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Published Quarterly by 




Richmond, Va: 

No. 707 East Franklin St. 







Editor of the Magazine, 

July and October Numbers. 


January and April Numbers. 



Table of Contents. 

Acadians (The) in Virginia 386 

Adams, Thomas; Letters to 30 

Bargrave, Captain John; Charges Against Former Government of 

Virginia, 1622 225 

Barnwell, John; Journal of 42 

Berkeley, Sir William; Vindication of 139 

Book Reviews 104, 209, 324, 437 

Bruce, Philip Alexander; Resolutions in Regard to 441 

Byrd, Mrs. Mary Willing; Will of, with Notes 346 

""Carter Papers .1, 145, 260, 365 

Cincinnati, Virginia Society of. 22 

Collections in English Churches for Virginia, 1623 373 

Epitaphs at Brandon, Prince George County 233 

Fitzhugh, William; Letters of 60, 158 

Gates, Sir Thomas; Death of. 371 

Genealogy — Calvert, 73; Williamson, 76; Price, 78; Markham, 80, 
206; Brockenbrough, 82; Godwin, 85; Parker, 86, 195, 301, 412^. 
420; Carter, 88; Baylor, 197, 307; Warren, 200; Wynne, Winn, 
203; Barret, 205; Marshall, 207; Reade, Bernard, and Throck- 
morton — Chart of English Ancestry, 407; Rodes, 418; Withers, 
309, 425; Payne, 313, 427; Fontaine, 208, 305. 

Germans; Complaint Against Governor Spots wood 385 

Hampden-Sidney College, Trustees of 288, 358 

Isle of Wight County Wills 33, [ 13, 244 

Jacobitism in Virginia 389 

Jenings, Edmund, Attorney General; Petition for Increase of Salary, 

l6 92 39S 

Kidnapping Maidens to be Sold in Virginia, 1618 228 


Land Patents, Abstracts of Virginia, gi, 185, 297, 404 

Lafayette, Letters of 55 

Lee Ancestry, A New-Clue to the 255 

Lee, General Henry; Letters of 1 53 

Alandeville, Lord; to Secretary Conway, 1623 382 

Necrology 319 

Notes and Queries 101, 317, 429 

Note on the Shipping, Men, &c, Sent to Virginia, 1619 231 

Patents for Lands in Virginia, List of 372 

Poor Children Sent to Virginia 232 

Privy Council (The) to the Governor of Virginia 381 

Proclamation for a Fast Day, 1691 396 

Publications Received 335 

Scotch Trader, A 135 

Smythe, Sir Thomas, &c. ; Reply to John Bargrave, 1621 378 

Tobacco Planting Law, Violation of, 1691 397 

Virginia in 1771, 124; in 1623, 236; in 1623-4 373 

Virginia Battalion, Second, in 1 777 , 1 24 

Virginia Borrowing from Spain 284 

Virginia Company- (The) and the House of Commons, 1624 382 

^Virginia Corn, 1619 371 

Virginia Historical Society— Proceedings, i-xxiii, January No.; Reso- 
lutions in regard Mr. P. A. Bruce and Mr. Barton H. Wise 441 

Virginia Militia in the Revolution 277, 399 

Washington's Capitulation at Fort Necessity 26S 

Washington, George; Election of, 1758 174 

William and Mary College, Burning of, in 1705 271 

Wise, Barton Haxall, deceased; Resolutions in Regard to 441 

West, Claiborne, &c. ; Petition to the King 233 

Western Virginia, Reminiscences of, 1770-1790 337 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. VI. JULY, 1898. No. 1 


I give unto my son John all my furniture in the New house 
and half of the rest of the Furniture in my kitchen & other 
houses about my mansion Dwelling, the other half of my Furni- 
ture I do give unto my sons Robert & Charles to be valued by 
four of the most substantial of my neighbours, and my son John 
to pay for them to my said sons Robert & Charles according to 
the valuation, unless it be the desire of my sons Robert & Charles 
to have them in kind. 

My will is that my plate both old and new be equally divided 
between my three elder sons John, Robert & Charles, my books 
to be divided into four parts, my son John to have two parts of 
them, my sons Robert & Charles to have the other two parts, 
my pictures each child to have his own picture, my son to 

have my first picture and his mother's, also my gold watch and 
diamond ring, my son Robert have my other picture & his 
mother's picture, & one-half of my other rings & watch, my son 
Charles to have the other half, my sons Robert & Charles to 
have each of them a gold watch sent for at the charge of my es- 
tate to cost ^30 each, all my goods that are coming in for my 
familys to be disposed of among the Family for their supply as 
they were intended, all my new goods, tools, nails, utensils & 


not already disposed of, to belong to my said three sons, John, 
Robert & Charles, to be equally divided between them or ap- 
praised and the value answered to my two younger sons as my 
ex'trs shall agree. 

My will is that thirty mourning rings be sent lor, to be distrib- 
uted by my Ex'trs among my friends and relations, and it is my 
will that all the rest of my estate, personal or real, not herein 
disposed of in Va., or elsewhere, do belong, & I do give it unto 
my said three eldest sons, John, Robert and Charles, and their 
heirs forever. 

It is my will that in regard those negroes which went from 
Middlesex, are now seated and settled upon my son John's Plan- 
tation, called Penmond's End, in Essex, which slaves notwith- 
standing I have given unto my son Robert. It is my will and 
desire that my son John let my son Robert have other slaves of 
their value, either new or old, 8c that after such Change made to 
the satisfaction of both my said sons, such slaves be then deemed 
& taken to be within the purview of the intails aforesaid of my 
respective sons' slaves & real estates. 

I give my wearing apparel 8c Cloth, the best of them and what 
are coming in for my own wearing, & my wiggs, swords, canes, 
pistolls, & to be divided among my three elder sons, & my other 
Cloths I would have some given to my good friends Capt. Thos. 
Carter & Mr. John Turbeville. 

I give unto my son in law, Col. Mann Page, ^20 sterling, 
to buy him mourning, also Maj. Benj. Harrison ^20 for the 
same, and to Dr. Geo. Nicholas ^10 for the same use, & do 
order all my Children & grand children to go into decent mourn- 
ing at the charge of my estate. 

It is my will that what selling goods I have coming in this ship- 
ping, when they arrive shall be delivered to Capt. Thos. Carter, 
to be by him sold & disposed of, together with the goods already 
under his care, for good tobacco and money or Bills of Exchange, 
to be accounted for as also all the Tobacco & Debts due in the 
said Carter's hands, upon the sale of goods already sold out of 
the said store, unto my said three eldest sons equally or the sur- 
vivors of them. 

It is my will that my son John have & enjoy the Lease I have 
lately taken & am now in possession of the Northern Neck from 


the proprietors, & he to have & receive in his own right the 
profits of the same and the management thereof, and that my 
son John, out of his own estate, do pay the yearly rents for the 
said lease that I stand engaged for to the said proprietors. It is 
my request to my son John that he release to his brothers 
Robert & Charles the rents of their Lands during the term of 
the said lease. 

I do name, constitute & appoint my three eldest sons, John, 
Robert & Charles, to be Ex'tors of this my will and to be guard- 
ians of my younger children & their Estates, & I do request, 
constitute and appoint & make my hon'ble & good friends & 
relations, the aforesaid Mann Page, Esq., of Gloucester Co., 
Maj. Benj. Harrison, of Charles City County, Maj. Geo. Esk- 
ridge & Capt. Geo. Turberville, of Westmoreland County, Mr. 
Rich'd Lee, of Northumberland Co., & Capt. Thos. Carter, of 
Lancaster Co., to be assistant to my ex'tors & to be consulted 
and advised with upon all emergent occasions, more especially 
the said Mann Page, Esq. 

It is my will and I do ordain that whenever the Vestry of 
Christ Church Parish shall undertake to build a brick church in 
the place where the present Church Stands, that there be paid 
out of my estate by my three elder sons & ex'tors the sum of 
^200 sterling money; one half part of this money is to be paid 
out of my Son John's estate, the other half is to be equally paid 
by my son Robert & my son Charles out of their part of my 
estate, this money to remain in my Ex'tors' hands until one half 
of the work is completed, provided alwaies the Chancel be pre- 
served as a burial place for my family as the present chancel is, 
and that there be preserved to my family a commodious pew in 
the new chancel; & it is my further will that the bricks that are 
now made & burnt shall be appropriated to the building of the 
said Brick church or as many thereof as will perfect the building, 
and likewise the bricks that shall be made & be there at my 
decease, and if my son John shall have occasion to make use of 
any of the said bricks, then he be obliged to make & burn as 
many more for the use aforesaid. I give twenty pounds Sterling 
to be laid out in a piece of plate for the use of our church to be 
sent for and engraved according to the direction of my son John. 

My will is that my white Servants that are about my house 


that are tradesmen be divided amongst my three Sons John, 
Robert & Charles, & those that are tradesmen to belong to my 
Said three Sons and to be made use of as they shall agree in 
their respective trades, and that the white Servants that are 
abroad seated upon my plantation belong to such of my said 
Sons as the plantations belong to, such of my said Sons as the 
plantations are given to. 

I give unto my son John my Coach and four Coach horses, 
also my barge & furniture. My own riding horse, my charriot 
& my other two Coach horses, my will is my son Robert shall 
have when he removes to live on his own Lands, my two young- 
est daughters to have each of them a riding horse & side saddle 
provided for them out of my estate, and that my sons, Landon 
& George, have found for them Constantly a good riding horse 
& saddle out of my estate, until they come to their respective 
ages of twenty one years. 

My will is that my son John have four of my best Cart horses, 
& y't all the rest of my horses & mares be equally divided be- 
tween my three sons, John, Robt. & Chas. 

Whereas there are sundry debts & balances due to me from 
some of my friends & poor neighbours, to whom I have a mind 
to be kind, I do therefore ordain as followeth & give the follow- 
ing directions: that Robt. Gordon be discharged of his whole 
debt, he paying ten pounds sterling to my ex' tors. 

That John Hutchins be discharged of his whole debt, he pay- 
ing ^10 sterling to my ex'tors. Maj. Geo. Eskridge Debt upon 
obligations & all other accounts between us, he having lately 
gaid me a bill of Exchange of ^70. It is my will that all ac- 
counts for his Quitt Rents, &c. , stand ballanced between us, the 
debts he has of mine in his hands, upon account of sales of 
negroes out of the ship Mercury, he stands answerable for, Mr. 
Rich 11 Lee's obligation I remitt. 

Whereas Capt. Thos. Carter hath gone through a series of 
Business for me for several years, together in selling divers car- 
goes of Goods and upon other accounts, of whose honesty & 
integrity I have always had a very good opinion. It is my will 
that such accounts of my affairs, as he can make up, be received 
as satisfactory from him by Ex'tors, and that he be to no trouble 
at law upon my account. 


That whereas in this my will I have given the lands I bought 
of Mr. Robert Cary, which cost me above two thousand pounds 
Sterling, to my Sons John & Robert, it is my will that they my 
said sons John & Robert do pay unto my estate some time within 
five years after my decease each of them the Sume of ^500 out 
of their own estates to be accounted as part of my estate to go 
towards the discharge of my Legacies & incumbrances of this 
my will. Whereas I have paid for my son John several sumes 
of money amounting to between twelve & fourteen hundred 
pounds in discharge of Col. Edward Hill's debts & Legacies for 
the Security of the repaiement of part of the said money my 
said Son John hath mortgaged certain negroes and for the pay- 
ment of the rest hath given me bond & is obliged to pay me 
Interest for all the said money until the repayment thereof, It is 
my will that in Lieu and Satisfaction of this money due to me 
upon my said son's mortgage & Bond that he my said son his 
Ex'tors or adm'rs shall repay unto my estate the sume of ^Soo 
Sterling of the Said money to be accounted as part of my estate 
& to go towards the discharging my Legacys & incumbrances 
of this my will, and that my ex'tors my Sons Robert & Charles 
have power to recover this said sume of ^800 from my said son 
John his ex'tors & adm'rs under their Quality of their being 
my Ex'tors. 

Whereas I have given power to Mr. Micajah Perry, of Lond , 
Merch't to purchase for me the whole estate of John L. Boyd, 
Esq r , dec'd, lying in Richmond & Westmoreland Counties, the 
lands, the negroes & the Stocks, & to give for the same ,£4,000, 
Now if the said Perry should make the said purchase which 
must come out of the Estate of my three sons John, Robert & 
Charles in case of my death, it is therefore my will and I do 
devise the said estate in common between my said three sons 
John, Robert & Charles, & to be divided equally between them 
as they shall agree upon division, each son to hold his part both 
of Lands & Slaves to him & his heirs male of his Body lawfully 
begotten and so to be continued in Tail male as the said respec- 
tive Sons' Lands are to go, excepting the Lands I bought of Mr. 
Cary which are under a different division; in respect of the re- 
mainder and where as the entail of these lands bought of Mr. 
Cary is carried down no further than to the issue male of my son 


Charles, my further will is that in case of failure to issue male of 
my s d Son Charles that then these lands bought of Mr. Cary do 
go to my son Landon & to the heirs male issue of his body, & 
for want of such to my son George & the heirs male issue ot 
his Body, & for want of such to my right heirs forever. 

Whereas in the former part of this, my will, I have given to 
my son John ten thousand acres of Land upon the branches of 
Occaquan, bounding upon the germans, conveyed to me by deed 
from Capt. Geo. Turberville, which said tract of Land I have 
entailed upon my s'd son John & his male issue, I do now re- 
voke that part of my said will, and do give the said tract of Land 
conveyed to me as aforesaid unto my son John & his heirs for- 
ever in fee simple, desiring him to give two thousand acres out 
of the said tract unto my grandson Robert Burwell, & two 
thousand unto my grandson, John Page, out of such parts of the 
Land as he, my said son John, shall think fitt. 

Whereas I am now in possession of the negroes & personal 
estate of Thos. Glascock which was forfeited to me as the Pro- 
prietor's agent upon the conviction of the said Thos. Glascock 
for murder, these negroes and personal estate I give to my son 
John & his heirs, desiring him to be kind to the Children of the 
s'd Glascock, such of them as he shall think deserves it, in some 
proportion to the value of the estate as whereas there is an out- 
lawry prosecuting at the General Court in order to attaint the s 4 
Glascock, that his lands may be escheated, which are also now 
in my possession. My will is that if my son John comes to en- 
joy the said Glascock's lands under a good title that then he 
further consider the s'd Glascock's children in such proportion 
as he shall think fitt, or otherwise gratifie them according to his 

That whereas in the second item in this my will, I have direc- 
ted ye Merchants hundred plantation with the slaves & stocks, 
to be held & enjoved by my daughter Elizabeth for & during 
the term of her natural life, my intent & meaning is that my 
stocks of Cattle & hoggs & other personal goods belonging to 
the said plantation, be only lent to my said daughter Elizabeth 
during her life and no property vested in her, & she my said 
daughter, to enjoy the profits of the said stocks still keeping up 
the number that they shall be at the time of my decease, and my 


will and meaning is the same in respect of the other settlement I 
have made to my daughters Page & Harrison. 

It is my will that ^40 of Coarse goods be sent for and to be 
distributed amongst the poor necessitous people of the parish I 
live, at the discretion of my ex' tors. It is my will and I do give 
to Mr. John Bell our minister, ^10 sterling for mourning. It is 
my will and I do give to my several friends my Trustees in this 
ni y * * £ lo sterling a piece, as an acknowledgement for the 
trouble they will be at. 

I do hereby revoke all other & former wills & testament hereto- 
fore by me made, & do publish, utter & declare this to be my last 
will & testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand & seal this 22nd day of August, 1726. 

N. B. The words in the twelfth sheet of this my will (or the 
Major part of them or the survivors of them), & the words (to 
be paid by son John) and in the seventeenth sheet the words (so 
long as my sons his Brothers shall think fitt to continue him 
there), interlined before signed. 

Robert Carter (L. S. ) 

Signed, sealed & published in presence of us. 

John Turberville, 1726, Alex'r Edgar, 

Rd. Lee, John Harvey, 

Thomas Edwards, Solomon Adshead. 

I the aforesaid Robert Carter being of sound mind and mem- 
ory Twentv eighth sheet of my will. 

I do this day make this my further addition & alteration in 
my aforegoing will dated the 22nd day of August last, to make 
my son Robert equal to his other Brothers in number of slaves. 
I do give unto my said son Robert & the heirs male issue of his 
body lawfully begotten under the same limitation as the rest of 
the negroes are given, the following slaves (to-wit): all them 
slaves, men, women & children, that I bought and purchased of 
Mr. John Pratt, which were brought home to my house, also the 
negroe called Harry Bacon & negroe Boy called Sam, both which 
ran away from my nomini plantation, likewise four good negroes 


out of these I have given to my son Charles, two young men & 
two young women also as many more slaves out of these I have 
given to my son John, half males & half females not to be under 
the age of twelve years, as will make up the number I have 
given to him my said son Robert, one hundred working slaves 
above the age of twelve years. 

My will and meaning is that my negroe Harry, one of George's 
sons shall be deemed to belong to my son Charles, he now living 
at my son's falls plantation. 

Whereas I have ordered a Quarter to be seated upon the land 
I lately bought of Mr. Cary with ten or twelve slaves from my 
Westmoreland plantation, which Quarter will belong to my son 
John, by this my will. It is, notwithstanding, my will & intent 
that these slaves, as many of them as shall be seated on the said 
New plantation at the time of my Death, shall be held & taken 
to belong to my s'd son Robert's number of slaves. 

In witness that this is a part of my will, & to be construed as 
such, I have hereunto set my hand and seal this eleventh day of 
October, 1726. 

Robert Carter (L. S.) 

Signed, sealed & published in presence of 

R' 1 Lee, T. Austin. 

John Harvey, Solomon Ashead. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Robert Carter, aforesaid, 
Since the making of my abovesaid will consisting of twenty-nine 
Sheets of paper, having undergone Several changes and altera- 
tions in my circumstances in relation to my temporal Estate, and 
forasmuch as by a late act of Assembly made Since the making 
of my Said will to explain & amend the act declaring the negro 
mulatto and Indian Slaves within this Dominion, great alterations 
are made in the Said act making Negroes a real estate, under the 
consideration of which former act of assembly I made mv Said 
Will, being & continuing to this day thro' the mercy of God of 
Sound mind & memory do make the following additions, altera- 
tions, Revokations & declarations in & concerning my said will 


as aforesaid. Whereas I have entailed upon my three eldest 
Sons, John, Robert & Charles, all my Slaves belonging to my 
several plantations in Virginia with Several remainders over 
which under the former Law I had power to do, giving all my 
said Slaves in such words unto my said three sons as will give 
the property in all my said Slaves according to the Interpreta- 
tion & meaning of the said late Law which was never my pur- 
pose or intent to do. I do hereby utterly revoak all those gifts 
to my said three Sons, John, Robert & Charles, hereby declar- 
ing it is my full intent & meaning that no property shall be 
vested in any of my said three Sons to any of my Said Slaves. 
And I do hereby declare that it is my intent & meaning that my 
Said three Sons shall have only the use and profits of my said 
Slaves & their increase for during and continuing their respective 
natural lives, the said Slaves and their increase however to be 
annexed to my respective Lands & plantations for the improve- 
ment of my said Several plantations & Lands according to the 
directions of my said will. 

It is my will that my Several Slaves that are to be annexed 
according to the intent of my will to the lands & plantations 
where I live, which I hold as tenant in tail under the will of my 
Father, & also all the Slaves which are to be annexed to all the 
rest of the lands & plantations which I have given to my said 
Son John in Tail the property in all my said Slaves & their 
increase lent to my said Son John as I give unto my Grandson 
John, my Said Son John's Son however to be annexed both all 
the Said Slaves & their increase unto the Lands & plantations 
that are entailed upon my Said Son John & to continue annexed 
& to go with the Lands according to the intent & meaning of 
my said will. 

It is my will that my Several Slaves that are to be annexed 
according to the intent of my Said will to the Lands & planta- 
tions which I have given to my Son Robert in Tail the property 
in all my Said Slaves & their increase lent to my Said Son Rob- 
ert's Son however to be annexed both all the Said Slaves & their 
increase unto the Lands & plantations that are intailed upon my 
Said Son Robert & to Continue annexed & to go with the Lands 
according to the intent & meaning of my said will. 

It is my Will that my Several Slaves that are to be annexed 


according to the intent of my Said will to the Lands & planta- 
tions which I have given to my Son Charles in Tail, the property 
in all my Said Slaves and their increase lent to my Said Son 
Charles as aforesaid. I do give unto my Said Son Charles in 
trust to be by him conveyed and made over unto the heirs male 
of my Said Son Charles and to be continued annexed to the said 
lands intailed upon my Said Son Charles as aforesaid. 

That whereas I have bought Sundry tracts of Land for my 
three married daughters and have bought Sundry Slaves for the 
improving and working the said Lands which they are annexed 
unto, and whereas in the disposition of the said slaves I have 
used the words (I give the said slaves unto my said Daughters 
respectively for and during their natural lives or to this purpose), 
I do revoake the said clauses and do only give the profits of the 
said slaves & their increase unto my said three Daughters for 
and during their natural lives under the conditions aforesaid, 
and it is my further will that Mann Page, Esq. , do enjoy the 
profits of the lands & negroes settled upon his wife for and dur- 
ing the term of his natural life according to the intention of my 
aforesaid will under the conditions mentioned as afores d . And 
it is my further will that Maj. Benjamin Harrison do enjoy the 
profits of the lands & negroes settled upon his wife for and dur- 
ing the term of his natural life according to the intention of my 
aforesaid will under the Conditions mentioned as aforesaid. And 
I do give the property of the Said Slaves & their increase unto 
my said Daughters' Sons & the heirs of their Bodies, to con- 
tinue annexed to the said Lands and to go and descend accord- 
ing to the intent of my said Will. And whereas at the making 
of my said will I had only a mortgage of Rippon Hall in York 
County & the Lands thereto belonging, upon the forfeiture 
whereof by the Judgement of the General Court in chancery, 
the redemption of the said Estate hath been since foreclosed and 
I am now seised in the said estate as of an inheritance in fee 
simple & have also seated the said Estate with fourteen slaves, 
It is my will that the profits of the said Estate and Slaves do go 
and belong to my two sons Landon & George until my said son 
George arrives to the age of twenty one years; that then the 
said slaves & their increase to belong to my said son George, 
he paying to my son Landon the sum of one hundred and fifty 


pounds Sterling. And I do hereby give and devise unto my 
Son George the said estate of Rippon Hall with the lands and 
appurt s thereunto belonging to him & the heirs of his Body law- 
fully begotten, & for want of such to my son Landon and the 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten, and for want of such to my 
son John & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, and for want 
of such to my Son Robert & the heirs of his Body lawfully be- 
gotten, & for want of such to my Son Charles & the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten, and for want of such to my right heirs 

And whereas I have given my estate in Williamsburg to my 
two sons Landon and George, It is now my will & I do hereby 
devise unto my said Son George all my said estate in W ms burg 
to him & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, & for want of 
such to my son Landon & the heirs of his body lawfully begot- 
ten, and for want of such to my son John & the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten, and for want of such to my son Robert 
& the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, & for want of such to 
my Son Charles & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, & for 
want of such to my right heirs forever. 

And whereas in my said Will I have given to my two Sons 
Landon & George my bank annuity of fifteen hundred pounds, 
which hath since been paid into the hands of Micajah Perry, 
Esq., It is my will that this Fifteen hundred pounds be paid to 
my said son Landon when he shall come to the age of twenty- 
one years in three equal yearly payments in the following man- 
ner, Viz: the first payment to be made the first shipping after 
my said Landon arrives at his age of twenty-one, the second 
payment the Shipping after, and the third payment to be made 
the Shipping after that; & that he also have one moiety of my 
bank stocks in the hands of the said Perry & Mr. Wm. Daw- 
kins, the other moiety of my said Bank Stocks to belong to my 
Son George according to the directions and in the manner of 
my said will. And that there be further paid by my Ex' tors 
unto my said Son Landon when he shall arrive at the age of 
twenty one years the sume of eight hundred & seventy five 
pounds Sterling in three equal yearly payments according to the 
manner afores d . 

And it is my will that my Ex' tors do pay unto my Son George 


when he shalf arrive at the age of twenty-one years the sume of 
three hundred pounds Sterling, to be paid in three years succes- 
sively in three equal payments after he comes of age, and that 
they my said sons Landon & George have no further claim of 
my debts due to me in Virginia notwithstanding anything con- 
tained before in my said Will. 

I give unto my Son Landon my new negroe boy Called Tom 
that I bought out of the John & Betty last year & also my two* 
negroe Girls named , which I bought of Coll. Brax- 
ton last year. 

I give to my daughter Mary my new negroe Girl named Venus 
that I bought of Col Tayloe. 

I give to my Daughter Lucy my new negroe Girl named 

which I bought last year of Col Braxton. 

I give to my son Charles my mulatto Girl named Mary, Tom 
Gumbo's wife's Daughter. 

It is my will that five of the men & two of the women & three 
Boys which I bought of Col Tayloe & are now placed at my 
Son Charles' plantations in Northumberland County be removed 
to my son Robert's plantation in Westmoreland County & be 
annexed to some of the said plantations, the profits of the said 
Slaves I give to my son Robert during his life & the property 
to my grandson Robert, to continue annexed to the said planta- 
tion them & their increase forever. Item — in consideration 
hereof I do hereby revoak the Clause in my will ordering two 
men & two women slaves to belong to my said Son Robert from 
of the plantations entailed upon my said son Charles. 

It is my will that when my Grandaughter Elizabeth, my son 
Robert's Daughter, shall arrive at the age of twenty one years 
or marriage that then there be paid her by my Ex' tors equally 
between them out of my estate given them the Sume of five 
hundred pounds Sterling, and whereas I have given by my will 
to my two grandsons George & John Nicholas the sume of one 
hundred pounds Sterling apiece under the condition of their 
coming to age, It is my will that there shall be paid to each of 
them by my Ex' tors out of my estate instead of the Sume of 
one hundred pounds a piece the Sume of three hundred pounds 
Sterling a piece when they shall arrive at their respective ages 
of twenty-one years. It is my will that when my Grandsons 


Matthew Page &. Robert Page shall arrive at their respective 
ages of twenty one years that then there shall be paid to them 
by my Ex' tors in equal portions the Sume of three hundred 
pounds Sterling a piece. 

It is my will that this addition to rav said will Contained in 
five sheets of paper, comprizing in the whole thirty four sheets, 
shall be taken as a part of my said will, & shall be interpreted 
as a declaration of my intent & meaning, and shall be taken as 
a revokation to such parts and as an addition to others and as 
explanatory' of the whole, so that my real & true intent may be 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed 
my seal this twelfth day of September, in the year of our Lord 
God one thousand seven hundred and twenty eight. 

Robert Carter (L. S.). 

Signed, sealed & published in presence of 

R. Lee, Rich'd Talent, 

John Harvey, John Conner, 

Barnabas Burch, Arthur Neale. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Robert Carter, Esq., of Lan- 
caster County, being of sound mind, memory, but in a crazy, 
disordered condition respecting my health, do make this addi- 
tion, alteration & revokation to Several parts of my will which 
is contained in four & thirty sheets of paper, being made at three 
several times, the first bearing date the two & twentieth day of 
August, 1726, the second bearing date the eleventh day of Au- 
gust, 1726, the third bearing date the 12th day of October, 
1728, all intended to be one entire will as far as can be made 
consistent, and when alterations are made the latter clauses 
alway to be understood to controul & revoke the former, this 
will under these circumstances I do now revive 8z republish so 
far as it will Stand & consist with the alterations, additions cS: 
revokations that I am now about to make. 

Notwithstanding the devises in my said will I do now give 
unto my Son Landon all my lands and plantations in Northum- 


berland County excepting the lands at the upper end of the said 
County called Fielding's, which I have given to my son Robert, 
to him my Son Landon & the heirs male issue of his body, & 
for want of such unto my Son Charles & the heirs male issue of 
his body, & for want of such the Tail to be continued according 
to the directions of my will, & I also do lend unto my Said Son 
Landon all the Slaves that shall belong to the said plantations 
now given him for and during the Term of his natural life, the 
property of the Slaves to remain and be in trust to my said Son 
Landon to and for the use of the heirs male issue of his body, 
and I do give unto my Said Son Landon all the Stocks of Cattle, 
hoggs & Sheep that are upon the said plantations. 

Whereas I have been for some time upon a bargain for the 
whole Estate of Mr. John L. Boyd's Lands, Slaves, Stocks, 
&c. , in Richmond County, for which I have bid in the Court of 
Chancery in Great Britain by the hands of alderman Perry of 
London the sume of ^3,800, ^500 of which money is already 
paid as a depositum into the Said Court of Chancery and the 
remaining ,£3,300 now lies in the hands of the said Alderman 
Perry ready to consummate the said bargain, if the said bargain 
be concluded then my will is and I do devise & bequeath all the 
Said lands, plantations, housing & appurtenances unto my said 
Son Landon and to the heirs male issue of his Body lawfully 
begotten forever, and I do also lend unto my said Son Landon 
for and during the time of his natural life all the Slaves contained 
in the said purchase excepting only the Slaves of the said Estate 
that are now Seated upon my plantations above the falls of Rap- 
pahannock, the property of the said slaves to be in trust with 
my said son Landon & to be vested in him for the use of his 
issue male after his decease. I do also give unto my Said Son 
Landon Carter all the stocks of Cattle, hoggs, houshold Stuf, 
<xx. , that do belong to the Said Estate whether upon the said 
plantations or upon any other lands, and if my said Son Landon 
should dye without issue male then I do give and devise the said 
Lands, Slaves, plantations, Stocks, &c, contained within the 
said purchase unto my Son George & the heirs male issue of his 
Body, & for want of the Tail to be continued according to the 
direction of my will, but if notwithstanding the proceedings that 
have been had towards this bargain & purchase of L. Boyd's 


Estate as aforesaid, it should happen to be defeated & not per- 
fected then my will is and I do give unto my said Son Landon 
if he shall be alive to receive the same at the Several times of 
paym't hereby directed to be made to him, the sume of ^3,000 
out of the said purchase money Lying in the hands of the said 
Perry as aforesaid (to-wit): ,£1,000 to be paid two years after 
that, provided if he dies before these times of payment shall 
come, leaving child or children behind him, Such child or child- 
ren to have a right to this money. 

I give unto my s'd Son Landon the plantation that is now 
Seated with some of the Said Slaves of this purchase called 
Hickory thicket plantation & a thousand acres of Land adjoin- 
ing to the said plantation, part of the Land I bought of Mr. Rob- 
ert Cary to be laid off Contiguous to the said plantation so that 
it shall not hurt the Bridge Quarter; this thousand acres of Land 
I give unto my Said Son Landon & the heirs male issue of his 
Bodv lawfully begotten forever, & for want of such the Tail to 
continue to my son Robert & the heirs male issue of his Body; 
this devise of this thousand acres of Land is intended to take 
Effect upon Condition that this purchase be made of Loyd's 
Estate, but if my s'd Son Landon Comes to enjoy this legacy of 
,£3,000 then this devise of this thousand acres of Land is not to 
Subsist but to be void and the Land to go with the rest of Cary's 
Land according to the directions of my will excepting the piece 
of Land called the Round Hills in King George County, which 
I do devise & give unto my s'd Son Landon & to the heirs male 
issue of his Body, & for want of such unto my Son Robert & 
his heirs male. 

Whereas I have given unto my son Landon & my son George 
my bank Stock in the hands of alder Man Perry & Mr. Daw- 
kins & also other debts due to me in Va., & likewise the mort- 
gage of Rippon Hall, I do revoke and alter my will in these 
respects & do direct as followeth : 

1st. I do give & devise unto my son George all my lands & 
estate of Rippon Hall & the lands adjoining thereto which were 
mortgaged to me by Colonel Jennings & also the mill I have 
bought since, likewise the Lands I bought of Joseph Wade & 
my houses & estate in W m$ Burg & also the Lands I lately bought 
of Maj r Benj. Robinson & his Wife at Arnold's ferry lying in 


King & Queen Co. All these Lands, Plantations, houses & 
real estate I give and devise unto my s'd Son George & the 
heirs male issue of his Body forever, as also the Slaves that be- 
long to & are now Seated upon Rippon plantation & in case of 
failure of issue male of my son George then I do give these 
houses, Lands & slaves unto my son Landon & the heirs male 
issue of his Body, & for want of such to my Son Robert & his 
heirs male. 

It is my will that my bank stock in the hands of Mr. Perry & 
Mr. Dawkins be kept at Interest as it is until my son George 
comes to the age of one & twenty years; that the Interest of the 
Said money be carried to the credit of my Ex' tors for the an- 
swering my Legacies & incumbrances & maintenance of my 
younger children, particularly my Son George three thousand 
of Said Bank it is my will be paid & delivered unto my son 
George when he comes of age, the remaining ^1,250 of Bank 
Stock if the s'd bargain takes effect for L. Boyd's Estate as 
aforesaid, So that the s'd Landon doth not enjoy any of the s'd 
,£3,000, but come to the Estate upon the bargain as aforesaid, 
then it is my will that one moiety of the S'd ^1,250 Bank Stock 
do go unto my Son Landon, the other moiety to belong to my 
three eldest Sons for discharging my Legacies & incumbrances. 

I do give and devise unto my Son Charles the Lands I bought 
of John Mercer & his Wife adjoining to the Lands of my Falls 
Quarter, to him my Son Charles & the heirs male issue of his 
Body lawfully begotten, & for want of such to go according to 
the intail of the rest of the Lands given unto my Said Son 

I do give and devise unto my Son George three thousand 
acres of Land, part of my great Tract upon the Branches of 
Potomac Creek in Stafford County to be laid off at the upper 
end of the said Tract, to include and take in the plantation called 
Carter's Park, the negroes however who are upon the Said Park 
Quarter Plantation to belong to my son Charles according to the 
direction of my will, these three thousand acres of Land I devise 
to my said son George & the heirs male issue of his Body law- 
fully begotten & for want of Such unto my son Landon & the 
heirs male issue of his Body lawfully begotten, & for want of 
such to go according to the intail of my will. 


I do give unto my son George the negroes I lately bought out 
of Mr. Page's estate, being in number twenty six, to be Seated 
& planted & kept upon the said three thousand acres of land 
for the use & profit of my Said Son George. 

Whereas I have given unto my son John my tract of Land 
called the lodge upon Cedar run, it is my will that he my son 
John have & enjoy the slaves & stocks that are upon the Said 

It is my will that my Son George be kept at school at the Col- 
lege of Wm. & Mary two years longer & that then he be Sent 
to the University of Cambridge for an education, the charge of 
his education to be born by my ex' tors and out of the interest 
of my Said son George's Bank stock, & if my ex' tors his Bro- 
thers See it so fitting that he my son George may be entered 
first at the Inns of Court, that if his inclination & capacity Lead 
that way he may be bred to the Law. 

It is my will and I do appoint my Son Landon to be one of 
the Ex' tors of this my will. 

Whereas I have given to my Son Charles my negroe man 
Tom Gumby, his wife and children, I revoke that part of my 
will & I do give them to my son Robert, Excepting the girl 
Mary which I leave to my Son Charles. 

It is my will that some young negroes of those I have given 
to my son George be bred up Trades men, Carpenters & Coop- 
ers for ye use of his plantations. 

It is my will that when my grandson Robert Carter Nicholas 
arrives to the age of ten years there be paid to his Father by my 
Ex' tors the sum of ^5,000 to be by him put out to interest for 
the use & benefit and toward the maintenance of my said grand- 

Whereas in the dispose of those slaves that are to belong to 
my Son Robert I have done my endeavor to annex them so to 
his Lands to prevent his sale and dispose of them from his pos- 
terity, however notwithstanding in Regard his present wife 
brought to her husband, my s'd son Robert, considerable for- 
tune, I think it but justice to declare that it is my will that she, 
my s'd son Robert's wife, if she survive her s'd husband shall 
have her right of dower out of the s'd Slaves during her natural 




Whereas Mann Page, Esq., my Sons Robert & Charles, with 
myself, are in a company for the working & carrying on a cop- 
per mine upon a certain tract of Land going & known by the 
name of Frying pan & that we have already seated the s'd Land 
being at great charges in taking up large Quantities of Lands 
contiguous and are under several contracts to one another for 
the working and carrying on the s'd copper mine, it is my will 
and desire that the subsisting contracts shall all be performed & 
I do will and devise all my part in the s'd estate as Lands, slaves, 
servants, &c. , unto my son John & to heirs male issue of his 
body lawfully begotten, & for want of such unto my Son Lan- 
don and to the heirs male issue of his body lawfully begotten, & 
for want of such unto my son George & to the heirs male issue 
of his Body lawfully begotten, & for want of such to be as joint 
estate unto my sons Robert & Charles & their heirs forever. 

It is my will that if my daughters Mary & Lucy shall be alive 
five years after my decease that there be paid to each of them 
the sume of ^200 more than the Legacies I have given them by 
this my will, and that either my said daughters should dye be- 
fore that time leaving child or children behind them, that then 
such sum be paid to such child or children when the said term 
of time is expired by my ex' tors out of the estate I have given 
to them. 

It is my will that notwithstanding any thing contained in my 
aforesaid will my debts in Va. shall belong to and be deemed a 
part of my estate for the Satisfying my Legacies & incumbrances. 

It is my will that the aforesaid writing contained in four sheets 
of Paper be constructed, deemed & taken to be a part of my 
said will & to be a revocation of so much of it as it contradicts. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal this 
ninth day of June in the year of our Lord 1730. 

It is my earnest desire to my sons & to every one of them 
respectively that they always & upon all occasions behave them- 
selves as loving brethren to one another & that upon any con- 
troversies or diferences that may arise between them they alwaies 


submit the determination thereof to their Friends & relations & 
that they do not hawl one another to the Law. 

Robert Carter L. S. 

Signed, Sealed & published in presence of us, Richard Chap- 
man, Rich 11 Talent, John Conner, John Toulton. 

4th Sheet of this addition to my will. 

Rob't Carter. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Robert Carter, of Lancaster 
Co., being in a declining State of Body but of sound mind & 
memory, Whereas I have made my last will & Testament at 
Sundry periods of time, to-wit: on the 22nd day of August, 
1726, on the nth day October, 1726, on the 12th day Septem- 
ber, 1728, & on the 9th day of June, 1730, since which time by 
sure losses, the great fall of Tobacco & various other misfortunes, 
my circumstances are very much reduced at this day. And 
whereas in my s'd will I have given & ordered large legacies to 
my children & grand children which my estates is no waies able 
to Support to prevent the ruin & undoing of my Sons, I do 
revoke & reduce the said in the following manner: 

My Daughter Harrison's Legacy of ^500 I reduce to ,£250. 
Her daughter Betty's Legacy of ^500 I reduce to ^200. Her 
daughter Ann's Legacy of ^500 I reduce to ^200. My Daugh- 
ter Page's Legacy of ^300 I reduce to ,£250. Her son Mann 
Page's Legacy conditionally as my will directs of ^300 I reduce 
to £100. My legacy of ^300 to Carter Page payable as my will 
directs I reduce ^150. The' Legacy to John Page payable as 
aforesaid of the ^300 I reduce to ,£100. 

My Legacy of ^300 to my daughter Nicholas I reduce to 

Memorandum : The ^50 given to my daughter Nicholas for 
ear rings I have already paid her in plate. Her Son John's 
Legacy after the manner I have expressed in my will first men- 
tioned ;£ioo & then ^300 I reduce to ^100. 

My said daughter's son George's Legacy in the manners as is 
Exprest altho' it's twice mentioned is to be but ^100. 


My Grandson Lewis Burwell's Legacy instead of ,£300 is to 
be but ^100 under the condition mentioned. 

Carter Burwell's Legacy under the Condition mentioned of 
^300 I reduce to ,£100. 

Robert Burwell's Legacy of ,£300 under the condition men- 
tioned I reduced to ,£100. The Legacy of ,£1,500 to my son 
Landon & the Legacy of ,£875 him, both these Legacies I reduce 
to ^500, to be paid at two Successive payments after he comes 
of age. 

The half of my Bank Stock first given to him my Son Lan- 
don I have already revoaked. 

The Legacy of ,£300 given to my son George at his age I 
make payable at three yearly payments. 

The Legacy of ^500 to my Robert's daughter Elizabeth under 
the Condition mentioned I reduce to ^300. The .£300 Legacy 
to my Grandson Mathew Page I reduce to ^100. 

The Legacy of ^300 to my grandson Robert Page I reduce 
to ^100 under the Condition mentioned. 

The. Legacy of ,£3,000 Bank Stock to my Son George I re- 
duce to ^1,500. 

The Legacy of half the remaining part of my Bank Stock to 
my son Landon I entirely revoke, having made other provision 
for him. 

The Legacy of ^300 to my grandson Robert Carter Nicholas 
under the Condition mentioned I reduce to ^200. 

The Legacies of ,£200 apiece to my Daughters Mary & Lucy 
payable five years after my decease I reduce to ,£100 to each. 

And instead of my daughter Lucy receiving the portion I have 
given her in three yearly equal payments my will is it be paid to 
her in six yearly equal payments. And also my will is that my 
Ex' tors have five years to pay my daughter Mary's portion in, 
by equal payments from her age or marriage. 

And whereas I have given in several parts of my will the use 
& profits of my Slaves only to my sons, & have endeavoured to 
vest the property in their Sons & heirs to prevent their Father's 
Selling or disposing of them, all the Clauses of this nature I do 
absolutely & entirely revoke & I do give my slaves to my respec- 
tive sons according to my designation in my will unto my said 


respective Sons & to their heirs forever as a real estate & de- 
scendable according to the terms of our late negro law. 

And whereas I have ordered my son George an university 
education, I have seen such bad effects of it that I leave the care 
of him to the disposal of his Brothers, particularly my son John 
& after a year's stay more at the College if he thinks titt to breed 
him up in the Secretary's office. 

My will is that if my Grandson Benj. Harrison live to the age 
of ten years there be paid to him by my Ex' tors the Sum of 
^200, to be laid out in young negroes between the ages of ten 
& fifteen years, one half of them to be females. My will is 
that if my grandson Robert Carter live to the age of ten years 
there be paid to him by my Ex' tors the Surae of ,£200, to be 
laid out in young negroes between the ages often & fifteen years, 
one half of them to be females. 

It is my will that this writing contained in two Sheets of paper 
be deemed & taken to be a part of my will, & to be a revocation 
of my Legacies as far as it goes, as also an alteration of my will 
as far as it is contradictory to it. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 
three & twentieth day of July in the year of our Lord one thous- 
and seven hundred & thirty. 

Robert Carter (L. S.) 

Signed, Sealed & published in the presence of 

Rich. Chapman, Rich. Talent. 

John Conner, John Toulton. 

Virginia — ss. 

Memorandum that the General Court of this dominion, be- 
gun and held at his Majesty's Royal Capitol in the year of our 
Lord MDCCXXII, this will, contained in forty sheets of Paper, 
was presented in Court & proved by diverse of the witnesses 
thereto, that is to say, the former part thereof, contained in 
twenty-eight Sheets of Paper, was proved by the oaths of Rich- 
ard Lee and Thomas Edwards, other part thereof Contained in 
the next sheet by the oath of the Said Lee, other part of the 
same contained in the five next sheets by the oaths of the Said 


Lee and John Conner, and the rest of the will contained in the 
six last Sheets by the Oaths of Richard Chapman and the Said 
Conner & John Carter, Esq., Charles Carter & Landon Carter, 
gen. Ex' tors therein named, made oath thereto according to 
law, and there upon the Same was by the Court ordered to be 
recorded and certificate for obtaining a probate thereof in form 
was granted to the Said Executors. 

Test Matt. Kemp, C. & C. 

Copy Teste Wilson Allen, C. G. C. 


This list of original members of the Society of the Cincinnati 
in the State of Virginia has been compiled by John Cropper, 
Esq., President, from the list in the possession of the Secretary- 
General and the original minute-book of the Society. The rank 
put opposite each member's name is the actual rank without re- 
gard to brevets. 

Allen, David Lieutenant. 

Allison, John Lt. Colonel. 

Anderson, John Captain. 

Anderson, Richard Clough. , Lt. Colonel. 

Armand, Vogluson Captain. 

Baldwin, Cornelius Surgeon. 

Ball, Burgess Lt. Colonel. 

Ball, Daniel. Ensign. 

Balmain, Alexander Chaplain. 

Barrett, Chiswell Lieutenant. 

Barrett, William ,-. Captain. 

Baskerville, Samuel Lieutenant. 

Baylis, Henry. Ensign. 

Baylor, George Colonel. 

Baytop, James Captain. 


Beale, Robert Captain. 

Bedinger, Daniel Ensign. 

Bedinger, Henry Captain. 

Bell, Thomas Captain. 

Bentley, William Captain. 

Bidley, Thomas Major. 

Belfield, John Major. 

Blackwell, John Captain. 

Blackwell, Joseph Captain. 

Bland, Theodoric, Jr. Colonel. 

Bohannon, Ambrose Capt. Lieutenant 

Booker, Samuel Captain. 

Bowles, Henry Captain. 

Bowne, Thomas Lieutenant. 

Bowne, William Lieutenant. 

Bowyer, Henry. Lieutenant. 

Bowyer, Thomas Captain. 

Bradford, Samuel Killett Capt. Lieutenant. 

Breckenridge, Alexander Captain. 

Breckenridge, Robert Lieutenant. 

Brooke, Francis T Lieutenant. 

Brooke, John. Lieutenant. 

Brown, Jacob R Lieutenant. 

Brown, William Surgeon. 

Browne, Thomas Captain. 

Buckner, Thomas Captain. 

Buford, Abraham Colonel. 

Butler, Laurence Captain. 

Burwell, Nathaniel Captain. 

Cabell, Samuel Jordan Lt. Colonel. 

Callendar, John Capt. Lieutenant. 

Callender, Eliezer (Virginia State Navy) Captain. 

Callis, William Overton Lieutenant. 

Campbell, Archibald Lieutenant. 

Carnes, Patrick Captain. 

Carrington, Clement Lieutenant. 

Carrington, Edward Lt. Colonel. 

Carrington, George ...Lieutenant. 

Carrington, Mayo Captain. 


Claiborne, Richard Lieutenant. 

Clark, Edmund Lieutenant. 

Clark, Jonathan Lt. Colonel. 

Clark, William Lieutenant. 

Clay, Matthew Lieutenant. 

Clayton, Philip Lieutenant. 

Cocke, Colin Captain. 

Coleman , Samuel Lieutenant. 

Coleman, Whitehead Captain. 

Conway, Joseph Lieutenant. 

Cooper, Leonard Captain. 

de Corny, Louis Dominique Ethis Colonel. 

Craddock, Robert Lieutenant. 

Crawford, John.... Lieutenant. 

Crittenden , John Capt. Lieutenant. 

Crohan, William Major. 

Cropper, John Lt. Colonel. 

Crump, Abner Captain. 

Crute, John Lieutenant. 

Dabney, Charles Lt. Colonel. 

Dade, Francis Captain. 

Darby, Nathaniel Lieutenant. 

Davies, William Colonel. 

Dick, Alexander Major. 

Drew, John Lieutenant. 

Duff, Edward Surgeon. 

Eddins, Samuel Captain. 

Edmunds, Thomas Captain. 

Edwards, Le Roy Captain. 

Eggleston, Joseph Major. 

Eskridge, William Lieutenant. 

Febiger, Christian Colonel. 

Fenn, Thomas Capt. Lieutenant. 

Field, Reuben Captain. 

Fitzgerald, John Captain. 

Fox, Nathaniel Captain. 

Fox, Thomas Captain. 

Gamble, Robert Captain . 

Gaskins, Thomas Lt. Colonel. 


Gates, Horatio Maj. General. 

Gibbon, James Lieutenant. 

Gibson, John Colonel. 

Gill, Erasmus ... Captain. 

Graham, Walter , Capt. Lieut. 

Graves, William , Cornet. 

Gray, Francis Lieutenant. 

Gray, George Captain. 

Gray, William.... Lieutenant. 

Grayson, William Colonel. 

Green, Gabriel Lieutenant. 

Green, John Colonel. 

Green, Robert Lieutenant. 

Griffith, David Chaplain. 

Hackley, John Lieutenant. 

Harris, John Lieutenant. 

Harris, Jordan Ensign. 

Harrison, Charles Colonel. 

Harrison, Benjamin, Jr.... ..Dept. Paymaster General. 

Hawes, Samuel Lt. Colonel. 

Hays, John Major. 

Heth, Henry Captain. 

Heth, John Lieutenant. 

Heth, William. Colonel. 

Higgins, Peter Lieutenant. 

Hite, Abraham Captain. 

Hite, George Lieutenant. 

Hite, Isaac Lieutenant. 

Hoard, Thomas Captain. 

Hopkins, David Captain. 

Hopkins, Samuel Lt. Colonel. 

Hughes, Henry Ensign. 

Hughes, Jasper , Cornet. 

Hughes, John Captain. 

Innes, James Lt. Colonel. 

Jameson, John Lt. Colonel. 

Johnston, John Boswell Captain. 

Johnston, Peter Lieutenant. 

Johnston, William Captain. 


Jones, Albrigton Lieutenant. 

Jones, Charles Lieutenant. 

Jones, Churchill Captain. 

Jordan, John Captain. 

Kendall, Custis Captain. 

Kennon, Richard Lieutenant. 

King, Elisha Lieutenant. 

Kirk, Robert Lieutenant. 

Kirkpatrick, Abraham Captain. 

Langham, Elias Lieutenant. 

Lapsley, Samuel Captain. 

Lawson, Robert Major. 

Lee, Henry Lt. Colonel. 

LeMaire, Jacques Lt. Colonel. 

Lewis, Charles Colonel. 

Lewis, George Captain. 

Lewis, William Major. 

Lind, Arthur Capt. Lieutenant. 

Lovely, William Lewees Captain. 

Ludeman, John William Lieutenant. 

Mabon, James Captain. 

Magill. Charles Major. 

Mallory, Philip Captain. 

Martin, Thomas Lieutenant. 

Massie, Thomas ■••• Major. 

Matthews, George Colonel. 

Matthews, Thomas Lt. Colonel. 

Maury, Abraham Lieutenant. 

McClurg, James Surgeon. 

McGuire, William Lieutenant. 

Meade, Everard Major. 

Meade, Richard Kidder. Lt. Colonel. 

Meredith, William Captain. 

Merriwether, James , Lieutenant. 

Merriwether, Thomas Major. 

Middleton, Basil Surgeon. 

Miller, David Lieutenant. 

Miller, William Capt. Lieutenant. 

Morgan, Daniel Brig. General. 


Morgan, Simon Captain. 

Morrow, Robert Captain. 

Moseley, William Major. 

Mosseley, Benjamin Lieutenant. 

Miihlenburg, John Peter Brig. General. 

Munroe, James Major. 

Nelson, John •••- Major. 

Nestell, Peter (N. Y.) Capt. Lieutenant. 

Neville, John Colonel. 

Neville, Presley Lt. Colonel. 

Nixon, Andrew Captain. 

Norvell, Lipscomb Lieutenant. 

O'Neal, Ferdinand Captain. 

Overton, John Captain. 

Overton, Thomas Captain. 

Parker, Alexander Captain. 

Parker, Josiah Colonel. 

Parker, Thomas Captain. 

Parsons, William Captain. 

Payne, Josiah Ensign. 

Paynes, Thomas Captain. 

Pelham, Charles Major. 

Pemberton, Thomas Captain. 

Pendleton, Nathaniel Captain. 

Perry, John Cornet. 

Pollard, Benjamin Captain. 

Porterfield, Robert Captain. 

Posey, Thomas Lt. -Colonel. 

Poulson, John Major. 

Powell, Robert Captain. 

Pryor, John Capt. -Lieutenant. 

Cjuarles, Robert Ensign. 

Quarles, William P Lieutenant. 

Ragsdale, Drury Captain. 

Randolph, Robert Captain. 

Rankin, Robert Lieutenant. 

Ransdell, Thomas Captain. 

Rey, Andrew Surgeon. 

Riddick, Willis Captain. 


Ridley, Thomas Major. 

Robbins, John Lieutenant. 

Rodgers, John Captain. 

Roney, John Lieutenant. 

Rose, Robert Surgeon. 

Roy, Beverly Captain. 

Russell, Albert Lieutenant. 

Russell, William... Colonel. 

Sansum, Philip Captain. 

Savage, Nathaniel Littleton, Jr Lieutenant. 

Scott, Charles Lt. Colonel. 

Scott, Charles Cornet. 

Scott, John Ensign. 

Scott, Joseph, Jr , Captain. 

Selden, Samuel Lieutenant. 

Simms, Charles Lt. Colonel. 

Singleton, Anthony Captain. 

Shelton, Clough Captain. 

Skinner, Alexander Surgeon. 

Smith, Ballard Lieutenant. 

Smith, Larkin Captain. 

Snead, Smith Major. 

Southall, Stephen Lieutenant. 

Starke, Richard Lieutenant. 

Stephenson, David . ...Major. 

Stevens, William S Lieutenant. 

Stewart, Philip Lieutenant. 

Stith, John (ist) Captain. 

Stith, John (2d) Captain. 

Stribling, Sigismond Captain. 

Stubblefield, Beverly Captain. 

Swearingen, Joseph Captain. 

Taliaferro, Nicholas Lieutenant. 

Taylor, Richard Lt. Colonel. 

Temple, Benjamin Lt. Colonel. 

Thornton, Presley Captain. 

Throckmorton, Albion Cornet. 

Tinsley, Samuel Cornet. 

Trabue, John. ..Ensign. 


Towles, Oliver Lt. Colonel. 

Turberville, George Lee Major. 

Upshaw, James Captain . 

Vanderwall, Marks Lieutenant. 

Vowles, Henry Capt. Lieutenant. 

Waggoner, Andrew Major. 

Walker, David Lieutenant. 

Wallace, Gustavus Brown Lt. Colonel. 

Wallace, William B Lieutenant. 

Warfield, Walter Surgeon. 

Washington , George Augustine Lieutenant. 

Waters, Richard C Capt. Lieutenant. 

Watts, John Captain . 

Weeden, George Brig. General. 

White, John Lieutenant. 

White, Robert Captain. 

White, William Captain. 

Whittaker, William Lieutenant. 

Williams, David Lieutenant. 

Williams, James Captain . 

Willis, John Major. 

Wilson, Willis Lieutenant. 

Winston , John Captain. 

Winston, William Lieutenant. 

Wood, James Colonel. 

Woodson, Robert Captain. 

Wright, James Captain . 

Yancey, Robert Captain. 

Yarborough, Charles Lieutenant. 

Young, Henry Captain. 



The following letters — originals of which are among the MSS. 
collection of the-Virginia Historical Society — are printed accord- 
ing to date. They were all addressed to Hon. Thomas Adams, 
one while he was visiting London, the others to him in Rich- 
mond or Philadelphia: 

W m burgh, Virg\ Dec r nth, '771-2. 

I have wrote more than once to England for Scapula 's Lexi- 
con. I have been as often assured, that no such Book can be 
found in the Shops. But I fancy my Correspond' 5 never applied 
to the proper Places, where Classics are sold. Will you be kind 
enough to repeat the Search, if convenient, or, if you hear of it 
in any old Library, buy & send it me by the first Opportunity. 
If I could ascertain the Price, I would send you the money; 
but will take care to remit it upon the receiving of the Lexicon. 
I am D r S r , y r mo. ob' Serv', 

Edm. Randolph. 

London, 10 March, 1775. 
Dear Sir, 

Before this reaches you, you will probably have seen your 
old acquaintance Mr. Edw d Browne who sail'd for Virg a in Jan y 

The Prospect, Cap 1 Norwood, now goes out to load for me in 
York River, & if y r other engagements do not prevent it, I w d beg 
leave to solicit y r kind assistance. I know it is in your power to- 
do me much service, which you may be sure I shall always grate- 
fully acknowlege. Your orders being conveyed in time either 
to Cap 1 Norwood or Outram will be properly attended to. I 
have been so perfectly fatigued with helping to prepare & pre- 
sent the London merch ts several petitions respecting the Ameri- 
can Affairs that I am almost worn out in constant service night 
& day ever since the 4th of Jan J . Our applications have beea 


treated as in great measure they deserved, because the Ministry 
knew well enough the Merch ,s , except 2 or 3 of us, were not at 
all serious; hence it is, that our petitions are almost all, but the 
last to the H. of Lords, little else than milk & water. The 
Glasgow Merch' 3 played the same game but with less trouble, 
they sent a strong petition to the H. of C. in favour of America, 
but at the same time gave L d North to understand by their mem- 
ber P. F. Campbell, that they did not mean any opposition, but 
to gain credit in America, & thereby more easily collect their 
debts. This is currently reported here but I cannot vouch it for 
fact, therefore only mention it as a report. However it is certain, 
that since the petition we have heard nothing more from Glasg w . 
You have fully the ministerial system of Tyranny plan'd for 
you — No one here can so well point out the best plan of oppo- 
sition as vou can yourselves, but oppose you will at all hazards 
I firmly hope & believe. 

I am D r Sir y rs Sincerely, 

William Lee. 

York, July 15, 1775. 

I rece'd from Mr. Pendleton at the last meeting ^21 of the 
Fifty that he said was due to me, but without any account. I 
beg you will bring him to a Settlement, & transmit to me by 
Col Nelson the ballance together with a State of the account; 
for at a time when I am obliged to pay a large Sum yearly for 
my Office, without receiving any advantage from it, I am really- 
put to great difficulties. I am Sir 

Your most h ble Serv' 

Thos. Nelson. 

Lee Hall, June 29th, 1778. 

I see the haughty Court of G. B. & their Commissioners have 
sent an insulting Message offering Pardons to the Sovereign free 
and Independ. States of America. I have not the least room to 
doubt that it will be treated with the contempt it deserves. If 
America would exert itself these invaders might be driven off the 
Continent. Our Country seems to be asleep & I think our Gov- 


ernment wants energy. If you have a spare moment I shall be 
glad to hear from you. I am S r y r H ble Serv' 

Richard Lee. 

Philadelphia, 25th June, 1779. 
Dear Sir , 

I hear that your Assembly have ordered a Land Office to be 
Opened, you will remember Our Conversation, on this Subject, 
and what my Proposals on that Subject were, on which, I wish 
to know your Sentiments, as well as those of Your Friends. I 
mean to engage in Lands on a large Scale somewhere, & am at 
Presant disengaged, & undetermined, — my View generally is to 
engage in a Company who should take in a Sufficiency for a 
Small Government, suppose of One Hundred Miles Square, and 
those I can engage to come into it will be able to advance any 
Sum equal to the Undertakeing so that the Interest would in- 
stantly become Valuable. On the River Missisippi near Ilinois, 
On the West Side of the Ohio, or on the south side of Lake 
Erie are the lands I should prefer — your State will never be able 
to extend its Government to the Ohio for any Time, but the 
Disputes which must Soon arise about Jurisdiction &c. will ren- 
der the situation on the East Side of the Ohio for some time dis- 
agreeable. But I am Confident you will never be so mad as to 
entertain the Romantic Notion of including any thing beyond 
the Ohio, where a Government may be fixed to Our Own liking, 
indeed I must say that if Virginia acts wisely they will never 
oppose the Ilinois and Wabash Companies from possessing & 
Settling their Purchases, since the instant Settlements are begun 
beyond the River Ohio, the immense tract on this Side will rise 
in Value As fast as Continental money has depreciated. This 
comes by Mons. DeFraney, and I pray you present my Com- 
pliments to Col. Bannister and Col. Franey & consult with them 
on the subject — I am with much Respect Dear Sir, 
Your most Obed 1 & Very Hum 16 Serv\ 

Silas Deane. 



(Contributed by R. S. Thomas. 


Moon was a Burgess in 1639, 1652, 1654. 

In the name of God. Amen. I Captain John Moon of the 
Isle of Wight County in Virginia and Born at Berry near Gos- 
port in ye parish of Stoak in Hampshire in England, being in 
Health and good Memory (praised be God for it) do make this 
my last Will & Testament in manner as followeth. 

O Lord I have waited for thy Salvation and now O Lord into 
thy hands I commit my Soul or Spirit, for thou hast Redeemed 
it O Lord thou God of Truth and my Body unto ye Earth to be 
Interred in decent manner, being fully assured of its Resurr'ction 
and reuniting of it together again in that great Day of Gods 
power. And all my Worldly Goods I Give & Bequeath as is 
hereafter expressed. 

Imprimis. I give and Bequeath unto my loving & well be- 
loved Wife Prudance Moon (my Debts being paid) one fourth 
part of all my Movable Estate (that is to say) the same to be 
equally divided between my Wife and my three Daughters Sara, 
Susanna & Mary Moon, and for my Land & Houses I dispose 
of as followeth. I give and Bequeath unto my oldest Daughter 
Sara Moon and to her Heirs of her Body lawfully begotten for 
ever, my dwelling House now named Bethlahem, with all of 
Land & Houses from Pagan Creek, and joining upon Henry 
Watts' s Land unto ye Easterly side of the Reedy Swamp and to 
the mouth of ye Creek by the dwelling House. And unto my 
Second Daughter Susanna Moon I Give & Bequeath all the Land 
& Houses from the Reedy Swamp to the Westerly Side of the 
Land that Samuel Nickols now livith upon, on the Easterly side 
of Bethloham Creek that land now named Bethsaida to belong to 
her the said Susanna and to the Heirs of her Body lawfully be- 
gotten forever. And to my Daughter Mary Moon I Give and 
Bequeath all my Lands & Houses y 1 lyeth on Red Point side 


now named Bethany with that which Dennis Syllivant liveth 
upon and the Land belonging to the Poplar Neck that lyeth by 
the King of all places all which to belong to the Said Mary and 
to the heirs of her Body lawfully begotten forever. Now my 
Intent and Will is that if my Daughter Sara depart this Life 
without Heirs as above said that then Bethlehem her Inheritance 
shall belong to my Daughter Susanna Moon & her Heirs as 
above s d forever and that then half Bethsaida which is my 
Daughter Susanna's Inheritance shall belong to my Daughter 
Mary and her Heirs as above s d forever and half Sarah's Move- 
ables. Allso my Intent & Will is that if Susanna depart this 
Life without Heir as above s d before Sarah or Mary that then 
her Inheritance belong wholly to Mary Moon & her Heirs as 
above s d for ever. As also if Mary depart this life without Heir 
as above s d before Sarah or Susanna Moon that then her Inheri- 
tance to belong wholy unto Sussanna Moon & her Heirs as above 
s d forever. 

And also if Sarah Moon & Susanna Moon depart this Life 
without Heirs as above s d that then both of their Inheritances are 
to belong unto Sarah & her Heirs as above s d for ever & so 
accordingly & all other things here in giving & bequeathed my 
Intent & Will is that it shall belong unto the Survivour of them 
& her Heirs as above s a accordingly forever. And also my In- 
tent & Will is that my loving wife Prudence Moon shall be in & 
abide & dwell in my now dwelling House called Bathlehem 
House, with my Daughter Sarah Moon or Susannah Moon or 
Mary Moon or either their Heirs for and during the Widowhood 
of my well beloved Wife after my Decease as also so much land 
as is necessary for her own particular use for planting & pasture 
during the time above s d . And for my Children I charge you all 
before God & the Lord Jesus Christ who shall judge the Quick 
& the Dead that you demean yourselves loving, obedient, com- 
fortable unto your Mother all the days of her Life. And I 
charge you my beloved Wife that you provoke not your Children 
to Wrath lest they be discouraged, but bring them up in the nur- 
ture & Admonition of the Lord & live peaceably and lovingly 
together, and the God of Love & Peace will be with you; and 
the Lord direct your ways in all things & make you all to In- 
crease & Abound in Love one towards another & towards all 


men, and Stablish your Hearts unblamable in Holiness before 
God even our Father at ye coming of our Lord Jesus X' with all 
his Saints. And my Will is that my Brew House & Land be- 
longing to it at James Town be Sold toward ye payment of my 
debts. Allso there is a Certificate already granted for Seven 
Hundred acres of Land and Rights for two Hundred more, 
which nine Hundred Acres of Land my Will is that it Should 
be taken up in Some convenient place, and when it is taken up 
I Give & Bequeath three Hundred Acres of it unto my Wife 
Prudence Moon & her Heirs for ever, and the other Six Hun- 
dred Acres to be equaly divided between my three Daughters, 
Sarah, Susannah & Mary Moon & their Heirs for ever in man- 
ner & form as those other Inheritances afore s d is expressed. 
Also I Give & Bequeath unto Joan Garland, my wive's daugh- 
ter, four female Cattle & two Hogsheads of Tobacco to be de- 
livered if She be living or to her Child if living the year after 
my Decease. Also I give & bequeath unto William Wilson, 
my wive's Son, two female Cattle & two Hogsheads of Tobacca 
to be delivered if he be living the Year after my Decease. Also 
I give & bequeath unto Peter Garland, my wive's Son in Law, 
one Hogshead of Tobacco the produce whereof to be laid out 
in plate & kept in Rememberance of me & if living the Tobacco 
to be delivered as above s d . And further for my Land in Eng- 
land lying at Berry and Alverstoak in Hampshire near Gosport 
& Portsmouth the which when I was last in England I mortgaged 
unto Mr. Owen Jennings of Portsmouth for Two Hundred Pound 
Sterling Money, my Will is that if you cannot redeem it that 
then it be sold outright & the money to be equaly divided be- 
tween my three Daughters, Sarah, Susanna & Mary Moon in 
manner as is afore Said, only Ten pound Sterling of the Money 
that it is Sold for I give & bequeath unto the poor of Berry 
Five pounds of it, and the other Five pounds I give unto ye 
poor of Alverstoak, which Money is to be delivered into Ye 
Hands of ye Overseers for the poor in each place, to remain for 
a stock for ye poor to lett out, & the Interest thereof to be given 
to the poor in each place yearly. Also there is due to me Seven 
pounds odd Money from Mr. Jennings which he being my Attor- 
ney received for me for Rent due before ye morgaged took 
place & three Rundletts of Tobacco of about a Hundred pound 


weight that I left with him to Sell for my use, but I have not 
received anything from him Since, this also to be divided as 
above S d . Also I give & bequeath four female Cattle to remain 
for a Stock for ever for poor Fatherless Children that hath noth- 
ing left them to bring them up, & for Old People past their 
Labour, or Lame people that are destitute in the lower parish of 
the Isle of Wight County; the female from time to time to be 
disposed to those that do keep such persons to have the milk, 
Provided that those that have them be careful of those they 
receive & of their increase; My Will is that all the female in- 
crease from time to time be & remain for a stock for their use, 
& the Male Cattle & old Cows to be disposed of for Clothing & 
Schooling & the like necessaries for such persons in Condition 
as is before expressed, & the Overseers of Poor with Consent 
of my Children from time to time are to see this my Will in .this 
particular realy performed as it is in my Will expressed and not 
other ways. 

Recordatur 12 Augusti, 1655. 

Examined & truly Transcribed. 

Teste. Jas. Baker, C C ur . 


Upton was a justice of the peace for Isle of Wight county in 
1627, 1631-2, Burgess 1630, 1632-3, 1639, 1645, J 647, and Mas- 
ter of the Mint 1645. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Capt. John Upton, of the 
Isle of Wight County in Virginia, Gent, being sick of Body but 
in perfect memory, do ordain this as my last will and Testament 
in manner and form as followeth (that is to say), first I commit 
my Body to the Earth from whence it came, to be decently In- 
terred at the discreesion of my executrix hereinafter in these 
presents mentioned, and my soul to God hoping for salvation 
through the merits of my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and for 
such worldly goods as God in his mercy hath bestowed upon me 
I bequeath and Devise in manner & form following: Imprimis. 
Item. I give, Devise and bequethe unto my eldest son John 
Upton all that Tract of land being part of it in the Tenure of 


John King", James Bagnall and Nicholas Morris containing in the 
whole Eight Hundred and Fifty acres of Land, and if the said 
John Upton dies before he comes to be the age of one and 
Twenty years then I give and bequeath the said Land unto Wil- 
liam, Elizabeth, Sarah & Margaret Underwood to be devided as 
followeth (viz) Elizabeth, Sarah & Margaret Underwood each of 
them a Hundred acres, and the remainder to William Underwood. 
Item. I give and bequeath unto my said son one mare fole, and 
one cow with calf, being upon the probate of my will sett apart 
for him with their Increase, And if it shall happen that my said 
son dies before the age of one and twenty then the said mare 
fole and cow with their increase to be equally shared amongst my 
Daughters in Law, Elizabeth, Sarah and Margaret Underwood. 
Item. I give and bequeath unto William Underwood, Elizabeth, 
Sarah and Margaret Underwood, that tract or parcel of Land 
running upon this side of the Threshet near Ambrose Bennett's 
containing fifteen hundred acres of Land except and allways re- 
served out of this land Three Hundred acres which Mr. Robert 
Bracewell hath. I give and bequeath unto William, Elizabeth, 
Sarah & Margaret Underwood, all my land at Rappahannock or 
what shall be hereafter made good upon my rights they to be 
possest with it after my wife's decease. And for the rest of my 
estate, goods, chattels, servants, household stuff, Lands, Tene- 
ments, hereditaments whatsoever here in Virginia or elsewhere, 
after my debts, legacies and funeral rights paid & discharged, I 
give, Devise, and bequeath the same unto my very Loveing and 
Wellbeloved Wife Margaret Upton, whom I constitute, ordain, 
and make sole executrix of this my last Will and Testament. 
And I also hereby desire and make my Loveing friends Maj. 
George Fawdon, William Underwood and James Taylor Clark, 
my overseers, desiring them to see this my will performed. 
Likewise I give and ordain my Executrix to give each of my 
overseers a ring of Twenty shillings sterling price. Likewise 
ordain Ann Williamson, the wife of James Williamson, to be 
equal shares in my land at Rappahannock with the above named. 
Item. I give unto Elizabeth Underwood one pillion & pillion 
cloth to be delivered at her day of marriage. Further more I 
do by these presents revoke all former wills by me made except 
this my Last Will. In Witness, I the said Capt. John Upton, 


have hereunto set my and seal this sixteenth day of Janu- 
ary Anno Domini. 

It is to be understood that what land I have formerly disposed 
of in that tract of fifteen Hundred acres upon the property Am- 
brose Bennett's is to rest upon condition, and the remainder 
Divided as is before provided. 

Signed, John Upton, Sign r . 

Sealed & signed in the presence of us, 
John X Gallins, mark, James Tayler. 

This will was proved in court on the 16th of December, anno 
1652, by oaths of William Underwood & Edward Skinner. Re- 
corded 16 December, 1652. 

Examined & Truly Transcribed. 

Teste Jas. Baker, CI. C". 

(Will Book 8, p. 61.) 

In the name of God, Amen. I John Bennett being very sick 
and weak tho' in my propper senses makeing this my last will 
and testament. 

Item. I give and bequeathe to my eldest son, John Bennett, 
such a part of my land divided by a line running from a Beach on 
the swamp up the orchard, and so to a pine standing by Sarah 
Marton's. I likewise give him five pounds in cash. I give and be- 
queathe to my second son William Bennett the other part of my 
land whereon the house stands and I also give him five pounds 
in cash. 

It is my desire that my beloved wife Sarah Bennit have pos- 
session of every thing during her widowhood; if she marrevs 
again shall be disinherited of all but her thirds and all the negroes, 
stocks and everything else except the land, be equally devided 
between my four sons and two daughters: James Bennet, Jesse 
Bennet, Thomas Bennet, and Edmund Bennet, Martha Bennet 
& Lucy Bennet, &c. October the 4, one thousand seven Hun- 
dred and seventy. 

Signed. John Bennett | his mark. 

Probated December 6th, 1770. 


The estate was appraised January 29th, 1771, showing it had 
six negroes, £31. 3. 11. in cash, two horses, seven cows "2 
calves," four steers, seventeen sheep, five sows, twenty-four 
pigs, eight shoats, &c. 

[In Will Book 8, page 492, there is the following letter of 
William Bennet duly recorded.] 

Portsmouth, Sep r 28th, 1776. 
Dear Brother: these lines comes hoping to find you in good 
health as I am at present & thank be to God for it. This day 
it is supposed we shall imbark in order to sail to New York. 
Brother Jessee is well & in tolerable good health at present & 
he has inlisted for three years, he is to receive ten Dollars County 
Money & that unbeknowing to me he did inlist & if it please God 
I shall return again at the end of eighteen months & if I never 
should return I desire that every thing I have should be equally 
divided amongst the three brothers & two sisters their names are 
James, Thomas & Edmund, patty Dobbs & Lucy Stephens. I 
have nothing more at present to acquaint you with but that you 
accept of my good will to you cS: the rest and p'rmit to subscribe 
mvself your loving brother, 

William Bennet. 

N. B. The note of hand that John Leonard gave me I have 
sent to you by Richard Hardy. 

Returned unto the Court of Isle of Wight County, June 4th, 
1778, & ordered to be recorded. 

Teste Nathaniel Burwell, CI. Cur. 


In the name of God, Amen. I, Timothy Fern being week in 
body but perfect in sence & memory, do make this my last Will 
and Testament. Imprimis. I bequeath my soul to God, my 
Saviour Jesus Christ and my body to the Earth to be buried in 
Christian Burial. Item. I give and Bequeath unto my oldest 
son Two Hundred acres of Land whereon I now live, and One 
Hundred acres of the same land I give and bequeath unto my 
youngest son, my wife having the use of all the s d three Hun- 


dred acres of Land untill my sons come to perfect age, and if in 
case my eldest son should die before he comes to age, that then 
my Will is that One Hundred acres of the said land so given 
shall return unto my wife, and the other Hundred unto my 
daughter. And as for my land in Rappahannock if I enjoy it, 
I give it to my three children equally to be devided between 
them. Item. I give and Bequeath unto my wife four cows, and 
all my male Cattle only one Stear for my funeral. Item. I give 
and bequeath all my young female unto my three children equally 
to be devided amongst them. Item. I give unto my daughter 
one feather bed, and as for all the rest of my goods and chattels 
I give unto my wife making her my whole Execu* desiring my 
loving friends Daniel Boucher & John Manger to be my over- 
seers of this my will and Testament. Witness my hand this last 
of January, 165 1. 

Timothy X Fern. 

Signed & delivered in' the presence of, 

George X Gethe, 

Thomas X Dickson. 


Note by R. S. T. 

The last male descendant of this family that I know of was 
Meacham Fern who died at Fernsville (an old and well known 
seat in this county), in perhaps, 1S33. The inventory and ap- 
praisement of his property was returned to our County Court on 
May gth, 1S33. His personal estate was assessed at $9,715.09 
and the first item of his inventory is "gold and silver in his 
house," $583.40. He had ten slaves and it is curious to note 
the very low figures at which they were valued, as Randall, Sr. , 
$200.00, Randall, Jr., $300.00, Everell, $350.00, Dick, $300.00, 
Ned Parker, $350.00, Julia, $320.00, &c. 

James Young, son of Francis Young and Elizabath Bennett, 
married Lucy Fearn. Their children were: 

(1) John, married Fannie Bidgood, whose mother was a 

(2) James, married Lucy Ann Butler, and had a son, Wil- 
liam, who died young. 


(3) Elizabeth, married George Cobb, of Southampton, and 
died young-, leaving two children, Louisa and James, both of 
whom died unmarried. 

(4) Sally Nelson, married George Cobb after her sister's death, 
and had two daughters, Elizabeth, married Lewis E. Mason, son 
of John V. Mason; and died without children and George Anna, 
died unmarried. 


The last will and Testament of Roger Bagnall being very sick 
of body but in his perfect sense and memory thanks be to God. 
I bequeath my body to the ground and my soul unto God that 
gave it. I give and Bequeath unto my wife Rebecca Bagnall 
two cows and two Heifers of two years old a peice and two Year- 
ling Heifers, and that the aforesaid Rebecca do make good for 
the use of the children (if the estate will hold out) one yearling 
Heifer a peice unto each of my children one to be delivered, or 
to run for their use from the first day of April which shall be in 
the year 1649. I do further Bequeath unto my wife Rebecca 
Bagnall all my goods, Household Stuff and whatever doth belong 
unto the said Roger Bagnall, as crops of corn or Tobacco or 
Hogs, Land and plantation likewise untill my son James Bag- 
nall shall be a lawful Heir himself. And likewise whatever 
Debts, Bills or accounts that is by Bill or Account due unto me I 
here give and Bequeath them unto my wife. Item. I give and 
Bequeath unto my son James Bagnall when he is of age to en- 
joy it the Plantation I now live on unto the said James and his 
heirs forever with all the Housing and priviledge thereunto be- 
longing. And unto this my last will Testament I have hereunto 
set my hand this 19th day of October, 1647. 

Roger X Bagnall. 
Signed in the presence of, 
Joseph Weeks, 
Charles Stewart. 

Notes by R. S. T. — James Bagnall the son, and George 
Fawdon were members af the House of Burgesses from Isle of 


Wight in 1646. The last male descendents of this family were 
Henry Bagnall and Wiley G. Bagnall, both of whom died during 
the late war ' ' between the States. ' ' 

Henry Bagnall lived on James River at what is now called 
Godwin's Point, & Wiley G. lived below Carrollton at the farm 
now owned by J. W. Jordan. 


(Errata, page 392, Vol. V, Feb'ry 14 should be Feb'y 4; page 395, 
ditto, July 30th should be Jan'y 30th.) 

From my camp on y e South Side of Pamplico 15 miles above 

Bathtown, Feb'ry 25, 1711-12. 
May it please yo 1 ' Hon' 

No doubt but you admire that in all this time you hear no 

news of Major Gale who I'm afraid is either cast away or taken, 

for this government did not know one word of me untill I brought 

the news myself, and accordingly no provision made for us. 

[Here unfortunately the MS. is lost for several pages.] 

The broken MS. begins thus: 

Amends for his wounds. The Indians being more dextrous 
than us at taking slaves and be sure send him back for I hope 
by that time he will be fitt for service, if you order * * will be 
great encouragement to the rest of my men. I can't forget to 
recommend ye miserable condition of 300 widows & orphans that 
are here without provision or clothing and ill used * * by the 
dire effects of the barbarous enemy's rage. I cannot mention 
this without tears and humbly beg the Assembly & y r Hon r to 
commiserate their deplorable case, they are willing upon any 
Terms to transport anywhere for Relief. I heartily congratulate 
yo r Hon r for the continued successes of the prosperous arms of 
South Carolina. 

I am vo r Hon" most humble serv't, 

John Barnwell. 


New Berne, March 12th, 17 12. 
May it please your Hon', 

According to my usual method by way of Journal I proceed 
to give you an account of my proceedings since my last. 

Febrv. 26. This day I was joined by 67 men most of whom 
wanting ammunition. I exhausted all Pamplico garrisons to pro- 
cure them 10 shott a man, leaving not a single Bullett I could 
hear of, telling the people that they should be speedily supplied 
by a sloop which was speedily expected from Albemarle with 

27th. This day I was forced for want of provision to march 
towards K. Hancock's town hopeing to find some there, for af- 
ter a great many promises to supply me day after day with more 
men provisions and ammunition I waited so long for bread kind 
until half of men fell sick and willing to preserve the health of 
the rest, I proceeded to get that of the enemy which was de- 
layed by my Friends, which was so great an uncertainty that I 
was drawn by the utmost necessity to pursue such hazardous 

March 1st. I marched on foot w th 94 white men and 148 In- 
dians thro' a bad way for 16 mile for the late rains had raised the 
water in the swamps that we often waded above our waists. 

2. I proceeded to ye Town 12 miles more, but found it de- 
serted but to my great joy plenty of corn, but now we wanted 
pamplico beef. 

My scouts discovered a numerous enemy on the other side of 
the River (which is a branch of Neuse), who fired upon them 
but we being tired we rested that night. 

March 3d. I made sev" marches & Countermarches along the 
river to get over, but I found it in no place possible, for the floods 
were very high and the enemy had scuttled all the canoes & often 
fired at us. However I discovered a proper plan to make rafts, 
and was resolved next morning to pass there, it being * too 
late and the enemy watching us. Our scouts tooke a scout ol 
the enemy's who being tortured told me that the enemy had a 
strong Fort on the Contrary side of the river with about 130 
men in it, and that they had sent out to call in all their party. 
That they had but little powder w ch they bought with gold of 


white people, and that they hid the captives & their own women 
& children in a swamp, & that he will shew us ye canoe he came 
over in. I sent my major with 80 men to get it, but he returned 
about midnight with an account it was gone. 

4. I ordered Lt. Col. Brice before day to march with 70 men 
3 or 4 miles up the river with the trumpeters to seek a passage^ 
but if he could find none, then to order the trumpeters to sound 
<& huzza, and make as great noise as he could with his hatchetts, 
which having done for half an hour to return to me. In the 
mean time I marched down ye river very silently with the rest 
of the forces at the place appointed. I threw up a breast work 
with Fashines & made a raft that held 5 men, but before I could 
get men over, Brice returned & ye enemy waiting on him at ye 
contrary side and imediately to firing we went; I ordered the 
Raft off, the enemy wounded 2 of the men thereon, I got 2 more 
to supply it, and they got over safe, and tho' contrary to my 
orders they imeadiately mounted the bank before more got over, 
yet as soon as they did the enemy run like deer, upon which 
our Indians tooke ye river one & all w ch before I could not pre- 
vail with them to do, and pursued the enemy by night. We got 
all over & marched a mile when in some hours we found a Deer 
& a Turkey, w ch was a sure sign that the Enemy did not expect 
us to pay them a visit on that side of the river. They were 5 
South Carolina men that went first over on the Raft, for I could 
not prevail with one of this Country Cowardly Crew to venture, 
w ch was a presage of what followed. 

5. Before day I marched with about 100 men thro' the woods 
to get on the back side of ye Fort & left orders w th my major & 
Brice to march in ye road way by daylight with the remainder, 
and if I heard any shooting I would intercept ye ambuscades; 
but we all got to the Fort without any trouble. I imeadiately 
viewed the Fort with a prospective glass and found it strong as 
well by situation on the river's bank as Workmanship, having a 
large Earthen Trench thrown up against the puncheons with 2 
teer of port holes; the lower teer they could stop at pleasure 
with plugs, & large limbs of trees lay confusedly about it to make 
the approach intricate, and all about much with large reeds & 
canes to run into people's legs. The Earthern work was so high 
that it signified nothing to burn the puncheons, & it had 4 round 


Bastions or Flankers; the enemy says it was a runaway negro 
taught them to fortify thus, named Harry, whom Dove William- 
son sold into Virginia for roguery & since fled to the Tuscaruros. 
Yet hoping to finish the war by this stroke, where now all the 
principal murderers were in a pen, I encouraged my men by prom- 
ises, &c. I ordered 200 Fashines to be made which ye palatines 
well understood to do. I had them presently done. It is too 
tedious to inform yo r Hon 1 " all the particulars how I ordered the 
Attack; but in short, when we were got within 10 or 12 yards of 
the Fort the enemy made a terrible fire upon us without the least 
damage in the world, but this country base, cowardly people 
hearing the shott strike their Fashines, threw both them & their 
arms away & run for life, w ch not only left themselves exposed 
but also all those that went under their shelters; this encouraged 
the enemy to renew the firing, who deservedly shott sev" of them 
in their arses. In the mean time my brave South Carolina men 
* 23 of this country undauntedly kept their order. I ordered 
them to keep their stations until I brought up the runaways. 
But all my endeavour was in vain, tho' I mauled sev" w tU my 
cutlass, and as soon as they saw me running towards them they 
would scamper into the swamp that was hard by. I, seeing the 
confusion & being afraid that the number that drew the enemy's 
fire was insufficient to come at the Fort by assault, I ordered a 
retreat which was bravely managed, for every man got his Fash- 
ine on his back, and of my own number I had but one wounded; 
the most of them had 10 or more shott in his Fashine, but of the 
runaways there were 1 killed & iS wounded, and of the 23 that 
stood by my men there were 3 killed & 2 wounded, in all 4 killed 
and 20 wounded. It rained smartly during the attempt, w oh 
proved a great hindrance. I ordered the Indians to make a false 
attack on the contrary side, which they did with such caution 
that they had not a man hurt. At night I ordered some of my 
men to go up & bring off the dead men w ch was performed, only 
1 man they could not find. I endeavored to encourage the men 
to renew the attack in the night, but in vain, for I could get but 
16 with my own men, who never refused me any thing I putt 
them upon. 

March 6. I being uneasy how to dispose of my wounded men, I 
marched with 30 men along the River side for 6 mile, where it 


flows into Neuse to view the country and send an express to 
Neuse Garrison to bring up canoes to carry off ye wounded. In 
this march we mett 2 enemys who were so hard chased, that they 
threw away their packs & Guns & took the River. When I 
came to the Ferrying place on Neuse, ye enemy on the other 
side fired at us, so I considered it impracticable to send an ex- 
press without a strong detachment which I could not spare. At 
this 6 mile were new houses ab'uilding & plantations a clearing 
by ye Cove & Neuse Indians confederates to the Tuscaroras who 
deserted their other towns to be nearer the main body. As soon 
as I returned to the camp I ordered wooden spades to be made 
& more Fashines & poles got ready, and in the dark of the 
evening I crept on my belly within 30 yards of the Fort & per- 
ceived a curious plan to make a breastwork, that had more com- 
mand of the enemys canoes & water than they had themselves. 
To work I went & by morning had a re-intrenchment that held 
50 men. I doing of this I had 2 of my own brisk men wounded. 

7th. The enemy being terrified at our near approach, began 
to quit the Fort, but my men fired so hard at ye canoes that 
obliged them to return, I imeadiately ordered a party over the 
River, and so blocked up the Fort on all sides, then the enemy 
when they wanted water would send down the bank one of the 
English captives to fetch it, our men called to them to have pa- 
tience, for by next morning they should be delivered, at which 
the enraged desperate enemy began to torture them and in our 
hearing put to death a girle of S years of Mr. Taylors, upon this 
the relations of the other captives, came crying & beging of me 
to have compassion of the innocents, w ch was renewed by Cryes 
& lamentations of the Captives being about 35 or 40 yards of 
them, at last I was prevailed upon to call to the enemy, who 
sent out Mrs. Perce to me to treat about their delivery, she hav- 
ing 5 children within, w ob ye enemy refused on any terms to do 
but on condition I would raise the siege, otherwise they would 
put them all to death and fight themselves to the last man & 
beat us off. 

After an hours consideration, having consulted all the officers, 
upon this I with two more went up to the Fort gates to speak 
with the head man who dare not come out to me, I perceived two 
reintrenchments within the Fort & perceived a great number of 


men. I ordered one of my men to go in but they would not let 
him, pleading he might have pocket pistols, I perceived ye head 
men & others to tremble exceedingly. I found that in case I 
broke in, I should have hard work against a parcel of desperate 
villains who would do all the mischeif they could before their 
death. I knew I had not 30 men I could entirely depend upon, 
which if some of them were killed or wounded the rest of them 
would leave me in the lurch. Ammunition was so scarce with 
the North Carolina men, that some of them had not above 4 
charges. I considered that if the place was relieved by the up- 
per towns the enemy brag'd of as much as of the assistance of 
the senicas, most of my men would run away, & it would be 2 
nights more'before I could penetrate the Fort for want of spades 
& Hods, the ground being so rooty our wooded tools worked but 
slowly. And lastly I had more wounded men than I knew well 
how to take care of, and if the number should increase upon 
meeting a repulse I should be forced to leave them to the mercy 
of ye most Barbarous enemy. All w oh considerations obliged 
me to agree. That upon their delivering me up 12 Captives 
then in the Fort immediately & 2 canoes (w cb I pretended was 
to convey ye captives down) and on the 12th day after deliver 
me up 22 more captives 24 negroes that were hid in other places 
I would raise ye seige and that there should be a truce for the 1 2 
days that they may find out & bring the captives securely to 
Batchelours creek which is within 6 mile of New Bern where also 
the head men of the Tuscaroras was to meet me to treat about 
Peace, then I suffered 2 to go out to give notice along the Neuse 
River to their partys not to shoot at ye canoes when they went 
down, this they performed very faithfully, for the canoes met 
with sev 11 that spoke kindly to them, and told them they hoped 
before long to be good friends. Now for the delivery of the rest 
of the Captives I have only the faith of savages and the 19th in- 
stant will discover it. 

March'S. I left ye Fort & that night crossed ye River of 
Neuse at 6 miles off by the help of the canoes. 

9th. I marched 20 long miles, in which march I passed thro' 
Core town w ch certainly is the most lovely, pleasantest, Richest 
piece of land in either Carolina upon a navigable River. The 
Cores deserted it, and hid their corn, w ch is in abundance, in a 


great Swamp on the contrary sides of the River. I sent partys 
to search for it, for we are in extreme necessity. This day ar- 
rived here, being ye seat of the wise Baron. By the enclosed 
memorial sent to the Assembly here now sitting, you will per- 
ceive the barbarous entertainment I have had, which the Gov r 
could not help, for the people regard him no more than a broom 
staff, they pay much more deference to my cutlass which I now 
& then send some of their toping Dons. 

I must not forget one Mr. Mitchell, a Swiss brave gentleman, 
who for true valor & presence of mind in ve midst of action, 
accompanied with a gentle obliging carriage &. ingenious to a 
great degree rendered him ye most acceptable companion in 
this, my last Ramble. This good tempered gentleman is an 
agent here & in Portsmouth for the Canton of Bern, he had a 
mind to see South Carolina. I whetted his inclination as much 
as I could by showing the differance between both Governments. 
I am, Your Hon' 5 Most Obedient humble Servant, 

Jno. Barnwell. 

Fort Barnwell, April 20th, 171 2. 
May it please your Hon r : 

I will pursue my usual method of informing you of my pro- 
ceedings by way of Journal. Inclosed in my last you will find a 
memorial presenting to view ye miserable condition I was re- 
duced to by the wilfull neglect, designs & controversies of this 
government, who starved us here lest we should get provisions 
to enable us to depart their ungrateful service. Between ye date 
of my last & the 25th of March, Myself, Major Makay, Capt. 
Bull & sev" of my men fell sick & a great number of Indians of 
whom 4 or 5 died. My Major is just recovered. Capt. Bull 
not yet & more of my men in ye like case, all this occasioned 
thro' scarce & bad Diete & great cold. This prevented my 
meeting ye Enemy ye 19th instant at the place appointed, so I 
got Capt. Mitchell to go, but ye Enemy were worse than their 
words, w oh to make them sensible of I ordered my * * out who 
returned with 3 scalps. In the mean time the Assembly answered 
my Memorial with a paper full of Resolutions & addresses, 
wherein they tell me they passed an act in emulation of South 
Carolina but they are so choice of it that tho' it was a month 


ago they & some of them out of some refined kind of Polities 
keeps it private to themselves. I say some of them because I 
spoke both to some of ye Council & Assembly men who gave 
their votes & signed it that protested they could not inform me 
whether their men had 3d. or I2d. a day, this is extremely ridic- 
ulous & so hardly credible that when any body reads this & not 
consider that I write to ye government who placed me in this 
hon'ble post, they could not give credit to it. When I exam- 
ined a little further I found that 2 or 3 of ye Assembly supplyed 
ye rest of their wise Brethren with 'such plenty of punch that 
they voted, acted, signed & strip' d stark naked & boxt it fairly 
two & two, all the same day, Gov r Hyde with Collo. Boyd a 
member of ye Council, the only ragged gown parson with Mr. 
Speaker, the Provost Marshall with another hon ble member and 
so round it went. A good deal of such stuff as this made me 
laugh heartly since I came here where truly I had but small in- 
clination to mirth and I fancy you will do so when I tell you 
Col. Boyd informed me I was the occasion of all this for they 
were so long drinking my health that they knew not what they 
did, while poor me drink cold water, wishing for a little salt to 
season their grass & wampee I fed on instead of bread. I 
ought have gone this time to Little River & have partaken with 
ye rest, but then I should return to Charlestown Commander in 
Chief of myself & slaves, put ye government to another ^4000 
charge when they should be in so good a humor as they were 
this time. Col. Daniel will inform you ye distance between 
Coretown & Little River is above 200 miles. Excuse me for 
this Stuff. I am obliged to lay things naked that your Hon r 
may not puzzle yourself to conceive the true Reason of ye rest 
of their seeming unaccountable Politicks. 

March 25th. As soon as I recovered I ordered a garrison at 
Durhams over against Bath Town on ye South shore of Pamplico, 
to render ye communication between Pamplico & Neuse more 
practicable by Land, it being but 25 miles across the necke & 30 
miles by water. 

28. I ordered all the horses & Baggage to be transported 
from North side of Pamplico to ye Southside of Neuse that I 
might be ready to go home as soon as I could get provisions for 
6 days unto ye Cape Feare Indians. 


29th. Willing- to inform myself whether the Enemy main- 
tained their Fort & to get some corn if possible, I marched with 
15 white men & 30 Indians (not having provisions for a greater 
party) though this may be called a rash attempt, yet the Success 
answered ye opinion I had of the enemy I took Drums & Trump- 
ets. I encountered nothing till I came to Handcock's town where 
scouts surprised a party of the Enemy who were conveying corn 
into their Fort & brought in * * As soon as I heard the war 
whoop I ordered ye Drums & Trumpets to alarm & immediately 
marched up to 300 yards of the Fort & stayed a quart r of an 
hour in w ch time I got & secured some corn. I found they had 
built a new fort that extended from the old one to the ground of 
my former attack, a large ditch surrounded ye palisadoes & tho' 
there were in 6 y'ds of it I retreated to this place discovering 100 
bushels of corn hid up & down in the swamp. I pitched upon 
a place so naturally fortified that with a little Labour 50 men 
could keep off 5000. It lyes nigh the middle of Core Town on 
a point between Neuse River & a fine Branch two sides being 30 
feet high full of hanging rocks & springs, and the 3d side gently 
inclining to the plane like a natural Glacis which I fortified for 
180 feet to make each side equal, it is 1500 paces to the next 
wood, only on ye sides of ye hill and on both sides the brook 
there are large timber trees & firewood intirely w ,b in command 
of the Fort & lyeth 20 miles above New Bern & 7 mile from K. 
Hancock's town, it is a very charming place. 

30th. I sent express to new Bern to bring up some boats & 
tools; in the night they arrived. I imeadiately sent to bring into 
my Fort some corn & built Hutts to preserve it in, & sent for all 
my Indians (to encamp there), being dispersed all over the coun- 
try to subsist the better. 

31st. This day my Yamisees brought me a scalp belonging to 
one of ye enemy's scouts. I ordered the Indians to get parched 
corn flouer ready in order to return as soon as my horses come. 

April 1st. At last I received an express from Gov. Hyde that 
Coll Boyd was coming to join me w th 70 men. That there was 
2 sloops sailed with provisions and that a new Turn was given to 
affairs, and for the future I should have no reason to complain. 
This rejoiced me so that I sent express to ye sev aU Garrisons of 
Neuse to join me with all their able men; I ordered the new 


arrived corn to be brought to my Fort, and this night came up 
to me 10 gallons of rum, 2 casks of cider & a cask of wine. 

April 2nd. The fame of this liquor encouraged my white men 
in few days to 153 but was much surprised when I could not fur- 
nish them with more than 7 bullets a man & ye powder, & one 
of ye sloops having 115 bushels of corn to maintain the people 
that was coming to joine me gave out all but 52, w ch together w ,h 
all the corn I got with ye hazard of my life they devoured before 
they left me. As to the South Carolina sloop w ob was barba- 
rously stopt untill this day & my letter from y r Hon bk ' kept from 
me under ye pretense of loading corn for ye army, was sent to 
Bathtown with rum to sell for the Gov r and the corn put ashore 
there above 120 mile from ye army. Pray take Capt. Adlar's 

3. My scouts brought me a scalp of one of ye enemy's scouts 
this day. From this to ye 6th instant I waited for ye sev a11 de- 
tachments. All ye Field officers came without a dram, a bit of 
meese bisket or any kind of meat but hungry stomachs to devour 
my parcht corn flower, and they began to grumble for better 
victuals w ch putt me in such a passion at all kind of ill usages 
since I came here that I ordered one of their majors to be tyed 
neck & heels & kept him so, and whenever I heard a saucy word 
from any of them I imeadiately cutt him, for without this they 
are the most impertinent, imperious, cowardly Blockheads that 
ever God created & must be used like negros if you expect any 
good of them. I gott 2 three pounders, 2 patteraros, 7 Gra- 
nardo shells, 22 Great Shott but hardly powder enough for 10 
discharges. Coll Mitchell contrived sev 11 sorts of Ingenious 
Fireworks, & a mortar to throw them into the Fort ; these things 
I gott without any help from ye Publick. 

7th. At night I marched with 153 white men & 128 Indians to 
K. Hancock's t'ort, and before day blockt it up on all hands 
without any loss, For we were there before ye enemy was aware 
of us. From this to the 17th the siege lasted w ch was by way of 
approach, by w ch time we gained ye ditch & sev" times fired ye 
pallisades w ch ye enemy like desperate villians defended at an 
amazing rate. This siege for variety of action, salleys, attempts 
to be relieved from without, can't I believe be parallelled ag*' 
Indians. Such bold attacks as they made at our trenches fiinted 


the edge of those Raw soldiers, that tho' they were wholly under 
ground yet they would quitt their posts and with extreme diffi- 
culty be prevaled upon to resume them. The subtell Enemy 
finding the disadvantage they were under in sallying open to 
attack our works took ye same method as we did and digged 
under ground to meet our approaches, w ch obliged us to make 
sev 11 traverses and false approaches to deceive them. At last we 
got to the ditch and ye enemy had a hollow way under their 
pallisades that as fast as we filled ye ditch they would carry away 
the Fashines, & tho' we fired ye pallisades yet we could not 
maintain it. My men were so cowardly in ye trenches I was 
afraid to venture them to assault ye pallisades, and if I had 
gained them it would have been nothing towards reducing ye 
Fort. So as I was resolved to let the pallisades stand & work 
up to them, and then they would prove as good to us as the 
enemy; but this 15 foot cost us so much time untill I was thro' 
extreme famine obliged to hearken to a capitulation for the sur- 
rend'ng thereof upon articles, w ch leaves above 100 murderers 
unpunished besides the women & children of those villians killed 
& executed. Since my former attempts Virginia furnished them 
with 400 buckskins worth of ammunition w ch I was informed of 
by Gov r Hyde's letters and ye relation of ye redeemed captives. 
If North Carolina had but furnished me with but 4 days' provis- 
ion more I had in spite of all enemys, without firing many gunns 
more, entirely made a glorious end of the war. This Fort in 
both attacks cost me 6 white men & 1 Indian killed & 35 white 
men & 1 Indian wounded, but it is * * believe ye Report ye 
Captives give of ye enemy's loss considering how they were for- 
tified but it proceeded from their foolish salleys, w ch as they 
were desperate attempts so it is inconceivable what they meant 
by it, for we had 40 to one when they entangled themselves 
amongst our Trenches. If I have time before the Fleet sails I 
will in a sheet give you a journal of the seige, and in the mean 
time here are the heads of the Articles, Viz: 

First. To deliver up all the white captives and negroes imea- 
deately that are in ye Fort the rest in 10 days at my Fort. 

2. To deliver Up K. Hancock & 3 men notorious murderers 
that are alive & shall be named by ye Governor. 


3rd. To deliver up all the horses, skins & plunder what in ye 
Fort imeadiately & the rest at my town in ten days. 

4th. To come yearly to the Governor in March & pay Trib- 

5. To deliver 3 hostages immediately, viz: The brothers of 
the Tuscarora king & the cove king. 

6. To furnish me with all the corn in ye Fort for the depar- 
ture of my Indians. 

7. To make complaints regularly to Magistrates upon any 
quarrel between them & whites. 

8th. To plant only on Neuse River the Creek the Fort is 
on quitting all claims to other Lands. 

9th. To quitt all pretensions to planting, Fishing, hunting or 
ranging to all Lands lying between Neuse River & Cape Feare, 
that entirely to be left to the So. Carolina Indians, and to be 
treated as Enemys if found in those Ranges without breach of 
peace, and the Enemy's line shall be between Neuse & Pamplico 

* fishing on both sides Bear River. 

10th The flanks next the attack to be demolished imedeately 
and the English have Liberty to march thro' the same with all 
Ensigns of hon r and the rest of the Fort to be demolished in 2 
days & never to build more Forts. 

Lastly. In 20 days wait on the Governor & sign these & such 
other articles as shall be agreed upon; all these articles were per- 
formed thus: 

1 st. 24 Captives children were delivered & 2 negroes one of 
w oh being a notorious Rogue was cutt to pieces imediately. 

2d. King Hancock was gone to Virginia they will deliver him 
and 3 others when the Governor names them. 

3d. Most of the horses' skins & plunder they sold the Vir- 
ginia Traders, the remainder w ch but little they delivered. 

4. They would yearly come to pay tribute. 

5. They delivered 2 sons of the Tuscaroras King & a Brother 
of the Cove King. 

6. This was the hardest article, however, I got as much as 
furnished 40 Indians Essaws and Palatchees & sent them away, but 
to my great loss one of my slaves ran away with them. I gave 
Mr. C. ^35 for him & I suppose he is gone thither. Let me beg 
your Hon" favour to get him for me. 


7, 8, 9. Intirely agreed to by ye Tuscaruro Indians, but 
gruntted at by the Coves upon which they quarrelled, and had I 
but 4 days provisions I had contrived the matter so well that in 
that time I could oblige ye Tuscaroras to have delivered all the 
Coves for slaves. I will take another time to tell you how. 

10. They broke down Flanker. I ordered 2 files of So. 
Carolina men to take possession of the breach. Then I drew 
the whole body up before the breach & marched them into ye 
Fort. 2 Trumpets, 2 Drumms, So. Carolina Standard, Yamas- 
see & Apalatchka, Col. Boyd, Coll. Mitchell, Major Makay, 
Major Cole, myself gentlemen volunteers 2 & 2, So. Carolina 
men 2 & 2, ye Yamasse Cap" 2 & 2. I refused these country 
men to march with me Friday, but after I had gone thro' ye 
Fort (which amazed me) they had Liberty, for I never saw such 
subtill contrivances for Defence, but I found a good fire would 
have made greater Havock than I expected. There was a good 
number of sick & wounded & a very great mortality which with 
their nastiness produced such stink that I as soon as the Colour 
was raised on the Fort and the great guns fired & shrill huzzas, 
I made a short sharp speech to ye Rebells who hid all their arms 
& prostrated themselves their wives & children in my power, 
hoping I would be as good as my word & not take this advan- 
tage to murder them. 

I might see by the strength of the place a good many would 
be killed before it could be forced. Some base people was urg- 
ing to take this opportunity but I would sooner die. In truth 
they were murderers, but if our Indians found that there could 
be no dependence in our promises, it might prove of ill conse- 
quence besides 70 odd were not there w ch was a number sufficient 
to hinder all North Carolina from planting & I told them if they 
did approve of what I had done they might mend it which put 
them to silence. 

When we began the siege besides hardy boys that could draw 
bow there were 46 men at the Fort. I ordered 200 Volunteers 
to number them at this time, tho' none agreed in the exact num- 
ber yet they all agreed as there was above 80 so there was not 
one hundred. 

I am wild exclaiming against this place in writing but when 
I kiss vour Hand I have such a tale to tell of the barefaced vil- 


lainys daily committed here as will make y r Hon' for the future 
use this country as Virginia does. To spare my horses I walked 
on foot and came here, but now I find 2 of my horses rid to death 
the other 2 stolen, for after 10 days are not found, sv" of my men 
are in the same case. 

If yo r Hon r doth not think fitt to send back the shallop for me 

* * I would come by this opportunity but am unwilling to 
leave men * * * of whom 1 is killed, 10 wounded & 4 sick, 
so have not above 7 or S well with me. 

May So. Carolina flourish when I bleed & suffer * * * 
body do ten times more than I can pretend to do for its advance- 

May * * me and my poor men, and send some corn to 
help ye poor Yamassees home, they * * when all others Left 
me in the midst of my greatest extremity. 

I am with * * 

Your Hon rs most obedient Servant, 



Head of Elk, M'ch 3rd, 1781. 

The arrival of a French squadron in the Bay will have for some 
days raised your Excellency's Expectations and you have, I hope, 
Received a letter from me wherein I informed your Excellency 
that I was coming to Virginia with Continental detachment, and 
that the Commander in Chief had been pleased to give me the 
Command of an expedition against Portsmouth. Since that 
time our troops have marched with an extreme Rapidity, thirty 
miles some times in a day and through the most Heavy rains and 
difficult roads they arrived at Head of Elk this morning, which 
is three days sooner than was expected from the circumstance, 
our vessels have been found in Readiness and my best exertions 
are employed in procuring and embarking our stores and men 
as fast as possible. When your Excellency receives this we 


shall be very near, if not quite Ready. But the Return of Mons. 
de Tilly to Rhode Island must have retarded the preparation 
against Portsmouth. 

It is with the Highest Satisfaction that I can impart to your 
Excellency a [news] which has been communicated to Gen. 
Washington the necessity of keeping it from Everybody's 
knowledge is obvious, it is that Mons. de Tilly Having taken 
the Romulus, a British fifty gun ship. This vessel with the 
frigates will be sent into the Bay to protect our Operations. 
This has been said to me most confidentially. 

In consequence of this the Commander in Chief orders me to 
embark as soon as possible and Be Ready to sail when I hear of 
the arrival of french ships in the Bay. He also directs that I 
will send instructions to the Commanding officer in Virginia for 
to make every preparation to a speedy and powerful co-operation. 
I am told that Baron de Steuben does not command any more 
about Portsmouth and Has joined General Greene. 

I therefore Request that your Excellency be pleased to send 
the enclosed to the Commanding Officer whom I am to join 
and I beg you will add such instructions and orders as will for- 
ward our preparations. 

The first article is of course to collect militia. Our operation 
must be short. Arnold is marched. Tories, Sailors & perhaps 
Negroes will be added to His Regular troops. Some works 
must be made against fortifications, and for all this Your Excel- 
lency will be sensible of the Necessity to Have a large corps of 
militia. The detachment now at this place is of 1200 men. As 
to the disposition to be made of the militia the first point is to 
guard the posts and cut off all possibility of Escaping By any 
Bold or forced push. The second to avoid Being too much ex- 
posed before we come, and to be in a good situation to form a 

Provisions, Arms, &c. , for the militia will Require Your Ex- 
cellency's Attention, and as our Horses can be embarked at 
this place a great quantity of them, principally for the artillery, 
will be Requisite. 

I Beg leave to suggest to Your Excellency the propriety of 
Having some Heavy pieces and ammunition to add to our train 
of artillery. Boats to land our troops and scows for the can- 


non will be much wanting, and the greater abundance of Boats 
we can collect, the nigher to the Enemy we may venture to 

It will also Be Very important to add to the Squadron as many 
public or private armed vessels as can Be Collected. I Wish 
Some could have been sent up for our security during the pas- 
sage on the Bay down to the Mouth of James River where I 
expect the french Ships will be ready to Co-operate as much as 
it is in their power. 

Independant of the armed vessels it will be very Important to 
Have galleys that may enter the Rivers and perhaps annoy the 
enemy's flanks. The advantage of Having good pilots for the 
Rivers will appear obvious. 

(Give me Leave to Request Your Excellency to Be pleased to 
direct that the fort at York be put in the best State of defence, 
the Safety of the french squadron wholly depends upon this 
point and we Have assured them this fort would Be particularly 
attended to.) 

May I take the Liberty of addressing Your Excellency on a 
Subject Highly interesting to me. It is to Be Pleased to furnish 
me with the Best maps of that part of Virginia, and the most 
accurate accounts that may Be in Your Excellency's or any 
Body's possession; this Article is very essential. 

I Beg Your Excellency will excuse the liberty I take to Be so 
very particular and engross your time by the most minute de- 
tails, But I know that Your Excellency's Authority and personal 
influence can alone procure us the many articles Necessary to 
our Success. A large Body of Militia Collected in the Shortest 
time is absolutely essential. These considerations, Sir, Have 
emboldened me to the Liberty Which I have presumed to take. 

Humbly Requesting that Your Excellency Be pleased to 
answer to me both at Head of Elk and By the Commanding 
Officer near Portsmouth in case your letter comes Here too late. 

I have the Honor to Be with the Highest Respect, 

Your Excellency's Most obedient Humble Serv't, 

To Gov. Jefferson. 


Malvern Hills, July 27th, 178 1. 

Inclosed I have the Honor of transmitting Your Excellency a 
paragraph of a letter from Col. Parker and some papers men- 
tioned in it. 

I have the Honor to be 

Your Excellency's Ob't Humble Serv't, 

To Gov. Nelson. 

Camp Fork of York River, Aug. 17, 1781. 

I have been honored with Your Excellency's letter of the 15th. 
Inclosed is a copy of my letter to Mr. Clayborne which I am 
in hopes will put our business in a train, and, at least make Mr. 
Q * * # f ee i hi s mistake. 
I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency's Most Ob't S, 

To His Excellency Governor Nelson. 

Head Quarters, 20th August, 1781. 

Mr. Jones the Continental Field Commissary of Military Stores 
having represented that he cannot proceed in the execution of 
his department without a supply of Money. I have to request 
from your Excellency, your order on the treasury in his favor 
for a sum not less than thirty thousand pounds. 
I have the honor to be sir 

Your Excellency's most ob't serv't, 

To His Excellency Gov. Nelson. 

One of the fleet consisting of 30 sails. 24 taken by Mr. de la 
Motte picket. 

Holt's Forge, 2nd Sep., 1781. 
D r Sir, 

I wish I had the pleasure of seeing you, I have not been 


able to procure an interview with any of the Commissaries. 
(The French Troops are landing at James Town, so that I re- 
quest your Excellency should any of the Commissaries be within 
your reach you will do what is necessary on the occasion.) 
I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency Most Ob't 

To Gov r Nelson. 

Near Nowel's Mill, 4th Sept., 1781. 
D r Sir, 

(The French Troops are at Jamestown without provisions, par- 
ticularly without one grain of flour. ) I have not seen nor cannot 
find a commissary. Let me entreat your Excellency to forward 
in vessels all the flour within your reach. The want of provis- 
ions is what these troops have neither experienced the last nor 
the present war. 

(Perhaps the general has been more explicit in his letter to 
your Excellency respecting his route than in that to me. His 
Cavalry may come by land but I expect the other troops will 
come by Water from the Head of Elk.) The provision you may 
have set. apart for this purpose can be stored on the Potomack 
and Rappahannock. I have the honor to be my dear Sir, 
Your Excellency's most obedient 

To His Excellency Gov. Nelson 

Williamsburg, Sept. 8, 1781. 
D r Sir, 

Mr. Mason comes with a great character of his industry and 
ability in the Commissarial line. He will deliver Your Excel- 
lency this letter and will be able to tell you what is our present 
Situation. I have requested him to forward from Richmond, 
&c, whatever flour. &c, he may find. If any govermental 
assistance is necessary I pray your Excellency to afford it. 

I have the honor to be D r Sir. 

Your Excellency's ob't 

To Gov. Nelson. 



April 8th, 1896. 
Mr. James Bligh: 

S'r. Yours of the third of January Date, 1695-6, I received 
the beginning of August, 1695, by Cap' Bickford's own hands, 
together with the goods sent according to Invoice, which were 
all safe delivered. The Tob° I confess was both light and very 
ordinary, & consequently all things considered well sold, but I 
have now by Capt. Peter Baker consigned you a very good par- 
cell of very good Tob° & weighty as by the enclosed bill of load- 
ing you Will see; three of them are stemmed, sweet scented, 
very weighty as you will find when they come to be weighed, 
and as good sweet scented as any is made in York, which I have 
found my Returns for divers years both from London & Bristol 
equally sold with the best stemmed sweet from thence; the three 
sweet hh ds are numbered A. B. & C. The remainder is Aro- 
noko, some of it very good & some very heavy, but all of it 
both better & heavier than the best last year, which I assure 
myself you will take very good care to make a good market of. 
Now inclosed is a second bill of Loading for thirteen hh ds Tob°. 
I question not their meeting with a good Market under your 
conduct. I would have sent for the effects thereof a good ordi- 
nary Surveyor's Instrument fit for our Country's use, & the 
Remainder in ordinary Linnen, woolen, shoes & Iron ware, Such 
and so Sorted as may make a fit to trade w ith up the 

River; you know best how to suit it according to the money in 
your hand, & therefore shall refer the same to you. Inclosed is 
a bill of Loading for twenty hh ds of my Lord Fairfax but directed 
to you till his Lordship's farther order; therefore I would advise 
to send immediately to London a letter to my Lord Fairfax to 
be left at Mr. Perry's, Merchant in London, & there you will 

have speedy advice how to proceed. 

Your Wff. 

April 27, 1697. 
Mr. John Taylor: 

Sir. Last year I shipped & consigned to you thirteen hh d? 


of Tob° in Cap. Thomas Emmes; the ship I am sure arrived 
safe, & the Tob° was both good & well delivered to you accord- 
ing to bill of Loading, but to this hour have not heard a word 
from you. I am yet so charitable to think that your letters to 
me miscarried, but I can't imagine that a Merchant of your Port 
& Dealing but would so methodize your business to give due & 
proper answers to all correspondents & Dealers, but perhaps 
your own convenience this way might occasion the miscarriage. 
Therefore I have ordered Mr. Cooper, of London, Merchant, 
with whom I have had a long and punctuall Correspondence & 
to whom I send this letter open, to receive my dues from you, 
which I am well assured upon the sight of this you will readily 
and punctually comply with, & accordingly pay him what is 
justly due. from S'r, 

Your WfF. 
To Mr. John Taylor, Merch 1 in London. 

May nth, 1697. 
•Capt. Roger Jones, 

Dear S'r. This comes for cover of a bill of Loading for 
three hh ds stemmed sweet scented Tob° both, very good & pretty 
heavy, which are consigned to your self, & hope will come well 
to your hands & there I question not as good a market as others. 
My design was for a greater quantity, but could not get freight; 
this casually happened. Also in this ship is sent to you a bill of 
Loading for four hh d5 of the Proprietors Tob° as you will see by 
the enclosed bill of Loading, what Tob" we have sent them 
before, (for this Tun accidentally met with, Capt. Brent being in 
Maryland). You will see by our large letters & Papers, Dupli- 
cated & now on board the fleet, if they come safe to hand, 
which we have endeavored, by which our masters & your self 
will see what a hard game we have to play the contrary party 
that is our opposers, having the best cards & the Trumps to 
boot, especially the Honours, yet would my Lord Fairfax there 
take his turn in Shuffling & Dealing the cards, & his Lordship 
with the rest see that we were not cheated in our game, I ques- 
tion not but we should gain the sett tho' the game is so far 
plaid, but if we be not as we have now & always urged, sup- 


ported from thence not only our master's money will be lost, but 
we shall hardly be able to keep our just and legall standing. 
Their interest, I hope, will spur forward the first & the last. I 
am well assured their Honour will oblige them to the support of, 
for Sherwood and Spicer both say that their little appearance 
has been infinitely injurious to them, if we then guess at ours, 
therefore either let us be supported from thence, or be called to 
an account & fairly render up our trust. Your distance, per- 
haps, may make this that I write now seem Apocryphal, but if 
you were here upon the spot you would see plainly that it was 
canonical. S'r, please after you have sold my Tob°,to say the 
three hh d3 stemmed sweet scented, out of the Produce thereof 
send me two Suits, a Winter & Summer Suite, ordinary and 
Decent, the measures you may guess at, their shoes, stockings 
& two Carolina hats of the largest size in the head, a handsome 
quantity of fruit & spice, the remainder in Nails, a few four 
pennys, two thousand two pennys, some sixes & the rest in sin- 
gle tens & eights no double tenns. I shall expect your answer 
by the first conveniency, & if you will put in your own News or 
printed News to the value of twenty or thirty shillings it will be 

very acceptable to 

To Capt. Roger Jones, Merchant in London. 

July ist, 1698. 
Mr. Cornelius Serjeant: 

S'r. About a week since I received yours by James Scot, 
in the Mountjoy wherein you give me an account of the lowness 
of Tob° but with all that mine is not yet sold which I hope lyes 
for a better market, for as money grows more plentifull Tob° as 
well as all other foreign commoditys must rise, for the lowness of 
Tob" I have advice from London was only occasioned by the 
want of money. Now Sir to give you advice about Tob with 
us here are great crops under expectation, God only knows what 
accident may happen if none. I shall be in hopes of making you 
considerable consignments this year, & shall not be wanting to 
advise others to you. Capt. Brent to whom I gave your respects 
resolves to send you some if he can possibly meet w th freight. 
Since you are concerned in severall ships to come this year for 


Virginia, I shall desire you to secure me in one of your Ships 
two Tunn & a half at least to make a merchant like Sum accord- 
ing to your letter, & ten hh' 1 * more uncertain; also Capt. Brent 
would have a Tunn & half secured for him & some more uncer- 
tain. When a good market for sales through a large time is 
given for payment if it be in secure hands refuse not the offer, 
for I am at present in hopes not to .have a present occasion for 
the money. By my next which I hope will not be long after 
this perhaps I may say more. 

Your WfF. 
To Mr. Cornelius Serjeant. 

June 6th, 1698. 
Mr. Samuel Foote, . 

S'r. I believe you are a totall stranger to me, not yet hear- 
ing of my name, & to receive not only this large letter but a 
large Packet too, perhaps, may at first view be surprising. I 
will assure you, S'r, whatever I am to you fame has made you 
known to me, with a very fair character, & that has been aug- 
mented by my long intimate conversation & correspondence 
with your two Uncles, Sam & Nick Hayward, and your poor 
brother here in the country, who deserves your pity and regard, 
what* I can serve him he shall freely command. S'r, the copys 
of the letter here with sent will acquaint you with the full busi- 
ness betwixt Mr. Hayward & myself, therewith you will find 
what bills of Exchange I have sent to him, I cannot yet under- 
stand any of them have been presented & consequently none 
paid, therefore, S'r, I request you to overlook his papers, make 
Presentation of the Respective bills & get payment, & please to 
keep the money in your hands till your further order, I am sure 
it cannot be doubtfull & I hope it will not be troublesome to 
lodge so much money in your hands which I look upon sure & 
safe. Mr. Newmans business you will fully see in Mr. Hay- 
ward's & his letters & observations, if it were not too much 
trouble I would desire to negotiate & finish that affair with Mr. 
Newman just in the same method &. in all particular circum- 
stances. S'r, Had I know you to be a man of parts, throughly 
paced in business, I should have been longer in my Directions, 
till my next I take leave to subscribe. My next will be fuller, 


this Directs only to a Roll of papers in Mr. Nich s Hayward's 
Office. Study what you call it, &c. 

S'r. After concerting Mr. Hayward's papers, if you please to 
be so kind as to be full to me it will be the highest obligation 
can be put upon, 

S'r, Your Wff. 

To Mr. Samuel Foote. These. 

June 7th, 1698. 
S'r William Davis: 

S'r. Mr. Auditor Byrd's request & Invitation together with 
Mr. Markham's handsome & gentill character gives the occasion 
of this letter & this present consignment. I assure myself you 
will dispose thereof to my best advantage, & if you see a rising 
Market stop my sales till the heighth thereof, for I have no occa- 
sion of money nor goods. Please to be frequent & familliar in 
your letters, & what news you think conveniently to communi- 
cate shall be taken acceptably & punctually paid. Please to 
receive the inclosed bill of Mr. Henry Martin's for ,£16.17 ster- 
ling to keep it in your hands till my farther order. S'r now we 
are come to the seventh of July & I send the above as copy of 
my former; this comes now to inclose a second bill of Loading 
& a second bill of Exchange for ^16.17.00 Ster. , which I am 
sure you will manage to my advantage. I have also inclosed 
sent you a bill of Loading for two hh ds in Cap 1 Thomas Opy, 
junt. If you mind the bill of Loading the Tob° is here shipt by 
Opie himself, & to be delivered me to contain a thousand weight 
at least of neat Tob° when it comes to your hands, to whom I do 
by this Order & assign it,& question not but to come to a good 
market by your conduct. In my next I shall say more & believe 
consign you more Tob° & therefore will only say now that I am 

i r our Wff. 
To S'r William Davis, Merchant in Bristol. 

June 30th, 1698. 
Mr. Jno. Cooper: 

S'r. Your two letters both of the 24th Dec r Date I have 
receiv'd, & Inclosed a letter from my mother, together with the 


box, in it the welcome bible. Instead of three pounds let four 
pounds be the purchase, if she be now living. I thank your 
kindness in not suddenly disposing' my Tob° when the market 
was low; I hope since it is risen to my advantage your kindness 
about my Tob° Intended to be presented requires my thankful- 
ness, which I heartily give you. You know Mr. John Taylor's 
business as well as I can inform you. Pray use your own Dis- 
cretion in the Procedure therein, & be earnest both to get his 
Account & my money into your hands. Just as I am writing 
this I received a letter from Mr. Taylor, wherein he gives me an 
account of the Sales of my Tob°, & tells me he has paid freight 
& custom for the thirteen hh' 1 " which he pretends to you was lost; 
if lost, why the freight & custom paid; if there, why not my 
account credit for it. He tells me in his letter that one Joseph 
Jackson shipped it off on his account, pretending that he had 
one of same Mark; further he writes me that the freight and 
custom is paid by him for the same, as I have told you above, 
which to me is a Riddle, & further assures that the clear Pro- 
duce is ^13 sterling, which I conceive & hope you will see to it 
to be added to my money in his hands, which I desire you to get 
of him, for must I seek for a man that has upon bare pretension 
taken away a hh d of Tob" delivered to him, & for which he paid 
freight & custom & consequently was possess' d therewith. I 
hope you will manage it to my advantage. Inclosed conies 
herewith a true copy of Taylor's letter, account of sales & ac- 
count currant, as you will see how he comes to pay freight & 
custom & another man take his Tob I cannot imagine, but by 
his letter he makes it clear to me that that was a good hh a let 
the others be what they will, for though the others do not clear 
much yet I find that which looks with a predjudice countenance 
upon me. Here is a considerable deal of money; I shall once 
again desire your conduct, Diligence & Care in this affair, & to 
give me a full account by the first conveniency. My last letter 
to Mr. Nicholas Hayward comes herewith together with a letter 
of directions to Mr. Newman, Book Seller in London. By Mr. 
Hayward' s letter you will see partly how our circumstances 
stood; the copy of his last acct. currant I have not yet sent, but 
perhaps may in my next. I cannot understand by any hand 
that the bills sent him as there you will see has been presented. 


& consequently if so not paid. I heartily thank your former 
care & trouble in that affair, & now must earnestly require & 
press you not only to continue the same but to use your utmost 
endeavors that I may not be so great a loser as the present pros- 
pect of affairs renders doubtful, for his Debt to me was before 
that unhappy addition of those last bills of Exchange. Mr. 
Newman's business so fully speaks itself that I shall say no more 
than to desire you to pursue, as Mr. Hayward if he had lived 
would have done. I had almost forgot one thing to tell you that 
I have already writ to a Nephew of Mr. Hayward' s, Mr. Sam- 
uel Foote, & inclosed sent him the same copys as I now send 
you, because it was rumoured here that he had the management 
of his Uncle's estate & business in behalf of Mr. Hayward, his 
cousin, Mr. Hayward's son. Whether so or no, or whether he 
will negotiate my affair please to give me a full account by your 
next. That I have not consigned you any Tob° this year you 
may wonder at, but in truth S'r, Oronok's Tob° was generally 
sorry, & of that that was good I could get none for myself, 
Neither do nor have made anything but sweet for some years, 
but with you it seemed inconsiderable & unvaluable; therefore 
have sent you none, though to whomsoever else I send it I never 
fall short; sometimes exceed York sweet price & a Plymouth 
last Dec r had £2^ sterling a hh' 1 clear; indeed the weights were 
considerable. S'r, Please to be frequent & full to me by all 
opportunitys, & earnestly request you to send me in my Account 
Currant, which will be a mighty satisfaction to Sir, 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. Jno. Cooper. 

June 30, 1698. 
Dear Mother, 

I heartily condole your present sickness and Indisposition, 
which your age now every day contracts, & God's grace will 
make you bear patiently to your comfort, his glory and your 
own eternal Salvation. I can not enough thank you for your 
present of your choice bible. Your money that you say you had 
present occasion for, I have ordered Mr. Cooper to enlarge and 
you will see by his letter has ordered it to be doubled. Before 
I was ten years old as I am sure you very well remember, I 


looked upon this life here as but going to an Inn no permanent 
being, by God's [aid] I continue the same good thoughts & no- 
tions still, therefore am always prepared for my certain Dissolution 
wch. I cant be persuaded to prolong by a wish. Now dear 
Mother if you should be necessitated for £8 or 10 extraordinary, 
please to apply to Mr. Cooper & he upon sight of this letter will 
furnish you, & it will be as acceptable as if done to 

My sister died a true penitent of the Church of Engl d . 

July 7th, 1698. 
Capt. Roger Jones, 

S'r. About five days since 1 received your letter of Dec r , 
Date Inclosed in other letters that you may be sure were very 
welcome, because writ in a style so kind & obliging, & all 
things therein charged so plain & manifest fate throwing upon 
the Reading those letters first made me conclude my own par- 
ticular would not be very acceptable & accordingly I found it. 
I have made no other Tob° than stemmed sweet at none of my 
Quarters for some years past, & always have shipped all, have 
had full prices from London & every port I sent it to, & from 
the city of Bristol sometimes exceeding the York market, but 
always it had a fair character which makes me think you may be 
mistaken in your guesses of the foulness of that small parcell 
sent to you when Capt. Allison brought me the things sent, I 
was surprised not to see Letter, bill of Loading, or account of 
the Purchase of the things sent, how to reconcile it I could not 
tell, but the receipt of your letter come to hand has made me 
easie therein, for by that letter & its companions, I guess that 
my own particular business was not worthy your notice to one 
that had been such a knave, &c. , To the Proprietors, & are 
gladly willing to render a full & fair account of our whole man- 
age & minutest action in their affairs, to any person authorized 
to receive the same, which their interest requires speed in, else 
this year's may be endangered thereby, for men under our char- 
acters cannot be expected now reasonably, rigorously to prose- 
cute. S'r, I shall proceed no further, either in observations or 
reflections, but hope in my own particular business you will mend 


your last mistake, & send me in by the next conveniency the 
account of Prices of the things sent, my acct. of Sales Account 
& Currant. Capt. Allison in whom goes the Proprietor's Tob" 
will be able to give some manner of account of the Diligence in 
their affairs who has been everywhere in their Territory's & is 
sufficiently knowing in my trouble & charge therein, as also may 
be seen by discoursing every sheriff who must be collector, 
think you what you will there, how mightily we have cheated 
them & secured the best Tob for ourselves, I shall earnestly ex- 
pect the particular answer to my own particular business by the 
first opportunity. Come let me tell you ways that you have to 
arrive at our knavery. To the Proprietors the first by Allison 
who knows the affair almost as well as our selves, having gene- 
rail orders to the Sheriff our Collectors to take all receipts on 
board his Ship, know of him whether any of them said our 
Notes were unreasonable, having shipped off, he sold the great- 
est part of their Tob , which be sure must be told him if it had 
been so or anything like it. The second is for their next Agent 
to apply himself to the collector and to know what Tob received 
& how disposed, this I will promise you is friendly advice. The 
above is duplicate of my former, and now, Sir, we are arrived 
to the 22nd July, I have little farther to say than only this, that 
if your good friend that drunken sottish inhospitable 

fellow, if he had lived to come in should not have had one hhd. 
on board any ship he was concerned in, neither of mine nor of 
the Proprietors unless their express orders had so commanded, 
for that Rascall had such hospitality at my house, that I never 
saw him sober, what sober time he had he applyed to persuade 
Bagwell from the Proprietor's service, & was as great a villain 
as lived in that affair. As to the Proprietor's business have said 
enough, when you come in as I could wish or any one else & 
account then the easie credulity of you there, the maliciousness 
of our enemies & our own Integrity will appear. I am 

Your Wff. 

July 21st, 1698. 
Mr. George Mason: 

By my last in the Mountjoy their haste would give me no 
further opportunity than only to write congratulatory, & to 


assure you of our healths here; And by this conveniency of the 
Richard & John I have time enough to tell you that I have 
received yours from Cap 1 Jones his own hands, dated the 28th 
Dec r , & now must tell you in your own expression plainly I was 
cheated in them eight hh ds Tob° in the said Rich li & John, for I 
trusted to the man's word that paid them to me both for weight 
& goodness; heavy weights & choice Tob° he render' d account 
to me, but by your letter & account of Sales I am well assured 
I was abused; but the man died before your letter arrived, there- 
fore that is at an end. Truly as to your taking & giving me 
Credit for that & hh ds I don't fault it, but must for the future 
desire you to expose my own stemmed sweet scented out of my 
own crops, which I know to be good to the view & Sale of the 
Market, for really my account there methinks looks very low, 
of which I hope hereafter you will take care that is my own 
Stemmed sweet scented. I shall never trouble Bristol Market 
more with any walnut plank; the reason of my sending this was 
I heard you were yourself building, & I thought it might suite 
your conveniency, for Mr. Blathwaite being building some where 
about your parts has too much black walnut plank from Capt. 
Brent, & the Govern 1 who buys it for him pays six pence a foot 
here in the Country. Capt. Jones I think has carried home two 
or three turns for him, & has now a turn home with him; there- 
fore I say though your Bristol price did not answer my expecta- 
tion yet I thought my design at first well grounded. As to your 
fringe it came safe & was welcome, though my wife had one bet- 
ter & richer by her, being a thick, close, large fringe, half silver, 
half gold, & so no necessity for this. S'r, by this comes a large 
& dear consignment from me, the consignment of a son to your 
Care & Conduct. I am well Pleased & assure myself of a care- 
full & Ingenious manage, if you will please to undertake it; the 
general good character of your most vertuous Lady who I must 
esteem the Cape Merchant in the Adventure, puts me under the 
Assurance that he will be as well, if not better, under your Con- 
duct there than he can be possibly with us here. He is furnished 
with Cloathes only for his Sea voyage, for I thought it was need- 
less to make him up cloathes here for his wear there, because it 
might be there better & more suitably done; therefore I shall 
refer to you for furnishing of him with what is fit and decent, 


as befits an honest Planter or farmer's Son, not with what's rich 
or gaudy. I shall refer that to your own discretion. Now, S'r, 
to tell you that he is eleven years & a half old, & can hardly 
read or write a word of English might make you believe that 
either he was a dull boy or that I was a very careless & neglect- 
full Parent. Indeed it is neither Carelessness in me nor dullness 
in him, for although he cannot read or write English, yet he can 
both read, write & speak French & has run over the rudiments 
of the Latin Grammer, according to the french method, for he 
has been a considerable time with a most ingenuous french 
Gentleman, a minister who had the Government & tutorage 
of him, & indeed did it singularly well; but the unhealthy 
fullness of his seat & the sickliness of the child occasioned 
his remove from thence. Therefore if it could be as Capt. 
Jones tells me it may, I would have him put to a french school- 
master to continue his french & learn Latin. Now Capt. 
Jones tells me there is such a school or two about three or 
four miles from Bristol & if it could conveniently be done I 
would have him boarded at school master's house. Now Sr. I 
have told you my mind & how I would have him managed If I 
could, I must at last say in generall terms, that I refer the whole 
to your discreet & prudent manage, assuring myself that if you 
are pleased to undertake the trouble, you will do by him as if he 
were a child or relation of your own, & shall without more say- 
ing refer him wholly to your Conduct, & hope within a week 
after his arrival you will contrive him to his business, whats ne- 
cessary for him, either for books, cloathes or now & then a little 
money to buy apples, plums &c. , is left solely to yourself & all 
charges shall be punctually answer' d you & thankfully acknowl- 
edged. Herewith comes inclosed a letter open to Mr. Cornelius 
Sergeant together with a note upon him to pay you ^85, 01, 8, 
which I desire you to receive of him, w cb upon sight I am sure 
he will punctually pay. Sr. I desire you by the first good con- 
veniency to send me these things following (viz): Two large 
Silver dishes containing about 81 or 90 ounces each Dish. A 
Dozen Silver plates, Two Silver bread plates, A pair of silver 
Candle Sticks large and fair, A pair of silver snuffers and stand. 
I cannot tell whether these things are to be bought in Bristol, 
but from London I have had of the same sort from Mr. Richard 


Smith & Mr. Elias Spinkes very substantial & very good silver, 
but refer the same wholly to your self both where & to buy of 
whom, only this I must tell you, that I would have no letters 
engraved upon them nor Coat of Arms, having a servant of 
my own, a singular good engraver, & so can save that money. 
Also I would have you send me a callico quilted morning 
gown for myself, & a black crape gown & petticoat for my 
wife. Now it is time to leave off sending for any more things 
this year & to tell you that if the things sent for, together with the 
necessary charge you must be at about my son shall have drained 
your pockets dry already of my money in your hand, & now or- 
dered you by Mr. Serjeant the effects of the little Tob° I shall 
now consign you, I shall take care forthwith to pay what remains 
& to lodge more in your hands, but it that should not be satis- 
factory, however pray fail not of sending me in the things accor- 
ding to Directions, & I am in hopes Sr. William Davis upon 
sight of this my letter will answer it, but if my expectations there 
should short too, I am sure Capt. Jones or Mr. Markham will 
be security that you shall be fully answered, & that timely In- 
closed you will have a bill of Loading for a Tun of stemmed 
Tob° of my own Crop, which I assure myself you will dispose 
to the best advantage. My wife & self requests you will make 
our humble services acceptable to your good Lady by your kind 

July 21st, 1698. 
Mr. Cornelius Serjeant, 

Pay or cause to be paid to Mr. George Mason of Bristol, 
Merchant or order, the sum of Eighty-five pounds, one shilling 
& eight pence sterling, make good payment & enter it to the 
account of Sr. your 

To Mr. George Mason. 

July 21st, 1698. 
Mr. Edward Hayward, 

Sir. You were pleased to promise me punctually & without 
fail, to send me in by the first conveniency what books I sent 
for by you if to be had in Bristol or London, therefore assuring 
myself & depending wholly upon your promise, I have neglected 


all other conveniency's to send for these books following by you, 
viz: all the Statutes made since the twenty -second of King Charles 
the Second to this year, the 2nd Part of Rushworth's Collec- 
tions in 2 volumes, the third part of Rushworth's Collections in 
2 volumes, Doct r Thos. Burnett's Theory of the earth in Eng- 
lish, all the works of the Author of the whole Duty of man in 
one volume, The Lord Bacon's Remains, Cotton's exact abridge- 
ment of the Records of the Tower, Buchanan's de jure Regin 
assud Scotos, if to be had in English, Mr. Boyle's letter to a 
friend concerning specifick Physick, A large fair printed bible in 
quarto, A large common prayer book in folio, The Secret His- 
tory of King Chas. the 2nd & King James the 2nd, A continua- 
tion of the Secret History of Whitehall to the Abdica°n, &c. , 
An Historical account of the memorable actions of King Wil- 
liam the third. These are the books I desire you, without fail, 
to send me. I am sure you may have all but one, & that is 
Buchanan, I cannot say whether ever it has been Englished, the 
rest are every day to be had in London to be sure, some part in 
Bristol, therefore do not send me word some of them are not to 
be had, but what I need I say so for I know you will not be so 
unkind to 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. Hayward. 

(to be concluded.) 



Families of Lower Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties. 



Cornelius Calvert, 2nd. 

Cornelius Calvert, 2d, was son of Cornelius Calvert, 1st, and Mary 
Saunders; he was born 13th March, 1723, and married June 19, 1749, 
Elizabeth Thoroughgood, daughter of John Thoroughgood and Eliza" 
beth (Mason?) 

Marriage Bond. 

1749, June 19th, Cornelius Calvert of Norfolk county with Eliz'a. 

Cornelius Calvert, 
John Thoroughgood. 

Made November iS, 1751, and recorded the next day. Cornelius Cal- 
vert, of Norfolk county, mariner, and Elizabeth his wife, one of the 
daughters of John Thoroughgood, senior, of the one part, and Christo- 
pher Wright, of Princess Anne county, practitioner of medicine and 
chirurgery, of the other. 

Issue of Cornelius Calvert, 2d, and Elizabeth Thoroughgood: Saunders 
T. Calvert, Ann, wife of James Tucker, Mary, wife of William Walke. 

"On Mar. 31st, 1776, a number of the inhabitants of the town & county 
of Norfolk assembled at the Court House & an association was or- 
ganized, called the 'Sons of Liberty,' to protest against the stamp Act 
& to assert on the broadest grounds the rights of the Colony." Among 
the names enrolled are those of Cornelius Calvert, 2d, and his brothers 
Maximilian, Chistopher and Samuel. (See Forest's History of Norfolk, 
page 70. ) 

Letter from Cornelius Calvert, 2d, to his ward and grandson Anthony 

" Virginia, Norfolk, April 8th, 1802. 

" Dear Grandson, — Yours under date March 15th came to hand a few 
Days ago. The Contents of the front parts of it is Reasonable and 
Pleasant a noufe, the Latter part of it only serves to Hurt your Grand- 
father's feelings, you want me to apply to Mr. Bacchus in Regard to your 
Chariton, which is wrong in you soe to doe, & you want me to Lett you 
ware a Gold Watch. Your Grandfather thinks it is Time a Noufe for 
you as a Youth to ware one when you arrive at the age of 21, when you 
are to take Possession of what your Parents left you, & if you take as 


good care of it as I doe it will make you a happy man. But if you squan- 
der it away in Gold watches &c. it will only make you afterwards miser- 
able, and am afraid you have paid very Little Regard to the Petersburg 
Intelligencer that I inclosed to you sometime agoe: in Sep. next you will 
then be 19 years of Age. 

" I only want you to stay at Yale College untill you are 20, & then if I 
am alive, I shall want you to come here & assist me in the Collection & 
Management of your Parents Estate, & whereas you have been under 
the Derection of these Worthy Gentlemen, to-wit: Mr. Woodward, Mr. 
Bacchus, and President Dwight, if you dont gitt a good Education & 
turn out a good moral man you will have noe one to blame but yourself, 
and I now Inclose you a United State Banks note for fifty Dollars, No. 
3042, which I hope will Gitt safe to hand, & May health & Happyness 
Attend you is the Desire of your aged Grandfather. 

" Cornelius Calvert, Sen'r. 

" Yesterday I Received a Letter from Mr. Bacchus who writes me very 
favorable in your Behalf, which gives Me Hopes you may yett Turn out 
a Good Morel Man. 

" (Addressed.) 

" Mr. Anthony Walke, 
"At Yale College, New haven, " Connecticut. 
"To the care of the Rev'd President Dwight." 

Will of Cornelius Calvert, 2nd. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Cornelius Calvert, Senior, of the Bor- 
ough of Norfolk, being of sound and disposing mind and memory, but 
considering my advanced age and the uncertainty of human life, and 
being desirous to dispose of all my Estate according to the dictates of 
my own Judgment and inclination, do make, ordain & publish this my 
Last will & Testament, hereby revoking and annulling all and every 
former will and wills by me heretofore made, that is to say — 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath unto my son, Sanders T. Calvert, dur- 
ing his natural life, Two hundred Dollars per annum to be paid to him 
by my Executor hereinafter named at stated quarter yearly periods, the 
first quarter to commence on the day of my death. 

Item. I give & bequeath unto my daughter, Ann Tucker, all the rest 
and residue of my Estate, of what nature or description soever, real & 
personal, in possession and in action, To have and to hold the Estate so 
given, devised & bequeathed unto her, my said Daughter, and her heirs 
forever. Finally, I do hereby nominate, constitute and appoint my son- 
in-law, James Tucker, the sole Executor of this my last will and Testa- 
ment, and it is my will and desire, and accordingly I do hereby direct 
that he shall qualify in that capacity and be invested with all the powers 


and functions of my Executor, without giving security for his discharg- 
ing the duties of that Office. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal 
this 28th day of Sept. in the Year of our Lord one Thousand, eight 
hundred and four. 

Cornelius Calvert [Seal]. 

The word two in the ninth line being previously altered and inserted 
by Cornelius Calvert. Signed, sealed, published and declared as and 
for the last will and Testament of the above named Cornelius Calvert, 
Senior, in the presence of us, Mich'l Madden, Jno. Stith, Wm. Francis, 
Jno. T. Keeling. 

Norfolk Borough: 

At a Hustings Court held the 2Sth day of Jan., 1805. The last will 
& Testament of Cornelius Calvert, deceased, was this day proved in 
open Court by the oaths of Michael Madden, William Francis and John 
Stith, three of the subscribing witnesses thereto, and ordered to be 
recorded; and at a Hustings Court continued and held the 30th day of 
Jan., 1805, on the motion of James Tucker, the Executor named in the 
Said will, who made oath thereto and together with Thomas Willock and 
Samuel Moseley, his Securities, entered into and acknowledged their 
bond in the penalty of Fifteen Thousand Dollars conditioned as the Law 
directs, certificate is granted him for obtaining a probat thereof in due 
form, from which proceeding John Calvert prayed an appeal to the next 
District Court directed by Law to be holden in Suffolk, which was 
granted on his giving bond therefor with security in the penalty of 
twenty pounds to James Tucker, the Executor. 

Teste Wm. Sharp, Cl'k Court. 

In the will of Sanders T. Calvert, son of Cornelius Calvert, 2nd, and 
Elizabeth Thorowgood, he leaves half of his estate to Mrs. Sarah Ingram, 
the other half to his " nephews and neices the Walkes, children of my 
deceased sister Mary Walke." "Nephew Anthony Walke (4th) and 
Geo. Mcintosh Executors." Will made 1st October, 1806; recorded in 
Norfolk December 29, 1807. 

Mary Calvert. 

Mary Calvert, daughter of Cornelius Calvert, 2nd, and Elizabeth 
Thoroughgood, and wife of William Walke. 

Calvert Line. 

Cornelius Calvert ist=Mary Saunders. 
Cornelius Calvert 2nd=Elizabeth Thorowgood. 
Mary Calvert=William Walke. 



The first Williamsons in Virginia settled in Surrey, opposite James- 
town, naming the estate " Cobham Hall," after Cobham Hall, Kent, 
England, the seat of the English Williamsons, thence they spread over 
Virginia and North Carolina. Hugh Williamson, member of the Con- 
tinental Congress of 1784, was the most distinguished of the North Car- 
olina Williamsons. 

John Williamson of Kent, England, married Rebecca Chamberlayne 
of New Kent, Va. (see Hewing 's Statutes at Large, Vol. 4, page 535); 
he was elected vestryman of Curl's church, Henrico county, Va., June 
l 7, ^IZi, an d remained vestryman until his death, 1757, and lived to see 
his grandson, Jno. Williamson, Jr., a vestryman in the same church. 
Jno. Williamson died 1757; his children were Thomas, John and Cuth- 

Thomas Williamson, ist. 

Thomas Williamson, ist, son of Jno. Williamson and Rebecca Cham- 
berlayne, was born 170S; he lived on his plantation on the Brook Road, 
Henrico county, Va. At a vestry meeting for Henrico parish, held 
October 8, 1737, he offered to give land to build a new church on his 
plantation "The Brook." This was the origin of the present St. John's 
church, Richmond, Va. "Site changed from Williamsons to present 
site Richmond, 13 Oct., 1746." Thos. Williamson, ist, married Judith 


John Williamson, 2nd. 

John Williamson, 2nd, son of Thos. Williamson, ist, and Judith 
Fleming, was born in 1733. He was a vestryman in Henrico parish in 
1754. He married Sarah Price, daughter of Jno. Price, of Henrico, and 
Mary White. Jno. Williamson, 2nd, died in 1806, leaving children: 
Thos. Williamson, 2nd, Jno. Price Williamson, Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary 
Lancaster and Rebecca Bowles. 

Will of Jno. Williamson (2nd), of the county of Henrico, made 20th 
March, 1806, proved ist December, 1806, and 2nd February, 1807. " I 
lend to my beloved wife, Sarah Williamson, the tract of land whereon I 
now live, during her natural life, and at her death I wish the said land 
to be equally divided between my two sons, Thos. Williamson and Jno. 
Price Williamson, on their paying all my just debts." " I give unto my 
son, Thos. Williamson, five negroes, to-wit: Old James, Jean Cook, 
Bob, Eliza and Martha Ann to him and his heirs forever." 

Thos. Williamson, Jno. Price Williamson and Maj. Wm. Price, Ex'ors. 

Thomas Williamson, 2D. 

Thomas Williamson, 2d, son of John Williamson, 2d, and Sarah Price, 
was born in 1777. He was married in Richmond, May 20, 1800, to Eliz- 
abeth Gait, who died in 1807 leaving two children: ist Gabriel Gait Wil- 


liamson, born 1803, married Elizabeth Anne Gatewood, 3 June, 1S34, at 
Norfolk, Va. He was of the U. S. Navy, and commanded the U. S. S. 
Fulton, which was lost in a gale in the gulf of Mexico. 2d, John Gait 
Williamson, M. D., born 1806, married Mary R. Dixon, of Richmond. 
He died a few days after the entrance of the Federal troops into Wil- 
liamsburg, where he was practicing his profession. 

Thomas Williamson, 2d, married 2d, Anne McC. McWalke, 13 July, 
1809, at "The Ferry," Princess Anne county, Va. He was until his death 
cashier of the Virginia Bank, of Norfolk, and was Mayor of Norfolk in 
1829. He died in 1846, leaving issue by his second wife Anne Walke: 

1st. William Price Williamson, U. S. Navy, born 1S10. He was Engi- 
neer in Chief of the U. S. and C. S. Navies and placed the machinery in 
the famous Confederate ram Merrimac. He married Penelope B. Mc- 
Donald, of Edenton, N. C. 

2d. Thomas Holmes Williamson, born 1S13, married Louisa Henrietta 
Fenton Garnett. He was Lieutenant-Colonel of Virginia Engineers and 
Chief Engineer of the Army of Northern Va. 1861 at the battle of Man- 
assas. He put up the batteries at Evansport on the Potomac, while a 
U. S. ship of war lay at anchor as a guard directly opposite the works at 
Evansport. He died a Professor of Engineers at Virginia Military Insti- 
tute. Married second, Mrs. Julia Wharton. 

3d. Henry Watson Williamson, born 1823, married Patty Green, 
daughter of Com. William Green, U. S. N. He was lieutenant in Vir- 
ginia Regiment, Mexican War of 1846; Captain company T, in 6th Vir- 
ginia; Lieutenant-Colonel Engineers at Craney Island; commanded 600 
sharpshooters at Drewry's Bluff; Com. 1st regiment at Malvern Hill; 
wounded in hip Second Manassas; in right arm at the Wilderness; lost 
left hand at Spotsylvania Court House, and lost left arm at Crater. On 
Seaboard R. R. construction after the war and died Assistant Professor 
at Virginia Military Institute. 

4th. Cornelius Calvert Williamson, born 1817, went to California in 
1S49 ar, d never heard from. 

5th. Ann Walke Williamson, married James Marsden Smith, a wealthy 
merchant of Norfolk. 

6th. Sarah Lewis Williamson, married James Henderson, United 
States Navy. 

7th. Elizabeth Walke Williamson, married Dr. Robert Baylor Tun- 
stall, of Norfolk. 

8th. Virginia Williamson, married John Saunders Taylor, United 
States Navy. 

Williamson Line. 

John Williamson, ist=Rebecca Chamberlayne. 
Thomas Williamson, ist=Judith Fleming. 
John Williamson, 2nd=Sarah Price. 
Thomas Williamson, 2nd=Anne McC. McWalke. 



The first of the name in Virginia was Samuel Price, an officer in Mon- 
mouth's Rebellion, who came to Virginia when that rebellion failed in 
1685, & married Elizabeth Pryor. Their son, John White Price, married 
Anne Kennon, and their son, John Price, married Mary White. 

"At a meeting of the Commissioners for the County of Henrico at the 
Court House on Saturday the 15th day of March, 1783, pursuant to their 
last adjournment, for receiving Testimony respecting the Records of 
this County which have been destroyed by the enemy. 

"Present. Isaac Younghusband, Nath. Wilkinson, Turner Southall 
and Miles Selden, jr., Gents, Commis. 

"A Copy of last will & testament of Jno. Price, deceased, was laid 
before the Commissioners, and thereupon Mary Williamson being sworn 
deposed that the said Copy is a true one of the last will & Testament of 
the said Jno. Price, deceased, which together with the record thereof 
have been destroyed by the enemy, whereupon the same is ordered to 
be certified." 

Mentions wife Mary, sons Samuel, James, Barret, John, William, Dan- 
iel and Elisha, grandson John Stake, daughters Martha Hedges, Mary 
Leonard, Catherine Wood. " I give to my daughter, Sarah Williamson, 
one negro named Esther & the next that is raised of fifty pounds." 

Copy — Teste Adam Craig, C. H. C. 

At a quarterly Court held for Henrico Co. at the Courthouse on Mon- 
day the second day of March, 181 2, the foregoing attested Copy of the 
last will & Testament of Jno. Price, deceased, was ordered to be re- 

Test Izard B. Whitelocke, C. H. C. 

Price Line. 

Samuel Price=Elizabeth Prior. 

fohn White Price=Anne Kennon. 

John Price=Mary White. 

Sarah Price=John Williamson. 

Thomas Williamson=Anne McC. McWalke. 

The Family of Major Wm. Price of the Revolution. 

Sketch of Price Family, of Henrico, by Dr. Wm. Price Palmer, late 
Vice-President of Virginia Historical Society: 

The original seat of the family was known as Chantilly. John Price 
obtained from Wm. Gooch, then Governor of the State, a grant of land 
located west of the town of Richmond, and lying on the old Coal-Pit 
road, now known as the continuation of Broad street or Deep Run road. 


The land lay about three miles from what was then the village of Rich- 
mond. Some of the original grant is now (1893?) owned and occupied 
by Thos. Johnston, of the book firm of West & Johnston. 

John Price married Mary White, of Hanover county, daughter of Col. 
White near Bell's Mill, now known as Ellerson's Mills, five miles north 
of Richmond. John Price and Mary White had seven sons. 

First. Samuel who left two sons, William and Louis. The latter was 
for many years Register of the Land Office of the State. He married 
Lucy, daughter of Major William Duvall, of Buckingham county, Va. 
They left four sons and one daughter. William the oldest went to 
Florida and married the daughter of William Duvall, Territorial Gov- 
ernor of Florida. James and Harvie second and third sons moved to 
Ohio. Alexander the fourth son died without issue. Anne Pope, daugh- 
ter of William and Lucy, married late in life Dr. Alfred Leyburn, of 
Lexington, Rockbridge county, Va. Lewis Price died without issue. 
Samuel left also two daughters, Jane and Sarah. Jane married Major 
Douthat and left one son, Capt. Robert Douthat, who married Eleanor 
Lewis, daughter of Col. Feilding Lewis, of VVeyanoke, Charles City 
county, Va. They left two sons, Robert and Feilding. Sarah, the other 
daughter of Samuel Price, died very old and without issue. 

James, third son of John and Mary White, left two sons, viz: John F. 
Price, for many years sergeant of Richmond. He married Maria Win- 
ston, of Hanover county, and left one son, James, who moved to Ala- 
bama. Samuel, second son of James, died without issue. James, third 
son of John, left also five daughters. First, Martha, married a Mr. Mar- 
tin; Second, Mary, married Mr. Sydnor, of Henrico county; Third, 
Naney, married Robert Radford. These three left no children. Fourth, 
Theodosia married Capt. Wm, O. Wren, of Richmond, who succeeded 
John F. Price as sergeant of the city of Richmond, and held the office 
for thirty years. Capt. Wren and Theodosia left four sons. John F. 
Wren, who married Anne Kennon, was a tobacconist and was long In- 
spector of Tobacco at the State Public Warehouse. Second, Anthony 
D. Wren who moved to Staunton, in Augusta county, and married Miss 
Breckinridge. Third, Samuel, died early. Fourth, Robert who mar- 
ried a Miss Stone, of Henrico, and went to Alabama. Capt. Wm. D. 
Wren left also three daughters. First, Virginia, who married Loftis 
Ellett, long clerk of Henrico county. They had three sons, James, 
Robert and Thomas. Second, Mary, who died without issue. Third, 
Susannah, married late in life Dr. Alfred Leyburn, of Lexington, Va., 
who had married Anne Pope Price, but had become a widower. 

John, third son of John and Mary White, left two sons. William 
moved to Kentucky, Daniel moved to Alabama. 

Barrett Price, fourth son of John and Mary White, had one son and 
six daughters. 

Fifth, Major William Price, son of John and Mary White, was distin- 


guished in the Revolution of 1776, at the storming of Stony Point, and 
at the battle of Cow-Pens was wounded twice. After the war, was in 
command of the Point of Fork, and subsequently Inspector at the pub- 
lic warehouse in Richmond until his death in 1835, was buried with 
great military honor by the troops and citizens of Richmond. He mar- 
ried Sarah Lewis, daughter of Col. Robt. Lewis, of "The Bird," in 
Goochland county, Va. They had but one child, a son, Nicholas Lewis 
Price, who died at seventeen years of age, and lies interred in old St. 
Johns churchyard at Richmond, Va. 

John Price and Mary White had also three daughters, Sarah, Cathe- 
rine and Mary. Sarah married John Williamson. They left two sons, 
Thomas and John P. Williamson. Thomas was long a resident of Nor- 
folk, Va., and the well-known cashier of the Bank of Virginia at that 
place. He had a numerous family, one of his sons, a major, was Chief 
Engineer of the United States Navy, and another, Col. Thomas H. 
Williamson, a distinguisded Engineer and long Professor at the Virginia 
Military Institute at Lexington. 

I was named William Price Palmer after Major Wm. Price because he 
married my relative Sarah Lewis, who took charge of me at the death 
of my own mother. I have thus hurriedly sketched what I have been told 
of this ancient and honorable family of old-time Virginians. 

William P. Palmer. 



William Fleming Markham (John, 3 Bernard, 2 John 1 ), son of John 
Markham and Lucy Champe Fleming, married Susan Railey. Issue: 

(1) George W. Markham. 

(2) Thomas R. Markham. 

(3) Martha Woodson Markham. 

(4) Lucy Fleming Markham. 

(5) Mary Jane Markham. 

(6) William Fleming Markham. 

Of these, No. 2 was a distinguished Presbyterian Divine of New 
Orleans. No. 3, Martha Markham, married Fabius H. Sleeper, issue: 

(1) William Markham Sleeper married Laura Risher. Issue: Benja- 
min and Martha. 

(2) Lucy Sleeper married Robert Fouda Gribble. Children: Eliza- 
beth, Robert and Theodore. 

(3) Susie M. Sleeper married Edward Jones. Children: Bessie Lucy, 
George W., Susie and Martha. Bessie Lucy married Patton; their chil- 
dren were Bessie Cary Patton, Edward H. Patton, Elizabeth Cary Pat- 


(4) Thomas Sleeper married Caroline Lockert. Their children were 
James L. and Thomas M. 

(5) Van Francis Sleeper. 

Besides these Markhams, who are all descended from John, of Ches- 
terfield county, Va., who came to this country from England in 1720, 
there are many others in the United States. There was a William 
Markham who came over with William Penn; was a kinsman of Penn's, 
and also a member of the Governor's Council in 1683 {Pennsylvania 
State Archives, Second Series, Vol. 9, page 624). May 28, 1685, he is 
Proprietary Secretary (page 626); March 29, 1703, he is Register Gen- 
eral; in 1690-5 (page 632) he is Judge of Court of Vice-Admiralty; 
(page 628) he is Master of Rolls; (page 634) from 1685 to 1693 he is 
Provincial Secretary; Lieutenant-Governor of province from April 26, 
1693, March 26, 1695, under Crown of England; he was Deputy-Gover- 
nor 1 68 1-1682, also Deputy-Governor of three lower counties (now Del- 
aware). He left no sons and only one daughter, Ann; he was twice 

There also came over at various times William Markham, of Middle- 
ton, Conn., 1650; Nathaniel, of Watertown, N. Y., 1673; Robert Mark- 
ham, who, in 1607, explored the James River with Christopher Newport; 
Thomas Markham, of Virginia, who came in 1636, and had a big land 
grant in Henrico county, Va.; Robert Markham, age twenty-two, who 
came in the Paule of London July 6, 1635, Leonard Betts, master, and 
three brothers, John, Lewis and William, who appear in Virginia, John 
at Alexandria and William and Lewis in Washington Parish, Westmore- 
land county, early in the 1600's; also Deacon Daniel Markham, who set- 
tled in Cambridge, Mass., in 1666. There are two families of Markhams 
in England — one at Markham, Nottinghamshire, a famous family, as old 
as Saxon surnames, embracing many famous names, such as Sir John 
Markham, Chief Justice of England in time of Edward IV, Archbishop 
William Markham, Archbishop of York, &c. The history of this branch 
has been written by Rev. David Frederick Markham, and edited by his 
son, Sir Clements R. Markham, K. C. B. (who is getting out "Mark- 
ham Memorials," a work yet in manuscript [four volumes], but which 
is bound to be a valuable work, as the writer is one of England's learned 
men, President of Royal Geographical Society, a brilliant historian and 
accurate writer). The other branch is at Spratton, Northampton, and 
has been compiled and written by Christopher A. Markham, F. S. A. 
The descendants of Deacon Daniel ( 1666) settled the Tennessee Valley, 
and true to the English instinct for colonization have crossed the Rock- 
ies and helped to settle the West. Ex-Governor H. H. Markham, of 
California, is of this branch, as are the Markhams of Atlanta, Ga., Avon, 
N. Y., and Durham, Conn. 

The Marshall Family all descend from one Eliza Markham (grand- 
mother of Chief Justice Marshall. Gen. Basil Duke, of Kentucky, is 


descended from same. Gen. Withers, of Lexington, Kentucky, was 
grandson of one Anne Markham, but I am not yet sure which line of 
Markhams these families of Marshall, Duke and Withers are descended 

Dr. James Bernard Markham married Eliza Croger Massenburg and 
had three children. 

(i) Eliza Evans Markham (my mother), married Captain John Al- 
fred Avirett, C. S. A., of North Carolinia, and had three children: 

(i) Lidie Serena Avirett; (2) James Markham Avirett; (3) John Al- 
fred Avirett. 

Lidie S. Avirett married Flournoy Rivers, October 15, 1891. Issue: 
John Avirett Rivers, born March 22, 1894. 

(2) James Deverieux Markham, married Annie S. Hayes. Issue: (1) 
Sadie H. Markham; (2) Bernard C. Markham. 

(3) George Francis Markham, married Elizabeth Pettit, of Memphis, 
Tenn. Issue: (1) Pettit Markham, died young; (2) Virginia Markham, 
died young. 

Lidie Avirett Rivers. 


11. Champe 3 Brockenbrough, married Sarah Bowie, of Port Royal, 
Caroline county. Issue: 27. Lucy, 6 married Philip W. Thornton, of Port 
Royal; 28. Elizabeth Fauntleroy, 6 born 1802, died May 5, 1887; married 
Valentine Peyton, of Port Royal; 29. Daughter. 6 married George Fitz- 
hughj of Port Royal. 

12. Reverend John 5 Brockenbrough, a minister of the Episcopal 

Church; married , and had a son Austin, 6 who graduated at West 

Point, was first lieutenant U. S. A.; resigned, and died September 6, 

17. William 5 Brockenbrough, born July 10, 1778, died December 
10, 1S38, long distinguished in public life; represented Essex in the 
House of Delegates, 1802-3, appointed member of the Council, May, 
1803; judge of the General Court, February 7, 1809; judge of Court of 
Appeals. He married Judith, daughter of John and Judith (daughter 
of Carter Braxton), White. Issue: 30. John IV.*; 31. Judith White, 6 
married Rev. John P. McGuire; 32. Elizabeth, 6 married Jefferson Phelps; 
33.. Mary Stephenson, 6 married Willoughby Newton, M. C, of " Linden," 
Westmoreland county, and was mother of Right-Reverend John Brock- 
enbrough Newton; 31. Jane, 6 married Colonel Edward Colston, of 
"Honeywood," Berkeley county; 32. Dr. William Spencer Roane, 6 of 
Hampton county, married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Cary Nelson, 
and widow of Charles L, C. Page, and had one child, Judith White, who 
died in 1865, aged fourteen years. 


iS. Arthur 5 B. Brockenbrough, 5 born October 20, 1780, died April 
27, 1832; lived at the University of Virginia; married Lucy Gray. Issue: 

33. Judge William H., born February 23, 1812, died June 22, 1850; U. 
S. Senator from Florida; married Byrd, and died without issue. 

34. Thomas 6 W. 35. John N, 6 born February 2, 1819, died November 

26, 1847; married , and left a son. 36. George Long, 6 born April 

27, 1828, died October 2, 1871; married Mrs. McAdams, of Florida, and 
had a daughter Loulie. 7 37. Lucy W., 6 born August 19, 1814, died Au- 
gust 23, 1815; 38. Sarah Roane, 6 born August 14, 1843, died December 

16, 1847, married Maxwell, of Florida; 39. Mary Rebecca, 6 born 

August 6, 1830, died February 24, 1853, married Judge Hawkins, of 

19. Dr. Austin 5 Brockenbrough, long an eminent physician of 
Tappahannock, member of House of Delegates from Essex, 1820-24; 
married first, Lettice Lee Fauntleroy, secondly, Frances Blake. Issue: 
(first marriage), 40. William Austin; 6 41. John Fauntleroy; 6 42. Henri- 
etta, 6 married Thomas Cary Nelson, Hanover county; (second marriage) 
43. Sarah Roane, 6 died young; 44. Elizabeth, married Samuel T. Har- 
wood, of "Newington," King and Queen county; 45. Louisa C., 6 mar- 
ried Dr. L. H. Richardson, of Norfolk; 46. Fanny Blake, 6 married Col. 
W. W. Gordon, of Tappahannock, afterwards of Richmond city; 47. 
Austina, 6 married Colonel John M. Brockenbrough, of "The Island," 
Richmond county; 48. Gabriella, married Joseph W. Chinn, of " Wilna," 
Richmond county; 49. Austin, A. D. C, C. S. A., killed at Gettysburg; 
50. Benjamin B. 6 married Anne Mason, of North Carolina. 

26. Col. Moore Fauntleroy 5 Brockenbrough, of "Bellville," 
Richmond county; born 1780, died Jan. 8, 1845; was justice, sheriff, 
member of the Legislature (1810-11, 1815-16, &c.) and served as an 

officer of Virginia militia in the war of 181 2; married first, Ball, 

and had no issue to survive; married secondly, Sarah, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Waller) Smith, of Mathews county. Issue: 51. Benjamin 
Waller; 6 52. Wm. Fauntleroy ; 6 52. John M ; 6 54. Edward, 6 officer 40th 
Virginia Regiment C. S. A., wounded at Mechanicsville, and died in 
hospital July 2; 1862; 55. Littleton; 6 56. Eugene, 6 died, aged 14; 57.. 
Alice Roane, 6 married Col. Wm. R. Aylett, C. S. A., of King William 
county; 58. Etta, 6 married Robert T. Knox, of Fredericksburg. 

30. John White 6 Brockenbrough, of Lexington, Va., many years 
judge of United States Court for Western District of Virginia; member 
Confederate Congress; Professor of Law Washington and Lee College; 
married Mary C. Bowyer, of Lexington. Issue: 59. John Bowyer ? 60. 
William;' 1 61. Edward Colston, 7 born Jan. 31, 1841; 62. Willoughby 
Newton;" 1 63. Louisa Gardner, married Thos. M. Semmes, Professor 
Virginia Military Institute; 64. Robert Lewis ; 7 65. Frances Henry. 6 

34. Thomas W. 6 Brockenbrough, born July 26, 1816; married Sarah 
Wharton, of Orange county. Issue: 66. Benjamin; 7 63. Sally Maxwell, 7 


married Wm. Brockenbrough; 64. James Cabell, 7 married Miss Higgin- 
botham; 65. George; 7 66. Mary Cabell. 7 

40. Dr. Wm. Austin 6 Brockenbrough, born June 11, 1809, died 
Nov. 13, 1858; married April 12, 1832, Mary Carter Gray. Issue: 67. 
Lucy Yates, 7 born Dec. 6, 1834; 68. Wm. Austin, 7 born Dec. 11, 1836, 
married Loutie B. BeadlesJ; 69. Marius Carter, 7 born April 17, 1838; 
moved to Texas, married there, and had several children; 70. Thomas, 7 
born Dec. 26, 1841, died June 10, 1842; 71. Catherine Wellford, 7 born 
Jan. 9, 1843; 7 2 - Lettice Lee, 7 born April 23, 1844; 73. John Fauntleroy, 7 
born Dec. 23, 1845, moved to Texas; 74. Mary Randolph, 7 born Jan. 3, 
1847, married Dr. Thos. T. Arnold, King George county; 75. Henrietta 
Nelson, 7 born Sept. 29, 1849, died Feb. 4, 1854; 76. Elizabeth Grosve- 
nor, 7 born Dec. 8, 1850; 77. Judith Branch, born July 26, 1852. 

4r. John Fauntleroy 6 Brockenbrough, of "Chatham," West- 
moreland county, born March 27, 181 2, died December 25, 1865; married 
in 1833 Frances, daughter of Humphrey Carter. Issue: 78. Ella, 7 born 
1842, died at Atlanta, Ga., April 26, 1887; married 1857 Rt. Rev. John 
Watous Beckwich, Prot. Epis. Bishop of Georgia; 79. Eugenia, 7 mar- 
ried 1859 Dr. Samuel G. Compton, of Louisiana; 80. Frances Ravens- 
croft, 7 married 1864 John A. Barbour, and died in Washington, D. C; 
8t. Lettice Fauntleroy, 7 married 1867 Meredith Thompson; 82. Dr. Aus- 
tin, 7 married 1873 Marie, daughter of Lloyd VV. Williams, of Baltimore, 

and has a son, Lloyd; 83. Louisa C., 7 married (I) Alfred Price, (II) 

Legg; 84. Johnetta, 7 married Sanger, Georgetown, D. C. ; 85. 

Alice Bland, married Mathew Plater, Washington, D. C. 

53. John M. 6 Brockenbrough, of "The Island," Richmond county, 
Colonel C. S. A., Register of State Land Office; married (I) Austina 
Brockenbrough, (II) Kate Mallory, of Norfolk. Issue (first marriage): 
86. Sarah Roane, 7 died young; 87. Eugene; 7 88. Austin; 7 89. John Mer- 
cer; 7 90. Edward; 7 91. Benjamin; 7 92. Tina, 7 married John C. Taliaferro; 
93. Jane; 7 (by second marriage) 94. Samuel Richardson. 

52. William Fauntleroy 6 Brockenbrough, married Eliza Bland 
Smith, of "Mantua," Northumberland county. Issue: 95. Sarah Smith, 7 
married Judge J. C. Lamb; 96. James Smith, 7 married Betty Powell; 97. 
Alice Waller; 7 9S. William Fauntleroy; 7 99. Willoughby Newton; 7 100. 
Agnes Atkinson; 101. Eliza Bland. 7 

55. Littleton 6 Brockenbrough, of "Crondall," Richmond county, 
married Lucy Claiborne Shackleford. Issue: 102. Moore Fauntleroy, 7 
born November 26, 1852; 102. John Lyne, 7 born November 3, 1853, mar- 
ried Eliza Marshall, daughter of Elliott M. Braxton; 103. Littleton, 7 born 
July 24, 1854. 

59. John Bowyer 7 Brockenbrough, married Lucy Alice Murrell, 
of Lynchburg. Issue: 104. Alice Murrell, 8 born November 14, 1865, 
died 1880; 105. John White, 8 born October 6, 1867; 106. William Mur- 


rell, 8 born March 21, 1869; 107. Edward; 8 108. Robert Lewis; 8 109 and 
no. James Hubard, 8 and Marian Willoughby, 8 born January 5, 1880. 

60 William 7 Brockenbrough, born February 10, 1838, married 
Lucy W. Mayor, of Rockbridge county. Issue: in. William Newton, 8 
born June 25, 1866; r 12. Emily Bright, 8 born January 23, 1869; 113. John 
Bowyer, 8 born May 10, 1871; 114. Lucille Bertha, 8 born October 23, 1873; 
115. Edward Colston, 8 born April 18, 1876; 116. Mary Bowyer," born 
September 9, 1878. 

62. Willoughby Newton 7 Brockenbrough, of Columbia, Mo., 
born October 4, 1842, married Alice Thomas. Issue: 117. Eleanor, 8 
born September 10, 1869; 118. James Thomas, 8 born 1872; 119. Mary 
Bowyer, 8 born 1874; 120. John White, 8 born January, 1877; 121. Thomas 
Semmes, 8 born 1879. 

64. Robert Lewis 7 Brockenbrough, of St. Louis, Mo., born Octo- 
ber 30, 1844, married Mary A., daughter of Rev. John S. Grasty, of 
Austin, Texas. Issue: 122. Mary Louisa, 8 born October 22, 1878; 123. 
Robert Stevenson, 8 born October 22, 1879. 

Except where other authorities, wills, &c, are cited, the above, as far 
as relates to descents, is derived chiefly from a manuscript account of the 
family, prepared, it is believed, about 1880, by Mr. R. T. Knox, of Fred- 
ericksburg. In two or three instances Hayden's "Virginia Genealo- 
gies" has beeu used. 

(See V. 198.) 

Since the account of the Godwin family was published in the number 
of the Magazine referred to, the following additional notes have been 
received. The will of "Jonathan Godwin, gentleman, of the parish of 
Suffolk, and county of Nansemond," dated March 13, and proved July 
20, 1762, is in the possession of a lady in Williamsburg. This was Jon- 
athan, 4 (page 198). His daughter Amedora, or Medora, married her 
distant kinsman, Anthony Godwin (son of Jeremiah Godwin, page 199), 
and lived at an old Godwin homestead, "Sleepy Hole," in Nansemond 
county. They had issue: (1) Thomas; (2) Edmund; (3) Anthony; (4) 
Jonathan; (5) Margaret; (6) Emeline; (7) Charity; (8) Fannie, who 
married General Francis Marshall Boykin, of Isle of Wight county. F. 
M. and Fannie Boykin had issue: (1) Ann Marshall; (2) Francis M., 
married Hester Ann Briggs, of Southampton county; (3) Robert M., 
(4) Anthony Godwin. F. M. and Hester A. Boykin had issue: (1) Nan- 
nie; (2) Samuel H.; (3) Octavia; (4) Francis M., of Richmond, married 
Ellen George, of Richmond; (5) Sarah Frances. 

The following is from another old Bible: Jeremiah Godwin [see p. 
200], was born 22d November, 1727, and died 5th August, 1791. He 
was married four times: first, Mary Holladay, May 18, 1748 ("another 


account says 1750"), and had issue: (1) Anthony, born September 4, 
1752 [The Rogers' Bible, see p. 200, says September 14, 1749]; "Then 
come Three daughters, born in 1753, 1755 and 1757." [The Rogers' 
Bible gives Charity born May 3, 1755, and Lucy born August 27, 1757]; 
(5) Holiday born 1759 [This accords with the Rogers' Bible]; (6) Mary, 
born 1 761 [same]; (7) Horton, born 1764 [not named in the Rogers' 
Bible, which has Keaton, born March, 1766]; (8) Jeremiah, born Feb- 
ruary 3, 1766. Mrs. Mary Holladay Godwin died September 4, 1766 
[same as Rogers]. Jeremiah Godwin married secondly, March 1, 1767, 
Mary Pedin, who had (9) one child, not named, and died February 16, 
1769 [Rogers' Bible says 1770]. Jeremiah Godwin married thirdly, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1770, Mary Reade, and had issue: (10) William, born December 
31, 1770; (11) John, born February 5, 1772; (12) Joseph, born November 
2S, 1778; (13) Jessie, born 1777; (14) Daughter, born 1778; (15) Son, 
not named, born 1779; (16) Daughter, not named, born 1780. Mrs. 
Mary Reade Godwin died April 19, 1782, and Jeremiah Godwin then 
married, September n, 17S7, Ann Blow, who died August, 1790. 

William Godwin, son of Jeremiah and Mary Holladay Godwin, mar- 
ried on January 21, 1790, Ann Bland (or Blunt) and had six children. 

Sarah B. Godwin, born Jan. 27, 1791; Joseph B. Godwin, born May 
18, 1794, * * son born Feb. n, 179 * Two sons (twins) born * * * 
not named; Anne Godwin, died May 18, 1797; Jeremiah, son 'of Jere- 
miah and Mary Holladay Godwin, married Sally Wilkinson, 30th Sept.. 
1784, and died in 1820; she died in 1843. They had the following 
children: (1) George, born Dec. 3, 1785; (2) Harriett, born Sept. 17, 
1787 (she was the grandmother of Euclid and Thos. Borland); (3) Wil- 
liam, born Sept., 1789; (4) Reuben, born Dec. 5, 1791; (5) David, born 
Feb. 2, 1793; (6) Nathan, born Jan. 23, 1795; (7) Eliza, born Feb. 15, 1797; 
(8) Jeremiah, born Feb., 1799; (9) child, not named; (10) Albert, born 
Aug., 1803; (11) Elmira, born Jan. 20, 1807, married Mr. Murray; (12) 
Sally, born Nov. 16, 1808. 

Geo. C. Godwin was married to Ann Riddick, 8th April, 1830, John 
R., son of Geo. C. and Ann Godwin, was born 21st March, 1833. Anne, 
wife of George Godwin, died 16th May, 1833; Geo. Godwin, married 
MaryR. Vaughan 2d Dec, 1834. 

It is probable that the contradictions shown between the Bible quoted 
here and the Rogers' Bible do not exist in the originals, but are due 
to inaccurate copying. 


Of Essex, The Northern Neck, &c. 

This family of Parker is possibly descended from Thomas Parker, who 
settled in Rappahannock (now Essex) county in the 17th century. There 
is on record in that county a deed, dated 1672, from Thomas Parker and 


Elinor his wife; and his will, dated Aug. 22d and proved in Rappahan- 
nock March 10, 1697, names his wife Elinor, son Samuel and daughter 
Elinor, and legacies to his children in general. These may have in- 
cluded Dr. Alexander Parker, of Tappahannock, Essex county, the 
earliest ancestor to whom the family here treated of, can be certainly 

Dr. Alex Parker was sheriff of Essex in 1732, and was long a promi- 
nent physician. His wife was probably a Miss Harwar, of the same 
county. He died in 175 r, and his will, dated Dec. 2, 1750, and proved 
Nov. iy, 1 75 1, names his wife Susannah and his sons Richard, Alexan- 
der and William. Issue of Dr. Alex, and Susanna Parker: 1. Richard? 
2. Alexander; 2 3. William. 2 

1. Richard 2 Parker, born 1729, died 1813, studied for the bar, set- 
tled in Westmoreland county at " Lawfield," and became a lawyer of 
distinction. When the Revolutionary movement began Mr. Parker was 
King's Attorney for Westmoreland county, but took an active stand for 
Colonial rights. A letter written by an English sympathizer has been 
preserved, which describes Richard Parker as being a constant sup- 
porter of " sedition," and gives an account of his addressing a meeting 
of the people of Richmond county. In 1775-6 he was a member of the 
Westmoreland County Committee of Safety ( Wm. and Mary Quarterly, 
Vol. 250). The following notice of Richard Parker appears in the 4th 
volume of Call's Virginia Reports: " Richard Parker was born of res- 
pectable parents in the Northern Neck of Virginia [An error. He lived, 
but was not born there]; bred a lawyer, 'and practised in the county 
courts with great reputation. He was fond of literary pursuits and lit- 
erary men * * In all the contests between Great Britain and the 
Colonies he took part with his native country; was an ardent friend of 
the Revolution, and during his whole life, devoted to liberty. As a 
lawyer he was learned, as a judge upright, collected and discreet, and 
as a man amiable, polite, sprightly and agreeable. He was appointed 
a judge of the General Court in 1788; qualified as judge of the first 
Court of Appeals in October of that year." 

He was elected judge of the General Court Jan. 4, 1788, and held 
that office until his death in 1813, in his 84th year. 

Judge Parker married, on December 24, 1 75 1 , Elizabeth, daughter of 
William Beale, of Richmond county. (The will of William Beale, dated 
March 9, 1776, names his "son-in-law Richard Parker.") 

Issue: 4. Richard; 3 5. Alexander; 3 6. Thomas; 3 7. William Har- 
mar; 3 8. John, 3 died 18 10, father of Colonel John A. Parker, of Tappa- 
hannock, who was living in 1890 in his eighty-sixth year, but has since 

4. Richard 3 Parker, eldest son, entered the Revolutionary army at 
an early age; was Captain 2d Virginia Regiment 28th September, 1775; 
Major 6th Virginia Regiment 13th August, 1776; Lieutenant-Colonel 2d 


Virginia Regiment 10th February, 1777; Colonel 1st Virginia Regiment 
10th February, 1778; died 24th April, 1780, of wounds received at the 
siege of Charleston {Heitman). He fought with distinction under 
Washington at Trenton and other battles in New Jersey, rose to the 
rank of Colonel, and was killed on the ramparts at Charleston, S. C, 
aged twenty-two {History of Shenandoah Valley). General Henry Lee, 
in his " Memoirs of the War in the South," says that among the killed 
at Charleston "was Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Parker, of the first Vir- 
ginia regiment. He was one of that illustrious band of youths who first 
flew to their country's Standard when she was driven to unsheathe the 
Sword. Stout and intelligent, brave and enterprising, he had been 
advanced from the command of a company in the course of the war to 
the command of a regiment. Always beloved and respected, late in the 
siege he received a ball in the forehead, and fell dead in the trenches, 
embalmed in the tears of his faithful soldiers and honored by the regret 
of the whole army." 

Colonel Parker's heirs (the children of his brother, Alexander) re- 
ceived on June 4, 1783, a land bounty warrant of 6,666 2 ^ acres for his 
services. Later, in 1834 and 1838, additional bounty was granted. The 
report of the Virginia Commissioner on Revolutionary Claims, printed 
in Journal and Documents, House of Delegates of Virginia, 1835-6, is 
as follows: "Richard Parker, Colonel, entered the service Sept., 1775, 
and served until he was killed in battle in April, 1780 (see the certificate 
of Col. William Davies, on file in the office of the executive depart- 
ment, and Settlements of the Accounts of Continental officers by State 
Auditors). His heirs received 6,666 2 A, acres of land in 1780, and 678 
acres in 1834. They are entitled to additional bounty land." 

[to be continued.] 


From Letter-Books of Councillor Carter, owned by his grandson George 
Carter, Esq., of " Oaklands," Loudoun county, Va., and communi- 
cated through Miss Kate Mason Rowland, by permission of the 

Book of Entries 

Began 10th day of October, 1785. 

A. D. 1754, Robert Carter married Frances Tasker, April 2, daughter 
of the Honorable Benjamin Tasker, President of Maryland. 

Nov. 9, 1758, R. C. received his mandamus to be Councilor. 

1750, first born, Benjamin Carter who died ye 6th May, 1779, interred 
near Bull Run Meeting House in Loudoun county, being 22 years, 5 
months and 27 days old. 


1759, March 18, second child, Robert Bladen Carter, who died in 
London, being years old. 

1760, Col. B. Tasker died. 

1760, June 15, third child, born at Nomony Hall, Virg'a, Priscilla 

1761, June, sale of horses at Bellair. 

1761, R. C. and family removed from Westm'd to the city of Williams- 

1762, January 17, fourth child, Anne Tasker Peek, born at Williams- 
burg. [Mrs. Peek married 2ndly, in 1796, Hugh Ouinlan native of Ire- 

1762, Nov. 19, fifth child, Rebecca Carter, who died immediately, and 
the remains interred in churchyard VV'msburg. 
R. C. and Governor Fauquier went to New York. 
September, 1763, R. C. and Do. went to Charlestown. 

1764, May 25, sixth child, Frances Jones, born at Williamsburg. [For 
family of Frances Carter Jones, see "Lee of Virginia," p. 366.] 

1765, October 25, seventh child, Betty Landon Ball, born at W'ms- 
burg. [For family of Betty Carter Ball, see Hayden's " Virginia Gene- 
alogy," p. 135.] 

1767, Feb'y 27, eighth child, Mary Carter, born at W'msburg, who 
died ye 13th June, 1771, buried in ye churchyard W'msburg. 

1768, July 8. Ninth child, Harriet Lucy Maund, born at W'msburg. 

1769, June ir. Tenth child, Amelia Churchill Carter, born at W'ms- 
burg, who died ye 29th July, 1770; buried in Churchyard W'msburg. 

1770, Nov. 18. Eleventh child, Rebecca Dulany Carter, born at 
W'msburg, who died ye 16th July, 1771; buried in Churchyard W'ms- 

1772, March 2. Twelfth child, John Tasker Carter, born at W'msburg. 
[He married Louisa, daughter George Fairfax Lee, d. s. p. See "Lee 
of Virginia."] 

1772, June. R. Carter and his Family removed from W'msburg to 
Nomony Hall, in Westmoreland County. 

1773, April 10. Thirteenth child, Sarah Fairfax Carter, born at Nom- 
ony Hall in Westm'd Co., Virg'a. [She married Dr. John Chinn, of 
Richmond Co., Va., December, 1796. See Hayden's "Virginia Gene- 
alogies," page 120.] 

1775, Sept. 17. Fourteenth child, Judith Carter, born at Nomony 
Hall, who was buried the 26th Sept'r, 1775. 

Ann Tasker died. Will recorded 9th December. 

1777, Jan'y 31. Fifteenth child, George Carter, born at N. Hall. 

J777. June. R. Carter and 3 of his Children were inoculated at Mrs. 
Ford's house in St. Mary's Co., Maryland, and it was there R. C. expe- 
rienced the truth contained in the following Scripture: " That he Paul 
was alive without the Law once, etc." 


[Sophia Carter, born November 25, 1778 (16th child). Julia Carter, 
born April 18, 1783 (17th child). Julia Carter married Dr. Robert B. 
Berkeley (born 1776), of "Airwell," Hanover county, son of Nelson 
and Elizabeth Carter Berkeley. See Keith's "Ancestry of Benjamin 
Harrison and Notes on Families Related." Also the " Page Family of 

Nomony Hall, 31st day October, 1787, Wednesday Morn, about 7 
o'clock, Mrs. Frances Carter, about 49X years old, late wife of Rob't 
Carter, of Westmoreland Co., died, leaving 10 children living. 

Robert Bladen Carter, Priscilla Mitchell, Ann Tasker Peek, Frances 
Jones, Betty Landon Carter, Harriet Lucy Carter, John Tasker Carter, 
Sarah Fairfax Carter, George Carter, Sophia Carter, Julia Carter. 

On Friday, the 2nd day of November, 1787, about 2 o'clock P. M., 
the Remains of the late Mrs. Frances Carter were interred near the 
grave of her daughter, Judith Carter (b. & d. 1775, 9 days old only) in 
the family burying ground in the garden at Nomony Hall. 

[Letter of Robert Carter to Maj. Thomas Jones, his son-in-law.] 

Nomony Hall, 3 Nov., 1787. 
Dear Sir, 

My late Companion died on Wednesday last, her soul was full of 
love, and wished to meet with her redeemer, Jesus Christ. 
I am dear Sir, yr. very humble Servant, 

Robert Carter. 


Filler. — Who were parents of Frederick Filler, of Harper's Ferry? 
He entered Revolutionary army at age of 16 and served three years un- 
der Captain Val. Creager and Colonel Wood. 

Lutz. — Ancestry desired of John Lutz, born 7th January, 1773, in 
Loudoun county, Virginia. 

Snyder. — Ancestry, birth, marriage and death desired of Jacob Sny- 
der, living in Berkeley county, Virginia, 1770-80. 

W. Filler Lutz, 
5000 Woodland Avenue, Philadelphia, Penn. 



[Prepared by VV. G. Stanard.] 

(417) Hannibal Fletcher [i], 150 acres in the County of James 
City at Lower Chippokes creek, extending southerly towards Lawne's 
creek. Due for the transportation of three persons, Robert Fenman, 
Janet Beckwith, Philip Outlep. By West, Nov. 22d, 1636. 

[ 1 ] Possibly the patentee was the father of ' ' Mr. George Fletcher, ' ' to 
whom, in 1652, the Assembly gave the exclusive privilege for fourteen 
years " distill and brew in wooden vessels which none have experience 
in but himself." 

(418) John Yates [i], 150 acres being a neck of land on the east 
side of Elizabeth River, and the south branch thereof. Due for the 
transportation of himself, his wife Joane, and Richard Yates. By West, 
Nov. 24, 1636. 


[1] John Yates was churchwarden of Lynhaven parish 1642. In Au- 
gust, 1648, in Lower Norfolk county, Joane Yates was granted adminis- 
tration on the estate of her deceased husband, John Yates. 

(419) William Fookes, 450 acres at Nanzemond river, adjoining 
the land of Daniel Gookins [1]. Due for the transportation of nine 
persons (names below). By West, Nov. 24, 1636. 

William Harris, Ann Whitacre, Chr. Whiting, Ann Westly, John 
Wood, James Abbott, Thos. Deacon, Thos. Colly, Robert Slingsby. 

[1] Daniel Gookin, of Cargoline, Cork, Ireland, commenced a plan- 
tation in Virginia in 1621. He was a son of John Gookin, of Ripple 
Court, Kent, and with his brother, Sir Vincent Gookin, settled in Ire- 
land. He came to Virginia in Nov., 1622, with fifty men, well provided, 
and settled at a place called Mary's Mount, near Newport News. Neill, 
in Virginia Carolorum, page 185, gives the epitaph of his son, Daniel 
Gookin, Jr., who removed in 164410 Massachusetts and became a prom- 
inent man there. 

(420) Henry Southell 700 acres on the " Chesopeian Shore within 
the Territories of Lynhaven," adjoining on the north the land of Wm 


Layton [i] and on the west, the river. Due for the transportation of 
fourteen persons (names below). By West, Nov. 25, 1636. 

Rowland Light, Richard Light, Wm. Layton, George Lento, William 
Basnett, Jathan Right, Jon. Eves, Sarah Palmer, Jon. Dunmore, Row- 
land Buckley, Thos. Heath, Ralph Simpkins, Hannah Woodington, 
Alice Alcott. 


[1] Wm. Layton came to Virginia in the ship Hopeful in 1627, and 
settled in Lower Norfolk county. (L. JV. Records.) 

(421) Francis Maulden, 400 acres at Nanzemond river on the north 
side, abutting south east on the island "commonly called Dumplin 
Island." Due: 50 acres for his own personal adventure; 50 for the per- 
sonal adventure of his wife, Katherine, and 300 for the transportation of 
six persons: Jos. Pitloe, Robert Sutton, Barbary Barnes, Hump. Browne,. 
Francis Hutchinson, William Parry. By West, Nov. 26. 1636. 

(422) Richard Young, 350 acres in the county of Warwicksqueake, 
up the river, southwest from a place called the great Indian field, and 
adjoining Thomas Jordon's land. Due ior the transportation of seven- 
persons (names below). By West, Nov. 25, 1636. 

Henry Sneale, Elizabeth Sneale, his wife; Elizabeth Sneale, John 
Sneale, Dorothy Sneale, Alice Sneale, Mary Sneale. 

This patent was renewed August 24, 1643, and another patent of May 
11, 1638, added to it. 

(423) Richard Young, 100 acres in the County of Warwicksqueake, 
near the great Indian field. Due for his own personal adventure and for 
the transportation of his wife Dorothy Young. By West, Nov. 25, 1636. 

(424) George Sopheir, 300 acres in the county of Elizabeth City on 
the Old Poquoson River, adjoining the land of John Laydon, and ex- 
tending east from the Otter Dams. Due: 50 acres for his own personal 
adventure, and 250 for the transportation of five persons: Jon. Hening, 
Matthew Gouch, Joseph Dennis, Thomas Body, Henry Poiney. By 
West, November 26, 1636. 

(425) Anthony Jones [i], 100 acres in the county of Warwicks- 
queake, on Pagan Point Bay, and on the north side of Pagan Point 
Creek. Due for the transportation of two persons, Rich'd Loe and 
Thos. Randall. By West, November 26, 1636. 


[1] Anthony Jones was Burgess for Isle of Wight, January, 1639.. 


(Robinson's Notes), and March, 1642-3 {Hening I, 239). April 13, i64o > 
Mr. Anthony Jones, a commissioner [justice], of Isle of Wight county, 
was about to take a voyage to England [Robinson's Notes'). 

(426) Henry Bradley, 100 acres in the county of Warwicksqueake, 
on the river. Due for the personal adventure of his wife Frances Brad- 
ley and for the transportation of one person. By West, November 28, 

Renewed by Sir John Hawey and 100 acres 'added to it. 

Rd. Kemp, Sec. 

(427) Stephen Gill [i], 100 acres in the county of Charles River 
[York] adjoining on the west, the land formerly granted him by patent. 
Due for the personal adventure of his now wife Ann Gill, and her late 
husband Henry Toppin. By West, November 28, 1636. 


[1] There is on record in York county, a deed dated January 26, 
1638, to Stephen Gill, " chirurgeon." Captain Stephen Gill was a jus- 
tice of York, 1652, and a Burgess in the same year. There is on record 
a deed dated February 22, 1652, from "Captain Stephen Gill, of York 
■co., gentleman." The will of Stephen Gill wasdated July 15, 1646, and 
proved in York, August 2, 1653. It leaves his whole estate to his wife 
and children, but does not give their names. The inventory of his es- 
tate (quite a large one), shows that he had continued to practise as a 
physician and surgeon. 

(428) William Cox [1], 150 acres in the county of Henrico, about 
two miles and a half above Harroe Attocks, and bounded on the west 
by the great swamp. Due for the transportation of three persons, 
Thomas Brakston, Richard Bird, Richard Hewes. By West, November 
29, 1636. 


[1] Arrowhattocks or Harrowattocks, was on the north side of the 
river, just above the present Dutch Gap Canal. A family of Cox, long 
resident in Henrico, owned a farm called Newstead, which was on the 
river a few miles higher up. This may have included the grant above. 

(429) Thomas Andrews, Lease of 50 acres bordering upon the 
school land [1], formerly called Benjamin Syms' land. Lease for 21 
years with an annual rent of two barrels of good Indian corn yearly. 
By West, November 28, 1636. 


[1] By his will, dated February 12, 1634-35, Benj. Syms, of Eliza- 
beth City county, founded the first free school (endowed), in the North 


American Colonies. This school existed until 1805, when it was, to- 
gether with another, established by Thomas Eaton, about 1640, incor- 
porated as Hampton Academy. Since the late war the funds belonging 
to the Academy endowment, have been used for the support of the 
Hampton High School. For a more extended account see the William 
and Mary Quarterly, October, 1897. 

(430) Richard Millton, 75 acres at Westover in the county of 
Charles City, bounded on the south by the river; on the east by the land 
of John Clay; on the west by the land of Wm. Thompson, and on the 
north by Herring Creek;- which land is half of a patent previously be- 
longing to John Davis, and John Clay in equal portions; with all the 
" buildings and houseing thereupon; " and sold by John Davis to Thomas 
Stephens, merchant [sic: but probably should be Stegg], and due said 
Mellton by deed from Thomas Stegg, merchant, " extant upon record " 
[1]. This patent granted by West, November 29, 1636. 

[1] This is of interest as showing that as early as 1636 conveyances 
of land were put upon record in Virginia. 

(431) William Wilkinson, Minister, 700 acres on the " Lynhaven, 
commonly called Chesapeian river," adjoining the land of Captain Adam 
Thoroughgood. Due: 200 acres, by assignment, dated Oct. 3, 1635, 
from Robert Newkerke, and due said Newkerke as follows: 50 for his 
own personal adventure, and 150 for the transportation of three persons. 
The other 500 acres due: 50 for said Wilkinsons own personal adventure, 
50 for the personal adventure of his wife Naomy, and 400 for the trans- 
portation of 8 persons. By West, Nov. 20, 1635. 

(432) James Place, 550 acres in Henrico county, by a small creek in 
a clear field, called Pinascoes field, otherwise Porridge's field; bounded 
on the southwest by the river, and extending northwest towards the falls 
of the great river, and adjoining the land of Robert Hollman Due to 
the said Place in right of his wife Elizabeth, as follows: 250 in right of 
her first husband, George Boates (and due to Boates for the transporta- 
tion of her, the said Elizabeth, and four servants), and 300 acres in right 
of her late husband, John Ward, due said Ward as follows: 100 in his 
own right, as an ancient planter, and 200 for the transportation of his 
first wife, Grace, and three other persons. By West, June 1, 1635. 

Head rights: Elizabeth Ward, Geo. Boates, Cornelius Dehull, Vin- 
cent Dehall, Richard Tombs, Jon. [1] Ward, Grace Ward, Jon. Mor- 
gan, Thomas Robinson, Richard Greete. 



[i] As "John" Ward is named in the patent, this shows that "Jon" 
is the abbreviation for that name. 

(433) Cornelius Loyd, 100 acres on the east side of the bay of Eliza- 
beth river, bounded on the north by Thomas Lambeth's [Lambert] land. 
Due for the transportation of two persons. By West, Dec. 22, 1636. 

(434) Francis Stockley, 50 acres in the County of Accomack at 
Old Plantation Creek, adjoining the land of Henry Williams. Due for 
the transportation of one servant, Francis Jarvis. By West, Dec. 22, 

(435) Lieutenant John Cheesman, 200 acres at New Poquoson 
[York Co.], adjoining the lands of Christopher Stokes [1] and Thos. 
Ranshaw. Due for the transportation of four persons. By West, Dec. 
22, 1636. 


[1] Christopher Stokes, who was probably of the family of Stokes, of 
Stanshawes, Gloucestershire, England (a family in which the name 
Christopher appears several times), came to Virginia before 1635, for 
we find that on the 21st day of July of that year he obtained a patent for 
300 acres of land on the New Poquoson, in Charles river, afterwards 
York; and Aug. 16, 1637, 300 acres more adjoining, and on the 20th of 
May, 1638, 400 acres on Warwick river. He was a member of the 
House of Burgesses for " Warwicke River," in October, 1629 [Hening 
I, 139), and for Denby (in Warwick Co.) March, 1629-30 {lb., I, 148), 
and died sometime before 1646, leaving Christopher, William, Francis 
and Thomas, his sons, surviving him, and a will, which does not remain 
of record, devising his estate to his said four sons, for in a record in the 
County Court of York, on the 25th of May, 1648, is this entry: " Whereas 
Christopher Stokes did, by his will, give to his sons Christopher, Wil- 
liam, Francis and Thomas his estate; whereas the said Thomas has 
since died, the court doth order that Edward Miles, guardian, do take 
charge," &c. 

Christopher Stokes, son of the above, died leaving a widow, but no 
children, dividing his estate, by will, equally between his said wife, 
Abeatrice, and his two brothers, William and Francis {York Records). 

Frances died about 1658, unmarried, thus leaving William only sur- 
vivor, who became owner of all the land patented by his father. He is 
stated to have been the father of John Stokes who obtained a patent for 
476 acres of land in Charles City county on the 25th of April, 1701, and 
of Sylvanus Stokes, who patented 244 acres in Charles City, December 
19, 171 1, and in 1717 of 200 acres south side of Nottoway river, and in 


1723 of 380 acres adjoining the last grant. The said John Stokes was 
the father of David Stokes the elder, who was one of the justices of Lu- 
nenburg in 1746, when that county was organized, and had large hold- 
ings of real estate there. 

Sylvanus Stokes was the father of Young and Henry Stokes, who to- 
gether, had a grant of 480 acres on Tusiekeat creek, Lunenburg in 1750. 
The will of Silvanus Stokes was proved in Surry, in March, 1748. (We 
shall be glad to have an abstract of it. ) On Dec. 30, 1 727, Silvanus Stokes, 
of Surry, made a deed for a tract of land which had been granted him 
in 1723. Of this branch, doubtless, was John Stokes, whose will, dated 
[une 9, and proved in Sussex, August 16, 1764, left his estate to his wife, 
Sarah, and sons Young, John and Nathaniel; and also Silvanus Stokes, 
whose will was dated February 25, 1758, and proved in Sussex, June 19, 
1766. His legatees were his sons Marcus, Silvanus, Drury and Micajah; 
wife Cecilia, daughters Phaedra Freeman, Susannah Green, Elizabeth 
Knight, and Lucy, Agnes, and Lexia Stokes. The will of Samuel 
Stokes was dated July 23, 1770, and proved in Sussex, April 16, 1772; 
legatees: wife Mary, daughter Lorel Rochel, daughter Cisla Thompson, 
sons David and Samuel. There is on record in Sussex, a deed dated 
1755, from Samuel Stokes, conveying to John Stokes land which was 
patented by Silvanus Stokes in 1732. The will of Cecilia Stokes was 
proved in Sussex, October 19, 1786; legatees: sons Micajah and Silvanus, 
children (in general), daughter Elizabeth Knight. There is also of re- 
cord in Sussex a deed, dated 1758, from Silvanus Stokes of that county, 
to Silvanus Stokes, of Brunswick county; and also a deed dated July 5, 
1763, from Silvanus Stokes, of Sussex, to his daughter, Lucy Owen. 

The register of Albemarle Parish, Sussex, contains the following en- 
tries in regard to the family: John and Sarah. Stokes had issue: (1) 
Elizabeth, born September 10, 1747; (2) Edith, born January 21, 1749- 
50; (3) John, born August 20, 1743; (4) Phebe, born November 17, 
'745; (5) Sarah, born November 9, 1761; (6) Mourning, "daughter of 
John Stokes, deceased, and Sarah his wife," born October 14, 1764. 

John and Anne Stokes had Silvanus, born February 18, 1739-40. 
[Anne may have been the first wife of the same John Stokes.] 

Silvanus and Cecilia Stokes had (1) Agnes, born October 18, 1745; 
(2) Lydia, born January 27, 1747-8; (3) Elizabeth, born August 20, 1740. 
Silvanus and Frances Stokes had Lucy, born January 13, 1741-2, 

David and Sarah Stokes had (1) Mary, born February 10, 1747-8; (2) 
Lucy, born January 17, 1754. Young and Sarah Stokes had ( r ) Zadock, 
born July 7, 1769. 

Thomas and Anne Stokes had (1) Polly, born June 19, 1775; (2) 
Richard, born April 17, 1771. 

Samuel and Mary Stokes had (1) Rebeccah, born October 14, 1759. 

Jones and Ann Stokes had (1) Jones, born February 10, 1742-3. 

Silvanus Stokes died February 6, 1747-8. 


Jones Stokes, Jr., died February 23, 1750-1. 

Very probably all of these people had other children besides those 
which appear in the parish register in its present shape. It is well known 
that parish registers, at least in Virginia, cannot be relied on to give all 
the children born in a parish. Either the parents or minister failed to 
enter them, or their names were in registers now lost. 

A manuscript account of the family prepared recently by a descendant 
states, that John and Sylvanus Stokes referred to above as grandsons of 
the immigrant, and sons of William Stokes, were ancestors of those of 
the name now living. Sylvanus was the father of Young and Henry 
Stokes, who owned large bodies of land in Lunenburg and the adjoining 
counties. The former (Young Stokes), was the father of Sylvanus 
Stokes, the ancestor of Allen Y. Stokes, of Richmond, and Dr. Thomas 
D. Stokes, of Danville. 

There is on record in Brunswick county, the marriage bond, dated 
August 24, 1756, of Silvanus Stokes and Temperance, daughter of Geo. 

The will of Elizabeth Stokes, was dated April 27, 1746, and proved in 
Lunenburg, October 1, 1751; legatees: sons Richard and David. The 
will of Young Stokes was dated August 3, 1769, and proved in Lunen- 
burg, December 5, 1770; legatees: wife Elizabeth, son Henry, daughter 
Cecilia, children Silvanus, Allen, William, Susannah, Charlotte, Mary 
Ann Neal, Lucy Anderson, and Elizabeth, wife of Henry Blagrave. 

The will of Allen Stokes was dated January 10, 1781, and proved in 
Lunenburg, Februarys, 1787; legatees: son Allen, son German Young 
Stokes; daughter Mary, and his wife; makes bequests to his five children 
and his brother Henry Stokes. His mother was living when the will 
was made. There is in Lunenburg, a deed from Richard Stokes to his 
son Richard, August, 1760. 

The manuscript account of the family already referred to, states that 
David Stokes the elder, son of John* and grandson of William Stokes, 
was a justice of Lunenburg at its formation in 1746, and was born 23rd 
October, 1707, and died 12th September, 1794. (The date's are from a 
family Bible. ) 

He married Sarah Montford (granddaughter of Colonel Thomas 
Montford, who lived at Old Point Comfort), born 3d February, 1717, 
died 9th. April, 1800. 

They had the following sons and daughters: 

I. William, born 10th October, 1735; II. Anne, born nth October, 
1737; III. Elizabeth, born 30th August, 1740; IV. Mary, born 20th Aug., 
1743; married Anthony Street, and was mother of Waddey Street, who 
was elected to Congress, but died before taking his seat; and David 
Street, who was for many years presiding justice of Lunenburg; V. 
David, born 18th November, 1745, and died in 1797. He was a lawyer 
of great ability and an officer in the Revolutionary Army. In 1781 he 


was Colonel of the militia of Lunenburg, and was with them in camp at 
Williamsburg on October ist. It appears that the number of the militia 
of that county who could be armed was so small that the government 
directed that the services of a colonel should be dispensed with. Under 
date Oct. ist, 1 78r, Col. Stokes wrote to Governor Nelson a very indig- 
nant letter in regard to the refusal of his services, and protested against 
being "dishonorably discharged within sight of the field of action" 
{Calendar Virginia State Papers, I, 515); VI. Sarah, born 19th Dec, 
1748; VII. Susannah, born 23d Sept., 1750; VIII. Jane, born 24th Mar., 
1751, died Oct., 1828. She married Peter Jones, a descendant of Peter 
Jones, who was associated with Col. Wm. Byrd in running the boundary 
line between Virginia and North Carolina, and was the mother of (1) 
Lewellin Jones, father of Montford Jones, of Canton, Miss.; (2) Edw'd 
Montford Jones, father of John James Jones and Anne Parke Craig; 
(3) Branch Jones, father of Algernon Sidney Jones, Peter Branch Jones, 
Walter Jones, Lewis Claiborne Jones, and several daughters; (4) Peter 
Jones, father of Lewellin A. Jones, and Julia who married Dr. Henry 
May; (5) Jane who married McCullough, and was grandmother of Gen'l 
Ben. McCullough, C. S. A.; (6) Sally who married Richard Cralle, and 
was the mother of Richard Kenner Cralle, a distinguished lawyer and 
literary man and the friend and biographer of Jno. C. Calhoun, Dr. A. 

B. Cralle, John L. Cralle, S. J. Cralle, and Martha, and Sally Montford 
who married Colin Stokes; (7) Mary who married Major Robinson; (8) 
Elizabeth who married John Taylor, and was the mother of John Stokes 
Taylor, Littleton Waller Taylor, Martha who married Whitaker, of 
Florida, and Eliza who married Bradford of the same State; (9) Ann S. 
married Wm. Garland Overton, and was the mother of Wm. Montford 
Overton, &c. ; IX. John Stokes, born 20th March, 1756, was a captain 
in the Revolutionary Army and Judge of the United States District 
Court for the Western District of North Carolina. President Andrew 
Jackson studied law in his office; X. Peter Stokes, born 25th Oct., 1758, 
died Feb., 1828. He was a captain in the Revolutionary Army, and 
married Sarah, sister of James Smith who represented Lunenburg Co. 
in the House of Delegates for many years; XI. Montford Stokes, born 
12th March, 1762; Governor of North Carolina and United States Sena- 
tor. Wheeler's Reminiscences of North Carolina, 18S7, pp. 468-69, says, 
however, that he was born 1760, died 1842, and was a son of Allen 
Stokes, of Halifax county, N. C. He represented Wilkes county, N. 

C. in the State Senate in 1826, and the House of Commons 1819-29 and 
1830; United States Senator 1815-23, and Governor of North Carolina 
1831. He was twice married, and Wheeler gives an account of his de- 
scendants. It is believed that Wheeler is incorrect in his statement of 
the parentage of Governor Stokes, and that the account here given, 
from the Bible of David Stokes, is correct. 

Peter Stokes, son of David Stokes the elder, had one son, John, who 


married his cousin Susannah, daughter of Peter Jones, and one daugh- 
ter Sarah, who married David Street, son of Anthony. 

John Stokes (son of Peter) and Susannah his wife had the following 
sons and daughters: I. Peter, married Isabella Nelson, daughter of 
Nathaniel Nelson, and moved to Texas, where he died, leaving sons and 
daughters; II. John Hancock married Maria, daughter of Gillis M. 
Bacon, and has sons and daughters; III. Sarah Jane married Elisha B. 
Jackson, and died in 185 r, leaving one child, John Jackson, of Rich- 
mond, Va.; IV. David Rittenhouse, Captain C. S. A., of Lunenburg 
county, married first, Sarah Haynie, daughter of Wm. Stokes, and had 
by her two daughters, Sarah Jane, who married Edwin C. Ogburn, and 
Lucy Allen who married Alpheus C. Ogburn. Dr. R. Stokes married 
secondly, Josephine, daughter of Sharpe Carter, of Nottoway county, 
and had Terry, Richard Carter, David R., Jr., Irby, Martha who married 
McCole, of Henry county, Belle and Susan Jones. D. R. Jones died 
1884; IV: Wm. Overton Stokes, who graduated in medicine at Philadel- 
phia, moved to Kentucky, where he married Sarah Montford, daughter 
of Captain John Cooke, and died about 1861, leaving two sons and a 
daughter; V. Edward Montford Stokes, who never married. 

(436) Elinor Day and Thomas Emmerson, 300 acres in the County 
of Warwick River, beginning on the west at Claybourne's Neck pond, 
and adjoining Thomas Altome's land. Due for the transportation of 
six persons: Edward Sandall, Jon. Foard, Robert Bentall, Nathan 
Gudle, Georg Johnson, William Osintherly [?]. By West, Dec. 22d, 1636. 

(437) Richard Preston [i], 150 acres about four miles up War- 
wicksqueake River, on the north side, "the land being known by the 
Indians as Husquanups." Due for the transportation of Preston's now 
wife and three other persons. By West, Dec. 22d, 1636. 

[1] Richard Preston was a justice of Nansemond county September 
29, 1636 ( Order recorded in Lower Norfolk). 

(438) Epaphroditus Lawson, 200 acres in the county of Warwicks- 
queake, adjoining Wm. Parker's land, and the Nanzemond River. Due 
for the transportation of four persons: Jon. Dipple, William Ewin, Rich- 
ard Williams, Jon. Smith. By West, Dec. 23d, 1636. 

(439) Arthur Hashington, 200 acres in the county of Warwicks- 
queake, adjoining the land of Epaphroditus Lawson and the Nansemond 


river. Due for the transportation of three persons: Arthur Haskington, 
Thomas Morgan, John Banister. By West, Dec. 23d, 1636. 

This patent was renewed in the name of Gresham Cofield the 18th 
July, 1640. 

(440) Wil'liam Johnson, 50 acres in Warwicksqueake, adjoining the 
land of Arthur Haskington. Due for his own personal adventure. By 
West, Dec. 23d, 1636. 

(441) Nicholas Reynolds, 1,000 acres at Lawne's Creek, adjoining 
the lands of Edward Rogers and Captain William Peirce, said land being 
granted by Captain Francis West, late deceased, to Roger Delke, also 
lately deceased, and now due said Reynolds as marrying the widow of 
said Delke. By West, Dec. 23d, 1636. 

(442) Henry Wilson, 50 acres in the county of. Accomack, on Old 
Plantation Creek and adjoining the lands of Wm. Blower and Francis 
Stockley. Due for the transportation of one servant, Jasper Melton. 
By West, December 23, 1636. 

(443) William Melling [i] 100 acres in Accomack, on the south 
side of King's Creek, adjoining the land of William Bilby. By West, 
December 23, 1636. 


[ij There is on record at Northampton Court House (formerly Ac- 
comack), a deposition of "William Melling, gentleman," dated June 9, 
1636; and in the same court is recorded an acknowledgment, dated June 
28, 1661, by "William Melling, late of Virginia, now resident in Lon- 
don, gentleman." 



An Ancestor of Ashby. 

(Contributed by Mr. Howard R. Bayne.) 

Lieutenant Ashby was the brother of Captain John Ashby, of the Third 
Virginia Regiment, Continental Establishment. Captain John Ashby 
was the grandfather of General Turner Ashby, C. S. A., and was my 
great grandfather. He commanded a company under General Lewis in 
the battle of Point Pleasant on the Ohio in 1774. Subsequently he 
marched to Williamsburg against Lord Dunmore as captain of a com- 
pany of Culpeper Minute Men, and was at the battle of Great Bridge, 
near Norfolk. At the crisis in the battle of Harlem Heights, Captain 
John Ashby commanded one of the three Virginia Regiments under 
Major Leitch, specially ordered by Washington to save the day. The 
Third Virginia Regiment appears to have been one upon which Wash- 
ington was wont to rely in every crisis, when the regiment was at hand. 

The Commission. 

United States of America, Board of War 

and Ordinance, MDCCLXXVIII. 

To Benjamin Ashby, Gentleman, Greeting — We, Reposing especial 
trust and confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct and Fidelity, 
Do by these presents constitute and appoint you, to be an Ensign in the 
seventh Virginia Regiment in the Army of the United States, to take 
rank as a Second Lieutenant from the first day of June, A. D. 1777; You 
are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the duty of an Ensign, 
by doing and performing all manner of things thereunto belonging. 
And we do Strictly charge and require all Officers and Soldiers, under 
your command, to be obedient to your orders, as Ensign. And you are 
to observe and follow such orders and directions, from time to time, as 
you shall receive from this, or a future Congress of the United States, 
or Committee of Congress for that purpose appointed, a Committee of 
the States, or Commander in chief for the time being of the Army of 
the United States, or any other your Superior Officer, according to the 
rules and discipline of War, in pursuance of the trust reposed in you. 
This Commission to continue in force until revoked by this, or a future 
Congress, the Committee of Congress beforementioned, or a Committee 
of the States. 

Witness His Excellency John Jay Esqr., President of the Congress of 


the United States of America, at Philadelphia the 20th day of March, 
1779, and in the third year of our Independence. 

John Jay. 

Entered in the War Office and examined by the Board. 

Attest: P. Scully. 

Secretary of the Board of War. 

Oath of Allegiance. 

I, Benjamin Ashby, Second Lieutenant, do acknowledge the United 
States of America to be Free, Independent and Sovereign States, and 
declare that the people thereof owe no allegiance or obedience to George 
the Third, King of Great Britain; and I renounce, refuse and abjure any 
allegiance or obedience to him; and I do swear that I will, to the utmost 
of my power, support, maintain and defend the said United States, 
against the said King George the Third, his heirs and successors, and 
his or their abettors, assistants and adherents, and will serve the said 

United States in the office of [Blank in original] which I now 

hold, with fidelity, according to the best of my skill and understanding. 

Benjn. Ashby. 

Sworn to before me at Radnor this 10th June, 1778. 

T. Knox. 

Chancellor Wythe's Opinion Respecting Religion, 

Delivered by Himself. 

(From Massie Papers, Va. Hist. Soc. MSS. Collection.) 

Why Sir, as to religion, I have ever considered it as Our best and 
greatest Friend, those glorious views which it gives of our relation to 
God, and of our destination to Heaven, on the easy terms of a good 
life, unquestionably furnish the best of all motives to virtue; the strong- 
est dissuasives from vice; and the richest cordial under trouble, thus far 
I suppose We are all agreed; but not perhaps, so entirely in another 
opinion which is, that in the sight of God, moral character is the main 
point. This opinion very clearly taught by reason, is as fully * * 
by * * which every * * That the Tree will be valued only for its 
good fruit; and, that in the last day, according to Our works of love or 
of hatred, of mercy, or of cruelty, We shall sing with angels, or weep 
with devils: in short, the Christian religion (the sweetest and sublimest 
in the World), labours throughout to infix in Our hearts this great truth, 
that God is love — and that in exact proportion as we grow in love, We 
grow in his likeness, and consequently shall partake of his friendship 


and felicity forever, while others therefore have been beating their heads, 
or embittering their hearts with disputes about forms of baptism and 
modes of faith, it has always, thank God, struck me as my great duty, 
constantly to think of this — God is love; and he that walketh in love, 
walketh in God and God in Him. 

Docking Entail. 

In October, 1765, the General Assembly passed an act docking the 
entail of certain lands belonging to Rice Jones, wherein it was related 
that Rice Jones the elder, was seized of a valuable tract of land in South 
Farnham parish, Essex, and of 800 acres in Middlesex, and by his will, 
dated November 23, 1676, gave his land in Essex, called Ninecock Point, 
to his son John Jones, and the land in Middlesex to his son Rice Jones; 
and on the death of the said John Jones, without issue, the said Rice 
Jones entered into possession of both tracts and died seized, leaving 
issue: John Jones, his eldest son, who also died seized thereof, leaving 
three sons Rice, John and William, and said Rice and John are since 
dead without issue, and said William is also dead, leaving Rice Jones 
his eldest son, the present possessor. The entail on the Middlesex lands 
is docked. 

Punishment for Abuse. 

Virginia: In Accomack County Court, Aug. 18th, 1663. 

Forasmuch appeareth to ye Court that Mary White hath much 
Scandallized & abused (her Aunt) Goody Hait as appears by sufficient 
evidence, It is therefore ordered that as a just reward for her offence, 
she be committed into ye Sheriff's custody untill she ask her Aunt for- 
giveness for her s'd offence three tymes, once in open Court and once at 
either Church in this County on ye next succeding Sabath daies in ye 
face of ye congregation, and pay Court charges. 

A Copy, Test: Robt. H. Oldham, Dy., 

1897, October 4th. for W. Oldham, Jr., C. A. C. 



Notes on Fiske's "Old Virginia and Her Neighbors." 
(Continued. ) 

Miss Kate Mason Rowland, the well known authoress of the " Life of 
George Mason" and the " Life of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton," con- 
tributes the following notes on Prof. Fiske's "Old Virginia and her 
Neighbors: " 

Volume II, pages 170, 171. — The Charles Carroll who had contem- 
plated migrating "with other (Roman) Catholic gentlemen" (I would 
always put the Roman before Catholic because that is not the only branch 
of the Church Catholic) to the Arkansas River was the son of the "agent 
and receiver of rents for the third Lord Baltimore." (See "Life of 
Charles Carroll, of Carrollton," Vol. I, pages 31, 32. This was in 1757, 
and the third Lord Baltimore died in 17 15; his "agent" in 1720.) 

Volume II, page 172. — It is absurd to speak of the Church of Eng- 
land as "a foreign and hated Church." It was the Church of English- 
men, and Marylanders were Englishmen. The Roman Catholic was 
really more the "foreign Church," as it was the Church of the French- 
man and the Spaniard. Irish Roman Catholics were in a minority in the 
Colony (page 150). If three-fourths of the Marylanders were "dissent- 
ers," they had just come over from England, and would hardly call her 
established Church " foreign," though they may not have wished to have 
it the established Church of Maryland, which it was. However, it would 
have been a very extraordinary thing to have seen (page 172) the dis- 
franchised "Papist" making an assault upon "the poll tax for main- 
taining a foreign and hated Church," this being the Church of England, 
to which the Governor, Council and Burgesses all belonged! Or if 
some of the latter were "dissenters," they were as much prejudiced 
against the Roman Catholic Church as any members of the Establish- 
ment. (See "Life of Charles Carroll, of Carrollton," Vol. I, page 13.) 
Chapter 4 and Appendix A of " Life of Charles Carroll " show that the 
officers' fees and not the tithes of the Colony were in dispute by the 
" First Citizen " and Dulany. And for Charles Carroll's professed senti- 
ments towards the Established Church, see page 126. 

Volume II, page 191 — "Before 1713," etc., ending with "and it is 
curious now to look back and think how Marlborough and Eugene at 
Blenheim were unconsciously cutting out work for Grant and Sherman 
at Vicksburg." 

This is a remarkable sentence to appear in a book on the South, against 
which Grant and Sherman waged that most wicked war of modern times! 
If these men warred against the South to free the slaves of the South, 


they were violating the solemn and express provisions of their own Con- 
stitution. If they were fighting to force the Southern States back, into 
the Union they were violating the principles of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, which explicitly sets forth the great right of self-government 
inherent in each sovereign community or State. In either case, wrong 
and robbery were the outcome, for which there is no possible justifica- 

"Always clinging to the half-savage frontier, these poor white people," 
etc. " Specimens of him might have been found among the border ruf- 
fians led by the savage Quantrell in 1863 to the cruel massacre at Law- 
rence," etc. 

Now why do we hear only of " the border ruffians led by the savage 
Quantrell " (or Quantrill which seems to be the correct spelling of his 
name) and not a word is said of the provocations that made Quantrill so 
"savage," &c, of the " Jayhavvkers " and their leader "Jim Lane," of 
whom Quantrill was in search, and of whom Quantrill said he was "the 
worst man that was ever born into the world " ? There is no condem- 
nation from Fiske of these Yankee " border ruffians " and their infamous 
chief. It is only Southern "ruffians" who point amoral with this 
Northern writer. Just as all their kind will expatiate upon Anderson- 
ville and keep silent about the much greater sufferings of Confederates 
in Northern prisons, where the ill-treatment was so great and the priva- 
tions wholly needless ! 

Volume II, page 389. — Note the reference to "the iron will of Fran- 
cis Preston Blair that in 1861 prevented the secessionist government of 
Missouri from dragging that State over to the Southern Confederacy." 
That statement ought to be examined. Of course the best men in Mis- 
souri were Confederates as we all know. But the North had agents 
there and the Federal Government did not scruple to trample upon the 
State Government (as in Maryland), to prevent a free exercise of the 
State's sovereignty. Missouri was one of the Confederate States. Her 
secession from the Union taking place August 12, 1861. 

Volume II, page 395. The Scotch-Irish. — "When our Civil War 
came, these men were a great power on both sides, but the influence of 
the chief mass of them was exerted on the side of the Union; it held 
Kentucky and a large part of Tennessee, and broke Virginia in twain." 

Here, I believe Prof. Fiske does great injustice to the Scotch-Irish. 
It was the " poor-white " element in Tennessee, as in Kentucky the ig- 
norant — " the degraded variety or strain of the English race " (p. 320), 
that was disloyal to the Southern Cause — and the enlightened principles 
of civil liberty of which the Southern Confederacy was the exponent. 
See John Fox, Jr., on the mountaineers of his State, Kentucky, and their 
" Union " proclivities — though he is so ignorant himself as to assign the 
wrong reason for these proclivities. We all know what a degraded pop- 
ulation occupied the region of east Tennessee, that was the stronghold of 
the "Union" sentiment in 1861-1865. I had a brother who was there 


during the war— in the Confederate service — and his letters describe 
vividly these "degraded" Tennessee "Yankees." As to Virginia — 
that part of it that the Federal Government made into a State, had sent 
its best men into the Confederate armies, and had these patriots been at 
home, Virginia would not have been " broken in twain." 

The Beginners of a Nation. By Edward Eggleston. 
(concluded. ) 

Dr. Eggleston is peculiarly at home in religious discussion. He has 
been a close student of religious opinion; he is by temper especially 
fitted to deal with these problems, and his characterizations and distinc- 
tions on this head are among the most vital and interesting in the work. 
His hatred of abuses springing from a too intimate union of Church and 
State goes far, and he glows with impatience at the lack of tolerance and 
of freedom in thought and opinion wherever he finds it. He rejects 
utterly the convention "that intolerance in the first settlers was not just 
like other intolerance, and that their cruelty and injustice were justifiable 
under the circumstances." 

If the author may be thought sometimes unjust to a people or to an 
age as a whole, he is never so to an individual. There are many skilful 
portraitures in the volume. That of Captain John Smith is distinctly 
good. His merits and superiority are clearly admitted; there can be no 
doubt of his really great qualities in controlling men and apprehending 
the needs of a critical situation; he is found to be exceptionally trust- 
worthy in his geography; it is only in certain details of his narrative that 
Dr. Eggleston, influenced by the critics in his later study, finds the cap- 
tain vulnerable. This is a distinct advance in the rehabilitation of Cap- 
tain John, and indicates the marked change in the current which may 
perhaps go even farther, as in John Fiske's narrative. Other portrait 
sketches are noteworthy. The contrasts between the two Calverts in the 
account of the Maryland Colony, between Endecott and Winthrop, Cot- 
ton and Hooker, in Massachusetts, are admirable. Roger Williams, 
"the prophet of religious freedom," is the subject of a special chapter, 
so important in this evolution of the life of a people are regarded the 
principles contended for. 

Dr. Eggleston is a stylist as well as a historian, and this interest in 
style makes his volume all the more agreeable reading. In his own 
words, " I have sought to make this a work of art as well as of histori- 
cal science." Many of his sentences are sparkling, idiomatic, and flash- 
ing with point. Particularly the final sentences in his paragraphs scintillate 
with playful metaphor and form frequent condensed epigrammatic sum- 
maries. Illustrations abound. "It is not often that a great historical 
movement can be traced through a single rill to its fountain head " (page 
107). "In the last years of Elizabeth, Puritanism was molting, not 
dying" (page 123). " Perhaps we shall be truer to the probabilities of 


human nature if we conclude that Robinson was able to mold a few of 
the best of them to great uses, and these became the significant digits 
which gave value to the ciphers" (page 157). "Williams was not a 
judge or a lawgiver; he was a poet in morals, enamored of perfection, 
and keeping his conscience purer than Galahad's " (page 283). " In the 
seventeenth century there was no place but the wilderness for such a John 
Baptist of the distant future as Roger Williams " (page 306). Here are 
others: "Puritanism was in its very nature aggressive, even meddle- 
some" (page 167). " Endecott went on fighting the Lord's battles 
against the Apollyons of his fancy, regardless of results " (page 200). 
" If the little Puritan Commonwealth seemed a frail canoe at first, it was 
navigated — considering its smallness one might rather say it was pad- 
dled — most skilfully" (page 266). "Puritanism had wrapped itself in 
the haircloth of austerity, it took grim delight in harsh forbiddings, and 
heaped up whole decalogues of thou-shalt-nots " (page 327). 

Very seldom a sentence is chanced upon that requires a careful or even 
second reading to understand: " Though he usually avoided the appear- 
ance of personal antagonism, every formidable rival he had left Mas- 
sachusetts early (page 279)." The ambiguity lies in an independent 
verb having the appearance of an auxiliary; and on the same is an ex- 
ample of a relative within the relative. 

The author's use of words and idioms is interesting. He has " dulci- 
fied," " downrightness," " disengagedness," " come-outers," "broke 
his health," and "convalesced." The fondness for words in " osity " is 
distinct, as "sinuosity" and " ridiculosity; " while it would be interest- 
ing to count just how many times "scrupulosity" occurs in the single 
chapter on Roger Williams. 

Quite a matter of style is the author's method of dividing each chapter 
into numerous subdivisions — each complete in presenting a phase of the 
subject apart from the others. It is an excellent example of modern 
paragraphing with the topic sentence given in the margin. Closely 
allied with this matter of style is the method of relegating notes and ref- 
erences, not to the foot of the page to disturb the eye in reading, nor at 
the end of the volume where they are never sought, but at the close of 
each chapter as " Elucidations," distinguished by the eye in finer print. 
Still yet a pleasing feature not to be overlooked, and one adding much 
to the value and picturesqueness of the volume, is the eight clear maps 
prepared by Allegra Eggleston. An index is added by Charles Alex- 
ander Nelson. 

In conclusion the fitness of the dedication of this volume on " Life in 
the United States" "To the Right Honourable James Bryce, M. P.," 
will at once be felt. And nowhere more than in the wording of this 
dedication will appear Dr. Eggleston's care and consciousness and charm 
and sense of mastery over matter. 

J. B. Henneman. 


South Carolina Under The Proprietary Government, 1670- 
1719. Edward McCrady. Cloth, crown 8vo, $3.50 net. Macmillan 
& Co., New York and London, 1897. 
For the first time since Sandford took formal possession of the country 
of the Edistohs in 1666, the early history of Colonial South Carolina has 
been adequately written and made accessible to the general reader. 
The brochures of Archdale, Oldmixon, Chalmers and other writers who 
were eye witnesses of the scenes described by them, and actors in the 
events of which they wrote, had long been buried out of the memory of 
all but a few patient scholars, when Carroll published his valuable reprint 
of collected pamphlets, in 1836, and even Hewatt and Ramsay had 
shared the same fate. Invaluable as was this laborious compilation, it 
never reached a second edition, and Simm's resume" and River's brief, 
but accurate studies, soon followed it into undeserved obscurity. The 
names, the labors, the motives and .the achievements of the sturdy men 
who impressed their ideas and their personality on the social and polit- 
ical life of the South, of which they were the founders, had become 
practically lost, or fragmentarily preserved in an inaccurate and unrelia- 
ble tradition; for what has been said of South Carolina is measurably, 
though to a less extent, true of all the Southern Colonies, while the 
names and deeds and somewhat mythical adventures of the makers of 
New England, of New York and of Pennsylvania had long been as 
household words to Southern as well as Northern youth and age. This 
historical exaltation of one section and corresponding neglect of 
the other, may be traced upward through the Royal and Revolutionary 
periods of the country, though in a somewhat lessening degree, and the 
natural result has proved to be a potent factor in the mutual relations of 
the people of the Northern and Southern States. It is very doubtful, 
however, if a familiarity with the written histories of South Carolina 
above mentioned, would have materially altered this result, for Hewatt's 
volumes gave Ramsay most of his materials, and Hewatt was not a native 
writer, nor was he in sympathy with the people of the Province, and 
his work is more a narrative of events than an interested effort to trace 
out their sequence and discover their meaning. 

History is far more than mere narrative, and the true historian must 
grasp his work con amove, must find a congenial theme with which all 
his facts must harmonize, like the melodies of a great musical composi- 
tion, and having found it must follow its thread with a single aim, but 
with sufficient breadth of view to find its illustrations in the facts which 
he narrates, and not to mould those facts to fit his theory. This is not 
an easy task, but General McCrady has accomplished it in a remarkably 
successful degree. The volume before us is really an Economic and 
Constitutional History of Proprietary South Carolina, but without suffi- 
cient professional bias to mar the interest of the general reader, and is 
marked by a careful and accurate attention to detail which is never tire- 


•some, but which will leave little knowledge of events and of man to be 
acquired elsewhere by a thoughtful student. The author has used with 
freedom, but always with honest acknowledgement, the work of those 
who have preceded him in his field; but he has verified, modified and 
corrected their statements by industrious personal reference to the vast 
mass of original matter which has but recently become accessible, and 
in this rich mine he has discovered the large amount of supplementary 
truth which gives the real value and interest to his work. 

Among the authorities thus laboriously consulted may be mentioned 
the invaluable documents rescued by the Hon. Win. A. Courtenay from 
the London State-Paper Office during his Mayoralty of Charleston, and 
printed, most of them for the first time, in his series of Year Books and 
in the five volumes of Collections of the South Carolina Historical Soci- 
ety; the MSS. records, long pigeon-holed in the office of the Secretary 
of State at Columbia; the series of Colonial Newspapers preserved in 
the Charleston Library; the orginal Registers and Vestry-Books of Colo- 
nial Parishes and the Records of the Charleston Probate Office. The 
amount of painstaking labor involved in such work can be fully appre- 
ciated only by those who have themselves attempted it, and the author's 
use of these materials has been in the nature of an exegesis rather than 
a mere collection of historical facts. The result has been a work which 
easily takes its place beside such admirable recent productions as Fiske's 
Old Virginia and her Neighbors and Bruce's Economic History of Vir- 
ginia. The author's practical turn of mind has broken up some cher- 
ished idols, and has led him to some inferences which will challenge 
just dissent. There are some errors of statement resulting from relaxed 
vigilance in following accepted "authorities," and some from an occa- 
sional faulty habit of making positive assertions from negative evidence, 
and to these attention will presently be called. But it is safe and just to 
say that very few, if any, of these will be found to be of material impor- 
tance, and that very few books of like scope and purpose are equally 
free from such blemishes. 

It has been said that this history has a "theme." It would perhaps 
be more accurate to say that this volume is the key-note of a theme — a 
motif, rather, which it is the author's purpose to develop in succeeding 
volumes covering the periods of the Royal and Revolutionary govern- 
ments — a purpose which we devoutly hope he may be able to accom- 
plish. The idea of the original promoters of the Colony, beyond that 
of personal pecuniary gain, was to found a commonwealth subsidiary to 
that of England and in harmony with its government and interests, but 
founded upon a constitutional system that would rectify certain supposed 
defects in the model and fix at the very inception those aristocratic prin- 
ciples which had become unduly developed in the reaction that charac- 
terized the Restoration. The absolute and immediate failure of this 
scheme was due to its inherent defect of an erroneous conception of the 


true underlying principles that give the English Constitution its vitality 
and permanence, and the Utopian ideas of Locke and Shaftesbury em- 
bodied in the "Fundamental Constitutions." The firm, unyielding, and 
eventually successful resistance of the colonists to these efforts of the 
Lords Proprietors was due to a cause which the latter seem never to 
have grasped, which asserted itself from the very beginning, persisted 
with bull dog tenacity and unflinching purpose, accomplished its aim by 
a bloodless revolution after fifty years, and after fifty more of steady de- 
velopement, ripened into successful fruition in the Revolutionary struggle. 
This cause was the determination of a free-born people to enforce its in- 
herent right of self-government. Our author has followed this theme 
with admirable clearness, but without undue insistence, so that one may 
see it always giving tone and firmness to the fabric of the book as readily 
as he sees the spinal column of some transparent animal organism with- 
out losing sight of its accessories. This was the one and all-sufficient 
reason for the prompt rejection by the colonists of the Fundamental Con- 
stitutions. The attempt to establish a colonial nobility had probably 
nothing whatever to do with it, and our author errs in overstating the 
absurdity of the " empty titles " of Landgrave and Cassique and the 
mistake of " forceing a nobility " upon an unwilling people. A title is 
certainly not empty when it carries with it the hereditary ownership of 
forty-eight thousand acres of land, and the most pronounced Puritans 
arid Quakers, such as Axtell, Blake, Moreton and Archdale accepted 
these dignities with a satisfaction that has lingered among their descen- 
dants to the present day. 

English democratic principles have never been antagonistic to a nobil- 
ity which, as Professor Fiske has shown, has always been in touch with 
the people, from the fact that its cadets are only commoners. Sir John 
Yeamans is the first broken idol of our book, his "mild and paternal 
administration" being completely exploded by documentary proof of 
his flagrant absenteeism and diligent cultivation of "the main chance." 
The fact is that the earliest actual settlers were here for the plain and 
undisguised purpose of bettering their fortunes, and not from a purely 
ambitious or adventurous spirit. But they were not therefore of neces- 
sarily plebeian origin, and our author speaks far too strongly when he 
says that "any tradition that connects to any extent the provincial aris- 
tocracies of the Southern States with the Old World patrician origin, is 
pure sentimental fiction." This, however, is not his own language, but 
a quotation, though the marks have been omitted by the printer. It is 
quite true that Sir John Yeamans, Knt. and Baronet, and Sir Nathaniel 
Johnson, Knt., were the only titled men of the earlier period; and it is 
equally true that the Rev. Dr. Le Sau and others, have given an undoubt- 
edly ' ' hard character ' ' to the mass of the early inhabitants. But the pro- 
portion of gentlemen was probably somewhat greater than is usual in older 
communities, and the names of Ashby, Middleton, Gibbes, Izard, God- 


frey, Barnwell, Woodward, Broughton, Moore, and a great many others 
were borne by men who unquestionably belonged to families recorded in 
Burke among the oldest of the English gentry, the representative branches 
of which are in many instances found among the nobility. 

Among the Huguenot settlers, too, who took a far more active part in 
public life than has been generally supposed, we find the Chastaigners, 
de St. Juliens, Ravenels, Du Bourdieus, Gaillards and many more who 
were of the Protestant gentlemen and noblesse of France. They were 
strong men, too, who asserted their position, and whatever may have 
been their personal faults and weaknesses, like those same Fundamental 
Constitutions, they "undoubtedly had a marked effect upon the institu- 
tions of the colony, and impressed upon the people and upon their cus- 
toms and habits, much of the tone and temper of their spirit.* The 
manner in which these impressions were produced and their permanent 
effects upon the social, the judicial, the political and the military systems 
of the State, remaining in force in some cases almost down to the present 
day, have been admirably handled by General McCrady and form one 
of the most valuable and attractive features of the book. 

When we remember that these institutions were partly the best por- 
tions of the rejected Constitutions culled out by the ' ' desperate fortunes ' ' 
and "ill livers of the pretended Churchman," as they are spitefully 
called by the Quaker Governor Archdale, and partly the creation of 
their own practical intelligence, we are disposed to take with caution 
any general inferences derogatory to the men who achieved results which 
outlived two revolutions and persisted for two centuries. There is one 
fact connected with these men that cannot fail to impress the observant 
reader. Their "progress" was certainly "the resultant of opposing 
forces; " they belonged to adverse parties between which the lines were 
bitterly drawn and maintained; they accused each other freely of politi- 
cal and personal crimes, they even proceeded to personal violence, as 
when Colonel Rhett caned Landgrave Bellinger, and the Assembly bru- 
tally arrested Landgrave Smith. And yet none of the charges appear 
to have ever been proved, not a single duel or political execution is re- 
corded, and no social or domestic scandal stains the story of their lives. 
In addition to these highly creditable facts they fixed the impossibility 
of legal divorce which has been the gL>ry of South Carolina law to this 
day, although this resulted rather from negative action than from pur- 
pose. In all these matters the infant colony presents a strikingly favor- 
able contrast to the highest circles of social life at home, and General 
McCrady has pointed out and developed a potent element in the produc- 
tion of this state of things, that is, the influence of the Barbadian con- 
tingent which was by all odds the strongest in the making of the Pro- 
vince. Nearly all of the more prominent of the earliest settlers were 

* It should be said that these influences were due to the principles of English law em- 
bodied in the Constitution. 


" Barbadoes Adventurers," and these men shaped the inchoate Province 
largely upon the social and political lines with which they had been long 

In dealing with these men personally, the historian finds a singular 
difficulty in the remarkable reduplication of names, probably unprece- 
dented elsewhere. There were two Joseph Blakes, both Proprietors, two 
Landgraves Thomas Smith, two Governors James Moore, two Deputy 
Governors William Bull, two James Le Seruriers, two Pierre de St. Juliens, 
two William Rhetts, two Nicholas Trotts. Heretofore this has been a 
fruitful source of confusion both in history and tradition, and no better 
proof is needed of our author's accurate methods than the fact that he 
has erred in only one case, that of the distinguished Attorney-General 
Nicholas Trott, whom he has apparently confounded with his supposed 
uncle or cousin, the ex-governor of the Bahamas. Hewatt states that 
Chief Justice Trott came from Bahama, but does not with Oldmixon, 
say that he was the Governor, while a letter from the Lords Proprietor's 
agent, W. Popple, to W. Burchet, concerning Trott's application for ap- 
pointment as Vice-Admiral, clearly draws the distinction between " Mr. 
Nicholas Trott, of Carolina," and " Mr. Nicholas Trott, late Governor of 
the Bahamas." There is also a document in the Charleston Probate 
Office, bearing strong proof to the same effect. The slip is historically 
of no consequence, and the author has given a very accurate and acute 
estimate of the character of this most remarkable man, thoroughly un- 
principled, but an erudite and versatile scholar, and the intellectual Ti- 
tan of his day. " Unscrupulous as a politician, corrupt and tyrannical 
as a judge, Trott was a profound lawyer, a scholar of great learning, and 
a most laborious and indefatigable worker." It was he who made the 
great compilation and codification of the statutory law adopted in 171 2, 
which is the substantial basis of South Carolina's legal system to-day. 
Eight of his charges, including that of the case of the forty condemned 
pirates, and one on witchcraft, are preserved in the Charleston Library, 
and they are, from almost every point of view, marvellous and unique. 
He condemned a woman to be burned at the stake for the murder of her 
husband, and our author assumes that the sentence was never carried 
out because he finds no record of the execution. But this fearful pun- 
ishment was certainly inflicted for certain crimes, such as arson by a 
slave, as late as 1765 {South Carolina Gazette), and Professor Fiske 
states that it was more frequent in the northern Provinces, at least fifteen 
cases occurring in New York. 

Rev. Robert Wilson, D. D. 

(to be concluded. ) 



Virginia Historical Society. 

New Series. 

"Collections of the Virginia Historical Society. New Series. Edited 
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The Official Letters of Alexander Spotswood, Lieutenant-Governor of 
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introduction and notes. Vols. I and II. 

Two Volumes. Portrait ana Arms, pp xxi-179 and vii-368. 8.00 

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Two volumes, pp. lxix-528 and xviii-768. Portraits, fac-simile of letters of presentation 
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Documents, Chiefly Unpublished, Relating to the Huguenot Emigration 
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Pages xxi-247. Contains fac-simile of plan of "King William's Town." 2.50 

Miscellaneous Papers, 1672-1865. Now first printed from the manuscript 
in the Collections of the Virginia Historical Society. Comprising 
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Pages viii-374. 2.50 

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Two volumes. Pages xxvii-372 and;4ii. 5.00 

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Pages xix-386. Contains papers on the Virginia Committee of Correspondence and the 
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Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Edited by Philip A. 
Bruce, Corresponding Secretary and Librarian of the Society, (Seal). 
Published Quarterly by the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Va. 
House of the Society, No. 707 East Franklin St. 

Volume I — Octavo, pp. 484-viii-xxvi-xxxii. 

Contains cut of the Society's Building, accounts of the proceedings and transactions of 
the Society for the year 1893, and many exceedingly valuable, original historical documents 
and papers which have never before appeared in print. Among others may be mentioned, 
Discourse of the London Company on its administration of Virginia affairs, 1607-1624; 
Abstracts of Colonial Patents in the Register of the Virginia Land Office, beginning in 1624, 
with full genealogical notes and an extended Genealogy of the Claiborne Family ; The 
Mutiny in Virginia in 1635 ; Samuel Matthew's Letter and Sir John Harvey's Declaration ; 
Speech of Governor Berkeley and Declaration of the Assembly with reference to the change 
of Government in England and the passage of the First Navigation Act of 1651 ; Petition 
of the Planters of Virginia and Maryland in opposition to the Navigation Act of 1661 ; 
Bacon's Rebellion, 1676; His three proclamations, Letters of Sherwood and Ludwell, Pro- 
posals of Smith and Ludwell, and Thomas Bacon's Petition ; Letters of William Fitzhugh 
(1650-1701), a Leading Lawyer and Planter of Virginia, with a genealogical account of the 
Fitzhughs in England ; Lists of Public Officers in the various Counties in Virginia late in 
the 17th and early in the 18th centuries ; Roster of Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 
under Colonel Washington ; Officers, Seamen and Marines in the Virginia Navy of the 
Revolution ; Roll of the 4th Virginia Regiment in the Revolution ; Diary of Captain John 
Davis of the Pennsylvania Line in the Yorktown Campaign ; General George Rogers 
Clark, — Roll of the Illinois and Crockett's Regiments and the Expedition to Vincennes ; 
Department of " Historical Notes and Queries." containing contributions by Hon. Wm. 
Wirt Henry, and many other items of value; Department of " Book Reviews;" A full 
Index. 5.00 

Volume II — Octavo, pp. 482-ii-xxiv. 

Contains a full account of the proceedings and transactions of the Society for the 
year 1894, and the following list of articles copied from the original documents : Report 
of Governor and Council on the Condition of Affairs in Virginia in 1626 ; Abstracts of Col- 
onial Patents in the Register of the Virginia Land Office, with full genealogical notes and 
extended genealogies of the Fleet, Robins and Thoroughgood Families; Reports of Griev- 
ances by the Counties of Virginia after the suppression of Bacon's Insurrection ; A full his- 
tox'y of the First Legislative Assembly ever held in America (that in 1619 at Jamestown), 
written by Hon. Wm. Wirt Henry; The concluding list of Virginia Soldiers engaged in 
the French and Indian Wars; The opening lists of the Virginia Officers and Men in the 
Continental Line, compiled from official sources ; A valuable account of the Indian Wars 
in Augusta County, by Mr. Joseph A. Waddell, with the lists of the killed and wounded; 
Instructions to Governor Yeardley in 1618 and 1626, and to Governor Berkeley in 1641 ; Let- 
ters of William Fitzhugh continued, with full genealogical notes; The Will of William 
Fitzhugh; A complete List of Public Officers in Virginia in 1702 and 1714; Valuable ac- 

count of Horse Racing in Virginia, by Mr. Wm. G Stanard ; The first instalment of an 
article on Robert Beverley and his Descendants; Wills of Richard Kemp and Rev John 
Lawrence, both bearing the date of the 17th century ; Short Biographies of all the members 
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A series of Colonial letters written by William Byrd, Jr., Thomas Ludwell, Robert Carter, 
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Volume IV — Octavo, pp 492-i-xxiii. 

Contains the following general list of Contents : A Marriage Agreement between John 
Custis and his wife ; A Perswasive to Towns and Cohabitation by Rev. Francis Mackemie 
1705; Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents for 1635-6; Army Supplies in the Revolution, 
Series of original letters by Judge Innes ; Attacks by the Dutch on Virginia Fleet, 1667; 
Boundary Line Proceedings, for Virginia and North Carolina 1710 ; Charges against Spots- 
wood by House of Burgess 1719 ; Council Proceedings, 1716-1717; Decisions of Virginia 
General Court, 1626-28 Continued ; Defence of Colonel Edward Hill Continued Depositions 
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Volume V — Octavo, pp. 472-i-xxiii. 

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Complimentary Notices of the Magazine. 

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography has established itself in the front rank of 
similar periodicals of this country. NEW YORK NATION. 

The tendency of this age is to find original documents, and not to rely on opinions of his- 
torians. The Virginia Historical Society has appreciated this, the true basis of historical knowl- 
edge, and is committing to the press, and thus forever preserving, the valuable MSS. material in its 
possession. This maxes the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography invaluable to students 
of the history of our country. WM. WIRT HENRY, 

Author of the " Life and Correspondence of Patrick Henry." 

I regard the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography as a most valuable publication The 
first seven numbers contained documents which compelled me to alter my lecture notes in several 
important particulars — especially as to education in Virginia and as to Bacon's Rebellion. A schol- 
arly and useful publication. Prof. EDWARD CHANNING, 

Harvard University. 

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography now ranks in importance and interest with 
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Editor of " Washington's Writings." 

The purpose which the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography sets forth in the interest 
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arly taste and discrimination JAMES SCHOULER, 

Author of " History of United States." 

I have found the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography a valuable and interesting journal 
The publication of original papers is very necessary for the history of the State, and there is no more 
important work to which the Magazine could be devoted. Prof. JAMES M. GARNETT, 

University of Virginia. 

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography is of very great interest and aid to me in re- 
calling the incidents, personages, and manners of the Old Dominion in the Colonial period. As a 
repertory of original information it is invaluable to the student in his researches for the influences and 
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VOL. VI-No. 2. OCTOBER, 18G8. 

Entered at the Postoffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter. 








1. Isle of Wight County Wills 113 

2. Second Virginia Battalion, 1777 124 

3. Virginia in 1771 ] 12 7 

4. A Scotch Trader 135 

5. Letter from London, 1659 137 

6. Vindication of Sir William Berkeley 139 

7. Carter Papers , 14 r 

8. Letters of General Henry Lee 153 

9. Letters of William Fitzhugh 1 5S 

10. Election of Col. George Washington, 1758 162 

11. Trustees of Ham pden-Sidney College 174 

12. Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents 1S5 

13. Genealogy 195 

14. Book Reviews 209 

Mr. Philip Alexander Bruce having resigned the posi- 
tion of Corresponding Secretary and Editor of the Magazine, 
in order to devote his whole time to private historical work, all 
communications intended for him personally should, after October 
ist, be addressed to Clarkton, Halifax County, Va. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. VI. OCTOBER, 1898. No. 2 


Contributed rv R. S. Thomas.) 


In the name of God, Amen. I, Arthur Smith, of Warris- 
quiake in Virginia, gent, being, at this tyme sick and weake in 
body, but in good and perfect mind and memory praised be Al- 
mighty God, doe make and declair this my last will and testa- 
ment in manner and form following, that is to say, first and before 
all earthly things I commend my soul into ye hands of Almighty 
God my maker and to Jesus Christ, his son, my onely Saviour 
and Redeemer hoping and steadfastly beleiving through his 
merits to attain everlasting Salvation, and that I shall be num- 
bred amongst his chosen and elect. As for my body I commit 
it to ye earth from whence it came, to be decently buryed in ye 
garden by my late beloved wife at the discretion of my execu- 
tors & overseers hereinafter named. And for my worldly estate 
which it hath pleased God to bestow upon me (my Debts which 
I owe being first paid and funeral expenses discharged) I give 
and bequeath ye same in manner and form following: Imprimis. 
I give and bequeath unto my two sons, Arthur Smith and Rich- 
ard Smith and to their heirs forever, a certain p'^cell of land 


called by ye name of the freshett, beginning at a dry valley run- 
ning out of ye White Marsh to thro' ye path as you goe to Jos- 
eph Cobbs and so running along ye path to ye outmost bounds 
of my land next to Joseph Cobbs to be equally divided between 
my s d two sons, share and share alike. And if it shall happen 
that either of my sons, shall happen to dep't this Life before he 
shall enjoy his p't and portion of Land before by me bequeathed 
them then ye surviv r shall enjoy all of ye s d p'cell of land to him 
and his heirs for ever. Item. I give and bequeath unto my 
Godson, Arthur Long and to his heirs for Ever, one hundred 
acres of land lying at ye Syprus being p't of ye land which I 
bought there called by ye name of John Ross Nocks to be meas- 
ured from the outside thereof next unto ye land of mr. Jas. 
Hawley: also I give unto my s' 1 godson a gun and a sow to be 
delivered to him the next crop after my decease if he shall be 
then living. I give and bequeath unto my son George Smith 
and to his heirs for ever all ye residue and remaynder of my 
afores d par' ell of land lying at ye Syprus called by ye name of 
John Ross Nocks after ye s'd one hundred Acres of Land be- 
fore by me bequeathed being first taken out. I give and be- 
queath unto my daughter Jane Smith and to her heirs for ever, 
one hundred acres of land to begin at my m'ked trees adjoining 
upon the land of Christopher Reynolds measuring from ye 
breadth thereof towards my new dwelling house, the s'd land in 
length from ye Creek side not to extend into ye land before by 
me bequeathed to my two sons Arthur and Richard Smith but 
ye quantity to be made up in ye breadth. Item. I give and 
bequeath unto my son Thomas Smith and to his heirs for ever 
all ye residue and remaynder of my land whatsoever excepting 
what is already before by me bequeathed which is already taken 
up by patent, together with all houses, edifices, buildings and 
boards upon ye same, provided always that ye several stock of 
cattle there shall hereafter belong to my above named children 
be mayntained & kept upon all my s d land until they shall attain 
to their several Ages to reserve ye same as is hereinafter ex- 
pressed without lett, molestation of hinderance of ye s' 1 Thomas 
his heirs and assigns. Also I give and bequeath unto my said 
son Thomas, my seale ring of gold and two cows and two heif- 
ers and a bull and two breeding sows being all m'ked of my sons 


m'kd, a feather bed with ye furniture belonging to it, a gun, and 
all my Books, to be delivered unto him immediately after my de- 
cease. Item. I give and bequeath unto my God-son Arthur 
Virgin, the son of Robert Virgin, one yearling heifer to be de- 
livered the next crop after my decease if he shall be then living. 
The rest and residue of all and singular of my goods, chattels, 
cattle, plate & estate whatsoever, I give and bequeath the same 
and every p'te thereof to, and amongst my s d Children, Thomas 
Smith, Arthur Smith, Richard Smith, Jane Smith and George 
Smith to every of them p & p't like as they shall severally attain 
to ye age of one and twenty years except only ye p't and por- 
tion due and belonging to ye s' 1 Jane, my daughter, which my 
will and mind is shall be paid and delivered unto her so soon as 
she shall to ye full age of eighteen years or be marryed. And 
further my will and mind is y' if any of my children shall happen 
to depart this life before they shall attain to their several ages, 
or afterwards without issue male of their body lawfully begotten 
that then ye p' and portion of land to them or any of them be- 
queathed as aforesaid shall be, go to, and remain to ye heir male 
of ye survivor or survivors of them, and every of them. And 
after my will and mind is y 1 ye several portions of my children 
especially household stuff and ye like which is not lasting may be 
alienated and disposed of by my ex'ors and overseers hereinafter 
named for ye good and benefit of my s d children, unto every 
other thing as they shall think fit: as also the bringing up of my 
s d children in the fear of God and to learn to read and write. I 
refer it to ye discretion and tender care of ye said executors and 
overseers. And I do hereby make and ordain my s d son Thomas 
Smith Sole ex' or of this my last will and testament and my will 
and minde is that ye benefit! of my estate after appraisem' made 
shall be and rendered to ye use of all my s d children p't and p't 
like, excepting only the legacies before bequeathed to ye s 1 
Thomas my son, and for ye overseers of this my last will and 
testament I doe hereby nominate and appoint my Lo. friends 
Peter Hull, Mr. Peter Knight & Mr. George Hardy requesting 
them to be aiding and assisting unto my s d ex' or in ye p'formance 
of this my last will and testam', as my trust is in them. And I 
do hereby give and bequeath unto every one of them twenty 
shillings apece to make them Rings in Remembrance of me. 


And I do hereby utterly forsake and renounce all form r wills by 
me either made or spoken. In witness whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand and seale ye first day of October Anno Dom 1645. 

Arthur Smith seale. 

Sealed, sign'd, Deliver' d in ye p r sence of us, 

Benjamine Burkley, 
James Rorhz, 
Robert West. 

February ye 9th, 1693. 

Received by order of the Isle of Wight Court e as and for di- 
vers reasons lay'd down in ye book of orders of this date will 
more fully appear. 

Hugh Davis, C Cur. 

Note by R. S. T. — The above will I found in Will Book No. 
2, page 330-1-2. He was the founder of a distinguished family. 
He came to this country in or prior to 1637. Cm September 10, 
1637, he received from Sir John Harvey a patent for 1,450 acres 
of land for the transportation of twenty-nine persons into the 
Colony, and he located this land at Smithfield. The patent was 
renewed by Sir William Berkeley on March 21, 1643 and fifty 
acres added to it. For a history of the family see Va. Hist. 
Collections, Vol. XI (1891), page 129, et seq; Virginia Maga- 
zine of History and Biography, Vol. II, page 391, and Vol. Ill, 
page 194. 

In Will Book No. 2, it is shown that Col. John George and 
Major James Powell (1677), Mr. Nicholas Smyth and Colonel 
Arthur Smith (1679); Nicholas Smyth and Thomas Pitt (1680); 
Lieutenant-Colonel James Powell and Colonel Arthur Smith 
(1681); Lieutenant-Colonel James Powell and Major Thomas 
Tabener (1681); Lieutenant-Colonel James Powelland Colonel 
Arthur Smith (1682); Thomas Pitt and Colonel Arthur Smith 
(1683); Major Thomas Tabener and Colonel Arthur Smith (1683); 
Thomas Pitt and Colonel Arthur Smith (1683); Arthur Smith 
and Henry Applewhaite (1684); Captain Henry Applewhaite 
and Joseph Worry (1684); Major Thomas Tabener and Joseph 
Worry (1685); Arthur Smith and Henry Applewhaite (1686); 


Thomas Pitt and Arthur Smith (1686) were justices of the peace, 
and granted administration upon estates at the dates mentioned. 

The Nicholas Smith above mentioned, the associate justice 
with Arthur Smith in all of the orders entered (some twenty), 
always wrote his name Smyth, while Arthur always wrote his, 

Humphrey Marshall on the 5th of June, 1696, returned an 
inventory of the estate of Nicholas Smith, and the appraisement 
of the property in the parlor, in the hall, the parlor chamber, 
the hall chamber, the porch chamber, over the hall chamber, 
over the parlor chamber, over the porch chamber, &c. , was very 
varied and handsome. 

The will of William Smith, of January 5, 1704, speaks of his 
sons Nathaniel and Nicholas. The will of Mary Smith, October 
20, 1715, speaks of Nicholas and Joseph, Ann and Martha. 


In the name of God, Amen, November 24th, 1656. I, Joshua 
Taberner, being of whole mind and good and perfect memory, 
Laud and praise Almighty God, make and ordain this my last 
will and Testament concerning herein my last will in manner and 
form following, that is to say: 

First. I commend my soul unto Almighty God, Maker and 
Redeemer, and my Body to be Buried at the Discretion of my 
Brother, and after my debts paid and my funeral expenses per- 
formed the Remainder I bequeath as followeth: I give and 
queath to my brother Thomas Taberner all such Houses and 
Lands, money, or chattels, movables or Immovables as shall any 
way append unto me either as a portion given or left me by the 
last will and Testament of my Father William Taberner of the 
county of Derby, or otherwise appertaining or belonging unto 
me with all profit thereof during his natural life, he my aboves d 
Brother Thomas, bestowing as a legacy to my Brother William 
Taberner of the county of Derby and the rest of my father's 
kindred Ten Pounds Sterling or the value thereof out of my s' J 
estate in England. And my will is that after my Brother Thomas 
his decease, his only daughter and Heir Ruth Tabener, be pos- 
sessed with all my aforesaid estate in England as my only Heir 


and Executrix, to her and hers for ever. Also I give my cousin 
Ruth my female cattle in Virginia being four in num- 
ber of my own mark to her and her heirs for ever, and the re- 
mainder of my whole Estate in Virginia I give to my brother 
Thomas Tabener and further, in caseofdenyal I give my brother 
Thomas Tabener full power to sue and by law to recover my s' 1 
estate in England and to see it disposed of according to the Ten- 
ner of this my will. And that this my will may be valid and 
effectual in law according to the Intent and purpose, I conform 
it with my hand and seal the day and year first above written. 

Joshua Taberner seal. 

Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us. 

William Lewer, 
Francis Higgins. 

Note by R. S. T. — The wife of Thomas Tabener is a legatee 
under the will Major-General and Gov. Richard Bennett, dated 
March 15, 1674, probated in Nansemond August 3, 1676. The 
wills hold that he lived, and probably died in Nansemond. New 
Eng. Hist. & Gen. Register, January, 1894, page 115. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel James Powell and Major Thomas Tabener were 
justices of the peace of Isle of Wight in 1681 and Major Thomas 
Tabener and Colonel Arthur Smith were Justices in 1683. 

There is a will of a Thomas Tabener in Will Book No. 2, p. 
350, July 24th 1692, in which he speaks of his grandson Joseph 
Copeland, son of Elizabeth Copeland, his grandson William 
Webb, son of his daughter Mary, and of his daughters Ruth 
Newman, Christian Jordan and Elizabeth Wombwell. There is 
a codicil to the will, February 3, 1693, anc ^ ^ was probated Feb- 
ruary 9, 1694. 


In the name of God, Amen. I, John Valentine, of the county 
of Isle of Wight, planter, being sick and weak in Body yet per- 
fect in sense and memory do make this my last will and Testa- 
ment in form as followeth, May the eighth, 1652: 

Imprimis. I bequeath my soul unto the hands of Almighty 


God who gave it me, most confidently trusting that he will of 
his infinite mercy through Jesus Christ my Saviour, accept it, 
and my Body to be Decently Buried in a place convenient as my 
execut" shall think fit and convenient. I do constitute and ap- 
point my trusty and welbeloved friends John Marshall and Wil- 
liam Lewis, of the county aforesaid, executors or overseers of 
this my last Will and Testament to see it really & truly performed 
according to the True Intent and Meaning thereof without fraud 
or Deceit. For the land which I am possest withal it is my will 
that it shall be prop 1 to my eldest son James Valentine if he 
lives till he shall come to the age of twenty and one years, but 
if he shall die before, then my eldest Daughter Ann Valentine 
shall enjoy it. But if she die before she is married that then my 
second Daughter Elizabeth shall enjoy it. And if it shall hap- 
pen that they shall all die before they come to perfect age or be 
married according to the p r mises, that then my youngest daugh- 
ter Margaret shall enjoy it; and until such time as these my dear 
children shall come to their full ages, it is my will that my Dearly 
beloved wife Elizabeth Valentine shall enjoy and possess to her 
own prop r use the said land during the time she shall remain a 
widdow without mollestation of any provided she keep the Or- 
chard in repair making no more than the necessary use of the 
Timber so that the Land be no ways unnecessarily destroyed to 
the Damage of my Children. But if she shall chance to marry, 
that then it shall rest to the discression of my overseers to dis- 
pose of it to the benefit of my children. After the discharge of 
my funeral rights, and my Debts paid I give and bequeath to 
my Loveing wife the Third part of my estate which shall be left 
both of Cattle, Chattels, and all other goods, moveably & unmove- 
able, and the other Two thirds to be equally divided amongst 
my children by the rule of proportion, that is to say, share and 
share alike, the s d estate notwithstanding to rest in the hands of 
my loveing wife during the time she shall remain a widdow accord- 
ing to the Termor afores d according to the disposition of my 
Land to her, my eldest daughter, Ann Valentine, any thing 
before mentioned notwithstanding to have no share, nor claim 
in the promised Legacies of the cattle in regard she hath a con- 
siderable stock already confirmed her, therefore I only give and 
bequeath to her at her marriage, one cow. And in witness of 


all the afores a premises I have hereunto set my hand the day and 

year aforesaid. 

The mark of 

John X Valentine. 
Signed, sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of, 
Will Weshay, 
Nicholas Nethercoat. 

Note by R. S. T. — The last Valentine I knew was Mr. E. 
H. Valentine, who left here and went, I think, to Richmond 
about 1854 or 1855. He speaks of his friend John Marshall. 

Will Book No. 2 is an exceedingly important book of 663 
pages of Wills, and eighty-three pages of Deeds. In this book 
there is a will of a John Marshall, of October 4, 1687. In it he 

speaks of his son Humphrey, his daughter Mary, his wife 

and his brother Humphrey Marshall. John Marshall on June 6, 
1667, sold a tract of land to William West, and in the will of 
William West, of February 7, 1708-9, this John Marshall is 
spoken of as John Marshall the elder. 

These will show that there was more intercourse between Isle 
of Wight and the Northern Neck than had been supposed, and 
the above names may be of some value to that branch, and to the 
Marshalls of Kentucky. (See I Henn., pp. 274 and 427). 


Nigh upon the departure of Mr. Robert Watson out of this 
life, this as his last Will and Testament was the disposing of his 
estate upon the 6th of November, 1651. 

I give to John Watson, my Brother, Three Thousand pounds 
of Tobacco. 

I give to my brother James Watson s child, Two Hundren 
acres of Land after the Decease of my wife, Lying upon Pagan 
Creek Joyning upon Sam Mathews. 

I leave my wife sole executrix. 

This was proved to be the last will of Mr. Robert Watson in 
open Court at the Isle of Wight County, ye 9th X br , 1651, by 
the Oaths of Mr. Robert Dunster Minister & of Mr. Richard 
Lockyer, merchant, moreover Mrs. Ann Watson Relict of the 


said Robert, acknowledged that he gave the wife of Toby Harst 
a cow calf and desired her to remember the youngest daughter 
of Thomas Fluellen. 

Note by R. S. T. — The wills that I have sent you are frag- 
mentary in the extreme, and give but the merest glimpse of so- 
ciety at that early day. To show how very much is omitted, I 
will merely suggest that in these stray leaves we do not find the 
wills of such well known public characters as Christopher Laun, 
Nathaniel Bass, Ralph Hamor, Richard Bennett, Robert Savin, 
Thomas Jordan, Thomas Flint and John Brewer, John Adkins. 
Thomas Burgess, William Hutchinson, Robert Felgate, Peter 
Hull, George Hardy, Arthur Smith, John Seward, John George, 
Robert Pitt, James Pyland, John Hammond and others, whose 
names as members of the Council, Justices of the Peace, and 
Burgesses, will be found in I He lining, pp. 129 to 374. 

Robert Watson mentions in his will, his wife Ann and his 
brothers, John and James. There is no will of Ann, of John or 
of James to be found. But John probably died in 1673, for on 
October 14th of that year, an inventory and appraisment of his 
estate is returned to the court by Arthur Smith and Richard 
Sharp his administrators, and it is a splendid one in variety and 
value, as may be seen by its various headings: milch cows (40), 

hogs (24), horses (31), bedding and furniture, linen for the 

house, linen in the house, woolen, shoes, clothing, &c. , plate 
and rings, guns, pistols, shot, &c. Books, brass, pewter, earth- 
enware, ironware, woodenware, trunks, salt, nails, bills, &c. 

A James Watson died in November, 1773, and his wife Eliza- 
beth died on September 20, 1781. 

Their children were William Watson, born March 2, 1757, 
died January, 1783. 

John Watson, born July 22, 1759, died 1783. 

Elizabeth, born March 15, 1761, died August 30, 1788. 

James, born May 10, 1763. 

Martha, born June 19, 1765, died June 7, 1818. 

Martha Watson married Robert Marshall, October 24, 1784, 
who was the son of John Marshall, whose will bears date June 
24, 1783. In his will John Marshall speaks of his wife Ann, his 
daughter Ann, his son Robert, and his grandsons Pleasant Jor- 


dan, Thomas Jordan, Robert Jordan, John Boykin and Francis 
M(arshall) Boykin. John Marshall's estate was very large, in- 
cluding- some fifty negroes. 

Francis Marshall Boykin was the son of Lieutenant Francis 
Boykin of the ist Regiment of Virginia regulars, 1775, who 
married Ann Marshall. Robert Marshall gave to Francis Boy- 
kin and to his wife the present court house property. 

Martha Watson Marshall, after the death of Robert Marshall, 
married William Jordan, whose will bears date May 28. 1809, 
and their only child was Watson Pendleton Jordan, born July 2, 
1798, and died August 3, i860. On the 5th of November, 1818, 
he was married to Ann M(arshall Boykin), the only daughter of 
Francis M(arshall) Boykin, and she died in February 18, 1864. 
They had seventeen children. 

The will of Robert Watson speaks of " Mr. Robert Dunster, 
Minister." This is in 1651. 

The deed of Lieutenant-Colonel John Upton to William Un- 
derwood, of November 18, 1651, speaks of Robert Bracewell, 
Clarke, and James Taylor, Clarke. 

In 1642, Isle of Wight was divided into two parishes, the 
upper and the lower, "provided that the profits of the whole 
countie shall remain unto Mr. Falkner Clarke during his resi- 
dence there." I Henn., p. 279. The Rev. John Hammond 
was in Virginia for twenty years prior to 1656, and was a por- 
tion of the time in this county. See Peter Force, Vol. Ill, p. 
21 of Leah and Rachel and I He?in., p. 374. 


In the name of God, Amen. I, Justinian Cooper, being sick 
and weak in Body but of perfect memory, Do make this my last 
Will and Testament, as followeth, this 26th of March, 1650. 
Imprimis. I Bequeath my Soul to God my Creator and merci- 
ful Redeemer, and my Body to the Earth. I give and Bequeath 
my estate as followeth, my Debts being paid: I give unto all of 
my Godchildren, to every one of them a cow calf apiece, or so 
much Tob" as shall buy them a cow calf to be paid the next in- 
suing year. I give unto my Brother Richard Cossey Two Hun- 
dred Acres of land to him and his Heirs forever, situate, lying 


and being the Land he and John Snellocke lives on by the River 
Side, and to be injoyed by him and his Heirs after my wives 
Decease. I give unto Edward Pyland, son of James Pyland, 
five Hundred pounds Tob" to be paid next year which will be 
1651. I make my loving wife Ann Cooper my true and lawful 
Executrix of all my Goods, Lands, Cattle, servants, or whatso- 
ever I am possessed with, and I do likewise request my loving 
friend Capt. William Barnard to be my overseer to see this my 
will performed and to take one or more to himself to be an' aid 
and assistant to my wife whom he shall think fit. I give unto 
Capt. Will™ Barnard a piece of plate of ten Pounds, Price to be 
paid to him the next year, 1651. And in witness that this is my 
last Will and Testament, I have hereunto set my hand and seal 

the day and year first above written. 


Justinian X Cooper seal. 

Teste James Pyland, 

John X Britt. 

Note by R. S. T. — Justinian Cooper and Ann his wile ( " late 
the relic of James Harris"), on the 29th of September, 1629, 
sold to Wassell Nebleu and George Fawdome, 100 acres of the 
land that was granted by patent from Sir George Yeardley, 
December 14, 1619, and on the 2d of April, 1644, he sold to 
Alice Bennett, widow, 150 acres of land for "a cow and a calf." 

This is the first mention of the Cowper family in the county. 
Captain Frederick Pierce Parker Cowper, of this county, and 
Leopold Pierce Parker Cowper, of Portsmouth, his brother, have 
both died since the war. Captain Cowper was one of the finest 
men I ever knew. One of a thousand incidents in his life will 
show his character. When a man, prior to the war, he would stop 
his sloop with a fair wind and fair tide, loaded with freight and 
passengers, drop his anchor at Fort Norfolk, take his yawl boat, 
go back to Town Point, and then walk to Church street to get 
a hoop for a little girl to keep his promise to her, despite the 
protest of his passengers; he was one of nature's noblemen. 
Such he lived and such he died. A portion of his family is still 
here. Another part of it is in Norfolk, and in New York. 



[Pay roll of Captain Francis Taylor's Company of the 2d Vir- 
ginia Battalion, from the 28 January to 28 February 1777.] 

Francis Taylor, Capt., 40 Dollars. 
William Taylor, 1 Lieut. 27 Dollars. 
Francis Cowherd, 2 Lieut., 27 Dollars. 
James Burton, Ensign, 20 Dollars. 
Samuel Clayton, Serg 1 , 8 Dollars. 
James Broadus, d° 8 Dollars. 
James Welsh, d° 8 Dollars. 
Robert Dawson, d° 8 Dollars. 
Jeremiah Cox, Drummer, 7^3 Dollars. 
James Ouin, Corporal, y}i Dollars. 
Evan Bramham, d° 6*3 Dollars. 
Thomas Shelton, d° 773 Dollars.' 
John Bourn, d° 7^ Dollars. 
Archilles Foster, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Henry Russell, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
George Brooks, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Ransdell Abbott, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
William Medley, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
William Ward, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Thomas McClanahan, Private, 6 2 j. Dollars. 
Robert White, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Andrew Harrison, Private, 673 Dollars. 
Stephen Ham, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Elijah Deer, Private, 673 Dollars. 
Leonard Sale, Private, 6 2 /i Dollars. 
John Almand, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Gerard Morton, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Elisha Hawkins, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Robert Chandler, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
James Brown, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
John Chowning, Private, 673 Dollars. 
John Gillock, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Samuel Warren, Private, 6-3 Dollars. 


William Morris, Private, 6 2 s Dollars. 

Joseph Thomas, Private, 67/3 Dollars. 

James Long, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Henry Barnett, Private 6fi Dollars. 

Turner Thomason, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Joseph Henry, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Shadrach Hill, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

Benjamin Dawson, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

Thomas Morris, Private, 673 Dollars. 

John Finnel, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Thornberry Bowling, Private, 67^3 Dollars. 

James Deering, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Thomas Breedlove, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Jacob Burnus, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Elisha Estes, Private, 6^3 Dollars. 

William Martin, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

John Snow, Private, 6-3 Dollars. 

Thomas Fleeman, Private, '6^3 Dollars. 

Lewis Pines, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Joel Foster, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

James Jackson, Private, 6?- 3 Dollars. 

Thomas Ballard, Private, 67-3 Dollars. 

James Beazley, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

William Turner, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Edward Broadus, Private, 673 Dollars. 

Perry Patterson, Private, 673 Dollars. 

William Davis, Private, 673 Dollars. 

James Gibbons, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

Humphrey Shay, 28. Dec. 1777, 13^3 Dollars. Of the 1st 
Virg. Battalion Ordered to join my Comp, by Gen 1 L ( ?) 

John Johnson, 28. Jan. 1776, 6 2 3 Dollars. Of Col. Ralls 
Maryland Battalion Ord. to join my Comp y at Baltimore, Md. 
The Above is a just Pay Roll. 

(signed) Francis Taylor. 

[A Pay Roll of Capt. Francis Taylor's Company of the 2d 
Virginia Battalion from 28 February to 28 March 1777.] 

Francis Taylor, Capt., 40 Dollars. 


William Taylor, i Lieut., 27 Dollars. 
Francis Cowherd, 2 Lieut. , 27 Dollars. 
James Burton, Ensign, 20 Dollars. 
Samuel Clayton, Serg"', 8 Dollars. 
James Broadus, d° 8 Dollars. 
Robert Dawson, d° 8 Dollars. 
James Welsh, d" 8 Dollars. 
Jeremiah Cox, Drummer, 7*3 Dollars. 
James Quin, Corp 1 , 7 J - 3 Dollars. 
Evan Bramham d° 7V3 Dollars. 
Thomas Shelton. d° 7-3 Dollars. 
John Bourn, d" 7^3 Dollars. 
Archilles Foster, Private, 6- 3 Dollars. 
Henry Russell, Private, 6-3 Dollars. 
George Brooks, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Ransdell Abbott, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
.William Medley, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
William Ward, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Thomas McClanahan, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Robert White, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Andrew Harrison, Private, 67/3 Dollars. 
Stephen Ham, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Elijah Deer, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Leonard Sale, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
John Almand, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Gerard Morton, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Elisha Hawkins, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Robert Chandler, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

James Brown, Private, 673 Dollars. Discharged by Col. Spot- 
woods verbal order 28. (?) 

John Chowning, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
John Gillock, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Samuel Warren, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
William Morris, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Joseph Martin, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
James Long, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Henry Barnett, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Turner Thomason, Private, 673 Dollars. 
Joseph Hervey, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 

VIRGINIA IN 177 1. 127 

Shadrach Hill, Private, 6-3 Dollars. 
Benjamin Dawson, Private, 6 2 j; Dollars. 
Thomas Morris, Private, 6fi Dollars. 
John Finnell, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Thornberry Bowling, Private, 6-'j; Dollars. 
James Deering, Private, 6 2 ^ Dollars. 
Thomas Breedlove, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Jacob Burrus, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Elisha Estes, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
William Martin, Private, 6 2 j; Dollars. 
John Snow, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Thomas Fleeman, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
Lewis Pines, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 
James Jackson, Private, 6 2 j; Dollars. 
Thomas Ballard, Private, 6 2 3 Dollars. 


This letter was addressed by Colonel Richard Bland, uncle of 
Theoderick Bland, of the Revolution, to Thomas Adams, at that 
time in England. It gives an interesting account of state of 
affairs in Virginia in 177 1 . The original is among the Adams 
Papers, Virginia Historical Society Collections. 

Virginia, August 1st, 1771. 
Dear Sir: 

When I saw you last, I think I had your promise not to be 
unmindful of an old acquaintance, who will receive particular 
Pleasure to hear, from you, of your health, and to have an ac- 
count of what is transacting, on the other side of the atlantic, 
particularly relative to America. 

To remind you of this Promise is one occasion of this Letter; 
the other is, to give you a narrative of the most interesting 
Events that have happened since you left us. And if, in doing 
this, you F"ind me, like most old Fellows, fond of Garrulity, I 
beseech you not to impute it as an Incident of old age, but to a 


desire to oblige you; since, I know, it will be agreeable to you 
to hear of what is transacting in your native Country. 

Upon the 27th of May a most dreadful Inundation happened 
in James, Rappahanock, & Roanoke Rivers, occasioned by very 
heavy and incessant Rains, upon the mountains, for ten or twelve 
days; during which time, we, in the lower part of the Country, 
had a serene Sky without the appearance of a cloud. The 
Rivers rose to the amazing Hight of forty Feet perpendicular 
above the common Level of the Water. Impetuous Torrents 
rushed from the mountains with such astonishing Rapidity that 
nothing could withstand their mighty Force. Promiscuous 
Heaps of Houses, Trees, men, Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Hogs, 
Merchandize, Corn, Tobacco & every other Thing that was un- 
fortunately, within the dreadful Sweep, were seen Floating upon 
the Waters, without a possibility of their being saved. The 
Finest Low-Grounds were ruined; and many of the best Lands 
totally destroyed. Those which escaped the best, being, like 
the Deserts of Arabia, covered with large Bodies of White Sand, 
in many places six Feet deep. Three thousand hogsheads of 
Tobacco were lost From the Public Warehouses and about the 
same nuraoer from the different Plantations upon the Rivers. 
The total Damage, to the Country, is computed at two millions 
Sterling, & I do not think it is much exaggerated. 

This severe Stroke occasioned a meeting of the assembly, to 
provide for those Sufferers whose Tobaccoes were lost from the 
Public Warehouses, which, by our Law, must be made Good. 

The assembly, at the very earnest Solicitation of the merchants, 
(who were the most considerable Sufferers in the Tobacco lost 
from the Warehouses) have emitted ^30,000 in Treasury notes, 
redeemable, by adequate Taxes, in four years; which has given 
the merchants great Satisfaction; and their Eulogies, upon the 
House of Burgesses, are sung in all Companies. 

I cannot but remark, upon this occasion, the different Conduct 
of the Merchants at this Time, & during the last War. When 
we were invaded by a Foreign Enemy, and were called upon, 
from time to time, by the Royal Requisitions for Supplies to 
defend the Country; & to cooperate with the King's Regular 
Troops in their several Expeditions; when the colony was ex- 
hausted of all its Specie; and could not borrow the Sum of 

VIRGINIA IN 1771. 129 

^10,000, upon the best Securities, altho' they offered an Interest 
of 6 per Cent, and, would have given 8 per Cent, rather than 
have been concerned with Paper money; When, under these Cir- 
cumstances, we were Forced against our Inclinations to emit 
Treasury notes, or refuse to comply with the Royal Demands; 
the merchants raised such a Clamour, and represented the House 
of Burgesses, by their memorials to the Board of Trade & Plan- 
tations, in such dark and disadvantagious colours, that they drew 
very severe, and, as time has demonstrated, very unjust Censures 
from that Board, upon the Conduct of the Assembly: and they 
did not desist till they procured an act of Parliament restraining 
the Governor from giving his assent to any act of our Legisla- 
ture, for making Paper Bills of Credit a legal Tender. But now, 
when their private Interest is affected; when they are in danger 
of Bankrupcy, and their Credit is likely to be Injured, they are 
become the warmest and most Forward Solicitors with the Assem- 
bly for that very Species of money, they abused the Assembly 
for emitting to defend the Colony from a Common Enemy. Such 
is, and such for ever will be the conduct of men who prefer their 
own Interest to the Public Good. 

And now I am upon the Subject of Paper money, I will take 
the Liberty to inform you that of ,£750,000 issued in Treasury 
notes in the Course of the last War, only ^103,000 is in circula- 
tion upon the Supposition that none of the money issued has 
been lost: but it is certain a large Sum has been destroyed by 
different Casualties; so that, by the best computation not more 
than ^60,000 is in actual circulation; and the merchants are be- 
come so very Fond of it, that, tho' the Time of its redemption 
has long since expired, they exert every endeavour to prevent 
its being paid into the Treasury, from whence, they know, it 
will never more make its appearance, but must be burnt by a 
standing Committee appointed for that purpose. It really affords 
diversion to those who remember their Former opposition, to see 
their anxiety to keep this money in circulation, against the re- 
peated advertizements of the Treasury, in our public Papers, 
calling upon the Holders of it to carry it in, and exchange it for 
Gold and Silver; which not one of them can be prevailed upon 
to comply with. 

Our Export of Tobacco will be at least 6,000 hhds short of 


what it would have been had not this misfortune happened. And 
you may depend it will be considerably Shorter the ensuing Year, 
as no Tobacco can be made upon the Low-Grounds, where such 
large Quantities used to be made; and the heavy and almost 
continual Rains since the Fresh, have destroyed great part of 
that which was growing upon the high Lands. But let me Find 
out another Subject. 

You know Mr. Howocks, who, by a Fortuitous Concatenation 
of Events has been advanced to many profitable appointments 
in this Country. He is just gone for England, as he says, for 
the recovery of his Health. Before he left us, he called a Con- 
vention of the clergy, as Bishop's Comissary, to consider, as he 
himself expresses it, of the Expediency of a/i American Episco- 
pate. Our clergy, I believe, are about one hundred; of these, 
only Eleven obeyed his Summons. But notwithstanding the 
smallness of the number they proceeded to consider this impor- 
tant Question; Eight (of which number Mr. Howocks was one) 
were for the Expediency, and four against it. After much Jangle 
& Disputation — Formal Protests were published in the Gazettes, 
by the four Protestors, against the legality as well as regularity 
of the Proceeding. This brought on a severe Paper War. Mr. 
Camm, Rector of York-Hampton & one of the Professors of 
Divinity in our College, commenced Champion for a Bishop; 
and Messurs Henly and Gwatkin, the two Professors of Philos- 
ophy, appeared in the Field of Battle against a Bishop. This 
war continued with much violence, & personal abuse, 'till the 
meeting of the Assembly; When the House of Burgesses put 
an end to it, at least Publickly, by declaring, unanimously against 
the Expediency of an American Episcopate; and returned their 
thanks to the four Clergymen for opposing a measure, by which 
much disturbance, great anxiety, and apprehension, would cer- 
tainly take place among his Majesty's Faithful Subjects in 

And indeed, my Friend, if this Scheme had been effected, it 
would have overturned all our Acts of Assembly relative to 
ecclesiastical Jurisdiction: most of which acts have received the 
Royal assent, and have existed, amongst us, almost from the 
First establishment of the Colony. 

By these acts, our Vestries, who are the Founders of our 

VIRGINIA IN 177 1 . 131 

Churches, are made the Patrons within their several Parishes. 
Like Donatives in England, the Vestries have a Right to nomi- 
nate any clergyman, as their minister, "who produces, to the 
Governor, a Testamonial that he hath received Ordination From 
some Bishop in England." And every clergyman so nominated 
and received by the Vestry in any Parish, is entitled to all the 
spiritual &. temporal Benefits of his Parish as much as if he had 
been Formally admitted, Instituted & Inducted by a Bishop. 

It is true, if a Parish continues vacant above a year, in that 
case, the Governor, as exercising the Right of the Supreme 
Patron within this Dominion, is empowered to collate to such 
vacant Parish; but in no instance has he a Right to interfere, if 
the Vestry receives a minister within the year after the Vacancy 

Besides, the King has assented to the act of assembly, which 
declares that the General Court shall "take cognizance of, and 
have Power and Jurisdiction to hear and determine all causes, 
matters and Things whatsoever, relating to, or concerning any 
Person or Persons, ecclesiastical, or civil; or to any Person or 
Things of what nature soever the same shall be." So that our 
whole Ecclesiastical Constitution, which has been Fixed by the 
King's Assent, must be altered, if a Bishop is appointed in 
america with any Jurisdiction at all; which will produce greater 
Convulsions than anything that has ever, as yet, happened in 
this part of the Globe. For let me tell you, a Religious Dis- 
pute is the most Fierce and distinctive of all others, to the peace 
and Happiness of Government. 

I remember the learned Author of the Commentaries upon 
the Laws of England, says, that, if upon the Reformation of 
Religion, under Henry the 8th, & his Children, the spiritual 
Courts had been re-united to the Civil, the old Saxon Constitu- 
tion, with regard to Ecclesiastical Polity would have been com- 
pletely restored in England. And he seems to lament that this 
re-union had not been Effected. 

If then we have been so happy as to establish this Polity, and 
to re-unite the Ecclesiastical & Civil Jurisdiction in our Courts, 
it is I think, the highest Presumption in Mr. Howocks and his 
seven associates, to attempt so considerable an alteration in our 
Constitution as the Introduction of a Bishop must produce, with- 


out consulting, nay, expressly contrary to the consent of the 
Legislature of the Country. 

1 profess my self a sincere Son of the Established Church; but 
I can embrace her Doctrines, without approving of her Hier- 
archy, which I know to be a Relick of the Papal Incroachments 
upon the Common Law. I have dwelt the longer upon this 
Subject because it is thought by some amongst us that Howock's 
Errand to England is to lay a Foundation for this Establishment; 
and that he expects to be the First Right Reverend Father of 
the American Church. But if he has any such Design he has, 
in my opinion, acted very impolitickly by making his appear- 
ance in England, since neither his address or Abilities can possi- 
bly recommend him to so high an office. 

I acknowlege, for I will do him all Justice, he made a tolerable 
Pedegogue in the Grammar School of our College. Here he 
ought to have continued; but unfortunately, for his Reputation, 
as well as for the College, he was removed from the only Place 
he had abilities to Fill, to be President of the College. This 
laid the Foundation, for his other Exaltations; and, by a Syco- 
phantic Behaviour, he had accumulated upon him, the Rector- 
ship of Bruton Parish, the office of Bishop's Comissary, of a 
Councellor, of a Judge of the General Court, and of Ordinary 
of Newgate. All which offices he now possesses except that of 
attending the Condemned Criminals, in the Public Goal, which 
he resigned upon his leaving the Colony. Was his Sincerity & 
abilities equal to his good Fortune, he would be one of the most 
accomplished men amongst us. But he is not content with an 
accumulation of Preferments; he is attempting to Soar Higher, 
by setting all America into Flame, in which perhaps he may be 
made the First Sacrifice. But I have dwelt long enough upon 
such a character. 

By the enclosed Sheet of the House of Burgesses Journals 
containing their address in answer to the President's Speech at 
the opening of the last assembly, you will see the Sentiments 
the Country entertained of our late Governor. But the assem- 
bly were not content with demonstrating their Gratitute to the 
memory of that excellent man, by verbal declarations only; they 
have showed it by a more substantial Evidence. A very elegant 
Statue, of him, is to be erected, at the Public Expence, with 


proper Inscriptions expressing the grateful Sense this Country 
entertained of his Lordship's prudent and wise administration; 
and their great Solicitude to perpetuate, as far as they are able, 
the Remembrance of those many Public & Social Virtues which 
adorned his illustrious character. These are the words of the 
Resolution. The Motion for this Statue was no sooner made, 
than an universal Plaudit rung through the House of Burgesses; 
and the cry was agreed nemine contra disente. So high 
does the memory of this worthy man stand in the opinion of this 
Country. No certain Sum is appropriated for this Statue. It 
is to be sent for to Great Brstain under the direction of six Gen- 
tlemen who are to have it executed by the best Statuary in Eng- 
land, that it may be an Ornament to our Capital, where it is to 
be Fixed, and a lasting & elegant Testimony that this Country 
will ever pay the most distinguished Regard and Veneration to 
Governors of Worth and Merit. 

You do, I doubt not, think me very talkative; but have a little 
more patience, and I will give you no further trouble at this 
Time. Pray what is become of Mountague our late agent ? I 
suppose he takes his removal in great dudgeon. I confess I had 
some share in displacing him. I cannot recollect a single In- 
stance in which he was serviceable to this Country and I think it 
useless & unjust to our selves, to continue him longer in office. 
His salary did not expire 'till the 10th of April last, and yet he 
has given us no account of the acts passed and transmitted to 
England twelve months before that time, altho' some of them 
were of considerable Importance, particularly the Burgesses Act, 
& that for preventing the Exorbitant exactions of the Public 
Collectors, on which we had our hearts greatly Fixed. Is not 
this an Evidence of great neglect in him ? Let me whisper 
some thing in your Ear, which perhaps will be no disadvantage 
to you. I expect an attempt will be made the next Session to 
continue Montague agent; I am convinced the Interest that will 
support him is not strong enough to get him continued. But I 
believe an agent will certainly be appointed. Suppose then you 
should exert your self in procuring the Royal Assent to those 
Favorite acts which are now before the Board of Trade, and 
should transmit them by the very First opportunity. Such a 
Service let me tell you will do you no Injury in the opinion of 


our Burgesses; and might pave the way for your Friends exert- 
ing themselves in your Behalf. At the worst, the Expence will 
not be great which I am convinced the Burgesses will repay you. 
A Word to the wise is sufficient 

We know nothing as yet of our new Governor's coming 
amongst us. Some times it is said he will come; at other times 
that he will not. We entertain a very disadvantagious Opinion 
of him from the accounts brought to us from new York. I will 
tell you one of his Exploits which Wood, member for Frederick 
County, who you know, brought to the Assembly from New 
York from whence he had just returned. His Lordship with a 
Set of his Drunken Companions Sallied about midnight from his 
Palace and attacked Chief Justice Horsmanden's Coach and 
Horses. The Coach was destroyed and the Poor Horses lost 
their Tails. The next day the Chief Justice applied to Govern- 
ment for Redress. And a Proclamation issued by advice of the 
Council offering a reward of ^200 for a discovery of the Princi- 
pal in this violent act. We have not heard whether the Gover- 
nor demanded the Reward. I have a mighty inclination the 
substance of this Letter (contained between the two lines in the 
margent from the first to the seventh page) should appear in 
some of the Public Papers in England. If you think the lan- 
guage will bare printing I give you leave to make that part of it 
public, for I am mighty desirous the Clergy's Scheme for an 
American Bishop should be made as public as possible to stir up 
an opposition to it from the Dissenters who will be terribly 
scurged by the Ecclesiastical Flogers, as the act of Toleration is 
not in Force in this Country. I am, Dear Sir, 

Your very affectionate Servant, 

Richard Bland. 

Note. — If you send any part of it to the Press you need not 
publish my name. Let the address also appear in the Public 



In sending us a copy of appended letter, the original of which 
is in possession of Mr. W. Maddan, of Berwick on Tweed, Mr. 
Frank Hume, of Washington, writes as follows: "I am sure 
there is much in the way of old letters from friends in America 
to their Scotch friends at home written in Colonial times, which 
would be of interest to us could we get them." 

Charleston, S. C. 12 May 179S. 
Dear Brother: 

I am happy to inform you that I am in good health, hoping 
this will find all friends on your side of the water in the same 
condition. I wrote some time ago to W" & Walter informing 
them of my safe arrival in this part of the world, these I expect 
you have seen.* There was nothing of any consequence hap- 
pened to me during our voyage excepting being chased by a 
French Privateer when we were within a day's sail of the 
American coast, she however left us in the night, at which I was 
nothing sorry. We once were almost lost too in a gale of wind 
which continued nearly 50 hours, twas this that frightened me 
most. I had very little hopes at that time of ever seeing you 
more, which I expect now will be in a very short time, at least in 
the course of six months if the summer does not stand hard with 
me here, there is not a place in America more fatal to a 
European constitution than Charleston. I was very much 
disappointed with this country on arrival, I had never formed 
very flattering prospects but still I expected to find it otherwise 
than what it is. It is impossible almost to make a fortune here, 
extravagance in living I believe is no part of the world carried 
to such a height as in Carolina, and there is fewer rich people 
here than in any other country. We are now preparing for war 
with all our might, fortifications and arming all vessels, building 
frigates, is now the order of the day, the Americans are now to 
a man against the French as they were formerly favourable to 
them to a man, indeed the conduct of France to thy country 


[America ?] has no excuse, it shews however that republics as 
well as kings will abuse power when they have it and some of the 
people that have the government of France to Rule, are without 
doubt the Basest rascals that ever abused power, their demands on 
thy country at once exposes their meanness, avarice and villany; 
to bribe the Directory with a sum of money and purchase a mil- 
lion and a half of bad Debts belonging to the Dutch, are the 
preliminaries for the American commissioners to be admitted to a 
hearing and to be allowed to complain of the wrongs done to 
their country, and without even a promise of granting peace, 
but these terms say Talleyrand you must * * * previous to 
your being heard, or leave the country. Such are the official 
accounts from the American ministers at Paris. 

I have now sold about 5,000 pounds worth of the goods I car- 
ried out, and now hav'e only about 2,000 more to sell, part of 
which I am afraid I will not gett off not being suitable to the 
sales of this country and the prospects of war deters merchants 
sending such goods to the West Indies, if however there is not 
the probability of selling them immediately I *vill leave them 
here and return home as soon as I can get the money collected. 
I have at present about ,£3,000 value of Tobacco and Cotton 
which is shipping on board an armed ship here for Greenock the 
vessel is freighted, Mr Henry the Gentleman who I was recom- 
mended to and I have the half of her. I wrote Mr. Maclean by 
this ship and Walter the ship before this one and will continue to 
do so to each of of you by every opportunity. There was 2 
ships arrived here lately from Greenock by which I expected to 
hear from some of you but was very much mortified when I had 
not a scrap from one of you. I think it was rather unaccountable, 
but certainly you did not know of the opportunity, or it would 
not have been neglected, I would fain hope that you have got a 
favourable answer to your letter to the Doctor in. Grenada, should 
this be the case it will give me the greatest pleasure, but if it 
should not be so I expect other resources will be found, should I 
be spared to get home. Give my warmest remembrances to our 
Sister who I hope was satisfied that I had it now in my power to 
go round by Renton before I came away. I hope my little niece 
is in a fine thriving way, and mind that I expect to see another 
niece and nephew when I come home. Give my compliments 


to Mrs. Trotter and family. Remind me to our brothers in 
Glasgow and to all friends when you can find the opportunity, 
you know we have so many of them that I cannot well recollect 
them all at present and in meantime I remain Most Sincerely 
Dear Brother. 

Your Mo. Affect. Friend 

Andrew Gow. 


(York Records Vol. 1657-62, p. 294, Va. State Library.) 

London December the 29th 1659. 
Loving Father: . 

My duty remembered to you with my love to my Mother in 
Law and all the rest of our friends in general, desyring yo r 
health, praised be ye Lord for yat health I enjoy at present. 
My last to you was by Capt. Halman wherein I certified you of 
the Receipt of 16 hhds. of tobacco ^ ye Virg a M 'chant & three 
of my Uncle Tustians. I think I also certified you that I had 
sold Fifteen hhds. of your Sixteen hhds in ye aforesaid shipp 
for Five pence ^ pound & the Excise; the hhd. that I thought 
had been lost was found & I have rec'ed Sixteen hhds. upon 
your Acompt out of ye Virginia M'chant this yeare & my uncle 
Tustians 3 hhds. of tobacco. I have here sent you an Accompt 
of ye Sixteen hhds. in ye Virginia M'cht what they produced. 
My uncle Mann & Aunt rememb. their love to you & my Mother 
in Law and my Aunt Price rememb. her love to you and my 
Mother in Law and all ye rest of your friends in ye countrey 
rememb r their love to you and my Mother in Law. Since ye 
9th of October here hath been another -over turne in ye Gov- 
ernm' of this Nation ye Soldyers turned out ye last long Parlim' 
& for a while we were without any settled Governm' but ye sword 


& sword & sword men bare ye rule of ye Nation & this citty 
not many weekes agoe was in a dangerous condition according 
as well judged by ye eye of Flesh, and had not ye good hand 
of ye Lord prevented what was feared for right I know this Citty 
might be burned into Ashes & the streets running with blood; 
the Soldyers they are devided one against another & the people 
they are devided some for one Government some for another & 
how long thus a Kingdome devided against itselfe can stand I 
know not but Sinne & eniquity hath devided between us, & God 
& the Lord for Sinne hath devided us one against another & 
who knowes but yat ye Lord may give us upp to be destroyed 
one of another: the last Parliament part of their members have 
againe within these Eight days mett againe at ye Parliam' house 
& some of ye Soldyers have revolted from their Commanders & 
adheered to yis Pliam* & this long P'liamt together with the 
Soldyers are likely to be our Rulers againe for a Season unlesse 
ye Soldyers clash againe. As for tobaccoe it is rather a worse 
comodity no better then it was 2 months or 8 months agoe & 
what it will be next yeare is very uncertaine unless here were 
like to be some settled governm', Father I think it would be 
convenient for you to keepe a plantacon & something in Virg a 
the times being soe Dangerous here, and yis with my prayers 
to ye Lord for you, I leave you to ye protection of ye Lord & 

Your loving and obedient Sonne 

Francis Wheeler. 
[Thus Subscribed.] 

These for his very loving Father, Mr. Francis Wheeler living 
at Oueenes Creeke in Virginia. 



[The Narrative to which reference is made in the first para- 
graph of Berkeley's Vindication was the detailed account given 
by the English Commissioners of Bacon's Rebellion, in the form 
of a Report to the English Government. This Narrative is pub- 
lished in full in this Magazine, Vol. IV, page 117. The " Brevi- 
arie and Conclusion " was an abstract of this Narrative, and will 
be found in Randolph MSS., Vol. Ill, page 361, Virginia Histori- 
cal Society MSS. Collections. The Vindication is from the same 
MSS., following the " Breviarie and Conclusion." 

To compile the narrative from whence the Breviarie and con- 
clusion is drawn which is indeed a scandalous Libel and invec- 
tive against Sir Win. Berkeley and the Loyal party in Virginia, 
Robert Holden, John Langston and many others of the most emi- 
nent Rebels were sent for by particular Warrants signed Her- 
bert Jeffries and Francis Morrison, and delivered to Mr. Wright, 
under Sheriff of James City County, by Mr. Sherwood, requir- 
ing them to appear before them at a time and day prefixt, to 
testifie what they knew concerning the proceedings of Sir Wm. 
Berkeley, Knight, &c. These warrants not being directed to 
be executed by the Sheriff as usual and to be kept by him, but 
to be delivered to the parties themselves and he doth testifie that 
there had been none of the Warrants of this nature but went 
directed to such persons as he knew to be notorious Actors in 
the late Rebellion, as appears by certificate under his hand dated 
August 7th, 1677. 

The proceedings of Sir Wm. Berkeley to provide for the Pub- 
lick Safety were not Slow nor dilatory, but sent orders to the 
Heads of the Rivers to draw off the smaller Plantations and 
placed many of them together for their mutual safety and sum- 
mon the Assembly. The Assembly met resolves on such courses 
as he knew most expedient for the Publick Safety. 

Sir Wm. Berkelev accordingly prosecutes the resolutions. 


Those great and heavy impositions were lawfully imposed and 
without such impositions the publick Safety could not be pro- 
vided for. 

The imposition of a tax for raising money to buy the Patents 
was done by the Assembly and Sir Win. Berkeley received no 
advantage from it but Colonel Moryson did. 

The stopping of the forces going out under the command of 
Sir Henry Chickely was very prudent when there was a necessity 
of calling the Assembly, and if Sir Henry had not been stopt 
Col Moryson had no assurance what his success would have 

It would have been very imprudent for Sir Wm. Berkeley to 
have relied on Volunteers for the publick safety when another 
and a better course was appointed by the Assembly and Council, 
and that this was meer pretense appears when Bacon had ex- 
torted a Commission in the next Assembly for then the charge 
of the Country was greater. 

Sir Wm. Berkeley had not done his duty had not Bacon and 
his followers in arms been proclaimed Rebels and Traytors as 
likewise if he had not endeavored to Suppress his Rebellion. 

Sir Wm. Berkeley endeavouring by all means the Peace of 
the colony, dissolves the old assembly and calls a new one and 
by the choice of Bacon and Creuse in Henrico County he had 
cause to doubt the choice in all other counties having been reg- 

Bacon being taken if he were thus pardoned by the Governor, 
it gains great evidence how unwilling he was to shed Blood 
which in other place is laid to his Charge, and tho. the event 
may make some conclude that another course would have been 
better yet Sir Wm. Berkeley's knowledge of the ill temper of 
the assembly which was much infused with Bacon's principles 
(as is said) might be the means of his endeavouring to win him by 
lenity to make him useful in that juncture of affairs. But Bacon 
knowing his fortune more desperate than it could appear to 
others and that he had no visible way of support, resolves to 
fish in troubled waters, steals out of Town, draws the Rabble 
together, surprises James City, surrounds the State House the 
Assembly sitting, and by force extorted a Commission for Gen- 


eral, an Act of Indemnity for himself and party, a letter to his 
Majesty and several Blank Commissions. 

After which Sir Wm. Berkeley (to prevent further mischief) 
dissolves that Assembly, nor is it to be wondered at that he did 
not immediately put forth Proclamations to undeceive people 
because he had then no means of securing himself nor forces 
to have maintained such a Proclamation by, but he took the 
first opportunity he could of doing all this when Gloucester 
County (having been plundered by Bacon before his going out 
against the Indians of their arms which left them exposed to 
the Indians,) made an address to him who immediately repaired 
thither. But Bacon having advice thereof sent him by Lawrence 
and Drummond and coming speedily down with his whole force 
he was compelled to leave the place and retire to Accomack 
endeavouring in all places and by all means to maintain the Gov- 
ernment and not leaving it as is here asserted in the hands of the 
Rebel Bacon. 

Bacon then summoned in the people and imposed his most 
wicked oath on them. Larimar's ship is seized by Bland, made 
a man of war by putting more guns and men into her and sent 
over to Accomack to take Sir Wm. Berkeley but is itself retaken 
by his men sent under the command of Col Philip Ludwell, and 
by the taking of this ship the colony preserved to his Majesty 
for their being fifty sails of ships gone to Virginia from London 
& the out parts before any embargoes were laid they would have 
all dropt in one after another and been taken by this ship if she 
had not been thus retaken, and what the consequence of that 
would have been is left to consideration, but Col Ludwell 's 
reward for this great service was to be turned out of his office 
by Col Jeffreys as soon as Sir Wm. Berkeley was gone for Eng- 
land. And if this had not been effected neither Morris, Couset, 
Grantham, Prim or Gardner could have defended themselves 
against Bacon's sea force, tho. they deserved well by assisting 
the Governor to reduce the Rebels. 

Bacon after this resume His Indian design, that is to say kills 
and takes some few Pamurfkey Indians whom he himself afore he 
had any commission forced or frightened them into the woods to 
become enemies to the English if they were so, and in all this 


relation there is found no account of any Innocent Indians being" 
taken or killed by Bacon and his party. 

The Governor having taken Larimore's ship returns to James 
City with such men as he could get to follow him (for he had not 
so much as one soldier in his Majesty's pay) and all those he 
had were provided for by Sir Wm. Berkeley at his own charge 
(for the taking anything from the Rebels, is imputed a heinous 
crime to those from whom they had taken all), and by what they 
performed is to be seen how little he could rely on volunteers 
who are more apt to command their officers than to be com- 
manded by them; neither can the ill success be imputed to Sir 
Wm. Berkeley who was not wanting to perform his part but 
could not with twenty men stay in that place when the rest were 
resolved to quit it, nor punish them at that time for their diso- 

Bacon enters James City and burns it (very soldier like and 
with great judgment these volunteers say) which was rather an 
evidence that his case was desperate, for he certainly have pre- 
served it for his own occupation if he had not thought it * * 
or intended by making his men guilty of wicked acts to engage 
them further in so bad a Course; he doth not long survive this 
and his other villainies, dying of the bloody flux or Lousy Di- 
sease or both, and Sir Wm. Berkeley had the Honour, and Hon- 
our by his prudent conduct, notwithstanding his great age and 
the weakness of his body brought on him or much increased by 
the fatigue he underwent in the continued duties of his charge to 
reduce the whole colony to its former obedience due to his 
Majesty with out any assistance either from England or Mary- 
land or any other part, and to leave it to his successors in perfect 
Peace if the opinion of my Lord Cook coming among them and 
the countenancing the most active abettor of Bacon since the 
arrival of his Majesty's forces and the discountenancing those 
which lost their estates and hazarded their lives in his Majesty's 
service have not infused new boldness into those ill men to at- 
tempt new disorders, the last letters give cause to suspect it but 
God avert it. 

In the account of the transactions in Virginia in that part of it 
which concerns Sir Wm. Berkeley, which is given under the 


hands only of Sir John Berry and Col Moryson, they object * 
the executing of several persons by Martial Law all which exe- 
cutions were during the heat of the Rebellion when Sir Wm. 
Berkeley had no place of strength to secure them nor guard 
whom he could rely on to keep them, and as he told them he 
had great reason to think a legal jury would not have found 
them guilty, neither could he be convinced to the contrary by 
what he saw afterwards of the tryals of ten of them by the Com- 
mission of Oyer and Terminer, tho. they were all found guilty 
by the Jury for these persons were not brought to their tryals 
before the Country was wholly reduced by him to perfect obedi- 
ence and after that his majesty's forces were arrived and there 
was a sufficient strength to justify the Law, but it is certain all 
the persons executed by Martial Law were notoriously guilty. 

Whether there was a great necessity of opening his Majesty's 
Royal Act of Grace and forgiveness in that Juncture of affairs 
may deserve a further examination, but no Gentleman of Vir- 
ginia could see or bring over with him his Majesty's Proclama- 
tion without their communication to whom only it was entrusted. 

There is no proof made of the seizure of any man's estate 
only during the heat of Rebellion or such men's as were at- 
tainted by Act of Assembly or fined in a Court. They are 
impatient of the least irregularity of the Governor or loyal party 
of which they are strict Inquisitors. 

And tho. they know well that Sir Wm. Berkeley has had 
houses burnt in James City, his dwelling house at Green Spring 
almost ruined, his household goods and others of great value 
totally plundered; that he had not a bed to lye on, two great 
Beasts, three hundred sheep, seventy horses and mares, all his 
corn and provisions taken away and the rest of the -loyal party 
as ill handled they cannot endure they should have any sense of 
their great losses and sufferings nor give them any better names 
than the worst of witnesses when they take notice of such things 
to the actors of all those mischiefs coming to a legal tryal by 
which they were justly condemned, they themselves being judges 
which make these reports, since which they have also protected 
a notorious Rebel from being prosecuted by course of Law in 
the courts of Justice. 


How they have in the whole course of their proceedings they 
have avoided to receive any complaint of the Publick Grievances 
but by and under the hands of the most credible, loyal and sober 
persons in each county, with caution that they did not do it in 
any mutinous manner and without mixture of their old Leaven, 
but in such sort as might become dutiful subjects and sober men 
to present appears by the certificate of Wright above men- 
tioned, dated August 7th, 1667. 

As for the particular cases given, in which they aggravate as 
much as possible, they were taken after Sir Wm. Berkeley's re- 
turn for England, and being not indifferently stated no particular 
answer can be made to them till they are returned again to Vir- 
ginia and if they are further insisted on it is not doubted they 
will appear slight and frivolous, and it is very remarkable there 
is not one private brought against Sir Wm. Berkeley before this 

All those things considered, Sir Wm. Berkeley had great 
reason to differ from the opinion of the learned Lord Cook men- 
tioned by the Commissioners and to appeal to his Majesty and 
most hon ble privy council and the learned Judges of the Law who 
tis hoped will find cause to justifie Sir Wm. Berkeley's proceed- 
ings which when the case shall be better stated and better under- 
stood than yet is, will be found to have been entirely for the good 
of the Colony and his Majesty's service tho to his loss and ruin. 



An Inventory of all the S * * * and personal 


of Lancaster Esq., Deceased, taken as directed in 
his last will, vizt. 

hi Lancaster County at the home plantation. — In the Old hoiise 
Dining Room, Vizt: 

i large looking Glass, 17 Black Leather Chairs, 2 ditto stools, 
1 Large oval Table, 1 Middling Ditto, 1 small ditto, 1 Blackwal- 
nut Desk, 1 Ditto Corner Cupboard, 1 pr. large money scales & 
w'ts, 1 pr. Hand Irons, 1 poker, 2 pr. Tobo. Tongs. 

In the Dining Room Clossett. 

2 chaney Basons, 1 ditto Cannister, 10 ditto Tea cups & 8 
saucers, 1 Do. small Dish, 1 do. Teapott with a silver spout, 2 
Middling do. cupps, 1 Doz. Earthen plates, 5 soop Do., 2 copper 
coffee potts, 2 do. Tea kettles, a tin water Cistern, 2 Coffee Mills, 
1 Bark Gamott Table, 1 doz. Iron candlesticks, 4 Brass do., 1 do. 
warming pan, 1 do. chafing Dish, a plate case, a Cupboard, 10 
small water Glasses, 3 Decanters, 2 Rummer Glasses, 4 Beer 
Glasses, 32 Wine Glasses, 2 stone Juggs, 3 Quart Muggs, 1 Iron 
plate stand, 22 Black handled Knives & Forks, 1 Secrutore, 1 
I Large Floor oyl. 

In the Chamber over the Dining Room. 

4 Feather Beds, 4 Bolsters & 6 pillows, 4 Ruggs, 1 Quilt, 3 
prs. Blankets, 1 pr. blew chaney curtains vallens Teaster and 
head peice, 1 pr. stamped Cotton curtains vallens Teaster & 
headp 5 , 1 square Table, 2 high Bedsteads and one Trundle Bed- 
stead, 3 cane chairs, 5 Leather Ditto, 1 Dressing Glass, 12 Bed 
chaney chair cushings, 1 p r Iron Doggs, 1 pr. Fire Tongs, 1 

In the lower Chamber. 

11 Leather chairs, 1 New ditto, 1 arm chair, 4 cane chairs. 


In the Chamber Closett, Books Vizt: 

Folios. — Howell's French Dictionary, Hermon Mott's Geog- 
raphy. Rushworth's Collections, Vol. 1st, Ditto collections from 
1639 to 1640. Ditto Do. from 1640 to 1644. Ditto Do. from 
Do. to Do. Ward of Warr. Crook's Anatomix, Riverin's 
practice of Physick, Annotations to the first Isaiah. The Tryal 
of Wm. Staley &c, Plutarch's Lives. Memorials of Eng. 
affairs from 1625 to 1660. Brownrigg's sermons, Machiavel's 
Works, Holyoke's Dictionary, Collier's Dictionary, Vol. 1. Do. 
Do., Vol. 2. Compleat history of England, Vol. 1, do., vol. 2, 
Do., Vol. 3. Clarrendon History of the Civil Warrs, Vol. 1, 
do. do., Vol. 2, Do. Do., Vol. 3, Statutes at large. 

/;/ the lower Chamber Closets Continued. 

The following Books viz': 

Dalton's Courts Justice, Croke's Reports, part the first, A 
large folio Bible, a Common prayer book, Selden's Tracts, Cea- 
sar's Commentaries, Modern Reports part the 1st, do. do., 2nd 
do. do., 3rd do. do., 4th Levring's Rep" 1st & 2nd part, do. 
do. 3rd part, Jones' Reports, Kirlwey, do. Ventris do. 1st & 2nd 
part, Keebles do. Vol. 1, do. do. Vol. 2, do. do. Vol. 3, Shovers 
do., Carter's do., Vaughan's do., Comberback do., Keelyng's 
do., Salkeel do. do., Vol. 1, do. do. Vol. 2, Dalton's office of 
Sheriff, Ditto Justice, Keeble's do. do. do., Statutes from 16 
Car. 1st to 27, Car. 2nd Vol. * * * do. from 1st Jac, 1st to 
the 7th, Wm. 3rd Vol., * * do. from 7th, Wm. 3rd to the 
9th & 10th, The Laws of Barbados, do. of Massachusetts Bay 
in New Eng d , Danver's Abridgm 1 Vol. 1, do. do. Vol. 2, Nel- 
son's do. Vol. 1, do. do. Vol. 2, do. do. Vol. 3, Fitz Herbert's 
do., Brook's ditto, City of London Case, Cases in Chancery fro. 
1 2th Car. 2d to the 31st, Hawle's Remarks, Plow den's Com- 
mentaries, Modern Cases, Historical Discourses, Laws & Gov- 
ernm' in Queen Eliza., Wingate's Maxims, Manleye Interpreter, 
do. do. Coke's 2nd Institutes, do. 3rd do., do. 3rd & 4th do. 
do. 4th do., notes from 20th Aug' 1702 to the 13th Mar. 1704, 
do. fro. 27th Oct. 1705 to the 1st April 1708, Cotton's Records, 
Sydney of Government, Dawson Original of Laws, Acts of 
Queen Ann 1705-1706, do. of do. 1707, Collier's Tryal, Water- 


house on Fortescue, Croke Eliz a do., Carolus do., Jacob Swine- 
burn's Last Wills & Testaments, Syntagma Theologiae, 
Buchaniers of America, Conimbricensis 2nd Book, ditto 3rd 
ditto 4th. * * * * 

In the Lower Chamber Clossett, Cent. 

The following- Books, Viz': 

Hugh's Abridgm', part the third, * * ests Presidents, 
Moyle's Entries, Godolphin's Legacy, Cowley's Interpreter, 
Prynn's power of Parliament, Attorneys' Academy, a Bible, 
Brownlow's Reports, How's Prescience, Wetwood's Memoirs, 
Fibmer's Treatises of Government, Hale's Contemplations, The 
Compleat Statesman, Brown's Clerks' guide, Essay for regulat- 
ing the Law, a Treatise of the Law, Cotton's choice pieces, The 
Decay of Christainity, Filmer's observations of Government, 
* of Great Brittain * * * * 7 Grammers, 4 Cordery's 
Colloquies, Echard's Roman history, L. Estrange Josephus, 
Tillottson's sermons, Vol. 2nd, do. do. 3rd, do. do. 7th, do. do. 
8th, do. do. 9th, do. do. 10th, do. do. nth, do. do. 13th, do. do. 
14th, Temple's Letters, Vol. 1st, do. do. Vol. 2nd, do. do. Vol. 
3rd, Do's Introduction, Do's Miscellanea, part 3rd, Do's Me- 
moirs from 1672 to 1679, * * survey, Lord's Psalms old 
Version, do. * * of the 4 last Reigns, * lish Compendium 

* History of Europe for 1704, do. do. 1704, do. do. 1705, 
do. do. 1706, do. do. 1707, do. do. 1707, do. do. 1708, do. do. 
1709, Stanhope of Wisdom, first part, do. of do. 2nd & 3rd 
parts, Blair's Sermons, Tacitus' Works, Vol. 1st, do. do. 2nd 
History of Queen Ann, The Life of Queen Ann, Vol. 1st, ditto 
2nd, Dr. Hick's Priesthood ag 3t the Rights, ditto against the 
Rights, Dr. Turner against Ditto, Dr. Mottous' Sermons against 
ditto, Sam 1 Hill's against ditto, do. do. ag sl do., Ludlow's Me- 
moirs, Vol. 1st, do. do. 2nd, do. do. 3rd part, Hoadley of the 
Church of England 1st part, Calamy of do. 1st part, Hoadley 
in answer to Calamy, Calamy of the Church of England, 2nd 
part, Bishop Worcester's Discourse of the Trinity, Palmer's 
Moral Essays, Hale's Knowledge of God, &c, Tillottson's 
first Vol. Eikon Baptists, Terms of the Law, Abridgm' Vir as 
Laws, Fitz Herbert's Naturia Brevium, Robotham's gate of Ian- 


guages unlocked, Nelson's Reports, Wingate's Abridgm" office 
of an attorney, Molloy dejure Maritimo & Navali * * Trea- 
tise of Recoverys, Terms of the Law, do. of do., Wingate's 
Abridg mt , Selden's Judicature in Parliament, Fortescue on the 
Laws of Eng rt , Body of the Law, Sheppard's Offices, Perkin's 
do., Heme's Conveyances, Practice of Chancery, Statutes of 
Bankrupt, Tryals perpais, Lambert's Reports in Chancery, 
Abridgment of Coke's Reports, Perkins of the Law, Fynch's 
Law, Compleat attorney, Britton, Abridg mt of Dyer's Rep ,s , 
Townsend's preparative to pleading, Mysteries of Clerkship, 
order of Chancery, Mantey's Clerks' Guide. A parcel of old 
cloths, a parcel of lumber, i Bason stand, i house lantern, i 
small square table, 9 guns, 1 Speaking Trumpett. 

In the Chamber over the lower Chamber. 

Close Stove, 2 feather Beds, 2 bolsters & 4 pillows, 4 quilts, 
4 Blanketts and 2 Ruggs, 1 p. w te Cotton Curtains Vallens headp' 
and Teaster, 1 p. blew and white cotton & linen chex curt 5 & 
Vallens and white linen headpiece & Teaster, 2 high Bedsteads, 
2 p r white cotton Window Curtains and Vallens, 1 Black Walnut 
oval Table, 1 small ditto, 1 Dressing Glass, 5 cane chairs, 1 arm 
ditto, 1 p r Iron Doggs, 1 p r tongs & fire Shovel. 

In the Porch Chamber. 

1 Feather Bed, 1 bolster & pillow, 1 Quilt, 1 Rugg, & 1 
Blankett, 1 p r norch cotton curtains and Vallens lin'd with 
Searsucker and a Searsucker head piece & Teaster, 6 blew Cha- 
ney chairs, 1 do. do. arm chair. 

The Brick House Chamber, Vizt: 

2 bolsters & 3 pillows, 2 p r Blanketts & two quilts, 1 standing 
Bedstead & 1 Trundle do., a set of searsucker bed curtains, 2 p. 
cotton window curtains, 1 large Black Walnut Oval Table, 2 
Small Oval Tables, 1 Glass Japp a Scrutore, 1 Jappan d Square 
small Table, 1 India Skreen, 1 Dressing Glass, 5 blew silk Cam- 
let chairs, 1 Large Looking Glass, 1 chest of Drawers, 1 chair 
with a red leather seat, 1 p. Broken Hand Irons, 1 poker & fire 
shovel, 2 Brass Candlesticks. 


In the lower chamber clossett. 

* Brass Candlestick, * Hand Bell, * do of Leaf Gold, 
* Books, Viz 4 : 

* haramond, a Roman, Harrisse's Lexicon, Vol. ist, do. 
do. Vol. 2nd, Hale's Original of Mankind, Ibrahim, Bentivolio 
and Urania, Lex Mercatoria, Coke on Littleton, Sylva or a Dis- 
course of Forest Trees, Cassandra, Idea of Morall Philosophic, 
Glossographia, Assemblys' Catechism, Prayers for Familie, 
Bailey's Dictionary, Mechanical Acco' of poisons, The Right of 
the Xtian Church, Wilford's Arithmetick, a Companion to the 
Alter, The pathway to Health, The Young Man's Monitor, 
Fidde's Sermons, Vol. 2nd, The life of Wm. Chillingsworth, 
Homer's Iliads, Controversie, &c, Curson's office of Exec 1 ', 
Puffendorf 's introduction of Asia, Rassius' history of England, 
Vol. 10th, the New London Dispensation, Sententic pueriles, 
Ovid's Metamorphosis, Culpeper's practical physick, Introduc- 
tion to the making of Lattin, Lattin and English Dictionary, 
The lives of Illustrious men, Tillottson's Sermons, Vol. 4th, do. 
do. Vol. 10th, Scott's Christian Life, Vol. ist, do. do. Vol. 4th, 
Reformation of Manners, do. of Ditto. 

/;/ the Chamber over the lower Chamber. 

1 Feather Bed, Bolster & pillow, 1 quilt and p r of Blanketts, 
1 Trundle Bedstead, 1 desk, 1 chest of Drawers, 1 Dressing- 
Glass, 6 chairs with red leather seats, 2 stools with ditto, 1 small 
square Black Walnut Table, 1 small oval ditto with red velvet 
on the top, 1 p r Hand Irons. 

In the Brick Store. 

A Black Walnut Case q' the following Books, Viz 1 : Annota- 
tions upon the Holy Bible, Usher's Body of Divinity Imperfect, 
Ward's Animadversions of Warr, Fuller's history of the Holy 
Warr, Exon's Contemplations on the history of the New Testa- 
ment, Raptall's Collections of Statutes, Guicciard's aphorisms, 
Sedgewick's bowels of tender mercy, Mosan's general practice 
of Physick, Reverinse's practice of Physick, Hall Annotations 
Imperfect, Rushworth's historical Collections, Perkin's Golden 
Chain, Montgomery's Urania, Haynes' General view of the 


Holy Scriptures, Minohen's Spanish Dictionary, Imperfect Book 
of Law, West's first part of Symboliography, an Imperfect Book 
of Law, West's Pattern of Presidents, Bellarmini de Canone 
Scripturae, Cratcanthorp's defence of Constantine, Diodatis 
pious annotations, Echardo Roman history, Vol. ist, Patrick's 
parable of the Pilgrim, Policie unveiled, Commentariorum Col- 
ligie Conimbriscusis, Smith's Mysterie of Rhetorique, Sach- 
everelle Tryal, Ashe's gen 1 Table of the sev 1 books of Coke's 
Reports, Burgersdirius Logicam, Fennerune's Sacra Theolog- 
icca, Ursini's Corpus Doctrinae Christianae, Wendilind's The- 
ologiae, Keckermanro's Systima Logicae, Walker's English & 
Lattin Phrases, Novum Testamentum Imperfect, Scott's Chris- 
tian Life part the third, Fellippe De Tractodo Dil Couscis, Aris- 
toteles Metaphysicorum, Reports in Chancery, Vol. 2nd, Baxter's 
directions for Peace of Conscience, Erasmi Colloquiorum, Briggs 
&c. , their Mathematical Tables, * Metaphisica, Nouveaw 
Testament, * * Historia Universsalis, * * Body of the 
Common Law Imperfect, * Entitled the Reformation of Man- 

7 A Chest qt. 

19 yards mixed Duroys, 35 y ds drugg', 1 p 1 ' yellow Shalloon 
and some yellow Mohair, 11 yards Virg a Cloth, 1 p' Virg a Cot- 
ton and linnen Cloth q l 34 y rt , 46 y rds Virg a Cotton, 20 yards nar- 
row Liverpool Linnen, 42 yards striped Holland, 27 yards coarse 
Bedtick, 2 pr. Blanketts, 1 parcell of mohair & Buttons, a Drum- 
line, a large shuck do., a pr. of dressed sheepskins, a pound 
fine w tc brp. Thread, 1 oz. nun's Thread, 4 Livery Laced hats 
in a small Box. 

6 A chest qt. 

10 p rs men's French falls, 3 p rs woman's do., 5 p r boy's do., 7 
p' men's plains, 4 p r boy's Ditto, a man's Beaver hatt, 4 mon- 
mouth caps, 6 spicketts, 2 fossetts, 2 snaffle bridles, a paper of 
small white nails. 

A small box in which is as foil's. 

32 large shoomacker's Tacks, 28 small do., 4 small round files, 
5 large three square files, 2 half round files, 16 smith's files 
sorted, 1 p r sheep shears. 


Loose in the said chest. 

2 cooper heading knives, i p r Irish hose, a large parcel of 
mohair, a parcel of Bootwebb, a parcell of Bellandine silk. 

i j A chest qt. 

32 bla. silk coat Buttons, 2^ y rd blew Broad cloth, a parcel of 
black, blew & yellow mohair, a parcel of black shalloon, 15 
Brass coat Buttons, 3 doz. & half Breast do., 4 p r doeskin stock', 

5 p r men's fine worsted hose, 6 p r men's Rolling do., 1 p r boy's 
worsted hose, 3 p r boy's wash gloves, 2 parcels of parchment, 6 
y rds of oyl cloth, 40' Brown Thread, 20 gro s horn coat Buttons, 
23 y rds holland no. 19, 22^ yards bagg holland no. 1, 1 p r fine 
garlix holland no. 244, 17 yards narrow garlix, 3 drum lines, 1 
sheeps d do., 3 pounds wigg powder, 17 Wash Balls, a parcel of 
\v te bro. Thread in a small trunk. 

R. C. 1 a Chest qt. 

A cake of Casteel soap, 48^ y r,is blew broad cloth, 7 yards 
yellow shalloon, 3 hanks blew silk, 7 Hanks Yellow Mohair, 4 
p' men's stockings, a large spying Glass, 5 p rs boy's French 
Falls, 3 y rds of Cambrick, i 1 /, y rds of Flannin, 3 quilted holland 
caps, 2 embroidered necks in another small Band box, 2 doz. 
Brass Coat Buttons, 4 doz. Breast do. 

A Box no. 38 In which is as follows: 

4 doz. Coat Buttons, 4 doz. breast do., & 6 Hanks silk twist 
for trimming, 17 y rd " & half of Gorgoroon, 14 yards & h. of silk 
Taffity, 14 y rds & half of Bombays, 5 yards of sear suckers, 74 
y rds of Ginghams, 4 cotton Hankerchiefs (Loose in the said chest ), 
1 gross of brass Coat Buttons, t gross of vest do., 5 sheapshead 
lines, 27 y rds & h. of blew half thicks, 3^ yards of coarse garlix, 
7 yards wadding, 3 silver mounted swords, 1 Gilt ditto, 2 mourn- 
ing do., 9 yards broad blew Linnen, 1 whole p r blew half thicks, 
a parcel of black thread Buttons & mohair, 3 p rs boy's black 
gloves, 16 y rds bla. Crape, * * Buckram, Topps for a coach, 

6 patty panns. 

3d A Large Trunk qt. 

9 quires & half of Large Demy Deed paper. 



No. 2j a small box in the said Trunk qt. 

4 papers ink powder, a box of wafers, a paper of Deed wafers, 
a small parcel of gilt paper, 2 quires of ordinary paper, 24 sticks 
of sealing wax, a bottle of Red Ink. 

R. C. No. 2. 

A Large Trunk qt. 


1 P r coarse Diaper, 


1 Ditto, 


1 Ditto, 


1 Ditto, 


1 Ditto, 


1 Ditto, 


II 3/{ yards. 

6 yards broad Table Diaper, 19 yards & h. of narro ditto, 7 
yards cotton chex, 15 yards fine Ellwide Muslin, 6 yards yellow 
canvas, 4 new Turnovers and 1 new neck cloth, 2 p r scarlett 
worsted stockings, 7 p rs short knitt worsted stock 5 , 6 p r men's 
large wove double Thread hose in a bundle, 1 doz. men's knitt 
worst 11 hose & 2 p r scarlett do. in a bundle, 2 p rs doeskin stock- 
ings, 1 p r fine three thread do. worsted, 1 pr. silk do. (in a bun- 
dle), 6 p r men w tc & dyed showing gloves, 1 p r men's Buckskin 
ditto (in a bundle), 3 pr s men's wash gloves, 2 p 1 ' Black Spanish 
leather Garters, 3 pr. scarlet Garters, 1 pair knee Garters & 
Buckles, 1 p r yellow shalloon q l 30 yards, 4 oz. yellow mohair, 1 
gross Brass Coat Buttons, 1 gross ditto breast do. , a superfine 
Drab Cloak. 



(Virginia Historical Society MSS. Collections.) 

The following letters were addressed by the famous ' ' Light 
Horse Harry" to Governor Reed, of Pennsylvania: 

My dear Sir: 

The period is at length arrived when I must move for the 
southern army. Want of cash detains us for a day — tomorrow 
we are to reviewe; the day following we march. As we pass 
thro, the city, I mean to gratify myself with a personal adieu. 
But my feelings command me to seperate with more solemnity. 
Therefore I honor & please myself with wishing you in writ- 
ing every public success & private felicity. I do it, not only 
from my individual attachment, but, sir, because I rate you as 
one of the instruments selected by providence to extricate this 
unhappy country from its very pressing embarrassments. 

I have the honor to be with singular attachment & respect 
your ob. sevt. 

Henry Lee, Gen'l. 

Philad\ May 17th, '8o. 

Advanced post, June 20th, '80. 
My dear sir: 

Since my junction, which was the second day after we passed 
Philad e , every measure with us seemed to be in consequence of 
something from them. The arrival of S r Henry from Charles- 
town has urged us to motion. The main body of the army 
under his Excellency decamped last night, pointing its march 
toward the N. River. A secondary body remains in this coun- 
try. Gen. Greene commands. My corps continue here, & with 
a detachment of Infantry form the advance. On my reaching 
the army, I was immediately ordered to the front, & honored 
with the command on the lines. In consequence of which line 
of life, I know the springs of action in both armys. Be assured 
that the enemy conduct themselves with much wisdom. Not 
only their movements are material &. military, but their positions 


are circumspect, & their discipline rigid. A very different chief 
Mr. Clinton from S r Will. Howe. They have made two fruitless 
excursions on my post; we have made prisoners one Lt. & his 
party — every day we kill, & are killed. 

I have proposed this day to make an attempt on Mr. Kinsi- 
hausen with three hund' 1 men. My object is to bring off a pic- 
quet, & oblige Mr. Kinsihausen either to extend his picquets or 
to contract his lines. His caution has worked so far on him, as 
to induce him to proximate his picquets to his camp, least the 
former might be taken off. I am now speaking of his right 
flank — his left is secured by the Elizabeth town creek ; it is on 
his left I mean to strike seriously, & to storm his right. The 
alarm on his right I expect will shew him the impropriety of 
having his piquets so near his lines, as it is certain that in such a 
position his army is liable to surprize. He will therefore extend 
his picquets on his right; if he does, the prosecution of my plan 
orders them to be cut off at some opportune moment. This 
being done, he will necessarily contract his lines, or reinforce his 

Either of these objects will be very important to us; the first 
liberates E. town, the second prevents any important movement 
in another quarter. 

How this reasoning will relish I do ul know; I fear the general 
will not consent because it might produce the loss of 20 or 30 
lives in the operation of the plan. 

But done with these matters; I cannot but express my happi- 
ness in the movement taking place toward the N. river. 

The enemy are about one third superior to us in number; wis- 
dom on our side will effectually prevent any injury to us; the 
succour we expect from our Countrymen will give us in time the 
ability of offence. In the interim, while the main body prepares 
a position capable of releiving W. point if beseiged, or of strik- 
ing on the enemy's right should they advance on Gen'l Greene, 
we shall be safe. The moment we lay und r cover of the moun- 
tains in one body, the enemy will possibly hurt us by their 
maneuvres. This let 1 is all in hurry. I should not have wrote, 
only because of my wishes to add to the gratification of a gen- 
tleman who struggles with such ardor & wisdom pro bono pub- 


May your efforts be properly seconded. We look to you & 
your State. 

I have the honor to be your friend & ser. 

Henry Lee, Gen'l. 

Stony Point, July 18th '79, 

11 O'clock at Night. 
Dear Sir: 

I wrote your Excellency by Mr. Gordon, since which the 
object which has engaged our attention from the commencement 
of the campaign is no more. • 

Previous to this an official account of the enterprize on the 
night of the 15th might have reached Congress. For your sat- 
isfaction I furnish the particulars. 

Early on the morning of the 15th I received orders from Gen- 
eral Wayne to join the Light Infantry with my Corps. The 
general was so polite as to shew me his disposition of attack, & 
as my station was the post of intelligence, he also consulted with 
me on the lines of approach. 

The right column und. the command of Gen. Wayne took the 
route along the beach, crossed the morass up to their knees in 
mud & water & moved on the enemy' left. 

Col. Butler commanded our left column & made his way thro' 
the marsh over the relicts of the bridge altho' the passage was 
very difficult & defended by a work in twenty yds. of it. A feint 
was made in the center. My corps of infantry annexed pro tern 
only, followed on in the rear of the two colums, as a reserve. 

The troops rushed forward with a vigor hardly to be paral- 
lelled & with a silence which would do honor to the first veterans 
on earth. A spirit of death or victory animated all ranks. Gen. 
Wayne has gained immortal honor, he received a slight wound, 
one proof that providence decreed him every laurel in her gift. 
Every other officer acquired fame proportionate to his opportu- 
nity. The storm was more rapid than can be conceived & in 
fifteen minutes works were carried with the loss only of eleven 
killed on the spot, which every officer engaged reckoned could 
be purchased by the sacrifice of nothing less than every third 
man. Lt.-Col. Fleary led on the right, Major Stewart the left. 


Capt. Lawson & Lt. Gibbons who conducted the vans of the 
columns, distinguished themselves by their valor & coolness. 

We captured the whole garrison excepting a few who gott off 
in boats. One hundred of them were killed & wounded, four 
hundred & forty four inclusive of eighteen officers have marched 
on toward Lancasf. The humanity' of the Americans perhaps 
never was more conspicuous than on this occasion. , 

Altho. from the repeated cruelties of the enemy exercised on 
our countrymen, known by all & felt by many, from the nature 
of assaults by storm & particularly in the dead of night, yet I 
can venture to affirm, the moment a surrender was announced 
the bayonet was laid aside. » 

The British officers are candid enough to declare their grati- 
tude for the lenity of their treatment. 

May this fresh proof of the magnanimity of our soldiers tend 
to civilize our foe; if it does not, it must & will be the last. 

Fifteen cannon, mortars, howitzers, &c. were found in the 
fort, an abundance of military stores & a quantity of baggage. 
The most valuable of these are safe; the rest are now burning. 
Some unfortunate accidents have prevented till too late the 
intended attack on Verplank's point. Gen 1 Clinton is at hand 
& we have evacuated Stoney point. 

I fear the consequences from this signal success will not be 
adequate to moderate expectations, our not possessing both sides 
has compelled us to relinquish the one; it is probable it will be 
repossessed by the British and of course our old position will be 
reassumed, a position which both policy & comfort conspire to 

Tomorrow perhaps W. Clinton's intentions will begin to shew 
themselves. Should any thing turn up & I should be among 
the fortunates, you may expect to hear from me, provided you 
assure me that my hasty, incorrect epistles are not dysagreeable. 

I have long wished my Corps was legionary. The event of 
the 15th makes me more anxious on this head. His Excellency 
has been pleased to flatter me with Mr. Dane's incorporation. 
It is now before Congress. I shall be very unhappy if it does 
not succeed as the mode of carrying on the war now renders 
infantry absolutely necessary for the accomplishing of any thing 
clever. I wish you would think of me on this occasion. Two 


companies of Infantry besides Mr. Clanes are now und. my com- 
mand; but as it is but a temporary annexion, I conceive it use- 
less to establish the police most advantageous to Partizan officers, 
& do not therefore receive their full use. Please make my 
most respectful compliments to your Lady & believe me to be 
with great sincerity, 

Your aff. hum. serv 1 , 

Henry Lee, Gen'l. 

Easton, 6th August, 'So. 
Dear sir: 

When I wrote your Excellency last, I had not received my 
particular instructions, & only knew what I then expressed. 

On the 3d, General Greene's orders, enclosing a warrant for 
the impress of such a number of waggons as the transportation 
of ordinance, military stores & provision from Easton & Sussex 
county might render necessary, reached me. Since which, I 
have been engaged in waiting on the Magistrates of this county. 
I have experienced from them the utmost zeal, & yesterday the 
quotas of the several townships were fixed for the furnishing one 
hund' 1 four horse waggons, including the eleven already in ser- 
vice. I have made a requisition for the same number from 
Berks, & flatter myself my application to the Magistrate will 
meet with equal success. Tomorrow I mean to move into Burk 
county, where I shall also require one hund. waggons. My 
requisition will extend to the upper part of the county only. 
Having accomplished this business, I then rejoin the army. My 
efforts in Jersey are successful, so much so that probably the 
Berks teams will not have objects for employ on this route. Of 
this I shall be able to inform more accurately toward the close of 
my business. In the execution of my orders, I have as yet been 
only in the service of the Magistrate. No occurrence will influ- 
ence me to act otherwise, unless something remarkable, and 
then I shall follow the advice of the people. 

In my last to your Excellency on the subject of existence to 
my corps, I stated the just claims of my officers. 

I did it with candor & respect, nor do I see where or how it 
was exceptionable. I continue to think that the Pensylvanian 
officers under me have the same right to their proportion of the 


draughts as the officers of the P. Division. I might be satisfied 
with the answer the council has been pleased to give me. I 
have but one way to redress myself, & I presume my country- 
men will justify me in so doing, when they know that I con- 
ceived it injurious to honor to serve in an army where distinctions 
were established, repugnant to that equality which by compact 
was the basis of the American service. I cannot be happy when 
I am told you may draw support to your body, but shall not 
command your proportion of men. 

The small number due from this state can advantage us but 
little; of course it is not the loss of the men so much as the 
establishment of the principle which hurts me. Other States I 
suppose will treat us in the same manner, & at the close of this 
campaign my small corps will be reduced to a mere party. 
However, I have learnt the art of being happy under distress. 
I have done my duty so far as I know how, faithfully. My let- 
ters to the several governments will shew my officers my endev- 
ors to procure soldiers for them, & my conscience will acquit 
me if forced to relinquish a command I most sincerely love. 

I have the honor to be, sir, with the most perfect respect & 
esteem your Excellency's most ob. serv. 

Henry Lee, Gen'l. 
His Exc y Joseph Reid, yd. 


July 21st, 1698. 
Mr. Cornelius Serjeant: 

Sr. I received severall letters from you last year & the last by 
Capt. Jones wt. acct. of sales acct. Curr' inclosed therein, theacct. 
of Sales of my Tobo. I do not at all like, for I must esteem you by 
your letters & the sales there made to be but a very ordinary 
Market man, for if all the Tobo. I had sold about that time which 
was not inconsiderable, both at Bristol, London, Plymouth, & Liv- 
erpool, ordinary Tobo. yielded me as good & some a better 
price, my own stemmed sweet scented so far beyond, that I have 


hardly patience to look upon your Acct. You charge me in 
your Account for a Charter party drawing & give me notice of 
the same in your letter, & on the back side of your letter there's 
a draught of a charter party with my name mentioned therein, 
but why I must be charged for a charter party & not have it, I 
cant tell, but this I can tell, that if freight had ruled here above 
the rate taken by the charter party it was at the master's cour- 
tesie to let me have any for I am sure for want of it, I could 
neither compell him nor protest against him, nor indeed dis- 
creetly or legally demand it, what you kept the charter party 
there for I cant imagine, for if it was complyed with, the charter 
party is useless & void, if not complyed with, their charter party 
would be produced against you for damages so that your keep- 
ing the charter party, if it were not ignorantly done, was only to 
bring me under the necessity of paying freight, if freight was 
high here. However, because I do not love trouble I have com- 
plyed with the certain freight, though to my damage, I have also 
charged a note upon you to pay Mr. Mason ^85. 1. 8. which 
pray let be answered him. I am 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. Cornelius Sergeant, 

Tobacconist, &c. 

July 21st, 1698. 
Honoured Sir: 

I received your single letter of the 10th January date, & 
heartily congratulate your hopeful expectation of recovery from 
your unwelcome, tedious & most uneasie companion the Gout, 
which I pray God may fully answer your hopes. As to your 
wonder that I have never been troubled therewith I'll tell you 
Sr. I never much frequented Bacchus Orgyes & always avoided 
Ceres' shrine, & never was one of Venus' Votarys. To speak 
to you I never courted unlawful pleasures with women, avoided 
hard drinking as much as lay in my power, & always avoided 
feasting & consequuntly the surfeits occasioned thereby, tell your 
Doctr. this, & he will conclude I am not near being his patient 
yet. I thank you Sr. for your generall news in this letter, & 
have been & am now longingly expecting your particular news 
in your letter yet to come, which now would be most gratefull & 


acceptable, & so will be for the future if you please & think it not 
too much trouble to hold this kind correspondance by yearly 
letters. Indeed did I know your mind, I believe I might con- 
sign you a little sweet scented Tobo. yearly, which pray by the 

next let me know. The tenth is always the worst, therefore 

fearing the last effects of your Distemper may be troublesome 
enough without my Impertinencys, I shall only request you to 
make my most humble service acceptable to your good Lady, & 
to desire your self to receive the same. 

Affectionately from, 

To Mr. Henry Hartwell, 

Merchant in London. 

July 26th, 1698. 
Mr. John Cooper: 

Sr. I have writ you formerly very large both as to Mr. 
Nicholas Hayward's business & Mr. Jno. Taylor's, which I hope 
will come safe to your hand & then I assure myself you will use 
your utmost endeavor to secure my Interest with them, within 
this four or five days I hope to send the duplicates thereof, for 
fear of miscarriage. This comes in haste to inclose a bill of 
Loading for thirteen hh 11 " of stemmed sweet scented Tobo. two 
more unstemmed, sweet scented in all fifteen hh ds in Capt. Alli- 
son which I am well assured will prove good Tobo. & hope you 
will get a good market for the same. Pray be sure by the first 
conveniency to send me a full account of my whole business & 
my Account Currant also by this ship. I have sent you also ten 
3 inch black walnut plank, which comes freight free, & hope it 
will come to a good Market. Pray by the first conveniency of 
a London ship bound for this River send me in these things fol- 
lowing (viz): 2 quilts, A side saddle, A large Silver Salt, A 
pair women's gallooned shoes, A table, Pair of stands, Case 
Drawers & looking Glass Answerable, Two large leather Car- 
pets, Two gall. Florence Oyl, a set of Dressing boxes ^answer- 
able to the Table & stand, &c, A box of Glass iii quarries with 
lead answerable in Diamond cut, containing about 80 or 100 feet, 
Six three quartered lacken book frames for pictures well bur- 
nished, About 40 or 50 shillings worth of colours for painting 


vvt. pencils walnut Oyl & Linseed Oyl proportionable together 
with half a doz. 3 quarter clothes to set up a painter. Sr. Fail 
not of sending me in the goods according as is directed on the 
other side & one again I desire you to send me in my Acct. 
Currant by the first conveniency. If Capt. Allison comes to you 
with protested bills of Exchange of Mr. Henry Wharton's drawn 
upon Capt. Thomas Wharton for ^5 pay the £5 & send me in 
the protested bills of Exchange; if he gives you a full and ple- 
nary & legall power to get them here, otherwise pay no money. 
If I have any more to add I shall take the next conveniency but 
pray be mindful of all the affairs now & formerly sent for see me 
my goods in a ship bound for Potomack if possible but take the 
bills of Loading to be delivered at my landing let the freight be 
what it will, otherwise I had better have no goods. Your 

To Mr. Jno. Cooper. 

August 24th, 1698. 
Mr. George Mason: 

Sr. This comes only for cover of this small bill of Exchange 
for £t>- 14. o. sterling drawn by Capt. Joseph Luffe upon Mr. 
Goltey, which please to receive for my use. I have writ you 
largely by Capt. Jones who I hope will be with you before the 
receipt of this, & therein you will find my whole desires & 
affairs, which I hope you will pursue & give me notice thereof 
by the first & all conveniencys, which I shall longingly expect, 
& you may assure your self will be most acceptable to 

Sr. Your Wff. 
To Mr. George Mason, Merchant in Bristol. 

April 26th, 1699. 
Mr. John Pemberton: 

Sr. That I have been quiet with you so long has been 
because L had no opportunity of freight to your Port; this oppor- 
tunity by Mr. Rymer gives me the opportunity of renewing my 
acquaintance by letters & Dealings & now have sent you four 
hh ds of choice sweet scented stemmed Tob° & weighty, for which 
I hope & expect a good Market, but if at the first Landing Tob° 


below, & if there be any probable expectation of a higher Mar- 
ket within a twelve month following rather keep it by you than 
sell it at an under rate, for I have no occasion to charge bills or 
send for goods till I have account from you of the sale of my 
Tob°. Inclosed is the bill of Loading for the same, which I am 
sure you will take care to dispose of to the best advantage of Sr. 

Your Wff. 
To Mr. John Pemberton, Merchant in Bristol. 



Inspector General's Office, 

Washington. D. C, September 1, 1898. 

Editor Virginia Historical Magazine, Richmond, Va. 

Sir: Among the Washington papers in the State De- 
partment are a number of polls of electors in Fairfax and Fred- 
erick counties, in elections in which Washington was a candidate 
for the House of Burgesses, extending from 1758 to 1765. I 
enclose one of the earliest of these, that for Frederick county, in 
1758, which you may publish if you see fit. I think it is inter- 
esting. You will observe that each elector voted for two candi- 
dates, if he wished. The list I have copied is in Washington's 
own writing, and was arranged in alphabetical order by him from 
another list among the papers, which was copied from the poll- 
books in the order in which the v$tes were cast. There is also 
among the papers a list of the polls for an election of Burgesses 
in Fairfax County, in 1748, in which " Major Washington" and 
others were candidates. On this is endorsed, in the writing of 
Tared Sparks, a note that this must have been Lawrence Wash- 
ington (who was a major at that time), as George was then only 

sixteen years old. 

Very truly, 

A. C. Ouisenberry. 



An Alphabetical Poll for Frederick County, Taken 
the 24TH Day of July, 1758. 

For Colo. 

Robert Ashby, 

Thos. Ashby, 

Robert Allan, 

John Ashby, 

Stephen Ashby, 5 

Rev. John Alderson, 

John Allan, 

John Arnold, 

James Burn, 

Dennis Bow, 10 

Christopher Beiler, 

And w Blackburn, 

James Ballinger, 

Jacob Burner, 

Jno. Bombgardner, 15 

Sam'l Blackburn, 

Thos. Babb, 

Chas. Baker, 

Sam'l Beam, 

Reynold Baldwin, 20 

Rich d Barber, 

John Blair, 

Jacob Bowman, 

Geo. Bower, 

Henry Biber, 25 

Martin Black, 

Philip Babb, 

James Burne, 

Wm. Baldwin, 

Joseph Burdon, 30 

James Blair, 

Henry Brinker, 

Chas. Barnes, 

James Barret, 


Wm. Barrett, 

Jno. Briscoe, 

Thos. Babb (son of Phil), 

George Bruce, 

Henry Bowen, 

Thos. Babb, Jr., 

Peter Babb, 

Joseph Babb, 

Bryan Bruin, 

John Buckley, 

Jacob Barrett, 

Joshua Baker, 

Colo. John Carlyle, 

Docf Jas. Craik, 

Wm. Cock ran, 

And w Calvin, 

Martin Cryler, 

Simon Carson, 

Chris 11 Clark, 

David Chester, 

Jacob Cochener, 

Thomas Chester, 

John Cook, 

Henry Cloud, 

Nath 1 Carr, 

Mathew Colman, 

Edward Corder, 

Wm. Cromley, 

Robt. Cunningham, 

Jno. Cromley, 

Jos. Calvin, 

Jacob Cowper, 

Thos. Carney, 

Wm. Cocks, 










Valentine Crawford, jr., 

John Colston, 70 

Thos. Cooper, 

Jno. Chinoweth, 

Wm. Coil, 

Jas. Carter, jr., 

Edw. Cartmell, 75 

Wm. Carrel, 

James Catlet, 

Fredk. Conrad, 

Nath 1 Cartmell, 

Jos. Combs, 80 

Wm. Chambers, 

Charles Dick, 

John Dyer, 

Edward Dodd, 

David Dedrick, 85 

Thos. Doster, 

John Dow, 

Patrick Duncan, 

Isaac Evans, 

Wm. Evans, 90 

Jos. Edwards, Jr., 

Wm. Ewings, 

Thomas, Lord Fairfax, 

Paul Frouman, 

Richd. Foley, 95 

Abr m Fry, 

Jacob Fry, 

Joseph Fry, 

Benj. Fry, 

Henry Funk, 100 

Martin Funk, 

Joseph Fossett, 

Saml. Fry, 

Joseph Funk, 

Jno. Funkhauser, 105 

Richd. Fossett, 

Wm. Frost, 

Matthias Funk, 

Geo. Farrar, 

Isaac Foster, no 

Col. Geo. Wm. Fairfax, 

John Fossett, 

Capt. Jno. Funk, 

John Glenn, 

David Glass, 115 

James Grinnan, 

Wm. Glover, 

Wm. Gaddis, 

Jos. Glass, 

Robt. Glass, 120 

John Grinnan, 

Chrisf Grable, 

Philip Glass, 

Adam Hunter, 

Noah Hampton, 125 

John Harbinger, 

Rev d John Hoge, 

George Hardin, 

Jno. Housman, 

Jas. Hoge, jr., 130 

Henry Heth, 

George Henry, 

Nich s Hanshaw, 

Thos. Hart, 

Robt. Harper, 135 

Geo. Huddle, 

Murtle Handley, 

Jno. Harrom, 

John Hope, 

Jacob Hite, 140 

Colo. John Hite, 

Isaac Hite, 

Peter Jordan, 

Aaron Jenkins, 

Daniel Johnston, 145 

Robt. Johnston, Gent., 



Stephen Johnston, 

Joseph Jones, 

John Jones, 

Wm. Jolliffe, Jr., 150 

Gabriel Jones, Gent., 

George Keller, 

James Knight, 

Fielding Lewis, Esqr. , 

Thos. Lemon, 155 

Joseph Lupton, 

Wm. Lupton, 

Edward Lucas, 

Samuel Littler, 

James Loyd, 160 

And'w Longacre, 

Jos. Langdon, 

Geo. Mich. Louenger, 

Francis Lilburn, 

Geo. Lochmiller, 165 

Isaac Laren, 

Robt. Lemon, 

Rev'd Wm. Meldrum, 


David Miller, 170 

Robt. Marney, 

Jos. McDonnell, 

David Morgan, 

Wm. McMahan, 

Richd. McMahan, 175 

Jno. Milburn, 

Jas. McGill, 

Robt. McCoy, 

Jacob Morgan, 

Laughlen Maddin, 180 

Jos. McCormick, 

Jno. Maddin, 

James McCormick, 

John McCormick, 

Henry Moore, Gent., 185 

Robt. Milburn, 

Darby McCarty, 

Wm. Monger, 

Wm. Miller, 

Thos. Mason, 190 

Darby Murphey, 

Pat. McDaniel, 

Lewis Moore, 

George Nevil, 

Samuel Odle, 195 

Isaac Perkins, 

Nichs. Princeller, 

Mich'l Poker, 

Wm. Patterson, 

George Paul, 200 

Chas. Perkins, 

Lawrence Pence, 

Wm. Pickering, 

Jesse Pugh, 

Thos. Postgate, 205 

Josiah Pemberton, 

Jos. Parrell, 

Jno. Parrell, 

Peter Perry, 

Philip Poker, 210 

Thos. Perry, 

Azariah Pugh, 

Jonathan Perkins, 

Wm. Russell, 

John Road, 215 

Capt. Robt. Rutherford, 

Thos. Reece, 

Jacob Reece, 

Henry Rinker, 

George Ross, 220 

Patrick Rice, 

Edward Rice, 

George Rice, 

Wm. Reynolds, 



Isaac Riddell, 225 

Henry Reece, 

Win. Roberts, 

Wm. Roberts, jr., 

John Reed, 

Ulrich Rubble, 230 

Cornelius Ruddell, 

Lt. Chas. Smith, 

Jno. Smith, 

Peter Stephens, 

John Snap, 235 

John Snap, Jr., 

Dan'l Stover, 

Henry Stephens, 

Jacob Strickler, 

Benj. Strickler, 240 

David Snodgrass, 

John Snodgrass, 

Sam'l Smalsolfer, 

Nichs Schrack, 

Ulrich Stoner, 245 

Robt. Stewart, 

Jacob Sowers, 

Jon. Seaman, 

Jno. Strickly 

Jno. Sewell, 250 

Jacob Sebert, 

Jos. Strickler, 

David Shepherd, 

John Small, 

Thos. Shepherd, 255 

Lewis Stephens, 

Jacob Stover, 

Dennis Springer, 

Rich* 1 Stephenson, 

Edw. Snickers, 260 

Law. Snap, 

Robt. Stewart, 

Dan'l Stephens, 

Geo. Shade, 

Thos. Speake, 265 

Jos. Thompson, 

Evan Thomas, 

Jno. Thomas, 

Sam'l Taylor, 

Anth. Turner, 270 

Ellis Thomas, 

Anth. Turner, Jr., 

Harr a Taylor, 

Edw. Thomas, 

Alex. Vance, 275 

James Vance, 

Sam'l Vance, 

And w Vance, 

John Vanmeter, 

Abram Vanmeter, 280 

Jno. Vestal, 

Jacob Vanmeter, 

John Vance, 

Henry Vanmeter, 

Jno. Fred Vanfagan, 285 

Colo. James Wood, 

Alex. Woodrow, Gent. , 

Peter Woolf, 

Isaac White, 

Geo. Whitsel, 290 

James Wright, 

Robt. Wilson, 

Geo. Wright, 

Jacob Wright, 

David Wright, 295 

Chr. Wendall, 

Aug. Wendall, 

James Wilson, 

Robt. Wilson, Junr. , 

Thos. Wilson, 300 

Val. Wendall, 

Thos. Waters, 



Jos. Wilkinson, 
Robt. Worthington, 
Ralph Withers, 
Jno. Wilson, 


Jno. Wright. 
Wm. White, 
John Young, 


For Colo. Martin. 

Robert Ashby, 
Thos. Ashby, 
Robert Allan, 
John Ashby, 
Stephen Ashby, 
Rev. John Alderson, 
Jno. Armstrong, 
James Burn, 
Dennis Bow, 
And w Blackburn, 
Jacob Burner, 
Jno. Bombgardner, 
Sam'l Blackburn, 
Chas. Baker, 
Sam'l Beam, 
Reynold Baldwin, 
Rich'd Barber, 
John Blair, 
Jacob Bowman, 
Geo. Bower, 
Henry Biber, 
Martin Black, 
James Burne, 
Henry Brinker, 
Chas. Barnes, 
Jno. Briscoe, 
Bryan Bruin, 
John Buckley, 
Tobias Burk, 
John Bentley, 

Jno. Burden, 
Geo. Bowman, 
Samuel Baldwin, 
Benj. Blackburn, 
5 Jno. Becket, 
Jno. Baylis, 
Charles Buck, 
Colo. John Carlyle, 
Docf Jas. Craik, 

10 Wm. Cockran, 
Martin Cryler, 
Simon Carson, 
Chris D Clark, 
David Chester, 

15 Jacob Cochener, 
Thomas Chester, 
John Cook, 
Henry Cloud, 
Nathl. Carr, 

20 Mathew Colman, 
Jacob Cowper, 
Wm. Cocks, 
Thos. Cooper, 
Edw. Cartmell, 

25 James Catlet, 

Fredk. Conrad, 
Jos. Combs, 
Wm. Chambers, 
James Carter, 

30 Wm. Chaplin, 









Thos. Caton, 

Thos. Colston, 

James Cromley, 

Win, Calmes, 

Charles Dick, 65 

John Dyer, 

David Dedrick, 

John Dow, 

Patrick Duncan, 

Wm. Duckworth, 70 

Wm. Evans, 

Jos. Edwards, jr., 

Wm. Ewings, 

Henry Easton, 

Thos. Ellis, 75 

Thomas, Lord Fairfax, 

Paul Frouman, 

Richd. Foley, 

Ab m Fry, 

Jacob Fry, 80 

Joseph Fry, 

Benj. Fry, 

Henry Funk, 

Martin Funk, 

Joseph Fossett, 85 

Sam'l Fry, 

Joseph Funk, 

jno. Funkhauser, 

Richd. Fossett, 

Matthias Funk, 90 

Geo. Farrar, 

Col. Geo. Wm. Fairfax, 

John Fossett, 

Capt. Jno. Funk, 

John Fife, 95 

Martin Funk, 

David Glass, 

James Grinnan, 

Wm. Glover. 

Jos. Glass, 100 

John Grinnan, 

Christr. Grable, 

Philip Glass, 

Edw. Griffith, 

Jacob Gibson, 105 

Adam Hunter, 

Noah Hampton, 

John Harbinger, 

Rev. Jno. Hoge, 

George Hardin, 1 10 

Jno. Housman, 

George Henry, 

Geo. Huddle, 

John Hope, 

Stephen Hotzenbell, 115 

Robt. Halfpenny, 

Godfrey Humbert, 

Thos. Hampton, 

Robert Haines, 

Colo. John Hite, 120 

James Hoge, 

Thomas Helms, 

Wm. Helms, 

Richd. Highland, 

Peter Jordan, 125 

Robt. Johnston, Gent., 

Gabriel Jones, Gent., 

George Keller, 

James Knight, 

Fielding Lewis, Esqr. , 130 

Thos. Lemon, 

And'w Longacre, 

Jos. Langdon., 

Geo. Lochmiller, 

Isaac Laren, 135 

John Lemon, 

John Leith, 

Nich's Lemon, 



Henry Loyd, 

Jno. Lindsay, 140 

Rev'd Wm. Meldrum, 

Robt. Marney, 

Jos. McDonnell, 

Robt. McCoy, 

Jno. Maddin, 145 

Jno. McCormick, 

Henry Moore, Gent., 

Darby McCarty, 

Wm. Miller, 

Darby Murphy, 150 

Pat. McDaniel, 

Lewis Moore, 

Rich'd Mercer, 

Mayberry Maddin, 

Colo. M. Morgan, 155 

Rich'd Morgan, 

Jacob Miller, 

Edw. Mercer, jr., 

George Nevil, 

Jno. Nisenanger, 160 

Samuel Odle, 

Alex'r Ogleby, 

Nich's Princeller, 

Mich'l Poker, 

Lawrence Pence, 165 

Thos. Postgate, 

Philip Poker, 

Thos. Perry, 

Jno. Painter, 

Robt. Pearis, 170 

Thos. Pugh, 

Sam'l Pritchard, 

Wm. Russell, 

John Road, 

Capt. Robt. Rutherford 175 

Isaac Riddell, 

Wm. Roberts, 

Wm. Roberts, jr., 

Jos. Roberts, 

Edward Rogers, 180 

Corn. Ruddell, 

Jno. Smith, 

Peter Stephens, 

John Snap, 

John Snap, jr., 185 

Dan'l Stover, 

Henry Stephens, 

Jacob Strickler, 

Benj. Strickler, 

Sam'l Smalsolfer, 190 

Ulrich Stoner, 

Jno. Strickley, 

Jos. Strickler, 

Lewis Stephens, 

Jacob Stover, 195 

Rich'd Stephenson, 

Edw. Snickers, 

Law. Snap, 

Geo. Shade, 

Law. Stephens, 200 

Thos. Sharp, 

Jere Smith, 

Peter Stover, 

Wm. Stevenson, 

Jno. Scene, 205 

Jno. Thomas, 

Ellis Thomas, 

Harrison Taylor, 

Zebulon Tharp, 

Simon Taylor, 210 

James Vance, 

Sam'l Vance, 

Andw. Vance, 

John Vance, 

Jno. Fred Vanfagan, 215 

David Vance, 



Jos. Vance, 

James Wilson, 

Wm. Vance, 

Robt. Wilson, Junr. , 

Peter Woolf, 

Thos. Wilson, 


Isaac White, 


Val. Wendall, 

Geo. Whitzel, 

Thos. Waters, 

Robt. Wilson, 

Ralph Withers, 

Geo. Wright, 

Jno. Wright, 

Jacob Wright, 

Wm. Wilson, 


David Wright, 


Robt. Worth, 

Chr. Wendall, 

John Young. 


Aug. Wendall, 

For Mr 

. West. 

Jno. Armstrong, 

John Becket, 

John Arnold, 

Charles Buck, 

John Anderson, 

Josiah Ballinger, 

Christopher Beiler, 

Robt. Buckles, 

James Ballinger, 


And w Calvin, 


Thos. Babb, 

Edward Carder, 

Philip Babb, 

Wm. Cromley, 

Wm. Baldwin, 

Robt. Cunningham, 

Joseph Burdon, 

Jno. Cromley, 

James Blair. 


Jos. Calvin, 


James Barrett, 

Thos. Carney, 

Wm. Barrett, 

Valentine Crawford, jr. 


Thos. Babb, 

John Colston, 

George Bruce, 

Jno. Chinoweth, 

Henry Bowen, 


Wm. Coil, 


Thos. Babb, jr., 

Jas. Carter, jr., 

Peter Babb, 

Wm. Carrel, 

Joseph Babb, 

Nathl. Cartmell, 

Jacob Barrett, 

James Carter, 

Joshua Baker, 


Wm. Chaplin, 


Tobias Burk, 

Thos. Caton, 

John Bentley, 

Thos. Colston, 

Geo. Bowman, 

James Cromley, 

Sam'l Baldwin, 

Wm. Calmes, 

Benj. Blackburn, 


Thos. Cordery, 





Edward Dodd, 

John Keywood, 


Thos. Doster, 

Joseph Lupton, 

Wm. Duckworth, 

Wm. Lupton, 

Henry Easton, 

Sam'l Littler, 

Thos. Ellis, 


James Loyd, 

Wm. Frost, 

Geo. M. Louenger, 


Isaac Foster, 

Francis Lilburn, 

John Fife, 

Robt. Lemon, 

Martin Funk, 

John Lemon, 

Wm. Gaddis, 


John Leith, 

Robt. Glass, 

Nichs. Lemon, 


Edw. Griffith, 

Henry Loyd, 

Jacob Gibson, 

Jno. Lindsay, 

James Hoge, jr., 

James Lindsay, 

Henry Heth, 


Thos. London, 

Nich s Hanshaw, 

Edmond Lindsay, 


Thos. Hart, 

David Morgan, 

Robt. Harper, 

Wm. McMahan, 

Murtle Handley, 

Richd. McMahan, 

Jno. Harrom, 


Jno. Milburn, 

Jacob Hite, 

Jas. McGill, 


Stephen Hotzenbell, 

Jacob Morgan, 

Godfrey Humbert, 

Laughlen Maddin, 

Thos. Hampton, 

Jos. McCormick, 

James Hoge, 


James McCormick, 

Thomas Helms, 

Robt. Milburn, 


Wm. Helms, 

Wm. Monger, 

Rich'd Highland, 

Thos. Mason, 

George Hampton, 

Richd. Mercer, 

Simeon Hyatt, 


Mayberry Maddin, 

Jos. Horner, 

Colo. M. Morgan, 


Jonas Hedge, 

Richd. Morgan, 

Jno. House, 

Jacob Miller, 

Sam'l Isaacs, 

Edw. Mercer, jr., 

Daniel Johnston, 


Jno. Mendenhall, 

Stephen Johnston, 

Morgan Morgan, Jr., 


Joseph Jones, 

Jacob Moon, 

John Jones, 

Jno. Nisenanger, 

Wm. Jolliffe, junr., 

Isaac Perkins, 



Chas. Perkins, 

Wm. Pickering, 130 

Sam'l Pearson, 

Job Pugh, 

Jesse Pugh, 

Jos. Pemberton, 

Jos. Parrell, 135 

Jno. Parrell, 

Peter Perry, 

Azariah Pugh, 

Jon. Perkins, 

Robt. Pearis, 140 

Thos. Pugh, 

Sam'l Pritchard, 

George Pemberton, 

Thos. Reece, 

Jacob Reece, 145 

Henry Rinker, 

George Ross, 

Patrick Rice, 

Edward Rice, 

George Rice, 150 

Wm. Reynolds, 

Henry Reece, 

John Reed, 

Ulrich Rubble, 

Jos. Roberts, 155 

Edward Rogers, 

Lt. Chas. Smith, 

Nichs. Schrack, 

Robt. Stewart, 

Jacob Sowers, 160 

Jacob Sebert, 

David Shepherd, 

John Small, 

Thos. Shepherd, 

Dennis Springer, 165 

Robt. Stewart, 

Dan'l Stephens, 

Thos. Speake, 

Law. Stephens, 

Thos. Sharp, 170 

Jere Smith, 

Peter Stover, 

Wm. Stevenson, 

Jno. Scene, 

John Stroud, 175 

Jos. Thompson, 

Evan Thomas, 

Sam'l Taylor, 

Anth. Turner, 

Anth. Turner, Junr. , 180 

Edw. Thomas, 

Zebulon Tharp, 

Simon Taylor, 

Owen Thomas, 

Jno. Taylor, 185 

Magnus Tate, 

Jno. Vestal, 

Jacob Vanmeter, 

Henry Vanmeter, 

David Vance, 190 

Jos. Vance, 

Wm. Vance, 

Colo. James Wood, 

Alex. Woodrow, Gent., 

James Wright, 195 

Jos. Wilkinson, - 

Robt. Worthington, 

Jno. Wilson, 

Wm. White, 

Robt. Worth, 200 



For Capt. Swearingen. 

John Anderson, 
John Burden, 
Josiah Ballinger, 
Robt. Buckles, 
Thos. Cordery, 
Isaac Evans, 
John Glenn, 
Robt. Halfpenny, 
Robt. Haines, 
Geo. Hampton, 
Simeon Hyatt, 
Jos. Horner, 
Jonas Hedge, 
John House, 
Sam'l Isaacs, 
Aaron Jenkins, 
John Keywood, 
Edward Lucas, 
James Lindsay, 
Thos. London, 
Edmond Lindsay, 
Wra. McGee, 
David Miller, 
Jno. Mendenhall, 

Morgan Morgan, Jr., 25 

Jacob Moon, 

Alexr. Ogleby, 

Wm. Patterson, 
5 George Paul, 

Sam'l Pearson, 30 

Jno. Stroud, 

Owen Thomas, 

Job Pugh, 
10 Jno. Painter, 

Geo. Pemberton, 35 

David Snodgrass, 

John Snodgrass, 

Jon: Seaman, 
15 Jno. Sewell, 

Jno, Stroud, 40 

Owen Thomas, 

John Taylor, 

Magnus Tate, 
20 Alex. Vance, 

Jno. Vanmeter, 

Abram Vanmeter, 

Wm. Wilson, 47 



A List of the Trustees of Hampden- Sidney College in Prince 
Edward county ', from its organization in 1775 to the present, 
gathered from the manuscript records of the Board, and now 
first published with an indication of some of the mayiy rela- 
tionships existing among them. A contribution to the educa- 
tional, social and family history of the State. 

Prepared by Prof. J. B. Henneman. 

!• 1775 — 1790.* Rev. Richard Sankey, of Buffalo Church, 
Prince Edward. 

2 - 1775 — 1793- Rev. John Todd, of Louisa. Prominent in 
petitions for freedom of religious worship. 

3- 1775 — 1776. Rev. Samuel Leake, of Albemarle. 

4- 1775 — 1783 (?). Rev. Caleb Wallace, of "Cub Creek," 
Charlotte. Prominent in petitions for freedom of religious wor- 
ship; migrated to Kentucky and there known as pioneer, pro- 
moter of education, and as judge. 

5- 1775 — 1786. Mr. Peter Johnston, of " Longwood," Prince 
Edward. Donator of land on which college stands; ancestor of 
Johnston family of Virginia, grandfather of General Jos. E. 

6- 1775 — 1818. Judge Paul Carrington, the elder, of " Mul- 
berry Hill," Charlotte. Member of House of Burgesses 1765- 
1775; of Committee of Safety; of Conventions of 1776, 1788, 
etc. ; Judge of Court of Appeals; Father of 42, 46, 75; brother- 
in-law of 10; father-in-law of 21; grandfather of 67, 74, 76, 85, 
101; of the wives of 48, 49, 54, 70, 102; great-grandfather of 
88, 104, 145, 152, 161, 168, and of the wives of 65, 101; great- 
great-grandfather of 186, 193, and of wives of 133, 150. Pro- 
fessor Henry Read Mcllwaine of the college represents the sixth 
generation. Ancestor of numerous students of the college. 

* Date of tenure of office; in some cases extending until successor 
was elected. 


7- 1775 — 1803. Col. John Nash, Jr., of "Templeton," 
Prince Edward. Member of House of Delegates, 1779; Chair- 
man of Prince Edward Revolutionary Committee; brother-in- 
law to 10 and to President John Blair Smith, of the college. 

8- 1775 — 1796. Captain John Morton, of Prince Edward. 
Prominent in petitions for freedom of religious worship; officer 
in Revolution; father of 36; uncle of 23, 40; grandfather of 61, 
and of wife of 51. 

9- 1775 — 1804. Hon. Nathaniel Venable, of " Slate Hill," 
Prince Edward. Member of House of Burgesses, 1767, 1768, 
1769. College was organized at a special meeting of the Pres- 
bytery and citizens at his house, Feb. 1, 2, 1775; its chief con- 
tributor and supporter in the Revolution; brother of 11; brother- 
in-law to 12; father of 21, 33, 37, 53; father-in-law of 45; uncle 
of 38; grandfather of 71. 74, 105, and of wives of 48, 49, 54, 
70, 109; great-grandfather of 88, 104, 145, 161, 168, 179, and 
of the wives of 95, 101, 117, 151; great-great-grandfather of 
186, 193, and of wives of 133, 150. Prof. H. R. Mcllwaine 
represents sixth generation at the college (from 1893). 

10. 1775 — 1817. Col. Thomas Read, of " Ingleside," Char- 
lotte. Member of Conventions of 1776, 1788, etc. Chairman 
of Charlotte Committee. Brother-in-law of 6 and of 7; uncle 
of 49, and so of subsequent relations. 

11. 1775 — 1795. Mr. James Venable, of Prince Edward. 
Brother of 9; brother-in-law of 23, 40; father of 38; uncle of 
21 i 33> 37> 53> etc - ! great-grandfather of wife of Prof. L. L. 
Holladay of the college (1855-1891). 

12. 1775 — 1815. Mr. Francis Watkins, of " Poplar Hill," 
Prince Edward. Clerk of courts for thirty-three years (1783- 
1816); brother- in-law to 9 (they married sisters); brother of 27; 
father of 54; father-in-law of 38, 87; grandfather of 104, 131, 
and of wife of 125; great-grandfather of 186 and of wife both of 
142, and of Prof. L. L. Holladay (1855-1891). 

The above twelve constitute the first and original trustees ap- 
pointed by Hanover Presbytery at a special meeting at the house 
of Hon. Nathaniel Venable on Feb. 1 and 2, 1775. The follow- 
ing five were added by the Presbytery at a meeting on Novem- 
ber 8, 1775. 


l 3- 1775 — 1783. Rev. David Rice, of Bedford. Prominent 
in petitions for freedom of religious worship; removed to Ken- 
tucky, and known as pioneer and father of education and reli- 
gion in that State. 

14. 1775 — -1799- Hon. Patrick Henry, of Prince Edward 
and "Red Hill," Charlotte. Member of the House of Bur- 
gesses; the Orator of the Revolution, Patriot and Governor; 
member of Conventions, etc.; father-in-law of 34; grandfather 
of 142. 

15. 1775 (resigned? no further mention). Col. John Tabb, 
of Amelia. Member of House of Burgesses 1775, 1776; of 
Committee of Safety, etc. 

16. 1775— 1798. Col. William Cabell, of "Union Hill," 
Nelson. Member of House of Burgesses 1757, 1758, 1759, 
1761, 1767, 1768, 1769, 1770, 177 1 , 1774, 1775, 1776, probably 
continuously; member of Senate 1 777-1 779; member of Com- 
mittee of Safety, etc. ; ancestor of numerous students at Hamp- 
den-Sidney ; uncle and father-in-law of 55 ; grandfather of wives 
of 50, 75, 85; great-grandfather of 126, 142, and of wives of 
112, 161; great-great-grandfather of wives of 134, 151. 

l 7- 1775 — 1820. Hon. James Madison (Jr.), of " Montpe- 
lier," Orange. Father of the Constitution and President of the 
United States; advocate for freedom of religious worship; at 
Princeton with Presidents Samuel Stanhope Smith and John 
Blair Smith of the College, and with 4. 

18. 1776 — 1795. Rev. Archibald McRoberts, of Prince Ed- 
ward, vice Rev. Samuel Leake, deceased. Elected by the 
Board to fill a vacancy. 

1776 — 1 78 1, the time of war. The following seven appointed 
by the Presbytery October, 1782, and accepted by the Board 
December, 1782. 

19. 1782 — 1795. James Allen, of Prince Edward (?). Kins- 
man of 20 ? 

20. 1782 — 1816. Col. Charles Allen, of Prince Edward. 
Kinsman of 19? Wife was niece of 9, 11, and cousin of 21, 33, 

37- 33, 53- 

21. 1782 — 1 82 1. Col. Samuel Woodson Venable, of " Spring- 
field," Prince Edward. Officer in Revolution; son of 9; nephew 


of ii ; son-in-law of 6; brother of 33, 37, 53; cousin of 38; bro- 
ther-in-law of 42, 45, 46; father of 74; father-in-law of 48, 49, 
54, 70; grandfather of 88, 104, 145, 161, 168, and of the wives 
of 95, 101; great-grandfather of 186, 193, and of wives of 133, 

22. 1782 — 1784. Hon. William Booker, of Prince Edward. 
Member of Convention of 1776. Father of 52; father-in-law of 

23. 1782 — 1812. Col. William Morton, of Charlotte. .Gal- 
lant officer in Revolution at Guilford C. H. ; member of House 
of Delegates 1779. Nephew of 8; uncle of 36; brother of 40; 
brother-in-law of 12, 27, and father-in-law of 37, 71; grandfather 
of wife of 109; great-grandfather of 179. 

24. 1782 — 1795. Joseph Parkes or Park(e), of Prince Ed- 
ward (?). 

25. 1782 — 1805. Col. Thomas Scott, Sr. , of Prince Edward; 
Member of House of Burgesses 1770, .1771. Father of 35, 41. 
step-father of 49; grandfather of wife of 67, 74; great-grand- 
father of 145, 152, 168, and of wife of 104; great-grandfather of 
186, 193. 

Four more were added by the Board in applying for the char- 
ter from the Legislature in 1783. 

26. 1783 — 1805. Gen. Robert Lawson, of Prince Edward. 
Officer in Revolution; member of House of Delegates 1779, &c. , 
and of Convention of 1788, along with 6, 10, 14, 16, 17. 

27. 1783 — 1820. Col. Joel Watkins, of " Woodfork," Char- 
lotte. Officer in Revolution; tribute as to character from John 
Randolph, of Roanoke. Brother of 12; brother-in-law of 23 
(each married other's sister), 40; father of 48, 59; father-in-law 
of 42 and of President Moses Hoge of the College; grandfather 
of wife of 92, 102; great-grandfather of 139 and of wife of 103, 
133, 142, 150. 

28. 1783 — 1803. Col. Everard Meade, of Amelia. Officer 
in Revolution; member of Senate 1795-6-7. 

29. 1783 — 1810. Richard Foster, of Prince Edward (?). 

The names of all of the preceding, with the exception of 3, 
Rev. Samuel Leake, deceased, 4, Rev. Caleb Wallace removed 


to Kentucky, and 15, Col. John Tabb, twenty-six in number, 
in addition to the President of the College, Rev. J. Blair Smith, 
appear on the charter obtained from the Legislature in 1783. 
(See Hening' s Statutes.) 

30. 1784 — 1807 ( ? ). Hon. Richard Bibb, of Prince Edward, 
vice Rev. David Rice, resigned. Member of House of Dele- 
gates, 1785, 1786. 

31-. 1784 (see 31 below). Hon. William Cowan, Esq., of 
Lunenburg, vice William Booker, deceased. Member of House 
of Delegates, 1800. For sketch of Cowan, see Life of Archi- 
bald Alexander. 

32. 1789 — 1792. Capt. Joseph Moore, of Prince Edward (?). 
Member of Briery Congregation. 

33. 1790 — -1811. Hon. Abraham B. Venable, of Richmond. 
U. S. Senator; President of Bank of Virginia; met death in the 
burning of theatre where Monumental Church now stands. Son 
of 9, nephew of 11, brother of 21, 37, 53; cousin of 38, etc. 

31. 1790 — 1807. William Cowan, Esq., of Lunenburg, vice 
Rev. Richard Sankey. 

34. 1791 — 1792. Col. John Fontaine. Son-in-law of 14. 
(Patrick Henry). 

35. 1791 — 1806. Gen. John B. Scott, of Halifax. Member 
of House of Delegates, 1800. Son of 25, brother of 41, grand- 
father of wife of 104, great-grandfather of 182. 

36. 1792 — 1835. Maj. James Morton,* of " Willington," 
Prince Edward. Officer in Revolution, "Old Solid Column." 
Interested in, and connected with, College for its first sixty 
years; son of 8, father of 61; father-in-law of 51; brother-in-law 
of 47 (they married sisters); cousin of 23, 40, etc. 

37. 1792 — 1839. Hon. Richard N. Venable,* of Prince 
Edward. Member of Convention of 1829-30, with 17. Like 
36 above, and father and brother, connected with College through 
a long and honorable life. Son of 9, nephew of 1 1 ; brother of 
21 > 33> 53! brother-in-law of 45; cousin of 38; son-in-law of 23; 
grandfather of 179. 

* Elected vice Joseph Moore, John Fontaine, and Rev. John Blair 
Smith. (Member of Board, as President.) 


38. 1792 — 1812. Joseph Venable,* of Prince Edward. Mi- 
grated to Kentucky and became Judge. Son of 11; son-in-law 
of 12; nephew of 9; cousin of 21, 33, 37, 53; grandfather of 
wife of Professor L. L. Holladay, of the College. 

39- J 795 — x 797- Rev. Archibald Alexander, D. D. , of 
Charlotte, and Prince Edward. Pastor of Briery and other 
churches; President of the College, 1 797-1 806; Founder of 
Princeton Theological Seminary. Cousin of 44; kinsman of 109; 
father of Rev. James W. Alexander, pastor of Charlotte churches 
like his father, and grandfather of Rev. Henry Carrington Alex- 
ander, also pastor of Charlotte churches and professor in Union 
Theological Seminary, and sometime acting professor in College; 
grandfather of 183. See " Life," by his son. 

40. 1795 — 1816. Maj. Jacob Morton, of Charlotte. Officer 
in Revolution. Brother of 23; nephew of 8; cousin of 36; son- 
in-law of 22. Member of House of Delegates, 1785. 

41. 1795 — 1 8 19. Col. Charles Scott, of Prince Edward (?). 
Member of House of Delegates, 1800. Son of 25, brother of 
35; brother-in-law of 49; father-in-law of 67, 74; grandfather of 
145, 152, 168; great-grandfather of 193 and of wife of Professor 
W. S. Currell, of College (1882-1886). Both 152 and Profes- 
sor Charles Scott Venable are named for him. 

39, 40, 41 elected vice James Allen, deceased; Joseph Parkes, 
resigned; and Rev. John Todd, deceased. 

42. 1795 — 1836. Col. Clement Carrington, of Charlotte, 
vice Rev. Archibald McRoberts, resigned. Officer in Revolu- 
tion. Son of 6; son-in-law of 27; brother of 46; half-brother of 
75; father-in-law of 102 and of Hugh Blair Grigsby, Orator at 
Centennial of College, 1876; uncle of 67, 76, 85, 101. Many 
students of College named for him. 

43. 1796 — 1803. Dr. Robert L. Smith, of Prince Edward. 
Removed from State. 

44. 1796 — 1827. Rev. Matthew Lyle, of Prince Edward. 
Pastor of Briery Church, like his cousin, 39; others in this pas- 
torate were 47, 70, 96, 114; kinsman of 109; grandfather of 156, 
named for him. 

43 and 44 elected vice James Venable, resigned, and John 
Morton, deceased. 


45. 1803 — 1836. Dr. Goodrich Wilson, of Prince Edward. 
Son-in-law of 9, and brother-in-law of 21, 33, 37, 53. 

46. 1803 — 1816. Judge Paul Carrington, the younger, of 
"Sylvan Hill," Charlotte. Member of Senate 1795-6; Judge 
of General Court 1797-1816. Son of 6; brother of 42; half- 
brother of 75; father of 67, 76, 85, 101; grandfather of 152. 

47. 1803 — 1815. Rev. Drury Lacy, of " Mt. Ararat," 
Prince Edward. Class of 1788; Vice-President and ^President 
of the College 1789-1797. Brother-in-law of 36 (married sis- 
ters); father of 60; grandfather of 125, 156. 

48. 1803 — 1835. William Morton Watkins, of Charlotte. 
Member of House of Delegates 1814; class of 1791. Son of 
27; brother of 59; nephew of 12; cousin of 54, 71; nephew and 
namesake of 23; son-in-law of 21, and thus brother-in-law to 49, 
54, 70; grandfather of wife of 138. 

49. 1803 — 1823. Isaac Read, of "Greenfield," Charlotte. 
Nephew of 10; step-son of 25; son-in-law of 21, and thus bro- 
ther-in-law to 48, 54, 70: father of 88, 161; father-in-law of 95, 
101; grandfather of wives of 133, 150; great grandfather of 
Prof. Henry Read Mcllwaine, of the College (from 1893). 

45, 46, 47, 48, 49 elected vice William Cabell, Patrick Henry, 
Everard Meade and John Nash, deceased, and Dr. Robert L. 
Smith, resigned. 

50. 1805 — 1830. James Bruce, of Halifax, vice Col. Thomas 
Scott, deceased. Was married to granddaughter of 16; father 
of Charles Bruce, of "Staunton Hill," Charlotte; in 1857 
' ' nominated to be elected at next annual meeting. ' ' 

51. 1807 — 1831. Rev. John Holt Rice, D. D., of Richmond 
and Prince Edward. Founder of Virginia Evangelical and 
Literary Magazine 1818-1828; founder of Union Theological 
Seminary 1823. Nephew of 13; son-in-law of 36; brother-in- 
law of 61. 

52. 1807 (resigned). Hon. John Booker, of Prince Edward. 
Member of House of Delegates 1805. Son of 22; brother-in- 
law of 40. 

53. 1807 — 1823. William L. Venable, of "Haymarket," 
Prince Edward. Class of 1800. Son of 9; brother of 21, 33, 


37; brother-in-law of 45; nephew of. 11; cousin of 39; father of 
105; grandfather of wife of 151. 

54. 1807 — 1831. Capt. Henry E. Watkins, of Prince Ed- 
ward. Officer in war of 181 2; about class of 1802; member of 
House of Delegates and Senate. Son of 12; nephew of 27; 
cousin of 48, 59, 71; son-in-law of 21, and thus brother-in-law 
to 48, 49, 70, also to 38, 87; father of 104; uncle of 131; grand- 
father of 186. 

55. 1809 — 1830. Hon. William H. Cabell, of " Montevidio," 
Buckingham and Richmond, vice John Booker. Governor, and 
Judge of Court of Appeals. Class of 1789. Nephew and 
son-in-law of 16; father-in-law of 75, 85; grandfather of wife of 
161; great-grandfather of wife of 134. 

56. 1 81 2 — 1843. Wra. Berkeley, of Prince Edward. Father 
of 103; grandfather of 162, 163. 

57. 1812 — 1840. Hon. (Dr.) James Jones, of Nottoway. 
Class of 1 79 1. Member of Congress. 

58. 1812 — 1827. Thomas A. Morton, of Prince Edward. 
Kinsman (?) of 8, 36, 40, etc. 

56, 57, 58 elected vice Abraham B. Venable, deceased, Col. 
William Morton and Joseph Venable, resigned. 

18 1 2 — 1 Si 5, the time of war. 

59. 18 16 — 1837. Henry A. Watkins, of Charlotte. Son of 
27, nephew 12, brother of 48, cousin of 54, 71; brother-in-law 
of 66 (married sisters); father-in-law of 92; grandfather of 
wives of 133, 142, 150, 156. 

60. 1816 — 1820. William S. Lacy, of Prince Edward. Class 
of 181 1. Son of 47, cousin of 61, uncle of 125, 156. Removed 
to Arkansas. 

61. 1816— 1865. Dr. William S. Morton, of Prince Ed- 
ward. About class of 1801. Grandson of 8; son of 36; cousin 
of 60; brother-in-law of 51. His is the longest service (forty- 
nine years) on record; his father (36) was in the Revolution; he 
lived until after the surrender at Appomattox. 

62. 1816 — 1844. Hon. James H. Fitzgerald, of Cumber- 
land, and Fredericksburg. Member of House of Delegates. 
Kinsman of 98, 151. 


63. 1816 — 1824. Maj. Carter Page, of "Willis Fork," 
Cumberland. Officer in Revolution; father of 73 and Professor 
Wm. Nelson Page, of the College; father-in-law of President J. 
P. dishing, and Professor Geo. W. Dame, of the College; grand- 
father of both wives of 137. 

59, 60, 61, 62, 63 elected vice Col. Charles Allen, Judge Paul 
Carrington the younger, Drury Lacy, deceased; Jacob Morton 
and Francis Watkins, resigned. 

64. 1819 — 1848. Hon. John P. Wilson, of "Bonbrook," 
Cumberland. Member of House of Delegates. Father-in-law 
of 166. 

65. 1819 — 1837 (?). Hon. Thomas Miller, of Powhatan. 
Member of the House of Delegates, 18 19. 

66. 1819 — 1841. Col. James Madison, of Prince Edward. 
Brother-in-law of 59 (married sisters). Member of House of 
Delegates, 1837. 

64, 65, 6'6, elected vice Thomas Read, Judge Paul Carrington, 
the elder, and Charles Scott, deceased. 

67. 1S20 — 1829. William A. Carrington, of Halifax, "in 
the room of James Madison, President of the United States, 
resigned" (very different from Col. James Madison, immediately 
preceding); see 17. Grandson of 6; son of 46; nephew of 42, 
72; brother of 76, 85, 101; brother-in-law of 74 (married sisters); 
son-in-law of 41; father of 152; grandfather of wife of Professor 
W. S. Currell, of College. 

68. 1820 — 1839. Hon. William S. Archer, of Amelia, vice 
W. S. Lacy. Member of Congress and U. S. Senator. 

69. 1820 — 1847. Samuel Branch, of Buckingham. Father 
(?) of Prof. Robert G. Branch, of college; kinsman of 169. 

70. 1 82 1 — 1850. Rev. William S. Reid, D. D., of Lynch- 
burg vice Samuel Woodson Venable (his father-in-law). Brother- 
in-law to 48, 49, 54. Tutor and President pro tern of the 
college, 1806. 

71. 1823 — 1839. Hon. Henry N. Watkins, of Prince Ed- 
ward vice Isaac Read. Member of House of Delegates, 1822. 
Class of 1807. Grandson of 9; nephew of 12, 27; cousin of 
48, 54, 59; father-in-law of Rev. Elisha Ballantine, Professor in 
Union Theological Seminary. 


72. 1823 — 1830. Capt. John Miller, of Cumberland, vice 
Wm. L. Venable. Member of House of Delegates, 1822. 

73. 1824 — 1850. Hon. Nelson Page, of Cumberland, vice 
Carter Page, deceased (his father). Member of House of Del- 
egate. Class of '21. Son of 63; brother of Prof. Wm. N. 
Page, of the college; brother-in-law of President J. P. Cushing 
and Prof. G. W. Dame. 

74. 1827 — 1846. Hon. Nathaniel E. Venable, of "Long- 
wood," Prince Edward, vice Rev. Matthew Lyle. Member of 
House of Delegates. Class of 1808. Grandson of 9 and 6; 
son of 21; nephew of 33, 37, 53; son-in-law of 41; brother-in- 
law of 67; father of 145, 168, and Prof. Charles Scott Venable; 
father-in-law of 105; grandfather of 193. 

75. 1827 — 1846. Hon. Henry Carrington, of "Ingleside," 
Charlotte, vice Thomas A. Morton. Class of 181 1. Son of 6, 
by second wife; half brother of 42, 46; son-in-law of 55; father- 
in-law of 161; grandfather of wife of 134. 

76. 1829 — 1840. Gen. Edward Codrington Carrington, of 
Halifax, vice Wm. A. Carrington, deceased (his brother). Offi- 
cer in war of 1812. Member of House of Delegates. Grand- 
son of 6; son of 46; nephew of 42, 75; brother of 67, 85, 101; 
uncle of 152. 

77. 1830 (resigned). Hon. Benjamin Watkins Leigh, of 
Richmond, vice Wm. H. Cabell. Member of Convention of 
1829-30. Kinsman of 12, 27, and their descendants. 

78. 1830 — 1844. William Mynn Thornton, of Cumberland, 
vice John Miller. Member of House of Delegates; about class 
of 1815 (?). Father of 122; grandfather of Prof. James R. 
Thornton, of College, and of Prof. William Mynn Thornton, of 
the University of Virginia (graduate of the College, class of '68). 

79. 1830 — 1847. William Mayo Atkinson, of Petersburg, 
vice James Bruce. Kinsman of President John Mayo P. Atkin- 
son, of the College (1857-1883). 

80. 1831 — 1839. Rev. Benjamin Franklin Stanton, of Prince 
Edward, vice Rev. John Holt Rice, D. D., deceased. Pastor of 
College Church. 

81. 1831 — 1865. Hon. Samuel Clough Anderson, of Prince 
Edward, vice Henry E. Watkins, resigned. Member of House 
of Delegates; U. S. Minister in South America. 


82. 1831 — 1848. Col. Asa Dupuy, of Prince Edward, vice 
Benjamin Watkins Leigh, resigned. Member of House of Del- 
egates 1 822-1 830, 1832, 1835. Uncle of 112; kinsman of 139. 

83. 1835 — 1841. George Morton Payne, of Buckingham, 
vice James Morton. About class of 1812. 

84. 1835 (resigned). James Caskie, of Richmond, vice 
William Morton Watkins. Connected with 55. 

85. 1836 — 1844. Paul S. Carrington, of "Ridgeway," 
Charlotte, vice James Caskie, resigned. Member of House of 
Delegates 1824 (?). Grandson of 6; son of 46; nephew of 42, 
75; brother of 67, 76, 101 ; son-in-law of 55. 

[Same as 54.] 1836 — 1853 (second time). Capt. Henry E. 
Watkins, of Prince Edward, vice Col. Clement Carrington. 

86. 1836— 1838. Hon. William Maxwell, LL. D., of Nor- 
folk, vice Dr. Goodrich Wilson. Member of House of Dele- 
gates and Senate; President of the College 1 838-1 844; later, 
Secretary of Virginia Historical Society, and editor of the 

Virginia Historical Register 1 848-1 854. 

87. 1837 — 1844. James D. Wood, of " Poplar Hill," Prince 
Edward. About class of 181 1. Son-in-law of 12; father-in-law 
of 125 and Prof. Robert G. Branch, of the College. 

88. 1839 — 1844. Isaac Read, of Farmville and Kanawha, 
vice Richard N. Venable, class of '25. Great-grandson of 6 
and 9; grandson of 21; son of 49; brother of 161; uncle of 
wives of 133, 150. 

89. 1839 — 1847. Rev. Theodorick Pryor, D. D., of Notto- 
way, vice Henry N. Watkins. Chaplain, C. S. A. Class of 
"26. Was married three times to kinswomen of 79, 115, 98 re- 

90. 1839 (resigned). Thomas Tredway, of Prince Edward (?) 
vice Wm. S. Archer. Kinsman of 132, 148, 187. 

91. 1839 (resigned). Francis B. Dean, of "The Deanery," 
Cumberland, vice Rev. B. F. Stanton. About class of 181 2. 
Grandfather of 137. 

92. 1839 — 1866. Col. James P. Marshall, of Charlotte, vice 
Wm. Maxwell. Son-in-law of 59; father-in-law of 142. 

(to be continued.) 



Prepared by W. G. Stanard. 

(444) William Tucker [i], Maurice Thompson, George Thomp- 
son, William Harris, Thomas Deacon, James Stone, and Cor- 
nelius Loyd, of London, merchants, and Jeremiah Blackburn, of 
London, mariner, and their associates and company, 8,oco acres in the 
county of Charles City, commonly called Barckley [Berkeley] Hun- 
dred, bounded on the east by the land of Captain Thomas Padlett; be- 
ginning at a small gut that runs into the woods at the west side of the 
Clift of Westover, and on the west at King's Creek, and so up to the 
head of said creek, north into the woods, and likewise from the gut 
north into the woods, and to extend so far between the said creek and 
gut, as should upon an east and west line contain 8,000 acres. Due to 
the said Tucker, &c, by deed of sale from the Adventurers of the Com- 
pany of Barkley Hundred, exemplified under the great seal of Engird. 
The grant to Tucker & Co. by Harvey, February 9, 1636. 


[1] For notices of the Berkeley Hundred Company and plantation, 
see Mr. Alexander Brown's very valuable recent book The First Repub- 
lic in America. Notices of Tucker and the Thompsons have already 
appeared in notes to earlier patents. 

(445) Captain Thomas Willoughby, 100 acres at Musketo Point, 
on the eastern side of the second eastern branch of Elizabeth River, and 
on the west by Warwicksqueake, south by the south branch, and north 
by James River. Due for the transportation of two persons, Thomas 
Price, and William Keliedge. By Harvey, Feb. 13, 1636. 

(446) Captain Thomas Willoughby, 200 acres on Elizabeth River, 
bounded on the north by James River, and on the south by the first 
Eastern Branch. Due for the transportation 0/ four persons: Jon. 
Naroe, Philliph Stevens, Jon. Beadle, Ann Dawson. By Harvey, Feb. 
13, 1636. 

(447) Izabell Thresher, widow, 450 acres on the back creek of the 
new Poquoson, adjoining the land of Thomas Brice. Due viz: 50 acres 
for the personal adventure of her late husband, Robert Thresher; 50 for 
her own personal adventure, and 300 for the transportation of seven per- 
sons: Robert Thresher, Jun'r, Jon. Billings, William Chitwood, Roger 
Lewis, Abraham Pelhire, John Baker, Jon. Pigron. By Harvey, Feb. 
16, 1636. 


(448) Mr. George Mexfve, merchant, 1,200 acres in the county of 
James City, a neck of land commonly called the Rich Neck [1], extend- 
ing from a neck bounded on the west side by a branch of Archer's Hope 
Creek, which divides the said neck from a neck commonly called the 
Barren Neck; and bounded on the east by the main branch of Archer's 
Hope Creek to the head thereof, and from thence in a direct line to the 
head of the said branch. Due for the transportation of twenty-four per- 
sons (names below). By Harvey, February 23d, 1636. 

Edward Hickman, Thomas Andrews, Anthony Skinner, Richard 
Clarke, Symon Lovum, Jon. Doe, Richard Apleton, Anthony Eastin- 
dian [z. e., an East Indian], William Sutton, William Large, John Abra- 
ham, William Stodon, John Bagby, Jon. Ellis, Sam'l Turner, Richard 
Wherwood, John Baker, John Grimes, Thomas Poole, Thomas Taylor, 
Lettice Price, Robert Thomas, Anthony [a] Turk, Jeffrey Hatton. 


[1] Rich Neck passed from Menfye to Richard Kemp and from him 
to Ludwell, and was for several generations the property of that family. 
A number of old deeds relating to it are among the Ludwell Papers in 
the 'Virginia Historical Society Collections. The estate still retains the 

(449) Elizaheth Ballhash, widow, 450 acres in Henrico County at 
Four Mile Creek, adjoining the land late in the possession of Nicholas 
Ballington. Due her by order of Court, dated at James City Dec. 8, 
1636. By Harvey, Feb. 25, 1636. 

(450) John Neale, merchant, 1,500 acres in the County of Acco- 
mack, beginning at a long point on the Seaboard side, and abutting 
north east upon [opposite] Smith's Island. Due for the transportation 
of thirty persons (names not given). By Harvey, June 18, 1636. 

(451 > Richard Cocke [i], 3,000 acres [in Henrico County] bounded 
on the east by the land granted to John Price, and now in the occupation 
of Robert Hollman, and thence extending westerly upon the land of 
Thomas Price, and southerly upon the main river. Due for the trans- 
portation of sixty persons (names below). By Harvey, March 6, 1636. 

Morrice Rose, Thomas Pearson, Symon Morley, Margaret a negro, 
Elizabeth Gargaine, Valentine Fletcher, William Rogers, Thomas Lane, 
Jon. Morlin, Daniel Evans, Ann Barfoote, Richard Hill, Anthony Wak- 
lin, Erasmus Harrison, Jon. Hearne, Joane Ely, Jon. Andrews, William 
White, Jon. Jones, Humphrey Burcher, Henry Powndle, Jon. Williams, 
William Harris, Jon. Chapman, Nicholas Oliver, Jon. Cooke, Henry 
Deacost, Margarett Powell, Mary Husse, William Hastings, Isaac Mor- 
ton, George Harrison, John Smith, James Tompson, John Hewett, Rob- 
ert Cheyney, John Shore, Katherine Shore, James Shore, Richard Cooke, 


Anthony Wygon, Thomas Turner, John Northerne, Robert Lewis, John 
Johnson, John Browne, John Watlin, John Beadell, Robert Brewer, 
John West, William Hunter, Phillip Foster. 

[i] A lengthy genealogy of the descendants of Richard Cocke has 
been recently completed in this Magazine. 

(452) Christopher Woodward, 350 acres on Appomattuck river, 
bounded on the north by the river, on the east by the land of Mr. Wil- 
liam Farrar, and on the west by "the winding river." Due as follows: 
50 acres for his own personal adventure; 50 for the personal adventure 
of his late wife, Margaret; 50 for the personal adventure of his now wife, 
Dorothy, and 200 for the transportation of four persons (names not 
given). By Harvey, March S, 1636. 

(453) Captain John Hobson, Esq., of the Council of State of Vir- 
ginia [1], a tract of land extending from Pagan Point Creek, hereafter 
to be called Hampstead Point, unto Warricksqueake River, to a place 
to be called hereafter New Town Haven, which land is in Isle of Wight 
County. Due to him as a share of his adventure in the time of the 
Treasurer and Company, dated May 2d, 1621. By Harvey, March 16, 


[1] A John Hobson, aged twenty-five, sailed for Virginia in the ship 
Safety in August, 1635. Captain John Hobson, the patentee, was Coun- 
cilor 1636-1637, and probably later. In June of the last named year he 
was in England and about to sail for Virginia. 

(454) Symon Sturges, John Sadler and Richard Quiney [i], of 
London, merchants, a tract of land commonly called Martin's Brandon, 
beginning at the mouth of Upper Chippoke's Creek, and from the mouth 
of said Creek north to the point of Tappahanna Marsh, and from the 
said point up the river side to the mouth of Ward's Creek. Due by 
purchase from Captain Robert Bargrave. By Harvey, March 6, 1636. 


[1] See this Magazine, IV, 315, &c, for a note on the Ouineys and 
Sadters, and the descent of the Brandon estate. Captain John Martin 
owned Martin's Brandon in 1623, and Robert Bargrave probably pur- 
chased from him. 

(455) Robert Kennedye, 600 acres in the Upper County of New- 
Norfolk [Nansemond], on the westernmost branch of Elizabeth River, 
lying on the main river and on a deep creek called Kennedye's Creek. 
Due for the transportation of twelve persons (names below . By Har- 
vey, April 13, 1637. 


Robert Kennedye, Edmund Carwell, Robert Perry, Philip Condell, 
John Waters, Robert Greene, Arthur Taylor, Haman Turner, Jeremiah 
Ward, Henry Baylye, John Garye, Charles Hayes. 

" This patent was renewed in the name of Jonathan Longworth, Chi- 
rurgeon, and 600 acres added. 

Thos. Cooke, CI." 

(456) Robert Page, 500 acres on the westernmost branch of Eliza- 
beth River, and on Four Mile Creek. Due for the transportation of ten 
persons (names not given). By Harvey, April 13, 1636. 

(457) Edmund Scarborough [i], 200 acres in the county of Acco- 
mack, on Magaty Bay. Due: 50 acres for the personal adventure of his 
late father, Captain Edmund Scarborough, and 50 for the personal ad- 
venture of his mother, Hannah Scarborough, 50 for his own personal 
adventure, and 50 for the transportation of a servant, Robert Butler. 
By Harvey, May 18, 1637. 

[1] For note on the Scarborough family, see this Magazine, IV, 316-1S 
and 421-22. 

(458) Edward Major* [i], 450 acres in the Upper county of New 
Norfolk on Nansemond River, and adjoining the land of Daniel Gookin, 
Gent. Due for the transportation of nine persons (names below). By 
Harvey, May iS, 1637. 

Edward Major, Thomas Terrell, William Beates, William Young, 
Arthur Purnell, John Ripple, Richard Grigson, John Griffith. 


[1] Edward Major was member of the House of Burgesses for Upper 
Norfolk (Nansemond), November, 1645, March, 1645-6; for Nansemond, 
October, 1646, April, 1652 (when he was Speaker), and July, 1653 (when 
he is styed " Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Major.") 

(459^ John Redman, of London, merchant, and John Neale, of 
Virginia, merchant, 500 acres called Smith's Island, over against the 
land of the said John Neale. Due for the transportation of ten persons 
aiames below). By Harvey, May 18, 1637. % 

John Headry, James Hutcheson, Henry Normer, Robert Harris, 
Peter Harrenford, Anthony Stonesby, Richard Graves, Robert Stack- 
house, Thomas Sadler, Thomas Mitchell. 

(460) Thomas Meeres [i], 300 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, three miles up Elizabeth River, and adjoining the land of Wil- 
liam Renshaw. Due for the transportation of six persons (names not 
given). By Harvey, May 17, 1637. 



[i] Thomas Meares was a member of the House of Burgesses for 
Lower Norfolk February, 1644-5, October, 1646, and November, 1647 
[Haiing). "Mr. John Meare " and " Mr. Thomas Meare " are named 
in the records of Lower Norfolk in 1639. In the same county, dated 
March, 1640, is the deposition of Thomas Meare, then aged thirty-eight. 
On July 15, 1640, "Mr. Thomas Meere " was appointed a Church-war- 
den. He was a justice of the county in 1645, and on November 3d of 
that year was paid for his services as a Burgess from Elizabeth River 
Parish. On March 15, 1654, there is a record in Lower Norfolk that 
Edward Loyd was acting in behalf of Mr. Thomas Meares, of Provi- 
dence, in Maryland. So by this time the patentee had removed to 

(461) Francis Houfgh, 800 acres in the Upper County of New Nor- 
folk, beginning at the first creek of Nansemond River, on the south 
side of the river, and so extending toward the mouth of said river. 
Due for the transportation of sixteen persons (names not given). By 
Harvey, May 17, 1637. 

(462 ) Francis Houfgh, 100 acres in the Upper County of New Nor- 
folk on the south side of Nansemond River, between the lands of Jos- 
eph Sammon and John Gary. Due him by deed from Humphrey Scone. 
By Harvey, May 17, 1637. 

(463) Francis Houfgh, 200 acres in the County of Upper New Nor- 
folk, between the land of Mr. Richard Bennett and the land granted to 
the said Francis Houfgh. Due him by deed of sale from Humphrey 
Scone. By Harvey, May 17, 1637. 

(464) Francis Houfgh, 400 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, bounded on the east by a creek about three miles from the 
mouth of Nansemond River, and on the north by said river. Due him 
by deed of sale from Joseph Johnson. By Harvey, May 17, 1637. 

Deed from Joseph Johnson, of London, merchant, to Francis Houfgh, 
of Virginia, gent., conveying all the land due to said Johnson in Vir- 
ginia, as by order of Court doth appear, as in part of said Johnson's 
adventure from 1618, until this present year, 1634, whereof land is want- 
ing from four persons transported this year in Captain Tobias Felgate's 
ship. Dated January 25, 1634. Witness: Thos. Dewe [1]. 


[1] Thomas Dew was a member of the House of Burgesses, April, 
1642, for Nansemond (when styled "Captain"), in April, 1652, Novem- 
ber, 1652 (when he was styled "Colonel," and" was Speaker), June, 
1653, November, 1654, and was elected to the Council in March, 1655. 


An anonymous writer in the Southern Literary Messenger stated, in a 
discussion of Virginia affairs during the Civil Wars in England, that he 
kneiv [italics copied] that Col. Thomas Dew was a Scotchman, who had 
been a Cavalier officer, and that his name was really Dhu; but it is not 
believed that this account is correct. Colonel Dew was living in Vir- 
ginia about the time those wars began. Was he the ancestor of the 
family of Dew, of King and Queen county ? 

(465) Benjamin Harrison [i], 600 acres in the county of James 
City, on the south side of James River, about a mile and a half up the 
Upper Chippoke's Creek, on the east side of the Creek, near the land 
granted to Jeremiah Clements, and bounded on the east side by a 
Swamp over against a point called Sandy Point. Due him as follows: 
500 acres granted him by order of Court January 3d, 1635, and also due 
him with the other 100 acres for the transportation of twelve persons 
(names below). By Harvey, May iS, 1637. 

Robert Sorrell, Thomas Essington, Richard James, Richard Court, 
Henry Bagley, Humphrey Compton, John Resburye, David Vaughan, 
Mary , Mathew Payson, Christopher Hargrave. 


[1] Benjamin Harrison, the ancestor of the distinguished family of the 
name seated at "Wakefield," " Brandon," " Berkeley," &c, was clerk 
of the Virginia Council in 1634, and member of the House of Burgesses, 
1642. He was dead in 1649, as in this year there is a grant to Benjamin, 
"son of Benjamin Harrison, deceased." For accounts of the family 
see Keith's Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison and a genealogy in the 
Richmond Critic. 

(466) John Wilkins, 1,300 acres in the Upper County of New Norfolk, 
on the east side of Nansemond River, and on the second creek of said 
river, adjoining the land of James Knott. Due as follows: 50 acres for 
his own personal adventure, and 1,250 for the transportation of twenty- 
five persons (names below). By Harvey, May 18, 1637. 

Bridgett Craft, Agnis Midlum, Rosanna Getman, Henry Medcalfe, 
George Lee, Paul Trevdale, Thomas Vincent, Jane Cluman, Richard 
Graves, Mary Wells, David Lisson, William Woolfe, Richard Locke, 
William Hutchison, Anthony Stensbye, Robert Stensbye, William Mel- 
bourne, Michael Bysant, William Cocker, Rowland Kayne, Thomasin 
his wife, a negro, Stephen Barnett, William Crossman. 

(467) Thomas Addison, 150 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, adjoining the land of Daniel Gookin, Gent., and bounded on 
the south by the river. Due for the transportation of three persons: 
George Borer, Gregory Pagram, and John Powell. By Harvey, May 20, 


(468) William Frye, 250 acres in the county of James City, on 
Chickahominy River, about four miles above Clay Bank, and half a mile 
beyond a red bank. Due for the transportation of five persons: John 
Burden, Mathew Forden, Leonard Chamberlaine [1], Francis Barnett, 
Ursula Smith. By Harvey, May 20, 1637. "This patent was renewed 
August 29, 1643, an d I 5° acres added. 

"Sam'l Abbott, CI." 

[1] Captain Leonard Chamberlain patented, in 1657, a tract of 650 
acres in New Kent county, which, in 1662, was renewed to his son Leon- 
ard Chamberlaine. The will of John Chamberlaine was dated Dec. 8, 
1724, and proved in Essex, Sept. 21, 1725; legatees: son John, son 
Spilsby, god-daughter Grissell, daughter of Thomas Coleman; sons John, 
Leonard and Spilsby to be kept at school until they can read, write and 
learn the rule of three, and practice perfectly; wife Grizell; brother-in- 
law Thomas Coleman, of King and Queen county. Robt. Coleman, of 
Essex, in his will proved in 1713, names his daughter, Grissell Chamber- 
laine. In 1740, Leonard Chamberlaine, of Essex, made a deed for 
certain land, which had been devised him by his father, John Chamber- 
laine, of Essex, deceased. 

An entry, which doubtless refers to the subject of this note, occurs in 
the York county records, where, under date January, 1646, is mention of 
a suit by Leonard Chamberlaine vs. Nicholas Sebrell. A Leonard 
Chamberlaine served in the 7th Virginia Regiment, Continental Line, in 
1776-7. Leonard Chamberlayne and Lucy B. Quarles, both of King 
and Queen county, were married in 1843. 

The name Leonard appears frequently in the English pedigrees of 
Chamberlaine and Chamberlayne. 

(469) Thomas Hampton, 700 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, bounded on the east by Nansemond River, on the south by two 
small Indian fields, near Powell's Creek. Due for the transportation of 
fourteen persons (names below). By Harvey, May 19, 1637. 

George Sheave, William Read, Richard Harris, Elizabeth Harris, 
Thomas Thomas, Elizabeth Thomas, Elizabeth White, Robert Mitchell, 
John White, Edward White, Jarvis Smith, William Ward, Randall 
.Browne, Ann Davenport. 

(470) Thomas Hampton, clerk [minister], 300 acres in the Upper 
County of New Norfolk, bounded on the east by the Nansemond River, 
and adjoining his own land. Due for the transportation of six persons: 
John Bagworth, Edward Dudly, John Bass, Thomas Hampton, Jon. 
Browne, Richard Egleston [1]. By Harvey, May 19, 1637. 


[i] Richard Eggleston, born i6n, came to Virginia in 1635 {Hotteii). 
Richard Eggleston patented 900 acres in James City county in 1653. 
Benjamin Eggleston, of James City county, was whipped and fined in 
1673 for abusing the Governor. It is probable that these Egglestons of 
James City were ancestors of the family of the name in Amelia county. 

(471) John Radish and John Bradwell, 16 acres in the island of 
James City, 1 2 acres thereof abutting eastward on the land formerly in 
the possession of Mary Holland, " westward upon the bounds," south- 
ward upon the highway running close to Goose Hill marsh, and thence 
extending northward forty pole, the said forty pole being the breadth, 
and the length from east to west being forty-eight pole. The other four 
acres adjoining the said land, "Edward Travis [1] his land abutting 
southerly upon it." Due by deed of sale to the said Radish from John 
Baldwin, late of James Island, gent., and one half has been sold by 
Radish to Bradweli. By Harvey, May 20, 1637. 

NOTE. i, 

[1] Edward Travis patented land in James City in 1637. In 1663 
Edward Travis, son and heir of Edward Travis, deceased, patented 326 
acres in James City Island, which had been formerly granted to the said 
Edward Travis, the elder, in 1653. In 1637 Edward Travis, the elder, 
had patented 900 acres on Chippooke's Creek, 200 acres of which had 
belonged to John Johnson, whose " only daughter and heir " Travis had 
married. Edward Travis was a Burgess for James City in 1644. Ed- 
ward Travis, doubtless the younger, died at Jamestown in 1700. An 
Edward Travis, no doubt his son, was living there in 17 19. For further 
notices of the Travis family see William and Mary Quarterly, V, 16. 

(472) Thomas Holt, 500 acres in the Upper County of New Norfolk, 
on the north side of the Eastern Branch of Elizabeth River, and adjoin- 
ing the land of Thos. Renshaw. Due .so acres for his personal adven- 
ture, and 450 for the transportation of nine persons (names below . By 
Harvey, May 22, 1637. 

Thomas Marsh, James Arundell, Yeoman Gibson, John Drake, Wil- 
liam Smith, Toby Smith, Samuel Taylor, George Taylor, Nathaniell 

(473 Henry Woodhouse [i], 500 acres in the Lower County of 
New Norfolk, within the mouth of the second bay proceeding from the 
river, north and south along the bay. Due: 50 acres for his own per- 
sonal adventure, 50 for the personal adventure of his wife, and 400 for 
the transportation of his daughter Elizabeth and seven persons: Henry 
Brightman, Lancelot Wilson, Jacob Brodwater, Jon. Symons, Thos. Sy- 
mons, " Kalmo of Camena, Thomas of Patuxon " [sic]. By Harvey, 
May 20, 1637. 


[i] Henry Woodhouse was born 1607, settled in Virginia, 1637, was 
Burgess for Lower Norfolk, 1647 and 1652, and died in 1653, when his 
will was recorded. He was the son of Henry Woodhouse, Governor of 
the Bermudas, 1623-27, who was the son of Sir Henry Woodhouse, of 
Waxham, by his wife Ann, daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord 
Keeper, and sister of the great Francis Bacon. See the William and 
Mary Quarterly, I, 227, &c. Henry Woodhouse has many descendants 
in Virginia. 

(474) Thomas Davis [i], 300 acres in the Upper County of New Nor- 
folk, on the south side of the Eastern Branch of Elizabeth River, oppo- 
site the land of Thomas Sawyer, five or six miles up the river. Due for 
the transportation of six persons, Joane Jobb, Ann Griffin, George Tal- 
bott, Susanna Bony, Robert Pease, William Pett. By Harvey, May 22, 


[i] Thos. Davis, justice of Nansemond, 1654. 

(475) Thomas Codd, 300 acres in the Upper County of New Norfolk, 
adjoining the land of Thomas Holt. Due: 50 acres for his own personal 
adventure, and 250 for the transportation of five persons (George Haw- 
kins, the only one named). By Harvey, May 22, 1637. 

(476) Thomas Sawyer [i], 300 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, adjoining the land of Thomas Codd. Due for the personal 
adventure of his wife Frances, and the transportation of five persons: 
Thomas Kirbe, John Sykes, Richard Gilyard, Christopher Harman, 
William Packford. 


[1] This name is usually spelt Sayer, but pronounced Sawyer. On 
July 15, 1640, " Mr. Sawyer" qualified as sheriff of Lower Norfolk, and 
held that office in 1642. "Mr. Thomas Sayer" justice of the county, 
October, 1648. In 1672 Francis Sayer was a justice and major of militia 
in Lower Norfolk. In November, 1693, payment was made to " Major 
[Francis] Sayres " for his services as Burgess. 

There is on record among the Lower Norfolk records a deed dated 
March 16, 1710, from Richard Sayer, son and heir of Major Francis 
Sayer, conveying to his brother, Charles Sayer, of Princess Anne county, 
certain land patented by their father in 1684. Major Francis Sayer was 
Burgess for Norfolk county in 1692 [Journal). Charles Sayer was ves- 
tryman of Lynhaven Parish, Princess Anne county, in 1723. Descend- 
ants of the family still remain in that section of the State. 



(477) Thomas Brice, 200 acres in the County of Charles River, situ- 
ated as follows: 100 acres on the back creek of the New Poquoson, 
adjoining Samuel Bennett's first dividend, and the other 100 on the New 
Poquoson, extending into the woods, "commonly called the Black 
Wallnut Necks." Granted to the said Brice by order of Court Aug. 
28, 1633, "being part of five hundred acres by the said order granted 
to the said Thomas Brice, in right of and by guift from S'r John Dan- 
vers, Kt." By Harvey, May 22, 1637. 

(478) William Morgan alias Brookes, 100 acres in the county of 
Elizabeth City, on the narrows of Back River, and adjoining the land of 
John Bowles. Due for the transportation of two servants, Jon. Consta-n- 
tine and John Pagley. By Harvey, May 22d, 1637. 

(479) William Parry, 350 acres in the Upper County of New Nor- 
folk, extending into the narrow of the Eastermost Branch of the Nanse- 
mond River. Due for the transportation of his wife Anne and six 
persons: Elizabeth Greenwood, Richard Ridges, Hugh Jones, Joanna 
Morfee, William Joanes and Joseph Corin. By Harvey, May 22, 1637. 

(480) Thomas Allen, 550 acres in the Lower County of New Nor- 
folk, lying on the first branch that extends southerly out of the first bay 
proceeding from the Long Creek, on the eastern side of the Cheseo- 
peian River, extending toward the great Indian field. Due for the 
transportation of eleven persons (names not given). By Harvey, May 
6, 1637. 

(481) William Prior [i], 200 acres in the county of Charles River, 
on the said river, and adjoining his own land. Due for the transporta- 
tion of four persons: William Percie, William Norton, Ann Powell, 
Ann Cooke. 

[1] Eor a notice of William Prior, or Pryor, see this Magazine, Vol. 
Ill, page 184. 




Of Essex, the Northern Neck, &c. 


5. Alexander 3 Parker, second son, was appointed ensign 2d Va. 
Regiment, Continental Line, September 28, 1775; second lieutenant, 
January 24, 1776; first lieutenant, December 25, 1776; captain, June 1, 
1777; was captured at Charleston, May 12, 1780, and after his release, 
served to the end of the war. On July 12, 1783, he received from Vir- 
ginia a warrant for 5,333^ acres of bounty land. Later, he again en- 
tered the army and was commissioned colonel 5th Infantry, U. S. A., 
May 3, 1808, resigning December 31, 1809. During the second war with 
England, he was a Major-General of Virginia Militia, and saw service. 
He died about 1820, and left descendants in Westmoreland county. 

6. Thomas 3 Parker, third son, was first lieutenant, 9th Y'irginia 
Regiment, JuTy 4, 1776; captain 3d Virginia, April, 1778; transferred to 
the 5th Virginia, February 12, 1778, and served to the close of the Rev- 
olution. On January 8, 1799, he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel, 
8th Infantry, U. S. A., and was honorably discharged, June 15, 1800; 
but on March 12, 1812, was commissioned Colonel 12th Infantry, U. S. 
A.; promoted to Brigadier-General March 12, 1813. He served gal- 
lantly throughout the War of 1812, and resigned November 1, 1814. 
He died January 24, 1820, at "The Retreat," in Frederick (now Clark 
county), and had an only child, Elizabeth, who married U. S. Senator 
Stevens T. Mason, and died without issue. He received, in 1783 and 
1807, 4,555 acres of Revolutionary bounty land from Virginia. 

7. William Harwar 3 Parker, fourth son; served in the Revolu- 
tion as a lieutenant and captain in the Virginia State Navy. He was 
granted, on June 18, 1783, 2,6665-3 acres of bounty land, and on July 12, 
1832, his representatives received 1,333/3 acres additional. He died 
in 1815. He had issue: 9. Foxhall A., A 10. Richard E.^ 11. Colonel 
William C., 4 of Southampton county, died October 26, 1847, aged 55; 
12. Juliet, 4 married Leroy P. Dangerfield. 

9. Foxhall A. 4 Parker was appointed midshipman U. S. N. Janu- 
ary 1, 1808; was captured at sea during the War of 181 2; commissioned 
lieutenant March 9, 1813, commander March 3, 1825, and captain March 
3) J835; placed on the reserve list September 13, 1855, and died Novem- 
ber 23, 1857. He had issue: 13. Foxhall A.* 14. William H. h ; 15. Dan- 


10. Richard Elliott 4 Parker was born in Westmoreland county 
December 27, 1783, and died September 9, 1840. He was a distin- 
guished lawyer; represented his county in the Legislature for a short 
time, and at the beginning of the War of 1812 was colonel of the militia 
in Westmoreland county. He was anxious to go into active service, 
and in the Calendar of Virginia State Papers, Vol. X, 163, is a spirited 
and modest letter, dated September 5, 1812, to the Governor, asking for 
a command. He says: "The intelligence of the unaccountable and, I 
fear, shameful surrender of General Hull has just reached me. It seems 
to me time that Virginia should display her ancient spirit; with the truly 
brave, misfortune only seems to call forth dormant energies, and to 
excite latent powers. The errors we commit teach us how to repair 
them, and in any event the republic is never to be despaired of. In 
common with every Virginian I feel for the public calamity, and wish to 
contribute my mite of service to retrieve the national honor. If the 
quota of Virginia, or any part of it, is ordered to the westward, I am 
anxious to make one. I have Youth and Health, and might supply the 
place of the aged or infirm who could not be so easily spared by the 
State. Under these impressions, I again tender my services, and pray 
that I may not be overlooked." 

Colonel Parker's wish to serve in the West was not gratified, but as 
commander of most of the miliatia defending the Northerri Neck, from 
British attacks, he rendered in 1813 and 1814, very active and valuable 
service. In a letter to the Governor, July 6, 1813, suggesting plans for 
more efficient organization and use of the militia, he concludes : 

"The Executive will excuse the anxiety I feel as to the result of their 
reflection on this subject, when I recollect that during the American 
Revolution every relation I had on Earth old enough to draw a sword, 
and not too old to weild it, were found under the standard of their 
country, when I know that at this moment, almost every one are by 
land or water maintaining their violated rights and avenging our insulted 
honor, I should be an alien to their blood and unworthy the proud name 
' Virginia,' if I did not aspire to the same distinction." 

After the war he returned to his profession, and on July 26, 181 7, was 
elected a judge of the General Court. On December 12, 1836, Judge 
Parker was elected U. S. Senator from Virginia, but resigned March 4, 
1837, to accept a seat on the bench of the Court of Appeals of the State, 
to which he had been elected in February preceding. He had several 
children but orriy one son lived to manhood : 16. Richard? 

13. Foxhall A. 5 Parker, born August 5, 182 1; was appointed mid- 
shipman, U. S. N., March 11, 1837; lieutenant, September 24, 1850, 
commander, July 16, 1862; captain, July 25, 1866, and commodore, No- 
vember 25, 1872. He served with distinction in the U. S. Navy through 
the Civil War, and died June 10, 1879, while commandant of the Naval 


Academy at Annapolis. He was author of " Fleet Tactics Under 
Steam" (1863), " Squadron Tactics Under Steam " (1863), "The Naval 
Howitzer Afloat" (1865), "The Naval Howitzer Ashore" (1865), all of 
which have been text-books at Annapolis; " The Fleets of the World — 
The Galley Period " (1876), and "The Battle of Mobile Bay" (1878). 

14. William Harwar 5 Parker, born October 8, 1826, died ; 

appointed midshipman, U. S. N., October 19, 1841; master, March 1st, 
1855; lieutenant, September 14, 1861. He resigned in i86t, and entered 
the C. S. N. as lieutenant-commander, and served with much gallantry 
until the close of the war. At that time he was commandant of the 
school-ship " Patrick Henry," the naval shool of the Confederacy. He 
was the author of " Instructions for Naval Light Artillery," and " Recol- 
lections of a Naval Officer" (1S83). 

15. Dangerfield 5 Parker, was commissioned second lieutenant, 
3d Infantry, U. S. A., April 26, 1861; captain, October 20, 1S63; major, 
9th Infantry, April 14, 1884, and lieutenant-colonel, 20th Infantry, May 
15, 1889; now on the retired list. He rendered active and efficient ser- 
vice throughout the Civil War in the U. S. Army, and was brevetted 
major, July 2, 1863, for gallantry at Gettysburg, where he was wounded. 

16. Richard 5 Parker, was born in Richmond, October 22, 1810; 
was elected to Congress in 1849, an d while serving in that body was 
elected judge of the General Court. He presided at the trial of John 
Brown. In 1869 he was displaced by the U. S. military authorities. 

Fuller details and additions to this genealogy are desired for publica- 
tion in this Magazine. 


The following account is partly derived from information furnished by 
the late Dr. John R. Baylor, of "Newmarket," to Bishop Meade, for 
his "Old Churches and Families of Virginia, and partly from old family- 
papers, and data collected in the last few years by a member of the 

The Baylors, according to tradition, came from Hungary and settled 
for a short time at Tiverton, Devonshire, England. As appears from 
old letters, they, while living in that county, "intermarried with the 
families of Frere, Courtney, Tucker, Hedgers, Norton and others." 
So Dr. Baylor's account states, but it is evident that some of these inter- 
marriages took place at a much later date, and several'of them in Vir- 

According to the account preserved in the family, John Baylor, who 
was born in 1650, emigrated, together with a brother named Robert, to 
Virginia, and were followed by their aged father, also named John Bay- 
lor. It is possible that this elder John Baylor, had before lived or 


owned property in Virginia, for in 1654 a John Baylor is assessed in 
Lancaster county, with tax on three tithables. 

However this may be, it appears from old papers at "Newmarket," 
that John Baylor, the younger immigrant of the name was a merchant, 
and that after his death his business was carried on by his son, John 
Baylor, who in 1698, married a widow, Mrs. O'Brien, of New Kent 
county, whose maiden name was Lucy Todd. He lived first in Glouces- 
ter county, which he represented in the House of Burgesses in 1692 
{Journal), and afterwards removed to King and Queen, for which he 
was Burgess in 1718 (Burk's Virginia, III). Besides being a planter 
he was a merchant in very extensive business. The books kept at his 
various stores in Gloucester, King and Queen, and New Kent counties 
from 1692 to 1722 are preserved. Mention is made of between six and 
ten ships employed by him, some of which seem to have been his prop- 
erty. Among these vessels were the Tiverton, Hatley, Prince Eugene, 
Mattapony, Ann & Sarah, The Little John, The Spotsylvania, The Hun- 
ter, The Planter, The Greyhound, Berkeley, Calabar and Withers. His 
principal warehouses were at a place called " Baylors " on the Matta- 
pony river, between Walkerton and King and Queen C. H. 

2. John 2 and Lucy Baylor had issue : 3. John\ 3 4. Frances, who accor- 
ding to tradition, died on her wedding day at the age of seventeen. 

3. John 3 Baylor was born May 12, 1705, at Walkerton, King and 
Queen county, and was educated in England at Putney Grammar Shool, 
and Caius College, Cambridge. 

Colonel John Baylor, as was his rank in the Caroline militia, is stated 
to have served under Washington at Winchester. He was a member of 
the House of Burgesses for Caroline from 1740 to 1765 (Journals, Alma- 
nacs, &c). His commission as County Lieutenant of Orange (where 
he owned a great landed estate, and lived during the summer), dated 
1752, is preserved. 

Colonel Baylor was perhaps the leader in the period before the Revo- 
lutionary War in importing and breeding thoroughbred horses. Among 
these were "Sober John " and the famous " Fearnaught, " the bill of sale 
for whose purchase is in the papers at " Newmarket," and is stated to 
be for 1,000 guineas. After Colonel Baylor's death nearly a hundred 
thoroughbred or "blooded " horses, as they were then called, were sold 
by his executors. His portrait, painted in England when he was about 
the age of sixteen, is in the possession of the family. He married, at 
Yorktown, Va., January 2, 1744, Frances, daughter of Jacob Walker, 
He died April 16, 1772. 

Issue: 4. Courtney, 4 who, like her other sisters, was educated in Eng- 
land at Croydon, in Kent. She married Jasper Clayton, of Gloucester 
county, and had four children: Arthur, who married his cousin, Jane 
Hatley Baylor; Baylor, Caroline and Elizabeth, who married Har- 
ris, of Nelson county; 5. Lucy, 4 married John Armistead, and was the 


mother of General Walker Armistead and Colonel George Armistead, 
and the grandmother of General L. A. Armistead; 6. Frances,* married 

Nicholson, and had no issue; 7. Elizabeth,* died unmarried; 5. 

John^ 6. George? 7. Walker? 8. Robert} 

6. John 4 Baylor was born at ''Newmarket," September 4, 1750, 
and was sent at twelve years of age to Putney Grammar School, frpm 
which he was removed to Caius College, where he was a classmate and 
associate with William Wilberforce. While he was in Europe the Let- 
ters of Junius appeared, and, for some reason, he felt so deep an interest 
in them as to transcribe them as they were published. The performance 
of a task so laborious as that involved in the copying of these letters 
from the Public Advertiser as they appeared, the numbers of which 
could have been as well preserved, presents a puzzle which has exer- 
cised the minds of his descendants. This copy is at "Newmarket." 
He married, at St. Olave, Hart Street, London, on November 8, 1778, 
his cousin, Frances, daughter of John Norton, of Gould Square, London. 

John Baylor's portrait, painted while a student at Cambridge, is at 
" Newmarket." 

On his return to Virginia in 1772, he found his father's estate greatly 
involved, and was never able to extricate it, partly on account of the 
troubled years which followed, and partly from his lack of the necessary 
business qualifications. , Much also had been lost through dishonest agents 
and security debts. An expensive scheme of his, which came to nought, 
was the building of a very large mansion house at " Newmarket" — so 
extensive that in the country around it was known as " Baylor's Folly." 
The walls were completed, but there the building ceased; and after 
standing some years even they were pulled down. The plans for this 
house are preserved. 

The "Newmarket" house, with 2,000 acres, being entailed on his 
oldest son, could not be alienated, as was the Orange county land. 
Much of his Caroline land was also sold, and many negroes. It is said 
that 200 of the negroes were bought by Wade Hampton, of South Car- 

John Baylor died at Newmarket February 5, 1808. 

Issue of John and Frances (Norton) Baylor: 9. Frances Courtney, 5 
born October 10, 1779, died April 3, 1780; 10. Courtney Orange, 5 born 

May 31, i78r, married Fox; 11. John? 12. George? 13. Lucy, 

married in 1809 John H. Upshaw, then State Senator; 14. Louisa, mar- 
ried Horace Upshaw; 15. Susannah, married John Sutton, and had one 
son who died young. 

(to be. continued.) 



The alleged descent of Richard Warren, die Puritan, of " Mayflower " 
fame, from John Warren, died 1525, son and heir of William, of Cov- 
erton, Nottinghamshire, second son of Sir Lawrence Warren, of Poyn- 
ton Cheshire, and ante 1475, has been many times refuted by genealogists 
and repudiated by descendants of the " Puritan Father," in spite of Dr. 
Warren's handsome book on the subject, therefore the connection of 
the Puritan with the ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey has not been 
established, as no other descent has been substituted for the above. 

The Warrens of Virginia and Maryland are more fortunate in their 
genealogy, and can trace their ancestry through the Warrens of Poynton 
to the Earl of Warren, which pedigree was printed in two large volumes 
in the last century, by Rev. Dr. Watson, on the occasion of Warren of 
Poynton presenting his claim to descent from the Earls, before Parliament. 
Therein can be found mention, copied from the Warren family papers, 
of the earliest Virginia and Maryland Warren's progenitors, I am sure 
of several generations of Warrens in this country. 

Sir Edward Warren, Knight, of Poynton, Baron of Stockport, born 
1563, died 1609. High Sheriff of Cheshire, knighted in 1599 while serv- 
ing in the Irish wars, who was sixteenth in lineal descent from William 
de Warren, second Earl of Surrey, died 113S, according to Watson's 
" Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey and their Descendants," was the 
immediate progenitor of several early Virginians. Sir Edward had no 
issue by his first wife, a daughter of Sir Edward Fitton, and married 
secondly, circa, isSr, Anne, daughter of Sir William Davenport, of 
Bromall. His fifth child by this marriage was William Warren, who was 
in Virginia between 1633 and 1640. I have no other information of him. 
Sir Edward's son and heir, John Warren, of Poynton Manor, Cheshire, 
died 20th June, 1621; had a son John, baptised in August, 1606, who in 
1642 was living in St. Mary's county, Maryland and was killed in 1644 
by Capt. Thomas Cornwallis and party, in Maryland; I have no infor- 
mation that he had issue. John Warren, of Poynton, who died 1621, had 
as son and heir, Edward Warren, of Poynton, born 1605, died 1667, 
whose third son was Colonel Humphrey Warren, born 7th June, 1632, a 
planter in Charles county, Maryland, 1666, and in 1689 was appointed 
one of the Justices of the Quorum and Coroner, and commander of the 
troops of Charles county, and was a signer of the celebrated " Remon- 
strance " of the Maryland colonists, dated 27th March, 1689. Colonel 
Humphrey's will, on file at Annapolis, is dated 14th August, 1689, 
proved 25th February, 1694-5. He names his sons Notley, Benjamin, 
Charles, John and Humphrey; his wife Margery, and divides about 800 
acres of Charles county land between them. He refers to a legacy from 
"the Hon'ble Thomas Notley" to his son Notley Warren. Thomas 
•Notley, gent., was a Burgess and a member of the Lower House of 


Maryland and an attorney at law; will proved 3d April, 1679. What was 
his relationship to, or interest in Notley Warren, I do not know. Nor 
have I any information as to whether or not Colonel Humphrey War- 
ren's children had issue, excepting in the case of his son, John Warren, 
gent., of Charles county, whose will was proved 13th February, 1713-14, 
but he names only two daughters, Mary and Ann, and his wife Judith. 

The aforesaid Sir Edward Warren, of Poynton, married, thirdly, 
1597-8, Susan, born 1577, died 1636, daughter of Sir William Booth, of 
Dunham-Massey, and had by her Lieutenant Radcliffe Warren, who was 
unfortunately killed in Claiborne's raid on the Isle of Kent in 1635 (I 
have no knowledge of his issue, if any), and Thomas Warren, some of 
whose descendants for several generations are traced by their wills and 
realty transactions. In 1735 he patented 300 acres of land in Charles 
City county, Va. — 150 acres in right of his wife, Susan Greenleaf, widow 
of Robert Greenleaf, "an ancient planter," and 150 acres for the per- 
sonal adventure of himself and two servants. He was a burgess both in 
James City county and in Surry county as late as 1666. He had as second 
wife, marriage contract dated 25th September, 1654, Elizabeth, widow 
of Major Robert Sheppard, of Lower Chipoaks. He had sons, John, 
Richard and Thomas, but by which wife they were is not in evidence. 
The son, Thomas Warren, Jr., lived in Isle of Kent, Md. (as did also 
his brother, Richard), and was a planter, having a farm, seat or manor 
called "Poynton," after the ancestral seat in Cheshire, and was Lieu- 
tenant of the county company of soldiers. His will, dated 19th Decem- 
ber, 1684, proved 28th March, 1685, names his wife as " Elizabeth," but 
in Barton pedigrees she is called "Sarah." She was a daughter of 
Captain William Barton, of Charles county, High Sheriff, Justice, and 
one named in the "List of Good, Honest, Substantial Protestants in 

Lieutenant Thomas and Elizabeth Warren had several children, 
among them Thomas, heir, of Charles county. He was a planter, and 
lived on his plantation called "Frailty." His will, dated 6th January, 
1705-6, proved 23d November, 1710, gives "Frailty" to his wife, Jane, 
and 300 acres of land to son, Thomas; mentions son, Barton, under 
age, and several daughters, and that his wife was with child. This 
minor son, Barton Warren, of Charles county, planter, lived to inherit a 
portion of " Frailty," and by his will, proved 9th March, 1757-8, divided 
a considerable estate among his sons, Notley, John, William Barton, 
Edward and Robert, Mary Musgrove, Jane Hungerford and Susannah. 
This Robert Warren, of Charles county, born 1720, married and removed 
late in life to Tennessee. One of his children, Mary Warren, married 
John Stone, of Charles county, planter, born 1748, died 1776, who was 
a son of Thomas Stone, Jr., of Charles county (a brother of David 
Stone, of " Poynton," the father of Thomas Stone, of Charles county, 
a Signer of the Declaration of Independence), a son of Thomas Stone, 


of "Poynton," Charles county, Md. (a grandson of Captain William 
Stone, first Protestant Governor of the Province of Maryland, 1648), and 
his wife, Elizabeth Warren, one of the daughters of the aforesaid Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Warren, Jr., of Charles county, who died in 1684. 

One of the children of John and Mary Stone, of Charles county, afore- 
said, was the Rev. Barton Warren Stone, a celebrated preacher, whose 
life has been published in book form, born in Charles county, 1772, died 
at Hannibal, Mo., in 1844. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Wil- 
liam Campbell, a captain in 1st Regiment, Virginia Line, 1779, a first 
cousin of Brigadier-General William Campbell, the hero of the Battle 
of King's Mountain, who was the first husband of Elizabeth Henry, a 
sister of Patrick Henry, Governor of Virginia. . The third daughter of 
the Rev. Mr. Stone, Mary Ann Harrison Stone, married, 1821, Captain 
Charles Chilton Moore, of "Forest Retreat," Fayette cq,unty, Ky., who 
served with distinction in the War of 1812. He was a son of William 
Moore, of Culpeper county, Va., 1753-1S18, a Lieutenant in 3d Regi- 
ment, Virginia Line, a son of Samuel Moore, planter, of Charles county, 
Md., and his wife, Charity (widow of Samuel Adams, planter, of Charles 
county, died 1748), daughter of Colonel John Courts, of the manor of 
" Clean Drinking," in Charles (now in Montgomery) county, Md., died 

Colonel Courts was of the family of Courts or Courte, of Stoke- 
Gregory, in Somerset. The founder of the Maryland branch was "the 
Honorable Captain fohn Courte, gent.," who was Burgess and member 
of the Maryland Assembly, and member of the Governor's Council till 
his death in 1697. His son, Colonel John Courts, gent., was, in 1699, 
granted the manor of Clean Drinking (now owned by his descendant, 
Colonel Jones', and, after serving in many public Charles county offices, 
died 1702, having issue the aforesaid Colonel John Courts, who died 
1747. Some of his descendants in the South write their surname as it is 
pronounced, Coates The wife of the aforesaid Captain William Camp- 
bell was Tabitha, 1764-1806, second daughter of Brigadier-General 
William Russell, of Culpeper county, Va., and of "Aspenvale," Wash- 
ington county, Va., Colonel of 13th Regiment, Virginia Line, and first 
Wagon Master General of the Army, so appointed when a delegate at 
the Convention at Williamsburg, 1775. General Russell's first wife was 
Tabitha, die$ 1776, a daughter of the aforesaid Samuel Adams and his 
wife, Charity Courts aforesaid. His second wife was Elizabeth Henry, 
1749-1825, sister of Governor Patrick Henry and widow of the aforesaid 
General William Campbell. General Russell was the son and heir of 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Russell, gent., of Orange and Culpeper 
counties, 1679-1757, High Sheriff and Justice Peace, son of Peter Rus- 
sell, planter, of Orange county, died 1746, and his wife, Sarah. Will 
proved 20th October, 1757. (See William Russell and his Descendants, 
by Mrs. des Cognets. ) Until recently it was supposed that Lieutenant- 


Colonel William Russell — he served in the frontier wars in Virginia — 
was the founder of the Russell family; but now it is known his parentage 
was as here stated, and it is believed that his father came from Mary- 
land. In ftiy enthusiasm in mentioning some of the distinguished men 
of this pedigree I have wandered from my original theme, the Warrens 
of Virginia and Maryland; but I believe I will be forgiven by genealo- 
gists, as I have stated a few facts which should be properly preserved 
in a magazine of genealogy. 

C. H. B. 


The first of whom I have any account in Virginia was Minor l who 
came to Virginia from Wales about the time settlements began to ex- 
tend up and spread out from the Potomac to the Rappahannock. He 
settled in Fauquier county, accumulated a handsome fortune, and died 
about 1771 or 1772. After two visits to Kentucky, he purchased from 
the State of Virginia large and valuable tracts of land, records of which 
are in the clerk's office in Fayette county, Kentucky. Minor left five 
sons and three daughters, John, 2 the oldest, Minor, ;i William, 4 James, 5 
Richard, 6 the youngest, and three daughters. 7 

Minor 3 remained in Virginia, possessed himself of his father's entire 
real estate, lived to a good old age and died in Loudoun county. He 
left a large family of sons and daughters. The sons were improvident; 
the daughters married respectable farmers, one married Moses Gibson, 
of Rappahannock county; one William Gibson, of Fauquier, and two 
married Neals, one of Clarksburg, from which family came Stonewall 
Jackson, and the other of Parkersburg, from which came Gen. Lucius 
Fairchild, once Minister to Spain. Two daughters married Singletons, 
one of whom moved to Kentucky and settled near Paducah, from whom 
descended the Hon. Otho R. Singleton, of Mississippi, and the other 
resided near Winchester, from whom descended the Hon. Washington 
G. Singleton, for some years the United States District Attorney. One 
daughter married a Simpson and lived near Gallipolis, Ohio. Another 
married O'Bannon, of Kentucky. A son of this union married a Miss 
Todd, a first cousin of Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, and with her the future 
Mrs. Lincoln lived until a short time before her marriage. 

William 4 moved to South Carolina before his father's death. He 
married Rosa Hampton, aunt of General Wade Hampton — one daughter 
married Broughton (?); another, Robert Stark; another, John Hamp- 
ton; another, Dr. John Hughes, and Rebecca , and Susan . 

James 5 went to Kentucky at an early day and settled at the falls of 
Ohio (now Louisville). He had a large family of children, two of whom 
settled near Natchez, Miss. One daughter married a Mr. Roberts; an- 


other, Mr. Collins and Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky. From the union with 
the latter was descended the eminent physician, Wm. Chew Johnson. 

John, 2 with his brothers William and Richard, emigrated to South 
Carolina, and settled in Fairfield District. Winnsboro' take# its name 
from them. He and his brother Richard served conspicuously and gal- 
lantly in the Revolutionary war. At one time he was a prisoner of Lord 
Cornwallis, and sentenced to death for an attempt to ambush the gene- 
ral, but was released through the influence of Colonel Phillips, a loyalist, 
to whom special kindness had been previously shown. John's first wife 
was Dorothea Wright, of Alexandria, Va , and the children of the union 
were Anna/ 1 Minor," James, 1 ' John,' 1 Richard/ Wright 1 and Mary.- Do- 
rothea died during the occupation of Winnsboro by Lord Cornwallis in 
1782. In 1784 John 2 married as his second wife Penelope Kirkland, by 
whom he had many children —Joseph,'' Peter,' Daniel, k Harriet, 1 Martha," 1 
Margaret," David, Jefferson, 1 ' Obed,' 1 John' and others dying in child- 
hood. John removed in 1808 to Tennessee, Rutherford county, where 
he died in 1816. 3Ii?v,r h married Mary, a daughter of David and Mary 
Evans. David was a Welshman, who had married a daughter of a 
baronet, granddaughter of an earl, and came to South Carolina in 1787. 
Minor and Mary had nine children — Louisa, who married John Lamar, 
of Georgia, and had issue: Emily, married to A. R. Moore; Mary 
married Dr. David Dailey, of Texas; Martha married L. M. Force and 
Judge Hooper; Dr. Thomas E. married Smith; Harriet married Hugh 
Knox; Susan married James Richardson; Julia married Hooper; John D. 
married Mary Shannon; Dr. David R. E. married Dean; Harriet L. 
married Dr. S. Riley; Dr. George A. married S. S. Jemison. 

Anna 1 married Samuel McKenney, a lieutenant in Morgan's Rifle 
Brigade. James,'' John' 1 and Wright* died without issue. Mary* mar- 
ried Obed Kirkland, and went to Louisiana. Richard Francis* my 
grandfather, moved to Georgia and married Prudence Lamar, by whom 
he had five children — Mary, who married Thomas Lyon, and of their 
issue were Richard, a judge of the Supreme Court of Georgia, John and 
daughters; Susan, who married William Curry, by whom were two 
sons — Jackson C, who died a Confederate captain daring the war be- 
tween the States, and Jabez Lamar Monroe. 

Of John's 2 children by second wife, Harriet' married a Mr. Vauger, 
of Mississippi; Margaret," a Mr. Tucker, of Tennessee; Joseph, 1 ' a 
daughter of Cato West, who was a nephew of General Richard, 6 of 
Mississippi. Cato was a member of the Convention which adopted the 
first Constitution of his State. Peter' went to Texas and married; other 
children went to Mississippi in 1821 with their mother. 

Richard 6 accompanied, while a minor, his brothers John and Wil- 
liam from Virginia to South Carolina. He moved to Tennessee in 18 18, 
and died there. He married Priscilla McKinley by whom he had eleven 
children, all of whom were dead in 1858, except Samuel, who was a 


gallant soldier of the war of 1812 and was with General Jackson in the 
battle of New Orleans. Richard is said to have fought in more battles 
in the Revolutionary War than any Whig in his State, and rose to be 
colonel. His hairbreadth 'scapes and wounds make a thrilling romance. 
Salley's " History of Orangeburg County, South Carolina," and Lan- 
drutn's " Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper South Carolina," 
and "Southern History Association " Magazine, June, 1898, give inter- 
esting details of his valuable services. After the war, he was elected to 
the House of Representatives, and after years of service, voting with 
Calhoun, his colleague, for the war of iSi2, he resigned and moved to 
Tennessee where he died in 18 18. He was a member of the South Car- 
olina Jockey Club, the oldest club in the United States, kept race horses 
and took prizes at the annual races in Charleston. 

[These data, partial and incomplete, have been collected from letters 
of numerous correspondents, members ot the family.] 

J. L. M. Curry. 


Editor Va. Magazine of History and Biography : 

Sir, — Permit me to correct an error appearing in a recent number 
of the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Robert Barret, 
father of Charles and William, Master of Admiral Sir John Hawkins' 
flagship, Jesus of Liibeck, squadron sailing from Plymouth, October 2, 
1567, spelled his name Barret; see Hakluyt, Vols. Ill, IV, p. 239; also 
Alex. Brown, Genesis U. S., Vol. I, p. 6, &c. 

For Charles Barret, co-partner in the Palatinate, New Albion, with 
Earl Plowden, chartered June 2r, 1634, see Hazzard Papers. As to 
how Wm. Barret, warden of the London Co., and author of the True 
Declaration, 1610, spelled his name, refer to Force, Vol. Ill, No. 1; 
Burk, Vol. I, p. 340; Stith, p. 229; Smith, p. 150; Vol. II, 45-65, Alex. 
Brown, Genesis U. S.\ the name is misspelled in your Magazine, No. 3, 
Jan., 97, p. 303, where "JVm. Barrett," Gent., May 17th, 1620, sells one 
share of the London Co., to Sir Henry Crofte. Thomas Barret, son of 
the above, "came over in the greate Abigaile, along with him Lady 
Wyat, the Governor's wife, to superintend the building of ships and 
boats, men not other ' waies ' to be employed; " he established Barret's 
Ferry, over which Lieut. -Colonel Simcoe's Queen's Rangers passed, 
1781, p. 192. 

Chas. Barret, seat Hermitage, Louisa county, will probated February 
24, 1746, co-Burgess with John Chiswell, has land grants 1730-2-4; Rec- 
ords, Burk, p. 

Rev. Robert Barret, rector of St. Martin's Parish, married Elizabeth 
Lewis. A deed recorded in Goochland county, Va., date March 27th, 


!753> from Robert Lewis, wife Jane Meriwether, says, to Rev. Robert 
Barret, of Hanover, husband of my daughter Elizabeth. 

I certifie that Captain Chiswell Barrett, has served as an officer in Col. 
Baylor's Regt. Va. Dragoons from April, 1777 until Feby. 17S2. 

July 16th, 1780. Win, Barret, Capt. Baylor's Dragoons. 

Document 30, page 4, printed Journal of Va. House of Delegates, 
cites Chiswell's name, and the above certificate. 

My grandfather, Wm. Barret, Captain above named, married Dorothy 
Winston in 1784, and the facts stated in the Magazine of History and 
Biography, Vol. V, No. 4, April, 1898, are correct, except as to the 

My father, uncles and aunts and ancestors, and present and past kin, 
do now and ever have from the Province de LeMousin, of Gaul, to the 
present day, written Barret. 

Chiswell and Wm. Barret's names are misspelled in the last Magazine, 
Vol. VI, No. r, page 22, July, 189S. 

Another t is often added to Barret's addition to this city, the old 
Homestead, to Barret Avenue through the same, to Barret Station on 
the Pacific Railroad, St. Louis county, the old farm, though the plain 
writ record and the printed and broad streeted Plat, be before the prin- 
ter's eyes. 

The type setter thinks it an error, and his duty to tip the name with a 
double //. 

Yours very truly, 

Rich'd Aylett Barret. 


( To shozu the Marshall marriage, prepared by Sir Clements Markham.) 

1. Sir John Markham (Judge of Common Pleas , Lord of East Mark- 
ham in Nottinghamshire, A. D., 1396-1409. According to family tradi- 
tion, it was this judge (and not Gascoigne), who committed the unruly 
Prince Hal to prison, as told by Shakespeare in Henry IV. (Sons were 
2 and 3.) 

2. Sir Robert Markham, K. B., of East Markham. 

3. Sir John Markham, K. B. (Lord Chief-Justice of England), A. 
D., 1462-1471. He boldly rebuked and checked the tyranny of Edward 
IV. See Mdcaulay's Essays, I, p. 150, and Hallam's Constitutional 
History, I, p. 526. "A subject," said Chief-Justice Markham, "to the 
King, may arrest for treason, the King cannot, for if the arrest be ille- 
gal, the party has no remedy against the King." 

4. Sir Robert Markham, of Cotham. (Son of Robert 2.) 


5. Sir John Markham, of Cotham (Knighted by Henry VIII at 
Tournayj. (Son of 4.) 

6. Sir John Markham, of Cotham (Lieutenant of the Tower of 
London.) (Son of 5.) 

7. John Markham. (died before his father). (Son of 6.) 

8. Robert Markham, of Cotham, near Newark, in Nottinghamshire. 
(Son of 7, who had children 9, 10, 11 and 12.) 

9. Sir Robert Markham, of Cotham. 

10. Gervase Markham (a well known author, died 1636. ) 

11. Francis Markham. Wrote an account of his life, the manuscript 
of which is still preserved. In it he says: " Then went I with my brother 
Marshall into France, where his father died and left him some goods. 
In which time fell out the Powder Treason, A. D., 1604." 

12. Catharine married John Marshall, of S. Carleton, in Not- 
tinghamshire, and had John Marshall. 

k 13. Daniel Markham. (Son of Sir Robert 9.) Who had 

14. Matthew Markham. Who had 

15. Daniel Markham. Who had 

16. Major William Markham, died 1771. Who had 

17. Dr. William Markham. (Archbishop of York), 1777-1807. 
Who had 

iS. William Markham, of Becca Hall in Yorkshire, died 1815. 
Who had 

19. Rev. David Markham. (Canon of Windsor), died 1S53. Who 

20. Clements R. Markham. 

{Showing the Markham marriage.} 

r. Ralph Marshall (a merchant of the Staple at Lincoln in the 
time of Henry VIII). Had 

2. John Marshall, seated at S. Carleton in Nottinghamshire. In 
1544 he claimed part of the manor of South Muskham, near Newark. 

3. 1558, John Marshall, of S. Carleton. Had 

4. Henry Marshall, married Maud, daughter of William Skrym- 
sher, who died 1556, of South Muskham. Arms granted to him 1st 
June, 1562, of S. Carleton. Had 


5. John Marshall, of S. Carleton, married Catherine, daughter of 
Robert Markham, of Cotham, in Nottinghamshire. Had 

6. John Marshall, of S. Carleton, and a younger son settled in Vir- 
ginia (?). 

7. Ralph Marshall, son of John 6, sold all the lands in Carleton 
and Markham, being a fair inheritance, in 1670. Son settled in Vir- 
ginia (?). 

Prepared by Mrs. Thos. L. Broun. 

Children of Colonel William Fontaine, of the Revolutionary Army. 

( 1 ) William Fontaine, unmarried, and died in early manhood. 

(2) Charles Fontaine, unmarried, and died in early manhood. 

(3) John Fontaine, unmarried, and died in early manhood. 

(4) Alexander Rose Fontaine, died unmarried. 

(5) Louisa Fontaine, died young and unmarried. 
\b) Peter Fontaine, died unmarried. 

(7) James Fontaine, died in 1872. 

(8) Edmund Fontaine, died in 1869. 

(9) Sarah Rose Fontaine, died in J863. 

Children of Colonel William Fontaine, of the Revolutionary Army, 
to-wit: James, Edmund and Sarah Rose, who married and left children. 

1. James Fontaine, married Juliet Morris, of "Sylvania." Issue: 

i<?. William Morris, Professor at University of Virginia. 

2a. James, died in youth. 

3a. Peter, married Mrs. Lydia Laidley. Issue: \b. James Morris; 2b. 
Betsey Suarrier, died in infancy; 3^. Keith Niles. 

4<7. Nancy, died in youth. 

5a. Susan Watson, married Berkeley Minor. Issue: \b. James Fon- 
taine; ib. Berkeley; 3$. Charles Landon Carter, died in infancy. 

6a. John Dabney, died young. 

ja. Charles, died in early manhood. 

8a. Maury, died. 

9«. Joseph Morris. 
10a. Sally Rose. 

(to re continued.) 



The First Republic in America. By Alexander Brown, D. C. L. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, Publishers, 189S. 

The wonderful development of the English settlements in North 
America, and the height of power to which the United States and 
Canada have attained in less than four centuries since the feeble planting 
at Jamestown first established the English on this continent, have made 
everything relating to this colony of intense interest to English speaking 
people; or rather, it should be said, to people of every nation. The 
pilgrims who settled New England have had many historians, and we 
have been made familiar with every incident of interest in their planting, 
and in their previous history. Virginia too has had, from time to time, 
writers who have labored to preserve her early history but none have 
so completely exhausted the subject as Dr. Alexander Brown in his 
" Genesis of the United States," published in 1890, and Mr. Philip A. 
Bruce in his " Economic History of Virginia," published in 1896. 

These writers have drawn from original sources, many of which were 
hidden from previous historians, and their labors have thrown a flood of 
light on the early history of Virginia. In the Genesis, the indefatigable 
labors of Dr. Brown resulted in a chronological arrangement of all the 
documents which he found bearing on the Virginia colony from 1605 to 
the year 1616. The author gives the newly discovered or most im- 
portant documents in full, and makes reference to the others by 
title simply. In his " History of the First Republic in America," he 
tells us he used the papers arranged in the Genesis, and others subse- 
quently obtained, and thus he has made his volume include the years 
1605 to 1627. Not the least instructive part of his work is that which 
shows the interest taken by Spain in the colony, and the unsuccessful 
efforts of the Spanish ministers in London to induce their government 
to destroy it. Catholic Spain, as is well known, claimed the Virginia 
territory as her own, and well she might have resisted the settlement on 
it of Englishmen, carrying English protestant principles, civil and relig- 
ious. The success of the Virginia colony has given the coup de grace 
to Spanish occupancy of this continent. 

Dr. Brown has written his book in the form of a diary. This is very 
convenient for the reader, and the author found it very convenient also 
for indulgence in monologue, in which he freely expresses his opinion of 
actors and actions, and indulges in many guesses where his evidence is 
at fault, using the personal pronoun for the first person with painful fre- 



Although Dr. Brown more than once states that it is the duty of an 
historian to weigh carefully the testimony on both sides, when the facts 
are disputed, he nevertheless has written a book altogether on ex parte 
evidence, as regards the conduct of affairs in England and Virginia, in 
matters which were the subjects of dispute. He is the open advocate 
of the Virginia Company of London under their charters of 1609 and 
16 12, which he extols, and he denounces the charter of 1606, under 
which the colony was founded. He very kindly puts his readers on their 
guard on his title page, where he states that his book is "An account of 
the origin of this nation, written from the records then (1624) concealed 
by the council, rather than from the histories then licensed by the 
crown." The author is, however, forced to use many publications of 
the company made before 1624, and to confess that some of them were 
so colored as to be unreliable. These publications are in the line of the 
policy of the company declared in their first instructions to the colonists, 
that "they suffer no man to return but bypasport from the president and 
counsel, nor to write any letter of any thing that may discourage others." 
The history of the colony in Dr. Brown's volume falls into two parts, 
the first embracing the three years under the charter of 1606, and the 
second, the fifteen years under the charters of 1609 and 1612. The first 
he styles the Royal Charter, the second and third the Popular Charters. 
All three were of course granted by King James, and were thus Royal 
Charters; but the first put the government of the Virginia Company of 
London under the control of the king and his Privy Council, while in the 
others, that company was chartered as a corporation, and allowed to 
manage its affairs independent of royal control, except when they were 
of importance to the State. As to the council in Virginia, however, it 
was controlled by the council of the company in London under all three 
charters, and much more completely under the last two than under the 
first; for by that the council in Virginia elected its own president, who 
was the governor, while he was appointed by the council in London 
under the other two. Under the first the councilmen in Virginia were 
appointed by the London Company, under the others they were ap- 
pointed by the governor; under all three the laws governing the colony 
were formulated by the council in London entirely until 1619, when the 
Virginians were allowed an assembly; and afterwards the acts of that 
body had to be approved by the London Company. 

The instructions given by the council in London to Lord Delaware, 
the first governor they appointed under the second charter, are found in 
Dr. Brown's "Genesis," and they show him to be vested with "abso- 
lute power." Well might Rolfe write in 1616, "The beginning of this 
plantation was governed by a president and council aristocratically, 
* * * afterwards a more absolute government was granted monarch- 
ically, wherein it still contynueth." Dr. Brown, in his attack upon the 
government under the first charter, quotes the first of these words of 


Rolfe, but does not give the last clause, as it conflicts with his theory of 
the freedom of the second charter; and this is a specimen of Dr. Brown's 
fairness in this volume. He has used quotation marks for much of his 
text, but has refrained from informing his readers what authority he is 
quoting, except in rare instances. He need not, therefore, be surprised 
to find his readers, after several experiences like the above, becoming 
somewhat incredulous as to the correctness of his citations. 

It is plain that the colony in Virginia, having its chief officers appointed 
and its laws given by the company in London, was in no sense a repub- 
lic, which is defined to be "a State in which the supreme authority is 
exercised by representatives chosen by the people." But Dr. Brown, 
with strange fatuity, has conceived otherwise, and has named his work 
"The First Republic in America." Nor is his mistake in the name 
merely. He has constructed his work on it, and has held up as patriots 
those who advocated the charters of 1609 and 1612, claiming them to 
have been republican, and denounced those who approved of the first 
charter and desired the king to resume the control of the colony, as its 
enemies. This is the more remarkable when we find that the laws im- 
posed upon the colony under the later charters were tyrannical in the 
extreme, and were executed with great severity by Gates, Dale and 
Argall, governors appointed by the London Company. It is true that 
the granting to the colony the right to an assembly in 1618 was a great 
advance towards the fulfilment of the guaranty to them of the rights of 
Englishmen in the several charters. But that right, without doubt, 
would have been allowed them under the first charter as well, so soon 
as they had settlements enough to enable them to constitute a respecta- 
ble representative body. The grant must have been made with the 
approval of the king, for he did not interfere with it nor withdraw it 
after he resumed control of the colony. It was made during the admin- 
istration of Sir Thomas Smith, whose administration commenced with 
the settlement, and who afterwards urged the king to resume control. 
Captain Smith, in his history, represents the colony as having been suc- 
cessfully planted during the existence of the first charter, and afterwards 
as having been badly managed. These statements Dr. Brown labors to 
prove are false. He displays an intense hatred to Smith, whose charac- 
ter as a man and a writer he endeavors to destroy. Of the twenty-two 
pages of his preface, some eighteen are devoted to a bitter attack on 
him, and he never mentions him in the text except to contradict him, to 
insinuate something discreditable concerning him, or to sneer at him. 
So prejudiced is he towards Smith that he classes the contemporaneous 
writers who have taken a different view of him, as advocates of the 
king's control and enemies of the colony. He thus regards Purchas 
and the author of the Oxford tract of 1612, and the authors they cite, as 
falsifiers of history and hostile to the " First Republic in America." 

The following will illustrate the author's treatment of Smith : In his 


history of the colony Smith states, on the authority of John Rolfe, who 
was in the colony at that time, that "about the last of August (1619) 
came in a Dutch man of warre that sold us twenty negars." This state- 
ment is important, as it marks the introduction of slavery into Virginia, 
then the only English colony. Seemingly because Smith makes this 
statement, Dr. Brown labors to disprove it, and to' show that it was the 
Treasurer, an English ship, that brought in the negroes. This vessel 
came in with the Dutch vessel, called " the man of war of Flushing." 
It was said that the Earl of Warrick was interested in its ventures, and 
that she carried negroes from the West Indies to Bermuda. Dr. Brown 
thereupon concludes that she brought the twenty negroes to Virginia, and 
that Rolfe and Smith made a false statement in order to shield the 

At pp. 146-7 Dr. Brown without the slightest ground, insinuates that 
Captain Smith in 161 1, furnished Velasco, the Spanish Minister, with 
charts of Virginia, and the Atlantic coast between 34 and 52 north 
latitude, and attempts to produce the impression that Smith did not draw 
the map of Virginia which he sent to England as his work. 

Dr. Brown often alludes to Captain Smith in the most contemptous 
manner as "The Historian." He also condemns him for his vanity. 
Has a fellow feeling ceased to make one kind ? 

The germ of free institutions in America is to be found in that section 
of the charter 1606 guaranteeing to the colonists the rights of Englishmen, 
as fully as if they resided in England. One of these, and the most val- 
ued of them, was the right to be represented in the body which enacted 
laws for them. It was the development of this right in America that 
resulted in our political freedom. The germ thus embedded in the first 
charter was nurtured, according to the views of the men in England 
who controlled the London Company. They did not plant that germ, 
they only nurtured it. While the colony was small in numbers, no rep- 
resentative body was allowed them under either of the first three char- 
ters. When they had eleven settlements, they were considered numerous 
enough to have a House of Burgesses, and this was granted them by 
men, some of whom had governed the colony under the first charter. 
An examination of the charters shows, that the London Company had 
power to grant this assembly under the first, as well as under the second 
and third charters, the only difference being the control of the king 
under the first. But we have seen that having granted this with the germ 
of freedom in it, he never interfered with its development into an as- 

Dr. Brown conceives that Captain John Smith conveyed false ideas of 
the first seventeen years of our colonial history, and that the issues he 
raises with him " involve the true basis of our foundation." He accord- 
ingly, in his preface, describes these issues thus: 

(1) "The historic issue is between John Smith, the author, in England, 


and the managers of the movement, on whom the enterprise was de- 
pendent in England and in Virginia." 

(2) "The personal issue is between John Smith, the actor in Virginia, 
and the other counsellors during his time here, and the committees of 
the company in England for the rewarding of men on their merits, whose 
business it was to decide such matters at that time." 

These correspond with the periods into which we have seen that the 
volume naturally falls under the author's treatment, and in discussing 
them we will be able to review these periods. Our discussion will 
necessarily be brief, in order to be limited to the space allowed for this 
review. To notice all of Dr. Brown's errors would require a volume. 

Taking up the second head, as first an order of time, we find that Dr. 
Brown relies on the testimony of Percy, West, Martin, Archer and Rat- 
cliffe, as showing that so far from Smith's services in Virginia being val- 
uable, " he did more harm than good as an actor in Virginia." He does 
not, and cannot, point to such a statement made by any of these men, 
and he only guesses at this opinion, deeming them enemies of Smith. 

Let us examine the characters and services of these men in connec- 
tion with their attitude towards Smith. 

George Percy was the son of the Earl of Northumberland, and was 
a brave but weak man. This was shown by his failure as president after 
Smith left, when in a few weeks the colony was reduced from a thriving 
state to one of abject wretchedness. So reduced in fact that Gates on 
his arrival took the remnant aboard and started for England. This can 
be excused on the ground of sickness, but when he was left as president 
at a later period the affairs of the colony showed his inefficiency. 

The only writings of Percy that we have any knowledge of are the 
extracts from his narrative given by Purchas in his Pilgrimes and by 
Rev. E. D. Neil in the preface to his Virginia Vetusta. In the extracts 
given by Purchas there is no attack upon Smith. The extract given by 
Neil is a mutilated paper on affairs in Virginia from 1609 to 1612, pre- 
pared for his brother, the then Earl, and makes no reference to Smith. 
Neil, however, gives the letter Percy wrote his brother when sending 
him his MSS., and in it is the following excuse for writing: " In regard 
that many untreuthes concerninge theis proceedinges have been formerly 
published, wherein the author hathe nott spared to appropriate many 
deserts to himselfe which he never performed, and stuffed his relacyons 
with so many falsities and malycyous detractions, nott only of this parts 
and tyme, which I have selected to treate of, but of former occurrentes 

No date is given to the MSS. or to this letter, and the only thing we 
have by which to fix its date is a reference to Sir Samuel Argall, who 
was knighted in 1622. Smith's History of Virginia appeared in 1624, 
and his account of the colony from 1609 to 16 12, which included Percy's 
administrations, is taken from the Oxford Tract of 1612, the writings of 


William Block, a colonist, Declaration by the Council 1610, Lord Dela- 
ware's report of the condition of the colony, and Ralph Hamor's account 
of the colony from 161 1 to i6r4, published in 1615. We are told in the 
Oxford Tract that there existed many writings concerning the colony 
between 1609 and 1612. Now an examination of Smith's account during 
this period shows that it is taken entirely from his authorities, and while 
he describes the decadence of the colony after he left in 1609, he lays no 
blame on Percy, who is described as sick up to the time that Gates 
superseded him. Indeed, Smith in his writings is friendly to Percy. 
Again, an examination of Hamor's book will show that he notes, and 
severely condemns, the mismanagement of this and previous periods, 
and as Percy complains of a former work, it is much more probable that 
he refers to Hamor, who published in 1615, only three year's after Per- 
cy's return to England, than to Smith, who published in 1624, a year 
before Percy left England for the low countries. 

Dr. Brown, at page 94, puts into the mouth of Percy a statement of 
misconduct of Smith in winning to him the men that came w?th the ship 
of Gates', but he does not inform us where to find it, and it is not to be 
found in the only two writings of Percy noted by Dr. Brown in his 
" Genesis," nor in any other writings known to us. We are constrained, 
therefore, to require the production of his authority, or to reject the 
genuineness of his quotation. 

Francis West, we are told, had a quarrel with Smith about the loca- 
tion of the settlement at the falls of James river. West wanted it on the 
river bank. Smith very properly thought this would be unhealthy, and 
wished it on the highland. The character of West, however, appears 
most unfavorably in the fact, noted by Dr. Brown, that in January, 16 10, 
when the colony was suffering for food, he was sent in a ship to trade 
with the Indians for corn, which he did successfully, but instead of bring- 
ing it to the suffering colonists, he deserted them, and sailed with his 
provisions to England. But, further, Dr. Brown does not favor us with 
any writings of West in reference to Smith, or which he can guess ap- 
plied to him. 

The character of Captain John Martin is thus forcibly given by the 
council and company for Virginia in 1622 (Neil's Virginia Company <>f 
London, p. 312, &c. ): " It is strange unto them that Captain Martin, who 
is said to have ruined as well his own estate (if ever he had any) as also 
the estate of others who put him in trust (as namely Captain Bargrave), 
and who hath made his own territory there a receptacle of vagabonds 
and bankrupts and other disorderly persons, (whereof there hath bin 
made publique complaint), and who is famous fornothinge but all kinde 
of base condicons, so published in print by the relations of the proceed- 
ings of the colony about 10 years since, and who for the said condicons 
was displaced by Lord Delaware from beinge of the council as a moste 
unworthee person, and who hath presumed of his owne authority, (no 


way derived from his Majestie), to give unjust sentence of death upon 
divers of his Majestie's subjects, and seen the same put in cruell execu- 
tion, should dare offer himself to his sacred Majestie as a agent, either 
for matters of good husbandrie or good order." 

In the same author's Virginia Carolorum, page 26, we find that "on 
15th Janr., 1625, Governor Wyatt and council notified the Privy Council 
in England that they had been forced to suspend Captain John Martin 
from their body." These accounts shown by the company's records are 
not given to but concealed from, his readers by Dr. Brown, with whom 
Captain John Martin is a favorite. Dr. Brown gives us no writings of 
Martin in reference to Smith. 

Gabriel Archer came to Virginia in 1607. Wingfield, who was no 
friend of Smith's, described him as " troubled with an ambitious spirit " 
and " alwayes hatching of some mutiny; in my tyme he might have ap- 
peared an author of 3 severall mutynies." Wingfield tells of Archer 
being sworn by Ratcliffe as a member of the council during Smith's 
captivity among the Indians, " contrary to the king's instructions," and 
of Archer's attempt to have Smith hung on his return, holding him 
criminally responsible for his two men killed by the Indians during his 
absence from his boat. Wingfield also states that after Captain New- 
port's arrival in January, 1608, on an investigatian of affairs, Archer was 
removed from the council, and describes him thus: "Whose insolency 
did looke upon that little himself with great sighted spectacles, derogat- 
ing from others' merites by spueing out his venemous libells and infa- 
mous chronicles upon them, as doth appeare in his owne hand wrighting; 
for which, and other worse trickes he had not escaped the halter, but 
that Capt. Newport interposed his advice to the contrarye." Dr. Brown 
cited Wingfield time and again, but he does not give his estimate of 
Archer, who is another of Dr. Brown's favorites. The only writing of 
Archer that refers to Smith's administration in Virginia is a letter of 31st 
August, 1609, written on the arrival of four of the fleet of Sir Thomas 
Gates, and before the vessel carrying Sir Thomas with the new charter 
and his commission as Governor came in. In this letter Archer says: 
" Now did we all lament the absence of our Governor, for contentions 
began to grow, and factions and partakings, &c. Insomuch as the pres- 
ident (Capt. Smith), to strengthen his authority, accorded with the mar- 
iners, and gave not any due respect to many worthy gentlemen that 
came in our ships; whereupon they generally (having my consent) chose 
Master West, my Lord de La Warre's brother, to be their Governour, 
or president de bene esse, in the absence of Sir Thomas Gates, or if he 
miscarried by sea, then to continue till we heard news from our counsell 
in England. This choice of him they made not to disturbe the old pres- 
ident during his time, but as his authority expired, then to take upon 
him the sole government, with such assistants of the Captains as dis- 
creetest persons as the colonie afforded." 


This letter refers to the fact that these first ships brought news of a 
new charter and Governor, which, however, were to have no authority 
until they were landed at Jamestown, and that Smith refused to surren- 
der his authority as president until such landing, though it was demanded 
by Archer and others; and the mariners sustained him in this position, 
which was evidently correct. It will be noted that Archer does not 
mention Smith's services, but only his position as to the presidency 
before the arrival of Gates with the new charter. 

Captain John Ratcliff 's true name was Sicklemore, and we have no 
explanation why he went under an alias. He was selected president 
after Wingfield was deposed, and we are told by Wingfield that in the 
absence of Smith, and without the consent of Martin, the other council- 
man surviving, he swore Archer in as a member of the council, contrary 
to his oath, and the instructions of the king. He probably joined in the 
condemnation of Smith on his return from captivity, for Wingfield tells 
us that Smith was about to be hung by order of the council, which then 
consisted of Ratcliffe, Martin and Archer beside Smith, when the timely 
arrival of Newport saved him. Ratcliffe's presidency was a failure, and 
he showed his weakness by allowing himself to be outwitted by Powha- 
tan, who murdered him and fourteen of his men in December, 1609. In 
speaking of a trip afterwards up York river, Ralph Hamor describes the 
Indians they met as, "bragging, as well they might, that wee had ever 
had the worst of them on that river, instancing by Captain Ratcliffe (not 
worthy remembering, but to his dishonor) who with most of his com- 
pany they betrayed and murdered." It appears by this that Hamor had 
a poor opinion of Ratcliffe as a man. Smith had been more than a 
match for the wiley chief, but the Indian had overmatched Ratcliffe. 

The only writing of Ratcliffe relating to Smith, of which we have any 
knowledge, is a letter from Jamestown, 4th October, 1609, he having re- 
turned in Gates' fleet with Archer. In this he states : " We heard that 
all the counsell were dead but Captain Smith the President, who reigned 
sole governor, without assisstantes, and would at first admitt of no coun- 
cell but himself. This man is sent home to answer some misdemeanors, 
whereof I perswade me he can scarcely clear himself from great impu- 
tation of blame." These charges are not specified by Ratcliffe, but they 
are given in the Oxford tract, and are of the most trifling kind. Princi- 
pal among them is his refusal to yield his authority before the arrival of 
the new charter. We never hear of these charges in England, and must 
conclude they were dismissed as idle by the council in London. Yet 
Dr. Brown brings up this statement of Ratcliffe time and again against 
Smith. It is apparent however that Ratcliffe does not pretend to relate 
Smith's services in the colony. 

Leaving out Percy, who has not as yet taken his place in the line, these 
inimical witnesses summoned by Dr. Brown in his prosecution of Smith, 
present a beggarly array. And the prosecution is made ridiculously ab- 


surd when we find, that every one of them when called to testify as to 
Smith's services to the colony, stands mute. It has remained for Dr. 
Brown to put into their mouths what he would like for them to say. 

In striking contrast with this lack of evidence on behalf of Dr. Brown's 
prosecution, is the abundance of evidence of Captain Smith's invaluable 
services in Virginia. They are very fully set forth in the historical part 
of the Oxford tract of 1612; not a production of Captain Smith, as Dr. 
Brown would persuade his readers, but written by Richard Potts, a colo- 
nist, and a compilation from "the writings of Thomas Studley, the first 
provant maister, Anas Todkill, Walter Russell, Doctor of Phisicke, 
Nathaniel Powel, William Phettyplace, Richard Wyffin, Thomas Abbay, 
Thomas Hope, Richard Potts, and the labors of divers other diligent 
observers, that were residents in Virginia, and perused and confirmed 
by diverse now resident in England that were actors in the business." 
Thomas Abbay, another colonist, certifies to its correctness, and we 
have evidence that none of Smith's writings were used in the compila- 
tion, as the letter which accompanied it, when sent to Smith, states that 
it was compiled from the discourses and relations " of such which have 
walked and observed the land of Virginia with you." Purchas used the 
same authorities, and others of the same time, knew Smith personally, 
and was a member of the London Company. He was a man of high 
character and great learning, and his account of Virginia affairs in his 
" Pilgrimes " makes Smith the master spirit during his stay in the colony, 
and its real founder. Thus we have the testimony of Purchas to the 
faithfulness of the compilation, and the truthfulness of the authorities of 
the Oxford tract. Smith embodied this tract in his history of Virginia, 
and that history was endorsed as true by Michael and William Phetty- 
place and Richard Wiffin, who came to Virginia with the first supply, 
and by John Codington and Raleigh Crashaw who came with the second 
supply. Thus we have the united testimony of fourteen colonists who 
were in Virginia with Smith, of his services to the colony, and they were 
evidently men of cultivation and character, as is shown by their writings 
being thus treated as authority. It will be remembered also, that the 
Oxford tract was licensed by the crown before the king had any disposi- 
tion to resume control of the colony. Indeed he had just enlarged the 
charter of the London Company. We may sum up the account of Cap- 
tain Smith's services in Virginia, gived in the Oxford tract, as follows: 

He explored the country, and informed himself as to the characteris- 
tics of the natives. He wrote a description of the country and the 
natives, and accompanied it with a map, which are marvels of accuracy, 
considering the circumstances under which they were made. He saved 
the colony from starvation by procuring food from the Indians, some- 
times by trade and at others by force, when they were refused to trade. 
He prevented the abandonment of the colony three times, when it was 
planned by those who are accounted his enemies. He made settlements 


at the Falls and at Nansamund, more healthful for situation than James- 
town. He brought the Indians into subjection, so that they not only 
ceased to annoy the colony, but took care of some of the men during a 
scarcity of food in 1609. He forced the men to clear the forest and plant 
corn and vegetables, so as to make the colony self-sustaining, and at the 
end of his term as president, he left it amply provided with provisions, 
animals and agricultural implements. He thus demonstrated the prac- 
ticability of making permanent the colony. That he was the main stay 
of the colony while he was with it is shown in the Oxford Tract by the 
fact therein stated, that immediately after his departure everything be- 
gan to go to ruin, and when Gates arrived in May, 1610, he found the 
colony in such a hopeless condition that he took the miserable remnant 
aboard and started to sail for England; and had he not met Lord Dela- 
ware in the river with fresh supplies of men and provisions, the colony 
would have been abandoned. The honor of these great services 
awarded Captain Smith by so many of those who served with him in 
Virginia, and never denied him by a reputable historian until the rise of 
Dr. Alexander Brown, is now, forsooth, to be blighted by the breath of 
a Virginian, who aspires to be " the historian " of the colony while under 
the company. 

As to the issue between Captain Smith and the committee of the Lon- 
don Council for rewarding men on their merits, Dr. Brown brings us no 
evidence, and we have very good evidence that Smith's claim was 
allowed, as he is reported by Neil to have said at a meeting of the Lon- 
don Company on 4th February, 1623, " that havinge spent upon Virginia 
a verie great matter, he did by god's blessinge hope to receave this 
yeare a good quantity of tobacco, which he woulde not willingly come 
under the hands of them that woulde performe the buissness for love, 
and not upon good and competent salary." As he had no farm in Vir- 
ginia, he must have expected to receive some of the company's tobacco, 
and he could have had no such expectation except on a favorable report 
from the committee. 

In reading Dr. Brown's statement in his preface of the historic issue 
between John Smith, the author, and the managers of the colony in 
England and Virginia, one finds it hard to pick out of the seventeen 
pages of abuse of Smith, what the author really considers in issue. Let 
us content ourselves with the following statement on page vii : 

" In brief, the real cause of the defailements was not in the managing 
of the business as stated by Smith, and the colony was not brought to 
a good state of forwardness under the king's form of government by 
Smith." The term of Captain Smith's presidency ended 20th September, 
1609, according to Dr. Brown, and he adds (p. 9S), " we have not the 
exact figures, but from contemporary evidences it may be set down as 
certain that the end of September, 1609, saw less than three hundred 
English living in Virginia, and that they were in a most deplorable con- 


dition; but in after years several writers for sundry reasons, which will 
be explained hereafter, deemed it advisable in the interest of the ideas 
of the king, or for personal or other motives, to assert that the colony 
had been brought to a good state of forwardness." Set over against 
this the following statement in the Oxford Tract of 1612, written and 
printed ten years at least before the king is said to have desired to re- 
sume control of the colony, and published by Rev. VVm. Symonds, a 
warm friend of the Company. Speaking of Smith's departure, 4th Octo- 
ber, 1609, this tracts says: "Leaving us thus with 3 ships, 7 boats, 
commodities ready to trade, the harvest newly gathered, 10 weeks pro- 
visions in the store, 490 and odde persons, 24 pieces of ordinances, 300 
muskets, snaphanches and firelocks, shot, powder and match sufficient, 
curats, pikes, swords, and moryons more than men, the salvages their 
language and habitation w 7 ell knowne to 100 well trained soldiers, nets 
for fishing, tools of all sortes to worke, apparell to supply our wants, 6 
mares and a horse, 5 or 600 sheep, what was brought or bread there re- 
mained." Now as the four ships of Gates' fleet came into the river on 
nth August, and had added what they brought to what they found, and 
thus made the list of articles given above, it is evident that Dr. Brown 
has mistated the condition of the colony at the end of September. 

As to the health of the colony, we have the statement of Gabriel Archer 
in the letter heretofore mentioned, dated 31st August, 1609, in which he 
says: "The people of our colonie were found all in health (for the most 
part), howbeit when Capt. Argall came in (a month before), they were 
in much distresse, for many were dispersed in the savage towns, living 
upon their almes for an ounce of copper a day, and fourscore lived 
twenty miles from the Fort, and fed upon nothing but oysters eight 
weeks space, having no other allowance at all, neither were the people 
of the country able to releive them if they would." It will be noted 
that he does not report scarcity after Argall's arrival. 

This billeting among the Indians, and living on oysters, were made 
necessary by the fact that the rats from the ships had destroyed much of 
the provisions of the colony stored in their magazine, and the corn crop 
was not far enough advanced to use as food. But when Smith left in 
October, besides the provisions obtained from Argall, the crop was get- 
ting ripe enough for use. And Archer, so far from disproving the state- 
ment in the Oxford Tract, disproves the statement of Dr. Brown as to 
the condition of the colony. The colony rapidly deteriorated after 
Smith left, and when Captain West ran away in the Swallow to England 
in December or January following, its condition was greatly for the worse. 
The first difficulties with the Indians after the arrival of Archer were at 
the Falls, and are directly attributable to the conduct of West and 
Archer in command at those posts and their men. 

Let us look at the management of the business, and in estimating this 
a comparison of the means used, with the result, will be valuable, if not 


conclusive. During Smith's stay in the colony, nearly three years, the 
London Company sent 295 men, not counting the men in the fleet of 
Gates. When Smith left, 4th October, T609, there were of these very 
certainly 200 living, though Dr. Brown supposes about eighty. Between 
the date of their first charter and 1624, when their last charter was an- 
nulled, they expended, according to Smith, ^200,000, and sent from 
8,000 to 10,000 men. Dr. Brown does not seem to contest these figures 
(page 615), and admits that less than 1,100 men were living in 1624 (page 
612). It will be seen that with all the inexperience of the first three 
years, and the terrible mortality of the first summer, Smith saved a much 
larger proportion of men than the company during its entire existence. 
This lavish expenditure of money and men can only be accounted for 
by mismanagement. Dr. Brown insists that much of the loss of life was 
due to the bad climate. The climate of their settlements had been 
tested by 1609, and we are not told of any sickly places except James- 
town, which had a marsh on one side. It was mismanagement to have 
continued this as the principal settlement, with this knowledge. But we 
have other and abundant evidence that the climate was good, except at 
Jamestown. In the answer of a number of old settlers and mariners to 
the pamphlet of Captain Nathaniel Butler, styled "The unmasked face 
of our colony in Virginia, as it was in the winter of the year 1622," we 
find the statements [Neil's Virginia Company, pages 295-6) that all their 
settlements on James River were " verie healthful and high, except James 
city, which is yett as high as Debtforde or Radcliffe." Keccautan, they 
tell us, was healthy for " well governed men." Dr. Brown tells us, and 
we know it from other sources, that the council in London and the col- 
ony in Virginia blamed each other for the misfortunes of the colony. 
One would think from this that both were more or less to blame, but 
Dr. Brown insists that no one was to blame. Yet the fact is admitted 
by him that diseased men were shipped, and " Pest ships" were used 
in transmitting settlers by the London Council, and not enough provis- 
ions sent to feed the new settlers until they could make crops. And as 
to the colonists, it is apparent that it must have been laziness and want 
of good management, as charged, that prevented them from making 
their own food on the rich James River bottoms. 

The severest arraignment of the managers of the London Company, 
much more severe than anything from Captain Smith's pen, is found in 
the answer of the General Assembly in Virginia to a publication b y 
Alderman Johnson and others defending the administration of Sir Thomas 
Smith (1607 to 1619). It is at page 407 of Neil's history of the London 
Company. Among other things it states: "In these 12 years of Sir 
Thomas Smith his government, we averr, that the colony for the most 
part remayned in gfeate want and misery under the most severe and 
cruell laws, sent over in printe and contrary to the expresse letter of the 
king in his most gracious charter, and mercylessly executed oftentimes 


without tryall or judgement. " This occurred under Dr. Brown's Magna 
Carta of 1609. This paper then goes on to give details of the famines 
the colonists passed through. It represents, " the people never goinge 
to worke but out of the bitterness of theire spirits, threatening execrable 
curses uppon Sir Thomas Smith." It adds " And rather to be reduced 
to live under the like government, we desire his Majesty that commis- 
sioners may be sent over, with authority to hange us." 

As to the management after Sir Thomas Smith's administration, we 
have an account in the petition of Alderman Johnson and others in 
April, 1623, praying the king to appoint a commission to enquire into 
the conduct of the business. This is given in Neil's history of the London 
Company, page 387. After making due allowance for the party spirit 
then existing in the company, we can safely conclude that there is enough 
of truth in these papers to warrant the charge of mismanagement. In- 
deed the very fact that the colonists had been so careless as to allow the 
savages, whose character for treachery they knew, to plan and accom- 
plish the terrible massacre of 1622, is strong evidence of mismanage- 
ment. Mr. Neil, on page 390, quotes a contemporaneous letter of John 
Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carleton, in which it is stated that the Earl 
of Warwick, Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Nathaniel Rich, Sir Henry Milday, 
Alderman Johnson and many more, were in this move to give the king- 
control of the colony again, because of mismanagement. 

But Dr. Brown is filled with admiration of the noble motives which 
actuated the London Company in planting and preserving the Virginia 
Colony; and he denounces Smith for mistaking those motives and charg- 
ing selfishness on the managers. Let us see how the company itself 
stated its motives. We find in the Genesis, at pp. 339-40, their state- 
ment. It embraces three things : First, to Christianize the Indians, sec- 
ond, "to provide and build up for the public Honor and safety of our 
Gratious King and his Estates," a colony in America, third, "the ap- 
pearance and assurance of Private Commodity to the particular under- 
takers by recovering and possessing to themselves a fruitful land, whence 
they may furnish and provide this kingdom, with all such necessities and 
defects under which we labour." These motives soon resolved them- 
selves into the last named, so far as the management was concerned. 
Doubtless many members of the company were actuated by the first 
two, which they called " Religious " and " Noble," but the merchants 
seemed to have controlled the management, and they wished for the 
returns of commerce. No great effort was ever made to Christianize 
the Indians, even by Dr. Brown's account, before the massacre. He 
only names two converts, Pocahontas and Chanco. After that act of 
treachery, there was no pretence of such an effort. The whole aim was 
to kill or drive away the Indians. As to the " Noble " motive of found- 
ing an English dominion in America, that was hardly consistent with their 
effort to cut loose from the authority of the king, and their refusal to 


allow him to resume control of the colony in 1624, when they were as- 
sured of remuneration for their investments. It would have been an 
anomolous sight indeed, to have had a considerable part of the British 
Empire governed by a corporation, independent of the king. Dr. Brown 
himself furnishes abundant evidence of the disposition of the London 
Company to use the Virginia colony for the purpose of their gain. They 
sent to Virginia, goods that could not be manufactured there, on which 
high prices were fixed, and they took in exchange tobacco at a low 
price, fixed by themselves, thus making a large double profit; and this 
became very oppressive to the colony, and aided in the division in the 
company, which caused its downfall. Captain John Smith was not far 
wrong therefore, when he attacked the mismanagement and selfish mo- 
tives of the London Council in their conduct of the affairs of the colony. 
It is but right to forget, as far as possible, the mistakes made in the 
early management of the colony. The conduct of the London Com- 
pany in their persistent determination to make the enterprise a success, 
and the sacrifices of the company and of the colonists in accomplishing 
that success, are beyond all praise. The world should ever hold them 
in grateful remembrance, But Dr. Brown committed a great mistake 
in his bungling effort to depreciate some of the noblest of these men, 
and to magnify some of the most unworthy. As a collecter of historical 
matter he proved to be a great success, as a historian he is a lamentable 

W. W. Henry. 

South Carolina Under the Proprietary Government, 1670- 
1719. Edward McCrady. Cloth, crown Svo., $3. 50 net. Macmillan 
& Co., New York and London, 1897. 


An assumption with perhaps still less foundation is that there were no 
professional lawyers in the Province, and that far into the Royal period 
judicial offices were held by laymen. This was certainly true in some 
cases, as in those of Chief Justice Bohun and some of the later Assistant 
Judges; but it is too improbable to be accepted upon mere negative 
evidence. There is no proof that, hibernice dicens, all the lawyers were 
laymen, though the paucity of professional men in a sparse population 
required many to be "all-rounders;" and men like Gibbes, Moore, 
Toott and Rhett held in turn almost every office in the government. 
The extremely interesting chapter on Piracy is taken largely, though 
with due acknowledgment, from Hughson and other investigators; but 
General McCrady has clearly shown the injustice of the term " Carolina 
Pirates," and has drawn for us a very just distinction between pirates 
like Worley, " Blackbeard," and Steele Bonnet, and the men who hied 


legal commissions as privateers under William and Mary or the " good 
Oueen Anne." No one, probably, better understood the difference than 
the miscreants who were hung in chains at White Point. Governors 
Blake, Archdale, Quarry and others were accused, perhaps unjustly, of 
trafficking with these " gentlemen adventurers; " but the pirates them- 
selves were no more Carolinians than were the Spaniards who harassed 
and threatened the Province. 

It was not until 17 18-19 that Governor Robert Johnson and Vice- 
Admiral William Rhett exterminated the nefarious hordes of Bonnet, 
Moody and Worley, while Governor Spotswood of Virginia did similar 
service by the infamous crew of Blackbeard. But as early as 1692 the 
colonists were so suspicious of everything suggestive of piracy that the 
authorities refused to allow the officers and crew of the commissioned 
privateer Loyal Jamaica to land at Charles Town until they had given 
individual security on the bonds of well-known citizens. Some of these 
privateersmen were the founders of South Carolina's most distinguished 
families, and General McCrady has done good historical service in effec- 
tually clearing their records and the record of the Province of the stigma 
so frequently placed upon them. He has left no place for anyone here- 
after to repeat the slander. 

Another much misunderstood episode of the Proprietary history is the 
Church controversy, which culminated in the issue between Sir Nathan- 
iel Johnson and the Democratic Commons House of Assembly. The 
fair and able treatment of this subject by our author forms one of the 
most valuable and interesting features of his work. 

It is very difficult now for any but a careful and able student of the 
period under consideration to put himself fully en rapport with the spirit 
of a time when religion and politics were inextricably intermingled; when 
the fear of papacy was the honest fear of treason, and Dissent was a 
term synonymous with rebellion. That these beliefs had outlived their re- 
ality was a fact too recent to be recognized by men in active public life, 
and the so-called bigotry of men like Sir Nathaniel Johnson was the 
outcome of a loyal devotion to what they believed to be fundamental 
principles of the government which they represented. That brave sol- 
dier and high-minded gentleman, whose loyalty to the Stuarts had made 
him an object of suspicion during the reign of William and Mary, was 
unaware that the rapid undertow of thought had already swept out to 
sea the foundations of such beacons of the old regime as the Church Act 
of 1704, and he died without having discovered that his policy had sud- 
denly become an anachronism. His son, "the good Governor," and 
his former supporters, such as Broughton, Rhett, Middleton, Izard and 
even Gibbes, were safely floated into the calmer current of the new 
order, and some of them lived well into that development of it which 
culminated in 1776. None of them, probably, had any idea whither the 
drift was tending, not even the writer of that anonymous, though most 


significant letter from Charles Town, dated November, 17 19, which says : 
" I must tell you, sir, if the much greater part of the most substantial 
people had their choice they would not choose King George's govern- 
ment." This letter (Coll. Hist. Soc. S. C, Vol. 2, p. 237), has been 
overlooked by General McCrady, but it breathes a strangely prophetic 
spirit, exactly in the line of his narrative, though the writer had probably 
no deeper meaning than a preference for Proprietary rule. But the 
leaven was working silently and secretly, and the "logic of events " 
was relentlessly arguing out its inevitable conclusion. No reader of the 
volume before us can fail to understand the methods by which that con- 
clusion was eventually reached. 

But we must hasten to an end. The almost immediate provision for 
public education; the quick and sure insight into the true principles of 
popular government, and the jealous insistance with which they were 
guarded; the introduction of African slavery from Barbadoes and the 
peculiarities arising from that origin; the influence of Barbadian habits 
upon the social life of the Province, all these things and many more 
gave a distinctive character to the beginnings and development of South 
Carolina which differentiate her life and growth, her government and the 
habits of her people from those of her sister colonies, and the manner 
in which General McCrady has seized and handled these peculiar features 
give the chief value to his work. Only a loving and devoted son could 
have done full justice to such a theme, and our author's loyalty to his 
State and people have stimulated his best efforts and kept his eye single 
to his purpose. 

His style is equally free from technical verbiage and from florid rhetor- 
ical effect, and its direct plainness of diction leaves a pleasing impres- 
sion of honesty and reliability. A good, though not faultless, index 
adds much to the usefulness of the book, and the references to authori- 
ties are judiciously collected into one place, thus giving the reader the 
opportunity of verifying the author's statements, with practical freedom 
from the annoyance of foot notes. 

Robert Wilson. 

Charleston, S. C, June 1, 1S9S. 



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The History of the Virginia Federal Convention of 1788, with some ac- 
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Discourse of the London Company on its administration of Virginia affairs, 1607-1624; 
Abstracts of Colonial Patents in the Register of the Virginia Land Office, beginning in 1624, 
with full genealogical notes and an extended Genealogy of the Claiborne Family ; The 
Mutiny in Virginia in 1635 ; Samuel Matthew's Letter and Sir John Harvey's Declaration ; 
Speech of Governor Berkeley and Declaration of the Assembly with reference to the change 
of Government in England and the passage of the First Navigation Act of 1651 ; Petition 
of the Planters of Virginia and Maryland in opposition to the Navigation Act of 1661 ; 
Bacon's Rebellion, 1676; His three proclamations, Letters of Sherwood and Ludwell, Pro- 
posals of Smith and Ludwell, and Thomas Bacon's Petition ; Letters of William Fitzhugh 
(1650-1701), a Leading Lawyer and Planter of Virginia, with a genealogical account of the 
Fitzhughs in England ; Lists of Public Officers in the various Counties in Virginia late in 
the 17th and early in the 18th centuries ; Roster of Soldiers in the French and Indian Wars 
under Colonel Washington ; Officers, Seamen and Marines in the Virginia Navy of the 
Revolution ; Roll of the 4th Virginia Regiment in the Revolution ; Diary of Captain John 
Davis of the Pennsylvania Line in the Yorktown Campaign ; General George Rogers 
Clark, — Roll of the Illinois and Crockett's Regiments and the Expedition to Vincennes ; 
Department of " Historical Notes and Queries " containing contributions by Hon. Wm. 
Wirt Henry, and many other items of value; Department of " Book Reviews;" A full 
Index. 5.00 

Volume II — Octavo, pp. 482-ii-xxiv. 

Contains a full account of the proceedings and transactions of the Society for the 
year 1894, and the following list of articles copied from the original documents : Report 
of Governor and Council on the Condition of Affairs in Virginia in 1626 ; Abstracts of Col- 
onial Patents in the Register of the Virginia Land Office, with full genealogical notes and 
extended genealogies of the Fleet, Robins and Thoroughgood Families; Reports of Griev- 
ances by the Counties of Virginia after the suppression of Bacon's Insurrection ; A full his- 
tory' of the First Legislative Assembly ever held in America (that in 1619 at Jamestown), 
written by Hon. Wm. Wirt Henry ; The concluding list of Virginia Soldiers engaged in 
the French and Indian Wars; The opening lists of the Virginia Officers and Men in the 
Continental Line, compiled from official sources ; A valuable account of the Indian Wars 
in Augusta County, by Mr. Joseph A. Waddell, with the lists of the killed and wounded; 
Instructions to Governor Yeardley in 1618 and 1626, and to Governor Berkeley in 1641 ; Let- 
ters of William Fitzhugh continued, with full geneaJogical notes; The Will of William 
Fitzhugh ; A complete List of Public Officers in Virginia .in 1702 and 1714 ; Valuable ac- 

count of Horse Racing in Virginia, by Mr. Wm. G Stanard ; The first instalment of an 
article on Robert Beverley and his Descendants ; Wills of Richard Kemp and Rev. John 
Lawrence, both bearing the date of the 17th century ; Short Biographies of all the members 
of the Virginia Historical Society who died in the course of 1894 ; An elaborate Genealogy 
of the Flournoy Family, throwing light on the Huguenot Emigration ; Department of His- 
torical Notes and Queries, containing many valuable short historical papers and also Gene- 
alogical contributions, among which the Carr and Landon Genealogies are of special 
interest ; Department of Book Reviews, containing critical articles by well known historical 
scholars. Volume II, like Volume I, has been thoroughly indexed. 5.00 

Volume III — Octavo, pp 460-ii-xxviii. 

Contains a full account of the proceedings of the Society for the year 1S95, and the follow- 
ing list of articles copied from original documents: Letters of William Fitzhugh con- 
tinued; Instructions to Berkeley, 1662; Virginia under Governors Harvey and Gooch ; 
Causes of Discontent leading to the Insurrection of 1666 under Bacon; Will of Benjamin 
Harrison the Elder ; Culpeper's Report on Virginia in 1683 ; Defense of Col. Edward Hill ; 
A series of Colonial letters written by William Byrd, Jr., Thomas Ludwell, Robert Carter, 
Richard Lee, and Sir John Randolph ; Decisions of the General Court of Virginia, 1626- 
1628, first instalment; Indictment of Governor Nicholson by the leading members of his 
Council ; Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents, extending to 1635, with full genealogical 
notes; A History of Robert Beverley and his Descendants, with interesting Wills and new 
matter obtained from England ; Genealogies of the Flournoy, Cocke, Carr, Todd and Chap- 
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has a full index. 5.00 

Volume IV — Octavo, pp 492-i-xxiii. 

Contains the following general list of Contents : A Marriage Agreement between John 
Custis and his wife ; A Perswasive to Towns and Cohabitation by Rev. Francis Mackemie 
1705; Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents for 1635-6 ; Army Supplies in the Revolution, 
Series of original letters by Judge Innes ; Attacks by the Dutch on Virginia Fleet, 1667; 
Boundary Line Proceedings, for Virginia and North Carolina 1710 ; Charges against Spots- 
wood by House of Burgess 1719 ; Council Proceedings, 1716-1717 ; Decisions of Virginia 
General Court, 1626-28 Continued ; Defence of Colonel Edward Hill Continued Depositions 
of Revolutionary Soldiers from County records; Early Spotsylvania Marriage Licenses; 
Genealogy — Cocke, Flournoy, Trabue, Jones, and Rootes Families; Historical_Notes and 
Queries ; A full list of House of Burgesses, 1766 to 1775 ; Instructions to Governor Francis 
Nicholson ; Letter and Proclamation of Argall ; Letters of William Fitzhugh ; Narrative of 
Bacon's Rebellion by the English Commissioners ; full abstracts of Northampton County 
Records in 17th Century ; Ordeal of Touch in Colonial Virginia; Patent of Auditor and 
Surveyor-General ; Prince George County Records with much information as to its families ; 
Proceedings of Visitors of William and Mary College, 1716; A list of Shareholders in Lon- 
don Company, 1783 ; also of Slave Owners in Spotsylvania County, 1783 ; Virginia Tobacco 
in Russia in 17th Century. Volume IV has a full index. 5.00 

Volume V — Octavo, pp. 472-i-xxiii. 

Contains the following general list of Contents : Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents, 
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Government of Virginia, 1666 ; Bacon's Men in Surry ; and List of Persons Suffering by the 
Rebellion; Boundary Line Proceedings, 1710; Carter Papers; Case of Anthony Penton ; 
Colonial and Revolutionary Letters, Miscellaneous ; Early Episcopacy in Accomac ; Depo- 
sitions of Continental Soldiers; Families of Lower Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties; 
Genealogy of the Cocke, Godwin, Walke, Moseley, Markham, Carr, Hughes, Winston, 
Calvert, Parker and Brockenbrough Families; General Court Decisions, 1640, 1641, 1666; 
Memoranda Relating to the House of Burgesses, 1685-91 ; Journal of John Barnwell in Yam- 
massee War ; Letters of Lafayette in Yorktown Campaign ; Letters of William Fitzhugh ; 
Letters to Thomas Adams, 1769-71 ; Public Officers, 1781 ; Northampton County Records, 
17th Century ; List, Oath and Duties of Viewers of Tobacco Crop, 1639; Petition of John 
Mercer Respecting Marboro Town ; Price Lists and Diary of Colonel Fleming, 1788-98 ; 
Abstract of Title to Greenspnng ; Tithables of Lancaster County, 17th Century ; The Me- 
herrin Indians; The Trial of Criminal Cases in 1SU1 Century. Volume V has a full index. 5.00 

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The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography has established itself in the front rank of 
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The tendency of this age is to find original documents, and not to rely on opinions of his- 
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of the history of our country. WM. WIRT HENRY, 

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I regard the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography as a most valuable publication The 
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The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography now ranks in importance and interest with 
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VOL,. VI— No. 3. JANUARY, 18G0. 

Entered at the Postoffice at Richmond, Va., as Second-class Matter. 

s South izth Street. 







Proceedings of the Virginia Historical Society i-xxiii 

1. Captain John Bargrave's Charges Against the 

the Former Government of Virginia, 1622... 225 

2. Kidnapping Maidens, to be Sold in Va., 1618... 228 

3. Note of the Shipping, Men, &c, Sent to Virginia, 

1619 231 

4. Poor Children Sent to Virginia 232 

5. Petition of West, Claiborne, &c, to the King... 233 

6. Epitaphs at Brandon, Prince George Co., Va.... 233 

7. Virginia in 1623 236 

8. Isle of Wight County Wills 244 

9. A New Clue to the Lee Ancestry 255 

10. Carter Papers (Inventory Robert Carter) 260 

11. Washington's Capitulation at Fort Necessity, 

1754 ".. 268 

12. Burning of William and Mary College, 1705..... 271 

13. Virginia Militia in the Revolution 277 

14. Virginia Borrowing from Spain 284 

15. Trustees of Hampden-Sidney College 288 

16. Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents 297 

17. Genealogy— Parker (301), Fontaine (305), Bay- 

lor (307), Withers (309), Payne (313). 

18. Notes and Queries — Cotton, Morton, Custis, 

Warren, &c 317 

19. Necrology 319 

20. Book Reviews 324 

21. Publications Received 335 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. VI. JANUARY, 1899. No. 3 

Captain John Bargrave's Charges Against the Former 
Government of Virginia, 1622. 

^Abstract from English Public Record Office, byW. N. Sainsbury. ) 

[The long wrangle between Captain John Bargrave and Sir 
Thos. Smythe, was one of the incidents in the factional dispute 
which divided the Virginia Company, and the various persons 
interested in Virginia. 

Captain John Bargrave, of Patricksbourne, in Kent, "after 
ten yeares service in the Warres," became a member of the Vir- 
ginia Company, and claimed to be "the first person who estab- 
lished a private plantation in Virginia," probably about 1618. 
He claimed to have "a patent of free trade from the Va. Com- 
pany," and prior to 1619, "had bought and set out divers 
ships." On March 5, 1616-7, the Company allowed him 
fifteen shares of land in Virginia for his services. There 
was a long dispute between Sir Thomas Smythe and Captain 
John Bargrave in regard to his trade to Virginia and the Sum- 
mer Islands, which began prior to 1619, and continued as long 
as Smythe lived. Early in 1620 he was granted a patent for 
lands in Virginia by the Sandys' s administration. In February, 
1620-21, he presented his "learned treatise upon the govern- 
ment of Virginia, by a gentleman refusing to be named," to the 


Virginia Company. It was signed " Ignotus." He wrote many 
petitions, &c. , to the Company and to persons in authority. A 
long letter to the Lord Treasurer is printed in Neill's Virginia 
Vetusla, 1 54-161. His brother, Captain George Bargrave, who 
was also interested in the Virginia Company, married the daugh- 
ter of a John Martin (who Mr. Alexander Brown is sure was 
Captain John Martin). Other brothers were Isaac, Dean of Can- 
terbury, and Robert, who was probably the Captain Robert Bar- 
grave, mentioned in a patent (p. 187, ante), as being an owner 
of land at Martin's Brandon. For a notice of Captain John 
Bargrave, see Brown's Genesis. ~\ 

(Inclosed in a Petition of Jno. Bargrave to Privy Council.) 

April 12, 1622. 

Articles drawn out of the information of John Bargrave, show- 
ing the several abuses of the former government of the planta- 
tion of Virginia. Showing as he has formerly done, both in 
Parliament and Chancery, the granting of letters patents for the 
advancement of said plantation by the King, and his Maj. in- 
structions whereby the adventurers were to have free trade in 

First Bargrave charges Sir Thomas Smith to have (contrary 
to said patent instructions & the common laws of England), 
printed a certain book of tyrannical government in Virginia, 
whereby many of the King's subjects there, lost their lives and 
were brought into slavery, and petitioner and those he employed, 
much damnified to their great loss. 

That said Sir Thomas Smith, Alderman Johnson & others by 
practice and faction, have framed a company which is able to 
carry the government as they list; has made a monopoly of the 
plantation and the labors of all the planters, sinking and raising 
the prices of commodities as they list, barring free trade from 
any but themselves, by setting the prices only of tobacco and 
sassafras. All other commodities are neglected there, so that 8 
or 10 ships going to Virginia in one year returned empty. That 
Sir Thomas Smith by secret instructions to the Governor in Vir- 
ginia to bar the petitioners trade, and by detaining his goods and 
the fraudulent sale of them and making stay of his ships, hath 


prejudiced petitioner & his partners to the value of ^6,600. 
That petitioner hath made proof of these abuses in Chancery be- 
fore the Lord Keeper, who finding it to be a matter of state re- 
ferred petitioner to the Privy Council. That this faction and 
popular government founded on a joint stock will, if not pre- 
vented, make it incapable of that form which must hold it to 
England; the joint stock being all spent, this ill effect in the gen- 
eral government should likewise cease. That the plantation 
now subsisting only of the public servants planted by the lotter- 
ies and divers private colonies, the greater colony will carry the 
govern 1 from the lesser and London, together with the Exchange 
steered by the governors to work his own ends out of them all, 
by making the governor in Virginia his creature, he may dispose 
of the whole plantation or of any private man's estate as he list. 
This by experience peti r has found true, and altho' good laws 
of late have been made to prevent it, and that the government 
be now in good hands, nothing but altering the form thereof can 
do it, which alteration according to the increase of the planta- 
tion is promised by his Maj. instructions, dated 12 November, 4 
Jac. , 1 (1606). That if any private adventurer receive prejudice 
from the Body politic of the company, they stand liable first to 
censure by the state for breach of their Commission, secondly to 
the Company, there being a law in print against such acts that 
punishes them with disfranchisement; thereby damages are to be 
recovered by law or equity. 

Petitioner groaning under the burthen of the oppressions hath 
since his first entering into the plantation, endeavoured a means 
of redress, and in the end drawing it to a method and form, he 
tended it to' Sir Thomas Smith some four years since, together 
with a means to gain a growing & increasing stock, by erecting 
a Magazine for the public, and making it the farmer to the king 
of the sole importation of tobacco, but he refused it notwith- 
standing the king then offered the sole importation for ^5,000 
per ann., and that there was then to be received above 20 or 
,£30,000 of the publie lottery Monies, ^5,000 whereof would 
then have made this stock, his deputy & others joining with him 
dreaming to take it themselves as they afterwards offered £$> or 
,£10,000 for it. That there is now no way left to make this pub- 
lic stock but by searching into the old debts and Sir Thomas 


Smith's gross and unexaminable accounts and the abuses of the 
government. Entreats their Lordships to aid in obtaining a 
commission from his Maj. for the rectifying, examining & order- 
ing said Government, that thereby the petitioner may be re- 
lieved, the public wrongs redressed and such a form settled that 
doing right to all parties interested in the plantation, it may fix 
the government of Virginia in a dependency on the crown of 
England. That there is a learned treatise by Ignotus concerning 
the Goverm' of Virginia, to which the Court hath given good 
allowance, and which petitioner entreats may likewise be brought 
in, that there may be no help wanting to give furtherance to this 
noble business or conduce to the attaining of this last end of 
holding the plantation to England. {Colonial Papers, Vol. 2, 
No. 4, I.) 

Kidnapping Maidens, to be Sold in Virginia, 1618. 

(Abstract, from English Pub. Record Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.) 

[Kidnapping persons to be sold as servants in the Colonies, 
or inducing them, under false pretenses to emigrate, was a crime 
flagrant during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Mr. 
Bruce {Economic History of Virginia in the ijth Cenhiry, I, 
613-618) discusses, with his usual thoroughness of research, the 
subject as regards the earlier century. In the later, though the 
evil was probably lessened by advancing civilization, it was by 
no means put an end to. In the novels and drama of the period, 
it has a place, along with impressment for the navy, as a favorite 
method for the villain of the plot to rid himself of a person who 
stands in his way. The most famous case which occurred in 
Great Britain was the abduction of James Annesly, son of Lord 
Altham, in 1728. Though there was a doubt as to the boy's 
legitimacy, his uncle, Richard, thought him so dangerous that he 
contrived to have him carried to Pennsylvania, and sold to a 
planter named Drummond, of Newcastle. In 1743 he managed 
to return to Ireland, and laid claim to the title and estates. In 
an ejectment suit for the latter he was successful in 1743, but 


did not have the means to pursue his claim further. The affair 
created great sensation at the time, and has obtained a perma- 
nent place in literature. Besides a number of pamphlets, there 
is a long account in the Gentleman s Magazine, Vol. XIII. The 
case was introduced into Peregrine Pickle, was used by Scott in 
Guy Mannering, and Jas. Annesly is the hero of Chas. Reade's 
Wandering Heir.~\ 

1618, Oct. 19, Nethersham. 

Sir Edward Hext, Justice of the Peace of Somerset to the 
Privy Council, Complaint having been made to him that one 
Owen Evans, had commanded the constable of the hundred of 
Whitleighe and others to press him divers maidens to be sent to 
the Bermudas and Virginia, he issued a warrant for his appre- 
hension. Evans on being examined said he was a messenger of 
the Chamber and showed his badge of office. The constable 
affirmed that said Owen' required him in His M. name to press 
him five maidens with all speed for the service aforesaid, and on 
demanding to see his commission reviled and threatened that he 
should answer it in another place — Another affirmed that Evans 
delivered 5 s to one and i2 d to another to press six maidens, and 
to a third he delivered his badge and required him to press some 
maidens, else would he procure him to be hanged — Sends an 
acquittance inclosed — Evans confessed all, and that he had no 
commission at all and so fell upon his knees and humbly confessed 
his fault. Has committed him to gaol. His undue proceedings 
breed such terror to the poor maidens as forty of them fled out 
of one parish into such obscure and remote places as their parents 
and masters can yet have no news what is become of them. 
{Correspondence Domestic, James 1st, Vol. 103, No. 42.) 

Inclosure. 1618, Oct. 19. 

Receipt of " Owen Evans of the Court of England " to Wil- 
liam Michell of Ottery for ten shillings of English money for 
freeing the parrish of Ottery from his Commission of pressing of 
maidens for his Maj. service for the Bermudas and Virginia, 
signed with his mark and duly witnessed, 1618, October 17. 
{Correspond. Domestic, James I, Vol. 103, No. 42, I.) 


1618, Nov. 13, Nethersham. 

Sir Edward Hext Justice of the Peace of Somerset to the Privy 
Council. Has according to their Lordships commands, deliv- 
ered to this Bearer Owen Evans, lately committed by him (see 
ante, Oct., 1618) with examinations concerning his offence — 
Explains that in regard Evans was H. M. servant, he had him 
cleanly lodged and well dieted while in gaol, and that he exam- 
ined him as to what service he had to do for his Majesty — As- 
sures their Lordships that Evans undue carriage in this matter 
hath bred much grief and great prejudice to the people of these 
parts. As many young women of several parishes round about 
the parrish of Ottery as heard of it, flying in like manner from 
their parents and masters. {Domestic Corresp. , James 1st, Vol. 
103, No. 87.) 

Inclosure. 161 8, Nov. 13. 

Examinations of Francis Prewe, of Ottery, Thomas Crocker, 
William Mitchell and John Watts, taken before Sir Edward Hext 
the 16th and 31st of October, 1618. In reference to the pro- 
ceedings of Owen Evans in endeavoring to press Maidens to be 
sent to the Bermudas and Virginia — that same bred such terror 
as above forty young women fled out of the parish of Ottery and 
were not yet to be found : that he threatened Prewe should an- 
swer his conduct in another place, if he failed, that Thomas 
Crocker should be hanged in the morning if he failed to press 
him some maidens, that Michell compounded with Evans for ten 
shillings to be free : and that Evans gave John Watts four shill- 
ings to press him four maidens and bring them to him at Sher- 
borne Co., Dorset, and twelve pence to one Jacob Cryste to 
press Evans his [Cryste' s] daughter. ( Correspondence Domestic, 
James rst, Vol. 103, No. 87, I.) 


A Note of the Shipping, Men, &c., Sent to Virginia, 1619. 

(Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury. 

A Note of the shipping, men and provisions sent to Virginia 
by the Treasurer and Company, in the year 1619. There are 
the names of eight ships set out by the Treasurer and Company, 
with 871 persons besides four other ships with 390 persons, out 
of which number 650 were sent over for public use as Tenants 
for the Governor's Companys & Colledge & Minister's Glebe 
lands. Ninety young maids to make wives for so many of the 
Tenants. Boys (100), to make apprentices to those Tenants, 
fifty servants for the public and fifty men ' ' to bear up the charge 
of bringing up thirty of the Infidel children in true religion and 
civility." The Commodities which these people are directed 
principally to apply (next to their own necessary maintenance), 
viz : Iron 150 persons sent to set up three iron works, cordage, 
pitch & tar, timber, silk, vines and salt. 

The people were plentifully furnished with apparel, bedding, 
victuals for six months, implements for house and labour, ar- 
mour, weapons, tools & other necessaries. Gifts to the Colony 
this year: Fair plate & other rich ornaments for two Communion 
tables, viz: one for the College & the other for the church of 
Mary Robinson's founding, who in 1618, by will gave ^200 to 
founding a church in Virginia — ^550 in gold for bringing up 
children of the Infidels — and ,£300 by will of Nicholas Ferrar 
to the College to be paid when ten Infidel children be placed in 
it, also ^10 by an unknown person for advancing the plantation. 
Patents granted this year to the Society of Southampton hundred, 
Master Heath, Recorder of London, Master Wincopp, Master 
Trade, Doctor Bohun, Master Pierce, Master Delbridge, Master 
Points, Master Barkley, Capt. Bargrave and Capt. Ward, who 
have undertaken to transport to Virginia great multitudes of 
people with store of cattle. Said 1,261 persons being arrived, 
will make the number of English in Virginia to amount to 2,400, 
the cattle to about 500 with some horses & goats & infinite num- 
ber of swine broken out into the woods. 3 pp. printed. {Colo- 
nial Papers, Vol. I, No. 46.) 


N. B. — Similar " Notes of the Shipping, men," &c., for the 
years 1620, 1621, will be found in the Printed Collection of Broad- 
sides in the Society of Antiquaries, London, Nos. 180, 194. 
Which see. 

Poor Children to be Sent to Virginia. 

(Abstract from English Pub. Record Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.) 

[The plan here set forth, of sending the pauper children of 
the London streets to Virgina, was an early forerunner of the 
wise philanthrophy which has done so much good in late years 
by rescuing the same class from the streets of our large Ameri- 
can cities, and securing them homes and employment in the 

London, Jan. ye 28, i6y. 

Sir Edwin Sandys, Secretary, to Sir Robert Naunton. The 
city of London have by act of their Common Councils appointed 
one hundred children out of their superfluous multitude to be 
transported to Virginia, there to be bound apprentices for cer- 
tain years and afterwards with very beneficial conditions for the 
children, and have granted moreover a levy of ^500 among them- 
selves for the apparelling of those children and towards their 
charges of transportation. Now it falleth out that among these 
children sundry being illdisposed & fitter for any remote place 
than for this city declare their unwillingness to go to Virginia, of 
whom the city is especially desirous to be disburdened, and in 
Virginia under severe masters they may be brought to goodness. 
But this city wanting authority to deliver and the Virginia com- 
pany to transport these persons against their wills, the burden is 
laid upon him by humble suit, to procure higher authority for 
the warranting thereof so as to discharge both the city and our 
company of this difficulty. (Corresp. Domestic, James 1st, Vol. 
112, No. 49.) 


Petition of West, Claiborne, &c, to the King. [1622?] 

(Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.; 

Petition of Capt. Francis West, Capt. William Claybourne, 
John Brewse, Robert Sweet and William Capps, ancient plant- 
ers and adventurers in Virginia, on behalf of themselves and the 
rest of his Maj. poor distressed subjects of that plantation, to the 
King; that by long experience, hazard and charge both of their 
persons and estates for many years they have found that that 
Country may be made useful for many commodities to supply 
the wants of this Kingdom which are now sent from Foreign 
Kingdoms, but by maintaining war with the Indians and the for- 
mer benefit made by tobacco, time has been mispent so long as 
now after payment of custom and freight, tobacco is of no value 
and they are like to perish unless taken into his Maj. immediate 
care & protection to make tobacco his own & take a convenient 
proportion yearly at a reasonable price, so they may plant some 
real commodity there to which that country is apt & fitt. Pray 
that their suit may be taken into consideration and persons ap- 
pointed to treat with them concerning the same. This petition 
is signed by all the petitioners. {Colonial Papers, Vol. 2, No. 

Epitaphs at Brandon, Prince George County, Va. 



to the Memory of 

Nathaniel Harrison 

of Brandon, Eldest Son of Nathaniel & Mary 

Harrison, of Wakefield. He died 

October 1st, 1781, at the age 

of 78 years. 




to the Memory of 

Benjamin Harrison, 

of Brandon, only son of Nathaniel Harrison 

and his wife Mary Digges. Born on the 13th of 

February, 1743. Died on the 

7th of August, 1807. 


Mrs. Elizabeth Page Powell, relict of Alfred 

Powell, & 4" 1 daughter of Benjamin Harrison and his 

3d wife, Evelyn Taylor Byrd. Born October 2d, 

1804. Died Nov. 27, 1836. 


George E. Harrison, son of Benjamin Harrison and 

his 3d wife Evelyn Taylor Byrd. Born 1st 

September, 1797, died Jan. 19, 1839. 


William B. Harrison, 2d son of Benjamin Harrison 

and Evelyn Byrd. Born Nov. 31, 1800. 

Died Sept. 22d, 1870. 


George E. Harrison 

Born June 20, 1837. Died April 

18, 1880. 


Nathaniel Harrison, the elder, of Brandon, married 1st, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Cole Digges, of " Belfield," York county. She was buried 


at Denbigh Church, Warwick county, where her tomb, bearing Harrison 
and Digges arms empaled, remains with the following inscription : 

Here lieth 

The body of Mary Harrison 

Daughter of the Hon'ble Cole Digges, Esq. 

President of his Maj'ty's Council for the Colony 


Late Wife of Colonel Nathaniel Harrison 

of Prince George County 

By whom she had four children viz : 

Nathaniel who was born May 27th, 1739, 

and died June 13d, 1740, 

Digges who was born October 22d, and died Nov'r 12th, 1741. 

1 both interred near this place) 

Also Elizabeth born July 30th 1737 

Benjamin born February 13th 1742. 

She so discharged the Several Duties 

of Wife, Mother, Daughter, Neighbor 

that her Relations & Acquaintance 

might justly esteem their affliction insupportable 

Was it not chastened with the Remembrance 

That every Virtue which adds weight to their loss 

Augments her Reward. 

Obiit Nov'r 1744 ^Et. 27. 

Col. Nathaniel Harrison, married secondly before February 15, 1748, 
Lucy, daughter of Robt. Carter, of " Corotoman," and widow of Henry 
Fitzhugh, of "Eagles Nest"; but had no issue by this marriage. Col. 
Harrison appears to have held no office during the colonial period ex- 
cept the rank in the militia indicated by his title; but was an active 
supporter of American independence, from the beginning of the Revo- 
lution, when he was a member of the Prince George county Committee 
of Safety, as was his son Benjamin Harrison. The son Benjamin 
was elected a member of the first State Executive Council ; but re- 
signed in a short time, when his father was elected to fill his place. It 
is believed that Col. Nathaniel Harrison was also the person of the 
name who was president of the State senate in October, 1779. 

Benjamin Harrison of Brandon, the son, married Evelyn Taylor, daugh- 
ter of Col. Wm. Byrd (3d) of Westover. George Evelyn Harrison of 
Brandon, married Isabella Harmanson Ritchie, daughter of Thos. Ritchie 
of Richmond, a lady, who was the honored mistress of Brandon for so 
many years, and died a short time ago, universally regretted. Wm. 
Byrd Harrison, whose epitaph is also given, was the owner of Upper 
Brandon, and the builder of the fine mansion house there. 

Brandon, a fortunate exception to the fate of most old estates in Vir- 


ginia, still remains the property of the Harrisons — the family of the 
late George E. Harrison, whose epitaph is the last given above. 
Nathaniel Harrison of ' ' Wakefield, ' ' Surry co. , named in the first epitaph 
was member of the Council and Auditor General of the colony. As his 
epitaph from his tomb at " Wakefield" has only been printed in a news- 
paper, it may be preserved here : " Here lieth the body of the Honor- 
able Nathaniel Harrison Esq., Son of the Honorable Benjamin Harrison, 
Esq. He was born in this parish the 8 day April, 1677. Departed this 
life the 30 day of November, 1727." 

The epitaphs of his brother Henry, and his father Benjamin, both 
councillors, from the tombs formerly at Cabin Point, but now at Brandon, 
arid that of his brother, Benjamin, of " Berkeley," speaker of the House 
of Burgesses; at Westover, have been several times in print. 


(Abstracts from English Public Record Office, by W. N. Sainsbury. ) 

Governor and Council of Virginia to the Earl of 
Southampton, &c. 

1623, April 3, James City. 

The Governor and Council of Virginia to the Earl of South- 
ampton and the rest of his Maj. Council for Virginia. Since 
their last letters there came two Indians to Martin's Hundred* 
who were sent up to James City. One f who had lived much 
among the English and by revealing the plot to divers on the 
day of the massacre, saved their lives, was sent by the Great 
King X with a message to the effect that enough blood had been 
shed on both sides, that many of his people were starved by our 
taking away their corn and burning their houses, and they de- 

* Martin's Hundred on James river, extending from the neighborhood 
of the present Williamsburg to near the Warwick river. 

fA converted Indian who lived with Richard Pace, on the south 
side of James river, opposite Jamestown. Before daylight on the morn- 
ing of the massacre he revealed the plot to Pace, who after providing 
for the security of his family and neighbors, rowed over to Jamestown, 
and gave warning. See Stith's History of Virginia, p. 212; and Smith ' s 
General History. 

% Opechancanough. 

VIRGINIA IN 1623. 237 

sired they might be suffered to plant at Pamunkey and their 
former seats, which if they might peaceably do they would send 
home our people (about 20), whom they saved alive. The 
other, called Comoham, an actor in the Massacre at Martin's Hun- 
dred being a great man and not sent by the Great King, they 
put in chains resolving to make such use of him as the times 
shall require. The Messenger sent back with this answer that 
if they would send home our people they should quietly set their 
corn, within a week returned with Mrs. Boys* (the cheif of the 
prisoners), apparelled like one of their Queens. Robert Poole f 
(the interpreter) the reason the rest came not, because of his 
threatening speeches. The Messenger dispatched alone with 
beads from the friends of the prisoners which will no doubt has- 
ten their return. "If they send home our people and soon 
secure upon this Treaty, we shall have the better advantage both 
to surprise them and cut down their corn." In reference to 
their instructions for sending home Sassafras, & that 66 lbs. 
should be gathered by every labouring man throughout the Col- 
ony, upon penalty of 10 lbs. weight of tobacco for every 100 
lbs. of sassafras not brought in by the first of March — and their 
desire to send the fairest sort of silk grass which is toward the 
Southward — hope to send it by the next shipping accompanied 
with the earth of the nature of Terra Lemina j' to be had on Po- 
tomac River both of which they can send in abundance. What 

* Either the wife of Cheyney Boyse, member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for Hog Island, 1629-32; or of Luke Boyse, member of the 
House of Burgesses, 1623-4. 

f Robert Poole was an interpreter as early as 1619, and lived in War- 
wick county in 1627. See this Magazine, I, 195, 440. 

J Terra Lemina or Terra Siggillata: "A kind of astringent earth, of 
fatty consistence and reddish color, and used medicinally in the same 
cases as the other boles. It has the external appearance of clay, with 
a smooth surface resembling agate, especially in recent fractures. Like 
soap it removes impurities. Like Kaolin, to which it is related, it has 
its origin in the decomposition of feldspathic rocks." — Century Diction- 

Smith found cliffs composed of a substance resembling terra siggillata. 
But the only mineral on the Potomac especially mentioned by Smith was 
a mine "like antimony" which he visited at the head of " Quiyough," 
which Stith thinks was Potomac creek; but which would seem more 


is done concerning the Duty {sic) boys, the City boys and the 
City maids, Mr. Treasurer will inform. Capt. Neuce* lately dead. 
Mr. Treasurer will give account of the company's affairs there. 
It would be the most advantageous course for those officers who 
have the command of their people, to give the Comp. yearly a 
certain rate by the pole for so many as shall live. Those whose 
numbers were sufficient, have been allowed to return to their 
Plantations. Could have wished the Comp. commands had con- 
curred with their opinions of planting nearer together. The in- 
fection in great part brought in by these ships hath much disabled 
them already, not only in the loss of ordinary men but of their 
commanders. Beg that strict orders be given that the provisions 
for the ship be well conditioned for it is certain that Dupper's 
beer hath been the death of a great number of passengers — and 
that he be made an example — Capt. Each f died so suddenly, 
they could not understand his project, but Capt. Roger Smith £ 
with the best experienced of the ship tried the ground and found 
all but the uppermost crust of oyster shells, a false loose ground 
of a depth they could not discover — ordered them all to return 
to England as no one was appointed to succeed Capt. Each in 
case of his death. Intend to set to work on a fort on the shore 
which would as fully command the channel & have raised every 
twentieth man under command of Capt. Roger Smith. The 

likely from the name to have been Acquia. From this place the Indians 
obtained the silver like dust which they used in ornamenting themselves, 
and which made " them look like Blackamoors dusted over with silver." 
It was probably mica. 

"A Declaration of the State of the Colonie," &c, by Edward Water- 
house, London, 1622, states that from the Upper Chesapeake Bay, Lieu- 
tenant Parkinson had brought "some of that kind of Earth called 
Terra Lemina (there to be had in great abundance), as good as that of 
Turkey." — NeitPs Virginia Company, p. 338. 

* Captain Thomas Newce (brother of Sir William Newce), was dep- 
uty in charge of the company's land and tenants in Virginia. 

t Captain Each was sent to Virginia in 1622 "to build a block-house 
amongst the oyster banks, that shall secure the river." — Smith's Gen- 
eral History, pp. 570, 571. Arber's edition. 

X Captain Roger Smith, after serving twelve years in the Low Coun- 
tries, came to Virginia in 1620, and was appointed to the Council in 

VIRGINIA IN 1623. 239 

Governor & Council are now going down to set out the form of 
the work. Regret and explain why the ship returned so empty; 
Mr. Blany shipped great part of the Magazine of Tobacco in 
the Hopewell. How unable they are to sustain these burthens 
their great troubles & this year's poverty testify, but hope to 
give satisfaction in the next crop. 

Copy signed by Francis Wyatt, Geo. Yeardley, Geo. Sandys, 
Chri. Dawson, Jo. Pott, Ralph Hamor, Jo. Pountes. 4 pp. 
{Colonial Papers, Vol. II, No. 22.) 

Governor Wyatt to John Ferrar. 

1623, April 7. 

Governor Sir Francis Wyatt to John Ferrar, Esquier,* at St. 
Sithe's Lane. Excuses for not writing oftener in his letters to 
Sir Edwin Sandys. Understand that Capt. Whitakert charges 
eight of the Comp. tenants upon Wyatt' s account. Explana- 
tions — two being sawyers were entertained immediately before 
the Massacre to work about the intended Inn, and after that 
about the Pallisadoes, the Court of Guard, &c. So that six 
score weight of Tobacco is due from the Corporation of James 
City. Wm. Smith was allowed for his (the Governor's) guard, 
as one of the thirty which the country assigned him — there were 
two Smiths — Roberts was hired to Gates [?Sir Thos.] and Bur- 
land to Capt. Norton,;}; and deserved well their wages. Swart- 
brick kept the Governor & Capt. Powell's cattle. John Radish 

*John Ferrar, son of Nicholas Ferrar, of London, was deputy treasu- 
rer of the Virginia Company from April 2?, 1619, to May 22, 1622; M. 
P. for Tarn worth 1621-22, and died at Little Gidding September, 1657. 
With his brother, Nicholas, and father, Nicholas, was eminently useful 
in the founding of the Colony of Virginia. 

t Doubtless Captain Jabez Whitaker, who was a member of the House 
of Burgesses, 1623, and of the Council. See this Magazine, II, 78, and 
January, 1894, page 295. 

% By the instructions to Governor Wyatt, July 24, 1621, he was in- 
structed "to take care of Captain William Norton and certain Italians 
sent to set up a glass house." Hening, I, 116. 


was let out for rent, but after the Massacre, being furnished with 
neither clothes nor provisions nor well in health his master kept 
him. There was neither ground for these to plant nor provision, 
& therelore he gave way that three or four should be let out. He 
placed Capt. Whittaker upon the best ground he could, and had 
no more ground to spare; indeed was straitened for room, and 
such was the charge of guarding as he had not above 1,000 wt. (of 
tobacco) of sixteen tenants of his that planted at Pasbehaighes. 
Truth is he was fain to lend many of them having wives and 
children more corn than all their crop of tobacco was worth. It 
was his ill fortune to come when mischief was breeding, covered 
over with a treacherous peace, "and think of supplying me 
though but for upholding the reputation of my place." The 
Margaret and John lighted in the Company of a Dutch Ship 
who said he would come hither. Would be glad to know what 
is to be done in such cases, as also to have a copy of their Pat- 
ent. Our people so careless — some commission should be 
thought of for a Martial Court at least ad terrorem. Some lately 
surprised and cut off while trading who were manifestly strong 
enough — not a piece discharged. Without doubt we must either 
drive them ( ? the Indians) or they us out of the Country, for at 
one time or another they play us false. The Margaret and John 
newly come in of which they were in despair, and one from Mr. 
Gookin * with forty men for him & thirty passengers besides, 
the first in great distress for provisions and likely to be burthen- 
some to the Country — both have suffered Extremely in their 
passage. ' ' God send us in some ships with provision to bal- 
lance them." They are cast behind hand for corn & their men 
land ill in health. Hopes one day to see him to view the 

3 pp. (Colonial Papers, No. 26). 

* Daniel Gookin, a native of Kent, England, lived for a time near 
Cork, Ireland. Arrived in Virginia November 22, 1621, and settled near 
Newport News. He brought " fifty men of his owne, and thirty Passen- 
gers, exceedingly well supplied with all sorts of provision and Cattle." 
At the time of the massacre he refused to leave his plantation, and suc- 
cessfully defended it against the Indians. His son, Daniel, removed to 
New England, and became a prominent man there. 

virginia in 1623. 241 

George Sandys to John Ferrar. 

1623, April 8, From Newports Newes. 

George Sandys * to John Ferrar. Has sent Copy of his let- 
ter by the Hopewell in reference to his debts — Sale of Sir Wil- 
liam Nuce's tobacco — Has divers under arrest & has distrained 
on the goods of others, but the Country is so empty of tobacco 
that no present satisfaction will be given. Will trust no more 
to promises; gave Mr. Blany the like counsel last year. Lieut. 
Perce [sic] hath taken order in England to pay him ^50 he owes. 
Has been at Kiccowtan to order his affairs in that place. Capt. 
Nuce died very poor; he had no crop of tobacco this year, nor 
hath any of the tenants a grain hardly of corn to sustain them. 
All is laid on the short provisions sent with those that came 
hither, by which means they depart (sic) with most of their corn 
as soon as it is reaped to discharge their borrowings, and be- 
sides the Company's tenants are planted on the barrenest places 
in all the Country, by reason of his (Ferrar) affecting of cleared 
ground which is generally worn out and ungrateful to the plant- 
ers. Capt. Whitacres lost yearly his labour on the place where 
he was seated. Paid Mr. Cleyborne his wages according to 
Ferrar's agreement, viz: 200 weight of tobacco; he is now at 
Kecowtan account of his management of Ferrar's tenants, Cap- 
tain Wilcock's and Smith's payments — allowance to Capt. Nuce's 
widow. She hath' nothing left to sustain herself and her poor 
child, her husband having sold his land. She is a woman of 
good birth and better conditions. The* Sea flower not yet 
arrived. Ferrar may hereafter save the charge of a Deputy. 
Sends the names of all his tenants that are living (wanting). 
His pinnace lies like a wreck at Elizabeth City — Sent Nun with 
his fellows (None deserve the Name of a Ship Wright) to view 
her, & has set both them and others upon her. The vinerouns f 

*The poet; then treasurer of Virginia. In the midst of the terror 
and confusion in the winter following the massacre he translated the 
Metamorphoses of Ovid, the first American poetry — or rather written in 

f Certain French vinedressers who had been sent to Virginia. There 
are a number of grants to them of small tracts of land recorded in the 
Virginia Land Books. 



"are placed together at Elizabeth City and altogether employed 
about Silk Worms that they may send home some silk next 
year. The Planters so busy about rebuilding and preparing 
their grounds that few at this time either can or will attend them 
— yet for his own part has set four to do nothing else and pre- 
pared the Chamber wherein he lyes at Lieut. Perses * (sic), the 
fairest in Virginia for that purpose. The French men's time out 
next year, he must use means to procure their stay and send 
more of their quality if he would have that work go readily for- 
ward. Has sent his shallop as far almost as the Falls for sand 
for the glass men, but could not find any that would serve, and 
since to Cape Henry where they lighted on what they like; how- 
ever send us two or three hogsheads out of England. All the 
servants are dead, which Ferrar must supply, for the charge is 
intollerable to hire them, which lyes upon him & he is not able 
to feed his own family. And to give a greater blow to their 
necessities, the Tygar sent forth a trading with Mr. Punte's 
pinnace under Captain Spelman f (a man wary enough hereto- 
fore and acquainted with their treacheries) is not only returned 
empty, but himself with 26 well armed, sufficient to have de- 
fended themselves against 500 Indians, are cut oft or taken 
prisoners either by ambush or too much credulity, for as yet they 
know not the certainty. The ship was attempted by 60 canoes 
but dispersed by their ordnance; so that if the Sea flower come 
not quickly in there will hardly be found a preservation against 
famine — She having with great expence been set out to the 
Somers Islands to furnish the Country with fruits. They have 
viewed the place where they are going to erect their fort, natu- 
rally almost entrenched about with deep ditches, and will do 
their uttermost to finish it — Shall need great ordnance. It was 

* Either Abraham Persey, Burgess, Councellor, &c, one of the 
wealthiest men of the colony (see this Magazine, I, 187-1S8), or William 
Pierce, who was long one of the leading men of Virginia, and Councel- 
lor 1631-44. (See this Magazine, I, 447, &c.) 

t Henry Spelman, third son of Sir Henry Spelman, of Congham, Nor- 
folk, the distinguished antiquary and historian, who came to Virginia. 
in 1609, and was killed by the Indians probably near the present site of 
Washington, March 23, 1623. ^See Brown's Genesis, II, 1020; and this 
Magazine, II, 65.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1623. 243 

impossible for him to send Silk grass, Earths, rareties, &c. , by 
reason of the troubles and want of means. It would well please 
the Country to hear he had taken revenge of Dupper for his 
Stinking beer, which ( with what hath succeeded by their conta- 
gion in his conscience) hath been the death of 200. Ferrar has 
employed a strange purser, but Mr. Tucke deserves his thanks. 
Great are the likelihoods of the vicinity of the South Sea by a 
general report of the Indians. The mountains they say not 
being past four days' journey above the falls. If furnished with 
means he would willingly venture his life in that discovery. 
Their slow supplies hardly rebuild every year — the decays of the 
former retain them in a languishing state and curb them from 
the carrying (on) of enterprise of moment. It is a great pity 
that so goodly a territory as Martin's Hundred should be no 
better followed ; an undoubted profit might there be raised be- 
sides the honour and example. " It doth grieve me much that 
your noble disposition and burning zeal to the good of this place 
should encounter with such disheartenings and be burthened with 
so many engagements; but I hope ere long we shall remove the 
first and free you of the latter, wherein there shall be nothing 
wanting that lies in the endeavours of your devoted Servant." 

3 pp. — Indorsed " by the Abigail." — {Colonial Papers, Vol. 2, 
No. 27). 

Christopher Davison to John Ferrar. 

1623, April 14, James City. 

Chr. Davison* to [John Ferrar] shall not give him such satis- 
faction as he deserves, his long sickness and absence from busi- 
ness since his arrival may somewhat excuse him. Had sent a 
list of the names of all the people that died or were slain by the 
Indians since the Massacre and of all that remain alive, but since 
he could not procure the bills from many particular plantations, 
he thought it better to send a perfect catalogue by the next ship 
than a lame and imperfect one by this (See 16 Feb., 1624). Has 
not been able to send by this ship the 30^ of tobacco to pay 

* Secretary of Virginia. Believed to have been the son of William 
Davison, Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth. 


Mr. Bland as he could not yet receive that poor quantity due 
from his five Tenants to himself (all he has remaining alive) nor 
one grain of corn to keep them in this time of scarcity, but he 
shall receive it by the next shipping with ^3 due to Bland for 
the transport of his brother Thomas Fynch (who died soon after 
his arrival), in the stead of Davison's little daughter about which 
(sic) he sent a few lines by Capt. Each. The benefit of his place 
is so mean, having so few tenants remaining that if the Comp. 
repair not his losses of the 14 or 15 tenants, and certain cows 
promised these two years, he shall have small cause to rejoice by 
these employments in their service; but presumes upon his fa- 
vour and furtherance. The Margaret and John accounted a lost 
ship, arrived about the 7th or 8th of April, also about the 10th 
the ship sent by Mr. Gookin, he thinks called the Providence, 
came to Newports News. But the Seaflower has not yet ar- 
rived 'tho long expected, whose supplies of corn & provisions 
make her extraordinarily desired. Has sent answer to as many 
of the petitioners as he was desired (wanting). 

2 pp. Indorsed: " By the Abigail." — (Colonial Papers, Vol. 
II, No. 28.) 


(Contributed by R. S. Thomas.) 


[Unimportant clauses omitted.] 

I, Edward Wilmoth, being at this time Very weak in Body but 
perfect of memory. 

Imprimis. I do by these presents make my beloved wife Annis 
Wilmoth, my full & whole executrix of all my goods and chattels 
in Virginia or elsewhere, particularly I give unto my wife af'd 
four milch cows, a steer, and a Heifer that is on Lawns Creek 
side,- and a young yearling Bull. Also I give unto my daugh- 
ter Frances a yerling Heifer. Also I give unto my son John 
Wilmoth a cow calf, and to my son Robert Wilmoth a cow calf. 
Also if any of these children dye before they come to age it is 


my will the said cattle shall come to the survivour. Also the 
plantation that we are upon I give unto my wife and all my 
Household Stuff & Moveables. Also I intreat John Jackson & 
George Coboraft to be my Overseers for the performance of my 
last Will and Testament, being a true Act and Deed of mine 
own. Witness my hand this 15th day of February, 1647. 

Edward Wilmoth. 
Teste: John Jackson, John Carter. 

[I never knew of any Wilmoths in the county.] 


In the name of God, Amen, the 16th day of August, 1649. 
I, Anthony Jones, of Isle of Wight County, in Virginia, being 
in weak estate of Body but sound memory and perfect, do make 
my last Will and Testament as followeth : 

Imprimis. I bequeath my Soul to God my Creator, and my 
Body to the earth from whence it came. And of my Goods 
which God hath given me. 

Item. I bequeath to my Brother William Jones, if so be he 
comes to live in this country, four cows, one servant, one feather 
bed, one stear and corn sufficient for the year, with that Planta- 
tion where Thomas Parker lived, to be fitted up for him. But, 
and if he come in a single man, to live with my wife in this my 
new dwelling House plantation, or if in case he have a Desire to 
return home again with the shipping, to have Three Thousand 
Pounds Tobacco sent him Home the next year and Two Thous- 
and this year. 

Item. I give to my daughter-in-law Ann Smith, the planta- 
tion I now live on with the Dividend of land there to belonging 
after my wife's decease. 

Item. I give to my sister Catharine Jones Five Pounds Ster- 
ling, to be paid her at the return of the ships if she be living. I 
bequeath to my Godson Anthony Bonford, one Heifer to be paid 
the next May. 

Item. I give and bequeath to Thomas and John Smith all 
my land due to take up at The Black Water or elsewhere which 
is Two Thousand Acres as is recorded at James Town, and that 


it be divided into two parts, each to have a several Patent by 

Item. I make my wife Ann my whole & sole exec x of all my 
goods & chattels whatsoever, after my Debts are paid. 

Anthony Jones. 
Signed, sealed and carefully perused: 

Robert Watson, Edw d Chetwood, Thomas Braser. 

[Anthony Jones and Richard Death were burgesses in 1639 
and 1642-3. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 
Vol. II, p. 99; and I Henn., p. 224.] 


[Unimportant clauses omitted.] 

The Seventh Day of September, 1649. I, Edward Chetwine, 
of the Isle of Wight County in Virginia, being of Weak State 
in Body, but Sound in mind and of perfect memory, do make 
my last Will and Testament, as followeth: 

Imp 8 . I give to James House and Thomas Attwell one year 
of their Times. 

Item. I give James House all my Bedding and what else of 

mine is at Mr. Aldred's, only one Brass I give my boy, 

Thomas Attwell. 

Item. I give to Christopher Holms all my wearing apparel. 

Item. I give John Young my gun. 

Item. I give Mr. Robert Watson, Henry Pitt, John Inglish, 
Nicholas Aldred, Mrs. Anne Jones and all her children, each of 
the afores d Partys one pair of Gloves and a mourning Ribbon. 

Item. To my brother I give my lands, tenements and hered- 
itaments, with Thanks that he hath supplied me notwithstanding 
he hither sent me for a Sacrifice. 

And for the performance of this my Will and Testament, my 
Debts being paid, I leave Mr. Robert Watson and Henry Pitt 

my executors. 

Nomen Caret. 
Probat 1* Sacrement — 
Tho. Brook & Gulelmi Rufhn, 27 ° die Sep', 1649. 

[I never heard of any Chetwines in the county.] 



In the name of God, Amen. This 14th of January, 1650. 
I, John Vasser, the unprofitable servant of God, sick in body, 
but strong in mind, do willingly and with a firm heart render 
and give unto the Hands of the Lord my Creator my Spirit 
I" is also my Body in hope of Resurrection, &c. I Bestow my 
Worldly Estate as followeth: My will and pleasure is to appoint 
Mr. James Pyland and Thomas Waller my overseers of this my 
Last Will and Testament over all my Estate. My will is to give 
unto my eldest son, John Vasser, Mildred, Peter and Ann Vas- 
ser, three cows called young Harris, old Star and young Star, 
with the female increase of the said cattle until such time they 
come at age, and then them and their encrease to be equally 
Devided amongst them. I give unto my eldest daughter, Eliz- 
abeth Vasser, two cows named Brown Bess and Napus, also a 
gold ring to be delivered at her day of Marriage. Lastly, I give 
unto my wife all the rest of my whole estate which I am possest, 
with all Plantation, Cattle, Hogs, moveables, Immovables, all 
within and abroad. Likewise all Debts and Dues by bill, bond 
or book, making my wife, Elizabeth, my sole executrix of all 
that I am possest with all. This is my last Will and Testament. 
Witness my hand the day and year above written. 

John Vasser, Sign't. 

Signed, Sealed and Delivered in the presence of 
John Lewis, Richard Ames, Tho. Walter. 

I never knew any Vassers in this county. He mentions James 
Pyland. James Pyland was, along with John Hammond, a Bur- 
gess from this county in 1652 to that Puritan Legislature, and 
the strength of their cavalier propensities stands out in bold 
relief on the pages of I Hening, pages 374-5. 

Hammond wrote so strongly about the powers that be in these 
days that he was expelled for " libell," and James Pyland enter- 
tained, aided and abetted Thomas Woodward, who was "a vio- 
lent royalist, who had been assayer to the London Mint, and was 
dismissed in 1649 by Bradshall, President of the Council of State, 
because of his opposition to Parliament, and who came to Vir- 


ginia vowing that he would never see England again until his 
Majesty's return from exile." Va. Car., page 229. He re- 
mained in Virginia. In an old Vestry Book, beginning in 1723, 
the name of a James Pyland, clerk to the Vestry, is on the first 
page. — R. S. T. 


[Unimportant clauses omitted.] 

I, William Jewry, of the Isle of Wight County, being very 
sick & weak, but of perfect mind and memory. 

To be buried at the Discretion of my Executor in the Parish 
Church of the county afores'd. 

After my Debts which I justly owe unto any man, being first 
paid and my funeral expenses satisfied. 

Imprimis. I Give and Bequeath unto Elizabeth Penny, the 
daughter of Richard Penny, of the county aforesaid, .One year- 
ling cow calf. 

Item. I give and Bequeath unto Robert Ruffin, son of Wil- 
liam Ruffin of the Isle of Wight county af'd, one Heifer of the 
proper Mark of me the s'd William Jewry. 

Item. I give and Bequeath unto John Arran, son of John 
Arran of the County af'd a calf, all and singular, the rest of my 
estate I give and Bequeath unto my dear and loving friend ye 
af'd Jno. Aarran, for r , and of this my last Will and Testament 
do make and ordain him full and sole Executor. 

In Witness whereof I, the said William Jewry, renouncing all 
former wills to this my last Will & Testament, have set my hand 
the first of January Anno Domini, 1651. 

William X Jewry. 

Signed and delivered in the presence of us. 

Richard R. P Penny, William XR Ruffin, William Westray. 
Mark. Mark. 

[I never heard of the family of Jewry. It will be noticed that 
he directs his body to be buried in the parish church. — R. S. T.] 



I, John Oliver, being in good Health of Body and bound for 
England, do order and dispose of that estate the which it hath 
pleased God of his Mercy to bestow upon me (in case it should 
please God to take me to himself before I shall return hither to 
Virginia again), as follovveth: 

Item. I make my loving wife Ellin Oliver, my full and whole 
executrix of all and every part of my Estate, those Legacies 
hereafter, being first paid. For my Land on which I now live 
and Two Hundred acres of Land which I have at Blackwater, I 
do Give and Bequeath unto my two Daughters equally between 
them, &c. * * [Unimportant clauses omitted.] 

Item. I give and Bequeath unto my son John a cow calf which 
is fallen this year. 

Item. For all the rest of my estate I do leave it wholy to my 
loving wife whom before I have made my whole Executrix to be 
at her disposing. And for the performance of this my last Will 
and testament, I do appoint my loving friends James Pyland 
and Robert Bird, Overseers. In witness whereof I have here- 
unto set my hand and seal this 19th of April, 1652. 

John Oliver, (Seal.) 
Testes : 

James Pyland, John Burton, John X Reining. 



(Printed July, 189S. By R. S. T.) 

John Moon was a burgess in 1639 an< ^ in 1652. Va. Mag. of 
Hist, and Biog., Vol. II, p. 99. I Henn., 370. I have known 
of Moonsfield and Moon's creek all my life. Moonsfield was in 
my earliest knowledge a part of the estate of Willis Wilson and 
after his death it was bought and is now owned by Henry Diggs. 
It is near the mouth of Pagan creek. Moon's creek flows into 
Pagan creek. Red Point projects into Pagan creek about a mile 
and a half from Smithfield and runs back thence to the Old 
Brick Church, lying upon Pagan and Cypress creeks. Cypress 
creek flows into Pagan creek at Smithfield. The King of All 
Places is the first landing on Cypress creek and is so called from 


its very high bluffs, and the channel of the creek which runs 
right up to the bluff, and its depth of water. From the mouth 
of Pagan creek there are extensive flats extending thirty, forty, 
fifty feet and more from the shore, preventing the easy loading 
of a vessel, but at the King of All Places the vessel can be right 
up at the shore and be loaded without the least trouble; hence 
it was The King of All Places for shipping purposes. This is 
perfectly apparent ' ' to the oldest inhabitant ' ' now, but ' ' the old- 
est inhabitant" never dreampt that these names were so an- 
cient. The King of All Places is on the land of Mr. John 
Grimes, and the farms now owned by John Grimes, James P. 
Andrews, E. M. Morrison, W. D. Folk, A. Bunkley and Henry 
Diggs, will easily show the possessions of John Moon and en- 
able anyone to have quite a good idea of Bethlehem, Bethlehem 
creek, Bethsaida and all other places mentioned in the will of 
John Moon. 


[Unimportant clauses are omitted.] 

In the name of God, Amen. I, John Stiles, being sick and 
weak in Body, but of perfect memory, * * 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son, John Stiles, all my 
Plantation, being Two Hundred acres of land, together with the 
cattle hereafter specified (vizt. ): one Brown Cow called by the 
name of paile, and one Brinded pyde cow called by the name of 
Fortune, and a red cow with a bob tail, a pale red cow called by 
the name of Rose, and one whitish brown pyed Heifer about 
three years old, and one blackish cow calfe, white aboute the 
udder and about the hinder feet [&c], all which cattle, being 
seven in number, do give unto my son, John Stiles, with all their 

Item. I give unto John Murry, my Godson, One cow cafe, 
to be paid the next ensuing year. 

Item. I give unto Elizabeth Johnson, my God daughter, one 
cow calfe, to be paid two years hence. 

Item. I give unto Joane Maddin, my God daughter, one cow 
calfe, to be paid three vears hence. 


Item. I give and bequeath all the remainder of my Estate, 
whether Cattel, Hoggs, Household Stuff, Servants, Debts or 
any other thing to me belonging or any wise appertaining, unto 
my loving Wife, Elizabeth Stiles, and do make her my full and 
whole Execu x of this my last Will and Testament. I do desire 
my loveing friend, Humphrey Clark, to be my Overseer to see 
this my last Will and Testament performed & fullfilled. And in 
witness of the truth hereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal 

this 26th of Octob 1 , 16S2. 

John S Stiles. 
Being present — 

Thomas Johnson, James Pyland. 

[I never heard of a Stiles in the county.] 


This is the last Will and Testament of me, Joseph Cobbs, aged 
sixty years of age or thereabouts. Imprimis. I do bequeath 
unto my well beloved wife, Elizabeth Cobbs, one parcel of land 
containing Three Hundred Acres of Land or thereabout, com- 
monly called Goose Hill Land. And further I do Bequeath 
unto my well beloved Wife all Moveables that are upon the s d 
land, as cattle (to say), seventeen head of cows and yearlings 
and three calves, with Hoggs, Young and old, Thirty Two or 
thereabouts. Provided she does marry, ye said children that 
are left shall have each a child's proportion, and so to be devided 
between them. And further I do Bequeath to my son, Benjamin 
Cobbs, one red cow and her calf. Item. And further I do Be- 
queath to my son, Pharoah Cobbs, one cow and her calf, red. 
Item. And further I do Bequeath unto my daughter, Elizabeth 
Cobbs, one black cow and one black yearling. Item. This is 
my last Will and Testament, now living at the mercy of God on 
my death bed in good sense. As Witness my hand this ist day 
of March, Anno Dom. 1653-4. 

Joseph S Cobbs. [Seal.] 

Signed, Sealed and Deliv d in ye presence of us, 
Joseph Dunn, Jno. Childs. 


[The county of Southampton was cut off from the county of 
Isle of Wight in 1752, and in 1833 the Cobbs of Southampton 
were united by marriage to the Ferns of Isle of Wight, with 
whom they had been friends and neighbors more than one hun- 
dred and eighty years before.] 


[Unimportant clauses omitted.] 

The first Day of May, 1654. I, Christopher Reynolds, of the 
Isle of Wight County, in Virginia, planter, being healthful in 
Body and Sound in Mind and Memory. * * 

Imprimis. I give and Bequeath unto my Son, Christopher 
Reynolds, all my land on the Southerly side of the freshest 
Swamp that Richard Jordan now liveth upon. And I give unto 
my son John, all my Land on the Northerly Side of the freshest 
Swamp, and one cow, and he to enjoy the said Land at Twenty 
one years of age. And unto my son Richard, I give all my 
Land I now live upon and one cow, and he to enjoy the s d land 
at Twenty one years of age. And my daughter Abbasha, I 
have given unto her a Portion already, which was two cows and 
two calves. And I give unto my daughter Elizabeth, one Hei- 
fer of two years old, besides the stock I gave her formerly. And 
unto my daughter Jane, I give one cow and one yearling Heifer. 
And I give unto George Rivers one yearling Heifer. And I 
give unto the child my wife now goeth with if it lives two cows, 
to enjoy them at three years old. And if any of my children 
dye, my will is that the other should succeed what estate they 
leave. And unto Elizabeth, my loving wife, I give all the rest 
of my estate, both goods and chattels, moveable and unmove- 
able, and debts that are due to me from any person or persons 
whatsoever, and my two servants, she paying all my debts truly 
and justly. And I do constitute and ordain Elizabeth, my lov- 
ing wife, my whole and sole Executrix. And my will is that 
my wife, Elizabeth, shall have the ordering and bringing up 
John and Richard, my sons, until they be sixteen years of age, 
and Elizabeth & Jane until they be fifteen years of age. In wit- 


ness whereof, I, the s d Christopher Reynolds, have hereunto set 
my Hand & Seal the Day and Year first above written. 

Christopher Reynolds. [Seal.] 

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of 

Sylvester B Bullen, Anthony A Mathews. 
Mark. Mark. 

[Charles Reynolds was Burgess in 1652. In Will Book, No. 
2, there is an appraisement of the estate of Richard Reynolds, 
on June 24, 1707, and the will of a Richard Reynolds, on July 
7, 171.1, in which he speaks of his loving wife, Elizabeth, and 
his sons, Richard, Sharp, Christopher. The same book con- 
tains the will of John Reynolds, March 11, 1668, and of Henry 
Reynolds, April 6, 1679. 

The family of Reynolds still continues in the county.] 


(Unimportant clause omitted.) 

I, Humphrey Clark, of the Isle of Wight county, Cooper, 
being sick and weak in Body, but of perfect memory. 

And for the rest of my Worldly estates after my debts paid, I 
do dispose of in manner and form following: 

I do give unto my son John Clarke and to his heirs, all Lands 
whatsoever that do belong to me by any Rights, Patents or 
otherwise whatsoever, with the best Feather bed unto me now 
belonging, with what furniture belongs to it, with one half of 
what cattle are mine. And the other half I do give and Bequeath 
to my wife Jane Clark. 

Item. I do give more unto my loving wife Jane Clarke, all 
my Household stuff with all other my furniture in the house, as 
Linen & Woolen, only such excepted as are in this my will 

Item. I do give unto my daughter in law Jane Brunt, one 
feather bed with what furniture belongs to it. I do acknowledge 
that six hundred pounds of tobacco due from John Shery doth 
belong unto Jane Brunt. 

Item. I do give unto my two kinswomen Jane How and 


Mary Clarke, each of them one cow calf to be delivered this 
Fall. And whereas Mary Clark is a Covenant-Servant for seven 
years I do remitt and give her three years of her time. 

Item. I do desire and appoint that my servants shall be kept 
together and the one half of the benefit of their Labour shall be 
made use of for the maintenance of son John Clarke at school. 

Item. I do give unto Thomas Holmes and John Williams 
each of them one yearling Heifer. 

Item. I do give unto William Godwin, John Williams, 
Welchman and my servant, each of them one Cow calf to be 
deliv'd the next Fall after this. 

Item. It is my will that my wife Jane Clark shall not make 
away, nor give at her decease any part of this estate from my 
son John Clark, but at her decease all which I have left to her 
for her maintenance to be properly his. Likewise I do make 
my loving wife Jane Clark my lawful executrix and no other. 
And I do appoint my well beloved friend Robert Bird, Over- 
seer of this my last Will and for the performance of it to all true 
intents and purposes. Thus I do Renounce and Revoke all for- 
mer wills, nullifying them: and Ratifying & confirming this. 

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 3d 

March, 1655. 

Humphrey Clark. 

Thomas Holmes, William Bracey, Alice C Bostock. 


[There are no Clarks now in the county that I know of, whose 
ancestors were of the early settlers.] 


I, Robert Dunster, being weak and sick of Body, but of sound 
and perfect memory, do bequeath my Soul to God, my Sin to 
the Devil, and my Body to the Earth to be buried in ye usual 
Burying Place. And for my worldly goods I do dispose of it 
by this my last Will and Testament as followeth (viz.): 

I give unto my dearly beloved wife all my debts due to me 
either by Bill or Bond or otherwise in Virginia. Item. I give 
unto my beloved wife likewise all my cattle both young and old, 


male and female. Item. I give unto my loving" wife all my 
Hoggs male and female. Item. I give unto my loving wife 
aforesaid all my Household goods whatsoever and all my wear- 
ing apparel and all my books. Lastly I give unto my loving 
wife this mv now dwelling plantation, both Housing and Ground. 
I give likewise unto my Brother, Leonard Dunster, half a crown, 
and to his son, William Dunster, half a crown after my Decease, 
and all this to be fully accomplished according to the true Intent 
and Meaning hereof. Witness my hand. 

Robert Dunster. 
Witness us — 

Wm. Travers, Wm. Jux, Thomas T Wright. 


[Probated May 17, 1656. He was the minister who was a wit- 
ness to the will of Robert Watson on November 6, 1651. Wil- 
liam Jewry, in 1651, directed his body to be buried in the Parish 
Church, and Robert Dunster directs his body to be buried in the 
usual burying place. The ' ' usual burying place ' ' was at the 
Parish Church from 1623-4, if not from 1619. I Hening, page 
123. The usual burying place for the Upper Parish was at the 
Old Bay Church, and for the Lower at the Old Brick Church 
built in 1632.] 


Letter from Lancelot Lee, of Coton, England, to 
Thomas Lee, of Stratford, Va. 

(From copy in Collections of Virginia Historical Society.) 

[The letter printed below throws new light on the subject of 
the English ancestry of the Virginia Lees, as it shows who was 
the person from whom Hon. Thomas Lee claimed descent. This 
letter is evidently in reply to one from Thomas Lee, of Stratford. 
And it is also evident that Lancelot Lee has understood his cor- 
respondent to state that the Richard Lee, named as being ances- 


tor of the American family, went to Virginia in 1616. This, of 
course, as far as it refers to the settlement of Thomas Lee's fam- 
ily in Virginia, is an error; and it seems probable that it is a mis- 
understanding of Lancelot Lee. Thomas Lee was twenty-four 
years of age when his father, Richard Lee 2d, died, and the lat- 
ter was sixteen when his father, Colonel Richard Lee, the immi- 
grant, died. There can be no doubt that Thomas Lee would 
know perfectly well about what time his grandfather settled in 
the Colony. He must also have been familiar with the titles to 
his own lands, which had descended from his grandfather, and 
these would show him that his ancestor was not in Virginia as 
early as 1616. So it may be concluded, with a fair degree of 
certainty, that Thomas Lee did not state that Richard, brother 
of Thomas Lee, of Coton, came to Virginia in 1616, or that his 
emigrant ancestor came in that year. The chief value of the 
letter is that Hon. Thomas Lee, who could readily, after he 
reached manhood, have received the information from his father, 
who was born in 1647, claimed descent from a Richard Lee, 
whose father died in 1605. It seems highly probable that this 
Richard Lee (the son of John Lee, of Coton) was father of Col- 
onel Richard Lee, the immigrant to Virginia. 

This letter was unknown to Dr. Edmund J. Lee; but Mr. Wil- 
liam Blackstone Lee, of Seend, Wilts., England, in his sketch of 
the Lees of Langley and Coton, contained in Dr. Lee's admirable 
book, says, after naming the sons of John, of Coton, and ac- 
counting for several of them: "But what of Edward, Rich- 
ard and Jasper? The question is very interesting, in view of 
the problem as to the immediate parentage of Colonel Richard 
Lee, the first of the Virginia branch, as either of the brothers 
might, in point of time, have been his father. " 

The first letter here printed was addressed to General Robert 
E. Lee.] 

Fair Fountain, August 1, 1866. 
My dear General: 

Permit a stranger to trouble you with a few interrogatories 
respecting the Lee family. I herewith enclose you a letter from 
Lancelot Lee to Hon. Thomas Lee, President of the Colony of 
Virginia, which I thought might be of some interest to you, in 


connection with the early history of your family. The letter is 
dated as far back as 1745 and it traces the Lee family back to 
the early part of the reign of William the Norman. This is the 
most authentic account we have of the Lee family before it im- 
migrated to this country. 

You would very much oblige me if you could find time in 
your vacation, by giving me a brief sketch of the Lee family 
after it reached this country — both of those who settled in Vir- 
ginia, and those who settled in this State. I am descended from 
that branch of the family which settled in Maryland. My mother 
was a Miss Clerklee, her father was named fames Clerk and 
married Margaret Russell Lee, and they for some reason 
combined their names and made it Clerklee. Richard Lee of 
Blenheim, my ancestor, who acted for a short time as Proprietary 
Governor of Maryland in 1772, vice Robert Eden, who had gone 
to England at that time, had two sons, Richard and Philip 
Thomas. Of what became of Richard I have no account, but 
Philip Thomas was the father of Margaret Russell Lee — the 
mother of Caroline Ashton Clerklee, my mother, Clerklee was 
my mother's maiden name. She married Josias Hawkins, of 
this county, known as Judge Hawkins. 

I have just completed a "family tree" of my father's family, 
tracing it as far back as we have any certain account, I want now 
to make a similar one of my mother's family, and if you could help 
me with any records or reminiscences that can be relied on as 
correct, you will do me a favor that I will not know how to re- 

You may make any disposition you like of the letter I enclose. 

I am with great respect, my dear General, ■ 

Your obedient servant, 

Josias Hawkins. 
Please address: 

Josias Hawkins, Port Tobacco, Charles county, Maryland. 
Letter of Lancelot Lee to the Hon. Thomas Lee 

Copy of a letter from Lancelot Lee of England, to the Hon. 
Thomas Lee, President of the Colony of Virginia, dated, Coton, 
Shropshire, May 21st, 1745: 


The first of our family came into England with the Saxons. 
One of the descendants was High Sheriff of this county in the 
19th of William the Conquerer. Till the year 1327 there is no 
mention where they lived and then John Lee is called Dominie 
de Boden. Robert, his grandson in 1385, married Margaret, 
daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Astley, of Nordley (which 
estate we have possessed ever since), and in her right quarter 
the Astley arms, as you see on my seal. By her he had two 
sons, Roger and John. Roger is called Dominie de Langley. 
This place is near Shrewsbury — it continued in the elder Branch 
of our family till it was extinct. Humphrey, one of Roger's 
descendants, was created a Baronet. In Gibon's edition of Cam- 
den's Britania, after a description of Shrewsbury, is this account: 
"Near this town is situated Langley, the seat of the ancient 
family of Lees, which is now extinct." They knew nothing of 
the second son John, from whom we are descended. 

John married Locosa Packinton (of a Worcestershire family), 
and had by her one son, Thomas, who married Elizabeth Cor- 
bine. They had an only son, Thomas, who married Johanna 
Minter, of Haughton. Humphrey, his son, built a house about 
a half mile from Nordley, and called it Coton — the family seat 
ever since. He married Catharine Blount. This marriage pro- 
duced an only son, John, the father of our ancestors. He mar- 
ried Locosa Rowney (of a Worcestershire family), who was a 
fruitful example to her descendants, about the year 1560, and 
had by her eight sons — Thomas, his heir, William, who died an 
infant, Edward, Gilbert, Jasper, Richard, Ferdinand and Tobias. 
We have no account of what became of any of them, so that 
some of their posterity may still be living as well as yourself. 
Thomas married between the years 1584 and 1590; at that time 
he must have been between twenty and thirty years old. Your 
ancestor, Richard, you see, was the sixth son, so that he must 
have been at least that number of years younger than his brother 
Thomas. By this computation, in the year 1616 (at which time 
you say he came to Virginia); he must have been between thirty 
and forty years old. A fine time of life, when the understand- 
ing and body are in full perfection, to undertake the settlement 
of a colony. By the desire I have myself to know the particu- 
lars of your branch of the family, since the separation, I judge 


that the following particulars, relating to my own, will be agree- 
able to you: 

Thomas married Dorothy Patty, of Pockford, in their county, 
and had the following children: Lancelot, his son and heir, Eli- 
nora, Jocosa, Jane, John (extinct), Catharine, Mary, Anne and 
Martha. Of what became of the daughters, I have no account. 
Lancelot had two wives, Jane Hempson and Elizabeth Gough 
(both of Staffordshire families). He died in 1663, aged 70. 
By his first wife he left three children — John, who died unmar- 
ried, Thomas, his heir, and Richard; by his second wife he left 
seven children — Lancelot, Thomas, Humphrey, Dorothv, Eliza- 
beth, Ann and Jane. Thomas had three wives; the first was 
mother to my father; she brought him Eldred, Lancelot, John, 
Thomas and Dorothy. Her name was Dorothy Eldred, of a 
Suffolk family. His second wife was Lady Mary Hewit, widow 
of Doctor Hewit and daughter of the Earl of Lindsey; she 
brought no children. The third wife was Charity Rivers, of a 
Kentish family; by- her he had George, James and John. My 
father, Eldred Lancelot Lee, married the youngest daughter of 
Sir Harry Gough, of a Staffordshire family. She is now alive. 
We are at present a numerous family — seven daughters and three 
sons. My Uncle Thomas' widow is still living, and she has one 
son, who has changed his name and has a good estate in Wilt- 
shire. My Uncle John left behind him one son, who is a clergy- 
man and has a living in Oxfordshire. It is very extraordinary 
that any family, considering the great revolutions that have so 
frequently happened in England, should remain for nearly 700 
years in the same state which our family has done. The last 
two or three generations must certainly have been very frugal, 
or they could not have preserved the estate. Variety of wives 
and a large number of daughters are a very heavy weight upon 
land, and can only be balanced by very prudent management. 
The estate has been increased only in proportion to the value of 
money. By this may very fairly be collected that we are not 
an avaricious people. From the first part of this letter you will 
readily discover me to be a talkative young man, who has not 
had the cares of a family to compose his mind; curiosity has 
thrown me a good deal abroad in the world, but at present I live 
in the country, entirely taken up with the diversions my gardens 


and fields afford me, and endeavoring to make Mahomet's Par- 
adise by Art, which you enjoy by Nature. Your fruits and 
shades are indeed delightful. I have tasted them in the Eastern 
though not in the " Western " World. In both I imagine they 
are equally perfect; but Mahomet's own black-eyed girls could 
not excel our English women. At least I would think so, had I 
once fixed my choice. I have proportioned the length of my 
letter to the length of the journey it must go; by the length of 
your return, I shall measure your approbation. 

After all give me leave to beg a small favor of you — the fol- 
lowing trees are, I believe, native of Virginia, which I have en- 
deavored to procure the seeds of, but have hitherto been 
unsuccessful — the Virginia Cypress (it grows on wet, marshy 
land), the scarlet oak and the Paria, or scarlet flowering horse 
chestnut. The cones of the Cypress should be sent entire; the 
acorns and chestnuts will easily keep so short a voyage. Pardon 
this trouble, which if I can return with anything this Island 
affords within my power, you may fully command. 
Your humble servant, 

(Signed) Lancelot Lee. 

Mr. Thomas Lee. 


An Inventory of all the S * * * and personal 
property of the hon'ble robert carter of the 
county of Lancaster Esq., Deceased, taken as di- 

(Continued from last number.) 

R. A T . 6. A Box abt. half full of Ditto. 

A Box qt. two Coach Glasses, i of them broke, A small box 
with some Jesuits Bark in it, A Cask qt. 10 p r wool cards, 3 
Chests with Medicines in them, A Box qt. 23 Beer Glasses, A 
D° qt. , Some Indigo, A Do. qt., Some gun flints, 6 loafs Double 


Refined Sugar, 4 pound pepper, Some Cinnamon, Cloves and 
Mace — In a Cask. 

Loose In the said Store, Vizt: 

3 Butchers pads, 5 Leather Bucketts, 1 Womans pillion & 
cover, 8 pr. holsters and Breast plates, 1 old Embroarderd 
Housing- pistol Caps, 1 pr. grey Cloth Laced pistol Caps, 1 pr. 
saddle baggs, 2 chairs with Ronshia Leather Seats, 6 chince 
Trapps, 3 physick Sifters, A parcel of Barras, 3 Bottles Strough- 
tone Dropps, 1 Carpenter's adz, 1 New X Cut Saw, A pr. large 
Iron bolts for a Door, 2 pr. Large pott hooks, 1 brass Shovel, 
'2 chamber locks, 8 stone jugs, 6 large stone Bottles, 2 large 
earthern pans full of Turpentine, A Bottle of oyle of Turpen- 
tine, 1 Dripping pan, 3 double or flint racking Bottles, A 
pottle pewter pott, 9 weavers stays, 1 Cource Sifter, 2 Mopps, 
4 house brooms, 3 house Lanthorns, 1 Tin Apple Roaster, 
A Baskett lin'd with Tin. 

In the Chamber over the Brick Store. 

The following Books vizt. * * Works, vol 1st, * * 2d, 
Ditto, vol. 1st, * * vol. 2d, * * lgemont, vol. 1st, 
* * vol. 2d, Burnets history of his own time, Ditto history of 
the Reformacon, vol" 1st, Ditto vol. 2d, Ditto vol. 3d, Predeaux's 
history, vol. 1st, Ditto vol. 2d, Tillotsons 54 sermons, Cowley's 
Works, Wesley's life of Christ, Bracton de Legibus, Camden's 
Brittania, Statutes from Magna Charta to 43d of Eliz a , Poole's 
annotations, vol. 1st, Colton's Concordance, Pulton's Collection of 
the Statutes, Tryals beginning 1681, Baker's Chronicles, Pollex- 
fen's Reports, Bohuns Reports in parliament, the 4 last parlia- 
ments of Queen Eliz a , Cases in Chancery from the 12th of Car: 
the 2d to ye 31st, Ditto from ye 30th car: 2d to ye 4th Jac: 2d, 
Addison's, quartos, Works, vol. 4th, Friends Acco't of Earl 
Peterborough's Conduct, Paschal' s Thoughts, Bohuns Institut , 
Temples Life, Gentlemans Calling, Cheney's Essay of health & 
Long Life, Dittos Essay of Ditto, Amyortor, Reports in Chan- 
cery, vol. 1st, Ditto 2d, L'Estrang's Josephus, vol. 2d, Ditto 
3d, Fuller's Body of prescripts, Puffendorfer's Introduction, 
Poperry against Christianity, Bangor's answer to the Committee, 
Styles's Register. 


Chamber over ye Brick Store, Contin ' d. 

The following Books, vizt: 8vo. Boyles on the style of the 
Scriptures, Defence of the Rights, Horace, Terence, Greek and 
Lattin Lexicon, Scotts Xtion Life, vol 5th, Duke of Bucking- 
ham's Works, vol 1st, Terms of the Law, Oldham's Works, A 
Gentleman's Religion, Of Trust in God, The Truth of the Xtian 
Religion, Dr. South' s 12 Sermons, Fides Sermons, vol. 3d, Til- 
lotson's Works, vol. 4th, Do. Do., vol. 5th, Rapins history of 
Eng'\ vol. 1st, Ditto 2d, Ditto 3d, Ditto 4th, Ditto 5th, 
Ditto 6th, Ditto 7th, Ditto 8th, Assemblys Catechism, Reforma- 
tion of Manners, Do. of Do., Dirrections for the Study of the' 
Laws, English examples, Tothills Chancery. 

A surveying instrument, 2 cane chairs, 1 old leather Ditto, a 
square table, a Dressing glass, a chest of drawers, 2 high Bed 
steads, a pr. sear sucker Curtains, vallens & head cloths, a pr. 
blew & w 1 Cotton chex curtains & vallens, a pr. stuff curtains 
and vallens, a pr. stamped cotton Curtains & vallens & head 
cloths, a pr. striped Cotton Curtains & vallens. 

In the Brick House Loft. 

7 Trunks, 7 old Cane chairs, 1 Bed stead, 1 small Oval Card 
Table, 1 Black Leather chair, 1 chair with a Roushia Leather 
Bottom, 1 napkin press, 1 chest of Draws, a parcel of Lumber, 
1 Red chaney arm chair, 4 old Turkey workt chairs, 1 large oyle 
cloth to lay under a Table, 2 skreens. 

In the Rum Cellar. 

5 casks sugar, 2 hhds. of rum, 1 Teirce ditto, 2 pipes Madera 
wine, 1 hhd. Virginia Brandy, 4 empty hhd s , 2 pewter gall potts, 
1 Ditto pottle Do, 1 Ditto quart Do, 1 Ditto Funnel. 

/;/ the Outward Cellar. 
3 hhds. molasses, 14 Cyder Casks. 

In the Kitchen. 

1 Fish Kettle & cover, 5 old coppers sorted, * new copper 

about 40 gall , * stewpan and cover, * pan, * kettle, 

* sauspan, * kettle, * covers, * ittes, * 8 old iron 


potts, 6 ordinary Ditto, i frying pan, 3 pr. pott racks, 4 pr. pott 
hooks, 1 pr. Tongs & shovels, 1 Dripping pan, 3 spitts, 2 Grid- 
irons, 1 Iron bread Toaster, a pr. large hand Irones, 2 Tin pye 
pans, 1 Brass skillett, 1 Bell mettle Ditto, 9 old pewter Candle 
Moulds, 1 cold still, 21 old pewter Basons, 1 old Ditto cullendar, 
1 Ditto cheese plate, 1 Ditto Magoreen Dish, 12 very old pewter 
Dishes, 19 pewter Dishes Sorted, 3 good Soop Dishes & one 
old one, 2 doz. Soop plates, 3 doz. pewter plates, 1 doz. and 10 
old pewter plates, 10 earthern jarrs, 1 old Broken pestle & mor- 

/;/ the Kitchen Loft. 

A Feather Bed, Bolster and pillow, 2 blankets and a Rugg, a 
pr. Canvas sheets. 

In the Pantry. 

1 Dozen casks with paint in them, no. 2 a Jarr of Linseed 
oyle, one Do. of Do. about half full, 4 Tob° hhds. full of allom 
salt, 4 casks of Ditto, 1 Ditto half full of white salt. 

In the Office. 

1 large Black walnut Book case, 1 smaller Ditto, 1 p. hand 
irons, 1 poker. 

In the Office Store. 

A Box of paint, 1 ps. Cotton qt. 84 yds., 1 ps. Ditto qt. Si 
Do., 1 ps. Ditto qt. 80 Do. — 245 yards. 1 Ready made Bedtick, 
Bolster & two pill Ticks, 6 yards & half cullered Fustian, 30 
pr. negros Cotten stockings, 5 monmoth caps, 19 pair plain 
shoes, 3 pr. woman's falls, 1 pr. Boy's Ditto, 6 yards haircloth, 
29 yards & ^ fine bro. Holland, 1 Remnant Devonsh 1 " Kersy 
2% yards, 1 Ditto 4 Do., 1 Ditto 6% Do. — 13 yds. 3^ yards 
Coarce Kersie, 8 yards shalloon, 16 yards yellow do, 4^ yards 
of course w k ' pladding, 11 1 / 2 yards verry cource Bed ticking, a 
large parcel of Hobbnails, 3 pr. Sheep Shears, 1 Lathing ham- 
mer, 1 p s Table diaper qt. 26 yards, 1 Do. 22^ yards, 1 Do. 15 
yards, 1 Do. 17^ yards — 81}^ yds. 1 p s Broad Ditto of 12% 
yds., 16 yards of Barras, \6 l / 2 yards cotten, a parcel Cullered 
thread, 6 Blew Mill'd yarn caps, 9 yarn Caps, 1 Snaffle Bridle, 
1 Bed cord, 3 large new pew r dishes, 1 Deep Ditto, 1 stock lock, 
a cask of clay'd sugar marked R. No. 12. 


In the Office Chambers. 

139 negroes kersey Coats, 4 pr. Irish hose, 1 wool bed, 8 ne- 
groes Bed ticks, 22 caddovvs, 8 yards blew Bays, 3 Feather Beds, 
3 Bolsters, 1 pillow, 3 Ruggs, 4 pr. Blanketts, 2 new Basketts, 240 
pound of wool, one pr. small stilliards, a Large parcel of Black 
walnutt in the Loft. 

In the Spinning house. 

1 old Flock Bed, 3 small Physick sifters, 1 pr. Blanketts, 3 pr. 
large Taylor's shears, 1 Rug & Caddow, 1 Ballmottle mortar & 
Iron pestle, 1 pr. hand irons. 

In ye Spinning House Chambers.. 

1 high Bedstead, 2 feather Bedds & 2 Bolsters, 3 pr. Blank- 
etts and 3 Ruggs. 

In the nezv Dairy Store. 

4 p r Fine Damask for Table Cloths, 3 ps. ditto for Napkins, 
1 ps. fine Tablein of diaper, qt. 20 yards ; 1 ps. Ditto, do., 20^4 
yards — 40^. 1 p r Course Ditto No. 1, qt. 26 yds. ; 2, 20 yds.; 
3, 15/^ yards — 61 ^ yards. 1 ps. Fine narrow hucca back, 1 
pr. fine Broad ditto, 35 yards fine brown Holland, 1 ps. fine 
sheeting Holland 34 yds., 1 & 1 ps. Do., Do., 33^ do. — 67^ 
yards. * * * Course Garlix, No. 20 qt. , 26, Course Ditto, 
11 — 37 ells. Garlix No. 244, 20 ells ; 244, 20V2 do. ; 400, ig3^ 
do.; 4, 23*4 do.; 203, 21^ do. — 105 ells. No. 400, a Reran' 
qt. 16 1 -2 yards fine garlix, 34 yds. Co. Liverpool sheeting Lin- 
nen, 103 yds. brown osnabirgs, 16 yds. sacking, 9 & y? brown 
and cullered thread, 23 yds. and half Durays, 5 yds. Dimothy, 
y 2 yd. silk for puffs, 1 pr. gar s for Breec s Knees, 1 hk. of silk, 
Chks. Mohair, 3 doz. & 10 Ct. Buttons, 3doz. & 6 Ct. do., 1 
yd. & y 2 Buckram, 1 yd. & y Wadding — For a suit of Cloathes. 
40 Monmoth Caps, 8 doz. & 4 pr. Irish hose — In a Chest, R. 
No. 2. 13 ps. Ordinary Bedsack, 10 p s Better Ditto, 5 p s w le 
pladding each of 20 yds., 25 yards wadding, 7 pr. mens falls, 7 
pr. womens ditto, 30 brass Dropps for Draws, 32 Do. Scutch- 
ones, 5 Ditto Knob locks each 2 bolts, 19 Ditto Desk Locks and 
Keys, 13 Scretore Locks and Keys, 7 yards Blew half Thicks — 
In a Cask. 


New Dairy Store — Continued. 

R. : i pr. Cource Kersey 18 : i ; i Ditto, 2 ; 7 Ditto, 3 ; 4 
Ditto, 4 ; 7 Ditto, 5 ; r Ditto, 6 ; 1 Ditto, S ; 1 Ditto, 10 ; 
1 Ditto, 13; 1 Ditto, 14; 1 Ditto, 16 — ab'iSyds. each. Do. 
No. 11, 16 yards ; 12, 5 Do.; 15, 8 Do. — 29 yards. 

21 p'es Blew Oznad's, vizi: 

23/2 yards. 

22 ' 4 










2j\.y 2 


155^ yds. 



24^ yards. 


' Do. 

26 Do. 



2 2 1/2 Do. 

22 y 


22^ Do. 



22^ Do. 

jsy 2 


1 2 }4 Do. 



6y Do. 

151 > 


138 yds. 

i r ards- 



443^ yards. 

J?. N. 2. A Chest qt. 30 pr. Virga. Yarn hose. 

2 boxes of window glass, 2 ditto of do. lead, 4 Kirb bridles, 3 
half Kirb do., 2 snaffles do., 9 leather halters, 12 ham thongs, 12 
cart saddles, 10 collers and hams, 10 cart bridles, 6 Rope halters 
with Leather head stalls, 4 mill padds, 3 pr. mens wove worsted 
hose, 6 Coarce Sifters, 5 Brass Wyre wheat Ryners, i l M- Red, 
blew and yellow thread. 5 pair Brooms, 3 scrubbing Brushes, A 
Cask of Corke, 10 Iron Shovels, 14 cart wheel boxes, 2 scyths. 

A Chest qt. vizt : 

9 pr. Dice, 2 Brass Cocks, 4 Ink glasses, 4 sand 

glasses, 1 pr. Brass scales & the following w ts viz' : 2, 4 pounds, 
1, 2 pound, 2, y 2 Pds., 1, *2 P d , 1, y P' 1 , 2, 2 ozs. and 2 ounce 
wts., y\. yellow mohair, 3 pr. moth Eaten yarn hose, 8 Doz. and 
y 2 Mettle Buttons, 3 large News Ledgers, 1 large new book for 
Registaring Deeds. 


/;/ the new Dairy. 

A broken napkin press, i Small Oval table, A couch and Cuf- 
byeen, 3 Leather chairs, a safe, a Flower tray, 28 Butter potts 
sorted, 7 Earthern Milk pans, 6 ditto dishes, 1 Doz. Tin Patty 
pans, a Marble Mortar and Pestle, 1 chocolate Stone, 2 Lawn 
searches, 1 Course Sifter, a pr. small stilliards, 54 barrels of Pork, 
7 tubs of Pork, a 14 Pound weight, a large grindstone at the 
Dairy Door. 

In the Old Dairy. 

* * * chest of Drawers, * * * sk, * * * eel of 
Old Lumber. 

In the New Dairy Loft. 

R. N: 2: A Box qt. 3 doz. Monmouth caps, 3 cloathes 
Brushes, 1 Copper warming pan, 9 steel cork screws, 1 Brass 
skillett & frame. 

Loose. — 1 earthen Butter pott -j;ds full of Turpentine, 20 
Ditto Butter potts sorted, 2 ditto quart muggs, 4 ditto pint ditto, 
4 ditto Tea potts, 12 ditto w"' porrengers, 2 ditto gall brown 
Juggs, 4 ditto white Chamber potts, 1 ditto ditto Bason, 8 doz. 
do. plates, 1 doz. do. soup Do., 18 ditto Dishes, 3 ditto large 
punch bowls, 6 water glasses, 4 ceader cans, a large Hall Lan- 
thorn, 2 large Iron Rails, A Large parcel of Black walnutt in 
the cock loft, 3 doz. Jelly Glasses in a small box. 

In a Chest, vizt : 

2 doz. large water glasses. 7 small ditto. 9 glass Muggs, 10 
large Beer glasses, 3 Doz. Smaller ditto, 8 small wine glasses, 3 
Glass Rummers, 2 ditto cruits. 

I)i the Outward Cyder house. 

6 pork Barrels, 13 cyder casks, a hhd. of new sloop sails, a 
new covering sail, a sett of sloops old sails; sails, sculls & oars 
belonging to ye pinnice, yawl & flatts, 1 brass cock, 2 Barrels of 
finger pease, abt. 10 bushels Do. in the Loft, 1 hhd. molassus. 

/;/ the Inward Cyder house. 

3 hhds. molassus, 21 cyder casks. 


In the Smith ' s Shop. 

i Large Anvil, i pike do., a pr. bellows, 2 sledge hammers, 3 
small Ditto, 1 large Vice, 2 small Ditto, 4 Files, sorted, 5 pr. 
Tongs, 1 poker & fire Shovel, 1 slice, 3 chizzels, 2 screwplates, 
4 nail bores, 1 large new mill spindle, A parcel of Old Iron, 2 
yokes, fitt for use, 1 ditto, unfinished, 1 Ox chain, 3 old Mus- 
quitts, 2 boxes for Coach Wheels, 2 pr. & half of H hinges. 

In the Quarter. 

1 old large broken pott, 1 large pott and hooks, 2 iron pestles, 
1 pr. old hand Irons, 1 spade, 1 hand malt mill, 3 old Spinning 
Wheels, 1 wooden horse, to dry cloths on. 

In the Or. Lofts. 

3 feather beds and 2 bolster, 6 ruggs, 1 pr. blankets, 3 pr. 
sheets, 1 bedstead, 1 spade, 7 garden Virg a Bell glasses, 2 Eng- 
lish Ditto, 1 old square table, 1 pr. old hand-Irons, 1 pr. Tongs, 

1 good box Iron & stand, 1 old Do. and Do., 3 smoothing 

In the Stoop Landing house. 

Ab l 20 bush 1 of salt, a barr 1 ab' 2 jd full of Tarr, A parcel of 
coal, ab" 70 bush', A grindstone, A parcel of inch oak planks, 
An old power & cable, 2 sloop anchors, ab" 300 wt. 

At the Landing. 

A pinnice, a yaul, 3 good flatts ab* 9 hhd 5 burthen, a canoe, 1 
new 60 hhd. sloop &c, 1 old ditto, 1 old ditto Rebuilding, a par 1 
of In. & h. Oak plank. 

/;/ the Still house. 

4 Wyre wheat sives, 2 stills Tubbs & worms ab' 40 and 20 
Gall , 1 spare still and worm ab' 30 gall , 6 mill Baggs, 1 old 
branding iron, R. 6, 1 sloops old sail, 1, Feath r bed a chaf bolster, 

2 Ruggs, a pr. blan s & pr. sheets, 5 barrows & spayd sowe in a 
pen, a fattening sheep, * * * Cyder Cask in the inward 
still house, * * * Cart wheels in the Tob° house. 


In the old Coach House. 

A charriotand four harness, a sett of old Coach wheels, 4 chain 
harness & Bridles, 1 phill horse, harness and bridle. 

In the New Coach house. 

A coach and six harness, 6 saddles and bridles, 4 old mill 
bridles, 1 long whip and 1 short whip, a Case of phleems & a 
pr. trimming sciss rs , 3 curry combs and a Brush, 1 peck measure,. 
2 water cruits. 

Washington's Capitulation at Fort Necessity, 1754. 

From contemporary translation in Virginia State Archives.) 

[When, after rejecting two proposals offered by the French, 
which he considered dishonorable, Washington surrendered his 
little force at Fort Necessity, he agreed to terms of capitulation, 
which were afterwards the cause of much discussion. As is well 
known, it appeared, when the articles were printed in France, 
that Washington had acknowledged himself a murderer. " De 
venger l'assasain qui a ete fait sur on nos officiers," are the 
words as published. It happened that the only person then with 
the Virginia forces who underderstood French, was Captain Van- 
braam, a Dutchman. Washington, Stephen and Mackay, who 
all heard the translation read, declared that no mention of assas- 
sination or murder was made by Vanbraam. Stephen says the 
weather was so stormy that no written translation could be made. 
Vanbraam was afterwards severely denounced, anjd even charged 
with treasonable intent, in mistranslating the words, and was, 
with Major Stobo, who was accused of cowardice, excepted from 
the thanks and rewards voted by the Virginia Assembly to Wash- 
ington and his men. It does not appear necessary to charge 
Vanbraam with treason, in order to explain the mistake, if mis- 
take there were. The stormy night, the Dutchman's imperfect 
pronunciation of English, and his, probably, imperfect knowl- 
edge of French, constitute sufficient explanation. Irving states 
that a copy of the capitulation was subsequently laid before the 

Washington's capitulation at fort necessity. 269 

Virginia House of Burgesses with explanations. It seems prob- 
able that the translation here printed, was the English draft laid 
before the House. As the articles are admitted to have originally 
been in French, the person who made the translation given here, 
must have had a French draft before him. The word used in 
this translation is "killing." Why may that not have been a 
correct translation of the language of the original articles, and 
may it not be possible that the text of the capitulation, as pub- 
lished in France, have been garbled for political purposes ? See 
Ford's Writings of Washington, I, 120-122, where the French 
text as published, is given.] 

Articles of Capitulation Granted to Col. Washing- 
ton by the French Command' r. 

A Capitulation granted by Mr. Devillier, Captain of Foot & 
■commander of his most christian Majesty's Troops, to the com r 
of the English Troops now in Fort Necessity, w ch had been built 
on the Lands in the Dominion of the King, this 3d July at 8 
o'clock in the Evening, Vizt: 

As it has never been our Intention to disturb the peace & good 
Harmony that Subsist between the two princes in Amity, but 
only to revenge the [assault has been written & erased] killing 
of one of our officers, who with his guard were Bearers of a 
Sumons, as also to prevent any Settlements being made on the 
Lands in the Dominion of the King my master. On these Con- 
siderations we are willing to shew Favour to all the English in 
the s d Fort, upon the following Conditions: 


We grant Leave to the English Commander to retire with his 
Whole Garrison in order to return peaceably into his own Coun- 
try, and promise him that no Insult shall be offered him by the 
French, and to restrain as much as possible the Savages with us 
from doing any. 


The English shall have leave to Depart and carry with them 
Every thing to them belonging Except the Artillery, wch. we 
Shall reserve for ourselves. 



That we may grant them the Honours of War, they may 
march out with the Drums beating and one piece of Small 
Canon, being desirous to prove that we treat them as Friends. 


That as soon as the articles are signed by each party, the 
English [" may not openly display " has been written & erased] 
Shall Strike their Colours. 


That To morrow by day-break a Detachment of French Shall 
Cause the English Garrison to march off, leaving the French in 
possession of the Fort. 


That as the English have not any Horses or Cattle left, they 
shall have leave to hide their effects and afterwards come for 
them. For which End they may leave a Sufficient Guard, on 
Condition that they give their parole of Honour — That they will 
not during one year make any Settlement hereabouts or on this 
Side of the great Mountains. 


That as the English have in their Custody an officer, two 
Cadets and other prisoners taken at the Attack of Mons r de 
Jumonville, and w ch they promise to send with a Safe guard to 
Fort de Quesne, situated on the belle Riviere. And that for 
Surety of this Article, as well as of this Treaty, Mr. Jacob Van- 
bram & Robert Stobo, two Captains, are to be left with us as 
Hostages till the arrival of our s d Canadians & Frenchmen. We 
oblige ourselves to give a proper Guard to reconduct these two 
officers who promise our said Frenchmen in two Months and a 
half at farthest. Done interchangeably on one of the Posts of 
our Blockade the day and year aforesaid. 

Culm Villiers. 


Depositions as to the Burning of William and Mary 
College, 1705. 

;From the Originals in the Virginia Archives.) 

[" The College of William and Mary, in Virginia," was char- 
tered February 8, 1692 (new style, February 19, 1693,). The 
present site at Williamsburg was chosen, and building was begun 
at once. The college, when rebuilt, after the tire of 1705, is 
believed to have been much like that which had been destroyed, 
and Hugh Jones' description (in " Present State of Virginia," 
1729,) of the latter building doubtless applies fairly well to the 
former. He says: "The college front which looks east is 
double and is 136 feet long. At the north end runs back a large 
wing, which is a handsome hall, answerable to which the chapel 
is to be built. The building is beautiful and commodious, being 
first modelled by Sir Christopher Wren, adapted to the nature 
of the country by the gentlemen there; and since it was burnt 
down, it has been rebuilt, nicely contrived and adorned by the 
ingenious direction of Governor Spotswood, and is not altogether 
unlike Chelsea Hospital." This venerable institution, so loved 
and honored by all Virginians, has suffered greatly by fire. The 
first commencement was held in 1700, "at which there was a 
great concourse of people; several planters came thither in 
coaches, and others in sloops from New York, Pennsylvania and 
Maryland, it being a new thing in that part of America to hear 
graduates perform their exercises. The Indians had 
the curiosity, some of them, to visit Williamsburg upon this 
occasion, and the whole country rejoiced, as if they had some 
relish of learning, ' ' ( Campbell s History of Virginia, 361-2). The 
college buildings proved useful to the Colony in another way, for 
from 1700 to 1705 the General Assembly met there. This happy 
beginning of an institution which had cost so much effort, and on 
which such high hopes were founded, soon received a severe 
check. In 1705 the college buildings were destroyed by fire, 
with the exception of the walls. These have, it is believed, sur- 
vived the fires of 1705, 1781 (only partial injury to the buildings), 
February 8, 1859, and September 9, 1862, and still stand, aged 


though strong, in the present house. A writer who probably 
saw the fire of 1705, says: " The fire broke out about ten o'clock 
at night, in a public time. The Governor and all the gentlemen 
that were • in town came up to the lamentable spectacle, many 
getting out of their beds. But the fire had got such a power 
before it was discovered, and was so fierce that there was no hope 
of putting a stop to it, and therefore no attempts were made to 
that end." The library and philosophical apparatus were des- 
troyed. The second building was commenced in the time of 
Governor Spotswood, but owing to the want of available means 
and the scarcity of workmen it was not finished until 1723. It 
was so far finished in 17 19 as to be occupied by the Convention 
of the Colonial Clergy. On October 30, 1705, the day after the 
fire, the Governor called a Council to examine into the cause of 
the disaster. The Burgesses were requested to select several of 
their members to form part of a joint committee for this pur- 
pose. The depositions here printed were doubtless taken by 
this committee. It will be observed that the first deposition 
given here is imperfect, the beginning having been lost. It is 
not known how many more depositions were taken; but it is 
certain that there were others, which have not been preserved in 
the State archives. For that of Thomas Barber, we are indebted 
to President Tyler, of William and Mary College, to whom it 
was given some years ago by Mr. W. M. Cary, of Baltimore.] 

Testimony to the Burning of College of Wm. & 
Mary, 1705. 

sh * * >;< * * * * * * 

be swept since last Spring as there was occasion for it but ye 
time of its being swept last ye Deponent cannot exactly remem- 
ber & there hath been no use made of the kitchen since Mr. 
Ingles left ye College at Michaelmas. As to ye shutting of ye 
College gates they used generally to be shutt at night, both in 
ye time of Mr. Blair and Mr. Ingles' s keeping the college and 
since the latters leaving ye College this Deponent hath shutt 
them several nights but cannot say they were "always shut at 
night. And this to ye best of the Deponent's knowledge and 
remembrance is ye truth. 

Henry Randolph being one that lodged in ye College of Wil- 


liam & Mary at ye time of its being burnt doth testify that he 
was then in bed asleep, and one that lay in the bed with him 
cryed out the College is on fire, w ch awaked him, and looking 
up he saw the fire coming over the brick wall into his Room & 
so starting out of bed he ran down a back pair of stairs, into the 
great hall and opened the door and ran out, and when he had got 
about sixty or seventy yards he looked back, and all ye roof of 
the College was on fire to his thinking. 

George Burton, painter, saith that he lay in the Countrys 
houses at ye Capitol on ye 29th of Oct r last at night. That after 
he had heard ye Capitol Clock strike Eleven, one Wm. Craig 
cryed out the College was on ifire, Whereupon the Deponent 
got out of bed, and seeing the light he ran out to ye Street w 1 '" 
fronts ye College & saw ye fire to his thinking on ye North side 
of the Cupulo, then ye Deponent with sev" other persons that 
were at work about ye Capitol went up to ye College, but before 
he got up the fire was got round ye Cupulo and it for ye most 
part is consumed. 

Collo. Edward Hill being one who lodged in ye College saith 
as follows: 

On Monday last about 9 o'clock I went to bed in Mr. Speak- 
er's Chamber w ch was in ye South end of the College (in w ch 
place I have laine since the Sitting of the Assembly untill the 
College was unhappily burnt), I had not been long in bed as I 
presume (for about 12 o'clock I look'd on my watch & then the 
College was almost consumed) when I was awakened as I sup- 
pose by some noise made by two or 3 persons I found standing 
at some distance from ye College towards a little house, called 
as I understand ye Smoak house upon my -first coming out. 
Being so awakened I got up out of my bed and put on my 
breeches (I think no other clothes) opened a little door that goes 
out of ye speaker's Chamber into the piazzas, & so ran out of ye 
South door, what part of the stairs I went down I cannot remem- 
ber, but. as soon as I was out I looked up to see what was ye 
matter. Seeing a great light I did suppose ye College was on 
fire, but not seeing any fire as I look'd up I cast my eyes towards 
the Smoke house or Westerly as I take it, and Saw two or 3 
people w' 1 ' I did suppose to be those people that belonged to Mr. 
Ingles, & w ch I understood sometime before to have lodged in ye 


Sellar, those people I observed was standing looking towards 
that part that was called the Hall, and as soon as I faced that 
building to the best of my remembrance I saw a light fire about 
one third to one half from the East end of the building called the 
Hall about half of the roof. I did not look narrowly whether 
there was any fire in any other part of the building, but it's very 
probable there might be about ye joining on of the roofs, I mean 
the North end. As soon as I was satisfyed the College was on 
fire, I made haste back into ye Chamber and looking round con- 
sidering what was most valuable to save. I pitched on my Chest, 
and by myself drag' d it out by one end into the piazzas and from 
thence out of ye South door and at some little distance I left ye 
Chest, and then returned once more back into ye room and from 
ye Chamber where I lay took out a sword that was in ye win- 
dow and somethings else, but what I can't remember, but before 
I came out I went into ye Closet (and to ye best of my remem- 
brance the Closet door was open) and from thence I took out a 
portmanteau & a sadle and Silver tankard and went out of ye 
same door as I did at first, and carryed those things I had in my 
arms and on my back, almost as far as ye road ye cross going to 
Jno. Young's, but if I remember well I had like to be knock'd 
on ye head with something flung out of a window at ye South 
end. After my return from Securing these things, I last carried 
out I saw Mr. Henry Lightfoot about ye South end and got him 
to help me to move my chest w cb I had left at my first coming- 
out, at that time I remember (I think not sooner) ye Cupulo 
wall all on fire & sev 11 people about the College. To ye best of 
my remembrance I saw no more than 2 or 3 persons at ye 
South end when I first came out, I did not s^o to ye front untill 
ye Cupulo was on fire, and to ye best of my remembrance the 
Cupolo was not on fire when I first came out of ye chamber. 
When I went to bed there was a little fire in my chimney. Mr. 
Speaker was not in bed there that night, and to ye best of my 
remembrance this is what I know of that unhappy fire, and fur- 
ther that when I rose out of my bed I heard no noise like ye 
firing of a chimney. 

Wm. Young of Bruton parish planter saith : 

That on ye 29th of Oct 1 ' last he came from Capt. Reelings 
house at Skiminoand between ten or 11 o'clock at night past by 


the College where he perceived no light, but a small shimmering 
in the kitchen. The Deponent rode towards Colo. Jennings 
quarter almost as far as ye great poplar on the road side, and 
then perceiving a light shine about him, he turn'd his horses 
head and saw a great smoke and a small flame towards ye back 
part of ye College towards the piazzas as nigh as he can guess, 
it seemed to be midway between ye south end of ye College and 
ye cupulo, he rode back to Mr. Young's and called out thrice to 
alarm ye people, telling the College was on fire * * During 
w ch time as ye Deponent sat there on horse back he saw three 
men running about 30 yds. distance from ye College gate towards 
Mr. Henry Tylers and saw them run cross ye road beyond the 
little thicket, they seemed to be persons in pretty good apparrell, 
two of them had dark colored cloathes & the other light colored 
& all had hatts, but the Deponent did not see these persons re- 
turn. At last a woman came out of Mr. Young's house, and 
cryed fire ! fire ! Then the Deponent alighting tyed his horse 
at Mr. Young's and went from thence to ye College where sev" 
people were got before him and particularly Mr. Young's serv' 
maid. When he came there he remembers to have seen a gent, 
in black, standing by ye College, whom he thought to be Mr. 
Whateley, he then saw ye fire get about ye cupulo, and ye back- 
side of ye roof over the piazzas seemed to be all on fire, but did 
not go to ye back part of ye building till after ye smoke house 
was on fire w ch was late. 

Wm. Eddings, overseer to Mr. Commissary Blair saith : 
That on Monday the 29th of Oct r after he was gone to bed he 
heard ye dogs bark in his corn field, and his wife getting up to 
see what was ye matter, and telling him there were horses in his 
corn field, he made a shift to get up, tho' he was very lame and 
as he comes out he perceived a light in ye air and a great smoke, 
and ye light encreasing he perceived the College was on fire and 
could see clearly the chimneys and the cupulo, and it seemed to 
him that the fire was on ye north side of ye cupulo, between ye 
two chimneys on the back part of ye college over the piazzas, 
but the Deponent being very lame could not go to ye college. 
And further saith not. 


Novem 1 ' ye 8th, 1705. 

John Young, ordinary keeper in W" s burg, saith: 

That on ye 29th of October last, he was awaked out of bed 
by his Servant maid Susanna Hooper, telling him the College 
was on fire, whereupon he got up and saw a great light but staid 
till he had put on his Cloaths and then running to ye College to 
the best of his remembrance the Cupulo was then on fire, and 
further saith not. 

Susanna Hooper, Servant Jno. Young, sworn, saith: 

That on ye 29th of October last, as she was in Mr. Young's 
kitchen at night, one Young called at the door, crying out ye 
College is on fire, why don't you get up & save y r selves, else 
you'l be burnt. Whereupon this Deponent look'd out & saw 
the College on fire as she supposed on ye south end near Mr. 
Young's house between that & the Cupulo * * * 

While she was calling the s rt gentlemen, the above named 
Young came into the kitchen and sate down there. 

The Deponent look'd out at ye window of a Room on ye 
North end of Mr. Young's house above stairs where Capt. West 
lay, and perceived the fire on ye south side of ye Cupulo & ye 
Cupulo was not then on fire. 

John Morot, Ordinary Keeper, sworne, saith : 

That on ye 29th Oct r last at night he was in his house, he saw 
a great light shine through his window, and going out he per- 
ceived the roof of the College on the North Side of the Cupulo 
to be on fire, whereupon he ran in and told some gentlemen who 
were there in his house, who all came out and went to ye Col- 
lege, as the Deponent believes. The Deponent * * * after 
them, looked upon ye College, and then ye fire was got on both 
sides of the Cupulo. 

Captain Thomas Barber saith : 

That on ye 29th of Oct r last, as he was in bed at night in one 
of ye Country's houses* near the Capitol, he was awakened by Mr. 
Miles Cary, who called out the College was on fire. Whereupon 

* Country's Houses — See Heni ng' s Statutes, 1704, Vol. Ill, p. 226. "An 
Ordinance impowering Mr. Henry Cary to make sale of the Country 
Houses in the city of Williamsburg." 


the Deponent got up, and running out towards the street saw ye 
fire, as he thinks, round about the Cupulo, but doth not remem- 
ber whether any other part was on fire. 

Williamsburg, November, 1705. 
Upon further Consideration of some questions asked me (Upon 
my examination the other day concerning the unhappy accident 
of the College being burnt) relating to ye great hall of ye Col- 
lege, I am apt to think that soon after I came down to the South 
end of ye s d College, as I was running to and fro in my fright and 
hurry, moving things thrown out of ye windows. I once see the 
south side of the roof of the said Hall on fire, but I cannot be 
positive whether I did or not. 

C. C. Thacker. 


[Though no complete roster of the regular troops of Virginia 
in the armies of the Revolution has been prepared, yet informa- 
tion regarding them is fairly complete and accessible. Heitman 
— for officers; Saffell; the volumes of bounty warrants in the 
State land office; the reports of John Hill Smith, Special Com- 
missioner on Revolutionary claims, published in the documents 
of the House of Delegates in 1834, and for several years after, 
contains quite a full list, at least of those who served three 
years, and were so entitled to bounty land. There are also in 
the State Library two volumes, State and Continental Lines res- 
pectively, of men paid off at the close of the war. But in 
regard to the militia little is known, and that little is very inac- 
cessible. The journals of the House of Delegates, the many 
volumes of the Council Journal of the Auditor's accounts, during 
and after the Revolution contain a great amount of matter, but 
only discoverable after long and patient research. The only 
book of accounts now remaining, devoted entirely to the militia, 
is a small volume, which it is proposed to copy in full in the 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Later this will 
be followed by extracts from the scources referred to above. 


Great injustice has been done to Virginia by our lack of knowl- 
edge of the services of her militia during the Revolution. Other 
States include militia in their' estimates of their forces furnished, 
and in this way, by comparison, Virginia is made to appear to 
have furnished a much smaller number of troops than she really 
did. In addition to its historic uses, this list of militia officers 
will prove of much value to persons desiring to enter the 
various Revolutionary societies.] 

MILITIA— [1777]. 

7. Anderson, James, for Cartouch Box Belts for Capt. Smith's 
Comp-, Militia, £1. 11. 3. 

27. Almond, Lewis, for ferriages to Isle of Wight Militia, 

1 -4-4 x 2- 

3. Akin, Edward, for one Gun for Cap' Flem s Bates's Min't 
Comp- v , Cherok[ee] Exp", 2. 10. — 

6. Abraham, Mordecai, for Ditto — by John Hickman's Cer- 
tificate, 3. — — 

20. Anderson, Richard, for Wagon hire for Capt. Minor's 
Militia Comp-\ 4. 7. 6. 

3. Alexander, William, for 22 lb. of powder at 18s. p. pound, 
19. 6. — 

4. Atkinson, William, for 150 lb. bacon furnished the New- 
Kent Militia, 7. 10. — 

8. Adams, David, for a Mare furnished the Cherokee Expedi- 
tion, 10. 

Acrill, Win, for pay Chs. City Militia & 1 Gun, "$* Ace', 199. 

3- 9- 

Ditto, for Rent of an Hospital to the 28th Feb'y, 1776, 13, 
2. 6. 

Ditto, for Salt Petre, &c, 5. 15. 6. 

>:< *y 8. Anderson. Capt. William, for Drum, Colors, &c. , for his 
Comp-', Augusta Militia, 6. 12. 6. 

12. Almond, Edmund, for ferriages, &c, ^ acct, 4. 12. 5. 

24. Arrington, Adler, for 1 Gun furnished Cap' John Bates's 
Min't Comp*, 1. 5. — 

31. Alexander, Charles, for Wood D° the min't men at Alex- 
andria, 16. 


* e 4. Alexander, Capt. Philip, for pay of his Comp- of Mi- 
litia in July, 1776, 1* accot, 32. 12. 10. 

6. Armistead, Moseley, for negro hire on the Fort at Hamp- 
ton, 1f>> accot, 39. 11. — 

Adams, Robert, for horse hire 56 days @ y§ on Cherokee ex- 
pedition, 3. 10. — 

3. Anderson, Henry, for hire of two wagons, &c. , ten days 
each, and find'g" them (3 15s, 16. 4. 9. 

Allen, Cap' Hudson, for pay, &c. , of his Comp y , James City 
Militia, f>> accot, 57. 19. 8. 

Armistead, Frances, for Wood furnished the Militia at Hamp- 
ton, 1. 5. — 

9. Allen, Thomas, for Wagon hire with Spotsylvania & Cul- 
peper Militia, ^> acco't, 9. 15. — 

Armistead, Cap' Henry, for pay Provisions & Cooking for his 
Comp y Ch's City Militia, 98. 2. 3. 

22. Anis, John, for pay as a Drummer for 8 days in the Lan- 
caster ditto, 13. 4. — 

24. Allen, Capt.' Charles, for expenses with his Comp- v on their 
return in Dec r last, 5. — 9. 

27. Anderson, Capt. David, for pay, &c., of his Comp y , Lou- 
isa Militia, f^ acco't, 170. 11. 10. 

30. Allen, Capt. Archer, for Ditto Cumberland Ditto, ^ 

accot, 194. 11. 6. 

Oct. 1. Anderson, Capt. James, for Ditto Mecklenburg- 
Ditto, <$> accot, 220. 14 8. 

Nov. 1. Adams, Gervas, for pay as Garrison Or. Master at 
Portsmouth, &c. , <{$> acco't, 8. 17. 6. 

3. Allen, Archer, for Flour baked for the use of the Cumber- 
land Militia, 12. 6. 

17. Andres, Robert, for pay, &c, as Secretary to Brig 1 Gen- 
eral Nelson, P Cert., 28. 10. 16. 

18. Ackiss, John; for Provision furnished the Princess Anne 
Militia f> acco', 40. 4. 8. 

27. Abney, Reubin; for a Gun furnished Capt. James Tur- 
ner's Min't Comp y $ Cert., 1. 10. — . 

Dec r 3. Alexander, William; for Blankets furnished for Cap' 
Leitche's Min't Comp-, 8. 8. — . 


12. Allen, William; for Waggon hire to Sussex Militia, ^> 
Cert., 9. — . — . , 

1778. Jan'y 6./ Anderson, Capt. David; for pay of a Ser- 
geant omitted. (See pay roll of Sep' last), 1. 12. — . 

10. Almond, Lewis; for sundry ferriages at Sleepy hole ferry, 
f> Acco't, 6. 11. — . 

22. Anderson, Richard; for Bread, &c., furnished the Louisa 
Militia ^ Acco't, 7. 3. — . 

23. Anderson, Capt. David; for diff' L "pay for his 2d Lieut. 
(See acco't Sep r 27), 6. 14. — . 

Feb'y 4. Aswell, James; for ferriage of Waggons, &c. , for 
the Bruns" Battalion f)> Cert., 2. 10. — . 

May 19. Alston, Joshua; for a Drum for Pittsylvania Militia, 
2. 15. — . 

23d. Anderson, Rich'd; for a Gun for Louisa Militia, 5. . 

June 12. Arbuckle, Matt.; Beef, Botetourt Militia, 6. . 

July 16. Ashton, Charles; for Pay as Adjutant, Westmore- 
land Militia, 3. 9. — . 

Aug st 13. Anderson; Isaac & And"' Evans Expens., 35. 

Oct' 13. Anderson, Henry; for additional pay of two wag- 
gons last Sep r , * * * 

17. Aaron, Abram; for Beef to Pitsylvania Militia, * * 

22d. Allen, William; for Pay of his Com'y, Jas. City Militia^ 
^ Acco't, * * * 

[Two lines illegible here.] 

* * ' 26. * * nerville, George; for Corn furnished Capt. 
Jas. Anderson's Min't Comp'y, 3. 3. — . 

* * * Bryan, Fredrick; for Ferriages for the Militia, 2. 
12. — . 

* y 1. Branham, Benj a ; Clerk of Richmond [co.] Com- 
mittee to the 2d of Dec' last, 15. . 

Bartee, Thomas; for Wood furnished the Garrison at Ports- 
mouth, 5. 17. — . 

Bressie, Capt. Thomas; for 5 day's training duty in Aug. & 
Sep"" at Norfolk, 19. 2. 6. 

Ditto for pay of his Comp y of Min't men to the 30th 

of Decem br , 84. 12. 8. 


Bressie, Henry; for Sugar furnished the Hospital at Ports- 
mouth, 2. 10. — . 

6. Baker, Capt. William; for pay, forage & Rations for his 
Comp y Mil' a to the 25 Dec r inch, 94. 9. 5. 

9. Barnes, Capt. Newman B. ; for pay, forage & Rations of 
his Cornp-, Lane' Bat" 4 days Oct'', 18. 4. 6. 

11. Bressie, Capt. William; for pay, forage & Rations for 
his Comp y Mil", Portsm"', to 8th June, 132. 3. 4^. 

14. Breeding, Benjamin; for a Gun sold Robert Anderson, 

5- • 

16. Brickell, John; for pay, Rations & forage of his Comp y 

Militia to the 11 Dec r last, 78. 18. i'_-. 

17. Barnaul, Capt. Charles; for pay, forage & Rations for 
James City Militia, 92. 12. i}A. 

18. Brown, John; for Work on Gun Carriages & forts at 
Portsmouth, to 14th Dec r incl: 30. 9. — . 

Burgess, John; for Wood furnished the Garrison Ditto, 15. 

15- — ■ 

20. Brown, John; for Work on the Forts, &c, at Ditto, 

nth Inst., 30. 1. — . 

Breckenridge, Lettis; for sundries furnished Capt. Poses 
Comp'y, — . 10. 6. 

22. Brown, Andrew; for Corn for Cap 1 McClanahan's Min't 
Comp'y, — . 15. — . 

Baugh, Burvvell; for a Gun furnished Cap 1 Jos. Carrington's 
Do., 3. — . — . 

23. Boush, Frederick; for pay and forage of his Com v Mili- 
tia, at Portsmouth, to January 8th, being then discharged, 167. 
18. 2. 

31. Butler, Beckwith; Comm's for Provisions furnished the 
Lancaster Bat'n Min't men, 142. 18. 2. 

Baker & Hardy; for Do. to the Min't men & Militia, sundries 
for the Hospital at Portsmouth, to the 31st Decem r last bal", 
790. 10. n)4. 

* by 1. Ballard, Capt. John; for pay, forage & Rations of 
his vnin't Comp y to Dec 1 ' 24, last, discharged, 108. 2. 6. 

3. Baker, Robert; for two Rifles for Fleming Bates's Cornp-, 
Cherokee Exped", 10. 15. — . 


Bates, Capt. Fleming-; for pay, forage & Rations to Dec 1 " 4th, 
&c, <P Acco't bal'd, 524. 7. 6 ] j. 

5. Brooke, Col. George; for two Guns for the use of King 
& Queen Militia, 6. . 

6. Buxton, Nathaniel; for pay, forage & Rations for his 
Comp 3 ' to Jan- V 10th inelus., 36. 19. 7. 

15. Bell, Thos., Sergeant; for pay & provisions for a Guard 
at Monday's point, 44. 18. 10. 

* 7. Boush, Capt. Frederick; for 2 Guns & one Bayonet 
■p Col. John Wilson's Cert., 7. 17. — . 

* o. Burgess, Geo. Wright; for 12 Cord of Wood for the 
Garrison at Portsmouth, 3. 12. — . 

* 6. Burgess, Nathaniel; for Wood furnished the Troops at 
Portsmouth, 15. . 

* 5. Barnett, Thomas; for one Horse for the Cherokee Ex- 
pedition, 26. . 

Ditto, James; for five Ditto Do., 87. 7. — . 

* 7. Bonner, John & Marmaduke; for two Guns for Sussex 
Militia, 5. . 

* Ballow, Capt. Thomas; for pay, Rations, &c. , of his Min' 
Comp- to 30th Nov'', bal., 451. 9. 2. 

* Brown, Henry; for Meal & forage to Waggon Horses in 
Capt. Rowe's Comp- v , 1. 16. — . 

* Booker, Capt. William; for pay & Rations of his Comp 3 ' 
Norfolk Militia to Jan 3 ' 8, 53. 6. 4. 

* Booker, William; for 300 Bush 1 of Coal furnished, 27. 10. -. 

* Baptist, Edward; for 8 Cords of Wood for Militia at York, 
2. 8. — . 

* Bressie, Capt. Thomas; for three Guns *p Col. John Wil- 
son's Cert., 11. 10. — . 

* Boush, Capt. Frederick; for two Do. ^ Ditto, 4. 4. — . 

* Burgess, George W. ; for 20 Cords of Wood for the Gar- 
rison Portsmouth, 6. — — . 

* Bartee, Thomas; for 90 Do. Do., 32. 4. — . 

* Brown, John; for 9 days' Work on Fort Stephen, 3. 7. 6. 

* Ditto, 33 do. Gun Carriages, 12. 7. 6. , 

* Bailey, John; for 26 do. Fort Stephen, 5. 4. — . 

* Bressie, Capt. William ; for pay & rations of his Comp 3 ' to 
the 15 Inst., 204. 17. 7. 


* Bressie, Capt. Thomas; for Do. to the 8th Jan-', 27. 1. 9. 

* Boush, Capt. Frederick; for Do. to the 19th Mar., 307. 
5. 8. 

* * Capt. James; for Do. to the 1st Dee'r, last, 997. 1. 9. 

* * * for Express hire, 2. 5. 

* * * for pay, rations & forage for his Comp 5 ' to Dec' 26, 
last, 40. 2. 3. 

* ne 1. Banning, Capt. John; for 78 days' Waggonage to 
Cap't Ballow's Comp'y, Ch. Exp'n, 56. 11. — . 

2. Bright, Capt. Robert; for pay of his Comp- v Elz a City Mili- 
tia to 22d Feb- last, 56. 18. 4. 

8. Brough, William; for nj4 Cords of Wood furnished the 
Mill Creek Barracks, 5. 15. — . 

Berry, Thomas; for three Horses furnished the Cherokee Ex- 
pedition, 60. . 

9. Belt, David; for a drum, Colours, & Halbert for Augusta 
Militia, 6. 3. 6. 

Booker, George; for Wood furnished the Militia at Hampton, 

10. Baker, Samuel; for 3 Rifles furnished Capt. Thos. Col- 
lier's Min't Comp'y, 21. . 

19. Bates, Capt. John; for pay & Rations for his Comp v Mi- 
litia from the 14 to 18 Oct r last, 22. 6. 5*/. 

Betts & Hulett for pay of their Guard of North' d Militia 
guard'g Canoes Feb'y last, 5. 12. — . 

23. Ballard, John; for a Rifle furnished Capt. Nicholas 
Lewis's Comp'y, 4. 17. 6. 

24. Bressie, Thomas; for Carpenter's Work, done on Fort 
Stephen f> Cert., 9. — . 8. 

Bernard & Throckmorton for 432 Rations at j}4, 13. 10. — . 

28. Brown, John; for Carpenter's Work at Porthsmouth to 
April 25 inclusive, 22. 1. 3. 

Bailey, John & others; for Carpenter's Work at Portsmouth 
to the 7th Insfe. inclusive, 19. 5. — . 

May 6. Bailey, John; for pay of a Guard stationed at Towles's 
Point, 2. 12. 8. 

9. Boush, Capt. Frederick; for pay & rations of his Comp'y 
to April 9th last ^ acco't, 89. 7. 10. 



Letter from Governor Jefferson to Governor 
Galvez, 1779. 

(From Original in Virginia Archives.) 

[That Virginia attempted (and probably with success) to bor- 
row money from Spain, while carrying- on the Northwestern 
Campaign under Clarke, seems to have received but little notice 
from our historians; and as little has been said of the most essen- 
tial service rendered by Oliver Pollock, and perhaps other mer- 
chants in New Orleans, in furnishing supplies to • the Western 
troops, which, if it did not make their victory possible, certainly 
was indispensable for the retention of their conquests. The let- 
ters of Governor Henry, here referred to, have not been pre- 
served, but it is evident that an attempt was made early in the 
war to secure money from Spain. R. H. Lee, writing from New 
York, November 24, 1777, says : " With reference to the loan 
of money out of the Havannah or N. Orleans, I am not able to 
form a judgment whether it can be effected or not; the latter 
most probably, because Dr. Lee was able to get but a small sum 
immediately from Spain for Congress, although he expected a 
larger Credit from Holland thro' the mediation and security of 
Spain." It appears from an entry in the Virginia Executive 
Journal, October 8, 1777, quoted by Mr. Henry {"Patrick 
Henry,'" 1, 606), that before that date, the Spanish government 
had shipped stores intended for Virginia to New Orleans. It is 
not known with certainty whether the money asked for by Henry 
and Jefferson was obtained; but as later, Oliver Pollock was 
stated to have been a debtor to the King of Spain for 13,112 
dollars, it is probable that this amount was a loan. - If the Count 
de Gabrez, who also appears later as a creditor of Pollock's for 
74,087 dollars, was the same as de Galvez, it would seem that 
the Spanish Governor had granted Jefferson's request to pay 
Pollock the sum named in his letter. Pollock, however, writings 
from New Orleans, May 26, 1780, states that he has applied to 


•Governor Galvez for pecuniary assistance, but without success, 
as that officer required all his funds for his own purposes. 

When it is stated that no reference has been made by histori- 
ans to Spanish aid and the great service rendered by Oliver Pol- 
lock to Virginia during Clark's Campaigns, reference was had 
particularly to those who have written especially on this portion 
of Revolutionary history. Neither Roosevelt nor English men- 
tion the subject. But Mr. W. W. Henry, in his "Patrick 
Henry" I, 603-606, pays a well deserved tribute to Pollock. 
He says: " In remembering the men to whom Virginia was in- 
debted for the success of this most important expedition, one 
name deserves the highest honor. It is that of Oliver Pollock, 
the agent of the State at New Orleans, who furnished the money 
which enabled Clark to complete and hold his conquests." Mr. 
Henry then gives a brief sketch of Pollock's services. The 
State of Virginia paid him in bills drawn on Penet, Dacosta & 
Co., of Nantes, France. As the tobacco against which these 
bills were drawn, did not reach France, they were protested, 
and Mr. Pollock was ruined. He sold everything he possessed 
to pay debts he had incurred for Virginia and the United States. 
After the Revolution, commissioners appointed by the State 
found due him a sum amounting to $92,321, and recommended 
that an additional amount should be paid him in consideration 
of damages. They quote in their report, a letter from General 
Clark, in which he speaks of the very essential assistance ren- 
dered him by Mr. Pollock, and by General Galvez, who, in 
1785, had become Viceroy of Mexico. In 1780, Governor Gal- 
vez wrote to " D n Tho s Jefferson*" introducing Mr, Lewis Toutant 
Beauregard, a merchant of New Orleans, to whom Virginia was 
also indebted for .supplies furnished the Western troops. He 
was probably an ancestor of General Pierre Gustave Toutant 
Beauregard, C. S. A. 

For notices of Oliver Pollock and his claims, see the Calendar 
of \ 7 irginia State Papers, I, 347, 425; II, 488, 570; III, 153, 
.590, 607; IV, 14, 47, 63; V, 192, 230-1, 244, 251-4, 432. Rev. 
H. E. Hayden, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., has written a pamphlet treat- 
ing of Oliver Pollock.] 


Williamsburg, November 8th, 1779. 

By Mr. Lindsay, who was sent from our County of Illinois 
in the Mississippi to New Orleans, and lately arrived here on his 
return by the way of Havanna, we hear that Col. Rogers had left 
New Orleans and proceeded up the Mississippi. We are anx- 
iously expecting by him your Excellency's answer to the Letters 
of January 14, 177S, by Col. Rogers, and January 26th, 1778, by 
Captain Young from Governor Henry to whom I had the Honor 
of succeeding on his Resignation. The Accession of his most 
Catholic Majesty since the Date of these Letters to the Hostili- 
ties carrying on by the Confederate powers of France and North 
America against Great Britain thereby adding to their efforts, 
the weight of your Powerfull and wealthy Empire, has given in 
all the certainty of a happy Issue to the present Contest of which 
human Events will admit. Our vicinity to the State over which 
you immediately preside ; the direct Channel of commerce by 
the River Mississippi ; the nature of those Commodities with 
which we can reciprocally furnish each other, point out the ad- 
vantage which may result from a close connection, and corres- 
pondence for which on our part the best Foundation are laid by 
a grateful sense of the Favors we have received at your Hands. 
Notwithstanding the pressure of the present War on our people, 
they are lately beginning to extend their Settlements rapidly on the 
Waters of the Mississippi, and we have reason to believe, that on 
the Ohio particularly, and the Branches immediately communi- 
cating with it, there will in the course of another Year, be such a 
number of Settlers, as to render the Commerce an object worth 
your Notice. From New Orleans alone can they be tolerably 
supplied with necessaries of European Manufacture, and thither 
they will carry in Exchange Staves and Peltry immediately and 
Flour, Pork and Beef as soon as they shall have somewhat 
opened their Lands. F~or their protection from Indians, we are 
obliged to send and station among them, a considerable armed 
force, the providing of which with Cloathing, and the Friendly 
Indians with Necessaries, becomes a matter of great Difficulty 
with us. For the smaller Force we have hitherto kept up at 
Kaskaskia on the Mississippi we have contracted a considerable 
Debt at New Orleans with Mr. Pollock, besides what is due to 


Your State for the Supplies they have generously furnished and 
a Number of Bills from Col. Clarke now lying under protest in 
New Orleans. We learn by Mr. Lindsay that Mr. Pollock is 
likely to be greatly distress' d, if we do not immediately make 
him remittances, the most unfavoreable Harvest ever known since 
the Settlement of this Country, has put it out of our Power to send 
flour, obliging us for our own Subsistence to purchase it from the 
Neighbouring States of Maryland & Pennsylvania, to whom we 
have until this year furnished large Quantities. The want of 
Salt disables us from preparing Beef and Pork for your market. 
In this situation of things we cannot but Contemplate the distress 
of that gentleman brought on him by Services rendered us with 
the utmost concern. We are endeavouring by Remittances of 
Tobacco to establish a Fund in France to which we may apply 
to a certain extent. But the Casualties to which those Tobaccos 
are liable in their Transportation, render the Dependence less 
certain than we could wish for. Mr. Pollock's relief, and besides 
that we have other very extensive occasions for them, young as 
we are in Trade and Manufactures, and engaged in war with a 
Nation whose power on the Sea, has been such as to intercept 
a great proportion of the supplies, we have attempted to import 
from Europe, you will not wonder to hear, that we find great 
Difficulties in procuring either Money or Commodities to answer 
the calls of our comerce, and therefore that it would be a cir- 
cumstance of vast relief to us if we could leave our Deposits in 
France for the Calls of that part of our State which lies on the 
Atlantic, and procure a Suspension of the Demands from your 
Quarter for supplies to our Western Forces One, Two or three 
years, or such longer Time as could be obtained. 

With this view, Governor Henry in his Letters of January 14 
and 26th, 1778, solicited from Your Nation, a loan of money 
which your Excellency was so kind as to undertake to commu- 
nicate to your Court. 

The success of this application we expect to learn by Col. 
Rogers, and should not till then have troubled you with the same 
Subject, had we not heard of Mr. Pollock's Distress, as we flat- 
ter ourselves that the Application thro' the intervention of your 
Excellency may have been successful, and that you may be au- 
thoriz'd to advance for us some loans in money. I take the 


Liberty of Soliciting you in such case to advance for us to Mr. 
Pollock, sixty-five Thousand, Eight Hundred fourteen & $/% 
Dollars. Encompassed as we are with Difficulties, we may fail 
in doing as much as our Gratitude would prompt us to, in speed- 
ily replacing these aids. But most assuredly nothing in that way 
within our power will be left undone. Our particular prospects 
for doing it„and the time it may take to accomplish the whole, 
shall be the Subject of another Letter, as soon as I shall have 
the Honor to learn from you whether we can be Supplied and to 
what extent. 

By Col. Rogers I hope also to learn your Excellency's Senti- 
ments, on the other proposition in the same Letters, for the 
establishment of Corresponding posts on your side and ours of 
the Mississippi, near the mouth of the Ohio, for the promotion 
of Commerce Between us. After returning our most cordial 
thanks to your Excellency, for the friendly Disposition you have 
personally shewn to us, and assuring you of our profound Re- 
spect and Esteem, beg leave to subscribe myself, 

Your Excellency's Most obedient and most humble Serv 1 , 

(Signed) Th. Jefferson. 

His Excellency, Don Bernardo Di Galvez. 


Second Paper — Contributed by ]■ B. Henneman. 

93. 1841 — 1845. Rev. Patrick J. Sparrow, D. D., of Prince 
Edward, vice Thomas Tredway, resigned. Pastor of the College 
Church, like 80. President of the College, 1 845-1 847. Also 
Member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 834-1 836. 

94. 1841 (resigned). Branch Jones Worsham, of Prince 
Edward, vice Francis B. Dean, resigned. Clerk of Prince Ed- 
ward Courts for fifty-three years (1816-1869). He and Francis 
Watkins, 12, were the only clerks in Prince Edward from 1783 
to 1869. His portrait hangs in the Clerk's office at Farmville. 
The site of the old Court House, about a mile from Hampden- 


Sidney College, is named ' ' Worsham ' ' for him — the scene of 
his long labors. 

95. 1841 — 1877. David Comfort, of Charlotte, vice Gen. 
Edward C. Carrington, resigned. Tutor in the College, 1831- 
32; afterwards widely known as Principal of a classical school in 
Charlotte. Member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 
1859-1860. Son-in-law of 49, and thus brother-in-law of 88, 
101, 161. His wife was great-granddaughter of 6 and 9; grand- 
daughter of 21 ; grandniece of 10. His father (?) David Comfort, 
was member of the Board of Princeton College, 18 16-1853; his son 
James Comfort, Esq., of Knoxville, Tenn. , has been member of 
the Board of the University of Tennessee from 1878. Also one 
of Directors of Princeton Theological Seminary, 1 863-1865. 
His father (?) Rev. David Comfort, D. D., also one of the Direc- 
tors of Princeton Theological Seminary, 1814-1831, and a 
Trustee of the same from its incorporation in 1822 until his 
death in 1853. 

96. 1 84 1 — 1847. Rev. William Swan Plumer, D. D. , LL.D., 
of Richmond and Baltimore, vice Col. James Madison. Editor 
of The Watchman of the South. Author, commentator and 
controvertist. Preacher at Briery church (1829-1830), like 39, 
44, 47, 70, 114. Elected President of the College in 1S44, but 
resigned; also member of Board of Union Theological Semi- 
nary, 1828-1831, 1834-1847, and President of the Board, 1840- 

97. 1841 — 1867. Rev. Jesse S. Armistead, D. D., of Cum- 
berland, vice G. Morton Payne. Class of '23. One of the 
three students at the opening of Union Theological Seminary, 
its first session, 1 823-' 24, under Rev. John Holt Rice, 51. Also 
member of Board of Union Seminary, 1 834-1 838. 

98. 1841 — 185 1. Dr. George Fitzgerald, of Nottoway, vice 
Dr. James Jones, resigned. Class of '27. Kinsman of 62 ; 
father of 1 5 1 . 

99. 1842 — 1847. Col. John Anthony Smith, of Lunenburg, 
■vice Branch J. Worsham, resigned. About Class of i8i5(?). 

100. 1844 — 1849. Dr. William B. Smith, of Cumberland. 

101. 1844 — 1866. Isaac Coles Carrington, of " Sylvan Hill," 
Charlotte. Member of the House of Delegates. Class of '30. 


Grandson of 6; son of 46; nephew of 42, 75; brother of 67, 76, 
85; like 95, son-in-law of 49; brother-in-law of 88, 95, 161. His 
wife was thus likewise descended from 6; great-granddaughter 
of 9; granddaughter of 21, grandniece of 10. 

102. 1844 — 1866. John B. McPhail, of Halifax. Class of 
'27. Son-in-law of '42, like Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, Centen- 
nial Orator of the College in 1876; thus connected with 67, 76, 
85, 101, etc. Brother of Rev. George Wilson McPhail, D. D., 
President of Davidson College, N. C, 1 867-1 871 ; member of 
Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 844-1 854 ; also one of 
the Directors of Princeton Theological Seminary, 1860-1866. 

103. 1844 — 1870. Dr. Peyton Randolph Berkeley, of Prince 
Edward. Class of '24. Capt. C. S. A. Son of 56; father of 
162, 163 ; was married to great granddaughter of 27. 

104. 1844 — 1853. Judge Francis Nat. Watkins, of Prince 
Edward. Class of '31. Member of House of Delegates. County 
Judge. Also member of the Board of Union Theological Semi- 
nary, 1873-1885, and long its Treasurer (1845-1885) and Secre- 
tary ( 1872-1885).' Great grandson of 6 and 9 ; grandson of 12, 
21 ; son of 54 ; cousin of 131 ; father of 186. Was married to 
granddaughter of 35, great-granddaughter of 25. Grandfather 
of Charles McKinney, Tutor in the College, 1890-91, who thus 
represented the sixth generation from 6 and 9. Brother of 
Samuel W. Watkins, teacher of Modern Languages in the Col- 
lege, 1840 ; and brother of the wife of Professor Charles Martin 
of the College (Professor of Ancient Languages from 1847, an d 
of Greek from 1859 to 1 87 1 ; Presiding officer of Faculty as Senior 
Member in 1856-7, when there was no President). [See below 
for second term, 1 866-1 885.] 

105. 1844 — 1849. Dr. Nat. A. Venable, of Lunenburg" and 
Prince Edward. Class of '32. Grandson of 9; son of 53; cousin 
and son-in-law of 74, and thus brother-in-law of 145, 168, and of 
Professor Charles Scott Venable of the College ( 1846-1855). 
Wife was thus great-granddaughter of 6, 9, 25: granddaughter 
of 21, 41; daughter of 74. 

106. 1844 — 1865. Colin Stokes, of Lunenburg, vice Wil- 
liam M. Thornton, resigned. Kinsman of no, 130. 

107. 1844 — 1850. Rev. John Leyburn, D. D., of Peters- 


burg and Philadelphia, vice James D. Wood, deceased. Also 
member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 843-1 847. 

108. 1847 — 1855. Dr. William Henry Patillo, of Charlotte. 
About class of 18 17. His father (?), the Rev. Henry Patillo, of 
Granville, N. C, received the first honorary A. M. given by the 

109. 1847 — 1 85 1. Rev. Samuel Lyle Graham, D. D., of 
Prince Edward. Also member of Board of Union Theological 
Seminary, 1826-1839. Professor in Union Theological Seminary, 
1838-1851 ; acting professor in the college, 1847. Kinsman of 
39, 44; his second wife was granddaughter of 23; daughter of 
James Daniel. Member of Board of Union Theological Semi- 
nary, 1827-1832. Nephew of Rev. William Graham, President 
of Washington College, Rockbridge, and President-elect of 
Hampden-Sidney, 1791. 

no. 1847 — 1852. Dr. Richard J. H. Hatchett, of Lunen- 
burg. Connected with 106, 130. 

in. 1847 — . Robert C. Anderson, of Prince Edward, etc., 
now of Blackstone. Class '36. Kinsman (?) of 81, 118. Sen- 
ior member of present Board. This is the longest term of ser- 
vice in the history of the college, having passed the jubilee of 
fifty years in 1897. 61, Dr. William S. Morton served forty- 
nine years (1816-1865); 37, Richard N. Venable, and 36, James 
Morton (father of Dr. William S. Morton), were both elected 
the same day in 1792, and served, the one until 1839 (forty-seven 
years), and the other until 1835 (forty-three years). 125, Rey. 
Moses D. Hoge, D. D., of Richmond, has served from 1852 
(now near forty-seven years). 42, Colonel Clement Carrington, 
of Charlotte, served forty-one (1 795-1 836.) Of the charter 
members, 6, Judge Paul Carrington, the elder, served forty-three 
years (1775-1818); 10, Colonel Thomas Read, of Charlotte, 
forty-two years (1775-1817); 12, Francis Watkins, of Prince 
Edward, forty years (1775-1815); President James Madison, 
forty-five years (1775-1820); Colonel Samuel Woodson Venable, 
of Prince Edward, thirty-eight years (1782-1820); Colonel Joel 
Watkins, thirty-seven years (1 783-1 820). 

112. 1847 — 1884. Judge Asa Dupuy Dickinson, of " Spring- 
field," Prince Edward, Class of '36. Member of House of 


Delegates and of Senate. Circuit Judge. Nephew of and 
named for 82. Second wife was great-granddaughter of 6 and 16. 

108, 109, no, in, 112 elected vice Henry Carrington, Dr. 
William S. Plumer, William M. Atkinson, John A. Smith and 
Theodorick Pryor, resigned. 

113. 1847 — 1857. Colonel Thomas M. Bondurant, of Buck- 
ingham, vice Samuel Branch, deceased. Member of Senate. 

114. 1847 — 1865. Rev. Samuel Davies Stuart, of Prince 
Edward and Christiansburgh, vice Nathaniel E. Venable, de- 
ceased. Pastor of Briery Church (1840-1856), like 39, 44, 47, 
70, 96, and all the early Presidents of the College: Rev. Samuel 
Stanhope Smith (1775— 1779); Rev. John Blair Smith, 1779- 
1791; Rev. Archibald Alexander, 1754-1806; Rev. Moses 
Hoge, 1808-1820. The early history of Briery Church is inti- 
mately associated with the beginnings of Hampden-Sydney Col- 
lege, and further, of Union Theological Seminary. Also member 
of Board of Union Seminary, 1 847-1 869. Chaplain, C S. A. 

115. 1848 — 1870. Colonel Travis H. Epes, of Nottoway, 
vice Colonel Asa Dupuy, deceased. Class of '26. Member of 
House of Delegates. 

116. 1848 — 1876. Archibald Graham Mcllwaine, of Peters- 
burg, vice John P. Wilson, resigned. Also member of Board 
of Union Theological Seminary, 1 847-1 874. Father of 133, 
150; grandfather of Professor Henry R. Mcllwaine, of the Col- 
lege (from 1893). 

117. 1849 — 1873. Captain Thomas E. Perkinson, of Prince 
Edward. Was married to great-granddaughter of 9, niece of 71. 

118. 1849 — 1851. Rev. Samuel J. P. Anderson, of Norfolk. 
Followed in his Norfolk pastorate by 128, and the latter by 180. 
Also member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1844- 
1846. Native of Prince Edward, and kinsman (?) of 81, in. 

117, 118 elected vice Dr. William B. Smith and Dr. Nat. A. 

119. 1850 — 1866. Colonel Alfred Boyd, of Mecklenburg. 

120. 1850 — 1852. Captain Samuel McCorkle, of Lynchburg. 
(See below for a second election in i860.) 


119, 120 elected vice Rev. John Leyburn and Rev. William 
S. Reid. 

121. 1851 — 1870. Rev. William Henry Foote, D. D., of 
Romney, Wesi Virginia. Author of Foote" s Sketches of Vir- 
ginia, First and Second Series. Also member of Board of 
Union Theological Seminary, 1 838-1 869, and President of this 
Board, 1864- 1866. 

122. 1851 — 1859. Colonel John Thruston Thornton, of Cum- 
berland and Farmville. Class of '42. Member of Convention 
of 1861. Colonel, C. S. A. Fell at Antietam. Son of 78; 
father of Professor James R. Thornton of the college (from 1883), 
and of Professor William M. Thornton, sometime Chairman of 
the University of Virginia (also graduate of the College, 1868). 
See " Life" in (140) Dr. R. L. Dabney's Miscellanies. 

123. 1851 — 1867. Edwin G. Booth, of Nottoway. About 
class of '31. Member of House of Delegates. Father of Dr. 
Edwin G. Booth, member of the Board of the College of Wil- 
liam and Mary (himself a former student of Hampden-Sidney 

121, 122, 123, elected vice Nelson Page, deceased, and Rev. 
S. J. P. Anderson and Dr. George Fitzgerald, resigned. 

124. 1S52 — 1857. Henry Flood Bocock, of Appomattox. 
Kinsman (?) of 136, and of Professor Willis Henry Bocock, of 
the College (1 886-1 889). A kinswoman is the wife of Reverend 
Thomas Cary Johnson, D. D. (class of '81), professor in the 
Union Theological Seminary from 1891. 

125. 1852 — . Rev. Moses Drury Hoge,D. D., LL. D., of 
Richmond. Class of '39. Tutor in the College, 1 834-1 843. 
Grandson of two presidents of the College, Rev. Moses Hoge, 
D. D., the elder (1807-20) and Rev. Drury Lacy (47); son of 
Rev. Samuel Davies Hoge, likewise graduate and tutor in the 
College (1810— 1816), nephew of Rev. John Blair Hoge, of Rich- 
mond, graduate and tutor in the College, 1808; brother of Rev. 
William Hoge, D. D., professor in Union Theological Seminary 
(1856-1869); and thus uncle of Professor Addison Hogue, of 
the College (1 872-1 886), and of Rev. Peyton Harrison Hoge, 
D. D., professor-elect in Union Theological Seminary, 1892. 


Also member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1S54- 
1866. President-elect of the College in 1856, like both grand- 
fathers, but resigned. Hoge Academy, a preparatory school for 
the College, is named for him, and he is Chairman of its Board. 
First, and for more than fifty years, only Pastor of Second Pres- 
byterian Church, in Richmond, from 1845. Author of Sermons 
and Addresses. Son-in-law of 87, and thus wife was grand- 
daughter of 12. Cousin of 156 and kinsman of 171. 

126. 1852 — 1858. Hon. Thomas Stanhope Flournoy, of 
Halifax. Class of '31. Member of Congress; member of Con- 
vention of 1861; Candidate for Governor. Col. C. S. A. Also, 
member of Board of University of Virginia, 1864-1865. Great 
grandson of 6 and 16; uncle of wife of 151; second wife was 
granddaughter of 6 and niece of 75. Kinsman of 178 and of 
Rev. Parke Poindexter Flournoy, assistant Professor in the Col- 
lege, 1861-2. 

127. 1853 — 1867. Hon. Stephen Osborne Southall, of Farm- 
ville, vice Francis N. Watkins. Class of '35. Member of House 
of Delegates. Resigned to become Professor of Law in the Uni- 
versity of Virginia (1866-1885). Kinsman of 142. 

128. 1854 — i86i(?) Rev. George Dod Armstrong, D. D., 
of Norfolk, vice Henry E. Watkins. Pastor of Church forty 
years (1851-1891), preceded by 118 and followed by 180. Au- 
thor on religious and theological subjects. 

129. 1855 — 1874. Dr. Robert A. Patterson, of Lunenburg, 
vice Dr. W. H. Patillo. About Class of '46(?). 

Same as 89. 1858 — 1865. (Elected second time.) Rev. 
Theodorick Pryor, D. D., of Petersburg and Nottoway. Also 
member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1848-1852. 

130. 1858 — . Col. Henry Stokes, of Prince Edward. 
Kinsman(?) of 106, no, 112. 

131. 1858 — 1867. Dr. Francis B. Watkins, of Prince Ed- 
ward. Class of '34. C. S. A. Grandson of 1 2 ; nephew of 54; 
and of the wife of 87; cousin of 104 and of the wife of 125. 

132. 1858 — 1885. Hon. Thomas T. Tredway, of Prince Ed- 
ward and Richmond. Class of '38. Member of House of Dele- 
gates. Kinsman(?) of 90, 148, 187. 


Same as 120. i860 (resigned, second time elected). Capt. 
Samuel McCorkle, of Lynchburg.* 

1 86 1 — 1865. The time of war. 

133. 1866 — 1870. Joseph Finley Mclhvaine, of Petersburg. 
Class of '58. C. S. A. Son of 116; brother of 150; father of 
Prof. Henry R. Mcllwaine, of the College. His wife was grand- 
daughter of 49, 59; great-granddaughter of 21, 27; great-great- 
granddaughter of 6 and 9. He and 150 (brothers) were married 
to sisters. 

134. 1866 — 1868. Robert A. Lancaster, of Richmond. 
Married to granddaughter of 75; great-grandaughter of 6, 55; 
great-great-granddaughter of 16. 

135. 1866— 1868. Dr. J. Willis Wilson, of Pittsylvania. 
Class of '39 (?'). 

*Note. — Between 1S56 and 1S60 nominations were to lie over, and 
from these the formal elections to be made. Those thus nominated, 
even where never formally elected, whether from declining to serve 01 
for other reason, were the following : 

1856. " Nominations were made to lie over one year: " Francis Fitz- 
gerald Jones, of Brunswick. Kinsman of 62, 98, 151; of 57 (?); and of 
(?) Robert Randolph Jones, tutor in the College, 1892-3. (Same as 
130.) Henry Stokes, of Prince Edward. (Same as U2.) William 
Wirt Henry, of " Red Hill," Charlotte. (Same as 152.) Charles Scott 
Carrington, of Halifax. (Same as 132.) Thomas T. Tredway, of Prince 

1S57. "Nominated to be elected at next annual meeting:" (Same 
as 89 ) Rev. Theodorick Pryor, D. D., of Nottaway. (Same as 131. ) 
Dr. Frank B. Watkins, of Prince Edward. Hon. Charles Bruce, oi 
"Staunton Hill," Charlotte. C. S. A. Member of Senate. Son of 
50; great-grandson of 6 and 16. 

1859. " Nominated subject to future election: " Lewis D. Crenshaw, 
of Richmond. (Same as 161.) William Watkins Read, of Charlotte. 
(Same as 120.) Samuel McCorkle, of Lynchburg. Eli Phlegar, of 
Christiansburgh; Member of Board of Union Theological Seminary 


i860. " Nominations made to supply any vacancy that may occur: " 
John A. Scott, of Prince Edward. (Same as above. ) Lewis D. Cren- 
shaw, of Richmond. Archer Boiling. (Same as 139.) Dr. Wm. T. 
Walker, of Goochland. Dr. Benj. F. Terry, of Prince Edward. 


136. 1866 — 1879. Major John Heber Flood, of Lynchburg. 
C. S. A.; kinsman (?) of 124. 

137. 1866 — 1885. Judge Francis Dean Irving, of Cumber- 
land and Farmville. Class of '39. Member of House of Dele- 
gates. Circuit Judge, succeeding 112. Grandson and namesake 
of 91. First wife was daughter of President J. P. Cushing, of 
the College (1 820-1 835), niece of 73 and granddaughter of 63. 
Second wife was cousin of first, and also granddaughter of 63. 
Uncle of the wife of Prof. Henry Clay Brock, of the College 
(from 1886), whose son, Henry Irving Brock, was tutor at the 
College, 1 895-1 896. 

138. 1866 — 1894. Captain Henry S. Reynolds, of Norfolk. 
Class of '57. Captain, C. S. A. Married to daughter of Rich- 
ard Venable Watkins, of Halifax, member of Board of Union 
Theological Seminary, 1 848-1 864, granddaughter of 48, great- 
granddaughter of 21, 27, great-great-granddaughter of 6 and 9. 

Same as 104. 1866 — 1885. Judge Francis Nat. Watkins, of 
Prince Edward. Second term of office; like his father, 54. 

139. 1866 — 1869. Dr. William Townes Walker, of Gooch- 
land. Class of '45. Surgeon, C. S. A. Nephew of 82 and 
cousin of 1 12. 

104 (second time), 139 elected vice Colonel J. P. Marshall and 
J. B. McPhail, resigned. 



Prepared by W. G. Stanard. 

(482) John Gookin, gent., [i] 350 acres in the Upper County 
of New Norfolk, beginning- at a point called Mossey Point, and 
bounded on the west by the Nansemond River. Due for the 
transportation of seven persons: Thomas Box, Jun., Peter 
Norman, Mary Norman, Jon. Butler, John Burder, Robert 
Hodges, Walter Carpenter. By Harvey, May 23d, 1637. 


[1] On June 16, 1642, John Gookin, Esq., was commissioned 
commander of Lower Norfolk County. There is on record a 
letter dated June 1st, 1642, from Sarah Gookin, of Lower Nor- 
folk, late wife and relict of Captain Adam Thoroughgood. On 
No. 20, 1647, was recorded the marriage bond of Francis Yard- 
ley and Sarah Gookin. In 1639 Captain John Gookin was Bur- 
gess for Upper Norfolk. Captain Gookin had one child, Mary, 
who married (I) William Moseley; and (II) Anthony Lawson. 

(485) Richard Bell and Christopher Lawson, 500 acres 
in the county of James City, beginning at a little Indian field, 
lying over against the land of John Demsey. Due 200, pur- 
chased by Richard Bell from Alexander Homer, and 50 acres 
from Thomas Taylor (due Taylor for his own personal adven- 
ture), and 250 acres due said Lawson for the transportation of 
five persons, William Reynolds, William Coyle, Roger An- 

drewes, Anthony , Ann Drawater. By Harvey, May 23d 


(484) Theodore Moyses, 2,000 acres in the county of James 
City, on Tanks Pasbye hayes Creek, running two miles north- 
west into the woods, and abutting on the Chickahominy River. 
Due for the transportation of forty persons (names below. ) By 
Harvey, May 23d, 1637. 

John Wotton, Frances Latner, William Foster, Edward 
Tenckes, Alice Fuller, Jon. Eles, Jon. Ferepoint, Richard Gun- 


ny, Thomas Wakefield, Arthur Patient, Jon. Winchester, Ed- 
ward Bremton, Richard Thorneton, Joanna Michells, Richard 
Cocke, William Drummond, Francis Edsome, Francis Turner, 
Robert Roles, George Boles, Robert Grant, William Hawkins, 
Henry Bradshaw, Richard Weston, Lewis Abshere, Ann Bel- 
some, Jon. Cooke, Robert Asten, Audrey Garrett, Katherine 
Hockwell, Edward Brinton; Thomas Monday, Richard Edwards, 
William Pinnock, Jon. Hacock, William Baker, William Griffin, 
William Smith, Thomas Cragg, Edward Simpson. 

(485) Thomas Symons, 100 acres in the county of Charles 
River, 50 upon a creek near adjoining the land of Humphrey 
Loyd, and 50 lying near the land of Thomas Raye; bounded on 
the north east by a " sedgie creek," and on the south east by a 
"pynie swamp." Due for the transportation of his wife, Alice 
Robins, and one servant, Richard Key. By Harvey, May 23d, 

(486) John Burnett, 150 acres in the Upper County of New 
Norfolk, adjoining a place called Mossey Point, belonging to 
John Gookin, gent. Due for the transportation of three per- 
sons: Edward Morgan, John London and William Pursent. By 
Harvey, May 23d, 1637. 

(487) Roger Symons, 50 acres in the county of Charles 
River, abutting upon the plantation of Oxford, and bounded on 
the South by the Old Poquoson River. Due for his own perso- 
nal adventure. By Harvey, May 23d, 1637. 

(488) George Unwin, 250 acres in the County of James 
City, on Checkros Creek, and bounded on the west by a "great 
deepe swampe," and on the north by the sunken marshe. 
Due for the transportation of his wife Katherine, daughters 
Katherine and Elizabeth, and two servants, William Weth and 
Dorcas Wound. By Harvey, May 25, 1637. 

(489) Thomas Paule, 350 acres in James City county on a' 
great deep swamp on Chickahominy River, and bounded on the 
west by Pagan Creek. Due: 100 for the personal adventure of 


his late father Francis Paule, as an ancient planter in the time of 
Sir Thomas Dale; 50 for the personal adventure of his Mother 
Mathew Paule; 50 for his own personal adventure, and 50 for 
the personal adventure of his sister Frances Paule. By Harvey, 
May 25, 1637. 

(490) John Dansey, 100 acres in James City County, on 
Tanks Pasbye hayes Creek. Due for the transportation of two 
persons. By Harvey, May 25, 1637. 

(491 ) Peter Rev and William Jacob, 350 acres in Isle of 
Wight county, at the head of New Towne haven, next adjoining 
the land of Edward Rogers, and bound north west by the river, 
and on south east by a branch of the said river called New 
Towne haven. Due: 100 for the personal adventure of the said 
Peter Rey and Margaret, his wife, and 50 for the transportation 
of their son, Henry Rev; and 100 by assignment from James 
Pointeau (to whom it was due for the transportation of himself 
and Anthony Lefurrier). and 100 for the personal adventure 
of the said William Jacob and the transportation of one servant, 
Samuel Hicks. By Harvey, May 25, 1637. 

(492) William Wilkinson, Clarke, 700 acres in the lower 
county of New Norfolke, within Lynhaven, commonly called 
Chesepeian river, upon a creek; bounded on the west by the 
land of Captain Adam Thoroughgood. Due as follows (vizt.): 
300 acres by assignment from Robert Newkerke, dated Oct. 3d, 
1635 (which land was due to said Newkerke as follows: 50 acres 
for his own personal adventure, and 150 for the transportation 
of three persons). The other 500 due as follows (vizt.): 50 for 
the personal adventure of said Win. Wilkinson, 50 for the per- 
sonal adventure of his wife, Naomy, and 400 for the transporta- 
tion of eight persons. By Harvey, May 25, 1637. 

Head rights: Mr. William Wilkinson, Mrs. Naomy Wilkinson, 
Edward Pearse, Hugh Jones, Martha Deacon, Thomas Crafton, 
Daniell Baker, John Boodes, John Johnson, Robert Newkerke, 
Robert Laughton, John Goodwin, Thomas Preston. 

(493) William Denham, 300 acres in. the countv of Isle of 


Wight, about three miles up the river called New Town Haven, 
adjoining the land of Thomas Jordon. Due for the transporta- 
tion of six persons (names not given). By Harvey, May 25, 

(494) Richard Millton, 75 acres at Westover, in the county 
Charles City, bounded on the south by the river, on the east by 
the land of John Clay, and on the west by the land of William 
Thompson, which land is half of a plantation formerly belonging 
to John Davis, and John Clay, in equal proportions, with "all 
buildings and houseings thereupon," and sold by said Davis and 
Clay to Thomas Stegg, merchant, [1] who sold to Millton "by 
deed upon record" [2]. By Harvey, May 26, 1637. 


[1] Thomas Stagg or Stegg was long one of the leading mer- 
chants of the Colony, and was resident sometimes in England and 
sometimes in the Colony. He was Burgess for Charles City, 
and Speaker of the House at the session of March, 1642-3 (Hol- 
ing). On June 3d, 1650, in the commission issued by the King" 
from Breda, he was appointed a member of the Virginia Council 
(Cat. Eng. Col. State Papers, Vol. I); but was evidently 
friendly to the Parliament, for in Aug., 1651, he was appointed 
one of the commissioners sent to reduce Virginia and Maryland. 
He embarked on the frigate John, and was lost at sea, together 
with Captain Dennis, another commissioner (Ibid). The will of 
Thos. Stegg was dated Oct. 6, 1651, and proved July 14, 1652. 
By it he bequeathed most of his estate to his wife Elizabeth, and 
his two children, his daughter Grace, wife of John Byrd, citizen 
and goldsmith, of London, and his son Thomas Stegg, of Vir- 
ginia. The will of the latter, who at the time of his death was 
member of the Council, and Auditor-General of Virginia, was 
dated March 31, 1669-70, and proved May 15, 1671. He left 
portions of his estate to his wife Sarah, and mother Elizabeth, 
then the wife of Thomas Grendon, of London, and to his sister, 
Grace Byrd ; and the rest of his property in England and Vir- 
ginia, to his nephew William, son of John and Grace Byrd. 

[2] This was an early instance of the recordation of convey- 
ances of land in Virginia. 



Of Essex, the Northern Neck, &c. 

[The following, furnished by a member of the family, was not availa- 
ble at the time the account given in the last number was printed. Some 
omissions have been made to avoid repetition.] 

According to tradition, two Parkers, brothers, took up land, one in 
Isle of Wight county, the other in Accomac, in 1650. The first is stated 
to have called his seat " Macclesfield."* 

The Accomac Parker was named George, and from him was descended 
George Parker who, according to tradition, was the grandfather of Dr. 
Alexander Parker, of Tappahannock. The latter moved to Essex 
county where.his will is on record; his executors were his friends " King " 
Carter and John Tayloe of Mt. Airy. 

Dr. Alexander and his wife Susanna, left three sons, Richard, Thomas 
and William. 

Of these sons, Judge Richard 2 died about 1815. m the Richmond 
Enquirer of that year will be found an obituary notice of him, written 
by Judge Roane. He was called by Landon Carter "the wisest man of 
his acquaintance." 

He left sons: Richard, Alexander, John, William Harvvar, Thomas, 
and daughters: Anne Harwar, Frances and Elizabeth. 

Anne Harvvar married Mr. Sparks, of Southampton county. Frances 
married General John Blackwell, and Elizabeth married LeRoy Dainger- 

Richard 3 Parker was born about 1752, entered the army in 1776, was 
Captain and Major of 2d Virginia regiment and served at Trenton, 
Princeton, Germantown, Braiidywine and other battles. He particularly 
distinguished himself at Trenton where he held a bridge. General 
Washington, who doubtless knew him well (they being neighbors), 
said: "you will understand Captain Parker, that this bridge is to be de- 
fended to the last extremity." "Sir," replied Parker, "we intend to 
sleep upon it." (Va. Hist. Register.) He was afterwards appointed 
Colonel of the 1st Virginia regiment and was killed in the trenches at 
the defence of Charleston, "embalmed in the tears of his faithful sol- 

* So called or named, more probably, by Colonel Josiah Parker, if, as is presumed, the 
:seat was named after the Earl of Macclesfield, who was a Parker. 
The Earldom was not created until 1710. 


diers, and honored by the regrets of the whole army." Lee's (Light 
Horse Harry's) Memoirs. 

Alexander Parker 2 rose to be a Captain in the Continental army (2nd 
Virginia regiment.) He was taken prisoner at Charleston 12th May, 
1780, and served to close of war. {Heitmart s Historical Register, Offi- 
cers of Continental An>iy.) He was Colonel of the (present) 5th 
Infantry, U. S. A., May 3, i?oS. Resigned December 31, 1809. (Ham- 
mersly's Register, 1 779-1879.) He is said to have saved (a portion of) 
Wayne's army in Georgia from an attack by Indians. (Lee's Memoirs.) 
After his resignation from the army he became I believe, a general offi- 
cer of State, troops. He married the widow Redman and lived on his 
plantation in Westmoreland county. His estate was called Ellersly 
(since burned). 

He left three children: Henry, who married Miss Cox, Maria, married 
John Waller Jones, and Harriet, died single. 

John Parker married and left two sons: Thomas and John A. He was 
drowned in the Potomac River, while attempting to board his ship. 

William Harwar Parker was born about 1752-4. His place was called 
Rock Spring. He married Mary Sturm'an, whose mother was a Miss 
Foxhall. This name comes through the Sturmans. 

William Harwar Parker was an officer of the Virginia State Navy, 
1776-80. He commanded a vessel named the Tempest during the Rev- 
olutionary War. [Virginia Historical Register.) His brothers, Alex, 
and Thomas, were members of the Society of the Cincinnati, but he 
refused to join. 

All four brothers received land grants for Revolutionary services. 

William Harwar retired from the Navy after the war, and returned to 
his plantation. His name will be found in the Virginia Annual Regis- 

Thomas 3 Parker's military services have been given. Died 24th Jan- 
uary, 1820. He commanded the forces at Norfolk, Va., 1S13 or ('14). 

He married Sallie Opie, and settled in Clarke county. He built a 
house which he called "The Soldiers' Retreat." It is (or was up to a 
comparatively recent date) still standing on the right bank of the Shenan- 
doah River, about twenty miles from Winchester and ten from Berry- 

General Parker had but one child, Eliza, who married General 
Armistead Mason, who was killed in a duel with his cousin McCarty. 
She died in early life without issue. 

William Harwar 3 Parker had four sons: Richard Elliot, Foxhall Alex- 
ander, John and William Chilton, and one daughter, Juliet Octavia, who 
married her first cousin, LeRoy Daingerfield. 

Richard Elliot* Parker was born at Rock Spring, Westmoreland, and 
studied law at Lawfield under his grandfather, Judge Richard. 1 In the 
War of 1 81 2 he was Colonel of the 35th Virginia Regiment. He fought 


at the battle of the White-House, where lie was wounded. At the con- 
clusion of the war he returned to the practice of law. He was U. S. 
Senator from Virginia 1836 7, Judge of the Court of Appeals, and re- 
fused the Attorney-Generalship under Van Buren. He died in 1840 at 
the "Retreat." He married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. William Fou- 
shee, of Richmond. 

Foxhall Alexander' Parker was born at Rock Spring, Westmoreland, 
about 1789. He entered the Navy, and rose to the highest rank of his 
day — that of Commodore. After long, arduous and distinguished ser- 
vices, he was chosen — while in command of the Boston Navy Yard — by 
his intimate friend, John V. Mason, who was Secretary of the Navy at 
that time (1848), to go to Germany in order to advise the government 
thereof as to the organization, etc., of a navy He was offered the 
supreme command and a more than liberal salary and perquisites. As 
Europe at that period was in a most unsettled condition, and as, more- 
over, in order to accept the offers made him, he would have been obliged 
to resign from the U. S. Navy, the Commodore concluded to reject the 
proposition and return to America. 

He married, in 1814, Sara, daughter of the late General Robert Bo- 
gardus, of New York city, one of the most distinguished lawyers of his 
day, and colonel of the 41st regiment of infantry (Regulars) during the 
War of 1812. 

John 4 Parker died unmarried. 

William Chilton 4 Parker entered the army and served during the War 
of 1S12. He was a. brilliant lawyer and orator. He married, 1st, Mar- 
garetta, daughter of Dr. W. Foushee, sister of his brother Richards 
wife and, 2d, his first cousin Eliza Sparks. 

Judge Richard Elliot 4 Parker had one son and five daughters: Richard, 
Mary, Juliet, Margaret, Charlotte and Elizabeth. Richard was Military 
Storekeeper of Ordnance and Paymaster U. S. A., 1838; resigned 1847. 
Was a member of Congress, a lawyer, and became judge of the Third 
(Va.) District. He tried John Brown and was applauded by friends and 
foes alike, for his impartiality, firmness and courage. He married Miss 
Evelina Moss; left no children. Mary married John S. Millson. Juliet 
died young, as did also Margaret. Charlotte married Dr. Wm. McCor- 
mick. Elizabeth married A. P. Crenshaw. Wm. Chilton Parker had 
one son and two daughters. 

Commodore Foxhall Alexander 4 Parker, Sr., had eight children: Ro- 
bert Bogardus, Foxhall Alexander, Wm. Harwar, Richard LeRoy, 
Daingerfield, Mary Jay, Octavia and Virginia Adela, of whom at this 
date (1898) but three survive: Mary Jay, Virginia Adela and Dainger- 
field. Foxhall Alexander, 5 Jr., served with distinction during the late 
war as an officer of the U. S. Navy, having attained the rank of Com- 
modore. He died in 1880 while superintendent of the Naval School at 
Annapolis. He wrote the tactics for the navy of his day, besides many 


other literary productions, translations from the Spanish, etc. He was 
recognized as one of the leading naval officers and as an authority on 
naval matters generally. 

William Harwar 5 Parker was likewise a man of distinction and was 
noted for his literary attainments as well as his professional knowledge 
and skill. He wrote (among other numerous productions) "Recollec- 
tions of a Naval Officer," and was the author of several works on Naval 
Tactics. He was a Lieutenant U. S. N. at the commencement of the 
late war but resigned and entered the Confederate service. He became 
ultimately the Superintendent of the Confederate Naval School at Rich- 
mond. He died suddenly at Washington, D. C, Dec. 30, 1896. 

Richard LeRoy 5 was a master in the U. S. (Volunteer) Navy. He 
was celebrated as being one of the handsomest men of his day, besides 
having a fine intellect and possessing many endearing personal qualities. 

Daingerfield 5 entered the army in 1861 and served continuously during 
the war, ultimately reaching the rank of Colonel (18th Infantry). He 
was retired by operation of law 1896, having attained the age limit. He 
commanded his regiment (the 3d Infantry) at times during the war; was 
brevetted for gallantry at Gettysburg. 

Foxhall A. 5 married, ist, Miss Green, of Rhode Island; 2d, Miss Mal- 
lory; 3d, Miss Donaldson, of Maryland. His son, William Harwar, 
Jr (known in the navy as "Pete"), entered the navy and became a 
lieutenant-commander. He died a few years since in Washington. 

There have been, therefore, four generations of Virginia Parkers (from 
father to son) in the Navy, as follows: 

William Harwar, in Virginia State Navy. 
Foxhall Alexander, U. S. N., son. 
Foxhall Alexander, grandson. 
William Harwar, grandson. 
Richard LeRoy, grandson. 
William Harwar, great-grandson. 

William Harwar 5 married Margaret, daughter of Burwell Mosely, of 
Norfolk, Va. No children. 

LeRoy' died unmarried. 

Daingerfield 5 married Amelia, daughter of Michael Nisbet, of Phila- 
delphia, Perm. 

Judge Richard Parker (the third Richard) had one son and five daugh- 
ters: Richard, 4 Mary, Juliet, Margaret and Elizabeth. Mary married 
General John S. Millson; no children. Juliet and Margaret died young. 
Charlotte married Dr. William McCormick. Elizabeth married A. P. 
Crenshaw, and has living six children: Parker, Marion Millson, Augus- 
tus, Miles, Elizabeth and Anna. 

The late William Harwar Parker, son of the late Commodore Foxhall 
A. Parker, Jr., who was a Lieutenant-Commander in the U. S. Navy, 


married Elise, daughter of the late Admiral Jenkins, U. S. Navy, and 
left three children: Thornton, William Harvvar* and Marion. 

It is believed that no family in America (the United States) furnished 
more, if indeed as many, commissioned officers to the Army and Navy, 
from the beginning of the War of the Revolution up to the present time, 
than the Parkers of Virginia. Besides those mentioned, there were a 
number of others more or less closely related: Colonel Josiah Parker, of 
"Macclesfield," George Parker, First Lieutenant of the Constitution 
when she captured the Java — these, not counting the Fauntleroys, Dain- 
gerfields, Chiltons and other family connections. 

It has been family "history" or "tradition" that the Parkers were 
" descended " from the Earl of Macclesfield; but the family was settled 
in this country long before the Earldom was established, which was in 
1710. {Vide "Our Old JVobJlify," by Noblesse Oblige, London, 1879.) 
The family may have been related to the Earl, however, and the fact 
that Colonel Josiah 's seat was named Macclesfield seems significant. 

Captain William H. Parker 2 says that Sir Peter Parker was cousin to 
Judge Richard. 1 He no doubt obtained this information from an authen- 
tic source. 

D. P. 


Prepared by Mrs. Thos. L. Broun. 

2. Edmund Fontaine, of Beaver Dam, married Maria Louisa Shack- 

la. Betsey Ann, married Thomas H. De Witt. 

ib. Louisa Fontaine, died in infancy. 

2b. Edmund Fontaine. 
2,b. Mary Brown, married William H. Adams. 

\c. Helen. 

2C. Anthony Crece. 

2,c. Fontaine De Witt. 
2a. William Morris, died in early life. 
3a. Sarah Louisa, died in youth. 
40. Jane Katharine, married Richard Hardaway Meade. 

ib. Edmonia Fontaine, died in infancy. 

2b. Lila, married Benjamin B. Valentine. 

2>b. Richard Hardaway, married Eleanor Prior Adkins. 
2C. Richard Hardaway. 

4b. Louise Fontaine, married Clarence Cadot. 

56. Kate Fontaine. 

6b. Marianne Skelton. 


5«. Mary Morris, married Thomas L. Broun, of Charleston, W. Va. 
ib. Louisa Fontaine, married Malcolm Jackson. 
ic. Thomas Broun. 
2C. Anna Arbuthnot. 
2b. Edmund Fontaine. 

^b. Ann Conway, married Philip Sidney Powers, 
ir. Thomas Broun. 
ic. Louisa Fontaine. 
2,c. Ann Conway. 
6a. Edmund, killed at battle of Manassas (ist), in C. S. army. 
"ja. Lucy Dabney, married Chiswell Dabney. 
ib. John Edward. 
2b. Chiswell. 
2,b. Louise Fontaine. 
4b. Lucy. 

5^. Elizabeth Towles. 
6b. Edmund Fontaine. 
8a. John Boursiquot, surgeon C. S. A., killed in battle. Married Ellen 

ib. Ellen Stuart, married Albert Sidney Morton, 
ir. Stuart Fontaine, died in childhood. 
ic. Ellen Price. 
3^:. D'Arcy Paul. 
4<\ Albert Sidney. 
5^ . An infant girl. 
ga. Richard Morris, married Kate Minor. 
ib. Edmund. 
2b. Richard Morris. 
3b. Katharine Minor. 
4b. Berkeley Minor. 

5b. Charles Landon Carter, died in childhood. 
6b. Maria Louisa Shackelford. 
\oa. Rose Maury, died in infancy. 

11a. Rosalie Shackelford married Thos. Catesby Jones. 
ib. Lou Belle. 
2b. Fontaine. 
2,b. Catesby. 
4b. Roy Meriwether. 
$b. Rosalie Fontaine. 
Sarah Rose Fontaine married Alex. Fontaine Rose. 
1. Edmund Fontaine married Betty Murray. 

1. Alexander. 

2. John. 

3. Robert. 

4. Sarah Fontaine. 


Louisa Fontaine married John Potts, of Washington, D. C. ' 
i. Rose married , of Austria. 

2. Douglas , Lieut. U. S. A. 

3. Morris Templin, Lieut. U. S. N. 

4. Elizabeth Hawley. 

Lawrence Berry married Eliza Welford. 

1. Lawrence. 

2. Susan Welford. 

Charles Alexander married Mary Eliza Rutherford. 

1. Samuel Rutherford. 

2. Charles Alexander married Logie Childs. 

1. Rutherford. 

2. Hugh. 

3. Charles. 


(Continued.) ' 

6. George 4 Baylor, born at "Newmarket," January 12th, 1752, 
died at Barbadoes, whither he had gone for the recovery of his health. 
He was a member of the Caroline County Committee of Safety, 1775-76, 
and entered the military service of his country at the beginning of the 
Revolution. Heitman gives his record as follows : George Baylor, 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Aide-de-Camp to General Washington, 15th 
August, 1775, to January 9, 1777. By order of Congress, 1st January, 
1777, it was "Resolved that a horse, properly caparisoned for service, 
be presented to Lieutenant-Colonel Baylor." He was Colonel 3d Con- 
tinental Dragoons 9th January, 1777 ; surprised, wounded and captured 
28th September, 1778 ; was exchanged, and his regiment was consoli- 
dated with the First Continental Dragoons, November 9, 1782 ; and he 
retained command to the close of the war ; commissioned Brevet Brig- 
adier-General 30th September, 17S3. 

He is several times mentioned in Washington's letters {Ford's Writ- 
ings of Washington). Writing to Reed, March 7, 1776, the General 
says : " Mr. Baylor, seeming to have an inclination to go into the artil- 
lery, and Colonel Knox desirous of it, I have appointed Mr. Moylan, 
&c. (III., p. 463). To the President of Congress, December 27, 1776, 
Washington writes, announcing the victory at Trenton: " Colonel Baylor, 
my first Aide-de-Camp, will have the honor of delivering this to you. 
His spirited behavior upon every occasion requires me to recommend 
him to your particular notice " [lb. V., 135). It was at this time that 
Congress voted a horse for Colonel Baylor. To Colonel Baylor himself 
Washington wrote on January 9, 1777 : " Your desire of commanding a 
regiment of horse I cheerfully yield to, because it is the recommendation 


of Congress, your own wish, and my desire," and gave him advice as 
to the selection of his officers: "Take none but gentlemen," was one 
recommendation (lb. V., 158). 

The night surprise and defeat of Colonel Baylor's little regiment near 
Tappan, in September, 1778, appears not to have resulted from negli- 
gence on his part. He had stationed sentinels and videttes ; but the 
enemy were guided by disaffected citizens who thoroughly knew the 
country. In this action Colonel Baylor received a severe bayonet 
wound in the chest, which produced pulmonary disease, and ultimately 
his death. 

John Baylor, of "Newmarket," assisted largely in furnishing the 
means for raising his brother's regiment. Both were warm friends of 
Washington. There is a tradition that the General was spending the 
night at " Newmarket," on his way towards Yorktown, when he received 
the welcome news that the French fleet was in the Bay. (This probably 
refers to the return of De Grasse after his successful action with the 
English fleet.) It is stated that there is a portrait of Colonel Baylor, in 
his uniform, in Philadelphia. In 1784 he went to Barbadoes for the ben- 
efit of his health, and dying there, was buried in the churchyard of St. 
Michael's Cathedral, November 10, 1784. He married, May 30, 1778 
(see Pension Application), Lucy, daughter of Mann Page, of " Rose- 
well," Gloucester county, and had issue: 

16. John Walker, 5 who married Anne Fitzhugh, and is'stated to have 
had one son, who died without issue; 17. Lucy, 5 married William Brent; 

18. Mary, 5 married ■ Horner; 19. Nathaniel, 5 died unmarried; 20. 

Eliza, 5 married Horner; 21. Frances, 5 died unmarried. {"Page 

Family :" by R. C. M. Page.) 

7. Walker 4 Baylor was Lieutenant 3d Light Dragoons, 2Sth June, 
1777; Captain, February, 1780, and resigned July 10, 1780. He was dis- 
abled by a ball which crushed his instep, at Brandywine or Germantown. 
He married Jane, daughter of Joseph Bledsoe, of Virginia, and sister of 
Jesse Bledsoe, U. S. Senator from Kentucky. Issue: 

22. Robert E. B}; 23. Dr. John W., 5 U. S. A.; 24. Walker Keith, 5 
was a lawyer, and removed to Alabama about 1820, settling in Jefferson 
county; elected to the Legislature in 1825, and was State Senator in 
1838. He was for some time Judge of County Court, and was elected 
Judge of the Circuit Court in 1843. He was killed by an accidental dis- 
charge of his gun in 1845; never married {Brewer 's Alabama, page 291); 
25. Elizabeth, 5 married William Smith, of Ohio; 26. Patrick Henry 
Nelson, 5 of Wayne county, Ohio. 

n. John 5 Baylor, of "Locust Hill" and "Newmarket," Caroline 
county, married, in 1819, Maria, daughter of Mungo Roy, of Caroline 
county, and had an only child: 26. Dr. John Roy 6 Baylor, of "New- 
market," born 1822, died July 26, 1897. Dr. Baylor married Anne, 
daughter of James Bowen, of Albemarle county. They had issue: (1) 


Captain James Bowen, 7 U. S. Geodetic Survey, married Ellen Carter, 
daughter of Charles Bruce, of "Staunton Hill," Halifax county; (2) 
John Roy, Jr., 7 of Chattanooga, Tenn.; (3) Maria Roy. 7 

12. Dr. George D. ft Baylor, born 1789, died April 18, 1848, mar- 
ried Eliza Lewis, daughter of John Fox, Gloucester county, and had 
issue : 27. John Norton f 28. Ellen Augusta; 6 29. Frances Courtney ; 6 
30. Warner Lewis ; 6 31. Julia Ann ; 6 32. Thomas Wiltshire ; 6 33. Lou- 
isa Henrietta ; 6 34. Alexander Gait ; 6 35. George R. 6 

8. Robert* Baylor, married Mrs. Gwynne, of Gwynne's Island. 

22. Robert Emmett Bledsoe 5 Baylor, born in Lincoln county, 
Ky., May 10, 1793, died at Gay Hill, Texas, January 6, 1874. He served 
in the War of 181 2, under Colonel Boswell, and was in the fight near 
Fort Meigs. In 1819 he was elected to the Kentucky Legislature, and 
in the following year removed to Alabama, where he became a promi- 
nent lawyer, and was member of Congress from that State 1829-31. 
During the Creek wars he commanded a regiment of Alabama volun- 
teers and rendered efficient service. He afterwards, in 1839, removed to 
Texas, and was immediately elected a Judge of the Supreme Court of that 
State, and was a member of the Convention which framed the Constitu- 
tion. Later he was chosen a district judge, and held that office for 
twenty-five years. Baylor University, to which he made gifts of land 
and money, was named after him, as was Baylor county, Texas. He 
was the father of Brigadier-General J. R. Baylor, C. S. A. 

Additions and corrections to this genealogy are requested. We also 
desire accounts of the Baylors of Essex and King and Queen. 

In future numbers of the Magazine copies of letters written by mem- 
bers of the Baylor family during the Colonial period will be printed. 

Of Stafford, Fauquier, &c. 

It is hardly possible that at present a full genealogy of this family can 
be prepared; but much data illustrating its history has been collected, 
which it is proposed to present, together with such deductions as may be 
made from them. 

An act passed by the General Assembly of Virginia in May, 1758 
{Hening, VI, 513), gives a clew to the English home of the family. It 
recites that John Withers, deceased, formerly of the county of Stafford, 
Virginia, was in his lifetime seised in fee, amongst other lands, a tract in 
the parish of St. Paul in that county, containing about 533 acres, and 
called Chotank; and by his will dated August 29, 1698, devised the same 
to his daughter Sarah Withers, for her life, and after her decease, to his 
cousin William Withers, and his heirs male, and for default of such issue, 
to Mr. Thomas Withers, of Lancaster, in Great Britain, and his heirs 
male, and for default of such issue, to any one proving themselves to be of 


the name Withers. And the said VVm. Withers, named, died in the Colony 
soon after the said testator, never having been married, and the said Thos. 
Withers died in England, leaving issue: Edmund Withers, his eldest 
son, who also died in England, leaving his brother William Withers, his 
heir; and the said William Withers also died in England, leaving issue: 
Thomas Withers, his eldest son and heir, who died in England, leaving 
issue: William Withers, his eldest son and heir. And the said Sarah 
Withers, daughter of the testator, John Withers, married Christopher 
Conway, and by deeds dated June 12th and 13th, 1727, conveyed said 
land to Augustine Washington, who bequeathed it to his son Samuel 
Washington. Disputes having arisen between William Withers and 
Samuel Washington, this act was passed vesting the land in Samuel 
Washington, on condition that he paid to William Withers six hundred 
pounds current money of Virginia. There -is recorded in Stafford a 
deed dated August 30, 1756, from William Withers, of Williamsburg, 
gent., to Samuel Washington, relinquishing his claim to the land, as heir 
male of Captain John Withers. 

It would seem from the act that this branch of the family and proba- 
bly all of the name in Stafford, were from Lancaster, England. William 
Withers, the last named in the act, was ancestor of the family of With- 
ers resident near Petersburg, Virginia. 

It would appear from the terms of this act and from various deeds to 
be noticed hereafter, that John Withers had no son. The almost entire 
destruction of the early records of Stafford, make it impossible to learn 
much in regard to the immigrant members of the family; but it is evident 
that there were in the county (contemporary with John Withers), two 
persons named William Withers, both probably relatives. 

John Withers, the testator named in the act, is called, in the Stafford 
records, Captain John Withers, and appears to have been a man oTprop- 
erty and standing. He married Frances, widow of Francis Dade, 
daughter of Col. Robert Townshend, of Stafford co., and granddaughter 
of Richard Townshend, member of the Virginia Council (Hayden's 
Virginia Genealogies, p. 731, &c. ) After the death of Captain Withers 
she married Rice Hooe, of Stafford. There is recorded in Stafford a 
deed dated Sept. 8, 1699, from Frances Withers, relict of Captain John 
Withers, and now about to marry Mr. Rice Hooe, of Stafford, conveying 
negroes and other personal property to her sons Robert, Francis, and 
Cadwallader Dade. In the same county is a deed from Rice Hooe, 
and Frances his wife, dated September 20, 1699, releasing to William 
Withers 400 acres in Stafford, called Hollowing Point, which John With- 
ers, deceased, gave to said William Withers. Also a deed dated Feb- 
ruary 19, 1699-1700, from Rice Hooe, who married Francis, relict of 
Captain John Withers, releasing to Captain Richard Fosaker [who was 
a Burgess for Stafford in 1703] who married the daughter and executrix 
of said Captain John Withers, all claims he might have, as marrying the 


relict of said John Withers, or any sum or sums of money in England 
or the Colony. The said Francis was entitled to one-third of the money 
in England, and this had been received by said Rice Hooe. 

There is a deed dated Stafford, December 6, 1699, from William 
Withers of that county, conveying to John Simpson, of Acquia, 200 
acres near Ltttle Hunting Creek, Stafford, part of a dividend of 2,400 
acres. Also a deed dated December 6, 1699, from William Withers, of 
Stafford, conveying 300 acres, part of 500 acres patented by Captain 
John Withers and purchased from him by William Withers, father of 
William Withers, party to the deed. Mary, wife of the last named Wil- 
liam Withers, relinquishes her interest. 

The will of William Withers, the last named, was dated May 8, 1703, 
and proved in Stafford, August 11, 1703. He gives all of his lands to 
his son John, and divides his personal estate between his wife Mary and 
son John. 

The following entries from an old Withers family Bible (for which we 
are indebted to a lady of Lexington, Kentucky), give some of the de- 
scendants of James and Elizabeth Withers, of Stafford county. It ap- 
pears from the register of Overwharton parish, Stafford, that James 
Withers died June 6, 1746, in his sixty-sixth year, it is probable that he 
was son of John Withers, and grandson of William Withers, whose will 
has just been noticed. 

The Bible record is as follows: 

Copy of record in old family Bible once owned by Benjamin Withers, 
and now in possession of one of his grandchildren. This Bible was 
printed in London, by John Basket, printer to the King, in the year 17 15. 

Births — Family of James and Elizabeth Withers. 

Elizabeth Withers, the Daftor of James and Elizabeth Withers, born 
ye 23rd December, 1701 [date dim]. 

Thomas Withers, born ye 21st December, 1707. 

Ursly Withers, born ye 20th September, 1709. 

Mary and Martha, born ye 29th , 171 r. 

John Withers, Born ye 29th Jan'y, 1713-14. 

Koons and Bridgott, born ye 29th Jan'y, 1715-16. 

James Withers, born. ye nth February, 1716-17. 

Irvine, born, Cristened, Anne Sophia, not cristened, ye 20th June, 1718 
[very indistinct]. 

Brideot, [ ?] Withers, born ye 20th July, 1720. 

Ann Withers, born ye 2nd October, 1722. 

Thomas Withers, born ye 15th February, 1723-4. 

William Withers, born ye 25th April, 1726. 

Koons Withers, born ye 13th February, 1727-8. 



Mr. James Withers, departed this life, June 6, 1746. 

Elisa Withers, departed this life, 26 July, 1749 [date dim.] 

Births— Family of John and Hannah Withers. 

James, the son of John Withers and Hannah his wife was born the 
29th of August, 1736. 

John, the next son was born the 15th of December, 1738. 

Elisabeth, the 3rd Child, was born the 28th of Feb'ry, 1741-2. 

Margaret, the 4th Child, born the 3rd Feb'ry, 1742-3. 

Mary, the 5th Child was born the 23rd Jan'ry, 1744-5- 

William, the 6th Child was born the 21st March, 1746-7. 

Thomas, the 7th Child was born the 15th Jan'ry, 1748-9. 

Ursula, Daughter of John Withers, was bora the 24th day of Decem- 
ber, 1750. 

George Withers, the son of John Withers, was born the 2nd day of 
Feb'ry, 1753. 

Hannah the 10th Child, born ye 8th September, 1754. 

Ann, was born 9 November, 1756. 

Sarah Withers, born ye 22nd April, 1759. 

Benjamin Withers, was born October 8, 1762. 


Elisabeth Withers, departed this life 26th July, 1798. 

John Withers, son of James Withers and Elisabeth his wife, departed 
this life the 25th of October, 1794. 

Hannah Withers, wife of John Withers, Departed this life the 16th of 
July, 1 80 1. 

Benjamin Withers, son of John and Hannah Withers, married Anne 
Markham. They had three children : 

George M. Withers [date of birth not recorded]. 

Alice Withers, 

William Allen Withers, born 2d of September, 1798. 


Benjamin Withers, son of John and Hannah Withers, departed this 
life October 14, 1830. 

George M. Withers, son of Benjamin and Anne Markham Withers, 
departed this life 22nd June, 1875. 

This is not taken from the Old Bible : 

William Allen Withers, son of Benjamin and Anne Markham Withers, 
was married to Eliza Perrin in 1822. They had three children : 

William Temple Withers, born January 8th, 1825. 

James S. Withers, born , 1830. 


Jane Withers, born 1842, (no children). 


William Allen Withers was killed in a battle at Jackson, Mississippi, 
in 1863, while acting as a volunteer aide on Gen'l Loring's staff. 

Eliza Perrin Withers died July 29th, 1848. 

William Temple Withers married Martha Sharkey in 1850, at Grand 
Gulf, Mississippi. They had ten children, nine of who n are now living : 

Ida Withers, married to Albert M. Harrison, of Lexington, Ky. 

Sallie S. Withers. 

Alice Withers, married to James P. Headley, of Lexington, Ky. 

Robert Sharkey Withers. 

Martha S. Withers, married to Charles W. Moore, of Lexington, Ky. 

Anne Markham Withers. 

William Temple Withers. 

Fannie A. Withers, married to T. Carl Ashbrook, of Paris, Ky. 

Mary Stamps Withers, married to H. S. Brooker, of Orange Co., Fla. 


William Temple Withers died at Lexington, 'Ky., June 16th, 1889. 

James S. Withers is a successful banker, and an honored and beloved 
citizen of Cynthiana, Ky. He married Kitty Remington, and they have 
three living children. 

Ida Withers, married to Joseph Davis, of Paris, Ky. 

Elizabeth Withers, married to Bailey Berry, of Cynthiana, Ky. 

Rodney Withers. 



As in the case of the Withers family and of many other well known 
Virginia names, no genealogy of this family of Payne has as yet been 
prepared, nor is there at present material accessible; but much data has 
been collected, and it is hoped that with the aid of various representa- 
tives of the name, much of interest may be presented. The reliable 
data will be first given, and then the information afforded will be put into 
genealogical form. 

Several brief notices of the Paynes of Goochland are in print, most of 
them entirely erroneous. The first of whom anything is known was 
George Payne, who married Mary Woodson, of Henrico county (part of 
which is now Goochland), about 1704. He was High Sheriff of Gooch- 
land in 1732 [County Records), and died in 1744. His will, dated De- 
cember 3d, and proved January 15, 1744, in Goochland, names his sons, 
John, George and Josias, wife Mary, granddaughter Agnes Payne, and 
grandsons Augustine and Jesse Payne. 

From the frequent intermarriages of members of this family with fam" 


ilies resident in the Northern Neck (such marriages very seldom taking 
place in other Goochland families), it would seem very probable that 
George Payne came from that section of Virginia. It seems very likely 
that he was the George Payne named as brother in the wills of Richard 
Payne, of Lancaster county (1709), and William Payne, of Lancaster 
( 1 726). They were sons of William Payne and his wife, Susanna, daugh- 
ter of Richard Merriman, gent., all of Lancaster. 

The register of Northam Parish, Goochland, kept by Rev. William 
Douglas, contains the following: 

" Register of children, before I began to keep an account, whose par- 
ents gave them down, and desired their names to be inserted in this 

" George Payne & Mary Woodson, a son born Octo. 30, 1705, named 

" Do. Do., a son born Nov. 21, 1707, named George. 

"Do. Do., a son born March 16, 1709, named Robert. 

"Do. Do., a son born Dec. 4, 1713, named John." 

In the county records of Goochland is a deed, dated September, 1732, 
from Josias Payne and Anne, his wife, of Goochland county. She was 
Anne or Anna Fleming. And a deed, in 1757, from Josias Payne to his 
son, George Payne, Jr. And bond, dated 1759, of George Payne, as 
High Sheriff of Goochland. Deed, June, 1765, from John Payne, of 
Goochland, to his son John. Deed, May, 1772, from Josias Payne to his 
son, George Payne, Jr., and his daughter-in-law, Agatha, wife of the 
said George. The marriage bond of George Payne, Jr., son of Josias 
Payne, and Agatha, daughter of James George, is dated December 22, 

1754, and is on file in Goochland. Both parties were minors at the time 
of the marriage. The marriage bond of Josias Payne, Jr. son of Josias 
Payne), and Elizabeth [daughter of Tarleton Fleming, of Goochland], is 
dated August 23, 1755, and is on file in Goochland. Josias Payne, Jr., was 
then a minor. The marriage bond of Robert Payne, Jr., and Ann, 
daughter of Robert Burton, is dated July 20, 1762, and is on file in 
Goochland. The marriage bond of Captain Tarleton Payne and Eliza- 
beth Woodson is dated May 23, 1782, and is on record in Goochland. 

These extracts from the Goochland records show that Josias Payne 
married Anna Fleming, in or before 1732, and that he had sons; George, 
Jr., married in 1754, Agatha George, and Josias, Jr., who married in 

1755, Elizabeth Fleming; and that John Payne had, in 1767, a son John. 
The following also appear in the Goochland records: (1) Deed, July 

1, 1775, from John Payne, of Goochland, to his son Archer Payne, con- 
veying the land called Newmarket "where he now lives," the land ad- 
joining on the east side of Beaverdam creek, which the said Archer now 
occupies, and two other tracts, and 21 negroes. Witnesses: John Payne, 
Jr., James Gordon, Burgess Ball, and Philip Heale. [The last three 
were Northern Neck men.] (2) Will of Robert Payne, dated April 12, 


1769, proved December 17, 1770; gives all his estate to his father John 
Payne, mentions his brother Archer Payne. (3) Deed, August 17, 1772, 
from Josias Payne, the elder, of Goochland, to his son-in-law William 
Heale, conveying 300 acres in Goochland, on Little Bird creek. (4) 
Deed, May 13, 1763, from John Payne, elder, to John Payne, minor, son 
of Josias Payne, conveying 200 acres on Little Bird creek, where said 
John Payne, minor, now lives. Witnesses: Josias Payne, Jr., Robert 
Payne, and George Payne. (5) Inventory of personal estate of Robert 
Payne, appraised 1739, recorded 1764. [He was probably the son of the 
first George Payne, and died without issue.] (6) Deed, June 15, 1765, 
from John Payne to his son John Payne, Jr., conveying land on the north 
side of )ames river, where the said John Payne, Jr., is now building. 
(7) Will of George Payne, dated February 23, 1781, and proved March 
15, 1784; to son George the land, 530 acres on the branches of Little 
Bird creek, where said George formerly lived, and seven slaves; also 
half a tract of land the testator had in Fluvanna county, distinct from 
his main tract there, in the fork of James river, where testator's son Rob- 
ert Burton Payne has built a dwelling house. To son Robert Burton 
Payne half of testator's land in Fluvanna county on Cunningham's 
creek, and nine slaves, and the remaining half of the land given to 
George. To son Joseph, the land in Goochland, 977 acres, where tes- 
tator then lived, with sixteen slaves, and all the stocks of horses, cattle, 
&c. To daughter Mary Shelton, six slaves, and certain furniture she 
already had. To daughter Ann King, five slaves, and confirms a deed 
of gift to her husband Sackville King, for 300 acres on Cary creek, Flu- 
vanna, where they now live. To daughter Elizabeth Woodson, six 
slaves and confirms a gift of ten head of cattle, &c. To grandson 
George William Payne, 400 acres in Fluvanna, in the fork of James river 
and Crooks creek, and if he should die without issue, then reversion to 
grandson Joseph Morton Payne. To son Joseph, the remainder of the 
land in Fluvanna, in the fork of James river, and if he should die with- 
out issue, said land to be equally divided between testator's other chil- 
dren. [George Payne, who made this will, was the son of George 
Payne 1st, of Goochland.] 

(6) Will of [Colonel] John Payne, dated April 24, 1784, proved Aug. 
17, 1784. Legatees: To son John the plantation he (the son) lives on; 
also the land testator purchased of Wm. Pledge; also 400 acres more in 
Fluvanna on the branches of Bird creek, testator purchased of Wm. 
Gooch, and also all the negroes son John has in his possession. Con- 
firms to son Archer the land where he (A.) now lives, called New- 
market; also that tract adjoining on the east on Beaverdam creek, which 
testator purchased of Wm. and Gideon Christian; also all the land he 
purchased of Coleman, adjoining the Beaverdam creek; also 20 odd 
acres adjoining Newmarket; also all that track on both sides of the 
Mountain road, and the negroes formerly given said son. To wife, 


Jane, all the estate testator had with her; also gives her the use of that 
part of the plantation where he lives, that lies on the north side of the 
main road, including 152 acres he purchased of Richard Anderson, in 
consideration of her relinquishing her claim to dower, also 18 slaves 
during her life and at her death to go to his son Robert, son George 
Woodson, and son Smith. To daughter, Ann Gordon, 11 negroes, all 
of which she then had in possession. To son, Philip, all his plantation 
in Campbell county on Staunton river, 20 cattle, implements, sheep, 
hogs, &c. ; also 18 negroes; also part of a tract in Bedford county, called 
the Forest. To son, Smith, his land in Campbell county, called Flat 
Creek Quarter; 20 cattle, horses, hogs; also the remainder of the Forest 
tract in Bedford; also 100 and odd acres adjoining, which testator pur- 
chased of Drury Howard; also a house and lot in New London, Camp- 
bell county, also 17 negroes. 

Bequest to wife in consideration of her taking care, schooling, &c, 
of the three children, George Woodson, Robert and Mildred Matthews 
("I desire my sons, in particular, may be taught in the best manner, 
and that neither of their estates be chargeable"). When son, George 
Woodson, arrives at the age of 21, wife is to give him the remaining 
part of my estate in Virginia, such remainder to belong until then to 
wife. To son, George Woodson, all that part of the land, mill and 
plantation, on the south side of the main road, and the stocks of cattle, 
&c, belonging thereto, and also 16 negroes. Daughter, Mildred Mat- 
thews, 13 negroes. Son, Robert, 365 acres on both sides the Mountain 
road, called Pryors; and all the land given wife, after her death; also 
two other small tracts of 152 and 130 odd acres, adjoining the preced- 
ing, and lying on both sides the Mountain Road, and the Carter's Ferry 
Road; one-third of the cattle on said plantations, and also 16 negroes. 

(7) Deed, September, 1785, from William Payne, conveying land 
which had been purchased by his father, Josias Payne. (8) Deed, Oc- 
tober, 1786, from Archer Payne and Martha his wife, of Goochland. 

(9) Deed, 1787, from Joseph Payne, of Goochland, and Anne his wife. 

(10) Deed, July 20, 1789, from George Woodson Payne and Mary Clai- 
borne his wife. 

In August, 1 7S r, George Payne was recommended for appointment as 
Lieutenant-Colonel of Goochland militia. 

Josias Payne (younger) qualified as 2d Lieutenant Goochland militia 
May, 1779. 

Will of John Payne, dated January 22d, 1794, proved Goochland, De- 
cember 21st, 1795. Legatees : Wife Margaret, her son Roderick, her 
daughter Mary Pollock ; "My daughter " Ann Ball Payne ; " My son " 
John Chichester Payne. 

(to be continued. ) 



Cotton. — Mr. Frank E. Cotton, Woburn, Mass., is compiling a 
genealogy of the Cotton families of America, and requests as full infor- 
mation as possible from all members of the family. He says : " I will 
gladly give, in return for such information as you may give me of your 
family, any memoranda from my notes which may be of interest to you." 

Gentry. — Mr. Richard Gentry, Kansas City, Mo., is collecting data 
for a genealogy of the family of his name, which descends from early 
settlers in New Kent county, Va. Correspondence with persons in- 
terested is desired. 

Warren. — In the October number of this Magazine appeared a note 
on the Warren family, in which it was stated that Thomas Warren, of 
Surry county, Va., was a son of Sir Edward Warren, of Poynton, and 
that his son, Thomas Warren, Jr., settled in Maryland, and was ancestor 
of a family in that State. It is believed that the writer of that note was 
altogether mistaken in regard to both statements, and that there is no 
proof of the facts stated. At an early date a number of extracts from 
the Surry records in regard to the Warrens will be printed. 

Genealogical. — There are now prepared or in course of preparation 
for this Magazine, genealogical articles of greater or less extent in regard 
to the families of Pryor, Foote, Booker, Rodes, Railey, Mosby, Cannon, 
Washington of Southampton county, Coles, Woodley, Copeland, Parker 
of Isle of Wight, Parker of Eastern Shore, Michaux, Fulton, Legrand, 
Binford, Evans, &c. 

The Mortons of Virginia. 
While searching for information concerning my ancestors, Joseph Mor- 
ton, of the Northern Neck, and William Morton, of Orange county, I 
have come into possession of data concerning other Mortons also. As 
the information has been gathered from many sources, it is impossible 
to specify each one or to verify many statements made. It is presented 
now in order that further data may be elicited. When the missing links 
are found, the matter will be published in book form. Help is wanted. 
Daniel Morton, M. D., St. Joseph, Mo. 

Custis Family. 
Editor Virginia Magazine of Hist, and Biography, Richmond, Va, 
Dear Sir: 

Having, in the past few years, collected a large amount of material 
relating to the history of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, and the geneal- 
ogy of its prominent families, it is proposed to prepare, with a view of 
publishing, a genealogy of the Custis family of Virginia, with which are 


connected most of the families of that section of Virginia. Any infor- 
mation of a historical, genealogical or biographical character, relating- 
to the Custis family or its connections, will be appreciated. We are in 
possession of considerable original matter from the records of Virginia 
and elsewhere, never heretofore published, which will, no doubt, prove 
interesting to the many connections of that family and others interested 

in such matters. 

G. O. Callahan, 6ji Bullitt Building, Phila. 

Will of John Mason, 1678. 
Editor of the Va. Magazine of History and Biography : 

Sir — Enclosed you will find a copy of the will of John Mason, 
dated 7th day of July, 1678, proved in London 16th September, 1678, in 
which he bequeaths to his son, Tho. Mason, and unto my daughter, 
Elizabeth Mason, all my whole estate in Virginia, &c. 

I thought it might be of interest to readers of the Magazine; if so, 
you are welcome to use it. 

I should like to have the following query inserted: 

Wanted information in regard to the Wickliffe Family of Virginia and 
Kentucky. Elijah Wickliffe emigrated from England about 1748 and 
settled near Dumfries, Va. Wanted: the name of his wife and his 
parents and ancestry. 

Yours truly, 

C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, 
Sept. 1/, 1898. 349 Broadzuay, New York City. 

In the name of God Amen. 

I, John Mason, being very sick & weake in body, but of perfect 
memory, thanks be unto God, doe make my last will & testament as 
followeth, to-wit: I bequeathe my soule to Almighty God that gave it, 
hoping through the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ to obtain pardon 
for my sinnes, & my body to the earth, desiring christian buriall. I give 
unto my loving wife Mary Mason & unto my son Tho. Mason & unto 
my daughter Elizabeth Mason all my whole estate in Virginia & else- 
where to be equally divided amongst them,. & in case that my said wife 
should have been with child when I left her & that child be living, I 
then doe bequeath unto that child, an equal share with my wife & the 
other two children, before mentioned, I also do make my loving wife 
my sole executrix, and appoint my loving friends Mr. Thomas Nelson & 
Mr. John Dogge my overseers of this my will, as witness my hand & 

seale this 7 day of Julv, 1678. 

John Mason. 

Signed & sealed before us Tho. Hone, Abell Clarke, Tho. George, 
Martin Salter, John Steward. 

P'd in London 16 Sep., 1678, by oath of Maria Mason, relict & execu- 


Necrology of Virginia Historical Society, 1898. 

Colonel Richard Thomas Walker Duke was born at Mill Brook, 
the country seat of his father, Richard Duke, in the county of Albemarle, 
on June 6th, 1822. His father, a prominent citizen of Albemarle, was 
the son of Clivears Duke, who was the son of Clivears Duke (II ), whose 
father, Clivears Duke, was the grandson of Colonel Henry Duke, of 
Governor Nicholson's Council. 

Colonel Duke's mother was Maria Walker, the granddaughter of Dr. 
Thomas Walker, of Castle Hill. 

Colonel Duke attended private schools until 1842, when he entered 
the Virginia Military Institute, graduating second in the class of 1846. 
After graduation, he taught in the Richmond Academy during the ses- 
sion of 1845-6. 

He married, on the 26th day of July, 1846, Miss Elizabeth Scott Esk- 
ridge, of Staunton, and moved to Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, Va. 
(now West Virginia), where he taught until 1849, when he was recalled 
to Virginia by the death of his father. He had previously studied law, 
but entered the University of Virginia and graduated in one session. 

He then commenced what proved to be a brilliant and long career as 
a member of the distinguished bar of Charlottesville. In 1858 he was 
elected Commonwealth's Attorney of Albemarle county — an office he 
filled by successive elections until elected to Congress in 1869. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, he entered the Confederate service 
as Captain of Company " B," 19th Virginia Regiment. In 1862 he was 
made Colonel of the 46th Virginia Regiment, and served with that regi- 
ment until March, 1864, when he resigned. He remained out of service, 
however, only thirty days, when he was requested by the government to 
take charge of the organization of the reserve forces. He was placed 
in command of the reserve forces, and commanded the 1st Battalion at 
Belle Isle, and during the winter of 1864 and '65 was in the trenches at 
Fort Harrison with them. At the evacuation he was placed in charge 
of a brigade of reserves, and was, with them, captured at Sailor's Creek 
on April 6th, 1865. He was in Johnson's Island Prison until July 25th, 
1865. In 1869 he was elected to the 41st Congress, and re-elected to the 
42d. He declined to stand for another term, and resumed the practice 
of law. 

In 1877 he was prevailed upon to become a candidate for the Legisla- 
ture as a debt-paying Democrat, and was the only Democrat elected as 
such from Albemarle county that year — his personal popularity over- 
coming the readjustor sentiment as far as he was concerned. 

He was universally beloved, honored and respected, and no fitter 


tribute could have been paid his memory than that portion of the reso- 
lutions of the Charlottesville bar, which said: 

" But apart from his public and professional work, his inborn sense of 
honor and his kindly and generous nature won to him such a host of 
friends, in every walk of life, as but few men who have ever lived 
amongst us could show — friends by whom he was beloved and esteemed 
on account of those noble qualities of head and heart which appealed to 
every one both in the profession and out of it." 

Colonel Duke died at Sunnyside, his home in Albemarle county, on 
July 2d, 1898. 

Two sons, Hon. W. R. Duke and Judge R. T. W. Duke, Jr., survive 
him. His only daughter, Mary, who married Dr. Charles Slaughter, of 
Lynchburg, died in 1883, leaving a daughter, Miss Mary W. D. Slaugh- 

Colonel Duke was for many years, and up to his death, an active mem- 
ber of this Society. 

Colonel John Baytop Carv was born October 18, 1819, at the 
family country-seat near Hampton, Va., and died in Richmond, Va., 
January 13, 1898. He was educated at William and Mary College, where 
he graduated in 1839. He entered upon the profession of teaching 
immediately, and, for twenty-two years, was the principal and proprietor 
of the Hampton Military Academy, which grew to be, under his admin- 
istration, one of the largest and most flourishing schools in the South. 
At the beginning of the civil war he closed this academy to offer his 
services to his native State, and in August, 1861, the finely equipped 
buildings were burned to the ground. He was appointed major in com- 
mand of all the troops around Hampton, and at the battle of Bethel was 
promoted to be Lieut. -Colonel. He served on the staff of General Ma- 
gruder until after the battles around Richmond, when, his left arm being 
broken, he was transferred from the field to the Paymaster's Depart- 
ment in Richmond, where he remained until the surrender of Lee. 
Then, ruined financially by the destruction and confiscation of his prop- 
erty, he settled in Richmond, and began life again as a business man, 
devoting the last twenty years of his labor to the building up of a large 
and prosperous Insurance business. He was honored by many posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility in his adopted city, and died, as he had 
lived, " without fear and without reproach." 

Henry Wise Hobson. — Henry Wise Hobson was the son of Fred- 
erick Plumer Hobson, Esq., and Annie Jennings Wise. His grand- 
father, John C. Hobson, was a leading merchant of the city of Richmond, 
Virginia, and his mother the daughter of Governor Henry A. Wise. 
Deceased was born July 9th, 1858, in Goochland county, Virginia, and 
died August 13th, 1898, in the city of New York. Although but forty 


years of age at the time of his death, Mr. Hobson had achieved a 
marked success in his profession, and was one of the leading corporation 
lawyers of the West. 

Reared on his father's plantation, and in the city of Richmond after 
his father's death, he entered William and Mary College, and, after 
graduating there with high honors, attended the law school of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, where he received the degree of Bachelor of Law. 
By reason of the impairment of his father's estate, Mr. Hobson taught 
school in private families for a year or more, but graduated and entered 
the practice of his profession in the office of his uncle, John S. Wise, 
before he was twenty-one years of age. Mr. Wise, having entered ac- . 
lively in politics, his nephew, whose tastes were all toward the law, 
determined to seek his fortune in the West about the year 1880. 

He first located in Leadville, and, the climate of that section being too 
severe for him, he removed for a short while to Texas, but abandoned 
Texas and permanently established himself at Denver, Colorado, where, 
about the year 1887, he was married most happily. 

From that time his professional career was fixed, and with each year 
his practice became larger, and his prominence greater. He was ap- 
pointed United States Attorney by Mr. Cleveland during his first admin- 
istration, and entrusted with many important litigations. Among these 
were the Government claims against the timber robbers of Wyoming 
and the assertion of the Government's rights against the property of the 
Mormon church. 

In rendering these services Mr. Hobson obtained great distinction as 
a lawyer. It drew to him the attention of many large corporations, and 
besides employment in other important litigations, he was, for several 
years prior to his death, the General Counsel of The Union Pacific, 
Denver & Gulf Railroad, in charge of an immense volume of litigation 
for that company in the hands of a receiver and in reorganization. 

His physical organization was delicate and never robust, but he was a 
man of intense nervous energy and great power for work. He was 
unaware of any organic disease, until, while engaged in the business of 
that company in the City of New York, he was suddenly seized with ap- 
pendicitis, and as the symptons were mistaken by the first physician 
consulted by him, he was past human aid when the true character of the 
disease was discovered, and died within four days after the appearance 
of the first symptom 

No lawyer of his age in the United States has ever received more flat- 
tering tributes to his capacity, his industry, and, above all, to his integ- 
rity, than did Mr. Hobson. The bench and bar in every circuit where 
he practiced, a large number of clients, not only in the West but in the 
great States of the East, and even in England, and a host of friends and 
admirers from every section where he was known, poured in tributes of 
affection, respect and admiration for the dead lawyer. 


It is often said that legal fame at its best is but limited and ephemeral. 
Be this as it may, Mr. Hobson acquired the full measure of recognition 
in his chosen calling, and his life and his example are left as a proud 
heritage to his family and to the State which gave him birth. 

Thomas Henry Edsall was born in Orange county, N. Y., fifty -six 
years ago. In 1861 he was graduated from Brown University, and in 
December, 1862, joined the 167th New York Volunteers, hating received 
an appointment as first lieutenant of one of the companies of that regi- 
ment. He was afterwards promoted to the office of adjutant, and served 
with credit in the Department of the Gulf. On November 16th, 1863, 
he was mustered out of service with his regiment, which had been hon- 
ored with the title of "Ironsides," in recognition of the steadfastness 
and bravery displayed by its members throughout their term of service. 
After his honorary discharge from the army, Mr. Edsall at once resumed 
his studies as a law student, at Columbia College, New York, and was 
admitted to practice in 1865. He then entered the law office of O'Conor 
& Dunning, where he remained until he became associated with Mr. 
Theodore M. Davis in the practice of his chosen profession under the 
firm name of Davis & Edsall. Mr. Charles O'Conor frequently ex- 
pressed his appreciation of Mr. Edsall's sterling worth, and throughout 
his life held him in high esteem. Mr. Edsall was one of very few friends 
who were invited by Mr. O'Conor to visit Nantucket, after he had retired 
to that locality in search of health and quiet. They also corresponded 
at intervals, and during Mr. O'Conor's service on behalf of the State 
and county of New York, in the celebrated Tweed trials, he availed 
himself of Mr. Edsall's assistance in the preparation of those important 
cases, in which he had consented to serve the people as special counsel. 
On February 1st, 1872, Mr. Edsall was invited by Mr. O'Conor's former 
law partner, the late Benjamin F. Dunning, to join Mr. W. H. Hart and 
himself, and on that date the firm of Dunning, Edsall & Hart was 
formed. This firm enjoyed a very large practice, and was continued, 
with slight variation, until Mr. Edsall's withdrawal, in consequence of 
ill health, in the month of July, 18S6. Mr. Edsall's education was the 
substratum of his legal attainments. He studied his cases with the 
utmost conscientiousness, and was ever watchful and observant. He 
was apt to be cautious in expressing a professional opinion, for emphasis 
meant a great deal with him. He felt what it might signify to express 
himself without mature reflection. He surveyed legal questions with 
intellectual composure, considered carefully their various sides, formed 
his judgments deliberately, and then rested firmly upon his conclusion. 
The breadth and evenness of his mind did not preclude a special fond- 
ness for special subjects. He found enjoyment in tracing out obscure 
connections. His judgments had usually a wide basis, and were com- 
prehensive as well as sober and mature. He was a generous man. 


Sordid motives he did not understand. There was a true modesty in 
his relations with men. He was discriminating and judicial in criticism, 
and never malicious. He was emphatically a patriotic man and a good 
citizen. His loyalty and devotion to his clients were well known traits 
of his character, to which many persons in his new field of work, as well 
as in this section, will bear witness. He loved his home, his family, his 
friends, and he had a peculiarly happy way of adjusting his habits and 
mode of life" to his surroundings, and in accepting conditions as he found 
them. These qualities made him an acceptable and genial companion, 
and those who knew Mr. Edsall well found in him a true, warm hearted 
and clean minded man. One whom they were bound to respect, and 
could trust in all things implicitly. 

Mercer Slaughter, born in Orange county, Virginia, February 25, 
1844, died in Richmond, Virginia, May 10, 1897. Had a slight military 
education at the Virginia Military Institute in 1S61. Entered the service 
of the Confederate States early in the war, and rose to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant of Artillery in Peyton's — afterwards Fry's — battery, Braxton's 
battalion. He was a nephew of Dr. Philip Slaughter — the eminent 
clergyman and historiographer of the Episcopal Church and author of 
man}' historical briefs ; grandson of Philip Slaughter of the Culpeper 
" Minute-Men " in the Revolution ; and on his mother's side a descen- 
dant of Gen. William Madison— brother of the President. 

After the war Mr. Slaughter went into the railroad service, starting as 
baggage master, and becoming General Passenger Agent of the Virginia 
Midland R. R. Co., and subsequently a member of the Board of Rail- 
road Commissioners, with headquarters at Atlanta, Georgia. 

For several years prior to his death he had been engaged in collecting 
material for a history of the Madison and Slaughter families, and inci- 
dentally of Orange and Culpeper counties ; and had amassed a large 
and very valuable lot of historical data from original records and manu- 

He was engaged in this congenial task at the State Library when he 
was stricken with paralysis. He survived the stroke but a few days, 
and our historical annals suffered a distinct and sad loss in his untimely 
death. His manuscripts, however, were carefully preserved, and it is 
hoped they may yet be published by his sole surviving son. 



A Note on Mr. W. W. Henry's Views of "The First Republic 
in America," as Expressed in the October Number of this 
Magazine, Pages 209-222. 

To those members of "The Virginia Historical Society" who have 
not yet read my book (and I am writing this note especially to them), I 
wish to say: I became convinced, many years ago, that there was cer- 
tainly something radically wrong with our earliest history, as it had been 
written. I determined to locate and to correct the wrong if I could; and 
with these objects in view I have, for more than a quarter of a century, 
labored faithfully in the field of our earliest history. 

To state the result, briefly, I found that the historic wrong arose from 
the fact that the officials and historians under James I, for reasons of 
Church and State, and for personal reasons, had suppressed the true his- 
tory of one of the grandest movements in the onward march of man, 
and had published, in lieu thereof, accounts which conveyed the false 
ideas in consonance with their views. 

There can be no doubt of the fact that an historic wrong has been 
committed, and that a leading cause of this was the suppression of truth 
and dissemination of falsehood by the advocates of a Royal Monarchy. 
The only questions are — Can the wrong be corrected ? Or is it now too 
late ? These are questions which the historians of the Republic must 

I have been trying to do my part toward correcting the wrong by pub- 
lishing the true history, mainly from the records then suppressed. From 
the first I have been bitterly opposed by the historians under the Re- 
public (especially Mr. Henry\ who are trying to perpetuate the wrong 
by contending in every way for the accuracy of the histories then 
licensed by the Crown. 

In his review, on page 209, Mr. Henry says that I "indulge in many 
guesses where my evidence is at fault; " and his criticism is an attempt to 
prove his assertion, but it really proves that he sees as in a looking-glass, 
and that the faults are his own. 

On page 210: " H e [I] denounces the Charter of 1606, under which the 
Colony was founded." I do not denounce this charter; it was good 
enough in some directions and as far as it went in others; but when the 
patriots who were opposed to the advancement of absolute tyratmy, then 
aimed at in England by King and Court (compare Wodenoth with " the 
Declaration of Independence"), decided "to lay hold on the expecta- 
tion of Virginia as a providence cast before them," for establishing a 
more free government in America, and thus to enable their posterity to 


escape the absolute power aimed at in England, this charter did not 
enable them to carry out their plans; therefore, they called upon Sir 
Edwin Sandys, the leader of the Independent or Patriot Party, to draft 
the petition for the charter which did. Among the desired rights asked 
for were: A special charter of incorporation, in which the unsatisfactory 
parts of the charter of 1606 would be superseded, "erecting them into 
a corporation and 'Body Politic" "—granting to adventurers in England 
and planters in Virginia the political rights (under certain restrictions) 
of self-government, freedom of electing own officers, making own laws, 
etc. The personal rights granted by the Royal Charter of 1606 were 
not only confined to a limited, indefinite area of land, but also to a lim- 
ited time, and were of an indefinite value, conveying to planters and 
their children only the rights of natives of England. Much of the old 
feudal system still obtained in Great Britain, and all of her citizens were 
not free born, "all were not created equal," under that government. 
Under the Company Charter of 1609, drafted by Sandys, of Kent, these 
personal rights were continued definitely to their posterity, and those 
born within the extended limits of the Colony were to be "Free Deni- 
zens and natural subjects, ' ' and these rights were granted "?';/ perpetuity. 

Sandys, Southampton, Selden and the other patriots knew the value 
of the rights granted in their charters of 1609 and 161 2 when they peti- 
tioned for them v and when they contended boldly for them against the 
privy council, courts, commissioners and king. The royalist had found 
out their value when they protested against them; James I, when he 
determined to annul them; the commissioners when they decided against 
them; the court of the King's Bench when it tried to annul them, and 
the Council when it suppressed the records telling the truth about them 
and gave out false accounts of the progress made under them. The 
" Rebels " of Virginia knew their value when they contended from time 
to time for their charter rights. Our revolutionary forefathers knew their 
value when they fought the decisive battle for them in 1 774-1 781, and it 
is time for our historians to acknowledge, without quibbling, their value 
to our founders, to our forefathers and to us. 

I "denounce" the form of government designed for the colonies by 
James I in 1606, under which the commissioners and historians of James 
I assert that " the Colony was founded." While the records which the 
royal authorities suppressed, because they revealed the very fact, show 
that the colony was not established until after the alteration into "the 
popular course" — in which the same royal authorities 1 the facts being 
concealed by them), assert that all went to ruin. It is very important to 
note the historic fact that the failure of the colony under the King's form 
of government, marks an initial point in our national destiny. See " The 
First Republic in A merica, ' ' p. 99. 

P. 210. " Written from the records" etc. These records are not par- 
tisan, they were the authentic evidences both of the crown and the com- 


pany, while the histories being under the control of the crown party, 
were necessarily ex parte. Prior to the freedom of the press, manuscript 
has prima facie preference over print as evidence; because while some 
of the recorded manuscript is as impartial and reliable as any human 
evidence is apt to be — none of the printed evidences licensed by a crown 
can be so safely relied upon, for they were obliged by the censors to con- 
form to the purposes (the Divine right) of the ruler, regardless of the 
rights of others. And even now, where there is no censorship over the 
press, there is no way of testing the accuracy of history save by the 

P. 210. "As to the Council in Virginia" etc.* There was strictly 
speaking no '•' Council of the Company in London under all three char- 
ters." The company itself was first incorporated as a " body politic," 
under the charter of 1609. Under the charter of 1606 the King appointed 
his Council for his land of Virginia, between 34° and 45 north latitude, 
which had a supervision over the colonies planted or to be planted within 
those bounds, and this Council not the London Company), appointed 
the King's Council for governing the plantation in Virginia under the 
form of government designed by the King. Both councils, both com- 
panies, and the purpose of the movement being all directly under the 
crown. Hence the necessity of obtaining a special company charter to 
enable the patriots to make the alterations desired. 

His Majesties first special Council for the Company in London, was 
appointed in the charter of 1609 by the King, who continued his former 
Council and added other members of the company, but the members of 
this council were thereafter to be elected by the company. The mem- 
bers of the Governor's Council, or Council of State (under the charters 
of 1609 and 161 2) in Virginia, were appointed by the Governor or chosen 
by the other councillors in Virginia or elected by the company in Eng- 
land as circumstances required. After 161 1 Virginia affairs were largely 
managed by the Virginia courts composed of qualified voters, adven- 
turers in England and planters in Virginia. It is not necessary to go into 
fuller details here, as the reader will find complete and correct accounts 
of the various Councils, forms of government, etc., given in my book. 

Pp. 210, 21 1. ' " Dr. Brown, in his attack upon the government under 
first charter, quotes the first of these words of Rolf e, but does not give 
the last clause," etc. I cannot imagine why Mr. Henry should write so 
recklessly, and then follow it up with an unjust charge. I quote neither 
" the first' " nor "the last clause.'' A comparison of the abstract given 
from Rolfe's letter to Sir Robert Rich (afterward Earl of Warwick), in 
" The First Republic " (p. 236), with Rolfe's relation as printed in Max- 
well's Virginia Historical Register (Vol. I., pp. 104, ios 1 ), will show that 
I have conveyed in brief the correct idea of his full statement. And it 

* It is not necessary for me to repeat Mr. Henry's statements in full as the reader can 
easily refer back to them. 


will also show why Mr. Henry omitted the words between " aristocrat- 
ically, "and " afterwards. ' ' 

The fact that Rolfe wrote as he did " To the King's Most Sacred 
Majestie" makes his condemnation of the form of government which 
had been designed by the King himself peculiarly strong.. As Rolfe 
must have known that James I. would oppose the government designed 
by the company as soon as its liberal features became known, it was in 
the interest of the Colony for him to tell the King that their present gov- 
ernment was monarchial ; but it was really a temporary martial govern- 
ment which the managers were even then arranging to alter into a more 
free form. 

P. 211. It was not a mistake to name the work " The First Republic 
in America." Of course the Republic was not fully grown at birth — 
that would have been contrary to the uniformity of the laws of nature — 
while our origin and growth has been perfectly legitimate and in accord- 
ance with the universal harmony of things. The seed, or germ, of the 
Republic was planted in the popular charters of 1609 and 161 2 ; accord- 
ing to the laws of nature, the seed lay under ground, so to speak, and 
under proper management did not "cleft the soil " until the proper time. 
It began to take definite form as a plant in England in 1617— t6i8, and in 
Virginia in 161 7-16 19 ; and as soon as the shoot appeared above ground 
the royalist made a vigorous attack upon it ; but notwithstanding every 
effort on their part to kill it out in America, it continued to grow until it 
became a great tree, and because it had grown from its own seed, on its 
own staunch roots, it had a stout body able to resist the supreme attack 
of its adversaries when in the fullness of time it came. 

Literally it was a part of the great movement for political and consti- 
tutional freedom then beginning in Great Britain. As well as the com- 
mencement of the Colonial mission of the English-speaking people to 
carry liberty, enlightenment and good government to the benighted 
nations of the world which has been going on ever since. 

P. 211. "Nor is his mistake in the name merely" etc. A good deal 
that I wrote about the political issues has been collected from numerous 
scattered contemporary print and manuscript evidences; but VVode- 
noth's "Short Collection of the Most Remarkable Passages from the 
Originall to the dissolution of The Virginia Company," which was my 
chief authority, draws the political lines as distinctly as I have done, and 
gives a similar outline of the part taken by past politics in our national 
origin. The movement was an inspiration of the Independent or patriot 
party, and it was carried forward under the charters which had been 
drafted by Sir Edwin Sandys (the leader of that party) for that purpose. 

A contest in which one's head is at stake will naturally be carried on 
very secretly. Many private acts, resolves, etc., of the patriots were 
doubtlessly never recorded; many of the secret records were probably 
destroyed by the party leaders before, or after, they were called for, in 


order to prevent them from being seen by the Crown officials. Thus 
circumstances forbid the probability of finding sufficient data to enable 
one to give a complete detailed account of such a movement. It is evi- 
dent, however, that the new party of Independents, or Patriots as they 
called themselves, which had been forming for some years, laid hold on 
the hope of Virginia in 1608-1609; that there was some opposition in the 
old royalist party to the alteration of the King's form of government in 
the company and colony from the first; that it increased on the return 
of the fleet from Virginia in December, 1609; that this opposition to the 
new purpose of the Company became more evident when the royal 
party found that Sir Edwin Sandys was again developing his independent 
ideas in the petition of October, 1610, for a second company charter and 
that it was instrumental in delaying the signing of that charter until. 
March, 161 2. That soon after this charter went into effect the active 
and open antagonism of the court party to the purpose of the patriots 
began and so continued, until it finally caused James I. to determine to 
annul the popular rights granted in the company charters. 

When Sir John Danvers gave to Southampton the copy of "The 
Leiger-Court (' The Seminary of Sedition ' of James I. ) books " of the 
Virginia Company, which Danvers had had secretly made, Wodenoth 
says : " The Earl was so affected therewith that he took Sir J. Danvers 
into his arms, with very great thankfulnesse, saying, Who could have 
thought of such a friendship but Charles Danvers his brother, who was 
the truest friend that ever man had ' ' ? 

Sir Charles Danvers was beheaded in 1601 for taking part in the rising 
of the Earl of Essex — in which his friend the Earl of Southampton was 
involved. Sir John Danvers was one of those who condemned Charles 
I. to be executed in 1649. Thus we have in a few lines several leading 
pointers on the Independent movement in England and of its spread 
through the Virginia Company courts into the Colony, as well as the cap- 
ital reasons for secrecy, and the way by which some of the records were 
privately preserved. 

P. 2ir. He thus regards Purchase etc. — Of course the Rev. Samuel 
Purchas was of the Court party. He was chaplain to Archbishop Abbot, 
who in royal precedence came next after the Sovereign's family, and 
who sat at the head of the Privy Council when it was trying the Virginia 
Charter Cases. The ideas of civil and religious liberty which the Inde- 
pendent party proposed planting in America were as objectionable to the 
officials of the Church of England as they were to the officers of State, 
and the first publications in opposition to the independent purposes of 
the company were printed on The University Press at Oxford in 161 2, 
when John Bridges, the defender of the government, established in the 
Church of England and the opponent of Calvinism was Bishop of Oxford. 

P. 211, etc., etc. The personal attacks on me and the effort to make 
it appear that I am moved by "an intense hatred of Smith" etc., etc., 


admit of no defense. They are merely desperate subterfuges resorted 
to by the advocates of Smith's history to aid them in their effort to per- 
petuate that historic wrong. My motives in this matter are not to be so 
misrepresented. A reference to my books will show that I have written 
entirely in the interest of patriotism and of the truth or history, in vin- 
dication of our legitimate origin as a nation and in appeal for justice to 
our founders — and that my reason for opposing Smith's history is be- 
cause it stands, as its sponsors intended that it should stand, in direct 
opposition to each one of. these patriotic objects. A sense of justice, 
and not "an intense hatred of Smith," requires one to take the issue 
with him, which I do in the preface and text of my book. Such attacks 
on me by a Virginian are especially inexcusable. My motive is mani- 
fest, and evidently no one can injure me in this matter without hindering 
my effort to correct, in the interest of old Virginia's earliest history, an 
undoubted historic wrong. 

P. 212. " Seemingly because Smith" etc., etc. I state that negroes 
were brought by "the Treasurer," because the records so state. I do 
not know what Rolfe wrote; I only know what Smith says he wrote; but 
the Earl of Warwick and Rolfe were friends, and it is natural for one 
friend to shield another. Of course, party influence existed then, as it 
does now. Smith's history of the Bermudas shields Warwick and But- 
ler, and his history of Virginia shields Warwick and Argall, while it is 
unfriendly to Yeardley, who inaugurated the popular form of govern- 
ment in the present United States. If a "history" had failed to con- 
form to the purposes and opinions of the Court Party in 1624, it would 
not have been licensed for publication, and party as well as personal 
influence is just as evident throughout Smith's history as it would be in 
an account of a Democratic administration written by a partisan Repub- 
lican to-day. In less than a generation after 1624, the same party lines 
were opposing each other in a great civil war. 

Pp. 213, 214. hi re Percy's letter and " Relacyon." In Vol. I of this 
magazine, on pp. 473-476, Mr. Henry undertakes to show that Percy 
did not denounce Smith's History of Virginia. In order to refute my 
logic he gives "three premises" (neither of which ever occurred \.ome} 
and then he answered his logic and his premises to suit himself. The 
fact is that I said Percy referred to Smith because he did so distinctly by 
name in the " Relacyon " which is not " mutilated " as Mr. Neill thought 
it was. It is complete and the statements which Mr. Henry says I "put 
into the mouth of Percy " are taken therefrom as a reference to my note 
at the end of the extracts on page 96, of "The First Republic" will 
show. See, also, Index under Evidences. 

P. 215. "We find that on 15th Janr., 1625, Governor Wyatt" etc. 
The correct date of this letter is 15th June not January, and as my work 
virtually ended in March, 1625, of course, I did not give this personal 
matter; but a reference of the same character is given from the letter of 


December 12, 1624. I have avoided such personal contentions as had 
no historic consequence; I have not thought it necessary to air the 
attacks on those who stood by Virginia in her real time of need, whether 
they were made by Smith, by other members of the royal party, by op- 
ponents in the company, or by other antagonists, personal or political; 
but farther than this I have " concealed " nothing from my readers. So 
far as possible in a single volume, I have tried to give every item which 
seemed to me to be fairly correct and to have a real historic value in the 
premises whether it agreed with my desires or not. 

P. 216. " It appears by this that Hamor had a poor opinion of Rat- 
cliff e as a man." Hamor's reference was not to Ratcliffe at all, but to 
Powhatan's dishonorable treachery in betraying Ratcliffe. There is evi- 
dently so much tomfoolery in the accounts of Smith's pow-wowing with 
and " overmatching " the Indians that they are deserving of little or no 
consideration. On the other hand, Percy and Spelman both say that 
Smith conspired with the " wiley " Indians against Capt. Francis West at 
"The Falls " in 1609. 

P. 21S. " The honor of these services" etc. If I am the first Vir- 
ginian to "blight" Smith's vainglorious, unjust story, it is a very severe 
commentary on our earliest history as it has been written. The matter 
admits of no question, for although I may not actually know what 
Smith's services were in Virginia, I do know that the summary of them 
given by Mr. Henry (like the summaries given by Smith himself), is not 
true. And I do know the character of what he published in his books 
about himself, about our forefathers, our founders, and the motives 
which inspired them. The favorable accounts of his services depend on 
the same evidences on which the traduction of others depend, and no 
one can contend for the exaggerated claims and pretentions of Smith 
without endorsing the unjust and untrue ideas conveyed by his word in 
his works. It is not possible to make a personal reflection of the matter. 
The acceptation of Smith's word cannot effect me personally one parti- 
cle ; but it does effect the character and motives of our founders, and 
therefore it is the duty of every " historian of the colony while under the 
company" to protest against it. His history is unjust to the planters in 
Virginia and adventurers in England ; it conveys an incorrect and un- 
patriotic idea of our foundation ; its personality is objectionable, the 
inspiring principle is lacking, and its acceptation has resulted in making 
our national origin a source of mortification rather than of pride. 

I believe that we should learn to honor our ancestors and our founders, 
to defend them from their adversaries, to cherish their memories, to ap- 
preciate their virtues, their abilities and the grand principles which in- 
spired them. I have shown as well as I could who our ancestors and 
our founders were — their high character, their real ability, their grand 
patriotic, religious, and commercial motives — as well as the autocratic 
political opposition of their adversaries. And while my sympathies were 


naturally with the patriotic party, I have tried to be just to all parties. I 
have given from the records for the first time an account of the first re- 
public in America, which was the genesis of the United States. And I 
have been most severely attacked where I should have been most espe- 
cially thanked. 

P. 2 1 8. " \l e have very good evidence that Smith 's claim teas allozved, ' ' 
etc. The evidence given is not good, because it was not Captain John 
Smith who was speaking in the Virginia Court on February 4, 1623, as 
Mr. Neill supposed; but Mr. John Smith of Nibley, who was referring to 
his plantation at Berkelev in Virginia. There is good evidence that Cap- 
tain Smith's claim was not allowed, and also that it was not a true claim. 
Mr. Neill got these two John Smiths badly mixed. Captain John Smith 
had no voice in the Council, or courts of the Virginia Company — Mr. 
John Smith of Nibley (the historian of the Berkeleys) had, both as mem- 
ber of that Council and as a land owner in Virginia. 

P. 220. "Dr. Bro'cun supposes about eighty," etc. Smith's Oxford 
Tract, and Purchas, say that " 100 old soldiers" were surviving at this 
time. Smith's history increases the number to " two hundred," but this 
book is not reliable. Other evidences show that 211 had died in Vir- 
ginia or returned to England. The number which had been sent over 
is variously given— if only 275 were sent then only 64 remained; if 295 
(as I think), then 84, and if 320 then 109 remained. Henry Spelman, the 
son of Sir Henry Spelman the historian, says there were "about 80," 
and I suppose that number about correct. See "The First Republic," 
pp. 71, 143, etc. 

Sometimes, when so stated, my estimates are only approximately cor- 
rect; but I have not actually " misstated the condition of the Colony" (p. 
219), as Mr. Henry says I have done, at anytime. I have based my 
statements on reliable records, and not as he has done on evidences 
published for the especial purpose of misstating the facts in these very 

P. 220. It is a mistake to regard Jamestown as the only "sickly 
place." It is a mistake to think that the climate could be controlled by 
man — by the writings of Smith or the acts of the managers. I gave the 
correct cause of "the sickness." The climate of uncultivated Virginia 
was probably not as agreeable to English constitutions then as that of 
cultivated Cuba is now; while medical and other means of correcting 
its effects were far more defective then than now. It is a mistake to 
regard the emigrants as "lazy;" the richer the river bottoms and the 
more industriously they were turned up in cultivation, the more apt they 
were to breed malaria. 

P. 222. " Governed by a Corporation " etc. The Virginia Company 
was composed of planters in Virginia as well as of adventurers in Eng- 
land. At first the adventurers were properly in control, because the 
enterprise was then dependent upon them; but in the natural order of 


things the planters would finally become the majority, and the authority 
would pass into their hands. Nothing could be clearer than that Provi- 
dence shaped the destiny of this nation from the first. "Corporations " 
had been formed under the planters, and a liberal government had been 
instituted in Virginia before the company was dissolved. It is true that 
commissioners took the place of the Virginia courts in England; but the 
plant continued to grow, true to its seed, in Virginia, and when the 
planters became strong enough they threw off the royal yoke, and 
secured the true fruit of our foundation. 

P. 222. Smith's attack on " the mismanagement and selfish motives of 
the London Council" is on a par with Ingersoll's attack on "The Mis- 
takes of Moses." Mere adventurers when catering to, and backed by, 
officials of church and State inspired by a desire to uphold the purposes 
of a King, or of a great political party, can safely eulogize themselves 
and criticise the greatest business men and statemen who are advancing 
the most liberal objects against the protests of a crown; but such criti- 
cism is not history. 

Every great movement has had, and still has, its contemporary critics, 
and the managers of the Virginia Company had them from the first — 
Men whom they said " lie at home and doe gladly take all occasions to 
cheere themselves with the prevention of happy successe in any action of 
publicke good, disgracing both the actions and actors of such honour- 
able enterprises as whereof they neither know nor understand the true 
interests and honest ends." And the opposition of such men continued 
until it resulted in the determination of James I. to annul the independ- 
ent privileges of the Company charters and to put a stop to " the - true 
interests and honest ends" of the managers, which, however, under 
Providence he failed to accomplish, because our destiny was in the 
hands of God. What really caused the temporary " downfall " of the 
company was " the popularness " of its government — the opposition of 
King and Court to the popular charter rights which were the seed of the 

Pp. 212-222. It is not necessary for me to go into a detailed defense 
of our founders, as I have said enough in my books, on this point, to 
satisfy all who will take the right view of the subject. 

There were party controversies within and without the Virginia Com- 
pany, as well as many personal differences of opinion, and there were 
evidences of all sorts ; but the chief issue involved in our earliest history 
was between the two great contemporary political parties — the old advo- 
cates of the royal monarchy and the young advocates of a more free 

There is always evidence for each side in every controversy. In this 
instance, however, it is especially difficult to correct the historic wrong, 
not only because the evidence for the royal side was published while the 
most important of that for the patriots was suppressed, and so much of 


the record was for so long unavailable ; but also, because for 70 years 
after the press was controlled by the Crown, and for 150 years, while we 
were under the monarchy, it was loyal for our historians to take the 
royal view. And although our patriotic forefathers (soldiers, statesmen, 
etc. ) dissolved the political bands which had connected them with the 
Crown of Great Britain, and thus revolutionized the loyal standpoint, 
over 120 years ago, many of our historians have not yet declared their 
independence from the Crown histories as loyalty to the Republic has 
required them to do. 

The Christian historian does not judge the reformers of his religion 
and the martyrs of his church on the evidences of those who burnt them 
at the stake. Our loyal historians do not rely upon the royal evidences 
which assert that Benedict Arnold was a hero, Patrick Henry, Jr., an 
agitator, George Washington a traitor, and that our revolutionary fore- 
fathers were a beggarly array of lazy, unworthy men. Why should our 
historians continue to condemn the reformers of our government, the 
founders of. our country, the martyrs of our genesis, on the evidences of 
their opponents who imprisoned, banished and traduced them ? 

If our historians wish to be just and loyal to the real founders of this 
nation (to those who gave their lives to old Virginia — whose bodies 
rested on the bosom of the old Commonwealth — whose dust makes her 
soil sacred, for they first sang the Song of Liberty and unfurled the Ban- 
ner of Freedom in the New World), they will have to take the view of 
the Independent party of patriots who laid the firm foundation of the 
new nation in the new world, upon which it has grown to be the greatest 
nation in the whole world. 

P. 222. "As a historian he is a lamentable failure" If my effort to 
correct a great historic wrong does not result in "a lamentable failure," 
it will not be the fault of "a historian." In his effort to sustain Smith's 
history, Mr. Henry not only uses the history itself, and the other evi- 
dences of the Royalists, against our patriotic founders, but he takes 
advantage of the dissensions in the Company and Colony, and uses the 
partisan papers of the one party against the other as vigorously as if he 
were really the King's counsellor making a special plea to sustain, to 
justify and to perpetuate the verdict of the Royal Commissioners, Coun- 
cil, Courts and historians. His "review" has an especial value, how- 
ever, because it shows how often the evidence on which Mr. Henry 
relies is at fault, and because it conveys a fairly correct outline of the 
unjust idea of our founders and national origin as given in the licensed 
histories, and shows very clearly that it was my duty as a loyal Virginian 
to take the issues with Smith which I have taken. 

The canons of the Court party are compactly expressed in the verdict 
of the King's Commissioners: "That the plantations ought to have 
continued to be prosecuted to the ends for which they were first under- 
taken, and to that purpose. [That is, there ought to have been no altera- 


tion in the charter rights, form of government, etc.] That ifHis Majesty's 
first charter of 1606, and His Majesty's most prudent and princely form 
of government (of November, 1606), had been pursued much better ef- 
fects had been produced than had been by the alteration thereof into 
so popular a course," etc. (see "The First Republic," pp. 541, 542.) 
And the histories (that secured license) had to conform in all important 
particulars to the canons of the Court and purposes of the Crown. Thus 
it came to pass that an adverse criticism of the plan of our foundation 
has been forced on the public as the standard authority on our origin as 
a Nation. But the records then concealed show that the colony did 
not prosper under "His Majesty-'s most prudent and princely form of 
government," and that the " so popular a course " was the germ of this 

It is evident from Mr. Henry's manner of treating this historic ques- 
tion, that he would like to have the same absolute power which James I. 
had to enable him to enforce the same monarchical dogmas; but, for- 
tunately he can only resort to personal, special and sectional pleadings, 
for the seed which even the King could not destroy has borne fruit, and 
we are no longer obliged by loyalty nor law to rely upon the histories 
adopted by the Star Chamber of James I. We cannot be imprisoned nor 
banished for advocating the patriotic ideas of our real founders, nor for 
writing the true history of our national foundation. Our offices cannot 
be searched, our papers taken, our records suppressed, our histories cen- 
sored, nor our books burnt under the edicts of a King. And no one 
who wishes to have an account of our origin as a Nation, written from 
the records, can be legally prevented from gratifying that wish. 

I hope that the members of "The Virginia Historical Society" will 
read my books carefully and decide the questions at issue according to 
their own unbiased judgment. 

Alexander Brown. 



Since October ist, 1S98 — A Partial List. 

It was intended that several of the books here noticed would be re- 
viewed at greater or less length in this number of the Magazine ; but as 
the review space is occupied by a contribution which required immediate 
publication, these reviews have to be postponed to the April number. 

Life and Administration of Sir Robert Eden. Johns-Hopkins Studies, 
1898. By B. C. Sterner. 

Register of Bristol Parish, Va. Edited by Churchill G. Chamber- 

The Willis Family of Virginia. Richmond, 1898. Presented by Byrd 
Charles Willis, Richmond, Va. 

Genealogy of the Hord Family. By Rev. Arnold H. Hord. Phil- 
adelphia, 1898. Presented by the author. 

Memorials of the Reading, Howell, Yerkes, Watts, Latham, and Elk- 
ins Families. By J. Granville Leach, L. L. B. Philadelphia, 1898. 
Presented by the author. 

The History of the Blair, Banister, and Braxton Families Before and 
After .the Revolution, with a Brief Sketch of their Descendants. By 
Frederick Horner, M. D., U. S. N. Philadelphia, 1898. Presented by 
the author. 

The Religious Element in the Settlement of Jamestown, in 1607. By 
R.S.Thomas. Smithfield, Va., 189S. Presented by the author. 

Memoire d'une Famille Huguenote, par Jacques Fontaine. Toulouse 
Societe des Livres Religieux, 1887. 

The American Catholic Historical Researches. October, 1898. Phil- 

The Creoles of New Orleans. By Launcelot M. Harris. 

American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal. Chicago, 1898. 

Rhode Island Historical Society Publications, October, 1S98. 

Essex Institute Bulletin, March, July, December, 1898. Salem, Mass. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. Worcester, Mass., 

Canadian Archives, Ottawa, 1898. 

A Genealogical Statement. By Captain C. T. Allen. Mexico, Mo. 

The Magna Charter Barons and their Descendants in America. By 
C. H. Brunning. Philadelphia, 1898. Presented by the author. 

The German Element in Virginia, nth and 12th Annual Reports of 


the Society for the History of the Germans in Maryland. Baltimore, 
1898. By Herman Schuricht. Presented by the Society. 

Putnam's Historical Magazine, July-August, September-October, 1898. 

William and Mary Quarterly, October, 1898. 

Publications of the Hugenot Society of London. Vol. XL Lyming- 
ton, 1898. 

The Protestant Episcopal Review, October, 1898. 

Collections and Proceedings Maine Historical Society, October, 1898. 

Collections of the Historical Society of South Carolina. Volume 5. 

Iowa Historical Record, 1898. 

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. Joseph Jackson Howard. 

East Anglia Notes and Queries, 1898. Cambridge, England. 

Somerset and Dorsett Notes and Queries. Vol. VII, part 43. Sep- 
tember, 1898. 

Fenland Notes and Queries. Edited by Rev. W. D. Sweeting, M. 
A., Vicar of Maxey, Northampton, England. 
There is frequently matter of interest and value to Americans in the 
English genealogical and antiquarian publications noted above Special 
attention will be given to some of these at an early period. 

The American Historical Review, Vol. IV, No. 1, October, 1S98. 
New York. The Macmillan Company. 
The leading, and quite the most practical and timely, contribution to 
this number of above quarterly is by Professor Albert Bushnell Hart, of 
Harvard University, on "The Historical Opportunity in America." 
This article should be read by every officer and director of every His- 
torical Society in this country. The second and concluding part of Sid- 
ney B. Fay's paper on "The Execution of the Due d'Enghien; " Henry 
Harrisse on "The Outcome of the Cabot Quarter-Centenary; " George 
Lockhart Rives on "Spain and the United States in 1795;" LeverettW. 
Spring on " The Career of a Kansas Politician," who was General James 
H. Lane — these, with twenty-eight pages of "Documents," among 
which the letters of Pinckney to Jefferson are of special interest, sixty- 
seven pages of "Book Reviews" and seventeen pages of historical 
" Notes and News," make up the contents of this number. It may be 
hoped that the proposition for the adoption of this Review by the Amer- 
ican Historical Association will have favorable action at the Annual 
Meeting in New Haven. 



Virginia Historical Society 



Society's Building, December 20th, 1898 






Virginia Historical Society 

Annual Meeting held December 2oth, i8g8. 

The annual meeting of the Virginia Historical Society was 
held in the Society's Building, Tuesday evening, December 20, 
at 8:30 P. M. 

In the absence of President Bryan, Mr. Virginius Newton, 
one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society, presided, and read 


To the Members of the Virginia Historical Society : 

The Executive Committee of your Society has the honor to 
submit the following as their annual report for the past year : 

The new members which have been elected since the last 
report .have been one hundred and fourteen as against ninety- 
three for the preceding year. But the losses by death and resig- 
nation, including some who died before the last annual report 
and were not included in that report, make our membership now 
seven hundred and five. 

The Treasurer's report for the year ending November 12, 
1898, is as follows : 



By balance on hand November 6, 1898 $ 226 83 

Dues 3,01067 

Magazine 201 17 

Books 10335 

Life Membership 50 00 

A. P. V. A. Gifts 100 00 

Interest 99 60 

Advertising 98 50 

5,890 12 




Extra Services . . . 





General Expenses. 

Balance in Bank . 

$ 331 


' 1,618 62 



















We have met all expenses and carried forward a balance very 
nearly equal to that of last year. The permanent fund is now 
$2,300 in cash in the State Bank of Virginia, and $100 of Vir- 
ginia State three per cent, bonds. 

Additions to Library. 

Four hundred and ninety-six pamphlets and books were added 
to our library during the year 1898. Among these the following 
were gifts : 

"History of Burning of Richmond Theatre," presented by 
Dr. G. A. Taber. 

" Collins' Life of Clay," 3 vols., presented by G. W. Ranck, 
of Lexington, Ky. 

"Laws of Virginia, 1833," captured at Battle of Fredericks- 


burg and sent back by Mr. H. E. Deals, who obtained it from 
Library of Harmony, N. J. 

" Bernal Diaz," History of Mexico, Lexington Edition, pre- 
sented by W. H. Parker. 

" Balch's Letters and Papers, relating to the Pioneer History 
of Pennsylvania," by Mr. Edward Balch, of Philadelphia. 

" Life of Carroll," presented by the author, Miss Kate Mac- 
son Rowland. 

American Almanac, 1859, presented by N. V. Vance. 

Gov. Garrard and his Descendants, by Mrs. Anna R. De 

"Willis Family of Virginia," presented by Byrd Charles 

" Hord Genealogy," by Rev. A. H. Hord. 

" Memorials of the Reading, Howell, Yerkes, Watts, Latham, 
and Elkins Families," by Josiah Granville Leech, of Phila- 

' ' The Religious Element in the Settlement of Jamestown in 
1607," by R. S. Thomas. 

"History of the Blair, Bannister, and Braxton Families," by 
Fred. C. Horner, M. D., U. S. A. 

" Memoires d'une Famille Huguenote," par Jacques Fontaine. 

"The Order Book of Charles City Co., 1858-62," given by 
Barnwell Rhett Heyward, of Albany, N. Y. 

" The Magna Charta Barons and their Descendants," pre- 
sented by the author, C. H. Browning, of Philadelphia. 

" Decennial Register of the Pennsylvania Society of Sons of 
the Revolution, 1888-98," presented by the Society. 


The following portraits were presented in 1898 : 

Photographs of the Mosely Family, given by Mr. Henry Cor- 
nick, of Norfolk. Some of these are of personswho antedate 
the settlement of Virginia. 

Copy of Portrait of Washington in Phillipie collection, gift of 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. 


Water Color Portrait of Dr. W. P. Palmer, presented by Mrs. 
George Ben Johnston. 

Engraving of Judge Upshur, presented by Beverly T. Crump. 

Photograph of the "Sabine Hall," portrait of King Carter, 
presented by P. P. Carter. 

Photograph of portrait of "Nicholas Ferrer," presented by 
Mrs. Isabella H. Farrer, of St. Louis, who also gave a copy of 
the brass tablet on his tomb. 

Engraved portraits of Secretary Claiborne and John Herbert 
Claiborne ; also, photograph of old Chapel at Cleburne, West- 
moreland, the burial place of the Claibornes, presented by Dr. 
J. H. Claiborne, of New York. 


The following manuscripts were presented in 1898 : 

Deed signed by Gov. Nicholson, given by Mr. E. C. Mayo. 

" The Carrington Commissions," loaned by Cullen Carring- 
ton, Esq. 

Record begun June 18, 1863: — December 10, 1863, given by 
N. V. Vance. 

An unpublished Manuscript, entitled William Gilmore Sims, a 
review critique, by John Esten Cooke, presented by Orville J. 
Victor, of New York. 

Loan from Mrs. Dr. Lewis Minor, Norfolk, with permission 
to copy, the Will and Inventory of Robert (King) Carter, and 
of several of his letter books, containing a large number of let- 

Annual Address. 

The Society has been fortunate enough to enlist the interest of 
the Honorable William L. Wilson, President of Washington and 
Lee University, so far as that our annual address will be delivered 
by him at some day in the future convenient to Mr. Wilson, of 
which due notice will be given. 

The regret which was generally felt at the absence of Colonel 
William Preston Johnson last year, makes the expectation of 
Mr. Wilson's presence with us the more gratifying. 


The character of the Magazine has been well maintained, and 
due to the labors of our Corresponding Secretary and the Com- 
mittee on Publication, who have given much time and attention 
to the selection of material for the Magazine. We incorporate 
their report to the Executive Committee of their proposed pub- 
lications during the coming year, as the best statement of what 
the readers of the Magazine may expect. They say : 

The Publication Committee appreciates the fact that during 
the past five years the best work of this Society, and what has 
gained for our Magazine its present high reputation, has been 
the printing of unpublished documents relating to the history of 
Virginia. The frequent use which has been made of our pages 
by recent historical and biographical writers, especially in the 
instance of Mr. Fiske's very valuable " Old Virginia and her 
Neighbors," is the best commentary on the work which has been 
done, and its highest compliment. The Committee intends 
during the coming year to use every effort to sustain the char- 
acter which has been gained by this class of work, and even, 
when possible, to improve on it, by careful selection, editing and 
printing. In the future, as in the past, printing unpublished 
documents shall be the chief object of those who direct the Mag- 

The Committee has adopted the following plan for publica- 
tion during 1898-9 : Without making any iron-bound, or in- 
variable rule, it is intended in general to publish two series of 
documents covering different periods, so that the interest of the 
Magazine may be as diversified as possible. One series will 
comprise the early portion of the 17th century, beginning in 
1617 (for practically all valuable documents of an earlier period 
have been already published in various historical works, or in 
our Magazine), and the second series will begin in 1700. Very 
few documents relating to this latter period — the early part of 
the 18th century — are in print, or at all generally accessible, and 
this portion of our publication will, it is believed, be of special 
interest, as the period was one of rapid growth in population and 


The documents to be used in these two series will be either 
copies in full from what are known as the McDonald, Dejarnett, 
and Windsor copies from the British Public Record Office — now 
in the Virginia State Library — or the admirable series of very- 
full abstracts, by the late W. N. Sainsbury, from the same collec- 
tion of records, which are also in the State Library. These 
documents consist of letters from governors, councils, secretaries 
of State, and other officers in Virginia, to the English govern- 
ment ; addresses of assemblies, and other papers eminating from 
the Colony ; and accounts of the proceedings of the various 
branches of the English government relating to Virginia; letters 
to governors, commissions, instructions, etc. 

In addition to the above, use will be made of unpublished 
papers remaining in the Virginia Archives, also relating to the 
early 18th Century. Among these are several letters from Col- 
onel Blakiston, resident agent for Virginia in England; a paper 
in relation to Virginia volunteers who went to the assistance of 
North Carolina in 1715 ; several statements in regard to Negro 
plots; papers showing the manner of rendition of criminals be- 
tween the colonies; a letter from Richard Lee, in 1701, relating 
to the establishment of a post between Virginia and Maryland; 
a number of depositions relating to the burning of William and 
Mary College in 1705, and other letters and papers throwing 
light on the history of the Colony and people of Virginia. 

Among the miscellaneous documents which will be used in 
whole or in part during the year, are journals of the Council sit- 
ting as upper house of Assembly, which are of great interest as 
showing (in the absence of the journals of the Burgesses), the 
independence of feeling and action among the representatives of 
the people; a complete journal of the House of Burgesses, 1685; 
a number of letters of Robert (" King ") Carter; of members of 
the Baylor family; and (it is hoped), several letters of the sec- 
ond Colonel William Byrd; and also several unpublished letters 
of Washington and Jefferson; several letters of Rochambeau, 
and a contemporary English translation of the capitulation 
granted Washington at Fort Necessity in 1754. It was in this 


capitulation that the French charged that Washington confessed 
the "murder" of a French officer. The Ludwell, Lee, Adams, 
Randolph, Robinson, and Massie manuscripts in our collection, 
will also be drawn upon as heretofore. Among the miscellaneous 
papers which may be used during the coming year, is a refer- 
ence list of all obituaries and death notices in the Richmond 
newspapers from 1782 to 1825, now in the State Library. This 
list was compiled some time ago by the present editor of the 

It is also intended that the history of the Revolution and of 
the Virginia troops in that war shall receive due attention, and 
a number of unpublished muster rolls are now on hand. There 
is no complete roster of the regular troops of Virginia in the 
Revolution, but from the records in the Land Office; volumes of 
pay-rolls now in the State Library; the printed reports of John 
Hill Smith, Commissioner, to the Virginia Legislature; and the 
works of Heitman and Saffell, a fairly full list can be obtained. 
In regard to the Virginia militia, however, there remains but 
little information, and as the militia was frequently, and in con- 
siderable force, in service, great injustice has been done by the 
lack of information concerning this class of troops. The North- 
ern States include militia in the statement of their quotas, and in 
this way claim to have furnished more men than Virginia. There 
is in the State Library a manuscript book, of moderate size, la- 
beled " Militia," and containing accounts of payments for mili- 
tia services during the first two or three years of the war. These 
give the names of several hundred officers, and most frequently 
state the county they were from. It is the intention of the Com- 
mittee to commence the publication of this book in the Magazine 
at once. Besides their historic value, these records will be of 
great use to persons desiring to become members of the various 
Revolutionary societies. 

It is furthermore intended to make the Magazine during the 
coming year, of greater interest than ever to the students of ge- 
nealogy; and especially shall the department of genealogical 
notes and queries receive careful attention. While it is impos- 


sible, and is not desirable, to mark out a list of genealogies for 
the whole year, yet a number of greater or less extent have been 
determined upon. The Baylor and Parker genealogies will be 
concluded, and accounts of the families of Fitzhugh, Skipwith, 
Spotswood, Payne of Goochland, Withers, Hopkins, Washing- 
ton of Southampton, Talbott of Bedford, Johnson of Louisa, 
Wise, Savage, Pryor, etc., will be given. As materials for ge- 
nealogy, as well as illustrating social and economic history, the 
publication of copies and abstracts of old wills will be continued; 
and as material for genealogy and biography, there will be pub- 
lished a full list of the marriage bonds of Amelia county, and 
partial lists of those of Richmond, King George, Fauquier, 
Goochland, Brunswick, Cumberland, Chesterfield and Lunen- 
burg counties, and also legthy extracts from the parish registers 
of St. Paul's, Stafford (now King George); Farnham, Rich- 
mond county; and St. Stephen's, in Northumberland— none of 
which are in the collection at the Episcopal Theological Semi- 

The fact that the Society has in past years printed in the Mag- 
azine, historical documents of an early date, has rendered it a 
matter of course that the scene of events treated of should be 
chiefly in Eastern Virginia. It is the earnest desire of the Com- 
mittee, that in the future, without in any way abandoning the 
policy of publication which has been pursued, more attention 
shall be paid to the history of the Western portion of the State, 
and that of the Scotch-Irish and German elements, which so 
largely composed its population. We solicit additions of any 
sort to our manuscript collections, which will furnish information 
on these subjects, and from which selections may be made for 

The department of book reviews will also receive careful at- 

The Committee desires to express its obligations to the Hon. 
J. T. Lawless, Secretary of the Commonwealth; and to Mr. W. 
W. Scott, State Librarian, for permission to publish documents, 
and for courtesies received. 

proceedings. xi 

Records of the Virginia Company. 

In our last report we stated that the .State had completed the 
copying of the minutes of the London Company, now in the 
possession of the Society, and that Mr. John Russell Young, 
Librarian of the Congressional Library in Washington, had con- 
sented that this copy should be collated with the Collingwood 
Manuscript in the Congressional Library, at their expense. Our 
copy was sent to Washington for collation, but to our great re- 
gret we received a letter from Dr. Friedenwald, who is in charge 
of the Department of Manuscripts, stating that he had spent as 
much as an hour and a half attempting to collate one page of 
the records but found so many variations that it would be cheaper 
to have an entirely new transcript of the Congressional copy 
made than to attempt to collate the old, and that to his surprise 
he found that the copy sent by the State of Virginia was evidently 
from a different manuscript. 

This is remarkable in as much as our copy like that in Wash- 
ington extends from April 28, 1619 to June 7, 1624. As to the 
history of our copy, we know nothing except that it was found 
in the library of John Randolph of Roanoke by his Executor, 
Judge William Leigh who deposited it with Conway Robinson, 
Esq., Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Virginia His- 
torical Society, whose executors delivered it to us some years 
after Mr. Robinson's death. 

This is a striking instance of the errors which may crop into 
successive copies of the same manuscript and is certainly a warn- 
ing against giving implicit faith to the accuracy of what purports 
to be a copy. 

Among those who were lost to the Society by death during 
past year were : Col. Thomas H. Ellis, a Virginian devoted to 
her history and traditions, and Mr. E. M. Burwell, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., both of whom were life members. Col. John B. Cary, 
Dr. F. T. Willis, and James W. Allison, all of Richmond ; R. 
G. H. Keen, of Lynchburg ; Dr. J. D. Moncure, of Williams- 
burg ; Hon. R. T. W. Duke, of Charlottesville ; Judge B. T. 
Gunter, of Accomac ; Henry W. Hobson, of Denver, Col.; Dr. 


R. C. M. Page, of New York ; and the Right Rev. J. H. D. 
Wingfield, of California. 

Change of Secretaries. 

At the meeting of the Executive Committee in September the 
resignation of Mr. Philip A. Bruce, who for six years has been 
the Corresponding Secretary of this Society and editor of its 
Magazine, was tendered and accepted. Mr. Bruce's plan of 
literary work involved his going to Europe for a protracted stay, 
and the Society was compelled to lose his valuable services. 
Having been the editor of the Magazine since its revival, such 
measure of success as it has achieved has been due to his ability 
and energy, qualities which he has exemplified in works which 
have obtained the approval of scholars and historians throughout 
the land. 

The Society was fortunate in securing in Mr. Bruce's place the 
services of Mr. 'W. G. Stanard, who has devoted much time to 
the study of Virginia history and its antiquities, and who has 
been zealous and successful in the promotion of the Society's 
interest in the brief time in vhich he has discharged the duties 
of Corresponding Secretary. We doubt not from what has 
already been said in this report that the excellent character of 
the magazine will be maintained and that the affairs of the Society 
will be diligently guarded. 

Joseph Bryan, 

December 20th, i8g8. President. 

The report was on motion received. 

Election of Officers. 

The next business was the election of officers for the ensuing 
year, and on motion of Mr. E. P. Valentine, the chairman was 
directed to appoint a committee of three to present nominations. 

The committee consisting of Messrs. E. P. Valentine, Frank 
P. Brent and Rev. Wm. Meade Clarke, reported the following 
nominations : 


President — Joseph Bryan. 

Vice-Presidents — J. L. M. Curry, Washington, D. C. ; Archer 
Anderson and Virginius Newton, Richmond, Va. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian — William G. Stanard, 
Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary — R. L. Traylor, Richmond, Va. 

Treasurer — Robert T. Brooke, Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee — Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. ; E. 
V. Valentine, C. V. Meredith, Barton H. Wise, B. B. Munford, 
R. H. Gaines, W. H. Palmer, D. C. Richardson, Richmond, 
Va.; E. W. James, Norfolk, Va. ; Charles W. Kent, University 
of Virginia; E. C. Venable, Petersburg, Va. ; Armistead C. 
Gordon, Staunton, Va. 

The gentlemen nominated were elected unanimously. 

Mr. J. S. More offered a motion, which was adopted, directing 
the Executive committee to inquire into the practicability of print- 
ing a catalogue of the books and pamphlets in the possession of 
the Society. 

Then, on motion, the meeting adjourned. 


Virginia Historical Society, 

JANUARY, 189! 

Joseph Bryan, Richmond, Virginia. 

/ 'ice- Presidents. 

J. L. M. Curry, Washington, D. C. 
Archer Anderson, Richmond, Va. 
Virginius Newton, Richmond, Va. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian. 
William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary. 
Robert L. Traylor, Richmond, Va. 

Robert T. Brooke, Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee. 

Lyon G.Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. R. H. Gaines, Richmond, Va. 

E. V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 

C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. Edward W. James, Norfolk, Va. 

Barton H. Wise, Richmond, Va. D. C. Richardson, Richmond,Va. 

A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. Chas. W. Kent, University of Va. 

B. B. Munford, Richmond, Va. E. C. Venable, Petersburg, Va. 

and, ex-officio, the President, Vice-President, Secretaries, 
and Treasurer. 



Arber, Prof. Edward, Birmingham, En£ 

Brown, Alexander, Norwood, Va. 
Gilbert, Hon. J. W., New York, N. Y. 

Keane, Prof. A. H , London, England. 
Spoffard, Hon. A. R., Washington, D. C. 
Stewart, Mrs. John, Brook Hill, Va. 
Whitsitt, Rev. W. H., D. D., Louisville, 

Jones, Rev. John Wm., D. D., Univ. of Va. Kentucky. 


Adams, F. G., Topeka, Kansas. 
Atrill, Chas. H., London, Eng'd. 
Bacon, H. F , Bury St. Edmund, Eng'd. 
Banks, Chas. E , M. D., Chelsea, Mass. 
Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 
Campeau, Hon., F. R. E., Ottawa, Canada. 
Carrington, Gen. H B , New York, N. Y. 
Champlin, J. D., Jr., New York, N. Y. 
Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa. 
Dean, John Ward, Boston, Mass. 
Darling. Gen. C. W. Utica, N Y. 
Drake, Col. S. A., Kennebunkport, Me. 
Egle, Wm. H., M. D., Harrisburg, Pa. 
Fernow, Berthold, Washington, D. C. 
Graham, A. A., Columbus, O. 

Green, Hon. S. A., M. D , Boston, Mass. 
Hart, Chas. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hayden, Rev. H. E , Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Hinsdale, Prof. B. A., Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Hoadly, Hon. C J., Hartford, Conn. 
Hoes, Rev. R. R., Washington, D. C. 
Judah, George F., Spanish Town, Jamaica. 
Lee, J. W. M., Baltimore, Md. 
Nicholson, Col. J. P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Perry, Hon. Amos, Providence, R. I. 
Peyster, Gen. J. Watts de, New York, N. Y. 
Phillimore, W. P. W , London, Eng'd. 
Rose, Josiah, London, England. 
Ross, Hon. D. A., Quebec, Canada. 
Thwing, E. P., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Wright, W. H. K., Plymouth, England. 


Adams, Wm. Newton, New York, N. Y. 

Alexander, H. M., New York, N. Y. 

Andrews, O , Baltimore, Md. 

Bain, George M. Jr., Portsmouth, Va. 

Barksdale, George A., Richmond, Va. 

Barksdale, R., M. D., Petersburg, Va. 

Beverley, Col. R., The Plains, Va. 

Bryan, Joseph, Richmond, Va. 

Byrd, George H., New York, N. Y. 

Cabell, J. Alston, Richmond, Va. 

Childers, Col. Gracey, Clarksville, Tenn. 

Conway, M D., New York, N. Y 

Clements, Mrs. Helen I , St. Louis, Mo. 

Cleburne, C. J., M. D., U. S Naval Hos- 
pital, Portsmouth, Va. 

Cottrell, James L., Richmond, Va. 

Deats, H. E , Flemington, N. J. 

Gary, J. A., Baltimore, Md. 

Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., New York, 
N. Y. 

Grafflin, John C, Baltimore, Md. 

Grandy, C. Wiley, Norfolk, Va. 

Gratz, Simon Philadelphia, Pa. 

Grigsby, H. C, Smithville, Va. 

Hassam, John T , Boston, Mass. 

Holliday, Hon. F. W. M., Winchester, Va. 
Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 
Hutchinson, Charles Hare, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Ingalls, M. E., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Jones, Wm. Ellis, Richmond, Va. 
Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lee, Edmund, J., M D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lee, General G. W. O, Burks, Va. 
Leiter, L. Z., Chicago, 111. 
Logan, General T. M., Howardsville, Va. 
Low, Hon. Seth, New York, N. Y. 
Mallory, Hon. E. S., Jackson, Tenn. 
Minor, B. B., Richmond, Va. 
McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 111. 
Price, Prof. Thos. R., Columbia Col., N. Y. 
Richardson, D. C Richmond, Va. 
Richeson, Col. Thomas, St. Louis, Mo. 
Rives, Arthur L , Newport, R. I. 
Rives, Hon. Geo. Lockhart, New York, N. Y. 
Sheppard, Wm. L., Richmond, Va. 
Stubbs, Win. C, New Orleans, La. 
Talcott. Col. T. M R., Bon Air, Va. 
Traylor, R. L., Richmond, Va. 
Van de Vyver, Rt. Rev. A , D. D., Rich- 
mond, Va. 



Walker, Major D. N., Richmond, Va. 
Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, Mass. 
Whitehead, J. B.. Norfolk, Va. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 

Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 
Winthrop, Robert C, Jr , Boston, Massachu- 


Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 
Addison E. B., Richmond, Va. 
Addison, John, Richmond, Va. 
Akers, M. L., Louisville, Ky. 
Alexander, L. D., New York, N. Y. 
Alfriend, Thomas L., Richmond, Va. 
Alger, General Russell A , Detroit, Mich. 
American Book Co., New York, N. Y. 
Anderson, Colonel Archer, Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, B. R., M. D., Colorado Springs, 

Anderson, Davis C, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, Gen. Charles J., Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, Edward L , Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Anderson, Henry W , Richmond, Va. 
Anderson, W. A., Lexington, Va. 
Armistead, Wilbur T., Richmond, Va. 
Atkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 
Atkinson, J. B., Earlington, Ky. 
Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 
Axtell, Decatur, Richmond, Va. 
Ayers, Hon. Rufus A., Big Stone Gap, Va. 

Bagby, Mrs. Parke C, Richmond, Va. 
Baker, Colonel R. H.. Norfolk, Va. 
Baker, Leander, Chicago, 111. 
Ball, Miss Anne Randolph, Cazenova, Va. 
Ballou, Hosca Starr, Brookline, Mass. 
Banta, Theodore M., New York, N. Y. 
Barret, Richard A., St. Louis, Mo. 
Barton, R. T , Winchester, Va. 
Baskervill, H. E. C, Richmond, Va. 
Battle, Prof. K. P., Chapel Hill, N. C. 
Baylor, Mrs. J. B., Halifax county, Va. 
Baylor, Col. George, Charlestown, W. Va. 
Bayne, Howard R , New York, N. Y. 
Benney, James, Pittsburg, Pa. 
Berryman, Mrs. Charlotte, St. John, N. B. 
Best, Frank E., Chicago, 111. 
Beckner, Mrs. Betsy T., Winchester, Ky. 
Bien, Joseph R., New York, N. Y. 
Blackford, Prof L. M., Alexandria, Va 
Blackford, Capt. Chas. M., Lynchburg, Va. 
Blow, Lieut. George P., U. S. N., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 
Bohannon, Dr. Thomas, Louisville, Ky. 
Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 
Boiling, Stanhope, Richmond, Va. 

Bosher, Major Robert S., Richmond, Va. 
Boykin, Colonel F. M., Richmond, Va. 
Bradford, Mrs A. E. T., Norfolk, Va. 
Branch, Major John P., Richmond, Va. 
Brent, Frank P., Accomac county, Va. 
Bridges, W. M., Richmond, Va. 
Broadhead, Prof. G. C, Columbia, Mo. 
Brodhead, Lucas, Spring Station, Ky. 
Broekett, Mrs. Albert D., Alexandria, Va. 
Brooke, Robert T., Richmond, Va. 
Broun, Major T. L., Charleston, W. Va. 
Brown, Hon. Jas. H., Charleston, W. Va. 
Brown, J. Thompson, Brierfield, Va. 
Brown, Prof. W. G, Columbia, Mo. 
Bruce, Horatio W., Louisville, Ky. 
Bruce, Philip Alexander, Richmond, Va 
Bryan, Mrs. Joseph, Richmond, Va. 
Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 
Buckner, Mrs. S. B., Rio, Ky. 
Buffington, Colonel A. R., U. S. A., Rock 

Island, 111. 
Butord, Colonel A. S., Richmond, Va. 
Buford, Commander M. B., Boston, Mass. 
Bullitt, W. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Burgis, Richard F., El Paso, Texas. 
Burruss, Mrs. Nathaniel, Norfolk, Va. 

Cabell, Rev. P B., Wilmington, Del. 
Caine, Paul, Louisville, Ky. 
California S. A. R., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Callahan, G. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Cameron, Alexander, Richmond, Va. 
Campbell, Chapt. D. A. R., Nashville.Tenn. 
Campbell, Mrs. Elma, Port Byron, N. Y. 
Cannon, G. Randolph, Richmond, Va. 
Carlisle, Calderon, Washington, D. C. 
Carne, Rev. R. L., Richmond. Va. 
Carpenter, R. Franklin, Deadwood, South 

Carter, Dr. H. R., New Orleans, La. 
Carter, John Ridgeley, American Embassy, 

Carter, Hon Bernard, Baltimore, Md. 
Carter, C. Shirley, Washington, D. C. 
Cary, Mrs. Arthur P., Dallas, Texas. 
Cary, W. M., Baltimore, Md. 
Casey, Prof. Joseph J., New York, N. Y. 
Caskie, James, Richmond, Va. 

* This list also includes subscribers to the Magazine. 



Catlin, E. A., Richmond, Va. 
Chalmers, J. F., Richmond, Va. 
Chappell, Philip E., Kansas City, Mo. 
Chastain, James B., Baltimore, Md. 
Chauncy, Mrs. Agnes, Narberth, Pa. 
Chinn, Mrs. Jennie M., Frankfort. Ky. 
Christian, Frank W , Richmond, Va. 
Christian, Judge Geo. L., Richmond, Va. 
Claiborne, Herbert A., Richmond, Va. 
Clark, Clarence H , Philadelphia, Pa. 
Clark, M. H., Clarksville, Tenn. 
Clark, Rev. W. M., Richmond, Va. 
Clarke, Arthur B., Richmond, Va. 
Clarke, P. N., Louisville, Ky. 
Clement, Lieutenant Henry, U. S. A., Fort 

Leavenworth, Kan. 
Clyde, W. P , New York, N. Y. 
Cocke, James B , Louisville, Ky. 
Cockrell, T. L , Alexandria, Va. 
Coke, Captain John A , Richmond, Va. 
Cognets, Mrs. A. R., des, Lexington, Ky. 
Coleman, Charles W., Williamsburg, Va. 
Colston, Edward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Conrad, Major Holmes, Winchester, Va. 
Constant, S. V., New York, N. Y. 
Cooke, George E., Richmond, Va. 
Corning, John Herbert, Washington, D. C. 
Cox, Mrs. L. B., Chicago, 111. 
Cox, R. L., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Crenshaw, M. Millson, Washington, D. C. 
Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 
Crocker, Major J. F., Portsmouth, Va. 
Cropper, John, Washington, D. C. 
Crump, Beverly T., Richmond, Va. 
Crump, Edward T., Richmond, Va. 
Cullingworth, J. N., Richmond, Va. 
Cullingworth, W. H., Richmond, Va. 
Cunningham, R. H., Henderson, Ky. 
Curry, Hon. J. L. M., Washington, D. C. 
Cussons, Captain John, Glen Allen, Va. 
Curtis, Mrs. H. W., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Cutshaw, Colonel W. E., Richmond, Va. 

Dabney, Prof. C. W., Jr., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H., University of Va. 
Dabney, Mrs. Thos. Todd, Richmond, Va. 
Dale, Chalmers, New York, N. Y. 
Dandridge. Miss Mary E., Cincinnati, O. 
Daniel, J. R. V., Richmond, Va. 
Darneal, Mrs. Lulie L., Alameda, Cal. 
Daughters, A. R , Washington, D. C. 
Davenport, G. A , Richmond, Va. 
Davie, Pascal, Richmond, Va. 
Davies, S D , Richmond, Va. 
Davies, W. G., New York, N. Y. 
Davis, Hon. J. C. B., Washington, D. C. 

Day, N. B., New York, N. Y. 

Denham, Edward, New Bedford, Mass. 

Dexter, Hon. Julius, Cincinnati, O. 

Dibrell, Dr. J. A., Little Rock, Ark. 

Dickerson, J. E., Asheville, N. C. 

Dickerman, G. S., New Haven, Conn. 

Dickinson, Colonel A. G., New York, N. Y. 

Diggs, Hon. J. Singleton, Lynchburg, Va. 

Dimmock, Capt. M. J., Richmond, Va. 

Dismukes, P. P.. Columbus, Ga. 

Doran, J. J , Philadelphia; Pa. 

Doremus, Mrs. C. A., New York, N. Y. 

Doyle, John A., Pendarren.Cuckhowel^Eng^ 

Drewry, Clay, Richmond, Va. 

Dudley, Rt. Rev Thomas U., D. D., Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Duke, Judge R. T.W., Jr., Charlottesville, 

Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 

Dupont, Hon. H. A., Wilmington, Del. 

Durrett, Colonel R. T , Louisville, Ky. 

Earle, Mrs. Alice Morse, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Eaton, George G., Washington, D. C. 
Edwards, G. F., Portsmouth, Va. 
Eggleston, Edward, Lake George, N. Y. 
Elkins, Hon. S B., Elkins, W. Va. 
Ellinger, William, Crisfield, Md. 
Ellyson, Hon. J. Taylor, Richmond, Va. 
Endicott, Hon. William C, Salem, Mass. 
Eppes, Miss Emily H., City Point, Va. 

Farragut, Loyall, New York, N. Y. 
Farrar, Mrs. I. J. M., St. Louis, Mo. 
Farrar, J. B., Richmond, Va. 
Fiske, Prof. John, Cambridge, Mass. 
Fitzgerald, W. H., Richmond, Va. 
Fitzhugh, Gen. Chas. L., Alleghany, Pa. 
Fitzhugh, Frank, Paris, Texas. 
Fitzhugh, Prof Thomas, Austin, Texas. 
Fleet, Prof. A. F., Culver Academy, Mar- 

mont, Indiana. 
Fleming, Colonel R. J., Washington, D. C. 
Folsom, A. A., Brookline, Mass. 
Foote, W. W., San Francisco, Cal. 
Fones, Mrs. James A., Little Rock, Ark. 
Force, General M. F., Sandusky, Ohio. 
Ford, Worthington C, Boston, Mass. 
Forrest, Rev. D. F., D. D., Coronado 

Beach, Cal. 
Fountain, Captain S. W., U. S. A., Fort 

Meade, S. D. 
Fox, W. F., Richmond, Va. 
Fowler, F. Mackenzie, Harlow, England. 
Franklin, James, Jr., Lynchburg, Va. 
Fulton, J. H., Wytheville, Va. 



Gaines, C. Carrington, Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 
Gaines, Mrs. J. H., Hot Springs, Ark. 
Gaines, R. H., Richmond, Va. 
Garland, J. A., New York, N. Y. 
Garland, Spotswood, Wilmington, Del. 
Garrett, Mrs. Robert, Baltimore, Md. 
Garrett, Prof. Wm. R , Nashville, Tenn. 
Gentry, Richard, Kansas City, Mo. 
George, Major J. P., Richmond, Va. 
Gibson, Geo. Rutledge, New York, N. Y. 
Gooch, D. L., Covington, Ky. 
Gooch, G. G., Staunton, Va. 
Gooch, G. P., London, England. 
Goode, Hon. John, Washington, D. C. 
Gordon, Heningham, Richmond, Va. 
Gordon, Mrs. W. W., Richmond, Va. 
Graham, Mrs. Samuel J., Tazewell, Va. 
Gray, W. F., Richmond, Va. 
Great Bridge Chapter D. A. R., Norfolk, 

Green, B. W., M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Green, Thomas Marshall, Danville, Ky. 
Green, W. H., Washington, D. C. 
Greenway, G. C, M. D , Hot Springs, Ark. 
Gregory, Hon. Roger, Richmond, Va. 
Grinnan, Daniel, Richmond, Va. 
Guillardeu, W. L., New York, N. Y. 
Gummey, Charles F., Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Guy, Jackson, Richmond, Va. 

Hagan, John C, Richmond, Va. 

Hall, Charles H., M. D , Macon, Ga. 

Hall, Major P. P. G, U. S. A., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Hamilton, S. M., Washington, D. C. 

Hanger, Mrs. Frederick, Little Rock, Ark. 

Hardaway, Prof. Robert A , University of 
Alabama, Ala. 

Hardeman, John L., Macon, Ga. 

Harris, John T., Jr., Harrisonburg, Va. 

Harrison, Hon. Benj., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Harrison, Col. Burton N., New York, N. Y. 

Harrison, Geo. T., M. D , New York, N. Y. 

Harrison, Robert L.. New York, N. Y. 

Hawes, Horace, Richmond, Va. 

Hawes, S. H , Richmond, Va. 

Heffelfinger, Jacob, Hampton, Va. 

Henley, Mrs. Charles F., Mountainville, 

Henry, Hon. W. W., Richmond, Va. 

Herbert, Colonel A , Alexandria, Va. 

Hill, W. M., Richmond, Va. 

Hoar, Hon. George F., Worcester, Mass. 

Hobson, Henry W., Jr. 

Hoen, E. A., Richmond, Va. 

Hoffman, Miss M. Dora, Baltimore, Md. 

Hoffman, Richard Curzon, Baltimore, Md. 
Hollenberg Mrs. H. G., Little Rock, Ark. 
Hood, Hon. Calvin, Emporia, Kansas. 
Hord, Rev. Arnold H., Holmesburg, Pa. 
Hord, William T., U. S. N., Washington, 

D. C. 
Hooe, James C, Washington, D. C. 
Hoss, Rev. E. E., D. D., Nashville, Tenn. 
Houston, Prof. David F., University of 

Texas, Austin, Texas. 
Howard, Major McH., Baltimore, Md. 
Howard, Mrs. S. F., Boston, Mass. 
Howell, M. B. Nashville, Tenn. 
Hudson, John E., Boston, Mass. 
Hughart, W. O., Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Haghes, Charles J., Jr., Denver, Col. 
Hughes, A. S., Denver, Col. 
Hume, Frank, Alexandria, Va. 
Hunnewell, J. F., Charlestown. Mass. 
Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, D. C. 
Hunter, James W., Norfolk, Va. 
Hunter, Major John, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hunter, Mrs Robert W., Alexandria, Va. 
Hutcheson, Mrs. J. C, Houston, Texas. 
Hutzler, H. S., Richmond, Va. 

Illinois Society S. A. R., Chicago, 111. 
Ingle, Edward, Baltimore, Md. 

James, Edward W., Norfolk, Va. 
Jeffress, T. F., Richmond, Va. 
Jenkins, Edward A , Baltimore, Md. 
Jenkins, Luther R., Richmond, Va. 
Jenks, Rev. Henry F., Canton, Mass. 
Johnson, B. F., Richmond, Va. 
Johnson, Mrs. J. H , Talladega, Ala. 
Johnson, Capt. Wm. R., Crescent, W. Va. 
Johnston, Christopher, M. D., Baltimore, 

Joline, Adrian H., New York, N. Y. 
Jones, Rev. J. William, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, Colonel Henry C, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, I. N., Richmond, Va. 
Jones Thomas Catesby, Beuna Vista, Va. 
Jones, Colonel Meriwether, Richmond ,Va. 
Jones, Walter Nelson, Petersburg, Va. 
Jones, William Henry, Richmond, Va, 
Jordan, Scott, Chicago, 111. 
Joynes, Solon, Rockdale. Texas. 

Keeling, Judge J. M., Norfolk, Va. 
Keim, M's. Betty L., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Kelley, James, New York, N. Y. 
Kemper, Willis W , Cincinnati Ohio. 
Kent, Prof. C. W., University of Va. 
Kilby, Judge Wilbur J., Suffolk, Va. 


Kinsolving, Rev. A. B., Brooklyn, X. Y. 
Kirkman, Lieutenant George W., U. S. A. 

Fort Russell, Wyoming. 
Kittredge, Mrs. Georgia D., Mt. Auburn, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Knabe, William, Baltimore, Md. 

Lamb, Colonel William, Norfolk, Va 

Lambert, Mrs. W. H., Germantown, Pa. 

Lane, J. Remsen, New York, N. Y. 

Lancaster, R. A., Richmond, Va. 

Lassiter, Major F. R , Petersburg, Va. 

Lathrop, Bryan, Chicago, 111. 

Latimer, Mrs. Elizabeth Wormeley, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Latta, Mrs. H. M., Charlotte, N. C. 

Lawless, Hon. J. T., Richmond, Va. 

Leach, J. Granville, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Leach, James A., Richmond, Va. 

Leake, Judge Wm. Josiah, Richmond, Va. 

Lea, Mrs. Overton, Nashville, Tenn. 

Lee, Casenove G., Washington, D. C. 

Lee, Captain R E., West Point, Va. 

Leib, Mrs Lida C. G., San Jose, Ca!. 

Leigh, Egbert G., Jr , Richmond, Va. 

Leigh, C. J., New York, N. Y. 

Letcher, S. Houston, Lexington, Va. 

Lewis, R. W., Richmond, Va. 

Lindsay, Rev. John S., D. D., Boston, 

Livezey, John G , Newport News, Va. 

Lodge, Hon. H. C, Nahant, Mass. 

Logan, Walter S , New York, N. Y. 

Long, A. R., Lynchburg, Va. 

Loyall, Captain B. P., Norfolk, Va. 

Lyon, Mrs. George A., Richmond, Va. 

Lyons, James, Richmond, Va. 

Maddox, Mrs. Virginia K , Jan Jose, Cal. 
Mallory, Lt. J. S., U. S. A , Denver, Col. 
Markham, W. G., Avon, N. Y. 
Markham, George D., St. Louis, Mo. 
Markham, Sir Clements R., London, Eng. 
Markham, Mrs. James D., Athens, Ala. 
Marshall, Colonel Charles, Baltimore, Md. 
Marshall, T. E., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Mason, of R., John T., Baltimore, Md. 
Maury Colonel R L., Richmond, Va 
Maxwell, John W. C, San Francisco, Cal. 
Maynard, Mrs John F., Utica, N. Y. 
Mayo, E. C, Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, P. H., Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, W. C, Washington, D. C. 
Marye, Colonel Morton, Richmond, Va. 
Mayer, Mrs. Mattie R., Shreveport, La. 
Mercer, Carroll, Washington, D. C. 

Meredith, Charles V., Richmond, Va. 

Meredith, W. R., 

Merrill, Prof. Geo. F., 

Midyette, D. R , 

Miller, Jacob F., Logan, Utah 

Minetree, Mrs. Joseph P., Washington, 

D. C. 
Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 
Mitchell, S. P., Petersburg, Va. 
Montague, Hon A.J , Danville, Va. 
Moon, Ellis M., Richmond, Va. 
Moore, Josiah S., 

Moore, Mrs. Thomas L., Richmond, Va. 
Moore, Warner, " 

Morris, Miss Julia W., " 

Morton, Waller, " 

Mundy, W. H., Louisville, Ky. 
Munford, B. B., Richmond, Va. 
Munford, R. B., " 

Mushbach, George A., Alexandria, Va. 
Myers. Major E. T. D., Richmond, Va. 
McAllister, J. T., Warm Springs, Va. 
McCabe, Prof. W. G., Richmond, Va. 
McCaw, J. B., M. D., ' " 

McClintock, A. H., Wilkes Barre, Pa. 
McCord, James H., St. Joseph, Mo. 
McCormick, Leander J , Chicago, 111. 
McGehee, C. C, Atlanta, Ga. 
McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, Va. 
McGuire, Hunter, M. D., " 

McGuire J. P., 
McGuire, J. P., Jr., 
Mcllwaine, Prof. H. R., Hampden-Sidney 

College, Va. 
Mcllwaine, W. P., Petersburg, Va. 
Mcintosh, Mrs. Isabel D., Norfolk, Va. 

Nash, H. M., M. D., Norfolk, Va. 
Newton, Virginius, Richmond, Va. 
Nicholls, Rt. Rev. W. F., San Francisco, 

Nolting, W. Otto, Richmond, Va. 
Norris, S. Henry, Phi adelphia, Pa. 

Old, Major, W. W., Norfolk, Va. 

Owen, Capt. H. T , Prince Edward Co., 

Owen, Thomas N., Carrollton, Ala. 
Owen, B. P., Chesterfield Co., Va. 

Page, Major Mann, Brandon, Va, 
Page, Rosewell, Richmond, Va. 
Page, Thomas Nelson, Washington, D. C. 
Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, Va. 
Parker, Major John, Brownsholme Hall, 
Clethiroe, Lancashire, Ens:. 



Parker, Col. Daingerfield, U. S. A., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Parks, Marshall, Norfolk, Va. 

Parrish, R. L., Covington, Va. 

Patterson, James A , Philadelphia, Pa. 

Patteson, S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 

Patton, Marcus W., Richmond, Va. 

Paxton, Lieutenant Robert G.. U. S. A., 
Fort Custer, Montana. 

Payne, Mrs. C. N., Washington, D. C. 

Payne, Gen. William H., Warrenton, Va. 

Pease, Thos. H., New Haven, Conn. 

Pegram, John Combe, Providence, R. I. 

Pell, F. A., New York, N. Y. 

Peeler, Mis. Martha E., Fiteler, Issaquena, 
Co , Miss. 

Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 

Pennington, William C, Baltimore, Md. 

Peterkin, Mrs. George W., Parkersburg, 
W. Va. 

Pettus, William J., M. D., U. S. N., Fort 
Monroe, Va. 

Petty, J. Calvin, Sulphur Mines, Va. 

Plv.nizy, Mrs. Billups, Athens, Ga. 

Pickett, Thomas E., M. D., Maysville, Ky. 

Polk, Mrs. Rufus J., Little Rock, Ark. 

Pollard, Henry R., Richmond, Va. 

Poindexter, Charles E , Jeffersonville, Ind. 

Pope, George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Potwin, Mrs. Eliza Lewis, Chicago, 111. 

Powell, Prof. John H., Richmond, Va. 

Pratt, Mrs. Chas. A , Little Rock, Ark. 

Prentiss, Judge R.R., Suffolk, Va. 

Preston, W. C, Richmond, Va. 

Prvor, Gen. Roger A., New York, N. Y. 

Pugh, A. H., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Pullen, Charles L., New Orleans, La. 

Randolph, Beverley S., Frostburg, Md. 
Randolph, Rt. Rev. A. M., D. D., Norfolk, 

Randolph, Miss Elizabeth L., Kingston, 

Randolph, G. A., Warrensburg, Ills. 
Raymond, C. H., New York, N. Y. 
Read, M. Alston, Laguna. Texas. 
Read, Henry N , M. D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Reinhart, J. W., Netherwood, N. J. 
Rennolds, Robert G., Richmond, Va. 
Rhodes, James F., Cambridge, Mass. 
Ridenour, Miss Emma B , Indianapolis, 

Ridgeley, Mrs. Jane M., Springfield, 111. 
Rivers, Flournoy, Pulaski, Tenn. 
RoBards. Col John Lewis, Hannibal, Mo. 
Roberts, Mrs. L. P., Norfolk, Va. 

Robert, Rev. P G., St. Louis, Mo. 
Robertson, A. F., Staunton, Va. 
Robertson, Capt. Harrison, Charlottesville, 

Robins, William B., Richmond, Va. 
Robinson, Capt. Leigh, Washington, D. C. 
Robinson, Rev. T. V., C. S. P., New York, 

N. Y. 
Rogers, Archibald, Hyde Park, N. Y. 
Rogers, T. F., Norfolk, Va. 
Roller, Gen. John E., Harrisonburg, Va. 
Roosevelt, Hon. Theodore, New York, 

N. Y. 
Ropes, John C, Boston, Mass. 
Rouss, Chas. Broadway, New York, N. Y. 
Rowland, Miss Kate Mason, Richmond, 

Ryland, Hon. Josiah, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Salisbury, Edward E , New Haven, Conn. 

Sands, Hon. Conway R., Richmond, Va. 

Savage, N. R , Richmond, Va. 

Schouler, Prof. James, Boston, Mass. 

Seabreese, Rev. A. W., Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Seldner, A. B., Norfolk, Va. 

Semmes, Hon. Thomas J., New Orleans, 

Shelby, Mrs. Susan H., Lexington, Ky. 

Shippen, Mrs. Rebecca Lloyd, Baltimore, 

Sinton, R. B., Richmond, Va. 

Sitterding, Fred., Richmond, Va. 

Shirreffs, Reuben, Boston, Mass. 

Show, A. B., Stanford University, Cal. 

Slaughter, Francis W., Germantown, Pa. 

Smith, H. M., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Smith, Miss Margaret V., Alexandria, Va. 

Smith, Mrs. G. Herbert, Wilmington, N. C. 

Smith, Willis B., Richmond, Va. 

Smith, Lieutenant R. C, U. S. N., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Smith, Tunstall, Baltimore, Md. 

Snowden, W. H., Arcturus, Va. 

Sorrel, Francis, M. D., Roanoke, Va. 

Southall, Dr. J. W., Amelia county, Va. 

Spears, Harry D., New York, N Y. 

Spencer, Mrs. Samuel, Washington, D. C. 

Spotswood, Mrs. W. F., Petersburg, Va. 

Stanard, W. G., Richmond, Va. 

Stanard, W. P., New York, N. Y. 

Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 

Stevens, Byam K., New York, N. Y. 

Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, Va. 

Stewart, Miss E. Hope, 

Stewart, Miss Norma, 

Stewart, Miss Lucy W., 



Stewart, Rev. J. Calvin, Richmond, Va. 
Stimson, R. M., Marietta, Ohio. 
Stockton, Mrs. S. D., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Stringfellow, Maj. Chas. S , Richmond, Va. 
Strother, Hon. P. W., Pearisburg, Va. 
Stryker, General W. S., Trenton, N. J. 
Stuart, Henry C. Elk Garden, Va. 
Stubbs, Prof. T. J , Williamsburg, Va. 
Sturdevant, Col. R., Cape Girardeau, Mo. 
Sumner, John O , Roxbury, Mass. 
Swineford, H., Richmond, Va. 

Taliaferro, Hon. Sinclair, Paris, Texas. 
Taylor, Commandei H. C, U. S. N., New- 
port, R. I. 
Taylor, W. E., Norfolk, Va. 
Terhune, Mrs. E. T., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Thacker, H. C, Boston, Mass. 
Thomas, Douglas H., Baltimore, Md. 
Thomas, R. S., Smithfield, Va. 
Thomas, Rev. W. D , Richmond, Va. 
Thompson, Leonard, Woburn, Mass. 
Throckmorton, G.Wickliffe, New York.N.Y. 
Thruston, R. C. Ballard, Louisville, Ky. 
Todd, Chas. H., M. D., Owensboro, Ky. 
Todd, George D., Louisville, Ky. 
Travel's, S. W., Richmond, Va. 
Tree, J. B., 
Trigg, W. R., 

Tucker, J. D., South Boston, Va. 
Tunstall, Alex., M. D., Norfolk, Va. 

I Tunstall, Richard B., 
Turnure, Lawrence, New York, N. Y. 
Tyler, Prof. Lyon G., Williamsburg, Va. 

Underwood, Gen. John C, Covington, Ky. 
Upshur, Rear Admiral John H., U S. N , 

Washington, D. C. 
Upshur, T. T., Nassawaddox, Va. 

Valentine, B. B., Richmond, Va. 

Valentine, E. P., 

Valentine, E. V., " 

Valentine, G. G., " 

Valentine, M S., Jr., " 

Van Ness, Mrs. Sarah B., East Lexington, 

Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Venable, Hon E. C, Petersburg, Va. 
Vermillion, John, Norfolk, Va 

Waddell, J. A., Staunton, Va. 
Waddey, Everett H., Richmond, Va. 
Waddill, Judge Edmund, Richmond, Va. 
Waggener, B. P., Atchinson, Kan. 
Walke, Frank A , M. D., Norfolk, Va. 

Walke, Richard, Norfolk, Va. 

Walke, Cornelius, New York, N. Y. 

Walker, G. A., Richmond, Va. 

Walker, Gen. James A., Wytheville, Va. 

Walker, J. G., Richmond, Va. 

Waller, Edward C, Chicago, 111. 

Walsh, Mrs. Edward, Jr., St. Louis, Mo. 

Ward, Colonel John H., Louisville, Ky. 

Warner, Charles Dudley, Hartford, Conn. 

Warren, L. R., Richmond, Va. 

Washington, Joseph E.,Wessyngton, Tenn. 

Watts, Judge Leigh R., Portsmouth, Va. 

Weisiger, Mrs. Cary N., Memphis, Tenn. 

Wellford, Judge B. R., Richmond, Va. 

Wellford, C. E., 

Welch, Charles A., Boston, Mass. 

West, George M., Richmond, Va. 

Wharton, Prof. L. B , D. D., Williams- 
burg, Va. 

White, Prof. H. A., Washington-Lee Uni- 
versity, Lexington, Va. 

White, Rev W. C, Warm Springs, Va. 

Whitehead, W. R., M. D., Denver, Col. 

Whitner, Charles F., Atlanta, Ga. 

Whittet, Robert, Richmond, Va. 

Whitty, J. H., 

Willard, Mrs. Joseph E., Fairfax Co., Va. 

Williams, E. Victor, Richmond, Va. 

Williams, Capt. Chas. U., 

Williams, E. Randolph, " 

Williams, John G., Orange, Va. 

Williams, J. P., Savannah, Ga. 

Williams. John Skelton, Richmond, Va. 

Williamson, D. A., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Williamson, Sidney B., Florence, Ala. 

Wilson, Mrs. William, Kansas City, Mo. 

Wilson, Hon. William L., Washington, D. C. 

Winston, James B., Glen Allen, Va. 

Wingo, Chas. E., Richmond, Va. 

Wise, Barton H., Richmond, Va. 

Wise, Prof. Henry A., Baltimore, Md. 

Wise, John C, M. D., U. S. N., Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Withers, Alfred D., Roane's, Va. 

Withers, H. C, Carrollton, Ills. 

Withers, Eugene, Danville, Va. 

Woods, Rev. Edgar, Charlottesville, Va. 

Woods, Hon. Micajah, 

Wright, Jacob Ridgeway, Wilkes-Barre, 

Wright, Mrs. Selden S., San Francisco, 

Young, Hon. B. H., Louisville, Ky. 

Zimmer, W. L , Petersburg, Va. 


LIBRARIES— Annual Members. 

Adelbert College Library, Cleveland, O. Navy Department Library, Washington, 
America Geographical Society, New York, D. C. 

N. Y. Nebraska University Library, Lincoln, 

Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass. North Carolina State Library, Raleigh, 

Brooklyn Public Libiary, Brooklyn, N. Y. N. C. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh, Pa. Oberlin College Library, Oberlin, Ohio. 

Carnegie Free Libary, Alleghany, Pa. 

Catholic University, Washington, D. C. Parliament Library, Ottawa, Canada. 

Central Library, Syracuse, N. Y. Pennsylvania State Library, Harrisburg, 

Central University Library, Richmond, Ky. Pa. 

Chicago Public Library, Chicago, III. Peoria Public Library, Peoria, 111 

Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, O Philadelphia Law Association Library, 

Congressional Information Bureau, Wash. Philadelphia, Pa. 

ington, D. C. Pratt Free Library, Baltimore, Md, 
Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Randolph-Macon College Library, Ash- 
Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Mich land, Va. 

Fort Wayne Public Library, Fort Wayne, San Francisco Free fublic Library, San 

Ind. Francisco, Cal. 

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 
General Theological Seminary Library, Louisville, Ky. 

New York, N. Y. Springfield City Library Asso'n, Spring- 

field, Mass. 
Hampton N. and A. Institute Library, State Department Library, Washington, 

Hampton, Va. D. C. 

Harvard University Library, Cambridge, St. Louis Mercantile Library, St. Louis, 

Mass. Mo. 

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The Virginia Magazine of History atid Biography has established itself in the front rank of 
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The tendency of this age is to find original documents, and not to rely on opinions of his- 
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Virginia Magazine 



Vol. VI. APRIL, 1899. No. 4. 


By John Redd, Henry county, Va. 

[The manuscript which we begin to print in this number of 
the Magazine, has apparently been for a considerable period in 
the collection of the Virginia Historical Society. It consists of 
forty foolscap pages, stitched together, and is evidently a series 
of answers to questions which had been addressed to the writer. 
There is no title nor signature, but it was judged from internal 
evidence that the paper was written by John Redd, of Henry 
county. This is confirmed by a statement of Lyman C. Draper, 
in the new edition of Withers' s Border Warfare, p. 59. He 
quotes some statements made in the beginning of this manu- 
script, and states that the information was given him in 1849, by 
Major John Redd, of Henry county, Va. At that time Major 
Redd must have been upwards of eighty years of age. 

It is probable that our manuscript is the original of the infor- 
mation given Mr. Draper. At any rate it is evident that the 
questions, to which answers are given, were propounded by one 
well informed in regard to the history of the West.] 

1st. The house which Davell lived in and which was pre- 


viously occupied by Stephen Holston l was an ordinary log cab- 
bin, the house was located on a hill side about 30 yards from 
the head spring of the middle Holston. I know not what 
became of Holston, whether he died there or moved off. I 
think the settlement of fort chiswell 2 was the nearest settlement 
to Holston' s cabin. There was no flat land near his house. 

2. I know nothing of Ambrose Powell. 3 

3. I know nothing of Colby Chew. 4 

4. Of Stalemaker, I know nothing. 

5. Of Wm. Tomlinson, I know nothing. 

6th. I hardly think it probable that Walden, with some 16 
others, ever established a hunting camp in Powel's valley 5 as 
early as 1761. there is no doubt but Waldin was a long hunter 
as early as 1761, and probable before that day. the long hun- 
ters hardly ever went with more than two or three in a company, 
besides as you remarke at that period war existed between the 
Indians and whites, and it would have been the very highth of 
folly for 16 men to have gone at that time to powel's valley. It is 
vary probable that walden, Cox & Blevins established a hunting 
camp in Powel's valley a few years after 1761, for the Blevinses 
& Coxes were a vary numerous family, and many of them were 
long hunters; they lived on Smith's river in the neighborhood 
with walden, and they were connected to him by marriage. If 
Walden had of establish a station in Powels vally in 1761, I 
am satisfied that I should have heard something of it. Walden 
was a man of darke skin about 5 feet 10 or 11 inches; a big, 
square built and weighed a bout 180 pounds, vary cours fetures, 
ordinary intellect and was regarded as a very honest and correct 
man in all his transactions. When I became acquainted with 
him in 1774, he was about 40 years of age. walden had vary 
little propperty, he never cultivated the soil but lived entirely by 
hunting. I know not where walden was from originally. When 
I first knew him he lived on Smith's river at a place called the 
round-about, near the centre of the conty, and about two miles 
east from Martainsville, the present county seat of henry, he lived 
near his wife's fathers, Will. Blevenes. Walden, the Blevines 
& Coxes owned no land, but were squatters on land owned by a 
company of speculators. 

During the revolutionary war the assembly of Va. passed a 


law that all British subjects owning land in Va. must come in by 
a ceartin time and take an oath of alegence, and become actual 
seders, or ther land would be confiscated. After the act was 
passed, two of the british subjects owning land in Pitsolvania 
(now henry), came in and complied with the act of the assembly, 
and toock posseshion of their land, this gave alarm to Walden, 
the Blevinses and Coxes, for they feared they would have to pay 
many years rent they all moved off enmess. The Blevinses & 
Coxes settled on the holston a bove the long Isleans. Walden 
settled on the holston about 18 miles above where knoxville now 
is. I know not how long he lived there. In the year 1776, I 
called by to see him, he was not at home, his wife informed me 
that he had gone on a hunt and had been absent a month. A 
few years after this he moved to Powel's valley, remained there 
a short time, removed from there to Missoura and settled in the 
vary extreme settlement up the Missoura river. I suppose his 
object in going to Missoura was to get where game was more 
plentiful; he followed up hunting as long as he was able to follow 
the chase; he died on the fronteers of Missoura at a very ad- 
vanced age; he performed no military duty during the war. 

7th. Wm. was born in Albemarl co., Va., he was the 

first son of his mother; notwithstanding his mother & her hus- 
band were both vary respectable and had a fine estate, yet when 
Wm. was born he turned out to be a dark mulatto. The old 
man being a good natured sort of a fellow and with all, vary 
credulous, was induced by his better half to believe that the col- 
our of his son was a judgement on her for her wickedness. Wm. 
was sent to school and learnt the rudaments of an englis educa- 
tion and at the age of 18 he was furnished with a good horse, 
gun & some money and dyrected by his reputed father to go to 
the fronteer and seek his fortune and never to return. In the 
early part of the spring, 1775, I became persorily acquainted with 

at Martain's station in Powel's valley: he was then about 40 

years of age; he never married and had been living on the fron- 
teer for something like 20 years. He lived in the forts and sta- 
tions and lived entirely by hunting. Notwithstanding his coller 
he was treated with as much respect as any white man. Fiew 
men possessed a more high sence of honor, and true bravery 
than he did. He was possessed of a vary strong natural mind 


and allways cheerful and the very life of any company he was 
in. Had hunted in the brush many years before I became ac- 
quainted with him. He was about the ordinary height, little 
inclined to be corpulent, slightly round shouldered and weighed 
about 160 or 70, and vary strong for one of his sise. 

8th. I know not where Wm. Crabtree was from originally. 
In 1777 he lived on watauguar not far above its junction with the 
holston. I know not what finally became of him, he was about 
30 years of adge, a real back woodsman; in appearance tall, slen- 
der and spare made, his hair sliteley red. Aldridge was some 
30 years of age. I know not where he was from originaly. He 
lived in the neighborhood with Crabtree. He was possessed of 
a spritely mind, dark hair, stooped in the shoulders, heavey 
built, near 6 feet high. Wm. Pitman, about 40 years of ag. , 
some 6 feet high, fine personal appearance, fair skin, light hair. 
Henry Skags, some 50 years of age, slitely gray, slender frame, 
dark skin and some 3 inches taller than Pitman. I know not 
where he and Pitman was from originally in 1776. They both 
lived on New River (I do not know the precise locality), they 
remained there until their death, they both had families. I 
know nothing of their descendants. 

9th. Newman, Cox, Blevens, Drake and others. I know 
nothing of their exploring trip. 

10th. of Abram & Isaick Bledso, 6 John Montgomery, I know 
nothing of their exploring trip. 

nth. I know nothing of Taylor 7 and others trip down the 
Ohio in 1769. 

1 2th. of John Finley Boons Companion I know nothing. 

13th. I have examined my orriginal manuscript and find that 
I stated that Dr. walker run a line about 1763, and my Grandson 
who copied it made a mistake and put it 1773. in looking over 
the copy I did not discover the mistake, when I was in Powels 
valley in 1775 there was a line running through the valley called 
Dr. walker's line, the nearest point of this line to Martain's 
Station was about 12 miles South, besides this there was a beech 
tree where this line crossed Indian creek with the name of Thomas 
Walker cut on it in full and I think the date 1763. I never ex- 
amined this tree but manny of our company toled me that they 
saw it vary frequently, near this tree it was said that there was 


some sign of a camp which it was believed was pitched when the 
line was run. I can not see how this mistake could have occurred 
unless at the date mentioned above. Dr. Walker didn't com- 
plete his line and from some cause did not mention it in his 
official report. If you are sure that Dr. Walker did not run 
(or attempt) to run a line at that date then it must have been 
that he or some other man by his name crossed Indian creek at 
the time and place alluded to on some exploring- expedition, for 
I am perfectly satisfied that the name of Thomas Walker was 
carved in full on the beach and a line crossed Indian creek called 
Walker's line. 

14th. I know nothing of Bon's defeat in Powel's valley in 
1773, it has entirely escaped my recollection, the old kentucky 
trace crossed Walden's ridge at the head of Walden's creak. 
There was another trace not often used that went down walden's 
creak and crossed it several times. I do not know where the 
new road crosses walden's Creak in 1780. when I went to 
Kentucky the road crossed Walden's ridge at the head of Wal- 
den's creek^at the same place where the trace crossed in 1775. 

15th. I know nothing of the two men who discovered the 
Indians on the morning of the battle of Point Pleasant. 

16th. Priests fort was located some 5 or 6 miles up the valley 
from Martain's station; it was on no water course; there were 
several fine springs near the fort. Priests & Mumps fort were 
never reoccupied after their abandonment in 1776. 

17th. Martain's fort was on martain's creek, the fort was 
located on the North side of the Creek, there was some five or 
six cabins, these were built some twenty feet apart with strong 
stockade between, in these stockades there were port holes, the 
station contained about half an acre of ground, the shape was 
a parallelogram, there were two fine springs near the station 
which afforded plenty of water, the Woodland came near the 
station on its North side, the station was not reoccupied after 
1776 or during the revolutionary war. 

18th. In 1775, Brice Martain 8 made an entry at the beaverdam 
spring — there was no settlement made there previous to that 
time, there must be some mistake about his making a settle- 
ment there in 1769, for in that year he accompanied his brother 
Joseph out to the valley in his attempted settlement and they 


onely remained there one day. the bever dam springs are six 
miles below Martain's station and on Indian Creek. Brice Mar- 
tain died on his plantation on Smith river in henry county near 
where I now reside, he died, I think, in the year 1817 or 1818, 
he was tall, muscular and active, dark hair, he had onely two 
children and they were sons, both emigrated to the West many 
years ago. William the youngest son died about the time of his 
father. Joseph was living in Tennessee some five or six years 

19. Mordecai Hoard 9 made an entry in 1775 on Indian Creek 
four miles below Brice Martain's entry. Hoard's entry included a 
large Indian field which he planted in corn, and built a small 
cabin, in which he occasionally slep, and made his home at Mar- 
tain's station, which was 10 miles from where he made his entry. 
Mordecai Hoard was waggon Master in Braddock's defeat in 
1755. he toock no part in the revolutionary war on account of 
his age, although he was a great patriot, he was not called Col. 
his son William must be the one that you allude to. Col. Wra. 
Hoard emigrated to tennessee manny years ago aryl became a 
man of some distinction. Mordecai Hoard died in smith's river 
in the county of henry, Va. , where he had lived many years. 
Hoard was vary fleshy, weighed 200 pounds or more, fine per- 
sonal appearance, strong natural mind; he raised six children 
four sons and two daughters, all of whom have been dead for 
many years. Col. Wm. Hoard, son of Mordecai Hoard, has a 
son Eldridge Hoard now living in tennessee near the holston & 
six or eight miles from King's fort: Mordecai Hoard died in 1786. 

20th I know nothing of the attack made by the Indians on 
Boon at Twitty's fort nor who Twitty was. 

'21. I know nothing of Darce's camp being attacked by the 
Indians in 1775. 

22. I do not reckolect wheather or not Boon had army female 
in his party he carried out to Kentucky in the Spring of 1775. 
I am sertain that Henderson had no female with him that Spring 
for he staid at Martain's station several days when he was on his 
way to Kentucky. 

23rd. I suppose that I was mistaken when I said that Boon 
went to North Carolina in the fall of 1775 or spring of 1776. I 
must have been led in into the error by knowing that Boon was 


originally from North Carolina and I did not know at that time 
that he had removed his family to Clinch. I reckollect very well 
that Boon staid at Martain station a day or two in the fall of 1775 
or spring of '76, while on his way into the settlement and I sup- 
pose that you are correct in saying that he went to the yeadkin, 
I cannot say with sertainty what year it was that I saw Boon in 
richmond, but from several circumstances I think it was in 1780. 
as you say in your letter the legislature did not enact the law for 
the removal of the seat of government from williamsburg to 
Richmond until 1779, when I saw Boon in the legislature the 
Capitol was not compleated and the legislature occupied a large 
building near shocko Weare House, if I am not mistaken this 
house was only occupied by the legislature one yeare and if so 
it must have been in the year 1780, besides this I reckollect that 
I saw Boon in Richmond shortely after I returned on a trip from 
kentucky. this trip from several circumstances must have been 
made in 1780. I cannot give you the precise date of my seeing 
Boon in richmond, but I think it must have been in the latter 
part of August or first September, 1780. I do not know anny 
thing of Boon's being robed of money while on his way in from 
kentucky. I do not know of any busyness transactions that 
Boon had while he was in richmond or how he succeded as a 
member, he was dressed in real backwoods stile, I do not reck- 
ollect who his collegue was. 

24th. Gen. Clark is evidently mistaken in a portion of his 
manuscript in regard to his tripe from kentucky to Va. in 1776. 
Clark must have taken the name of Mumpses fort, for Martain' s 
fort was 18 miles from Cumberland gap and there was no forte 
between his and the gap. Gen. Clark passed Martain's fort some 
four or five days after wee had thined out our corn, he next passed 
Priest's fort where we had also thined out the corne and follow- 
ing our trace he over took us at Mump's fort where wee were 
thining out the last corn and remained there one day and then I 
left with Clark & Jones. Will observe that Martains, Priests & 
Mumps forts were all abandoned and at Blackymore's fort we 
raised a company composed of men who had formerly occupied 
Martains, Priests, and Mumps forts, and returned and thinned 
out the corn commencing at Martains, and at Mumps my first 
acquaintance with Gen. Clarke commenced. I suppose wee 


were some 10 days engaged in thining out our corn. Parks was 
killed some two weeks before Col. Clark arrived at Mumps fort. 
Clarke was dressed in ordinary back woods stile, with buckskin 
leggins. I have no reckollection of his servises on Dunmore cam- 
paign or in Kentucky or elsewhere. Jones, Clarke's companion 
was apparently about 30 years of age, rather small statue, weighed 
about 150 pounds, a lawyer by profeshion, very fluent in conver- 
sation & fine general information. Clark was some six feet high, 
very straight (I think), blue eyes, hair inclined to be red. He 
and Jones had onely one horse each when I saw them at Mumps 

25th. I dont no the precise number of men that Calloway had 
with him when he emigrated to Kentucky, but as wel as my reckol- 
lecktion serves me there were about thirty. I cannot say with ser- 
tainty wheather this trip of Calloway was made in the latter part 
of the fall or winter of 1775 or spring of '76. I have no reck- 
olection of any of Calloway's familys being in company with him 
except his daughter Betsy. 

(to be continued.) 


Stephen Holston, prior to 1748, had discovered the river 

named after him. At a later period he, with a few companions,' 

made a canoe voyage down to Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi, 

as far as Natches. For a notice of him see Wither s Border 

Warfare, new edition, p. 59. 

* Fort Chiswell. built by Colonel William Byrd, between the 
present Wytheville and New river, was named for Colonel John 
Chiswell. The latter gentleman was the chief owner of the lead 
mines near by, which furnished such large supplies to Virginia 
during the Revolution, and to the Confederacy. 

3 Ambrose Powell, of Culpeper county, was a surveyor. In 
1752, "Ambrose Powell, Gent.," was a vestryman of Bromfield 
Parish, Culpeper. He accompanied Dr. Thomas Walker in his 
Western expedition. It appears from the will of William Bled- 
soe, of Culpeper, that Ambrose Powell married his daughter 
Mary. Ambrose Powell was the great grandfather of General 


A. P. Hill, C. S. A., and also has descendants in Jackson, Boyle 
and Mercer counties, Kentucky. See Journal of Dr. Thomas 
Walker, Filson Club, pub., p. 33. 

4 Colby Chew, son of Colonel Thomas and Martha (Taylor) 
Chew, of Orange county, is stated by Mr. Draper (Border War- 
fare), to have served in the "Sandy Creek Voyage," against 

the Shawnees, in the spring of 1756. He was commissioned 
ensign in Washington's regiment, October 1, 1757. It appears 
from a petition to the General Assembly of Virginia, in response 
to which a grant of land was made, that in 1758, during Grant's 
expedition, Colby Chew was wounded near Fort Duquesne, and 
falling into the river was drowned, and that his brother and heir 
Larken Chew, who was afterwards a lieutenant in the 2nd Virginia 
regiment, had his arm shattered by a ball, in an action in 
May, 1754. They were sons of Colonel Thomas Chew (who 
was sheriff of Spotsylvania in 1724, and of Orange in 1745) and 
his wife Martha Taylor, who, as a family record states correctly, 
was the "sister of President Madison's grandmother, and great 
grand aunt of President Taylor." 

5 Powell's Valley is in the southern part of Wise county. 

6 Abraham and Isaac Bledsoe, were hunters and explorers in 
South West Virginia, Tennessee, &c, 1769-70 (Collin's Ken- 
tucky). The earliest of this name whom we can find, was George 
Bledsoe, whose will was dated July 23, 1704-5, and proved in 
Northumberland county, August 15, 1705, names his daughter 
Elizabeth, and sons John, William, Abraham and Thomas. 
These sons appear to have removed to what was Spotsylvania 
county (including Orange, &c.) There is recorded in Spotsyl- 
vania, a suit in 1722, John Richardson vs. Abraham Bledsoe. 
In the same county, August, 1727, Elizabeth, wife of William 
Bledsoe and formerly widow of Charles Stevens, executed a 
bond. William Bledsoe was sheriff of Spotsylvania in 1723. 
There are also in Spotsylvania, in 1759-60, deed from William 
Bledsoe of that county, to his sons "Moses and Joseph." It 
is probable that the father was the William Bledsoe whose will, 
dated December 27, 1769, was proved in Culpeper, April 19, 
1770. He names his wife Elizabeth, sons George and Aaron; 
daughter Mary and Ambrose Powell, her husband, son William, 


daughter Hannah Cave [she was the wife of Benjamin Cave, 
burgess for Orange, 1756, &c. , and ancestor of Vice President 
R. M. Johnson], the children of his deceased son Moses; daugh- 
ter Mills Wetherell (wife of George W. ) and Munford. Joseph 
who was not named in the will, was probably Rev. Joseph Bled- 
soe, father of Hon. Jesse Bledsoe, United States Senator from 

7 Hancock and Richard Taylor, sons of Zachary Taylor, of 
Orange county, were among the first Americans to descend the 
Ohio and Mississippi. They made this trip from Pittsburg to New 
Orleans in 1769. The first named was mortally wounded by an 
Indian in 1774. The latter served in the Revolution as lieuten- 
ant-colonel, 9th Virginia regiment; removed to Kentucky in 
1785, and was the father of President Zachary Taylor. 

8 This was probably General Joseph Martin. 

9 Mordecai Hord, a native of Caroline county, and son of John 
Hord, the emigrant of the family to Virginia, removed to south 
west Virginia. He married Miss Carr. The son, Colonel Wil- 
liam Hord, was member of the Tennessee legislature from Haw- 
kins county. 

The Will of Mrs. Mary Willing Byrd, of Westover, 
1813, with a List of the Westover Portraits. 

[Mrs. Mary Willing Byrd, whose will is here printed, was born 
in 1740, and died in 1814. She was the daughter of Charles and 
Anne (Shippen) Willing, of Philadelphia. She married Janu- 
ary 29, 1 76 1, Colonel William Byrd, of " Westover," Charles 
City county, Virginia, being his second wife. His first was 
Elizabeth Hill daughter of John Carter, of " Shirley." During 
the Revolution, the British forces were several times at West- 
over, and as Mrs. Byrd had acquaintances in the English army, 
and was nearly related to Benedict Arnold's wife, various com- 
munications passed between her and the enemy, which were at 
the time thought to be treasonable. Whether Mrs. Byrd ex- 
ceeded the bounds of friendly intercourse, and if so, to what 


extent, cannot now be determined. There can be no doubt that 
many persons at the time thought she was guilty of treasonable 
correspondence; but she denied, with indignation, the charges 
against her; and Lossing, in his Field Book of the Revolution, 
states that it was discovered that she was certainly innocent. In 
February, 1781, all of Mrs. Byrd's letters and papers were seized 
by the American officers. It does not appear that any decisive 
action was taken in her case. The Cal. of Va. State Papers, I, 
599; and II, 312, contain letters from Mrs. Byrd in regard to her 
case. Arthur Lee, in a letter to Colonel Bland, March 21st, 
1 78 1, says: " In this situation it need not surprise you that Ar- 
nold, with a handful of bad troops, should march about the 
country, take and destroy what he pleased, feast with his tory 
friends, settle a regular Correspondence with them, which he 
carried on for some time in vessels sent up the river and unno- 
ticed, till one happening to run aground, discovered Mrs Byrd's 
correspondence, which, however, will produce neither good to 
us nor injury to her. I have reason to think she will not be 
tried at all, because care having been taken to keep the witnesses 
out of the way." ( Campbell' s History of Virginia, p. 711.) 

Chastellux, writing of a visit in the year 1782, says: " That 
[the residence], of Mrs. Bird, to which I was going, surpasses 
them all in the magnificence of the buildings, the beauty of its sit- 
uation, and the pleasures of society. 

" Mrs. Bird is the widow of a Colonel who served in the war 
of 1756, and was afterwards one of the Council under the Brit- 
ish Government. His talents, his personal qualities, and his 
riches, for he possessed an immense territory, rendered him one 
of the principal personages of the country; but being a spend- 
trift and a gambler, he left his affairs at his death, in very great 
disorder. He had four children by his first wife, who were al- 
ready settled in the world, and has left eight by his second, 
of whom the widow takes care. She has preserved his beautiful 
house, situated on James River, a large personal property, a 
considerable number of slaves, and some plantations, which she 
has rendered valuable. She is about two and forty, with an 
agreeable countenance, and great sense. Four of her eight 
children are daughters, two of whom are near twenty, and thev 
are all amiable and well educated. Her care and activity have 


in some measure repaired the effects of her husband's dissipa- 
tion, and her house is still the most celebrated, and the most 
agreeable of the neighborhood. She has experienced however 
fresh misfortunes; three times have the English landed at West- 
over, under Arnold and Cornwallis ; and though these visits cost 
her dear, her husband's former attachment to England, where 
his eldest son is now serving in the army, her relationship to 
Arnold, whose cousin german she is, and perhaps too, the jeal- 
ousy of her neighbours, have given birth to suspicions, that war 
alone was not the object which induced the English always to 
make their descents at her habitation. She has been accused 
even of connivance with them, and the government have once 
put their seal upon her papers; but she has braved the tempest, 
and defended herself with firmness; and though her affair be not 
yet terminated, it does not appear as if she was likely to suffer 
any other inconvenience than that of being disturbed and sus- 
pected. Her two eldest daughters passed the last winter at 
Williamsburg, where they were greatly complimented by M. de 
Rochambeau and tne whole army."] 

In the name of God Amen. I Mary Byrd of Westover of 
the County of Charles city, Virginia, being of sound mind and 
memory do make this my last will and testament. I resign my 
soul into the hands of its unerring Creator in full hope of its 
eternal happiness through the mercy of my God, and the media- 
tion of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, and secondly I desire 
that my body may be privately buried by the grave of my dear 

Item. I give and bequeathe to my daughter Maria Hosman- 
den Page 1 all my interest in ten shares of the Virginia Bank, to 
enjoy the interest during her life, and to be equally divided at 
her death, between my dear 2 Sarah Walker Page, Aby Page and 
their four brothers. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my said daughter M. H. Page 
the engravings which represent the offering of Abraham and all 
other engravings she may chuse to have, one excepted, all the 
furniture in my chamber, except a bed, a mattress, and a small 
table, chair, and a piece of shell work including the cabinet, my 
bedstead and curtains (the feather bed and mattress I shall give 


to Richard, the other three articles I shall give to my G. daugh- 
ter Evelyn Page 3 ). 

Item. I give and bequeath to my said daughter M. H. Page 
the red damask bed and the bedstead belonging to it with the 
handsomest Virginia cloth counterpoint not worked and blankets 
and also the red and white chair covers. 

Item. I give to my said daughter M. H. Page the portrait of 
her honored father, 4 and one of myself, and also one of the 
Dutches of Montaigne, 5 also two fire screens and six of my longest 
and best table cloths, and one green chair. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter 6 Evelyn Taylor 
Byrd Harrison my bible and new testament, and my celleret with 
a green chair, and agreeably to her Sister Ann's wish the por- 
trait of her Aunt Evelyn. 6a I thank God she and her children 
are well provided for. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my amiable son 7 John Page of 
Frederick a portrait of his dear 8 wife and myself. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son 9 Thomas Taylor Byrd 
one of his brother John, 10 and one of himself, and also a green 
chair for the vise of my very dear daughter his wife. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my G. son Benja. Harrison my 
set of dining tables in the dining room at this time. 

Item. I give and bequeath to " Mrs. Braxton the portrait of 
her father 12 Mr. Charles Carter and also an engraving of a fine 
head which hangs between two windows in the North East room. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my friend Mrs. Ann Lee the 
picture of a little girl with which she was pleased as a small 
token of my affection. 

Item. I give and bequeathe unto Mrs. Eliz a Randolph the 
portraits of 13 Col. Peter Randolph & lady. 

Item. I give and bequeath to Mrs. Ann Corbin u the picture 
of her mother Mrs. Maria Beverley 15 as a small testimony of the 
esteem I feel for her. 

Item. I give and bequeath to Miss Elizabeth Royster a negro 
man named Jack to her and her heirs forever, and for whom I 
have had a bill of sale recorded. I also give her the bed on which 
she lies, bedding and the bedstead called Evelyn's, with half a 
doz: chairs and one walnut dressing table, I also give her one 
hundred dollars. 


Item. If Miss E. Royster should continue to live with me while 
I remain in this world, it is my wish and desire that my execu- 
tors pay her three hundred dollars in addition to the above legacy 
with my best wishes for her happiness. 

Item. I will and bequeath to my son 16 Charles Willing Byrd 
his man Ned to him and his heirs forever. I also give him my 
clock, a set of knives and forks with silver hafts, a set of castors, 
the laddie and one doz. large table spoons, I also give my said 
son ten portraits, to-wit: •" Mr, Waltho, one of Titian, 18 one of 
Rubins, 19 one of his G. father Byrd 20 and six of his particular 
friends, viz': Lord Orrery, 21 Sir Wilfried Lawson, 22 L a Oxford, 23 
the marquis of Hallifax, 24 the Duke of Argyle, 25 and Sir Robert 
Southall, 26 it is my will and desire, that if my said son shall find 
it inconvenient to carry these portraits to his house, that they 
shall be equally divided between his two brothers, 2 Richard and 
28 William Byrd, and that a handsome silver coffee pot that will 
hold at least two pints and a half with a tea pot, be purchased 
and presented to him by them, in lieu thereof. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Rich'd Willing Byrd, 
Jack Perry to him and his heirs forever, I also give him a pair of 
candlesticks, a quart mug, a salver, two salt sellers, with their 
spoons, and all the table spoons, except one dozen as above 
mentioned, and two raguel spoons, one marrow spoon, and a 
skewer, I also give my said son my urn (all these articles are of 
silver) being the particular desire of his Sister. 

Item. I also give my said son nine portraits, to-wit: his hon- 
ored father's 29 picture at full length, it hangs in the passage; his 
G. father's 30 that hangs in the South East room below stairs, 
and the portrait of his first 31 and second 32 wife and five of his 
particular friends and favorites, vizt: Mrs. Taylor, 83 Lady Betty 
Southwell, 34 Ld. Egmont, 35 Sir Charles Wager, 3 " and Mr. Brent. 37 

Item. I give my said son his choice of a pair of horses if M. 
W. Nelson does not chuse to have a pair for the use of himself 
and sisters. 

Item. I give and' bequeath to my son William Powl Byrd, 
Prank, and his wife Fanny, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my said son, W. P. Byrd, a 
pair of candlesticks, a quart mug, a salver, a fish trowel, two ra- 


goul spoons, one doz. desert spoons, together with a candlestick 
which was his G. Grandfathers all of silver. 

Item. I likewise give him a pier glass with the family arms 
painted on it, I also give him two pair of andirons one of them 
belonging to the dining, and the other to the S. West chamber 
below stairs. I also give my said son mv best mattress and best 
English ticken bed, bolster, pillows and bedding. 

Item. I give to my said son a pair of my best mules. 

Item. I also give him eight portraits, to-wit: One of his G. 
Father, 38 one of Mr. Dutton, 39 one of Mr. Blaithwhite,' 10 one of 
Lady Betty Cromwell, 41 one of his Aunt Carter, 42 one of his 
Aunt Maria Carter, 43 one of Mr. Blunt 44 and one of General 
Park. 45 

Item. I give and bequeath to my G. daughter Mary Willing 
Nelson, 46 all of my furniture in the North West room below 
stairs in addition to her own bedstead and curtains, and the pic- 
ture of her papa, 47 the larger, the new Virginia cloth bed ticken, 
and the bedding, also the press in the passage up stairs, the best 
easy chair, the commode, a green chair to work on, a table that 
holds her petrifaction now standing in the South West room, 
and her bedstead now in my room. 

Item. I give and bequeath to My G. Daughter Evelyn Byrd 
Page all my furniture in the South West chamber, the pictures, 
the andirons, and damask bed and bedding. I also give 
my said G. daughter my work table, chair, belonging to it, a 
piece of shell work, two birds drawn by myself, and a set of 
china (green and white, the portraits of her aunt Skipwith, 48 
with six chairs of her chusing ; her bed is now making up. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my G. daughter Abby Nelson 
all my furniture that belongs to the North West chamber up 
stairs. I also give her my wardrobe, and the picture of her 
uncle William Byrd, the elder, 49 with one of the pier glasses that 
hangs in the dining room, the tea table in the S. East room below 
stairs, and her chest of drawers, which belongs to the north 
west room, and one green chair to work on, and my second 
best Virginia tick bed, bedding and Mattress. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my G daughter Lucy Nel- 
son, 50 the portrait of my honored mother, 51 as I find it was the 
particular wish of my lamented daughter, and my worked coun- 


ter point with the bedsteads and curtains belonging to the S. 
West room up two pair of stairs, with my press which now 
stands in the passage, with two low bedsteads and beds to all 
three bedsteads. 

Item.. I give and bequeath to my G. daughter Ann Rosalie 
Nelson, a pier glass which hangs in the dining room, also her 
choice of two low bedsteads with feather beds and bedding, four 
green chairs, I confirm the right given her by my daughter to 
her bedstead curtains, &c. &c. in the S. west chamber, with all it 
contains, the chest of drawers excepted, which is the property 
of her sister M. W. Nelson: 1 also give her my silver slop 
bowl, and tea spoons, and my small table. 

Item. It is my will and desire that my executors advertise and 
sell all that remains of the real and personal estate of my testator 
agreeably to his last will and testament. 

Item. It is my will and request that my executors retain so 
much from the sales of the personal estate of my testator, as_shall 
be sufficient to discharge the balance of the debt due me from 
the estate as settled by the Commissioners, in my administration 
account, who were appointed by the court of Charles City. I 
am undoubtedly the first creditor, having paid debts of the first 
dignity out of — own estate, and such only have I brought into 
my account with the estate. 

Item. I give and bequeath to all my G. sons the interest I 
have in the Dismal Swamp to be equally divided between them 

Item. It is my wish that my executors dispose of all my 
crops that may be on hand or may be growing (when severed 
from the land) and after reserving the money due me principal 
and interest from the estate, and other outstanding debts, the 
balance is to be divided into four equal parts. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Maria Horsman- 
den Page one fourth of all my property so described. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Charles Willing Byrd 
of West Union, Ohio, one fourth of all my property in the hands 
of my executors. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Richard Willing Byrd, 
of Smithfield one fourth of the above named sum. 


Item. I give and bequeath to my son William Powel Byrd, of 
Gloucester the remaining fourth part. 

Item. It is my will and desire that a reservation of the church 
land be made when Westover is sold. I refer my executors to 
the green book of records. 

Item. It is my will and desire that my faithful maid Jenny 
Harris be emancipated whenever she may chuse it. I give and 
bequeath to her a small bedstead, bed, bedding and cui tains be- 
longing to it, and such of my wearing apparel as my children 
may think proper for her to have, I have the fullest confidence 
that they will not let her want any of the comforts of life. 

Item. And lastly I appoint my sons John Page of Frederick, 
Richard Willing Byrd of Smithfield, William Page of Frederick 
and Benjamin Harrison of Berkeley, Charles City, Executors of 
this my last will and testament, to which I have assigned my 

hand and affixed my seal this of December one thousand 

eight hundred and thirteen. 

Mary Byrd. [Seal.] 

In presence of Dunbar Gordon. 

At a court held for Charles City County at the Courthouse the 
20 day of April, 1814, the aforementioned last will and testament 
of Mary Byrd deceased was presented in court and proved by 
the oath of Dunbar Gordon, and there being no other subscrib- 
ing witness to the same, Patrick Hendren, Charles Wilson and 
Edward Folkes were sworn and severally deposed that they are 
well acquainted with the handwriting of the testatrix and verily 
believe the said will and the name thereto subscribed to be wholly 
written by the testatrix own hand, whereupon the said will is 
ordered to be recorded and at a — other court held for said county 
as aforesaid the 18 day of August, then next ensueing, on the 
motion of Richard W. Byrd, one of the executors named in 
the said will who made oath thereto according to law and together 
with William P. Byrd, Cary Wilkinson and Patrick Hendren 
his securities entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty 
of one hundred thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs, 
certificate is granted him for obtaining a probat of said will in 
due form, Liberty being reserved the other executors named in the 
said will to join in the probat when they shall think fit, and at 


another court held for said county as aforesaid the 17 day of 
November, 181 5, on the motion of William Page another of the 
executors named in the said will who took the oath of an execu- 
tor, and with Benjamin Harrison and John Page sen r his securities 
entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of one 
hundred thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs, certifi- 
cate is granted the said Page to be joined in the probat of said 

A copy Teste: J. E. Major, Clerk 

of Charles City County Court Va. 


'Maria Horsmanden Byrd, born November 26, 1761, married 
in 1784, John Page, of " Pagebrook," Frederick (now Clarke) 

2 Sarah Walker Page married in 1815, Major Thomas Nelson, 
of Mecklenburg county, Va. 

3 Evelyn Page is not named in "The Page Family," among 
the children of John Page. 

4 Colonel William Byrd, of Westover, third of the name. 
This portrait is owned by Mrs. Bevan, of Hazlewood, Clarke 
county, a great granddaughter of Mrs. Maria Page. 

5 Probably Mary, daughter of John, Duke of Marlborough, 
and wife of John, second Duke of Montague. Portrait now 
owned by Mrs. Bevan. 

6 Evelyn Taylor Byrd, born October 13, 1766, died , 

daughter of Colonel William and Mrs. Mary Byrd; married 
Benjamin Harrison, of "Brandon." 

6a Evelyn, daughter of Colonel William Byrd, 2d, by his first 
marriage, died unmarried, November 13, 1737, in her twenty- 
ninth year. Portrait at Brandon. 

7 John Page, of " Pagebrook." Second son of Robert Page, 
of " Broadneck," Hanover county, was born June 29, 1760, 
and died September 17, 1838. 

8 There is a portrait of a Maria Byrd at Upper Brandon. 

9 Thomas Taylor Byrd, born January 17, 1752; married Mary 


10 John Carter Byrd, born January 27, 1 7 5 1 ; married the widow 
of William Randolph, of "Wilton," and d. s. p. This portrait 
is owned by Mr. George H. Byrd, of New York, who also has 
that of Thomas Taylor Byrd. 

11 Mary, daughter of Charles Carter, of " Shirley," born 1763, 
married George Braxton. 

12 Charles Carter, of "Shirley," born 1732, died 1806; mem- 
ber of the first State Council in 1776. Brother of the first wife 
of Colonel William Byrd, 3d. This portrait is believed to be 
owned by a descendant of the Braxton family. 

13 Colonel Peter Randolph, of " Chatsworth," Henrico county; 
member of the Council, and Receiver-General of the customs; 
married Lucy, daughter of Robert Boiling. Mr. E. C. Mayo, 
of Richmond, owns portraits of these two persons. A portrait 
of Mrs. Lucy (Boiling) Randolph, formerly at Chatsworth, is now 
owned by Mrs. Landonia Minor, of Richmond. 

14 Ann, wife of Francis Corbin, and daughter of Robert Bev- 
erly, of " Blandfield," Essex, and his wife Maria Carter. 

15 Maria, daughter of Landon Carter, of " Sabine Hall," Rich- 
mond county, and wife of Robert Beverley. Her mother was 
Maria, daughter of Colonel William Byrd, 2d. The present 
ownership of this portrait is unknown. 

16 Charles Willing Byrd, born July 6, 1770, was United States 
Judge in Ohio; married Sarah Meade. 

17 Nathaniel Walthoe was clerk of the General Assembly in 
1744, and died April 1772, leaving his sister Henrietta, and his 
nieces Mary and Martha Hart, all of Great Britain, his heirs. 
The portrait at Brandon. 

18 There is owned in California a Venus from the Westover col- 
lection, said to be this picture by Titian. 

19 Mrs! Bevan, of Clarke county, owns a portrait of a man, 
from the Westover collection, said to be by Reubens. 

20 This was of course Colonel William Byrd, 2d. This por- 
trait at Brandon. 

21 Charles Boyle, fourth Earl of Orrery, who, in the epitaph of 
William Byrd, 2d, is spoken of as his friend, died in 1731. Por- 
trait at Brandon. 

22 Probably Sir Wilfred Lawson, third baronet, of Brayton, 


Cumberland, who was Member Parliament for Cockemouth, 
groom of the bedchamber to George I, and died 1737. Portrait 
owned by Mrs. Randal, Baltimore. 

23 Probably the celebrated statesman, Robert Harley, Earl of 
Oxford, who died July 1,1717. Present ownership of the por- 
trait not known. 

2 * Probably the eminent statesman, Charles Montague, Earl of 
Halifax, who died in 17 15. Portrait at Brandon. 

25 John, second Duke of Argyle, who died in 1743. He held 
a prominent position as a statesman and as a soldier, but is now 
best known as "Jennie Deans' s Duke of Argyle." Portrait at 

26 Sir Robert Southwell, born 1635, died 1702, was a diplo- 
matist of note, and was for five years President of the Royal • 
Society. William Byrd, 2d, was educated under his care and 
direction. Portrait at Brandon. 

27 Richard Willing Byrd, born October, 1774, resided in Isle 
of Wight county, and was member of the House of Delegates. 
Died at Westover, October, 1815. He married first, Lucy, 
daughter of Benjamin Harrison, of " Brandon; " secondly, Emily 

28 William Powell Byrd, of Gloucester county, married Susan, 
daughter of Addison Lewis, of Gloucester county. 

29 Colonel William Byrd, 3d, of Westover. This is the second 
portrait of his named, one of the two, is, as has been stated, 
owned by Mrs. Bevan. The ownership of the other is unknown. 

30 Colonel William Byrd, 2d. This is the second portrait of 
him mentioned. Onwership unknown. 

31 Lucy, daughter of Colonel Daniel Parke, Jr. Owned by 
Mrs. Stewart, of " Brook Hill," Henrico Co., Va. 

32 Mary, daughter of Thomas Taylor, of Kensington, England; 
married Colonel William Byrd, 2d, of Westover; died April 28, 
1771. Owned by Mrs. Bevan. 

33 Sister or sister-in-law of Mrs. Mary (Taylor) Byrd. Portrait 
at Brandon. 

34 Sir Robert Southwell married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Edward Dering, " a very pretty woman," according to Pepys. 


Ownership of portrait not known. There was at Brandon the 
portrait of " Mrs. Sutherland." 

33 This portrait at Brandon, is, probably correctly called Lord 
Egmont. No doubt John Percival, first Earl of Egmont (1683- 

36 Sir Charles Wager (1663-1743) a distinguished naval officer 
of the reign of Anne. Portrait at Brandon. 

37 The subject of this portrait cannot be identified, nor is the 
present ownership known. 

38 A third portrait of Colonel William Byrd, 2d. Its where- 
abouts not known. Perhaps this maybe the picture at Brandon. 

39 Owned by Mrs. Randal, Balcimore. 

40 Doubtless William Blaithwayt, Auditor General for America. 
Ownership of portrait not known. 

41 Otherwise called, at present, Lady Claypole. Portrait at 
Brandon. She was daughter of Oliver Cromwell. 

42 Anne, daughter William Byrd, 2d, born February 5, 1725, 
died September 11, 1757, married Charles Carter, of "Cleve." 
Ownership of portrait not known. 

43 Maria Byrd, sister of preceding, born January 26, 1727, 
died September 29, 1744, married Landon Carter, of "Sabine 
Hall." Ownership not known. 

44 Probably a mistake for " Miss Blunt." There is a portrait 
at Upper Brandon, said to be of Patty Blount, the friend of Pope. 

45 Daniel Parke, Jr. , son of Colonel Daniel Parke, of the Vir- 
ginia Council, was born 1669 and killed in Antigua in 17 10. Aid 
to Marlborough at Blenheim, and Governor of the Leeward Is- 
lands. His daughter Lucy married Colonel William Byrd, 2d. 

46 Daughter of Judge William Nelson and his wife Abby, 

daughter of Colonel William Byrd. She married Pickens, 

of South Carolina. 

47 William Nelson, Judge of District Court of Virginia; died 
in 181 3, age about 59. Ownership of portrait not known. 

48 Elizabeth Hill Byrd, born November 29, 1754, married first 
James Parke Farley; second, Rev. John Dunbar; third, Colonel 
Henry Skipwith, and died in Williamsburg, August 6, 1819. 
Ownership of portrait not known. 

49 William Byrd, born August 2, 1749, was a lieutenant in the 


17th (English) regiment, and died while traveling in France, July, 
1771. Portrait at Upper Brandon. Another was at Brandon; 
but was stolen by Federal Soldiers. 

50 Lucy, daughter of Judge William Nelson; married Benja- 
min Harrison of "Berkeley." 

51 Mrs. Ann (Shippen ) Willing, of Philadelphia. Portrait 
owned by Mrs. Bevan. 

In addition to the portraits named in this will there is a portrait 
of William Byrd, 1st, owned by Mrs. Geo. B. Harrison, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and a portrait of " Lord Albermarle," at Brandon. 


Third Paper — Contributed by J. B. Henneman. 

140. 1867 — 1873. Rev. Robert Lewis Dabney, D. D., LL. 
D., of Prince Edward. About class of '40. Chaplain C. S. A. 
Professor in Union Theological Seminary (1853-1883), like 109; 
Acting Professor of Moral Philosophy in the College in place of 
President, 1856-7. Co-pastor of the College Church (1858- 
1874), together with his colleague and brother-in-law (they mar- 
ried sisters), Rev. Benjamin Mosby Smith (class of '29), pro- 
fessor in Union Theological Seminary, 1 854-1 892; member of 
Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 840-1 847. [The latter 
was nephew of wives of 36, 47; cousin of 60, 61; uncle of 171; 
father-in-law of Rev. Parke P. Flournoy, D. D., assistant pro- 
fessor in the College, 1863- 1864; of Professor Addison Hogue, 
of the College, 18721-886, and of Rev. John W. Rosebro, D. 
D., member of Board of Union Theological Seminary.] Author 
of " Life of Stonewall Jackson," " Defence of Virginia and the 
South," "Theology," "Sacred Rhetoric," " Sensualistic Phi- 
losophy," several volumes of "Miscellanies," including me- 
moirs of his colleague, Rev. Francis S. Sampson, D, D., and of 
Colonel John T. Thornton, 122. His son, Charles William Dab- 
ney, Ph. D., LL. D., has been president of the Umiversity of 
Tennessee from 1887. 


141. 1867 ■ Rev. Alexander White Pitzer, D. D., of" 

Washington, D. C. Class of '54. Pastor of Central Church, 
from 1868. Author on religious subjects. 

142. 1867 . Hon. William Wirt Henry, of "Red 

Hill," Charlotte, and Richmond. C. S. A. Member of House 
of Delegates. Grandson of 14; great grandson of 6 and 16. 
Married to daughter of 92, granddaughter of 59 and great grand- 
daughter of 27. Author of "Life of Patrick Henry," 3 vols. 
Sometime president of the American Historical Association. 
Frequent contributor on subjects connected with the history of 

143. 1867 . Rev. Philip Barbour Price, of Richmond 

and Botetourt. Kinsman (?) of 172. Formerly co-editor of the 
Central Presbyterian, Richmond. 

144. 1867 — 1881. Dr. William L. Stamps, of Milton, North 

145. 1867 — 1897. Captain Samuel Woodson Venable, of 
Petersburg. Class of '42. C. S. A. Great grandson 6, 9, 25; 
grandson of 21 (for whom he was named), 41; grandnephew of 
33) 37. 45. 53: son °f 74! nephew of wives of 48, 49, 54, 70; 
brother of 168 and of Professor Charles Scott Venable, of the 
College (class of '42, tutor 1843-1845; professor 1846-1855); 
sometime chairman of the University of Virginia; brother-in-law 
of 105; father of 193. Was married to kinswoman of 6, etc. 

146. 186S (died). Rev. James McChain, of Abingdon, vice 
Dr. J. W. Wilson, resigned. 

147. 1869 — 1879. Rev. Daniel Blain Ewing, D. D. , of Pu- 
laski, vice Rev. James McChain, deceased. 

148. 1869 — 1870 William M. Tredway, of Pittsylvania, vice 
Dr. W. T. Walker. Class of '59 (?) Kinsman (?) of 90, 132, 

149. 1870 — 1 87 1. Rev. Abner Crump Hopkins, D. D., of 
Charlestown, West Va., vice Rev. William H. Foote. Class of 
'55. Chaplain, C. S. A. Connection of President John M. P. 
Atkinson, of the College (1857-1883). Member of Board of 
Union Theological Seminary. 

150. 1870 — 1883. Rev. Richard Mcllwaine, D. D., of Lynch- 
burg and Baltimore, vice Dr. P. R. Berkeley. Class of '53. 
Chaplain, C. S. A. Pastor of same church as 70 and 182. From 


1883 President of Hampden-Sidney College, like 39, 47, 70, 86, 
93, 96, 125. Son of 116; brother of. 133. He and his brother, 
133, married to sisters. Married to daughter of Clement Car- 
rington Read, of Farmville; member of Board of Union The- 
ological Seminary, 1834-1871, and its secretary, 1847-1871; 
niece of 88, 161; of wives of 95, 101; and of Nicholas C. Read, 
member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 838-1 848; 
granddaughter of 49, 59; grandniece of wives of 41, 48, 54, 70; 
great-granddaughter of 21, 27; great-great-granddaughter of 6 
and 9. Father of Clement Read Mcllwaine, author of sketch 
of the College in Herbert B. Adams' "Thomas Jefferson and 
the University of Virginia; " uncle of Prof. Henry Read Mcll- 
waine, of chair of English and History in the College from 1893. 

151. 1870 — 1898. Colonel John Paterson Fitzgerald, of 
Farmville. Class of '57. Lieutenant-Colonel, C. S. A. Son 
of 98; kinsman of 62. Married to niece of 126; granddaughter 
of 53; great-granddaughter of 9; great-great-granddaughter of 
6 and 16. Secretary and Treasurer of the College, 1 885-1 898. 
Also member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, and its 
Secretary and Treasurer, 1 885-1 898, successor in these offices to 

152. 1870 — 1891. Major Charles Scott Carrington, of Rich- 
mond and Halifax, vice J. Finley Mcllwaine. Class of '39. C. 
S. A. President of James River and Kanawha Canal. Also 
member of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1 848-1 855. 
Great-grandson of 6, 25; grandson of 41 (for whom named like 
his cousin and brother-in-law — they married sisters — Professor 
Charles Scott Venable) and 46; son of 67; nephew of 76, 85, 
101 ; great-nephew of 42, 75. Father-in-law of Prof. William 
Spencer Currell of the College (1882-1886). 

153. 1870 . Rev. Thomas W. Hooper, of Christians- . 

burgh, vice W. M. Tredway. Class of '55. Chaplain, C. S. A. 
Author of Sermons. 

154. 1871 . Rev. George Williamson Finley, D, D., of 

Romney, West Virginia, and Augusta county, vice Rev. A. C. 
Hopkins. Class of '58. Captain, C. S. A. Member of Board 
of Union Theological Seminary, and the President of its Board. 

J 55- l8 73 (resigned). Major Joseph Cloyd, of Pulaski, vice 
T. E. Perkinson. 


156. 1873 . Rev. Matthew Lyle Lacy, D. D., of Lew- 

isburg and Sink Grove, West Virginia, vice Rev. R. L. Dabney. 
Class of '53. Grandson of 44, 47; also named for 44; nephew 
of 60; cousin of 125; kinsman of 171. Married to granddaugh- 
ter of 59; great-grandaughter of 27 and 12. His brother, Dr. 
Horace P. Lacy, has been physician to the College, from 1894. 

1876. Centennial of the College commemorated. Historical 
address on the early Presidents and Trustees of the College, by 
Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, of Charlotte. (He was married to 
daughter of 42, niece of 46, 75; granddaughter of 6 and 27, 
grandniece of ro; cousin of 67, 76, 85, 101, etc., and was thus 
brother-in-law to 102). 

157. 1876 — 1881. Colonel William L. Owen, of Halifax. 
Member of House of Delegates. Connected (?) with Carring- 
ton family above. 

158. 1876 — 1887. John L. Weeks, of Baltimore. 

159. 1876 — 1891. Rev. Edward Hammet Barnett, D. D., of 
Abingdon, and Atlanta, Georgia. Class of '61. Captain, C. 
S. A. Professor-elect in Union Theological Seminary, 1892. 

160. 1876 — 1877. James Vass Brooke, of Warrenton. Mem- 
ber of the House of Delegates. 1871-3; State Senate, 1877-81; 
died, 1898. 

161. 1877 — 1889. William Watkins Read, of " Greenfield," 
Charlotte, vice David Comfort (brother-in-law). Class of '40. 
Great-grandson of 6 and 9; grandson of 21 ; grandnephew of 10; 
son of 49; nephew of wife of 41, 48, 54, 70; brother of 88 and 
of Clement Carrington Read, and Nicholas C. Read, members 
of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1834-187 1 and 1838- 
1848, respectively; brother-in-law to 95, 101, who married his 
sisters; uncle of wives of 133, 150. He was married to daughter 
of 75, granddaughter of 55 and .6, great-granddaughter of 16. 

162. 1877 (died). Colonel William Randolph Berkeley, of 
Farmville, vice J. V. Brooke. Class of "58. Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel, C. S. A. Son of 103; grandson of 56; great-great-grand- 
son (?) of 27. Brother of 163. Also member of Board of the 
University of Virginia, 187 2-1 875. 


163. 1878 — 1894. Robert Blair Berkeley, of Farmyille, vice 
William R. Berkeley. Class of '6i. C. S. A. Son of 103; 
grandson of 56; great-great-grandson (?) of 27. 

164. 1879 — 1892. Rev. James 5 Minor Rawlings, D. D., of 
Lynchburg and Charlottesville, vice J. H. Flood. C. S. A. 
Connected with the family of Prof. Lewis Littlepage Holladay, 
of the College (1 855-1 891). Chaplain of the University of Vir- 
ginia; President of the Southwestern Presbyterian University, 
Clarksville, Tennessee, 1892. 

165. 1880 (resigned). Colonel Bennett H. Young, of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. 

166. 1881 — 1897. Hon. John Lawrence Marye, of Freder- 
icksburg. C. S. A. Member of House of Delegates; member 
of Convention of 1867. Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia, 1870- 
1873. His brother, Lawrence S. Marye, former student of the 
College, (not himself) was son-in-law of 64 (as stated page 182). 

167. 1881 — 1886. General John Echols, of Staunton. Maj.- 
General, C. S. A. Member of House of Delegates; member of 
Convention of 1861; Also member of the Board of Washington 
and Lee University, from 1869. 

168. 1883 . Paul Carrington Venable, of Danville. 

Class of '57. C. S. A. Great-grandson of 6, 9, 25 and named 
for 6; grandson of 21, 41; grandnephew of 33, 37, 45, 53; son 
of 74; nephew of wives of 48, 49, 54, 70; brother of 145 and of 
Prof. Charles Scott Venable, of the College (1 846-1 855); brother- 
in-law of 105; uncle of 193. 

169. 1885 . Hon. Philip Watkins McKinney, of Farm- 

ville. Class of '51. Captain, C. S. A. Member of House of 
Delegates. Governor of Virginia, 1890-1893. Kinsman (grand- 
son ?) of 69; married, second, to the granddaughter of 44 and 
cousin of 156. Uncle of Charles McKinney, tutor in the Col- 
lege, 1890-91. 

170. 1885 . Judge William Hodges Mann, of Nottoway. 

C. S. A. County judge. 

171. 1886 — 1894. Rev. Herbert H. Hawes, D. D., of Staun- 
ton, and Bluefield, West Virginia. Kinsman of 60, 61, 125, 156. 

172. 1886 — 1892. Hon. Philip Pendleton Barbour, of Or- 
ange. Class of '59. Captain, C. S. A. Kinsman (?) of 143. 

173. 1886 — 1889. Hon. James Hoge Tyler, of Pulaski. 


Governor of Virginia, 1898. Member of Board of Union The- 
ological Seminary. 

174. 1887 . Rev. William Urwick Murklarid, D. D., 

of Baltimore. Class of '62. C. S. A. Pastor of Franklin St. 
Church from 1870. 

175. 1S90 — 1895. Captain Robert B. Moorman, of Roa- 

176. 1890 . Henry Easley, of Halifax. C. S. A. Con- 
nected (?) with 157. 

177. 1892 — 1896. J. N. Cullingworth, of Richmond. 

178. 1892 . Hon. Samuel Lightfoot Flournoy, of Char- 
leston, West Va. Class of '68. C. S. A. Member of West 
Virginia Senate. Kinsman of 126, of wife of 151, and of Rev. 
Parke Poindexter Flournoy, D. D., assistant professor in the 
College, 1863-64. 

179. 1892 (resigned). Major Richard Morton Venable, of 
Baltimore. Class of '57. C. S. A. Professor of law in the 
University of Maryland. Great-grandson of 9, 23; grandson of 
37; grandnephew of 21, 33, 53; kinsman of the numerous mem- 
bers of the Venable family on the Board. 

180. 1892 — 1895. Rev. James Isaac Vance, D. D., of Nor- 
folk and Nashville, Tenn. Successor as Pastor to 128, who in 
turn followed 118. Brother-in-law of Prof. W. S. Currell, of 
College (1882-1886). 

181. 1893 (resigned). Colonel J. Egenton Hogg, of New- 

182. 1894 . Rev. Frank Talbot McFaden, of Lynch- 
burg. Class of '86. Pastor of Church founded by 70, like 150. 
Brother-in-law of Prof. Willis Henry Bocock, of the College 
(1886-1889), and of Rev. Philip D. Stephenson, D. D., mem- 
ber of Board of Union Theological Seminary, 1891 (they mar- 
ried sisters — kinswomen of 79, and of President J. M. P. Atkinson 
of the College, 1 857-1 883.) 

183. 1895 (resigned). William Alexander, of New York. 
Grandson of 39; grandnephew of 55; great-grandnephew of 6 
and 16; and thus related to members of the Cabell and Carring- 
ton families on the Board. Son of Rev. James Waddell Alex- 
ander, pastor of churches in Charlotte and Prince Edward 
(1826-1828), like father of the latter, 39. [See James W. Alex- 


ander's Letters. ,] Brother of Rev. Henry Carrington Alexander, 
D. D., LL. D., who was also pastor of Charlotte and Prince 
Edward churches like father and grandfather; member' of Board 
of Union Theological Seminary, 1 867-1 869; professor in Union 
Theological Seminary, 1869-1891; acting professor in the Col- 
lege, 1891; and author of "Life" of his uncle, Rev. J. Addi- 
son Alexander, D. D. His grandfather (39), Rev. Archibald 
Alexander, D. D., LL. D., was the first Director, 181 2, and the 
first Professor in Princeton Theological Seminary, 1812-1851. 
Dr. Archibald Alexander also declined a second election to the 
Presidency of Hampden-Sidney College in 1820, upon the death 
of Dr. Moses Hoge, the elder. Two sons were likewise pro- 
fessors both in Princeton College and in Princeton Theological 
Seminary (the father of 183); Rev. James Waddell Alexander, 
D. D., in College, 1 833-1 844; in Seminary, 1 849-1 851; Rev. 
[oseph Addison Alexander, D. D., in College, 1830-1833, in 
Seminary, 18^5-1860. The biography of the latter was written 
by his nephew, Rev. Henry Carrington Alexander, D. D.,.and 
the biography of Dr. Archibald Alexander, by his son Rev. 
James W. Alexander, whose "Letters," for the years 1826- 
1828, contain delightful descriptions of Charlotte and Prince 
Edward life. 

184. 1895 (resigned). Christian Devries, of Baltimore. 



An inventory of all the S * * * and personal 
property of the hon'ble robert carter of the 
county of Lancaster Esq., Deceased, taken as di- 

(Continued from last number.). 

Horses, Mares and Colts, Vizt. 

Stone horses — Pompey, Jack. 

Geldens — Squirrel, howboy, Grey Diamond, Black Ditto, 
Smoaker, Billy, Gardener, Prince, Bob, Buckles, Conaway, 
Cook, Button, Willoughby, Brandey, Ball. 

Dolly, a mare & a mare colt. Lydia Do. & a horse colt. 
Margett Do. & a do. colt. 

Young" mares — Lucy, Sary, Deborah, Dorcas. 

3 horse colts, 18 mo. old. 2 mare Do. 18 mo. old. 1 ditto 
Do. 2 year & h. old. 

In the Nail Store. 
N. 7. and N. 8 a cask of neq. plains & 1 do. of Ironware. 

No. 4 ... 9 ) cask") 

7 ... 10 - 6-10 Casks. 

8 . . . nj • J 

No. 2 .... I 1 O. S. 

3 .... j ) Iron. 

No. 2 1 ) w 

12 1 1 


A. a cask of Flooring Brads. B. a ditto of Rusty nails of 
several sorts. C. a ditto of ditto ab't half full. D. a ditto of 
flooring Bradds, a Ct. half full. E. a Ditto of 10 d. nails ab't 
1 3d full. F. a Do. of 6 d. nails & a bagg of 6 d. Do. G. a 


Do. of 20 d. Do. H. a Do. of 10 d. Do. ab't half full & 2 par- 
cels Reap hooks. I. a Do. of Flooring Bradds. K. a Do. of 
6 d. nails. L. a do. of 8 d. Do. abt. ^ full. M. a Do. of 8 d. 
Do. abt. Y+ full. N. a Do. qt. & doz. English hilling hoes. 

O. a Do. qt. 6 doz. Do. Ditto. P. a Do. qt. 5 doz Do. 

weeding hoes. O. a Do. qt. 4 doz. Do. Ditto. R. A 

Do. qt. 13 doz, & 3 English hill hoes. S. a Do. qt. 3 doz. & 

10 Do. weeding do. T. a Do. qt. 6 doz. & 10 Do. narrow 

axes. V. a Do. qt. , vizt: 

4 crowstocks and F. irons, 12 papers 2d. nails, 6 chizzels, 6 
Round shares, 2 lathing hammers, 4 hovelling adzes, 4 cooper's 
adzes, 5 ditto screws, 2 p'r. ditto compasses, 2 pr. Carson Ditto, 
1 Ditto drawing knife, 30 small gimlets, 4 large ditto, 6 formers 
sorted, 5 pr. marking irons, 1 doz. dowelling bitts, 1 1 wimble 

N. 4. A cask qt. 5 doz. and 6 Eng. weed'g hoes. A cask 
qt. 38 Cart wheel Boxes. 

No. 4. A cask qt. 10 Baggs of shot sorted, 6 papers small 
bradds, 2 small Rubb-stones, 7 large Do. 

A cask qt. 1 in. 30 d. Nails. 

A chest qt. 

2 padd locks, 36 do. harps & 18 staples, 2 stock locks, 2 doz. 
Do. staples, 6 carpenters broad axes, 4 coopers do., 1 large mill 
Brass, 1 small do., 1 smoothing plain stock, 8 Do. Irons sorted, 
3 jointing irons, 6 smith's files sorted, 1 screw plate & 8 screw 

pins, 1 2 in. aug 1 , 7 1 in., % Do., 2 1 in., 

l 4 Do., 3 1 in. Do., 1 % in. Do., 5 

% in. Do. * * * Borers cluz Do. 

Trowels Do. 7 boxes for coach wheels, 5 pr. claw 

hammer clamps, 3 iron mill wheel clamps, 1 smiths large sledge 

hammer, 1 Doz. small Do. Do., 2 gauges, 1 pr. sheep 

shears, a parcel small nails, 2 mill pecks. 

Loose — 3 large sloop anchors, 2 long lead pipes, a Sloops new 
hauser, 1 mill Gudgeon and 2 Froggs, 6 doz. virg a hilling hoes, 
6 Virginia wedges, half a bagg 4" nails, a pd. of Rosin about 12 
pound, 27 Virginia Grubbing hoes, 16 ditto harrow adzes, 2 ps. 
pump Leather, 1 sloops new cable, 1 two in. & half augar, 1 pr. 


verry large stilliards to weigh i2oovvte. no pees, 17 pr. pott hooks, 
sorted, a large parcel of sloops old Ropes & Blocks, about y$ 
of a Coil of new inch white Rope, a new mill spindle and Frogg, 
2 scyth handles, a large parcel of old Iron. 

At the Nail store door. 
12 Grindstones sorted, 2 pr. quern stones. 

In the No i /store Loft. 

Loose — 12 white earthen chamber-potts, 3 small stone Butter 
potts, 4 Large Earthen milk pans, 2 papers Red Lead in a large 
Iron Kettle, 16 Iron potts sorted, a bagg of 8 d Bradds. 

Measures — 2 Bushell, 1 half Do., 1 peck, 1 half peck, 7 steel 

6 Barrs of steel, 1 square barr of Iron & l /o barr Ditto, 6 flatt 
Barrs Ditto, 7 new whip saws Block & Tillers, 5 new cross cut 
saws, a parcel of inch kotting, 4 Dead-Eye Blocks & Iron 
strapps, 3 Brick moulds, 1 large new Brass skill" and Frame, 1 
large Brass pipe, 1 axle Tree for a cart, 1 old Tennant saw, half 

a cask of Flooring bradds, half a cask of Do. Do., a 

parcel of old Lumber on the mud Beams. 

R. No. 2. A bagg of Bristol Drop shott, Do. No. 1 2 a par- 
cel of Frying pans. 

R. No: 2. A cask of Gunpowder. 

R. No: 12. A box of Sash glass. 

In a eh est, viz. 

10 Cross Cutt saw files, 8 whip saw wrests, 4 pr. sheep shears, 
15 hasps & 30 staples for padd locks, 1 doz. large stock lock 
staples, 1 doz. small Do. 2 pump boxes, 2 pump creaks. 

At the home plantation— white servants, vizt. 

James Robb a carpenter, John Seaton Ditto, Barnaby Burch 
a Ship Carpenter, John Murdough, George Brackenrigg a 

Glasier, John Comer Robert Anderson, Taylors, Wm. 

Judd a Gardener, Andrew Edwards Blacksmith, Thomas Strong- 
horme, lohn Banks Sailor, Lawrence Thompson John 


Palley Bricklay s , John Foulton Cook, Rich d Braggley Sailor, 
Dorothy Stevenson, Mary Lever. 

At the Honie Plantation, Negroes, vizt. 

Old Fortune, a woman past Labour. Butcher Robin, a man; 
Martha his wife. Tom Gumby a man, Kate his wife, Mary her 
Daught'r, a young woman, Dick a boy abt. 13 yrs. old Martha 
a girl abt. 1 yr. old. Criss a worn. Cook, Dorcas a girl abt. 12 
yr. old. Toby a Taylor, Nanny his wife, Priscilla a young worn, 
his Daugh'r, Betty her Daugh'r 18 yrs. old. Mulatto Billy a 
Carpenter, Johnny his son abt. 8 yrs. old. 

Sloopers — Toney a man, Rowland Do., Scipio a young man, 
Talbott Do. 

Joe a man, a Carter Man Ditto. Samuel Smith Do. 

Pratts Sary a worn., Jemmy Phills bro'r 10 yrs. old, Odo a 
young man, Mulatto John abt. 10 yrs. old, Will a boy abt. 12 
yrs. old, Kitt a do. abt. 11 yrs. old, Whaley a boy abt. 13 ys. 
old, Jemmy a do. abt. 14 ys. old, Tom a do. abt. 14 ys. old, 
Tom a do. abt. 14 ys. old, Frank a Carpenter, Flower his wife, 
Duke his son abt. 13, Frank a boy abt. 9. 33 in all. 

Negroes carried by Chas. Carter, Esqr. to Jlfid'x. 

Frank a Carpenter. Homer & his Wife. Duke his Son abt. 
13. Frank a boy abt. 9. 4 & 33, 37 in all. 

Linnen, Vizt. 

4 Byrd Eyd Diapr. Table cloths, 10 Diaper Ditto Do., 

2 very fine Diaper Do., 4 fine Damask & Do. Do., 2 

doz. & half Byrd Eyd Diaper Napkins, 18 Midling Damask Do. 

Do., 18 new Diaper Do., 10 old Damask Do., 

2 doz. midling Byrd Eyd Do., 1 doz. old Diaper Do., 20 

sco. Diaper Do., 2 doz. very fine Diaper Do., 2 setts 

fine Damask Do., 22 Cource Towells, 6 fine new Byrd Eyd 

Do., 10 Diaper Do., 8 pr. fine holland sheets, 8 pr. fine do. 
Do., 2 pr. very fine Do., n pr. servants sheets. 

Old qr. George Connolly Overseer. 



Dick, Foreman. 

Abram a man, Jenny his Wife, Bridgett a girl ab't i 

yr. old. 

Mingo a man, Long Nanny his wife, Isabel a girl ab't 9 

yrs. old, Betty Do. abt. 8 yrs old, Wingo a Boy abt. 

7 yr. old, Mary a girl abt. 6 yr. old, Alice a Do. abt. 

1 yr. old. 

Robin a man — Sue his wife. 

Snapsack a young man, Tomboy a Ditto. 

Arrobella a worn. 

Nassau a man, Nanny his wife, Bridgett their Daugh r a young 

worn., Criss a Girl ab 1 14 yrs. old, Molly Ditto 

ab' 1 1 yrs. old, Lucy Ditto ab' 7 yrs. old. 

Hannah a Girl ab' 9 yr. old, sloop Toney * * * 

Jemmy a man, Blackwall Do., London Do., Tom 

Do., Dick Do., Ralph Do., Faldo Do., 

Arthor a boy ab' 19 yr old, in all 31. 

Sheep 1 16. 

A horse called Blackbird. 


1 Bull 10 yr. old, 1 Do. 8 yr. old, 1 Do. 

3 yr. old, 16 Draught oxen, 2 fattening Do., 7 steers ■ 7 yr. 

old, 16 Ditto 4 & 5 yr. old, 3 Ditto 2 yr. old, 12 cows, 

12 yearlings, 16 Barren Cows, 17 heifers. In all 105 head. 

2 setts of wedges, 1 Iron pestle, 1 large pott & hooks, 1 small 
Do. & Do. 

1 Caddow, 1 old Rugg & 1 old wool bed, 1 horse Cart, 1 ox 
Ditto & yoakes, 4 ox chains, 1 pr. Timber wheels. 

Indian Town qr. , Jno. Leathead. (Overs.) 


Sampson Foreman, Judy his wife. 
Carters Will a Man, Pegg his wife. 
Groshire a man. 

Great Peter a man, -Olive Kate his wife, Robin abt. 12 

ys. old. Nanny ab't 11 ys. old, Peter ab't 8 yr.- 


old, Harry ab't 7 yr. old, Margery ab't 3 yr. old, 

Betty ab't 6 yr. old. 

Kate a woman, Hannah ab't 9 yr. old, Jacob ab't 8 

yr. old. 

Old Bock, Mulatto Mary a worn., Lydia Do., Rumbo a man. 

Stephen a sawyer, Sarah ab' 10 yrs. old, Ambrose 

ab l 8 yr. old, Moll r— ab' 5 yr. old. * * * In all. 

* * Hoggs in the Pen. 


1 Bull 8 yr. old, 3 Do. 4 yr. old, 10 steers — — 

3 yr. old, 12 Do. 4 yr. old, 2 Do. 8 yr. old, 1 Do. 

fatning 8 yr. old, 25 cows, 25 yearlings, 35 Barron Cows. 114 
in all. 

1 Large pott & hooks, 1 small Do., 1 Iron pestle, 4 wedges, 
1 large chest, 1 old Rugg, a pr. old Blanketts. 

Changelius qr. , Pet r Carter Overseer. 


Daniel Foreman, Nell ab' 6 yr. old, Robin ab' 4 yr. old, 

Ben ab' 2 yr. old. 

Peter a man, Stephen Do. 

Tom a man, Amey his wife, Billy — ab' 4 yr. old, Judy 

ab' 2 yr. old. 

Isaac a man. 

Sue a worn., Gabriel ab' 13 yr. old, Betty ab' 

12 yr. old, Dinah ab' 9 yr. old, Manuel ab' 7 yr. 

old, Alice ab' 4 yr. old. 

Sawyer Jacob, Margett his wife. 

Dick a carpenter, Abram ab' 6 yr. old his son. 

Old Manuel a cooper past labour, Semendary his wife, Archi- 
bald ab' 8 yr. old. 



(Abstract from English Public Record Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.) 

161 8-9, March 5. 

Court Minutes of the East India Company— Virginia Wheat, 
called maize much commended for an excellent strong meat and 
hearty for men at sea and more wholesome than beef; The Vir- 
ginia Company to be desired to procure some for trial by the 
next shipping. (Extract from Court Minute Book, vol 4, p. 306.) 


(Abstract from English Public Record Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.) 

1622, Sept. 7, Hague. 

Sir Dudley Carleton to Secretary Sir George Calvert. There 
are three of his (Count Mansfield) eldest Captains dead there* 
in the space of three days, two of horse (Philler and Ents) both 
men of account, both which died suddenly in one night; and one 
of his foot (Sir Thos. Gates) an ancient honest gentlemen of this 
nation (Extract from Correspond: Holland). 

[*At Skinksconce, the camp of Skenck-schaus was at the 
Fort of Skenck a little to the East of Nimeguent — schaus is the 
Dutch for Fort. It appears that many died of fever. — W. N. S. 

N. B. It will be remembered that Sir Thomas Gates is the 
first name mentioned in the original grant of 10 April, 1606, of 
Virginia "to be divided into two several colonies. ' ' His con- 
nection with & services in Virginia are matters of history. — 
W. N. S.] 



(Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.) 

[Notices of many of the patentees will be found in Broum' s 
Genesis. ] 

1623, June (?). 

Annexed to "a list of Shareholders in Va. Comp., M'ch, 1616, 
to June, 1623. 

List of Seventy-two Patents granted to as many persons, all 
having partners whose names and shares "we do not know." 

1 Southhampton Hund d . 2 Robert Heath. 3 Mr. Wincoppe. 
4 Mr. Tracy. 5 D° Bohune. 6 Mr. Piers. 7 Mr. Delbridge. 
8 Mr. Poynts. 9 Mr. Berkley. 10 Capt. Bargrave. 11 Capt. 
Ward. 12 Earl of Pembroke. 13 Sir Ric. Worsley. 14 Sir 
Ric. Bulkley. 15 Sir Wm. Monnsun. 16 S'Wm. Newce. 17 
Capt. Ralph Hamor. 18 Lady Dale. 19 Sir Dudley Diggs. 
20 Sir John Bourchier. 21 Rowland Truelove. 22 John 
Crowe. 23 Edward Rider. 24 Symon Leake. 25 Daniel 
Gookinge. 26 Edvv. Bennett. 27 Joseph Lenninge. 28 Charles 
Norch. 29 Sir Geo. Yeardley. 30 Tho. Leveson. 31 Wm. 
Weldon. 32 Henry Southey. 33 Martins Hundred. 34 Robt. 
Moston. 35 Edmund Wynne. 36 Henry Pelham. 37 Capt. 
Dan. Tucker. 38 Sir Bowyer Worsley. 39 Franc. Harwell. 
40 Sir John Brooke. 41 Lady Berkeley. 42 Tho. Addison. 
43 Edw. Johnson. 44 Edward Palmer. 45 William Felgate. 
46 Franc. Pecke. 47 John Harvy. 48 Mr. Pemberton. 49 
Mr. Rowsley. 50 Christo. Hillary. 51 James Steward. 52 
Tho. Graves. 53 Capt. Sam Mathewes. 54 Christofer Levett. 
55 John Palmer. 56 Wm. Dilke. 57 Francis Baldwin. 58 
James Haberly. 59 Arthur Levellis. 60 Capt. Jo. Martin. 61 
Mr. Rooper. 62 Franc. Harwell. 63 Tho. Moore. 64 Rich- 
ard Norwood. 65 Edward Hurd. 66 Jo. Fells. 67 Jo. Blyth. 
68 Christo. Newport. 69 John Zouch. 70 Clement Dilke 
71 John Procter. 72 John Prynn. 

(Colo7iial Papers, Vol. 2, No. 33, I.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1623-4. 373 

Collections in English Churches for Virginia, 1623. 

[Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.] 

1623, July ? 

The King to the Archbishops of Canterbury and York: 

The Undertakers for the plantation of Virginia are now in 
hand for the erecting of some churches and Schools for the edu- 
cation of the children of those Barbarians which cannot but be 
to them a very great charge, in which his Maj. doubts not they 
and all others who wish well to the increase of Christian religion 
will be willing to give assistance and furtherance, and therein to 
make experience of the zeal and devotion of our well minded 
subjects, especially those of the Clergy. They are therefore 
required & authorized to write letters to the Bishops of the Dio- 
cesses in their Province that they give order to the Ministers and 
other Zealous men of their Diocesses both by their own example 
in Contribution and by exhortation to others to move Our Peo- 
ple to contribute to so good a work in as liberal a manner as 
they may. Collections to be made in all the particular parishes 
four times within the next two years, and the moneys finally 
delivered to the Treasurer of Virginia to be employed for the 
Godly purposes intended. 

(Co/o)iia/ Papers, Vol. 2, No. 37.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1623-4. 

[Abstracts from English Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.] 

Delphebus Canne to John Delbridge. 

1623, July 2, Virginia. 
Delphebus Canne to John Delbridge, Merchant in Barnstaple, 
p. the way of Canada. His last was by the Abigail which went 
hence in April last. Hopes the Bonaventure and Success are 
both arrived long ere this. All his fish sold; errors in the ac- 
counts of John Penharwood. Suits of apparel. Friese & other 


Commodities that came in the Success and the Concord, not 
Sold. "All I would to God were turned into Meal, Oat meal 
and peas, for now the land is destitute of food." Prays God to 
send relief — great hope of good store of corn this year. The 
Seaflower expected these three months not arrived. Great crop 
of tobacco this year. Have had hitherto seasonable weather. 
The Furtherance & other Ships looked for daily from Canada 
and from Newfoundland to bring fish, which he doubts will store 
this place with fish sufficient for this year to come. The Indians 
somewhat quiet but thinks their staying at home is that they are 
afraid we shall cut down their corn before it is ripe, and I do not 
think we shall shortly. The Infidels much amazed and know 
not how to remedy themselves in regard, tho' of late Some thir- 
teen English with the Governor's Consent went in a Shallop 
under cover to make peace with them, when a great many In- 
dians came to the river side and after our English people sent 
for by the Indians had got into the Shallop to go home a watch- 
word was given, the English shot and killed some forty Indians, 
among them Apachaniken, 1 Commander of all the other Indians 
in the land, and two others of the chiefest. No news of their 
policy or interest these five weeks. Hopes they may gather 
their crops in from the danger of the Indians, so they may get 
in most part of their debts, for he has a great desire to make 
clear of the Country. 

3 pp. {Colonial Papers, Vol. 2, No. 36). 

Governor and Council of Virginia to the Virginia 


1623-4, Jan'y 30, James City. 
Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor, and Sir Francis West, Sir 
George Yeardley, Sir George Sandys, D r John Pott and Roger 
Smith, Council of Virginia, to the Virginia Company. Have 
received their Letters by the " Bonny Bess" & the " George," 
but have been enforced through the absence of the Governor to 
defer their reply. Have to the uttermost of our abilities re- 
venged themselves upon the Savages, having upon this river cut 
down their Corn in all places, which was planted in great abun- 
dance upon hopes of a fraudulent peace with intent to provide 

VIRGINIA IN 1623-4. 375 

themselves for a future war, and to sustain their confederates, 
burning down the houses they had re-edified, and with the 
Slaughter of Many, enforcing them to abandon their Plantations, 
and had so served the rest but for want of means to feed the 
Soldiers. As soon as our corn was ripe the Gov. set forward to 
the river Potomack to Settle the trade with our friends and to 
revenge the treachery of the Pascoticons & their associates, 
the greatest people in these parts, who had cut off Capt. Spell- 
man * and Mr. Punte's Pinnace, in which expedition the Gov r 
put many to the Sword, burnt their houses & a marvellous quan- 
tity of corn, too far in the woods to bring to our boats. The 
main reason that invited the Gov. into that river was an Agreem't 
made last by Mr. Treasurer with the Potomacks, our ancient 
allies (of whom great numbers were murdered by those nations), 
to be our guides in a war against the Pamunkes, which would 
have been very advantageous to us, but the Gov. thro' the un- 
seasonableness of the weather was obliged to leave his intention 
for Pamunkes. No small difficulty to maintain a war by unwill- 
ing people, who being to feed and cloth their families cry out 
against their Commanders for loss of time in a war where noth- 
ing is to be gained. The chief time of doing the enemy most 
Spoil falling out to their greatest hindrance the Governor was 
petitioned that they might have leave to return least it Should 
prove their utter undoings. Whereas they have been advised 
by the Company to observe rules of justice with these barbarous 
and perfidious enemies, the Gov'' & Council hold nothing unjust 
(except breach of faith) that may tend to their ruin. "With 
these neither fair war nor good quarter is ever to be held nor is 
there other hope of their subversion, whoever may inform you 
to the contrary." Their intended house of entertainment not 
built, many principal subscribers being slain in the Massacre; 
yet there is great addition of buildings wherein great numbers 
of new comers may be entertained more conveniently in their 
opinion than in public Guest Houses. Again put the Comp'y 
in mind how the Ships are pestered, victualled with musty bread 
& stinking beer, heretofore so earnestly complained of, in great 
part the cause of that mortality which is imputed alone to the 
Country; the old Planters live as long here as in most parts of 
England. New comers should bring malt, cider, butter, cheese, 


&c, & not make too Sudden a change in their diet. Tho' the 
Scarcity of the past year was great none have perished thro' 
want. To advance the future plenty besides their Proclamation 
for selling abundance of corn, they have restrained trade to pub- 
lic uses, but nothing will more conduce to the plenty of the Col- 
ony than giving 8s. per bushel (for corn) which will greatly 
diminish the planting of tobacco and further all other undertak- 
ing. Staple Commodities they have at all times bent their en- 
deavours to the furtherance of. The Iron works had long 
before now arrived at their perfection if the workmen had not 
been cut off, and with those that remain it is not in their power 
to re-establish them. No Country can be more proper for Vines 
and Silk & they will endeavour to see them fully prosecuted 
according to his Maj. commands. The whole Colony render 
thanks to his Majesty for his Royal care and favour in restrain- 
ing the Sole importation of tobacco to these two Colonies, the 
only present means to enable them to proceed to more real com- 
modities and works of greater Consequence tending to the 
Strength and beauty of this Colony (for what can be expected 
from poverty) & for being the author of this Supply of meal, 
and they hope to approve themselves not unworthy the continu- 
ance of his favour. Render a due return of thanks to the Lord 
of the Council and to the Company for their honorable Care. 
The tax layd upon the Company was malicious and unjust, con- 
sidering the valuation of tobacco at i8 d pr. lb. as by the public 
rating of Commodities may appear, enforced there unto by the 
daily enhancing of their prices, especially of rotten wines which 
destroys their bodies & empty their purses, whereof Robt. 
Benet, 3 they hope without they privity of his brother, hath been 
most culpable, who in his life time boasted that the only sale of 
four butts of wine would be sufficient to clear the whole voyage. 
Proceedings for the recovery of Blaney's debts — as for Puntis' 
account of his maids — are Strangers to his proceedings. Refer 
to Mr. Treasurer's letters. As to to the Glass works, Ship- 
wrights and Composition with the French men, though they 
have had no better success his care and exceeding charge therein 
were not wanting. For the Bloomery they refer it to their next 
letters. Will send a further account of the petitions by Mr. 
Hart. Concerning the disparagement of the Plantation, which 

VIRGINIA IN 1623-4. 377 

proceeds only from the corrupt heart of one 4 who might justly 
have received exemplary punishment for his Venery & Drunk- 
enness, they need say no more than that the informer (who it 
should seem came over purposely for a spy, the poorest means 
of feeding) never saw most of those places where he complains 
of finding such wants and devastations, but will refer his unmask- 
ing of Virginia to a particular unmasking of him by the General 
Assembly in as much as concerns the Country, and by ourselves 
in the Slanders that concern our Government. Have done all 
in their power to procure reimbursement for the charges of the 
fort undertaken by Capt. Each, with other expenses concerning 
the Abigail, but find a general unwillingness (not to say opposi- 
tion) in almost all but themselves. Men were levied throughout 
the country for the fort but expected Supplies failed, and great 
numbers fell down with Sickness suddenly. Have with much 
earnestness importuned Capt. Smyth's patience to stay upon the 
place, who hath done as much as could be expected of him. 
Refer other things to their next letters, which shall be written 
after the General Assembly [has met], " beseeching God to free 
both you and us from the malice of our adversaries and to give 
his blessing to our endeavours & Sufferings." 

Copy certified by Ed. Sharpies, Cler. Indorsed "By the 

Colonial Papers, Vol. 3, No. I, 5 pp. 


1 This was a mistake. Opechancanough was not killed at this 
time; but lived to head the Indians in another massacre, on 
April 18, 1644. Not long afterwards, this famous chief, now 
nearly a hundred years old, was captured, and was murdered at 
Jamestown by one of his guards. 

2 On March 23, 1623, while on a trading voyage on the Poto- 
mac, Captain Henry Spilman, or Spellman, was killed by the 
Anacostan Indians, probably near the present site of Washing- 
ton, D. C. See Brown's Genesis, II, 1020, for a sketch of Henry 

See also id. I, 483, &c, where is given an abstract of Spel- 
man's " Relation," which covers the period 1609-11. 


3 The brother referred to was probably Edward Bennett, a 
merchant of London, member of the Virginia Company, and 
uncle of Richard Bennett, Governor of Virginia. 

* Captain Nathaniel Butler. He was a creature of the War- 
wick and Smith faction in the Virginia Company, and being in 
Virginia in the winter of 1623, made use of the distress and pov- 
erty which succeeded the Massacre, in an attempt to injure the 
liberal majority which then controlled the Company. His " Un- 
masking of Virginia," which appeared in the spring of 1623, 
excited great indignation in the Company and the Colony. But- 
ler's pamphlet called forth in a short time a reply entitled " The 
Answer of Divers planters who have long lived in Virginia," 
&c. This reply which quotes and answers seriatim, Butler's 
charges, is printed in Neili ' s Virginia Company, 394-407. The 
General Assembly of Virginia, also sent to England an "Answer 
of the General Assembly in Virginia to the declaration of the 
State of the Colony under Sir Thomas Smith's government, by 
Alderman Johnson and others." This is also printed by Neill, 

Reply of Sir Thomas Smythe and Alderman Johnson 
to the Petition of John Bargrave, 1621. 

[Reference was made in the January number of this Magazine 
to the dispute between Captain Bargrave and Sir Thomas 
Smythe, and a petition of the former was printed. The matter 
was taken into Chancery, and in 1621, Bargrave presented 
another to the Committee of Grievances of the House of Com- 
mons, reiterating his charges against the former government of 
Virginia, and making additional ones. To this petition Sir 
Thomas Smythe and Alderman Johnson replied in November, 
1621. Quite a full summary of this reply is given in Brown's 
First Republic, pp. 446-7, but as kw papers from the Smythe 
faction have been published, it is thought well to give this 


1624, April. 

Answer of Sir Thomas Smythe and Robt. Johnson, Alderman, 
to the Petition of John Bargrave, Exhibited in way of com- 
plaint to the Committee of Grievances of the Lower House 
of Parliament. 
Letting pass all vain and impertinent matter to the first point 
material, that Sir Thomas Smyth hath framed a tyrannical Gov- 
ernment, imposed upon the people in Virginia, &c. 

Sir Thos. Smyth saith that the Commissions given by him as 
Treasurer & the rest of his Maj. Council for Virginia to Sir 
Thos. Gates & others the Governors sent to Virginia, were 
never otherwise, but expressly to rule and govern so near as 
might be according to the laws of England as by said Commis- 
sion, ready to be shown may appear. But if any of these printed 
laws and articles to which said Bargrave referreth may seem too 
severe as upon pain of death to be observed (howsoever being 
rightly weighed they are justifiable by the laws of England) yet 
they were not framed by Sir. Thos. Smyth as most untruly 
alleged, but by those Worthy Governors in Virginia as the very 
title and preface to the printed book itself sets down, that Sir 
Thos. Smith wrote to Capt. Martin, one of the first Planters and 
a Special man at that time in Virginia, signifying his dislike of 
the Strictness thereof, fearing it would discourage men from 
going to the Plantation yea all said Governors Lord La War & 
Sir Thos. Dale, deceased, also Sir Thos. Gates and Capt. Argoll 
successively now living and ready to witness did see such a 
necessity that the said laws should be made & published in some 
cases ad terrorem and in some to be truly executed, as without 
which the Colony consisting then of such deboyst and irregular 
persons could not possibly continue. That it is a bold slander 
that Sir Thos. Smyth & others practising with him did print said 
book and practise those things for their own ends. The printer 
yet living can witness he was directed to print it by his Maj. 
Council for Virginia whereof many are very honorable Lords 
and Knights now living of this Hon bk ' house. That said Bar- 
grave had no nomination in any patent to make a private plan- 
tation, nor never made any but without commission from the 
Company he sent thither his Deputies a very disordered crew 
that intruded there upon the lands of other Planters and com- 


mitted outrage and rapine upon the poor Indians, as Capt. 
Martin — then in Virginia, now in London— is ready to testify. 
Neither do Smyth & Johnson believe that Bargrave suffered 
Damages but say confidently that if by Capt. Argall, then Gov- 
ernor in Virginia, said Bargrave was hindered his designs, it 
were too easy a punishment to be only restrained of his evil 
courses whereof Capt. Argall, now resident in London com- 
plaineth, and is ready to justify against Bargrave' s Deputies for 
their own private lucre & under Colour of trade with the Indians 
unfurnishing the Colony of necessary provisions, and furnishing 
the Indians with arms and robbing them of their corn. Utterly 
deny that ever they joined with the sole importers of tobacco or 
that they sought to detain the Government which by Sir Thos. 
Smyth was absolutely refused and in open Court denied to be 
put in election, neither did they banish the bringing home of 
Virginia tobacco that being done by those that succeeded him. 
That Bargrave is at present ^500 in debt by his bond long for- 
feited to the Virginia Adventurers for tobacco bought of them, 
the suit for same removed into chancery. And now a final day 
being set the 10th of this present November, 1621, their Council 
feed and all things ready for hearing, said Bargrave obtained a 
new day next term. This course in chancery being of his own 
choosing if himself will now decline by this his appeal, then they 
humbly pray that he may be enjoined first to dismiss his bill in 
chancery & pay the charges caused by his diliatory course, and 
they shall be willing to submit themselves in any thing this 
Hon ble Committee shall think fitting. Certify the injustice to 
them if he refuse. And that Bargrave ceaseth not in all places 
and by all devices of tongue and pen to pursue them in such re- 
proachful terms and manner as is intollerable, charging Sir Thos. 
Smyth with unjustifiable accounts & this governmen 1 to be odious 
and Alderman Johnson with indirect dealings which coming to 
the King's ears, his Maj. called Alderman Johnson to his pres- 
ence, relating to him verbatim the particulars, and required his 
answer in writing which he delivered under the testimony of a 
general assembly of the adventurers, which so fully cleared him 
that his Maj. upon Johnson's humble petition caused a reference 
to the now Attorney General for examining said Bargrave, and 
one Melling his associate, and to determine of some course in 


the Star chamber to punish their Scandalous tongues which 
course hath been yet forborn with patience, expecting amend- 
ment, but see no amendment in Bargrave. who in open court in 
Paul's in the Streets and in all places without cause using vile & 
scandalous speeches & behaviour against them. Therefore pray 
this Hon 1 ' 1 '' Committee to determine some way for correcting this 
course and easing their grievance which may be any man's case 
to be abused if he be suffered without punishment. 
(3 pp. Colonial Papers, Vol. 3, No. 12.) 

The Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia. 

[Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by W. N. Sainsbury.] 

1623, April 28, Whitehall. 
The Lords of the Privy Council to the Governor of Virginia: 
The King upon divers informations has taken into consid- 
eration the present State of Virginia & the Somers Islands 
and hath extended his care as well for the redress of that which 
is amiss as for the establishing of fit directions for the future, 
whereby all indirect courses, misunderstandings, and dissensions, 
may be prevented; and the benefit of every honest person ad- 
vanced. Their Lordships have thought good to signify this to 
the end, there be no discouragement taken or apprehended by 
any loose advertisements proceeding from factious humours or 
private ends, but that they comfort themselves in attending the 
fruits of that good work which by his Maj. express command is 
now in hand. They are therefore charged in his Maj. name to 
live together in that concord, unity & joint care of the common 
good of that Plantation which becometh the Undertakers of such 
an action, the subjects of such a King and the Professors of one 
Religion cannot but let him know how displeasing it is to his 
Maj. to hear that neither their fortifications, houses of habita- 
tions, nor provisions of victuals, are cared for in such sort as 
they ought to be, and require him to be more careful for them- 
selves and the good of the Plantation hereafter. 
{Colonial Entry B'fc, Vol. 79, p. 205.) 


Lord Mandeville to Secretary Conway, 1623. 

[Abstract from Eng. Pub. Rec. Office, by VV. N. Sainsbury.] 

1623, Oct. 17, Whitehall. 
Lord President Mandeville to Secretary Conway: 

Begs he will acquaint his Majesty that those of the Virginia 
Company were this day before the Lords to give answer whether 
they would surrender up their old Patent or no. That nothing 
should be mistaken by them, he had punctually set down to 
them in writing the alterations that his Maj. intended which was 
to change only the frame of the Government and the manner of 
the plantation for the good of the people, but to have every 
private man's interest preserved and to be secured if it were 
defective. The Company this day delivered in an answer answer- 
able to their former doings and say that they can give no answers 
touching the yielding up of their Patent until they have had a 
Quarter Court which will not be until 19th Nov r . This answer 
was so ill pleasing to the Lords that with reproof we have had 
sent them back and peremptorily prefixed unto them to bring to 
their Lordships a direct answer on Monday next, when if they 
shall not offer the yielding up of that Patent then Mr. Attorney 
is directed to take a course for revoking of it. 

(Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jas. I, Vol. 153, No. 67.) 

The Virginia Company and The House of Commons, 


[Copy by W. N. Sainsbury.] 

[In Jan. , 1624, the Virginia Company threatened with ruin from 
the intrigues of an illiberal and unscrupulous faction within itself, 
and by the hostility of the King, who regarded it as "a seminary 
of sedition," prepared as a last resort, a petition to the House of 
Commons, praying relief and redress. This was presented on 


May 6. On the 9th, before any report was made from the Com- 
mittee to which the petition had been referred, the Speaker 
received a letter from the King, commanding the House to take 
no further action in the matter. So failed the last hope of the 
Virginia Company.] 

1624 [May 6]. Ascension Day, Stile Angt. 
Sir Francis Nethersole to Sir Dudley Carleton: 

In this Straitness of time as it was apprehended there was 
notwithstanding a motion made for the hearing of the late differ- 
ences in the Virginia Company, the contentions & factions occa- 
sioned by them being grown so great that the members of that 
body could not possibly thrive till those humours were corrected, 
nor the body do of itself as was alleged, and thereupon though 
with much unwillingness the matter was entertained in our House 
and a Committee of the whole House appointed to hear the 
cause, those which are of the House & Company being allowed 
free speech at the Committee but not deciding voices. At this 
Committee, on Wednesday last, Mr. Ferrar, Deputy of the Com- 
pany, Sir Edwin Sandys, My Lord Cavendish & Sir John Dan- 
vers made a relation of the proceedings by order from the 
Company in which they laid the great load upon my Lord 
Treasurer, charged the Commissioners appointed by the King 
to hear and report the cause with extreme partiality and this 
burden upon Sir Nathaniel Rich that he since his return out of 
Ireland had been an active ill instrument in them. They spared 
not the Count of Gondomar and his Successors, who they said 
had in charge to use their uttermost endeavours for the destruc- 
tion of the said Company and their Plantations, to which end 
they showed all the late proceedings to have been directly in- 
tended and among them all too long to repeat (for they spent an 
afternoon in it) no one was more hard than that at the time in 
which the Commiss rs were to examine the behaviour of Sir Ed- 
win Sandys in his government and of the former Governors in 
theirs. Sir Edwin was commanded by My Lord Treasurer in 
the King's name to go out of this Town where his presence was 
not then more necessary for the making of his own defence, than 
for accusing of his predecessors in that Government, of whose 


accounts he had been an auditor. And in this hard usage this 
was very remarkable that the King being told of it by a great 
Lord disavowed My Lord Treasurer and gave commandment 
for Sir Edwin's liberty to return. This and other circumstances 
(very foul) besides the matter as it appeared by the light they 
laid it in made many which were at first unwilling to be now con- 
tent to have it ripped up. But the next day came a letter from 
the King directed to the Speaker of our House by which His 
Maj. taking notice of this business in very fair terms forbad the 
House to proceed any further therein as having been by him 
specially recommended to his Council who had already taken 
much pains to quiet those troubles in the said Company, which 
his Maj. feared might be stirred again by our meddling with 
them, and other among ourselves by occasion thereof. This was 
assented unto by a general Silence but not without Some Soft 
muttering that by this means and example My Lord Treasurer's 
business or any other might be taken out of the Parliament. 

(Extract from Domestic Correspond., James ist, Vol. 164, 
No. 46.) 

[I have abstracted this word by word — as written by one who 
heard all that took place in this most important business — W. 
N. S.] 

["This is at variance with Sir Isaac Wakes to Sec. Conway, 
see 29 April."] 

The following is the abstract given by Sainsbury of Wake's 
letter, dated London, Ap'l 29, 1624: 

The Upper house hath taken into consideration this day the 
malicious office of the Spanish Ambassador. Our great Schism 
caused by the Virginians is quieted with his Maj. Letter which 
was received with an universal applause. 


Complaint by Germans Against Governor Spotswood. 

(From Virginia State Archives. 

[Governor Alexander Spotswood employed a number of Ger- 
mans to work in his iron mines, and settled them in 17 14, at 
Germanna, on the borders of Spotsylvania and Orange counties. 
Col. Byrd, who visited Spotswood in 1732, says he saw at Ger- 
manna a baker's dozen of ruinous tenements "where so many 
German families had dwelt some years ago, but are now removed 
ten miles higher up, in the Fork of the Rappahannock, to land 
of their own." Dr. Slaughter ("St. Mark's Parish ") says that 
in 1 717 this colony of Germans consisted of one hundred and 
thirty persons. In a petition to the Bishop of London and the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, they 
asked that a young German minister be procured for them to 
succeed their old pastor, Haeger, then seventy-five years old. 
A notice of this German settlement is to be found in Dr. Slaugh- 
ter's " History of St. Mark's Parish," 97-105. The document 
here printed gives a different impression of the relations of Gov- 
ernor Spotswood and his German employees, from that held 
by Mr. Schuricht, who says that their intercourse was entirely 
pleasant and peaceful.] 

1. In pursuance of the advise of the honorable Major Holloway 
have wee desired Colonell Spotswood to give us the Copy of the 
Covenant which wee at our arrival here made with him, but he 
will not give it. Wee have desired the Justices of Spotsylvania 
Court to assist us and to be our witnesses that the Colonell will 
not deliver above mentioned covenant, but they refuse to have 
anything to do with it, therefore wee humbly ask further advice. 

2. Colonell Spotswood hath arested above 25 of us, wee not 
knowing wherefore we are arested, therefore humbly ask your 
honour's advice if it is proper to give in a petition to the Gen- 
tlemen of the house of burgess" to assist us and order one who 
might plead for us in forma pauperis. 

3. Wee design to go to England and from thence to germany 
to bring in a Minister for us high germans who are here, do 


humbly ask if it is proper to desire the governour to give us an 
attestation & pasport to witness that we are inhabitants here, the 
Burgesses from Spotsylvania County know that we are by the 
rest of our Countrymen sent in that behalf. 

Wee who are to go out our names are Michial Coock, Zera- 
chus Flishman. 


(From a copy of the proceedings in Council— Virginia Archives. 

At a Council held Novem' 13, 1755. 

The Governor, John Blair, Philip Grymes, Philip Ludwell, 
Esq., Mr. Commissary, William Byrd, Esq. 

His Honour communicated to the Board a letter from the 
Governor of Novia Scotia dated from Halifax the nth of Au- 
gust, signifying that by advice of His Majesty's Council it is 
judged a necessary, and the only practicable measure, to rid 
themselves of the neutral French there, to divide them among 
the Colonies, where they may be of some use, and possibly in 
time become faithful subjects. With a Letter from Mr. Balfour 
at Hampton, advising of the arrival of two vessels with about 
390 of the said French, and that four sail more are hourly ex- 
pected, who, it is presumed, will bring in upwards of six hun- 
dred more. 

Upon which the governor desiring the opinion and advice of 
the Board, in what manner it would be most adviseable to dis- 
pose of, and divide them through the several counties, and how 
they could be subsisted. It was the advice of the Board that 
his Honor would defer the consideration of so important an In- 
cident till a fuller Council could be assembled. Whereupon the 
governor acquainted them he would order the Councill to be 
summoned to meet on Thursday next to deliberate upon and 
determine an affair of such great consequence to this Country. 

Copy — Teste: 

N. Walthoe, CI. Con. 


At a Council held Novem' 20th, 1755. 

The Governor, John Blair, Philip Grymes, Peter Randolph, 
Philip Ludvvell, Esq rs , Mr. Commissary, William Byrd, Esq. 

The Letter from Governor Lawrence was again read with an 
account of the number of French Neutrals now arrived in 
Hampton Road from the Bay of Fundy, which was produced by 
his Honour, who desired the Council maturely to deliberate on 
this momentous affair, and advise him what measures it would 
be most prudent for him to pursue. Upon which it was the 
advice of the Council that his Honor would be pleased to post- 
pone the determination of this affair, till some proper Persons 
were sent down to Enquire particularly into the number of 
Families these people consisted of, and into their circumstances, 
also to learn whether they were willing to take the oath of Alle- 
giance to his Majesty without any Reservation, would conform 
themselves to the Laws of this Country, and not transgress the 
limits assigned them without the Governor's permission. 

Whereupon it was proposed to Philip Ludwell, Esq., and the 
Commissary to visit these French, to make such Inquiry and put 
such Proposals to them, who readily accepted thereof. 
Copy — Teste : 

N. Walthoe, CI. Con. 

At a Council held Nov r 22d, 1755. 

The Governor, John Blair, Thomas Nelson, Philip Grymes, 
Peter Randolph, Philip Ludwell, Mr. Commissary, William 
Byrd, Esq. 

Philip Ludwell, Esq r , reported that he with Mr. Commissary 
appointed to visit the Vessels arrived from Nova Scotia with the 
Neutral French had been on bord of four sloops and one schooner, 
and inquired particularly into the number and circumstances of 
the said Neutral French, an account whereof he presented at the 
Board; with a Paper signed by the said French importing their 
submission and adherence to His Majesty and promising fidelity 
to him. Whereupon it was the opinion and advice of the Board 


that the said People be landed disposed of and subsisted as fol- 
lows, viz: That one of the said vessels be ordered to Richmond 
at the Falls of James River, that the French on board two of 
the said vessels be landed at Hampton; and that the other two 
be sent to Norfolk. That Mr. Balfour at Hampton and Mr. 
Stewart at Norfolk be appointed and directed to provide Houses 
for them ; that they be allowed 4 Ib of flour and 2 lb of beef, or 
pork per week each person, that the said Mr. Balfour and 
Mr. Stewart be ordered to supply them regularly with that 
allowance and to see that they behave themselves in an orderly 

Copy — Teste: N. Walthoe, CI. Con. 

Report concerning the Neutral French & proceedings thereon 
in Council, 22 Nov r , 1755. 

[Like most of the English Colonies in North America, Vir- 
ginia had a part in the melancholy story of the Acadians. A 
small part is true; but one which has been so grossly mis- 
represented by a recent writer, that an opportunity to correct 
his statements is welcome. The expulsion, in 1755, of the 
Acadians — the Neutral French as they were called at the time 
— from their homes in Nova Scotia by the command of the 
English authorities is familiar history; made better known by 
"Evangeline." About the middle of November, 1755, several 
vessels, despatched by Governor Lawrence of Nova Scotia, and 
containing 1,140 of these exiles arrived in Hampton Roads. 
There had been no notice of their coming; but as has been seen, 
the Governor and Council of Virginia took prompt action. The 
letters of Governor Dinwiddie, in the " Dinwiddie Papers," 
published by the Virginia Historical Society, contain frequent 
reference to this subject. The Governor states that the arrival 
of 1 140 French Neutrals, sent without warning by Governor 
Lawrence of Nova Scotia had caused great discontent among 
the people of Virginia, where there were no Roman Catho- 
lics. He had much difficulty in inducing the Council to re- 
ceive them, and only carried it by one vote. M. Edouard 
Richard (a gentleman who appears to think that he alone takes 
a just and correct view of this part of American history and 
that Parkman and everybody else is in the wrong) says in his 


recent work on Acadia, that the Virginians refused to allow the 
1500 [really 1140] exiles to land, and that "neither disease, 
which was making- frightful havoc among this crowd of human 
beings huddled together in the holds of the dreadfully overladen 
ships, nor any other considerations " could induce the Virgin- 
ians to change their determination. "They (the Virginians) 
addressed to the authorities such vigorous protests that all these 
exiles, after being several weeks on board the vessels, were told 
to set sail for England." The fact is, that the Acadians arrived 
in Virginia about the middle of November, 1755, and were pro- 
bably sent to England some time in April or May, 1756, and it 
is evident from the proceedings in the case that they were not 
confined to ships; but spent this time on shore. On March 29, 
1756, the House of Burgesses petitioned Governor Dinwiddie to 
have the Neutral French sent to Great Britain, stating that the As- 
sembly would bear the expense. The Governor replied that he 
would carry out their wishes, and asked that they appoint persons 
to "make provision for their subsistence, from this time till their 
embarkation," and that "those gentlemen may agree for proper 
vessels to transport them." The Assembly passed an act appro- 
priating ^5000, and appointing a committee, consisting of Peyton 
Randolph and others on behalf of the Assembly, to contract 
with persons to transport the Neutral French to Great Britain. 
So it is evident that these unfortunate exiles were not confined 
to the ships they came in, but were on shore for five or six 
months, and were sent away on different ships from those they 
came in. Plainly, in one instance, at least M. Richard is 


Charges Against Captain Jacob Lumpkin. 

(From Virginia Archives.) 

New Kent — At a Court held Septem 1 ' 29th, 1690, At Mr. Tun- 

Gents — Coll. John West, Capt. Roger Malory, Mr. Thorn. 


fibster, Capt. Jos. fibster, Mr. Robert Bird, Capt. John Lane, 
Mr. Jos. Story — Justices. 

It is Ordered upon returne of an Information Benjamin Ar- 
nold made before Capt. John Lane and Mr. Robert Bird, Jus- 
tices, against Capt. Jacob Lumpkin for Seditious, unlawful and 
dangerous words expressed against their Majestyes and their 
present Governour, that ye Sheriff Sumon the said Capt. Lump- 
kin and all the Evidense to Appeare at the house of Mr. Ed- 
mond Tunstall on ye 9 day of Octob'' next, when the Court 
have Appointed to meet and examine the Evidence therein and 
alsoe that ye Sheriff give all the Northside Gentlemen Notice 
hereof for Speedy Tryall of ye matter. 

Test: Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

New Kent — At a Court held for examination of Evidence upon 
Ben Arnold's Information against Capt. Jacob Lumpkin in 
their Maj lies behalf at ye House of Mr. Edmond Tunstall, 
October ye 9, 1690. 

Gent. — Capt. John West, Major Wm. Wyatt, Capt. Roger 
Malory, Capt. John Lane, Mr. Thorn, fibster, Mr. Robt. Bird, 
Mr. Joshua Story — Justices. 

It is ordered upon due examination of the Evidences Sumoned 
to Appeare at this Court upon ye said Ben Arnold's Information 
against Capt. Jacob Lumpkin for expressing and Publickly de- 
claring divers Seditious turbulent and unlawfull words in con- 
tempt of their Maj lies and their prest. Governour, that ye Clark 
forthwith deliver Coppys of all this Court's proceedings to Coll. 
Rich' 1 Johnson, high Sheriff, to be by him carefully Conveyed 
to ye Hon ble Governor and Councells by ye ffirst day of ye next 
Gen" Court, ye Sheriff hauving duly Sumoned the Said Capt. 
Lumpkin to this Court he fail'd to Appeare and make his de- 

Test: Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

Septemb r ye 30, 1690. 

Then Sumoned ye abovesaid Capt. Lumpkin, Richard Yar- 
brough and his wiff, Ann Browne, Ellinor Thomasson & Ann 

Sumoned by James Taylor, Sub. Sher. 

A true Coppy, Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 


I, the Subscriber, doe informe their Ma ties Justices of New 
Kent County against Capt. Jacob Lumpkin of ye Same County 
for y 4 he ye Said Capt. Jacob Lumpkin on or about ye first of 
September, 1690, att ye house of me, ye Subscriber, in com- 
pany with and before Divers Evidences, did utter, expreess & 
declare diverse Seditious unlawfull and dangerous words & ex- 
pressions ag' their ma" es and thier pr'sent Govern r , ye Honor hIe 
ffrancis Nicholson, Esq., in manner & forme following, that 
being in Company att ye Said Compl'ts house at ye time afore- 
said with Joseph Clarke, Richard Yarbrough, myself & wife & 
severall other p'sons, & drinking their Ma ties health to ye Said 
Capt. Jacob Lumpkin, ye said Capt. Jacob Lumpkin Sleighted 
itt & refused to put of his hat. Afterwards ye informer, with 
ye aforesaid Comp", according to usuall Custome to trye ye tem- 
per of ye Said Capt. Jacob Lumpkin, Dranke ye Hon bl1 ' their 
Ma tks Governo rs health when ye Said Capt. Lumpkin alsoe 
Sleighted, & mounting his horse Swore he was as good a 
man as ye Governo r & Swore God dam him if he were there he 
would fight him, to which information I sett my hands this 10th 

of Septem br , Anno 1690. 

Ben. Arnold. 

This information was exhibited unto us ye day and year above- 

John Lane, 

Robert Bird. 
Sworne to in Co", New Kent, October the gth, 1690. 
A true Coppy from ye originall. 

Test: Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

Ann Browne, Aged 31 years or thereabouts, sworne, sayd: 
That your Depon 1 being att ye house of Ben: Arnolds about 
ye begining of September last, in Company with severall p'sons 
of ye neighbourhood which were drinking ye King's & Queen's 
health, And Joseph Clarke nameing King William & Queen 
Mary, and Capt. Jacob Lumpkin being there was willing to drink 
ye King & Queen's health but refused to name King William & 
Queen Mary. And ye said Joseph hath said there was a great 
many Kings & Queens & urged him to name them, but he re- 
fused or to pull of his hat, & when ye said Capt. Lumpkin went 


to gett upon his horse he said if any man came to oppose him 

he would fight him if itt was ye Govern", & after he was upon 

his horse he swore a great Oath which to ye best of yo r Depon 1 

knowledge was (God dam him) if ye Govern r were there he would 

fight him, & further sayth not. 

Ann Browne. 

Sworne to in Court, New Kent, Octob. ye 9, 1690. 

Test: Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

Ellinor Thompson, Aged 22 years or thereabouts, Sworne, 

That yo' Depon" being alsoe in ye company att ye house of 
Ben Arnold att ye same time, did hear ye same words as Ann 
Browne hath declared in ye above Deposition, excepting only 
that y* he ye said Capt. Lumpkin should say when he got upon 
his horse (if any man came to oppose him he would fight him 
itt were ye Govern or ), which your Depon' t did not hear. And 
further yo r Depon' did severall times hear ye said Capt. Lump- 
kin say he would fight ye Govern or . And Joseph Clarke cut a 
Stick & bid Capt. Lumpkin measure itt with his Cane & he 
would fight him in ye Govern" behalf. And further yo r Depon 1 

Saith not. 

Ellinor Thompson, her mark. 

Sworne to in Court, New Kent, Octo" r 9, 1690. 

True Coppy p. Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

Ann Arnold, Aged 18 years or thereabouts, Sworne, saith: 
That yo r Depon' t well knoweth y l ye within Deposition of 
Ann Browne is ye truth in every p'ticular & further y or Depon 't 
saith y l ye said Capt. Lumpkin mounting his horse said he was 
as good a man as ye Govern or & Swore (God dam him) if he 
were there he would fight him. And Joseph Clarke went & cutt 
a Stick & bid him ye Said Capt. Lumpkin mesure itt with his 
cane & he would fight him in ye Governo rs behalfe. And fur- 
ther yo r Depon 1 Saith not. 

Ann Arnold. 

All sworne in Co'rt, New Kent, Octo 1 ye 9th, 1690. 

A true Coppy p. Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 


Richard Yarbrough, Aged 38 years or thereabouts, Sworne, 

That your Depon' being att ye house of Benjamin Arnolds 
about ye beginning of September last, in company with Severall 
p'sons of ye neighbourhood & drinking their Ma" LS health, King 
William & Queen Mary, ye said Capt. Lumpkin refused to 
name them but said he would drink ye King & Queen's health, 
which did disturb Severall of ye company & words ariseing 
Capt. Lumpkin was for going, & severall of ye Company fol- 
lowed him towards his horse & amongst ye rest Joseph Clarke 
importuned him to stay & be conformable, but he refused & in 
like manner refused to name the Govern rs health being named 
by severall of ye Company Govern r Nicholson's health, or move 
his hat, but he mounted his horse & yo r Depon' being att some 
distance heard ye said Capt. Lumpkin say with a loud voyce he 
would fight ye Govern'. Whereupon ye said Joseph Clarke 
tooke him up & threatened to beat him & alsoe pulled him off 
his horse. And I heard noe more from him afterwards, & fur- 
ther Saith not. 

Richard Yarbrough, his mark. 

Sworne to in Court, New Kent, Octo'' 9, 1690. 

Test: Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

Elizabeth Yarbrough, wife of Richard Yarbrough, aged 34 
years or thereabouts, Sworne, Saith that your Depon' t being att 
ye house of ye said Benjamin Arnold in ye Company afore men- 
tioned, did hear Capt. Jacob Lumpkin say with a loud voyce as 
he satt upon his horse y' he would fight ye Govern". And fur- 
ther Saith not. 

Eliz. Yarbrough, her mark. 

Hath Sworne to in Court, New Kent, October ye 9th, 1690. 
True Coppy p. Job. Howes, CI. Cur. 

[The loyalty felt by Virginians to the earlier Stuarts was 
nearly worn out during the reigns of the later. The early colo- 
nists brought with them an hereditary affection to the monarchy, 
and as Virginia was but little affected by the misgovernment of 


James and Charles I, the colonists were, with but inconsiderable 
exceptions, loyal to the Crown and the Stuart family. Loyalty, 
however, is to most people largely a matter of personal interest 
and convenience, and the oppressive government, high taxation, 
avaricious and illiberal governors, and low prices for tobacco, 
together with the entire disregard of the wishes and opinions 
of the Virginia people shown by the grant of the Northern 
Neck, left only a feeble loyalty at the close of the reign of James 
II. But above all, were the Virginians ardent Protestants and 
the rapid progress of Catholicism which James was forcing, 
caused a general feeling of uneasiness. Signs of this discontent 
were not infrequent. In 1686, Edmund Bowman, a wealthy 
merchant and planter, who was a magistrate in Northampton 
county, was ordered to appear before the Council for treasonable 
words against the King; James Collins, on a similar charge was 
thrown into prison and ironed (Bark's Virginia, II, 297). 

There was apparently a belief among the people that the two 
new councillors appointed about this time, Isaac Allerton and John 
Armistead, were Papists. Burk sta