possesses the head of an old processional cross, found 
in the neighbourhood about i83O. 84 



BUTTON 

Dutton, 1258 and usually. Ditton is found very 
rarely. Dunton occurs 1289. 

This township includes the extra-parochial place or 
chapelry of Stidd, formerly belonging to the Knights 
of St. John of Jerusalem. The area of the whole is 
1,898^ acres, 1 of which Stidd has 752. The popu- 
lation in 1901 numbered 229. 

The land slopes down from nearly the highest point 
of Longridge Fell, over i, I oo ft., to the Kibble, i oo ft. 
above the ordnance datum, the length in this direction, 
from north to south, exceeding 3 miles. Starling 
Brook, on the east, divides it from Aighton, and Stidd 
Brook, on the west, from Ribchester, while Dutton 
Brook flows south through a wooded valley in the 
centre to join the Ribble. Stidd proper is in the 
south-west corner of the township, and its district 
stretches north along the western border for some 



distance, St. John's Well being nearly a mile to the 
north ; then it extends across the township as far as 
the eastern border, and returns to the west. There 
are four small detached portions at the south end of 
Dutton and one in the north end. In the north end 
also is a detached part of Aighton, Bailey and 
Chaigley, known as Lennox's Farm. In recent times 
these anomalous boundaries have been removed for 
local government purposes. 

Ribchester Bridge is in this township ; it provides 
a passage between Longridge and Ribchester on the 
north and Blackburn on the south. Another road 
from Ribchester turns to the north through the 
township, passing Dutton Hall and Pan Stones, to 
join the road from Longridge to Mitton. It continues 
north through Huntingdon to join the higher road 
between the same places. 

In 1066 DUTTON was probably a 
MANORS part of Ribchester, not having a separate 
record in Domesday Book, but in 1102 
it was given, as one plough-land, to Robert de Lacy by 
Henry I.* From that time it became a member of 
the honor of Clitheroe, and the land was held by a 
number of tenants. The immediate lordship of the 
manor seems to have been held by a family using the 
local surname, 3 from whom it passed to a younger 
branch of the Claytons of Clayton-le-Dale about 1 2 go. 4 



Longridge in 1816 and again in 1830. 
Also Hewitson, op. cit. 101. 

34 Smith, op. cit. 73. While an old 
house was being pulled down a boy play- 
ing about found the cross and some other 
religious objects on a ledge. The church 
also possesses a carved oak chair made 
for John Towers, Bishop of Peter- 
borough, 1631. See also Hewitson, op. 
cit. 99. 

1 1,908 acres, including 24 of inland 
water; Census Rep. 1901. The addition 
of Lennox's Farm accounts for the differ- 
ence of area. 

* Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 382. It was 
given together with Aighton and Chip- 
pingdale. There is but little evidence of 
the dependency upon Clitheroe, but in 
1258, after the death of Edmund de Lacy, 
it was found that Dutton paid 5.1. to the 
lord ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 217. 

8 As the deeds of the Dutton and 
Clayton families do not seem to be known, 
and as few references occur in the 
pleadings, only a very imperfect account 
can be given of the descent of the 
manor. 

Uctred de Dutton granted land to Ellis 
son of Leising within bounds including 
Netherhalgh, Overhalgh, the Crook and 
Wilmescroft ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 172. 
Swain de Hothersall and Benedict de 
Dutton were among the witnesses. 

Richard son of Uctred de Dutton gave 
lands to Lambert de Anderton and his 
heirs by Avice de Cundecliffe, the bounds 
of which name Horsegate and Rakedenes- 
cliff? ibid. no. 133. It may be added 
here that Lambert's son Thomas was 
surnamed 'de Dutton,' and acquired 
various lands in the township ; he was 
living in 1292 ; ibid. no. 132, 153, 188. 
Richard de Dutton occurs in 1241 ; Final 
Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 79. 
In 1249 Hugh Gogard claimed 2 oxgangs 
of land in Dutton against Richard de 
Dutton and another oxgang against 
Richard son of Vivian, but all three were 
acknowledged to be the right of Richard 



de Dutton ; ibid, i, 97. Richard son of 
Uctred de Dutton and Alice his wife 
granted lands to Sawley Abbey ; the 
bounds of one portion name Redisnape, 
Huuerbeleisick and Huntingdon Brook ; 
the other portion was in his wood, near 
'the great stonyway' ; Harl. MS. H2, 
fol. 78^. Other grants by Richard son 
of Uctred are in Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 217; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 1476-7. 

Richard de Dutton and William his 
son were among the witnesses to a grant 
of land in Withinlache in the upper head 
of Dutton Holme, made by Adam son of 
Henry de Blackburn in 1256-7 to Robert 
de Cunliffe; Towneley MS. DD, no. 

J793- 

William son of Richard de Dutton 
confirmed his father's gifts to Sawley ; 
Harl. MS. 112, fol. 78*. As William 
de Dutton he granted to Jordan the 
Clerk son of William de Stainburgh, 
clerk, these lands : A piece the bounds 
of which began at the outlane (via 
exitus\ followed the new ditch which 
Geoffrey son of Godith made, as far as 
Dodhill Brook, with all holmes (holmis) ; 
part of Broadridding, on the east side of 
the high road to Lancaster ; and the toft 
which had belonged to Robert son of 
Ellis de Ribchester ; to be held by a rent 
of 3^. ; ibid. no. 173. Jordan the Clerk 
occurs down to about 1320. To him 
Robert son of William de Dutton con- 
firmed the 'old garden' given by his 
father ; ibid. no. 144. The same Robert 
gave Jordan de Dutton, clerk, and Emma 
his wife five ridges in the Heys between 
land of Henry de Clayton and land held 
in dower by the grantor's mother, Emma 
widow of William de Dutton ; ibid, 
no. 167. Further, in 1309 he released 
his right in the land to Jordan and his 
heirs by Emma formerly his wife ; ibid. 
no. 142. It may be added that Jordan 
had a son Thomas and a daughter Avice 
or Alice ; to the son in 1321 he gave the 
Old Orchard and land in Stonyfurlong ; 
ibid. no. i6<;. About the same time he, 
his son and his daughter made various 

54 



grants to Richard son of Amery and Alice 
his wife ; ibid. no. 163, 166, 148. 
Richard son of Ellis de Ribchester com- 
plained in 1290 that Jordan the Clerk of 
Dutton had disseised him of a tenement 
in the township ; Assize R. 1288, m. 
12. 

It appears that Robert de Dutton was 
living in 1316 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 149. 
His son William seems to have been in 
possession a year later; ibid. no. 141. 
There was another son Thomas ; ibid. 
no. 1 34. William son of Robert de 
Dutton in 1321 claimed a tenement in 
Dutton against William son of William 
de Dutton ; De Banco R. 237, m. 72 d. ; 
240, m. 261. 

The elder William de Dutton (father 
of Robert) was defendant in 1279 ; De 
Banco R. 30, m. 33d. He was perhaps 
living in 1292, when Adam son of Richard 
de Entwisle recovered seisin of certain 
land against William de Dutton and 
Robert son of Robert de Halghton ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 52. It appeared that 
William had enfeoffed one Alimun, whose 
daughters Avice and Agnes married re- 
spectively Roger de Ribchester and John 
de Whittingham, and forfeited the tene- 
ment to Robert de Halghton. William 
son of William de Dutton occurs down 
to 1340; he had a son Thomas; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 140, 156. 

4 The alienation of the manor was made 
by William de Dutton, for his son Robert 
released to Henry de Clayton all right in 
the vill of Dutton, 'which my father gave 
to the said Henry'; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 129. 

Henry was probably the son of Ralph 
de Clayton who together with his father 
attested a Dutton charter about 1250; 
ibid. no. 133. In 1292 he released to 
Jordan the Clerk 8</. out of the gd. rent 
due from land on Broadridding, and 
the meadow which Jordan had by the 
grant of Adam de Blackburn ; ibid. no. 
161. 

Henry's sons appear to have had Dutton, 
but the Huddleston family, who succeeded 




Q 
Cfl 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



The inquisition after the death of Ralph de Clayton 
(1324) was taken in 1329, when it was found that 
he had held lands in Button of the honor of the 
castle of Clitheroe by the service of 5/. yearly ; there 
were a capital messuage worth \zd. a year ; 30 acres 
of land, worth 6d. each ; a pasture, zs. 6d. ; an acre 
of meadow, I zd. ; rents of free tenants amounted to 
6s, 6d. Henry the son and heir of Ralph was thirty 
years of age and more. 43 

In the Clayton family the manor descended regu- 
larly, 41 " coming about 1400 to the Belfields of Clegg 
in Rochdale. 8 From their heirs the manor was 
acquired in or about 1578 by Sir Richard Shireburne 
of Stonyhurst, 6 and descended in due course to 



RIBCHESTER 

Thomas Weld, who became a cardinal in 1829, and 
in 1831 sold Button to Joseph Fenton of Bamford 
Hall, a manufacturer and banker of Rochdale. 7 Mr. 
Fenton, who also purchased the adjacent manors of 
Bailey and Ribchester, died in 1 840,8 and was suc- 
ceeded by his son James, who in turn at his death in 
1857 was succeeded by his eldest son, also named 
James. He died in 1902, the present lord of the 
manor of Button being his eldest surviving son, 
Mr. Robert Kay Fenton, born in 1853. No courts 
have been held for a long time. 

After the decay of the Claytons the principal family 
in the township was that of Townley, appearing about 
I38o. 9 Their estate is of uncertain origin. John 



to Clayton-le-Dale, also had rights in 
Button, as appears by various pleadings ; 
De Banco R. 272, m. 20, &c. In 1314 
Adam de Huddleston, lord of Billington, 
made an exchange of lands in the Halgh 
with Jordan the Clerk ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 187. 

Henry de Clayton left sons Ralph and 
Philip, of whom the former was living in 
1322 and the latter in 1340 ; ibid. no. 138, 
158. Henry gave to Philip his son 
Hordischale or Longridge in Ribchester, 
Milnholme in Dutton, Colicroft, and the 
service (13^.) of John de Huntingdon ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1 178. Ralph de 
Clayton in 1308 granted to William son 
of William de Dutton a plat of his waste ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 174. In 1311 it 
was found that Ralph held his tenement 
as of the dower of the Countess of Lincoln, 
doing suit to the court of Clitheroe from 
three weeks to three weeks ; De Lacy Inq. 
(Chet. Soc.), 1 8. 

Philip gave some land in Hayhurst in 
1297 to Robert de Clitheroe, clerk; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1 206. In 1 3 1 8-1 9 
he granted land in Seedcroft to Richard 
on of Amery and Alice his wife ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 989. In 1338 four 
messuages with land, meadow, and 
wood in Dutton and Bailey were settled 
upon Philip de Clayton, Isabel his wife 
and Robert their son ; Final Cone, ii, 
109. See the account of Towneley for 
the Clayton-Towneley connexion. 

In 1321 William son of Robert de 
Dutton appears to have made an attempt 
to regain his grandfather's lands, at least 
in part. Against Ralph de Clayton and 
Sarah his wife he claimed 20 acres of 
land, &c., and 10*. o\d. rent in Dutton, 
which William de Dutton gave to Robert 
de Dutton, Agnes his wife and their issue ; 
De Banco R. 24.0, m. 138 d. He made 
other claims against John son of William 
de Greenhill, Agnes his wife and Margery 
widow of Adam de Greenhill, also against 
Jordan the Clerk; ibid. m. n5d. He 
was eventually (1324) non-suited; ibid. 
250, m. 2. 

** Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. Ill (ist nos.), 
no. 39. 

Ralph de Clayton died during 1324, 
for in Trinity term in that year Henry de 
Osbaldeston and Isabel his wife claimed 
the fulfilment of an agreement made with 
him in 1320 concerning a messuage and 
lands in Dutton. Ralph had died and 
Henry his son had entered into possession. 
Henry appeared, alleging a grant from 
Henry de Clayton to his son Ralph and 
Alice his wife, their son and heir being 
Henry the defendant ; ibid. 252, m. 
158 d. The dispute went on some little 
time (Assize R. 426, m. 2 d.), but was 
concluded in 1328 by an agreement be- 



tween Henry de Clayton and Margery his 
wife with Henry de Osbaldeston and 
Isabel; Add. MS. 32106, no. 191. 

4b One of Henry de Clayton's early acts 
(1330) was to make a release to the free 
tenants of Dutton Huntingdon, of com- 
mon of pasture in the vill ; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 1497. Henry was in 1337 
called lord of Dutton, being said to hold 
the whole vill of the Lady Isabella, queen 
of England, mother of the king, as of her 
manor of Clitheroe, by the service of 4*. 
yearly ; Inq. p.m. 1 1 Edw. Ill (2nd nos.), 
no. 10. The tenure was stated a little 
differently in 1362, when Henry held it of 
the Earl of Lancaster by thegnage service 
and 5*. yearly ; Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. Ill, 
pt. ii (2nd nos.), no. 45. 

Henry de Clayton seems to have lived 
for a few years after this, being named in 
1366. Cecily widow of Adam de Clitheroe 
in 1346 made a claim against Henry and 
Ralph his son, and there were cposs-suits ; 
Assize R. 1435, m. 31, 15. In 1349 
Henry granted his son Adam a house and 
garden formerly held by Alice daughter of 
Ralph de Clayton, and five ridges in 
Dutton Heghes, with remainders to other 
sons John, Hamlet and Ralph ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 175. In 1357 Henry's 
feoffees regranted him his lands and manor 
in Dutton ; ibid. no. 162. Again in 
13643 similar refeofi'ment was made to 
Henry son of Ralph de Clayton of the 
manor of Dutton, with the services of all 
the free tenants (except for lands of Cecily 
widow of Nicholas Moton), with re- 
rminder to Henry son of John de Clayton ; 
ibid. no. 194. 

This Henry son of John was no doubt 
the grandson of the elder Henry. In 1376 
he granted his right in a plat of meadow 
between land formerly belonging to Philip 
He Clayton and to Nicholas Moton ; ibid. 
no. 150. Five years later he released his 
right in a moiety of land called Hayre- 
wasbank, Highacre and Stubbing ; ibid. 
no. 177. 

Thomas son of Henry de Clayton was 
in possession in 1388, when he granted 
land in the Milncroft ; ibid. no. 139. 
Thomas died in 1393 holding a messuage 
and lands in Dutton of the Duke of Lan- 
caster by the service of t,s. yearly at the 
feast of St. Giles. Ellen his daughter and 
heir was only five years old ; Lanes. Rec. 
Inq. p.m. no. i, 2. 

5 The descent in the I5th century is 
unknown. In 1445-6 the heir of Ellen de 
Clayton held the manor in socage ; Duchy 
of Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. 
The manor does not seem to be mentioned 
again until 1572, when it was part of the 
inheritance of the Belfields of Clegg ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 98 ; 
38, m. 40. See the account of Clegg 

55 



in Butterworth, and Fishwick, Rochdale, 
353- 

6 The manor of Dutton was included in 
a Shireburne settlement in 1579 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 199. Earlier 
Shireburnes were stated to hold lands in 
Dutton of the Abbot of Whalley in socage; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 46, &c. 
Their ancestor John de Bailey had held of 
the heir of Henry de Clayton in 1391 ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 44. 

In a dispute as to closes called Hich- 
haugh and Stonyfurlong in Dutton in 1 550 
Richard Shireburne claimed them as heir 
of Hugh, who had demised them to James 
Tarleton, chantry priest of Ribchester 
deceased. John Talbot of Salesbury, on 
the other hand, asserted that they had 
belonged to the chantry endowment and 
were included in the lease made by Erf- 
ward VI; Duchy of Lane. Plead. Edw. VL 
xxvii, T 9. The lands are named in the 
chantry endowment in Raines' Chantrits 
(Chet. Soc.), 196, and seem to have ben 
regarded as within Ribchester. 

In 1565 Sir Richard Shireburne pur- 
chased a messuage, &c., from Christopher 
Wilkinson, and another in 1581 from John 
Woodcock ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 
27, m- 55 ! 43, m - !9- In 1583 a 
messuage, &c., in Dutton was settled on 
Sir Richard Shireburne ; ibid. bdle. 45, 
m. 172. At Sir Richard's death it was not 
known of whom or by what tenure the 
manor of Dutton and other lands there 
were held ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvi, 
no. 3 ; xxvi, no. 4. 

The manor continued to be named in 
Shireburne and Weld settlements down to 
1777; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 625, m. lod. 
(16). 

7 Information of Mr. R. K. Fenton 
through Messrs. Greenall & Co. 

8 The particulars of the descent are 
taken from Burke, Landed Gentry. 

9 An account of the family by W. A. 
Abram is printed in Lanes, and Ches. 
Antiq. Notes, i, 182-190. Gilbert de 
Legh, Richard de Towneley and John de 
Towneley attested Dutton deeds in the 
time of Edward III and later. They 
belong to the principal family, and held 
land in Dutton, Ribchester and Hother- 
sall ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
59. The lands were held of the Hogh- 
tons ; ibid, ii, 112. 

Of the local line Robert de Townley in 
1379-80 granted land in Huntingdon to 
Richard Woodroff for life; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 926. He was a witness to 
Dutton charters in 1406-7 ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 179, 131. Henry son of 
Robert Townley in 1420 enfeoffed John 
White, vicar of Preston, of lands in 
Cliviger, Ribchester and Dutton ; Towne- 
ley MS. DD, no. 2020. Henry Towniejr 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 




Townley in 1562 described the tenure of his estate 
as socage or in the nature of socage. 10 Richard 
Townley of Dutton in 1 6 1 8 
held his lands in Dutton of 
Richard Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst by the service of a red 
rose yearly ; he also held lands 
in Ribchester, Dilworth and 
Hothersall. 11 A pedigree was 
recorded in l66$. 12 The 
estates descended to Abraham 
Townley, who died in 1701, 
leaving two sons, Henry and 
Richard, the latter of whom 
is noticed in the account of 
Belfield in Rochdale. Henry 
Townley died in 1731, leav- 
ing three daughters as co- 
heirs. The eldest, Jane, 
married Edward Entwisle of 
Ribchester, and by a partition 

in 1738 the Dutton estate descended to their 
children. 13 'In 1805 Mr. W. Joule purchased 
the estate, and in 1823 sold it to Mr. James 
Rothwell, whose nephew, the late Marquis de 
Rothwell, of Bolton, was the owner till his death ' 



FENTON of Dutton. 
Per pale argent and sable 
a cross dovetailed, in the 
first and fourth quarters 
afieur de Us and in the 
second and third a tre- 
foil slipped all counter- 
changed. 



DUTTON HALL is a picturesque two-story stone 
house, with balled gables and mullioned windows, 
finely situated on the southern slope of Longridge 
Fell, and commanding a magnificent view to the south 
over the Ribble Valley. The house is said to have 
been erected by Richard Townley about i67o-8o, 18 
but there is no date or inscription anywhere on the 
building itself. It is now used as a farm-house, and 
the west wing is unoccupied. The front, facing 
south, is 63 ft. in length, and consists of two end 
gabled wings with a recessed middle part containing 
the hall, the plan being a later adaptation of the 
general type of the preceding century. The doorway, 



however, is in the east wing, and the principal feature 
of the front elevation is the great square bay window 
of the hall, which occupies nearly the whole of the 
space between the wings in the west angle. The bay 
is externally 14 ft. wide with a projection of 6ft., and 
goes up both stories, terminating as a kind of tower 
with lead flat and balustraded parapet, forming an 
exceedingly picturesque feature. It has a large 
mullioned and transomed window of seven lights 
placed at the angle with three lights on the return, 
and the rest of the windows of the house being low 
and without transoms a good effect is produced by 
the contrast. The windows of the disused west 
wing retain their original leaded lights in good 
geometrical patterns. The walling is generally of 
large gritstone blocks, but the east wing is faced 
with rough coursed sandstone pieces and gritstone 
quoins, and may be a rebuilding. The roofs are 
covered with modern blue slates. In the recess 
between the great bay window and the east wing 
is a wooden bell-turret containing a bell. The 
interior is somewhat modernized, but the arrange- 
ment of the hall and staircase is interesting, and 
in the upper room over the bay is a good plaster 
panel over the fireplace, with conventional floral 
ornament within a moulded border. The hall is 
flagged diagonally and has a wide open fireplace, and 
woodwork of late I7th or early 18th-century date. 
The porch is an open one with four-centred arch, 
and a stone seat on one side. The lay-out of 
the garden on the south side has been effective ; 
it is inclosed on either side by outbuildings, giving 
something of the appearance of a forecourt, and 
the two tall stone gate piers, with balls and 
original wooden gates, surmounted by quaintly 
carved lions, form a very picturesque foreground. 
The grass plots, however, have been planted as an 
orchard, and the trees now almost completely hide 
the front of the house. 

Among the older landowners were the families 



of Dutton had variance with Richard 
Towneley in 1452 respecting boundaries 
in Cliviger ; W. A. Abram, loc. cit. 

Richard Townley of Dutton in 1531 
married Joan daughter of Roger Winkley 
of Winkley ; DD, no. 668. Shortly after- 
wards he and his wife gave to trustees a 
part of 'my hall of Townley ' and certain 
lands in Dutton ; ibid. no. 64.6. 

10 From his will, printed in Richmond 
Wills (Surtees Soc.), 151. He gave 
various lands to his wife Katherine for 
twenty-one years and 10 to Jane his 
daughter. To James Lingard, vicar of 
Ribchester, he left 131. 4^., and to two 
other priests 101. each. In 1537 John 
son and heir-apparent of Richard Townley 
had disputes with Richard Crombleholme 
and others respecting land called Carling- 
hurt in Dutton ; Ducatus Lane. (Rec. 
Com.), ii, 60. It was probably the same 
John Townley who was plaintiff in 1 549 ; 
ibid, i, 246. According to the pedigree, 
however, Richard was succeeded by a son 
Henry Townley, probably the same who 
in 1583 held eight messuages, a dovecote 
and various lands in Dutton, Ribchester, 
Hothersall and Dilworth, of which he 
cnfeoffed John and Edward, sons of 
Edmund Shireburne ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 45, m. 184. Henry Townley 
of Dutton had a dispute with Robert 
Lynalx in 1582 respecting a right of way ; 



T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 54. He was 
among the freeholders in 1600 ; Misc. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 234. He 
was living in 1608 ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc.), i, 89. 

The estate was in 1595 secured by 
Henry Townley from John Townley by 
a fine, the meaning of which is not clear ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 57, 
m. 17. 

11 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 137. Richard's wife 
(Anne), brothers and children are named ; 
the heir was his son Henry, aged fourteen. 

Henry Townley of Dutton married 
Alice Coulthurst (Burnley) at Ribchester, 
26 June 1626 ; Reg. He paid ^10 in 
1631 on refusing knighthood ; Misc. 
(Rec. Soc.), i, 217. 

12 Dugdale, Vis.it. (Chet. Soc.), 310. 
Richard the son of Henry Townley was 
thirty-four years old. He died in 1670 
and was succeeded by his brother Abra- 
ham. 

13 This part of the descent is from 
W. A. Abram, loc. cit. The younger 
daughters of Henry Townley were Janet, 
who married the Rev. Henry Ward of 
Ingatestone, and Margaret, who married 
Lawrence Wall of Preston. The family 
were benefactors of the poor. 

The deforciants in a fine respecting the 
Townley estate in Dutton, Ribchester, 

56 



Bailey and Burnley (1739) were Edward 
Entwisle, Jane his wife, Henry Ward, Janet 
his wife, Margaret Townley, John Nock 
and Anne his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 320, m. 133. Anne was the 
widow of Henry Townley. Richard hi* 
brother had lands in Ribchester in 1 744 ; 
ibid. bdle. 330, m. 124. 

Edward Entwisle died in 1776 and 
was buried at Ribchester ; his wife died 
at the end of 1799. Their eldest son, 
Townley Entwisle, a surgeon, had died in 
1779, leaving three daughters. A younger 
son, Edward Entwisle, died at Ribchester 
in 1828. See T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 
252-3. 

It may be added that this surname 
occurs early, for William de Dutton in 
the 1 3th century granted to Adam son of 
Richard de Entwisle land in Dutton, the 
bounds of which name Ormsclough and 
Rakedanclough where Bailisti falls into 
it ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1 149. Henry 
son of Robert Franceys in i 342 gave land 
at Whitecarfall (or Quittarfall) in Rib- 
chester to John de Entwisle, afterwards 
held by Adam del Hull of Clayton ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 1028, 1105. 

14 T. C. Smith, op. cit. 232. For the 
Rothwell family see the accounts of Hoole 
and Sharpies. 

15 Ibid. ; an illustration of the house is 
given. 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



of Blackburn, 16 Clitheroe, 17 Talbot 18 of Salesbury, 
Moton, 19 and Hoghton of Hoghton.* Others 

16 Adam de Blackburn gave his son 
Richard lands in Button and Hayhurst, 
part of them being held of St. Saviour's, 
for the rent of a pair of white gloves ; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1191. Amabel 
widow of Adam de Blackburn claimed 
dower in 1291 in two messuages, &c., in 
Hayhurst and Dutton against William de 
Blackburn ; De Banco R. 90, m. 87. 

Adam de Blackburn and others were 
accused of assault in 1292 by Jordan the 
Clerk of Dutton (son of Emma) ; Assize 
R. 408, m. 95 d. In the same year Adam 
son of Master Adam de Blackburn re- 
leased an annual rent which Jordan owed 
him for land and meadow in the vill of 
Dutton ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 176. Six 
years later he demised to Adam de 
Huddleston for a term Whitworth in 
Dutton and two-thirds of a culture called 
the Coltepark ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 
2061. 

Robert de Cofhill granted land in the 
Hough and the Berecroft in Dutton to 
Adam de Blackburn, a rent of 6d. being 
payable to St. Saviour's ; Towneley MS. 
DD, no. 2131. Adam son of Robert de 
Cofhill in 1297-8 claimed certain land 
against William de Blackburn, who replied 
that he (William) was a villein of Thomas 
le Surreys and held the said land in 
villeinage ; De Banco R. 116, m. H7d. ; 
122, m. 48 d. William, however, gave 
to Adam de Cofhill land in Hayhurst 
between the brook running from Cunuyld 
Wall to the Ribble and Wyarde Burn ; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1207, 1193. A 
little earlier William son of Adam de 
Blackburn had obtained land from Adam 
son of Adam de Blackburn ; De Banco 
R. 114, m. 86 ; 115, m. i79d. Robert 
de Clitheroe, clerk, obtained land from 
William de Blackburn in 1304; Assize 
R. 419, m. ii. Adam de Clitheroe in 
1327 complained that William and others 
had cut down his trees in Dutton ; De 
Banco R. 269, m. 70 d. 

The above-named Richard son of Adam 
de Blackburn seems to have been the 
founder of the family of Blackburn of 
Shevington and Dutton ; their deeds are 
in Add. MS. 32107, no. 1462, &c. 
Richard son of Adam obtained lands 
from Henry de Cunliffe and also from 
William son of Richard de Dutton ; the 
latter grant included parts of Middes- 
holme, Bradridding and Dodhill (under 
the Stanrays) ; ibid. no. 1485, 1489. 
Richard also had from Richard de Dutton 
his part within the fields of Dodhill per- 
taining to 2 oxgangs of land in Dutton ; 
and from William de Dutton land in 
Dodhill, the bounds of which touched 
Karkesti ; ibid. no. 1506, 1510. Richard 
de Blackburn gave his son Thomas land 
in Dutton to the east of Dodhill Brook ; 
ibid. no. 1475. Thomas obtained other 
grants; ibid.no. 1496, 1501. 

17 Ralph de Clayton gave Hugh de 
Clitheroe a moiety of the mill on the 
Ribble in a place called Harewas in 
Dutton; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1177. 
William de Blackburn exchanged land on 
the Hough for another piece in Hayhurst 
with Hugh de Clitheroe ; ibid. no. 1157. 
Adam son of William de Dutton gave 
Roger de Clitheroe all his land in Dutton ; 
ibid. no. 2063. In 1316-17 Alice daughter 
of Geoffrey son of Godith de Dutton 
granted all her land in the township to 
Adam son of Hugh de Clitheroe ; ibid, 
no. 2069. 



RIBCHESTER 

took their names from places within Dutton, 
as Ash/ 1 Dodhill, 32 Hayhurst 8J and Hunting- 



In 1335 Cecily widow of Adam de 
Clitheroe recovered dower in land in 
Dutton against Philip de Clayton ; De 
Banco R. 304, m. 23 5 d. Some years 
later (1349) an agreement as to pasture 
was made between Henry de Clayton of 
Dutton on the one side and on the other 
Cecily widow of Adam de Clitheroe, 
William de Rilston and Sibyl his wife, 
Robert son and heir of Robert de 
Clitheroe and Adam de Blackburn ; DD, 
no. 2138. 

18 This family inherited the Clitheroe 
estate and made other purchases. 

Isabel daughter of Richard brother of 
Sir Robert de Clitheroe, who married John 
Talbot, had lands in Dutton and Rib- 
chester ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
42, 55. Later the lands in Dutton are 
stated to be held of the Abbot of Whalley ; 
ibid, ii, 144, 161. 

19 William son of William de Dutton 
demised for his life to William son of 
Henry Moton a moiety of his land in 
Balbanridding at a rent of 2s. gd. ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 1 80. Jordan de Dutton, 
clerk, gave William the Tailor, son of 
Henry Moton, land in Mossiley Carr in 
1317; ibid. no. 147. In the same col- 
lection will be found other grants of land 
in Old Carr and New Carr, &c., to the 
same William son of Henry ; some of 
them were made by Richard son of 
Amery and Thomas his son. In 1361 
William Moton of Dutton and Cecily 
widow of Nicholas Moton appear to have 
sold their lands to Henry de Clayton ; 
ibid. no. 183, 178, 156. 

Richard son of William Moton was 
defendant in 1360, the plaintiffs being 
Richard son of Simon Ball of Farington, 
Alice his wife, Henry del Scholes- of 
Cuerdale and Maud his wife ; Duchy of 
Lane . Assize R. 8, m. 8 d. 

90 From the charters it appears that the 
Moton lands came into the possession of 
Sir Richard Hoghton about 1407 ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 129, &c. Sir Richard 
also acquired the lands of Hitche 
(Richard) son of Amery, which have 
been mentioned previously; ibid. no. 145. 
One or two further references may be 
added : William son of William son of 
Maud de Ulnes Walton, together with 
Margery (his wife) and Hawise, daughters 
and heirs of William Baskit, in 131617 
granted the reversion of a toft in Dutton 
to Richard son of Amery (fern.) de Brad- 
hill and Alice his wife ; ibid. no. 244. 
From another charter it appears that the 
grantors were the heirs of Adam son of 
Alice de Wheatley ; ibid. no. 138. Roger 
de Wheatley son of Richard the Smith of 
Chipping a little later gave them the right 
he had in a certain toft after the death of 
Alice his wife; ibid. no. 130. In 1330 
Richard son of Amery gave his lands in 
Dutton and Ribchester to his son Thomas, 
with remainders to other sons William and 
John ; ibid. no. 484 (fol. 329). Thomas 
son of Richard made a feoffment or sale 
of his lands and the rent of yd. due from 
the land of William son of Robert de 
Ribchester in 1372 ; ibid. no. 171. 

Land in Dutton was held by Sir Henry 
Hoghton in 1424 ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. 
Soc.), ii, 43. The tenure of the Hoghton 
lands in Dutton was unknown in the 
1 6th century ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xiv, no. 26 ; xv, no. 39. 

21 Deeds of this family are in Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 874, &c., and reference 

57 



may be made to the account of Aighton 
and Bailey already given. 

Alexander del Ash (de Fraxino) demised 
land in Dutton to Richard del Ash for a 
term of years ; ibid. no. 901. Henry de 
Clayton gave the same Richard Roughfall 
in Hayhurst ; no. 890. Richard also 
obtained other lands in the same part of 
the township ; no. 880, 900. Richard del 
Ash made the following grants : In 
1320-1 to John his son a messuage in 
Hayhurst ^0.913); in 1335 to Hugh 
his son Willeriddings in Dutton, which 
Richard del Ash the younger seems to 
have confirmed (no. 911, 914); and in 
1336 to Robert his son Roughfall 
(no. 907). Hugh son of Richard del Ash 
in 1361 granted all his land in Dutton to 
Robert de Bailey ; no. 887. In the same 
year Margery daughter and heir of Robert 
de Hayhurst by Emota his wife released 
all her right in Dutton to Robert del Ash ; 
no. 876. 

Robert son of Richard del Ashes in 
1347 recovered a messuage and lands in 
Dutton and Aighton against his brother 
Richard and others; Assize R. 1435, 
m. 33d. Robert del Ash in 1360 claimed 
messuages, &c., in Dutton against Hugh 
del Ash ; it appeared that Richard del 
Ash had in the time of Edward II granted 
them to John del Ash and to William and 
Robert, the brothers of John, and that 
John and William had died without issue ; 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 7, m. 5 ; 8, 
m. 6. Robert del Ash in 1366 claimed land 
against Robert de Leyland and Katherine 
his wife ; De Banco R. 425, m. 504. 

The descent cannot be traced accurately. 
Richard son of Robert in 1378-9 married 
Ellen de Aighton ; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 878. Richard appears to have had 
sons John and Thomas ; ibid. no. 886, 
919. Robert son and heir of Thomas 
Ash in the time of Edward IV married 
Elizabeth Crumbleholme ; ibid. no. 912. 

Hugh Ash died in Sept. 1554 hold- 
ing messuages in Dutton of the king 
and queen in chief by knight's service ; 
his son George was a year old ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 35. George Ash 
appears in 1583 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 45, m. 172. 

Edward Ash in 1609 held Clough Bank 
of the lord of Dutton ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 165. 
Edward Ash of Dutton in 1630 com- 
pounded for his recusancy by paying ^3 
yearly ; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 
174. 

Robert Ash of Dutton in 1652 desired 
confirmation of a house and land seques- 
tered for the recusancy of John Talbot of 
Dinckley ; Cal. Com. for Comp. ii, 1449. 

M This family appears from an early 
time, and some references to it will be 
found in deeds already quoted. Thomas 
de Bradhurst of Dutton granted a toft to 
John son of Thomas de Dudhill in 
1316-17; Add. MS. 32107, no. 1525. 
Richard de Dudhill in 1 342 granted land 
in Ribchester to Adam son of Richard 
Award de Dutton ; Towneley MS. OO, 
no. 1198. Thomas son of William de 
Dudhill made grants of land in Hunting- 
don in 1364 and 1375 ; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 1524, 1462. 

Part at least of the Dudhill lands ap- 
pears to have descended to the Bradleys 
mentioned later. 

23 Deeds of this family are contained 
in Towneley's MS. OO, no. 1191, &c. 

8 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



don. 34 A few additional owners, as Bradley, 25 
Harrison 26 and Thorpe, 27 are also known. 

The abbeys of Whalley 28 and Sawley 29 and the 
hospital of St. Leonard at York 30 had land in the 
township. 

For their lands the following contributed to the 
subsidy of 1 524 : Edmund Bradley, Robert Goodshaw, 
John Hayhurst and Richard Townley. 31 Similarly to 
that of 1543 Richard Townley and Robert Ash the 
elder. 32 To that of 1597 Thomas Holt, Henry 
Townley, Edward Ash, John Hayhurst and Richard 



Goodshaw. 33 To that of 1626 Henry Townley, 
John Hayhurst, Edward Ash and Robert Good- 
shaw ; various non-communicants are entered on 
this list. 34 

Richard Duckett of Dutton paid ^10 in 1631 on 
declining knighthood. 35 

The land tax return of 1787 shows that Thomas 
Weld, Sir George Warren, Lord Petre and Mrs. 
Jane Entwisle were then the chief landowners. 

The manor of ST1DD 36 was acquired by the 
Hospitallers about 1265 from a more ancient 



A noteworthy grant wa one by the 
prior of the Hospitallers to Richard son 
of Adam Award de Dutton of lands called 
Canfall (by Dodhill Moss), Hichetleys, 
by the Stonebridge, Codec, Bernardacre 
and four butts in landoles ; a rent of 
61. 6d. was to be paid, and half a mark 
at death; ibid. no. 1196. In 1508 
accordingly 6s. %d. was paid for the 
'obit' of Henry father of John Hayhurst ; 
ibid. no. 1217. 

Robert son of William de Dutton 
granted land in Hayhurst belonging to 
the vill of Dutton to Otes son of John 
son of Roger de Hayhurst. The bounds 
name Ash House, Wyardburn to Ribble, 
down the Ribble to land held of St. 
Leonard; ibid. no. 1192. Otes de 
Hayhurst and Margery his wife appear in 
1335 ; no. 1215, 1 202. Margery was 
a widow in 1338, and there were several 
sons, William, Richard and John being 
named; no. 1455, 1430, 1432, 1440. 
John son of Otes de Hayhurst and Alice 
his wife are mentioned from 1348 to 
1372, and Alice was a widow in 1379 ; 
no. 1216, 1205, 1 200. Alice was 
probably one of the three sisters and 
heirs of an Adam Award and had a son 
John ; no. 1212, 1197, 1476. John son 
and heir of Otes Hayhurst in 1401 gave 
lands in Dutton to William son of 
Richard Hayhurst ; no. 1435-6. See 
also an undated testimony as to the 
possessions of William Hayhurst ; no. 
1476. Oliver son and heir of Robert 
Hayhurst had land in Dutton in 1446-7 ; 
no. 1 1 94. The will of Perci val Hayhurst, 
1499-1 500 names his son and heir John ; 
no. 1457. John ton and heir of John 
Hayhurst did homage for his lands (in 
Bailey) at the court of Aighton in 1549 ; 
no. 1441. Jenet widow and executrix of 
Henry Hayhurst of Hayhurst in 1574 
became bound to John, the son and heir, 
an executor; no. 1226. 

Thomas son of Robert son of William 
de Hayhurst in 1364 claimed a messuage, 
&c., in Dutton against John de Hayhurst ; 
De Banco R. 417, m. 214; 419, m. 

212d. 

John Hayhurst died in 1619 holding 
Hayhurst, Furtherhouse and Hough- 
wellfall of the heirs of Richard de 
Dutton by a rent of $d. His heir was 
his son Henry, aged forty-two ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 121. For Hough wellfall cf. Fallwel- 
halgh in the account of Ribchester. 

The Hayhursts were Puritans ; one of 
them was vicar of Leigh 1646-62, and 
founded the library at Ribchester. See 
the account of the family in T. C. Smith, 
Ribchester, 232-4. On the opposite side 
Lawrence Hayhurst of Dutton, yeoman, 
registered his house and land in 1717 as 
a ' Papist ' ; Ettcourt and Payne, Engl. 
Cath, Non-jurors, 104. 

84 In 1277 Robert de Huntingdon, liv- 
ing it the abbey of Selby, came to Dutton 



and buried his son Roger, and then entered 
upon half his land, whereupon Beatrix 
widow of Roger, Robert her son, Richard 
de Wulnesbooth, John le Surreys, Hugh 
the Clerk and Henry de Blackburn made 
complaint ; Assize R. 1235, m. 12. 

It may be added that Thomas son of 
Richard de Ulvesbooths and Jordan his 
son, a clerk, attested a local charter ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 1137. 

25 In 1466 William Bradley, chaplain, 
granted to John son of Henry Bradley 
lands in Dutton inherited from his 
mother; Add. MS. 32107, no. 1464. 
From a feoffment of 1370 it would seem 
that this land had belonged to John son 
of Adam de Bradley in right of his 
marriage with Beatrice daughter of John 
de Dudhill ; ibid. no. 1518. 

Edmund Bradley died in 1529 holding 
a messuage in Dutton of the king aa 
duke by the hundredth part of a knight's 
fee and the rent of id. or a pair of white 
gauntlets. The heir was hi grandson 
John Bradley (son of John), aged seven- 
teen years in 1539, and an idiot ; he had 
sisters Anne and Alice, aged nineteen and 
fifteen. James Sharpies was the uncle 
and guardian of the said John ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 22. From a 
later pleading it appears that John 
Bradley died in 1545 ; Anne married 
Alexander Bimson and Alice Thomas 
Wynhart, and a division was made in 
15505 Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 184, m. 
4 d. ; 190, m. 2. See also Ducatus Lane. 
ii, 220, for a claim to a moiety of 
Dudhill by the Bimsons. In 1609 a 
fourth part of Dudhill was held of the 
Crown (as of the Hospitallers) by Richard 
Thornley and John Bimson, and the 
remainder by John Bimson, by a total 
rent of 2s. ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 133^. 

26 The estate was known as Smithy- 
bottom. Richard Harrison, who died in 
Oct. 1587, had made a settlement in 
1578 in favour of his son Richard (aged 
twenty-four in 1589), and afterwards, 
his daughter Jane marrying one Thomas 
Jones, he granted them a third part of 
the messuage for twenty-one years. The 
whole was held of the queen by the 
2Ooth part of a knight's fee and a 
rent of 35. -jd. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xv, no. 57. For fines relating to 
the estate see Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdles. 49, m. 142; 56, m. 54 ; 59, m. 218. 

From the Ducatus Lane, it appears that 
a number of disputes soon afterwards 
broke out ; op. cit. iii, 215, &c. Richard 
Harrison in 1594 complained that 
Thomas Jones, his brother-in-law, 
Richard Goodshaw and others retained 
possession of Smithybottom and its lands. 
At his father's death he said he had been 
a minor, T. Jones being his guardian ; 
Duchy of Lane. Plead. Eliz. clxiv, 
H 12. John Lynalx or Lennox after- 
wards claimed a third part ; Ducatus Lane. 
' 399. 44*- 

58 



Edward Houghton died 30 June 1621 
holding a messuage and land called 
' Smeathbottom ' by the 6ooth part 
of a knight's fee and the third part 
of a rent of 3*. -jd. Edward his son and 
heir was twenty-nine years old ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 276. 

27 John Thorpe died in 1588, leaving a 
son and heir John, aged fifty-six ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 52. 

The Walmsleys purchased lands in 
Dutton as well as in Ribchester, and 
Thomas Walmsley was in 1584 found 
to have held land in Dutton ; ibid, xiv, 
no. 72. 

Robert Reade of Aighton held land in 
Dutton in 1610 ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. 
Soc.), i, 177. 

Bartholomew Barker of Salesbury was 
a landowner in 1641 ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xxx, no. n. 

In these cases the tenure is not 
recorded. 

28 The land at Harrows Banks in 
Dutton produced a rent of z 5*. about 
1540. The tenants at will were Dew- 
hurst, Green and Bolton ; Whalley 
Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iv, 1219. From a 
preceding note it is known that the 
Shireburnes of Stonyhurst had also part 
of the abbey land. In 1557-8 Kenning- 
field and Harrows Banks in Dutton and 
Clayton, lately belonging to Whalley 
Abbey, were sold by the Crown to Richard 
Shireburne ; Pat. 4 & 5 Phil, and Mary, 
pt. viii. Dutton Lee, &c., were in 1564 
granted to Charles Jackson and William 
Mason ; Pat. 6 Eliz. pt. x. 

29 The grants by the Dutton family 
have been recorded above. Thomas 
Sowerbutts died in 1594 holding Reedy- 
snape, part of the lands of Sawley 
acquired by Sir Arthur Darcy in 1538 ; 
it was held by the 2Ooth part of a 
knight's fee ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xvi, no. 20. His grandson Thomas (son 
of Robert) died in 1623 holding the same 
lands and leaving a son Robert, under 
age ; ibid, xxv, no. 37. 

80 The 'land of St. Leonard ' has been 
named in a Hayhurst charter already, 
quoted. In 1299 the master of the 
Hospital of St. Leonard of York 
recovered lands in Dutton against 
Richard son of Robert del He* of 
Hayhurst, John son of Avice and Otes 
son of John ; there was some suspicion 
of fraud or evasion of the statute ; De 
Banco R. 130, m. 243. 

81 Subs. R. Lanes, bdle. 130, no. 
82. 

82 Ibid. no. 125. 

88 Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 274. 

84 Ibid. no. 317. 

85 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lane*, and Ches.), 
i, 217. 

86 The old spelling was some form of 
Stede ; ' Le Styde,' 1343. Stydd is a 
common form at present. 




BUTTON HALL : THE GATEWAY 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



hospital. 37 Grants which have been preserved indicate 
that there had been an organized community there 
for at least fifty years, 38 the endowments being given 
' to God and B. Mary the Virgin and the hospital of 
St. Saviour under Longridge and to the master and 
brethren serving God there.' 39 Some of the masters 
or wardens granted or attested 1 3th-century charters. 40 
In 1338 it was reported that the camera of St. Saviour 
called the Stidd, under the preceptory of Nevvland in 
Yorkshire, was demised to farm at 10 marks yearly, 
but the farmer was bound to pay a chaplain singing 
there. 41 From this it may be assumed that divine 
service was maintained down to the Reformation. 42 



RIBCHESTER 

Nothing definite, however, is known, for the manor 
was extra-parochial. 

After the Suppression the manor was given to 
Thomas Holt of Gristlehurst 43 and remained in his 
family for more than a century. It may have been 
acquired later by Shireburne of Bailey, founder of the 
Stidd Almshouses. 44 In 1609, however, an independent 
grant was made to George Whitmore and others, 45 
who in 1613 sold to Richard Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst. 46 Apart from these manors the Crown had 
sold various lands to Richard Crombleholme 47 and 
others. 48 The manor was in later times claimed by 
the Shireburnes and their representatives. 49 



s7 In 1292 it was found that the 
Knights Hospitallers had acquired from 
a certain Adam, chaplain-warden of the 
house of St. Saviour at Dutton, two 
plough-lands, with wood and moor, and 
401. rent in Dutton, Ribchester and 
Aighton during the minority of Henry de 
Lacy and with the assent of Alice de 
Lacy ; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 
376. The date must lie between 1258 
and 1271. See B.M. Add. Charters, 
no. 7364. 

88 The earliest part of the chapel may 
be dated about 1 1 90. 

89 Charters of land in Ribchester and 
Dilworth have been quoted in the accounts 
of those townships ; see also Dugdale, 
Man. Angl, vi, 686-7. 

40 Alexander the Chaplain, master of 
the hospital of St. Saviour, and the 
brethren of the same place made a grant 
early in the 1 3th century regarding land 
in Salesbury ; Towneley MS. DD, no. 
202 1. Land in Hothersall was held of 
the hospital by Richard de Ametehalgh 
and to one of the deeds regarding it the 
first witnesses were ' Brother Alexander, 
rector of the hospital of St." Saviour ; 
brother Adam of the same place ' ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 5 (fol. 241). Brother 
Alexander the prior and Adam the chap- 
lain also occur 5 note by Mr. Weld. 

A somewhat later deed was attested by 
Adam de Blackburn and John his son, 
master of St. Saviour; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 119. 

In 1269-70 Richard son of the master 
of the Stidd, or son of Alexander de la 
Stidd, was defendant ; Cur. Reg. R. 
199, m. 27 d. ; 202, m. 26 d. It does 
not appear that Alexander was then 
living, so that he may be identical with 
Alexander the chaplain. 

Adam Prior of St. Saviour occurs as 
witness to a Dutton charter which men- 
tions land in Hayhurst belonging to the 
house of St. Saviour ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 170. 

The hospital may not have become 
extinct on its transference to the Knights 
of St. John, for Walter the Chaplain, 
warden of the house of St. Saviour in 
Dutton, was the first witness to a local 
charter in 1314; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
187. In 1339 Walter de Lofthousum, 
warden of St. Saviour's by Ribchester, 
was one of the defendants in a dispute 
about land in Ribchester involving several 
Dutton people. The chief plaintiffs were 
Hugh son of John de Huntingdon and 
Joan his wife ; Assize R. 427, m. 2 d., 3 d. 

41 Hosfitallers in Engl. (Camd. Soc.), 
in. In 1351 the Prior of St. John 
granted the manor of St. Saviour called 
the Stidd to Richard Tomelay (? Townley) 
for life. The lessee was to maintain the 
buildings and the chantry and pay ^T8 a 
year to the treasury at Clerkenwell 



(Fontis clericorum). A mark was to be 
paid at death as obit. When the pre- 
ceptor or warden of Ribston should come 
(not more than once a year) to hold the 
prior's court, provision for men and horses 
was to be made by the lessee ; MSS. Var, 
Coll. (Hist. MSS. Com.), ii, 228. 

In 1292 Robert Spendloue and Amery 
his wife were non-suited in a claim against 
the Prior of the Hospitallers as to a tene- 
ment in Dutton ; Assize R. 408, m. 22. 
In 1337 the prior did not prosecute his 
claim against Thomas de Dudhill of 
Dutton ; Assize R. 1424, m. 1 1 d. 

William Hall (see Chipping) in 1506 
held a messuage, &c., in Dutton of the 
Prior of St. John of Jerusalem by a rent 
of 71. 6./. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, 
no. 19. 

42 In 1501 Nicholas Talbot appointed 
a priest to sing for twelve months at 
Stidd, 'where father and mother are 
buried '; Whitaker, Whalley (ed. Nicholls), 
ii, 465. In 1535 Thomas Bradley was 
chaplain at Stidd ; Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), 
v, 68. The bailiff there was John Talbot ; 
he had a fee of 30*. ; ibid. 69. 

48 Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, pt. iv. The 
manor, with many other estates, was held 
by the thirtieth part of a knight's fee ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 46. It 
is regularly named in settlements and 
inquisitions ; e.g. Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 158; ii, 81 ; 
iii, 371. 

44 An estate called Stidd in Dutton 
belonged in 1716 to John Shireburne, 
younger brother of Richard Shireburne 
of Bailey ; Payne, Engl. Cath. Rec. 144. 
In 1725 John Shireburne of Sheffield 
where he was agent to the Duke of Nor- 
folk was engaged to marry Margaret 
Nelson of Fairhurst, ,40 being settled 
on her from ' the capital messuage called 
Stidd, and demesne lands in Stidd, Rib- 
chester and Blackburn ' 5 Piccope MSS. 
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 228, from roll 1 1 of Geo. I 
at Preston. Next year John Shireburne 
made his will. To Elizabeth widow of 
his brother Richard he gave 15 a year 
out of Bailey Hall ; to his cousin Richard 
Walmsley of Showley (who was one of 
the residuary legatees) 10 for the poor 
of Bailey, Stidd, &c., and 10 for a piece 
of plate. His executors were to build a 
good almshouse on his estate at Stidd for 
five poor persons to live separately therein, 
and to endow it with ^30 a year, viz. 
j5 for each inmate and ^5 for repairs. 
He died in Dec. 1726. See C. D. Sher- 
born, Shcrborn Fam. 73-6. 

4 * Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. xxvii. At the 
same time an extent was made ; Kuerden 
MSS. ii, fol. 132^3^. It appears that 
Stidd was occupied by Robert Goodshaw, 
who paid 45. rent. There was a consider- 
able number of farms, &c., in Dutton and 
the adjoining townships. 

59 



This second manor may have been due 
to a regrant to the Hospitallers by Queen 
Mary of Stidd with numerous dependen- 
cies ; Pat. 4 & 5 Phil, and Mary, pt. iv. 

46 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. The 
sale included the manor of Stidd, formerly 
belonging to the Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem, with customary rents in 
Chipping, Barbing, Thornley, Chaigley, 
Aighton, Bailey and Belingfield, &c., 
together with perquisites of the court of 
Stidd ; but a rent of 4. los. o\d. for 
Stidd, Forton and Cunscough was to be 
paid to the Crown. 

In 1 543 Sir Alexander Osbaldeston had 
a lease of ' the manor or capital messuage 
of the Stidd,' by purchase from John 
Cowell, who had it from the Crown at a 
rent of 5 u. 8</. ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 1076. 

47 The grant to Richard Crombleholme 
in Dutton, Huntingdon, Milneclough, Ac., 
appears to have been from part of the 
Hospitallers' possessions ; Pat. 38 Hen. 
VIII, pt. xvii. In the extent of 1609, 
above referred to, Richard Crombleholme 
is stated to have held Huntingdon and 
' Bailey in Dutton ' by the twentieth part 
of a knight's fee and 31. id. rent, and to 
have granted out many portions of the 
lands. 

Richard Crombleholme the elder held 
a messuage 'in Huntingdon in Bailey in 
the township of Dutton ' and various 
lands, and made a settlement of part 
thereof in 1576. His son William hav- 
ing died before him, he was succeeded by 
a grandson Richard the younger (son of 
William), who died at Dutton in 1588 
holding Huntingdon, &c., of the queen by 
the hundredth part of a knight's fee, and 
other land in Dutton of Sir Richard 
Shireburne as of his manor of Dutton. 
Richard, the son and heir of the younger 
Richard, was seven years old ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 40. See further 
in T. C. Smith, op. cit. 238-9. 

William Crombleholme of Dutton was 
arrested in 1584 on his way to the Con- 
tinent to be educated for the priesthood 
and was imprisoned in the Tower for some 
time; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), iii, 17; 
Gillow, Bibl. Diet, of Engl. Cath. iii, 410 
(quoting Bridgewater's Concertatio). He 
is supposed to have become a missionary 
priest in Lancashire. 

Huntingdon is now the property of 
Mr. Holt of Stubby Lee in Spotland. 

48 Carlinghurst was in 1560 granted to 
Thomas Reeve and Richard Pynde ; Pat. 
2 Eliz. pt. iii. Afterwards it was held 
by the Shireburnes. 

49 In a fine of 1 686 respecting the manor 
of Stidd and various messuages, lands, &c., 
in Stidd, Ribchester and Blackburn the 
plaintiff was Edward Burdett and the 
deforciants were James Stamford Richard 
Chorley, Richard Husband, Richard 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



After the Reformation an allowance 
CHAPEL of 4-O.r. was ordered from the manor estate 
towards the stipend of a chaplain at 
Stidd, 50 but this became merely a perquisite of the 
vicar of Ribchester, 51 who held a service in the 
dilapidated chapel several times a year. 52 The 
extra-parochial district has now been formally united 
to the parish of Ribchester, and service is performed 
once a month and more frequently in the summer. 

The chapel of ST. SAVIOUR at Stidd 53 stands 
amongst fields in a pleasant situation about half a mile 
to the north-east of Ribchester. It is an exceedingly 
interesting and rather picturesque 54 building sub- 
stantially of late 1 2th-century date, with subsequent 
alterations, in plan a plain rectangle 46 ft. 6 in. long 
internally by 20 ft. 6 in. wide, and with a small 
south porch. The walls, which are 3 ft. thick, are 
faced with rubble masonry, but at a later date, 
probably in the 1 3th century, square buttresses of 
two stages have been added at each angle, built with 
dressed stone and with chamfered plinths. The north 
wall retains all its original 12th-century features 
unaltered, having two narrow semicircular-headed 
labelled windows, with Q-in. lights splaying on 




1 12S CENTURY 
S CENTUHY 
l5lS CENTURY 
dl MODERN 
10 20 JO 



4O 



SCALE or! 

PLAN OF ST. SAVIOUR'S CHAPEL, STIDD 

the inside to 3 ft. 10 in., and between them a door- 
way, 2 ft. 4 in. wide, now built up, with semi- 



circular head, chamfered jambs, and hood mould 
with plain zigzag ornament. On the south side a 
single 12th-century window remains, similar in 
character to those on the north, but of greater height 
and widened out in its lower half to a width of 1 2 in. 
The other windows on the south side are of 15th- 
century date, each of three lights under a square 
head. They, however, differ in detail, and were 
probably not inserted at the same time, that at 
the eastern end, which is the earlier, having no 
hood mould but with cusped heads to the lights, 
the opening going right up under the eaves. 
The other is slightly lower, with external hood 
mould and without cuspings, and may be of 16th- 
century date. The lower part of both windows is 
now built up. The south doorway is at the western 
end of the wall, and is a good example of early 13th- 
century work, probably inserted soon after the original 
building was finished. It has a pointed arch of two 
moulded orders springing from moulded imposts, and 
angle shafts with carved caps. The detail of the 
carving is transitional in character, but the appearance 
of the doorway has been spoiled by successive coats 
of whitewash. On the east side the detached outer 
shaft has gone. The door is the original oak nail- 
studded one. A plain open porch 6 ft. 6 in. square 
has been built at a later date in front of the doorway, 
consisting simply of two rough stone walls with stone 
lintel and rubble gable. 

The east window is a modern pointed one of three 
lights, the mullions crossing in the head, but internally 
it has a segmental arched head. The gable above is 
quite plain, and below the window is a dwarf buttress. 
The east wall, unlike those on the north and south, 
has a plinth suggesting its entire reconstruction at 
the time the angle buttresses were added. On the 
south wall below the easternmost window is a portion 
of a string 13 ft. in length, detached at each end, 
between the buttress and the I zth-century window. 

At the west end, high up in the wall, is a late 
two-light pointed window, the sill of which is 10 ft. 
above the floor of the chapel, and in the south-west 
corner a pointed doorway, the threshold of which is 
8 ft. 6 in. above the floor. On the outside, where 
the ground has probably risen all round, the height 
of the door from the ground is only 6 ft. 6 in. Both 



Shireburne, John Shireburne, Richard 
Walmsley and John Walmsley ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 216, m. 38. The 
Shireburnes here named were those of 
Bailey Hall, and the ' manor ' may be 
that of the Holt family. 

On the other hand the manor of Stidd 
is named among the Shireburne of Stony- 
hurst possessions in 1737 and 1777 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Plea R. 544, m. 13 ; 625, m. 
10 d. (16). 

50 This was directed in the sale to 
Thomas Holt. The tithes of the district 
seem also to have been paid by custom to 
the chaplain, but by compositions they 
became very trifling in amount. 

51 At first there seems to have been a 
separate chaplain, for one John Moss was 
there in 1 574. He gave a certificate that 
Edward Ash had received the communion 
from him at Stidd Church in Passion 
week that year. Ash had been sum- 
moned before the Bishop of Chester for 
his omission in that matter 5 Chester 
Consistory Ct. Rec. 

About 1 6 10 Stidd was described as 'a 



donative from the Lord Archbishop of 
Canterbury ' ; there was ' no minister 
there resident ' ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. 
xiv, App. iv, 9. On 21 Jan. 1616-17 
Richard Learoyd, B.A., was admitted to 
the church of Stidd on the presentation of 
Francis Holt; Act Bk. at Chester, 1579- 
1676, fol. 65. The vicars of Ribchester 
were therefore in charge, and the con- 
venient custom remained in force. The 
right of patronage or donation was exercised 
by Francis Holt, but on the decay of this 
family and the apparent extinction of the 
manor the vicar of Ribchester seems to 
have been regarded as the patron, Stidd 
thus becoming a curacy. In 1650 it was 
regarded as Mr. Holt's donative, and was 
worth 6 131. 4</., this sum being paid 
'to the minister at Ribche.ter, being 
accounted parson at Stidd.' There were 
only seventeen families in the parish ; 
Common-w. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), 170. 

About 1717 Bishop Gastrell found the 
income to be ^3 19.5. id., being ^2 from 
Stidd Hall, from three other estates 51., 

60 



tithes (by composition) 1 141. id. In 
1690 the 'vicar of Ribchester [?was] 
instituted to Stidd and invested with all 
the rights belonging to it.' The ancient 
burial-ground was in use ; Notitia Cestr. 
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 476-8. 

52 In Gastrell's time it was ' served by 
the vicar on New Year's Day, Good 
Friday and some other Sundays in sum- 
mer time ' ; ibid, i, 478. A century 
later Whitaker wrote that divine service 
was performed ' only twice a year ' ; ' nc 
reading desk was ever erected and prayers 
are read out of the pulpit ' ; Whalley (ed. 
Nicholls), ii, 465. 

58 A monograph entitled ' The History 
of Stydd Chapel and Preceptory near Rib- 
chester, Lancashire,' by George Latham, 
architect, was published in 1853. It 
contains fourteen plates, mostly measured 
drawings. The letterpress is of little 
value. 

54 Its 'picturesque beauty' in 1801 is 
noticed in Whitaker's Whalley, loc. cit. 
A view of the building is given by T. C. 
Smith, Longridge, 166. 




BUTTON : STIDD CHAPEL FROM THE NORTH 




DUTTON : STIDD CHAPEL : NAVE AND CHANCEL 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 



window and door are now built up, and the south 
buttress at the west end is broken at the top. The 
doorway was probably the means of access from the 
formerly existing buildings of the hospital to a gallery 
at the west end of the chapel, the condition of the 
external masonry at the south-west angle of the 
building indicating a structural connexion at this 
point. 

The roof, which is covered with stone slates, is for 
the most part ancient, though patched and mended, 
and consists of simple tie-beam trusses without king 
posts, but with a species of very small collar and king 
post close to the top. One of the tie-beams has the 
sacred monogram carved on its underside, and another 
has a floreated ornament, and the space between the 
spars is plastered. The floor is flagged, and the 
interior is generally in a rather neglected condition. 
The walls are plastered and whitewashed, and there 
being no means of heating the building, which is 
little used but in the summer months, it has naturally 
suffered in the course of years. The piscina remains 
at the east end of the south wall, and has a trefoiled 
head, but the bowl has gone. The sanctuary is still 
marked by a late iyth or early 18th-century oak 
screen standing I 3 ft. from the east wall, now in a 
very dilapidated condition, the framework with some 
turned balusters along the top being all that is left. 
The screen is 5 ft. 1 1 in. high, and finishes at the 
south end against the pulpit, which stands against the 
south wall immediately to the east of the 1 2th-century 
window. It is of oak, with nine sides, and stands 
on a rough stone base 3 ft. 3 in. high, with stone 
steps on the west side, the topmost one of which is 
level with the sill of the window. The pulpit is 
probably of late 17th-century date, and is 4 ft. high 
with plain panelled sides. It appears to have formerly 
had a suspended canopy, the chain of which with 
turned oak spindle still remains. The font is in- 
teresting, ajid belongs to the first half of the i6th 
century. It is of dark gritstone, octagonal in shape, 
each side with a shield bearing sacred, heraldic and 
other devices, some of which have been differently 
interpreted. 58 Against the north end of the screen 
facing the nave is a long oak seat with panelled back, 
and there is a square oak pew in the north-east corner 
of the sanctuary. The altar table is of oak, and is 
probably the one given in ijc^. 56 There are no 
communion rails, and the seats in the church are 
modern benches without backs. 

The floor of the sanctuary is slightly raised round 
the table and along the north side. Below the table 
is a 14th-century double sepulchral stone, 3 ft. 9 in. 
square, with two floreated crosses marking the burial- 



place of Sir Adam and Lady Alicia de Clitheroe. 
The inscription, which is very much worn and 
defaced, is read as : ' AMEN, me JACET DOMINVS ADA 

DE CLIDEROV M(lLEs) (p)ROPICIETVR DEVS HIC JACET 

. . . ADE. CVIVS A1E PROPICIETVR DEVS.' 57 On 

the south side of the sanctuary are two other 
sepulchral slabs, one 6 ft. long with an incised cross, 
broken at the top, and the other 5 ft. 9 in. long 
with raised floreated cross within a circle. In the 
floor close by, now partly hidden by seating, is the 
tombstone with Latin inscription of Bishop Petre, 
vicar apostolic of the northern district, who died in 
1775 at Showley Hall. 

A scheme for the restoration of the chapel in 1888 
was abandoned. 58 There is a small cemetery on 
three sides of the building, and a public path through 
the fields passes it on the west side. On the south 
side is the base of an old cross. 



ALSTON WITH HOTHERSALL 

Alston, 1292 ; occasionally an h is prefixed. 

Hudereshale, 1199; Hudersale, 1212; Huddres- 
hal, 1254; Hordeshal, 1256; Hudersale, Huderis- 
hale, Hodereshale, 1292 ; Hothersall, xvi cent. 

This township is within the hundred of Amounder- 
ness. Its area is 3,078^ acres, of which Alston has 
2,040 and Hothersall 1,038^.' The population in 
1901 numbered 2,007.2 The two portions, Hother- 
sall being to the east and Alston to the west, are now 
considered independent townships. Norcross is in 
the south-west of Hothersall. The surface is hilly, 
the general slope being from north to south, and 
many brooks flow southwards through wooded valleys 
to join the Ribble. In the bends of this river lie 
areas of level land. There are no villages or note- 
worthy hamlets in the greater part of the area, but 
on the extreme northern edge lies a part of Long- 
ridge. 

The principal road is one from Preston to Long- 
ridge, and there is another near the northern border 
from this town to Ribchester. The Preston and 
Longridge line of the London and North Western 
and Lancashire and Yorkshire Companies' railways 
runs along the north-western boundary. 

At Hothersall Hall ' a demon is supposed to be 
" laid " under a laurel tree until he can spin a rope 
from the sands of the River Ribble, which runs near 
the house.' 3 

Before the Conquest it is supposed 
MANORS that Alston was a part of Dilworth. 
Afterwards, when Dilworth proper be- 
came part of the honor of Clitheroe, Alston and 



See Smith, Rochester, 134-5, 
where illustrations of the font and the 
carved shields are given. The shields, 
beginning at the west, are as follows : 
(i) I H C ; (z) the sacred heart, hinds 
and feet ; (3) the initial* T. P. ; (4.1 a 
quatrefoil, on a chief a cross ; (5) arms 
of Clitheroe of Salesbury ; (6) arms of 
Hothersall of Hothersall ; (7) five bulls' 
heads caboshed in cross ; (8) arms of 
Newport of Salop. ' Every effort has 
been made to identify nos. 4 and 7, but 
without success.' It has been suggested 
that the initials T. P. refer to the name 
of the donor, that P. stands for Prior and 
that the letters stand for Turcopolier, one 
of the official titles in the Order of St. 



John. Smith suggests they are the initials 
of Sir Thomas Pemberton, preceptor of 
Newland, under which Stidd was a camera 
and that the font was a gift from the 
Preceptory. Whitaker assigns no. 4 to 
the Knights Hospitallers, but gives no 
explanation of the other arms. Smith 
acknowledges indebtedness in his inter- 
pretations to Sir Henry Diyden, bart., 
F.S.A., and to Mr. Joseph Gillow. 

56 'Dec. i 1703. This day Mr. Ogden, 
vicar of Ribchester, gave y e communion 
table at Stid Church and caused the long 
seat in the church to be fixt under the 
south window ' 5 Church Book quoted by 
Smith, Ribchester, 132. 

61 



87 Smith, op. cit. 136. There is an 
illustration in Cutts's Sepulchral Slabs, 
plate Ixiv. 

58 A report on the state of the structure 
with suggestions for its repair, a copy of 
which has been communicated by the 
present rector, was made in that year. 
Some portions of it are quoted by Smith, 
op. cit. 1323. 

1 Alston, 2,037 acres ; Hothersall, 
1,056 ; including 46 and 24 acres of 
inland water respectively ; Census Rep. 
1901. 

2 Of these 1,865 were ' n Alston, in- 
cluding Longridge. 

8 Harland and Wilkinson, Legends and 
Traditions, 240. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Hothersall remained in the king's hands, being held 
of him in thegnage. 

In the survey of 1 2 1 2 it was found that Thomas 
de Burnhull held half a plough-land in chief by the 
service of 4/. 4 This was ALSTON. It did not 
descend like Brindle, but became divided between 
the lords of Samlesbury and Lathom, each holding 
nominally a moiety, but the former paying 3*. rent 
and the latter u. 5 The original partition was pro- 
bably in the ratio of the thegnage rents into 3 
oxgangs of land and l oxgang for William son of 
Roger de Samlesbury about 1230 granted 3 oxgangs 



of land in Alston to Adam de Hoghton. 6 From 
this time onwards the Hoghtons of Hoghton were 
the immediate lords of a moiety of the manor, 7 
the mesne lordship of Samlesbury being frequently 
ignored 8 ; while the other moiety descended, like 
Lathom, to the Stanleys, Earls of Derby. 9 There are 
at Walton-le-Dale Court Rolls of Alston from 1672 to 
1690. The Hoghton manor was in 1772 sold to 
William Shaw the younger, 10 and is now said to be 
held by Mr. William Cross of Red Scar. 

In the 1 3th and I4th centuries one or more 
families are found bearing the local name. 11 The 



4 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 50. Peter de 
Burnhull paid 45. for half a plough-land 
in Alston held in thegnage in 1226 ; 
ibid, i, 139. The 4*. rent was paid to 
the Earl of Lancaster in 1297, but the 
tenants' names are not recorded ; ibid. 
289. 

* In 1324 Nicholas D'Ewyas and 
Robert de Holland held a moiety of the 
manor of Alston by the service of 31. 
yearly ; the other moiety was held by 
Robert de Lathom, who rendered izd. ; 
Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39. 

Again in 1346 Gilbert de Southworth, 
in right of his wife, and Robert de Holland, 
held the fourth part of a plough-land in 
Alston by a rent of 31., and Thomas de 
Lathom also held the fourth part of a 
plough-land by a rent of 12 d. \ Survey of 
1346 (Chet. Soc.), 48. 

A century later Richard Hoghton was 
said to hold the fourth part of a plough- 
land by a rent of I2</. (for 3*.), and 
Sir Thomas Stanley similarly by izd. 
rent ; Extent of 1445-6 in Duchy of 
Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. In 
the former case the intermediate lordship 
has been ignored. 

6 Add. MS. 32106, no. 226. A rent 
of 3.1. C)d. was to be paid to the grantor 
and his heirs. The witnesses included 
Sir William le Boteler (who died in or 
before 1233) and Emery his son. 

In 1282 William son of Jordan de 
Preston and Alice his wife claimed the 
latter's dower in half an oxgang of land 
in Alston against Adam de Hoghton ; 
De Banco R. 47, m. 49. 

7 In addition to the manor the Hoghtons 
purchased other lands in Alston. William 
de Bury released to Richard son of Adam 
de Hoghton all claim in Alston and in 
Elmetridding in Chipping and Goos- 
nargh, and Richard de Bury, brother of 
William, in 1306 undertook to see that 
the sale was carried through when William 
should come of age ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 218, 225. Other acquisitions are 
noticed later. 

In 1312 Richard son of Adam de 
Hoghton granted to Richard his son his 
manors of Alston, Hothersall and Dil- 
worth, together with the services of all 
the free tenants ; ibid. no. 708. At the 
same time he notified the free tenants 
concerning this gift; ibid. no. 721. A 
year later, by fine, a moiety of the manors 
of Alston, Hothersall and Dilworth was 
settled upon Richard son of Richard de 
Hoghton by Richard son of Adam de 
Hoghton ; Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 14. Thomas son of Sir 
Adam de Hoghton in 1316 released to 
Richard son of his brother Richard de 
Hoghton all his claim to the manor of 
Alston and lands in Hothersall, Dilworth, 
Goosnargh, &c. ; ibid. no. 710. 

John son of William Jonesson de 



Alston in 1 349 made a feoffment of 
3 acres lying together in the western part 
of his field ; the bounds began at Sir Adam 
de Hoghton's land and went across the 
grantor's field towards the east ' until 
3 acres of land were fully complete ' ; 
ibid. no. 217. 

Agnes wife of Adam de Bowland in 
1350 gave 2 acres of arable land and an 
orchard to her husband for his life ; ibid. 
no. 196. Afterwards (1362) she gave 
him all the land descending to her after 
the death of John son of William son of 
John ; ibid. no. 222. Two years later 
Adam and Agnes granted the whole to 
Sir Adam de Hoghton ; ibid. no. 213. 

In 1377 Sir Adam de Hoghton and 
Ellen his wife made a settlement of a 
moiety of the manors of Alston, Dilworth 
and Hothersall ; the remainder was to 
Sir Henry, son of Sir Adam, and his 
heirs male ; Final Cone, iii, 3. The free 
tenants in Alston appear to have been 
Robert de Alston, William Albyn, Adam 
de Ellel and John son of Adam de Ellel. 
The settlement was probably varied, for 
in 1386 Sir Adam de Hoghton released 
his manors to the feoffees ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 720. Sir Henry de Hoghton 
does not seem to have had anything in 
Alston (Lanes. Inq. p.m. [Chet. Soc.], ii, 
43), but Sir Richard (son of Sir Adam) 
de Hoghton gave to the feoffees his 
manors, specially naming the moiety of 
the manor of Alston ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 718. Again in 1415 Sir Gilbert de 
Kighley and Ellen his wife (formerly wife 
of Sir Henry de Conway and Sir Adam de 
Hoghton) granted Sir Richard de Hoghton 
their manor of Alston ; ibid. no. 206. 
Sir Richard held half the manor in 1422 
by the rent of 31. ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Chet. Soc.), i, 146. In 1433 his suc- 
cessor Sir Richard granted John Elswick, 
rector of Ribchester, a parcel of his waste 
in the vill of Alston ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 220. 

8 This moiety is supposed to be that 
settled upon Fromund de Norhampton 
and Hawise his wife in 1321 ; Final Cone. 
ii, 42. 

In 1363 Edmund Maunsell released 
his right in a moiety of the manor of 
Alston to Sir William de Windsor ; Hist. 
MSS. Com. Rep. x, App. iv, 226. 

The Samlesbury lordship was recognized 
in 1499 and 1519, when it was found 
that Alexander and William Hoghton 
had held a moiety of the manor of Alston 
of Thomas Earl of Derby and John 
(Thomas) Southworth by a rent of "j\d. ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66 ; 
v, no. 66. IB the later inquisitions (1559 
onward) this moiety of the manor was 
stated to be held of the sovereign as Duke 
of Lancaster in socage ; ibid, xi, no. 2, &c. 

Bridget Brown, widow, held certain 
land in Alston of the queen (the owner, 
Thomas Hoghton, being a fugitive), pnd 



also had a boat in the Ribble at Alston, 
and gave to her nephew George Clarkson ; 
but at her death in 1578 or 1579 one 
George Cawvell (Cowell) took possession, 
claiming by grant of Thomas Hoghton ; 
Duchy of Lane. Plead. Eliz. ex, C i ; 
cxxi, C 12. 

The younger Thomas Hoghton in Aug. 
1581 granted to Elizabeth widow of 
Alexander Hoghton, among other things, 
the capital messuage called Alston Hal) 
for her life ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 878. 

9 The tenure of this moiety of the 
manor as recorded after the death of 
Thomas de Lathom (1370) is singular, 
but throws light on the second para- 
graph of the last note. It was stated 
that he had held it of Thomas la Warr 
by knight's service and a rent of 41., and 
that William de Windsor held it of him 
by the same service ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. ii, no. 7. 

The moiety of Alston is named in the 
inquisition after the death of Thomas, 
second earl, in 1521. In right of 
Samlesbury the Earls of Derby had also a 
share in the superior lordship of the other 
moiety of the manor of Alston. 

The rental compiled in 1522 (in the 
possession of the Earl of Lathom) shows 
that the free tenants paid us. n^d. 
rent ; there are named Roger Elston 
(formerly Richard Ellel), Christopher 
Norcross, Ellis Ellel, John Alston and 
Henry Hoghton (is.) ; the Abbot of 
Sawley paid 31. \d. for leading the water 
from the Ribble to his mill near Sunder- 
land Grange. The tenants at will (twelve 
tenements) paid ^12 6s. $d. The manor, 
demesne lands and water-mills had been 
demised to John Cowell at a rent of 
7 4*. ; a close in the demesne, called 
Roberhagh, was demised to Robert Ellel 
at 8j. rent. There were some small 
rents also from improvements of the 
waste. No courts had been held, nor 
had any heriots or gressums been paid 
during that year. The free rent of i id. 
due to the king lor the manor had been 
duly paid to the bailiff of Blackburnshire. 

After the forfeiture of James, the 
seventh earl, some of his messuages and 
lands in Alston were sold by the Parlia- 
ment in 1652 ; Royalist Comp. Papers 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 238. 

The manor of Alston is named in a 
recovery of the Earl of Derby's estates as 
late as 1776 ; PaL of Lane. Plea R. 623, 
m. la. 

10 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 387, 
m. 114. The deforciants were Sir Henry 
Hoghton and Frances his wife. 

About 1830 the Alston Hall estate 
was owned by the Riddells of Cheesburn ; 
T. C. Smith, Chipping, 161. 

11 Robert lord of Alston granted an acre 
in Alston to Robert son of William de 
Whittingham at a rent of 4</.; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 223. Mabot daughter of 




I 

h 



X 

U 



p 
P 

Q 




CJ 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 



Hothersalls had a share of Alston also, and this seems 
to have been acquired by the Hoghtons. 12 Later 
some of the neighbouring landowners had estates in 
this part of the township, 13 but few other records of 
Alston occur. 14 Thomas Cutler died in 1604 holding 
a messuage, &c., of the Earl of Derby and Sir Richard 
Hoghton by a rent of 6s. 15 During the Common- 
wealth period two-thirds of the estate of Benjamin 
Eccles at Colland Banks was sequestered for his 
recusancy, 16 and Thomas Grimshaw suffered for the 
same cause. 17 Thomas Gregson and several others 
registered estates as 'Papists' in lyry. 18 

The family of Norcross of Ribchester and Alston 



was formerly of some note. 19 A branch of the Dew- 
hursts registered a pedigree in 1665, being described 
as < of Alston.' 20 

HOTHERSALL in 1212 was held by Swain son of 
Robert, to whom it had been granted by King John 
first when Count of Mortain and afterwards on coming 
to the throne in 1 1 99. 2I It was assessed as 2 oxgangs 
of land, and a thegnage rent of 5/. was rendered. 22 
Swain, living in 1226, was followed by a son 
Thomas de Hothersall, who died in 1256 or 1257 
holding the 2 oxgangs of land in Hothersall and an 
oxgang and a half in Alston ; Robert his son and 
heir was of full age. 23 The descent cannot be clearly 



Robert de Alston, a widow, released to 
her brother Robert ' land with which she 
had been freely married ' to William son 
of Walter de Penwortham ; Dods. MSS. 
Ixx, fol. 155. 

Roger son of Richard de Alston ex- 
changed his part of Croneberihall in Eccles- 
ton for land in Alston with Adam de 
Hoghton ; to this Roger Gernet, Benedict 
his son, Vivian Gernet and Thomas 
de Beetham were witnesses ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 208. About 1247 Roger dc 
Alston granted land to Walter son of 
Richard son of Uctred at a rent of izd.; 
ibid. no. 348. The date is fixed by one 
of the witnesses, Matthew de Redmayn, 
being described as ' then sheriff.' By 
another charter John de Alston gave his 
three daughters (joan, Maud and Kathe- 
rine) all his land in Alston, a rent of i zd. 
being due to Walter de Alston ; ibid, 
no. 202. 

Roger de Alston and Richard his son 
occur as witnesses ; ibid. no. 197. Richard 
de Alston was lord in 1257 ; Lanes. Inq. 
p.m. i, 204. 

In 1292 Grimbald de Alston was the 
principal owner. William son of William 
de Alston claimed the sixteenth part of 
certain land and wood in Alston against 
Grimbald, who had entry through Roger 
de Alston, the grantee of Richard de 
Alston ; Assize R. 408, m. 68. William 
son of Robert atte Yate also claimed the 
sixteenth part of the same land ; ibid, 
m. 70 d. The jury rejected these claims, 
as also a further one by William son of 
William ; ibid. m. 8 d. 

Anabel widow of William de Porta 
(atte Yate) released to Richard de Alston 
her dower right in land which Richard and 
Amery his wife had recovered by suit at 
Lancaster ; William on of William the 
Clerk of Alston was a witness ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 20 1 ; Assize R. 408, m. 3 i d. 
Adam de Alston obtained land from Adam 
son of Gerard de Hothersall in Hehefield, 
Whitecross, Brerecroft and Whitecarr ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 224. Robert son of 
Swain de Hothersall gave Amery his 
daughter and her issue all his land in 
Alstonfield and 2 acres in Alstonholme ; 
ibid. no. 198. Then the above-named 
William son of Robert de Porta gave 
Richard son of Adam de Alston and 
Amery his wife all his land in ' Lymwel- 
ridding ' in the vill of Alston ; Grimbald 
de Alston was a witness ; ibid. no. 204. 
Then Amery widow of Richard granted to 
Richard her son all her land in ' Lamewel- 
ridding' in 1321 ; ibid. no. 207. Richard 
son of Hitchcock de Alston in 1325 sold 
his land in Alstonholme to Sir Richard de 
Hoghton ; ibid. no. 199. 

Alice widow of Grimbald de Alston 
claimed dower in the manor of Alston in 
1308 against Henry de Rimington and 



Amery his wife; De Banco R. 170, 
m. 200 d. 

Swain de Hothersall gave Robert his 
son the half oxgang of land in Alston which 
Waltheof had held ; a rent of \d. was to 
be paid ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 197. 
Robert son of Swain afterwards granted 
Sir Adam de Hoghton all his land in the 
Hokefield and in the Brerecroft, receiving 
2Os. in return ; ibid. no. 21$. 

Adam son of Gerard de Hothersall gave 
Robert son of Stephen de Hothersall and 
Roger son of Roger of the same 3 acres in 
Whitecarr, they releasing to him all their 
right in i J oxgangs of land in Alston ; 
ibid. no. 20$. William ton of Adam de 
Hothersall granted half an oxgang of land 
in Alston (formerly held by Richard son 
of Adam de Hoghton) to Adam son of 
Adam and Amery de Hoghton ; ibid, 
no. 211. William le Boteler, 'then 
sheriff,' was a witness, so that the date was 
about 1260. 

In 1373 William son of Henry de 
Dutton purchased a messuage and land in 
Alston from Richard son of John de 
Hothersall and Emma his wife ; Final 
Cone, ii, 187 ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 203. 

u The Shireburnes of Stonyhurst had 
land in Alston, but the tenure it not 
recorded. 

Edward Radcliffe of Dilworth in 1617 
held land in Alston of Sir Richard Hogh- 
ton ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 152. 

14 In 1382 William Albyn of Alston 
and Joan his wife held a third part of two 
messuages and certain land in Alston ; 
Final Cone, iii, 14. 

u Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 107. Thomas Cutler, son and 
heir of Thomas, was twenty-six years of 
age. 

16 Royalist Camp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 270-4. Benjamin Eccles 
grandson of Thomat had in 1587 a lease 
from the Earl of Derby. Samuel King 
claimed the land in 1654, after the death 
of Ecclet, alleging that his father had 
purchased from the earl. The seques- 
tered two-thirds had been let in 1652 to 
Thomat Gregson. 

17 Ibid, iii, 133-5. Thomas Grim- 
shaw's right was derived from hit wife 
Jane, who at widow of one Thomat 
Duddell had a capital messuage in Altton 
and landt in Thornley. Jane having died 
the property wat in 1651 claimed by Roger 
Sudell, in right of his wife Grace, daughter 
of William Duddell, heir of Thomas. 

William Sanderson, another recusant, 
desired in 1654 to be allowed to contract 
for his estate ; Cat. Com. for Camp, v, 
3194. 

18 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non- 
jurors, 102, 137, 140, 150. The other 
names were : Anne Hothersall, widow, 



Robert Tomlinson, John Duckworth 
(Duckett) and Anne hit wife and William 
Walmesley. 

lr T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 249. James 
Norcross 'of Dilworth' in 1631 paid 10 
on refusing knighthood ; Misc. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 218. 

20 Dugdale, Viiit. (Chet. Soc.), 97. 

11 Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 27. 

M Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 50. Swain's 
name occurt again in 1226 ; ibid, i, 139 ; 
and the payment of the 51. rent it re- 
corded among the Earl of Lancaster's 
receiptt in 1297 ; ibid, i, 289. A charter 
of Swain ton of Robert it cited below 
(note 41). 

Swain had teveral tont. His grant to 
Robert, one of them, has been cited 
above ; also a grant by Robert in Altton. 
William Moton granted land in Rib- 
chester to Richard ton of Swain de 
Hothertall ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 284. 
Alan ton of Roger ton of Swain de 
Hothersall granted all his land to Adam 
de Hoghton ; ibid. no. 24, fol. 244. 

There were other families taking a 
surname from the place, but their con- 
nexion with Swain cannot be traced. For 
instance, Adam son of Gerard, Robert 
ton of Stephen, Roger and Hugh occur 
between 1250 and 1260 ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents, i, 183, &c. Robert ton of 
Stephen de Hothertall confirmed part of 
hit land to Henry ton of Geoffrey de 
Ribchester; Add. MS. 32106, no. 23, 
fol. 244. Adam son of Gerard de Hother- 
tall gave his cousin Robert ton of Stephen 
parcels of land in Scalecroft and other 
placet in the field of Hothertall ; ibid. 
no. i. The tame Adam granted hit 
titter Godith't ton William 5 acres in 
the vill of Hothertall ; ibid. no. 14. 

Hugh ton of William de Hothersall 
gave hit daughter Agnet various lands, 
Roughley, Frendesforth, Oldfieldhalgh, 
Brerefurlong, Crocland and Great Hold 
being named. Hugh had a brother and 
a ton each named Roger ; ibid. no. 4. 
Roger ton of Roger exchanged with 
William ton of Hugh certain lands, the 
place-names including Oldfield, Rese- 
ditch, Bradleybone ; ibid. no. 55. To 
this deed Robert son of Stephen, Alan 
his ton, Thomas, Adam and Robert hit 
son, all ' de Hothertall,' were witnetset. 
Other chartert of Roger dc Hothertall son 
of Roger are in the tame collection, 
no. 20, 41, 51, 52. 'Thomas son of 
Swain ' it named in teveral of them. 

28 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 204. 
Thomat it no doubt the Thomas too 
of Swain of the preceding note. Again, 
Thomas de Hothertall and Richard hi 
brother attested a Dilworth grant (Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 313), and Richard't 
parentage hat been shown. Robert the 
ton and heir of Thomat paid 51. at relief 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



traced, but Thomas de Hothersall held the manor 
in I324 24 and his son Robert in 1346 by the 5/. 
rent. 25 In 1445-6 the 2 oxgangs of land were held 
by the heir of Adam Hothersall by the same rent. 26 

Robert Hothersall died in 1558 holding the manor, 
i.e. the capital messuage of Hothersall with other 
messuages, lands, &c., of the queen as of her duchy 
of Lancaster by free thegnage and a rent of 5-f. 27 
John his son and heir was fifty-four years of age in 
1577. John Hothersall was in 1576 reported to the 
Privy Council by the Bishop of Chester as one of 
those 'of longest obstinacy against religion,' whose 
resistance had encouraged many others to refrain from 
' embracing the queen's majesty's proceedings.' 2ii He 
made a settlement of his estate in I579- 29 His suc- 



cessor seems to have been Richard Hothersall, who 
was a freeholder in i6oo, so and died in 1 6 10, leaving 
a son John, aged twenty-five. 31 John was in 1632 
succeeded by his brother Thomas, 32 who recorded a 
pedigree in 1665, being then about eighty years of 
age. 33 John, his eldest son, had been killed at the 
siege of Greenhalgh Castle in 1645, and George, 
another son, lost his life at Liverpool in 1644, both 
fighting for the royal cause. 34 

John's eldest son Thomas succeeded to Hother- 
sall. 35 He had several children. The eldest son, 
John, took part in the Jacobite rising of 1715, and 
was captured at Preston ; escaping, he managed to 
elude recapture, and lived secretly with his sister 
Anne, wife of William Leckonby. 36 This sister and 



on succeeding ; Originalia R. 41 Hen. Ill, 
m. 2. 

Adam de Hothersall and Richard his 
brother gave half a mark for a writ in 
1258-9 ; ibid. m. 6. They seem to have 
been sons of Thomas. 

Robert chief lord of Hothersall about 
1280 granted Adam de Gouldebrough a 
plat on the eastern side of Bradley, the 
bounds beginning at Bolkin (or Bolin) 
Brook and descending Ayothalgh, and 
thence by lands of Sir Adam de Hoghton 
and Richard de Bradley to the starting- 
point ; ibid. no. 47, fol. 248. 

Robert son of Thomas de Hothersall, 
Richard de Byron and Margery his wife, 
Robert son of Stephen and William son 
of Roger de Hothersall allowed Sir Adam 
de Hoghton to make a mill on the Kibble ; 
ibid. no. 36. Margery was probably one 
of the sisters Margery and Isabel, daughters 
of Robert son of Stephen, who made a 
grant in 1288 to Robert Ward of Hother- 
sall and Mabel his wife ; ibid. no. 38. 

In 1292 the various disputes which had 
arisen between Robert de Hothersall and 
Adam son of Adam de Hoghton were 
referred to the judgement of six men of 
the district ; ibid. no. 40. 

In the same year Simon son of Agnes 
de Ribchester and grandson of Henry son 
of Hawise de Ribchester claimed various 
messuages and lands against Thomas son 
of Robert de Hothersall, against Robert and 
William other sons, and against Adam 
and John, other sons of Robert, but the 
jury decided against him ; Assize R. 408, 
m. 35. Edusa daughter of Thomas de 
Hothersall and widow of Adam de Dutton 
formally acknowledged that she had re- 
leased to Adam son of Thomas de Hother- 
sall her right to certain land in the place ; 
ibid. m. 20. Edusa seems afterwards 
(1308) to have denied her charter ; De 
Banco R. 173, m. 418 d. 

2 Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39. Thomas's 
parentage is shown by a claim made in 
1 308-9 by Robert le Ward of Hothersall 
respecting the eighth part of certain lands ; 
the defendants were Master Richard de 
Hoghton and Thomas son of Robert dc 
Hothersall, whose widow Ellen was joined 
in the defence ; Assize R. 428, m. i. 
The father may be the Robert son of 
Robert of 1292. 

Richard son of Adam de Hoghton gave 
Thomai son of Robert de Hothersall, in 
free marriage with his daughter Margery, 
lands in Eastwood, Uckemonsriddings, &c., 
in 1311; Add. MS. 32107, no. 349. 
In 1339 Sir Richard de Hoghton, Thomas 
son of Robert de Hothersall and Robert 
le Ward claimed a tenement against John 
son of Hugh de Stapleton ; Assize R. 427, 
m. 3 d. 



Sur-v. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 58. In 
the preceding year Adam son of Sir 
Richard de Hoghton, as feoffee, granted 
to Robert de Hothersall and Maud his 
wife various lands and services and the 
reversion of those held as dower by Mar- 
gery widow of Thomas de Hothersall ; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 349^. That 
Robert was the son of Thomas appears 
from a suit in 1348; Assize R. 1444, 
m. 8. He had a brother Richard living 
in 1349 (Add. MS. 32106, no. 293), and 
to Richard son of Thomas de Hothersall 
had in 1331 been granted by Agnes 
widow of Richard de Turnley 2 acres in 
the vill of Hothersall ; ibid. 32107, no. 
382. Another brother was Roger, to 
whom in 1340 Robert de Hothersall 
granted land in a place called the Leigh ; 
ibid. no. 378. 

36 Duchy of Lane. Knights' Fees, 
bdle. 2, no. 20. 

In 1362 Adam de Threlfall, Silicia his 
wife, Adam son of Robert de Hothersall, 
Joan his wife and various others had a 
dispute with Sir Adam de Hoghton re- 
specting tenements in Hothersall ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 352 ; 32106, no. 39 
(fol. 246). 

In 1394 Adam de Hothersall made a 
feoffment of all his lands, &c., in Alston ; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 356. Adam in 
1406 allowed Sir Richard de Hoghton to 
alienate land for the endowment of the 
new chantry in Ribchester Church ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 290. In 1414 Adam 
on of Robert Hothersall granted Aspel- 
carr in Ribchester to his son Richard ; 
Kuerden MSS. iv, R 14. Adam was still 
living in 1427, when he gave land called 
the Intakes in Alston and Hothersall to 
Ughtred Hothersall and Joan his wife, 
daughter of John Catterall ; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 365. At the same time Adam 
and Ughtred made a feoffment of lands in 
Alston, Hothersall and Ribchester ; ibid. 
no. 373. 

Ughtred was probably a grandson of 
Adam. He was living in 1458 (Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 295) and had a son and 
heir Robert, named several times in the 
reign of Edward IV ; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 361, 376. Bernard was another son 
(ibid. no. 383), who occurs in 1447 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Plea R. 10, m. 42. Katherine 
wife of Ughtred Hothersall gave a receipt 
to Ellen widow of Richard Catterall in 
1468 ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 386. Ugh- 
tred in 1470 released to William Cottam 
of Alston various lands in Hothersall in 
Alston which had belonged to Thomas 
Hothersall ; ibid. no. 366. 

In 1479 Richard Towneley complained 
that Ughtred, Robert and Gilbert Hother- 
sall had broken into his close at Hother- 

64 



sail and cut down trees to the value 
of 401. ; Pal. of Lane. Writs Proton. 
19 Edw. IV. Robert Hothersall seems 
to have been the head of the family in 
1487; Add. MS. 32106, no. 310. In 
1493 Jh n Towneley complained of 
trespass by Robert Hothersall, Richard 
Hothersall the elder and Richard the 
younger 5 Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 77, m. 2. 
At this point the succession is un- 
certain, but in 1533 John son of Robert, 
son and heir of Richard Hothersall, was 
contracted to marry Anne daughter of 
John Talbot of Salesbury ; Shireburne 
Abstract Bk. at Leagram. 

27 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 21. 
The inquisition was not made until 1577. 
No land in Alston is recorded, but he had 
held i acres in Ribchester of Robert 
Lynalx. 

Robert Hothersall was involved in 
tithe disputes in 1536-41 ; Ducatus Lane. 
(Rec. Com.), i, 155, 160. 

28 Gillow, Bibl. Diet, of Engl. Cath. Hi, 
410. 

George Hothersall, a son of John, was 
educated for the priesthood at Rheims 
and Valladolid (1585-93); he returned 
to England on the mission, but was 
arrested and exiled, becoming a monk at 
Douay in 1615. It is believed that he 
returned to England and died in Lancashire 
in 1633 ; ibid. 

29 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 41, 
m. 182. 

30 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 232. 

31 Lanes, and Ches. Inj. p.m. (Rec. Soc 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 166. 'Shuffling 
John Hothersall ' is mentioned by the 
Puritan Nicholas Assheton in 1618 ; 
Journal (Chet. Soc.), 99. 

32 Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 
505. Thomas Hothersall is described as 
thirty years of age and more. 

33 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 153. 
84 Gillow, op. cit. iii, 408. 

35 A settlement of the manor of 
Hothersall and lands there and in Alston 
was made in 1673, Thomas Hothersall 
being the plaintiff in the fine and William 
Hothersall, with his son and heir Thomas, 
the deforciants ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 190, m. 70. William would be the 
uncle of the former Thomas. William 
Hothersall, Grace his wife and Thomas 
Hothersall were among the recusants of 
Alston in 1667 ; T. C. Smith, Ribchester, 
62. Thomas was outlawed for the same 
in 1679-80 ; ibid. 63. 

86 Smith, op. cit. 227. As the father, 
Thomas Hothersall, was living the estates 
were not forfeited, but were left to the 
daughters. The father died in 1720. His 
will is in the Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 



another, Margery wife of Edward Winstanley, after- 
wards divided the estates, the manor of Hothersall fall- 
ing to the former and descending to her son Richard 
Leckonby. On his becoming bankrupt in 1763 
the manor was offered for sale, 37 but seems to have 
been retained in the family till the end of the cen- 
tury. 38 The Hothersall Hall estate was purchased in 
1852 by Jonathan Openshaw, and has since been 
much augmented. It is now the property of Mr. 
Frederick Openshaw. 39 The Hall was rebuilt in 
1856 in a plain modern Gothic style on the site of 
the old house 39a in a low situation close to the right 
bank of the Ribble. No part of the former house 
remains,. with the exception of a carved stone built 



into the wall of one of the outbuildings on which 
are the arms of Hothersall, together with the initials 
T-H- and the date i695. 39b 

A moiety of the manor was held by the Hoghton 
family. 40 It seems to have been a composite estate, 
formed by purchasing various portions. 41 The tenure 
is not stated in the inquisitions, and the 5/. thegnage 
rent was always paid by the Hothersalls. In 1 6 1 o it 
was purchased by John Dewhurst from Sir Richard 
Hoghton and Katherine his wife, 42 and in 1621 
William Dewhurst was found to have held messuages 
and lands in Hothersall of the king in socage. 43 

An ancient estate in this part of the township was 
i that of the Bradleys of Thornley, 44 descending to the 



iii, 204, from znd-jrd Roll of Geo. I at 
Preston. By it he left Hothersall Hall to 
Alexander Osbaldeston, as trustee for the 
testator's daughters. See also ibid, iii, 
380, from Roll 5 of Geo. III. 

37 Pedigree in Piccope MSS. ii, 233 ; 
Gillow, op. cit. iv, 284. The descent is 
thus given : William Leckonby of Eccles- 
ton in the Fylde m. Anne Hothersall 
-s. Richard m. Mary daughter and heir 
of William Hawthornthwaite of Stony- 
hurst and heir also of the Liveseys of 
Button -s. William -da. Mary m. (1799) 
T. H. Hele-Phipps of Wiltshire. 

38 In 1801 Thomas Ingilby was plaintiff 
and William Rigby deforciant in a fine 
respecting the manor of Hothersall and 
tenements there ; Pal. of Lane. Lent 
Assizes 41 Geo. III. 

Robert Parker was residing at the 
hall in 1825 (Lanes. Dir.) and Martin 
was owner about 1836 ; Raines, Lanes. 
(ed. i), iii, 387. 

89 The estate, ' after passing through 
several hands, became the property of the 
late Jonathan Openshaw esq. of Bury, to 
whose nephew, Frederick Openshaw, esq. 
J.P., it now [1890] belongs'; T. C. 
Smith, op. cit. 227. Particulars are 
given of a family picture of the Leckon- 
bys. The same writer gives the legend 
of the laying of the Hothersall Hall 
devil ; ibid. 73. For an account of the 
Openshaw family ee T. C. Smith, 
Longridge, 139. 

39a The old house is described as having 
been in a 'dilapidated state' when pulled 
down ; T. C. Smith, Longridge, 139. 
39b Th e 8 tone is illustrated ibid. 132. 
40 The Hoghton family's estate has 
been referred to in preceding notes. 
Adam son and heir of Adam de Hoghton 
warranted to Agnes, his father's widow, 
a messuage and land in Hothersall claimed 
by John de Church and Alice his wife. 
Alice was the sister and heir of William 
and John de Hothersall, from whom 
Adam de Hoghton the elder had had the 
land ; Assize R. 408, m. 50. 

The estate was described as a moiety 
of the manor in 1377 ; Final Cone, iii, 3. 
Usually, however, no 'manor* is named 
in the inquisitions, and the messuages, 
lands, &c., are stated to be held of the 
king as duke by services unknown ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chct. Soc.), ii, 127 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66. In 
1590 the estate is again called a manor, 
but the service was unknown ; ibid, xv, 
no. 39. 

41 Many of the Hoghton charters have 
already been cited from Add. MS. 32106, 
fol. 241 on ; 32107, no. 290, &c. 

Swain son of Robert granted Octe- 
pranus son of Ughtred an eighth part of 
the vill of Hothersall, to be held in free 



thegnage by a rent of jfad. ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 19, fol. 243. This was pro- 
bably the eighth part of the vill which 
John son of Roger de Hothersall after- 
wards gave to Sir Adam de Hoghton ; 
ibid. no. 22. Sir Adam granted certain 
easements in the eighth part of the vill ; 
ibid. no. 34. 

Richard de Amethalgh and Christiana 
his wife gave their daughter Avice the 
lands they held of St. Saviour's Hospital. 
The bounds began at a broken bank by 
the Ribble, upon Hepewell, went north 
by Merecliff to Stiropeclough, and so 
down again to the Ribble ; ibid. no. 5, 
50. Avice married John de Wickles- 
worth, and this land was granted to Adam 
de Hoghton in or before 1275 ; ibid. no. 
6, 48, 53. Alice daughter of Avice de 
Hothersall in 1274 gave Maud, her 
mother's sister, her right in lands formerly 
belonging to her uncle Henry ; ibid, 
no. 13. 

Richard son of Hugh de Hothersall 
granted Adam de Hoghton the homage 
and service of Roger his brother and 
Adam del Hurst and Agnes his wife, 
Roger son of Hugh releasing all his right 
in his mother Alice's dower ; ibid. no. 
10, 3. 

The estate of Robert the Ward was 
also acquired by the Hoghtons. Margery 
and Isabel daughters of Robert son of 
Stephen de Hothersall gave an acre of 
land to Robert the Ward of Hothersall 
and Mabel his wife in 1288 ; ibid. no. 38. 
In 1 292 Robert the Ward claimed common 
of pasture against Robert son of Thomas 
(de Hothersall) and Adam de Hoghton. 
but was non-suited ; Assize R. 408, m. 
9 d. It seems probable, from a suit 
already cited, that he had an eighth part 
of the manor. Robert the Ward and 
Mabel his wife acquired other lands down 
to 1322 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 7, 26, 42. 
In 1344-5 Sir Richard de Hoghton had 
a dispute with Alina widow of Robert 
the Ward, who claimed the fourth part of 
a moiety of messuages and land in Hother- 
sall. She held a fourth part of the town 
(or perhaps a fourth of the moiety) in 
common with Sir Richard de Hoghton 
and Adam de Hoghton, of whom the 
former was lord of a third part and the 
latter had a moiety of the town ; Assize 
R. 1435, m. 37 d., 36. It was found 
that Richard, Adam and Alina had 
approved the tenements put in view, and 
that Richard alone had disseised her. 

In 1448 John son of Robert de 
Freckleton claimed the eighth part of the 
manor of Hothersall against Adam son 
of William de Turnley, Margery his wife 
and others, including Robert son of 
Thomas de Hothersall, Sir Adam de 
Hoghton and Mabel widow of Henry de 

65 



Turnley. Adam de Hoghton said he was 
lord of the manor, which was held of 
him by knight's service. Adam de Turn- 
ley stated that Robert the Ward had had 
the tenement settled on himself and his 
heirs by Alina his wife, with remainders 
to Henry de Turnley, Adam de Turnley 
and Sir Adam de Hoghton. The 
claimant admitted this, but said that 
Henry de Turnley had released his right 
to Alina while she was a widow, but the 
verdict was against him ; Assize R. 1444, 
m. 8. Adam de Turnley then granted to 
Sir Adam de Hoghton all his lands, tene- 
ments, rents, &c., in the vill of Hother- 
sall ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 8. 

Sir Adam de Hoghton in 1375 made a 
feoffment of his tenement called the 
Blackgreve in Hothersall in the vill of 
Alston ; ibid. no. 1 1. 

43 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 75, 
no. 10. John Dewhurst had, in the time 
of Elizabeth, purchased the lands in Rib- 
chester and Hothersall previously held by 
Crompton and Greenhalgh ; see the 
account of Ribchester. 

43 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 284. 

William Dewhurst and Anne his wife 
made a settlement of the manor of 
Hothersall in 1649 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 146, m. 153. In a later fine 
the deforcianti were William Dewhurst, 
Anne his wife, Henry Marsden, Janet 
his wife and William Dewhurst, the 
plaintiff being Lancelot Bolton ; ibid, 
bdle. 179, m. 142. 

44 Adam de Hurst in 1316 released to 
Adam de Bradley his right in certain land 
adjoining Sir Richard de Hoghton's ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 43 (fol. 247). 
Richard de Amethalgh gave Thomas de 
Bradley two small plats in a field called 
' Cromanhalgh ' in 1318; ibid. no. 59. 
In 1319-20 Adam de Bradley granted to 
John his son and heir all the land in 
Hothersall he had had from Richard son 
of Adam del Hurst ; Parlington D. He 
also gave his son Thomas land which he 
had had from his brother Richard ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 49. Thomas son of 
Adam de Bradley gave lands to his 
brothers Robert and John about the same 
time ; ibid. no. 37, 54. To his brothers 
Simon and William he gave land in 
' Cronershalgh ' ; Kuerden fol. MS. 55. 
John son of Thomas de Bradley of Chip- 
pingdale in 1409 received 10 marks from 
Nicholas de York, Abbot of Whalley, in 
part payment for ' divers transgressions ' ; 
ibid. 

Thomas Hesketh of Rufford in 1523 
held 8 acres in Alston and Hothersall by 
services unknown ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. v, no. 1 6. In 1556 Thomas 
Bradley purchased lands in Aighton and 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Osbaldestons. 45 Some smaller estates are known, 4 ' 
and the family of Naden is distinguished by the Rev. 
Thomas Naden, a benefactor of St. John's College, 
Cambridge. 47 William Rogerson of Hothersall regis- 
tered a small estate in 1 7 1 7 as a ' Papist.' 48 

The chapel of ST. LAWRENCE at 
CHURCH Longridge is of unknown foundation, 
but is named in the rental of the Earl 
of Derby's estates in I5Z2. 49 A few particulars of 
its ' ornaments ' at the time of the Reformation 
have been preserved, 60 but it does not appear to have 
had any endowment. It probably ceased to be used 
for a time," but was not destroyed or desecrated, 
though even in 1650 there was 'neither minister 
nor maintenance.'" One, Timothy Smith, was 
appointed in 1657," but ejected in 1662." Various 
small endowments were afterwards given to it/ 5 and 
it was rebuilt in 1716. Bishop Gastrell at that time 
found that there was an income of 4 I 3/. \d. for 
the minister, received by the vicar of Ribchester, 
who held service there once a fortnight. 46 Grants 
from Queen Anne's Bounty were obtained in 1730 
and later." The Hoghton family claimed to present, 58 
but the advowson was purchased in 1829 by the 
Hulme Trustees. 59 

The church stands on the south side of the town 



of Longridge. The old chapel was rebuilt in 1716 
and again in 1822, the building of the latter year 
being rectangular in plan with galleries and two 
tiers of windows at each side. A west tower con- 
taining two bells was added in 1841. A restora- 
tion, which was begun in 1899 and was completed 
in 1906, practically took the form of a further re- 
building, only the tower and the main walls being 
left standing. A chancel and vestry were added, the 
galleries done away with, 60 and the interior of the 
building was entirely remodelled. The churchyard, 
which slopes away from the building on the south 
side, was enlarged in 1878. It contains some frag- 
ments of the 18th-century church. There is a clock, 
given in 1892, with dials on the north and west 
sides of the tower. The register of births begins 
in 1760, that of burials in 1789 and of marriages 
in iSsS. 60 * 

A district chapelry was formed for it in i$6i. 60b 
The present income is ^400. A chapel of ease, 
St. Paul's, was built in 1890. The following have 
been curates and vicars 61 : 
1701 Thomas Felgate 
1730 Richard Dixon 
1743 John Sharpe 
1780 Robert Parkinson " 



Hothersall from Sir Thomas Hesketh 
and Alice his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of 
F. bdle. 1 6, m. 12. 

Thomas Bradley of Bradley in Thornley 
in 1564 held a messuage, &c., in Hother- 
sall of John Hothersall by a rent of I2d.\ 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 37 ; 
xvii, no. 28. 

45 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 179. 

46 John Seed the elder in 1596 pur- 
chased messuages, &c., in Hothersall from 
Robert Dobson and Isabel his wife ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 59, m. 229. 
Dying in 1629 John Seed was found to 
have held his estate in Hothersall of the 
king ; John his son and heir was fifty 
years of age ; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 
(Chet. Lib.), 1073. 

The Kuerdens of Ribchester had lands 
in Hothersall, Adam de Hoghton having 
granted a parcel in Ravenhacclough to 
Richard de Kuerden at a rent of 6d. ; 
Add. MS. 32109, fol. 17, no. 57. This 
or adjoining land was in 1336 given to 
Nicholas son of Thomas de Hothersall ; 
Towneley MS. C 8, 1 3 (Chet. Lib.), K 18. 
William son of John de Walton, perhaps 
as trustee, secured a messuage and land 
from Adam son of Roger de Kuerden and 
Agnes his wife in 1352 ; Final Cone, ii, 
132. The same Adam son of Roger 
made an exchange of lands with Sir Adam 
de Hoghton in 1383-4; Add. MS. 32109, 
fol. 57, no. 29. 

Adam de Threlfall has been named 
above. In 1425 Adam Hothersall re- 
leased to ' his brother ' John Threlfall of 
Goosnargh the elder all right in a mes- 
suage in the hamlet of Hothersall in the 
vill of Alston ; Add. MS. 32108, no. 880. 
Edmund Threlfall of Ashes in Threlfall 
in 1617 held land of John Hothersall by 
a rent of I zd. ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 92. 

Richard Towneley of Towneley held 
land in Hothersall in 1408-54 ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 59. William 
Cottamof Dilworth in 1475 granted land 
received from Ughtred Hothersall to 
Richard Towneley ; Towneley MS. C 8, 
13 (Chet. Lib.), C 108, 



47 Smith, op. cit. 250 ; A. F. Torry, 
Founders and Benefactors, 68. Thomas 
son of Edmund Naden of Hothersall was 
admitted to St. John's Coll., Camb., in 
1669 ; M.A. 1676. He died in 1714 
and bequeathed his lands in Alston and 
Hothersall to found an exhibition in the 
college for students in divinity. The 
lands, known as the College farms, were 
sold in 1870 and the money invested in 
consols ; the income, about 240 a year, 
is given to three ' Naden students." 

48 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Non-jurors, 105. 

49 There is entered ' ^.d. of new rent of 
a parcel of land from the lord's waste near 
the chapel of Longerygge, containing 
J rood of land, enclosed by Richard Fair- 
clough.' 

60 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 262, 
277. 

51 Robert Cottam, priest, and John 
Tomlinson, church reeve, are named at 
Longridge in 1554; yet in Raines' note 
Robert Cottam is called a ' deacon only ' 
in 1556. 'He was grave and chaste, 
could play on the musiques, and was no 
tippler nor diceman ' ; ibid. 262. His 
name is not given in the visitation lists. 
It was one of the suspicious points in the 
story of John Shireburne, rector of Brindle, 
that Robert Cottam, once curate of Long- 
ridge, had paid him a visit during an 
illness ; see the account of Bury Church. 

The chapel is named, without any 
account of its use, in 1610 ; Hist. MSS. 
Com, Rep. xiv, App. iv, 9. 

52 Commoniv. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 169. 

68 Plund. Mini. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 202. He was nominated 
by the inhabitants, and a stipend was 
provided out of the tithes of Ribchester ; 
ibid. 223. He had formerly been stationed 
at Rainford. 

54 The income would cease at the 
Restoration, so that the traditional ' ejec- 
tion ' in 1662 was little more than 
nominal. Timothy Smith continued to 
preach in Longridge Chapel occasionally 
till his death in 1679 ; T. C. Smith, 
Longridge, 64. 

66 



From entries in the Ribchester church- 
warden's accounts it appears that ' the 
king's minister ' and others occasionally 
preached at Longridge from 1679 onwards ; 
Smith, Ribchester, 108-9. 

65 In a dispute as to the liability for 
repairs in 1702 it was stated that for 
sixty years past it had had ' prayers, 
sermons and both sacraments in it.' 
Three benefactors had given ^5 a year 
to a 'preaching minister,' and for that 
Mr. Hargrave (curate of Ribchester) 
preached there every fortnight in the 
afternoon and had ' a very great congre- 
gation ' ; Chester Dioc. Reg. 

56 Notitia Cestr. (Chet Soc.), ii, 474. 
A rent-charge of 13$. 4^. was given in 
1657 for a preaching minister ; ^30 was 
given in 1673 and 50 in 1701 and 
later. 

57 Smith, Longridge, 60. The later 
grants were in 1743-5 an ^ I 75^- 

68 They probably gave money to meet 
the grants from the Bounty. Sir Henry 
Hoghton presented Richard Dixon in 



49 Smith, op. cit. 59. Since the 
trustees acquired the patronage the vicars 
have been Hulmeian Exhibitioners of 
Brasenose College, Oxford. 

60 The two tiers of windows were re- 
tained, though the windows themselves 
were modernized. 

A description of the church in 1870 
is given in A. Hewitson's Our Country 
Churches, 939. 

603 From 1730 baptisms 'at Longridge 
Chapel ' are recorded in the Ribchester 
registers ; in 1702 there was a burial at 
Longridge ; Smith, Ribchester, 198, 2O2. 

eob London Gaz. 8 Feb. 

61 The list is taken from papers at the 
Diocesan Registry, Chester, with additions 
from Smith's Longridge, 61-73, where 
notices of the incumbents are given. 

The curates have been styled vicars 
since 1866 ; Land. Gaz. 10 July. 

62 His nephew, Canon Parkinson of 
Manchester, wrote of him : ' His income 
from his living rose during the time of 
his incumbency from about 40 a year 
to 140, where it stopped. The popula- 



BLACKBURN HUNDRED 



RIBCHESTER 



1829 George Parkin 

1831 Frederick Maude, M. A. (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.) 
1843 Edward Pigot, M.A. 63 (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.) 
1847 William Charles Bache, M.A. 64 (Brasenose 

Coll., Oxf.) 
1 877 Fitzherbert Astley Cave-Browne-Cave, M.A. 64 

(Brasenose Coll., Oxf.) 
1894 Thomas Martin Harrison, M.A. 66 (Brasenose 

Coll., Oxf.) 



For the Presbyterians Timothy Smith's house was 
licensed in \6j2, 67 but no permanent congregation 
seems to have resulted. About 1717 there was a 
Quakers' meeting-place near Longridge Chapel. 68 

The Roman Catholic church of SS. Mary and 
Michael, Alston Lane, serves a mission which can be 
traced back to about ijoo.* 9 It was refounded in 
1761, and the old church was built in 1765. This 
was replaced by the present one in i857. ro 



tion in the meantime of the worst kind 
as far as ministerial labour is concerned, 
being universally poor, and consisting one 
half of Romin Catholics and almost all 
poor hand-loom weavers advanced from 
about 400 to 2,000. During his in- 
cumbency he enlarged his small chapel, 
without any expense to the place, so as 
to hold 700 worshippers, and left behind 
him what he did not find a parsonage- 
house. Nor was there erected (and this 
is a singular exception in that district) 
during his incumbency a single Dissenting 
place of worship of any kind in his 



chapelry ' ; Old Church Clock, 189. There 
are monuments in the chapel to him and 
his two successors. 

68 Rector of Whittington 1857. 
64 Rector of Alresford 1877. 

5 Vicar of Horton 1867, of Ellel 
1869, and of Padiham 1874. 

66 Vicar of Briercliffe 1887-94. 

67 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1672, pp. 198, 200. 
48 Gastrell, Noeitia, loc. cit. 

69 A. Hewitson, op. cit. 88-92. There 
were many convicted recusants in the 
township in the time of Charles II ; 
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 161-3. 



Sir Walter Vavasour, S. J., served there 
at the beginning of the i8th century ; Gil- 
low, Hay Jock P. 63. At that time there 
was also a domestic chapel at Hothersall, 
Sir Walter registered his estate as a ' Papist ' 
in 1717, being described as 'of Alston ' 5 
Estcourt and Payne, op. cit. 316. He 
was 'a reputed priest' ; Smith, Rib- 
chester, 63. A baptism by him in 1705 
is recorded in the parish church register ; 
ibid. 1 97. He was buried at Stidd, 1 740 ; 
ibid. 203. 

70 Smith, Longridge, 77 ; a list of 
priests in charge ii given. 



THE HUNDRED OF AMOUNDERNESS 



CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF 



PRESTON 
KIRKHAM 
LYTHAM 
POULTON-LE-FYLDE 



BISPHAM 

ST. MICHAEL-ON-WYRE 

GARSTANG 



The whole of the above parishes are contained within the hundred or 
wapentake of Amounderness, 1 which includes in addition the townships of 

Alston with Hothersall in Rib- 
chester, Forton and Cleveley in 
Cockerham, and Fulwood, Myer- 
scough, Bleasdale, Preesall and 
Stalmine in Lancaster. 2 A very 
large part of the area is the level 
district on the western side known 
as The Fylde, once ' the Wheat- 
field of Amounderness ' 3 ; the 
eastern part is more hilly and 
Fairsnape Fell in Bleasdale attains 
a height of 1,674 ft. above the 
sea. The Ribble forms the 
southern boundary; the next 
important stream is the Wyre, 
which is joined by the Brock, 
watering the centre of the hun- 
dred, and flowing west and then 
north to enter the sea by the 
Wyre estuary. Leland writing 
about 1535 says that the hundred had formerly been full of wood, the moors 
being * replenished with high fir trees,' but he found the seaward portion 
' sore destitute of wood.' 4 

1 The hundred was defined probably soon after the Conquest. The name has many spellings : 
Agemundrenesse, Dom. Bk. ; Almunderness, 1177 ; Agmundernes, 1212 ; Augmonderness, 1226 ; 
Aumundernesse, 1242 ; Amunderness, 1244 ; Aumonderness, Aumunderneys, 1297 ; Andreness, 1535- 

A pleading in I 300 turned upon the spelling of the word. The plaintiff claimed an acre in Preston in 
* Aundernesse ' ; the defendants replied that Preston was within a certain liberty called Aumundernesse and 
not Aundernesse ; De Banco R. 134, m. 69. 

Camden gives Anderness as the local pronunciation in his time. Leland spells it Aundernesse. 

Agamund was a monk of Croyland, and Hagemund occurs locally as a personal name ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, passim. 

2 For convenience the accounts of Fulwood, Myerscough and Bleasdale have been added to Preston, 
and those of Preesall and Stalmine to Kirkham. 

Fulwood, Myerscough and Bleasdale were the principal parts of the forest of Amounderness ; see Ducatus 
Lane. (Rec. Com.), iii, 331. 

3 Thornber, Blackpool, 125. Camden remarks : 'This part yieldeth plenty of oats, but [is] not so apt 
to bear barley. However, it is full of fresh pastures, especially to the sea side, where it is partly champain 
ground' ; Britannia (ed. Gibson), 753. Very little corn is now raised. The district has no definite boundary, 
'The Fylde' being a popular term, but a line drawn from Freckleton to Cockerham shows roughly the 
eastern limit. * 2 tin. v, 98. 

68 



AMOUNDERNESS 
HUNDEED 







AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 

More than a century before the Conquest part of Amounderness 
was given by Athelstan to St. Peter's Church, York, 5 but it does not seem to 
have been retained. The district was then more extensive than at present. 6 
In 1066 it was held by Earl Tostig, the younger brother of King Harold, 
slain at Stamford Bridge while taking part in the King of Norway's invasion. 
Preston was the head of the whole district, which was in 1086 surveyed as 
part of Yorkshire. 7 It is not called a hundred or wapentake in Domesday 
Book, the name Amounderness being descriptive, like Lonsdale or Furness. 

Since the Conquest the lordship has descended in the same way as the 
honour of Lancaster, except for a few years at the end of the 1 2th and 
beginning of the I3th century. John while Count of Mortain, between 
1 190 and 1 193, gave to Theobald Walter the whole of Amounderness, with 
the vill of Preston, the forest, all demesne lands, services of knights and 
free tenants, &c., with all pleas of wapentake and forest, excepting only the 
pleas pertaining to the Crown. For this Theobald was to render the service 
of three knights' fees. 8 The grant was confirmed or renewed by Richard I 
in i I94, 8a and, though forfeited on John's accession in 1 199, was restored in 
1 202, perhaps for life only. 9 Very soon afterwards Amounderness was again 
in the possession of the Crown. 10 

Suit to the three weeks' wapentake court was a usual condition of tenure 
of lands. 11 The profits of the pleas were estimated at 2os. in i29y. 12 The 
Court Rolls of 1324-5, which have been printed, 13 show that the courts were 
usually held at Preston, but sometimes at Ashton, Garstang Church, Poulton 
and ' Yolrungegreve.' There are later rolls at the Record Office. 14 

The bailiwick of the hundred was granted to the ancestor of the 
Singleton family, 15 and descended regularly to Banastre 16 and Balderston 17 and 

4 The charters (dated 930) are printed in Dugdale, Man. vi, 1176; Birch, Cart. Sax. ii, 405. 
See also V.C.H. Lanes, i, 271 ; Lanes, and Ches. Antlq. Soc. xviii, 1 10 1 1. Bispham or Biscopham in the Fylde 
has been thought a token of the gift, which was ' of no small extent.' 

6 The bounds in the charters referred to are thus given : From the sea by the Cocker up to its source, 
thence to the source (?) called Duleshope, and thence by the Hodder and Kibble to the sea. Duleshope may 
be Wyresdale. The boundaries also in 1066 were similar, it appearing from Domesday Book that 
Amounderness then included all Ribchester, Chippingdale and Aighton (afterwards in Blackburnshire) and 
part of Cockerham (afterwards in Lonsdale). 7 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 2884. 

8 Cotton MSS. Titus B. xi, fol. 252. The witnesses included Stephen Ridell, 'my Chancellor,' and 
William de Wendeuall. The reference is due to Mr. J. H. Round. 

8a Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 434. 

'Ibid. 2H-I2. In 1199 King John granted to the burgesses of Preston the whole toll of the 
wapentake ; Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 26. 

10 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 115, 120, 192. Theobald Walter died in 1205, and in the Pipe Rolls 
of 1205-6 and later the sheriff accounted for 29 IO/. \d. of the farm of Amounderness, 4 of perquisites 
of the same wapentake and other profits of Theobald's estates ; Farrer, op. cit. 206, 2 1 7, &c. 

11 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 211, 213. lf Ibid. 290. 

13 In Lanes. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 1 14-23. 

14 Duchy of Lane. Ct. R. bdle. 79, no. 1032. 

15 Little Singleton, which gave a surname to the family, was held by the serjeanty of the wapentake ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 52, 160. The date of the grant is unknown ; see Farrer, op. cit. 34. 

William son of Swain, ' then seneschal of Amounderness,' occurs in an early Lytham charter, now at 
Durham ; I a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 37. 

16 See the accounts of Broughton in Preston and Balderston. 

The serjeanty of Amounderness, formerly William Banastre's, was in 1324-5 in the hands of William de 
Tatham and William Lawrence on account of the minority of the heir ; Memo. R. (L.T.R.), 88, m. 6 d. Agnes 
widow of Sir Thomas Banastre had a third part as dower in 1392 ; B.M. Add. Chart. 2051 1, 20522. 

lr Richard Balderston died in 1456 holding Little Singleton by the office of providing bailiffs for 
Amounderness and Blackburnshire; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 63. There was a dispute as to the 
matter in 1462 ; ibid, ii, 71. See B.M. Add. Chart. 20511. 

6 9 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 

to the heirs of the last-named. 18 On a division in 1564 it was assigned to the 
Earl of Derby. 19 The duties of the office as held by William Banastre were 
thus described in 1323 : ' Making executions of mandates of the king's courts 
by writs and summonses and by summons of the king's exchequer by precept 
of the sheriff ; also of judgements of the county court of Lancaster and the 
wapentake court of Amounderness ; making summonses, attachments and 
distraints by precept of the sheriff or keepers of the king's lands, and 
executions of the sheriffs tourns.' 20 

Complaints were made in 1334 as to the administration of Henry de 
Bickerstath, who held the office by grant from John Banastre and Nicholas 
his brother (grantees of Adam Banastre), paying them 20 a year. Henry 
was alleged to employ too many bailiffs in his circuit of the hundred, thus 
laying a needless burden on the tenants. It was stated that Alan de Singleton 
had performed his duties in person at his own charges. His son William 
did the same, taking nothing from the men of the wapentake except by 
their courtesy. His son Alan found it necessary to employ a bailiff, for 
many assarts had been made and men had multiplied. This system had 
continued, the number of officials gradually increasing. The acting bailiffs 
recouped the annual rent they paid to the Singletons by charges on the men 
of the wapentake for puture, &c. 21 

Several outlying members of the barony of Penwortham are found in 
this hundred. There are a few references to the hundred in the records 22 ; 
perhaps the most noteworthy is that, on the requisition of ship-money in 
1640, it 'would neither assess nor pay.' 23 

The three weeks' wapentake court, which survived till recently, had 
jurisdiction in personal actions where the debt or damages did not amount to 
4OJ. The chief officer was a steward, appointed by the Crown in right of 
the duchy. 24 

About 1580 inquiry was made as to the fisheries of the county, par- 
ticularly as to the destruction of salmon and their fry in the Ribble and 
Wyre. Sir Richard Shireburne and the other commissioners reported that 
they had reformed ' unlawful engines and nets, and had viewed all the 
weirs, calls and gorses standing on the rivers named. They objected to two, 
viz. one called Bessowe call on the Ribble and another recently erected on 
the Wyre by William Kirkby of Upper Rawcliffe. 25 

Amounderness gave name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Richmond 
in the diocese of York. Adam Dean of Amounderness occurs in the Pipe 

18 Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh died in 1521 holding a fourth part of Little Singleton by the 
serjeanty of being bailiff of the king's wapentake of Amounderness and Blackburnshire ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. v, no. 3. Thomas Earl of Derby at the same time held a moiety by the same service ; ibid, v, 
no. 68. Alexander Osbaldeston was the other tenant, but no service was recorded in his case. 

19 Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 216, m. 10 ; Edward Earl of Derby was to be bailiff of Amounderness. 
Hence his grandson Ferdinando held the manor of Little Singleton in 1 594 by that service ; Add. MS. 32104, 
fol. 426 (Blackburnshire also is named). The office was held by James Earl of Derby in 1715 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 276, m. 52. lo Lanes. Inq. and Extents, ii, 160. 

* l Coram Rege R. 297, Rex, m. 21, 27. 

" For example, the appointment of keepers of the peace in 1323 and 1345 ; Cal. Pat. 1321-4, 
p. 382 ;' 1343-5, p. 510. 

23 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1640, p. 230. 

24 Hardwick, Preston, 499. The steward in 1857 was the Duke of Hamilton, and his deputy was 
Edmund Robert Harris, the Preston benefactor. 

K Duchy of Lane. Special Com. 308. 

70 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 

Roll of 1 177-8 as paying a mark for some breach of the forest laws 26 ; also 
in i i 8 1-2 27 and later. 28 He was Dean of Kirkham in 1 I94- 29 The deanery 
was smaller than it afterwards became, there being also a Dean of Lancaster, 
but it had attained its full jurisdiction before 1291, when it included the 
parishes of Kirkham, Preston, Ribchester, Chipping, Garstang, Cockerham, 
Lancaster, St. Michael's, Poulton (with Bispham) and Lytham. 30 The 
names of several of the deans have been preserved. 31 

36 Farrer, op. cit. 38. 

ij Ibid. 47 ; he desired to secure the wardship of his nepos and the marriage of the mother. 

13 Ibid. 52 ; he married his daughter, who was of the king's donation, to the son of Norman de 
Redmayne. 

39 Cur. Reg. R. 2, m. 17 d. so Pope Nick. Tax. (Rec..Com.), 307. 

sl John de Conisburgh was dean in 1292 ; Assize R. 408, m. 101 d. 

John de Ascam was dean in 1334, when he was accused of extortion, demanding fees of 2O/. for 
every 20 contained in a testament and 2O</. for every 20*. ; Coram Rege R. 297, Rex m. 22 d. 

William Ballard was dean in 1346; Kuerden MSS. iv, K 18. He died of the plague in 1349, 
being succeeded by 

Adam de Kirkham ; Engl. Hist. Rev. v, 526. 

Thomas Catterick, chaplain, was dean in 1388 ; Pal. of Lane. Docquet R. I (12 John of Gaunt). 

Richard Cleveland occurs in 1504 ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 219, 233. 

Richard Waring was dean in 1517; Hornby Chapel D. 

Nicholas Lawrenson was dean in 1561 ; Duchy of Lane. Spec. Com. no. 36. 

Richard Parker, vicar of Chipping, was appointed dean in 1592 and again in 1598 ; Dansey, Herat 
Dec. Rur. ii, 374, 376. 



/ 

/ 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



PRESTON 

RIBBLETON 

GRIMSARGH and BROCKHOLES 



PRESTON 

ELSTON 

FISHWICK 

BROUGHTON 



HAIGHTON 

BARTON 

LEA, ASHTON, INGOL and COTTAM 



The parish of Preston lies on the north bank of 
the Ribble, and has an area of 16,116 acres, in- 
cluding 207^ acres of tidal water. The population 
in 1901 was 115,483, mostly within the borough 
of Preston. The surface is undulating, with a general 
rise towards the north and east. 

The history of the parijh is practically that of the 
town which has given its name to the whole. The 
old portion of the town occupies the centre of a 




table-land between two brooks which flow south-west 
into the Ribble, 1 this navigable river completing the 
boundary on the south side. Along eac^ -.ide of the 
Ribble are level tracts of low-lying land, but just at 
the town the surface rises sharply from the river to 
the table-land named. To the west of the town was 
the marsh, while a moor extended"-, itself along the 
northern boundary. The main street ran from east 
to west, being, the continuation of the road from 
the south across Ribble Bridge, into which at the 
entrance of the town came a road from Ribchester. 



The street had a continuation down to the riverside, 
but its main line turned to the north-west, and after 
passing out of the town divided, part forming the 
main road north and part going west to Kirkham. 
On the south side of the main street stood the parish 
church, while on the opposite side, further west, 
just at the turning was the moot hall, with the market 
place behind it. These streets and buildings, though 
improved and renewed on a grander scale, have 
remained predominant features 
of the town. 

The traces of early history 
are but scanty. 2 From the 
Roman station at Walton-le- 
Dale on the south bank of the 
Ribble, the north road, cross- 
ing the river by a ford, passed 
through Preston, 3 and as this 
place had good communication 
westward by water and stood 
in the centre of two level and 
fruitful districts The Fylde to 
the north-west and Leyland 
to the south it had probably 
some importance from an early 
time, and may well have been 
part of 'the land by Ribble' 
granted to St. Wilfrid for the 
endowment of his monastery 
at Ripon about 670.* On the 
other hand it was obviously 
exposed to the incursions of 
the Norse pirates. 

Preston was at that time 
within the kingdom of North- 
umbria and diocese of York, 
and at the Conquest was 
fiscally still part of the county 
of York. It was in 1066 the 
head of a fee or lordship com- 
prising the whole district of Amounderness, held by- 
Earl Tostig. Afterwards it was granted to Roger 
of Poitou, 8 who probably created a borough there, 
on which the privileges of a guild merchant were 
conferred in 1 1 79, the town being then in the 
king's hands. There is other evidence of its relative 
importance, and it had a market and fair. 6 As a 
borough Preston sent two burgesses to some of the 
early Parliaments from 1295 to 1331 but the 
burdensome duty fell into abeyance, not being 
resumed till 1529 and I545- 7 Even in 1601 the 



1 The northern brook, the position of 
which is marked by Moorbrook Street, 
fell into the Ribble at the division between 
Preston and Ashton. The southern one, 
named Swill Brook, formed the boundary 
between Preston and Fishwick, / 

2 For the ancient remains see Fish;wick, 
Preston, 3-7, and the sections ?f the 
present work. 



8 The bridge at Walton, emphatically 
' Ribble Bridge,' is supposed to be of post- 
Conquest erection. 

4 See the account of the church. 

5 y.C.H. Lana. i, 288*. The 
manors within the limits of the 
parish were assessed as 18 plough-lands 
in all. 

72 



6 See the account of the borough. The 
assizes appear to have been held there in 
1226 and 1229; Cal. Pat. 1225-32, 
pp. 71, 284. 

1 Pink and Beaven, Lanes. Parl. Repre. 
135-176, referring to W. Dobson, Preston 
Parl. Repre. (1868), and articles in the 
Preston Guardian ; L. and P. Hen. 
iv (3)> P- z6 9 2 - 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



election of a member was left to the choice of Sir 
Robert Cecil. 8 

The position of the town in the centre of the 
county and on a great road from south to north 
has occasioned its being the scene of many stormy 
events. On 4 November 1315 Adam Banastre and 
his confederates led their force to Preston, and, having 
overcome Sir Adam de Huddleston and others sent 
to check them, captured the place and made levies 
on the townsmen. Later in the same day, however, 
they were overthrown by Edmund de Nevill, the 
sheriff, who led the main force of the county. 9 Some 
seven years later the parish was laid waste by the 
Scots, who probably burnt the town. 10 A minor 
disturbance took place in 1338, when John, Nicholas 
and William Deuyas, with a number of armed com- 
rades, having crossed the Ribble, made sundry assaults 
at Ribchester and then went on to Preston. Here 
they lay hid in the fields near the Grey Friars' house, 
and when Thomas Starkie and others came near 
those in ambush set upon them, shooting arrows and 
driving them into the Friars' church. The rioters 
afterwards went to Kidsnape in Goosnargh. 11 

In 1332 a total of <) 4*. j^d. was raised in the 
parish by a subsidy, the hundred paying 53 1 8/. ^ \d. 
The amounts for the various townships li are much 
the same as those fixed for the ' fifteenth ' ls ; while 
the county lay of 1624, considered a fair tax at the 
time, required the parish to contribute 15 ijs. \\d. 
towards jioo for Amounderness. 14 This shows a 
reduction in the relative value of Preston in the 
300 years' interval. 

About 1340 the borough had not only the parish 
church, but an old leper hospital with its chapel and 
A house and church of Grey Friars 15 ; the chapel at 
Broughton probably existed, and one or two minor 
oratories. In the centre of the parish was the forest 
district of Fulwood, in which the burgesses had 
secured certain rights. The parish suffered from the 
plague in 134950 ; the Archdeacon of Richmond 
in a claim for probate dues alleged that 3,000 men 
and women had succumbed to it, and the jury, in 
allowing him 10, seem to have estimated the number 
of wills proved as about fifty in the period defined, 
viz. from 8 September i 349 to 1 1 January following. 16 
Some trouble with the labourers appears to have 
followed the plague. 17 

The Guild meetings are known to have been held 



early in the I4th century, for Kuerden has preserved 
certain regulations of a mayor's court held in June 
I328, 18 in which reference was made to an order 
decreed 'in the time of our last Guild Merchant.' 
It was agreed that the mayor, bailiffs and burgesses 
might ' set a guild merchant at every twenty years,' 
if necessary, the fees to 'go whole to the mayor at 
the renewing of the guild and refreshing of our 
town,' the object being the preservation of the guild, 
and therefore of the royal charter, by a regular 
purging of the roll and admission of new burgesses. 19 
The earliest roll extant is that of 1397, and in spite 
of the order quoted the Guilds were held at irregular 
intervals; from 1542, however, they have been 
celebrated every twenty years without a break, the 
latest being that of 1902.* From 1562 the time of 
holding the festival has been the Monday after 
29 August, the Decollation of St. John Baptist, 
patron of the guild. The roll of 1397 gives first 
the In Burgesses ' those who are in the forenamed 
guild and whose fathers were in ' it ; then the 
Foreign Burgesses knights and gentry of the county 
in many cases " ; and then ' the names of those whose 
fathers were not in the forenamed guild and there- 
fore made fine.' M The entries afford information 
as to the trades practised in the town, for there are 
named chaloner, coaler, draper, fleshewer, glover, 
mason, mercer, miller, saddler, souter, spicer, tailor, 
webster and wright. At the back of the roll are 
names of women members, being widows or daughters 
of members. 13 

The class of foreign burgesses was at first very 
small, but in the 1 7th century and later ' wholesale 
admissions of the neighbouring gentry and others 
seeking connexion with Preston as a matter of honour 
or social advantage . . . and the promotion of many 
Out Burgesses of long standing to the class of In 
Burgesses with its larger privileges,' made the number 
of non-resident burgesses larger than that of the 
townsmen enrolled, and ' it became necessary to check 
the process of appropriation of these franchises by 
non-residents and strangers.' " An inferior class 
named Stallingers first appeared in the roll of 1562 ; 
they were permitted to live and trade in the town, 
but not admitted to be burgesses. The new borough 
created seventy years ago destroyed the political im- 
portance of the guild, but it remains in full vigour 
as a popular festival. 



8 Cecil MSS. (Hist. MSS. Com.), xi, 
443- 

9 Coram Rege R. 254, m. 52. Adam 
de Bury and William the Marshal were 
among the townsmen whose goods were 
taken by the insurgents. 

10 Preston was taken by the Scots in 
1322; see V.C.H. Lanes, ii, 199. The 
extent of 1346, quoted later, mentions a 
house which had been burnt by them. 

11 Assize R. 430, m. 22. Thomas 
Starkie and others in 1343 terrified the 
bailiffs in order to prevent the execution 
of writs and caused disturbances ; ibid, 
m. 21 d. 

12 Preston, 53*. 4^. ; Ribbleton, 
I2J. i J</. ; Grimsargh and Brockholes, 
H*. lod. ; Elston, 141. Bd. ; Fishwick, 
8i. ; Broughton, z6s. %d. ; Haighton, us.; 
Barton, 241. ; Lea and Ashton, each 
Us. 6d.; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 54-72. 

18 Gregson, F ragments (ed. Harland), 19. 
14 Ibid. 23. The townships paid thus: 



Preston, 4 us. i\d.; Ribbleton, 
i 2s. i\d. ; Grimsargh and Brockholes, 
ijt. \\d. ; Elston, i 9s. 6d. ; Fishwick, 
17*. i \d. ; Broughton, z 51. -j\d. ; 
Haighton, 1 31. nj</. ; Barton, 
1 181. 9j</. ; Lea, 151. z^d. 5 Ashton, 
&c., 171. %d. In addition Myerscough 
paid 3 is. \\d. 

14 Leland (/'. iv, 22) states that the 
Friars' house was built on ' the soil of a 
gentleman named Preston,' and that 
several of his family were buried there, as 
also some of the Shireburnes and Daltons. 

16 Engl. Hist. Rei>. v, 526-7. 

17 Ibid, xxi, 534, citing Anct. Indict- 
ments, Lane. 54. 

18 Kuerden MSS. iv, P 23 ; printed by 
Abram, Memorials of the Preston Guilds, 8. 

19 It was ordered that ' all manner of 
burgess the which is made burgess by 
court roll and out of the Guild Merchant, 
shall never be mayor nor bailiff nor scr- 
jeant ; but only the burgess the which the 
name be in the Guild Merchant last 

73 



made before ; for the king give* the free- 
dom to the burgesses which are in the 
Guild and to none other.' 

20 Guilds are known to have been held 
in 1397, 1415, 1459 and 1500; this is 
believed Ito be a complete list for the 
period covered. The rolls of the three 
former and those of the guilds from 1542 
to 1682 have been printed by the Record 
Society of Lancashire and Cheshire( vol. ix). 
The originals are preserved at Preston. 
The roll of 1500 has been lost, but there 
are notes of it in Kuerden MSS. iv, P 36. 

21 The 1397 list is headed by Sir 
Richard de Hoghton. 

22 The fines were of various amounts, 
from zs. up to 40*. 

23 In 1562 it was ordered that widows 
should 'have and enjoy such liberties and 
freedoms during their widowhood as their 
husbands in lifetime had and enjoyed by 
reason of their burgess-ship.' 

24 W. A. Abram in introduction to 
Guild R. 

10 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



The officers of the Guild were the mayor, who 
was also mayor of the borough, stewards and alder- 
men. The following is a list of mayors: 1328, 
Aubred son of Robert ; 1397, William de Erghum 
(Arkholme) ; 1415, Henry Johnson ; 1459, Robert 
Hoghton ; 1500, William Marshall ; 1 542, Thomas 
Tipping; 1562, Thomas Wall; 1582, George 
Walton ; 1602, Henry Catterall ; 1622, William 
Preston ; 1642, Edmund Werden ; 1662, James 
Hodgkinson ; 1682, Roger Sudell ; 1702, Josias 
Gregson ; 1722, Edmund Assheton ; 1742, Henry 
Farington ; 1762, Robert Parker; 1782, Richard 
Atherton ; 1802 and 1822, Nicholas Grimshaw ; 
1842, Samuel Horrocks ; 1862, Robert Townley 
Parker; 1882, Edmund Birley ; 1902, the Earl of 
Derby.* 5 The meetings sometimes lasted a fortnight. 

To return from this digression, we find that in the 
time of Henry Duke of Lancaster (1351-61) the 
courts of the duchy were held at Preston, 26 and once 
at least the parish church served as a court-house. 17 
Usually they seem to have been held at Lancaster, 
but in time of pestilence were transferred to Preston. 88 
An inquiry as to the obstructions to the passage of 
vessels up the Ribble was ordered in 1359.*' ^ 
matter of this kind may have contributed to the 
decline evident in the importance of the town in the 
I 5th century. * The burgesses were fewer in number 
in 1459 than in 1415. The old freemen, sons of 
fathers who had been in the guild, had dwindled 
down ... to about ninety persons,' though the 
foreign burgesses had slightly increased to forty-five. 
The new in burgesses admitted in 1459 numbered 
ninety-three, the roll being thus doubled. 10 

In 1536, during the excitement of the Pilgrimage 
of Grace, the Earl of Derby made Preston his head 
quarters, but on 30 October was able to publish the 
king's proclamation and desire the gentlemen to 
go home. 31 The Earl of Sussex was there in 1537 
on a similar work for the pacification of the north ; 
he thought there was ' not a scarcer country both for 
horse meat and man's meat in England.' As to his 
mission, he expected to leave the people as ' obedient, 
faithful, and dreadful subjects ' as any in England." 
Leland visited the place about that time, and writes 
thus : ' Half a mile beyond Darwen I passed over 
the great stone bridge of Ribble, having a v. great 



arches. From Ribble Bridge to Preston half a mile. 
Preston hath but one parish church. The market 
place of the town is fair. Ribble goeth round about 
a great piece of the ground about town, yet it 
toucheth net the town itself by space of almost half a 
mile. ... A mile without Preston I rode over 
Savock, a big brook, the which, rising in the hills 
a iii. or iv. miles off on the right hand, not very far 
off goeth into Ribble.' 33 

The town and district were hostile to the Reforma- 
tion. Even at present, in spite of former penal laws 
and the vast changes effected by modern industries 
with their new populations, Preston remains a 
stronghold of Roman Catholicism. Various inci- 
dents recorded in the accounts of the church and 
the separate townships give evidence of the state of 
affairs in the time of Elizabeth, and a few more may 
be added to illustrate a matter of such importance. 
Thus the Guild of 1582 was marked by a complaint 
from Lawrence Wall, one of the principal burgesses, 
that George Walton, the Guild mayor, was promoting 
the celebration for his own gain, while he himself 
opposed it as ' tending to mere superstition, as may 
appear by the view of the ancient records of the 
said town concerning the keeping of the old guild 
merchant there, 34 tending to this effect that the guild 
should begin with procession and a mass of the Holy 
Ghost now not tolerable and divers other super- 
stitious rites and ceremonies now abrogated.' Wall 
had urged the mayor but in vain to execute the 
statute against unlawful games and plays, such as the 
keeping of common bowling alleys, unlawful playing 
at cards and dice. The mayor and his wife had been 
ordered by the ecclesiastical commission to receive the 
holy communion but had not done so. 34 

Next year it was the Bishop of Chester who 
denounced it and two other places as having a people 
' most obstinate and contemptuous ' of the Eliza- 
bethan laws on religion ; he desired the government 
* to deal severely and roundly with them.' 36 

In the autumn of 1600 a priest named Robert 
Middleton, a Yorkshireman educated at the English 
College at Rome, was arrested near Preston by Sir 
Richard Hoghton, and after being examined by him 
and Thomas Hesketh 37 was delivered to the mayor 
of Preston, who sent him to Lancaster Castle. On 



35 Details of the celebrations down to 
1882 may be seen in the work already 
cited, Abram's Memorials, It contains, 
for example, the minute account of the 
Guild of 1682 given by Dr. Kuerden. 
The Guild sermons on this occasion, 
preached by Richard Wroe and Thomas 
Gipps, were afterwards printed. 

36 Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), ii, 130, &c. 

3 ~ Assize R. 450, m. 8. There was 
probably no other public building in the 
town large enough for a court-house. 

38 Final Cone, iii, 140 ; this was in 
1466. Lancaster retained a monopoly of 
the assizes and quarter sessions until a 
century ago, but in the lyth century, if 
no earlier, the Chancery Court of the 
duchy was held at Preston, which became 
a lawyers' town. 

39 Dtp. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 346. 

80 Preston Guild R. xxi. 

81 L. and P. Hen. Vlll, xi, 922, 947, 
1212 (3). 

82 Ibid, xii, 695. 

88 Itin. v, 97. Camden's notice of 



Preston some fifty years later is but 
brief: 'A great and (for those countries) 
a fair town, and well inhabited ' ; Britannia 
(ed. 1695), 752. Taylor, the Water Poet, 
Drayton, in Polyolbion, and ' Drunken 
Barnaby ' have verses about it in the first 
part of the I7th century. 

84 The ' articles and points ' agreed upon 
in 1 500 and 1 542 show that the guild was 
proclaimed on three preceding market 
days, and all burgesses were expected to 
attend on the first day, going in proces- 
sion from the Maudlands through the 
town and hearing mass of the Holy Ghost 
in company with the mayor and alder- 
men. Afterwards the enrolling began, 
when new burgesses could be admitted to 
the franchise ; Abram, Memorials, 

85 Duchy of Lane. Plead. Eliz. cxxvii, 
W ii. From these it appears further 
that the mayor, either before or after 
Wall's interference, empanelled a jury 
who sanctioned a right of way over 
certain of the complainant's land in the 
Newfield. 

About the same time Wall alleged that 

74 



William Hodgkinson, lately bailiff, had, 
4 of a covetous humour," unjustly levied 
certain dues ; ibid. W 10. 

86 Foley, Rec. S. /., v, 392, quoting 
S. P. Dom. Eliz. clxiii, 84. 

37 Ibid, viii, 1367, quoting S. P. Dom. 
Eliz. cclxxv, 83. 'The priest . . . 
had no letters nor any other thing of 
importance found upon him saving only a 
popish service book.' In reply to his 
examiners, ' being demanded whether he 
have said mass, christened children, 
married any person, or reconciled any to 
the Church of Rome he said he had done 
so and all other things concerning a priest, 
and saith that such as he hath reconciled 
he doth instruct them to be Catholic. 
Being required to declare whether he 
used in his reconciling or otherwise any 
persuasion that if the pope should invade 
the realm of England for alteration of 
religion with force, whether those that 
are reconciled to the Catholic Roman 
Church should take part with the queen's 
majesty against the forces of the pope 
coming for such a cause, to that he saith 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



the way, near Myerscough, ' they were overtaken by 
four horsemen and a man on foot, who demanded 
whether the prisoner was a priest and attempted to 
rescue him. A desperate affray ensued, in which the 
assailants were worsted and Greenlow, one of the 
horsemen, was taken prisoner. The party then 
returned to Preston, and Greenlow was examined.' 
It turned out that he was a seminary priest, a York- 
shireman named Thurstan Hunt. In the end both 
the priests were condemned as traitors for their 
priesthood only, and were executed at Lancaster in 
the March following. 38 

At the Bishop of Chester's visitation in 1605 
sixty-eight recusants were presented in Preston town, 
and nineteen others in the parish, some being de- 
scribed as arch-recusants. Argument was dealt with 
after the manner of the time : ' William Urmston, 
gentleman, a great seducing Papist, seduceth the 
people very much, and sometimes a crafty subtle 
lawyer. The churchwardens desire some course may 
be taken with him that they be not troubled with 
his subtle arguments.' One William Ridley was 
' supposed to have many masses said in his house 
since the death of the queen, whereunto many 
have resorted.' 39 

Somewhat later, in 1629 and subsequent years, 
the following recusants compounded by annual fines 
for the sequestration of two-thirds of their estates : 
In Preston Henry Ashton, 3 6s. 8</. ; Alexander 
Rigby, 2 ; James Walton, 6 ; Grace Wilkinson, 
$. In Broughton Hugh Crook, William Single- 
ton and George Wilkinson, 2 each. In Ribbleton 
John Farington, 6 l$s. \d. In Grimsargh 
William Hoghton, 10. The following compounded 
for arrears only, having been induced to conform : 
Henry Sudell of Preston and Henry Grayson of 
Fulwood. 40 Richard Hurst, a yeoman of the district, 
probably of Broughton, was to be arrested for 
recusancy by order of the Bishop of Chester. 
The violence of the officers provoked a fight, 
and one of them afterwards died. Hurst was 
charged with murder, and it is stated that the judge 
at the trial, Sir Henry Yelverton, ' informed the 
jury that the prisoner was a recusant and had resisted 
the bishop's authority ; and told them that he must 
be found guilty of murder, as an example.' The 
jury returned this verdict, but Hurst on his way to 
execution was offered his life if he would take the 



oath of allegiance. As it contained anti-Catholic 
clauses he refused, and was accordingly executed 
29 August i628. 41 

James I was entertained by the mayor and cor- 
poration during his progress from the north to London 
in 1617. Arriving at the cross on 15 August he was 
received by the mayor and corporation and presented 
with a bowl ; after the recorder's speech the king 
went to a banquet in the Guildhall. 42 A great 
pestilence is recorded in 16301. The guild order 
book of the time states that 1,100 persons and 
upwards died within the town and parish of Preston 
from the plague, which began about 10 November 
1630 and lasted a whole year. 43 

On the outbreak of the Civil War the people of 
the district in general espoused the king's side. 44 
One of the powder magazines for the county had 
been established at Preston in i639. 45 Before the 
actual outbreak of war Lord Strange in June 1642 
summoned a muster of the armed force of the county 
on the moor to the north of the town, 46 and Preston 
itself was garrisoned by Royalists soon afterwards. 47 
Early in the following year Sir John Seaton led the 
Parliament's troops to attack it. They found it to 
be defended by a brick wall, but made the assault 
with great courage on 9 February 1642-3, and after 
two hours' fighting captured the town. The mayor, 
Adam Mort, died of his wounds ; he had threatened 
to burn the place, beginning with his own dwelling, 
rather than suffer it to fall into the power of the 
Parliament. 48 Mr. Anderton of Clayton, the com- 
mandant of the garrison, was taken prisoner with 
several other local men of importance, and some 
were killed. Various guns and war stores were 
captured ' and divers were pillaged to a purpose.' 49 
Rosworm, the famous engineer, afterwards re-fortified 
the position. 

Five weeks later, 20 March, Lord Derby having 
learnt that the place was weak because troops had 
been drawn away to resist him at Lancaster, hurried 
to Preston and recaptured it for the king. The 
mayor, Edmund Werden, was in charge of the town, 
and refused to surrender it ; but assaults were made 
at three points by Captains Chisnall, Radcliffe and 
Rawstorne, and after an hour's struggle the place was 
taken. There was no general plunder, but Lord 
Derby ' gave command that the houses of those who 
had betrayed the town before should be responsible 



he doth not answer, for he doubteth of it. 
And being demanded whether he taketh 
the queen's majesty to be lawful Queen 
of England, he saith "In temporal 
matters," and that he hath done and will 
pray that God would make her majesty a 
Catholic. And being likewise demanded 
whether her majesty ought to be Queen 
of England, the pope's excommunication 
notwithstanding, to that he saith he will 
not answer, nor any more questions.' 

88 Gillow, Bibl. Diet, of Engl. Cath. iii, 
481 ; v, 13 ; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1598-1601, 
p. 485 ; Foley, op. cit. viii, 962. Mid- 
dleton was admitted to the Society of 
Jesus just before his execution. 

The cause of the beatification of both 
priests, also of Richard Hurst, hereafter 
mentioned, and George Haydock of Cot- 
tarn, was allowed to be introduced at Rome 
in 1886 ; Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 379-82. 

89 Presentments, Chester Dioc. Reg. 

40 Trans, Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 
175, &c. To the first class of corn- 



pounders should be added Thomas 
Richardson of Myerscough, 14 101. 

41 Gillow, op. cit. iii, 487-9, from a 
contemporary account, reprinted 1737. 

4 * Assheton's Journ. (Chet. Soc.), 36-7. 

48 Abram, Memorials of the Guilds, 42 ; 
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 45 ; 
Civil War in Ches. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), 6. 

44 The Protestation of 1641, which 
affords a list of the inhabitants of the parish, 
is remarkable as showing that a large 
number refused to assent. The names 
are printed in Fish wick, op. cit. 42531. 

45 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1638-9, p. 387. 
The small stock there in 1642 was seized 
by the Royalists ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. 
v, App. 31, 32. 

46 Lord Strange, Lord Molyneux and 
many of the gentry were present, the 
whole assemblage being estimated to 
number 5,000. A large number of them 
were in favour of the Parliament ; ibid. ; 
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 14, 23. 

75 



47 Civil War Tracts (Chet Soc.), 
66. 

48 War in Lanes. (Chet. Soc.), 23. The 
troops had crossed by Ribble Bridge, and 
the main body attacked from the east 
side ; but a small force went round to the 
house of correction and entered by Friar- 
gate Bars. This writer states that the 
town was captured on the morning of 
8 Feb., but the more detailed account in 
Civil War Tracts (p. 74) says it was the 
following day. 

John Tyldesley of Deane also has given 
a description of the event ; he adds : ' So 
soon as matters were settled we sang 
praises to God in the streets,' and 'the 
sun brake forth and shined brightly and 
hot, in the time of the exercise, as if it 
had been midsummer' ; ibid. 73. 

For the importance of the capture see 
Broxap, Civil War in Lanes. 635. 

49 Civil War Tracts, 75. For evidence 
of plundering by the Parliament's soldiers 
see Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 2849. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



to his majesty for their masters' treason, whose goods 
his lordship ordered to be seized and equally divided 
among the soldiers.' 80 

Prince Rupert was in the town on 23 June 
i644, 51 and returned to it about a fortnight later, 
having been defeated at Marston Moor. He then 
retreated south to Chester, and from that time the 
Parliament had command of Preston. 52 The meet- 
ings of the Sequestration Committee were usually 
held there, and there was a Presbyterian classis with 
meetings of the Provincial assembly. 83 The post 
stages arranged at that time show that starting from 
London on Saturday morning a dispatch should 
reach Manchester on Wednesday night and Preston 
the next day at noon. 84 

After a few years' rest the town had renewed 
experience of war, for in August 1648 the army of 
Scotch Covenanters under the Duke of Hamilton in 
their march southward were joined near Preston by 
English Cavaliers under Sir Marmaduke Langdale. 
Religious differences prevented the two bodies acting 
in harmony, and when Cromwell, hastening unex- 
pectedly from Yorkshire, attacked them on 1 7 August 
they were overcome. The field of battle was to the 
east of the town, from Ribbleton Moor to the river. 
The duke's forces were partly to the north of the 
Ribble and partly to the south. Langdale's horse 
covered their left flank and thus met the first onset 
of Cromwell's army. It was imagined that this was 
no more than Colonel Assheton and the Lancashire 
bands, and so the duke seems to have continued 
sending his infantry over the river southwards. The 
weakened force, after a hot fight of some four hours, 
was driven into Preston itself, where fighting was 
witnessed, and then scattered to north and to south ; 
many were slain, numerous prisoners were taken, and 
the ammunition also. 55 The duke was hotly pursued 
the next day and finally routed near Winwick. Just 
three years later, on 14 August 1651, Prince Charles, 
' the King of Scots,' passed through Preston on his 
way south, riding through the streets on horseback so 
that he might be seen by the people. Lord Derby, 
having there assembled what force he could from 
the district, followed him to the overthrow at 
Worcester. 66 

The people seem to have welcomed the Restoration, 
and the public proclamation of Charles II, on 
1 1 May 1 660, was made with the usual signs of 



popular approval. 57 William Cole, the vicar, preached 
a sermon on 24 May, the public thanksgiving day, 
and it was printed with a dedication to Sir George 
Booth, the leading Presbyterian Royalist. 58 By a 
singular decision of the House of Commons in 1 66 1 
* all the inhabitants ' of the borough were declared 
entitled to vote for the members of Parliament ; and 
though it does not seem to have been acted upon till 
1768 this democratic suffrage was the law till 
i832. 69 The hearth tax return of i663 60 shows 
that there were 727 hearths taxable in the town ; 
Alexander Rigby had the largest dwelling, with 
fifteen hearths. 61 Ribbleton had twenty hearths 
taxed ; the hall seems to have had six, but was 
divided into three tenements. Fishwick had twenty- 
five, four being the largest number to one house. 
Grimsargh with Brockholes had thirty-six, the 
principal houses being those of the two squires, each 
with five hearths. Elston had twenty-eight ; three 
of the houses had four hearths taxed. Barton had 
1 02, all in small houses except the hall, which had 
twenty-two hearths, being the largest house in the 
parish. Broughton had eighty-two, of which twelve 
belonged to the Tower. Lea, Ashton and Cottam 
had forty-nine, thirty-two and twenty-seven re- 
spectively ; all the houses were small, except Lea 
Hall, with thirteen hearths. 62 Fulwood had fifty- 
one ; the largest house had seven hearths. A 
number of tradesmen's tokens were issued about 
i666. 63 

From several descriptions of the town about the 
end of the I7th century it seems to have been 
prosperous. Kuerden has left two descriptions of its 
state in 1680-90. Crossing the Ribble by the 
bridge at Walton he entered the town at the Bars. 
The Pattens' mansion stood on the right, ' a 
sumptuous house.' Proceeding along Church Street 
he passed the church and school on the left and 
1 many stately houses ' on the right, on which side 
also stood the town hall and shambles. Opposite 
these last a footpath led down to the Penwortham 
ferry boat. Going past the cross, leaving Fishergate 
on the left, with its ' many good houses . . . 
lately erected,' he went through Cheapside and along 
Friargate, where were yet more ' good houses.' 
Passing through the Bars he came to the Moorgate 
and the common, noticing Alderman Wall's ' fair 
house' on the left. He then followed the causey 



* Civil War Tracts, 85-6 ; Stanley P. 
(Chet. Soc.), iii, p. Ixxxiv. 

51 Col. S. P. Dom. 1644, p. 265. He 
it said to have seized the mayor, William 
Cottam, and the bailiffs and imprisoned 
them at Skipton. They were afterwards 
compensated by the corporation. 

64 Ibid. 440, 447. 

48 Heywood, Diaries, i, 78. 

54 The stages were : London to St. 
Albans, Newport Pagnell, Northampton, 
Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Manches- 
ter, Preston; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1644-5, 
p. 170. 

5i Civil War Tracts, 257-68 ; Carlyle, 
Cromwell's Letters, Ixiii-iv. The victor 
wrote that same evening : 'We advanced 
with the whole army, and the enemy 
being drawn out on a moor betwixt us 
and the town the armies on both sides 
engaged ; and after a very sharp dispute, 
continuing for three or four hours, it 
pleased God to enable us to give them a 
defeat. ... By this means the enemy is 



broken.' He wrote more fully three days 
later, describing how the Royalists were 
forced back into Preston, 'into which 
four troops of my own regiment first 
entered ; and being well seconded by 
Colonel Harrison's regiment, charged the 
enemy in the town and cleared the streets.' 
The Duke of Hamilton and his staff 
swam the Ribble and so regained the 
main body of their foot. 

56 Civil War Tracts, 288, 301 ; War 
in Lanes. (Chet. Soc.), 70, 73-4. 

57 Preston Guardian Sketches, no. 344. 
The Royalist party was weak in the cor- 
poration, which was 'purged' in 1661 by 
the expulsion of Edmund Werden and 
seven others for disloyalty ; while 
William Banastre (formerly expelled) 
was restored; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1670, 
p. 663. Even then there were complaints 
that the loyal party was too weak ; ibid. 
1 66 1-2, p. 93, &c. 

68 Preston Guardian, 1 1 Mar. 1876. 
There is a copy in the Bodleian Library. 

76 



The town seems to have maintained 
the same loyal disposition, for when 
James II visited Chester in 1687 the cor- 
poration of Preston sent a deputation 
with an address ; Cartwrighfs Diary 
(Camd. Soc.), 74. 

59 Hard wick, Preston, 329, &c. In 
practice 'the right was confined to all the 
male inhabitants above twenty-one years 
of age who had resided six months in the 
town and were untainted with pauperism 
or crime.' Religious test* excluded 
Roman Catholics. 

60 Fishwick, op. cit. 432-6. 

61 The next houses in size were those 
of Jane Langton with twelve hearths, 
William Hodskinson and Joan Banastre 
eleven each, William Walmesley and 
William Banastre ten each. There were 
three of nine, three of eight, four of seven, 
thirteen of six and the rest smaller. 

62 Edmund Wearden at Ashton had 
six hearths ; Cottam Hall had only four. 

68 Lanes, and CAes. Antiq. Soc. v, 879. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



over the moor to Fulwood and Cadley Moor ; so he 
came to Broughton Tower and church and after- 
wards to St. Lawrence's Chapel and Barton Hall, and 
passed on to Goosnargh. 64 Celia Fiennes was pleased 
with it : ' Preston (she says) stands on a hill and is a 
very good market town. Saturday is their mariker, 
which day I was there and saw it was provided with 
all sorts of things : leather, corn, coals, butter, 
cheese, and fruit and garden things. There is a very 
spacious market place and pretty church and several 
good houses. . . . The generality of the build- 
ings, especially in two or three of the great streets, 
were very handsome, better than in most country 
towns, and the streets spacious and well pitched.' ** 
In 1709 it was thought 'a very pretty town with 
abundance of gentry in it ; commonly called Proud 
Preston.' M As a port it had declined. 67 

The religious conditions it is difficult to determine. 
The corporation was Tory and the vicars of the 
parish Whig. There were numerous Dissenters, but 
the relative importance of the Roman Catholics had 
no doubt declined during the century, and was still 
further weakened by the disasters of 1715. M 

The invasion of the Scottish Jacobites in that year 
penetrated as far south as Preston, and drew many 
adherents from the neighbourhood, but 'all Papists.' 69 
The army was placed under the command of a 
lawyer, Thomas Forster of Etherston, member of 
Parliament for Northumberland, and it arrived at 
Preston on 9-10 November some 1,700 strong/ 
James III was proclaimed king in the market place. 



On Saturday the izth orders were given that the 
whole force was to advance to Manchester, but news 
being brought, greatly to their surprise, that General 
Wills was advancing from Wigan to attack them, they 
resolved to await him. Forster appears to have been 
badly advised ; he refused to defend Ribble Bridge 
and the fords, so that the royal troops crossed the 
river without opposition and at once made a vigorous 
attack on the town. 71 Some trenches and barricades 
had been formed, and the defenders repelled all the 
attacks with success, the king's troops suffering 
severely. Darkness put a stop to the fighting on 
Saturday, but next day Wills received a considerable 
accession of strength from General Carpenter, who 
came up from the east, and was thus able to surround 
the town. The Jacobites found that they must 
either cut their way through the king's forces or 
surrender, having but slight provision for a sustained 
defence. The following day accordingly they laid 
down their arms in the market place, 72 and the king's 
troops took possession of the town ; it is said that 
they plundered many of the houses. The prisoners 
were confined in the church for a month, and fed 
upon bread and water at the cost of the towns- 
people. 73 Some were executed ; in December four 
officers were shot 74 ; the next month some local 
volunteers were hanged at Gallows Hill, close to 
the present Moor Park : Richard Shuttleworth of 
Preston, Roger Muncaster of Garstang, Thomas 
Cowpe of Walton-le-Dale, William Butler and 
William Arkwright ; and in the following February 






64 Local Glean. Lanes, and Ches. i, 217. 
A more elaborate description by the same 
observer is quoted in Hardwick, Preston, 
giving the names of many of the streets 
and passages, the ferry and fords, and 
particulars of various buildings, including 
the 'ample, ancient and yet well beau- 
tified town or guild hall or toll booth,' in 
which was the council chamber. 

The description in Ogilby's Britannia 
(1690) calls Preston 'a large and well 
frequented town, governed by a mayor, 
eight aldermen, four under-aldermen and 
twelve common councilmen. . . . Here 
are kept the chancery courts, &c., for the 
county palatine of Lancaster.' 

65 Through England on a Side Saddle, 
155. She, too, was specially struck with 
the Patten mansion : 'All stone work, 
five windows in the front and high built 
according to the eastern building near 
London. The ascent to the house was 
fourteen or fifteen stone steps, large, and 
a handsome court with open iron palisades 
in the gate and on each side the whole 
breadth of the house, which discovered 
the gardens on each side of the house.' 
Patten House was pulled down in 1835 ; 
the gateway was re-erected at Howick 
House ; Hardwick, op. cit. 430-1. The 
site is marked by Lord's Walk and Derby 
Street. 

There are said to have been four alms- 
houses, viz. in Fishergate near the top of 
Mount Street, at the north ends of Friar- 
gate and St. John Street, and at the east 
end of the town ; Hewitson, Preston Ct. 
Leet Rec. 54. 

66 Edmund Calamy't Autobiography, 
quoted by Fishwick, op. cit. 62. See 
N.andQ.(zeT.j], vii, 428 ; viii, 55, 214. 

67 In a fishery dispute in 1691-2 a 
witness deposed that he had known vessels 
and boats, some of 40 tons burthen, sail 
op the Ribble as far as Preston Marsh, 



and sometimes even as far as Holme. 
Some of these vessels went to Bristol 
laden with lead ; other* took millstones 
to Ireland, and did ' often lie or ride ' at 
a place called Old Millstones in Ahton ; 
Fishwick, op. cit. 87. 

68 In 1687, during a moment of liberty, 
Bishop Leyburne confirmed 1,153 at 
Preston and Tulketh and 1,099 at Ferny- 
halgh ; Gillow, Bill. Diet, of Engl. Cath. 
ii, 145. 

The vicar of Preston wrote thus to the 
Bishop of Chester in 1715 : 'I beg leave 
to acquaint your lordship that there are 
three townships and part of another in 
this parish, which lie three, four and five 
miles from the church, and have no other 
convenient place of public worship ; that 
by this unhappy situation they have still 
been exposed to temptations and popery, 
which is too prevalent in these parts of 
your lordship's diocese, and are thereby 
an easier prey to the priests of that com- 
munion, we having no less than six of 
these men in the one parish. From my 
first coming to this place I have wished 
for some hopeful remedy against this 
growing evil ' ; Notitia Cestr. (Chet. 
Soc.), ii, 470. This vicar secured three 
new churches Grimsargh, Barton and 
Preston St. George's. This last is a 
significant dedication. 

In 1717 there were reported to the 
Bishop of Chester to be only 643 ' Papists ' 
in the parish, no doubt very much below 
the true number. Fifty years later the 
numbers returned to him were: In Preston, 
1,043, with a resident priest ; in Broughton 
chapelry, 313, with two priests ; in Grims- 
argh, 117 ; in Barton, 131 ; "Trans. Hist. 
Soc. (new ser.), xviii, 218. 

In 1754-5 a religious census was taken, 
and the Preston return gives the families 
thus : In the town of Preston Protestants 
762, Papists 145, Dissenters 21 ; in Lea, 

77 



Ashton, &c. Protestants 47, Papists 30 ; 
Ribbleton, Grimsargh, Elston and Fish- 
wick 58, 57 ; Broughton 41, 47 ; 
Barton 52, 19 ; Haighton 7, 18. No 
Dissenters are recorded outside the town ; 
Visitation Returns. 

69 Robert Patten, chaplain to Mr. 
Forster, was an eye-witness of the whole 
affair ; he turned king's evidence and 
wrote a history of the rebellion, which 
passed through several editions. It appears 
to be the principal source of other accounts, 
e.g. that in Hardwick's Preston, 219-33. 
There are many allusions in the Stuart P. 
(Hist. MSS. Com.), ii, iii. 

70 Two troops of dragoons quartered in 
the town retired before them. 

71 Two plans of the operations give the 
earliest maps of the town. One of them, 
'drawn on the spot by P. M., esq.,' is 
given in Hewitson, Preston, 23 ; the other 
in Fishwick's work, 64. They show the 
positions of the barricades across the chief 
streets and the disposition of the king's 
forces. Several houses in the outskirts 
are represented as in names. 

78 Patten gives the losses thus : On the 
king's side killed, five officers and over 
200 privates ; wounded, sixteen officers, 
privates not recorded. On the Jacobite 
side killed seventeen, wounded twenty- 
five ; prisoners, seven lords and 1,490 
gentlemen, officers and privates, and two 
clergymen. There is a note of the 
prisoners in Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xi, 
App. iv, 170. 

73 On the behaviour of the vicar of 
Preston, the inhabitants and the neigh- 
bouring gentry, see reports in Payne, 
Engl. Cath. Rec. 85-8, 97-9. A list of 
residents in the district who were attainted 
is printed in Fishwick, op. cit. 66. 

74 Major Nairne, Captains Lockhart, 
Shaftoe and Erskine. See Hardwick, 
op. cit. 235-6. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Richard Chorley of Chorley and six others 75 were 
executed in the same way. 

Defoe in 1727 found Preston a fine and gay town, 
but inferior in population to Liverpool and Man- 
chester. It was ' full of attorneys, proctors and 
notaries ' employed in the special palatine courts. 
There was ' a great deal of good company,' but not 
so much ' as was before the late bloody action with 
the Northern rebels ; not that the battle hurt many 
of the immediate inhabitants, but the consequences 
of it so severely affected many families thereabout that 
they still retain the remembrance of it.' 76 The 
earliest 'prospect' of the town is dated 1728 ; it was 
drawn from the south side by S. and N. Buck. 77 A 
printing press was at work as early as I74O. 78 A 
verbal description of Preston in 1745 reads thus: 
' This town is situated on a clean, delightful eminence, 
having handsome streets and variety of company, 
which the agreeableness of the place induces to board 
here, it being one of the prettiest retirements in 
England, and may for its beauty and largeness compare 
with most cities, and for the politeness of the 
inhabitants none can excel. . . . Here is a hand- 
some church and a town hall where the corporation 
meet for business and the gentlemen and ladies for 
balls and assemblies. Here is likewise a spacious 
market place in the midst of which stands a fine 
obelisk ; the streets are neatly paved, and the houses 
well built of brick and slates. This town being a 
great thoroughfare there are many good inns for the 
reception of travellers. . . . This town has a pretty 
good trade for linen yarn, cloth, cotton, &c.' 79 

It was in the winter of 1745 that the Prince 
Charles Edward led his army south through Preston 
in his attempt to win the crown of England. He 
arrived there on 27 November 80 ; the bells were 
rung, and a few joined them, including Francis 



Towneley, nephew of the squire of Towneley. The 
army left next day for Manchester. On its hasty 
retreat north the force regained Preston on I 2 Decem- 
ber and left for Lancaster the next morning, being 
closely followed by Oglethorpe's dragoons and the 
Duke of Cumberland himself. 

Pococke in 1750 thought the town subsisted 
* chiefly by its being a great thoroughfare and by 
many families of middling fortune living in it ' ; 
hence, he says, ' it is remarkable for old maids, be- 
cause these families will not ally with tradesmen and 
have not sufficient fortunes for gentlemen.' 81 

From that time the history of the parish has been 
peaceful, with the exception of election battles 
notably that of I768 82 and industrial disturbances. 
These latter conflicts appear to have been less 
dangerous here than in other parts of the county, 
but there was a threatening demonstration against 
power-looms in i8z6. 83 In 1797-8 the Royal 
Preston Volunteers were raised for the defence of 
the county, and a rifle corps also was formed. 84 The 
modern volunteer movement received due support in 
the district, two corps being formed in l859, 85 and 
Preston is now, under the Territorial system, the head 
quarters of a squadron of the Duke of Lancaster's 
Own Yeomanry, a battery of the 2nd West Lanca- 
shire Brigade Royal Field Artillery, and three com- 
panies of the 4th Battalion Loyal North Lancashire 
Regiment. 

Communications were improved by the turnpiking 
of the north road in 1751 86 and the erection of 
Penwortham Bridge in 1755- 87 The old Ribble 
Bridge was rebuilt in I78i, 88 and in the following 
year a new town-hall was erected. 89 Stage coaches 
began running to Wigan and Warrington about 1771, 
and to Liverpool in I774. 90 The cotton manufac- 
ture was introduced in I777, 91 and from that time 



75 James Drummond, William Black, 
Donald Macdonald, John Howard, Berry 
Kennedy and John Rowbottom. 

76 Tour Through Great Britain (ed. 
1738), Hi, 183. 

77 A large reproduction of it forms the 
frontispiece to Fishwick's Preston. In the 
tame work (p. 417) is an old view of the 
market place, showing a large timbered 
house on the south side, with a smaller 
one adjoining it to the east. An obelisk 
or market cross stood in the square. 

The large house had the initials i 1 ^ 
and date 1629 carved over a doorway ; 
the builder was John Jenkinson, who by 
his will directed its completion, leaving 
it to his widow Anne and his daughters 
Grace and Elizabeth. Adam Mort, the 
mayor, killed in 1643, once occupied it. 
It was sold to the corporation in 1822. 
The smaller house had the inscription 
I. A. 1618, for James Archer. They 
were demolished in 1855, when a pamphlet 
was printed giving a full history of them ; 
Hardwick, op. cit. 432. 

78 Local Glean. Lanes. and Chcs. i, 37, 43 ; 
Hewitson, op. cit. 341. William Cadman, 
a local bookseller, is mentioned some 
eighty years earlier 5 Pal. Note Bk. i, 1 3. 

79 Ray, Hitt. of the Rebellion. 

80 Hardwick, op. cit. 241-52. It was 
noticed that on his arrival at Preston 
Prince Charles, ' who had hitherto 
marched on foot, mounted on horseback 
and surveyed the passes and bridges of the 
town, taking with him such at had been 
there in the year 1715.' 



81 Travels through England (Camd. 
Soc.), i, 12. 

88 This was the election in which the 
democratic franchise of 1661 first became 
effective. In 1741 the foreign burgesses 
were considered to be disqualified as 
electors, though resident ; Abram, Me- 
morials of the Guilds, 83. In 1768 the 
Earl of Derby, in the Whig interest as 
opposed to the corporation, called atten- 
tion to the franchise, and raised a popular 
disturbance, Roman Catholic chapels 
being wrecked and other damage done. 

The Stanley family for a long time 
exercised a preponderating influence in 
the elections, but the power of the manu- 
facturers began to manifest itself before 
1800. The last election before the 
Reform Act was a most exciting one, for 
on the Hon. E. G. Stanley seeking re- 
election on being placed in the ministry 
in 1830 he was defeated by Henry Hunt 
the Radical by 3,730 to 3,392 votes. 
Hunt was defeated in 1832. 

For some of the more important con- 
tests see Hardwick, op. cit. 330-43. 
Long accounts, in which the old poll 
books were reprinted and annotated, ap- 
peared in the Preston Guardian in 1878 
and later. 

88 Hardwick, op. cit. 375. There were 
notable riots and strikes in 1831, 1836 
(a three months' strike), 1842 (riots, five 
men mortally wounded), 1853 (eight 
months' lock-out), and 1878 ; ibid. 415- 
22 ; Hewitson, Preston, 180-4. 

84 Hardwick, op. cit. 256. Thee 

78 



volunteers joined the militia in 1808 ; 
ibid. 387. Details of their regulations 
and uniforms will be found in Fishwick, 
op. cit. 418-19. 

85 Hewitson, op. cit. 374-7. 

88 Stat. 24 Geo. II, cap. 20. Garstang 
Road was formed in 1817, replacing an 
old crooked lane. The highway known as 
Blackburn New Road was made in 1824 ; 
a wooden bridge over the Ribble was built 
for it at Lower Brockholes, replaced by a 
stone one in 1861. 

87 Hardwick, op. cit. 459. An Act of 
Parliament was obtained in 1750. This 
was the road from Preston to Liverpool, 
the river having been crossed by a ford. 
The first bridge fell down in 1756, and 
a new one was built after a fresh Act had 
been obtained. 

88 Ibid. 458. 

89 A view is given in Fishwick, Preston, 
71. The older building fell down in 
1780 ; Hewitson, op. cit. 357. 

90 Ibid. 198. In Sept. 1823 seventy- 
two coaches ran in and out of Preston 
every Wednesday ; Hardwick, op. cit. 
389. A list of those running in 1825 is 
given in Baines" Lanes. Dir. ii, 519-20. 
The coaches ceased in 1842. 

91 In that year a cotton-mill was built 
in Moor Lane by Collinson and Watson. 
The practical founder of the industry, 
however, was John Horrocks. He was 
born at Edgeworth in 1768 of Quaker 
parents, and he built a mill in 1791 at 
the east end of Church Street (see Fish- 
wick, op. cit. 72) ; this was followed by 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



the place has grown in importance and population. 
A plan made in I774 92 shows that the streets had 
remained almost unchanged for a century. 93 The 
houses extended eastward nearly as far as the present 
Deepdale Road and west along Fishergate to the site 
of the railway station. Northward the houses did 
not go beyond Lord Street, except that they extended 
a little further along Tithebarn Street and to the 
end of Friargate and Back Lane. There were also a 
few blocks of dwellings to the south of Church Street. 
The plan of i8z4 94 shows a great increase in all 
directions, more especially on the south side, and 
also to the north-west of Fishergate as far as the 
Lancaster Canal, which had been constructed in 
1798. 95 The first railways were opened in 1838 
and i840. 96 

Of the old townships Preston, Fishwick and 
Ashton have become urban in character and Fulwood 
is a residential suburb ; the others still remain for 
the most part agricultural. The following figures 
show the way in which the agricultural land of the 
parish is at present utilized. In the whole there are 
but 446 acres of arable land, the great bulk, viz. 
12,103 ac r es , being in permanent grass. There are 



PRESTON 

363 acres of woods and plantations. The details are 
thus given 96a : 



Ribbleton . 
Grimsargh \ 
Brockholes [ 
Elston j 
Fishwick 
Broughton . 
Haighton . 
Barton ) 
Newsham ) 
Lea 
Ashton 
Ingol 
Cottam 
To the above may 
Fulwood . 
Myerscough 


Arable 
ac. 

2 3 
H7l 

57 
5 

. >* 

. 211 

be added : 

35 
. 509 


Grass 
ac. 

555 
2,367$ 
529 

2,202^ 
942 

2 ,753 
2,754 

1,833 
i977i 


Woods 
ac. 

2 5 I 

IO 

BJ 

*ft 

65 

24 

5 
3i 



In consequence of changes in the boundaries in 
1894, when the township of Preston was extended 
to coincide with the municipal borough, Fishwick 



another at Spital Moss in 1796 and a 
third near Lark Hill in 1797. His 
business rapidly increased and in 1802 he 
was elected a member of Parliament for 
the borough. He died in London in 
1804, and was buried at Penwortham. 

Other mills quickly followed those of 
Horrocks. See Hardwick, op. cit. 366, 
660. 

93 Hewitson, op. cit. 40. A larger 
plan founded on this and the tithe map 
is inserted in the same writer's Preston 
Ct. Lett Rec. The field-names given 
show Cuckstool Pit Meadow near the 
present infirmary, Causeway Meadow 
west of it, and Platford Dales still further 
west. Cockpit Field was opposite the 
north end of Friargate, near St. Peter's. 
Avenham gave name to a number of 
fields on the south of the town. Grim- 
shaw Street passes through the old Water 
Willows, to the south of which was 
Great Albin Hey. Winckley Square has 
replaced a Town End Field, but there 
were other fields of the name on the east 
side of the town. Hepgreave was to the 
north of the railway station in Fisher- 
gate. Woodholme seems to have been 
in the marsh, at the extreme south-west. 
The common fields were chiefly on the 
north and west sides of the town. 

Colley's Garden, to the north of Lord 
Street, was afterwards known as the 
Orchard. Open-air meetings were held 
there. 

98 The following references to the 
mediaeval streets and districts of the 
town may be useful : 

Cecily widow of Adam de Grimshaw 
and Henry son of Henry de Rishton and 
Margaret his wife in 1394-5 granted on 
lease to John de Knoll, tailor, and Maud 
his wife a burgage, together with lands in 
the Moor Field by the Friars' house, and 
a plat in St. John's Weind ; the lessees 
were to build a timber house ; Towneley 
MS. OO, no. 1054. 

In 1363 William son of John de 
Walton granted a burgage in Kirkgate to 
Grimbald the Tailor; ibid. no. 1103. 
Roger de Firewath had in 1 366 a toft in the 
road to the rectory of Preston ; Kuerden 
MSS. iii, P 7. This road may have 



been the Parsonweind occurring in the 
same set of deeds, which show that in 
1388-9 Ellen del Moor had a burgage 
in Preston and a barn in Parsonweind, 
and that in 1408 William Winter the 
younger had a barn in Parsonweind next 
the kiln ; ibid. James son of John 
Moor gave James Walton the elder and 
Ellen his wife (mother of the grantor) a 
burgage in the Kirkstile in 14412 ; 
ibid. A claim by Emma widow of 
Henry del Kirkstile shows that one 
Henry del Moor had land in Preston as 
early as 1311-12; De Banco R. 190, 
m. 195. Kirkstile is a frequently recur- 
ring surname ; e.g. Assize R. 405, m. 4. 

Lambert Stodagh in 1428-9 granted 
to John Moor of Preston a grange in 
Frereweind, &c., formerly the property 
of Sir Christopher Preston ; Kuerden 
MSS. ii, fol. 227. 

Alice widow of Ralph Kekilpenny 
granted to Robert son of Hugh le Sposage 
land on Avenham in the town fields of 
Preston next to land of St. Wilfrid ; OO, 
no. 1162. Henry son of William Simson 
in 1 349 released to Roger Watson a 
roodland in the field called Avenham 
between land of B. Wilfrid on either 
side ; ibid. no. 1157. 

The Grethill, where the town's wind- 
mill formerly stood, is named in a 
Hoghton deed of 1527; Kuerden MSS. 
iv, P ii. 

Adam son of Adam de Wich in 1335 
granted to Robert son of Walter de 
Preston and Maud his wife lands including 
ij acres on Avenham and ^ acre at 
Hepgreve ; OO, no. 1117. Adam son 
of Philip de Preston gave land on Ingle- 
ridding, next land of the church, to 
Roger son of Hugh le Sposage ; ibid, 
no. 1143. 

Thomas son and heir of John Lussell 
had in 1527 closes called Rawmoors in 
Preston; ibid. no. mi. John Lussell 
and Katherine his wife occur a century 
earlier (Final Cone, iii, 95), while Thomas 
Lussell, clerk, and Maud his wife, daughter 
of Thomas de Howick, had land in the 
vill and fields of Preston in 1371 ; OO, 
no. 1132. 

Lands in Woodholme are mentioned 

79 



frequently. Robert son of Roger son of 
Adam de Preston gave a burgage, &c., 
and land in Woodholme and Platfordale 
to Richard de Ribbleton and Helen his 
wife; Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 171. 
William son of Hugh de Preston gave 
land in Woodholme to John the Marshal 
in 1320-3 ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 226^. 
William de Wigan gave land in the same 
place to Roger de Preston in 1337 ; 
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 

W2II. 

Adam de Deepdale and Maud his wife 
sold land in 1354 ; Final Cone, ii, 145. 

94 This plan, in the atlas accompanying 
Raines' Directory of 1825, is reproduced 
by Fishwick, op. cit. 

95 In 1802 a tramroad was constructed 
connecting the terminus of this canal 
with that of the Leeds and Liverpool 
branch to ' Summit,' west of Brindle. 
The Ribble was crossed by a slight bridge. 
The tram wagons ceased running in 
1859; Hardwick, op. cit. 386, 480; 
Hewitson, Preston, 198. The bridge is 
now used for foot passengers. 

96 Hewitson, op. cit. 199-207. The 
railway from Preston to Wigan was 
opened 31 Oct. 1838 ; this gave access 
to Liverpool, Manchester and the south. 
Three railways were opened in 1840 
from Preston to Longridge (i May), to 
Lancaster (25 June), and to Fleetwood 
(15 July). The line from Bolton to 
Chorley was opened in 1841, but owing 
to difficulties in construction the con- 
tinuation to Euxton was not ready till 
1843, when Preston obtained another 
route to Manchester. 

In 1846 the Fleetwood line opened 
branches to Lytham and to Blackpool, 
and the Longridge line was continued by 
a tunnel to Maudlands. The new line 
to Blackburn was opened, also a short 
branch line to the quay by the Ribble. 
In 1849 the line to Ormskirk and 
Liverpool was opened, from which a 
branch to Southport was made in 1855. 
The West Lancashire Company's direct 
route to Southport was opened in Sept. 
1882. 

963 Statistics from Bd. of Agric. 
(1905). 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



ceased to be a township, and the areas of Ribbleton, 
Grimsargh and Brockholes, and Lea, Ashton, Ingol 
and Cottam were reduced. 

Something has been said of Preston as a port. Dr. 
Kuerden about 1682 found that a vessel of reason- 
able burden might be brought up the river to Preston 
by a knowing and well-skilled pilot. 97 The Kibble, 
however, could only be used by small vessels. A 
company was formed in 1806 to improve the naviga- 
tion, 98 and in 1838 was merged in the Kibble Navi- 
gation Company, in which Preston Corporation took 
shares. 99 The bed of the river was deepened at 
Preston, the channel seawards was dredged and sea 
walls were built. A dock was made at Lytham in 
1841, and in 1843, owing to the increase of trade, 
the corporation made a new quay near the border of 
Ashton. In 1853 additional powers were obtained 
for the reclamation of tide-washed land. 

Though there was a considerable coasting trade, 100 
the navigation of the river continued unsatisfactory. 
The corporation purchased the company's under- 
taking in i883, 101 and began a comprehensive system 
of improvement, the river course having since been 
straightened below the town, and a large dock formed 
in Ashton was opened in 1892. A small change in 
the township boundaries followed the alteration of the 
stream. The channel is kept open by dredging 
and by a system of retaining walls to prevent silting. 
The customs port extends from Preston to Hundred 
End on the south side of the Kibble and as far as the 
mouth on the north, and thence up to Blackpool. 102 

The parish has not produced many men of distinc- 
tion. In view of its present industrial position the 
first place may be given to Sir Richard Arkwright, 
the inventor, who was born in the town of Preston in 
1732. After following the trade of barber and wig- 
maker for thirty years or more, living part of the 
time at Bolton, he turned his attention to cotton- 
spinning machinery. He and his assistant are said to 
have set up a trial machine in a large house at Stony- 
gate, Preston, but his first mill (1771) was built at 
Nottingham and his second near Wirksworth in 
Derbyshire. He purchased the manor of Crom- 
ford, was made a knight in 1786 and acted as High 
Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1786-7. He died in 
I792. 103 

The most distinguished of the natives of the place 
in the world of letters was the late Francis Thompson, 
a lyrical poet of great genius and splendour of diction. 
He was the son of a doctor, and born in 1859. He 
was educated for the priesthood at Ushaw, but re- 
nounced that calling, desiring to devote himself to 



literature. He fell into destitution, but his talents 
were recognized and the later years of his life were 
fruitful. He died in November 1907 ; in 1910 a 
memorial tablet was placed on the house where he 
was born. 

Lawrence Claxton or Clarkson, born at Preston in 
1615, became a prominent sectary of the Common- 
wealth times Presbyterian, Baptist, ' Seeker,' and 
Muggletonian in turn. He published various tracts 
and died in i667. 104 

Edward Baynard, M.D., is thought to have been 
born at Preston in 1641. In 1719 he published a 
poem entitled Health. His daughter Anne was noted 
for her learning and piety. 106 

Josiah Chorley, son of Henry Chorley of Preston, 
became the Presbyterian minister at Norwich, 1691, 
till his death, about 1719. He published a metrical 
index to the Bible. 106 

Richard Shepherd, born at Kendal, settled at 
Preston, where he practised as a physician. He died 
in 1761, having bequeathed his library to the town, 
together with a sum for a librarian's salary and the 
purchase of fresh books. The library, which was to 
be strictly for works of reference, is now deposited in 
the Harris Free Library. 107 The erection of this 
building was due to the trustees of Edmund Robert 
Harris of Ashton, who was born at Preston in 1804 
and died in 1877, he having given them power to 
establish an institution of public utility in Preston to 
perpetuate the memory of his father and family. 108 
His father was the Rev. Robert Harris, incumbent of 
St. George's, Preston, from 1797 to 1862. In the 
Harris Library is preserved also the art collection 
bequeathed to the town by another native of it, 
Richard Newsham, 1798-1883. 

Sir Edward Stanley of Bickerstaffe, who succeeded 
to the earldom of Derby in 1736, is stated to have 
been born at Preston in 1689 ; he served as mayor 
of the town in 1731. His descendant, the late 
earl, took the title of Lord Stanley of Preston on 
being raised to the peerage in 1886, and was guild 
mayor in 1902. 

Arthur Devis, born at Preston about 1711, became 
a portrait painter, exhibiting at the Free Society of 
Artists, 1762-80. He died in I787. 109 

William Turner, son of a Nonconformist minister, 
was born at Preston in 1714, and himself became a 
minister at Wakefield. He contributed to Priestley's 
Theological Repository. He died in 1 794- 110 

Edward Crane, born at Preston in 1721, was 
educated at Kendal. He became a Nonconformist 
minister at Norwich, but died young, in 1 749. m 



97 Quoted by Hewitson, Preston, 214, 
from which work the details in the text 
have for the most part been taken. See 
also Hardwick, op. cit. 391-400. 

98 Priv. Act, 46 Geo. Ill, cap. izi. 
In 1821 the river was used by coasters 
from Liverpool, Kirkcudbright, Dublin, 
&c., as well as for coal flats and other small 
craft. There was a good fishery ; Whittle, 
Preston, 26, 27. A list of trading vessels, 
the Inrgest being of 130 tons, is given 
ibid. 345. 

99 The first steamboat on the Ribble 
appeared about 1829 ; the second, built 
at Preston, in 1834. 

100 < jvjot verv long a g steamers sailed 
regularly between Liverpool and Preston, 
carrying grain principally. . . Formerly 
considerable quantities of iron were 



brought by water to Preston. There 
was also a large china-clay traffic up the 
river. The outward cargoes of the 
vessels consisted mainly of coal from the 
Wigan district ' ; Hewitson, op. cit. 
(1883), 224.' 

101 Loc. Act, 46 & 47 Viet. cap. 
115, &c. 

102 In 1826 Preston was a creek of 
the port of Lancaster ; in 1839 it was 
joined with Fleetwood, and became 
independent in 1843. 

103 Diet. Nat. Biog. In Lancashire he 
built a mill near Chorley, but it was 
destroyed by the populace in 1779 in 
spite of the protection of police and 
military. 

104 Ibid. A Lawrence Clarkson, son 
of Henry, appears among the burgesses 

80 



of 1622 and 1642 ; Preston Guild R. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 88, 97. 

105 Diet. Nat. Biog. 

106 Ibid. ; Preston Guild R. 127. 

107 Hewitson, op. cit. 294-6. 

108 T ne trustees gave 100,000 in all, 
of which 70,000 was for the building 
and the rest for books and endowment. 
The corporation gave the site. The 
trustees also gave 40,000 to found the 
Harris Institute, a successor of the Insti- 
tution for the Diffusion of Knowledge, 
founded in 1849. A third large gift 
resulted in the Harris Orphanage in 
Fulwood. 

109 Diet. Nat. Biog. 

110 Ibid. ; Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. 
i, 10-12. 

111 Diet. Nat. Biog. 




PRESTON CHURCH c. 1829 
(From a drawing by IV. We ' stall ', A.R.A., engraved by Edward Finden} 




PRESTON CHURCH c. 1796 
(From a drawing by W. Ormc) 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



William Gregory Sharrock, born at Preston in 
1742, became a Benedictine monk. He was conse- 
crated in 1781 as coadjutor to Bishop Walmesley, 
with the title of Bishop of Telmessus, and in 1797 
succeeded him as vicar apostolic of the western 
district, acting till his death in iSog. 111 

Thomas Jackson, who took the surname of Calvert 
in 1819, was born at Preston in 1775. He became 
Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, Norrisian 
Professor in the university, and Warden of Man- 
chester. He died in iS^o. 11 * 

Charles Hardwick was born at Preston in 1817, 
being son of an innkeeper there. He acquired dis- 
tinction as an antiquary, and his history of his native 
town, issued in 1857, has been frequently quoted in 
the present account. He died in iSSg. 114 

Robert Cornthwaite, born in 1 8 1 8, became (Roman 
Catholic) Bishop of Beverley in 1861, and on the 
division of the diocese in 1878 was appointed to 
the Leeds portion. He died in 1890. 

William Dobson, born at Preston in 1820, and 
educated at the local grammar school, was editor of 
the Preston Chronicle, and wrote on local antiquities. 
He died in i884. lls 

Robert Gradwell, son of a Preston alderman, was 
born in the town in 1825, and after education at 
Ushaw became assistant priest at St. Augustine's, 
Preston, and from 1860 till his death in 1906 was 
stationed at Claughton-on-Brock. He was a domestic 
prelate to Leo XIII. He was of antiquarian tastes, 
and published a life of St. Patrick and various essays. 116 

John Samuel Raven, landscape painter, was son of 
the Rev. Thomas Raven, minister of Holy Trinity 
Church in Preston, and was born in the town in 
1829. He was drowned at Harlech, while bathing, 
in i877. m 

Some other worthies are noticed in the accounts of 
the various townships. 

The church 118 of ST. JOHN THE 
CHURCH DITINE stands in the middle of the 
town, on the south side of Church 
Street, and is a handsome building in the style of the 
1 4th century, erected in 1853-5. The former 
church which stood on the same site was a low 16th- 
century structure, consisting of chancel, clearstoried 
nave of four bays, with north and south aisles, and 
west tower, but before its demolition it had under- 



gone many changes and alterations. In 16445 the 
decay of the building was such that a levy of 30, 
which had been previously ordered, but a great part 
of which had not been paid, was increased by an 
additional 20. Pews were erected in the 1 7th 
century, and a rough plan of the seating c. 1650, 
showing the pulpit in the middle of the nave on the 
south side, has been preserved. 119 In 1671 the 
interior had ' become foule and uncomely,' and efforts 
were made to 'adorn and beautify' it, but the 
churchwardens were desired to get the work done 
'as well and as cheap as they could.' In 1680 
four pinnacles were ordered to be set upon the steeple 
and ' the weathercock to be placed handsomely in the 
middle,' and some time before 1682 a clock and 
chimes were placed in the tower. Towards the end 
of the 1 7th century Dr. Kuerden describes the build- 
ing as * spacious, well-built, or rather re-edifyed,' 1M 
but during the 1 8th century the church was allowed 
to fall into decay to such an extent m that on 
7 February 1770 the entire roof fell in, and in con- 
sequence the north and south walls had to be taken 
down and the nave rebuilt. 1 * 2 In 1 8 1 1 the tower, 
which had for some time been in an unsafe condition, 
was pulled down to the level of the church roof, and 
was left in that state till 1814, when it was rebuilt. 
The chancel was rebuilt by Sir Henry Philip Hoghton 
in l8l7. m An account of the building written in 
1821 m describes the body or nave as containing three 
aisles, with the royal arms where the rood formerly 
stood. 'Two chapels exist, the Lea chapel and 
Wall's chapel. . . . The mayor has a grand throne 
erected on the right corner from the altar. . . . The 
galleries are supported by eight Gothic arches, the 
pillars of an octagon shape. The front gallery facing 
the altar contains a well-tuned organ. . . . The spiral 
pulpit and reading desk is finely constructed of solid 
oak and supported by four pillars.' A view of the 
church about 1845"* shows the walls of chancel, 
nave and aisles to have been embattled, with lean-to 
roofs to the aisles, those of the chancel and nave being 
hidden behind the parapets. The clearstory windows 
were square-headed and of three lights, but those in 
the aisles had segmental heads, and the chancel was lit 
with tall pointed windows of three lights, the mullions 
crossing in the heads. The tower was lofty and had 
an embattled parapet with clustered angle pinnacles. 126 






118 Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 
131. He wrote some tracts. 

118 He published sermons ; Diet. Nat. 
Biog. ; Wardens of Manch. (Chet. Soc.), 
178-83. 

114 Diet. Nat. Biog. 

118 Ibid. 

116 Liverpool Cath. Annual, 1907. 

117 Diet. Nat. Biog. 

118 See T. C. Smith, Rec. of the Parish 
Church of Preston in Amounderness, 1892. 
The mediaeval invocation was St. Wilfrid. 
The rector of St. Wilfrid's, Preston, was 
defendant in 1342; De Banco R. 332, 
m. 149. The church was regularly called 
St. Wilfrid's, as may be seen by sub- 
sequent notes, but in the i6th century and 
later the name is found as Winifred. 

The change to St. John the Divine is 
said to have been made at the end of the 
i 6th century. 

There was in early times a St. John 
the Baptist's Weind or street (vicus), 
leading perhaps to lands held by the 
Knights Hospitallers ; Cockersand Chartul. 



(Chet. Soc.), i, 222, 219 ; Kuerden MSS. 
iii, ?7 (1340). 'St. John's Weind' is 
said to have been the old name of 
Tithebarn Street. 

119 It is reproduced in Smith, op. cit. 
247, and in Fishwick' s Hist, of Preston, 
114. A large space at the south-east 
corner of the nave is marked ' The antient 
burying place of the Lords of Hoghton 
and Lea.' This was usually known as the 
Lea chapel. At the time of the demoli- 
tion of the old church in 1853 notes were 
made of several carvings on the backs of 
the pews. They are given in Fishwick, 
op. cit. 115, and bear various dates (1626, 
1630, 1694) and initials. Many of the 
oak panels were elaborately carved. Coats 
of arms emblazoned on the windows 
of the church about 1580 are recorded 
in Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), vi, 271 ; 
xiv, 204. These have been imitated in 
the windows of the present church. 

130 Quoted by Fishwick, op. cit. 
116. 

131 In Nov. 1769 the church was 

81 



reported to be in imminent danger and 
the churchwardens were ordered to con- 
tract for its taking down and rebuilding. 
The nave roof fell in, however, before 
anything was done. 

183 At a meeting held 9 Feb. 1770 
' the roof and all the pillars on the north 
side of the church were reported to have 
fallen down and the rubbish was ordered 
to be cleared away and a proper person 
obtained to inspect the present state 
of the church." The rebuilding was 
more or less on the old lines ; the esti- 
mate of cost was ji,oo6. 

128 Hardwick, Hist, of Preston, 462, 
where it is further stated that the quire 
was renovated in 1823. 

1M p eter Whittle, Hist, of Preston, 55, 
quoted by Fishwick, op. cit. 117. 

135 Drawn by William Physick. Re- 
produced in Fishwick, op. cit. 116. 

186 Glynne's description, undated, but 
probably written about this time, is as 
follows : 'A large church originally of plain 
Perpendicular work, much modernized 

II 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Showing fresh symptoms of decay in the middle of 
the I gth century, the whole of the building, with the 
exception of the lower part of the tower, was pulled 
down in i853, 127 and a new church erected on the 
old foundations. 

The present building, 128 which was finished in 
1855, consists of chancel with south chapel, clearstoried 
nave with north and south aisles and west tower and 
spire, with north and south entrances in the angles 
between the tower and aisles. The building is a good 
example of modern Gothic and is built of Longridge 
stone. The church was reseated in i867 129 and a 
new reredos was erected in 1871. In 1885 an 
organ chamber was built in the north side of the 
chancel and vestries were added on the south side of 
the chapel. There are galleries over the north and 
south aisles and at the west end. 

All the mural tablets and brasses which were in 
the old church in 1853 have been preserved, but with 
the exception of the Bushell brass at the west end of 
the north aisle they are of little interest and of no 
antiquity. 130 This brass, to the memory of Seth 
Bushell, a woollen draper who died in 1623, was 
discovered when the old building was pulled down, 
and is in two pieces, one bearing a quaintly drawn 
figure and the other the inscription. Both plates fell 
into private hands and were not restored to the 
church till 1900, when they were fixed in their 
present position. 131 The Hoghton memorials in the 
quire comprise mural monuments to Sir Henry 
Hoghton (d. 1768) and his first and third wives, 
Mary Boughton (d. February 171920) and Susannah 
Butterworth (d. 1772), and to Ann Boughton, his 
sister-in-law (d. 171 5), 132 who are all there interred, 
and there are tablets to the memory of Sir Henry 
Bold Hoghton (d. 1862), who is buried at Anglesea, 
near Gosport, and Sir Henry de Hoghton (d. 1876), 
who is buried in the Bold chapel at Farnworth. 

There is a ring of eight bells cast by T. Mears in 
1 8 1*}.. 133 The commissioners of Edward VI reported 
that there were four bells, 134 besides one lent by 
Sir Richard Hoghton, kt. In 1 7 1 1 an order was 



given to collect in the parish for a new set of eight bells, 
which were afterwards cast by Rudhall. The fourth 
bell of an older peal had been recast in 1696, the 
seventh was recast in 1737. 

The plate 135 consists of a flagon and small paten of 
1705, both inscribed 'The gift of the Right Hon. 
John, Lord Gower, Baron of Stitnam, 1705 ' ; a 
flagon and two large patens of 1708, all inscribed 
* The gift of Madame Margery Rawstorne, widdow, 
of Preston, to the Church of Preston, 1 708 ' ; a flagon 
of 1719, purchased by order of the vestry, inscribed 
' Preston Lanc s i7i9 ' and round the bottom ' St. John 
the Evangelist, Parish of Preston'; a flagon of 1725 pur- 
chased by subscription, inscribed at the bottom ' Thos. 
Astley, Robert Walsham, churchwardens, 1725 '; and 
four chalices, two of 1729 and two of 1785, all 
without inscriptions. There is also a wine-strainer 
inscribed 'The Parish Church of Preston, 1819.' 

The early registers have been lost or destroyed. 
Except for two pages dated 1603 the existing registers 
begin in October 161 1, and from that date to the end 
of 1631 have been printed. 136 In 1821 the following 
books were chained to the pillars of the tower arch- 
way : The Homilies, Bible, Foxis Martyrs and Synopsis 
Papismi. 

The churchyard was enlarged in 1804. The 
oldest dated stone, of 1619, having become indeci- 
pherable has been replaced by an exact copy of the 
original. The old churchyard cross is named in a 
will dated 1 55 1. 138 

It is possible that a church at 
dDFOWSON Preston was one of those holy places 
deserted by the British clergy on the 
approach of the destroying English of Northumbria 
and about 670 granted with lands by the Ribble and 
elsewhere to St. Wilfrid. 139 Though its existence may 
be implied in the reference to churches in Amounder- 
ness in Domesday Book, 140 the first express record of it 
is that in the grant of Roger of Poitou to the abbey 
of Sees in 1094, by which he gave it the church of 
Preston with the tithe of his demesne and fishery, 
also 2 oxgangs of land and all the tithes of the 



and partially rebuilt. It has a lofty west 
tower with crocketed pinnacles, nave, 
aisles and chancel. The tower and 
chancel are modern in imitation of Per- 
pendicular work. The nave and aisles are 
embattled, the nave divided from each 
aisle by four lofty pointed arches rising 
from octagonal columns, the capitals of 
which are much encroached on by the 
side galleries. The clerestory windows 
are square-headed of three lights. Those 
of the aisles have chiefly depressed arches 
and tracery of three lights. The chancel 
is tolerably large but rebuilt in poor style. 
The interior, though spacious, is as usual 
encumbered with galleries, and there are 
some poor modern Gothic fittings. The 
organ pretty good ' ; Churches of Lanes. 3 8. 
Hardwick (Hist, of Preston, 462) says : 
'The pretensions of the old church to 
architectural beauty or even character 
were so ambiguous that it was some- 
times quoted in derision as an excellent 
specimen of "joiners' Gothic." ' 

187 Plans and elevations of the old 
church as it existed in 1853 are given in 
Smith, op. cit. 248-9. 

148 Designed by Edward Hugh Shellard. 

129 There was a rearrangement of seats 
in the quire in 1885. 

iso The inscriptions are given in full in 



Smith, op. cit. 258-66, and in Fishwick, 
op. cit. 121-3. 

181 The figure was in the possession of 
Mr. T. Harrison Myres and the inscrip- 
tion in that of Mr. F. J. Holland, both of 
Preston. These gentlemen restored them 
to the church. The brass is illustrated in 
Thornely, Brasses of Lanes, and Ches. 272, 
in Smith, op. cit. 258, and Fishwick, 
op. cit. 1 20. 

183 There is a small tablet inscribed, 
'Sir Henry de Hoghton, bart., in his will 
expressed his desire that no person should 
be interred under any of the four stones 
which cover the remains of Dame Mary, 
his first lady, Miss Ann Boughton, her 
sister, himself, and Dame Susannah, his 
last lady.' 

133 The inscriptions (in addition to the 
weight and name of maker) are as follows : 
(i) 'Venite exultemus Domino.' (2) '4 
June 1814, foundation laid by Sir H. P. 
Hoghton, bait., lay rector and patron.' 
(3) 'June 4, 54 George III, the king's 
birthday : Vivat Rex.' (4) ' June 4, 
1814, account received of the Treaty of 
Peace.' (5) 'The Rev. James Penny, 
vicar 5 the Rev. Wm. Towne, curate, 
1814.' (6) ' Rich. Newsham, esq., mayor, 
1814.' (7) 'Jno. Green, Jno. Fallow- 
field, Jno. Grimbaldeston, Hen. Heaton, 

82 



Jas. Middlehurst, Jno. Harrison, church- 
wardens, 1814.' (8) 'Blessed are the 
dead that die in the Lord. Resurgant.' 

184 In 1602 Thomas Woodruff was 
admitted burgess on condition of ringing 
the day bell and curfew for the summer 
season during his life ; Preston Guild R. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 64. The 
ringing of these bells was maintained till 
recent times. 

185 The list of church ornaments con- 
sidered necessary in 1659 is printed by 
Smith, op. cit. 253. It includes two 
silver bowls with covers. In 1660 there 
were five pewter flagons ' to be used at 
the time of the Sacrament.' 

186 In Smith's Preston Church, 83- 
224. In this work are also contained 
extracts from the records of the ' Four 
and Twenty Gentlemen 'afterwards (1770) 
known as the Select Vestry who governed 
the parish. Lists of churchwardens are 
also given. 

187 T. C. Smith, op. cit. 265. 

138 George Crook desired to be buried 
'in the south side of the churchyard, nigh 
unto the cross ' ; cited by Fishwick, Pnston, 
124. 

189 Hist. Ch. of Tork (Rolls Ser.), i, 
25. 

" V,C,H, Lanes, i, 288*. 




PRESTON PARISH CHURCH FROM THE SOUTH-EAST 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



whole parish. 141 Together with Roger's other posses- 
sions the advowson reverted to the Crown in I ioz. 142 
It was included in the grant of the hundred to 
Theobald Walter about ngi, 143 but claimed by the 
Abbot of Sees. By a compromise made in 1 1 96 the 
advowson was resigned to Theobald, but the rector 
was to pay 10 marks yearly to the Prior of Lancaster. 144 
After King John's accession the advowson reverted to 
the Crown, 145 and as part of the honour of Lancaster 
descended to the earls and dukes. 

Thomas Earl of Lancaster in 1316 had leave to 
appropriate the rectory, 146 but his purpose, whatever 
it may have been, does not seem to have been carried 
further 147 ; and it was not till July 1400 that an 
appropriation was made by Henry IV in favour of 
the new collegiate church of St. Mary at Leicester, 
known as the college of Newark ; a vicarage was to 
be endowed and a sum of money distributed annually 
to the poor. 148 After the confiscation of such colleges 
in 1546-8 the rectory remained in the Crown 149 
until 1 607, when it was sold to Sir Richard Hoghton, 
the advowson of the vicarage being included. 150 His 
family, retaining the rectory, sold the advowson of 
the vicarage in 1828 to Hulme's Trustees, 151 the 
present patrons. 

About 12226 the value of the rectory was esti- 



PRESTON 

mated at 50 marks, 153 and in 1297 at double that 
sum, 153 this agreeing with the Valor of I292. 1M 
Within thirty years, however, owing to the havoc 
wrought by the Scottish invasions, the taxation was 
reduced to 3 5 marks. 155 The ninth of sheaves, &c., 
assessed in 1341, shows a recovery. 156 In 1527 the 
rectory was thought to be worth ^42 a year and 
the vicarage ^2O, 157 and this estimate is almost trie 
same as that of the Valor of 1 5 3 5 158 ; it appears, 
however, that the vicar had to pay the ancient 
10 marks rent to the Abbess of Syon, who had taken 
the place of the Abbot of Sees. 159 After the sale of 
the rectory in 1607, a rent of 45 3*. %d. had to be 
paid to the Crown by the lay rector, but in 1650 
the value of the tithes was estimated as ^309. 16 

The vicarage about 1620 had an annual value of 
j66. 161 In 1650, on account of the 'distracted, 
troublesome times,' it was not worth so much, but the 
vicar, one of the leading Puritan divines, had 50 
from the Committee of Plundered Ministers and 
another ^50 from the duchy revenues, as one of the 
four itinerant preachers. 161 The vicar in 1705 
certified that he had 53, but the true value was 
nearly double, though part was precarious. 163 The 
income has greatly increased in modern times and is 
now returned as .802 net. 164 



141 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 290. 

142 This is an inference from the later 
history, but the matter is not clear, for 
Roger's grant, including Preston, was 
confirmed by John when Count of Mor- 
tain, i.e. before 1193 ; ibid. 298. 

148 Ibid. 434-5. To justify Theobald 
Walter's claim Preston must have been in- 
cluded among the ' advowson* of churches' 
not recorded by name. 

144 Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 6. The monks, described as 
tenants, retained the church of Poulton, 
but surrendered Preston. Each clerk 
presented to the church was to promise 
to pay the 10 marks annuity. 

145 From the list of rectors it will be 
seen that John presented in 1201 and 
1202. 

146 Cal. Pat. 1313-17, p. 512. He 
may have intended to bestow it on 
Whalley Abbey. In a later petition from 
the abbey to the Archbishop of York the 
abbot and monks state that they have 
obtained the church, so far as a layman 
could give it, from Henry Earl of Lan- 
caster, and pray for its appropriation to 
their house, undertaking to pay a vicar 
20 a year; Whitaker, Whalley (ed. 
Nicholls), i, 168-9. The abbot's initial 
is printed as C. 

147 In 1354 it was found that it would 
not be to the king's injury that the 
advowson of the church of Preston in- 
cluding, it would seem, the whole rectory 
worth ,100 should be appropriated to 
St. Mary's Collegiate Church at Leicester ; 
Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. Ill (2nd nos.), no. 2. 
The scheme was not carried through, as 
the Dukes of Lancaster continued to 
present to the church. 

148 Cal - P^. 1399-1401, p. 341. The 
New College (or Newark) was founded in 
1355 ; Cal. Papal Letters, iii, 585. 

The appropriation was in 1401 con- 
firmed by Boniface IX ; ibid, v, 41 1 : vi, 
no. 

In 11520 the Dean and Chapter of the 
New College of our Blessed Lady of 
Leicester demised to Richard Hesketh for 
twenty-five years the parsonage of Preston 
with its demesne and glebe land and the 



chapel of Broughton at a rent of 40 and 
371. Thomas Hesketh, brother and heir 
of Richard, afterwards demised it to Sir 
Alexander Osbaldeston at a rent of 
52 31. %d. for the use of Thomas's son 
Robert; Towneley MS. DD, no. 231. 
Robert Hesketh in 1531 procured afresh 
lease from the college for a term of forty 
years at the old rent of 40 and 371. ; 
ibid. no. 384. Various disputes arising 
out of these and other grants are related 
in Smith, op. cit. 14-19. 

149 Certain possessions of Newark 
College at Preston seem to have been 
granted with other church property to 
Richard Venables and others in 1 549 ; 
Pat. 3 Edw. VI, pt. ix. The rectory with 
the advowson was probably leased for 
short terms, judging from the changes of 
patrons. In 1569-70 Christopher Ander- 
ton of Lostock transferred to John Bold 
of North Meols the advowson of Preston ; 
Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 225, m. 7 ; 227, 
m. 5 d. Thurstan Anderton in 1592 
granted the same to Henry Bold, who in 
1596 transferred it to Richard Hoghton ; 
De Hoghton D. 

lw Pat. 5 Jas. I, pt. xiii. The rectory 
of Preston and the advowson of the 
vicarage were included in the Hoghton 
properties in 1616 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea 
R. 317, m. 7. 

The De Hoghton D. show that 
Thomas Hoghton had in 1587 procured 
a lease of the rectory from the Crown. 

U1 Smith, op. cit. 6. It appears from 
a fine of 1772 that the rectory and 
advowson of Preston were in that year 
sold or mortgaged to William Shaw, jun., 
by Sir Henry Hoghton ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 387, m. 114. 

168 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 120. 15S Ibid. 298. 

1M Pop- Nick. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307 ; 
66 13*. 4</. 

184 Ibid. 327 ; 23 6s. $d. The pension 
payable to the Abbot of Sees is not 
mentioned. 

156 Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 37. 
The inquiry was made at Preston. The 
borough, which was excepted, was worth 
7 marks and the rest of the parish 28 

83 



marks and 2od. The several townships 
paid as follows : Ashton, 1 i6s. $d. ; 
Lea, 2 6s. So 1 . ; Broughton, 3 13^.4^.; 
Barton, 3 6s. %d. ; Haighton, i %s. $d.\ 
Grimsargh, 1 ioi. ; Brockholes, 
i is. So 1 . ; Elston, 1 8j. 4^. ; Ribble- 
ton, i is. $d. ; Fishwick the same ; in 
all, 18 15.. 

The reasons given why the 100 marks 
was not reached were that the excepted 
revenues were considerable (tithe of hay 
,10, other small tithes 15 marks, obla- 
tions, &c., 5 marks, glebe 251.), and that by 
the destruction wrought by the Scots and 
other insupportable charges daily increas- 
ing there were waste lands in the parish 
causing a loss of 28 marks to the tax ; in 

all 43 5*. 

1&r Duchy of Lane. Rentals, bdle. 5, 
no. 15. 

15S Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 169 ; 
the rent received by Newark College was 

41 17'; 

59 Ibid, v, 262 ; the net value was 
15 41. The manse and garden were 
valued at zs., the vicarial tithes at 
7 u. 4</., and the oblations and Easter 
roll at 14 1 6s. $d. 

160 Common-w. Ch. Sur-v. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 144-5. I n 1670 a 
rent of 45 was paid to the Crown for 
the rectory by Sir Richard Hoghton and 
Edward Rigby ; Pat. 22 Chas. II. 

161 Commoniu. Ch. Sur-v. 146. 

162 Ibid. The endowment of the vicarage 
included cottage and barn, with ij acres of 
glebe, small tithes of the whole parish, 
and the corn tithes also in Ribbleton, but 
in some cases a prescriptive rent limited 
the amounts payable. 

A terrier of the glebe lands of the vicar- 
age made in 1663 and a table of Eastei 
dues of about the same time are printed 
in Smith, op. cit. 12. 

168 Gastrell, Notltia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 461. The vicar paid 4 to the curate 
of Broughton. 

164 Manch. Dioc. Dir. The old vicarage 
was in the street so called, off Tithebarn 
Street, to the north of the church. The 
present house, at Eastcliff, was built in 
1846. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Patron 



The following is a list of the incumbents : 

RECTORS 
Instituted Name 

oc. 1153-60 . . William 164 

c. 1 1 90 . . . Robert 166 

c. 1196 . . . Adomar de la Roche 167 .... Theobald Walter 

25 Feb. 1200-1 . Ran die de la Tour 168 The King . . 

? 8 July 1 202 . Mr. Peter Russinol 169 , 

oc. 121 9-40 . Amery des Roches 17 . . 

3 July 1243. . William de Haverhill m . . . . 

25 Aug. 1252 . Arnulf 17 * . . 

22 May 1256 . Henry de Wingham 17S .... . . 

20 June 1262 . Walter de Merton m . . 

oc. 1286-94 . Aubrey de Roseriis 17i 

oc. 1306 . . . Eustace de Cottesbach 176 .... 

oc. 1312. . . James de Fairford 177 

1321 . . . Thurstan de Holland 178 . . . 

24 Sept. 1348 . Henry de Walton " a .... 



Thomas Earl of Lane. 
Henry Earl of Lane. . 



Cause of Vacancy 



d. P. Russinol 



d. W. de Haverhill 

d. Arnulf 

d. Bp. Wingham 



exch. J. de Fairford 



166 William the priest of Preston was 
first witness to an important charter ; 
Farrer, op. cit. 323, 325. 

168 Ibid. 361. He is called only Robert 
de Preston, but is one of a number of 
witnesses, all apparently clergymen. In 
another ecclesiastical deed of 1193 he 
appears as Master Robert de Preston ; 
Lane. Ch. (Chet. Soc.), i, in. 

187 After making the settlement with 
the Abbot of Sees recorded in the text, 
Theobald Walter presented Adomar de la 
Roche ; ibid, ii, 519. 

188 Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 101. 
The dates in the first column are 

often those of presentation, the institu- 
tions not being known. 

169 Rot. Lit. Pat. (Rec. Com.), 14. He 
was precentor of York in 1213 ; Le Neve, 
Fasti, iii, I 54. The statement that Peter 
was dead in 1222 shows that the Master 
Peter de Russinol who occurs later must 
be a different person. 

170 He was nephew of the Bishop of 
Winchester and is said to have been pre- 
sented by Henry III ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents, i, 120 (where he is called Henry). 
Americus, rector of Preston, had letters 
of protection in 1219 and 1222 ; Cal. 
Pat. 1216-25, pp. 199, 336. He occurs 
again in 1228, when Herbert the clerk 
and other guardians of the church had 
letters of protection; ibid. 1225-32, 
p. 189. He was still rector in 1240, 
when he claimed Chipping as a chapel of 
Preston ; Abbre-v. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 
no, in. 

171 Haverhill was one of the king's 
clerks in 1223, as appears by the Patent 
Rolls, the calendars containing many 
references to him. He became the king'* 
treasurer and died in 1252. He was a 
canon of St. Paul's ; Le Neve, Fasti, ii, 
400. According to T. C. Smith (op. cit. 
9, 26) he was presented to Preston 
3 July 1 243, referring to Pat. 27 Hen. Ill, 
m. 3. The entry does not appear in the 
printed calendar, where instead it is re- 
corded that on 22 July 1243 Guy de 
Russilun (Rousillon) was presented to 
Preston ; Cal. Pat. 1232-47, p. 387. 
Guy was the king's clerk and kinsman 
(Cal. Papal Letters, i, 201) and there are 
a number of references to him in the 
Patent Rolls. 

There is probably some error, for in 
1246 the church of Preston was of the 
king's presentation. William de Haverhill, 
the treasurer, was rector, and it was 
worth 140 marks a year ; Assize R. 404, 
m. 19 d. 



A papal dispensation to hold two addi- 
tional benefices was given to William de 
Haverhill in 1244 ; Cal. Papal Letters, 
i, 2ii. 

17a Cal. Pat. 1247-58, p. 149 ; he was 
archdeacon of 'Tours' or Thouars. 
Matthew Paris, whose description must 
be considered that of a hostile partisan, 
says that Arnulf was a Poitevin and 
chaplain to Geoffrey de Lusignan, the 
king's brother, and played the fool to 
amuse the king and court, being a dis- 
grace to the priesthood ; ' we have seen 
him pelting the king, his brother Geoffrey, 
and other nobles while walking in the 
orchard of St. Albans with turf, stones 
and apples, and pressing the juice of 
grapes in their eyes, like one devoid of 
sense ' ; Chron. Maj. (Rolls Ser.), v, 329. 
Such behaviour, though undignified, does 
not seem vicious. 

Arnulf was also a prebendary of York ; 
Cal. Pat. 1247-58, p. 414. 

173 Ibid. p. 471. He was an im- 
portant public official, becoming keeper 
of the great seal 1255-9, ant * held 
a number of benefices and dignities, in- 
cluding the rectory of Kirkham. He 
became Bishop of London m 1259, but 
retained Preston, Kirkham and some 
other churches till his death in 1262. 
See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; Foss, Judges ; 
Le Neve, Fasti, ii, 285, &c. 

In 1254 Henry de Wingham, sub- 
deacon, one of the king's clerks, was 
made a papal chaplain ; Cal. Papal 
Letters, i, 300. There are several other 
privileges and dispensations recorded for 
him in the same volume, including per- 
mission (in 1259) to hold for five years 
all the benefices he had at the time of 
his election to the see of London ; ibid. 
366. 

174 Pat. 46 Hen. Ill, m. 9 (quoted by 
Smith, op. cit. 31). This, die most 
famous of the rectors of Preston, was 
also a great State officer holding many 
ecclesiastical preferments. He was Chan- 
cellor of England 1261-3 anc ' again 
12724, being made Bishop of Rochester 
in 1274. He founded Merton Coll., Oxf. 
He was drowned while crossing the 
Medway in 1277. See Diet. Nat. Biog. ; 
Foss, Judges ; Le Neve, Fasti, ii, 561, &c. 

Walter de Merton, chancellor of the 
Bishop of Durham, obtained a papal dis- 
pensation in 1246 ; Cal. Papal Letters, 
i, 225. 

175 Protections were granted him in 
1286 and 1294; Cal. Pat. 128192, 
p. 249 ; 1292-1301, p. 121. He occurs 

84 



also in pleadings of 1292, the surname in 
one case being given as De Roseys ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 39<i., 99, 24. 

He made a gift to Henry de Haydock 
of Ashton in return for land in Dobcroft 
given to Preston Church ; Kuerden MSS. 
iv, C 25. 

176 Cal. Pat. 1301-7, p. 457 ; ' Preston ' 
may be an error for Prescot (q.v.), but 
Eustace was defendant in a plea regard- 
ing land in Preston in 1305 5 De Banco 
R. 153, m. 206 d. 

177 The name is also given as Fair- 
stead. In Jan. 1311-12 letters dimissory 
were granted by the Archbishop of 
York to James de Fairford, rector of 
Preston in Amounderness ; note by J. P. 
Earwaker, Raines MSS. (from the York 
records). James de Fairford is named as 
the immediate predecessor of Thurstan de 
Holland, rector in 1323, in a claim for 
tithes by the Prior of Lancaster ; Lane. 
Ch. ii, 448. 

178 Thurstan de Holland is stated to 
have exchanged the rectory of Hanbury 
for Preston with James de Fairford ; the 
reference given is Add. MS. 6065, fol. 267 
(Fishwick, Preston). 

As Thurstan is often named in plead- 
ings, &c., it is probable that he, unlike 
most of the other rectors, was resident. 
He when eighteen (about 1314) accepted 
the rectory of Hanbury, and obtained 
a papal dispensation in 1319 to retain 
it, his intercessor being Thomas Earl 
of Lancaster ; Cal. Papal Letters, ii, 189. 

The Abbot of Sees' claim against 
Thurstan for the annuity of 10 marks, 
already recorded, occurs in the Plea 
Rolls from 1325 onwards ; De Banco R. 
258, m. 140 ; 292, m. 257 ; 300, m. 185. 

Thurstan de Holland occurs as rector 
down to the beginning of 1348 ; ibid. 350, 
m. 20 ; 353, m. 302. 

179 For the presentations about this 
time reference is given to Torre's Re- 
gisters of the Archdeacons of Richmond ; 
Fishwick's Preston. 

Henry de Walton was of the family of 
Walton-le-Dale, and became Archdeacou 
of Richmond in 1349 by papal provi- 
sion, he then holding the church of 
Preston and canonries at Salisbury and 
York ; Cal. Papal Letters, iii, 290. 
There are many other references to him 
in the same volume, including dispensa- 
tions from residence and for further 
benefices, &c. He incurred sentence of 
excommunication in 1357, but it was 
suspended ; ibid, iii, 584. See also 
Le Neve, Fasti, iii, 138, &c. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



Name 



Patron 



Instituted 

9 Dec. 1359 Robert de Burton 18 Henry Duke of Lane. 

oc. 1369 . . . John de Charneles 181 

13 Oct. 1374 . Ralph de Erghum, D.C.L. 1S> . . . John Duke of Lane. 

? 1 380-99 . John de Yarburgh 183 

1399 . , William de Stevington 184 .... 

VICARS 

? 1400 . . Richard Walton 185 

17 Jan. 1418-19 John White 186 New Coll., Leicester 

26 Apr. 1421 . John York alias Legeard lt7 ... 

6 Mar. 1451-2. Thomas Tunstall m 

9 Sept. 1454 . Robert Cowell 189 

oc. 1482-1501 . Thomas Bolton 19 

c. 1 5 1 6 . . . Robert Singleton 191 Sir A. Osbaldeston 

oc. 1548-62 . . Nicholas Bradshaw, LL.B. 132 . 

22 Oct. 1563 . Roger Chorley 193 Thomas Packet 

15 Sept. 1566 . Leonard Chorley 194 William Chorley . 

12 Sept. 1572 . Nicholas Daniel, B.D. 195 .... John Bold . . . 

15 Sept. 1580 . Thomas Wall 196 ... 



Cause of Vacancy 
d. H. de Walton 



d. R. Walton 
res. J. White 
d. J. York 
exch. T. Tunstall 



d. T. Bolton 



d. N. Bradshaw 
d. R. Chorley 
res. L. Chorley 
res. N. Daniel 



180 An abstract of the will of Robert 
de Burton, rector of Preston, dated at 
Leicester Abbey, 16 Jan. 1360, is given 
from Gibbon's Early Line, frills, 23, 
by T. C. Smith, op. cit. 35. No benefice 
or dignity except Preston is named. 

Another Robert de Burton had several 
preferments ; Cal. Papal Letters, iii, 
241, &c. 

181 He was rector in 1369, when he 
complained that various persons had 
broken his close at Preston ; De Banco 
R. 435, m. 368. 

John de Charneles had canonries at 
York and Lichfield, and dispensations for 
benefices, &c. ; Cal. Papal Letters, iii, 92 
(i 342), &c. He died in 1 374 ; Le Neve, 
Fasti, i, 591. 

18a Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 389. 

Ralph de Erghum (Arkholme) was 
chancellor of John of Gaunt and became 
Bishop of Salisbury (1375) and Bath 
(1388). He had various canonries, &c.; 
Cal. Papal Letters, iv, 167, 215, &c.; Le 
Neve, Fasti, ii, 600 ; i, 139, &c. 

188 John de Yarburgh became canon of 
York in 1385 and exchanged for a canonry 
at St. Paul's in 1395, resigning the latter 
in 1400 ; ibid, iii, 20$ ; ii, 380. He, being 
in his fifty-eighth year and unable from his 
infirmities to reside at Preston, received 
a papal dispensation for non-residence 
there in 1397; Cal. Papal Letters, v, 
22. He was a clerk of the Duke of 
Lancaster's in 1378 ; Cal. Pat. 1377-81, 
p. 262. In 1399 he became one of the 
prebendaries of the New College at 
Leicester; ibid. 1399-1401, p. 13. 

An incident of his time may be re- 
corded here. One John Robinson Atkin- 
son of Balderston having killed Thomas 
Banastre at Preston in May 1395, fled to 
the church for safety. Acknowledging his 
crime before the king's coroner he was, 
about a month later, allowed to go on 
abjuring the realm. He was pardoned in 
1397; Pal. of Lane. Chan. Misc. 1/3, 
no. 80. 

184 He resigned in order to allow the 
dean and canons to take possession ; Cal. 
Papal Letters, vi, no. The date is not 
given, but it must have been before 1406 
and may have been in 1400. 

185 Richard Walton was vicar of Preston 
in 1400 if a deed preserved by Kuerden is 
rightly dated ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 250, 
no. 25. In Harl. MS. 2042 (fol. 168) 
what seems to be the same deed bears the 
years 3 Hen. IV and 3 Hen. V. He was 



a burgess of Preston by hereditary right in 
1415 ; Preston Guild R. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), 7. 

In an undated deed (c. 1410) Magota 
widow of William Walton of Walton-le- 
Dale granted certain lands to her son 
Richard Walton, vicar of St. Wilfrid's, 
Preston ; Kuerden MSS. iv, P 1 18, no. 26. 

186 Raines MSS. xxii, 395. 

187 Ibid, xx, 397. He occurs in local 
charters and pleadings ; e.g. Add. MS. 
32107, no. 2292; Pal. of Lane. Plea 
R. 2, m. I ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, 
App. 21. 

188 Raines MSS. xxii, 379. The vicarage 
fell vacant on 1 8 Feb. 1451-2 by the 
death of John York alias Legeard, and on 
inquiry it was found that the Dean and 
Chapter of New College, Leicester, were 
patrons. Tunstall is named in a local 
deed ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 552, 2953. 

189 Raines MSS. xxii, 379. Cowell 
had been rector of Thurnby, Line, dioc., 
to which Tunstall went. Robert Cowell 
was an in burgess at the guild of 1459 ; 
Preston Guild R. 12. His name occurs in 
local deeds down to 1473 ; e.g. Kuerden 
MSS. iii, W 8 (no. 95), K 2. 

io Thomas Bolton, vicar, was one of 
the witnesses to the will (dated 1482) of 
Richard Taylor, who desired his body to be 
buried in St. Wilfrid's Church ; Kuerden 
fol. MS. fol. 396, T. Thomas 'Berton' 
was vicar in 1483-4 ; Kuerden MSS. iv, 
R 14. He is again named as Thomas 
Bolton in 1486 ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 363. 
The king, apparently in 1498, leased to 
Thomas Bolton for thirty years the vicarage 
of the parish church of Preston ; Duchy 
of Lane. Misc. Bks. xxi, 56 a/d. There 
is nothing to show how the vicarage had 
come into the king's hands. Thomas 
Bolton was still rector in 1501 ; Dep. 
Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 542. 

191 By inquiry made in 1527 it was 
found that the church was appropriated 
to the college of ' New Work,' Leicester, 
and that the vicar was Robert Singleton, 
who had held it for eleven years ; Duchy 
of Lane. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. 

Sir Alexander Osbaldeston in 1494 ob- 
tained a grant of the next presentation 
from the College of Newark, Leicester, 
and presented Robert son of John Single- 
ton some time between 1515 and 1522. 
The grant was disputed, but on trial 
upheld ; Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), i, 
195, printed by Smith, op. cit. 15-16. A 
writ in this case was issued 8 Oct. 1516, 

85 



the church being then vacant ; Pal. of 
Lane. Writs Proton. 8 Hen. VIII, Lent. 
Robert Singleton was vicar in 1535 ; 
Valor, v, 262. One of the name became 
archpriest of St. Martin's, Dover, in 1535 ; 
ibid, i, 95. He was a correspondent of 
Cromwell's ; L. and P. Hen. VIII, x, 612, 
640. The same or another graduated at 
Oxford (M.A. 1527) and became rector of 
Potsgrove, Beds., 1 549 ; Foster, Alumni. 

193 Nicholas Bradshaw was in 1535 one 
of the canons of the Newark College ; 
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 171. The 
inventory of church goods at Preston in 
1552, signed by him, shows a fair number 
of vestments, &c., remaining. There was 
also a ' painted cloth which was about the 
sepulchre' ; T. C. Smith, op. cit. 252-3. 
The name is given as James Bradshaw in 
Chet. Misc. (new ser.), i, 3. He occurs 
as vicar of Preston in the Chester visita- 
tion lists of 1 548 and 1562. In the latter 
it is said he ' appeared and subscribed.' 
Mortuus is marked against his name. 

198 In the visitation list of 1563 he was 
curate of Chorley and vicar of Preston. 
He was buried at Chorley 26 July 1566. 

The names of patrons and dates of 
institution from this period are taken 
from papers in the Dioc. Reg. Chester. 

194 Compounded for first-fruits 26 Oct. 
1566 ; Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 409. 

One of this name was B.A. at Oxford 
1571, and afterwards (1581) a barrister; 
Foster, Alumni. He seems to have become 
Recorder of Liverpool 1602-20 ; Picton, 
Munic. Rec. i, 112. 

195 Nicholas ap Evan Daniel was vicar 
of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 1563-8, be- 
ing deprived for nonconformity, Canon 
Raines supposed ; he was also a Fellow of 
Manchester and was there accused of un- 
sound doctrine ; Raines, Manch. Fellows 
(Chet. Soc.), 56-7. He compounded for 
his first-fruits at Preston 19 Nov. 1572. 
At Preston he preached twice every 
Sunday and holiday. He was a married 
man. 

196 Act Bk. at Chester, 1579-1676, 
fol. 3^. Compounded for first-fruits 
30 Nov. 1580. An abstract of his will, 
dated 18 Aug. 1592, is printed by T. C. 
Smith, op. cit. 45. He was in 1591 
described as ' an old grave man of simple 
persuasion in divinity and one that in his 
youth hath used sundry callings and now 
at last settled himself in the ministry ' ; 
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 60 1. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Instituted 
21 Dec. 1592 

12 Feb. 1603-4 
28 May 1621 

1 8 Nov.) , , 

, ^ f 1020 

1 6 Dec. j 

1 1 Nov. ) , 

T- r 1030 
2 Dec. ) 3 



Name Patron 

,.... c , , . 1q7 (Henry Bold . . , 

William Sawrey, M.A. 197 . . . . Ir.*. A 

/J (The Queen. . . , 

John Paler 198 Rt. Parkinson . . , 

Sir Richard Hoghton 

( Sir R. Hoghton . 



James Martin, M.A. 199 
Augustine Wildbore, D.D. 200 . 



Cause of Vacancy 

J d. T. Wall 

res. W. Sawrey 
d. J. Paler 



(The King 



"3? 

2 July 1657 
10 Feb. 1657-8 
14 Feb. 1662-3 
27 Nov. 1663 
12 Dec. 1682 
29 May 1700. 
14 July 1727 



T o i- /r A 901 (Sir R. Hoghton 

James Starfae, M.A. | The King . . 

Isaac Ambrose, M.A. 202 .... 

George Thomason 203 Sir R. Hoghton 

William Cole, B.A. 204 

Thomas Stanhope, M.A. 205 ... 

Seth Bushell, D.D. 206 

Thomas Birch 207 Sir C. Hoghton 

Samuel Peploe, M.A. 208 .... 

Samuel Peploe, D.D. 209 .... The King . . 



res. A. Wildbore 



cess. W. Cole 
res. T. Stanhope 
res. S. Bushell 
d. T. Birch 
prom. Bp. Peploe 



In 1590 it was reported that the vicar, 
who was ' no preacher,' had ' by corrup- 
tion ' only 20 marks a year out of the 
vicarage revenues ; S. P. Dom. Eliz. xxxi, 

47- 

197 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 21. He 
appears to have had two presentations, 
one from the queen and another from 
Henry Bold of North Meols ; Smith, 
op. cit. 46. He compounded for first- 
fruits 5 Feb. 15923. He was also rector 
of Windermere 15941610. 

198 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 37; 
'preacher of the Word of God.' Parkin- 
ion presented by virtue of a grant from 
Richard Hoghton. John Paler was buried 
at Preston 16 Apr. 1621, the entry in the 
register describing him as ' a notable 
labourer in the Lord's vineyard.' An 
inventory of his goods (Smith, op. cit. 47) 
shows that he had a considerable library, 
his books being worth ,14 ios. 

199 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 72. He 
was a king's preacher. Martin paid first- 
fruits 29 May 1621. He graduated at 
Oxford (M.A. 1611) and Cambridge; 
Foster, Alumni. He was deprived for 
imony in 1623. Some ten years later 
he made bitter complaint of his treatment, 
alleging that his wife and son had starved 
to death in the street ; Cal. S. P. Dom. 
16334, pp. 7, II, 39. His character- 
sketch of hig enemies, who were Puritans, 
is printed by Fishwick, op. cit. 1802. 
Martin seems to have been regarded as of 
unsound mind. 

The institutions from this time have 
been compared with those recorded at the 
P.R.O. as printed in Lanes, and Ches. 
Antiq. Notes. 

aoo The history of the vicarage from 
1623 to 1626 is obscure, the proceedings 
concerning Martin causing difficulty. The 
records of the Chester registry show that 
Alexander Bradley, B.A., was presented 
by the king, 'by lapse,' on 21 June 1623, 
and John Inskip on 6 July following. 
The latter sought institution, but does not 
appear to have obtained it ; Act Bk. at 
Chester, fol. 736, 76^, and at end of 
volume. Augustine Wildbore was pre- 
sented by Sir Richard Hoghton on 
3 Mar. 1625-6, the vacancy being due to 
the ' deprivation of James Martin, last 
vicar' ; but on I Dec. following he was 
presented by the king, 'patron for this 
turn by reason of the outlawry of the 
patron or by lapse.' The first-fruits were 
paid 20 Feb. 1626-7. Some entries re- 
lating to John Inskip, with an abstract of 
his will (1632), are printed by T. C. 
Smith, op. cit. 51. 

Wildbore was educated at Sidney-Sussex 



Coll., Camb. (M.A. 1614, D.D. 1633). 
He was appointed a king's preacher ; 
was vicar of Garstang in 1621, of 
Preston in 1626, and of Lancaster 
1630, vacating Preston. He was a strong 
Royalist and was expelled from his bene- 
fices by Parliament in 1643. He died in 
1654. See the full account by H. Fish- 
wick in Garstang (Chet. Soc.), 14953. 

201 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 91 b, \i6b. 
First-fruits paid 25 Nov. 1630. The 
king's nomination was said to be due to 
the outlawry of the patron, lapse, or 
simony. James Starkie was in 1636 ad- 
monished by the High Commission Court, 
probably for some nonconformity ; Cal. 
S. P. Dom. 1635-6, p. 485. In 1639 he 
was promoted to the rectory of North 

Meols(q.v.). 

202 This noteworthy vicar of Preston 
wag the son of Richard Ambrose, vicar 
of Ormskirk, where he was baptized 
in 1604. He was educated at Brasenose 
Coll., Oxf. ; B.A. 1 624, M.A. Camb. 
1632 ; Foster, Alumni. Incumbent of 
Castleton, Derb., 1627 ; Clapham, 1629 ; 
king's preacher in Lancashire, 1631; was a 
zealous Presbyterian and member of the 
classis 1646, signing the ' Harmonious 
Consent ' in 1648 ; became vicar of Gar- 
stang in 1654 and was ejected for non- 
conformity in 1662. He died in Jan. 
16634. He published various religious 
works, including Looking unto Jesus, 1658. 
See Diet. Nat. Stag. ; Wood, Athenae ; 
Garstang (Chet. Soc.), 154-176. Am- 
brose was still vicar of Preston till 1657, 
when he released to Sir Richard Hoghton 
all right in the vicarage ; De Hoghton D. 
During part of the time (1655 on ) 
William Brownsword was in charge of the 
parish but was not styled vicar ; he was 
afterwards of Kendal. See articles by 
Rev. B. Nightingale in Preston Guardian, 
9-30 Apr. 1910. 

204 Plund. Mini. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 189. One of this name 
was educated at Oxford ; B.A. 1659 5 an< ^ 
afterwards held various benefices ; Canon 
of Lincoln 1683-1712 ; Foster, Alumni, 

204 Plund. Mins. Accts. ii, 216, 222. 
Educated at Corpus Christi Coll., Camb. ; 
B.A. 1640; Fishwick, Preston, 185. In 
1662 he was willing to conform to some 
extent, but wag ejected from Preston or 
left it voluntarily. Next year, however, 
he accepted the vicarage of Dedham ; 
Smith, op. cit. 59. He had previously 
held Kirkby Lonsdale and Newcastle-on- 
Tyne. 

205 Stanhope was educated at St. John's 
Coll., Camb. ; Admissions (ed. Mayor), 
i, ill ; M.A. 1660. He is said to have 

86 



acted afterwards as chaplain at Hoghton 
Tower ; Smith, op. cit. 60. His son 
George became Dean of Canterbury 
1704 to 1728. 

206 Educated at Oxford ; M.A. 1654, 
D.D. 1672 ; Foster, Alumni. Some 
notice of this vicar has been given under 
Euxton, of which he was curate in 1650. 
Conforming at the Restoration he was 
very tolerant of Dissenters, and became 
popular at Preston and Lancaster, where 
he wag vicar from 1682 till his death in 
1684. His epitaph describes him as 
devoted to the English Reformed Church, 
and faithful to the two Charleses in very 
difficult times; Smith, op. cit. 61-3, 
where his will is given ; Wood, Athenae ; 
Diet. Nat. Biog. 

207 Act Bk. at Chester, fol. 158. 
Neither vicar nor curate is recorded in 
the visitation list of 1691, but James 
Bland, curate, was ' conformable ' in 
1689 ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. 
iv, 230. Birch's will is printed in Smith, 
op. cit. 68. 

He was not liked by some of the more 
influential of his parishioners, who com- 
plained that he did not reside and that 
he disparaged the Prayer Book. Bishop 
Stratford made inquiry and wrote to the 
mayor, showing that some of the charges 
were untrue and other matters would be 
reformed. In particular the vicar was 
willing to restore the daily prayers in the 
church ; Loc. Glean. Lanes, and Ches. ii, 
6, 9. 

208 The Hoghton family were Noncon- 
formists, and from a letter among the 
De Hoghton D. it appears that Sir 
Charles Hoghton gave the nomination of 
Birch's successor to the mayor of Preston 
and others. It is not clear, however, 
that they selected Peploe, who was a 
zealous Whig, afterwards warden of Man- 
chester 1718, and Bishop of Chester 1726, 
when he resigned Preston. Peploe is 
said to have owed these promotions to 
his courage in reading the prayers for 
King George at the time when the 
Jacobite army was actually in possession 
of Preston. He was also very energetic 
in prosecuting Roman Catholics. See 
further in the account of Manchester 
Church. He died in 1752. 

John Stanley was presented 13 Apr. 
1726 by the king, but there does not 
seem to be any record that he was insti- 
tuted ; he at once accepted a rectory at 
Liverpool. 

209 Son of Bishop Peploe, whom he 
succeeded also as warden of Manchester 
in 1738 ; see the account of the church 
there. He resigned Preston in 1743 on 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



Randal Andrews, B.A. 210 . . 
Humphrey Shuttleworth, M.A. 2 
James Penny, M.A. 212 . . . 
Roger Carus Wilson, M.A. 213 . 
John Owen Parr, M.A. 214 . . 
James Hamer Rawdon, M.A. 15 
Hercules Scott Butler, M.A. 216 



Instituted 
30 Apr. 1743 
30 Oct. 1782 

6 Sept. 1809 

I Mar. 1817 
14 Apr. 1840 
12 July 1877 

9 Apr. 1900 

The rectory, having been in the patronage of the 
kings or lords of the honour of Lancaster, was filled by 
a series of royal clerks or busy officials, most of whom 
probably never resided, discharging their priestly 
duties by curates. Hence it was an advantage to the 
church, and no doubt to the parish, when the rectory 
was appropriated to the New College at Leicester and 
a responsible vicar placed in the cure. In addition 
to the chapel at Broughton there seem to have been 
two or three others in the parish,* 17 and for these and 
the chantries there was no doubt a competent staff of 
chaplains. A list of twelve clergy was recorded about 
l $3> ns but the visitation list of 1548 names only 
the vicar, two chantry priests and three others ; in 
1562 there were still the vicar, his curate, the curate 
of Broughton and another. 219 Nothing seems to be 
known of the first Elizabethan vicars, but from the 
character of the district the conformity with the 
religious legislation of the time was little more than 
nominal, and when a convinced Protestant was 
appointed in i 572 he was soon 'in great perplexity ' and 
' many ways threatened of his life for his well doing,' 
i.e. in particular because at Easter he had ' taken the 



Patron 

William Shaw . 
Sir H. Hoghton . 
Sir H. P. Hoghton . 
W. W. Carus Wilson 
Hulme's Trustees . 



PRESTON 

Cause of Vacancy 
res. S. Pcploe 
d. R. Andrews 
res. H. Shuttleworth 
d. J. Penny 
d. R. C. Wilson 
d. J. O. Parr 
res. J. H. Rawdon 



names of all such as would not receive the blessed 
communion,' 22 and because he had captured a ' false 
priest at mass.' m The curate or parish priest whom 
he found in charge, a married man of openly evil 
life, 222 had winked at every abuse and insulted the 
vicar, causing the ' bells to be rung for souls ' when 
the vicar was preaching and telling him to come down 
from the pulpit. The parish clerk was a ' popish 
boy,' who never appeared at church except to make 
such a noise on the organ on Sunday that no one 
could understand the singing. 223 The communion 
table was formed from an old altar, and * altar stones 
and idols' seats ' were still in their places ; even a 
'great number of alabaster images' which had been 
taken down in accordance with the queen's commands 
had been carefully buried in the vicarage garden, but 
the vicar had found and destroyed them. 

This incumbent stayed but a few years and his 
successor, who was ' no preacher,' had tried many 
occupations before becoming a minister. His successors, 
and in particular John Paler, may have been those 
who influenced the Protestant population towards 
Puritanism, so that Vicar Martin seems to have been 



being collated to Tattenhall in Cheshire. 
He died in 1781. 

210 William Shaw presented by grant of 
Sir Henry Hoghton. The new vicar was 
educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxf. ; B.A. 
1732 ; Foster, Alumni. He was curate 
of St. George's, Preston. Being a Whig 
he had many enemies in the town, who 
asserted he had paid for the presentation. 
He died at the Bull's Head, Manchester, 
4 Aug. 1782. His son became vicar of 
Ormskirk. 

211 Educated at Christ Church, Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1760 ; Foster, Alumni. Vicar of 
Kirkham, 1771, king's preacher 1790, 
Canon of York 1791. He resigned 
Preston in 1809, but retained Kirkham 
till his death in 1812. He published 
Lectures on the Creed of Pius IV and 
some anti-Popery tracts. See Fishwick, 
Kirkham (Chet. Soc.), 84-5. 

212 Educated at Oxf. ; M.A. 1784. 
Rector of Chipping (q.v.) 1807-16. 

813 Educated at Trinity Coll., Camb. ; 
M.A. 1818. A monument to him was 
erected in the chancel by public subscrip- 
;ion. 

214 Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1830; Indian chaplain 1821, 
vicar of Durnford 1834, hon. canon 
of Manchester 1853. He wa8 a ' 8 a 
county magistrate. There is a monument 
to him in the chancel. 

815 Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1861 ; incumbent of Shaw 1875, 
hon. canon of Manchester 1890, rector 
of Yelverton 1900. 

216 Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. ; 
M.A. 1877 ; vicar of St. Barnabas', 
Holbeck, 1883, of Farnworth near Bolton 
1894. Hon. canon of Manchester 1908. 

217 As at Fernyhalgh and Barton. 
Kuerden, about 1680, speaks of a foot 
passage 'through the churchyard south- 



ward by the public school and ancient 
place called Ch :pel of Avenham, over 
the Swillbrook,' &c. ; Hardwick, Preston, 
210. Nothing else seems known of this 
chapel. A John ' de Capella ' occurs 
c. 1 240 ; Cockersand Chartul. {,217. A 
lease of the rectory made in 1545 (quoted 
in a petition of 1572) speaks of 'the 
glebe and demesne lands belonging to the 
said church and rectory together with the 
chapels of Broughton, Ribbleton, Ashton 
Bank and Lea, and three burgages in 
Preston,' &c. ; but there has probably 
been some mistake in quoting ; Duchy 
of Lane. Plead. Eliz. xci, F 15. 

118 Smith, op. cit. 20, citing ' a subsidy 
book in the Record Office.' The names 
given fix the date as between 1527 and 
1535. In the same work (p. 19) is 
given a list of seven names, dated 1525, 
from 'the Chapter House Book, B 2/15 
(R.O.) ' ; this is incomplete, as it does 
not contain Thomas Bostock's name. 

219 Visitation lists at Chester. It ap- 
pears that another priest (not named) 
was in 1 548 paid by the corporation in 
accordance with a lease ending in 1560. 
This priest, whose name occurs in the 
list of 1525, was still ministering in 1561, 
though 'somewhat addicted to the ale- 
house, and insufficient ' ; Raines, Chan- 
tries (Chet. Soc.), 205. He does not 
occur in 1562. 

It further appears that the old chantry 
priest and schoolmaster (not named in 
1562) continued to minister ; he was re- 
ported to be ' an unlearned priest," and 
being a recusant was under surveillance 
by the authorities ; Cal. S. P. Dom. Add. 

I547-65. P- 523- 

220 In the Consistory Court Records at 
Chester -is a certificate sent to the vicar 
of Preston c. 1575 stating that Arthur 
Hoghton of Broughton had received ' the 

8? 



holy communion at Easter last in the 
church of Goosnargh according to the 
laws of this our English Church.' 

221 The vicar's letter and his curate's 
reply are printed in Smith, op. cit. 424. 

It was only with the greatest difficulty 
that the judge and jury could be forced 
to convict the priest and others. 

222 His name, William Wall, does not 
seem to occur in the lists of pre-Reforma- 
tion clergy. William Wall, clerk, was 
an in burgess at the guild of 1582, and 
Thomas son of William Wall, clerk, 
deceased, at that of 1602 ; Preston Guild 
R. 32,49. 

The curate in his reply admitted some 
of the serious faults alleged, but said he 
had not taken bribes from recusants to 
conceal their not coming to church, &c. 
He had had a dispute with the vicar about 
the burial of unchristened children ; it 
had never been the custom to bury them 
in the churchyard. The custom of the 
Rogation Days is mentioned : ' During the 
three days before Ascension Day he (the 
curate) went to the cross in the town and 
willed the people to pray to God to prosper 
the fruits of the earth as is appointed by 
the book.' 

223 The singers would have 'no Geneva 
psalm ' before the sermon. The clerk 
in reply admitted 'that he being one 
that can sing and play on the organs and 
a teacher of children to sing, did never 
sing a psalm before the sermon,' but he 
had ' no book of psalms.' 

From what is said in the text it is clear 
that the organ was soon afterwards taken 
down. The next was erected in 1 802 in 
the west gallery ; Smith, op. cit. 257. 
The bequest of Thomas Hoghton, the 
exiled lord of Lea, in 1580, for a pair of 
organs, &c., may be mentioned here ; 
Knox, Life of Card. Allen, 85. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



driven out by this party. 224 In 1637 Lancashire was 
reported to Archbishop Laud as an extremely Puritan 
county ; at Preston and Manchester they called the 
surplices ' the rags of Rome,' and suffered no organs 
in the churches. 225 At the formation of the Presby- 
terian classis in 1646 three Preston aldermen became 
members of it. 226 

There is evidence of a somewhat higher type ofchurch- 
manship in the town after the Restoration, 227 and in the 
last century, under modern conditions, a great change 
has taken place in Preston, as elsewhere, by the pro- 
vision of new churches and schools and a large staff of 
clergy, the new movement being due apparently to 
the Rev. R. C. Wilson, vicar from 1817 to i839- 228 

There were two endowed chantries in the parish 
church, those at the altars of the Rood or Crucifix of 
Jesus and St. Mary. The former is stated to have 
been founded by a Sir Richard Hoghton for the souls 



of his ancestors, and in 1547 John Shepherd was the 
chaplain, and celebrating accordingly. There was no 
plate belonging to it, and the endowment, producing 
j5 is. %d. yearly, was derived from burgages, lands, 
&c., in Preston. 229 In other places William or Richard 
Whalley is called the founder of the Crucifix chantry. 230 
After the confiscation there were numerous disputes 
about the property. 231 The altar of St. Mary is 
mentioned in I349- 232 The chantry thereat was said 
to have been founded by Ellen widow of Henry 
Hoghton for a chaplain to celebrate continually for 
her soul and all Christian souls, and to keep a free 
grammar school. 233 This chantry can be traced back 
to 1430, and seems to have been due to contributions 
from various sources. 234 Nicholas Banaster was the 
incumbent in 1547, and 'by report of the inhabi- 
tants ' the ordinances of the foundation had been 
'well kept and used.' There was no plate, and the 



M4 See the accounts of the vicars above. 

Evidence of Puritan feeling is given by 
the strict prohibition of trading on 'the 
Sabbath Day,' passed by the guild of 
1602. In 1616 the Council ordered house- 
keepers to keep their street doors shut 
during service time on Sabbath days and 
festivals, and to prevent their children 
playing in the streets or sitting in the 
street doors on the Sabbath. Ale-houses 
were regulated, being ordered to close at 
9 p.m. ; Abram, Memorials of the Guilds, 

36, 37- 

In 1625-8 Henry Banister bequeathed 
;6oo ' towards the maintenance and 
settling of a minister or ministers of God's 
Word, if (the trustees) should so think 
fit, to water the dry and barren places in 
the County of Lancaster, where there 
should be greatest want of a preaching 
ministry, to direct the people to the 
glory of God.' With this and other 
sums land in Brockholes was purchased, 
and of the resulting rent-charge of ji6 a 
moiety has since been paid to the vicar of 
Preston ; End. Char. Rep. 1905, p. 742. 
The vicar now applies it to the payment 
of a deaconess and a Church Army 
evangelist. 

125 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1637, p. 26. 

226 Baines, Lanes, (ed. Harland), i, 228. 

M7 See the account of Vicar Birch. 
The full clerical staff probably consisted 
of the vicar, his curate and the curate of 
Broughton. An additional church was 
built in 1716 at Grimsargh and another 
in 1723 at Preston. 

228 T. C. Smith, op. cit. 78. 

829 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 
202-4; Smith, op. cit. 233. It does 
not appear which of several Sir Richards 
founded this chantry ; it may have been 
the founder of one at Ribchester in 1407. 

In 1487 it was found that Alexander 
Hoghton and Elizabeth his wife had a 
chantry in Preston Church, John Trout- 
beck being chaplain, and they were bound 
to maintain the fabric and supply book, 
vestments, &c. ; Raines, loc. cit. 

If this altar were at the end of the 
south aisle, where the Lea burial-place 
was, the crucifix was probably some special 
one, and not the chancel rood. 

880 In 1495 and 1500 the mayor and 
burgesses, being patrons of the chantry 
of the Rood of Preston, demised a burgage 
in Fishergate and an acre of land for forty 
years, rents of los. for each to be paid to 
the priest who should say mass, according 
to the intent of Richard Whalley, founder 
of the same; Kuerden MSS. iv, P 121, 



no. 95, 96. In 1507 Thomas Whalley, 
chaplain, and another surrendered to the 
mayor and others certain lands for the 
enlarging or augmentation of the chantry 
belonging to the altar before the holy 
crucifix within the parish church of St. 
Wilfrid the Bishop in Preston, the priest 
to pray especially for the soul of William 
Whalley, priest, late founder of the same; 
ibid. no. 91, 92. 

From this it appears that Whalley's 
foundation was intended for an additional 
priest at the Rood altar. His benefaction 
seems to have led to disputes with the 
Hoghtons. Thus in 1498 Sir Alexander 
Hoghton nominated William Gaiter to 
celebrate, and in 1500 and 1507 the cor- 
poration named the same priest ; ibid, 
iii, H 9 ; and iv, P 121, no. 76, 79, 86. 

The agreement with the corporation 
was that William Gaiter 'shall say mass 
afore the rood in Preston Kirk three 
days in a week, that is to say Sunday, 
Wednesday and Friday, and he be disposed, 
and to pray for the souls of Richard 
Whalley and his wifes (sic) and William 
Whalley priest his son,' &c. ; and that ' he 
shall keep and maintain God's service to 
his power as St. Mary's priest does ' ; 
and ' be ready to say mass if the mayor 
require him'; ibid, iv, Pi I. The 
charters are in Duchy of Lane. Misc. 
bdle. 2, no. 15. 

Richard Hoghton as feoffee of Richard 
Whalley nominated James Tarleton to 
celebrate in the chantry ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 751. 

In 1527 the chantry before the crucifix 
was held by Thomas Bostock, who had 
been appointed about eleven years before ; 
the Hoghton patronage is admitted ; Duchy 
of Lane. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. John 
Shepherd, named in the text, was the 
priest in 1535 ; Valor Eccl. y, 263. The 
income was then given as 4 41. 10^. clear. 

231 An account of them is given by 
T. C. Smith, op. cit. 235. For grants of 
the chantry lands see Pat. 5 Jas. I, pt. xx, 
and 7 Jas. I, pt. xxxiv. 

982 In that year Adam de Brockholes 
gave his lands in Brockholes to William 
de Elston, charged with a rent of 6s. %d. t 
to continue for a hundred years, for the 
celebration of masses at the altar of B. 
Mary in the church of Preston for the 
souls of Adam and his kindred ; Add. MS. 
32108, fol. 289. 

283 Raines, op. cit. 2057 5 Smith, op. 
cit. 230. Ellen was the wife of Sir 
Henry Hoghton, who died in 1479 ; she 
may have augmented an older foundation. 

88 



The altar was probably at the end of 
the north aisle, afterwards known as 
'Wall's chapel.' 

234 In 1430 the feoffees granted to Ellen 
Young certain property charged with a 
payment of 131. 4^. a year to God and 
B. Mary of the church of Preston for a 
priest celebrating there for the souls of 
John Young and Maud his wife ; Kuer- 
den MSS. iv, P 121. Again in 1456 John 
Inglesle of Preston gave two small rent- 
charges (is. in all) to the wardens (frc- 
curatoribus) of B. Mary the Virgin of the 
church of St. Wilfrid of Preston for the 
souls of himself and Joan his consort ; 
ibid. no. 73. 

In 1470 Margaret widow of Sir Richard 
Hoghton gave burgages on the east side 
of Friargate towards paying the priest 
before St. Mary's altar ; ibid. no. 37. 

Ralph Hoghton son of Margaret, in 
accordance with her intention, gave a 
charge of izd. for the priest singing 
'daily afore our Lady,' the whole tene- 
ment to be so devoted after his wife's 
death ; ibid. no. 94. 

Another deed attributes the endow- 
ment in part to Richard Whalley, whose 
son William, a chaplain, was to hold cer- 
tain lands for life. After his death they 
were to remain to Henry Hoghton and 
other trustees and to the mayor and bur- 
gesses to maintain a chaplain to celebrate 
daily (or at least thrice a week) before 
the image of the B. V. Mary at her altar 
in Preston Parish Church; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 848. 

The mayor, in defending a suit brought 
by Roger Levens, the chantry priest, about 
1522 stated that this chantry had been 
founded by the corporation about 1440 
for ' a priest continually to sing and pray 
for the souls of the said persons, and for 
the prosperity and welfare of the mayor 
and burgesses and other inhabitants of 
the town, within the church of Preston ; 
and every priest so appointed should keep 
a free school within the said town to 
teach the scholars there ' ; Smith, op. cit. 
232 (from Duchy of Lane. Plead. 
Hen. VIII, i, N.D. L 6). It appears that 
Levens' predecessor was named George 
Hale, and had died in 1518. Roger 
Levens was in 1519 admitted to the pos- 
session of copyhold lands in Walton-le- 
Dale belonging to this chantry ; Kuerden 
MSS. iv, P 120, no. 53. 

Again in 1527 the mayor and burgesses 
were returned as patrons of our Lady's 
chantry, of which Henry Coventry was 
chaplain, having held the post about four 



endowment, derived from burgages and lands in 
Preston and Fishwick, was only 3 zs. ^d. a year. 235 

A school can be traced back to the 1 4th century. 236 
Its connexion with a chantry threatened its exis- 
tence, 237 but it seems to have been preserved by the 
corporation, and under their care has developed to its 
present standing. 238 

The principal charities 239 are 
CHARITIES those for education, 240 medical 241 and 
religious purposes 242 ; but there are 
in addition a considerable number of smaller benefac- 
tions for the benefit of the poor by gifts of money, 
food, clothing, apprentices' fees, and other ways. None 
of them appear to be intended for the whole parish ; 
some are restricted to the borough of Preston, and 
others to particular townships or groups. 243 

Catherine Pennington in 1871 left ^1,000 for the 
benefit of poor women in the town and neighbour- 
hood of Preston, to be distributed by the wardens of 
Church of England parishes. The total income is 
29 zs. $d., and it is distributed according to the 
founder's wish. 244 Margaret Becconsall in 1872 left 
money to the New Jerusalem Church, one-seventh 



PRESTON 

being for poor members ot the congregation ; 
7 9/. 6d. is distributed accordingly among from five 
to nine persons. William Edmundson in 1735 left 
$o to buy bread for the prisoners at Lancaster and 
Preston ; half the income, 6 los. %d., is given to 
assist prisoners discharged from Preston Gaol, usually 
by gifts of clothing or travelling expenses. Mary 
Cross in 1889 gave 600, now producing ij 14*. 
a year, for the poor of the borough ; the income is 
distributed in small money doles. The benefits of 
the Harris Orphanage in Fulwood are available for 
children whose parents reside within eight miles of 
Preston Town Hall. This includes the whole parish 
of Preston and large parts of the adjacent parishes. 248 
For the township of Preston several apprenticing 
charities have been absorbed into the grammar school 
endowments, 246 but the combined gifts of Dorothy 
Cosney (1678) 247 and John Dawson (1698) are now 
applicable in part for apprenticing and in part for 
medical relief, nursing, &C. 248 Some gifts, amounting 
to 14. 14.;. Afd.y have been combined with the 
mayor's dole. 249 The almshouses have been pulled 
down, 250 the bread money has ceased, 251 and some 



years ; Duchy of Lane. Rentals, bdle. 5, 
no. 15. Nicholas Banaster was the 
incumbent in 1535 ; Valor Eccl, v, 263. 
The revenue was 61 s. 

835 The chantry lands were in 1556 
granted by Mary to the Savoy Hospital, 
which she revived ; Anderton D. (Mr. 
Stonor). 

286 In a disturbance at St. Mary Mag- 
dalene's Chapel in May 1358 John the 
Clerk of Broughton, master of the schools 
of Preston, was among those incriminated ; 
Assize R. 439, m. z, 

Raines (Chantries, 206) quotes from 
the registers of the Archdeacon of Rich- 
mond the appointment of Richard Mar- 
shall in 1399 to the grammar schools at 
P-reston. Marshall was enrolled as a 
burgess in 1415 ; Preston Guild R. 9. 

287 The story is given in Fishwick's 
Preston, 204-12. 

Peter Carter, the schoolmaster who 
died in 1590, was author of Annotations 
on Seton's Logic ; see Diet. Nat. Biog. 

238 See article on ' Schools,' V.C.H. 
Lanes, ii, 569, and End. Char. Rep. Pres- 
ton, 1905. 

839 An official inquiry was made in 
Oct. 1904, and the report, published in 
1905, includes a reprint of that of 1824. 
Some earlier charities are recorded by 
Bishop Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 465. 

240 The Grammar School, Blue School, 
and Harris Institute and Free Library 
are the principal of these. 

241 The Royal Infirmary has an endow- 
ment of 2,148 a year; the Industrial 
Institute for the Blind has about 300. 
Mary Cross's gift for poor deaf and dumb 
children, founded in 1899, produces an 
income of 31. 

242 The Blue School, founded by Roger 
Sudell in 1702 in a cottage in Minspit 
Weind, off Fishergate, is now absorbed 
in the schools attached to the parish 
church. The founder desired the vicar 
' to appoint a sober and religious person 
for a catechist, of the communion of the 
Church of England, to catechize and 
teach in the said school the poorest chil- 
dren of Preston and of the parish of 
Preston, gratis, the true fear and worship 
of God, and to teach them to read Eng- 
lish, that they might be better enabled to 
attain to holiness.' 



Maria Holland in 18737 gave a capi- 
tal fund of nearly 20,000 to found St. 
Joseph's Orphanage for destitute female 
children and for other charitable pur- 
poses, of which 1,106 was devoted to 
an institution for the sick poor, providing 
an endowment of 38 131. ^d. 

There are various smaller endowments 
for religious purposes. 

148 The details here given are taken 
from the report of 1905. 

144 A smaller gift of the same kind 
was made by William Cooton in 1876, 
by which 40 came to the poor of St. 
Saviour's, Preston. The interest (281.) 
is distributed by the vicar in small doles 
of money and provisions. 

845 End. Char. Rep. Lane. 1902. 

246 George Rogerson in 1619 charged 
his lands in Broughton with 13 a year, 
payable 9 to the mayor of Preston for 
apprenticing and 4 to the mayor of Lan- 
caster for the prisoners there. Henry 
Banister in 1625 left sums including 200 
towards the apprenticing of poor children 
of Preston ; this is now represented by the 
moiety of a rent-charge of i 6. Thomas 
Winckley in 1710 left 50 for appren- 
ticing. Henry Rishton and Eleanor his 
wife in 1738 gave 300 for the poor, of 
which half the interest was for appren- 
ticing poor children. These sums with 
various accumulations are intact ; but, as 
applications for apprentice fees ceased, no 
grants having been made since 1855, the 
gross income (about 55) is applied to 
scholarships at the grammar school. 

247 Her main gift was 100 for 
'twelve pious men or widows,' but she 
added 6, the interest whereof was to be 
spent in entertaining the trustees at the 
' Hind ' or elsewhere. The Hind Inn 
is mentioned by John Taylor the ' Water 
Poet' in 1618. 

248 His gift was 100 for the poor and 
for apprenticing in alternate years. 

The combined charity, represented by 
a rent-charge of 10 los. on the 'Three 
Legs of Man ' in Preston, with accumula- 
tions of 289, is administered under a 
scheme of the Charity Commissioners 
made in 1 904. The gross income is 
18 i2j. 4-d., of which 8 is for 
nursing, subscriptions to dispensaries, 
supply of clothes, &c., and the residue 

8 9 



primarily for apprenticing, and then 
(should there be any balance) for outfit on 
entering a trade, or on passage money or 
outfit of emigrants. 

J49 Henrietta Rigby in 1741 left 100 
to the vicar and the mayor for the benefit 
of six poor widows, housekeepers in 
Preston. The capital is held by the 
corporation ; z a year is distributed by 
the mayor to three poor widows, and z 
likewise by the vicar. 

William Rishton in 1729 left 100 to 
the mayor and aldermen, the interest to 
be given to the poor at Christmas. This 
is preserved, the mayor distributing 4 
in doles of is. each. 

Thomas Hogkinson in 1697 be- 
queathed 50 for the poor, and in respect 
of it 2 is distributed by the mayor at 
Christmas in doles of is, to zs. 6d. 

Elizabeth Parker in 1757, acting 
according to the desire of her father 
Joseph Chorley, gave a rent-charge of 4 
on land at Claughton (as the interest of 
100), half to go to the poor of Preston. 
This z is now distributed by the mayor 
in gifts of zs. 6d. each. 

A moiety of the gift of Henry and 
Eleanor Rishton, already named, has 
recently been administered by the mayor ; 
but this appears to be an irregularity. 
The amount is 4 141. 4</. 

250 Bartholomew Worthington, a bene- 
factor of the grammar school, in 1663 
directed his wife to build a small alms- 
house on the waste near Fishergate bars. 
It was built, but there was no endowment, 
and, on its falling into decay, the materials 
were sold, and the money, with an 
addition, applied to build an almshouse 
at the east end of the town. Here there 
had been a range of almshouses, of un- 
known origin, managed by the corpora- 
tion, which in 1790 were replaced by six 
houses, Worthington's being a seventh. 
The corporation nominated the inmates. 
There were three other almshouses occu- 
pied by poor persons put in by the mayor. 
The almshouses were sold in 1835, the 
corporation being under no known obli- 
gation to maintain them. 

351 It was a sum of 301. a year paid 
out of the Blue Coat charity fund for 
bread for the poor on Sacrament days 
It ceased about 1812. 

12 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



charities have been lost. 252 There remain, however, 
a number of others, so that over 30 a year is given 
in money doles, 253 the gifts of bread having ceased. 

The township of Barton has a poor's stock of 
unknown origin, represented by 78 5/. 8</. consols. 
The interest, 39.;., is divided between poor persons in 
the township. In 1904 there were only two, both 
imbeciles. Miss Mary Cross of Myerscough in 1889 
gave 200 for the poor, and the income is divided 
as the preceding charity. 

William Daniel of Broughton in 1656 gave land 
there to trustees, charging it with 2Os. for the main- 
tenance of a grammar school in the township, or in 
default for the repair of the church and church 
bridges. His widow added 20, and the trustees 
were able to purchase the land for the poor. In 
1734, after the payment of 2Os. as directed, the rent 
was applicable to the purchase of white kersey for 
coats for the poor, 254 for binding apprentices, buying 
Bibles or other orthodox books, a preference being 
had to widows, householders and dwellers in Broughton 
Row. The charity is still known as the Petticoat 
Charity, though for a long time only money has been 
given. The land now produces ij a year gross ; 
1 is paid to the school, and the rest in sums from 
5/. to 4 among the aged poor of Broughton, being 
Protestants. The fourth part of Thomas Houghton's 
charity, already described, is distributed in sums of 
money varying from 2s. 6d. to 2$s. A small rent of 
is. 6d. from Almond's Croft has been lost, the place 
not being known now. Miss Damaris Dixon in 1 895 
bequeathed 1,000 for the benefice of Broughton, 
1,000 for the benefit of the poor, and $o for the 
repair of her grave in the churchyard there. The money 
for the poor, producing 30 a. year, is given to the 
sick, partly in money, partly by paying doctors' bills. 

The township of Grimsargh has a share in that 
fourth part of Thomas Houghton's charity which is 
due to Preston. By custom a third of the Preston 
share is given, and the money, 26s. %d. in 1903, is 
distributed on St. Thomas's Day in money doles. 
John Charnley in 1737 charged his land at Pen- 
wortham with various sums, including 2Os. yearly for 
the poor of Grimsargh. In 1824 the land 255 was 
owned by the representatives of one Henry Dawson, 



who died in 1823, and the money was distributed by 
the constable of the township to poor housekeepers. 
The payment was discontinued in 1 88 1, no reason 
being assigned. A charge of 3 15^. a year for the 
use of the poor of Brockholes existed as early as 1650. 
The lands charged, known as the Boylton estate, 
were purchased by William Cross in 1808. The 
charge has been commuted and the capital is repre- 
sented by 125 6s. consols, now yielding 3 2s. Id. 
a year. This is allowed to accumulate, as there are 
no poor persons in the hamlet. 

The townships of Elston and Ribbleton benefit 
equally by the charity founded by John Farington in 
1670. He gave his tenement in Elston to bind 
children apprentices or to benefit the poor in other 
ways. As early as 1824 there were no cottagers in 
Elston, all the poor belonging to it residing elsewhere, 
and from two to eight persons sharing the interest. 
At Ribbleton the rents of a number of poor persons 
were paid and other help given. At the present time 
the land gives a rent of 78, and accumulations of 
over 10,000 are invested in consols. Of the total 
income, 145 ijs. \d. is spent on education, and 
193 8j. 5</. is applicable for the benefit of the poor 
in various ways in accordance with an order of the 
Charity Commissioners in iSgo. 256 For Elston the 
charity is scarcely required : for Ribbleton there is 
more demand, chiefly for gifts of clothes, food, fuel, 
and aid in sickness. Elston by itself receives a third 
part of the fourth share of Thomas Houghton's 
charity appropriated to Elston and Alston ; the 
i 6s. Sd. received in 1903 was given to Grimsargh. 
Ribbleton by itself had two charities : the Luck Field 
in Brockholes and a rent-charge of 5 los. out of an 
estate in Elston known as Willacy's Tenement. The 
former, 257 augmented by a share of Ribbleto i Moor, 
on inclosure in 1870, was sold in 1873 and the price 
(345) invested in consols, and, as no distribution 
was made, the capital increased to 608 by 1892, 
when a scheme was made similar to that for the 
Farington gift. The income is 19 3/. 4</., but only 
a small part is used. The rent-charge, commuted, 
with accumulations was in 1869 invested in 307 
consols, and the income, ' not being required in the 
township,' continued to accumulate ; but in recent 



SM These included zo given by Seth 
Bushell, whose memorial brass has been 
mentioned, and other sums amounting to 
about 290, with rent-charges of 905. 
All had been 'lost' before 1824. It is 
possible that they had been used to build 
the above-mentioned almshouses and to 
found ' Brown's Charity.' The bene- 
factions were for the poor, for distribu- 
tions of bread, and ' for buying Bibles 
and Testaments for the poorer sort of 
boys who should be taught at the grammar 
school.' 

258 Thomas Addison in 1729 charged 
land called Davil Meadows, near Preston 
Marsh, with a rent of 5 for twenty poor 
housekeepers. About 1820 the land be- 
longed to John Grimshaw, and in 1904 to 
T. Coulthard and Co. The rent-charge 
is still paid. Thomas Houghton in 1649 
gave land in Woodplumpton, now known 
as Houghton House Farm, for the poor of 
various townships ; the gross rent paid is 
,67, the share of Preston being about 
2 13*. 4-J. Mrs. Smith in 1710 gave 
^10 to found a bread charity, and the 
money was (with other funds) invested 



in land in Whittingham ; the share of 
the income due to the Smith charity is 
2 41. 4<f. These three charities are ad- 
ministered together. Till recently bread 
or tickets for bread were given on St. 
Thomas's Day to poor persons, members 
of the Church of England ; but money is 
now given instead. 

What is known as Brown's charity is 
the result of various gifts of ancient and 
unknown origin, represented by a share 
(now 5) of the rent of land in Kirkham, 
distributed by the vicar of Preston in 
Christmas doles of zs. 6d. each to poor 
widows. 

Thomas Crooke in 1688 charged lands 
called Shaw, in Alston, with various 
sums, including 4 for the poor of 
Preston, to be distributed on Shrove 
Tuesday. Richard Hoghton in 1613 
gave land called Woodcrook in Whitting- 
ham for charities, including 15$. payable 
every Good Friday at the font stone 
within the parish church of Preston. 
The whole rent of this land is given, and 
one fourth is paid to Preston. The 
amount, z igs. n.A, is distributed with 

9 



Crooke's, to poor persons belonging to 
the Church of England, in money doles. 

Anne Oliver in 1825 bequeathed 300 
for the benefit of the poor, to be dis- 
tributed by the incumbent of St. George's. 
The income is now ,6 1 5*. %d., and is 
distributed by the vicar, partly at Christ- 
mas time and partly during the year, in 
money doles. 

Anne widow of Nicholas Winckley in 
1779 gave 100 for the benefit of poor 
widows. The interest, z izs. 4^., is 
divided equally among poor widows of 
the ecclesiastical parishes of St. Saviour, 
Holy Trinity and St. Matthew. 

254 The trustees were to have ' a par- 
ticular respect to those who should be 
most sober, honest and industrious, and 
frequenters of the Protestant churches.' 

255 It is called Crabby Nook. 

256 The money may be applied in sub- 
scriptions to hospitals, &c., provident 
societies, paying nurses, or providing cost 
of outfit, emigrants' passage-money, 
clothes, tools, &c., money gifts, or in 
other ways. 

257 The origin of it is unknown. 



years small weekly gifts of groceries, &c., in the 
nature of pensions have been given. The capital is 
now 6 1 8, producing about 14 6s. a year. 

Edmund Robert Harris of Ashton in 1876 left 
j5oo to provide a fund for gifts of clothing, bedding, 
&c., to the poor of Ashton, Lea, Ingol and Cottam 
on St. Thomas's Day yearly. The income is i$, 
which is now usually given in money doles. 



PRESTON 
Prestune, Dom. Bk. ; Preston, 1 1 69 



Prestone, 



1292. 

Approached from the south, Preston, in spite of 
its factory chimneys, has a pleasing appearance, as 
across the broad stream of the Ribble, which forms 
the foreground, two well-planted public parks occupy 
the ascending bank at the other side. The town 
hall, which has a lofty clock-tower, 1 is about half a 
mile north of the river, and from it the principal 
thoroughfare of the town, the wide street called 
Fishergate, goes west to the railway station, and then 
turning to the south-west descends to the river- 
side, 1 and bending south 3 along the Ribble reaches 
Penwortham Bridge. The continuation of Fishergate 
east from the town hall is called Church Street, 4 the 
parish church standing on its south side ; after a short 
time it divides into three main branches to the 
south-east and south as Stanley Street 5 and London 
Road, crossing Fishwick to reach Ribble Bridge, the 
main road southward ; to the east, as Ribbleton 
Lane, to Ribchester ; and to the north as Deepdale 
Road, in which stands the Infirmary. East from 
Stanley Street begins New Hall Lane, which goes 
past the cemetery and is continued as the Blackburn 
Road. On the north side of the town hall is the 
open market place, around which may be seen the 
Harris Free Library, the new sessions house, 6 com- 
pleted in 1903, and the post-office, opened in the 
same year. 7 An obelisk in the square commemorates 
the local men who fell in the Boer War. From this 
square Friargate leads north-west for about a quarter 
of a mile, when it divides ; Moor Lane leads north, 
past Moor Park and then across Fulwood to Garstang 
and Lancaster, while the Fylde road goes west to 
Kirkham. From Fishergate Lune Street goes north 

1 The building was designed by Sir 
G. G. Scott. The spire is 150 ft. high. 
1 Here it is called Fishergate Hill. 

3 Here called Broadgate. 

4 Anciently Kirkgate. 

5 Formerly Finkale Street. 

8 It has a tower 179 ft. high. The 
county records are preserved in this build- 
ing, having been collected from different 
repositories. The borough sessions house 
is near. 

7 For the development of the local 
post office see Hewitson, Preston, 336-41. 

8 The area of the county borough, ac- 
cording to the Census Report of 1901, is 
3,971 acres. It is that of the old town- 
ship, together with the whole of Fish- 
wick, large parts of Ashton and Ribble- 
ton, and bits of Grimsargh and Pen- 
wortham ; these were all united into one 
township or civil parish in 1894.; Loc. 
Govt. Bd. Order 31607. The 3,971 
acres include 79 of inland water ; there 
are besides 85 acres of tidal water and 
14 of foreshore. 

9 The population of the larger area of 
the county borough was 112,989. 



10 The station was on the site of the 
existing one. These details are derived 
chiefly from A. Hewitson, op. cit. 199, 
&c. 

11 The station was on the north side 
of Fishergate, but was soon afterwards 
connected with the station on the south 
side, the line being thus made con- 
tinuous. 

12 The Blackburn terminui occupies 
its original position. 

18 The Southport (West Lancashire) 
line had its terminus in Fishergate Hill. 

14 The terminus was in Maudlands. 

1& Foot passengers can also cross the 
Ribble by the East Lancashire railway 
bridge, that to Blackburn, by a side walk. 
This bridge had fifty-seven arches in all, 
mostly south of the river, but nearly all 
have now been covered by an embank- 
ment. 

16 St. Stephen's cross is named in un- 
dated deeds ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 1486, 
1543, fol. 308, &c. Fishwick cross, 
probably on the boundary, is named in 
1339 (ibid. no. 1614) and the Butter 
cross * 1562; ibid. no. 847. See also 

91 



PRESTON 

to Friargate, and from Church Street Lancaster Road 
and North Road run north to join Moor Lane. On 
the south side of Fishergate Chapel Street, passing 
Winckley Square, goes down to the two parks by 
the Ribble, already mentioned, Avenham Park and 
Miller Park. In Winckley Square there is a statue 
of Sir Robert Peel, erected in 1852, and in Miller 
Park one of the fourteenth Earl of Derby, 1873. 
In Avenham Park are two of the Russian guns 
captured in the Crimea. Cross Street, in which is 
the grammar school, begins on the east side of 
Winckley Square ; while lower down Avenham Lane, 
an old thoroughfare, leads circuitously from the park, 
by Stonygate, to the parish church. 

The whole township, which has an area of 2,127 
acres, 8 is covered with a network of streets of dwelling- 
houses and shops, among which rise the numerous 
great cotton-spinning factories and other works which 
produce the town's wealth. There was a population 
of 101,297 in 1901.' 

The different railways had formerly separate termini, 
but now all are made to meet at the large station 
in Fishergate. The London and North-Western 
Company's main line to Scotland is formed of the 
Wigan and Preston Railway, opened in l838, 10 and 
the Preston and Lancaster Railway, 1840." The 
Lancashire and Yorkshire Company's system has 
amalgamated the lines joining Preston with Black- 
burn, 1 * Bolton, Liverpool and Southport. 13 The two 
companies together hold the Wyre Railway M and the 
Preston and Longridge line, which latter has a station 
in Deepdale Road, its original terminus in 1840. 
The Lancaster Canal, first formed in 1798, begins 
on the north side of Fishergate, near the railway. 

The railways have three bridges across the Ribble ; 
there is only one bridge for ordinary traffic, that to 
Penwortham, and another for foot passengers, viz. 
the old tramway bridge at Avenham Park. 16 

Fairs are held annually in the first week of each 
year for horses, on 27 March, 25 August and 
7 November for cattle and earthenware, and on the 
last Friday of March, June and November for cheese. 

Though the town has a pleasant aspect and a long 
history, its buildings are all modern. The ancient 
crosses and wells have gone. 16 In addition to public 
buildings there are banks, 17 clubs 18 and theatres. 

Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 156-62. 
The crosses known were the high cross 
in the market-place, afterwards replaced 
by an obelisk ; a butter cross in Cheap- 
side ; a cross near New Street and another 
in Friargate, and one on the Moor. Our 
Lady's Well was near the Friary. The 
butter cross was taken down in 1739 by 
order of the corporation, and the 
materials used to repair the market- 
place, as appears by the records. 

17 The Old Bank was opened in 1776 ; 
for a long time the Pedder family were 
chief proprietors. It failed in 1861. 
See Hewitson, op. cit. 238, where is 
given a view of the house (c. 1690) in 
which business was done. 

The Preston Banking Company, 
founded in 1844, had its head office in 
Fishergate. It has been absorbed by the 
London City and Midland Bank. Four 
other banks have branch offices. 

The Savings Bank was opened in 1816. 

18 These include the Conservative Club, 
the Reform Club and the Winckley Club. 
In 1824 there were two news-rooms, one 
in the coffee-house in Church Street and 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



The earliest theatre of which there is any record was 
near Fishergate, and described as 'old in 1762. 
The present Theatre Royal in Fishergate was built 
in 1802 and the Gaiety or Prince's Theatre in 
Tithebarn Street in 1882." The old sports of cock- 
fighting, bull-baiting, &c., have been suppressed. 20 
The old-time punishments of cuckstool, pillory and 
stocks have likewise ceased.* 1 Archery used to be 
practised on the Spital Moss. M 

For more than a century the cotton manufacture 
has been the staple industry of Preston. There are, 
however, a number of minor ones : breweries, iron 
and brass foundries and engineering works, soap 
manufactories, and others, including one of the few 
in England of gold and silver laces and embroideries. 

The total abstinence movement found zealous 
propagation in Preston, which is popularly known 
as ' the birthplace of Teetotalism ' of the word at 
least." 

The history of the manor of PRESTON 
MANOR is bound up with that of the hundred, 
of which it was the head.* 4 Its ancient 
assessment was six plough-lands. The lords of 
Amounderness and subsequently the lords of the 
honour of Lancaster were lords of Preston also, 25 and 
though the manor seems once or twice to have been 
granted out,* 6 the gift had no permanent result. The 
king, therefore, as Duke of Lancaster, became lord of 



the manor of Preston, but the corporation, by obtain- 
ing a grant of the feudal dues at a fixed rent, became 
immediate lords of the manor, which lordship was 
finally secured by their purchase of the rent in 
1676. 

An extent of the manor made in 1244 showed 
that if the town had remained in the king's hands it 
would have yielded over 20 a year* 7 ; while 
another extent a century later showed that in addition 
to the fee-farm rent of ^15 paid by the community, 
the Earl of Lancaster received only 51^. zd. a year, 
derived, it would appear, from tenements which had 
escheated to him and been granted out again.* 8 

The borough may have been created 
BOROUGH by Roger of Poitou, 29 and there is an 
allegation that Henry I granted a 
charter inn oo, so but this is probably an error. The 
first extant charter is one granted in or about 1179 
by Henry II conceding to 'his burgesses of Preston' 
the borough therefore already .existing all the 
liberties and free customs of Newcastle-under-Lyme, 
saving the king's right of administering justice. 31 
John in 1 1 99 confirmed both his father's charter 
and one he had himself granted while Count of 
Mortain, adding the whole toll of the wapentake, 
and a free fair on 1 5 August lasting for a week ; also 
the right of pasture in Fulwood and liberty to take 
wood for building on view of the forester. 3 * Henry III 



the other adjoining the Town Hall ; the 
two, it was then said, connoted ' ancient 
and modern Preston ; the coffee room is 
the resort of the gentry and men of 
leisure, and the Guildhall room affords 
its more ample accommodation to com- 
mercial gentlemen and tradesmen ' ; 
Baines, Lanes. Dir. ii, 499. 

19 Hewitson, op. cit. 354. 

80 Ibid. 1 1 8. A view of the cock-pit 
is given ; it was near the south-west 
corner of the parish church. 

Horse-races were run on Preston Moor 
from 1726 to 1791. 

For a Corpus Christi play about 1620 
see Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Notes, ii, 27. 
The Easter-egg rolling in 1882 is spoken 
of in Pal. Note-bk. ii, 108. 

J1 The pillory was last used at Preston 
in 1814; Hewitson, Preston, 126. The 
stocks, in the churchyard, were in use 
till 1825 ; ibid. Ct. Leet Rec. 68. 

82 Hewitson, Preston, 126. 

23 Ibid. 226-30 ; a facsimile of the 
first pledge, I Sept. 1832, is given, with 
the signatures of the 'seven men of 
Preston,' including that of Joseph Livesey, 
the best known of them. 

* 4 See the account of Amounderness. 

25 Thus in 1292 Edmund, brother 
of the king, proved that he was lord of 
the manor ; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. 
Com.), 388. In 1361 Preston was 
among the manors of Blanche daughter 
of Henry Duke of Lancaster ; Fine 
R. 162, m. 17. 

86 Soon after the Conquest the manor 
was granted to Warine Busscl, who held 
it for a time ; Lanes. Inq. and Extentt 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 35. 

Again in 1254-5 the manor of Preston, 
probably in Amounderness, was given by 
Prince Edward to Master Richard the 
Physician ; Pat. 49 Hen. Ill, m. 82. 

In 1400 the king granted 10 marks a 
year for life out of the profits of the vill 
of Preston ; Duchy of Lane. Misc. Bks. 
xv, foL 21. 

27 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 1 5 8-9 ; 



the lands to the ploughing of four ploughs 
would yield 6, the fisheries the same, 
the markets 3 and the mills jTz, 
toll and stallages the same, perquisites 
of pleas 135. 4</., meadows and pastures 
the same ; escheats in the king's hands 
produced 6s. 8d. 

To various tallages Preston paid as 
follows: 1176-7, aid, 1 6 IQJ. ; 1205, 
tallage, 10 4*. ; 1213-15, pleas of the 
forest, 2 6s. Sd. ; 1226, 10 os. 6d. ; 
1248-9, 12; 1261, 20 135. 4^.; 
Farrer, Lanes. Fife R. 35, 202, 251 ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 135, &c. 

As implied above, escheated lands were 
the king's. From a house escheated 2s. 
was accounted for in 1184-5 5 Farrer, 
op. cit. 54. In 1201 2 Alexander de 
Preston recovered a toft of which Roger 
de Leicester had disseised him ; ibid. 132. 
Again in 1226 the farm of a house which 
had been Harvey's (hanged) amounted to 
31. 8d. ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 138. 
In 1256-8 escheats in Preston produced 
2 is. gd. during eighteen months ; ibid. 
i, 222. These were in part held by 
Richard le Boteler, who paid js. 6d. a 
year in 1258-62 ; ibid. 230. 

38 Add. MS. 32103, fol. 147 ; of 1346. 
For escheats William Chapman paid 
51. 6d. (an increase of is. 6d.) and John 
de Ashton ios., in addition to izd. to the 
earl (part of the 15 fee-farm rent) and 
<)d. to the Prior of Lytham. This latter 
tenement had belonged to Adam Buk- 
monger, for whom see Final Cone. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 15. 

The free tenants were : Nicholas de 
Preston, holding i acre for which he paid 
izd. ; John Marshal and John Bennet, 
in right of their wives Ellen and 
Christiana, daughters of Richard Marshal 
each paying zs. 6d. for half a burgage ; 
Robert son of Henry Maggeson, a bur- 
gage (once burnt by the Scots), 4*. ; 
Nicholas son of Henry Williamson, four 
plots of land, by Court Roll, 41. 8</. ; 
Thomas de Yomb(er)gh, a messuage 
lately belonging to Roger son of John de 

92 



Wich, 5*. ; Henry Chapman, a messuage, 
ioj. ; Albred son of Robert and Alice his 
wife, a toft for life, zs. ; an acre in the 
hands of the friars (held in alms) had 
formerly paid 4.5. ; it was used for the 
channel conveying the water to their 
house. 

a9 This was the opinion of Miss Bate- 
son, who discussed the Custumal of the 
town in Engl. Hist. Rev. xv, 496-512. 

80 Sir Thomas Walmesley about 1600 
certified that he had seen a charter to the 
burgesses so dated ; Abram, Memorials 
of Preston Guilds, i. The charter of 
Henry II may have been dated by him 
conjecturally i Hen., for if there was an 
earlier one extant it seems unaccountable 
that it was not named or included in the 
confirmations of the charter of Henry II 
by successive kings. 

81 Ibid. 2, 3. The charter was given at 
Winchester, where the king spent the 
Christmas of 1179. The year is not 
named in the deed itself, but gathered 
from the place and from the names of the 
witnesses. 

In the Pipe Rolls of 1179-82 it is 
recorded that the men of Preston gave 
100 marks for the charter ; Farrer, Lanes. 
Pipe R. 42, 46. The customs of New- 
castle at that date are not known. 

82 Abram, op. cit. 3 ; Cal. Rot. Chart. 
(Rec. Com.), 26. From the wording of 
the confirmation it may be gathered that 
the additions of the fair, pasturage, &c., 
had been made by John when Count of 
Mortain, 1189-94. The charter is dated 
at Le Mans, 18 Oct. 1199. 

The burgesses paid 60 marks and four 
chaseurs for the grant; Farrer, op. cit. 1 16. 
There was a dispute in 1201 as to the 
right of gaol ; ibid. 130, 136. 

The fairs are mentioned in a charter 
of a few years later by which William de 
Millom and Avice his wife (see Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents, i, 40) gave to Henry son 
of William son of Swain the fourth part 
of two burgages (in Preston), formerly 
tenanted by Norasius and Aldwin, with 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



confirmed all in 1227.** Edward III in 1328 con- 
firmed the foregoing acts of his progenitors, adding 
liberty of a weekly market on Wednesday and an 
annual fair of five days, 27 to 31 October. 34 This 
charter was granted five months after the holding of 
the first recorded guild merchant, at which it was 
expressly stated that ' the king gives the freedom to 
the burgesses which are in the guild and to none 
other.' 35 The guild is not named in any of the 
charters, but may be implied in the ' customs of 
Newcastle,' which town certainly had a guild in 
the time of Henry III.* 6 The charters here de- 
scribed are known by their recital in later confir- 
mations ; only one, that of 1199, is preserved at 
Preston. 

In 1292 the borough was called upon to show its 
authority for the rights of lordship exercised, and the 
bailiffs and community replied that their liberties 
and fair were granted by charter, except gallows and 
infangenthef, which were derived from ancient 
custom, this latter being also the origin of their 



weekly market. 87 The town had a moiety of the 
Kibble fihery. 38 

The Custumal of Preston in its present form may 
date from the charter of I328, 39 but had probably 
originated long before and been augmented from 
different sources. 40 The need of such a document 
had been shown by the proceedings of 1292. The 
first clauses, beginning ' Ita quod,' without an intro- 
ductory phrase, establish the guild merchant with 
exclusive rights of trading, except at the burgesses' 
will. It appears that anyone 41 could become a 
burgess if he liked ; all that was necessary was for 
him to pay I ^d. to the ' prefect ' and then the 
' pretors ' would assign him a burgage plot, which 
must have a frontage of 1 2 ft. at least, and on which, 
should there be no dwelling, he must build one 
within forty days. 41 Various clauses regulate the 
procedure in market 43 and court 44 ; a burgess was 
expected to attend three port-motes in the year, and 
must attend each great port-mote. 45 The fines, except 
in one or two cases, were not to exceed 1 2<^. 46 ; trial 



all appurtenances, white gloves being 
payable at Preston fairs ; Lytham D. at 
Durham, 3 a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 3. The 
grantee was rector of Whittington, and 
his son Henry gave the tenement to 
Lytham Priory ; ibid. no. 2. 

38 Abram, op. cit. ; dated Westminster, 
1 6 Mar. 1226-7. 

The same king at Windsor, 29 Oct. 
1252, allowed that an appropriation of 
324 acres which the burgesses had made 
under Fulwood belonged to the borough 
and not to the king's wood. The boun- 
dary reached to Eves Brook from Ribble- 
ton Scales to the point where the brook 
fell into the Savock, and then along the 
Savock to the old dyke which formed the 
boundary between Preston and Tulketh. 
Thui the land seems to have been what 
was later known as Preston Moor. The 
burgesses had liberty to cultivate the land 
as they pleased, up to within 40 perches 
of the cover of Fulwood, and their old 
rights of turbary outside and of fencing 
wood within Fulwood were admitted 5 
CaL Chart. R. 1226-57, p. 406. 

In 1227 a five years' grant of dead wood 
from Fulwood for burning had been made 
to the men of Preston ; CaL Pat. 1225-32, 

p. 112. 

84 Abram, op. cit. 4 ; dated Westmin- 
ster, 27 Nov. 1328. Four charters were 
produced those of Henry II, John, and 
Henry III (2). The insfeximus is re- 
corded in Chart. R. 2 Edw. Ill, m. i, 
no. 6. 

35 Abram, op. cit. 8. The first clause 
of the Custumal seems to be referred to 
'That they [the burgesses] may have a 
guild merchant with hanse and other 
customs and liberties appertaining to that 
guild.' 

86 The charter, dated 18 Sept. 1235, is 
printed in Farrer, op. cit. 414. It may 
have been merely a confirmation of the 
liberties referred to in the charter granted 
by Henry II to Preston. It allowed a 
guild merchant with all its liberties ; the 
burgesses might pass through the king's 
dominions, trading freely, and quit of 
toll, passage, pontage, ulnage, &c., and 
themselves have in their borough soc and 
sac, toll, infangenthef, and other jurisdic- 
tions. Similar liberties for Preston are 
recorded in clause 4 of the Custumal. 

In 1551 two inhabitants of Preston 
complained that they had been compelled 



to pay tolls at sundry places in Yorkshire. 
For Pontefract it was alleged that the 
right to charge dues was earlier than the 
exemption claimed ; Duchy of Lane. 
Plead. Edw. VI, xxviii, B 2. 

y PUc. deQuo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 385. 
The charter they alleged was that of King 
John (i 199), still extant. They paid 15 
a year to the king for their liberties. The 
weekly market, nominally held on Wed- 
nesday, was actually on Saturday. As the 
charter did not specify the liberties, and 
as the burgesses were not able to prove 
the customs of Newcastle, the town lost 
its cause for the moment. The ' gallows ' 
does not reappear. 

88 Ibid. 387. The lord of Penwortham 
had the other moiety. 

89 The Custumal is printed in Engl. 
Hist. Rev. xv, 496-500, with a commen- 
tary by Miss Mary Bateson, who divided 
the document into forty-eight paragraphs. 
She considers that the phrase at the end, 
de lege Brctonica, refers to the laws of 
Breteuil, on which the statutes of a 
number of early English boroughs were 
founded ; ibid. 73, 302 see especially 
p. 318, where the phrase lex Britannie 
occurs. A reduced facsimile of the Cus- 
tumal is given in Fishwick's Preston, 1 6. 

The date is inferred from the heading 
which Randle Holme prefixes to his 
transcript ' Libertates Gilde Mcrcatorie 
confirmate per Edwardum Regem.' 

48 Miss Bateson considers that the first 
four paragraphs have come from a royal 
charter, and that clause 36 was at one 
time the ending. Clause 47 is a sentence 
from 32, and 35 seems to be included 
in 4. 

41 Even a ' native ' who obtained ad- 
mission to the guild and remained a year 
and a day undisturbed became absolutely 
free ; clause 3. 

In the phrases ' burgensis de curia ' 
(no. 18, 20, 22) and 'burgensis de villa' 
(no. 32) Miss Bateson sees an opposition, 
as if the distinction between out and in- 
burgesses had already been fixed. The 
' burgensis de curia ' of no. 20 may be an 
error for ' pretor de curia.' 

42 Clauses 5, 6, 16. A curious pro- 
vision was that id. was to be paid to the 
pretor's servant for his testimony to the 
fact of entry. A disputed title was 
settled by the oath of the tenant's 'prepo 
situs ' and two neighbours at least, 

93 



affirming that he had held it a year and a 
day ; no. 7. 

A burgess might sell his burgage, but 
the next of kin had a right of pre-emp- 
tion. If he had only one burgage he 
must on selling pay ^d. for liberty to go ; 
no. 30. 

Nothing is said of an annual rent to 
be paid for the burgage, but this was 
probably I2d. In an undated charter 
William de Euxton granted a burgage in 
Preston to Richard the Smith, a rent of 
\i.d. being payable to the lord of the fee ; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1099. 

No plot of land is named in the Cus- 
tumal as appurtenant to a burgage, but 
from charters and inquisitions it may be 
inferred that some land was normally 
held with a burgage. 

In later times it was customary for a 
burgess to pay "jd. on ' renewing his free- 
dom ' at each guild celebration ; Abram, 
op. cit. 65 (quoting Kuerden). 

48 Among other by-laws it was ordained 
that if a burgess bought anything and gave 
an earnest or instalment the seller might 
rescind the bargain on repaying double the 
earnest ; but should the purchaser have 
handled his purchase he might either 
retain it or accept 5*. from the seller 
instead ; Custumal, no. 12. A stranger 
might not share in any bargain with one 
of the burgesses ; no. 29. 

44 One rule was that if anyone were 
taken and convicted for robbery or breach 
of trust (injidelitas') the prosecutor should 
'do justice ' on him ; no. 19. 

45 Clause 10. A burgess was not to 
be compelled to go with his lord on a 
military expedition unless he could return 
home the same day ; no. 43. 

46 Clause 9. If one burgess wounded 
another and they desired to agree their 
friends might impose a penalty of ^.d. for 
each thumb-length of wound in a covered 
part of the body and %d. for each in an 
open place. The assailant must also 
make good any money loss due to the 
wound and pay the doctor ; no. 21. The 
final clause of the by-law seems to mean 
that the wounded man should swear upon 
his arms that he had been wounded and 
was willing to accept the composition 
agreed upon. If a burgess should be fined 
nd. three times for breach of the assize of 
bread and ale, the fourth time he should 
pay a heavier fine, or else go to the cuck- 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



by battle, fire or water was allowed. 47 The burgesses 
could marry their daughters as they chose, 48 and were 
free in the matter of milling and malting 49 ; they 
had right to common of pasture 80 and to expenses 
when travelling on the town's business. 51 

The titles of prefectus (or prepositus) and pretor for 
the chief officers are noteworthy, for the terms 'mayor' 
and ' bailiff' were already in use in the time of 
Edward II." The community held the town of the 
king in fee farm," and one clause of the Custumal 
ordains that the ' pretor ' of the court should collect 
the king's farm at the four terms, and if a burgess 
did not pay at the second demand the door of his 
house was to be taken off and might not be replaced 
till due payment had been made. 54 The reeve had 
to account in the farm rent for the goods of a man 



who had been found carrying bad money." The 
town court was the king's court, 66 and the common 
fund seems to have been called the king's purse. 57 

In 1314 began a series of grants of pavage to the 
mayor and town of Preston for the improvement of 
the ways. 68 The charter was confirmed from time 
to time, 69 but no change of importance was made till 
1566, when Elizabeth, confirming the previous 
charters, decreed that the mayor and bailiffs should 
be assisted in the government of the town by ' twenty- 
four men of the more discreet and worthy men ' of 
the borough, who should be called the capital 
burgesses and form the Common Council, meeting in 
the Tollbooth or Moot Hall. The mayor for the time 
being was to be the justiciary, coroner and clerk of 
the market. 60 



stool (ad c ukestolam) ; no. 31. Should 
anyone carrying false money be captured 
the 'prepositus' must account for the 
money and send the criminal to the king 
for punishment ; those who caught him 
should have the clothes ; no. 41. 

47 Clauses 18, 22. Should there be 
wager of battle between a burgess and a 
knight the latter must fight in person ; 
no. 45. 

In 1184-5 a fi ne f 5 marks was levied 
by the king because a man had been put 
' at the water ' without warrant ; Farrer, 
Lana. Pipe R. 55. 

48 Clause 23. Succession to property 
is regulated by no. 32. 

49 Clauses 24, 25. 
80 Clause 36. 

sl Clause 27. 

sa ' Pretors ' occur at Clitheroe also. 
Ralph the reeve of Preston occurs about 
1 200, together with Roger his son ; 
Lanes. Pipe R. 335. Roger, 'pretor' of 
Preston, apparently the reeve, attested a 
local charter about 1220 ; Kuerden MSS. 
iv, C 25*. 

Roger reeve of Preston, Ralph his son 
and Robert the Clerk of Preston occur 
about the same time ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 378. Baldwin de Preston was reeve 
in 1246, and chose the jury of twelve 
(including himself) who came from the 
borough ; Assize R. 404, m. 1 9^. 

There seems to have still been no 
'mayor' in 1292, when the bailiff* ap- 
pearing for the town were Adam son of 
Robert and Robert son of Roger. 

To a charter already quoted Roger 
Fade, ' then chief bailiff of Preston,' was 
a witness ; OO, no. 1099. Local charters 
to about 1320 are usually attested by the 
two bailiffs of the town ; but in one early 
deed Adam brother of Filbard, mayor, and 
William and Roger brother of Roger (?), 
reeves, were principal witnesses ; ibid. 
no. no i. In 1311-12 William son of 
Robert the Tailor granted to John del 
Wich land in the new field under Ful- 
wood, and the witnesses were the mayor, 
Robert son of Roger, six bailiffs Adam 
de Bury, William son of Nicholas, 
William son of Paulin, Henry Banastre, 
Roger Salley, Albred son of Adam and 
the clerk of Preston, William de Wigan ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 2198. In the 
guild of 1328 the mayor and two bailiffs 
are named, and the government at that 
time was conducted in the name of the 
mayor, bailiffs and burgesses. 

The community had a common seal as 
early as 1250 ; Cockcrsand Chartul. (Chet. 
Soc.), i, 220-1. A seal of 1376 is in 
the British Museum (Birch, Catalogue, 
no - SB'S); It; hows the Agnus Dei, 



statant regardant, with banner flag, and 
on the lamb's shoulder a shield bearing 
the duchy arms. It is surrounded with 
the legend -j- SIGILL* COMVNE BVRGENCIVM 
DE PRESTON. The seal of 1415 is the 
same, with the addition of three P's 

round the lamb, thus: V V- About 

the end of the 1 7th century the statant 
posture was altered to couchant. The 
seals of 1415 and the present time are 
shown in Fishwick, op. cit. 36, 37. In 
1 349 the king granted a seal for recogni- 
zances of debts ; the greater piece was to 
remain in charge of the mayor and the 
smaller piece with a clerk deputed by the 
king ; Cal. Pat. 1 348-50, p. 266. William 
Clifton was appointed to be keeper of the 
smaller piece in 1423 ; ibid. 1422-9, 
p. 101. 

The Moot Hall is named in a deed of 
1377, by which Thomas de Molyneux of 
Cuerdale and Joan his wife gave the 
mayor, bailiffs and community of Preston 
a small piece of land (12 ft. by 12 ft.) ad- 
joining the said hall, at a rent of 6s, ; OO, 
no. 1506. 

88 This does not seem to be mentioned 
in any of the early charters. 

The original farm of the town was 
9, but in or before 1179 was increased 
by 6 ; Farrer, op. cit. 42, 131. In 
1 212 the burgesses held three plough-lands 
in Preston by a rent of 15 ; Lanes. Inq. 
and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 45, 138, 289. The diminution from 
the six plough-lands of Domesday Book is 
probably accounted for by the separation 
of Fulwood and Ribbleton. 

64 Clause ii. " Clause 41. 

66 ' Curia nostra ' ; no. 9. 

57 If a stranger claimed a debt before 
the reeve and the debtor would not pay 
the 'pretor' paid it out of the king's 
purse, and then seized the debtor's 
chattels or took possession of his house ; 
no. 33. 

68 Cal. Pat. 1313-17, p. 1 86. The 
tolls which might be levied are printed 
in Fishwick, Preston, 25. Other grants 
were made in 1328 (for two years) and 
in 1333 (for five years) ; Cal. Pat. 1327 
30, p. 270 ; 1330-4, p. 408. At a trial 
in 1334 it was alleged that the men of 
Preston had obtained pavage charters for 
five and then for three years, and then, 
the town being sufficiently paved, pur- 
chased another charter to last for five 
years, ' to the great oppression of the 
people of those parts.' Nicholas de 
Preston and three others appeared for the 
community to aver that the additional 
paving was required, but the decision was 
against them, and they had to pay a fine. 

94 



The pavage dues were stated to amount 
to 10 marks a year ; Coram Rege R. 297, 
Rex m. 21. 

In 1337 an inquiry was made as to 
the right of pasture in Fulwood ; Lans- 
downe MS. 559, fol. 66/366. 

The taxation of the ninth of the borough 
of Preston in 1340 has been preserved and 
supplies forty-four names of persons 
taxed ; Subs. R. bdle. 130, no. 15. 

In 1341 a commission was appointed 
to inquire into a suspected misappropria- 
tion of the pavage money raised ; Cal. Pat. 
1340-3, p. 313. Another grant of pavage 
was made by Duke Henry in 1356 ; 
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 344. 

In 1582 Richard Stirrop was admitted 
burgess in consideration of his making 
the post-holes in the market stead at the 
yearly fairs and repairing the causeway 
between Barkhouse Hill and the windmill 
at the east end of the town ; Abram, 
Mem. of the Guilds, 33. 

59 By Richard II in 1379, preserved 
at Preston 5 see Cal. Pat. 1377-81, 
p. 340. By Henry IV in 1401, also at 
Preston ; a new clause was inserted, 
allowing the burgesses to use any of the 
liberties, &c., granted by former charters, 
even if they or their predecessors had not 
hitherto fully availed themselves of the 
same. By Henry V in 1414. By 
Henry VI in 1425, now at Preston. By 
Philip and Mary in 1557, at Preston. 

For the charters of 1401 and 1414 see 
also Charter R. 2 Hen. IV, pt. i, no. 8 ; 
i Hen. V, pt. iii, no. 3. 

60 The charter probably ratified customs 
in the government of the town which had 
grown up in the course of time. At the 
guild of 1500 it was ordained that the 
mayor should nominate two ' ancient, 
discreet and honest burgesses,' called 
elisors, who in turn were to nominate 
twenty-four burgesses, not bearing office 
in the town, to choose fit persons to be 
mayor, bailiff and sub-bailiff ; the mayor, 
after his election, chose a second bailiff 
and a Serjeant for the mace ; Abram, 
Mem. of the Guilds, 23. 

In a writ de quo ivarr. issued in 1487 
the corporation were called upon to show 
by what title they claimed to elect a 
mayor. The 15 a year rent to the 
Crown is named ; Pal. of Lane. Writs 
Proton. 13 Hen. VII. For part of the 
reply see Kuerden MSS. iv, P 10 (the 
markets). 

In 1527 Sir Richard Hoghton made a 
lawless attempt to impose on the town 
his own nominees as mayor, bailiff and 
Serjeant. It was then the custom to 
nominate priests as elisors ; Fishwick, 
Preston, 38-42, quoting Duchy of Lane. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



A dispute as to the right of the aulnager for the 
county to seal cloths and levy dues in Preston occurred 
in 1571, it being contended that the charter ex- 
empted the town and that the goods made there, viz. 
' narrow white kerseys,' were not included in the 
statute. 61 The guild of 1622 endeavoured to protect 
the burgesses in another way by keeping ' foreigners ' 
out of the town, it being found that their living and 
trading therein was ' to the great prejudice, loss and 
hindrance of the free burgesses.' 62 

The records of the court leet have been preserved 
from 1653. 63 The ancient fee-farm rent of 1$** 
was redeemed by the corporation in 1650 and again 
after the Restoration in i6j6. 65 The guild of 1662 
distinguished itself by drawing up a code of by-laws 
from the records of former guilds and thus providing 
for the orderly government of the town. 66 Imme- 
diately afterwards a new charter was procured from 
Charles II, substantially the same as that of 1566, 
but making some further provisions. 67 This was 
followed in 1685 by an extended charter, which for 
the first time recognized the aldermen, who were to 
be seven in number. The mayor was to be assisted 
in his office as a justice of the peace by the ex- 
mayor, the senior alderman and the recorder. Two 



markets were now allowed, on Wednesday and 
Saturday, and three fairs, beginning 1 5 August, 
27 October and 16 March. 68 No other charter was 
obtained till 1828, when, as, owing to the growth 
of the town, further justices were needed, it was 
provided that all the aldermen should act, also that 
the mayor, ex-mayor and senior aldermen should be 
coroners. 69 

Only seven years afterwards, in 1835, the Municipal 
Corporations Act abolished the old constitution and 
the first council election of the reformed corporation 
was held on 26 December ; the aldermen were chosen 
on 3 I December and the mayor on New Year's Day, 
1836. The borough, which included the townships 
of Preston and Fishwick, was at first divided into six 
wards, and the council consisted of the mayor, twelve 
aldermen and thirty-six councillors. 70 In consequence 
of the growth of the town parts of Ribbleton and 
Brockholes on the east and of Ashton on the west 
were taken into the municipal borough in 1880 71 and 
a further part of Ashton in i888, 72 but the number 
of wards, though the areas were readjusted, remained 
unchanged until 1900, when the enlarged borough 
was divided into twelve wards St. John's, Trinity, 
Christ Church and Avenham in the centre or ancient 



Pleadings, Hen. VIII, xii, F i ; viii, 
W 9 ; vi, W n. Sir Thomas More was 
then Chancellor of the duchy ; he rejected 
the Hoghton claims and made certain 
' ordinances ' for the peace of the town 
and the election of mayor ; ibid. 43-4, 
quoting Pleadings, vi, W 1 1. Sir Richard 
again interfered with the election in 
Oct. 1534 ; ibid. 45. 

Disputes arose as to the nomination of 
both elisors by the mayor, and the charter 
of 1566, while confirming the mode of 
election of the twenty- four, gave them 
the choice of one of the elisors. A three 
weeks court for trying causes of debts, 
&c. ; the view of frankpledge on the days 
' accustomed from ancient times,' the 
markets and fairs (with court of pie- 
powder), were all expressly ratified by 
the charter, to be held by ' the ancient 
rent and farm due to the Crown.' 

The charter did not allay all the internal 
disputes which had been going on respect- 
ing the choice of the mayor, who, it will 
be seen, had large powers. It gave the 
elisors the right to choose an entirely new 
body of capital burgesses each year, but 
in practice no doubt the same persons 
were re-elected, if willing, and in 1598 
there is mention of a permanent body of 
aldermen, who were eight in number. 
It was ordered that ' the whole number 
of benchers, commonly called aldermen,' 
should stand and remain as they then were 
until the next guild merchant, and that 
the mayor should be chosen annually from 
this body, beginning with the senior 
member, and descending yearly according 
to seniority ; ibid. 34. This rule was 
confirmed by the guild of 1602, which 
also decreed that out-burgesses who came 
to reside within the town should not be 
eligible as mayor or bailiff till they had 
resided for seven years ; ibid. 36. In 
1642 it was ordered that on an alderman 
dying a successor should be appointed 
from the members of the common 
council ; ibid. 47. 

An attempt to disfranchise two bur- 
gesses was defeated by their appeal to the 
Exchequer Court in or before 1582 ; 
Abram, op. cit. 33. 



61 Abram, op. cit. 26-8. The decision 
seems to have been adverse to the town ; 
Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 236,256. An earlier claim 
to this immunity was investigated in 
1 52 1, when the mayor and burgesses also 
claimed all the goods of felons, fugitives, 
&c., and view of frankpledge ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. v, no. 36. 

63 Abram, op. cit. 40. The making 
of bricks for sale was likewise forbidden, 
o that the ' wastes ' of the town might 
not be impaired. 

There are other evidences that at that 
time the established guilds or trade com- 
panies were jealous of the growth of 
independent traders. The rules of the 
Preston Company of Drapers, Mercers, 
Grocers, Salters, Ironmongers and Haber- 
dashers of 1628 prohibited the sale by 
any 'stranger' of goods belonging to these 
trades ; ibid. 412. In 1633 the Society 
of Skinners, Whittawers and Glovers in 
Preston and other places made a petition 
against unlicensed traders ; Cal. S. P. Dom. 

1 63 3-4, P- 33- 

M The records from 1653 to 1813 are 
preserved in three folio volumes at the 
Town Hall. An account of them, with 
copious extracts, was published in 1905, 
Mr. Anthony Hewitson being editor. The 
court leet was held twice a year. The 
Inquest, sometimes called the court baron, 
sat frequently. The Mayor's Court was 
held on the Friday before St. Wilfrid's 
Day for the election of mayor, bailiff and 
Serjeant ; their inauguration was on the 
feast itself. The old procedure is related 
in Whittle's Preston (1821), 194-206. 
The principal matters in the records relate 
to the right to carry on a trade and to 
pasture cattle on the marsh. The court 
leet became extinct in 1835, having long 
ceased to be of any utility in the changed 
conditions of the town. 

'* In 1504-5 the sheriff was directed 
to call for 45, the rent due to the king 
for three years from the mayor and 
bailiffs of Preston ; Kuerden MSS. iv, 
P 118. 

65 Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1870), ii, 448. 
The intermediate surrender of the pur- 

95 



chase in 1660, as evidence to the loyalty 
of the corporation, is printed in Munch. 
Guard. N. and Q. no. 375. 

66 Abram, op. cit. 5 1-5. The guild 
meeting was continued for six weeks to 
allow of the codification. The orders 
were classified under the following titles : 
The Sabbath ; the oaths ; the town lands, 
rents, and other revenues ; the marsh, 
mere and town field ; geese on the marsh ; 
swine ; brick and digging of sods ; preser- 
vation of the common, &c. ; buying and 
selling between foreigners and others, and 
the tolls, stallages, pickages, lastages and 
other customs due for the same ; house- 
holders and their duties ; officers ; manner 
of holding a council ; weights and measures ; 
foreign burgesses ; restraining of foreign 
burgesses ; duties of foreign burgesses ; 
alehouse-keeping, tippling and victualling ; 
bailiffs and other inferior officers ; office 
of a Serjeant ; streets and scavengers. 

' About 2,200 burgesses were enrolled 
at the guild of 1662, of whom something 
less than 900 were foreign burgesses.' 

67 Ibid. 56-7. 

68 Ibid. 68 ; Duchy of Lane. Misc. Bks. 
xxiv, 222. 

69 Abram, op. cit. 135. A description 
of the old-fashioned way of ' beating the 
bounds ' at Preston is given in Hewitson's 
Preston, 1 2 1. It is included among the 
former sports of the place. 

70 Abram, loc. cit. ; Act 2*3 
Will. IV, cap. 64. The six wards were : 
St. John's, south-east from Church Street 
to the Ribble, including part of Fishwick ; 
Christ Church, to the west ; St. George's, 
to the north-west ; St. Peter's, north of 
Maudland ; Trinity, the east central part 
of the town (including the Town Hall) 
to the northern border ; Fishwick, the 
eastern suburb of Preston, and the greater 
part of Fishwick township. Changes of 
area were made in 1881, and St. George's 
and Trinity were re-named Maudland and 
Park respectively. 

71 Under an Improvement Act of 1880, 
43 & 44 Viet. cap. 118. 

78 Under the Ribble Navigation Act of 
1883, 46 & 47 Viet. cap. 115. The 
enlargement came into force in 1889. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



urban area ; Ashton on the west ; Maudland, St. 
Peter's, Moor Brook, Park and Deepdale on the 
north ; Ribbleton and Fishwick to the east. Each 
ward has now an alderman and three councillors, so 
that the total membership is unchanged. The town- 
ship boundaries were altered in 1894, so that those 
of the township or civil parish of Preston coincide 
with those of the municipal borough. 73 Preston 
became a county borough under the Act of 1888. 
As a parliamentary borough it has been known since 
I295. 74 By the Reform Act of 1832 the town 
continued to return two members, but Fishwick was 
added to the borough. No change was made in the 
boundary till 1888, when the enlarged municipal 
borough, together with the township of Fulwood, 
became the parliamentary borough, there being still 
two members. 

The borough court, a survival of the old manor 
courts, is held every third Friday by the recorder, for 
the recovery of small debts. The town has also its 
police force and court 75 and a quarter sessions court. 76 
A county court is held there, as also county quarter 
sessions. The county council has its offices and 
meetings in Preston, as the most central point for 
Lancashire. 77 The Preston Rural District Council 
also meets in the town. 

An artificial water supply, in addition to the wells, 
was begun as early as lyzg 78 ; but an efficient 
modern supply was not opened until 1832, when 
a private company made a reservoir at Grimsargh. 



In 1853 the works were acquired by the town and 
fresh reservoirs have continued to be formed according 
to the needs of the district supplied. 80 

Lamps for lighting the streets on dark nights were 
first supplied in 1699, the corporation providing 
them. 81 Fr. Dunn, a Jesuit stationed at Preston, 
having seen gas used at Stonyhurst, advocated its 
introduction in Preston, which was thus the first pro- 
vincial town in England to be lighted with gas, in 
1 8 1 6. 82 A private company, formed in 1815 and 
incorporated in 1839, supplies it. 83 The Electric 
Supply Company supplies electric light, with which 
the principal streets are lighted. 

The first tramways were opened in iS/g 84 and 
have been greatly extended. They are now owned 
by the town and worked by electricity. The corpora- 
tion also supplies electric power. 

The grammar school seems always to have been 
governed by the corporation ; various other educa- 
tional institutions and libraries have now been added. 
The Free Library was opened in the Town Hall in 
iSyg, 85 but transferred to the Harris Free Public 
Library and Museum in igc^. 86 A science and art 
school are held in the Harris Institute. 87 The 
Victoria Jubilee technical school was opened in 
I897. 88 

The corporation has carried out the usual works 
for sanitary purposes. 89 It has erected a large town 
hall, 90 a public hall or corn market 91 and a covered 
market. 92 It owns several parks and recreation 



73 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607. 

74 See above introduction. 

75 About 1800 the watchmen were pro- 
vided by private subscriptions and a 
corporation grant. In 1832 a police 
station was opened in Avenham Street, 
the force numbering six men. A new 
station, with magistrates' court, still 
used, was opened in Lancaster Road in 
1858. The bench of magistrates was 
anciently regulated by the charters, as 
already described ; since the passing of 
the Municipal Reform Act in 1835 the 
justices have been appointed by the 
Chancellor of the duchy. 

There is also a fire brigade, with 
station in Tithebarn Street. In 1271 
Thurstan de Holland complained that 
one Henry son of Mirre had destroyed 
one of his houses at Preston ; but it was 
shown that there was a fire in the town, 
and Thurstan's house and some others 
had been destroyed to check the flames ; 
Curia Regis R. 201, m. 7 d. 

76 The seneschal, later the recorder, is 
named in the charters of 1566 and 1663. 
He presides at the three weeks court and 
the quarter sessions of the borough. 

77 The offices, at the west end of 
Fishergate, were opened in 1882. The 
chief county officials have their offices in 
the building. 

The prison, at the east end of Church 
Street, was erected in 1789 to replace the 
old house of correction in the Friary. 
A court-house was built in 1829 
adjoining. The new county sessions 
house, already mentioned, has replaced 
it. The county police offices are part of 
the new building, in which is also the 
County Hall, used for the meetings of 
the county council. 

78 The town records mention five 
principal wells : Mincepitt, near the 
gas company's land ; Market-place, 
1654 ; Fishergate, 1666 ; Lady Well, 



west of Friargate ; Goose Well, outside 
Church Street bars. The old ' cistern ' 
was built in Avenham in 1729, R. 
Abbot, a Quaker, was the maker. See 
Hewitson, Ct. Leet Rec. ; Hardwick, 
Preston, 445. In 1743 a new cistern 
was made at Syke Hill, from which 
water was distributed through wooden 
pipes; see Hewitson, Preston, 378-80. 
7 Priv. Act, 2 & 3 Will. IV, cap. 27. 

80 1 6 & 17 Viet. cap. 48. See Hewitson, 
op. cit. 381-3. Further large reservoirs 
have lately been constructed at Longridge. 
The works supply not only the borough 
but several adjacent townships, north and 
south of the Ribble. 

81 Ibid. 267. 

83 Hardwick, op. cit. m 5 Gerard, 
Stonyhurst, 125. The first works were 
in Avenham Lane (Glover Street). 

88 Act 55 Geo. Ill, cap. 22 ; 2 & 3 Viet, 
cap. 3. Additional gasometers have been 
erected in North Street and at Ribbleton 
and Walton-le-Dale. 

84 Hewitson, Preston, 208-9. An 
omnibus service to Fulwood began in 
1859, superseded by the tramway in 
1879. Other tramway lines, from 
Ribbleton through the town to Fisher- 
gate Hill and to Ashton, were opened in 
1882. 

85 Ibid. 287 - 98. The new Harris 
Library, built for it between 1882 and 
1893, was opened in 1894. Dr. Shepherd's 
library (1759) is housed with it. The 
Law Library, founded in 1831, is a 
private subscription one ; the building is 
in Chapel Walks, Fishergate. 

86 Ibid. 31214. The museum was at 
first (1841) in Cross Street. An 
observatory, privately founded, was 
acquired by the corporation in 1879 and 
anew building erected in 1881 in Deep- 
dale Road. 

s? The building was erected in 1849 
in Avenham Lane as an Institute for the 



Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, originally 
organized in 1828. Declining in use- 
fulness it was re-endowed by the trustees 
of E. R. Harris as a Technological and 
Science and Art School in 1882; 
Hewitson, op. cit. 235, 276. 

88 This building, in Corporation Street, 
is managed by the council of the In- 
stitute, who have acquired the old 
buildings of the School for the Blind 
(1871), which has been removed to 
Fulwood. 

89 For example, baths and wash-houses 
were opened in 18150 and refuse destruc- 
tors in 1887 and 1892. 

Formerly there was a public cold water 
bath at the western end of the town, 
called the Spa Bath. It was closed about 
1860; Hewitson, Preston, 242. There 
was a spa well there ; ibid. 385. 

90 This building was opened in 1867. 
See Hewitson, op. cit. 359-66. 

91 It was first erected by the corpora- 
tion in 1822-4, and after enlargement 
was re-opened in 1882. There is accom- 
modation for 3,600 auditors It has a 
large organ. The corn market is held 
there on Saturdays ; at the front are sold 
eggs and poultry. The pork market was 
formerly held at the rear, but was dis- 
continued in 1 88 1 ; Hewitson, op. cit. 
254. 

93 It is in Lancaster Road, on the site 
of the old 'Orchard,' and was built in 
1870-5. Fruit and vegetables are sold 
there ; Hewitson, op. cit. 308. 

In Whittle's Preston (1821), Il6-2O, 
is a description of the former markets. 
The Old Shambles, a street leading from 
the Market Place to Church Street, were 
on the east side of the Town Hall. The 
Strait Shambles, erected in 1715 by 
Thomas Molyneux, went north from 
Church Street opposite Avenham Street. 
They were pulled down in 1882 to make 
room for the Free Library. Separate 



9 6 




PRESTON : FISHERGATE WITH TOWN HALL IN DISTANCE 




PRESTON : HARRIS FREE LIBRARY, MARKET PLACE 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



grounds. 93 The cemetery in Ribbleton was opened 
in i855. 94 The corporation has also done much to 
improve the navigation of the Kibble and make the 
town a useful port. 95 

Preston possesses valuable regalia and plate, 
including the great mace presented by the Duke of 
Hamilton in 1703, a civic sword and the hanap, or 
cup and cover, dated l6l5. 96 

The corporation built a workhouse in Avenham about 
1675 for the unemployed poor, and this was super- 
seded in 1788 by a new house on the moor. Under 
the Poor Law of 1834 Preston became the head of a 
union. A new workhouse at Fulwood was opened in 



PRESTON 

i868. 97 The infirmary is in Deepdale Road. 98 In 
addition the town has various societies and clubs. 
There are two daily and four weekly newspapers. 99 

In addition to the church and the chantries, the 
leper hospital 10 and the Friary, 101 the Knights 
Hospitallers, 102 Lytham 103 and Burscough Priories, 104 
Whalley, 105 Sawley, 106 and Cockersand Abbeys 107 had 
lands in the town. In resisting a claim to certain 
burgages and land Robert Abbot of Cockersand 
averred that the tenements were of the manor of 
Preston, which was of the ancient demesne of the 
Crown of England ; the claimant denied this, 
saying that the manor was of the honour of 



slaughter-house* were erected in 1818 
nearSyke Hill. The fish stones were on 
the northern side of the market-place ; 
they were removed in 1853. 

Whittle further states that then the 
market days were Wednesday, Friday 
and Saturday. A bell was rung at 
9 a.m. when the sale of provisions and 
fish began ; it was rung again at 10 a.m. 
when ' forestallers, hucksters and badgers ' 
might purchase to sell again ; and at 
ii a.m. when the corn trade began. 
' The various markets shall now have 
their place as to where they are held 
according to ancient usage. The cattle 
market in Church Street. The goose 
and pork market immediately under the 
church wall. The country butchers and 
others hold their market on the south 
side of Church Street.' The market- 
place was apportioned to various kinds of 
produce. On the south side butter and 
poultry ; at the east corn and peas ; in 
the centre earthenware, glass and toys ; 
to the north, clothiers ; west of the 
obelisk, confectionery, hats, boots, cutlery, 
small wares. The cheese market and 
fruit stalls on the west side of the 
square, with vegetables on both sides of 
Cheapside, which leads down to Fisher- 
gate. 

Still earlier arrangements as described 
by Dr. Kuerden about 1680 are printed 
in Hardwick's Preston, 209. The cattle 
market was in Church Street, swine 
were sold opposite the church, and sheep 
on the west side of the market-place ; 
the horse market was in Fishergate. 

98 While the town was still quite 
small the corporation in 1696-7 obtained 
from Alderman Lemon a piece of ground 
on Avenham, used as a walk, and thus 
secured it for public use. It was planted 
with trees, and forms a conspicuous 
object in Buck's 'Prospect' of 1728; 
Hewitson, op. cit. 320, 236. Thoresby, 
the antiquary, who visited the town at 
the 1702 guild, described it as 'a very 
curious walk and delicate prospect ' ; 
Thoresby, Diaries, i, 389-91. 

Avenham Park, to the south-west of 
it, occupies 27 acres by the Ribble side. 
Between 1843 and 1852 the corporation 
purchased the land, and formed it into 
an attractive pleasure ground in 1861-7 5 
work being thus provided for the factory 
workers made idle by the American 
Civil War ; ibid. 319-22. Miller Park, 
1 1 acres, lies further to the west ; the 
land was given by Alderman Thomas 
Miller, and, after being laid out, was 
opened in 1867 ; ibid. 323. Fine views 
of the Ribble Valley can be obtained 
from these parks. 

The moor to the north of the town 
was inclosed by the corporation in 1834. 
From 1786 to 1833 horse-races had been 



run there, in opposition to those favoured 
by the Earl of Derby on the adjacent 
Fulwood Moor. Racing had taken place 
much earlier, an ' intended horse course ' 
being marked in 1695. A park of no 
acres has gradually been formed of the 
land inclosed. The Marsh, another part 
of the old common land, is used as a 
recreation ground ; it measures 22 acres. 
Haslam Park was presented to the 
town in 1908 by Miss Haslam. 

94 Hewitson, op. cit. 249. 

95 See the introduction. 

96 A full description is given in Trant, 
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 1-47. 

v For the history see Hewitson, Preston, 
394-410. 

98 A dispensary wag established in 
Fishergate in 1809 and a house of re- 
covery in Great Shaw Street in 1813. 
The latter was removed to ' the Moor ' in 
1833. The two institutions are com- 
bined in the present infirmary, on the 
last-named site, opened in 1870 ; Hewit- 
son, op. cit. 284. 

99 The earliest newspaper, of no long 
continuance, was the Journal, 1744. Of 
the existing newspapers the Guardian was 
established in 1844 and the Herald in 
1855. 

The daily papers are the Lancashire 
Post and Northern Telegraph ; the weekly 
ones the Preston Guardian, Preston Herald 
(Wednesday and Saturday), Preston Argus, 
and Catholic News. 

For a full account of the newspapers 
up to 1882 see Hewitson, op. cit. 
341-4. 

100 The site does not seem to be known 
exactly. A charter of 1311-12 describes 
a piece of land as situated under this 
hospital and extending to Swaghwell 
Syke ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iv, 580. This 
name is probably the same as the Sewalle 
Syke of the Cockersand Chartul. i, 217. 
Possibly the well was one known later as 
Atherton's Well, near the canal bridge on 
Fylde Road ; Hewitson, Preston, 385. 
Spital Moss was close by. 

Charters of the hospital are in the 
Duchy Great Coucher, i, fol. 80, &c. 

The history of the hospital is narrated 
in the account of the religious houses of 
the county. After its confiscation by 
Edward VI it was in 1549 granted to 
John Doddington and William Ward ; 
Pat. 3 Edw. VI, pt. vi. They sold it to 
Thomas Fleetwood in 1550, and in 1560 
Thomas sold the estate to John Fleet- 
wood of Penwortham ; D.in Preston Chron. 
12 Oct. 1 86 1. Thomas Fleetwood is 
here called ' of Hesketh ' ; he was the 
brother of John, who died in possession 
in 1590 ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xv, 
no. 34. 

101 See the account of the religious 
houses. Part of the building was granted 

97 



to William Breres of Preston and Oliver 
Breres of Chorley in 1539-40, and Oliver 
was in possession in 1545 ; L. and P. 
Hen. VIH, xv, p. 564 ; Ducatus Lane. (Rec. 
Com.), i, 178. In 1540 the whole site 
was granted to Thomas Holcroft ; Pat. g2 
Hen. VIII, fol. iv. The building was 
used as a house of correction from about 
1640 to 1789 ; Hewitson, Preston, 
281. 

102 The Hospitallers' lands in Preston 
were in 1544-5 given to Richard Crom- 
bleholme ; Pat. 36 Hen. VIII, pt. xvii. 

103 Lytham charters at Durham, 3 a, 
2 ae, 4 ae Ebor. no. 1-5. These are grants 
of rents by the heirs of Richard son of 
Roger of Woodplumpton. 

104 The tenement seems to have been 
known as Tinkler House, and a rent of 
2s. was derived from it ; Duchy of Lane. 
Rentals bdle. 4, no. 7, 8 ; Mins. Accts. 
bdle. 136, no. 2198. 

105 Richard de Derbyshire gave land in 
Jugeler Ridding and in Woodholm (formerly 
Robert son of Stephen's) to Stanlaw 
Abbey; Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
465. 

106 Richard Rufus (? Russel) gave half of 
a toft in Fishergate to Sawley ; Harl. MS. 
112, fol. 74. This as a burgage was 
afterwards demised by the abbey to Hugh 
le Sposage, at a rent of \^d. to the abbot, 
izd. to the king (as chief lord) according 
to the use and custom of the vill, and %d. 
to the heir of Hugh Fitton. By Adam 
son of Hugh le Sposage it was granted to 
Roger son of Adam son of Suard, by 
whom it was surrendered to the abbey ; 
ibid. 

Russel was an early surname in 
Preston; De Banco R. 195, m. 331 ; 
248, m. 44. 

107 Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
216-25 > i y > 1262-3- The lands seem 
for the most part to have been acquired 
by Master William de Kirkham and 
handed over to the canons. The charters 
contain a number of details as to the 
people and place-names. The latter in- 
clude Sicling Moor, Oldfield, Platfordale, 
Sewall Syke, Woodholme, Whitacre, 
Dustesahe Field and Gildhouse. 

Roger son of Robert Woodward in 
1326 granted Thomas Banastre and Joan 
his wife land held of the Abbot 01 
Cockersand and having a kiln-house upon 
it ; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1 1 14. 

Alice daughter of Adam de Ruffbrd and 
widow of Simon released to the canons 
her claim in Thimsacre ; Towneley MS. 
DD, no. 10. 

In 1281 Amy widow of Robert son of 
Cecily claimed dower in two messuages, 
4 acres of land and a burgage in Preston 
against the Abbot of Cockersand, Adam 
de Bury and William son of Adam Albin ; 
De Banco R. 42, m. 15. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Lancaster and an escheat of the king, as he was ready 
to verify by the ' book of Domusdey ' and in all 
other ways. 108 Many of the gentry of the county 



of the corporation j but often no tenure was re- 
corded. 109 

Of the local families no several took a surname 



had burgages and lands in the town. In some cases from the town itself, and Prestons occur constantly 
they were stated to hold them of the king, in others in the annals. 111 One of these families recorded a 



108 Assize R. 408, m. 8. The plaintiff 
was Walter son of Jordan de Kirkham, 
brother of Master William de Kirkham, 
son of Richard. The abbot alleged 
bastardy, but an agreement was come to, 
and Walter released all his claim in the 
tenement. 

109 Of the Crown, mostly in free 
burgage : 

Isabel widow of John Talbot, 1432; 
and John Talbot of Salesbury, 1449 ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 41, 55. 

Alexander Hoghton of Hoghton, 1489 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66. A 
similar statement is made in the later in- 
quisitions in the case of this and other 
families. 

John Singleton of Broughton, 1522 ; 
ibid, v, no. 45. 

Sir Thomas Boteler of Warrington, 
1522 ; ibid, v, no. 13. 

Lawrence Starkie, 1532; ibid, ix, 
no. 21. One of his daughters married 
Humphry Newton ; see note 134. 

James Anderton of Euxton, 1552, in 
socage ; ibid, ix, no. 14. 

James Forshaw of Penwortham, 1563 ; 
ibid, xi, no. 41. 

Sir Richard Molyneux of Sefton, 1569 ; 
ibid, xiii, no. 35. 

George Hesketh of Poulton, 1571 ; 
ibid, xiii, no. 15. 

Richard Greenacres of Worston, 1578 ; 
ibid, xiv, no. 16. 

Richard Chisnall [see Chisnall], 1587, 
3 acres ; ibid, xiv, no. 39. 

John Grimshaw of Clayton, 1587 ; 
ibid, xiv, no. 53. 

Thomas Standish of Duxbury, 1599; 
ibid, xvii, no. 54. 

Of the Corporation, i.e. the mayor, 
bailiffs and burgesses : 

John Skillicorne, 1478, four burgages, 
by a rent of zs. ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. 
Soc.), ii, 105. 

William Farington of Leyland, 1501 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 67. 

Richard Taylor (see Bretherton and 
Longton), 1596 ; ibid, xvii, no. 25. 
Another of the name died in 1631, leaving 
a son Henry, aged sixteen ; ibid, xxvii, 
no. 63. 

Robert Hankinson (see Newton with 
Scales), 1 604 ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 135 ; ii, 123. 

John Stopford of Ulnes Walton ; ibid, 
i, 169 ; ii, 72. 

George Rogerson, 1620, the Water 
Willows, &c. ; ibid, ii, 189. 

Thomas Shireburne of Heysham, 
1635-6 ; Towneley MS. C 8 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), 1083. 

William Critchlow of Lea, 1637-8 ; 
ibid. 252. 

Edward Lussell of Osbaldeston, 1637 ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 78. 

Other tenures : 

Robert Singleton of Broughton, 1501 ; 
of St. John of Jerusalem by a rent of 3^. ; 
ibid, iii, no. 63. 

Robert Singleton of Brockholes, 1525 ; 
of the heir of Adam de Brockholes, by 
three grains of pepper ; ibid, vi, no. 64. 

William Moore of Bank Hall, 1602 ; 
of Sir Richard Hoghton ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 13. 

The unrecorded tenures include those 



of Balderston of Balderston, Clifton of 
Westby, Harrington of Westleigh, Hesketh 
of Rufford, Langton of Walton, Leyland 
of Morleys, and Travers of Nateby. 

Of the above it may be noticed that 
the Moores retained their Preston estate 
till 1691 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 226, m. 22. 

The Feet of Fines give some particulars 
of other families. For instance, in the 
1 6th cent., Park, bdle. 12, m. 63, 144, 
290 ; Newsham, bdle. 20, m. 63 ; Ark- 
wright, bdle. 43, m. 200 ; Forshaw, bdle. 
49, m. 77 ; 57, m. 1 60 ; Haighton, bdle. 
58, m. 173. 

The following persons were recorded 
as freeholders in Preston in 1 600 : Henry 
Ascroft, Thomas Banastre, Richard 
Blundell, Richard Cuerdall; Henry, James, 
Richard and William Hodgkinson ; Ed- 
mund Lemon, Preston, George Sollom, 
Anthony and Thomas Wall, James and 
Walton ; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 233. 

110 Kuerden's collections, especially 
iv (P) and the folio volume (C, D), con- 
tain much relating to the local families. 

Numerous Hoghton deeds are in Add. 
MS. 32106. 

The Guild Rolls also are valuable for 
their pedigrees. For the earlier genera- 
tions some assistance may be derived from 
the witnesses to charters ; e.g. about 
1260 there appear Adam brother of 
Suard de Preston, Roger and William 
his sons ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 451. 

111 The following references to the 
Plea Rolls, &c., will show that different 
families used this surname. 

A Gamel son of Gamel was admitted 
to the freedom of Preston by a charter of 
King John in 1199, confirming one 
granted when John was Count of Mor- 
tain ; Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 26. 

In 1246 it was recorded that two bur- 
gages and 4 acres of land had escheated 
to the king. Adam son of Suard held 
them at half a mark rent ; Assize R. 404, 
m. 19 d. Robert son of Stephen de 
Preston unsuccessfully claimed a mes- 
suage and 3 acres against various persons ; 
ibid. m. 4. 

A Henry son of Baldwin de Preston 
did fealty on succeeding in 1254; 
Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 187. 
See also Rot. Lit. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i, 
430; Cal. Close, 1279-88, p. 265. 

Roger son of Adam de Preston in 1262 
acquired a toft, at id. rent, from John de 
Balderston and Alice his wife ; Final 
Cone, i, 135. 

In 1277 Maud widow of Roger son of 
Roger de Preston claimed dower in 
Preston against Robert son of Adam, 
Roger son of Belota, Paulin de Preston, 
and others ; De Banco R. 19, m. 14 d. 
Two years later Alice widow of Master 
William de Preston claimed a messuage, 
&c., against William son of Master 
William, and land against Nicholas son 
of Roger de Preston and Alice his wife ; 
ibid. 29, m. 17 ; 31, m. 9. 

Agnes widow of Adam de Hoghton in 
1290 claimed dower in houses, bake- 
house, &c., in Preston against Alice 
widow of Roger son of Adam de Preston ; 
ibid. 83, m. 127 d. 

9 8 



In 1291 Geoffrey son of Roger son of 
Adam de Preston and Ellen his wife un- 
successfully claimed a messuage and 3 acres 
of land in Preston against Maud de 
Brockholes, William de Slyne and Eva 
his wife. It appeared that Ellen was 
daughter of Adam de Brockholes and Eva 
daughter of Adam de Preston (who had 
enfeoffed her fourteen years, before). 
Geoffrey's father Roger is also called 'son 
of Avice'j Assize R. 1294, m. 8 d. ; 
1299, m. 16. The same Geoffrey and 
Ellen sued William the Carpenter of 
Preston and Ev his wife ; Assize R. 407, 
m. 4 ; 1294, m. 9. In this claim Eva 
daughter of Adam the Clerk of Brockholes 
was found to have been born out of wed- 
lock ; she had an elder brother William ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 7, 9, 38 d. 

The following belong to the year 1292 : 

Robert de Ribbleton and Cecily his wife 
claimed the fourth part of a messuage and 
toft against Roger son of Anot de Preston 
and Ellen his wife ; it was proved that 
Ellen was in seisin before she married 
Roger ; Assize R. 408, m. 3, 44 d. Roger 
son of Avice de Preston was defendant in 
another plea ; ibid. m. 36 d. 

Robert son of Adam de Preston com- 
plained of a trespass by William the Tailor 
of Preston ; ibid. m. 3, 17 d. William 
the Tailor was non-suited in a claim for 
debt against Hugh and Robert sons of 
Adam son of Philip de Preston ; ibid, 
m. 3 2. Robert son of Adam son of Siward 
held the moiety of a messuage claimed by 
Agnes wife of William de la Launde, on 
the ground that her mother Maud (sister 
of Alice daughter of Ivette) had held it ; 
ibid. m. 34. Robert son of Adam de- 
fended his title to land in Preston against 
Henry le Pestur and Christiana his wife ; 
ibid. m. 32. Robert son of Adam son of 
Philip also defended his title against 
Richard son of Henry del Wra ; ibid. m. 
44 d. Robert son of Adam de Preston 
was charged with trespass by Alan son of 
Master Thomas de Lancaster and others ; 
ibid. m. 103. Robert de Preston was 
defendant to a claim by Cecily widow of 
Jordan de Claughton ; ibid. m. 54 d. 
Robert son of Adam de Preston defended 
his claim to certain land (claimed by 
Nicholas de Burnhull) by saying that he 
had received it from Alan de Catherton ; 
ibid. m. 49. 

Christiana widow of Henry Mirreson 
de Preston cUimed dower in various 
tenements against Robert son of Adam 
de Preston and Alice widow of Adam, 
against Adam son of Richard de Preston 
and against Paulin de Preston ; ibid. m. 
49 d. She also claimed against William 
son of Roger, when Robert son of Roger 
de Preston warranted William and by 
leave rendeicd dower to the claimant ; 
ibid. m. 61. William son of Roger de 
Preston claimed a debt from William son 
of William; ibid. m. 102. William son 
of Roger son of Adam de Preston demised 
land to Richard the Teinturer, who 
refused to pay the balance of the amount 
he promised and was ejected ; ibid. m. 54. 
Robert son of Roger son of Adam de 
Preston was, together with Alice the 
widow of Roger, defendant as to a claim 
by William the Lister ; ibid. m. 58. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



pedigree in 1664,"* another acquired lands in 
Ireland, and Sir Robert Preston was in 1478 created 
Viscount Gormanston, 113 a peerage still in existence, 



though the title was not recognized from the Revolu- 
tion until i8oo. lu Among other more ancient families 
may be named by way of example those of Banastre 



Hugh son of Wimark de Preston and 
Margery his wife claimed small plots of 
land against William son of Roger Fitz 
Award de Preston and Robert son of 
Adam son of Ralph the Barker of Pres- 
ton ; ibid. m. 7. Albred another son of 
Adam son of Ralph was defendant ; ibid, 
m. 43. Hugh son of Hugh de Preston 
defended his title against William son of 
Pain de Preston ; ibid. m. 44 d. William 
son of Hugh de Preston had demised a 
messuage and lands to Roger son of 
Adam de Preston in consideration of 
maintenance, but on this failing he 
claimed damages against Alice the widow 
of Roger and others, and was allowed 721. ; 
ibid. m. 99. 

The same Alice was defendant to a 
claim for money owing put forward by 
Paulin de Preston, and Amota widow of 
Richard son of Richard son of Malbe de 
Preston ; ibid. m. 103. Adam and 
William sons of Paulin de Preston had a 
dispute about a charter ; ibid. m. 37 d. 

Alice daughter of William son of Ralph 
de Preston claimed a tenement against 
Alice daughter of Alexander de Preston ; 
ibid. m. 24. Another Alice daughter of 
Ketel de Preston and wife of Simon son 
of Amabil de Ribbleton claimed land ; 
ibid. 

Roger son of Richard le Pestur of 
Preston (alias Richard de Preston) 
claimed parcels of land against Robert 
the Tailor, Richard son of Uctred de 
Preston and Avice his wife, Richard de 
Aldware and Robert son of Roger de 
Preston ; ibid. m. 41. In another claim 
the same plaintiff showed the following 
pedigree : Award de Preston -s. Roger 
-s. Richard -s. Roger (plaintiff). Award 
had given a messuage to Henry de Pen- 
wortham and Christiana his wife and 
they had died without issue ; ibid. m. 
65 d. 

Adam son of Agnes de Preston, Amery 
his wife, Robert son of Beatrice and Alice 
his wife claimed a strip of land (looft. 
by i ft.) against William son of Roger de 
Preston ; ibid. m. 52 d. Ellen widow of 
Adam son of Philip de Preston claimed 
against Roger son of Adam Russcl of 
Preston and Maud his wife, but was 
non-suited; ibid. m. 54 d. Maud daughter 
of Fulk de Preston was a plaintiff ; ibid, 
m. 9 id. Cecily daughter of Hugh 
Asellison claimed a tenement against 
Geoffrey son of Roger de Preston ; ibid, 
m. 58. 

In 1301 Robert son of Adam son of 
Philip de Preston was sued for dower by 
Amery widow of William Aldeware ; De 
Banco R. 136, m. 46. William son of 
Roger Mirreson had a dispute in 1305 
with Henry son of Robert Attownsend 
of Preston ; Assize R. 420, m. 8. 

Pleadings of 1308-14 show us Albric 
and Avice children of Adam son of Ralph 
de Preston contending with Ralph son 
of Henry son of Ralph ; Assize R. 423, 
m. 5 d. ; 424, m. 5. Adam son of Robert 
de Preston gave a release to John son 
of Robert son of Adam de Preston re- 
specting six messuages and various lands ; 
Alberic the brother of John and Nicholas 
son of William de Preston are named ; 
ibid. m. 2 d. Robert son of William son 
of Roger de Preston and William son of 
Nicholas de Preston were defendants in 
other pleas ; ibid. m. I d., 9. Christiana 



widow of William son of Roger de Preston 
and Robert son of Roger son of Adam 
de Preston were concerned in suits of 
1324-5 ; Assize R. 426, m. 9. 

Other references might be added, but 
the above will show how generally the 
surname was used. In the following 
cases somewhat fuller details than usual 
were alleged : In 1323-4 William de 
Wigan claimed against Albred son of 
Ralph de Preston and Henry son of 
Robert Adcockson certain land which 
had been given by Benedict the Clerk to 
William son of Adam de Preston in free 
marriage with Cecily his daughter, and 
which should descend to plaintiff as son 
and heir of William son and heir of 
Cecily; De Banco R. 252, m. H4d. 
The Prior of Burscough claimed against 
Robert son of John de Preston a tene- 
ment granted by Nicholas the Prior 
(temp. Henry III) to Robert son of 
Adam de Preston by a rent of iBd. ; 
ibid. 340, m. 430 d. Richard son of 
Adam son of Margery de Preston claimed 
an acre against Albred son of Robert son 
of Adam de Preston in 1 346 ; ibid. 
345, m. I52d. 

In 1352 Alice daughter of John (who 
married Margaret) son of Albred son of 
Adam son of Ralph de Preston claimed 
two messuages, 24 acres, &c., against 
Adam Skillington and Alice his wife (in 
her right), Geoffrey de Hacconsall and 
John son of John son of Albred son of 
Adam son of Ralph de Preston (who was 
to inherit after the death of Alice 
Skillington) ; Duchy of Lane. Assize 
R. 2, m. 3 d. (Pent.). Margery daughter 
and heir of Adam son of William Mirre- 
son claimed against Thomas son of 
William Mirreson ; ibid. m. i d. (July). 
John son of Geoffrey son of Robert son 
of Cecily de Preston did not prosecute a 
claim put forward in 1355 against Roger 
son of Adam son of Margery de Preston ; 
ibid. 4, m. 5 d. 

John Preston of Preston had a pardon 
in 1391 ; Cal. Pat, 1388-92, p. 369. 

George Preston, drover, died in 1602 
holding of the corporation in free burgage ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 103 (will recited). 

111 Dugdale, Vint. (Chet. Soc.), 237 ; 
there is a somewhat fuller one in Fish- 
wick, op. cit. 222-3. This is perhaps 
the family referred to by Kuerden about 
1690 in his notice of the former Moly- 
neux Square to the north-east of the 
market-place : ' Most of which belongs 
to that worthy person and purchaser of 
the Townend, the ancient estate formerly 
belonging to the family of Prestons, but 
now in possession of Mr. Rigby, Pater- 
noster Row in London' ; Hardwick, 
Preston, 210. Townend stood near the 
present St. Peter's Church; ibid. zn. 
Henry son of Robert Attownend has been 
already named in 1305. 

Henry Preston, who died in 1549, 
married Isabel Argham, widow, and had 
for heir a son apparently posthumous. 
His principal house was held of the 
Hospitallers by a rent of iod., but he 
held other lands of the heir of Nicholas 
Skillicorn (by i8</. rent), William Stanley 
(14^.) and the borough of the vill of 
Preston (4-d.) ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
ix, no. 19 ; x, no. 10. Henry the son, 
whose will is recited, died in 1599 told- 

99 



ing his father's lands, with the addition 
of Arom's house and lands lately acquired 
of William Arom, deceased, held of the 
mayor and burgesses. William, his son 
and heir, was seventeen years old ; ibid, 
xviii, no. 45. William died in 1640 
holding the same estate and leaving as 
heir a son Henry, aged thirty-five ; ibid. 
xxix, no. 8. The pedigree states that 
Henry died about 1654, leaving a son 
William, aged eighteen in 1664. Henry 
was a Royalist, and his estate was 
sequestered by the Parliament ; Cal. Com. 
for Camp, iv, 2822. The arms of Preston 
of Preston have the chief gules in 
Dugdale's visitation, but its tincture is 
sable in the visitation of 1613. 

113 An earlier barony of Preston is 
said to have been conferred upon the 
family, 1360-90. See G.E.C. Complete 
Peerage^ iv, 55. The arms of Preston 
Viscount Gormanston are Or on a chief 
sable three crescents of the field. 

114 An outline of the family deeds, as 
extant about 1480, is printed in Hist. 
MSS. Com. Rep. iv, 574, &c. It is not 
possible to compile a clear descent there- 
from. The Preston deeds mostly range 
from about 1290 to 1350, and refer, it 
appears, to two families chiefly, one de- 
rived from an Award de Preston -s. 
Roger (the Tailor) -s. Robert (the Tailor) 
-. Henry -bro. Roger ; and the other 
from an Adam de Preston -s. William 
-s. Robert. Thus Roger son of Robert 
the Tailor of Preston made a grant of 
land to William de Preston, burgess 
of Drogheda. This family are often 
erroneously described as 'lords of Pres- 
ton ' ; they were merely burgesses, as 
appears from their charters and the Guild 
Rolls. In 1397 Christopher son of 
Robert de Preston perhaps there were 
two of the name was admitted as a 
burgess, and Christopher and Robert his 
son in 1415 ; Preston Guild R. 2, 5, 7. 

The folio wing local names occur in the 
deeds : Fishwickgate, Fishergate, Aven- 
hamends, Broadlache, Broughton Bridge 
(1312), Gerelriding, Ingolriding, Quint- 
acre, Pepperfield, Newfield under Fulwood, 
Platfordale, Moorplat, the Friars' Garden, 
Swaghwell Syke near the Magdalene's 
Hospital. 

In 1458 Thomas Nelson acquired lands 
in Longton and Preston from Robert 
Preston of Drogheda, and four years later 
Matthew Bolton and Margaret his wife 
purchased all or part from Thomas Nelson 
and Agnes his wife ; Final Cone, iii, 121, 
131. 

Isabel widow of James Harrington of 
Wolfage in 1518 held lands of the heir 
of William de Preston in burgage ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. v, no. 2. 

Ewan Browne of Ribbleton in 1544 
held two burgages in Preston of Lord 
Gormanston by a rent of izd. t and George 
Browne likewise in 1567; but James 
Browne in 1586 held of the mayor, &c., 
in socage and by suit of court ; ibid, vii, 
no. 24 ; xi, no. 4 ; xiv, no. 42. 

Thomas Skinner in 1577 purchased 
Christopher Lord Gormanston's estate in 
Preston and district ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 39, m. 97. Later deeds re- 
garding Skinner's estate were enrolled 
in the Common Pleas, Trin. 1599, rot. 
15 ; Mich. 1599, rot. 27 ; Trin. 1600, 
rot. 9. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 

of Peel Hall, &c., m Blundell, 116 Burnhull, 117 Erghum or Arrom, 118 Fishwick, 119 Hacconsall, 1 " Marshall, 1 



115 Thomas son of Thomas Banastre 
claimed 3 acres in Preston in 1292 
against Simon the Clerk and Margery his 
wife, and it was found that one Richard 
Banastre had disseised Thomas Banastre 
the father ; Assize R. 408, m. 56. Richard 
Banastre then was defendant in another 
plea ; ibid. m. 101. Also later, in 1306; 
De Banco R. 158, m. 115 d. For others 
of the family, ibid. 152, m. 215 d. 
Nicholas and Hugh sons of Paulin de 
Preston claimed land by inheritance in 
1305 against Richard Banastre of Pres- 
ton, Henry de Kirkstile and others ; 
Assize R. 420, m. 8. Henry son of 
Richard Banastre of Preston is named in 
1313; Cal.Pat. 1313-17. P- 53- 

Ellen widow of William de Southworth 
in 13234 claimed 20 acres against 
Henry Banastre of Preston ; De Banco R. 
251, m. n/d. Amery widow of Roger 
at Kirkstile claimed dower against Henry 
Banastre of Walton and others in 1334 ; 
ibid. 300, m. 109 d. 

The Banastres of Bretherton had land, 
&c., in Preston ; it descended like Bal- 
derston, but the tenure is nowhere stated ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 16, &c. 

In 1465 Richard Banastre of Preston 
the younger received from the mayor, 
&c., land on Sicling Moor between the 
new intake of John Breton and Brome- 
field Bank (that had been Henry Banas- 
tre' s) ; Kuerden MSS. iv, P 12. 

William Banastre and Grace his wife 
were defendants in 1494-5 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 79, m. gd. Lawrence 
Banastre of Walton died in 1558 hold ing 
a capital messuage in Preston of the mayor 
and burgesses in free burgage ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 58. Richard 
Banastre appears as vendor in 1548 and 
later ; he and his wife Isabel in 1570 and 
1572 made settlements of messuages and 
lands in Preston and Walton ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 124 ; 27, 
m. 148 (water-mill); 32, m. 73; 34, 
m. 161. 

Among several Banastres at the guilds 
of 1562 and 1582 were Richard Banastre 
of Peel Hall, with sons Thomas, Law- 
rence and George ; Preston Guild R. 20, 32. 
See also the Maudlands deeds in Piccope 
MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 330-4. Peel Hall 
seems to have been near Deepdale Road 
station. 

116 Collections of the deeds of this 
family are in Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 
96^/1376 ; 2042, fol. 171. They show 
that the estates in Preston and neighbour- 
ing townships had been acquired from 
various sources. 

William son of Adam the White gave 
lands to Cockersand Abbey about 1240 ; 
Cockersand Chartul. i, 2 1 6. ' White ' 
may be Blundell. Richard Blundell and 
Joan his wife had two burgages in Pres- 
ton in 1367; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 
101^/142^. Two years later William son 
of Richard Blundell badlands in Cuerden ; 
ibid. 100/1/141^. William del Ashes in 
1373 complained that Richard Blundell 
had been depasturing his land at Preston; 
De Banco R. 451, m. 163. 

William Rose of Ingol in 1377-8 
granted Richard Blundell of Preston land 
in Ingol in Ashton formerly belonging to 
Robert son of John de Blackburn, and 
Richard occurs again the following year ; 
Harl. MS. 21 12, fol. 99^/140^, 101^/142^. 
In 1387-8 Richard Blundell and John 
his son appear; ibid. fol. 98/139. John 



married Agnes daughter of John de 
Middleton about that time ; Harl. MS. 
2042, fol. 171. Agnes was a widow in 
1420; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 98/139. 
Richard son of John Blundell made a 
feofFment in 1435-6; ibid. In 1454-5 
various lands in Preston, Broughton, 
Ingol, Brockholes and Lancaster were 
granted by the feoffees to John Blundell 
(son of Richard son of John) and to 
Agnes widow of John Blundell the grand- 
father ; ibid. fol. 100^/141^. In the 
following year John Blundell and Alice 
his wife made a settlement ; ibid. An 
assignment of dower was made to Alice 
widow of John Blundell in 1493-4; ibid. 

The succession is not quite clear. John 
seems to have been succeeded by brothers 
William and Richard; ibid. In 1511 
Alice wife of John Blundell was bound 
to stand an award in matters disputed 
between her and Richard the brother of 
John Blundell; ibid. fol. 98/139. John 
Hogson and Elizabeth his wife (daughter 
and heir of Richard Blundell) in 1524 
gave lands in Preston, Broughton, Haigh- 
ton, &c., to Agnes Blundell sister of 
Elizabeth ; ibid. fol. 101^/142*. The 
heir male seems to have been Richard 
son of Robert Blundell, described as 
cousin and heir of William Blundell, who 
in 1 5 34 gave lands in Preston to Ellen 
Blundell, widow ; ibid. fol. 99/140. This 
Richard seems to have had a son John, 
living in 1546 ; ibid. fol. 100/141. Richard 
had also a brother Henry, to whom he 
became bound in 1543; ibid. fol. 99^/140/1. 
Richard and Henry his brother were both 
burgesses of Preston Guild in 1542, and 
the latter seems to have been ancestor of 
the later Blundells ; Fishwick, Preston, 
356. From a fine of 1558 it appears that 
Joan daughter of Richard Blundell, de- 
ceased, had married Henry Nicholson ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 20, m. 73. 
The estate was in Preston, Broughton, 
Ingol, Brockholes and Lancaster. Henry 
Blundell was in possession in 1560 ; ibid, 
bdle. 22, m. 93. 

Robert Blundell of Ince died in 1615 
holding a messuage in Preston of the 
king in socage ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 28. 

117 Sir Thurstan de Holland, perhaps 
about 1270, granted a burgage in Preston 
to Nicholas de Burnhull ; Dods. MS. liii, 
fol. 88 b, Roger son of Adam and Henry 
son of Mirre, then bailiffs, attested, and 
the appended seal is curious as showing 
three bulls' heads with a chief vair, and 
the legend -|- s : THVRSTANI : DE : HOLAND. 
Robert de Burnhull and Beatrice his wife 
purchased a messuage in 1352; Final 
Cone, ii, 134. 

118 The name appears at the end of the 
1 4th century among the mayors and clergy 
of the parish church. William de Ergham 
(Arkholme) was guild mayor in 1397, and 
the name, degenerating to Arrom, appears 
down to the I7th century. It has been 
shown above that Arom House was sold to 
the Preston family ; it is said to have been 
acquired later by the Pattens, who on the 
site erected their great mansion, afterwards 
the town residence of the Earls of Derby; 
Fishwick, op. cit. 75. 

William Arram and Anne his wife had 
a messuage, &c., in Preston in 1583 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 45, m. 28. 

119 Gilbert de Fishwick held a messuage 
and ij acres claimed by Roger son of 
Baldwin the Kirkman in 1292 ; Assize 

IOO 



R. 408, m. 39 d. Maud widow of Hugh 
de Preston in 1323-4 claimed dower 
against John the Marshal and Hugh de 
Fishwick ; De Banco R. 248, m. I2od. 
Hugh son of Richard Mabbeson of Fish- 
wick was defendant in 1333 ; ibid. 294, 
m. 1 86 d. William son of Roger de Fish- 
wick of Preston was defendant in 13467; 
ibid. 347, m. I58d. ; 352, m. 338 d. 
There was a dispute in 1360 concerning 
seven messuages, &c., between William 
son of William son of Richard de Ribbleton 
and others plaintiffs, and John de Fishwick 
and Christiana his wife defendants ; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. 8, m. ii. 

In 1420 Thomas son of Nicholas Fish- 
wick acquired a messuage from John 
Tyrell ; Final Cone, iii, 78. 

120 Geoffrey de Hacconsall and Margery 
his wife were among the defendants to a 
claim for dower brought in 1339 by Mar- 
gery widow of Henry son of Robert de 
Preston; De Banco R. 279, m. ig2d. 
Geoffrey in 1340 obtained land in Wood- 
holme from Albred son of Adam son of 
Ralph de Preston ; Duchy of Lane. Assize 
R. 2, m. iii d. William the son and Mar- 
gery the widow of Geoffrey were defen- 
dants in 1356, when Simon de Preston 
claimed certain land; ibid. 5, m. 26. 
This Simon was son of John son of 
Robert son of Adam de Preston, and 
brother and heir of Robert son and 
heir of John ; Assize R. 435, m. 9. A 
claim made by Thomas son of Nicholas 
Deuias son of Agnes daughter of William 
the Smith shows that this William and 
Alice his wife had made a grant to William 
son of Geoffrey de Hacconsall. Nicholas 
Deuias had died at Calais, leaving Thomas 
his son under age in 1353 ; ibid. m. 22. 
William the Smith was living in 1338 ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 396. 

John the grandson of Geoffrey was out- 
lawed and hanged for felony at Berwick, 
and in 1406 his heir was found to be his 
brother Roger. A pedigree is given, but 
the tenure of the burgages, &c., is not 
recorded ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
813. In 1411 a charter was enrolled by 
which Robert Hacconsall gave William 
Dutton a house in Fishergate and a rood 
of land annexed to the same and 3 acres 
in the moor near the highway to Ribble- 
ton ; Dep. Keeper s Rep. xxxiii, App. 10. 

121 Richard the Marshal of Preston 
complained in 1292 that William son of 
Paulin de Preston had detained his wife 
Milla in prison for a week ; Assize R. 
408, m. 20. William the Marshal was a 
defendant in 1302; De Banco R. 144, 
m. 319. Alan the Marshal occurs in 
1329; ibid. 279, m. I92d. John the 
Marshal in 1330 received a messuage 
from William son of Adam de Tyrel of 
Preston ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 224. 
Alexander the Marshal in 1347 obtained 
a messuage, &c., from William son of 
John de Ashton and Alice his wife ; 
Final Cone, ii, 124. In 1352 Cecily 
widow of Alexander son of William the 
Marshal acquired the fourth part of 
certain messuages owned by Roger Starkie 
and Maud his wife ; ibid. 134. 

John the Marshal and Alice his wife in 
1376 obtained 2 acres from John Hunt 
and Agnes his wife; ibid. 191. It is 
possible that Alice was the widow of , 
Roger de Birewath, about whose lands 
inquiry was made in 1394-5, when it 
was found that Roger had died without 
heir and that his widow had married John 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED PRESTON 

Leyland." 8 Molyneux of Cuerdale, 183 Pelle, 1 " Wall, 1 ' 6 descending by an heiress to French, Werden, w and 





PRESTON of Preston. 
Or on a chief gules three 
crescents of the field. 



B RE RES. Ermine on 
a canton azure a falcon 
volant or. 





KUERDEN. Per bend 
sinister or and azure a 
griffin iegreant counter- 
changed. 



WINCKLEY. Per pale 
argent and gules an eagle 
displayed counter changed. 



Walton, with lands also in Fishwick and Ashton," 6 Wich " 8 ; of these the Walls recorded pedigrees in 



le Marshal ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), 
i, 56 ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 527. 
Roger was living in 1372 ; Kuerden MSS. 
ii, fol. 224. 

James Marshall was a burgess in 
1459 ; Preston Guild R. n. In 1483 he 
held lands in Preston in conjunction with 
Grace his wife ; the tenure is not stated ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 119-20. 

From a fine of 1526 it appears that 
George Henryson married Grace daughter 
of Lawrence Marshall ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. ii, m. 168. 

122 Roger de Leyland and Maud his 
wife in 1307 claimed an acre against 
Richard son of Adam Russel ; De Banco 
R. 162, m. 198. John son of Thomas 
de Leyland was plaintiff in 1344 against 
John de Leyland of Preston and others ; 
Assize R. 1435, m. 43d, Margaret 
widow of John de Leyland and Cecily his 
daughter and heir, who had married 
Henry son of John de Coppull, appear in 
1358 ; Assize R. 438, m. 1 3d. Another 
John Leyland and Cecily his wife occur 
in 1387 and 1422 ; Final Cone, iii, 30, Si. 

123 Ibid, ii, 135, 148. This estate 
seems to have been afterwards held by 
Lord Mounteagle ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. v, no. 64. In 1560, however, his 
Preston lands were held as part of the 
lordship of Hornby ; ibid, xi, no. I. 

124 William Pelle son of Adam in 1303 
claimed a messuage and I'J acres against 
Ismania Pelle, who had entry by Richard 
Pelle, to whom Adam had demised when 
(so it was alleged) he was of unsound 
mind ; De Banco R. 148, m. 43 ; Assize 
R. 420, m. 5. 

125 A Thomas Wall occurs in the guild 
of 1415 ; Preston Guild R. 7. The 
family did not attain any prominence till 
the first half of the i6th century, when 
two brothers Lawrence and Evan Wall 
acquired estates ; Add. MS. 32109, fol. 
119. Fines of 1556 and later refer to 
their possessions ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 17, m. 126 ; 25, m. 183, &c. At 
the guild of 1562 Thomas Wall was 
mayor, Evan his brother was a seneschal 
and Lawrence clerk of the guild, while 
Anthony son of William (apparently 
deceased) and heir of Evan Wall was 
enrolled ; Preston Guild R . 20. See a 
subsequent note. 

126 In 1 3 1 9-20 Roger son of Henry son 
of Waste de Cuerdale granted half a bur- 
gage to John son of Geoffrey de Walton ; 
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1096. William 
de Walton and Alice his wife made a 
settlement in 1386 ; Final Cone, iii, 27. 

John de Walton, a mercer, was living 
in the time of Richard II, and acquired 



messuages, &c., in Preston and Ashton ; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 226. He made a 
feoffment of his lands in the townships 
just named and in Fishwick in 1407 ; 
Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 167^. He occurs 
again in the time of Henry V and his 
widow Agnes in 1419 ; Kuerden MS. ii, 
fol. 224. Henry Walton of Marsden in 
1437-8 released his right in the family 
estates to Richard son of John Walton of 
Preston ; ibid. A little later, in 1444-5, 
the feoffees gave lands to John Breton and 
Agnes his wife apparently the widow 
above - named with remainders to 
Richard Walton of Preston, &c. ; ibid, 
fol. 226. 

Various members of the family or 
families occur in the pleadings about this 
time; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 8, m. 13, 
31^5 9, m. io, 16, 19^. A William 
Walton, spicer, and Joan his wife were 
living in 1465 ; Kuerden MSS. iv, P 120, 
no. 41. 

John Highfield (temp. Edw. IV) made 
claims against John the son and Isabel 
the widow of Richard Preston and against 
John the son and Joan the widow of 
William Walton ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 
23, m. 6. 

James son of Richard Walton was a 
burgess in 1459 ; Preston Guild R. II. 
In 1485-6 the feoffees gave to James son 
of Richard Walton certain burgages, &c. ; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 227. 

James the son of Richard occurs from 
1462 onwards, but was dead in 1499, 
when his widow Ellen and son James 
are named ; Duchy of Lane. Anct. D. 
(P.R.O.), L 1059 (the collection contains 
other Walton family deeds). 

From pleadings of 1528-32 the latter 
James appears to have had two sons 
Richard and Thomas, the latter settling 
at Bermondsey, while Richard was suc- 
ceeded by his son James, called 'the 
younger,' and his lands were in part the 
rectory lands, held on lease from the Dean 
and Chapter of the New College of 
Leicester by a rent of 13*. 4^. ; Duchy 
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 
5-8. 

The elder and the younger James 
Walton were aldermen of the guild of 
1542; Preston Guild R. 15. In 1544 
James Walton the elder purchased two 
messuages or burgages, &c., from John 
Stodagh ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 
12, m. 132. 

In 1558 Richard son and heir of James 
Walton ' the younger ' according to the 
Guild Roll gave lands in Preston and 
Fishwick to George Walton his brother ; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 227. Grace widow 

101 



of James Walton and Richard their son 
and heir appear in 1564 ; ibid. 

Richard Walton died in 1569 holding 
certain burgages and a horse-mill of the 
queen in socage as of her manor of East 
Greenwich ; other burgages and lands, &c., 
in Preston, Fishwick and Ashton of the 
queen by a rent of 7*. James, the son 
and heir, was only four months old ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 26. 
James Walton died in 1598 holding the 
same estate, and leaving a son Richard 
ten years old ; ibid, xvii, no. 66. Richard 
Walton was an alderman of the guild of 
1622, and his sons James and William 
were then enrolled ; Preston Guild R. 
65-6. 

James Walton died in 1635 holding 
the estate described ; his son and heir 
Richard was only two years old ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 34. Richard 
died the same year, leaving an infant 
sister Anne as heir ; ibid, xxviii, no. 63. 
Anne afterwards married Edward French. 

Besides this main line there were other 
branches of the family well known in 
Preston. 

127 Fishwick, op. cit. 274-6. 

James Werden, mercer, died in 1607 
holding burgages, &c., in Fishergate, Hep- 
greave, Cawsey Meadow and Great 
Avenham of the king in free burgage by 
id. rent ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 97. He left a son 
and heir Edmund, aged twelve. His will 
is recited in the inquisition. 

128 In 1325-6 William son of Paulin 
de Preston claimed land against John son 
of Roger del Wich and against John son 
of Adam del Wich ; De Banco R. 260, 
m. 50. John (perhaps the second of 
these) in 1328 purchased a messuage in 
Preston from Adam Agnesson and Amery 
his wife ; Final Cone, ii, 70. Adam son 
of Adam del Wich appears in 1335 and 
1348; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1117; 
Kuerden MSS. iii, P 7. A Roger son of 
John de Wich was in 1339 pardoned for 
the death of William son of Nicholas de 
Preston. He had broken out of prison at 
Lancaster and had abjured the realm ; 
Cal. Pat. 133840, p. 337. John del 
Wich was a bailiff of Preston in 1347, 
and Roger del Wich was mayor in 1366 ; 
OO, no. 1105, 1116. 

Alice widow of John del Wich re- 
covered a messuage, mill, &c., in July 
1351 against Roger son of Roger de 
Birewath ; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. i, 
m. 4. At the same time Roger del Wich 
and Ellen daughter of Adam del Wich 
were defendants in a Mirreson suit ; ibid. 
The messuage of Roger del Wich escheated 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



1 5 67"" and 1664," and Banastre 131 and Blun- 
dell 131 in the latter year. In 1613 pedigrees were 
recorded by two families named Breres, 133 one of 
them holding the old Friary. 1 * 4 In 16645, in 
addition to those named, the families of Ashton, 1 " 
Chorley, 136 French, 137 Hesketh, 138 Hodgkinson, 139 
Johnson, 140 Kuerden, 141 Law, 1 " Legh, 143 Lemon, 144 
Mort, 145 Pigot, 146 Shaw ur and Winckley 148 recorded 



their pedigrees as ' of Preston.' Other well-known 
names appear in the iyth century as Addison, 14 * 
Patten, 150 ancestors of the Earls of Derby, 1503 Pedder, 1 " 
Sudell 15> and Walmesley. 143 Many of these were 
lawyers. In later times others become prominent, 
as manufacturers brought wealth to the town and 
increased its population. 164 

Under the Commonwealth the estates of several of 



to the duke for felony, and in 1359 was 
regranted to Roger and his heirs at a rent 
of 2J. ; Dtp. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 340. 
129 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 49. 
Anthony Wall, the grandson and heir of 
Evan (already named), terminates the 
descent. He acquired Chingle Hall in 
Whittingham by his mother, Ann Single- 
ton. He died in 1601 holding nine 
messuages, a windmill and lands in 
Preston (tenure not stated), and lands in 
Whittingham and Haighton ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 6. William 
his son and heir, then aged eight, died at 
Whittingham in 1626, leaving a son 
William, eight years of age ; ibid, xxvi, 
no. 50. 

180 Dugdale, Vhit. (Chet. Soc.), 323. 
Their arms are Argent a bend gules 
between three boars' heads couped sable 
armed argent. For the later descents 
see Fishwick, Preston, 241. 

In 1664 the Walls of Moor Hall also 
recorded a pedigree ; Dugdale, op. cit. 324. 
They were descended from the above- 
mentioned Lawrence, brother of Evan 
Wall. Further descents may be seen in 
Fishwick, op. cit. 243-4. 

181 Dugdale, Visit. 25. Their arms 
were entered as Argent a pair of water- 
bougets sable, on a chief of the field three 
fleurs de lis of the second. One of the 
later members of the family is supposed 
to be the ' brave Banastre,' innkeeper, 
who entertained ' Drunken Barnaby ' ; 
Fishwick, op. cit. 350. 

132 Dugdale, op. cit. 40. Blundell of 
Preston differenced the arms of Blundell 
of Ince by changing their canton into 
argent with a squirrel sejant gules. 

188 Vhit. (Chet. Soc.), 93, 95. See 
also Fishwick, op. cit. 3237. 

184 Oliver Breres purchased a messuage 
and land in Preston in 1544 from 
Humphrey Newton and Etheldreda his 
wife, and made a further purchase in 
1564 in conjunction with Elizabeth his 
wife, from Richard Greenacres ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 135 ; 26, 
m. 58. Oliver Breres and John his son 
and heir were at the guild of 1562 ; 
Preston Guild R. 20. 

Oliver died in 1572, leaving as heir his 
above-named son John, then twenty-seven 
years of age, and husband of Elizabeth 
daughter of William Lister. The site of 
the Grey Friars, the church, belfry, ceme- 
tery, &c., was held of the queen by 
knight's service ; a kiln house, horse- 
mill, windmill, &c., were held of the 
mayor and burgesses by free burgage ; 
there were also lands in Bowland ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 13. Oliver's 
widow Cecily was living in 1592 ; Ex- 
chequer Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), 7. 

In 1608-9 Oliver Breres of Hamerton, 
Mary his wife, Thomas his brother and 
Bridget his wife conveyed to Roger Langton 
of Preston a burgage in the market-place 
with ij acres appurtenant, the house of 
the Friars Minors or Grey Friars and 
lands therewith, with right of turbary in 
Penwortham Moss, and a windmill in 



Preston ; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), 
xiv, 73. From other deeds (p. 74) it 
appears that the burgage referred to was 
the Castle Inn. For the Langton family 
see the account of Broughton. 

185 Dugdale, Visit. 12 ; they were a 
branch of the Ashtons of Croston, whose 
arms, Argent a cheveron between three 
chaplets gules, they differenced with a 
crescent. 

186 Ibid. 82 ; see also Fishwick, op. cit. 
329. They bore the arms of Chorley of 
Chorley. 

187 Dugdale, Visit. 112. The family 
was descended from Matthew French, 
rector of North Meols, whose son Edward, 
as already stated, married Anne daughter 
and heir of James Walton of Preston. 
No arms were exemplified. 

138 Dugdale, Visit. 137; a branch of 
the family of Whitehill in Goosnargh. 
They differenced the arms of Hesketh of 
Rufford with a canton argent. 

189 Ibid. 142. They bore arms Or a 
cross quarter-pierced and five cinque- 
foils vert. An account of the family, 
with pedigree and abstracts of deeds, ap- 
peared in the Pal. Note Bk. iv, 163, 188, 
221. Among other local names appear 
the Rushy heys, the Knoll heys (between 
a venella called Ribbleton Lane on the 
south and a road called Daykergate on the 
west), Rawmoors and Farthing Hill. 

Luke Hodgkinson, who had adhered 
'to the forces raised against the Parlia- 
ment in the first war,' compounded for 
his 'delinquency* in 1649. He had a 
horse-mill and some land in Preston ; 
Royalist Comp. P. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), iii, 231. 

Two of the name, Luke and Henry 
Hodgkinson, were attainted for taking 
part in the rebellion of 1 7 1 5 ; Fishwick, 
op. cit. 66 ; Preston Guild R. 169. For a 
Lancashire Jesuit named Charles Hodg- 
kinson, 1700-70, see Foley, Rec. S. J. 
vii, 363. 

140 Dugdale, Visit. 164 5 they came 
from Welch Whittle and bore arms 
Argent a lion passant gules, on a chief or 
three acorns vert. 

141 Ibid. 167 ; see the account of 
Cuerden. 

142 Ibid. 178. Their arms were Argent 
an eagle double-headed displayed vert. 

143 A branch of the family of Legh of 
Lyme, whose arms, Gules a cross en- 
grailed argent, they differenced with a 
canton or ; ibid. 182. 

144 Ibid. 184 ; a Walton-le-Dale family. 
A continuation of the pedigree may be 
seen in Fishwick, op. cit. 234. There is 
also printed the inventory of the goods of 
Edmund Lemon, 1609, showing the shop 
fixtures and household stuff of a prosperous 
townsman ; ibid. 226-30. By William 
Lemon's will the estates went in 1724 to 
his kinsman John Winckley; ibid. 232. 
No arms were exemplified in 1664. 

145 Dugdale, Visit. 212, where no 
arms are given. Adam Mort, mayor, 
killed when Preston was captured by 
the Parliamentarians in 164.3, ^ as ^ een 
mentioned. The family occurs also in 

102 



Leigh and Hulton. What became of the 
Preston branch is not clear ; Fithwick, 
op. cit. 323. 

From the Royalist Comp. P. (iv, 196-8) 
it appears that Adam Mort of Preston was 
the third son of Adam Mort of Tyldesley 
and in 1622 married Elizabeth daughter 
of Seth Bushell of Preston. The younger 
Adam had two children (Seth and Janet), 
who petitioned the Sequestration Com- 
missioners in 1651, Seth's estate having 
been 'secured for acts of delinquency 
supposed to have been done by him.' 

146 Dugdale, Visit. 233. Their arms are 
Ermine three lozenges conjoined in fesse 
sable, quartering Kay and Parkinson. 

147 Ibid. 259 ; they traced their ancestry 
to ' William Shaw of Shaw Hall in Ley- 
land,' and bore arms Argent a cheveron 
ermine and a canton gules. The pedi- 
gree is continued to the present date by 
Fishwick, op. cit. 341. A junior branch 
acquired the manor of Fishwick (q.v.). 

148 Dugdale, Visit. 334. See further in 
the account of Brockholes. 

149 Thomas Addison, haberdasher, and 
his three sons were burgesses in 1582 ; 
Preston Guild R. 44. Thomas Batty Addi- 
son was recorder of the borough till his 
death in 1874. 

loo William Patten and his two sons were 
members of the guild in 1642 ; ibid. 101. 

I50a The inheritance passed by an heiress 
to the Stanleys of Bickerstaffe and so to 
the Earls of Derby ; see the account of 
Thornley in Chipping. 

151 Richard and Thomas, sons of Thomas 
Pcdder, deceased, were burgesses in 1682; 
ibid. 173. The Pedders were bankers and 
acquired great wealth and many estates in 
the neighbourhood, remaining till the bank 
stopped payment in 1861. 

Abram (Blackburn, 728) gives the descent 
thus: Thomas Pedder, d. 1680 -s. Richard, 
d. 1726 -s. Richard, d. 1762 -s. Edward, 
d. 1818 -s. Edward of Walton-le-Dale, 
d. 1835. The last-named had brothers 
Thomas and James. James Pedder of 
Ashton Lodge died in 1846. 

Colonel Charles Denison Pedder served 
in the Crimean War ; Hewitson, Preston, 
376. 152 Fishwick, op. cit. 3503. 

159 The Walmesleys seem to have in- 
herited the estate of the Walls of Moor 
Hall above-mentioned. A fine was made 
in 1739-40 concerning thirty-four mes- 
suages, lands, &c., in Preston, Fulwood, 
Haighton and other places, the deforciants 
being Lawrence Wall and Elizabeth his 
wife, Nicholas Walmesley, Elizabeth his 
wife and Margaret Wall ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 322, m. 1 1 8. Four years 
later the same estate appears to have been 
divided between Nicholas Walmesley and 
Elizabeth his wife on one side and John 
Hardman and Margaret his wife on the 
other; ibid. bdle. 330, m. 63. From the 
pedigree in Fishwick (op. cit. 244) it 
would seem that Elizabeth and Margaret 
were daughters and co-heirs of James Wall, 
elder brother of the Lawrence named. 

154 John Cross made a purchase of 
lands in 1773 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 400, m. 150. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



the townsmen were sequestrated for political or 
religious reasons, 155 and in 1717 two * Papists ' 
registered estates in the township. 156 

The parish church has been described above. 
The population remaining comparatively stationary 
no other church was needed in the town till 1724, 
when St. George's I57 was built as a chapel of ease at 
what was then the western edge of the town. A 
parish was attached to it in i844. 158 The building 
was encased in stone in 1845, and almost entirely 
rebuilt in 1885. After the lapse of nearly a century 
a great effort was made to provide additional accom- 
modation, and the following churches have been 
built -.Holy Trinity 1 8 14-1 5, 159 St. Peter's i822, 160 
St. Paul's 1 82 3-5, 161 Christ Church i836-7, 16i St. 
James's, built by a newly-formed denomination, 
acquired in 1838, rebuilt 1870-8 1, 163 St. Mary's 
I836-8, 164 St. Thomas's 1837-9, All Saints' 
1 846-8. 166 Somewhat later are : St. Luke's 167 and 
St. Saviour's i859, 168 St. Mark's i863, 169 Emmanuel 
i87o, 170 St. Stephen's, first opened as a chapel of ease 
to Christ Church in 1869, the present church being 
erected in i888, 171 St. Matthew's i88o~3, 171 and St. 
Jude's i893. 173 There are mission rooms connected 
with several of the churches. St. Philip's Protestant 
Church was opened in l894~6. 174 



Wesleyan Methodism obtained a standing in the 
town about I78i, 175 when it is stated that a room in 
St. John's Street was used 176 ; in 1787 a small 
chapel in Back Lane was erected. 177 The church in 
Lune Street succeeded it about i8i7, 178 and was 
practically rebuilt in 1862; Wesley Church, North 
Road, originated in l839, 179 that at Moor Park in 
iS6z, m Marsh Lane in i873, 181 and two others. 18 * 
The Primitive Methodists appeared in i8io, 183 their 
first meeting-place being in a yard off Friargate ; 
then they built a chapel in Lawson Street, which 
was in 18367 abandoned for that in Saul Street. 
A mission in Deepdale, begun about 1876, resulted 
in the present church there. The United Methodist 
Free Church 184 has Orchard Chapel, built in 1831 
and rebuilt 1862, and Moor Lane, 1873, which has 
absorbed the congregation of Parker Street Chapel, 
built in 1852. 

The Congregationalists date from about ijjz, 1 ** 
when, probably on account of the Unitarianism of 
the old Nonconformist chapel, a place of worship for 
the more Evangelical members was opened in Back 
Lane. Lady Huntingdon helped the cause, which 
struggled on until in 1790 an Independent chapel 
was built in Chapel Street 186 ; it was in 1826 
removed to Cannon Street. This church was 



Notices of the families of Prichard and 
Grimshaw are given in Fishwick, op. cit. 

335,.353- 

160 Some cases have been already named. 
The lands of Thomas Shepherd of Preston 
were declared forfeit in 1652 and sold ; 
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 44 ; Cal. 
Com. for Comp. iv, 3134. In 1649 
Thomas Vavasour compounded for his 
'delinquency ' in taking arms against the 
Parliament ' in both wars ' ; ibid, iii, 
2012. This surname does not occur in 
the Guild Rolls. Two-thirds of the estate 
of Grace Wilkinson, deceased, had been 
sequestered for her recusancy, and a dis- 
charge was granted in 1655 ; ibid. T, 
3220. She was perhaps the Grace 
Wilkinson named in connexion with land 
in Whittingham in 1598 ; Ducatus Lane. 
(Rec. Com.), iii, 397. 

158 Richard Jackson and Anne Hodg- 
kinson ; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Non-jurors, 97, 155. 

157 Hewitson, Preston, 471-5, where 
the monuments are described. One of 
the incumbents, Robert Harris, B.D., 
formerly Fellow of Sidney Sussex Coll., 
Camb., held it for the long period of 
sixty-four years, from 1797 to 1862. 
The vicar of Preston is patron. 

Descriptions of this and other modern 
churches with lists of incumbents will be 
found in Fishwick, op. cit. 153, &c. 

158 Land. Gaz. 20 Feb. 

159 The site was formerly known as 
Patten Field. The money for it was 
raised by subscriptions and the sale of 
pews. It had at one time the most 
influential congregation in the town ; 
Hewitson, op. cit. 475-6. 

A parish was assigned to it in 1844 ; 
Land. Gaz. 20 Feb. The vicar of Preston 
presents. 

160 The original cost was defrayed from 
' the million grant.' The spire was added 
in 1852. A tombstone in the graveyard 
commemorates Richard Turner (1846) as 
' author of the word Teetotal, as applied 
to abstinence from intoxicating liquors ' ; 
Hewitson, op. cit. 478. The parish was 
formed in 1 844 ; Land. Gaas. 20 Feb. 
The vicar of Preston is patron. 



161 This church also was built from the 
parliamentary grant ; Hewitson, op. cit. 
478. The parish was formed in 1844; 
Land. Gam. 20 Feb. The vicar of Preston 
is patron. 

162 Hewitson, op. cit. 481. Themission 
room in Savoy Street originally belonged 
to the Methodists, but was sold by them 
in 1880 ; ibid. The patronage is vested 
in trustees. 

168 The builders styled themselves the 
1 Primitive Episcopal Church ' ; they were 
unable to pay for it. It was first a 
chapel of ease to the parish church, but 
consecrated in 1841 for an independent 
parish; Hewitson, op. cit. 485-92. The 
vicar of Preston presents. The district 
was created in 1844 ; Land. Gaz. 20 Feb. 

164 Hewitson, op. cit. 485. The patron- 
age is vested in trustees. 

165 The cost was defrayed by the Hynd- 
man fund, and Miss Hyndman's trustees 
are patrons ; ibid. 484. 

168 The origin of the church is interest- 
ing. A number of poor working men 
began subscribing for a new church for a 
clergyman who, as curate, had endeared 
himself to them ; it was therefore called 
the 'poor man's church'; ibid. 492. 
The patronage is vested in trustees. 

167 Ibid. 493. The parish was formed 
in 1860; Land. Gass. 3 Aug. Simeon's 
Trustees are patrons. 

168 Hewitson, op. cit. 495-7. The 
church occupies the site of the old Baptist 
chapel, 1783. After being purchased in 
1859 it was used for service till 1866 and 
then pulled down for the erection of the 
present church, opened in 1868. The 
parish was formed in 1869 ; Land. Gaz. 
1 6 Apr. The vicar of St. James's presents. 

169 Hewitson, op. cit. 495. The parish 
was formed in 1866 ; Land. Gas;. 2 Jan. 
The patronage is exercised alternately by 
the vicar of Preston and the trustees of 
Christ Church. 

170 Hewitson, op. cit. 497. The parish 
was formed in 1871 ; Land. Gaz. 4 July. 
The vicar of Preston presents alternately 
with the incumbent of St. Peter's. 

171 Hewitson, op. cit. 483. The Bishop 
of Manchester collates. 

103 



172 Ibid. 498. The parish was formed 
in 1885. The Bishop of Manchester 
collates. 

178 Trustees have the patronage at 
present, but it will go to the Bishop of 
Manchester eventually. 

St. Philip's, 1871, and St. Barnabas's, 
1872, were school chapels of ease to St. 
Thomas's and St. Paul's, but have been 
disused for service since St. Jude's was 
opened. 

174 It was built by those connected with 
St. Philip's chapel of ease, who were dis- 
satisfied with St. Jude's Church. 

175 T ne Methodist preachers first visited 
Preston about 1777 ; Hewitson, op. cit. 
519. 

176 Preston was included in Colne 
circuit in 1776, in Blackburn in 1787, 
and became head of a circuit in 1799. 
Wesley visited the town in 1780, 1781, 
1784 and 1790 ; Fishwick, Preston, 
170-1. 

177 This was afterwards sold and used 
as a warehouse ; Hewitson, op. cit. 520. 

178 Ibid. 521 ; lists of ministers are 
given. 

179 Ibid. 526. In 1868 this church 
became the head of a second circuit in 
Preston. 

180 Ibid. 526. 

181 Ibid. 525. 

182 In St. Mary Street (1865) and 
Acregate Lane. There are also some 
mission rooms. 

188 Ibid. 536. In addition to those 
named in the text there was an 
iron chapel in Fylde Road from 1879 
onwards. 

184 Ibid. 534-5. The congregation 
which first built Orchard Chapel were 
known as Protestant Wesleyan Metho- 
dists ; Hardwick, Preston, 483. 

185 B. Nightingale, Lanes. Nonconf. i, 
21-47. The author, of whose work great 
use has been made in the present history, 
has since 1888 been minister of Cannon 
Street Church. 

186 This building was turned into 
offices and shops ; it was at the wel 
era corner of Chapel Street and Fisher- 
gate. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



enlarged in 1852 and greatly altered in 1887. A 
second church was opened in Grimshaw Street in 
i8o8, 187 and this was rebuilt in 1859. A third, the 
result of a secession from Cannon Street, was built in 
Lancaster Road in 1863, a beginning having been 
made two years before. 188 

The Baptist church in Fishergate has sprung from 
a small meeting which can be traced back to i/Sz. 189 
A church was formed in the following year, with the 
concurrence of the Particular or Calvinistic Baptist 
Church in Prescot Street near the Tower of 
London. 190 A building was erected in Leeming 
Street, now Manchester Road, in I784~5, 191 and 
services went on there until about 1856 ; the old 
building was sold 192 and the present one in Fisher- 
gate was opened in i858. 193 A division in the 
congregation had in 1854 led to the foundation of a 
church in Pole Street, 194 which had a continuous 
history until 1901, about which time the congre- 
gation dissolved. The trustees afterwards reopened 
the building, known as Carey, the new church being 
formed in 1905 or I9o6. 198 The General Baptists 
had a mission in the town from 1825 till about 
1 840 ; they are thought to have used Vauxhall 
Chapel. This building, which had had various 
uses, 196 was acquired about 1845 by a body of 
Baptists who clung to Calvinistic tenets when the 
denomination in general was relinquishing them 197 ; 
in 1853 a division led to the building of a small 
chapel, called Zoar, in Regent Street, 198 from which 
the congregation has migrated to Great Avenham 
Street. The Tabernacle, St. George's Road, is 
another small Baptist church which has existed for 
about thirty years. 



The Presbyterian Church of England has a place 
of worship in St. Paul's Square, opened in iSyS. 199 

The Unitarian church in Preston, as in many 
other places, represents the old Nonconforming 
congregation, which had a more or less secret 
existence from the Act of Uniformity of 1662 till 
toleration was granted at the Revolution. 200 The 
chapel, near the east end of Church Street, was built 
about 1717 by Sir Henry Hoghton of Hoghton. 
The doctrine is said to have been Arian or Unitarian 
from an early period of its history. 201 

The Society of Friends can be traced back to 
i68o. 202 Their meeting-house between Friargate 
and Back Lane was acquired in 1784 and rebuilt in 
1797 and 1847. The district and county meetings 
of the Society are held in it. 203 There is a Free 
Gospel church dating from i858, 204 and the Salvation 
Army has stations. The New Jerusalem Church in 
Avenham Road began in i844. 205 The Catholic 
Apostolic Church, or Irvingites, after meeting in 
various rooms acquired in 1882 a small church in 
Regent Street 206 originally built by the Particular 
Baptists. 207 Some minor religious efforts failed to 
secure a permanent standing. 208 The Mormons also 
failed to establish themselves. 209 

In spite of the large number of faithful adherents 
of Roman Catholicism known to have lived in Preston 
during the times of persecution there is here, as 
elsewhere, the greatest obscurity in the story of their 
worship, 210 though rooms may have been secretly 
used for mass even in the town itself, particularly in 
the Friargate district. 211 It was here that the first 
St. Mary's Chapel was built in 1761. It was 
demolished by the mob during the election contest 



187 Nightingale, op. cit. i, 48-60. The 
first minister, William Manning Walker, 
had been the minister of the Unitarian 
congregation. Another notable pastor 
was Richard Slate, 1826-61, author of a 
Life of Oliver Heywood, &c. 

188 Nightingale, op. cit. i, 60-66. 

189 W. Shaw, Fishergate Baptist Ch. 
(Preston, 1883). It is an error to regard 
these Baptists as belonging to the 
Arminian or General denomination. 

190 Some of the Preston Baptists were 
members of this congregation, which 
dates back to about 1635. 

191 The cause appears to have been a 
struggling one ; it was ' in a low con- 
dition' in 1794 ; Rippon, Reg. 7. 

191 St. Saviour's Church stands on the 
site of it ; see above. The (Harris) 
Institution was used for service pending 
the erection of Fishergate Church. 

193 The Fishergate congregation was 
augmented by a small Scotch Baptist 
church formed about 1829. Hardwick 
(quoting Baines) calls themSandemanians; 
they had a room in Church Street and 
from 1845 occupied a small chapel in 
Meadow Street. 

194 This section acquired a chapel 
called St. Mark's, built in 1826 for the 
Calvinistic Methodists of Lady Hunting- 
don's Connexion, who had previously met 
in Cannon Street ; Baines, Lanes. Dir. 
1825, ii, 488. 

195 This and other information as to the 
Baptists is due to the Rev. Dr. Whitley, 
minister of the Fishergate Church. 

196 It was built originally for the New 
Connexion of Methodists about 1814, but 
was in 1819 sold to a 'body of semi- 
Episcopalians,' and called St. Paul's ; the 



service followed the form of the Estab- 
lished Church, but the minister was not 
ordained ; Baines, op. cit. Afterwards 
the Wesleyans had it, then the Baptists 
and others. 

197 Hardwick (quoting Baines) states 
that this congregation sprang up in 1833 
and met in Cannon Street. 

198 Hardwick, Preston, 482. 

199 Hewitson, op. cit. 537. 

200 The celebrated Nonconformist, Isaac 
Ambrose, formerly vicar, resided in the 
town from 1662 till his death in 1664. 
There is evidence of other Nonconformists 
living and preaching there ; Nightingale, 
op. cit. i, 9, 68. In 1689 licences for 
two Nonconformist meeting-places were 
granted ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. 
iv, 232. 

John Turner, the minister in 1715, 
who was ' a Calvinist of the most strict 
and rigid form,' actively assisted the 
government forces during the Jacobite 
occupation of the town, he and his con- 
gregation being employed by General 
Wills as scouts ; Nightingale, op. cit. i, 
II. 

301 Hewitson, op. cit. 515-17. Mr. 
Nightingale, however, brings evidence to 
show that Unitarianism did not prevail 
till about 1770 ; op. cit. i, 22-3. 

102 A meeting-place was registered in 
1689 ; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 
231. The registers begin in 1660 and 
the minutes of the Fylde (now Preston) 
monthly meeting in 1700 ; Fishwick, op. 
cit. 172. George Fox visited Preston 
several times, but it is not recorded that 
he preached there. 

203 Hewitson, op. cit. 51719. 

204 Ibid. 536. 

104 



205 Ibid. 535. 208 Ibid. 537. 

807 Zoar Chapel, named above. 

208 The Countess of Huntingdon's Con- 
nexion and the Methodist New Connexion 
have been mentioned. Hardwick (op. cit. 
483) states that a Primitive Episcopalian 
Chapel was built in Gorst Street in 1837 
for Mr. Aitkin's New Christian Society. 
Nothing is known of this now, and there 
may have been some confusion with the 
original of St. James's Church. 

209 Ibid. 538. 

210 Mass appears to have been said at 
Cottam, Tulketh, Broughton and Fish- 
wick. 

211 The story that a chapel existed there 
as early as 1605 is not supported by any 
definite evidence. It could not have re- 
mained in use during the Commonwealth 
period. 

In 1689, however, we learn that 'the 
soldiers unslated the Popish chapel,' so 
that one had been opened, perhaps in the 
time of James II ; Hewitson, Bellingham 
Diary, 73. 

The Jesuits served the Preston mission. 
'Mr. Gray,' i.e. Gilbert Talbot, after- 
wards Earl of Shrewsbury, was in charge 
in 1701, with a salary of 10 ; Foley, 
Rec. S. J. v, 320. A house at the lower 
end of Friargate was used about that time 
and is supposed to have been that pur- 
chased by Fr. Alexander Leigh in 1733 ; 
it was called Greystocks and St. Mary's 
is on the site of it. The first chapel of 
the name was built in 1761. 'The 
greatest caution was used ; the chapel was 
built behind the front houses in Friargate 
so as to be quite shut out from view. 
The mysterious building was carried on in 
the name of Mr. Clifton of Lytham, and 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



of 1768, and though the priest in charge managed to 
escape across the Ribble he died soon afterwards 
from alarm and horror. 212 Shortly afterwards another 
was built on the site, but was closed when St. 
Wilfrid's was opened in 1793 and it became a ware- 
house. However, in 1 8 1 5 it was restored to divine 
worship as a chapel of ease, its present status, and 
served till 1856, when the present St. Mary's was 
built on its site. 213 It stands back from the street, 
being approached from Friargate through an arch- 
way. St. Wilfrid's, built, as stated, in 1793, was 
rebuilt in i879, 214 St. Ignatius' followed in i836, 215 
and St. Walburge's, with its tall spire, one of the 
landmarks of Preston, in i852. 216 These churches, 
with St. Mary's, are served by Jesuit Fathers. The 
secular clergy have St. Augustine's I838-4O, 217 
St. Joseph's 1 86 2-74 218 and the English Martyrs' 
1 863-88. 219 The Sisters of Charity manage St. 
Joseph's Institutions, founded in 1872 by Mrs. 
Holland. The teaching orders of the Sisters of the 
Holy Child Jesus and the Faithful Companions of 
Jesus have convents. 220 A society formed in 1731, 
but of earlier origin, exists for the relief of the poor 
and charity towards the dead ; it is called the ' First 
Catholic Charitable Society.' 

RIBBLETON 

Ribleton, 1200 ; Ribbleton, 1202 ; Ribbelton, 
1226; Ribilton, 1251 ; Rybelton, 1292. 

This township has an area of 757 acres, including 
the 1 08 acres of Ribbleton Moor. As the hamlet of 
Brockholes in the adjoining township had rights in 
the moor, this was formerly regarded as a semi-inde- 
pendent district, and its L-shaped form divided 
Ribbleton proper into three distinct parts north- 
east (in which is Ribbleton Hall), north-west (Scales), 
and south (in which is Farington Hall). A large 
part was taken into the borough of Preston in 1880 
and has been incorporated with that township since 
1894,' so that the present township of Ribbleton, 



PRESTON 

the eastern part of the historical township, has an 
area of only 305 acres. The population of the 
reduced township in 1901 numbered 66. 2 

The surface is elevated but comparatively level ; 
on the south it descends very sharply to a plot of 
low-lying ground in a bend of the Ribble. The 
principal roads are those from Preston to Blackburn 
on the south side and from Preston to Longridge on 
the north. The railway between the last-named 
places crosses the north-west corner. Preston 
cemetery, formed in 1855, lies on the west side of 
the township on the Blackburn road. There are 
also some pleasure-grounds opened in 1885 ; they 
are now called Farington Park. This side is be- 
coming residential, being served by the electric 
tramways. 

The Royal Cross Training School for Deaf and 
Dumb Children, opened in 1894, stands on the 
Blackburn road. 3 

There was formerly a cross on the moor and 
another in Ribbleton Lane on the Preston boundary. 4 
The story of the manor of RIBBLE- 
M4NOR TON is obscure. Before the Conquest it 
seems to have been part of the great 
lordship of Preston held by Earl Tostig, and is not 
separately named in Domesday Book. 5 In later times 
its assessment was one plough-land, and it was held 
in thegnage, by a rent of 8/. Henry de Ribbleton 
died possessed of it in or before 1201, leaving a son, 
who was a leper, and a daughter. Henry son of Alan 
de Holland of Downholland purchased the wardship 
and marriage of the daughter, 6 and by 1212 Ribbleton 
had become incorporated with the Holland manors 
and had been granted out to Roger de Leicester 
for an annual service of Ss. and four arrows. 7 
Roger in turn in 1202 gave it to Henry de Fish- 
wick and Maud his wife, a rent of los. being payable, 
but the agreement was varied in 1224.8 The mesne 
lordship of the Hollands was not long recognized. 9 

In 1324 Roger de Elston held the vill by the rent 
of 8/. and doing suit to the county and wapentake. 10 



passed by the name of the " New Build- 
ing " ' ; ibid, v, 395. In 1750 the priest 
in charge had a stipend of ^40 and 520 
' customers ' ; the numbers of those con- 
firmed and of Easter communicants were 
274 and 940 in 1784 and 488 and 1,302 
in 1793 ; ibid, v, 321-5. 

212 Gillow, Bibl. Diet. o/Engl. Cath. ii, 
146 ; Foley, op. cit. viii, 719. 

218 Hewitson, op. cit. 501-2. The 
chapel, a small plain building, has been 
lined with marble. 

214 Ibid. 503-6. Joseph Dunn, S.J. 
(vere Earpe), was priest in charge from 
1776 till his death in 1827, and won a 
high position in the town. The House 
of Recovery and the gasworks were due 
to him ; Gillow, op. cit. ii, 143-7. 

215 Hewitson, op. cit. 507. It was the 
first church in Preston which had a spire. 
The school for boys was opened in a 
buililing erected as a ' hall of science ' by 
local Secularists. 

216 Ibid. 508. The dedication was due 
to a remarkable cure attributed to the use 
of St. Walburge's oil ; N. and Q. (Ser. i), 
x, 1 86. The church stands, it is believed, 
on or near the site of the old Hospital of 
St. Mary Magdalene. 

317 Hewitson, op. cit. 508. St. Augus- 
tine of Canterbury is the patron ; see 
Gillow, op. cit. ii, 481-3. 



218 Hewitson. op. cit. 515. A school- 
chapel served from 1862 till i8'-4. 

219 Ibid. 513. The ' Martyrs ' named 
are St. Thomas of Canterbury and St. 
Alban. A school-chapel was opened in 
1865 and the church in 1867, but this 
was not completed till 1888. 

220 The last-named community occupy 
Lark Hill, formerly the residence of 
Samuel Horrocks, cotton spinner, M.P. 
for Preston 1804-26. The English 
Benedictine nuns of Ghent, driven from 
their house by the Revolution in 1792, 
resided in Chapel Street till 1812, when 
they removed to Staffordshire. 

1 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607. 

2 The Census Report gives as part of 
Preston an area of 645 acres (including 
9 of inland water), with a population of 
936 in 1901. This refers principally to 
the part of Ribbleton now in the borough. 

8 The founder was Mary Cross, the late 
Archdeacon Rawstorne contributing. It 
depends partly on voluntary contributions. 

4 Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 172. 

* V.C.H. Lanes, i, 288*. 

8 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 132. Henry 
(de Holland) gave 10 marks for the ward- 
ship, undertaking to provide all neces- 
saries for the brother and reasonable 
dower for the mother. The daughter's 
name is not known. 

105 



Robert de Preston and Richard his 
brother had offered 1001. for the grant, 
and promised i6s. instead of the old 8*. 
service for the plough-land in Ribbleton ; 
Rot. de Oblatii (Rec. Com.), 115, 123. 

7 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 49. Roger de Leices- 
ter was seneschal of Amounderness under 
TheobaldWalter; Farrer, op. cit. 143, 169. 

8 Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 21 ; .an assize of mort d'ancestor 
had been summoned between them, but 
the descent of the parties is not recorded. 
Roger de Leicester had a wife Alice ; 
ibid, i, 43. In 1224 Maud, described as 
'daughter of Henry,' complained that 
Roger son of Roger de Leicester had not 
kept the agreement made by his father, 
and she received 3 oxgangs of land for a 
rent of 2$., Roger to warrant her ; oa 
the other hand she renounced all claim 
to the rest of the plough-land ; ibid, i, 45. 

9 Henry de Holland paid the thegnage 
rent of 8*. in 1226 ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents, i, 140. In 1297 the vill paid 
8i. to the earl, the tenants not being 
named ; ibid, i, 289. 

10 Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39. Some 
grants to Roger de Elston are recited in 
a later note ; his estate seems to have 
been acquired by a number of separate 
purchases. 

14 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Again in 1346 William de Elston and Roger his 
brother were said to hold four plough-lands in Ribble- 
ton, Preston and Elston of Henry Earl of Lancaster by 
knight's service and 1 8d. for castle ward " ; but in the 
same year Thomas Travers and William Lawrence 
held between them one plough-land in Ribbleton in 
socage, rendering 8j. a year at the four terms. 12 The 
latter record is confirmed by later testimonies, 13 but 
nothing is known as to the source of their right. 14 

The estate was not usually called a manor. The 
Travers moiety descended like Nateby 1& until 1579, 
when it was sold to John Shireburne. 18 The other 
moiety " was in 1 524 held by Robert Lawrence, who 
died on 27 March holding his part of Ribbleton of 
the king in socage by the rent of 4*. His heirs were 
two daughters, Margaret and Agnes, aged seventeen 
and fourteen respectively. 18 The elder daughter 



married Hugh Farington of Hutton, 19 and their 
descendants were seated in Ribbleton for some time, 
recording pedigrees at the 
visitations of 1567, 1613 
and 1665.* The younger 
daughter's share " seems to 
have gone to Evan Browne, 
who died in 1545 holding a 
capital messuage called Rib- 
bleton and messuages, lands 
and windmill there in socage, 
by a free rent of 2/. M His 
son and heir Richard * 3 dying 
without issue, the six sisters 
made a partition in 1559 by 
which Ribbleton Hall became 




FARINGTON. Ar 
chevefn gukt 



three leopards' faces sable. 

the property of Robert Shuttleworth and Jane his 



11 Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. Ill (2nd nos.), 
no. 62. In 1342 the feoffee granted to 
William son of Roger de Elston and 
Roger his brother various lands in Ribble- 
ton and Brockholes ; Harl. MS. 2042, 
fol. 169. 

12 Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 48. The 
same partners also held a moiety of Ash- 
ton at the other side of Preston. In 
both cases the right seems to have de- 
scended through Haydock, as below. In 
1331 Thomas son of Lawrence Travers 
had lands in Ribbleton ; Kuerden MSS. 
iv, G zb. 

18 Thomas Travers and Robert Law- 
rence in 1415 granted Roger Elston the 
younger for his life right of way through 
a field called Riddings to Roger's field 
called Newhey in Ribbleton ; Add. MS. 
32107, no. 2986. In 1445-6 Thomas 
Travers and Robert Lawrence held the 
plough-land in Ribbleton, rendering 8j. 
yearly ; Duchy of Lane. Knights' Fees, 
bdle. 2, no. 20. 

14 A large number of Ribbleton deeds 
(Farington family) are in Piccope MSS. 
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 17-29. None are so 
early as 1346, and the first relating to 
Lawrence is of 1412, as will be seen 
below. 

ls John Travers was in 1362 found to 
have held 36 acres in Ribbleton in socage 
by a rent of 4*. ; Inq. p.m. 36 Edw. Ill 
(2nd nos.), no. 52. 

William Travers died in 1524 holding 
lands in Ribbleton of the king as duke 
by the annual service of 41. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. v, no. 62. A similar 
record was made in 1559 ; ibid, xi, no. 68. 

Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 36, 
m. 262. The vendors were Richard 
Travers and Grace his wife : the estate 
is described as four messuages, &c., in 
Ribbleton and Fulwood. 

17 In 1354 William Lawrence and 
Alice his wife made a settlement of their 
estate in Thornton, Great and Little 
Layton, a moiety of the manor of 
Ribbleton and a fourth part of the 
manor of Ashton. The remainders, after 
their children (John and others), were, 
so far as Ashton was concerned, to the 
right heirs of Alice ; and as to Ribbleton 
to Joan daughter of Geoffrey de Cuerdale 
for life, and then the same as Ashton ; 
Final Cone, ii, 141-2. The fine proves 
that Lawrence held in right of his wife. 
Joan de Cuerdale was then wife of Thomas 
de Molyneux, and much of her estate 
went to the Osbaldeston family. 

John Lawrence died in 1398, having 
made a settlement of his estate on his 



wife Margaret in 1368. He left a son 
William, aged eighteen ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Chet. Soc.), i, 72. 

Roger de Elston of Ribbleton in 1412 
demised to Robert son of John Lawrence 
a messuage in Ribbleton for life, and in 
1438 John Elston and William his son 
and heir granted land in Ribbleton fields 
to Robert Lawrence ; Piccope MSS. iii, 
27. Robert Lawrence, as above recorded, 
was a partner in the manor in 1445-6 
and Edmund, the son and heir of Robert, 
in 1448 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. n, m. \b. 

Robert seems to have been still living in 
1459, when John son of Henry Compsty 
granted land in Ribbleton to him, while 
to Edmund son of Robert Lawrence a 
quitclaim was given by William son of 
John Compsty in 1475 ; Piccope MSS. 
loc. cit. 

18 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. v, no. 57. 
Robert Lawrence is described as 'of 
Claughton in Amounderness ' ; his lands 
were in Layton, Ribbleton and Thornton. 
A feoffment made in 1513 is recited, 
giving the following details : A messuage 
in Ribbleton called the Maiden's House, 
with closes named the Town Field and 
Fishwick Banks, with other closes called 
Blackearth, Over and Nether Crooked 
Riddings, Oxhey, Wall Banks, Moor 
Furlong, Little Furlong, with the orchard, 
and the orchard about the hall. 

By an award of the same time Isabel 
widow of Robert Lawrence and their two 
daughters were to pay z6s. Sd. a year to 
James Walton of Preston and provide 
a man horsed and harnessed for the king's 
service ; Piccope MSS. iii, 17. 

Richard Walton in 1579 released to 
Richard Farington all his interest in lands 
in Ribbleton ; ibid. 21. 

19 Visit, of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 45. 
Some notes on this family will be found in 
the account of Longton in Penwortham. 

An inquisition after the death of 
Richard Farington was made in 1596. 
He held land in Ribbleton of the queen 
in socage by a rent of iod., and his heir 
was his son Hugh, aged thirty-six ; Piccope 
MSS. iii, 29. 

Hugh Farington died in 1637 holding 
a messuage and land in Ribbleton of the 
king. His heir was his son Charles, aged 
thirty-seven ; Towneley MS. C 8, 1 3 
(Chet. Lib.), 423-4. A settlement was 
made by Hugh Farington and Charles his 
son in 1620 ; Piccope MSS. iii, 23. 

Deeds by Richard Farington, the son 
of Charles, may be seen in the same col- 
lection ; he appears to have sold or mort- 
gaged the estate in 1672 ; ibid. 23, 25. 

106 



See also p. 206 for a sale to John 
Winckley. 

20 Printed by the Chetham Soc. : 1567, 
P- 45 5 l6l 3P- I0 3 5 1664-5, p. 106. 
The descent from Hugh and Margaret is 
thus given : -s. Richard -s. Hugh -s. 
Charles (d. c. 1650) -s. Richard -da. Jane. 
Jane married a Southworth and was 
living in 1695 5 Piccope MSS. iii, 25. 

John Farington founded a charity in 
1670 for the poor of Elston and Farington, 
at the discretion of Richard Farington 
of Ribbleton or those who might be owners 
of Richard's estate. In 1824 James 
Pedder and Thomas Walmesley were 
trustees for the charity, their fathers and 
grandfathers having acted before them ; 
End. Char. Rep. 

21 About 1550 a division of the Law- 
rence estates was arranged. By this 
Margaret, widow of Hugh Farington, and 
Richard their son and heir were to have 
a moiety of Ribbleton and all the land in 
Goosnargh, while Henry Smith, Agnes 
his wife and William their son and heir- 
apparent were to have lands in Ribbleton 
and all the estate in Layton and Stainall ; 
Piccope MSS. iii, 1 9. William Smith and 
Mary Smith, widow, had this estate in 
1593 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 55, 
m. 139. 

2' Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 
24. Evan Browne probably acquired 
Agnes's share by purchase, though the 
date in the preceding note causes a diffi- 
culty, but he had an estate in Elston by 
inheritance. Thus James Browne in 
1479 gave land in Ribbleton to the 
younger John Elston and his wife on 
their daughter's marriage with his son 
William Browne; Add. MS. 32108, 
fol. 288. (There was a remainder to 
William Elston and Catherine his wife, 
so that the land may have been part of 
the Elston estate.) Then in 1503-4 
Ewan or Evan son and heir of William 
son and heir of James Browne (living) was 
contracted to marry Elizabeth daughter 
of John Singleton of Shingle Hall ; ibid. 
Evan's widow Elizabeth is named in 
the inquisition, and seven daughters 
Anne, Alice, Jane, Katherine, Laura, 
Ellen and Bridget. Laura does not 
occur again. Evan Browne had a numbei 
of scattered properties, including two 
burgages in Preston and a messuage in 
French Lea. 

28 Evan Browne, Richard and James 
his sons were out-burgesses of the guild 
of 1542 ; Preston Guild R. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 18. Richard was six 
years old at his father's death. 




o 

X 

s 

H 
H 





at 

O 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



wife." The Farington estate is said to have been 
sold to the Heskeths of Rufford about the end of the 
I yth century.* 4 

John Shireburne, already named, married one of 
the daughters and seems to have acquired the shares 
of two others. 26 His grandson of the same name 
recorded a pedigree in 1613," and being a recusant 
and Royalist his estates were sequestered under the 
rule of the Parliament. 88 His son Henry seems to 
have removed to Lincolnshire. 19 The Shireburne 
estate is said to have been sold to Richard King in 
1656 ; his descendants sold to Thomas Birchall, 
whose son, also Thomas, built the present Ribbleton 
Hall not far from the old house. 30 The estate is 



reported to be owned at present by Mr. R. R. 
Rothwell of Sharpies, by bequest of the late Mrs. 
Birchall. 

The freeholders recorded in 1600 were Hugh 
Farington, John Shireburne and Richard Whalley. 11 
The ' manor ' appears no more in the records. 

The Elston family, at one time described as hold- 
ing the vill, 32 continued to be considerable landowners 
there, 33 and in 1454 their estate was described as a 
manor. 34 

A Ribbleton family appears at times, 35 and the 
Haydocks once held a large part 36 ; names of other 
landowners are recorded. 37 In the 1 8th century a 
family named Brewer had Ribbleton Lodge, the 



24 Towneley MS. C 8, 13, S 125. Of 
the other daughters, Anne married 
Richard Shireburne of Bailey ; Alice 
(dead in 1559), Hugh Jones ; Katherine, 
John Shireburne ; Ellen, Richard Shire- 
burne the younger 5 and Bridget, Thomas 
Whittingham. 

In 1559 a settlement of a sixth part of 
the manor of Ribbleton, with dovecote, 
windmill, &c., was made by John Shire- 
burne and Katherine his wife, the re- 
mainder in default of issue being to her 
gon (by her first husband) Richard Elston ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 21, m. 3. 

Hugh Shireburne in 1594 sold mes- 
suages and lands in Ribbleton and Haigh- 
ton to George Talbot ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 56, m. 48. This was another 
part of the Browne estate, George Talbot 
being the son of Anne Shireburne by a 
first husband ; C. D. Sherborn, Sherborn 
Fam. 71. 2i Hewitson, Preston, 388. 

96 John Shireburne in 1566 purchased 
two messuages, &c., in Ribbleton and 
Preston from Thomas Whittingham and 
Bridget his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of 
F. bdle. 28, m. 63. Next year he bought 
a messuage and land from William Wood- 
ward and Elizabeth his wife ; ibid. bdle. 
29, m. 99. In 1579 he purchased two 
messuages, &c., in Ribbleton and Fulwood 
from Thomas Jones and Jane his wife 
(presumably the heirs of Hugh and Alice 
Jones), and followed this in 1585 by 
purchasing further lands from them and 
the sixth part of the manor of Ribbleton ; 
ibid. bdle. 41, m. 99 ; 47, m. 38. 

The estate of Richard Shireburne and 
Anne his wife (another co-heir) occurs 
in 1572 ; ibid. bdle. 34, m. 23. 

* Vint. (Chet. Soc.), 109. The descent 
is given thus : John (s. of Thomas) 
married Katherine Browne s. Thomas 
-s. John (1613) -s. Henry (aged twelve). 

K Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3233 ; John 
Shireburne died in 1655, and a claim to 
land in Ribbleton put in by Thomas 
Parker of Browsholme was allowed. 

89 C. D. Sherborn, Sherborn Fam. 8790. 

80 Hewitson, loc. cit. 

81 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 

' 233- 

Richard Whalley in 1574 purchased a 
messuage, &c., from John and Katherine 
Shireburne ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 36, m. 155. Similar estates were 
sold to Edward Belshaugh, John Ridley 
and Richard Tomlinson ; ibid. m. 178, 
184, 259. 

M In 1 346 as above. Various Elston 
families occur in Brockholes, Ribbleton 
and the neighbouring townships. Thus 
John de Haighton gave 3 acres in Haigh- 
ton to Roger son of William de Elston 
and Paulin his brother ; Kuerden MSS. 
iii, H 2. Adam son of Roger del Scale* 



gave to the same brothers land in the 
Scales in Ribbleton; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 2959. Roger de Elston granted 
Paulin de Elston land in Haighton and 
i acre in Ribbleton Scales ; Kuerden, loc. 
cit. John son of William de Haighton 
in 1327 gave land in Haighton to William 
son of Paulin de Elston ; ibid. Richard 
son of Henry de Brockholes gave land in 
Ribbleton Scales, descending from his 
mother Maud, to Roger de Elston ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 50 B. 

Richard son of William Drury gave 
Roger de Elston a release of his claim to 
lands in Ribbleton, attested by William 
and Paulin de Elston, Henry and Simon 
de Ribbleton ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 2961. 
In 131617 Henry de Ribbleton and 
Agnes widow of Richard de Brockholes 
released to Roger de Elston their rights 
in Ribbleton ; ibid. no. 2965, 2967. 
The date of the former deed may be 
fixed approximately by a claim for dower 
in 1269 by Amery widow of William 
Drury v. Robert son of Richard Drury ; 
Cur. Regi R. 195, m. 35 d. 

William son of Roger de Elston ob- 
tained from William de Methop (son of 
Robert the Harper) in 1333 a release of 
a rent of 2s. yd. from Ribbleton, and in 
the same and later years he obtained 
further grants and releases from Adam 
son of Henry de Ribbleton (1333), 
Gilbert de Knaresborough and Alice his 
daughter (1336), Adam de Compsy, Alice 
his wife, and Robert de Claughton of 
Ribbleton (1342) ; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 2968, 2970, 2971-2. 

88 John de Elston the younger in 1369 
made a grant to William the Tailor ; 
ibid. no. 2975. In 1379-80 he obtained 
a quitclaim from Robert le Sagher of 
Ribbleton ; ibid. no. 2977. 

84 Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 80 ; John 
Elston gave his manor of Ribbleton to 
feoffees. In 1461 William Elston gave 
lands in the same place, &c., to feoffees ; 
ibid. foL 74. John Elston of Ribbleton 
obtained an exemption from jury service 
in 1504-5 ; Dep. Keeper's Ref>. xl, App. 

544- 

85 Ralph son of William de Ribbleton 
released to Henry son of Robert de 
Ribbleton his right in all land in the 
Musifield in Ribbleton ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 666. Henry, the grantee, gave all 
his land in the same field to John de 
Grimsargh and his heirs for the rent of 
an arrow ; ibid. no. 678. 

Robert de Ribbleton granted land in 
Ribbleton and Brockholes in 1325-6 to 
Henry de Ribbleton and Agnes his wife ; 
Kuerden MSS. iii, B 14. Thomas 
Kendal, cousin and heir of William 
Ribbleton, had in 1407 lands in Preston 
and Ribbleton ; ibid, ii, fol. 224. 

107 



Tunnock daughter of Robert son of 
Vivian de Ribbleton Scales and Adam her 
son gr2nted all her land to the west of a 
certain hedge to Master William de 
Preston, clerk ; Towneley MS. OO, 
no. 1095, 1164. In 1303 Robert de 
Ribbleton Scales gave land there, received 
by the gift of his brother Roger, to Roger 
his younger son ; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 
224. 

Robert de Ribble 1 on son of Adam de 
Ribblescales in 1313-14 granted his son 
Robert the moiety of a messuage in 
Preston ; ibid, iii, P 7. 

86 From the fine of 1224 above cited 
it appears that Maud de Ribbleton had 
3 oxgangs of land. The other 5 oxgangs 
seem to have been held about 1280 by 
the Haydock family, for in 1285 Joan 
widow of John son of Henry de Haydock 
claimed dower in messuages and lands in 
Ribbleton, &c., afterwards described as 
eleven messuages and 5 oxgangs of land ; 
De Banco R. 59, m. 3 ; 64, m. 122. 
The defendant was Henry de Haydock, 
whose widow Alice in 1290 claimed 
against the said Joan and her daughters 
Alice and Aline ; ibid. 86, m. 174. It 
seems most probable that the Travers 
and Lawrence inheritance descended from 
these daughters. 

87 Forfeited lands of the Yorkist, Sir 
James Harrington, probably inherited with 
Balderston, were granted to the Earl of 
Derby in 1489, but the tenure is not 
stated in 1521 ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. v, no. 68. Thomas Radcliffe of 
Winmarleigh, also through Balderston, 
held lands in Ribbleton in 1521, but 
the tenure is not separately stated ; they 
descended to Sir Gilbert Gerard ; ibid. 
v, no. 3 ; xvi, no. 2. Edmund Dudley 
had another part of the Balderston 
inheritance ; ibid, iv, no. 13. Sir 
Alexander Osbaldeston had another part ; 
ibid, viii, no. I. 

Sir Thomas Boteler of Bewsey in 1 522 
held lands in Ribbleton in socage ; ibid. 
v, no. 1 3. 

John de Elston in 1370 granted 2 acres 
in Ribbleton to John de Walton ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 2976. In i559William 
Walton of Preston died holding a mes- 
suage, &c., in Ribbleton of Richard 
Browne in socage by id. rent, and his 
son Richard Walton apparently held the 
same in 1593; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xi, no. 27 5 xvi, no. 42. But 
Richard Walton seems to have mort- 
gaged or sold it to Richard Farington in 
1579 and to Hugh Farington in 1589, 
so that it probably became incorporated 
with the Farington estate ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdles. 41, m. 35 ; 51, m. 67. 

A purchase by John Ridley has been 
recorded. He died in 1599 holding a 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



domestic chapel there serving the Roman Catholics 
of the district. 38 Several ' Papists ' registered estates 
in 17 1 7. 39 

The Knights Hospitallers had some land in Rib- 
bleton, 40 afterwards owned by the Shireburnes of 
Stonyhurst. 41 

A dispute in 1564 as to the lordship and moor of 
Ribbleton gives the bounds on the Fulwood side as 
follows : From Jackson Hey and Clough north-east to 
the mere hills, five in all, on the south-west side of 
a close called the Park Falls in Fulwood." The 
moor was inclosed in iS/o. 43 

In connexion with the Church of England St. 
Mary Magdalene was consecrated in 1889 ; a district 
had been formed for it in 1883," and services began 
about that time. The patronage is in the hands of 
trustees. 



GRIMSARGH AND BROCKHOLES 

Grimesarge, Dom. Bk. ; Grimisharg, 1242 ; 
Grimsarche, Grimsharg, 1244; Grimesherg, 1253 ; 
Gremesargh, Gremeshargh, Grymesharth, Grymes- 
haruth, 1292 ; Grymesargh, 1293 ; Greymesargh, 
1301 ; Grymsar, xv cent. This last shows the 
pronunciation (/ short). 

Brochole, 1212; Brocholes, Brochols, 1290. 
Locally pronounced Brockus. 

This township consists of two distinct parts con- 
nected by a narrow strip of ground beside the Ribble. 
A small part was included in the borough of Preston 
in 1880 and in the township of Preston in I894- 1 
Grimsargh, the northern half, has an area of 1,184 
acres, stretching from the Ribble to Savock Brook. 
It is divided from Elston on the east by a wooded 
clough. In the southern corner the land rises 
steeply from the river, and here is Red Scar, a mansion 
commanding fine views over the valley. The surface 
of Grimsargh is comparatively level, but mostly above 
200 ft. over sea level. 

The principal road is that from Preston to Long- 
ridge, going north and then east. The railway 
between those towns crosses this part of the town- 
ship in a north-easterly direction, and has a station 
named Grimsargh, from which a branch line runs 
north-west to the asylum at Whittingham. 

There are reservoirs of the Preston Waterworks in 
the north of the township. Near Red Scar there 
was formerly a well reputed to be medicinal ; * it 
went by the name of Boilton Spa, and it is said that 
its water cured consumption. This well was in the 



form of a double trough, 2 yds. long and i ft. broad, 
and was approached by about half a dozen descending 
steps. The water came out of the breast of Boilton 
Wood, and in front of the drain or pipe by which it 
entered the well there was a piece of carved work in the 
shape of a human head, through the mouth of which 
the water ran into the receiving trough. . . The 
well was done away with and the water drained off, 
about thirty years ago [i.e. about 1850], by the late 
Colonel Cross.' a 

Brockholes lies in a bend of the Ribble, its 
boundary on the east and south, being closed in by 
Ribbleton on the other sides. The greater part of 
it is low-lying level ground, but on the border of 
Ribbleton the surface rapidly rises for nearly 100 ft. 
Lower Brockholes and Higher Brockholes are in the 
south-west and north-east respectively. Near the 
former house the Preston and Blackburn road crosses 
the Ribble by a bridge, first erected in 1824, and 
then in stone in 1 86 1. It was known as the Half- 
penny Bridge, from the toll formerly charged. There 
are very few houses in this part of the township, 
which has an area of 753^ acres. 

The area of the original township is 1,937^ acres, 3 
and in 1901 there was a population of 453 for the 
present reduced township. 4 

The soil is clay and alluvial, with subsoil various. 
The land is chiefly in pasture. 

The township is governed by a parish council. 

A wayside cross, known as Three Mile Cross, 
formerly stood in Grimsargh. 5 The line of a Roman 
road, called Watling Street, has been traced in 
Grimsargh and Elston. 

In 1066 GRIMSARGH, then assessed 
MANORS as two plough-lands, was a member of 
Earl Tostig's Preston lordship. 6 Some 
time after the Conquest the manor was divided ; 
Grimsargh, as half a plough-land, was held in 
thegnage ; Brockholes, also half a plough-land, was 
given to the baron of Manchester ; and Elston, 
the remaining plough-land, to the baron of Pen- 
wortham. 

Roger son of Augustin de Heaton of Heaton in 
Lonsdale had a confirmation of his half plough-land 
in Grimsargh in 1 1 89 from John Count of Mortain ; 
Roger had obtained the manor from Roger son of 
Orm (son of Magnus), 7 who held Hutton near Pen- 
wortham and Medlar near Kirkham. 8 Roger, de 
Heaton demised it to Gilbert de Grimsargh. 9 His 
son Roger de Heaton held it in 1262, the tenant 
then being William de Grimsargh, who paid the 3^. 



messuage, &c., in Ribbleton of the queen 
in socage, and leaving, a son Richard over 
fifty years old ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. 
Soc.), ii, 162. This son died four years 
afterwards, his son and heir John being 
twenty-two ; ibid, ii, 163. John Ridley 
died in 1637 holding the same estate ; 
his son and heir Richard was twenty- 
four years old ; ibid, ii, 165. He was 
perhaps the in-burgess of Preston appear- 
ing in 1662 and 1682 5 Preston Guild R. 

135, 174. 

Sir Thomas Walmsley of Dunken- 
halgh had land in Ribbleton in 1612 ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 250. 

38 Gillow, EM. Diet. ofEngl. Cath. i, 
291, giving notices of two Benedictines, 
members of the family. 

89 John Gregson, Richard Bolton (also 



at Catterall), John Ridley, Adam Helme, 
Thomas Kellet, Richard Kendal, Edward 
Parkinson ; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. 
Cath. Non-jurors, 91, 138-40. 

40 It is named among the Hospitallers' 
lands in 1292 ; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. 
Com.), 375. 

41 Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132 ; Duchy 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 4. 

Another part of the Hospitallers' land 
was held in 1603 by Thomas Barton of 
Barton by 6d. rent ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 10. 

42 The depositions are printed in Fish- 
wick, Preston, 345-6. 

43 Stat. 24 & 25 Viet., cap. i. In 
the award a parcel of 5^ acres was granted 
to the overseers as a recreation ground ; 
End. Char. Rep. (Preston 1905), 102. 

44 Land. Gaz. 23 Aug. 1883. 

108 



1 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607. About 
192 acres were transferred to Preston. 

2 Hewitson, Preston, 388. Boilton is 
on the north-west boundary of Brock- 
holes, adjoining Ribbleton. 

3 1,748, including 53 acres of inland 
water; Census Rep. 1901. 

4 In addition the part included in 
Preston contained 108 persons. 

5 Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 173. 

6 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 288^. 

7 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 437. 8 Ibid. 409. 
9 So stated in the charter of his grand- 
son William de Heaton cited below. 

In 1212 Grimsargh is not separately 
named among the Heaton lands ; Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 48. Roger had died in 1204, 
leaving a son of the same name, who was 
under age. 




5 

5 
O 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



thegnage rent due from Roger to the king. 10 William 
the son and heir of Roger afterwards confirmed the 
title of William de Grimsargh, 
the rent being unchanged. 11 
The Earl of Lancaster re- 
ceived 3/. from Grimsargh in 
1297." 

About this time the Hogh- 
tons of Hoghton appear to 
have acquired lands in the 
township, 13 and eventually 
purchased the lordship from 
the Grimsargh family. 14 In 
1 324 the mesne lord, William 
de Heaton, was said to hold 
it by the old rent of 3/., 15 

but in 1 346 the immediate tenant only was re- 
cognized, viz. Adam de Hoghton. 16 The manor 
descended in this family without noteworthy in- 
cident 17 until 1772, when it was sold by Sir Henry 
Hoghton and Frances his wife to William Shawe 
the younger, 18 from whom it seems to have passed to 
the Cross family, seated at Red Scar in this town- 



HOGHTON of Hogh- 
ton. Sable three hart 
argent. 



PRESTON 

ship.' 9 Mr. William Cross is the present lord of 
the manor, 20 but lives in Surrey, Red Scar being let. 

RED SC.4R 20a stands in a commanding situation 
facing south-east above a bend of the River Ribble 
on its north bank about three miles north-east of 
Preston, and is a picturesque two story gabled building 
of timber and plaster, partly dating probably from 
Elizabethan times, but so much restored and added 
to that few of its original architectural features remain. 
It was enlarged and altered in 1798 and again in 
1840 when the library was added. The exterior 
timber and plaster work is almost wholly imitative 
and modern, but a thatched one-story wing at the 
north-east end, now used as a dining-room, preserves 
to some extent an interesting ancient feature. The 
interior contains some oak furniture and carvings 
formerly in the old church at Grimsargh. 

BROCKHOLES, as already stated, was a member 
of the fee of Manchester. It was granted to the 
Lathom family, 21 and of them held by a tenant 
assuming the local surname. The first of them known 
by name was one Award de Brockholes,* 2 whose son 
Roger appears in pleadings of 1246 and otherwise. 23 



10 Ibid. 231 ; thus Roger had nothing 
from Grimsargh except relief and ward- 
ship. Roger's heir was his son William. 

11 Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 113. 

12 Lanes, Inq. and Extents, i, 289. 
The tenant is not named. 

18 In 1292 Adam de Hoghton held a 
messuage and 12 acres in Grimsargh, as 
heir of his father, who had purchased 
from Richard son of John de Flitchcrofthaw. 
The plaintiff, Richard son of Robert son of 
John de Goosnargh, said that these Johns 
were the same person, but he was non- 
suited ; Assize R. 408, m. 22. 

At the same time William son of 
Robert de Elston claimed the sixth part 
of a water-mill in Grimsargh against 
Richard de Hoghton and Alexander de 
Hyde. The plaintiff, who recovered, 
stated that his father had purchased the 
mill from Thomas de Grimshagh 
(? Grimsargh), but Agnes widow of 
Thomas had a third part in dower, which 
she had granted to plaintiff till he had 
received the cost of repairing the mill ; 
ibid. m. 3 d. Again, Roger de Eccleston 
(? Elston) complained that Thomas de 
Grimsargh and Richard de Hoghton had 
obstructed his right of way ; ibid. m. 
32 d. 

14 The time of purchase does not 
appear, but in 1301 Richard de Hoghton 
seems to have had a fair estate in 
Grimsargh ; Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and dies.), i, 192. Richard son 
of Sir Adam de Hoghton granted 9 acres 
in Grimsargh to Henry de Eccleshill ; 
Dods. MSS. Ixx, fol. 1 6o/>. 

In 1325-6 William son of Roger de 
Caton granted William de Heaton and 
Anilla his wife the service of Sir Richard 
de Hoghton for lands in Grimsargh ; 

?uoted in Memo. R. (L.T.R.) 128, m. xv 
37 Edw. III). 

An agreement as to arbitration on 
various matters in dispute was made in 
1334 between William de Grimsargh and 
Sir Richard de Hoghton, two neighbours 
and a man of the law being chosen by- 
each to view and decide ; Add. MS 
32106, no. 318. 

The transfer of the manor does not 
seem to have been complete until 1362, 
when William de Grimsargh granted to 
Sir Adam de Hoghton all his messuages, 



lands, rents, services, &c., in the vill of 
Grimsargh ; ibid. no. 520. 

Of the Grimsargh family little is 
known. A William de Grimsargh 
appears between 1242 and 1262, followed 
by a John de Grimsargh in 1293 ; Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents, i, 151, 231, 280. 
Gilbert son of Thomas de Grimsargh in 
1292 claimed common of pasture against 
John de Grimsargh and William de 
Brockholes, but was non-suited 5 Assize 
R. 4'.8, m. 58. To charters of 1284 John 
de Grimsargh and Gilbert his brother 
were witnesses ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 
74, 50 (B 5). John de Grimsargh 
attested a deed in 1312-13 ; ibid. fol. 74. 
William de Grimsargh contributed to the 
subsidy in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 58. 

15 Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39. 

16 Survey of 1 346 (Chet. Soc.), 59. 
This shows that the deed of 1362 above 
cited was only the completion of. a sale 
that had taken place long before. 

17 The manor of Grimsargh, as held 
by the service of 31., occurs among 
Hoghton properties in inquisitions, fines, 
&c., but the family do not seem to have 
resided there. See Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. 
Soc.), i, 145 (1422) ; Duchy of Lane. 
Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20 (1446) ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 89, no. 141 
(1616), &c. 

Grimsargh was held by Elizabeth 
Kighley at her death in 1524 by 31. rent, 
the reversion being to Sir Richard 
Hoghton ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. v, 
no. 6 1. 

18 ial. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 387, 
m. 114. 

19 It is stated that the manor was sold 
by Sir Henry Philip Hoghton (d. 1835) 
to William Cross of Red Scar (Fishwick, 
Preston, 93), in which case the apparent 
sale to Shawe must have been a mortgage 
only. 

ao For pedigree see Burke, Landed 
Gentry. This gives John Cross, d. 1799 
-s. William (of Red Scar), d. 1827-8. 
William Assheton, d. 1863 . William, 
b. 1850. 

20a There is an illustration in Twycross, 
Lanes. Mansions, ii, 48. 

21 In 12 12 Richard son of Robert (de 
Lathom) held half a plough-land in 

IOQ 



Brockholes, part of the Grelley fee, by 
the thirteenth part of a knight's fee ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 54. 

The dependence upon Manchester, 
though merely nominal, continued to be 
recorded down to the I7th century. 
In 1322 Robert de Lathom held the 
thirteenth part of a fee in Brockholes by 
John de Brockholes ; Mamecestre (Chet. 
Soc.), ii, 379. For sake fee %d. was 
paid, also gd. for castle ward, and puture 
of the Serjeants was due ; ibid, ii, 288. 
In 1473 the wife of Nicholas Singleton 
held the lordship of Brockholes by the 
Ribble by the same tenure ; ibid, iii, 
480. 

33 Award de Brockholes attested a 
charter by Henry de Lea ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 69. 

In the account of Samlesbury has been 
mentioned an Edward son of Edward son 
of Orm de Brockholes ; the first Edward 
(living 1227) may be identical with the 
Award of the text. 

One Ellis de Brockholes appears in 
Yorkshire in 1284; Ca/. Close, 1279-88, 
p. 271. There may have been other 
placesof the name; Gen.(nev? ser.),xi, 196. 

* 3 In 1246 Roger de Brockholes re- 
covered common of pasture in 4 acres in 
Brockholes against Maud de Ribbleton, 
Robert and William her sons and Richard 
de Ellesley ; Assize R. 404, m. 4. The 
first of these defendants was perhaps the 
Maud daughter of Henry who unsuccess- 
fully claimed 20 acres at the same time 
against Roger de Brockholes, Richard d 
Lathom and others; ibid. m. 13. Roger 
and his wife Christiana acquired land in 
Byrewath in Garstang ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 1105. 

In Dec. 1253 an agreement was made 
between Roger de Brockholes and Huard 
de Bradshaw as to certain quarrels respect- 
ing land in Bradshaw given in free 
marriage with Huard's sister Mabel ; 
Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 65/107. It appears 
that Mabel had married Roger, for 
William son of Roger de Brockholes 
released his claim (derived from Mabel 
his mother) to 4 acres in Bradshaw to 
Robert son of Henry son of Huctreil de 
Bradshaw ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 50 B. 

Roger had also a son Richard, who 
gave William his brother land in Brock- 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Roger's son Adam de Brockholes 21 died in 1290 
holding the manor of Brockholes of Sir Robert de 
Lathom by the eighth part of a knight's fee ; also 
land in Byrewath in Garstang and in Paythorne in 



Gisburn. 25 His son Roger succeeded, but was still 
under age in I292.' 26 He married Nichola daughter 
and heir of Isolda de Rigmaiden, 27 and was succeeded 
in or before 1311 by their son John. 28 He was 




RSD SCAR : THE DINING-ROOM 



holes and Old Brockholes ; ibid. William 
son of William de Brockholes in 1284 
gave his uncle Richard (son of Roger) his 
right in an oxgang of land in Ribbleton 
called Hysokecroft ; ibid. Another 
version of the charter places Hysokecroft 
in Brockholes ; Add. MS. 32108, fol. 
288. In 1341 William son of William 
son of Roger de Brockholes claimed 9 
acres in Grimsargh against Richard son 
of William son of Roger de Brockholes ; 
De Banco R. 328, m. 524 d. 

21 In 1280 Adam de Brockholes, as 
grandson and heir of Award de Brock- 
holes, claimed a messuage and half an 
oxgang of land in Brockholes against 
Robert Noel, Agnes his wife, and Cecily 
(under age) the sister of Agnes, who held 
two-thirds, and Henry de Walton and 
Agnes his wife, who had one-third ; De 
Banco R. 36, m. 70. The claim was 
still being prosecuted in 1287 against 
Robert son of Adam Nowell of Mearley, 
Agnes and Cecily, it being alleged that 
Award de Brockholes had demised the 
land for a term (then expired) to Uctred 
de Brockholes ; ibid. 69, m. 75 d. 
About 1284 an exchange seems to have 
been made, Robert Nowell and the sisters 
taking land in Paythorne ; Kuerden fol. 
MS. fol. 273. Robert Nowell and Agnes 
his wife claimed common of pasture in 
Brockholes in 1288 against Adam de 
Brockholes and William his brother ; 



Assize R. 1277, m. 31. It may be 
added that an Alice daughter ot Roger 
son of Uctred de Brockholes released 
(c. 1285) to her sister Agnes all her 
inheritance in Brockholes; Kuerden MSS. 
v, fol. 1 1 8. Roger son of Agnes de 
Brockholes in 1314-15 gave land in the 
township to Thomas son of Roger Hyde; 
Towneley MS. HH, no. 1875. 

Henry son of Robert de Ribbleton 
released to Adam son of Roger de Brock- 
holes half an oxgang of land in Brockholes 
held of Adam ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 996. 
The same Adam and Henry made an 
exchange of land called Elondes, the 
bounds naming the brook which formed 
the division between Brockholes and 
Ribbleton ; Towneley MS. HH, no. 1877. 
Adam gave his brother William a part of 
the waste of Brockholes, within certain 
bounds ; a field called the Hyles is 
named ; ibid. no. 1888. 

25 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 274. Henry 
de Haydock and William le Blund were 
the executors of the will of Adam de 
Brockholes in 1292 ; Assize R. 408, 
m. 100. In the same year John de 
Rigmaiden claimed a debt but was 
non-suited against the executors of 
Cecily widow of Adam de Brockholes ; 
ibid. m. 54 d. 

36 Maud widow of William de Clifton 
claimed a messuage and half an oxgang of 
land in Brockholes against Roger son of 

110 



Adam de Brockholes, but the trial was 
adjourned till Roger should be of age ; 
Assize R. 408, m. 5 d. 

William de Clifton and Maud his wife 
gave all their land in Brockholes with a 
messuage there to Robert their son, and 
this Robert made an exchange with Adam 
de Brockholes about 1284 ; Kuerden fol. 
MS. fol. 75, 74. 

27 About 1290 Adam son of Richard 
de Disteshaw granted all his land in 
Brockholes to John de Rigmaiden and 
Isolda his wife ; Towneley MS. HH, no. 
1867. In 1308-9 Isolda de Rigmaiden 
released to Nichola de Brockholes, her 
daughter and heir, all right in the same ; 
ibid. no. 1868. 

In continuation of the last note it may 
be added that in 1310-11 Maud widow 
of Robert son of William de Clifton 
released her dower land to Nichola widow 
of Roger de Brockholes, and that Roger 
son of Robert de Clifton soon afterwards 
granted all his lands in Brockholes to the 
same Nichola ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 

74-5- 

28 The last note shows that Nichola 
was a widow in 1310-11. In 1316-17 
John son of Roger dc Brockholes released 
to Nichola his mother a third part of the 
manor of Brockholes, &c., as dower ; Kuer- 
den MSS. v, fol. 1 1 %b. Nichola afterwards 
gave to her son John the rent from the 
third part of the manor ; HH, no. 1869. 



\ 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



followed at Brockholes about ten years later by his 
brother Adam " 9 ; by what title is not quite clear, 
but probably by a. family partition, John's descendants 
having the manor of Claughton in Garstang. 

Adam de Brockholes, who was living in 1341, had 
several children, including Nicholas his heir 30 and 
Roger. 31 Nicholas had at least two sons, 32 but the 
manor appears to have descended to two daughters 
or granddaughters : Margaret, who married Roger 



Elston, and another who married Singleton. 33 
A partition was afterwards agreed upon, by which 
the former had Old or Higher Brockholes and the 
latter New or Lower Brockholes. 34 

The Elston moiety descended regularly 35 to Robert 
Elston, who died in 1662. After some changes it 
was purchased in 1694 by Thomas Winckley of 
Preston, 37 and descended to Frances Lady Shelley, 38 
after whose death in 1873 it was sold to Edward 



John was still in possession in 1322; 
Mamecestre, ii, 379. 

A dispute in 1323 between William de 
Ribbleton and Roger son of Richard de 
Ribbleton concerning 12 acres, &c., in 
Brockholes shows that the father had 
held of Nichola de Brockholes by knight's 
service. John and Adam de Brockholes 
and Richard Deuyas and Isolda his wife, 
formerly wife of William (?) de Ribbleton, 
are named ; Assize R. 425, m. i, 5. 
John de Brockholes appeared for Nichola 
and the others. 

29 Nichola widow of Roger de Brock- 
holes in 1319 procured a messuage and 
land to be settled on her with remainder 
to Adam son of Roger de Brockholes and 
Margaret his wife ; Final Cone, ii, 35. 
Roger son of Agnes de Brockholes, 
already named, in 1324-5 made a release 
to Adam de Brockholes ; HH, no. 1890. 
In 1329 Adam son of Roger de Brock- 
holes made a feoffment of a third part of 
the manor, &c. ; ibid. no. 1874. 

30 In 1339 Robert du Marreys, clerk, 
regranted to Adam son of Roger de 
Brockholes and Margaret his wife two- 
thirds of the manor of Brockholes, with 
the homage and service of the free tenant 
William de Brockholes ; with successive 
remainders to Nicholas, Adam, John, 
Robert and Henry, sons of Adam, and 
then to the right heirs of William de 
Brockholes ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 259. 
An Adam de Brockholes son of William 
was l : ving in 1349 ; Add. MS. 32108, 
fol. 289. 

In 1341 Roger son of Roger de Elston 
exchanged certain land in Brockholes with 
Adam son of Roger de Brockholes and 
Margaret his wife ; the remainders were 
to Adam's sons Nicholas and John ; HH, 
no. 1894. 

81 In 1349 Roger son of Adam de 
Erockholes released to his brother 
Nicholas all right in the manor of 
Brockholes ; ibid. no. 1906. 

Roger de Singleton of Singleton and 
Alice his wife in 1348 granted to 
Nicholas de Brockholes all the lands in 
Brockholes which had belonged to Adam 
de Singleton ; J. Harland's note. 

82 The preceding note shows that 
Nicholas was in possession in 1 349. In 
1355 he granted leave to get turves in 
Brockholes; Add. MS. 32108, fol. 289. 
In 1358 he received from John de 
Preston a release of all the right in 
Brockholes which John had had from 
Edmund de Brockholes ; Kuerden MSS. 
v, fol. n8A. Three years later he made 
a feoffment of the manor ; HH, no. 
1884. Another feoffment was made in 
1396-7 ; Kuerden MSS. iii, B 14. The 
seal shews a cheveron between three 
brocks (?). Nichola* de Brockholes and 
Margaret his wife occur in 1402 ; HH, 
no. 1880. 

Roger son of Nicholas de Brockholes 
in 1377-8 quitclaimed to Nicholas his 
father and Margaret his wife all right in 
Brockholes; ibid. no. 1558. Thomas 



de Bredkirk was in 1387 pardoned for 
the death of Geoffrey son of Nicholas de 
Brockholes, killed at Preston in 1385 ; 
Cal. Pat. 1385-9, p. 284. 

In 1378 William del Pole and Margery 
his wife had some interest in the Brock- 
holes estate ; Final Cone, iii, 5. 

88 The deeds preserved (those of Elston 
of Brockholes) are not clear on this point. 
In 1419 (or perhaps 7 Hen. IV) a moiety 
of the manor of Brockholes, held for life 
by Margaret widow of Nicholas, was 
settled on Roger Elston and Margaret 
his wife, the heir of Nicholas, with 
remainder to their son John, contracted 
to marry Agnes daughter of John 
Fleetwood ; Add. MS. 32107, no. 548. 

John Elston had a son William, who 
as early as 1428-9 was contracted to 
marry Ellen daughter of Thomas 
Haighton ; Add. MS. 32108, fol. 289*. 

According to the pedigree the other 
heiress married Thomas Singleton ; 
Fishwick, Preston, 288. 

34 John Elston was bound in 1437-8 
to Nicholas Singleton for the performance 
of an agreement as to lands in Brock- 
holes ; Kuerden fol. MS. foL 115. 
From notes by Kuerden (MSS. vi, fol. 
74) it seems that a division was made in 
1453-4 and an award relating to it in 
1478. In 1458-9 William son of John 
Elston granted a lease of Old Brockholes ; 
ibid. 

Another note of agreement between 
Nicholas Singleton and Roger Elston 
states that the latter was to have Old 
Brockholes for life; Add. MS. 32107, 
no. 2987. Again in 1445-6 Roger 
Elston, whose son John had granted 
Nicholas Singleton the reversion of a 
moiety of the manor of Brockholes, 
released his own life interest in the 
same ; HH, no. 1901. The moiety of 
the manor was the subject of a settlement 
in 1453-4, when the elder John, son 
and heir-apparent of William Elston, was 
contracted to marry Agnes daughter of 
Nicholas Singleton of Brockholes ; Add. 
MS. 32108, fol. 289*. The parties 
being near akin a dispensation was 
obtained ; Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 74.. 
William Elston had a younger son also 
named John. 

Robert son and heir-apparent of John 
Elston, senior, was in 1483-4 married to 
Anne daughter of John Singleton of 
Withgill; Add. MS. 32108, fol. 28o/>. 
In 1515 John Elston agreed with 
Margaret daughter of Robert Waddington 
as to her marriage with his cousin and 
heir Ralph Elston (apparently son of 
Robert); ibid. Again in 1553-4 
William Elston, who had married 
Katherine daughter of Evan Browne, 
was to have Brockholes ; ibid. It 
appears that he was the younger son of 
Ralph Elston ; Richard the elder son 
had died. 

Ralph Elston and Richard his son 
were out-burgesses of the guild of I 542 ; 
Preston Guild R. 19. In the same year 

III 



two messuages, &c., were settled on 
Ralph Elston and Richard his son and 
heir-apparent ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 12, m. 81. Ralph Elston occurs as 
vendor (or trustee) in 1553 ; ibid. bdle. 
14, m. 48. 

In 1538-9 Roger Asshaw and Jane 
his wife claimed a 'form or kneeling 
place ' in Preston Church in right of his 
manor of Elston, but Ralph Elston of 
Old Brockholes asserted his right to it. 
The churchwardens, seeing that ' man- 
slaughter, sedition, and great unquietness 
were like to have ensued,' took away 
the form till a legal decision could be 
given ; T. C. Smith, Preston Church, 
250-1. 

85 Ralph Elston, named above, died 
4 Nov. 155^ holding a capital messuage 
and lands in Brockholes of the executors 
of the will of Lord La Warre in socage 
by a rent of 4^. yearly. The kinsman 
and heir was Richard Elston, aged five 
years ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 
3. The following field-names, &c., are 
given : Grey Bank, Margaret Acre, Boat- 
field, Holme, Eases, Oldhouse, Brew- 
house, &c. 

Richard Elston, a minor, made com- 
plaint in 1571 as to invasion of his 
grandfather's lands by John Shireburne 
and Katherine his wife ; Duchy of Lane. 
Plead. Eliz. Ixxxii, E I. 

From the Preston Guild R. (p. 27) it 
would seem that Richard was the son 
and heir of Richard (? William) Elston, 
deceased. A settlement of Richard 
Elston's estate in Brockholes or Over 
Brockholes was made in 1574 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 36, m. 73. He 
died in 1592 holding the same estate of 
John Lacy (as- of his manor of Man- 
chester) by the twenty-sixth part of a 
knight's fee and a rent of j\.d. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 14. The service 
was that due for a moiety of Brockholes. 

William the son and heir was thirteen 
years of age. He died in 1636 holding 
his Brockholes estate of Edward Mosley 
of Manchester by the fourth part of a 
knight's fee and \d. rent ; Robert his son 
and heir was twenty-eight years of age ; 
ibid, xxix, no. i. William Elston, a 
scholar and a Puritan, was the author of 
a history of his family (Harl. MS. 1727, 
fol. 336), under the title of Mundana 
Mutabilia : Ethelestophylax. Extracts 
from it were printed in the Preston 
Guardian of 1 88 1, Feb. 5, 19, &c. 

86 Robert Elston's son William died in 
1664 without issue, and Robert's six 
daughters in the same year sold the estate 
to Paul Moreau of Knowsley, who settled 
at Brockholes. 

37 The vendor was Paul Moreau, 
grandson of the purchaser in 1664. Paul 
Moreau, James his son and Paul his 
grandson, &c., were out-burgesses of the 
guild of 1682 ; Preston Guild R. 191. 

38 For pedigree see Fishwick, op. cit. 
276. Thomas Winckley was son of 
John Winckley, curate of Garstang 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Petre in 1^75 ; from him it has come to his son, the 
present owner, Mr. Oswald Henry Philip Turville- 
Petre, of Husbands Bosworth. 39 

HIGHER BROCKHOLES, now a farm-house, 
stands on low ground near the Kibble below Red 
Scar, the river here flowing in a south-easterly direc- 
tion on the east side of the house, the front of which 
faces south. It is a long, low, two-storied stuccoed 
building very much modernized, but retaining for 
the most part its grey slated roof and some portions 
of its original timber framing. 40 The house, how- 
ever, is architecturally uninteresting except for a 
portion at the east end now disused, which is a good 
example of ijth-century black and white work on a 
low stone base, with overhanging upper floor and 
gable. The work is simple in detail, consisting 
mostly of the structural framework filled in with 
straight and diagonal pieces and quatrefoils. A 
carved oak panel bears the date 1643 and the initials 
R E A, probably those of Robert Elston and Ann his 
wife. The interior has been almost entirely moder- 
nized, but contains old oak stairs and thick oak 
doors. 41 

The Singleton moiety 43 descended to William Sin- 
gleton, who died in 1556 without legitimate issue. 43 
A pedigree was recorded in i6i3. 44 The estate was 
in i 564 sold to Sir John Southworth of Samlesbury, 45 



and afterwards changed hands, being at last in 1696 
acquired by the above-named Thomas Winckley. 46 
The two moieties thus reunited have so continued to 
the present time. 

LOWER BROCKHOLES, now a farm-house, 
stands in a low situation close to the bend of the 
Ribble near Brockholes Bridge, facing east towards 
Samlesbury. 47 It is a small two-story bu'lding of 
no particular interest architecturally, having been very 
much modernized and the exterior covered with rough- 
cast. The windows are all modern, but the roof 
retains its grey stone slates, and the north wing, which 
has a separate gabled roof at right angles to that of 
the rest of the house, preserves its old half-timber 
construction above the ground floor, though much of 
the timber has been renewed. There is a wide open 
gabled porch of two stories projecting 9 ft. 6 in. and 
measuring 8 ft. square inside, over the archway of 
which is a stone dated 1634 with the initials and 
arms of Francis Bindloss, the arms with helm, crest 
and mantling, and a crescent for difference. The 
interior is structurally uninteresting, but a small oak 
staircase of good design with turned Jacobean balusters 
still remains, and in one of the bedrooms is some oak 
panelling forming a dado, on which is the inscrip- 
tion, ' Quamlibet expectes horam tibi ducere mortem, 
disce mori mundo Christoque resurgere spera, 1630.' 



(1637) and of Broughton (1661); he 
was registrar of the duchy Chancery 
office. He died in 1710 and was 
succeeded by his son John, who died in 
I 7^>7f John's son Thomas left an only 
daughter Frances, who married Sir John 
Shelley, sixth baronet (d. 1852). 

39 Mr. E. H. Petre died in 1902. 

40 The timber construction shows 
externally at the back. 

41 Fishwick, op. cit. 298. 

43 Nicholas Singleton, possessor in 
the time of Henry VI, has been men- 
tioned. There was an arbitration in 
1474 between Alice widow of Nicholas 
Singleton and the sons James (the 
heir), John, Lawrence and Roger ; HH, 
no. 1918. John Singleton of Brockholes 
in 1485 granted all his lands to Sir 
Alexander Hoghton, apparently as 
trustee; ibid. no. 1902. In 14956 
Robert Singleton, another son of Nicholas, 
released all his claim to his brother John ; 
no. 189$. 

In 1487-8 James Singleton and 
Thomas his son became bound to 
Richard Singleton of Broughton, en- 
gaging to make no alienation of the 
inheritance of Nicholas, father of James, 
so that it might descend to Richard the 
son of James, except as to lands of 20 
marks yearly, the dower of Agnes wife of 
James and daughter of Richard Hoghton 
of the Lawnd in Bowland. Richard was 
to occupy the Bank in Broughton ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 389. 

Richard Singleton died in 1499, having 
been married or betrothed as early as 
1458, while his grandfather Nicholas was 
living, to Elizabeth his wife, who survived 
him. He held the moiety of the manor 
of Brockholes of Sir Thomas West Lord 
La Warre in socage and other lands in 
Bolton-le-Sands, &c. Thomas his son 
and heir was twenty-seven years of age ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 52. 
Thomas Singleton about two years later 
made a feoffment of messuages and lands 
in Brockholes called Rishmelfield, Gam- 



ridding, a water-mill and a fishing, to 
fulfil the marriage covenants of his sons 
Robert and Henry with Anne and Aline, 
daughters of John Singleton of Shingle 
Hall ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 381. 

Robert Singleton died in 1525, his wife 
Anne having died before him, leaving a 
son and heir William, only about two 
years old. He held one moiety of the 
manor of Brockholes and various lands, 
&c., in the other moiety of Lord La 
Warre, as of his manor of Manchester, 
by knight's service. He also held a 
burgage and land in Preston of the heir 
of Adam Brockholes by the rent of three 
grains of pepper, and other tenements in 
Broughton, Barton, Ribchester, Whitting- 
ham, Bolton-le-Sands, &c. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 64. 

43 Ibid, x, no. I, in which his will is 
recited as well as various family settle- 
ments. To Mary his wife he allowed his 
dwelling-house, a close called Gamridding, 
with mill and fishing ; to Robert his 
bastard son he gave certain closes and 
his interest in the tithe of Brockholes. 
Brockholes was held of Lord La Warre 
by the seventeenth part of a knight's 
fee and the rent of 4^. The heir was 
his uncle Henry Singleton, chaplain, 
aged fifty-five. From later depositions it 
appears that Henry had been a friar. 
For Robert Brockholes see Exch. Dep. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 2. 

44 Visit. (Chet. Soc.), Si. 

45 An indenture concerning the manor 
is enrolled in the Common Pleas, Mich. 
3 & 4 Phil, and Mary. An account of 
the disputes which followed William 
Singleton's death will be found, with 
copies of depositions, in Fishwick's 
Preston, 94-6, 289-93. It appears that 
the above Henry Singleton and his 
nephew William son of Thomas Single- 
ton of Bank Hall in Broughton sold the 
estate to John Singleton of Ripley, who 
in 1565 sold to Sir John Southworth. 
John son of Henry Singleton in 1557 
gave his life interest in the Eyes in 

112 



Brockholes to John Singleton of Ripley ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 389, no. 399. 
Fines relating to the settlements at the 
same time are Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdles. 17, m. 33, 80 ; 27, m. 171. 

After the death of Sir John Southworth 
in 1595 his estate in Brockholes, not 
called a manor, was said to have been 
held of the lord of Manchester by the 
three-hundredth part of a knight's fee 
and the rent of 4</. A free fishery in 
the Ribble was included ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 3. 

By Thomas Southworth (son of Sir 
John) Brockholes was mortgaged and 
then (1620) sold to Edmund Breres of 
Preston, and sold again the next year 
to Sir Robert Bindloss of Berwick Hall. 
It descended to a grandson Francis and 
then to his sister Dorothy wife of Sir 
Charles Wheler, who in 1668 sold to 
Paul Moreau, owner of Higher Brock- 
holes, and John Walshman of Preston, 
who divided the estate ; Preston Chron., 
May 1862. Fishwick (op. cit. 96) states 
that Lower Brockholes was in 1682 
the property of Hugh (John) Walshman, 
who died in 1694. 

48 The Walshman share was sold to 
Winckley in 1696 and the Moreau share 
in 1698. A full abstract of the title is in 
Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 292-310. 

47 Lower Brockholes was formerly 
reached from Preston by a roadway 
known as Brockall Lane, which now 
forms part of the high road from Preston 
to Blackburn made in 1824. There was 
a direct way between the two towns 
previous to that date, but it was a mere 
lane, and there was either no bridge or 
a very primitive one across the river at 
Lower Brockholes. When the road and 
bridge were projected the landowners and 
farmers petitioned Parliament to refuse 
authority for its construction, their con- 
tention being that if the new road were 
made it would give Samlesbury farmers 
the means of competing with them at 
Preston ; Preston Guardian, 28 Dec. 1907. 




GRIMSARGH AND BROCKHOLES : HIGHER BROCKHOLES 




GRIMSARGH AND BROCKHOLES : LOWER BROCKHOLES 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



Apart from the lords of the manor there are few 
records of estates in the combined township, 48 and in 
most cases the owners of them did not reside there. 
A branch of the Hoghton family, however, was in the 
1 7th century resident in Grimsargh, and in 1653 
William Hoghton, a ' delinquent,' whose estate had 
been ordered for sale by the Parliament, desired to 
compound, but was too late. 49 William Elston and 
William Hoghton in 1631 paid 10 each, having 
refused knighthood. 50 Several estates of Grimsargh 
' Papists ' were registered in 1 7 1 j. 61 

In connexion with the Church of England a chapel 
was erected at Grimsargh about 1716 by the efforts 
of Samuel Peploe, vicar of Preston. 52 It was dedi- 
cated to St. Michael. It was entirely rebuilt in 
1868-9 by the Rev. John Cross, brother of the lord 
of the manor. 53 It had a separate parish assigned to 
it in i875. 84 The vicars are presented by the vicar 
of Preston. 

A Congregational mission was begun in 1903. 

St. John's College, Grimsargh, is a private adven- 
ture school for boys. 85 

ELSTON 

Etheliston, 1212; Echelyston, 1284; Echilston, 
1285 ; Ethelston, 1297 ; Etheleston, 1301 ; Elston, 
Elleston xv cent. 

This township has an area of 961^- acres, 1 and in 
1901 there was a population of 59. The Ribble 
forms a large part of the boundary, and in a bend of 
it there is some low-lying level ground, but the sur- 
face in general is elevated, rising quickly till over 
200 ft. above sea level is attained. There are woods 



PRESTON 

overlooking the river at the eastern end, and the 
western boundary is formed by a small wooded clough. 

The principal road runs south from the Preston and 
Longridge road, through the middle of the township, 
till it reaches the level tract mentioned ; here is the 
hamlet of Elston. 

The land is chiefly in pasture. The soil is clay, 
loam and alluvial, with subsoil various. 

The pipe line of the Manchester water supply from 
Thirlmere passes through the township, and thence 
through the Ribble into Samlesbury. 

The Tnanor of ELSTON, assessed as 
M4NOR one plough-land, appears to have been sepa- 
rated from Grimsargh after the Conquest 
and given to the lord of Penwortham. Warine 
Bussel gave it with Heaton in Lonsdale to Hamon Ic 
Boteler in free marriage, 2 and 
Hamon appears to have given 
it to the Knights of St. John 
of Jerusalem, a gift ratified 
by Albert Bussel. 3 The 
knights gave it to William 
son of Hamon, to be held 
free of suit to their court of 
Amounderness, but paying an 
annual rent of 8j. and an 
obit of 2 marks. 4 This free 
rent, representing the lord- 
ship of the Hospitallers, was 
in 1613 acquired by the 
Shireburnes of Stonyhurst. 5 

The estate of William son of Hamon in Golborne 6 
descended to the Hoghton family, but Elston went in 





WALMSLEY. Gules 
tn a chief ermine two 
hurts. 



48 Ellis de Knoll and Alice his wife 
about 1290 granted Edmund Earl of 
Lancaster a piece of land in Grimsargh 
lying on the east side of his park of 
Hyde ; Great Coucher, i, fol. 62, no. 13. 
Matthew de Huyton (? Heaton) and 
Maud his wife in 1323-4 claimed land 
in Grimsargh against Alice the widow 
and Adam the son of Ellis de Knoll ; 
Assize R. 425, m. 5 d. 

In 1351 Roger de Blackburn acquired 
a messuage and land in Grimsargh from 
John son of Ralph de Freckleton and 
Maud his wife ; Final Cone, ii, 131. 

William Pole and Margery his wife in 
1378 held two messuages with land and rent 
in Grimsargh, Brockholes and Preston ; 
ibid, iii, 5. Their tenant Richard de 
Smewes was perhaps the Richard who 
occurred as defendant in July 1351; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. I, m. 5. 

William Pole was in 1398-9 accused 
of felling and carrying away certain trees 
belonging to Nicholas de Brockholes ; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 1020. Later 
(1454-5) an agreement was made between 
John Pole and John son of Roger Elston 
as to the bounds of their lands in Brock- 
holes ; Kuerden MSS. vi, fol. 74. 

John Singleton in 1530 held land in 
Grimsargh of Sir Richard Hoghton in 
socage ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, 
no. 32. In 1541 Gabriel Hesketh pur- 
chased from another John Singleton lands 
in Claughton and Grimsargh ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 60. Bar- 
tholomew Hesketh of Rufford made a 
purchase in 1536-7 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea 
R. 162, m. 15. George Hesketh of 
Poulton died in 1571 holding land in 
Grimsargh of Thomas Hoghton by a 
rent of q.d. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 



xiii, no. 15. See also Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), iii, 363. 

Evan Browne of Ribbleton in 1545 
held land in Grimsargh of Richard 
Hoghton by a rent of zod. ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 24. Thomas 
Brockholes in 1567 also held land there 
of Thomas Hoghton ; ibid, xi, no. 6. 

The Gerards of Brynn had land in 
Grimsargh said to be held of the king in 
thegnage by a rent of zd. in 1537 ; ibid, 
viii, no. 29, 13. William Pemberton in 
1575 purchased a messuage and land 
there from Sir Thomas Gerard ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 37, m. 154. 
Richard Pemberton died in 1619 holding 
of Sir Richard Hoghton by a rent of 6d. ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), ii, 224. 

Thomas Asshaw in 1564 purchased a 
tenement there from the Earl of Derby ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 
152. This was perhaps the messuage 
held in 1627 by Sir John Radcliffe of 
Ordsall, the tenure not being stated in 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 6. 

Thomas Shireburne of Heysham held 
land in Grimsargh of Hoghton in 1635 ; 
Towneley MS. 8,13 (Chet. Lib.), 1083. 

49 Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), iii, 301 ; Index of 
Royalists (Index Soc.), 42. See also Fish- 
wick, Preston, 361. 

Two husbandmen of Grimsargh, 
Thomas and John Cosson, being ' sus- 
pected of popery,' were in 1653 summoned 
before the committee for compounding. 
They did not appear, and the two-thirds 
of their estates were sequestered ; Cal. 
Com. for Comp. i, 656. 

40 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lane*, and Ches.), 

1, 221. 



41 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Nonjurors, 95, 1367. Their names were 
Paul Charnley, John Coseney, Robert 
Hummer, Richard Fishwick, George 
Clarkson, James Rogerson, Gilbert Slater 
and Thomas Slater. 

52 Gastrcll, Notitia (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
470. It was consecrated in 1726. 

53 T. C. Smith, Longridge, 210-14 ; 
notices of curates in charge and vicars are 
given, with a view of the church. See also 
Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 85-8. 

A ' Capellanus de Brockholes ' attested 
an agreement in 1253, but the place- 
name may be the surname only ; Harl. 
MS. 21 1 2, fol. 65/107. 

54 Land. Gaz. 14 May 1875. 

55 T. C. Smith, Longridge, 216. The 
place was formerly known as The Her- 
mitage, the residence of a family named 
Chadwick. 

1 959 acres, according to the Census 
Rep. 1901, including 30 of inland water. 

* Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 30. 

3 Ibid. Elston (30 acres) was confirmed 
to the Hospitallers by Henry II and 
Richard I (1189) ; Cartae Antiquae T 39 
and RRi7 (noted by Mr. R. Gladstone, 
jun.). It is named among their lands in 
1292 ; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 

4 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, loc. cit. from 
Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 82*. 

5 Elston is named among Hospitallers' 
lands granted in 1611 to George Whit- 
more and others ; Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. xxvii. 
It was sold to Richard Shireburne of 
Stonyhurst in 1613 ; Kuerden MSS. ii, 
fol. 132. It is named in an inquisition ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 4. 

6 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 74. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



a different way, as the Hoghton holding there appear; 
to have been acquired by purchase, 7 and was after- 
wards said to be held of the Crown in socage by 
a rent of i8^. s Several families, possibly younger 
branches, 9 assumed Elston as a surname, one of them 
of long continuance in the neighbouring township of 
Brockholes. The immediate lordship seems to have 
descended to one John de Elston, living in the 
time of Edward III. 10 About a century later, in 1 446, 
Sir Thomas Harrington and others purchased it from 



Isabel and Joan, daughters and heirs of John Shaw. 11 
On the partition of Sir James Harrington's lands in 
1516 Elston fell to the share of his daughter Mar- 
garet, 12 who married Christopher Hulton, and so it 
descended to Asshaw 1S and Radcliffe of Ordsall. 14 In 
1610-1 1 it was sold to Sir Thomas Walmesley, 15 and 
after changing hands again was acquired by Thomas 
Walmsley, 16 in whose family it remained till recently. 
The present lord of the manor, it is stated, is 
Mr. William Cross of Frensham, Surrey. 



7 Alexander son of William de Elston 
released to Adam de Hoghton his rights 
in waters, mills, fisheries, &c., within the 
vill, 2os. being paid, and William son of 
Alexander de Elston confirmed to Adam 
de Hoghton all his part of the mill, with 
mill-stead, &c., for a rent of a pair of 
white gloves ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 168, 
132. 

In 1301 Richard son of William son of 
Warine de Elston gave Master Richard de 
Hoghton all his right in Elston ; Dods. 
MSS. cxlii, fol. 59. In the same year 
Elston is named among the Hoghton 
estates ; Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 192. 

Maud daughter of Paulin de Westacre, 
as widow, released to Sir Adam de Hogh- 
ton in 1330 all right in her father's lands 
in Elston and her right of turbary in 
Grimsargh for her life ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 84, fol. 254. A Henry de Wedacre 
was plaintiff respecting land in the town- 
ship in 1285 ; Assize R. 1271, m. 12. 

8 Sir Richard Hoghton in 1422 was 
found to have held a messuage and 40 
acres in Elston ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. 
Soc.), i, 146. See also Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 26, where the rent is 
not stated. 

9 William de Elston and Roger his 
brother were stated in 1346 to hold four 
plough-lands in Elston, &c., by knight's 
service ; Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. Ill (2nd 
nos.), no. 62. To a charter of 1349 the 
following were witnesses : John de Elston, 
William son of Roger de Elston, William 
son of Paulin de Elston and Roger de 
Elston; Towneley MS. HH, no. 1906. 
John dc Elston of Elston, John de Elston 
of Ribbleton and Roger de Elston attested 
a charter of the year 1362 ; Piccope MSS. 
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 27. 

William son of Roger de Elston, Roger 
his brother and William son of Paulin de 
Elston occur together in 1355 ; Kuerden 
fol. MS. fol. 50, B 8. 

A deed of about 1280 names Roger son 
of William de Elston and Paulin his 
brother ; Kuerden MSS. iii, H 2. Henry 
de Blackburn and Eve his wife (about 
1302) granted their son John their right in 
2oJ. rent due from William son of Paulin 
de Elston; Add. MS. 32106, no. 309. 
Christiana widow of Paulin de Elston and 
William her son occur in 1 340 ; Kuerden 
MSS. ii, fol. 256*. 

The following pleadings show that the 
partition between several Elston families 
goes back some distance of time. In 1280 
James de Elston claimed half a messuage 
and oxgang of land against Robert de 
Elston and Roger his brother ; William 
de Elston was called to warrant ; De 
Banco R. 36, m. 69 ; 42, m. 38. In 
1284 James de Elston was non-suited in 
a claim for land against Robert son of 
William de Elston ; Assize R. 1268, 
m. 12 d. It seems that James was the son 
of a Roger de Elston ; Kuerden fol. MS. 
(Chet. Lib.), 906, D 53. 



William de Myr of Elston in 1282 
sought a messuage and oxgang of land 
against Robert de Elston, and the same 
against Roger de Elston ; while Robert 
son of William de Elston and Roger his 
brother sought a small tenement against 
John son of Agnes de Elston ; De Banco 
R. 47, m. 32, 34 d. Robert de Elston 
and Roger his brother attested a charter 
c. 1284 ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 74. 

Again in 1298 Cecily daughter of 
Robert de Elston and her sisters Margery, 
Elizabeth and Emma claimed goods to the 
value of 12 from William son of Ralph, 
Alice his wife and Roger de Elston ; 
De Banco R. 124, m. 64. 

10 The descent seems to be : William 
de Elston s. Robert s. William -s. 
John. 

To William de Elston, 'his lord,' the 
Alexander son of William son of Arthur 
de Elston already mentioned granted land 
in Elston; Had. MS. 2042, fol. 171. 
He was probably the William called to 
warrant in 1280. 

Robert son of William de Elston has 
been named as defendant in 1284-5. To 
his son Richard in 1318 he granted all 
his lands in Elston; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 164, fol. 271. The manor, however, 
seems to have descended to another son 
William, who in 1328 was defendant to 
a claim put forward by Roger and Paulin, 
sons of William de Elston and Roger son 
of Roger ; Assize R. 1400, m. 233. 

John de Elston was lord in 1337 ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 150. He (as son 
of William) was in that year one defen- 
dant to a claim by William son of William 
de Elston; Assize R. 1424, m. II. In 
1346 Margery daughter of William son 
of Richard de Ashley (of Whittingham) 
claimed three messuages and a plough-land 
in Elston in right of her mother Christiana, 
daughter and heir of Nicholas the Clerk, 
seised in the time of Edward I. The 
defendants were Maud widow of William 
de Elston and John the son of William ; 
John said that the tenement was only one 
messuage and 6 acres of land and that he 
held jointly with Maud his wife ; De 
Banco R. 342, m. 20 ; 345, m. 21 ; 348, 
m. 304. The suit went on for some 
years. At Pentecost, 1352, John de 
Elston further defended his right by say- 
ing that plaintiff's mother had released to 
his grandfather Robert all her right in 
Elston, but the charter was denied ; Duchy 
of Lane. Assize R. 2, m. vij d. In the 
end Margery lost her case ; ibid. 6, m. 7 d. 

In 1346 John de Elston made a feoff- 
ment of his manor of Elston with all its 
buildings, homages, services, reliefs, &c. ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. in. He made an 
exchange of lands in 1358, Roger de 
Elston and William son of Paulin de 
Elston being witnesses ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 433. 

In 1357 John de Elston purchased 10 
acres in Elston from William de Dodhill 
and Alice his wife; Final Cone, ii, 154. 

114 



In 1363 it was found that the tenement 
of Joan wife of Gilbert the Tailor in 
Elston, taken into the king's hands for 
felony, was held of John de Elston the 
elder by the rent of 9.1. e,d. ; Inq. p.m. 37 
Edw. Ill (tst nos.), no. 23. 

In 1369 there were two Johns, but the 
John de Elston who attested a Ribbleton 
charter granted by John de Elston the 
younger was probably the lord of Elston ; 
Add. MS. 32107, no. 2975. At the same 
time a John son of William de Elston 
complained that Alice widow of William 
de Elston was causing waste in Elston ; 
De Banco R. 433, m. 425 ; see also 447, 
m. 189. 

In the following year John de Elston 
the elder made a settlement of lands in 
Elston, Preston and Haighton ; Kuerden 
MSS. iv, E 5. 

It was perhaps his son who as Roger 
son of John de Elston obtained land in 
the township from William son of Robert 
West of Elston in 1382-3 ; ibid. Roger 
de Elston in 1395 purchased three mes- 
suages, &c., from John de Shorrock the 
younger and Agnes his wife ; Final Cone. 
iii, 46. There was, however, a Roger de 
Elston of Ribbleton and Brockholes. 

11 Ibid. 112. The estate was described 
as the manor of Elston, with messuages, 
land and wood in Ribchester, Haighton 
and Preston and the moiety of a mill in 
Haighton. The purchasers were probably 
trustees of Harrington of Wolfage. 

Sir James Harrington of Brixworth, in 
a deed dated at Elston, made a feoffment 
of all his lands in Elston, Haighton, 
Fishwick, Dinckley and Lancaster ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 473. Isabel his widow 
in 1498 made a release of the same ; ibid, 
no. 830. 12 Norris D. (B.M.). 

13 Land. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
171-2. 

In 1552 Joan widow of Roger Asshaw 
and daughter of Margaret, one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of Sir James Har- 
rington, gave her son Anthony an annuity 
of 4 marks from her lands in Elston, 
Haighton, Goosnargh, &c. ; Add. MS. 
32105, fol. 214. At the same time she 
made a general settlement ; ibid. fol. 213. 

14 See the accounts of Heath Charnock 
and Salford. 

15 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 78, 
no. 22 ; 77, no. i, 8. 

16 Fishwick, Preston, 93. 

In 1625 Robert Randolph leased to 
Thomas Heneage the manor of Elston 
and a messuage in Preston for five years ; 
Cal. S. P. Dom. 1625-6, p. 49. See also 
Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 247. 

In 16523 the manor of Elston, with 
messuages, windmill, tithes, &c., and a 
free fishery in the Ribble were held by 
John Box, Anne his wife, Thomas Ince, 
Robert Charnock, esq., Thomas Harrison, 
esq., Elizabeth his wife and Hester Char- 
nock ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 151, 
m. 127, 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



There are but few other details known regarding 
estates in this township. 17 Henry Gregson paid J~io 
in 1631, having declined knighthood. 173 Robert 
Hothersall 18 and Henry Walmesley 19 had their 
estates sequestered under the Commonwealth. Two 
or three ' Papists' registered small estates in 17 ij. 20 

Apart from Mr. Cross's land the principal holding 
is that of the Goosnargh Hospital, comprising the 
tenements called Marsh House (or Elston Hall), 
Salisbury and Moorfields, in all about 220 acres. 21 

John March's house in Elston was in 1672 licensed 
for a Presbyterian meeting. 22 

FISHWICK 

Fiscuic, Dom. Bk. ; Fiswich, 1202; Fiskwic, 
1203 ; Fyswic, c. 1220 ; Fischwic, "1 2 2 5 ; Fissewyk, 
c. 1250; Fiswike, 1251; Fixwyk, 1297; Fisshe- 
wyke, 1302 ; Phisick, xviii cent. This last shows 
the local pronunciation. 

This township extends from the south-east border 
of Preston to the Ribble. A large part of the surface 
is low-lying level ground in bends of the river, but in 
the west and north the surface rises steeply and 
irregularly, a height of about 1506. above sea level 
being attained. The hall is in the eastern part of 
the township, near the foot of the slope and at the 
opening of a small clough. The Swillbrook was the 
boundary between Fishwick and Preston ; it has now 
disappeared. Frenchwood lies between it and the 
Ribble, to the west of the road to Walton. The 
area is 69 2 J acres, and the population in 1901 was 
4,884. 

The ancient highway from Preston to the south, 



PRESTON 

by way of Walton-le-Dale, passes through Fishwick, 
and the bridge across the river there has long been 
pre-eminently ' Ribble Bridge.' From the bridge a 
minor road leads north-east towards the hall and 
thence to Preston, while another road and footpath 
lead west towards Avenham Park. 

Dwelling-houses have spread over the border from 
Preston, with which town Fishwick has been joined 
for municipal and parliamentary purposes since the 
Reform Acts. In 1894 the township ceased to exist, 
being now part of the enlarged township of Preston. 1 
The manor of F1SHWICK was in 
MANOR 1066 a member of the Preston lordship 
of Earl Tostig, and was assessed as one 
plough-land. 2 Some time after the Conquest it was 
given to the Forester of Lancaster, as part of his fee, 3 
and descended in the same way 4 as the Gernet 
moiety of Eccleston in Ley- 
land, coming into the hands 
of Richard Molyneux of Sefton 
in I539- 5 The manor of 
Fishwick and the lands, &c., 
in Fishwick, Ribbleton and 
Brockholes were in 1 5 69 
found to be held of the queen 
in socage by fealty only 6 ; 
and this statement of the 
tenure was repeated later. 7 

It does not appear that the 
lords of the manor ever re- 
sided there, and the chief 

interest of the Molyneux possession arises from the 
fact that in the 1 7th century the hall became the 
centre of a Roman Catholic mission, 8 and it was 




MOLYNKUX. Aur 
a cross moline or. 



Thomas Walmsley of Elston and his 
sons Thomas and Richard were burgesses 
at the Preston Guild of 1782 ; Abram, 
Mem. of the Guilds, 104. 

17 Sir Thomas Ashton (i 5 14) purchased 
lands in Elston and Haighton from his 
father-in-law Sir James Harrington, but 
the tenure is not stated ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. iv, no. 80. 

Ralph Elston's capital messuage in 
Brockholes was in 1557 described as 'in 
the town of Elston' ; ibid, x, no. 3. 

17 * Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
i, 222. 

18 His estate was sequestered for recu- 
sancy. In 1650 he settled part on his 
wife Katherine, who after his death sold 
her interest, and the purchaser in 1654 
desired an examination of his title ; 
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), iii, 262. 

19 Henry Walmsley, husbandman, was 
in 1653 'suspected of popery,' and there- 
fore summoned before the committee for 
compounding. On his refusing to abjure 
his religion, two-thirds of his estate was 
sequestered ; Cal. Com. for Comp. i, 656. 

20 Henry Cumaleach, son-in-law of 
John Walmsley ; Alice and Anne Charn- 
ley ; Estcourt and Payne, Eng. Cath. No* 
jurors, 139, 104. 

21 End. Char. Rep. (Kirkham, 1 904), 42, 
123. Cal. S. P. Dom. 1672, p. 200. 

1 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607. 

y.C.H. Lanes, i, 28 8 A. 

3 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 43, 121. In 1252 
Roger Gernet held one plough-land in 
chief of the king by service of the forest ; 
he had all the land except i oxgang 
and 60 acres, the moiety of a fishery in 



the Ribble, and a mill worth 301. yearly ; 
ibid, i, 187-8. 

In 1225 an agreement was made 
between William and Roger Gernet as 
to the manor of Fishwick. It was held 
in dower by Cecily widow apparently of 
Benedict Gernet, father of Roger and 
grandfather of William ; Farrer, Lanes. 
Pipe R. 204, &c. Cecily married one 
William known as the Villein, and Roger 
warranted the manor to them, while 
William Gernet renounced all claim to 
it on behalf of himself and his heirs in 
return for half a plough-land in Crophill. 
Roger Gernet's lordship of Fishwick was 
therefore undisputed ; Final Cone. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 46. 

4 William de Dacre held Fishwick by 
knight's service in 1297 ; at that time 
the vill rendered js. Bd. to the Earl of 
Lancaster ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 
298, 289. From a return made in 1302 
it would appear that the tenure had been 
altered from forestry to knight's service ; 
ibid, i, 317. The old service of master 
forester was, however, recorded in 1 3 24, 
Randle de Dacre being lord ; Dods. MSS. 
cxxxi, fol. 41^. A further change was 
made before 1458, when Sir Thomas 
Dacre of Gillesland was found to have 
held the manor of Fishwick of the king 
as of his Duchy of Lancaster in socage 
by the service of a grain of pepper ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 65. 

In 1324 the annual value of the estate 
was returned as j i8j., made up thus : 
A messuage with fruit and herbage, 2s. ; 
60 acres arable, 301. ; 6 acres meadow, 
6s. ; a fishery in the Ribble, 261. 8</. ; a 
water-mill, 40*., and 8 oxgangs of land, 
held by free tenants who paid 6s. Sd. for 

"5 



each oxgang 53*. 4</. ; Inq. p.m. 18 
Edw. II, no. 41. Sir William de Dacre 
in 1358 complained that Robert son of 
Henry de Kuerden and others had taken 
hares and pheasants from his free warren 
at Fishwick ; Assize R. 438, m. 7. The 
clear value of the manor was stated as 
10 marks in 1375 ; Inq. p.m. 49 
Edw. Ill, pt. i, no. 39. 

After the confiscation in 1461 thismanor 
was granted for life to Eleanor widow of 
Sir Randle Dacre in 1467 as compensa- 
tion for dower ; Cal. Pat. 1467-77, p. 26. 

Richard Fiennes Lord Dacre in 1486 
held the manors of Fishwick and Eccles- 
ton by knight's service ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. iii, no. 58. His successor 
Thomas Fiennes Lord Dacre in 1506 
sold them to Edmund Dudley ; ibid, iv, 
no. 21 ; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 545. 
From John Dudley the manors passed to 
Sir Thomas Seymer in 1530 and to 
Edward Elrington in 1538 ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. u, m. 113, 16. 

5 Ibid. bdle. 12, m. 15. The manor 
is named in a Molyneux settlement of 
1558 ; ibid. bdle. 20, m. 80. 

6 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 35. 

7 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), iii, 390 ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xxvii, no. 59. 

8 In 1586 Evan Banister, an 'old 
priest,' was harboured by Jane Eyves of 
Fishwick, widow ; Baines, Lanes, (ed. 
Harland), i, 180, from Harl. MS. 360, 
fol. 32. 'It is probable that the chapel 
within the hall was regularly served before 
Dom Bartholomew Gregory Hesketh 
took charge of the mission in 1685 and 
built the chapel there, wherein were 
organs, bells, vestments and a pulpit, at 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



reported to the Government in 1717 that Lord 
Molyneux had given the place to the English 
Benedictines both as a mission station and an en- 
dowment. 9 If the report was true proof was 
wanting, and the manor was retained by the family 
until the sale in 1729. It was purchased by Sir 
Henry Hoghton in 1731, and from a later Sir Henry 
in 1785 by William Shawe of Preston. 11 From him 
it descended to Thomas Rigby Knowles, who died 
in 1901, leaving an infant son. The estate is in 
the hands of trustees. No courts have been held for 
many years. The hall was parted from the manor, 
and in 1731 sold to Thomas Astley of Preston, a 
chief rent of 3*. 8</. being then payable to t^e 



Forester of Myerscough. 1 * It was about 1760 pur- 
chased by the above-named William Shawe. 

Lists of the free tenants in the I3th and 1 4th 
centuries have been preserved 13 ; their holdings were 
no doubt the basis of the freehold estates of later 
times, but no detailed account of them can be given. 
Some of the families took the surname of Fishwick, 14 
and other owners can be traced by the inquisitions 
and other records. 14 

The principal resident family was that of Eyves. 
Robert del Eves of Fishwick in 1394 leased to Sir 
Richard Hoghton his ' manor ' of Fishwick, from 
which there were due rents of 6 $s. \d. to Dacre 
and iu. to Langton. 16 In 1617 the hall was leased 



deposed before the Commissioners of For- 
feited Estates in 1718'; ]. Gillow in 
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 159. 

Lanes, and CAes. Rec. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 173-4. The hall 
was called Physick Hall. There is an 
allusion to the estate in a letter from 
Richard Hitchmough ; Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Rec. 124. 

10 Under the Private Act 2 Geo. II, 
cap. 9. 

11 Abstract of W. Shawe's title in the 
possession of the Knowles Trustees. 
The appointment of a gamekeeper by Sir 
Henry Hoghton as lord of the manor in 
1734 was printed in the Preston Guardian, 
24 Apr. 1875. 

For a pedigree showing the Shawe 
descent see Fishwick's Preston, 343. 

13 Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 242. 
For an account of die Astleys see Fish- 
wick, op. cit. 308. 

13 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 1789, 
dated 124751, and showing the aliena- 
tions made, the rents due and the por- 
tions of a knight's fee for which service 
was to be rendered. The land amounted 
to I oxgang and 5 8 acres and the rents to 
151. zd., as follows : 

Roger the Clerk of Fishwick, i oxgang 
of land and 3 acres, paying 6s. 8J., and 
being ordered to render the service due for 
the twentieth part of a fee. 

Baldwin de Preston, the moiety of mill 
and 20 acres of land and wood, 35. zd. 
and one-fortieth. 

John son of John, 6 acres, 2s. and one- 
fiftieth. 

Heirs of Roger del Ridding, 22 acres, 
is. 6d. and one-fiftieth. 

William Watchet, 4 acres ; 6d. 

William son of Richard, 3 acres ; q.d. 

Benedict Gernet gave an assart to 
Robert his clerk, son of Ralph de Preston, 
a rent of 6d. being payable ; Kuerden 
MSS. ii, fol. 227*. 

The above-named Baldwin de Preston 
died in 1251 holding in Fishwick an 
assart, called Dustescahe, of 18 acres each 
worth 4-d. a year, also the moiety of a mill 
worth 31.5 he rendered 31. zd. to the 
king. His heir was his son Henry, aged 
seventeen ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 
183, 192. 

The tenancies of 1346 (corrected by 

the sheriff's compotus of 1348) were : 

Messuage Acres Rent 

s. d. 

Alan del Moor . . . i 22 70 
William de Fishwick . i 6 08 
Adam son of Simon . i 6 20 
Geoffrey de Hackinsall J 4^ 07^ 
Beatrice del Ridding . 4 \ 07^ 
Thomas del Ridding .1 9 13 
Adam de Bury ... 4 09 
Lawrence Travers . . 14 25 



The summary in the record states that 
'they hold 70 acres by being Serjeants of the 
forests of Lonsdale, Amounderness and 
[West] Derbyshire, rendering 1 5.5. q.d. and 
relief ; Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 
48. 

Comparing the lists it seems that Alan 
del Moor represents Roger the Clerk and 
William son of Richard; William de Fish- 
wick, William Watchet (2 acres and zd. 
rent being added) ; Adam son of Simon, 
John son of John ; Adam de Bury and 
Lawrence Travers, Baldwin de Preston ; 
and the other three the heirs of Roger del 
Ridding. 

In 1326 Adam de Bury granted mes- 
suages, &c., in Preston, Fishwick and 
Ashton to Peter de Risley and Maud his 
wife, with remainders to Maud's sisters 
and to Richard the brother of Adam ; 
Final Cone, ii, 63. William de Beconsaw 
in 1372 purchased a messuage and land 
in Preston and Fishwick from Robert son 
of Robert son of Richard de Bury ; ibid, 
ii, 184. 

Christiana del Ridding gave land in the 
Ridding to her son Adam ; Kuerden MSS. 
ii, fol. zz6b. In the time of Richard II 
and Henry IV these lands were sold to 
the Waltons of Preston ; ibid. From one 
of the deeds it appears that Ridding Field 
was near Fishwick Brook. 

14 A charter of 1279 shows that Adam 
Woderowe and his wife Amabel (daughter 
of Roger de Fishwick) pledged land in 
Fishwick field in return for 151. lent 
them in their need by Roger son of Roger 
son of Alan de Fishwick ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 398. Alexander Woderowe 
of Preston gave land of his mother's 
in Fishwick to Adam Lussell, clerk ; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 227^. 

Simon de Fishwick was in 1284 non- 
suited in a claim against Benedict Gernet 
concerning land in Fishwick ; Assize R. 
1268, m. 12 d. Adam son of Simon de 
Fishwick in 1314-15 gave lands in Fish- 
wick and Brockholes to his son Simon, 
who had married Maud daughter of 
Thomas son of David de Kirkham ; 
Towneley MS. DD, no. 714. The same 
Adam in 131112 gave land in Westfield, 
next the demesne, to Robert son of Auger; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. zz6b. In 1319-20 
Adam son of Robert son of Auger de 
Fishwick gave land in the Westfield, lying 
between lands of the lord of Fishwick, to 
Richard son of Dobin and Cecily his wife ; 
ibid. fol. zzjb. This land seems after- 
wards (c. 1400) to have been the property 
of John Lussell of Preston ; ibid. 

By a charter dated ' 5 Edw.' Roger 
son of Roger son of John de Fishwick 
granted a messuage and land in the vill of 
Fishwick to Richard son of Roger de 
Fishwick ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 95 (fol. 

116 



257). William son of Richard de Fish- 
wick was a witness. 

Maud widow of Roger son of Roger 
son of John de Fishwick in 1312-13 gave 
Richard son of Roger de Fishwick all the 
land she held in dower ; Kuerden, loc. 
cit. Roger son of John de Fishwick was 
a witness. 

An Adam Fishwick was tenant of the 
hall about 1550. After his death a claim 
to it was put forward (1565) by Gregory 
Fishwick, the holders being another Adam 
Fishwick and Thurstan Southworth. The 
depositions are printed by Fishwick, op. 
cit. 299-306. Robert Fishwick claimed 
land in 1551 ; Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), 
ii, 112. 

15 Settlements of land in Fishwick were 
made by Thomas Nixon and Joan his 
wife in 1406 and 1410 ; the remainder 
was to Sir James Harrington (apparently 
the owner), who granted turbary on 
Balderston Moss during the nonage of the 
heir of William Balderston ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 967, 91 (fol. 256). Thomas 
Nixon made a further purchase in 1416 ; 
Final Cone, iii, 73. 

A later Sir James Harrington died in 
1497 holding lands in Fishwick by ser- 
vices unknown ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. iii, no. 40. They passed (by pur- 
chase or inheritance) to his son-in-law Sir 
Thomas Ashton of Ashton-under-Lyne, 
who died in 1514 ; ibid, iv, no. 80. His 
heir, Thomas Hoghton, held them in 
1580 by services unknown, but in 1630 
the lands in Fishwick were considered an 
appurtenance of the manor of Lea ; ibid. 
xiv, no. 26 ; xxvii, no. 13. 

Sir Richard Hoghton was concerned in 
a plea regarding a messuage, &c., in Fish- 
wick in 1 544 ; Ducatus Lane, ii, 77. He 
complained that Robert Ainsworth and 
others had broken his close ; Pal. of 
Lane. Writs Proton. 36 Hen. VIII. 

William Walton of Preston died in 
1559 holding 6 acres in Fishwick of Sir 
Richard Molyneux in socage, by fealty 
and suit of court ; ibid, xi, no. 27. 
Richard Walton in 1569 held 1 6 acres of 
the queen ; ibid, xiii, no. 26. In later 
inquisitions the tenure is not stated. 

John Singleton in 1530 held lands in 
Fishwick of the heir of Lord Dacre ; 
ibid, vi, no. 32. A like statement is 
made in other inquisitions of the 
family. 

Thomas Clayton in 1591 held land of 
Sir Richard Molyneux ; ibid, xv, no. 3. 

The tenure of Richard Walmsley's 
lands here in 1609 was unknown ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
149. 

16 Add. MS. 32106, no. 90 (fol. 255). 
Eyves perhaps Ees was a place in the 
township ; Ducatus Lane, i, 238. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 




E Y v E s . Sable a 
che-ueron between three 
crosslets argent. 



to Ralph Eyves and became the family dwelling.' 7 
The family being recusants and Royalists quickly felt 
the displeasure of the Parlia- 
ment on the outbreak of the 
Civil War, and Richard 
Eyves's estate was in 1643 
sequestered for the combined 
offences. 18 Richard Eyves 
died in 1644, but his father 
Ralph survived, and his estate 
was under sequestration for 
recusancy. 19 Thomas Eyves, 
another of the family, had 
two-thirds of his leasehold 
estate sequestered for the same 
reason ; he was eighty years 
of age. 20 Another Thomas 
Eyves, son of Richard, recorded a pedigree in 1665." 

The estates of Richard Eyves, Richard Kellet and 
Richard Sudell were sold under the Act of 1652." 
James Melling, a recusant, in 1654 requested to be 
allowed to compound for his sequestered estate. 13 In 
1717 Alexander Hudson, linen weaver, registered a 
small holding as a Papist.' " The estate called 
Frenchwood, formerly owned by Thomas Starkie 
(great-grandson of John Starkie of Huntroyde) and 
Nicholas his son, was carried by the latter's daughter 
and co-heir in 1815 to Colonel Henry Bence 
Bence M of Thorington Hall, Suffolk, whose de- 
scendant, Mr. P. Bence Trower, is the present 
owner. 26 

Roger the Clerk alienated 4 acres in Fishwick to 
Sawley Abbey. 17 

The tenants of the township had a right of turbary 
on Penwortham Moss. 18 



BROUGHTON 

Broctun, Dom. Bk. ; Brocton, 1 200 ; Brecton, 
1256 ; Brochton, 1261 ; Broucton, 1262 ; Broghton, 
1292 ; Brogton, 1297. 

Blundel Brook, running west, forms at first the 
northern boundary of this township and then flows 
across it. On the north bank stand the church and 



Broughton House. Most of the area lies to the 
south of the brook ; near the centre was the Tower, 
with the hamlet of Sharoe adjacent, Durton or Urton 
to the north-east and Fernyhalgh on the eastern 
boundary. Lightfoot Green and Ingolhead are on 
the west side. A small detached portion lay in 
Woodplumpton, to which it was added about 1882. 
The area measured 2,367 acres, 1 and in 1901 there 
was a population of 6 1 6. The surface is compara- 
tively flat, the heights above sea level ranging from 
100 to 1 80 ft. 

The principal road is that going north from 
Preston ; it crosses Blundel Brook by a bridge, from 
which a road goes eastward to Haighton, with a 
branch turning south to Fulwood ; westward a road 
goes to Cottam and Lea. The London and North- 
Western Company's railway runs north through the 
western end of the township. 

The land is pasture ; the soil clayey, with varying 
subsoil. 

There is a parish council. 

Remains of a number of ancient crosses are known 
in the churchyard and elsewhere.* There are, or 
were, some reputed holy wells. 3 

In 1066 BROUGHTON, assessed 
MANORS as one plough-land, formed part of 
Earl Tostig's lordship of Preston or 
Amounderness. 4 After the Conquest it appears to have 
been held in thegnage, perhaps by the old lords and 
their descendants. Between 1153 and 1 1 60 William 
Count of Boulogne, son of King Stephen, confirmed to 
Uctred son of Huck and his heirs 8 oxgangs of land 
in Broughton by the service due, viz. 8/. a year. 5 
Uctred and his family took their surname from Little 
Singleton, which they held by serjeanty of the 
wapentake of Amounderness. 6 

Richard son of Uctred succeeded, but was ejected 
by Theobald Walter, after whose forfeiture and death 
King John detained the manor and it remained in 
the hands of Henry III. The township during this 
time gave an increased revenue to the Crown. 7 In 
1261 Henry III, after inquiry, restored it as a matter 
of right to William de Singleton, grandson of Richard, 
who paid 3 marks of gold. 8 William had already in 



17 Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 280-1. For pedi- 
gree sec Fishwick, op. cit. 332. 

18 Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 285. The 
claim recorded was for an annuity of 
10 from Over Hacking in Aughton 
(Aighton). 

19 Ibid, ii, 279-84. Ralph Eyves was 
buried at Preston 30 Aug. 1653, aget 
ninety-five ; Reg. 

20 Royalist Comp. Papers, ii t 286. 

21 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 105. 

** Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 
41-3. 

Richard Kellet had lands also in Ribble- 
ton (Braggar's tenement) and in Preston 
(Knowle Hey), the latter by grant of 
Richard Savage of Winnington, Staffs. 
The estate was sequestered for the ' popery 
and delinquency ' of Kcllei, who died 
before 1652, when his daughter Mary 
Knight petitioned for restoration, she 
being 'conformable to the Church of 
England ' ; Royalist Comp. Papers, iv, 39. 

23 Cal. Com. for Comp. \, 3193. 

24 Estcourt and Payne, Eng. Cath. Non- 
jurors, 94. 

25 Burke, Commoners, i, 651-3. 

26 Information of Mr. Trower. The 



other daughter of Nicholas Starkie 
married Bacon. 

17 Pal. of Lane. Chan. Misc. i, 12 
(1389 and 1395). The gift was probably 
void. * 8 Fishwick, op. cit. 101. 

1 The Census Rep. 1901 gives 2,357 
acres ; the difference is probably accounted 
for by the detached portion within Wood- 
plumpton. 

* Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 1 74-6. 
Some have disappeared; those enumerated 
are the churchyard cross (steps remain), 
Daniel's Cross and Duxen Dean Cross 
on the northern boundary (base of latter re- 
mains), Durton Lane (now destroyed) and 
Durton Green Crosses, and Fernyhalgh. 

8 Ibid. ; near Broughton Church and 
at Fernyhalgh. 

4 V.C.E. Lanes, i, 288*. 

5 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 430. Uctred's 
' antecessores ' had held Broughton, ap- 
parently by the same service. His father 
may be Huck the reeve, living 116070 ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), i, 47. 

Uctred son of Huck also had land in 
Stainall ; ibid. He is mentioned in the 
Pipe Rolls of 1171-7; Farrer, op. cit. 
24, &c. 

117 



6 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 52. 

7 Farrer, op. cit. 131;' the increase 
of rent from Broughton for the whole 
year 511. 8d.' 

8 The story is told Lanes. Inq. and Ex- 
tents, i, 192, 226-7. King Henry had 
given the manor for life to Master William 
the queen's Sauser (Salsarius). The 
manor was not liable to tallage. 

In 1194-5 Theobald Walter sued 
Richard son of Uctred and Robert his 
brother for the whole town of Broughton, 
one plough-land, as part of his demesne, 
having been held by the king or his 
father in demesne. Richard said in reply 
that the moiety of the town was of his 
own demesne, held of the said Theobald 
by certain services which he was ready to 
perform. Robert had the other moiety ; 
Coram Rege R. 5, m. 2 d. 

William the Sauser received Broughton 
from the king in 1244 ; he had 8 marks 
of silver ' of his farm ' from William de 
Singleton in 1261 ; Dods. MSS. cxlix, 
fol. 50. 

Richard and Robert, sons of Uctred, 
seem to have succeeded their father as 
early as 1185 ; Farrer, op. cit. 56. In 
1205 Richard son of Uctred proffered 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



1256 acquired land in Broughton from Geoffrey the 
Cook, 9 and in 1262 he warranted to Alan de Singleton 
a moiety of Broughton. 10 

William and his son Alan died before 1292, when 
Alan's son Thomas was in possession and engaged in 
various disputes. 11 Soon afterwards Broughton and 
the other estates of the family are found in the 
possession of Joan wife of Thomas Banastre of 
Bretherton, she being the sister and heir of Thomas 
de Singleton. Thomas died in 1299 or 1300, Joan 
claiming dower in the latter year. 12 As a widow in 
1303 she made a settlement of the manor of Little 
Singleton and various lands in Thornton, Broughton, 
Dilworth and Bilsborrow, the remainders being 



to William Banastre and Adam his brother." From 
the account already given of Bretherton in the parish 
of Croston it will be seen that William was the son 
of Joan and Thomas. Broughton descended in the 
same way as Bretherton, 14 and in the i6th century 
the Earl of Derby held the manor, 15 though the 
other heirs of Balderston had estates in Broughton. 16 
This principal manor of Broughton then disappears 
from the records. 

What in later times was called the manor was 
the estate of BROUGHTON TOWER, held by a 
branch of the Singleton family. There are but 
fragmentary notices of them. 17 James Singleton of 
Broughton and Robert his son occur in a feoffment 



5 marks for having his scrjeanty (of 
Amounderncss and Blackburn), which had 
been taken into the king's hands ; ibid. 
204. In 1208 he proffered 10 marks for 
the restoration of the plough-land in 
Broughton ; Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 
58. 

Richard died in or before 1211, when 
his son Alan proffered 20 marks for livery 
of his father's estates in Singleton and 
Broughton, and for confirmation of his 
office of bailiff of Amounderness ; Farrer, 
op. cit. 237-8. In 1 21 2 Alan is found 
in possession of his serjeanties of Amoun- 
derness and Blackburn ; but Broughton 
was in the king's hands, rendering 6 
marks yearly ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 
52, 134. He also held Bilsborrow in 
1226, and portions of Freckleton and 
Whittingham in 1242 ; ibid, i, 140, 152. 
He died in 1244 holding these offices and 
lands, and leaving a son William who 
was the heir; ibid, i, 158, 160. 

In 1245 Alice widow of Alan de 
Singleton came to an agreement with 
William de Singleton as to dower ; Final 
Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 92. 
She was marriageable in 1246, and the 
king had granted her marriage to William 
de Lancaster ; Assize R. 404, m. 22. 

Alan had perhaps a brother John, for 

tohn son of Richard de Singleton in 1261 
eld 2 oxgangs of land ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents, i, 228. Alan had a second son 
named Richard, who perhaps became a 
canon of Cockersand ; Final Cone, i, 103, 
150. The family were benefactors of 
this house ; see Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. 
Soc.), i, 225-8, 264-5. 

9 Final Cone, i, 119; concerning 40 
acres of land. 

10 Ibid, i, 141. Thirty acres were ex- 
cepted, and these William warranted to 
Thomas de Singleton at the same time. 
The plaintiff was Hugh son of Richard 
de Stapleford. From other sources it is 
known that Alan was the son and heir of 
William ; probably Thomas was another 
son. William son of Alan de Singleton, 
with the consent of Alan his heir, gave 
land in Bilsborrow to Cockersand Abbey; 
Ctckersand Chartul. i, 268. 

In 1297 thevill of Broughton rendered 
81. to the Earl of Lancaster, and the 
tenants paid a further io*. for having 
common in the forest of Fulwood ; Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents, i, 289. 

" Katherine widow of Alan de Singleton 
was in 1292 the wife of Thomas de 
Clifton, and claimed dower in lands in 
Broughton. One parcel had been granted 
to Master Robert de Singleton by William 
the father of Alan, and Alan had added 
some land in Whittingham ; it was 
ordered that Master Robert should hold 
hit land in peace, while Katherine should 



have an equivalent from the lands of 
Thomas the son of Alan ; Assize R. 408, 
m. 23. A similar decision in her favour 
was given as to land held by Thomas son 
of Thomas de Singleton ; ibid. In two 
other claims also Thomas the son and 
heir of Alan warranted the defendants 
Nicholas son of Alan de Singleton and 
William de Singleton and rendered dower 
to Katherine from his own land ; ibid. 
m. 3 1 d. 

At the same time William de Earlsgate 
was non-suited in claims against Thomas 
de Clifton and Katherine his wife, and 
against Nicholas son of Alan de Single- 
ton ; ibid. m. 76. This Nicholas again 
appears in 1295 ; De Banco R. 109, 
m. 70. 

13 Compare De Banco R. 127, m. 
119 d. ; 131, m. 1 06 d. 

18 Final Cone, i, 201. The descent is 
thus recorded in pleadings of 1334: 
Alan -s. William -s. Alan -s. Thomas 
-sister Joan, who married Thomas Banastre 
-s. William -*. Adam ; Coram Rege R. 
297, m. 27. 

William son of Ellen de Broughton in 
1308-9 released all actions, &c., to Sir 
William Banastre ; Dods. MSS. cxlix, 
fol. 45*. 

14 Adam son of William Banastre in 
1324 held the manor of Broughton by 
the service of 8*., and had pasture in 
Fulwood for the cattle of his tenants 
(except in time of pannage) by paying 
i CM. ; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39^. 

In 1334 it appeared that the king had 
demanded a payment of 4 a year from 
the men of Broughton ; Coram Rege R. 
297, Rex m. 19 d. This probably referred 
to the right of pasture in Fulwood, for 
which los. was paid. The men of 
Broughton appear to have exceeded their 
rights, and in 1336 were fined 13 6s. %d. 
for all transgressions ; Whalley Couch. 
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 373-4. 

Thomas son of Adam Banastre held the 
town of Broughton, viz. one plough-land, 
in 1346, by the tenth part of a knight's 
fee and a rent of lot. ; Survey of 1346 
(Chet. Soc.), 50. 

Lands in Dilworth, Broughton, Whit- 
tingham, Preston and Goosnargh were 
held by Edward Banastre in 1382, and 
inherited by his daughter Constance ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 1 6. 

In 1445-6 Richard de Balderston held 
Broughton by the tenth part of a knight's 
fee; Duchy of Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, 
no. 20. 

15 Broughton was included in the for- 
feited Harrington lands given to Thomas 
Earl of Derby in 1489 ; Pat. 4 Hen. VII. 
In 1513 it was stated that Thomas, late 
Earl of Derby, William Knowles, clerk, 
and others (apparently trustees) held the 

118 



manor of Broughton of the king in socage 
by the rent of 8j. ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. iii, no. 15. On the partition made 
in 1564 the manor of Broughton was 
assigned to Edward Earl of Derby ; Pal. 
of Lane. Plea R. 216, m. 10. 

16 See the inquisitions of Edmund 
Dudley (1509), Thomas Radcliffe of 
Winmarleigh (1521) and his successors, 
and Alexander Osbaldeston (1544). The 
Balderston manors, &c., are grouped 
together, without any statement of the 
separate tenures. 

17 Adam de Singleton occurs 1254 to 
1286; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 192, 264. 

Gilbert de Singleton died in or before 
1326 holding lands in Broughton of Adam 
son of Sir William Banastre by the service 
of a rose and id. yearly. There was a 
messuage there, 50 acres of arable land 
worth Sd. a year each, a horse-mill (fallen 
down) worth only 101. a year, a windmill 
(broken) worth the same, a little close 
called the Fernyhalgh worth zs. Tenants 
at will held 47 acres of arable land paying 
6d. an acre ; and 3 acres of meadow ren- 
dered u. each. Gilbert had lands also in 
Freckleton, Warton and Great Plumpton. 
His son and heir Thomas was twenty-six 
years old ; Chan. Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. II, 
no. 67. Thomas in 1335 claimed the 
family manors against John son of Thomas 
Banastre as son and heir of Gilbert son of 
Alan de Singleton ; De Banco R. 301, 
m. 42. 

Thomas de Singleton was living in 
1 346, when he was called to warrant John 
son of Gilbert de Singleton ; De Banco 
R. 346, m. ii ; 347, m. 148 d. John 
seems to have had a son Thomas ; ibid. 
348, m. 427. Thomas son of Gilbert 
de Singleton had licence for his oratory at 
Broughton in 1349 ; Gillow, Haydock 
Papers 57. The same Thomas was a 
plaintiff in 1351 ; Duchy of Lane. Assize 
R. i, m. iiii d. 

Adam de Singleton in 1348 granted to 
Robert his son and Joan his wife and 
their heirs all the lands which Alice widow 
of John de Singleton and mother of the 
grantor had allowed Robert and Joan and 
a part of Threpmeadow. The remainders 
were to Nicholas the brother of Robert, 
to Robert and Thomas, grantor's brothers. 
Among the witnesses were Thomas son 
of Gilbert de Singleton and Richard de 
Singleton ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 387. 
The seal shows a cheveron between three 
roundels, with the legend -\- SIGIL. ADE DE 
SINGLETON. A Thomas son of Nicholas 
de Singleton occurs in 1396-7 ; ibid, 
fol. 191. Robert Singleton of Broughton 
occurs in 1422 ; ibid. fol. 383. 

Sir Thomas Banastre in 1372 granted 
Robert son of Adam de Singleton and 
Alice his wife the lands, mills, &c., which 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



of I47I. 18 Robert Singleton died in August 1501 
holding the manor of Broughton with lands, &c., in 
Broughton, Sharoe, Durton and Fernyhalgh ; Joan 
his wife died in the following January, and Richard 
the son and heir succeeded, being twenty-five years 
of age. 19 He died in September 1504, leaving as 
heir a son John, aged seven. 20 The manor of 
Broughton was in 1513 stated to be held of the Earl 
of Derby and others as of their manor of Balderston 
by the yearly rent of id. 21 John Singleton died in 
1522 and his uncle Thomas succeeded, 22 holding the 
manor till his death in or before 1535, when Robert 
his son was found to be his heir. 23 In 1557 Robert 
was succeeded by his son Richard, the manor and 
lands in Broughton being held of the king and queen 



PRESTON 

by the tenth part of a knight's fee. 24 Richard and 
Robert his son both died in the course of the same 
year 1557, and then Edward Singleton, brother of 
Robert the grandfather, inherited ; he was forty -six 
years of age. 25 He died in 1567, leaving a son and 
heir Thomas, only seven years of age. 26 

Thomas Singleton adhering to the Roman Catholic 
religion was punished for his recusancy, and his son 
Edward likewise. 27 The father and son joined in a 
settlement of the manor in i6oo, 28 while Edward 
seems to have been in possession in 1 604 29 and 
another Thomas Singleton, his son, in i6o9. 30 The 
manor was sold by Thomas Singleton and other 
members of the family to Roger Langton in l6l5. 31 
It descended in this family till 1732, when William 



had been held for life by Robert de Single- 
ton the elder in Broughton and Whit- 
tingham, with the reversion of certain 
other lands held by Pernell the grantor's 
mother in dower ; Dods. MSS. cxlix, 
fol. 47 b. 

Nicholas de Singleton the younger in 
1377 secured lands in Broughton from 
John son of Adam Singleton of (Light)- 
worlchouses ; Final Cone, iii, I. 

Nicholas son of Gilbert de Singleton 
had restored to him in 1405 various lands 
in Dilworth, Bilsborrow, Whittingham, 
Broughton and Thornton and part of the 
manor of Little Singleton, formerly the 
possessions of Sir Alan de Singleton, 
Nicholas being his next of kin and heir ; 
Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 38*, 39. Another 
Nicholas (son and heir of Thomas) appears 
in 1449, being described as 'of Warton ' ; 
Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 12, m. 4^. 
Nicholas Singleton of Broughton and 
Margaret his wife occur in 1454; Kuerden 
MSS. iv, B 34. 

The Preston Guild Rolls give many 
particulars of the families. Thus in 1397 
Thomas son of Nicholas de Singleton was 
admitted to the freedom, paying 405.; and 
in 1459 Nicholas Singleton of Brockholes 
and Richard his brother were among those 
enrolled by hereditary right ; Preston 
Guild R. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 6, 
n. In the latter year James Singleton 
of Broughton, William and Brian his 
sons and James the son of William were 
also enrolled ; ibid. I z. 

William Singleton of Broughton had 
land called Fernyhalgh in 1483 ; the 
remainder was to Robert Singleton ; Add. 
MS. 3ZI07, no. 765. William Singleton 
died in 1490, leaving a son and heir 
Robert, aged thirty-eight ; Towneley MS. 
CC (Chet. Lib.), no. 582. Robert and 
John Singleton were in the same year 
ordered to give reasonable dower to Agnes 
widow of William ; Pal. of Lane. Writs 
Proton, file 5 Hen. VII ; Plea R. 70, 
m. 9. John Singleton was also son of 
William, and founder of the Chingle Hall 
family ; see Whittingham. 

Agnes, the widow of William, died in 
or before 1519, when her lands were 
granted to Thomas Wrightington during 
the minority of John Singleton the heir ; 
Duchy of Lane. Misc. Bks. xxii, 47 d. 

There was another Singleton family 
holding lands in Chipping parish and also 
in Broughton Row and Ingol, which 
descended to Leyland and Tyldesley of 
Morleys in the parish of Leigh. In 1564 
Thomas Leyland was found to have held 
his lands in Broughton and Ingol of the 
heirs of Richard Balderston by id. rent, 
and in 1587 Edward Tyldesley held them 
by the same rent of Henry Earl of Derby ; 



Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 20 ; 
xiv, no. 10. 

18 Towneley MS. HH, no. 1524. 

19 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 
59, 63. Lands in Broughton had been 
held for life by Margaret widow of Nicholas 
Singleton and Agnes widow of William 
Singleton. One Thomas Singleton had 
land in Fernyhalgh. Joan wife of Robert 
was one of the daughters of Edmund 
Lawrence ; William, Henry and Thomas, 
younger sons of Robert and Joan, are 
named. The tenure of the manor of 
Broughton was (erroneously) said to be 
by the twentieth part of a knight's fee of 
the king as Earl of Lincoln, a rent of 
6s. 8</. being paid. There was probably 
a confusion with the tenure of 
Warton. 

See Dep. Keeper's Rep. xi, App. 542-3. 

* Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 70. 
There was a younger son Richard. Jane 
the widow married Arthur Standish, who 
after her death (1513) continued to take 
the profits of the manor, &c. This led to 
disputes with the heir ; see Fishwick, 
Preston, 251-3, where the depositions are 
printed. 

J1 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 15. 
This was a traverse of former inquisitions, 
and corrects the tenure previously recorded. 

In 1 508 a certain Robert Singleton 
and Margaret his wife, widow of William 
Balderston, had an estate in Broughton ; 
ibid, iv, no. 13. 

M Ibid, v, no. 45. The disposition of 
the estates made by John Singleton is 
recited in full. It provided for 80 marks 
to advance the marriage of his sister 
Elizabeth and 20 to be distributed in 
deeds of charity. The tenure of the 
manor wag recorded as the tenth part of 
a knight's fee. 

23 Ibid, xxvi, no. 56. Henry Singleton, 
brother of Thomas, was still living, hold- 
ing a messuage in Sharoe and land in 
Durton, given him for life by their father 
Robert. Elizabeth widow of Henry 
Singleton of Fernyhalgh is named in a 
lease of 1594, in which Richard son of 
William Singleton of Killinsough is also 
named ; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xiv, 
68. 

34 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 29. 
It recites the provision made for Richard 
the son and his wife Joan daughter of 
Thomas Cowell ; also for Brian brother 
of Robert Singleton. 

35 Ibid, x, no. 16. 

William Singleton had an estate in 
Broughton and Goosnargh in 1563 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 161. 
The will of Anne widow of William 
Singleton of Broughton (1565) is printed 
in Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), iii, 132. 



26 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 17. 

Edward Singleton granted to Andrew, a 
younger son, three messuages in Broughton 
for life and one in Lightworkhouses in 
Broughton, and made provision for other 
sons William, Richard and George. The 
place-name Durton is given * alias Urton 
alias Overtowne.' 

It is possible that two of the song 
became priests. Dr. William Singleton, 
educated at Douay, was sent on the 
English mission in 1590, but was arrested 
and banished in 1606. He died in 1620 
at Liege. Richard Singleton entered the 
English College at Rome in 1583, being 
then seventeen years old ; he became 3 
Jesuit and died in 1602, having petitioned 
to be sent on the English mission. See 
Foley, Records S. J. v, 997, 1008. An 
undated return of the latter part of 
Elizabeth's reign reports ' Mr. Single- 
ton, a Jesuit, at Mr. Singleton's of 
the Tower ' ; Gillow, Haydock Papers, 
59, quoting S. P. Dom. Eliz. clxxxv, 
85. 

Thomas Singleton made a settlement 
of the manor of Broughton and lands in 
Broughton, Preston and Warton in 1586 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 48, m. 
295. 

" 7 Fishwick, Preston, 257-8. 

28 Piccope MSS. xiv, 68. A large 
number of deeds relating to the estate 
are given ibid. 67-75 ; they range from 
1583 to 1810. Thomas Singleton, 
Edward his son and Thomas son of 
Edward were burgesses of the Guild of 
1602 ; Preston Guild R. 55. 

29 Piccope MSS. xiv, 67 ; a lease by 
Edward Singleton of Broughton Tower 
to Henry Birches of Cadeley of 4 acres 
called Mowbank. From an agreement 
of 1598 it appears that Edward married 
Grace daughter of Thomas Bradley of 
Arnside. 

30 Named in Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 137. He was son 
of Edward ; see pedigree in Fishwick, op. 
cit. 254-5. 

31 Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 86, 
m. 46. The deforciants were Thomas 
Singleton, csq., Anne his wife, John 
Massye, esq., Thomas Singleton of Scales, 
Cuthbert, George and Thomas Singleton 
and Grace Singleton, widow. The estate 
was the manor of Broughton, with mes- 
suages, windmill, dovecote, lands, &c., in 
Broughton, Urton alias Durton, Ferny- 
halgh, Fulwood, Haighton and Cadeley, 
with certain small tithes. 

Among the Roman Catholics killed 
while fighting for the king in the Civil 
War were Captain George Singleton, 
Captain Thomas Singleton (Newbury)and 
Lieutenant William Singleton (Marston 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



Langton bequeathed it to his sister Jane, 32 who in 
1735 married Lawrence Rawstorne and it became her 
husband's property, 33 descending by the issue of his 
second marriage to his grandson Lawrence Rawstorne, 34 
who sold the Broughton estate in 1 8 1 o. Broughton 
Tower with part of the land was sold to James 
Rothwell and has descended like Hoole ; the rest of 
the land was purchased by the trustees of Kirkham 
Grammar School. 35 The Tower was demolished 
about 1800. 



INGOLHEAD gave a surname to a family dwelling 
there, 36 whose estate seems to have been acquired by 
the Blundells of Preston. 37 Some of this land was 
sold to William Hoghton in I49O. 38 There was 
also a family of Singleton of Ingolhead. 39 

BANK HALL, at one time owned by the Singletons 
of Brockholes, 40 had a more interesting history. In 
the I yth century it was held in moieties, one half 
being in trust for the Roman Catholic missionary 
priests of the district, for whom it served as a centre. 41 



Moor) ; Challoner, quoting Castlemain, 
Cath. Apology. 

In 1666 William Singleton of St. Mar- 
tin's-in-the-Fields, son and heir of John 
Singleton of York (will 1644), and others 
old to John Farnworth of Euxton and 
Ralph Farnworth of Preston tenements 
called Church House in Broughton, 
Sharoe House, &c. ; Piccope, loc. cit. 69. 

32 For deeds see ibid. ; for pedigree, 
Fishwick, op. cit. 258-9. Roger Langton 
died in 1644. His son William, Recorder 
of Liverpool, was a member of the Presby- 
terian Classis in 1646, and represented 
Preston in Parliament from 1645 to 
1653 ; Baines, Lanes, (ed. Harland), i, 
228 ; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of 
Lanes. 152. Dying in 1659 he was 
succeeded by his son William, who in 
1664 recorded a short pedigree ; Dugdale, 
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 173. In 1678, in 
conjunction with Elizabeth his wife, 
William Langton made provision for his 
younger brothers, John, Richard, Roger, 
&c. Jane, the father's widow, was living. 
A messuage in Sharoe was sold which had 
formerly been occupied by Henry Charn- 
ley and Elizabeth his wife ; Piccope MSS. 
xiv, 70. 

William the younger died in 1680 and 
his son Roger in 1714. This Roger, 
described as of Chester, bequeathed all his 
lands in Broughton and Durton to his cousin 
William Langton of Liverpool, merchant. 
He names his uncles Richard and Thomas, 
also William Clayton, his partner in sugar 
works; ibid. 74. In 1715 a settlement 
of the manor of Broughton, &c., was 
made by Richard Langton and William 
his son and heir-apparent ; Pal. of Lane. 
Feet of F. bdle. 273. 

William Langton in 1732 bequeathed 
the manor to his sister Jane, and she in 
1733 made a new settlement of it, with 
lands also in Broughton and Cheethamnear 
Manchester, at the same time petitioning 
the Lord Chancellor for protection from 
the schemes of her niece Mary daughter 
of Roger Langton and niece and heir-at- 
law of the said William. She stated that 
William Langton had in 1732 started for 
Scarborough for the benefit of his health, 
but died at Ripon, where he made his 
will. Mary Langton was waiting till 
Jane's death to dispute the will on pre- 
text of unsound mind and defect of 
evidence for its validity and to claim the 
estate ; Piccope MSS. xiv, 712. In Mar. 
1735 Jane Langton, spinster, acquired a 
rent of 10 settled by William Langton 
on Mary wife of Stephen Butcher ; Pal. 
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 313, m. 35. 

83 It appears that she was seventy 
years of age at her marriage ; Fishwick, 
op. cit. 260. Lawrence Rawstorne and 
Agnes his wife had the manor in 1742 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 326, 
m. 143. 

84 See the account of Hutton. 

35 Piccope MSS. xiv, 75. Broughton 
Tower and 102 acres of land were sold for 



,11,500 to James Rothwell, who also 
bought the small tithes, a private chapel 
belonging to the estate, and the timber. 
The rest of the estate was sold to the 
school trustees for ,14,500. 

36 Thomas son of Thomas de Ingolhead 
granted to three of his children Edmund, 
Helen and Joan 40 acres each in 
Broughton ; Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 171. 

Cecily widow of Thomas de Ingolhead 
in 1310-11 claimed dower in Broughton 
against Henry the Marler ; De Banco R. 
184, m. 107. The heir was Richard son 
of Thomas ; ibid. 192, m. 89 d. 

Thomas de Hale and Maud his wife in 
1352 claimed a messuage, &c., in 
Broughton against William de Bolron, 
Robert son of Adam de Singleton and 
others. Maud was daughter of Joan 
(daughter of Thomas) de Ingolhead by 
her second husband Matthew de Abram ; 
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 2, m. vi. 

37 Richard Blundell of Preston made a 
feoffment of 40 acres in Broughton in 
1395-6 ; Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 171. 
The family continued to hold lands in 
the township, and in 1 546 John son 
of Richard Blundell granted William 
Blundell a rent of 8j. %d. from Ingolhead 
and Tulketh Bank; Harl. MS. 2112, 
fol. 100/141. 

88 Roger Blundell sold (as stated) his 
messuages and lands in Ingolhead occupied 
by Thomas Eccleston ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 639. This was confirmed by John 
son of William Blundell and cousin and 
heir of Roger in 1492 ; ibid. no. 174. 
Lands in Broughton are named in later 
Hoghton inquisitions, but the tenure is 
not recorded ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xiv, no. 26, &c. 

89 Richard Singleton of Ingolhead 
occurs in 1380; Final Cone. Hi, 7. A 
later Richard was burgess in the Guild of 
1459, William Singleton and Thomas 
his son in that of 1542, Thomas 
Singleton and his sons John and Edward 
in 1562 ; Preston Guild R. II, 19, 27, 
&c. 

John Singleton died in 1588 holding 
Ingolhead Hall, &c., of the Earl of Derby 
by the rent of a pair of white gloves and 
id. ; his heir was his son Thomas, aged 
thirteen. His will recited in the in- 
quisition names his wife Ellen (who 
survived him), sons Thomas, Robert, 
James and Henry ; brothers Edward and 
William, sister Anne, brother-in-law 
James Browne ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xvi, no. 48. 

One Henry Singleton- died in 1614 
holding lands in Broughton of the king, 
partly in socage and partly (Fernyhalgh, 
Sharoe and Durton) by the hundredth 
part of a knight's fee. John his son and 
heir was fourteen years old ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 
ii, 9-1 1. 

In the Guild Rolls of 1642 and later 
appears a family named Beesley of Ingol- 
head. See Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 

120 



xxviii, no. 62 ; the tenure ii not 

stated. 

40 See the account of this family. 
After the main portion of the Brockholes 
estate had been sold, Bank Hall in 
Broughton and some lands in Brockholes, 
&c., were retained by the heir male 
William son of Thomas Singleton of 
Scale, which Thomas was brother of 
the Robert who died in 1525. Robert's 
estate in Broughton was held of the heir 
of Robert Banastre by a rent of $d. ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 64. 
In 1556 the Bank Hall estate was held by 
the same rent of Edward Earl of Derby, 
John Osbaldeston and William Radcliffe ; 
ibid, x, no. i. 

William Singleton of Bank Hall died 
in Dec. 1573 holding the capital 
messuage and other lands, &c., in 
Broughton of the Earl of Derby by a 
rent of 51. His widow Ellen continued 
to reside there. The heir was his son 
Thomas, two years old. There are also 
mentioned Thomas the father of William, 
Ellen wife and Richard brother of Thomas 
the father. The other estates were in 
Brockholes (Littlewoodhey), Whitting- 
ham, Ribchester, Newsham, Wood- 
plumpton, Scale and Quernmore ; ibid. 
xii, no. 34. A later inquisition (xii, no. 
30) states the tenure of Bank Hall 
differently, viz. of the queen as of her 
Duchy of Lancaster by knight's service. 
William Singleton adhered to the Roman 
Catholic religion and was imprisoned at 
Chester under Queen Elizabeth. He 
was released in 1570, ordered to conform 
and to confine himself to his house at 
Brockholes ; Fishwick, Preston, 287 
(quoting the Bishop of Chester's Liber 
Correct). 

Thomas Singleton the son and heir 
came of age about 1593, when he in- 
herited land in Whittingham and 
Brockholes from a kinsman, Thomas 
Singleton ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xvi, no. 50. 

Bank Hall is said to have been sold 
about 1625 (Fishwick, op. cit. 318), but 
this branch of the Singleton family con- 
tinued to hold Scale. 

41 Gillow, Haydock Papers, 60. 
Richard Woodcock, who died in 1633, 

at Walton-le-Dale, held the moiety of 
the Bank Hall in Broughton and lands 
there ; his son James was twenty-five 
years old ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xxix, no. 63. 

Edward French and Anne his wife in 
1651 asked for an examination of their 
title to Bank Hall, the estate being 
sequestered for the recusancy and 
delinquency of Woodcock and Crook. 
Anne was daughter of James, eldest son 
of Richard Walton, who had married 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William 
Garstang of Broughton, which William 
had purchased the estate ; Cal. Com. for 
Comp, iv, 2909. If true this would carry the 
sale of Bank Hall into the i6th century. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



The other moiety was owned by a recusant family 

named Crook," whose representative sold to the late 

John William Richard Wilson of Preston in 1834." 

The old house was abandoned 

and the present Broughton 

House built as a residence. Mr. 

Wilson died in 1875 and was 

succeeded by his son the late 

Edward Wilson, and grandson 

Mr. Henry Francis Wilson, 

the present owner. 44 

The names of other land- 
owners occur in inquisitions. 45 
Several of the people suffered 
sequestration under the Com- 
monwealth 46 and some 
' Papists ' registered estates in 
1717." 

The Knights Hospitallers 
Broughton. 48 




LANGTON of Brough- 
ton Tower. Argent 
three cheverons gules and 
a canton vair. 



had 



land 



The church of ST. JOHN BAPTIST 
CHURCH stands at the south end of the village 
on a slightly elevated site to the east of 
the high road close to the Blundel Brook, which 
forms the boundary of the churchyard on Che south 
side. The site is an ancient one, but the oldest part 
of the present church is the tower, which dates only 
from the l6th century, the rest being modern. The 
old building, which was pulled down about 1823, 
appears to have been an early 16th-century rebuild- 
ing of a 14th-century church, fragments of which 
have been discovered, 49 and it is probable that at 
least two churches stood on the site previous to 
the reign of Henry VIII. A plan of the old 
church as it existed at the beginning of the last 
century 50 shows it to have consisted of a chancel with 
a large chapel on the north side separated from it 
by an arcade of two arches, and a smaller south chapel 
open to the chancel by a single arch, nave of four 
bays with north and south aisles, south porch and 



In 1654 Thomas Clayton of Chorley 
desired to prove his title to a house, &c., 
in Broughton settled by the late William 
Singleton on claimant, with reversion to 
William Daniel ; two-thirds were still 
under sequestration for Singleton's re- 
cusancy ; ibid, v, 3201. From the 
later history this appears to be Bank 
Hall. 

A report by Samuel Peploe, vicar of 
Preston in 1716, stated that at that time 
one moiety was held by the Crook 
family, with a charge upon it, so it was 
suspected, 'only in trust ... for Romish 
priests ' ; ' the other part of Bank Hall 
estate is Mr. Thomas (or his son John) 
Clayton of Preston. This has been in 
lease many years. Mr. Smith, a Romish 
priest (whose true name is Edward 
Kitchen), lives in that part of the house 
at Bank Hall which belongs to this side 
of the estate and has occupied and let 
the ground from time to time .... 
I am told that Mr. John Clayton has 
entered on this tenement some days ago, 
pretending that he has bought Smith out 
of it,' &c. ; Haydoc k Paper j, 60, 61, quoting 
P.R.O. Forftd. Estates, Pi 34. See also 
Payne, Rec. of Engl. Cath. 155. 

The Claytons of Crook and Fulwood 
had lands, &c., in Broughton, Fulwood- 
shaw and Durton ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xxviii, no. 79. 

42 Hugh Crook was living at Bank 
Hall in 1632, paying his fines for 
recusancy. George Crook, a missionary 
priest, succeeded to this moiety, and 
served the mission till his death about 
1710 ; the estate then descended to his 
nephew John Crook, the succession being 
thus given : John -s. George s. John 
-s. John -s. John, M.D. (d. 1869); 
Haydock Papers, 60 2. 

George Crook of Broughton, who died 
in 1653 or 1654, had two-thirds of his 
tenement sequestered for recusancy. 
His widow Anne and sons George and 
John are named ; Royalist Comp. Papers 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 87. 
Others of the family, John Crook of 
Preston and William Crook of Durton, 
also suffered for their religion ; ibid. 889. 

George Crook was of Bank Hall in 
Broughton in 1724; in 1732 he married 
Janet Blackburne of Westby, she being 
daughter and co-heir of Richard Black- 
burne of Upper Rawcliffe. Her son and 
heir in 1771 is named as George Crook ; 



Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 286, 246, 
390, from rolls at Preston. 
48 Fishwick, Preston, 318. 

44 Information of the late Mr. Wilson. 
Bank Hall is now a farm-house. The Wil- 
sons in making alterations in the old hall 
' discovered a secret chamber adjoining 
the room formerly used as a chapel, in 
which were a tabernacle, chalice and 
other church furniture. These they 
handed over to Dr. Crook ' ; Haydoc^ 
Papers, 62. 

45 Lawrence Starkie, who has occurred 
in the account of Chipping, held lands in 
Preston, Broughton and Haighton, and 
on his death in 1532 was succeeded by 
his daughters, Margaret wife of William 
Banastre and Etheldreda wife of Humphrey 
Newton ; the former died in 1 542, leav- 
ing a son Wilfrid, under age ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 21. The Newtons 
appear to have sold their estate in 
Broughton, Sharoe and Urton at various 
times ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdles. 12, 
m. 123; 20, m. 44 ; 24, m. 40. See 
also Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), ii, 353. 

Peter Mason of Lathom in 1612 held 
land in Broughton of the king by the 
hundredth part of a knight's fee ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
214-15. Robert Blundell of Ince in 1615 
held land by the two-hundredth part of a 
knight's fee ; ibid, ii, 28. Richard 
Ayrie in 1616 held by a like service; 
ibid. 43. George Rogerson of Preston 
in 1620 held lands in Sharoe and Ingol- 
head of Roger Langton as of his manor 
of Broughton ; ibid. 189. Thomas 
Gregory of Woodplumpton in 1622 held 
of the king by knight's service ; ibid, iii, 

403- 

The following had lands in Durton or 
Urton, but the tenure is not recorded : 
Richard Dilworth, 1627 (John, son and 
heir) ; John Robinson of Whittle, 1628 ; 
and Thomas Slater, 1633 (William, son 
and heir) ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xxviii, no. 1 1 ; xxvi, no. 20 ; xxvii, no. 
47. William Slater was dead in 1654, 
and two-thirds of his lands being under 
sequestration for his recusancy, the 
guardian of his son and heir Thomas 
petitioned for leave to prove title ; Cal. 
Com. for Comp. v, 3200. 

Thomas Shireburne of Heysham held 
his land in Broughton of Sir Gilbert 
Hoghton ; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. 
Lib.), 1083. 



46 In addition to cases already given are 
the following : 

Robert Adamson's lands were seques- 
tered for recusancy and delinquency. He 
held under a lease for three lives from 
Thomas Singleton of Broughton Tower, 
and the lives having expired in 1651 
William Langton claimed possession, as 
on and heir of Roger Langton, who 
had purchased from Singleton ; Royalist 
Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 10. 

Edward Daniel of Durton, recusant, in 
1653 petitioned to be allowed to contract 
for his sequestered estate ; Cal. Com. for 
Comp. iv, 3175. 

James Hollinhead and George Wilkin- 
son, sequestered recusants, made similar 
petitions ; ibid, v, 3186, 3179. 

Thomas Glave's estate had been 
sequestered for a like reason, and in 1651 
Margaret and Anne Glave, widows, with 
another widow and three fatherless children, 
all ' conformable,' in their poverty desired 
restoration ; ibid, iv, 2910. 

John Taylor's estate was also under 
sequestration for recusancy. He was 
dead, and the leaseholders under his son 
Christopher desired to show their title. 
The claim was allowed, but 'the debts 
due to delinquents and two-thirds of those 
due to recusants ' were to be paid to the 
use of the State ; ibid, v, 3 207. 

47 Their names were John Arkwright, 
Robert Arkwright, William Arkwright, 
William Blakey, Richard Boys of Sharoe, 
Richard Cardwell, James Carterof Durton, 
John and Thomas Daniell of the same, 
Edward Daniell of Catterall, Elizabeth 
Gradwell of Fernyhalgh, widow, Thomas 
Greenalls, Edward Harrison, Richard 
Parkinson and Ellen Walmesley, widow ; 
Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 
95-6, 104, 105, 136 8. 

For the Daniel family, already men- 
tioned several times, see Gillow, Bibl. 
Diet, of Engl. Cath. ii, ii. 

48 The prior claimed 4 acres, &c., in 
1333 against Richard de Myerscough ; 
De Banco R. 293, m. 322. 

49 Some early 14th-century fragments 
found when the present chancel was erected 
are now in the churchyard on the west side 
of the tower. This probably indicates a 
rebuilding of or alteration to the original 
12th-century church. 

50 The plan is on the faculty to re- 
build. See next page. 

16 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



west tower. Both chapels projected beyond the line 
of the aisle walls north and south, and were separated 
from the chancel by oak screens. 61 The chancel 
was of the same width as the nave, there being 
apparently no structural division. No illustration of 
the building remains, though it is said to have been 
of a plain late type of Gothic, with low overhanging 
eaves and dormer windows. 52 From remains still exist- 
ing in the east wall of the tower the old nave seems to 
have been 15 ft. 6 in. wide, 53 with aisles 8 ft. wide, 
the total length of the nave and chancel being 79 ft. 54 
During the I yth and 1 8th centuries little or nothing 
seems to have been done to keep the structure in 
adequate repair, and shortly before its demolition 
Dr. Whitaker wrote that he had seldom seen ' greater 
appearances of squalid neglect and approaching decay.' 65 
The rebuilding consisted of the present wide aisleless 
nave, 69 ft. by 45 ft., in the Gothic style of the 
period, and was finished in 1826. To this a chancel, 
36 ft. by 22 ft., with north vestries and south organ- 
chamber occupying to some extent the position of 



Gothic work, 58 contrasting sharply with the nave, , 
the windows of which are tall, narrow single lights. 
The nave roof is of one span, covered with slate, and 
has a flat plaster-panelled ceiling. 

The tower, which is I 3 ft. 3 in. square inside and 
built of gritstone, has diagonal buttresses of seven 
stages, a projecting vice in the south-east corner and 
an embattled parapet with the stumps of angle 
pinnacles. On the string course below the parapet on 
the south side are a four-leafed flower and the date 1533, 
which probably gives the year of the building of the 
tower, and on the vice the string bears the initials 
E.G. The stages are unmarked externally by string 
courses, and on the north and south sides the walls 
are quite plain except for the belfry windows, which 
are of three lights under a pointed head without 
tracery, but with external hood mould. The west 
doorway, which has moulded jambs and head, was 
opened out in 19056, and the window above, which 
is of three lights with traceried head and hood mould, 
was likewise restored, the lower part, which had before 



o SOUTH AISIX 




PLAN OF BROUGHTON CHURCH BEFORE 1823 



the two original chapels, was added in 1905-6, at 
which time also the whole of the building was 
restored, the tower arch opened out, and benches 
substituted for the old square pews. 

The chancel and nave being modern are without 
antiquarian interest, except that six sculptured stones 
from the old church are built into the external wall 
of the organ-chamber on the south side. 56 These 
consist of (i) a boar's head with the initials T.B. ; 
(2) arms of Redmayne and initials G.R. ; (3) I.H.C. ; 
(4) arms of Singleton and the initials R.S. ; (5) arms 
of Barton and initials T.B. ; and (6) clawed foot and 
ivy leaf. 57 The chancel is a good example of modern 



been built up, being opened out. There is a clock on 
the west side, and on the north buttress facing east 
are the initials T.B. on either side of a shield, 59 and 
in a similar position on the south buttress a shield 
with the Singleton arms. The tower arch is of two 
chamfered orders dying into the wall at the springing, 
and above it the lower part of the weathering of the 
old pointed roof is visible under the modern ceiling. 
Until 19056 the tower was separated from the nave 
by a wall 5 ft. thick, the removal of which revealed 
on the south side the half- octagonal respond of the 
old nave arcade. In the rebuilding of 1826 the floor 
of the church seems to have been considerably raised, 



61 The inscriptions and arms in these 
screens are given in Fishwick, Preston, 

134-5- 

51 Information from old inhabitants to 
present vicar. It is described as having 
been similar to Goosnargh Church, only 
lower at the eaves. 

53 On the plan it scales less, but the 
plan does not appear to be quite accurate, 
the dimensions of the tower not strictly 
agreeing with those of the actual building. 



54 These measurement* are taken from 
the plan. 

55 Whitaker, Richmondshirc, ii, 433-4. 
He says ' a few remnants of a, more 
ancient fabric appear in the walls of the 
present fabric, which is evidently a work 
of the time of Henry VIII, since when 
very little attention seems to have 
been paid it, excepting to secure the 
handsome tower from falling by strong 
iron bars.' This was in 1822. On the. 

122 



oak roof of the chancel was the date 

1537- 

56 In the 1826 rebuilding they were 
placed in the east gable. 

57 Four of these are illustrated in Fish- 
wick, Preston, 136. 

58 The architects were Austin & 
Paley of Lancaster. 

69 The shield is difficult to decipher, 
but probably bore the Barton arms. 




BROUGHTON CHURCH FROM THE NORTH-WEST 




BARTON CROSS (RESTORED) 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



the floor of the present nave being 2 ft. 4 in. above 
that of the tower, from which there is an ascent of 
five steps. 

The font, which stands in the north-west corner 
of the nave, is a massive circular Norman bowl 
2 ft. 8 in. in diameter and 18 in. high, hewn out 
of a sandstone boulder, with a half-round moulding 
at the bottom. The font was turned out of the 
church in 1826 to make way for one of alabaster, but 
was discovered at a cottage in Barton in 1889 and 
restored to the church. The bowl is supported by 
a modern shaft. 

There are preserved in the church an old stoup, 60 an 
octagonal stone mortar, a piece of oak 6 ft. long 
carved with the vine pattern belonging to one of the 
screens in the old church, a mediaeval chest and a 
Jacobean oak communion table, while in the vestry 
is a smaller chest dated 1666 with various initials 
and fleurs de lis hinges. The organ has a good 1 8th- 
century case, and there is a brass chandelier dated 
1817. Against the west wall of the nave north of 
the tower is a fragment of a memorial stone to Roger 
Langton of Broughton Tower, who died at Chester 
in 1714, and was buried in the now demolished 
church of St. Bridget in that city. 61 

There is a ring of six bells, cast in 1 884 by Mears & 
Stainbank. 62 

The silver plate consists of two chalices inscribed 
' Capellae de Broughton Sacrum 1782 ', and on the 
foot ' The gift of the Reverend Samuel Peploe Arch 
Deacon of Richmond & Vic. of Preston ', but with- 
out other marks than R| thrice repeated ; a set of 
two chalices, two patens and a flagon of 1851, pur- 
chased by subscription in that year, and a bread-box 
of 1906. There are also two pewter flagons given 
by Archdeacon Peploe in 1732. 

The registers begin in 1653-4. 

On the south side of the churchyard are the steps 
of the churchyard cross, now surmounted by a modern 
sundial, the plate of which is dated 1 8 1 6 and bears 
the names of the vicar and churchwardens. The 
steps, which are three in number and square on plan, 
are of coarse gritstone and are carried on a solid 



PRESTON 

rubble foundation going down a considerable depth. 
The stocks, which stand outside the churchyard wall 
near the west entrance, were restored in 1902, one 
of the old stone posts being replaced. They are not, 
however, in their original position. 

Though the building, as stated, 
4DVOWSON existed from an early time, there 
are few records of it. 63 ' 4 In the 
1 6th century it was often called a church, its status 
being th^t of parochial chapel. Its ornaments and 
bells were sold at the Reformation, 65 but the building 
seems to have been retained in use for service. 66 The 
patronage descended like that of the vicarage of 
Preston until 1867, when Sir Henry de Hoghton 
sold it to John Bretherton of Leyland ; the purchaser 
gave it to his brother William, who became vicar in 
1872, and whose representatives are now the patrons. 67 
In 1650 the stipend was 40, paid out of sequestra- 
tions, 68 and therefore ceasing at the Restoration. The 
Langtons endowed it with 20, and in 1717 the 
income was ^34- 69 In 1774 an augmentation was 
obtained from Queen Anne's Bounty. 70 The present 
value is given as z$o. n A parish was assigned to 
it in i878. 72 The chapelry was formerly reputed 
to include the three townships of Broughton, Barton 
and Haighton. The following have been curates 
and vicars 73 : 
oc. 1368-96 William de Erlesgate 74 

1441 Henry Broughton 

1515 Evan Wall 75 

1530 Henry Helme 76 

i 548-65 Roger Charnock 77 
oc. 1597 John Marton 78 

oc. 1 6 1 o Witton 79 

oc. 1622 Lomax 80 

1626 Peter Addison, B.A. 81 

1628 Roger Farrand 82 

1650 James Knott 83 

1 66 1 John Winckley 

oc. 1674-1714 William Wood 84 

1721 William Charnley, B.A. 85 (St. John's 

Coll., Camb.) 

1727 John Starkie 



60 Found in 1893 in a ditch near the 
church. 

61 The stone was cast aside when 
St. Bridget's was pulled down, but was 
recovered in 1888 and placed in Broughton 
Church by the late Mr. William Langton 
of Manchester. 

13 Two of the former bells, which were 
used in the casting of the present ring, 
bore the dates 1632, and another 1681. 
The treble was inscribed ' See. Petre 
O P N '. The other bells had Jesus be 
our spede, 1632 '; ' G.W. w.w. i.e. 1681 ' ; 
'Gloria in excelsis Deo, 1632 '; Fishwick, 
op. cit. 135, but his description is not 
very clear. 

6S ' 4 Geoffrey, chaplain of the hermitage 
of Broughton, is named in a deed of 1 377, 
but he may then have been dead ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 256. 

In 1441 the priest at Broughton was 
witness to a local charter ; Fishwick, 
Preston, 129. In 1460 a sentence of 
divorce was read in the church ; ibid. 
The chapel of Broughton is named in the 
1520 lease of Preston tithes quoted in 
the account of the church. 

65 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 277, 
280. 

66 The same curate was there from 



1 548 to 1565 at least. Nothing i* known 
of the next thirty years. 

67 Fishwick, op. cit. 140. 

68 Commonw. Ch. Sur-v. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 146. In 1651, how- 
ever, the minister's ' maintenance ' did 
not exceed zos. a year, and ^50 was 
allowed from the tithes of Leyland, 
sequestered from James Anderton, ' papist 
and delinquent ' ; Plund. Mini. Accts. 
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 103, in. 

89 Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), 
ii, 467. Richard Cross had given 100, 
and the vicar of Preston had usually paid 
,4 a year, but this had been refused by 
Vicar Birch. It is now paid by the vicar 
of Preston. 

70 Fishwick, op. cit. 143. 

71 Manch. Dioc. Dir. 

73 Loud. Gass. 5 Apr. 1878. 

78 This list is taken mainly from Fish- 
wick, op. cit. 1404, where many details 
of the incumbents will be found. 

74 Towneley MS. DD, no. 1776, 1786. 

75 In depositions of 1515-16 he is called 
'parish priest' of Broughton; ibid. 253. 

76 Named in a Subsidy Roll, c. 1530 ; 
T. C. Smith, Preston Ch. 20. 

77 Occurs in the Chester visitation lists 
of 1548 and 1562, and in 1565 is named 

123 



in the will of Anne Singleton ; Willt 
(Chet. Soc. new ser.), iii, 133. 

78 The will of a John Marton, ' curate 
of Broughton,' was proved in 1597 ; 
Fishwick, Preston, 141. 

79 He was ' stipendiary minister,' but 
' no preacher ' ; Hist. M.SS. Com. Rep. 
xiv, App. iv, 9. 

80 Visitation lists at Chester. 

81 Act Bk. at Chester. 

82 ' Commonly called Sir Roger ' ; 
Fishwick, op. cit. 141. This is a late use 
of the clerical ' sir.' His name heads the 
list of ' Protesters ' at Broughton in 1641. 

88 Named in the Ch. Sur-v., Sec., in 
1650-1. 

84 His initials are on the bells of 1681. 
His name is in the Bishop of Chester's 
visitation list in 1691, as curate and 
schoolmaster, showing letters of orders 
*ut in 1674.' He is also named in the 
will of Roger Langton, 1714; Piccope 
MSS. xiv, 74. According to Fishwick 
(op. cit. 142) he was deprived of his 
curacy in 1678 but reinstated. 

85 He and his two successors were 
nominated by the vicar of Preston. 
Charnley had spent some time at Trinity 
College, Dublin, before he entered St. 
John's, Cambridge, in 1718, being then 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



1732 Joseph Cowper, M.A. (T.C.D.) 

1761 John Hunter 86 

1774 Randal Andrews, M.A. 87 (Worcester 

Coll., Oxf.) 

1801 George Charnley M 

1 8 10 Hugh Hodgson 

1817 William Dixon 

1872 William Bretherton 

1886 Samuel Edward Collinson, L.Th. 

(Durh.) 88a 

There was in the ijth century an oratory, St. 
Mary's, at Fernyhalgh, 89 but this fell into decay, and 
was not used after the Reformation. 90 

A school was founded in 1527 by Lawrence 
Stodagh. 91 

As a large proportion of the people adhered to 
the old religion at the Reformation the Roman 
Catholic worship survived during the time of 
proscription. 92 Bank Hall, as above stated, was a 
missionary centre for a long time, 93 and our Lady's 
Well at Fernyhalgh is said to have remained a place of 
pilgrimage. 94 In 1685 Hugh Charnley gave the site 
of the well in trust for the mission there and a house- 
chapel was built. This remained in use till 1793, 
when the present church of St. Mary was built a 
quarter of a mile away. 95 The Rev. John Daniel, 
last president of the seminary at Douay, was born at 
Durton. 96 

It appears that a school was secretly kept up in 
connexion with this mission from about 1650 ; 
it was known later as Schola Sanctte Maries ad 
fontem. 97 



The township gives its name to the Broughton 
Charitable Society, the annual meeting being held 
there. 98 



HAIGHTON 

Halctun, Dom. Bk. 1 ; Aulton, 1200; Halicton, 
1212 ; Halghton, 1278 and usually ; Alghton, 1292 ; 
Halghton, Haughton, Haghton, Haighton, 1560- 
1600. 

This township, a continuation of Broughton east- 
ward, is somewhat more elevated, as most of the 
surface is above the 2OO-ft. level. Blundel Brook 
forms the northern boundary, while Savock Brook, 
flowing through a little valley, cuts off the south- 
eastern portion, in which is Cow Hill. The area is 
1,078 acres, 2 and in 1901 the population num- 
bered 273. 

The principal road is that going through the 
centre of the township, leading eastward from 
Broughton through Haighton Green, and then turn- 
ing south and east again towards Longridge. There 
was formerly a cross on the green. 3 To the north of 
the road are New Chingle Hall and Haighton Hall, 
while Haighton House lies to the south. There is 
neither railway nor canal. The township is governed 
by a parish council. 

The land is almost entirely in pasture. 

One plough-land in HJ1GHTON was 

MdNOR in 1066 included in Earl Tostig's fee of 

Preston. 4 After the Conquest it appears 

to have been included in the royal demesne, 5 but in 

1 2 1 2 Gillemichael de Haighton held 2 oxgangs of 



twenty-one years of age. He was after- 
wards vicar of Bray ton and Selby, 1727- 
48 ; R. F. Scott, Admissions, iii, 14, 318. 
In 1726 the Sacrament was adminis- 
tered four times a year by the vicar of 
Preston ; Visit, returns. With Charnley 
begin the nominations recorded at the 
Chester Diocesan Registry. 

88 He became curate of Pilling. He 
and his successors were nominated by the 
Hoghton family. 

87 Vicar of Ormskirk 1780-1800 ; re- 
tained Broughton. 

83 Master of Broughton School, 1771. 

88a Mr. Collinson has afforded con- 
siderable assistance to the editors. 

89 In 1454 Nicholas Singleton of 
Broughton and Margaret his wife had 
licence for a chaplain to celebrate divine 
service in the chapel of Fernyhalgh and 
in the oratory in their manor-house ; 
Kuerden MSS. iv, B 34. 

There is evidence for its use for mass 
in the time of Henry VII, but the roof 
is stated to have fallen in by 1515 ; 
Fishwick, op. cit. quoting Duchy of Lane. 
Plead. Edw. VI, Ixi, R 2 ; Depositions 
Hen. VIII, x, S 5. The chapel had land 
at Warton. 

On the meaning of the word see N : 
and Q. (Ser. 4), x, 260. 

90 Raines, Chantries, 259, &C. The 
chapel had one bell, seized by Edward 
VI. William Kenyon, who had a grant 
of the lands belonging to it in 1553, ma de 
complaints about various tenants ; Duchy 
of Lane. Plead. Edw. VI, xxxii, K 2. 

91 Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 468 ; End. Char. 
Rep. (Preston, 1905), 18. 

9 * William Cowell of Preston about 
1590 found Edmond Haworth, priest, 
' saying mass after the popish manner in 



a loft at the east end of the house of one 
Dilworth, a widow, in the village of 
Broughton, about 10 o'clock in the morn- 
ing, attired in massing apparel, wearing a 
vestment, alb and stole, and with a mass 
book, a super altar, chalice containing 
wine and a paten, with other massing 
furniture.' The widow, her sons and 
daughters and one or two more were 
present. The informant, terrified with 
cries of ' Strike, strike ! kill, kill ! now 
or never ! ' and bribed by a gift of seven 
nobles promised to keep silence, restored 
the paten and chalice he had ' partly 
taken,' but immediately gave informa- 
tion to the mayor of Preston and others ; 
T. C. Smith, Preston Ch. 21, from Raines 
MSS. xxii, 156-8. 

93 In 1718 John Crook 'had heard 
George Crook, a reputed Romish priest, 
say prayers after the Romish way' at 
Bank Hall ; Payne, Engl. Cath. Rec. 155. 

94 Christopher Tootell, the priest in 
charge about 1700 and later, in an account 
written in 1723 gives the legend of the 
well. A merchant in distress in a storm 
in the Irish Sea promised to do some 
work of piety if he escaped, and heard a 
voice telling him to seek a place called 
Fernyhp.lgh and build a chapel by the 
spring ; which, after long search for the 
place, he performed. Tootell states : 
' The ancient devotion of neighbouring 
Catholics did not fail with the old chapel, 
but . . . continued in their constant 
assembling and praying together at the 
well on Sundays and Holy Days and 
especially on the feasts of Our Lady, even 
in the severest times of persecution.' 
This was interrupted at the futile Jacobite 
rising of 1715 and the severities which 
followed it, the chapel being plundered ; 

124 



but prayers were resumed in 1717. There 
is a notice of Chr. Tootell in Gillow, 
Blbl. Diet, of Engl. Cath. v, 548. 

95 Gillow, Haydock Papers, 58. There 
is preserved there an ancient chalice in- 
scribed ' Dosus Maguir Rex Fermanne me 
fi. fe. MCCCCC xxix,' supposed to have 
belonged to the pre-Reformation chapel. 

96 When the college was destroyed in 
the French Revolution the president was 
imprisoned for some time. He returned 
to England and was made president of the 
new college at Crook Hall, Durham, in 
1795, but resigned in order to protect the 
interests of the college at Douay, and died 
in Paris in 1823. He wrote a short 
work on Church history. There are 
notices of him in Diet. Nat. Biog. and 
Gillow, EM. Diet, of Engl. Cath. ii, 13-15. 

97 Ibid, iii, 145-8. In the first half of 
the 1 8th century it had a noteworthy 
teacher Alice Harrison of Fulwood. 

98 It was founded in 1787, and large 
numbers of Lancashire Roman Catholics 
are members. Masses are said for them 
at death, and a distribution of the surplus 
funds is made each year, each member 
giving his share to some poor person. 

1 It is difficult to distinguish the town- 
ships of Haighton, Aighton and Hoghton 
in mediaeval deeds, but the first is com- 
monly Halghton and the second Aghton. 

2 1,077 acres, including 2 of inland 
water; Census Rep. 1901. 

3 Lanes, and Ches. Antij. Soc. xx, 178. 

4 V.C.H. Lanes, i, 28 8a. As will be 
seen from the text Haighton was in later 
times regarded as 2 oxgangs of land or 
else half a plough-land. 

5 Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 130 ; f l2d. of 
the increment of Aulton' for the half- 
year. 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



PRESTON 



land there in drengage, rendering zs. yearly. 6 This 
appears to have been the whole service due from the 
township, though the land is only a fourth part of the 
old assessment, for in 1297 the vill of Haighton was 
found to pay zs. yearly to the Earl of Lancaster. 7 In 
1324 a portion was held by John de Bolton, who paid 
it., and the rest by Adam son of William Banastre, 
who also paid is. 8 In 1346 the whole was held by 
Thomas Banastre, as half a plough-land, by the rent of 



2J. 9 It descended like Balderston, being held by 
Richard Balderston in 14456 for the twentieth part 
of a knight's fee, the land being half a plough-land. 10 
Haighton does not seem to have been usually regarded 
as a separate manor, and in a document of the i6th 
century is described as ' in Broughton '. u 

A family which took a surname from it can be 
traced for some time 12 ; but the land seems to have 
been very much divided, 13 the Elstons, 13a Singletons, 13b 



6 Lanct. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lance, and Ches.), i, 51. Richard de 
Haighton held the same land by the same 
service in 1226 ; ibid, i, 140. He was 
living in 1248, but Walter son of Richard 
de Haighton appears in 1251 and 1261 ; 
ibid, i, 176, 183, 228. Robert son of 
William son of Walter de Haighton was 
plaintiff in 1334 against Paulin son of 
William son of Walter and Gilbert son of 
Walter de Haighton, also against William 
son of Amry dc Haighton : Assize 
R. 1417, m. 7d. 

* Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 289. The 
Banastre estate may have been derived 
in part from Robert son of Walter de 
Haighton, who gave all his wood in 
Haighton (within certain bounds) to 
Thomas Banastre of Bretherton ; Kuer- 
den MSS. iv, H 5. 

8 Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39 ; John de 
Bolton held a messuage and 40 acres, and 
Adam Banastre the whole remainder of 
the hamlet of Haighton. 

In 1326 it was found that William son 
of Ellen de Haighton had held i acre 
(worth 6d. a year) in the vill of Haighton 
of Adam son and heir of William Banastre, 
a minor, by id. rent ; a messuage and 
9 acres of Richard de Haighton by 3^. 
rent; 12 acres of John de Haighton by 
zd. rent ; and 8 acres of Walter de 
Haighton by ^d. rent, the annual value 
of these 29 acres was %d. each. The 
heir was William's son Richard, aged 
twenty-four ; Inq. p.m. 19 Edw. II, no. 5 1. 

John de Bolton is stated to have 
received lands in Haighton, with acquit- 
tance of multure in the mill, from John 
de Coppull, the remainder being to Robert 
son of John de Belton and his heirs by 
Joan daughter of Thomas le Waleys ; 
the grant was made in 1318. After- 
wards Robert sold to Roger de Elston, 
living in 1363, and he died without issue 
by Joan ; Memo. R. (L.T.R.) 128, m. xxi. 
Margaret (then wife of William de 
Childers) widow of Robert son of John 
de Bolton claimed dower in 1366 ; De 
Banco R. 425, m. 234. The surname 
Bolton long continued in the township. 

9 Sur-v. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 50. Sir 
Thomas Banastre held in 1379 ; Lanes. 
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 15. 

10 Duchy of Lane. Knights' Fees,bdle. 2, 
no. 20. In 1456 Richard Balderston held 
the manor of Haighton by Goosnargh of 
the king as of his duchy in socage by a 
rent of 21. ; its clear value was 4 marks 
a year ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 
63. Thi-s is one of the rare instances in 
which it is called a manor. 

Portions of the Balderston estate are 
named later in the possessions of Edmund 
Dudley (1507), Thomas Radcliffe of 
Winmarleigh (1521), Thomas Earl of 
Derby (1523) and Sir Alexander Osbal- 
deston (1544) ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
iy, no. 13 ; y, no. 3, &c. ; v, no. 68 ; 
viii, no. i. No particulars of tenure are 
given for Haighton. 

u The warden* of Broughton Chapel 



in 1539 demised to William Singleton of 
Chingle Hall a messuage in Haighton in 
Broughton at a rent of loj. lod. ; 
Towneley MS. HH, no. 1575. This 
may only mean ' in the chapelry of 
Broughton.' 

13 One branch has been named in pre- 
ceding notes. 

John de Haighton occurs in 1244 ; 
Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 159, 160. 
Alice daughter of Adam de Blackburn 
in 1276-8 complained that John de 
Haighton, Ellen his wife and Katherine, 
Maud and Joan his daughters had dis- 
seised her of her free tenement in the 
place, and recovered ; De Banco R. 17, 
m. 27; Assize R. 1238, m. 32; 1239, 
m. 37. In 1292 Katherine daughter of 
John de Haighton withdrew her claim 
against John de Haighton ; Assize 
R. 408, m. 69 d. Much of the land of 
this family appears to have been acquired 
by Hoghton of Hoghton, as below. 

Godith de Elston and Roger son of 
William de Elston agreed with Joan 
widow of John de Haighton for a lease 
of their lands to her; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 783. 

John de Haighton gave his daughters 
Joan, Katherine, Maud and Margery his 
house of Brunden, lands held by Roger 
and Paulin, sons of William de Elston, 
and homages and services in the vill of 
Haighton, at a rent of izd. ; Kuerden 
MSS. iii, H 2. John son of John de 
Haighton granted Robert de Whittingham 
certain lands, the bounds at one point 
following Brunden to the east ; the rent 
was a pair of gloves or id. ; ibid. In 
1293-4 Katherine and Joan, daughters 
of John de Haighton, made claims 
against John son of Robert de Singleton 
and Alice his wife, and against Master 
Richard de Hoghton, in respect of tene- 
ments in Haighton ; De Banco R. 101, 
m. 100 d. ; 104, m. 81 d. 

In 1332 Richard de Haighton granted 
some of his land upon Highfield ; Kuerden 
fol. MS. fol. 175. Richard made a grant 
in 1358 ; ibid. fol. 189. In 1377 Maud 
and Margaret, daughters of Richard de 
Haighton and Euphemia his wife, had 
hereditary lands delivered to them ; ibid, 
fol. 256. 

Robert Greenacre and others, probably 
trustees, in 1416 gave a tenement in 
Haighton to Thomas Haighton and his 
heirs ; ibid. fol. 87. Ughtred Hothersall 
in 1441-2 became bound to William son 
and heir of Thomas Haighten for the 
fulfilment of contracts ; ibid. fol. 189. 
William Haighton was defendant in 
1442 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 4, m. i. 
William occurs again in 1459 and 1464 ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 88, 63. 

13 A fine respecting 'Haighton' in 
1311 may refer to some other place of 
the name ; Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), ii, 8. In 1317-18 John de 
Brockholes claimed land in Haighton 
against Richard son of Richard de Fish- 
wick and Cecily his wife ; De Banco 

125 



R. 221, m. 210 <J. Eve widow of Henry 
de Blackburn in 1336 claimed a mes- 
suage there against John de Blackburn ; 
ibid. 306, m. 128. Land in Haighton 
was among the Clitheroe estates in 1 342 ; 
Final Cone, ii, 114. In 1347 Simon 
Breton and Joan his wife claimed an 
acre of land against William del Hall and 
Robert son of Robert del Moor ; the last 
named seems to have been the owner ; 
Assize R. 1435, m. 16. Isolda widow of 
William del Hall had lands in 1372 ; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 87. John de 
Cottam of Haighton made a feoffment 
of his lands in 1389; ibid. fol. 88. A 
John son of William de Cottam was 
defendant to a claim by Adam son of 
Richard de Holmes in 1337 ; De Banco 
R. 311, m. I56d. Henry Cottam of 
Haighton died in 1592 holding a capital 
messuage, &c., of Richard Hoghton by 
6d. rent. George his son and heir was 
seventeen years old ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 49. 

13a In 1329 Roger and Paulin sons of 
William de Elston claimed a tenement 
in Haighton against Henry de Herrys 
and Cecily his wife ; Assize R. 427, m. 
3 d. (Henry de Hericy had land in 
Wheatcroft from John de Haighton in 
1287 ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 649.) 
John son of William son of Robert de 
Elston in 134$ claimed 40 acres of land 
against Robert and Adam sons of Ellis de 
Knoll ; De Banco R. 341, m. 226. 

Roger de Elston already named and 
Anabel his wife had lands in Haighton, 
and part of two mills, which were in 
1348 settled on Roger son of John de 
Elston, Ralph and Thomas his brothers, 
and the heirs of Roger de Elston of 
Killanshagh ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 291. 
Robert de Bolton was a witness. 
William son of Roger de Elston in 1350 
gave his brother Roger land called the 
Moss and rents from the tenements of 
William son of Paulin de Elston, Roger 
son of Ellis de Knoll and Henry son of 
William Amricson in Haighton ; ibid, 
fol. in. 

The feoffees in 1414 granted Margaret 
widow of John Elston various lands in 
Haighton, with remainders to Thomas 
Elston and Nicholas his brother ; Harl. 
MS. 21 12, fol. 100/141. In 1429-30 
Roger Elston gave lands, formerly 
Reginald Elston's, to trustees for Ellen 
daughter of Thomas Haighton ; Add. 
MS. 32107, no. 29912. Some of the 
Elston lands probably went to the 
Blundells of Preston, for in 1452-3 John 
Blundell and Agnes widow of Hugh 
Longton granted land in Haighton to 
William son of John Blundell ; Harl. 
MS. 2112, fol. 100/141. 

13b Nicholas son of Gilbert de Singleton 
in 1384 had lands in Haighton within 
these bounds : Beginning at Falsnape 
Cloughhead on the west, following tie 
Moss Dyke east to Christopher de Whit- 
tingham's land, then north to Brunden, 
following this westward to Falsnape 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



and neighbouring owners, as appears from the in- 
quisitions and other records, 
having estates therein. 14 The 
Hoghtons of Hoghton in 
Leyland held lands here from 
the time of Edward 1 14a ; 
the estate was once called a 
manor. 14b Cockersand Abbey 
had a little land. 15 In the 
1 7th century one residence 
was called the Hall, and its 
owners, named Wadsworth, 
recorded a pedigree in i664. 16 




WADSWORTH of 
Haighton. Gules three 
Jleurs de Us argent. 



In consequence of their taking the Jacobite side in 
1715 the estate was forfeited. 17 It was afterwards 
held by Edward Pedder, Blacklidge of Wheelton and 
Anderton of Euxton. 18 Another noteworthy family 
was that of Gerard 19 ; their estate was sold to 
James Francis Anderton, and is now held by his son 
Mr. Wilfrid Francis Anderton of Haighton House. 20 

George Charnley, Richard Whittingham and Law- 
rence Wilkinson, described as of Haighton, in 1631 
compounded for refusing knighthood by payments ot 
10 each. 21 

Two or three estates were sequestered by the Com- 
monwealth authorities for delinquency or recusancy, 22 



Cloughfield and so south to the starting- 
point ; Duchy of Lane. Anct. D. L 1061. 
The same piece of land apparently (in 
Falsnape Wray) had been given (temp. 
Henry III) by Richard de Haighton to 
Richard son of Roger de Broughton ; 
ibid. L 1074. 

Nicholas son of William Singleton had 
land here in 1471 ; Kuerden fol. MS. 
fol. 396. John son of William Singleton 
in 1488-9 had land in Haighton, in- 
cluding Stubbings, formerly belonging to 
Henry Haighton ; Towneley MS. DD, 
no. 1289. John Singleton of Shingle 
Hall in 1571 granted Thomas Hoghton 
of Lea an annuity out of a messuage, &c., 
in Haighton by Fulwood ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 804. Jane daughter of John 
Singleton was in 1587 wife of Christopher 
Harris, and had land in Haighton and 
West Stubbings ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. 
bdle. 49, m. 267. 

John Singleton of Shingle Hall was in 
1530 said to hold his messuage, &c., in 
Haighton in socage of Sir Richard 
Hoghton by a rent of lid. and a pair of 
gloves, and a similar return was made 
after the death of his son William in 
1541 ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 
32 ; viii, no. 9. Later, however, the 
tenure was said to be of the queen by 
knight's service ; ibid, xiii, no. 16 ; xiv, 
no. 67. 

14 Robert Hesketh in 1490 held lands in 
Haighton of Nicholas Harrington by the 
rent of a grain of pepper ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 72 ; v, no. 16. 
Sir Thomas Ashton had part of the 
Harrington land in Haighton in 1514; 
ibid, iv, no. 80. Thomas Bradley in 
1556 purchased lands in Haighton and 
Hothersall from Sir Thomas Hesketh 
nd Alice his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 1 6, m. 12. John Bradley 
held in 1597, but the tenure is not 
stated ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xvii, 
no. 28. The tenement descended to 
Osbaldeston ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soe, 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 179. 

Lawrence Starkie had lands in 
Haighton as well as in Broughton, and 
they descended in the same way ; Duchf 
of Lane. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 21. 

Thomas Dixon in 1597 purchased a 
messuage, &c., in Haighton and Whit? 
tingham from James Anderton of 
Lostock, who seems to have purchased in 
1591 from Gabriel Pennington ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 81 ; 53, 
in. 136. Christopher Dixon died in 1605 
holding his lands (in the townships 
named) of the king by the hundredth and 
the thousandth parts of a knight's fee ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 40. 

Sir Richard Hoghton in 1606 sold to 
George Lorimer a messuage, &c., in 
Haightuu; Add. MS. 32106, no. 770. 



George died in 1638, holding it of ' the 
lord of Haighton ' in socage, and leaving 
a son John, aged thirty-seven ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 57. 

Thomas Preston had lands in 
Haighton and Warton in 1591 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 53, m. 178. 
George Preston died in 1602 holding 
lands in Haighton and Whittingham of 
the king by the two-hundredth part of a 
knight's fee ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), 
i, 103. 

John Robinson purchased lands from 
Bolton and from Singleton in 1596-7 ; 
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 46 ; 
59, m. 97. Edward Robinson died in 
1608 holding lands of the king by the 
three-hundredth part of a knight's fee ; 
Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 114. 
John Robinson of Whittle died in 1628 
holding land, tenure unstated ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 20. 

John Taylor in 1586 acquired a 
messuage from Roger Taylor and Ellen 
his wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 
48, m. 257. Christopher Taylor died in 
1634 holding a messuage, &c., of 'the 
lord of Haighton,' and leaving as heir his 
son John, over forty years of age ; 
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 
1190. 

Anthony Wall and Margaret his wife 
had a messuage, &c., in 1596 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 59, m. 181. 
Anthony died at Preston in 1601 holding 
three messuages and three-eighths of a 
windmill in Whittingham and Haighton, 
also messuages, &c., in Preston. His son 
and heir William was eight years old ; 
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 6. 
William Wall died in 1626 at Whitting- 
ham holding the same estate and leaving 
as heir his son William, aged eight ; ibid, 
xxvi, no. 50. 

In the following cases the tenure is 
not stated : Sir Richard Shireburne, 
Henry Brown, Thomas Beesley and 
Thomas Clarkson ; ibid, xvi, no. 3 ; 
xviii, no. 23 ; xxviii, no. 62 ; xxx, no. 
Si. 

Ma The estate has been mentioned in 
previous notes. John son of John 
de Haighton in the time of Edward I 
made a number of grants and quitclaims 
to Master Richard de Hoghton ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 35, 653, 662, &c. 
Joan daughter of John de Haighton and 
Maud her sister released to Master 
Richard their right in the lands he had 
acquired from their father ; ibid. no. 624. 
Joan widow of John released her dower 
right ; ibid. no. 650. Joan, Maud and 
Margery daughters of John de Haighton 
afterwards released their claim to 
Richard son of Richard de Hoghton ; 
ibid. no. 654. Robert son of Warine de 
Elston and Ellen his wife, daughter of 
Roger Mustard (about 1280), granted all 

126 



their lands in Haighton to Master 
Richard de Hoghton, excepting a rood 
held of the heirs of Richard le Boteler ; 
ibid. no. 656. In 1315 Richard son of 
Richard de Hoghton granted land to 
Paulin de Elston and Christiana his wife 
at a rent of 1 31. 4^. yearly ; ibid. no. 
714. 

Sir Richard Hoghton was in 1422 
found to hold a messuage and land in 
Haighton of the king as Duke of 
Lancaster in socage ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. 
(Chet. Soc.), i, 146. Anilla daughter 
and heir of Robert Singleton (formerly 
of Chipping) in her widowhood gave her 
hereditary lands in Haighton to Henry 
and Ralph sons of Sir Richard Hoghton ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 663. John son of 
William Blundell and cousin and heir of 
Roger Blundell in 1491-2 granted to 
William Hoghton the lands in Haighton 
which had formerly belonged to Alexander 
Blundell ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, foL 556. 
Lands in Haighton are mentioned in 
later Hoghton inquisitions, &c., but the 
tenure is not stated. In 1566 Thomas 
Hoghton purchased lands, &c., in 
Haighton and Dilworth from John 
Osbaldeston and Jane his wife ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 28, m. 186. 
Richard Hoghton in 1577 purchased a 
messuage, &c., from Henry Earl of 
Derby ; ibid. bdle. 39, m. 93. 

14 b See note 22 below. 

15 Adam son of Uctred gave all hit 
land* in Haighton bounded by Moorsyke, 
Thorny Clough, Savock and Cabber Clough 
and across the moor to the starting- 
point ; Cockersand Chartul. i, 228. 

16 Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 322. 
The Wadsworths had also the ' manors ' 
of Fulwood and Cadley ; Exch. Dep. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 90. 

17 Gillow and Hewitson, Tyldesley 
Diary, 62 ; Lanes, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 171. See alo 
Cal. Exch. Pleas, W 2. 

18 Fishwick, Preston, 359. 

19 John Gerard died in 1635 holding 
lands in Warton, Livesey, Whitton, 
Withnell and Haighton. His messuage 
in the last-named township was called 
Rogerson House. The heir was his son 
Evan, aged forty ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. 
p.m. xxvii, no. 20. An Evan Gerard 
' of Brindle,' skinner, was a burgess at 
the Guild of 1622 ; Preston Guild R. 89, 93. 

20 Fishwick, op. cit. 357, where a pedi- 
gree is given. 

21 Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 

1, 222. 

M Richard Charnley died in 1623 hold- 
ing messuages and lands in Haighton of 
the heirs of Balderston by the rent of a 
rose ; his heir was his nephew George 
(son of Lawrence) Charnley, aged twenty- 
four ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), iii, 
367. Henry Charnley died in 1637 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



and some small tenements were registered by 
'Papists' in 1717." 

BARTON 

Bartun, Dom. Bk. ; Barton, 1212 and usually ; 
Berton, 1226. 

The surface is for the most part level or slightly 
undulating, but rises a little more sharply in the 
north-east corner, a height of about 230 ft. being 
attained. Barton Brook, formed by Westfield Brook 
and Sparling Brook from east and north-east respec- 
tively, runs diagonally across the area from north- 
east to south-west, the Old Hall being to the north 
of it and a water corn-mill upon it ; Barton Lodge 
and Tunsteads lie to the south of it. The township 
contains 2,707^ acres and had a population of 315 
in 1 90 1. 1 The hamlet of Newsham in Goosnargh 
was included in the township of Barton in 1894.* 

The principal road is that from Preston to Lan- 
caster, running along the western boundary ; upon 
it, near the centre, is the church. The London and 
North-Western Company's main line to the north 
crosses the north-west corner. 

The land is chiefly meadow and pasture ; the soil 
is clayey. 

A parish council administers the affairs of the 
township. 



PRESTON 

There are remains of ancient crosses near the 
eastern border. 3 

In 1066 the manor of BJRTON, 
M4NOR assessed as four plough-lands, was a member 
of the lordship of Preston held by Earl 
Tostig. 4 It was no doubt larger than the present 
township, which in 1212 is found assessed as only 
two plough-lands, being then part of ten held of the 
king in thegnage by Walter son of Osbert, ancestor 
of the Cliftons of Westby, by the service of 2 
annually. 4 

The Cliftons and their heirs retained the mesne 
lordship of Barton, 6 which in 1212 was held imme- 
diately by the heirs of Gilbert dt Barton. 7 Of this 
family very little is known 8 ; their rent was 8/., 
being the proportion due for two plough-lands. A 
mortgage or settlement of the manor of Barton, with 
lands in Goosnargh, was made by John de Barton in 
I323, 9 and another settlement by a later John de 
Barton and Denise his wife in I38i. 10 

Gilbert Barton was in 1496 an outlaw for trespass, 11 
and was succeeded by another Gilbert, who died in 
1516, leaving a son and heir Thomas, only four years 
old." The manor was held of Sir William Molyneux 
and Elizabeth his wife, in her right, by a rent of 8/. 
She was the daughter and heir of Cuthbert Clifton. 

Thomas Barton died in 1554 holding the manor 
by a like tenure, the mesne lord being Henry Halsall 



holding a messuage in Haighton, with 
common of pasture for all cattle, of 
Gilbert Hoghton, 'as of his manor of 
Haighton,' in socage. Hugh, his son and 
heir, was seven years of age ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 62. Henry son 
of Hugh Charnley in 1653 desired to be 
admitted to compound for the two-thirds 
of his father's estate sequestered 'for 
recusancy only' in 1643 ; Hugh had died 
about 1650 ; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. 
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 202. 

Thomas Beesley of Haighton forfeited 
his lands for some delinquency, but on 
the petition of his son John in 1653 the 
sentence seems to have been reversed ; 
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 41 ; 
Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 171-2. 

John Hunt was found to have been 
convicted of recusancy and to have com- 
pounded for his estate in 1634 ; Cal. 
Com. for Comp. iv, 3144. 

23 Evan (son of John) Gerard of 
Haighton and Brindle, Thomas Rogerson, 
James Chester, Anne Sudall, Henry 
Sudall, Roger Livesey, John Bolton (or 
Bilton), Lawrence Simpson and John 
Slater ; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Nonjurors, 105, 1378. 

1 The Census Rep. of 1901 gives an 
rea of 3,055 acres, including 13 of inland 

tfater, and a population of 423 ; but in 
Jhese figures Newsham in Goosnargh is 
included. 

2 Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 32199. 

3 These are called Barton Cross and 
Oak Bank Farm Cross ; Lanes, and Che*. 
Antiq. Soc. xx, 179, 1 80. In the former 
case a new cross has been placed on the 
old pedestal. 

4 F.C.H. Lanes, i, 288*. 

5 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 46, 139. 

6 So in the inquest of 1324; Dods. 
MSS. cxxxi, i, fol. 39^. 

7 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 46. 

8 Walter de Barton occurs in 1244 and 
Grimbald de Barton in 1253, both in 
Amounderness ; ibid, i, 158, 192. Walter 



de Barton and William his son attested a 
charter copied in Towneley MS. DD 
(no. 1835). 

Ralph de Catterall in 1292 claimed 
certain land in Barton against John de 
Barton, but afterwards said it was in 
Goosnargh; Assize R. 408, m. 34d. 
John de Barton appears again in 1297 
and 1307 ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 289 ; 
De Banco R. 163, m. 253. 

9 Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), ii, 56. John Travers the plaintiff 
(? trustee) received two-thirds of the 
manor, with tke reversion of the re- 
mainder, then in the possession of Alice 
wife of Richard de Bury as her dower. 
In 1334 Iseult widow of William son of 
John de Barton (and afterwards wife of 
Adam the Spinner) claimed dower in 
Goosnargh against William son of Richard 
de Bury and against Sir Richard de 
Hoghton, the latter holding by demise of 
John son of John de Barton, to whom her 
second husband had granted the messuage, 
&c., claimed ; De Banco R. 297, m. 
230 d. ; 300, m. 143 d. Alice widow of 
John de Barton made a claim in 1342 
against Adam de Waley and Iseult his 
wife ; ibid. 309, m. 289. 

John de Barton was described as a 
knight in charters of 1335 and 1348 ; 
MS. C 8, 5 (Chet. Lib.), Edw. Ill, no. 17; 
Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 387. 

Sir John de Barton and John his son 
were witnesses in 1340 ; DD, no. 1879. 

{Catherine daughter of William de 
Barton in 1370 claimed the manors of 
Barton and Bilsborrow against Richard 
de Catterall ; De Banco R. 438, m. 

*53- 

10 Final Cone, iii, 10. The remainder 
wag to Thomas son of John and Denise. 

In 1443 lands of Thomas Barton of 
Barton in Amounderness were taken for 
debt ; PaL of Lane. Chan. Misc. 1/7, 
no. 31. 

Christopher Barton, son and heir of 
Gilbert, was in 1485 to wed Margaret 
daughter of William Singleton and widow 

127 



of Elston; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 59. 
Christopher Barton was living in 1500 ; 
ibid. fol. 63. 

11 Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 10. 

He was no doubt the Gilbert Barton 
the elder who in 1493 made several 
grants to his sons and daughters 
Anthony, Lawrence, Richard, Hugh, 
Gilbert, Etheldreda and Isabel ; Pal. of 
Lane. Plea R. 76, m. 4, 4 d., 5 d., 8. 
Holmes, Kirks Place and Stokkolhede in 
Barton are named. 

This Gilbert died in or before 1508, 
for William Ireland, who had married his 
widow Clemency, was then claiming her 
dower in certain messuages, &c., in Barton, 
held by Lawrence Barton ; ibid. 104, 
m. 4. 

12 There are three inquisitions taken 
in this order Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
v, no. 33, iii, no. 7 (both 1520), v, no. 6 
(1521). (i) The first of them relates 
particularly to lands held by Gilbert's 
wife Margaret, who survived her husband 
for over two years. It mentions the above- 
named Lawrence, Gilbert, Anthony, Hugh, 
Constance, Etheldreda, and Isabel Barton 
as still living in 1520; also William, 
Thomas and Christopher Barton, younger 
sons of Christopher Barton, and Gilbert 
son of the Gilbert of the inquisition. 
Thomas Barton the heir had been in 
the custody of Sir John Warren, and 
then of his son Lawrence Warren. See 
Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), ii, 24. (2) 
The second document relates to the 
claim to wardship made shortly after- 
wards by Sir William Molyneux and 
Elizabeth his wife, they alleging that 
Barton was held of them by knight's 
service, viz. by the tenth part of a 
knight's fee and the rent of 8i. (3) The 
third inquisition reaffirms the socage 
tenure of the manor of Barton. It gives 
field-names in the demesne, including 
Ovall, Tonstedes, Akame, Flethycrokes 
and Alpham, and a number of tenants' 
names. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



in right of Anne his wife. 18 Richard Barton, the son 

and heir, then twenty-two years of age, recorded a 

pedigree in I567, 14 and died 

in 1572, leaving as heir a son 

Thomas, aged sixteen. 15 This 

son lived till 1603, and his 

son Richard having died in 

1600, Thomas's heir was 

Richard's daughter Fleetwood, 

born in 1595. The manor 

was held of Sir Cuthbert 

Halsall in socage by a rent of 




BARTON of Barton. 
Argent three boars' 
heads couped sable armed 



When four years old Fleet- 
wood Barton was married to 
Richard son and heir of Sir 
Richard Molyneux 17 ; but 

this union was afterwards annulled, and she then 
married Richard Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe in 
Habergham Eaves near Burnley. 18 Barton descended 
like Gawthorpe till the death of Robert Shuttleworth 
in 1 8 1 6, when he having divided his estates Barton 
was inherited by the elder son James, the younger, 
Robert, having Gawthorpe. James Shuttleworth in 
1833 sold the manor to George Jacson of Preston, 
a member of the firm of Horrocks, Jacson & Co., 
whose son Charles Roger Jacson succeeded to it. 19 
Having no issue he directed the manor and lands to 
be sold at his death, which took place on 3 October 



1893, for the benefit of his nephews and nieces. 
Portions have been sold, but the lordship of the 
manor is said to be vested in his trustees. Barton 
Lodge is the manor-house. 20 

The Charnley family held an estate in Barton in 
141 5. 21 A few other families holding land are known 
through the inquisitions. 22 

Richard Shuttleworth of Barton being a zealous 
Parliamentarian and Presbyterian, the township seems 
to have escaped the attention of the Commonwealth 
authorities ; but William Cardwell, tanner, and some 
others registered estates as 'Papists' in i/ij. 23 

There was probably a chapel at the 
CHURCH hall from an early time, but there are no 
records of it. 24 In 1650 St. Lawrence's 
chapel had neither minister nor maintenance. 25 In 
1723 Richard Shuttleworth, retaining the right of 
presentation, made it a semi-public chapel and gave 
some endowment, a grant from Queen Anne's Bounty 
being apparently obtained. 26 It was made parochial 
in 1850, and was pulled down and rebuilt in l$<)6. 27 
The patronage is vested in the Bishop of Manchester 
and the representatives of the late Col. Marton 
alternately. 28 The following have been incum- 
bents : 

1832 Thomas Duell 

1870 John Denby Harrison, Ph.D. (Rostock) 

1905 Herbert James Bardsley, M.A. (Worcester 
Coll., Oxf.) 



Margaret the widow of Gilbert after- 
wards married Francis Morley, and was 
claiming dower in Barton in 1518; Pal. 
of Lane. Plea R. 123, m. 4. 

In 1518, i.e. before the above inquisi- 
tions, Thomas Barton had summoned 
Lawrence Barton to answer for the 
waste, sale and destruction of houses and 
woods which Gilbert Barton (grandfather 
of Thomas, whose heir he was) had 
granted to Lawrence for life ; Pal. of 
Lane. Writs Proton. 10 Hen. VIII. 

The above statements as to the descent 
are difficult to harmonize. According to 
the recorded pedigree Gilbert was great- 
grandfather of Thomas, which would clear 
the matter. 

13 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. x, no. 50. 
He held the manor, also twelve messu- 
ages, a water mill, a windmill, &c., in 
Barton, and lands in Goosnargh, Bils- 
borrow and Chipping. 

14 Visit, of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 57. 
This gives the descent thus : Thomas 
Barton -s. Gilbert -s. Christopher -s. 
Gilbert -s. Thomas -s. Richard -s. 
Thomas. 

For a settlement by Thomas Barton ir. 
1599 see Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. b/kle. 
61, no. 198. S^ 

15 Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 8. ; 
the tenure was unchanged. The i 

tion names Richard's uncle Gilbe 
mother Maud, sister Elizabeth, 
Anne, and children John, Andrew and 
Maud. His will is recited in it ; his 
wife was to hold Barton Hall, the de- 
mesne lands, &c., till his son should 
attain full age. 

For a recovery of the manor in 1573 
see Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 233, m. I3d. 
For a claim to the manor of ' Barton 
Row' in 1575 see Ducatus Lane. (Rec. 
Com.), iii, 35. 

16 Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and 
Ches.), i, 7-11. 

! Ibid. 



Gilbert,^ 
i, wife \ 



18 See the account of Gawthorpe. The 
outline of the descent is : Richard Shuttle- 
worth, d. 1669 s. Richard, d. 1648 -8. 
Sir Richard, d. 1687-8. Richard, d. 1748 
-s.James, d. 1773 -s. Robert, d. 1816 
-s. James. 

A loi\al story relates that ' there was a 
large forest hereabouts and it contained a 
wild boa^ which played such havoc in 
the neighbourhood that Barton the elder 
offered in ^marriage his daughter, a rich 
heiress, to )he man who would kill it. A 
great hunt followed, and on St. Lawrence's 
Day one of the Shuttleworths slew the 
animal near the house now known as 
the Boar's Head ' ; Hewitson, Our Country 
Churches, 65. 

A settlement of the manor of Barton 
was made: by Richard Shuttleworth and 
Fleetwood'his wife in 1617-18 ; Pal. of 
Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 92, m. 9. There 
were others 1 in 1709 by Richard Shuttle- 
worth, and r^i 1742 by the same Richard 
and James his eldest son and heir ; Pal. 
of Lane. Pie* R. 490, m. 6 ; 557, m. 7. 

19 Th-pre is a pedigree in Foster's 
Lanes. Fed. 

20 Fishwick, Preston, 91, 315. Barton 
Hall was sold to Alderman William Smith 
of Newsham. 

31 Final Cone, iii, 73. William Charn- 
ley was plaintiff and his parents, John 
Charnley of Erlesgate and Amery his 
wife, were deforciants. 
1 22 Robert Singleton of Brockholes 
(^525) held land in Barton of the heirs 
oK Gilbert Barton by the rent of a rose ; 
Duahy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 64. 

Gizorge Medgeall (Midgehalgh) held 
messutoges in Barton in 1557 of Richard 
Barton y>y a rent of 2s. ; Robert his son 
and heirxwas aged thirty-three ; ibid, x, 
no. 22. .Robert had a son George who 
married Elian Parkinson in 1577 and had 
a son Robere ; and this Robert left a son 
and heir Gerorge, a minor, who died in 
the king's custody without issue in 1626. 

> 128 



His heir was his uncle Edward Mighall, 
brother of Robert ; ibid, xxvi, no. 39. 

The tenure of Sir Gilbert Gerard's land 
in 1593 is not stated separately. 

Thomas Cardwell died in 1633 holding 
two messuages, &c., of Richard Shuttle- 
worth and Fleetwood his wife in socage 
by a rent of us. yd. William his son 
and heir was sixteen years of age ; ibid. 
xxx, no. $9. 

Nicholas Cross had land in 1484 ; Pal. 
of Lane. Plea R. 61, m. 7. 

28 Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. 
Nonjurors, 139, 95. William Cardwell 
was a son of Thomas. The other names 
are George Calvert, Richard Arrowsmith 
and George Turner. 

Among the convicted recusants of the 
time of Charles II was a goldsmith, Thomas 
Kitchin ; Misc. (Cath. Rec Soc.),v, 165. 

24 It is said to be named in 1577 ; 
Raines in Notitia Cestr. ii, 469. 

John de Barton in 1348 received 
licence from the Archbishop of York to 
have services in his oratories within the 
deanery of Amounderness ; note by Mr. 
Earwaker citing Raines MSS. 

25 Common-w. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), 146. The inhabi- 
tants desired it to be made a parochial 
chapel to Broughton. It is not named in 
the Plund. Mins. Acctt. 

26 Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. loc. cit. ; 
'this chapel was built and has been con- 
stantly repaired by the family who enjoyed 
the estate and lived in the manor-house, 
to which this seems to have been a 
domestic chapel.' 

An advertisement for a chaplain in 
1795 shows that he was to be master also 
of Bilsborrow School ; Preston Guard. 
Sketches, no. 1526. 

27 Fishwick, Preston, 145-7. A view 
of the old building is given. See also 
Hewitson, op. cit. 64-70. 

* 8 The Bishop of Manchester's right 
wa formerly that of the Jacsons. 



LEA, ASHTON, INGOL AND COTTAM 

Lea, Dom. Bk. ; Le, 1212 ; Lee, 1297 ; Eng- 
leshel[e], 1200; Englisle, 1292; Inglisle, 1301; 
Frenkyssele, 1277 ; Franckesleye, 1292 ; Frensshele, 

1352- 

Estun, Dom. Bk. ; Eston, 1 1 68 ; Estone, 1 20 1 ; 
Assheton, 1292. 

Ingole, Ingool, c. I 200. 

Cotun, 1227; Cottun, 1258; Cotum, 1261; 
Colon, 1280 ; Cotom, xv cent. 

This composite township lies to the west of Preston. 
It is divided into two nearly equal parts by the Savock 
or Savick Brook, flowing west to the border, and 
then turning south to become itself the boundary at 
that point. The Kibble's old course is the boundary 
on the south. The river is tidal here, and the land 
by it is level, but the surface rises to about 60 or 70 ft. 
above the ordnance datum, and then falls again to the 
Savock. North of this stream the ground again rises 
and over 100 ft. is attained on the border of Wood- 
plumpton. 

Lea forms the western part of the township. It 
was formerly divided by the Savock into French Lea 
on the south and English Lea, now Lea Town, on 
the north, but the old names have long been forgotten. 
On the northern border is Cottam or Gotham, while 
Ingol lies in the north-east corner, on the border of 
Broughton. Sidgreaves is or was on the boundary 
of English Lea and Cottam. South of the Savock 
the eastern part of the township is called Ashton, or 
Ashton-upon-Ribble, having Tulketh to the north- 
east on the border of Preston, and Ashton Bank on 
the south-west by the Kibble. Greaves lies between 
Ashton and (French) Lea. A large part of Ashton 
has now become urban ; the dock of the Preston 
Corporation's Kibble navigation scheme is situated 
there in what was formerly the bed of the Kibble, 1 
the course of which stream has been straightened. 
The township boundaries also have been altered so as 
to include about half of Ashton within the township 
of Preston.* 

The areas of the several parts are as follows : Lea, 
1,776 acres ; Ashton, 828^ ; Ingol, 365 ; Cottam, 
518^ ; in all 3,488 acres. 8 The population in 1901 
was 6,586.* 

The principal roads are those from Preston, west 



PRESTON 

through Ashton, Greaves and Lea towards Lytham, 
and north through Ingol to Woodplumpton. From 
Greaves on the former road another important one 
goes north to Inskip and the Wyre district ; cross- 
roads connect it with Cottam, Lea Town and 
Clifton. The Preston and Wyre Railway, owned by 
the Lancashire and Yorkshire and London and North- 
Western companies, runs north-west and west through 
the township, with a station called Lea Road. The 
Lancaster Canal crosses the Savock from Preston and 
then goes west through the township. The Preston 
tramway system extends into Ashton, and there are 
branch railways to serve the dock. 

There are brick and tile works at Ashton and 
Cottam. In the other parts of the township agri- 
culture remains the only industry. 

The present reduced township is governed by a 
parish council. 

There was formerly a holy well * in Ingol, ' a 
walled-in structure reached by a flight of steps.' In 
French Lea was St. Catherine's Well. 

' Danes Pad ' goes west through Ingol and Cottam ; 
it is supposed to mark the line of a Roman road. 

In 1066 LEA, assessed as one plough- 
MANORS land, and ASHTON as two, were mem- 
bers of the fee of Preston or Amoun- 
derness held by Earl Tostig. 6 After the Conquest 
they appear to have been included in the royal 
demesne, and were held in thegnage by a number of 
tenants, the hamlets being French Lea, English Lea, 
Ashton, Tulketh, Ingol, Cottam, Sidgreaves, and per- 
haps others. French Lea, as above stated, lay between 
the Savock Brook and the Ribble ; in this part the 
hall was built ; while English Lea was to the north 
of the Savock. 7 

Henry II granted FRENCH LEA among other 
manors to Warine de Lancaster to hold by the 
service of falconer, 8 and this was confirmed between 
1190 and 1 1 94 by John Count of Mortain to 
Warine's son Henry de Lea. 9 A further confirma- 
tion or renewal was granted in 1 1 99 after John had 
become king. 10 In 1 207 the king obtained Henry's 
manors of Liverpool and Uplitherland in exchange 
for ENGLISH LEA, 11 and the service thenceforward 
to be rendered was a payment of zoj. yearly instead 
of falconry. 11 The two Leas were thus united 
under one lordship and have so remained. In 1212 



1 The work of altering and deepening 
the course of the Ribble and making the 
dock was begun in 1884, and the dock 
was opened in 1892 as the! Albert Edward 
Dock. The entrance is through a dock 
basin and two locks. Vessels ofi8-ft. 
draught can come up to the dock. Ware- 
houses have been built at the side of it. 

8 Part of Ashton was included within 
the municipal borough in 1880 and a 
further part in 1888 ; in 1894 these 
part* were included also in the township of 
Preston by Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607. 

3 The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 3,098 
acres, including 18 of inland water, as the 
area of the present reduced township 
the old name being retained and 357 
acres, including 2 of inland water, as the 
area of the part taken into Preston. In 
addition there are 22 acres of tidal water 
and i 3 of foreshore in the reduced town- 
ship ; while the alteration of the Ribble 
course and the boundary have made further 
changes at the expense of Penwortham, 
perhaps 100 acres. 



4 Eight-ninths (viz. 5,872 persons) were 
within the borough (and new township) 
of Preston. 

6 Lanes, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 

173- 

V.C.H. Lanes, i, 288*. 

7 The positions of the two parts of the 
township are shown by various charters. 
Thus about 1290 Amphelicia widow of 
Richard le Scrivain (scrivener) released 
to William de Lea her lord her right to 
dower in her husband's lands beyond 
Wadebridgegate towards the west in 
French Lea, between Ribble and Savock, 
and also all the land her son William 
had granted in Sidgreaves ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 460. The same William son 
of Richard le Scrivain of French Lea 
released to William son of Sir Henry de 
Lea land within bounds which began 
at Wadebridge, followed Wadebridgegate 
across to the Ribble, along Ribble to 
Savock, and along Savock to Wade- 
bridge ; ibid. no. 457. It may be added 
that Richard son of Robert Scriftoriut of 

129 



French Lea occurs in another deed ; 
ibid. no. 419. 

The two Leas, English and French, 
seem also to have been known as Great 
and Little Lea. 

8 This grant is known only by the 
confirmations. Warine the Falconer is 
named in the Pipe Roll of 1185-6; 
Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 60. As Warine 
de Lancaster he gave the fourth part of 
an oxgang of land in Lea to the abbey of 
Cockersand for the soul of King Henry, 
&c. ; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
207. Warine probably died about 1191. 

9 Farrer, op. cit. 432 ; it mentions a 
confirmation previously granted by John 
to Warine de Lancaster. Henry son of 
Warine gave 20 marks for the charter ; 
ibid. 1 1 6. 

10 Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 26. 

11 In the Pipe Roll of 1200-1 English 
Lea appears as paying an increment of 
4J. for the half-year ; Farrer, op. cit. 
130. 

13 Cat. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 171. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



accordingly Henry de Lea was recorded as holding in 
all six plough-lands by the king's charter and rendering 
2O/. 13 The two Leas seem then to have been con- 
sidered as one plough-land, as in 1066, and 3/. \d. 
was the portion of the rent charged on them 14 ; but 
in the 1 4th century they are called two plough- 
lands. 18 

Henry de Lea 16 was succeeded by his son Sir 
John de Lea, of whom little is known. 17 He died 
in I z65, 18 leaving two sons Sir Henry and Baldwin, 



the former being his successor. Sir Henry was a 
prominent man in the county 19 and was at one time 
sheriff. 20 He died in I 288, leaving as heir his son 
William de Lea, 21 who acquired the manor of Molling- 
ton Banastre near Chester by his marriage with 
Clemency Banastre. 22 Their son Henry, 23 taking 
part with Adam Banastre in his rebellion in October- 
November 1315, was executed 24 ; but his sister Sibyl 
was able to secure the inheritance, which she carried 
by marriage to Sir Richard de Hoghton of Hoghton. 25 



* 3 Lanes. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. 
Lanes, and Ches.), i, 21. The grant to 
Cockersand made by Henry's father 
Warine is recorded, as also a further gift 
by Henry himself. 

The six plough-lands seem to have 
been made up thus : Ainsdale 2, Ravens- 
meols 3, Lea I. 

14 The vill of Lea rendered 40^. yearly 
to the Earl of Lancaster in 1297 ; ibid. 
i, 289. Richard de Hoghton in 1324 
held the manor by the service of 31. 4^. 
at Michaelmas; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39. 

15 In 1346 Adam de Hoghton held 
both Leas as two plough-lands by the 
service of the third part of a knight's fee, 
giving relief, and paying 35. $.d. yearly 
for castle ward; Sur-v. of 1346 (Chet. 
Soc.), 54. The two Leas are again called 
two plough-lands in 1445-6 ; Duchy of 
Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. They 
were then held by the third part of a fee. 

16 He confirmed his father's gift to 
Cockersand ; Chartul. i, 209. He also 
allowed Walter son of Simon to give part 
of his land in Lea, by Fulford at the 
Savock ; ibid, i, 208. He gave land in 
English Lea near the Outlane and Mere- 
lich (the boundary between English Lea 
and Ashton) to Richard son of Owen ; 
Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C 2146. To Uctred 
son of Edith he gave a toft and croft in 
Lea, with two nets free in the Ribble, 
for a rent of izd. ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
50. To Peter son of Geoffrey he gave 
land within bounds which name Blake- 
mon Syke and Katelaw Syke ; ibid. no. 
53. To his son Richard he gave land in 
the Spitalfield ; ibid. no. 69. 

In English Lea he granted i oxgang 
of land to Roger son of Levenot, which 
the said Levenot had held ; ibid. no. 55. 
A more important grant was made by 
him as Henry de Lea son of Warine de 
Lancaster about 1230, giving his daughter 
Amice the moiety of the whole vill of 
English Lea with all its appurtenances 
at a rent of 3*. ; ibid. no. 379. 

There is a charter of William son of 
Henry son of Warine de Lancaster 
respecting Sidgreaves, ibid. no. 380. 

' Henry de Lancaster son of Warine ' 
gave a plot of land in Forton to the 
monks of Furness in exchange for another 
piece for the souls of William de Lan- 
caster, Warine de Lancaster and Mabel 
his wife, Richard Fitton father of his own 
wife Margaret, &c. ; Harl. Chart. (B.M.) 
52 I, i. The round seal has a bird with 
the inscription -j- SIGILL -^- HENRICI DE 
LANCA -J-. William de Lancaster (either 
I or II) is called the uncle of Warine ; 
Cockersand Chartul. ii, 366. For the 
Fittons see the account of Harwood. 

17 He attested various charters. William 
de Scales son of Gilbert granted Sir John 
de Lea a selion in English Lea, lying 
between land of Henry son of Roger and 
land of Herbert the Clerk, in exchange 
for a messuage in the same vill ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 411. Sir John occurs 
several timei between 1244 and 1261 ; 



Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 158, 184, 
227. 18 Ibid. 234. 

19 He gave land in the Millfield in 
French Lea to Cockersand Abbey ; 
Chartul. i, 210. The seal to this grant 
is drawn by Dodsworth (cxlii, fol. 17); 
it shows a bend lozengy, with the legend 
-J- s. HENRICI DE LEE. A number of 
grants to and by him are contained among 
the Hoghton deeds in Add. MS. 32106. 
Among them may be cited the following : 
Henry son of Uctred of English Lea gave 
Henry son of John de Lea all his land in 
English Lea, about 1230, Henry de Lea 
(i.e. the grandfather) being a witness ; 
no. 80. Henry son of Adam de Leahead 
gave all his land in Leahead to Henry 
son of John de Lea, a rent of izd. 
to be paid to St. Saviour's in Ribbledale 
(i.e. Stidd) ; no. 58. The same grantor 
also gave land in the field called Westley 
in French Lea ; no. 458. Robert son of 
Henry of French Lea gave Henry son of 
John de Lea five selions in Leferirley ; 
no. 401. Adam son of William Edwin 
made an exchange of land in the field 
called the Mekes with Sir Henry de Lea ; 
no. 433. In 1281 an exchange in the 
Crofts and Geoffreyfield was made 
between John son of Alan of French Lea 
and Sir Henry de Lea ; no. 65. William 
the reeve of Lea was a witness. 

Henry de Lea appears as the king's 
bailiff in 1256 ; Lanes. Inq. and Extents, 
i, 205-6. He became tenant of the 
Cockersand land in Lea in 1262 ; Final 
Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 
141. He was defendant to a claim for a 
tenement in French Lea made by Alice 
daughter of Robert de Staining in 1278 ; 
Assize R. 1238, m. 31 ; 1239, m. 39. 

20 P.R.O. List of Sheriffs, 72. 

11 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 273. In 
addition to Lea Sir Henry held Charnock, 
part of Wheelton and Ravensmeols. He 
held Lea of Edmund Earl of Lancaster 
by the service of 40^., having 2 oxgangs 
of land in demesne there, each worth 
51. a year, and 6 oxgangs in service, each 
worth 2s. a year ; also a water-mill, 
worth half a mark yearly. William the 
son and heir was thirty years old. 

* 3 Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 32*. Clemency 
was daughter of Robert Banastre. 

As William son of Sir Henry de Lea 
he made an exchange of land on the cast 
side of Baddebridgegate for land on the 
west side thereof with William son of 
Roger of French Lea ; Add. MS. 32106, 
no. 39. John son of Alan de Lea granted 
his lord William de Lea certain land in 
French Lea, lying in Merclie, in Gild- 
homefield, in Overthemarketgate field, 
also selions called Staniggefethir and 
Crauthornland ; ibid. no. 44. Roger son 
of Mille of English Lea in 1284 gave 
William de Lea, his lord, an acre in 
English Lea, a candle having to be given 
yearly to God and St. Mary ; ibid. no. 
47. Richard the Miller of Lea con- 
firmed to William his lord two butts of 
land in English Lea, lying in the Merst- 

130 



holme between the Scalebanks and the 
new bridge ; no. 308. 

In 1292 William de Lea was sum- 
moned to prove his title to the manor, 
which he did by showing the grants 
above cited ; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. 
Com.), 380. In 1296 Margery widow 
of Alan de Ingol released to her lord 
William de Lea all right in lands which she 
and Alan had sold to him, which lands 
were in the fields called Becanesfurlong 
and Eastgreaves in English Lea in Syke 
Meadow, in Wadebridgeholme, Wade- 
bridge Meadow and Mill Carr ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 388. In 1301 an agreement 
was made between William de Lea and 
Robert de Haydock ; Dods. MSS. Ixx, fol. 
1 54^. William de Lea appears to have 
died in April 1302, leaving his son and 
heir Henry, a minor ; Mins. Accts. 771, 
no. i. 

33 In 1311 Sir Henry de Lea granted 
to Thomas son of David de Sidgreaves and 
Alice his wife 3 acres in the field called 
Williamcroft in the vill of Sidgreaves at 
a rent of ioj. ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 436. 
In 1312 William son and heir of Gilbert 
de Ashton released his right in Brookfield 
(? in Ashton) to Sir Henry de Lea ; ibid, 
no. 485. Roger son of Roger son of 
Emma de Sidgreaves in 1313 gave all his 
land in Lea to Sir Henry ; ibid. no. 347. 

14 The insurgents were defeated on 4 
Nov. 1315, and Henry de Lea for a week 
or more remained hiding in the moors and 
woods, being captured by William de 
Holland, and afterwards beheaded by order 
of the Earl of Lancaster ; Coram Rege 
R. 254, m. 52. 

28 Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 32*. Henry 
de Lea had two brothers (or half brothers), 
William and Thomas, mentioned in 1301; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 889. Sir William 
de Lea, son of William de Lea, in 1337 
released to Sir Richard de Hoghton, 
Agnes widow of Sir Henry de Lea, Sir 
Adam de Hoghton and others all right in 
the manors of English Lea, French Lea, 
Ashton by Preston, &c. ; ibid. no. 891. 
For Sir William see the account of 
Croston. 

In 1 3 20 Thomas son of Roger son of 
Emma of English Lea released to Sir 
Richard de Hoghton and Sibyl his wife 
all that land which Sir Henry de Lea, 
brother of Sibyl, had had by the gift of 
Thomas's brother Roger in English Lea ; 
ibid. no. 735. Sir Richard in 1323 
acquired from Henry son of John de 
Lea land given him by William son of 
Sir Henry de Lea ; ibid. no. 52. Later, 
in 1327, Avice widow of Richard de 
Claughton granted Sir Richard two butts 
of her land in the vill of English Lea, 
near the tithe barn of Lea and adjoining 
the king's way from Preston to Kirkham ; 
ibid. no. 43 

Adam He Hoghton in 1341 granted 
common of pasture in Lea Marsh to 
certain tenants of John son of William de 
Lea ; ibid. no. 765. Willizm de Dutton, 
clerk, apparently the trustee of Thomas 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



From that time Lea has descended in the same way as 
Hoghton. 26 

The family seem to have found Lea a desirable 
residence, and were often known as Hoghton of 
Lea. 27 The most prominent incident of their tenure 
was the tragedy of 1589, when a feud between the 
Langton and Hoghton families resulted in a night 
attack on Lea Hall and the death of Thomas 
Hoghton, the lord. The story is thus told 28 : 

Thomasine widow of John Singleton of Staining 
in right of herself and her daughters claimed certain 
oxen feeding in an inclosed pasture adjoining Thomas 
Hoghton's manor-house called the Lea on 2 I Novem- 
ber 1589 ; these cattle had been removed from 
Staining by George Singleton the brother of John. 
William Anderton of Anderton Ford, a kinsman of 
the widow's, she being a daughter of Roger Anderton, 
asked Thomas Langton of Walton-le-Dale to take the 
cattle away from the Lea, arguing that it might law- 
fully be done. Langton accordingly on 20 Novem- 
ber warned a number of his tenants to be ready to 
accompany him with their weapons, and asked the 
help of Thomas Singleton of Broughton. About 
eleven o'clock at night Langton, Anderton, the 
Singletons and their aiders, about eighty in all, armed 
with pikes, guns, long staves, Welsh hooks on staves, 
swords, daggers, bows, arrows, and bills, assembled on 
Preston Marsh for the purpose of seizing the cattle, 
their watchword being ' The crow is white ! ' They 
reached the Lea about an hour after midnight, 
dividing themselves into two companies, of which one 
passed through the outer court of the manor-house to 
reach the cattle inclosure. Thomas Hoghton had 



PRESTON 

had several hours' warning and had made prepara- 
tions to resist. He and a company of friends and 
tenants, including William Hulton and his two sons, 
to the number of thirty, armed themselves with staves, 
a pike, a gun charged with hail shot, two pistols, a 
bow and arrows, swords and daggers, and placed 
themselves near the inclosure to guard the cattle. 
Their cry was ' Black, black ! ' The two companies 
met and ' a great affray began between them within 
60 yards of the said mansion house.' The first attack 
having been repulsed a fresh one was made in which 
Thomas Hoghton was killed and one man on the 
other side. After this the assailants appear to have 
withdrawn. 

Complaint was made and an inquiry immediately 
ordered, which was held at the beginning of January, 
the Earl of Derby and Sir Richard Shireburne stating 
that they had taken steps to quell the disturbance 
and arrest the offenders as soon as they heard of the 
matter. Thomas Langton, sore wounded, was arrested 
as he lay in bed at Broughton Tower ; Thomasine 
Singleton and others were sent to Lancaster Castle. 

Anne the widow of the Thomas Hoghton thus 
slain had Lea Hall for her life ; she afterwards married 
Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst. 29 

A record of the arms displayed at Lea Hall, 1591 
to 1636, has been preserved. 30 

No courts have been held for the manor for many 
years, but rolls extending from 1622 to 1774 are 
preserved at Walton-le-Dale. 31 

Several minor families occur taking a surname 
from the Leas. 32 SIDGRE4VES was at one time 
held by Baldwin de Lea, above-named, 33 and it also 






the Priestsknave of Preston, gave Sir 
Adam de Hoghton in 1371 all Thomas's 
lands in English Lea; ibid. no. 355. 
This charter was dated at French Lea. 
Maud widow of William de Freckleton in 
1388 granted all her lands in English Lea 
to Sir Richard de Hoghton ; ibid. no. 75. 
In 1393 John de Whitley and Ellen his 
wife granted Sir Richard a messuage and 
land in the vill of Lea which Adam son 
of William had received from his brother 
John ; ibid. no. 464. 

Thomas Whiteside of Burscough in 
1419 granted to Sir Richard Hoghton all 
those lands in French Lea which he had 
by his wife Alice daughter of John the 
Spenser, and Richard Whiteside, the son, 
agreed ; ibid. no. 549, 299. 

56 A number of the Hoghton tenants 
in French Lea and Ashton are named in 
an agreement of 1 3 34 ; Final Cone, ii, 94. 

The manor of Lea is constantly named 
in the Hoghton inquisitions, &c. Sir 
Richard Hoghton was in 1422 found to 
have held the manor of French Lea of the 
king as of his duchy by knight's service 
and a rent of zod., and English Lea by 
the same tenure, the two being the third 
part of a knight's fee and worth 5 marks 
a year ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
145. So in 1580 the manor of Lea and 
lands, &c., there were held of the queen 
as of her duchy by the third part of a 
knight's fee ; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. 
xiv, no. 26. Sir Henry Hoghton and 
Dame Susanna his wife were vouchees in 
a recovery of the manors of Lea and 
Ashton in 1 742 ; Pal. of Lane. Plea R. 
554, m. 12. 

n Sir Adam de Hoghton in 1348 had 
licence for oratories in his manors of 
Alston, Lea and Thornton ; Canon 
Raines' note from York records. 



General pardons were in 1469 granted 
to Alexander Hoghton of French Lea, esq., 
and to Henry Hoghton of French Lea 
(otherwise of Hoghton), esq. ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 366-7. 

A number of tenants of pasture in Lea 
are named in 1582 ; Pal. of Lane. Feet 
of F. bdle. 46, m. 39. 

88 Add. MS. 32106, fol. 205*. 

*' Ibid. no. 776. 

30 Tram. tint. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 
216. 

81 Information of Mr. J. H. Lumby. 
The customs of the manor were in dispute 
in 1691-2 ; Exch. ></>. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, 
and Ches.), 78, 8 1. 

82 Some of them have occurred in pre- 
ceding notes. The following particulars 
may be added : 

Henry son of Uctred of English Lea 
granted Adam son of Gillomichael his 
kinsman 6$ acres in English Lea. Four 
of the acres were in Berifurlong, two lay 
between Alan's Dyke and Russilache, and 
the half acre was next to Adam the Stud- 
herd's acre ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 409. 
Henry de Lea and John his son were 
witnesses. 

The following witnesses to a charter 
show that the users of the surname were 
numerous about 1270: Henry de Lea 
son of Alan ; Robert son of Henry de 
Lea, Robert son of Roger de Lea, Uctred 
de Lea, Alan son of Alan de Lea Gallica ; 
ibid. no. 416. 

In 1292 Alice widow of John son of 
Adam de Lea claimed dower in Lea against 
Adam son of Henry de Lea, who called 
Baldwin son of John de Lea to warrant 
him ; Assize R. 408, m. 33. At the 
same time Maud daughter of Robert de 
Lea claimed a tenement in French Lea 
against Thomas Uttingesone ; ibid. m. 58. 



William son of Robert Backman in 1301 
made a claim against Henry son of Emma 
de ' Inglisle ' respecting a tenement in 
English Lea, but did not prosecute it ; 
Assize R. 419, m. 7. The claim was 
renewed or continued in 1324-5, the 
plaintiffs name being given as William 
son of Robert son of Robert de Lea ; 
Assize R. 426, m. 2. A settlement by 
Thomas Johnson Amotson and Ellen his 
wife in 1385 may refer to the same 
family; Final Cone, iii, 25. 

James son of Richard Lea and cousin 
and heir of John Lea in 1532 granted 
lands, &c., in French Lea to Sir Richard 
Hoghton ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 73. 
The said James and John his son were 
'of English Lea' in 1564; ibid. fol. 189. 
John Lea made a feoffment of lands in 
English Lea in 1574 for the benefit of 
his son Alexander and Janett his wife, 
daughter of John Bayne ; ibid. no. 786. 
In 1587 Thomas Hoghton purchased a 
messuage, &c., in Lea from Alexander 
(son and heir of John) Lea and Janett his 
wife ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 49, 
m. 250. 

38 Thomas son of Uctred de Lea released 
to Baldwin de Lea his claim to service for 
a tenement in Sidgreaves ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 42. William son of Henry 
son of Warine de Lancaster released the 
service of Robert Spendlow in Sidgreaves, 
viz. 1 6d., to Baldwin son of John de Lea ; 
ibid. no. 380. Robert Spendlow released 
to Baldwin de Lea the service 01 Roge/ 
Spendlow his brother for a tenement in 
Sidgreaves in the fee of English Lea and 
also of Robert White ; ibid. no. 416, 420., 
Baldwin also obtained a ' land ' in the 
Astewaldis in Sidgreaves, extending east 
to west from the road to the moor to a 
syke of Remisgrene ; ibid. no. 395. 



A HISTORY OF LANCASHIRE 



occurs as a 
occurs 



surname. 34 GRE47ES in French Lea 
I277. 35 The Knights Hospitallers 36 and 
Cockersand Abbey 37 had land in Lea. Robert son 
of Robert son of Auger of French Lea gave land 
there, with his body, to St. Cuthbert of Durham in 
connexion with Lytham Priory. 38 

One plough-land in 4SHTON was granted by 
John when Count of Mortain to Arthur de Ashton, 



to be held in free thegnage by the service of IOJ. 
yearly, and this was confirmed when he became king 
in II99. 39 It had formed part of the honour of 
Peverel forfeited about U53- 40 Arthur de Ashton 
died in 1201, when his son Richard succeeded, 41 but 
in 1 2 1 2 it was recorded merely that ' the heir of 
Arthur de Ashton ' held the plough-land by the 
service named. 42 The inheritance became divided, 43 



Robert son of Geoffrey de Lea in 1 3 34 
acquired an estate in Great Lea from 
Richard son of Baldwin ; Final Cone, ii, 
92. 

34 Adam son of Adam de Sidgreaves 
gave his son-in-law Gilbert a half- acre on 
the west side of the out-lane in Sid- 
greaves, with common of pasture in 
English Lea ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 45. 
Robert Spendlow (son of Richard) gave 
an acre in Sidgreaves to Uctred son of 
Eda de Sidgreaves at a rent of ^d, sterling ; 
ibid. no. 401. 

In 1292 Roger son of Roger Spendlow 
of Sidgreaves was non-suited in a claim 
for a tenement in the place made against 
Robert son of Ralph de Sidgreaves and 
Ellen his wife ; Assize R. 408, m. 76. 

Soon afterwards (1294-5) the last- 
named Ellen stated that her husband, who 
had been hanged for felony, had held a 
messuage and lands in Lea of her patri- 
mony ; Inq. p.m. 22 Edw. I, no. 86 ; 23 
Edw. I, no. no. 

85 Margery widow of Alexander son of 
Warine in 1277 claimed dower against 
Richard son of John del Greaves in 
respect of two messuages and 2 oxgangs 
of land in French Lea ; De Banco R. 21, 
m. 27 d., 94 d. The hamlet of Greaves 
was said to be in the vill of French Lea 
in 1404; Add. MS. 32106, no. 513. 

36 Part or all was in Sidgreaves ; 
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. Roger son 
of Levenot of English Lea in making to 
his son Uctred a grant of the eighth part 
of an oxgang in English Lea, next to 
Swingilcar, excepted half an acre given to 
the Hospitallers ; ibid, iv, L 59. 

John son of Adam de Lea granted to 
the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem 
half a 'land ' in Longfield in English Lea 
and half a land on Old Bruches next Sir 
John de Lea's land, beginning at the 
Spitalfield and extending as far as the 
moor ; Kuerden fol. MS. fol. 234. 

George Atkinson died in 1639 holding 
a messuage and lands in Lea which had 
belonged to the Hospitallers. His heir 
was his sister Anne Hodgson, widow, aged 
fifty-eight ; Towneley MS. C 8, 1 3 (Chet. 
Lib.), I. James Harrison died in 1610 
holding a messuage in English Lea of 
Richard Shireburne (as of the Hospital of 
Jerusalem) ; John his son and heir was 
aged twenty-eight in 1633 ; ibid. 498. 

37 In addition to grants already recited 
the canons had land in Mill Furlong, 
with easements of the vill of French Lea, 
from Richard the Clerk of Lea ; Cocker- 
tand Chartul. i, 209. 

88 Lytham D. at Durham, 2 a, 2ae, 430 
Ebor, no. 42-3 ; 4 acres were in Wites- 
stanes Furlong, &c. 

3 Chart. R. (Rec. Com.), 26. The 
township is named in 1168-9 as contri- 
buting to the aid together with Preston ; 
Farrer, Lanes. Pipe R. 12. Arthur de 
Ashton gave 20 marks for the confirma- 
tion of his charter; ibid. 116. Theobald 
Walter in 12001 appeared against Arthur 
de Ashton in a plea of half a plough-land 
and a mill in Ashton ; Corain Rege R. 
22, in. a. d. 



40 Farrer, op. cit. 5, 36 ; Lanes. Inq. and 
Extents (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 1 20. 
It is possible that the second plough-land 
in Ashton remained in the king's hands 
after the grant to Arthur de Ashton, and 
was transferred to the Earl of Ferrers, 
who is said to have held them in 1216-22; 
ibid. It was probably divided among the 
other tenants of Lea and Ashton, and 
that may account for the increase in the 
assessment of Lea from one plough-land 
to two. There was, however, no increase 
in the rent paid. 

In charters already given Sidgreaves is 
described as being in English Lea, but in 
a grant to Cockersand by Richard Spend- 
low it is said to be in Ashton, the bounds 
being fully described : From Fulesyke 
where the Plumpton road crossed it to 
the boundary to Cottam and Sidgreaves, 
south to the Savock, &c. ; with appurte- 
nant easements in Ashton, and the 
sixteenth part of a fishery in the Ribble ; 
Cocker sand Chartul. i, 213. 

The vill of Ashton paid lOs. to the 
Earl of Lancaster in 1297 ; Lanes. Inq. 
and Extents, i, 289. 

41 Rot. de Oblatis et Fin. (Rec. Com.), 
115. Richard paid ioo*. as relief ; Farrer, 
op. cit. 130. 

42 Lanes. Inq. and Extents, i, 50. The 
'heir' is again unnamed in 1226, when 
the tenure was called drengage ; ibid. 
140. The same uncertainty as to the 
succession is shown in the Pipe Rolls of 
12056, when the heir of Arthur de 
Ashton paid los. scutage ; Farrer, op. cit. 
205. Again in 1210-11, the heir owed 
iooj. for relief; ibid. 242. 

43 Robert son of Arthur de Ashton 
gave half an acre in Geoffrey's assart on 
the east side of the vill of Ashton to the 
canons of Cockersand ; Chartul. i, 214. 
The record of the payment of relief cited 
above (Rot. de Oblatis, 115) states that 
Richard and William sons of Arthur 
paid it, but William's name is cancelled. 
About 1230 Adam son of Waltheof the 
White of Ashton granted his brother 
Henry lands in Ashton held of William 
son of Richard de Ashton, and in Lea 
held of Sir Henry de Lancaster ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 505. William Breton 
was then Sheriff of Kent ; Dep. Keeper's 
Rep. xxxi, App. 297. William and Robert 
de Ashton were living in 1242 ; Lanes. 
Inq. and Extents, i, 1 5 1 

The division of the inheritance was 
probably due to Arthur de Ashton him- 
self, for he gave his son Robert ' the 
whole moiety of all his tenement in 
Ashton with all its appurtenances and 
with his messuage and garden and the 
whole moiety of all his demesnes,' the 
rent being a spur ; Add. MS. 32106, no. 
381. The seal showed a bird with out- 
spread wings and had the legend + SIGILL. 
ARTURI DE ESTUN. To his son Richard 
he gave all the land on the north side of 
Savock, from Gamel's bridge to the boun- 
dary of English Lea, and so round to the 
road (via) from Plumpton and the street 
(strata) which came down to the bridge 
named ; ibid. no. 375. Another charter 

132 



by Arthur to the same Richard was given 
into the safe keeping of Adam son of Sir 
William Banastre in 1330; Dods. MSS. 
Ixx, fol. 1546. 

The descent of the various portions 
cannot be traced clearly. Adam son of 
Warine de Lancaster and his wife Alice 
released to Robert son of Arthur all that 
Arthur had given his son, except a grant 
made by Robert to the said Adam ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 378. About the same 
time Eva de Ashton, widow, released to 
Robert de Ashton some land ; ibid. no. 
433. Susan widow of one Robert de 
Ashton was plaintiff in 1277 ; De Banco 
R. 21, m. 27 d. 

Mabot, the widowed daughter of Robert 
de Ashton (then dead), gave her brother 
Robert all the land in Ashton given in 
free marriage when she espoused William 
son of Walter de Penwortham ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 455. A similar grant 
in 1282 seems to carry the descent a step 
further ; by it Maud daughter of Robert 
de Ashton released to her brother William 
de Ashton a toft and croft formerly be- 
longing to her uncle Ralph de Ashton ; 
ibid. no. 511. The same Maud, as 
widow of Robert de Newton, released to 
William son of Robert de Ashton all 
right to land which her father Robert had 
given on her marriage ; ibid. no. 489. In 
or about 1298 William son of Robert de 
Ashton gave to William de Lea, his lord, 
an acre in Ashton and all his part of the 
water of the Ribble ; ibid. no. 894. In 
1301 Henry son of William de Lea gave 
William son of Robert de Ashton all his 
lands, &c., in Ashton, reserving homages 
and services ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 27. 
Ten years later William son of Robert 
de Ashton gave Sir Henry de Lea his 
manor and all his lands in the vill of 
Ashton; Add. MS. 32106, no. 888. 
From the names of the attesting wit- 
nesses this was evidently a grant of special 
importance. 

Alice daughter of William son of 
Arthur, a widow, gave to Cockersand 
Abbey a moiety of her wood in Ashton 
and the carr of Tulketh ; Dods. MSS. 
cxlii, fol. 34^. The wardship of the heir 
of William de Ashton no doubt a later 
William was in 1291 given by Edmund 
(Earl of Lancaster) to Thomas le Sureys ; 
Add. MS. 32106, no. 494. 

Roger de Ashton seems to have in- 
herited the manor of Ashton, for it 
descended to Richard son of Roger, who 
in or about 1298 gave it to Henry son of 
William de Lea in exchange for land 
in English Lea and a sum of money. 
The remainders were to William and 
Thomas, brothers of Henry ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 890. In 1301 the said Henry 
granted his manor of Ashton to William 
his father, and William deputed his 
brother Henry de Lea to receive it 
accordingly; ibid. no. 897, 587. Another 
agreement describes the estate transferred 
by Richard de Ashton to Henry de Lea 
as two parts and the third of a third part, 
with the reversion of a third of two parts 
held in dower by Adam de ' Hoyton ' 



AMOUNDERNESS HUNDRED 



and one moiety or share was obtained by Lea and 
the other by Haydock. 44 The Lea portion descended 
like that manor to the Hoghtons, 45 and ceased to 
have any distinct history. Of the Haydock portion 
a part was given to a younger son, ancestor of the 
Haydocks of Cottam, and the remainder came to 
Alice and Aline, daughters and co-heirs of John 
de Haydock, and thus was divided between the 



PRESTON 

families of Travers of Nateby and Lawrence of 
Ribbleton. 46 The Travers manor was in 1625 sold 
to Hugh Rigby. 47 The history of the Lawrence 
share is unknown. 48 The Waltons of Preston also 
seem to have had part of the manor. 49 TULKETH 
in Ashton, where the monks of Savigny resided before 
they settled in Furness, 80 became a seat of the Travers 
family till the ijth century. 61 Afterwards it passed 



(Hoghton) and Avice his wife ; Dods. 
MS. cxlii, fol. 30*. It appears that Avice 
was the widow of Roger de Ashton ; De 
Banco R. 316, m. 466. 

44 The Hoghton charters have been 
given in the preceding note. The pro- 
portions held by the different lords seem 
to have varied. In 1324 Richard de 
Hoghton held a moiety of Ashton by the 
service of 51., while Lawrence Travers 
and William Lawrence (in right of their 
wives) held the other moiety by 51. also ; 
Dods. MSS. cxxxi, foL 396. 

In 1346, however, some readjustment 
had taken place, and while Sir Adam de 
Hoghton held a moiety of the manor (by 
the twelfth part of a knight's fee) he paid 
only 3*. yd. ; Edmund de Haydock, 
Thomas Travers and William Lawrence 
held a plough-land in socage by rents of 
2s. 6a". t y. \d. and $d. respectively ; 
Sur-v. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 46-8. Thus 
the ioj. rent was contributed by four 
partners, three of whom held the ' plough- 
land ' in socage while the other held a 
' moiety of the manor ' by knight's ser- 
vice. At the same time Lea was stated 
to be two plough-lands instead of one. 
Cottam seems to have been regarded as 
held of the lords of Ashton, so that Hay- 
dock contributed is. ^d. for the Hoghton 
moiety and it. $d. for that held of 
Lawrence and Trovers. In 1 3 54 William 
Lawrence held a fourth part of the 
manor ; Final Cone, ii, 141. 

In 1356 Sir Adam de Hoghton claimed 
his part of the manor, alleging that John 
son of Thomas Travers of Tulketh, Alice 
widow of William Lawrence and Thomas 
son of Geoffrey de Hackinsall had occupied 
parts of it ; Assize R. 441, m. 4 d. 

The extent made in 1445-6 shows a 
distribution of the lordship like that of 
1 346 ; Duchy of Lane. Knights* Fees, 
bdle. 2, no. 20. Roger Travers of Nateby 
had the fourth part of the manor in 1403 ; 
Kuerden MSS. iv, G zb. 

In 1301 various agreements were 
made by the partners in the vill. Robert 
de Haydock released to William de Lea, 
Henry his son and Richard de Ashton all 
right to their homage and services ; Add. 
MS. 32106, no. 474. William de Lea 
conceded a moiety of the manor to 
Robert de Haydock, viz. that moiety 
which Richard son of Roger de Ashton 
had given to Henry son of William de 
Lea ; ibid. no. 509. A partition of the 
manor-house seems to have accompanied 
these agreements ; the chamber to the 
east was given to Richard de Ashton, the 
whole of the hall to Robert de Haydock 
and the chamber to the west to William 
de Lea ; ibid. no. 507. Robert de Hay- 
dock was probably acting as trustee for 
his nieces. 

In 1324 an agreement was made be- 
tween Sir Richard de Hoghton, William 
Lawrence and Alice his wife on one side 
and Lawrence Travers and Aline his wife 
on the other ; ibid. no. 759. Another 
agreement was made in 1330 between 
Sir Richard dc Hoghton on the one side 
and Lawrence Travers and William Law- 



rence on the other as to the partition of 
certain meadows previously held by Avice 
de Howick ; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 30. 

44 The Hoghton family continued to 
acquire fresh portions of Ashton. In 
1329 William son of Richard del Greaves 
released all title in his father's lands to 
Sir Richard de Hoghton ; Add. MS. 
32106, no. 450. Robert the Graveson 
of Ashton in 1 348 transferred his lands 
(formerly Ralph the Tailor's) to Sir Adam 
de Hoghton ; ibid. no. 479. Four years 
later Cecily widow of Thomas de Ham- 
bleton and Thomas son of Henry son of 
John de Sidgreaves sold to Sir Adam lands 
which had belonged to Cecily's father ; 
ibid. no. 4801. She was daughter of 
Henry del Greaves, and 'her land lay in 
Dawfield in the hamlet of Greaves in the 
vill of Ashton ; ibid. no. 484, 6 1. 

John son of Gilbert son of Adam de 
Ashton in 1370 released to Sir Adam de 
Hoghton all claim on the inheritance of 
Roger de Ashton ; ibid. no. 477. 

Sir Richard Hoghton in 1422 held a 
moiety of the manor of Ashton by the 
twelfth part of a knight's fee and 31. yd. 
rent ; Lanes. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 
145. In 1580 Thomas Hogh ton's tene- 
ment in Ashton next Preston and Greaves 
was said to be held of the queen as of her 
Duchy of Lancaster by the third part of a 
fourth part of a knight's fee ; Duchy of 
Lane. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 26. 

The remainder of the manor of Ashton 
seems to have been acquired by 1595, 
when 'the manor' is named among the 
Hoghton estates ; Pal. of Lane. Feet of 
F. bdle. 57, m. 178. Sir Richard Hoghton 
died in 1630 holding the manors of Lea 
and Ashton of the king by the third 
part of a knight's fee ; Duchy of Lane. 
Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 13. The manors of 
Lea and Ashton appear together in later 
Hoghton settlements, e.g. Pal. of Lane. 
Plea R. 554, m. 12. 

46 The origin of the Haydock interest 
is not known. In 1285 Joan widow of 
John son of Henry de Haydock claimed 
dower in various lands against Henry de 
Haydock in Stainall and against Henry 
son of Henry de Haydock in Cottam, 
Ingol and Ashton ; De Banco R.