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This romantic but " plain, unvarnished tale " was neither picked up on a battle-field, 
nor found in a dead soldier's haversack, nor abstracted from the collection of military- 
souvenirs at Washington, West Point, or elsewhere ; nor was it collated from the mul- 
titudinous Histories or Fictions of the ever memorable campaign which gloriously culmi- 
nated in the reduction and surrender of the " Gibraltar of the Mssissippi," nor from 
the many " Lives " or biographies, of the heroes who behaved so gallantly during the 
great siege. Nevertheless, we find the !Mss. in our possession ; and, as we know of no 
one to claim its paternity, we take the responsibility of being its putative father; and 
if any one of its living characters feels aggrieved in being thus exhibited for the edi- 
fication of (he hopes) a million of readers, he asks their pardon, and holds himself in 
i-eadiness to make such amends or explanations as may be demanded by them, and 
absolutely due from him. J- J' 

Bkookline, a. d., 1868. 





Each night I fervently exclaimed, " God 
bless Virginia Graham ! " 

She was the Vivandiere of the gallant 
— ^th Regiment, Illinois Volunteers. I nev- 
er, since she was revealed to me, went into 
a battle or a sku-mish ; I never went on a 
march, or on a foraging or scouting expedi- 
tion ; I never bivouacked for a night, or ad- 
dressed myself to Somnus on the tented 
field, or in trench or barracks, without first 
invoking God's blessing on that bright and 
beautiful being, our brave, gentle, amiable 

I doubt not that there were others who 
entertained as deep an afiection for her as I 
did, and' would as willingly have risked their 
lives in her defence, but I am sceptical in 
beUeviug that there was another to whose 
mind she was onmipresent. 

On long, weary marches — during the mo- 
notonous hours and days in camp — ^in the 
din and heat of battle, or on the formal pa- 
rade, she was either present to my eye or 
mind. And I knew not why. My brain 
never wearied in thinking of her, nor my 
eyes in gazing upon her. 

Yet for all this I was married — married 
to one I most devotedly loved; and had 
parted from her, too, before the days of our 

honey moon had expu-ed, to join the patriot- 
ic army of the Union ; and stranger yet, 
whenever she was the subject of my medi- 
tation, the graceful Vivandiere would be 
certain to be her inseparable companion. 

I enlisted as a private, but for doing my 
duty at the battles of Shiloh and Pittsburgh 
Landing, — which duty my colonel styled in 
his despatches gallant services, — I was hon- 
ored with a second-Ueutenant's commission, 
and before the Grand Army had concentrar 
ted around and near Vicksburg, I had won 
a captain's commission, and had command 
of the color company of our regiment. 

Virginia, the Vivandiere, under an order 
superior to my own, quartered with my com- 
mand ; and that she might be constantly un- 
der such protection as I could afibrd her, 
she slept within my tent, which I divided 
mto two apartments by a piece of canvas 
that was stretched entu-ely across the centre ; 
and as a fm-ther protection, and to avoid all 
possibility of scandal, I permitted a negress 
— an intelligent contraband woman — Aunt 
Clemmy, as she was invariably called — to 
quarter with her. 

Aunt Clemmy was an indispensable per- 
sonage about the camp, for she contrived, 
with her own hands, to do the washing for 
all the officers of our regiment, and appar- 
ently with no extraordinary exertion. 

We had taken her from a deserted plan- 
tation, near Coiinth, at her own request ; 


and she was often heard to say that she had 
" radder brae de boots and scrub de clotlies 
ob de ossifers ob de Union army, dan wait 
'pon IMissus Talywanglee (her former mis- 
tress) in de parlor." 

I have yet to describe the person of our 
Vivandiere. To say that she was the hand- 
somest girl I ever beheld — notwithstandmg 
I sincerely aver it — will convey to my read- 
ers no conception of her peculiar chanus ; 
and, perhaps, they may diflfer with me in 
many essential particulars as to those points 
which constitute genume female beauty and 

To premise : Virginia Graham, I judged 
to be not less than eighteen nor more than 
nineteen years of age ; though anomalous as 
it may seem, she declared herself but a few 
weeks under twenty. 

She was in the full bloom of womanhood, 
of medium height, and though not in the 
least degi'ee masculine, her peculiar costume 
made her fi<mro somewhat resemble the 
stately Minerva rather than that of the 
sylph-like Venus. 

Her eyes were large, almond-shaped, blue 
as a cerulean sky and bright as sappliires, 
shaded by long, dark, silken lashes, and 
overarched by eyebrows that relieved a no- 
ble forehead of a small degi'ce of its intel- 
lectual proportions. 

Her featui-es, in profile view, resembled 
the Grecian type and the Grecian standard 
of female beauty, but a front view of her 
face disclosed an inexpressible sweetness, 
and at the same time an animated, Advacious 
expression even in its calm moments, but 
greatly heightened when conversing or sing- 
ing, — in both of which accomplishments she 
excelled — or while excited by gazing upon 
any imposing or merry scene. 

Her complexion was fair, with a slight 
tinge of brown upon her cheeks, indicating 
an exposui-e to the sun and an- of a warm 

She might have boasted of having pos- 
sessed, but recently, long tresses of dark 

brown curls, floating luxuriantly over her 
neck and shoulders, but on entering her 
present vocftion she had willingly p:u-ted 
with the surplus profusion, and now it was 
just long enough to curl naturally and thick- 
ly about her neck, and not rerpxiring either 
net or comb to keep it in its proper place. 

There was a dignified charm and simplic- 
ity in her whole demeanor that implied a 
self-relying determination neither to suspect 
or be apprehensive of evil. 

The consciousness of possessing superior 
channs there was a total absence of, as was 
plainly denoted in her frank, genial counte- 

Her form was symmetrical in all its pro- 
portions. Her step elastic and graceful, and 
when occasion required she could be as fleet 
of foot as the most active pedestrians of the 

Eiding horseback like another Die Ver- 
non, firing the rifle or pistol with the precis- 
ion of a practised mai-ksman, fencing with 
the small sword, or handling the musket like 
a drill sergeant, were not among the least 
prized or useful accomplishmefits of the field 
and camp, which our heroine possessed in a 
wonderful degree for one of her sex. 

The Vivandiere's costume deserves brief 
mention. When in full dress she wore a 
richly-embroidered Zouave jacket of dark 
blue cloth, to which was attached a full kir- 
tle just long enough to avoid the conceal- 
ment of a pan- of small feet and ankles, en- 
cased in hidi and wcU-fittinGr laced boots. 
This kiiile or sku't was of alternate stripes 
of red and white, running diagonally down- 
wards from the waist, and terminating with 
a stripe of aziu-e blue, oraamented with sil- 
ver stars, and encu-eling its entire lower cir- 
cumference. The zone about her waist also 
corresponded with the tennination of the 

This emblematical costume gave her the 
sobriquets of ' Little Union,' ' Stars and 
Stripe?,' ' Goddess of Liberty,' etc., among 
the soldiers. 


She wore a jaunty-lookmg straw hat — not 
unlike a style frequently worn by the maid- 
ens of the North — with tri-color ribbons 
streaming down the back from the crowTi, 
while in front the wing of an eaglet was 
gracefully set, and fastened by a circlet of 
tiny silver stars, in the centre of wliich was 
emblazoned the letter U, worked in gold 
thread, denoting her position in the regi- 

I<a Vivandiere was always well armed. 
She eaiTied by her side a light, well-tem- 
pered sword ; a brace of small, effective re- 
volvei's, concealed beneath her Zouave jack- 
et ; and a richly-eased, gem-hilted poniard, 
suspended &om the starry belt around her 

The never-faOing canteen, which gave life 
and vigor to many fainting waiTiors, hung 
beneath her left arm from a stout green cord 
slung across her right shoulder. 

When on the march, or on the battle 
field, she carried in addition to her canteen, 
a small, highly finished keg, of the capacity 
of half a gallon, and which vessel, no mat- 
ter how freely its contents were dispensed, 
appeared never to be empty ; indeed there 
was always a timely di-aught for the parched 
lips and throat of a wounded or fainting sol- 

I have thus described the heroine of my 
nan-ative as well as my limited command of 
language will permit, but it fails to do her 
justice ; her strength of character, her pow- 
er of accomplishing almost incredible things, 
and her many vii-tues, will be hereafter de- 
veloped in the eoui'se of my narration of the 
perilous scenes thi-ough which she passed, 
and in many of which I was an humble par- 

Dui'ing the houi-s off duty, I did not fail 
to obseiTe that Miss Graham was the almost 
inseparable companion of a drummer-boy, 
much younger than herself — a lad of four- 
teen or fifteen — a fine specunen of boyish 
beauty, intelligent and no doubt agi-eeable, 
or he woidd not have been favored with so 

much of our heroine's society, to the envy 
of more than half the regiment, myself in- 

Hany Robeson was the name of this for- 
tunate youth, and as he wfts accounted the 
best drummer in the drum-corps, and as val- 
iant a lad as ever broke away from a moth- 
er's apron strings, he was a universal favor- 
ite, both of officers and men, and his popu- 
larity gained him many brief foi'lougus, and 
other pri\dleges which, as far as possible, 
were divided with his female friend, and 
mentor, the sunbeam of our camp. 

My thoughts have been so absorbed in 
Virginia while penning this introductory 
chapter, that I have forgotten to inform the 
reader anything concerning myself, except 
my position as commander of the color com- 
pany of the — th Illinois Regiment. 

My name is Julian Manly. I was born 
in the city of New- York, in the year 1842, 
and of course have attained the age of 

In consequence of the financial embar- 
rassments throughout the country, culmina- 
ting just previous to my bu-th, my father 
was reduced from affluence to comparative 
poverty, and after striving diligently for the 
succeeding five years to recover a decent 
competency from the wreck of his fortune, 
he gave up despairingly, and removed to 
Gralena, Illinois, whore, after residing there 
about thfee years, my mother died in giving 
birth to a child. 

I was then about seven yeare old, but old 
enough to feel keenly the blow caused by 
bemg bereft of one of the most indulgent of 

The affliction which thus visited us was 
too much for my father, and after lingering 
for many months in a state well-nigh border- 
ing upon insanity, he died, and Avas bruded 
beside my mother. 

Fortunately for us, helpless orphans, we 
were befriended by two families with whom 
both my father and mother had enjoyed a 



long acquaintance, even before his removal 
to the great West. 

I was cared for by one of these families, 
sent to school, received an ordinary educa- 
tion, and at the 'age of sixteen was placed 
in the counting house of a lead mining com- 
pany, where I was kindly treated, well ap- 
preciated, and remained until I had attained 
my majority. 

The family wliich adopted ray almost in- 
fant sister had removed from Galena within 
a year after my father's death, and as I af- 
terwards learned, settled on the banks of 
the Ohio, near its confluence with the Missis- 
sippi. I had his name — Augustus War- 
land'; and as my little sister had been clu'is- 
tened Isabel — my mother's name — I sup- 
posed she would be called by those who 
adopted her — Isabel Manly Warland. 

After writing two or three letters to Mr. 
Warland, about the time I had attained my 
majority, and receiving not a syllable in re- 
turn, I resolved, before embarking in busi- 
ness, to go down to Cairo, and there, if pos- 
sible, learn the whereabouts of my sister's 
benefactor, and hence, the darting object 
nearest my heart. 

I embarked at Galena on a small steamer, 
and, after descending the Fevre River to its 
junction with the Mississippi, I transferred 
myself and luggage to one of the huge 
floating palaces that ply exclusively upon 
the great Father of ATaters, and after forty- 
eight hours steaming was landed at Cairo. 

I could not have arrived there at a much 
less inopportune time, for this embryo city 
was just then recovering from the effects of 
a severe inundation, which had driven the 
larger and better portion of the population 
into the interior, or hundreds of miles away. 

However, I had journeyed nearly seven 
hundred miles for a pui-pose, and that pur- 
pose was not to be abandoned until I had 
exhausted all reasonable efforts. 

No sooner liad I landed, or rather disem- 
barked from the steamer to a small row-boat, 
which conveyed myself and eifeets directly 

to the door of a hotel, than I sat about my 

The landlord, who had lived in Cairo but 
one season, and who swore most heartily 
that he would not tarry there another for a 
warranty deed of the wliole city, never heard 
of any such personage as Augustus War- 
land, and didn't believe there was any one 
of that name in the place ; and if there had 
been one there six months ago, it was not at 
all likely, if he possessed a decent modicum 
of common sense, that he was there up to 
that time ; for, as he remarked, most sol- 
emnly and not jokingly, tliat the population 
of Cairo, or at least eleven-twelfths of it, 
was ?i floating one, and would continue to 
be until the projected levee wa.s completed. 

I looked in vain for the name in the little 
printed dii'ectory of the place, and by the 
special favor of the landlord, I spent a half 
day in examining the registers of his hotel 
from the day of its opening, embracing a 
period of twelve years, with the faint hope 
that within this period, at some date, Mr. 
Warland might liave been a guest of the 
Steamboat Hotel. 

The only discovery I made in this labori- 
ous search was, that no less than .seventeen 
landlords had endeavored to " keep a hotel " 
beneath the roof which claimed me as a 

Some of these men had made the effort 
for three months only, others for sis months ; 
two or three had remained its proprietor for 
a twelvemonth, and one man had absolutely 
presided over the estabhshment for two long 

If those autograph volumes did not indi- 
cate the floating chai'acter of the inhabitants 
of Cau'o, I know not where to look for a 
more palpable indicator. 

Exliausting the records of the hotel, I 
sailed oyer to the post-oiSce, but the post- 
master was a new comer, and never heard 
of the name I mentioned ; was sure that no 
letter with that address had come through 
his hands ; and, moreover, he didn't care 



whether another mail should ever come into 
the city, for he had prepared his letter of 
resignation, and was going to vamose as 
soon as he could pack up his effects, and the 
dry land again appeared in the streets. 

I made inquiries for the oldest merchants 
or professional men of Cairo, but I learned 
that a residence of one season was the rule, 
and a residence there for one or two years 
was the exception. Indeed, I discovered, 
as I beheve, the oldest inhabitant after two 
days' inquiry and search. He had abso- 
lutely Uved and practised law in Caii-o for 
nearly three years. When he was at length 
discovered, and we met face to face, judge 
of my surprise when I found the oldest in- 
habitant — ^the patriarch of the town — to be 
a gentleman of about twenty-seven years of 
age. But he knew as little of the man I 
was seeking, as he knew of his predecessors 
at the bar of Alexander County, ten years 
prior to his admission to that hall of justice. 

After tarrying a week in the inundated 
city — a period much longer than the reader 
will appreciate — without gaining even a clue 
to the whereabouts of Mr. Warland or his 
family, I repau-ed to an obscure village a 
few miles distant, where I continued my in- 
quiries. I was about making up my mind 
that my errand must prove a fruitless one, 
when I accidentally fell in company with an 
old Dutchman, who seemed almost the per- 
sonification of Inning's Kip Van Winkle, 
on his return to Kaatskill from the moun- 
tain where he had slumbered for twenty 
lr\ng years. 

"Yaw — yaw — I know'd dat Mynheer 
Varland," said the venerable Teuton. " He 
Kved in tish village petter ash dwo, dree 
year ; den he goesh avay, aa never comesh 
pack no more." 

"Did you know him intimately?" I in- 

" Yaw, as veil as I knowed any oder 
mans. He pought von leetel bony ob me 
vonce, and zwei huntret tollars he gif me 
vor dat bony ; but ter bony vas von bretty 

animal, ah, almost ash bretty as de juno^rau 
— dat ish ter laty — vat I have seen ride him 
so many dimes." 

" How old was the young lady?" 

" Pout as old ash ter bony, and dat bony 
mnst have been nine or den year." 

" What was her name ? " 

" Veil, I dinks dey called her — ^let me 
dink — vat ish dat in ter pelfry ob ter breach 
haus ! Der tuyvel ! can't I dink ! Yaw,, 
yaw— Pell !— dey eaUed her PeU." 

My heart almost leaped to my mouth at 
the mention of the name of Bell, although 
the Dutchman pronounced it PeU, and it 
was many moments before I dared to contin-- 
ue my inquiries, for I saw by the expression 
of the Teuton's countenance that some mis- 
fortune had befallen the family of which we 
were speaking. At length I resumed my 
interrogatories : 

" Tell me and tell me truly — ^is Mr. War- 
land hving?" 

" Vel, I dinks he is, but I don't know." 

' ' Do you know whether any of his fam- 
ily died during their residence here or 
since? " 

"Vel, I knows noding — only I knows 
dat Mynheer Varland lost much proberty, 
and vent avay down de riber mitout stop- 
ping to pid his neighpors goot-pye. Dat's 
vot I knows — and dat ish all I knows, ash 
true ash dere ish a Gott in Himmel ! " 

To pursue my enquiries in that direction 
any farther I perceived would be fruitless, 
and, perchance might give offence to the 
simple-hearted old man ; so I bade him and 
the submerged city a final adieu, and after 
the lapse of three days was again in Galena, 
striving to forget my disappointments, and 
considering, with the aid and advice of my 
confidential friends, the kind of business I 
should embark in that would ensure the 
shoi-test, the safest, and the most honest 
road that leads on to fortune. 

I was not long in deciding. Lead, that 
dull, heavy metal, I must transmute into 
gold, and with gold to find happiness. I 



chose, as did the sagacious Bassanio, and in 
less than two years I was part proprietor of 
a mine, whicli proved a mine of wealth to 
me. The product of our mine was in great 
demand, and when the rebellion commenced 
Uncle Sara was our best customer. I had 
amassed tlie sum of two laundred thousand 
dollars before I was twenty-five. 

As I had done no real service to my 
country, save by making a few donations to 
our earliest volunteers, I resolved to make 
amends by giving my life, if needed, to the 
gi-eat cause of restoring the Union. After 
having put my affairs hi good order, and 
employed a proper person to take chai-ge of 
such business of mine as requu-ed attention, 
I enlisted as a private in the — th Ulbaois 

It is generally believed that my merits as 
a military man gained me my position as 
captain. It is certain that it was never 
sought by me, and I would willingly have 
resigned it to any subordinate who could 
have performed the duties better or as well 
as myself. 

Before the regiment marched I married 
Genevieve Langdon, a poor orphan girl, but 
highly intelligent and well educated. Her 
father had died but three months previously. 
He was, when in his prime, a lawyer of 
considerable note, and had a large practice ; 
but he was said to be strictly honest in his 
dealings with his fellow-men, hence his pov- 
erty. But he has left three sous and two 
daughters, and if sterhng merit is valuable 
he has left in them a more valuable legacy 
to* then' contemporaries on the stage of life, 
than if he had died a milUonaire. ■ IMy wife 
is one of them ; and though I parted with 
her on the tenth day after the nuptial cere- 
mony was perfoiiued, think not, reader, I 
appreciate her any the less. She is the 
bright jewel of my soul, notwithstanding the 
extraordinary interest I feel in La Vivan- 




I have stated that I was at the battle of 
Pittsburg Landing — the first great conflict 
of aiTns in which I was a humble participant. 

Our regiment in an early part of the day 
had acted as skirmisliers, Ijut in tlie after- 
no(p the division to which we were attached 
was drawn up in line of battle, and under 
our ever-victorious general we were led into 
the very tliickest of the conflict. 

Thi-iee we assaulted a much superior force 
to our own, and were repulsed with consid- 
erable slaughter. The fortunes of the day 
seemed to be against the Federal legions ; 
but there were heroes on that sanguinary 
field, and our brave leaders resolved upon 
another onslaught with -the almost forlorn 
hope of retrieving the losses we had made. 

Steadily, in the face of a line of batteries 
belching forth a storm of grape and canister, 
we marched ; and then came tlie order along 
the lines to " charge bayonets ! " 

With huzzas and yells that were heard 
above the roar of cannon, we charged upon 
the enemy's batteries, carried them at the 
point of the bayonet, and drove the artil- 
lerists and infantry that supported them from 
the position which they had so long and so 
obstinately mamtaincd. 

Tliis portion of the rebel forces were com- 
pelled to fall back towards the river, where 
they encountered such a terrific fire from 
the gunboats that they broke and nished 
from the field in great disorder. 

Our regiment encamped in a grove which 
skirted the field of our bloody operations. 
The calling of the roll by companies at tlie , 
close of that day was indeed a heart-rending -' 
duty, especially in the company to which I 
was attached. 

We went into battle eighty-four strong, 
and but fifty-two answered to their names. 

]My captain was killed outright, the first 



lieutenant had lost Ms arm, and oiir brave 
second lieutenant came near sharing the fate 
of the former ; but I believe his life was 
saved by my bayonet, which I thrust through 
the heart of a rebel officer as his sabre was 
about to fall upon his head. 

Of com-se those sad casualties made an 
early promotion from our ranks. The sec- 
ond Ueutenant became our commander — our 
orderly sergeant was made first lieutenant, 
and I was promoted to the rank of second 

Two drimimer boys had been assigned to 
our company on the morning of the battle. 
They were neither of them present at roll- 
call, but in less than half an hour afterwards 
the elder of the two appeared with the 
younger astride his back. The latter had 
been wounded in the foot, and a cannon ball 
had passed thi'ough both heads of his drum, 
a matter which seemed to give him greater 
pain than his wound, which, though not at 
all serious, somewhat impaired his powers of 
locomotion. I observed tears chasing each 
other down the cheeks of the eldest boy as 
he bore his younger companion past my tent. 

''Is" your comrade's wound serious?" I 

The youth halted, and gazing upon me 
for a few moments from the depths of his 
large blue eyes, now bedewed with gUsten- 
ing drops, rephed : " I fear that it is, for 
he cannot walk." 

*' Bear him into my tent," said I. " The 
hospital is fall. I wiU ask the surgeon to 
come here as soon as he possibly can. You 
look as though ready to sink to the earth." 

'' I am traly much fatigaied, for I have 
borne Harry nearly half a mile, and I am 
sm-e he's quite as heavy as I am." 

" Come in — come in," I said. " We 
can't stand upon official dignity on a day 
like this." 

"Thanks — a thousand thanks, lieuten- 
ant," replied the youth in a soft, feminine 
voice, at the same tune a deep drawn sigh 
escaped him. 

He entered my new quarters, and with 
my assistance we laid the wounded boy care- 
fully down upon the green turf. I despatched 
a messenger to the surgeon of our regiment, 
requesting his attendance at my tent the 
moment he was disengaged. 

" I think Harry's wound is not a very 
severe one," said the oldest, "perhaps I 
might dress it." 

" Oh, little can you know of wounds. 
We had best wait a few minutes for the 
surgeon," was my reply. 

We did wait, not only a few but a good 
many minutes ; and when nearly an hour 
had elapsed,.! was determined to endeavor 
to do something for poor little Harry, for I 
saw that delay made liim extremely nervous. 

" Oh, yes, I will help you," said his com- 
panion, as I sugge^ed my lack of skill in 

His foot had considerably swollen, which 
made it necessary for me to cut not only his 
boot, but his stocking from his foot. While 
I was doing this his companion had made 
quite a respectable bandage by sewing the 
parts of a handkerchief together which he 
had first torn into strips. 

The stocking was finally removed, and as 
the last piece was taken ^iF, the wound, 
which the stocking had stanched, re-opened, 
and a copious flow of blood came therefrom. 

" Quick ! " said I to my young assistant, 
" let me hart^e the bandage." 

He stepped forward — ^his eye fell upon 
the bleeding wound — he dropped the band- 
age, and staggering l)ack fell fainting to the 
earth. I could render him no assistance at 
that moment, for to leave little Harry bleed- 
ing for many minutes would have endan- 
gered his life. So I proceeded to place, 
first, some hnt on the wound, and then was 
proceeding to bandage it, when fortunately 
the sm-geon came in, and I placed my little 
patient in his charge, and proceeded to look 
after his tfnder-hearted companion. As I 
feared, he was perfectly unconscious, and I 



began to apply restoratives, but not with 
their usual effect. 

" What shall I do, doctor? Water, whis- 
key, or brandy does not seem to revive 

He looked away from his work for a mo- 
ment and gazed upon my patient. 

" No wonder he does'nt revive. Un- 
button that tight jacket — remove his belt — 
let him have a chance to breathe "? " was the 
sui-geon's quick reply. 

I unclasped the belt, unbuttoned his coat, 
removed a stiff leathern stock from his neck, 
and then proceeded to loosen a tight vest. 
Before I had finished this last operation, my 
patient began to breathe heavily, and made 
an effort at utterance. At that moment I 
leaped to my feet and uttered an exclama- 
tion of surprise. Befoie my eyes had pro- 
faned, my hand had assured me uninten- 
tionally that my patient was a woman ! — a 
fairer and more symmetrical neck and bosom 
never delighted the eyes of a sculptor. 

"Doctor, what's to be done?" I ejacu- 
lated in amazed tones. 

" Done? Why, bring her too, of course. 
You act as if you had never seen a famting 
woman," he replied. 

" I certainly never before saw one under 
such circumstances." 

" Ah, lieutenant, if you had been bred to 
my profession — a mender instead of hacker 
of limbs — you would not express such won- 
drous sui-prise in finding a woman where 
you expected to find a man. There, that 
job is done and well done," the doctor con- 
tinued, now addressing his young patient; 
" if you will be quiet a few days, my lad, 
I'U promise to set you right on your pegs 
again. Now, Ueutenant, (turning to me) 
we'll resuscitate this young damsel, who 
would be a soldier, in a few minutes. Ah ! 
she is well nigh recovered abeady," he said, 
as he felt her pulse and gazed into her beau- 
tiful face. " I think with kind nursing 
from you, lieutenant, she will get along very 
well. I've had one similar case since the 

l)attle, and may find another before my 
night's work is accomplished." 

"What?" said I, whispering, " you do 
not me£m to say there has been another dis- 
covery similar to this ? " 

"Precisely, sir; in the — th Michigan 
cavalry, too. Oh ! it's no rare thing in this 
war. ^Vhy, I'd wager my lancet-case against 
a jack-knife that there are a half score, aye, 
a score, of disguised women in Gen. Grant's 
command ; and five out of six of these en- 
listed solely for the purpose of being near 
their husbands or lovers. Good night, sir ; 
I'll call and see the boy in the morning." 

With these words our active, hard-work- 
ing surgeon hurried from the tent, leaving 
me quite in solitude, for the boy was snoring 
lustily under the influence of chlorofonn, 
while my damsel-drunmier had not yet come 
to a realization of her present condition, or 
of the discovery which had been made. I 
almost trembled at the thouglit that she might 
reproach me for the liberty I had taken in 
exposing her sex, while in a state of uncon- 
sciousness, and had I thought it possible to 
have buttoned her vest again without her 
being conscious of it, I certainly should have 
attempted it, for I honestly desired that she 
might remain in bUssful ignorance of my 
accidentally-discovered knowledge. 

In a. few moments she opened her large, 
lustrous eyes, and after gazing about the 
tent as if to recall her senses, she said : 

"Yes — ^yes — I remember. HowisHarr^ 
— poor boy — I trust he's better? " and she 
gazed upon me with an anxious, inquiring 

* " The lad is sleeping quietly," I rephed, 
and immediately added — ' ' The sui-geon has 
been here and dressed his wound. He pro- 
nounces the injury a trivial one, and says 
he will be able to walk again in a very few 
days if he can lie perfectly quiet." 

" Oh, thanks to the doctor, and to you, 
too," she added, rising slightly from her 
recumbent position, and noticing, for the 
first time, the disordered state of her dress ; 



and wWle she nervously drew together the 
vest to conceal the charms which had been 
exposed, she gazed upon me with a suspi- 
cious expression which almost gave me pain. 

" I — I — that is — you — not I — I mean to 
say, madame, that you fainted ! " was my 
stammering, blundering speech, which un- 
wittingly betrayed my knowledge of her 

" Her face, which but a few moments be- 
fore was of almost alabaster whiteness, was 
now of a crimson hue. She collected her 
scattered senses and burst into a flood of 
tears. I endeavored to console her, but I 
was too much agitated myself to afford her 

" Oh, sir ! " she at length said, sobbingly ; 
*' pity me and do not betray my secret ! I 
am but a poor helpless gu'l — an orphan — 
and — but no matter — I cannot impart to a 
stranger my hapless story." 

•' I have not sought to know your secret ; 
and beheve me, before you had swooned in 
a state of unconsciousness I had no thought 
of your being other than one of my own 
sex. In endeavoring to restore you the real 
fact forced itself to my knowledge. Pardon 
me — I could not avoid — " 

" Oh, sir, pardon me for having given 
you so much trouble," she said, interrupting 
my speech. "I can repay you only with 
gratitude ; but let me beseech you not to 
betray my sex ! " 

"You may rely upon me, be assured. 
Yet, if you will permit me to offer a word 
of advice, you will not object to my revealing 
this discovery to the commanding general, 
that I may obtain your discharge ; and it 
shall then be my duty to restore you to your 
friends, wherever they may reside." 

"You are very kind, sir; but it is my 
earnest desire to remain with the regiment. 
I cannot leave poor Harry Robeson. He is 
the best friend I have in the world. I can- 
not, sir, leave him." 

" Perhaps, as he is wounded, I may also 
obtain his discharge," I suggested. 

"It must not be," she replied, with an 
anxious, nervous look. " That he may re- 
main with the regiment will be our earnest 

There was something in her manner, and 
in the expression of her beautiful counte- 
nance, which convinced me that all my per- 
suasiveness could not change her determina- 
tion. Yet I ventured to describe the hard- 
ships she would be compelled to undergo ; 
the dangers of the field, the march, and the 
bivouac ; the almost certainty that, sooner 
or later, her sex must be discovered ; and 
finally, and above all, the rude life she would 
have to lead among soldiers who were not 
fitted for the companionship of one so gentle, 
so fair, so intellig-ent and refined as she ap- 
peared to be. 

" I know all — I have counted the cost- 
but my motives outweigh all," was her only 
reply to my strong suggestions. 

" If it be your only desire to remain with 
the regiment, why not doff those unbecoming 
habiliments and don those of a fashion that 
will become a woman?" said I, sugges- 
tively, as an idea struck me which I thought 
she might possibly consider with some favor. 

"Because there would be no servioe 
which could be assigned to a young, inexpe- 
rienced girl like me. In an army women 
are wanted only for hospital nurses, for 
washing officers' clothing, or for other labo- 
rious duties, which I should not be compe- 
tent to perform. 

" You are quite right. It is a pity that 
our regiments, like those of France, are not 
accustomed to have Vivandieres. Such a 
position you may well be adapted for." 

"Ah, yes! Indeed, I should like that 
position beyond all places else ; but it is not 
to be for a moment presumed that such a 
character would be allowed in any regiment 
of this army." 

" I am not quite so certain of that. Our 
general is an approachable man, kind and 
noble-hearted ; and will oftentimes stretch a 
point beyond the prescribed regulations. 



when, by so doing, and without detriment to 
the service, he can bring- happiness out of 

A ray of hope and gratitude illumined the 
transcendantly-beautiful gud, at the possi- 
biUty that arrangements might be made by 
which she could remain with the regiment, 
don the garments of her sex, and be useful 
to soldiers in the hours of their extremest 

" I perceive that the suggestion pleases 
you," I resumed, "and therefore, on the 
first opportunity the matter shall be brought 
before our generous-hearted general. Mean- 
while, accept the hospitalities of my tent. 
To-night I shall be on guard duty, and may 
not have an opportunity to visit you before 

She expressed her gratitude in the strong- 
est language, and I bade her " good night," 
for I knew that my presence, with the scanty 
accommodations for sleeping would much 
embarass my charming incognito. 

The following day the ever-memorable 
battle of Shiloh was fought, which gave me 
no opportunity whatever to visit my quarters 
until late in the evening. 

In the early part of the day both my cap- 
tain and first lieutenant were killed, and I 
foiind myself in command of the company 
in which I was but a private twenty-four 
hours previous. 

A desperate bayonet charge was made 
early in the afternoon, upon a strong battery 
supported by infantry, and it was our com- 
pany's good fortune to be a little in advance 
of the line. We caused the enemy to re- 
treat hastily, and captured a stand of colors. 
In tliis charge I received a bullet in the arm, 
but binding the wound instantly with my 
handkerchief, it gave me but little or no in- 

The general, with his stafi", rode up a 
moment aftei'wards, halted before my com- 
mand, which I drew up in tolerable order 
and presented arms. He saluted, and con- 
gratulated me on our " great success," as 

he was pleased to term it, and concluded by 
saying — 

" Young man, consider yourself promoted. 
Such gallant conduct shall never go unre- 
warded while U. S. G. commands." 

With these words he hastened on to ani- 
mate and urge forward the less precipitate 
portions of the charging line. At the point 
of the bayonet the rebels were driven far 
distant from the strong position they had 
occupied during the morning, and left us 
masters of the field. 

The onset was a traly desperate one ; we 
lost heavily, but it gave us the victoiy — a 
victory that dearly and forcibly taught our 
boasting; foe that the "mudsills" of the 
North and West were fully the er^uals of the 
" chivalric sons of the South," iu all that 
pertains to courage, energy and strategy. 

Half famished and half exhausted with 
the fatigues of the day — for we had not 
rested or partaken of food since the morning 
— we were ordered to stack. ai-ms and bi- 
vouac on the field we had so gallantly won. 
Rations were served while guard mountino; 
was going on, and then the troops found re- 
pose and rest on the battle-ploughed giound, 
with no other covering than the illuuitable 
space above. 

But my duties for the night were not 
done. A large detail was made to accom- 
pany our wounded to the rear ; and another 
to bury the heaps of slain. 

It fell to my lot to command the former 
for our reiiriment, and late in the eveninjirwe 
reached the camping-ground we had chosen 
on the previous night. 

The moment that my last duty was per- 
formed I staggered faintingly and almost 
sick towards my quarters. I should have 
fallen to the earth at the threshold of the 
tent, had not my fair guest met me at the 
moment, and taking a firm grasp of my right 
arm, sustained me to a soldier's couch she 
had prepared for my reception. 

She had anticipated my wants, and had 
prepared for me an invigorating beverage 



wliicli bad an immediate revivifying effect, 
and also some food that gave me strength. 

" You are wounded," said she, with some 
alarm, noticing that I took off my coat with 
great care, and also the handkerchief which 
was bound round my left arm. 

" But slightly," I replied. 

" I will run for the surgeon." 

"First, tell me how your little friend 
Harry gets on? " 

" Oh, well," she replied; "he is doing 
much better than I anticipated. He mani- 
fests no mipatieuce whatever, and obeys the 
surgeon's instructions so implicitly that be 
will quite rocov6r in a few days," and she 
hastened off to the surgeon's quarters, whom 
she persuaded to come at once notwithstand- 
ing his bands were full of patients at the 

The doctor was an adept in bis profession. 
A removal of the bandage, an examination 
and probing of the perforation — the inser- 
tion of an instrument that brought forth the 
leaden sphere — the closmg of the wound 
with a viscous salve — the winding about of 
a bandage, and the work was done. 

" Does it give you pain ? " he asked. 

" None that can deprive me of a sound 
sleep for this night at least," I replied. 

" Keep the arm in a sling for a few days ; 
have the wound dressed daily, and, take my 
word for it, it will not trouble you long." 

After a minute's conversation with the 
surgeon with reference to the casualties 
of the day, be took his leave, and I was 
again the only companion of Virginia Gra- 
ham, alias Oscar Shelby, (the name I after- 
wards learned she represented on the muster- 
roll,) and the sleeping Harry Robeson. 

" I will go to the quarters of the drum- 
corps," said she. " Harry will sleep, I thinlc, 
until morning, when I shall beg the privilege 
of coming to your tent to see him, and to 
thank you for permitting him to remain 

"Ah, but you forget that I am captain 

now, and I have detailed you to be his 
nurse. You must not leave him." 

I saw by the expression of anxiety and 
tenderness upon her countenance, that she 
would infinitely prefer remaining with him, 
but if I read aright she felt a little delicacy 
in remaining under the same canvas with 
me now that her sex was revealed. She was 
embarrassed, and she feared to cause me 
embarrassment. To reassui-e her, I spoke 
thus plainly : 

"Give me your entire confidence, and 
beUeve me it shall not be abused. If you 
go to your comrades, at least as rude as 
myself, their very ignorance of your sex 
might compel your ears to be shocked by 
ribald jests or unbecoming language ; and, 
although you may have kept your secret 
long and well, yet you run the possible risk 
of its being discovered. Here you shall be 
treated and respected as if you were under 
the care and protectorship of a brother in- 
stead of a stranger. The blanket shall di- 
vide our tent for the night. To stretch it 
across will require your assistance." 

With my sound arm I unstrapped from 
my knapsack a piece of canvas, which we 
managed with little trouble to suepend from 
two sides of the tent, dividing the space, 
leaving a cosy corner for my guest. 

While this little domestic arrangement of 
my temporary household was being made, 
she spoke not a word ; but when all was fin- 
ished, and she saw how admbably it was 
adapted to the peculiar circnmstancos, her 
heart, full to .bursting, gave way to a flood 
of tears. 

"Do not thus afflict yourself," I said, 
with a tenderness really felt. 

" Ah, sir," she replied sobbingly ; "these 
are not tears of affliction ; they are tears of 
joy — of gratitude — gratitude to you, sir." 

She bade me an affectionate "good night," 
and with a trusting heart sought that repose 
which she so much requned after the mental 
and physical fatigue she had endui'ed. 

That night," in my inaudible prayer for my , 



loved one at home, I did not forget the fair 
beins: whom Providence had thrown under 
my care ; and before I was lulled into the 
land of visions, I made a resolution that I 
would assume protectorship over her while 
she remained with the army — that I would 
act towards her only as an affectionate 
brother would act towards his sister. 

I had a dream — a sweet dream — that 
night, I would here relate it, did it not 
foreshadow, in many essential particulars, 
the sequel of this narrative. The effect of 
the vision upon my mind did not in any de- 
gree tend towards changing the course of 
conduct I had marked out ; for, like the 
Hibernian, I fully believed that " drames 
always go by contbraries." 


KAJon jenefer's impertinence — THE gen- 

The quaking of the earth by the morn- 
ing gun aroused me from a refreshing slum- 
ber ; the I'cveille was beaten within a dozen 
yards from my quarters, and when I went 
forth to assume my duties I was not a little 
surprised to find my charming incognita — 
with a countenance gleaming with youth, 
beauty and even gladness — beating the drum 
as energetically as any boy of the coi-ps. 

She gave me a single glance, expressive 
of a grateful heai-t, and then resumed her 
miUtary bearing. It was strange to me, as 
I now looked upon her, that I did not be- 
fore penetrate the simple disguise which 
made her appear to the casual observer as 
of another sex ; and I also wondered that 
her young companions of the drum could 
be so bhnd as to suppose that that easy, 
graceful fonn, those angelic features, those 
small hands with the taper fingers, those 
feet and ancles, so symmetrically fashioned, 
belonged to one of their own sex. I was 
sure such a secret could not long be kept, 

and for her sake I was more firmly deter- 
piined that she shoukl appear in propria 
personce as soon as the first preliminary in 
my plan could be gained. 

It was no part of my prpgi-amme that she 
should again appear with the drum-corps ; 
but I had forgotten that I had taken no 
steps to relieve her from her position ; and, 
like a true soldier, she appeared at reveille 
to perform her duty. 

The moment parade was dismissed I beck- 
oned her towards me, and we entered our 
quarters together; but at tlie threshold I 
was startled, and an icy coldness crept 
through my veins, as the dark, basiUsk eyes 
of the major of our regiment met mine, with 
an expression which seemed to say : — I have 
discovered your secret. Captain Manly — 
enjoy it 'while you can — there '11 be a bril- 
liant denouement soon. 

He was standing within twelve ffeet of me, 
and I was satisfied that he had gazed upon 
my incognita with libdinous eyes — an offence 
for which I folt that he deserved to have a 
bullet sent to his heart. 

Jefferson Jenefer began his military ca- 
reer as major and was a major still, and 
there was little hope of his promotion, for 
he had been "jumped " twice. 

He had served in every battle in which 
the regiment had been engaged, but his 
conduct had been such as not to have inspu"- 
ed the confidence of his superiors, nor had it 
been such as to warrant an enquiry therein. 

He was one of those negative characters 
who never hold opinions of their own, and 
who are ever sufficiently careful of their 
actions as not to merit absolute denuncia- 
tion. He never refused to obey an order, 
but if there was danger in its execution, he 
was sure to see that it was performed by his 

In battle, when dangers did not shower all 
about him, he played a most gallant part ; 
but when it came to the " tug of war," our 
major was sure to be in the rear with a terri- 
ble attack of the colic or rheumatism. 




On one occasion a chance ball had grazed 
the pommel of his saddle ; — a sharp cut 
across the left wi'istband of his coat, he attest- 
ed, was made by the same bullet. Nobody 
disputed liim, but he was not believed. 

Yet he was a mau of good addi-ess, of pre- 
possessing appeai-ance, and evidently born 
and bred to be a gentleman ; but he had 
mistaken his vocation when his doubtful pat- 
riotism led him to join the army; and the 
governor who signed his commission must 
either have done it from sheer favoritism, or 
he was most egi-egiously imposed upon by 
Jenefer's friends, or by Jenefer himself. 

He had studied law at the university and 
?vas admitted to practice in the coui-ts of Illi- 
nois, but he never practised at any bar where 
whiskey was not dispensed, and knew no law 
except the law of games laid down by Judge 

In brief, he was a notorious gamester — 
an artful roue — an accomplished villain; 
though he possessed not sufficient courage 
to play the assassin, the bui-glar or the pick- 

Such was the man — although I then was 
not fully aware of the dark traits of his chai- 
acter — who had, as I felt sure, penetrated 
the veil of a mystery which other shrewd ob- 
servers had failed to do. From that moment 
he was my most hated enemy, and I sudden- 
ly conceived the notion that through his di- 
abolical acts I should be forced to endui-e 
much trouble. 

That glance — that smgle, meanmg glance 
—had given me the most torturing suspicions ; 
and for several minutes a crowd of imagmary 
evils so pressed upon me that any but a com- 
placent expression must have Imgered upon 
my features, and it was noticed by my com- 
panion, for she said to me the moment we 
were within the tent : 

" You look not well. Captain Manly." 
I shook off my anxious forebodings, and 
replied : 

" Oh, yes, I never was in better health ; 
a refreshing sleep last night has quite restored 

me ; and as for this trifling perforation oS 
my arm, be assured it shall in no way inter- 
fere with my duties. I trust that you are 
equally well, for you looked the picture of 
health while beating the reveille this morn- 
ing, a duty which I did not mean that you 
should again perform." 

" But you are not angry with me for do- 
ing my duty?" 

"Oh, no ; rather am I angry with myself 
that I have not before this sought to relieve 
you. But how is Harry this morning ? " ' 
"His wound heals rapidly ; I dressed it 
before reveille, and, as you perceive, he 
sleeps again," she answered, as she raised a 
little curtain which she had hung up'before 
his couch. 

" Sleep is good for him," I remarked ; and 
then, after a silence of some moments, during 
which the major was uppermost in my 
thoughts, I asked : " Do you know Major 

" Only as privates know their officers, " 
she replied. "Yet, " she continued, after 
a moment's hesitation, "he spoke to me for 
the first tune this morning, and very kindly, 
too, for he enquired after the health of Har- 

" Have you no suspicion that he has dis- 
covered your secret? " I asked. 

That complacent expression suddenly gave 
way to a doubtful, anxious look ; a slight 
tremor was perceptible, agitating her whole 
frame ; and it was likewise indicated in the 
tones of her voice, when she said, after near- 
ly a minute's hesitation : 

"I certainly had none — ^but now, I ffeel 
that that man has indeed discovered that 
which I would conceal from all but you and 
little Harry, who know all." 

" Beware of hun," I remarked. " Iknow 
but little of him, but I feel that he is capa- 
ble of working much mischief." 

" I shall be guided in my conduct. Cap- 
tain Manly, soley by you, for in you I re- 
pose all confidence. I feel that your friend- 
ship is real — that yoxir sympathy is genuiac 



— that whatever you do I shall regard as 
right and proper. Yet, do not sacrifice a 
SHigle principle, a slight comfort, or bui'then 
yourself with anxieties for me ; for, as much 
as I stand in need of a protecting arm, I 
would not willingly monopolize a thought or 
a moment of time that could in any possible 
way be a disparagement to your comfort or 

' ' I think that you would not— I feel that 
you would not," I replied, with emphasis; 
" and, to be as frank with you as you have 
been with me, I must say, with all sincerity, 
that it seems as if it were a selfish principle 
that incites me to look after your welfare and 
pnymote your happiness. It is a feeling 
which I cannot account for, though I am cer- 
tain it is an honest one. I might mistrust 
myself were it not that — as you have ah*eady 
been informed — my heart is as fervently 
bound up with that of another as ever a lov- 
er's was for his mistress ; and sooner than 
violate, in the slightest degi-ee, the solemn 
pledge that I made to her at the altar, I 
would place this loaded pistol to my temple 
and blow out my brains." 

" I believe you," she said, with earnest- 
ness, extcndmg her hand, which I siezed and 
pressed involuntarily to my lips. I should 
have done the same thing had the adored 
partner of my life been present. 

We now seemed to understand the true 
relations in which we stood towai'd each other ; 
but I confess I was at fault in understanding 
myself so far as relates to the irresistible, un- 
accounfcdjle interest I had conceived in this 
adventurous, beautiful bemg, who had acci- 
dentally become linked, as it were, with my 

At an hour when I knew that the general 
commanding our division was approachable 
by officers of the Ime, I wended my way to- 
wards his quarters, and gained a ready ad- 
mittance into his presence. As I pa.ssed in 
Major Jenefer passed out. His en-and, I 
felt impressed, boded no good to me or my 
fair friend. His big, black eyes met mine 

with an exulting stare, and I returned it 
with a scowl of defiance. 

The general, fortunately, was alone. I 
saluted him with an air of dignified respect, 
which he returned, and then bade me be 
seated on a camp-stool near him. 

" Capt Manly," said he, " you were the 
la-st man in my thoughts," and as if he di- 
vined the purpose of my visit, ho added — 
" Major Jenefer has been here." 

" Yes, general ; but I know not that this 
fact can have any connection with my. mis- 
sion here." 

" Perhaps not, captain, perhaps not; but 
to be frank with you, I will toll you that bis 
errand here has near relation to you." 

" He has informed me that you have in 
your quarters a woman in the disguise of a 
dnimmer-boy. If so, you need not be told 
that it is contrary to the rules of the service ; 
that it is a violation that cannot be tolerated, 
and must compromise the character and 
standing of every officer who dares indulge 
in it." 

He spoke bluntly and earnestly, and for 
a few moments quite confused me ; but re- 
assuring myself, and taking time to frame a 
truthful and respectful reply, I said : 

" Major Jenefer has, indeed, told you the 
truth ; and perhaps he deserves commenda- 
tion for being so prompt a tale-bearer." 

' ' Be cautious in your language towards a 
superior officer," suggested the general. 

" Pardon me, general ; I only desired to 
say that he has shown more zeal and alacrity 
than myself in revealing to you the simple 
truth that a drummer-boy, who was acciden- 
tally thi'own upon my protection at the close 
of our first day's battle, turns out to be a 
young, accomplished, and beautiful girl. 
The discovery was made in the presence of 
the surgeon of our regiment, who will attest 
to the circumstance. She had fainted and 
become unconscious while the doctor was 
examining the wound of a boy of not more 
than fourteen years of age, to whom she ap- 



pears to be rauch attached. I undertook the 
task of restoring to consciousness the person 
whom I supposed to be a boy, but in loosen- 
ing the wardrobe the interesting fact was 
revealed to me." 

' ' This gives a new phase to the matter ; 
but the major intimated that this disguised 
person had been a sharer of your quarters 
for some time ;* and that you were on such 
terms as could not fail to give good cause 
for suspicion of improper conduct." 

" Then I charge him with being a prying, 
meddling busy-body — a slanderer — a " 

" Beware, captain ; it were better for you 
to use these harsh invectives to the major's 
face than to me. I desu"e only to know the 
truth — confine youi-self exclusively to the 
matter which brought you here. I will lis- 
ten patiently." 

This reproof served to appease my rising 
anger. I then commenced a narration of 
not only the prominent fiicts, but all the 
minor details, from the moment that the two 
drammers became an object of interest to 
me, not even neglecting to rehearse, as near 
as I could remember, all the conversation 
that passed between us ; and also the wishes 
she had expressed after her secret was made 
known, and the resolve I had made to re- 
veal the facts, in confidence, to my general, 
and intercede for her in that which I had 
suggested for her welfare, with her full ac- 
quiescence, while she remained with the 
regiment, or in the army." 

The heroic man listened with evident in- 
terest to my simple story, and replied, — 

' ' Your tale is quite romantic, captain ; 
and as I make it a rule of life never to act 
without full knowledge of a subject, I shall 
at this time neither refuse nor grant your 
request. Without doubting the truth of 
your story, my caution impels me to summon 
hither immediately the .surgeon of your reg- 
iment. Meanwhile go to your own quarters 
and send hither this drummer-girl. Let her 
come in the disguise which she has assumed. 
Furthermore, let me caution you against 

having any communication, either personal 
or otherwise, with Major Jenefer ; for I per- 
ceive that your temperament is of that Hot>- 
spur nature which cannot brook an insult." 

Thanking him for giving the matter as 
favorable a consideration as could have been 
expected, I saluted him, passed out of the 
tent, and hastened to my own quarters, with 
the intention of sending my fair one to the 
general without delay ; but owing to a sug- 
gestion from her — after I had communicated 
the results of my visit — that she had better 
wait until after the surgeon's interview with 
the general ; and also, -because, in my ab- 
sence, she had prepared a nice breakfast, 
that was then in waiting, I of course yielded. 

Our breakfast of coffee, eggs, jerked 
beef and " hard tack," was discussed with 
a relish ; the more so, perhaps, from the fact 
that the third member of my young military 
family was enabled to partake of it with us. 
Yes, little HaiTy was in the best of spirits 
to think that his companion and himself bad 
fallen into such good hands, and into such 
comfortable quarters. 

As soon as breakfast was over the object 
of my solicitous regard re-anlmged her toilet 
with a little more care than drummer-boys 
are wont to take, and sallied forth towards 
the divisionary head-quarters. She stepped 
with quite a martial air, and there was that 
in her whole demeanor which savored of con- 
fidence in herself that she could not fail in 
tLe mission she had undertaken ; although, 
for the first time, she was going into the gen- 
eral's presence ; and also, in disguise, and 
fully aware that her long-kept secret had 
been divulged to him. 

She had not been absent ten minutes ere 
I Ijegan to be impatient for her return. To 
pass away the time I chatted with Harry 
Robeson, whom I found to be an agreeable 
little fellow, and intelligent beyond his years. 
I ventured two or three times to draw him 
into conversation touching his affectionate 
companion ; but quite in vain — ^he avoided 
that topic with the skill of a diplomatist. 



I looked at him many times with unusual 
penetration, lest I might be deceived as to 
his sex; but that was now impossible — I 
could not be deceived again ; there was not 
in fact a feminine quality about him — he 
was boy from the crown of his head to the 
sole of his foot — coarse-featured, coarse- 
limbed, ruddy complexion and rough voice ; 
but for all these he was a stui-dy, fine-look- 
ing, noble youth ; just such a specimen of 
our race as might make, twenty years hence, 
an able statesman, a general of an army, or 
the admiral of a fleet. 

Fifty minutes elapsed — it seemed two 
hours — when my fair guest returned. I 
gazed into her countenance for the evidence 
of complete success in her mission, but I 
was puzzled — I could read neither failure 
nor success. 

She handed me two official-looking envel- 
opes. One was directed to me and sealed. 
The other contained no superscription, and 
was not sealed. I read the latter fii-st. Its 
substance was, gi^nng to Vuginia Graham 
permission to remain in the army, attached 
to the — th Ptegiment Illinois Volunteers, as 

" Why, is not this all that you desired ? " 

"0, yes, but I almost feared that there 
may be some conditions in that letter to you 
which will render the position less desirable. 
I would not be separated from Harry ; neith- 
er would I " 

She hesitated. 

I broke the seal of my letter and read its 
brief contents. It was as follows : 

" To Capt. Manly. — To avoid scandal, 
the Vivandiere, Miss Virginia Graham, must 
be provided with quarters suitable for one of 
her sex. Otherwise the penuission she holds 
to remain in the army must be revoked. I 
would suggest the propriety of obtaining 
some reputable elderly woman about the 
camp, (though I confess to my chagiin such 
persons are exceedingly scarce.) to quarter 
with her, or, what would be better stiU, a 
"eontraband woman," who would be her 
protectress as well as servant. I am sure 

your charming protegee is a lady of good 
parentage and correct principles, but there 
is a mystery attached to her which, perhaps, 
better remain with her, as she has sufficient 
intelhgence, I think, to guide her actions 
aright If I was pained with any suspicions 
touching your own motives, I am now most 
happy to say that I am cntuely reUeved of 

This brief epistle was in the general's own 
hand-wi'iting, and was marked " Confiden- 
tial." There was a postscript attached which • 
simply read — " The Vivandiere must be en- 
tered on the muster-roll. Rank, pay and 
rations, same as sergeant." 

Without reading this note to her whom 
my commander had styled ray protegee, I 
explained to her the conditions wliich it pre- 
scribed. They were precisely what my own 
sense of propriety had already conceived, 
though I scarcely knew where to look for a 
suitable person to be her companion ; and it 
is due to her to state that she had likewise 
considered the subject, a fact which I subse- 
quently learned fi-om Harry Robeson. 

" The conditions are by no means insui> 
mountable," said I, after ray brief explana- 
tion ; " and as soon as battaUon drill is over 
I will make it my business to make inqui- 
ries and look about the camp." 

" You are too kind ; but that trouble I 
can save you. There are several women in 
the employ of the sutlers, one of whom I 
have already in my mind, and who can be 
induced for a consideration to occupy my 
quarters at least for the night" 

•' Engage her at any price, and I will be 
responsible for the expense." 

"You shall be relieved of all pecuniary 
liabihty on my account, for I have plenty of 
money, as you shall be convinced;" she 
rephed, as she thrust her hand into a deep 
pocket and produced a handful of gold. 
" When this is gone I' have more in as good 
cmTcncy as Uncle Sam can supply. Oh ! 
I am so happy that everything can be satis- 
factorily arranged." 



" But there is one thing you have not yet 
thought of." 

" Wliat can it be ? Surely I have tried to 
think of everything." 

" You must doff" the uniform of the driun- 
mer-boy, and don that of a Vivandiere." 

" Just as though a woman should have 
no thought of her dress," she said laugh- 
ingly. " Why, it is contraiy to the law of 
nature, captain. One of my sex might for- 
get to eat until she was starving, and to 
drink until her tongue was parched for lack 
of moisture, but she could never forget, un- 
der any circumstances, her wardrobe. In 
my knapsack I have a scanty supply, as you 
shall soon be convinced." 

She left me and retired to her corner of 
the tent, and in the course of twenty min- 
utes re-appeared, attired in a dark, simple 
dress, which was extremely becoming. AU 
appearance of boyishness had disappeared, 
and she now stood before me a beautiful 
being, just in the bloom of young woman- 

" But that dress will not answer the pur- 
pose of a Vivandiere," I remarked, as I 
gojied upon her with admiration and pride. 

Ah, but it must answer until an appro- 
priate costume can be made for me, and I 
assure you that it is already fashioned in my 
Blind ; and if the proper materials can be 
furnished from the sutler's stores, I shall not 
be long wanting a dress that shall be becom- 
ing to my new position." 

As she spoke she placed upon her head a 
Btraw hat, decorated with ribbons and the 
white wing of a dove, which gave an addi- 
tional charm to a face already radiant with 

"I'll he back soon, captain. Good-bye, 
Hiu-ry. Don't be impatient if I should hap- 
pen to be absent the whole of half an hour," 
she said, as she walked forth, now bearing 
herself with the grace of a sylph rather than 
with that martial air she had assumed when 
niai'ching towai'ds the general's head quar- 
ters an houi- previously. 

I could not refrain from following thia 
strange, beautiful and fascinatmg being with 
my eyes until she had disappeared from my 
view by turning down one of the tent-bor- 
dered streets which ran at right-angles from 
the broad avenue on which my tent was 
pitched ; but it gave me no pleasure to wit- 
ness a hundred pairs of curious eyes also 
gazmg upon her, and probably their owners 
wondeiing at the appearance of such a beau- 
tiful vision within the lines of that city of 
canvas, guns and gunpowder, and inhabited 
by beings almost exclusively of the ruder 

I little cared if she had passed in review 
the whole of our division, but I felt cha- 
grined, mortified and angered, when I ob- 
served Major Jefferson Jenefer call about 
him a group of officers for the purpose of 
pointing her out, and without doubt to re- 
gale them with a surfeit of foul-mouthed 
slander at her expense and mine. 

I stifled my rising anger with the thought 
that the poltroon major was beneath every 
gentleman's notice, and that those who gave 
ear to his irony or slander knew him to be 
a liar, a gamester, a puppy and poltroon. 
Yet I almost prayed for a sufficient provo- 
cation to serve as an excuse for a deadly en- 
counter with him, being fully impressed that 
I knew him thoroughly — that I could read 
his profoundest thoughts — that his deepest 
intents I could discover. 

From that hour I resolved never to go 
forth from my quarters without being armed, 
not only with sabre and dagger, but with a 
brace of revolvers. This resolve was made 
for the purpose of being well prepared for 
any emergency — especially for an appeal to 
the code of honor, an alternative which I 
seriously hoped might arise. 






The day following and the day succeeding 
brouo-ht no great changes either in the army 
of the Tennessee, or in my own little mili- 
tary family ; for during those days a violent 
storm prevailed, and the rain fell almost in- 
cessantly in ton-ents, rendering a collision of 
the belligerent forces almost impossible, or 
skirmishing practicable, and caused the sus- 
pension of the usual camp parades and drills. 
Officers and soldiers, except those detailed 
for guard duty, kept quiet within their tents. 
On the third morning the sun ai-ose in 
unclouded splendor, and all was bright and 
cheerful again. 

Orders were promulgated to prepare for 
an advance; that preparation signified the 
puttmg of arms and equipments in condition 
for a thorough inspection ; the packing of 
knapsacks ; the drawing of three days' ra- 
tions, and the careful depositing of the same 
in haversacks. 

These duties occupied all the morning. 
In the afternoon, parade, review and inspec- 
tion of arms. Our hours for " off duty " 
that day were curtailed precisely sixty min- 
utes, for " tattoo " and " taps " were beaten 
an hour earlier than usual, which clearly in- 
dicated that sometime during the night we 
should be aroused to strike our tents for an 
early march. 

The routine of that day's duty was only 
broken by a slight incident, which, though 
in itself hardly worthy of note, has a dis- 
tinct bearing upon the thread of our story. 

Virginia Graham, the beautiful Vivan- 
diere, on that afternoon, appeared in camp 
fully attired in a chaste, picturesque cos- 
tume, with the usual equipments of one of 
her calling ; but in addition to that which 
seemed necessary to complete the character 
she had assumed, she carried in her belt a 
pair of silver-mounted revolvers, a short 
banger, and a murderous looking poniard or 

dirk. These weapons certainly did not seem 
becoming to one of so much loveliness, al- 
though I could not help surmising that they 
were intended rather for ornament than use ; 
for no one could have suspected that there 
was any danger in them while in her posses- 

" Dunder and blitzen, Major Yenefer ! " 
exclaimed Lieutenant Kreissman, one of our 
general's aids, who, with other officers, were 
passing away the hour after sunset in dis- 
playing their skill at pistol shooting ; " look 
dere ! dere ish a peaudiful beddycoad. She 
comsh dish vay," 

" Ha, ha! " replied the Major, " that is 
Captain Manly's agreeable companion. A 
day or two since she was a drummer-boy in 
jacket and pants ; and now, — bless me ! — 
she's metamorphosed into a camp-follower — 
a regular Vivandiere ! I'll ask her to try a 
shot at the target, for I see she carries a fine 
looking brace of Smith and Wesson's latest 

" Bistols ! Mine Cot! Such a peaudiful 
laty wid bistols!" again essayed the Teu- 
tonic lieutenant. "She never will haf ter 
corn-age to bull dcr drigger." 

"Ah! Vivandiere!" accosted Major 
Jenefer, " will you tiy a shot at our target? 
It is only fifteen paces, and is of the cucum- 
ference of a dollar. There are shots all 
about it, but no one has penetrated it. You 
have a keen eye — a steady hand — and the 
handsomest brace of pistols in the army." 

"Thank you for your invitation, 3Iajor 
Jenefer," she replied, as if she had not de- 
tected a vein of u-ony in his tones. " What ! 
the target not hit? " 

" Vciy nearly, however. I have a shot 
within an inch of its upper circle. Lieuten- 
ant Kreissman has one a trifle better, and 
Captain Desha one better still." 

" And there goes one that beats them aU," 
said the Vivandiere, as she quickly drew one 
of her pistols, and cocking it while it de- 
scribed a half ciixjle above her head, she 
then fired. 



The ball actually found the centre of the 
target, to the astonishment of all who were 
engaged in the sport. 

"^line Cot! Dat ish vot I calls tarn 
splendid shooting! " exclaimed the Dutch- 

" A splendid chance shot," quietly re- 
marked I^Iajor Jenefer. "It can't be done 
once in a thousand times." 

" You have no faith, Major," replied Vir- 
ginia, as she discharged another pistol. 

" And you have missed," he replied, 
" your second shot is as wide of the mark 
as your first was close." 

" I have four more bullets in this pistol, 
and one of them, I'm quite sure, will find 
that target's centre," said Virginia, and she 
discharged the four in rapid succession. 

" All failures," exclaimed the major. 

" If you will examine the target I tliink 
you will mend your speech," said she, in a 
slightly sarcastic tone. 

One of the officers, whose keen eyes de- 
tected a little elongation of the dark circle 
in the centre of the target, took pains to 
make the examination. To his surprise he 
found that not only a second ball had fol- 
lowed the first, but that the entire six bullets 
from her weapon had entered the perfora- 
tion first made ; and after a little cutting 
'jato the tree on which the target had been 
placed, he produced a plug of lead some 
iwo inches in length, almost straight, and 
j'nowing the lines where each successive shot 
<vas joined to the other. 

This almost incredible feat, the author ac- 
knowledges, has been claimed for one or two 
vther heroic sharpshooters ; but, most proba- 
bly, it was never before peifonned by any 
aiai-ksman, except by Captain Martin Scott, 
U.S. A. — who is now no more. His brother 
)fficers of that day stoutly maintained that 
le actually accomplished the feat, and that 
t must be received with more credibility than 
ihe " Coon " story which has so often been 

" By dunderand blitzen; put I dinks she 

must have porrowed tcr silver pullet of Der 
Freischutz ! " exclaimed the Dutchman, raid- 
ing both hands expressive of his wonder. 

" You have peiformed almost a miracle," 
said the surprised officer who had cut the 
united bullets from the tree's trunk. 

" No, gentlemen ; I have only shown you 
that a woman may be as dangerous with 
such a weapon in her possession as one of 
the lords of creation," replied Virginia, with 
her fall, lustrous eye beaming with a sinis- 
ter meaning upon the redoubtable* Major 

"Wolves and wolverines!" essayed a 
long, lank private, who belonged to a com- 
pany of sharpshooters from Michigan, who 
rejoiced in the euphonious soubriquet of 
Longrange ; ' I hev seen some sharp shewt- 
in' in my day, but may I never pop another 
reb if I ever seed anything to beat that. 
With this ere shewtin'-iron," he continued, 
patting the barrel of a long rifle that looked 
as if it had seen no little service ; " I hev 
sent bullets inter deer and wolves on the 
jump, and inter wild fowl on the wing, but 
I never plump'd zackly the same spot with 
two bullets. I say, yoimg leddy, whar war 
you raised? " 

" In Missouri," she replied. 

" And whar did you lam to shewt? " 

"In the army." 

"I thort you must ha' been born with 
pistils in yer hands, and fed on peowder and 
bullets. If ever thai' wai* a nateral sharp- 
shooter you ar' one. Must ha' been bona 
so, for I never seed but one gal who cud 
shewt a bar at a hundred yards, and that 
gal's my wife ; and she's prouder than a 
general's aid that she can do it. It '11 taka 
the starch right out on her when I cum to 
tell her what I've seed down here. If ever 
you 're in a tight fix, call on 2eke Long- 
range and he '11 git you out on 't if he has 
to run his legs off thru shot and brimstone." 

" Thank you for your good intentions, 
Mr. Longrange ; " but I trust that no oo- 



caeion will occur for such a perilous enter- 
prise on my account." 

" Hillo ! tliere cums our gin'ral ! " 

"Good evening, gentlemen," said the 
commander of the corps, as he answered the 
sjilute of the small gi'oup of officers and pri- 
vates who had been practising at the target ; 
"I have important business for an active, 
intelligent young man, who is wilUng to peril 
his life for his country's cause. The enter- 
prise will be fraught with great danger ; 
therefore I would not impose the task iapon 
any one. It must be performed by the vol- 
untary act of a patriotic and heroic heart." 

No one appeared ready to respond to this 
proposition. All seemed to be suddenly 
Btruck into a brown study. They looked as 
if the halter of a spy was already about 
their necks. 

My naturally repulsive nature made me 
resolve in my mind to respond to the gen- 
eral's proposition ; and I was actually about 
to step forth, when Virginia's gaze met mine, 
with her finger on her lip, and an expression 
of entreaty upon her countenance, which 
clearly abjured me to forego my suddenly- 
conceived intention. 

Her power over me was complete, and ray 
resolution to be a hero, and perchance a 
martyr, dissolved in an instant. 

" Well, gentlemen," continued the gen- 
eral, " I cannot reprove you for shrinking 
from perils greater than those we have al- 
ready encountered and ai'e liable to encoun- 
ter any day ; but a volunteer must be found 
for the emergency, for it is of the utmost 

He tarried for afew moments in silence, 
and then turning on his heel, walked away. 

With an almost conscience-stricken heart, 
I repaired to my quarters. Virginia had 
preceded me , After indulging in reflections 
of an unpleasant nature for nearly half an 
hour, I determined to ask her why she had 
intimated to me that I must not respond to 
my commander's wishes ; but on caUing for 
her for that purpose, Harry Robeson, who 

had not yet quite recovered from his wound, 
iufoi-med me that she had lefl the tent im- 
mediately on my coming in. 

This circumstance had nothing suspicious 
in it, nor did the fact that, when she return- 
ed shortly afterwards, her face was unusually 
flushed, and she was evidently laboring un- 
der a state of mental excitement only equal- 
led by that on the occasion of my discover- 
ing her sex. I remarked, when she entered : 

"Well, Virginia, I did not voluntceT." 

" Oh ! I'm so glad that you did not, for 
you would have lefl your company in charge 
of your lieutenant, who, it is no disparage- 
ment to say, is not fit to command. Be- 
sides, Harry Robeson would have lost the 
care and protection of his captain, which he 
so much needs." 

" Had I not caught your meaning glance 
at the moment of the general's call, I should 
have responded. " 

" Yes, captain, — I knew it — I saw it, and 
I rejoice that I prevented it. Another can 
better be spared than you." 

It must be confessed that I felt a little 
piqued that she possessed such an unbound- 
ed influence ovef me, but my tongue could 
utter no words of reproof. Fate had, for 
some purpose or another, hnked her destiny 
with mine, and with pleasurable emotions 
I awaited her decrees. 

The next few hours both officers and pri- 
vates were ftdly occupied in preparations for 
an advance. Before midnight orders were 
promulgated to strike tents. In repairing 
to my quarters I enquired for Virginia. 
Harry Robeson placed in my hands a sealed 
note, and as he did so tears flowed down his 

"Pray, what is the matter?" was my 
tremulous ejaculation, as with trembhng 
hands I tore the envelope from the missive. 

" She told me that she would return in a 
few days," he replied ; "but, perhaps, the 
letter will explain." 

It was written in a neat, delicate style of 



chirograpliy ; but to my consternatioii I read 
as follows : 

" Dear Captmn. — The general's mission 
which you would have accepted has devolved 
upon me. I sought the position and obtain- 
ed it, after impressing upon oui* valiant com- 
mander's mind that it was ordained by Fate 
that I should be the humble instrument of 
its fulfilment. When we meet again all 
shall be explained and my adventm-es re- 
counted. Till then entertain not a blameful 
thought for the poor Vivandiere, in whom 
you have taken so great an interest, and for 
whom you have done so much. I go on my 
mission forthwith, and ere morning I shall 
fee many miles from camp. A fleet horse, 
saddled and bridled, stands ready for my 
use at headcjuarters. Adieu, and believe in 
the grateful heart of 

Virginia Graham." 

" Great God ! "was my involuntary ejac- 
ulation on concluding this brief letter. — 
Thoughts of peril upon peril to that heroic 
and beautiful maiden, who had, doubtless, 
given herself as a martyr to her country. I 
wondered that our general should have en- 
trusted any duty of a hazardous nature to a 
woman — especially to one so young and so 
lovely. I questioned his wisdom — his pru- 
dence — aye, even his humanity ! I became 
indignant, and determined on the first op- 
portunity to break the subject to him, not- 
withstanding it was too late to mend the 

Poor HaiTy Robeson ! Ho was afflicted, 
but his sorrow found vent in a flood of tears. 
I, too, was afflicted, but the sorrow was pent 
up in my heart — a heart heavy with giief 
for the maiden's absence, and anger for the 
indiscreet general who had ordered it. 

Still a ray of hope dawned upon my mind. 
I might be doing a gross injustice to the man 
in whom we thus far had almost unlimited 
confidence ; that, perhaps, after all, he had 
only sent her to the rear with despatches to 
the commander of reinforcements daily ex- 
pected ; and that my preconceived appre- 
hensions that the duty to be performed — 

to wit : that of a spy — ^might be entirely 

Had not the general openly declared that 
the mission would be fraught with perils, 
my mind would have enjoyed comparative 
ease ; but as it was, I must undergo con- 
stant mental torture, until my fears could be 
dispelled by her return, or undoubted as- 
surances of her safety. 

Before daylight the next morning the 
grand army was in motion. Our corps led 
the advance ; and without describing our 
arduous marches, our frequent sku-mishes, 
our great battles, which history has made 
familiar to the American mind, I will quietr 
ly encamp the victorious army of soldiers 
before the strongly-entrenched city of Vicks- 
burg, with the single remark that the gen- 
eral of our corps at Pittsburg Landing and 
Shiloh, was now the commander of the grand 
army of the Mssissippi. 




ViCKSBURG ! — the boasted stronghold of 
the rebels — the once-noted town of gamblers, 
slave-drivers, slave -stealers, thieves and 
lynchers — is situated on an uneven bluff of 
the Mississippi, four hundred miles from New 
Orleans, and fifty miles from Jackson, the 
capital of the State. 

Its position for defence was deemed ad- 
mu'able, and in the hands of skilful engin- 
eers, and a brave, patriotic garrison, with 
adequate supplies, it might have defied all 
the powers of Federal resources, strategy 
and ingenuity. 

But our brave general had well counted 
the cost ; for, through some agency, which 
no one else understood, he possessed knowl- 
edge of every approach ; of every gun 
mounted upon the formidable rampai-ts ; of 



every pound of powder in their magazines ; 
of every shot and shell within their works ; 
every ration in their storehouses, and the 
number of troops in« their barracks. 

To ordinary minds these must have seem- 
ed too vast, too powerful to cope with or to 
overcome by the army who bad actually 
fought its way through morasses, over 
bridges, amid storms of shot and shell, to 
the rear of the Gibraltar of the Mississippi, 
where it would receive the co-operation of a 
powerful gunboat fleet in its front. 

Notwithstanding the great cause for exul- 
tation over the brilliant success thus far of 
the gi-and army of the Mississippi, I must 
confess that my spirits were sorely depressed. 

Months had elapsed, and not a word of 
information had I received from Virginia 
Graham ; and I should long since have 
mourned her as dead, had not our com- 
mander assured me that there was no cause 
,for the anxiety I had manifested on her ac- 

Whatever information he possessed, he 
certainly thought it the part of wisdom to 
keep locked within his own breast. 

Perhaps my extreme solicitude might have 
been greatly lessened had she not been kept 
constantly in my mind by the troubled looks 
and tearful eyes of Harry Robeson, who 
daily besought me for tidings of his good 

I could only bid the boy hope that she 
would re-appear at no distant day. He still 
occupied my quarters, and day by day my 
attachment to him increased ; for I found 
him intelligent beyond his years, and as he 
had recovered from his wound he not only 
performed his duties as dz-ummer-boy, but 
insisted on showing his gratitude to me by 
acting the part of an amanuensis, and in 
copying my company records, returns, &c. 

As he was a good penman his services 
were of no inconsiderable value to me ; for 
after the fatigues of tlife day, I was little 
capacitated to perform this part of a cap- 
tain's duty. 

The days, weeks and months that the army 
had beleagured the doomed city were those 
of toil, of suffering and of danger. Skirm- 
ishing with desperate detachments of the 
enemy, sent out to annoy us ; sometimes 
battling with a host who vainly hoped to de- 
stroy us ; and at other times replying to the 
cannonading from commanding bastions and 
from battlemented walls, made up the inter- 
vals which were not occupied with the pick 
and the spade in throwing up intrenchments 
in our slow approach. Sleep could only be 
obtained when the enemy were as exhausted 
as ourselves. 

If our regiment held not the post of honor 
during this period of arduous labor and san- ■ 
guinary strife, it certainly was not rivalled 
in its endeavors always to seek the post of 
danger. Our rifle pits were usually in ad- 
vance of all others, and we finally succeeded, 
by days and nights of diligent digging, in 
making an approach almost directly be- 
neath a formidable outwork, defended by 
ordnance of the heaviest calibre. 

So near were we to this work of the ene- 
my that they found no difficulty in occasion- 
ally treating us to a shower of stones thrown 
from the parapet, and by way of variety, a 
hand-grenade or two, which latter was at 
first a source of considerable mischief 

But our riflemen in the pits repaid them 
amply for this species of amusement; for 
whenever a stone-slinger or a grenade-thrower 
showed his head above the ramparts, woe be 
to him ! — ten to one he would disappear 
without any voluntary effort on his part. 

Our loss from these causes gradually les- 
sened, although the enemy persisted in thus 
annoying us, to his own great loss ; for we 
had so tunnelled the earth beneath the frown- 
ing battlements that the cavern served as a 
casemate for shielding our men, and the ex- 
plosive missiles generally lost theu intended 

Like so many active miners, we dug slowly 
into the bowels of the earth, for our grand 
purpose, as must be obvious to the reader. 



was to undermine and blow up a fortress, 
which stood, like many others, an impassa- 
ble barrier in our victorious way. 

To assault it would have involved too se- 
vere a loss to our conquering legions ; to 
batter it down with such of our siege guns 
as could be brought within range would be 
but a fruitless endeavor ; to attempt its de- 
sti-uction by shelling would have been but a 
waste of valuable ammunition needed for the 
reduction of the citadel itself. 

Therefore, our patient but persistent gen- 
ei"al decided upon a slower, a safer and surer 
way to demolish a series of intrenchments 
which frowned upon the besiegers, like so 
many volcanoes, belching forth smoke and 
flame and tons of deadly missiles. 

The most formidable, he determined, must 
be mined, and the lesser might then be more 
easily carried by assault. Those who carp 
at the use of the pick and spade, let them 
loolv to their results at Vicksburg. 

We had prosecuted our work within a few 
yards of the spot marked out by our engin- 
eer for depositing the mighty agent which 
was to ensure death and destraction to all 
above, when a portion of the earth at the 
portal of our cave gave away. 

Fearing that a greater mass might fall, 
and seal us up, as in a tomb, we all rushed 
forth and commenced clearing away the 
earth, and securing the arch above. 

The rebels quickly discovered our plight, 
and being unable to bring even a musket to 
bear upon us, strove to annoy us by rolling 
down a variety of missiles into our midst, 
and among the rest, a score or two of hand- 
grenades, which produced several casualties. 

Unfortunately, the atmosphere was so 
misty the riflemen in the pits could not dis- 
cern them ; they, therefore, for some little 
time, ptirsued their pastime xyith impunity, 
and we were compelled to expose ourselves 
xmtil the damage which we accidently sus- 
tained was repaired. 

No less than five times was I struck with 

the fragments of bursting grenades ; but, 
fortunately, I escaped any serious wound. 

" Dangnation ! " exclaimed Longrange, 
as his eyes, nose and mouth were treated to 
a handful of gravel, thrown up by one of 
the grenades which had exploded near him. 
" Dangnation ! I '11 not stand this ere kind 
o' fightin' no longer ! Mayn't I gin 'em, 
capen, a crack or two of my rifle." 

" It would be almost certain death to ex- 
pose your head to their view," was my reply. 

" I'll draw a bead on 'em without shewin' 
half a head. They can't hit me with one of 
them dang'd fiery snappin'-turtles. Just let 
me try ; and if they hit me I won't ask to 
try again." 

" No, that you wouldn't. If a plug of 
lead is lodged in your skull the army will 
lose a soldier that it can't afibrd to spare ; — 
a soldier that's worth the lives of forty reb- 

" Thank yer, capen, for so bad a compli- 
ment. Dang me if I think a hundred on 
'em is wuth a good sized polecat. But jest 
let me try and stop this ere meanest kind o' 
fightin', whar the pesky vannints have it aU 
their own way, and I'll dig dirt for the next 
week without grumbling." 

The sharpshooter manifested so much earn- 
estness in his request that I finally gave him 
permission to try his luck, but warned him 
to use the extremest caution as to exposing 
his person. 

He seized his rifle, and slinging his pow- 
der-horn and bullet-pouch over his shoulders, 
he mounted a steep embankment where he 
could just get range of the enemy's parapet, 
and stretching his long body upon the earth, 
waited for the ro-appearance of one of the 
gi'enade throwers. 

Before one of the latter had released the 
destructive weapon from his grasp, he fell 
backwards and disappeared. 

A few rods beyond the spot where Long- 
range had enscoused himself, he discovered 
a boulder, partly imbedded in the earth. It 
was perhaps thiice the size of a man's head. 



To obtain it was a work of imminent peril, 
and no prudent officer would for a moment 
entertain a proposition from a soldier to un- 
dertake the risk of moving a single step 
towaids it. 

But Longrange took the fearful responsi- 
bility ; and no sooner had he discliarged his 
piece, than he crept forward on his hands 
and knees, seized the coveted prize, tore it 
from the turf in which it was strongly im- 
bedded, and bore it to the edge of the em- 

The rebels had discovered him almost on 
the instant, Und hurled down upon him a 
shower of stones as a first greeting ; then 
came half a dozen gi'enades, followed by three 
or four shots from riflemen ; and, to make 
sure of his destniction for approaching into 
the veiy jaws of death, one of the casemate 
guns was actually fired upon him. 

Strange to relate, he escaped with a whole 
skin ; and again getting his long body into 
an inclined position, with his legs dangling 
over the edge of the embankment, and his 
head in the rear of the boulder, he deliber- 
ately proceeded to load and fii-e his piece 
whenever the smallest portion of a rebel be- 
came visible to liis quick, keen eye. 

One after another they would rush upon 
the parapet, let fly a lighted gi-enade, and 
without tarrying to watch its efiects, would 
as suddenly fiill back, unless accelerated in 
this last movement by the aid of the loyal 
rifleman's bullet. 

At length a young looking soldier had 
the temerity to appeal* upon the parapet, and 
to stand at full length for some moments, 
surveying the scene. Longrange aimed his 
unerring ri5e, and his finger was upon the 
trigger. A slight pressure of the finger 
would have sent a ball to the bold rebel's 
heart ; but there was an uncertain monitor 
within him whispering not to fire. 

He brought down his rifle and gazed upon 
the reckless young soldier ; and he wonder- 
ed that some trusty weapon other than his 
own did not cut his thread of life. 

The youth held in his hand a grenade, 
but the fuse had cither accidentally become 
extino-iiished, or he had himself extinfmished 
it. After some hesitation he hurled it in 
the direction of the sharpshooter. It fell 
almost within reach of his arm ; and with 
his face buried in his hijnds and resting upon 
the earth, he awaited the explosion ; but 
Longrange was neitlier to be killed nor 
wounded by so wretched a war implement 
as a hand-gi-enade. 

After waiting sufficiently long for the ex- 
pected explosion, he ventured to raise his 
head sufficiently to take a look at the infer- 
nal machine. There it was, lying as dor- 
mant and harmless as the boulder which had 
been his shield from the enemy's bullets. 

Without leaving his position, he managed, 
with the aid of the rammer of his rifle, to 
draw the grenade towards him, resolving to 
inspect its interior as soon as he could find 

Soon the mist which had veiled the earth 
since morning became dispelled, so that a 
score or more of sharpshooters from the com- 
paratively secure rifle pits soon made it im- 
possible for grenadiers of cannoniers to show 
themselves upon the parapet. 

Longrange now withdrew from the posi- 
tion which he had occupied about an hour, 
and with the unexploded grenade reported 
himself to me. 

"Thar's one o' them ere infarnal snap- 
pin'-turtles that didn't go ofi*," said he, 
holding up the grenade to my view. 

"Be careful, Longrange," I cautioned, 
" it may explode, even now. There's no 
Icnowing what infernal inventions our ene- 
mies may send among us that can possibly 
contribute to our destruction." 

"I'll soon spile this for any harm it may 
do," replied the sharpshooter, as he dropped 
the grenade into a bucket of water. " I'll 
risk any vartue there is the dang'd thing 

After aUovdng it to remain a few moments 
he drew out the water-soaked fuse and then 



proceeded to inspect its explosive contents. 
There was first taken out a slight quantity 
of wet powder ; and then followed a strata 
of wax. 

" Whoever made that grenade purposely 
cheated the rebels," I remarked. "Why, 
it appears as harmless as an empty canteen." 

After the wax had been removed, he drew 
forth, to my infinite surprise, a sealed letter 
directed to " U. S. Gr., Major General, &c., 
&;c., together with several other papers 
bearing the initials of his name merely. 

"Ah!" I exclaimed, "this must have 
been thrown by some friendly hand." 

" The youngster that throw'd it, capen, 
cum nigh tastin' one o' my blue pills, but 
somehow or nuther I couldn't pull trigger 
on him, and he got off with a hull hide." 

" That's fortunate," said I, intent upon 
the superscription of the letter ; " fortunate, 
too, that it has fallen into right hands. I'll 
away to the general's head-quarters as soon 
as it is dark. 

" Major, I've been thinkin' that that thar 
chap what throw'd that new-fashioned mail- 
bag, I've sot eyes on afore, but whar and 
when is a poser," remarked Longrange, 
thoughtfully; " and mebbe, arter aU, that's 
the rayson I didn't let my reb-killer bai-k at 
him ! He was as good a target as I ever 
squinted at, but I hadn't a heart to fire, and 
I'm dang'd glad I didn't." 

It now wanted but a few minutes of sun- 
set, and an hour later it would be compar- 
atively safe to go to the rear, but the mo- 
ments sped like hours. Had I regarded 
hazarding only my own life, I should have 
exposed myself to the storm of shot that 
would inevitably follow any federal soldier 
wlio should attempt such a feat; but I 
felt that I possessed important despatches for 
our general, which had fallen into my hands 
in the strangest manner, and that my safety 
would ensure theirs. 

No sooner did the gi-ey shadows begin to 
creep over the wide plain I must traverse, 
than I emerged from our subterranean shel- 

ter, and with the speed of a prize-runner I 
rapidly increased the distance from the frowrir 
ing batteries and loop-holes behind me. 

I crossed the cleared space in safety, and 
reached a camp of artillery, where, making 
known my errand to the officer in command, 
I gained knowledge of the head-quarters of 
the general-in-chief, and also obtained a fleet 
steed to aid me on my journey, for I ascer- 
tained that I had nearly four* miles further 
to travel before I should reach my place of 

With occasional halts to answer the de- 
mands of sentinels on my route, I met with 
no obstacles, and before " taps " were heard 
that night, I stood before the general's 
marquee demanding admittance on business 
of importance. 




It appeared that an assemblage of corps 
and division commanders was in consulta- 
tion with their chief, and consequently a re- 
quest was conveyed to me by the general's 
orderly that I must wait until the council 
should be dismissed. Thinking that it was 
probable I possessed despatches which might 
be of immediate service to the council in 
their deliberations, I tore a blank leaf from 
my diary, and wrote with a pencil thereupon 
these words : 

" To Major General Grant. I am the 
bearer of despatches received this day from 
within the enemy's entrenchments. 

Julian Manly, 
Capt. Co. A, — th Illinois Vols." 

In less time than it required to write this 
brief note, I received a request from the 
general, desiring my immediate attendance. 
I followed the bearer into the marquee, and 
found myself face to face with our honored 
chief, surrounded by a number of the ablest 



generals who served under him. I saluted 
him, and without uttering a word placed in 
his hands the several papers. 

"From whence did these come?" he 
asked, looking at the superscription. 

"From within Fort Pemberton," Ire- 

" By what means did you obtain posses- 
sion of them? " 

" They were taken from a harmless, hand- 
grenade which was thrown over the entrench- 
ment towards our advanced work." 

" Know you from whom they came ? " 

"No, sir." 

" Are you not aware, sir, that great cau- 
tion is to be exercised in receiving anything 
that comes from the enemy in such a clandes- 
tine shape? " 

" Yes, sir, and due caution was exercised 
in this case." 

' ' But how do you know that each one of 
these envelopes does not contain some deadly 
material which may explode on breaking the 

That was, indeed, a possible contingency 
which hatl not occurred to me, and I hesi- 
tated to make answer. In truth, a sense of 
embarrassment began to creep over me, lest 
I might be considered the confederate of an 
assassin. Before I could frame a reasonable 
reply the chief himself relieved me. Said 

" There is no danger to be apprehended 
in this case, for I recognize in the super- 
scription the hand that penned it. For your 
good sen'ices in bearing these despatches 
so promptly to head-quarters, receive our 
thanks ; and before returning to your quar- 
ters let me see you again. In thirty min- 
utes I shall be at liberty ta speak with you 
in private." 

I saluted the chief and his subordinates 
and made my exit. 

The half hour of my dismissal from the 
chief's presence, I passed in visiting the 
head-quarters of a cavalry regiment from my 
own State, in the immediate vicinity. Here 

I obtained newspapers of recent dates, and 
much iuforniation from my own city that 
we who were in the extreme advance had 
been several days deprived of. 

Promptly, at the expiration of thirty min- 
utes, I again passed the sentinels stationed 
befcJre the chief's quarters, and was fortliwith 
ushered into his presence. The council of 
ofiScers had been dismissed, and he was alone. 

He arose to receive me — greeted me cor- 
dially — and bade me occupy a camp-stool 
near enough to him to enable us to converse 
in whispers if we had desired. He bade me 
state the full particulars of the manner the 
despatches were communicated to us, which 
I did, giving Longrange full credit for se- 
curing that which he styled a new-fashioned 
mail-bag. I also informed hkn of the nar- 
row escape the thrower of the grenade had 
from Longrangc's rifle, and of his conclusions 
as to the reasons which induced him to for- 
bear shooting him. 

' ' Ah ! how fortunate ! It would grieve 
me less to lose a regiment of lives than that 
that noble — noble — youth — should perish," 
replied the general. " Let me now inform 
you that Vicksburg is nearer ours by a month 
than I felt it to be an hour since. The in- 
foi-mation I gained from those missives was 
of the most important character and hastened - 
our dehberations to most unanimous conclu- j 
sions.» You may cheer the hearts of your 
brave comrades in front by telling them that 
it is not idle boasting in their general to say 
to them that if they but continue to jjcrfonn 
their arduous duties until Independence day, 
they shall have a glorious holiday in cele- 
brating it within the enemy's innermost walls. 
Yes, captain, on the Fourth of July, if I 
can read events, and the signs of the times, 
we shall enter the city triumphantly. But, 
by the by, captain, how progress the mining 
operations beneath Fort Pemberton ? " 

' ' We shall be allowed to lay down the 
pick and the spade in that direction in the 
course of three days," was my reply. 

"'T is well, for I have certain informa- 



tion that the enemy commences countermin- 
ing to-morrow morning, but it will require 
ten days and ten nights of active digging of 
all the men that they can put on the work 
hefore can be reached the farthest point that 
it will be necessary for "you to advance." 

The chief wa.s in most excellent spirits, 
and he communicated much information in 
regard to the operations within Vieksburg's 
walls and outworks that I had not dreamed 
of; and it was clearly apparent that he had 
occasional intercourse from a most intelli- 
gent source from within the enemy's boasted 
stronghold ; otherwise such detailed infor- 
mation could not be procured. 

For nearly an hour he continued, alter- 
nately informing me of many interesting 
matters that were new to me, and in plying 
me with questions. Suddenly he stopped, 
and consulting his watch he said : 

' ' Do you propose to return to your quar- 
ters to-night V ' ' 

"I do, sir, most assm-edly." 

" You will need an escort, eh ? If so, a 
squad of cavalry shall serve you." 

" No, general, I have a fleet steed for 
most of the journey, and a nimble pair of 
legs for the balance." 

" Just as you choose," he replied; "and 
now for a glass of wine, and I'll detain you 
no longer. Perhaps you prefer whiskey. I 
always keep a little for such occasions as 
these, but officers you know must drink 
sparingly. I have the reputation in some 
envious quai-ters of imbibing too freely for a 
general, but I'll venture to say that my de- 
famers drink thrice to my once. One or 
two glasses per day suffices for my appetite." 

I did not refuse the proffered glass, when 
I considered that I had a five or six mile 
journey to perform ; and as he raised the 
glass to his lips he said : 

" Here's health and success to you, cap- 
tain; and, remember, when Vicksburg is 
ours you shall exchange those leaves for an 
eagle, or your commander will not possess 

that influence which his services entitle him 

I thanked him for his flattering promise, 
and took this opportunity to make the en- 
quiry of him which lingered on my tongue's 
end during our entu-e interview. It was the 
subject nearest my heart. I enquired for 
Virginia Graham — of her whereabouts — and 
if I could again receive from him assurances 
of her safety. 

." Why, captain, I think you told me once 
that you were a married man, and had a 
lovely wife that you regarded with adora- 
tion," he remarked. 

" It is true, general." 

' ' Then why do you take an ardent lover's 
interest in this beautiful follower of oiu: 
camp ? Beware, captain, lest, when you re- 
turn home, you will l^ave to encounter the 
green-ey-ed monster, jealousy. 

" I fear not that, for there is no earthly 
power that can estrange my affections from 
my beloved wife ; but I confess that I have 
conceived a strange, unaccountable interest 
in that yoTing girl ; and to leani that any 
harm had befallen her would grieve me to 
the very soul. I would not hear it for the 
sake of little HaiTy Robeson, who plies me 
daily with questions concerning her that I 
have not the power to answer." 

" Well, well, captain, I can inform you 
on one point ; she is alive and well ; will 
cot that satisfy you? " 

" Scarcely, general." 

"Well, then, if no unforeseen event oc- 
curs within the next twenty days, I doubt 
not you will have the satisfaction of seeing 
her within our army lines." 

I would have made further enquiries, but 
knowing well the temperature of our com- 
mander, I forbore ; and after thanking him 
for his encouraging words I took my leave, 
mounted the horse which stood ready for me 
in front of the mai'quee, and galloped off at 
full speed. 

I answered the challenges of the various 
sentinels as I proceeded, and soon reached 



the artillery camp where I had procured the 
animal which had borne me on my errand 
with such speed and safety, and where I 
resigned him to his owner. 

The rest of the way must be traversed on 
foot, and although the distance was not one 
fourth of that I had travelled in the saddle, 
yet it was far more hazardous ; for the 
stars had become veiled with thick murky 
clouds, threatening a storm, and created a 
darkness which, oi'dinarily, would have -de- 
terred a stouter and braver heart than mine 
to have encountered. But I well knew if I 
reached not my quarters before daybreak, 
they could not with any degree of safety be 
reached before the following night. I there- 
fore nerved myself for the journey and passed 
the outposts of the camp just at midnight, 
and while the guards were marcliing the 

I had but a general idea of the route I 
was to travel, and there was nothing beyond 
an instinctive power to guide me. I had 
proceeded not more than a fourth of a mile 
when the wind began to blow furiously, and 
anon the rain began to fall, and increased 
until it seemed to descend in oblique sheets, 
drenching me to the skin. As I had to face 
this ton-ent, little progress could be made, 
and many times it caused me to face about 
to avoid its almost blinding fury. 

At length I became so bewildered that I 
was at a loss to know on which quarter of 
the compass my slow progress was being 
made, and I was just resolving in my mind 
whether I would not bivouac on the drench- 
ed earth, when I stumbled headlong into 
what I supposed to be a ditch ; but quickly 
did I discover my mistake, for the noise of 
the fall had aroused a sleeping tenant of the 
place, who immediately ejaculated : 

" Dick ! Dick, I say, what's the matter? " 

The other lazily responded with an oath 
for disturbing him just as he had fairly got 
to sleep, and charged his comrade with hav- 
ing the nightmare. 

The truth flashed upon my mind that I 

was in a rebel rifle-pit ! and therefore had 
deviated from my true course several points 
of the compass. I of course stirred not, 
but lay like a log half imbedded in mud 
and water. The soldier who was first arous- 
ed had seized his ■ rifle and come to the 
mouth of the pit where I was lying, and had 
he moved another step in advance he would 
assuredly have planted his heavy heel upon 
my breast; but, contenting himself with 
looking at the gloomy opaqueness before him, 
he turned and sought his repose again upon 
a heap of straw within a few feet of the mud- 
bed in which I was lying. 

As profound silence was my only safe- 
guard then, I waited, perhaps, half an hour 
— it seemed two hours — to be assured that 
my sharpshooting enemies were in the sure 
embrace of the god of sleep. Then I had 
the satisfaction of hearing a stout pair of 
nasal organs breathe forth in concert. 

Noiselessly I extricated my body fi-om the 
wet, sticky soil, and once more stood erect. 
The stonn-clouds had passed over, and bright 
stars once more began to twinkle in the 

Without moving I strained my eyes in 
the direction of my unconscious enemies. 
At first nothing could be discerned, but at 
length I made out the outhne of the soldier 
nearest me, and as his rifle was lying paral- 
lel to his body I ventured to appropriate it, 
partly as a trophy of this involuntary adven- 
ture, and partly to defend myself in case of 

The barrel of the weapon was resting 
across his extended left arm, and it required 
extreme cautiousness to remove it. The mo- 
ment I had laid hands upon the breech, and 
raised it from his arm, he started up as 
quickly as if I had removed a limb from his 
body — so sensitive does the soldier become 
by long and constant use of the weapon 
which afibrds him the power of self-defence. 

He grasped the muzzle instantly with 
both hands, but I drew it from him in an 
instant, and in doing so I must have cut 



his hands with the bayonet, for he uttered a 
terrific shriek. 

Without a moment's hesitation I drew 
back the weapon and made a fierce lunge at 
his bpdy. I must have struck a vital point, 
for he fell back without a groan. 

His comrade had become aroused, seized 
his rifle, and fired. The ball .whizzed in 
fearful proximity to my right ear, and al- 
though I felt a smart, tingling sensation at 
the tip of that organ, I was not aware that 
the ball had perforated its edge until after- 

x\fter discharging his rifle he made a lunge 
at me with £he bayonet, but, dai'k as it was, 
I dexterously avoided the blow, and the 
next moment he was a bleeding corpse beside 
his companion. 

With my captured musket I leaped quick- 
ly from the rifle pit, and ran in the direc- 
tion which I thought was the proper one. 
The rifle report had reached the neighboring 
pits, and I distinctly heard voices and the 
quick steps of men hurrying about appa- 
rently in a confused state. But I ran as 
rapidly as my rain-soaked habiliments would 
permit, and in the course of twenty minutes 
I had the immense satisfaction of reaching 
my quarters, and briefly relating that por- 
tion of my expedition touching my exploit 
in one of the enemy's rifle pits. 




The fierce and bloody assaults — the dread 
sallies — the hand-to-hand fights on the ram- 
parts and in the ditch — the heavy cannon- 
ading from iron-clads and mortar-boats, and 
from embrazurbs, parapets and the open 
field, which preceded the fall and capitula- 
tion of the rebel stronghold of the Missis- 
sippi, have been so graphically described by 
generals in their reports, and by scores of 

letter-writers, I shall not ventiire to describe 
them here. 

Suffice it to say that our ever-eonquering 
hero, with his able commanders and his in- 
domitable army, here achieved the greatest 
single victory of the war. 

But I have one incident to relate of that 
memorable occasion, which is intimately con- 
nected with the thread of my story, and will 
serve to elucidate a series of movements and 
circumstances connected with the army that, 
to say the least, seemed to us unaccountable 
if not mysterious. 

Many of our movements seemed so averse, 
to the plainest common sense in the progress 
of the reduction of Vieksburg, that several 
officers of intelligence and high military ca- 
pacity, had questioned the strategic ability 
of the general-in-chief, while others actually 
denounced him as crazy-headed, fool-hardy, 
and totally ignorant of the science of war. 
But there were about him a coterie of mili- 
tary gentlemen who seconded his every sug- 
gestion, and zealously sought to execute his 
every order. There existed, in fact, such a 
mutual confidence and exact understanding 
between these officers and their chief, that 
open-mouthed clamors were silenced and un-' 
worthy suspicions were allayed, until the 
army, as a unit, had full belief in their gen- 
eral, although there was much mystery yet 
to be accounted for. 

It was on the morning of the second of 
July, that the mine which had been so long 
preparing, and in which my command had 
taken so active a part, was sprung. Its ef- 
fect was tremendous, for in one little mo- 
ment an entire angle of Fort Pemberton was 
destroyed ; and althongh the enemy had 
knowledge of our mining operations, and 
had in a degree prepared for it, yet the ex- 
plosion was 60 effectual that more than a 
hundred of the defenders of the fortress were 
buried beneath the debris which an hundred 
casks of powder had thrown up. The con- 
cussion was almost stunning, and fairly shook 
the earth for miles, carrymg terl-or and dis- 



may to eveiy rebel heart within the walls of 
the beleaguered city. 

A storming force, consisting of an entire 
brigade, were resting upon their arms, ready 
for an assault the moment that the gfand 
effects of the explosion could be seen. The 
reverberations had hardly died away when 
the order was given to forward at double- 
quick. With weapons shotted and bayonets 
fixed, we rushed across the plain under an 
ill-directed fire from several of the enemy's 

It was ordered that our regiment should 
take the post of honor and lead the brigade ; 
and as my command was on the right of the 
regiment, of course we were in the advance ; 
and as the field officers kept their appropri- 
ate places in the attack, I was the first offi- 
cer, and, indeed, the first man, to ascend 
the ragged pile of debris made by the ex- 
plosion, and the only accessible mode of 
getting into the fort. 

Of course this point was the one of all 
others now to be defended ; and if in the 
grand confusion which seemed to prevail we 
could conquer this portion of the garrison, 
the fort must fall into our hands. 

Never shall I forget the storm of shot 
that was showered upon us, within pistol 
range, as we commenced the fearful ascent. 
Man after man fell by my side, and even in 
my rear scores of brave men bit the dust. 
Yet we faltered not, but poured upon our 
enemy volley after volley, still advancing as 
we fired. 

It seemed as if my entire command must 
soon be annihilated before their spirited fire, 
they having the advantage of position, being 
enabled partly to conceal themselves behind 
the incongruous mass of stone, mortar and 

As yet not a bullet bad touched my per- 
son, though my perforated cap ^nd garments 
gave frightful evidence of the proximity of 
a score of shot. I seemed to bear a charmed 
life ; yet I felt that I must fall in this storm 
of bullets before the van of the assaulting 

party could gain the inside of the intrcnch- 

Twice we were pressed back or down- 
ward, but we promptly rallied, the broken 
ranks filled up, and we pressed upward 
again with almost superhuman energy, al- 
though the stones were slippery with the 
gore of our unfortunate comrades. 

The defenders of that pass seemed as 
reckless and desperate in their defence as 
we in the assault. Ilcre " Greek met 
Greek," and surely the " tug of war " was 
never more sanguinarily illustrated. 

The parapet— or, rather, the spot where 
the parapet was before the explosion — was 
at length reached by myself and a half-score 
of the bravest of my command. In some 
way or another I was pushed forward, and 
found myself almost surrounded by a squad 
of rebels, whose bloody hands and bai-ed ai-ms 
and faces besmeared and begrimmed with 
burnt powder, made them look like so many 
demons ready to make sacrifice of me. 

I was almost exhausted, but my dcsperato 
situation at that moment actually gave me 
strength and nerved my arm, so that at least 
I might sell my life dearly. With my got)d 
sword I kept them at bay for some time, 
when a stalwart officer singled me out, and 
with his heavy sword wrested mine from 
my grasp. 

It was an easy victory for him now to 
run me through or split my head with his 
gory blade ; and as he raised it for the latter 
purpose, a young soldier, seemingly of his 
own party, struck his arm so severe a blow 
that it dropped by his side. 

" Traitor I " he cried. " Slay the traitor ! 
He is but a ti-aitor in our ranks ! " 

His order was about being obeyed by one 
of his men, when a ball from the rifle of 
Longrange, who had opportunely pressed 
forward to the front, penetrated his skull, 
and he fell a lifeless corpse. 

Another seized the youth, and he was 
dragged to the earth 

I had regained my sword again, and now 



detoriained to save the unknown preserver 
of my life, if he were not already dead ; and 
for some moments a fierce contest ensued 
over his prostrate form. , I believe the ferocity 
of the tiger entered my breast, for I cut 
and slashed with a vigor far beyond my nat- 
ural sti'ength. Several of the company came 
to my rescue, and we drove the wreiches 

Meanwhile the whole brigade had clam- 
bered into the stronghold, and it was car- 
ried — the rebels throwing down their arms, 
uttering hellish oaths and groans of despair, 
while fix>m our side the well-known shouts 
of victory fairly rent the air. Fort Pember- 
ton was ours — the rebel flag was trailed in 
the dust, and the colors of our regiment were 
displayed upon the parapet. 

I stepped back to where I had left the 
prostrate youth. He had raised himself to 
a sitting posture. 

"Are you wounded?" said I, almost 
gasping for breath, — for now I began to feel 
a dizziness in my head, and an almost pros- 
tration of all my faculties. 

" No, Captain Manly, I am quite well," 
was his reply. 

His voice startled me. I looked in his 
face, but it was so begrimmed with blood 
and dirt that I failed to recognize him, 

"In heaven's name who are you?" I 
demanded, as I attempted with a handker- 
chief to remove the stains of gore ana dut 
firom his face. 

"Don't you know me?" he said in a 
whisper. " I am Virginia Graham ! but do 
not betray ray sex here." 

I could make no reply, but I felt a joy 
that I shall never forget. It was but for a 
moment, for my energies now gave way. and 
I swooned at her feet. 

^Vhen I awoke to consciousness I found 
myself lying upon a comfortable camp bed- 
stead in the former quarters of the rebel 
commander of the fortress, who was now a 

She who had saved my life — still in the 

garb of a rebel soldier — was seated beside 
me. Before uttering a word, I scanned the 
apartment and saw that we were not quite 
alone ; for seated at a table covered with 
maps and stationery, was a man in the uni- 
form of a Federal general, and as his back 
was towards me, I failed to recognize him. 

At this moment the beautiful eyes of the 
heroine met mine. Her sweet lineaments 
were no longer masked beneath the condens- 
ed smoke of powder, blood and dirt, but 
they were fair and clear as I had seen them 
when she was an invalid in my own qua^ 

"You are better," she said in her own 
sweet voice ; " and the doctor who left but 
a few moments since, says you are not 

"Yes — yes," I answered, "I believe it 
was but a fainting fit. But no one can say 
I was a coward." 

' ' The man who dares say it shall eat his 
words," said the officer, giving a vindictive 
blow of his fist upon the table, and at the 
saihe time reversing his position so that his 
eagle-like gaze met mine. " No, captain, 
no one will charge you with cowardice, either 
in thought or action." 

" 'Tis General Grant, Captain Manly," 
said Virginia. 

He arose from his seat, came to the side 
of my couch, took my hand and resumed : 

" We have met before on several occa- 
sions, and the last was that night of the 
drenching storm. You would have made a 
less adventui-ous journey had you accepted 
the escort I offered you." 

" It was so dark I wandered from the true 
direction," I said. 

" And stumbled into a rifle pit of the en- 
emy," he added, with a chuckhng laugh< 

" Then you have been a prisoner? " ejao- 
ulated Virginia, slightly staitled. ^ 

"0, no," continued the general, "not 
exactly a prisoner. The story, as I have 
heard it, runs thus : — He had been to my 
quarters bearing a certain despatch wbidi 



somewhat mysteriously came into his hands 
through a harmless hand grenade It was 
on a very dark night, and on his return a 
fearful storm arose, which so bewildered him 
that he went out of his way, and actually 
fell into one of the enemy's rifle pits, in 
which there lay two shai-jjshooters asleep. 
The noise, as may well be supposed, aroused 
them ; but the cajDtain, finding himself well 
imbedded in clay and water, concluded that 
tjie wisest thing to be done was to remain 
therein until the pitmen should again re- 
sume their naps. As he judged, a long half 
hour was required to produce that result, 
when the captain, very incautiously, I think, 
undertook to seize, and did seize, a rifle 
which was lying upon the arm of one of the 
sleepers. This of course aroused the pitman, 
and a fight ensued, which awoke the other, 
and as there was no other alternative than to 
kill or be killed, the captain believed the 
former to be the wisest course ; so he killed 
them both, and bore off the coveted rifle as 
an evidence of his prowess. Do I relate the 
incident correctly ? " asked the general. 

" As near as I can recollect," was my 

" Well, there was no evidence of coward- 
ice in that, at all events," he said, smiling. 

"But there was extreme danger in it," 
said Virginia, almost shuddering as she 
spoke. " You certainly stood at least a 
double chance of losing your own life ; and 
though the result was favorable to you, and 
might be called heroic, yet it was by no 
means discreet. But I had quite forgotten 
my duty in listening to this adventui-e of 
youi's. The surgeon bade me give you this 
drink as soon as you awoke." 

As she spoke she arose, and taking from 
a shelf a cup, bade me drink from it, after 
assisting me to arise to a sitting posture, for 
I was still weak from the extraordinary ef- 
forts I had made in the assault upon the 
fort. The draught produced, almost as soon 
aa I had drank it, an invigorating effect, and 

with the aid of a little bolstering, I was en- 
abled to sit upright. 

"How long have I been sleeping?" I 

"Four hours," she replied. "The fort 
came into our pos.scssion at eleven o'clock. 
You became unconscious inmiediately after- 
wards, an^l, in fact, seemed like one dead 
until nearly four o'clock, when you seemed 
to recover, and then fell into a profound 
slumber. ' ' 

"And have you been with me all this 
tune?" , 

" With the exception of an hour and a 
half. My place was then supplied by little 
Hariy Robeson, who, I am rejoiced to know, 
passed through • the siege in safety ; and I 
have to thank you for the kind cai'c which 
he informs me you have bestowed upon him. " 

" Thanks are not merited where there has 
been a mutual good feehng, and where only 
kindnesses are reciprocated. The drummer- 
boy has done me so many favors that I am 
truly his debtor." 

" Pemberton will offer terms of capitula- 
tion to-morrow," said the general, as he re- 
covered from a seeming reverie. " He has 
no dependence now for defence except his 
naked walls. Yes, it must be so. By the 
by, captain, did I not make certain promises 
to you the last time we met? " 

"If you did you are certainly kind to 
treasure them so long in your memory, con- 
sidering the thousand and one things you 
must necessarily carry in your mind." 

"If my memory is not treacherous I 
promised that when twenty days should have 
elapsed, the person to whom you seem so 
much attached should be within our lines. 
Have I kept my promise ? " he asked, glanc- 
ing at Virginia significantly. 

" Yes, general, this is the nineteenth day 
since I visited your quarters." 

" I also told you that the fall of Vicks- 
burg would be consummated a month earlier 
than it would otherwise have fallen had not 



those lucky despatches come promptly to 

"I remember it well, general." 

" And I promised you that we should 
celebrate our next national independence 
under the old flag, within the walls of Vicks- 

" Yes, general." 

"And, finally; I promised that when 
Vicksbarg was once ours you should have 
those leaves on your shoulder exchanged for 
an eagle." 

" You were pleased to say so, general, 
but how excellent is your memory," I re- 

" And I'll keep my word, or these stars 
shall bo snatched from these brawny shoul- 
ders — mark that ! As I before said, terms of 
copitulation will come to-morrow. The sun 
will not. be more sure to rise. And now 
one thing more before I go, and deal with 
me frankly. I would know, since I have 
taken a deep interest in you both, why it is 
that you seem so devoted to each other; 
why it is, captain, you have evinced so pro- 
found a solicitude and anxiety in regard to 
this young lady ; and why it is that she in 
her letters has been so prodigal in her en- 
quiries concerning you. If you were man 
and wife I could well understand it ; if you 
were brother and sister, or even cousins, it 
would not be mysterious, nor would it excite 
even curiosity ; and as you cannot be lovers 
— for, captain, you have declared unbound- 
ed affection for your wife ; and as you, Jliss 
Graham, have, frankly stated that you are 
the be'^^rothed of a man you love and honor 
— how i:3 it, and what is it, that has so at- 
tached you to each other?" 

The general looked to me for a reply, and 
I looked toward Virginia for an explanation. 
She finally said, with downcast eyes and 
tremulous lips : 

" He was so kind to little HaiTy Robeson 
when ho wa& wounded ; and he was also 
kind and considerate towards me when — 
when my sex was discovered." 

"Can this be all ? " resumed the general; 
" and who is this Harry Robeson ? " 

" Since you put the question direct, I 
will answer; he is my half-brother." 

"This is, indeed, news to me; although 
I felt sure that he must be a near and dear 
relative," said I. 

" What possible harm could there have 
been in acknowledging thus muijh in the 
outset? " enquired the commander. 

" Since I have confessed so much, I will 
frankly tell you, but in strict confidence, 
that my name is not Virginia Graham ; but 
Ijeai'ing another which, for prudential mo- 
tives I cannot reveal," I must rely upon your 
generosity not at present to seek to know it." 

" We may then reasonably infer that your 
name is Robeson," said the general. 

"It is not Robeson, although my half- 
brother beai's it. Had I assumed his name, 
through that name I might have, long ere 
this, been discovered." 

" I now understand," said the general, 
" and for the present will be satisfied with 
what I know ; but there is still a mystery 
underlying all which I am sure will be de- 
veloped at no very distant day." 

" I know of none replied Virginia, " ex- 
cept that which lies in the fact that, for rea- 
sons best known to myself, I wish to remain 
unknown in the army, and also to remain 
undiscovered by friends who, I doubt not, 
have made some exertion to ascertain my 

" Well, well, the captain and I must bide 
ovu* time for a true revelation, if, indeed he 
is not possessed of it already," remarked 
the general, rising and consulting his watch. 

" I certainly am no better enlightened 
than yourself, general," said I, with sin- 

" It is time for your half-brother to return 
with Aunt Clemmy," said the commander, 
addressing Virginia. " I promised she 
should join you on the day we should meet, 
and be assured she will be here. I musfe 
now hasten to my quarters, for to-morrow 



promises to be an eventful, and, I hope, a 
happy day to ns all. Good night. Captain 
Manly. Good night, Virginia. As you 
have requested it, you may again adopt the 
Vivandicre costume and rejoin your regi- 

IMy heart leaped for joy when I heard 
these last words of our hero. With me I 
fclc she would he safe. How dangerous al- 
ways seemed the maiden's position, even 
withio our lines, when she was not at my 
quarters ; and I ventured to express as much 
to Virginia as soon as our gallant comman- 
der had left the comfortahle quarters which 
he had assigned me. I also ventured to ask 
her to relate all that had occurred to her 
during her long absence. 

She replied that it was a long story, and 
in my present state of health would only 
fittigue me ; but promised, at some future 
time, to fully enlighten me. I did not press 
tlie matter, for I felt sure that she had been 
in almost constant peril ever since the day 
ghe left our camp. How could it have been 
otherwise ? Had she not acted the part of 
a Spy ? — the most dangerous of all charac- 
ters — and had she not sojourned constantly 
within the enemy's lines, and in their camps 
and forts ? Of this one great, almost ap- 
palling fact, there could be no doubt, and 
the reflection greatly disturbed me. 

In a few minutes after the general had 
retired, Harry Robeson, accompanied by 
Aunt Clemmy, arrived. 

" Gorra bresse, Missee 'Ginia, how dis 
olo heart goes pit-arpat to see yer 'gin wid 
dose ole eyes ! " was the faithful ncgress's 
exclamation as she embrace"d her mistress, 
in spite of the jacket and trousers that Vir- 
ginia still wore. " I'se drefful glad you 
turn up. Oh ! dis war ! it duz make sich 
mischief; but I guess de niggas won't hab 
dc wuss of it.*' 



My military family now consisted, as bo- 
fore, of the Vivandiere, Harry Robeson and 
Aunt Clemmy. 

On the morning following our re-union, 
the surgeon of my regiment called, and as- 
sured me that I had received no apparent 
physical injury ; that I had been laid pros- 
trate by fatigue ; and only enjoined upon 
me to keep quiet for a few days. 

I observed that a gleam of joy illumined 
the bright face of Virginia upon hearing 
those words ; it was more than an ordinary 
expression of gladness coming from a sym- 
pathetic heart — a heart that beat in unison 
with mine. 

How strange all this seemed when both 
of us well knew that no nearer relation than 
friendship could exist between us. I had 
confessed to her the ardent love I cherished 
for my beloved at home ; and she had as 
frankly confessed to me that her heart long 
since had been given to one who was deserv- 
ing of its warmest, its most fervent devotion. 
Who that one was I had never dared to ask ; 
yet how earnest was my hope that he was 
worthy of such a treasure. 

" You heard the surgeon's cheering words, 
and you must perceive that I am now quite 
well," I remarked, as soon as the profes- 
sional gentleman had departed. 

" Yet he said you needed a few days' 
rest," she replied. 

" True; but that will not surely prevent 
me from listening to a narrative of your ad- 
ventures," said I, burning with curiosity to 
know what had transpired personally to her 
during our separation. 

"It is by no means interesting, besides it 
may fatigue you. You need quietness of 
mind as well as body." 

" My desire to know will disturb the form- 
er more than any recital of yours can possi- 
bly do." 



" Since you are so urgent, captain, I will 
commence my story, with the understanding 
that I may break off when and where I 
please," replied Virginia, seating herself 
near the comfortable' lounge on which I was 
half-reclining, and after a thoughtful lapoc 
of a few moments she begun thus : 

tirginia's narrative. 

" The circumstances which led to my so- 
liciting a position fraught with peril, I need 
not describe. Suffice it to say that the com- 
manding general needed a Spy ; he believed 
you a proper man to brave the dangers of 
Buch a character ; and I believed it too, but 
was determined, if possible, to prevent you 
from accepting such a trust, not only for 
your sake but for that of Harry Robeson ; 
and after a night of thought and dreams I 
resolved to place myself at the disposal of 
the general. Something whispered in my 
heart that I of all others was the safest and 
most proper person of the entire army to 
personate the adventurous character, — ay, 
that I was ordained by a higher power than 
mortal man can possess, to be an instrument 
of communication between the enemy and 
oui- great chief. I sought an interview with 
him ; briefly stated an outline of my plan 
to prevent discovery, which seemed to strike 
him as ingenious and judicious, yet he was 
extremely reluctant to grant my request; 
bat finding me persistent he yielded, and 
promised me every possible facility for my 
great undertaking. He was also pleased to 
say, after a lengthy conversation, that I ap- 
peared to possess intelligence, shrewdness, 
cunning, and above all, discretion — traits 
absolutely indispensable for a succesoful spy. 
He plied me with m^ny questions touching 
my health, power of endurance, and what 
course I should pursue in certain emergent 
cases. My replies must have been apt, for 
they appeared to meet his hearty approval. 
The truth is, I seemed intjaitively to possess 
the power to frame all my answers to meet 
bis ripe judgment. 

* Can you ride well?' he asked. 

' Yes, general, I can manage the most 
high-spirited and fleetest steed belonging to 
yourself or staff, ' was my confident reply. 

' Are you fleet of foot?' 

' I have run a mile with my regiment at 

' Should you not fear to bivouac in the 
woods alone '( ' 

* With these goodly weapons in my belt 
I could fear nothing,' I answered, pomting 
to my revolvers. 

' Yes, yes, I think I have heai-d some- 
thing laudatory of your skill with both pis- 
tol and rifle ; but how would you succeed 
in crossing the many creeks and rivers that 
lie on the route that will be marked out for 
you ; for, remember, you will find most of 
the bridges destroyed ? ' 

* Those I cannot ford I can swim.' 
' Can you climb a tree ? ' 

' With ease, if the bark be not too smooth 
and the branches too high.' 

' Enough. I am satisfied that you will 
be equal to any probable difiiculty that you 
may encounter. In two hours be in readi- 
ness. Report at headquarters.' 

This order I obeyed at the precise mo- 
ment. A fine looking steed, saddled and 
bridled, with pisiols in the holsters, waa 
pawing the earth before the general's head- 
quarters, as if impatient to bear off his rider. 

At a short distance stood a detachment 
of cavalry — ten in all — which I understood 
was to be my escort. The general met me 
at the threshold. 

' All i.'? ready for your immediate depar- 
ture,' said he. ' I have drawn up more 
specific instnictions than I have before given 
you, which you will not peruse or explore 
until you have safely passed into the ene- 
my's lines. Here is also contained a cipher 
which you will use in addressing me, and a 
key to the language which I shall use in 
addressing you. Be wary, be brave, be 
discreet, and may a watchful Providence be 
thy shield in the houi* of danger. Farewell* 



As he pressed my hand I looked into his 
war-worn features. Tears were glistening 
in them, and also upon his chocks. He 
turned from me after indicating that the cav- 
alry officer who stood in front of the marquee 
had charge of my escort. 

Thus did I take leave of our heroic com- 
mander. In another moment I was in the 
saddle and in the centre of my escort, mov- 
ing off at an eight mile gait to the south- 
ward. After a brisk ride of half an hour 
we drew up at a wayside inn, and the man- 
ner in which we were received by the land- 
lord assured me that he was a unionist. 

I dismounted and was ushered into a room 
by a lady who presently placed before me 
a handsome silk skirt, a riding habit and a 
hat. I remembered that in my instructions 
a change of dress would be provided for 
me, and I was metamorphosed from a Viv- 
andiere into a fine equestrienne. 

The lady, who assisted me, assured me 
that my new habiliments, to her taste, very 
much improved my appearance ; and she 
took occasion to remark that as I was going 
into the land of rebcklom, she hoped that I 
would not, as other ladies had done, abuse 
the unionists as soon as I was among my 
own jjeople. 

From this remark I inferred that she be- 
lieved me a little rebel, notwithstanding I 
had appeared in ' retl, white and blue.' 

I sought not to undeceive her, but thank- 
ed her for her kindness, and after partaking 
of some refreshment fshe retired from the 

I here took occasion to conceal in the lin- 
ing of my skirt, the document which was 
only to be perused after reaching the place 
to which I was destined. I sewed up the 
rent made for this purpose before it was an- 
nounced that my escort was in readiness for 
my immediate departure. 

Bidding adieu to the lady who had given 
me a word of caution, I took my place in 
the line as before, and we proceeded onward 
at a brisk pace. A white flag was borne in 

the van of the escort, which bespoke our 
proximity to the frontier of rebeldom. 

We had not proceeded more than three 
miles when the troop halted ; and a few shrill 
trumpet tones caused to appear from the 
skirt of a wood several soldiers in a grey 
uniform. They were a detachment of the 
outer picket guard, and in a few moments 
an officer rejoined them, with a subordinate 
bearing the symbol of peace. 

The accustomed signal passed between 
the two parties, when, simultaneously, from 
each, advanced the two flag bearers with an 
officer and two soldiers accompanying each. 
They met in the middle of the plain wi^h an 
apparently friendly greeting, and after a few 
moments our detachment returned, when I 
was informed that it was agreed that I 
should have permission to enter the rebel 
lines, where an escorf would be provided to 
accompany me to the town of Calhoun, Mis- 
sippi, where I could take the cars for Jack- 
son, the Capital of the State. I dismount- 
ed and bade the officer adieu. 

The transfer was made without further 
ceremony, and I found myself for the first 
time actually under the protection of the 

You may be assured that my feelings were 
anything but agreeable in this change of my 
situation, though there was nothing like fear 
commingled with them 

I was received with some show of cour- 
tesy at the quarters of an officer in a hand- 
some uniform, and of gallant bearing, and 
although not more than twenty years of ago 
he wore the bado'e of a lieutenant-colonel on 
his shoulder. 

He immediately acquainted me with the 
information, which I did not know before, 
that within twenty-four hours I should prob- 
ably reach my home, though I could not 
precisely see how such a thing could come 
to pass, for I had thus fur travelled in a 
contrary direction, from that haven, and, 
moreover, it nowhere existed within the 
realm of Seeessia. He also said that he 



ehould provide me with a safe escort to the 
railway station, when I should require no 
farther protection. 

I thanked him for his proffered kindness, 
and I am quite sure that nothing akin to 
surprise was expressed in my countenance. 
I could not but observe that he scrutinized 
my features more closely than was agreeable, 
though I was not aware what it was that 
prompted him, until he commenced a train 
of remarks which savored more of flattery 
than wisdom, and more of affection than 
friendship. His language at leagth became 
so ardent that I was compelled to say to 

' Sh, you forget that we were but now 
utter strangers. Wlio and what you are I 
do not know. Who and what I am you are 
equally ignorant of. Therefore I beg that 
■you will desist from addressing me in lan- 
guage more becoming a sister than a stran- 

' Lady, ' said he, in the most respectful 
manner, ' pardon my presumption. I will 
be more discreet. In the first place let me 
inform you that T am a Lieutenant Colonel 
in the army of the Confederacy. My name 
is Frederick Lamar, the son of one of the 
most distinguished officials of the Confed- 
erate Government, and the proprietor of the 
largest plantation in Northern Georgia, and 
the owflcr of nineteen hundred ni<>;o;ers. 
Thus you will perceive I am a gentleman 
and no beggar. As for yourself, lady, this 
letter informs me who you are. Your name 
is Marietta Marland ; you are the daughter 
of the late Brandon Marland ; and though 
your father died without a large fortune, he 
left a name behind liim to be honored ; and, 
besides, he left a daughter whose marvellous 
beauty, in my eyes, far exceeds that of any 
lady I ever beheld, and she now sits before 
me. Inasmuch as I have been so frank, I 
beg you will not consider us strangers any 
longer ; and as but a few brief moments is 
left me for an opportunity to express that 

love which you have kindled in my heart, 
oh, pardon me, if I improve th3m.' 

I would have checked my new suitor in 
his speech, for his fulsome flattery really 
disgusted me, but I deemed it prudent under 
the circiunstances to listen to his ridiculous 
protestations, knowing that I should soon be 
beyond the hearing of his intemperate 

He had, as it seemed, fallen deeply in 
love with some fancied charms of mine at 
first sight, and the short time he would be 
in my company was his apology for his rash 
and hasty warmth in declaring it. 

I deemed it poUtic neither to encourage 
or discourage him, for it was possible emer- 
jjencies might rise when a friend like Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Lamar might be of service to 
me. I therefore kept quite silent, as well 
as abashed, and so long as his familiarity 
was confined to his tongue I bore it with due 

At length we were interrupted by the 
entrance of a subordinate who informed the 
colonel that the escort was in waiting. 

As his orders were peremptory in facili- 
tating my journey, he had but time to gain 
(rora me a promise that I would receive a 
call from him whenever his good fortune 
should carry him to the capital of the State. 

AVith all the politeness he was probably 
master of, he led me forth to the escort, and 
after looking at the hoi'se which was to bear 
me, and carefully scrutinizing the saddle, 
girths and bridle, he assisted me to mount, 
when we immediately set off through a mule 
path of the wood in which the pickets were 

I assure you that it created in -me no 
surprise that my name loas Mtmetta Mar- 
land, for I had been addressed as Miss 
Marland from the time my previous escort 
had halted at the inn, as it appeared for my 
special commendation ; and moreover, as I 
left it, I saw some articles of luggage bear- 
ing the name of ' Marietta Marland ' which 
had been brought forward by the federal 



escort on the baxjk of a mule, and which had 
been transferred with myself. Neither was I 
surprised ou hearing that I was the daughter 
of the late lion. Brandon Marland ; or that 
my home was in the suburbs of Jackson, 
Mississippi ; for I had been warned not to be 
surprised at anything which might be devel- 
oped with regard to me on the journey, or 
when I had ^nally reached its termination. 

The officer of the present escort had made 
himself as agreeable as possible. He was 
an older and a more prudent man. Yet he 
was exceedingly communicative, and I 
adroitly drew from him a vast deal of infor- 
mation touching the movements of the sev- 
eral armies of the Confederacy, — their plans, 
their hopes and their prospects, — which 
would nbver have been conveyed by an 
adherent of the insurgent cause to one whom 
he entertained the slightest surpicion was 
tainted with loyalty to the Union. 

Nothing worthy of note transpired on the 
journey. Suffice it that it was a tedious 
one, and req^uired neai'ly the whole of two 
days before we reached the railway station, 
when I was placed in the charge of the con- 
ductor of a train, and in an hour or two 
reached Jackson. The conductor procured 
me a carriage, and directed the hackman 
to drive me to ' Magnolia Villa.' 

To speak the truth this was the first time 
I had ever heard of ' Magnolia Villa, ' and 
I assure you I experienced some strange, 
indescribable sensations, during my ride 
thither, which occupied some twenty-five or 
thirty minutes. 

But as I was yet to remain passive, and 
believing that the same power which had 
guided me thus far safely on my pilgrimage 
would not desert me now, I kept up a pro- 
per degree of courage, and awaited subse- 
quent events with all due philosophy. 

It was the beginning of the twilight hour 
of a beautiful evening, when the carriage, 
which bore me, turned up a winding avenue 
shaded by magnolia trees, and bordered with 
a prolific box-hedge. 

At length a smooth lawn, dotted with 
parterres of flowers was just visible from the 
carriage window, and in a few iiioinents a 
hand.some but somewhat anti(|ue looking 
villa, with wide verandahs, and, almost 
concealed by vines, suddenly appeared to 
my searching view. 

The can-iage halted — the door was opened 
by an aged negro, and I alighted, and was 
greeted by shouts and cheers by a group of 
negroes, who had hied to the spot on hearing 
the approach of a carriage. 




" ' LoRDY" massa, Missee 'Etta, am dat 
you ? ' ejaculated a negress of some sixty 
years, who actually embraced and kissed me 
with as much affection as if I had been her 
own child. ' Am it ra'ly you ? How you 
hab grown ! Dese ole eyes ucber speck to 
see you grow'd to be so fine a lady. Oh ! 
if your poo' ole fader and mudder war only 
'libe now, wouldn't dey leap out ob dar skin 
for bery joy? Wal — wal — glad you cum 
homo 'gin ; douQ;li tin?;.? much chano;e scnce 
you went way off to dat bordin' school. 
But wo hab kep do ole mansion, and all de 
ole niggas an' some ob de young ones, too. 
Massa didn't lose quite all he prop'ty 'fore 
he die. Why, Lor bress you, why don't 
you say sumfin ? When you were a leetle 
pickaninny, not more dan five year ole, you 
would talk and laff all do time ; but tirteen 
year hab made de diff'rence. Tirteen year 
dis bery monf you war sent 'way from dis 
ole nuss, and now you cum back an' not say 
a word to ole Aunt Rosy.' 

' And are you Aunt Rosy ? ' I ejaculated 
with as much surprise as I dared a.ssume. 
'I certainly should not have known you.' 

* Wal, it can't be hep'd. Cudn't speck 



you to 'member much, coz you lef ' us 'fore 
you were five, six year ole.' 

I3y this time some six or eight aged ne- 
groes and negresses, with half a score or 
more of grinning, shiny-faced pickaninnies, 
who had congregated, now lined the way 
from the carriage to the door, and absolute- 
ly made the welkin ring with shouts of joy 
and congratulations at my safe arrival home! 

Home ! I must confess I never felt so far 
away from home, nor never felt go little at 
home, as now. 

It was quite certain my arrival had been 
anticipated, for I found a room already pre- 
pai"ed for my reception, and tidy servants to 
wait upon me ; and by the time I could at- 
tire myself ia a wardrobe which I had never 
seen before, a nice, well-prepared supper 
was awaiting me. I confess that the strange- 
ness which everywhere surrounded me did 
not particularly affect my appetite, for I have 
seldom partaken of a meal with a keener rel- 
ish ; nor did it affect my sleep, for I never 
slumbered more profoundly than I did on 
that night — too profound for visions of evil 
or of good. 

When I arose the next morning I found 
that old Sol had preceded me for more than 
two hours, although I had been accustomed, 
during my camp life, to greet the first beams 
of the morning sun. 

As on. the night previous, I partook of a 
sumptuous repast entirely alone, with the 
same ready slaves to anticipate my every 
want. I had not yet seen a white person 
about the house, and from the remarks 
which dropped from the hps of the daughters 
of Africa about me, I arrived at the conclu- 
sion that I was the sole mistress and propri- 
etress of Magnolia Villa, and all its animate 
and inanimate appurtenances. 

After breakfast I sauntered forth into the 
gardens, and went among the negro huts, 
where I patted the little ones on the heads, 
kissed the infantile portion, and congratulated 
the older ones upon their looking so well, 

receiving from the latter in return many a 
' Gorra bress you, Missee Marietta ! ' 

I could not appear cheerful, nor could I 
converse freely ; the truth is, that I was not 
quite ' at home ; ' but there was for me a 
mission to fulfil ; and one of my important 
instructions was to receive information and* 
not to impart it. 

Under some circumstances my ramble 
would have been a delightful one, for every- 
thing about the villa was charmingly beauti- 
ful, ar<d every face had a smiling welcome 
for the stranger. 

My thoughts were too busy to assume my 
wonted cheerfulness, or to reciprocate suffi- 
ciently such kindly greetings ; and it was 
absolutely a relief to me when I returned to 
the house and found myself alone in a pret- 
tily-furnished boudoii, made fragrant with 
climbing roses and honeysuckles, which half 
shaded the wide, open casement ; and made 
musical with a pair of canaries in a cage 
that hung in the room, and whose warbling 
seemed like strains of sweet and joyous wel- 
come to one whom they now possibly looked 
to for care and protection. 

Oh ! that I could only have banished 
from my thoughtful brain the idea that I was 
there in a false position ! and I almost en- 
vied the real, bona fide possessor of so much 
that could not be otherwise than gratifying 
to the senses. 

But what was she ? This was a startling 
question ; and it roused me to a full sense 
of my strange, austere duties. 

My first matter of duty was to read the 
document of instructions wliich had been 
given me. As it was wi-itten in cipher, it 
proved no ordinary task ; and it required no 
less than two hours to make myself mistress 
of its serious import ; and as it governed 
entirely my subsequent acts, suffice it now 
for me to say that it commenced by inform- 
ing me that the character, which I had thus 
far been made involuntarily to enact, I must 
keep up for the present ; and it assured me 
that it could do no harm to the genuine 



Marietta Marland, as that lady was quietly 
pursuing her studies in a Female Seminary 
of Kentucky, and under the protection of 
her aunt, a lady who was ardently devoted 
to the cause of the Union, and that it was 
impossible for her niece to return to her 
parentless home until my mission should be 
ended ; and also that it was quite impossible 
that I could be recognized for any other 
than the rightfal possessor of Magnolia 
Villa, inasmuch as I not only bore a strong 
resemblance to the genuine Miss Marland, 
but that that lady had not visited Jackson, 
since she was a child. 

I read and re-read all that followed, and 
having committed every sentence to memoiy, 
I lighted a match to the paper and saw it 
burn to ashes. The only suspicious thing I 
now possessed was the key £o the cipher, 
legibly marked upon a card. 

Havinor an embroidered waist, with long 
sleeves, I employed an hour's time in inter- 
spersing the characters of the key, with a 
needle, so skilfully among the figures of both 
sleeves, that they appeared to furm a part of 
the ornamentation ; and I had but to cast 
my eyes alternately from one arm to the 
other to interpret any communication in 
cipher that I might receive. 

I then destroyed the card, and felt that 
I was now divested of everything that could 
possibly incur suspicion. 

I had scarcely taken this precaution when 
it was announced that 'Squire Tomlinson, 
the administrator of the Marland estate, and 
Diy guardian, had arrived to congTatulate 
me on my return, and to consult toe on 
matters connected with my welfare. 

Mj first impulse was to send word that 
I could not see him until another day ; but 
a second thought convinced me that I should 
be no better prepared to hazard an interview 
with him on the morrow or next day than at 
the present time. I therefore sent him word 
that I was glad he had come, and would be 
with him presently ; and scarcely had my 
message been delivered when I hastily en- 

tered the parlor, attired only in a loose morn- 
ing robe, tliere to see the strangest looking 
gentleman it had ever beea my fortune to 
meet with. 

He stojd in the centre of the room, with 
a broad-brimmed hat upon his head, which 
he did not remove upon my entrance. 

Six feet and two inches, at least, was his 
height ; his figure was slim, and encased in 
oddly-fashioned clothes of drab ; his features 
were sharp and gaunt, and his complexion 
and hair partook within a shade or two of 
the color of his garments. 

I certainly must liave expressed consider- 
able surprise at his appearance ; and I was 
not a little abashed when I beheld his grey 
eyes, shaded by drab eyebrows, scrutinize 
me from head to foot. He at length broke 
a silence of at least forty seconds' duration: 

' Daughter look up ! fear not ! for I am 
thy faithful guiU'dian and steward, Obadiah 
Tomlinson,' said he, as he raised himself 
still farther upward by attempting to stand 
upon his toes. ' Thou dost not recognize 
me ? Verily, it is not strange, for thou hast 
not seen me, nor I thee, since thou wast of 
a yard in stature. Sit thee down, and I will 
sit me down likewise, for I have nuich to 
say to thee and much to show thee, which 
tliou mayst not comprehend without my ex- 

At the conclusion of this speech, he bent 
his lank body into an angle of forty-five de- 
grees, and planted himself firmly in a 
straight-backed oaken chair, which looked 
as if it had been fashioned for his own con- 
venience and after his own taste. 

' Shall I not take your hat,' said I, ven- 
turing towards him, and with difficulty sup- 
pressing a laughable outbreak at his ludi- 
crous appearance. 

' Verily thou canst not take that which I 
fain would keep on my head,' he answered, 
waving me towards a ch^ir near him. ' Thy 
honored father, thy sainted mother didst 
ever permit Obadiah to sit in their presence 



covered ; and wilt not tlieir only offspring 
emulate their benevolence ? ' 

' Oh, most certainly, Mr Tomlinson,' I 
leplied, seating myself as he desired. 

' Obadiah, if thou pleasest. They never 
addressed me in the worldly way. It pleased 
them to style me only as Obadiah, after the 
manner of the patriarchs.' 

' I piay you to pardon me, Mister Oba- 
diah — ' 

' Not Mister Obadiah, maiden, but plain 

' I will speak as you shall instruct me.' 

' Ah, verily, in that the damsel remindest 
me of the paternal relation in whose arms I 
have often seen her. But I have come to 
thee to-day, Marietta, on business, — to give 
thee an account of my stewardship, as these 
books shall abundantly testify ; ' and he 
placed his bands upon a pile of folios upon 
the table beside him. ' Firstly, is the day- 
book, where all original entries are made ; 
secondly, the journal ; thirdly, the ledger ; 
fourthly, the cash-book ; fifthly, the mer- 
chandise and stock account ; and lastly, the 
check, or bank-book. Likewise, have I 
drawn up a statement, on these five loose 
sheets of paper, — a full statement of thy 
temporal affau's, including a balance sheet 
which I am pleased to say will show thee 
that the estate is in a much sounder condi- 
tion than when its management was entrusted 
to my hands. My stewardship comprises a 
tenn of nearly half a score of years ; hence 
the voluminousness of these volumes. — 
Firstly, I will begin with the day-book, and 
show thee each original entry ; secondly, 
the journal, in which every transaction is 
legibly and correctly recorded ; thirdly, the 
ledger, which is a succinct compendium of 
the whole.' 

'How long a time, think you, will it take 
to go through these books in the manner 
which you propose ? ' I ventured to ask, 
already tired of his business, and his tedious, 
methodical mode of speaking. 

' K, maiden, thou wilt pay strict attention 

to me four hours per day, for nine days 
successively, I promise thee that thou shalt 
have full comprehension of thine own affairs, 
and a knowledge of the faitliful manner in 
which thy humble servant hast fulfilled his 

I could not help smiling at this absurd 
proposition, and frankly told him that such 
an infliction would end in sending me to the 
insane asylum. 

' To whom, then, can I render up an 
account of my stewardship ? Thou art the 
only surviving inheritor of the Magnolia 

' I care not to whom,' was my careless 

' Verily, thou art the daughter of thy 
father. He was a careless man in all that 
appertained to the recorded transactions of 
his business. Else he might have been a 
millionaire, and thou the richest heiress in 

' If the father loved not book accounts, 
blame, not the daughter for loathing tliem, 

' I would not blame thee, maiden ; 'tis 
not Obadiah's way. Verily, I very much 
feareth that to heaven alone shall I ever be 
enabled to render up an account of this part 
of my earthly stewardship ; ' and he closed 
the book with a sigh, and with as much 
reverence as if it had been the Holy Bible. 

' If it will please you, I will examine the 
statement and trial balance that you spoke 
of. From that I shall be enabled to gather 
all that is essential for a young, giddy gurl 
to know.' 

' Aye, verily, if thou wouldst but know 
the simple footing of years of labor,' said 
the Quaker, as he placed in my hands the 
balance sheet, from which I readily learned 
the heiress of Magnolia Villa possessed ten 
thousand dollars in stocks and bonds, five 
thousand in ready cash, thirty-five negroes, 
and the beautiful homestead 

' It is quite enough,' said I, returning 



the balance sheet, wi*-h an air of indiffer- 

* Heaven be praised if thou art satisfied ; 
for it is but the savings from the wreck of a 
princely fortune ; aye, verily.' 

' AVhat has become of the bulk of the 
great estate,' I asked. 

' Oh, that thy faithful servant, Obadiah, 
had it in his power to tell thee ! ' he ex- 
claimed, raising both hands. ' Thy honorecT 
father was truly an honest man, and he had 
the credulity to believe that those with whom 
ho dealt were honest, too; and, verily, 
many of them cheated, aye, swindled 
him out of his goods ; and when the estate 
was placed in my hands for settlement, it 
was well nigh insolvent ; and had I not been a 
faithful stewtu'd, I could not have rendered 
up so good aa account as I have rendered 
up to thee.* 

' For which, Obadiah, you have my 
thanks ; and as you seem to be so trustwor- 
thy a man, I will consent to gratiiy your 
desire that I should examine these books ; 
but you must permit me to do it in my own 
way. You shall leave them with me, and 
whenever I am in the mood I will undertake 
the great' 

This proposition did not seem to suit 
Broadbrim, and he made many objections, 
such as that he could not spare the books 
from his hands a sufficient length of time — 
that many things required explanation — that 
he could not trust them from his own safe 
over night, etc., etc. But the more objec- 
tions he made the more strenuous I became, 
until I absolutely had to command him to 
leave them. 

The truth is, I began to be suspicious of 
Broadbrim's honesty, from the fact that he 
boasted of it ; and as I had sufficient curi- 
osity to fathom his real characier, I resolved 
to pry into the mysteries of the well-worn 
tomes before me. 

He at length yielded up the point, but 
bade me, as I valued my own welfare, not 
to let them go out of ray own keeping. I 

promised to keep faithful watch over them, 
and now only waited to be rid of his uncom- 
fortable presence ; but he manircsted no dis- 
position to leave. He seemed like one that 
had a weigiity matter upon his mind, of wliich 
he would be relieved. 

After my patience became quite exhausted 
I said to him: 

' Well, Obadiah, is there anything more 
to be requu-ed of me ? for I had proposca 
to myself to take a stroll through the grounds 
before the dinner hour.' 

' I would fain stroll with thee, for I have 
that to say to thee which must greatly affect 
thy future welfare.' 

' Indeed ! then I would hear it now, and 

There was a pause for several moments, 
when he raised his grey eyes to mine, and 
said meekly : 

' ]ilarietta, tliou art indeed a comely maid- 
en, and it is not well for thee to be alone. 
I would resign my stewardship into hands 
more capable of performing its functions. T 
have a son — a comely youth — who would 
fain put on the armor of a warrior, and go 
forth to fight the bai'barous Yankees, who 
with their great guns are invading the land 
of our fathers. But fighting is an abomi- 
nation, — aye, an abomination in the eight 
of the Lord — hence I would have him grow 
up a man of peace. Thou hast the power 
to save him from becoming a slayer of man- 
kind. Thy bright eyes and sweet smiles 
would deter him from going into vthe camp 
of the warriors, and, perchance be laid low 
by the Yankee Philistines. In brief, fair 
maiden, I would ask thy hand for him in 
marriage. He shall be as well endowed 
with the riches of this world as thou art — 
yea, verily, he shall increase the Magnolia 
estate fourfold. Wilt thou say yea to so 
ehgible and generous an offer ? ' 

' Why, Obadiah,' I repHed, laughing 
heartily at the ridiculous proposition. ' This 
son of yours I have never seen, nor has he 
ever seen me. If marriage was ever so de- 



sirable, I would never take a leap in the 
dark in that direction. But I have at pres- 
ent no desire for wedded life. I am not one 
of those romantic school-girls who, as soon 
as they have put aside their books, jump 
hap-ha2;ard into the toils, troubles and uncer- 
tainties of matrimony. Oh, no, friend Oba- 
diah, I desire freedom — ^freedom — for the 
next five years at least.' 
' Art thou thus resolved ? ' 
' Never was woman more sincere.' 

* Then it behooves thy guardian to say 
that thou hast not resolved well nor wisely. 
Thou wilt be exposed to the snares and 
temptations of this wicked world ; thou wilt 
be scandalized, though thou art pure as an 
angel. Reconsider thy purpose and believe 
in thy faithful guardian.' 

' Urge me not — I am inflexible on that 

* So it seems, and I will obey ; for it is 
not meet for me to urge the stubborn spirit; 
but I will venture to affirm that shouldst 
thou hold converse for an hour with my son 
Potiphar, thy heart would yearn towards 

' Then I must beg of you, good guardian, 
not to permit Potiphar to venture near 
INIagnolia Villa, lest my firm resolve be 
shaken,' said I, in a halt-serious, half-jocose 

' Verily, it paineth me to see that thou 
hast much frivolty in thy nature,' said he, 
seeming a little vexed at the manner in 
which I had treated his last suggestion, and 
he arose to depart. 

' I hope I have given no offence,' said I. 

' It becometh not one of the house of 
Tomlinson ever to be offended. I am only 
disappointed that thou hast treated my favor- 
able proposition with so much levity,' he 
replied, with all the dignity that he was 
master of. ' Should you need any funds, 
services or advice, send one of thy servants 
to Basswood Mansion — the time-honored 
home of the Tomlinsons — and thy wishes 
shall meet with a response.' 1 

With these words he clasped his hands 
across his breast, raised himself upon his 
toes, uttered a profound si^h, and wheclin" 
about with all the precision of a drill-sergeant 
he marched with long strides out of the 
house ; and glad enough was I to be rid of 

I summoned a house servant, and bade 
her take the account books to the boudoir, 
whither I followed, and soon found myself 
deeply absorbed in the mysteries of book- 
keeping. Though by no means an adept in 
the art, I failed not to discover that the 
books were kept in so slovenly a manner 
that, as the Quaker had suggested, there 
might be some things that would require 
explanation; and this was especially the 
case with the almost endless pages of ' The 
Magnolia Estate in account with Obadiah 
Tomlinson ; ' an account which, from the 
nature of the transactions noted, and his 
real duties as steward, satisfied me that he, 
more than any other person, had caused the 
estate to diminish from a princely fortune, 
to a moderate competency. 

On the following morning, immediately 
after the breakfast hour, I received a visit 
fi'om the ' comely young man ' for whom my 
hand had been so urgently solicited by his 
father, and who rejoiced in the euphonious 
name of Potiphar Tomlinson. 

As I was determined not to become 
Potipliar's wife, lest I should turn into 
something less desirable than a pillar of salt, 
I did not receive him with that cordiality, or 
reserve, or bashfulness with which young 
damsels are wont to receive their lovers. 

' My name is Potiphar Tomlinson, Miss 
— Miss — Manetta,' said he stammeringly, 
as he introduced himself. 

' I should have known you by your 
strong resemblance to your father,' I re- 

' Yea — ^yea — verily — I — I — believe I do 
bear a striking resemblance to Obadiah, my 
father ; but some folks are pleased to say 
that I am the image of Abishag, my mother, 



who, although I, Potiphar, the son, says it, 
is a remarkably fine-looking woman.' 

' Well, Potiphar, what is your business 
with me at so early an hour in the morn- 
ing ? ' 

' Bless mo. Miss — Miss — Marietta ; why, 
it's five minutes after nine o'clock, and five 
hours hath passed since I took the first sniff 
of tlie morning air. I — I — didn't come for 
anything very particular. Obadiah, my 
father, thought I'd better come — he did — 
and so I have — and how's thy health ? ' 

' Surprisingly good, I thank heaven.' 

• So I should think — thee looketh pretty 
well — I may say very well — better than any 
lady in Jackson, or anywhere else, so far as 
I know,' and he twirled his broadbrim so 
nervously that he dropped it upon the floor, 
and it rolled almost to my feet. ' Beg 
pardon, a thousand times,' he continued, 
following hi3 tile ; ' father Obadiah says, 
Potiphar, always wear thy hat ; but I some- 
times trans'iTCSs his law, and am sure to 2;et 
— get — into trouble, as I have this time. 
Some folks say 'taint polite to wear hats in 
presence of ladies, and I like to conform to 
what's polite in spite of Obadiah. Hope 
thee will excuse me ;' and he seized his 
broadbrim and crowded it so hard upon the 
back part of his head that there was no 
danger of its fallmg off. ' Well, good 
morning. Marietta. Abishag, my mother, 
sent her love to thee, which I forgot until 
now — hopes thee will find time to come over 
to Basswood IMansion. Grood bye. Oh ! J 
foro'ot that Obadiah instructed me to bring 
to his counting-house the account books 
which he did leave here for thy perusal.' 

' But I have not yet done with them. I 
find them, more interesting than I antici- 

' Then thou wilt keep them until thou 
hast finished them. Of course, Obadiah, 
my father, meant so to instruct me. I will 
come to Magnolia again when Obadiah 
sceth fit to permit me. I am his only son, 
and my wish ia to obey my father, and my 

mother, too, when her will runneth not in a 
counter direction.' 

. ' I doubt not that you are a most dutiful 

' It gives me unbounded joy to hear thee 
say so — much more than if any other fair 
damsel had said it. Farewell. I shall come 
to see thee again — of that I assurest thee. ' 

' Do not give yourself any trouble, I pray 

' Oh, believe me, it will be an exceeding 
pleasure. Be.-ides, it is meet that I should 
come, for I am a young man in search of — 
of — of — a — a — ' 

' His father's account books,' said I, 
spoiling an interesting speech which I did 
not care to hear. 

He tarried no longer, but, in imitation of 
his sire, he crossed his hands on his breast, 
raised himself on tip-toe, and uttered a deep 
sigh ; then turning right about on his heel, 
he strode off so quickly that the skirt of his 
long drab coat absolutely seemed to fly be- 
hind him. 

This was my first interview with Poti- 
phar ; aTid I indulged in a hearty laugh as 
I saw him receding from my view at a forty- 
inch pace, down the Magnolia-bordered av- 

No other incident worth noting occurred 
on that day ; and as you, Captain Manly, 
must be somewhat fatigued in listening to 
my narrative, I will reserve the remainder 
for anot'iier occasion, when I will relate to 
you how I became, involuntarily, a great 
and much courted lady in Sccessia; how I 
made myself useful to the person I was made 
to personage, by unmasking a hypocritical 
broadbrim, and divers other strange things 
which befel me. 







" On the folio win 2; mormnor," said Vir- 
ginia, resuming her narrative, " I intimated 
to Eliza, one of my semi-sable attendants, 
that I proposed to visit the town and make 
some purchases. 

' Dat's right, missus,' she replied. 'Twill 
do dis ole heart much good to see de car- 
riage 0' massa and missus — bress dere dead 
an' gone souls — once more at de doo'. 
'Twill look as if de ole times wus eomin' 
ba<'.k 'gin, for long is de day dat de fam'ly 
coach hab been seen in de town ; ' and be- 
fore I could give her any instructions she 
darted out of the house with a sprightliness 
which I had not before seen her exhibit. 

In a few moments she returned and in- 
formed me that she instructed the old family 
coachman to get liimself and the coach in 
readiness for a drive. 

I was not aware of the task I had imposed 
on the coachman, and on some half a dozen 
others who were called to his assistance, 
until, after waiting a full hour, I inquired of 
Eliza the cause of the delay. 

' Ah, missus, dat ar' coach hab'nt ben 
out de coach-house for seben long year ; an' 
I speck it hab to be cleaned, an' de wheels 
greased, an' de harness mended, an' de 
bosses combed to make dem look lilc e what 
dey once was. Den Cuffeehab to brush up 
he libery, and Jo and Jim de footmen dar 
libery too.' 

' Why, Eliza, I do not require liveried 
servants to accompany me to do a little shop- 

' Dat's ngt de ting, missus,' she resumed, 
quite excited at an event that hadn't oc- 
curred for so many years ; ' de ancien' spec- 
tability ob de fam'ly muss be kep up, an' 
when de folks in de town see de Magnolia 
coach agin, dey will say dat 'fairs up to de 
villa am all right again ; and when dey see j 

de new missus ob de house ridin' in it won't 
dey all be calhng heie as dey useter call! 
Golly, missus, dar'll be music at Magnolia 
Villa soon — dat's shuah ! ' 

I couldn't precisely understand the phil- 
osophy of her reasoning ; but I came to the 
conclusion that in some way or another the 
reappearance of the family coach, with the 
last of the house in it, was likely to create 
something of a sensation ; and w^hen finally 
the vehicle was in readiness and came up to- 
the door, one glance convinced me that it 
could not fail of attracting attention, to say 
the least. 

It was a ponderous looking vehicle — a- 
huge barouche of an antique pattern — with 
faded silk linings — its leather top sunkeu 
and cracked — its ornaments dingy, and the- 
carved and gilded escutcheon of the Mar- 
lands on either panel much effaced. 

The horses looked as if they were hitched 
to a plough rather than to a pretentious 
coach, and the harnesses comported well 
with the rest of the establishment. 

But that which most attracted my atten- 
tion and excited my risibles, was the coach-^ 
man, dressed in a full suit of buff livery, 
set off with silver plated flat buttons of the 
full size of an American silver dollar. 

The garments looked a little rusty, and 
sundry filigree work about the sleeves satis- 
fied me that the moths had made themselves 
somewhat acquainted with the texture of the 
fabric. Then<Tiis enormously high-crowned 
hat with an imposing black cockade, and his 
white wool curling profusely about his ears, 
together with a high white choker and a still 
higher collar, stiffly starched, altogether 
gave him an appearance of the effigy of an 
ancient nobleman's coachman, rather than a 
knight of the reins and whip of the present 

He looked neither to the right nor to the 
left, but sat erect upon his box, the stiffest 
and most dignified specimen of humanity 
that ever ornamented the stem of a coach. 

To make the whole thing as supremely 



ridif^ulous as possible, a pair of young ne- 
groes were mounted behind the coach, each 
encased ia a costume improvised for the 
occasion. They stood there grinning bke a 
pair of apsG, at their new position, and were 
wondering to themselves why ' Old Cuffee 
put dcin up dar to ride when dey wur only 
to perform the part of ybo^men.' 

At first siglit of this remarkable turn-out, 
I almost resolved to remand the whole thing, 
horses, coach, footmen and driver back to 
then: respective places ; but on reflection I 
came to the conclusion that it would be 
discreet, — at least for me, — not to venture 
on any innovations in the mode of doing 
things at Magnolia Villa ; and, moreover, I 
succeeded in manifesting no symptoms of 
the surprise I felt ; but finally placed my- 
self with the proffered assistance of the two 
grinning apes, in the ponderous vehicle, and 
it rolled heavily onward down Magnolia 
Avenue, into the great highway leading to 
the city, as grandly as if it had been the 
State carriage of Jefi". Davis himself. 

It is true that all the great dogs and all 
the little dogs saluted the carriage with their 
yelpings, as we passed ; and also that all 
the men, women and children that we 
encountered en route stared at the single 
vehicle with as much curiosity as if it had 
been a grand caravan of living animals ; and 
they all had a fine opportunity, for Cuffee, 
the coachman, could not or did not persuade 
the animals to move faster than a four mile 
gait. I more than half suspected that he 
drove the team much more moderately than 
was necessary, for the sole purpose of 
attracting all the attention possible to this 
unique and gay turn-out. 

After a ride of thirty-five or forty minutes 
we entered the principal street of the capital 
of the State. My Jehu seemed to be per- 
fectly at home in this embryo metropolis ; 
and he appeared to take especial delight in 
driving by all the public edifices, — the State 
House, the Executive IMansion, the Lunatic 
Asylum, the Land Office, not slighting even 

the Penitentiary, — and finally drew up 
before the most pretentious dry goods store 
in the place ; and as it was situated directly 
opposite the principal hotel, were were con- 
gregated a vast number of military gentle- 
men, with a sprinkling of State officials, and 
an occasional politician of note, it is not to 
be wondered at that the JIagnolia turn-out 
attracted not a little attention from these 
gentlemen of leisure. 

In fact I had no sooner made my pur- 
chases and stepped upon the sidewalk again, 
than at least two-thirds of the idle, curious 
crowd had crossed the street, and now stood 
gaping at the equipage I had made my entree 
to Jackson in. 

As I approached the carriage some half 
dozen young officers vied with each other in 
endeavoring to show me all the civility that 
the place and circumstances could admits 
One of them persisted in conductmg me to 
the coach ; another performed a better 
service in causing those who huddled about 
the vehicle to stand out of tlie way, and 
another absolutely came up and addressed 
me as Miss Marland, claiming for his pre- 
sumption in speaking to me, to have been 
an intimate friend of our family ; said he 
knew me well when I was a child, although 
the soft beard upon his chin attested that he 
himself had not been born certainly more 
than a quarter of a century. lie introduced 
himself as Captain Clymer, of the 4th 
Mississippi Cavalry, and extended to me an 
invitation to visit his barracks near the bank 
of Pearl Fiiver, whenever it would suit my 

I of course accepted Jiis invitation, and 
thanked him for his courtesy, and appointed 
the following day for the visit. 

After making a few calls at the shops, I 
bade Cuffee drive homeward, but to make 
a diversion towards the military defences of 
the capital. I desired this more on account 
of making myself familiar with the topo- 
gi-aphy of the place, for you must know 
that I was absolutely a stranger there. 



We came to a point where the fortifica- 
tions of the place were in progress, and 
where the chief works could be overlooked 
from the coach. I remarked to CufFee as 
we halted, that everything seemed marvel- 
lously changed. 

' Ees, missus,' he replied. ' Bery much 
change, skasely know'd um mysel. De 
sojers dey turn all tings downside up, so de 
Yanks can't come ; but bressa God dey will 
come, shuah ! ' 

* What, Cuffee, have you, too, turned 
traitor ? ' 

' No, missus — ^I habn't got anything to 
turn traitor to.' 

' Ai'e you not satisfied with your treat- 
ment at Magnoha Villa ? ' 

' Ees, missus. Grolly, we hab eberyting 
we want out dar, but I was tinkin' ob de 
poo' niggas on de plantations. Dey hab 
nofin, 'cept pork and homminy and de hoss- 

' Do you desire your freedom ? ' 

' No, missus — wouldn't leabe Magnolia 
place for de world.' 

' What makes you think that the Yankees 
will come ? ' 

' Kase I dreamed dat dey wud cum, shuah 
— and when I dreams anyting, dat ting am 
shuah to happen.' 

' If that is your belief you had best keep 
it to yourself, because evil will come by ex- 
pressing it. ' 

' 'Zackly, missus, but I muss tell my 
missus — she muss know ebery ting — my 
heart tells me neber keep anyting secret 
from missus, an' if I had to die for it .she 
muss know it. Dey say de Yankees an' dere 
great king, Massa Abrum Linkum, am de 
poo' niggas bess frens, and missus know'd 
dat moss de massas in de souf am't de poo' 
niggas frens.' 

Cuifee expressed' himself with so much 
earnestness and sincerity of manner that I 
doubted not that he spoke the, sentiments of 
his heart, but fearing that my apeish footmen 
behind might comprehend too much, I si- 

lenced him, preferring to sound him further 
when a more favorable opportunity oiFered, 
for the idea occurred to me that I might find 
in him precisely the person that I might 
need in certain possible emergencies. 

After satisfying my curiosity as to the out- 
line of the rebel fortifications, my lumbering 
vehicle was again in motion, and as we were 
homeward bound it seemed to move with 
much greater celerity than when proceeding 
towards the capital. 

I experienced a great relief when I had 
alighted from the ancient coach of the Mar- 
lands, and had retired to my little boudoir 
where, undisturbed I could reflect on what 
I had seen and heard, and note that which 
was worth preserving in cipher. 

On the next day I repeated my visit to 
the town, but I contented myself with a one 
horse vehicle — a modified form of the curri- 
cle, — driven hy the disafiected Cuffee, minus 
his livery and the brace of fooimen,— which 
mode of driving out the heiress of the Mar- 
land estate, — the last of the race — comport- 
ed not exactly with his notions of dignity 
or propriety. But I silenced all expostula- 
tions, and suppressed all manifestations, in 
opposition to the independent stand I had 
taken to have my own way, and Cuflee suc- 
cumbed to the powers that were with due 
grace and humility. 

Nothing of interest occurred on this ray 
second visit to the town, except that I made 
the discovery that every shopkeeper I visited 
appeared not only to recognize me, but to 
address me as Miss Marland. My credit I 
also found was well established, hut having 
sufficient funds to meet all requirements I 
did not avail myself of it. 

On my return, in passing the hotel I have 
before spoken of, I was not a little surprised 
to observe standing amid a group of officers, 
the gallant Lieut. Colonel Lamar, who was 
the officer of my escort after crossing with- 
in the lines of Secessia. 

A slight salute of recognition came from 
him, and a tremor thrilled me to the very 



Boul, for the thought that he must be iu 
Jackson on important business, and per- 
chance, in no agreeable manner connected 
with myself, gave me no little uneasiness. 

I was the heroine of a plot, why may not 
he be the hero of a counterplot ? was a ques- 
tion which quickly suggested itself to my 

I weighed all the probabilities and possi- 
biUties, and by the time I had reached 3Iag- 
nolia Villa I came to the satisfactory con- 
clusion that ninety chances in a hundred 
were in favor of the plotter. 

When evening came a carriage rolled up 
the avenue, and four officers, in full uniform, 
were presently ushered into the parlor. 

I escaped therefrom before being observed, 
and hastened to my boudoir. 

A servant quickly came bearing a card 
with the address of Captain Clymer. 

Hastily arranging my toilet I descended, 
where I met my new acquaintance, who 
introduced me to three other officers, fine 
and gallant looking young men, all of whom 
apologized for making so unceremonious a 
call, inasmuch as they had formerly been 
frequent visitors at Magnolia Villa, and on 
intimate terms with members of our family. 
They all congratulated me on my safe 
return to the land of my birth, and to the 
home of my revered father and grand- 

I bade them be seated, and after a few 
common-place preliminaries they commenced 
plying *me with enquiries respecting the 
condition of affairs in ' Abe Lincoln's abo- 
Htion dominions.' 

Of course I represented things in as des- 
perate a state as possible without infringing 
upon absolute truths, and without giving 
them any real information which might be 
of possible value to the cause. That my 
answers gave them much satisfaction was 
evident from the chuckling manner in which 
they were received, and the tenor of their 

' Your observation confirms our supposi- 

tions, Miss Marland,' said Captain Clymer; 
' and the day is not far distant when their 
armies will be demoralized and disbanded. 
They have already reached the climax of 
their successes, and the farther they push 
their armies into the Confederacy the more 
total will bo their defeat, and the more 
glorious will be our victory.' 

' And hasn't it been good policy, captain, 
from the first, to entice these vandals as far 
into our territories as possible, that we may 
inflict upon them that punishment their 
audacity so justly merits ? ' asked a lieuten- 
ant of the party, 

' Precisely,' replied the captain; 'and in 
doing this our generals have proved them- 
selves skilful strategists.' 

' Doubtless,' rejoined a third officer, ' and 
it was for this that we evacuated Bowling 
Green, gave up Forts Donelson and Clark, 
and Island No. 10.' 

' Yes, and withdrew om* armies from the 
bloody fields of Pittsburg Landing and 
Shiloh, after half annihilatino; and scatterinnr 
the Yankee forces,' echoed the fourth 

'But now,' resumed Captain Clymer; 
' we have reached the extreme boundai'ies 
of our strategic retreats; and soon our 
armies will strike blow after blow so heavily 
and so rapidly upon the barbarous Yanks, 
that they will sue for peace on any terms.' 

' But why,' I asked, ' if the Yankees are 
not to be permitted to advance any farther 
into the Confederacy, why expend so much 
labor and money in fortifying a town so 
remote from their operations as Jackson ? ' 

' Ah ! jMiss Marland — a natural — a very 
natural question for one to ask,' repUed the 
captain. ' If that query has been put once 
it has been put a thousand times. It is not 
for the purpose of defence. Miss Marland, 
that those works were projected. They are 
being constructed only for the purpose of 
practice — to teach our young officers' the art , 
of engineering, and the privates skUl in the 
use of the pick and the spade. And as 



you have accepted an invitation to visit the 
entrenched portions of the city, I propose to 
come for you to-morrow, and after inspecting 
the works you will readily comprehend my 
explanation. ' 

' Thank you, captain, a visit would un- 
doubtedly be a source of much gratification 
to me,' I replied ; ' but I have been debat- 
ing in my own mind whether it is proper for 
me, a young lady, to manifest an interest in 
military afiliirs.' 

' Perfectly — oh, perfectly, Miss Marland,' 
replied Clymer, quite enthusiastically. ' Our 
young ladies, in some instances, evince a 
more patriotic ardor than many of our young 
gentlemen. In times of war an Amazonian 
spirit is much to be respected and ap- 
plauded ; and every lady, who manifests 
such a spirit, helps to aid the right cause by 
animating those whose duty it is to take the 
field, and sacrifice their lives if necessary, 
upon the altar of their country.' 

' I am glad to hear you say words so 
encouraging to those of my sex, for I have 
already conceived it to be my duty to do 
something more for our bleeding country 
than to remain at home, making pincushions 
and nick-nacks for the soldiers, or in picking 
lint for the hospitals. I am ambitious to be 
an attache of the camp, or the fortress, in 
some appropriate capacity.' 

' I have no doubt, I^Iiss Marland, that 
your fullest desires may be gratified. My 
distinguished relative, General Beauregard, 
has much influence with the powers that be 
at Hichmond. When you have determined 
the particular position that would be agree- 
able to you, my services in your behalf 
may at least be commanded.' 

' Thank you, Captain ' 

The conversation was here interrupted 
by the announcement of Colonel Lamar. 

' Col. Lamar ! Can it be possible he's 
in town ? What can have brought him 
from the army ? ' were the ejaculations 
uttered sotto voce by the lips of my visitors. 

Any intended answer to these queries 

were for the moment suspended by the 
entrance of the colonel himself. I received 
him with as much cordiality as my ardor 
would permit, for I could not avoid enter- 
taining the suspicion that his sudden arrival 
at Magnolia VLUa boded no particular good 
to myself. 

In truth I was not a little discomfited 
at the circumstance, notwithstanding the 
apparent impression I had made upon his 
susceptible heart while he journeyed with 
me into the land of Secessia. 

It could scarcely be possible, I reasoned, 
that he could have gained leave of absence 
while performing the imperative duty of 
guarding the frontier from Yankee incursions, 
unless intrusted with business essential to 
the rebel cause. 

He seemed quite reserved — asked me but 
few questions, and those of a common place 
nature, and mostly relative to the latter part 
of my journey. 

My answers were of course quite as com- 
mon-place, and tended to throw a Quaker- 
like spell upon the whole party. 

My first visitors, after enquiring for intel- 
ligence from the army in the field, and 
gaining such information as could be dieted 
from Lamar, rose, and expressing each 
gratification at the visit, bade me good eve- 
ning, and took their departure, leaving the 
colonel alone with me, to develope without 
interruption the nature of his business. 

' I fear. Miss Marland,' said he, ' that I 
have made an untimely visit, and that my 
brother ofiicers feel somewhat chagrined at 
my unexpected appearance here.' 

' Yom* visit is by no means untimely, 
colonel ; and I trust that my newly-made 
friends are not over-sensitive,' was my 

' You certainly had no reason to expect 
me so soon, but I must confess that from 
the moment that I parted with you at the 
Railway Station I regretted that — that' 

He hesitated, and there was an ominous 



expression upon his young and happy coun- 
tenance that gave nic some alarm. 

' Business of urgent importance, connected 
with your official duties, must have brought 
you to town from your post of duty,' I 
remarked, with almost tremulous accent. 

' Yes — no, not exactly — that is to say 
— I bog pardon, I scarcely know what to 
say,' he stammered, as if embarrassed with 
something of serious import that he desired 
to relieve himself of. ' The fact is. Miss 
Marland,' he at length resumed, ' I have 
come post haste from my regiment, with but 
three days leave of absence, for the purpose 
of informing you that my superior officer 
has conceived a foolish suspicion in regard 
to your real character, and to gain such 
intelligence as will dissipate his unfounded 

' Why you quite startle me, colonel,' said 
I, regaining by a great effort my wonted 
self possession. ' Prithee tell me, of what 
a weak young girl like me can be suspected 

' He scarcely knows himself ; but he pro- 
fesses great knowledge of human nature, and 
almost swears that, although he saw you but 
for a moment, that you are no Southern 
lady ! ' 

' There is nothing very surprising in that,' 
said I, with a hearty laugh. ' He was not 
aware that, having lived a great portion of 
my life among the Yankees, and having 
been educated among them, that I should 
not have the manners or the appearance of a 
Southern lady.' 

' So I told him ; but he shook his head ; he 
would not be convinced. ' 

' I am sorry that you did not bring this 
doubting, vigilant, suspicious officer with 
you,' said I. 

' But one of us could gain permission to 
leave the regiment,' he replied- 

' So you have undertaken tins journey 
alone to satisfy your commander ? ' 

' Such is the fact ; and I shall enjoy a 
good laugh at his expense, when I can tell 

him that I found you domiciled at Magnolia 
Villa, the acknowledged daughter of the 
late lamented Honorable Mr. Marland.' 

' Perhaps it would be judicious in you to 
examine the elder servants on the estate. I 
will summon them.' 

' Nay, Miss Marland, it is unnecessary. 
My life upon your beings none other than 
the heiress of the Marland estate,' he assev- 
erated with considerable emphasis. 

' A rather dilapidated estate, if the repre- 
sentations of Obadiah Tomlinson, our agent, 
are correct. I find that I am possessed of 
but the wreck of the possessions of a once 
opulent family, but as my want*: will • bo 
limited it will serve me just as well as a 
large fortune.' 

' Obadiah Tomlmson ! ' repeated Lamar ; 
I know him — he's a miserly old Quaker — I 
ask pardon, he is the ' 

' You need not fear to expres.s your mind, 
colonel,' I interrupted, for I have reason to 
believe that he is not only a miser but a 
knave, and in due time he shall be exposed.' 

' It has long been a matter of surprise,' 
resumed Lamar, 'that this man ever since he 
became an employee of your lamented father, 
has been accumulating wealth, while tlie es- 
tate which he represented has been dwind- 
ling away, and if you have been so fortunate 
as to have discovered a key to the mystery 
it will be a relief to those who have looked 
upon the decay of the great fortune that 
yoiu" father was once known to possess.' 

' Whether I possess the key or not, colo- 
nel, I have in my possession this man's ac- 
count of his stewardship, and having em- 
ployed many hours in poring over his books, 
I have detected many glaring inconsisten- 
cies, of which I have taken note. When I 
become a little better satisfied with his mal- 
practices, the whole matter shall be placed 
in the hands of an attorney. Bye the bye, 
colonel, can you recommend me to some le- 
gal gentleman, in whom I may place entire 
confidence both as regards ability and hon- 
esty ? ' 



' I know a keen-witted, shrewd, intelligent 
and, as I believe, honest lawyer of Jackson, 
who would be glad to be retained in youi- 
cause ; but as he is my brother-in-law I 
would prefer that some other person com- 
mend him to your consideration.' 

' I will rely upon your estimate of this 
legal gentleman. If you will give me his 
address, I shall do myself the honor to seek 
an interview with him when I have pro- 
gressed a little ferthcr into the Quaker's 

' With much pleasure,' he replied, pro- 
ducing a slip of paper, on which he wrote, 
' William Barnwell, Attorney and Coun- 
sellor at Law, No. — , Pearl Street, Jack- 
son,' and placed it in my hands. 

No sooner had I received the address, 
than a servant announced ' Obadiah Tom- 

' Tell him that I ' 

Before I could finish the sentence which 
would have informed Obadiah that I was 
engaged and could not see him, his gaunt, 
erect figure stalked into the room, and halt- 
ing in front of the colonel and myself, he 

• Verily, INIiss Marietta, I did not know 
that thou hadst a man of war with thee, oth- 
erwise I should not have ventured into thy 

' Had' you waited at the door a moment 
longer you would have been informed that 
I was engaged,' said I, appearing to ho of- 
fended at his intrusion. 

' En-ga-ged ! ' repeated Broadbrim, thrice, 
misinterpreting my meaning. ' The daugh- 
ter of my old friend engaged ! and not to a 
man of peace, but to a son of Mars ! ' 

' Sir ! ' said I, casting an angry look upon 
him, while my cheeks burned with a sudden 
suffusion of blood. ' I was engaged in con- 
versation with Colonel Lamar, and I am de- 
su-ous of continuing it without the presence 
of a third party.' 

• Mar-i-etta ! ]Mar-i-etta ! I am thy guar- 
dian ! it is my rightful prerogative to pro- 

test against thy receiving the attentions of 
those who snjite with the sword ! verily, in , 
thus doing, I do but observe the parting in- 
junctions of thy late father ! ' 

' I suppose, then, that you would deny 
me the right to receive the attentions of any 
man ? ' 

' Verily, that I should, without thou didst 
first ask and receive the consent of thy law- 
ful guardian.' 

' I did not ask for, nor receive the consent 

of Obadiah, that Potipliar, hid son, should 

importune mo with his attentions,' I retorted. 

' iMy son ! Dared he to lift his eyes to 

thine ? ' 

' Most assuredly he did.' 
' Then will it be my duty to thwack Pot- 
iphar thrice with a rod of birch.' 

' You wouldn't punish your own son for 
daring to look a young girl in the face, es- 
pecially as you had sent him to make love 
to me,' I ventured to remark. 

' M-o-n-s-t-r-o-vi-s ! ' drawled out Broad- 
brim ; ' I sent him hither for no such unholy 
purpose, but to obtain from thee those precious 
books which never so long before hath left 
my custody. Thou didst decline to deliver 
them up, inasmuch as thou hadst not perused 
them to thine own satisfaction. Now, how 
canst thou say he came to make love ? ' 

' Because his looks, his manner, his stam- 
mering speech all indicated it.' 

' Verily, thou art deceived, maiden. 
Potiphar came for the books, and with that 
purpose do I now come, and not for the 
purpose of intruding between thee and the 
man of war, who weareth a sword at his 
thigh. But being shocked at the sight I 
did make bold to protest, for I am thy guar- 
dian and thou art my ward.' 

' But not thy slave ! ' I retorted 
' Verily, maiden, thou art not of the race 
of Ham, but of Japhet, and therefore no 
one hast the power to enslave thee ; but, 
nevertheless, the law doth authorize me to 
exercise that wholesome and gentle restraint 
over thine actions, that thou mayst not di- 



verge from the path of rectitude ; yea, ver- 
ily, and the law is just.' 

' I am afraid, Obadiah, that if you intend 
to keep watch over my actions, you will find 
precious little time for any other duty,' I 

' Nevertheless, I have accepted the trust, 
and it becometh my dignity and honor to 
look after thee as a good shepherd after his 
flock,' lie replied. 

'Then, Obadiah, it becometh my dignity 
and honor to relieve you of all care, of all 
responsibility, regarding me ; for I do re- 
nounce all allegiance, all obeisance, to your 
presumed authority. So, go your ways and 
trouble me no more.' 

* Man of war ! man of war ! ' cried Broad- 
brim, addressing Lamar ; ' hast thou given 
attention to that which this bold maiden de- 
clareth ? ' 

' I certainly have, and much do I admire 
her independence,' replied the colonel. 

' Verily, thou must have bewitched her ; 
and it is not well for thee and the maiden to 
be alone. I will therefore set me down in 
thy midit and be a witness of thy baneful 
councils,' said Obadiah, as he took a chair, 
and drawing it quite near to Lamar and my- 
self, quietly ensconced himself in it. 

In another moment we both arose, and 
leaving the parlor in full possession of Broad- 
brim, we repaired to the hall, and there re- 
sumed conversation. But the Quaker was 
not to he frustrated, and having rei-overcd 
his surprise at my wiliixl conduct, he followed 
us hither. 

' Verily, Marietta. Marland,' said he, 
entering, ' thou art a perverse and undutiful 
maiden, and I will leave thee to thine own 
destruclion ; but ere I go I must request 
thee to deliver up to my keeping the books 
that were placed in thy hands, for the pui-- 
pose of satisfying thyself that I have been a 
faithful stewai-d of the estate.' 

' When I have done with them, Obadiah, 
they will be restored.' 

' Art thou not satisfied already ? ' 

' No, Obadiah, not fully. There are 
many things which I cannot understand.' 

' But which I have oifered to explain to 

' I have no doubt you might give a very 
plausible explanation, but I prefer to place 
them in the hands of a professional gentle- 
man — a disinterested party — for a thorough 

Obadiah looked amazed, and for some 
moments was speechless. Ilis face, too, 
b'ecame reddened with anger, and instead of 
preserving his usual erect and dignified 
attitude, with his hands clasped across his 
l)reast, he absolutely pulled off his broad- 
brimmed covering, and swinging it violently 
to and fro, he cried out in a loud voice, 
addressing Lamar : 

' Son of Belial ! thou man of the sword 
and gilt trappings ! thy presence here fore- 
bodeth no good to this young damsel ! 
Therefore, I do command thee to begone ! ' 

' Son of a coward ! ' retorted the colonel, 
imitating the Quaker, ' thou man of the 
broadbrim, the drab suit, and the sneaking, 
hypocritical countenance ! Thy presence 
here forebodeth no good to thee, and if thou 
dost not immediately depart, verily, I will 
tickle thy flesh with the sharp point of this 
two-edged blade ! ' 

As the colonel uttered these words he 
drew his weapon and brandished it before 
the Quaker's eyes. 

' Approach me not ! approach me not ! 
else thine own blood shall answer for it !' 
returned Broadbrim, suddenly producing a 
pistol from beneath his drab covering. ' I 
am a man of peace, but behold I am armed 
against the Philistine ! Therefore, stand 
off^ lest I do thee mischief ! ' 

' I do not fear such a toy as that ! ' said 
the colonel, as by a dexterous movement of 
his sword, he stmck the pistol from the 
hand of the Quaker. It fell upon the floor 
and Lamar picked it up, and ascertained 
that it contained neither powder nor ball ! ' 



* Man of war, give me the weapon ? ' de- 
manded Obadiah. 

' Hypocritical knave ! ' demanded the 
colonel ; ' you disgrace even the name of 
<5uaker, under which you have avoided our 
proscription. But it shall serve you. no 
longer, for befure the sun sets I will make 
it my duty to report your warlike character 
to the Provost Marshal ! ' 

' I ask thy pardon ! oh man of the sword ! 
I will even bend my knee to thee, which 
ne'er did'st bend to man before ! ' said the 
frightened Obadiah, as he knelt before the 
colonel. ' I was provoked, and in my 
wrath did'st offend thee. Verily, I wast 
possessed of the spuit of Belial whilst I did 
speak ! ' 

' Your apology is quite sufficient, Mr. 
Thee-and-Thou ! ' said Lamar. 'Gret up, 
and take thyh:elf hence as quickly as thy 
nether limbs will carry thee.' 

' Verily, it becometh me to obey thee,' 
said Broadbrim, rising ; * but I would fain 
bear along the account books with me, if 
the maiden pleaseth to consent.' 

* When I have done with them they shall 
be sent after you, Obadiah,' I replied. 

' I fearcth much they will affect thy brain, 
shouldst thou study too long into their in- 
tricacies. ' 

* They have already puzzled me much, 
* but I have told you that I shall retain an 

Attorney to assist me.' 

' Put not thy trust in the man of Law. 
He will so lead thee into its meshes that 
thou wilt never be enabled to extricate thy- 
self. I beseech thee to listen to him that 
thy late fither didst place implicit coiifidence 

' Too much, I fear, Broadbrim ; and, 
therefore, I will not accede to your wishes.' 

* Verily, thou art an inexorable maiden, 
and much harm wilt come to thee for thy 
stubbornness. I now humbly take my 
leave. Good bye, thou man of blood.' 

'Good bye, old Thee-and-Thou,' reppon- 
ded the colonel. ' Beware of carrying 

deadly weapons, lest your qixakcrir3h pre- 
tensions fail to avail you of exemption from 
the draft ! ' 

' Thy advice shall profit me,' replied 
the Quaker, as he made his exit from the 

' That fellow is an arrant knave — a 
consummate hypocrite ! ' remarked Lamar. 

' He has taught me to believe so ; and 
he shall be called to a severe reckoning,' I 

But in what manner / should proceed, 
considering the delicate position in which I 
myself ■ stood, was quite inde.^mite. And 
the question more than once suggested itself 
to my mind, why I should interest myself 
so readily in the affairs of another. 

But it was answered by the fervent desire 
I felt to make some amends for the unwar- 
rantable but involuntary attitude which I 
was forced to assume. If I could be the 
humble instrument in restoring to the real 
heiress of Magnolia Villa that which had 
probably been wrested from her by a villain, 
she would at least forgive me for the impo- 
sition I had been made to practice. 

The colonol, after a few observations 
touching the attorney he had recommended 
to me, arose to depart. I had so won 
upon his credulity and confidence,- that I 
ventured to request of him to obtain for me 
a pass to Vicksburg from the general com- 
manding at Jackson. He promised to do 
so, and after wishing me all success, and 
bidding me a kind adieu, he departed from 
the Villa, leaving me quite alone to medi- 
tate upon the course of conduct I would 
pursue, not only to bring the Quaker to a 
strict account of his stewardship, but also in 
relation to the mission I had from motives 
of loyalty and patriotism undertaken. 





" It was nearly the hour of eleven before 
I retired to my chamber, and as I felt little 
disposition to sleep, I sat down at the open 
casement, where I could overlook the lawn 
in front, the shaded avenues, and the garden 
of flowers situated on the easterly side of the 

The heavens during the evening had been 
veiled by scudding clouds, but now there 
was scarcely a speck visible, within the 
scope of my vision, to hide the deep blue 
vault above. The moon, nearly at her full, 
shone with her wonted lustre, and the stars 
vied with the queen of night in lending their 
brightness to the dull earth. So bright was 
it that I extinguished the light on my table 
that I might the better view the resplendent 
beauties of the night. So beautiful seemed 
everything about Magnolia Yilh, that for 
the first time I really felt a slight touch of 
envy of its real possessor ; but this did not 
drive from my thoughts the all-impurtant 
plans which must be thoroughly digested 
before I could act with safety, and with a 
probable certainty of success. 

I had meditated for a full hour, when my 
thoughts were suddenly diverted by the 
rustling of the branches and leaves of shrubs, 
apparently proceeding from near the centre 
of the flower garden. I should not have 
been attracted by this noise had there been 
sufficient breeze to have moved the branches 
of the trees ; but a dead calm prevailed, a^d 
it seemed as still as death without. My 
eyes became riveted upon the spot, and after 
gazing for several minutes and observing 
nothins;, and heariuG: nothinsr, I attributed 
it to some domestic or other animal that was 
prowling about. But presently I heard it 
again, and turning my eyes in that direction, 
I distinctly beheld the figure of a tall man 
Standiuo; forth in bold relief in the moon's 

rays before a clump of gladioluses, whoso 
gorgeous flowera had on the morning prev- 
ious attracted my attention. 

The apparition slightly startled me, but 
as I thought that the figure was not wholly 
unfamiliar to me, and the casement where I 
sat being shaded 1:)y dark vines, and the 
projecting verandah above shutting off the 
moon's rays, I kept my seat, and fixed my 
eyes intently upon the object. 

Presently it moved back a few paces, 
stooped, as if to gather something from the 
earth, and then asjain stood erect, facins: 
towards the villa, as if watcliing for some 
object or other appearance. It then moved 
stealthily up the path, passed the gate and 
crossed the lawn until it was lost under the 
projection beneath me. 

The thought was suggested to my mind 
that there was mischief afloat; and under 
ordinary circumstances I might have been 
too much frightened to act ; but I, who had 
braved so manyperils, was not to be itiini- 
dated by a midnight prowler, even about a 
peaceful residence. 

I immediately rushed from my room and 
down the stairs, and from a window of the 
parlor beheld the prowling visitor upon the 
verandah, crouching over what appeared to 
be a pile of faggots, placed against the dry 
lattice-work of the verandah. I saw him 
take a match from his pocket, ignite it and 
light a small piece of candle, which he 
carefully placed in the centre of the pile of 
faggots, and then artfully cotiecal the flame 
by piling some brush around it, so that its 
rays could not give light beyond it. 

The prowler's intent was no longer an 
uncertainty, and the wretch himself was 
known to me. As soon as he saw that his 
atrocious design miLst be accomplished with- 
out his further aid, he moved stealthily 

I\Iy first purpose was to rush forth and 
extinguish the candle before it had ignited 
the pile about it ; but at that moment I 
heai'd the growl of a large hoimd which was 



confined in a large kennel in the yard in 
the rear of the villa. I flew towards a back 
door, turned the lock, , and in a moment 
more was beside the kennel. I called 
Growler by his name and forthwith unloosed 
him. He rushed forth, and leaping first 
towards the spot where the incendiary's 
work was so well begun, then turned in the 
durection that the wretch had gone. Being 
first assured that he had got the scent, he 
rushed forth with the speed of the wind. 

Meanwhile, without making the slightest 
disturbance, I examined the incendiary's 
plan for firing the house. It was ingen- 
iously arranged — the candle would have 
burned, perhaps, five minutes, when the 
flame would have reached the combustible 
pile around it, and vmder ordinary circum- 
stances the villa must have been in flames 
before an alarm could have been given. 

No sooner had I extinguished the candle 
than I heard the outcries of a human voice 
apparantly in distress. A pistol shot fol- 
lowed. I feared that the incendiary had 
killed the faithful animal, for neither his 
bark nor growl had reached my ears since 
he started in pursuit of the fugitive. 

My mind was soon, however, relieved in 
reo-ard to Growler, for in less than five 
minutes he rc-appeared, bearing in his 
mouth a large portion of the tail of a coat, 
the cut of which, and its drab color was 

It surely identified Obadiah Tomlinson, 
the Quaker ! 

The dog held it up before me. I patted 
him kindly on the head, and took it from 
his moutht He then crouched down upon 
the verandah, as if he had resolved not to go 
back to the kennel, but to perform a senti- 
nel's duty for the remainder of that night, 
a determination which I did not remonstrate 

After brushing the incendiary pile from 
the verandah, I once more retired to the 
solitude of my chamber, and kept vigil 

until the dawn of day, when I was enabled 
to obtain an hour or two ot sleep. 

It had been my intention to re-visit the 
town on that day, but for prudential reasons 
I resolved to remain at the villa. I com- 
municated to no one the occurrence of the 
preceding night, but after partaking of the 
breakfast, which was served me at nine 
o'clock, I repaired to the boudoir, deter- 
mined to pursue the task of analyzing all 
the important entries in Obadiah Tomlinson's 
portly folios that was possible, and then 
forthwith to despatch them by Cufiee to the 
office of Wm. Barnwell, Pearl Street, 
Jackson, with notes of all the gi-oss and 
glaring attempts at fraud which I had 
already discovered, or might discover, in my 
further investigation. 

The task occupied my time diligently 
until two o'clock, and after writing a brief 
explanatory note for not being able to call 
in person until another day, I summoned 
Cufiee to my aid. 

' I wish you to make a neat package of 
those books. Here are paper and twine,' 
said I 

' Ees, missus.' 

' And when you have done that, harness 
the horse into the carriage, and convey 
them to the office of William Barnwell, No. 
— Pearl Street, Jackson. 

'Ees, missus; Cuffee know'd whar dat 
laryer keep. But dese look for all de world 
like ole Tomly's books.' 

' They are his books ; but they must not 
go into his hands, but into the hands of Mr. 

' Golly ! I un'stan', missus. I duzn't 
like to go to ole Tomly's house. Dat 
ole chap — I ax pardon missus, but I be- 
liebe dat ole chap's no better dan some 

' What do you know about him, Cufiee? ' 

' Nuffin much, missus ; ouy ebryting hab 

gone wi'ong end fo'moss at Magnoly eber 

sence my poo' ole dead an' gone massa gib 

up de reins ob bizness to de Quaker.' 



' By-the-bye, Cuffee, did you hear any 
strange noises about the premises last 

' Nuffin strange, missus ; but I heard 
Growler baric, arid wlien I seed him out ob 
de kon'l dis mornin' at daylight, I know'd 
some ebil sperits wur roun'.' 

' Do you know whore that piece of drab 
cloth came from, Cuffee? ' 

' He, he, he, yah ! ' laughed the negro, 
as he took the reumant in his hand. ' I 
axes pardon, missus, but I can't help 
laffiu — he, he, he ! Golly, if dat ar don't 
look jess like ole Tomly's coat tail, den I 
duzn't know a brack sheep from a white 

' How think you he lost it? ' 
' Golly, missus, dat am't so easy to tell,' 
answered Cuffee, as with glistening eyes he 
examined every part of the remnant. ' He, 
he, he ! — golly ! whew ! — if I were only a 
Yankee nigga, I guesses I could guess.' 
' Well, guess, Cuffee.' 
' Lordy, missus, ony tink ob it ; yah, yah, 
yah ! ' 

' Don't be so boisterous in your mirth,' 
said I, checking an unusually loud outbreak 
of laughter. ' Lot me know what you 

' I tinks, missus, or radder I guesses, dat 
dat 'ar coat tail hab been in Growler's 
mouf ; he, he, he ! yah, yah, yah ! ' 

' But Growler was in his kennel last night 
when the Quaker left the house, was he not ? ' 
' Eos, missus, Cuffee can swar to dat 
fack;butl tinks he muss come back, and 
de dog got out somehow or noder, and tink- 
ing ole Tomly no bizness ' bout here artcr 
fooks hab gone to bed, so he tuk it into his 
head to fly at him, and bit off his coat tail. 
He, he, he, yah! ' — dat's wot I tinks ! ' 

' Did you notice a quantity of faggots 
near the verandah when you was brushing 
up around the house this morning ? ' 

' Ees, missus, and I hab been ' cratchin ' 
my wool all do mornin ' to tink how dat ' ar cum 'd dar. I axed eberybody, and 
eberybody didn't know'd no more'n I did. ' 
' Suj)pose, Cuffee, ' said I, "producing the 
piece of candle that I had secured from the 
incendiary's pilo^ ' that you had found this 
in the centre of a bundle of faggots lighted, 
and the bundle had been placed on the ver- 
andali near the light trellis-work ; what 
should you think of such a circum.stancc ? ' 

' Gorra, bress us, missus, you almos ' 
fright ole Cuffee ! ' he exclaimed, his eyes 
starting from their sockets. ' Why, I 
should tink, missu.? — I should tink dat 
somebody was gwine to sot de on fire 
and burn eberybody all up. But, missus, 
you don't mean for to go to tell dat de dog 
— dat ole Tomly — dat dcm 'ar sticks^-dat 
— oh, lordy massy, missus — I — I — I — , 

' I mean simply to say that an attempt 
was made to fire the house last night, ' said 
I, interrupting Cuffee's confused words; 
' and that the incendiary was none other 
than the steward of ]Maguolia Villa ; and, 
moreover, had I not discovered the wretch's 
intention, the house and all therein might 
have been destroyed. It was I who let 
loose Growler upoij the man who would 
have destroyed us, and he returned with his 
coat tail, a most corroborative circumstance 
of the evidence of my own senses, that the 
Quaker is the criminal. ' 

The negro was silent for some moments. 
The enormity of Tomlinson's premeditated 
crime quite staggered him ; for he had been 
taught to look upon the man of peace as a 
pattern of morality, Ho had never liked his 
stern, rigid ways, but had never suspected 
him capable of the slightest wrong doin". 

' I speck de world won't lass much long- 
er, missus.' at length said Cuffee, quietly, 
as he proceeded to give tlie fiijishing stroke 
to his task of tying up the package of books. 
' Lordy, migsus, I wonder what ole Tomly 
wants for to burn us all up ? If he be de 
debil hescf den I un'stan'.' 

' I will tell you Cuffee. The mystery 
lies in these books. He wished to destroy 



them, because they prove that ho has been I 
an unfaithful steward.' 

'Now I un'stan'. Golly, missus, you 
know eberyting.' 

' I know too much fof this dangerous man, 
Cuffee ; and to place these books beyond his 
reach is now my purpose. Once in the 
hands of Mr. Barnwell, he will see that they 
are made secure from robbers or incendiaries. ' 
' Ees, missus, I go direc'ly, ' rephed the 
negro, as he hastened forth to harness the 
horse in a convenient vehicle for the pur- 
pose of taking the package to town. 

Before he started off I gave him some 
words of caution in regard to the delivery 
of the books, and also charged him to make 
no mention to any person that which I had 
revealed to him. 

In about two hours he returned, bearing 
a note to me from Mr. Barnwell, acknowl- 
edging the receipt of the books, and prom- 
ising to exercise to his utmost all the legal 
ability he possessed in bringing the mon- 
strous practices of the Quaker to light. He 
likewise informed me that he had seen Col. 
Lamar prior to receiving the books. 

' Golly, missus, I rader guess ole Tomly 
won't be roun 'here agin to-night, ' remark- 
ed CufFee, after I had thanked him for per- 
forming his mission so well. 
' What is there to prevent ? ' 
' Kase de laryer send a constable arter 

' Arrested so soon ? ' 

'Ecs, missus. Massa Barnwell didn't 
low de grass to grow under his feet. ' 

' What disposition did he make of the 
books ? ' 

' Lock 'cm up in a big iron box.' 
' Then we may hope to sleep secui-ly to- 

• Ees, missus, you go to sleep — Cuffee 
and Growler will keep watch.' 

' There will be no necessity for such vig- 
ilance,' said I. 

'Bess not risk anyting, missus. Ole 
Tomly'U tiuk dat the books am still here. 

and he may send Massa Poliphar to burn 
them up or ' teal em.' 

' There's no danger to be apprehended 
from such a coward.' 

' Dunno— bess be sartin— Potiphar bery 
much like ole man— don't like to truss none 
ob dat tribe now, no how.' 

I made no further objections to Cuffee's 
proposition to keep watch, though it was 
scarcely within the bounds of probability 
that any further demonstrations would be 
made to destroy the books, as Tomlinson if 
arrested, would be informed of the charges 
preferred against him, and also that the 
books were in the custody of Mr. Barn- 

' Cuffee,' said I, preliminary to broach- 
ing a new subject, ' how long have you been 
a slave? ' 

' Eber sence I wur a pickaninny.' 
' Did you ever have a desire to be free ? ' 
'Lor bress us, missus, I neber hardly 
dared to tink ob it.' 

' But you have thought of it, and now 
answer me, frankly, would you like to be a 
freeman ? ' 

' Freedom am a good ting am't it ? ' he 
enquired, evasively. 

' I confess that I shouldn't like to be a 
slave ; but you haven't answered my (ques- 

'Wal, 'spose wite man tink freedom am 
good ting for wite man, brack man tink 
freedom good ting for brack man.' 

' Then I take it for granted that you de- 
sire to be a freeman ? ' 

' I ax pardon, missus, but Cuffee would- 
n't tell a lie to gain his freedom. I hope 
some day or odor to be free and dat am a 

fac ! ' 

'How lono- since you entertained this 

hope ? ' 

' Eber sence de bobalition war bruk out. ' 
' Then you expect to be liberated through 

the success of the Yankees ? ' 

' Ees, missus — I can't tell a lie. ' 
' And you hope they will succeed ? ' 



' If I answer dat, missus, won't somebody 
hang or slioot poo' Cuffee ? ' 

' You may answer it only to mc, and you 
may rely upon my word that no harm shall 
befall you. ' 

' Den, missus, I muss say dat I hab long 
wished to be free. I hab prayed a tousand 
times to be free ! ' 

' And, CufFee, you shall be free ! ' 
' Golly, missus, don't say dat ar' widout 
you mean it ; 'case I couldn't bear to be- 
licbe tliat I should no longer be a slabe, 
and den hab it turn out oderwise — dat 
would break Cuffee's heart ! ' 

'Keep your own counsel — be directed 
wholly by mc — lisp not a word of our con- 
versation to any human being, and I may 
serve you ; but you must remember that 
freedom is not worth much to a ne"-ro in 
the South.' 

'I know'd dat, missus.' 
•And to enjoy your freedom you must 
get beyond slave-dealers and slave-drivers.' 
' Ees, missus, dat ' xacly what I been 
taught to beliebe.' 

'In the course of three days I inten4 
going to Vicksburg, to visit a friend that I 
have tliere, I wish to take a faithful servant 
with me and if he serves me well he shall 
be free ! ' 

' Golly, missus, won't you be 'fraid ob de 
Yankee shot and bumshell dar? Dey say 
de Yanks all aroun' Vicksburg — tousands 
ob dem ! ' 

' I have little to fear from them, Cuffee ; 
they would'ut harm a lady, nor you if we 
chanced to fjxU into their hands, especially 
as I have dwelt so long among them. ' 

' So I tink, missus ; dey aint hafF so bad 
as de grey sojers would hab us tink.' 

Having thus elicited from the old negro 
his real sentiments, I was prepared to pro- 
pose to him to accompany me to the be- 
leagured strongh.old of the rebels ; and when 
I did so, old as he was, he danced about 
the room in such great glee, that I was com- 
pelled to admonish him, lest the cause of his 

jollity should be ascertained by the servants 
in and about the house, He was then aa 
demure as I could desire, and during our 
further stay at Magnolia Villa no one could 
have suspected from his language or his de- 
meanor that he entertained a first thouo-ht 
beyond the boundaries of the estate on which 
he was born and bred and toiled, till sixty 
summers had whitened his head. 



WiiHTUER it was in consequence of a feel- 
ing of security, or because I had kept vigil 
the preceoding night, that I profoundly slept 
for twelve hours without awakening, I am 
unable to say; but ten o'clock had struck 
before I awoke on the morning subsequent 
to my interview with Cuiiee. 

As this was the hour I had ordered him 
to have the vehicle at the door to take mo 
to town, and as he was punctual to the mo- 
ment, I hastily made my toilet, partook of 
some slight refreshment, and took my depar- 

As we rolled down the avenue I saw Pot- 
ii^har Tomlinson approaching, and as he 
made signs indicating that he wished to 
speak to me, I ordered Cuffee to stop. I 
readily observed that his countenance be- 
trayed great tribulation, and as he came 
alongside the veliiele he burst into tears. 
' Wliat is the matter, Potiphar V ' I asked. 
He answered, sobbingly : 
' My father — Obadiah — has sent me to 
thee — to say that — great is the trouble that 
hath befallen him — verily, he is in the hands 
of the law — ay, confintd in a dungeon — 
and he begs of thee, for the love he bore 
thy honored father — for the love that he 
beareth thee — that thou wilt deign, like a 
good angel, to visit him in prison, and give 
him a word of comfort and consolation ; — ay, 
verily, this is my errand from him to thee ! ' 



* Be of good cheer, Potipliar,' I replied. 
' I am now ou my way to town and will visit 
him belltre I return.' 

' Thanks, good lady ; thy words hath 
almost turned my grief into joy. Verily, I 
shall go to my homo with a much lighter 
heart than when I sat out to come to thee,' 
said Potiphar, seemingly much satislied with 
my answer. 

As he was disposed to make no further 
conversation we proceeded on to Jackson, 
and in less than half an hour afterwards, I 
had introduced myself to Mr. Barnwell, 
and was seated in his private office, explain- 
ing to him the discoveries I had made with 
reference to the books I had sent him, but I 
studiously avoided to make mention of the 
incendiary attempt of the delinquent. He 
said that he was quite amazed at the revel- 
ation, for hitherto no man in town bore a 
higher reputation for probity than Obadiah 
Tomlinson, and he further remarked that 
nothing less than the most undoubted testi- 
mony would ever convict him of embezzle- 
ment before a Hinds County jury. 

' I will cause him to make full and free 
confession of his fraud, and also to make 
restitution of every dollar that he has wrong- 
fully taken from the Magnolia estate,' said 
I, in reply. 

' If you can do this you will have but little 
need of one of my profession,' said Mr. 

' That confession and restitution, sir, I 
desire to have made to you ; and as I am 
soon to leave Jackson on a visit to Vicks- 
burg, I wish to leave with you full author- 
ity to act in the premises.' 

' I accept the trust, and will act for you 
with as much zeal as if the property was to 
inure to me, instead of to my fair client,' 
was his reply. 

He proposed drawing up a Power of At- 
torney for me to sign, but knowing that I 
could not append to such a document the 
autograph of the heiress of Magnolia, I 

made as plausible an excuse for declinin'>- to 
do so as possible. 

I was about to leave the office, when ho 
placed in my hands a letter. I opened it 
with no little curiosity, but finding it to be 
a brief note from Colonel Lamar, enclosing 
a pass thi-ough the lines to Vieksburg from. 
the commanding general of that department, 
my curiosity was satisfied and my fears were 

At my solicitation, Mr. Barnwell gave 
me a letter to the chief officer of the prison 
where Tomlinson was confined. I thanked 
him for his courtesy, and for the interest he 
had manifested in behalf of the heiress of 
Magnolia, and left his office. Cuflfee was 
quite startled when I ordered him to drive 
to the Hinds County Prison, but he made 
no remonstrance or enquiries, aud in a few 
minutes we had reached its portals. 

Presenting the letter which the attorney 
had given me, I was readily admitted, and 
the jailor himself, with marked politeness, 
conducted me to the grated door of the cell, 
in which the culprit was incarcerated, and 
then walked to the farther end of the corri- 
dor, as if he designed to show me the favor 
of declining to be a listener to our conver- 

' Good morning, Obadiah,' said I, salu- 
ting him ; ' I regret to find you in a prison. 
I have seen your son Potiphar, and by 
his urgent desire I am here.' 

' I thank thee, lady, for thy kindness and 
consideration,' replied the Quaker humbly. 
' I did desire to see thee, and therefore made 
my wishes known to Potiphar. Verily it 
breaketh my spirit to abide ia the dwelling 
of the criminal, and my days are but few 
unless I am released.' 

' And you sent for me believing that I 
have the power to set you free ? ' said I, 

' In that thou speakest truly ; for I have 
learned that it is at thy suit that I have been 



' I confess it and for sundry good rea- 

' Thine car, good lady, I fear hath been 
poisoned 1 >y my enemies. ' 

' Do not credit the thought, Obadiah. 
]VIy eyes, and my understanding have re- 
vealed to nic that you have been a most un- 
faithful stcnvard. And the charges under 
which you are arrested are as well known 
to you as to myself ' 

' Wilt then please state them.' 

' Perjury in falsifying your sworn trust ; 
embezzlement of large amounts of money 
belonging to the jMagnolia estate ; making 
false entries on your books ; besides other 
venial offences which a legal investigation 
will bring to light ! ' 

' In verity thy eyes and thy understand- 
ing hath deceived thee. Hadst thou per- 
mitted nie to explain thou wouldst have 
saved thj-sclf a world of trouble, and, also, 
Obadiah Tomliiison the disgrace and dis- 
comfort of being incarcerated like a felon in 
the prison-house of the guilty. But I for- 
give thee, fair and sweet damsel — I forgive 
thee ! I will bide my time with patience, 
for justice wilt sooner or later proclaim my 

' Do you deny that you have wronged 
the heiress of Magnolia? ' 

' Verily, thou hast had mine answer.' 

'Do you here dcclai-e that you are inno- 
cent of any malpractice whatever touching 
the estate entrusted to youi* keeping.' 

' Ay, verily. ' 

' And I must leave the prison with your 
solemn denial ? ' 

' Verily truth is mighty and ever prevail- 

' And you will make no confession of any 
wrong-doing ? ' 

* To confess that I have been guilty of 
doing wrong would in verity be a sin, for a 
lie would rest upon my soul ; therefore I 
will commit no sin, and say again I am 
innocent ? ' 

' Lying hypocrite ! knave I swindler ! I 

have proofs as strong as holy writ of the 
charges I have preferred ? ' t^aid . I, becom- 
ing indignant at the manner in which my 
queries were answered. 

' Verily, maiden, thou dost abuse thyself 
in such free use of thy defamatory tongue; 
but I will not be angry ; I will grieve that 
thou art possessed of a wicked spirit ! Thou 
hast dwelt too long in the land of the bar- 
barians of the North, and hath learned their 
evil ways. As the favored off>pring of my 
dear friend, the lamented Mr. 3Iarland, it 
is my duty to correct thy headstrong, way- 
ward and suspicious nature ; and when I 
shall have been released from this vile 
durance I shall commence my teachings as 
becometh a friend and a guardian.' 

' Do not deceive yourself, Ol^adiah, I am 
not to be thwarted in my purposes by your- 
persistent denials of the charges which are 
alleged against you ; and before I leave I 
give you wai'ning that I shall go before a 
magistrate and allege a far gieater charge 
against you than any which I have yet 
made. Night before last an attempt was 
made to ensure the destruction of IMagnoUa 
Villa by fire.' 

' Thee amazeth me ! ' . said Obadiah, with 
tremulous lips, and a guilty expression of 

' Do I ? You will be more amazed when 
I tell you that suspicion points to you as 
the would-be incendiary ! ' 

' Heaven knoweth it would amaze me, 
indeed I But he that is conscious of having 
done no wi'ong hath nought to fear. It is 
the first intelligence I have learned that 
so base a crime hath been attempted.' 

' Do you dare make denial that you did 
not attempt with your own hands to set fire 
to the Villa?' 

' I dareth even to speak the truth.' 

' Then confess ; for with my own eyes I 
beheld you in the very act of heaping the 
faggots upon the verandah, and I also saw 
you strike the match with which you hghted 
the fragment of candle which was to fii'e the 



pile, when you had reached a convenient 
distance from the scene of your daring 
crime ! ' 

' Monstrous ! ay, verily, most monstrous ! ' 
exclaimed the Quaker, now a good deal 
agitated. ' Methinks thou art come from a 
madhouse, and deserveth pity rather than 
my sjorn or anger ! ' 

' What I have stated can be proved, I 
replied, quietly. ' The pistol that was fired 
at the dog, Growler, has been found, and 
can be identified as the one that has been in 
your possession ! ' 

' I am a man of peace and I beareth not 
deadly weapons. Miss Marietta,' he replied 
in a subdued manner. 

' You forget, Obadiah, the pistol that 
you flourished on a recent occasion before 
Colonel Lamar.' 

' That was but the semblance of a dan- 
gerous weapon ; for it contained no explo- 
sive material, neither did it contain a leaden 
sphere, which the men of war denominateth 
a bullet.' 

' The pistol is not the only corroborative 
testimony which will be preferred against 
you. Know you this drab coat-tail ? ' said 
I, suddenly producing the remnant of cloth 
which Growler had torn from his outer gar- 

Obadiah staggered back a few paces, and 
turned his eyes from the damnifying evi- 

' It will not serve you,' I continued, ' to 
deny that this was not torn from your gar- 
ment in your hasty flight on the night of 
your nefarious attempt at arson and mur- 
der 1 ' 

For some moments the culprit was speech- 
less. At length he came forward to the 
grating of the prison, his face looking the 
very picture of despair, and said : 

' Verily, the Evil Spirit did move me to 
do unrighteous deedd. Forgive me, I pray 
thee, for I have sorely repented ; and it is a 
great comfort to nly erring soul that I was 
frustrated in my diabolical design.' 

' Look to Heaven for forgiveness, wicked 
man ! What could have been your motive 
in conceiving so great a crime ? ' 

' I do most humbly confess that I did 
design to destroy those books which I did 
unwittingly leave in thy possession.' 

'And in destroying a few paltry booka 
you would have jeopardized the lives of all 
the inmates of the Villa ? ' 

' So it doth seem to me now, but so 
horrible a contingency my mind dwelt not 

' The destruction of those books, then, 
was your motive ? ' 

' I do confess it.' 

' And by their destruction, the evidence 
of many gross frauds would have been 

' Even so ; but, oh ! Miss Marietta, for- 
give me, and it shall be well with thee. I 
will make restitution of much ill-gotten 
wealth, which will render thee the richest 
heiress of the country.' 

' Do you promise this ? ' 

* Ay, verily, if thou wilt let me depart 
from this vile prison in peace.' 

' Will you swear it ? ' 

' By Him who seeth in secret and know- 
eth my wicked heart, I will ! ' 

' Then, in one hour hence, an officer 
shall come for you and take you to the 
office of Mr. Attorney Barnwell, who has 
my full authority to receive from you all the 
property, or the value thereof, together with 
interest, that you have wrongfully withheld 
from the heiress of Magnolia Villa. I shall 
not be present at the restitution ; but mark 
you, if one dollar be wrongfully withheld, 
remember that I possess the power to bring 
you to the gallows ! But if full restitution 
be made, I give you my word that the 
charges of perjury and embezzlement will be 
withdrawn, and you shall never hear more 
of those two great offijnces, arson and mur- 
der! ' 

' I humbly bow to the decree ; and I 
shall count the minutes that interveneth 



before the time when I may acquit my sinful 
soul of that which the Mammon god hath 

' Be assured that in the fullesi confession 
and restitution lies thy safety. Farewell ! ' 

These words ended my interview witli the 
Quaker. The jailer, who had awaited my 
pleasure, came forward and conducted me 
to his office. I asked permission to write a 
note to Mr Barnwell, which the officer 
kindly granted, and then he voluntarily 
procured me a messenger to bear it to the 

I left the prison with a much lighter heart 
than I entered it, for I had a decided repug- 
nance in again meeting face to face with the 
consummate hypocrite. I had unmasked 
his villanies, and in doing so, I felt that I 
had done a great service in behalf of a 
wronged lady ; and she, I felt sure, would 
at some future day forgive even a Yankee 
gu-1 for playing her part a few days at Mag- 
nolia Villa. 

In leaving the prison I saw at a distance 
two mounted horsemen approaching. As 
they drew nearer I recognized the faces of 
Colonel Lamar and Captain Clymer. The 
recognition was mutual, for they immedi- 
ately halted beside the carriage and saluted 

Cuffee also drew rein, and I was soon 
engaged in an animated conversation with 
the two officers. 

Colonel Lamar finally remarked that he 
wa-s on a tour of brief inspection of the 
defences of the city, and politely proffered 
the services of both to be my escort in and 
around the works. 

My heart eagerly accepted the invitation, 
but my tongue gave a reluctant assent ; and 
soon the cun'icle, with an officer riding upon 
each side, was rolling on towards Pearl 
River, where the inner line of defences 

Both officers were communicative as well 
as polite ; and without seeming to be inquis- 
itive, I drew from them all the information 

which was not obvious to my own under- 
standinn^, that I desired. For three lonir 
hours I bore the inspection ; was introduced 
to many officers ; heard many ob.^crvations 
connected with the plans of operations to 
defeat the ' accursed Yankee?,' which were 
not intended for any but rebel ears ; and, 
in truth I was both pleased and instructed ; 
and it was with a good grace, from a grate- 
ful heart, that I tliankcd the gentlemen fur 
their exceeding kindness and courtesy before 
I finally parted with them. 

I had treasured up in my memory a store 
of knowledge wliich must be retained, and 
lest I should be forgetful of some important 
details, I told Cuffee to drive yie to t!:o 
Villa with all possible despatch, for I 
much to commit to paper, and some draw- 
ings to make, from the storcliouse of my 
memory, before I could take that vest which 
my weary body seemed already to demand. 



* Is this, indeed, to be my last night at 
Magnolia Villa ? ' I whispered to myself 
as I was almost irresistibly drawn from my 
boudoir, where I had spent two long hours 
in wiiting and drawing, and half an hour 
more in sewing the results of my evening's 
work in a garment of my wardrobe, which I 
thought would the least liicely be scrutinized 
should any misfortune befal me. 

* How beautiful ! ' I continued, solilo- 
quizing, as I gazed upon the wide land- 
scape, picturesque in all its aspects, spread 
out before me. 'If Eden was more beauti- 
ful, no wonder they called it Paradise.' 

The moon was at her full, and seamed to 
shine with unwonted brilliancy. The starry 
constellations paled before her bright efful- 
gence. The earth seemed a brighter green, 
and the sky a deeper blue, than they had 
ever appeared to my eyes before. The fra- 



granco borne from the orange grove, and 
fi-om til e. flowers and sjirubs of the garden, 
made a more delicious compound of sweets 
than my senses had ever greeted. 

Truly, jMag'uolia Villa was a charming 
place ; everytliing about it was delectable ; 
and is it surprising then, that I should have 
felt a sli2;ht reluctance in biddinjr it adieu 
forever ? I confess that I did — I was 
almost charmed with the spot, and quite 
regretted the imperative circumstances which 
so soon must call me away, never more to 
feast my eyes upon its charms. 

I am no believer in mesmerism, and I 
laugh at the mesmerist's pretended power, 
and the medium's gift to know of things 
that the eye cannot see, the ear cannot hear, 
the hand cannot feel. But an incident oc- 
curred to me that night which, to say the 
least, was a most remarkable coincidence. 
A thought of Colonel Lamar obtruded itself 
upon my'mind — anon I almost felt he stood 
before me ; presently his image was so seem- 
ingly palpable in my presence, that I 
advau'-ed a step and extended my arm to 
touch him ; but the vision was gone. 

Almost on the instant I heard the gallop- 
ping of a horse, and in another minute the 
Eteed turned into the avenue leading to the 
villa. I gazed eagerly at the rider — he 
was an officer of gallant beaiing. A few 
Bteps more, and horse and rider emerged 
from the shadows of the magnolia trees, and 
were bathed in moonlight. I could not be 
mistaken — I could see now — it was Colonel 

The distant city clock struck the hour of 
ten as he leaped from the saddle and stepjjed 
up to the front door and rang the bell. 

One of the house servants answered the 
Bummons, and the suddenly-perturbed ne- 
gress sought me, and informed me that Col. 
Lamar desired to speak with me, as he was 
compelled to leave for hLs post early next 

I think I had really more cause to be 
disturbed by this untimely visitor than the 

quaking negress. I could think of nothing 
else than that he had obtained some new 
revelation in regard to my humble self. 
But something whispered to me that I 
really had nothing to fear from this man, no 
matter what information ho might havo 
received. I must confess that, at each suc- 
cessive interview I had ,had with him, be 
won a greater degi'ee of my favorable regard. 
It will be remembered that his first interview 
with me was of a character not to inspire me 
with any great regard for the man. Per- 
haps the abrupt manner in which I discour- 
aged his first overtures, caused him radically 
to change his bearing towards me. Now, 
it was all that a modest girl could have 
desired — courteous, respectful, and not ot 
fensively gallant. 

But not to digress farther, I hastened 
down to meet him, without a particle of fear 
agitating my breast. 

' Pardon me. Miss Marland for calling 
upon you at this late hour,' said he in the 
most I'espoctful manner : ' but ' 

'Pray be seated, sir,' said I. ' If the 
hour is late, feel assured that I am in no 
way inconvenienced by your calling, and I 
bid you welcome.' 

' Unfortunately,' he resumed, ' I am com- 
pelled to leave town for my post by the 
early morning train. My orders, which com- 
pel me to this haste did not reach me but 
half an houi* since. You may deem it 
strange, that I have ridden here, post-haste, 
to announce this fact to you. Why ? is the 
query which your heart naturally prompts 
you to put. In your great kindness you 
have caused Obadiah Tomlinson to be re- 
leased from prison. Since then, until the 
past two hours, he was closeted with ray 
brother-in-law, Mr. Barnwell, the attorney, 
where he made, on compulsion, a full res- 
titution of his enormous peculations, cover- 
ing a series of years, from the estate of 
which you are sole heiress. Notwithstand- 
ing this, Quaker as he professes to be, he 
now swears to be avenged, He has stated 



this evening to afriend,of mine that he has 
by the last mail received a letter from Miss 
Marietta Marland, who he declares, is still 
pursuing her studies at the Female Semi- 
nary within the country of our enemies. 
This letter, my friend asserts, he saw and 
read with his own eyes. In a word, Miss 
Marland, he says you are an impostor.' 

* And you, colonel, believe him ? ' I que- 

" Nay — I at once assumed that the letter 
is a forgery ; but I felt it my duty to come 
here and acquaint you with the fact, that 
you may be prepared to deal with your 
enemies. When military power holds sway, 
even innocence is not safe. Suspicion, 
groundless though it may be, may subject 
you to a deal of trouble.' 

* I thank you for your timely warning, 
colonel; but there is nothing that I am 
aware of that can be done but let events 
take their course, knowing that in the end 
my position is secure, and that my enemies 
will be confounded.' 

I am aware that I said this with so much 
sincerity and coolness, that if there was the 
slightest suspicion lingering in the mind of 
the colonel, my last speech had entirely 
dissipated it. I imagined I saw that his heart 
was relieved of a weight that greatly dis- 
tm'bed him. 

' As you remark,' said he, after a few 
moments reflection, ' there is nothing to be 
done, except in case any attempt be made 
to annoy you, summon Mr. Barnwell to 
your aid. I have already spoken to him 
cf Obadiah's threats, and he suggested that 
if you adhered to your resolution to visit 
Vicksburg, that you should, by all means, 
leave in his possession the power of attor- 

I think I must have blenched a little 
when he spoke of a power of attorney ; but 
fortunately his eye at the moment was di- 
rected towards the carpet, and it escaped 
his notice. 

* I am indeed, grateful for the kind inter- 

est which you manifest in my behalf, at this 
particular juncture in my affairs ; and as far 
as possible will avail myself of your timely 
advice,' said I, after a few moments' reflec- 
tion. ' As for the hypocritical Quaker, I 
think, since he has been so thoroughly un- 
masked, he will not presume again to resort 
to any more diabolical expedients to annoy 

' Still I fear him. Miss Marland. Hia 
exposure will only make him more desper- 
ate. Besides, that smooth-faced son of his 
is as great a knave as his father; and if I 
am rightly informed, his sensitive nature is 
still smarting under a most severe infliction 
bestowed upon him from the lips of a certain 
young lady, to whose hand in marriage he 
most confidently aspired.' 

' I fully understand, colonel,' said I, 
laughing, in spite of myself, as I thought of 
Potiphar's ungainly figure standing most 
awkwardly before me, and making love in a 
manner most ludicrous to behold. 

' Then it is true ? ' queried the colonel. 

' I confess it ; but little did I anticipate 
that I should ever hear of it again ' 

' It is quite a topic of conversation in town ; 
and many a joke is made in connection, at 
Potiphar's expense.' 

' I am quite ashamed to think of it,' said 
I, petulantly. ' To be made love to by a 
Quaker booby but a few hours after I had 
arrived here, and before I had exchanged a 
dozen words with the intruder, was a scene 
too ridiculcfus not to laugh at, and too seri- 
ous to be made a jest of by outside parties. 
Why, I shall hardly be able to look a young 
gentleman or lady in the face, when I visit 
the city, without blushing. ' 

' But the jests cannot be aimed at you,' 
remarked Lamar. 

' Still, my name will be coupled with this 
booby son of a knavish father, whenever the 
subject is mentioned,' said I. 

I had hardly got these words out of my 
mouth, when the door-bell, violently rung, 
interrupted further conversation. At the 



same moment, Cuffoe, who had been taking 
Ciire of the colonol's horse, rushed in by 
the rear door, and almost breathlessly ex- 
claimed : 

' Golly, missus, ole Massa Tomly's come, 
and Massa Potiphar, and anoder gemlem dat 
CufFee duzn't know.' 

My heart almost leaped into my mouth. 
What coukl they be here for at this late 
hour of the evening ? My peculiar position 
and Lamar's warning words, now gave me 
cause of real apprehension. That they had 
come to denounce me as an impostor — as a 
gjjy perhaps, — perchance to arrest me, was 
a thought which flashed suddenly athwart 
my brain. It was some moments before I 
could reassure myself, and regain my wonted 

' What can they want here at this time of 
night ? ' I demanded. 

' Cuffee duzn't know, Missee Marian' ; 
but I spec mischief. Dar am alus de ole 
debble to pay when he's aroun'.' 

Again the door-bell rung. 

' Go, CuiFee, and see what they want. ' 

The negio obeyed the summons and opened 
the door, when in marched Obadiah Tom- 
linson, followed by Potiphar, and another 
man, who appeared to be an official of some 
sort, without heeding Cuffee's attempt to 
enquire into the nature of their business. 

Colonel Lamar in the meantime had 
withdrawn to an adjoining apartment. 

I arose and boldly confronted the knavish 
Quaker, and demanded the nature of their 
business, and why they had obtruded upon 
my privacy at the unreasonable hour of 
eleven o'clock at night? 

' I will not desecrate the name of Miss 
Maiietta Marland by giving thee that virtu- 
ous and much-honored name,' beo-an Oba- 
diah, straightening himself up at his full 
height, and crossing his hands upon his 
breast. ' My spirit doth prompt me to call 
thee Jezebel, but I will not. I will call 
thee Female ! Deceiver ! Impostor ! Thou 
art not what thou seemest ! Thou art no 

high-born damsel of the sunny South ; but 
thou art., as I suspecteth, u she-wolf from the 
realms of the frozen North; and like a 
serpent, thou hast stolen into this Eden to 
the exclusion ot the rightful proprietor of 
this fair domain.' 

' Which you, vile slanderer and knave, 
came near despoiling her of,' said I, inter- 
rupting him, and speaking courageously. 
' Hence ! away ! and never more darken 
these doors with thy hateful presence ; or, 
as there is a law against embezzlement, 
robbery and arson, you shall answer for 
each of these crimes. Begone, I say ! ' 

' This raving becometh thee not at the 
moment of thy downfall,' resumed the Qua- 
ker. ' I have here the startling proofs that 
thou art not what thou assumest to be.* 

' Proofs from a robber — a perjured vil- 
lain ! ' I rephed. ' I heed none of your vile 
intrigues. ' 

' It were better for thee to listen to Obar 
diah, my honored father. Miss Marietta/ 
said Potiphar, in a soft, persuasive voice. 

' Potiphar ! Potiphar ! beware of thy 
speech ! ' counselled the elder. ' Thou for- 
gettest — this woman is not Miss Marietta 
Marland — she is a female of the Jezebel 

* Female of the Jezebel stamp,' resumed 
the obedient Potiphar ; ' my father doth 
counsel tbee well ; for he hath a letter ' 

' Ay, a letter from the rightful heir of the 
Magnolia estate,' added Obadiah ; ' a letter 
that will confound thee, and signed by 
Marietta Marland, the genuine.' 

' A forgery, no doubt,' said I ; ' and aa 
forgery is no worse than the many crimes 
you have committed, I have no doubt that 
you are a forger, as well as a robber and a 
house-burner. ' 

' Such grave charges will not serve thee, 
female ; for lo, and behold ! here is anoth- 
er veritable witness, who has just come 
from the country of our enemies, and from 
the seminary of learning, where he did have 
an opportunity of convei-sing with the real 



daughter of ray old friend, to whom I have 
been a faithful steward for so many years.' 

' Give heed to the witness, I do abjure 
thee, Miss Mariettn — I mean Miss Jezebel ; 
for he is a man of good repute, and the sin 
of lying doth not lie upon his pure soul,' 
said Potiphar, with a most sanctimonious 

' What these good men have said, I will 
swear to,' said the third man of the Quaker's 

' Therefore, false w»man,' said Obadiah, 
' I do command thee to follow us ; for this 
good man hath authority to arrest thee and 
convey thee to that prison in which thou 
didst unjustly incarcerate me. Or, if thou 
wilt make amends for thy past deeds, and 
stay all proceedings with that man of law, 
Mr. Barnwell, and order him to restore to 
me those books of mine which he doth un- 
lawfully hold, then I will be merciful to thee, 
and let thee go thy way, unmolested by the 
ofificcrs of justice. ' ' 

' Ah ! then your errand here is to com- 
promise matters with me ? ' I queried. 

' Ay, verily ; out of the kindness of my 
heart will I condesend to comprcftnise with 

' And is there no other alternative ?' 

' Nay, female there is none.' 

' Then hear me base hypocrite,' said I, 
'with a determined spirit. ' I will neither go 
with you, nor accept your terms. You have 
come here to frighten or to force me into 
compliance with your base scheme, to again 
get possession of the wealth you have, 
through a long series of years, embezzled 
from this estate. But you have signally 
failed. You nor your pretended officer 
have no right to arrest nor lay a finger upon 
me. And as I cannot bandy words any 
longer with the basest of villains, I command 
you to leave this house ! There is the door 
— begone ! ' 

' Officer,' said the Quaker, ' the female 
hath an obdurate spirit; therefore perform 
thy duty.' 

The semi-official looking stranger advan- 
ced a step, and was about to attempt an ex- 
ecution of the command, when I said to 
him — 

' Sliow your authority for this proceeding, 
before you advance another step towj.r.1 me, 
I exclaimed, with considerable bravado for 
a woman. 

' My authority is from this good man,* 
said the officer. 

' Then you have no warrant ? ' 

' None. I am an assistant provost-mar- 
shal, and was asked to co:ne hero to 
arrest au impostor — perhaps a Spj ! * 

' Then on your peril desist ! ' said I, 
with all the vehemence I could force into 
my utterance. 

The officer quailed before me, and reced- 
ed a step or two. 

' Then, Jezebel, will I do what he lacketh 
the courage to do ! ' exclaimed Obadiah, ad- 
vancing. ' Come, Potiphar, we will drag 
this imposter before the officers of the law.' 

' Statid back ! ' I commanded. ' If one 
of you lay but the weight of your finger 
upon me, I will shoot you with as good a 
will as was manifested by our watch-dog, 
when he bore off, as a trophy, one-half of 
your coat-tail, on the night that you attemp- 
ted to enact the part of a mui-derous incen- 

While uttering these words, I displayed 
a small pocket-pistol, which, at that moment 
was as harmless as a house-key. But the 
sight of it brought old Broadbrim at bay, 
and the nest moment he had also produced 
a formidable revolver. Potiphar with hands 
and knees trembling, also drew forth a simi- 
lar weapon. 

Really, matters began to look quite threat- 
ening. But, knowing I had only cowards 
to deal with, and that I had a strong reserve 
within call, I stood undaunted before these 
anti-war men. I absolutely challenged each 
one of them to fight a duel with me at ten 
paces, by way of diversion, and taunted 
them for hesitating to accept the challenge. 



Tliey stood amazed, wondering, probably, 
what manner of woman they had to deal 

' M-o-n-s-t-r-o-u-s ! ' drawled out old Broad- 
brim. ' Verily, I suspect that .this female 
hath a devil ! ' 

* A-bom-i-na-ble ! ' added Potiphar, with 
a nasal twang. ' Father Obadiah, perchance 
the damseris pistol hath powder and a leaden 
sphere within its iron tube And it may be 
she has the recklessness to pull the trigger ! 
I feel it to be a part of dis-cre-ti-on to turn 
our backs upon her and return to the city 
forthwith. We ai-e not in suflQcient force to 
cope with those who carryeth loaded fire- 
arms and is possessed of a devil ! In the 
morning we may return with a force which 
shall overwhelm her and compel her to sur- 
render ! ' 

' Potiphar, thou counseleth well for one 
of thy years. We are, verily, men of peace ; 
and though we have weapons of war in our 
hands, yet they are as harmless as the great 
guns of Manassas ! ' said Obadiah, as he 
turned mechanically upon his heel, and ut^ 
tcring a profane anathema and a pious groan, 
he made good his retreat, followed closely 
by Potiphar. 

The official, who declared himself an as- 
sistant provost marshal, lingered for a mo- 
ment, and said : 

' I feel quite ashamed of the part I have 
played in this business, for I perceive there 
is some mistake here. I trust, lady, you 
will pardon me.' 

' But did you not say that you had con- 
versed with one that you believed was the 
daughter of the late Mr. Marland ? ' 

' It is true,' he replied, ' I understood 
her to be such ; but I must have been mis- 
informed. If it please you I will call again 
to-morrow, and explain the interview which 
was referred to, and also bring some evidence 
that shall exculpate me in my attempting to 
place you in a false position. ' 

' Do so, and you shall be rewarded. Come 
to-morrow afternoon, and ' 

Here the loud and angry yelping of a 
dog in the avenue leading from the villa, 
accompanied by terrific cries from human 
voices, cut short my speech. We hastened 
to the door, and could jast discern by the 
moon's rays, Obadiah and Potiphar running 
for dear life, with the large watch-dog at 
their heels, while Cufiee, the negro, was 
standing in front of the door, convulsed with 

' He, he, missus ; de dog am arter anoder 
coat tail!' said Coffee; guess he cotoh 
'em ! ' 

' But will he not hurt them, Cuffee ? ' 

' No, missus ; only skeer dem a little, 
and get anoder coat-tail, — he, he, yah ! ' 

The dog did not continue his pursuit be- 
yond the terminus of the avenue ; and he 
soon returned, having in his mouth that 
which Cufiee predicted he would obtain, one 
of the continuations of Potiphar's drab coat, 
which, after shaking with much seeming de- 
light, he deposited at my feet. 

The assistant provost laughed heartily as 
well as myself He again apologized for 
his unwelcome visit, and assured me that the 
two quakers, as a deserving punishment, 
should be reported at head-quarters as suit- 
able recruits for the army ; adding that it 
was outrageous that such men should have 
so long avoided the conscription under the 
garb of quakers. He then bade me ' good 
night,' and disappeared down the avenue. 

But what of Col. Lamar ? He met me as 
I entered the hall, and confessed that be 
had been not only a listener but an observer 
of all that had passed, within the darkened 
room adjoining. 

' The whole scene,' said he, ' was of so 
ludicrous a nature that I enjoyed it hugely. 
At one moment matters had culminated so 
nearly to a violent point, that I felt my in- 
terference to be almost necessary ; but it was 
turned so quickly by the belligerents show- 
ing the white feather, that I desisted.' 

' And I am glad you restrained yourself, 
colonel,' said I, 'for it would really have 



been quite awkward for you, as well as my- 
Belf, to reveal to those men that you were 
here tete-a-tete with me, at this late hour. It 
would at least have made food for scandal- 
mongers. ' 

' You will acknowledge, Miss Marland, 
that I had a good excuse for seeking this 
interview, late though it was when I came ; 
tliough I confess the desire to see you again 
before I left for my post, had not a little to 
do in impelling me hither.' 

' lam under great obligations to you, sir,' 
I replied ; ' you have done me a great ser- 
vice by the timely warning I had from your 
lips. It gave me just that sort of assurance 
necessary to effectually thwart their inten- 

' And you made most admirable use of 
it,' returned the colonel ; ' it is the first time 
in my life that one young lady may possibly 
be more than a match for three full grown 

With these words he took his hat, and 
after making regrets that he was compelled 
to absent himself while I was likely to be 
annoyed by the Tomlinsons, he bade me a 
kindly adieu, and took his leave.' 

Before I retired that night my prepara- 
rations were complete for my own departure. 
I imparted my intentions to Cuffee, and bade 
him have the lesser carriage ready to take 
me to the station of the Jackson and Vicks- 
burg Railroad in time to take the nine o'clock 
train for the latter place. 

This faithful nco;ro, notwithstandins: he 
had fairly danced with joy at the first inti- 
mation I made to him that he could gain his 
freedom by going to Vicksburg with me, 
was quite alarmed when I told him that I 
was really in earnest going to that city ; for 
at this time this stronghold of the rebels was 
vigorously invested by strong forces of the 
federal array and navy, and stoughtly de- 
fended by all the' resources which the con- 
federates could concentrate on that immense- 
ly important point. 

' Lor' massy, missee, dey hab do war 

down dar, de wuss kine ; ' said Cuffee, while 
amazement shone from his eyes ; ' dey keep 
de binr2;uns tunderin2;, and de shells bu.stin, 
and de bullets whisslin, 'bout all de time 
night and day. Den dey do say dem Yan- 
kees muss take de city pooty soon ; and den, 
Missee Marian' wot becum ob you den ? 
Golly, I wudn't dar to go down dar for all 
de wurld. Sure to get killed wid a bullet, 
or busted wid a shell. ' 

'Oh ! Cuffee, there is no danger for me 
there. I shall be out of the way of that,' 

Notwithstanding his description of the 
dangers to be encountered, and that he was 
sure to get killed with a bullet or a shell, 
if he went down there, ho finally persuaded 
me to let him accompany me, to see that I 
fell into no danger on the road, and that I 
should be exempt from the dangers of inces- 
ant bombardment while there. 

Before leaving Magnolia Villa, I oujjht 
here to say, that I indited an explanatory 
letter to the veritable Miss IMarietta iMarland, 
explaining all that the reader knows of my 
actions, while in the assumption of her po- 
sition, justifying my conduct on the princi- 
ple tnut ' all was fair in war..' This letter 
I sealed, and placed in an escrutoire in the 
boudoir, in a place that she would be most 
likely to discover it, very soon after she had 
arrived at her home ; an event which, I 
knew from certain indications, would be 
likely to occur in a very few days. 

In departing from Magnolia Villa I must 
confess that I could not suppress a tear or 
two, for the servants (they did not seem like 
slaves) appeared to have become very much 
attached to me ; so much so that many of 
them declared they never would leave my 
service if the ' Yanks ' did conquer the con- 
federacy, and set them free. That this was 
their determination I had more than the 
testimony of their declaration for. 

However, Cuffee and I sat out on our 
journey, and in the course of four hours 
we found ourselves in the invested city, 



without meeting witli any incident or annoy- 
ance on the route, except the frequent de- 
mand to show my pass. 

A note in cipher instructed me where to 
find accommodations, which was in a part of 
the city, as remote from danger as possible, 
although there was no real safety anywhere. 
After I had become fairly domiciled, I sent 
Cufibe on his way rejoicing towards Jackson, 
for, during the twenty-four hours he was in 
Vicksburg, he was in constant trepidation 
lest his head should come in contact with one 
of those blazing 'dinner pots,' which were 
constantly flying over the city, to the terror 
of almost everybody. In fact, he declared 
he was homesick, and said he much rather 
preferred to be a servant at Magnolia Villa 
than a free man at Vicksburg. 

As soon as Cuffee was gone, my hostess, 
who at once had taken me in charge as 
though I belonged especially to her, fur- 
nished me with a new costume, suited as she 
said, particularly to the atmosphere of the 
beleaguered dty. I donned it at once, and 
all traces of Miss Marietta Marland, the 
heiress of Masrnolia Villa, and boardinc;- 
school Miss, suddenly disappeared. 

The events which followed I will not tire 
your patience to-night by narrating, to which 
Colonel Pdanly you have been such an ex- 
cellent listener." 

" I could listen all night," replied Col- 
onel Manly ; ' ' why every step you took is 
fraught with the deepest interest. If I were 
only a novelist, I could write a romance 
that would astonish and charm the world. 
I am sure I shall dream of Magnolia Villa, 
to-night ; of its ancient coach and coachman 
— of Cuffee and the footman — of Obadiah, 
and of Potiphar, — and of Colonel Lamar, 
who, if he were not a rebel, I could not de- 
spise him for being, really, a most ardent 
lover; audi am thinking that if it had not 
been for his impressible heart, his eyes 
would not have been so utterly blinded as 
to your real character and position at Mag- 
noUa Villa." 

" Very possible ; for I flatter myself that 
I was not wholly indifferent to him ; but be 
assured my kindest of friends, his love ardor 
could have found no response in the affec- 
tions of the soi disant Marietta ]\Iarland. 
Good night, colonel. Whatever dreams you 
may have, I hope that they will not make 
your sleep unpleasant." 

"Thanks! Goodnight." 




Fourth of July in Vicksburg ! Never 
was our National Independence celebrated 
with more heartfelt joy and spirit by every 
true patriot, than that on which the seven- 
starred flag of rebellion gave place to " Old 
Glory,' with all its stars and stripes. 

The booming of mighty cannon from sh]-> 
and shore — the ringing of bells — the beat- 
ing of drums — the shouts of our brave sol- 
diers and sailors — the inspiring strains of 
patriotic martial music from a hundred 
bands — swelled into one grand chorus, — 
was indeed a fit sequel to the terrible, almost 
incessant thunderiugs of shotted cannon, 
bursting of shells, rattling of musketry, 
cries of the wounded, and all the noises 
which make up the pandemonium of bloody 
warfare, which had been the daily and 
nightly demonstrations within and without 
the walls of the doomed city for weeks, aye, 
for months previous. 

I speak of this particular Independence 
day with more than a patriot's ardor ; for 
none can know, save those who experienced 
the fearful scenes of that memorable cam- 
pain, of the contrast that two days had pro- 
duced. Yet our joys were not unmingled 
with sorrow; we could not forget those of 
our comrades who "slept the sleep that 
knows no awakening; " those who languish- 
ed and suffered on beds of sickness; and 



those who were far away, who could not re- 
call the siege and capture of Vicksburg 
without dropping a tear of sadness for the 
loved ones who were the victims of that 
grand national achievement. 

When that ever memorable day had pass- 
ed, and evening came, I was again unspeak- 
ably happy to be in the presence of Virginia 

Our kind and attentive surgeon was there 
also. He was invited to lemain, but he de- 
clined, saying that every surgeon in the 
army had pressing' professional duties to 
perform, and that it was as essential for him 
to be as constant in the hospital as ife was 
for a commander to be with his soldiers in 
the hour of battle. 

" A braver or more skilful and conscien- 
tious man than Doctor Glenfield, our array 
can scarcely boast of," I remarked, as soon 
as the surgeon had retired from the room. 

" Yos, and so kind and considerate; and 
how diffident he seems," added A^irginia. 

"lie has informed me that I cannot be 
allowed to remain on the sick list any 
longer ; and that he shall report me ' fit for 
duty ' to-morrow morning. So, Virginia, I 
can well listen to the conclusion of your ad- 
ventures this evening," said I, persuasively. 
" A record of my experiences since I ar^ 
rived in this city will' not prove a very in- 
teresting one ; but I promise you I shall be 
brief," said Virginia, after prefacing her nar- 
rative with a few unimportant particulars 
respecting her manner of entering the city, 
and the scrutiny with which her passport 
was examined, and the almost rude manner 
in which her form and features were scanned 
by provost marshals, detectives, and other 
police officials. 

" On reaching the house to which ray in- 
structions directed me," resumed Virginia, 
" I was very kindly received by a middle- 
aged lady, who called herself Mrs. Ramsay, 
and, as I have before intimated, my ' Mari- 
etta Marland ' costume was changed for one 
of much less pretensions, for ladies of high 

degree in Vicksburg condescended to wear 
the cheapest and mosC ordinary fabrics dur- 
ing the months of the siege. My coilfure, 
likewise, underwent a radical change, and, 
altogether I think, a complete metamorphose 
was effected in my personal appoariince, and 
instead of resembling in any degiee the high- 
born boarding-school Miss of Magnolia Villa, 
I more nearly resembled a country market- 
girl or a maid-of all-work. Indeed, I had 
previously found that I was not to exercise 
any discretion whatever in matters of dress, 
nor had I as yet violated in any degree this 
part of my instructions. I had not only to 
be passive as to what I should wear, like a 
milliner's frame or block upon which she 
builds up her models, but I must occupy 
the quarters pointed out to me, and to heed 
such advice as might be given voluntarily to 
me by Mrs. Ramsey ; in other respects I 
must be guided by my letter of general in- 
structions, to be varied according to circum- 

During the first three days I was employ- 
ed in ' much ado about nothing,' — watching 
the passers-by from the window of my room, 
and in taking a walk witli my hostess every 
afternoon and evening, to difierent parts of 
the city, until I understood its topography 
quite as well as an old inhabitant. 

On the fourth day I was permitted to go 
alone, and as it was an extremely doli>:;]itful 
day, and the horrid thundering strife between 
the besiegers and besieged had by mutual 
consent been suspended, I extended ray 
walk much farther than usual, until I fosnd 
myself in a street where there was a large 
barracks. I came upon it suddenly, and 
had either to pass directly by it, where there 
were groups of officers and soldiers idling 
away the hours in the esplanade in front, or 
turn and retrace my steps, a manoeuvre which 
could not have been done without attracting 

I resolved upon the former, and pulling 
a light green veil over my face, I resolutely 



marched on, and had neared the great gate 
when I heard an officer utter these words : 

' This Spy is probably in Vicksbnrg 
now ! ' 

The voice was not an unfamiliar one. I 
glanced toward the speaker, and beheld 
Captain Clymer ! 

He was talking earnestly with a two-star- 
red officer, in a handsome grey uniform, who 
was afterwards pointed out to me as General 

My heart seemed to leap into my mouth. 
My gait I am sure was unsteady, and I was 
almost ready to sink to the earth when I 
heard these additional words : 

' She is a young, stylish, handsome wo- 
man, about the size of that young girl, 

there ; ' and he pointed directly toward me. 

These last words, however, partially reas- 
sured me, as soon as I had time to think 
that not one of those eleg-ant, heroic-lookinsr 
officers could imagine anything ' stylish ' or 
handsome about * that young girl, there.' 

I was enabled, somehow or another, to 
move on ; but for a few moments I almost 
felt that I had no limbs to sustain me. I 
dared not look behind, lest I should see a 
grey form following me, but kept on, solely 
as it seemed to me by the predominant power 
of volition over the physical means of loco- 

At length I reached a street that run lat- 
erally from the one that I was pursuing. 
The moment that I turned into it I sank 
upon the earth, as if exhausted by physical 
exertion. In all my surprises I had never 
come so near showing woman's weakness, by 
fainting, as I did then. It was so sudden 
— so unexpected — that had I been confront- 
ed by a loaded pistol, it could not have 
amazed me more. 

However the fright was over — the dan- 
ger was passed, and my heart gradually 
found its proper place, and ceased to beat 
or thump with that unwonted power and 
velocity that so nearly annihilated me. 
Fortunately, there were no passers by, ex- 

cept a few negro urchins, who took little or 
no notice of me, during the t<?n minutes that 
my respiratory organs were becoming regu- 

At length feeling that I had strength to 
resume my walk, I arose, and in the course 
of fifteen minutes had found the way back 
to my lodgings, where in the privacy of my 
apartment, I viewed my figure and general 
appearance, to satisfy myself whether it were 
possible that any one, at a casual glance, 
could discern any traces in my present per- 
son, of the soi disant heiress of Magnolia 

A brief examination convinced me that I 
had been frightened without any real cause ; 
that it was really a very remarkable coinci- 
dence that ' the Spy ' had been spoken of 
within my hearing. But I had absolutely 
seen Captain Clymer ! and he had pointed 
at me with his finger I all of which was 
very natural, because I happened to be about 
the size of the spy, that was ' probably in 
Vicksburg now ! ' 

This incident gave me such food for re- 
flection, that I thought of nothing else dur- 
ing my long waking hours tliat night, and 
gave me food for startling dreams while I 

I was certain that there had been a devel- 
opement at Magnolia Villa. Either old 
Broadbrim and his son had really 'found 
the hole where the fox went in and went 
out,' but had failed to unearth the sly ani- 
mal ; or that the genuine Marietta Marland 
had arrived at the paternal mansion only to 
discover that another Marietta Marland had 
been there before her, doing infinite service 
in exposing the wickedness of her guardian 
and steward, and in restor^ing to her that 
portion of her patrimony which had been 
embezzled by the unscrupulous hypocrite. 

I had some misgivings that I had not 
acted with my usual prudence in bringing 
Cuffee to Vicksburg, and then let him re- 
turn at his own urgent request to Jackson, 
even without cautioning him to say nothing 



concerning mc, sbould he be questioned ; 
but I con.solcd myself with the" thought that 
he possessed more than the usual amount of 
negro shrewdness, and would put all eager 
enquirers after me on the wrong scent ; for 
should it be made known to him that I was 
ever an impostor and a spy, his good wishes 
for the ultimate success of the Federal 
cause, would tend only to increase his regard 
for me. 

I think I have alluded to the fact that I 
had written an apologetic letter to the right- 
ful heiress of Magnolia, explaining all that 
I had done toucliing her affairs, which letter 
I had placed in such an exposed place in her 
escnitoirc, that she could not fail to discover 
it sooner or later after her arrival. In re- 
regard to her I reasoned within myself as 
to what would be the probable views she 
would entertain of me, after everything had 
been brought to light connected with my 
performing her role in such an efficient man- 
ner, during uiy brief occupancy of her really 
enviable position. I felt if she was a true 
woman she would not lend herself to any 
scheme which could possibly place my life 
and liberty in jeopardy. If she possessed 
a grateful heart she would thank me a thou- 
sand times for what I had done. If she 
was of -an affectionate, loving nature, she 
would regard ine with almost the tenderness 
of a sister. 

On the next morning, while pondering al- 
most abstractedly over the matter which had 
60 much exercised my mental faculties dur- 
ing the night, a rap at the door aroused me, 
and Mrs. Ramsey peered in and announced 
to me with a smile that I had a visitor be- 
low. The smile assured me that it was no 
one I need be apprehensive of. I therefore 
followed her down stairs to the hall, when, 
to my astonishment, the ebony countenance 
of my late travelling protector, Cuffec, met 
my gaze. 

He threwseveral glances at me, but the 
blank expression of his countenance indi- 

cated that I was not the young lady he 
wished to see. 

' Missus,' said be, addressing Mrs. Ram- 
sey, and shaking his head ; ' you 'member 
de young leddy, Missee Marian' from 3Iag- 
noly Villa — Cuffee cum wid her, tree, four, 
live day 'go V ' 

' This is the identical person,' said my 

' Golly — am dat so — can't be,' said Cuf- 
fec, scrutinizing mc more closely. 

' Yes, Cuffec, Marietta Marland that was, 
but I believe I am somebody else just at 
present — who, I scarcely know myself.' 

' Am dat you, missee, shuah V ' asked the 
negro, approaching. ' Bress dese ole eyes, 
it am ! Bress dese ole ears dat I hears you 
speak ! ' 

' I thought you had returned to Jackson ? ' 
said I, enquiringly, though I was certain 
that I could have answered the query my- 

' Eos, missus ! hab bin dare ! cum back 
again ! My young missus sent me,' said 

' Your young mistress ? Wiiat can you 
mean, Cuffjo,' said I, pretending to be sui^ 
prised at the revelation I knew it was ce> 
tain that he would make. 

' Anoder missus — bewful young leddy — 
jus from bordin' school ' 

' Well, Cuftee, let's hear the worst.' 

' Wal, missus, she cum to Magnoly, and 
she say she de ginnewine Missus 'Etta Mar- 
Ian' ; an' all de ole fooks say dar can be no 
mistake dis time ; an' she look juss for all 
de world like her poo' dead and gone mud- 

' And, therefore, I suppose they consider 
me an impostor ? ' 

' Not zacktly dat, missus ; dcy say you 
wur her good angel, sent dere 'sprcssly to 
'spose ole Tomly, an' make hib gib up de 
money dat b'long to my missus. Dat's wot 
I hear Massa Barnwell say, and dat's wat 
missus say, too. But ole Tomly he hab got 
de dcbil in him, and do quaker swore an oaf 




ob vengeance gin you — tole de Provy Mar- 
shal dat you wur a Yankee Spy, an' dat you 
had gone off to Vicksburg to see wot de 
rebels am doiu' dar, and den wud go ober 
to de Yankees to 'sposc dem.' 

' And have you made this journey ex- 
pressly to tell me this? ' I asked. 

' Ees, missus, an' someting more. I hab 
now to tell you dat Capen Clymer, Potiphar 
Tomly, ole Tomly's son, an' de Provy Mar- 
shal hab cum down here to 'rest you for de 
spy ob de enemy — dem wot's on de oder 
aide — dat am, if dey can foun' you out, but 
I guess dey won't know you wid dem kine 
ob clothes on.' 

' And you have come with them, I sup- 
pose ? ' 

' I confess de fac, missus ; dey made me 
como to pint you out weneber I cud sot dese 
ole eyes 'pon you ; but neber fear Cuffee. 
My new missus tole me to do all dat I cud 
to lead dem 'stray, juss like a flock ob sheep, 
an' I alius 'beys missus. But dey am 'tar- 
mined to cotch you if dey can — so you muss 
be on your guard. Dat's wot I moss cum 
for to tell you, an' to gib you dis letter dat 
my new missus gub me. Muss lef nobody 
see, 'case it might git de young leddy into 

' I fully comprehend, my good friend, and 
I will endeavor yet to reward you for all 
your trouble on my account. ' 

' Golly I knows dat, but I wants nuffin — 
I will hab nuffin — my missus will gib Cuffee 
eberyting dat he wants. But be keerful, 
missus, and dey won't fin' you, dats all — 
good mornin' ! ' 

"With these words, uttered with almost 
breathless haste, the faithful negro turned 
and shot out of the house with all the speed 
•he could make. 

I hastened back to my room, filled with 
all a woman's curiosity to know the contents 
of the missive which the negro had put into 
my hand. I broke the seal, and. in a neat 
style of boarding-school chirography, and 

boarding-school phraseology, I read as fol- 

' My Dear Lady, — ^I wish T knew your 
name that I might address you thereby. On 
my arrival at home I assure you that quite 
an excitement was created, and everybody 
— servants and all — stared at me with per- 
fect astonishment; and all anxious to lell 
me that another Miss IMarietta Marland had 
been there before me, and that she was a 
very kind and beautiful young lady; in- 
deed, they complimented you so lavishly 
that, if I did not feel slightly jealous of you, 
I did feel a little envious. 

I had been in the house but a few hours, 
when, on going to my escritoire, I discovered 
your letter of apologies, explanations, etc. 
But what astonished me most was your ac- 
count of your dealings with my guardian, 
and steward of the estate left me by my late 
lamented father. I had been led to believe 
that I was possessed of only a small com- 
petency, and when you intimated that I was 
a wealthy heiress, and that the great resti- 
tution of the property by Obadiah Tomlin- 
son was brought about througli your shrewd- 
ness and effort, of course I could not but 
feel the most heartfelt gratitude towards you. 

For the purpose of understanding the 
matter more fully, I sent for 'Mr. Barnwell, 
the attorney named in your letter. He came 
almost immediately, and was as much sur- 
prised to find another Miss Marland as I had 
been to heai of Obadiah Tomlinson's per- 
fidy and crime. 

I showed him your letter, which explained 
the position of things in their true light. 
He corroborated in full. your statement, and 
commended what you had done in my behalf 
in the warmest terms. But, you must not 
think it strange, if we were both exceeding- 
ly puzzled as to what your real motives 
could have been in coming to^ Magnolia 
Villa ; and after unmasking a villain, and 
compelling him to restore that which he had 
unlawfully taken, to take so sudden a depar- 
ture. Still more are we puzzled to under- 
stand how it was that you came into posses- 
sion of my luggage, which it appears you 
brought safely to my home, and to find it 
precisely in the condition in which it was 
packed, before it preceded me on my depar- 
ture from Kentucky for jNIississippi, under a 
passport from the General of the Union 



On the (lay after my interviow with Mr. 
Barnwell at home, I went to Jaekson and 
called u[)on liini at his office, wliere I had the 
eatisfaction of scein<j;all the papers portainini^ 
to my aff-iirs. While there, I was startle: 1 
to learn that you was a Spy of the Federal 
army, and p.iincd to hear that you were im- 
mediately to be pursued to Vieksburg, and 
if found, you were to be arrested, tried, and 
punished as a Spy ! Tf the worst be true, 
believe me wlien I say that [ hope and pray 
that you in:iy not fall into their hands. 

On returning home, an old negro they call 
Cuffee, had, as it was stated, just returned 
from Vieksburg, after accompanying you 

I questioned him closely, and after he be- 
came assured that I was, after all, his true 
mistress, lio confessed tliat he had seen you 
8afely in Viclcsburg, and then spoke of you 
in such flattering terms, that I can believe 
you almost an angel, even if you are a Spy. 
He was greatly troubled in spirit when I 
told him of the rumors I had heard in re- 
gard to you while in Jackson. I suggested 
to him that you should, if possible, be fore- 
warned, even if he had to return to Vicks- 
buro;. He was struck with the suggestion, 
and was eager to go at once. 

Before he was in readiness, however, an 
officer rode up to the door, and requested 
to see the negro, Cuffee. There was no pos- 
sibility of avoiding him, so, Cuffee, putting 
the best face on the matter, confronted the 
officer, who asked him several questions 
touching his journey to Vieksburg, all of 
which the negro answered promptly, and 
with no attempt, seemingly, to disguise any- 
thing ; but studiously avoided knowing an}'- 
thing of your movements after you entered 
within the walls of the city, and especuilly 
in regard to the place wliere you made your 

The officer then requested my permission 
to let tho negro go with him and others to 
Vieksburg, in order that ' the Spy ' might 
bo identified, in case any one were arrested, 
supposed to be her. 

1 saw by the twinkle of Cuffee's eye that 
he was very desirous to go, not, however, 
for the purpose of lending aid to arrest her, 
but if possible, to assist her to escape. 

The officer allowed him thirty minutes to 
be in readiness, meanwhile I have had an 
opportunity to exchange a few words with 
him — to finish this letter — and as I InteDd 

to secrete it in the lining of his coat, I 
hope it may get safely into your hands. 
Gud bless you, whoever you are! and may 
you esca[)e those in pursuit, will be the con- 
stant prayer of 

Your grateful friend, 

Mariett.v MAia.\ND. 

P. S. I shall also pray that the time 
may come when I shall be permitted to see 
you, and in some manner recompense you 
for the ^-eat good you have done me.' 

" This was tnily a most coinforting epistle 
to me," resumed Virginia, after readinj; it 
aloud to Colonel Manly; "for my con- 
science had been somewhat troubled in be- 
ing made to play the part of impostor as well 
as Spy. In truth, I should not, before I 
read that postscript, have liked to have had 
the little prayer which it contained answered. 
I should have wilted in the real Miss Mar- 
land's presence. But now a load had been 
removed from my heart, and I could have 
embraced this little feminine rebel, whom I 
had so successfully personated without ever 
having seen her, with a hearty good will. 

I did not venture forth on the day of 
receiving this very satisfactory and consola- 
tory letter, but remained alone in my room, 
considering the mosteffisctual mode of ob- 
tainins; the information .1 sought, and of baf- 
fling those who had been in search of the fe- 
male Spy. 

On the next day, however, having assur- 
ance that my disguise was complete, I ven- 
tured out, and after promenading for an 
hour or more through the thronged ave- 
nues of the city, an incident occurred which 
somewhat jeopardized my liberty and accord- 
ingly changed my tactics. 

What it wius and what its results were, 
the reader will learn by reading the follow- 
ing chapter. 





"Although the sun rose in majestic 
eplendor on the morning of the incident I 
am about to relate, it had not reached its 
meridian before thick clouds darkened the 
heavens, betokening an impending storm. 

I had wandered at considerable distance 
from my quarters, approaching as near to 
the battlemented walls as safety permitted, 
and taking observations of whatever seemed 
to be of importance. 

I saw that a storm was at hand, and had 
begun to retrace my steps when big drops 
of rain pattered upon the pavements. I 
hurried on, but the rain-drops continued to 
fall faster and faster at each step I took. 
That I should be drenched through, if I did 
not soon seek a shelter, was inevitable. 

Every person that I saw seemed to be 
hurrying on to gain that which was so ne- 
cessary for me, and soon the street I was 
traversing became quite deserted. 

There were but few private residences in- 
dicating occupancy, and these looked so in- 
hospitable that I refrained from asking for 
a shelter while the storm should continue. 

At length I found myself opposite a small 
public house. The front door stood open 
invitingly, but I hesitated to advance to- 
wards it. A man observed me from the 
window, and seeing my plight came out and 
invited me to come in out of the rain. 

I did so, and as I crossed the hall to go 
into the parlor to which he led me, I ob- 
served a number of soldiers, who were pass- 
ing a comfortable leisure hour, some in play- 
ing dominoes and others in playing cards. 

I beheld among them a familiar faxje. It 
was that of Potiphar Tomlinson ! 

I was startled. His eye had met mine. 
I had recognized him. Was it not possible 
that he had recognized me ? How could I 
make my escape without being observed by 

The rain now poured in torrents ; and to 
0-0 forth at such a time would at least huve 
caused many wondering remarks. To re- 
main until the storm was over seemed to le 
my safest course. I sat down and began to 
look over the papers lying upon the table. 
In doing so my eyes fell upon a handbill, 
which, I assure you created in me anything 
but pleasurable emotions. I took it up and 
read in big, staring letters : 

'ten thousand DOLJiARS REWARD. 

The above sum will be paid to any per- 
son or persons who will cause the arrest of a 
certain Female Spy, now in Vicksburg, and 
bring her to the office of the Provost IMar- 
shal° Said Spy is about twenty years of 
ao-e, of medium height, with handsome fea- 
tures, a fine, gi-aceful figure, and walks with 
surprising elasticity and quickness of step. 
As it is possible she may appear in several 
diso-uises, all loyal Confederates will scruti- 
nize all strange women who come under 
their observation. Said Spy was in Jackson 
last week, and is known to have come direct 
to Vicksburg. , 

(Signed) Provost* Marshal. 

If I did not tremble myself, I am sure 
that this document rustled in my hands ; and 
I was about replacing it upon the table when 
the gentleman who invited me in, and who 
I supposed was the landlord, entered the 


' Just what I was looking for,' said he, 
taking up the handbill offering the $10,000 
reward, which I had just dropped from my 
hand. ' I have my eye on one already that 
I think answers this description.' 

'You will be very fortunate to get so 
large a reward,' I remarked, reassuring my- 
self by a mosfe resolute effort ; although I 
thought I was the one his eye tvas really 
upon, notwithstanding the description was 
altogether too flattering to mean so indiffer- 
ent a looking person as myself. 

'Is the rain quite oven?' I ventured to 

. Not yet — I think it will clear up soon,' 
be said, going to the window and looking 



out. ' You can remrun here as long as you 


I thanked him, an(} he left the room with- 
out any scrutiny of niy person. 

I felt relieved, though not perfectly satis- 
fied that I should not be the victim that 
would put $10,000 in his purse. 

Pret^ently it ceased raining, and I 
to depart ; but as I reached the door a faint- 
ing sickness suddenly seized me, for I again 
behold the features of that abominable Pot- 
iphar Tomlinson, with his eyes staring full 
upon me. I almost gasped for breath, but 
I managed to move on with tottering steps, 
and gained the open street. 

Had I been at a safe distance from that 
inn, I should have sunk down upon the first 
doorstep that came in my way ; but my 
supposed imminent danger supported me 
now, and with great effoi-t I tottered on, 
until, feeling assured that I was not pursued, 
I ventured into an arched passage-way, lead- 
ing to the rear of a house which seemed to 
be unoccupied, and seating myself upon a 
box, soon partially recovered from the pecu- 
liar sensations which I had experienced. 

Presently the fall of footsteps at the far- 
ther end of the passage-way startled me, 
and before I could attempt an egress a man 
stood before me, who said : 

' ^^y &^^^ woman, what do you want ? ' 

' Sir — I am faint — faint from — please give 
me only a cup of cold water and a crust of 
bread,' I essayed faintly, scarcely knowing 
what to say. 

'You must be hungry, indeed,' he said. 
' Come this way ; my master would never 
permit me to tui'n a hungry woman from his 

I thought it was a white man who had 
spoken to me, but on coming out of the 
passage way to the area in the rear, I saw 
that his complexion had a slightly yellow 
tinge, and his hair was of raven blackness 
and heavy, but he could passed for a 
white man anywhere out of the slave states. 
Following him to the kitchen, he made 

known my case to an old negrcsa, of almost 
charcoal hue, and tJien werlt away. 

' Poo' chile — bory hung;y — bary faint — 
want someting to eat ! ' said she, without 
seeming to address her conversation to me, 
while slie went to the cupboard and brought 
forth bread, cake, and other edibles, and 
spread them before me. 

' Poo' chile — eat away — I gib you cup ob 
tea in one lettle minit ;' and she commeno- 
ed the operation of steeping some tea. ' Oh, 
dis drefful war — make tea, coffee, eberyting 
so bery skurce. I wunner how poo' wite 
fooks libe ? ' 

I tried to eat, but not a mouthful could 
I force beyond my lips. The tea, which was 
soon prepared, I sipped only, but, neverthe- 
less, I soon began to feel its revivifying in- 

' Poo' chile,' resumed the motherly ne- 
gi-ess; ' I tink you are not bery hungry.' 

' I am much better now,' said I, and I 
added my thanks for her kindness. 

' But you no eat noffin,' she said with an 
enquiring gaze. Julius said you were al- 
most dyin' wid hunger.' 

' I was very faint ; but not so much with 
hunger as with fatiixue.' 

' Poo' chile ! Dese am dreffal times, aint 
dey ? ' she enquired, suddenly changing the 
subject, while she kept busily on with her 

' Distressing.* 

' Hor'ble ! Wunner wen dis war will be 

' When the South is conquered — not be- 
fore. ' 

' Poo' chile ! tink you so?' 

' I am quite sure of it.' 

' When de Souf am conquered, eh, eh ? 
Den wot will become ob all de poo' wite 

' Why do you not ask what will become 
of all the colored people ? ' 

' AVell, my poo' chile, de niggers can get 
along somehow or oder, any way ; birt de 
poo' wite fooks, dey am de ones to be moss 



consarned about — dey neber seem to get 
along when dere was no such ting as war. 
Somehow or 'noder, I alius did pity dem 
poo' wite fooks. Dey habs no massas nor 
missusses to look arter dem.' 

' If the North conquers the South, the 
negroes will all be made free.' 

' Den de niggas will hab to be pitied as 
much as de wite fooks. Wot can dey do 
widout massas and missuses ? Wot am to 
become ob me, who alus had a good home, 
kine massa and kine missus, and kine mis- 
sees, too ? Good lor' ! I wish dem Bobalish- 
unists wud stay at home, and not come down 
here to frighten fooks to deff wid dem big 
guns and dem dinner-pots full ob combustr 
upibles, dat dey keep firin' into de city !' 

' But they are the friends of the negro.' 

' Dey won't be so good a fren' to me as 
massa am.' 

' They will emancipate you. ' 
. 'Dunno, zacly, wot dat is.' 

' They will set you free.' 

' Heaben forbid dat dis ole gal should 
eber be a free nigger. Old Aunt Chloe am 
well enough as she am; and I tell you wot 
'tis, she'd radder be sold to a Texas planter 
dan to 'soeiate wid common free niggers.' 

' But you will have your liberty to go and 
come as you please.' 

' Dat liberty I hab now. ' 

' But you cannot then be subject to be 
sold like an ox or an ass.' 

' I can't be now. Massa would no more 
tink ob selliu' ole Aunt Chloe than he would 
tiuk ob sellin' his wife and chil'en.' 

' That is because you are useful to him.' 

* I shall be sorry wen de day comes dat I 
shall not be useful to him. Why shouldn't 
I be useful to him ? He treats me kinely ; 
gibs me eberyting I want ; lets me go ebery- 
whar I want to, an' talces de bess care ob 
me when I'm sick. Who will do all dat 
for ole Aumt Chloe when she habs no massa ? 
Arnswer me dat.' 

That was truly a difficult question to com- 
bat satisfactorily to a mind imbued with the 

kindliest feelings towards a kind master and 
mistress, and which had never known the 
want of anything that could add to one's 

' I am glad you are so well provided for, 
and I have no doubt that you richly deserve 
it ; but for all that, there is a higher and 
nobler destiny for your race in this free re- 
public than in being subject to the whims 
and caprices of masters and mistresses.' 

' Dunno noffin about dat. Neber know'd 
what that higher and nobler destiny was. 
Hab heard much talk 'bout gibin' us our 
freedom and all dat ; and wot a bery fine 
ting 'twould be ; but neber heard dem saj 
zacly wot's gwan to come ob us; wot wa 
gwan to do when we get our freedom ; how 
we am to be better off dan we am now.' 

* You will be independent and work for 
whom you please,' I suggestedf. 

' Ah, poo' chile,' said the negress, sha- 
king her head. * Dat's jess what de poo* 
wite fooks hab, independence to do as dey 
please, and dat's wot de matter. It makes. 
moss ob dem so poo' dat dey can't hardlj 
get nuff to eat to keep dem from starbation. 
We culud people don't want no such libertj 
as dat ; if you Yankees aint gwan to better 
our condition when you take away our mas- 
sas and missusses, -you had better lef us. 

I found that it was no use endeavoring- 
to make a proselyte of this really intelligent 
and benevolent-hearted black woman. Th& 
great point with her was, I soon learned,. 
that if the emancipationists could not really 
ameliorate the condition of the blacks bjr 
freeing them, and demostrate clearly how it 
was to be done, there was great danger that,, 
instead of doing for them any practical good,. 
it would work nothing but evil. 

I then presented the matter in a moral 
and religious aspect, but with no better re- 
sult, for she replied in these terms : 

' If it be de will ob Heaben dat we shall 
be free, de A'mighty wud'nt send fightin'^ 
men and big guns down here for dat pur- 



po?e, and eider kill us or friten us haff to 
defF. You tink dat de Yankees am doin' 
God's service. Now if dat be so, ob cour.>^o 
we shall be better off in dis world. It 
shuahly can't be doin' God's serv'ice to 
make us wuss off. Dat am't common sense. 
But tell me, poo' chile, how it happens dat 
you am such a good fren to dera dat wish to 
do so much good to de negroes ? ' 

This query took me rather by surprise. 
I had quite forgotten my real position, and 
I hesitated. 

' Golly, poo' chile ! ' she said, quite start- 
led ; ' if any ob de sojers or wite fooks hear 
you talk so in Vicksburg, dey'd put you in 
prison, shuah ! ' 

' What do you suppose they would care 
for what a poor girl says ? Besides, I have 
not uttered a word disloyal to the confeder- 
acy. I sometimes talk to hear myself, and 
sometimes to draw others out — the same as 
I have you now.' 

' Dar can be no harm in dat, shuah. But 
in dese times we all hab to be very keerful 
what we say or do.' 

I arose to depart. • 

' Hab sum mo' tea, poo' chile ? ' 

* No, I thank you. I am greatly obliged 
to you for what I have already had. I am 
not faint now, and shall be enabled to reach 
home without stopping again.' 

' How far do you lib from dis, poo' chile ? ' 

' Less than a mile.' 

' Are your parents bery poo' ? ' she asked, 
quite concerned. 

' We manage to get along quite comfort- 

' Hab dis loaf ob bread to take along wid 
you,' she said, taking one from the cup- 

' No, I thank you.' 

'Jess for de small chil'en.' 

' I happen to be the smallest.' 

* I tank de Lor' dat sum ob de poo' wite 
fooks hab get no leetle chil'en,' she said, in 
an almost prayerful manner. 

This conversation was brought to a close 

by the return of the negro man whom I had 
met in the passage way. He seemed a good 
deal e.xcited, and I thought by his manner 
that he was not a little disappointed to find 
I had not yet gone. 

' Wot's up now. Pomp ? ' enquired Aunt 
Chloe of the dignified slave, whose complex- 
ion was so near that of a white man. 

I thought that while she spoke the man 
was gazing at me with a scrutinizing eye, 
but was not quite certain ; for to tell the 
truth, I scarcely dared to look him in the 
face. I kept my eye upon the negress. 

' Dar's sumfin de matter. Pomp, shuah. 
I can see it in dem eyes. Now wot am it Y ' 

' Tlie soldiers are arresting women,' he 

I did not move, but I felt as if an icy dart 
had struck to my heart. 

' 'Restin' women ! Wer — wcr — wat dat 
for? ' stammered out Chloe. 

' Every strange woman that is found walk- 
ing the street, if she cannot give a satisfac- 
tory account of herself, they drag before the 
Provost Marshal,' said the negro, with an 
accent which I felt was meant more for my 
ear than Chloe's. 

' Lor' massy. Pomp ! Wot hab de women 
ben doin' now?' ejaculated the negress. 

' They are after a spy.' 

' Wer — wer — wat ? ' 

' A spy — a Yankee spy.' 

' Wei, wel ; wot de women hab to do wid 
dat, Pomp ? ' 

' She's a female spy.' 

' It arnt pos.siblo, Pomp ? ' 

' If not a female, she wears female clothes.' 

' Wcl, why don't dey cotch her?' 

' That's what they're trying to do, aunty ; 
they have had a dozen or more up, but they 
have had to discharge them all. She ap- 
pears too smart for them, and as slie has 
given them the slip thus far, I hope she will 
escape altogether.' 

' Be keerful, Pomp ! ' warned Chloe, 
' doy'll hab you up afo' long, if you don't 
bridle up dat tongue ob yours. De bess 



way am, if you can't say sumfin good ob 
dem, don't say noffin at all. Am't dat de 
bess way, poo' chile ? ' 

I scarcely dared to make any reply, for 
it was only with difficulty that I could even 
keep my teeth from chattering. I merely 
said ' yes.' 

' Lor' massy, poo' cliile ! ' exclaimed 
Chloe, as if a new and astounding thought 
had penetrated her brain ; you muss not go 
into de street now ; dey will 'rest you for 
a strange woman. You take dat chair agin, 
and sot yousef down.' 

' Yes ; whoever you are, ' said the negro, 
significantly, ' go not into the street now. ' 

I obeyed Chloe's advice and resumed my 

' No harm can surely befal me by going 
out,' I ventured to say. 

' Do not trust yourself,' he replied. — 
' Whether you are innocent or — or — a spy, 
you will be ••ertain to fall into their hands. ' 

* Ob course you will, poo' chile,' added 
Chloe. ' Whateber Pomp says am gospel 
trufe. Pomp alus knows.' 

'And let me say to you, young woman,' 
remarked he who was called Pomp, ' it would 
be better for you if you were miles distant 
from this vicinity.' 

' I do not see the force of your remark,' 
said I. 

' Suppose this house should be searched 
for a person answering your description ? ' 

' Then I suppose they will do with me as 
with other women they have taken before 
the provost marshal,' said I. 

' No, dey won't do no such ting,' remon- 
strated Aunt Chloe, spiritedly; 'not wile 
de poo' chile am in dis house.' 

* Then find some place to secrete her, and 
quickly, too ; for the hunters are after their 
game, and they will n/jt fail to scent it here.' 

' Why, why, wot you mean. Pomp ! ' 
' I mean that this girl is in danger of fall- 
ing into the hands of the ' 

A ringing of the front door bell, and 

heavy footsteps heard in the passage way, 
cut short Pompey's speech. 

'Dis way chile ! dis way — quick!' said 
Aunt Chloe, in hurried but almost inaudible 
tones, as she seized my hand and half drag- 
ged me across the floor, into an entry, and 
then up the back stairs to a small bedroom, 
which Chloe informed me was her room. 

' In here — quick ! ' she urged. ' Now if 
you don't keer bout habin' dem sojers cotch 
you, de bess ting for you to do am to dis- 
guise yousef into a culud gal. Dar's one 
ob my ole wigs up dar ; an' in dar am plenty 
ob ole dresses blongin' to me ; an' dar's a 
piece ob burnt cork dat I sometmies use 
wen I tink I look a leetle faded. Den if 
you git into bed and make bleeve you bery 
sick, I'm shuah dey'll all make fools ob dar- 
selbs and go way tinkiu' bery much so. 
Don't be 'fraid, poo' chile. I'll hab dem 
sa'ch all ober de house, up stairs and down, 
afo' I'll 'low dem to cum in Aunt Chloe's 

With these instructions, hastily uttered, 
Chloe darted from the room, and, no doubt, 
was busily engaged in her laundry occupa- 
tions when Pompey finally admitted the in- 
truders into the house. 

I hastily metamorphosed mj'-self from a 
comely white girl into a dingy, shiny-skin- 
ned mulatto wench. Before my toilet was 
quite complete I heard quite a loud voice 
saying — 

' I know she must be somewhere secreted 
in this house. Every nook, corner and crev- 
ice, as well as every room, must be care- 
fully searched.' 

' Can't say dat she aint hidin' somwhar 
roun' de house,' I heard Chloe say. ' Wite 
fooks do sech strange tings sence de war 
begun. If she am here widout leabe, I 
hope dat you will find her, and Chloe will 
help you do it.' 

' Oh, we shall find her ; she can't escape 
us. No one can leave the house without 
falling into the hands of a sentinel ; ' said 



the same voice, wbich seemed slightly fa- 
miliar to me. 

*Don' speak so loud, massa, 'case my 
poo' long loss sister's chile am quite sick 
wid a feber, an' de doctor say she musn't 
be disturbed till she gets to be conwalesent,' 
I heard Chloe caution as she came in the 
vicinity of her sleeping apartment. ' Step 
8of 'ly,' she added, 'case de doctor say dat 
sleep am de bess medcsin dat she can hab.' 

' Wliich is your rpomj' asked the person 
whom the negress was guiding around. 

' Dat, dere ; bess not go in dar ; please 
not, massa,' pleaded Chloe. ' I'll lef you 
jess look in, but you musn't make de least- 
est bit ob noise.' 

The door stood a little ajar, and I could 
hear them softly approaching it ; and pres- 
ently I could distinctly hear the heavy res- 
pirations of one who seemed to stand directly 
over me. 

This was a painful moment to me. I felt 
my heart almost in my mouth, and the blood 
seemed to freeze in my veins. Yet I kept 
as rigidly still as if I had been a block of 
marble, instead of an agitated frame of 
bones, muscles and nerves, as I was. I held 
my breath for a long, long time, as it seemed 
to me, and when I did again respire, I felt 
no longer the presence of one I conceived 
to be a dire enemy. 

After the lapse of a few moments, I ven- 
tured to open my eyes and to gaze about 
the room. There was surely no one there 
then. The tramp of footsteps on the stairs, 
in the entries, and in the rooms, soon ceased, 
and all the noise that could then be heard 
was the sound of human voices talking: in 
the kitchen ; and one of the voices I was 
quite sure was that of Chloe. 

Feeling that all immediate danger was 
passed, I strove to quiet my excited nerves, 
and as I was greatly fatigued by exertion, 
I soon fell asleep. 

How long I slept I know not. My first 
reiurn to half consciousness brought my 

eyes in the glare of a lamp held by a sable 

' Wake up, poo' chile ; slep' long nuf ; ' 
were the words that greeted me from my 
black protectress. ' De sojers am all gone 
'cept one, an' he aint no 'count any way.' 

' Thanks, ray good woman, for your kind- 
ness,' said I ; ' and it shall not go unre- 

' You muss get up an' go now — it's moss 

' Can it be possible ? How long have I 

' Ten, leben hour, Now am de bess 
chance to 'scape, 'fore dcy send another 
sent'nel to guard de door.' 

' Do you mean to say that the house has 
been guarded by soldiers all night ? ' 

' By one sentinel at a time, only. De 
lass one I hab got down stairs in de wood- 
shed, an' he am ob no more use dan do logs 
ob wood dat am scattered 'bout him. He 
am bery fond of whiskey but he am too 
drank to drink any mo'. Come poo' chile, 
hurry up ! Dar aint much time to lose.' 

I was wide awake now, and proceeded, at 
Chloe's request, to wash the smut from my 
face, and to put on a grey uniform, which 
she had procured for me. 

I had so often donned the blue jacket and 
trowsers, that Chloe was quite astonished to 
see how kindly I took to them. She had 
not forgotten the cap, nor belts, for I per- 
ceived that it was intended that I should at 
onco become an active rebel soldier. 

I followed her down into the kitchen, 
thence to the wood-shed, where I beheld a 
confederate soldier lying at full length on 
the floor, in a beastly state of intoxication. 

I gave one glance at his features. That 
glance startled me — for the drunken soldier 
was none other than one of my discarded 
lovers, — Potiphar Tomlinson. 

His gun was lying near him with bayonet 
fixed, which weapon Chloe said I must take, 
and stand guard in front of the house, until 
I saw a clear opportunity to effect my escape ; 



adding, that at four o'clock, tlie relief guard 
would make their grand rounds. 

' What o'clock is it now "/ ' I encjuired. 
' Jes' twenty minutes to four,' replied 
Chloe. ' Golly, you'd better hurry, or 
you'll hab to pass you'sef off for dat poo' 
sent'nelia de wood-shed.' 

The force of her remark was all the more 
to be seen, when the thought occurred to me 
that Potiphar Tomlinson was well-nigh six 
feet in stature, while mine was no more than 
an ordinary sized woman's. 

Taking a hurried adieu of Chloe, I passed 
through the passage-way, and without, at 
first, looking either lo the right or left, com- 
menced pacing the fifty-feet beat, being the 
width of the premises of the mansion which 
had thus afibrded me protection from those 
who were so vigilant in their endeavors to 
apprehend the Female Spy, 

It was now daybreak, and after I had 
twice paced my beat, I ventured to cast my 
eyes up and down the street, to see what 
obstacles there might be in the way of my 
making a successful desertion from my pres- 
ent post. The streets were clear of pedes- 
trians, but there were two or three market 
wagons moving slowly through it, which to 
avoid, I thought it best to remain until they 
were lost to sight. They presently, one by 
one disappeared by turning into other ave- 
nues. Now was my chance for escape ! and 
not wishing to be encumbered with a mus- 
ket, I brought it from my shoulder, and was 
about to rest it against an ornamental shade 
tree in front of the house, when my quick 
sense of hearing detected the measured tramp 
of soldiers approaching, though nothing 
moving was visible to the naked eye. 

I listened intently for a few moments, 
when, to my utter consternation, a guard of 
soldiers walking in single file, and comman- 
ded by a subordinate officer, turned into the 
street from an adjoining one, runnmg at a 
right angle, and came tramping du'ectly 
towards me. 

Quickly I again brought the musket to a 

shoulder, and almost simultaneously I heai-d 
a neighboring; clock toll out the hour of four. 

Here was another dilemma ! But I knew 
something, by observation, of guard-moun- 
ting, and nerved myself up to the hazardous • 
exigency. Before I had twice paced my 
beat they were within ten yards of me. I 
straightened myself up to my utmost height, 
almost standing on tip-toe, brought my mus- 
ket to a charge, and cried out, in as mascu- 
line a voice as my organs of speech would 
permit : 

' Who goes there ?' 

* Grand Rounds ! ' was the reply. 

* Advance, Grand Rounds, and give the 

A sergeant advanced towards me. Our 
muskets crossed, and he whispered hoarsely 
in my ear, — ' Death to Spies and Traitors/ ' 
seeming to emphasize the word ' Spies.' 

Why I did not drop my musket and sink 
to the earth has ever been a wonder to me. 
But something nerved my arm, gave courage 
to my soul, and put me in full possession of 
my faculties. 

There was nothing for me to say or do but 
to fall in the rear of the relief guard, while 
another was placed sentinel over the suspect- 
ed house. 

When detection then and there seemed 
imminent, why was it that it was not imme- 
diately discovered that I was not the tall, 
gawky-looking sentinel that had been posted 
there ? And if I was detected without being 
apprised of it, why was it that I was placed 
in the rear of the guard like any other sen- 
tinel who had done his duty, instead of find- 
ing my two wrists encircled together by iron 
' bracelets,' and a special guard detailed to 
take me before some high officer, or to the 
guard-house ? 

My theory was simply this : — that the 
sergeant tliat now led us was not the same 
one who had commanded the preceeding 
relief, and that the privates were not the 
same ; or if any of them were of the guard 
just relieved, they were too stupid to ob- 



serve the marlccd difference between tlie 
sentinel ■who had actually been posted anjj 
the sentinel thus relieved. This theory 
added to my courage, and it might possibly 
be of advanta;!;e to nie on reaching the head- 
quarters of the guard. 

In the course of seven or eight minutes 
wo had passed through the great gate lead- 
ing to a series of prison-looking buildings, 
v/liioh constituted the chief barracks of the 

"We entered the dark and gloomy-looking 
guard-house, and were immediately dismiss- 
ed. No one took any particular notice of 
me, for all appeared too anxious to get to their 
respective quarters. I noticed, however, 
that two or three of them, separately, forth- 
with marched out of the great gate, halting, 
however to give the countersign to one of the 
brace of sentinels guarding it. 

What should prevent my passing out, too V 
I had the countersign ! I could not forget 
those words which grated so harshly upon 
my car : — Death to Spies and Traitors ! ' 

I immediately acted upon the suggestion. 
With a resolute heart and a bold determin- 
ed air, I, too, bent my steps towards the 
barrack gate. The sentinel challenged — I 
whispered, with emphasis, '■Death to Spies 
and Traitors ! ' and passed into the open 
street, after perfonning the part of aeon- 
federate soldier for one hour. 

I took what seemed to be the shortest 
route to my own quiet quarters, and just as 
the first rays of the rising sun were gilding 
the spires, towers and frowqing walls of the 
' Gibraltar of the Mississippi,' I entered the 
street on which the house of Madame Ram- 
sey stood, and in a few minutes afterwards 
stood beneath its hospitable and really 
loyal roof.' 





" You grow wearisome in listening to my 
narrative. Colonel Manly," said Virginia to 
me, as I drew a long breath of relief on 
learning that she had so signally outwitted 
the hunters that had been so closely on her 
trail, and was once more in a comparative 
place of safety, though still encompassed by 

" No, Virginia — far from being wearied," 
I replied ; " your many hair-breadth escapes 
border on the marvellous. If any person 
but yourself had related to me such a se- 
ries of adventures, occurring in so short a 
space of time, I should have required much 
more credulity than I possess to have enter- 
tained them for truth a moment." 

"I have no motive. Colonel Manly, to 
impose upon you anything of so absurd a 
nature that it cannot, by any possibility, be 

"And I, Virginia, believe it to be im- 
possible for you to tell me an untruth ; and 
I assure you that I have been so intensely 
interested in your narrative thus far, that I 
am still more anxious to hear of your sul)- 
sequent career in the enemy's stronghold. 
But do not continue the recital if you feel 
in the least fatigued." 

"Fatigued!" she repeated; "just as 
tliougli a woman could tire of talking. If 
you will listen I will relate one moie series 
of incidents which shortly after befel me, for 
you must know the nature of my mission 
necessarily led me into many awkward and 
perplexing situations, and sometimes most 
dangerous ones. 

For the two following days after my re- 
cent narrow escape, I kept myself closely 
confined to my quarters, employing my time 
chiefly in writing and drawing. Besides, I 
had other reasons for keeping close, not the 
least of which was to be prepared for an un- 



dertaking that I felt necessary for tlio grand 
acconiplisbment of my mission witbin the 
enemy's stronghold. 

On tho third morning Mrs. Ramsey, wlio, 
in fact, was my only attendant, and I might 
say my confidant, — although we seemed to 
understand each other without much conver- 
sation — came into my room and placed in 
my hands a parcel containing clothing, say- 
ing, simply, that, although the clothes had 
come a day later than agreed upon, all pos- 
si])le despatch had been used to get them 
ready. This apology was entirely superflu- 
ous, for no agreement had been made with 
me in reference to any clothing. 

She also placed in my hand a sealed en- 
velope, without any address, which, as soon 
as she retired from the room, I opened. It 
contained a brief note and also an unsealed 
envelope. The former was as follows : 

' Dear George, — A situation as clerk at 
the general's head-quarters being now va- 
cant, I have no doubt you can obtain it if 
you apply between the hours of 11 A. M. 
and 2 P. M. Enclosed is a letter from a 
high source, which will serve as your cre- 

(Signed) Your friend, 

Stephen Cleves. 

The unsealed letter was in the following 
terms : 

' Dear General, — The bearer, George 
Temple, is a young man of excellent char- 
acter, and from one of the first families of 
Virginia.' He is exempt from active service 
by reason of having lost an eye at Bull Run. 
He is desirous of still serving in the good 
cause in some capacity, and as he is admi- 
rably qualified for any clerkship's position, 
I cheerfully recommend him to you, know- 
ing how difficult it is to secure the services 
of really competent clei-ks. 

(Signed) Johnson, 

Major-Gen'l C. S. A. 
To Major-Gen. P , Com'dg G. S. A. 

forces at Vichshurg. 

Although I had never heard of Stephen 
Cleves, I knew whose hand penned the note 

signed by this name. This was sufficient 
guarantee that these documents had fallen 
into the right hands. I then examined the 
parcel that madame had left, and found it 
comprised a complete suit of light clothing, 
suitable for the season, and just adapted for 
a smart, dapper-looking young clerk. There 
were also cap, boots, neck-ties and gloves, 
likewise a curly wig, and a small, indescrib- 
able article, made of green silk, with narrow 
ribbon strings, which would have exceed- 
ingly puzzled me to have divined its use, or 
to have given it a name, had not the unfor- 
tunate George Temple lost an eye at Bull 

"Which eye ? As it fitted the left eye 
best I determined the left eye it should be. 

George Temple ! I had never heard ex- 
actly that name before, but it was one that 
I must become familiar with, and by no 
means so far forget it that my lips would 
hesitate to utter it when necessary, or hesi- 
itate in making answer to it when called 

When I had again thoroughly metamor- 
phosed myself, and stood before a full-length 
mirror gazing at the reflection of ' George 
Temple,' a rather fine looking young man, 
with a slight downy moustache shading the 
upper lip, and with a redundancy of curly 
brown hair, and a green blind over the left 
eye, I could not avoid the thought that I 
possessed one great quality essential to the 
successful versatile actress ; and that was the 
ability to get myself up into any shape re- 
quired, although this last change I had but 
little to do with. 

I contemplated this individual in the mir- 
ror for a considerable length of time. I 
think I never admired him so much before. 
If it hadn't been for the disfigurement of 
the patch over the left eye, I think he would, 
have been quite irresistible to any suscepti- 
ble young damsel. 

Full of confidence, and with as little show 
of vanity as possible, I, George Temple, 
sallied forth into the beleaguered city, and 



wended my way towards the fine looking 
building which I had learned previously was 
the head-quarters of the general to whom 
was entrusted the holding of the grand key 
to the navigation of the Father of Waters. 

I passed many Soldiers and civilians on 
my way, whom I thought gifve me more than 
a casual glance ; but it was reserved for the 
ladies to stare at me as I passed by, and to 
receive their scnitinizing gaze long after I 
had passed them. 

For the soldiers and civilians I cared 
nothing (for I had my credentials in my 
pocket) ; but I must confess that I was not 
a little annoyed at the sharp and curious 
glances I received from the ladies. I know 
they wondered, and asked themselves what 
manner of man I was ? and I felt that I could 
almost sec upon their countenances a suspi- 
cion that I was not of the sex which my 
habiliments indicated. 

However, I gave little heed to their quiz- 
zical stares, and continuing on soon found 
myself before the edifice occupied by Gen- 
ral P as his head-quarters. 

I boldly pushed my way through a large 
number of officers, of high and low degree, 
privates, civilians and servants, all waiting 
cither to gain an audience of the ruling power 
in the citadel, or to get their business done 
through subordinate officials of that same 

Like all others, my progress was arrested 
by sentinels guarding the door ; and even 
before I was permitted to cross the threshold 
I had to make known my business, and even 
give up my papers to an officer whose busi- 
ness it was to communicate between appli- 
cants seeking an interview with the com- 
manding general and the gcneial himself. 

As good luck would have it, the officer 
Eoon returned and bade me follow him. He 
conducted me up one flight of stairs into 
a room where there were several officers 
writing at desks, ajid one other officer to 
whom I was introduced as the person who 

had just sent up his application and creden- 
tials for a clcrksliip. 

' The general will see you, Mr. Temple,' 
said he. ' Walk this way.' 

Through an entrv-way and an ante-room, 
and into a large, square, elegantly furnished 
room I was ushered, and into the presence 
of a fine-looking man, a little above the 
medium height, dressed in the full uniform 
of a major-general of the confederate army. 

In other parts of the room were several 
officers, apparently of his staflf, arrayed in 
full grey uniform, with all the glittering 
stripes, stars, bars and buttons that their re- 
spective ranks would entitle them to wear. 

The general was seated before a desk, and 
upon it, I readily perceived, were my cre- 
dentials, lying open. 

He turned his head slowly around, and 
gazed upon me for a few moments, when he 
arose, approached and said : 

' Are you the George Temple mentioned 
in certain letters I have just received ? ' 

' I am the person, sir, to whom they allude,' 
said I, evasively. 

' Your credentials could be no better, and 
if you desire you can have a vacant desk at 

' I shall feel grateful to you, sir, for the posi- 
tion,' I replied. 

' It is no sinecure — it is work, early and 
late ; though there will be some days when 
there will be little or,nothing to do. ' 

• I am willing to work, sir.' 

' Then we will consider the place yours ; 
and as you will be an attache of my personal 
staff, I will give you the rank of lieutenant, 
with the usual pay and emoluments of that 
position. To-morrow morning, at nine 
o'clock, you will report at these head-quar- 
ters, ready for duty, when you will receive 
your commission.' 

As he appeared to have no more instruc- 
tions to give, and turned his attcut.on to an - 
other visitor, I took a general survey of the 
apartment with my one eye, and was about 
to retu-e, when my attention was arrested by 



several elaborate drawings, framed and hung 
upon the walls. I was not long in discov- 
ering that they were topographical views of 
the citadel, fortifications, and general sur 
roundings of the city of Yicksburg. Of 
course they interested me, and perhaps I tar- 
ried longer before them than was discreet, for 
I heard the new-comer say, in a half inau- 
dible tone : 

' Who is that young stranger, general ? ' 

' Oh, that is a new attache of my personal 
staff. His name is Temple — George Tem- 
ple — he is from Virginia, and brings good tes- 

' Pardon me for my inquisitiveness,' said 
the other. ' Since I have held the office of 
provost marshal the habit has grown with me 
of being over-curious and inquisitive, By- 
the-by, general, that female spy still eludes 
our vigilance. We have exercised our best 
efibrts, but all of no avail. When we thought 
we had her almost within our grasp, by the 
strangest and most ingenious stratagem, she 
escaped us.' 

'Yes,' replied the general ; the circum- 
stances I have had related to me. One must 
possess the cunning of Old Nick himself to 
play such tricks successfully. See to it, mar- 
shal, that she is not much longer at large, — 
for a successful spy in our midst at this junc- 
ture of our aftairs, may do us incalculable 
mischief. ' 

' Be assured, general, our efforts shall not 
be relaxed ; and if she remains in Vicksburg 
twenty-four hours longer she shall be in our 
power. ' 

' Be careful, marshal, that she does not 
leave the city. ' 

' Every precaution, general, has already 
been taken.' 

Their conversation was here interupted by 
the entrance of another officer, to whom the 
general immediately gave audience, and the 
provost marshal retired. Fortunately my back 
was turned toward him, or he might have dis- 
covered that I was in a state of pertui"bation 
too maiked not to be observed. 

No sooner had he gone than I turned my 
single eye from the maps or diagrams that I 
had been examining, and attempted to move 
from the spot. My limbs absolutely refused 
their office ; I seemed to be fixed to the floor; 
a cold chiil thrilled through my veins, and 
a violent tremor seized me. The thought 
that I should sink upon the floor added great- 
ly to my trepidation. I made a desperate 
effort, and moved foward far enough to reach 
a seat standing against the wall, which I 
threw myself into. I dared not look around 
me for fear that I should encounter the gaze 
of some one or more of the officials in the 
room. Whether I was observed or not I 
cannot say ; but after the lapse of a few min- 
utes, the strange sensations left me, and, 
making a determined effort I arose, left the 
room, passed the sentinels unchallenged, and 
gained the street. 

I must confess that I was greatly annoyed 
at myself, while contemplating how serious- 
ly I had been affected, in a situation where 
there had been no really imminent danger. 
Coolness was an indispensable quality in the 
performance of a mission like mine, and 
hitherto I had been in several really perilous 
positions, when that quality had carried me 
through successfully. To lose my self-pos- 
session now, when I knew that I was hunt- 
ed in every direction, would only serve to 
embarrass me in the prosecution of my duties, 
and also render me more liable to detection. 

I therefore firmly resolved, let what 
might happen, I would not again be taken 
by surprise ; and if possible, I would so 
discipline my mind that no event, however 
perilous it might seem, should disturb my 
equilibrium. To this task I devoted myself 
for several days, and it is even wonderful 
what progress I made. It demonstrated to 
me the fact that coolness and courage may 
be acquired by schooling the mind to these 
essential qualities, — essential, especially, to 
one in my peculiar position. 

What had I to fear now ? was the ques- 
tion which I asked myself as I walked care- 



lessly along the most crowded thoroughfare 
of Vieksburg. I had an appointment at 
the head-quarters of the commanding gener- 
al. He had my credentials, and could sat- 
isfy the most skillful detective with a word. 

In twenty-four hours I should have the 
promised commission in my hand, and com- 
mence my toils, with pen in hand at the va- 
cant desk. 

AVho would think of searching for a spy 
among the officers of the pei'sonal staff" of the 
general ? Surely I must be free fi-om scru- 
tiny there. 

I had not thought of procuring a proper 
uniform for the position which I had attained 
until after I had reached my own private 
quarters. To i\Irs. Ramsey I imparted the 
fact that I had received an appointment on 
General P 's staff", with the rank of lieu- 
tenant. She seemed much pleased, if I 
could judge by the satisfactory twinkle of 
her eye, as she left me to my own solitude. 

The day jiassed and evening came, when 
another parcel an-ived, directed to ' Lieut. 
George Temple, C. S. A.' On opening it! 
found it contained a complete uniform, (in- 
cluding cap and insignia,) corresporiding in 
fabric, style and ornarAent exactly with those 
which the gentlemen wore whom I saw at 

To substitute these for the garments that 
I had worn throughout the day was but the 
work of a few moments ; and, strange to 
say, they fitted me admirably, although I 
am quite sure that no tailor measured me 
for them, unless he had done it while J was 
asleep, and this was impossible, for I had 
not slept a moment since leaving the com- 
manding general's office. 

I had no sooner donned this unifonn than 
I heard loud voices and the tramp of many 
feet below. On opening the door I heard 
IMrs. Ramsey say : 

' There is no person here now that an- 
swers your description. Three days ago 
there was a young mustee here, of about the 

age you mention ; but she was incapable of 
the work, and I discharged her.' 

* What's a mustee ? ' asked a coarse voice. 

' A person born of a white father and a 
quadroon mother,' was Mrs. Ramsey's reply. 
' But she was as white as most white 

' Was she good looking ? ' 

' Ah ! that she wa.s — a beauty, sir ; and 
that's what spoilt her for my work.' 

' Do you know whither she went?* 

' She obtained a pass to leave the city, 
and I know that she packed her trunk for a 
long journey.' 

' She lias deceived you, or you, madame, 
are deceiving us,' remarked the coarse voice. 
' Sir ! ' exclaimed the indignant Mrs. 

' Oh ! I beg pardon, madame ; I intended 
not to reflect on your honesty or loyalty ; 
but in times like these we have many un- 
pleasant duties to do ; not the least of which 
we have to perform here to-night ; and that 
is to search your house.' 

' I can make no objection, sir, to that,' 
replied Mrs. Ramsey, with more emphasis 
than she had spoken before : ' but I beg 
you won't disturb the young officer in the 
room at the head of the stairs, as he is busily 
engaged in writing.' 

' Officer V What young officer ? ' 

' Lieut. Temple, a newly-appointed clerk 
at Gen. P 's headquarters.' 

' Is he quartered here ? ' 

' For the present, I believe.' 

' I know who you mean — I saw him at 
the general's quarters this morning. He 
has a patch over one eye, I believe V , 

' The same. ' 

I listened no longer, but closing the door 
softly, I immediately sat down at the table, 
and commenced writing a letter to my friend, 
Stephen Cleves, who had done me great 
service, in assisting me to obtain the appoint- 
ment I had that day received from the gal- 
lant genci-al commanding this important post. 

This letter I left unfulded in such a con- 



spicuous place on tlie table that any envious 
visitor might read it when my back was turn- 
ed. Pretently some one rapped at my door, 
and who should appear on the threshold but 
the provost marshal whom I had once before 
seen on that day. 

* Good evening, lieutenant ; I did not in- 
tend to disturb you, but I am in search of 
that confounded female spy,' said he. 

' Walk in, marshal ; you cannot disturb me 
now,' I replied, in a familiar manner, rising 
from my scat and approaching him. I have 
just finished all the writing I have to do this 
evening, thank fortune. Come in, and your 
friends with you. I have no entertainment 
to offer you ; but concerning this spy you are 
after, — you did not seriously expect to find 
her here beneath this truly loyal roof? ' 

' There was a gud here a few days ago that 
answered the description very nearly,' said 
the mai'shal ; ' but she appears to be among 
the missing. Nevertheless, I must search 
for her, even where I know there is not a 
ghost of chance of finding her. ' 

While we were thus conversing, some three 
or more of his subordinates entered the room, 
and saluting me a la militaire, began gaz- 
ing about with curious eyes, though I pre- 
tended not to see them. I am sure the con- 
tents of that brief letter upon the table was 
perused by them all; and before they left, I 
was satisfied that the provost marshal's eye 
had likewise thoroughly scanned it. ' If you 
can give me the slightest information, lieu- 
tenant, in regard to the girl who left here a 
few days ago, the general, as well as myself, 
will be greatly indebted to you.' 

' Unfortunately, marshal, she left before 
I came.' 

' Ah! sure enough ; I ought to have known 
that, from what the general said this morn- 
ing. Well, we may yet light upon her when 
we least expect it. Good evening, lieuten- 
ant. Should you by any chance come in 
contact with one answering to this descrip- 
tion in any one particular, scrutinize her 
closely,' and he laid upon the table a hand- 

bill, offering a reward for the Female Spy, 
which on examination, I found to be identi- 
cal with the one I had seen at the tavern 
but a few days before. 

This being done, he left the room, follow- 
ed by his posse of deputies. 

After this interview, and what I had expe- 
rienced previously, I think I might have 
laid claim to such Protean proficiency as to 
defy policemen, provosts, and detectives. 
Indeed, the results of the two severe tests I 
had been subjected to on that dTiy, reassured 
me. They gave me that additional courage 
and self-possession necessary to carry me 
safely through the probable exposures which 
I should be daily liable to. 

It was not my intention to leave my quar- 
ters again on that evening, but no sooner 
had I resumed my writing than a terrific 
bombardment from the river in front, and 
from the many batteries in the rear of the 
city, commenced. The roaring of heavy 
ordnance, the whirring of cannon balls 
through the air, and the bursting of bomb- 
shells even within the citadel itself, created 
a terrible consternation among the people as 
well as among the soldiers ; and thousands 
of men, women and children were seen hur- 
rying to and fro, as if endeavoiing to find a 
shelter from the monstrous projectiles that 
were huided from big-mouthed cannon and 

There had been several bombardments 
since I made my advent into tlie town, which 
resulted in a few casualties, but nothing had 
been seen to compare with this. It seemed 
as if the whole army of besiegers had con- 
centrated around the city, within easy range, 
and were now belching forth from the throats 
of a thousand pieces of cannon, every spe- 
cies of deadly projectile used in the Union 
army. The scene became sublimely grand, 
but I assure you it was also frightfully dan- 
gerous to be above ground in almost any 
part of the city. 

To make the scene still more grandly 
tenific, the confederates, from their parapets, 



casemates, bastions, and wherever a gun 
could be brouglit to bear, now opened upon 
their besiegers the most terrific fire that had 
as yet been heard in Vicksburg. Houses 
actually trembled with the rapid concussions ; 
the earth fairly quaked, and the air was 
filled with hellish sounds; while below, in 
the very bowels of the earth, might have 
been seen the nearest approach to a literal 
pandemonium that ever was beheld by mortal 

Yes, — rufle excavations of large extent 
had been made beneath the crust of the 
earth for the purpose of protecting the inhab- 
itants during any severe storming or bom- 
barding of the city. 

Many women and children, of high and 
low degree, were huddled together, while 
the storm of shot and shell raged without. 

Dimly lighted by tallow candles, or kero- 
sene lamps, they threw but a sickly light 
upon the heterogeneous multitude thus 
hurriedly assembled. 

Vice and virtue here stalked together — 
wealth and poverty stood on a par. Money 
was no more a kin^ here than cotton was 
king in the Carolinas. Education, refine- 
ment, and all that tends to make inequalities 
among mortals, were just as good and no 
better, in this hell beneath Vicksburg than 
ignorance, coarseness, brutality and all that 
tends to debase humanity. 

You may think that I have exaggerated 
the state of things in the caves of Vicksburg ; 
but I do assure you that these eyes have 
been witnesses of scenes that this tongue 
would not describe, lest it should excite 
your incredulity still more. 

I was not a burro wer under ground, on 
the night of the bombai'dment I speak of; 
but have conversed with those that were. 
Yet I do not purpose to tell you of scenes 
that others have experienced, but I shall 
recur to life underground in Vicksburg in 
the course of my narrative, and state only 
those things that came under my own obser- 


I have stated that I did not intend to 
leave my quarters on the evening of the 
great bombardnient, and should not have 
ventured forth amid the dangers that every- 
where surrounded one, had not a monstrous 
shell struck low in the roof, directly above 
my room, and carried away so large a part 
of it, that I could sit in my chair and observe 
the stars directly above my head, and watch 
the course of those fiery meteors, sent from 
mortal engines to work the destruction of 
this doomed city. But not long did this 
afford me any attraction or comfort ; and 
knowing that I should be quite as safe out- 
side, I donned my cap, fastened my sword- 
belt about my waist, examined my revolvers 
and went forth amid such of the excited 
populace who dared to brave the imminent 
dangers above ground. What befel me you 
shall quickly hear. 





The consternation excited in the city 
of Vicksburg by the vigorous and terrific 
bombardment of the federals, was not con- 
fined alone to the populace, but extended 
even to the soldiery, who seemed to be as 
much panic-stricken as those who did not 
bear arms. However, to their credit be it 
said, there were bold spirits enough to man 
all the guns that could be made available 
in returning the fire of the dread^ Yankees. 
Whether or not this fire of the beseiged had 
any effect in lessening the terrific stoi-m of 
the besiegers, it certainly was effective in 
imparting courage to thousands of all classes 
and conditions within the walls of the doom- 
ed city. 

The confusion that reigned supreme in the 
streets, and in the caverns and arches under 
ground, and the general lax of discipline, 
during this warring of artillery, enabled me 
not only to examine a portion of the inner 



works of the citadel, but enabled me to gain 
almost precise informatiou as to the real 
strength of the main outer defences, which 
once overcome, would very soon eventuate 
in the surrender of the city. 

For two hours I traversed the line of 
iiuier and outer defences, carefully noting 
the strength of the batteries, estimating the 
number of artillerists engaged, and even 
computing the amount of ammunition visible, 
and in several instances, looking into maga- 
zines, which were opened many times during 
the bombardment. All of this was accom- 
plished without being suspected or even 
questioned; for I wore the staff uniform, 
which I found to be a pas sport to any point. 
The greatest danger which I incurred 
was from the bursting of shells, sometimes 
in such proximity that I trembled even after 
the danger had passed ; and more than once 
did I avoid the blazing meteors by throwing 
myself flat upon the ground, or by dodging 
into some friendly arch, or behind some wall 
close at hand. 

Towards eleven o'clock the fire of the 
besiegers began to slacken, and when the 
clock struck the eleventh hour, the thunder- 
ing of heavy ordnance, and the flying of 
shot and shell through the air entirely ceased. 

But there was yet no peace within the 
walls of the fated city. Fires were raging 
in several quarters, and lurid flames darted 
up into the smoky atmosphere, making the 
entile canopy of heaven appear as the dome 
of Hades. 

Soldiers and civilians waged war against 
the iiery element with more zeal, courage 
and efFeet than they had fouglit the enemy. 
But, throughout that dread night, at least, 
it seemed as if Vicksburg had become the 
abode of Satan and the spirits of the damn- 
ed, for crimes and outrages were committed 
of such a diabolical nature as might have 
made even angels weep. Thieves, vaga- 
bonds, courtezans, and drunken soldiers 
held high carnival during the conflagration, 

the lax of discipline and consequent reifn 
of terror. 

But for all this, the terrible, evil day of 
the doomed city had not yet come. A se- 
ries of military operations were in progress 
to bring about the fatal period when the 
' Gibraltar of the Mississippi ' must inevita- 
bly change masters. 

In returning to my quarters that eventful 
night, between the hours of eleven and 
twelve o'clock, I was compelled to pass 
through a street where a conflagration was 
raging, and which was choked up by fire- 
engines, hose-carriages, firemen, soldiers and 
civilians. I elbowed my way slowly through 
the thronged thoroughfare, and was about 
congratulating myself that no serious im- 
pediment existed between that place and my 
lodgings, when I was startled by a rude 
hand which was laid heavily on my shoulder. 

Instinctively I grasped one of my revol- 
vers, and turned to look the familiar intru- 
der in the face. I was compelled to look 
upward, when I beheld the tall, gaunt form 
and the unmistakable features of Obadiah 
Tomlinson, the father of Potiphar, standing 
before me ! 

My resolution not to be startled at any- 
thing certainly failed me this time, for I had 
not the courage to raise my revolver and 
send a leaden messenger to the old hypo- 
crite's heart. In fact, I dared not make any 
demonstration to rid myself of him, lest I 
should attract the attention of others near 
by, to whom the quaker might denounce 
me, if, indeed, he had discovered the person 
who had caused such a change in bis worldly 
affairs at Jackson. 

' Why am I thus rudely assaulted ? ' I 
at length asked, in as brusque a manner as 
I dared assume. 

' I beg thee wilt forgive me if I seemeth 
rude,' replied Broadbrim; ' for verily that 
is not the way with us men of peace. I 
would speak with thee apart from this mul- 
titude of men of war and fire. Yea, I con- 
jure thee to follow me.' 



.' Whither? ' I demanded. 

' Thither ! ' and he pointed to the en- 
trance of a dark alley-way near by, which 
appeared to be unfrequented. 

I assented, and without hesitation followed 
his footsteps, and we were soon hidden from 
the gaze of any one in the street. 

' I will lend thee no farther,' said the 
quaker, turning round and facing me. ' Dost 
thou not know me '? ' 

' By your dress and speech you seem to 
be of the persuasion called Friends,' was 
my reply. 

' I can be thy friend or thine enemy, as 
thou pleaseth,' said he. 

' I know not how your friendship can be 
of service to me ; and as for your enmity I 
fear it not, for experience has taught me that 
it is unsafe in these perilous times to go un- 

All these words the click of a revolver in 
my hand gave a significant meaning to. 

Almost at the same moment he displayed 
a similar weapon, and a sharp ' click ' as- 
sured me that the quaker was at least equal- 
ly well armed. 

' Verily ! ' he exclaimed with a hissing 
voice and with great earnestness ; ' verily, 
thoe scest before thee a desperate man. I 
know thee well despite the disguise which 
thou assumest. Through thy machinations 
I am reduced from affluence to poverty. If 
I choosest to do so I can denounce thee as a 
spy of the damned Yankees, and thou wilt 
be hung. But I will not if thou Avilt be 
guided by my directions.' 

' "Who do you take me for ? ' said I, 

' Fur an impostor — a she-devil in the garb 
of a man of war. I have followed thee from 
Jackson, and have been on thy track for 
many days. Escape is now impossible, un- 
less thuu glvest heed to that which I shall 
request. ' 

' Your threats I despise,' said I brusquely. 
' But I will hear your proposition, and treat 
it as \t deserves.' 

' It is but to place thy signature to a d 
ument wliich a man of law, an honest att(.a- 
ney, hath drawn up fur me.' 

' Beware of the man of law, he Ic 1 
thee into intracics that will bewilder tlij ■" 
said I, remembering his advice at Magnolia 

' I sought thee not out to bandy words 
with thee, but to obtain thy name to this 
document, in the presence of one or more 

* What is the tenor of the document ? ' j 

' It is but a confession of thy appearing 
at Magnolia Villa, as once before I didst 
rightly charge thee, in a false guise ; and 
there didst assume the rightful name of the 
heiress of the estate ; and then and there 
and at Jackson, didst, by thy devilish arts, 
force me wrongfully to do that which hast 
well nigh ruined tlie name and fortune of 
the Tomlinsons. Yea, verily, thou didst 
take from me more than one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars, besides other prop- 
erty in bonds, mortgages, lands, &c.' 

' And caused them to be bestowed on the 
rightful owner, who, I hope, is now in the 
full enjoyment of her great fortune at her 
beautiful villa,' said I, without evincinjr the 
slightest fear. 

' That is a point that neither thee nor me 
can adjudicate upon ; but the higli courts of 
Mississippi will decree which is the wronged 

' ^Yhj, that is all settled now. ' 

' Not if I can get thy signature to this 
plain and honest confession.' 

'I will take three days to consider it,' 
.said I, desiring to put an end to the inter- 

' Nay, damsel ; it must be signed this 
night, or thou wilt be jjlaced in the hands of 
the provost marshal.' 

' I suppose that document will exonerate 
you from the gi'eat crimes of perjury and 
incendiarism ? ' 

' And what possible harm can that do 
thee V ' 



' It will nialce me quite as great criminal 
as thyself. By such an act I should not 
only wrong the rightful heir of the Marland 
e.'states, but proclaim myself a liar and a 
2)erjurer. Was it not enough to have saved 
you from an ignominious punishment, by 
keeping my faith with you in not furnishing 
to the authorities the damning evidence of 
your attempt to commit the great crime of 
arson ? ' 

' Verily, thou dost not well understand 
me. The i-estitution of all that worldly 
wealth which thou didst force me to make, 
through fear of condign punishment, is irre- 
vocable. The heir of Magnolia Villa hath 
her full rights, and I am bereft of all power 
to disturb them. But be it known to thee 
that, through some source or other, the matter 
of incendiarism hath become promulgated in 
the city of Jackson. In verity, I am sus- 
pected of that indiscreet act ; yet, to my 
knowledge, no one has yet preferred charges 
against me. But I would not live in bodily 
fear. I would be exempt from all suspicion, 
and return to Jackson and to Basswood 
Mansion, where I can hold up my head, and 
be no longer a disgrace to the name of Tom- 
linson. Thou canst aid me to do this by 
signing the paper which I have here with 

This speech furnished me with the key to 
the Quaker's motives. He had confessed 
too much. To be exonerated from the sus- 
picion of arson, which he said was resting 
upon him, could not relieve him from that 
which was patent to everybody in Jackson : 
that he had embezzled and long held that 
which was not his own; in fact, that he was 
a swindler, an arrant knave, — and would be 
so considered, even if he had power to allay 
all suspicion of his other crimes, acted or 
premeditated. Then what his hope, his 
purpose, in ferreting me out? It was to 
obtain my confession for an ulterior object, 
— perhaps, by some crooked means, to gain 
back his lost plunder, notwithstanding his 
declaration that the restitution he had made 

was irrevoc able. This process of ret; zon- 
ing gave a cue to my speech, and I said: 

' I respectfully, but most peremptorily, 
decline signing any paper whatsoever, not 
expressed in the language of truth ; and, 
moreover, I will sign no paper to implicate 
myself in any wrong-doing, either at Jackson 
or elsewhere.' 

' Is this thy fixed determination ? he asked 

' As fixed as yonder bright star,' I replied, 
pointing to the heavens. 

'Verily, thou shalt rue it.' 

' 1 fear thee not.' 

' I will denounce thee to the provost as 
the Female Spy that he and his posse are 
diligently in search of; and I will claim the 
reward of ten thousand dollars for thy de- 
livery up to him ! ' he exclaimed with hissing 

' And I will denoun.ce thee as a perjurer, 
an incendiary, and a swindler, to the first 
magistrate that can be reached. ' 

'Thy punishment will be the gallows,' 

' Thine will be the penitentiary for the 
remainder of thy days,' said I imitating him. 

' Thou hast no testimony against me.' 

'All that is necessary — the pistol; that 
bit of your outer garment ; the books ; 
CufFee ; — besides circumstances sufficient to 
leave not the shadow of a doubt.' 

' The evidence furnished by a Yankee 
Spy will avail thee nothing. ' 

' The evidence furnished by an acknowl- 
edged liar and swindler will avail thee noth- 
ing:. Therefore, Broadbrim, act wisely and 
you may escape hanging,' 

' Verily, thou art a she-devil ! ' he said, 

' I am a match for any quaker in rebel- 
dom,' I said, laughingly. 

' Or any imp of hell, as I verily believe.' 

' Tlien beware how you cross my path ! ' 
said I, threateningly. ' We now fully un- 
derstand each other. If I am arrested you 
surely shall be. We stand or fall together.' 



' Another besides me may cause thy 
arrest ? ' said he, inquiringly. 

' It matters not. If I am arrested, I shall 
take no pains to discover by whose and 
what means, but shall attribute it to informa- 
tion given by Ohadiah Tomlinson, and shall 
act accordingly.' 

He was silent for a few moments, and 
then said : 

' It doth appear, most unaccountable of 
women, that, on the whole, it will be the 
part of discretion to keep each other's secrets ; 
though I did hope that thou wouldst assist 
me in regaining, in part, at least, my lost 
honor. ' 

' You have most wisely concluded,' said 
I, in response ; ' and as it is late, you had 
better go your way and I will go mine.' 

' Tarry, Ijut for one moment. I would 
make one more request of thee, and it shall 
do thee good to grant it. ' 

' Be brief, and I will listen.' 

' Verily, misfortunes never come singly. 
My son, Potiphar, is in great trouble.' 

' Is it possible ? Why, I saw him but a 
few days ago.' 

' Alas ! he is now in the hands of the 

' What mean you ? ' 

' He hath stepped beyond the bounds of 
moderation and discretion, and hath been 
deprived of his liberty.' ^ 

'The English of which is,' said I, 'that 
he became intoxicated, and committed some 
breach of military rule, and he is now a 
prisoner in the guard-house.' 

' Thou hast divined the ti-uth. It morti- 
fyeth my spirit much to know that the son 
and heir of the Tomlinsons hath contracted 
the vile habit of imbibing too much of the 
inebriating l)everage, vulgarly denominated 
whiskey. It hath brought gi'ief upon him 
and upon Obadiah, his father. To be brief, 
he was found intoxicated, whea he should' 
have been on guard at the post of duty. 
For this ojSence the men of war have de- 
prived him of his liberty ; aye, they have 

even threatened to cut the thread of his life 
by firing many leaden spheres into his young 
and vigorous frame.' 

' How think you I can possibly aid him ? ' 
I a.sked. 

' Because I knoweth that thou wilt have 
the ear of that great son of Mars, General 
P , who art all-powerful in Vick.sburg.' 

' Before I consent to do what I can for 
the relief of Potiphar, tell me how you be- 
came possessed of the knowledge you seem 
to have in regard to me.' 

' Verily, I have keen eyes, and when once 
they have dwelt on human features, they 
seldom foil to recognize them afterwards. 
Then I have a keen scent. The bloodhound 
in search of a fu";itive ni2;i>;er art not more 
sure of his prey than I of mine. I have 
hunted thee night and day and have brought 
thee to bay at last.' 

' But not with the residt you anticipated,' 
I remarked. 

' Nay, the hunted hath turned upon the 
hunter this time. But thou wilt promise to 
give aid and comfort to the distressed Poti- 
phar ? ' 

' Be assured that I will do all in my power 
consistent with my own safety, to obtain the 
discharge of the indiscreet Potiphar, with 
the condition that you will never in any man- 
ner attempt my betrayal.' 

' I do promise — nay, I do swear — that 
thy secret shall be kept so long as thou 
keepest mine.' 

' I shall trust you, for I know that for you 
to act otherwise would tend to your own 
condemnation. So farewell, Mr. Tomlinson, 
and when you see me again you will be kind 
enough not to let your penetrating eyes re- 
cognize the soi-disant heiress of Magnolia 

' Farewell ! we part as friends should part ; 
and let me caution thee to be discreet in all 
thy movements, for there be many watching 
eagerly for thee.' 

'I shall heed your advice. Farewell.' 

He turned upon his heel and made long 



strides up the alley-way, into the street, 
where he was soon lost among the multitude 
that still thronged the space before the build- 
ings which werg still burning. 

As for myself, I sought the shortest route 
to my quarters, and arrived there without 
further obstacle. The remainder of that 
night I slept soundly in a room of a partially 
unroofed dwelling, and dreamed only of 
bright stars, bursting bomb-shells and con- 


THE spy's first WEEK AT KEBEL HEAD- 

" On the following morning," resumed 
our heroine, " I attired myself in the regu- 
lation uniform of the commanding general's 
staff", and at nine o'clock, precisely, sought 
admittance to that officer's apartment at 
head-quarters. I was informed by an or- 
derly that the general would not be in for an 
hour, but that his chief of staff". Col. Win- 
net, was present in his private room, to whom 
I could make my business known. I ac- 
cordingly expressed a desire to see him, and 
was immediately ushered into the pi'esence 
of a fine looking gentleman, in a military 
undress, who was quietly perusing a news- 
paper and enjoying a fragrant cigar. 

He turned his head as I approached him, 
and no sooner had he obtained a full view 
of my figure, than he quickly arose as if to 
greet mo. But his countenance fell as he 
gazed into my features. 

' Have I the honor to address Col. Win- 
net, Chief of Staff" V ' said I, saluting him in 
a most respectful manner. 

'I am Col. Winnet, Chief of Staff"; but 
if you think there is any peculiar honor in 
addressing this individual, the sooner you 
dispel the thought the better,' he replied, in 
a hearty, brusque manner. 

' I am George Temple.' 

' The deuce you are ! You lost an eye at 
Bull Bun. ^Take a seat, sir. Have a cigar. 
Make yourself as comfortable as possible. 
The general told me all about you ; you aro 
to become one of our military family ; your 
commission is ready; can't congratulate 
you, sir ; may congratulate ourselves ; plenty 
of work ; poor pay, and our prospects of 
raising the siege d — d poor.' 

I took the proff'ered seat, but declined 
the cigar. 

■'Don't smoke, eh?' he ejaculated, with 
a look of surprise. ' Well, you'll soon 
learn. Smoking is epidemic in the army; 
but few escape the habit. Here, my young 
friend, is your commission as first lieutenant, 
which I was directed by the general to pre- 
sent to you,' and he placed in my hands the 
credentials of my rank, for which I thanked 

' I will now introduce you to the gentle- 
men of the staff" who are present,' he con- 
tinued, ' good fellows, all of them. This 
way, lieutenant.' 

This part of my induction into office, I 
must confess, I would gladly have avoided ; 
but, putting a little resolution into my de- 
meanor, 1 permitted him to lead me into the 
large business room of the department, and 
introduce me to eight or ten officers of va- 
rious ranks, in his brusque, off-hand style, 
not forgetting to inform each one that I had 
' the honor of losing an eye in the victory 
of Bull Bun.' 

I was greeted by all with much cordiality 
and proffers of friendship. Whether to at- 
tribute this to the lost eye, or to anything 
prepossessing in my appearance, I was at a 
loss to decide. 

Having gone through with the formality 
of introduction to my brother officers of the 
staff", or to such of them as were present, I 
was immediately led to a vacant desk, which 
the chief said he had orders to assign to me, 
and was instructed in the particular dutie3 
I was expected to perform, the major part 
of which were copying, or condensing into' 



one document, the daily reports of the sev- 
eral general officers in command at Vicks- 
burg, to be despatched to the War Depart- 
ment at Kichmond. 

I readily comprehended the nature of my 
task, and as I was a rapid penman, and 
wrote a plain, legible hand, I felt satisfied 
that not more than three hours would be 
required to accomplish the work on each 

I sat about the duty as if I was not al- 
togetlier inexperienced, and although I work- 
ed leisurely, at two o'clock on that day the 
document was finished. I submitted it to* 
a superior officer for examination. He pro- 
nounced it correct, and complimented me 
upon the neatness and legibility of my chi- 
rography, and the admirable arrangement I 
bad adopted for condensing the several re- 

' If this does not satisfy the officials at the 
war office, nothing will,' was his remark, as 
he countersigned the document, enclosed it 
in an envelope, and bade me address it to 
the Secretary of War, C. S. A., Richmond, 
Va., and send it at once to the post office. 

I may as well admit that I had taken, in 
short hand, very brief notes of valuable in- 
formation contained in this condensed re- 
port, which I knew would give quite as 
much satisfaction to the besieging general 
outside the walls of Vicksburg, as to the 
officials of the war office at Richmond. 

Day after day I went through the same 
routine of duty, treasuring up scraps of val- 
uable information, which I determined should 
not be for the exclusive use of the Confed- 
erate War Department. 

But this was not my only source of infor- 
mation. On each day officers and civilians 
were constantly arriving and departing, com- 
municating intelligence freely, making sug- 
gestions, and even discussing with the gen- 
eral and the high officers of his staff, matters 
touching the weak and strong points, not 
only ©f the citadel, but the fortificatioas 
which environed it. 

My ears were always attentive on these 
occasions, although I dihgently plied the pen 
in the meantime. Before I had been there 
a week I had treasured up more knowledge 
in relation to the defences at Vicksburg than 
was known to any person outside of the gen- 
eral's quarters. 

It had been a week now since I had met 
with any adventure scarcely worth noting, 
which was quite remarkable for me. In fact, 
I began to look upon my daily duties as by 
no means desirable on account of their mo- 
notony. I needed more excitement. I had 
previously been subject to so many strange 
adventures, that life seemed tame in compar- 
ison. However, this ' piping time of peace ' 
was not to last long. 

If I remember rightly, it was on the 
eighth day after leceiving my confederate 
commission, and while I was quietly writing 
at my desk, when, among the many fre- 
quenters of the office there appeared a fine 
looking military gentleman, who desired an 
immediate interview with the commanding 
general. Before turning my gaze I had a 
presentiment who the new comer was. 

I looked up as he halted near my desk, 
and beheld my former good rebel friend. 
Colonel Lamar. My eye met his, but there 
was no apparent recognition between us. It 
was but a single glance, for I turned my 
gaze towards the paper over which my pen 
was now moving mechanically. I felt some- 
thing more than a slight throbbing in the 
region of the heart, though I assure you it 
was of a far different nature from that which 
often sets a maiden's heart in motion when 
exchanging glances with some handsome, 
fascinating young gentleman. 

The truth is, I had another fright and my 
cheeks absolutely tingled with the sudden 
effusion of blood which they received. I 
felt very much as I did on another occasion, 
on receiving an unexpected visit from the 
colonel, when I was strongly impressed 
with the idea that his visit had some un- 
pleasant relation with the spy, who, still 


undetected, w.os giving the rebel leaders so 
nuicli uneasiness. 

Wliilo endeavoring to overcome the un- 
pleasant sensation which affected nie, I heard 
heavy footsteps approaching, and then the 
voice of the general cordially welcoming 
' Col. Lamar.' 

' What news from Jackson, colonel ? ' he 

at length asked. 

' Nothing important ; but I am convinced 
that Marietta Marland, the young lady we 
were speaking of when I was last here, is 
entirely innocent. In fact, it is impossible 
that she could'have any connivance what- 
ever with the spy who successfuly usurped 
her place, and who so completely hood- 
winked us all. What success here in fer- 
reting her out ? ' 

' None, whatever,' replied the general. 
' Indeed, the provost marshal and all his 
detectives have lost all trace of her. It is 
now thought that she must have escaped 
from the city, notwithstanding the extreme 
vigilance that has been exercised.' 

I began to breathe more freely on hear- 
ing this last remark ; for it was presumable 
that the great efforts which had been made 
to apprehend the spy would now be relaxed, 
perhaps abandoned altogether as a hopeless 

Their conversation was now lost to me, 
for they moved on towards the private room 
of the general, into which they both entered. 

My day's work being now completed, I 
prepared to leave the office, when I again 
met Lamar face to face, as he was retiring 
from his interview with the general. He 
almost halted as I raised my hand to give 
him the accustomed military salute ; and as 
he returned it he gave me a look which 
Boemed to penetrate my very soul, and then 
hanging his head, as if in deep thought, 
passed on. 

In another moment I was saluted by an 
orderly, with a summons to the private room 
of the general. • 

I was startled without his observing it. 

Surely, I thought, my time has come at last. 
Col. Lamar had accomplished in one mo- 
ment more than the whole detective force of 
Vicksburg had been able to accomplish in 
three weeks. I did not even entertain 'a 
doubt of this fact ; and if there had been the 
remotest chance of an escape, I surely 
should have attempted it. Hope even fled 
from my bosom ; but I determined to put a 
bold face upon the matter, and to hold out 
even against fate to the last extremity. 

With this resolution I appea^red before 
the general as if nothing had occurred to 
cause the slightest perturbation within me. 

The moment I entered his presence he 
greeted me with his usual manner, and bade 
me be seated ; and as soon as I obeyed he 
arose and locked the door. 

Surely he meant to make sure of me ! but 
I was rather puzzled at his really pleasant 
and smiling face. 

' My business with you, lieutenant, is of 
of such a private nature, that we must not 
be intruded upon, ' said he as he resumed 
his seat, 

' Caution is certainly commendable in 
these perilous times,' I remarked. 

' The lack of it has already caused us many 
disasters. The chivalric sons of the South 
are too reckless, too impetuous, to cope suc- 
cessfully with the cool, obstinate, pnident, 
and persevering Yankees. If we possessed 
half their cunning and prudence, combined 
with our Hotspur courage, we might defy 
them; aye we might invade then- territories, 
instead of then- invasion of ours. Moreover, 
we, in estimating our strength have invari- 
ably uncjerrated theirs. In equal numbers, 
the Yankees are a match for any people on 
the face of the globe, and the sooner our 
Hotspurs acknowledge this, the more able we 
may be successfully to engage with them in 
the open field, and in strategic operations.' 

' We beat the invaders handsomely at 
Bull Run,' I ventured to suggest. 

* Yes, that was a victory ; and because it 
was a victory it tended to weaken tib and 



Btrengthen them. If we had profited by 
that victory Washington ■would have been 
ours. But, because we were victorious on 
that day, we puffed ourselves up with the 
belief that we could not fight the Yankees 
without whipping them ever afterwards. 
That was our mistake. Had we lost that 
battle instead of the Yankees, it would have 
tauffht us the same lesson that it taught 
them, and we should have profited by that 
lesson as they did. So, my young friend, 
it sometimes happens, in military operations, 
that a victory may be accounted as a defeat, 
and such do I account the battle of Bull 

' It certainly had the effect to make a 
more perfect union among the people of the 
North ; for after that battle they arose in 
their might, and brought against the confed- 
eracy an almost overwhelming power,' said 
I, wondering as to what purpose was intend- 
ed by the general's expressing his sentiments 
BO freely to a humble subaltern of his staff. 

'Precisely,' he resumed; 'the North 
needed just such a check to arouse into action 
all the dormant energies and resources of that 
enterprising people. It enabled them to 
bring even to the walls of Vicksburg a 
mighty army and a powerful naval fleet, 
which, to successfully resist, we must employ 
every means that force and strategy can sug- 
gest. That which we most need at the pres- 
ent juncture is information, not only of the 
real strength of the enemy's land forces, but 
of their progress in intrenching and mining ; 
of their weak points and strong points, and 
of the character and numbers of their re- 
serves. To obtain this information I have 
sent several spies to their camp, but they 
have either found it impossible to transmit 
information within our lines, or they have 
been detected, or, perchance, they have de- 
serted to the enemy, and thus become treach- 
erous to their several trusts. The latter I 
more than suspect. 

• What perfidy ! ' I exclaimed. 

' Monstrous ! ' he added. ' It is now my 

desire to send another spy within their lines, 
and I have been on the look-out for some 
days to find a shrewd, intelligent, active, 
faithful young man, with sufficient intrepid- 
ity and patriotism to undertake the perilous 
duty. I think I have discovered my beau 
ideal of a spy at last, and if he will but ' 
volunteer, — for I would .not urge any one 
to perform so perilous a task, — and should 
he be successful, he will be generously re- 
warded and receive the thanks of a grateful 

' Such an one, general, as you have de- 
scribed must be a rare individual,' said I, 
looking up and meeting his scrutinizing gaze. 

' It may be so ; but he to whom I refer 
is none other than yourself,' he replied, with 
serious emphasis. 

' '/.' ' was my ejaculation. ' You do mo 
tdo much honor, general ; you flatter me far 
beyond my merits.' 

' Leave us to judge of your qualifications 
for the enterprise, and you shall be entitled 
to accept or reject so important and perilous 
a mission.' 

' I must have a little time to consider of 
it,' said I, in a thoughtful manner. ' To be 
a successful spy ' 

' Is honorable ! ' 

' To fail as a spy ' 

' Is ignominy, and if detected leads to an 
ignominious death ! ' said he, interrupting 
me. ' I would have you understand, before 
committing yourself to such an enterprise, 
that it is beset with a thousand dangers. 
The chances of failure are more than the 
chances of success. Still, I am impressed 
with the belief that you would be success- 
ful. I could suggest a disguise that would 
defy detection, if detection depended upon 
your general appearance.' 

' Pardon me, general, if my curiosity 
leads me to ask you the character of the 
disguise you would select for me.' 

' A female disguise ! ' was his reply. 
' You have a light complexion, small hands, 
a smooth skin, and a figure that would not 



look awkward or unbecoming in female at- 
tire. By shaving off that moustache, and 
improving your coiffure slightly, I can ira- 
agluo that you would pass current anywhere 
as a damsel of no little attractiveness.' 

' But my voice, general, would betray 
, me,' I remarked, in decidedly masculine 
tones, for I had cultivated the guttural notes 
of my throat to such a degree, that I flat- 
tered myself my utterance was quite manly. 

* You can very easily acquire the art of 
B|"eiking in a higher key,' said he, forcing 
his own utterance up to a falsetto, by way 
of example. 

' Yes, sir, I think that would not be very 
difBcult, for I always could sing like a wo- 
man. But the idea of becoming a spy ; 
that is what staggers me ! ' 

' It is enough to stagger any one ; and I 
would not have you accept it if you enter- 
tain an idea that it is dishonorable, or if, 
through fear, you are prompted to decline 
it. In warfare, between civilized nations, 
spies are resorted to as essential to military 
operations ; and the shrewdest, the most 
discreet, and the most observing, are usually 
eelected for this position. I could find a 
thousand fit to command a regiment, where 
one could be found to act well the part of a 
spy. Therefore, I consider the duty hon- 
orable whenever necessity demands it ; and 
Heaven knows that we, in this beleaguered 
city, are in such strait now as would make 
any expedient justifiable that can possibly 
afford us relief.' 

' Can it be possible there is any immediate 
danger of the city's falling into the hands 
of the besiegers V ' I inquired, in a con- 
cerned manner. 

' The danger is imminent, though that in- 
formation must not go beyond this office. If 
our brave defenders understood the military 
position as well as I do, it would produc3 
a panic among them that nothing could allay. 
Still, I have hope ; first, through obtaining 
information of the enemy, and, secondly, 
through the safe admission of supplies, of 

every description that we now stand desper- 
ately in need of.' 

The conversation that followed related 
chiefly to the manner in which the expected 
supplies were to be introduced into the city, 
the details of which may be inferred from, 
events which soon after occurred. 

The great confidence which the general' 
appeared to repose in me, instead of elating, 
absolutely depressed my spirits. I felt al- 
most like a guilty thing in receiving from- 
his lips that which should have been givea- 
to one thoroughly loyal to the confederate 
cause, instead of to one whose stern duty it- 
was to betray it on the first opportunity. 
However, a moment's reflection satisfied all 
conscientious scruples, and I listened atten- 
tively to the end. Then, with a zealoua 
ardor that took him almost by surprise, I said, 

' The mission you propose, general, I will 
accept. ' 

He gazed at me a moment with unaccount- 
able interest, as if he felt that the sacrifice 
might be too great should anything serious- 
befal me. 

' Do not decide too hastily,' he continued. 

' I have weighed the matter fully in my 
mind,' was the answer, ' and iam prepared to 
go as a spy into the enemy's lines.' 

' Do not too slightly estimate the perils.* 

'I have considered all.' 

' I had proposed in my own mind to give 
you until to-morrow morning to consider it.' 

' My answer will still be the same. ' 

• I applaud your resolution, but I would" 
have you reflect — aye, reflect seriously.' 

' I have already determined, general, aud^ 
only await your instructions.' * 

' I did not anticipate, lieutenant, that you 
would come to a decision so quickly. If you 
are of the same mind to-morrow mornino- at 
ten o'clock, the instructions pertaining to 
your enterprise will be given you ; and such 
preparations as will aid you and add to your 
safety will have been made at that hour, so 
that you can depart without delay, for the 
exigency requires immediate action.' 



The interview was now brought to a close, 
and the general dismissed me from his pres- 
ence with some congratulary remarks, and 
Bome most excellent advice for my adoption 
after reaching the encampments of the enemy. 

No sooner bad I passed out of the gen- 
eral's private room than I again met, face to 
face, my rebel friend, Col. Lamar. He gave 
me a most searching glance, as he leisurely 
passed by, but there was no sign of recog- 
nition in that look. As he entered the door- 
way that I had just come out of, I had some 
little suspicion that his interview with the 
general had something to do with the prop- 
osition tliat had been made to me. How- 
ever, the second time of meeting his gaze 
on that day, threw me not into that intense 
Btate of trepidation that his first did, and I 
went on my way rejoicing, thinking — oh, 
:how strangely — that instead of having bee7i 
detected as a Federal Spy, I had been se- 
lected as the most proper individual in all 
Vickshurg to become a Spy of the Confed- 
erates ! 





A DOUBLE SPY ! That was my character 

now. I possessed the confidence of the two 

great contending generals. One of them, 

of couree, must be betrayed. Was ever 

man or woman placed in such a position ? 

It was no dilemma, however — there was 

nothing perplexing about it. My best en- 
ergies had been given to one great cause, 
and my heart was in it still. 

And because a strange circumstance — a 
remarkable coincidence — had placed in my 
hands the power to do the real enemy a 
tenfold mischief, should I not use it to the 
fullest extent ? Should I throw away the 
great advantage to be gained by not accept- 
ing the position of a rebel spy ? Should I 

not be a half-traitress to our own loyal com- 
mander by such a course? And would not 
he forever despise me for such inexcusable 
imbecility ? Moreover, my love of my coun- 
try, in whose service I actually was, must 
outweigh my own petty scruples, and, in- 
deed, all considerations whatever. To servo 
her with all the zeal and power I possessed, 
was not only my desire but my duty. 

Such was the tenor of my thouglits as I 
wended my way towards my private quar- 
ters ; and on arrivin<j, I sat about making 
my own individual preparations for a new 
and startling adventure. My chief work, 
before again appearing at the general's 
headquarters, consisted in condensing in 
as brief a space as possible the results 
of all my operations in Vicksburg, together 
with much information I had received while 
performing my duties for the past few days, 
;md from the commanding general's own 
lips. I had previously made miniaturo 
copies of the topographical views of the cit- 
adel, its fortifications and outworks. So 
minute were these, that they were on a scale 
of not more than one-eighth of an inch to a 
foot of the original diagrams. But they 
were distinct and comprehensive. These I 
concealed by carefully sewing them in the 
lining of an under garment; and so skilfully 
was it done that I flattered myself that my 
work would defy detection. 

It was a late hour of the night before I 
accomplished the task I had given myself to 
perform. Then I retired to rest to dream of 
strange adventures, of encountering strange 
characters, and of doing such extraordinary 
things for a mortal, that they might have 
astonished the genii of the wonderful lamp. 

I arose at my accustomed hour, and after 
partaking of breakfast, and intimating to 
Madame Ramsey that it was altogether prob- 
able I should be absent for several days, I 
betook myself straightway to head-quarters, 
and shortly after arriving there was closeted 
with the commanding general. 

He greeted me with cheering words wid 



sinilina; looks, although I thought I detected 
something akin to regret, when I gave a 
mj.5t decisive affirmative answer to his en- 
(^uiry whether or not I adhered to my deter- 
mination of the afternoon previous. 

* It is then for the best,' he remarked. 
' In this dark hour of our struggle the most 
desperate measures and the greatest of sac- 
ritices must be made. I feel that you are 
the chosen one to perform a great work, and 
if you s'lould le eniirjly successful, I am 
sure our countiy will honor you if the gov- 
ernment should fail to reward you adequate- 
ly. ]\Iy instructions will be brief, because 
circumstances must, in a great measure, 
govern your actions.' 

With this speech he produced a foolscap 
ehoet from his desk, and read therefrom the 
precise objects of ray mission, together with 
,Eome instructions how to avoid some obsta- 
cles which would most probably beset my 

' As I propose that you shall leave our 
lines under a flag of truce,' he resumed, 
' it will be a necessary part of my plan 
that you do so disguised as a lady who 
is desirous of. joining her friends at the 
North, from whom this Cruel war has so long 
eepai-ated her. I have had provided for 
you a complete disguise ; and if you desire 
to test its effectiveness, array yourself in it 
iind let me decide how it becomes you. 
McEinwhile, I will prepare for you a written 
passport, and also provide you with a cipher 
and key,' with which you can safely trans- 
mit any intelligence that you may deem of 
service tons.' 

He forthwith showed me into a small ante- 
room, where was exposed a wardrobe well 
suited for a lady travelling during the sum- 
mer months. 

Without liesitation I commenced the ope- 
ration of transforming my outer self from a 
counterfeit officer of the confederate service 
to a genuine woman, supposed to be a man 
in disguise. 

This, as you will readily presume, was an 

easy task. I took to the crinoline as natur- 
ally as if I had never tampered with the lia- 
biliments of the other sex ; and in the course 
of half an hour I had made my toilet. My 
downy moustache had disappeared ; the 
green blind had given place to a veiy deli- 
cate white patch ; and the short, wavy curls 
of a genteel young man were now visible 
beneath a luxuriant coiiFure, and pendant 
thereto, a flow of curls that the fairest dam- 
sel might look upon with envy. 

A hat, quite becoming for the times ; a 
pair of No. G 1-2 kid gloves which I did not 
severely strain in encasing my hand therein ; 
an embroidered handkerchief ; a parasol, and 
a ladies' travelling bag, containing a few 
female indispensables, made up the lighter 
equipments of my costume. 

For the purpose of testing my metamor- 
phose, I left the ante-room by a door which 
led into the main hall, and after the lapse of 
three or four minutes I gave a most lady-like 

tap at the door of Gen. P 's private 


He did not respond in his accustomed 
brusque manner by singing out, in a loud 
tone of voice, ' Come in ! ' but as if he rec- 
ognized that the tapping came from none but 
delicate female hands, he came to the door 
himself, and bowed me into his room in the 
most suave and respectful manner. 

' Have I the honor of addressing Gen. 
P ?' I asked, in good contralto tones. 

' Yes, madam, atyour service ; be seated,' 
he replied, oftering me a chair, bowing all 
the time most politely, which convinced me 
that he had no recollection of ever having 
seen me before. 

' You do not recognize me ? ' said I. 

' Beg pardon, madam, I cannot precisely 
place you ; — the fact is, I have the worst 
memory in the world — can't remember faces ; 
and yet. ' 

' You certainly have not forgotten that I 
called upon you but a few days ago ? ' 

' Upon my life, madam, I cannot quite 
recall the circumstance,' he replied. 'It 



distresses me to know that I have such a 
poor memory. I hope you will pardon mo 
if I confess that I don't remember that I 
ever set eyes on you before in my life ? ' 

' Strange — most unaccountable — not more 
than a week — yes, less than a week ; the day 
on which you received the provost marshal 
on that female spy business,' I remarked, 
with a view of assisting his mem.ory. 

' Lady I have not the remotest idea who 
you are ; but if you will state your business 
or the object of this call, perhaps that which 
is so obtuse to my brain may be sharpened 
a little.' 

' You remember the day that Lieutenant 
Temple entered upon his duties at this 
office ? ' 

' Perfectly well, madam.' 

' May I ask if he is still employed in this 
office ? ' 

' He is, madam ; that is, not exactly at 
the desk, but in another and I hope more 
lucrative capacity.' 

' Can I have permission to see him? ' 

' Really, madam, not just at present. If 
you will call again to-morrow, or the next 
day, perhaps it may be possible for you to 
see him. Are you a relative of his? ' 

' Yes, sir, a very near relative.' 

' A sister ? ' 

'Nearer than that.' 

' You surely cannot be his wife ; for I 
am very certain he is not married ? 

' No, sir, I am not his wife.' 

' Well I could take my oath that he is 
neither your son nor your father,' said the 
general, facetiously. 'Ah! how stupid I 
am ! I might have comprehended at a 
glance — a lover. You are his affianced.' 

' No, general, I am none of these ; and 
as it is quite impertinent for me to under- 
take to mystify you any longer in this silly 
manner, I have the pleasure of introducing 
myself as George Temple that was — as 
your humble servant, the confederate spy, 
that is ! and only await that my command- 
ing general shall bestow upon me a name 

fitted for such a unique specimen of the fem- 
inine gender as I must appear to bo.' 

* Can it be possible?' he ejaculated, gaz- 
ing at me with surprise and pleasure. ' How 
my eyes have been deceived. Why, you'd 
defy the severest scrutiny. You absolutely 
look more like a female now, than you did 
like a male. It would puzzle Old Nick 
himself to see anything masculine in you. 
Not a bad looking young woman either do 
you make. I must warn you against show- 
ing off any of your blandishments cither 
among my subalterns, or among those of the 
enemy, or they'll be making love so closely 
to you as to throw you off your guard.' 

' Never fear me, general ; I shall be so 
prudish and dignified in my demeanor that 
they will find precious little attraction in 
me. But I propose, as soon as I have cross- 
ed the lines, to improve the first opportunity 
to get myself into a uniform of blue, and 
reserve the crinoline and petticoats for my 

' I can have no doubt of your ability to 
rival Proteus himself, after this evidence of 
your skill in changing yourself into what 
you are not.' 

' The disguise you have furnished, gen- 
eral, happens to fit my style, — that is all ; 
and not any particular merit on my part, 
except in the matter of coiffure, and this 
slight improvement over my left eye.' 

' Nothing could be more perfect. You 
will certainly pass the lines without the re- 
motest suspicion.' 

' Which I am ready to do at your earliest 
order. Indeed, the hours have hung so 
heavily upon my hands ever since I left this 
apartment yesterday, so eager am I to do 
something that may help the cause of our 
bleeding country.' 

The general then placed in my hands a 
purse of gold, and a paper written in cipher, 
containing additional instructions, and then 
asked me if there was anything else I de- 
sired, or any favor to solicit that he could 



I at once bethought of the promise I had 
made ia making my peace with Obadiah 

* Yes, general,' said I, * there is one favor 
that I would ask of you ; and that is to par- 
don a poor weak-minded soldier, who was 
direleet in his duty while acting as sentinel 
before a private residence in this city which 
was suspected of haiboring a spy of the en- 

' Ah ! I remember the ease you speak of. 
It was a very flagrant one. He had not 
only deserted his post, but was absolutely 
found dead drunk, with his uniform, and 
even his musket taken from him.' 

' Did it not occur to you that he might 
have been drugged, for the very reason that 
you have named ? ' 

' It certainly did not ; but it is possible 
that such might have been the case. If such 
can be shown to be the fact, he shall at 
once be pardoned.' 

' It may not be ■ susceptible of proof, but 
this much I know ; he has the reputation of 
being a very temperate man, and was never 
before known to be intoxicated in his life ; 
and I have other reasons for believing that 
he is not flagrantly blamable, which, if I 
had time, I could undoubtedly substantiate. 
Arid it is, certainly, a strong circumstantial 
evidence in his favor that his gun and uni- 
form were taken from hira, showing most 
conclusively to my mind that another party 
— an enemy of his or to the country — must 
be the guilty party.' 

' I certainly did not entertain this view 
of the case,' replied the general. ' Your 
reasoning is good, and I think I can prom- 
ise you that he shall be liberated and restor- 
ed to the ranks as soon as to-morrow. I will 
but take a little time to review the matter, 
and if the facts already known sustain the 
impression now received, your request shall 
be granted.' 

' Thanks, general, I can now enter upon 
my new duties with additional satisftiction. 

I have nothing more to ask, except, what is 
my name ? ' 

' Oh, you will find that on portions of 
your wardrobe and on your passport. If I 
recollect right your full address is, "Stella 
Clarke, Lexington, Ky." ' 

'Stella Clarke. I must remember that.' 

A few moments more of conversation en- 
sued, when the general rang his bell, which 
summoned an orderly to his presence. 

' Say to Colonel Winnett that I desire his 
presence here for a few moments. ' 

The officer named soon appeared, to whom 
the general introduced me as Miss Clarke ; 
' a lady,' he added, ' who wishes to pass our 
lines into the enemy's country.' 

The colonel, whom I had several times 
come in contact with in the office, scrutinized 
me with his keen eyes as closely as courtesy 
and good breeding would permit. 

' I am at your service, general,' said the 

' I desire that you should procure a car- 
riage,' resumed th^general, ' and accompany 
her to the outposts, and, through a flag of 
truce, gain permission of the enemy to allow 
her to pass within their lines ; and also with 
the request that she may proceed, without 
delay, to her place of destination.' 

' And what if the object of the flag of 
truce be refused? ' suggested Col. "VYinnott 

' Insist upon it ; and if they still refuse 
make such terms for affecting your purpose 
as you may deem judicious. Only I cau- 
tion you not to appear to be over-anxioua 
about it in the presence of the enemy. If 
all reasonable effort fail, of course you must 
return with her to these headquarters. But 
I do not anticipate any such contingency. ' 

The colonel saluted and retired. In tho 
course of fifteen or twenty minutes he re- 
turned, and after bidding adieu to the com- 
manding general, I was escorted by the col- 
onel to the courtyard, where a close carnage 
stood in waiting. I observed a new trunk 
upon the rear of the carriage, with ' S. C 
Lexington, Ky.'* marked distinctly upon it. 



Col. Winnett immediately handed me into 
the vehicle, gave a few words of instruction 
to the driver, and it rolled out of the court- 
yard into the street, and thence on through 
several avenues towards the suburbs of the 
city, occasionally stopping to answer some 
challenge of the several sentinels posted on 
the way. 

At length we reached the outposts, when 
my affable and polite escort alighted, and 
enquired for the officer of the guard, to 
whom he made known his errand. 

A white flag was now unrolled, and placed 
in the charge of a sergeant, who, flanked 
by two privates, advanced some twenty or 
thirty paces to the front, and waved the em- 
blem of peace. 

A similar movement followed on the skirt 
of a wood, beyond the intervening plain; 
and I could soon discern, with the naked 
eye, the truce fliig of the federals fluttering 
like a dove in the wind, as if always ready 
to meet the peace signal of the belligerents. 
Col. Winnett, with the lieutenant of the 
guard, now advanced to where the flag of 
truce halted, and then the whole party 
moved onward, while an equal number of the 
enemy was approaching from the opposite 
outpost to meet them as nearly as possible 
in the centre of the plain. 

The confereuce lasted but a few minutes ; 
but a longer delay was made in the despatch 
of a messenger to 'the federal camp, bearing 
the request of the commanding general, 
made through Col. Winnett, to grant the safe 
transit to the federal lines of Miss Stella 
Clarke, a lady of Lexington, Ky. 

Nearly half an hour elapsed before the 
return of the messenger.' Then, after an- 
other brief conference was had, the driver of 
the vehicle was signalled to move forward 
to the centre of the field. 

As soon as the vehicle stopped, I was 
assisted out by Col. Winnett, who introduced 
me to the federal officer, Lieut. Kilham by 
name, by whom I was received in a very 
courteous manner, and who, the moment he 

saw me, despatched another messenger to 
camp to bring a horee for my iLse, and guvo 
my trunk in charge of two privates, to con- 
vey to his quarters, there to remain until 
further orders. 

Col. Winnett bade me, I thought, rather 
an affectionate adieu ; and he socnied to look 
upon my departure from rcbeldoin as really 
a sad event, and wondered that I took the 
matter so coolly. 

In a few minutes, an easy, ambling horso 
was placed at my disposal, and T rode into 
the very midst of the Yankee encampment, 
at an hour when all had an opportunity to 
feast their eyes upon so interesting a curios- 
ity as a lady who had just come from within 
the walls of the beleaguered city, which they 
had such an intense longing to look into. 

I was informed, on arriving at the lieuten- 
ant's headquarters, that it was expressly 
stipulated with the rebel colonel that I 
should, before being allowed to prccoed on 
my journey northwardly, be taken before 
the general connnanding all the land forces 
before Vicksburg. 

As you may readily suppose, I did not 
make any very serious objection to this 
arrangement. Indeed, I expressed my wish 
to appear before that ofiicer witli as little 
delay as possible ; and infonncd him that, 
if the distance was not far, I would go at 

He replied, saying that it was too long a 
tramp for a lady to take ; and if I would 
accept the hospitalities of his tent until a ve- 
hicle could be procured, he would himself 
accompany me. 

While means of transporting myself to 
headquarters were being procured, my trunk 
— or, rather, the trunk — arrived. As I had 
never seen the inside of it, nor having the 
slightest suspicion of its contents, I had just 
woman's curiosity enough to open it, the key 
of which having been given mc just prior to 
my. departure from the citadel of Vicksburg. 
It was a well and neatly-packed article of 
baggage, and evidently done by a lady's 



hands ; and on lifting up layer after layer of 
linen, silk, etc., etc., I came to the conclu- 
sion, without removing a single garment, 
that it contained simply a well-appointed 
wardrobe for a young lady. I noticed the 
initials of my new nom de guerre on the 
first article that presented itself, and subse- 
quently ascertained that each article was so 

I certainly was impressed with the idea 
that great dispatch muat have been made in 
fitting me out ; or else I was made involun- 
tarily to appropriate the wearing apparel and 
r trunk of some bona fide demoiselle, and as- 
sume her name and position. This latter 
suggestion would never have occurred to my 
mind, had I not a very vivid recollection of 
my journey into Secessia, the character I 
was made to assume, and my adventures at 
Magnolia Villa. 

But before satisfying myself on this point 
a wagon halted before the tent. I hastily 
locked the trunk, and was in readiness to 
leave just as the lieutenant appeared at the 
entrance of the tent. 

' Will you have your luggage go with you, 
or shall it remain with me subject to your 
order ? ' asked the officer. 

' If it will not inconvenience you, I prefer 
to have it go with us in the wagon,' I replied. 

' There was no stipulation made in regard 
tb luo;2;a2;e,' he resumed, ' and it can remain 
here if you desire it. But I should advise 
that it go with you, that is to say if it is all 
right ; for you know ladies travelling conven- 
iences are no more regarded in these times 
than those of any stranger of the other sex.' 

I fully agreed with him, and it was at 
once put aboard the vehicle. The officer 
then handed me into the carriage and got in 
beside me, while a Jehu, who had unmis- 
takably Celtic features, drove ofi" at a brisk 

' My companion, or escort, kept perfectly 
silent until we had passed the outer guard 
of the encampment. The roads begun to 

be shockingly bad, and we made but slow 

' Driver ! ' he sung out at length, ' I hope 
you are sure of the way 'i ' 

' Be jabers, it's not ihe rough roads that 
one forgets yer honor, but the smooth ones,' 
replied Pat. 

' Then you have been over this road be- 

* Yez, yer honor.' 
' Recently ? ' 

'This bHssid mornin', yer honor.' 

' How far is it to Gen. Grant's head- 
quarters ■? ' 

' If it was a smooth road, yer honor, it 
would be about five mile ; but, indade, it 
is a very rough one ; therefore it is about 
tin mile.' 

' That's good Irish logic, said the lieuten- 
ant, addressing me. 

* He's practically right, but theoretically 
wrong,' I, replied. 

' At this rate of travelling, I think we 
have a good two hours' journey before us, 
he further remarked. 

' I fear it will prove a tedious ride to you, 
sir,' said I. 

' Not in the least. I was only concerned 
on your account.' 

A long silence succeeded this last attempt 
at being conversational. At length he drew 
himself up, and said : , 

' Pardon me. Miss Clarke, but I wish to 
know how long you have resided in the be- 
leaguered city ? ' 

' A little more than three weeks, sir.* 

' Then you were inside the walls during 
the great bombardment last week ? ' 

* I was, indeed.' 

' You must have had a lively time ? ' 
' It was lively. ' 
' It must have been terrific ? ' 
' Horrible ! ' 

' The spectacle in the evening was mag- 
nificently sublime.' 
' Grand.' 
' The whole city appeared to be in flames? * 



'It did appear so,' 

' The whole canopy of heaven was blazhig 
with light ? ' 

'A fearful illumination.' 

* The thunders of our cannon caused the 
earth to quake.' 

' And our hearts quaked, too.' 

'With fear?' 

•With terror.' 

' But this war is a stem necessity.' 

' An awful calamity.' 

The convei"sation, which continued, was 
nearly after this pyrotechnic style. As it 
seemed to me, Lieut. ^ Kilham was either 
bent on pumping me in regard to the situa- 
tion of the rebels within the walls, or he 
took this method to break the ice for a more 
interesting tctc-a-tete. But he succeeded 
in neither, for I was determined to be as re- 
ticent on vital points to all who should at- 
tempt to quiz me — except the one great 
chief to whom I should unbosom myself — as 
that one prominent personage has the repu- 
tation of being with the politicians. 

For two long hours we were slowly drag- 
ged over stones and through deep ruts, until 
at lenu;th the beatino; of drums, and the 
sounds of a clarion, indicated to us that we 
were approaching a military encampment. 

Our Hibernian Jehu, encouraged by the 
cheerino; indications, began to belabor his 
jaded team until he forced them into a very 
respectable trot, and in the course of ten 
minutes after, we came to a halt before a 
large marquee which, from appearances, I 
judged to be that of the federal general com- 
mandins; the besiso-inK forces. 

My social escort alighted, and after po- 
litely escorting me from the vehicle, sent a 
request by an orderly for a few moments' 
conversation with the general-in-chief. 

Fortunately, at the time, the conquering 
hei'o had no other occupation than puffing a 
fiagrant Havana, whiph, however, he laid 
aside on being told there was a lady in the 

Lieutenant Kilham escorted me to his 

presence, introduced me, stating the circum- 
stances which brought me into the lines, and 
not being invited to tarry, he graciously re- 
tired, leaving me timidly confronting the 
man on whom our great hopes for the re- 
duction of Vicksburo; seemed to centre. 



I WAS alone in the presence of the great 
American general. 

' Be seated. Miss Clarke,' said he, as his 
rigid mouth relaxed for a few moments into 
a pleasant smile. ' I never permit a lady to 
stand in my presence whenever a three-leg- 
ged stool can be had ; ' and he politely 
placed at my disposal a portable camp-chair, 
the best looking one in his not too luxurious- 
ly furnished tent. 

Without any further preliminary remarks, 
he proceeded leisurely to examine my papers, 
which had been previously placed on his 
table. Having ^tisfied himself, as T su|> 
posed, he returned them into my hands, 
without volunteering any opinion as to their 

'I. trust that you find my pxsse^i and 
other papers sufficiently correct ? ' I remark- 
ed, enquiringly. 

' They appear to be,' he replied. 

' Here is the key to my trunk, wliich 
came with me, and which the lieutenant who 
escorted me hither informed me would prob- 
ably have to undergo an inspection.* 

' We are compelled to exercise extreme 
cautiousness,' said he, receiving the key. 

' When can T proceed on my journey, sir?' 
I asked. 

' To Lexington, Kentucky? It is a long 
journey,' he said, evading my direct ques- 
tion. 'Facilities for travelling, especially for 
a lady, are not good. In the course of two 
or three days I may be enabled to furnish 



you comfortable transportation, and perhaps 
an escort. ' 

Before I had an opportunity to express 
my thanks, he summoned an orderly, and 
bade him give his cpok orders to furnish a 
lunch for t»wo persons. Then turning to me, 
he said : 

'.Your luggage shall be examined immedi- 
ately by a trustworthy woman, to whose care 
I must commend you, until you can leave 
the camp. Excuse me — I will return di- 
rectly,' and he left me alone. 

I now had the opportunity of taking, with 
the aid of a pair of scissors, from their place 
of concealment, the condensed despatches 
and other papers which I had prepared at 
my private quarters in Vicksburg, for the 
information of the general in whose tent I 
was now seated. 

It was evident that he had not recognized 
me. The patch over my eye, which I hM 
not removed ; the style of my coiffure ; the 
dress which I wore, so different from the one 
he had last seen me in, together with other 
trifling changes, had made me appear as a 
stranger even to him. Indeed, had I been 
so disposed, I believe that I might have 
acted the confederate spy successfully ; but 
as I had no inclining that way, it was best 
to undeceive him without loss of time. 

• The ' reticent ' man soon returned, and 
as he came in, his eye lingered upon me for 
some moments, and then he resumed his 
seat without uttering a syllable. He ap- 
peared to be in deep thought ; but whatever 
might have been the subject he was consid- 
ering, I quickly changed the current of his 
cogitations, by placing before him the papers 
I have spoken of. 

He glanced his eye hastily and eagerly 
over them, and then looking up into my face, 
he asked : 

' My dear young - lady, how came these 
ptipers in your possession ? ' 

' I brought them from Vicksburg.' 

' Then you know their author 1 ' 

' As well as I know myself.* 

' She is a friend of yours?*' 

* An intimate one,' 

' I hope she is well ? ' 

' In perfect health.' 

' And enjoying her freedom ? * 

' As well as any one can enjoy it in a be- 
sieged city, under martial law. ' 

' This intelligence, my dear IMiss Clarke, 
gives me great joy. I feared something 
serious had befallen the person from whom 
these papers came. In truth, I have been 
thinking of her almost every moment since 
you entered my quarters.' 

' Perhaps I remind you of her, general. 
It is said that we very nearly resemble each 

' Ah ! that is it ; you do remind me of 
that remarkable young lady ; and it is a 
compliment to any young lady to be told so.' 

At this remark I burst into a merry 
laugh ; pulled the unseemly patch from my 
eye, and exclaimed : 

' I will masquerade no longer ! Don't 
you know La Vivandiere, general ? ' 

He started up as if he had received an 
electric shock ; and if his sense of propriety 
had not forbidden it, I am sure he would 
have embraced me with as much ardor and 
joy as if I had been his own daughter. 

' Well, well. Miss Virginia — ^you have 
played it handsomely on U. S. Gr.; and the 
woman who can deceive him may pull the 
wool over the eyes of Old Nick himself.' 

' I have pulled it completely over the eyee 
of your great antagonist in yonder citadel, 

' Then you have come in contact with him?' 

' Not only that, but I succeeded in get- 
ting that position on his staff, with the rank 
of lieutenant ; and I am now within your 
lines by his sanction and authority.' 

' I cannot quite understand that.' 

' I am a rebel spy, under rebel authority ! ' 

* Impossible ! ' 

* Here are my certificates in cipher, and 
here is the key which will enable you to read 
them ; and by the same key you may peruse 



the general's instructions which have been 
given nic for my guidance ; ' and I gave him 
a small packet of papers which I had re- 
ceived at rebel headquarters. 

' I will read them at my leisure,' said he ;' 
' meanwhile I am anxious to learn the state 
of afiairs within the city if you are not too 
much fatigued.' 

' Pardon me, general, if my anxiety for 
my friends leads me first to enquire after 
their health.' 

' I know of but two for whom you seemed 
to entertain a special regard at the time you 
left. They arc both well and in good spir- 
its, for I saw them this morning ; and if it 
is any sati.^^ fact ion to you, I will inform you 
that I never come in contact with eitlier of 
them without being obhged to answer a 
whole volley of questions concerning you. 
13ut you may see them yoiirself, and afford 
them the great relief they seem to crave.' 

' Nay, general, I must not see them yet.' 

' Not see them ? ' 

' Not until my mission is fulfilled.' 

' Your mission has already been fraught 
with gi-eater success tlian my most sanguine 
expectations had led me to believe was pos- 

' I shall not consider my duty as a federal 
spy complete until Vicksburg falls into your 
hands.' . 

' What ! you do not propose to return to 
the city '? ' 

' ]Most decidedly, general.' 

' And you have the courage so to do ? ' 

• I tiTist that I have.' 

• Even after all that has taken place ? ' 
' I have counted the cost. ' 

' But I fear you have not considered the 
hazard of re-pa.ssing their lines.' 

' There is not that hazard which you im- 
agine, general,' said I, spiritedly. ' Am. I 
not a confederate spy ? and when I have 
piissed your pickets will I not be received 
by the enemy's general almost as the ex- 
pected deliverer of the city ? ' 

' Ah ! Then you propose to keep up the 
character of a confeder-xte i-pyV ' 

' Only with your full appn)l>ation, gener; 1 
My plan is, that I shall ))e ku( w:i and re- 
cognized here only in my prt-.^cut incognita ; 
and that I shall be detained in your camp 
for some two or three day , as you .shall de- 
termine. Then, I desire tli:;t you shall make 
it known to one of your subalterns that you 
have very reluctantly decided, for pruden- 
tial reasons, not to permit me to resume my 
proposed journey northward, and send me 
back under a flag of truce as a suspicious 
character. ' 

' In that case I shall be compelled to con- 
sider you in the light of a piisoner, instead 
of allowing you the freedom of the camp.' 

' Precisely the suggestion I intended to 
have made. You will now understand why 
it is that I would forego the unspeakable 
pleasure of meeting with those who are so 
dear to me.' 

' Your proposition is so startling that T 
must not decide too hastily. I must consid- 
er, after you have opened your budget of 
rebel information, what course will be advis- 
able. I admit that your plan is plausible ; 
and that your skill in strategy might puzzle 
older heads than mine ; but it mr.y yet o|>- 
pear that it will not further advance our 
cause to allow you to run the risk of plac- 
ing yourself again within the jaws of the 
rebel monster.' 

Our conversation was here interrupted by 
the entrance of a pnir of contraband ."-er- 
vants witli the luncheon which the general 
ha'l ordered, and after spreading it upon the 
tabic t'.iey retired. 

'I have decided,' said the general, as 
soon as we were again alone, ' that you shall 
be my table guest while in camp ; and your 
quarters at night shall be with some discreet 
woman, whom I will select to look after 
your safety and comfort. Will this arrangi'- 
ment be agreeable ? ' 

' Perfectly,' I replied, and thanked him 
for his kindness. 



He then bade me 1)6 seated at the table, 
and parta'ce of the inviting refreshments 
which had bsen prepared. As I had eaten 
nothing since early in the morning, and then 
fiparingly, of course I did not hesitate to 
comply with his request. The cold chicken, 
sandwiches, biscuit, and a delicious cup of 
coffee, partaken of freely, soon satisfied my 
somewhat voracious appetite. In this gas- 
tronomic exercise I think the general will 
bear testimony that I did full justice to the 
edibles, and fully vied with my host, who is 
considered a good trencher man. 

The servants were again summoned, and 
without making any observation, or casting 
any curious glances at my humble self, 
cleared the table, and bore away the frag- 
ments, dishes, &c. This I regarded as an 
evidence of the discipline exercised at the 
head-quarters of the commanding general. 

* I must now learn the business in hand 
for the afternoon,' said he, as he rung a 
small bell before him. 

An orderly appeared. 

' Ascertain of my chief-of-staff if there is 
any business requiring my attention for the 
next hour,' he ordered. 

The orderly soon returned, and said there 
were two corps generals, a brigadier, and a 
Burgeon-geueral, who solicited brief inter- 

I was politely requested to retire into a 
side compartment of the marquee, until he 
could give audience to the gentlemen in 

' Unless their business is pressing and im- 
portant, a few minutes will suffice to des- 
patch them ; for I am almost impatient to 
learn the information you possess,' he added, 
as he showed me into a small room of his 
tent, separated from the central or reception 
apartment by a couple of American flags, 
which served as hanging curtains. 

Here I had an opportunity to re-arrange 
niy toilet, more for the purpose of making 
my disguise more perfect, than to add to my 
comeliness ; for it was possible that I might 

come in contact with persons that I knew, 
whose keen and curious eyes might pene- 
trate the garb wliich I wore. 

Loss than hale an hour elapBsd, when I 
was summoned to the audience room. The 
last of his visitors bad just gone; and it 
was evident that whatever communication 
he had made, the general was deeply affect- 
ed thereby. 

' I am sorely troubled, Virginia,' said he, 
taking my hand, and leading m3 to a camp- 
chair. ' Be seated. The surgeon general 
has just been here, and brought me the sad 

intelligence that Colonel B , a personal 

friend of mine, — and a braver officer never 
drew sword, — has received a severe wound 
in the le"; from the fragment of a shell, and 

Doctor is of the opinion that the limb 

must be amputated. But the doctor is 
skillful, and it anything can be done for my 
unfortunate friend, he will do it. By-the-by 
Dr. is a friend of yours, I believe?' 

' I have great reason, at least, to be a 
friend of his ; but I imagine that he cannot 
be a very devoted friend of anybody,' I 

' He certainly is very reserved in his con- 
versation and manners. But I like him, 
nevertheless ; for he is not only the most 
skillful surgeon in the army, but he js so 
kind and devoted to all his patients, that 
one cannot help almost loving the man.' 

' I owe him a deep debt of gratitude, cer- 
tainly, for his care of Harry Robeson, after 
the battle of Shiloh, and hope to repay him 
someday,' I remarked. 

' I have done all that lies in my power for 
him ; and he to-day holds the highest medi- 
cal appointment that is in my province to 
bestow,' said the general. 

I was pleased to hear my host speak thus 
of the doctor's promotion, as he could only 
have gained it by meritoriotfs conduct and 
skill ; for he, in fact, was troubled with too 
much diffidence to strive to push himself 
forward in the great press for honor and 
emolument. Sometimes I had thought that 



he was actually stupid, or that he was fre- 
quently afflicted witli that peculiar disease 
known as ' brown study.' Indeed, he some- 
times did not appear to observe anybody or 
anything, unless it was a ghastly sabre cut, a 
bullet hole in the body, a mangled limb, or 
a cracked skull ; then no man's skill or kind- 
ness ever shone more brightly. I think he 
said more on his first visit to Harry Robeson 
than he said during his score or more or visits 

'He is a man of very few words,' I re- 
marked to the general, who seemed himself 
to be greatly embarrassed about something. 
' Very — very, was the reply, and he gazed 
intently upon a cigar-holder filled with fra- 
grant Havanas, I have no doubt ; and even 
went so fixr as to take one out and hold it to 
his nose with as much satisfaction as if it 
possessed the concentrated odors of all the 
spices of Arabia. 

' I almost wonder, general, that you do 
not smoke,' I ventured to remark, sugges- 
tively. ' It seemed that you always had a 
cigar in your mouth at Shiloh.' 

' What ! smoke in the presence of a lady?' 
he ejaculated. ' No ; I am not really so ill- 
bred as that. Begin your story, and I may 
forget all about the weed.' 

' But I shall insist upon your smoking,' 
said I, taking a match, igniting it, and hand- 
ing it to him. ' The smoke of a good cigar 
is highly agreeable to me.' 

' Not offensive — not in the slightest de- 
gree ? ' 

' Just the reverse, general, I do assure,, 

' Then I will smoke ; and when you think 
there's quite enough. of the fumes of tobacco 
in the tent, remind me, if you please. Now 
proceed with your narrative, and let me have 
all the important particulars from the time 
of your leaving camp until you most unex- 
pcctly appeared here to-day.' 

I began my narrative as I began it to you, 
and related it substantially as I have related 
it to you, omitting only some long colloquial 

passages which I have given to add a bit of 
humor to my narrative, and some scenes 
which could possess but little interest to him, 
because wholly outside of the purposes of 
my mission. 

For an hour and a half, at least, I con- 
tinued to describe that which you already 
know, without a single inteiTuption from my 
attentive listener ; and the only manifesta- 
tions that he made when I related anything 
of unusual or startling interest, consisted in 
either sending out from his mouth more fre- 
quent volumes of smoke, or blowing the 
curls and rings that he constantly made, 
farther upward. When the narrative seemed 
to flag, or lack vitality, he would gently 
brush off the accumulation of white ashes 
from the burninnr weed, or gaze at it, as he 
occasionally held it, delicately and gracefully, 
between his thumb and dexter finger. 

I did not keep any account of the many 
cigars he consumed into smoke and ashea 
during my narration, but I observed quite a 
diminution of the number from the cigar- 
case when I had concluded. 

' So you perceive, general, said I, ' that I 
have not been without adventure during my 
sojourn in Secessia.' 

' I should judge not,' he replied. * Why, 
it's a romance from beginning to end ; and 
if I had read what I have heard, I should 
say that Baron Munchausen had turned up 

' Call it romance, or what you will, gen- 
eral, it is not fiction,' I replied. 

' Oh, think not that I am so incredulous 
as not to believe the truth of what you've 
uttered ; for no person could have invented 
such a story.' 

' And now to convince you, general, that 
I have not been idle, read the papers that I 
have placed in your hands, and examine the 
drawings that accompany them.' 

This he proceeded to do, and with my as- 
sistance in giving explanations, and assisting 
him to read the ciphers, he soon mastered 
the documents. 



' These papers contain information of the 
utmost importance,' said he, after a thorough 
perusal and examination. ' Their vahie can- 
not be over-estimated. You have done for 
tlie country a great, a very great service. 
To-night I must call a council of my gener- 
als. They will be astonished to find me in 
possession of information that they have all 
supposed was unattainable.' 

'But will they not also be curious to 
know how it came into your possession,' I 

* Have no apprehensions on that point. 
Tf U. S. Gr. determines not to gratify them 
tlijy know him too well to attempt to get 
8t his secret. They must be satisfied of the 
fact that the information I am in possession 
of will hasten the fall of Vicksburg by sixty 
days at least. Such service shall be well 

' If my erratic efforts have proved so val- 
uable, I am amply repaid in the glorious 
satisfaction I shall feel in having done my 
part in assisting to bring this fratricidal war 
to an end.' 

' Few there are who hazard their lives for 
so small a recompense. The meanest sub- 
altern in the army is better paid than that.' 
Our interview was here brought to a close 
by another demand for the great commander, 
contained in a note which an orderly brought 
in and placed in his hands, which, after pe- 
rusing, he consulted his watch, and said : 

' It is now half-past four ; we dine at five ; 
I will be back at that time. Meanwhile, 
those few books, autographs, etc., upon the 
bide table may serve to interest you.' 

He lighted a fresh cigar, gazing in the 
meantime upon me with a curious but com- 
placent expression, and then retired. 

I examined the titles of the books, looked 
over the autographs of generals and admi- 
rals, brigadiers and commodores, colonels 
and captains, and a few distinguished civil- 
ians, and a group, consisting of a lady ma- 
tron, with two or three children, which, I 

doubted not, were a part, or the whole, of 
the general's family. 

But the pictures which most interested me 
bore the striking likeness of yourself, Harry 
Robeson, and our good surgeon. Then, to 
my no little surprise, there was a very gowl 
photograph of myself, one which had been 
taken at least three years before, but cer- 
tainly bore little resemblance to the person 
who looked at it, in her new character of 
' Stella Clarke, the confederate spy.' 

It puzzled me not a little to think how it 
was possible that this picture should have 
come into the possession of the general;; 
for the half dozen that had been taken from 
this particular negative I had given to my- 
dear friends at home, not even reserving one- 
for myself. However, it was in suoh dii^- 
tinguished company I did not care to dis- 
turb it, and dismissed the thought from my, 

Hearmg now the strains of martial music 
from without, I could not repress a curiosity 
to see what the occasion was. An aperture 
in the canvas served me, and by standing 
in a chair I had an uninterrupted view of a 
large, though rough plain. Standing withia 
twenty paces of the tent, were a group erf" 
officers, consisting of the general and his 
staff, and one or two corps or division com- 

At a distance of perhaps a hundred and 
fifty yards I beheld the van of a column of 
troops approaching, — the band playing that 
dear old national air, the Star Spangled 
Banner. It was a joy to hear its familiar, 
inspiriting strains again, after having my 
ears so long agonized with ' Dixie * and 
other insipid airs, which were used to ani- 
mate the souls of the Southern chivalry. 

Onward came the column, advancing 
steadily and majestically, — cavalry, artilleiy 
and infantry,— with tattered ensigns waving 
proudly atove their heads, with clarions 
sounding and drums beating, as if it were 
already a contiuering army approaching to 
do homage to their chief. 



It was, as I learned afterwards, but a 
single division of the grand army changing 
their position, and making it convenient to 
pass the genend's headquarters en route, and 
give him the accustomed salute. 

From my narrow aperture I glanced at 
each ofilcer and each platoon as they wheel- 
ed in fiont of the chief and his staif; but 
that which attracted my most earnest atten- 
tion was the regiment whicli led the infantry. 

jMounteJ on a magnificent was 
yourself, looldng as proudly and dignifiedly 
as the steed which bore you ; and without 
flattering you in the least, I must say that 
you looked the very personification of a fight- 
ing colonel ; and when you saluted the gen- 
eral and iiis staff, you did it so gracefully 
that I felt a pride rising within me that I 
had the honor of your acquaintance and 
your confidence. 

And it was not by any means the least of 
my gratification to observe, riding directly 
in the rear of you, my dear little friend, 
Harry Robeson, loooking the very picture 
of health." 

" Yes, little Harry is now my confidential 
clerk," remarked I, at this point in her nar- 
rative. "I found that his acquirements 
were such as warranted me in giving him a 
much better position than that of drammer- 

" You did right, colonel, for Harry is as" 
well-bred and well-educated a boy as I hap- 
pen to know, and I thank you for promotinf^ 

"I have been thinking, Virginia," said 
I, ' ' what would have been my feelings had 
I known that your eyes were peering upon 
that highly flattered individual, ray humble 
self, when we passed in review? " 

" I suppose you would have thought that 
woman's curiosity knew no bounds." 

' ' I should have felt like committing a very 
great breach of military discipline in the face 
and eyes of the general himself. My first 
impulse would have been to leave the col- 
umn, dismount, and rush into his marquee 

without so much as saying, ' By your leave 
sir.' " 

"And for that, colonel, you would deserve 
to be cashiered, at least. And what wo>ild 
have been your second impulse? " 

" My second? Why, before I could have 
had a second my iudgment would have come 
to the rescue, and saved me from makinc a donkey of myself" 

" How fortunate, then,, that my presence 
there was unknown." 

"As matters have transpired it is so; 
but, Virginia, anxious as I am to hear the 
results of this last adventure, I think it had 
best be postponed until to-morrow evening, 
for I perceive that your voice is gettin"' 
husky, and you really look fatigued." 

" As you will, colonel. To-morrow even- 
ing I shall, without doubt, conclude my ex- 
perience both as a federal and confederate 






On the subsequent evening, our small 
but interesting military family re-a.sserabled, 
when Virginia Graham, " La A'ivandiere" — 
alias Marietta Marland, alias George Tem- 
ple, alias Stella Clarke, — resumed her nar- 
rative as follows : 

" During the passing in review of the in- 
fantry brigade of the division to which I 
have alluded, before the general and his staff, 
my eyes fell upon the redoubtable Major 
Jenefer; and, as if he were aware that 
there were at least one pair of female 
eyes fixed upon him, he straightened up his 
awkward figure, and attempted to sit grace- 
fully upon the tall, raw-boned rozinante 
which bore him, and which did not seem in 
any degree proud of his obese burden. His 
eyes seemed bent directly on the aperture of 
the marquee, through which I was looking. 




It was the first pair of human eyes that I 
thought had caught sight of mine, and I in- 
stinctively drew back, as if in that gaze he 
had recognized one he had before seen. 

Whether real or imaginary, I could not 
repress for some minutes an unpleasant sen- 
sation which crept over me. I had conceiv- 
ed a perfect abhorrence of this man j for his 
countenance indicated coarseness, heartless- 
ness, even brutality ; and the idea that such 
a character possessed more than ordinary 
j)0wers of penetration, really pained me. 
However, I soon recovered from the shock ; 
and for a time thought no more of the major 
and the incident. 

The rear of the column at length passed 
by, and the general rejoined me, in company 
wiih his chief of staif, to whom he introduced 
me as 'Miss Clarke,' and spoke causally of 
my having come from within the enemy's 
lines that morning. This officer — a very 
gentlemanly appearing and thoughtful man, 
- — addressed to me a few common-place re- 
marks, and then, excusing himself, sat down 
to read several documents which the general 
placed in his hands. 

Meanwhile servants appeared, and soon 
spread upon the table a more substantial 
meal than that which the general and my- 
self had partaken of in the earlier part of the 
day. Plates were laid for three, and we 
were soon seated at the table, all discussing 
the edibles and bibibles, interspersed with a 
discussion by the two officers, in regard to 
the general appearance and probable effect- 
iveness of the division that had passed in 
review ; and it gave me no little pleasure 
to hear an emphatically expressed opinion of 
the chief of staff, coincided in by the gene- 
ral, that Col. Manley's regiment deserved 
higher commendation than any other in the 
whole division. 

The general gazed at me for a moment, 
and then said, enquiringly, — 

'I presume. Miss Clarke, that you did 
not take much interest in gazing upon a 
body of Union soldiers 1 ' 

' I assure you, general, that I did not let 
them pass unobserved,' I replied; at the 
same time, casting a glance at the aperture 
in the canvas, made expressly for a lookout. 

' Then we would like your oppinion as to 
which regiment deserves the greatest need 
of praise ? ' querried the general, quizzically. 

' The first regiment of the infantry brig- 
ade,' I replied without hesitation. 

' That was acting Col. Manley's, if I mis- 
take not,' said the staff-officer. ' So you 
perceive, general, that we cannot be mistaken 
in our judgments when so readily confirmed 
by a lady.' 

. ' But how far one from across the lines 
can judge of Yankee soldiery impartially may 
be questionable,' said the general, fixing his 
eyes upon me with a peculiar expression. 
' I ask "pardon for making the suggestion, 
Miss Clarke, but it does not appear to me 
that it is not quite natural that you should 
have shaken off all prejudice.' 

' But, general, I made no comparison be- 
tween federal and confederate troops,' said I, 
spiritedly. I was not called upon to do that. ' 

' True, true ; but the idea was uppermost 
in your mind, was it not ?' said he good na- 
turedly and half-jocularly. 

' If it were, I assure you that the confed- 
erate troops, in regard to discipline and cour- 
age, are not to be despised,' was my reply, 
as if he desired me to commit myself, as in- 
clining slightly to the rebel cause, for the pur- 
pose of hoodwinking his staff-officer ; and if 
that was his purpose, I was resolved to grat- 
ify him. 

' Far be it from me to underrate their 
prowess or fighting qualities,' he resumed; 
' nevertheless, we mean that they shall have 
no more important victories to exult over. 
Our troops now may be regarded as veterans. 
We have felt the enemy's strong points, and 
know how to deal with them. In war, as in 
law, there is nothing like appreciating the 
full strength of our adversaries.' 

' And yet you seem less sanguine of suc- 
cess than the confederates,' I remarked. 



' They will not even admit that there is a 
possibility of failure. You may succeed in 
the reduction of Vicksburg, and hem them 
in much more closely than they are now ; 
and yet they declare and feel that it will 
only make them less easy of conquest, for 
it will be the means of concentrating their 
widely scattered forces, and enable them to 
strike more heavy blows than ever. And 
to my mind there is some sense in this, for 
there will be fewer points for them to defend. 

'And fewer for us to assail,' replied the 
general ; ' besides, by losing their great 
outward strongholds, they lose their means, 
in a great degree, of supplying themselves 
with subsistence and munitions of war. ' 

' Then they will fight all the more desper- 
ately to capture them from you,' I suggested. 

' When an army is reduced to that condi- 
tion that it has to fight desperately, woe be 
to it ! Desperation only precedes inevitable 
destruction. And I am more than half in- 
clined to believe that is just the condition 
of Pemberton's forces inside the defences of 
yonder doomed city.' 

' You would not think so if you could 
hear their generals talk, and could witness 
the activity of the troops.' 

' I have no doubt we keep them in a very 
lively condition most of the time ; they won't 
languish from ennityee -while this siege lasts,' 
said the general, facetiously. 

' If you allude to the shells which are so 
frequently thrown into the city, general, and 
could witness the panic they produce among 
women and children, you would not consider 
it a matter for joking.' 

' I imagine they produce a greater panic 
among those who bear arms. But I per- 
ceive. Miss Clarke, that you entertain too 
much regard and sympathy for our enemies 
to dwell among us. I am apprehensive that 
your loyalty is greater for the " bars" than 
for the " stripes." In that case it will be 
my duty to send you back to rebeldom.' 

' I shall feel it to be no disgrace,' I re- 

plied, assuming an indignation which I of 
course did not feel. 

' What say you, colonel ? Is it the part of 
prudence to permit such an intelligent spec- 
imen of dimity, fresh from our foes, to go 
at large within our lines ? How do we know 
that she was not sent here to gather infor- 
mation to carry back whenever an opportu- 
nity may present itself? ' 

' We certainly cannot be too cautious,' 
replied the staff-oflScer, who had been in- 
tently listening to our conversation, at the 
.same time keeping his great black eyes ti.xcd 
upon me as if I were a rebel wonder. 

' Send me back ! send me back ! ' said I, 
with as angry a look as I thought best to 
assume. ' It will be far more agreeable f<>r 
me to dwell with those who are not so cau- 
tious as to suspect a helpless woman of being 
a spy.* 

' Be not angry,' said the general ; ' I 
meant no offence ; you must consider that a 
commanding officer's duties are inexorable, 
whether they are in accordance with his 
wishes or not. My purpose is to show you 
every civility consistent with safety, and if 
after to-morrow I decide to permit you to 
go north, or to send you back whence you 
came, I trust that you will regard it as tlie 
act of the general and not the man.' 

I made no reply to this, but sat apparent- 
ly in sullen silence for a few moments, whon 
the general and the staff-officer arose and 
left the tent together. 

The latter gave no further expression of 
opinion than that which I have mentioned ; 
but I could judge from his looks that he 
thought the general had reasons for suspi- 
cion, and that he undoubtedly entertained 
the same opinion. 

They had not been absent more than fif- 
teen minutes, when the general returned, 
followed by a middle-aged woman, who was 
introduced to me as the person to whom I 
must look for sleeping quarters during my 
stay in camp. I was immediately conducted 
by her to a small dwelling-house, within a 



hundred yards of headquarters, and which 
was exclusively occupied by those of ray own 
sex — women who did washing, mending, and 
other necessary work for the officers of the 
commanding general and his staff. 

On entering the house I was introduced 
to a coarse-featured woman, somewhat young- 
er than the one who conducted me thither, 
and who appeared to be ' second in command * 
of this laundry and tailoring establishment, 
— for be it known that there were as many 
grades of rank in this establishment as in a 
fully officered military company, and each 
officer was as exacting in commanding respect 
from an infferior as in any military organiza- 

This coarse-featured woman, I noticed, 
had a coarse-toned voice, and her manners 
seemed decidedly vulgar when compared 
with her superior in the laundry and patch- 
ing business. 

This woman, I thought, eyed me very cu- 
riously after I was introduced as a lady 
from Vicksburg, who desired to go north, 
and who would remain in camp for a day or 
two. And during some thirty minutes after 
I had seated myself, I did not observe that 
she had once withdrawn her gaze from me. 

Finally, I asked the privilege of retiring, 
when this woman volunteered to show me to 
the apartment — the best in the house — 
which had been assigned to me. It was a 
small room, neat and clean, with a comfort- 
able looking cot occupj'ing perhaps one third 
of it. 

' This is the best room in this yeer house, 
an' it's kep only for sich ladies as is sent 
hyar from headquarters,' said she, as she 
very familiarly seated herself in one of the 
two chairs in the room. 

' I feel thankful that I am to be so well 
lodged,' I replied ; ' for I have much need 
of immediate rest and sleep.' 

' La, me, you needn't mind me,' said she, 
understanding my hint ; ' I wanter hev a 
little chat with you 'bout Vicksburg, wile 
yore undressin'. I lived thar once myself, 

— hev a brother thar now — don't know as 
he's a rebel or not. Do you know him ? — 
his name's Calhoun Peckerson.' 

' I never heard the name before in my life,' 
I replied emphatically, with the hope of dis- 
couraging her inquiries. 

' Then you couldn't hev alus lived thar, 
I kinder reckon.' 


' I hyar that the people over thar ar in a 
desperate strait. An' I reckon they'll fare 
worser 'fore they fare better. Dyin' at a 
rapid rate, I hyar, from starvation; now 
you've had an op'tunity ter know ? ' she said 
with an enquiring glance. 

' I have not had that opportunity,' said I, 
emphasizing each word. 

' Beg pardon, young lady. Reckon yer 
don't wanter let on 'bout rebel 'fairs. But, 
la ! you needn't mind me ; I never tell 
nothin that's told me. I can be mum's 'n 
iron post. I ony wanter talk while yer un- 
dressin' ; then I'll leave yer ter the embrace 
of Morphiss an' pleasant dreams.' 

But I had no idea of disrobing myself in 
her presence, and took no heed of her last 

' I ax pardon, young lady ; but I do so 
wanter hyar some news from the city. Oh, 
dear ! heigho ! I wished this blamed war was 
over. I shouldn't keer much which side 
gets whipped, if peace only'll come agin.' 

' It appears that you haven't much patriot- 
ic ardor,' said I, scarcely knowing to what 
her persistent talk tended. 

• Not enough to buy a box of yaller snuff. ' 

* And do you dare to talk so among the 
federals ? ' 

' Beckon not. I've said enough ter you 
to be 'rested fer treason ; but I know you 
come from 'tother side, and wouldn't repeat 
a word I said to yer for the world ' 

' You are not sure of that, are you ? ' 

' La, yes ; you hevn't ben over 'tother 
side o' the lines without feelin' a lettle sym- 
pathy for 'em ; now hev yer '? ' 

' Well, I confess to a certain degree of 




compassion for the rebels,' I replied, think- 
ing that if I had discovered a traitorous 
woman she should be exposed. ' But as I 
am now with their enemies, I suppose I 
must either remain silent or talk against the 

'I reckon that ar's my case tea dot,' said 
she, a.ssuredly ; ' and I hope never to go to 
to Vicksburg if I can't go thar without fol- 
lerin' in the wake of this yeer northern 
army ; for I'm a reel Southern woman, an' 
hev alus ben waited 'pon by niggers, an' now 
I hev to wait on these yeer yankees, who 
strut about with their blue coats an' brass 
buttons an' gold shoulder-straps, as though 
they'd alus worn 'em. An' thar's that tobac- 
cer-smokin' gin'ral, who sets under that tree 
yender, from mornin' to night, talkin' with 
oflScers, givin' orders, and smokin' all the 
time. Now, a real general, a gentleman 
general, should be more dignified, and stand 
on his rank, an' not set thar lookin' more like 
a hostler or woodchopper than the chief of 
this yeer great army. But la I you won't let 
on any o' this yeer conversation ; for if you 
do, like's not it'll hang us both. 

' If you are so disgusted with these Yan- 
kees, why don't you gain permission to be 
sent across the lines ?' I questioned. 

' Ah ! my young lady, you've got me 
thar. That's what I can't explain to no 
human being about hyar — not even to you. 
I wish I could — then you wouldn't, perhaps, 
be so shy on me. I aint a dangerous cretur ; 
and I know what's right as easy as I know 
what's wrong.' 

' How do you know but there is some 
eaves-dropper' listening to us now ? — There 
appear to be cracks and crannies, key-holes 
and rat-holes in this house, which mio;ht 
convey our words to some distance.' 

' La me ! thar's no danger. Except the 
old woman, — an' she's partly hard o' hear- 
ing' — there aint another in the house who 
cares a fig about either side,' was her reply. 

Concluding that I had heard quite enough 
from this coarse, repulsive, and probably trai- 

torous woman, I gave her another broad hint 
that I de.siied to retire to bed, and that she 
would gratify me by leaving the room with- 
out further uiging. 

' La me ! I'll go if yer 'sist on't,' slie 
replied, ' thougli I had hopes that we jnight 
hev sympathy enough atween us to be willin' 
to pour out to each other the feelin's of our 
bosoms, seciu' as both of us hev lived in 

' I am too much fatigued to-niglit for con- 
versation, even if I were disposed to confide 
in a stranger. I must know more of you 
before I can speak freely my sentiments. 
Perhaps a more favorable opportunity may 
offer, when you can give me proofs tliat you 
have not been trying to deceive me in order 
to draw from me sentiments that might lead 
to my great injury.' 

' I hope so,' said she, rising ; ' but neither 
on us haint said nothin' to-night that one 
could make any thing of, hev we? At any 
rate, we agree not to say nothin ? ' 

' I agree to that,' said I construing, how- 
ever, the latter sentence of her speech liter- 
ally. ' So good night, madanie.' 

' Good night, my young lady. Sorry yer 
so modest as to be afeered to go to bed afore, 
me. Lord knows what might happen if there 
was a man in the case. ' 

With these words she retreated through 
the door and closed it after her ; and I took 
the caution to bolt it on the inside, and to 
look around to see if there was any other 
ingress to the room except by a ladder 
through the windows; and I took pains to 
see that these were securely fastened. 

I confess, I cannot tell precisely why, 
that I had a horrid suspicion of this woman; 
and I determined if another morning dawn- 
ed upon me, to say at least enough to the 
general to cause him to be as suspicious as 
I was myself. 

Before I blew out my light, previous to 
lying down, I examined my revolver to see 
if it was in perfect condition for any emer- 
gency, and placed it under my pillow. It 



was not the first time that I had slept with 
war material enough beneath my pillow to 
cause the quietus of at least six persons if 
skillfully handled. 

My thoughts were too busy of this strange 
woman to drop to sleep very readily. Strive 
as I would to dismiss her from ray thoughts 
by attempting to concentrate them upon 
other and more exciting topics, she would 
quickly intrude herself and remain upper- 

At length, however, I persuaded myself 
to sleep ; and then I was visited by visions 
of a most startling nature. Thrice I awoke 
at the denouement of some terrible scene, in 
which this woman each time was the princi- 
pal actor. And at one of these waking in- 
tervals, my mind was so excited that it con- 
jured up her apparition before me in such a 
palpable form, that I clutched the weapon 
of death beneath my pillow. And at another 
I imagined I heard her hateful step approach- 
ing the door and then striving to open it. 

I, however, persuaded myself into the 
fullest belief that I need entertain no appre- 
hension from her ; that neither she nor her 
apparition were prowling about in the dead 
hours of that night. 

Towards morning I fell into a profound 
slumber — so profound that the morning gun, 
fired within a few yards of my window ; nor 
the beating of tattoo ; nor the bustle incident 
of turning out of the soldiers of a whole di- 
vision ; nor the dress parades, with bands 
playing served to awake me. And when I 
did awake, the sun had been four hours in 
the heavens. 

I arose immediately, and after my ablu- 
tion and attiring myself, I felt quite refresh- 
ed, and unbolted the door, to go immediate- 
ly to the general's headquarters for break- 

The first person I confronted on opening 
the door of my room was my real visitor of 
the evening, and my imaginary visitor dur- 
ing the hours of the night. 

' Good morniu',' she saluted. ' Yer must 

hev been fiitigued, fact, ter sleep so long. 
Why, I've been up and drcot these three 
hours or more. Hope yer slep well, and 
bed pleasant dreams, too. Wot's yer hurry ? 
I'm goin' ter make up yer bed now, and 
kind o' put things ter rights hyar. Don't 
you feel in the mood for a little talk this 
mornin' ? ' 

' Not until I have had my breakfast,' I 

* La, yes ; I forgot you hadn't hed any 
breakfast. Mess with the general, I hyar. 
Good place over thar to pick up scraps o' 
information. Lives well, too. I'd like to 
mess there 'casionally, myself; but he's too 
stuck up for sich as me ; but I hev seen the 
clay, and hope to see it agin, when I could 
look down on him. He's no great shucks, 
any way, 'cordin' to my idee. Come back 
ao-in when yer've got your rations. I do so 
want ter hev a reel good, downright chat 
with yer. Keep your eyes peeled when yer 
over thar, and yer ears wide open, and pre- 
haps ye'll hear somethin' vallyble. Come 
back, won't yer?' 

' I cannot promise, for you must, know 
that I am but little better than a prisoner in 
this camp,' I replied. 

' Then make good use o' the fac'lties na- 
ter has gin you — ' 

I tarried to hear no more, for while the- 
woman talked I took pains to scrutinize her 
more closely. A hitherto vague suspicion 
of one point in regard to her had become a 
little more definite ; so much so that an ir- 
repressible curiosity impelled me to find out ; 
and the way to do that was through the 

On reaching the marquee I found him- 
eno-aced in giving orders to several aid-de- 
camps who stood about him, and who, one. 
by one, were soon dismissed from his pres- 

' And now, Virginia, my treasure, the^ 
army's treasure, the country's treasure, we 
can take our breakfast undisturbed,' said 
he, in uncommonly fine spirits, as he rang 



the bell for servants to bring in his morn- 
ing's repast. 

' You appear to be in a flattering mood, 
general, this morning.' 

* By Jove ! I have reasons to be. Every- 
thing is working well, inasmuch as we are 
drawing the cordon more closely around the 
monster's neck eveiy hour — we'll strangle 
it soon. Thanks for your services, Virginia. 
By-the-by, how did you rest among our 
laundry people last night ? ' 

' A portion of the night I rested well.' 

' You were treated with due consideration 
over there, I trust.' 

' Passably well,' I replied. 

' Passably well ? That's not according to 
my instructions. Madame is a faith- 
ful woman, and I presume all her subordi- 
nates are equally so.' 

' Do you know her chief assistant ? ' 

' What, that woman with coarse features, 
coarse voice, and rather a masculine look ? ' 

' The same.' 

•What of her?' 

' My word for it — she's not to be trusted.' 

* Indeed ! and what are your inferences ? ' 
' That she is a thorough rebel.' 

' And if a rebel, she must be something 
more, or she would not be an employee so 
near my quarters.' 

' To be plain, general, I have strong sus- 
picions that she is a rebel spy ! ' 

' By the great shield of Mars ! I'll have 
her arrested and all her effects seized within 
an hour.' 

' It will not be needful for me to appear 
against her, I trust ? ' 

' By no means. If she is guilty it can 
be established without your testimony. ' 

' And if innocent I should not like to 
sleep under the same roof with her again ; 
because, of course, she will regard me as the 
person having informed against her.' 

'I will see to that matter personally.' 

The servants having now appeared with 
quite a sumptuous breakfast, smoking and 
hot, the conversation was dropped, and we 

sat down to di.scuss that, which we did in 
a most satisfactory manner, conversing in 
the meantime on subjects quite irrelevant to 
that which was uppermost in both our minds. 
As soon as we had satisfied our appetites, 
the servants removed the dishes, etc., and 
likewise themselves, in a manner remarkably 
quiet. The general then .said : 

' Fortunately, I have no pressing business 
on hand this morning, and I will at once 
order the arrest of this woman ; and if, after 
a preliminary examination I find that there 
are grounds sufiBcient for calling a court 
martial, I'll do so at once.' 

'I am almost certain, general,' I added, 
' that an examination of her person alone will 
disclose more than I learned, or have only 
a suspicion of.' 

Whether or not he understood the full 
significance of my last remark, I could not 
divine. At all events he did not ask for an 
explanation, but, lighting his cigar, he went 
forth from his tent with the air of one bent 
upon some great purpose. 

He met at the entrance his chief of staff, 
and after holding a brief conference with him 
in low tones, they both walked away. 

For two hours I was the sole occupant of 
the marquee ; but the time passed not heav- 
ily, for I found a few attractive books, be- 
sides several northern newspapers, which I 
employed the time in reading. 

At the expiration of this period, my dis- 
tinguished host returned. He had evidently 
had some peculiarly interesting business, for 
he never appeared so excited before in my 

' I feel vexed with myself — I feel vexed 
with my oflScers — I feel vexed with every- 
body around me, — except you, Virginia, 
except you ! ' were the exclamations with 
which he greeted me.' 

' I trust nothing serious has happened,' 
said I, with an enquiring look. 

' To think that a spy has been directly 
in our midst for several weeks, and nobody 
keen enough to discover it but you ! Why, 



I am ashamed of myself and of my subor- 
dinates, too.' 

• Then the woman at the laundry was, 
after all, a spy ? ' I questioned. 

' Not only a spy, but a man in the dis- 
guise of a woman ! — quartered under the 
same roof with a half dozen women — and 
stupid women they are too, not to have dis- 
covered the gross deception that was so long 
played upon them ? ' 

' Then all my suspicions are fully con- 
firmed.' said I. 

' Yes, Virginia, for I remember of your 
Baying that an examination of her person, 
would disclose more than you had actually 
learned, but were suspicious of. It's the 
most remarkable case I ever had come under 
my observation ! and it's all the more aggra- 
vating to think that this person had won the 
confidence of all for her fidelity and loyalty. 
And there's no knowing how much harm 
this spy has done us, though he swore most 
stoutly that he had never obtained' an op- 
portunity to convey the least intelligence to 
the enemy. However, whether true or not, 
it's pretty certain he'll do us no more 
mischief. A drum-head court-martial to- 
mon-ow, and an execution next day, will 
be the grand finale of his career ? ' 

' So soon ? ' 

* With such characters we must deal sum- 
marily, or there would be no safety ! ' 

The remark gave me a sliudder, but'it es- 
caped his notice ; and I suppose it did not 
for a moment occupy his thoughts that I too 
had played the spy far more effectually than 
the one I had been the means of unmasking ; 
that I too, had placed my neck many times 
almost within the hangman's noose to aid 
him in carrying out plans that would assist 
in saving the Union ; and that before many 
hours I should again repeat the perilous ex- 

After a few more remarks denunciatory of 
himself and those around him, and compli- 
menting my own shrewdness in most lauda- 
toiy terms, he lighted his cigar, c; 


down into his usual serenity, and conversed 
only of irrelevant and more agreeable things. 

The only incident of that day worth men- 
tioning, was the passing by the marquee, of 
a strong detachment of soldiers, escorting a 
rebel to prison ! 

One glance at his face was sufficient; I 
recognized in him, the hard, coarse-featured 
woman who had conversed with me in my 
room on the night previous. 




My mission in the camp of the nation's 
brave defenders was now completely fulfill- 
ed, and I signified to the general, my host, 
that it was unnecessary to lose more time ; 
and that I was prepared to be sent to the en- 
emy's lines at his earliest convenience. 

This was the morning following the impor- 
tant discovery I had made ; and I felt that 
to remain there another day, I might be sub- 
jected to hear too much of the execution of a 
spy that was undoubtedly predetermined, or, 
perchance, be witness of the disagreeable 

Breakfast being over, the general approach- 
ed me, and taking both my hands within hisj 
while a tear shone in his eyes, he said : 

* God bless and protect you, Virginia ! ' 

He said no more, but took his cap and has- 
tily left the tent. Understanding his pur- 
pose, I immediately prepared for departure. 
In a few moments the chief of staff", with a 
sorrowful countenance, came in and informed 
me that it was his painful duty to communi- 
cate to me the order of his commander that 
I must prepare to be sent back to Vicksburg 

' I have anticipated his wishes, colonel, 
and am now ready ; but I trust you will not 
consider the duty you are charged with a 
painful one.' 

' It is always painful to thwart the wishes 
of a lady,' said he. 



' Do not, T beg of you, feel grieved on 
my account, for it matters not greatly whether 
I return to my friends in Vicksburg, or pro- 
ceed North to join my friends there, — for I 
have friends among the federals as well as 

' Then the general must have intimated 
to you his decision ? * 

' Not a word, I assure you. He hasn't 
the courage to say an unpleasant thing to a 
lady ; he delegates that duty to his subor- 
dinates,' said I, in a satirical vein, which I 
think the officer did not much reUsh, for he 
replied by saying : 

' I am myself" inclined to the belief that 
his courage would sooner fail him before one 
woman than before a whole regiment of rebel 
soldiers. ' 

' I wonder if he really thinks that I am a 
rebel spy ? ' I asked, changing the subject. 

' If he thought that he would have put 
you under arrest, and subjected you to much 
great rigor than you appear to have suflFered 
during your brief sojourn here.' 

' Oh, I have not suffered in the slightest ; 
he has treated me as a lady should be treated, 
I have in no manner been inconvenienced, 
except in not being allowed to continue my 
journey as I purposed. And that does not 
trouble me half so much as to be regarded 
by him as at least a dangerous character.' 

' You must forgive a general officer if he 
does appear severe or over-cautious in his 
acts. It is a merit rather than a demerit 
in a military commander.' 

At this point in the conversation, a vehi- 
cle rolled up towards the marquee and stop- 
ped ; and the next moment the same officer 
who had escorted me hither appeared at the 

' Lieutenant Kilham, Miss Clarke,' said 
the staff-officer, introducing the young of- 

' We have met before,' I remarked. 

' Yes ; you are the same lady that I had 
the honor to escort hither,' he replied, with 
an obsequious salute. 

' And now are to have the trouble of re- 
turning her whence you found her.' 

' Here are your instructions, lieutenant,' 
said the statf-offioer, placing in the hands of 
Kilham a written document, which he forth- 
with opened and read. It was evidently 
somewhat of a surprise to him to learn that 
instead of my being permitted to proceed on 
ray proposed tour North, I was to bo sent, 
by a flag of truce, back to the inside lines of 

' All ready, yer honor,' shouted the 

I bade the chief of staff an off-hand fare- 
well ; was politely assisted into the vehicle 
by my escort, who after taking a seat beside 
me, told the Irish Jehu of a remarkably 
slow coach to drive on. 

' I regret your misfortune. Miss Clarkp ; 
but stranger things than this happen every 
day,' remarked the lieutenant. ' In times 
of war it is best never to be surprised at any- 
thing, however eccentric it may appear.* 

' I have learned the lesson,' I repUed, 
' and have no regrets to make.' 

' Indeed ! I had supposed that your disap- 
pointment must be very great on learning 
the decision of our general.' 

' It is perhaps better that I should return,' 
I replied, carelessly. 

' But the danger of residing in a belea- 
guered city. It is hardly a fitting place for 
a lady.' 

' I apprehend that there is but little safe- 
ty anywhere in this vicinity.' 

These words had hardly escaped me, when 
I beheld coming towards us three mounted 

We were moving at a snail-like pace over 
the deep-rutted road, which gave an oppor- 
tunity for the officers to scrutinize us closely, 
while we were passing each other. Who or 
what they were I had no curiosity to know, 
and turned my head to look in another di- 
rection, when I heard a voice, in a tone of 
command, give the order — 

' Halt ! ' 



Our vehicle came to a stand-still, when 
the detestable Major Jenefer reined up be- 
side the vehicle. 

'Who have you there, lieutenant'?' en- 
quired that officer. 

' A lady, major, who is to be sent to the 
rebel lines, under a flag of truce.' 

' By whose order ? ' 

' By order of the commanding general.' 

'It cannot be.' 

'Read my written instructions,' said the 
lieutenant, handing him the document he had 
received from the staft-officer. 

' The general is deceived ! ' exclaimed 
Jenefer, handing back the paper, after glan- 
cing his eye over it. 

' That is a matter for me not to inquire 
into,' said my escort. ' I have my orders, 
and I intend to execute them.' 

' And I have the best of reasons for be- 
lieving that this female is a rebel spy. In- 
deed, I know that she has been in our camp 
before, and bore a name other than that men- 
tioned in your instructions.' 

' That is no business of mine,' replied 
Lieutenant Kilham. 

' It is the business of every loyal officer 
to arrest any person suspected of being a 
spy ; and I shall take the responsibility, at 
least, of ordering you back to the general's 
headquarters, there to await until I can have 
a brief interview with the general.' 

' And I shall take the responsibility of 
obeying his superior orders in preference 
to yours,' smartly replied the lieutenant. 
' Drive on, Patrick.' 

' Yes, yer honor,' said Jehu, as he at- 
tempted to put his hard-worked steed in 

He was, however, frustrated in the attempt, 
for one of the other officers immediately seized 
the horse by the head and held him fast. 

' Lieutenant, you will please consider your- 
self under arrest,' said the redoubtable ma- 
jor. ' Your sword.' 

' I know not by what authority you thus 
prevent me from obeying instructions supe- 

rior to any that you can give ; ' said Kilham, 
' and in giving up my sword, I do it under 
protest, as all of you will bear witness.' 

He unsheathed his weapon and handed it 
to the major. 

' Driver, you will now return whence you 
came. We will be your escort ; and re- 
member, that it is I, Major Jenefer, who 
takes this responsibility ; and as for the 
lady,' he continued, glancing significantly at 
me, ' she well understands why I intercept 
her and her escort in the very act of escap- 
ing by the general's sanction. ' 

' You will undoubtedly be well repaid for 
your trouble, said I, sarcastically. ' Who 
knows that this act may not gain you an 
"eagle," an insignia you can never hope to 
win by deeds on the field of battle ? ' 

' The general knows how to reward faith- 
ful service,' replied Jenefer, pompously, as 
if he already felt the perch of the eagle on 
his shoulder straps. 

' And he knows how to degrade and pun- 
ish those who intermeddle with his afikirs,' 
I added. 

' He will thank me for undeceiving him ; 
and he will reward me for placing in his 
hands one whom I believe to be a dangerous 
character. ' 

Jehu had now, by considerable tugging at 
the reins, and making what a sailor would 
call a number of ' tacks,' got his horse's 
head turned in the opposite direction, and 
the whole cortege made a retrogade move- 
ment, the escort led proudly by the gallant 
son of Mars, who imagined that he had per- 
formed a feat which must redound to his 
honor and secure his promotion. 

It was evident that Jenefer had really dis- 
covered 'La Vivandiere,' notwithstanding 
the guise I had put on before leaving Vicks- 
burg ; and because I was now to be sent 
into rebeldom, he inferred that I was a hona- 
jide rebel spy, and that I had imposed upon 
the general now as I had done before in the 
characters of the drummer-boy and La Viv- 



Li reflecting upon the matter it did not 
much disturb me ; indeed I was really im- 
patient to see the denouement of the little 
play he was enacting, which would soon 
occur at headq'.iarters. 

At length the cortege drew up before the 
marquee of the commander, who happened 
at the time to be quietly sitting, apparently 
in a thouo-htful mood, and smoking the incv- 
itable cigar, beside the trunk of a palmetto 
tree near the entrance to his quarters. 

' What is the meaning of all this ? ' he 
sharply inquired, as Major Jenefer, after 
dismounting, approached and saluted him. 

* I have intercepted a dangerous charac- 
ter, general, who was about to be sent into 
the rebel lines under instructions from you. 


' In doing so I was obliged to put under 
arrest Lieutenant Kilham.' 
'Well, go on.' 

* As I said, this woman has been in our 
camp before, wearing the disguises of a 
drummer-boy and also that of a Vivandiere.' 

' Well, is that all ! ' 

' Believing her to be a spy of the enemy, 
I thought it would meet your approval if I 
caused her return, that you might be unde- 
ceived in regard to her character, &c.' 

' What proofs have you ? ' 

'None — other than what I have stated.' 

' And you intercepted the carriage, arrest- 
ed an officer bearing my instructions, sus- 
pected the lady of being a spy without any 
proof, and caused the whole cortege to be 
returned whence they came ? ' 

' I hope the facts justified me in so doing,' 
replied Jenefer, beginning to look wildly, 
and acting nervously. 

' What facts ? ' 

' Those I have told you.' 

' But you have not substantiated any one 
of them.' 

' I can take my oath that the female named 
as Miss Clarke in your instructions, is none 
other than ' 

' Bah ■? ' interrupted the general. ' No 

oaths from your mouth can make you other 
than a cowardly, sneaking intermcddler ; 
and for the high-handed act of intercepting 
an officer bearing orders from me, I order 
you to be placed under arrest, and to be 
suspended from rank until I can give this 
conduct of yours, bo unbecoming a UMlitury 
officer, further consideration. — Meanwhile, I 
advise you to keep that reckless, unruly 
tongue of yours quiet regarding this matter, 
or any other that relates to the business of 
your superiors ! ' 

The chief-of-staff received the major's 
sword, and a file of soldiers was detailed to 
escort the crest-fallen major to the guard- 
house, there to reflect on the unexpected re- 
sults which had so quickly followed his 
great achievement of that morning. 

' I trust that this officious fool has not 
given you any great inconvenience,' said the 
general, stepping up to the vehicle and ad- 
dressing me kindly, 

' He has caused me a little delay only, ' 
I replied ; ' and a longer ride over these 
rough roads than I could have wished. But 
the result of the incident has well repaid 
me for all that; for a more impertinent, in- 
solent fellow never wore the insignia of an 
officer. ' 

' Well, he shall give you no more trouble ! 
and I trust you will reach your friends with- 
out further molestation,' said the general, 
saluting me, and turning to resume his 
thoughtful attitude and cigar beneath the 
shade of the palmetto. 

Meanwhile Kilham had recovered his 
sword, and Jehu again started ofi" at quite 
a brisk pace. 

In the course of two hours we had reached 
the outer pickets. Lieut. Kilham alighted 
and produced the order from the command- 
ing general, that the lady he accompanied 
should be sent back to the confederate lines 
in the same manner that she came. 

Be/ore alighting myself, the flag of truce 
was unfolded and displayed on the federal 
side, which was soon responded to by the 



white flag of the enemy. The meeting of 
the representatives of each signal was had 
eL|ui-distant between the two picket lines, as 
nearly as could be determined. 

While these necessary formalities were 
going on, two horsemen hastily rode up, and 
one of them inquired of a soldier, as nearly 
as I could understand, for the two wounded 
soldiers who had been shot while doing picket 
duty. I thought the voice of the inquirer 
sounded familiar, and on a second look I 
met the eyes of Dr. , our much esteem- 
ed surgeon, — the surgeon-general of whom 
I had heard such high commendations at 

Whether he recognized me or not, I am 
unable to say; but there was that in his 
countenance which clearly betrayed to me 
that I affected him in some degree. I was 
either very' like some one he had seen before, 
or he had penetrated my disguise. He fixed 
bis gaze upon the earth, and there stood for 
at least two minutes, as if his mind were 
puzzled by some abstruse question that he 
could not unravel. He tui-ned away without 
venturing to scrutinize my features again, as 
if he had dismissed the matter from his 
thoughts, and he and his assistant followed 
a guide, as I supposed, towards the place 
where the wounded men lay. 

The conference between the federal and 
rebel officers was now concluded, and the 
report soon came that I had permission to 
'enter the lines of the latter. 

The carriage then conveyed mc to the neu- 
tral ground, where my luggage was taken 
from the vehicle and put in charge of the 
picket officer, who said he would be respon- 
sible for its safety, and that it would be sent 
immediately after me. 

I was forthwith escorted to the rear by 
another officer, who, at my request, and after 
some delay, succeeded in procuring a con- 
veyance for me to the city, where, he kindly 
informed me, I would be received by the 
proper authorities for examination before I 
could be allowed to be entirely at liberty. 

After a ride of two or tliree miles, the 
vehicle stopped before a public building 
within the city, where I was assisted to alight 
by an officer in a police uniform, who es- 
corted me up the steps of the edifice, where 
I beheld the ominous sign — 

'provost biaksiial's office.' 

In another moment I stood before that 
much dreaded officer, the provost-marshal, 
whom I had met several times before, and 
who had made such diligent but ineffectual 
efforts to secure the ' Female Spy ' of the 

He gazed at me for a few moments with- 
out speaking, and then asked for my papers. 

I showed them to him, and after a critical 
examination he pronounced them ' all right,' 
but in such a hesitating tone that I feared 
there was a terrible suspicion lui'kiug in his 
brain, almost ready to assume a more dan- 
gerous form. 

To dissipate it, I resolved upon a stroke 
of policy that should settle all his doubts. 

' It is my desire, sir, to see, as soon as 

possible, Gren. P . I have an important 

message to bear to him.' 

' A written message ? ' 

' A verbal one.' 

' His headquarters is but a short distance. 
A vehicle you will hardly consider necessary. 
If you will permit me I will escort you 
thither, so that you can obtain an audience 
at once. My office enables me to intrude 
upon him even in his private hours. If you 
should go without me you might not obtain 
a ready admittance.' 

' You are very kind, sir,' said I, ' and I 
will accept your offer, providing it will not 
be too much trouble. Thougli I could pos- 
sibly find my way with your direction.' 

' It irf best that you should have ray com- 
pany,' he replied, signifying that he was 
ready to go at once. 

I knew the way as well as he did, and 
could have gained admittance to the great 
military officer of the city ss easily as he 
could. But I made no objections to his 



going ; indeed, I thought it might be the 
means of entirely obliterating any lingering 
suspicion that ho might entertain in regard 
to me, had I proceeded alone. 

The distance was so short that three min- 
utes' brisk walk brought us to the citadel 
headquarters. After passing the gate sen- 
tinel, he proceeded in another way from that 
generally taken by visitors, and, indeed, by 
members of the general's own staff. It was 
a secret mode of ingress, uninterrupted by 
sentinels, and so private that no one could 
well be observed going in or going forth. 

I took note of this passage as we passed 
along, for the purpose of availing myself of 
it should it ever become necessary. 

We soon reached the general's apartment, 
and I was ushered into his presence by my 
dread escort. I was received with great 
cordiality as ' Miss Clarke,' which seemed 
to satisfy the vigilant officer, and he quickly 




I HAD fully prepared myself for the role 
that I was to enact before the commanding 
general of Vicksburg, and its defences (said 
Virginia resuming her narrative, after a brief 
pause) . I had determined not to speak false- 
ly, nor tergiversate more than was absolutely 
essential for my safety. I felt keenly the 
peculiarly discreditable position in which I 
had been placed, not, as you are aware, from 
my own choice ; and my justification for my 
conduct I could only find in the conscious- 
ness of having thus far served my country to 
to tlie best of my ability. 

' I rejoice at your safe return,' said Gener- 
al P , after having greeted me warmly. 

' Ever since you left the city I have had no 
little anxiety on your account. Be seated — 
you look fatigued.' 

' ]3y your leave, I will first divest myself 

of these feminine habiliments, and assume my 
own proper character once more.' said I. 

' Certainly. I shall feel more at ease 
when you appear in your own character — 
I always was embarrassed in woman's socie- 
ty. You will find your garments just as you 
left them, in the ante-room,' he replied. ' No 
one has been in there beside myself. iMake 
all haste possible, for I am impatient to learn 
the particulars of your adventure.' 

' I assure you, general, it has not been 
entirely successful, as you shall soon learn.' 

With these words I entered the little room, 
and once more unsexed myself, by substitu- 
ting my uniform of grey for the more natu- 
ral and agreeable dress of 3Iiss Stella Clarke 
When I had finished and looked in the glass, 
I found to my chagrin that the moustache 1 
had removed was very much wanting to give 
me that masculine look which seemed quit*, 
necessary. It would not, of course, be pru- 
dent for me to apply the false one, for that 
would betray to my superior officer that I 
had not shaven it off at the time Itransform.- 
ed myself into a woman. The old patch, 
however, that I had first worn over the. eye 
that I had ' lost at Bull llun,' and the boy- 
ish carelessness with which I let my locks 
fall around my ears and over my forehead, 
supplied in part the deficiency. 

I was again ' George Temple,' and in 
that character once more appeared before the 
confederate general. 

He looked at me for a moment, and then 
said : 

' ^Vhy, lieutenant, you look almost like a 
lady in disguise. Oh ! I see — ^your mous- 
tache is missing. Well, that will grow again, 
with careful nursing.' 

'I shall not wait for that,' said I, 'a 
moustache must be supplied at the nearest 
barber's, which will answer until nature is 
generous enough to give me one.' 

' I suspect many avail themselves of this 
source for their hirsute appendages,' he ad- 
ded, facetiously, as he drew up a chair di- 
rectly opposite his own and bade me be 



seated. ' Now, lieutenant, your story. You 
have been into the enemy's lines ? ' 

' Yes, general.' 

' And have seen the Yankee army, and 
the great Ulysses himself, perhaps ? ' 

' I certainly have ; for I was a guest at 
his table during the time I was in the Yan- 
kee camp.' 

' Then you were really in the hon's den ? 
That is something, surely ; and therefore I 
shall not yet consider your adventure quite 
a failure, after all. What manner of man 
is this great Yankee commander ? ' 

' Of medium stature ; square built ; with 
not very prepossessing appearance ; but he 
has an eye like a hawk, and his compressed 
lips indicate that he is as stubborn as a mule ; 
in fact, his whole physiognomy shows such 
energy, perseverance, determination, will ! 
that you might whip him once a day for 
twenty-nine days, and he will then prepare 
himself for a fight on the thirtieth. So Ipng 
as he has anything to fight with he will not 
consider himself conquered. ' 

' What is the character of his staff? ' 

'Fighting men, all.' 

' Is it true, as has been stated, that most 
of his staff officers are Indians ? ' 

' I assure you, general, that it is not true ; 
he has one educated and accomplished In- 
dian chief on his staff, who would do credit 
to any military body ; the rest of his mili- 
tary family are Yankees, all.' 

' How happened it that you were so fa- 
vored as to be a guest at his headquarters ? ' 

' He detained me there while making up 
his mind whether to allow me to proceed on 
my proposed journey North, or send me 
back whence I came.' 

' You were then a prisoner ? ' 

' Not a very close one ; but he took very 
good care that I should not make any obser- 
vations beyond the immediate vicinity of 
his camp.' 

' And finally decided that you were too 
much of a rebel to allow you to go at large 

on his side of the lines, and therefore sent 
you back?' 

' That appears, general, to be the state 
of the case.' 

' Then you must give me in detail all the 
incidents from the time you passed our outer 
pickets until you returned ; and the nature 
of the observations you made.' 

In response to this request, I commenced 
to rehearse such portions of my adventures 
as could not in any degree compromise or 
disparage the cause I had at heart ; and of 
all that I told him I did not depart from the 
truth ; and in all his subsequent inquiries, 
I gave him truthful answers, leaving him no 
wiser, and perhaps less wise, than he was 
before. Nevertheless, he seemed highly grat- 
ified that at least one of his spies had visited 
the enemy's camp and had returned in safety 

Before concluding our interview, which 
lasted until the twilight hour, he informed 
me that he would relieve me of the arduous 
duty he had assigned me ; but that he would 
retain me on his staff for special service only, 
and that I might consider my rank from that 
day to be that of captain ; and that he should 
send ray appointment to Richmond, with hon- 
orable mention of my services, on the next 

I thanked him for the honor thus conferred 
upon me, stating that I had as yet perform- 
ed no service warranting such an advance- 
ment. However, he thought otherwise, and 
it was not for me to refuse to be the recipient 
of favors, when they would most likely aid 
me in prosecuting my real mission within the 
defences of Vicksburg. 

This concluded our interview. Before 
leaving, however, I enquired of him if he 
had any duties for me to perform on that 
day, when he very graciously told me that 
I could be master of my own time, except to 
report to him, personally, every morning at 
ten o'clock ; furthermore, he was kind enough 
to say that although a good worker, I was a 
better counsellor and strategist ; and if there 
was anything to be done requiring extraord'- 



nary abilities, my services would be called 
into requisition. 

I bowed my profound acknowledgments 
for the undue compliments he liad paid me, 
and saluting him, I loft his quarters and 
sallied forth into the street, not, however, 
before slyly improving the opportunity in 
passing through the corridor of the building 
to affix to my upper lip the identical mous- 
tache that had rested there before assuming 
the role of ' Stella Clarke.' 

In passkg along the street leading from 
headquarters I accidentally met the provostr 
marshal. He saluted me fiimiliarly and with 
a smile, and passed on, although an hour 
and a half previously , he had escorted ' Miss 
Stella Clarke ' to the presence of his com- 

A few rods farther on I turned abruptly 
into another street, running at a right angle, 
and almost stumbled into the arms of Oba- 
diah Tonilinson ! He recognized me in a 
moment, and at once detained me and de- 
clared tliat, notwithstanding the great wrongs 
which had been done him through my espe- 
cial agency, his heart was too full of grati- 
tude to me for the gr^at good I had done 
him to complain. 

' Yea, verily,' said he, thou hast been the 
means of perpetuating the house of Toralin- 
Ron ; for had Potiphar been subjected to 
kneel down before seven men of war, with 
muskets in tlieir hands, and leaden spheres 
in the muzzles of the same, pointed at his 
breast, and if at the word of command, they 
had pulled the fatal triggers, he would have 
been deprived of his precious life ; and the 
only way of perpetuating the honorable name 
of the Tomlinsons would have perished for- 
ever. Thou didst prevent this great calam- 
ity, and a leaden weight was removed from 
this heart. I can only thank thee, for I have 
neither money, goods, nor chattels to spare ; 
but I can keep thy great secret locked se- 
curely in this bosom. Verily, thou needst 
have no fear of me.' 

Not desiring to prolong this interview, 

I begged him to excuse me then, for my time 
was precious ; but that I would see and 
speak with him on a more favorable occasion, 
and ij^ less conspicuous place. 

Again I passed on, thinking that it was a 
somewhat singular coincidence that I should 
have met the provost and the quaker in a 
walk of less than a hundred rods ; but judge 
of my great astonishment when, in less than 
two minutes afterwards, I met, face to face. 
Col Lamar, walking arm-in-arm with Cap- 
tain Clymer. 

The former, on seeing me attracted the 
other's attention towards me, and as we 
passed, both saluted in the most respectful 
manner, which I returned. 

Whether to attribute this politeness to my 
being a representative of the general-in-chiefs 
military family, or to the possibility of Col. 
Lamar's being in the secret of my mission 

from General P , I am unable to say ; 

but I was assured of one fact : that they in 
no manner coupled me with the soi-disant 
heiress of Magnolia Villa, or rather with the 
audacious female spy, who had dared to 
come within the sacred precints of the great 
stronghold of rebeldom, to expose the re- 
sources, the strength, and the strategic in- 
tentions of its chivalric defenders. 

The curious coincidence of my coming in 
contact with no less than four different char- 
acters, being a major part, of all the people 
I knew even by name in this strange city, 
somewhat disconcerted me, and caused me 
to step more briskly through the streets in 
my route to my private quarters, which as 
soon as I had reached, and was welcomed 
by my strangely interested hostess, I breathed 
more freely, and recovered ray usual equa- 

I retired early to my room, and there 
alone gave my mind up to a review of my 
quixotic adventures of the past three days. 
I could scarcely realize the various events as 
they presetited themselves to my mind, one 
after another ; and why, I asked myself, in 
recklessly placing myself in so many haz- 



arduous positions ? I had passed tbroagli all 
with perfect safety, and without eompromis- 
ing myself in any degree or sense. It 
seemed as if in the utmost of ray perils, some 
power was sure to intervene to protect me, 
without the least voluntary act on my part. 

My greatest achievement, as I viewed it, 
was the unmasking of a dangerous confede- 
rate spy in the federal camp ; and yet it was 
accomplished without an effort. I must con- 
fess that I felt weak enough to drop a tear 
of pity for the poor unfortunate whom I 
had caused to be given up to an ignominious 
fate ; deservedly, too, according to the stern, 
inexorable decrees of war ; and if deserved, 
I, too, merited a like fate. The only differ- 
ence between us — ^he had been detected — I, 
thus far, had escaped. The truth is, the 
undetected spy is a hero ; the detected spy 
is the basest of criminals ! according to the 
military code in times of war. The start- 
ling difference between the two was so wide, 
that I determined to be more cautious in the 
future than I had in the past. 

I was awakened from a deep slumber on 
the following morning, by the terrible revei'- 
berations of artillery and the bursting of shells 
within the city. I quickly arose, dressed my- 
self and went forth into the streets, to behold 
the fearful panic that an early and an unu- 
sually terrific bombardment was producing. 

Men, women and children, but partially 
clad, and many more with but their night 
clothes wrapped around them, were hasten- 
ing on towards the several entrances to cav- 
erns which had beei^ dug in the earth for the 
protection of the inhabitants whenever the en- 
emy seemed inclined to furnish them with a 
hundred or two tons of brittle iron in the 
shape of shot and shell. 

Desiring myself to find a secure place from 
these devastatino; missiles, and havina; an ir- 
repressible curiosity to witness the subterra- 
nean scenes which had been described to me, 
I fell in with one of the moving throngs, 
and soon found myself at the portal of what 
appeared to be an extensive cellar, and which 

I was told had been used for storing pipes of 
wines and liquors, crates of crockery and 
other merchandize, but which now was only 
alive with human beings. 

Beyond the oellar, wliich was dimly lighted 
by lamps suspended from the ceiling, there 
were quite extensive excavations of earth, but 
recently dug, for the purpose of affording 
further protection to the inhabitants during 
the perils of bombatrdment, 

IMingled with the throng I observed quite 
a number wearing the grey uniform of the 
army, and several wearing, besides, the in- 
signia of rank from lieutenants up to colo- 
nels ; so that ray appearance there could 
not be regarded as anything singular, for all 
who were off duty readily availed theraselvfts 
of the shelter without any fear of incurring 
the censure of cowardice. 

A feeble glare of light revealed the coun- 
tenances of the vai'ious groups of refugees, 
as I wandered about from one section to the 
other. Many told of anxious souls and 
bleeding hearts ; of disease, famine, fear and 
despair. Many expressed doubt, anger and 
revenge. Many gazed with a vacant look 
or savage stare. Others looked bold and 
defiant, as if the work of devastation without 
had no terrors for them ; and there were S'till 
others, (but they were comparatively few) 
who assumed a cheerful visage, as if the 
appalling scenes they had hidden from view 
would soon emancipate them from the reign 
of terror that they could not escape from. 

I sympathized with all, but especially with 
those last, for I felt that their hearts beat ia 
unison with mine as to the hoped-for result. 

I wandered about, jostled here and there 
by rude men, and I am sorry to say by rude 
women too, until, becoming fatigued, I sought 
a place where I could rest my weary body 
and soul ; for I was pained, disgusted and 
sickened with what I saw. 

Pride of birth, wealth, education, high 
position, were all humbled here. All castes 
were on a level in this subterranean retreat. 
The beggar vied with the affluent aristocrat ; 



the courtezan with the fine lady ; the laborer 
with the professional man ; the ignorant with 
the learned ; the criminal with the honora- 
ble ; the vicious with the virtuous. All were 
here for one common purpose — personal safe- 
ty ; and no one was more privileged than 
another in availing himself of the securities 
which this underground shelter afforded. 

In the least thronged part of this cavern- 
ous dwelling, and in the rear of a group of 
well-behaved people of both sexes, were 
seated upon some straw matting a gentleman 
of perhaps thirty years of age, in a military 
undress uniform, and a lady of some ten 
years younger. The dim lights of the ex- 
tensive cavern did not enable me to scruti- 
nize their features as I passed and repassed 
them. They were conversing with some 
earnestness, though in suppressed tones ; but 
a few words caught my ear which at once 
interested me and excited my curiosity to 
hear more. I therefore passed and repassed 
them again — a matter that they probably 
thought not strange ; for others, in their 
restless, uneasy wanderings, were doing the 
same thing. 

That this couple were not lovers was ap- 
parent from the formal and altogether too 
respectful manner in which the gentleman 
addressed the lady, and also from the entire 
absence of coyness on her part, and the 
easy, unhesitating manner in which she ap- 
peared to reply to him. That they were not 
man and wife was evident from the fact that 
he seemed too dignified in her presence, and 
too deferential towards her. For the same 
reason I judged that they were not brother 
and sister. 

The first words that excited my Quriosity 
were dropped from the lips of the lady. 
They were these : 

' Tortilinson and his son are somewhere 
in Vicksburg now. 

It was a sweet voice — but it was not the 
voice, but the expression that struck me. 
In repassing, I heard him say : 

Nevertheless, she is a spy, and will be 
dealt harshly with if ' 

The last word my ear did not catch, but 
the words of the sweet voice, more penetrat- 
ing in reply, I distinctly heard. They were : 

' I hope not.^ 

Walking on a few yards, I retraced my 
steps, but walked very slowly. I know it 
was very impertinent and unladylike, but a 
spy, as well as a detective, very quickly 
falls into the habit of listening when most 
people would be entirely indifferent, and 
gazing where others would not feel any in- 
terest in looking. This time I heard the 
gentleman say : 

' K leave of absence can be obtained, Ma- 
rietta, I will accompany you back to Jack- 
son ; ' and then followed the lady's reply : 

' It is unnecessary, cousin ; Cuffee is a 
very safe escort. ' 

What a revelation a few detached senten- 
ces of an animated conversation was here 
made to me. Is it a wonder that my curios- 
ity was excited ? Is it a wonder that I at- 
tempted to gratify it as far as prudence at 
least would permit ? 

And now for some time I paused in my 
walk, and leaning up against the side of the 
cavern, endeavored to gaze on the linea- 
ments of a countenance whose possessor I 
felt an irrepressible, irresistible interest in. 
I could see but indistinctly — imagination 
supplied the rest — she was beautiful. 

Again I ventured to walk that interesting 
path — for all the horrors of the place had 
now vanished. This time I must have been 
for a moment the object of their particular 
observation ; for as I drew near, their con- 
versation ceased ; they turned up their heads 
as I passed ; and then my quick, sensitive 
ear heard the gentleman say, although he 
spoke in a whisper : 

' That officer wears the insignia of the 
general-in-chief 's staff. ' 

He arose as he spoke, and followed me a 
few paces. I turned, and we met face to 
face. He saluted me. 



'I ask pardon,' said he; 'you are Cap- 
tain Temple of Gen. P 's staff, I believe.' 

' That is my rank,' I replied. 

' My name is Marland — Major Marland 
— also an attache of the Greneral-in-chief. 
We have never known each other, though I 
have frequently seen you at headquarters. 
I desire the pleasure of a friendship with one 
who stands so high in the estimation of our 
general, with Colonels Winnett, Lamar and 

' I am very proud to make your acquain- 
tance, major,' said I, taking his proffered 

' Come, captain, share our mat,' said he, 
drawing me towards the place where he had 
been sitting, or rather reclining. ' I will 
introduce you to my cousin — devilish pretty 
gu-1, too,' he added, speaking the latter sen- 
tence in a whisper, directly in my ear. 

' Miss Marland, Captain Temple. I am 
proud to say, cousin, that he is of the same 
military family as myself, although his duties 
and mine have so led us apart, that we have 
never before met,' was the major's mode of 

The lady arose, bowed and curtseyed in 
a graceful, modest manner, and then resum- 
ed her seat upon the mat. 

I could do no less than accept the major's 
kind offer, and, a la Turque, I imitated his 
example, and we three were soon engaged 
in quite an animated conversation. 

' Miss Marland, captain, is recently from 
Jackson, where she resides,' said the major, 
inclined to be social ; ' and I have just been 
tellibg her that for a lady to come to the be- 
leaguered city just at this time, is more val- 
orous than discreet.' 

' It certainly is not a very desirable abode 
for any one just at the present time,' I re- 
plied. ' I think the inducement must have 
been a strong one that tempted you hither. , 

' It was a strong one,' she replied. 

' I'll tell you confidentially, captain, with 
my cousin's permission, that her visit here 
has something to do with that Female Spy 

we have heard so much about of late,' said 
the major. 

' Indeed ! a deal of trouble she has given 
us too,' I remarked. 

' The truth is — and I suppose you are 
aware of the fact — we all thought we had 
her in our clutches the other night, but she 
contrived to slip through our fingers, and is 
probably beyond our reach by this time,' 
added the major. 

' I am heartily glad of it ! ' exclaimed the 
undoubtedly veritable Miss Marietta Mar- 
land, with a toss of the head . 

' Just hear my madcap coz talk, captain. 
Why, if any of our provost marshals or de- 
tectives heard her expressing such disloyal 
sentiments, I could not answer for her lib- 

' I'd plead for her life even to the scaf- 
fold,' said Miss jMai'land, with unaffected ear- 

' You must have some great motive in be- 
ing willing thus to interest yourself in behalf 
of so bold a criminal as this female spy ? ' said 
I, with a surprised look. 

' I owe her a debt of gratitude which I can 
never repay,' replied Marietta, enthusiasti- 
cally. ' She has been my good angel, what- 
ever mischief she may have wrought to the 

' I suppose, captain,' said the major, seri- 
ously, ' it is a fact that the unknown person- 
age called the Female Spy, for some'strange 
reason or caprice, assumed the character and 
position of Marietta Marland, this lady, 
(while the latter was at a boarding school in 
the land of our enemies,) and through her 
shrewdness and energy, absolutely caused 
the restitution of a great fortune, in the 
hands of a swindling steward, who claimed 
it as his own, and caused it to be restored to 
its rightful owner. Am I not right, cousin 'I ' 

'It is true — every word,' was Marietta's 
reply ; ' and it as well known in Jackson as 
any event that has occurred there for a 
twelvemonth. Now, is it strange, captain, 
that I should feel interest enough in this 



benefactor of mine as to hope fliat she has 
escapcfl from the punishment usually meted 
out to spies ? ' she added, appealing to me. 

' Not only not strange, but quite natural,' 
I replied. ' But what could have been the 
spy's motive for thus interesting herself in 
your affairs ? ' 

' I know of none other than that it was to 
divert suspicion from her real character,' re- 
plied Miss Marland. 

' But why was it that she was not recog- 
nized as an impostor when she assumed your 
name and character? ' I asked. 

' I had grown from childhood into woman- 
bood since any one of the servants or neigh- 
boi-s had seen me, having been sent Xorth 
at an early age to complete my education. 
Altogether, however, it is a great mystery ; 
and I have an irrepressible curiosity not 
only to unravel it, but to meet with this cul- 
prit benefactor of mine.' 

' Should you meet her it would be your 
duty to expose her,' I suggested. 

*I would not do it,' she replied with res- 
olate emphasis. 

' The authorities might compel you,' said 
Major Marland. 

' I'd die first,' she answered, as if she 
meant it. 

'It is to be hoped, then, that you may 
never meet with her while this war lasts,' 
said I. 

The last words had hardly escaped my 
mouth, when a tall, dark visaged man, attir- 
ed in a civilian's garb, and whom I had ob- 
served as he walked to and fro, apparently 
in a state of absent-mindedness, and seem- 
ingly not taking notice of any one or any- 
thing that was going on, suddenly halted 
and confronted the little group of which I 
was one. 

We all instinctively arose at the apparent 

' The lady will oblige me by walking with 
me to the provost-marshal's oflBce,' said the 
stranger, in the most imperturbable manner. 

We all started as if a bombshell had 
been thrown into our midst. 

' Sir ! did you address me ? ' essayed 
Miss Marland, with consternation depicted 
upon her countenance. 

' I said the lady!^ he replied, with empha- 
sis and coolness. 

' Are you not a stranger to this lady ? ' 
ejaculated the major, his face crimson with 

' Undoubtedly,' was the reply. 

' Then, sir, I claim to know by what au- 
thority you make so rude a request? ' de- 
manded the irate major. 

' I deny any rudeness, sir. I made a re- 
quest that she should accompany me to the 
provost-marshal's office, and now I order her 
to accompany me thither.' 

' I demand your authority for this unac- 
countable procedure.' 

' I have authority, but am not compelled 
to show it to whoever is pleased to ask it.' 

' I demand it in behalf of this lady, 
whose kinsman I am ! ' exclaimed the major, 
kindlinor with rage. 

' There must be some mistake here,' I 
interposed, as the real state of the case 
dawned upon my mind. ' You I suppose to 
be a detective ? ' 

'It matters not what I am,' replied the 
stranger. ' I know my duty and must ex- 
ercise it. The lady must go with me. If 
you and this other officer choose to go with 
us, you can have the privilege. The dis- 
tance is but short ; the bombardment has 
nearly ceased for to-day, and there will be 
but little danger.' 

The major was somewhat appeased by this 
last speech, but seemed not quite ready to 
acquiesce in the demand. 

'It is useless to resist,' continued the 
stem stranger, ' for with one little signal I 
can summon twenty assistants to my side.' 

' By all means let us go there,' counselled 
Miss Marietta ; ' I can see no harm to resuli 
from it ; for if this man has conceived the 
idea that I am a suspicious personage, we 



can there convince him that he has made an 
egregious blunder. He has probably mis- 
taken me for another.' 

' Your fair cousin counsels well,' said I 
to the major. 

' To avoid being a party to any unneces- 
sary tumult in this dismal place, I'll waive 
all objection ; but I shall hold this stranger, 
whoever he may be, to a strict account for 
his unexplained conduct,' said the major. 

' You shall have all the satisfaction you 
may require,' said the disturber of our some- 
what interesting conversation, in a manner 
that indicated that he could not easily be 

He led the way, and with Marietta, es- 
corted on either side by her fiery cousin and 
myself, we emerged from the subterranean 
retreat, and wended our way towards the 
provost-marshal's headquarters, a place I 
was already somewhat familiar with. 

Having arrived there, we found the chief 
absent, much to the chagrin of the supposed 
detective, who expressed his regret at the 
circumstance, for he should be compelled to 
detain the lady in custody until his chief 
returned. He then informed us that he had 
the best of reasons for suspecting, at least, 
that she was the famous female spy who had 
given the general-in-chief so much trouble. 
All that we could say to the contrary had 
no effect upon him. Under this state of 
things I hurried off to Gen. P 's head- 
quarters, for the purpose of explaining to 
hira the great and unfortunate blunder which 
had been committed. 





It was certainly a remarkable concatena- 
tion of circumstances that led to my a^-ain 
being the champion of the heiress of Magnolia 

The clock struck ten on that eventful 

morning when I reported myself to the rebel 
general at headquarters. He was in a state 
of great mental excitement in consequence 
of the early bombardment, and its terrific 
nature, driving the population to every place 
of refuge that was available, and doing con- 
siderable damage to the defences and princi- 
pal buildings within. He was engaged in 
receiving reports from the several command- 
ers of the different points of defence ; and in 
bvery case the report was not of that nature 
likely to produce agreeable emotions in the 
breast of the great rebel commander. 

Finding it a most unfavorable moment for 
presenting to him the facts in regard to the 
arrest of Miss Marland, I waited impatiently 
for the most propitious opportunity for so 
doing, employing the time in walking to and 
fro, listening to the conversation of new 
comers, and looking over the various papera 
and reports which lay promiscuously upoa 
the table. 

At length the last visitor disappeared, 
when I seized the opportunity to a&k a few 
moments audience with him. 

' Be seated, captain,' said he. * I'll listen 
to anything that will distrac^, my thoughts 
from the disasters of the morning ' 

' I wish to intercede for tao immediate lib- 
eration of a lady who wa? arrested this mora- 
ing by one of the provost's detec lives.' 

' Arrested for what ? ' 

' On suspicion of being a spy. ' 

' I believe a score or more have already 
been arrested on the same grounds, but in 
every case, they readily proved that there 
was no ground for f-uspicion.' 

' And there is none in this case.' 

' What are the circumstances on which 
they ground their suspicions ? ' 

' None ; unless they are afforded by the 
fact that her name is Marrietta Marland.* 

' Why, that is the name of the lady that 
the notorious Female Spy assumed.' 

' Precisely ; only this happens to be the 
genuine Marietta Marland ; and she was 
with her cousin, Major Marland, at the time 



of her arrest. But the stupid detective 
would not be reasoned with. He took her 
to the provost's headquarters where she is 
now held until the chief of that office returns 
to investigate the matter, and be satisfied 
that his subordinate has made a most egre- 
gious mistake.' 

' These false arrests are very annoying ; 
they give me a deal of trouble,' resumed the 
general. ' He suspects her of being the 
Female Spy, does he ? ' 

'So he declares.* 

' Do you know, of your own knowledge, 
that she is not the spy ? ' 

* I can make oath of it, if necessary.' 

' Then I am satisfied. You shall have 
an order for her immediate release,' said the 
general, seating himself at the table, and 
hastily penning an order, addressed to the 
marshal or either of his subordinates, to lib- 
erate the suspected party ; and without seal- 
ing it, placed it in ray hands. 

I expressed ray thanks, and hurried back 
to the provost's office. I found the major 
pacing to and fro in no enviable state of 

' Where is your cousin ? ' I asked. 

' These brave men, clothed with a little 
brief authority, desiring to make it impos- 
ible for theirprisoner to escape, have caused 
her to be taken from this room, and probably 
thrust into sorae cell, or dungeon,' said the 
major, with bitter sarcasm. 

' She shall not remain there any longer,' 
said I, producing the order for her release, 
and reading it to two or three subordinates 
in the room. 

'This is all regular,' said one of them ; 
' and it comes from a source not to be ques- 
tioned. The lady shall be at once released, ' 
and he left the apartment for the purpose of 
producing the prisoner and permitting her 
to go at liberty. 

' You have won my eternal gratitude and 
friendship for this good service. Captain 
Temple,' said the elated major, seizing both 
my hands and pressing them warmly. 

' The service is but a trifling one,' said T 
' A word or two with the general, and the 
thing was accomplished.' 

' You must have a mighty influence with 
him to obtain this order of release before any 
investigation whatever could take place,' 
said the major. 

' He has entire confidence in me, and 
relied solely upon my word that the lady 
was not the noted Female Spy.' 

At this moment Marietta appeared, accom- 
panied by the officer, who politely gave her 
into our hands, at the same time expressing 
his regrets that the detective should have 
made such a mistake. 

It was evident that Marietta had been 
weeping violently ; and even now the bright 
pupils of her beautiful eyes were bathed in 
tears which also glistened upon the long lash- 
es like dewdrops on the petals of a flower. 

' It is all over now. Marietta ; but it was 
a cruel fright ; and hang me, if I don't have 
satisfaction of that blundering detective, I'm 
not worthy to wear a sword,' said the major, 
his wrath by no means appeased. ' You 
might have had to stay in this prison-house 
all day, and perhaps all night, too, if it had 
not been for our kind friend here — Captain 
Temple. He obtained your discharge from 
no less a personage than the general himself. ' 

' How much, sir, I have to thank you 
for,' said she, enthusiastically addressing me. 

' Not so much as you imagine,' I answer- 
ed, my conscience telling me that / was, 
after all, the prime cause of her morning's 

'Indeed, sir, I imagine nothing,' she re- 
turned. ' You have done me a great favor, 
for every minute that I was under duress 
and suspense was torture to me. Therefore, 
for each moment that my torture was short- 
ened, I owe you a debt of gratitude.' 

I did not observe until then how beauti- 
ful — how very beautiful — Miss Marland was. 
She was as fair as a lily and as bright as a 
diamond ; and her features wore an expres- 
sion of more than human sweetness — it was 



serapliic ; her figure, too, was graceful as 
that of a sylph, and her voice was as musi- 
cal as the most melodious of warblers. The 
thought of my being once told that I re- 
sembled this lady absolutely excited my 
pride. Had I been that which I represented 
— a spruce young officer — I am sure that 
Cupid would have expended ona of his ar- 
rows while my gaze was fixed upon her al- 
most marvellous loveliness. I surely should 
have embraced her, as I would have done a 
beloved sister, had not my costume forbid- 
den my taking such a liberty. In truth, I 
never before realized how awkward it was to 
be encased in habiliments made only for the 
opposite sex ; for I had conceived a regard 
for this lady that I never before felt for any 
of her sex, except my mother. 

I knew that it was impertinent to thus 
scan her features, and only withdrew my 
gaze when I saw the tide of crimson sufius- 
ing her cheeks ; and had I been observed 
by the major, — who was exchanging at the 
moment some pretty tart expressions with 
one of the provost force, — I am quite sure 
he would have resented it. 

Our unfortunate business at this office 
having terminated favorably, as I knew it 
would, we walked away together, the major 
animadverting strongly upon the unneces- 
sary officiousness of all police spies of gov- 
ernment, while Marietta was profuse in her 
expressions of gratitude for my kind, unso- 
licited interference in her behalf. 

On nearing one of the large squares of 
the city, where a regiment of soldiers was 
encamped, I deemed it prudent to take leave 
of my newly made friends, and repair to 
my own private quarters. On intimating 
such an intention, the major said, with much 
warmth and earnestness, — 

' I protest, captain, you must not leave 
us thus abruptly; we must be better ac- 

' We shall meet frequently, I do not 
doubt,' I answered. 

' That is by no means certain. I may 

not get another day off duty for a fortniglit ; 
and your duties at headquarters may pre- 
vent you from having an opportunity of vis- 
iting my regiment, which at present is guard- 
ing a line of works in the outer defences. 
So I insist on your accompanying us. What 
say you, cousin ? ' 

' I hope Captain Temple will be persuad- 
ed,' replied Marietta; 'and as you have 
promised to dine with me, I hope the cap- 
tain will consent to make one of our little 
dinner party. You know, cousin, that my 
dear Aunt Crawford gave me a carte hlanche 
to invite any of my friends to partake of 
such hospitality as her house afforded. I 
am sure that the captaia will consider him- 
self one of my best friends.' 

' There, Temple, you cannot refuse after 
such an invitation,' exclaimed the major. 

' Miss Marland does me great honor, in- 
deed. I shall be proud to be ranked even 
among the least of her fi-iends ; but ' 

' Halt, there, captain,— rwe can't admit of 
any excuses. Were I in your place I should 
surrender at discretion,' urged the m^jor. 

' I admit that the temptation is very great ; 
but there are ' 

' Nay, captain, the major is the superior 
officer,' said Marietta, facetiously, ' and when 
he commands, subordinates must obey.' 

'Not when a lady is in the question,' I 
answered. ' The prerogative belongs to 
Miss Marland.' 

' Then, captain, my order is that you 
dine with us to-day ! ' said she, with an au- 
thoritative air. 

' Fairly caught, captain ! ' exclaimed the 
major. * Coz, you did that well.' 

' I bow in submission to the most irresisti- 
ble of commanders,' I replied. 

My deliberate judgment would have dis- 
suaded me from being so readily made the 
guest of my new made friends ; but I gave 
the matter so little consideration, that I per- 
mitted myself to continue the interview with 
my agreeable companions for a little time 



We had now turned into the street made 
memorable to me by one of the most daring 
and dangerous adventures I had yet encoun- 
tered. Not having the most remote idea of 
the situation of the residence of Miss Mar- 
land's aunt, judge of ray surprise and amaze- 
ment, when we reached the spot where I had 
performed the duty of sentinel as a substitute 
for Potiphar Tomlinson, Miss Marland said, 
' This is the house,' and began to ascend the 

If I was startled, and did hesitate, I re- 
covered myself in time not to be observed. 
I felt almost as if I were led into a trap 
expressly prepared for me ; and after I had 
entered the drawing-room, and was intro- 
duced to ' Aunt Crawford,' an aristocratic 
and dignified looking lady of some fifty years 
of age, my heart throbbed as if my character 
and sex had already been discovered. But 
fortunately, the good aunt had so many 
anxious inquiries to make in regard to the 
effects of the terrific bombardment of that 
morning, to be answei'ed by the two cousins, 
that for the time attention was withdrawn 
from me. Their experience of the morning 
was fully rehearsed, and the manner of 
making tlje ' agreeable acquaintance of Cap- 
tain Temple' was explained to the good lady's 
entire satisfaction. 

The conversation now turned upon other 
Bubjects, — of a kindred nature, however, — 
touching the prospects of raising the seige, 
and the triumphs and the reverses of the con- 
federate armies in other sections of rebeldom ; 
and by way of variety, a most interesting 
topic was introduced — the Female Spy — 
ihat portion of her exploits known to the 
parties, — Miss Marland relating in detail, 
with tolerable accuracy, and probably for 
the twentieth time, the part the spy played 
in Jackson ; the major narrating her hair- 
breadth escapes in Vickr.burg, with some 
remarkable embellishments; and Mrs. Craw- 
ford giving quite a glowing account of her 
having taken refuge in that very house at a 
time when she herself waa absent, and the 

unaccountable and almost miraculous man- 
ner in which she had escaped tlie detection 
of the servants, and also of the officers who 
had thoroughly searched the house. 

These things, of course, were all well- 
known to the hostess, and to the nephew and 
niece, Init they were now rehearsed espe- 
cially for my edification. I bore the inflic- 
tion like a martyr, and used as many exclar 
mations of astonishment as if every point 
touched upon was entirely new to me. 

This subject having been exhausted, the 
major arose and said : 

' What say you to a ride to Fort Pem- 
berton, coz, before dinner? I am sure Cap- 
tain Temple will be glad to see this impreg- 
nable work. And Aunt Crawford, you will 
go, too ? ' 

' No, Henry, I must remain at home. 
You know we have but two servants now — 
the others are at work in the mine,' replied 
the hostess. ' But you go, by all means. 
Our carriage is at your service. Our coach- 
man can drive.' 

' No, aunty, we will not take him from 
you, interposed Miss Marland. ' Cuffee, 
who has nothing else to do, and who is an 
excellent coachman, shall drive.' 

I was again startled. That ebony friend 
of mine seemed to arise like a great black 
mark against me. What if he should re- 
cognize, in spite of my present disguise, the 
once brief occupant of Magnolia Villa, and 
in his astonishment utter an exclamation 
that would betray me ? My uniform good 
luck must save me now, or the consequences 
will be terrible. 

Cuifee was forthwith summoned to the 
hall. Mrs. Crawford stepped ou^, and gave 
him instructions to get the carriage in readi- 
ness, adding that Pompey would aid him in 
harnessing the horses. 

Pompey, too, was another object that I 
did not care to encounter face to face, though 
I imagined he had much less penetration 
than his darker colored brother. 

In the course of twenty minutes the car- 



riage was announced, and we arose to take 
our departure. 

' Remember,' said our hostess, 'that we 
dine at four o'clock, and Chloe is punctual 
to a minute. 

Chloe ! One after another it seemed as if 
the ghosts of my sable acquaintances rose 
up before me. 

• Oh, we shall return before that time, 
aunty,* replied Miss Marland, as we passed 
down the steps. 

The cousins preceded me, and the major, 
after assisting the lady into the barouche, 
insisted on my taking the back seat beside 

As I stepped across the sidewalk I could 
not avoid casting a glance at the tall, digni- 
fied looking mustee, whom I had first en- 
countered in the passage-way leading to the 
rear of that very mansion. There was no 
perceptible movement of the muscles of his 
face, and no flash from his dark eye, that 
indicated a discovery. Nor was his gaze 
fixed upon me after the first glance. He 
closed the door of the carriage, looked at 
the harness and horses to see that all was 
right, and indicating the same to our Jehu, 
he turned upon his heel and walked towards 
the house, and the prancing horses and aris- 
tocratic barouche rolled away. 

Cufiee, in his livery, sat upon the box, 
the very personification of sable dignity. 
His appearance called to my mind my first 
ride from Magnolia Villa to the city of Jack- 
son in that stately, venerable-looking vehi- 
cle — ^the family coach of the Marlands in 
the palmy days of their pride and prosperity. 

As yet, he had not turned his head. It 
seemed as if he had no pivot to turn upon ; 
for he received and obeyed orders without 
a movement of that venerable caput, but 
with the invariable answer — ' Ees, massa.' 

I soon had an admirable opportunity of 
viewing a portion of the defences of the city 
which I had not before visited, and with 
wliich the major appeared to be most thor- 
oughly faraihar, for he explained to his cou- 

sin and myself, with admirable clearness, 
all the peculiarities of every work that came 
under our observation. 

At length we reached the main approach 
to the grand fortification — the impregnable 
barrier which stood in the way of the besieg- 
ers — Fort Pemberton. On that marvel of 
military engineering the hopes of the de- 
fenders of Vicksburg mainly depended. It 
was their great stronghold, and none dared 
to suggest that all the material and stratgetic 
powers of the Yankees could prevail against 
it, little dreaming that they whom they 
boastingly defied were already prosecuting 
a plan which must end in its downfall. 

On alighting, we found no difficulty in 
gaining a ready ingress through the ponder- 
ous gate which led to the esplanade within, 
for the major was an intimate acquaintance 
of the officer of the day, a gentleman who 
had also recognized me as one he had seen 
at the headquarters of the geueral-in-chief. 
Besides, my stafi" insignia was a general pass 
to all guarded places within that militaiy 

Another officer, who was off" duty, and 
who was also an acquaintance of Major IMar- 
land's, very generously ofiered to act as our 
cicerone. He led us first to the parapets, 
where he many times repeated a caution not 
to show our heads above the crown of the 
wall. He shew us the great guns, told us 
their calibre and their efiectiveness. We 
then followed him down to the casemates, 
and through the quarters of several of tlie 
soldiers, located beneath the possibility of 
being reached either by shell or shot. The 
magazines, too, were made a matter of spe- 
cial interest to us, and he told us to a pound 
how much powder they contained, and how 
many tons of shot, shell and grenades were 
available for the defence of that all-impor- 
tant work. 

But the most interesting feature of the 
fortification — which the officer told us was 
kept a secret from all except the officera of 
the fort, and those who worked therein, — 



was the tunnel which was being dug far be- 
neath one of the casemates, and which was 
intended to extend toward and beneath the 
enemy's approaches. A well had been 
sunk some thirty or forty feet, and the tun- 
neling had progressed about thirty feet, and 
when completed to the supposed effective 
distance, a mine of powder was to be depos- 
ted, which, when sprung, would cause death 
and destruction to all around. 

I had heard some unsatisfactory allusion 
to what I supposed to be tliis very mining 
operation, at head-quarters, and of course I 
was eager to gather all the particulars in 
regard to it, both by examination and by 
the descriptive details of our guide. These 
I carefully treasured up in my memory, 
fully appreciating the importance the knowl- 
edge tliereof would be to him whom I was 

After complying with a pressing invita- 
tion from our gentlemanly cicerone, to make 
a call at his quarters and refresh ourselves 
with a glass of claret, we left this famous 
fortification, feeling that an hour and a half 
had been well spent. 

We found Cuffee and the carriage where 
we had left them. He was no longer 
mounted upon the box, for there was no one 
to act the part of footman, and he stood be- 
side the earriao;e door awaiting our coming. 

As we approached, I saw that his eyes 
were bent upon me. I quickly drew forth 
a handkerchief, and pretended to wipe the 
perspiration from my brow, but really for 
the purpose of partially concealing my fea- 
tures. But it was too late ; he had obtained 
a good view of my face, and as I drew 
nearer, he held up both hands and gazed 
upwardly in a prayerful attitude, and I 
heard him utter these words : 

' Gorra bress my soul ! ' and he gave 
such a loolf of intelligence, that I put one 
finger suddenly over my mouth as a signal 
for him to maintain perfect silence. He 
seemed to understand it, and mounted his 
box without further observation, and drove 

towards the central part of the city at a 
much brisker rate than he had driven out 
of it. 

For some reason or other our conversa- 
tion began to grow spiritless on our ride 
homeward. The major was as talkative as 
ever, but a spell seemed to have fallen upon 
the wonted vivacity of Miss Marland ; and 
as for myself, my brains had surely gone 
wool-gathering, for I frequently made an- 
swers to the major without precisely know- 
ing what he was talking about. I almost 
felt that I was riding on to my certain de- 

At length we arrived at Mrs. Crawford's 
residence, and as we alighted, I could not 
avoid directing a few glances towards our 
ebony driver ; and although his gaze met 
mine, his face was as stolid as a lump of 
anthracite coal. ' There was no specula- 
tion in the eyes that he did glare with.' 

Mrs. Crawford welcomed us back with 
most cordial expressions, and after being 
assured that we bad enjoyed our ride and 
had a most interesting visit at Fort Pember- 
ton, dinner was announced. 

The banquet was quite a sumptuous one, 
and although I had not eaten a mouthful 
that day, I lacked the appetite to do the 
luxurious viands ample justice, but I made 
a most extraordinary effort to do my full 
share in the animated conversation in which 
all took part, made the more difiBcult by the 
constant attention of Pompey in waiting up- 
on the guests, and by the frequent appear- 
ance of Chloe, as one course followed 

It was indeed a relief to me when, after 
being seated at that hospitable table for a 
long hour and a half, our little party arose 
and returned to the drawing-room. 

Here we resumed conversation, and after 
such time as I thought that I might bid my 
agreeable friends adieu with a proper grace, 
and was on the eve of carrying out this 
intention, the major looked at his watch, 
ai-ose hastily, and begged that we might 



excuse his absence for half an hour to fulfill 
a brief engagement that he had entered into. 

' Captain,' added he, ' do not fail to let 
me find you here on my return.' 

' I will answer for that,' said Miss Mar- 
land, as he hastily left the room ; for I shall 
make a most desperate effort to entertain 
him until your return.' 

' Do so,' said he, and was gone, without 
giving mo an opportunity to explain to him 
why it was necessary for me to take my 
leave very soon ; for I had already framed a 
most plausible excuse in my own mind. 

I was now alone with the heSfess of Mag- 
nolia Villa, for our agreeable hostess had ex- 
cused herself, on account of some urgent 
domestic duties, before we left the dining- 

' I said I should make a most desperate 
effort to entertain you during my cousin's 
short absence,' said she, seating herself rath- 
er nearer to me than a maiden's modesty 
would have permitted under ordinary circum- 
stances ; and not content with this familiarity 
she absolutely placed my hand within' hers, 
and, looking me in the face, said : 

' Pardon me, captain ; if I am not mis- 
taken I have discovered your secret! ' 

' ]My secret ? ' I ejaculated, not a little 

' Yes, your secret. But be not alarmed ; 
we are alone.' 

- Do I look alarmed ? ' said I, with tremu- 
lous accent. 

' I confess that you do. Now tell me and 
tell me truly, is not this little hand, so deli- 
cate and white, the hand of a lady ? ' 

I was dumb. 

• Your silence says. Yes. I slightly sus- 
pected you soon after we left the cave this 
morning. My suspicions grew stronger as 
you walked with us hither, and they were 
fully confirmed when I saw that Cuffee had 
recognized you. Without appearing to 
watch you I have scrutinized you closely. 
And it is fortunate, perhaps, that you are a 
woman : for I should have fallen in love 

with you had you been what you at first ap- 
peared to be. I strongly suspect that my 
cousin, the major, — who, by the by, is a 
married man — thinks that I surely have lost 
my heart.' 

' I must believe, Miss Marland that you 
are sincere in believing me one of your own 
sex ; your every action, as well as your words 
show it, ' said I, without implicating myself. 

' I cannot blame you for your reluctance 
to admit it,' she resumed ; ' but you can 
open your heart to me with perfect safety ; 
for I confess that, having been reared to 
love the Union and its starry symbol, I can 
have no sympathy with this cruel rebellion. 
With your cause I alone sympathize, and 
trust it will prevail against those who would 
crush out every hope of liberty, and destroy 
this great and glorious republic' 

' Do you not endanger your own liberty 
by thus expressing yourself in this hot bed 
of rebels ? ' I inquired. 

' To you only have I confided my true 
thoughts on this subject since I came within 
the rebel lines.' 

' And we will confide in each other. 1 
am a woman ! ' said I, no longer hesitat- 

' I knew it ! I knew it ! ' she exclaimed, 
in low but enthusistic tones, and throwing 
herself into my arms, embraced me with sis- 
terly affection. ' And you are the Female 
Spy ? ' she added, in a whisper. 

'I confess it.' 

' And you were at Jackson a few weeks 
ago ? ' 

' I was.' 

' And at Magnolia Villa, too ? ' 

' I cannot deny it.' 

' And caused my fortune to be restored 
to me by that avaricious and criminal guar- 
dian of mine — Obadiah Tomlinson? ' 

' I certainly did something of that kind.' 

'You are, indeed, my good angel; and 
oh ! how I have longed to see you. To 
speak the truth, that was my errand in 
Vicksburg. I thought, perhaps, that a re- 



mote chance might throw you in my way ; 
and how providentially it has happened.' 

' How providentially, too, it is by a 
Unionist that I have been discovered ! ' 

' Oh, yes ; and that bids me warn you to 
be extremely cautious ; for I know it would 
go hard with you if you should be detected. ' 

' I know all,' said I. 

' Then, for my sake, be cautious.' 

' Tliink you that your cousin or aunt have 
a suspicion that I am other than what I 
seem ? ' 

' Not the slightest. Give yourself no un- 
easiness in that direction. Cuffee, I am 
sure, knows all ; but he is as true as steel, 
and would die an ignominious death rather 
than betray you. We have talked over this 
matter and we agree perfectly. He looks 
upon you as the saviour of our house — a 
sort of divinity sent expressly to thwart the 
machinations of the evil one, personified in 
Obadiah Tomlinson. Let me now ask you, 
my good friend, if you received a letter from 
mo soon after you had ariived in Vicksburg 
from Jackson ? ' 

' Such a letter I did receive ; and I 
assure you that I was agreeably surprised 
that you did not seem the least offended for 
the liberty I had taken with your n^ime and 
position. It took a weight of lead from my 
heart ; for if my conscience has troubled me 
in anything that has happened since I dared 
to assume my present dangerous character, 
it was that I had trespassed upon the right 
of an innocent lady, though all I did seemed 
almost involuntary upon my part.' 

' How could I have been displeased when 
all that you did inured only to my benefit ? 
and now how can I repay you for such great 
service ? ' 

' By being my friend and keeping my se- 
cret,' I answered. 

' I would reward you pecuniarily. I 
have a well-filled J)urse of gold that I would 
place in your hands as a slight toljen of my 

' Nay, Miss Marland, gold I do not 

need ; and if I did, I protest that you owe 
me nothing. Rather let us mutually agree 
that we will be each other's sworn friend ! 
and when this war is ended, and peace once 
more reigns within the borders of this fair 
land, then it is my warmest desire to make 
you a visit at Magnolia Villa, and see once 
more that pai'adise of earthly habitations.' 

' Oh, how joyful that will be ! ' exclaimed 
Marietta, with enthusiasm. ' Won't that 
be delightful ? What gay times we will 
have ! You shall tell me your history, and 

I will tell you but here comes the 

major, and I must put on my dignity, and 
you must not forget that you are still Cap- 
tain Temple,' and she took a seat at the cen- 
tre-table, and began turning over the leaves 
of a photographic album, filled with grey- 
coated generals, brigadiers, colonels, majors, 
captains, etc. 

' Am I punctual in my engagements ? ' 
said the major, entering the drawing-room 
with . a watch in his hand. ' I told you I 
would return in half an hour, and it is now 
just thirty minutes and forty seconds since 
I left you. How have you enjoyed your- 
self, captain'? Has my cousin played the 
agreeable ? ' 

'Oh, I assure you that I have been sur- 
prisingly well entertained,' I replied. 

' Ah ! I thought so. But beware, cap- 
tain ; I more than half suspect that my 
cousin is given to coquetry. It has always 
been the way with the feminines of the Mar- 
laud family,' said the major, facetiously. 

' You can't plague me, cousin Henry, by 
intimating that I am a flirt,' she replied, 
good-naturedly ; ' for I do so love to tease 
your self-styled " lords of creation," that I 
never let an opportunity escape. ' 

' Tliere, captain, I told you so,' resumed 
Jlajor Marland. ' You have her own con- 
fession ; and it is well that you are warned 
in time. It is no small thing to understand 
our modern young ladies, before we get too 
far within tlieir magnetic influence.' 

' Henry, if you were not my kinsman, I 



should say, most emphatically, that you are 
decidedly impertinent,' said Miss Marland, 
assuming a dignified manner. 

' Oh ! I ask pardon, my sweet coz,' re- 
turned the major, ' but the truth is, I met a 
friend — an old classmate of mine at Har- 
vard — and we took a glass of wine to- 

' I'll wager it was whiskey ! ' said Mari- 
etta, with a satirical smile. 

' Well, — I don't know but it was whis- 
key — wine or whiskey, it's all the same to 
me ; but I have felt elevated about three 
feet and a half from the earth ever since I 
drank it. Therefore, I am entitled to your 
consideration ; ' and saying this, the major 
threw himself into an easy chair, and in less 
than ten minutes he had journeyed so far 
into the land of dreams that it was thought 
best not to disturb him. 

I took this opportunity to take leave of 
this hospitable mansion, promising, however, 
that if it were possible, I would again call 
before the day fixed for Miss Marland's 
leaving Vicksburg. 

On retiring to my couch that night, I 
could not but think the events of that day 
were the most singular that I had ever ex- 
perienced. But I also had premonitions 
that I was yet to play a part in a scene of a 
more exciting nature than any in which I 
had as yet participated. 





Punctual to the hour of ten, on the suc- 
ceeding morning, I reported myself at head- 
quarters. I found the general engaged in 
convefsation with his chief-of-staff, and it 
affected my nerves not a little to find that it 
related to the Female Spy, who thus far had 
baffled all their efibrts at detection. The 
great rebel commander was evidently in ill- 
humor ; he animadverted severely upon the 

inefficiency of the detective force, and threat- 
ened a radical change in this department. 

' Some changes, I have no doubt could be 
made to advantage,' said the chief-of-staff; 
' but as a whole we have regarded them as 
an efficient body of men, zealous and loyal, 
and generally successful.' 

' And yet the most important piece of 
work they had to do has been a paifoct fail- 
ure,' replied the general. ' I find that all 
our plans are as well known to tlie federal 
commander as they are to ourselves. He 
knows our weak points and our strong ones ; 
and I have no doubt that he has an accurate 
estimate of our inadequate supplies of war 
munitions, and the number of days' subsist- 
ance that we have in our store-housea. All 
our attempts to get additional supplies and 
additional troops into the city have been 
frustrated by the knowledge and vigilance 
of our enemies. 

Until the spy came into our midst, every- 
thing went along satisfactorily ; now we ap- 
pear to be baffled in every movement we at- 
tempt. If matters progress this way much 
longer, our surrender must become inev- 

' I think we need be under no further ap- 
prehension from this mischievous spy,' re- 
marked the staff-officer ; ' for it is clearly 
evident to my mind that she has effected ker 
escape through our lines, and taken her bud- 
get of intelligence with her. ' 

' I am not so clear on that,' resumed the 
general ; ' at all events, if such is tlie fact, 
the detectives should not in any degree relax 
their efforts.' 

At this point in the conversation, an 
orderly appeared, and placed a despjtch in 
the hands of the commander, who broke the 
seal at once and perused its contents. 

' It is a note from Captain H -, an 

officer on picket duty infer unng me that a 
deserter, wearing the insignia of a major of 
the federal army, came into our lines last 

' A major ! ' ejaoulated the chief-of-staff. 



It is not frequent that an officer of so high 
a rank deserts.' 

' The letter further informs me,' resumed 
the general ; ' that he has sent the said de- 
serter, under escort, to the provost^marshal's 
headquarters for examination. Captain H. 
has acted prudently. The deserter shall be 
most thoroughly examined ; for who knows 
but he, too, is a spy ? If he is not, he will 
be able to communicate to us much informa- 
tion concerning the plans of the besiegers. 
Colonel, you will immediately cause an or- 
der 10 be sent to the provost-marshal for 
that officer to accompany in person this 
stranger here forthwith. I am impatient to 
hear what intelligence he brings ; and I de- 
sire your presence at the interview. ' 

The chief-of-staff forthwith retired, for the 
purpose of seeing the order duly executed. 

At that time, I was seated in a distant 
part of the room, apparently very intently 
engaged in perusing a newspaper. The 
general turned towards me and said : 

' Captain Temple, I have no special work 
for you to-day. However, on second 
thought, it is possible I may require your 
services in the course of the morning. 
Please remain within call about the quar- 
ters, for there is no knowing what an hour 
may bring forth. The countersign of the 
day is— "The Southern Cross.'" The 
latter he gave in a whisper. 

I arose and signified that I should be in 
readiness to perform any duty, and retired 
from his presence. 

I walked up and down the hall a few 
times, ruminating upon what I had heard. 
]My curiosity was greatly excited to know 
who this deserter could be ; and knowing 
that he must pass through the hall, I should 
be enabled to see him and perhaps recog- 
nise him. A major I What if he should 

turn out to be . I did not stop to think 

further, for I must not be recognized by 
him — and stepped out of the hall into a 
small apartment, the window of which over- 

looked the court-yard, through wliich visi- 
tors usually passed on coming and going. 

The couit-yard was now quite clear, and 
with the exception of the arrival or depart- 
ure of an occasional officer, there was noth- 
ing to attract my attention or obstruct the 
view interveninnr between the grand entrance 
and the building. 

Presently a carriage suddenly caraQ dash- 
ing througli the gate, and drew up directly 
beneath the window where I stood. 

The first to alight was one of the gener- 
al's aids, and after him the provost-marshal. 
Then an obese figure, clad in the uniform of 
a federal officer, holding his head as if he 
were ashamed of his blue habihments. ' Oh, 
my prophetic soul I ' I required but one 
glance at his features to satisfy all my curi- 
osity — the deserter was Major Jenefer ! 

Here was a dilemma. To meet him face 
to face — to be recognized, to be denounce<l 
by him — could not but result in my detec- 
tion. I weighed all the possibilities and 
probabilities. I had but recently come from 
the federal lines, and the general might 
summon me to take notes of the interview, 
or, perchance to ascertain if I had recognized 
him while at the federal head-^j^uarters. He 
would of course relate the adventure which 
brousrht him into disgrace with the federal 
commander, — and what then? I did not 
stop to discuss the matter further with my- 
self, but I darted out of this room, and 
quickly availed myself of the secret passage. 
3Iy egress was easy, and I was once more 
in the street, making my way with all pos- 
sible despatch towards my own private quar- 
ters, which I must quickly exchange for 

On arriving there, I found a note, evi- 
dently in a lady's hand writing, lying on my 
table. I broke the seal, and took therefrom 
a valuable diamond ring, and read as fol- 

' Accept this as a token of the ailectionate 
regai-d of M. M. May God protect and 
preserve you.' 



I placed the ring upon my finger, and 
summoning my excellent coadjutor and faith- 
ful friend, IMadame Ramsey, I informed her 
that I must immediately change my costume 
and also my quarters. I explained briefly 
the imminent .danger in which I stood, and 
the pressing necessity for carrying out these 
sudden copclusions of mine. 

She readily comprehended the situation, 
and bade me be ready in five minutes to ac- 
company her. I gathered up such of my 
papers as would be useful to me ; and de- 
stroying others, I left my room and rejoined 
Madame Ramsey in the hall below. She 
had donned a bonnet and shawl, and was 
ready to depart — whither I knew not. 

' Go not with me,' said she ; ' but where- 
ever I go, follow ; but at such a distance in 
the rear as may not attract attention, and 
not so far as to make it possible to lose sight 
of me.' 

I nodded an assent, and she opened a 
door at the rear of the house, and after 
crossing a garden, gained egress into a nar- 
row lane, which led towards the Vicksburg 
and Brandon railway station. I followed 
on as directed, and after crossing the rail- 
way, and ascending the hill" beyond, she 
turned into a street which seemed to be al- 
most, if not entirely depopulated, where the 
few houses which had escaped a severe con- 
flagration in that quarter, were actually rid- 
dled with heavy shot and shell. 

At this time there was not visible a per- 
son in this street besides my indefatigable 
guide and myself. At length she stopped, 
opened a gate of a once tenantable house, 
descended some steps leading to the base- 
ment, unlocked the door and entered. In 
less than two minutes afterwards I, too, de- 
scended those same steps, and in the base- 
ment found Madame Ramsey awaiting my 

' I could think of nothing better to be 
djone than to bring you hither, — a part of the 
city which is entirely deserted,' said she; 
' and, indeed, it is considered so dangerous, 

— being within range of the federal fleet — 
that but few persons venture here now. 
There is scarcely a room in the house, above 
this basement floor, that is habitable ; but it 
must answer for your place of refuge, until 
something better can be devised.' 

On my way hither I had made up my 
mind to assume another character, providing 
a disguise could be obtained. 

' I cannot remain long here in this lone- 
some place,' said I, in reply; 'hitherto I 
owe my safety more to boldly mixing with 
those who would gladly expose me, than in 
attempting to conceal myself; besides, it is 
essential to the grand object of my mission 
to be among those from whom information 
can be obtained.' 

' What do you propose ? ' asked Madame 

' I have thought of personating a country 
lad, — a verdant youth^ — and enlist forth- 
with in the rebel army. ' 

' You will find it a rough and unpleasant 

' It is my only alternative. A coarse, 
home-spun suit, a straw hat, and a wig, are 
what I require, and the rest I think I can 
readily make up.' 

' It shall be procured at once,' replied 
Madame Ramsey. ' But,' added she, hesi- 
tatingly, ' how do you expect to undergo the 
examination of a raw recruit ? ' 

' Unless the rebel recruiting officers are 
more particular than those of the West, I 
shall have but little to fear on that score. 
Physical examinations are " more honored in 
the breach than the observance," and I 
doubt not that the rebels are too much in 
need of soldiers to seek for defects which 
might lose them a recruit. Besides, there 
are women in the ranks of the federals whose 
sex have never been discovered.' 

The query of my kind auxiliary was cer- 
tainly a startling one, but my reply seemed 
to quiet her apprehensions. 

Accordingly, after enjoining upon me un- 
der no ordinary circumstances to show my- 



self outside of the premises, and to keep the 
door bolted on the inside, she departed on 
her errand. 

To remain alone in a deserted house for 
even a brief period was by no means agree- 
able to my feelings ; but contrasted with the 
cell of a prison or a guard-house, it was in- 
finitely to be preferred. I employed the 
first half hour of my voluntary imprisonment 
in visiting the various rooms of the house, 
from the basement to the attic. It was a 
mansion of no mean pretensions, but in its 
present state it seemed gloomy enough for 
the dwelling of a hermit. The furniture, 
with the exception of a few ricketty old 
chairs and a broken table, had been re- 
moved. Its last occupants had apparently 
been obliged to leave it so hurriedly, that 
they could not spare the time necessary to 
put it in a cleanly condition. 

The next hour I employed in looking over 
and arranging the papers that I had hastily 
gathered together at my late quarters, and 
adding some notes with a pencil, touching 
the appearance of Major Jenefer at the head- 
quarters of the rebel general, and other mat- 
ters of less note, — all of which being inten- 
ded for the officer whom I really served. 

I had scarcely finished when I heard the 
well-known tap of Madame Ramsey at the 
basement door. I hurried down, and in a 
moment more she had entered, and produced 
a parcel of clothing, which she unfolded to 
my \iew. She likewise had been consider- 
ate enough to bring me some refreshment, 
which she knew I must need, although I had 
not given the matter of food a single thought 
since I had eaten my breakfast, a period of 
between eight and nine hours. 

Before eating, however, I retired to a 
chamber, where I quickly metamorphosed 
myself from a dashing young staif-officer in- 
to a verdant looking plough-boy, of some 
seventeen or eighteen years of age, with a 
pair of eyes that had never been injured at 
Bull Run, and a knotted red wis, which 
looked as if it had dene much good service 

upon the caput of some * mad wag ' of the 
'sock and buskin.' A pair of hob-nailed 
shoes and a browned straw hat, rather the 
worse for wear, together with a pair of tow 
breeches and a blue jean frock or blouse, 
made up my unique costume. 

' How do you like, my appearance ? ' said ' 
I to Mrs. Ramsey^ assiiming an attitude 
that could not be regarded as a model of 

' 'Pon my word, I'd take my Bible oath 
that I never saw you before in my life ; and 
yet I have seen on market days, in this city, 
boys that looked very much like you,' she 
replied. ' You needn't fear that anybody 
has eyes keen enough to penetrate that dis- 
guise. If the recruiting officers aint too 
particular, your real character won't be sus- 

' Depend upon it, Madame, they will be 
glad enough to get a healthy looking recruit 
like myself; and they'll urge me to enroll 
my name without a question.' 

' And what then ? ' 

' Why, I shall be put into the awkward 
squad of course, for drill, when I shan't 
know my right foot from my left, nor two 
paces to the front from two paces to the 
rear, until I am taught. Oh, I shall put 
the drill-sergeant's patience to the test, you 
may be well assured, but I will report to 
you from time to time as favorable opportu- 
nities may offer.' 

At length, Mrs. Ramsey left me, with the 
understanding that I was to keep the key 
of the deserted house, to use in case of an 
emergency, and by no means to visit her 
house except at night. 

To avoid the possibility of compromising 
her with me — ^in case I should be discovered 
— I tarried in my house of refuge until she 
must have disappeared from the street. 
Then I went forth resolutely, and feeling 
confident that there were ninety-nine chances 
out of a hundred that I should not be rec- 
ognized, even by those who had known me 
as Capt. Temple of General P 's staff. 



• I sauntered • through the streets like any 
.country, bumpkin, or flat-boat boy, gazing 
into the thop windows and reading the 
■fcigns ; and it did not anger rae in the least 
when I met two Vicksbui:g belles, who ob- 
served me as I passed, and then hearing one 
say. to the other, ,' There goes a greeny ! ' 
and a.^mcrry laugh followed. It was not 
V^ery polite in them, but I suppose they 
couldn't help it. « 

Soon afterward I met several officers 
whom I had seen at head-quarters, but they 
took no notice of me whatever. 

Presently I came to a provision store — a 
small establishment for retailing meats and 
vegetables. There was a placard in the 
window which said — ' Boy wanted.' 

The proprietor eyed me with some inter- 
est, and then came to the door, and asked 
me if I would like the situation. 

' That be'z 'cordin to the work and the 
Vvages,' I replied, a sudden thought occur- 
ring to me that to accept the proffered place 
weuld be the most discreet thing I could do. 

' Are you much acquainted with the 
streets of the city ? ' 

' I reckon I be'z.' 

' Shouldn't wonder if you'd do, my lad,' 
replied the huckster. ' I want a boy to run 
errands in the mornin', tend shop in the 
forenoon, and in the afternoon his time's his 
own.' ' 

' That be'z not much to lam. How much 
wages will I be gittin ? ' 

' Thirty dollars a month, — in good con- 
fed'rit money.' 

' I'd make more by 'listin', and go a 
sogciin. I hearn that they give orful big 
bounties now.' 

'.Precious lictle bounty they'll give a boy 
o' your years. Besides, you'll stand a good 
chance of getting an ounce of Yank lead in 
yer hide.' 

' That's what I be'z 'fraid on. Now, if 
you'd gin me, say thirty-five dollars a 
month, I'll go into your sarvice and make a 
trial on't. Can't go for less, coz confed'rit 

money, I hearn tell, ain't wuth more'u half 

' It's good as gold, every rag of it ; but 
I'm so much in need of a sprightly boy to 
do my chores, that I'll accept your offer and . 
call it thirty-five, and you may come to- 
morrow morning.' 

' Can I leave if I duzn't like the busi- 
ness ? " 

' Certainly, and if you don't suit me I 
shall claim the right to discharge you with- 
out notice.' 

' That be'z fair, and I'll come bright and; 
airly. But I shall have to gin up my old. 
boardin' house way down to the end of the.- 
town, and get one right nigh here.' 

' There's a good and cheap place a few 
doors from here, kept by a good, honest 
Dutchman. Como with me, and I'll speak 
a good word for yer, for you look like an 
honest boy. ' 

' Oh, I be'z honest, sir.' 

The huckster closed the door, turned the 
key, and bade me follow him. 

' By the bye, you haven't told me your 

' Reuben.' 

' Is that your whole name ? ' 

' Jest one third on't. My name's Reu- 
ben Robert Randle. Sometimes I'm called 
Reub and sometimes Bob — I doesn't mind 
much which.' 

This was satisfactory to my new em- 
ployer, and he asked me no more questions. 
I followed him into a small Dutch inn, 
where he made my errafld known to the- 
landlord, and after a little bantering, the 
price of my board and lodging was fixed at 
six dollars a week, in advance. 

Having- first ascertained that I could have 
a decently clean room to lodge in, I took a 
receipted bill from mine host for one week's 
board, paying for the same in confederate 

The remainder of that day and evening I 
spent in my new quarters, making up a de- 
spatch in cipher, to be forwarded to the be- 



sieging coniinander by any possible expedi- 
ent that might suggest itself to :ny mind. 

On the following raorning I entered upon 
my duties ut the hucksters. During the 
early houi's he had a great many customers, 
the poorer of which carried away their pur- 
chases, while the gentry depended u|X)U hav- 
ing their baskets of provisions left at their 
several residences. 

By ten o'clock there was quite a formida- 
able array of baskets, each and all of which 
it was expected that I was to deliver, ac- 
cording to the direction given on the label. 

I had devoted myself so vigorously to the 
interests of my employer, that I had really 
some need of rest before commencing the 
most important part of my duties. How- 
ever, as most of his customers lived but 
short distances from the shop, I sat about 
the task with most commendable zeal, and 
by twelve o'clock, only two or three baskets 
remained. Of these one was addressed to 
Madame Crawford, No. — , street. 

I left this for the last ; in the meantime 
debating in my mind whether I would deliv- 
er it myself or hire some boy to perform the 
task for me. 

I finally boldly decided upon the former, 
and in a few minutes afterwards I was trudg- 
ing slowly towards that mansion, where I 
had been so generously entertained, and 
where I had spent one night at least in pain- 
ful anxiety. On reaching the door I met 
the familiar face of Chloo, who gazed at me 
v\-ith an expression of surprise. 

' Lor bress us ! Massa Plumer hab got 
.a new boy ! ' she exclaimed. ' Dat I spose 
am de raison why de purvisions didn't cum 
ufo'. I shuahly tought we'd hab no dinner 
to cook to-day.' 

' I cura'd as quick as I could ; but I be'z 
orful tired,' was my answer, drawing a long, 
heavy breath. 

' Poo' child ; sot yousef right down wile 
ole Chloe empties de basket ; an' I'll be as 
long as pos'ibly can 'bout t,' said she, good- 

naturedly. ' We shan't hal) dinner till late 
dis day, becase we got comp'ny.' 

' That be'z what I thought.' 

' IIow did you cum to tiuk dat ? ' 

' Whoy, the basket be so much more 
hefty than any I've carried yet.' 

' Poo' chile. It am fort'nate dat de ress 
were lighter. You muss li'lonti; to sum ob 
de poo' wite fooks, wot don't hal) no mass i 
nor missuses to look arterdem, and gib dem 
plenty ob wittles and close.' 

' You see I be workin' for a livin'. 

' Poo' chile. Wite fooks down lieah aint 
fit to work for a livin'. Wy don't you 'go 
list for a soger? you am moss big enuff,' 
she suggested. 

' I duzn't keer to be shot with a Yankee 
bullet,' I answered. 

' Wal, I tink if I was one ob' dem poo' 
wite fooks I shouldn't keer much if I war 
shot wid any kine of a bullet. I rader be 
shot dan starve to deff. Now, if you war 
ony a culud boy, an' had a good massa an' 
missus, how much better you'd be oft' in de 

' And be a slave ? ' 

' Am you any better dan a slabe now ? 
You hab got a massa now, an' you am doing 
de work ob a slabe.' 

' I can leave him when I be'z a mind to.' 

' Dat's de pint. Dat's wot's de matter. 
When you go way from him you muss get 
anoder massa or starve to deff. You am 
neber satisfied wid de same massa but a lit- 
tle wile at a time, an' you lose a good deal 
ob time runnin' arter new massas. Now de 
slabe hab one massa, an' he can't leabe him, 
so he lams to be content, an' if he behabe 
hesef, he hab eberyting he needs to hab to 
make dis life cumfut'ble. ' 

It was useless to combat Chloe 's singular 
reasoning ; but for all her attempts to de- 
fend the peculiar institution which held her 
in bondi'^-e, I before had good reasons for 
believing that underlying her expressed 
views, her deepest sympathies were with 
those who were attempting to emancipate 



h:'r race from the condition wliich she seem 
ed ST remarkably ■well satisfied with. 

I now received from her hands the empty 
basket, and tlianking her for allowing me 
to rest my.«erf in her kitchen, where she 
reigned supreme, I took my leave. 

On gaining the street, I met the gaze of 
Miss Marland, who was seated at the open 
window : and although I purposely permitr 
ted her to have a good view of my physiog- 
nomy, I saw not the slightest indication of 
recognition on her beautiful countenance. 

' You have done so well, young man, to 
begin with, that the rest of the day is yours,' 
said my employer, as I laid down the last 
empty basket. 

'I be'z very much obleeged to you, sir,' 
said I. 

'Well, how d'ye like your work? ' 

' I be'z very tired.' 

' It'll come easier you get used to't. ' 

I immediately repaired to my new lodg- 
ings, and after resting my weary body upon 
a lounge, I partook of a hearty dinner, and 
then sauntered out on a tour of observation. 

Pursuing my rambles I arrived at a small 
square, on one side of which was a recruit- 
ing office, and directly in front a squad of 
raw recruits going through their first exer- 
cises in marching, countermarching, and 
other movements, without arms. 

I seated myself upon a rude bench, as if 
interested in their awkward movements. 

Presently a recruiting sergeant, who, I 
perceived, noticed me from the first, ap- 
proached me and said, in very respectful 
terms, — 

' Well, my lad, how would you like to be 
a soldier ? ' 

' I be'z going to be one when I gets old 
enough,' I replied. 

' Why, you're old enough to be one now. 
What do you do for a living ? ' 

' I duz the errands for a provision shop, 
where I gits six dollars a week.' 

' That's nothing. If you will enlist, you 
will get twenty dollars a month, beside your 

rations, and a bounty of two hundred dol- 
lars, cash down, in good confederate money.' 

' Wlien duz you want me to list ? ' 

' Any time — now, if you like ; to-morrow, 
or next day.' 

' By jings ! I be'z almost a mind to. 
Duz you think I'm strong and healthy 
enough to be a soldier ? ' 

'You're the very picture of health.' 

' But I hevn't got no soldier clothes.' 

' Oh, but we shall give you a new, hand- 
some uniform as soon as you enlist.' 

' That's gin'rus, by jings ! I'll go right 
down and tell Mr. Plumer that he must get 
another boy to carry his baskets for him ; 
and 'fore to-morrow at this time I'll be here. 
But you'll hev the bounty money and soldier 
clothes ready for me, won't yer ? ' 

' You may rely upon them.' 

' Then I'm your — man.' 

After a few more questions and answers 
had passed between us, I left the recruiting 
station, and wended my way back, fully re- 
solved that to enlist in the rebel army was 
the safest course I could follow. 

On the next mornino; I was a^ain at 
the huckster's shop, when I informed Mr. 
Plumer that I had resolved to enlist in the 
army. He appeared not at all surprised, 
but regretted that he was to lose me, paying 
me, at the same time a very flattering com- 
pliment for the manner in which I had exe- 
cuted the duties of my place on the day be- 
fore. I reciprocated his kind words by 
offering to carry the baskets on that day, 
and that, as I was going away before my 
first week had expired, I should take no p; y 
for what I had done. 

He accepted my services, and I once moie 
went the rounds of his customers most dili- 
gently and faithfully. He offered me two 
dollars for my work, but I told him I should 
rather leave him with his good opinion than 
with a whole week's wages. He bade me, 
whenever I desired a favor, to make applica- 
tion to him, for I had acted like a good, 
honest boy. 



At the hour agreed upon I made my ap- 
pearance at the recruiting office, ^he ser- 
geant seemed highly pleased to see me, 
when he, -without delay, took me before the 
principal officer of the station, where the en- 
listment papers were readily made out, which 
I signed, and received in return the bounty 
money and a month's pay in advance. I 
was then taken into a store-room, and re- 
quested to select a uniform that would fit 
Die. This I did without any one's assist- 
ance, and soon exchanged my comparatively 
coarse garments for a complete private's uni- 
form of the army of the C. S. A. I then 
examined myself in a glass, not so much for 
the purpose of seeing how much my looks 
were improved by the change, but to satisfy 
myself that I did not in any manner resemble 
any other character than that I had assumed, 
except that of the huckster boy. I saw no 
reason to be dissatisfied wi.h my new exte- 
rior, and received the congratulations of the 
sergeant on my improved appearance. 

He accompanied me to the barracks near 
by, and requested me to select any one of 
the vacant bunks, to be used exclusively 
by me until I should be assigned to some 
regiment ; and after informing me that I 
could go whither I pleased until nine o'clock, 
that evening, he left me. 

On the following morning I was put into 
the ' awkward squad ' for my first lessons in 

the military art. 

Of course I appeared a perfect tyro. My 
toes, which turned in, had to be turned out ; 
my body, which inclined to stoop, had to be 
Htr:iigl)tcned up ; my shouldtrs, protruding 
to the front, had to be turned back; my 
head, which canted a little one side, had to 
bo set squarely on my shoulders. 

Then I had an awkward way of looking 
to the lef^, when the order was given ' eyes 
right,' and vice versa; then I forgot which 
was my right foot and which was the left, to- 
gether with other mistakes, which the drill 
officer declared, made me about the greenest 

subject for military instruction that bad ever 
fallen into his hands. 

Three times on that day I was called out 
to drill, and the same number of times ou 
the second. On the third day a musket 
was put into my bands, and I handled it 
alx)ut a.s awkwardly as did the man who had 
a fiddle put into his hands fur the first tiun. 

I was so afraid of dropping the breech 
thereof on my tender toes, that I was com- 
pelled to turn them in to avoid such a dreml 
calamity. In fact, the heavy weapon, in 
going through the manual, pioduced ugly 
contortions of my limbs and body, all of 
which had to be drilled out of me, and 
nought but graceful movements substituted. 

But I was an apt scholar, and l)y de- 
grees, became so tolerably well skilled in the 
school of the soldier, as to warrant my su- 
perior officer in transferring me xrom the 
awkward squad to a company, where I wns 
fnrther drilled, and finally transferred to a 
regiment then doing duty at Fort Pemberton. 

It was the post of all others that I would 
have cliosen for my military experience, for 
when I was at the head-quarters of the gen- 
eral-in-chief of the Federal forces, I had 
access to the diagrams of certain engineering 
operations which were going on outside of 
the walls of Fort Pemberton, operations 
which tlic general himis^lf fully explained to 
me in explanation of the drawings. 

This knowledge aided me greatly, at 
least on one occasion, which I shall present- 
ly relate. 




TuE crisis was approaching ; the day for 
the final struggle for the stronghold of Vick.s- 
bure: was near at hand. For seven days I 
had now performed the full duty of a pri- 
vate at Fort Pemberton ; I had done guard 
duty both by night and by day ; had prac- 
tised at the deep-mouthed cannon on the 



parapet; with the long-range rifle at the 
loop-holes ; and I was also instructed in the 
duty of throwing hand-grenades. 

During this period I had gained a half- 
day's furlough ; and I employed it in visit- 
ing Mrs. Ramsey, with the hope of finding 
in her possession some new instructions ; 
but in this I was disappointed, from which 
I inferred that her usual facilities for receiv- 
ing information from the other side of the 
lines had failed altogether. Indeed, it was 
inevitable that while I maintained the char- 
acter of a spy in Vicksburg, I must act ac- 
cording to such circumstances as might pre- 
sent themselves, and in accordance with my 
best judgment. 

After taking leave of my hitherto useful 
auxiliary, I directed my steps towards the 
mansion of Mrs. Crawford, with the hope of 
again seeing Miss Mar land, though the peri- 
od of her intended stay in the city had already 
expired. I had, before leaving my quarters, 
written a brief note, which it was my pur- 
pose to leave at the door of the mansion where 
she was sojourning, if I found that it was not 
practicable to gain a brief interview with her 

As good luck would have it, on approach- 
ing the house, I saw a negro emerge from the 
passage-way and cross the street ; and al- 
though it was nearly dark, I could not mis- 
take in in his person the faithful Cuffee. 
This fact convinced me that the lady had not 
yet taken her departure. I hurriedly ascend- 
ed the steps and rang the bell, as if I had 
been a common post-boy on his round. 

The bell was answered by a servant, to 
whom I made known the fact that I had a 
letter for Miss Marietta Marland, which I 
wished to deliver in person. 

The servant disappeared, and in a few 
moments the lady herself came to the door, 
and looked slightly agitated on beholding a 
soldier wearing the uniform of a private. 

' You have a letter for me,' said she in 
timid accents. ' It is from my cousin, Ma- 
jor Marland, I suppose ? Step into the hall.' 

' I have a letter, but it is not from him,' 
said I, advancing across the threshold. ' It 
is from Captain George Temple,' I added, in 
a whisper. 

' He is safe, I hope ? I she asked, in an in- 
audible voice. 

'I assure you, by this token, he is,' and 
I held up to her view the sparkling gem 
which I had received from her. 

' And in that dis 1 see it all. Oh, I 

am so glad that nothing serious has befallen 
him ! Come into the drawing room — there 
is no one there.' 

' No, Miss Marland, — ^you must not be 
seen tete-a-tete with a common soldier. I 
only came to ask you if either your aunt or 
cousin know anything of the history of George 
Temple, or if they suspect anything ?' 

* My aunt is in happy ignorance ; but the 
major has some inkling of the matter. He 
was here last evening, and told me that there 
had been quite an excitement at the general's 
head-quarters on account of the sudden dis- 
appearance of one of the stafi"-officers, — and 
it was suspected that he was in reality the 
Female Spy who had so troubled the wits of 
the » provost's entire force to detect.' 

* And they, I suppose, have no trace of 

' Not the slightest clue had been found 
up to last night ; and I have been praying 
to Heaven that all their efforts might prove 
unavailing. But oh ! it almost makes me 
shudder to know that you so boldly expose 

' It is by boldness that they have so fre- 
quently been led from the right path of pur- 

' And you are now a confederate sol- 
dier? ' 

' So it appears. From a raw recruit I 
have been drilled into quite an accomplished 
private in the ranks ; indeed, they have 
made me a corporal, and if I am with them 
a week longer, I am sure of being promoted 
to the dignity of a sergeant. ' 

' Your adventures are most wonderful ; 



but I cannot suppress a feeling of intense 
anxiety on your account. Every hour I 
have been apprehensive that I should hear 
the jubilant cry from the streets — "Arrest 
of the Female Spy ! ' " 

' Give yourself no uneasiness, Miss Mar- 
land,' I replied, confidently. ' Farewell ; 
for my furlough expires at nine o'clock, and 
I have yet a long vralk to take.' 

' But the letter ? ' 

' Oh, you will not want that now. I 
have told you all that there was in it, and 
much more, I assure you. So, farewell.' 

We embraced — kissed, and parted, and 
I then started off for Fort Pemberton, which 
I reached just before ' taps ' were beaten. 

Nothing of importance occurred on the 
following day besides the usual routine, ex- 
cept occasionally exchanging rifle shots, at 
long range, with the federal sharpshooters 
in the trenches ; and also in throwing an oc- 
casional hand-grenade over the parapet to- 
wards the innermost line of the besiegers' 

In the evening, most of those with whom 
I messed had obtained a furlough for the 
night ; the remainder were on guard duty, 
so that I was quite alone in that part of the 
barracks, which our messmates occupied in 

Here I found opportunity to devise a new 
means of conveying despatches into the en- 
emy's line, an,d I proceeded at once to put 
it into execution. 

I secured several hand-grenades, and hav- 
ing charged one of them in the manner 
which you, Col. Manly, have some knowl- 
edge of, I secreted it beneath the bunk I 
occupied, to be used only when a favorable 
opportunity should occur. 

On the second day subsequent to my 
visit to the city, there was considerable ac- 
tivity among the sharpshooters at the loop- 
holes of the fort; and from the parapets 
several were engaged in hurling hand-gren- 
ades therefrom, which, rolling down the 
bank would frequently explode in dangerous 

proximity to the federal sharpshooters in 
their intrenchnients. 

Having access to a field glass of one of 
the oilicers, I used it from so favorable a 
location that I could occasionally get a 
glimpse of the heads of the federal sharp- 
shooters, as they would be raised up for a 
moment, to obtain a shot at the soldiers on 
the parapet, whenever they exposed them- 
selves to hurl their lighted grenades. 

While thus intently gazing through the, I di.stinctly saw a tall rifleman leap 
from out the entrenchment and mount an 
embankment and throw himself upon the 
earth. I then saw a grenade whiz through 
the air towards him, but it burst too far 
above him to do him tlie slighest injury. 
Another rebel boldly mounted the parapet, 
and the blazing meteor was about being 
hurled from his hand, when he was shot 
through the heart by a bullet fired by the 
tall rifleman. Another moment, and the 
grenade exploded in his hand, and wounded 
two or three others standing near by. 

I then saw this daring rifleman leap to 
his feet and rush further up the embank- 
ment, and gain possession of a large rock 
which lay imbedded between the fort and the 
ditch he had left, and actually use it as a 
cover while performing his deadly work. 
But while performing this hazardous feat, he 
was greeted with a shower of bullets and 
grenades, besides the contents of a casemate 
gun. I, of course, anticipated seeing hira 
roll down the embankment a corpse, but an 
occasional puff of smoke convinced me that 
he had suffered no disabling injury. 

The face and figure of that bold man 
were familiar to me, and after a few mo- 
ments' thought, I said to myself, ' That's 
Zeke Longrange, the Michigan sharpshooter.' 

The sight of him was suggestive of a plan 
I had already matured. I hastened from 
the parapet to the casemates below, and 
thence wended my way so as to be the least 
observed, to my quarters at the barracks. 
They were at this hour completely deserted. 



I secured two grenades — one of which being 
the one that I had prepared for the convey- 
ance of my mail, and the other not having 
been tampered with. 

I bore them to the parapet, and select- 
ing a favorable point nearest the federal 
sharpshooter, lighted one of the grenades, 
and sent it whizzing over the embankment, 
but wide of any mark that could do any 

' Hyar, young man, be keerful how yer 
'spose yerself, or yer'll get a button-hole 
through yer jacket !' exclaimed a veteran 
eoldiei^^who was standing near me. 

' I'm bulletrproof,' I answered, as I light- 
ed the fuse of my iron mail-pot, and deliber- 
ately stood on the most exposed part of the 
parapet for several seconds, and then hurled 
the bogus projectile directly towards the 
Michigan sharpshooter. I saw it strike the 
earth within a ramrod's length of this brave 
man, and then obeyed the loud warnings of 
a dozen rebels not to make myself a target 
for the Yankees. 

I could distinctly perceive the harmless 
projectile I had thrown without the aid of a 
glass. A few minutes later I saw it drawn 
towards the sharpshooter with what I sup- 
posed to be the rammer of his rifle. He had 
gained possession of it, and I felt that it was 
in safe hands. Its fate you aU know. 

In some manner unknown to me, — per- 
haps it was mere conjecture — the rebels had 
gained knowledge of the mining operations 
which I knew were progressing towards Fort 
Pemberton. Tbey were, accordingly, coun- 
teriiining, but in a direction which I knew 
could effect but little ; and if they contin- 
ued it for a day or two longer, it would 
prove but a human hecatomb for all who 
were engaged in the work. 

The second of July, — in the morning — 
after a brisk cannonading between the fleet 
in the river and the batteries that had range 
of any of the vessels, the mine was sprung. 
A terrible, rumbling noise, — protracted for 
a few seconds like that of an earthquake, — 
shook the very earth beneath the feet of all 

dwellers in that city ; and simultaneously a 
heavy mass of earth was hurled high in the 
air, followed by dense columns of smoke 
which could only be compared to the break- 
ing forth of a volcano through a thick crust 
of earth and stone. 

A large section of the defences of Fort 
Pemberton was in riiins ! 

At the time the catastrophe occurred, the 
regiment to which I was attached was going 
through the evolutions of dress parade. For 
a few moments it seemed as if officers and 
men were completely paralyzed. The ranks 
were broken, and discipline was at an end. 

Then came the alarm — 

' The Yanks are coming ! the Yanks are 
coming ! The fort and city are to be car- 
ried by assault I ' 

The officers of our regiment attempted to 
muster the men into line again ; and after 
much effort they partially succeeded ; and 
then in a broken, straggling column, we 
were marched towards the ruins to meet the 
steadily and rapidly advancing federals. 

The irregular fight that succeeded over 
the debris of the falling fort I will not at- 
tempt to describe. The only part I took in 
it, except being in the way of everybody and 
everybody in my way, was on the broken 
parapet, when I discovered you. Colonel 
Manly, fighting desperately against fearful 
odds. It was then and there that I saw an 
athletic officer, after you had been disarmed, 
attempt to cleave your skull with a heavy 
sword. I could not resist the attempt to 
save you from being cut down by striking 
his sword-arm a blow that caused it to fall 
powerless by his side, even if my life were 
to be yielded up at the next moment. The 
result you well know. You prevented a 
rebel from slaying me, at the moment the 
cry of * Traitor ! ' sounded in my ears. 

' And Spy, too ! ' gasped another, who in 
the agonies of death had recocrnized me. 

I gazed in the direction whence this last 
denunciatory charge had come, and beheld 
a shapeless mass lying in the debris within 
ten feet of where I stood. 



It was the body of the deserter, Major 
Jenefer, with just life enqugh within it, as I 
conjectured, to give to that bloated face the 
uo'liest and most hideous contortions I had 


ever beheld. 

The sight caused me to shudder ; and 
just as I was withdrawing my gaze from the 
agonized wretch, T was suddenly seized by 
one of a party of rebels who had rallied, and 
in the melee I was struck to the earth, and 
trampled on by our fierce enemies. 

They probably thought me dead, or they 
would have made doubly sure of their work. 
A fainiing sensation had come upon me, and 
some minutes must have elapsed before I 
was enabled to raise my head. 

At length I heard tumultuous shouts, 
like those I heard at Shiloh and at Pitts- 
burgh Landing. They were shouts of vic- 
tory ! They gave me renewed strength, 
and r raised my head to behold the lower- 
ing of the rebel flag from its staflf, and the 
running up in its place the glorious stars 
and stripes of the Union. 

In a few minutes more you stood by my 
side, and I revealed myself to you. I was 
overjoyed ! My soul's gladness, however, 
soon gave way to sorrow, for you swooned 
at my feet, and I feared that you must have 
received some mortal hurt. 

Fortunately, at the moment, Zeke Long- 
range hastened to the spot, for he had seen 
his commander of that day's fight fall. 

' Oh, sir, help ! I know that you are a 
friend of this officer. I fear that he is mor- 
tally wounded ! ' I exclaimed. 

' Wbo mought you be, in that grey cov- 
erin' 1 ' he ejaculated. 

' Don't you know me ? I am the Vivan- 
diere I It was I who sent you that myste- 
rious grenade.' 

' Bars and wolverines ! That grenade 
was wuth the hull State o' Michigan. How 
fort'nit I didn't shoot yer. ' 

' Where's the surgeon "? ' I asked, as I 
bent over the prostrate form of my friend, 
endeavoring to ascertain his injuries. 

' IIo"s ^dt his hands full o' poor unfort*- 

nates,' replied Zeke. ' Fust come fust 
sarved is his way o' doin' business. It will 
be Colonel Manly 's turn next.' 

' Do you think he'll die ? ' 

' Die ! '- he repeated, solemnly ; ' die I — 
he mustn't die. He's got more lives than 
half a dozen common men ; ' and he* stooped 
down and commenced to search for a wound. 
' Thar's nothing like a sabre gash, nor a 
bullet hole, and his pulse is beatia' as reg- 
'lar as an eight-day clock.' 

' What can we do ? ' I asked. ' It 
won't do for him to lie here.' 

' How fort'nate. Thar comes one o' 
them amb'lances,' said he. ' Hello, driver, 
hold on ! here's a wounded officer wants a 
ride. Hurry up.' 

The driver halted at the foot of the 
mound of debris where we were standing, 
and signified his readiness to take the 
wounded man. 

' Here, beauty,' said Zeke, addressing 
me, * you bring that shooting-iron along ; 
but mind yer, handle it keerfuUy ; and I'll 
take keer o' this brave specimen of a man ; ' 
and Zeke proceeded to lift him in his 
brawny arras, which he did with as much 
ease as if he had been a child 

'Handle hiin carefully,' said I. 

* Don't yer bo 'larraed, beauty — I'll kerry 
him as tenderly as a she-bar would one o' 
her cubs. On'y you take good keero' that 
ar rebel-killer. I'd rather lose a leg than to 
hev any harm come to that ar we'pon.' 

He bore his burden with great care, and 
tenderly placed it in the ambulance, and 
after propping its head up with pillows, he 
looked to me for instructions where it should 
be borne. 

The most comfortable quarters, near at 
hand, that I knew of, were those of the 
commander of the fortress, who, by this 
time, was either a corpse or a prisoner, 

I led the way thither, the ambulance fol- 
lowing, accompanied by Zeke, who undoubt- 
edly felt that his services might be further 

The distance was not more than three or 



four bundled yards, and in a few minutes 
the vehicle halted in front of the quarters I 
had designated. 

Zeke, as before, took the unconscious 
man in his arms, and following me we were 
quickly in possession of the comfortable and 
even luxurious quarters so recently occupied 
by the post commandant. Tenderly the 
strong man laid his burden upon a couch, 
and then signifying his intention of going 
immediately in search of the surgeon-gen- 
eral, or one of his assistants, he hastened 
out of the apartment. 

Some fifteen minutes elapsed when he re- 
appeared, followed by the victorious general 
of the federal army. Doctor Glenfield, the 
surgeon-general — our surgeon — and little 
Harry Robeson ; the latter sobbing violently 
to learn that his superior officer had been 
struck down in the fearful onslaught amid 
the ruins of the fort. 

Our meeting was soon made all the hap- 
pier by the announcement of the skilful sur- 
geon that the patient was only exhausted by 
excessive fatigue. 

None expressed so much joy at this favor- 
able report as did Harry Robeson. 

' You are sure, doctor, that he will very 
soon recover V 

' Quite sure,' was the reply ; ' and if you 
doubt it, you may appeal to your former 
kind comrade and friend, the drummer-boy, 
— afterwards La Vivandiere, and more re- 
cently ' 

' The Spy of the Grand Army ! ' inter- 
rupted the usually reticent general, with 
marked emphasis, and with an expression of 
genuiny satisfaction resting upon his natur- 
ally stolid countenance. 

The "doctor's prediction was fully verified. 
Within the time named our patient had re- 
covered his senses, and was reported con- 

What followed immediately after your re- 
covery is well known to us all. And now. 
Colonel Manly, the story of my adventures 
as the ' Spy of the Grand Army,' as the 
general seemed pleased to call me, isat an 

end. I know that some of the incidents bor- 
der on the marvellous, and almost stagger 
the belief, but should we be so fortunate, in 
the future, to meet the more prominent char- 
acters that have figured with me in my ad- 
ventures, enough may be substantiated to 
convince and confirm in your minds the truth- 
fulness of my narrative." 

" Think not, Virginia, that I have enter- 
tained a doubt in regard to any incident you 
have related," said Colonel Manly, gazing 
upon the brave girl with almost idolatrous 
eyes. " Indeed, too much has already been 
corroborated to satisfy me that your eventful 
romance is no fiction.' 

" Promise me, Virginia, that you will not 
act the part of a spy any longer," said HaiTy 
Robeson, who had listened with most intense 
interest to the entire narrative. 

" I give you my word, dear Harry, that 
I will not," replied Virginia. 

" And you will not leave us again ? " said 
Harry, anxiously. 

" Not unless I am ordered by my colonel 
or general," was her reply. 

" Then my orders are, Virginia, that you 
remain with the regiment in your former 
character of Vivandiere ; and if the general 
should order you to another post of duty, I 
shall most solemnly protest," said I. "Hark ! 
there comes the doctor again ; I know his 

" And so do I," added Virginia. 
Doctor Glenfield now made his appear- 
ance. He was warmly welcomed, although 
we had no further need of his professional 
services. He appeared to be in a state of 
great agitation, and he no sooner seated him- 
self in a comfortable chair than he arose 
again, and after pacing to and fro the room, 
and gazing out of the window, he reseated 
himself, glancing his eye, nervously, first at 
Virginia, and then at me. 

" W^hat is there that's new, doctor 1 " 
" Nothing particular — nothing very par- 
ticular," he replied. " The weather is de- 
lightful — a walk in the air would be bene- 
ficial to your health, colonel." 



"I shall benefit by your advice early to- 
morrow morning." 

" By the by, colonel, Major Jenefer breath- 
ed his last about two hours ago," said the 
surgeon. " I never saw a man cling to life 
with such tenacity. When he first came 
into my hands, I judged there was not an 
hour's life in him, and yet he has survived 
until to-day." 

" Did he express any regret for having 
deserted ? " 

" Not the slightest. He justified his con- 
duet and glorified in it until the last. He 
cursed our general — cursed you, colonel — 
cursed Miss Virginia — and would have curs- 
ed me if I had not relieved hira of the bod- 
ily pains he was writhing under. He was a 
singular compound of bombast, villany, and 
audacity, and yet he was as arrant a coward 
as ever turned back on the enemy. But he 
had one remarkable faculty — INIemory. He 
could remember everything that he had ever 
read, heard, or seen — especially could he re- 
member /ace^. No disguise was sufficient 
to prevent his penetrating through it. He 
told me some things which fairly startled me. " 

" Such as " 

" I may tell you some time, colonel, but 
not now — not now. I must be off to the 
hospital. Many a poor fellow is impatient 
to see me. My fighting don't come till 
after the battle is over ; then I have to fight 
with Death's messengers in every form. 
]\Iy weapons are the probe, the saw, the 
scalpel, bandages, lint, drugs, &c. Some- 
times I get vanquished ; but more frequently 
I am the vanquisher. So good morning." 

" Call again soon, doctor," said I. 

" At the first leisure moment," he re- 
phed, hurriedly, and he was ofi^. 

" What can have got into the doctor? " 
said I to Virginia, who was gazing out of 
the window, seemingly in a fit of abstraction. 

" Did you observe anything very pecu- 
liar ? " she asked. 

" Didn't yo«?" 

" He did have more to say than usual, I 
believe," repUed Virginia. 

" You believe ! Why, I never heard 
him run on at such a rate before ; and then 
he was .so excited ; so nervous — and his 
face was all aglow with expression, or in- 
spiration, it might be termed. Something 
has turned up which touches him nearly. 
Why, I've regarded hira as one of the most 
imperturbable of men. I have seen him 
dress a wound on the battle-field, when the 
shot and shell fell so thickly around him 
that it seemed as if the stoutest heart would 
have quaked with terror ; and yet he would 
perform his professional duty with as much 
coolness as if he had been in a hospital." 

" How rare it is to meet with a surgeon 
of his professional and other commendable 
qualities in the army," was Virginia's com- 
plimentary addition to my panegyric. 

" He is one among a thousand, I do be- 

The conversation was here intcrrup';ed by 
the announcement that an officer of the gen- 
eral's stafi" wished to communicate with Col- 
onel Manly. I dbected my orderly, Harry 
Robeson to ask him to come in. After a 
few moment's absence he returned, saying 

that Col. P regretted that his duties 

would not permit him to pay his respects to 
Col. Manly at that time. Harry then 
,placcd in my hands a sealed despatch that 
he had received from the officer's hands, 
which, on opening, I found, to my surprise, 
that my regiment was expected to be in 
readiness to embark for New Orleans within 
twenty-four hours. 

" To New Orleans," I remarked to Vir- 
ginia. " What ^ay you to that? " 

" It is an order, is it not ? " 

" Certainly." 

" Then your regiment is to go to New 
Orleans. Nothing can be plainer," said she. 

"And you?" 

" Do I not belong to the regiment, col- 

" Of course, Virginia; but then you are 
really not obliged to go if it be not your 

" It is my desire and pleasure, colonel, to 



go wherever my regiment goes, providing 
Harry Robeson goes too." 

" Then we will all go — Aunt Clemmy 
included. We shall have no fighting down 
there. I suppose the general thinks our 
thrice-decimated regiment has seen quite 
enough of fighting service for the present." 

Weak though I was, I immediately sat 
about giving the necessary orders to my 
subalterns to be in readiness to embark on 
board of a transport steamer the next day 
for the Crescent City. These orders were 
carried into effect, and within the twenty- 
four hours we marched out of our Vicksburg 
quarters for the landing, and in less than 
two hours afterwards the regiment, and all 
appertaining thereto, were moving down the 
Father of Waters at the rapid speed of 
eighteen knots an hour. 



The four hundred miles' journey down 
the Father of Waters was accomplished with- 
in twenty-four hours. Our disembarkation 
immediately took place, and on repairing at 
head-quarters, I was ordered to march my 
regiment to Jackson Square, and there pitch 
our tents ; where, besides the ordinary routine 
of camp duty, we had but trifling service to 

My military family consisted, as before, 
of the Vivandiere, Harry Robeson, and 
Aunt Clemmy, and quarters were furnished 
us in a house of no mean pretensions front- 
ing on the square. Our most constant visi- 
tor was Doctor Glenfield, whom we always 
received as a welcome guest. But " a 
change had come over the spirit of his 
dream." He was no longer that reticent, 
quiet man, whom we had known at Pitts- 
burg Landing, at Shiloh, and at the siege 
of Vicksburg. That expression of abstract 
thoughtfulness, commingled with a tinge of 
melancholy, had disappeai-ed from his noble, 
handsome countenance. He had become 
entertainino; in conversation, aoreeable in his 
manners ; and he seemed to take especial 

pains iti enlivening us all with a profusion 
of jokes, anecdotes, and amusing stories. 

What had brought about this radical 
change in the doctor's spiiits was as much a 
mystery to me as it must be to those who 
have followed me thus far in my narrative. 
To Virginia he was respectful, — never 
familiar ; and as yet I had never known 
them to exchange a word that was not for 
my ear also ; and I had never known them 
to be together a moment when I was not 
present. Whenever he called, if I hap- 
pened to be absent, he would not venture 
across the threshold. Altogether, the doc- 
tor was rather an enigma to me — an enigma 
that I had determined to solve whenever a 
favorable opportunity offered. 

He was engaged to dine with us one Sun- 
day afternoon, but when the hour arrived he 
failed to make his appearance. We waited an 
hour and then sat down to dine without him. 
The evening passed away and he did not 
appear. More than once I had made up 
my mind to send to his quarters, which were 
half a mile distant, but Virginia felt assured 
that there was no necessity for evincing so 
much anxiety in regard to our medical friend, 
and I abandoned the idea. The following 
day had nearly passed, when, no tidings hav- 
ing been heard from him, I despatched 
Harry Robeson to make enquiries for the 
doctor at his head-quarters, if he should 
chance to be absent when he arrived there. 
Not more than twenty-five minutes had 
elapsed, when Harry returned with the ter- 
rible tidings that Doctor Glenfield had been 
attacked on the evening previous with the 
yellow fever. 

Virginia and myself had just sat down to 
our evening meal as Harry entered. I 
arose hastily from the table, and said, 

' ' I cannot partake of a mouthful of food 
until I have seen my suffering friend." 

I immediately donned my cap, and was 
about to rush from the house, when Aunt 
Clemmy placed her stout ebony figure be- 
tween me and the door, and exclaimed, in 
great trepidation, — 



" Oh, massa colonel ! don't go down dar ! 
for hcabcn's sake ! You cotch dc yaller 
feber, shuah ; den it am all up wid you.' 

" But it's my friend, the doctor, who's 
sick. I nmst go,' said I. 

" Golly, massa, you'll cotch it and die 
shuah. Da'rs plenty yaller feber doctors to 
take care ob good Doctor Glenfield. He'll 
be berry sorry to see you dar, for I know 
he lubs you as a brudder. What good can 
you dodar? No good, as shuah as you alibe." 
However, I made a compromise with her 
to this effect : I would go no farther than 
the door of his quarters, and make enquiries 
regarding his condition, and make it my 
business to see that he had the best medical 
and other attention that the necessities of 
his case might require. She suggested go- 
ing herself, but I would not listen to any 
such proposition. Finally, after giving me 
a world of caution, I rushed from the house 
and made my way thither with all haste. 

On reaching the door of our surgeon's 
quarters, I met with an assistant of his just 
coming out. 

" How is the doctor?" I eagerly asked. 
" He is not very well this morning." 
" Has he good medical attendance ! " 
" The doctors are yet undecided." 
" Can I be of service to him ? " 
" I think not ; all will be done that can 
be. Should there be any change, either 
favorable or unfavorable, I will send a mes- 
senger to you." 

" Do so, and merit my sincerest thanks," 
I replied, and turned reluctantly away. 

On reaching the encampment of my regi- 
imeut, a lieutenant saluted me, and informed 
me that there was a stranger in camp en- 
quiring for the colonel. 

" Who is he ? What is his name ? " 
" He did not tell me. He is an elderly 
man, and has the appearance of being a gen- 
tleman," was the answer. " Ah ! there he 
is now talking with Longrange, the sharp- 
shooter. He is now coming this way." 

must ask you to permit me to remain incog- 
nito for the present; but we can be just as 
As the stranger approached, I had an op- 1 friendly in our intercourse, nevertheless." 
portunity to judge of him, so far as outward " Certainly, sir, if you desire it. Walk 

appearances go. He was a man of medium 
stature, some fifty-five or sixty years of age, 
with a full grey beard and grey hair, neatly 
trimmed. He wore a civilian's dress, — 
each article indicating that he was a gentle- 
man ; and in his hand he carried a gold- 
headed cane. As he came nearer I saw 
that a benevolent though somewhat sad ex- 
pression rested upon his countenance. 

" This is Colonel Manly, sir, for whom 
you have enquired," said the lieutenant, by 
way of introduction. 

He halted, looked me in the face for a 
moment, and then, stepping forward, he ex- 
tended his hand, saying, — 

" I am most happy to meet you, colonel." 

I took the proffered hand, and said : 

" I'venotthehonor of knowing you, sir." 

" How should you '? I am a stranger in 

this city, and an utter stranger to you ; but, 

nevertheless, I am glad to have found you, 

and hope to make your further acquaintance." 

" But, sir " 

" I know what you would say, colonel; 
but I bear with me a brief passport to your 
kind consideration from one whom you e.s- 
teem highly ; " and the stranger took from 
his pocket book an unsealed letter, which he 
placed in my hands. 

It was addressed to me, and its contents 
were briefly as follows : 

"Colonel M.\nly: — 

De.\r Sir, — I commend to your kind 
offices this gentleman 

(Signed) U. S. G. , Maj-General." 

I read it over twice, thrice. " Tids gen- 
tleman! " That's very queer, I said to 
myself. I looked into his benevolent face 
inquiringly, but as he made no answer, T 
essayed to speak : 

" But there is no " 

" I know what you would say," he re- 
marked, interrupting me quickly; "but never 
mind that now; for prudential reasons I 



with me to my quarters, where we can con- 
verse without interruption." 

He accepted my invitation, and I escort- 
ed him to my private room at my quarters. 
As I entered the house, I noticed that no 
member of my little military family was 
there to give me the usual greeting ; but sup- 
posing that they were about the premises 
within call, I dismissed the matter from my 

" Your countenance is not unfamiliar to 
me, though I do not remember ever having 
seen you until to-day," remarked the stran- 
ger, as he seated himself in the chair which 
I drew up for him to the centre-table, and fix- 
ing his gaze with an interested expression 
upon my face. " Singular — very singular." 

After this there was a silence maintained 
for some moments. I was waiting for him to 
open his business, or at least for him to tell 
me who and what he was, for I did not ex- 
actly relish the idea of entertaining a guest 
whose name I did not know, and whose face 
I had never seen, notwithstanding his cre- 
dentials from the general. 

At length he resumed : 

" Colonel Manly, for some eight months 
I have been in search of two young persons 
in whom I am very deeply interested. I 
have travelled several thousands of miles, 
visiting the various military posts, east, west, 
north and south, making diligent enquiries, 
and employing others to assist me, but thus 
far I have totally failed of my object. In 
a recent interview with the federal general 
of the department of the Mississippi, he 
veiy kindly referred me to you, without 
stating a solitary reason therefor ; but the 
reference was made in a manner that led me 
to believe that he knew more than he was 
willing to communicate. 

" Indeed — this is very singular," I re- 

" Let me first inform you, colonel, that 
the eldest of these persons is a young lady, 
and the other a youth scarcely fifteen years 
of age." 

" What are their names?" I asked. 
" That question I will answer presently. 
The young lady is my adopted daughter, 
who, to avoid marrying a rich gentleman, 
whom I had selected as her suitor, renounc- 
ing him for a lover to 'me unknown, sud- 
denly left her home, and on the next day 
was followed by my boy, the youth of whom 
I have spoken. He was fondly attached to 
his foster sister, and could not endure her ab- 
sence. To be with her was the only motive 
he could have had for deserting his home. 
Twice, in the course of my travels I thought 
I had gained a clue to their whereabouts, but 
on following it up was doomed to disappoint- 
ment. I advertised for the young refugees 
in several leading papers, in different cities, 
not only ofiering a generous reward for in- 
formation concerning them, but also, if the 
advertisement should chance to meet the eye 
of my adopted daughter, that, if she would 
return, not only to forgive her for opposing 
my wishes and deserting her home, but to 
'permit her in the future to be the mistress of 
her own heart. But no response ever came 
to me from this general publicity of my be- 
reavement — a bereavement which I assure 
you has caused me such continued anxiety 
and grief, that happiness has become an en- 
tire stranger to me. I know that I was 
harsh to my adopted child ; and if Fate has 
ordained that I shall never behold her more, 
she wiU forgive me, as I have long since for- 
given her. 

The stranger paused in his speech, for bit- 
ter tears now coursed down his furrowed 
cheeks, and his violent sobbings caused him 
to falter in his speech. 

" I deeply sympathize with you, and may 
a kind Providence lead you to their place of 
refuge, and restore them to you," I re- 

" If living — if living ! " he repeated om- 
inously. " In these days of national ca- 
lamity there will be many lost ones whose 
fates never will be known." 



'• Be liopeful, my dear sir; and if I can 
be of the Jeast service to you, command me." 

" That I liave yet to learn. Why should 
your general send me on a journey of six 
hundred miles to see you, Colonel Manly, 
if you possess no knowledge of these young 
fugitives? " 

" How should I have knowledge when I 
do not know even their names ? " said I, en- 

" True — very true. On that point I will 
keep you in the dark no longer. In the 
first place let me tell you that ray name is 
Warland — Augustus Warland ! " 

" Merciful God ! I exclaimed, starting up 
as if a bright revelation had been suddenly 
opened to me from the eternal world. ' ' Au- 
gustus Warland!" I repeated. "Were 
you ever in Galena, Illinois 1 " 

" Yes — many years ago — it was there I 
adopted the infant daughter of my dear old 
friend, Harrison B. Manly — by the way, a 
namesake of yours, colonel ! " said he, with 
a startled look. 

" And you afterwards resided at Cairo ? " 
I asked eagerly. 

" For one season — until a flood drove me 

" And your adopted daughter's name 

" Isabel Manly Warland I But why are 
you so strangely excited, colonel?" 

'•Excited?" I cried. " By Jove ! I 
ought to be wild with joy ! For know you 
that Harrison B. Manly was my fatuer ! 
and your adopted daughter, Isabel Manly, 


It was now Mr. Warland's turn to be 
surprised ; and I suppose for a few minutes 
we both acted like a pair of wonder-strick- 
en enthusiasts. He, however, was only as- 
tonished, while I was delighted to have dis- 
covered the foster-father of my dear sister. 

" But why this excess of joy, when your 
sister is still missing? " he enquired. 

" Ah, sir," I replied, "you arej^et to be 
told of the many days and weeks I have 

spent in A^ain endeavors to find you ; and 
now, after the lapse of years, yon appear 
suddenly before me. Is not that something 
to be joyful for? But tell me, Mr. War- 
land, what is the name of your missing 
son ? " 

" Henry Robeson Warland ? " he replied. 

"Robeson!" I exclaimed ; "excuse me 
but for a moment, sir." 

I rushed out of the room, and cried — 

"Harry! Virginia? AuntClemmy?" 
No response was heard, JMy quarters 
seemed, for the first time since I had occu- 
pied them, to be entirely deserted. What 
could it mean ? I had a strannje niisfrivinG: 
that something serious had happened — per- 
haps they had deserted rae forever ! and at 
a time, of all others, that would be crushine: 
to the great hope that had so suddenly been 
born within me. 

At length I heard Aunt Clemmy's shuf- 
fling footsteps approaching, and she quickly 
entered, looking as if she'had been running a 
foot race, for big drops of perspiration oozed 
from her ebony brow, and her respiration 
was so heavy that for some moments she 
could not utter a word. 

She threw herself into a chair, and began 
fanning herself violently. 

" Why, what's the matter. Aunt Clem- 
my ?" I enquired. 

" Wal, I neber — in all my born days — 
massa colonel — seed anoder — sich a gal- 
as my young missee," she replied, puffing 
out her bi'oken sentences with great efibrt. 

" Where is she ?" I demanded. 

" She wufl do it — she wud go — down 

"Go, where?" 

" Why, ob course, down dar — whar you 
went — to see dat poo' doctor wot's 'tacted 
wid de yaller Jack, yer know." 

' ' You do not mean to say that Virginia 
has gone where you objected to my going ?" 

" Ees, sah, massa — she gone, shua — went 
while I wur beggin' ob you not to go — right 
down dar — whar de feber am ragin' — poo' 
missee — hope she cum out alibe ! I'd rader 



Lab forty doctors die than one Wirginy. — 
I ciidn't be'p it — twasn't my fault — I fol- 
lowed her dough — couldn't cotch her. She 
am younger an spryer dan ole Aunt 

" Where is Harry Robeson?" 

" He went down dar, too ; but dey did'nt 
lef him in. I tole him to come home wid 
me. But he say he muss wait for Missee 
Wirginy. Dey'll come back soon, shauh. ' ' 

I began now to reproach myself for listen- 
ing to the good-hearted old servant, other- 
wise I might have prevented Virginia from 
exposing herself to the terrible contagion. I 
resolved to excuse myself to Mr. Warland 
and hasten to the sick doctor's quarters, and 
insist on their returning at once. 

" Mr. Warland," said I, on returning to 
my apartment; " I think I know something 
of the young refugees you are in search of ; 
but I shall be obliged to leave you for, per- 
haps, half an hour. I particularly desu-e that 
you will remain until my return ; and in- 
deed, I cordially invite you to tarry at these 
quarters as our guest as long as you sojourn 
in this city." 

" But I have taken quarters at the St. 
Charles," said he. 

" Never mind that ; I will at once des- 
patch a messenger for your luggage. I 
am well knowh to the landlord." 

" You are very kind, colonel, but " 

" Nay, Mr, Warland, I will listen to no 
objections. You must be our guest," I in- 

At this moment I heard a sweet, silvery 
voice in the vestibule, saying — 

*• It's all right. Aunt Clemmy. The doc- 
tors have decided that he has no symptoms 
of the yellow fever. Haven't they, Harry?" 

" Yes," replied the boy. 

*' De lor be praised !" exclaimed the ne- 

I i-ushed out of the room, and in the exu- 
berance of my joy I actually embraced and 
kissed the Vivandiere, a familiarity I had 
never before dared to indulge in. She was 

somewhat startled at my rudeness, but 
seemed not offended. 

" Oh, you have so frightened me ! How 
dared you be so reckless of your own dear 
self? There is no protection from the fear- 
ful contagion ! " I exclaimed. 

" Yes, but there is, colonel," she replied, 
turning her eyes reverently upward, and 
raising her right hand ; " there. A kind 
Providence watches over me." 

"I feel and most reverently believe it," 
said I, as I gazed upon her almost seraphic 
countenance. " Our kind doctor then is 
better ?" 

" Oh, yes. At first his medical advisers 
thought they detected symptoms of the dread- 
ed fever ; but before I left him those symp- 
toms disappeared. They now pronounce 
him convalescent, and declare that he will 
be quite well after a night's repose. 

" This is, indeed, joyful intelligence. But 
come into my room, Virginia ; and you, too 
Harry. I have a guest there who will be 
much pleased to see you." 

" In this costvxme ? Shall I not change 
my dress ? " she asked. 

" By no means. I am curious to see if 
you can be readily recognized in your pretty 
Vivandiere uniform." 

" Well I'm not ashamed of it," said she, 
as she accompanied me into the presence of 
my guest, followed by Harry Robeson. 

" This is Virginia Graham," said I, wish- 
ing to test Mr. Warland's penetration. 

He arose quickly from his seat, gave one 
glance at the Vivandiere, and without utter- 
ing one word, stretched forth his hands 
eagerly towards her. 

Virginia rushed towards him, and fell 
upon her knees before him. 

" Oh, father, forgive me ! " 

Simultaneously, Harry Robeson was by 
her side, craving the same forgiveness. 

" Forgive you, my children ! " he essayed, 
bursting into a flood of joyous tears ; " yes, 
a thousand times. Rise, and let me em- 
brace you both. God is kind. He smiles 


upon us. Oh ! this is happiness 
pays me for all I have suffered." 

I stood and looked upon this heaven of 
h\hs with unutterable emotions. Such an 
exhibition of affection I had never witnessed. 
An age of joy was condensed into those few 
moments of inexpressible rapture. 

" Oh, my children, my children ! you will 
never leave me more ! " he continued, after 
his transports had subsided. " Ah, I had 
forgotten. Isabel, there stands Colonel 
Manly. Go and embrace him. He's a 
noble fellow ! " 

" Embrace Mm, father ? " she said, tim- 
idly, and hesitating. 

"I said — embrace him. Why not? He 
is the best friend you have iu the world — 
except me." 

" But, father, you forget; he has a dear 
wife, and she ought to be happy in his faith- 
ful love," she replied, blushingly, and in 
soft accents. 

" Yes," cried the old man, cheerily ; " and 
he has a dear sister, too. Isn't your name 
Isabel Manly ? And isn't his name Manly, 
too ? I tell you to rush into his arms ; for 
he is your brother ! " 

"My — my brother'^ Oh, what bliss ! " 
she exclaimed, as she threw herself forward 
into my arms, and for some moments we 
were clasped together, and exchanging in- 
numerable kisses. 

"Oh, my sweet sister, I now understand 
why I have so deebly loved you from the 
first moment I beheld you." 

" And I, too, my good, kind brother, 
know why I have conceived so great an af- 
fection for you ; why I have so often prayed 
to Heaven to guai-d and protect you ; why 
I prevented you from becoming a Spy ; 
why, in your presence, I have known only 
unalloyed happiness. And when I shall 
have seen your dear wife — my darling sis- 
ter — I shall make her so happy by telling 
her how faithful you have been to her, how 
much she is beloved by you." 

" I apprehend she would not have thought 

It re- 

so, my darling Virginia — I mean my dar- 
ling Isabel — had she discovered how devot- 
ed we have been to each other. Possibly we 
may be the first to inform her of our dear 
intimacy, for I antif^ipate her arrival in New 
Orleans before another week has pas.sed." 

" You don't mean oh, joy, joy ! But 

you didn't tell me of this, brother !" cried Is- 
abel, almost dancing with delight. 

" No, darling ; I intended to give you an 
agreeable surprise," I replied; " but I m.ay 
myself be disappointed. She has often ex- 
pressed a wish to visit me in camp, but I 
have resolutely opposed it, owing to the per- 
ilous positions in which our army has been 
placed; and, also, because of detentions and 
other difficulties incident hitherto to travel- 
ling. But since the Mississippi is opened to 
steamers carrying our flag, by the reduction 
of Port Hudson and Vicksburg, and since 
there is no probability of our immediately 
being ordered to a more active and danger- 
ous scene of operations, I have written to her 
to come to New Orleans by the first favora- 
ble opportunity. That she will avail herself 
of it I feel quite certain." 

"Of course she will, brother; what a 
happy family we shall be," said she, in a 
girlish ecstacy. 

' ' You forget, Isabel, that you and Harry 
must not keep me from home many days 
lonsrer," said Mr. Warland. 

"Yes; but you forget, too, father, that 
Harry and I belong to the Grand Army ! " 
answered the Vivandiere, proudly. " We 
captured Vicksburg, didn't we, Harry ? " 

" Every body says that you did, 'Bel," 
answered the boy; " I heard some soldiers, 
yesterday, talking about the ' ' Heroine of 
Vicksburg." I asked Zeke Longrange who 
they meant? Said he — " They mean the 
Vivandiere of our regiment, to be sure." 

" Bravo, Harry," said I. "If the credit 
were to be given to any one, where all were 
heroes I think the services of the Spy of the 
Grand Army entitle her to that great honor. " 

"Except our general," suggested Harry.'* 



" Yes, we'll agree to that exception," 
8aid I. 

" Can it be possible that you, Isabel, 
were the Spy that is so much talked of at 
Vicksburg ? " asked her foster-father. 

" I believe I performed a little service 
in that line," she modestly replied. 

" How dared you be so reckless ? But 
first tell me what induced you to run away 
from home ? " 

" There were three reasons, father : In 
the first place, I wished to rid myself of the 
importunities of that returned Californian, 
with his bags of gold, and his bricks of 
silver, whom you seemed determined that I 
should marry. Secondly, I confess, I loved 
another," she continued ; " one to whom my 
love was pledged when I was at school, and 
only fifteen years of age." 

'Ah! who can that be ?" asked the old 

" Don't father, don't press that question 
now. You shall know at the proper time ; 
and I shall gain your consent to marry him, 
too. He's a man of brains, for which I have 
more respect than a mere man of gold and 

" Well, what was your third motive ? — 
We will waive the other subject for the 
present, as you appear to desire it." 

" My third was, after all, the grand incen- 
tive that led me to commit a very unfilial 
act," replied Isabel, in tones of solemn se- 
riousness. " You may regard it as very 
silly and fantastic, but I could no more resist 
its influence than I could resist loving my 
brother from the first time I saw him. In 
the early part of this terrible war, I had a 
vision, a dream, a revelation, — or call it 
what you will — to enact certain parts in the 
greatest military drama the New World had 
ever seen. 

I was reclining upon a couch one after- 
noon, in the month of September, 1861, 
reading a federal newspaper, containing ac- 
counts of certain great military operations 
which were in progress, when, suddenly, I 

heard, as if in the distance, patriotic strains 
of martial music, and I saw a mighty host 
in column, — glistening with all the panoply 
of war — and marching in good order ; but 
so far distant from me , that they seemed 
scarcely Lilliputian in size. I beheld the 
van, the centre, and the rear, pass distinctly 
in view before my eyes, and saw one after 
another disappear through a thick wood, and 
then re-appear upon an open plain. It 
gladdened my heart to see that their flagn 
were red, white and blue, and that they had 
all the stripes and all the stars. 

"Then I beheld — arrayed upon the op- 
posite side of the field — another mighty host 
of armed men, and I heard therefrom strains 
of music, volatile, discordant and spiritless, 
commingled with boasting cries and infernal 
anathemas. Their flags flaunted ungrace- 
fully in the pure air of a bright summer 
morning, and they seemed dwarfed, and but 
an ill-devised burlesque upon the heaven- 
bom banner of our great republic. I then 
heard the thundering of mighty artillery, the 
rattling of musketry, the clashing of sabres, 
the cries of the wounded, and the yells and 
shouts of the combatants. The scene was 
soon veiled from my sight by a dense cloud 
of smoke. Anon it cleared away, and I saw 
only the battle-field, strewn with the dead 
and dying men, and detachments of soldiers 
either burying the slain, or bearing away the 
wounded. I saw a drummer-boy bearing 
his wounded companion upon his shoulder 
to the rear. Anon, the drummer-boy was 
changed into a Vivandiere, and later into a 
spy, sojourning in the enemy's country ; but 
I beheld above him a bright angel, with 
wide-spread wings, and in his hand a flaming 
sword, which I saw was his protector. Sud- 
denly the youth came to a pellucid spring of 
water, and after filling his canteen therefrom, 
he stooped over to slake his thirst from the 
mirror-like surface. He beheld his face 
vividly reflected therein. That face was 
mine. Then I heard a voice say — and it 
was the voice of my guardian angel, — 



"Arise, daughter. Your country calls. Dis- 
giiisc yourself ; seek tbe nearest military post, 
and proffer tliy services. I will shield thee 
from harm in every hour of peril." 

" Why, sister, I shall be almost a believer 
in dreams after this," I remarked. 

" Brother, if that was a dream, it seemed 
uHiike all other dreams, at least in one re- 
rpect — it did not vanish from my memory. 
It clung to my mind with as much tenacity 
aa if it had been deeply engraven on its tab- 
lets. Besides, I cannot recognize that par- 
ticular state of my mind with sleep ; for when 
the sound of that commanding voice ceased, 
I appeared to be in as full possession of my 
faculties as I am at this moment ; and I tried 
several tests to convince myself that I must 
have been slumbering, but the tests only 
went to convince me, that I had a vision 
while I was fully awake. Had it been only 
a dream I could have resisted its influence, 
but being fully impressed that it was some- 
thing more, I could not for many days 
I made my preparations in secret, and stud- 
ied the proposed route of my flight with 
great care ; and watching the most favorable 
opportunity I sat out from my home, like 
Joan of Arc, to join the gallant defenders 
of my country. Moreover, that which my 
vision chose to show me, has been fully veri- 
fied. On the day following, to my infinite 
Burprise, my dear Hariy joined me. How 
he became master of my secret intentions, he 
has never told me." 

" I can tell you now, 'Bel, that I had a 
vision, too, describing many things that I 
.'ifterwards saw and experienced," answered 
Harry Robeson. " It told me to follow you, 
and the way to go; and I could not help 

In fervent congratulations, in expressions 
of joy, in mutual explanations,and in rehears- 
ing the incidents of one and another's career, 
during the memorable campaign we had 
passed through, occupied the greater portion 
of the time during that day of happiness. 

Thrice during the day we received bulle- 

tins concerning Dr. Glenfield's health, the 
last being aiore favorable than those which 
preceded it. 

Aunt Clemmy shared in the general joy 
when she was made to comprehend the reve- 
lations of that eventful day; and I am sure 
that during the hours of repose, on the night 
that succeeded, none but pleasant visions 
visited us in our slumbers. 

On the following morning, a brief note 
received from Dr. Glenfield, satisfied us 
that the profes':ional predictions which had 
been made in regard to his health were fully 
realized, for he informed me that he should 
venture to make us a call during the day. 

At the usual hour, the Vivandiere, little 
Hai-ry and myself went to dress parade. She 
was attired in her usual military costume, 
and conducted herself with her usual dig- 
nity. After the parade was over, Mr. War- 
land, myself and Harry took a stroll over the 
city, visiting the several encampments and 
other places of interest. 

From two to three hours were thus con- 
sumed. When we returned, we found Dr. 
Glenfield and Isabel enjoying as we thought, 
a very agreeable tete-a-tete. She was no 
longer dressed as'a Vivandiere, but in gar- 
ments becoming a lady. 

"Welcome doctor," said I. "We con- 
gratulate you on your speedy recoveiy ; but 
we had such a fright. I was really concern- 
ed about you, and so were we all.' 

" I thank you, my kind friends, for your 
solicitude on my account. Be assured, I 
shall ever appreciate it." 

" By the by, doctor, has this young lady 
been letting you into our family secrets ? " I 
askd jocosely. 

" I certainly have heard a chapter of mar- 
vels," he replied; "but I apprehend she 
has one secret not yet revealed to you." 

"What is it, doctor? Divulge, sister! 
We'll have no more hidden mysteries !" said 
I. " I ask pardon, Dr. Glenfield — I have 
not introduced you to my dear sister's foster- 



father — Mr. Augustus Warland, Dr. Glen- 
field, the best surgeon in the union army." 

They grasped each other's hands cordially, 
and exchano;ed cono;ratulations. 

" But what is this secret ? " asked the old 
gentleman, after he had reseated himself. 
" As the colonel says we must have no more 

" Well, father and brother," said Isabel, 
while a tide of crimson suffused her cheeks, 
"Dr. Glenfield and I are much better ac- 
quainted with each other than you have sup- 
posed. In fact he is the gentleman I pre- 
ferred for a suitor rather than the gold-laden 
lover you had chosen for me." 

" How is this ? — I knew nothing of it — I 
never saw the doctor before to my knowl- 
edge," said Mr. Warland. 

' ' We commenced our intimacy, while I 
was away at school, and, although we had 
not seen each other for some four years, we 
kept up a correspondence until he gave his 
professional services to his country.' 

" And I, stupid tellow," added the doctor, 
" attended upon her professionally — at least 
on one occasion — and saw her forty times 
afterwards without recognizing in her my 
young inamorata of fifteen that I had known 
when she was at the Seminary in my native 
town ; and my first knowledge of who she 
was came from the lips of a dying traitor 
and deserter — one Major Jenefer, — whose 
one great faculty was, in being able to know 
a face, once seen, ever after wai'ds ; while 
my great weak point is in not being able to 
recognize faces — sometimes even of my best 

" But I, doctor, knew you from the first 
and resolved not to reveal myself, until I 
could do so in proper womanly habiliments," 
said Isabel ; ' ' and to take time to thus' array 
myself, was the only reason why I did not 
accompany my father and brother in their 
wallc this morning." 

" I now understand, my dear sister, why 
it was that you stole a march on me, yester- 
day morning," said I, really overjoyed that 

Isabel had bestowed her aflfectioos so wisely ; 
" but you must admit that it was reckless 
in you to thus hazard your precious life." 

" What cared I for my life, when his was 
in danger? " was her reply. 

" Well, I must confess that matters are 
getting a little more interesting here than I 
anticipated," remarked Mr. Warland, grave- 
ly. "I no sooner find my daughter than [ 
find, also, that there is a prospect of my 
losing her. If Isabel can brave Yellow 
Jack, she would not scruple to brave her 
foster-father. I have learned that girls will 
have their own way ; and in this particular 
case I must make a virtue of necessity, and 
give my hearty and cordial assent to your 
wishes. What say you, colonel? " 

" That Doctor Glenfield is a noble fellow, 
and well worthy of the best and most accom- 
plished lady in the land ; and I shall be 
proud to rank him as my brother-in-law. 
What say you, Harry ? " 

' * Oh ! let's have a wedding by all means, * ' 
replied the youth. " I know how much 
my sister loves the doctor." 

" And I know how much the doctor loves 
the sister!" added Glenfield; "and your 
suggestion of a wedding is worthy of being 
taken into serious consideration. What say 
you, Isabel ? " 

" I have become so much accustomed to 
change my name of late," replied Isabel, 
blushing ; " that to change it once more, 
will not be inconsistent with my character." 

" For the last time, I trust," added the 

" Well, my friends, this is what I call set- 
tling a matrimonial affair in a sensible, busi- 
ness-like manner," remarked Mr. Warland. 
" And the sooner this happy affair is con- 
summated the more agreeable will it be for 
me, for I must be off, up the river, in a few 
days. Without consultation I give you, Is- 
abel, just one week for preparation — not a 
day more. And here," added the old gea- 
tleman, drawing forth a well-filled pocket 
book, and counting out five one thousand 



dollar greenbacks, which he placed in her 
hands, " here's a trifle for your trousseau; 
and before you commence house-keeping, 
draw on me for a like amount? " 

There was no appeal from this decision, 
and this act of generosity. The wedding 
d.jy was appointed, and preparation for the 
approaching nuptials was immediately com- 
menced, and prosecuted by a formidable 
corps of milliners, dress-makers, seamstresa- 
63, &e. 

Julian Manly thus concludes his narra- 
tive. He permits his araanuensiis to tell the 
rest of the story in his own way. 

On the day preceding that of the nuptial 
ceremony, a large passenger steamer arrived 
at New Orleans from St. Louis. She had 
been announced by telegram from one of 
the nearest ports above, consequently, before 
she made her landing, quite an assemblage 
of people and carriages were standing on the 

There was an interchange of signals, by 
waving of handkerchiefs and hats between 
Beveral of the passengers on the steamer, and 
friends who had anticipated their arrival, on 
the shore. 

There waa but one passenger, however, 
who claims our especial attention : a lady 
of surpassing beauty, her face wreathed in 
joyous smiles, and so elated with having rec- 
ognized a noble looking officer ashore, who 
had also recognized her, that she seemed like 
one ready to fly from the promenade-deck 
to the levee. 

The moment that the plank touched the 
febore, tjie officer rushed aboard, and darted 
up the companion-way, and as he reached the 
upper deck, the lady with whom he had been 
exchanging signals waa quickly enfolded in 
his manly arms ! 

This exhibition of joy was so intense that 
several of the passengers contemplated the 
happy scene with more than ordinary emo- 

It is quite unbeccessary to inform the 

reader that our herioc colonel had thus met 
his noble, beautiful, and devoted wife ; she 
who had journeyed thousands of miles to .see 
him, rather than solicit him to ask leave of 
absence from his post of duty. 

A carriage was in waiting for them oo the 
levee, and after a short drive they alighted 
at his quarters on Jackson Square, where the 
lady was at once introduced to her sister-in- 
law, Isabel, Mr. Warland, Master Ilarry, 
and Doctor Glenfield. 

The meeting was a highly felicitous one, 
and the lady's arrival was not only a mo<t 
opportune one, in consideration of the great 
event appointed for the next day, but a most 
happy addition to the colonel's military 

•' Well, my dear sister, how are you pleas- 
ed with my wife ? " whispered the colonel 
into the ear of our heroine, after an hour 
had passed in mutual felicitation. 

"Julian, she's an angel! I fell in love 
with her at first sight ! You ought to be 
very happy and very proud in the possession 
of so beautiful and interesting a lady!" 
was Isabel's enthusiastic and heartfelt re- 

"I am," said he; then removing to a 
seat by the side of his wife, he put a simi- 
lar question, sotto voce, to her : 

" Mary, my dear, how do you like our 

"Ah, Julian, she's the brightest and 
loveliest of all her sex, so far as my knowl- 
edge goes ! How proud I shall be to call 
her sister ! and I shall love her, too, almost 
as well as I do her brother ! " was the wife's 
prompt and heartfelt answer. 

On the following day, at the hour of eleven, 
in the presence of the colonel's family and 
a few invited guests, Surgeon-General George 
Glenfield and Miss Isabel Manly Warland 
were daily united in the holy banns of mat- 

A grand reception followed, and scores of 
ladies and gentlemen called to congratulate 
the bride and bridegroom on the happy event, 



and to be sumptuoxisly entertained by the 
gallant colonel. 

Three years passed away, and war's dread 
alarms had ceased. The gallant Sherman 
and his brave hosts had passed through the 
heart of the confederacy; Lee and John- 
ston had capitulated ; and the starry em- 
blem of the republic once more waved over 
all the scrongholds of the rebellious states. 

It was then that Doctor Glenfield and his 
accomplished wife seized the opportunity to 
visit Magnolia Villa, in the suburbs of the 
city of Jackson. The surprise of Marietta 
Marland was only equalled by the joy she 
manifested in once more embracing the 
" Spy of the Grand Army," and in receiv- 
ing her and her noble husband as her most 
welcome guests. The visit was prolonged 
for nearly three weeks, and as may be sup- 
posed there was a most free interchange of 
sentiments of both a public and private na- 

Among the many visitors to the villa dur- 
ing their stay, none was so constant as Louis 
Lamar, late colonel in the confederate army, 
who had not only exchanged his uniform of 
grey and gold for the more respectable habil- 
iments of a citizen, but had also become so 
disgusted with the rebellion and its leaders 
and their cause, that he bad taken a solemn 

vow never to take up arms again, except in 
defence of the Union. 

Marietta Marland believed him a true pen- 
itent, and she also believed that he had been 
originally seduced or coerced, like thousands 
of others, from his allegiance to the federal 
government, by bold, designing men, through 
means which were not safely resistible. Under 
these circumstances the heiress of Magnolia 
Villa, after much devotion and earnest so- 
licitation on his part, consented at some cer- 
tain day to link her fortune with his. 

On quite a number of occasions the entire 
party had the pleasure of a ride through 
Jackson and its suburbs in the old but state- 
ly family coach of the Marlands. CuiFee, 
with all his dignity and pride, officiated as 
coachman, and if he was happy in being a 
freedman, he was vastly more happy in be- 
ing retained in his old place, under his kind 
and considerate mistress. 

And now, patient reader, after informing 
you that Colonel Manly served with distinc- 
tion until the close of the war, and retired 
with a brevet major general's commission, 
and that be is now an influential citizen in 
one of the large cities of the West, having 
for bis neighbors, Augustus Warland's fam- 
ily, and also the family of Doctor Glenfield, 
all sufficiently endowed with this world's 
goods and blessings, we will close this verita- 
ble chain of strange incidents and heroic 



Flokence Marryat is now well known to the reading world as the anther of five well-written nov 
els. They are extremely well-developed fictions, and well worth the time employed in reading them. 
They are distinct stories, without parallelism, having nothing in common but their style. 

Miss MaukV/VT possesses great talent and great power of expression; power to picture to our minds 
the conceptions which occupy her own. Her style is graphic, nervous, vital. Added to these merits l» 
the still greater one of progressiveness. She never stands still; every step is an advance, every succeed- 
ing story better tlian the last. Her first book, 


was most cordially welcomed by the London Press, was added to " Tauchnitz " famona " Collection <rf 
British Authors," and was reprinted in America in " Loring's Railway Library." 

It made its murk at (nice. 

The atmosphere of this book is pure and sweet, the delineation of character fine, the Incidents various; 
we find ourselves surrounded by stately yet gentle people, well-born and well-bred. Meaner characters 
come upon the stage, but they only serve to make more manifest the purity of the others. 

We tliouglit her talent folly established when we read her second book, 


a book inculc^iting the grandest deeds of mercy and nobility; a book full of intense life, broad and deep 
experience, heights of joy, depths of woe; and, about all the scenes and all the characters, a sweet 
pathos, a holy charity. Her third book, 


»B ft very remarkable one; and in it she illustrates what all of us have too often seen, that woman Is 
woman's worst enemy, and man her truest friend. The life, incidents, and characters are essentially 
ifinglish ; the latter are vividly portrayed and consistently carried out in all their action. 
But still higher does our author go when she gives us her fourth book. 


A Drama of Life. In this story Florence Marryat evinces more than her usual power ; and from 
the task of depicting lives full of error and sin, side by side with lives full of magnanimity and self-sac- 
rifice, unconscious as all true self-sacrifice must ever be, —from all the varied scenes, and various char- 
acters which she knows so well how to portray, leading the reader oftentimes to the contemplation of 
vice in its most horrid forms, — from all this plodding through the mire, she rises at the close of her story 
to the Rweetest, saddest pathos, the sublimest conceptions of souls conquering wrong, out-growing error, 
learning through work and wail of years the hard lesson of submission. " Even length of days forever 
and ever " is the motto of the book and its real title. It teaches the highest principles of morality and 
charity. The acts of mercy ajid forgiveness related there cause the heart to glow with enthusiasm. The 
vicious characters but act as foils to the nobler ones, giving the latter the more opportunities for the ex- 
ercise of their noblest traits. In this novel, as in Hfe, people sometimes seem aU vile, — circumstances 
whoUy cvU ; yet all this becomes transformed and glorified by the purity and lovingness of the good. 

Their magic power causes the one faint, almost lost, divine spark lo shoot forth its one sad ray; develop! 
It, by and by, into a radiant star; and finally causes it to make warm and joyous again the nature but just 
n«*\v dark, and cold, and wretched. Ihus does Florence Makryat, in her own pesuliar way, and from 
her convictions and experience, teach the lessons true souls are ever teaching. 
We think all will agree with us when we say that her fifth book is her best. 

The Confessions of Gerald Estcomt 

How long the man's world has venerated woman, for how long looked upon her with eyes full of love, 
guarding her with weapons of war, and holding her with arms of absolute strength ! and yet until " Jane 
Eyre" made its appearance, that book of terrible brain muscle, followed by Miss Mulock's " John Hali- 
fax," and George Eliot's (Miss Evans) great novel of" Adam Bede," we men swore by Bulwer, and other 
of the masculine goose-quills, and never dreamed that any woman lived who had observed the minut* 
shades of character in order to develop the plot of a life narrative. It is true that Jane Porter, Miss 
Edgeworth, and that rollicking Irish authoress, weak and strong Lady Morgan, and Mrs. Radclifle, had 
meandered through the superficial and reached the natural results; but when "Jane Eyre " burst upon 
the literary world, and its author was found out to be a woman, man's heart called upon man's brain to 
join in a willing addition of gallantry, and our loves became purified by the process of intellectual appre- 

Whoever has seen a photograph, in the bookstores, of a bright, sunny woman, leaning good temperedly 
forward over the back of a chair, will have seen a sun-ray likeness of 


Bhe whsse last and best book, 

The Cojifessions of Geralsl Estcourt, 

is lying upon our table as we write. 

This book is indeed her best, — ma,^ 'pe |alled, in-^ot, as " best " as anybody can write. 

It is a book with great touc&i^g of chaii>^i*'", and incidents enough to charm a deeper reader than the 
usual time-killer of a railway train. The wife passing through the ordeal of a husband's family jealousy ; 
the husbaid ruled in his conduct to his wife by his mother, type of that proverbially terrible " mother-in- 
law," so well known, and so often met at tea-tables, — the fussy, sarcastic, ruling, interfering " mother-in- 
law,"— is painted to the life ; and the sisters-in-law (legalized relationship), those fearfully fearless poachers 
apon knick-knacks and other lying around pretty things, which they have only to admire to obtain from 
the proud brother, — wife's property, — and wife willing or unwilling of not the slighest consequence; 
and then it is glorious reading to follow up the course of Gerald, first as boy, afterward through all the 
stages of his difficult course. Father taught, mother loved, they separated, and both striving for the 
child love and the man's love. 

How powerfully in all this stands forth the great truth that woman is mother as much of the man as 
of the untoothed baby I for none but a woman, entering into the maternal moods, assimilating herself ia 
the maternal needs, could carry this Gerald through all he has to pass through, comprehending him, 
feeling for him, and with the subtle force of supreme nature, making us participants and sympathizers in 
all tliat appertains to her model or her instrument of intellectual inspiration and conception. 

American readers will, we feel assured, seek out this new and noblest effort of the great sea-captain'a 
daughter ; and after the first four pages are got through with, woe betide the intruding visitor who sbaQ 
break the rapt attention seeking for the entire context. 


Bt TDK Author of " Makgaret and her Bridesjiaids," " The QdeenTo* 
THE County," etc., etc. • 


"Depend npon it, squii-e, there is neither peace nor comfort to be had in 
a house overrun by petticoats." Smoking drew forth this ungallant speech, 
and led to " A Challenge " between the " Lords and Ladies." 

What it was, how it was carried out, how it ended, makes one of the most 
delightful stories yo . ''^ read. 

The London Post 3>^ 

" ♦ Lords and Ladies' is one of the ni.';;St-charixi. '"h the literature 

of Action has been enriched this season. 

<' The truth and th^ value of the moral of the story^ will .econunend it as highly as 
the vivacity and humor of Its style, and the ingenuity of its construction." 

The London Morning Star says of it : — 

•' A most amusing novel. The plot is thoroughly original, worked out with much 
humor and skill. The characters are capitally drawn- This book is an admhrabla one 
fbr time." 

"Puff" and "Luff" will live in the memory of every reader of thia 
th?oroughly bewitching English noveL