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Banister, John, Letter from, 1775 266 

Byrd, William, First, Letters of 11 

Council and General Court Minutes, 1622-29 3» 97, 219, 319 

Genealogy : Aucher 285 

Corbin 281, 370 

Cornwallis, Wroth, Rich 375 

Grymes 90, 187, 374 

Lovelace 83, 176 

Illustrations : Aucher Arms 285 

Archer's Hope Creek, Views at 106a 

Gray Friars, Canterbury 88a 

Grymes Children 92a 

Grymes, Philip, Children of 92a 

Hall End, Warwickshire 280a 

Lovelace, Richard (Poet) 182a 

Lovelace, William 82a 

Lovelace, Sir William (d. 1629) 86a 

Lovelace, Sir William (d. 1627) 176a 

McCabe, William Gordon Frontispiece, July No. 

Northern Neck, Map of Boundaries, 

Frontispiece, October No. 
McCabe, President William Gordon, Announcement of death, 

January No. 

McCabe, William Gordon, A Brief Memoir, By A. C. Gordon 195 

Mecklenburg Co., Va., Resolutions, 1774 54 

Northampton Co., Land Certificates for 142 

Northern Neck, Documents Relative to Boundaries of 297 

Notes and Queries 65, 161, 274, 361 

Orange County Marriages 152, 256, 360 

Preston Papers 109, 241, 346 

Virginia Gleanings in England (Wills) 26, 128, 235, 340 

Virginia Historical Society, Officers and Members, January 1920, 

April No. 
Virginia Historical Society, Proceedings of Annual Meeting, 

July No. 

Virginia in 1681-83 41, "7. 225, 354 

Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704 207, 328 

Henrico County, Prince George County 
Virginia State Troops in the Revolution 58, 247, 359 

lUUItrjm CSordon 3Mc®afae 




JUNE 1, 1920 

Mr. Armistead C. Gordon, a member of our Board, 

will, at the request of his colleagues, prepare 

an "In Memoriam," for publication 

in a future number of 

the Magazine. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXXVIII January, 1920 No. 1 

COURT, 1622-1629. 

From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


Oathes taken before S'r George Yeardley, Knight Etc. & 

Mr. Wiliam Clayborne, Secret, on the 16th day of March 

John Wayne sworne & examined sayth that twoe weekes 
before their arrivall in this river in the ship called The 
Plantation ther was a falling out between Thomas Hitall 
& Thomas Lawley, wheruppon Robt. Cooke interposed 
himselfe & towld the s'd Lawley he would not suffer him to 
abuse any of his mates, upon w'ch the fell to words & the 
s'd Cooke tooke the s'd Lawley by the coller & thrust him 
from him, & settled him upon a chest that was nere to him 
& soe this deponent forthw'th p'ted them & saith that there 
was noe other blowes betweene them, nor did the s'd Cooke 
set his fiste or his knee upon the s'd Lawley's brest or 
offered him any further violence whatsoever, & further this 
deponent saith that he never saw the s'd Lawley at any 


tyme to spitt blowd nor ever heard him complayne of any 
hurt that he had receaved by means of the s'd Cooke. 
Christopher Cutler sworne & examined sayth & amrmeth 
in all poynts as John Wayne aboves'd. 

Edward Gaven, aged 38 years, sworne & examined sayth 
that about a monethe agoe in his going up w'th Thomas 
Lawley to his plantacon stayed for the tyde over nyght at 
Capt. Martyns. The tyde being come he called for his 
people to come abourd & spying the s'd Thomas Lawley to 
be behind he demanded of him why he would not go as fast 
as the rest, the s'd Lawley answered while he was aboard 
the shipp called the Plantacon trier* was one gave him a 
blowe w'th his elbowe one his brest w'ch hath made me 
ever since then such a payne that it greaves me to goe & I 
can scarce fetch my breath, soe they went into the boate & 
the next day after arrived at the Shirley hundred & the 
where the s'd Lawley fell very sicke & being not able of 
himself to come out his bed this deponent helping him, the 
sayd Lawley sayd these words Oh Lord Master the blowe 
that Hobin gave me will surely be my deth, & then when 
one q'rter of an hower after he departed this life, this de- 
ponent sayth further that the sayd Lawleys brest after he 
was dead, seemed blacker than any other p'te of his body, 
this deponent sayth alsoe that he never saw the s'd Lawley 
at any tyme to spit blowd neither did ever hear him the 
s'd Lawley complain of spiting blowd. 

John Fitz Humphreys aged 23 years sworne & examined 
sayth that about a fortnight before they made the land in 
the ship The Plantacon one Robt. Cooke and Thomas Law- 
ley squabled aboard the shipp & were ready to fall by the 
eares wheruppon divers caled to this deponent & willed 
him to come & p't them,but before he came they were p'ted 
& stod wrangling & squabling together & suddenly after 
being in goeing to bed the s'd. Lawley complayned to this 
deponent that his brest was very sore & sayd that Robert 
Cooke tripping up his heeles fell upon him w'th his kne 
upon his brest & the next morning the s'd Lawley shewed 


this deponent his brest wch he sayth was very black at that 
tyme & sayth that that day the s'd Lawley did spitt blowd 
& divers tymes after before he dyed in this deponts syght. 
This depont sayth that he willed the s'd Lawley the next 
day after he complayned to him to tell their Master of yt 
but Lawley answered he would not troble the M'r, he willed 
him to tell the Chirurgeon of yt that he might have some 
remedy for it ; but he answered, I have had already some- 
thing of the Chirurgeon for my ague, & calls to me for 
a note under my hand for yt, & I am loth to put my M'r 
to any more charges, & I will take noe more of his medi- 
cines. This deponent fourther sayth that the s'd Lawley 
being very sick at Sherly hundred often said both to him 
& others that the blow w'ch he had abourd the ship would 
kill him. 

A Court at James Citty the 26 th of March 1627, being p'sent 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Govern'or Etc. 

Mr. Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Mr. Claybourne 
At this Court Capt. Wilcoxes (1) made a request to have 
500 acres of land granted unto him on the Eastern shoare 
uppon the old plantation creeke abutting on the Northeast 
uppon the land of John Blower, unto w'ch the Court hath 
condescended in favor to the said Capt. Wilcoxe & that he 
may not be unfurnished of ground to plant his servants 
uppon, w'ch he hath now brought over in the good shipp 
called the Plantation, provided that the said Capt. Wilcoxe 
doe as soon as may he make proofe that the said five hun- 
dred acres shall be due him by the transportation of the 
said servants or some of them or by any other way or 

(1) Captain John Wilcox came to Va. in 1620 and was a Burgess 
in 1623. His will stating that he was formerly of Plymouth, England, 
was proved June, 1628. See this Magazine 11, 77. 78. 


Quarter Court 

A Court at James Citty the 3 th of Aprill 1627, being present : 

S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor Etc. 

Capt. West 

Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Capt. Mathews 

Mr. Secretary 

Capt. Tucker 
Mr. ffarrar 
It is ordered that Mr. Jonas Stockden, Minister & Mr. 
Francis Chamberlaine doe w'thin fifteene dayes after ye 
date herof give a securitie unto ye Governor for the pai- 
ment of fiftene hundred sixtie and five pounds of principall 
merchantable Tobacco in leafe stript for the use of S'r Fran- 
cis Wyatt, Knt., to be paid at or before the 20 th day of 
November next ensuing at the Stores at James Citty uppon 
the forfeiture of three thousand one hundred and thirty 
waight of the principall Tobacco 

At this Court was delivered in the last will & Testament 
of Thomas Dunthorne, deceased, and proved to be the true 
will of the s'd Tho Dunthorne by ye oath of Jonas Stock- 
den, minister, and that the s'd Thomas Dunthorne was at 
the making thereof in perfect sense and memorye 
At this Court Mr. Harmer delivered uppon his oath unto 
Will'm Hambry an account of all the goodes and estate of 
the Lady Dale (2) both of cattle, Tobacco, corne, and of 
whatsoever hath remained in his Custody since the time 
that the said Mr. Harmer received the same from Mr. 
Henry Watkins. 

(2) Sir Thomas Dale, in his will proved Jan. 15, 1620, left his 
whole estate to his wife, Dame Elizabeth Dale. Her will was dated 
July 6, 1640, and proved Dec. 2, 1640. Her debts were to be paid 
out of her estate in the hands of the East India Company and her 
estate in Virginia. She gave her niece, Mrs Dorothy Throckmorton 
500 acres in Virginia, with the appurtenances. To Edward Hamby, 
son of Mr. Richard Hamby, all her land in Charles Hundred in Vir- 
ginia, with the appurtenances. All the remainder of her estate in 


At this Court Mr. George Keth, minister, did promise on 
his going down to Kecaughtan (uppon an assurance made 
unto him from Thomas Godby for 2001b of Tobacco to be 
paid the last of October next ensueing) to seale and deliver 
unto the said Thomas Godby, one bill of sale of one hun- 
dred acres of land to him and ye said Thomas Godby and 
his heires and assignes forever, being the divident of the 
said George Keth & lying & abutting next unto ye Gleab 
land at Elizabeth Citty. 

It is ordered that Left. Giles Allington shal have a com- 
'ission of Administration uppon the whole estate of Caleb 
Page, deceased, the 2 th of Aprill last past and that the said 
Giles Allington doe put in securitie to the Court to deliver 
of an Account and surrender the said estate when it shall be 
lawfully required. And Robert Adams of Martin's Hun- 
dred hath offered to be bound w'th the said Giles Allington 
for ye same. 

Lt. Giles Allington sworne and examined sayeth that Caleb 
Page on Sunday last the day before his death said these 
wordes before divers yt were then p'sent : Neighbours bear 
witnes that I give unto my man Henry Hart two yeares of 
his time. 


Whereas by an Act made at the Quarter Court in October 
there was a proclamation published to forbid any person 
of what qualitie soever to buy any com'odities aboard any 
shipp uppon the penaltie of 500 1. of Tobacco and the said 
com'odities or the value, of the same, it is at this Court 
thought good to mitigate the sayd fine being too extreme, 
and now further ordered that every one yt shall offend as 
aforesaid in buying of any com'odities aboard any shipp 
shall forfeit one hundred weight of Tobacco and the saide 

Virginia or elsewhere, after some legacies, was to be divided into 
two parts. One part to go to the children of Sir William Throck- 
morton, knight and baronet, deceased, and William Sanborne, and 
the other part to her friends and executors, Mr. Richard Hamby and 
Mr. William Shrimpton. Lady Dale was Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Throckmorton, and married Sir Thos. Dale in 1611. 


com'odities soe bought or the value of the\ same as often 
as they shall soe offend. It is ordered that Michael Wil- 
coxes for buying 12 1. of sugar aboard the Charitie doe 
forfeite one hundred weight of Tobacco and twelve pounds 
of Tobacco for the said sugar, and 30 1. of Tobacco for 
going aboard. 

Whereas there remaineth one trunk of apparrell & linnen 
belonging unto Capt. Willia' Holmes, deceased, of which 
there is noe man to take charge, the Court doth thinke fitt 
for the good of his widdow, that Doctor Pott doe take the 
said trunke with the apparrell & linnen into his custody, 
and to make sale thereof to the best profitt, and to deliver 
up an account of the same unto any Attorney for ye said 

Wheras notw'thstanding an Order of Court made in Oc- 
tober last past there be many that have neglected to prove 
the Wills & Testaments and bring in the Inventorys of 
persons deceased it is thought fitt and hereby ordered that 
Mr. Will'm Claybourne Secretary doe in more especiall 
manner take care and provide that the like negligence be 
here after prevented. And further that Mr. Claybourne 
shall have full power and authoritie to sum'n such as doe 
offend in this case to appeare at the Court at James Citty 
before ye Governor & Council!', of State, there to answer 
unto ye same. 

Whereas by some information received now of late fro' 
other Indians we understand there is a purpose in these 
Indians our Inimies to make a generall assault uppon all o'r 
plantations this Spring; it is ordered that notice be given 
by proclamation through the Colonie that according to a 
former proclamation published, all dwelling houses or plan- 
tations be strongly palizadoed about and that all men doe 
constantly stand uppon theire guard, keep sentinell uppon 
theire workmen by day, and keep good watch by night, 
shutting and making fast the gates of their forts, not suf- 
fering any single man to stragle abroad, wherby all danger 
may be prevented. 


It is ordered that Will'm Kempe, yeoman, shall not any 
further molest or trouble Mr. George Keth concerning his 
suite of 500 1. weight of Tobacco, w'ch the said Will'm pre- 
tends to be wanting in the estate of the orphan Sara Spence 
the daughter of Ensigne Wm. Spence deceased, untill such 
time as any such Inventory may be found whereby any- 
thing may be proved that the said 500 1. weight of Tobacco 
is unpaid by the said George Keth. 

At this Court there was leave granted that Mr. Secretary 
Claibourne should have a Com'ission to goe w'th a boate & 
a sufficient Company of men into the Bay, And to discover 
any rivers or Creekes w'thin the Bay up to the heads of 
the same and trade w'th the Indians for corne skins or 
any other Comodities whatsoever. 

A Court at James Citty the 4 th of Aprill 1627 being present 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor Etc. 

Capt. West 

Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Capt. Mathews 

Mr. Secretary 

Capt. Tucker 

Mr. Farrer. 
A.t this Court were read all the examinations and deposi- 
tions formerly taken concerning the report of some bad 
behavior betweene Capt. Will'm Epes & Mrs. Alice Boice 
lately to have happened at Martins Brandon, all w'ch being 
duely weighed and debated on, the opinion of the Court 
is that it is noe way proved or manifest by those depositions 
that Capt. Epes and Mrs. Boise have offended the Law but 
that they are cleane and guiltlesse. 

At this Court Mr. Howe delivered upp on his oath an ac- 
count of the Estate of Luke Aden. 

At this Court the Governor did testifie that presently after 
the arrivall of the tenants belonging to the Secretairy from 


England hhimselfe did advise Mr. Porey to send the said 
tenants over the Bay & to plant there, w'ch accordingly he 
did and soe made choice of the 500 acres of land belonging 
to his place, afterwards when himselfe went over and 
seated the said tenants uppon the same. 
It is therefore ordered that there be 500 acres of land laid 
out, at the place commonly called the Secretairy land on 
the Eastern Shoare and heretofore planted on by the ten- 
ants belonging to the Secretaryes place. And that if it 
happen any people to have seated themselves w'thin the 
bounds thereof, that they doe either compound w'th the 
Secretary, or else deliver upp the land into his possession. 
It is also hereby provided that if by this means the people 
shall forsake the place and the same be left unplanted that 
the Secretarye doe take some order to see the same again 
repeopled & planted. 

(To be Continued) 



(From the Originals in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 



To Perry and Lane 

Virginia June 3 d 1691 

I rec d most (if not all) of yours this year with what yo u 
w : I as morry were so considerable, since I could 
not have freight enough proportionall to answer itt, being 
I thinke very hardly used therein, you left itt wholly to 
P. P. who att first promised mee upward of 400 H ds in 
Porter & Allison. Some time after hee told mee, that I must 
not expect above 400. Accordingly I proceeded & bought 
Tob° but just as I had finished all, & was going to Towne, 
hee tells mee Harry Duke (1) had shewn him a letter & hee 
must have Some & Toppin more, therefore I must have but 
350 H ds (besides bulke). After some words, I desired him 
to assure me of them, w ch hee did, & I left notes att his 
house, as I went downe for twice that quantity, hee was not 
so kind all the while I was there to lett mee know y e con- 
trary, when I could have hired a ship att £15:10 p tun. but 
last weeke (when the ships were goeing downe) hee gave 
mee an Acco 4 that Allison had but 80 H ds & Porter ISO 
(2 whereof furres) besides bulke ; by w ch means. And these 
Masters (as well as those from M r . North) cheating in their 
Ladeing by stowing away great quantitys in Bulke of their 

(1) Henry Duke, of James City County, who was appointed member 
of Council 1702, and died 1713. 


I have ah* 250 H ds of New besides Some Old Tobacco 
left, I desire therefore that you positively order what freight 
I shall have (w ch I expect may bee ab* 500 H ds ) that I may 
not bee at ship uncertainty'e, and att every Ones disposeall : 
otherwise I desire you not to send mee above halfe the 
Goods wrote for, w ch will bee then too much ; I have sent 
you what skins & ffurres I had by mee (to help to clear 
Something) w ch had been much more, had not the Indian 
trade been prohibited (all last winter). Now y e Assembly 
have laid itt open but w th so great an Imposition* on all 
commoditys of that sort, that I fear itt can never bee worth 
while onely those goods wee have by us must bee sold, I 
have sent for little but plains haveing sufficient of all y e 
rest by mee. 

I desire you would Send me the furniture Sent for last 
year, & omitted I have Sent for a Considerable Cargo of 
English Goods, w ch I desire if freight may bee had, & Tob° 
like to doe anything; I suppose what Sent you this year may 
prove weighty & good, hope itt may answer Something. 

If you have an Oppertunity I desire you to send 3 or 4 
halfe tunes of Rheinsh wine from Rotterdam, for that I 
had two years Since from M r Senserf proved So well, that 
I have been desired by Severall to procure Some as good. 

How far our New Law about Townes may Affect trade 
I cannot yett guess, wee must expect y e confirmation of itt 
from England, & then I believe Some of the Ports may 
come in a little time to Something; Some time Since I rec d 
yours by Emberly & should have been glad to have Seen 
my Acco* w ch I yett daily expect. 

I returne you many thankes for your care of my Child" 
& hope you'l indeavor to put out the Girls for their most 
advantage w th out any unnecessary charge ; & for my Son 
I hope hee may bee so imployed, as (at least) not to loosse 
anything hath been bestowed on him. I cannot advise att 

(2) Act of Assembly, April, 1991. See Herring's Statutes at Large of 
Virginia, III, 63. 


this distance, but desire hee want nothing (in reason) for 
his necessary accomplishing 

I am Oblidged to you for your care ab 1 y e Aud rs place, & 
I hope you'l put itt out of dispute. My L, d Effingham, M l * 
Blaithwait & M r Povey haveing assured mee of their assist- 
ance therein, hope now you'l effect itt and not lett mee lye 
open to every one that will bid mony for itt. 

Newham promised mee to take in four H ds of skins & 
ffurres, but after I had Sent them downe (hee being full) 
to Point Comfort, and I suppose they are on board the 
Wolfe, Capt. Geo. Purvis, Capt. Perry designes downe, hope 
hee'l take bills of Ladeing or a rec 1 for them, y e contents 
inclosed, there is allso Eight H ds on board Hogben, God 
Send all well to you : What farther offers shall write by the 
fleet therefore w th blessing to y e Child", due respects to all 

friends I take leave 

Gen 1 

Yo rs 

W. B. 

Pray Send us a Considerable Quantity of Salt if possible 
& remember Paper for wee are in great want 


Virg a June the 4 th 1691 
S r 

This I hope will come Safe to hand by the Resolution 
w th 4 H ds Raw skins, 208 Hogs hds of Tob° in Caske, be- 
sides 51 in Bulke to bee divided Vizt. the ship to have two 
thirds & you 1-3 clear, to bee equally parted for quality in 
y e s d Proportions. The Bulke I could not expect much 
from, but however the 1-3 comeing fraight free, I thought 
might yield Something, better then lye here and rott, the 
Tob° in Caske I hope will prove well & weighty. I had not 
that quantity of skins & furs as usual, trade being Stopt all 
last winter, and now its open, a great imposition is laid on 


all Such Commodity's as are transported, w ch I doubt will 
put a damp on y e trade. I thanke you for takeing mee So 
much fraight, but could have wished (though you Sent y e 
Charter pty's to mee) you had not Ordered away most of 
y e ffraight to others, Sikes takeing mee in but 70 od & Ware 
but 55, the former (they say) is a very rotten tool. I spared 
on your request so much of the fraight, that I have now 
250 H ds left on my hands, & could not give Satisfaction 
neither; therefore its mine as well as their desires that you 
would Secure every mans fraight certain (except Small 
quantitys w ch may not be worth while) I hope you'l Secure 
mee for owne p'per use att Least 300 H ds & if you can w th 
convenience you may adde another 100, I doubt not the 

I have Sent for a Considerable Quantity of English Goods, 
allso Some apparell & Houshold Stuffe &c for my Selfe w ch 
I hope (if goods gett well home) you'l comply w th & send 
w th ye furniture Omitted last year, by Some good ship. 

Col. Xpher Wormeley (3) (who marryd Col Carters 
widow) designes to write to you, & hold a correspondence. 
I encouraged him, & promised to intimate the Same to you, 
I hope hee nor you will have occasion to complain thereof. 

Inclosed is allso an Invoice from H. Gauler, &' another 
friend of yours w ch I desire you to Send by the first con- 
veniency as directed. 

I would allso desire you to Send mee to bee left att James 
City att M r Gaulers 20 or 30 doz of Clarett or other fash- 
ionable wine thats very Good, 6 doz Canary, 6 doz of Cherry 
& 6 doz of Rhenish, wt h one Q r ter Caske of Brandy & 6 grs 
good Pipes : 

I wish all things may come Safe & find you, your Lady 
& all friends in health ; wee have (after a confused manner) 
in a hurry returned your token, you may charge mee those 

(3) Christopher Wormeley. of Middlesex County, appointed member 
of Council 1683, and died 1701. The wife referred to was Elizabeth, 
daughter of Raleigh Travers, of Lancaster County, and widow of John 
Carter, Jr., of "Corotoman," in the same county. For note on Christo- 
pher Wormeley, see this Magazine, VII, 284, 285. 


that have not pd their part & give mee an Acco 1 thereof 
My humble Service to all friends. I am 

S r 
Yo r Humble Serv fc 

W. B. 
Send mee a box of Smoaking Tobacco 

To Mr. North 

Virginia June the 8 th , 1691 
S r 

This Serves to cover the inclosed bill of Lading for 76 
H ds Tob° of my owne, four of M r Secretary's Coles & 2 of 
young Thorn Cockes, I wish all Safe to you, my Service to 
all friends. I am 

S r 
Yo r Humble Servant 

W. B. 
To M r North P Sikes 
in y e Phoenix 

To Philip Ludwell 

Virg a June y e 3 th 1691 
Hon d S r 

I reed the favo r of one from you Since you being in Lon- 
don, where I hope you injoy your health and all satisfaction. 
Wee have (I thanke God) been hitherto att peace, onely a 
great many little intrigues carryed on in our late assembly. 
An Acco 1 of their proceedings (both touching the Colledge 
& other affairs) I doubt not but you'l receive att Large from 
others, there was an address design'd, that no person should 
bee capeable of holding any Office in this Government, un- 
less hee were an inhabitant of the Same, whither it re- 
flected on M r Culpeper (4) or not I cannot tell, but it was 

(4) "Mr. Culpeper" was Alexander Culpeper, Surveyor General of 
Virginia, who had been long resident in England. 


quashed, & so its no great matter, theres now a resolve to 
settle the Bounds along y e main Blacke water, & So up to 
y e Appomatox Indian Towne & so to y e Monacan Towne, 
w ch -will cu t of Some plantations allready Seated, & hinder 
the Surveyors Something, but I suppose those bounds will 
not continue Long, M r James Blair, Com' r y, our Minister 
comes home ab 4 y e Colledge, & the other affairs are refer'd 
to M r Jeffry's; please to give my humble service to all 
friends, & if Leasure will permit favo r mee w th a line or two 
as occasion offers I am 

Hon d S r 

Yo r faithfull Humble Serv* 

W. B. 
To Col° Ludwell und r Covert E 

To Mr. Methwold 

Virg a June y e 8 th 1691 
Hond S r 

I reed the favor of yours in my L ds Pacquett, for w ch I 
returne you hearty thankes & wish it were in my power to 
Serve you according to my desire : I have been from Home 
ere Since the beginning of Aprill but shall indeavo 1 * to pro- 
vide all y e Stones & Seeds formerly omitted w th a fresh 
Supply of those formerly Sent, except the Sassafras w ch 
my being abroad lost y e Season of Saveing the Seeds. If I 
could get a winter Passage I should hope they would doe 
much better; w ch (God willing) s h all indeavour: please to 
give my humble Service to yo r Lady and all those I had y e 
hono r to bee acquainted w th at Hale House, & please to ac- 
cept y e Same from 

Hon d S r 

Yo r most Oblidged Humble Servant 

W B 
To M r Methwold p Comadore 


To Lord Effingham 

Virginia June y e 9 th 1691 

My L d 

I reed the hono r of yo r Exclcys of y e 26 th of Fb r & re- 
turne your L d ship my hearty thanks, for your kind accept- 
ance of my indeavours to Serve yo r Exlncy for w ch I have 
all the obligations imaginable. I have inclosed Sent yo r 
Excellency p Ex ch yo r Salary till Lady day last as allso 
halfe the years House rent (the other p d to y e L* Govern 1 ") 
w th what else is come to my hands, yo r L d ships Acco* is 
inclosed : by w ch your Excellency may see what I have reed 
from y e Collecto rs for y e rents I answer for 10' Countys. 
Col° Cole Warwicke & Elizabeth City, Hee & Col° Bacon 
for Isle of Wight, Col Bacon for Yorke, Hee & Col Page 
for N. Kent, & Col° Page for James City, who have or will 
Acco* to yo r Excellency themselves as they say. Of £170 
od mony charged on the Navy last year, they have prom- 
ised to pay £103:06:10 but refused the rest, itt being for 
Clothing to ye Seamen &c. & the men (they Say) pd of 
ere the Acco fc came Home : Since w ch the Dunbarton being 
found altogether unfit for Service, is laid up & some of her 
old Rigging Sold as much as amounts to £83:11:01 w ch 
mony by Order of y e L 1 Govern 1 " & Councell is paid to mee 
in Order to reimburse their Majesty's revenue here, I have 
not brought the s d mony to Acco* not haveing any certainty 
y e 1 st pt is pd, & expect farther Order ab l y e Last; I shall 
not trouble yo r Excellency w th the Matters of Government, 
nor proceedings of the Assembly Since your L d ship will 
have all att Large. I beg your L d ships pardon for this wide 
letter being Straitned in Time some of the Collecto rs Acco ts 
comeing in but yesterday, & too morrow being appointed 
for y e fleet to Sail. 

I humbly beg the continuance of yo r L d ship's favour & 
returne my hearty thankes for yo r Excellencys kindness in 


Always business. I kiss your L d ships Hands & w th the 
utmost respect take leave. 
My L d 
Yo r Exlncys most Oblidged & humbly 
devoted Serv 1 

W. B 
To my L d Effingham 

To Mr. Povey 

Virginia June y e 9 th 1691 
S r 

I reed the favo r of yours of y e 25 Novemb 1 " & according 
to yo r desire have Sent my former Ace 1 drawne up after 
the first method, w th those warrants you returned mee, 
now (I hope) Sufficiently pfect, by the indorsements. 

I have allso, by this Conveyance, Sent my last years 
Acco ts to M r Blathwait wherein I have continued the Same 
Method, & there being no Article in y e discharge but what 
hath ever been usuall, I hope that will take up Little of 
their L d ships time to Passe itt. I have returned all the 
Warrants, they are all indorsed except my L d Effinghams, 
M r Blathwaits & your owne : 

I desire to bee Satisfyed whither the Goven r or Comander 
in chiefs Warrant to mee for payment of any mony's here 
out of their Ma tys Revenue, may not bee Sufficient to jus- 
tify mee (provided I bona fide pay the Same) Since by the 
Comission the Govern 1 * is impower'd to dispose of y e Reve- 
nue; & I thinke if hee passes a Warrant, I ought not to 
dispute itt, However I desire your advice therein. 

I hope you will continue yo r kindness in assisting to 
settle the matter about M r Ayleway, that there may bee 
no farther dispute. 

Inclosed is two bills of Ex ch , One for £100 yo r Salary, & 
the other for £20 w ch I hope will bee pd accordingly. If 
wee have not a more considerable fleet next year then this 
there will bee much Tob° left in the Country, & this Reve- 
nue will not bee able to Support the Government. 


As oppertunity p'mits, I beg the favour of a Line or two 
on all Occasions, & that you would please to hint what 
was done in M r Audito r Bacons Acco* w ch I wrote to you 
about at Large of in my Last, I hope then to hear of the 
Passing of my Acco ts . I shall not trouble you farther att 
present, but w th humble Service take Leave. 
S r 
Yo r Oblidged Humble Servant 

To M r Povey 

To Mr. Blathwavt 

Virginia Tune the 9 th 1691 
Hon d S r 

This serves to accompany Last years Acco 1 w th the War- 
rants for payment of what I have discharged my selfe by, 
& presume there bee no great dispute in any of those Ar- 
ticles, being onely what is usuall 

I re d a letter from y e Navy Office wherein they promise 
to allow in pte of y e bill on them £103:06:10: but the re- 
mainder being £66:16:3 for Cloths for y e Seamen belong- 
ing to y e Deptford Ketch they refuse by reason the men 
were pd of ere the acco* came to hand; When I reed itt I 
dispatched it by the first conveyance, w ch was by the fleet 
last year. The Dunbarton hath had Severall Surveys on 
her, & is found unfitt for their May tys Service, & therefore 
ordered to bee laid up, as you will find by the Orders of 
Councill. There was Some Old Rigging &c a Sold, that 
formerly belonged to y e Dunbarton the mony was put into 
my Hands, & amounts to £83:11 :01 : w ch will o're pay the 
Sum the Navy is indebted to their Majesty's Revenue here, 
And Since here was nothing intended but what was for y r 
Ma tys immediate Service, I hope the R l Hon ble the Com 1-3 
of y e Navy will allow the Same. 

I have Setled the acco 1 of Quitrents, & added what Com- 
positions are come to hand, & Some Small fines, In the 


main the Q t rents are advanced considerably, & hope will 
more & more, as a true Rent Roll can bee gitt in. 

Inclosed is Ex ca for your Salary the last year, w ch I hope 
will be pd accordingly. 

I shall not give you farther trouble, but beg the con- 
tinuance of your favours, I kiss your hands & take leave. 
Hon d S r 
Yo r Oblidged & Humbly devoted Serv* 

W B 

To m r Blathwait 

To the Commissioners of the Navy 

Virg a June y e 9 th 1691 
R* Hon ble 

I reed the favo r of yours of the 31 th of Nov 1 " last, And am 
sorry yo r hon rs are pleased to dispute that part of my bill 
relateing to the Cloths Supplyed to Seamen belonging to 
their Majesty's Ketch the Deptford, Since it was wholy 
designed for their Majesty's Service, & when the Acco ts 
came to my hands, I forthwith Sent them with y e first Con- 
veyance ; Since w ch Their Majesty's ship the Dunbarton 
haveing been found (by Severall Surveys that have been 
made on board her) altogether unfit for Service is ordered 
to bee Laid up, & Some old Rigging &c a belonging to her 
being Sold, I have re d bills for £83 :11 :01 Out of w ch I hope 
you'l please to reimburse their Majestys Revenue here; 
And the overplus shall bee readily Accompted for what 
is done was by order of their Maj tys L*- Govern 1 " & Councill 

I am 

Rt Hon ble 

Yo r Hono rs most Humble 

& Obedient Serv 1 

W B Aud r 
To y e Rt Hon ble Com rs of 

their Majestys Navy 


To Mr. Harpur 

Virg a June y e 9 th 1691 
S r 

I wrote to you last year by m r Sheerwood & gave you 
what Acco 1 I could of yo r business, am Sorry it was no 
better; hee made mee propositions this year about Tobacco 
but haveing no advice from you, I dare not meddle in itt, 
for unless you could Secure fraight Tobacco would bee of 
no use, I wish you would imploy Somebody else in this 
affair who lives more convenient then I. m r Sheerwood 
hath had £5 already of mee in that affair hee is well ac- 
quainted w th the matter & lives much more convenient. 

I am sorry I have put you to so much charge to so little 
purpose haveing been out £7 & 1 Hogh d Tobacco, w ch I 
may bee ashamed to aske haveing Scarce better'd your 
Cause a farthing: However (if you thinke good) Send what 
you please in to mee, in wine, to drinke yours & all our 
friends good healths; If eather in this or anything else I can 
Serve you May Comand 

Yo r friend & Serv* 

W B 
Service to all att y e Clubb 
To m r Harpur 

To Perry and Lane 

James City in Virg a June y e 9 th 1691 

This Serves chiefly to accompany the bills of Ex ca herew tb 
inclosed amounting to their are many very Small 

the Collect rs not dareing to trust the Masters, & take their 
bills Some haveing Sufferd thereby allready, therefore its 
but reasonable that all owners & merch ts that hire ships, 
should give them letters of Creditt for their Clearing & 
necessary charges, otherwise I know no man here hath 
reason to bee their Security, Since if the ship miscarrys 
they are like to Suffer, Neither Ought the Masters to have 


the allowance of the 10 p C l unless hee can give his owne or 
acceptable bills of Ex ca for his Ladeing, & I hope you'l 
indeavour itt : Below is an Acco 1 of what bills charged on 
you, all w ch I would have you charge to y e Audito rs Acco* 
except y e £20 to m r Povey, w ch charge to my p'ticular, 
the fleet designed to Saile too morrow, & I fear my letters 
may bee late, therefore shall not inlarge, but w th due re- 
spects to all friends I remain 

Yo r Humble Serv 1 


To m r James Blair 200 

To y e U Govern 1, 341 10 

To my L d Effingham 670 00 7 

To m r Blaithwait 100 00 00 

To m r Povey 100 00 00 

To m r Stephen ffarrar 5 

To y e L* Govern 1 * more 14 

1430 10 7 

To m r Povey 20 

If possible procure mee an ingenious Youth that writes 
well from y e Hospitall 

W B 
Remember mee a Box Smoaking Tobacco (5) 

To Mess rs Perry & Lane, a Duplicate 
one p Comadore & one p 

To Perry and Lane 

James City in Virginia June y e 10 th 1691 
Gen 1 

This onely to be left w th m r Secretary Coles (who if any 

more bills of Ex ca for mee comes to his hand ere the fleet 

(5) It seems curious that any one in Virginia should order smoking 
tobacco from England; but it was doubtless prepared there in a way to 
make it more agreeable than the unprepared leaf. 


Sails) hath promised to inclose them herein to you. I wrote 
last night & Sent those I had, I wish all (designed) well to 
you. My Service to all friends. I am 

Yo r Humble Serv* 

W B 
To Mess rs Perry & Lane 

To Stephanus Van Cortlandt,(6) New York 

Virg a Aug st y e 3 d 1691 
Hon d S r 

The great Civilitys I reed from you dureing my Stay at 
N Yorke have incouraged mee to trouble you herewith w ch 
I hope yo r goodness will excuse, I would beg y e favo r of 
yo u (if yo r convenience & a Safe conveyance will permit) 
to purchase for mee Some Wampum to y e Value of 50 or 
60* Lt & ab 1 2-3 in black y e other in white, to large, even, & 
well Strung, & please to Send it to mee in James River, if 
no ships come So high as my habitation let them leave itt 
att James Towne, or w th our L 1 Govern 1 " : I will thankfully 
repay you for y e same by bills of Ex ca for London, w ch I 
will return to you, or deliver them to yo r Order here, or pay 
our L* Gov 1 " w ch may bee most for yo r Convenience, w ch 
I hope you'l not Question Our Govern 1 * hath Spoke to mee 
to inquire after two Indians w ch came from you a man and 
a woman w ch I have, & understand they were in the farth- 
est part of the Tuskerora Country, ab 4 300 miles fro' hence 
I shall Send that way Some time this moneth, & have in- 
gaged my traders (if possible w th any reasonable charge to 

(6) Stephanus Van Cortlandt (1643-1700) was one of the mo8t eminent 
men of the Colony of New York. He was probably Mayor of New 
York during Byrd's visit, as well as a momber of the Governor's Coun- 
cil. The Livingston referred to was, no doubt, Robert Livingston 
(1654-1725), also a very prominent man. The Schuyler of Albany was 
Peter Schuyler (1657-1724), first mayor of that city. 

Most of the New Yorkers named did a large Indian trade, and could 
therefore procure wampum. Byrd, evidently, deemed this the best cur- 
rency for use by his traders who were going to the Cherokee country. 


redeem), w ch they have promised to doe, & doe not ques- 
tion itt, unles they are gone to a Nation ab l 100 miles 
farther, to w ch (its S d ) they pretend to belong, Black wam- 
pum would oblidge Indians more than anything, w ch wee 
want. However hope to retrieve them, though twill bee 
Something dearer English Goods being plenty amongst 
those Indians, S r I beg you 1 " pardon for this trouble & if I 
can any way Serve you here please freely to command 

Hon d S r 
Yo r most Humble Serv 1 

W B 

My Service to m r Schuylers both at Yorke & Albany 
Allso to m r Livingston & all fr'ds. If Gravenradt comes for 
our parts it will bee a most ready Conveyance. If I could 
procure a Pipe of good Madera (for my Selfe) any under 
£15 St g itt would bee wellcome & if yo r convenience p'mits 
please to Send mee one, & I will pay you by Ex ca as above 

Please to returne mee a line or two by the Messenger 

W B 
To Stephanas Van Cortland, Esq r N Yorke 

To , New York 

Virg a Aug st v e 3 d 1691 
S r 

Yo rs to m r Secretary Cole by John Perry w th the Indian 
came Safe, And according to yo r demand I am Ordered by 
the L* Gov 1 * & Councell to returne you the S d Sum by bills 
of Ex ca w ch are inclosed, & if the like occasion should hap- 
pen that I could Serve you here I should very readily doe 
itt, & shall bee willing on all occasions to shew my Selfe 

S r 
Yo r ready friend to Serve you 

W B 

I returne you & your wife (to whom my Love & respects) 
thankes for y e great civility's I rec d at yo r house in N Yorke 

W B 


To the Governor of Virginia? 

May it please yo r Exlncy 

Last night Yarborough came to my house & gave mee 
an acco 1 that pursuant to the Orders they had re'd, they 
went toward the Toteroes but comeing to y e Nottoway 
river they found the waaters so high they could not passe, 
wherefore they Sent Pansioela to the Totero's to acquaint 
that others were there w th the Boy, & On friday night (the 
Kings Son of y e Toteros) One Saponee : w th Nomterccola 
y e great man of y e great man of y e came to them, 

& reed the Boy with great Satisfaction, they pretend they 
would have come in & pd their tribute at Towne, but that 
they were uncertain of y e time, but promise to bring it in 
next Gen 11 Court ; Nantuccola seems to Speake Suspiciously 
of them, y 4 if they had not speedily reed their boy, Some 
mischief would have follow'd, but afnrmes that neither 
Saponees nor Toleros, had lately been near the English, 
they haveing been a considerable time all at home till about 
tuesday last, when most of the Toteras went (as they Said) 
a hunting on the South Side Maherin River, Neither Sapo- 
nees nor Torteras have of late years planted any Come, 
till this year, & now they have a considerable quantity of 
rare ripe corne growing. So that on the whole matter what 
to guesse I know not unlesse the Senecas have been sculk- 
ing about y e English plantations to looke for y e Appo- 
matocks, If so I suppose they are gone of on Sight of our 
Rangers, shall not trouble yo r Exlncy farther, but humbly 
take leave & remain 

My L d 
Yo r Exlnay's humble & Obedient Serv* 

W B 



(Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbledon, S. W. 19, London, England. 


SAMUELL SWONE, of Brasted, co. Kent, gent. 

Dated 1 Jan. 1603. Codicil 29 June 160-1. 

Proved 15 Jan, 1604-5. 
To the poor of Brasted, 20s. 

To my wife, MARTHA, all my goods and chattels for the 
bringing up of, MARTIN, SAMUELL, WILLIAM, ELIZ- 
ABETH, ANNE, MARTHA & MARIE, my children. 
And touching the disposition of all that part of my lands 
and woods in the parish of Sondrish, co. Kent, which I late 
purchased of my nephew, WILLIAM SMITH, called Shut- 
well Bothome and 3 acres of land, called Longe croft, which 
I purchased of WILLIAM MYDLETON, lying in Brasted, 
and one acre of meadow, which I purchased of HENRY 
CROW, also in Brasted, I bequeath to my kinsmea and 
cittizen and merchant tailor of London and EDWARD 
DUCKET, cittizen and mercer of London, they to sell the 
same, and the money arising by such sale to be paid to my 
Sole Executrix : — my wife MARTHA. 
WILTON: Witnesses. 
Codicil dated 29 June 1604. 

Whereas THOMAS OVERY mortgaged unto me one acre 
of meadow in Brasted which is now forfeited unto me, 
never-theless I bequeath the same unto him again, upon 
condition he pay such debt as is owing to my Executrix. 


THOMAS MARSHAM : Witnesses. 
Proved 15 Jan. 1604-5 by the Sole Executrix named. Hayes 5 

RICHARD SWANN, of Charing- in co. Kent, gent. 

Dated 5 May 1609. Proed 17 June 1609. 

To the poor of Charing, 10s. and Lydd, 10s. 
To my brother, JOHN SWANN, gent., an annuity of £20. 
to be paid out of my part viz., the moyety of those lands 
lying in Lydd which I hold together with one Sir FRAN- 
CIS SWANN, Knight, of the parish of Denton, in said co., 
also the yerely rent which is due unto me by Sir FRANCIS, 
viz., £3. 6. 8. being the moiety of a legacy unto me by the 
Will of FRANCIS SWANN, my father, which ever since 
the death of WILLIAM SWANN my brother remayneth 
yet unpaid. To my brother, CHRISTOPHER DEERING, 
of Charing, gent. 40s. and to my sister his wife, £5. To my 
cosin, JOHN DEERING, sonne of my said brother, all the 
goods and chattels in his hands jointly used between him 
and me. To my cosen, THOMAS DEERING, one other 
sonne of my brother, £10. To my cosen, FRANCIS 
DEERING, one other of my brother's sonnes, £10. To my 
cosens, JANE & MARTHA DEERING, the daughters of 
my brother £5 each. To my cosen, CATHERINE HUD- 
SON, the wife of my cosen, GEORGE HUDSON 20s. To 
the children of my cosen BOULE, late of Warhorne, in said 
co., deceased £5. To my cosen, FRANCIS BRING- 
BORNE, 26s. Sd. and to my cosen JOHN BRINGBORNE, 
10s. To my cosen BETTES, his wife, 10s. To my cosen, 
MANNERING, his wife, 10s. To Mr. FRANCIS STON- 
ARD, 10s. To STEPHEN PEMBLE, late of Egerton, 20s. 
To the poor silenced ministers in London £10. To ROB- 



Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor: — my brother, AN- 
DREW SWAN. Overseer:— my brother, CHRISTO- 

BUSSON: Witnesses. 
Proved 17 June 1609 by the Sole Executor named. Dorset 55. 

WILLIAM SWAN, of Southfleete, in co. Kent, Knight. 

Dated 10 Feb. 1618. Proved 15 March 1618-19. 

To be buried in my chappell in the churche of Southfleete 
amongst myne ancestors. To the poore of Southfleete, an 
annuity of 20s. to be paid out of one tenement and land 
therto belonging, lying in a village neere Stonwood, in the 
parish of Stone, in said co., in the tenure of one 
PRICE. To the poore of the parish of Swanscombe, £5. 
To my daughter, MERIELL SWAN, £1,000. To my sec- 
ond sonne, GEORGE SWAN, £1,000. And whereas I have 
made him joynt purchaser with his elder brother, THOMAS 
SWAN, of a farm, called Boteshams, and the land belong- 
ing in Southfleete, my will is that at his age of 21 he is to 
surrender his estate therein to his brother THOMAS, on 
payment of £500. To my third sonne, WILLIAM SWAN, 
£1,000. To my sonne, THOMAS SWAN, all my plate and 
household stuffe whatsoever. Residuary Legatee and Sole 
Executrix: — my wife, Dame MERIELL. 
Overseers: — The Revd. father in God JOHN, now Lord 
Bishop of Rochester, Sir GEORGE WRIGHT, Knt. and 
Sir HUMFREY MAYE, Knt., Chancellor of the Dutchey 
of Lancaster. 

All my lands tenements and hereditaments, to my eldest 
son, THOMAS SWANN, and his heirs males. For default 
of such issue, to my sonne GEORGE aand his heirs males. 
For default of such issue, to my v sonne WILLIAM 


SWANN, and his heirs males. For default of such issue 

to the heirs males of JOHN SWANN, of Higham, co. Kent. 

gent. To my kinsman, THOMAS BIRKETT, that now 

serveth me £10. 



Proved 15 March 1618-19 by the Sole Executrix named. 

Parker 29. 

CHARLES SWANN, of Southfleete, co. Kent, gentle- 
man, lying sick in the house of one Mr. William Platers in 
Ditchlingham, co. Suffolk, gent., and fearing death he de- 
sired to see and speak with his brother in law, Paule Hill. 

[No date] ["a little before his death"] Proved 11 Aug. 

He declared as follows : 

To my sister Hillcs children, all my estate whatsoever, 
to be equally divided among them. 
Executor:- my brother in lawe, Paule Hill. 

"My brother Sir William Swann, is not to have twoe- 
pence of my estate." 

Richard Baispoole; William Smythe ; and others: Wit- 

Proved 11 August 1618 by the Sole Executor named. 

81 Meade. 

[Samuel Swan or Swonne, whose will appears just above, does not 
appear in the pedigree of Swan of Denton, in Berry's Kent. He 
was probably of the Southfieet branch, and his Christian name would 
indicate a possible ancestry of the Virginia and North Carolina family. 
William Swann, the emigrant to Virginia, was born in 1585, so 
might have been the son of that name mentioned in Samuel Swan's 
will. Richard Swan, whose will has the second place, was a son of 
Francis Swan, of Wye, Kent. Richard Swan was a half-uncle of 
Sir Francis Swan of Denton. 

Sir William Swan (will proved 1619) was the father of Sir 
Thomas Swan, whose will was printed in this Magazine XXVII, 154, 
and Charles Swan was a nephew of Sir William. 


Several Swan wills and a note were printed in this Magazine, 
XXVII, 153-156. 

We are indebted to Captain T. A. Ashe, of Ealeigh, N. C. for the 
following copy of a family record prepared by Samuel Swann (son of 
Col. Thomas Swann of Virginia) who removed to North Carolina. 

' ' The following is a copy of a paper compiled by Samuel Swann 
who died in 1707, (in Perquimans Co. — Albemarle, N. C.) 

' ' My Grandmother, Judith Swann, was born on the 5th day of 
February 1589, being Wednesday and died on the 16th, day of March 
1636 in the 47th year of her age and was buried at Swann 's Point. 

My Grandfather William Swann married again the 1st day of 
May 1637, and died the last of February following in the 52nd year 
of his age and was buried at Swann 's Point. 

My father, Col. Thomas Swann was born in May 1616, — was 
married to his first wife Margaret Debton the 13th of January 1630, 
by whom he had two sons and one daughter, to wit: Susannah 
Swann who was born the 26 October, 1640 — and died the 25th of 
November 1660, without issue— having been married to Maj. Wil- 
liam Marriot eight months and 22 days — and was buried at 
Swann 's Point. William Swann — who was born 30th October 1644 
and died young in London, England and was buried there. And 
Thomas Swann who was born the 23rd of March 1645 and died with- 
out issue at St. Edmunds Bury in Suffolk England the 19th of 
February 1666, and was there interred. 

My said father's first wife died the 5th of April 1646 and was 
was buried at Swann 's Point. 

My father was married to his second wife, my dear mother, Sarah 
Cod, the 13th of January 1649, by whom he had issue, likewise, two 
sons and one daughter — Sarah; who was born the 15th of October 
1651 and died the 9th of August 1652, and was buried at Swann 's 
Point. Samuel who was born the 11th May 1653, and Sampson who 
was born the 28th May 1654, and died the 1st of November 1668, and 
was interred at Swann 's Point. 

My said mother departed this life to a better, the 13th of January 
1654, having been married that day, just five years and was buried 
at Swann 's Point. 

My father was married to his third wife, Sarah Chandler, the 30th 
of July 1655, by whom he had two sons and two daughters, viz, 
Judith, who was born the 22nd April 1656 and died the 30th March 
1668 and was buried at Swann 's Point. Anne, who was born the 9th, 
of July 1657 and died the 21st of. August 1659 and was buried at 
Swann 's Point. A son — not baptized, who was born the 11th of De- 
cember 1658 and died the 20th of the same month — and another son 
born 1st November 1662 and died at the birth. 


My said father's third wife died 10th November 1662 — and was 
buried at Swann's Point. 

My father was married to his fourth wife, Ann Brown, widow and 
relict of Henry Brown, one of the Council of State, the 23rd day of 
* * * * * — who died the 12th of August 1668, without issue 
and was buried at the Four Mile Tree. 

My father married his fifth wife. Mary Mansfield the 20th of De- 
cember 1668, by whom he had issue one son and three daughters — 
Mary who was born the 5th of October 1669, who married Mr. .Richard 
Bland, Thomas and Frances, at one birth, who were born the 14th 
December 1670. 

Frances died 14th April 1676 and was buried at Swann's Point. 

Thomas married Eliza Thompson, daughter of William Thompson. 

Sarah who was born the 8th of and was first married to 

Mr. Henry Randolph and after his death to Mr. Giles "Webb. 

My honored and dear father, Col. Thomas Swann departed this 
life for a better the 16th of September 1680, being 64 years and was 
buried at Swann's Point at my Grandfather's feet." 

Extracts from a paper drawn up by Hon. Samuel Swann, Collector 
of His Majesty's Customs at Roanoke." 

My dearly and most entirely beloved wife Sarah, daughter of Wil- 
liam Drummond Esq., was born the 2nd day of March 1654, being 
Friday, about 2 of the clock in the morning, and was married to me 
the 24th March 1673 being Tuesday, — by whom I had seven sons and 
two daughters. 

My dear and most entirely beloved wife Sarah Swann departed this 
life to a better on Saturday the 18th of April 1696 about 8 o'clock in 
the morning in North Carolina, and was buried at Swann's Point in 
Surry County at her own mother's feet on Friday the 28th of the 
same month, being 41 years one month and 16 days old, having been 
married to me 22 years and as much more as from the 24th of March 
to the 18 of April aforesaid. 

My dear and entirely beloved wife Elizabeth daughter of Alexander 
Lillington of North Carolina, was born the 17th of June 1679, married 
to me the 19th of May 1698, being Thursday, the widow of John 
Tandall, by whom I had issue as follows — viz: 

1 Elizabeth who was born the 26th of June 1699, being Monday, 
about 12 o'clock at noon; baptized the 9th October following, being 
Monday. 2 Sarah who was born the 29th of December 1701, being 
Monday about a quarter of an hour before sunset — was baptized the 
2nd of February, following, being Monday. Samuel who was born 
the 31st of October 1704 being Tuesday at 1 o'clock in the afternoon. 
The Moon being full at 12 o'clock, was baptized on Thursday the 23rd 
of August 1705. 4 John Swann, who was born the 25th of April 1707 
being Friday about half an hour before Sundown and was baptized 
by William Gordon. 


Addendum of Col. Edward Moseley. 

Some of his children by his first wife were "buried at my planta- 
tion at Lawns Creek" — so there he probably resided before coming to 
Albemarle, only William, Thomas and Henry, issue of his first mar- 
riage, seem to have survived — to attain manhood. One of that branch 
was John Swann, Member of Congress. The District Attorney in New 
York (1919) descends from Sarah, No. 2 who married a Jones — one of 
her sons returning to the name of Swann, about 1790. 

The Honorable Samuel Swann Esq., Collector of His Majesty's Cus- 
toms in Eoanoke departed this life the 14th of September 1707 just 
at daybreak at his dwelling plantation in Perquimans and lies interred 
there, at whose death and funeral, I the subscriber was present. 


WILLIAM TURBERVILE of Winifrith Newborough, 
county Dorset, gent. Will 30 April 1630; proved 15 Febru- 
ary 1630/1. To repairing Winifrith Church 20s., and to the 
poor 20s. To grandchild Elizabeth Clavell daughter of 
Edward Clavell gent, a lease of lands in common fields of 
Winifrith. To Marie, Richard, Grace, Edward, and Fraun- 
ces 5 other children of said Edward £20 apiece at 21. To 
William and John Smeddmore my grandchildren £5 each 
when 21. To my grandchild John Turbervile £100 which 
his father in law Mr. William Harbin borrowed of me. To 
be employed by my brother George Turbervile in advancing 
John. My wife to give bonds to my grandchild and heir 
John Turbervile, or if he die to his brother Thomas. Resi- 
duary Legatee and Executrix : Wife Elizabeth for life. 
Overseers : Brother George Turbervile and Robert Strick- 
lande. Witnesses: George Turbervile, Thomas Hayte, 
Willm Edwards, Robert Strickland. 

St. John, 20. 

JOHN TURBERVILE of Wolbridge, county Dorset, 
Esquire. Will 5 December 1633; proved 30 April 1634. My 
body to He of Beere church where my dear Lady and wife, 
my father and other of my ancestors lie. To poor of Beere 


aforesaid £10 as stock. To repaire of Beere church 40s. 
To church of Stoake 40s. To poor of Stoake 10s. To 
churches of Woll and Winfrith 40s. apeece. To poor of 
Woll and Winfrith 20s. To my serving men (except 
Thomas Trew) £5 apeece. To Thamas Trew £6. 13s. 4d. 
To Mary TreW his wife £5. To every of my covenant 
servants 20s. apeece. To my brother George Turbervile 
two closes in East Burton, county aforesaid, for 20 years 
paying to my heir 4s. yearly. To my cosen Mathew Tur- 
bervile £10. To Grace and Mary his daughters £10 apeece. 
To the sons of my nephew William Turbervile deceased 
viz: John and Thomas Turbervile £5 apiece to be paid 
to my sister Elizabeth Turbervile their grandmother to 
their use. To my cosin Mrs. Elizabeth Rainger £50 to the 
use of her and her three sons George, Richard, and Samuel 
Reinger equally. To my cosin Margaret Streete and to 
her children by Poore and Streete £40. To my cousin 
Edward Clavells wife Bridgett and her children £30. To 
Elner and Mary daughters of my nephew Thomas Turber- 
vile gent deceased £40, And to his sons Thomas and George 
Turbervile £40. To Margery Reade widow £5. To Mary 
Watkins £5. To Widow Steventon als Burgan £3. To 
my cosin Margery Loope as a token 40s. To Thomas 
Christophers the Keeper and his wife 40s. apiece. To my 
son in law Mr. Thomas Thornhurst £10. To my cosin 
Dorothy Turbervile widow, relict of my nephew Thomas 
Turbervile £3 token of my love. To the poor at my 
funeral £6. To said Dorothy Turbervile, widow, my farm 
of Wolbridge and my lands in East Burton to have and to 
hold until her son and my heir John Turbervile shall be 22 
years, paying therefore £13. 6s. 8d. yearly. My two closes 
at West Burton, Winfrith, county Dorset to my nephew 
Mathew Turbervile gent untill such time as my heir John 
Turbervile shall be of 22 years paying during said term 10s. 
yearly. Concerning my plate, household stuff etc. at Wol- 
bridge, Beere, West Burton or elsewhere I bequeath the 
same to my heir John Turbervile, said John Turbervile and 


his mother Dorothy executors. John Fussell of Blandford, 

county Dorset gent and my well beloved brother George 

Turbervile gentlemen, Overseers. For their love 40s. 


Witnesses: John Gallton, Clarke, Mathew Turberville, 

Thos. Trew. Probate was also granted 15 September 1638 

to John Turbervile. 

Seager, 27. 

[The first of the Turberville family in Virginia, was John Turber- 
ville, who, as is shown by a deed made by him in 1726, bought land in 
Lancaster County from Henry Fleet on Nov. 9, 1680. He was J. P. for 
Northumberland in 1692. and for Lancaster 1699 or, and a member of 
the House of Burgesses for the last named county in 1703 and 1704. 
He appears to have made no will but the inventory of his personal 
estate was recorded in Lancaster Oct. 9, 1728. Various deeds show 
that he had an only son and heir, George Turberville, of Westmore- 
land county. The Virginia Turbervilles, as shown on various book 
plates and tombs, bore the same arms as Turberville of Dorset: Ermin 
a lion rampant gules crowned or. Crest: A castle argent, portcullis 

WILLIAM WALTHALL, citizen and Alderman of Lon- 

[P. A. B. St. Peter's Cornhill.] 
Dated 16 July 1608. Adm. 3 Sept. 1608- 

To be buried in the parish churche of St. Peter, in Corn- 
hill in the vault where my late wife Ciceley was buried, 
being in the chauncell and in the upper end of the South 

To the poore of the parish, £20. 

All my goods and chattels to be valued and devided into 
three parts. But forasmuch that before the marriage with 
my wife Dame Margaret Goddart there was an agreement 
made as will appear by her deed made to my brother Thom- 
as Walthall and my sonne in law, Arthur Robinson that she 
will accept £8,000 in lieu of her full thirdes. Also she hath 
agreed, and I have entered into covenant to Sir Thomas 
Bennett and Sir William Romney to pay £1,900 to her 1 

* 69; 



children, Giles Garton, Simon Garton, Elizabeth Dent & 
Alice Greene that so much of the said £1,900 as shall hap- 
pen to be unpaid shal be defaulted out of the said £8,000. 
Provided also that she pay out of the same all that I have 
disbursed for her sonne Giles Garton for the procuring his 
pardon to save his life and living from the danger of the 
Lawe, "for the surplus and charges of Billinghurst land 
more then the rentes, with the money to John Quarles 
which amounts to £750." not doubting but my wife will 
give allowance thereof to my executors as she promised me 
before her sonne in law, Mr. Francis Dent in the litle par- 
loure in my house in Fenchurch streete, 20 March 1607. 

One third part, unto my three children, Thomas, Luke & 
Elizabeth, equally amongst them. And the other third 
part, I reserve to myself towards the performance of my 

To St. Thomas Hospitall in Sowthwarke, whereof I am 
a governor, £40. To the Hospitall of St. Bartholmewes, 
and the poor house of Bridewell £20 each. 

To the poor of Bedlam, 6£. 13s. 4d. To the two Comp- 
ters in the Poultrey and in Wood streete and to Ludgate. 
£100 between them. 

To the prisoners at Newgate, the Marshallsea, Kynges 
benche, and the White Lyon in Sowthwarke, £30 between 
them. To all householders in the ward of Bishopsgate 2s 
each so far as £20 will perform. (Numerous bequests to 
various other charitable institutions etc, etc.) To William 
Batte, my godsonne, £10. To Mr. Batt's two daughters, 
that were godchildren to my wife and daughter Margaret, 
£3. 6. 8. each. To Anne Payne, my goddaughter, £10. 
To Elizabeth Bainbrig, my goddaughter, £6. 13. 4. All 
my other godchildren 10s. each. To "that olde woman my 
cosen Flower", £6. 13. 4. To the children of Robert Bris- 
towe, 40s. each. To my brother Paynes, three daughters, 
Margaret, Mary & Johane, fyve markes each. To my 
brother Banbriggs children, 40s. each. "To two kinsmen I 
have abowte Dover in Kent of my mother's side, to witt, 


Roert & Stephen Vincent," £10 each. To my sister, 
Johane Dutton, 100 markes. To Margaret Fisher, and her 
husband, £200. £100 of which her husband oweth me by 
his bond and Richard Walthall's. To their eldest daughter 
who hath married one Burne of Darbie, £30. To Johane 
Stables, my sister Dutton's daughter, £50 and £25 each to 
the children she had by her husband Higgins. To Anne 
Hubberde, mayde when my children were young, £6. 13. 4. 
To Ciceley, our mayde that dwells at Darbye, 40s. To 
Nanne and Alice that were maydes and married Feltmak- 
ers, 40s. each. To Jane Elsworthe, a poor woman, 40s. To 
Emme, mayde, now with me, £30. To Richard Walthall, 
my brother Anthony Walthall his sonne, £200. To his 
sonne William Walthall, my godsonne, £50. To my 
brother Thomas Walthall, his children, viz., John & Thomas 
Walthall, £100 each. To my sister Anne Walthall, my 
brother's wife, £20. To Godfrey Reyner, £5. To my 
brother Sylvester,. £10. To Mrs. Crockstone & Mrs 
Lewse £5. To olde John Howland, £5. To Dr. Ashpoole, a 
ring of golde, of 40s. To Shelley and his wife that keepeth 
my house at Hackney, £4. To Mr. Johnson, the preacher 
at Hackney, 40s. To my three children, Thomas, Luke and 
my daughter Elizabeth Robinson, all my plate and house- 
hold stuffe, equally divided. To the Worshipful Company 
of Mercers, £500. To my sonne Thomas Walthall, the 
house and land that I lately bought of John Bowyer, gent., 
that lyeth in Hackney. To Lambert Osbaston, on the 
Bridge, £5. To his wife and Mrs. Eaton her sister, each 
of them rings ofj golde 40s. value, "and to Mrs. Thomas." 
To Mrs, Varder, nowe the Matron of St. Thomas Hospital 
in Sowthwarke,£3. 6. 8. To Mrs. Dixon in St. Peter's 
Parish, £3. 6. 8. 

To my friends rings of gold, (the womens rings to be of 
40s. value and the mens 50s.) vizt. Sir Thomas Bennet and 
his Ladye, Sir William Rumney and his Ladye, Sir Steph- 
en Soames and his Ladye, Sir William Craven and his 
Ladye, Mr. Robert Sandye and his wife, Mr. Vernon, my 


brother and sister Stampforde, my sister Dutton, my cosen 
Richard Walthall and his wife, my sonne Dent and his wife 
my sonne Cowley and his wife, my sonne Poole, my broth- 
er Bambrig and his wife, Thomas Fisher and his wife, my 
sonne Moore, Giles Garbin, Simon Garbin, George Green and 
his wife, Godfrey Reyner and his wife, my two deputies 
and their wives, in Farrington without, Mr. Cawdwell and 
Mr. Hudson, my cousin Richard Walthall of the Manpt- 
wiche, Mr. Humphrey Walcott and his wife, Edmund 
Sleighes and Gervis Sleighes of Derbye, William Batts, on 
the Bridge, Richard Chambers and his mother Dorothy 
Chambers, Mrs. Awdley of Hackney, Mr. Humphrey Bashe 
and his wife, Sir John Manners of Haddon in Darbieshire, 
and Mr. Alderman Lemman. 

Whereas my late brother Anthony Walthall deceased, 
"fell into decay and brake", about 1581, at which time his 
creditors "sewed out the statute of banckrupts," and by 
virtue thereof did seise certeyne household stuffe in his 
dwelling house in St. Margaretts parish in Lothbury, to 
the value of £100, which the said creditors left in trust 
with me, but owing to long keeping the same is perished 
and spoiled with "moathes, rattes and vermyn and ruste 
and wormes," Therefore I leave £200 in trust with the 
Mercers Company in London, in place of the said house- 
hold stuff. "What is not perished" is in the hands of Sir 
Thomas Middleton, Knt. who marryed the widow of John 
Olmested. Md. Mr. William Walthall dyed 3 Sept. 1608 and 
this will was found lying upon a table in his compting 
house, being present at the fynding of the same, Ladye 
Margaret Goddart his wife, Mr. Thomas Walthall his 
brother, Mr. Arthure Robinson his sonne in lawe and his 
wife, his two sonnes Thomas Walthall & Luke Walthall 
and his cosen Mr. Richard Walthall. 

3 Sept. 1608. Administration granted to Elizabeth Robin- 
son als Walthall, daughter of said deceased, no Executor 
being named. 

85 Windebanke. 


LUKE WALTHALL citizen and Mercer of London.* 
Dated 30 May 1617. Adm. 16 Dec. 1617 

To the poor of the parish of Westham, co. Essex, £4. 
and to the poor of the parish of St. Peters in Cornhill, Lon- 
don, £4- 

Residuary Legatee and sole Executor : my eldest sonne, 
William Walthall. 

Overseers : Charles Pressey, Esq., Humfrey Browne of 
London, merchant Edward Panton, gentleman and Thomas 
Hobson, merchant. 

Robert Jenyngs, vicar of Westham, Raphe Turner & 
John Thomas, Scrivener, Witnesses.. 

16 Dec. 1617. Administration granted to Mary Walthall 
relict of said deceased, to administer, during the minority 
of William Walthall, the son and sole executor named. 

120 Weldon. 

THOMAS WALTHALL, thelder, citizen and mercer of 

[P. A. B. of St. Peters Cornhill-] 

Dated 14 May 1611. Proved 11 May 1613. 

[at top of Will] 

Dated 23 April 1613. [at end of Will] 

To be buried in the parish church of St. Peter's on Corn- 
hill in London, near unto the place where my brother Alder- 
man Walthall, was buried. 

My executors to provide for 50 poore men, mourning 
gownes of black, six of them to be of the chief porters of 
the Mercers Company, and they to carry my corpse to the 

To the poore of St. Peter's, on Cornhill, 5 marks. To 
James Buffeilde, a poor water bearer, 20s. To the "Wand- 
ringe and Roagish poore", 5 markes to be distributed 
amongst them by two pence each. To Christs Hospitall, 
£5. My goods and chattels and things whatsoever, to be 
divided into three parts. One third to my wife, another 
third to my two sonnes and another third to perform my 


legacies etc. I owe certain legacies given by my late 
brother William Walthall, deceased which are not yet due, 
but as they become so, my executors are to see them paid. 
The house wherein 1 dwell, "being a lease belonging unto 
the worshipful Company of Mercers", my Wife to enjoy 
the same, and after her decease my two sonnes John & 
Thomas Walthall. To some learned man to preach at my 
funeral, 20s. To my godsonne Humfrey Walcott, the 
younger, a guilte cupp, of 5 markes value. To my sonne, 
John Walthall, my seale ring, with my Armes ingraven on 
it. To my second sonne Thomas Walthall, anotlier golde 
ring, with my usual mark ingraven in the same. To Mr. 
Godfrey Reynor, a golde ringe, prayeing him to be helpful 
unto my sonne John in getting in my small estate which is 
abroad. To my friend Mr. Thomas Chapman, scrivenor, 
a cupp ,of guilte of 5 markes value. To my friend Mr. 
John Vernor, a ring of golde, of 40s. value. To John Wal- 
cott, the sonne of Mr. Humfrey Walcott, of London, grocer 
being now Student in Trinity Colledge, Cambridge, 40s. 
To my sonnes Tutor, Mr. Cearle, 40s. To my sonne John 
the tenement, at the old Jurie ende, now in the occupation 
of Francis Childe, a Chandler. 

Executors : My wife Anne Walthall and my sonne John 

Overseers : Mr. Humfrey Walcott, thelder, grocer, and 
my brother in lawe Mr. Humfrey Robinson, grocer and 
my friend Mr. Thomas Dalbye. 

Proved 11 May 1613 by the Executors named. 

[No Witnesses.] 

47 Capell. 

[William Walthall, merchant, lived in Henrico County, Va., as early 
as 1656. He probably came from London. In his will, dated Aug 2. 
1669, Raphael Throckmorton, of London, bequeathed £10 to "my 
dear wives brother Mr. William Walthall, now living in Virginia ' '. If 
the marriage of Eaphael Throckmorton could be found in some Lon- 
don register, William Walthall of Virginia, might be connected with 
the testators above.] 


HENRY WOODHOUSE of Waxtonsham alias Wax- 
ham, in co. Norfolk, Knight. 

Dated 18 Sept. 1624. Admon 4 Feb, 1624-5. 

Whereas by Indenture made between me, of the one part 
and Nicholas Bacon, of Redgrave, in co. SufT, Esqr. now 
Knight Baronet, of the other, bearing date 2 June 17 Eliz. 
It was covenanted by me to convey the mannor of Wax- 
ham alias Waxtonsham, with all the lands and tenements 
belonging, to William Woodhouse, my eldest sonne, nowe 
knight, and to his heirs males. And whereas I afterwards 
did by fine and recovery convey the said mannor and lands 
to the intent of the said Indenture as by the records of the 
Court of Common Pleas it doth more plainly appear. Now 
I. being indebted to John Dee, citizen and goldsmith, of 
London for £400 and to William Engham of London, gent, 
for £100, I appoint unto them for the payment of the same, 
the profits of one close called the hundred acre close, con- 
containing by estimation 103 acres and one other close, 
called the midle Deanes, containing 50 acres, and another 
piece of ground called Lower Deanes, containing fower 
score acres, now in the tenure of Richard Cubit &John Les- 
ingham, for 5 years. Residuary Legatee and Sole Execu- 
trix : my now wife, Dame Cicely. 

James Sherringham, Samuel Walpoole, scriv. Witnesses. 

4 Feb. 1624-25. Administration granted unto Thomas 
Elwin, one of the creditors of deceased, the Executrix, 
Dame Cecile Woodhouse, renouncing. 

15 Clarke. 

[Sir Henry Woodhouse, whose will is given above, was the father 
of Sir William Woodhouse, and of Captain Henry Woodhouse, Governor 
of Bermuda. Henry, son of the latter settled in Virginia. It is 
probable that the Sir William Woodhouse, who died 1639, and whose 
will has been printed XXVI, 40, was not father of Capt. Henry, as 
there stated, but his brother. 

See this Magazine XXVI, 38-40, and references there given. J 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 41 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 

Instructions to Lord Culpeper. 


57 You are to give all due encouragement 
To encourage and invitation to merchants and others who 

Trade and shall bring trade unto our said colonie or 
the African any way contribute to the advantage thereof, 
Comp y . and in particular to the Royal African Com- 
pany of England. 

58 And you are to take care that there be 
To Suffer no trading from Virginia or any of the 

none to trade Territory depending thereon to any place 

in Africa or part in Africa within the Charter of the 

within the Royal African Comapny. And you are not 

Charter of to suffer any ships to bee sent thither with- 

the Company out their leave or authority. 

without leave. 

59 And as wee are willing to recommend 
To endeavour unto the said Company that the said Colo- 
that their pay- nie may have a constant and sufficient sup- 
ments be duly ply of Merchantable Negroes at moderate 

made. rates in money or commodities, you are to 

take special care that payment be duly made 
and within a competent time, according to 
their agreement. It being against reason 
to expect that any should send good wares 
to a known bad market. 

60 Our Will and Pleasure is, and wee do 
To observe hereby strictly commend and enjoyn you 

the Treaty of carefully to observe all the articles con- 
Madrid 1670, tained in the late Treaty for the composing 


between Eng- of differences and the establishing of Peace 
land and in America concluded at Madrid the 8-18 
Spain. day of July, 1670, between Us and the 

Crown of Spain, an authentick copie where- 
of you shall herewith receive. 

61 And in case any private injury or dam- 
To give an age shall be offered or done to any of our 

account of all subjects in those parts by any of the sub- 
Injuries done jects of the King of Spain, you shall take 
by the care to give Us an account with all con- 

Spaniards venient speed by one of our principal Sec- 
there, and not retary's of State or to the Lords of Our 
to Suffer any Privy Council appointed a Committee for 
other repara- Trade and Foreign Plantation. And not to 
tion than permit or encourage reparations thereof to 
is directed be sought in any other way than what is 
by Treaty. directed and agreed in the said Articles of 

62 And Our Will and Pleasure is that you 
To give an doe from time to time give unto Us and the 

acc't of the Lords of the Commitee for Trade and Plan- 
strength of tation an account of what strength your 
the neigh- bordering neighbours have (bee they In- 
bours. dians or others) by Sea and Land, and what 

correspondency you doe keep with them. 

63 And whereas, wee think it fit for y e bet- 
A Law for as- ter administration of Justice that a Law bee 

certaining) passed in the Assembly wherein shall be set 

what Estate the value of Men's Estates, either in goods 

Jurors or Lands under which they shall not bee 

ought to have capable of serving as Jurors, Our pleasure 

to bee pre- is that at the first opportunity of transmit- 

pared and ting any Laws hither for Our approbation 

sent over according to Our Instructions before ex- 

for appro- pressed you preprae anH send one to that 

bation. purpose. 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 43 

64 You are not for the future to admit or 
To admit no allow of any appeals whatsoever to bee 
appeals to the made from the Governor and Council unto 

Assembly. the Assembly. But whereas wee judge it 
Appeals above absolutely necessary that all Our Subjects 
£100 to be may have liberty to apeal to Our Royal 
submitted to Person in cases that may deserve the same, 
the King and Our Will and Pleasure is that if either 
Council, Se- party shall not rest satisfied with the Judg- 
curity being ment or Sentence of the Governor and 
given by the Council, they may then appeal unto Us in 
Appell 1 to the Our Privy Council, provided the matter in 
answer costs, difference exceed the real value and Summ 
and to pass a of One Hundred pound sterling, and that 
Law for the Security bee alsoe given by the Appellant to 
limitation of answer such charges as shall be awarded 
Appeals to the in case the Sentence of the Governor and 
Government Council in Virginia bee confirmed. And pro- 
& Council. vided alsoe that Execution bee not sus- 
pended by reason of any such appeal unto 
Us. And whereas, it may not bee let that 
appeals bee too frequently and for too small 
a value brought unto Our Governor and 
Council ; you shall therefore with the ad- 
vice of the Council propose a Law to be 
passed wherein the method and limitation 
of Appeals unto the Governor and Council 
may be setled and restrained in such manner 
as shall be found most convenient and easy 
to Our subjects in Virginia. 

65 You shall endeavour to get a Law passed 
To endeavour for the restraining of any inhuman severity 
to pass a Law which by ill masters or overseers may be 
against the in- used towards their Christian Servants or 

humanity of Slaves. And you are alsoe with the as- 

Masters & sistance of the Council and Assembly, to 

Overseers and find out the best means to facilitate and en- 


to encourage courage the conversion of Negroes to the 
the conversion Christian Religion, wherein you are to leave 
of the Ne- a due caution and regard to y e property of 
groes to the Inhabitants and safety of the Colonies. 
with regard to 
the property 
of the Inhabi- 
tants and 
Safety of the 

66 You are to recommend to the Council and 
To recom- Assembly the raising of stocks and building 

mend to the of Publick Workhouses in convenient places 

Assembly for the imploying poor and indigent people. 

to raising 

a publick 

stock and 
building of 
for the poor. 

67 And you shall cause a survey to be taken 
To take a sur- of all the considerable Landing places and 
vey of Land- Harbours in the said Colonie, and with the 

ing places advice of the said Council erect in any of 
and Harbours, them such Fortifications as shall be neces- 
and to erect sary for the Security and advantage of Our 
fortifications Said Colonie which shall be done at the 
at the publick Public Charge of the Country; not doubt- 
charge, ing of the chearful concurrence of the In- 
habitants thereunto from the common se- 
curity and benefit they will receive thereby. 

68 You shall likewise endeavour all you can 
To dispose the to dispose the Planters to build Towns upon 

planters to every River, and especially one at least on 

build Towns every great River, as tending very much 

upon every to their security and profit. And in order 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 


River and to thereunto you are to take care that after 
permit noe sufficient notice to provide warehouses and 
ships to un- other conveniences, noe ships whatsoever 
load but at be permited to load or unload, but at the 
such Towns, said places where the towns are settled. And 
Building of whereas, wee are given to understand that 
James Town Jamestown is not only y e most antient but 
to be encour- the most convenient place for y e Metropo- 
aged. lis of Our said Colonie, you are to direct all 

possible means to be used for the speedy Re- 
building of the same. As also to take care 
that the Chief Post y e usual place of your 
residence the Courts of Justice and other 
Public Offices attending the Government be 
setled and continued in that place. For the 
better accomplishing of which Our designs 
you shall in Our Name, let Our Counsel- 
lors and chief Inhabitants in that Our Colo- 
nie know that wee shall take it very well 
at their hands if they shall alsoe contribute 
thereunto, by building, every one of them, 
one or more houses, as occasion shall offer, 
and of the success thereof you shall from 
time to time give us an account by one of 
Our principal Secretaries of State and by 
Our Committee for Trade and Foreign 

69 Our Will and Pleasure is that all servants 

All Servants that shall come to be transported to Our 

are to serve said Colonie of Virginia shall serve their re- 

the time pre- spective Masters for the term prescribed by 

scribed by the Laws of that Our Colonie. And the 

Law; Each to said Servants shall at the end of the said 

have 50 acres term have 50 acres of Land set out and 

after the said assigned to every of them respectively to 

term. have and to hold to them and every of them 

their Heirs and Assigns for ever under the 

Rent and Dutys usually paid and reserved. 


70 And whereas Wee are very much dis- 

To repeal the satisfied at several Laws passed at a Grand 
Acts in 1676 Assembly begun at Green Spring on the 
as also an Act 20th of February, 1676, during the Govern- 
concerning ment of Sir William Berkley, which are not 
appeals how only disagreeable to the Powers residing 
to be brought in the Government there but derogatory to 
and all Acts Our gracious Proclamation bearing date the 
allowing ap- 20th of October in the 28th year of Our 
peals to the Reign and prejudicial to the good of Our 
Assembly, but said Colonic You are therefore to signify 
appeals to the Our Royal Pleasure at such time after your 
general Arrival as you shall find most convenient for 

Courts to be Our service. That such of the said Laws 
as formerly. as are not yet repeal'd, viz, An Act limit- 
ing times of receipt and payment of Public 
Tobaccos, an Act regulating Ordinarys and 
the Prices of Liquors; An Act disposing 
Americaments upon Past Actions ; An Act 
for Laying of Parish Levys ; as alsoe one 
Act passed at a Grand Assembly begun at 
Middle Plantation on the 10th of October, 
1677, viz. : An Act for signing Executions 
and Judgments in the Assembly; as like- 
wise an Act made at a Grand Assembly held 
at James Citty the 3rd of March, 1662, en- 
titled Appeals, how to be made and all 
others to the same effect allowing appeals 
to the Assembly, bee all forthwith repealed 
and declared void. Provided always that 
all appeals from the County Courts and 
other inferior Courts shall be made by the 
General Court in such manner as formerly 
until Our further Pleasure bee known 

71 You are likewise from time to time to 

To give an give us by one of Our principal Secretarys 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 


account of the 

wants of the 


To encourage 
the manuring 

of Vines, 
Silk, Hemp, 
Flax, Pitch 
& Potashes, 
and to provide 
for the Same 
by Law. 


To consider 

of a restraint 

for the 

planting of 


of State and Our Committee for Trade and 
Foreign Plantations an account of the 
wants and defects of y e said Colonie and 
Territorys under your Government. What 
the chief products of them are, What new 
Improvements the industry or invention of 
the Planters hath afforded? What prob- 
able advantage may be gained by Trade? 
and which way you conceive wee may con- 
tribute towards them. 

And you shall particularly endeavour to 
advance the Plantation and production of 
Vines, Silks, Hemp, Flax, Pitch and Pot- 
ashes, for which wee are well assured that 
Climate and Soile is very proper, and for 
the Encouraging thereof Wee are desirous 
that new and greater rewards be given in 
proportion to y e great benefit that Our 
Colonie would in a short time reap thereby. 
And that provision be accordingly made for 
it in the first Laws you shall transmit unto 
Us for Our approbation. 

And whereas Wee have been formerly 
moved to put some restraint on the planting 
of Tobacco in that Our Colonie We rec- 
ommend the consideration of this matter to 
you and Our Council there, wherein you 
may likewise consult the Assembly if you 
see fit. To the end that upon due delibera- 
tion of what is best for that Our Colonie 
and upon notice thereof given to Us by 
one of Our principal Secretarys of State and 
to Our Committee of Trade and Plantation, 
Wee may order and establish such good 
rules as may be for the Publick benefit of 
Our Subjects there. 



74 And whereas Wee have thought fit to 
In case any dispose of certain Offices and Places in 

Patent Office Our said Colonie of Virginia by Letters 
bee vacant Patent under Our Great Seals of England, 
to provide Our Will and Pleasure is that you take care 
one to officiate that the said several Offices and Places be 
till the King's freely and without any molestation enjoyed 
pleasure be and held by the respective persons to whom 
known, taking granted or their sufficient Deputys. And in 
security for case any of the said Patentees or their Dep- 
the mean utys shall misbehave themselves in the dis- 
profits. charge of any of the said Offices, Our Will 
and Pleasure is that you only suspend 
them from y e execution of their said Places 
till you shall have represented the whole 
matter and receive Our Pleasure and de- 
termination thereupon, taking care that 
those who shall in the meantime be ap- 
pointed by you to execute any of the said 
offices give security to be accountable for 
the clear profits of the same to the respec- 
tive Patentees. 

75 And whereas, by the advice of Our 
To the Council, we have thought fit to establish 

Governor and allow a comfortable subsistance and 

£2000 and for salary for you, Our Governor and Our other 

life and £150 chief Officers in that Our Colonie, you shall 

p annum till according to Our said Establishment re- 

the Colonie ceive and take to your own use as Gover- 

provide a nor out of the first moneys raised or to be 

house to Ofn- raised there the yearly summe of Two Thou- 

cers civil and sand Pounds, from the death or other avoid- 

military as ance of Sir William Birkley, Our late Gov- 

formerly and ernor there, payable per diem during your 

to transmit natural life. As alsoe the summe of One 

the accounts. Hundred and fifty pounds yearly until Our 

said Colonie shall have provided a house 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 


and plantation for you and Our Governor 
for the time being, which Wee expect and 
command to see done with all speed. And 
you shall alsoe pay out of the Next Reven- 
ues of Our said Colonie to the Council- 
lors and other Judges and Officers, as well 
Civil as Military, and to the Marsnal Clerks 
of the Assembly, Gunners and Matrosses the 
several Salaries and Allowances formerly 
paid, or such other reasonable ones as you 
with the advice of Our Council there shall 
think requisite, A true account whereof you 
shall from time to time transmit unto Our 
Lord High Treasurer or the Commissioners 
of Our Treasury for the time being, and to 
the Lords of Our Privy Council appointed 
a Committee for Trade and Foreign Plan- 

76 Whereas upon considering the entries in 

To use all Our Custom house here in England with the 
means for pre- payment of the two shillings per Hogshead 
venting on Tobacco and other duties and imposition 
abuses in the due to Us in Virginia. We are certainly in- 
payment of formed of great frauds and abuses both 
Tobacco du- in the payment thereof by Masters of Ships 
ties, and to and others and in the collection by Our 
take care that Officers, you are to use all legal means for 
y e several the prevention thereof and for the Improve- 
officers be ment of Our said Revenues. And whereas 
diligent etc. sush abuses cannot be committed without 
the apparent negligence of the collectors or 
their connivance with the said Masters of 
Ships and other persons, you are strictly to 
charge and command them and every of 
them in Our Name to be more diligent and 
carefull for the future, under penalty of for- 
feiture of their respective places by your 



Power to en- 
hance the 
price of For- 
eign Coyn by 

in all pay- 
ments except 
upon the act 
for & 3 per 
w ch are to be 
in sterling 


All Levy's 

Fines and 


to be to the 


Writs to 
issued in 

putting others in their stead on the first of- 
fence and of Our Highest Displeasure. And 
you are from time to time to give Us a par- 
ticular account of your proceedings herein 
and of the Dutys and Impositions collected 
and disposed of pursuant to former direc- 
tions signified in that behalfe. 

And whereas it hath been represented 
unto Us that it is necessary for the good 
of Our said Colonie to raise the price of 
Foreigne Coyne, Our Will and Pleasure is 
that you proceed therein in such manner as 
with the advice and consent of the Council 
you shall in your discretion find convenient 
soe as the enhancement of the price bee 
made and signified by Proclamation, ex- 
cepting always what shall be given in pay- 
ment upon the Act of 2 sh per hogshead on 
Tobacco exported and for other Dutys pay- 
able to Us and to the Government which 
are all to be satisfied in Sterling Money ac- 
cording to the same value as formerly and 
not otherwise. 

And whereas in Laws for levying of 
money and raising a Public revenue and in 
Penal Laws there have been hitherto 
clauses whereby the Levies, Fines and For- 
feitures are appropriated unto the Publick 
without any mention made of Us or unto 
Us for the Publick use which are deroga- 
tory to Our Right of Sovereignty; you 
shall take care that the same be altered and 
made agreeable to the stile of such Laws 
within Our Kingdom of England. 

And for a further mark of Our Supreme 
and Immediate Authority, Wee do hereby 
signify unto you Our Express commands 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 51 

the King's That all Writs bee issued in Our Royal 
name. name throughout Our said Colonie and Do- 

minion notwithstanding any former usage 
to the contrary. 

80 And whereas Wee were pleased by Our 

That an order Instructions dated in December, 1679, to 
of the 22nd direct you to signify Our high resentment 
Dec. 1681 dis- of a seditious Declaration made by the As- 
approving the sembly of Virginia during the Government 
declaration of of Coll. Jefferies whereby they set forth 
the Assembly that Our Commissioners having called for 
under the and forced from the Clerk of the Assembly 
Government all the original Journals of the Assembly, 
of Colo. Jef- which power they supposed wee would not 
feries be en- grant them, for that they find not the same 
tered in the to have been practiced by any of the Kings 
Council Book, of England, and did therefore take the same 
and to propose to be a violation of their privilege desirnig 
a bill to with all satisfaction to be given them that 
declare noe such violation of their privilege should 

His Maj ties be offered for the future. W ch significance 
rights to com- of our resentment you have hitherto sus- 
mand the pended by the advice and Petition of the 
records. whole Council there. To the end therefore 
that such unwarrantable proceedings of that 
Assembly may not be taken for a presi- 
dent hereafter and seem to have Our Al- 
lowance, Wee have therefore thought fit 
by an Order in Our Privy Council dated 
21st of December 1681, to signify Our Pleas- 
ure herein and to declare that although wee 
are pleased to pardon the persons who 
have offended herein, Wee do nevertheless 
wholly disapprove the said Declaration and 
have directed that not only all Records to 
that effect may be taken off the File and 
razed out of the Books in Virginia which 



said Order Our Royal Will and pleasure 
is that you cause to be entered in the Reg- 
istry of Our said Council there, and that 
you likewise propose a Bill to the next 
Assembly for condemning the said proceed- 
ings and declaring the right of Us and Our 
Officers to call for all the Publick Records 
and Journals whenever it shall be thought 
necessary for Our Royal Service. 

81 And if anything shall happen that may 

To take order be of advantage and security to the said 
in all things Colonie and other the Territorys depending 
for the good thereon, which is not herein or by Our Com- 
of the Colony mission provided for, Our Will and Pleas- 
till further ure is and Wee do hereby allow unto you 
directions with the advice and consent of the Council 
soe as not to to take order for the present therein : Giv- 
declare warr ing Us by one of Our principal Secretarys 
without com- of State and to the Lords of Our Privy 
mand. Council appointed a Committee for Trade 

and Foreign Plantation speedy notice 
thereof, that soe you may receive Our rati- 
fication if Wee shall approve the same. Pro- 
vided always and Our Will and Pleasure 
is that you do not by color of any power or 
authority hereby given you commence or de- 
clare warr without Our Knowledge and 
command therein except it bee against In- 
dians, of which you shall give Us a par- 
ticular account with all speed. 

82 Lastly, you shall upon all occasions give 
To give an unto Us by One of Our principal Secre- 

acc 1 of tarys of State and y e Lords of Our Privy 

proceedings. Council appointed a Committee for Trade 

and Foreign Plantation a particular acco. 

of all vour proceedings and of the condition 

of affairs within your government : 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 53 

The Instruc- Our Will and Pleasure being that Our 

tions dated former Instruction given you the Sixth day 

the 6 th Dec 1 " of December, 1679, doe from the date hereof 

1679 made become void and of none effect. 


A True Copy Teste 



A while ago, on unearthing some papers of Colonel 
Robert Burton of Granville County, N. C, I ran across an 
old paper, mutilated and in part indecipherable, entitled 
"A General Meeting of the Freeholders of the County of 
Mecklenburg on the 29th day of July, 1774." So far as I 
can learn, this paper has not hitherto found its way into 
print. Accordingly I am submitting it for publication of 
the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 

Bancroft attributes the credit for inaugurating the 
system of intercolonial committees of correspondence to 
that "young statesman of brilliant genius," Dabney Carr. 
From the investigation of Dr. Eckenrode, it would seem 
that the "first intercolonial intelligence bureau" owed its 
inception to "the fertile brain of Richard Henry Lee."* 

After Dunmore, the governor of Virginia, dissolved the 
Assembly on May 25, 1774, the Burgesses "retired from the 
official state house to the Williamsburg tavern, where in 
that so-called Apollo room, dedicated to colonial mirth and 
revel," they decided to propose a general congress of the 
colonies. In particular the meeting issued a call for the 
election of delegates from the counties to a convention of 
the colony ; and this convention was set to meet at Will- 
iamsburg on August 1, 1774. 

The object of the meeting at Williamsburg was to con- 
sider further the state of public affairs and, more particu- 
larly, to appoint deputies to the general congress, which 
was to be convened at Philadelphia on the 5th of Septem- 
ber following. 

The first of these committees, it appears, were formed in 
the Virginia towns in May and June, 1774. f 

*H. J. Eckenrode: The Revolution in Virginia. 33. 
tMagazine of History (1906) 3,153. 


"Dunmore (afterward Shenandoah) County also elected 
a committee on June 16, 1774, and Fairfax on June 18, at a 
meeting over which George Washington presided."** 

Other counties followed, but a number of them did not 
elect committees; and some, notably Mecklenburg, did not 
even choose representatives in time. But, as the paper 
printed below evidences, the Mecklenburg meeting never- 
theless expressed in formal declaration their sentiments 
upon the grave matters then at issue. 

Before printing the papers, a word upon Robert Burton 
may be in order. He was born in Mecklenburg County, 
Virginia, in 1747 ; and settled in Granville County, North 
Carolina, about 1775. He was married to Agatha, only 
daughter of Judge John Williams and Agnes Bullock, the 
widow of Lord Keiling, on October 12, 1775.$ Through 
this connection, he became interested in the Transylvania 
Land Company and made a hazardous trip to Boones- 
borough and return (1775-6), to visit the rich Kentucky 
lands recently purchased fro mthe Cherokee tribe of In- 
dians through the agency of Colonel Richard Henderson, 
president of the Transylvania Land Company. In 1785, he 
was elected a delegate to the Continental Congress; but did 
not report at Philadelphia until May 22, 1787. In recogni- 
tion of the fact that John Paul Jones derived his appoint- 
ment in the American navy from North Carolina, Burton 
in 1789 presented to the State of North Carolina a replica of 
Houdon's bust of Jones. In 1801, Robert Burton was one 
of the Commissioners from N. C. to settle the long-disputed 
boundary between North Carolina, South Carolina, and 
Georgia. He died in 1825. 

Below follows an exact transcript of the document found 
among the papers of Colonel Robert Burton. I am here- 
with presenting the original to the Virginia Historical 

University of North Carolina, 
Chapel Hill, N. C. 
September 22, 1919. 

**Eckenrode, ibid, 34. {Marriage find at Oxford, N. C. 




THE 29th DAY OF JULY, 1774. 


Whereas by the Delay of the Writ of Election for this 
County, we are prevented from choosing Representatives, 
in time, in whom we may confide, to express our senti- 
ments, upon the important matters Recommended to the 
members of the late house of Burgesses by some of the 
Northern Colonies, the Consideration of which is Refer'd 
to the first day of August next. 

Nevertheless we deem it expedient to Transmit our 
Opinions to the said meeting, lest we should be supposed 
Inattentive to the common cause of America at this Alarm- 
ing Crisis. 

We therefore unanimously declare — 

That we entertain the most Cordial Affection to his 
Majesty's Person and that nothing, on our parts, shall ever 
impede our duty to our King, or conduce to violate the 
sacred Bonds of Amity and Allegiance condition'd 
between us. — 

That as our King and Father we look up to him with 
Reverential awe and Filial Piety, not imputing to him the 
evils we feel but Imploring the Assistance of his Royal 
Person on our behalf. — 

That in Return for our Loyalty and firm Allegiance, we 
are Intitled to his Majesties Protection, whenever our 
Civil Rights, as British Subjects, are Invaded. — 

That the congeniality of our constitutional principles, 
with those of Great Britain, long [un?] interrupted usage, 
the Faith of Kings, natural Justice and [mutilated] Right, 
have confirm'd to us our civil liberties [words indecipher- 

That the King at the head of his American Assemblies, 
constitutes a supreme Legislature in the Respective Colo- 
nies. — 


That to admit a supreme Legislative power in the Brit- 
ish parliament over the Colonies is giving the Crown a 
double Influence, and enlarging the limited Rights of the 
Prerogative, in a manner dangerous to American Liberty. 

That the Right of Taxation is an Appendage to Free- 
dom, and that no Power on Earth can justly deprive us 
(of) our property, without our consent. — 

That the right of granting aids to our sovereign, for the 
Exigencies of Government, or the support of the Crown, in 
measure and manner best suited to our state and Circum- 
stances, is constitutionally vested in the people of this 
Country. — 

That we will contend for this inestimable privilege, at 
the Hazard of our Lives and Fortunes, it being our best 
security against the Alienation of the Royal Favor, a 
Privilege that may disarm Tyranny itself and draw the 
smiles of sovereignty upon us. — 

We will therefore most cheerfully concur in every Justi- 
fiable Measure to Procure a Repeal of all such acts of the 
British parliament, as either Express or imply the parlia- 
ment's Right to Tax America. — 

We sympathise with our Distressed fellow subjects in 
the Town of Boston, who by the late Act of the British 
parliament, are cutt off from the common benefits of Hum- 
anity; we wish to administer to their Relief, and will readi- 
ly adopt every measure productive of this end, that may be 
consistent with our duty to our King, and warranted by 
those moral Obligations, that should ever subsist among 
Mankind. Virtue forbids, 'tho Policy may licence, a vio- 
lation of that Faith we Owe to our King and to his People. 




(From State Auditor's Papers, Now in State Library.) 


12 Ditto paid John Sankard for Nath- 
an Bagnel for a Quantity of Duck 
furnished the Army 11 10 

Ditto paid John Ta/sewll for Lead 

sold the Country. 3 9 2 

Ditto paid Thomas Miller far use 
Richard James for Arms pur- 
chased for the use of the Public 99 6 4 

Ditto paid William White for a 

Gun furnished the Army 3 9 2 

1776 To Cash paid John Skinner for 
February Wood furnish'd the Army 8 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for Sarah Dixon 

for Wood supplied the Army—. 3 12 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Fields 

for Ditto. 7 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Arm- 

isteadfor Beef furnis'h the Army 3 10 10 

Ditto paid Thomas Warren for a 
Gun furnish'd the Public 3 

Ditto paid Isham Allen for Provi- 
sions & Fodder to the Army 2 3 9 

Ditto paid Thomas Wilks for a 
Gun sold for public u,se. 4 

Ditto paid James Anderson Bal- 
ance of his account settled for 
Smiths work done for the use of 
the Public. 119 2 10}^ 


Ditto paid George Lyne for For- 
rage etc., furnished the Army_.. 13 5 

13 Ditto paid Joseph Scott for his 

pay as an Adjutant in theArmy 17 1? 

Ditto paid Thomas Prosser for 
Drum & Colours to the Henrico 
Militia 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for a Gun fur- 
nished the Public Service 2 10 

Ditto paid Jeremiah Underwood 
for Provisions furnished the 
Army 11 8 

Ditto paid William Dalton for a 1 

Gun furnish 'd for the use of the 
Public 4 2 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Willoughby 

Old for provisions furnish 'd ditto 7 10 

Ditto paid William Ellison for a 

Gun sold for the use of the public 2 5 

Ditto paid Edward Wilkinson for 
John Davis for a Gun for the 
public 4 

Ditto paid John Morris for Fodder 

furnished the Army ....45 11 4 

14 Ditto paid William Pearson for 

Leather furnish 'd the Public 8 5 9 

Ditto paid Samuel Boush for Rob 
Waller for Corn furnish 'd the 
Army 14 9 

Ditto paid John Page for use of 
Samuel Deney balance due him 
for srrvice in mounting cannon 
for Public use 25 5 

Ditto paid William Sclater for 
Arms furnish 'd the Public ser- 
vice 13 10 

Ditto paid Thomas Keith for Wag- 
onage to the Army 62 10 


Ditto paid Robert Anderson for 
work done on a Rowe Galley. _ 4 

Ditto paid Henry Davis for John 
Talbot for Sundry Arms sold the 
Public . _ _ 150 

Ditto paid David Minge for nec- 
essaries furnish'd the Militia at 

S. Point 77 13 8 

1776 To Cash paid Burges Ball balance 
Februa' 14 by his Recruiting Money 20 1 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms fur- 
nished the public service 8 7 6 

Ditto paid James Dilland for 
Board & Necessaties to a sick 
soldier 10 

15 Ditto paid Alexander Purdie for 

sundries supplied to the Army.... 4 1 

Ditto paid Thomas Walker for 
Brushes & Peckers furn'd the 
Army 6 16 

Ditto paid John Dandridge for a 
Gun furnished the public service 3 10 

Ditto paid Sarah Spotswood for 

Nursing sick soldier 2 10 

Ditto paid Jacob Faulcon for 2 
Barrells Corn to the Army 1 

Ditto paid Benjamin Fox for Fod- 
der furnish'd the Army 17 6 

Ditto paid Daniel Taylor for Fod- 
der furnish'd the Army 8 

Ditto paid Captain William Goos- 
ley for pay of his Company & 
Provisions furnish'd the Troops 
stationed at York 231 3 4 

16 Ditto paid William Barrett for 

Ferriages the Troops 9 3 6 

Ditto paid John Cosby for Pro- 
visions to a Guard of M. Men 
on Duty 24 13 


Ditto paid Joil Sterdivant for pay 

of a Guard of Militia on Duty.... 36 19 3 

Ditto paid James Barbour for 
Drom furnish 'd the Culpepper 
Battallion__ „ 25 5 

Ditto paid P. R. Francis Lee for 
the Recruiting service furnish 'd 
his Company 26 13 4 3^ 

Ditto paid C. Tompkins for Pro- 
visions furnish 'd his Company.. 50 

Ditto paid Merit Westwood for 
Wood furnish 'd the Troops at 
Hampton 35 5 

Ditto paid for John Cowling for 
Ditto. _ 12 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Maloy 
(say Francis) Ditto 27 

Ditto paid David Jamison for 
Medicines, etc., furnish'd the 
Troops at York _ 8 9 

Ditto paid William Lively for a 

Gun sold the Public 2 10 

Ditto paid William Smith for 38. 
Gun furnish'd his Company M. 

Men 101 15 

17 Ditto paid William Aylett for Corn 

furnish'd the Army. 52 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for George Reid 

Guns furnish'd the Army 19 17 6 

Ditto paid SamEel Boush for John 

Jones for a gun to the Public 4 

DittT paid Ditto for Thomas Bres- 
sie pay of a guard at the Great 

Bridge.. 42 

1776 ToCash paid Samuel Boush for 
Samuel Butt for a Mare lost in 
the service 13 


Ditto paid Hreny Laughton for 
Dixon & Hunter Blank returns 
to the Army 4 5 iy 2 

Ditto paid Simon Triplett for Wag- 
gonage to the Public Service 26 

Ditto paid Ditto for Joseph Far- 
mer for Ditto 11 

Ditto paid Ditto for Johnathan 
Davis Ditto 16 

Ditto paid Ditto for Samuel B'vans 

Ditto. _ 5 13 6 

Ditto paid Augustine Moore for 

Ditto. 15 10 

Ditto paid Solomon Shepherd for 
Cap'n Charles Connor for pay of 
his Company of Minute Men in 
Princess Anne District.. 197 11 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Cap'n Mur- 
dough pay of his Company of 
Minute Men _ 62 17 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Cap'n Wash- 
ington for conveying Prisoners 
to Wms'burg 46 

Ditto paid Ditto for Lewis Almond 
for Ferriages to the Troops 11 

Ditto paid William Stone for Wag- 
gon hire to the Public 9 10 

Ditto paid Chisley Jones for a Gun 
furnished the Public 2 

Ditto paid Solomon Shepherd his 
Expenses in attending the Com- 
mittee on Public Account — 7 10 

Ditto paid William Smith for pay 

of his Company on Duty 24 19 8 

19 Ditto paid Thomas Walker for 
Cap'n John Washington for pay 
of his Company of M. Men Prin- 
cess Anne District-.. 120 15 


Ditto paid Joseph Jones for Robt. 
Johnson for Sundry Medicines to 
to the Army. 15 14 

Ditto paid John Langley for Wood 
furnished the Army x8 19 

Ditto paid Ditto for Jo. Langley 

for Ditto. 10 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas 
Hampton for Fodder furnished 
the Army _ 1 1 12 

Ditto paid James Hill for John 
Draper for 2 Guns to the Public 8 

Ditto paid Anthony Noble for fur- 
nishing Muskets for Public use.200 
20 Ditto paid Doctor Alexander Skin- 
ner for Expenses of the Public 
Hospital 24 5 1 

Ditto paid Ditto for Sundry Medi- 
cines furnished the Army . . 195 5 7 

Ditto paid Robert Prentes for Gun 
furnished the Public Service 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Sundries fur- 
nished for the use of the Army.. 7 10 3 

Ditto paid Jacob Bruce for board- 
ing sick soldiers. _ 3 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Iron Work 
done for the Army by Robt . B ond 31 15 5 

Ditto paid Charles Barham for pay 
of a guard stationed at James 

River. 23 17 4 

1776 To Cash paid John Draper for 
February 19 conveying Lieu* Batutt a Priso- 
ner to Richmond 1 10 

Ditto paid Thomas Peyton for 

his Company of Minute Men. 198 5 1 

Ditto paid Richard Matthews for 
Jos. Lowell for dieting a Com- 
pany of Volunteers 17 6 


Ditto paid William Westwood 

for wood furnished the Army.. 9 5 

Ditto paid William Minifee for 

Waggonage to the Public 26 3 3 

Ditto paid Leonard Henley for 
a Gun furnished to the Army 3 

Ditto paid Charles Jones for a 
Gun Ditto _ 3 10 

Ditto paid Henry Delaney for Pub- 
lic Express Hire 5 

Ditto paid George Brook for 
Thomas Hughes for a Gun sold 
the Public 5 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for William 

Pleese for Horse Hire. _ 2 5 6 

Ditto paid John Hunter for paint- 

ing public guns, etc 2 15 6 

Ditto paid William Ratcliff for 

Fodder furnished the Army 12 6 

12 Ditto paid John McLacklin for 

Express Hire __ 11 18 8 

Ditto paid Benjamin Tomilson as 
an Express from Luenburg 2 

Ditto paid Robert Gibbons for 
repairing Public Arms_ 7 1 V/i 

Ditto paid Appolles Cooper Bal- 
ance of Captain Wests Recruit- 
ing Money.- 2 

22 Ditto paid Cap'n Gibson for For- 
age & Subsisence for his Com- 
pany 57 17 6 

Ditto paid Jacob Cures for re- 
pairing sundry arms for the 
Public. __ 40 17 6 

(To be continued) 




E. A. Stone, D. D. (Deceased). 

Among the early settlers of Virginia there were several of the name 
of Stone. The majority of those who came during the first one hundred 
and fifty years is given here, with some others. In point of time and 
prominence, there was first (1) Captain William Stone, who settled in 
Accomacke Co., in 1629 or earlier. He brought with him four brothers, 
Andrew, John, Matthew and Richard. None of these left any children, 
Later, about 1648, William Stone moved to Maryland and was appointed 
Governor. Two of the sons of William Stone, viz: Thomas Stone and 
John Stone left children. The descendants of these are traced through 
Charles Co., Maryland. Another (2) William Stone immigrated to Va. 
in 1662-3, and received from Sir Wm. Berkeley a grant of 750 acres in 
New Kent Co. for transporting 15 persons into the colony. His wife was 
Mary — their descendants are quite numerous. They left four children. 
There was a (3)James Stone, merchant of London, who with others 
received 8000 acres in Charles City county, granted by Sir John Harvey, 
and another grant from Sir Wm. Berkeley of 564 acres in York county. 
The first grant was made in 1636, and the second in 1647. That he re- 
moved to Virginia is uncertain. In York Co. there is on record a will 
of another (4)William Stone, dated Nov. 25, 1729, and probated the fol- 
lowing February. His wife's name was Sarah. He names four chil- 
dren, and from the records it appears they, in part at least, moved into 
Lunenburgh Co. Their descendants are quite numerous. There was 
a (5) Theophilus Stone also in York Co. in 1646, but there is very little 
known of his history later. 

In "old" Rappahannock another group of Stones are found. Oct. 20, 
1672, (6) William Stone bought of Giles Cale 200 acres of land. This is 
the earliest record of him in this country. Later he purchased various 
other tracts of land, until he owned over one thousand acres. His will 
is dated 1704. He left a wife Sarah and five living children — one daugh- 
ter had died earlier. He died about 1710-11 as appears from the court 
records. The widow lived about twety years after William Stone's 

There was living in the same county (7)Col. John Stone, who was prom- 
inent in its affairs from 1672 until about 1691-2. He married Sarah 
Walker, widow of John Walker, and when he died left only one child, 
a daughter. 


The records show that there was living in the same county a (8) Fran- 
cis Stone, wife Elizabeth, who also were prominent from 1685 onward. 
Francis Stone received a grant of land in 1711 from Lady Fairfax, in 
Stafford county. Other grants were made later by the same to Fran- 
cis Stone. There is one mention made of (9)David Stone associated 
with Francis Stone in 1685, but no other record has so far been found 
of him. It would seem that there four Stones, William, John, Francis 
and David were possibly related, most probably brothers. There were 
grants of land as late as 1727, and again in 1739 made to Francis Stone, 
one in Stafford Co., the other in Prince William Co. It is possible 
that this later Francis Stone was a son of Francis Stone who received 
the grants made earlier. 

There was a (10) Humphrey Stone who received in New Norfolk Co. 
a grant of 200 acres from Sir John Harvey in 1637; there is little else 
known of him. 

There was to a (ll)John Stone a grant of land made in Henrico Co. in 
1718 and another in King and Queen Co. in 1725. 

(12)Thomas Stone, of Brunswick Co., "imported himself in the year 
1740". He was prominent in the affairs and a vestry man in St. An- 
drews Parish. His will is dated April 16, 1795, and proven ten days later. 
His son (13)Richard Stone received in 1746 a grant of 400 acres from Wil- 
liam Gooch. 

There is a record of the marriage of (14) John Stone and Nancy O'Bis- 
sell dated Nov. 10, 1687, in Middlesex Parish. 

(15)Eusebius Stone, of Caroline County, received from William Gooch, 
400 acres in Orange County in 1735'. 

(16) Jeremiah Stone was transported into James City county Aug. 11, 

There was a (17)John Stone came to Virginia as early as 1621 and 
of George Sandys 100 acres in Archers Hope. No other record at hand. 
There was a (18) Thomas Stone in Westmoreland Co., Va., made a will 
in 1718, in which he annuls all previous wills. This will was probated 
in a short time. In it no mention or reference is made to a wife or chil- 
dren, no heirs designated. There was however another (19) Thomas 
Stone whose wife was Jemima Sturman, whose name appears in records 
from and after 1724. This Thomas Stone separated from his wife, and 
their son (20) Joseph Stone was given to the guardianship of his uncle, 
William Sturman. The probability is that this second Thomas Stone 
was the son of the Thomas whose will was made in 1718, and a compari- 
son of the records makes it probable that he came to America in 1676, 
with his brother William, who settled in St. Mary's Co., Md., while 
Thomas came over in Westmoreland Co. , Va. Everything in the records 
show that the two family lines were related. There was about 1740 to 
1750 several of Gov. William Stone's descendants who left Charles Co., 
Md., and emigrated to Stafford Co., Va.; most of them settling in that 
portion of the county which later became Prince William Co. They were 


(21)Barton Stone, (22) Samuel Stone, Thomas Stone, (23) William Stone 
and (24)Benjamin Stone, all related closely and all descendants of the 
Provincial Governor. Some of the descendants still live in that region. 
Other (24)Stone families found their origin in the counties farther north, 
some of them, if not all, being of German descent, whose names were 
Anglicized after coming to America. There are probably others, but 
this list shows the complications which necessarily arise in tracing out 
the various families and their descendants 

Willison Bible Records. 

This volume of the Bible with the other of the New Testament be- 
longed originally to Sir William Callander of Bancloigh & Dorator, in 
tht Shire of Sterling, North Britain, and is Presented as a memorial 
of the ancient Family of Callander from John Willison in Port Glasgow, 
to his son James Willison of Dorator, at Cabin Point, James Rivar in the 
Province of Virginia North America an Dom 1704. The ible was 
printed at London, by Christopher Barker, 1585. 

Beginning of family record. 

(1st) James Willison son of the above John Willison and Margaret 
Dunbar was born in Port Glasgow, North Britain, February 15th, 1751, 
N. S., and was married to Mary I 'Anson, daughter of John I'Anson, 
M. D., and Lucy Cocke. Their issue as follows viz.: 

(1st) John Willison Born in Prince George County Virginia, October 
22d, 1778, baptized 4th January 1779 by theRev. Mr. Benjamin Blagrove. 
Godfathers Archibald Dunlop, Thomas I'Anson, Godmothers Mary 
Mackie and Margaret Ross. 

(2) Archibald Dunlop Willison, Born in Prince George, Dec 12th 1779 
Baptized March 12th 1780 By the Revd William Harrison.Thomas Peter, 
and James Tait Godfathers; Mrs. Thomas Peter and Mrs. Tait God- 

(3rd) Lucy Willison Born September 5th 1782, in Surry County at 
Cabin Point, and baptized Nov. 1st 1782 by the Revd. Mr. Thomas 
Hopkinson, John Stewart and Robert Peter, Godfathers; Mrs. Flttcher 
& Miss Nancy Cocke, Godmothers. 

Archibald Dunlop Willison departed this life August 20th 1784 and lyes 
buried at the Family burying ground at Colin Cocks. 

(4th) Margret Dunbar Willison was born at Cabin Point, in Surry 
County September 23rd 1784. Baptized by the Revd. Mr. John Burgess. 
Archibald Campbell, M. D. & Colin Cocke Godfathers, Miss Polly 
Allen and Miss Peggy Belsches Godmothers. 

(5th) Mary I'Anson Willison was born at Dorator near Cabin Point 
in Surry County September — th 1787, and baptized by the Revd. Mr. 


John H. Burgess at Little Town. Mr. Archibald Campbell and Mr. 
Chs. Thomas I 'Anson Godfathers, Mrs. Mary I' Anson Godmother. 

James Willison Died at Dorator on Monday 25th June 1787 and was 
buried at the family burying ground over the Creek. 

Mary Willison wife of James Willison departed this life on — th Sep- 
tember 1787, and was buried at the family Burying ground at Colin 
Cocke's over the Creek on — th 1787. 

Lucy Willison departed this life February 23d 1794 and lies buried at 
the Family burying ground at Colin Cockes. 

Mary I' Anson Willison departed this life on Saturday February 6th 
1796 and buried at the family burying ground over the Creek. 

Margret Dunbar Willison was married to Colin Campbell of Surry 
County the 7th October 1801 and died on Saturday evening the 24th 
April 1802 and buried at the burial ground. 

John Willison son of the above James Willison, was married by the 
Revd. Mr. Chapin to Miss Mary Burbidge Dandridge of New Kent 
County on Monday 25th August 1805. (Daughter of Bartholomew 
Dandridge). Issue: 

(1st) Frances LucyWillison born in Charles City County at Mr. George 
Minges (Rowe) June 14th 1806 baptized by Revd. Mr. James Madison 
Godfathers George Minge, Braxton Harrison, Godmothers Martha Haly- 
burton and Miss Susanna Armestead. 

(2) Martha Dandridge Willison Born in Charles City County at Mr. 
George Minges (Rowe) November 18th 1808. 

(3) John Willison born in Charles City County at Mr. George Minges 
(Rowe) November 17th 1810. 

(4th) James Dandridge Willison was born in Charles City County at 
Mr. George Minges (Rowe) February 22, 1813. 

Martha Dandridge Willison departed this life on Wednesday night 3 
o'clock the 25th October 1814 and buried in Mr. George Minges Family 
burial ground in charles City (Rowe) on Friday the 28th Instant by the 
Rev. Mr. Bowrey. 

(5th) Mary Elizabeth Willison born Charles City Co. at Mr. George 
Minges (Rowe) June 1st 1815. 

(6) Martha Dandridge Willison born in Surry County August the 9th 

John Willison departed this life on Tuesday night 12 o'clock the 29 of 
December 1817, and was buried at the (Rowe) in Charles City County. 

Martha Dandridge Willison departed this life on Monday night 10 
o'clock 28th August 1820 and was buried at the (Rowe) Charles City 

John Willison departed this life at Manchester, Mississippi, Dec. 1837 
and was buried in the burying ground of that town with Masonic honors. 

Mary B. Willison departed this life in Petersburg on Friday night 
November 16th 1839 and was buried at Blandford Church burying ground. 

James Dandridge Willison was married by the Rev. Mr. Burtolk on 


Thursday June 1S39 to Miss Cathrine H. Mcintosh daughter of Gen. Wm. 
Mcintosh, Fort Gibson, Ind. Ter. Issue: 

(1st) Kiamesha Dandridge Willison was born June 14th 1840 near 
Fort Gibson, I. T. 

(2nd) William Dandridge Willison was born June 16th, 1842, near Fort 
Gibson, Ind. Ter. 

William Dandridge Willison departed this life 1843. 

(3rd) Mary Burbidge Willison was born Nov. 25th, 1844, near Fort 
Gibson, I. T. 

(4th) Sallie Mcintosh Willison was born Nov. 16th, 1846, Fort Gibson, 
I. T. 

(5th) Rubie Dandridge Willison was born Feb. 5th, 1848, Fort Gibson, 
I. T. 

(6th) Sue Dandridge Willison was born Dec. 13th, 1850 near Jefferson, 

Sue Dandridge Willison, died 1851 and was buried in the family ceme- 

(7th) James Dandridge Willison was born Dec. 31st, 1852, near Jeff- 
erson, Texas. 

Kiamesha Dandridge Willison was married to Thomas Harding Scott, 
Jefferson, Texas. 

(8th) Lucy Bowers Willison was born April 1861, Jefferson, Texas. 

Rubie Dandridge Willison was married Feb. 5th, 1856, to Walter R. 
West Red River Co., Texas. 

James Dandridge Willison departed this life near Jefferson, Texas, 
in the 58th year of his age on the 14th of May 1870 and was buried at the 
family burying ground. 

Sallie Mcintosh Willison was married Aug. 1871 to Wm. L. Hailey by 
Rev. E. G. Benners, Jefferson, Texas. 

Mary Burbidge Willison was married in 1872 to Geo. Shannon near 
Muscogee, I. T. 

Lucy Bowers Willison was married 1882 to Henry C. Fisher at Fisher 
Town, Creek Nation, I.T. 

James D. Willison was married to Miss Mary Mackey, Jan. 9th, 1879 
by the Rev. H. F. Buckner at Texana, Cherokee Nation, I. T. Issue: 

(1st) Howard Dandridge Willison was born Oct. 19th, 1879 near 
Eufaula, I. T. 

(2nd) Irine Bowers Willison was born June 27th, 1881, near Eufaula, 
I. T. 

(3rd) James Mackey Willison was born April 27th, 1885, at Gibson 
Sta., I. T. 

(4th) May Cathrine Willison was born April 27th, 1885, at Gibson 
Sta., I. T. 

May Cathrine Willison died Sept. 2nd, 1887 and was buried at family 
burying ground near Gibson Sta., I.T. 

(5th) Hellen Willison was born Aug. 18th, 1891, Gibson Sta., I. T. 


The Gibson Family. 

For some time past I have been interested in the Gibson family and 
have come into possession of some little information which may be of 
service to your magazine and the public interested in this family, by 
elucidating and untangling at least a few of the Jonathan Gibsons 
which have been a source of complication to you and other Virginia gene- 
alogists; and whereas I cannot untangle the entire family of Gibsons, 
having myself come in two ways from them, I can add a few additions 
and corrections which ar. authentic, being based on personal family 
knowledge, one old will and som~ recent letters which were written me 
within the past year by a most remarkable old lady, Mrs. Lucy E. 
(Gibson) Buckner of Culpeper, Va. My great grandfather, Wm. Berry, 
Taylor was son of Lieutinant Jonathan Taylor and Ann Berry. Jona- 
than was 3rd son of Col. Geo. Taylor and Rachel Gibson — the daughter 
of Jonathan 1 Gibson, probably the Jonathan styled Sr. of St. Marks 
Parish, Orange Co., who died 1745 from accidental poisoning. He is 
also probably the one who was brother of Bishop Edmund Gibson of 
London, as the Bishop was born 1669, died 1748, contemporaneous. 
Jonathan's marriage seems still unsolved. Now this Wm. Berry Taylor 
married, 26 of November, 1795, Susan Harrison Grayson Gibson, and in 
December, 1796, he moved to Kentucky and settled on a thousand acre 
tract which he bought of his uncle, Col. Francis Taylor — this having 
been a Revolutionary land grant signed by Patrick Henry. Here he 
built a large brick house, and this homestead has remained in the family 
in an unbroken line of possession until one year ago. I have recently 
written an account of it for the "Kentucky Magazine of History," as 
there have been two very distinguished descendants in the Navy, Rear 
Admiral Robert Mallory Berry, who in 1881 commanded the Jeannette 
Relief Expedition to the Arctic in search of DeLong's Party; and Rear 
Admiral Hugh Rodman, prominent as Commander of our Dreadnaughts 
in the late war; and desides these, many well known and representative 
Kentuckians. The homes of my grandmother, Sarah Frances (Taylor) 
Berry, and that of her sister, Mrs. Robert Mallory, have also remained 
in the family until this past year, so the Bibles and information have 
been kept intact. I tell you this to assure you that what information I 
give car be relied upon. Now the wife of Wm. B. Taylor was, as I have 
said, Susan Harrison Grayson Gibson, she generally signing her name 
with both Harrison and Grayson in it. But her father in his will calls 
her Susanna Grayson, I am inclined to think that she personally added 
the Harrison after her mother who was Susanna Harrison, the wife of 
Jonathan 3 Gibson of Fauquier Co., Va., who died 1791, (see will of 
Thomas Harrison, Jr., Va. Mag. of Hist., Vol. 23, p. 332, which names 
daughter Susanna Gibson and son-in-law Jonathan 3 Gibson). The very 
old members of my family knew many of this particular branch of Gib- 
sons, as my great grandfather Wm. Taylor was a very rich and generous 


man, being the largest land owner in this section, and after his wife's 
eldest brother, Col. Thomas Gibson (see Hay den's account of him), had 
been, by his father Jonathan Gibson, given all of the estate except slaves, 
and had as promptly as possible by his dashing and extravagant ways 
spent it all, his sons and daughters were gradually brought out to Ken- 
tucky to be looked after by their uncle-in-law, Wm. B. Taylor. Fortu- 
nately they were much beloved and there was always great intimacy. 

William 7 Gibson, the eldest of Thomas and his wife Charlotte Beale, 
lived at first at his aunt's, Mrs. Taylor's, and married their daughter, 
Susan Taylor. I will give more of this branch later. I am not asking 
you to publish this as an article, but hoping that what I can furnish 
may be added to other information as you gather it, and that some thing 
worth while be cleared on the Gibson family and appear in your Maga- 
zine, as there are many interested. 

The Jonathan Catlett Gibsons in Dr. Slaughter's Culpeper Records, 
are all explained by Mrs. Buckner's Letters. I will send abstracts from 
them along with this. Her information in regard to the relationship 
to Bishop Edmund Gibson corresponds perfectly with all that our branch 
of the family in Kentucky have been hearing for generations. 

I will insert the will of Jonathan 3 of Fauquier, showing the 
marriages as I knew them to have existed. Mrs. Buckner is a great 
grand child of this Jonathan, her grandfather havingbeen Col. Jonathan 4 
Catlett Gibson, of the Rev. married a Miss Mallory, and her father 
Col. Jonathan Catlett 5 Gibson of 1812, who married first Martha Dan- 
dridge Ball and married second, Mary Williams Shackleford. Mrs. 
Buckner 6 of this last marriage. 

I will also insert the Bible of Wm. Berry Taylor and Susan Harrison 
Grayson Gibson. Some day this may be of service. 

Will of Jonathan Gibson, of Fauquier Co., Va., made 22 July, 1788, 
Proved 26 Sept., 1791. 

1. Son Thomas married 1782 Charlotte Beale; (Fauquier Co. Rec.) 
son Wm. Gibson married first Susan Taylor of Kentucky and second 
Susan Gibson of Virginia. 

2. Son John married Ann Eustace, 1783, is given in Fauquier Rec. 
I believe this is intended for this John. 

3. Daughter Ann Grayson, married Aug. 14, 1787, first wife of Col. 
Jos. Blackwell, born 1755, died 15 Sept. 1823; his second wife was Mary 
Waddy Brent (Hayden Genealogies) *p. 268. 

4. Son Jonathan 4 Catlett married a Miss Mallory according to Mrs. 
Lucy E. Buckner of Culpeper. 

5. Daughter Susanna Grayson, married 26 Nov. 1795, Wm. Berry 
Taylor, settled in Kentucky, my great grandmother. 

6. Daughter Mary married 7 Dec. 1797, William Mallory; Sons Robt. 
M. C. and son Gibson, daughter Hannah married Edwin Gibson, her 
first cousin. 


7. Grand daughter Margaret Catlett Gibson: 

Grand daughter, child of daughter Ann Grayson Blackwell. 

Niece Margaret Adie: 

Witnessed by John Mauzy and Mathew Harrison; Exr. Benjamin 
Harrison, a brother-in-law, Joseph Blackwell, son-in-law going on his 
bond. *On p. 326, vol. 23 Va. Mag. it states "Col. Jos. Blackwell, 
married first 14 Aug. 1787, Ann Grayson Gibson, daughter of Col. John 
Gibson of Fauquier Co., and MaryWaddy (Brent) Gibson. I can not 
understand this statement, and believe it is incorrect, the will above 
cited disproving it. Hayden names children Susan Gibson Blackwell 
and Wm. Taylor Blackwell, born 1793, and Ann Grayson Blackwell. 

Fitzhugh Catlett left some information taken from old Catlett Bibles * 
One states that 

John Catlett 3rd married for his first wife Miss Taliaferro and had a 
son John 4 , married Alice 2 Gibson. 

John Catlett 3rd married for his second wife Mary Grayson, 20 Oct. 
1726; their daughter Mary Catlett married Jonathan 2 Gibson, Jr., who 
with his sister Alice 2 were children of Jonathan 1 Sr., Burgess and Justice 
for Caroline, 1736-38-40. Was of Orange and of the Vestry of St. Marks. 
He also states that "their son was Col. Catlett Gibson, married Martha 
Dandridge Ball". This is a mistake as Mrs. Buckner writes that her 
father's first wife was this M. D. Ball, and that his father was Jonathan 
Catlett 4 Gibson who married Miss Mallory . 

My conclusions are that the first Jonathan 1 Gibson died 1745 and left 
a son, Jonathan 2 , Jr., of Carolina and King George. He is the one 
who married Mary Catlett and that their son was Jonathan 3 Gibson 
who died Fauquier Co., 1791. He names children with Catlett and Gray- 
son in their names — his mother having been a Catlett and her mother 
a Grayson. I will send you copies of these letters of Mrs. Lucy Ellen 
(Gibson) Buckner. Her grandfather, Col. Jonathan Catlett 4 Gibson, 
of Rev. and her father Col. Jonathan Catlett 5 Gibson of 1812. 

Fitzhugh Catlett also stated that Margaret Catlett, daughter of John 
Catlett 2nd, who died 1724, had married John Gibson of Orange, but 
that the Jonathan was called John. I believe it was intended for John 
as stated in Bible, and not Jonathan at all, because Rachel Gibson (who 
married Col. George Taylor) was born 4 May, 1717, and Margaret Catlett 
was left an estate in 1724 if she never married. She forfeited it to marry. 
I believe that she married the brother of Rachel 2 instead of her having 
been the mother of Rachel. That leaves us still with no definite mar- 
riage for the 1st Jonathan 1 Gibson in this country, the father of Rachel. 
I am also inclined to think that Rachel 2 had a sister Alice 2 who married 
John Catlett 4th and a brother John 2 married Margaret Catlett; besides 
a brother Jonathan 2 , Jr., who married Mary Catlett, a niece of Margaret 
Catlett above mentioned. 

In these theories I may be wrong, but up to the present I have found 
nothing that disproves them. And I am in hopes that it may be of ser- 
vice and yield fruit and can be substantiated. 


Bible ofWm. Berry Taylor and Susan Harrison Grayson (Gibson) 
Taylor, of Oldham Co., Ky. 

William B. Taylor, born 26 Feb., 1768; died 2 Feb., 1836; married 26 
Nov., 1795, Susanna Harrison Gibson, born 26 Nov., 1775; died 23 Feb., 

Ann Berry Gibson Taylor, born 10 May, 1798, married Thomas Throck- 
morton Barbour. 

Mary Berry Taylor, born Feb., 1800, married William Todd Barbour. 
(Sons of Thomas Barbour and Mary Taylor of Va.) 

Elizabeth Coates Taylor, born 28 Jan., 1802, married Dr. William 

Francis Madison Taylor, born 10 June, 1804; died at 19 years. 

William Berry Taylor, died young. 

John Gibson Taylor, born 25 July, 1810, married Oretta Barnes. 

Susan Harrison Gibson Taylor, born 7 Nov., 1812; married her 1st 
cousin William Gibson, son of Col. Thomas and Charlotte Beale. 

Sarah Frances Taylor, born 5 April, 1815; married Edmond Taylor 
Berry, daughter Alice E. Berry married S. F. J. Trabue. 

Mathilda Catherine Taylor, born 30 April, 1820, married Hon. Robert 
Mallory M. C, her 1st cousin, son of Mary Gibson. 

William Willett Taylor, born 4 March, 1823, married Alice Sandford. 

Some of the Gibsons have heen quite prominent in Virginia and their 
descendants there and in other localities, and I have been sorry that 
there has been no little investigated about them. After my experience 
with Mrs. Buckner, I felt encouraged to look further for more infor- 

With the hope that this may prove useful, I am 

Very truly, 

(Miss) Alice E. Trabue. 

P. S. 

The Colonial Services ascribed to Jonathan 1 Gibson, Sr., died 1745, 
of Orange, may have been held in part by the 2nd Jonathan 2 ; they both 
held lands in Orange ana probably other counties, also Caroline, King 
George, Essex, etc., until they are hard to unravel. 

My dear Miss Trabue: 

I received your letter, it was interesting to me and I read it with 
pleasure. I wish I could aid you in researches, but am afraid I cannot 
do so. I am only a member of the Gibson family and by no means a 
genealogist or predisposed to be an expert in that science. 

I will, however, give you some particulars of my immediate family 
which may interest you. 

My father was Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson, he enlisted in Orange 
•Co. in a company and fought in the war of 1812, and with his regiment, 


saw the Capitol burned and helped to drive the British from Washington. 
At the close of the war, he studied law in the office of his brother John 
Gibson, in the little city of Dumfries in Prince William Co., Va. This 
indicates that the two names were considered in England separate and 
distinct and the same iteration occurs in many families in the United 
States. It pleases me to know that the name of Jonathan descended 
from the Bishop's Brother, who certainly showed a friendly interest in 
our family. If my brother, Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson (a Civil War 
veteran), claimed to have seen the letters (there were three of them) 
he certainly did as it was no secret in the family. Unfortunatey they 
were burned in my fathers office in the Civil War. They would have 
been of no worldly value as the Bishop had married, but we would have 
prized them as heirlooms. Many valuable presents were sent to our 
family by the Bishop's descendants. I handled his prayer book he used 
in his last days. My brother had it. 

In every generation, since I could remember, there have been Jonathans 
as I told you my father was Jonathan Catlett Gibson, my brother was 
Jonathan Catlett Gibson and his grandson of the same name is now Lieu- 
tenant in our Army in France. 

I have always known we were connected with the families of Taylors, 
Harrisons, Pendletons, Eustaces, Catletts and others, but as I have led 
the life of a busy housekeeper on a farm, I have provided no data to re- 
cord their marriages; if I had they would have been destroyed during 
the Civil War. The Gibson family is one of the largest in this country. 
I would not be surprised if I were to go to the Island of Madagascar to 
find a descendant of the Gibson family there. The immediate descend- 
ants of the Gibson family as they came from England were large and 
wealthy planters. To that class General Washington and his wife be- 
longed. The next generation were comfortable farmers and good livers; 
to that class my father belonged, he was also a successful lawyer. His 
first wife was Martha Dandridge Ball, a near relative of the Washing- 
tons. She died and left two daughters, Frances Ann and Martha Dan- 
dridge, named for Washington's wife. 

My father then married Mary Williams Shackleford, who had twelve 
children. I am the second child of the last wife, now very old (91); the 
rest are all dead. 

I have written you a gossiping letter. Hoping that if not satisfactory, 
it will be agreeable. 

I am yours truly, 

Lucy E. Buckner." 

I will copy the others only in parts as there are many side remarks 
not bearing on the genealogical side and of no value in research. This 
was about August, 1918. 


2nd Letter. 

Sept. 27, 1918. 
Dear Miss Trabue: 

Although I have not replied to your last letter, I have not lost sight of 
the subject of our correspondence. 

My uncle John Gibson (better known as Col. Jack Gibson) settled 
first in "Dumfries", a small city in Prince William County, much fre- 
quented by the elite of the county, but settled principally by merchants. 

. My uncle Jack Gibson married a daughter 

of one of these Frenchmen, a Miss Muschette. 

The city was gradually deserted. My uncle retired to a farm in Prince 
William Co., where he practiced law and kept an open house in accordance 
with old English ideas. He did not have any childred but raised several 
nephews, all of whom were killed in the civil war. 

Our Virginia Bishop has made our acquaintance and claimed us as re- 
lations (Bishop Robert Gibson). I regret that we have no Coat of 
Arms. It was destroyed when the correspondence was burned and we 
do not remember it. If I hear anything more of interest on the subject, 
I will communicate to you. I am flattered that you should think my 
letters of any consideration. 

Your truly, 

Lucy E. Buckner. 
3rd Letter. 

October 10, 1918. 
My Dear Miss Trabue: 

I received your last letter two days ago, with the beautiful and very 
acceptable present of the Coat of Arms of the Gibson family. It is 
particularly interesting now that the English Colonies have all rallied 
to the support of the Mother Country. 

We are proud of being descended from a family that produced Bishop 
Edmund Gibson, and such a superb literature. Thank you again for 
your ingenious copy; you must be an artist. And now to business. My 
grandfather married a Miss Mallory he had five sons: John, Jonathan, 
Thomas, Edwin and William. You know how Col. Jack and Jonathan, 
my father married. Thomas and William both married sisters, Miss 
Grays. Edwin married his first cousin, Hannah Mallory, a good deal of 
this kind of thing was done in Eastern Virginia at that time. 

My memory does not extend any further back than my grandfather's 
immediate family. Grandfather Gibson had four daughters. Frances 
and Nancy, Betsy married a Terrell. The two latter married planters, 
the two first did not marry at all. They were thoroughbred ladies, all, 
and would have appeared well in any society. They lived to a good old 

age, except Susan Wishing that I could really have helped 

you, I am truly your friend, 

Lucy E. Buckner. 


4th Letter. 

Oct. 2G, 1918. 

My dear cousin: 

I am very proud indeed to claim you as a kinswoman. I have no doubt 
you are correct in you researches, but my memory does not extend fur- 
ther back than my paternal Grandfather Jonathan Gibson. 

My father was Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson, who fought in the War 
of 1812, and my mother drew a pension. She was his second wife, twenty 
years younger than he was. She was Mary Milliams Shackleford of 
French extraction. You know his first wife was Martha Dandridge 
Ball, cousin of George Washington and named for his wife. 

To resume my remarks about the Gibson family, my uncle John was 
the head of the family as the oldest son. He had a large landed estate 
in Prince William Co. His residence was not a castle by any means but 
an old Colonial of four stories with smaller houses on each side. One 
side with chambers for men of the family and office for Library. On the 
other side kitchen and other domestic buildings. A kitchen garden 
and a garden where every variety of flowers were cultivated. Much of 
my young days were spent there. As I am a failure as a genealogist, 
I have become a gossip. My uncle was a very handsome man, immacu- 
ate in his dress and deportment, and I often thought he looked like a 
French Noble just stepped down from the canvass. 

I can account for that now since he must have had some French blood. 
A type of men sometimes survives many generations. I forgot to say 
that the name of the place is "Fleetwood", being historic from the fact 
of its being the winter quarters of a large part of the Federal army three 
miles from the town of Brandy where a battle was fought. Three miles 
from Cedar mountain where another important battle was fought. You 
know Virginia was the battle ground. My uncle entertained visitors 
not only sometimes but all the time, the best people as well as the poor- 
est. I dont suppose any noble in England ever enjoyed more comfort or 
kept a better table, all the products of the cities. He had a large number 
of slaves and his wife never did a "hands turn" of work in her life. 

(Here is a description of the negro quarters.) 

I did not hear there any dissatisfaction with slavery. My uncle 
loved the mother country and wrote to England for a souvenir of 
the Bishop. They sent him from the palace of the Bishop a box con- 
taining a full dinner service of rare old china and cut-glass. It came 
across the Atlantic with one slight accident, a plate was broken and 
he sent it back to England and had it riveted with silver. I have 
been told that "Fleetwood" was almost destroyed during the Civil War. 
My aunt had all of her silver and everything of value stolen. 

My Father and my uncle John were two of Nature's noblemen, but 
they were different. My Father, though he fought against Great Britain, 


was a more typical Englishman in his appearance, habits and tastes. 
He loved sports, kept stables of race horses and valued them. Of course 
he did not make any thing for it is said of the Gibsons that they die poor, 
but they are honorable, truthful and unselfish. 

As for my brothers, my eldest brother was killed on the way to Gettys- 
burg. Col. Jonathan Catlett Gibson was an officer in the Confederate 
Army, wounded badly three times, a widely known and successful Lawyer. 
Hon. Eustace Gibson so badly wounded he was retired from the Army 
and served four times in Congress from West Virginia, died finally of 
his wounds, was considered more than an average lawyer and orator. 
Edwin Gibson fought through four years with Mosby without a scratch, 
and died from an accident. All of the family have died and I alone am 
left. Being next the oldest child, of course I am very old, 91. I am living 
with my grand-daughter and her husband, Mi. Raleigh T. Green, Editor 
of Culpeper Exponent, Culpeper, Va. 

Very truly your friend and relative, 

Lucy E. Buckner. 

Rucker — Vawter— Medley — Shelton — May — Burton. 

In Va. Mag., Vol. XIX, No. 2, April, 1911. p. 198, is query by Mrs. 
B. H. R., of Rolla, Mo. I can answer a part of her query. 

In Will Book 1, at p. 248, Orange C. H., is will of John Rucker, date 
"XI" Jan'y 1742, proven, 28, Jan'y 1742; names his wife Susannah and 
his 12 children and among them "Peter". Appts. wife Susannah, son 
Peter Rucker and friend George Taylor Exors. 

In same Will Book at p. 299, is will of Peter Rucker, date, 18th. Jan'y, 
1742-3, proven 23 Feb. 1743; lends to wife Elizabeth Rucker, all estate, 
real and personal during life, and after her death gives certain personal 
property to daughter Margaret Tinsley and son-in-law Isaac Tinsley; 
son Ephraim Rucker and to daughter Ann Cook and son-in-law Shem 
Cook, and balance to be sold and divided among his children by name 
as follows: Thomas Rucker, Elizabeth Pearce, Wm. Rucker, Mary 
Offott, James Rucker, Ephraim Rucker and Ann Cook. Appts. James 
Rucker and Ephraim Rucker Exors. 

On Oct. 6, 1917, I found in Will Book A. in Culpeper C. H., at p. 65, 
the will of John Vawter, from which I made the following notes: 

Date, 23, May, 1748. "I John Vawter of Essex County", Proven in 
Culpeper County, 16 Nov., 1752. All personal estate, as well in Orange 
County as in Essex County be not apportioned but sold at auction and 
pay just debts and remainder be divided as follows — One third part to 
loving wife Margaret Vawter, the rest to be equally divided among my 
children namely, Winifred, Bartholomew, Richard, Margaret, Angus and 
David Vawter. 


2ndly. What land I have I give as follows — the land I purchased of 
young Hawkins I lend to my wife for life — 150, and after her death 
to my son Bartholomew Vawter, paying to my son Angus Vawter twenty 
pounds, the son David Vawter fifty pounds. 3rdly. To daughter Wini- 
fred Vawter, 130 acres which was given me by my father-in-law Daniel 

4th. "To my daughter Margaret Rucker 150 acres at the Great 
Mountains, that which lays most convenient to her." 

5th. The remainder of the tract being 500 acres, be equally divided by 
an east and west line in two parts; and I give to my son Richard Vawter 
his choice, and the other to my son Angus Vawter. 

6th. To my son David Vawter three hundred and eighty acres ad- 
joining the old Ct House (?) tract in Orange County to him and his heirs 

Appoints wife Margaret and son Bartholomew Executors. 

Witnesses — Edward Vawter, Eliza. Vawter, Samuel Vawter. 

In same Will Book A, at p. 138, is will of Margaret Vawter, of Culpeper 
Co. of date, 18 Sept. 1756, and proven, 21 Oct. 1756. 

Gives to son David Vawter certain personal property and he to pay 
his sister Winifred McBen fifty shillings. To son Angus Vawter, a negro. 

"Unto Ephraim Rucker and Margaret his wife," a negro. 

"Remainder to my sons Richard Vawter, and Angus Vawter and my 
daughter Winifred McBen." Appoints Ephraim Rucker Executor. 

According to Mrs. Grace Vawter Bickncll in her first book — "The 
Vawter Family." who says at p. 4. "(1691). 2. John, son of John 1 , 
married a Beverly (probably). Children: Bartholomew, Angus, Richard, 
Beverly, David, Margaret, Winifred." 

Mrs. Bicknell doubtless never saw the above wills, and I have found 
nothing to indicate that there was a son, Beverly Vawter. At pp. 24, 
25, &c.,Mrs Bicknell quotes from the MS. of Col. John Vawter, born Jan. 
8, 1782, who gives a remarkably accurate and concise history of the early 
Vawters in America, and he gives the same children as named in the wills 

Col. John 5 Vawter gives his pedigree as follows : son of Jesse 4 , David 3 , 
John 2 , John 1 , who came from England to Virginia with his brothers, 
Bartholomew and Angus, prior to 1700. 

Another will I found in Culpeper, gave much genealogical data I was 
very glad to find and may help Mrs. B. H. R. It is in same Will Book A, 
at p. 203, and is that of the old bachelor, Robert Medley, of Culpeper 
Co., "being sick and weak" &c; of date 9 Aug. 1759, proven 20 Sept. 
1759, and my notes from same are as follows: 

"I give my beloved Cousin" (.. ? ..nephew) "Ambrose Medley son 
to Jacob Medley my Manor Plantation with 200 acres of land and in case 


he should die without issue that then the said land and Plantation shall 
fall to Reuben Medley, son to said Jacob Medley, and that if the said 
Reuben Medley should die without issue, the said land and Plantation 
shall fall to my beloved brother Jacob Medley. I give to my brother- 
in law Reuben Shelton 200 acres joining my Plantation during his life 
and after death to fall to his eldest son Thomas Shelton." 

"I give to my Honored Mother Ellinor Medley 5 pounds cash if she 
be living and if dead to fall to Thomas Hundley for the education of 
his children." 

"To beloved brother James Medley my riding mare." 

"To beloved brother Isaac Medley 15 pounds cash."' 

"To my brother-in-law May Burton 15 pounds and after his death to 
fall to his son May Burton, Jun." 

"To beloved brother John Medley 10 pounds and after his death his 
son John, Jr." 

"To my Cousin" (niece) "Susanna Medley 15 pounds and after her 
death to her sister Elizabeth and in case Elizabeth died without issue 
to her sister Ellinor Medley." 

To my brother Jacob Medley 10 pounds. "Remainder of estate "to 
be sold and divided among all my friends above mentioned." Appoints 
bros. John and Jacob Medley Exors. and they qualified. 


David Vawter, born in Essex Co.,Va., in 1790, married Mary Rucker, 

who survived him, and she married 2nd, a Mr Rentfrow and 

died in Kentucky. 

David Vawter lived in Orange Co. from about 1760 until his death. 

Old Orange Co. Order Book shows: "March 1785, Wm. Vawter 

granted administration on estate of David Vawter, deceased." 

David Vawter and wife, Mary Rucker, had following children: Jesse, 
born Dec. 1, 1755; William, born , 175- (?); Philemon, Wini- 
fred, Margaret and Mary. 

William Vawter was a soldier in the Rev. War, and married Mary 
Rucker. as shown by the original marriage bond in Orange C. H. of 
date, 19th June, 1784. They removed at an early day to Versailles, 
Woodford Co., Ky., and where they were still living in 1810, as shown 
by U. S. Census of that year, and had 9 whites in family and 14 slaves. 
Later he moved to Boone Co., Ky., where he died Nov. 27, 1823. 

The names of the parents, with all genealogical data, desired of these 
two Mary Ruckers. 

The foregoing wills of John and Margaret Vawter and Robert Medley, 
as also the wills of James Collins, James Clark and others, in Culpeper 
Co., examined by me and found to contain most valuable genealogical 
data, are not shown in Green's Notes on Culpeper County. 


Colonel George Wilson 

Four years ago, you published an article about Lieut. Col. George 
Wilson, with affidavits of his disappearance in February 1777, and added 
a paragraph that this might be the same man as Lieut. Col. George 
Wilson of the 8th Penna. Regiment, killed at Quibblestown, N. J., in 
February, 1777. It was the same man. First, because there was no- 
other Lieut. Col. George Wilson killed in the Revolution. Second, 
because the first affidavit was made by a Fayette County, Pa., man, 
and Fayette Co., which had in 1777 been Bedford Co., was the home of 
Lieut. Col. George Wilson of the 8th Pa. 

According to the Histories of Western Pa., of Westmoreland Co., 
Pa., and Bedford and Fayette and Cumberland Counties, and to the Pa. 
Archives and to contemporary official documents published in the Pa. 
Archives, George Wilson was born in Augusta Co., Va. He fought as- 
an officer in the French and Indian War, 1755-1762, lived in Cumberland 
County, Pa., was a Pennsylvania Justice of the Peace, and Lieut. CoL 
of the 8th Pa., being killed at Quibblestown, N. J., February, 1777, and 
is said to be there buried, the place being now called New Market. He 
called his place in Bedford Co., Pa., Springhill, after his old home place 
in Augusta Co., Va., The township there was than called Springhill 
township, and still exists as such in Fayette Co., which was set off from 
Bedford in 1783. This use of the name Springhill is ehough to identify 
the man, without any other evidence. 

In 1783, we find an application made for a Revolutionary Pension by 
Mrs. Samuel Williams, Sabina Williams, stating that she was the widow 
of Lieut. Col. George Wilson, and living in Fayette Co., Pa., and that 
in 1781 she had married Samuel Williams. 

I am desirous to know the maiden name of Sabina Wilson, where she 
was born, where she married George Wilson, and what children they 

I also would like to know if he was the son of Col. John Wilson of Au- 
gusta Co., Va., born 1702, and died 1773. 

I would appreciate it if any of your readers will enlighten me. 

Thanking you, 


George E. Fleming. 
Box 419, City Hall Station, New York City. 



Accomack 3660 

Albemarle 333S 

Amelia 5308 

Amherst 2452 

Augusta 2792 

Bedford 2300 

Botetourt 2014 

Brunswick 4054 

Buckingham 1817 


Caroline 4596 

Charles City 1959 

Charlotte 1930 

Chesterfield 3251 

Culpeper 4134 

Cumberland 3661 

Dinwiddie 2985 


Elizabeth City 1212 

Essex 2850 

Fairfax 2508 

Fauquier 3115 

Frederick 5406 


Gloucester 4238 

Goochland 2238 

Halifax 2047 

Hampshire 939 

Hanover 4413 

Henrico 2329 

James City 1872 

Isle of Wight 2182 

King George 1968 

King & Queen 2928 

King William 2765 

Lancaster 1990 

Loudoun 3126 

Louisa 2283 

Lunenburg 1720 

Middlesex 1407 

Mecklenburg 2611 

Nansemond 2934 


New Kent 2181 

Norfolk 4286 

Northampton 2000 

Northumberland 2922 

Orange 2071 

Pittsylvania 2198 

Prince Edward 1885 

Prince George 2490 

Princess Ann 2416 

Prince William 2222 

Eichmond 2443 

Southampton 2859 

Spottsylvania 2518 

Stafford 2675 

Surry . . 1952 

Sussex 2787 

Warwick 816 

Westmoreland 2701 

York 2524 



Tithables in Dinwiddle 1767 — 2864 

Lunenburg 1769 — 1585 

Amelia 4903 

From Amelia County Order Book 1766 — 69 

Noted in back of book. 

M - 


\ ■'••••••'• 


E DVCE :' 

- £ ■ 

v 1 

William Lovelace, Sergeant at Law 
(Great Grand lather of Ann (Lovelace) Gorsuch) 




Through a printer's error that was interpolated in the conclud- 
ing instalment of the Gorsuch genealogy in the July-October 1919 
number of The Virginia Magazine (Vol. xxvii; pp. 388-390) two 
pages of reading matter from uncorrected type forms which had al- 
ready appeared in its proper place and in corrected form in the April 
1919 number (Vol. xxvii; pp. 200-202). Confusion will therefore be 
avoided if under the sketch of Lovelace Gorsuch* of Dorchester County, 
the interested reader will run a pencil through the text beginning on 
page 388, line 29, with the words "Elisha* Gorsuch," etc, and ex- 
tending to page 390, line 29, ending with the words "Both living 


By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 


V. Sergeant William Lovelace 6 (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , Wil- 
liam 4 ). Born about 1525-1530. He succeeded his father as proprietor of 
Lovelace Place. He was admitted to Gray's Inn in 1549, and called 
to the bar in 1551. Elected a member of Parliament for Canterbury 
in 1558, he was returned on three subsequent occasions (Hasted's 
Kent; 2 ed.; ix; 54) He was doubtless attached to the doctrine of 
the Reformation as he was appointed July 19th, 1559, with William, 
Earl of Pembroke, John Jewell the celebrated Bishop of Salisbury, 
and Henry Parry, on an important commission for the Establishment 
of Religion. He was raised to the rank of Serjeant^at-Law in 1567, 
and attained great eminence in his profession. He served as one 
of the Justices of Assize for Oxfordshire, 27 February, 1571. He 
died March 23rd, 1577, the St. Alphage register under date of April 
1st, 1577, containing the entry: "Sereiant Lovelas died the xxiijti 
day of Marche last past in London and was buryed in the body of 
Christe Churche" [i. e. Canterbury Cathedral]. In the nave of the 
Cathedral a raised tombe bearing his "portrait in long robes" with 
that of his first wife, Anne Lewes, existed until this portion of the 


Cathedral was newly paved early in the nineteenth century (Has- 
ted's Kent; 2 ed.; ix; 387). There must have been something re- 
markable about his death for May 3rd, 1577, Henry Binneman paid 
"vy d. and a copie" to the Stationers' Company, London, for the 
right to print "The Brief e Course of the Accidents of the Death of 
Mr. Serjeant Lovelace." 

Sergeant Lovelace 5 married twice and left issue by both wives. 
His first wife was Anne, daughter of Bobert Lewes*, Alderman, and 
Mayor of Canterbury in 1536 (Hasted's Kent; 2 ed.; xii; 606). She 
was buried February 25th, 1569, in the Cathedral. She left no will. 
He married secondly, about 1570, Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas 
White and the widow of Thomas Carrell. The will of ' ' Mary Love- 
lace of Southwarneborne, Hants and St. Martin's, Ludgate, London, 
widow of William Lovelace Serjeant at the law", dated January 
25th, 1577-8, proved April 29th, 1578, requests that she be buried at 
South Warnborough, Hants. She names her previous husband Thomas 
Carrell, her daughters Frances Carrell and Mabel Lovelace, both un- 
der twenty-one, several White brothers and sisters, and her step- 
children William, Thomas and Mary Lovelace ( Prerogative Court, 
of Canterbury, 1578; Langley 17). The portrait of Sergeant Lovelace 
reproduced here is from a contemporary painting in the Dulwich 
Gallery, London, dated "AN°DNI, 1576", and displays the Love- 
lace arms with the motto "Virtute duce" (Gallery No. 372). It is 
painted on a panel (26 x 22 inches) and shows the Sergeant in his 
red robes. t 

His will and the lengthy inquisition post mortem upon his land- 
ed estate, show that he left a very large number of properties in 
various parts of Kent, including among others Lovelace Place in 
Bethersden, "one house and the site of the Grey Friars in the City 
of Canterbury", and the old "Hospital of St. Laurence near the 
walls of Canterbury". (For inquisition see Archaeologia Cantiana; x; 
201-2). The purchase of this last property involved him and his heirs 
in a long law suit with Roger Manwood, Chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

*It was probably this same Robert Lewes, described as of Len- 
ham, co. Kent, whose estate was administered upon October 24, 1567, 
by his widow Margaret Lewes, with a note that he died in Ireland 
(Prerogative Court of Canterbury Administrations — The Genealogist; 
i; 81. 

tExcellent copies in oil of the same size as the originals, have 
recently been made of the three portraits now in the Dulwich Gal- 
lery, London, of Serjeant William Lovelace 6 , his son Sir William 
Lovelace 8 , the elder, and his grandson Sir William Lovelace 7 , the 
younger. These were copied by Mrs. Strother-Stewart of Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, an English artist, for Mr. Walter de Curzon Poultney 
of Baltimore, a descendant of the Lovelaces, and are now in his col- 
lection. The illustrations reproduced in the Magazine are from photo- 
graphs of the originals at Dulwich. 


"Grey Friars" was used as his Canterbury residence by his son, Sir Wil- 
liam Lovelace 6 . The will of Sergeant William Lovelace 6 , dated July 20th, 
1576, with a codicil March 21st, 1577, and probated in the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury (1577; Daughtry 15), May 9th, 1577, is a 
lengthy document, an abstract of which follows: 

I William Lovelace, esquier, serviant at lawe, do make my 
last will and testament this 20th day of Julie, 157fi, in manner 
and forme following: I bequethe my soule to Almightie God, 
my Maker and Eedemer, trusting by the merits of the passion of 
Jesus Christe to be partaker of the heavenlie Joyes; and ray 
body to the earth, to be buried in the bodie of the cathedrall 
churche of Canterburye, betweene the twoo pillers near where my 
first weiff Anne, the daughter of Eobert Lewes, sometyme mayor 
of Cantreburie, lyeth buried yff my bodie may be convientlie so 
farre carried. I will to be bestowed amongest the poore of the 
cittie on the day of my buriall, £6 13s 4d.; to the hospital of St. 
Johnes I give 20s., and to the hospital of Harboldowne, 13s 4d. 
To everie one of my servants that hath yearlie wages, a yeares 
wages, and to remaine in my house by the space of one monethe 
till they can be provided of service; and such of my householde 
servants and clerkes as have not wages, to be considered by the 
discrecion of my executours. Everie of my servants shall hav9 
a black coate at my deathe; and I will that some convenient 
tombe shall be made over me. I give to my daughter Marye that 
I had by my first wieff, £200, and the like sum to my daughter 
Mable that I had by my second wieff Marie, the daughter of Sir 
Thomas White, to be ymployed to their fynding after my death; 
and if either of them dye before they shalbe maried or not of 
thage of one and twentie years, the overlyver to have the por- 
cion of her so dying. To my loving frende Mr. William Bewell 
of Cornewall, one of my geldinges, to be chosen by my execu- 
tours. Forasmuche as it is not almost possible that any can in 
particularities provide order for all things, therefore I leave to 
my Executours or moast of them sufficient auctoritie to use 
their discrecions in all things as occasion shall offer and shalbe 
to them thought best. I make my Executours William Lovelace, 
my eldest sonne, Vincent Engeham, esquier, Eicharde Cooke, 
gent., John Crispe and William Morebredd, and I give [to each] 
a mourning gowne and a ringe of 40s. and my name therein to 
be written ; and I make my loveing frendes Sir Eichard Baker 
and Sir Thomas Scott, Knightes, overseers of the same, to 
either of whom I give the like rings. I give to my wife Marie the 
use of all such household stuff, Jewells, plate and goodes as she 
will herself during her lief. To my daughter Marie, her own 
mother's billamentes of goulde and her rynges; and to my 


daughter Mable her mother's jewels and rynges, if they live to 
be maried. All the rest) of my goodes to my son William at 
21 or, in the event of his death, to my son Thomas at 21. Tc 
my sister Margaret Austen [Cooke?] now being widdow, £5. 
This is my last will as touching all my landes and tenements: 
My wieff shall have oute of the same £60 yerlie for her dower. 
I give to my son Thomas in tail male my manor and parsonage of 
Newenham and my manor of Monkton Mylfield. My executours 
shall take the yssues and profits of the rest and accompte for 
the same to my sonne William at his age of 21, the fyndings 
of my children to Sehole and chardges of their education being 
deducted. In default of heires male to my sonnes, I will all 
myne in heritance in Bethresdence, co. Kent, unto Thomas Love- 
lace of Kingesdowne, esquier, being my cosen jarman, and suche 
heires of his bodie. In witness whereof I have hereunto setto 
my hande and seale and written all withe my hande. 


Witnesses of the will: Thomas Howtaine, Leonarde Love- 
lace, Thomas Wyn. 

A codicill added 21 Marche 19 Elizabeth |"1577"]. If my wieff 
will inhabite in any of my messuages, I do allow that unto her 
so to do, deducting half the yearlie value thereof in her annuity. 
I appoint for my executours Mr. Vincent Engeham, Mr. John 
Crispe, sone to the late lieutenante of Dover Castell, Mr. An- 
thony Sentleger, John Barker and William Lovelace, my eldest 
sonne; and Mr. Justice Sowthcote to be overseer onelie. Writ- 
ten all with my owne hande. 


Witnesses of the codicill: Stephen White, Thomas Hovenden, 
Thomas Howtaine, John Turner. 

Proved 9 May 1577 by Vincent Engleman and Anthony Sen- 
tleger, with power reserved, etc., for the other executors. 

Issue of Sergeant William Lovelace 5 (John 1 , Bichard 2 , William 8 , 
William 4 ) and his 1st wife Anne Lewes: 

i Margery Lovelace 8 (John 1 , Bichard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , Wil- 
liam 6 ). Buried July 6th, 1560. 

ii Nicholas Lovelace 8 (John 1 , Bichard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , Wil- 
liam 6 ). Buried February 1st, 1560-1. 

iii Bichard Lovelace 6 (John 1 , Bichard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , Wil- 
liam 6 ). Baptized September 14th, 1560; buried September 11th, 
1561, at St. Alphage. 

iv William Lovelace 6 (John 1 , Bichard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , Wil- 
liam 6 ). Baptized September 30th, 1561; buried October 12th, 

Sir William Lovelace 

of Bethersden and Gray Friars 

(Grandfather of Ann (Lovelace) Gorsueh) 


1628; married Elizabeth Aucher. Knight and proprietor of Love- 
lace Place. See sketch post. VI. 
v Thomas Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William*, Wil- 
liam 6 ). Baptized April 25th, 1563. Died October 23rd, 1591; 
buried at Bethersden. This may be the pilgrim to Rome of thi3 
name, 1583. He inherited the parsonage of Newenham under 
his father's will. Died without issue. 

vi Mary Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William*, William 5 ). 
Baptized October 8, 1564. The statement in Hasted's Kent that 
it was this Mary Lovelace who married her cousin Richard 
Lovelace of Kingsdown, Kent, is apparently incorrect ( Arch- 
aeologist Cantania xx; 60-61). It is this Richard Lovelace of 
Kingsdown whose daughter Margaret married, August 24, 1619, 
Henry Coke, son of the Chief Justice, and became the ancestress 
of the earls of Leicester; some biographers have confused him 
with Richard Lovelace 8 , the poet. 

vii Anne Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William*, William 5 ). 
Baptized December 6th, 1567; died in infancy. 

Issue of Sergeant William Lovelace 5 (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , 
William*) and his 2nd wife Mary (White) Carrell: 

viii Jane Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William*, Wil- 
liam 5 ). Born about 1570: buried July 29th, 1572. 

ix Mabel Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William*, Wil- 
lam 5 ). Baptized August 19th, 1572; living 1577. 

VI. Sir William Lovelace*, knight (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , 
William*, William 5 ). Baptized September 30th, 1561, at St Alphage, 
Canterbury. His principal residence was Lovelace Place, Bethers- 
den, although his latter days were spent in Canterbury. While 
still a minor he was obliged to pay £800 to Chief Baron Manwood 
as a result of the law suit which he had inherited from his father in 
connection with the title to the "Hospital of St. Laurence", Man- 
wood having postponed active proceedings until after the Sergeant's 
death, notwithstanding his profession at that time that ' ' as the 
Sergeant was dead it was time their quarrels were forgotten". 
Not long afterwards young Lovelace's aunt, Margaret Cooke, pleaded 
with the Baron to settle the suit as her nephew "was but young, 
fatherless and almost without friends." Manwood replied "he might 
hang himself or sell his land" but clear the title he must. Wil- 
liam Lovelace* appears in 1588, 1590, 1594, 1613 and 1627 in the 
Bethersden parish records (Archaeoligia Cantiana; x; 203-4). There 
seems no question that it was this William Lovelace who was ad- 
mitted to Grey's Inn in 1580. He married, about 1580-1581, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Edward Aucher, Esq. of Bishopsbourne, Kent, of 
the distinguished family of that name. The Aucher family will be 
considered in a later paper. 


William Lovelace 8 was knighted for the part which he took in 
suppressing the rebellion in Ireland, as is shown by the following: 
"July 30, 1599, Sir William Lovelace [was] knighted by the 
Earl of Essex, lord Lieutenant of Ireland at the rising of the camp 
after the fight in Ophaly" [Offaly] (Shaw's Knights of England; 
ii; 97). There is a letter from John Wightgift, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, to Sir Eobert Cecil, Elizabeth's Secretary of State, dated 
January 8th, 1601-2, which reads: "Sir William Lovelace, Knight, 
my very good friend and neighbour of Canterbury, having wholly 
addicted himself to martial affairs, is very desirous to be employed 
that way in her Majesty's service. And therefore I request that 
you will have him in remembrance — From Lambeth the viiith of 
January, 1601." (Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Marquis of 
Salisbury Hist. MSS. Comm.; 1910;; p. 9). Whether he received 
this appointment or not is not known, but November 27th, 1604, 
license was given "to Sir Wm. Lovelace to serve in the wars under 
any Christian State or Prince in league with his Majesty during 
pleasure". (Calendar State Papers — Domestic; 1603-1610; 171). His 
military career has not been traced. He was a member of the Vir- 
ginia Company and incorporator of the Third Virginia Charter, 1614 
(Brown's Genesis; ii; 545, 939). In 1620 he was one of the magis- 
trates of Kent who made the rate ( Archaeologia Cantiana; x; 204) 
In 1624 he seems to have successfully contested Canterbury for Par- 
liament in the court interest, for we have a certain Simon Penny, 
when examined, ' ' desiring time to answer whether he had said that 
Sir William Lovelace had crossed himself before the French and 
Spanish Ambassadors, or intimated that he was a Papist, when 
urging some one to vote for Mr. Scott and Mr. Denne, rather than for 
Sir Wm. Lovelace, who is Captain of the City." {Calendar of State 
Papers — Domestic; 1623-1625; 155, 165). He was a correspondent of 
Sir Dudley Carlton in 1617, 1618 and 1619, as may be seen by re- 
ference to the. Calendar of State Papers. He died in October, 1629 
in his 69th year, having survived his wife, his son William and his 
only daughter Lady Mabel Collimore. His will shows that he was 
living at the time of his death in his "House of the Grey Friars". 
This picturesque old building, lying within the walls of the city of 
Canterbury, which he had inherited from his father, and portions of 
which are still standing, was built partly on some graceful old 
Gothic arches over the stream. The illustration of Grey Friars re- 
produced here is taken from an old print which the writer recently 
secured in Canterbury. Sir William Lovelace 8 was buried, as he re- 
quested in his will, ' ' in the South Chappell of the parish church of 
Bethersden in the county of Kent near unto the South walls therein". 
Lady Lovelace was buried December 3rd, 1627, in Canterbury Cathed- 
ral. The portrait of Sir William Lovelace 8 shown here is from the 



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Gray Friars, Canterbury 


painting of him in the Dulwieh Gallery (Gallery no. 367 — panel 42 z 
32 inches). 

The will of Sir William Lovelace 6 which disposes of his personal 
property makes no disposition of any of his lands. As his son 
Sir William Lovelace 7 , the younger, who had died over two years be- 
fore, by his will leaves sundry lands formerly owned by his grand- 
father Sergeant William Lovelace 5 , there is every probability the 
elder Sir William Lovelace 6 had made over his lands to his son 
before the latter 's death. The will of Sir William Lovelace 6 of 
Bethersden, dated 6 October, 1629, was proved 19 October, 1629, in 
the local Consistory Court at Canterbury, by Anne, the widow of 
his son Sir William Lovelace 7 , the younger. 

I, Sir William Lovelace in my house of the Gray Friers 
within the Walles of the Citty of Canterbury, Knight, being 
sicke and weake of bodie — my bodie to be buried in the South 
Chappell of the Parish Church of Beathersden in the countie 
of Kent, neer unto the south wall therein — I bequeth unto 
James Collimore my best bever hatt, all my Books, my 
purple cloth cloke, my hose and doublet belonging if he will 
accept thereof — unto Thomas Yarley my servant all my other 
wearing apparell without exceptions or deductions and five 
pounds in ready money to be paid within one month — I 
earnestly desire my executrix whom I nominate to be my 
Ladie Anne Lovelace [i. e. his son William's widow] quiet- 
ly to suffer him the said Thomas Yarley to enjoy Jordoines 
house during the life of the said Thomas — unto Nan Hewet 
my old gowne of kersey — unto Mary the wife of Edward 
Turfet of Cant: my cloth cote to make her a wastcote of — 
unto the foresaid James Collimore his Father's and Mother's 
pictures wch hang up in my chamber in the Gray Friars 
beseeching God to bless him and to make him his servant 
— unto Mabell Collimore six pounds wch I borrowed of 
Mr. Hawkins upon some part of my goods desiring my 
daughter Lovelace [i e. his son William's widow] to redeem 
the same because my crimson velvet bed is part thereof 
— unto Ned Ward my great f ether' wch I use to muster 
withall desiring him to keep it for my sake — unto the poor 
of the Parish of Beatrisden twenty shillings. And as con- 
cerning all the rest of my goods, cattell, plate, utensills and 
money and money worth whatsoever I wholly give the same 
as it is conveied by Indenture unto [his grandchildren] Rich- 
ard Lovelace, Thomas Lovelace and William Lovelace, except 
that my will and meening is that Elizabeth Lovelace shall 
have the moietie of all my goods, cattell and utensills 
aforesaid and money whatsoever when she shall attaine the 


age of eighteen yeares because I know the said Inden- 
ture will be void in law for want of livery and seizure. 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
making my said daughter Executrix as aforesaid the sixt 
day of October above written anno Dni 1629, Edward 
Turfett, witness. Proved in the Consistory Court of Can- 
terbury the 19th October, 1629 by Lady Anne Lovelace, 
widow, the Executrix. 

Issue of Sir William Lovelace* (John 1 , Richard 3 , "William 3 , Wil- 
liam*, William 6 ) and his wife Elizabeth Aucher: 

i Richard Lovelace 7 . Baptized January 1st, 1582. Died in child- 
hood. His burial is recorded in the register of Canterbury Cath- 
edral: "October 24, 1602, Richard son ser. William Loveles". 
(Harlekm Soc. Reg. ii; 112). 

ii Sir William Lovelace 7 . Baptized February 12th, 1583-4. 
Knight and proprietor of Lovelace Place. Died 12 August, 1627. 
Married about 1610 Anne Barne daughter of Sir William Barne, 
Knight. Ancestor of the direct Bethersden line. See sketch 
VII post. 
iii Mabel Lovelace 7 . Baptized December 26th, 1584, at St. Al- 
phege, Canterbury. Buried July 12th, 1627, at Bethersden. Mar- 
ried Sir John Cullimore, mercer, 29 years of age, February 19, 1603, 
at St. Thomas The Apostle, London (Harlekwi Soc. Reg. 
vi; 9), who was buried July 30, 1620 in Canterbury Cathedral. 

The above shows there was a son James, living in 1629. Their 
only daughter Mabel died unmarried at Dr. Harde's house, Can- 
terbury, and was buried 1668 in the Cathedral (Arch, Cwnt. 
xx; 58). 

(To be continued.) 



4. CHARLES 3 GRYMES, of " Morattico ' ', Richmond County, 
where he inherited lands under his father's will. He was at the 
Wm. & Mary Grammer School 1704 &c, and later at the College. He 
was Sheriff of Richmond County 1724 and 1725, a member of the 
House of Burgesses Feb. 1727-8, and died intestate, in 1743. The 
inventory of his estate was recorded in Richmond County in that 
year. He married Frances, daughter of Edmund Jenings, of "Ripon 
Hall," York County, Governor of Virginia, and had issue: 

16. Frances 4 , married Philip Ludwell, of Green-Spring, James 
City County. The Ludwell Family Bible contains the following: 


' ' The daughter of Charles Grymes, of North Farnhaui Parish in the 
County of Richmond, in Virginia, Esquire, and Frances his wife, 
daughter of the Hon'ble Edmund Jenings of Rippon, in Yorkshire, 
in England, Esquire, who was born at Morattico, in the aforesaid 
County and Parish on ye 19th day of November, An. Dom. 1717. 
The marriage took place at Morattico aforesaid A. D. 1737"; 17. 
Lucy 4 , born April 26, 1734. She is said by tradition to have been 
"The Lowland Beauty", who was one of the youthful Washington's 
loves. She married Henry Lee, of "Leesylvania" Prince "William 
County, Dec. 1, 1753. She was the mother of General Henry ("Light 
Horse Harry") Lee, and the grandmother of Eobert E. Lee. 

9. PHILIP 4 GRYMES, of "Brandon", was born March 11, 1721, 
and died 1762. He was uo doubt educated at William & Mary. He was a 
Burgess for Middlesex, at the session of Oct. 1748, appointed to the 
Council 1751, and was Receiver General 1749-1754. He married Pec. 
8, 1742 Mary, daughter of Sir John Randolph, of Williamsburg 
(She died at Williamsburg, Jan. 10, 1768). 

His will, dated Dec. 18, 1756, and proved in Middlesex Feb. 2, 1762, 
is as follows: 

In the name of God Amen, I Philip Grymes of Brandon in the 
County of Middlesex being in good health and of sound mind & mem- 
ory do make this my last Will and Testament in the following 
manner. My Soul I commend to Almighty God hoping for his most 
gracious Acceptance of it & Pardon for my Sins through the Merits 
and Intercession of Jesus Christ my Saviour & Redeemer. My Body 
I desire may be buried in the Church Yard near my dear Relatives with 
Christian Decency but as little ceremony as possible. I desire that 
Prayers only may be read, having observed, that Funeral Sermons 
are generally prostituted by fulsome Flattery and too often by un- 
truths, not the least Regard being had to the Sacred Place and 
divine Presence in which they are delivered. I direct that there 
be no outward show of Mourning made Use of among my family, my 
wife only excepted, who may conform to the common Custom if she 
pleases, nor will I have any Tomb erected over me. As to my 
worldly affairs. First I will that all my Debts be duly and punc- 
tually paid. 

Item. For the Support and Maintenance of my dear and well be- 
loved Wife, I give unto her the Use and Occupation of my Mansion 
House and Plantation called Brandon with all the Outhouses Gardens, 
Orchard & Appurtenances, the Use of all my Servants and Slaves 
usually employed about the House & Gardens, and of all my Plate and 
Household Furniture of all Kinds and my Coach and Horses during her 
Widowhood. I give unto my said Wife all her wearing apparel, 
Watch, Rings, Jewels and all other Parapharnalia whatsoever. I also 
give unto my said Wife during her natural Life out of the Increase 


of my Estate a full third Part of the Provisions raised and Crops of 
all kinds made in the whole Estate, in Specie, she contributing one 
third of the charges & expenses in maintaining the Negroes and sup- 
plying the Plantation with all Things necessary for their support 
and Improvement and to the paiment of my Debts. And I do here- 
by declare that what I have hereby given unto my dearly beloved 
Wife is and shall be taken to be in Lieu Eecompence & full satis- 
faction of and for all her Dower and Thirds in all or any of my 
Lands Tenements & Hereditaments and of whatsoever else she might 
claim or demand in and out of any of my Estate Eeal or Personal. 

Item. I give and devise unto my eldest Daughter Lucy One 
Thousand Pounds and to my two younger Daughters Susanna and 
Mary Eight Hundred Pounds apiece when they shall respectively at- 
tain the age of Twenty One Years or marry, but if either or all 
of them should die before one of the Contingencies happen then 
the Legacy or Legacies of such Daughter or Daughters so dying 
shall fall into my Residuary Estate and be subject to the Dis- 
position hereafter made. 

Item. I give and devise unto my second son John Randolph 
Grymes and his Heirs forever all my Messuages Plantation Lands 
Tenements and Hereditaments with the Appurtenances lying and 
being in the County of King & Queen and all the Slaves, Stocks 
of all kinds and other Goods and chattels whatsoever belonging 
to the said lands at the time of my Death. I likewise give and 
devise unto my said son John Randolph Grymes and his Heirs 
for ever all my Lands Tenements and Hereditaments with the Mill 
and all Appurtenances lying and being near the upper End of Mid- 
dlesex County together with all the Slaves, Stocks of all kinds and 
other Goods, and chattels whatsoever belonging to the said lands at 
the time of my death. 

Item. I give and devise to my two sons Charles and Benjamin 
and their Heirs for ever all my Lands Tenements and Hereditaments 
with the appurtenances lying and being in the County of Culpeper 
with all the Slaves, Stocks of all kinds and other goods and chattels 
whatsoever belonging to the said Lands and Plantation at this Time 
of my death, which said Lands, slaves and other Premises shall be 
equally divided between my said Sons & held by them as Tenants in 
common until Division thereof be dully made, which I desire may be 
done as soon as convenient & each have his Part allotted him by 
my Trustees and Executors herein after named. But if it shall so 
happen that my son Philip depart this Life before he attains the 
age of Twenty one years then my Will & Desire is that my son John 
and his Heirs shall have all the Estate both real and personal herein 
devised to my said son Philip, my son Charles and his Heirs shall 
have all the Estate both real & personal in the County of King and 


a < 
n 2 



. r 





















X a! 
U o 


Queen herein devised to my said son John, and my son Benjamin 
and his Heirs shall have all the Estate both real and personal in the 
County of Middlesex herein also devised to my said son John, and if 
it shall happen that my son John depart this Life before he attains 
the Age of Twenty one years then and in that case my Will and De- 
sire is that his Estate shall be divided between my said sons Charles 
and Benjamin and held by them in the same manner as if my son 
Philip had departed this Life before he had attained the age of 
Twenty one years, and if is shall happen that either of my said sons 
Charles or Benjamin shall depart this Life before he attains the Age 
of Twenty one years then my Will & Desire is that the Estate of him 
so dying shall be equally divided between the survivors and my son 
John and their Heirs, and whereas my Intention is to place and settle 
on those Lands in the County of Culpeper before my Death at least 
fifty working slaves. I do direct and appoint that if at the Time 
of my Death there shall not be fifty working slaves properly belong- 
ing to those plantations, that in such case, my Trustees and Execu- 
tors or the survivors of them shall purchase so many young work- 
ing Slaves, Men or Women or both as with these belongings to the 
said Lands at the time of my Death will fully compleat and make 
up the aforesaid number of fifty working slaves, and shall place 
and seat them upon those Lands for the Use of my said sons Charles 
and Benjamin & their Heirs for ever. The Charge and Expense of 
this Purchase to be defrayed and born out of my personal Estate & 
the Profits of my other Estate. 

Item. My Will & Desire is that the Money arising from the sale 
of a Tract of Land in Spotsylvania County mortgaged to my deceased 
Father by Oswald Smith late of that County the legal Title of which 
becomes now vested in me as Heir at Law, having foreclosed the 
Equity of Eedemption of the same, may be equally divided between 
Hannah and Susannah Potter who are entitled to the same in Equity. 
My Will further is, and I do hereby direct and appoint that all 
Goods and Merchandizes that I may have sent for to Great Britain 
at the time of my Death which shall happen to arrive afterwards, 
and all Goods and Merchandizes that shall be in the House at the time 
of my Death shall be made use of for the clothing my Wife, Children 
and Slaves and for furnishing my Plantation in the same manner as 
I might or should have used them if I had been living, and all the 
rest and Kesidue of my Estate both real and personal not herein 
disposed of I give and devise to my eldest son Philip Ludwell 
Grymes and his Heirs for ever. Lastly I declare my Will to be, that my 
four Sons as they shall repectively attain the Age of Twenty one years 
shall be possesed of the Lands Slaves and personal Estate devised to 
each of them, saving their Mothers Bight of Dower if she shall be 
then living. But in the meantime my Will is that the several Estates 


real and personal hereby given to my said Sons and all my ready 
money and outstanding Debts shall after my Death be vested in the 
following Trustees, viz., My loving Wife my Brothers Peyton Ran- 
dolph & Benjamin Grymes Esquires and my good Friend and Neighbor 
Major John Eobinson the Survivor or Survivors of them in Trust. 
First for the satisfying and Paying All my just Debts and my Lega- 
cies out of my ready money and outstanding Debts and if the same 
shall not prove sufficient for that Purpose then to apply the Profits of 
my other Estate to discharge my Debts remaining unsatisfied. And 
afterwards in Trust for the Maintenance and Education of my child- 
ren until my Daughters shall be married or entitled to their respective 
Legacies out of the said Profits. And as to the Overplus of Profits in 
Trust for raising and paying the Legacies before given to my Daugh- 
ters. And when that is accomplished in Trust for the maintaining and 
educating each of my Sons out of the Profits of his own proper Estate 
during their Minority. And lastly in Trust, to account for & pay to 
each of my Sons as they respectively come to age all surplus 
Profits arising out of their respective Estates. And when any of my 
Sons attain the age of Twenty one years the Trust aforesaid shall 
cease and be determined as to his or their Estate or Estates: But 
in case the Sum of Money to be raised out of my Estate for the Pay- 
ment of the Legacies be not then compleated the Sum wanting shall 
still be chargable upon them in proporation to the clear yearly value 
of the Estate delivered up, which shall be computed & finally adjusted 
by my Trustees aforementioned the Survivors or Survivor of them. 

Item. I appoint my dear and well beloved Wife Guardian of my 
Daughters until they attain their full Age or marry; and I appoint 
all my aforementioned Trustees and the Survivors or Survivor of 
them Guardians of my Sons until they arrive at the Age of Twenty 
one years. And if any question Doubt or Controversy arise touching 
the Meaning and Exposition of this my Will during the Guardian- 
ship aforesaid, the same shall be fully determined by my said Trus- 
tees or the Major Part of them and what they shall judge or deter- 
mine shall be binding upon all my said Children. 

Item. I nominate and appoint my said well beloved Wife, my 
Brothers Peyton Bandolph and Benjamin Grymes Esquires & my good 
Friend and Neighbor Major John Robinson Executors of this my 
last Will declaring that my Intention is not to release any Debt which 
either of them shall happen to owe me at the Time of my Death. 
Lastly I desire that my Estate shall not be appraised and that my 
Executors give no Security for the Discharge of the Trust reposed 
in them. And I do hereby revoke all former Wills made by me, de- 
claring to be my true last Will and Testament. In Testimony where- 
of I have hereunto set my Hand and affixed my Seal this Eighteenth 


Day of December in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven hun- 
dred & fifty six. 


Signed sealed published and Declared by the said Philip Grymes 
as and for his last Will and Testament, in the Presence of us who 
were present at the Signing & Sealing thereof. 

Peter Randolph. 

Chs. Carter jr. 

John Skinker. 

John Gilliam. 

I Philip Grymes of Brandon in the County of Middlesex being in 
Health & sound disposing mind & Memory, do make this Codicil to this 
my last Will and Testament: Whereas since the making this my Will it 
has pleased God to bless me with another Daughter, whom we have 
named Betty, who is not provided for in the said Will, I do hereby 
give her the same Portion that I have alloted to each of her 
Sisters Susannah and Mary, to be paid in the same manner and out 
of the same Particular parts of my Estate as the other two above- 
mentioned Daughters' portions are directed to be paid. In Witness 
whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this fifth Day of 

August, 1761. 


At a Court held for Middlesex County at the Court House in 
Urbanna, on Tuesday, the 2nd day of February, 1762. 

The last Will and Testament of the Hon'ble Philip Grymes, 
Esq., dec'd, being presented by Benjamin Grymes and John Robin- 
son, two of the Exrs. therein mentioned, was proved by the Oaths 
of Charles Carter, Jun'r, and John Skinker Gentn. two of the Wit- 
nesses thereto and ordered to be recorded. And the said benjamin 
Grymes and John Robinson having taken the Oath of an Exor, Cer- 
tificate is granted them for obtaining a probat in due form. 

At a Court held for Middlesex County at the Court House in 
Urbanna, Tuesday, the 2nd day of March, 1762. 

The Will of the Hon'ble Philip Grymes, Esq., dec'd, being 
brought into Court according to order, Peyton Randolph, Esq., and 
Mary Grymes, the other Ex'ors therein mentioned, took the Oath of 
an Ex 'or, which is ordered to be Certified. 


Philip and Mary Grymes had issue: 

18. Lucy, born August 24, 1743, died Sept. 18, 1834; married July 
3, 1762, Thomas Nelson, of Yorktown, Governor of Virginia; Major 
General commanding Virginia Militia at the siege of Yorktown, and 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. She was buried at Fork 


Church, Hanover County, where her tomb, giving dates of death and 
age, remains. 

19. Philip Ludwett. 5 

20. John Eandolph 5 , born about 1746, died 1820. He entered 
Eton in 1760, and was probably later at one of the Universities or 
Inns of Court. He took the English side at the beginning of the 
Revolution, and joined Lord Dunmore in 1776 at the head of a 
troop. Dunmore was much elated at the accession of Mr. Grymes, 
and wrote Lord George Germaine that he was a great acquisition to 
the royal cause, and was "of the first family in Virginia, a gen- 
tleman of fortune, amiable character, strict honor, brave, active and 
able." John R. Grymes entered the Queen's Rangers under Simcoe, 
and served with credit as Major until 1778, when he went to 
England. When Napoleon was expected to invade England, Major 
Grymes was an officer in a force of American Royalists. Later he re- 
turned to Virginia and became a wealthy planter in Orange County. 
He married his cousin Susanna, daughter of John Randolph, for- 
merly Attorney General of Virginia (also a refugee loyalist), and 
died without issue. 

21. (harks. 5 

22. Benjamin. 5 

23. Susanna, born March 4, 1752; married March (another ac- 
count says November) 28, 1772, Nathaniel Burwell, of "Carter's 
Grove," James City County, and later of "Carter Hall," Frederick 
(now Clarke) County. 

24. Mary, born March 4, 1754; married, October, 1774, Robert 
Nelson, of Yorktown. 

25. Peyton 5 . 

26. Elizabeth, married Dr. Matthew Pope, of Yorktown, a sur- 
geon in the American Army during the Revolution. 

(To be continued.) 



Virginia Historical Society 

JANUARY, 1920. 

W. Gordon McCabe, Richmond, Va. 


Edward V. Valentine, Richmond, Va. 
Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg, Va. 
Philip A. Bruce, University, Va. 

Corresponding Seecretary and Librarian. 
William G. Stanard, Richmond, Va. 

Recording Secretary. 
D. C. Richardson, Richmond, Va. 

Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Executive Committee. 

C. V. Meredith, Richmond, Va. Wm. H. Palmer, Richmond, Va. 
J.Stewart Bryan, Richmond, Va. Daniel Grinnan, Richmond, Va. 
A. C. Gordon, Staunton, Va. J. P. McGuire, Jr., Richmond, Va. 

S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond, Va. Wm. A. Anderson, Lexington, Va. 
S. H. Yonge, Norfolk, Va. Earl G. Swem, New York, N. Y. 

Morgan P. Robinson, Richmond, Va. 
and ex-offlcio, the President, Vice-Presidents, Secretaries 
and Treasurer. 


Keane, Prof. A. H., London, Eng. 


Bacon, H. F., Bury St. Edmund, Eng. 
Banks, Chas. E., M. D. 
Barber, E. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bryant, H. W., Portland, Maine. 
Campeau, Hon., F. R. E., Ottawa, Can, 
Champlin, J. D., Jr., New York, N.Y. 
Craig, Isaac, Alleghany, Pa, 
Hinke, Prof. W. J., Auburn, N. Y. 
Hoes, Rev. R. R., Washington, D. C. 

Judah, George F., Spanish Town, 

Nicholson, Col. J. P., Philadelphia, 

Richemond, Mons. Meschinet De, La 

Rochelle, France. 
Ross, Hon. D. A., Quebec, Can. 
Wright, W. H. K., Plymouth, Eng. 


Adams, Gilmer S., Louisville, Ky. 

Adams, Wm. Newton, Bridgehamp- 
ton, L. I. 

Alexander, H. M., New York, N Y.. 

Ancell, Rev. B. L, New York, N. Y. 

Andrews, A. B. L, Jr., Raleigh, N. C. 

Bagnell, Mrs. Wm., St. Louis, Mo. 

Barratt, Judge Norris S., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Billings, C. K. G, New York, N. Y. 

Blackwell, Henry, New York, N Y. 

Blair, Mrs. Lewis H., Richmond, Va. 

Blankinship, Dr. J. W., Berkley, Cal. 

Bryan, Jonathan, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Robert C, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, St. George, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, J. Stewart, Richmond, Va. 

Bullitt, Dr. John C, Wayne, Pa. 

Bushnell, David I.. Jr., University, Va. 

Cabell, J. Alston, Richmond, Va. 

Cabell, Col. H. C, U. S. A., Port- 
land, Oregon. 

Childers, Col. Gracey, Clarksville, 

Cox, Mrs. Wm. Ruffin, Richmond, Va. 

Clement, Capt. H. C, U. S. A, Gov- 
ernor's Island, N. Y. 
Clements, Mrs. Helen I., St. Louis.Mo. 
Cocke, Lucian H., Ronoake, Va. 
Cook, Heustis P., Richmond, Va. 
Deats, H. E., Flemington, N. J. 
Dooley, James H., Richmond, Va. 
Downman, R. H., New Orleans, La. 
Earnest, Joseph B., Lexington, Ky. 
Fothergill, Mrs. Robert, Richmond, 

Gary, J. A., Baltimore, Md. 
Gibbs, Mrs. Virginia B., Newport, 

R. I. 
Gratz, Simon, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hanna, Charles, A., Montclair, N. J. 
Harrison, Fairfax, Belvoir, Fauquier 

Co., Va. 
Harrison, Richard Fairfax, Fauquier 

Co., Va. 
Hill, C. K., Harriman, Tenn. 
Hobson, Mrs. Henry W„ Jr., New 

York, N. Y. 
Hotchkiss, Elmore D, Jr., Richmond, 

Hughes, R. M., Norfolk, Va. 



Huntington, Archer M., Baychester, 
N. T. 

Hyde, James Hazen, Paris, France 

Jones, Judge Lewis H., Louisville, 

Keith, Charles P., Philadelphia Pa. 

Kinsolving, "Walter O., Austin, Tex. 

Lee, Edmund J., M. D., Philadelphia, 

Lee, W. H., St. Louis, Mo. 

Mason, Wm. Peyton, Ft. Worth, Tex. 

Miller, Dr. J. L, Thomas, W. Va. 

Mitchell, Robert, Richmond, Va. 

Moriarty, G. Andrews, Providence. 
R. I. 

Morse, Willard S., Seaford, Del. 

McCabe, Col. E. R. Warner, U. S. A. 

McCabe, W. Gordon. Jr., Charleston, 
S. C. 

McCormick, Cyrus Hall, Chicago, 

Nolting, Miss Elizabeth Aiken, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Pillsbury, Mrs. Charles L„ Minnea- 
polis, Minn. 

Raborg, T. M. T., New York, N. T. 

Richardson, D. C, Richmond, Va. 

Robinson, Morgan P., Richmond, Va. 

Rosser, Thomas L., Jr., Charlotts- 

ville, Va. 
Rucker, Mrs. Booker Hall, Rolla, Mo. 
Scott, Frederick W., Rchmond, Va. 
Scott, Wfnfield, New York, N. Y. 
Sharp, Willoughby, Jr., New York, 

N. Y. 
Stires, Rev. Ernest, M. D. D., New 

York, ■ N. Y. 
Stubbs, Wm. C, New Orleans, La. 
Swanson, Hon. Claude A., Chatham, 

Sweet, Mrs. Edith M., St. Albans, 

W. Va. 
Talcott, Col. T. M. R., Richmond, Va. 
Tedcastle, Mrs. Arthur W., Milton,- 

Waterman, W. H., New Bedford, 

Watson, Mrs. Alexander McKenzie, 

Washington, D. C. 
Webb, W. Seward, New York, N. Y. 
Wickham, Henry T., Richmond, Va. 
Williams, A. D., Richmond, Va. 
Willson, Mrs. Howard T., Virden, 

Williams, Thomas C, Richmond, Va. 
Winslow, H. M., Harriman, Tenn. 
Woodson, Captain R. S., U. S. A., St. 

Louis, Mo. 


Abney, John R., New York, N. Y. 

Adams, Walter, Framingham, Mass. 

Addison, .E. B., Richmond, Va. 

Adkins, S. B., Richmond, Va. 

Allen, Herbert F. M.. Washington, 
D. C. 

Ambler, Ben. Mason, Parkersburg, 
W. Va. 

Ames, Mrs. Joseph S., Baltimore, Md. 

Anderson, B. P., M. D., Colorado 
Springs, Col. 

Anderson, Charles C, Richmond, Va. 

Anderson, W. A., Lexington, Va., 

Andrews, Prof. C. M., Yale Univer- 
sity, New Haven, Conn. 

Antrim, Hugh, Richmond, Va. 

Atkins, Mrs. G. W. E., New York, 
N. Y. 

Atkinson, Thomas, Richmond, Va. 

Atwood, Lewis R., Louisville, Ky. 

Austin-Leigh, Richard A., London, 

Axtell, Decatur, Richmond, Va. 

Bacon, Mrs. Horace S., North Middle- 
town, Ky. 
Bagby, Mrs. Parke C, Richmond, Va. 
Baker, C. C, Texas City, Texas. 
Ballard, N. H., Brunswick, Ga. 
Barbour, John S., Washington, D. C. 
Barham, Dr. W. B., Newsoms, Va. 
Barnum, Mrs. George, Winchester, 

Baskervlll, P. H., Richmond, Va. 
Bates, S. E., Richmond, Va. 
Battle, George Gordon, New York, 

N. Y. 
Bayne, Howard R., New York, N. Y. 
Beer, George Louis, New York, N.Y. 
Beirne, Capt. Francis F., Richmond, 

Bell, Landon C, Columbus, Ohio. 
Bell, Robert O., Richmond, Va. 
Belmont, August, New York, N. Y. 
Berry, Mrs. C. D., Nashville, Tenn. 
Best, Frank E., Chicago, 111. 
Beveridge, Hon. A. J., Indianapolis, 


*This list includes subscribers to the Magazine. 


Blackstock, Ira B., Springfield, 111. 
Blair, Miss Louisa Coleman, Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Blow, George P., La Salle, 111. 
Boatwright, Mrs. Gertrude F. H., 

Roanoke, Va. 
Boddie, John T., Chicago, 111. 
Boisseau, P. H., Danville, Va. 
Boiling, Charles E., Richmond, Va. 
Booker, Mrs. Hunter R., Hampton, 

Boreman, R. J. A., Parkersburg, W. 

Bosher, Mrs. Robert S., Richmond. 

Bowling, Benjamin L., Chicago, 111. 
Boykin, Miss Anna B., Richmond, Va. 
Bradshaw, Mrs. Rosena, Paducah, 

Brame, Miss Lucile, Knoxvllle, Tenn. 
Branch, John K., Richmond, Va. 
Brodhead, Mrs. Lucas, Versailes, 


Brooke, George D., Cumberland, Md. 

Brooke, Richard N.. Washington, 
D. C. 

Brooke, Major Richard, Weston, W. 

Brooke, Robert T., Birmingham, Ala. 

Brooke, S. S., Roanoke, Va. 

Brooke, Dr. T. V, Sutherlin, Va. 

Brown, Prof. W. G., Columbia, Mo. 

Brown, J. Tompson, Richmond, Va. 

Brown, Wallace F., Richmond, Va. 

Bruce, Hon. C. M., Washington, D. C. 

Bruce, Philip Alexander, University, 

Bruce, Mrs. Mary Howard, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Bryan, George, Richmond, Va. 

Bryan, Thomas P., Richmond, Va. 

Budlong, Mrs. Milton J., New York, 
N. Y. 

Bukey, Mrs. John Spencer, Vienna, 

Bullard, Mrs. B. F., Savannah, Ga. 

Bullitt, Wm. Marshall, Louisville, 

Burges, Richard F., El Paso, Texas. 

Burwell, D. S. Norfolk, Va. 

Byrd, Samuel M., Brook Haven, 

Callahan, G. C, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Callery, Mrs. J. D., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Cameron, Col. Benehan, Stagville, 
N. C. 

Cameron, Miss Mary H., Richmond, 

Campbell R. K., Washington, D. C. 

Cannon, Mrs. G. Randolph, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Caperton, Mrs. James W., Rich- 
mond, Ky. 

Capps, Rear Admiral, W. L.. U. S. 
N., Washington, D. C. 

Carglll, Mrs. T. A., Houston, Texas. 

Carpenter, Pay Director J. S., U. S. 
N., Boston, Mass. 

Carrington, Edward C, New York, 
N. Y. 

Cartwright, Mrs. S. A. Brooke, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Cary, T. Archibald. Richmond, Va. 

Catlett, Mrs. Richard H., Staunton. 

Chamberlayne, Churchill G., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Chandler, Dr. J. A. C, Williamsburg, 

Chandler, R. G., Chicago, 111. 

Chandler, Walter T., Chicago, 111. 

Chauncey, Mrs. Agnes C, Narberth, 

Chilton, W. B., Washington, D. C. 

Chowning, C. C, Urbanna, Va. 

Christian, Judge Geo. L., Richmond, 

Christian, Walter. Richmond, Va. 

Claiborne, Dr. J. H., New York, N. Y. 

Claiborne, Mrs. Robert, New York, 
N. Y. 

Claiborne, Rev. W. S., Sewanee, 

Clark, Mrs. Edward H., New York, 
N. Y. 

Clark, W. Welch, Danville, Va.. 

Clark, Wm. Hancock, New York, 
N. Y. 

Clark, Mrs. G. Harvey, Richmond, 

Clarke, P. N., Louisville, Ky. 

Clement, Mrs. N. E., Chatham, Va. 

Clyde, W. P., New York, N. Y. 

Cobb, Wm. H, Elkins. W. Va. 

Coffin, Charles P., Brookline, Mass. 

Coke, Capt. John A., Richmond, Va. 

Coleman, Aylett B., Roanoke, Va. 

Coleman, Charles W., Washington, 
D. C. 

Coles, Mrs. T. B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Colston, Edward, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Connor, Judge H. G, Wilson, N. C. 

Coolidge, Archibald C, Cambridge, 



Corbin, Richard Beverley, New York, 
N Y. 

Corbin, Richard W., Newport, R. I. 

Cotten, Bruce, Baltimore, Md. 

Craig, Mrs. Lawrence R., Little Rock, 

Cozzens, Federick B., Chicago, 111. 

Crenshaw, S. Dabney, Richmond, Va. 

Cridlin, W. B., Richmond, Va. 

Crockett, R. H., Franklin, Tenn. 

Crump, Judge Beverley T., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Crump, James D., Richmond, Va. 

Culleton, Leo., London, Eng. 

Dabney, Dr. William M., Ruxton, Md. 
Dabney, Prof. R. H., University, 

Daingerfleld, Francis Lee, Alex- 
andria, Va. 
Dance, Mrs. Russell, Corinth, Miss. 
Dandridge, Miss Mary E., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 
Darling, Mrs. Frank W., Hampton, 

Daughters, A. R., Washington, D. C. 
Davis, Arthur K., Petersburg, Va. 
Davis, Mrs. E. P., Columbia, S. C. 
Davis, W. O., Gainesville, Texas. 
Denham, Edward, New Bedford, 

Denson, C. B., Raleigh, N. C. 
Dickey, Judge Lyle A., Lihue, H. T. 
Dillard, Dr. James H., Charlottes- 
ville, Va. 
Doneghy, Mrs. John T., Macon, Mo. 
Doremus, Mrs. C. A., New York, 

N. Y. 
Downing, Prof. G. C, Washington, 

D. C. 
Drewry Hon. P. H., Petersburg, Va. 
Driven, Mrs. James L., Bardstown, 

Duke, Judge R. T. W., Jr., Char- 
lottesville, Va. 
Dunn, John, M. D., Richmond, Va. 
Dupont, Col. H. A., Winterthur, Del. 
Duval, Mrs. Maria P., Charlestown, 

W. Va. 
Dwight, Dr. E. W., Boston, Mass. 

Eagon, Robert E., Dallas, Texas. 
Easley, J. C, Richmond, Va. 
East, John P., New York, N. Y. 
Eaton, George G., Washington, D. C. 

Eckenrode, Dr. H. J., Richmond, Va. 

Eggleston, Dr. J. D., Hampden-Sid- 
ney, Va. 

Ellis, Wade H., Washington, D. C. 

Ellis, William A., Florence, Ala. 

Embry, Judge Alvin T., Fredricks- 
burg, Va. 

Empie, Adam, New York, N. Y. 

Eustace, Wm. Corcoran, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Evans, Miss Catherine, Richmond, 

Farrar, Edgar H., New Orleans, La. 
Faulkner, C. J., Boydton, Va. 
Feild, W. P., Little Rock, Ark. 
Ferrell, Mrs. Chas. C. Anson, Texas. 
Fife, Prof. R. H., Middletown, Conn. 
Fitzhugh, Gen. Chas. L., Washington, 

D. C. 
Fletcher, William Meade, Sperry- 

ville, Va. 
Fountain, General S. W., U. S. A., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Frances, Mrs. Charles E., Bedford, 

Freeman, D. S., Richmond, Va. 
French, Dr. Jno. Herndon, New York, 

N. Y. 
Furlow, Floyd C, New York, N. Y. 

Gaines, C. Carrington, Ploughkeep- 

sie, N. Y. 
Gaines, J. B., Leesburg, Fla. 
Garland, Spotswooa, Wilmington, 

Garner, J. W., Falls Church, Va. 
Gilbert, Mrs. Wells, Oswego, Ore. 
Gilbert, Mrs. R. M., New York, N. Y. 
Gilbert, Prof. W. E., East Radford, 

Giles, T. Peyton, Richmond, Va. 
Glover, Rolfe E., Richmond, Va. 
Goddard, A. J., Freeport, 111. 
Good, D. Sayler, Roanoke, Va. 
Goodwin, Rev. E. L., Richmond, Va. 
Goodwyn, Tyler, Montgomery, Ala. 
Goodwyn, Mrs. W. S., Emporia, Va. 
Gordon, Armistead C, Staunton, Va. 
Gray, Henry W., Jr., Hartford, Conn. 
Gregory, George C, Rio Vista, Va. 
Grinnan, Judge Daniel, Richmond, 

Grinnan, John C, Norfolk, Va. 
Groome, H. C, Warrenton, Va. 



Guthrie, Capt. John W., U. S. A. 
Guy, H. I., Schenectady, N. Y. 

Hairston, S. W., Roanoke, Va. 
Hamilton, Mrs. Amelia C, New 

York, N. Y. 
Hardy, Miss Stella Pickett, Bates- 

ville, Ark. 
Harpel, Mrs. Almeda B., Des Moines, 

Harrington, Howard S., New York, 

N. Y. 
Harris, Alfred T., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Harris, John T., Jr., Harrisonburg, 

Harrison, Mrs. Carter H., Univer- 
sity, Va. 
Harrison, Horn Francis Burton, 

Manila, P. I. 
Harrison, Geo. T., M. D., University, 

Harrison, Robert L., New York, 

N. Y. 
Harrison, W. Gordon, Savanah, Ga. 
Harrison, W. Preston, Los Angeles, 

Hasbrook, Col. Charles E., Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Hawes, S. H., Richmond, Va. 
Heatwole, Prof. C. J., Athens, Ga. 
Heath, James E., Norfolk, Va. 
Hempston, W. D., Leesburg, Va. 
Henning, Mrs. S. T., Shelbyville, Ky. 
Herndon, J. W., Alexandria, Va. 
Heyer, Mrs. Mary B., Wilmington, 

N. C. 
Hibbett, A. J., Hattiesburg. Miss. 
Higgins, Mrs. D. F., Joliet, 111. 
High, Mrs. J. M. Atlanta, Ga. 
Hlne, Col. Charles DeLano, U. S. A., 

Vienna, Va. 
Hite, Rev. Lewis F., Cambridge, 

Holladay, A. Randolph, Warmines- 

ter, Va. 
Holt, R. O, New York, N. Y. 
Hord, Rev. A. H., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Horsley, Dr. J. Shelton, Richmond, 

Houston, Mrs. E. M., Walton, Fla. 
Houston, Miss Martha K, Columbus, 

Howard, Mrs. Eleanor Washington, 

Washington, D. C. 
Howard, Major McHenry, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Howell, Arden, Richmond, Va. 
Hughes, A. S., Denver, Col. 
Hume, Mrs, Frank, Washington, 

D. C. 
Hunt, Gaillard, Washington, D. C. 
Hunter, James W., Norfolk, Va. 
Hunton, Eppa, Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Hutcheson, H. F., Boydton, Va. 
Hutcheson, Mrs. J. C, Houston, Tex. 
Hutchinson, Cary T., New York, 

N. Y 

Jackson, H. W., Richmond. Va. 
James, Mrs. J. O., Chatham, Va. 
Jameson, Mrs. S. W., Roanoke, Va. 
Jarman, Prof. J. L., Farmville, Va. 
Jeffress, T. F., Drewry's Bluff, Va. 
Jenkins, Luther H, Richmond, Va. 
Jewett, W. K., Passadena, Cal. 
Johnson, B. F., Wshlngton, D. C. 
Johnston, Miss Mary, Warm Springs, 

Jones, Mrs. Boiling H., Alanta, Ga. 
Jones, T. Catesby, New York, N. Y. 
Jones, Mrs. Richard, New Orleans, 

Jones, Meriwether, Richmond, Va. 
Jones, W. Strother, Red Bank, N. J. 
Joynes, Levin, Richmond, Va. 
Junkin, Francis T. A., Chicago, I1L 

Kable, Mrs. W. G, Staunton, Va. 
Keach, Mrs. O. A., Wichita, Kan. 
Keim, Mrs. Betty L., Philadelphia, 

Kemper, Charles E., Staunton, Va. 
Kirby, Judge Samuel B., Louisville, 

Kirk, Henry J., Bertrand, Va. 
Klemm, Mrs. J. G, Jr., Haverford, 


Lamb, Mrs. E, T., Norfolk, Va. 

Lacy, Samuel W., Washington, D. C. 

Lambert, Mrs. W. H., Germantown, 

Lancaster, R. A., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Lawrence, Mrs. Graham, Shelbyville, 

Leake, J. Jordan, Richmond, Va. 

Lee, Blair, Silver Springs, Md. 

Lee, R. E., Jr., Fairfax County, Va. 

Leigh, Egbert G., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Lester, J. Calvin, Kansas City, Mo. 

Lewis, Charles, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Lewis, Judge Lunsford L., Rich- 
mond, Va. 



Lloyd, Mrs. Arthur S., New York, 

N. Y. 
Lodge, Hon. H. C, Washington, D C. 
Locke, Victor Murat, Antlers, Okla. 
Long, Ernest M., Richmond, Va. 
Long, E. McL., New York, N. Y. 
Lorton, Heth, New York, N. Y. 
Loyall, Captain B. P., Norfolk, Va. 
Lukeman, H. Augustus, New York, 

N. Y. 

Mallory, Col. J. S., U. S. A. Lexington, 

Markham, George D., St. Louis, Mo. 
Mason, Mrs. Frank T., Atlanta, Ga. 
Massie, Robert, Lynchburg, Va. 
Mastin, Mrs. George R., Lexington, 

Matthews, Albert, Boston, Mass. 
Maury, C. W., Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, E. C, Richmond, Va. 
Mayo, P. H., Richmond, Va. 
Mercer, Mrs. William P., Elm City, 

N. C. 
Meredith, Charles V., Richmond, Va. 
Meriwether, Mrs. Minor, Shreveport, 

Merrill, Mrs. Lida W., Terre Haute, 

Meyer, Mrs. August R., Kansas City, 

Michie, Thomas J., Charlottesville. 

Mickley, Miss Minnie F., Allentown, 

Miller, Rudolph P., New York, N. Y. 
MInnigerode, Charles, Baltimore, Md. 
Minor, BenJ. S., Washington, D. C. 
Mitchell, Kirkwood, Richmond, Va. 
Moffett, Miss Edna V., Wellesley, 

Moncure, James A., Richmond, Va. 
Montague, Hill, Richmond, Va. 
Morgan, Dr. Danitil H., Lanesville, 

N. Y. 
Moore, Warner, Richmond, Va. 
Moore, Mrs. W. C, Columbus, Ohio. 
Morton, Richard Lee, Williamsburg, 

Morton, W. S., Charlotte C. H., Va. 
Mosby, Mrs. J. B., Richmond, Va. 
Munford, Mrs. Beverley B., Rich- 
mond, Va. 
Munford, R. B., Jr., Richmond, Va. 

Murrell, W. M., Lynchburg, Va. 

Myers, Barton, Norfolk, Va. 

McAllister, J. T., Hot Springs, Va. 

McBryde, Dr. J. M., Blacksburg, Va. 

McCabe, Capt. W. Gordon, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

McConnell, Prof. J. P., Radford, Va. 

McCormick, Robert H., Jr., Chicago, 

McCorkle, Walter L., New York, 
N. Y. 

McCormick, Harold F., Chicago, 111. 

McCutcheon, Mrs. B. B., Clifton, 
Forge, Va. 

McFall, James, Philadelphia, Pa. 

McGraw, John T., Grafton, W. Va. 

McGaroarty, W. B., Falls Church, Va. 

McGuire, Dr. Edward, Richmond. Va. 

McGuire, Mrs. Frank H., Richmond, 

McGuire, John Peyton, Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Murray M., Richmond, Va. 

McGuire, Dr. Stuart, Richmond, Va. 

McKim, Rev. Randolph H., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

McKinney, Mrs. Roy W., Paducah, 

Mcllwaine, Dr. H. R., Richmond, Va. 

Mcllwaine, W. B., Petersburg, Va. 

Mcintosh, Charles F., Norfolk, Va. 

McNeil, Mrs. Walter S., Richmond, 

Neale, S. C, Washington, D. C. 

Neilson, Miss Lou, Oxford, Miss. 

Nichols, Rt. Rev. W. F., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

Nicholls, Col. Maury, U. S. A.. Nor- 
folk, Va. 

Nixon, Lewis, Metuchen, N. J. 

Norvell, Mrs. Lipscomb, Beaumont, 

OConnell, Rt. Rev. D. J., Richmond, 

Osborne, W. L. H., Glide, Oregon. 
Outerbridge, Mrs. A. J., Easton, Md. 
Owen, Thomas M. Montgomery, Ala. 

Page, Mrs. Mann, Elizabeth, N. J. 
Page, S. Davis, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Page, Rosewell, Beaver Dam, Va. 



Page, Hon. Thomas Nelson, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Palmer, Col. William H., Richmond, 

Parker, Col. John, Browsholme Hall. 
Clethiroe, Lancashire, Eng. 

Patteson, S. S. P., Richmond, Va. 

Paxton, T. B., Jr., Chicago, 111. 

Payne, John B., Washington, D. C. 

Payne, Marshall John, Staunton, Va. 

Pegram, Henry, New York, N. Y. 

Pegram, Lt.-Col. John C, U. S. A. 

Penn, Mrs. James G., Danville, Va. 

Pescud, Peter F., New Orleans, La. 

Peterkin, Mrs. George W., Parkers- 
burg, W. Va. 

Pettigrew, Mrs. C. D., Pine Bluff, 

Pettus, William J., M. D., U. S. 
Marine Hospital Service, Char- 
leston, S. C. 

Pinckney, C. C, Richmond, Va. 

Pleasants, Edwin, Richmond, Va. 

Pleasants, Dr. J. Hall, Baltimore, 

Poindexter, W. W., Lynchburg, Va. 

Pollard, Henry R., Richmond, Va. 

Prentiss, Judge R. R., Suffolk, Va. 

Ramey, Mrs. Alice Lewis, Brown- 
wood, Texas. 

Pandolph, Mrs. Robert Lee, Alex- 
andria, La. 

Reed, P. L., Richmond, Va. 

Reid, Prof. Legh W., Haverford, Pa. 

Richardson, Albert Levin, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Richardson, Wm. D., Richmond, Va. 

Ridgeley, Mrs. Jane, Chicago, 111. 

Rives, Mrs. W. C, Washngton, 
D. C. 

RoBards, Col. John Lewis, Hannabal, 

Roberson, Mrs. J. Fall, Cropwell, 

Roberts, Mrs. James A., Marietta, 

Robertson, Frank S., Abingdon, Va. 

Robertson, Thos. B., Hopewell, Va. 

Robins, Dr. C. R., Richmond, Va. 

Robinson, Alexander G., Louisville, 

Robinson, Judge C. W., Newport, 
News, Va. 

Robinson, P. M., Clarksburg, W. Va. 

Robinson, Mrs. Poitiaux, Richmond, 

Rockwell, Mrs. Eckley, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Ryan, Thos. F., Oak Ridge, Va. 

Sands, Alexander H, Richmond, Va. 
Savage, N. R., Richmond, Va. 
Scherr, Henry, Williamson, W. Va. 
Schouler, Prof. James, Intervale, 

N. H. 
Scott, Alexander V., Rosedale, Miss. 
Scott, George Cole, Richmond, Va. 
Scott, Thomas B., Richmond, Va. 
Scott, W. W., Orange, Co., Va. 
Shearer, W. B., New Orleans, La. 
Shelton, Thos. W. Norfolk, Va. 
Shelton, Mrs. T. J. Denver, Col. 
Shepherd, Dr. Wm. A., Richmond, Va. 
Shewmake, Oscar L., Surry, Va. 
Shine, Dr. Francis Eppes, Blsbee, 

STiipley, Mrs. Walter, St. Louis, Mo. 
Sim, John R.. New York, N. Y. 
Sitterding, Fritz, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Austin, Mlddletown, Ohio. 
Smith, A. D., Fayetteville, W. Va. 
Smith, Alda L., Belton, S. C. 
Smith, Capt. Boyd, Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Miss Edith W., Denver, Col. 
Smith, H. M„ Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Smith, Willis B., Petersburg, Va. 
Smith, Capt. R. C, U. S. $. New 

York, N. Y. 
Southall, Rev. S. O., Dinwiddle, Va. 
Spilman, Gen. B. W., Warrenton, Va. 
Stanard, W. G., Richmond, Va. 
Statham, Miss Mary B., Passadena, 

Staton, Mrs. James G., Williamston, 

N. C. 
Stechert & Co., New York, N. Y. 
Steiger, E., New York, N. Y. 
Stern, General Jo. Lane, Richmond, 

Stettinius, Mrs. E. R., New York, 

N. Y. 
Stevens, B. F. and Brown, London, 

Stewart, Miss Annie C, Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Miss E. Hope, Brook Hill, 



Stewart, Miss Norma, Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Miss Lucy W., Brook Hill, 

Stewart, Rev. J. Calvin, Richmond, 

Stewart, J. A., Louisville, Ky. 
Stiles, Mrs. Barnett, Medina, Texas. 
Stone, Miss Lucie, P., Hollins, Va. 
Stoner, Mrs. R. G. f Mt. Sterling, Ky. 
Strother, Henry, Fort Smith, Ark. 
Strother, James French, Welch, W. 

Strother, Hon. P. W., Pearisburg, 

Stuart, Hon. Henry C, Elk Garden, 

Swem, Earl G., New York, N. T. 

Taliaferro, Mrs. Richard P., Ware 
Neck, Va. 

Tatum, Miss Edith, Greenville, Ala. 

Taylor, Dr. Fielding: L., New Tork, 
N. Y. 

Taylor, Jacquelln P., Richmond, Va. 

Taylor, John M., Richmond, Va. 

Taylor, Prof. T. U., Austin, Texas. 

Terhune, Mrs. E. T., New YorK, N. Y. 

Terrell, R. A., Bermlngham, Ala. 

Thach, Mrs. Charles C, Auburn, Ala. 

Thompson, J. Taylor, Farmville, Va. 

Thompson, Mrs. Wells, Houston, 

Thompson, Mrs. W. H., Lexington, 

Thornton, R. G. ; Richmond, Va. 

Throckmorton, C. Wickliffe, San An- 
tonio, Texas. 

Thruston, R. C, Ballard, Louisville, 

Tidball, Prof. Thomas A., Sewanee, 

Tiffany, Mrs. Louis McLane, Bal- 
timore, Md. 

Torrence, Rev. W. Clayton, Hern- 
don, Va. 

Traber , Mrs. Herman, Muskogee, 

Trant, Mrs. Robert L., Washington, 
D. C. 

Travers, S. W., Richmond, Va. 

Traylor, M. G., Princeton, N. J. 

Tuck, G. O., New York, N. Y. 

Tucker, Alfred E., Wimbledon, Lon- 
don, Eng. 

Tucker, H. St. George, Lox:ngton, 

Tucker, Lawrence F., Norfolk, Va. 
Tunstall, Robert B., Norfolk, Va. 
Turner, D. L., New York, N. Y. 
Tyler, D. Lyon G., Holdcraft, Va. 

Valentine, E. V., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, G. G., Richmond, Va. 
Valentine, M. S. ( Jr., Richmond Va. 
Vincent, George A., Fairmount, W. 

Waddell, Judge Edmund J., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Waggener, B. P., Atchison, Kan. 

Walker, G. A., Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Walker, Mrs. J. A., Brownwood, Tex. 

Walker, J. G., Richmond, Va. 

Walker, Norvell B., Rchmond, Va. 

Walker, Mrs. Stuart W., Martins- 
burg, W. Va. 

Waller, E. P., Schenectady, N. Y. 

Walling, Mrs. Willoughgy, Chicago, 

Walton, Capt. C. Cortlandt, Richmond, Va. 

Waterman, Edgar F., Hartford, 

Waters, J. S. T., Baltimore, Md. 

Watkins, R. Walter, Jr., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Wayland, Prof. J. W., Harrisonburg, 

Weddell, Alexander W., U. S. Consul 
General, Athens, Greece. 

Wellford, B. Rand, Richmnd, Va. 

Welles, Mrs. Paul T., New York, 
N. Y. 

West, Mrs. H. L., New York, N. Y. 

White, Rev. H. A., Columbia, S. C. 

White, J. B., Kansas City, Mo. 

White, Wm. H., Richmond, Va. 

Whitner, Charles F., Atlanta, Ga. 

Whitridge, Mrs. Wm. H., Baltimore, 

Whitty, J. H., Richmond, Va. 

Wight, Mrs. Agnes D.. Cockeysvllle, 

Willard, Mrs. Joseph E., American 
Embassy, Madrid, Spain. 

Williams, E. Randolph, Richmond, 

Williams, Mrs. F. L, Bristol, R. I. 



Williams, Langbourne M., Rich- 
mond, Va~ 

Wilson, Col. Eugene T., U. S. A. 

Winston, James O., Kinston, N. Y. 

Wise, Mrs. Barton H., Richmond. Va. 

Wise, Col. Jennings C, Richmond, 

Wise, John C, M. D., U. S. N., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Withers, Alfred D., Roane's, Va. 

Wise, Rear-Admiral Wm. C, U. S. N. 

Woodhull, Mrs. Oliver J., San Antonio, 

Wortham, Coleman, Richmond, Va. 

Wright, E. E., New Orleans, La. 
Wyatt, Wm. H., Jr., Richmond, Va. 
Wynn, Mrs. James O., Atlanta, Ga. 
Wysor, Harry R., Muncie, Ind. 

Yoakum, R. B., Levensworth, Kan. 
Young, Mrs. James, Baltimore, Md. 
Yonge, Samuel H., Richmond, Va. 
Young, Prof. Hugh H., Baltimore, 

Zimmer, W. L., Petersburg, Va. 

LIBRARIES — Annual Members 

Bangor Public Library, Bangor, 

Boston Public Library, "Boston, Mass. 

Brooklyn Public Library, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

Brown University Library, Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

California Society, S. A. R., Los An- 
geles, Cal. 

Carnegie Free Library, Alleghany, 

Carnegie Free Library, Nashville, 

Carnegie Library, Atlanta, Ga. 

Carnegie Library, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Carnegie Library, San Antonio, Tex. 

Chicago Public Library, Chicago, 111. 

Chicago University Library, Chicago, 

Cincinnati Public Library, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Public Library. 

Cocke Memorial Library, Hollins, 

Colonial Dames of State of New 
York, New York, N. Y. 

Cornell University Library, Ithaca, 
N. Y. 

Cossitt Library, Memphis, Tenn. 

Department of Archives and His- 
tory, Jackson, Miss. 

Detroit Public Library, Detroit, 

Fairbanks Memorial Library, Terre 
Haute, Ind. 

Georgetown University Library, 
Washington, D. C. 

Goodwin Institute Library, Mem- 
phis, Tenn. 

Grosvenor Pub. Library, Buffalo, N. 

Hampden-Sidney College Library, 
Hampden-Sidney, Va. 

Hampton N. and A. Institute Li- 
brary, Hampton, Va. 

Handley Library, Winchester, Va. 
Harvard University Library, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 

Illinois State Historical Library, 
Springfield, 111. 

Illinois Society S. A. R., Chicago, 111. 

Indiana State Library, Indianap- 
olis, Ind. 

Indianapolis Public Library, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

Iowa Historical Dept. of Des Moines, 

Kansas City Public Library, Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

Lawson McGhee Library, Knox- 

ville, Tenn. 
Lexington, Ky. Public Library. 



Library of Congress, Washington, 
D. C. 

Libraire C. Klincksieck, Paris, 

Long Island Historical Society Li- 
brary, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Los Angeles, Cal. Public Library. 

Louisville Free Public Library, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Lynn, Mass., Free Public Library. 

Pratt Free Library, Baltimore, Md. 
Princeton University Library, 
Princeton, N. J. 

Randolph-Macon College Library, 

Ashland, Va. 
Randolph-Macon Woman's College, 

College Park. Va, 

Maine State Library, Augusta, Me. 

Massachusetts State Library, Bos- 
ton, Mass. 

Mechanics Benevolent Association 
Library, Petersburg, Va. 

Michigan State Library, Lansing, 

Milwaukee Public Library, Milwau- 
kee, Wis. 

Minneapolis Athenaeum Library, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Southern Baptist Theological Sem- 
inary, Louisville, Ky. 

State Department Library, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Stanford University Library, Cal. 

St. Joseph, Mo., Public Library. 

St. Louis Mercantile Library, St. 
Louis, Mo. 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, 

Syracuse Public Library, Syracuse, 
N. Y. 

Nebraska University Library, Lin- 
coln, Neb. 

Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 

New Hampshire State Library, Con- 
cord, N. H. 

Norfolk Public Library, Norfolk, 

Northwestern University Library, 
Evanston, 111. 

Oberlin College Library, Oberlin, 

Omaha Public Library, Omaha, Neb. 
Ohio State Library, Columbus, Ohio. 

Parliament Library, Ottawa, Can. 

Peabody College for Teachers Li- 
brary, Nashville, Tenn. 

Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Ma. 

Pennsylvania State College, State 
College, Pa. 

Pennsylvania State Library, Har- 
risburg, Pa. 

Peoria Public Library, Peoria, 111. 

Pequot Library, Southport, Conn. 

Philadelphia Free Library, 13th and 
Locust streets, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philadelphia Law Association Li- 
brary, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Union Theological Seminary Li- 
brary, Richmond, Va. 

University Club LiPrary, New York, 
N. Y. 

University of California Library, 
Berkeley, Cal. 

University of Illinois Library, Ur- 
banna, 111. 

University of Indiana Library. 
Bloomington, Ind. 

University of Michigan Library, 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

University of Minnesota Library, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

University of North Carolina, Li- 
brary, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

University of Pennsylvania Library, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

University of Virginia Library, 
Charlottesville, Va. 

University of West Virginia Li- 
brary, Morgantown, W. Va. 

Vanderbilt University Library, 

Nashville, Tenn. 
Virginia State Library, Richmond, 

Virginia Military Institute Library, 

Lexington, Va. 


Virginia Polytechnic Institute Li- Wheeling Public Library, Wheeling, 
brary, Blacksburg, Va. W. Va. 

Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

West Virginia Department of Ar- 
chives and History, Charleston, Yale University Library, New 
W. Va. Haven, Conn. 

LIBRARIES— Life Members 

Boston Athenaeum Library, Bos- New York Public Library, New 
ton, Mass. York, N. Y. 

New York State Library, Albany, 
N. Y. 

California State library, Sacra- 
mento, Cal. Richmond College Library, Rich- 
Columbia College Library, New mond Va 
York, N. Y. 

Washington and Lee University 
Library Company, Philadelphia, Pa. Library, Lexington, Va, 

Mr. Reginald M. Glencross 

LONDON S. W. 19, ENG. 

Undertakes Pedigree Work and all 
kinds of Record Searching. 

In order to qualify himself for this profession Mr. 
Glencross studied History at Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, from 1896-9 to 1899, when he took Honours 
in the Historical Tripos and his B. A. degree. For 
three years, 1900-3, he was an Assistant Secretary at 
the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, where he had ex- 
perience in the practical side of historical research. 
In 1905 he passed the Law Tripos at Cambridge and 
took his LL B., and subsequently satisfied the Exam- 
iner in Palaeology and Diplomatic at the London 
School of Economics, being one of the four who did so. 

Fees — In Advance. 

For work in London, 1 guinea (about $5.00) per day. 
" outside " ^1: 1 5 (about $9.00) per day. 

Intending Clients should send full particulars of 
what they already know and a draft for a round sum 
at their own discretion. Mr. Glencross will report as 
soon as any thing relevant is found or, failing that, the 
money is exhausted. Any balance remaining in hand 
will be returned. 

If you have found your Emigrant Ancestor 
why be content to stop there? 



Virginia Historical Society 





ON APRIL 20, 1920 





Virginia Historical Society 


Annual Meeting held April 20, 1920 

The Annual meeting was held in the Society's House, 707 
East Franklin Street, on April 20, 1920, at 4 P. M., with Presi- 
dent W. Gordon McCabe in the chair. 

The first business of the meeting was the reading of Presi- 
dent McCabe's report. 

For the first time in many years, this report, always so 
full of information, of eloquence and of humor, cannot ap- 
pear. With both hearers and readers it had made a place 
for itself which was unique, and many who cared little for 
wholly historical work looked forward eagerly for its ap- 

At this meeting Captain McCabe read only the rough draft 
of parts of his report. He was so conscientious in his work 
that he would never complete the report until he had read and 
reread every page of the Magazine for the year. Delays in 
printing prevented him from ever seeing the complete Maga- 
zine, so his full report was never prepared. 

All that can now be done is for the editor of the Magazine 
to give in brief, dry form, data which our President would 
have made alive. 

Our membership on January 1, 1920 was 702, a loss of 
12 from the preceding year. In this connection the writer 
wishes to pay a hearty tribute to the loyalty of our members. 


In spite of long delays in the publication of the Magazine 
(due to causes beyond the power of the Executive Commit- 
tee to remedy) almost all of our members showed their de- 
votion to Virginia and Virginia history by refraining from 
criticism and by prompt payment of dues. 

Any general defection during this trying time would, at 
least, have caused the suspension of the Magazine. Condi- 
tions are now better; but we need a hundred or more new 
members to meet the enormously increased cost of printing. 

The President next read, as a part of his report, that of 
the Treasurer, which was as follows: 

Treasurer's Report. 

Balance in Bank November 30, 1918 $ 319.94 


Annual Dues $2,905.18 

Life Members 300.00 

Interest 790.10 

Sale of Magazines 126.50 

Sale of Publications 29.00 

From Savings Bank 133.34 4,284.12 

$ 4,604.06 


Salaries $1,408.00 

Wages 360.00 

Postage and Express 103.50 

Sundry Bills 157.62 

Books, Stationery and Binding 6.25 

Printing Magazines 1,340.53 

Insurance 22.50 

Repairs 523.16 

Job Printing 87.87 

Checks Returned 10.00 

To Permanent Fund 133.34 

Coal 41.25 

Interest .30 


Balance in Bank November 30, 1919 409.74 

$ 4,604.06 


Permanent Fund. 

34 shares of stock in the Citizens Bank of Norfolk, Va., 

estimated value $ 6,800.00 

Real estate (6%) mortgages, $1,000.00 $4,500.00 5,500.00 

U. S. Liberty Bonds (Zy 2 and 4%%) 1,600.00 

In Savings Bank 1,917.98 


In accordance with an order of the Executive Committee, the 
Treasurer presents the following tabulated statement showing the 
sources from which the Permanent Fund is derived. What is termed 
the "Society's Fund" comprises the amount the Committee has been 
able to save from year to year of the ordinary revenues of the 

The Virginia Sturdivant McCabe Fund, given by the 
President of the Society in loving memory of his 
granddaughter, Virginia Sturdivant McCabe, born 

February 1, 1906, died August 11, 1919 $ 500.00 

The Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne McCabe Fund, 
given by the President of the Society in loving mem- 
ory of his wife, Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne 

McCabe, who died November 22, 1912 500.00 

The Edmund Osborne McCabe Fund, established in lov- 
ing memory of Edmund Osborne McCabe (born Feb- 
ruary 29, 1868, died June 5, 1919), from a bequest left 
by his devoted mother, Jane Pleasants Harrison Os- 
borne McCabe 500.00 

Gift by a member of the Society 500.00 

Daughters of the American Revolution Fund 100.00 

Byam K. Stevens Fund 750.00 

Edward Wilson James Fund 5,567.22 

Society's Fund 7,400.00 


During the past year the Citizens Bank of Norfolk declared a 
stock dividend of one new share for three old. Under this dis- 
tribution the Society became entitled to 8 1/3 shares, and bought 
2/3 of a share, thus adding nine shares to our previous holdings 
in that stock . 

This is an increase of the Permanent Fund of $2,700.56 over last 
year. It has been necessary for the Society, in case of extensive 
repairs to the house costing more than could be paid of the 
current receipts, to have such repairs made out of the Permanent 


Fund. Last year it was necessary to spend $500.00 in making the 
janitor's quarters habitable. The Committee authorized the Cor- 
responding Secretary and Treasurer, if necessary to meet current 
expenses, to spend $500.00 from the amount in the Savings Bank. 
As we have not been able to issue, and consequently have not had 
to pay for, any magazines since last July, this money has not been 
called for, but it probably will be, so at present the net amount of 
the Permanent Fund, not already invested and available for invest- 
ment is $15,317.98. The Finance Committee is awaiting information 
in regard to certain rumored additions to the Fund, before making 
a new investment. 

If bookkeeping entries relating to the Permanent Fund are de- 
ducted it will be seen that the receipts during the last fiscal year 
were about $150.00 more than during the year before, and the ex- 
penditures, in spite of the great increase in prices, were $258.00 less. 
This is in part accounted for by the rigid economy practised and 
in part by the fact, before stated, that on account of printing 
troubles we have not been able to publish or pay for any magazines 
since July, 1919. The magazines are now under way and at an 
early date will call for considerable disbursements. 

The financial condition of the Society, when conditions are con- 
sidered, is very gratifying. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Additions to the Library. 

The additions to the Library in books and pamphlets in 
1919 number five hundred and sixty-five (565). 

The donors, to whom, as well as to others who have made 
presents to the Society, our grateful thanks are given, were: 
Armistead C. Gordon, Robert L. Preston, Prof. W. McNeile 
Dixon, W. A. Gordon, Jr., John T. Boddie, John C. Collins, 
O. W. Baylor, Richard C. Jones (Virginia State Forester), 
Major John D. Guthrie, U. S. A., Judge N. S. Barratt, Mrs. 
J. A. Johnston, Willis T. Hanson, Jr., Miss Catherine Evans, 
George Taylor Lee, Dr. J. F. Jameson, P. H. Baskervill, Dr. 
H. J. Eckenrode, E. A. Hankins, Philip T. Brown, G. C. 
Callahan, Miss Julia S. Wooldridge, Boutwell Dunlap, M. M. 
Haywood, Fairfax Harrison, W. Gordon McCabe, Mrs. W. 
Gordon McCabe, Richmond Chamber of Commerce, Library 


of Congress, Mass. Commission on Public Records, Illinois 
Centennial Commission, American Hellenic Society, U. S. 
War Department, Jewish War History Committee, Richmond 
Times-Dispatch, Virginia Bar Association, American Bar As- 
sociation, U. S. Council of National Defense, University of 
Illinois, Grand Lodge of Masons of Penna., University of 
Oklahoma, University of California, Smithsonian Institute. 


Three volumes, Blackstone's Commentaries, Oxford, 1770, 
with autographs of Francis Lightfoot Lee, and book stamp of 
Arthur Lee. Presented by Milo P. Smith, Cedar Rapids, 

Photograph of portrait of Washington by Stuart, now at 
West Point, N. Y. Presented by Major A. E. Potts, U. S. A. 

A package of manuscripts, clippings, etc. Presented by Miss 
L. Peyton, The Plains, Va. 

Photostat copies of the Virginia Quit Rent Rolls 1704 (the 
only one known to exist), 98 sheets. Presented by a member 
of the Society. 

A dressed wax doll and a dressed rag doll (in the costume of 
the period) over a hundred years old. Presented by Mrs. Wm. 
Wirt Henry, 812 Seminary Ave., Richmond, Va. 

A saucer formerly belonging to the Grymes family of Bran- 
don, Middlesex County, Va. Presented by C. C. Chowning, 
Urbana, Va. 

Framed photograph of Capt. Wilson Miles Cary (many of 
whose valuable papers are now in our collection). Presented 
by Fairfax Harrison, Belvoir, Va. 


The great delay in the publication of the Magazine was due 
entirely to the impossibility of having printing done. In each 
case the copy for the Magazine was placed in the hands of 
the printer (or printers, for we had more than one), in ample 
time, but in each case they were compelled to take months in 


completing work which ordinarily would have been done in a 
few weeks. Vol. XXVII of the Magazine was not completed 
during 1919, but now has been. A double number (July-Octo- 
ber, 1919) was published in 1920. We were not able to pub- 
lish the index for this volume until the April 1920 number, 
which was issued late in 1920. Conditions are now improving 
in regard to printing facilities but the cost of printing and 
paper has increased so greatly that it will be necessary for us 
to raise six or seven hundred dollars more than usual this 
year and next. 

The Executive Committee has decided not to raise the dues 
or materially reduce the size of the Magazine. To meet the 
need, an earnest effort will be made to obtain at least one hun- 
dred and twenty-five new members. All of our present mem- 
bers are asked to aid us. 

Our late President's report called particular attention to the 
departments of the Magazine entitled "Roll of Honor" and 
"War Notes". These began in July, 1918, and ended in July- 
October, 1 91 9. The first contains a list of Virginia's dead 
during the war, and the other an account of honors received, 
with personal notices, etc. During the period stated we print- 
ed, under these two heads, 217 pages. 



Mrs. William Liggon Corbin, Philadelphia, Pa. 

C Wiley Grandy, Norfolk, Va. 

Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, Pleasanton, California. 


Wilson Miles Cary, Baltimore, Md. 
General William R. Cox, Penelo, N. C. 
J. J. Doran, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hon. J. Taylor Ellyson, Richmond, Va. 
Rt. Rev. Robert A. Gibson, Richmond, Va. 


E. T. Lamb, Norfolk, Va. 
Mrs. James M. Lawton, New York, N. Y. 
C. M. McClung, Knoxville, Tenn. 
Capt. Thomas H. Raines, U. S. A. 
Douglas H. Thomas, Baltimore, Md. 
Richard B. Tunstall, Norfolk, Va. 
Benjamin B. Valentine, Richmond, Va. 

Whether we regard high character, distinguished service 
and devotion to the objects sought by this Society, or whether 
we count numbers lost from our roll of members, it can be 
said that rarely or never have we had a year with so much 
cause of sincere regret. 

At the close of President McCabe's report he stated that 
the election of officers and members of the Executive Com- 
mittee was next in order. 

On motion, a nominating committee was appointed. The 
committee retired and on its return recommended the fol- 
lowing gentlemen for election. The vote was taken and offi- 
cers and members of the Executive Committee, as follows, 
were elected : 

President — W. Gordon McCabe, Richmond. 

/ 'ice-Presidents — Edward V. Valentine, Richmond ; Lyon 
G. Tyler, Charles City County ; Philip A. Bruce, University. 

Recording Secretary — David C. Richardson, Richmond. 

Treasurer — Robert A. Lancaster, Jr., Richmond. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian — William G. Stan- 
ard, Richmond. 

Executive Committee — Charles V. Meredith, Richmond; 
Armistead C. Gordon, Staunton; S. A. Longe, Norfolk; 
Daniel Grinnan, Richmond ; William A. Anderson, Lexing- 


ton; Fairfax Harrison, Fauquier County; J. Stewart Bryan, 
Richmond ; S. S. P. Patteson, Richmond ; William H. Palmer, 
Richmond; John P. McGuire, Richmond; Morgan P. Rob- 
inson, Richmond ; J. Jordan Leake, Richmond. 

After the election of members there was an informal dis- 
cussion of various subjects of interest to the Society, and 
then on motion, the meeting adjourned. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVIII. April, 1920. No. 2. 



(From the originals in the Library of Congress.) 


A Court held at James Citye the 7 th day of May 1627, being 
present : 

Sir George Yeardley, Knt. &c., Doctor Pott & Capt. Roger 

Whereas it appeareth upon the compl't of Ensigne John Uty, 
by the oaths of John Day(l) & Francis Banks, that Richard 
Bickley hath resisted & opposed him in his com'and, in denying 
to take armes & discharge his publick duty, the Court hath 
ordered that for this his offence he shalbe layed neck & heeles 
12 howers & at the Croppe by way of fyne shall pay 200 lbs. of 

(1) John Utie, afterwards member of the Council, has been frequently 
noticed in this Magazine. At the Census of 1624-5, John Day, aged 24, 
who came in the London Merchant, 1620, and his wife who came in the' 
same ship, were among Sir George Yeardley's "men" at Hog Island. 
Francis Banks, who came in the Gift, 1623, was one of Edward Bennett's 
servants at Wariscoyack in 1624. Richard Bickley who had come in the. 
Return, was a servant of John Utie at Hog Island. 


It is ordered at this court that, in regard Roger Dilk (by his 
owne confession) hath absented himself from his plantation 
without the knowledge or leave of his com'ander, contrary t« 
an order of Court, for the space of 8 dayes compleat, that he 
shall pay (according to that order of court, viz : 25 1. of tobacco 
for every 24 howers absence) the some of 200 li. of tobacco. 

A Court held the 21 of May 1627, being p'sent Sir George 
Yeardley Knt. &c, Dr. Pott & Capt. Roger Smith. 
At this Court was delivered in the last will & testament of 
Thomas Grub (2), deceased, & proved to be the true will of the 
said Thomas Grub by the testamonye upon oath of Daniell 
Lacy, & that the said Thomas Grub was in p'fect sense & 
memorye at the sealing 8c deliverye herof. 
It is ordered upo' complaint & informacon made by Ensigne 
John Utye, of the drunkeness & other misdemeanors of Roger 
Webster(3), that for his fault he shall pay by way of fyne 20 li. 
of tobacco & put in bond of 300 li. to keepe the good behaviour 
8c to make his appearance at the next quarter court. 
It is ordered that wheras it appeares by a bill under the hand 
& seale of Thomas Mahew (4) for five pounds sterling to be paid 
unto John Orchard, in com'odityes as they cost in England the 
first peny, bearing date the ninth of May one thousand six 
hundred and twenty-sixe, that out of the goods of Thomas 
Mahew the said debt of five pounds shalbe presently paid (in 
whose hands soever they remaine) unto the said John Orchard. 

Upon the peticon of Bridges 8c F reeman James Sleight th is 
court doth give them free leave to remove themselves & their 
goods from Martin Brandon unto some place or plantacon, 
where they may live more secured. 

(2 Thomas Grubb, a joiner, came in the George and lived at Hog 
Island 1624-5. 

(3) Roger Webster in 1624-5 lived at Hog Island. In 1632 he was a 
member of the House of Burgesses for the Glebe Land and Archer's Hope. 

(4) A "Mr. Thomas Mahew, gentleman," had in 1637 a commission 
to examine persons leaving England for foreign parts (Hotten). 


A Court held the 25 th of June, 1627, present: 
Sir George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c 
Capt. Smith 
Mr. Claybourne. 
Wheras Capt. John Martin appeared at this Court to answere 
unto ye suite of Tho. Gates(5) in the sume of eight hundred 
waight of tobacco being due by a bond under his hand bearing 
date the one & twentiethe day of Aprill 1626, the w'ch bond was 
acknowledged by the said Capt. Martin to be his owne deed 
and act under his owne hand. It is ordered that Mr Richard 
Kingsmell, Mr. John Southerne & Randall Small wood Provost 
Marshall Shall praise the goods & Chattells of the said Capt. 
Martin uppon their oathes that soe paim't may be made unto ye 
said Thomas Gates of the debt aforesaid. 

Wheras Wil'm Barnes & Robert Paramore(6) did on Thursday 
last behave themselves very negligently on their watch, it is 
therefore ordered that they shall pay three dayes worke a peice 
in cutting downe & clearing of such shrubbs & low woodes as 
are before the towne in the feildes. And likewise that Good- 
man Osborne for the like offence doe give on(e) dayes worke. 

James Citty. A Quarter Court held the 2nd day of July 
1627, being present 

Sir George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c 
Capt. West, Mr Persey 
Mr. Doctor Pott, Mr Secretary 
Capt. Smyth, Capt Tucker 
Capt. Mathewes, Mr ffarrar 

The 3 th of July 1627 

(5) Thomas Gates, who came in the Swan, 1609 and his wife Eliza- 
beth, who came in the Warwick, 1620, lived in 1624-5 at Pace's Paines, 
opposite Jamestown. 

(6) Robert Parramore, who came in the Swan, was in 1624-5, resident 
at "Pashbehayes and the Main" near Jamestown. The appearance of 
the land where these careless sentinels were stationed, is still familiar. 
It was either an "old field,' once cultivated; but now grown up in shrubs, 
or else it was a tract of woodland from which all the trees had been cut 
and only undergrowth left. In either case it seems strange that there 
should have been uncultivated land close to the little palisaded "town". 
It is possible that the land to be cleared lay across Pitch and Tar Swamp, 
and did not immediately adjoin the town. "Goodman Osborne," was 
John Osborne who, with his wife Mary, was living on James City Island 
in 1621-5. 


It is ordered that Capt. Martin shall have three dayes time to 
sell his goods w'ch are allready prised, that he may make satis- 
faction unto Tho. Gates of the 'debt of 800 li. of Tobacco w'ch 
he owethunto the said Gates, if not, that the said Gates be 
satisfyed by ye sayd goods as they are allready prised. 
It is ordered that Alice Thornberry for her offence in fighting 
with Ann Snoode & beating her, whereby just suspision may be 
had that shee did miscarry a child in the wombe of ye said Anne 
Snoode & caused abortion, shall receave forty stripes at the 
whipping post. And that the said Alice Thornbury & Anne 
Snoode, if they shall brake their good behavior, shall ["& uppon 
verdict therof" — erased] be whipt three several times' in three 

At this Court Mrs. Alice Proctor (7) brought in the Inventory 
of all the goods of her husband Mr John Proctor, deceased, & 
delivered in the same uppon her oath, & desired a letter of 
Administration to [be] given unto her, w'ch was accordingly 

At this Court Capt. Mathewes did testify on the behalf of Mrs. 
Alice Procter that Dericke the Dutch Caprenter did proffer to 
make the one halfe of satisfaction for a wherry or such boate 
belonging to Mr John Procter, deceased, being left by one 
Garret — & the said Derricke according to the rate that had 
before been proffered to the said John Procter by others for ye 

At this Court there was order given that a letter of Administra- 
tion should be graunted unto Capt. Samuel! Mathewes uppon 
ye Estat of Robert Lapworth (8) who lately died intestate or 
w'tSiout any disposall of his Estate. 
It is ordered that Margaret Partin (9) the wife of Robert 

(7) For John Procter and Alice his wife, see this Magazine XIT, 90-92. 

(8) Robert Lapworth, who came in the Abigail, lived at the College 
Land 1624-5. 

(9) In 1624-5 "The Muster of Robert Partin" at West and Shirley 
Hundred, included himself, aged 36, who came in the Blessing, 1609, 
Margaret his wife, aged 36, who came in the George in 1617, and their 
three children, Robert, aged 4 months; Rebecca aged 2 years, and Avis, 
aged 5 years. Thomas Hale, one of their servants, was 20 years old and 
had come in the George, in October 1623. It would seem that the Partins 
were old planters of respectabilit}' and good-standing, and it is hard to 
understand, no matter what Hale's crime was, that the mother of three 
small children should receive such punishment. 


Partin of Sherly Hundred for concealing the offence of Thomas 
Hayle lately executed, & for because she revealed not the same 
when it first came to her knowledge but did ernestly w'thstand 
that it should any wayes be made knowne, shall be whippd & 
receave fortye strypes 

ffinis Curiae 

A Court at James Citty the 4 th day of July 1627, being pres- 

S'r (George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c 
Capt. ffr. West, Mr Persey 
Dr Pott, Mr Claybourne 
Capt. Smyth, Capt. Tucker 
Capt. Mathewes, Mr ffarrar 

Bridges Freeman & James Sleig-ht sworne & examined say that 
Capt. Martin by worde of mouth, did lease unto them some 
ground to plant at Martin Brandon & that they did covenant 
to pay him ye rent of two capons or two pulets & were to hold 
the same untill Christmas next. 

At this Court Lt. Giles Allington delivered in uppon his oath 
an Inventorie of all the estate of Caleb Page deceased. 
At this Court it was thought fitt that we should draw out 
partyes fro' all our plantations & goe uppon the Indians(lO) & 

(10) This campaign against the Indian? (whk;h it may be noted was 
ordered on a Fourth of July) was one of a series carried on annually for 
several years after the great Indian Massacre of 1622, which resulted 
in breaking for a time, the power of the Eastern Virginia Indians. Not- 
ices uf these annual attacks are in this Magazine XIX, 116, 117, 119, 120, 
122, 123. The plan of the campaign was as follows: the people of the 
College Land, (which included Farrar's Island, then a peninsula, but now 
really an island through the cutting of the Dutch Gap Canal,) and some 
adjacent territory in the present Henrico County, and also, probably 
Coxendale, and other places nearby in the present Chesterfield: and Neck 
of Land (the present Jones' Neck, on the south side of the river, not far 
below Dutch Gap) were to attack Taux (or Little) Powhatan, about the 
present site of Richmond. The commanders were Thomas Osborne, 
ancestor of the family long resident at Osborne's, Chesterfield county, 
and Thomas Harris, also ancestor of a large family in Chesterfield, 
Henrico, Cumberland, Richmond City, &c 

Next below, Shirley in Charles City County, Persey's Hundred (now 
Flower de Hundred), Jordan's Journey (now Jordan's Point) and Chap- 
lain's Choice, all three in the present Prince George, were to attack the 
Appomattox Indians, living on or near the river of that name and the 
Weyanokes, living in the present Prince George County. The com- 


cutt downe their corne, and further that we should sett uppon 
them all in one day viz., the first of August next. The planta- 
tions of the Necke of land & the Colledge to goe uppon the 
Tanx Powhatans both the Shirley-Hundred, Jourdaines Jour- 
ney, Chaplaine's Choise & Persey's Hundred uppon the Townes 
of ye WHanoacks & ye Appomatucks, The Corporation of James 
Citty uppon ye Chicahominies & the Tappahannocs. War- 
wicke-River, Warrisquoiacke & Newport-Newse uppon the 
plantation of the Nansamundes Chesapeiacks. Commanders 
appointed for these services are these, viz: for Tanx Powhatan, 
Le£t Thomas Osborne in chiefe, Tho: Harris seconde. ffor 
Appomattuckes & ye Weianokes, Ensigne Epes & Mr Pawlet & 
to make choise of their seconds, ffor the Chicahominies Cant. 
Peirce in chiefe, Mr Harwood seconde. ffor the Tappahannas 
Capt West in chiefe, Mr Grendon seconde. ffor the Warisquoy- 
acks Capt Mathewes. ffor the Nansamunds, Lt. Tho: Purfury 
ffor the Chesapeake Ensigne Willoby. 

manders of this division were Francis Epes or Eppes, afterwards of the 
Council (some of whose numerous descendants still own land patented by 
him), and Thomas Pawlett, a great grandson of the first Marquis of 
Winchester, who was also later in the Council and was the first owner of 

The people of the Corporation of James City, which included Jamestown 
as its environs on the north side of the river and various settlements 
opposite on the south side, were to attack the Chickahominies (whose 
residence is indicated by their name) and the Tappahannas, living en the 
borders of the present Prince George and Surry. The commanders of 
this detachment were William Pierce (later a councillor, and the hus- 
band of John Rolfe's widow) and Thomas Haiwood, later of Warwick 
County, where descendants cf his name still live. The Commanders 
against the Tappahannas were Francis West, formerly Governor, a 
brother of Lord Delaware, and Edward Grindon. 

Warwick River, on the north side of the James, and Newport News 
on the same side at its mouth, together with Warrisqvoiacke, (around 
Pagan Creek, and the present Smithfield, Isle of Wight County), were to 
attack the Nansemonds, in the river bearing their name, aud the Chesa- 
peakes, whose land lay between theNansemond and the ocean. The com- 
manders here were Thomas Purefoy, later of Elizabeth City County, and 
Thomas Willoughby, later of Lower Norfolk County, whose family gave 
the name to the well-known Willoughby Spit. Each of these men were 
later members of the Council, and each has many descendants. 
Samuel Matthews, afterwards Governor, commanded against the Nan- 
semonds. Lt Peppet, in his ship, was to lie off the present West Point 
at the head of York River and make a feint against the formidable 


And further it is thought expedient that Left. Peppet doe goe 
in ye good shipp called the [Arke"-erased] Virgin into Pamunkey 
River & ride to put the Indians in expectation of our coming 
thither, whilst the aforesaid business is in doeing. 

It is alsoe thought fitt that about the beginning of October 
next there be a sufficient number of men drawne out fro' all the 
plantations of the Colony to goe to Pamunkey or any other 
parts to take & spoile as much corneas they shall light on, & 
to doe what other hurt & damadge to the Indians that they 

5 th of July 1627 
At this Court Mrs. Jane Martian(ll) ["Bartley "-erased] de- 
livered in an Inventory of the Estate of Left Edward Bartley, 
deceased, uppon her oath. 

The 21 th of July 1627 
John.Passeman sworne & examined sayth that the will of Hugh 
Hilton(12) dated the 3 th day of April 1627, was the true will of 
the sayd Hugh Hilton and that he was in perfect sense & mem- 
orie at the making & the deliverie thereof. 

A Court at James Citty the 13 th of August 1627, present: 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Go. 
Capt. West, Capt. Mathewes 
Doctor Pott, Mr Claybourne 
Capt Smyth. 

Wheras Alexander George, marchant, late deceased, did as it 
seemeth by a certain will enclosed Sc sealed up in a sheete of 
paper & left amongst his wrightings, appoint Mr Thomas 
Harwood & Mr Will'm Perry to be overseers of his said will & 
to take his estate unto their hands, the court hereuppon hath 
thought fitt, that accordingly the sayd Thomas Harwood & 

(11) Lt. Edward Berkeley, who lived at Hog Island, was son of Sir 
Maurice Berkeley, and grandson of John Berkeley, formerly of Bever- 
stone Castle, Gloucestershire, who came to Virginia in 1621 to lake charge 
•f the iron- works and was killed by tRe Indians in 1022. It has been 
known that Mrs. Jane Berkeley married, secondly, Capt. Nicholas 
Martian, afterwards of York Count}', but not that it was so soon as to be 
before the presentation of first husband's inventory. This use, however, 
of funeral baked meats, for a new wedding was common in the colonies. 

(12) Hugh Hilton, aged 36 years in 1624-5, who had come in the 
Edwin, May 1619, lived at the Neck of Land in Charles City, 1624-5. 


Will'm Perry doe take charge of all the whole estate of the sayd 
Alexander George & doe give in securitie to be accomptab e for 
what they shall receave. 

Wheras John Hayes, Marchant, deceased about the end of May 
last, w'thout making any will or Testam't, or any other way 
disposing of his estate soe as the same remaineth uncertaine & 
not directly disposed of to any. The Court considering that 
the said John Hayes addressed himseife & remained w'th Capt 
ffrancis West, hath thereuppon thought fitt to graunt the ad- 
ministration of the said estate unto ye said Capt. West, re- 
quiring that he doe give a sufficient bond to save the Court 
harme & as soone as may be to bring in a p'fect inventory of 
ye same. 

A Court at James Citty 27 th August, 1627, present: 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Go. &c 

Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Mr. Claybourne 
It is ordered that Robert Wright (13) sha 1 have 12 acres of land 
in the Hand of James Citty at ye place called the Labour in 
vaine, & that he have a Patent therof graunted unto him as a 
part of his divident due unto him for his personal adventure. 
Wheras one John Croodeike, mariner, was in March last past 
unfortunately cast away in a bark about Newports Newes, & 
dyeing intestate & haveing divers debts of tobacco due unto 
[him] w'thin this Country, the Court hath ordered that Randall 
Smallwood shall have a Com'ission of Administration uppon ye 
sayd estate graunted unto him, & to ye [be?] accountable for 
ye same unto the widow of the said John Crookdeike in England 
or to any other to whom it may belonge 

James Citty a Court the 3 th of September 1627, present: 
S'r George Yeard ey, Knt., Governor &c 

Doctor Pott 

Mr Secretarie 
Whe ras Philemon Powell, marchant, dceased about the be- 

(13) At the Census of 1624-5, Robert Wright, aged 45, who had come 
in the Swan, 1608, Joane Wright, and two children born in Virginia, lived 
at Eli abethCity. 


ginning of July last past, dying inestate w'thout any disposal 
of his goods in certaintie [?] haveing divers debts due unto 
him, the Court hath thought fitt to graunt ye Administration 
of his estate Unto Edward Sharples(14), being the brother of 
one John Sharpies in England who adventured the merchandize 
& wares that ye said Philemon Powell brought over into the 
country as is uppon good information very probably cone uded 

A Court at James City the 17 th of Septmb. 1627, present: 
S'r George Yeardley, knt., Go. &c 

Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Mr Secretary 
Edward Albourne of Shirley hundred sworne & examined sayth, 
that about the three Sc twentieth of June last in the morning 
John Throgmorton(15) being that morning near unto the 
woods [was] wounded and shott in ye body by th' Indians & 
afterwards brought into the house, being yet liveing & in per- 
fect memorie, called for Henry Throgmorton his Cosen & tooke 
him by the hand & sayd Cozin I make you a freeman & all that 
I have is yours, but the halfe of the house & ground is Edward 
Albornes and afterwards, about half an hour, being desired to 
make his will more perfecter, he sayd he gave unto ye wife of 
Oliver Jenkins the service of his negar for a yere. Amd further 
he gave unto his two servants William Edes & Thomas Stent 
two yeares a peice of their time, And to ye old Cooper Richard 

(14) Edward Sharpless, the Clerk of the Council, who was sentenced 
by the Va. Assembly to have his ears cut off for betraying the secrets of 
that body was living at Jamestown in 1623; but does not appear in the 
census of 1624-5. It is stated that only a piece of one ear was actually cut. 

(15) At the Census of 1624-5 the muster of John Throgmorton, or Throck- 
morton, at West and Shirley Hundred, included himself aged 24, who had 
come in the William & Thomas, 1618; Chayne [Cheyney] Boyse, aged 26 
years, who had come in the George in May 1617, and three servants. 
Henry Throckmorton apparently came later than 1624. Edward Alborn 
was living at Flowerdieu Hundred, 1623, but does not appear in the Census 
of 1624-5. It is probable that these Throckmortons were of the Glou- 
cestershire branch of the family, for Berkeley Hundred near Shirley, 
had been granted to a company of closely related Gloucestershire men; 
Sir William Throckmorton, Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, and John 
Smith, of Niblev, and a number of their friends and relatives came over. 


Andrews he gave after this year all his part & share of the said 
Richard Andrews his services. And this deponent can say no 
more in this matter. 

Ensigne ffrancis Epes sworne & examined sayth that being 
present w'th the above named John Throgmorton a little before 
his death, he, this deponent, desiring him to settle his estate & 
make a will he answered that for my estate I have allreadie 
disposed of it unto my kinsman Henrye Throgmorton. 
James Citty 10 th of Septem. 1627, present 
S'r George Yeardley, knt., Go. &c 

Capt. West 

Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth 

Mr Secretarie 

It is ordered that Mr Doctor Pott shall have the ground lyeing 
behind his house in James Citty together w'th the swamps & 
fower acres on the other side of the same added & joyned unto 
his former Patent of 3 acres, w'ch in all amounts unto 12 acres, 
& to have a patent for ye same, the totall being twelve acres, as 
part of his own personall divident 

It is likewise ordered that Mrs Southey(16) shall have a parcel 
of ground graunted unto her child Henry Southey, the son of 
Henry Southey, deceased, who came over in ye Southampton 
1622, in the garden near to James Citty adjoyning unto Mr 
Buck's house 

Heruppon it is ordered that Mr Henry Throgmorton above 
sayd shall have a Com'ission for the Administration on all the 
estate of the above sayd John Throgmorton graunted unto 
him. And bring in an Inventor ie of all the sayd estate at the 
next quarter Court & then give in bond to secure ye Court 

The business of Christopher Hall's wife & Wm. Harmms 
fighting, beating & scolding. 

(16) Mrs. Southey, was widow of Henry Southey, Esq., of Rimpton 
Somerletshire, who died soon after coming to Virginia. 

Top — Archer's Hope Creek near its mouth. 

Bottom— Confederate earthworks near Archer's Hope Creek, James River in background. 


Divers examinations being taken and heard concerning the 
unquiett life w'ch they the people of Archers Hope(17) had 
through the scoldings railings & fallings out w'th Amy the wife 
of Christopher Hall & other abominable contentions lyeing be- 
tweene them to the dishonor of God & the breach of the King's 
peace, the Court hath theruppon ordered that the said Amy 
shalbe toughed [towed] round aboard the Margaret & John & 
ducked three times & further that Christopher Hall, John 
Upton, Robert Hutt, & Will'm Harmm & Amy the wife of the 
said Christopher Hall & Anne the wife of ye said Robert Hitt 
shalbe all bound unto their good behaviour & to appear at ye 
Quarter Court after Christmas. 

The will of John Cramnidge brought unto ye Court by Serg. 
Thomas Crumpe(18). 

Elmer Philips & George Saunders sworne & examined doe 
testifie that the will of John Crannidge brought into ye Court 
was ye will of ye said John Crannidge & that he was in perfect 
sence & memory at ye making therof . 

James Citty, the 8 th of October 1627. At ye Court were 
present : 

Quarter Court] S'r George Yeardley, Knt. , Go. &c 
Capt. ffr. West, Doctor Pott 
Capt. Smyth, Mr Secretarie 
It is ordered that Roger Marshall shall have a lease graunted 
unto him for the terme of ten yeares, of that parcell of land 
now by him possessed in James Citty Hand containing about 
eight acres & abutting betweene the lands of Mary Baulie & 
Thomas Passmore. 

(17) One who has seen the quiet pine groves and the fields lying on 
each side of the mouth of Archer's Hope Creek (which takes its rise near 
Williamsburg and flows into the James), finds it hard to conceive of it 
as a place where neighbors quarrelled and fought. The little settlement 
here long-ago disappeared. Archer's Hope was first selected as the place 
for the first settlement; but the water in front was too shoal. The bluff 
between the river and the creek was fortified by the Confederates and the 
remains of earthworks are still there. In 1876 a large gun lay close to 
the edge of the bluff. 

(17) For Sergeant Thomas Crump, see this Magazine IV, 75. 


A Court at James Citty the 9 th of October 1627, present: 
S'r George Yeardley, knt., Governor &c 

Capt. West, Doctor Pott 

Capt. Smyth, Mr Persey 

Mr Secretary, Mr Farrar 

Capt. Tucker 
At this Court Will'm Andrewes of Accomack made petition to 
have one hundred acres of land granted unto him, abutting 
uppon ye land of Capt. Wilcox's at ye old Plantation Creeke 
the w'ch the Court hath condescened unto; provided that he 
prove that the said hundred acres to be by some meanes due 
unto him. 

Uppon the ernest request of George Graves, it is ordered that 
he shall have a peice of ground in the Governor's garden behind 
his house there built, granted unto him. 

At this Court Mr Henry Throgmorton delivered in uppon his 
oath an Inventory of ye estate of John Throgmorton, deceased. 

(To be Continued) 



(From the originals in the Virginia State Library.) 

Col. William Davies(I) to William Preston. 

ar Office, Richmond, July 15,-81. 


Agreeably to the mode of issueing military orders from gov- 
ernent, as directed by the last session of assembly, I have the 
honor to inform you that from the present situation of affairs to 
the Southward, it is judged necessary that you immediately 
put into motion one seventh part of your militia, properly 
officered, armed and equipt, and direct them by the nearest 
rout to join the army under General Greene. The present 
period is a time of exertion, and as the British are putting forth 
their whole power to have the appearance of, large possessions 
and great conquests in this country, against the approaching 
conference for a peace, there cannot be a doubt of the same 
animation in our parts to confine their pretensions to very 
narrow limits. 

I beg the favor of a return of the strength of your militia, 
and of the cloathing collected , which I request may be put into 
the hands of the nearest quartermaster who will forward them — 

I have the honor to be very respectfully, Sir, your most 
obedient Servant 

William Davies 

[Addressed] Montgomery [Co.] 

(1) Col. William Davies was the head of the State Board of Was. 

110 virginia historical magazine 

Letter from Col. William Davies. 

War Office, July 17 th 1781 

I had the honor to communicate to you two days ago an order 
from the Executive requiring that one seventh part of your 
militia should be put in motion to proceed to the support of 
General Greene. Since that time government have judged it 
expedient to enlarge the number called for. I have it therefore 
in command from his Excellency the Governor in council to re- 
quire from your county one fourth part of the militia properly 
officered, armed and equipt to march to join the Southern army, 
and to serve their tours of two months, to be computed from the 
time of their joining it. 

Government makes these calls with great reluctance, but the 
importance of the occasion and the consequences which may 
attend at the negociations for peace, should stimulate to every 
exertion. The men destined for the Southward are not to wait 
till the previous return of those with the Marquis, who will be. 
discharged without a relief as soon as their two months are out 
The Law, I understand, has, by an act of the last session made 
a difference between the pay of those serving in the State and 
those that march out of it ; the former being paid from the time 
of joining the Army only, but the latter from the time their 
march begins. I hope this will be some encouragement — 

I have the honor to be with great respect 
Your most humble Serv* 

William Davies 
(Address) Montgomery, formerly Fincastle 
[Endorsement] Col'o Davies Letter 
July 1781 

Governor Nelson to William Preston. 
Richmond 19 th July 1781 

The great superiority of the enemy to the Southward making 
it necessary to send a Reinforcement to Gen. Greene; Col. 


Davies the commissioner of the War Office has orders from the 
Executive to write to the Lieutenants of the different counties 
that are to send the Reinforcement. I cannot however forbear 
requesting that you will interest yourself in a very particular 
manner with the Militia of your County whose tour it may be 
to go on this service — Vigorous exertions this campaign will 
ensure to America what she has been contending for. Our affairs 
in that quarter look with a pleasing aspect. General Greene 
has nearly recovered the Southern States, and only wants 
proper support to finish the campaign with that glory which 
his extraordinary Conduct & unparell'd perseverance merit. 

I am Sir 

Y r Mo Ob Ser* 

Thos. Nelson Jr. 
Montgomery — 

Governor Nelson's Letter 
19 July 1781 

Col. Davies to Col. Preston. 

War Office July 29, 1781 

The present situation of the six months men is a matter of 
serious moment to the public interest, and has a direct tendency 
totally to destroy, on the part of the militia, all opposition 
against the ravages of a cruel enemy who avail themselves of 
every neglect of ours to accomplish the subjugation of this 
country. The mode of punishment directed by law for de- 
linquencies is undoubtedly a wise one, and is calculated as much 
for the immediate defence and benefit of the State as for the 
reformation of the culprits themselves. From a fatal mis- 
management in some counties however, it has a directly con- 
trary effect, and instead of adding to our military force, actually 
weakens it and proves rather an exemption from duty alto- 
gether than an obligation to render longer service. 

It is difficult to account upon what principle this mischief has 
been tolerated; it will be ruinous however, if not immediately 


checked. When a delinquent is condemned to be a six months 
soldier, he is struck off the militia roll; nobody takes the trouble 
or thinks it his duty to deliver him to the army; neither Gov- 
ernment nor the army know anything of him or of his con- 
demnation, and thus he continues, contrary to every kind of 
justice, in quiet repose at home, and not only contributes 
nothing towards the defence of the country, but does essential 
injury to it, by his example, his conversation, and the toleration 
he receives. It is the wish of Government, therefore, that an 
immediate return be made to this office of all your delinquents, 
and that you employ a sufficient number of your militia for the 
express purpose of apprehending them, that an end, if possible, 
may be had to such unjust and dangerous indulgencies. By a 
law of the last session of assembly any persons apprehending 
a Deserter and producing a receipt from a field officer of the 
line of service to which the Deserter belongs, whether continent- 
al state or militia, is intitled to an exemption from a tour of 
militia duty. I hope this will be some encouragement. Posts 
are established at New London and Staunton where they will 
be received and incorporated by proper officers 

I am, your most humble Serv* 

William Davies 

Col'o Davies, July 1781 with form of Returns 

Benjamin Harrison to William Preston. 

In Council, July 23 d , 17 ( 82. 

I thank you for the trouble you have taken in calling to- 
gether the Officers of your County and Washington and regu- 
lating the militia ordered for their defence. The plan is ap- 
proved & I hope will answer my expectation & keep the Coun- 
ties force from the inroads of the Indians. 

It is some surprise to me that Col'o Campbell should object 
to the militia of both Counties being under your command, the 
proposal came from himself that the person should command 


but nothing less than his being the man would content him. I 
shall write to him directing him to conform to the arrangement. 
I am 

Your most obedient 
Humble Servant 
Benj. Harrison 
Col'o William Preston 
[Address] On public service — Colo. William Preston 

Benj. Harrison Montgomery 

[Endorsement] Order of Council 23 July 1782 


William Davies to William Preston. 
War Office Aug* 1 st 1781 

From the movements of the enemy which have taken place 
since I had the honor to communicate to you the orders of the 
Executive of the last month, it has become expedient to sus- 
pend the execution of them, so far as relates to the march of 
your militia to the aid of General Greene. It is, however, nec- 
essary that your militia hold themselves in constant readiness 
to move on the shortest notice when called for. In the mean- 
time, it is not expected you will send any relief to the army 
under the Marquis, as those who are now with him will be dis- 
charged of course, when their times are out. 

I must beg your assistance to have the arms and accoutre- 
ments of your County put in the best order, and that you will 
be kind enough to make an exact return, agreeably to the en- 
closed form. 

I have the honor to be 

Your most obed. Serv* 

William Davies 

[Endorsement] Col'o Davies Letter Aug. 1-1781 demands re- 

114 virginia historical magazine 

William Preston to Governor Harrison. 

Montgomery March 15 th 1782 

A Letter from Col. Davies Commissioner of the War Office 
dated the 30 th of Jan'y last came to hand about the 15 th of 
Feb'y making a Requisition of the men raised in this County 
under an act of assembly passed in Oct r 1780 for raising this 
States Quota of Troops to serve in the Continental Army. In 
April 1781 I had the County laid off into Districts agreeable 
to that Law & by the first of August the Thirty Eight men 
called fore from this County were either Recruited or draughted. 
The Commissioners of the Law not having money to pay the 
Bounty, the Recruits got Furloughs and the Execution of the 
Act being suspended the Business remained so untill the Rec* 
of the above Letter. As many as had not deserted were called 
together, but as they had not rec d d their Bounty I could not 
have them marched. I then moved the Court in presence of 
two of the Commissioners, to levey a sum in specie for that 
Purpose but the motion was rejected as you will see by the en- 
closed copy. The Recruits got Furloughs a second time untill 
I can resceive your Excellency's Instructions herein, which I 
earnestly beg, as I am altogether at a loss what further steps to 
take in this matter. I have with much trouble and fatigue 
endeavour'd to carry this act into Execution and I am appre- 
hensive to little purpose as there is reason to doubt that most 
of the men will desert before anything effectual can be done. 

I would beg leave to lay before your Excellency a Recom- 
mendation of field officers in one of the Battalions, which was 
occasioned by the Resignation of Coll. Ingles whose Infirmities 
prevented him from serving longer. — I would also entreat 
your Excellency and the Hon'ble the Council to take into con- 
sideration the recommendation of proper Persons to be added 
to the Commission of the Peace. Such an addition will be 
extremely useful for keeping good order in this frontier county 
to which many disorderly People Resort from different parts of 
this State as well as the Southern States. 


I would be much obliged to your Excellency to direct the 
Comm r of the War Office to supply me with twenty blank 
Commissions for Militia Officers, as those he sent me in Jan'y 
are mostly given out. 

I am your Excellency's most Obed* & very h'ble Serv* 

Wm. Preston 
[Address] Public Service to His Excellency 

Benjamin Harrison — Governor of Virginia 
[Endorsement] Copy of a Letter to the Gov r March 15 th 1782 

Col. Davies to Col. Preston. 

Colonel William Preston, 
County Lieutenant 
War Office- 
Sir War Office Apr: 5. 1782 

Came to hand the 25 th 

Yours of the 15 th of last month was sent to this office by his 
Excellency the Governor. Notwithstanding the frequent appli- 
cations which have been made to various parts of the country 
for information how far the draft law had been executed; yet 
we were frequently unable to get the necessary intelligence, 
from the miscarriage of letters and other accidents. I never 
knew your county had drafted, till I saw your letter to the 
Governor, and we must delay the matter till the Assembly 
meets, unless, indeed, the men are willing to join the array 
and wait till we can send the money to them, ascertained ac- 
cording to the seale of depreciation. 

. I have never yet been favoured with a return of the cloathing 
from your county. I wish some method could be devised to 
forward them to New London safely packed up and directed 
to the care of M r Harry Innis. 

I have filled up the blank commissions for your field officers. 
If I can get any more properly authenticated before Mr. 


Latham gets off I will send them, tho' the number constantly- 
called for thro' the country would really astonish you: one 
would think the officers were all deserting the Service of their 
country, or that an uncommon mortality raged among them. 
I have the honor to be with 
sincere respect 
Your most humble fierv* 
William Davies 
[Address] Colonel William Preston 

County Lieutenant 
War Office Montgomery 

The Officers commanding & belonging to the Regiment of 
Militia from Montgomery County in Virginia beg leave to re- 
turn thanks in behalf of themselves & the soldiers under their 
Command, to Mi". Bagge & the other Gentlemen & Inhabitants 
of the Town of Salem, for their polite Behaviour, trie hospitable 
manner in which they received & treated the Troops, & the in- 
convenience to which they put themselves, to entertain them 
& to make their stay one night comfortable — 
Signed — by order 

Wm. Preston 

(To be Continued) 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 117 


(Abstracts from Sainsbhry Papers, and Copies from McDonald 
and De Jarnette Papers, Virginia State Library. From the 
Originals in the British Public Record Office.) 


Sir Hqnry Chlchley to The King. 

May it please Your Exc* Ma'ty 

About a week agoe there happened a strange Insurrection (1) 
in the heart of this Your Ma ties Country of which I beseech 
Your Ma'ty to permit me as in duty bound to give this short 
account That the people of Gloucester have cut up their own 
and others growing Tobacco near two hundred Plantations as 
I am credibly informed to the great prejudice of many Loyal 
Inhabitants and noe small detriment to Your Ma t<e3 Interest, 
there being a great river and about fifty miles of ground be- 
tween them and mee they committed their outrages three days 
before y e least intimation of their proceedings at James Citty 
where I then was with Your Ma ties Council at a General Court, 
and about four days before, had prorogued an Assembly which 
was called and ready to sit before the arrival of Your Ma t<eB 
Commands to the contrary. I presedtly dispatcht Coll. 
Kemp (2) with orders to raise Foot and Horse forthwith to 
suppress them by force of Arms which hee effectually executed 
(with what haste he could) upon the first party hee met is still 
id quest of the rest, hobe success and humbly beg Your Ma ties 
good opinion that my best endeavours shall not be wanting, 
suppose the Burgesses big with the thoughts of a Cessation and 
being unexpectedly yet necessarily prorogued by Your Ma ties 
Command have blown this coal which hath inflamed the people, 

(1) This was the "Plant Cutting" when many Colonists, in despara- 
tion at the low price of tobacco, attempted to increase the value by 
destroying a large part of the growing crop. Much has been published 
in former numbers of this Magazine in regard to this matter. Sir Henry 
Chichely was then Lieutenant and Acting Governor. 

(2) Col.. Matthew Kemp, of Gloucester County. 


have wrot at large to Mr. Sec'ty Jenkins. Shall not trouble 
Your Ma tieB farther at present but to beg your pardon and your 
gracious acceptadce of my prayer, That it would please God to 
protect and bless Your Ma'ty forever Your Ma ties most 
obedient subject and servant Hen. Chichley. 

From Middle Plantation May y e 8 th 1682 
[Endorsed] Rec'd 14 th June 1682 

Sir Henry Chichley to Secretary Jenkins 

Right Hon'ble 

I am heartily sorry I have occasion to give you so speedy an 
account of this Country's estate, the people of our County of 
Gloucester having last week in a tumultuous manner cut of 
half the Tobacco plants among them some whereof voluntarily 
destroyed their own and then joined forces and in several 
parties to the number of twenty or more maugre opposition by 
the Planters that owned them cut of all plants wherever they 
came. They had begun three or four days before I had notice 
of it, being then at a General Court at James Citty, immediately 
I issued out my Proclamation to that County and soon after to 
all others to stop their proceedings seconded with a Commission 
to Coll. Kemp, one of the Council here, to suppress them by 
force, which with all possible haste hee effectually put in execu- 
tion taking two and twenty of them in the fact, all w'ch except 
two more violent and incorrigible than the rest immediately 
submitted, begged pardon and promised amendment and were 
dismissed home The two before mentioned were remitted to 
mee and the Council at James Citty and are now in safe custody 
I hope my endeavours which shall not be wanting may quench 
this growing flame. Of the further progress and total quelling 
of it I shall give Your Honor speedy notice by a ship that I ex- 
pect will sail ten days hence. The probable occasion as fair as 
I can yet see of this commotion is briefly thus The Lord Culpeper 
adjourning the Assembly after w'ch was prorogued till Jan. the 
last, Arid the next month Mr. Nat. Bacon(3) by letter to me 
reciting part of his Lo'ps letter the purport whereof was that an 
(3) Nathanial Bacon, Sr. 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 119 

Assembly should be called some time last month, by which 
time it was hoped his Lo'p would arrive here and myselfe having 
not received a sillible to that time from any Publick Minister 
nor indeed till neer the middle of April about which time Capt. 
Jeffries arrived with pay for the Soldiers: The beginning of 
March I issued out Writs for the convening the Assembly I fear 
unhappily because when I received His Ma tiea Commande not 
to call them to sit some of them were then on their way to James 
Citty and by consequences too late to prorogue them untill 
met and they big with expectation to enact a Cessation, by the 
most but not the wisest thought the only expedient to advance 
the price of Tobacco and being advised by the Council to pro- 
pose to the House of Burgesses whether they would continue 
His Ma t<eB Soldiers on the Country's pay before their proroga- 
tion according to the tenor of His Ma ties letter by strange pre- 
tence they delayed for fower days their answer as will appear 
by their Journal and ours to bee remitted you by the Secretary 
here to whom I further referr you at present. They were pro- 
rogued with unanimous advice of the Council till the 10 th of 
November next in obedience to His Majesties Command. But 
before their prorogation, as I since understand, they voted their 
Journal should be publickly read by their Burgesses when thhe 
got home to their respective Counties upon the perusal of which 
it will be easy for Your Honor to observe how the people came 
inflamed and the Soldiers by abridgement of their pay and 
some delay occasioned by my necessary presence at the General 
Court being apter to mutiny than to serve His Ma tie here, must 
of necessity in this juncture of time bee with- all expeditione 
disbanded cannot as yet see the bottom nor discover who are 
chiefly concerned in this tumult nor indeed what will be the 

It hath an ill face in many respects I can only say for myself 
your Honor may bee assured I shall manifest my allegiance 
upon all occasions, submit the whole matter to your prudent 
consideration and depend upon your generosity for all the just 
favor can bee shown to Right Hon'ble Your Honor most f atih- 
ful & obedient servant Hen. Chichley 
Middle Plantation [Endorsed] Rec'd 15 June 1682 

May 8 th 1682— 

120 virginia historical magazine 

Nicholas Spencer(4) to Secretary Jenkins 

James Citty May 8 th 1682 
Right Hon'ble 

I have not of late presumed to trouble your Honor with my 
letters and doe most heartily wish had other matter to signify 
to Your Honor than the substance of this letter for know the 
contents will bee as unwelcome to Your Honor as they are 
grievous to mee to write being now to tell Your Honor the quiet 
and peace of this His Ma'tye Colonie is riot only hasarded by 
unruly and tumultuous persons but is at present under such 
sufferings, by a combination of many inhabitants in Gloucester 
County entering into a resolution to force a Law by their wills 
that noe Tobacco should be this year planted, the which readily 
to effect on the first of this month began their evil undertakings 
First with cutting up their own plants and soe proceeded from 
plantation to plantation using a forcible way of persuasion by 
telling the Masters of Plantations where they came if not willing 
to have their plants cut up they would create a willingness in 
them by force, and in an hours time destroy as many plants 
as would well have employed twenty men a summer's tendance 
to have perfected. These outrages were in progress over three 
days before the Lieut Governor had any intimation thereof 
himselfe and the Council being then at James Citty holding the 
General Court as soon as received advice thereof issued forth- 
Proclamations whereby to restrain such Riots, tumult, out- 
rages and violences the which to make effectual dispatched 
Coll. Kemp a worthy gentleman of the Council and Commander 
of Gloucester Militia with orders to raise such members of the 
militia Horse and Foot as might be effectual to suppress and 
reduce the Mutineers whom with his Horse hee surrounded and 
took every man of them in the very act of destroying of Plants. 
Two of the principal and incorrigible rogues are committed, 
the rest submitting and giving assurances of their quiet arid 
peaceable demeanour and behaviour were remitted, hope by 
this time other parties of the Mutineers may be reduced tho its 
to be feared the contagion will spread. This day have re- 

(4) Nicholas Spencer, Secretary of State. 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 121 

ceived intelligence that the next adjacent county being New 
Kent was lately tooke forth committing the like spoyls on plants 
as in Gloucester County the which to suppress is the like care 
taken by way of the Militia Horse and Foot or soe many 
them as may, in this juncture, be admitted to arms. And least 
the infection should grow, general orders are gone forth to the 
Commanders of the Militia of each County to provide a party 
of Horse to be in continual motion, by which vigilancy are in 
some hopes the growth of these Insurrections and Outrages 
may be prevented and in it should not write doubtfully did I 
not know the necessities of the Inhabitants to bee such by their 
own Commodity Tobacco, soe now sunk to nothing that their 
low estate makes them desperate and resolve a Law of Cessation 
of their own making if goe forward the only destroying Tobacco 
Plants will not satiate their fits to be feared rebellious appetites 
which if increase and find the strength of their own Arms will 
not bound themselves. 

To add to this unexpected evil His Ma ties Soldiers being two 
companies and just upon the point of disbanding and sensible 
His Ma t<es hath been pleased to Command their disbanding on 
the first of April and noe pay appointed after that day, are so 
far from being serviceable in this ruly time of assistance from 
them since their arrival, that their mutinous temper double 
our apprehensions of evil events. Had not the Ship on which 
was loaded the Soldiers money been long wind bound and on 
her passage beyond usual time His Ma tiP8 Soldiers had been 
paid off before these present commotions hapined, the Soldiers' 
quarters are now accounting for and the Soldiers and Landlords 
will day after day bee paid off and the Soldiers disbanded and 
the Country freed of the mischiefs which may be from their 
mutinous demeanors. 

His Ma'ty was pleased to command the disbanding of the 
two companies if the country would not continue them on the 
public charge. The Assembly met in five days after the arrival 
of those His Ma t£es commande being by writ from the Lieut. 
Governor Sir Henry Chichley soe appointed near forty days 
before the arrival of the Ship Concord; by which ship His Ma'ty 
was likewise pleased to signify His Royal will and Pleasure that 


noe Assembly should be held or permitted to sit until the 10 th 
of November next, by which time His Exc ie the Lord Culpeper 
would be remanded to this his Government by whom His Ma'ty 
would be pleased to signify his Royal Will and Pleasure to the 
last addresses of the General Assembly, and that his Lo ds ar- 
rival will be in time for an Assembly the said 10^ h of November. 
The Assembly convened by the Lieut Governor being met hee 
communicated to the Council His Ma t<es commands both as to 
the disbanding the Soldiers unless continued at the Countrys 
charge and likewise His Ma ties Commande that noe Assembly 
should sit until the tenth of November to both of which that 
the Council according to their duty might pay and yield all 
due obedience were of the opinion the Assembly being met tho 
convened without the advice or consent of any one member of 
the Council yet should be permitted to set only to advise 
whether to continue the guards at the Country's charge or not 
in which proposition the House of Burgesses seemed to spend 
some days without any other answer then desiring from day to 
day time to resolve being a point in which to gain time to carry 
on other imaginations, the principal part of which was a cessa- 
tion, for which as the assembly was called peculiarly by the 
unfortunate motions of the over-active clerk of the House of 
Burgesses Major Robert Beverley soe his influence was noe less 
in the House when convened. The continuance of the Assem- 
bly not being agreeable to His Ma ties Commande they were 
prorogued on the twenty seaventh of April to the 10 th of Novem- 
ber by which prorogation the selfish purposes of some persons 
were frustrated, most particularly the Clerk of the House of 
Burgesses who to accomplish his designes of noe Tobacco this 
year to be planted to advance those great quantities of To- 
bacco now on his hands has instilled into the multitude as it is 
vehemently suspected, to justify the right of making a cessation 
by cutting up of plants; soe that the ground and rise of our 
present troubles and disorders is from the ill-timed Assembly. 

Sir : About ten days hence will sail other ships by them shall 
be able to speak more positively to our Commotions than at 
present therefore will now beg leave to close with subscribing 
R 1 Hon'ble Your Honor's most faithful and obedient Servant 

Nicho : Spencer 
[Endorsed] Rec'd 14 June 1682 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 123 

Report about Commotion in Virginia. 

May it please Yo r Ma tie 

Wee have read three letters from Virginia dated the 8 th of 
May last one being from Sir Henry Chichley Lieut* Govern or 
of that Colonie to Yo r Ma tie another from him to the Right 
Hono'ble Mr. Secretary Jenkins, whereby wee are given to 
understand that Sir Henry Chicheley having called an Assem- 
bly before the receipt of Yo r Mat ies letter forbidding him tocall 
an Assembly or permit them to sitt without the consent of 
seaven of the Council, Hee had accordingly with the advice and 
consent of the said Council permitted them to sit several days 
pursuant to the directions he had received; during which time 
they had made divers motions, addresses and speeches tending 
to Sedition and raising disorders in the Government by a 
specious pretence of improving the Trade of Tobacco by pro- 
curing a cessation from planting and by fomenting other appre- 
hensions which had formerly been a chief occasion of the late 
Rebellion. After which the Assembly having been prorogued 
in pursuance of Your Ma'tys commands to the 10 th of Novem- 
ber next and their Journal having been published throughout 
the Colony by their order several tumultuous and disorderly 
people were met together in Gloucester County and had cut up 
and destroyed the growing Tobacco of neer two Hundred Plan- 
tations which riot had noe sooner been supprest by the Militia 
but another broke out in the next adjacent County of New Kent 
committing the same spoils on Plants as in Gloucester County. 
Whereupon the like orders had been given to the Militia or soe 
many of them as in this juncture might be admitted to take 
arms for the hindering the further growth and evil consequences 
of this Insurrection which is very much apprehended by reason 
of the present necessities and desperate condition of the In- 
habitants And wee are further by those letters informed that 
Robert Beverley, Clerk of the Assembly had not only very much 
influenced the House of Burgesses in their seditious motions 
before they were prorogued but had afterwards alsoe ,as it 
was vehemently suspected, instilled into the multitude the 
violent means of effecting their end of a cessation by cutting 


up the growing Tobacco Upon consideration of all which 
particulars Wee are humbly of opinion that the Lord Culpeper 
Your Mat ies Governor in Chief of Virginia may receive your 
directions to repair to his Government with all possible speed, 
in order to find out, by the strictest enquiry, the abettorr and 
instruments of this commotion, and to put a stop to the further 
progress of it And that to this end the Frigat intended for 
Jamaica may bee immediately fitted out for the carrying him 
to Virginia his Lo'p having declared himself ready to goe 
thither in case of exigency within a weeks time after notice 
given him. 

And since by the several relations wee have received this 
Insurrection appears to have been promoted and carrie,d on to 
the great disturbance of the publick peace of the Colony. Wet 
cannot but offer our humble advice to Your Ma'ty that soms 
person who shall be found most faulty may be forthwith pune 
ished, to the end the dignity of the Government may be pree 
served and all evil minded men deterred from t/he like attempt 
for the future. After which and not before the Governmen- 
may be directed to consider of and propose with the advice of 
the Council or Assembly as he shall think fit some temperament 
in relation to planting of Tobacco and raising the price of that 
commodity And forasmuch as Robert Beverley Clerk of the 
Assembly is represented to have been a chief promoter of these 
disorders Wee humbly offer that the former Instructions given 
to the Lord Culpeper for the putting him out of all imployment 
and places of trust may be renewed and forthwith put in execu- 
tion. Lastly wee take leave humbly to move Your Ma'ty that 
as there are divers quantities of Your Ma'tys Stores remaining 
in Virginia which had been sent thither during the late Rebellion 
Your Ma'ty would be pleased to direct the Lord Culpeper to 
sell upon his arrival, all such Stores as the Country will buy 
and to secure the rest for your Ma ties service. 

All w'ch Etc 


14 June 1682 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 125 

Orders about the Conditions at Virginia. 

At the Court at White Hall the 17 th of June 1682 
The King's most Excellent Ma tie in Council 

Whereas the Right Hon'ble the Lords of the Committee for 
Trade and Plantations did by their Report this day read at the 
Board humbly represent That by three letters from Virginia 
dated the 8 th of May last one being from Sir Henry Chicheley 
Lieut* Governor of that Colony to his Ma'ty, another from him 
to Mr. Sec'ty Jenkins and one from Mr. Nicholas Spencer of 
Virginia ro Mr. Sec'ry Jenkins they are given to understand 
That Sir Henry Chicheley having called an Assembly before 
the receipt of His Mat'ys letter forbidding him to call an Assem- 
bly or permit them to sit without the consent of seaven of the 
council hee had accordingly with the advice and consent of the 
said council permitted them to sit several days pursuant to the 
directions he had received during which time they had made 
divers motions , addresses and speeches tending to Sedition and 
raising disorders in the Government by a specious pretence of 
improving the Loade of Tobacco by procuring a cessation from 
planting and by fomenting the apprehensions which had for- 
merly been a Chief occasion of the late Rebellion. After which 
the Assembly having been prorogued in pursuance of His Ma'tys 
commands to the tenth of November next and their Journal 
having been published throughout the Colony by their order, 
seferal tumultuous and disorderly people were met together in 
Gloucester Cotmty and had cut up and destroyed the growing 
Tobacco of near 200 plantations which riot had no sooner been 
supprest by the Militia but another tooke out in the next ad- 
jacent county of New Kent committing the same spoils on 
Plants as in Gloucester Courfty whereupon the like orders had 
been given to the Militia or soe many of them as at this Junc- 
ture might bee admitted to take Arms for the hindring the fur- 
ther growth and evil consequedces of this Insurrection which 
is very much apprehended by reason of the present necessities 
and desperate condition of the Inhabitants. 


And that their Lo'ps were further informed by those letters 
that Robert Beverley, Clerk of the Assembly had not only very 
much influenced the House of Burgesses in their Seditious mo- 
tions before they were prorogued but had also, as it was ve- 
hemently suspected, instilled into the multitude the violent 
means of effecting their end of a cessation by cutting up the 
growing Tobacco. And their Lo'hs having humbly offered it as 
their opinion that the Lord Culpeper His Ma t<es Governor of 
Virginia may receive directions to repair to his Government 
with all possible speed in order to find out by the strictest in- 
quiry the abettorr and Instruments of this Commotion and to 
put a stop to the further progress of it — His Ma'ty upon con- 
sideration thereof was this day pleased to order and command 
that the Lord Culpeper doe imbarque himself on such of His 
Ma t<es Frigates as shall be provided for his Transportation to 
Virginia by the first of August next — And in the meantime that 
his Lo'p doe prepare himselfe as to be in readiness to goe on 
board within a week stime after notice in case of any sudden 
emergency. And their Lo'ps further representing that by the 
Several relations they had received, this Insurrection appears to 
have been promoted and carried on to the great disturbance of 
the Publick Peace of the Colonic 

It was thereupon likewise ordered by His Mat'y in Council 
according to their Lo'ps advice in this particular That the said 
Governor doe cause some of the persons who shall bee found 
most faulty to bee forthwith proceeded against and punished 
to the dad the Dignity of the Government may bee preserved 
and all evil-minded men bee deterred from y e like attempts for 
the future. After which and not before the said Governor is 
hereby Ordered and directed to consider of and propose with 
the advice of the Council or Assembly as he shall think fit some 
temperament in relation to the planting of Tobacco and raising 
the price of that Commodity. And as to Robert Beverley, 
Clerk of the Assembly who is represented to have been the 
chief promotor of those disorders it was ordered by His Ma'ty 
in Council That the Lord Culpeper according to former in- 
structions in that behalf, doe at his arrival cause the said 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 127 

Beverley to be immediately put out of all employment and 
places of Trust within the said Colony. 

And lastly it is ordered by His Ma tie in Council upon th 
Report of the said Lords Committees That the said Lord Cul- 
peper doe upon his arrival give directions for selling such 
quantities of His Ma t<es Stores that had been sent thither 
during the late Rebellion as the Country will buy and secure 
the remainder for His Ma ties Service. 

(To be Continued) 



(Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimfleden, S. W., 19, London, England.) 

John Bannister, the j'ounger [no place]* 
*[no Act bk for 1650] 

Dated 4 May 1650. Proved 24 Oct. 1650. 

Admon. 19 Dec. 1655. 
"Deare Uncle I shall desire you to give these freindes of mine, 
these small legacies:" To my Cozens, your daughters, 20s. each. 
To Mr. ARCHBOLD and his wife, 20s. each. To Mr. DEE and 
his wife, 20s. each. To my cosen, PEASE, 10s. To my cosen 
BANISTER, 10s. more. To my friend Mr. DELAWNE, the 
apothecary, 10s. To my friend Mr. SMITH, Haberdasher, 
10s. To my friend MATHEW WOOD at my Uncle STAN- 
LYES, 10s. To my fellow servant JOANE KIDDER, 10s. 
To the Pensions of this parish, 40s. To my cozen THOMAS 

All the residue, unto my uncle desyring him to see that my 
mother doth not want and that she may continue with my 
friend Mrs. ARCHBOLD, till her senses be restored again. 
I declare this to be my will of I dye before I return into England 

To my Uncle f owrescore two hundred acres of my land in the 
Barbados, to return to my uncle BANISTER or his heires after 
his decease. 

Memorandum that the Testator after the sealing of his will 
appointed his Uncle JOHN BANISTER his executor. 
Proved 24 Dec. 1650 by the sole executor named. 


19 Dec. 1655. 

Administration granted to MARY CROSSMAN als BANIS- 
TER and MARGARET BANISTER, daughters and execu- 
trixes of JOHN BANNISTER, the elder, sole Executor named 
in this will, to administer the goods etc., of JOHN BANISTER, 
the younger, deceased, the said JOHN BANNISTER the elder 
having died. 153 PEMBROKE. 

[John Banister, the naturalist, had travelled in the West Indies before 
coming to Virginia. He was in Virginia as early as 1678 and died in 1692. 
A John Banister patented land in Gloucester County in 1653 and Mrs. 
Elizabeth Banister had grant in the same county in 1679. In the grant a 
reference is made to her son John Banister, and her deceased husband 
John Banister. In the fragmentary records of Charles City County, 
under date* April 9, 1661, in a statement that James Wallis had married 
the widow of Lieut. John Banister. The testator above may have come 
from the same English family.] 

Thomas Broadnix of Ospringe, co. Kent. Gentleman. 
Dated 6 Dec. 1650. Adm. 8 Dec. 1654. 

To MARY, the now wife of JAMES HAYLES, and to his heirs 
for ever, my lands called Newes, lying in Burshmosh Parish, 
near Dym Church, co. Kent, containing, 40 acres, now in the 
occupation of WILLIAM BRETT of Brensent. 
To MARY BRADNIXE, my lands lying in Stirry, co. Kent, 
and to hir heires for ever, now in the occupation of THOMAS 

To THOMAS BRADNEXE, my kinsman, brother to the said 
MARY BRADNEXE, my lands lying in Snave Parish in Rush- 
idg Parish and Alstone in Romney Marsh, and to his heirs forever. 
To HENRY BRADNEX, my brother in law, £5. 
NEXE, deceased, £10. 

To the poor of the several parishes where my lands lie, £20. 
To EDWARD HALES of Faversham, gentleman, brtoher to 
the said JAMES HAYLES, £20. 

To JAMES HALES, and to his heirs for ever, my house and 
land lying on the parish of Rushidg also one other house with 
44 acres of land lying in Bethersden, co. Kent in the occupation 
Sole Executor:— the said JAMES HALES. 
8 Dec. 1654. 


Administration to THOMAS BRADNAXE the nephew and 

legatarie named, JAMES HALES, the executor named being 

renounced. 410 ALCHIN. 

[This Thomas Brodnix does not appear in the Brodnax pedigree in 
Berry's Kentish Genealogies. Many of the lines are, however, not fully 
carried down. As is we.l known, the Virginia line traces to John and 
Dorothy Brodnax, who appear in Berry's pedigree.] 

John Collyer of Lendon, marchaht and Cloathworker. 
Will 18 December 1649; proved 8 January 1649-50. To b fc 
buried in Church or Churchyard of Beddington in Surrey. 
One third of estate to wife Regina Collyer, one third to my 
heire Charles Collyer and other third as follows : I forgive my 
brother Isaack Collyer £500 lent him. To my nephew Isaack 
collyer Junior £250, part to set him apprentice. To my mother 
in law Mrs Anna Senuliano £50. To her daughter my sister 
in law Mrs Anna Maria £200. To Brother in law Vincentio 
Malo £200 and what he owes mee upon accompt for charges 
pictures bought or otherwise only for diet I reckon nothing. 
To Brother John Knight my interest in the house he now in- 
habits in Marklane and to my sister Mary his wife £20. To 
my couzens William and Mary Jurner I forgive twenty five, 
pounds of what they owe me. To Henry Swift £15. To Mr. 
Job Throgmorton £50. To poor of Beddington £10. To poor 
of London £20. To Edward Denny £20. To William Jolliffe 
I restore of what I had with him £100. Executors: Mr. Job 
Throgmorton, Brother Isaac Collyer, Wife Regina. My son 
to be brought up in the English learning and Protestant faith, 
if my wife leaves England he is not to go with her except with 
consent of my other two executors. Made in the Hamlet of 
Wallington in Surrey 18 December 1649 in presence of John 
Heather, William Blacke. Proved by all executors. 3 PEM- 

[Edward Lockey, formerly of Virginia, died, without issue, in the 
parish of St. Catherine Cree Church, London, in 1667. He left a consid- 
erable part of his estate in Virginia to his "cousin" Isaac Collier, Jr., 
son of Isaac Collier. In 1671, Isaac. Collier, Jr. was deceased. The in- 
ventory of Isaac Collier was recorded in Elizabeth City county in 1675, 
and the will of Isaac Collier, Sr., proved in York, May 24, 1688. He 
named his wife Mary and children Charles, Abraham, Thomas and Sarah 
It would seem from the names that the York county Colliers were of the 
same family as the testator was. The clue is sufficiently good to deserve 
further investigation. See Williata & Mary Quarterly, Vols. VII and 
VIII for notices of the Colliers.] 


William Farnfolde, in the parish of Steaning. in the 

Countie of Sussex, gent. 

Dated 7 Aug. 1610. Proved 8 Nov. 1610. 

To the poore of the parish of Steaninge, 40s. To the Churche 
of Steaninge, 10s. To the Churche of Chichester, iijs. iiijd. 
To Mr. WILLIAM FARNFOLD, my godsonne, £20. To 
ANTHONY FARNFOLD, my kynsman, £10. To DOR- 
OTHIE FARNFOLD, my brother ANTHONYES daughter, 
FARNFOLD, £5. *To JOHN FARNFOLD, £5. "Children 
of Mr. ANTHONY FARNFOLD." To everie one of my 
sister HARPENYES Children £4 a peece. To ' the sixe of the 
Youngest" of my brother RICHARDE FARNFOLDS Child- 
ren, 40s. a peece. To my brother BYNWYNS five daughters, 
40s. a peece. To all Sir EDWARDE COLPEPERS Children, 
20s. a peece. To my foure sisters a peece of goulde of 20s. a 
peece. To my "sister ANTHONYES wief [sic], a peece of 20s. 
To Sir EDWARDE COLPEPER, my baye Gueldinge. To 
my brother BYNWYN, two Corsletts and Halberds. To 
ANTHONY FARNFOLD and his heires, one house and barn 
and all my Lands called Wollies lyeing in the parish of Ash- 
hurst. Residuary Legatee and Sole Executor, my brother 

*A11 given as separate Items. 
Mem of Debts due to me: 

of THOMAS TAILO of Steanynge, £7., of HENRY COXE, 
als Greeneslade, 45s., of Sir EDWARDE BELLINHAM, £20. 
"Witness of it": JOHN FORDE, PETER SHELLEY and 

of Mr. Doctor TYCHBOURNE, 53s. 4d., of WILLIAM 
HEATH of Petworthe, £4. 

Proye'd 8 Nov. 1610 by the Sole Executor named. 93 WING- 

[In Vol. XXII, p. 399 &<•., of this Magazine, wes published the will of 
Sir Thomas Farnefold, of Gatewicks in Steyning, Sussex, whose son, Rev. 
John Farnefold, came to Virginia.] 


John Gryme of Ightham, county Kent, clearke. Will 21 
August 1643; proved 22 March 1644-5. I give my body to be 
buried in the chancell of Ightham, as neere as possible may be 
to the body of my late deare wife. I give to the poore of Igh- 
tham and of Raynham 20s to each parish, to be distributed 
among them on the day of my buriall or within one month after 
my decease. To Mrs. Jane James of Ightham, widdowe, the 
same ring which was given my be her late husband and my very 
good patron as the best token I am able to leave her of that 
thankfulness and dutifull respect which I owe to her and hers. 
In case she shall depart this life before me, I give the same ringe 
to Mrs. Anne James, he r daughter in law, the wife of Mr. 
William James, esquire. I bequeath to the said William James 
Sa ;azar one the proverbes, or any other booke (not hereby be- 
queathed) which he pleasethto make choyse of out of my lib- 
rary To each of my ser\ antes that hath remained with me the 
space of one whole yeare and shall remaine soe at the tyme of 
my decease 10s. To my son Charles Gryme £10 and my 
tenement called Tibbs, houlden of the manor of Ightham. To 
my daughter Elizabeth Gryme £50 and Cooper's workes. To 
my daughter Sara Dawlinge, Smythes workes in two volumes, 
and my lease taken of Mr. Gossage planted with young trees, 
adjoining to my tenement bought of Henrie Shoebridge, during 
her life. After her decease the same shall be annexed to m 
said tenement. I give her more the use of all the goods, plate 
and household stuff that were her husband's during her life, 
she paying 40s. yearly to my executrix towards the education 
of her daughter Sarah Dawlinge. To my neece Sarah Dawling 
£10 at 21, and all the said goods that were her father's (by him 
made over to me by deed of gift) after the decease of her mother. 
To every of my three daughters (Elizabeth, Anne and Sarah) 
one bedstead, feather bed and boulster, with all the bedding 
thereto belonging, the eldest chosing her bed first, the second 
next and the third last, as they are in age. All the rest of my 
goods I give to my daughter Ann Gryme, whom I ordain my 
executrix. And I entreat my loveing ccsens William Duckett 
of Grayes Inne, esquire, Henry Gryme of Charterhouse lane, 
London, and Richard Bowles, clearke, to be overseers of this 


ray will, to each of whom I bequeath a ringe of 20s price to be 
bought by mine executrix. As touching my landes, I give to 
my said daughter Anne two parcells called Downes, containing 
by estimation 18 acres, with two salt marshes to the same ad- 
joyninge sometimes called Cockell Marsh and Snares Marsh 
and Downes Marsh all in the parish of Stooke in the Hundred 
of Hood, county Lent lately purchased by me of George Wilkins 
late of Stooke aforesaid, gentleman, to hold to the said Anne 
and the heirs of her body, failing whom to my son Clarke 
[Charles?! Gryme. To my said overssers I bequeath all that 
messuage and 3 parcels of land (containing by estimation 7 
acres) lying in Igtham aforesaid and lately purchased of Henry 
Shoebridge deceased, and two parcels of land enclosed called 
Brownes and Dynes in Ightham aforesaid heretofore purchased 
by me of William Ferry deceased and others, daring the joint 
lives of Ralph Dawlinge gentleman, and Sarah his wife, my 
daughter, in trust to bestow the issues thereof at the appoint- 
ment of my said daughter Sarah and in case she survive her 
husband I give the premises to my said daughter for her life, 
with femaynder to my said neece Sarah Dawlinge, except as to 
Brownes and Dynes which shall remain to my daughters Eliza- 
beth and Anne. But fi my daughter Sarah leave other lawful 
issue then her said daughter Sarah I give the said tenement and 
the land railed Dynes to such her other issue and Brownes to 
mv said neece Sarah. Witnesses: Thomas Collyer, R. Bowles, 
Richard Johnson. Proved by the executrix named. Rivers 56. 
[It is highly probable that Charles, the son of John Gryme or Grymes, 
the testator, was Rev. Charles Grymes, who was minister of York parish, 
York Co. Va., as early as 1614. That the son of a country parson should 
become one in the colonies seems likely. The compiler of these notes 
thought he had seen, somewhere in Archaeologia Cantiana, a reference to 
the testator, and extracts from the Ightam register, giving the births, 
of some of his children; but a careful search of the indexes of all the vol- 
umes fails to discover the reference. A genealogy of the descendants of 
Charles Grymes was begun in the April 1919 number of this Magazine.] 

El zabeth Ham, wife of HIEROM HAM of the Cittie of 
Bristoll, gent., late wife and Executrix of JOHN OLYVER, 

of the said Cittie, merchant. 
Dated 24 Dec. 1619. Admon. 30 Oct. 1628. 

To my daughter, MARY GRYFFITH, one sixteenth part of 


the Prysadge lease and to my sonne HENRY OLLYVER the 
other sixteenth part. To my grandchild, WILLIAM GRYF- 
FITH, the great spruce chest, etc. To MARY GRIFFITH 
'my grandchild, my dozen of apostles spoones. To my husband 
'JEROM" HAM, £10 yearly. 

To my sonne, THOMAS ROWLAND, £10, yearly. If he die 
then to his children that have no .portions left them by their 
grandmother REDWOOD. 

To MARY OLIVER, the daughter of my sonne JAMES 
OLIVER, £10. 

If my sonne HENRY OLIVER, whatsoever is given byt his 
Will shall remain to his children, JOHN, THOMAS, and 

Residuary Legatee: my husband, HIEROM HAM, he to pay, 
the £100 due to the Chamber for ROBERT ROWLAND. 
Executors: — my husband HIEROM HAM and my sonne in 
JOHN SMYTH ) Witness. 

30 Oct. 1628. Administration granted to WILLIAM GRIF- 
FITH, grandchild, and next of kin, of said deceased, to ad- 
minister, JOHN GRIFFITH, one of the Executors named, 
having also deceased and JEROMIE HAM, the other Execu- 
tor "deferring execution." 92 BARRINGTON. 

[Kierome or Jerome Ham is a name occurring several times in a family 
of Bristol merchants. A Jerome Ham lived in York Co., Va.,and represented 
it in the House of Burgesses at the session of March 1657-8, and was J. P. 
165G. His widow, Sibella, married 2d Mathew Hubard, and 3d William 
Aylett. On Dec. 7, 1603, Jerome Ham and John Barker were granted 
reversion of price wine in the port of Bristol for 38 years.] 

Thomas Hothersall of City of London, Surgeon. Will 11 
February 1617-18; proved last October 1620. Being bound 
for East Indies in the good ship Sampson as a master surgeon. 
A Deed of gift to his uncle Robert Shuttle-worth, citizen and 
merchant taylor of London. Witnesses : Da : Phillipps servant 
to George Rickner thelder, scrivenor, deceased, Edward Cotton. 
SOAME, 92. 

| Thomas Hothersall, of Pashbehav, gent., patented 200 acres at Blunt 
Point, (Warwick County) 1623. The head rights were himself, his wife 
Frances, and Richard and Mary his children. He came to Virginia in 
1621, in the Margaret & John, took part in a great ftVnt with two Spanish 
ships, and wrote an account of it, in which he describes himself as "late 
zytisone and grocer of London."] 


Anthony Kemp, then of Flordon in the Co. of Norff., gent. 
Dated 9 April 1613. Admon. 26. May 1614. 

ANTHONIE KEMP did declare his Will Nuncupative: 
"I am heere at board with my Nephew ROUS, (meaning ED- 
WARD ROUS of Flordon, in Co. Norff., Clerk) and am in his 
debt, and I can not ride myself, for I am an ould man, and there- 
fore I am faine to trowble him to ride for my money to CAM- 
BRIDGE and other places, and now I am going to sojourne at 
Norwitch where he must be bound to pay for my diett", and 
therefore, whatsoever that I have shoulde be his. 
No Witnesses. 

26 May 1614. Administration granted to EDWARD ROUS, 
of Flordon, Co. Norfolk, Clerk, and principal 
creditor of ANTHONY KEMP, late of Flordon, 
aforesaid, Bachelor to administer, no Executor 
being named. 37 LAW. 

[As has been before stated in this Magazine, it is practically certain 
(though positive proof has not yet been obtained) that Richard Kemp 
Secretary of State of Virginia, was the Richard, baptized 1600, son of 
Robert Kemp, Esq., of Gissing : Norfolk. Secretary Kemp in his will 
names his brother Edward Kemp, and his nephew Edmund Kemp (the 
latter then in Virginia). This Edmund Kemp was probably son of Ed- 
mund, and grandson of Robert of Gissing. Anthony Kemp, whose will 
is given above, was probably a brother of Robt. Kemp, of Gissing. A 
very brief abstract of the will of Arthur Kemp, son of Robert, of Gissing, 
has been printed in this Magazine, but the one given above is much fuller 
and more satisfactory. For other notices of this family of Kemps, see 
this Magazine II, 174-176; III, 40-42; XX, 71-75.1 

Arthur Kempe of the parrish of Michael at the Thorne in 
the city of Norwich, being now (I thanke God) in convenient 
health. Will 15 January 1644-5 proved 17 May 1645. Not 
knowing when or how soone some great and dangerous sickness 
and disease may sease upon me, made as above. I give my 
body to be decently intered in the same parish where I shall dye, 
and doe appoint £5 towardes the necessary charges thereof. I 
give unto the poor of the parish of Flordon 10s, to the poor 
of the two parishes in Antingham 20s, to the poor of the said 
parish of Michael 10s. All these sums to be paid into the hand 
of the churchwardens and overseers of the said parish within 
three weeks after my decease. Item, I give to four of the eldest 


children of my brother Edmond £8 apeece, but soe that my 
executor dispose of it some way for their good. To my neece 
Dorothy Jackman £6. To my cosen Robert Freeman's wife of 
Gissing 40s. To the poor of Gissing 10s. To my neece Wal- 
grave 10s. To my neece Elizabeth Kemp 40s. To Mr. 
Thomas Sair of Bestreete for his great love and respect 40s. 
To M'ris Bayfeild besides what I owe her 20s. for a ring. To 
little George Bayfield 10s more. To the servants in Mr. Bay- 
feildls house 40s. To the woman that keeps me 10s. besides 
her wages. To my sister the Lady Kempe of Spaines Hall in 
Eessex whom I desire to be one of my executors 40s, and to my 
cosen Rowse, whom I desire to be another of my executors 40s. 
And I desire my said cosen Rowse to see that my cosen Porter, 
the widdow at Dover, have 40s, which I have owed her this 20 
years for her father's library. I give to my cosen Thomas 
Rowse of Flordon 20s. To every of my elder brother's sonnes 
20s for a token of love, and my silver seale to the fowrth sonne. 
To my cosen Tom Kempe the minister 20s. To Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Sair the elder 10s for a ringe, and to her two daughters 10s 
apiece. For the overplus of my moneys not disposed, I will that 
my sister the Lady Kempe of Finchingfeild shall have the dis- 
posing of it where the most need shall be, among my brothers 
and their children. Item, I will that Doctor Browne shall have 
the booke in my chamber called Toloseness. I give unto my 
brother Sir Robert Kempe, all my bookes in my chamber, and 
those at London I will that my sister Kemp of Finchingfeild 
shall dispose of to my kindred that are schollers. I will that 
my clothes shall be given to poore people. Witnesses : Thomas 
Browne, Geo. Bayfield, Eliz: Fowlsham. Proved by Lady 

Kempe one of the executors, with power reserved for the 

like commission to Rowse. RIVERS, 68. 

Dorothie Kempe, widow. Will 14 November 1626; proved 
May 1629. Body to parish church of Wye, Kent., by the 
shes of my dear husband Sir Thomas Kempe. For all charges 
£100 and out of which £10 to Dr. Jackson. To my daughter 
Lady Ann Cutts £150. To my daughter Lady Dorothy 
Chichely £100. To my daughter Lady Mary Diggs £100 


To my daughter Lady Ann Skip with £100. To Marie Cher- 
nock £100. To my son Sir John Cutts £100. To my grand- 
child Mrs Dorothie Chichely £50. To my grandchild Mr. 
Thomas Diggs £50. To my grandchild Mr. Wm Skipwith £50. 
To my son Sir Dudley Diggs £40. To my sister Tompson and 
Lady Tompson £10 each. To Lady Bowles and Mary Char- 
nock £10 for mourning. To Sir John Cutts Sir Dudley Diggs, 
Sir Henrie Skipwith and Sir John Tompson my brother Mr 
Tompson and Sir Charles Boles £4 each for cloaks. To my 
chambermaid £3. Small legacies to servants for cloaks etc. 
To my daughter Cutts my wedding ring and my great jewel. 
To daughter Chichely diamond border, many other jewels 
given. To Mrs Mary Charnock all my wearing apparel and 

my Cabinet where my writings lye at Childerley Gifts to 

children and grandchildren already referred to linen at 

Olentey in Kent at Shelford. To Sir John Cutts the great 
standard at Shelford. To poor of Olentey £20. To ppoor of 
Lollworth £3. To poor of Little Shelford £3. To poor of 
Swansey £3. Sir John Cutts and Sir Dudley Diggs, executors. 
Witnesses : Jacob Bridgman, Tho : Ady, John Macarnesse, John 
Collier. Addition — I give £5 to the Steward of my Courts and 
£4. 10s. for a cloake. And £4 to Grisell. All money that re- 
mains to my daughter Cutts "This Codicil was annexed to 
my Lady Kemps last Will — 12th March 1626 And was read 
to her as she appointed and signed with her own hand. Wit- 
nesses: James Bridgman, Mary Charnocke, Roda Packe. 
RIDLEY, 49. 

[This is quite a notable will as it illustrates the manner in which groups 
of kinsfolk emigrated from England . Dorothy (Thompson) , the testator, 
married Sir Thomas Kemp, of Ollantigh, Kent, and had issue four chil- 
dren, daughters. They were: (1) Mary, married Sir Dudley Digges, Kt., 
of Chliham, Kent, and was mother of Edward Digges, Governor of Vir- 
ginia; (2) Ann, married Sir John Cutts; (3) Dorothy, married Sir John 
Chichley, of Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, and was mother of Sir Henry 
Chichley, Kt., Governor of Virginia; (4) Amy, married Sir Henry Skip- 
with, Bart., of Prestwould, Leicestershire, and was mother of Sir Grey 
Skipwith, Bart., who emigrated to Virginia. The family of Kemp, of 
Ollantigh, was one of distinction, and to it belonged John Kemp, Arch- 
bishop of York, of Canterbury, and Cardinal, and Thomas Kemp, Bishop 
of London. 1 


Stephen Kendall, of Hempstedd cum Eccles, m 
Co. Norfolk, singleman. 
Dated 12 March 1605-6. Proved 9 Dec. 1611 

To the poore of the parish of Hempstedd cum Eccles, xxs. 
To every of the Children of my late Sister MARGARETT, the 
late wife of JOHN LEAME, to either of them, 40s. 
Residuary Legatee and Sole Executrix: my Mother DOR- 
OTHIE, the now wife of ROBERT RYALL, of Hempstedd 
cum Eccles. 

Proved 9 Dec. 1611 by the Sole Executrix named. 103 WOOD. 

Thomas Kendall of Great Yarmouth, county Norff, mar- 
riner. Will 12 March 1618; proved 14 February 1621. To 
John Kendall my son £20 at 16 years. To Hellen my daughter 
£5 at 16 years. Residue to be divided among Rose my wife 
an,d my four children i. e. John my son to have his part at 16 
years as also every of my daughters. To Henry Read and John 
Lessingham of Great Yarmouth 4Qs. each and I make them 
executors. To Alice Stevenson my goddaughter 20s. To 
Elizabeth Lessingham my goddaughter 20s. Witnesses : James 
Sheppard, Ri: Mighells, Scr. SAVILE, 17. 

Henry Kendall als Tyndall of Bressingham, county Nor- 
folk gentleman. Will 28 July 1637; proved 24 April 1638 to 
be buried in church of new Buckenham Norfolk. To poor of 
New Buckenham £10. To poor of Bressingham and Shelf angeo 
40s. each. To 2nd son John Kendall als Tyndall messuage 
in Shelfanger and Wynfarthinge, lands in occupation of Gylre 
Banham lands in occupation of William Bagley and Widow 
Awgar, John West. To eldest son William Kendall als Tyndall 
£20 per annum and at her decease to his son Richard. To son 
Edward £200. To 4 daughters Judith, Frances, Mary and 
Jane £200 each when 20. To sister Katherine Hauers, widow 


40s. yearly. Overseer: Loye Aggas gent. Witnesses: Willm 
Luke, Sam Brigges, John Blumfield, Gregy Wood, John Smith. 
LEE, 71. 

[William Kendall, who came from England to Northampton County, 
Virginia, about the middle cf the Seventeenth Century, and became 
Speaker of the House of Burgesses, in his will, dated Dec 29, 1685, makes 
bequests to a niece living at North Yarmouth, a nephew, son of his 
brother, John "living about Brinton," and a brother, Thomas, living in 
Norwich, all in Norfolk, England. It seems very probable that the 
testators in the three wills above, were related to him ] 

Anthony Langston of South Littleton, county Worceister 
Esqre. Will 16 November 1633; proved 28 December 1633 
It has pleased God to bless and enrich me with many children. 
And that no one son shall have preminerice I make my wife 
Judith sole executris. To every of my sons £5 each not as a 
portion but as a token of my love to them. To my son Francis 
Langston and heirs the house and land now in occupation o-i 
Henry Farmer the younger. To Anne Langston my daughter 
£800 hoping she will be ruled in marriage by her mother and 
brethren who love her most. I leave all charitable actions to 
my executrix not doubting she will have a godly zeal in dispos- 
ing to the glory of God and to myne and her credit. Residue 
to my said wife Judith. Witnesses: Henry Langston, Russ 

Andrews, Fra. Harewell, John Gravison. RUSSELL, 111. 

[It is possible that the testator was the father of Anthony Langston, 
who, according to a document in the English Public Record Office, was 
an ensign in Prince Maurice's regiment, went to Virginia about 1648, 
returned to England in 1662, and soon afterwards killed a man in a brawl. 
He was pardoned and became a captain in the navy. He prepared a letter 
on the condition of Virginia and especially on the need of iron-works, 
which is among the Egerton MSS.. British Museum. Anthony Langston 
obtained two grants of land in Virginia. The first, to "Mr. Anthony 
Langston" Sept. 6, 1653, was for 1303 acres on the north side of York 
River in Gloucester County, adjoinging Mr. Hammond's land. Due for 
the transportation of 20 persons (names not given.) The other, April 
26, 1653, was to "Mr. Anthony Langston" for 1000 acres in New Kent 
County on the south side of the freshes of York River, adjoining the land 
of Col. Man. [Mainwaring] Hamond. Due for the transportation of 
Daniel Rever, Hem. Chiversal,, Elizabeth Andrews, Mary Smith, 
Elizabeth Kent, William Feild, Mary Creeton, William Davis, Richard 
Clarke, Richard Crouch, Mary Puckerell, Elizabeth Thompson, Hoell 
Thomas, Richard Johnson, Mary Clerke, Runberen Davis, Roger Jones, 
and Robert Bridley. 


A little later a John Langston was resident in the same county, New 
Kent. He took the side of Bacon in his Rebellion, and by act of Assem- 
bly June 1680, was disqualified from ever holding office. He had been 
elected a Burgess for New Kent in this Assembly, but was not allowed to 
take his seat. In 1704 the name does not appear among the landholders 
of New Kent or the counties formed from it, but it is possible that John 
Langston had a daughter or daughters, as Langston appears later as a 
baptismal name in several New Kent families. John Langston had two 
grants of land. The first, 1681, to "John Langston" for 1300 acres in 
New Kent, being the land formerly granted to Hannah Clarke, found to 
escheat by Marke Workman, Deputy Escheator, and now granted to 
John Langston. The other, to "Mr. John Langston," Sept. 28, 1681, 
for 1316 acres in New Kent, adjoining the landsof Sir Philip Honeywood, 
the river, land patented by Moses Davis, and of John Fleming, Thomas 
Glass, and James Turner, being the land formerly granted to Mrs. Hannah 
Clark and found to escheat. 

There was a group of loyalists in this section. Sir Philip Honeywood. 
Col. Mainwaring Hammond and Anthony Langston had been loyalist 
officers, as had been William Bassett of the same county. Mrs. Hannah 
Clarke was widow of John Clarke, of York County, who was a son of 
Sir John Clarke, of Wrotham, Kent, England. She was also the executrix 
of Sir Dudley Wyatt, a Royalist officer, who died in Virginia in 1651, and 
was, no doubt, either his daughter or widow.] 


William Oprie of Penkergard, in p'ish. of Helland, Cornwall, 
gent,, will dated 17 June 1641. To my son John 0. 12d. To 
my son Edward 0. 12d. To my son Richard 0. 12d. To my 
dau. Mary 0. 12d. To my dau'r. Jane 12d. To my dau'r 
Philipp 12d. To my dau'r Emlin 12d. My wife Mary to have 
use of furniture in my house at P. for her life, remainder to 
my heirs. My son Thomas 0. to have ploughs etc. To my 
dau'r Elizabeth wife of William Webbs of Landulp(h), gent. 
12d. To my son Nicholas 0. 12d. To my son Thomas 01 
books etc. To my friends Anthony Gregory of Petrockstowe 
Devon, Clerk, Petherick Jenkin of Lanivet, Cornwall, gent., 
William Webbe, of Lardulp, gent. & John Courtier of Brid- 
gerule, Cornwall, gent., in fee, my manor of Parke als the Parke 
p'shes of Egleshayle, Bodmin & St. Kew, Cornwall,messuages 
etc. in borough of Bodmin, lands in Bodiniell & Cobbleshorne, 
in p'sh of Bodmin, on trust to raise legacies for sd. four dau'rs 
M. J. P. & E. & then for son Thomas. Care of sons J. E. & R. 
& sd four dau'rs to sd. wife, she being their natural mother. 
Rest of goods to sd. wife & she to be ext'rix. Sd. Trustees to be 
overseers. Witnesses: Edward Opie, William Lobb, Hugh 
Bauden, Edward Littleton. 
Prob. 23 Oct. 1656 by Marie Opie, relict & ext'rix. 

[Thomas Opie, probably from Bristol, came to Virginia and married 
Helen, daughter of Rev. David Lindsay, of Northumberland County. 
The will of one of his sens, Thomas Opie, Jr., mariner, of Bristol, was 
printed in this Magazine, XVIII, 90. One of the descendants of the 
emigrant Thomas Opie. was the gallant Major Hierome Lindsay Opie 
(of Staunton, Va.), 116th Infantry, 29th Division, who so highly dist- 
guished himself in the World War. As the chief commerical city of the 
West, Bristol attracted many people of Cornwall and other western 



(Con ributed by Judge Thomas B. Robertson, Hopewell, Va.) 

The following list of those to whom certificates were issued 
for taking up land in Northampton County, then including the 
whole Eastern Shore of Virginia, will show forcefully the rapid- 
ity with which the lands were taken up in the county and how 
the settlement went forward. The lands referred to in the list 
spread all the way from Cape Charles to upper portions of what 
is now Accomac County. In addition there are recorded be- 
tween 1650 and 1660 several deeds to lands given by the Indians. 
One instance being that of Okiawampe, who styled himself 
"Great King of the Eastern Shore," deeding land in Occohan- 
nock neck. Below are given most of these recorded, some being 
likely omitted, partly owing to the condition of the book in 
which they are recorded and a number did not record them for 
years afterwards. There are, too, a few errors in the names. 

At a court holden for Accomacke County the 11 th day oc 
Janyy 1640. 

A certificate was granted to Col. Obedience Robins for 2000 
acres of land for the transportation of 40 bersons whose names 
are underwritten: 

Thomas Belkes, Simon Lyld, Robert Marriott, David Elvis, 
Edwd. Carter, Edwd. Smith, Thomas Marshall, Marie Thomas, 
Thomas Bragley, Thos. Penford, John Blouser, John Drew, 
John Wheller, Robt. Walterton, A. Densford, Richd. White, 
Elizabeth Cowld, John Taylor, Richard Holland, Lewis Smith 
John Gibson, John Parke, Anna Button, Edward Nalden, 
William Pece, Jane Ffohley, Richard Lyall, John Johnson, L. 
Ffield, Richd. Pryne, James Sollett, Robt. Mann, Elizabeth 
Norse, Willm. Lynchbor, Esaw Butterfield, Alex. Larwood 
William Lawrence, John Browrie, Richard Ludson, Martin A 


At a court holden for Accomack County, Mar. 1642. 

A certificate was granted to Henry Weede for five hundred 
acres of land for the persons underwritten : 

I$chd. Lacy, Ffra. White, Edwd. Drigg, William Wheeler, 
Phill Lanseed, Sarvant Mayer, John Bousser, Tho. Beirnham, 
James Wrenn, William Howson. 

Att a court holden for Northampton County Aug. 29, 1642, 
a certificate was granted to Thomas Savage, Carpenter, for the 
following : 

John Severne Bridgett his wife John Severne Jr. Wm. Stevens 
Robt. Lattmer Abraham Merigold John Pott Abraham La- 
grand Wm. Allogon John Luark 

A certificate was granted to William Waters Son & heire of 
Lt. Edward Waters, Dec'd. for following persons 

Edward Waters William Goute 

Anne Parkson Theo. Brian 

Antho Brewster Wm. Warren 

3 men killed at John Dyer 

Massacre Camp Nichols. John Bowler 

4 men cast away with Arnolde 

A certicate was granted to Thomas Knight for following 
Tho. Adderston John Roberts 

Rich d Jones Percy Terry 

Thos. Harrison 

A certificate was granted to Wm. Andrews for following 

Rich d Thos. Gaskins 

John Zalleman John Lee 

John Young Wm. Conner 

Alexander Harrison An. Brower 



At court holden for Northampton County 3 d day of Jany. 
1642-3 A certificate was granted to Capt. Francis Yeardly for 
3000 acres of land for transportation of the following persons. 
Capt. Francis Yeardly 

John Langley 
Tho. Datre 
Walter Price 
Ffra. Goldman 
Jarvis Preschus 
Rich d d Swift 
Roberta Warren 
Edw. Temple 
John Featherstone 


Edw. Thorne 
Augustine Moore 
Tho. Butterese 
John Thropp 
John Turner 
Suzanna Neale 
Hen. Taylor 
Rich d d Smith 
Myles &ower 
John Penner 
Alice Friser 
Margarett Cathner 
Zama Barls 
Anna Thompson 
Anne Kirkram 
Alonzo Bowles 
Walter Darby 
John Darby 
Robt. Martin 

Mary Watkins 
Henry Leonard 
John Lewillins 
Rowland Mills 
John Sherle 
John Linch 
He'y Laugton 
Wm. Ward 
Tho. Adderstey 
Tho. Jones 
Lancaster Lovell 
Robin Williams 
Edw. Bedlen 
Wm. Willis 
Edw. Kensey 
Thos. Prince 
Pierce Griffin 
Rich. Griffin 
John Robtes 
Rich. Jones 
Ann Lathrine 
Anne (negro) 
Wm. Demiss 
Keo. Miller 
John Wortham 
Marmaduke Parkinson 
Charles Atkinson 
John Chevewell 
Wm. Bowker 

Court held last day of Aug. 1643, Mrs. Harmer right of Mr 
Charles Harmer for transportation of 
Ffwen Jones John Gold 

Lazarus Murring William Farmer 



John Harrison 
Jane Courtney 
Robt. Swamp 
Thos. Blunt 
George Willis 

Thomas Lewis 
John Searley 
Matthew Cottinge 
John Glucke 
Thomas Gold 

Court Oct. 30, 1643 Cert, granted to Mrs. Anne Littleton in 
right of her father Henry Southy, Esqr. for following 

Henry Southy Esq. 
Elizabeth his wife 
Henry Southy 

his child 
Thomas ) 
Mary ) Servants 
Elizabeth ) 
John Davenport 
Thos Browne 
Margarett Chartier 

Roger Delke 
Tho. Shoare 
Valentine Sentell 

Tynak Woolley 
Will Bricklayer 

Alice Dammock 
Elleno Paynter 
Sarah Sharley 
Dynah Glower 

Tho. Lewis 
Robt. Swamp 
Roger Marshall 

Anne Simes 
Rich d Willows 

John Rose 

Att court 20 Febry. 1643-4 Certificate was granted to William 
Uuen m (Munro?) 

John Webster Slaty Hodgkins 

Thos. Newton Geo. Meredith 

James Johnson John Pamwell 

Susan Johnson Edw. Denkins 

Joane Grinder 
Joane Longe 

(Same Court) 

A certificate was granted to John Dennis for 350 acres for 
Richard Pattica Thos. Long 

Charles Wallyrane Thos. Lother 

Barbury Dennis 
Robt. Swanson 
A servant of Capt. Stone 

Same Ct. — A certificate was granted to Edw. Douglass for 
the following 


Edw. Douglass 
Wm. Barrett 

wife Elizabeth Benjamin Bowden 

Wm. Miles George Holmes 

William Pritchett Henry Grasgood 

John Powell Pelia Nutt 

John Browne William Gooke 

John Thomas Citwell Long 
Rowland Martmore 

At a court holden for ye County of Northampto 8 th Ffebu'y 
Anno 1650-1 

Present— Coll'o Nath'l Littleton 
Argoll Yeardly Esq — 
Mr. Obedience Robins Mr. Edmund Scarborough 

Mr. Edw. Douglass 

A certificate was this day granted unto Mr. John Custis for 
six hundred acres of land due unto him by assignment of right 
from Argoll Yeardly Esq — 

Mrs. Ann Yeardley Southerd Obbine 

Wm. Smith Jno. Custis 

Edw. Sacker Elizabeth Roberts 

Dante Jackson Abrh. Smith 

Elizabeth James Stanfast 

Mary Stanfast George Grime 
Record at 28 th day month Mar. 1651 

At Court held in Northampton 28 th April 1651, Certificate 
granted John Robinson for 600 acres of land due by right of the 

Steph. Costen George Smith 

Eliz. Winn John Wilcoxe 

James Sterrett Jno. Mundage 

Margarett Courren Tho. Fitchett 

Eliz. Barnes Ann Costen 

Ann Winn Wilbur Hawes 



Cert, granted Ffarmer Jones for 300 acres for the following 
Ffarmer Jones Sen' and man servant Hanson 
Jane Leetra Sara Jones 

Ffarmer Jones Jr. Robt. Hallowair 

Cert, granted to John Johnson for 50 acres of land for trans- 
portation of Thos. Wilson. 

Cert, granted unto Edmund Scarborough for 3600 acres of 
land for those underwritten. 

Rowland Evans 

Jenkin Lleullen 

Edward Evans 

Lewis Rowland 

Jno. Jones 

Phill Pemcott 

Margaret Tillett 

Jester Yeoman 

Wm. Tomlin 

Nath Smith 

Henry Willis 

Susan Foster 

Thos. Browne 

John Martin 

John Surry 

Walter Wood 

Ffrancis W. Knight (?McKni; 

Joanne Parritt 
Ann Darby 
Tho. Pitcher 
Mary Eddesse 
Tho. Woodfield 
Wm. Skinner 
Tho. Hayes 
Mary Edgar 
Mary Williams 
Mary Gritheffe 
Jonathan Showett 
Thos. West 
Margarett Purnell 
Alice Price 
Stowell Gladsinger 
Tho. Collers 


Tho. Cower 
Nath. Broonfield 
Jane Daniel 
Jno. Cary 

Edw. Cowes Edw. Sermonor 

Wm. Hollis Morris Mathews 

Mary Badullor Edw. Holies 

Owen Williams Dorothy Barnes 

Thos. Shipwin Domingo ) 

James Harris Servia )negroes Jno. Jones 

Elizabeth Case Tahania ) 

Thos. Browne John Edwards Robt. Kinge 

Jno. Marrett Wm. Rinch Jno. Runney 

Jno. Hardwell Tho. Yeoxill Wm. Price 



Tho. Maior 
Wm. Ales worth 
Hen. Barnes 
Ronald Rich 

Ffrancis Wieland 
Mary Johnson 
Lucretia Pott 

Jno. Owen 
Dor'thy Rubie 
Rich. Hunsted 

Court held 28 July 1651 a certificate was granted to Geo. 
Clark son of Mrs. Geo. Clarke for 100 acres land for the follow- 

George Clarke Jr. 
Elizabeth Clarke 

Cert, granted to Wm. Waters for 200 acres for the following 
Chas.. Neale Francis Harris 

Arthur Moore Margarett Bentton 

Cert, granted to Michael Painter for 350 acres for 

Wood John Rogers 

John Martin Antho. Black 

Charles Armstrong Joseph Karson 

Keth Bromfield 

20 Sept. 1651 Cert, granted to Sam'l Goldsmith for the 

John Long 
John Harrison 
Joanne Goldsmith 
Susanna Goldsmith 

Alice Clawson 
Jacob Browne 
Sam'l Goldsmith 

At a court held for Northampton County the 4 th Apr. 1659 
a certificate is granted to Doctor Geo. Hack for 1350 acres of 
land for transportation of 27 persons to this County as follows : 

Geo. Nicholas Hack 

Sopherin Hack 
Ann Katherine Hack 
Brian Penaby 
Benj. Jones 
Dorman Nephrininge 
Mary Nourth 
Augustine Grisbert 

Margaret Palmer 
a negro 

Gilhelinus Varlee 
William Ffoxey 
Simon Taylor 
Bridgett Williams 



Timothy Blackford 
Rynick Gerritt 
Augustine Harmon 
Cornel 8 Hendrickson 

Ann Ff oxry 
Hendrick Volkert 
John Gerritte 
Burnard Ramsy 

Att, Att a court held in Northampton May 30 th 1659 a certifi 
is granted to Col. Edmund Scarborough for those whose names 
are underwritten (1500 acres) 

John Watts 
Jeffrey Coate 
Edmund Cantwell 
Tho. Stany 
Hugh Bowen 
Sara Hart 
Susan Fflitcher 
Jane Gardner 
Mary Hues 
Sara Gardner 

Alice Roberts 
Joseph Hues 
Nicholas Litchby 
John Hapworth 
Morris Souatt 
Jane Gethinge 
Thomas Davis 
John Davis 
Edward Bamberry 
Darby Enns 

Robt. Ffowkes 
Jane Rodgers 
Ann Lartch 
Thomas Warren 
Henry Robins 
James Hayes 
Timothy Jones 
Charles Markworth 
Mary Williams 
Thomas Morris 

Cert, is granted to Alexander Addison for 10 persons. 

At Court held in Northampton Co. 2 d Nov'br 1659 Capt. 
Wm. Andrews is granted a certificate for 300 acres of land due 
him for bringing into this County six persons as follows 
William Bust Price Dillenger Hugh Meres 

Ffrancis Carlyle Theren Swan Jane Maxwell 

At Court held Apr. ye 30 th 1660 Capt. George Parker is 
granted a certificate for 300 acres of land for bringing in 6 per- 
sons underwritten he having taken no land before. 
Mary Thomas Eliz. Brampton 

Philip Swinton Grace Thompson 

Wm. Ramserath George Beets 

At a court holden 30 th July 1660 a certificate is granted to 
Mr. John Wilcocks for ye transportation of 20 persons into this 
County whose names follow (1000 acres). 
Ann Wilcocks Henry Yardley George Jenkins 

Rose Yardly Wm. Burton John Flfoyd 



Mary Anery 
Cornelius Johnson 
John Custis 
Wm. Marshall 
Robt. Marklockson 

Arien Ames 
John Wilcocks 
Wm. St. Johns 
Mary Barber 
Anne Jeanes 

Fflorence Pomroy 
Wm. Taylor 
John Fereby 
Wm. Pryer 

Court held Sept. 20 th 1660, a cert, is granted to John Milby 
for seven persons namely John Milby, Aron Ramsy, Richard 
Ackworth, Samarin Milby, Susan Milby, Sam'l Taylor, John 

At a court held for Northampton 12 th Sept. 1660 on petition 
of Mr. John Michaell for a certificate for 1000 acres of land it 
is so ordered being due for ye transportation of 20 persons into 
this County names followeth: 

John Michell Sr. 
John Michell Jr. 
Lawrence Jacob son 
William ) negroes 
Bundo ) 
George Such 
Thomas Irish 

Robert Irish Mary Teage 

Dermon Anderway Abram Rogers 

John Fflint 
Rachael Medcalfe 
Eliza Braneby 
John Cameday 
Mary Greenwood 

Robt. A. Clew 
John Jennins 
Will Morgin 
Elsie Appue 

At a court held 26 th Nov. 1660 a certificate is granted Col 
Obedience Robins for 1500 acres land due him for rights under 

John Wood 

Margaret Waters 

Wm. Croment 

Charles Catlin 

David Walker 

Wm. Eldridge 

Obedience Robins 
John Joes 
John Cousin 
Joseph Aboy 
Christo Massoine 
Esau Rutherfield 

Thos. Joynes(3 times)Robt. Mathison 
Augustine Hare Wm. White 

Martin Kalliamie William Bromfield 
Rich. Painebeard 

Robt. Thompson 
Barnabus Brian 
John Robins 
Wm. Savage 
John Rogers 
John Magrove 
Eliz. Baron 
John Miller 
Charles Astin 

At a court held 13 th Decb r 1660 a certificate is granted to 
Maj. John Tilney for 300 acres of land for the underwritten 


Robt. Blaine Richard Ward Humphrey Brookes 

Ann Watterson Ann Bryan Elizabeth Moore 

25 th Ffeb. 1660 Certificate to John Evans for 400 acres for 
perons underwritten 

Abraham Taylor Wm. Heinsley Thomas Turker 

Michael Hutton Henry Stoff Edw. Sanders 

Jane Webb Joseph Stanard 

Certificate to Timothy Coe for 300 acres 
Elizabeth Yorke Sarah Redder Jane Coulson 

Jane Blay Anne Smith Margaret Manes 

Certificate granted Robt. Windley for 500 acres 
John Truman Jno. Mill Robt. Hawkins 

Elizabeth Hay Tho. Grimston Jno. Harmer 

Dona More John EUzy Echo Whitby 

Simon Carrier 

Certificate granted Robt. Berace for 800 acres 
Edw. Smally Thomas Minor Joseph Hurry- 

John Smally Eliz. Reynolds Bargret Barton 

John Knight Robt. Wright Miles Gray 

Lidia Esterfield Ffrancis Eston Eliz. Vincent 

Nich. Smith 
Eliz. Johnson 
Jane Williams 
Ffrancis Eston 

Cert, granted to James Price for 40Q acres 
John Hill Mabill Jones Rich d Armstrong 

Ffrancis Jones Hannah Tice Mary Hepward 

Thos. Swindel Sarah Colue 

Cert, granted to Thos. Leatherbury 600 acres 
John Prichard John Turner Thos. Booth 

John Fisher Joaner Arraitage Eliz. Glisson 

Eliz. Neale Eliz Wade Eliz. Wright 

Francis Glisson Henry Jarvis Jeffry Smith 




Leland Blackwell — Anna Burton. Jacob Watts. 
Thomas Dickerson — Anna Wood. Jacob Watts. 
David Austen — Fanny Williams. Jacob Watts. 
Robt. W. Bell— Anne T. Schench. J. Goss. 
Wm. Martin — Margaret Snell. J. Gob's. 
Leonard Baker — Kethorah Robinson. Jere Chand er. 


Edward Breedlove — Haney Hantley. A. Brockman. 
Hudson Collier — Betsey Ham. Jacob Watts. 
James Rogers — Elizabeth Jackson. Jacob Watts. 
Thomas Marr — Sally Harvey. Geo. Bingham. 
John Bowen — Sally Seal. Geo. Bingham. 
Elisha Turner — Mary Seal. Geo. Bingham. 
Henry Wayland — Ara Melone. Geo. Bingham. 
John Clee — Catha Price. Geo. Bingham. 
Jacob Black — Nancy Cave. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Reins — Frances Eddins. Geo. Bingham. 
May Hainey — Mary Mack Runkle. Geo. Bingham. 
John Snow — Jane Burrus. Geo. Bingham. 
John Parrott — Fanny Simmons. Geo. Bingham. 
Alex. Vinniard — Polly Hensley. John Garnett. 
Wm. Blakey — Polly Branham. John Garnett. 
David Ballard — Elizabeth Huckstep. Jacob Watts. 
Milton Payne — Sarah Burton. Jacob Watts. 
Thomas Crenshaw — Nancy Parrott. Jacob Watts. 
Christian Kinzer — Mi ly Sutton. R. Jones. 

Tumely — Patsy Pound. R. Jones. 

Thos. Faulconer — Elizabeth Jones. J. Chandler. 


Rich d Jamar — Betsy Adams. J. Chandler. 
Owen Cooper — Mary Mason. J. Chandler. 
Wm. Beazeley — Susanna Graves. J. Chandler. 
Adcock Carter — Elizabeth Daniel. Philip Pendleton. 
William Rennolds — Hannah Jones. James Garnett 
Roberson Rail — Mary Ann Clark. James Garnett. 


Willis White, Jr.— Nancy Wayt. Jacob Watts 
Alex. Whitelaw — Lucy Chewning. Jacob Watts. 
John Burton — Mildred Goodridge. Jacob Watts. 
Henry Faclder — Frances Terrell. Jere. Chandler. 
John Keeton — Elzabeth Chancellor Jere. Chandler. 
Claybourne Duvall — Polly Faulconer. Jere. Chandler. 
Geo. Morris — Mary Simmonds. J. Goss. 
Nathanl Welch — Mary Mallory. Henry Fry. 
Wm. Lee — Sally Terri 1. Jere. Chandler. 
Elijah Morton — Mary G. Webb. Jere. Chandler. 
James Braxter — Sally Payne. Jere. Chandler. 
Wm. Montague — Sukey Perry. Jere. Chandler. 
Jno. B. Hawkins — Ann Ford. Jere. Chandler. 
James Terrill — Susanna Middlebrook. Jere. Chandler. 
Obediah Gregory — Nancy Lancaster. Jere. Chandler. 
James Humes — Margaret Dodd. Jere. Chandler. 
Wm. Caza — Mary Slaughter. John Garnett. 
Ephriam Yowell — Polly Eddins. John Garnett. 
David Maupin — Jerusha Davis. Geo. Bingham. 
Ezekiel Breeding — Betsy Haney. Geo. Bingham. 
John Price — Elizabeth Sims. Geo. Bingham. 
Michael Sower — Ann Gibbons. Geo. Bingham. 
Caleb Norris — Oily Harris. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Eaton — Elizabeth Duniven. Geo. Bingham. 
James Early — Sarah Caw. Geo. Bingham. 
John Shiflett — Po ly Raines. Geo. Bingham. 
Caleb Bush — Lucinda Taylor. Geo. Bingham. 
Reuben Sim — Frances Graves. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Early — Sarah Graves. Geo. Bingham. 


John Walton — Rhoda Davis. Geo. Bingham. 
George Waugh — Susan Wright. J. Goss. 
Michael Walters— Sally McFarland. J. Goss. 
John Tay — Elizabeth Sebree. J. Goss. 
Wm. Martin — Nancy Fearnyhough. J. Goss. 
John Lausly — Catherine Pitcher. Unknown. 
Daniel Quisenberry — Mary Rodes. Unknown. 


Edward Smith — Sally Bess. Unknown. 
Henry Teel — Dicey Read. Unknown. 
Alex. Musgrove — Polly Morris. Unknown. 
Zachariah Wood — Peggy Clarke. Unknown. 
Andrew Newman — Ellander Wright. Unknown. 
Thomas Clarke — Catherine R. Jameson. Unknown. 
Edmund Terrell — Ann T. Morton. Jere. Chandler. 
Braxton Ozborne — Ann Taliaferro. Isham Tatum. 
Thomas Nelson — Elizabeth Quesenberry. Jere. Chandler. 
Jonathan Atkin — Milly Quesenberry. Jere. Chandler. 
Thos. Robinson — Nancy Roach. Jere. Chandler. 
John Dixon — Lucy Rumsey. Jere. Chandler. 
Geo. Hughes — Pony Harvey. Geo. Bingham. 
John Dunn— Susanna Maupin. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Morris — Sally Roach. Geo. Bingham. 
John Sampson — Clarisa Jollett. Geo. Bingham. 
Archibald Brock — Sarah Moyers. Geo. Bingham. 
Jeremiah Bryan — Franky Long. Geo. Bingham. 
Murry Shiflett — Icy Snow. Geo. Bingham. 
John Shiflett — Frances Martin. Geo. Bingham. 
Joab Early — Elizabeth Thompson. Geo. Bingham. 
Geo. Parrott — Elizabeth Catterton. Geo. Bingham. 
Benj'n Herndon — Nancy Lucas. Geo. Bingham. 
Taverner Riddle — Mary Goodale. Geo. Bingham. 
Benj. White — Judith Twyman. Jacob Watts. 
John Mitchel — Nel y Wood. Jacob Watts. 
John Yowell — Jane Davis. John Garnett. 
Benj. Carter — Polly Daniel. Phi ip Pendleton. 


Carter Faulconer — Nancy Faulconer. Ambrose Brockman. 
James W. Mansfield — Mildred Clark. J. Goss. 
Holland Ozbourn — Sally Farneyhough. J. Goss. 


Robt. Stringfellow — Mary Plunkett. John Garnett. 
John Walker — Frances Porter. Wm. Mason. 
Jonathan Herring — Polly Hill. Wm. Mason. 
Thomas Naylor — Jane Walton. Geo. Bingham. 
James Walker — Joice Powell. Geo. Bingham. 
Isaac Lamb — Elizabeth Slater. Geo. Bingham. 
Thos. Harvey — Eleanor Goodale. Geo. Bingham. 
Sinclair Cave — Sary Anderson. Geo. Bingham. 
Isaac Gregory — Lucy Sampson. Geo. Bingham. 
Henry Lee — Fanny Lamb. Geo. Bingham. 
William Jameson — Rebecca Maupin. Geo. Bingham. 
Joshua Black — Alpha Rains. Geo. Bingham. 
Geo. Dunevant — Peggy Haney. Geo. Bingham. 
Jonathan Rogers — Frances Twyman. Geo. Bingham. 
Michael Eheart — Sarah Eheart. Hamilton Goss. 
James Perry — Jane Perry. Jere. Chandler. 
Burruss Munday — Elizabeth Crossthwait. I. Goss. 
David Whitelaw — Mary Davis. Jacob Watts. 
Clifton Rodes — Milly Ham. Jacob Watts. 
Newman Faulconer — Maria Newman. J. Goss. 
Thomas Mason — Nancy Clark. Jas. Garnett. 


Joseph Wharton — Catherine George. Wm. Mason. 
John Bledsoe — Margaret Perry. Jere. Chandler. 
Richard Becket — Jemima Kea. Geo. Bingham. 
James Goodale — Lucy Riddle. Geo. Bingham. 
James Shifflett — Milly Herrin. Geo. Bingham. 
Heland Snow — Judah T. Mallory. Geo. Bingham. 
James Lankford — Jane Martin. Geo. Bingham. 
Francis Catterton — Nancy Clarkson. Geo. Bingham. 


John Anderson — Nancy Lower. Geo. Bingham. 
Jacob Meadows — Nancy Roach. Geo. Bingham. 
Joseph B. Crooks — Kitty M. Hennesy. Jas. Garnett. 
Wm. Fisher — Margaret Faulconer. Jere. Chandler. 
John Dunaway — Polly Sutherland. Jere. Chandler. 
Benj. Quesenberry — Sally Groom. Jere. Chandler. 
Valentine Head — Elina Huckstep. Jacob Watts. 
Benj. Jones — Elizabeth Whitelaw. Jacob Watts. 
Burnes Brown — Nancy Burton. Jacob Watts. 


James Ansel — Frances Estes. Geo. Bingham. 
Zachariah Wood — Nancy Estes. Geo. Bingham. 
Bennet Shifflett— Polly Shifflett. Geo. Bingham. 
Austin Sanderidge — Ann Hall. Geo. Bingham. 
Geo. Elliott — Judith Martin. Geo. Bingham. 
Edmund P. Walton — Letice Watson. Geo. Bingham. 
James Peyton — Anna Huffman. Geo. Bingham. 
Austin Snow — Agnes Mallory. Geo. Bingham. 
Saml. Bishop — Sarah Via. Geo. Bingham. 
Armistead Long — Betty Kendal. Geo. Bingham. 
Mitchel Davis — Elizabeth Harvey. Geo. Bingham. 
John Davis — Sally Dear. Geo. Bingham. 
William Dean, Jr. — Mary Deane. Geo. Bingham. 
Wilson Balland — Sarah Goodall. Geo. Bingham. 
James Gentry — Nelly Gibson. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Black — Nancy Sebree. Geo. Bingham. 
Jas. Powell — Nancy Shelar. Geo. Bingham. 
Jeremiah Jarrel — Lucrecia Sims. Geo. Bingham. 
James Coleman — Saluda Snow. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. H. Moyers — Lucrecia Beadles. Geo. Bingham. 
Zachariah Gardner — Lucinda Martin. Geo. Bingham. 
John Shifflett— Vina Shifflet. Geo. Bingham. 
Henry Chambart — Fanny Dawson. Wm. Hawley. 
James Wallace — Mourning Oaks. Jno. C. Gordon. 
Henry Hill — Matilda Payne. Wm. Mason. 
Wm. Boswell— Mary Sleet. J. C. Gordon. 


Hugh Faulconer — Elizabeth Faulconer. J. C. Gordon. 
Wm. A. Moore— Mary Wright. J. C. Gordon. 
Geo. Wallis — Susan Hilman. J. C. Gordon. 
Thos. Hawkins — Mary Perry. J. C. Gordon. 
Charles Dane — Elizabeth Borton. Jas. Gardett. 
Wm. Hancock — Mary Bridenhart. Robt. Jones. 
James Blackwell — Elizabeth Burton. Jacob Watts. 
Philip Steel— Ann Petty. J. C. Gordon. 


Anthony Thornton — Nancy Twyman. Jacob Watts. 
Evan Davis — Polly Hilman. J. C. Gordon. 
Lawrence Sanford — Catherine Ford. J. C. Gordon. 
Fielding Jones — Mary Johnson. J. C. Gordon. 
Roddy Hawkins — Elizabeth Hawkins. J. C. Gordon. 
Rich d S. Abele — Sarah Hilman. J. C. Gordon. 
Larkin Scott — Elizabeth Faulconer. J. C. Gordon. 
John White — Lucy Adams. J. C. Gordon. 
David Williams — Elizabeth Row. J. C. Gordon. 
Micajah Jones — Susan Wright. J. C. Gordon. 
John Teel — Nancy Waugh. J. C. Gordon. 
Thos. Robinson, Jr. — Sarah Lancaster. J. C. Gordon. 
James Wood— Ann Mills. W. G. Hiter. 


Peter R. Johnson — Patsy Alcock. W. G. Hiter. 
Benjamin Jacobs — Ann Faulconer. J. C. Gordon. 
Bazil Haney — Elizabeth Dean. Geo. Bingham. 
John Wyant — Elizabeth Bangler. Geo. Bingham. 
Zachariah Crawford — Cibba Rains. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Sims — Eliza Morgan. Geo. Bingham. 
Jacob Madon — Julia Davis. Geo. Bingham. 
Mozias Jones — Frances Slaytor. Geo. Bingham. 
Fountain Goodal — Peggy Seal. Geo. Bingham. 
Richard Shifflet — Nancy Morris. Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Gibson — Elizabeth Morris. Geo. Bingham. 


Daniel M. Smith — Frances Stubblefield. Jas. Garnett. 
Nathaniel I. Welch — Viranda Newman. Jas. Garnett. 

Here ends this Marriage Register: 

The record, however, though not in register form, is continued 
in the clerk's office; too extensive for further insertion herein. 


It is much easier to "get married" in Virginia now than in the 
old days, and certainly down to the earlier years of the 17 th 
century the fees were high for that luxury, amounting to nearly 
three pounds in colonial currency — the governor and the min- 
ister receiving the lion's share. 

These fees might be commuted in tobacco at ten shillings per 
hundred, "of the growth of the parish wherein the feme lives." 
If the groom lived in a different county he had to give bond with 
security that the fees should not become a charge on the bride's 
parish, and Thomas Jefferson's marriage bond, preserved in 
the State Library, is so conditioned. No one could be married 
but according to the rubric of the book of Common Prayer, and 
if a female between twelve and fifteen years of age married 
without the consent of her parent or guardian, or the publica- 
tion of banns, she forfeited her inheritance. A free person who 
married a servant forfeited to his or her master a thousand 
pounds of tobacco or else had to serve the master or owner one 
whole year in actual service, 3. Hen. passim. 

The County records in this regard appear to a disadvantage 
when compared to the other records. The earliest date found 
is 1772, and, instead of a regular register, there is simply a list 
of marriages extending through 1779,' as set out by the record 
itself. Then begins, in 1780, a record compiled alphabetically 
from the marriage bonds down to 1800 inclusive — when a real 
"marriage register," which however seems not to include all the 


marriages, appears, which is published in full. The marriage 
bonds in the period herein embraced were in a penalty of Fifty 
dollars, and the only condition was that there was no legal im- 
pediment to the marriage. The bonds are continued after the 
"register" begins, but inasmuch as the name of the officiating 
minister is given in the register, that record has been preferred. 

Only one "license" was found that of Robert Brooking and 
Patsy Russell, issued by James Madison and certified by James 
Waddel, the "Blind preacher," 

Diligent search has failed to discover any authority in the 
"senior justice" to issue a marriage license. The signature of 
the "Blind Preacher" is remarkable for its clearaness and pen- 
manship, and it is with only one 1' that he spells his name- 

The spelling of the originals have been closely followed, 
though many of the signatures to the bonds are obscure, and in 
not a few cases the intending Benedick could only "make his 

Marriage Register. 

The Marriage Register is not complete, and this record ap- 
pears to have been kept with less care and diligence than it 
ought to have been. 

It was determined to publish it in the sequence of years, 
rather than alphabetically, thereby avoiding much detail. 

It has been found impossible to determine the denominations 
of the officiating ministers in each case; when it could be de- 
termined positively, the denomination is given, as follows: 

Minister — Denomination — 

Nathaniel Sanders Baptist 

Frederick Kobler 
Robert Jones 



Minister — 
Hamilton Goss 
Jacob Watts 
Geo. Bingham 
Wm. Calhoon 
Wm. Douglas 
Duke W. Hallum 
Jeremiah Chandler 
Isborn Tatum 
James Garnett 

Ambrose Brockman (Albemarle Co.) 
J. Goss 
John Garnett 
Philip Pendleton 
Henry Fry 
John A. Billingsby 
Wm. Mason 
Wm. Y. Hyter 
Wm. Hawley 
J. C. Gordon 


Meth. Episc. 


Meth. Episc. 




Notes from the Records of Brunswick County. 

Deed, 1733, to Batt Peterson of Brunswick. 

Inventory of personal estate of Mr. Thomas Godwyn, deceased, 1733 


Deed, June 6, 1734, from Hodges Godwyn, brother and heir of Thomas 
Godwyn of Brunswick, deceased, to Robert Munford of Prince George 

Deed, 1735, to Timothy Rives of Brunswick. 

Deed, July 1735, from Cornelius Cargill of Brunswick. 

Deed, Sept. 1734, from John Goodwyn of Surry to William Shands of 

Will of Henry Wyche of Brunswick; sons Henry and William, daughter 
Abigail Brewer (sonsWm. and Henry were under IS), daughter Elizabeth 
Proved March 4, 1740. 

Will of William Maclin.Sr., sons James, William and John; daughter 
Ann Lanier and her son Thomas Lanier, daughter Judith McKnight 
Dated Jan. 29, 1751; proved March 26, 1751. 

Will of Sterling Clack; all estate to loving friend, John Lightfoot, Esq., 
intrustfor testator's wife and children; in case of Lightfoot's death, to 
John Clack and Lewis Parham in trust for same purpose. Dated Jan. 
1750. Codicil, dated Jan. 9, 1751. His manor plantation with 1000 acres 
adjoining and the lands and houses where the Court House stands, to his 
son Eldridge Clack. Proved March 26, 1751 . 

Inventory of Thomas Lanier, 1751. 

Will of John Lightfoot, 1751 (Printed this Magazine VII, 398.) 

Inventory of Walter Campbell (1751 or 1752) including 8 vols. Specta- 
tors £1.6; 1 Roy's Wisdom of God 4sh.6d., 2 vols, ye Guardian 8sh. a 
parcel of books £2. 

Will of Samuel Chamberlain, 1752, daughter Elizabeth Lanier &c. 

Inventory of Sterling Clack, 1751 (.Printed in this Magazine VII, 61.) 

Will of Peter Wyche, dated Sept. 29, 1756, proved 1757; sons Henry, 
George and Drury, daughter Lucy Wyche, daughters Rebecca and Ann 
Wyche, wife Alex. Wyche. 

Will of James Clack, 1757 (Printed in this Magazine VIII, 61.) 

Inventory of personal estate of Littleton Tazewell, March 1758, £1341. 

Will of Metcalfe Dickerson, son Tarpley Dickerson, daughter Betty 
Dickerson, wife Winifred, dated April 1754, proved May 1753. 


Inventory of Sampson Lanier, deceased, 1758. 

Will of Joseph Massie, son John, land in Brunswick, daughter Sarah 
Avent, daughter Amy A vent, daughter Rebecca Wise, Agnes 
Richardson, son Joseph laid where said Joseph (Jr) lives, sons Thomas 
and James, daughters Winifred, Lucy, Betty and Frances, wife Elizabeth, 
granddaughter Sharlott Massie, dated August 19, 1760, proved May 26, 

Will of William Lee, grandson Peter Lee, son William Lee, daughters 
Elizabeth, Ann, Rebecca, and Amy, wife, William Barror, and Henry 
Lee executors. Dated Aug. 3, 1759, proved May 1761. 

Will of James Maclin, daughter Leah Wyche, granddaughter Eliza- 
beth, brother John Maclin, grandaughter Mary Maclan, son James. 
Dated March 1767, proved Sept. 1769. 

Will of Mildred Willis of "Beddingfieldhall," Brunswick, daughter 
Sarah Willis, daughter Elizabeth Willis, sons John, Augustine, Francis, 
Richard and Lewis Willis. Dated Oct. 24, 1769, proved Feb. 27, 1769. 

Will of John Willis, gent., of "Bedden Fields Hull" [The name of this 
place was "Beddingfleld Hall."] 

All estate to wife, she to divide it among their children. Dated Nov. 
7, 1764, proved Jan. 16, 1769. 

Will of William Short, Sr., sons William and Jacob, granddaughter 
Rebecca Abernathy, wife, proved Oct., 1769. 

Will of John Nevison, sons John, William, Littleton and Robert, wife 
Ann. Wife, Allan Love and John Tazewell executors. Dated April 1768 
proved Nov. 1769. 

Will of Charles Gordon, wife Ann and children. Dated Sept. 1769, 
proved No. 1769. 

Will of John Gordon (x), very sick; wife Elizabeth, son Charles, daugh- 
ter Mary, dated Feb. 1769, proved Nov. 1769. 

Will of Gronow Owen; wife Jona, sons Robert, Richard Brown, Gronow 
and John Loyd Owen. Dated July 3, 1769, proved March 26, 1770. 

Will of Anne Massey, "being old and low of estate and health," son 
John Massey, son Richard Massey's eldest son, son JRichard Massey, 
daughter Martha Moore, daughter Tabitha Massey, sons William and 
Hezekiah Massey, daughter Sarah Jones. Dated May 8, 1770, proved 
Oct. 22, 1770. 

Will of Brazure Cocke, wife Frances, son William, son Thomas Cocke's 
children, daughter Elizabeth Holt, granddaughter Elizabeth Holt, 
daughter Fanny wife of John Oliver, daughter Mary Anderson, daughter 
Susanna Coleman, daughter Ann Chich, son James Cocke deceased; 
daughter Martha Cocke, dated Sept. 20, 1766, proved Oct. 20, 1770. 

Will of Nathaniel Edwards, father Nathaniel Edwards, sister Mary- 
Ridley, sister Rebecca Edwards, brother Benjamin Edwards, sister 
Elizabeth Edwards, brother Isaac Edwards. Dated Aug. 1762, proved 
Feb. 1771. 


Will of Drury Stitb, proved Sept. 19, 1770. 

Will of William Brodnax, wife Anne, refers to such part of the estate of 
Stephen Dewey as should appear to belong to the said Wm. Brodnax by 
Dewey's will, dated June 10, 1762: — Children-Refers to a former will — To 
brother Edward Brodnax a tract of land now in the possession of Wm. 
Brodnax of Dinwiddie County, Son-in-law William Evans. John Brod- 
nax [ # copy torn], and William Brodnax executors. Dated April 22, 1770, 
proved March 25, 1771. 

Will of Col. Nathaniel Edwards, wife Jane, wife's children by her for- 
mer husband Henry Haynes, son Isaac Edwards, daughters Anne and 
Sarah Edwards, daughter Mary Ridley, daughter Elizabeth Willis, 
daughter Rebecca Jones, son William Edwards. Dated April 29, 1771, 
proved July 22, 1771. 

Inventory of JohnNevison, Dec. 6, 1769, £1947.14.2, including 174 vols 
books, largely divinity, Greek, Latin, &c, valued at £28.6.4. 

Will of George Rives, sons Benjamin, William and Francis Rives, wife, 
daughters Elizabeth Massey, and Ann Peeples. Dated Dec. 19, 1762, 
proved J an. 25, 1773. 

Inventory of Thomas Harrison, William Harrison administrator 
£86.6.7, June 25, 1772. 

Will of Judith Thweatt, daughter Mary Brown, refers to deceased hus- 
band John Thweatt, daughter Elizabeth Birchett, granddaughter Fran- 
ces Brown, granddaughter Mary Goodwin, son-in-law Wm. Brown, 
daughter Judith Goodwin, James Goodwin executor. Dated Oct. 12, 
1770, proved June 28, 1773. 

Will of Robert Read of Essex County, refers to father William Read, 
deceased, — sisters Ann and Mary Read, brothers John and Lewis Read, 
sister Susannah Mathis, William, son of James Quarles, Thomas son of 
James Quarles. Dated Oct. 25, 1766, proved in Brunswick Jan. ,26 1774. 

Inventory of Philip Penn, Sept. 1773. 

Will of Capt. JohnMaclin, confirms to son Frederick all property given 
him same; to son s J ohn and Thomas, son-in-law Matthew Parham, son-in- 
law James Maclin, son William, daughter Amy Morton, daughter Susan- 
nah Maclin. Dated Mune 1771, proved Nov. 28, 1774. 

Will of James Harrison, wife, daughters Rebecca and Dolly Harrison 
Thomas Harrison, wife and Thomas Harrison executors. Dated March 
16, 1762, proved May 24, 1762. 

Will of Mary Clack, son John Clack, son William Clack, son-in-law 
Robert Ruffin, refers to deceased husband, grandson Eldridge Clack, 
dated April 23, 1763, proved May 23, 1763. 

Will of Joseph Harrison, daughter Nancy Chappell, son William Harri- 
son, son Daniel Harrison, son Benjamin Harrison, son Simmons Harrison, 
daughter Patty Harrison, wife Elizabeth. Dated March 8, 1763, proved 
May 28, 1763. 


Inventory of Joseph Harrison, Sept. 1763, £573.19.9. 

Will of Col. Henry Embry, wife Martha, son Henry, daughter Mary 
Embry, granddaughter Mary Embry, daughter of Henry, granddaughter 
Sarah Embry, daughter of MaryMariott, grandson Hen ryMariott grand- 
daughter Martha Elliott, granddaughter Ermin Embry, grandson Wm. 
Embry son of Wm. Embry, deceased, date July 14, 1762, proved Sept. 
26, 1763. 

Will of William Read, dated Dec. 31, 1762, proved Feb. 27, 1764, sons 
Thomas and Robert, daughter Frances Stone, daughter Catherine 
Quarles, Elizabeth Read, Susannah Matthews, John, Ann, Mary and 
Lewis Read, wife Elizabeth, Robert Read and James Quarles, executors. 

Inventory of Col. Drury Stith, including 2 pictures £1, 2 maps £1, a 
fiddle and case £1.10. Total value personal estate £2176.18.7., June 

Will of Harrison Rives, dated Jan. 1776, proved Jan. 1776, cousin Ben- 
jamin Rives, brother William Rives' children. 

Will of Howell Briggs, wife .daughter Betsy, nephew Jesse son of Thom- 
as Briggs, Father-in-law Mr. John Quarles. 

Will of William Moseley, dated November 1771, proved August 1776 
son Levy Moseley, wife, children. 

Will of Dr. John Irby, dated Aug. 1746, proved Aug. 1747, wife Anne 

Will of Sampson Lanier, dated Jan. 1742-3, proved May 1743, sons 
Thomas, Sampson and Richard, daughter Elizabeth Burch, son Lemuel. 

Will of Thomas Lanier, dated Aug. 1745, proved Nov. 1745, sons Jacob, 
William, Drury and Benjamin, wife Ann. 

Will of Ann Brodnax dated Sept. 29, 1788, proved March 23, 1789. son 
John Brodnax and his daughter Martha Kennon Brodnax, son William 
Edward Brodnaxfamong other things gave him the family portraits and, 
the money due her from his deceased father's estate), grandsons John and 
William Brodnax Wall, son Thomas Hall Brodnax, daughter Elizabeth 
Evans, daughter Ann Jackson, daughter Mary Smith, grandsons Henry 
and William Brodnax Power, John Power. 

Will of Gabriel Harrison (x) sons Nathaniel and James, daughter Jane 
Harrison, dated June 1779, proved Nov. 22, 1779. 

Will of William Harrison, dated Nov. 10, 1785, proved Feb. 27, 1786, 
daughter Ann Marshall, daughter Martha Lashley, sons Henry and 

Will of Henry Harrison, dated April 14, 1786, proved June 21, 1786, 
daughter Mary Harrison, sons John and Peter Harrison. Major Binns 
Jones and Mary Williams executors. 

Will of Jonah Harrison (x her mark), dated Aug. 15, 1780, proved Feb. 
26, 1787; daughter Jane Cate, son Gronow Owen, son Robert Brown Owen. 

Will of Benjamin Harrison, Sr., dated Dec. 29, 1789, proved Jan. 25,- 
1790, son Thomas, daughter Rita Cooke, daughter Hannar Reas, son 


Benjamin, daughter Elizabeth Bainam, daughter Rebecca Hicks, daugh- 
ter Tabitha Collier, daughter Nancy Hicks, granddaughter Judith 
Banier, granddaughter Elizabeth P. Hicks, sou TheDphilus, grandson 
Robert Harrison, son James. 

Will of William Harrison, dated Feb. 9, 1791, proved Feb. 23, 1 791, wife 
Patty, Polly Mayjor Harrison. 

Will of Benjamin Harrison (x), dated March IS, 177G, proved, Oct. 27, 
1791, brother Nathaniel Harrison. 

Will of Mary Lighttoot, dated May 14, 17S3, proved Oct. 21, 17S5, 
daughters Patty, Sally, Elmire and Becky Lightfoot, sons Philip an 

Will of Nicholas Lanier (x), dated April 1788, proved May 1792, son 
Clement, daughters Sarah Bailey and Mary Crowder, son-indaw Samuel 

Will of Richard Clack, dated Jan. 2, 1806, proved Jan. 27, 1835, daugh- 
ter Eliza Parsons Clack, wife Amy, son Frederick Maclin Clack, six 
youngest children. 

Will of Carter Harrison, dated Sept. 6, 1802, proved Jay 21, 1806 
brother James and Benjamin Harisson, refers to deceased father James 

Will of Daniel Harrison, dated Oct. 19, 1803, proved Oct. 23, 1899, sons 
John and Richard, daughter Nancy Towns, son Samuel, wife Mary. 

Will of William Harrison (x), dated Oct. 1814, proved Nov. 1814, wife 
Elizabeth, daughters Caty and Nancy. 

Will of William Edwards, dated March 1781, proved March 1731, sons 
Thomas, Nathaniel, Gray, Benjamin and John, grandson James Edwards. 

Deed March 1781 from Harmon Harrison and Salley (x), his wife. 

Will of Burwell Thweatt, dated Feb. 1781, proved Aug. 1731, Patty 
Thweatt, daughter of Burwell Thweatt, of Dinwiddie Co., "my mother" 
Mary Thweatt. 

Deed, 1781, from Buckner Stith, of Brunswick Co Va., to Thomas Eaton 
Esq., of Warren Co., N. C, in consideration of said Thomas Eaton's 
marriage with Anne, daughter of the said Stith. 

Inventory of Philip G. Mallory, 1825. 

Deed, 1744, from Benjamin Harrison of Surry Co., and Nathaniel 
Harrison of Prince George, to John Willis of Gloucester (for £663.1.6, 
sterling), 3265 acres in Brunswick on both sides of the Tnree Creeks, also 
625 acres on the south side of the little creek of the Three Creeks, also 
400 acres or the south side of the Three Creeks, also 130 acres on the 
north side of Meherrin River, also 201 acres in Brunswick on Uriah's 

Will of Joh Claiborne, dated March 1, 1803, proved Dec. 26, 1808, son 
James Burnett Claiborne, brother Philip Claiborne and Devereaux Jarrett 
Claiborne executors. 


Will of William Edward Brodnax, dated June 4, 1826, proved March 
18, 1831, wife Sarah Brodnax, son Robert all that tract of land he (Rob- 
ert) lives on or Dan River and Cascade Creek, containing 2664 acres, on 
his paying £1000 to my estate; to son William Frederick the lands I 
bought of Frederick Jones, James Rob'rson and Joseph Winfield and also 
1000 acres at the lower end of my Saura Town tract; son Edward Travis 
the remainder of my Saura Town tract; son Alexarder the land I live on, 
and the land adjoining Joseph Percival's estate, which I purchased of J. 
Ruffin; also 10 shares in the Roanoke Navigation; to daughter Betty 
Eppes Wilson all my tract of land in Rockingham County, N. C, bought 
of Thomas Winsser, also 6000 dollars; daughter Ann Brodnax tract of land 
bought of Benjamin and Nathaniel Harrison, and also 100 acres of the 
tract called Thomas Harrison's tract; remainder of said tract to be sold 
Remainder of estate equally between six children. May 4, 1820. 
Codicil; to son William F. ; all that tract (Poplar Creek) where he formerly 
lived, provided he pay my executors 5000 dollars, and also give him all the 
Saura Town plantation. To Alexander the land purchased of L. Robins 
son's heirs, and all stocks on plantations given him, and all furniture &c 
(except the family portraits which I have promised to R. Brodnax). 
Daughter Anna all work horses or plantation purchased of Benjamin 

Appraisment of estate of W. E. Brodnax, April 5, 1832 
Cash on hand $8,248.59 

Bonds and open accounts $14,911.12 

Land directed by will to be sold 916.50 

Negroes not previously distributed (91) 

Stock, and furniture in residence not previously given 635.00 
Stocks of all kinds, provisions, plantation implements 755.66 

Cotton on hand 125.00 

Marriage Bonds. 

Thomas Maclin and Julia Edwards, daughter of Lucy Edwards, July 
14, 1800. 

Edward Pegram and Julia Harper, June 24, 1799. 

John Stith of King George, and Susanna, daughter of Lucy Meade, 
June 24, 1799. 

George Feild and Eliza B. Stith, June 15, 1800. 

William Harrison and Nelly Holloway, June 5, 1801. 

Charles Harrison and Betsy Gladish, May 3, 1801. 

Nathaniel Harrison and Rebecca Cooke, May 25, 1801. 

Henry Robinson and Mary Clack, Sept. 30, 1772. 

Col. John Maclin and Ann Cryer, widow, March 29, 1773. 

Timothy Rives and Priscilla Turner, Dec. 20, 1772. 

Samuel Garland and Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Edmunds, May 
27, 1771. 


Rolfe Eldridge and Susannah, daughter of George Walker, Nov. 26 
1773 (consent of George Walker, witnessed by Courtney Walker). 

Andrew Meade, of Nansemond, and Susannah, daughter of Buckner 
Stith [date omitted, 1773?]. 

Samuel Edmunds and Betsy Saunders, April 18, 1794. 

Robert Harrison and Elizabeth, daughter of Blumer White, Nov. 17. 

Joseph Maclin and Nancy Walker, Aug. 22, 1794. 

Thomas Lanier and Polly Vaughan, Aug. 22, 1794. 

Burwell Lanier (x) and Elizabeth Pipper, Aug. 22, 1794. 

Edward Branch and Sally, daughter of Mary Goodrich, June 24, 1794 

Thomas Cocke and Elizabeth Willis, March 21, 1775. 

Henry Lanier (x) and Tobitha Eaves, May 25, 1774. 

William Cocke and Mary Maclin, March 24, 1772. 

Shirley Edmunds and Ermine Simmons, Nov. 28, 1774. 

Benjamin Lanier and Elizabeth Parker, Nov. 25, 1771. 

Thomas Edmunds and Sarah Eldridge, Nov. 25, 1771. 

Benjamin Harrison and Patty Jones, December 1787. 

James Blick and Catherine Lanier, Aug. 27, 1787. 

Harrison Randolph and Mary Jones, Sept. 7, 1787. 

George Woodlief and Katherine Clayton, Sept. 24, 1787. 

Nicholas Lanier and Patsey, daughter of George Malone, Dec. 12, 1787. 

[Margin of note torn] x x he [ or a ] [n Cocke, and Anne, daughter of Rich- 
ard Hardy, x x x 17, 1787. 

Caddy [?] Harrison and Elizabeth daughter of Arthur Harrison, Jan. 
29, 1778. 

William Blunt and Ann, daughter of John Gilliam, Oct. 14, 1778. 

Roger Mallory, Jr. and Tabitha Baugh, Dec. 24, 1778. 

Drury Stith and Fanny, daughter of Allen Love, Sept. 22, 1788. 

William Mallory and Sarah Atkins, May 24, 1786. 

Richard Clack and Anne Hardaway, Sept. 14, 1786. 

William Gray, of Southampton, and Mary, daughter of Henry Led- 
better [date omitted, but 1786 or 1787]. 

Thomas Read and Nancy, daughter of James Quarles, Feb. 20, 1787. 

Benjamin Goodrich and Tabitha Hicks, May 25, 1789. 

Clement Read and Clarissa, daughter of Thomas Edmunds, March 
27, 1789. 

Richard Clack and Amey Maclin, June 3, 1794. 

Henry A. Watkins and Ann Edmunds, May 6, 1794. 

Edmund Lanier and Patsy Walton, Aug. 26, 1793. 

William H. Harrison and Anne Williams, Nov. 25, 1811. 

Richard Curd, and Nancy daughter of Berij. Harrison, Oct. 12, 1795. 

Richard Eppes and Sarah Mathis, Nov. 22, 1795. 

James Wyche, of Albemarle parish, Sussex, and Sarah Maclin, of 
Brunswick, Jan. 21, 1755. 


Matthew Parham, Jr. and Rebecca Maclin, Nov. 25, 1755. 

Samuel Dawson, of Amelia, and Martha, daughter of Thomas Jones, 
Jan. 16, 1756. 

Joseph Jones and Ann Jones, widow, May '16, 1756. 

Robert Lanier and , daughter of John Jackson, Nov. 9, 1754. 

John Cook (with consent of his father Henry Cook) and Betty Brown 
Sept. 25, 1759. 

John Nivison and Anne Tazewell, "an infant," June 23, 1757. 

Silvanus Stokes and Temperance, daughter of George Clarke, Aug. 
24, 1756. 

William Clack and Betty Twitty, Oct. 16, 1757. 

William Harrison and Ann Major, May 7, 1759. 

Henry Taylor, of Southampton, and Temperance, daughter of John 
Peterson, Dec. 28, 1758. 

James Day Ridley and Mary Edwards, Sept. 25, 1758. 

Robert Ruffin, of Surry, and Molly Lightfoot, widow, Sept. 6, 1751. 

Benjamin Rives and Bethea Rosser, widow, May 1791. 

Claiborne Anderson, of Chesterfiled, and Betty Clack, July 24 1753 
(consent of Richard Eppes, Anderson's guardian.) 

Robert Wynne, of Surry, and Mary Phillipson, Aug. 9, 1753. 

William Stith and Catherine Stith, Sept. 14, 1756. 

William Maclin, Jr. and Sarah Clack, Sept. 25, 1754. 

William Cocke and Sarah Edwards, July 23, 1754. 

John Harrison and Cressy Steed, Dec. 14, 1779. 

William Thornton and Sarah, daughter of Edward Goodrich, Feb. 
16, 1774. 

Richard Cocke, and Mary, daughter of Richard Whitehead, May 1769. 

Armistead Burwell, and Mary, daughter of Robert Tunrbull, Dec. 10, 

Robert Lanier and Nancy Harrison, Nov. 24, 1800. 

John R. Mason and Sarah H. Cargill, Feb. 9, 1799. 

William Harrison and Elizabeth Tillman, March 2, 1799. 

John Harrison and Dorothy Hancock, Nov. 5, 1799. 

Nathaniel Harrison and Martha K. Brodnax, March 25, 1799. 

Augustus W. Maclin and Polly James, Nov. 10, 1799. 

Wills Etc. 

Inventory of Alexander Brodnax, 63 slaves, a parcel of books, &c. 

Will of Alexander Brodnax, dated Feb. 1832, proved March 1832, wife 
Rebecca a plantation in Mecklenburg, called The Hermitage, with 
stocks etc., for life after her death to his children. 

Will of Rebecca A. Brodnax, dated May 1842, proved Oct. 1842, child- 
ren, Wm. Edward Brodnax, Sally Jones Brodnax, and Alexander John 
Brodnax, Brother John L. Wilkins, Jr. 


Henry Timberlake. 

(Contributed by A. J. Morrison, Hampden-Sidney, Va.) 

Henry Timberlake was no author, but his book should be better known, 
entitled Memoirs of Lieutenant Henry Timberlake (who accompanied 
the three Cherokee Indians to England in the year 1702) ***** 
London: Printed for the author 1765. This small volume of 160 printed 
pages — there is a curious appendix in cipher, the journal of a French 
officer killed by the Innians — forms the plain statement of services ren- 
dered in an irregular way ana therefore perhaps charity honored by 
money award. For at least twenty years after 1762, it must be admitted, 
the bountiful British exchequer was tempting enough to many Americans. 

Timberlake says that he was born in Virgi | ia and received almost as 
good an education as the country could afford. His father dying when 
young Timberlake was in his teens and leaving no large estate, the boy 
looked out for employment as a soldier. In 1758 he was given an ensigncy 
and a cornetcy in Colonel Byrd's regiment. In 1759 he was with General 
Stanwix. In 1761 orders came to him at Fort Bird, sixty miles east of 
Pittsburg, to report for Cherokee business in the Holston river country. 
Colonel Byrd had been placed in command of this expedition, but at the 
celebrated Stahlnaker's Colonel Byrd "returned down the country," by 
which the command devolved on Colonel Stephen." Here is one vexed 
point made plain. Colonel Stephen kept on with his command to the 
Great Island of Holston, commonly called Long Island. There a fort 
was begun and was nearly finished the middle of November 1761 when 
head men came in from Kanagatucko the nominal King of the Cherokees 
requesting a peace conference or talk, as the Cherokee styled it. Novem- 
ber 19th a peace was fixed up. Then the Indians asked that some officer 
of Colonel Stephen's family might be sent among their towns down river 
as a demonstration of good will. The Colonel felt a delicacy about 
ordering anybody on such a risky errand, so Timberlake volunteered to 
go. Later, Timberlake having no papers to show in the matter, the Earl 
of Egremont treated him rather shabbily. Delegations of Indian chiefs 
had become no novelty in London by the year 1762 — General Oglethorpe 
and others had taken over a good many of them. 

Timberlake thought it well to learn the navigation down Holston and 
up Tennessee to the Cherokee towns. He went from Long Island to 
Chota by boat. McCormack went along as interpreter and Sumpter as 
sergeant. Sumpter was of Lieutenant Timberlake's party to see King 
George upon the throne across the ocean. Getting into the Tennessee 
River, Timberlake made careful observations and drew off a map which 
he had printed as the frontispiece to his book — an excellent sketch map 
from the great Island of Tennessee up as far as Talasse. This chart 
settles another point neatly and definitely. A little way from the 
Tellico river stood what was left of Fort Loudoun, on the south bank of 


Tennesse. A few miles below stood Chota, the chief town of the Chero- 
kee, and across the river Tennessee, on the north bank, were the remains 
of a fort, described by Timberlake thus — "a fort built by the Virginians 
in 1756 and soon after destroyed by the Indians." So the Virginians 
built their fort opposite Chota, and the South Carolinians built their 
Fort Loudoun five or six miles down stream. [This Magazine, April 1918, 
p. 203 — "the Question of Fort Loudoun.") 

Timberlake smoked amicably and diplomaticaly through the five and 
more towns up as far as Talasse. Then setting off for Williamsburg by the 
East Tennessee and Southwest Virginia road (as we say), Ostenaco 
called also Judd's Friend or the Judge, would not be denied, and Lieuten- 
ant Timberlake discreetly took him and two other head men of the towns 
to Williamsburg and the Governor. At Williamsburg Mr. Horrocks of 
the College had Timberlake and the three to supper. Ostenaco saw a 
picture of King George at Mr. Horrocks's and protested that he must go 
see the King himself. That is how the Lieutenant and the three and 
Sergeant Sumpter happened to go to London. They got back home be- 
fore the near year 1764, not very well pleased with their London times. 
There is more in the book, but the book is small and should be read in 
full. It is hoped a copy can be found in Virginia. 

There was a Henry Timberlake, Colonel of Louisa troops in the Revolu- 
tion. On examination it appears that Lieutenant Timberlake had been 
duly recommended to the Board of Trade by Governor Fauquier. See 
the Governor's Letter of May 1, 1762 in Journals House of Burgesses 
17 -65.61,. XVII — "I am conscious, my Lords, that such quests are 
troublesome to His Maj'ty's Ministers, but it appears to me to be of so 
much moment to the peace and interest of the Colonies, that I hope I 
shall stand excused for taking this step. The Indians will be accompanied 
by Mr. Timberlake an Ensign in our Regiment, who has been in the 
Cherokee Overhill Towns, and is much respected by the Indians; he went 
from our camp down Holston's River and up the Tennessee and has found 
it navigable for Batteaus which draw 10 or 12 inches water, all the way, 
by which we find that we have a good convenience for men, stores, or 
merchandise into the very heart of their country. He has made a 
draught of the courses and bearings of the River, a fair copy of which is 
by my order preparing for Sir Jeffery Amherst." Timberlake. had this 
good map and his book printed off in 1763, when he went to London a 
second time., partly on a business venture with Mr. Truehaeart of Hanover 
County. Who was Timberlake'? . Mr. Kakoanthropos, the man, he 
says, that stood so much in his way with Lord Egremont. 

Notes on the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. 

Volume 3 of Documentary History of New York, Albany 1850, contains 
as its frontispiece "Champlain's May of New France, 1632." This map 


snows the greater portion of the present Canada, the present New Eng- 
lann States; a portion of the middle Western States; and the Eastern and 
Southern States as far south as Albermarle Sound in North Carolina, 
The Chesapeake Bay with the principal rivers which flow into it is shown, 
but the names of the rivers are not given. 

This map clearly and certainly proves the fact that the Shenandoah 
Valley of Virginia had been visited, and to some extent explored, as early 
as 1632, because the course of Shenandoah River is designated. On the 
map to the junction of that stream with the Potomac at present Harper's 
Ferry, W. Va. 

The Peaked Mountain five east of the present Harrisonburg, Va. is 
shown on the map, and also the peak which terminates the Massanutten 
range near present Strasburg, Va. 

,0n page 18 of the work mentions a table is printed giving the names o f 
the more important places on the map. Among them Jamestown, Va., 
and pages 1-18 contain an account of Champlain's expeditions. As he 
makes no statement to the effect that he visited Virginia in person, it is 
probable that Champlain gained his knowledge of the Shenandoah Valley 
from Jesuit Missionaries, the members of which Society are so active at 
a later time in exploring the Mississippi Valley. And it is highly prob- 
able that these missionaries were the first white men to view and explore 
the Valley of Virginia. Charlesf E. Kemper. 

Staunton, Va., Dec. 8, 1919. 

Judge John Catron of the United States Supreme Court. 

By Boutwell Dunlap. 

In the pamphlet lists of Germans and those of German 'descent who 
have been distinguished in American history, widely distributed by 
German propaganda during the war, I never saw a publication which 
mentioned John Catron, Justice of the United States Supreme Court, 
1837-1865, who attained one oi the highest political and judicial ranks of 
any one of German origin in the new world. Another member of the 
Catrons sat in the United States Senate. It is not frequent a family 
produces two men, one a United States Supreme Court justice and the 
other a United States Senator. Nor have the Germans in America, 
generally speaking, possessed political genius nor been to the fore in 
political life. Writers on the German element in Virginia seem not to 
have known or ignored this strain of Catrons. Because of the foregoing 
and Justice John Catron has been called a native of Pennsylvania by the 
United States Supreme Court, although in fact a native of Virginia, I 
select from my notes and collections on the trans-Alleghany movement 
what I have on his antecedents. My Mss. contains letters from United 


States Senator T. B. Catron of New Mexico and other m3-nb?rs of the 
family and a copy ol a sworn declaration for a Revolutionary pension 
under the act of 1832. 

Staufle or StufHe Catron — the first two names being German contrac- 
tions or Christopher — was born in Germany, probably about 1734. 
Previous to his coming to America, he lived in Holland. Justic John 
Catron stated a short time before his death to Mrs. C. C. Childress of 
St. Louis, an adopted daughter of one of the Catrons, that Stuffle or 
Christopher Catron lived about thirty miles from Rotterdam. 

In 1764, he came with his wife, Susanna , and several children, 

to Pennsylvania. In 1766, he moved to the then Augusta, now Mont- 
gomery county, Virginia. Stuffie Catron was the father of at least the 
following: Peter Catron, Adam Catron, Jacob Catron, Solomon Catron, 
Frank Catron, Christopher Catron, Crisley Catron, Catherine Catron . 
Some of the Catrons were out in Dunmore's war. In the 18th century in 
Virginia, the name was sometimes spelled Kettering, as shown in the 
case, Pierce's heirs vs. Catron's heirs, before the Supreme Court of Vir- 
ginia in 1810. Some branches of the family now spell the name Katron 
and some spell it Cattron. 

Peter Catron, son of the immigrant and seemingly the oldest child, 
was born in 1754 and moved in 1788 to what is now Grayson county, Vir- 
ginia. In 1804, he removed to Wayne county, Kentucky. His son, 
Justice John Catron, was born in the now Grayson county, Virginia. On 
the death of the Justice, memoranda in 70 United States Reports ix, 
states he was born in Pennsylvania. This is untrue. Justice Catron 
in 1858 wrote a brother of United States Senator T. B. Catron that he, 
the Justice, was born in Grayson county, Virginia. 

Jacob Catron, son of the immigrant, married Goast. Their 

son, Christopher Catron, born in Wythe county, Virginia, married Famy 
Jones, daughter of Minitree Jones. Their son, John Catron, born in 
White county, Tennessee, in 1812, married Mary Fletcher, native of 
Montgomery county, Virginia, daughter of James Fletcher and Margaret 
Patterson, and were the parents of T. B. Catron, United States senator 
from New Mexico. 

Peter Catron, father ot the Justice, in 1834, applied for a Revolutionary 
pension. The veteran's sworn declaration made in order to obtain it, 
recites some ot the early Revolutionary movements in Southwest Vir- 
On this 22 day of January 1834, personally appeared Peter Catron t 
Before me Roger Oatts a justice of the peace for Wayne County, Ken- 
tucky, who is a resident of Wayne Co., Kentucky, aged 83 years old 
who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the 
following Declaration in order to obtain the Benefit of the Act of Con- 
gress passed June 7th 1832. The said Peter Catron states that he was 
a volunteer as a private malitia man in the State of Virginia Mont- 


gomery County for three months in the year 1776, about the last of May 
or the first of June, the precise time not now Recollected, upon a Draft 
from the State of Virginia, as he understood. My captains name was 
Walter Crocket and my Lieutenant's name I think was William Camp- 
bell. But, the ensign not now recollected we first met & Rendez- 
voused on Walkers creek and thence marched and Ranged thro the 
country from the head waters of Clinch River & Blue Stone, thence 
over and on the Waters of Sandy River & Guiandotte, principally 
against the Shawne Indians, in and on the frontiers, all the country on 
the frontiers in that quarter being forted and Indians very troublesome . 
But in this tour we had no engagement in our Ranging after the Indians. 
They in some way eluding us We had no superior officers, our tour being 
out and the Indians becoming less troublesome we were discharged 
By our captain & officers But not in writing. We were almost naked i 
and suffered much fatigue & Hardship. Having served the said three 
months tour, some short time after I returned home A call and Draft 
was again called for By authority of the State of Virginia to protect the 
people of Houlston from the incursions of the Cherokee Indians who 
was very troublesome. I again volunteered, I think on the 15 or 16 of 
July after in 1777 under an ensign his Chr istian name not now recollected 
as a private, & Ranged for three months And we marched Ranged & 
scoured the country rom the head waters of Houlston & Clinch Rivers 
Backwards & forwards in constant service. In this tour we had no 
engagement — But requently saw the sign and hail of the Indians who 
were thought to be pretty thick. Having actually served our three 
months tour provisions hard to get, the Indians less troublesome, we 
were discharged by our ensign the officers. But not in writing and we 
returned home much fatigued. 

In the month of January or February the year 1878 [sic] the day not 
now distinctly recollected But some short time before the Treaty 
volunteered as a Ranger from the State of Virginia and from the County 
of Montgomery as a private from a call of the State of Virginia under 
Captain John Stepehens under a cail for three or 6 months tour this 
Deponent does not know recollect which But he is inclined to think for 
6 months tour, Having no General officers we first rendezvoused at the 
head of Reed creak, and marched and Ranged in a Direction to a fort 
on Clinch River called the Rye cove, and then we were stationed guard- 
ing In the fort a considerable time, we then ranged in a Direction to the 
Cumberland gap. We ranged to Martins Station in Powels valley we 
were then met by another company of Ranger's under Captain J. Martin 
we then Ranged and Marched back to the Rye cove, where we were 
first stationed where we found the Indians had killed several persons 
just before our return. Shortly after a Treaty, was about to take place 
Between the Cherokee Indians & Governor Preston & Col. Shelby, our 
company ot Rangers, was ordered and Marched to the Treaty on long 


island on the Houlston River, and we remained there on guard until 
the Treaty was made, several other companies meeting there. After 
the Treaty was made, we were all discharged in our company but not 
in writing by our Captain. & we returned home to the County of 
Montgomery in the State of Virginia, Having actually served six 
months in this tour amounting to 12 months in my three tours for which 
I Respectfully claim compensation, as a private under the aforesaid 
law of Congress. The said Peter Catron knows of no person in this 
country now living, by whom he can prove his aforesaid Revolutionary 
services. & the said Peter Catron cannot Read the English Language 
am old & infirm was born in the year 1754 in Germany, came to Penn- 
sylvania, with my Father Stuffle Catron in the year 1761 and in the 
year 1766 removed to Montgomery county State of Virginia and re- 
mained there untill the year 1804 and then Removed to Wayne county 
Ky. where I now live and have lived about 29 years ****** 

Notes from Princess Anne County. 
(Concluded from xxiv, 4l6.) 

Will of Sampson Trevethan, of the town of Plymouth, Cornwall, gent, 
dated May 17, 1726, proved Oct. 1, 1729. To be buried in the parish 
church of Madderne. Legatees: wife Katherine (including £400 due him 
on a mortgage by James Keigwyn, of Mousehole in said county) and 
after her death to his two daughters he left in Virginia, Mary and Ann 
Trevethan. To wife a messuage in Madderne called Shoals House m 
To William Gwavas Esq. and Gregory Trigwitha, tanner, both of Penz- 
ance, all the rest of his estate, in trust to pay his debts, &c, and to pay 
his daughters Mary and Ann £200 each. All lands &c in Lynhaven 
parish, Va., to his two daughters. 

Will of Ann Trevethan, Jr., of Lynhaven parish, Princess Anne Co., 
dated Dec. 25, 1735, proved May 5, 1736. Cousins James, Daniel and 
Elizabeth Tennant, cousin Mary Ann Thouroughgood, loving mother 
Ann Trevethan, mother and friend Anthony Moseley, executors. 

Deposition of Ann Trevethan, aged about 60 years, taken July 5, 1738- 
She was intimately acquainted with Mr. Jonas Cawson, late of Norfolk 
County, deceased, and was at the celebration of a marriage between 
him and a certain Abigail Church. A minister of the Church of Eng. 
land performed the ceremony. They had several children, viz.: Keziah, 
Christopher, Argal, Ann, Abigail, and Jonas. He died 1726, and his 
son Keziah died about 1732, and also Christopher Cawson and eldest 
son and said Jonas made a will. 


Deposition of Mrs. Abigail Cawson als Whiddon, aged about 50 years. 
Taken July 5, 1738. She was married to Jonas Cawson about 29 years 
ago by Rev. Mr. McMioner, then minister in Norfolk County, that Keziah 
their first born died in 1732. She had heard the said Jonas Cawson 
speak of his native country, Old England, saying he was born in Lancaster 
in England, and he told her that he expected an estate to fall to him 
from his father and mentioned it in his will. 

Deed [partly mutilated], 173-, between Thomas Bolithoe, of Corn- 
wall, heir at law of the deceased John Bolihoe, late of — [Vaj to John 
Nicholas and Yates his wife in consideration of her dower [1738.] 

Will of Francis Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, dated Feb. 13, 1740, 
proved April 1, 1741. Wife Amy, eldest son John, nine children (not 

Deed, Aug. 21, 1745, between John Thoroughgood, gent., and Anthony 
Walke, Gent. John Thoroughgood had married Margaret Walke, 
Oct. 13, 1743, and became entitled to certain property said Anthony 
Walke gave his daughter. 

Deed, Dec. 15, 1745, from Thomas Walke, and Mary Ann his wife, to 
Adam Thoroughgood, conveying 230 acres of land, being land left by 
Robert Thoroughgood, the elder, to his son Thomas (father of the said 
Mary Ann Walke) she being the only child of said Thomas Thorough- 
good, from whom she inherits said land. 



By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 


VII. Sir William Lovelace 7 (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , 
William 5 , William 6 ). He was baptized February 12th, 1583-4, at St. 
Alphege, Canterbury. He is usually known as "Sir William Lovelace of 
Woolwich", where one of his residences, possibly acquired through his 
wife, was located, although he is styled in his will and in his inquisition 
as "Sir William Lovelace, the younger, of Bethersden", and would, of 
course, have succeeded to Lovelace Place had he have outlived his father. 
He was knighted by James I at Theobald's, 20 September, 1609. (Shaw's 
Knights of England; ii; p. 148). He married, apparently as early as 1610, 
Anne the daughter of Sir William Barne, knight, of Woolwich, Kent, by 
his wife Anne the daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York. Both 
the Barne and Sandys families took a very active part in the colonization 
of Virginia, and will be considered later in separate sketches. Sir 
William Lovelace 5 was a member of the Virginia Company and an incor- 
porator of the second Virginia Charter, 1609 (Brown's Genesis of the 
United States: pp. 213, 939). 

Sir William Lovelace' was a soldier by profession, although the asser- 
tion in a letter of Charles I that he "had served about forty years in ye 
warres" is obviously an exaggeration, as he was only forty-three at the 
time of his death. From some Latin lines preceding Lucasta by his son 
Richard Lovelace 8 , the poet, it appears that he had served with distinc- 
tion in the Low Countries (Poetical Works of Richard Lovelace; Hazlitt 
Edition; p. xiv). It is stated definitely both in the letter of Charles I 
reproduced below, and in Hasted' s Kent that Lovelace fell at the Groll. 
As his inquisition post mortem, a full abstract of which follows, states 
that he died 12 August, 3 Charles I [162?], there is no question that he 
was killed at the last siege of the Groll* in Holland. England and 

*Emphasis is laid upon the evidence that Sir William Lovelace was 
killed at the siege of the Groll, 12 August 1627, because it is stated in 
another connection that he was "slain at the siege of the Burse." In a 
calendar of inquisitions, temp. H.nry VIII to Charles I, in the Heralds 
College, compiled and annoted by Sir Charles Young, Garter King of 
Arms, and now being published in The Genealogist (1915; xxxi; 276) occurs 
the following: "Sir William Lovelace, knt., slain at the siege of the Burse 
[1628]". As the year of death is incorrectly given here, and as the origi- 
nal inquisition contains no reference whatsoevei to the place of death, the 
compiler of the caLndar of inquisitions has obviously added from some 
other source the statement in regard to the Burse. The writer has not 
only been unable to find any confirmation of this statement, but has been 
unable to locate a place of this name in Holland, or to find any reference 
to such a siege. It seems quite possible, however, that some minor en- 
gagement at a place bearing such a name may have taken place in con- 
nection with the operations about Groll. 

Father of Ann (Lovelace) Gorsuch. 


Holland as members of the Protestant Alliance were then at war with 
Spain, and Lovelace fell only a few days before the stronghold of the 
Groll was recaptured by the allies from the Spaniards. Among the Eger- 
ton MSS. in the British Museum (No. 2553; folio 50-B) is a very interest- 
ing letter from Charles I to the Governor of Sutton's Hospital, London, 
later known as Charterhouse School, apparently written early in 1628, 
endorsed "For one of Sir William Lovelace's Sons". This letter, a copy 
of which follows, has been published in the Gentleman' s Magazine (1884 : - 
ii;p. 462): 

From His Majesty to ye Governour of Sutton's Hospital 
Whereas we are given to understand that Sir William Lovelace after 
he had served about forty years in ye warres, and was slaynte at ye last 
siege of Grolle, and his fortune most depending upon ye warres left his 
lady ritch only in great store of children, and she most humbly be- 
seeching us to bestow one of our places in Sutton's Hospitall upon one 
of his sonnes, Wee are pleased to grant his request. Wherefore our 
royal pleasure is that ye Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, and others 
ye governours of ye said Hospitall doe take orders that Thomas Love- 
lace his son may be admitted ye said house in our prime place at yr 
next thereon. 
Given under our hand this day in ye fourth yeare of our reign 

[Charles Rex] 

From the will of Sir William Lovelace 5 and the inquisition post mortem 
upon his landed estate, and from the will of his widow Lady Anne, here 
reproduced for the first time, many facts of interest are learned. As Sir 
William Lovelace was outlived by his father he never came into actual 
possession of Lovelace Place, although the inquisition specifically states 
that the "remainder" was vested in him, subject to the life interest of 
his father. From the inquisition we also learn that the tenure of Love- 
lace Place was held by the Lovelaces "of the Archbishop of Canterbury 
as of his Manor of Bethersden by fealty." Reference is also made in his 
will and in the inquisition to other lands held by him in Bethersden and 
to sundry lands in Shoulden, Chart Magna, Shidonhurst and Canterbury 
in the county of Kent. How he actually came into legal possession of 
these various properties during his father's lifetime, except in the case 
of the Shoulden lands which he acquired by purchase, is somewhat un- 
certain. It seems most probable that they had been made over by in- 
denture to him by his father prior to July 15, 1622, the date of his will, 
as his father makes no mention in his will, dated 6 October, 1629, of any 
lands whatsoever, disposing only of personal property. On the other 
hand any lands belonging to the elder Sir William 6 , in regard to which 
he died intestate, would of course have passed by law to the issue of his 
only son Sir William, deceased. Those which the grandfather had held 
by the "custom of gavelkind of Kent" would, however, have been equally 


divided among all his grandsons, while those held by entail, as Bethers- 
den Place, would all have passed to his eldesl grandson Richard, the poet. 
As no property in Woolwich is mentioned in the will or inquisition it seem 
probable that his residence there was of a temporary character, and with 
his wife's family, the Barnes. 

Sir William Lovelace 7 , the younger, had by his wife Anne Barne eight 
children, five sons and three daughters who reached maturity, and whose 
names are known. As neither the parish register of Bethersden nor of 
Woolwich co vexing this period are in existence, the exact dates of bap- 
tism or birth of most of the children cannot be determined. Anne was 
certainly the eldest child; Richard the poet was the eldest son and be- 
came the proprietor of Lovelace Place. The wills show that Thomas, 
Francis and William were respectively the second, third and fourth sons. 
The inquisition shows that Joan was the "child to be born" named in Sir 
William's will, dated 15 July, 1622; Elizabeth, not named in her father's 
will, was the youngest daughter, and Dudley, or as he styled himself, 
Dudley-Posthuums, was the youngest child and born after August 12, 
1627, the date of his father's death. It will be noted that the only 
children named in the inquisition are those who under their father's will 
were to receive land or legacies chargeable against land. The inquisition 
settles a point of no little general interest — the exact date of birth of 
Richard Lovelace, the poet. All biographical sketches of him state that 
he was born in 1618, although none give the month and day. The inquisi- 
tion now enables us to show that this date is incorrect, and to fix the date 
of his birth definitely as December 6, 1617. 

The portrait of Sir William Lovelace 7 which is reproduced here is from 
a photograph of the painting in the Dulwich Gallery (Gallery No. 365- 
panel 25x21 inches). An excellent copy in oil of this same portrait is in 
the collection of Mr. Walter deC. Poultney of Baltimore. It is interest- 
ing to note that this portrait, as well as those of his father and grandfather 
are referred to in his wife's will. Lady Lovelace's will also shows that 
she was at one time in the Low Countries. His widow Lady Anne Love- 
lace married, January 20, 1630, at Greenwich as her second husband 
Jonathan Browne, Doctor of Laws. Browne matriculated at Gloucester 
Hall, Oxford 13 October, 1620, aged 19, and received the degree of B. C. 
L. 1624-5, D. C. L. 1630 and L. L. D. He held the following preferements: 
rector of Shelly, Essex, 1621; rector of St. Faith's, London, 1628; rector 
of Hertingfordbury, Herts, 1630; canon of Hereford Cathedral, 1636; dean 
of Hereford Cathedral 1636; canon of Westminster Abbey, 1639. He 
outlived his wife and died December, 1643, and his will (undated and 
unregistered) was proved 8 April, 1645 (Oxford Wills; Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury; 1645). A copy of this will in the possession of the writer 
shows that he had a daughter Anne Browne who had married prior to 8 
April, 1645, Herbert Croft, S. T. P. The will of "Dame Anne Lovelace, 
now the wife of Jonathan Browne, of London, Doctor of Laws", dated 16 


May, 1632, and proved by her husband, 22 May, 1633, of which a full ab- 
stract will follow, makes bequests to "my daughter Anne Browne". The 
date of marriage, 20 January, 1630, of Jonathan Browne and Anne (Bame 
Lovelace as given by Crisp (Visitation of England and Wales; Notes vii 
121), maybe incorrect, for unless Anne Browne married Croft at a very 
early age, it is hard to see how she could have been a daughter by Anne 
(Barne) Lovelace, as the wills indicate she was. 

The will of Sir William Lovelace, dated July 15th, 1622, disposes of 
sundry family manors and lands, which his father, who did not die until 
1629, had doubtless already legally settled upon him. The will of Sir 
William Lovelace the younger of Bidersden [Bethersden], co. Kent, 
knight, dated 15 July, 1622, was proved 23 June, 1628, in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury (1628; Barrington 60). The following is an abstract 
I Sir William Lovelace of Bidersden, co. Kent, Knight, appoint my 
wife Anne Lovelace and Thomas Twisden of Wie, co. Kent, esq., 
guardians of my children, and I make the said Thomas Twisden my 
executor with my wife. I give to them all my lands whatsoever in 
Bethersden, Holden [SholdenJ, Chart Magna, Sr idonhurst and Canter- 
burie, till my eldest son Richard Lovelace attain his age of 24, when he 
shall enter therein. If he die before that age, I give them to my second 
son Thomas, and in the event of his death, to my third son Francis at 
24. I give to my said two younger sons all my lands in the parish of 
Sholden, co. Kent, which I purchased of Sir Peeter Manwoode. To 
my daughter Anne Lovelace, all my stock and adventure in the East 
India Company, with all the profits thereon to be paid her at her age 
of 21 or marriage. To the child to be born to me £200 if a son, ^300 if a 
daughter, to be paid out in lands. I give to the said Thomas Twisden 
my embroidered scarf, with all my horses, swords and arms whatso- 

(signed) William Lovelace. 
Witnesses: Thomas Aton, Ric. Tucker. 

Proved 23 June 1628 by Anne Lovelace, the relict, the other executor 
being dead. 

The inquisition post mortem upon the estate of Sir William Lovelace 7 
taken 9 August 1628 (Court of Wards and Liveries-Inquisitions Post 
mortem; 77; p. 128), has never been previously published, and contains 
most intersting data. It will be noted that the inquisition does not men- 
tion the younger children, William, Elizabeth and Dudley who were not 
bom at the time their father's will was made, 15 July 1622, and were not 
provided for under its terms, but does mention Joan who was "the child 
to be born to me" of the will. 

Sir William Lovelace the younger of Betherisden, co. Kent, Knight. 
Inquisition taken at the castle in Canterbury 9 August 4 Charles 1 
[1628]. The said Sir William was seised of the wood or woodland 


called Lamberden Wood, containing about 100 acres, in Betherisden;a 
farm or messuage, & 18 acres of land in Bethersiden in the tenure of 
Thomas Bird; inclosed land there called The Parke (about 70 acres), 
in the occupation of George Trusse; a messuage & 30 acres of land 
there in the tenure of James Wills; a tenement there called Loders 
House, in the tenure of Andrew Loder; 15 acres called Hunt's Lands, 

in the tenure of Loder, widow; a messuage and 60 acres called 

Carpenter's Farm, in the tenure of — —Howard; a messuage & 50 acres 
called Barboddenden, in the tenure of Thomas Waterman; 30 acres 

called Burthouse lands, in the tenure of Gadsby; a messuage & 50 

acres called Elites Farme, in the tenure of the said George Trusse; 

tenements in the occupation of Carpenter, widow, Thomas Wither- 

den, Richard Long, Thomas Ellis, John Wilverden, Stephen Austen 
and John Howlet, all in Betherisden; a messuage in the parish of All 
Hallows, Canterbury, in the occupation of John Jorden; 2 messuages 
and 40 acres of land in Betherisden, lately purchased of the heirs of 
Thomas Blechenden, in the occupation of John Holmes and George 
Morris; a messuage called "le Mazondien house, keepers house or 
warriner's house" in the Downes in the parish of Shouldon, co. Kent, 
and 50 acres of land called Sandhilles and Outgroundes, lying between 
the sea and the marshes there, late in the tenure of Christian Hurlstone 

and Ezekiel Barbar, and afterwards of Brooke; marshes heretofore 

called "le Nethermarshe" in Shouldon, late belonging to the dissolved 
house called "le Mazondew" of Dover, & now called the Mazondew 
marshes, containing about 60 acres. At the time of his death and ever- 
since, his father, Sir William Lovelace, Kt; was and is seised of a capital 
messuage and 30 acres of land in Betherisden, now in the occupation 
of the said Sir William Lovelace the father and George Trusse. 
By their deed dated 18 February 18 James I [1620] the two Sir William's 
gianted to John Blechenden, citizen and mercer of London, an annuity 
of ^20 payable out of all thu premises, at the south door of the parish 
church of Tenterden, beginning in the year 1623. The interest of the 
said John Blechenden in the said annuity has been conveyed to Sir John 
Hales, Kt., heir apparent of Sir Edward Hales, baronet. The will of 
Sir William the son is here recited. He died 12 August 3 Charles I 
(1627]. Richard Lovelace, his son and heii, was then aged 9 years, 8 
months, 3 days at the time of the death of his father. The chief mess- 
uage in Betherisden, in the occupation of his father for his life, with 
remainder to the deceased Sir William, is held of the Archbishop of 

Canterbury as of his manor of Bethersiden by feahy and a rent of 

Dams Anne Lovelace, his widow, is still living. Thcmas Twisden 
namsd joint guardian with her of his children by the will of the said 
Sir William, died at Wye, co. Kent, 1 August 1 Charles I. His sons 
Thcmas and Francis Lovelace survive. After the date of his will, his 
wife Anne bore a daughter Joan, who is now alive. 


The will of Anne, widow of Sir William Lovelace, dated 15 May, 1632, 
proved 22 May, 1633, in the Perogative Court of Canterbury (1638. 
Russell, 51). The following is an abstract: 

I Dame Anne Lovelace*, now wife of Jonathan Browne of London, 
Doctor of Laws. Whereas the wardship of my son Richard is granted 
to me by his Majesty's Court of Wards till his age of 21, 1 give the same 
to the said Jonathan Browne and to Miles Barnes, M. A., my brother 
with power to sell underwood for the payment of the debts of my late 
husband Sir William Lovelace and myself. The £100 which Sir Will- 
iam Lovelace owed to my uncle Francis Barne, esq., which he always 
promised to give me at his death, shall be given 'to my daughter Eliza- 
beth Lovelace. My said trustees shall obtain a new lease from Sir 
Robert Honeywood, Knight, of the manor of Bethersden, co. Kent; and 
out of the profits thereof they shall pay £300 apiece to my daughters 
Elizabeth and Joane, and my son Dudley Lovelace. I give to my son 
Richard my furniture for a bed of black velvet, with cushions, chains 
and carpets, etc., as the same is wrought in colours by his grandmother, 
the Lady Lovelace, and my best suit of diaper and which I made in the 
Low Countries, and a pair of fine Holland sheets, and a black gilded 
cabinet, which was his fathers, and all the furniture those goods and 
implements of household standing in his chief house at Bethersden, 
and the pictures of his father and myself, and of his grandfather, and 
my wedding ring which was his father's. To my sons Thomas, Francis 
and William Lovelace, £20 apiece for their maintenance till their age of 
21, to be paid yearly out of the lands called Sholden, co. Kent, which 
my late husband purchased of Sir Peter Manwood, Knight. To my 
daughters Elizabeth and Joane, and my son Dudley, £20 apiece in like 
manner out of the lease of Bethersden. To Anne Gorsage, my daughter 
my third suit of diaper which I made in the Low Countries, etc. To 
each of my younger children a ring enamelled, at 16. To my daughter 
Anne Browne, my scarlet velvet petticoat, my diamond ring, etc. To 
my husband Jonathan Browne, my cabinet of black ebony. To my 
brother Miles Barne, £2 and a ring, etc. If my husband continue 
housekeeping and keep my younger children, he shall have the use of all 
my linen, etc; otherwise it shall be sold, towards the payment of my 
debts and the portions of the said Elizabeth, Joane and Dudley. To 
my brothers Sir William Barne, Knight, Robert Barne and George 
Barne, and to their wives, 20s. apiece to make them rings; and the like 
to Mr. Richard Juxon, Daniell Gorsage and his wife, and my sone 
Gorsage. To my two men servants, a mourning cloak apiece, and to 

*This is an example of the custom of the time, which permitted 
a woman who had made a second marriage, to retain the name and 
title acquired from her first husband, if his rank was higher than that 
of her second husband. 


my three maid servants, serge for mourning gowns. I make the said 
Jonathan Browne and Miles Barne my executors. 

(signed) Anne Lovelace. 
Witnesses: Robt. Barne, Tho. Grent, Jo. Smyther. 

Issue of Sir William Lovelace 7 (John 1 , Richard 2 , William 3 , William 4 , 
William 6 .William 6 ,) and his wife Anne Bame: 

1. Anne Lovelace 8 . She was apparently born not later than 1611 as she 
married as early as 1628 the Rev. John Gorsuch of Walkern, Herts. 
The Visitation of London; 1633-1635 gives the wife of the Rev. John 
Gorsuch as "Anne da of Sir William Lovelace of Kent, Kt." (Har- 
leian Soc. Publ. xv; 327). She received under her father's will, 
dated 1622, "all my adventures in the East India Company with all 
the profits to be paid to her at the age of 21 or marriage". By her 
mother's will, dated 1632, there is left to "Anne Gorsage my daugh- 
ter my third suit of diaper which I made in the Low Countries". 
She went to Virginia, probably about 1650 and soon after the death of 
her husband, with her younger children and died there (Va. Mag. 
xxiv; 90). Letters of administration were issued in England, 2 June, 
1652, to "Daniel Gorsuch son of Anne Gorsuch, late of Weston, co. 
Hertford; but deceased in parts beyond the seas, widow" (Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury Administrations 1652). She had issue by 
her husband Rev. John Gorsuch, eleven children whose fortunes and 
descendants have been traced by the writer in the preceding volumes 
of this magazine; viz.: (i) Daniel; (ii) John; (iii) William; (iv) Kath- 
arine married William Whitby; (v) Robert; (vi) Richard; (vii) Anna 
married 1st Capt. Thomas Todd, 2nd Capt. David Jones, 3d Capt. 
John Oldton; (viii) Elizabeth married Howell Powell; (ix) Charles; 
(x) Lovelace; (xi) Frances) Of these, Katharine, Robert, Richard, 
Anna, Elizabeth, Charles and Lovelace settled in Virginia or in 
Maryland, married, and with the probable exception of Robert, left 
numerous descendants (Va. Mag. xxiv-xxvii). 

2. Richard Lovelace. 8 Poet and cavalier. Born, 9 December 1617, at 
Woolwich, Kent. The exact date of his birth, as shown in' the in- 
quisition upon his father's estate, has not been previously known, all 
biographical accounts simply giving the year 1618. He attended 
Charterhouse School, London, and received the degree of M. A. 
at Gloucester Hall, Oxford, 1636, when he "retired in great splendour 
to the court" of Charles I. He served as ensign and then as captain 
in the Scottish expeditions, and on his return took possession of 
Lovelace P 1 ace at Bethersden and his other estates. As one of the 
justices of Kent he was selected to present to the House of Commons 
the celebrated Kentish petition for the restoration of the king to his 
rights, for which he was committed in April 1642, to Gatehouse 
Prison, London, where he wrote his most celebrated poem To Althea 
from Prison. He joined Charles at Oxford in 1645 and after its sur- 

Brother of Ann (Lovelace) Gorsuch. 


render he formed a regiment for service under Louis XIV. He was 
wounded in 1648 at Dunkirk, and returned to England, where he and 
his brother Captain Dudley Lovelace were imprisoned at Petre 
House. Here he edited his poems which were published in October 
1649, under the title Lucasta, Epodes, Odes, Sonnets, Songs, etc., 
Soon afterwards he was released from prison, and the last ten years 
of his life, his resources exhausted and his health broken, were spent 
in London, where he died April 1658. He was buried at St. Bride's. 
He had sold Bethersden Place in 1649 to Richard Hulse. His brother 
Dudley Lovelace edited a second collection of Richard's poems, 
which he published in 1659 as Lucasta: Posthume Poems of Richard 
Lovelace, Esq. He did not marry. The statements by Berry, Haz- 
litt and others that he did have been shown by Pearman to be erron- 
eous. (Archaeologia Cantiana: x; 215). Lovelace is said to have 
been strikingly handsome, although his portrait at Dulwich Gallery 
is disappointing. His fame as a poet rests largely upon the lyric To 
Athea from Prison in which occur the lines, 

Stone Walls doe not a prison make, 

Nor iron bars a cage; 
Mindes innocent and quiet take 

That for an hermitage; 
If I have freedom in my love, 

And in my soule am free 
Angels alone that sore above 

Enjoy such liberty. 

and upon the poem To Lucasta Going To The Warres, which ends with the 

Yet this inconsistancy is such, 

As you too should adore; 
I could not love thee, dear, so much, 

Lov'd I not Honour more. 

3. Thomas Lovelace 8 . Born about 1619 or 1620 as he is referred to in 
his father's will as the second son. He apparently went to Charter- 
house School, [Sutton's Hospital], London. He was an active royal- 
ist, but does not seem to have had a military career. A poem by 
him to the memory of his brother Richard appears in the posthum- 
ous edition of the latter's poems. He was with his brother Francis 
in New York when the latter was governor of that province. He 
appears there as a member of the governor's council in 1671, was an 
alderman of New York City in the same year, and was appointed 
captain of the Foot Company of Staten Island in 1672. He appears 
in 1672 as one of the commissioners appointed to strengthen the de- 
fenses of Fort Jaires, and in 1672-3 as a justice of New York city. 
He was one of the messengers sent on board to confer with the Dutch 


admiral when New York surrendered to the Dutch in 1673, and was 
for a short while detained as a prisoner of war. His estates were 
confiscated and he was ordered to leave the province, but managed 
to postpone his departure until New York again passed into the 
hands of the' English. He owned a plantation on Staten Island 
known as "Lovelace Farme", which he occupied until his death 
which occurred in 1689; and appears as a sheriff of Richmond County 
in 1684 and 1685. He was married and had at least one child, a son 
William, who was buried with great ceremony at Fort James in 1671; 
there were possibly other children. He was survived by his wife 
Mary, whose family name is not known, Lovelace Farme finally 
passing after his death to a niece Mary, the wife of Ellis Duxbury 
of the Barbadoes and later of New York. The identity of this niece 
has not been determined. The writer has traced the career of 
Thomas Lovelace and the history of his plantation"Lovelace Farme' ' 
in considerable detail in the New York Geneological and Biographical 
Record (July 1920; li; 188-192) to which the reader is referred for fuller 
data, and for the authorities upon which the above statements are 
4. Francis Lovelace 8 . Colonial governor of New York 1668-1673. The 
question of the identity of Governor Francis Lovelace of New York 
has been a matter of dispute, the governor until recently having been 
thought to be a son of Richard, first Lord Lovelace of Hurley, Berks, 
(see a note by the editor in the Va. Mag. xvii, 288-291). The writer 
has recently contributed a paper to the New York Genealogical and 
Biographical Record (July 1920; vol. li; 175-194) establishing beyond 
question that Governor Lovelace was the son of Sir William Love- 
lace of Bethersden, and has presented there all the known facts of 
his life, to which the reader is referred for further details. 

Francis Lovelace 8 , the third son of Sir William Lovelace 7 , was 
bom between 1620 and 1622. Under his father's will he received 
jointly with his brother William lands in Shoulden, Kent. He was 
furnished by his brother Richard Lovelace, the poet, with money 
and men for the royalist cause, serving with the title of colonel in the 
civil wars and as governor of Carmarthen Castle during its siege in 
1644 and 1645. He was in Virginia in 1652 when he was selected by 
Governor Berkeley to carry the news of the surrender of the colony 
to Charles II, then on the continent. We find him soon afterwards 
with Charles during his exile on the continent, with whom he re- 
mained until shortly before the fall of the commonwealth, when he 
returned to England, and was arrested and imprisoned there in 1659 
for his royalist activities. He was appointed deputy governor of 
Long Island, and in 1668 became governor of New York, holding 
this position until New York was captured by the Dutch July 30, 
1673. His private fortunes were ruined by the confiscation of his 


property by the Dutch Council and on his return to England the Duke 
of York brought about his political ruin on the ground that the loss 
of the province was due to the fact that the governor was absent from 
his post at the time of the Dutch attack, although it was conclusively 
shown that had he been present Fort James was entirely inadequate 
to withstand the attack of the strong Dutch fleet. Lovelace was 
imprisoned in the Tower and his property was confiscated. He does 
not appear to have been actually tried, and was released April 26, 
1675 on account of ill health. He died the latter part of the year at 
Woodstock, Oxfordshire, his estate being administered upon by his 
brother Dudley, 22 December 1675. He is referred to in the ad- 
ministration entry as a bachelor. 

Joane Lovelace 8 . She was the second daughter, and was born in 
1622 or early in 1623, as the inquisition upon her father's estate shows 
that she was "the child to be born to me" mentioned in his will dated 
15 July 1622. Her name sometimes appears as Johanna. She mar- 
ried Robert Caesar. Lodge in his Life of Sir Julius Caesar, 1827 (p. 
54) states that Robert Caesar, who married Joane daughter of Sir 
William Lovelace, was the son of Sir John Caesar, knight, of Willan, 
Herts, and that by her he had issue three daughters (1) Anne (died 
June 23, 1739), wife of Sir John Payntz of Iron Acton, Gloucester, (2) 
Julianna married Thomas Sage of Butley, Sussex, (3) Johanna (died 
December 15, 1694) wife of John Rampayne. Robert Caesar, his 
wife Joane, and two of his daughters are said to be buried in St. 
Catherine's Church near the Tower. Richard Lovelace's poem 
Paris's Second Judgement- — Upon the Three Daughters of My Dear 
Brother Mr. R. Caesar (Hazlitt edition, p. 221) must have been 
written while the three sisters were still mere children. "Joan 
Caestir, alius Lovelace, wife of Robert Caesar and sister of Dudley 
Lovelace" was appointed Dudley's administratrix, May 10, 1686, 
and the same day was also appointed (to succeed Dudley) admini- 
stratrix of her brother Francis Lovelace's estate (Prerogative Court 
Canterbury: Admns, 1686 & Admn. Act. Book. 1686, fol. 76d.). 

William Lovelace 8 . He was the fourth son and apparently the sixth 
child, and was born between 1623 and 1627, as he is not named in his 
father's will, but is in that of his mother. He espoused the cause of 
the king and was killed either in 1644 or 1645 at the siege of Car- 
marthen, Wales. His brother Richard's poem To His Deare Brother 
Colonel F.[rancis\ L.[ovelace] — Immoderately Mourning My Brother's 
[I. e. William' s] Untimely Death in Carmarthen, commemorates the 
event. It will be recalled that Francis Lovelace 8 was in command 
of Carmarthen Castle. Nothing further has been learned about 
William. It seems improbable that he married, although there is a 
remote possibility that he did and that a certain unidentified Francis 
Lovelace, elsewhere referred to, (New York Geneal. & Biog. Rec. lvi 


179), who died in Maryland in 1684 and who was of the Behersden, 
line, was a son. 

7. Elizabeth Lovelace 8 . The third daughter, and apparently the sev- 

enth child, was born between 1624 and 1626. She is named in her 
mother's will but not in that of her father. The Visitation of Berk- 
shire 1664 {Harleian Soc. Pub. lvi; 221) shows that Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Sir William Lovelace of Bethersden, Kent, knight, 
married [about 1650] Daniel Hayne of Kintbury Eaton, Berks, the 
son of Thomas Hayne of Auborne, Wilts, and his wife Katherine 
Gorsuch, the daughter of Daniel Gorsuch of London, and that at the 
time of the visitation, March 23, 1664, Daniel Hayne was 37 years 
old and then had issue (1) Daniel, age 10, (2) John, (3) Katherine, 
(4) Ann, (5) Elizabeth, (6) Frances, (7) Mary. From this it is seen 
that Daniel Hayne, the husband of Elizabeth Lovelace 8 was a 
nephew of the Rev. John Gorsuch, the husband of her sister Anne 
Lovelace 3 . The writer has obtained an abstract of the will of Daniel 
Hayne, the elder, of Wallingtons, Parish of Kintbury, co. Berks, 
gent., dated 3 April, 1663, and proved 11 May, 1687, by his son Daniel 
Hayne (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; Foot, 63. ) This will 
names his wife Elizabeth his sons Daniel, John and Thomas, and his 
daughters Katharine, Anne, Elizabeth, Francis and Mary. The 
testator names his father Thomas Hayne, gent., deceased. He pro- 
vides that his son Thomas be sent to Cambridge, and is afterwards 
to study law at the Inns of Court, and that his sons Daniel and John 
be sent to Oxford. Sentence was pronounced by the court, 7 May, 
1687, in a suit between Daniel Hayne, only son of the deceased, and 
Anne Chokke, minor, by John Longland, her guardian, legatrix in a 
pretended will dated, 1 September, 1686, in which the latter will is 
declared invalid, and that dated 3 April, 1663, upheld. No attempt 
has been made to carry down the Hayne lines. 

8. Dudley Lovelace 8 . He was the youngest son and was doubtless born 

in 1627, soon after his father's death, as he styles himself Dudley- 
Posthumus Lovelace. He was furnished with money by his brother 
Richard to study "tactics and fortification" in Holland. He was an 
ardent royalist. He served as captain in his brother Richard's 
regiment under Louis XIV, he and his brother Richard being im- 
prisoned in Petre House on their return to London in 1648 on account 
of their royalist sympathies. He was with Charles II during his 
exile on the continert. He appears in 1659 as the editor of the second 
part of his brother Richard's poems: Lucasta, Posthume Poems of 
Richard Lovelace, Esq.; London, 1659. He was in New York early 
in 1670 with his brother Governor Francis Lovelace, and appeared 
there as a member of the governor's council, president of a com- 
mission to grant lands at Esopus and to define the boundaries of 


Hurley, and also on a commission to survey Stater Island, and was 
commissioned as lieutenant of the Troop of Horse of New York City. 
He owned a plantation on Staten Island and is usually referred to in 
the records as Captain Dudley Lovelace. He was one of the three 
officers in charge of Fort James at the time of the surrender and was 
sent to Europe as a prisoner by the Dutch commander. He is con- 
stantly referred to as the brother of the governor in the colonial 
records, and was the administrator of the latter's estate in England. 
The administration upon the estate of "Dudley Lovelace late of 
London, but dying at Newingtor, Butts, co. Surrey, was granted 
May 10, 1686, to his sister Joan Caesar, Mary Lovelace the relict 
renouncing". The surname of his wife Mary is not known, nor 
is it known certainly whether Dudley Lovelac left childrer, this 
point and all the known facts of his life being discussed by the 
writer in greater detail in a sketch of Governor Francis Love- 
lace in the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record {July 
2920; li; 192-4). 

(To be Continued) 

This concludes the sketch of the Lovelace family proper. This will 
be followed by sketches of certain families from which the Lovelaces are 
decended, beginning with the Aucher family of Bishopsbourne, Kent. 


12. Benjamin 3 Grymes, was born Feb. 19, 1725, died about 1776, 
He removed to Spotsylvania County, and settled on a plantation named 
"Smithfield." He was presiding Justice of the County and represented, 
it in the House of Burgesses at the Sessions of Nov. 1761, Jan. 1762, Nov» 
1762, Nov. 1766. March 1767. March 1768, May 1769, Nov. 1769, May 1770. 
and July 1771. On Aug. 13, 1755, Benjamin Grymes of Spotsylvania Co. 
gent, and Betty his wife, sold to John Champe, of King George Co.", mer- 
chant, for £3103 Currency, 1750 acres in Spotsylvania Co. where said 
Grymes lived, also 700 acres in Spotsylvania, lots in the town of Freder- 
icksburg, and 51 slaves. On May 9, 1758, John Champe, and others, 
executors of William Woodford, deceased, sold to Benjamin Grymes, 
6300 acres in Spotsylvania, called Massaponnax lands. In 1758 Benj. 
Grymes and Anthony Bacon, of London, who had been concerned in 
shipping tobacco, dissolved partnership. On Feb. 5, 1767, Benjamin 
Grymes, of Spotsylvania Co., gent., and Priscilla his wife, conveyed to 
Hon. Presley Thornton, Esq. and William Fitzhugh, Esq. to indemnify 
them from loss on account of various sums they have or may advance to 

*The statement (xxviii, 96) that, 20, John Randolph Grymes died without issue is 
incorrect. He had issue: (a) Wyndham, died unmarried; (b) Arianna, married 1st in 
Middlesex Co., Feb. 6, 1802, William Curtis, married 2nd Peter Kemp; <c) Mary Beverley, 
born at Brampton, England, married 1st, 1809, Robert West, of Gloucester County, 2d 
Peter Francisco. 


said Grymes, the tract of land where the furnace stands, 1650 acres 
also a tract of landpurchased by said Grymes of Wm.Woodford, 1600 acres ; 
also tract purchased of Williams and Tompkins, 500 acres; also the tract 
of land given the said Grymes by his father, Hon. John Grymes, Esq. , 
deceased, upon Mattapony River, 1900 acres; also a tract of land wheTeon 
the forge stands, purchased of Rice Curtis, 400 acres ; also tract purchased 
of Joseph Herndon, 250 acres; also tract purchased of the executors of 
William Waller, deceased, 250 acres; also lots and houses in Fredericks- 
burg, forges, furnaces, slaves, stocks, vessels, goods, etc. On Aug. 15, 
1770, Benjamin Grymes of Spotsylvania Co., Esq., in his own right and 
as executor of Hon. Philip Grymes, Edq., Hon. John Tayloe, of Rich- 
mond Co., Esq., in his own right, and as executor of Hon. Presley Thorn- 
ton Esq., Joseph Herndon, of Spotsylvania Co., gent., sold to Thomas 
Poole, for £1250 current money, a forge called Grymes' Forge, with 
bellows, plates, etc., and 800 acres of land. On Aug. 9, 1775, the executors 
of Hon. Peter Randolph, late of Chatsworth, Henrico Co., conveyed to 
Walker Taliaferro of Caroline Co. for £800, 2000 acres in Spotsylvania 
Co., which had been bequeathed to Benj. Grymes, by his father, Hon. 
John Grymes, Esq., deceased; and which said Benj. Grymes, had, in 
1775, mortgaged to Peter Randolph to indemnify him for going security 
for a debt said;Benj. Grymes owed Hon. Wm. and Thomas Nelson Esqrs., 
and had not paid. 

Benjamin Grymes was a man of great energy and activity and had so 
many and varied business interests that at his death his estate was great- 
ly involved and he was perhaps insolvent. He was a planter, merchant, 
tobacco exporter, a speculator in lots and houses, and an iron manu- 
facturer and miner. He died before 1777 and though his will is referred 
to in deeds it is not in Spotsylvania County. He married 1st, Sept. 11, 
1747, Elizabeth (born April 3d, 1731) daughter of Henry Fitzhugh, of 
"Eagle's Nest," and 2d Priacilla, daughter of Philip Rootes, of "Rose- 
wall", King and Queen County. 

Issue: [1st m] 27 Benjamin 4 ; 28 Mary, married 1st, Peter Randolph, of 
Henrico Co., 2d Col. Richard KidderMeade, aide to Washington in the 
Revolution. She was mother of Rt. Rev. William Meade, Bishop of 
Virginia. (2d m.): 29. Mildred, (will proved Sept. 2, 1822, in Spotsyl- 
vania) married 1st Reuben Thornton, of Caroline County, 2d Major 
Peter Dudley, of Spotsvylania Co.: 30. Lucy Rootes, died unmarried, 

1817; 31. Charles 4 , born , died 1831. He may have been Mr. Charles 

Grymes of Va., Midshipman U. S. N. In 1819, Charles Grymes who had 
been in the Navy, married Jane, daughter of Thomas Whiting, of Glou- 
cester Co., and had a daughter Mary, who married Lewis Burwell, of 
the same county; 32. Ludwell 4 ; 33. Randolph 4 ; 34. Anne, married William 

15. Ludwell 3 Grymes, was born April 26, 1733, and died before 1795. 
When a young man he removed from Middlesex to Gloucester, and later 


in life to "Burlington," Orange County, where he died. He married, in 
1756, Mary, daughter of William Dawson, D. D., commissary of the Bish- 
op of London, President of William and Mary College and member of the 
Council. On May 18, 1771, Ludwell Grymes, of Orange County and 
Mary his wife, sold a lot in Fredericksburg. Ludwell Grymes appears 
to have died intestate. In 1795 there was recorded in Orange Couty. 
an account of John D. Grymes, administrator of Ludwell Grymes. Mrs. 
Mary Grymes' will was dated May 15, 178?, and proved in Orange, June 
23, 1787. The will mentions Hannah Grymes, her son John Grymes; 
legacies to Mary Maury, daughter of Rev. Walker Maury, and Mary, 
daughter of William Maury. She frees certain negroes at the age of 22 
years and enjoins each "legatee to teach or cause to be taught each negro 
respectively to read," and the General Assembly to be petitioned in case 
there is any difficulty as to their manumission. 

Ludwell 3 and Mary (Dawson) Grymes had issue: 35. John Dawson. In 
Spotsylvania Co., April 5, 1783, John Dawson Grymes, mariner, gave a 
power of attorney to John Dawson, of Caroline County, to sell land in 
Henry County, formerly Lunenburg, which was conveyed Aug. 10, 17C4, 
to said Grymes, Thos. B. Dawson, and said John Dawson, by John Daw- 
son, dec'd. of Caroline County. In 1795 he was acting as his father's 
administrator. The compiler has no further information in regard to 
him: 36. Mary, born in Williamsburg, August 26, 1753, married Rev. 
Wa'k er Maury on May 7, 1777, and died Sept. 23, 1789; 37. Elizabeth, 
born in Gloucester Co., 1765, died in Robertson Co., Term., March 31, 
1852, married Rev. William Moore; 38. Hannah (?) 

19. Phillip Ludwell Grymes, of "Brandon," was born in Christ 
Church Parish, Middlesex, April 5, 1746, baptized May 9, 1746, and died 
May 18, 1805. He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Middle- 
sex Co. at the sessions of May 1769, Nov. 1769 and May 1770. In the 
next year he vacated his seat by accepting the office of sheriff. He was 
a member of the House of Delegates for the same county 1778 and 1802-3, 
was chosen a member of the Council of State 1803. He had been edu- 
cated at Eton, along with his brother, John Randolph Grymes. Follow- 
ing is a copy of the will of Philip Ludwell Grymes. 

"In the name of God, Amen, I, Philip Ludwell Grymes of Brandon in 
the Parish of Christ Church and County of Middlesex, do ordain and pub- 
lish the following to be my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all 
other Wills heretofore by me made. 

Imprimis I desire that my body may be buried, among my Relations, 
in the church yard of this Parish with Christian decency: but without 
Pomp or much Ceremony. Item it is my Will that all my just debts, and 
those of my lately departed son be honestly paid. Item I give unto my 
wife Judith Grymes, all her Rings, Jewels, Gold Watch and other Para- 
phernalia, my Post Chaise and Harness, and any four Horses belonging 


to me, that she may choose, to drive therein, forever. — Item I lend unto 
my said wife, Judith Grymes, the use of my Plantation and Mansion House 
tiled Brandon, the outhouses, Stables, Gardens, Orchards and appur- 
enances thereunto belonging; also of all my Plate, Household and Kitchen 
nrn ture during term of her natural Life — Itemltis my Will that after 
my Debts and those of my son above mentioned, together with the Leg- 
acies herein after bequeathed are paid or appropriations for the payment 
thereof be made, then all the Residue of my Eestate both real and per- 
sonal (except the before mentioned Plantation and Mansion House called 
Brandon with the other property in the two former clauses of my Will 
bequeathed to my said wife, Judith Grymes) be divided by my Executor 
and Trustees .herein after mentioned into two equal moieties or parts 
that my said executors and trustees allot one equal moiety or part thereof 
to my said wife Judith Grymes, to be held by her (in addition to the 
property before given or lent to her) to her own use and behoof for and 
during the term of her natural life: and it is to be understood that the 
above provision made by me for my said wife is to be in lieu of any claim 
of Dower — Item I do devise the other moiety or equal part of my said 
estate both real and Personal to my said Executors and trustees herein- 
after mentioned and their heirs forever, in trust for the sole use and 
behoof of my daughter Jane Sayre for and during the term of her natural 
Life; and after her decease to be equally divided along the children of the 
said Jane living at her death and their heirs forever. Item I do also de- 
vise to my said Executors and trustees and their heirs forever that other 
equal moiety or Part of my Estate both real and Personal, together with 
all the other property both real and personal above by me lent to my said 
wife Judith Grymes for her life, after the death of my said wife to be by 
them held in Trust for the sole use and behoof of my said daughter Jane 
Sayre for and during the term of her natural life, and after her death to 
be by them equally divided among the children of the said Jane Sayre 
living at her death, and their heirs forever. Item If my said daughter 
Jane Sayre should die without lawful issue then I give unto Samuel 
William Sayre her husband, and to his heirs forever, one half or equal 
moiety of that equal moiety or Part of my estate which I have above in 
the first instance devised to my executors and trustees in trust for my 
said daughter Jane Sayre, and all the rest of my Estate both real and 
Personal I give to be equally divided among the children of my Brother 
Benjamin Grymes, and their heirs forever. Item I give unto my faithful 
manager William Wood, one hundred Pounds to be paid to him by my 
said Trustees and Executors in twelve months after my death, as a small 
memorial of his Integrity and good services. — Item I direct my Execu- 
tors and Trustees herein after named to take from my different Planta- 
tions, after the crop is finished Twenty Negroes and deliver them to 
Francis Page, and also to assign to him that Bond which is executed by 
Grief Green and others to me for the third payment for my Mecklenburg 


property, which Negroes and Bond I give to the said Francis and his 
heirs forever. Lastly I do appoint my worthy Friends Ralph Wormeley, 
Senior, of Rosegill, Nathaniel Burwell senior and Junior of Frederick 
my nephews Robert Nelson of York ["and Philip Grymes" — erased] and 
Mann Page of Gloucester Executors of this my last Will and Testament 
and trustees to execute the trusts above mentioned — I desire that all 
questions doubts or disputes touching the premises or which may arise 
touching the true meaning or exposition of this my last Will, may be 
finally decided by the opinions and judgment of my said Trustees or the 
major Part of them — I further desire that my Estate may not be ap- 
praised — In teste: that the above is my true last Will and Testa- 
ment I have hereto subscribed my name and affixed my seal and also 
published the same as my last Will and Testament this twenty third day 
of April 1805 in the presence of Philip L. Grymes. 
The words "Living at her death interlines between the 1 & 2 line on this 
page before publication. 
Ariana M. Curtis 
Elizabeth Page 
Dorothy Churchill 
William Wood 
Jules B. Pollard 

This 16 of May the three words, "and Philip Grymes" the pen ran over 
by Mr. Gryme's position order & signed by me by his Injunction 

Ralph Wormeley 
Test— F Page 

Eleanor Wormeley 
Dorothy Churchill 

At a Court held for Middlesex County, at the Courthouse in Urbanna, 
on Monday the 24th day of June, 1805, — This last Will and Testament of 
Philip Ludwell Grymes, Gentleman, deceased, was produced in Court 
by Ralph Wormeley Senior — Esqr. and the same was proved "by the 
oaths of Ariana M. Curtis, Dorothy Churchill, and Jules B. Pollard three 
of the witnesses thereunto, and the memorandum indorsed thereon was 
proved by the oaths of Eleanor Wormeley and Dorothy Churchill two of 
the witnesses thereto, whereupon the said Will and memorandum were 
admitted to record, at the time of the probate-thereof Philip Grymes 
tendered to the Court a Bill of exceptions, which were received, signed 
and sealed by the Court & ordered to be entered on record, and which 
are in the words following (Vizt) "The last Will & Testament of Philip 
L. Grymes being produced in the Court of Middlesex County, for proa 
bate & having been regularly proven, the Witnesses to the obliteration 
of the words Philip Grymes were introduced to prove the same, where- 
upon Philip Grymes moved the Court to suppress s'd evidence until a 
summons had issued to all the Parties having any interest under s'd will. 


and the trustees therein named, to require of them to show cause, if 
anything could, why the Will sho'ld not be proven without any regard to 
the obliteration afores'd, and he, the said Grymes be permitted to take 
out letters testamentary of the Estate of the Testator which summons 
was decreed to the s'd Grymes & the evidence received & s'd oblitera- 
tion being proven to have been made by the direction of the Testators 
was ordered to be * * * * Iword obliterated] to which opinion of the 
Court the s'd Grymes excepts and prays that his exceptions may be 
signed, sealed etc. 

Thos. Healy (seal) Thos Mense (seal) Wm Segar (seal) Henry Heffer- 
man (seal) 


O. Cosby CC." 
In 1808 his slaves were appraised. The following list gives the names, 
ages, valuation, and the plantations on which they lived. 

In obedience of an order of the worshipful court of Middlesex, Thomas 
Healy, Churchill Blakey and Elliott Muse qualified by oath, viewed and 
valued the slaves of Philip L. Grimes, dec'd at the following prices and 
places, viz.: 

Gloucester Plantation.— George, 60, $10.00; Bridget, 55, $20.00; am 
30, $100.00; Nelly, 20, $80 00; Hannah, 2, $20.00; Rose, 70, $9.00;P 
her daughter, 18 and child Caty 1, $100.00; Caty 20, and child Jefferson 1 
$100.00; Rhoda 36 and child Judy 1, $80.00; Jenny, 14, $70.00; Bob, 8, 
$15.00; Rose, 6, $30.00; Ned, 30, $100.00; James, 24, $100.00; George, 16. 
$80.00; Peter, 14, $70.00; Ralph, 45, $80.00; Essex, 14, $70.00; Hardy, 21, 
$90.00; Prince, 16, $80.00; Beck, 15, $75.00; total valuation $1,439.00. 

Kemps Plantation.— Frankey, 16, $80.00; Harry, 55, $50.00; Peg, 45, 
$15.00; Rachel 22, and child Jesse, 3 months, $95.00; Henry, 5 years, 
$25.00;Ester, 3, $15.00; Billy; 18, $80.00; Peg, 12, $60.00; Sarah, 10, $45.00; 
Billy, 7, $38.00; Molly, 1, $12.00; Charles, 17, $100.00; Ben, 15, $S0.00 
Edmund, $35, 95.00; Sucky, 55, $30.00; Mall, 24, $100.00; Venus, 20. 
$100.00; Matt, 1; Sucky, 9, $40.00; Isreal, 6, $35.00; Mary, 45, $35.00; 
Molly 24 and Betty 1, $90.00; Bob, 3, $15.00; John 13, $60.00; Anna, 10, 
$15.00; Charles, 6, $35.00; Manuel, 30, $100.00; Tom, 60, $35.00; Billy, 40 
$20; total valuation $3,005.00. 

Mill Plantation.— Cromwell, 30, $100.00; Lucy, 30, $30.00; Reubin, 9 
months, $10.00; Nelly, 7, $35.00; London, 6, $35.00; Sally 25 and Isbell, 
her child, 1, $95.00; Prince, 8, $35.00; Robin, 6, $35.00; Bluff, 3, $20.00; 
Scilla 20, and George, her child 7 months, $95.00; Jackson, 3, $20,000 
Jenny IS, and Judy, her child, 1, $95.00; Bella, 55, dept; Toby, 18, $100.00; 
Grace, 15, $70.00; Henry, 10, $60.00; Tom, 30, $100.00; Jackson, 26, $100.00; 
Jenny, 86; Ben, 55, $50. _.; London, 16, $80.00; Fanny 40, and child Nelly, 
2, $70.00; Pattey, 18, $80.00; Caesar, 16, $80.00; Sucky, 12, $60.00; Fanny, 
9, 45.00; Amos, 5, $30.00. 


Old House Plantation.— Frank, 45, $80.00; Sarah 30, and Charles her 
child 1, $90.00; Sucky, 15, $75.00; Godfrey, 12, $75.00; Grace, 10, $50.00; 
Davy, 9, $40.00; Menba, 7, $30.00; Frank 4 and Philip, $40.00; Cymon, 60, 
$50.00; Mary, 60; Nancy, 27, $80.00; Villa, 22, $100.00; Tom, 16, $90.00; 
Rose 26 and child Topmark, 1, $95.00; Hagin, 6, $35.00; Charles, 4, $20.00; 
Menba, 60, $20.00; Peg 28 and child John 6 months, $90.00; Tamer, 7, 
$35.00; Dolly, 3, $20.00; Tamer 22 and child Sally, 9 months, $95.00; 
Caesar, 3, $20.00; James, 50, dept., $30.00; Billy, 45, $75.00; John, 55, 
$50.00; Criss 17 and child Sam 1, $95.00; Walker, 27, $100.00; Moses, 22, 
$100.00; Bluff, 45 crip., $20.00; 

Pinetop Plantation.— Cromel, 35, $75.00; Billy, 40, $75.00; Venus, 36, 
$50.00; Billy, 3 months, $10.00; Susanna, 20 years, $80.00; Tom, 18, $90.00; 
Zena, 14, $60.00; Sally, 13, $60.00; Boss, 10, $45.00; Frank, 9, $40.00; 
Beverly, 7, $35.00; John, 3, $20.00; Sampson, 28, $100.00; Minter, 27, 
James 1 month, $90.00; Bob, 7 years, $45.00; Cromel, 5, $25.00; Venus, 
2]/ 2 , $15.00; Daniel, 36, $80.00; Mildred 24, Betty V/ 2 , $95.00; Cloe, 5, 
$25.00; Ned, 20, $100.00; Agathy 20, Philip 2, $95.00; Lucy 20, Clary 3 
months, $90.00; Nashe, 4 years, $20.00; Samuel 18 months, $12.00; Jenny 
56, $30.00; Jenny 15, $75.00; Rose, 13, $60.00; John, 45, $60.00; Tangy, 36, 
$80.00; Samuel, 46, $60.00; Rose, 58, $30.00; Susanna, 90, ; Susannah, 8, 
$45.00; Hannah, 7, $35.00; Harry, 75. 

Brandon Estate.— Dolly, 40, $45.00; Martha, 13, $60.00; Fanny, 11, 
$50.00; Robin, 9, $45.00; Colly, 5, $25.00; Creson, 3, $20.00; Frank, 36, 
$60.00; Jackson, smith, 60, $75.00; Ben., street, 52, $60.00; Isabella, 50, 
$36.00; Venus, 11, $45.00; Daniel, 6, $35.00; Scipio, 41, $80.00; Betty, 30, 
$60.00; MEagary, 9, $40.00; Areana, 7, $35.00; John, 5, $25.00; Scipio, 2, 
$15.00; Essex, 55, $60.00; Frank, 23, $100.00; Charles, 35, $80.00; Peter, 
22, $100.00; Susanna, 30, $75.00; Sarah, 8, $45.00; Fanny, 6, $35.00; Rosellar 
2, $20.00; Clara, 14, $60.00; Sally 35, child Nelly Y 2 year, $90.00; Jane, 16, 
$80.00; Sucky, 14, $75.00; Robin, 12, $70.00; Henry, 9, $60.00; Jenny, 53, 
$40.00; Grace, 37, $80.00; Feorge, 14, $75. 00. Marcus, 9, $45.00; Cyrus, 7- 
$35.00; Billy, 60, defec, $20.00; James, 40, $75.00; Jack, 38, $80.00; Ned, 
50, $60.00; Beck, 50fdeec, $20.00; BetMy 22, Ned 1, $95.00; Joyce, 3, $20.00 
Areana 25, Mary 6 weeks, $95.00; Bob, 3, $20.00; Fanny, 4J^, $25.00;; 
Jenny, 29, $75.00; Grace, 45, $40.00; Caty, 19, $80.00; Sarah, 90; Civiah, 
90; Lucy, 25, $80.00; Amos, 45, $80.00; Bob, 36, $90.00; Bluff, 36, $90.00; 
Anthony, 49, $60.00; Ben, 29, $100.00; Aaron, 23, $100.00; Dick, 24, 
$100.00; Rachel, 55, $40.00; Phillis, 60, $30.00; Letty, 20, $80.00; Mary' 
16, $75.00; Billy, 18, $80.00; James Hoecake, 45 car, $100.00; Sam, 30 Dc, 
$120.00; John, 25 Dc, $120.00; Sam, 18, $100.00; Tom, 45, $80.00; Philip, 
15, $85.00; Abram, 20, $10,000; Ralph, 18, $100.00; Juba, 90, 0; Peg, 80, 
0; Edmund, 12, $60.00; Moss, 10, $50.00; Marcus, 14, $75.00; Jane, 80' 

Elliott Muse, Tho. Healy, Chuc. Blakey. At a court held for Middle- 


sex county in Urbanna on Monday the 27th day of June 1808, this ap- 
praisement of the negroes belonging to the estate of Philip L. Grymes 
was this day returned and ordered to be recorded — 

Teste Tho. Muse 

The foregoing is a true copy of a writing recorded in the Clerk's Office 
of Middlesex County, Virginia in Will Book No. 2, pages 402-403-404. 

C. W. Eastman, 

Philip Ludwell Grymes married 1st Sarah, daughter of Attorney Gen- 
eral John Randolph (a sister of this brother J. R. Grymes' wife) and had 
no issue. He married secondly, May 27, 1773, Judith, daughter of Ralph 
Wormeley, of "Rosegill," Middlesex County. In addition to children 
who died young, they had issue, 39. Jane, married Samuel William Sayre, 
July 23, 1804, and died at "Brandon," Jan. 1, 1806. S. W. Sayre was son 
of Stephen :Sayre, a native of Long Island, who removed to London, be- 
came an eminent merchant, a Whig leader in the City, and one of the 
sheriffs. His ardent Americanism brought him nearly to imprisonment 
in the Tower at the beginning of the Revolution. Stephen Sayre and his 
wife died at the residence of his son in Virginia in 1818. 
(To be Continued) 

William Gordon McCabe 



Armistead C. Gordon 

Member of the Executive Committee of the Virginia 
Historical Society 






William Gordon McCabe was born in Richmond, Virginia, 
August 4, 1841, and died there June 1, 1920. There he spent 
a large part of his life ; and to the historic city, rich in memories 
of all that has been Virginian, he gave a loyal and lasting 

He was the son of the Reverend John Collins McCabe, D. D., 
also a native of Richmond, and a friend of Edgar Allan Poe 
during his editorship of "The Southern Literary Messenger," 
to which Dr. McCabe was a frequent contributor. 

His record as a soldier of the Confederacy, whose fortunes 
he espoused when a lad at the University of Virginia and 
followed until Johnston surrendered to Sherman at Greensboro, 
had its prototype in that of his great-grandfather, James 
McCabe, an officer of the Revolution, who served the Conti- 
nental cause with conspicuous gallantry throughout the period 
of the war, and who had led his men in the column under 
Montgomery, through a driving snow storm, in the assault 
on Quebec in December, 1775, and caught in his arms his dying 
commander as he fell. 

If it was from his Revolutionary progenitor that Gordon 
McCabe, as his friends all called him, inherited some part of 
his military tendencies and talents, so from his father, Dr. 
John Collins McCabe, appears to have been transmitted to him 
a measure of that passionate pursuit of letters, — "the noble 
and simple presentation of things noble and simple" — which 
was an essential feature of his long career. 

Dr. McCabe, a militant churchman, born November 12th, 
1820, after studying medicine, entered the Episcopal ministry, 
and served at various times many churches, notably those at 
Smithfield and Hampton, Virginia. He was an indefatigable 
student and literary man, loving books and the investigation 
of old records, a poet, an essayist and an antiquarian. When 


the great civil conflict of the 'Sixties began, Dr. McCabe 
resigned a parish charge in Maryland, entered the Confederate 
service as chaplain of the 32nd Virginia Regiment in the Penin- 
sula, and afterwards became chaplain-general to the military 
prisons in Richmond. He survived the Confederacy, and died 
in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in 1875. 

During his youthful association with his father, to whom 
he was devoted with the singular attachment which illustrated 
his domestic life and his many friendships, young McCabe 
breathed in an atmosphere of books and reading and good 
talk; for the clergyman encouraged his son's literary instinct, 
and had a fine library ; and he entertained in his ^hospitable 
home a multitude of friends and visitors, who were repre- 
sentative of the best in the social life of the Virginia of that 
day. From him the boy learned first, what he always kept 
foremost in school and army and university and at the teacher's 
desk: "to ride, to shoot and to speak the truth"; and, for a 
close second, he cherished a love of literary things. He was 
accustomed to say that among the earliest memories of his 
childhood was that of lying face downward on the floor, 
propped upon his elbows, with an open volume between them, 
too big for him to hold, reading untiringly ; and he would 
insist with great earnestness that no one ever caught "the 
divine fire" of letters, who had not begun to "follow the gleam" 
after some such early fashion. 

His mother was Sophia Gordon Taylor, a great-grand- 
daughter of George Taylor, signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, for whose civic story he felt and exhibited great 
filial and patriotic pride. 

Sophia Gordon Taylor was sprung on the distaff side from 
the emigrant, Lewis Gordon, who was an influential citizen of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, and who came of a line of Galloway 
Scots that has adorned Border ballad and legend and history 
with the romance and adventure of "The Gay Gordons" of 
Earlston, Lochinvar and Kenmure. Of this Scottish strain 
in his veins he was very proud ; and to those bearing the name 
or inheriting the blood it was his delight to declaim, with the 
fervor and stirring intonation that went with whatever he 


recited or read aloud, the ballad-lines which enshrine the 
memory of the Jacobite Viscount William Gordon of Ken- 
mure, who lost his head on Tower Hill, after "The 'Fifteen" : 

"Here's Kenmure's health in wine, Willie, 
Here's Kenmure's health in wine ! 
There ne'er was a coward o' Kenmure's blude, 
Nor yet o' Gordon's line." 

One of the grandsons of Lewis Gordon, of Easton, was 
William Lewis Gordon, a distinguished officer in the United 
States Navy, who for gallantry in the War of 1812 with Great 
Britain was voted by the Commonwealth of Virginia a sword 
of honor. William Gordon McCabe was named for this sailor 
grand-uncle who had adopted Sophia Gordon Taylor after the 
death of her mother. 

The first ten years of his life were spent at Smithfield, Isle 
of Wight County, Virginia, where his father was the rector in 
charge of the parish whose history goes back to 1632. This 
was the time when he began to read the big books on elbows ; 
and here was first kindled the enthusiasm for "what is fine in 
human kind, that ruled his choice of books" and lasted him 
through life. 

The following six years he spent at Hampton, where Dr. 
McCabe was rector of St. John's Church, in a parish hardly 
less ancient and rich in historical associations than that at 
Smithfield, where as early as the year 1667, the parish records 
tell of "the new church of Kickotan." Here he attended the 
Hampton Academy, and received instruction at the hands of 
its scholarly principal, the late Col. John B. Cary, whose 
daughter, Gillie Armistead, became his second wife. At 
Hampton Academy, where he was a pupil for two years, he 
made a distinct impression on both school and teachers as a 
youth of uncommon intellectuality, of great eagerness to learn, 
and of unwearying industry; and when he left its walls he 
carried with him its highest honors, having won its gold medal 
twice and been its "valedictorian" upon his graduation in 1858. 
At this time he was already "as packed with energy, as fiery 


in hope," as he continued to the winter of his age; and his 
lasting possession of these qualities even unto his end, keeping 
him always youthful in spirit, gave for those who knew him 
best a finer interpretation and a nobler meaning to the Greek 
apothegm that "whom the gods love die young." 

After his graduation from the Hampton Academy he was 
private tutor in the family of the Seldens of Westover; and 
there, in the midst of associations dedicated to exalting mem- 
ories of much that was finest in the story of Colonial Virginia, 
we see him inaugurating his career as a writer of distinction 
with contributions to "The Southern Literary Messenger," 
beginning with a poem of unusual merit from a youth, written 
in 1858: "To my Alma Mater: Academia Hamptoniensis," and 
signed "An Old Boy," which was published in the July, 1859, 
number. This was followed by a series of historical essays 
and poems and stories, which were printed in the "Messenger" 
from time to time during his University career, and even while 
he was a soldier in the trenches. 

One can but believe that these early years at Smithfield and 
Hampton and Westover, lived in an atmosphere of inspiring 
memories and associations, and in constant contact with the 
highminded and cultivated gentlemen and gentlewomen of a 
golden age in Virginia, exercised an unconscious influence in 
fixing for him that lofty attitude toward life which struck 
the minds of his acquaintances with its loyalty, its manliness, 
its buoyant courage, its love of letters and of friends, and its 
indefinable charm of interest in the movement of the world. 

An incident of this contact with high thoughts and fine ideal- 
isms is in a little story of simplicity and generosity and loyalty, 
which he never tired of telling. One day, when riding with a 
neighbor of the Seldens, a prominent country doctor, who had 
once known affluence, but was then in reduced circumstances 
and compelled at an advanced age to return to the practice of 
his profession in order to support his family, the old gentleman 
drew rein, and pointing with his riding switch to where the 
James River "low-grounds" lay golden with the ripening har- 
vest as far as the eye could reach, said to him: 


"All these acres were once mine. I lost them by endorsing 
for a friend and neighbor. He was a noble gentleman, and 
had he ever been able, he would have repaid me every cent." 

In the autumn of i860 he entered the University of Vir- 
ginia. Here his time was short, for on the night of the 17th 
cf April, 1861, the day when the Virginia Convention dissolved 
the Commonwealth's association with the other States of the 
Federal Union, he set out with "The Southern Guard," a mili- 
tary company of fellow students, for Harper's Ferry, and re- 
mained thenceforward a soldier of the Confederacy, until the 
sun had set on the long and heroic struggle. 

Of the incidents of his life as a soldier, there is no room 
to write here. Entering the service as a private, he became in 
succession first lieutenant and captain of artillery. From 
Harper's Ferry to Appomattox and Greensboro, he served 
through the gigantic campaigns of that array of "tattered uni- 
forms and bright muskets," "which for four years carried the 
Revolt on its bayonets," with a constancy, a fidelity and a 
devotion that were unexcelled. The details of his service 
would fill a narrative of hard-fought battles, of weary marches, 
of suffering and self-denial, of gallant and enthusiastic cour- 
age, of unfaltering purpose, of pride and exultation in dearly 
won victories, of uncomplaining fortitude in defeat. But no 
shadow of regret, no thought of apology ever crossed his 
quenchless spirit, when time had made plain the ineffectually 
of it all. From Appomattox until death he championed with 
eloquent tongue and busy pen the cause he had fought for in 
"Our War," whose events remained always outlined before his 
memory with the clear simplicity of some immortal legend. 

In the years "after the War" he made many warm friends 
among the best of those who had once been his foes; but to 
rhem he yielded not even a tacit surrender of his convictions. 
And they in turn, won by his genuineness, his enthusiasm, his 
loyalties, if unconvinced by his accurate knowledge, his ready 
wit and quick resourcefulness, accorded to him the ungrudg- 
ing recognition of his sincerity. "To the kindest soul who 
ever cussed or killed a Yankee," wrote one of these North- 
erners on a photograph which he gave him. 


He loved to think and to read and to talk of the Confed- 
eracy and of the heroic deeds of its defenders ; and in later life 
he numbered among his closest associates many who had been 
of its civil and military leaders. His enthusiasms about it 
extended in unexpected directions. "I have been trying for 
months to find the name of the man who wrote 'The Bare- 
footed Boys'," he once said; and then he repeated with inde- 
scribable expression the lines of the poem, telling 

"How the South on a time 

Stormed the ramparts of hell 
With her barefooted boys." 

He was never satisfied until he got at the bottom of any 
question concerning the war, and either proved or disproved 
it ; whereupon his catholicity of spirit rested satisfied with the 
incontrovertible conclusion. He was as eager and as inter- 
ested in his demonstration in the press that "All quiet along 
the Potomac" was written, not by a southerner but by a north- 
ern woman, as he was to prove by meticulous evidence that 
Whittier's "Barbara Frietchie" was based on an alleged inci- 
dent that never could have occurred. He ranked, with those 
competent to judge, as a military critic of high order, and his 
"Defence of Petersburg" is regarded as a war classic. Among 
some of his most notable articles published in the English 
periodicals were papers on questions arising out of the War. 
He held Lee and Jackson and Stuart and their compeers in 
adoring memory ; and he taught his little grandchildren, in his 
afternoon drives with them along Monument avenue in Rich- 
mond, reverently to salute, as he himself never failed to do, 
Mercier's noble equestrian statue of the great Confederate 
Commander. In his letters to his friends allusions and refer- 
ences to the Confederacy and to incidents of the struggle 
repeatedly occurred ; and when he gave them books that bore 
in any direction upon its story, it was his pride and delight to 
write on the flyleaf of the volume, in the fine Oxford hand that 
marked the scholar and man-of- letters : "From W. Gordon 
McCabe, formerly Captain of Artillery, Pegram's Battalion, 
A. P. Hill's Corps, A. N. V." 


Yet with all his unforgetting loyalty to old memories, he 
was none the less loyal to the later duties and obligations of the 
highest citizenship under a reconciled and restored Union. 
No one took a larger or more eager interest in the success of 
the Allies and America in the World War, in which his young- 
est son, a colonel in the United States Army, served with dis- 
tinguished gallantry; but he regarded with scant respect the 
idea that it was a war "to make the world safe for democracy," 
— holding rather that it was fought in defense and vindication 
of the honor and the interest of the American Republic, as 
"Our War" had been fought for constitutional liberty, -and 
for homes and hearthstones. 

In October, 1865, he opened "The University School" at 
Petersburg, Virginia, and continued it there until he removed 
it in 1895 to the larger field of Richmond. One of his former 
pupils, on the occasion of the presentation in 1903, two years 
after the school was finally closed, to the University of Vir- 
ginia by his "Old Boys" of a portrait of its "Head Master," 
painted in London by the celebrated artist, Walter Urwick, 
described him as he was when he began his career as school- 
teacher : 

"Well do I remember him; a small, live, wiry, active man 
physically, almost a boy in appearance ; full of life, enthusiasm, 
mental activity, accomplishments and ability ; deeply interested 
in his work, with the highest ideals upon all subjects, and with 
rare power to maintain discipline and conduct his school, the 
latter doubtless due to his experience as an officer in the army ; 
a disciplinarian in the school-room, yet a player on the baseball 
nine of his older boys ; and in and out of the school always 
recognizing and treating each boy as a gentleman, and out of 
school as his equal and companion." In his annual school- 
catalogue his announcement of the school's discipline was as 
concise as its enforcement was invariable: "The discipline is 
strict. The honour system — (honor spelled always with the u, 
after the English fashion) — obtains entirely in the management 
of the school, and the only punishment for deviation from that 
e/stem is expulsion." To his pupils he taught, as for himself 
"he held, 


"That Life may go, if Honor stay"; 

and "the honour system" soon developed the honor habit in 
them. During his long experience he sent forth from the 
school many of whom he had made scholars, but he sent out 
very many more of whom he had made gentlemen. 

In a letter of his to Charles Foster Smith, reproduced in a 
paper on "Southern Colleges" in the "Atlantic Monthly" — in 
which a place among the best is accorded McCabe's University 
School, — he wrote: 

"I announced to the school that I should take every fellow's 
word as being as good as my own, and that in all matters 
touching personal honor a boy should be treated as any other 
gentleman; but if after such consideration on my part, he in 
any way forfeited his word, or even tampered with it, that he 
should not associate with me, nor with his honorable fellows. 
I drew the big fellows very closely to me. I was 'pitcher' on 
the school 'nine,' and was happy one day when I accidently 
overheard a boy say to another, as a knot of them were dis- 
cussing some point of honor: 'Well, I think any fellow who 
would tell McCabe a lie is a dirty blackguard'." 

The scholarship of the University School was of the high- 
est; and from its doors went into the Universities and the 
world a host of young men, who later became eminent as 
teachers and professors and ministers and lawyers and physi- 
cians, and who illustrated in their subsequent careers its lofty 
standards of learning and of life. Here his most significant 
work was done, and from it he derived the rich reward of a 
modest satisfaction in the conscious impression of his own 
personality upon the youths who had come under his tutelage. 
"The Old Man," as they called him, always felt that he had 
done his part by "the Boys." 

During this school-period he was constantly busy with his 
pen, and achieved enviable distinction as scholar and editor and 
author. He contributed essays and papers of recognized merit 
to leading magazines and newspapers ; and the foremost Eng- 
lish periodicals, such as "The Saturday Review" "The Acad- 


emy," and "The Oxford and Cambridge Reiriew" gladly wel- 
comed his articles on literary and military topics. He edited 
dictionaries and cyclopedias, and the writings of classical 
authors, he was "literary adviser" to great publishing-houses, 
he wrote Latin Grammars, and won fame among classical 
scholais as a Latinist "of exact and penetrating scholarship"; 
he collected and edited books of ballads; his multifarious 
knowledge and boundless energy found outlet in many direc- 
tions in the world of letters ; while he gave evidence of his 
ability and stirring eloquence as a speaker in a wide and ver- 
satile series of occasional addresses and speeches. 

He was a poet of no ordinary gifts, and his poems, for the 
most part written in war-time and characterized by a lyric 
fire and genuine poetic expression, have found a place in the 
leading authologies of America. In his later years, while 
President of the Virginia Historical Society, he gave in his 
annual "Reports" a long line of biographies of members of the 
Society who had died during his incumbency, which are un- 
usual in their literary character, and as distinctive within their 
limits for charm of style and sureness of touch as are the gentle 
"Essays of Elia" — "a well of English undefyled." 

He was "intus et in cute," the finest type of the Virginian 
of his generation, saturated with the history of Colony fc and 
Commonwealth, and carrying at his fingers' dnds the innumer- 
able details of their story. In his great library, teeming with 
first editions and with autographed volumes, the gifts of many 
friends who were writers throughout the English speaking 
world, his wonderful collection of "Virginiana" held first 
place ; and his delight in adding to it ceased only with his end. 
His collection of manuscripts was no less remarkable than his 
books ; and among them are hundreds of personal letters writ- 
ten to him by many of the foremost authors and soldiers and 
statesmen of America and England. 

Space fails for even a bald and austere catalogue of the 
societies, associations and organizations of which he was a 
member, and in most of which he held high official position. 
He was President of the Westmoreland Club of Richmond, 
where a generous and lavish Virginian hospitality has long 


abounded; of the "Society of the Sons of the Revolution in 
Virginia" ; of the "Society of the Cincinnati in Virginia," and 
of the "Society of the Signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence" ; and for several of them he was historiographer or 
historian-general. Among these organizations in which his 
distinction as scholar and soldier and orator gave him place, 
his affections and interest were most strongly centered upon 
the "Virginia Historical Society," of which he long held the 
office of President, — a position that he occupied at the time of 
his death. In its congenial work and its eminent accomplish- 
ments he had a constant pride, and on it he bestowed his con- 
tinuing devotion, his latest activities and many generous bene- 

His collegiate and University degrees included that of Mas- 
ter of Arts, honoris cauSa, from the venerable College of Wil- 
liam and Mary in Virginia, which also conferred on him the 
degree of Doctor of Laws; that of Master of Arts, honoris 
causa, from Williams College, Massachusetts ; and the Doctor- 
ate of Letters from Yale. 

For his own alma mater, the University of Virginia, which 
confers no honorary diplomas, but which had given him the 
incommunicable decoration of soldiership among her students, 
and of scholarship upon her rolls, he felt an abiding affection ; 
and he served her loyally as student, as alumnus, and as official 

But after all else is said of his honors, his illustrious friend- 
ships, his scholastic and literary achievements, and his varied 
experiences of life, it was the personal human side of him that 
was his most meaning and attractive possession. He had a 
genius for friendship. Wherever he went, whether to private 
home or club, in America or in England, his coming was hailed 
with delight by those who greeted him. His knowledge of 
what was best in books and in people, his charm as a talker, 
his unchallenged gift as a story-teller, his winning and kindly 
humor, his "keen sense of language and its imperial influence 
on men," the spell of his cheerfulness and ancient courtesy, — 
every grace and attraction that sprung from a fine sincerity, a 
generous sympathy, a warm heart, and a noble intellectual in- 


dependence, won for him a wide range of associates and friends 
among- both gentle and simple. 

In his domestic life he was all that husband and father could 
be in affection and unselfish devotion. His first wife, who was 
the mother of his children, and in every thought and deed his 
"helpmeet," was Jane Pleasants Harrison Osborne, whom he 
married April 9, 1867, and who died November 22, 191 2. As 
elsewhere stated, he married, second, March 16, 191 5, Gillie 
Armistead Cary, who had been, in his boyhood, his junior 
schoolmate and youthful companion, and who survives him. 

He had travelled much and in many lands, and had many 
intimate friends among the most intellectual men and women 
of his time ; and he was cosmopolite in the variety of his inter- 
ests, his experiences and his acquaintanceships. 

He lived a busy and useful and generous life ; and left wher- 
ever he passed unforgettable memories in the hearts of those 
along the way who learned to know him; and he died — after 
exceeding the allotted span of the Psalmist — as he had wished 
to die: not lingering, but quickly, as they who pass in battle. 
He never grew old in thought or feeling ; and his pursuits, his 
enthusiasms, his freshness of outlook upon life, were only 
quenched in death. 

So, as R. L. S. wrote of his preceptor, Fleeming Jenkin, "he 
passed ; but something in his gallant vitality had impressed it- 
self upon his friends, and still impresses. Not from one or 
two only, but from many, I hear the same tale of how imagina- 
tion refuses to accept our loss and instinctively looks for his 
reappearing, and how memory retains his voice and image 
like things of yesterday." 

(Note. — This paper was prepared at the request of the Executive 
Committee of the Virginia Historical Society.) 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVIII July, 1920 No. 3 


During the colonial period all land owners in Virginia paid 
to the King an annual "quit rent" of one shilling for every 
fifty acres. The list of the land owners and the amount each 
owned was prepared by the sheriffs of the various counties 
and delivered to the Receiver-General, who collected the quit 
rents and transmitted the lists, with his accounts, to the 
English government. 

It is singular that, as lists must have been sent annually, 
only one, that of 1704, has been discovered. The Library of 
Congress had a copy made of the original in the British 
Public Record Office, and that used here is from a photostat 
copy of the one in the Library of Congress. 

It is not certain that all of the persons named in these lists 
owned the lands in fee simple. There are some indications 
that persons renting or leasing lands may have been charged 
with the payment of the quit rents. For instance one of the 
Cary family of Warwick County died after 1704, bequeathing 
a certain tract of land. It does not appear on this roll in his 
name, but does appear in the names of two of his sons. 

Either the grantees of many large tracts of land bought to 
sell in smaller tracts (and this did often occur) or, else per- 
sons not holding by an absolute fee simple title were charged 


with the quit rents on the land they occupied. A study of 
one of the county rolls in connection with the county records, 
wills, deeds, etc., would be of interest. 

It can be readily seen that this quit rent roll is of consider- 
able interest and value. Unfortunately it does not include 
the counties between the Rappahannock and Potomac to 
their headwaters. These counties were Lancaster, Northumber- 
land, Westmoreland, Richmond and Stafford. The quit rents 
for this section — the Northern Neck — were paid to the pro- 
prietors, the Culpeper and Fairfax families successively. 

The amount derived from quit rents gradually increased. 
In 1684 it was £574 and in 1751, £16,433. This revenue was 
usually donated by the Crown for the uses of the colony. 

For notices of the subject see P. S. Flippin's "Royal Gov- 
ernment in Virginia," 233-235 ; P. A. Bruce's "Economic His- 
tory of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century," 556-563, and 
references given by them. 

At this time Henrico included the present Henrico and 
Chesterfield and westward, on both sides of the James River as 
far as the settlements extended. The Huguenots, just coming 
to Manakin Town, are not included. 

[Endorsed] Virginia 

Copy of the Rent Rolls of the Sev 11 Countys in Virg a for 
the year 1704 referred to in Col. Nicholsons Lres of the 25 
July last. 
Reed 8 October 

M. 61 Entred C. fol 365 

A True and Perfect Rent Roll of all the Lands held of her 
Maj t,e in Henrico County, Aprill 1705 


Andrews, Thomas 396 

Ascoutch, [Ascough] Mary 633 


Archer, J no. 


Adkins, Jno. 


Archer, Geo. 


Aldy, John 


Akins, James, Sen p 


Asbrook, Peter Sen r 


Akins, James, Jun r 


Allen, Kidd 




Byrd, [Wm] Esq r 


Boiling, Robt. 


Boiling, John 


Bevill, John 


Branch,. X. t0 [Christopher] 


Blackman, W m 


Bridgwater, Sam 11 


Bowman, John, Jun r 


Bowman, Edw d 


Branch, Benj a 


Brown, Martha 


Bullington, Benj* 


Bowman, Len. 




Bevell, Essex 


Baugh, John 


Baugh, James 


Burton, Isaac 


Bottom, John 


Bayley, Ab' r 


Brooks, Jane, belonging to 

W m Walker, New Kent 


Braseal, Henry 


Brazeal, Henry Jun r 


Burton, Rob 1 


Burgony, John 


Branch, James 




Burrows, W m W m Blackwell, 

New Kent 


Branch, Thomas 


Bailey, Thomas 


Branch, Matthew 


Burton, W m 


Bullington, Rob 1 


Broadnax, Jno. J C C [James City Co.] 


Beverley, Robt. 



Cheatham, Tho. 

Cox, Batt. 

Cox, John 

Cox, George 

Chamberlaine, Maj r Tho. 

Childers, Ab r , Sen 1- 

Cannon, John 

Cox, W m 

Childers, Ab r Jun r 

Clark, W m 

Clark, John 

Cox, Rich d 

Cardwell, Tho. 

Croydall, Roger 

Cock, W m 

Cock, Rich d Sen r 

Childers, Philip Sen 1 " 

Childers, Philip 

Childers, Tho. 

Carter, Theo. 

Cock, Capt. Thomas 

Couzins, Charles 

Clerk, Alenson 

Cock, James 

Curd, Edw d 















Cock, Rich d C C C [Charles City Co.] 476 
Cock, John 98 



Dison, Nicholas 


Dodson, W m 


Douglas, Charles 




Edw d , Tho. 


Entroughty, [Enroughty] Derby 


Ealam, Robt. 


Ellis, John 


East, Tho. Sen r 


East, Tho. 


East, Edw d 


Epes, Capt. Fra. 


Evans, Charles 


Ealam, Martin 


Epes, Isham, Epes, 


Jun r 

each 444^2 Acres 



Field, Peter Majo r 2185 

Farrar, Capt. W m 700 

Farrar, Tho. 1444 

Farrar, Jno. 600 

Fowler, Godfrey 250 

Ferguson, Robt. 230 

Ferris, W m 50 

Franklin, James Sen r 250 

Franklin, James Jun r 786 

Ferris, Rich d Sen 1 " 550 

Farmer, Henry 100 

Forrest, James 138 


Forrest, John 150 

Fetherstone, Henry 700 

Farloe, John Sen 1- 100 

Farloe, John Jun r 551 

Faile, John 240 


Gilley Grewin Arrian [Gilligrew Marin, or 

Gilly Gromarin] 


Gee, Henry 


Good, [Goode] John Sen 1 " 


Gaithwaite, Sam 11 


Gaithwaite, Ephraim 


Granger, John 


Gill, John 


Good, [Goode] Sam" 


Gower, James, Grig's Land 




Hill, James 


Holmes, Rich 3 


Harris, Tho. 


Harris, Tim 


Hill, Rosam* 


Hobby, Lawrence 


Hatcher, John 


Haskins, Edw d 


Hatcher, Edw d Sen 1 " 

J 5o 

Hunt, Geo. 


Hughs, Edw d 


Hancock, Sam 11 


Holmes, Thomas 


Hambleton, James 


Hutchins, Nich 


Hatcher, Benj a Sen r 



Hatcher, W m Jun r 50 

Hobson, W m 150 

Hatcher, W m Sen r 298 

Hatcher, Henry 650 

Hancock, Robert 860 

Harris, Mary 94 

Hall, Edw a 184 

Herbert, Mrs. 1360 

Hudson, Robt. 281 



Jones, Hugh 


Jefferson, Thomas 


Jones, Philip 


Jorden, Henry 


Jamson, John 


Jackson, Ralph 




Kennon, Eliz b 


Knibb, Sam 11 


Knibb, Soloman 


Kendall, Rich* 




Liptroll, Edw d 150 

Lewis, W m 350 

Lester, Darius 100 

Ladd, W m 70 
Ligon, Eliz b Widdo 

Ligon, Mary Wid° 1341 

Laforce, Ren [or Rene.] 100 

Lockett, James 50 

Lownd, Henry 516 

Lockett, Benj a 104 


Ligon, Rich d 1028 

Ligon, Hugh 150 



Mann, Robt. 


Matthews, Edw d 


Mosely, Edw d 
Mosely, Arthur 




Nunnally, Rich d 



Osbourn, Tho. 


Owen, Tho. 



Perkinson, John 622 

Perrin, Ann 500 

Pleasants, John 9669 

Parker, W m 100 

Parkins, Nich Sen 1 " 500 

Pledge, Jno. 100 

Powell, Rob 1 150 

Peice, John 130 

Pleasant, [Pleasants] Jos. 1709 

Porter, W m 305 

Peirce, W m 175 

Peirce, Francis 312 

Paine, Thomas 300 

Portlock, Eliz* 1000 

Pew, Henry 350 

Pattrane, Fra. 778 

Pride, W m Sen r 1280 

Polland, Thomas Sen 1 " 130 

Perkinson, Seth 50 


Puckitt, W m 192 

Puckitt, Tho. 300 

Pattison, Joseph 500 

Porter, John 100 

Polland, Tho jun r 235 

Polland, Henry 235 

Puckitt, John 215 



Robertson, Geo. 1445 

Ragsdale, Godfrey 450 

Rawlett, [Rowlett] Peter 164 

Russell, Charles 200 

Rowlett, W m 200 

Rowen, Fra. 148 

Robertson, John 415 

Rouch, Rachell 300 

Robertson, Thomas 200 

Russell, John 93 

Royall, Joseph 783 

Redford, John 775 
Randolph, Coll. Wm. 

including 1185 Acres in Swamp 9465 



Steward, J no Jun r 902 

Scott, Walter 550 

Soane, Capt. Wm. 3841 

Stanley, Edw d 300 

Scruggs, Charles 400 

Sewell, W m 59 

Smith, Humphrey 40 

Sharp, Robert 500 

Stovoll, Barth 100 

Sherrin, Widd 75 

Steward, Daniell 270 


Smith, Obadiah C C C [Chas. City Co.] 200 

Stowers, Wid° 200 

Sarragin, Stephen 120 



Tancocks Orphans 1230 

Trent, Henry 224 

Turpin, Thomas 491 

Turpin, Philip /\*\\ 

Turpin, Tho. 100 

Turner, Henry 200 

Taylor, Tho. 475 

Tanner, Edw d 217 

Tray lor, Edw d 100 

Totty, Tho. 260 

Traylor, M ra 730 



Voden, [Vaden] Henry 100 


Woodson, John 4060 

W ms , Robt. 300 

Woodson, Robt. Jun r 11 57 

Ward, Rich d 300 

Watson, John Sen r 1603 

Walthall, W m 500 

Walthall, Henry 832 

Whitby, W m 215 

Watkins, Henry Sen r 100 

Webb, John 100 

Watkins, Tho. 200 

Woodson, Rich d 180 

Woodson, Wid° 650 

Williamson, Tho. 1077 



Webb, Giles 


Wood, Tho. 



W m 






Edw d 


Ward, Seth 


Wood, Moses 


Wilkinson, Jos. 


Wilkinson, John 



1, John 

1 104 


Ab r 


Willson, John Sen r 


Willson, _ 

John Jun r 






, [Worsham] Geo. 



, [Worsham?] Charles 



W m 







































B 33590 

A 4106 

Totall 165814 

Out of which must be deducted these 
sev 11 quantities of Land following 
viz: Tancockes Orphans Land 1230 

Aliens Orphans Land 99 


An Acct. of Land y* hath 

been concealed 

John Steward Jun r 


Tho Jefferson 


Tho Turpin 


Hen Gee 


Steph Sarrzen 


M r Lownd 


James Atkin Sen r 


Matt Branch 


James Franklin 


James Hill 


Rosemond Hill 


John Bullington 


Benj a Lockett 


John Russell 


Charles Douglas 


Coll Randolph Carles [Curies] Swamp 



The Q l Rent being 1627 19 Acres 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


A Court at James Citty the 10 th of October, 1627, present: 

S'r George Yeardley, Knt. Gov. &c 
Capt. West Mr. Secretarie 

Doctor Pott Capt. Tucker 

Capt. Smyth Mr Farrar 1 

Mr. Persey 

Whereas there remaine certaine of the Duty 2 boyes whose 
first seaven yeares of service as apprentises expired in May 
last past, & were from that time to begin to serve other seaven 
yeares as Tenants for halves, the Court hath ordered that the 
sayd boyes shall for the sayd time of seaven yeares as Tenants 
for halves, serve S'r George Yeardley, Knt. now Governor, & 
that he have the benefitt of their service or to make composi- 
tion w'th them for the same as they will agree w'th him. And 
this the Court doth the rather order in regard that all the 

1 William Farrar, or Ferrar, who was born 1594-5 and came to 
Virginia in the ship Neptune in 1618. He was a Commissioner 
(Magistrate) for the Upper Parts, a member of the Council from 
1623 to 1633 and probably until his death, which occurred some 
time before June 11, 1637. It was once believed that he was a 
son of Nicholas Ferrar, St., of London, but this is an error. He 
was possibly the son of John Farrar, Esq., of London (of the Far- 
rars, or Ferrars, of Eawood, Yorkshire), who in his will dated April 
24, 1628 (this Magazine XXII, 398), made bequests to his son, 
William, then out of England. 

2 These were 50 London boys sent to Virginia in 1620, in the ship 
Duty, to be apprenticed to planters. 


Tenants belonging to ye place of Governor are now freed & 
noe meanes remaining for the maintenance of the place. 

Uppon the request of the Governor to the Court in the be- 
halfe of serg't Richaard Popeley 3 it is ordered that sixteene 
hundred pounds weight of tobacco be this yeare paid unto 
him out of some of those fines that are now dew unto ye 
Publique whereby the estate of ye said Popely may be relieved 
& in some sort restored, he being a man that hath both here- 
tofore & is still ready to doe good service to ye Colony. And 
haveing for this yeare given his attendance uppon ye Gov- 
ernor & being to continue in his employment until the spring. 

It is ordered that Robert Wright & Andrew Rawleigh 4 
shall have a lease for ten yeares of that parcel of land lately 
belonging unto Thomas Grubb, Joiner, of James Citty Island 
and by his will given unto them. 

At this Court were read & heard divers examinations touch- 
ing Will'm Garret the servant of Mr. Abraham Persey, his 
lewd behavior w'th Katherine Lemon his fellow servant, and 
the Court after full examination & debate uppon the matter, 
doe not find as yet sufficient cause to punish the said Will'm 
Garrett any farther then for that fault for w'ch he hath 
allready been punished by Mr. Persey. 

A Court at James Citty the 11 th of October, 1627, present: 

S'r George Yeardley, Knt. Governor &c 
Capt. West in pomerdino 
Doctor Pott Mr. Secretary 

Capt. Smyth Capt. Tucker 

Mr. Persey Mr. Farrar 

3 Richard Popely, who was born in 1608 in the parish of Wolley, 
Yorkshire, owned, later, 700 acres at the Middle Plantation (Wil- 
liamsburg) . In 1624-5 he was living on the plantation of Rev. Jonas 
Stockton at Elizabeth City, and is stated, in the Census, to have 
come in the Bona Nova in 1620. 

* Andrew Railey was living on James City Island 1624-5. Thomas 
Grubb, who came in the George was an inhabitant of the same 


Whereas there was a controversy pursued in Court between 
Beniman Sim's & Joan Meatheart his servant by him brought 
over into this Country w'th an interest to make her his wife 
and for that uppon some dislike between them about the be- 
ginning of May last past, it was agreed that the sayd Joan Meat- 
heart should serve the sayd Beniman Sim's 5 for the terme 
of two yeares then next ensueing as by the testimonyes of 
Richard Brewster & Steven Barker doth appear, The Court 
hath ordered that the said Joan shall performe the sayd time 
of service for two yeares, shee being put to serve the same 
unto Mr. John Gill & he to pay unto ye said Beniman in con- 
sideration thereof one hundred weight of Tobacco & to de- 
liver him one man servant as soon as any shall arrive here 
by any shipping for the terme of three yeares. 

It is ordered that John Phillips & Joan White for their of- 
fence in com'itting fornication, whereby the said Joan hath 
had a bastard, shall be whipped at ye Post at James Citty & 
receive 40 stripes a piece. And farther that Mr. Persey doe 
take such course as they may be separated and not suffered to 
come together. 

Susan Wilson sworne & examined sayeth that about two 
months after that Steven Tailor had been put out to service 
unto Allen Kineston by Mrs. Doctor Pott, the sayd Kineston 
brought home to the Doctor's house the sayd Tailor being 
verie lame, And then Mrs. Pott in her husband's absence tooke 
the said Tailor into her house uppon the said Kinestons in- 
treaty, hee saying that he would pay whatsoever it would cost. 

Steven Tailor being examined sayeth that he himselfe being 
sicke & brought home to Doctor Potts his house, by his mas- 
ter, Allen Kineston, 8 hee heard ye sayd Kineston to say I pray 
take him in, & whatsoever costs & charges he is at I will pay 
for it. 

5 Benjamin Simms, or Syms, was afterwards the founder of the 
first free school in Virginia, the Syms Free School, Elizabeth City 
County, still existing in part, in the Syms-Eaton Academy at Hamp- 
ton. In 1624-5 he was aged 33 and lived at Basse's Choice. 

e Allen Keniston, who came in the Margaret & John, lived at 
Pashbehays, 1624-5. 


The Court having taken into their consideration danger 
w'ch might ensue to ye Colony by those Indians 7 of the Carib 
Islands w'ch were lately brought into ye Country by Capt. 
Sampson, & haveing admonished the said Capt. Sampson to 
consider w'th himselfe what profitt he could make by the said 
Indians, & to devise w'th himselfe so to dispose of them, as 
that they may prove noe discom'oditie to ye Colonic The said 
Capt. Sampson hath returned his answere to ye Court that 
he knoweth noe way or means to dispose of those Indians, but 
delivereth them wholy upp unto our hands to dispose of them 
as we shall please, The Court hereuppon having had full & 
large deliberation of this matter, & being likewise given to 
understand by good information that the said Indians have 
run away and hid themselves in the woods attempting to goe 
to ye Indians of this Country as some of them have revealed & 
confessed, And for that they have stolen away divers goods, 
& attempted to kill some of our people as by good probability 
wee are informed, And for that especially they may hereafter 
be a means to overthrow the whole Colony, have adjudged 
them to be presently taken & hanged till they be dead. 

A Court at James Citty the 12 th of October 1627, being 
present : 

Sir George Yeardley, Knt. Go. &c 

Capt. West Mr. Persey 

Doctor Pott Mr. Secretarie 

Capt. Smyth Capt. Tucker 

Capt. Mathewes Mr. Farrar 

The voiadge of going to Pamunkey was taken into consid- 

7 The Oaribs, originally resident in Guiana and on the lower Ori- 
noco, and on the Windward and other islands in the Caribbean Sea, 
were a cruel, ferocious and warlike race, who long fiercely resisted 
the Spaniards. It would be interesting to know how Capt. Samp- 
son got his cargo. Their character was well known to all who fre- 
quented that sea and it would be known that an attempt to capture 
them for sale as slaves would be a most risky venture. It is prob- 
able that Sampson had been paid to carry away a lot of captured 
Caribs and drop them where he chose, so that it would be far 
enough to prevent their return. 


It was the opinion of the Court that Capt. Mathewes 8 should 
<ioe his best indeavor to procure such a number of volunteers 
through the whole Colony, as may be sufficient to go to Pa- 
munkey or uppon any other Indians our enemyes, And that 
after notice by him given to ye Court there shall be a Comis- 
sion granted unto him to authorize him for the proseqution of 
that voiadge. 

A Court at James Citty the 13 th of October 1627, being 
present : 

Sir George Yeardley, Knt. Governor &c 

Capt. West Mr. Persey 

Doctor Pott Mr. Secretarie 

Capt. Smyth Capt. Tucker 

Capt. Mathewes Mr. Farrar 

The Court being informed that divers planters at Accaw- 
macke doe intend at the old plantation Creeke and at Magety 
Bay on that shoare to erect some new plantations and to seat 
themselves in such sort as may be both inconvenient & dan- 
gerous, uppon full & large deliberation concerning the same, 
have resolved in noe sort to permit such their planting, but 
rather to keepe them, as much as may be, seated closely to- 
gether, & rather more especially to indeavor the full planting 
of ye Forest 9 then any other place. 

At this Court Mr. Abraham Persey put in a bond of one 
Samuell Kennells, 10 deceased, in suite againste John Barnet 
who hath marryed the wife & relicte of ye said Kennell, And 
the Court hath adjudged the said Barnet shall pay the debt 
of the said bond, viz. the sume of three hundred pounds of 
tobacco, unto Mr. Persey, for that the wife of ye said Kemmell 

s Captain Samuel Mathewes, afterwards Governor. 

9 The "Forest" was the country between the James and the York. 

10 Samuel Kennell was in John Lauckfield's "Muster", at Elizabeth 
City in 1624-5. He was then aged 30 and had come in the Abigail 
in 1621. John Barnett, aged 26, in 1624-5, who had come in the 
Jonathan in 1620, lived at James City 1624-5. 


did w'thout any order by Court given Administer & put away 
all the estate of the said Kemmell, And this is ye opinion of ye 
Court, notw'thstanding that ye said Barnet marryed her w'th- 
out and goods of ye said Kennell's. 

(To be continued) 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 225 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-82 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury and Copies in the McDonald 
and Dejarnette Papers, Virginia State Library). 


Order for Lord Culpeper's Departure. 

At the Court of White Hall the 17 th of June 1682 

The Kings most Excellent Ma tle in Council 

Whereas His Mat le upon information of the disorders and 
Tumultts lately arisen, and carried on by several Inhabitants 
within this Colony of Virginia hath thought fit in order to the 
suppression thereof, to command the Lord Culpeper His 
Ma' ties Governor in Chief of that Colonie to embarque him- 
selfe for that place by the first of August next and in the 
meantime to prepare himselfe in case of any sudden emer- 
gency as to bee in readiness within a weeks time after notice 
to repair to his said Government. It was Ordered by His 
Ma ty in Council that the R* Hono ble the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty doe forthwith give directions for the imme- 
diate equipping one of His Ma tye Frigates such as they shall 
judge fittest, to be in readiness within the time above men- 
tioned for transporting the said Lord Culpeper to Virginia. 

Order for Lord Culpeper's Departure. 

At the Court of White Hall the 13 th of July 1682 

The King's most Excellent Ma tie in Council 

Whereas the Right Hono bIe the Lords of the Committee of 
Trade and Foreign Plantations did this day acquaint His 


Ma ty in Council that upon consideration of the present state 
of affairs in Virginia they had on the Sixth of this Instant 
signified to the Lord Culpeper the necessity of his making 
himselfe ready to embarque on the 15 th Instant on Board the 
Frigat intended to transport his Lo p to Virginia. His Ma ty in 
Council is hereby pleased to Order that the Lord Culpeper doe 
not fail to embarque himselfe on Saturday next being the 15 th 
Instant in pursuance of the directions signified unto his Lo p by 
the Committee. 

Report Concerning Virginia. 

At y e Committee of Trade & Plantations Friday the 21 st 
of July 1682 

Lord President Earl of Aylesbury 

Duke of Ormond Earl of Conway 

Earl of Craven Earl of Halifax 

Earl of Bath Lord Visco 1 Hyde 

Earl of Clarendon Mr. Godolphin 

The Lords of the Committee of Trade and Foreigne Plan- 
tations agree most humbly to represent to His Ma ty That in 
consideration of the present state of affairs in Virginia which 
are in very much disorder to the great prejudice of His Ma tye 
Authority and Revenue His Ma ty would be pleased to appoint 
some fit person who may be forthwith sent to that Govern- 
ment with such powers and Instructions as shall be necessary 
for His Ma ties Service. 

Order in Regard to Frigates Going to Virginia. 1 

At the Court at White Hall the 13 th of July 1682 

The King's most Exct Ma ty in Council 

1 It is evident that the English Government was disturbed by the 
plant-cutting commotions in Virginia and feared a repetition of 
Bacon's Rebellion. 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 227 

Whereas the Right Hono ble the Lords of the Committie for 
Trade and Plantations did this day represent unto His Ma ty 
the present state of Affairs in Virginia. It is upon consider- 
ation thereof hereby Ordered in Council that the Right 
Hono' ble the Commiss' rs of the Admiralty doe give Instructions 
to the Captain of the Frigat designed to carry the Lord Cul- 
peper to Virginia that hee remain in that place with the Frigat 
under his command in case of an actual Rebellion And that 
the Captain during such Rebellion may receive his directions 
from the Lord Culpeper or the Commander in Chief for the 
time being 

And it is His Ma ties further pleasure that the said Commiss rs 
doe send Orders to the Captain of the Norwich Frigat now 
at Jamaica That hee call at Virginia in his return home and 
that in case of an actual Rebellion there at the time of his 
arrival and not otherwise he may be ordered to follow such 
directions as shall be given him by the Lord Culpeper touch- 
ing his stay there and prosecution of His Ma ties Service for 
soe long time as the said Commissioners shall think convenient 
in such case who are likewise to direct the said Captain to 
take on board, upon his departure from that place all such 
ammunition and Stores of Warr as the Lord Culpeper or the 
Commander in Chief of Virginia for the time being shall 
think fitt. 

Order Concerning Military Stores in Virginia. 

At the Court of White Hall the 13 th of July 1682 

The King's most Excell 1 Ma tle in Council 

Whereas it was this day represented to His Ma tle by the 
Right Hono b,e the Master General of the Ordnance that a 
considerable quantity of Ammunition Arms and other Stores 
of Warr, sent to Virginia during the late Rebellion are yet 
remaining there It is hereby Ordered by His Ma ty in Coun- 
cil That soe much of the Stores as are necessary for His Ma tle8 
Service may be kept in some place where they may bee se- 


cure And that if any part of the Stores shall appear necessary 
for the use of the Inhabitants they may be- sold to such per- 
sons and at such reasonable rates as the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief for the time being with the advice of the 
Council shall agree for and that the money for which they 
shall be sold be forthwith transmitted to the Office of the Ord- 
nance and an acct thereof be turned into the Exchequer as is 
usual in like cases as alsoe that the remainder of the stores 
that shall be found not absolutely needful for that Plantation 
bee immediately sent home in the Norwich Frigat. Whereof 
this Right Hono ble the Lord Culpeper and all other persons 
whom it may concern are to take notice and to proceed ac- 

Order That No Governor Depart From His Government 
Without Leave. 

That in August 1682 was delivered to my Lord Culpeper 
an Authentick copie of an Order of Council dated the 3 rd of 
November 1680 commanding that noe Governor of His Ma tles 
Plantations doe come into England from his Government with- 
out leave from His Ma tie in Council first obtained, Which 
Order is Entered in the Book of Plantations in general — 
page 82. 

No King's Ships to Lade Merchandize in the Plan- 

7 th of Feb* 1682 

It was ordered that the several Governors of His Ma' t,es 
Plantations in America doe not permit any of His Ma' tles Ships 
coming within their respective Jurisdictions to lade any Goods 
or Merchandises whatsoever or give any Instructions con- 
trary to the Standing Instructions of the Navy And that they 
doe not upon any misdemeanor or accident hap'ning on board 
any of His Ma ties Ships call any Court Martial for the Tryal 
of the Offenders but take depositions of the fact and transmit 
the same hither in order to their Tryal for the same. 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 229 

Order on Petition of Richard Buller. 

[Richard Buller, 2 merchant, of London, petitions the King 
for the restitution of certain deer skins seized in Virginia. 
On March 2d, 1682, the King in Council gave order, which 
recited the fact that certain deer skins and other goods be- 
longing to him had been seized in Virginia on board the Dol- 
phin, of London, as forfeited by virtue of a recent act passed 
there prohibiting the exportation of such commodities. The 
matter was referred to the Lords of Trade and Foreign Plan- 
tations. On March 21st that body advised that due time was 
not given in Virginia for notification of the act and that, as 
the forfeited goods were vested in the King, that the goods 
be restored to the petitioner.] 

Secretary Spencer to the Committee of Trade and 

May it please your Lordships 

1 humb'y present unto your Lordships the Journal of the 
last Assembly and as its my duty your Lo' ps will alsoe here- 
with receive the Acts that Session made and passed. I hum- 
bly suppose the time spent (or rather mispent) in long de- 
bates between the two Houses, of no other moment than that 
of the Clerk of the House of Burgesses, as alsoe their positive 
desires and motions to have members of the Council conjoined 
with their committees will not pass your Lord' ps reading with- 
out animadversions thereon. 

And as the matter represents itself e the U. Gov' r and Coun- 
cil may bee censured, therefore humbly begg leave to inform 
your Lord' ps great sums of tobacco were to be raised for y e 
paying off the four Garrisons two years in arrear — which, to- 

2 Act III of the session of the General Assembly of March, 1680, 
forbade the exportation of deer and calf skins on account of the need 
of leather in Virginia. The seizure of Buller's goods was made 
in December, 1682, and Governors Culpeper and Effngham each 
held that the seizure was proper. The latter stated that Buller's 
agent, John Herbert of Prince George County (who had a son, 
Buller Herbert) confessed that he was trying to evade the law. 


gether with the unhappy circumstances the Government lay 
under by the late tumults and meetings in Plant Cutting daily 
threatening fresh Iruptions contracted a great charge and noe 
standing revenue to discharge the same, nor by any ways or 
means to be effected but by y* ord' 17 course of a Assembly 
raising Tobaccos by the pole ; neither in that juncture was the 
peace and quiet of the Government soe intirely quieted and 
settled as to offer at fresh hazards which the House of Bur- 
gesses made use of and from y e same raized an expectation of 
gaining their floaty desires in which all circumstances consid- 
ered ; hope may receive your Lordships favorable opinion. 

And I begg leave to assure your Lo' ps tho' it has been and is 
y e great care of the Government to prevent such impositions, 
yet it is hardly possible for the Government to avoid such 
streights not having a Fund wherewith to discharge the con- 
stant necessary charges thereof but by an Assembly, the con- 
vening of which by the Burgesses brings in the Countys they 
represent, is often found to exceed the whole public charge 
of the Government which formerly was provided for by a 
Law 3 impowering y e Governor and Council to raise a levy on y e 

s Spencer's letter shows the illiberal feeling which had animated 
some Virginians since the Restoration. Before 1660 the General 
Assembly repeatedly declared that it alone had the right to levy 
and disburse taxes. In March 1623-4 (Hening, I, 124), February, 
1631-2 (ib. I, 171), September 1632 (ib. I, 196), March 1642-3 (ib. I, 
244), this claim is clearly and positively made. The Articles of 
Surrender to the Commonwealth of England, March 12, 1651, ac- 
knowledged this right. At the session of March, 1660-1 (ib. II, 21), 
an order of the Governor (Berkeley) and Council imposing a duty 
of five shillings on each barrell of provisions exported was confirmed 
by the Assembly and ordered to be continued until the end of the 
next July. The action of the Governor and Council was an innova- 
tion probably held justified by the emergency; but it was evidently 
considered that the approval of the Assembly was needed. The 
influence of the Restoration was farther shown in Virginia, as it 
was in England, by another act of the same session (ib. II, 24). The 
Assembly authorized the Governor and Council in September, 1662, 
and for three succeeding years, to levy a tax of not more than 20 
lbs. of tobacco per poll. This dangerous departure from popular 
government was repeated in an act of March, 1661-2, *(ib. : II, 35). 
On Nov. 9, 1667, however, Berkeley desired to send two councillors 
to sit with the Burgesses when the levy was laid; but they replied 
that it was their privelege alone, to which the Governor "willingly 
assented." In November, 1682, (ib. II, 507), the levy was laid by 
the General Assembly and this continued to be done throughout the 
'Colonial period. 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 231 

people not exceeding thirty pounds of Tobacco pr pole for 
answering and satisfying public charges. That Law revised 
or a Power of the like nature would enable the Govern- 
or a Power of the like nature would enable the Governor and 
Council to maintain and keep up the Dignity of the Govern- 
ment and free the Inhabitants of the charge of too frequent 

And to the intent all interests may therewith be satisfied. 
It is humbly proposed the account of the whole summe soe 
raised with all its Articles of Payments bee produced to the 
next General Assembly manifesting for what use the Tobacco 
was raised and how disposed of. 

Upon the closure of the Assembly his Ex' Iie the Lord Cul- 
peper whom if wee had been soe happy to have enjoyed at the 
first meeting thereof, his Lo p ' 8 great prudence and knowledge 
in Government would have allaied all heats and fitly tempered 
matters and expedited the affairs thereof for His Majesty's 
Service. The disorders in plant cutting are well settled and 
at the next General Court which is at hand some of the most 
notorious plant cutters will by due course of Law bee pro- 
ceeded against, there will be a full meeting of the Council and 
what Orders will there pass shall transmit to your Lo p ' 8 to- 
gether with all Orders of Council since my last return. And 
in the interim humbly begg your Lo p ' s favorable acceptance 
of the zealous endeavours of service from R* Hono ble . 
Your most humble & most obedient servant, 

Nicho. Spencer. 
James City 
March 20 th 1682/3 
Received May 21, 1683. 

Letter from the Clerk of the Virginia Assembly. 

To the Right Hono bIe the Lords Committees of His Ma t,e * 
most Hono ble Privy CounciLFor Trade and Foreign Planta- 


Right Hono ble 

In obedience to your Lo' ps commands to the Clerk of the 
Assembly of Virginia for the time being to send home to your 
Lo' p8 a Journal of the Assemblys proceedings, with copies 
of the Votes, Orders, Bills and Laws I have transmitted to 
your Lo' ps a copy of the Journal of the House of Burgesses 
at the Assembly begun at James Citty the 10 th day of No- 
vember 1682, together with Copies of the Acts and publick 
levy and proportion thereof for payment in the several countys 
in this Country the like whereof I have delivered to His Ex cle 
the Lord Culpeper which hee was pleased to say should bee 
sent by some Ship soon after the rising of the said Assembly 
and I shall take care that Duplicats shall be sent to your Lo ps 
by the next conveniency 

Right Hono ble 

Your Lo P8 most Humble and most devoted 

Servant Thomas Milner Clerk 

to the Assembly 

Received June 7, 1683. 

Secretary Spencer to the Committee of Trade and 

May it Please your Lo ps 

With my last to your Lo PB of the 20 th of March 1682/3 I 
humbly presented your Lo p ' 8 the Journal of the last Assembly 
and all Acts then made and passed and in pursuance of my 
duty I herewith transmit to your Lo ps all Orders of Council 
which have passed since the 9 th of May 1683 by which your 
Lo ps will receive an account of all Political occurrences in 
this His Ma' ttes Government which at present (I thank God) 
is in a peaceable and quiet condition all former disorders of 
plant cutting being by the prudent management of his Ex' cle 
the Lord Culpeper composed and settled and to deter others 
futurely from the like attempts examples have been made of 
two of the most notoriously active mutineers the last Summer 

VIRGINIA IN l68l-82 233 

in plant destroying who have deservedly suffered death for 
the same. One more condemned for the same who, being a 
very young fellow and ill seduced, and since having given all 
outward assurances of a hearty and sincere repentance his Ex' oy 
hath though fit to suspend the execution of the sentence of 
death passed upon him untill His Ma tles pleasure shall bee 
therein further known. Our only Commodity Tobacco having 
the last Winter a pretty quick market hath encouraged the 
Planters vigorously to go on this year with the same, of 
which there is the greatest probability of an early and plenti- 
ful crop as I have known. His Ex' cy having well setled all 
affairs and noe other prospect but of their soe continuing, 
His Ex' cy takes this opportune time to make a Voyage for 
England to render His Ma' ty and Your Lo p ' 8 the present state 
of His Ma' tleB affairs in this Government in whose absence 
according to His Ma tles Commission of Instruction to His Ex' 07 
the Lord Culpeper the Government resides in a President and 
Council, whom cannot doubt but will according to their duty 
to His Ma' ty with all care and due circumspection keep up 
and maintain this His Majestys Government. Your Lo' ps will 
receive from his Ex' cy the Lord Culpeper so full and signifi- 
cant an account of all Affairs that for me to enlarge on the 
Same would give your Lo ps an unnecessary trouble therefore 
humbly begg leave without further enlargement to conclude 
that I am 

Your Lo P8 most humble and obedient 


Nicho. Spencer 
James Citty 
May 29 th 1683 
Received June 19, 1683. 

Culpeper's Patent as Governor for Life Forfeited. 

[On Aug. 2, 1683, a Commission was appointed to enquire 
whether Lord Culpeper had forfeited his patent. On Aug. 


the matter was tried "Apud le Court House proacto S'te 
Clements Ducor in Comt. Midd" and it was found that on 
account of his absence frim his government without leave, he 
had forfeited his patent.] 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. D. 19, England. 

Extracted from the Consistory Court Records of the Diocese 
of Gloucester. 

Chamberlayne, Edward Pye. 

Abstract of Will of Edward Pye Chamberlayne of the Boyce 
in the parish of Dimock Co Gloucester Esquire 
I give unto my Son Thomas the sum of two hundred pounds 
An the rest of my personal estate & money of my Grove I 
have lately sold I give &c to be equally divided between my 
younger children namely my said Son Thomas, Deborah, Anne 
Elizabeth and Mary I give to my said younger children, 
Thomas Deborah Anne Elizabeth and Mary the sum of one 
thousand two hundred pounds to be equally divided between 
them charged and payable out of all my manors messuages 
lands tenements and hereditaments within the said parish of 
Dimock to be paid as soon as my elder son shall come to the 
age of 21 years for non payment of which said sum as afore- 
said my Will is my Son Thomas & daughters Deborah Anne 
Elizabeth & Mary or survivors shall enter in & upon all said 
manors &c until sum of £1200 shall be paid & satisfied 
I appoint my Mother Yem & my Wife Executors 
Will dated 14 April 1729 

E Pye Chamberlayne 

James Wingod Peter Thomas John Cam 
Proved 12 May 1729 by Dorothy Yem & Elizabeth Cham- 
berlayne the Executrixes 


Thomas Chamberlayne of City of Bristol (sic P. A. B.) 

Will dat. 2 Mar. 1748 £1,000 which Ann my daur. will be 
entitled to after my death by virtue of settlemt on marre. 
with my late wife dec. • to sd daur. her late mother's watch etc. 
To my brother Richard C, grocer, Stephen Nash, woollen 
draper, John Harmer, merchant, all of Bristol, George Rob- 
erts of Leiston co. Hereford, gent., & George Smith of Kent- 
church, co. Hereford, yeom., all my lands & two copyhold 
messuages called Nokes Court als. Newhouse & Cookes 
meadow part of the manor of K'illpeck, Heref., which I have 
surrendered to uses of Will, in fee, in trust for sd. daur. at 21 
or marriage, for life, remr. to her sons successively, in tail, 
in default to her daurs. equally, in tail, in default, one quarter 
to my nephew Edward Pye C. son of my sd. brother Richard 
C. in fee; the other three quarters to my nephews & neices 
Edward Pye, Thomas, Ann, Elizabeth & Mary C. sons & daurs. 
of my late brother Edward Pye C. dec, in fee. To sd. trustees 
£10 each for mourning. Rest of personal este to sd. trustees 
in trust to pay to my sister Mary C. so long as she live un- 
married £10 a year, rest for sd. daur. for life & then among 
her children, but if none, to pay £3,000 as my daur. may 
appoint, £500 to my sd. sister, £300 a piece to my neices Mary 
& Elizabeth C. (daurs. of my late brother William C. dec), 
one quarter of residue to sd. Edward Pie C. son of the sd. 
Richard C, & the other three quarters to sd. Edward Pie, 
Thomas, Ann, Elizabeth & Mary C. sons & daurs. of sd. 
Edward Pie C. dec. sd. Trustees to be exors. in trust & 
guardians of my daur. till she be 21 or married. Witnesses: 
James Duffet, Geo. Adderley, Thos. Blackwell. 
Prob. 13 June 1749 by Richard Chamberlayne, Stephen Nash, 
John Harmer & George Roberts, e. the exors. Power re- 
served to Geo. Smith the other exor. Lisle 76. 

[Following a suggestion by the annotator of these "Gleanings", 
that Elizabeth Chamberlayne, niece of Edward Pye, and mother of 
Edward Pye Chamberlayne the elder, was the same Elizabeth, widow 
of Thomas Chamberlayne, of London, merchant, who was dead in 
1682 (see wills and notes in Vol. XXVI of the Magazine), members 
of the family authorized a brief investigation in England. No will 


of this Thomas Chamberlayne was found; but he was probably the 
Thos. Chamberlayne, of Stepney, Middlesex, whose widow, Elizabeth, 
qualified as his administratrix, Sept. 16, 1674. 

Mr. Glencross found the following in a chancery suit; Chamber- 
laynes vs. Kidley. The plaintiff was Edward Pye Chamberlayne, 
the elder. His son, William Chamberlayne of Virginia, had a post- 
humous daughter, Ann Kidley Chamberlayne, named for his mother. 

Chanc. Proc. B. & A. bef. 1714 Ham. 265, 20 
Dec. 1693 

Answer of Thos. Batoon & Anthony Wallinger 2 of the Defts. to 
Bill of Edward Pye Chamberlayne. 

They believe Compl. was Edward Pye's nephew & godson, that 
sd. E. Pye was a planter in Barbadoes & that he placed Compl. with 
Richard Howell & Richard Guy, 2 other Defts. in Bill, in Barba- 
dos. Do not know if sd. E. Pye advised Compl. to marry Anne Kid- 
ley (now Compl's wife) nor that Richard Kidley made proposal 
mentioned. Sd. E. Pye was owner of Lordship of Dymock & of 
manor of Boyce. Never heard sd. E. Pye say that Mrs. Whitaker 
had a writing to sd. other Defts. in trust for Compl. 

Chanc. Proc. B. & A. before 1714. Ham. 265, 46. 

29 May 1693 

Edward Pye Chamberlayne of the Newhowse co. Heref. gent, son 
& heir app. of Elizabeth C. widow the only daur. & heir of Margaret 
Somors dec. who was sister & heir of Edward Pye heretofore of 
Barbadoes & late of the Boyce in prsh. of Dymock, Gloucs. merchant 
dec, orator. Sd. E. Pye, orators great uncle was for many years a 
merchant in Barbadoes & acquired much estate & having no child 
he bore affection to orator, his godson & provided for his education. 
He told Richard Howell esq & Richard Guy esq. both now of Lon- 
don & late of Barbadoes that he intended to make orator his heir but 
kept it private from fear of orator becoming extravagant. Orator 
sent to Barbados under sd. Howell & Guy. Sd. E. Pye procured 
orator to marry one Anne Kidley spr. one of the daurs. of Richard 
K. of Bromley, Herefs. esq. Sd. E. Pye proposed that the Newhowse 
&c. (£20 a year), Cookes meadow (£8 a year) etc, etc, in Herefs. 
lands in Gusmound, Monm. shd. be settled on orator. Sd. Mr. Kidley 
promised to settle on his daur. Anne an estate at St. Waynards called 
Reddican worth £40 a year. Orator on 29 Oct. 1689 married the sd. 
daur of Mr. Kidley & sd. orator has had by her several children, 2 
sons being alive. Sd. E. Pye was owner of manor of Dymock, 
Gloucs. & capital messe. there called Boyce which he had purchd. 
from Mr. Sergt. Leyes dec. value £300 a year. Sd. E. Pye made a 
lease of his property to sd. Howell & Guy in trust for orator & sd. 
MSrt. Whitaker who lived at the Boyce with sd. E. Pye had the 
writing. Sd. E. Pye on 10 Feb 1690 signed his will in presence of 
William Winteer esq. Richard Hill the elder & younger gentlemen 
all of Dymock viz. I. Edward Pye late of Barbados, merchant, now 
of Boyce in prsh. of Dymock Gloucs. to my kinsman Edward 
Edward Pye Chamberlaine of the Boyce in prsh. of Dymock Gloucs. 
»sq.; orator, sheweth that Edward Pye esq. late of the Boyce afsd. dec. 
orator's uncle having no children of his own & having an estate 
of £600, having bred & educated orator, about Aug. 1689 proposed 
a marre. betw. sd. orator & Anne, daur. of Richard Kidley of Brom- 


ley, co. Heref. gent, who had no other children but 2 daurs., it was 
agreed that if marre. took place he would settle on orator, his wife 
& issue his farm called Penvoirs, Herefs. & sd. R. Kidley should 
similarly settle his farm called Reddicar in prsh. of 8 Waynards, 
Herefs. As latter farm was more valuable sd. E. Pye was to deliver 
goods to sd. R. Kidley to use of sd. orator etc. also £107 10s & this 
was done & a schedule made. Orator then very young. Some time 
after marre took effect sd. E. Pye about 168 [ — ] made his will & 
(pursuant to an unwritten agreemt.) devised to orator in fee the 
rest of his estate & orator hoped sd. R. Kidley would have paid sd. 
£107 but he delayed & orator having expectations did not press him. 
Orator now has discovered that sd. R. Kidley has settled all his 
real estate on his other daur. or one of her children after his de- 
cease. Orator now asks for sd. £170 with intt. 

Chamberlain vs. Kidley, Chan. Proc. Ham. 270 1 59. 

The following pedigree is derived from the papers in this suit. 
At the time the said suit was brought several of Edward Pye 
Chamberlayne's children had not been born. It is hoped that same 
member of the family will have farther investigation made in 


Edward Pye Margaret Somors= 
dead by 1693. 

Elizabeth= Chamberlaine 

widow 1693. 

dead by 1693. 

Edward Pye C.=Anne, daur. & co-h. of Richard 
Pitf. 1693. I Kidley, of Bromley, Here., Esq. 

2 sons. 

The wills given above are those of two of the brothers of William 
Chamberlayne of Virginia. 

William Clopton thelder of Groton, county Suffolk, gent 
Will I November 1640; proved 27 November 1640. To my 
wife all customary lands in Groton holden of William Hobart 
Esq as of his Manor of Lynsey. And all customary lands 
holden of John Sampson Esq as of his Manor of Lillesey cum 
Sampsons Hall in Carsey And all my Customary lands holden 
of Isaac Appleton Esq in Groton aforesaid in tenure of Henry 
Samford and Jerom Lamberde to her for 18 years, and after 
expiration to my son William and heirs for ever. Whereas 
I and my said son William by indenture 27 October last granted 


to John Sampson the younger and Robert Sampson gentle- 
men my manors of Chastlynes Chipley and Saundefords my 
freeholds in county Suffolk to hold for 18 years at a certain 
rent set forth in said Indenture which said lease was made 
for raising portions for my younger sons and daughters The 
said leases shall in convenient time set over to my said wife 
the said premises. My wife possessed in Trust shall raise 
portions for my younger children. For every one of them 
(except my youngest son) £200 apeece. I am seized of one 
copyhold tenement and lands in Lynsey now in tenure of 
Robert Pinson the custom of which Manor is that it descends 
to the youngest son. My executor shall pay to my youngest 
son £160 and if my son William observe obligations then the 
said premises to my said son William and heirs. I desire that 
my executrix continue my son Walter at the University of 
Cambridge until one year after he shall have taken his degree 
of Master of Arts. My loving wife Alice Clopton sole execu- 
trix. Witnesses: Richard Doggett, Henry Sanford, Ro: 
Simpson. Coventry, 146. 

[The emigrant of the Clopton family of Virginia was William 
Clopton, who was born about 1655, and was living in York County, 
Va., in 1682. Later he removed to New Kent County. His sons 
were Robert, William and Walter, and he had a grandson Walde- 
grave Clopton. William Hammond, Gent., of Ratcliffe, England, by 
will July, 1732, left lands in Essex, England, to his uncle William 
Clopton, of Virginia. 

William Clopton, of Castleton in Groton, Suffolk, 1636, married 
Margaret Waldegrave, and had three sons, William, Walter and 
Waldegrave, and several daughters, one of whom was Thomasine, 
who married John Winthrop, Governor of Mass. This William 
Clopton, of Groton, is probably the testator above, though he must 
have married a second time, as he names his wife Alice. It is 
probable that William Clopton, of Va., was a grandson of the tes- 
tator. A genealogy of the Virginia Cloptons was published in Dr. 
Lyon G. Tyler's William and, Mary Quarterly, Vols. IX and X.] 

Johan Foote of Tedbourne St. Mary, county Devon., 
widow. Will 27 December 1647; proved 2 September 1653. 
I bequeath unto Agnis Westcott, daughter of Anthony West- 
cott, £20. To Anthony, son of said Anthony Westcott of 
Tedbourne aforesaid, £1. To Peter Ware, my son in law, one 
shilling. To Mary Ware, daughter of the said Peter, 10s. 


To Jane Ware, her sister, is. To Margarett Foote, daugh- 
ter of Humfrey Foote, my son, is. All the residue of my 
goods not bequeathed I give unto Anthony Westcott, my son 
in law, whom I make my executor ; and I desire Robert Poope 
of Holcombe Bornell and Giles Westcott of Whitston to be 
my overseers, to whom I give is. apiece for their pans. The 
mark of Johan Foote. Witnesses: the mark of Thomas Pons- 
ford; Will. Squier. Proved by the executor named. Brent, 

William Foote of the parish of Pinnock, county Cornwall, 
gent. Will i August 1652; proved 19 July 1653. I bequeath 
to my wife Margaret two of my best chests, a dozen of pewter 
dishes of the best sort, my brewing kettle, my best riding nag 
or mare, the side saddle with its furniture, half a dozen of 
silver spoons, my little silver cup gilded, two of my best cows, 
etc. and £10, on condition she give security for the payment of 
£70 to my brother Mr. Simon Foot and our cousin Mr. Wil- 
liam Symons (whom I make my executors) within 3 months 
after her marriage with any other person. I give her more 
one bedstead which now standeth over the hall at Boturnell. 
I give to the poor of the parish of Veryan 20s., to the poor of 
Pinnick 6s. 8d. To my daughter Elizabeth £300 at her age 
of 21 or marriage. To Margery Robbins, my mother, one 
gold ring. To my brother one birding gun. To my uncle 
Sumons, in token of my love, my best silver spoon. To my 
cousin William Symons my small gold ring with a signet on 
it. To John Clarke the younger my best serge suit. To each 
of my servants 5s. All the rest of my goods to my son Wil- 
liam Foot at his age of 21. If both my children die under 
age, I give all my goods, to my said brother Symon, he paying 
my wife £100 if she be then alive, (signed) William Foote. 
Witnesses : William Cothler, the mark of Christopher Luke. 
Proved by the executors named. Brent, 347. 

[Richard Foote, the emigrant to Virginia, was son of John Foote, 
Gent., and was born at Cardenham, Cornwall, August 10th, 1632. A 
pedigree of the Virginia family was published in Numbers 1 and 2, 
Vol. VII, of this Magazine. The testators, especially William Foote, 
of Pinnock, were doubtless relations.] 



(From the originals in the Virginia State Library) 

John Watkins to William Preston. 

War Office May 5 th 1782 

I now inclose you the order for powder which Colonel Da- 
vies mentions in his last to you ; and which was neglected to 
be sent by Mr. McGavock — 

I am, Sir 

Your most Obd* Ser 4 
[Address] John Watkins 

Colonel William Preston Capt. Pearis 

Montgomery W m Davies L* 

William Lewis to Co.. Lt. Montgomery Co. 

War Office May 6. 82 

In consequence of the invasion of the frontiers, his Ex- 
cellency in council has thought proper to direct that all the 
six months men from the frontier counties should be returned 
to their respective settlements, and serve the remainder of 
their time out in their counties. You will therefore be pleased 
to give the men, of which a list is enclosed, such a length of 
furlow for the men to take care of their families, as you may 
think proper, after which you will order them on duty. 

I am Sir, 

Your most Obd* Serv* 
[Address] William Davies 

County Lieutenant 

242 virginia historical magazine 

Field Officers for Montgomery and Washington 

Montgomery Courthouse, July 2 d 1782 

At a meeting of the Field Officers of the Militia of Mont- 
gomery and Washington Counties in conformity to instructions 
received from His Excellency the Governor bearing date 15 th 
day of June last: to concert and settle some proper plan for 
the defence of both counties — Present 

William Preston; Walter Crockett; Joseph Cloyd; Daniel 
Trigg ; John Taylor, Jr. ; Abraham Trigg : Field Officers for 
Montgomery County. 

Arthur Campbell; William Edmondson; Aaron Lewis; 
James Dysart : Field Officers of Washington County 

Major Patrick Lockheart, District Commissioner — 

It is the unanimous opinion of the Board of Officers That 
the 200 men permitted to be drawn out by His Excellency the 
Governor, for the defence of the frontier have divided the 
same into the following Districts viz. 

On New River in the neighborhood of Cap 1 Pearis 30 Men. 
Sugar Run 20, Capt. Moore's Head of Blue Stone 25, Head 
of Clinch 25 Men — 

In Washington at Richlands 20, Castle Woods 30, Rye Cove 
20, Powell's Valley 30 Men. The extent of the different Dis- 
tricts. From Capt. Pearis to Sugar Run 10 Miles to Capt. 
Moores Head of Blue Stone 30 to Capt. Maxwells, Head of 
Clinch 16 Miles, which is nearest the Washington line. To 
Richlands 24, to Castle Woods 30, to Rye Cove 28, to Powells 
Valley Fort 26 Miles in all 164 miles We find the greatest 
difficulty in making any provision for the support of those 
men while on duty as there is no specific tax brought into 
the places appointed for that purpose in either of the Coun- 
ties. The Officers have therefore recommended it to Major 
Lockheart the District Commissioner to purchase 200 bushels 
of Corn in Montgomery County at the most convenient places 


to where the Militia are to do Duty at three Shillings per 
Bushel being the current price, and an equal quantity in the 
County of Washington for the use of the Troops and at the 
most convenient places at the current prices there, which we 
t re convinced will be a great saving to the State as the Trans- 
porting of grain from Botetourt, where there is some belong- 
ing to the Publick on hand, to the several Districts where the 
Militia are to do duty, will be attended with a very great ex- 
pense the distance being from sixty to One hundred and sixty 
miles. To procure what further supplies of provisions that 
may be necessary it is to be an instruction to the Commission- 
ers of the District to instruct the different County Commis- 
sioners and Commissaries of Specifices to deliver or facilitate 
the delivery of provisions to a Commissary of the Troops for 
each County to be appointed for that purpose or to the order 
of the Commanding Officers. To which may be added a War- 
rant to each Commissary to impress agreeable to the Invasion 
Law as objections have been made to that part of the Gov- 
ernors instructions ordering the direction of the Militia of 
both Counties, while on duty, under that of the County Lieu- 
tenant of Montgomery who lives upwards of 180 miles from 
Powells Valley and not less than 90 miles from the Richland 
District in Washington which renders it impossible and use- 
less for him to have these men under his direction for which 
reason he declines that part of the Command. Let it there- 
fore be humbly recommended to His Excellency the Governor 
to alter that part of his orders by giving the Superintendance 
of the Troops in each County to the Commanding Officers of 
the same as it will save the expense of a Field Officer being 
on Duty which otherwise would be necessary; and the De- 
fence of the Frontiers will in all probability be better Con- 

The Board of Officers are unanimously of opinion that the 
Counties of Montgomery and Washington will provide the 
number of men ordered for their Defence without calling on 
any of the neighboring Counties for assistance unless there 
is a real occasion to do so on some emergency; or on the 
approach of a large body of the Enemy. 


They also beg leave to suggest that the usual manner the 
Indians conduct their attack on our Settlements makes it nec- 
essary that a proper number of Scouts be employed in each 
District to discover their approaches for which reason it has 
induced the Officers to direct that two be employed in each 
District for the immediate safety of the Inhabitants. 
Signed by Order 

W m Preston 

Proceedings of the Board of Officers at Fort Chiswell, 2 
July 1782. 

Instructions to Colonels Crockett and Cloyd. 

Fort Chiswell July 3 d 1782 

The Board of Officers appointed to meet at this Place have 
directed that a Company of Militia be raised immediately and 
sent to the Frontiers of this County & to be stationed in the 
following manner to wit at Capt. Maxwells twenty five men & 
an equal number at Capt. Moores. In consequence of this 
resolution you will please to appoint an Active discreet Cap- 
tain, to take the command of this Company as also two Lieu- 
tenants and an Ensign. — The Captain and Ensign to com- 
mand at Maxwells & the two Lieutenants at the other place. 
These men are to continue ranging the Woods as much as in 
their power. Two Scouts or Spies are to be sent from each 
of these Districts & to be under the Direction of the Officers 
at the respective Stations. You will please to instruct the Offi- 
cers to be very alert and active in their duty, to keep up good 
Discipline amongst their men and to be extremely careful to 
keep exact accounts of the receiving & issuing provisions & 
that the greatest Ecconomy be used as well with regard to 
Provision as ammunition. 

This Company must be raised & kept out of the upper Batal- 
lion by Drafts or Enlistment untill the middle of October: I 
would earnestly recommend it you to endeavour to have the 


men engaged for the whole time as it will save a great expense 
to the State and better answer the purpose of defending the 

I beg that no time may lost in carrying this Business into 
Execution as the safety of Numbers depends upon it. — If any- 
thing extraordinary happen in those Districts be pleased to 
inform me thereof. — Should you be informed of the approach 
of a large Body of the Enemy you will please to take the most 
prudent and hasty steps to repell them. — The Field Officers 
and Captains in your Batallion are hereby required to give 
you every possible assistance in executing these Orders. 

William Davies to Wm. Preston. 

War Office Aug 15 — 1782 

I have never had a certain opportunity of acknowledging 
your favor of the 6 th of last month, for which I am thankful 
to you — 

His Excellency informs me he has himself signified to you 
his approbation of the measures you have concerted with the 
advice of the field officers of your County and Washington, 
and is satisfied with the propriety of your observations for 
declining the Superintendency in both, 

I am sensible of the difficulties which will unavoidably occur 
in this Business, but would observe to you that many of these 
difficulties arise from the real mis-conduct of the public 
agents. You represent, and I am sure with justice, that trans- 
portation will be hardly accomplished for want of public 
horses : I must inform you however, that a certain Evan Baker 
of Washington was largely entrusted by the Government with 
the purchase of a large number of horses and other things 
for the Western defence — but that man has never yet been 
brought to account, though various applications have been 
made to him, and tho' there is great reason to believe he 
retains many of these stores in his possession, or applies them 


to his own advantage. I must request the aid of your influ- 
ence to bring this man forward a little, that he may settle his 
account of the distribution of horses and so forth, with Major 
Lockheart. I have been told a large number of horses were 
also purchased by Mr. Maddison. Possibly he may have sev- 
eral by him yet — 

With most sincere wishes for the permanent security of your 
County, I remain Sir, with most respectful esteem, 

Your very obedient Servant 
Col. W. Preston William Davies 

Col. Davies Letters — Aug. 15 — 1782 

(To be continued) 



(From State Auditor's Papers, now in State Library.) 


Ditto paid John Dandridge for a 
Gun furnished by William 
Finnie 2 5 

Ditto paid Martin Haekins for a 

Gun furnished the service. ... 2 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for Forage fur- 
nished the Troops at Hamp- 
ton 72 12 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Rum fur- 
nished Ditto 286 3 4J/2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Express 

hire 16 6 

Ditto paid Charles Judkins for 

pay his Company of Militia.. 252 19 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for William 
Simmons for Sundries to a 
Powder Escort 18 4 

Ditto paid Jane Robe for a Horse 

impressed & lost in the service 20 17 
23 Ditto paid Robt. Anderson for 

pay of his Company M Men. .199 5 

Ditto paid Wm. graves for Car- 
ter Burwell, fodder furnished 

the Army 3 

1776 To Cash paid Thomas Cary for 
Col'o Harwood for the pay of 


February 23 several companies of Militia 

called into service 92 14 

Ditto paid Ditto for balance of 
pay & Provisions to the said 
Militia 48 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Hire to the 

Army 7 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for rectify an 

Error in his Militia pay roll. . 1 8 

Ditto paid James Cocke for 2 
Guns furnished the public 
service 4 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Mrs. Ran- 
dolph Fodder furnished the 
public service 2 5 

Ditto paid Jacob Cunes for a 
Gun furnished the Army 2 15 

Ditto paid Timothy Le^te for 
Guns 2 Ditto 6 10 

Ditto paid Cole Digges for Fod- 
der furnished the Public Ser- 
vice 4° x 5 

Ditto paid Andrew Leith for 

Sundry Arms furnished Ditto 59 10 

Ditto paid Samuel Harwood for 
pay & Provisions as a Major 
to the Battallion of Minute 
Men in Elizabeth City 38 5 

Ditto paid Pleasant Cocke for 
pay of himself & Company of 
the Prince George Militia 
called into Service 19 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for William Al- 
lison for pay of his Company 
Militia 15 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for Penjamin 
Harrison Provisions to said 
Militia 26 6 

Ditto paid William Johnson for 
William Farrows for Wagon 
hire to the Army 33 10 


Ditto paid Andrew Leitch Ad- 
vances for different Com- 
panies M. Men 300 

Ditto paid William Badget for 
Lewis Burwell for Wood to 
the Army 8 8 

Ditto paid Dc/id Griffith 2 
Months pay as Surgeon to the 
Prince William Batallion... 30 

Ditto* paid Griffin Fauntleroy 
for 2 Guns furnished the 
Army 5 

Ditto paid William Shepherd 

for Express hire 3 13 

Ditto paid Wiliam Lewis for 
Provisions furnished Captain 
Johnson's Company 12 16 10 

26 Ditto paid John Clayton for a 

Gun furnished the Army.. 4 

Ditto paid Adam Craig for 
George Reed for a Gun to the 
Army 3 18 

Ditto paid Elias Peay for 2 Guns 
furnished Ditto 7 

Ditto paid Clesley Jones for 2 
Guns furnished Ditto 6 

Ditto paid Anthony Digge for a 
Horse impressed & lost in the 
Service 15 7 

Ditto paid William Elson for 

Express hire to the Public... 4 4 6 
February 26 To Cash paid Thomas Browne 
for Mrs. Gibbons for Sundrys 
to the Army 2 9 7 

Ditto paid James Jarvis for Ex- 
press hire to the public 4 8 9 

Ditto paid James Davidson for 
a Rifle Gun to the Army. ... 5 

27 Ditto paid J. Tazewell for Rich- 

ard Bland for a Muskett to 

Ditto) 6 

Ditto paid Dickerson Shield for 

a Gun furnished the Army. . 1 5 


Ditto paid Bartlett Field for 
Wood furnished the Army by- 
Thomas Wooten 14 

Ditto paid Ditto by John Fielde 

for Wood furnished the Army 8 10 

Ditto paid George Aubrey for 
Ferdinand O. Neal for Wag- 
gon hire 26 13 8 

28 Ditto paid William Pearson for 

Shoes furnished for Public use 1 16 

Ditto paid Robert Combs for 
Waggonage to the Public.. 31 9 

Ditto paid William Hinnkin for 
Foddero furnished the Army 8 8 

Ditto paid John Piggit for Fod- 
der furnished for use of Army 8 3 

Ditto paid Theo. Bland for pay 

of a guard at City Pt 17 16 8 

Ditto paid Robbert H. Hove for 
his pay from 26th December 
last 27 5 3 

Ditto paid Richard Cooke 
amount of his Waggon hire 
for public use 31 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for trouble & 
expense in issueing provi- 
sions Etc 20 

Ditto paid James Wall for Wag- 
gonage to St. Hampton Bat- 
tallion 29 10 

29 Ditto paid John Ellis for Wil- 

liam Ellis for Waggon hire.. 7 10 

Ditto paid Theo. Bland for 
Archibald Cary for Necessar- 
ies furnished the Army 156 2 10 

Ditto paid Shady Kelly for his 
trouble in mounting cannon. . 2 

Ditto paid Thomas Harris for his 

Service as Public Armourer. . 7 14 

Ditto paid Ditto by a former 
order for Ditto 4 

Ditto paid George Brown for a 
Muskett & Bayonett to the 
Public 4 5 



March 1 

March 1 

Ditto paid Tully Roberson for 

wood furnished the Troops.. 12 12 

Ditto paid Ditto for Cap n Fred- 
erick Boush for Pay & Neces- 
saries furnished his Company 
Militia M. Guard '. 90 1 8 

To Cash paid George Slaughter 
for 1 months pay of his Com- 
pany 176 10 

Ditto paid Ditto the Balance of 

his recruiting Account 29 10 

Ditto paid John Camp for 5 
Rifles Purchased for use of the 
Public 27 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for balance of 
Cap n Thorntons recruiting 
money 20 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas 
Camp for Waggon hire to the 
Public 4 10 

Ditto paid William Johnson his 
Pay as Adjutant from 26th 
December last 27 10 \y 2 

Ditto paid George Burwell for 
297 bushels Salt furnished the 
Public 59 8 

Ditto paid William Lawrence 
for a Gun furnished the public 
Service 2 15 

Ditto paid Henry Brown for 

Fodder furnished the Army.. 33 17 

Ditto paid Thomas Lester for a 
Gun furnished the public Ser- 
vice 2 

Ditto paid David Lowe for 
Provisions to the Culpepper 
Batallion 4 11 4 

Ditto paid John Pendleton for 

Express Hire to the Public. . . 2 10 
Ditto paid Thomas Wills for Fer- 

riager on account of the Public 4 4 7 

Ditto paid Henry King for Re- 
pairing Public Arms 1 10 1 


Ditto paid Simon Loughlin for 

Provisions furnished a guard 18 

Ditto paid Landis Patterson for 
Expenses as a Messenger on 
Public Business 6 

Ditto paid Peter Royster his 
pay & Expenses on Duty as 

Captain 22 13 8 


March 3 To Cash paid George Brook for 
use of Ambrose Jefferies for 
making Hunting Shirts to 
Cap n Gregory's Smiths Com- 
pany 3 3 

Ditto paid Samuel Boush for 
Wiliam Smith for Fuel Etc. 
Furnished the Troops at Great 

Bridge 175 3 10 

4 Ditto paid Thomas Nelson for 

Lead furnished the Army 28 19 2 

Ditto paid Cuthbert Hubbard 

for House rent for public use 2 

Ditto paid Samuel Newell for 
Expenses in the public Ser- 
vice 2 2 3 

Ditto paid Ditto to John Howe 

furnished 1 5 

Ditto paid Paul Carrington for 
Issac Reed for Purchasing 
Arms 121 1 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for use of Char- 
lotte County for Ammunition 37 6 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Col° Cole for 

the Carriage of Salt Peter. ... 576 

Ditto paid John Brent for re- 
cruiting Expenses & Arms fur- 
nished the public 64 5 

Ditto paid Thomas Walker for 
Jo. Calvert for Sundrys to the 
Hampton Troops 21 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Benjamin 
Isabell as Quarter Master to 
Ditto 18 4 8 

Ditto paid Smith & Bressie for 

Wood furnished Ditto 23 19 9 


Ditto paid Samuel Boush for 

Horse Hire 10 

Ditto paid Cornelius Deforest 
for 2 Rifles furnished the pub- 
lic 10 

Ditto paid William Stauard his 

pay as Quarter Master 9 ty 2 

4 Ditto paid Robert B. Chew his 

Pay as Quarter Master Ser- 
jeant 5 19 V/ 2 

Ditto paid Charles Tomkies for 
Guns and Necessaries to his 
Corny 286 8 10 

Ditto paid Samuel I. Cabell pay 

his Company to 28 Feby last.. 90 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Math Swook 
for a Drum and Fife 4 

Ditto paid James Johnson pay of 

his Compy to 28 Feby. last. . 151 7 

Ditto paid Arth Smith for bal- 
ance of my Recruiting Acct. 
& Pay of my Company to 28 
Feby. last Inclusive 127 9 8 

Ditto paid William George for 
Guns & Necessaries furnished 
Capt n Woodsons Company of 
the 9th Regiment 100 4 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions 

furnished said Compy 29 3 iy 2 

Ditto paid William Lumpkin for 
a Gun furnished Cap n Ander- 
sons Company 3 

Ditto paid John Ross for a Gun 

furnished the Army 2 15 

5 Ditto paid Thomas Massie for 

the pay of his Company to the 

28th Feby. Inclusive 116 1 8 

Ditto paid William George for 
Provisions to Cap 4 Woodsons 
Coy 17 3 iy 2 

Ditto paid Paul Carrington for 
Micajah Watkins for Rifles 
furnished Captain Cocke's 
men 137 19 n 


Ditto paid Ditto for Math 1 Ferry 
for Arms furnished the Hali- 
fax Reguars 169 14 10y 2 

Ditto paid Ditto for William 
Ferry for Cartage of Gun pow- 
der 2 8 

Ditto paid Ditto for Wright 

Bond for Waggonage ...... 21 3 3 

Ditto paid William Cabell for 
W m Pollard for Provisions 
furnished the Amhurst Com- 
pany of Regulars 23 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Hugh Rose 

for Provisions to said Comp y 10 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Nich- 
olas for Ditto 2 9 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Bar- 
rett for a Rifle 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Mor- 
rison for a Rifle 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Balance of 
Bounty Money 2 

Ditto paid David Low for Re- 
pairing Guns to Cap n Smith's 
Company 4 13 9 

Ditto paid M. Carrington for 2 
guns furnished the Cumber- 
land Compy 7 

Ditto paid Ditto for his Ra- 
tion & Forrage to First 
March 4 4 4l/ 2 

Ditto paid Hutchins Burton for 
Capt n Samuel Hopkins for 
Blankets Hunting Shirts & 
Pay of his Company to 28 
Feby 92 9 

Ditto paid Archibald Gowan for 
4 double fortifyed 6 poun- 
ders 75 18 9 

Ditto paid James Donald for 
John Turner for Rugs fur- 
nished Captain Pleasants 
Company 15 11 4V2 

Ditto paid John Mayo for Pro- 


visions to Capt n Cabells Com- 
pany 7 13 4 

6 Ditto paid Samuel Newell for 

Charles McFaddin a Soldier 
for Provisions furnished him- 
self 1 5 

Ditto paid Capt. James Barron 
for pay of his Company of 
Militia for the month of Nov. 
last 117 12 

Ditto paid Ditto for the Pay of 
his Company of Militia to the 
28th January 113 13 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for the Pay of 
himself & Men for Board the 
Boat Liberty to the 25th Feb- 
uary 75 11 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Capt. Rich- 
ard Barron for pay of himself 
& Men for Board the Boat 
Patriot to the 25 February.. 

7 To cash paid Capt n Charles 

Fleming for pay of his Com- 
pany to the 1 st Inst 99 19 

Ditto paid Ditto for William 
Mosely for Arms purchased 
for the Public 27 16 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms fur- 
nished the Public Service... 14 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for recruiting 

expenses & Bounty Money.. 20 10 

Ditto paid Gregory Smith for 
Arms Purchased for the Pub- 
lic 76 3 6 

Ditto paid George Brown as a 
Manufacturer of Salt Petre.. 5 

Ditto paid William Stokes for 
a Rifle Gun 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggon 
Hire and other Public Ex- 
penses 7 12 6 

Ditto paid Ralph Faulkner for 
the Bounty ck Expenses in re- 
cruiting his Company 92 10 

(To be continued) 



Contributed by W. W. Scott. 


Benj'm. Hawkins — Sally Scott. 
James Hawkins — Betsey Coleman. 
James Hawkins — Elizabeth Rector. 
Pleasant Hunter — Jane Harris. 
John Hestand — Zantipey Nowel. 
Benjamin Jacobs — Sarah Martin. 
Gabriel King — Hulday Biggers. 
William Lee — 'Polly Simco. 
Jeremiah McDaniel — Rachel Brooks. 
John Padgett — Nancy Beckham. 
Thomas Phipps — Polly Montague. 
Merry Raines — Ammy Floyd. 
Michael Roberson — 'Polly Williams. 
Richad Robertson — Elizabeth Collins. 
Weedon Sleet — Patsey Petty. 
Wm. Smith — Mary Porter. 
John Smonts — Polly Fleek. 
Benj. Spicer — Catty A. Snell. 
Benj. Stephens — Agnes Spicer. 
John Stone — Elizabeth Burton. 
Luke Thornton — Sarah Steet. 
David Willet — Polly Baughan. 
James Yates — Sally Hansford. 
Letestine Wright — Mary Lindsay. 
Larkin Wright — Lucy James. 



Wm. P. Bailey. 

Absalom Brightwell — Wimlfred Pines. 

Robt. Coleman — Sarah Ceman. 

John Dalton — Polly Earles. 

John Gaines — Joanna Sanders. 

Thos. Gaines — Milly Row. 

Joshua Gear — Jane Watson. 

Benj. Grady — Catherine Adams. 

Jacob Graves — Fanny White. 

R. Graves — Marian Marquess. 

Leroy Hamilton — Sukey Blunt. 

John Harris — Milly Price (widow.) 

John Hardy — Elizabeth Felix. d 

Wm. Harvey — Alice Wood. 

Armistead Hughes — Sally Chisham. 

James Hutchinson — Catherine Dear. 

Thomas Jenkins — Elizabeth Quarles [ ?] , 

Robt. Jones — Mary Herndon (widow). 

St. Clair Kirtley — Ann Pannill. 

Geo. Lee — Katy Foster. 

Moses Linton — Nancy Peed. 

Nathaniel Moore — Sally Adams. 

Elijah Page — Sally Sisk. 

James Padggett — Phillis Bescom. 

David Parsons — Elizabeth Clark. 

Reuben Powel — Elizabeth Ballard. 

Rich'd Reynolds — Lucy Finnel. 

Reuben Sanford — Nancy Wallace. 

Daniel Simpson — Elizabeth Jones. 

John Sleet — Frances Wright. 

Oswald Smith — Loice Quisenberry. 

John Snow — Elizabeth Lower. 

Thos. Sorrille — Elizabeth Clee. 

Leonard Styers — Elizabeth Wolf. 

Edmund Taylor — Nancy Thornton. 

Geo. Thornton — Nancy Webb. 

Geo. Walters — Nancy Harvey. 


James Williams — Sally Thompson. 
Armistead York — Joanna Hilman. 
Lawrence Young — Catherine Martin. 


Ezekiel Ludas — Catherine Ahart — Jacob Watts. 
Thomas Blackerly — Elizabeth Herring — Jacob Watts. 
John Bradley — Saley Huncock, Robt. Jones. 
Sam'l. Grady — Catey Mountague, Jere Chandler. 
Elijah Page — Nelly Sisk, Jacob Watts. 
John Straw — Catherine Walters, Jacob Watts. 
Thos. Boyer — Patsey Thompson, Jacob Watts. 
Fielding Powell — Susannah Ballard, Jacob Watts. 
James Taylor — Sally Wood, Jacob Watts. 
Elijah Lucas — Nancy Brockman, Jacob Watts. 
John Humbleton — Sally Rippett, Jacob Watts. 
Wm. Silvey — Mary Atkinson, Jacob Watts. 
Henry Ancil — Nancy Baegley, Jacob Watts. 
Reuben Clark — Martha Clark, Isham Tatum. 
Johnathan Kirtley — Theodosia Anderson, Geo. Bingham. 
Dan'l. McClary — Katy Picket, Geo. Bingham. 
Washington Pollard — Elizabeth Thornhill, Isham Tatum. 
John Vims — Betsey Beazeley, Isham Tatum. 
Aaron Gentry — Polly Ogg, Isham Bingham. 
Zachary Henry — Lucy Kirtley, Isham Bingham. 
Lewis Bailey — Lucy Mahony, Isham Bingham. 
Martin Crawford — Susanna Lamb, Isham Bingham. 
Nelson Keaton — Edna Davis, Isham Bingham. 
Josiah Morris — Suckey Shiplett, Isham Bingham. 
Eason Fitzgerald — Mary Self, Isham Bingham. 
Jonathan Geer — Sarah Frackwell, Isham Bingham. 
Elijah Morris — Elizabeth Geer, Isham Bingham. 
Ransom Geer — Polly Lamb, Isham Bingham. 
Jonathan Harvey — Margaret Ross, Isham Bingham. 
Walter Jones — Sally Freeman, Isham Bingham. 
John McClumer — Jennie Estes, Isham Bingham. 
William Allen — Elizabeth Wallace, minister unknown. 


Armistead York — Joanna Hilman, Nath'l Sanders. 
John Wright — Catey Faulconer, Nath'l Sanders. 
Edmund Peacher — Lucy Hilman, Nath'l Sanders. 
Moore Bragg — Jenny York, Nath'l Sanders. 
James Mackeny — Patsy Sent, Nath'l Sanders. 
Benjamin Hume — Elizabeth Taliaferro, Fred'k Hukler. 


Benj. Hawkins — Polly Bickers, Fred'k Hukler. 
Thomas Watkins — Frances Moseby, Robt. Jones. 
Thomas Arnold — Peggy Sandford, Robt. Jones. 
Henry Clarke — Nancy Grasty, Nath'l Sanders. 
Thomas Bush — Liddy Breedwell, Nath'l Sanders. 
James Lovell — Elizabeth Harvey, Hamilton Goss. 
Hezekiah Wood — Sally Bradley, Hamilton Goss. 
James Hunt — Susannah Darnele, Hamilton Goss. 
Saml. Mahanes — Elizabeth Brockman, Hamilton Goss. 
William Bradley — Polly Marshall, Hamilton Goss. 
Henry Herndon — Lucinda Wood, Hamilton Goss. 
Kalian Durrett — Elizabeth Thompson, Robt. Jones. 
Elias Faulconer — Polly Newman, Robt. Jones. 
Jas. C. Melton — Mary Taylor, Robt. Jones. 
John Stowers — Sally Herndon, Jacob Watts. 
John Beazley — Lucy Porter, Jacob Watts. 
Bazel Hale — Lucia Maiden, Geo. Bingham. 
James Hensley — Elizabeth Maiden, Geo. Bingham. 
Benj. Tinder — Nancy Terrell, Nath'l Sanders. 
Reuben Sleet — Frances Mallory, Nath'l Sanders. 
Elijah Hambleton — Polly Barge, Nath'l Sanders. 
Reuben Twyman — Drucilla Cowhard, Wm. Calhoun. 
Alex. Bradford — Hannah Burton, Wm. Carpenter, Jr. 


Peyton Keith — Sally Petty, Jas. Garnett. 

Willis Kirtley — Mary Presley Thornton, Jacob Watts. 

John Collins — Elizabeth Kirtley, Geo. Bingham. 


Aaron Gentry — Peggy Ogg, Geo. Bingham. 

Abner Cave — Betsy Sims, Geo. Bingham. 

Belfield Henry — Elizabeth Kurtley. 

Abner Lowry— Nancy Lowrey, Geo. Bingham. 

Valentine Beazley — Franky Powell, Geo. Bingham. 

James Moore — Nancy Jones, Nath'l Sanders. 

Reuben Terrell — Catey Gaines, Nath'l Sanders. 

John Donathan — Polly Eluck, Nath'l Sanders. 

Alex. Newman — Lucy Sleet, Nath'l Sanders. 

Wm. Bell — Fanny Borton, minister unknown. 

Henry Beach — Delilah True, minister unknown. 

Wm. Gibson — Betsey Carty, Nath'l Sanders. 

Rodney Hawkins — Alice Chamberlaine, Nath'l Sanders. 

James Dodd — Nancy Cash, Nath'l Sanders. 

Allen Elliste — Percilla Gaines, Nath'l Sanders. 

James Bradley — Elizabeth Willis, Nath'l Sanders. 

Wm. Jacobs — Polly Martin, Nath'l Sanders. 

John George — Elizabeth Long, Nath'l Sanders. 

James Stubblefield — Polly Backman, Nath'l Sanders. 

James Dawson — Nancy Hughes, Nath'l Sanders. 

Alex. Hughes — Elizabeth Mitchell, Nath'l Sanders. 

Robt. G. Lane — Polly Whitelaw, Wm. Douglas. 

Yelly Moore — Elizabeth Brown, Robt. Jones. 

Benjamin Porter — Patesey Newman. 

John Boston — Sarah Mosely, Robt. Jones. 

Jesse Wheeler — Catey Cash, Robt. Jones. 

Wm. Moore — Susan Day, Robt. Jones. 

Benjamin Hawley — Frances Edwards, Robt. Jones. 

James Cramb — Mary Wood, Robt. Jones. 

Wm. Tyler — Mary Ann Herndon, Nath'l Sanders. 

Charles Cappage — Lydia Wayt, Jacob Watts. 

John Stone — Judith Parratt, Jacob Watts. 

Wm. Piper — Elizabeth White, Jacob Watts. 

Thomas Morris — Elizabeth Acree, minister unknown. 

John Wine — Rachel Eheart, minister unknown. 

John Rogers — Lucy Darnell, minister unknown. 

Valentine Johnson — Elizabeth Cave, minister unknown. 



John Mallory — Frances Morton, Nath'l Sanders. 
James Clark — Sally Payne, Nath'l Sanders. 
Wm. Moore — Rebecca Smith, Nath'l Sanders. 
John King — Cynthia Row, Nath'l Sanders. 
Geo. Martin — Fanny Sisson, Nath'l Sanders. 
Wm. Paggett — Ann Clarke, Nath'l Sanders. 
Thos. Chapman — Elizabeth Early, Geo. Bingham. 
Thomas Marshall — Nancy Ancell, Geo. Bingham. 
Nath'l Clark — Nancy Hall, Geo. Bingham. 
Valentine Winslow — Ann Beadles, Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Graves — Peggy White, Hamilton Goss. 
Jacob Medley — Fanny Head, Hamilton Goss. 
Augustine Grimes — Polly White, Hamilton Goss. 
Philip P. Barbour — Frances T. Johnson, Hamilton Goss. 
Jonathan Taylor — Lizzy Ann McDaniel, Hamilton Goss. 
Wm. Acre? — Rebecca Morris, Hamilton Goss. 
Rill Darnell — Polly Ahart, Hamilton Goss. 
Thomas Bell — Silah Milburn, Wm. Calhoon. 
Wm. Lands — Elizabeth Herring, Geo. Bingham. 
Isaac Vernon — Nancy Patterson, Geo. Bingham. 
Robt. Ancell — Frances Pearson, Geo. Bingham. 
Preston Collier — Eliza Haney, Geo. Bingham. 
Jno. Goodale — Sally Davis, Geo. Bingham. 
Rich Austin — Mary Snow, Geo. Bingham. 
Henry Marshall — Eleanor Wood, Geo. Bingham. 
Francis Abrahams — Jerten Mallory, minister unknown. 
Osburn Henley — Martha Winslow, minister unknown. 
Joseph Hubbard — Diana Durrett, minister unknown. 


Gerard Banks — Ann Davis, Geo. Bingham. 
Thomas Price — Elizabeth Dehoney, Geo. Bingham. 
Joel Anderson — Lucy Reddish, Geo. Bingham. 
James Bailey — Nancy Mallory, Geo. Bingham. 
Murryman Stevens — Ann Gregory, Fred'k Khibler. 


Joel Bickers — Roxanna Atkins, minister unknown. 
John Payne — Elizabeth Mallory, Hamilton Goss. 
Ebenezer Sprig — Nina Sanford, Jas. Garnett! 
Joseph Hilman — Susanna Abele, minister unknown. 
James Hancock — Elinor Hancock, Robt. Jones. 
Benjamin Herndon — Mary Stephens, Robt. Jones. 
Aaron Quisenberry — Henrietta Reynolds, Robt. Jones. 
Richard Cane [Cave?] — Maria Porter, Robt. Jones. 
Juniper Smoot — Rebecca McClone, Wm. Douglas. 
Jesse Shearman — Sally Breeding, Geo. Bingham. 

Wm. Smith — Nancy Morris, Geo. Bingham. 
Levi Wiles — Charlotte Marshall, Geo. Bingham. 
James Harris — Sally Estes, Geo. Bingham. 
Richard Beckett — Nancy Thornhill, Geo. Bingham. 
Reuben Terrell — Susanna Morton, N. Sanders. 
Thomas Lowry — Nancy Dedman, N. Sanders. 
James Fisher — Fanny Mason, N. Sanders. 


Peter Lower — Judith Ham, Geo. Bingham. 

James Snow — Jenny Harvey, Geo. Bingham. 

John I. Fant — Fanny James, N. Sanders. 

Geo. Herndon — Sarah Teel, N. Sanders. 

Moses Robinson — Fanny Jones, Jas. Garnett. 

Wm. G. Waggoner — Lucinda H. Hansford, Jas. Garnett. 

Benjamin Davis — Jane Jones, Wm. Douglas. 

William Tullock — Nancy Whitelaw, Wm. Douglas. 

Peter Marsh — Lucy Walker Jollett, Wm. Douglas. 

Lewis Harrison — Nancy Harrison, Wm. Douglas. 

Jesse Wood — Nancy Page, Wm. Douglas. 

Congress Phillips — Elizabeth Farneugh, Jacob Watts. 

Wm. Barton — Ann Goodridge, Jacob Watts. 

James Mozings — Mildred Clements, Robt. Jones. 

James Bookman---Milly Turner, Robt. Jones. 

Robert Cave — Lucy Bradley, Robt. Jones. 

Wm. Kinney — Fanny Beal, Robt. Jones. 


Reuben Morris — Sally Acree, Robt. Jones. 

John Wright — Nancy Wright, N. Sanders. 
Wm. Bennett Webb — Martha Lancaster, N. Sanders. 
Mainyard Jacobs — Nancy Straghan, N. Sanders. 
Richard Cave — Lucy Shelton, Wm. Douglas. 
Joseph Snell — Elizabeth Mansfield, Wm. Douglas. 
Rich. Wood — Tabitha Cox, Geo. Bingham. 
Elijah Davis — Elizabeth Jones, Geo. Bingham. 


James Wood — Sarah White, Jacob Watts. 
Anthony Twyman — Sarah Davis, Jacob Watts. 
Catlett Madison — Winny Routt, Robt. Jones. 
Richard Rawlings — Lucy Herndon, Robt. Jones. 
Isaac Walters — Elizabeth Pence, Robt. Jones. 
John King — Frances Yates, Robt. Jones. 
Elijah Hawkins — Elizabeth Scott, N. Sanders. 
Wm. S. Berry — Rachel Row, N. Sanders. 
Washington Fletcher — Elizabeth Payne, N. Sanders. 
John Oakes — Joanna Graves, N. Sanders. 
Alex. Moore — Lucy Ford, N. Sanders. 
Geo. Proctor — Fanny Grady, N. Sanders. 
Walker Rumsey — Polly Camike, N. Sanders. 
John Walters — Margaret Hamilton, R. Jones. 
James Johnson — Nancy Quisenberry, R. Jones. 
Wm. Danise — Jane McCalley, R. Jones. 
Thos. B. Adams — Judith Burnley, R. Jones. 
John Wallis — Nancy Randel, R. Jones. 
Nicholas L. Wood — Nancy Key, Wm. Douglas. 
James Clark — Eliza Graves, R. Jones. 
Robt. M. Beadles — Sarah Winslow, R. Jones. 
Reuben Blakey — Polly Lother, Wm. Douglas. 
Killis Rogers — Mary Ham, Geo. Bingham. 
Reuben Collins — Fanny Riddle, Geo. Bingham. 
Alex. Hawkins — Anna Scott, Nath'l Sanders. 
John Grady — Sally Procter, Nath'l Sanders. 


Wm. Fletcher — Deliah Sullivan, Nath'l Sanders. 
Geo. French Strother — Sally G. Williams, Isham Tatum. 
Joseph Bates — Cincy Oliver, Jacob Watts. 
Loudon B. Bruce — Milly Estes, Geo. Bingham. 
Willis Lamb — Rebecca Slater, Geo. Bingham. 
Benj. Anderson — Mary Miller, Geo. Bingham. 
James Blakey — Nancy Branham, Geo. Bingham. 
John Austin — Gestina Burrus, Geo. Bingham. 
Ambrose Hall — Elizabeth Marr, Geo. Bingham. 
Charles Thornton — Martha Ogg, Geo. Bingham. 
James Garnett — Frances Chiles, Robt. Jones. 
Thomas Morris — Sally Wright, Robt. Jones. 


Abner Lee — Sally Lee, Nath'l Sanders. 
Alexander Wright — Betsey Jones, Nath'l Sanders. 
Jacob Bell — Martha H. Taliaferro, Isham Tatum. 
John Walton — Agnes Snow, Geo. Bingham. 
Joseph Braden — Polly Neale, Geo. Bingham. 
John Lambe — Polly Watson, Geo. Bingham. 
Larkin Taylor — Elizabeth Hume, Geo. Bingham. 
John Fye — Catherin Baughen, Geo. Bingham. 
Christian Miller — Elizabeth Beazeley, Geo. Bingham. 
Thomas Gibbons — Lucy Dubord, Geo. Bingham. 
Joseph Rogers — Burlinda Newman, Robt. Jones. 
John Gilmore — Sarah Minor, Robt. Jones. 
Philip Barbour — Peggy Poge, Robt. Jones. 
John Veatch — Nancy Cooper, Robt. Jones. 

Thornton Tucker — Elizabeth Bickers, Robt. Jones. 
Kendall Brent — Polly Burton, Jacob Watts. 
John Allen — Sarah Head, Jacob Watts. 
Benjamin Rogers — Mary Lain, Geo. Bingham. 
Geo. Aary — Elizabeth Shipplett, Geo. Bingham. 
Philip Frederick — Betsey Baughen, Geo. Bingham. 



Cynthia Mallory, Robt. Jones. 
John Evans — Nancy King, Robt. Jones. 
Aquila Gilbert— Fanny Newman, Robt. Jones. 
Charles Stevenson — Susanna Hancock, Robt. Jones. 
John Rickham — Rebecca Hancock, Robt. Jones. 
Joseph Eddins — Nancy Davis, Jacob Watts. 
Elley Rucker — Mary Burton, Jacob Watts. 
Nicholas Whitelaw — Elizabeth Beazley, Jacob Watts. 
Tandy Collins — Ann Beazley, Jacob Watts. 
George Goodridge — Fanny Burton, Jacob Watts. 
Isaac Sims — Nancy Catterton, Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Sampson — Sally Jollett, Geo. Bingham. 
Charles Hicks — Judith Watson, Geo. Bingham. 
John Jackson — Polly Herndon, Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Melone — Mary Wayland, Geo. Bingham. 
Isaac Burk — Jane Miller, Geo. Bingham. 
David Goodale — Tabitha Clark, Geo. Bingham. 
Geo. Quick — Mildred Reins, Geo. Bingham. 
Thos. Watts — Sarah Head, Geo. Bingham. 
Thompson Lloyd — Sarah Mowbray, Geo. Bingham. 
Valentine Riddle — Betsey Goodall, Geo. Bingham. 
John Morris, Jr. — Sucky Colleris, J. Goss. 
William Anderson — Lucy Hawkins, Jere Chander. 
Thomas Thompson — Frances Robinson, Jere Chander. 

Blifield Rucker — Nancy White, Ambrose Brockman. 
Nath'l. Breedlove — Elenour Mitchell, Ambrose Brockman. 
Broddus Breedlove — Nancy Duval, Ambrose Brockman. 
John Twyman — Peggy Wayt, Jacob IWatts. 
Cypress Hensley — Catey Thompson, Jacob Watts. 
John Thomson — Julia Pierce, Jacob Watts. 
Garland Quinn — Helen Smith, Jacob Watts. 
Wm. Newman — Lucy Faulkner, Robt. Jones. 
Wm. Arnall — June Martin, Robt. Jones. 
Robt. Taylor — Fanny King, Robt. Jones. 

(To be Continued) 



Virginia July II th 1775. 

I had the Pleasure to receive your letter by Cap" Maingey 
on the Lord Chatham ; and have literally complied with its 
direction respecting the Shipping & Consigning your Tobacco. 
Hearing that Cap n Maingey's Ship was about to be length- 
ened, I had purchased between fourty & fifty Hogsheads of 
Tobacco, hoping for some further Commissions, towards the 
Completion of her Load ; but at a Meeting of the Merchants 
last Month and about two days before Maingey's arrival I 
disposed of the Tobacco, fearing to risque it on my hands any 
longer, when the Price had risen so high as 27/7%. a Price at 
which I could most readily have sold yours, and the rest de- 
signed for Maingey's Load. 

The early arrival of your Commission afforded me the ut- 
most Pleasure as it enabled me to save 17I/2 per Cent, on two 
hundred Pounds, and fifteen on the last drafts, besides at least 
fifty shillings a Hogshead in the Purchase of the Tobacco. 
There are usually at the time the Courts are held for legal 
Proceedings, in April & October general Meetings of the 
Merchants, for the Payment of money, Negotiation of ex- 
change & c . at these Meetings the Bills on England & c are prin- 
cipally disposed, & the Price of Exchange is exceedingly fluc- 

1 This letter from the British Public Record Office (C. O. 5/158) 
has been sent us by E. Alfred Jones, Esq., of London, the author of 
the well known work on old American communion plate. It 
was written by Col. John Banister, of "Battersea" near Petersburg. 
He was afterwards a Colonel in the Revolutionary Army and a 
member of Congress. For an account of the Banister family see this 
Magazine XI, 164, 165. 


tuating from various causes, as scarcity of Money high Price 
of, & demand for the articles made in the Country, particularly 
Tobacco. These Meetings used to be regularly held four 
times a year, but they are now only general in April some- 
times June, in Octo r or November; At these meetings it is 
usual for Merchants to sell Bills & provide money for the 
Purchase of Tobacco. Last November, at W ms burg, the ex- 
change between this and England rose to 35 per C*, owing 
to the extreme avidity with which Bills were sought after in 
order to remit to England. A Fortnight had not elapsed 
before the rise of Tobacco, & the fall of exchange became 
obvious. The Moment I received your letter, about the 10 th 
of december, authorising me to draw for the Purchase of 
the Tobacco, I set about the disposal of the Bills as fast as I 
could see an opportunity, of either getting money for them, 
or applying them to my own use. The Event amply justified 
this Proceedings, as in a few days after I got 32% per C l 
for your first Bills, no Bills would command money at 25 per 
C 1 , in this Place, I therefore sent 200 Ster 1 to Phripp & Bow- 
doin who luckily procured 30 per Cent, at Norfolk. The Com- 
missions from M r de Jersey Agent for the Ship, not arriving 
till February, the Scene became extremely changed. Bills 
had been constantly falling, Tobacco continually rising during 
the whole time, untill Tobacco had reached 24/Ster 1 and Bills 
were reduced to 15 per Cent. I do not know how far these 
Gentlemen may be satisfied with the Purchase I have made 
for them, but if they reflect upon the Tobaccos having been 
purchased @ 3/6 per Cent under the Price current when their 
last Bills were sold, I hope they will do me the Justice to 
think, I have not been an unprofitable Agent, as at the Rate 
I sold my own Tobacco, & their's was much better, they would 
have been gainers exclusive of Commission at least £200 upon 
the Purchase. A Continuance of the Intercourse between 
yourself and the other Gentlemen of your Place, commenced 
thro your kind Influence in our Behalf, I had hoped would 
have been mutually beneficial, and of long continuance ; but 
Reasons of a political nature forbid a commercial Intercourse 


with G. Britain, & the substituting Force instead of Reason pro- 
hibits, by Act of Parliament, & naval Force, our Trade with all 
the rest of the world. This Interruption I hope will be tempo- 
rary & that a Revival of our Correspondence will immediately 
succeed to a Reconciliation with the Mother Country; When 
this may happen God only knows, as things are brought in 
the Massachusets Bay, to the ultimate Resort for Justice by 
an appeal to the Sword. There never was a Country in any 
age more oppressed, than that of N. England. The Blockade 
of Boston continued now more than a year has totally & 
finally ruined that Place, & in the general Wreck many large 
Fortunes laid out in Improvements, are gone to Ruin; and all 
this because the People of that Country will not submit to de- 
spotic sway. 

About the 17 th of last April, the first Hostilities commenced 
by an attempt in the Regulars to seize and destroy a Maga- 
zine which had been deposited in the Court house, at Concord. 
This the Regulars effected, but the Consequence may be Evils 
of the most fatal kind. 

The accounts of this action are variously related, according 
to the Party they come from. The Provincials swear the 
Regulars fired on, and shed the blood of the Country People 
first, on the other hand the Regulars with equal Pertinacity, 
declare the Rebels, as they are now called gave the first fire. 
Be that as it may it remains unquestioned that the Regulars 
seized the Property of the People in plunder [ing and [cut off] 
the Court h e]. Will not such Conduct justify Resistance? 

The Congress have now appointed Col. Washington, Gen- 
eral of the Army at Boston, with orders to act defensively, 
hoping that Administration will at length relent, and stop the 
further Effusion of human Blood, already too much wasted in 
a Cause the most Iniquitous, that ever disgraced the annals of 
any Country. This Contest originated with the enaction of a 
Law imposing Stamp duties, in America, with which a Com- 
pliance was utterly impossible from the scarcity of Gold & 
Silver Coins in which alone a payment was to be received; 
but this was not our objection to the operation of the Law. 


We held it fundamentally wrong, against the Genius of our 
Constitution, & against common right, that any Person should 
impose a Tax upon others, of the Burthen of which he did not 
himself participate. The numerous and just Complaints 
against the oppression of this act produced its repeal before a 
single instance of its Execution had been submitted to; but it 
was repealed from its inexpediency & not from its being essen- 
tially wrong and unconstitutional. Here the latent assertion of 
the right was discernible. But it became quite apparent in 
the declaratory Act by which the Parliament claimed a right 
to tax, and by Law to bind America in all cases whatever. 
This you will easily see struck at the Foundation of American 
Liberty, inasmuch as the Parliament claimed an unlimited 
Right of legislation including of course that of taxation, & 
therefore the unlimited disposal of American Property. Upon 
the arrival of this Law it was warmly protested against in 
this Country, by way of Petition to the King, Memorial to the 
House of Lords and Remonstrance to the Commons ; the Lan- 
guage of these several addresses was respectful, 'tho spirited, 
and contained a detail of American Rights, from the Begin- 
ning of its Settlement, to its Charters in Confirmation of the 
Settlers Rights as Englishmen, & pointing out a form of Gov- 
ernment as Colonists, shewing plainly that the Right of Leg- 
islation & therefore taxation was inherent in us as Englishmen 
& confirmed by Charter, that these Priviledges had been often 
recognized by our Kings, who had often sent over the Forms 
of Laws to be considered & passed here, by the Assemblies, 
which had been returned with emendations and additions, as 
best suited the Circumstances of the Country, for their Com- 
pletion by the royal Concurrence. The Colonists further al- 
ledge that the acts of Navigation for monopolising & restrain- 
ing their Trade, were productive of immense gain to the Parent 
State, & by confining the Colonies to the Trade of G Britain 
only, had a manifest Tendency to keep them dependant, & the 
Mother Country opulent & Powerful. That if the Parent 
State insisted on a monopoly of our Trade, she should desist 
from the claim of taxation, on the contrary, "say the Colon- 


ists," let us have a free trade to all the world & we will read- 
ily pay a Proportion of the expences of Government, but do 
not by insisting on both exact from us double taxation. From 
that time they have with uniformity proceeded in a Plan to 
establish a new System of Government in America unknown to 
the Constitution, and at length the article of Tea, on which a 
Duty had been reserved as a Precedent of Arbitrary taxation, 
was sent in large Quantities to Boston, to gather on it a tax 
of Parliamentary imposition, supposing that this w d fix on that 
People a submission to the asserted right of Parliament to tax 
America, but the People resisted in a riotous manner the 
landing the Tea, & in the end threw it overboard. This w d 
be called in London, in Paris, & indeed I believe in Turkey 
nothing but a Riot, but what is the Consequence — a British 
Parliament, for this Trespass, determin[d] to punish indis- 
criminately the whole Town, involving innocent & guilty in 
one common Ruin. And to give a Sanction to any oppression 
which Power might choose to inflict upon them, three Acts 
of Parliament passed that August Legislature, for blocking up 
the Harbour, & inderdicting all kind of Commerce, another 
for altering their Charter & subverting their Constitution, and 
a third for authorising the apprehending & earring for Tryal 
to G. Britain any Persons committing capital offences ; and to 
enforce these Laws a fleet & army was sent to invest by Sea 
& Land this devoted Town. These Violations of the rights 
of a Sister Colony, alarmed all the rest, in such a manner, as 
that their common oppressions effected that Junction which 
nothing else could have done, & established the firmest union, 
& closest attachment to each other. This dictated the Neces- 
sity of sending Delegates from each Colony to form at Phila- 
delphia, a Council for the good of the whole Continent. Among 
many other things calculated for general Safety this eminent 
Body of disinterested Patriots, came to a Resolution to forego 
the advantages for themselves & Constituents of any commer- 
cial Intercourse with G. Britain, untill her Justice should in- 
due her to restore to the Americans their violated rights, but 
that this might be productive of as little Injury as possible to 


our Connections in G. Britain, the Period for retaining our 
Exports was deferred 'till the 10 th of the ensuing September in 
order to give the Merchants an opportunity of sending out the 
last Crop of Tobacco. The near approach of the time limited 
for non exportation, has produced many Speculations in Tob" 
to the great augmentation of its Price, both here & in England 
and indeed as no Tobacco will probably be shipped from hence, 
next year, unless an accommodation should take Place, it will 
no doubt dictate to you and my other Friends in Guernsey the 
Propriety of not parting with the Lord Chatham's Cargoe, but 
at a very considerable Profit, which surely is to be made by 
yours as it is laid in at 5/. & the last commissioned Tob° @ 
3/6 per Cent, under the Price which is, & for some time past 
has been given, very eagerly, for this Commodity. To return 
to the Affairs of America. The Plan of a Commercial oppo- 
sition to the encroachments the Parliament had made upon the 
Rights of the Subject, here, had been adopted in this Colony 
more than twelve Months past, and confirmed by the Gen 1 Con- 
gress, in September last, with a little variation as to time, in 
expectation of its engaging the People of England in our 
favour, and we are told it has in some Measure had that 
effect, but we have feeled no good from their Petitions and 
Reasonings in our favour. The Parliaments refusal to grant 
any redress this Session, & resolving to proceed by force 
against the northern Colonies, induced them to prepare for 
their defence, after having patiently suffered for almost a 
year, every Insult, & Irritation from an Army & Navy in and 
about the Town ; The Action at Concord & Lexington I have 
mentioned, it was bloody the troops began it, & the People 
defeated & persued them into Cha s Town, near twenty miles 
from the Place where the Action began ; Since this Action the 
Provincials 12 or 15,000 strong have been posted near Boston 
& the neighbouring Towns, to watch the motions of the King's 
Troops. The Contiguity of the two Armies has from that time 
'till the 17 th of June occasioned several Skirmishes. On that 
day it seems an action of considerable Moment did happen, but 
as the accounts are vague & uncertain I cannot form any cer- 


tain Conclusion as to the Event, but I believe the Regulars 
sustained a greater loss than the Provincials, but keeped the 
ground. Other accounts again say that the Regulars lost 1000 
Men which I deem next to an impossibility. I believe the Pro- 
vincials had the advantage. There probably will be some 
bloody Battles this Summer, and before it expires Lord Sand- 
wich may be convinced that the Americans are not such Pol- 
troons as he, in the House of Lords, thought proper to repre- 
sent them. Upon the whole, what can G Britain gain by a 
Conquest of her Colonies I will venture to affirm neither 
Honor nor Profit. Had she been content to have governed 
her American Subjects upon liberal Principles, she would in 
a little time have derived immense Benefits from their increase 
in Trade & Population, & would in the Course of Commerce 
alone have experienced a Source of Wealth, which by War Des- 
olation & Exaction she can never acquire. Is it not shocking to 
think of the King's Troops burning Charles Town, for the ad- 
vantage of attacking the Provincials under cover of the Smoak. 
I certainly must have tired you with Politicks; 'tho I have 
treated this Subject in so general & concise a Manner that you 
have merely the outlines but I send by Capt. Maingey the 
News Papers for two or three Weeks back. If an opportunity 
should occur to New York or any part of the Continent I 
should be happy to hear from you. By our non-Exportation 
-agreement G. Britain will lose a Remittance of at least one 
Million from this Country, our Wheat particularly is the finest 
Crop that has been recollected & the quantity great beyond any 
Instance heretofore ; if Cap 1 . Maingey 's Commission for wheat 
and flour could have been executed I should have had pleasure 
in a Complyance with the Terms, as it is so very easy for me to 
do it, & so much in my way, to do it advantageously as I 
always buy & therefore the purchase of a Ship Load would be 
unperceived & would add nothing to its Price, whereas in other 
Instances, it generally augments the Price, by giving an Alarm 
of a great foreign demand. This in future you may please 
mention if in your way to my advantage. The Price of your 
Tobacco being 1/6 per Cent under that of the other Gentle- 


men's pray explain to them, as I have fully accounted for it 
to you, from the early arrival of your Orders. Had the last 
Orders, from M r de Jersey for the 125 Hogs ds come to hand 
one Month later the Tob° would have cost them 27/6. I 
wish you that Tranquility & Happiness, which we Americans 
must be strangers to for some time. I am under the highest 
Sense of your civility & favours, with regard y r mo. obliged 
& obed* Servant 

J. Banister for himself 
Phripp & Bowdoin. 
[Endorsed] To 

Elisha Tupper Esq r 
By Cap 1 Maingey 
in the L d Chatham 




The following circular, prepared by the Executive Committee of 
this Society early in November, 1920, explains itself. As this note 
is written (Nov. 26) we are glad to report that a very encouraging 
beginning has been made in securing new members. The Commit- 
tee intends that the canvass shall continue and asks the aid of all 
members and friends of the Society. We have felt for years the 
need of larger funds. 

Since the statement of last year, quoted in the circular, bequests 
received or soon to be in hand, have increased the endowment fund 
to $18,000.00. 

The income of the Society in the past has averaged $4,000.00. If, 
from an increased membership, or (a more permanent addition) 
from an increased endowment, we could have $6,000.00 a year, the 
work of the Society would be greatly aided. 

With this increase the affairs of the Society would have to be 
administered in a careful and economical way, but it would enable 
us to insure the publication of the Magazine, would permit us to 
employ a very much needed Assistant Secretary and Librarian, and 
to keep our building, library and collections in much better order 
and make them of greater value and interest to members of the 
Society and visitors to our home. 

"The Virginia Historical Society. 

This Society was organized in 1831 with Chief Justice Marshall 
as the first President. 

From that date until the present time it has done a great work 
in the preservation and publication of source material for Virginia 
history. For twenty-seven years it has been publishing the Virginia 
Magazine of History and Biography. The value of this publication 
(which is sent to all members without additional charge) is best 
shown by the use historians have made of it. 

Like other historical societies of the Eastern States, ours has no 
State support, but is dependent upon the dues of members, sales of 
publications and the income from its endowment, now about $14,000. 

Though the Society has never been able, on account of its small 
income, to meet fully the ideals of its members, it has, through 


careful and economical management, been able to continue its 
admirable work, and even to have a small surplus at the end of 
each year. 

Now, however, the great increase in the cost of printing leaves 
us with a possible deficit of six or seven hundred dollars, if we 
continue our Magazine as it now is. 

As the Magazine is the most important work of the Society, our 
Board is determined that its volume shall not be lessened by great 
reduction in size. We have also come to the conclusion that it is 
not advisable to raise the dues. 

Gifts to the endowment fund would be the most permanent form 
of aid, and we shall be glad to receive these; but we think the 
quickest form of relief is to secure a considerable number of new 

The dues of annual members are $5.00, and of life members $50.00. 
Each class receives the Magazine without additional charge. 

Those who may become members will not only be aiding us in 
a most valuable work, but will receive, for their dues, full consider- 
ation in the Magazine." 

The Virginia War History Commission. 

We are gratified to be able to announce that an arrangement has 
been made between this Society and the Virginia War History 
Commission by which the latter organization, beginning with the 
January, 1921, number of our Magazine, will have a 32-page supple- 
ment in each number as long as the Commission may deem neces- 
sary. These supplements will contain accounts of the progress of 
the Commission's work and much other matter of great value and 
interest in regard to Virginia's part in the World War. 

War Notes. 

During the Fall of 1920 two Virginians received the Distinguished 
Service Cross for service in the recent war. 

The first was Captain Ewart Johnston, of Winchester, who com. 
manded Company L, 116th infantry, composed largely of Lynchburg 
men, in the Meuse-Argonne offensive and in the Alsace sector. The 
decoration was "for extraordinary heroism in action during the 
attack on Malbrouck hill and Consenvoye woods, north of Verdun, 
France, Oct. 8, 1918. Captain Johnston led his company through 
heavy machine gun and artillery fire in the attack to his objective. 
Upon reaching a position scheduled for a passage of the lines he 
located a strong enemy position. Upon his own initiative he led 


his company in a bayonet attack and captured about 200 prisoners." 

The other was Lt. Col. Jennings C. Wise, formerly of Richmond, 
now of Washington, D. C. 

The citation accompanying the award of the war cross was as 
follows : 

"Award of distinguished service cross. By direction of the Presi- 
dent under the provisions of the act of congress, approved July 9, 
1918 (Bui. No. 43, W. D., 1918), a distinguished service cross was 
awarded by the war department to the following named officer: 

Jennings C. Wise, lieutenant-colonel, 318th infantry, Eightieth 
division. For extraordinary heroism in action during the Meuse- 
Argonne offensive near Nantillois, France, on Oct. 4, 1918. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Wise, then major, while gallantly leading his bat- 
talion in the attack was painfully wounded by a shell fragment. He 
refused to be evacuated, but continued to successfully command his 
battalion in advance against strong enemy resistance until his bat- 
talion was relieved on Oct. 7. Residence at appointment: 'Garral- 
lan,' Richmond, Va." 

Roll, of Honor — Correction. 

(See this Magazine XXVII, 244) 

Lt. Edward Walker, of the American Red Cross, died from typhus 
fever at Kavalla, Macedonia, March 3, 1919. His home should be 
given as Blacksburg, Virginia; and his mother is Mrs. A. C. Walker, 
Weyers Cave, Virginia. 

Mineral Lands in Albemarle County. 

Albemarle County. Deed Book No. 1, page 164. 25 Mar. 1748. 

John Warren of St. Annes Parish am bound unto James Warren of 
the same, James Warren the younger of Lunenburg County, Betty 
wife of Matthew Whittle, Sarah wife of Charles Caffrey, Eleanor 
wife of John Rucker and Grace Warren, the four last named being 
of St. Annes parish Albemarle County in the sum of £1000 to be 
paid in equal proportions to the said James Warren, Betty Whittle, 
Sarah Caffrey, eleanor Rucker and Grace Warren their attorneys 
executors or assigns to which payment I bind myself my heirs 

The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bounden 
John Warren shall pay or cause to be paid unto the above James 
Warren, Betty Whittle, Sarah Caffrey, Eleanor Rucker and Grace 
Warren six eighth parts in equal proportions one eighth to each 
of the neat product of all mines and minerals that now are or 


hereafter shall be discovered on a tract of two hundred and seventy 
six acres of land surveyed for the said John Warren on the North 
side of Buffalo Ridge in the aforesaid Parish of St. Annes in Albe- 
marle County the charge of working the said mines and minerals 
and the sum of £200 only excepted During the term of their natural 
lives and shall afterwards for the space of one thousand years to be 
completed and ended from the death of the survivor of them the 
said James Warren, Betty Whittle, Sarah Caffrey, Eleanor Rucker & 
Grace Warren pay or cause to be paid yearly and every year at the 
day of the Feast of St. Michael to the heirs of the aforesaid James 
Warren, Betty Whittle, Sarah Caffrey, Eleanor Rucker and Grace 
Warren lawfully issuing from their bodys the above mentioned 
proportion of one eighth part of the clear or neat produce of the 
aforesaid mines and minerals to the heirs of each of them accord- 
ing to their parent stocks then this obligation to be void and of 
no effect otherwise to remain in full force and virtue. 

Witnesses: John X Warren, his mark 

Joshua Fry 
John Harvie 
John Caffrey 

At a Court held 13 February 1749 this Bond was Proved by Joshua 
Fry and John Harvie two of the witnesses. [Contributed by Mrs. 
Augusta B. Fothergill.] 


(1) Deed for 300 acres formerly conveyed by Mr. Aumaree 
[Amory] Butler to Mr. William Underwood as marrying the sister 
of said Mr. Butler, and now made over to him by exchange with 
Mrs. Elizabeth Coumbs as the thirds of lands belonging to her, 
and with her consent, to William Underwood, Jr., John Coumbs and 
William Coumbs, said William Underwood, Jr. (x) sells his share 
to William Thomas, of Washington parish, Westmoreland County, 
Dec. 11, 1692. 

(2) Deed from Joseph Bickley of Rappahannock County, convey- 
ing 100 acres on the north side of Rappahannock River. His wife, 
Mary, joins in the deed, March 30, 1692. 

(3) Deed from Alexander Doniphan and Margaret his wife for 
land she inherited from her father (George Mott), 1693. 

(4) Deed from John Fosaker, of Rappahannock County, for lands 

granted in 1670, from John [copy torn], the last being her 

father, Sept. 1693. 


(5) Deed from William Barber, of North Farnham parish, Rich- 
mond Co., to John Newton of Copley [Cople] parish, Westmoreland, 
land on Totuskey Creek. 

(6) Deed, Sept. 27, 1693, from Arthur Spicer and Elizabeth his 
wife, daughter and heiress of Thomas Jones, deceased. 

(7) Dec. 7, 1704, attachment granted to William Barber, sheriff 
of Richmond County, against the estate of Katherine Henderken. 

(8) Suit by William Barber and Joyce his wife vs Samuel San- 
ford, Dec. 7, 1704. 

(9) Sept. 11, 1705, certificate to Capt. William Barber to obtain 
grant of 250 acres. 

(10) Deed from Charles Barber and Frances his wife, to Austin 
Brockenbrough, conveying 240 acres, Nov. 1, 1709. 

(11) Deed from Charles Barber and Frances his wife, Sept. 4, 
1710, conveying 50 acres in Richmond county, formerly granted to 
his father, William Barber, deceased, and by him bequeathed to the 
said Charles Barber. 

(12) Deed Oct. 3, 1710, from William Barber and Joyce his wife, 
of Richmond County, to their son Samuel Barber, conveying 426 
acres, 300 acres of which was purchased by Thomas Robinson, 
grandfather of said Joyce, in 1656. 

(13) Deed, Dec. 3, 1723, from Charles Barber to Thomas Barber, 
conveying 300 acres in Richmond County on Totuskey Creek, for- 
merly belonging to William Barber, father of the said Charles 

(14) Deed, 1699, from William Barber and Joyce his wife, to 
Rawleigh Travers, conveying land on Totuskey Creek. 

(15) Deed, July 7, 1697, from Elizabeth Gardner, widow, of St. 
Mary's County, Maryland, daughter and heiress of John Weire, late 
of Rappahannock Co., deceased, conveying 2502 acres in Richmond 
Co., granted to John Weir, June 6, 1666. 

(16) Deed, 1698, from Charles Cale to William Downing, con- 
veying land patented by Thomas Stephens and left to Charles Cale 
by his brother Nathaniel Cale. 

(17) Deed, June 5, 1699, from Edward Bray, of Richmond Co., 
nephew and heir of Richard Bray, late of said county, deceased, to 
John King, of Bristol, merchant. 

(18) Deed from William Woodbridge to Morris McCathlin 
[Maclathlin], conveying land given Elizabeth Woodbridge, now wife 
of said McCathlin by her father Paul Woodbridge, deceased. Dec. 
10, 169—. 


(19) Deed, July 20, 1720, from Francis Kenner to his brother 
Matthew Kenner. 

(20) Will of Job Webb; Cousin John, son of my brother Thomas 
Webb, Counsin John, son of William Berry, Cousin Sarah Berry 
and Elizabeth Webb, dated Jan. 16, 1720, proved Feb. 15, 1720-21. 
(Possibly a Northumberland Co. will noted here by mistake). 

(21) Deed, January 6, 1756, from William Barber and Elizabeth 
his wife to Samuel Barber, 231 acres in Richmond County, where 
said William Barber now lives, being the same land devised to the 
said William Barber by his father, Charles Barber, deceased. 

(22) Deed, April 29, 1756, from Ann Barber and her son Thomas 
Barber, 114 acres to Charles Jones. 

(23) Deed, Sept. 3, 1756, from Ann Barber and Thomas Barber, 
executors of Thomas Barber, gent., deceased, in pursuance of hie 
will, make conveyance to George Grayden. 

(24) Deed, May 26, 1792, from Samuel Barber and Katherine his 
wife, and William Barber and Elizabeth his wife, of Culpeper 
County, conveying 80 acres in Richmond County, to George Northen. 

(25) Deed, Jan. 4, 1747, from Thomas Barber and Ann his wife. 

(26) Deed, June 7, 1736, from Thomas Barber, as sheriff of Rich- 
mond County. 

(27) Deed, Oct. 3, 1768, from Wm. Barber and Elizabeth his wife, 
and William Barber, Jr., and Elizabeth his wife, conveying 80 acres 
on Totuskey Creek, to Griffin Garland. 

(28) Deed from James Orchard to William Barber, of Richmond 
County, conveying 533 acres in Richmond County on Rappahannock 
Creek [date omitted in note]. 

(29) Deed, May 4, 1692, from Sarah Suggett, widow, to William 
Barber, Sr., of Richmond Co., and Rawleigh Travers, Sr., of North- 
umberland County. 

(30) Deed, June 6, 1763, from Charles Barber and Mary his wife, 
to William Smith, conveying the land where said Barber lives. 

(31) Deed, Nov. 14, 1763, from William Barber to his son William 

(32) Bond, June 5, 1764, from William Barber, of King George 
County, gent., to John Woodbridge, of Richmond County, in penalty 
of £500 current money, to secure said Woodbridge, who, some time 
before was security for said Barber as tobacco inspector at Totuskey. 

(33) Deed, May 4, 1715, from William Barber, gent., of Richmond 
Co., to Charles Lewis and Mary his wife, eldest daughter of said 


(34) Will of Thomas Barber, of Lunenburgh parish, Richmond 

Co., dated Dec. 8, 1753, proved May 6, 1754, wife, son and 

daughters; Wife, son Thomas, Mr. Ajalon Price and Samuel Bar- 
ber, executors. 

(35) Division of estate of Thomas Barber, Jan. 8, 1757, between 
Thomas, Betty, Ann, Catherine and Lucy Barber. 

(36) Will of Samuel Barber my Aunt Lewis, Mary wife 

of Charles Beale and Sarah wife of Charles Mortimer (my mother's 
and grandmother's rings), William Brockenbrough, William Mins, 
Samuel Kelsick, Younger Kelsick. Dated Oct. 10, 1760, proved 
May 4, 1761. 

(37) Will of Mary Kelsick son Richard Kelsick my land in 

Culpeper, if he should return to Virginia from which he has been 
absent several years. If he does not return, to Sir Jonathan Beck- 
with, to sell for the benefit of the following persons: My son and 
my four daughters, Ellenor Barnes, Isabella Barber, Elizabeth 
Younger and Rebecca Beckwith. Rest of estate to be equally di- 
vided between my daughters. Dated Aug. 15, 1784, proved July 
7, 1794. 

(She was daughter of John Smith of Richmond County, who left 
her property by his will dated 172 — ). 




The following pedigree of the Corbin family of Warwickshire and 
Staffordshire (here altered from chart to narrative form) is given 
in the visitations and county histories. It should be borne in mind 
that frequently the correctness of statements as to the earlier gen- 
erations, in such genealogies, is very doubtful. 

Robert* Corbin, als. Corbion was the father of Roberts Corbin 
who gave lands to the Abbey of Talesworth between 1 and 7, Henry 
II, A. D. 1154-1161. He was father of Williams Corbin, who was 
father of Hamon* Corbin, who was father of Williams Corbin. The 
latter had a son Thomas^ Corbin, living temp. Edward I, who mar- 
ried Felicia, daughter and heir of John Lulley (9 Edward II). 

Thomasa and Felicia Corbin were the parents of William? Corbin, 

of Birmingham, who married Edith, daughter of Frebody 

(she remarried Robert le Heigge). 

William? and Edith Corbin had issue: 1. Williams Corbin, of 
Kings Swinford in the county of Stafford, 6 and 34, Edward III, 
1332-1360, who married Felicia, kinswoman of Sir John Sutton, of 
Dudley, Knight, 15 and 30, Edward III; 2. Thomass, 19, Edward III 
(who had several children) ; 3. Edith, wife of Robert le Rider, of 

Williams and Felicia Corbin had a son Henry* Corbin, 8 Richard 
II, and 8 Henry VI, 1384-1430, who married Margery, daughter and 
heir of John Day, of Gornehall or Gornishall, Co. Stafford, 8 Rich- 
ard II; a widow in 9 Henry V and 8 Henry VI. 

Henrys and Margery Corbin had a son Williamio Corbin, 8 Rich- 
ard II and 9 Henry VI, 1384-1430, who married Margery, daughter 
of Blunt, Knight. 

Williamio and Margery Corbin had issue: 1. Thomas", 9 and 22, 
Henry VI; 2. John", 9 and 20, Henry VI, married (1st), 3 Henry V, 
Katherine (and had no issue), and (2nd) Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of William Everdon, 9 Henry VI, 1430. 

John" and Elizabeth Corbin had a son Thomasis Corbin, 31 Henry 
VI and 4 Edward IV, who married Joanna, daughter and heir of 
Holbach, widow, 14 and 18 Edward IV. 

Thomas*2 and Joanna Corbin had a son Nicholasis Corbin, seized 
of Hall End and other lands in the county of Warwick (Jure ux- 


orio), 1 Richard III and 14, Henry VIII, who married Johanna, 
daughter and coheir of William Sturmy . 

Nicholas 13 and Johanna Corbin had issue: 1. Richard**, 14 and 
25, Henry VIII, 1522-1533, married Anne, daughter of Thomas Ram- 
sey of Hitcham, Co. Bucks. She remarried Edward James; 2. Alice, 

wife of Bastard, of the City of London, Gent. 14 Henry VIII; 

3. , wife of Benton; 4. , wife of Whor- 


Richard** and Anne Corbin had issue: 1. Thomas", 2 Edward VI, 
died Circa 1584, married Ann, daughter of William Reppington, of 
Annington, married 31 Henry VIII, died 1606; 2. John", married 

Ann, daughter of Chapman, of London; 3. William", 3rd 

son; 4. Ann, wife of Thomas Brickwood, of Pilcewell, Co. Leicester. 

Thomas" and Ann Corbin had issue: 1. George" Corbin, of Hall 
End, 1615, died 25 Sept. 1636, and was buried in the Chancel of 
Kingswinford, married Mary, daughter of William Faunt, of Foston, 
Co. Leicester, died 1614; 2. Edith, wife of Thomas Wright, of Coton, 

Co. Warwick, died 1627; 3. Florence, wife of Billingsley, died 

1598; 4. Anne, wife of Anketill Bracebridge, of the Cliffe, in Co. 

George" and Mary Corbin had issue: 1. Henry", born 25 March 
1592, died unmarried 1619; 2. Thomas", of Hall End, born May 24, 
1594, died June, 1637, buried at Kingswinford, married Winifred, 
daughter of Gowen Grosvenor, of Sutton Colfield, Co. Warwick, 
married 1620; 3. Jane, wife of James Prescott, of Warwick, died 
1632; 4. Anne born 19 Feb. 1593, wife of John Hawkins, of Rock 
Hall, Co. Warwick. 

Thomas" and Winifred Corbin had issue: 1. Thomas", of Hall 
End,, eldest son, born April 1624, married 1645, Margaret, daughter 
of Edmund Goodyer, of Keythorp, Co. Oxon. (and had an only 
daughter and heiress, Margaret, born April 11, 1657, married Wil- 
liam Lygon, of Madrasfield, Co. Worcester. Her descendant and 
representative is the present Earl Beauchamp) ; 2. George 18 , 2nd 
son, died in the West Indies, married Abigail, daughter of George 
Cayspill, of New Kirk near Ypres in Flanders (and had an only son, 
Thomas, who married, but died without issue in the East Indies, and 
a daughter, who married but died without issue) ; 3. Henry 18 , 3rd 
6on, of the County of Middlesex in Virginia, died 8 Jan. 1675, and 
buried there; married 25 July 1645 (sic) Alice, daughter of Rich- 
ard Eltonhead, of Eltonhead, Co. Lancaster. She remarried Capt. 
Henry Creek of London and died about 1684. (For notice of Henry 
Corbin and genealogy of his decendants, see later); 4. Gawin", 
4th son, died at Yelverton, Norfolk, Feb. 25, 1709, and was buried 
there, married Grace Smith, of Derby; 5. Lettice, married Thomas 


Okeover, of London, son of Thomas Okeover, of Okeover, Co. Staf- 

Garvinis and Grace Corbin had issue: 1. Thomas™, only son, died 
unmarried at 31; 2. Mary, married Sir Richard Leving, of Pewick, 
Co. Derby, Knt. and Bart., sometime Attorney and Solicitor General 
in Ireland. She living 1715; 3. Lettice, married Roger Borough, of 
London, 1st wife, and died 1685; 4. Felicia, married Thomas Rant, 
of Yelverton, Norfolk, and was living in 1715. 

(To be continued) 


21 Charles^ Grymes. Little is known of him. A Charles 
Grymes married, in 1773, Ann Lightfoot, of York County, and a 
Charles Grymes probably the same, married Dec. 10, 1777, Mary 
Hubard. He probably lived in Gloucester County about 1798. 

22 Benjamins Grymes, of "Vaucluse", Orange County, mar- 
ried, Oct. 8, 1773, Sarah, daughter of Peter Robinson, of King Wil- 
liam County. He apparently made no will. That of his widow is 
of record in Orange County. 

Will Book 7:516. Will of (Mrs.) Sally Grymes, dated 1827, codi- 
cil 1831, prob. 1832. Son Peyton Grymes, executor; my eldest 
daughter Mary L. Bayly and her female children; my three 
unmd. daughters Lucy, Hannah F., & Sarah Berkeley Grymes. 
My daughter Elizabeth Pope Braxton. 

(Note — Mary L. Bayly was wife of George B. Bayly.) 
They had issue: 40. Philip 6 , married, May 10, 1804, Sarah R., 
daughter of William Steptoe, of "Hewick", Middlesex County, and 
had one child, who died young (Mrs. Sarah Steptoe Grymes, married 

2nd, William Burke) ; 42. Thomas 6 , married Wormeley, and 

died without issue; 43. John Randolph 6 ; 44. Peyton**; 45. Elizabeth, 
married Carter Braxton, of King William County; 46. Mary, mar- 
ried George B. Bayly; 47. Judith, married Peter Cottom; 48. Lucy, 
died unmarried; 49. Hannah, died unmarried. Her will is of record 
in Orange County: Will Book 13:387. Will of (Miss) Hannah F. 
Grymes, dated July, 1875, prob. Feb., 1876. My niece Harriet 
Grymes, wife of my nephew Benj. A. Grymes; * * * my great-niece 
Betty Braxton Grymes, dau. of my nephew Peyton Grymes * * * my 
great nephew Horace G. Taliaferro * * * my niece Mary Lester 
Grymes * * * my niece Nelly Grymes * * * my great -nephews Peyton 
Taliaferro, Edwin C. Taliaferro, & Philip P. Taliaferro." 


50. Sally Berkeley, died unmarried. Her will is of record in 
Orange County: Will Book 13:233. Will of (Miss) Sally Berkeley 
Grymes, date 1863, codicil 1865. "My nephews Wm. P. Braxton; Dr. 
Horace G. Taliaferro; my nephews Robert P. Grymes & Peyton 
Grymes * * * my niece Lester * * * my nieces Kate & Nelly Grymes 

* * * my niece Lucy N. Taliaferro * * * my niece Molly C. Grymes 

♦ * * nieces Kate, Harriet, & Nelly Grymes." 51, Susan, died un- 

(We are indebted to Rex. B. L. Ancell for abstracts of Orange 
County wills). 

27 Benjamin Grymes*, of "Eagles Nest", King George County. 
A partition deed, dated Jan. 27, 1800, recorded in King George 
County, recites that William Fitzhugh, of Fairfax County, by his 
will left to his [great] nephews William F. Grymes, Benjamin 
Grymes and George N. Grymes, two tracts of land in King George 
County, called Eagles Nest and Somerset, and also directed that 
said lands should be divided between said nephews; by this deed 
the lands are divided as follows: lot No. 1, to William F. Grymes, 
676 acres; lot No. 2, to Benjamin Grymes, 676 acres; lot No. 3, to 
George N. Grymes, 676 acres. Benjamin* Grymes was 1st Lieuten- 
ant in Grayson's Additional Continental regiment Jan. 18, 1777, and 
later was a Captain. He is stated to have served in Washington's 
guard. He married Ann, daughter of John Nicholas, of "Norborne", 
Dinwiddie County. He died about 1803. Issue 52. William Fitz- 
hugh*; 53. Benjamin*; 54. George Nicholas*; 55. Lucy Fitzhugh, 
married, January 2, 1804, A. B. Hooe, of "Barnesfield", King George 
County; 56. Martha Carter, married John Stuart, of King George 

43 John Randolphs Grymes was born in Orange County, Va., 
in 1786, and died in New Orleans, Dec. 4, 1854. He removed to 
Louisiana in 1804, served as a volunteer aide to General Jackson at 
the Battle of New Orleans and was complimented in dispatches to 
the War Department; was for many years a very eminent lawyer, 
and was Attorney General of the State, U. S. District Attorney and 
member of the State Constitutional Convention. He took part in 
two duels and was severely wounded in one of them. Mr. Grymes 
married Mrs. Suzette Claiborne (nee Bosque) widow of Governor 
W. C. C. Claiborne and had issue: 57. Medora, married Samuel 

Ward of New York; 58. Edgar 1 *, married , of Pittsburg, Pa., 

and had no issue; 59. Dr. Alfred, married twice in New York and 
had children; 60. Athenaise, married F. von Hoffman, German 
Consul at New York. 

44 Peyton 6 Grymes, of "Selma", Orange County, was born 
1791, and died 1878. He married Harriet (Shepherd) Dade, widow 



of Dr. Frank Dade. Following is an abstract of the will of Dr. 
Will Book 13:436. Will of Peyton Grymes [son of above]. Date 

1877, prob. 1878. "My two daughters Nellie & Mary Lester; 

[both died unmarried: B. L. A.] my son Peyton Grymes; my 

four sons Benj. A., Wm. S., Robert P. & John R. Grymes. My 

grandson Horace G. Taliaferro." 
Peytons and Harriet Grymes had issue: 61. Lucy Nelson, mar- 
ried Dr. Horace D. Taliaferro; 62. Peyton 7 ; 63. Robert Page?; 64. 
Benjamin Andrew ; 65. William Shepherd 7 ; 66. John Randolph 7 ; 
67. Nellie, died single; 68. Philip Meade 7 , died single at Galveston, 
Texas; 69. A. Pope 7 , died single at Galveston, Texas; 70. Mary Lister. 

(To be continued) 


By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 


The Aucher family is connected with the Lovelaces through the 
marriage of Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Aucher (1539? — 1568), 
Esq. of Bishopsbourne, Kent, with Sir William Lovelace (1561 — 
1629), the elder, of Bethersden. Through this Aucher marriage the 


Lovelaces also trace their descent from the families of Cornwallis 
of Brome, Suffolk, of Wrothe of Enfield, Middlesex, of the barons 
Rich of Leez, of Diggs of Barham, Kent, and of St. Leger of Otter- 
den, Kent, and of Hawte of Hawte Court, Kent. There is said to 
be a pedigree among the Hasted Manuscripts in the British Museum 
which traces the descent of the Auchers from "Walter Fitz-Auger, 
a noble Briton, who flourished at the time of the Conquest", and 
from Thomas Fitzaunger, who possessed the manor of Losenham, 
Kent, in the time of King John [1199-1216]. A roll of arms in the 
time of Henry III [1216-1272] and of 6 Edward I [1277] includes 
Henry Aucher with the same arms as were used later by the 
Auchers of Losenham and Otterden (Archaelogia Cantiana; xv;3). 
Sir Thomas Fitz Aucher founded in 1241 at Losenham the Carmelite 
Priory of St. Mary's (ibid. xiv;311), and in 1253-4 "Thomas filius 
Alcheri [Aucher] held one-fourth of a knight's fee of the Prior of 
Leeds and one-fourth of a knight's fee in Losenham of Radulpho de 
Sancto Leodegario [Sir Ralph St. Leger] (ibid. xii;222). 

The pedigrees of this old Kent family as usually presented in 
such standard works as The Visitation of Kent 1619 (Harl. Hoc. 
xlii;180), Berry's Genealogies; Kent (222-3; 287), Hastens Kent 
{2nd ed. v; 535-7) and Burke's Extinct and Dormant Baronetages 
(2nd ed.; 27-9), begin, however, with Nicholas Aucher 1 , said to be 
eixth in descent from Walter Fitz-Auger temp, the Conqueror. The 
writer has made no effort to verify these pedigrees prior to John 
Aucheri (died 1502), great gread grandfather of Elizabeth 
(Aucher») Lovelace, but beginning with this Johns, stated in his 
will to be the son of Henry Aucher*, he has been able to secure 
original evidence in the form of wills, inquisitions and other con- 
temporary documents, which afford independent verification of 
much of the latter portion of these pedigrees, and which seem to 
be of sufficient interest to publish, presenting as they do much 
which has never hitherto been printed, and correcting several er- 
rors, especially in regard to marriages, which exist in the so-called 
standard pedigrees. Where in the earlier portions of the pedigree 
the several authorities cited above show variations, The Visitation 
of Kent, 1619, unless other authorities are cited, has been followed. 
In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the name appears in con- 
temporary records variously as Aucher, Awcher, Auger, Alcher, 
Awger, Ager and Agger. The most notable progenitor of the family 
is Sir Anthony Aucher (1500-1557), who although conspicuous in 
political and military affairs in the reign of Henry VIII, Edward VI 
and Mary, and Marshal of Calais at the time of its capture by the 
French, has for some reason escaped the notice of all modern 


The Aucher arms are: Ermine, on a chief azure three lions, ram- 
pant, or. Crest: A bull's head erased gules armed or. 

I. Nicholas Aucheri. "Son of the Lord of Losenham" in New- 
enden, Kent, and possessor of lands in county Essex. He held cer- 
tain manors in Mayham Magna and Losenham, Kent, early in the 
fourteenth century (Archaeoloaia Cantiana; x; 140). Married a 

daughter of Oxenbridge of Bread [Brede] in Sussex. He 

was succeeded by his eldest son: 

II. Henry Aucher^ (Nicholasi). "Of Losenham in the time of 
Edward III [1327-1377], milites." Henry Aucher was assessed upon 
sundry manors held by him at the knighting of the Black Prince 
in 1346, and then appeared as possessing the following manors in 
Kent: one-quarter of a knight's fee in Losenham formerly held by 
Nicholas Aucher of Ralph St. Leger; one-quarter of a knight's fee 
in Mayham Magna formerly held by Nicholas Aucher of John Mal- 
mayns; and one-half of a knight's fee in Mayham Magna held 
jointly with Stephen Forshame (Archaeologia Cantiana; x; 139, 
140). He married a daughter of "John Diggs of Berham [Bar- 
ham], Kent, armiger." (For pedigree of Diggs of Berham, see 
Harl. Soc. xlii; 64-5; Berry's Genealogies; Kent; 142-3). He was 
succeeded by his son: 

III. Henry Auchers (Nicholasi, Henrys), of Otterden, Kent, 
milites. He married twice. By his 1st wife Isabella, daughter of 

At Towne of Throwley [Throwleigh], Kent, he had issue 

(1) Thomas Aucher* of Losenham and (2) Robert Aucher 4 , an- 
cestor of the Auchers of Westwell. By his 2nd wife Mary [or 
Joane], daughter and heiress of Thomas St. Leger* he acquired the 
Manor of Otterden. The Visitation of Kent, 1619, states that he 
and his second wife are buried near the High Altar of Otterden 
rhurch. By his second wife Mary St. Leger he had issue a son 
(3) Henry Aucher* — see IV: 

IV. Henry Aucher* (Nicholasi, Henrys, Henrys), of Otterden, 
living 19 Henry VI [1440]. The manor of Otterden was acquired 
through his mother Mary [or Joane] St. Leger, daughter and heiress 
milites. He married twice. By his 1st wife Isabella, daughter of 

Boleyn by whom he had issue two sons (1) John Aucher 5 — 

see V, and (2) Henry Aucher *; it may have been this Henry Aucher 

* The line of St. Leger of Otterden as given in Hasted's Kent (2nd 
ed. v; 535) begins with Ralph St. Leger of Ulcomb, Knight of the S'hire of 
Kent, 51 Edward III [1377]. His second son Thomas St. Leger of Otter- 
den. Sheriff of Kent, 20 Richard II [1396], died 10 Henry IV [140S], and 
is buried under the High Altar of Otterden Church. The latter's daughter 
Joane [the Visitation gives Maria!] married Henry Aucher of Otterden. 
The descent of Thomas St. Leger, father of Mary or Joane Aucher is given 
somewhat differently in the S't. Leger pedigree in Berry's Genealogies; 
Kent (p. 2S7). 


who married Eliza, daughter of Sir John Gulford (Archaeologia 
Cantiana; xiv; 5). 

V. John Auchers (Nicholas*, Henrys, Henrys, Henry*). Of Ot- 
terden, Kent. The Visitation of Kent, 1619, and Burke state that 
he married Alice Churche, which is an error as regards the Chri- 
tian name, for his will names his wife Margaret, and the will of 
his son James while referring to his uncle Thomas Churche, names 
his father John Aucher and his mother Margaret. John Auger is 
named among "The Gentils of Kent Anno Regni Regis Henry 7" 
[1485-1509] (Archaeologia Cantiana; xi; 395). It is stated in 
Burke that John Aucher died April 23, 1503, and that he and his 
wife Alice are buried in the north chapel of parish church at Otter- 
den, but his will proves that this date is incorrect and that he died 
between 18 July and 26 October, 1502. 

John Aucher'ss will shows that some time before his death he 
had conveyed by a "feoffement" to Henry Home, esquire, and 
others [as trustees] all of his lands in Kent. His will provides 
that immediately after his death his "feoffees" [trustees] make over 
an estate in all the lands which had formerly belonged to his 
father Henry Aucher (subject to an annuity of forty shillings to 
be paid to his wife Margaret) to his eldest son James Aucher, with 
reversion in event of the latter's death without heirs, successively 
to his sons William, John and Marcus, and then to his next heirs. 
The lands thus conveyed included his manor of Otterden with the 
advowson of the Otterden church, and certain other lands in the 
parishes of Otterden, Statesfield, Moulston and Bordesfield, with a 
special provision that if there were no heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten, the manor and advowson of Otterden were to pass to the 
"right heirs of Thomas Seyntleoger [St. Leger] esquire now dead." 
It will be recalled that his grandfather Henry Aucher^ had acquired 
Otterden through his second wife who was the daughter of Thomas 
St. Leger. He further provides that his other lands, which he 
apparently had not inherited from his father, and which included 
the manor of Moulston and the advowson of the Moulston church, 
and the manor of Little Frognall, also known as Rollings, should 
go to his wife Margaret during her life, subject to annuities to be 
paid to his younger sons William, John and Marcus, the manor 
and advowson of Moulston finally passing to his eldest son James 
and the manor of Little Frognall to his second son William. No 
daughters are named in the will. He had doubtless provided for 
them at the time of their marriage. The two daughters named 
below are given in the Visitation and in Burke. 

The will of John Auger [Aucher], the elder, of Otterden, dated 


18 July, 1502, was proved in the local Archdeaconry Court of Canter- 
bury, 26 October, 1502, by the executors (Vol. VIII; folio 11). 

I, John Auger theldard [the elder] of the pishe of 
Ottreden Kent gentyllman by my will dated the xviii 
day of July 1502 desire my body to be buried in the 
Chureyerd of our Lady before the Imager ther. I 
bequeath to the high Auter of the same churche for 
my tithes forgotten iii s. iiii d. I bequeath a cow pee 
of viii s. orelles [or else] viii s. for the said cowe at the 
discretion of my executors for to fine a lampe brenns 
ing before the Sacrament of the Hugh Auter of Ottre 
den aforesaid. I bequeath 200 lbs. of shyngill to b« 
made and leyed upon the repation of the said churche 
of Ottreden ther (sic) moost nede is at my cost and 
charge. I bequeath to the house of the Holy Trynte 
of Motynden iii s. iiii d. to pray for my soule and all 
cristen soules. Also to every of the house of Freers 
[friars] in Canterbury iii s. iiii d. to pray for my 
soule and all cristen soules. Also I bequeath v marks 
for an honest prest to syng in Oxenford for my soule 
and all my frends soules by the space of a hole yer. 
Also I will my executors fynde a preste imedialye aftre 
my decease to synge a Trentall of Masses in the church 
of Ottreden aforesaid. Also I bequeath a wedre 
[wether] sheepe of iii yer age to fynde Judas light. 
Also I bequeth to Margarete my Wif all the hole instuff 
of my householde only to be at her disposition w'out 
any other ptyner [partner]. The Residue of all my 
goods and catall I geve and bequeth to Margaret my 
Wif and James Aucher my Son whome I make my 

Second Part of Will of John Aucher of Ottreden 
theldar gentillman made the 12th day of August 1502 
Upon a feoffement by me made to Herry Home Es- 
quire and other of all my maners lands and tent's in 
the Countie of Kent. 

First I will that my feoffees imediately aftre my 
decease make estate of and in my manor of Ottreden 
wt the avoson of the churche ther and all other lands 
and tente in the pishes of Ottreden, Statesfeld, Monke- 
ton and Bordesfeld which sometyme were Henry 
Auchers my fadre to James Aucher my eldest Son and 
to his heires for ever the said James and his heires 
paying yerely to Margaete my Wif xl s. And if the 


said James die wtout heires lawfully begotten Then I 
will the said manor advoson lands and tente should 
remayne to William Aucher my second son and to his 
heires for ever And for defaute of such heires of the 
said William lawfully begotten I will the said manor 
advoson lands and tene should remayne to John Aucher 
my son and to his heires for ever And if the said 
John Aucher wtout issue lawfully begotten die then I 
will the said manor advoson lands and tente should 
remayne to Markis Aucher my youngest son and to 
his heires for ever And for defaute of heires of the 
said Marks body lawfully begotten then I will the said 
manor advoson lands and tente wt the appurtenncs 
holly should remayne to the next heires of my body 
lawfully begotten. I will the said manor of Ottreden 
wt the advoson holly should remayne to the rfght heires 
of Thomas Seyntleoger [St. Leger] esquire now dede 
for evmore. I also will that Margaete my wife anone 
aftre my decease should have my maners in Monketon 
and Little Frognale otherwise called Rollings during 
her life she paying yerely to every of William, John 
and Markys my sons, xxvi s. viii d. And aftre the 
decease of the said Margarete I will the said maner of 
Monketon wt the advoson of the churche of Monketon 
and other apprtenncs to the said James Aucher my 
eldest son & his heires for ever he paying to John 
Aucher and Markys Aucher my sonnes xx s. li d. to be 
equally divided betwene thaym at the rate of v marks 
yerely. I will imediately after the dethe of the said 
Margaerte my wif my feoffes grantt severally to eyther 
of John Aucher and Marcus my sonnes an annuytie of 
xxvi s. viii d. by yer to be had to them and their heirs 
out of the said maner called Little Frognall for ever 
at the feest of Eshe and Saynt Michill tharchangell 
and in defaute of payment with power for them to 
distrayne And aftre these grannts sufficiently prformed 
the said man'r of Little Frognall otherwise called Roll- 
ings wt the lands thereto pteyning to the said William 
Aucher my son his heires and assigns for ev . This 
Witnesseth Richard Sharpe Sir John Byn pson [par- 
son] of Ottreden James Dunstone and Thomas Wever. 

John Auchers by his wife Margaret Churche had issue (1) James 
Auchers, eldest son and heir — see VI, (2) William Auchers d. s. p., 
{3) John Auchere living 1509, and (4) Marcus Auchers (The Visi- 


tation and Burke incorrectly give his name as Marmaduke; the 

latter states that he married a daughter of Gilboe), (5) 

Jane Aucher« married Tho: Corbett, (6) Elizabeth Auchera married 
Tho: Barham. 

VI. James Auchere (Nicholasi, Henryz, Henrys, Henry*, Johns). 
Of Otterden, Kent, esquire. The Visitation of Kent, 1619, states 
that he married Alice the daughter of Tho: Hill, and that after 
his death she married James Hardres. Burke states in one place 
(Extinct and Dormant Baronetages, p. 28) that she was the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Hills, Esq., of Eggarton, near Godmersham, Kent, 
and that her second husband was James Hardres, of Hardres, Kent, 
and again in another place (p. 242) that she was a daughter of 
Robert Hill. This remarriage of the widow, the writer has been 
unable to verify, although Mabel, the widow of her grandson Ed- 
ward Auchers of Bishopsbourne did marry Richard Hardres of 
Hardres. See also Visitation of Essex, 1612, (Earl. Soc. xiii; 211). 
It is probable that she was really a member of the Hilles or Hillys 
family prominent in Eggerton, Kent. James Aucher died January 
6, 1508-9, and is buried in Otterden church near his father. His 
will, an abstract of which the writer has been able to secure from 
the probate records, dated January 1, 1508-9, was proved April 9, 
1509 (Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills; 13 Bennett). 

Will of Jamys Aucher of Oterynden, 1st January 
1508 [-9]. I give my body to be buried in the chapel 
of our Lady the Virgin within the parish church of 
Oterynden, to the re-edifying, garnishing and repara- 
tion of which chapel I bequeath £10, to bestowed in 
such form as my wife knoweth my mind. To the use 
of the high altar and high chancel of the said church 
40 s., and to the reparation and expedient works of 
the body of the church 20 s. To the Abbot of Boule, 
to the use of the image of the crucifix called the Roode 
of Grace there, 20 s. To the Abbot of Peversham, to 
pray for my soul 13s. 4 d. I bequeath all such sums 
of money as ben owing unto me of me fee in the mon- 
astery of St. Augustine besides Canterbury, that I may 
there be prayed for, to the use of the building of the 
said monastery; and I will that my best ring be fixed 
upon the shrine of St. Augustine thereto abide. I be- 
queath to Mr. Dean of St. Paul's to pray for me, of 
his charity, 66 s. 8 d. To Mr. Garrard, late charity 
priest of Sheryngton's chantry, as well to pray for me 
as in recompense of all griefs and other occasions by 
suits or otherwise between the priests of the said chan- 


try and me lately had, 66 s. 8 d.; and to the said Mr. 
Garrard, if he be there chantry priest or such other as 
shall be in the day of St. Andrew next coming, in the 
said form and intent, 66 s. 8 d.; these last three sums 
to be paid out of the debt to be paid to me in November 
coming by the said Mr. Garrard and others. To my 
brother William Aucher, with that I have paid him 
before, £6. 13 s. 4 d. to pray for my soul and with condi- 
tion to enseal such writing and all other things do 
for the surety of the said priests of Sheryngton's chan- 
try for the lands that I lately recovered against them in 
Tenterden, as shall be advised by the counsel of the 
said priests. To my brothers John and Marcus Aucher 
in the same form and condition 66 s. 8 d. To the said 
William Aucher my best gown, so that he cause a trental 
of masses and other suffrages thereto belonging to be 
said for me at the place besides the chapel of St. 
Stephen in Westminster called Scala Celi; and to my 
brother John my second gown, and to my brother 
Marcus my third gown on the like condition. To my 
uncle Thomas Churche, my coat, so that he cause to 
be said in the same place 5 masses, parcel of a trental, 
with the suffrages. To Mr. Dr. Wodroffe 40 s.; and to 
Mr. Docter Churche 20 s.; to pray for me. To George 
Hilys to pray for me and to be aiding to my wife 20 s. 
To an honest priest to celebrate divine service in the 
church of Oterynden for the space of two years, for 
my soul and for the soul of Sir Richard Guldeford, 
knight, John Aucher my father, Margaret my mother, 
Thomas Corbett and Margaret, late the wife of Ger- 
vase Home, 20 marks. To the Friars Minors of Cante- 
bury called Observants, 10 s. To the Black Friars and 
the Austin Friars there, to each house 40 d. to pray 
for me. To the marriage of Susanne my daughter, if 
to be perceived of my daughter's good and chattels. All 
the residue Of my goods to Alice my wife and Antaony 
my son, whom with Mr. Roger Churche, Doctor of Law, 
and John Hales, I ordain my executors; and Mr. Edward 
Guldeford, George Guldeford and the said William 
Aucher and George Hillis overseers. As touching my 
lands and tenements, my feoffees shall accomplish in 
everything in the agreement between Sir John Bynn<\ 
parson of Aterynden [Otterden], and me for his new 
mansion and garden set on the end of the churchyard 


of Aterynden for an obit to be observed for ever, as 
by the papers in the custody of John Hales may appear. 
If my wife lives til my son Anthony be 20 years of age, 
he shall have yearly out of my land during the life of his 
mother 10 marks; and my wife shall have all my lands 
and tenements except the said mansion and garden 
and the said 10 marks, finding my said Anthony to 
school and learning by the discretion of the said Mr. 
Dr. Churche and John Hales. If both my children die 
within age without lawful issue, all the lands and 
tenements that were my fathers shall remain accord- 
ing to his last will, and all my other lands to my next 
heirs according to the laws of the realm of England. 
Witnesses: James Dergng, John Hert, William Aucher, 
John Aucher, Marcus Aucher, George Hillys. 

Proved 9 April, 1509, by Alice the executrix named, 
the said Anthony refusing, with power reserved, etc., 
for the other executors. 
James Auchers left issue by his wife Alice (Hilles?) (1) Sir 

Anthony Aucher?, knt, — see VII, (2) Susanne Aucher?, unmarried 

1 January, 1508-9; not traced. 

VII. Sir Anthony Aucher? (Nicholas*, Henry 2 , Henrys, Henry*, 
Johns, jamess). Knight of Otterden and Bishopsbourne, Kent. He 
was probably born about 1500. Although conspicuous in public 
affairs, both civil and military, in the reigns of Henry VIII, Ed- 
ward VI and Mary, no biographical sketch of him has ever been 
published as far as the writer can learn. He inherited the manor 
of Otterden, the Aucher ancestral seat, from his father. Hlis 
inquisition shows that he purchased the manors of Bishopsbourne 
and Hautsbourne [Shelvingbourne] 1 June, 2 Edward VI [1548] 
from Thomas Culpeper, esq., of Bedgebury, who had acquired them 
through his wife Anne, daughter and heir of Sir William Hawte 
[Haute]. The statement made by Philipott (Villare Cantianum; 
1659; p. 89) and repeated by Hasted in his Kent, that he purchased 
these manors from Sir Thomas Culpeper in 34 Henry VIII [1542] is 
therefore incorrect. 

He first came into prominence through the active part which he 
took as one of the agents of Henry VIII in the suppression of the 
monasteries. He is said to have been receiver for Kent, Surrey 
and Sussex in the late thirties for carrying out this work. The 
published series of Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, the Calendar 
of State Papers — Edioard VI and Mary, and the Acts of the Privy 
Council for this period abound in references to him. Under date 
of 1538 he appears as one of "the gentlemen of My Lord Privy Seal's 


to be preferred with the King's Service" (Letters and Papers of 
Henry VIII, 1538; ii; p. 497). In the published state papers he 
appears between 1536 and 1558 variously as Controller of the Works 
of Dover, Paymaster of the Works of Dover, Chief Victualler of 
Boulogne, Joint Master of the Tents, and during the latter part 
of the reign of Henry VIII and in the opening years of the reign 
of Edward VI as Master of the Jewel House of the Tower of Lon- 
don. February 22, 1546-7 "Anthony Aucher was dubbed Knight of 
the Carpet by the King [Edward VI], on Tuesday after the Corona- 
tion, being Shrove Tuesday" (SJiaw's Knights of England; ii; p. 
59). The office of the Master of the Jewel House he seems to have 
held for several years during the latter part of his life. He also 
held the important military positions of Marshal of the fortress of 
Calais and Governor of the town of Guisnes. The exact date of 
his appointment to these posts is not known, but he was Marshal 
of Calais during the siege, and was killed at the time of its capture. 

The French commenced operations against Calais and Guisnes in 
the late autumn of 1557. Lord Grey the then governor of Guisnes 
and English commander of that stronghold, late in November, 1557, 
reports to the Queen that "having with me Mr. Aucher marshal of 
Calais" and other officers, he led an expedition for the destruction 
of the French outpost at Bushing, surrounding there about forty 
of the enemy in a church with a force of some two hundred English 
"footman harquebuziers". Upon their refusal to surrender without 
a struggle, Grey rejected a later request for a parley, blew up the 
church and put all the survivors to the sword, justifying this act 
of wanton cruelty on the ground that the rules of war forbade 
the defence of a fort not rationally defensible! (Froude's History of 
England; New York; 1866; vi; pp. 457-9). 

December 1st, Lord Wentworth in command of Calais reports 
that he sent the marshal of Calais [Aucher] with a troop of horse 
to attack a force of the enemy which was trying to cut off the 
English from the bridge, but that when the marshal realized the 
size of the opposing force he "took a very honest retire" (Calendar 
of State Papers; Foreign; 1553-1558; pp. 348, 354-6). The resistance 
of the small English garrison at Calais, numbering not over eight 
hundred men, against an army of thirty thousand under the Duke 
of Guise was, of course, perfectly hopeless, Calais falling January 7, 
1558, and Guisnes with its garrison of only a thousand men just two 
weeks later. Sir Anthony Aucher was killed at the siege of Calais. 
Philipott, the Kentish historian, writing about the middle of the 
seventeenth century of the manor of Lyminge in Kent owned at 
one time by Sir Anthony Aucher, says: 

"Henry the eighth in the thirty sixth year of his Reign [1554], 


granted it to Sir Anthony Aucher, who after, in the Reign of Queen 
Mary, was slain at Callis, whilst he endeavoured to make good that 
City, and the English interest together, by a noble and generous 
Resistance against the Furious Impressions and Onsets of the Duke 
of Guise, and the French Army, when he pressed upon with a 
straight and vigorous Siege." Philipot adds that the manor of 
Lyminge remained in the Aucher family until sold by a descendant, 
a later Sir Anthony, to Sir John Roberts in the first half of the seven- 
teenth century (Philipott's Yillare Cantianum; p. 222). The rec- 
tor of Bishopsbourne, the Rev. F. Evelyn Gardiner, has been kind 
enough to send the writer a copy of the inscription upon an old 
memorial tablet to the memory of Sir Anthony Aucher and his son 
Edward and their wives in the chancel of Bishopsbourne church. 














(To be continued) 


.-. < 

'J "w r 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVI II October, 1920 No. 4 


From the Originals in the British Public Record Office. 
Contributed by Charles E. Kemper. 

[By a series of grants from the Crown beginning in 1650, 
by Charles II, then in exile, the Northern Neck, that is, the 
country between the Rappahannock and Potomac to their head- 
waters, was granted to various individuals. Finally the titles 
all became vested in Thomas, Lord Culpeper, and to him, on 
Sept. 2j, 1688, James II, made a new grant for all the country 
"bounded by and within the heads of the Rivers Tappahannock 
alias Rappahannock and Queenough or Potomac River". This 
great property descended to Culpeper's daughter and heiress, 
who married Lord Fairfax, and, in 1722, to her son Thomas, 
Lord Fairfax, who afterwards removed to Virginia. 

Long controversies were carried on between the proprietors 
of the Northern Neck and the Government of the Colony of 
Virginia representing the Crown, as to the true "heads" of 
the two rivers. As it flowed through country more accessible 
to settlement from the East, the question of the Rappahannock 


seemed at the time to be the most important. There was a 
long contest as to whether the South branch (the Rapidan) 
or the North branch of the Rappahannock was the true head. 
The matter was finally left to a joint commission representing 
the Crown and Lord Fairfax. 

After careful surveying and the taking of much evidence, 
the Commission made a report in 1736. This report was 
taken to England and a final decision given in favor of Fair- 
fax. In the matter of the Rappahannock it was decided that 
the true "head" was the Conway River, a branch of the 

Under the construction finally given to the Culpeper- Fairfax 
grant it included the present counties of Northumberland, Lan- 
caster, Richmond, Westmoreland, Stafford, King George, 
Prince William, Fairfax, Loudoun, Fauquier, Culpeper, Madi- 
son, Page, Shenandoah and Frederick in Virginia, and Jeffer- 
son, Berkeley, Hardy, Hampshire and Morgan in West Vir- 
ginia. For additional information see this Magazine XV, 
392-399 and authorities there cited. 

The map 1 accompanying these documents is a reduced copy 
of the upper section of the map giving the boundaries as finally 
settled. We are indebted to Mr. Fairfax Harrison for a photo- 
graphic fac-simile of the original in the Library of Harvard 
University. The lower section of the original map comprises 
the Northern Neck below the head of tidewater. To reproduce 
the whole here would make it so small as to be of little value. 

1 This map is listed as No. 169a in Swem's Maps of Virginia and 
is noticed in Phillip's Virginia Cartography, p. 46. It appears from 
Col. Byrd's papers relating to the settlement of the Northern Neck 
Boundaries (which are reproduced at length in Wynne's edition 
but not in Bassett's) that the Byrd commission and the Fairfax 
commission each made a separate map (Wynne II, 122, 132). The 
Byrd map was drawn by Wm. Mayo (Wynne II, 116, 122) and that 
seems to be Swem's No. 161. This Harvard map is undoubtedly the 
Fairfax map, in a second state, to show the line of the award of 
1746. It is the same as Swem's No. 169 and, if so, where does Swem 
get his authority for attributing it to Peter Jefferson and Robert 
Brooke? A comparison of this map with Fry and Jefferson's map 
of 1751 shows that whoever drew the Harvard map knew much 
more of the local topography (of Fauquier e. g.) than did the 
authors of the Fry and Jefferson map of 1751, and it seems unlikely 
therefore, that Peter Jefferson ever had much to do with the Har- 
vard map. (F. H.) 


The documents published below were procured by Mr. 
Kemper from London as material for his study of the history 
of the western portion of Virginia. The readers of our Maga- 
zine have already been under a heavy debt of obligation to 
Mr. Kemper for his exceedingly valuable notes to the series 
of articles entitled "The Westward Movement in Virginia" 
(published in vols. XI and XII) and as collaborating with Dr. 
Hinke in editing the diaries of the Moravian missionaries who 
travelled through the western portion of the Colony, which 
was one of the most valuable contributions ever made to the 

We have other valuable papers from Mr. Kemper which will 
be published at an early date.] 

Letter From Governor Gooch, 1729 2 . 

My Lords 

1 have not had the honor of any Commands from your Lord- 
ships by any of the Ships come hither this year = my last Dis- 
patch was by the Randolph of London in which were conveyed 
the Council Journals and other publick Transactions to that 
time, of which I herein inclose a Duplicate. With this your 
Lordships will receive the Journals of the Council from the 
first of Aprill to the 12 th Instant, together with the Accompts 
of the Revenue of Quit Rents and two shillings per Hogshead 
ending in Aprill, and the Returns of the Naval Officers. 

Sometime after my Last a number of Negroes, about fiftenn, 
belonging to a new Plantation on the head of James River 
formed a Design to withdraw from their Master and to fix 
themselves in the fastnesses of the neighbouring Mountains : 
They had found means to get into their possession some Arms 
& Ammunition, and they took along with them some provi- 

2 Besides the discussion of the boundaries of the Northern Neck, 
this long letter from Governor Gooch to the English authorities, 
contains a good many other matters of interest. Among them are: 
a negro plot, training of the militia, a notice of the neighboring 
Indians, a plague of caterpillars, the services of the chaplain (Mr. 
Fontaine) with the Virginia and North Carolina boundary commis- 
sion, the Tobacco trade, and the freeing of a negro in return for 
his making public his secret cure for venereal disease. 


sions, their Cloaths, bedding and working Tools; but the 
Gentleman to whom they belonged with a Party of Men made 
such a diligent pursuit after them, that he soon found them 
out in their new Settlement, a very obscure place among the 
Mountains, where they had already begun to clear the Ground, 
and obliged them after exchanging a shot or two by which one 
of the Slaves was wounded, to surrender and return back, 
and so prevented for this time a design which might have 
proved as dangerous to this Country, as is that of the Negroes 
in Jamaica to the Inhabitants of that Island, Tho' this attempt 
has happily been defeated, it ought nevertheless to awaken 
us into some effectual measures for preventing the like here- 
after, it being certain that a very small number of Negroes 
once settled in those Parts, would very soon be encreas'd by 
the Accession of other Runaways and prove dangerous Neigh- 
bours to our Frontier Inhabitants. To prevent this and many 
other mischiefs I am training and exercising the Militia in 
the several Counties as the best means to deter our Slaves 
from endeavouring to make their Escape, and to suppress 
them if they should ; and as the Establishment I made of an 
Adjutant to discipline the Militia is much to the satisfaction 
of the People, and like to prove very useful towards their 
safety and Defence, I doubt not your Lordships will approve 
of that part of my conduct, for, it is to this new Regulation 
of the Militia, and the good disposition of the Officers I have 
now appointed to instruct those under their Command in the 
exercise of Arms that we owe the present peace with our 
tributary Indians ; who sometime before were become very 
turbulent and ungovernable, but are now so submissive, how 
long that temper will continue I can't say, that one of the great 
Men of the Saponie Nation having killed an Englishman, tho' 
the murder was committed when he was drunk, which they 
look upon as a just excuse, because, as they say, a Man is not 
accountable for what he did while he is deprived of his reason. 
Yet they readily delivered him up to justice upon my first 
message, and he has been since tryed and executed without any 
sign of resentment from that Nation altho' he was in much 


esteem among them. I had ordered some of the Nation to be 
at the tryal, who did attend, and by an Interpreter were made 
to understand that the Proceedings in the Court against Him 
were the same as in the like case they would be against a White 
Man, and indeed so it hap'ned that there was one try'd and 
executed with Him. 

The eagerness of the Inhabitants to take up Lands amongst 
the great Western Mountains, has renewed a Contest, which 
for a long time had layn dormant touching the Right of grant- 
ing the Lands on the Head of Rappahanock River, the Pro- 
prietor of the Northern Neck claims the same by virtue of his 
Grant ; and I find former Governours made no scruple to sign 
Patents for Lands as far as the most Northern Branch of Rap- 
pahanock River: But for my better direction therein, I have 
now before me a Letter from your Lordships dated March 26 th 
1707 the twelfth Paragraph of which I am governed by and 
intend now to answer, "in being very watchful that his 
Majesty's Lands be not invaded under any pretence of a Grant 
to any Proprietor", agreeable hereunto, I have absolutely re- 
fused the suspension of granting of Patents, notwithstanding 
the remonstrances of the Proprietor's Agent; but proposed 
that the Case should be fairly stated and determined according 
to the genuine Construction of the Proprietor's Charter, which 
'tis agreed shall be prepared and transmitted to your Lord- 
ships for that purpose. In the meanwhile, to give your Lord- 
ships a clearer Idea of the Lands in controversy, I herewith 
send a sketch of that part of the Country which lies near and 
amongst the Mountains, watered by Streams which fal into 
the Rivers Rappahanock and Potomack, and which are in- 
sisted on to be within the Northern Neck Grant as head 
springs of those two Rivers, the Draught is not offered to 
your Lordships as accurately done: But by it your Lordships 
may please to observe, that the River Rappahanock, which 
from the Bay of Chesapeak is navigable to the Falls, is about 
tenn Miles above the Falls divided into two Branches, and 
those again about thirty Miles upwards divided into other 
Branches, and so the nearer they approach the Mountains into 


other lesser Streams, so that it is scarce possible to distinguish 
which of them ought to bear the name of a River. Here it is 
that the Lands now in dispute ly : But as the last Grant made 
in 1688 to the Lord Culpeper, which is the most extensive, de- 
scribes "the Territory to be bounded by and within the first 
Heads or Springs of the Rivers Rappahanock & Potomack, 
the courses of the said Rivers from the first said Heads or 
Springs as they are commonly called and known by the In- 
habitants, and description of those Parts" — it seems a doubt 
whether the Proprietor can claim any farther upon these 
Rivers than what was called Rappahanock and Potomack 
Rivers at the time of the Grant; and that was only as far as 
they are Navigable, for above that there was then no Inhabi- 
tant: or at most, whether the Grant shall extend any further 
than the River Rappahanock continues one entire Stream. 
For since the River is formed by the confluence of two lesser 
ones not discovered till long after the Proprietor's Charter, 
and those of such equal bigness as to render it doubtful which 
of them deserves the name of Rappahanock River; and since 
there cannot be two Rivers of the same name, and as neither 
of them is described in the Grant, with submission to your 
Lordships, it seems to me the most natural construction of 
that Charter, to fix its limits at the confluence of those two 
Rivers, where Rappahanock is first formed, and from thence 
runs in one continued Stream into the Bay of Chesapeak ; 
And as Potomack River is the boundary between the Province 
of Maryland and the Northern Neck, and the first fountain of 
that River laid down in the Charter of the Former, and the 
first Head or Spring thereof as the Boundary of Both to the 
Westward; I must still presume to say, that wherever the 
Proprietors of Maryland and of the Northern Neck agree to 
fix the first Fountain or Spring of Potomack River, a line 
drawn thence to Rappahanock River must terminate the 
Northern Neck Patent; and then all the Lands lying west- 
ward of that remains still in the power of the Crown to grant. 
But if on the other hand all the Lands which ly on any of 
those Rivulets or Brooks which fall into Rappahanock or 


Potomack Rivers be allowed to belong to the Proprietor of 
Northern Neck as his Agent pretends, the King will then have 
very little more Land to dispose of in Virginia. For your 
Lordships may please to observe by the enclosed Draught that 
one of the Branches of Potomack River which is now known 
by the name of the River Shenundo, runs through and paralel 
with the great ridge of Mountains, and is said to have its 
source near Roanoke River ; So that almost the Tract which is 
now called Virginia is encompass'd and bounded by that River, 
and the " Proprietor instead of being circumscribed by and 
within the Head of Rappahanock will extend his Bounds up- 
wards of Sixty Miles to the Southward of it, which can never 
be imagined, I think, to have been the intention of the Crown, 
nor agreeable to the words of the Charter. Seeing therefore 
my Lords it is of importance to his Majesty with respect to 
his Revenue of Quit Rents, and of no small concern to the 
People of Virginia, who are very averse to the taking up of 
Lands under a Proprietor, I thought it my duty to let your 
Lordships thus far into the Merits of this Case by way of 
Advance, that if it be thought necessary I may receive your 
Lordships Opinion and Direction therein before the matter 
comes to be stated between Me and the Proprietor's Agent, 
which I apprehend will require some time to adjust, because I 
shall not easily agree to Facts of the truth whereof I am not 
perfectly convinced. 

As the Journal of Council and Proclamation herewith sent 
mention the dreadful apprehensions this Colony again lay 
under from the Caterpillars ; it is fit that I should now in- 
form your Lordships, that by the peculiar favour of Heaven 
that danger is now over without any other consequence than 
the destruction of some Orchards and Timber. 
I forgot in my last among the Allowances for the Gentlemen 
employed in running the Boundaries to mention that of a 
Chaplain whom I appointed to attend that Service, and who 
deserves his Majesty's consideration when the Payment of 
that Work shall be ordered. It was very necessary that a 
Clergyman should be sent out with such a number, when they 


were to pass through a Country where they could not have 
the oppurtunity of attending the Public Worship; and the 
Report that Gentleman made to me sufficiently proves how 
well he answers my purpose in sending of him; for he Chris- 
tened above an hundred Children, a great many adult Persons, 
and preached to Congregations who have never had publick 
Worship since their first Settlement in those Parts ; such is 
the unhappy State of those poor Inhabitants who possess the 
borders of our neighbouring Province, in which, there is not 
one Minister. 

I have herewith sent your Lordships a List of the Military 
Officers in this Province ; and as soon as the severel Troops 
and Companies are adjusted, I shall transmit the List of their 
officers and number of Men. 

As the state of the Tobacco Trade calls for a speedy Rem- 
edy, as well to prevent an apparent Loss to his Majesty's Rev- 
enue, as a great Blow to the Manufacturers of Great Brittain, 
if the Planters discouraged from making of Tobacco by the 
lowness of the Price, should be driven to the Necessity of 
laying that aside, and should provide themselves with their 
own Cloathing from the Materials this Country affords, since 
their Tobacco will no longer supply them; what immediately 
follows is part of a Letter I have sent by this conveyance to 
the Duke of Newcastle, in compliance with what I promised 
his Grace in a former Letter, of which I sent your Lordships 
a Copy. 

"It is evident that the Duty have (sic.) and is a strong tempta- 
tion to Many to contrive all possible ways of defrauding the 
Crown by running the Tobacco in Great Brittain: and the 
success they have had therein, has likewise given occasion to 
buying up all the mean and trash Tobacco, purchased here by 
Agents and Sailors who well know how to dispose of it with- 
out paying any Duty. And this sort of Traffique has encour- 
aged the Planters to cure a great deal or all of their Trash, 
which otherwise must have been thrown away. Thus is the 
Market for the good Tobacco damp'd by the fraudulent im- 


portation of the Bad, and the fair Trader and honest & indus- 
trious Planter greatly discouraged. 

I have taken some pains to find out a Remedy for this great 
Evill, and to that purpose have consulted divers of the prin- 
cipal Inhabitants of this Province as well Merchants as others, 
and find it generally agreed that the only effectual means to 
prevent the Abuse which long since crept into this Trade, will 
be to bring all the Tobacco under a strict examination by 
sworn Officers, before it be allowed to be ship'd of for Great 
Brittain; that all that is found Bad be destroy'd and None 
exported but what is really good and Merchantable, and that 
an Ace 1 of the true weight of every Hogshead or Cask shall 
be transmitted to the Commissioners of his Majesty's Customs, 
by which the fraudulent Practice of breaking open of hogs- 
heads and running of the Tobacco may be more easily detected 
and prevented. I now send to your Lordships also, the Heads 
of what I humbly propose for the improvement of the Tobacco 
trade, hoping that when your Lordships have consider'd them, 
they may be approved and immediately put in Practice, either 
by obtaining his Majesty's Letters Mandatory to the Governors 
of Virginia & Maryland to pass them into Laws, or, which 
would be much more efficacious, an Act of Parliament to put 
all the Tobacco made in the Plantations under the Regulation 
therein proposed; for it must be confess'd that though the 
judicious and honest part of the People here are well inclined 
to these measures, there are too many of a different Charac- 
ter, who are ready to oppose everything that is, not suited to 
their narrow Conceptions and private Views. If these pro- 
posals are thought by your Lordships to deserve encourage- 
ment, and to pass in the Parliament, there is one thing not 
mention'd that must be provided for, and that is, the Nomina- 
tion of the Officers to inspect the Tobacco, who must be Men 
of Character & Understanding in that Commodity, which may 
be left, unless your Lordships shal order otherwise, to the 
Appointment of the Governours, who must also ascertain their 
Sallarys in proportion to their Trouble ; for some Places where 


Storehouses must be built, will have much more Tobacco 
brought to them than others. 

What I have to add I hope will not be unacceptable, since 
'tis to inform your Lordships that upon the Bruit of many 
wonderful Cures performed by a Negro Slave in the most in- 
veterate Venerial Distempers, I thought it might be of use to 
mankind, if by any fair Method I could prevail upon him to 
discover to me the Means by which such Cures were effected, 
which the Negro had for many years practiced in this Coun- 
try, but kept as a most profound Secrett ; as the Fellow is very 
old, my endeavours were quicken'd lest the Secrett should 
dye with him: therefore I immediately sent for him, and by 
good words and a promise of setting him free, he has made an 
ample discovery of the whole, which is no other than a 
Decoction of the Root and Barks I have sent over to a Phisi- 
tian, that the Colledge may have the opportunity what effect it 
will have in England; and I flatter myself, by the Ingenuity 
of the Learned in that Profession, it may be reduced into a 
better draught than he makes of it, which they tell me is 
nauseous enough, the difference of Climate may probably 
cause a difference in its operation ; but there is no room to 
doubt of its being a certain Remedy here, and of singular use 
among the Negroe's who are frequently tainted with that 
Disease, (for I made a tryal of the things by the hands of a 
Surgeon here, before I purchased his freedom, the whole 
charge of which costs the Government about £60 ster) and is 
well worth the Price that has been paid for it, since we know 
how to cure Slaves without the aid of Mercury, who were 
often ruined by the unskilfulness of the Practitioners this 
Country affords. At the worst my Lords I hope it will be 
deemed a laudable Attempt, and be an encouragement for one 
of D r Ratcliffe's travelling Phisitians to take a -tour into this 
part of the World, where there are many valuable discoveries 
to be made, not to be mett with in France or Italy. 

It is so long since we received any Advices from England, 
and those of the latest date speaking with great uncertainty 


as to Peace or War, I thought it absolutely necessary to lay an 
Embargo to the end of this moneth : this may possibly raise a 
Clamour, especially if things are quiett among those Merchants 
whose Ships were ready to sayle sooner ; but I did it my Lords 
to give an oppertunity to the most valuable Ships to form a 
Fleet for their greater Security, and not doubting but by that 
time in case of a War, Convoys would be order'd for them. 
But his Majesty's Ship the Ludlow Castle is oppertunely 
arrived here, and intends to accompany them in their Passage 
Home. And it happened very luckily that this Embargo was 
laid in time, since we have been alarmed by a Spanish Pri- 
vateer's being upon the Coast, by the Deposition sent me from 
Hampton as follows 

The Deposition of John Pitts Master of the Sloop Dolphin 
of Bermuda, Who says that he sayled from Bermuda the 31 st 
day of May last in the Sloop Dolphin burthen twenty five 
Tonns, no Guns & five Men, that on the eight of June follow- 
ing He saw in the Lat. of 37 d :i8 m about 12 leagues East from 
Cape Charles a large Sloop which gave him Chase and fired 
two Guns at Him and pursued him till Night ; that he believes 
him to be a Spanish Privateer and that he is now lying off the 
Cape, and further this Deponent saith not. 
taken & sworn to before me Signed John Pitt 

this 9 th day of June 1729 

Wilson Cary 

Naval Off : 

I have nothing more to trouble your Lordships with at 
present, but to repeat the Assurance with which I am 
My Lords 

Your Lordships Most faithful and most obedient 
humble Servant William Gooch. 


W ms burgh June 29 th 1729 
My Lords 

The Military List I could not get compleated for this 


Endorsed Virginia 

L r from Major Gooch 
U- Governor of Virginia 
dated y* 29 th of June 1729. 

Rec d 28 th August 

Read 2 d Septem r 1729 

R. 120 

Governor Gooch's Letter In Regard to the Boundaries 

of The Northern Neck, Maryland and 


(Record Office, London. B. T. Virginia. Vol. 20. S. 32. 
Letter from Major Gooch. Feb. 8 th 1732/3.) 

My Lords. 

I have the honour of Your Lordships of the 13 th 7ber, 
with the papers your Lordships were pleased to send in Rela- 
tion to the Pretensions of the several Proprietors of Pensil- 
vania, Maryland and the Northern Neck, to the Lands lying 
Westward of the G l Mountains of Virginia 

In my letter of the 29 th of June 1729 I gave your Lord- 
ships a true state of the Dispute between the Crown and the 
L d Culpeper as to the Construction of his Grant: and I then 
humbly offered my opinion for determining that matter at 
Home, and I am still of opinion that the best and most ef- 
fectual way to do it, must be either by a Tryal in Westminstei 
Hall, or by the Arbitrament of Persons deputed, by the King 
and L d Fairfax, for that Purpose, since by viewing the Mapp 
I sent your Lordships and comparing it with the Grant of 
King James the 2 d to L d Culpeper, and considering how far 
the Rivers Rappahannock and Potomack were then known, 
a true judgment may be formed what was the Intention of 
the Crown, and what ought to be the Boundarys conformable 
to that Intention and until such determination be made either 
by a legal Decision or Compromise. I am humbly of opinion 


that appointing Commissioners here will prove a fruitless 
Labour and Expence. 

It is to be noted My Lords that the Rivers Rappahannock 
and Potomack took their Names from the Indian Nations in- 
habiting their respective Banks, and that the Places where 
these Indian Towns stood, when Virginia was first seated, and 
continued while there were any Remains of those Nations, are 
below the Falls of both Rivers, and where they are Navigable. 
What denomination Rappahannock had above its Falls, or the 
several Rivers had which form it, doth not certainly appear, 
tho' 'tis more than probable the Indians had other names for 
them; for that part of Potomack River which has been lately 
discovered and settled above its Falls is known and called by 
the Indian Nations that have most commonly frequented it, 
by the name Cahongarooten, as all the other Rivers which 
fall into it are called by their several distinct names. So 
that if according to L d Culpepers Grant nothing Passes by the 
names Potomack or Rappahannock Rivers but as they were 
known and called at the time of its Date, my L d Fairfax can 
claim no farther Westward than the Falls of each River, or at 
the farthest where those Rivers begin to be one stream. But 
if His Majesty out of his more abundant Bounty, thinks fit 
to allow that Grant to extend up to the Head Spring of that 
River which forms the North Branch of the Rappahannock, 
then the Bounds must be runn from thence to the River Ca- 
hongarooten, where from the same Meridian the head Spring 
of Rappahannock lyes in, and consequently must be Bounded 
by the ridge of Mountains, as your Lordships will see by the 
Mapp ; and then L d Fairfax will have an extent of Territory 
upwards of Two Hundred Miles in length, and in some places 
thirty Miles broad ; and His Majesty be at liberty to Settle a 
Barrier between this Colony and the Lakes, upon which the 
security of this and the other Provinces greatly depend. 

L d Fairfax's Agent here has laid down such strange Pre- 
tensions, as never, in my opinion, can be reconciled with the 
words of the Grant: They will have it that because the head 
Springs of both Rivers are mentioned in the Grant, His Lord- 


shipp is not to be Bounded by the head of Rappahannock, 
but is to comprehend all the Rivers that fall into Potomack, 
wheresoever their Head-Springs or Sources take their Rise; 
and therefore because the River Shenanto or Sherando falls 
into Cahongarooten, they will have all the lands on that River 
as far South as the Borders of N° Carolina, and from thence 
all the Lands Westward and Northward to the Source of 
Cahongarooten to be within their Bounds, which would extend 
that Grant, confined plainly by the words of it between the 
two Rivers Rappahannock and Potomack, upwards of one 
hundred Miles beyound Rappahannock to the Southward, and 
above that distance to the West, and so to extend North 
behind Maryland, intersecting the Province of Pensilvania. 

Your Lordships will hence Perceive how impracticable it is 
for Commissioners here to determine a Controversie so per- 
plexed, and how unequal any Commissioners here are like to 
prove for such a Task, where the Foundation, the Letters 
Pattent of the Crown are deemed altogether uncertain ; and 
neither the King was informed what he Granted, nor could 
the Pattentee know how to describe what he asked and would 
now extend his Claim beyond what ought to be allowed, or it 
can be supposed the Crown intended to bestow. 

I have enlarged the more fully, My Lords, on the Claim of 
L d Fairfax, because until that is determined, there is no occa- 
sion for His Majesty to interest himself in the dispute con- 
cerning the Boundarys of Maryland or Pensilvania: for if the 
Northern Neck Grant is judged as extensive as the Proprie- 
tor's Agent would have it, I know no Lands His Majesty hath 
to dispose of beyOund the great Ridge of Mountains. She- 
nando, as laid down in the Mapp, runs paralel with that Ridge 
from the extremity of our Southern Boundary. Cahonga- 
rooten is said to have its source beyound the fortieth Degree 
of North Latitude, and intersecting the Boundarys of Pensil- 
vania runs on the West of Maryland, till it falls into Potomack 
River properly so called, — and the many Rivers which fall 
into Cahongarooten from the West, are said to interlock with 
the branches of the Messissippi So that the Lands in Virginia 


which are in the Power of the Crown to Grant, are entirely 
cut off, and seperated from that which ly (sic) contiguous to 
the Lakes, by this extraordinary Claim under the Grant of 
the Northern Neck 

But since my Lords I can never suppose that such a Con- 
struction of the Northern Neck Grant will be allowed, and 
that your Lordships may receive all the Information I can 
give, I shall go on and state the difference between Virginia 
and L d Baltimore; His Lordship's Province of Maryland is 
bounded on the South, from the Sea, to Watkins's Point 
(which is not laid down in the Mapp I sent, but your Lord- 
ships may judge it to be on the South side of that River I 
should have said the South side of the Mouth of that River 
which runs out of Cheseapeak Bay into the Eastern shore) 
and thence cross Cheseapeak Bay to the South side of Poto- 
mack River (which River is in his Lordship's Grant, tho' in 
His Majesty's Instructions 'tis called a pretended Right, and 
I am thereby directed to assert His Majesty's Right) and so 
that River continues the Limit between His Lordship and 
Virginia. On the North his Ldshipp is bounded by a West 
line (where they are to sett out is not yett, as I hear, agreed 
upon, 'tis conjectured about Delaware River or Sasafras 
River, but that is not material) which is to extend as far 
Westward as the true Meridian of the first fountain of Poto- 
mack ; by which, my Lords it is evident that the first Fountain 
of Potomack was then supposed to be somewhere to the South 
of that line, otherwise it would have been more properly ex- 
pressed, by extending that line Westward till it intersected 
Potomack River, and so have made that River the Western 
Limit, as well as it is the Southern of his Lordship's Grant. 
Hence I think it clear, my Lords, that neither in the Grant to 
Maryland, nor that to my U Culpeper, Potomack River was 
ever imagined to extend so far as the River Cahongarooten 
doth and if L d insists on that as Potomack, and if it be true 
that its Source takes its Course from the North-east, as it is 
generally reported, then a line drawn from that Meridian to 
Potomack River, properly so called, will cut off a large Tract 


now inhabited under Grant from L d Baltimore as part of his 
province: and some People here are so confident of this, that 
they have Petitioned me for Grants of large Tracts of Land 
there as belonging to Virginia, which Petitions are referred 
till the Boundarys be settled. Others argue that by the first 
Fountain of Potomack, his Lordships West line can extend no 
farther than till it falls on the first River on its Course, which 
emptys itself into Potomack, of which it seems there are many 
on that side of Cahongarooten, as well as on the other, and 
they pretend to know that River called Cahongarooten 
Conneichiga 1 " [by another hand, F. P. transcriber.] is that 
which the line between Maryland and Pensilvania will first in- 
tersect, and have their eye upon Lands on the Westside of that 
River as undoubtedly in Virginia; in which case Lord Balti- 
more will lose less, and have his Limits sooner ascertained, 
than by tracing Cahongarooten to its Source, and then running 
a South line from thence according to his Charter 
The Grant of Pensilvania is the only one whose Western 
limit is capable of being reduced to a certainty consistent with 
the Description mentioned in the Letters Patent: and if the 
Proprietors of that Province and L d Baltimore shall agree to 
run the line of Division between them, and to measure as far 
as that extends, the rest of the five Degrees of Longitude, 
which is the extent of Pensilvania, may with small Expence 
and no Dispute be measured and fixed so as no Controversy 
may arise hereafter. 

Since therefore, My Lords, there appears such uncertainty 
in the Description of the Boundarys of these Proprietary 
Grants, made without due Information or Knowledge of what 
was intended to be Passed to the several Patentees ; and since 
the Proprietors are neither like to agree amongst themselves 
where their Boundarys are, nor how they Interfere, nor seem 
to be contented with what may reasonably be supposed the 
Crown granted them; it is high time to take some speedy 
Measures to put an end to these Disputes, and the rather since 
there is now a View of having great numbers of foreign 

t For the Alteration vide Major Gooch's letter to the Secr'y dated 
. . July [in another hand]. 


Protestants to seat these Frontiers, and thereby prevent the 
French, an oppertunity if lett slip, perhaps may never be 

But I cannot leave this Subject without representing to 
your Lordships that the erecting- new Provinces and Gov- 
ernments will be attended with many Inconveniences: such as 
the weakness of an Infant Settlement to support itself; the 
difficulty of bringing Foreigners to the knowledge and under 
the Subjection of the English Laws, where they are left to 
themselves and not Incorporated with an English Govern- 
ment ; the disputes that may arise concerning their Boundarys, 
if a Tract of Land should be Granted them, the true Limits 
whereof cannot be with certainty described, besides many 
others which 'tis needless to trouble Your Lordships with. 

I should rather, if your Lordships will give me Leave, ad- 
vise if they are to be Settled within the Limitts of Virginia, 
that His Majesty would leave it to the Government here to 
assign them lands proportionable to their Number, and to 
Grant them distinct Patents, with exemption for seven or tenn 
years from Payment of Quitrents, and such other ease in the 
manner of taking and cultivating as His Majesty shall think 
reasonable for their Encouragement; and care may be taken 
here that no more Land than is already entered for on the 
back of the Mountains will be granted to any other Person 
whatsoever till they have their full complement assigned them, 
all which I submitt to your Lordships better judgment. 

My Lords, I have made all the Inquiry I can into the mat- 
ter sett forth in M rs Jones's letter, and can only find, and I 
am perswaded 'tis all that is in it, that one D r Watkins and 
some other necessitous People have imposed upon some Gen- 
tlemen of Estates, and drawn them into buying Shares of a 
Silver Mine they pretended, at first, they had found on the 
back of the Mountains, tho' they afterwards reported it near 
Sasquehannah River in the Province of Maryland, and hav- 
ing showed something which they affirmed to be silver oar, 
it proved to be only antimony, and the Gentlemen concerned 
are now convinced it is a Cheat put upon them for which they 


paid in advance about £20 p man. However I shall have a 
watchful eye over them, and if I can discover any appearance 
of a Royal Mine shall give speedy notice of it to Your Lord- 

I am, My Lords, Your Lordships 

most dutiful and most faithful humble Servant 
William Gooch. 

W ms burgh 
February 8 th 1732/3 

This comes by a ship to Leverpool. 

[Endorsed] Virginia. 

L r from Maj' e Gooch Lieutent Gov"* of Virginia, dated y e 
8 th of Feb 7 1732/3 giving a large State of the dispute about 
the Boundaries between that Government and y e Northern 
neck Maryland & Pensylvania, occasioned by a Petition for a 
New Settlement on the back of the Great Mountains, and 
about a pretended Silver Mine found there. 

Reced 25 th May 1733 
Read Septem 16 : 1734 


Report of The Commissioners to Settle The Boundaries 
of the Northern Neck. 

(From a document in the Library of Congress) 


We shall now take notice of the Principal Matters con- 
tained in their several Reports together with the Proofs and 
Grounds upon which they proceeded. 

The Commissioners appointed by the Lieutenant Governor 
of Virginia in behalf of the Crown in their Report say, — 

"That they took their Survey of the Main Branch of the 


River Potowmack (called Cohongo ronton) from its Conflu- 
ence with Sharando and so upwards beyond the Blew Moun- 
tains to its first Spring Head, and of the River Rapahannock 
from its Fork, pursuing both North and South Branch to the 
Spring Heads likewise and found the North Branch to be 
wider at the mouth than the South by 3 Poles Nine Links. 
That they can find no evidence that the Fork of Rapahannock 
was known at the time of Lord Culpeper's Grant. That Lord 
Fairfax has produced no evidence to support his Pretension 
to the South Branch. But they, the said Commissioners, offer 
some in support of his Majesty's which are chiefly arguments, 
inferences, and deductions drawn partly from the sense of the 
Legislature in Virginia and partly from Grants of the Crown. 
They thus pursue their account of the river Potowmack and 
refer to the Deposition of Thomas Harrison 3 taken upon oath 
before them "That the Falls of Potomack were not known 
fifty years ago". They further say "That the Lands at or 
near the falls were not granted till 1709, and that it was not 
known that the River runs through the Mountains till several 
years after, That the River loses its name at the Confluence 
and is called by the Indians as it goes higher up Cohon.garon- 
ton and Sharando, and conclude "That the Fork may not 
therefore be improperly called the Head", which opinion they 
endeavor to corroborate by saying "That as . the Head of 
Potowmack stretches beyond the Blew Mountains and that of 
Rappahannock reaches no higher than those mountains they 
could not be intended as Boundarys by the Grant of King 
James since the one reaches Two Hundred Miles above the 

They conclude their Report by Stating four several Boun- 
daries for the Lord Fairfax's Grant and mention what quan- 
tity of land each of those Boundaries contains. 

"The first from the Fork of Rappahannock to the Fork of 
Potomac containing 1,476,000 acres of Land. 

s Thomas Harrison, whose deposition was taken in 1736, was born 
in 1665 and died in 1746. He lived at Chappawamsic, Stafford 
County, to which his father Burr Harrison had come in the Seven- 
teenth century. For an account of the Harrison family see this 
Magazine XXIII and XXIV. 


"The Second from the head of Hedgeman River to the Fork 
of Potomac containing 2,030,000 acres of Land. 

"The Third from the Hedgeman River to the Head Spring 
of Cohongoronton containing 3,872,000 acres of Land. 

"And the Fourth from the head of Conway River to the 
Head Spring of Cohongoronton including the Great and Little 
Fork of Rapahannock containing 5,282,000 acres of Land. 

The Papers referred to in their Report are 

1st, The Governor's Commission to them which was to Ex- 
amine, Settle and Determine 

2nd, Lord Fairfax's to them which is only to Survey and 

3d, Lord Fairfax's Commission to Mess" Carter, Beverly 
and Fairfax, which was to Survey and Report only. 

4th, Deposition taken upon oath of John Taliaferro 4 , Fran- 
cis Thornton and William Russell, who severally declare there 
were no Inhabitants on either side of the river so high as the 
Falls even so late as the year 1707. 

5th, A General Map of the Delineation of the Courses of 
the Rivers from the Parts where they began their survey up 
to their respective Spring Heads. 

6th, A Copy of a Grant from the Lord Culpeper to Mr. 
Brent and others in 1686 of Land to be laid out six miles dis- 
tant at least from the Main Rivers of Rappahannock and Po- 
towmack which being laid down in their map as taking its 
Distance from the North Stream they quote it to shew that 

4 John Taliaferro, son of Robert Taliaferro, the emigrant, was a 
justice of Essex County, Sheriff, Lieutenant of Rangers against the 
Indians and, in 1699, member of the House of Burgesses. He mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Major Lawrence Smith, of Gloucester 
County, and had ten children. 

Francis Thornton (born Jan. 4, 1682) settled at Snow Creek near 
the present Fredericksburg about 1702. He was a Burgess for 
Spotsylvania in 1723 and 1726, and was ancestor of the Thorntons, 
of "Fall Hill", Spotsylvania, and others. 

In 1724, William Russell, of Drysdale parish, King and Queen 
County, bought 614 acres in Spotsylvania from Loyd and Chew, and, 
as of St. Georges parish, Spotsylvania, sold the same tract in 1725. 
On Dec. 1, 1730, he (William Russell, gent.,) bought the interest of 
George Hume in two land grants of 6,000 and 10,000 acres. In 1755 
he lived in Culpeper County. He was the father of Brig. General 
William Russell, of the Revolution. 


the Original Patentee always understood the North Branch to 
be the main branch. 

7th, Governor Nott's Grant to Henry Beverly, Esqr. of 
1920 acres in Essex County, ten Miles above the Falls of 
Rapahannock in November 1705. 

8th, Two Grants from the Governor to Robert Carter, 
Esqr. for Land in the Fork of Rapahannock twelve Miles and 
more above the Falls in January 1717. 

9th, Two Grants to Philip Ludwell, Esqr. from Lady Cul- 
peper of 5860 acres above the falls in June 1709. 

10th, Henry Willis's Patent for 3,000 acres of land in the 
Little Fork of Rapahannock from Governor Carter in Feb- 
ruary 1726. 

nth, The Deposition of Thomas Harrison, who declares 
upon oath that the falls of Potomac were not known Fifty 
years ago, dated in June 1737. 

1 2th, Letters Patent from King Charles the Second to the 
Earl of St. Albans and others. 

13th, Letters Patent from King James the Second to Lord 

The Commissioners for the Lord Fairfax in their Report 
give, an account "That the Dispute between the Crown and 
the Lord Fairfax being which is the Main River of Rappahan- 
nock the North or the South Branch as appears by the order 
of the Governor and Council of Virginia in 1706 to which 
they refer, as also which is the first Head or Spring of Po- 
towmack, they have Surveyed and Measured up the River 
Potowmack from the Mouth of Sherando and that of Rappa- 
hannock from the falls to their respective Heads or Springs, 
and are of opinion that a Line run from the first Head or 
Spring of the South or Main Branch of Rappahannock to the 
first Head or Spring of the River Potowmack is and ought to 
be the boundary line determining the said Tract or Territory 
of Land commonly called the Northern Neck, They refer 
themselves to the evidences produced by the King's Commis- 
sioners (quoted in the other report) that the two Branches of 
Rappahannock were always called the North and South 


Rivers, not North and South Fork, and that the name of 
Rapidan was given to this latter by Col. Spotswood when 
Governor, as also to a Declaration of one Mr. John Tallia- 
ferro that the Heads or Springs of the said two Branches 
were known in 1682, and to their own Surveyor's Report in 
proof that the South Branch was the Widest. They say their 
own Surveyor made a mistake in going up Conway instead 
of Thornton river, which they have caused to be dotted in 
token of the Lord Fairfax's claiming it. 

The papers referred to in the above Report are — 

1st, The Order of the Governor and Council of Virginia in 
1706 directing a survey to be made of the two branches of 
Rappahannock to see which is the Main Branch. This order 
is referred to by the Lord Fairfax's Commissioners to obviate 
the objections made of the Forks never having been claimed 
by the Proprietors or their agents. 

2nd, The evidences produced by the King's Commiss 1 " 3 of 
which We have already given your Lordships an account. 

3rd, A Declaration of John Taliaferro. This Declaration 
is annexed to the above mentioned order of 1706 and is only 
a copy and not upon oath. It contains that about Twenty-four 
years ago he in company with Colonel Cadwallader Jones 
had been at the Heads or Springs of the said two branches 
and that in his judgment arid that of the company with him 
the South Branch was th,e biggest and headed in the Moun- 

4th, The Surveyor's Report, which ascertains that the South 
Stream was twenty-one Miles longer than the other. 


COURT, 1622-1629 

From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


A Court at James Citty. the 15 th of Octob: 1627 being present 
S r George Yeardley Kn* Gouerno 1 " &c. 
And all y 8 Councell. 
Ensigne George Thomson 1 sworne & examined say th that in 
May 1626, being in a boate w th M r Mayhew & Capt Nicolas 
Martiau at Kecoughtan comeing from aboard a shipp, they 
fell in tslke about y^ two Kings of England & ffrance, & M r 
Mayhew sayd that the King of England was King of ffrance 
& that the King in ffrance was but the ffrence [French] King 
& then Capt Martiau seemed to be very angry & sayd that if 
the English-King were King of England, then y* ffrench-King 
was King of ffrance: and then y e said Capt Martiau putting 
his hand to his brest said, though I am here yet this sparke 
is in ffrance & will not here the King wronged, wherevppon 
they y* said M r Mayhew & y e said Capt Martiau grew into 
such anger as this deponent did thinke they would haue fallen 
out: And this is all y* this deponent can say 

1 George Thomson, or Thompson, was one of four brothers, who, 
at various times, lived in Virginia; Maurice, George, William and 
Paul. It is probable that a fifth brother, Robert Thompson, was 
also in the colony. George Thompson, who was born in 1603, re- 
turned to England and became a Colonel in the Parliamentary Army 
during the Civil Wars. See this Magazine I, 188-192. 

Captain Nicholas Martiau, or Martian, afterwards of York County, 
was a Huguenot and had seen the persecution of his co-religionists 
by the French Government, but evidently his love for France was 
still strong. He was afterwards a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, a leader in the movement to depose Governor Harvey in 
1635 and was an ancestor of Washington. 


At this Court the sayd Capt Martiau tooke the oath of Su- 
premacy vppon y 6 holy Euangelists. 

At this Court there was a controuersie brought in betweene 
Capt William Peirce & Capt Robt Gire. 

And the Question propounded to y e Court was as followeth 
viz. Whither by a paire of Indentures bearing date the 25 th 
day of July last past made betweene Capt Peirce 2 & Capt Gire, 
the said Capt Peirce bee bound to deliuer vpp vnto y e said 
Capt Gire an Inuentorie of his y* Capt Peirce his whole estate 
& to take his oath vppon y* 5 holy Euangelists that y e said 
Inuentorie is peremptorily a full entire & perfect Inuentorie 
of all his whole Estate & goods whatsoeuer, w th out any men- 
tion that it is full & perfect as far as his knowledge and con- 
science. And y e maio r part of y* Councell viz Capt West, 
M r Doct^ Pott, Capt Mathewes, Capt Tucker, & M r ffarrar, 
were of opinion that Capt Peirce should as aboue said peremp- 
torily deliuer y« said Inuentory vppon his oath, And on y^ other 
side the Gouerno 1 ", Capt Smyth, M r Persey, & M r Secretary 
did iudge it sufficient if Capt Peirce deliuer the said Inuentory 
vppon his oath to be true & perfect to y** vtmost of his know- 
ledge : And y e said Capt Peirce offered to doe y* 5 same, & then 
his wife & seruants should likewise take their oath. 

After y e abouesaid iudgm* & opinion of y* Court deliuered 
the said Capt Peirce & Capt Gire did agree in y* presence of y e 
Court as followeth, Viz, That Capt Mathewes in y e behalfe of 
Capt Gire & M* Persey in y e behalfe of Capt William Peirce 
shall arbitrate & conclude the controuersy now in question be- 
tweene them, & Capt William Tucker to be Vmpire in the 
same : And y e said Capt Peirce & Capt Gire doe bind them- 
selues in this Court to stand to y e arbitrament that shall be 
made by y 6 said Arbitrators & Vmpire, in the full sume of six 
thowsande pounds of lawfull mony of England to be paid by 
him w ch shall refuse to stand to y e arbitram 1 vnto y* other of 

2 Captain William Peirce and Joane his wife were living at James- 
town 1623-4. He was member of the Council 1631-44 and had at 
least one child, Jane, who was the third wife of John Rolfe. 


John Vpton sworne & examined sayth that about this time 
tweluemonthe M r Menefy receiueing certaine siluer spoones 
from Caleb Page this deponents partner left fowre ounces of 
siluer & 5 s 6 d in y e hands of y* said Caleb Page, And y e said M r 
Menefy did often require the said Page to worke it out, but 
this deponent sayth y l by reason of his sicknes hee did not, & 
sayth farther y* M r Menefy is yet vnsatisfyed for it. And 
this deponent further sayth that in y** time of their Partner- 
shipp they receiued goods of Menefey betweene them of the 
w ch the said Page is to pay y e one halfe w ch is 13 1 of Tobacco. 

It is ordered that Leften 1 Allington Administrato r to -f said 
Caleb Page shall pay to y* said M r Menefy the said fowre 
ounces of siluer & 5" — 6 d of mony, & the said 13 1 of Tobacco. 

The 14 th day of Nouember 1627: being the day after y e 
buriall of S r George Yeardley Kn* late Gouerno r , the rest of 
the Councell met viz. 

Capt flrancis West, 
Docto r Pott, 
Capt Smyth, 
Capt Mathewes, 
M r Persey, 
M r Claybourne, 
Capt Tucker, 
M r ffarrar. 

At this time by y e opinions & voices of y e Councell Capt: 
flrancis West 3 , according to the Com'ission of his Most ex- 
cellent Mai tie directed vnto vs for y e same purpose was elected 
& chosen to be the present Gouernor & Captaine Gennerall of 
this his Ma ties Colony & Plantation of Virginia in as full & 
ample manner as by y e said Com'ission and their election may 
be deriued vppon him. 

3 Francis West, brother of Lord Delaware, who was also Governor 
of Virginia, was Governor of the Colony Nov. 14, 1627 — March 5, 
1628. John West, a third brother was also Governor. Capt. Fran- 
cis West returned to England, where he lived at Winchester and 
died 1634. For his will see this Magazine XI, 359-360. 


[Written in a different hand in the lower left hand corner 
of this page is the following:] Begin in this Page to finish this 

A Court at James Citty the 16 th of Nouember 1627 [Present] 

Capt: ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno r &c. 
Docto r Pott 
Capt Smyth 
Capt Mathewes 
M r Persey 
M r Secretary 
Capt Tucker 

M r ffarrar 

At this Court the Lady Temperance Yeardley 4 came & did 
fully & absolutely confirme as much as in her lay the sale & 
conueyance made by her late husband S r George Yeardley Kn', 
late Gouerno r deceased, vnto M r Abraham Persey Esq r for the 
lands of f flower [Dew] Hundred being one thousand acres, & 
of Weiano[ke] on y* opposite side of y e water being 2200 
hun[dred] acres, And y e said Lady Temperance Yeardley did 
then altogether absolutely disclaime . . . vnto y e said Abra- 
ham Persey all the [right] interest & claime in all & euery 
. . . of y e said lands to herselfe any ... & appertaineing 
either by way Dow[er or] Thirds. 

A Court at James Citty the 19 th of Nouemb. 1627. present 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c 
Docto r Pott. 
Capt Smyth. 
M r Secretary. 

John Southerne gent sworne & examined sayth that the 
eightenth day of October last past one Beniamin Browne of 

* Temperence, wife of Sir George Yeardley, Governor of Virginia, 
was daughter of Anthony Flowerdew, Esq., of Hethersett, Norfolk, 
England. She married, secondly, Capt. Francis West, and died soon 
afterwards. See this Magazine XXV, 207-210, and Tyler's Quarterly 
Historical and Genealogical Magazine, II, 115-129. 


Lyme in y* County of Dorset Marriner being sickly of Body 
yet in perfect sense & memory, & telling this deponent that he 
wanted meanes to releiue him self, did make a bargaine & 
Couenant w th Valentine Oldis, Marchant, in manner & forme 
following, viz that for & in consideration of y e sum'e of twenty 
pounds of lawfull mony of England to be paid by y e said 
Valentine Oldis vnto him w th in fowretene dayes next after y* 
Arriual of y e good shipp called y e . . . at y e Port of London, 
whereof his Captaine Arthur Guy [ ?] for y e voiadge, he did 
bargine & sell & make over vnto y e said Mr. Oldis all & sin- 
guler such profitts gaines & benefitt whatsoeuer as shall any 
wayes belonge vnto him y e said Browne for his part & share, 
for his seruice in y e said voiadge : And did further couenant & 
agree that if it should please god to take him the said Browne 
out of this life before [the ar]rivall of y e said shipp at y e Port 
of London, . . . was y l the said Valentine Oldis in ... & 
frendshipp he had receaued at [his hands shou]ld alsoe receaue 
the said 20 pounds . . . 

[The next three paragraphs are either out of place, or some 
portion of the original is missing.] 

Vnto Mrs Pott, (being speaking of a bote) and [if] it 
please God, as soone as I am well I will goe to worke for you : 
And Mistress Pott sayd againe I will helpe you to what tim- 
ber I can & you shall haue your diet here. And this deponent 
further sayth that hee heard Mrs. Pott say that it should be 
such a boate as Mr. Sharpies his boate was. 

It is ordered that the aboue sayd Will'm Bennet shall build 
& make such a boate, as Edward Sharpies his boate is for 
Docto r Pott, & to go aboute the building thereof very speedily, 
And to be prouided of all timber & such other things as are 
necessary therevnto. 

Richard Cocke, Purser of the shipp the Thomas & John 
sayth that in the beginning of their voiadge their shipp riding 
in Catt Water, there did fowre of Mr Sharpies his men runne 
away, then this deponent goeing on shoare told Mr Moore of 
it, & sayd if you will not supply & prouide fowre men againe, 
I will : then Mr. Moore sayd that he would doe, and after- 


wards Mr. Moore shipped fiue meri aboard, And did neuer 
speak vnto this deponent, whither they should be vppon his 
owne, or on Mr. Sharpies his Acco. 

Capt John Hudlestone Sworne & examined sayth that he 
knew noe other, but that those fiue men were shipped vppon 
M r Sharpies his Account & not vppon M r Moores, And that 
he would not haue receaued them into y e shipp for any other. 

John Woolrich gent sworne & examined sayth that M r 
Moore told him that he was but to shipp ten men aboard the 

At this Court Will'm Perry gent deliuered in vppon his oath 
the Inuentory of ffrancis Weekes his estate. 

James Citty the 14 th January 1627, being present, 

Capt francis West Esq r Gouerno 1- &c. 
Docto r Pott. 
Capt Smyth. 
M r Secretary. 

Thomas Sawyer 5 arrested at y e suite of Edward Sharpies 
Marchant for 210 1 of Tobacco w th allowance of io'^o [100?] 11. 
And further at y e suite of M r Gill for 479 1. Tobacco. 

Jonas Reily & Andrew Reily arrested at M r Gills suite for 
330 1. Tobacco. 

Robert Wright arrested at y e suite of Robert Marshall for 
1200 1. Tobacco. 

Robert Marshall arrested at y e suite of Gabriell Holland for 
900 1. Tobacco. 

Thomas Sawyer, aged 23, was in 1624-5, a servant of Peter 
Langman, at James City. Jonas Rayley lived at Shirley Hundred, 
Feb. 16, 1623. Robert Wright, aged 45, who came in the Swan, 
1608, Joane Wright, and two children born in Virginia, were in 
Anthony Bonall's "Muster" at Elizabeth City, 1624-5: Robert Mar- 
shall and his wife, Ann, both of whom came in the George, lived on 
James City Island, 1624-5. Edward Wigg, aged 22, who came in the 
Abigail, 1621, lived at Basse's Choice, 1624-5. George Unwin lived 
at Hog Island, 1623. Steven Barker lived at Martin's Hundred in 
1624-5. George Fryer, who came in the William & Thomas, and 
Ursula his wife, who came in the London Merchant, lived at Pash- 
behayes on the Main, near Jamestown 1624. 


Edward Wigg arrested at y e suite of Edward Sharpies for 
too 1. of Tobacco. 

George Vnwin arrested at y e suite of Edward Wigg for 
230 1. Tobacco. 

Steven Barker & Wassell Webling arrested at y* suite of 
Edward Sharpies for 440 1. Tobacco. 

George ffryor arrested at y e suite of George Saunders for 
120 1. Tobacco, to appeare on Monday next, & M r Docto 1 " his 

Will m Baker arrested at y e suite of y* Lady Yeardley for 
300 1. Tobacco. 

WiH' m Harman 6 , John Vpton, Robert ffitt & Amy Hall had 
their bonds of their good behauior canceled. 

At this Court M r Thomas Harwood 7 shewed that hee was 
much scanted for want of ground to plant at y e Necke of land, 
And the Ouerseers & Guardians refused to let him any more, 
Where vppon the Court gaue leaue vnto him to remoue from 
thence & to plant elsewhere. 

It is ordered that Capt ffellgate 8 shall forfeit forty waight 
of Tobacco for that he did not this day appeare at y e Court, 
being warned by y e Prouost Marshall. 

A Court at James Citty the 21 th of January 1627. p r sent 

Capt ffrancis West Esq r Gouerno 1 " &c. 

Capt Smyth 

M r Secretary. 

« Capt. John Upton, afterwards a prominent man in Isle of Wight 
County. Robert Fitt, who came in the George, and his wife Ann, 
who came in the Abigail, lived on James City Island, 1624-5. 

7 At the census of 1624-5, Thomas Harwood, who came in the 
Margaret & John, 1622, his wife, Grace, Who came in the George, 
and one man-servant, were living at Mulberry Island. This was 
probably Capt. Thomas Harwood afterwards a large landholder in 
Warwick County and member of the Council. The Thomas Har- 
wood ,of Neck of Land, near Jamestown, seems to have been a dif- 
ferent man. See this Magazine II, 183-185. 

s Probably Capt. Robert Felgate, afterwards of York County. See 
this Magazine II, 181-182. 


Richard Alford 9 Com'itted prisoner at y* suite of M r Gill 
for 500 1. [weight of] Tobacco. 

Whereas it is credibly reported that Capt John Wilcoxes 10 
is lately passed away in goeing ouer the Bay & his estate left 
vnsetled by that means & being diuersly ingaged vnto Edward 
Waters gent & others, the Court hath herevppon ordered that 
a Com'ission of Administration shalbe graunted vnto y e said 
Edward Waters vppon y e said Capt Wilcoxes his estate. 

Obediens Robins 11 , of Accawmacke, Chirurgion, sworne & 
examined sayth that about October last past he heard Capt 
Wilcoxes agree w th Walter Scot that he y e said Walter should 
haue 3 shares in y e Croppe, And this deponent further sayth 
that at y e same time Capt Wilcoxes profered the said Walter 
Scot 600 1. of Tobacco for his ouerseeing of y e men in y e Croppe 
besides y e shares, but y e said Walter refused the same. 

At this Court Richard Richards 12 & Rich: Dolphenby came 
& did freely & fully surrender & giue vpp all their right tittle 
& interest in one hundred acres of land belonging & graunted 
by Patent vnto ffrancis Chapman, planter & scituate nere vnto 
Paces-Paines, vnto Izabella the wife of Will'm Perry of the 
same place gent & to hir heires & assignes for euer 

John Cooke 13 Com'itted to p r rison at y e suite of Lewis Baily, 
for [space left here in the original] 

» Richard Alford, aged 26, was in Capt. Roger Smith's Muster, 
"Over the Water", in 1624-5. 

10 Capt. John Wilcox, of Accomac, Va., was formerly of Plymouth, 
England. His will has been printed in Waters' Gleanings and in 
this Magazine II, 77-78. 

« Obedience Robins was born at Brackley, Northamptonshire, 
England, April 16, 1600, and was the son of Thomas and Mary 
(Bulkley) Robins, of that place. He settled in Northampton 
County, was a Burgess at the sessions of March 1629-30, Jan. 1639, 
April 1642, Oct. 1644, April 1652, and November 1652, was appointed 
to the Council 1655, and died in 1662. A genealogy of his de- 
scendants was published in the Richmond Standard, Sept. 4, 1880 &c. 

!2 On Sept. 20, 1628, Mrs. Isabella Perry obtained a new grant for 
the land here conveyed. For a note on her husband, William Perry, 
see this Magazine I, 451-452. 

" John Cooke, aged 27, was in 1624-5, a servant of Mr. John 
Burrows, of James City. 


Will'm Mills 14 aged 21 yeares or thereabouts borne at Pur- 
ton in Wiltshire examined sayth that at dieurs times before 
Christmas last past he this examinate stolne from his Master 
Edward Grindon at dieurs times some Tobacco out of one his 
tobacco houses & from y e piles of Tobacco as much as him- 
selfe could carry away vnder his arme, & further hee sayth 
that about S* Johns or S 1 Steuens day a little before Sun 
rising he this examinate pulled downe three boards being on 
the side of one of y e Tobacco houses & nailed at one end, & 
haueing slipped them downe went in & stole a way his capp 
full of currants, & carried them vnto John Tios his house, & 
gaue them vnto him, his wife being by: And this examinate 
further sayth that on Newe Yeeres day in y e morning this 
examinate as before went into y e store againe & stole from 
thence more currants & brought them away in his cloath w ch 
the sayd John Tios & Jane his wife & Thomas Hall (who all 
were priuy to y e stealing of the currants) gaue vnto him this 
examinate to bringe them in, And this examinate at the same 
time alsoe stole 6 p r e of shoes & one shirte: And this exam- 
inate further syath on Sunday in the Morning being y e 14 th 
day of this present Month, he this examinate went into the 
store againe and tooke from thence some Currants in a bagg w ch 
Thomas Hall gaue him some suger in a shirte sleaue w ch the 
said Jane y e wife John Tios had giuen him. And this exam- 
inate further sayth that John Tios did bid him this examinate 
take heed that he was not seene & specially take heed that one 
Rich: Littlefere should not see him for he was a very Knaue 

14 Edward Grindon, who lived opposite Jamestown, on the south 
side of the river, was a Burgess in 1623-24. John Tios, or Tyos, 
lived on the Treasurer's Plantation, as did Thomas Hall. Both 
had come in the Bona Nova, 1620. It would seem, from the pur- 
chase of the stolen currants [raisins] and sugar, that Tios and his 
wife were collecting materials for a Christmas plum pudding. 

(To be continued) 




Prince George County. 

[Prince George at this time included, in addition to the 
present county, the territory now comprised in the counties 
of Dinwiddie, Amelia, Prince Edward and Nottoway. It is 
singular that this roll does not appear to include Brandon. 
The 4600 acres, belonging to "the merchants in London", 
could not have included all of Coggins Point and Martins 
Brandon. Nathaniel Harrison bought them from the English 
owners and when he made his will in 1726, it was stated that 
the former contained 1973 acres and the latter about 7000.] 

A Rent Roll of all the Lands held in the County of Prince 
George for the year 1704: 


Tho. Anderson 450 

W m Aldridge 160 

Mr. Charles Anderson 505 

Rich d Adkinson 200 

Tho. Adams 250 

Matt. Anderson 349 

Henry Ally 390 

Wm. Anderson 235 

Jno. Anderson 228 

Henry Anderson 250 

Robt. Abnernathy 100 

Jno. Avery 100 




Rich d Bland iooo 

Rob 1 Burchett 375 

Arthur Biggins 200 

James Benford 461 

Jno. Barloe 050 

Charles Bartholomew 600 

Philip Burlowe 350 

Nich° Brewer 100 

Jno. Bishop Sen r 100 

Jn° Bishop Jun r 100 

Isaac Baites [Bates] * 360 

Tho Busby Capt. 300 

Tho Busby 200 

W m Batt 750 

Coll Byrd Esq r 100 

Edw d Birchett 886 

Col. [Robert] Boiling 3402 

Edm d Browder 100 

Matus Brittler 510 

Jn° Butler 1385 

Andrew Beck 300 

Henry Batt 790 

W m Butler 283 

Tho Blitchodin 284 



Tho Curiton 150 

Hen. Chammins 300 

Capt. Clements 1920 

W m Claunton 100 

Rob 1 Catte 100 

Bartho Crowder 75 

Tho Clay 70 

Jno Coleman 200 

Geo. Crook 489 


Francis Coleman 


Jno Clay 


W m Coleman Jun r 


Geo. Crooker 


James Cocke 


Rob 4 Carlill 


Jno Clerk 


Rich d Claunton 


Stephen Cock for Jones' 





Tho Daniell 150 

Roger Drayton 270 

Joseph Daniell 50 

Jo n Doby 500 

Geo Dowing 100 

W m Davis 100 

Jno Duglas 300 

Rich d Durding 500 

Christ Davis 50 

Tho Dunkin 136 


Rob 1 Ellis 50 

Jno Epes Sen r 530 

W m Epes Sen 1 " 750 

Jno Epes 300 

W m Epes 633^ 

Edw d Epes 500 

Littlebury Epes 833^ 

Benj a Evans 700 

Tho Edw ds 250 

Dan Epes 200 

Jno. Evans 800 

Jn° Ellis Jun r 400 


Jn° Ellis Sen r 400 

Mary Evans 400 

Peter Evans 270 

Capt. Fra Epes 226 


Jn° Freeman 300 

W m Frost 50 

Jn° Fountaine 350 

Rob 1 Fellows 418 

Eliz b Flood 100 

Benj Foster 923 

Jn° ffield 100 


Jno Green 125 

Rich d Gord 100 

David Goodgame 479 

James Greithian 363 

Mag r Goodrick 900 

Tho Goodwin 150 

Hubert Gibeon 250 

Rich d Griffith 335 

James Griffin 100 

Charles Gee 484 

Charles Gillam 200 

Hugh Goelightly 500 

Lewis Green 149 

W m Grigg 200 

John Gillam 1000 

John Goelightly 100 


Coll. [Edward] Hill 1000 

Dan" Hickdon 280 


Rob* Harthorn 243 

Jn° Hamlin 1484^ 

Coll Harrison Esq 1 150 

Ralph Hill 175 

W m Harrison 1930 

W m Heath 320 

Edw d Holloway 100 

Rob 1 Hobbs 100 

Jn° Hobbs Sen r 250 

Edw d Holloway Sen 1- 620 

Jn° Hobbs 100 

James Harrison 200 

Gilbert Haye 200 

Rich d Hudson 75 

Gabriell Harrison 150 

Rob 1 Hix 1000 

Joseph Holycross 84 

Charles Howell 125 

Sam Harwell 125 

Isaac Hall 450 

Jn° Howell 183 

Tho Howell 25 

Mrs. Herbert 3925 

Jn° Hixs 216 

Rich d Hamlin 240 

Tho Harrison 1077 

Eliz b Hamlin 250 

W m Hulme 100 

Jeffry Hawkes 125 

Adam Heath 300 

Jno Hill 160 

Jno Hardiman 872 

Instance Hall 614 




W m Jones Jun r 
W m Jones Sen r 
Henry Jones 
Robert Jones 
Edm d Irby 
Nich. Jarrett 
James Jackson 
Adam Ivie 
Tho Jackson 
James Jones Sen r 
Henry Ivye 
Peter Jones 
Rich d Jones 
Ralph Jackson 
Joshua Irby 
John Jones 

Rich* Kirkland 
John King 
Henry King 
Arthur Kavanah 
Eusobius King 




1 100 








John Livesley 300 

Sam" Lewey 100 

Jno Lumbrey 400 

Jn° Leeneir [Lanier] 700 

Mrs. Low 70 
Sam Lewey for Nether' 1 " 5 ' 3 [Netherland's] 

Orph 498 

Tho Lewis Senr. 200 

Hugh Liegh 762 


ffrancis Leadbeatter ioo 

Jn° Leadbeatter 400 

W m Low 1584 


W m Maddox 190 

Rob 1 Munford 339 

James Minge, Sen r 500 

Matt Marks 1500 

Sam 11 Moody 328 

Francis Mallory 200 

Dan 11 Mallone 100 

Jn° Mayes 365 

Rich d More 472 

Henry Mitchell, Sen 1 " 100 

Jn° Mitchell 170 

W m Mayes 763 

Edw d Murrell 100 

Tho Mitchell Jun r 100 

Peter Mitchell 305 

Henry Mitchell Jun r 200 

ffrancis Maberry 347 

James Matthews 100 

Jn° Martin 200 


Rich d Newman 120 

Walter Nunnaley 299 

Nich Overburry 809 

Jn° Owen 25 




Geo. Pasmore 
Francis Poythres Sen r 
Joseph Pattison 
Geo. Pace 
Nathan" Phillips 
Jn° Price 
W m Peoples 
Eliz b Peoples 
Joseph Perry 
Rich d Pigeon 
b8 /Thomas Potts 
Joseph Pritchett 
Jn° Patterson 
Geo. Pace 
Ephram Pakham 
Tho Poythres 
David Peoples 
Grace Perry 
Jn° Poythres Jun r 
Jn° Petterson 
M r Micajah Perry 




Jn° Roberts 

Nath. Robinson 

Roger Reace Jun r 

Henry Read 

Roger Reace Sen 1- 

W m Reanes 

Frances Raye 

Jn° Reeks 

W m Rachell 

Timothy Reading Sen r 

Jn° Riners 






Edw d Richardson 300 

Coll. [William] Randolph 226 



Matthew Smart 


W m Standback 


Tho Symmons 


James Salmon 


W m Savage 


W m Sandborne 

Jn° Scott 


Martin Shieffield 


James Smith 


John Stroud 


Rich d Scoking 


W m Sexton 


James Seveaker 


Chichester Sturdivant 


Daniell Sturdivant 


Rich d Smith 


Jn° Spaine 


Matthew Sturdivant 


Capt. Stith 




Maj r Henry Tooker for ye 

Merch ts in London 4600 

Geo. Tilliman 446 

Jn° Tilliman 530 

W m Tomlinson 400 

Adam Tapley 377 

Capt. John Taylor 1700 

Mich. Taburd 150 

Maj r Tooker 181 

Rob 1 Tooker 400 



Rob 1 Tester 

Joseph Tooker 

W m Temple 

Jn° Thornhill 

Jn° Taylor 

Nath: Tatham jun r [Tatum] 

Sam 11 Tatham Sen r 

Sam 11 Tatham jun r 

Henry Talley 

Rich d Turberfield 

Francis Tucker 

Nath 1 Tatham Senr. 

Jn° Thrower 

James Taylor 

Tho Thrower 

Sanders Tapley 

Tho Tapley 

James Thweat Sen 1 " 

James Thweat Jun r 

Eliz b Tucker 

Tho Taylor 

Edw d Thrower 








Jn° Vaughan 
Sam 11 Vaughan 
Nath Urvein 
Dan 11 Vaughan 
James Vaughan 
Rich d Vaughan 
W m Vaughan 
Tho: Vinson 
Nich° Vaughan 






Jn° Woodlife Sen 1 " 644 

W m Wallis 200 

Jn° Witchett 250 

Capt. Jos. Wynn 860 

Jn° Woodlife Jun r 750 

Jn° Winningham Jun 200 

Rich d Wallpooll 625 

Jn° Womack 550 

Capt. Tho Wynn 400 

Jn° Wall 233 

Tho Winingham 100 

Eliz b Woodlife 844 

Rich d Worthern 1600 

Rich d Winkles 450 

Capt. Nich° Wyatt 700 

Antho. Wyatt 250 

Valentine Williamson 250 

Hurldy Wick 600 

W m Wilkins 900 

Francis Wilkins 150 

Robt. Winkfield [Wingfield] 107 

Jarvis Winkfield 100 

Henry Wall 275 

Jn° Wilkins 150 

James Williams 1436 

Geo. Williams 210 

Jn° White 150 

Edw d Winingham 100 

Sam 11 Woodward 600 


Dorrell Young 383 

John Young 200 














































Orphans Lands which is refused 
paying Quit Rents for viz 1 

Mr. Jn° Banister orphans p \ Acres 
Steph : Cock j 1970 

Capt. Henry Bates [Batte's] 1 

orph p their Mother Mrs. I 1200 
Mary Bates 

Capt. Hen: Randolph orph 8 } 
p Capt. Giles Webb 

Morris ffalliham orph 8 p 
Robt. Rivers 

Crockson Land formerly who it 
belongs to now I cannot find 





Totall 127218*^ 

Deduct the new 
discovered Land 10000 

accounted for 

117218^2 acres at 24 18 tob° p 100 is 28132'' 
tobacco at 5" p C 1 is 

£70 6 6 
Sallary 10 p O 2813 7 o io*4 

p W m Epes Sherriff 

63 5 7K 



Contributed by Reginald M. Glencross, 176 Worple Road, 
Wimbledon, London, S. D. 19, England. 


John Lanier 

Will dat. 27 Jan 1649 Mv wife Ellinor Lanier to be ex'trix 
in whatsoever is due to me either in the Exchequer or the 
Great Wardrobe or the Treasury Chamber. She to have dis- 
posing of my children. Witnesses : Edw. Maylard, John Rob- 
erts. Prob. 28 Aug. 1650 by Eleanor L. relict a extrix. 

Pembroke, 135. 

Elinor Laniere relict or widow of John L., of London, 
late dec. 

Will dat. 23 Apr 1652. To be bur'd in St Giles' churchyard 
where my late husband was. To my son John L. ring etc., his 
father's picture & all his books. To my dau'r. Frances, silver 
porringer etc., moneys at my present chambers. To my dau'r. 
Elizabeth, Spanish silver dish etc. Whereas there is due to 
me from Mr. Thomas Harris for so much goods of mine as 
he hath now in his hands, £70, same to my dau'r. Frances for 
maintenance of my younger dau'r. Elizabeth. To my mother 
my deathshead ring. Whereas there is an estate fallen to me 
by death of my kinsman Mr. John Woodburne, which is yet 
in dispute, what is due to go between my three children John, 
Frances & Elizabeth, And whereas my late husband Jo. L, 
left me his executrix & bequeathed me his whole estate & 
several sums still due, same to sd. three children equally, John 
& Elizabeth being under 18 & unmarried. My son in law 


Thomas Hubbard to be ex'or & Mr. Ambrose Jennings, of 
London, merchant, to be overseer. Witnesses : Will. Lulling- 
den, Richard Seaman Prob. 22 July 1652 by Thomas Hub- 
bard, the ex'or. Bowyer, 150. 

[In this Magazine XXV, 407 &c, XXVI, 321 &c, a kinship was 
traced between Thomas Jefferson and John Lilburne, the ardent 
defender of popular rights in England in the Seventeenth century. 
It would be as interesting a study in heredity if the descent of 
Sydney Lanier could be traced from the family of the name who, 
as composers, musicians and artists, were in the service of the 
English court from the time of Henry VIII through the reign of 
Charles II. 

The emigrant ancestor of the Virginia family (Sydney Lanier's 
ancestor) was John Lanier, who lived in what is now Prince 
George County in 1676. He died in 1717 leaving four sons, Nicho- 
las, Sampson, John and Robert. It will be seen that Nicholas was 
a favorite name among the English Laniers. There is a short 
account of the Virginia family in the William & Mary Quarterly 
XV, 77-79. 

The Laniers in England are stated in the Dictionary of National 
Biography, to have been of French origin. John Lanier, who died 
in 1572 is referred to, in 1577, as having been a musician and a 
native of Rouen, France. He owned property in Crutched Friars, 
parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, London. He was probably father 
of "John Lanyer, musician to her Matte". This John Lanyer or 
Lanier, married, Oct. 12, 1585, at the Church of the Holy Minories, 
London, Frances, daughter of Marc Anthony Galliardo, who had 
served as musician to Henry VIII and his thre^ successors. 

The most distinguished of the family, Nicholas, son of John 
Lanier just referred to, was baptized at the Holy Minories, London, 
Sept. 10, 1588. He became a musician in the royal household and 
in 1604 was "musician of the flutes". He held, subsequently, a high 
position among the royal musicians, both as a composer and per- 
former. Among other music he composed that for Ben Jonson's 
masques; "Lovers Made Men" (1617), and "The Vision of De- 
lights", as well as painting the scenery for the latter. At the acces- 
sion of James I he was made Master of the Music, with a pension 
of £200 a year. He was also a painter and skilled amateur of 
works of art. In 1625 he was sent abroad by Charles I, to purchase 
pictures and statues, and is considered to have been the first, with 
the exception of Thomas, Earl of Arundel, to appreciate the worth 
of drawings and sketches by the great masters. With the outbreak 
of the Civil "War the fortunes of the family declined, and Nicholas 
Lanier followed the Stuarts into exile. At the Restoration he was 
restored to his office and died Feb. 1665-6. 

Another Nicholas Lanier, probably uncle to the preceding, was 
musician to Queen Elizabeth in 1581 &c. He owned considerable 
property in East Greenwich, Blackheath and the neighborhood. He 
had four daughters and six sons, John (died 1650), Alphonso (d. 
1613), Innocent (d. 1615), Jerome (d. 1657), Clement (d. 1661) and 
Andrea (d. 1659). All of these were musicians in the service of 
the crown and some of their children succeeded to their posts. 


The will of Nicholas Lanyer, gent, gave his lands &c. to his wife 
Lucrece, and 12 d. apiece to his sons named. Mrs. Lucretia Lanier 
was buried at Greenwich, May 31, 1634. 

Another Nicholas Lanier, probably a cousin of the musician and 
painter, was born in 1568 and published two volumes of etchings. 
He was probably the person of the name buried at St. Martins-in- 
the-Fields, Nov. 4, 1646. 

It is possible that the John Lanier, named in the wills above, 
was the emigrant to Virginia.] 

Debora Fleete, of Westminster, widow. 
Will dat. 27 Mar. 165 1. All goods to my cousins Sir Robert 
Filmer & Sir Edward Filmer, both of East Sutton, Kent, 
knights, & they to be ex'ors, towards payment of such sums 
as sd. Sir R. Filmer lent me & my son Henry Fleete towards 
the recovering of my sd. son of a great sickness & for furnish- 
ing him with provisions & necessaries for his last voyage to 
Virginia. Witnesses : Henry Frenoham, Thomas Davy. Prob. 
23 Jan. i65i[-2] by Sir Robert Filmer, knight, one of the 
ex'ors. Power reserved for Sir Edward Filmer, knight etc 
other ex'or. Bowyer, 5. 

Dorothie Scott of London, spinster. 
Will dat. 5 Mar. 1632 (-3) 8 Car. I. To my brother Thomas 
S. esq. a silver spoon. To my friend Mrs Elizabeth Grovenor, 
widow, with whom I now sojourn, £5. To her dau'r. Elizabeth 
G. £3. Rest of goods to my sister Deborah Fleete (and she 
to be) ex'trix. My friend Sir Robert Phillmer, knight, to be 
overseer. Witnes: Thomas Dutton, Scrivener. 
Prob. 29 June 1650 by Deborah Fleete, the ex'trix. 

Pembroke, 100. 

[Debora Fleete and Dorothie Scott were daughters of Charles 
Scott, of Egerton, Kent, (and his wife Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Wyatt, of Allington Castle) and granddaughters of Sir Reginald 
Scott, of Scotts Hall, Kent. Debora married William Fleet, gent., 
of Chartham, Kent, a member of the Virginia Company, and had 
(with several other sons and daughters, some of whom emigrated 
to Maryland) a son Henry, born 1595-1600, died about 1661, who 
emigrated to Virginia and became a very prominent man in that 


colony and in Maryland. For notices of him and his descendants, 
see this Magazine II, 70-76, and V, 253-254. 

The people to whom the Fleets were related form another of 
those groups of Kentish kinsfolk so closely associated with the 
colony of Virginia. Charles Scott, of Egerton, had a sister, Mary, 
who married Richard Argall, of East Sutton, Kent, and was the 
mother of Captain (afterwards Sir) Samuel Argall, Governor of 
Virginia, and of Elizabeth Argall, who married Sir Edward Filmer, 
of East Sutton. Lady Filmer was, in turn, the mother of Henry 
Filmer, who emigrated to Virginia, and of Sir Robert and Sir 
Edward Filmer, named in Debora Fleet's will. Jane Wyatt, wife 
of Charles Scott, was aunt of Sir Francis Wyatt, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, and of Rev. Hawte Wyatt, minister at Jamestown. George 
Wyatt, brother of Jane (Wyatt) Scott married Jane Finch, who was 
aunt of Henry Finch, who emigrated to 'Virginia, and was member 
of the Council, 1630 &c. The paternal grandmother of Henry Fleet, 
the emigrant, Katherine (Honey wood) Fleet, was aunt of Col. 
(afterwards Sir) Philip Honeywood, one of the Royalist officers, 
who took refuge in Virginia in 1649.] 

Sir Euseby Isham. "A note of such debts as I require my 
wife to pay". To my brother Tipping £5. To my cosin Wil- 
liam Downall 42s. To Robert Lade of Cransby £10. To my 
son John Isham my sorrel mare. To Mr. (sic) Barbon so 
much money as she will say I ought to pay her. To Saxby 
the man that dwelled in my grounds £10. 4s. od. To my son 
Euseby Isham "as you can" £66. 13s. 4d. To my sons Wil- 
liam and Thomas I refer them to yourself. To the seivants 
with you a year's wages. To Richard Berry 60s. To Steynes 
for a horse £4. 10s. od. To my man Barber if he go away 40s. 
To poor of Picheley £5. Small debts which I cannot call to 
mind I pray you see paid. Witnesses : Feargod Barbon, Ha. 
Kinnesman. Memorandum that I Harold Kymesman of Pich- 
eley gent wished by Sir Euseby Isham, knight, on 7th June 
last to write the particulars specified as he spoke it which I 
did in his presence. He desired that his wife should see leg- 
acies paid . . . his sickness being such and he so short taken 
he could not do more neither was he desirous to the articles 
on Feargod Barbon subscribed as a witness, And to this I will 
depose Sir Euseby said he could not live long and his wife 
should have all. Anne should have all. 27 July 1626 emat com' 
to Lady Ann Isham. relict of Sir Euseby Isham, Militis. 1st 


January 1627 em't com' to Thomas Isham fil. nat. et ltrno. 
etc. Hele, 100. 

Dame Anne Isham, late wife of Sir Euseby Isham of 
Pitchley county Northampton, Knight. Will 3 December 
1627; proved 1st January 1627. Body to chancel at Pitch- 
ley. To my son Euseby Isham £150. To my son William 
Isham £200. To Euseby Isham son of said William £100. To 
said son Euseby Isham my Cabbinett. To Susan his wife my 
gilt cups. My border of Goldsmiths work to Mary wife of 
my son William. To my daughter Mary wife of Sir Fleet- 
wood Dormer knight, two geldings. To my daughter Susan 
wife of Thomas Threlfall pearl chain and 20 marks. £100 
which I owe to Euseby Glover my grandchild to be paid to 
him. To Susan Isham my gentlewoman £10. To each of my 
servants 4 marks. To poor of Pitchley £5. Residue of my 
goods to my youngest son Thomas Isham sole executor. I not 
meddling with goods left by my late husband Sir Euseby 
Isham to my eldest son John Isham deceased. Witnesses : Ri : 
Houselepp, Saml Garthwaite. Barrington, 4. 

John Isham of Braunston, county Northampton, Esquier. 
Will 29 September 1624; proved 4 May 1627. Sir Eusebie 
Isham my father and Thomas Isham my brother executors. 
To Thomas Isham said brother lease of the parsonage in 
Braunston and tithes belonging. To Ann Lane my daughter 
£10. To Blaise Adams for his pains £10 and all my wearing 
apparel. To William Eare my servant £20. To Robert 
Tymes £10. To John Allen my servant £6. 13s. 4d. To poor 
of Braunston £10. To poor of Vichley [Pitchley?] £5. Resi- 
due of my goods to my executors. Witnesses: Wm. Southam, 
Thos. Makepease, Richd Cooke, John Clarke, Blaise Adams. 
Codicil 8 December 1626. As the said Sir Eusebie my late 
father is deceased I now appoint my said brother Thomas 
sole executor to whom all benefit of my goods. I have given 
into the hands of Thomas Makepeace, William Southam, Rob- 


ert Foster and Henry Bree four ancient copyholders of my 
Manor of Braunston £20 to be lent from year to year to three 
of the poorest copyholders of my said Manor at 8% said 
profit and increase to be distributed amongst six poor widows 
of the town of Braunston. My executor shall provide one 
treble bell tunable to the four bells already in the Church. To 
my cosen Gregory Isham 4 milk beasts. To my brother in 
law Thomas Threlfall 30 hoggerells, my stone horse and 7 
cows. To Hanna my maid a cow. To Robert Tymes my 
sorrell mare and apparel. To my servant John Allen my grey 
Nagg and apparel. To Isaac Moule 20s. To Zephania 
Southam 2 ewes and my horse Geers. To Martha Burrowes 
one ewe for watching with me. Witnesses : Gregory Isham, 
This Threlfall, John Allen, Robt Tymmes. Skymwr, 52. 

[The wills given above are those of Sir Euseby Isham, of Pytch- 
ley, (b. Feb. 26, 1552, d. June 11, 1626), grandfather of Henry Isham, 
the emigrant to Virginia; of Anne, daughter of John Borlase, of 
Marlowe, Co. Bucks., wife of Sir Euseby, and of their son John, an 
uncle of the emigrant. It will be noted that the famous Praisegod 
Barbon or Barebones, was a witness to Sir Euseby's will. For other 
Isham wills and notes on the family, see this Magazine IV, 123-124 
and XVIII, 85-87.] 

(To be continued) 



(From the originals in the Virginia State Library) 


Col. William Preston to the Field Officers, 
Aug. 24, 1782. 

The act of Assembly for recruiting this States Quota of 
Men just came to hand In consequence of which I have ap- 
pointed all the late Officers Lt Captain or the commanding 
Officers of Companies to meet at the Court House of this 
County on Monday the 15 th day of September that the said 
act may be put immediately into Execution. You are hereby 
required to attend with a fair and just list of your whole 
Company from sixteen years of age to fifty, making a Dis- 
tinction of such as are under eighteen years. 
You are to give your company notice that they are to be laid 
of in Classes or Districts of fifteen men each, that such as 
have any Infirmities of Body and are not exempted may at- 
tend a Court Martial who will meet at that time & for that, 
as well as other purposes. 

You are also to make return of what Beeves & cloaths your 
company hath furnished under a late act of assembly, which 
must by no means be omitted; as has been hitherto the case 
altho often required. You are likewise Required to bring 
with you a list of all the men your Company has furnished for 
the Army either by Draught or Enlistment Since the Spring 
of the Year 1777. If you do not of your own Knowledge 
know the number of men or their names you will take the best 
information you can get in the Company, not omitting such 
as deserted. 


You will please to observe that there is a fine of £20 on 
each Officer who fails to appear as above directed, to be re- 
covered by Information to the Court in a Summary Way But 
I hope a sense of our Duty to the Country will induce every 
Officer to attend with cheerfulness, and give all the Assistance 
we can to carry this necessary act into Execution. 
I am Sir your humble Serv 1 
W m Preston 
Copy of a Letter to the field Officers Aug 4 24 th 1782 


War Office Nov. 8 th 82 


His Excellency the Governor in Council has directed me to 
apply to the Several county Lieutenants & recruiting Officers 
for an immediate Return of what money they have received & 
what men have been recruited. 

I must therefore beg the favor of you to furnish me with this 
return as soon as possible. 

I am, Sir, very respectfully 
Your most obed. Servant 
William Davies 

[Addressed] County Lieutenant — Montgomery 
[Endorsement] Answered & a return made 19 th Dec. 1.782 

Walter Crockett to William Preston. 

Fort Chiswell 1 Nov r 9 th 1782. 

The Officers and Men that were ordered out on the Tour to 

1 Fort Chiswell, between the present Wytheville and New River, 
was built by Col. William Byrd (3rd) and named for Col. John 
Chiswell. The latter was the chief owner of the lead mines nearby, 
which furnished large supplies to Virginia during the Revolution 
and the Confederacy. 


Clinch have all returned Home again, and say that there were 
but ten or twelve that met at the place appointed & many of 
them without Arms, all the others that were ordered never 
moved from Home. The principal reasons that they render 
for their not proceeding is that there was no Salt & that they 
would not go there to live three weeks on fresh Provision. 
I would thank you for your advice in the matter, as I am at a 
loss to know how to proceed therein. 

This Bearer Henry Kiesler will be the only speedy hand 
to bring anything you write on the subject — 
I am Sir your Mo. Obedient 
& very Hble Servant 

Walter Crockett 

P. S. Kiesler will also carry a bushell of Salt if there be 
any for the use of the Men — 
[Address] To Colo. William Preston 
Walter Crockett — Public Service 
[Endorsement] Walter Crockett to Col. Preston 9 Nov. 1782 

Col. William Preston to a Collector, Nov. 12, 1782. 

Montgomery S. C. T. 

Whereas by a Return made this Day by John Charlton, 
Collector of 45 th Division of Militia of this County, it appears 
that several have failed to pay their proportion of a Tax im- 
posed by a late act of assembly for the purpose of recruiting 
this States Quota of Troops to serve in the Continental Army. 
You are hereby authorized and required to collect by Distress 
& Sale of their Property, as in the case of Parish and County 
Leevies the following Sum annexed to each Persons name that 
is to say from Lottin Romaine 1/3, Benjamin Donathan 1/3 
William Lawson 2/6 & John Wylie 1/6; & return the same to 
me on or before the 20 th of November this Instant & this shall 
be your Warrant for so doing. 


Given under my hand this 12 th day of Nov 1- 1782 

W m Preston 
To the Collector to Execute 
& make Return 
[Endorsement] Charltons return of his Collection 

P' d 

George Peary to Col. William Preston, Dec. 17, 1782. 


I have sent by the bearer W m Kavanaugh the District money 
for Aplegate & Langley & as for Arain Dooley, Charles Cid- 
well, John G. Runion & Thomas Stanton They are not in this 
County nor hant bin sence Last Spring & I understand all but 
Runian had thire famleys in Bedford County & was Trying to 
Shift Duty when they were hear So I can do no more & I 
shall humbly thank you for a Clearance for this Part of Duty 

I am Sir your Humble Ser 1 
Geo. Peary 
De c ' er the 17 th 1782 
To Col W m Preston 
[Endorsement] Geo. Pearys' 
ab* Collection 

Col. William Preston to Col. Davies. 

Montgomery Dec r 19 th 1782 

Yours of the 8 th of November came to hand the 
25 th of that month while I was on a Journey to Botetourt 
where I was necessarily detained two weeks, and not finding 
any conveyance from there, nor since I returned till this day 
by M r Granville Smith I therefore could not make the re- 
turn you requested. 


Enclosed you have Lieut. Rhea's 2 receipt for £95 — 18 — 4. 
Since the date thereof I have rec'd which I have by 

me. I cannot say what success Mr. Rhea has had in recruit- 
ing since the 6 th of November last when we parted. Before 
that I know he was very industrious in the business but with- 
out success. — A few days ago I enlisted one man and sent him 
to Mr. Rhea in Washington. I paid him forty Dollars & he 
lodged thirty of them. With me untill he would be on his 
march, down by way of security that he would not desert. 

Several of the Collectors have been deficient in making their 
returns and I have given them Notice that I shall move the 
Court for a Judgment against them; but as will probably be 
no Court before march I dont think it will be in my power 
to close this very troublesome business before then, — In the 
meantime I shall urge them to a settlement all I can. 
I am, with great esteem, Sir your most Ob 1 
& very h bte Serv 1 

W m Preston 
Col Davies 

Col. William Preston to the Governor. 

Montgomery Dec 20 th 1782 

The Court of this County have directed me to lay the en- 
closed recomendation before your Excellency that the several 
Persons mentioned therein may be added to the Commission 
of the Peace for this County. 

If your Excellency will be pleased to order the Commissions 
to be made out the bearer Mr. Granville Smith will forward 

2 This was Matthew Rhea, Lieutenant and Quartermaster. He 
was regimental quartermaster 7th Va. Regiment, June 15, 1777, 
2d Lieutenant, Sept. 9, 1778, transferred to 5th Va., Sept. 14, 1778, 
1st Lt. July 4, 1779, transferred to 7th Va. Feb. 12, 1781, and served 
to the end of the war. 

John Rhea, was ensign 7th Va., Jan. 16, 1777, discharged Nov. 
1777 and died May 27, 1832. Jesse Rhea, Joseph Rhea, Robert Rhea, 
David Rhea, and Philips Rhea also served in the Revolution from 


it to me by a safe conveyance. This will really oblige the 
County as one or two Justices have removed since the recom- 
mendation was made, exclusive of those mentioned therein. 
I am your Excellenceys most obed 1 
h ble Serv 1 
The Governor — W m Preston 

List of the Fines Received for the Bounty of Soldiers. 

List of the Fines rec'd for the Bounty of Soldiers before 
the 20 th of Dec r 1782 with the names of the Collectors & No. 
of each Division. 


1 John Adams 

2 Joseph White 

3 John Miller 

4 James Newell 

5 Saml Ewing Sen r 

6 George Duff 

7 Philip Cannady 

8 Robert Love 

9 James White 

10 John Bustard 

11 Flower Swift 

12 Benjamin Hartgrove 

13 Nathan Ward 

14 John Bedsolt 

15 Jacob Eliott 

16 James M c Donald 14 3 

17 William Harraldson 6 

18 George Reives 

19 Jacob Stamper 

20 Charles Morgan 296 

21 James Wade 

22 Joseph Glover 7 9 

23 Moses Johnson 













ey 2 















24 Daniel Keith J r 




25 Enoch Osburn 



26 Edmund Wood 




27 Robert Buchanan 




28 Robert Davis 




29 William Campbell 




30 Henry Patton 




31 Alex 1 * Mares 




32 Daniel How 




33 Andrew Crockett 




36 John Thompson Sayers 




37 Frederick Edwards 




38 William Hays 




39 George M c Cown 



7V 2 

40 David Doak 

41 Philip Barrier 




42 John Ward 

43 William Love 



44 Spencer Rice 




45 iWilliam Davis 




46 Ezekiel Young 




47 Richard Wynatt 




48 Thomas Peery 




49 Thomas Burk 




50 John Hayes 




51 Edmund Vancill 




52 Israel Lorton 




53 Joseph Polley 




54 Daniel Witcher 



i/ 2 

56 Hercules Ogill 




57 Benjamin Baily 


3/ 2 

58 William Doak 




59 Isaac Petterson 




60 Jeremiah Pate 




61 Isaac Stephens 




62 James Byrns 




63 James Maxwell 




64 Robert Davis 





65 Alex r Neily 

66 William Bobbit 



67 Saml Tinley 




68 Aron Collier 




69 Christian Saidon 




70 Joseph Mares 




71 William Kavenaugh 




72 Samuel Ewing 




73 Adam Wall 



74 James Moore 

75 Charles Carter 

76 George Pearis 




yj Joshua Richardson 




78 Stephen Sanders 
Alex r Neeley 


IO : 

79 William Davidson 

80 John Chapman 




81 William M c farland 





List of sums pd. by Collectors 


Letters to the Governour & Col Davis Dec 19 th 1782 about 
the Collection & a memo Commissions — 

(To be continued) 



(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury and Copies in the McDonald 

and Dejarnette Papers (Virginia State Library), 

from the British Public Record Office. 

Order for Mrs. Bland to Give Security. 

At the Court at White Hall the 26 th of April 1683 

The Kings most Exct Mat y in Council 
Whereas upon the Petition and Appeal of Sarah Bland Wid- 
dow and one of the Executors of John Bland 1 late of London 
Merchant from divers sentences given against her in the 
Courts of Virg a His Ma ty in Council the third day of August 
last was pleased to order the Governor and Council there to 
take care that as well as the said Sarah Bland as the other 
parties in the Peticon mentioned should give good and suffi- 
cient security to make their appearances and to answer the 
determination of this Board a^ by ye said Order more at large 

1 John Bland was the 4th child of John Bland, also an eminent 
London merchant. John Bland, the younger, is mentioned in Pepys 
Diary, under date, June 12, 1680, when he states that Mr. Bland 
was buried in the Chancel of St. Olaves, Hart Street, London. 

John Bland (Jr.) was actively engaged in business in and with 
the Colony of Virginia. He prepared an able remonstrance "in 
behalf of the Inhabitants and Planters in Virginia and Mariland" 
against the Navigation Act, which was printed in our Magazine I, 
141-155. He is stated to have expended £10,000 sterling in Virginia. 
An act in Hening (1752) VI, 303, shows that John Bland owned 
8000 acres in Charles City County, called Kymages. 

Theoderick Bland (ancestor of the Virginia family), brother of 
John Bland, came to Virginia as his agent. The suit against Mrs. 
Sarah Bland was brought by St. Leger Codd and his wife, the widow 
of Theoderick Bland. John Bland was the father of Giles Bland, 
executed in Virginia for taking part in Bacon's Rebellion. 

VIRGINIA IN 1683 35& 

appeareth And the said Appellant having this day further 
Petitioned His Ma ty in Council setting forth that having en- 
deavoured all that within her lyeth to comply with the said 
Order Shee finds that by reason of the prevalency of the other 
parties residing there Shee cannot during her absence without 
great difficulty and delay procure such security as is thereby 
required And praying that Shee may be admitted to give se- 
curity here to answer the determination of this Board in her 
said Appeal ; His Ma ty in Council was pleased to Order and 
It is hereby ordered that the Clerk of the Council in wayting 
do take good and sufficient security of the said Sarah Bland 
that she shall answer such determination in her said Appeal 
as His Ma ty in Council shall think most just And it is further 
Ordered that Shee be excused from giving any further secur- 
ity in Virginia, the said order above mentioned or any other 
order or Instruction to the Governor or Council of Virginia 
touching the method of proceeding in Appeals to the contrary 

Francis Gwyn 

Secretary Spencer to the Committee of Trade and 

May it please your Lo ps 

Since my last to your Lo ps noe matter of moment hath oc- 
curred in this His Ma ties Government therefore should not now 
have presumed to have troubled your Lo ps but in obedience to 
your Lo ps commands in transmitting Copies of Orders of 
Council and political matters registered in my Office which 
are herewith humbly presented to your Lo ps being as am com- 
manded a Duplicat. 

By His Ex cy my Lord Culpeper I presume your Lo ps have 
received the satisfaction of the intire well settlement of His 
Ma ties affaire in this Government which continues in the like 
good State, and have noe apprehension of their otherwise be- 
ing — In which the faithful service of him shall not be want- 


ing who beggs leave to subscribe himselfe your Lo ps most 
humble and Obedient Servant. 

Nich° Spencer 
Virginia July 16 th 1683 

Lords of Trade and Plantations to Lord Culpeper. 

Council Chamber 
24 th August 1683 
My Lord 

The Right Hono b,e the Lords of the Committee for Trade 
and Foreign Plantations having this day read your Lo ps In- 
structions bearing date 27 th Jan 17 1681-2 have commanded mee 
to signify their desires that your Lo p give them as soon as 
may bee a particular and distinct Account in Writing how 
your Lc^ has observed and complyed with each of the said 
Instructions, with the proceedings that have been had there- 

Lord Culpeper to the Lords of Trade and Plantations 
2 September 1683. 

In pursuance of your Lord lppes Commands by Mr. Blath- 
waite Dated 24 th August last, when I was extremely ill, 
though I should more willingly have presented it in person, 
you will now receive A Particular Account of Each Instruc- 
tion written on the other side of it, w ch being voluminous, hath 
taken up more time than I expected, And my sicknesse hath 
been a very great Hindrance alsoe, for there was nothing I 
desired more, and had notice come sooner, as I earnestly ex- 
pected, you had been sooner obeyed by 

You Lord ,ppe8 
Most Humble Servant 

Tho. Culpeper 

S. P. O. Va. vol. 65. 

virginia in 1683 357 

Instructions for my Lord Culpeper with an acc't of his 

Lop' s Compliance therewith 2 . 
Charles R 

Instructions for Our Right Trusty and Well beloved Thomas 
Lord Culpeper Our Lieutenant and Governor General of Our 
Colony and Dominion of Virginia in America and, in his ab- 
sence, to y* Commander in Cheif of Our said Colony Given at 
Our Court at Whitehall the 27 th day of Jan 17 1681-2 in y e 
33 th year of Our Reigne. 

Whereas by Our Letters Patents under Our Great Seal of 
England bearing date the eight day of July in the 27 th Year 
of Our Reigne. Wee granted unto you Thomas Lord Culpeper 
the Office of Our Lieut, and Gov 1 " General of Our Colony and 
Dominion of Virginia to hold, execute and enjoy the said Of- 
fice during your natural life next @ immediately after y* 
death, surrender forfeiture or other determination of the In- 
terest of Sir W m Berkley Kn'. 

And whereas you are from y e death or other avoydance of y* 5 
sd. Sir W m Berkley, by vertue of Our said L'res Patents, 
become possessed of the said Office of Our Lieuten 1 and Gov- 
ernor General of Our said Colony and Dominion; You shall 
therefore fit yourselfe with all convenient speed and repair 
to Virginia. 

I was actually ready in every respect on the 15 th of September 
last 1682 But either by the fault of the Captain, or of the 
victuallers (for a fault there was) The Newmayde: Fregat 
sailed not out of the Downes till the 2 d October, and stopped 
at Plymouth to take in Provisions till the 6 th and after a tedi- 
ous Danjerous Winter passage (all alone) arrived not in Vir- 
ginia till the 16 th December, whereas severall other Virginia 
ships that came into the Downes after us, sailed thence before 
us viz. on the 25 th of September aforesaid, and takeing ad- 
vantage of the Faire Easterly Wind had (all) Quick passages, 
particularly Capt. Arnold, and Capt. George Purvis, the latter 

2 Culpeper's account of how he carried out his instructions affords 
valuable information in regard to Virginia at that time. 


whereof came to an anchour within the Capes on the last day 
of October. 

And, being arrived there, you are forthwith to call a meeting 
of y* Members of Our Council for that Our Colony and Do- 
minion, by name, 

Sr. Hen. Chicheley Lt. Gov T . 

Nathaniel Bacon "| William Cole 

Nicholas Spencer j „ John Custis ^ 

Robert Smith f ^ sqrs ' Richard Lee f qrs - 

Philip Ludwell j Ralph Wormly 

John Page Esq 1- 

I had a full Councell on the 18 th December But in regard 
Col. William Byrd was an Eminent member of the Assembly 
then sitting, I did not sweare him till the first councell day 
after the Dissolution thereof, viz. 10 th January following. 
Col. Matthew Kempe died two or three dayes before my Ar- 
Joseph Bridger Esq. Mathew Kemp Esq. William Byrd Esq. 

At which meeting, after having published in usual manner 
Our said Letters Patents constituting you Our Lieut, and Gov r 
General of Our said Colony @ Dominion, you shall take your- 
self and also administer the Oaths of Allegiance @ Supre- 
macy @ all such other Oaths usualy taken @ administered as 
by Our Commission or y* powers given you under Our great 
Seal is directed. 

(To be continued) 




Ditto paid Ditto for Arms Pur- 
chased for the Public Ser- 
vice 10 10 

Ditto paid John Coffer for Pay 
of Cap n Masons Company of 
Minute Men in Prince Wil- 
liam District 77 9 7 

Ditto paid David Clark for Pro- 
visions furnished Cap n Greens 
Company 1 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions 

to Cap n Dabneys Company. 14 6 

Ditto paid Harry Dudley for 

Ferriage to Sundry Troops.. 2 4 8 

Ditto paid Christopher Har- 
wood for Provisions to Cap n 
Smiths Company 19 13 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Cart & 
Horse hire to the public by 
S. Field 2 5 

Ditto paid Thomas Slate for 
making a Suit of Colours. ... 1 

Ditto paid Manor Dixon for a 
Gun sold to the Public 3 

To cash paid Captain James 
Barron for Rowe Cowper for 
wood to the Troops at Hamp- 
ton 21 12 

To Ditto paid Ditto for For- 
age allowed his as a Mi- 
litia Officer 17 11 

Ditto paid Ditto for Horse Hire 

for the Guard at Mill Point. . 5 10 

Ditto paid James Ball for Wag- 
gonage & Provisions to a 
company of Regulars 46 12 3 

Ditto paid John Hulingson for 
a Gun furnished the Army.. 1 

Ditto paid James Shields for 
Corn & Fodder furnished 
Ditto 172 10 


Ditto paid John Taylor balance 
of his Account as Quarter 
Master 11 2 6 

Ditto paid Martin Hawkins for 
Wood Etc. to the Troops at 
Hampton 43 12 7l/ 2 

Ditto paid George Stubberfield 
Balance of his Recruiting Ac- 
count . . 41 
7 Ditto paid Samuel Parks for a 
Rifle furnished public ser- 
vice 5 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Lewis Wil- 
lis for Wood Etc to Prince 
William Battalion 5 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Picket 
for Provisions to the Culpep- 
per Battalion 1 8 

(To be continued) 


Reuben Boston — Mary Anderson, Geo. Bingham. 
Jeremias Rogers — Elizabeth Ferguson, Geo. Bingham. 

Wm. Parrott — Judith Wayland, Jacob Watts. 
Fred'k Harman — Mary Jimerson, Robt. Jones. 
Hamlet Sanford — Phebe Biggers, Robt. Jones. 
Rich'd White — Auney Wayt, Jacob Watts. 
Reuben Stowers — Margaret Jackson, Jacob Watts. 
Joel Marr — Betsey Miller, Jacob Watts. 
Henry Marshall — Elizabeth Walton, Geo. Bingham. 
Wm. Cane — Mary Snow, Geo. Bingham. 
Abraham Estes — Sally Cox, Jacob Watts. 
Joseph Kirtley — Elizabeth Sims, Jacob Watts. 
Willis Loyd — Felicia Agheart, Geo. Bingham. 
John Beadier — Lucinda Haynes, Geo. Bingham. 
Saron Simpson — Mary Millican, Jere Chandler. 
Charles Yates — Betsey Loyd, Jere Chandler. 
Joseph H. Schooler — Dolly Quisenberry, Jere Chandler. 
Washington Hoard — Elizabeth Adams, Jere Chandler. 
Thomas Rogers — Penelope Chanceller, Jere Chandler. 
John Hensley — Elizabeth Oliver, A. Brockman. 
Ambrose Henderson — Lucv Acre, A. Brockman. 




During the months in which the April and July numbers, 1920, 
were in course of publication, copy was exchanged several times 
between the various printers employed, and, by accident, the con- 
cluding portion of Orange County Marriages, was published in the 
April number, while the sections which should have immediately 
preceded, were published in the July number and in this one. Mr. 
Scott's valuable contribution has now been completed. 

P. 141, line 1, for "Oprie" read "Opie". 

P. 169, line 9 from top, for "charity" read "charily". 

P. 253, line 6 from top, for "Stauard" read "Stanard". 

P. 254, line 1, for "Math'l Ferry" read "Nath'l Terry", and on 
line 5, for "Ferry" read "Terry". 

In "Proceedings of Annual Meeting" p. ix, for "S. A. Longe" read 
"S. H. Yonge". 

Wab Notes. 

On Dec. 11, 1920, the navy decorated an officer of the army with its 
Distinguished Service Medal when Major Gen. David C. Shanks 
received the honor in formal ceremonies at the Boston Navy Yard. 

The award was made in recognition of the services of General 
Shanks in co-operating with the navy while he was in command 
of the port of embarkation at Hoboken, N. J., in the transport of 
troops during the war. 

Major General Shanks, who is a native of Salem, Va., commanded 
the Port of Debarkation at Hoboken, N. J., Aug. 1, 1917-Sept. 9, 

1918, and Dec. 9, 1918 . He is now in command, 1st Army Corps, 

headquarters at Boston. 

A Southebn Woman in Wab Time. 

There recently came to light a private memorandum book for- 
merly belonging to Mrs. Mary Mann (Page) Williamson, of Orange 
County. She had written in it various things which she did not 


know any eye but her own would ever see. An expression of her 
thoughts at the beginning of 1865 gives a good example of the hope- 
fulness and undaunted courage of Southern women, even at this 
dark hour of the Confederacy. Mrs. Williamson's only son, then 
a mere youth, the late Joseph A. Williamson, of Frederick, Md., was 
serving in the Richmond Howitzers, C. S. A., and her son-in-law, 
Major and Surgeon (afterwards Bishop) John B. Newton, had 
actively served in the Confederate Army from the beginning. 

"1st Jan. 1865. 

Exit 1864 buried in the tomb of ages. Enter 1865 new born of 
time, and swaddled in a robe of snow. One more turning of a new 
leaf in the book of time. There is casting up of accounts and a 
squaring of records in Heaven and upon earth between man and 
his Maker — between man and man. The record of this year in the 
experience of this people has been written with a pen of iron, dipped 
in ink mixed with blood and tears, and the story is the repetition 
of the bloody annals of the three preceding years. But girding 
our loins at this retrospective point of affairs and buckling on the 
armour of a just cause, let the people resolve D. V. to make 1865 
the birth year of our national independence." 

Medical Prescriptions of 1812. 

We are indebted to Mr. W. W. Scott, State Law Librarian, for 
two notes from Dr. Robert H. Rose, to Mrs. Scott of Orange County, 
containing prescriptions. Dr. Rose was a descendant of Rev. Robert 
Rose and married Frances Taylor Madison, a sister of President 


Sunday, March 15th 1812. 

I have sent by Betty a paper of [word missing at edge of page] 
she shou'd take fifteen grains three times a day in a Table spoonful 
of Sassafras Tea. She ought to begin with them in the morning. 
I have given her a dose of Calomel. When she has taken all the 
Powders I shall be glad to see her again. My opinion is that com- 
plaint is a Tetter which I fear will be very difficult to cure. She 
ought to take Burdock concoction every [day?] at least a pint. I 
give the receipt to make it below, 

I am respectfully your obt Servt, 

Robert H. Rose. 
Mrs. Sarah Scott. 


Take two ounces of Burdock root and three ounces of iner bark 
of sassafras and put them into three pints of water & boil to two. 
Dose from a Pint to a Quart a day. 


Mrs. Scott will give Diana a Tablespoonful of mixture every two 
hours unless her fever shou'd get highr, when it must be given 
once every hour. She must have glisters frequently given her 
during the course of the day to aid the operation of the mixture 
and if it should not have the effect desired she must give her a 
dose of Salts. At night she must take a Tea spoonful of Paregoric 
and also in the day after pains should be severe. She must put 
the sugar of lead in a quart of water and have two Tablespoonfuls 
injected three times a day and milk & water as often as convenient, 

Robert H. Rose. 
Mrs. S. Scott. 

Sir Richard Lane. 

Henry Randolph and his nephew William Randolph, of "Turkey 
Island", the emigrants to Virginia, not only had associations with 
literature through Thomas Randolph, the poet, but with law, 
through Sir Richard Lane. 

William Randolph married, first, Elizabeth Smith, and had issue, 
Thomas Randolph, the poet; and second, Dorothy, daughter of 
Richard Lane, of Curteenhall, gent., (and his wife Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Clement Vincent, of Harpole), and sister of Sir Richard Lane. 

This Richard Lane, brother of Mrs. Randolph, was baptized at 
Harpole, Northamptonshire, Nov. 12, 1584. He was called to the 
bar from the Middle Temple, was elected reader of his Inn in 1630, 
and in September 1634 appointed Attorney General to the Prince of 
Wales. When Strafford was impeached by the House of Commons 
in 1641, Lane conducted his defense with so much ability, especially 
in his legal arguments, that the Commons desisted from the trial 
and accepted a bill of attainder. 

Lane followed the King to Oxford and was knighted there Jan. 4, 
1643-4, and was made Lord Chief Baron on Jan. 25 following; acted 
as one of the commissioners for the King at the treaty of Uxbridge, 
Jan. 1645, and was appointed Lord Keeper, Aug. 30, 1645. 

Oxford surrendered on June 24, 1646, and Lane was the principal 
agent in drawing the articles on the King's note. On Feb. 8, 1649, 
he had a grant of arms from Charles II. He continued nominally 
Lord Keeper during the remainder of the King's life and his patent 
was renewed by Charles II. He followed the latter into exile and 
died at Jersey, April 1650. (Dictionary of National Biography). 


Thos. Randolph seems to have been on intimate terms with his 
step-mother's family. Among his poems is an amusing and in- 
genious "Apologie for his false Prediction that his. Aunt Lane would 
be Delivered of a Sonne." 

William and Dorothy (Lane) Randolph were the parents of 
Henry Randolph, who came to Virginia, and of Richard, the father 
of William Randolph of "Turkey Island". 

A Religious Feud in the Valley. 

Rev. William Williams was a very early Presbyterian minister in 
the valley of Virginia. At Orange Court (then including Fred- 
erick, Augusta, &c), Mr. Williams was fined £4 "for joyning in the 
holy bonds of matrimony several persons, he being no orthodox 
minister". This meant that he was not of the Church of England. 

Some years earlier he was in difficulties with the people of his 
section, and sued a number of them for libel. The nature of the 
charges made against him are not known, but the list of defendants 
is of interest as giving the names of very early settlers in the lower 
Valley. On April 27, 1738, William Williams had a deed for 225 
acre in "Opeqon." This was probably his residence. 

We are indebted to Mrs. Fothergill for the following notes: 

Orange Co. 0. B. 1734-39, P. 331, 22 June 1738. 
In the suit by complaint brought by W"» Williams Gent, against 
John Smith, John Petite, Danl Chancey, James Brown, Jonathan 
Curtis, Jonas Hedges, Cornelius Newkirk, Barent Newkirk, Enogle 
Urelawt, Peter Hyat, Francis Hood, Jeremiah Poor, James Sar- 
geant, John Harris, Jno. Hays, Thos. Wilbourn, Wm. Smith, John 
Smith Jr., Tines Newcock, Henry Newcock, Saml Wilson, John 
Largant, Zebulon Centerel, Philip Jobson, William Homes, John 
Crabtree, John Powell, Wm. Wilburn, Lovis Dumas Sen., Lovis. 
Dumas Jum, John Dumas, Thos. Low, Walter Homes, Wm. Hays, 
John Woodson, David Logan, Jonah Seaman, Paul Williams, Jno. 
Hiatt, Jno. Risk, Darby McCover, Jeremiah Williams, Paul Wil- 
liams Jun., Jno. Grayham, Jos. King, Wm. Saterfield, Jos. Cantrell, 
Jno. Tradan, Jno. Pitts, Rice Smith, Andrew Clemens, Saml Hay- 
ward, Josiah Hayward, Thos. Mcleduff, Geo. Hyett, Geo. Nixon, 
Thos. Hart, Henry Robinson, Wm. Rush, John Sheppard, Abraham 
Yeates, Andrew Hampton, Wm. Beerley, Thos. Potts, Nicholas. 
Knight, Jno. Stuard, Francis Ross, Robert Colvert, Saml Hews, 
Wm. Fullten, James Delehay, Saml Breeton for signing scandalous 
papers reflecting on ye complaintant. They were summoned by the 
sheriff. Some plead ignorance of the nature of the papers, others 
begged to be excused as they knew no harm of Mr. Williams. 
Others begged for the case to be continued until next court. 


Wm. Williams vs Noah Hampton. Plf. awarded £9. 

Jury: Goodrich Lightfoot Junr., Wm. Pay ton, William Xethwait, 
Thos. Pattey Jun., Jno. Ingraim, Jno. Burk, Luke Thornton, Alex. 
Waugh, George Nettles, William Jackson, John Connor, Richard 

The Cocke Family. 

A bound copy of Vol. IV of your Magazine, page 442, says "Stephen 
Cocked son of Abraham . . . and his son Jno. H. Cocke suc- 
ceeded him", which interested me very much as my grandmother 
was Amy Elizabeth Cocke of Somerville, Tennessee, m. Dr. Josiah 
Higgason, born 1801 in Hanover Co., Va.. and a son of Chas. R. 
Higgason. Before her death in 1890 she gave me some Cocke 
genealogical data taken from old family Bibles the which may show 
a slight error in the above quoted statement concerning Stephen 
Cocke. I am taking the liberty of sending it to you for perpetua- 
tion in your valuable journal. 

This is the record: 

Stephen Cocke Sr was born March 31, 1740. 

Amy Jones his wife was born Jan'y 26, 1747. 

The children of Stephen and Amy Jones Cocke were: 

1 Richard, born 1766, d. Feb. 17, 1823. 

2 Mary, born 1768. 

3 Elizabeth, born 1770, 1804. 

4 Martha Lacy, born 1772, d. 1824. 

5 Sarah Stratton, born 1774. 

6 Rebecca, born 1776. 

7 Amy Jones, Jr., born 1778, d. June 1, 1824. 

8 Thos. Jones, born 1780, d. Aug. 21, 1845. 

9 Stephen, born 1784, d. April 5, 1822. 

Stephen Cocke Sr died 1792 & Amy Jones Cocke died Sept 15, 

Thomas Jones Cocke married Lucy Watkins Nicholson on Jany 
20, 1802, (Lucy W. Nicholson was b. Feby 4, 1783, d. Nov. 2, 1836.) 
Their children were as follows: 

1 A son born Feby 10, 1803. 

2 James Nicholson b. Jany 3, 1805, d. Dec. 29, 1850. 

3 Stephen William b. Feby 10, 1807, d. . 

4 Thomas Oct. 27, 1808, d. Oct. 29, 1808. 

5 Martha Ann Mch 20, 1810. 

6 Amy Elizabeth b. Oct. 17, 1812, d. 1899. 

7 Thos. Richard b. Oct. 13, 1814, d. 1883. 

8 Edwin b. Aug. 27, 1817, d. July 21, 1830. 

9 Jack Lacey b. May 11, 1821, d. Oct. 26, 1822. 


My grandmother said her parents moved from Virginia and 
settled in Kentucky, afterwards in about 1825 coming to Fayette 
Co., Tennessee. Her father, Thos. Jones Cocke was wealthy, owned 
many slaves and much land, was for years a member of the County 

Lucy Watkins Nicholson, wife of Thos. Jones Cocke, was the 
daughter of James Nicholson, b. Nov. 1, 1748, and his wife Sally 
Harris b. May 11, 1767. 

Martha Ann Cocke m. Maj. Edmund Winston of La Grange, 
Tennessee, on Feb. 11, 1828. 

The record also gives this information: 

Richard Cocke, oldest son of Stephen & Amy Jones Cocke, mar- 
ried Mary Watkins Dec. 6, 1797 (Mary dying Feb. 20, 1823). Their 

1 John Watkins Cocke b. Jany 21, 1808. 

2 Rich'd Cocke b. July 12, 1815. 

3 Mary Ann Cocke b. Dec. 13, 1816. 

4 Martha Frances Cocke b. . 

Stephen Cocke Jr son of Stephen Sr & Amy, married Mch 10, 
1806, Harriet A. Nance & their children are as follows: 

1 Susan Francis Cocke, b. Dec. 29, 1806. 

2 Stephen Frederick Cocke b. Dec. 29, 1809. 

3 Thomas Robert Cocke b. April 23, 1815. 

Thinking this data might be interesting to some of the numerous 
Cocke heirs in Virginia and elsewhere, and considering its reliabil- 
ity as I have explained, I am in hopes that you will be able to 
print it. 

Very Respty 

J. H. Doetch, 
1510 Park Road, N. W., 
Oct. 9, 1920. Washington, D. C. 

John Oldmixon, 1673-1742. 

The article on Oldmixon, in the Dictionary of National Biography, 
is not as explicit as it might be. Oldmixon's British Empire in 
America (1708 and 1741) must have been a rather powerful book 
in America for at least seventy years from its first edition. For 
instance in the Introduction (ed. 1741, p. xxvii), the question is 
put — "if it were asked why our Colonies have not their Represen- 
tatives who could presently give a satisfactory answer?" And so 
a good deal throughout. Oldmixon has been reckoned a mere party 
man. He was much more than a canting Whig in his youth 
when he wrote on America. He disliked many things in the gov- 
ernment at home, and mentions them often, directly or indirectly, 
In writing of America, mentions them never without making his 


opinion sufficiently clear. And what if Oldmixon inspired Burke? 
The Dictionary of National Biography does not enough empha- 
size Oldmixon's stout Whig principles as applicable in the affairs 
of British America at that time; and not enough stress is given 
the fact that John Oldmixon was nephew to Sir John Bowden (or 
Bawden), London merchant. Oldmixon's account of Barbados, St. 
Kitts, Antigua, (note what he says of the precipitate Colonel 
Parke), Jamaica, etc., his second volume, all on the West India 
British islands, shows evidence of first hand information and 
mature judgment. As regards Barbados, Oldmixon says (Preface, 
p. xiii) "The inhabitants of that fruitful and pleasant island .... 
will see that he speaks things of his own knowledge; and as to the 
memoirs of events that happened before his time, he had recourse 
to the papers of an eminent merchant, Sir John Bowden, his uncle." 
And Sir John Bowden we learn (vol. II, ,p. 43) and Mr. John 
Gardner "had then (1687) the largest commissions from Barbados 
of any merchants in England, and perhaps the largest that ever 
were lodged in one house in the West India trade." Sugar is peren- 
nially interesting. For the history of sugar, at least, you cannot 
overlook Oldmixon and his uncle Sir John Bowden. 

A. J. Moebison. 


(1) Will of Robert Tomlin Jr., dated March 1st, 1794, proved Dec. 
1, 1794, legatees: wife Sarah, sister Winifred Tomlin, niece Eloisa 
Tomlin McCarty, my brothers and sisters, provision in case a child 
is born, to wife one third of the money left her by her grandmother 
Browne, and one third of all the moneys she is entitled to under her 
father's will. Father Robert Tomlin nd brother-in-law Bartholomew 
McCarty executors. 

(2) Will of Thomas Brockenbrough, dated June 27, 1794, proved 
Jan. 5, 1795, all estate to brothers John and Newman Brockenbrough 

(3) Will of Robert Tomlin, dated Dec. 18, 1794, proved Jan. 5, 
1795, wife Susannah, plantation he lived on, called Rainesse [?] for 
her life and afterwards to his son Moore Fauntleroy Tomlin, and if 
he died, to his (testator's) daughter Elizabeth McCarty's children, 
certain property to be equally divided among daughters and son, 
except daughter Elizabeth. Daughters Nellie, Apphia and Susannah 

(4) Will of Samuel Peachey, dated April 1, 1795, proved April 27, 
1795, brother William Peachey, cousin Mrs. Winifred Armistead, 
Bisters Jane and Catherine. 

(5) Will of John Smith Jr., dated March 23, 1787, proved June 
6, 1797, wife Lucy, children John and Meriwether Smith, Elizabeth 
Burwell, Mary, Lucy, Ann, Sarah and Francis Smith. 


(6) Will of Robert Wormeley Carter, of Sabine Hall, dated Dec. 
16, 1794, proved June 5, 1797. To wife, Winifred Travers, the 
plantation where I live consisting of several tracts contiguous to 
each other, also the Fork Plantation, 30 working slaves, half males, 
stocks, utensils &c, &c, on said plantations, and household and 
kitchen furniture (except book-case and library and other things 
excepted), also such household servants as she shall choose, my 
stable and chariot servants, cooks, washing laundry servants and 
those who wait in the house — all these bequests to go after her 
death to son Landon Carter. To wife, carriage and four horses. 
Son George Carter all my lands in York and James City commonly 
called Rippon Hall, my lots in Williamsburg, and stocks, slaves &c, 
there, also to him my lands in Stafford called The Park or Acquia 
tract supposed to contain [copy torn] with all the slaves, stocks &c, 
on said tract, also two other negroes. To son Landon several ne- 
groes. To daughter Ann Beale [Carter] [torn], a negro. To daugh- 
ter Elizabeth Carter, a negro. Whereas I have before given my 
daughter Elizabeth during her first marriage £1000, which although 
it was nearly equal to her husband's with specie, and was applied 
by him to the payment of his specie debts, yet as it was paid in 
paper money when depreciated, I give to daughter Elizabeth £500 
specie in five annual installments of £100. To daughter Ann Beale 
Carter £1000 specie, also to her the rents and profits of my Hickory 
Thickett estate in Richmond County until she marries or receives 
her portion. Having paid my daughter Fanny Lee's portion, shall 
make no further provision for her. To godson Robert Hamilton, 
son of Mr. Gilbert Hamilton, late of Richmond County, a lot of land 
on Ocupason, supposed to be in Frederick County, for his life. To 
son Landon all rest of real estate on Ocupason. To dear and most 
intimate friend, Mr. Richard Parker and Elizabeth his wife, the 
tenements they occupy, for their lives, with reversion to my son 
Landon Carter. Son-in-law Landon Carter, of Cleve, Thomas L. 
Lee of Loudoun and my son Landon Carter, executors. 

(7) Will of George Lee Turberville, of Epping, Richmond County, 
dated March 17, 1798, proved April 2, 1798. To be buried by the 
side of his mother and his lately deceased wife in the old family 
burying ground at Hickory Hill, Westmoreland County. Gives son 
John Turberville, as requested by John's mother, certain negroes 
given to her by her grandfather, the late Richard Corbin, deceased. 
Daughters Elizabeth Tayloe and Martha Felicia. Whereas by a 
settlement made by my father on me on my marriage, my son will 
possess, should I die before my father, a very considerable estate, 
and my daughters £1000 each, to be paid them by their uncles, I 
hope my father will have the money invested as this will requests. 
My brother, Richard Henry Corbin, Mr. Walter Jones the younger 
(attorney at law) and Mr. John Fawcett, executors. Brother R. H. 


Corbin, General Henry Lee and Mr. John Tayloe of Mt. Airy, 
guardians to my daughters, and Mr. Jones and Mr. Fawcett to my 
son John. 

(8) Will of Thomas Beale, dated June 7, 1799, proved Dec. 3, 
1799. Wife Sarah the land I li~3 on called Chestnut Hill, and after 
her death to son Thomas Beale. Children: Mildred, Jesse Ball, 
Eliza, Maria, Winifred Travers, Charles, George and Robert Tav- 
erner. Son Thomas Smith Beale. Sons James and Reuben. 
Daughter Fanny Foushee (gift to her confirmed). Children: 
Daughter Ann H. Belfield, William Currie, Thomas Smith, Mildred, 
James, Reuben, Fanny, Jesse Ball, Eliza, Maria, Winifred Travers, 
Charles, George and Robert Taverner. Brothers William and Reu- 
ben Beale and wife, executors. 

(9) Will of Ann Hamilton, dated June 17, 1778, proved Aug. 2, 
1784. Refers to will of deceased husband, Gilbert Hamilton, dated 
the last of August 1765, which devises his whole estate to her. Son 
John Tayloe Hamilton the land I live on. Son Robert Hamilton 
the land in Orange County my husband, Gilbert Hamilton bought 
of Mr. Taverner Beale, also two negroes. Daughter Judith Carter 
two negroes. Daughter Elizabeth Hamilton two negroes. Daugh- 
ter Euphan, two negroes &c. Mr. Thomas Lawson and Mr. Robert 
W. Carter, executors. 

(10) Will of William Peachey, dated July 30, 1798, proved Sept. 
6, 1802: daughter Armistead, daughter Nicholson, son William 
Travers grandchildren beginning with Elizabeth B. Armistead and 
so on down to the youngest; daughters Winifred and Susanna. Re- 
fers to a negro given to his sister Eustace by his father's will (she 
was the wife of John Eustace) ; grandson John Nicholson, Jr. 
Testator owned lands in Kentucky. Son William Travers Peachey, 
son-in-law John Nicholson and friend Rudolph Colste[?] [Raleigh 
Colston?] executors. Codicil dated Dec. 18, 1798, bequest to daughter 
Winifred Armistead. 

(11) Will of James Monroe, proved Feb. 2, 1807, "at present of 
the County of Richmond"; wife all estate, refers to his children 
and his brothers, but does not name them. Brother William 

(12) Will of Charles B. Carter, dated Dec. 1, 1800, proved April 
4, 1808. £1000 due from Landon Carter, executor of Robert W. 
Carter, to my wife, which was left her by her father. All lands in 
Richmond and Westmoreland to be sold. Land in Lancaster called 
Nantipoison Neck, 800 acres, and the necessary slaves, to be left 
for the support of my wife, Ann Beale Carter and my sons John Hill 
Carter and Charles B. Carter. Daughter Winifred Beale Carter 
(under 21). Refers to his father as still living. Friends Edward 
Carter, of Prince William, Landon Carter and John Tayloe of Rich- 
mond and Thomas L. Lee, of Loudoun, executors. 




We are indebted to Earl Beauchamp, the representative of the 
senior branch of the Corbin family, for abstracts and copies of 
deeds, letters, wills, etc., relating to the Corbins, which are among 
his family papers and for permission to use them. We also desire 
to thank Mr. C. L. Kingsford, 15 Argyll Road, Kensington, London, 
for kind aid in the same connection. Mr. Kingsford writes: "Hall 
End house is still standing. The property belonged originally to the 
Marmions of Tamworth. In the 15th century it was acquired by one, 
William Sturmy, whose granddaughter married Nicholas Corbyn, of 
Kingswinford. The original home of the Corbyns was Corbyns 
Hall at Kingswinford near Dudley, about 25 miles from Hall End. 
The Hall End estate was, I believe, sold by the last Earl Beauchamp 
about 40 years ago. Some of the Corbyns were buried at Polesworth 
and others at Kingswinford." 


C. 1220. William son of Corbinus de Chorbeus makes a grant to 

the Nuns of Polesworth. 
1358. William Corbin held land at Dudley. 

1400. Henry Corbyn occurs as a witness to a deed relating to land 
at Dudley and Seggesley (Sedgeley). 

1401. August 10, Charter of Henry Corbyn granting land at King- 

1407. June 29. Grant to Henry Corbyn of land at Sedgeley (near 

1414. Sept. 25. William Sturmy occurs in connection with Holt 

Hall at Polesworth. 
1421. June 24. Quitclaim by Margery sometime wife of Henry 

Corbyn, of land at Sedgeley. 
1427. March 2. Grant of "le Hall End" and the lands in Polesworth 

which were once William Gregory's, by Thomas Lonett to 

John Chetewynd, who on 25 June conveyed it to Henry Lud- 

ford and John Scot. 


1428. April 15. William Sturmy and Eleanor his wife. 

1428. Sept. 20. Settlement of lands in Kingswinford, Dudley and 

Sedgeley on John Corbyn and Elizabeth Everdon and the 

heirs of their bodies. 

1430. Oct. 3. William Everdon and John Lorde grant to William 
Corbyn lands in Kingswinford which they had by feoffment 
from John Corbyn: to hold for life with remainders to John 
Corbyn and the heirs of his body and in default to Thomas 
Corbyn, brother of John Corbyn. 

1431. Sept. 14. Grant by Nicholas Russell and John Lorde to 
John Corbyn son of William Corbyn of lands in Kingswin- 
ford, which they had. by feoffment of William and Margery 
Corbyn. Thomas Corbyn a witness. 

1432. March 20. Grant by Thomas Page to William Sturmy of 
Polesworth and Eleanor his wife, of Hall End and lands in 
Polesworth which he acquired from John Scotte and Henry 

1438. Aug. 1. Settlement of Hall End with remainder to John, son 

of William and Eleanor Sturmy, with remainders to brother 

Edward and sisters Elizabeth and Joan. 
1452. March 25. Demise by Thomas Corbyn of Kingswinford of 

land at Tybinton. 
1452. June 26. Settlement on marriage of John Sturmy and Joan 

daughter of William Clerke of Dudley. 

1452. July 14. Charter of Eleanor late wife of William Sturmy, 
to her son John. 

1453. Feb. 2. Deed of Thomas Corbyn. 

1459. Apr. 16. Joan late wife of John Sturmy. 

1459. June 8. Demise of Hall End on trust by Eleanor Sturmy. 

1467. January 19. Charter of Thomas Corbyn to John Corbyn, 
vicar of Womburne. 

1468. Apr. 29. Wardship of Agnes and Joan daughters of John 

1474. Dec. 12. Demise by Joan Corbyn, late wife of Thomas Cor- 
byn, and Nicholas Corbyn, her son, of land in Tybinton, on 

1489. Feb. 1. Demise by Nicholas Corbyn of land in Sedgeley. 

1506. Lawsuit between Nicholas Corbyn, Joan his wife, and Robert 
Carlile. Joan Corbyn was daughter of John Sturmy. Robert 
Carlile was son of Joan daughter of William Sturmy. It re- 
lated to the lands in Polesworth and was decided in Corbyn's 

1512. Feb. 1. Demise by Nicholas Corbyn. 

1513. Rental of Nicholas Corbyn. Mentions Corbyns Hall in Kings- 
winford. His lands worth £109 the year. 

1528. May 30. Demise by Jane Corbin, late wife of Nicholas Cor- 


bin to Anne Corbin her daughter. Richard Corbin son and 

heir of Nicholas Corben assents. 
1530. Apr. 14. Lease by Richard Corbyn of Kingswinford. 
1553. Jan. 1. Deed of Thomas Corbyn of Hall End. 

1563. Aug. 13. Deed of Thomas Corbyn of Hall End and Anne his 

1564. May 30. Grant by Thomas Corbyn of Hall End to Francis 
Corbyn, John Corbyn and others on trust for George Corbyn, 
son and heir of Thomas. Francis and John were probably 
brothers of Thomas. 

1574. March 24. George Corbyn witness to a deed between Thomas 
Corbyn and Thomas Warings. Thomas Corbyn uses a seal 
displaying his shield "in chief three ravens"; the earliest 

1581. May 27. Deed of George Corbyn of Hall End. 

1620. Aug. 25. Deed of George Corbyn of Hall End, for settlement 
of estates. Witnesses include Gawen Grosvenor, Anne Cor- 
bin, and Jane Corbin. 

1621. May 26. Bond to Thomas Corbyn of Hall End. 

1622. Sept. 5. Sale of lands at Polesworth to Thomas Corbyn 
C.1625. George Corbyn in giving evidence in a lawsuit describes 

himself as about 80 years of age and bred and born at 
Hall End. 

1635. Nov. 2. Deed of Thomas Corbyn mentioning Winifred his 
wife and George Corbyn his father. 

1636. Mar. 29. George Corbyn alive. 

1637. Nov. 14. Grant of Wardship of Thomas Corbyn to Winifred 
Corbyn widow, and others. 

1638. June 1. Probate of Will of Thomas Corbyn of Hall End. 
His sons: Thomas, Henry, George, Gawyne and Charles: 
daughter Lettice. Brothers-in-law John Dawkins and James 
Prescott. Winifred Corbyn remarried (2) Cecil Warburton 
who died before 1646. (3) Richard Howell. Lettice Corbyn 
married Thomas Okeover. 

1645-6. Feb. 15. Marriage Settlement of Thomas Corbyn of Cor- 
bins Hall and Margaret daughter of Edmund Goodere. 

1650. Feb. 22. Receipt by George Corbyn of London, 6alter, for a 
legacy under his father's Will. 

1653-4. Jan. 7. Do. by Henry Corbyn of London, draper. [The 
emigrant to Virginia] 

1653-4. Jan. 18. Do. by Thomas Okeover on behalf of his wife. 

1657. Dec. 7. Do. by Gawen Corbyn. Charles Corbyn was dead. 

1656-7. Jan. 3. Bond of Henry Corbyn of Rappahanock, Virginia, 
merchant, to Sir Henry Chicheley, Colonel Samuel Mathewes 
and Thomas Corbyn, on the occasion of his intended mar- 
riage to Alice, widow of Rowland Burnham of Rappahan- 
nock, in order to secure her property to Alice. 


Thomas Corbyn (eldest son of Thomas, of Hall End), had a 
numerous family, but all died young except one daughter Mar- 
garet who in July 1688 married William Lygon of Madresfield. 
Thomas Corbyn died in Dec. 1688. William Lygon had issues 
William, Corbyn, Thomas and Margaret. William and Thomas died 
before their father. Corbyn Lygon succeeded and died in 1728, 
having by his wife Jane Tullie a son William and two daughters 
Jane and Margaret; William died soon after and was succeeded 
at Madresfield and Hall End by his Aunt Margaret, then widow of 
Reginald Pyndar of Kempley, Gloucestershire. Her son Reginald 
took the name of Lygon and was father of William Lygon, first 
Earl Beauchamp. 

The following short pedigree of the English family was prepared by Mr. Kings- 
ford from the original documents. This gives an unbroken and fully proven de- 
scent from about 1400. As this outline pedigree was prepared entirely from the 
Corbin papers referred to, the absence of the names of wives, &c, given in the ped- 
igree printed In the last instalment does not necessarily mean that the statements 
in the former pedigree are incorrect. 

Henry Corbyn=Margery. 

William Corbyn (1430) 

I I (1452) 

John Corbyn=Elizabeth Everdon. Thomas Corbyn=Joan 

Nicholas=Joan Sturmy. 

Richard Corbyn. Anne. 

I (1528) 

Francis. John. Thomas Corbyn=Anne . 

(1560) I 

George Corbyn. 
I (i543- 1 636 

Thomas Corbyn=Winifred Grosvenor. 
d. 1637. 1 

Thomaa=Margaret Goodere. Henry. George. Gawin. Charles. 
d. 1688. I (of Va.) 

Margaret= William Lygon. 

d. 1720. 

Corbyn Lygon. Margaret=Reginald Pyndar. 

I d. 1728. I 

Reginald Lygon. 
o. s. p. William Lygon, 

1st Earl Beauchamp. 

(To be continued) 



52. William Fitzhughs Grymes, of "Eagles Nest", King George 

County, was born and died 1830. He was a member of 

the House of Delegates from King George 1810-11. He married 
Jane Champe, daughter of Thomas Pratt, of Caroline County, and 
had issue: 

71. Robert Carter Nicholas's, M. D., died unmarried; 72. 
Richard Montgomery*, died unmarried; 73. William Fitzhughe, 
died unmarried; 74. William Henry Fitzhughs, died unmarried; 
75. Benjamin Franklins, died unmarried; 76. Mary Meade, died 
unmarried; 77. Virginia, married Nov. 31, 1829, Henry T. Wash- 
ington of King George County; 78. Thomas Jefferson Inde- 
pendences, born July 4, 1825, died Oct. 1866, married Fanny 
Irving, of Alexandria, Va., and left three sons and three daugh- 
ters who lived at "Eagles Nest". 

53. Benjamins Grymes, of "Somerset", King George County, 

b orn f died 1828 or 1829. He married Margaret Vivian, 

daughter of Thomas Pratt, of Caroline County, and had issue: 

79. William Fitzhughs, who was in the U. S. Navy and died 
young and unmarried; 80. Louisa, married Edgar Snowden, of 

Alexandria; 81. George Washington Parke Custis", born , 

died 1870, married 1st, Martha, daughter of George N. Grymes 
(and had two daughters), married 2nd, Miss Stuart (and had a 
son and a daughter); 82. Quisenberry Pratte, died young; 83. 
Jane Brockenbrough, married Richard Kidder Meade, of White 
Post, Clarke County; 84. Eleanor A. S., married March 28, 1848, 
Hugh Mercer Tennant, of King George County; 85. Martha. 

54. George Nicholass Grymes, of "Mt. Chene" and "Mt. Stuart", 
King George County, born 1784, died Nov. 1853. He married Ann 
Eilbeck Mason, grand-daughter of George Mason of "Gunston" (she 
died Nov. 1864, aged 74 years) and had issue: 

86. Ann N., married Atkinson; 87. Elizabeth Mason; 

88. Lucy Fitzhugh, married Dr. A. B. Hooe, of King George 
County; 89. Martha Lucretia; 90. Sarah; 91. Rosalie; 92. George 
Grahams, died young; 93. Edmund Fitzhughs, died young; 94. 
Richard Barnes Masons, died young; 95. George Edmunds, of 
King George County, married Elizabeth Hansford, and had 
four sons and five daughters; 96. Benjamin Richardss, of 
Mathias Point, King George County, married and had three sons 
and three daughters. 


62. Peyton? Gbymes, married Catherine Catlett and had issue: 
97. Roberts; 98. Peyton Minors; 99. Mary Lewis; 100. Fanny; 
101. Betty; 102. Nanny. 

63. Db. Robeet Page? Gbymes, was born at "Selma", Orange 
County, May 30, 1824, removed to Chesterfield County in 1846 and 
died May 23, 1889. He married, Mary, daughter of Dr. Joseph E. 
Cox, of Petersburg (she died in Richmond, Nov. 22, 1920 in the 
86th year of her age) and had issue: 

103. E. Buford, married Fanny Thaw; 104. Peytons; 105. 
Jamess; 106. Roberts; 107. Susan, married C. T. Henley; 108. 
Sarah, married H. T. Wright. 

64. Benjamin Andbew? Gbymes, married Harriet Beale and had 

109. Kate; 110. Benjamins; 111. Edwins; 112. Williams; 113. 
Alice, married Bolton Harrison; 114. Sarah, married Peter V. 
Moncure; 115. John Randolphs; 116. Eugenia. 

65. Db. William Shephebd? Gbymes, of Gordonsville, Va., born 
April 3, 1825, died March 20, 1891. He served as surgeon C. S. A. 
He married, June 1, 1870, at "Backwood", Orange County, Va., Mary 
Ann, daughter of David Meade Bernard, of Petersburg, Va., and 
had at least one daughter, Mrs. E. D. Gilmore, of Sewickley, Pa. 

66. John Randolph? Gbymes, married in Texas and had several 


By J. Hall Pleasants, Baltimore, Md. 



Sir Anthony Aucher?: continued from page 295 — The inquisition 
shows that Sir Anthony Aucher died January 9th [1558]. As this 
was two days after the surrender of Calais, he doubtless died of 
wounds received a few days previously during the siege. 

Sir Anthony Aucher? married, apparently in 1525, Affra daughter 
of William Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, the then head of the 
distinguished family of this name, by his wife Eliza Stamford. 
At the time of this marriage William Cornwallis was dead; he had 
died in 1519. The identity of Affra Cornwallis is correctly given 
in the contemporary pedigree of Cornwallis in Harvey's Visitation 


of Suffolk 1561, (Metcalfs Visitations of Suffolk; Exeter, 1882, 
pp. 21, 22). This is confirmed by the inquisition upon the estate 
of Sir Anthony Aucher given below in which it is recited that he 
conveyed [in trust] the manor of Otterden, 20 July 17 Henry VIII 
[1525] to Sir Robert [or Edward] Guildford [Guldford] and Sir 
John Cornwalleys, knights, George Guildford and Thomas Hardres, 
esquires, Thomas Cornwalleys, clerk, and Edward Cornwalleys, gent, 
for purpose of a settlement on the said Affra [followed by illegible 
words] Cornwallys whom he proposed to marry. It is known that 
Sir John Cornwallis, Thomas Cornwallis and Edward Cornwallis 
were sons of William Cornwallis [d. 1519] of Brome. The evidence 
as to the identity of Affra Cornwallis is gone into in detail, because 
the Visitation of Kent, 1619, Burke and Berry, although giving her 
father's name correctly, state that he was of Norfolk. A sketch of 
the Cornwallis family of Brome will follow (pp. 381-2). 

Sir Anthony Aucher? apparently left no will and his estate was 
administered upon in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury: "12 
May, 1560, administration upon the estate of Anthony Aucher, kt. 
Cant, was granted to his son Edward Aucher, with consent of 
Walter Bradbourne", and a subsequent administration doubtless 
an adm. de bonis non: "admon. Anos. gt. Jan. 1571" (Genealogist; 
Administrations; Prerogative Court of Canterbury; i; p. 7). The 
statement of Hasted that he left Bishopsbourne to his son Edward 
by will is certainly incorrect as the inquisition shows that it was 
settled by entail in 1552, or five years before Sir Anthony's death, 
upon his eldest son John, and in default of male heirs of John, suc- 
cessively upon his sons Edward, Thomas and William. The state- 
ment that he left a will is also incorrect. 

In addition to the manors of Otterden, Bishopsbourne and Hauts- 
bourne (or Shelvingbourne), Sir Anthony Aucher died posesssed of 
the manors of Kyngeston, Baddlesmere and Pasting, and of the 
manor and park of Lyminge (Lyming). He also held the advowson 
of the churches of Kyngston, Lyming, Perlesforth and Stamforth, 
as well as lands in various other parishes in Kent named in the 
inquisition, in which it is stated that some of these "premises 
descend in gavelkind", i. e. were to be divided equally among hi3 
male heirs, not passing entirely to the eldest son by entail. Certain 
of the above lands including the manor of Otterden were subject 
to the life interest of his wife Affra, but all those entailed were 
eventually to pass to his eldest son and heir John Aucher, who was 
living when the inquisition was taken 15 May, 1558, with contingent 
remainders, except in the case of Otterden, successively to his other 
sons Edward, Thomas and William should John die without male 
issue. As this John Auchers died, leaving as his only heir, a 
daughter, the entailed lands, including the manors of Bishops- 
bourne, Hautsbourne, Kingston and Lyminge, finally passed to his 


brother Edward Aucher®, the second son of Sir Anthony? in whose 
possession they were 15 May, 1568, when the inquisition upon 
Edward Aucher 'ss estate was taken (q. v. p. 279), except the manor 
of Otterden which under the terms of the settlement descended to 
the heirs of John's daughter Anne, who married Sir Humphrey 
Gilbert, the great navigator. 

The following is the inquisition post mortem, unfortunately il- 
legible in some important parts, upon the estate of Sir Anthony 
Aucher, Knight, taken 15 May, 1558 (Chancery Inquisitions Post 
Mortem; Series II, Vol. 112, No. 91): 

Inquisition taken at Deptford 15 May, 4 & 5 Philip and 
Mary [1558]. Sir Anthony Aucher died seised of the 
manor of Shelvingbourne alias Hawtysbourne, and of the 
manor of Bishopsbourne, which he acquired by indenture 
of 1st June 2 Edw VI [1548] from Thomas Culpeper of 
Bedgebury, esq., who had married Anne, daughter & heir 
of Sir William Hawte, Kt.; and from Sir James Hales, Kt., 
and Margaret his wife, formerly wife of the said Sir Wil- 
liam Hawte. He was also seised of the manor and advow- 
son of the church of Kyngeston [Kingston], co. Kent, and 
the manor and park of Lymenge alias Gymynge, and the 
advowsons of the churches of Lymnge, Perlesforthe and 
Stanforthe, and lands in Kingeston, Barham, Wotton, 
Lyminge, Eltham, Patricksbourne and Brydge, etc. On 1 
Feb 6 Edw. VI [1552] he therewith enfeoffed Thomas 
Hardres and Thomas Cox, esquires, Alvered Randolfe and 
John Ramsey, gentlemen; on the 20th of the same month, 
they by their deed granted the premises to Sir Anthony 
and Dame Affra, then his wife, for their lives, with re- 
mainder to John Aucher, esq., son and heir apparent of 
the said Anthony, in tail male, and contingent remainders 
in tail male successively to his other sons Edward, Thomas 
and William. The manor of Otterinden he conveyed 20 
July 17 Hen VIII [1525] to Sir Robert (or Edward?) 
Guildford, kt. & Sir John Gornwalleys, kt., George Guild- 
ford and Thomas Hardres, esquires, Thomas Cornwalleys, 
clerk, and Edward Cornewalleys, gent., for purposes of a 
settlement on the said Affra * * * * Cornewallays, whom 
the said Anthony intended to take to wife. He was seised 
of the manor of Postling, out of which he granted an 
annuity of 100 marks to Thomas Spylman of Canterbury, 
gent, (now esq.), 2 April 1 Edw. VI [1547]. Other annui- 
ties he had granted to Roger Manwood & Henry Oxenden. 
He acquired [? the manor of Baddlesmere] & lands from 
Anne, Countess of Oxford [the particulars illegible]. He 


died 9 Jan * * * * The said John Aucher is his son & heir; 
some of the premises descend in gavel kind. The said 
Dame Affra & his other sons all survive. 

The issue of Sir Anthony Aucher? and his wife Affra Cornwallis 
as given here are taken from his inquisition, the Visitation of Kent, 
1019, and Berry's Genealogies; Kent. Issue: (1) John Aucher* of 
Otterden, who married Anne daughter of Sir William Kelloway, 
knight; he died prior to 1568; his only child and heir, a daughter 
Anne, inherited the manor of Otterden, and married about 1570, 
Sir Humphrey Gilbert the celebrated navigator; issue five sons and 
one daughter; many biographical sketches of Sir Humphrey Gilbert 
incorrectly state that his wife was a daughter of Sir Anthony 
Aucher?; (2) Edward Aucher* of Bishopsbourne — See VIII; (3) 
Thomas Aucher* d.s.p.; (4) William Aucher* of Nonington, married 
Alice Monins and d.s.p.; he was a clergyman and in 1566 was 
granted the "next presentation of the advowson of Lyminge" by 
his brother Edward Aucher; (5) Susannah Aucher*. 

VIII. Edward Aucher* (Nicholas*, Henrys, Henrys, Henry*, 
John^, James", Anthony?). Of Bishopsbourne, Kent. Born shortly 
before 1540. The inquisition post mortem given below shows that 
he married 10 June, 1560, Mabel the daughter of Sir Thomas Wroth. 
This definitely confirms the statements to this effect in the Aucher 
pedigrees given in the Visitation of Kent, 1619 (Harl. Soc. xlii; 
pp. 180-1), in Berry (Genealogies; Kent; pp. 222-3) and in Burhe 
(Extinct and Dormant Baronetages; 2nd. ed.; pp. 27-29); while it 
shows the incorrectness of the statement in the Wroth pedigrees 
among the "Additional Pedigrees" in this same Visitation of Kent, 
1619 (p. 214) which states that his Wife was the daughter of Sir 
Robert Wroth and a granddaughter of the above Sir Thomas Wroth. 
Sir Thomas Wroth, knight, of Durants in Enfield, Middlesex, was a 
prominent politician during the reign of Henry VIII and of Ed- 
ward VI, and married Mary the daughter of Richard, first lord 
Rich, the celebrated lord chancellor. Sketches of both the Wroth 
and Rich families will follow. The inquisition upon Sir Anthony 
Aucher's? estate, 1558, shows that the manor of Bishopsbourne and 
other property had been settled by him by deed dated 20 Feb. 1552, 
upon his eldest son and heir John, with reversion to his other sons 
successively. The inquisition upon the estate of Edward Aucher*, 
15 May, 1568, shows that at his death, 14 Feb. 1567-8, he was seized 
of the manor of Bishopsbourne and other property. It would, there- 
fore, appear that Edward Aucher had inherited Bishopsbourne by 
the death of his brother John without male heirs. Edward Aucher 
was probably about thirty at the time of his death. None of the 
published pedigrees refer in any way to a remarriage by his widow 
Mabel. Nor does the Aucher mural tablet in Bishopsbourne church 


which states that she died in 1597, refer to a remarriage. That she 
had remarried, however, sometime prior to 5 Oct. 1573, Richard 
Hardres* of Hardres, Kent, and that her son Anthony Aucher was 
then the ward of her father Sir Thomas Wroth, is shown by the 
latter's will. The will of Sir Thomas Wroth, dated 5 October, 1573 
and proved 16 April, 1575, a full abstract of which will be given 
later, refers to "my daughter Mabell Hardres, wife of Richard 
Hardres, esq.", and in a later paragraph provides that "if my ward 
Anthony Awcher [i. e. Anthony^] before his age of 21 pay my 
executor so much money for his marriage and wardship as I or 
they have dispersed, then my executors shall not take any further 
benefit but the said Anthony to remain unmarried or marry him- 
self at his pleasure." The inquisition upon the estate of Edward 
Aucher shows that he and his wife Mabel left two children, a son 
Anthony born in 1562, and a daughter Elizabeth. Although the 
inquisition refers to a will of Edward Aucher, dated 3 Feb. 10 
Elizabeth [1567-8], no such will can now be found in the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury, London, nor in the local courts of 
Kent at Canterbury or Rochester. 

The following inquisition post mortem was taken upon the estate 
of Edward Aucher 15 May, 1568 (Court of Wards and Liveries: In- 
quisitions post mortem. Vol. II, fol. 26), and in the absence of a 
will is of especial interest: 

Inquisition taken at Deptford Strand, co. Kent, 15 May 
10 Elizabeth [1568], after the death of Edward Aucher, esq. 
He was seised of the manor of Bishopsbourne, manor & ad- 
vowson of Lyminge &c. 22 August 1566 he had granted 
the next presentation to Lyminge to his brother William 
Aucher. 27 Sept. 8 Eliz. [1566] Edward Aucher and Mabel 
his wife granted to their kinsman James Aucher of Cher- 
ington the keepership of Cherington Park. In Mich, term 
8 & 9 Eliz. a recovery was had by Sir Thomas Wroth, father 
of the said Mabel, and Robert Eyre, esq., to uses of an in- 
denture made between the said Edward & his wife, 30 Sept. 
8 Eliz. [1566], referring to the settlement made on their 
marriage 10 June 2 Elizabeth [1560], under which Lyminge 
was entailed on said Edward Aucher & his brother Wil- 
liam, in tail male successively, remainder to Edward's right 
heirs. On 20 February 6 Edward VI [1552], Bishopsborne 

* The Hardres were a prominent family in the parish of Hardres, 
Kent, and in the next century a baronetcy was conferred upon a descend- 
ant of Richard Hardres. The Hardres pedigrees in the Visitation of 
Essex, 1612 (Harl. Soc. xiii ; p. 211), Visitation of Kent, 1663-1668 (Harl. 
Soc. liv ; p. 73) and Burke's Extinct and Dormant Baronetages (2nd. ed. 
pp.2 42-3) erroneously state that this Richard Hardres married Mary, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Wroth. This is disproved by Sir Thomas Wroth's 
will, cited above, which shows that it was his daughter Mabel who mar- 
ried Richard Hardres. 


& other property was settled in tail as above, with remain- 
der over to the right heirs of Sir Anthony Aucher, dec**., 
father of the said Edward. The recovery of Mich. 8 & 9 
Eliz. [1566] and deed therewith connected are made to en- 
able the jointure of the said Mabel to be more conveniently 
placed as regards a dwelling house, to raise money to pay 
the debts of Edward Aucher, and to provide for the bring- 
ing up and advancement of his children. The deed puts a 
condition on the succession by William & his heirs male, 
viz. that they shall not do anything contrary to this deed; 
and in such event, or for failure of such issue, the remain- 
der to be to Elizabeth Aucher, daughter of the said Edward. 
The said Edward, as Edward Aucher of Bishopsborne, esq., 
son of Sir Anthony Aucher, Kt., deca., made his will 3 
February 10 Eliz. [1567-8], providing for his daughter Eliza- 
beth and son Anthony. He bequeaths £5 to Mary Wroth. 
He died at Bishopsborne on the 14th Feb. 10 Eliz. [1567-8]. 
Anthony Aucher, son & heir of the said Edward is aged five 
and a half years. 

Issue of Edward Auchers and his wife Mabel Wroth: 
(1) Sir Anthony Aucher», knight; of Bishopsbourne. He was 
born 1562, and died 13 Jan. 1609-10. He was knighted 4 July, 
1604 at Chatham. He is said to have married twice. By his 
1st wife, a daughter of Robert Barham, he had no issue. By 
his 2nd wife Margaret, daughter of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop 
of York (q. v.) he had issue (1) Sir Anthony Aucherio (died 
1637); (2) Edwin Aucherio of Willesborough; (3) Eliza- 
beth^ married Sir William Hamour, (4) Margaret^ married 
Sir Roger James. There is thus a double connection between 
the Aucher and Sandys families, as his nephew Sir William 
Lovelace, the younger (1584-1627), son of his sister Elizabeth 
(Aucher^) Lovelace, married Anne Barne, the niece of his 
wife Margaret Sandys. This Anne Barne was the daughter 
of Sir William Barne and Anne Sandys, another daughter of 
Archbishop Sandys. The above mentioned Sir Anthony 
Aucheri", knight (died July, 1637), had a son Sir Anthony 
Aucher", knight (1613-1694) who was created a baronet July 
4, 1666. The title is now extinct. See Burke's Extinct and 
Dormant Baronetages, 2nd. ed. p. 28, and Berry's Genealogies; 
Kent, p. 223, for later lines. 

IX. (2) Elizabeth Aucher^. Born between 1561 and 1565. She is re- 
ferred to in her father's inquisition as having been provided 
for under his will. She married about 1580 or 1581, Sir Wil- 
liam Lovelace, the elder, knight, of Bethersden, Kent (1551- 


1629). She was buried 3 December, 1627, in Canterbury 
Cathedral. Sir William Lovelace and his wife Elizabeth 
Auchera had issue (1) Richard Lovelace (1582-1602); (2) Sir 
William Lovelace, the younger (1584-1627), leaving issue q. v. 
ante pp. 87-90; (3) Mabel Lovelace (1584-1627) mar. Sir John 
Collimore, knight. See the Virginia Magazine, xxvii-xxviii, 
for the Lovelace pedigree. 


The pedigree of Cornwallys [Cornwallis] of Brome, Suffolk, which 
appears in the Visitation of Suffolk made by Harvey, Clarencieux 
king-of-arms, in 1561, carries the family back to the middle of the 
fourteenth century and is very complete (Metcalfe's Visitation of 
Suffolk; Exeter, 1882; pp. 21, 22). An examination of the pedigree 
will show that Affra Cornwallis, wife of Sir Anthony Aucher?, was a 
sister of Sir John Cornwallis of Brome, Steward of the Household of 
Prince Edward [Edward VI] and an aunt of Sir Thomas Cornwallis, 
Member of Queen Mary's Privy Council and Comptroller of Her 
Majesty's Household. Of this same family is the celebrated Lord 
Cornwallis of the American Revolution. The following is from the 
contemporary pedigree in the Visitation of Suffolk, 1561: 

The arms of Cornwallis as given in the Visitation: Arms Sable, 
guttee d'eau, on a fess dancette Argent three Cornish choughs 
[proper]. Crest: On a mount Vert a stag lodged regardant Argent 
attired Or gored with a chaplet of laurel Vert, and vulned on the 
shoulder Gules. 

I. Thomas Cornwallis*. Of London, merchant. Married Jane 
da. of William Hansard. He was Shrive [Shrieve or Sheriff] of 
London temp. Richard II [1378] and was born in Ireland whence this 
surname cometh. He died in 1384 and was buried at St. Margaret's 
in the Vintry. Son and heir: 

II. John Cornwallis2. Married Phillippe de. and one of the heirs 
of Robert Buckton [Bucton] of Brome, Suff., esq. Issue son and 

III. Thomas Cornwalliss f Brome. Married Phillippe da. and 
one of the heirs of Edward Tyrrell of Dowham, Essex, esq. Issue 
(1) John*, son and heir d.s. p. [1506]; (2) Edward*, d.s. p. [1510]; 
(3) Robert*, d . s . p . ; (4) William*— see IV; (5) Katherine* married 
Francis Frewsmere. 

IV. William Cornwallis* of Brome. Married Eliza da. and one of 
the heirs of John Stamford, esq. [Burke refers to him as Sir William 
Cornwallis which is doubtless an error as regards the title, and 
states that he died in 1519. This date is confirmed by the probate 
in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1519, of the will of William 
Cornewalys, esquire, of Ocley (i. e. Oakley adjoining Brome) Suffolk; 


London; Bedfordshire; Norfolk]. Issue (1) Sir John Cornwallis 5 of 
Brome, married Mary da. of Edward Sulyard of Otes, Essex, esq. 
knighted at the taking of Morley [Morlaix — 1523]. He was Steward 
of the Household of Prince Edward [afterwards Edward VI] for six 
years until his death [died 1544]. Buried in Barkshamsted in 
Bucks [Herts]. He had issue by his wife Mary Sulyard, among 
other children, Sir Thomas Cornwallis^, knight, Member of Queen 
Mary's Privy Council, Treasurer of Calles [Calais] and Comtroller 
of Her Majesty's Household; (2) Thomas Cornwallis 5 , Archdeacon 
of Norfolk; (3) Edward Cornwallis 5 ; (4) William Cornwallis 5 ; 

(5) Francis Cornwallis 5 ; (6) Elizabeth Cornwallis 5 married 

Singleton; (7) V. Affra Cornwallis 5 married Sir Anthony Aucher of 
Otterdon [Otterden], Kent, kt, [and is the ancestress of the Love- 
laces of Bethersden]; (8) Dorothy Cornwallis 5 married John Head of 
Kent; (9) Katharine Carnwallis 5 , a nonne [nun] of Elstow [a 
Benedictine nunnery near Bedford]; (10) Prudence Cornwallis 5 

married Royden Eden; (11) Edith Cornwallis 5 married 


For the Cornwallis pedigree from this point down, see Burke's 
Extinct Peerages (ed. 1866; pp. 137-8), Collins's Peerage of Eng- 
land (ed. 1812; ii; pp. 537-559), and The Dictionary of National 
Biography (xii; pp. 242-7). Sir Thomas Cornwalliss (1519-1604) 
son of Sir John Cornwallis 5 , and nephew of Affra (Cornwallis 5 ) 
Aucher, was prominent in the reign of Mary, but held no offices 
under Elizabeth on account of his Catholicism. He rebuilt Brome 
Hall. His grandson Frederick Cornwalliss was created a baronet 
in 1627, and elevated to the peerage as Baron Cornwallis of Eyre 
in 1611; and the fifth baron, Charles Cornwallisis, was in 1753 made 
Viscount Brome and Earl Cornwallis. The latter's son, Charles 
Cornwallis^ (1738-1805), second Earl and first Marquis Cornwallis, 
was the celebrated Lord Cornwallis, the British commander in the 
American Revolution. 

Collins (p. 541) gives very full quotations from the will of Wil- 
liam Cornwallis 4 of Brome, dated 8 November, 1519, and probated 
29 November, 1519. He makes a bequest to the parish church of 
Brome and requests to be buried in the church of St. Nicholas, in 
the adjoining parish of Oakley. He names his wife Elizabeth and 
his eldest son John and refers to, but apparently does not name, his 
other sons. He names his daughters Prudence, Edith, Affra, Cath- 
erine and Dorothy, apparently all unmarried at the time of his 
death. Collins also refers to a will of his widow Elizabeth Corn- 
wallis of Thrandeston, dated 30 May, 1537, but does not quote from 
it. Collins states incorrectly that it was his daughter Frances who 
married Sir Anthony Aucher*. 



The Wroth and Aucher families are connected through the mar- 
riage in 1560 of Edward Aucher (1539?-1568) of Bishopsbourne, 
Kent (see ante pp. 378-381) and Mabel, the daughter of Sir Thomas. 
Wroth (1516-1573), knight, of Enfield, Middlesex. This Sir Thorns 
Wroth, who was very prominent in public affairs in the reigns of 
Henry VIII, Edward VI and Elizabeth, married Mary daughter of 
Richard, first lord Rich of Leez, lord chancellor under Edward VI 
(see note on Rich post, p. 390). 

The father of Sir Thomas Wroth (1516-1573) was Robert Wroth 
( -1536) of Durrants in Enfield. This Robert Wroth was attor- 
ney of the Duchy of Lancaster, and one of the commissioners 
appointed in 1529 to enquire into the possessions of Cardinal Wol- 
sey; and sat for Middlesex in the reformation parliament (1529- 
1535). He married Jane, the widow of Thomas Goodere and the 
daughter of Sir Thomas Hawte of Haute Court, Kent, and died in 
1536. A full pedigree of the Hawte or Haute family carried back 
to the reign of Henry III will be found in the Visitation of Kent, 
1619, (Harl. Soc. Publ. xlii; 214). The Wroths claim descent from 
William de Wrotham, constable of Dover Castle in the reign of King 
John, whose descendant John Wroth in the reign of Edward III 
was shrive or sheriff of London in 1331, lord mayor in 1361, and 
representative of Middlesex in several parliaments. Either through 
his marriage or the marriage of his son Thomas, for the old pedi- 
grees vary as to this point, with Maud the daughter and heir of 
Thomas Durant (d. 1348), who built Durrants in Enfield, this 
became the seat of the Wroth family in Middlesex.* 

The following sketch of Sir Thomas Wroth, whose daughter 
Mabel married Edward Aucher, is taken largely from the Diction- 
ary of National Biography (Ixiii, 163-5). While this sketch and the 
other published pedigrees make brief reference to his seven sons, 
neither the names nor any information whatever is given in regard 

* The pedigTees of Wroth, none of which appear to have been com- 
piled before the seventeenth century, are so conflicting as to the early 
lines that it seems inadvisable to select arbitrarily any one and reproduce 
it in detail here. The interested reader is referred to the following 
visitation pedigrees of this family : Visitation of Essex, 1612 (Harl. Soc. 
Pxibl. xiii ; 33), Middlesex Pedigrees (Harl. Soc. Publ. lxv ; 17) and 
Visitation of London, 16S3, 163k, 1635 (Harl. Soc. Publ. xvii ; 374). The 
pedigrees which appear in various county and local histories are equally 
conflicting and unreliable. There is still another pedigree tracing the 
family from a Geoffrey de Wrotham who flourished in the reign of King 
Stephen (1135-1154). This chart pedigree which appears in full in the 
Archaeologia Cantiana (xii; 310-16) was filed as evidence in a chancery 
suit commenced in 1788 by William Henry, Earl of Rochford and John 
Lane, esq., plaintiffs, against Sir John Dashwood, King, baronet, the 
Baroness Le Despencer and others, defendants, to dispossess them of 
certain old Wroth estates in Enfield, Middlesex. The suit was won by 
the plaintiffs. The whole question should be restudied by modern methods 
of genealogical research. 


to the seven daughters whose existence we learn of through his 
will. The writer has fortunately been able to secure from the 
probate records an abstract of this will which has not been previ- 
ously published, and which adds much to our knowledge of him 
and his descendants. 

Thomas Wroth, the eldest son of Robert Wroth, of Durrants in 
Enfield, and his wife Jane Hawte, was born in 1516, and upon the 
death of his father in 1536, inherited Durrants. He was a ward of 
the king. He was educated at St. Johns College, Cambridge and in 
1536 became a student of law at Gray's Inn. October 4, 1536, his 
wardship and marriage was granted by Henry VIII to Thomas 
Cromwell. In 1539 Sir Richard Rich, later Lord Rich and Chan- 
cellor of England, paid Cromwell three hundred marks for the 
right of disposing of Wroth in marriage, and provided for his third 
daughter Mary by betrothing her to him. Wroth, 24 April, 1540, 
granted livery of his lands, and in that and the following year 
Rich secured for Wroth the manor of Highbury, forfeited by Crom- 
well, and the manors of Beymondhall, Herts, and lands in Chestnut, 
Wormley and Enfield, belonging to various dissolved monasteries. 

Wroth went to parliament, 18 December, 1544, as one of the 
knights of the shire for Middlesex, and appears to have again repre- 
sented Middlesex from 1547 to 1552. Through the influence of his 
father in law he was appointed in 1545 one of the gentlemen of the 
bed chamber of Prince Edward and retained this position during 
all of Edward's reign, and was knighted, 22 February, 1546-7. He 
was sent by the king with a letter of congratulation to the Protector 
upon the victory of Pinkie, September, 1547, and July, 1548, was a 
witness against Bishop Gardiner for his sermon preached at St. 
Paul's. Upon the Protector's fall Wroth was appointed one of the 
four principal gentlemen of the privy chamber, his ordinary salary 
of £50 being doubled to help ensure his fidelity to Warwick. On 
the day of the Protector's execution he was sent to Sion House to 
report on the number and ages of Somerset's children and ser- 
vants, and 7 June, Wroth was given a twenty-one year's lease of 
Sion House, which however he surrendered later for charitable 
purposes. He was granted, 24 July, 1550, the manors of Barfield, 
Chigwell and West Ham in Essex. He was appointed, 14 April, 
1551, joint lord lieutenant of Middlesex with Paget, and in the last 
year of Edward's reign was one of the commissioners for the lord- 
lieutenancy of Middlesex, and knight of the shire in Edward's last 
parliament. Although he never actually became a member of the 
Privy Council, he was one of those whom Edward proposed in 
March, 1551-2 to "call in commission." He was a great favorite of 
King Edward, who is said to have died in his arms. Wroth was in 
1552 on a commission for the recovery of the king's debts, and this 
same year was one of the "adventurers" in a voyage to Morocco. 


Wroth signed the king's letters patent limiting the crown to Lady 
Jane Grey, but took no other part in Northumberland's insurrection. 
He was committed to the Tower, 27 July, 1553, but was released. 
Although urged by Lord John Grey, Jan. 27, 1553-4, to join Suffolk's 
rising, Wroth escaped to the continent, probably by royal license 
obtained through the influence of his father-in-law Lord Rich from 
Queen Mary. He remained at Frankford and Strassburg during the 
remainder of Mary's reign, but on Elizabeth's accession he returned 
to England. He again represented Middlesex, 29 December, 1558, 
as knight of the shire, and was appointed in 1562 special commis- 
sioner on the government of Ireland, being in Dub in in 1563 and 
1564. In 1569 he was commissioner for the musters in Middlesex 
and for the lord-lieutenancy of London. Wroth's will shows that 
he held numerous manors in addition to those already referred to, 
which he had doubtlessly acquired by purchase. The date of his 
death, 9 October, 1573, as given in the Dictionary of National 
Biography, is probably incorrect, as this is the date of the codicil 
of his will, which was not probated until 16 April, 1575. He there- 
fore probably died early in 1575. 

The will of Sir Thomas Wroth, dated 5 October, 1573, with a 
codicil as just stated, dated 9 October, 1573, was proved in the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury, 16 April, 1575 (Pyckering, 16). Al- 
though the will is a very lengthy one, it seems advisable to give a 
full abstract of its contents, both on account of the additional light 
it throws upon Wroth and his descendants, and as a picture of the 
times which it presents. His directions for a simple funeral throw 
an interesting sidelight upon his character ,and his desire that the 
"gilt boll pinked with a cover that King Edward gave me" should 
descend with Durrants, the principal family seat, shows the great 
value which this evidence of his sovereign's favor possessed in his 

Will of Thomas Wrothe of Enfeld, co. Middlesex, knight, 
5 October, 1573. I desire to be buried where I die "with- 
out all sumptuousness either of herroldrie other than my 
armes upon my herse or of blackes but onlie my frendes 
children and servauntes in their usuall aparrell bringing 
my bodie to the place of buriall." I bequeath to my eldest 
son, Robert, my manors and lordships of Bardfeld Magna, 
Chigwell & Westhatche, co. Essex, with all the lands there- 
unto belonging, being a full third part of all my manors & 
lands. Whereas by Indenture dated 1 December, 10 Eliz. 
made between me, Sir Thomas Wrothe, of one part & Sir 
Robert Riche, Knt., Lord Riche r Peter Osborne esqr. & Wil- 
liam Wrothe, gent, of the other, it was covenanted that 
within one year from that date I should convey by fine, 
feoffment or recovery to the said parties the manor and 


park of North Petherton, co. Somerset & all lands, fishings, 
rights, &c. thereunto belonging, all which I have since con- 
veyed to the said parties & I devise the same to the per- 
sons to whom the uses thereof are limited by the said In- 
dentures. I bequeath to Marie, my beloved wife, the Manors 
of Durantes and Gortons with appurtenances in Enfeld, co. 
Middlesex, the manor of Twying co. Herts, the Manor of 
Newton Pleycis als Newton Wrothe, co. Somerset & all my 
messuages and lands called Cranes or Cranes Farme in En- 
feld & the lands called Breknox in Chestnut, co. Herts, 
& all other my messuages, lands, &c. in Enfeld, Edmonton 
als Eddmeton, co. Middx., in Twyng, co. Herts, & in New- 
ton Pleycis als Newton Wrothe & Netherperton, co. Somer- 
set, other than the premises already conveyed, as aforesaid, 
to have & to hold to my said wife, for term of her life & on 
her decease the same to my executors for 21 years to pay 
my debts & perform my legacies, & after that the same to 
my son, Robert, in tail male, in default to my son Richard, 
in tail male, in default to my son Thomas, in tail male, 
to my son Edward in tail male, to my male issue, in de- 
fault to the male issue of Robert Wrothe Esqr. my late 
father, in default to my right heirs. I bequeath to my 
executors the manor & parsonage of Hampstead, co. Middx., 
& the manors of Narthall and Downebarnes, co. Middx., the 
manor of Bishop's Lydiard co. Somerset, the manor of They- 
don Bois, co. Essex, & all lands, &c. to the said manors be- 
longing, for 21 years, to pay my debts and legacies, & after 
this term, the same to be divided amongst my children, then 
living at their ages of 21. I bequeath tc my daughters, 
Elizabeth, Anne, Marie & Frances Wrothe, to such as shall 
not be married before my death, £400 each, & £40 each in 
ready money "towards everie of their charges of their wed- 
ding apparrell and dynner." To my younger sons, Rich- 
ard, Thomas, Edward, John, Gerson & Peter Wrothe £500 
each, at their ages of 22; if any die ,his portion to be di- 
vided among the survivors. To my daughter, Mabell 
Hardres, wife of Richard Hardres, esquire, £20. To my 
daughter, Judith Burgoine, wife of Robert Burgoyne, es- 
quire, £20. To my daughter, Wynefred Goddard, wife of 
Thomas Goddard, esquire, £20. To William Wrothe, son of 
my brother John Wrothe, deceased, £20, at his age of 24. 
To my brother Oliver Wrothe's daughters, Margerie and 
Suzan Wrothe, £20 each at their days of marriage or age 
of 21. To my sister, Dorothey Lewkenor, widow, £20. To 
my sister, Dame Anne Penruddock, now wife of Sir George 
Penrudock, Knt, £10. I will that my wife Marie, shall 


have for term of her life the custody & occupation of all 
my household goods at Enfeld, excepting my plate, corn, 
cattle & hay, & after her death the same to such person as 
the manor of Durantes shall appertain; to my said wife 
£100 & so much plate as is worth £100. To each of my 
servants one whole year's wages. I desire my wife to have 
the bringing up of my unmarried daughters, she to have £10 
a year for each of them. I desire my executors shall have 
the bringing up of my younger sons & until the death of 
Sir Morrice Barkley, Knt., who has the custody of the park 
of North Petherton co. Somerset, shall have not more than 
£20 a year for each such son until his lawful age, for the 
which & the payment of my legacies my executors shall 
take the rents & profits of all lands being demesne lands 
of Hiburie, co. Middxs. as I now have by lease of the Queen, 
except the three last years of the said lease which I give 
to my younger sons. I bequeath to my executors my manor 
of Bassets fee in co. Sussex, my wood & woodground called 
Strodewick Woods belonging to the same, my wood & other 
ground called Charterhouse Wood in Tottenham, co. Middxs, 
my reversion of the ground, wood & pasture, called Roughe 
Cattail in the parish of Chestnut, co. Herts, which latter 
ground I have in reversion after the death of my said sister 
Dame Anne Penruddock, to sell the same to pay my debts & 
legacies, but if my son Robert, his male issue, or in default, 
my next male heir, pay my executors £250, then my said 
bequest of the ground call Roughe Cattail shall be void & 
the same shall remain to such person as pays the same; & 
if my said heir pays £300 the bequest of Charterhouse 
wood shall be void & he shall have the same. To my son 
Robert, my lease of the parsonage of Enfeld which I hold 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, for 60 years to begin imme- 
diately after the expiration of John Buttes lease, he to 
pay my executors £50, towards the finding of my younger 
children; I also bequeath to him my lease of a house in 
Warwick Lane, London, which I hold of the Dean & Chap- 
ter of St. Paul's, London, he to pay my executors £400. I 
bequeath to my wife Marie, for life, & after her decease to 
the heir male of my body, in tail male, my meadow in 
Enfeld, called Little Lothersey, which I bought of my 
nephew Cock, & my pasture at Milmarshe Gate that Stock- 
ell now holds, which I bought of one Wright, of Edmonton 
& all other my lands in Enfeld, not before bequeathed. 
Whereas my younger son, Edmond, is bound prentice & to 
get his living by merchandise, I bequeath to him £300, part 
of his legacy of £500, one year after his years of apprentice- 


ship shall expire, £100 being already delivered to his mas- 
ter, Francis Wotton, by William Smith, late of London, 
mercer, when he bound apprentice. To bequeath to such 
person as the manor of Durants shall come, all my leases 
of lands in Enfeld, as are parcel of the Duchy of Lancas- 
ter & also "the bason and ewer of sylver which my father 
gave me and one gilt boll pinked with a Cover that Kyng 
Edward gave me and myne owne harneys for my bodie and 
also all myne other armor and weapon for warre and all 
my bookes and also my sealing ringe." All the residue 
of my plate, goods & chattels to be sold for the performance 
of my will. I will that there be a strong chest bought 
with locks which shall stand in my loving friend's house 
Mr. Peter Osborne, "eche of my executours havinge a son- 
dine keye so as none shall open the Chest but by the con- 
sent of the whole into which chest all suche somes of 
money as shall growe to myne executours for the per- 
formaunce of my will shalbe Laied to be kept untill suche 
tyme as they have occasion according to this my will to 
defraie and laie out the same." I make my friends, Mr. 
Peter Osborne, esquire, my cousin James Morrice, esquire, 
my brother William Wroth, gent, & my friend William 
Clerk gent, my executors & give to each £20. If my ward, 
Anthony Aucher, before his age of 21 years pay my execu- 
tors so much money for his marriage & wardship as I or 
they have disbursed, then my executors shall not take any 
further benefit, but the said Anthony to remain unmarried, 
or marry himself at his pleasure. 

Signed: Thomas Wrothes. Witnesses: — Robert Hayes, 
Toulke Heath, George Tenacre. 

Codicil dated 9 October, 1573. I bequeath to my execu- 
tors the lands I late purchased to me & my heirs for ever 
of the heirs of Henry Iden esquire, deceased, in Islington, 
co. Middxs, in trust for my nephew, William Wrothe, son 
& heir of my late brother John Wrothe, & the heirs of the 
said William for ever, he to pay for the cost of purchasing 
the same. To my daughters, Elizabeth, Anne & Marye, 
"for their naturall paines taken ever aboute me and chief- 
lie in this my last sickness" £60 each, & £60 to my daughter 
Frances because she is youngest & least able to provide for 
herself. I forgive Richard Childs, my servant & bailiff, 
all the money he owes me upon his accounts. I will that 
my wife shall not take the bequest of £100 in money & 
£100 in plate unless she permit my executors to take the 
whole benefit of the bequest made to her by Lord Rich, as 
to one of his daughters. 


Witnesses: Henry Knolls, Hector Nunes, Robert Bur- 
goine, George Tenacre, Robert Blowen, John Ansley. 
Proved: — 16 April, 1575, by Master Christopher Robinson, 
public notary, proctor to the executors named in the will. 

Sir Thomas Wroth, who had married in 1539 or 1540, Mary 
daughter of Richard, Lord Rich of Leez, is shown by the will to 
have left by her seven sons and seven daughters. The statement 
made in several of the old visitation pedigrees that all the sons 
except Robert and Thomas died without issue is open to doubt. 


1. Robert Wroth of Durrants in Enfield, Middlesex. Born about 
1540; died 1606. He married Susan, daughter of Francis 
Stonard (or Stoner) of Lough ton, Essex, by whom he left 
issue, which carried down the Durrants line. 

2. Richard Wroth. Living 1573. Not traced. 

3. Thomas Wroth. Died 1610. He was of the Inner Temple, 
London; he acquired a considerable fortune and was later 
of Blundenhall, Kent. He married Joane daughter and co- 
heir of Thomas (or John) Bullman(or Bulmer) of London. 

4. Edward (or Edmond) Wroth. Living 1573. Not traced. 

5. John Wroth. Living 1573. Not traced. 

6. Gerson Wroth. Living 1573. Not traced. 

7. Peter Wroth. Living 1573. Not traced. 

8. Mabel Wroth. Probably the eldest daughter and born about 
1542. She died in 1597. She married 1st, 10 June 1560, Ed- 
ward Aucher of Bishopsbourne, Kent, by whom she had issue 
(1) Sir Anthony Aucher and (2) Elizabeth Aucher mar. Sir 
William Lovelace (1561-1629), the elder, of Bethersden. Mabel 
Wroth married 2nd, about 1571-1572, Richard Hardres of 
Hardres, Kent. For full details of her and her Aucher de- 
scendants see ante pages 378-381. No attempt has been made 
to trace her Hardres descendants. 

9. Judith Wroth. Married prior to 1573 Robert Burgoyne. Not 

10. Wynefred Wroth. Married prior to 1573 Thomas Goddard. 
Not traced. 

11. Elizabeth Wroth. Unmarried in 1573. Not traced. 

12. Anne Wroth. Unmarried in 1573. Not traced. 

* The Visitation of Essex, 1612 (Harl. Soc. Publ. xlii, 33), which alone 
of the old pedigrees refers to any daughters, gives only one daughter, 

Margaret, who is stated to have married 1st Izacke and 2nd 

Thomas Wyatt of Barkyn, Essex. This is probably an error as It is 
entirely unsupported by the will, which makes no mention of a daughter 


13. Marie Wroth. Unmarried in 1573. Not traced. 

14. Frances Wroth. Unmarried in 1573. Not traced. 


Mary, the daughter of Richard Rich, first baron Rich of Leez (or 
Leighs), Essex, and lord chancellor in the reign of Edward VI, 
married in 1539, Sir Thomas Wroth of Enfield. While the life of 
Lord Rich may be found in full in such general works as the 
Encyclopedia Brittanica, the Dictionary of National Biography and 
Campbell's Lives of the Lord Chancellors, a few brief notes here on 
the career of this talented but not over scrupulous nobleman will 
be of interest to his very numerous American descendants. 

Richard Rich, first baron Rich and lord chancellor, the son 
of Richard Rich of London and his wife Joan Dingley, was 
born about 1496 in the parish of St. Lawrence, Jewry. His 
first appearance in public life was on the commission of the 
peace in Hertfordshire in 1528, and in the year following he 
was a reader of law in the Middle Temple. He was knighted 
in 1533 and became solicitor general, acting as a "lesser ham- 
mer" under Thomas Cromwell in the suppression of the monas- 
teries. He took a discreditable part in the trials of Bishop Fisher 
and Sir Thomas More. Although an acquaintance of the latter's 
in the Temple in former days, he misrepresented a friendly conver- 
sation to secure his conviction and was charged by More with being 
light of tongue, a perjurer, a great dicer and gamster and of not 
commendable fame. Rich was in 1536 made first chancellor of the 
recently created Court of Augmentations and acquired from Henry 
VIII as his share of the spoils nearly a hundred manors in Essex. 
Anne Askew testified that Rich personally screwed the rack at her 
torture. Rich was under the will of Henry VIII appointed one of 
the executors to administer the kingdom during Edward's minority. 
He was created Baron Rich of Leez (or Leighs) February, 1547-8, 
and in the following month became lord chancellor. 

At first a supporter of Protector Somerset, Rich in October, 1549, 
deserted to the Earl of Warwick (later Duke of Northumberland), 
whose son Sir Henry Dudley had married Rich's daughter Winifred, 
and he afterwards presided over the trial of Somerset. He resigned 
as chancellor in 1551, on the ground of ill health, and with the 
exception of an occasional appearance in the Privy Council in the 
reign of Mary, and when summoned by Elizabeth for consultation 
about her proposed marriage, he rarely in his latter days appeared 
at Court. 

His principal residence was Leez, or Leighs Priory, in Essex. He 
died at Rockford, Essex, 12 June, 1567, and is buried in Felsted 
^church, where there is an elaborate monument to his memory. 


Rich was a Roman catholic at heart, for although he aided Henry 
VIII in despoiling the monasteries, and assisted in dispossessing 
bishops Bonner and Gardiner in the reign of Edward VI, when 
Mary was on the throne he founded a chaplaincy providing for the 
singing of masses in Felsted church. He appears however to have 
been equally detested by catholic and protestant alike. In 1564 he 
established Felsted school. 

Rich had by his wife Elizabeth Jenks (or Gynkes), daughter of 
William Jenks of London, a wealthy grocer, fourteen, or according 
to other accounts, fifteen children. It has also been stated that he 
had four illegitimate children. His grandson Robert, third Lord 
Rich, was created Earl of Warwick in 1618. The latter's son of the 
same name and title was a prominent puritan and took an active 
part in the affairs of the Virginia Company and of the New England 
Companies. In the Visitation of Essex, 1552 and 1612 (Harl. Soc. 
xiii; 13, 276) and in SargeaunVs History of Felsted School, 1889, 
will be found rather full details of Chancellor Rich's children and 
their descendants. 

The descent of Chancellor Rich as given in Burke's Extinct 
Baronetage (2nd ed. 1861; p. 441) and in the Dictionary of National 
Biography (xlviii; pp. 123-6), traces his origin to (1) Richard Rich, 
sheriff of London in 1441, whose second son was (II) Thomas Rich 
of London, whose son (III) Richard Rich married Joan Dingley 
and had a son (IV) Richard Rich, first baron Rich of Leez and 
lord chancellor. The early Rich pedigree as given in the Visitation 
of Essex, 1612, is obviously absurd as it makes the Lord Chancellor, 
who was born in 1496, the son of a John Rich who died in 1458. 

The Rich arms are: Gules, a chevron between three cross cross- 
lets or [Rich]. Azure, two bars argent, each charged with a mart- 
let between two crosslets sable, on a chief or a rose between two 
fleur de lis gules [Jenks]. 

Children of Richard, first baron Rich of Leez, and his wife Eliza- 
beth Jenks: 

Sons : 

(1) Robert Rich, second baron Rich; born about 1537; died 
1581; married Elizabeth daughter and heir of George Bal- 
drey, alderman, of London. His son Robert, the third 
baron, was in 1618 created Earl of Warwick. Richard 
Rich, soldier, adventurer and author of Newes from Vir- 
ginia, published in 1610, is supposed to have been the 
illegitimate son of Robert Rich, the second baron. 

(2) Thomas Rich. Married Fisher and died before 

his father. 

(3) Sir Hugh Rich, Knight of the Bath. Married Ann. daugh- 
ter of John Wentworth of Codham. 


Daughters : 

(4) Margery Rich. Married Henry Pigot of Abington, Cam- 

(5) Mary Rich. Married in 1539 Thomas Wroth, knight, of 
Durrants in Enfield, Essex. She was living in 1573. Her 
marriage to Wroth is referred to in his will and in all 
contemporary pedigrees. Their daughter Mabel Wroth 
through her marriage with Edward Aucher was the an- 
cestress of the Lovelaces of Bethersden. See Aucher and 
Wroth ante pages 378, 379, 384. 

(6) Anne Rich. Married Thomas Pigot (Picot) esq. of Straton, 

(7) Dorothy Rich. Married Francis Barley of Kinton, Herts. 

(8) Ethelred Rich. Married Henry Drury, esq. of Hawsted 
[Halstead], Suffolk. 

(9) Audrey Rich. Married Robert son and heir of Sir William 
Drewry, knight, of Halstead, Suffolk. 

(10) Elizabeth Rich. Married Robert Peyton, esq., of Iselham 
[Isleham?], Cambridgeshire. 

(11) Winifred Rich. Married 1st Henry Dudley, son of the Duke 
of Northumberland; 2nd Roger, Lord North; a descendant 
of this marriage was the celebrated Lord North, prime min- 
ister of George III during the American Revolution. 

(12) Frances Rich. Married John, Lord Darcy of Chiche. 

(13) Agnes Rich. Married Edmund Mordaunt of Thunderly, 

(14) Barbara Rich. 

(To be continued) 

Pages 393-396 - Title page and Contents. 


Titles of Separate Articles are Indicated in Small Capitals. 

Aary, 264 

Abele, 157, 262 

Abernathy, 162, 328 

Abigail, ship, 100, 223, 324, 325 

Abington, 392 

Aboy, 150 

Abrahams, 261 

Academy, The, 202 

Accohannock Neck, 142 

Accomac Co., 65, 81, 108, 142, 143, 

223, 326 
Ackworth, 150 
Acquia, 368 
Acree, 261, 263, 360 
Adams, 7, 153. 157, 257, 263, 328, 

344. 351, 360 
Adderley, 236 
Adderstey, 144 
Adderston, 143 
Addison, 149 
Aden, 9 
Adie, 72 
Adkins, 209, 328 
Ady, 137 
Africa, 41 

African Company, Royal, 41 
Aggas, 139 
Agheart, 360 
Ahart, 258, 261 
Akins, 209 
Albany, 23, 24, 170 
Albemarle County, Mineral 

Lands In, 1749, 226 ; County, 

30, 32, 81 ; Parish, 161 ; Sound, 

Albourne, 105 
Alchin, 130 
Alcock, 157 
Aldridge, 328 
Aldy, 209 
Alesworth, 148 
Alexandria, 374 
Alford, 326 
Allen, 58, 67, 171, 209, 218, 258, 

264, 344, 345 

All Hallows, 180 

Allington, 7, 101, 321, 342 

Allison, 11, 248 

Allogon, 143 

Ally, 328 

Almond, 62 

Alsace, 275 

Alstone, 129 

Amelia Co., 81, 82, 168, 328 

Ames, 150 

Amherst Co., 81, 170, 254 

Ancell, 261 

Ancil, 258 

Anderson, 58, 60, 155, 156, 162, 

168, 258, 261, 264, 265, 328, 360, 

Anderway, 150 

Andrews, 106, 108, 139, 143, 208 
Anerg, 150 
Ansel, 156 
Ansley, 389 
Anthony, 379 
Antigua, 367 
Antingham, 135 
Aplegate, 349 
Appeals, 43 
Appleton, 238 
Appomattox, 16, 25, 101, 102; 

Court House, 199 
Appue, 150 
Archaeologia Cantiana. 286, 287, 

Archbold, 128 
Archer, 209; 's Hope Creek, 

Views at. Illustration, 106a. ; 

Hope, 66, 98, 107 
Argall, 343 
Argyll Road 370 
Armitage, 151 
Armistead, 58, 367, 369 
Armstrong, 148, 151 
Arnall, 265 
Arnold, 259 
Arrington, 282 
Arundel, 341 



Ascough, 208 
Ashbrook, 209 
Asher, 30 
Ashpoole, 36 
Askew, 390 
Astin, 150 
Atkin, 218 
Atkins, 167, 262 
Atkinson, 144, 258, 374 
Atlantic Monthly, 202 
Aton, 179 
At Towne, 287 
Auborne, 186 
Aubrey, 250 


opsbourne, Kent; 285 et seq., 
375 et seq., Arms, 285, 287, 
Arms, Illustration, 285; Sir 
Anthony, epitaph, 295 ; James, 
will (1509) 291; John, will 
(1502), 289 

Augusta Co., 80, 81, 172 

Austen, 86, 152, 180, 261, 264 

Austin Friars, Canterbury, 292 

A vent, 162 

Avery, 328 

Awdley, 37 

Awgar, 138 

Aylesbury, Earl of, 226 

Aylett, 61, 134 

Ayleway, 18 

Backhouse, 29 

"Backwood", 375 

Bacon, 17, 19, 40, 118, 140, 187, 

358; 's Rebellion, 226 
Baddlesmere, 376, 377 
Badget, 249 
Badullor, 147 
Bagge, 116 
Bagley, 138 
Bailey, 165, 210, 257, 259, 261, 326, 

Bainam, 165 
Bainbrig, 35, 37, 149 
Baispoole, 29 
Baker, 85, 152, 245, 325 
Baldrey, 391 
Ball, 60, 71, 72, 74, 76 
Balland, 156, 257 
Ballard, 152, 258 
Baltimore, 83, 84, 178, 311, 375 
Bancloigh, 67 
Bancroft, 54 
Banden, 141 

Bangler, 157 

Banham, 138 

Banier, 165 

Banister, 128, 129, 266, 273, 339; 

John, ill (1650) with Note, 128; 

John, Letter to Elisha Tup- 

per, 1775, 266 et seq. 
Banks, 97, 261 
Barbadoes, 184, 237, 367 
Barbar, 180 

Barber, 150, 278, 279, 280 
Barboddenden, 180 
Barbour, 61, 73, 261, 264 
Bardfield Magna, 385 
Barebones, 345 
Barfield, 384 
Barge, 259 

Barham, 83, 286, 287, 291, 377, 380 
Barker, 67, 86, 134, 221, 324, 325 
Barkshamsted, 382 
Barley, 392 
Barls, 144, 329 
Barne, 90, 176, 182, 380 
Barnes, 73, 99, 146, 147, 148, 178, 

181, 280 
Barnett, 223 
Barow, 150 
Barrett, 60, 146, 254 
Barrier ,352 

Barrington, 134, 179, 345 
Barror, 162, 255, 359 
Bartholomew, 329 
Bartley, 103 
Barton, 151, 262 
Barwyke, 382 
Bashe, 37 
Baskervill, vi 
Baskin, 389 

Bass's Choice, 221, 324 
Bassett, 140, 298; 's Fee, 182 
Bastard, 282 
Batcheler, 28 
Bates, 264, 329, 339 
Bath, Earl of, 226 
Batoon, 237 
Batte, 35, 329, 339 
"Battersea", 266 
Batts, 37 
Batutt, 63 
Baugh, 167, 209 
Baughan, 256, 264 
Baulie, 107 
Bayfield, 136 
Baylor, vi 
Bayly, 283, 209 
Beadles, 156, 261, 263, 360 



Beale, 71, 73, 262, 280, 368, 369, 

Beatrisden, 89 

Beauchamp, 370, 373; Earl, 282 

Beazeley, 153, 258, 259, 264, 265, 

Beck, 329 

Becket, 155, 262 

Beckham, 256 

Beckwith, 280 

Beddingfieldhall, 162 

Beddington, 130 

Bedford Co., 80, 81, 349, 382; 
'Shire, 382, 392 

Bedgebury, 293, 377 

Bedlam, 35 

Bedlin, 144 

Bedsolt, 351 

Beere Church, 33 

Beets, 149 

Beirnham, 143 

Belfield, 369 

Belkes, 142 

Bell, 152, 261, 264 

Bellingham, 131 

Belschers, 67 

Belvoir, vii 

Benedictine, 382 

Benford, 329 

Benners, 69 

Bennett, 34, 36, 97 

Benton, 148, 282 

Berace, 151 

Berkeley, 46, 48, 65, 81, 103, 105, 
184, 230, 298, 387; Hundred, 

Berkshire, 186 

Bermuda, 40, 307 

Bernard, 375 

Berry, 70, 73, 130, 183, 263, 279, 
286, 287, 343, 376; 's Genealo- 
gies, 318, 380; 's Kent, 29 

Bescom, 257 

Bess, 154 

Bestreete, 136 

Bethersden, 84, 86, 87, 88, 90, 129, 
176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 
183, 184, 186, 285, 380, 382, 389, 

Bettes, 27 

Beverly, 78, 122, 124, 126, 127, 187, 
210, 316, 317 

Beverstone Castle, 103 

Bevill, 209 

Bewell, 85 

Beymondhall, 384 

Bickers, 259, 262, 264 

Bickley, 97, 277 

Bicknell, 78 

Biggers, 256, 360 

Biggins, 329 

Billinghurst, 35 

Bingham, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 

160, 258, 259, 262, 263, 264, 265, 

Binneman, 84 
Bird, 180 

Birkett, 29, 163, 329 
Bishop, 156, 329 
Bishopbourne, 87, 187, 285, 291, 

293, 295, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 

380; 's Gate, 35; 's Lydiard, 

386; of Rochester, 28 
Black, 130, 148, 152, 155, 156; 

Friars, Canterbury, 292; -ford, 

149 ; -heath, 341 ; -man, 209 ; 

Prince, 287; Water, 16; -well, 

71, 72, 152, 157, 210; -'sburg, 

276; -stone, vii 
Blackerly, 258 
Blagrove, 67 
Blaine, 151 
Blair, 16, 22 

Blaithwait, 13, 18, 19, 20, 22 
Blakey, 152, 192, 192a, 263, 246, 

263, 264 
Bland, 29, 31, 249, 250, 329, 354, 

355; John, note on, 354; Mrs., 

Order in Regard to, 1683, 314, 

et seq. ; -ford, 340; Church, 68 
Blank, 62 
Blay, 151 
Blechenden, 180 
Bledsoe, 155 
Blessing, ship, 100 
Blick, 167 
Blitchodin, 329 
Blouser, 142 
Blower, 5, 389 
Blue Stone, 173, 242; Mountains, 

Blumfield, 139 
Blundenhall, 389 
Blunt, 145, 167, 257, 281; Point, 

Bobbit, 353 
Boddie, vi 
Bodiniell, 141 
Bodmin, 141 
Boice, 9 
Boles, 137 
Bolithoe, 175 



Boiling, 209, 329 

Bonall, 324 

Bona Nova (ship) 327, 220 

Bond, 63 

Bonner, 391 

Bookman, 262 

Books, 368 

Boone Co., 79; -sborough, 55 

Booth, 151 

Bordesfield, 288 

Borlase, 345 

Borough, 283 

Borton, 157 

Boston, 268, 270, 360, 361 

Boswell, 156 

Boteshams, 28 

Botetourt Co., 81, 243 

Bottom, 209 

Boturnell, 240 

Boule, 27, 291 

Boulogne, 294 

Boush, 59, 61, 251, 252, 253, 291. 

Bousser, 143 
Bowden, 146, 367 
Bowdoin, 267, 273 
Bowen, 149, 152 
Bowker, 144 
Bowler, 143 

Bowles, 132, 133, 137, 144 
Bowman, 209 
Bowrey, 68 
Bowyer, 36, 341, 342 

Boyse, 105, 237 
Bracebridge, 281 
Brackley, 326 
Bradbourne, 376 
Braden, 264 
Bradford, 259 
Bradley, 258, 259, 262 
Bragg, 259 
Bragley, 142 
Brampton, 149, 187 
Branch, 167, 209, 210, 218 
Brandon, 91, 95, 187, 189, 190, 

192a, I92 b , 328, 374 
Brandy, 76 
Braneby, 150 
Branham, 152, 264 
Braseal, Brazeal, 209 
Brasted, 26 
Braunston, 344, 345 
Braxter, 153 
Braxton, 283 
Bray, 278 
Brede, 287 

Bree, 344 

Breeding, 153, 262 

Breedlove, 152, 265 

Breedwell, 259 

Breeton, 364 

Breknow, 386 

Brensent, 129 

Brent, 71, 252, 264, 316 

Bressie, 61, 252 

Bressingham, 138 

Brett, 129 

Brewer, 161, 329 

Brewster, 143, 221 

Brian, 143, 150 

Bricklayer, 145 

Brickwood, 282 

Bridenhart, 157 

Bridewell, 35, 257 

Bridges, 98, 358 

Bridgeule, 141 

Bridgewater, 209 

Bridgman, 137 

Bridley, 139 

Brigges, 139, 164 

Bringborne, 27 

Brinton, 139 

Bristol, 133, 134, 141, 236, 278 

Bristowe, 35 

British America, 367 ; Museum, 

139, 177, 286; Public Record 

Office, 207, 297 
Brittler, 329 
Brock, 154 

Brockenbrough, 278, 280, 367 
Brockett, 128 
Brockman, 152, 155, 160, 258, 259, 

265, 360 
Brodnax, 129, 130, 163, 164, 166, 

168, 210; Thomas, will (1654) 

with note, 129 
Brome, 376, 381, 382; Hall, 382 
Bromley, 237, 238 
Brooke, 64, 180, 252, 298 
Brookes 151, 209, 256 
Brooking, 159 
Broomfield, 147, 148 
Browder, 329 
Brower, 143 
Brown, Browne, 31, 38, 133, 136, 

142, 145, 146, 147, 148, 156, 162, 

163, 168, 176, 178, 179, 181, 182, 

209, 249, 250, 251, 255, 286, 322, 

323, 364, 367, vi; 's Genesis, 88 
Bruce, 63, 208, 264, ix 
Brunswick Co., 66, 81, 161, 162, 

163, 165, 167; Notes from the 

Records of, 161 es seq. 



Bryan, 151, 153, x 

Buchanan, 352 

Buck, 106 

Buckingham, 81 ; -shire, 281, 345 

Buckner, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 

Bucton, 381 
Buffalo Ridge, 277 
Buffeilds, 38 
Bulkley, 326 
Buller, 229 

Bullington, 209, 210, 218 
Bullman, 389 
Bulmer, 389 
Bullock, 55 
Burch, 164 
Burchett, 329 
Burgan, 33 
Burgany, 209 
Burgess, 67, 68 
Burgess, House of, 316, 319 
Burgoyne, 386, 389 
Burk, 265, 283, 286, 288, 352, 365, 

367, 376, 378 
"Burlington", 189 
Burlowe, 329 
Burne, 36 
Burnham, 372 
Burnley, 263 
Burrows, 210, 326 
Burrus, 152, 264 
Burse, 176 

Burshmosh Parish, 129 
Burthouse, 180 
Burtolk, 68 
Burton, 54, 55, 77, 79, 149, 152, 

153, 156, 157, 209, 210, 254, 256, 

259, 264, 265; Robert, notice of, 

Burwell, 96, 168, 188, 191, 247, 

249, 251 
Busby, 329 
Bush, 153, 259 
Busher, 128 
Bushing, 294 
Busson, 28 
Bust, 149 
Bustard, 351 
Butler, 277, 329 
Butley, 185 
Butt, 61 
Butterese, 144 
Butterfield, 142 
Buttes, 387 
Button, 142 
Byn, Byne, 290, 292 
Bynwyns, 131 

Byrd, 11, 23, 169, 209, 298, 329, 
347, 352, 358; William, First, 
Letters of, ii, et seq. 

Byrns, 352 

Cabell, 253, 254, 255 

Cabin Point, 67 

Caesar, 187, 185 

Caffrey, 276 

Cahongarooten River, 309-316 

Cain, 235 

Calais, 286, 294, 295, 375, 382 

Cale, 65, 278 

Calhoun, 160, 259, 261 

California, University of, vii 

Callahan, vi 

Callander, 67 

Calvert, 252 

Cambridge, 39, 135, 186; -shire, 

137, 391, 392; University, 239 
Camike, 263 
Camp, 251 
Campbell, 67, 68, 112, 161, 173, 

242, 352 
Camp Nichols, 143 
Canada, 171 

Cane (Cave?), 262, 360 
Cannady, Canneday, 150, 351 
Cannon, 210 
Canterbury, 87, 83, 84, 85, 88, 89, 

90, 137, 176, 177, 179, 180, 181, 

182, 289, 291, 292, 376, 377, 379, 

381, 385 ; Cathedral, 381 
Cantwell, 149 
Cape Charles, 142, 307 
Carbon, 343 
Cardenham, 240 
Cardwell, 210 
Cargill, 161, 168 
Caribbean Sea, 222 
Caribs, The, 222 
Carliel, 330 
Carlile, 371 
Carlton, 88 
Carlyle, 149 

Carmarthen, 185; Castle, 184 
Caroline Co., 66, 72, 81, 188, 374 
Carpenter, 259; 's Farm, 180 
Carr, 54 
Carrell, 84, 87 
Carriages, 91, 189, 368 
Carrier, 151 

Carrington, 252, 253, 254 
Carter, 14, 95, 142, 153, 154, 210, 

316, 317, 353, 368, 369; 's Grove, 




Cary, 147, 197, 207, 247, 250, 307, 
vii, viii 

Cascade Creek, 165 

Case, 147 

Castleton, 239 

Castle Woods, 242 

Cate, 164 

Caterpillars, plague of, 1729, 303 

Cathner, 144 

Catlett, 71, 72, 74, 375 

Catron, Judge John, and Catron 
Family, 171 et seq. 

Catt Water, 323 

Catte, 329 

Catterton, 154, 155, 265 

Cave, 152, 155, 262, 263 

Caw, 153 

Cawdwell, 37 

Cawson, 174, 175 

Cayspill, 282 

Caza, 153 

Cearle, 39 

Cedar Mountain, 76; Rapids, vii 

Ceman, 257 

Centerel, 364 

Chambart, 156 

Chamberlayne, Chamberlain, 6, 
210; Edward Pye, will (1729), 
235; Thomas, will (1749) with 
note, 235; vs. Kidley, suit, 237, 
et seq. 

Chambers, 37; -burg, Pa., 196 

Chammines, 329 

Champe, 187, 374 

Champlain, 170, 171 

Chancellor, 153, 360 

Chancey, 364 

Chandler, 30, 152, 153, 154, 155, 
156, 160, 258, 265, 360 

Chapel Hill, 55 

Chapin, 68 

Chaplain's Choice, 101, 102 

Chapman, 39, 261, 282, 326, 353 

Chappawamsic, 315 

Chappell, 163 

Charing, 27 

Charles I, 176, 177, 180, 182, 341, 
363; II, 186, 297, 317, 363; Coun- 
ty, 65, 66 ; City County, 65, 68, 81, 
101, 103, 129, 216, 314; Town, 
Mass., 271, 272; Hundred, 6. 

Charlton, 348, 349 

Charterhouse, 132; School, 177, 
182, 183; Wood, 387 

Chartham, 342 

Chartier, 145 

Chart Magna, 177, 179 

Chastlynes Chipley, 239 

Chatham, 380 

Chatsworth, 188 

Cheatham, 210 

Chernock, 137 

Cherokee, 23, 55, 69, 169, 170, 173 

Chesapeake Bay, 171, 300, 302, 311 

Chesapeiack, 102 

Chesterfield, 81, 101, 168, 208, 375 

Chestnut, 384, 386, 387; Hill, 369 

Chetewynd, 370 

Chevenell, 144 

Chew, 150, 253, 316 

Chewning, 153 

Chiche, 392 

Chichester, 131 

Chichley, 117, 118, 119, 121, 123, 
125, 136, 137, 358, 372 

Chick, 162 

Chickahominy, 102 

Chigwell, 384, 385 

Childe, 39 

Childerley, 137 

Childers, 210 

Childress, 172 

Childs, 388 

Chiles, 264 

Chilham, 137 

Chisam, 257 

Chiswell, 347 

Chokke, 186 

Chorbeus, 370 

Chota, 169, 170 

Chowning, vii 

Christ Church, 83, 189; 's Hos- 
pital, 38 

Christophers, 33 

Church, 174, 290, 292, 293 

Churchill, 191 

Cidwell, 349 

Cincinnati, Society of, 204 

Clack, 161, 163, 165, 166, 167, 168 

Claiborne, 3, 5, 8, 9, 99, 101, 103, 
104, 165, 321 

Clarencieux, 381 

Clarendon, Earl of, 226 

Clarenton, 329, 330 

Clark, Clarke, 34, 79, 139, 140, 148, 
153, 154. 155, 168, 210, 240, 257, 
258, 259, 260, 265, 282, 344, 359; 
County, 96, 374 

Clavell, 32, 33 

Clawson, 148 

Clay, 329, 330 

Clayton, 167, 249 



Clec, 152, 257 

Clemens, 364 

Clements, 262, 329 

Clerke, 139, 210, 330, 37i, 388 

Cleve, 368 

Cliffe, 282 

Clinch, 242; River, 173 

Cliversal, 139 

Clopton, William, will (1640), 

with note, 238 
Cloyd, 242, 244 
Coate, 149 
Coats, 27 

Coats of Arms, Aucher, 285 (il- 
lustration), 287; Corbin, 372; 

Rich, 391 ; Turberville, 34 
Cobbleshorne, 141 
Cocke, 15, 67, 68, 162, 167, 168, 

210, 2ii, 248, 253, 323, 330, 339, 

387; Family Bible Records, 

365, et seq. 
Cockwell Marsh, 133 
Codd, 30, 354 
Codham, 391 
Coe, 151 
Coffer, 359 
Coggins Point, 328 
Coke, 87 
Cole, 24, 252, 358 
Coles, 15, 22 
Coleman, 156, 162, 256, 257, 329, 

College Land, 100, 101 
Colleris, 265 
Collers, 147 

Collier, 137, 152, 165, 261, 353 
Collimore, 88, 89, 381 
Collins, 79, 256, 259, 263, 265, vi 
Collyer, 133; John, will (1650) 

with note, 130 
Colne, 151 
Colston, 369 
Colvert, 364 
Combs, 250 
Concord, 268, 271 
Confederacy, Southern, 195, 196, 

199, 200, 361, 362 
Conneichiga, 312 
Conner, Connor, 62, 143, 365 
Consenvoye, 275 
Conway, Earl of, 226; River, 298, 

316, 318 
Cooke, Cook, 3, 4, 77, 85, 87, 164, 

166, 168, 248, 250, 326, 344; 's 

Meadow, 236, 237 
Cooper, 64, 132, 153, 264 
Cople parish, 278 

Corbett, 291, 292 

Corbin Family, 281 et seq., 370 

et seq. ; Corbin, 368, 369 ; Cor- 

byn's Hall, 370, 372 
Cornhill, 34, 38 

Cornwall, 85, 140, 174, 175, 240 
Cornwallis, 285, 286, 295, 375, 376, 

377, 381, 382 
Cornwallis, of Brome, Suffolk, 

381 et seq. 
Corotoman, 14 
Cosby, 60, 192 
Costen, 146 
Cothler, 240 
Coton, 282 
Cottinge, 145 
Cotton, 134, 283 
Coulson, 151 
Coumbs, 277 
Council and General Court 

Minutes, 1622-29, 3 et seq., 97 

et seq., 219 et seq., 319 et seq. 
Council, Virginia, 1683, 318, 358 
Courren, 146 
Courtier, 141 
Courtney, 145 
Cousin, 150 
Couzins, 210 
Cower, 147 
Cowes, 141 
Cowhard, 259 
Cowld, 142 
Cowley, 27 
Cowling, 61 
Cowper, 359 
Cox, Coxe, 131, 210, 263, 360, 37s, 

377. viii 
Coxendale, 101 
Crabtree, 364 
Craig, 249 
Cramnidge, 107 
Cranes, 386 
Cransby, 343 
Craven, 36; Earl of, 226 
Crawford, 157, 258 
Creek, 282; Nation, 69 
Creeton, 139 
Crenshaw, 152 
Crispe, 85, 86, 179 
Crocket, 173, 242, 244, 348, 352; 

Walter, to William Preston, 

November, 1782, 347 et seq. 
Crockson, 339 
Crockstone, 36 
Croft, 178 
Cromwell, 384, 390 
Croodeike, 104 



Crook, 329 

Crooker, 330 

Crooks, 156 

Crossman, 129 

Crossthwaite, 155, 365 

Crouch, 139 

Crow, 26 

Crowder, 165, 329 

Croydall, 210 

Crumps, 107 

Crutched Friars, 341 

Cryer, 166 

Cubit, 40 

Culpeper, 15, 41, 61, 70, 71, 77, 78, 
81, 93, 118, 122, 124, 126, 127, 131, 
293, 297, 298, 302, 308, 309, 311, 
315. 3i6, 317, 377; Lord, 225, 226, 
227, 228, 232, 233, 355, 356, 357; 
Family, 208; Governor, Lord, 
Instructions to, 41 et seq. ; 
Orders in Regard to, 225, 226; 
Patent as Governor Forfeited, 
233; Instructions to and Re- 
plies, 357 et seq. ; County, 77, 
78, 92, 251, 279, 280, 316, 360. 

Cumberland Co., 80, 81, 101, 254; 
Gap, 173 

Cunes, 248 

Curd, 167, 210 

Cures, 64 

Curiton, 329 

Curies Swamp, 218 

Currie, 369 

Curteenhall, 363 

Curtis, 187, 188, 191, 364 

Custis, 146, 150, 358 

Cutler, 4 

Cutts, 136 

Dabney, 359 

Dalbye, 39 

Dale, Dame Elizabeth, will 

(1640), 6 
Dalton, 59, 257 
Dammock, 145 
Dandridge, 60, 68, 74, 247 
Dane, 157 

Daniel, 147, 153, 154, 330 
Danise, 263 
Dan River, 165 
Darbie, 36 
Darbieshire, 37 
Darby, 144, 147 
Darcy, 392 

Darnele, 259 

Darnell, 261 

Dashwood, 383 

Datre, 144 

Davenport, 145 

Davidson, 249, 353 

Davies, 109, no, in, 112, 114, 115, 

116, 241, 245, 246, 347, 349, 353 
Davis, 59, 60, 62, 139, 149, 153, 

154, 155, 156, 157, 258, 261, 262, 

263, 330, 352 
Davy, 342 
Dawkins, 372 
Dawlinge, 132, 133 
Dawson, 156, 168, 189 
Day, 97, 281 
Deane, 156, 157 
Deanes, 40 
Dear, 156, 257 
Debton, 30 

Declaration of Independence, 204 
Dedman, 202 
Dee, 40, 128 
Deering, 27, 28 
Deforest, 253 
Dejarnette, 117, 225, 354 
Delaney, 64 
Delaware, 102, 128, 321 ; River, 

Delehay, 364 
Delke, 145 
DeLong, 70 
Deney, 59, 60 
Denkins, 145 
Dennis, 144, 145 
Denny, 130 
Densford, 142 
Dent, 35, 37 
Denton, 27, 29 
Deptford, 377, 379; Ketch, ship, 

19, 20 
Derby, 37, 282 
Derbyshire, 283 
Derging, 293 
Dericke, 100 
Deshaney, 261 
Despencer, Le, 383 
Devon, 141 ; -shire, Eng. 
Dewey, 163 
Dickerson, 152, 161 
Digge, 249 

Digges, 136, 248, 286, 287 
Dilk, 98 
Dilland, 60 
Dillenger, 149 
Dimock, 235 
Dingley, 389 



Dinwiddie Co., 81, 82, 163, 165, 

Dison, 211 
Ditchlingham, 29 
Dixon, 36, 58, 62, 154, 359, vi 
Doak, 352 
Doby, 330 
Dodd, 153 
Dodson, 211 
Doggett, 239 
Dolphenby, 326 
Dolphin, (ship) 307 
Donald, 254 
Donathan, 348 
Doniphan, 277 
Donnebarnes, 386 
Dooley, 349 
Doran, viii 
Dorator, 67 
Dorchester Co., 83 
Dormer, 344 
Dorset, 32, 34, 323 
Dortch, 366 
Douglass, 145, 146, 160, 162, 163, 

211, 218 
Dover, 35, 136, 180, 294; Castle, 

Dowham, 381 
Dowing, 330 
Downall, 343 
Downes, 133; Marsh, 133 
Downing, 278 
Draper, 63 
Drayton, 330 
Drew, 142 
Drigg, 143 
Drummond, 31 
Drury, 392 
Drysdale Parish, 316 
Dublin, 385 
Ducket, 26, 27, 132 
Dudley, 188, 281, 359, 370, 371, 

Duford, 264 
Duff, 351 
Duffet, 236 
Duglas, 330 
Duke, 11 

Dulwich, 84, 89; Gallery, 178, 183 
Dumas, 364 
Dumbarton, ship, 17, 19 
Dumfries, 74, 75 
Dunaway, 156 
Dunbar, 67 
Dunevant, 155 
Duniven, 153 
Dunkin, 330 

Dunkirk, 183 

Dunlap, vi 

Dunlop, 67, 171 

Dunmore, 54, 55, 81, 96, 150, 172 

Dunn, Dunne, 88, 154 

Dunthorne, 6 

Durants, 378 

Durding, 330 

Durrett, 259, 261, 383, 384, 386, 

387, 388, 389, 391 
Durrit, 365 

Dutch Gap Canal, 101 
Dutton, 36, 37, 342 
"Duty boys", 219 
Duty, ship, 219 
Duval, Duvall, 153, 265 
Duxbury, 184 
Dyer, 143 
Dym Church, 129 
Dymock, 237 
Dynes, 133 
Dysart, 242 

Eagle's Nest, 188, 374 

Ealam (Elam), 211 

Earl, 344 

Earles, 257 

Earlston, 196 

Early, 153, 154 

East, 211 

East Burton, 33; Indies, 134, 282,: 

India Company, 6, 179, 182 
Eastern Shore, 142 
Eastman, 192b 
Easton, Pa., 196, 197 
Eaton, 36, 153, 165 
Eaves, 167 
Eawood, 219 
Eckenrode, 54, 55, vi 
Eddesse, 147 
Eddins, 152, 153, 265 
Eden, 382 
Edes, 105 
Edgar, 147 
Edmondson, 242 
Edmonton, 386, 387 
Edmunds, 166, 167 
Education, 12 
Edwards, 32, 147, 162, 163, 165,. 

166, 168, 211, 330, 352 
Edward VI, 286, 294, 378, 381, 382 
Edwin, ship, 103 
Effingham, 13, 17, 18, 22 

Egerton, 27, 139, 291, 342, 343 
Egleshayle, 141 



Egremont, 169, 170 

Eheart, 155 

Eldridge, 167 

Elites Farm, 180 

Elizabeth, 382; City, 7, 17, 81, 104, 

223, 248, 324; City County, 102, 

130, 220, 221 ; Queen, 341, 385 
Elliott, 95, 156, 164, 351 
Ellis, 211, 250, 330, 331 
Ellison, 59 
Ellyson, viii 
Ellzy, 151 
El son, 249 
Elstow, 382 
Elsworthe, 36 
Eltham, 377 
Eltonhead, 282 
Elvis, 142 
Emberly, 12 
Embry, 164 
Enfield, 286, 378, 383, 384, 385, 

386, 387, 388, 389, 392 
Engleham, 85, 86 
Enns, 149 
Enroughty, 211 
Epes, ppes, Epps, 9, 102, 106, 167, 

168, 211, 330, 331, 339 
Epitaphs : Aucher, Sir Anthony 

(1558), 295 
Epping, 368 
Esopus, 186 
Essex, 73, 81, 88, 136, 178, 287, 

381, 382, 384, 385, 386, 389, 390, 

392; Co., 38, 77, 79, 163, 316, 

Esterfield, 151 

Estes, 156, 258, 262, 264, 360 
Eston, 151 
Eton, 96 
Eufaula, 69 
Euseby, 343 
Eustace, 71, 74, 369 
Evans, 62, 147, 151, 163, 164, 21 1, 

265, 330, 331, vi 
Everdon, 281, 371, 373 
Ewing, 351/353 
Exchange (money), 1775, Va. and 

England, 266, 267 
Exeter, 381 
Eyre, 379, 382 

Fackler, 153 

Fagger, 131 

Faile, 212 

Fairfax, 55, 66, 81 ; Family, 208 

Farloe, 212 

Farmer, 62, 129, 139, 144, 211 

Farneugh, 262 

Farneyhough, 155 

Farnholde, 131 

Farrer, Farrar, 6, 9, 22, 99, 101, 
108, 211, 219, 220, 222, 223; Wil- 
liam, note on, 219; 's Island, 101 

Farrington, 37 

Faulcon, 60 

Faulconer, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157, 
255, 259, 265 

Faunt, 262, 282 

Fauntleroy, 249 

Fauquier Co., 70, 71, 72, 81 

Faversham, 291 

Fayette Co., 80 

Fearnyhough, 154 

Featherstone, 144 

Feild, 139, 142, 211, 250 

Felix, 257 

Feltmakers, 36 

Fereby, 150 

Ferguson, 211 

Ferris, 211 

Ferry (Terry), 133, 254 

Fetherstone, 212 

Fields, 58 

Fincastle, 81, no 

Finchingfield, 136 

Finnel, 257 

Finnie, 247 

Fisher, 36, 37, 69, 151, 156, 262 

Fitchett, 146 

Fitz-Auger, 286 

Fitzgerald, 258 

Flanders, 282 

Fleek, 256 

Fleet, 34; Famliy, note on, 342, 


Fleetwood, 76 

Fleming, 80, 225 

Fletcher, 67, 263, 264 

Flint, 150 

Flippin, 208 

Flitcher, 149 

Flordon, 136, 136 

Flower, 35 

Flower de (Flowerdieu) Hun- 
dred, 101, 105 

Floyd, 149, 256 

Fohley, 142 

Foote, Johan, will (1653), 239; 
William, will (1653), with 
note, 240 

Ford, 131, 153, 157, 263; Church, 

Forest, The, 223 



Forrest, 211, 212 

Forshame, 287 

Fort Chiswell, 244; Gibson, 69 

Forts, 8 

Fosaker, 277 

Foster, 147, 259 

Fothergill, 277 

Four Mile Tree, 31 

Fowkes, 149 

Fowler, 211 

Fowlsham, 136 

Fox, 60 

Foxey, 148, 149 

France, 74, 275, 276 

Franklin, 211, 218 

Frebody, 281 

Frederick Co., 81, 96, 264 

Freeman, 98, 101, 136, 258 

French and Indian War, 80 

Friars Minors, Canterbury, 292 

Frietchie, Barbara, 200 

Friser, 144 

Frockwell, 258 

Frognall, Little, 288, 290 

Froude, 294 

Fry, 153, 277 

Funeral sermons, 91 

Furs and skins, 11, 12, 13, 229 

Fussell, 341 

Fye, 264 

Gadsby, 180 

Gaines, 257 

Gaithwaite, 212 

Galliardo, 341 

Galton, 34 

"Garallan", 276 

Garbin, 37 

Gardner, Gardiner, 149, 156, 278, 

295, 3^7, 384, 391 
Garland, 166, 279 
Garnett, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157, 

158, 160, 259, 262, 264 
Garrard, 291, 292 
Garrett, 220 
Garthwaite, 345 
Garton, 35 
Gaskins, 143 
Gates, 99, 100 
Gatehouse Prison, 182 
Gatewicks, 131 
Gauler, 14 
Gaven, 4 
Gear, 257 
Gee, 212, 218, 331 
Geer, 258 

Gentry, 156, 258 

George, 103, 104, 155, 253; ship, 
98, 100, 105, 220, 324, 325 

Georgia, 55 

Germaine, 96 

Germany, 172 

Gerritt, 149 

Gethinge, 149 

Gettysburg, 77 

Gibbons, 64, 153, 249, 264 

Gibeon, 331 

Gibson, 64, 142, 156, 157, viii; 
Family, 70 et seq. ; Jonathan, 
will (1791), 71. 

Gilbert, 265, 377, 378 

Gilboe, 291 

Gill, 212, 326 

Gilliam, Gillam, 95, 167, 331 

Gilmore, 264, 375 

Gills, 324 

Gingsmell, 99 

Gire, 320 

Gissing, 135, 136 

Gladish, 166 

Gladsinger, 147 

Glencross, 26, 128, 235, 237, 340 

Glisson, 151 

Gloucester, 81, 117, 118, 185, 191; 
County, 120, 121, 123, 125, 129, 
139, 165, 187, 188, 189, 283, 316; 
-shire, 103, 105, 235, 373; Hall, 
178, 182; Plantation, 192 

Glover, 145, 344, 351 

Glucke, 145 

Goast, 172 

Godby, 7 

Goddard, 386, 389 

Goddart, 34, 37 

Godmersham, 291 

Godolphin, 226 

Godwyn, 161 

Goelightly, 331 

Gold, 144, 145 

Goldman, 144 

Goldsmith, 148 

Gooch, 66, 299, 307, 308, 312, 314; 
Governor Sir William, Let- 
ter, 1729, 299 et seq. ; Letter. 
1732-3, 308 et seq.; -land, 81 

Good, 331 

Goodale, 154, 155, 261, 265 

Goodall, 156, 157, 265 

Goode, 212 

Goodere, 372, 373, 383 

Goodgame, 331 

Goodrich, 167, 168 

Goodrick, 331 

Goodridge, 153, 262, 265 



Goodwin, 163, 331 

Goodyer, 282 

Gooke, 146 

Goosley, 60 

Gordon, 31, 156, }57, 160, 162, 196, 
197, vi, ix; 'sville, 375 

Gornehall, 281 

Gorsage, 181 

Gorsuch, 83, 182, 186, — Lovelace, 
Correction, 83 

Gortons, 386 

Goss, 152, 153. 154, 155, 1.60, 259, 
262, 265 

Gossage, 132 

Gousmond, 237 

Goute, 143 

Governor, 48 

Gowan, 254 

Gower, 212 

Grady, 257, 258, 263 

Graham, 364 

Grandy, viii 

Granger, 212 

Granville Co., 54, 55 

Grasgood, 146 

Grasty, 259 

Gravenvadt, 24 

Graves, 108, 153, 247, 257, 261, 263 

Gravison, 139 

Gray, 151, 167; Friars, Canter- 
bury, 84, 85, 89; Illustration, 
88a; 's Inn, 83, 87, 132, 384 

Grayden, 278 

Grayson, 70, 71 ; County, 172 

Great Bridge, 61 

Greene, Green, 35, 37, 77, 79, 109, 
no, in, 113, 190, 331, 359; 
'sboro N. C, 199 ; 'sdale, 131 ; 
Spring, 46, 90; -wich, 178, 341, 
342; -wood, 53, 150 

Gregory, 141, 153, IS5» 261, 370 

Grendon, 102 

Greithian, 331 

Grent, 182 

Grey, 385; Lord, 294 

Griffin, 144, 331 

Griffith, 133, 134, 249, 331 

Gngg, 212, 331 

Grime, Grimes, 146, 261 

Grimston, 151 

Grinder, 145 

Grindon, 327 

Grinnan, ix 

Grisbert, 148 

Grisell, 137 

GBitlieffef, 147 

Groll, .176, 177 

Gromarin, 212 

Groom, 156 

Grosvenor, 282, 342, 372, 373 

Groton, 238, 239 

Grubb, 98, 220 

Grymes of Brandon, &c, 90 et 
seq., 187 et seq., 283 et seq., 
374 et seq.; John, will (1645), 
132; Philip, will (1762), 91; 
Philip Ludwell, will (1805); 
Children (Unidentified), Por- 
traits, 92a; Philip, Children 
of, Portrait, 92a; Grymes, 29, 
132, 133. vii. 

Guernsey, 258, 273 

Guiana, 222 

Guiandotte, 173 

Guilford, 288, 292, 376, 377 

Guise, Duke of, 294, 295 

Guisnes, 294 

"Gunston", 374 

Guthrie, vi 

Guy, 237, 323 

Gwavas, 174 

Gwyn, 355 

Hack, 148 

Hackney, 36, 37 

Haddon, 37 

Hailey, 69 

Hainey, 152 

Hale, 100, 259; House, 16 

Hales, 129, 130, 180, 293, 377 

Halifax, 81 ; Co., 254 ; Earl of, 

Halkins, 247 

Hall, 106, 107, 156, 213, 261, 264, 
325, 327, 332 

Hall End, Warwickshire, 281, 282, 
370, 372; Illustration, 280a 

Hallowair, 147 

Hallum, 160 

Ham, 133, 134, 152, 155, 262, 263 

Hambleton, 212, 258, 259 

Ham, Elizabeth, will (1628), with 
note, 133 

Hambry, 6 

Hamby, 6, 7 

Hamilton, 257, 263, 368, 369 

Hamlin, 332, 333 

Hammond, 139, 140, 239 

Hampden-Sidney, 169 

Hampshire, 81, 298 

Hampstead, 386 

Hampton, 61, 63, 195, 197, 221, 242, 
250, 359, 360, 364, 365; Acad- 
emy, 197, 198 



Hancock, 157, 168, 212, 213, 258, 

262, 265 
Haney, 153, 155. 157, 261 
Hanover Co., 81, 96, 170, 365. 380 
Hansard, 381 
Hansford, 256, 262, 374 
Hanson, 147 
Hants, 84 
Hapworth, 149 
Harbin, 32 
Harboldowne, 85 
Hardaway, 167 
Harde, 90 
Hardiman, 332 
Hardres, 291, 376, 327, 379, 386, 

Hardwell, 147 
Hardy, 167, 257, 298 
Hare, 150 
Harman, 325, 360 
Harmer, 6, 144, 151, 236 
Harmam, 107 
Harmon, 149 
Harpenges, 131 

Harper, 166; 's Ferry, 171, 199 
Harpole, 303 
Harraldson, 351 
Harris, 101, 102, 147, 148, 153, 212, 

213, 250, 256, 257, 262, 340, 364 
Harrison, 67, 70, "]2, 74, 112, 113, 

114, us, 143, 145. 148, 163, 164, 

165, 166, 167, 168, 248, 262, 298, 

3i7» 328, 332, 375, vi, vii, ix; 

-burg, 171 
Hart, 7, 149, 364 
Hartgrove, 351 
Harthorn, 332 
Harvard University, 298 
Harvey, 65, 66, 152, 154, 155, 156, 

257, 258, 259, 262, 277, 319, 375, 

Harewell, 139 
Harwell, 332 
Harwood, 102, 103, 247, 248, 325, 

Haskins, 212 
Hasted, 83, 84, 87, 176, 286, 293, 

Hatcher, 212, 213 
Hauers, 138 
Haute, 293; Court, 383 
Hautley, 152 
Hautsbourne, 376 
Hawes, 146 
Hawkes, 332 
Hawkins, vi 

Hawkins, 78, 89, 151, 153, 157, 160, 

256, 259, 263, 265, 282, 360 
Hawley, 156 
Hawsted, 392 
Hawte, 286, 293, 377, 383, 384; 

Cout, 286 
Hawtysbourne, 377 
Hay, 151 
Hayden, 71, 72 
Haye, 332 
Hayes, Hays, 27, 104, 147, 149, 

352, 388 
Hayle, 101 
Hayles, 129 
Hayne, 186 
Haynes, 360 
Hayte, 32 
Hayward, 364 
Haywood, vi 
Hazlitt, 176, 183 
Head, 156, 261, 264, 265, 382 
Healy, 192, 192a 
Hearst, viii 
Heath, 131, 332, 388 
Heather, 130 
Hedgeman River, 316 
Hedges, 364 
Hefferman, 192 
Heigge, 281 
Heinsley, 151 
Hele, 344 
Helland, 140 

Hempstedd Cum Eccles, 138 
Henderken, 278 
Henderson, 55, 360 
Hendrickson, 149 
Hening, 12 
Henley, 64, 261, 375 
Hennesy, 156 
Henrico Co., 39, 59, 66, 81, 101, 

188, 208 
Henrico County Quit Rent 

Roll, 1704, 208 et seq. 
Henry, 70, 258; VII, 288; VIII, 

176, 286, 293, 294, 341, 378; 

County, 189 
Hensley, 152, 259, 265, 360 
Hcpward, 151 
Heralds College, 176 
Herbert, 213, 229, 332 
Hereford Cathedral, 178; -shire, 

236, 237, 238, 384, 386, 387, 390, 

Hermitage, The, 168 
Herndon, 154, 188, 257, 259, 262, 

263, 265 



Hert, 293 

Herrin, 155 

Herring, 155, 258, 261 

Hertford, 182; -shire, 178, 382 

Hertingfordbury, 178 

Hestand, 256 

Hethersett, 322 

Hewet, 8 9 

"Hewick", 283 

Hews, 364 

Hiatt, 364 

Hickdon, 331 

Hickory Hill, 368; Thickett, 368 

Hicks, Hix, 165, 167, 265, 332 

Higgason, 365 

Higgins, 36 

Higham, 29 

Highbury, 384, 387 

Hilis (Hilys), 291, 292, 293 

Hill, 29, 63, 151, 155, 156, 212, 218, 

237, 331, 332 
Hilman, 157, 258, 259, 262 
Hilton, 103 
Hinke, 299 
Hitcham, 282 
Hiter, 157, 160 
Hitt, 107 
Hoard, 360 
Hobart, 238 
Hobbs, 332 
Hobby, 212 
Hobin, 4 
Hobson, 38, 213 
Hodgkins, 145 
Hog Island, 97, 98, 103, 324 
Holcombe Bornell, 240 
Holland, 142, 176, 177, 186, 281, 

Hollis, 147 
Holloway, 332 
Holmes, 8, 146, 180, 212 
Holston River, 169, 170, 173, 174 
Holt, 163; Hall, 370 
Holycross, 332 

Holy Minories, Church of the, 341 
Homes, 364 

Honeywood, 140, 181, 343 
Hood, 364 
Hopkins, 254 
Hopkinson, 67 
Home, 288, 289 
Horrocks, 170 
Hothersall, Thomas, will (1620), 

with note, 134 
Hotten, 98 
Houdon, 55 

Houselepp, 345 

Hovenden, 86 

Howard, 180 

Howe, 9, 252, 352 

Howe (Hooe?), 250, 374 

Howell, 237, 332, 372 

Howland, 36 

Howlet, 180 

Howson, 143 

Howtaine, 86 

Hubard, Hubbard, 36, 134, 251, 

261, 283, 341 
Huckstep, 152, 156 
Hudgin, 165 
Hudlestone, 324 
Hudson, 27, 28, 27, 213, 332 
Hues, 149 
Huffman, 156 
Hughes, 64, 154, 212, 257 
Huguenots, 208, 319 
Hukler, 259 
Hulingson, 359 
Hulme, 332 
Hulse, 183 
Hume, 259, 264, 316 
Humes, 153 
Humkin, 250 
Humphreys, 4 
Hundley, 79 
Hunsted, 148 
Hunt, 29, 212, 259 
Hunter, 64, 256 
Hunt's Lands, 180 
Hurley, 184, 187 
Hurlstone, 180 
Hurry, 151 
Hurts, 182 
Hutchins, 212 
Hutchinson, 257 
Hutt, 107 
Hutton, 151 
Hyat, 364 

Hyde, Viscount, 226 
Hyett, 364 

I'Anson, 67, 68 

Indians, Campaign against, 1627, 

101, 102 
Indian Territory, 69 
Indians, 8, 16, 23, 24, 25, 112, 222, 

Ightham, 132, 133 
Illinois, University of, vii 
Isle of Beere Church, 32 
Isle of Wight, 17, 81, 102, 197 



Ingles, 114 

Inner Temple, 389 

Innis, 115 

Ireland, 84, 88, 283 

Irish, 150 

Isabell, 252 

Isham, Dame Anne, will (1627), 
344; Sir Euseby, will (1626), 
343; John, will (1627) with 
note, 344 

Italy, 306 

Izacke, 389 

Jacobs, 157, 256, 263 

Jackman, 136 

Jacobson, 150 

Jackson, 136, 146, 152, 200, 213 

Jamaica, 124 

Jamar, 153, 249 

James, 58, 132, 256, 262, 282, v; 
City, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 17, 21, 
81, "88, 97, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 

106, 107, 108, 117, 118, 120, 219, 
220, 221, 223, 231, 232, 233; 
City Co., 66, 90, 96, 210; City 
Island, 99; River, 23, 63, 67, 

107, 208, 223; Town, 23, 45, 99, 
104, 105 

James I, 308, 315, 317 
Jameson, Jamison, 61, 154, 155, 

213, vi 
Jarrel, 156 
Jarvis, 151 
Jeanes, 150 

Jeannette Relief Expedition, 70 
Jefferson, 69, 158, 213, 218 
Jeffries, 51, 119, 252 
Jeffry, 16 
Jenkin, 141, 205 

Jenkins, 105, 118, 123, 125, 149, 257 
Jennings, 38, 90, 91, 129 
Jennins, 150 
Jersey, de, 267 
Jewell, 83 
Jewels, 91 
Joes, 150 
John, King, 286 
Johnson, 36, 63, 133, 139, 142, 145, 

147, 148, 150, 151, 157, 248, 251, 

253, 261, 263, 351 
Johnston, 275 
Jollett, 154, 262, 265 
Jolliffe, 130 

Jonathan, ship, 223 

Jones, 32, 55, 61, 62, 63, 64, 139, 
143, 144, 147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 
153, 156, 157, 159, 213, 249, 257, 
258, 259, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 
278, vi; 's Neck, 101 

Jordoine, 89 

Jordon, 213; 's Journey, 101, 102; 
's Point, 101 

Joynes, 150 

Judkins, 247 

Jurner, 130 

Jurors, 42 

Kakoanthropos, 170 

Kalliamie, 150 

Kanagatucko, 169 

Karson, 148 

Kavalla, 276 

Kavanaugh, 333, 349, 353 

Kayne, 144 

Kea, 155 

Keaton, 259 

Kecoughtan, 7 

Keeton, 153 

Keeling, 55 

Keigwyn, 174 

Keith, 7, 9, 59, 259, 352 

Kelloway, 378 

Kelly, 250 

Kelsick, 280 

Kemp, 9, 117, 120, 135, 136, 171, 
187, 297, 299, 358; Anthony, will 
(1614) with note, 135; Arthur, 
will (1645) ; Dorothy, will 
(1629), with note, 136; 's Plan- 
tation, 192 

Kempley, 373 

Kendall, 156, 213; Henry, will 
(1638) with note, 138; Stephen, 
will (1611), 138; Thomas, will 
(1621), 138 

Kenmure, 196, 197 

Kennel 1, 223, 224 

Kenner, 279 

Kennett, 129 

Kennon, 213 

Kensington, 370 

Kent, 17, 26-29, 35, 84, 87-89, 129, 
132, 133, 136, 137, 140, 176-187, 
285-293, 342, 375, 376-389 

Kent Church, 236 

Kentucky, 55, 70, 71, 73, 79, 172, 

Ketch, 19 



Kettering, 172 

Key, 263 

Keythorps, 282 

Kickotan, Kicoughtan, 319 

Kidder, 128 

Kidley, 237, 238 

Kiesler, 348 

Kilpeck, 236 

King, 147, 251, 256, 261, 263, 265, 
278, 333 J George County, 72, 73, 
81, 166, 169, 170, 187, 279, 298, 
374; and Queen Co., 66, 81, 92, 
188, 316; William Co., 81, 283 

Kingsdown, 86, 87 

Kingsford, 370 

Kingston, 376, 377 

Kingswinford, 281, 282, 370, 371, 
372, 373 

Kinney, 262 

Kinsey, 144 

Kinston, 221 

Kintbury Eaton, 186 

Kinton, 392 

Kinzer, 152 

Kirkham, 144 

Kirkland, 333 

Kirtley, 257, 258, 259, 360 

Knibb, 213 

Knight, 130, 143, 147. I5L 364 

Knolis, 389 

Kobler, 159 

Kubler, 261 

Kymages, 354 

Kymesman, 343 

Lacy, 98, 143 

Ladd, 213 

Laforce, 213 

Lain, 264 

Lamb, 155, 258, 264, ix 

Lamberde, 238 

Lambeth, 88 

Lancashire, 282 

Lancaster, 28, 81, 153, 157, 263, vi, 
ix; County, 14, 34, 208 

Lands, 261 

Landulph, 141 

Lane, 11, 21, 22, 23; Sir Richard, 
363 et seq. 

Langley, 63, 84, 144 

Lanier, 161; Elinior, will (1652), 
with note, 340; John, will 
(1650), 340; Family in Eng- 
land, 341, 342 

Lanivet, 141 

Langston, 139, 140 

Lankford, 155 

Lanseed, 143 

Lansley, 154 

Lapworth, 100 

Lartch, 149 

Larwood, 142 

Latham, 116 

Lathvine, 144 

Lattimer, 143 

Lauckfield, 223 

Laughton, 62, 144 

Law, 135 

Lawley, 3, 4, 5 

Lawns Creek, 32 

Lawrence, 142, 251 

Lawton, ix 

Leake, x 

Leal, 157 

Leame, 138 

Leate, 248 

Leatherburg, 151 

Lee, 54, 61, 91, 139, 143, 144, 153, 

155, 200, 256, 257, 264, vi, vii; 

-sylvania, 91 
Lees, 286 
Leetra, 147 
Leges, 237 
Legrand, 143 

Leicester, 87; -shire, 137, 282 
Leiston, 236 
Leitch, 249 
Leith, 248 
Lemman, 37 
Lemon, 220 
Lenham, 84 
Leonard, 144 
Lesingham, 40, 138 
Lester, 213, 251 
Leuse, 36 
Leving, 283 
Lewillins, 144 
Lewis, Lewes, 83, 84, 85, 145, 213, 

241, 242, 249, 279, 280 
Lexington, 271 
Liberty, ship, 255 
Library of Congress, 3, 207, 219,, 

Lightfoot, 181, 283 
Ligon, Lygon, 214, 282 
Lillington, 31 
Liptrott, 213 
Litchby, 149 
Littleton, 141, 145, 146 
Little Town, 68 
Lively, 61 



Livingston, 23, 24 

Lloyd, 265 

Lluellen, 147 

Lobb, 141 

Lockett, 213, 218 

Lockey, 130 

Lockhart, 242, 246 

Lochinvar, 196 

Lollworth, 137 

London, 15, 26, 30, 34, 37, 38, 40, 
67, 84, 130, 134, 137, 219, 229, 
235, 236, 282, 283 

Long, 145, 146, 148, 154, 156; 
Croft, 26 

Loope, 33 

Lord Chatham, ship, 266, 271, 273 

Losenham, 286, 287 

Lothbury, 37 

Lother, 145, 263 

Loudoun, 81 

Loughlin, 252 

Louisa, 81 

Lovelace Family and Its Con- 
nections, 83 et seq., 176 et seq., 
285 et seq., 375 et seq.; Family, 
83 et seq., 176 et seq., 285 et 
seq., 375 et seq. ; William, will 
(1577), 85; Sir William, will 
(1629), 89; Sir William, will 
(1628), 179; William (d. 
1577) Portrait, 82a; Sir Wil- 
liam (d. 1629), Portrait, 86a; 
Sir William (d. 1627) Por- 
trait, 176a; Richard, Portrait, 

Lovell, 144, 259 

Low, Lowe, 251, 254 

Lowell, 63 

Lower, 257, 262 

Lower Norfolk Co., 102 

Lowne, 213, 218 

Lowry, 262 

Luark, 143 

Lucas, 154, 258 

Ludas, 258 

Ludgate, 35, 84 

Ludson, 142 

Ludwell, 15, 16, 90, 96 

Luke, 139, 240 

Lulley, 281 

Lumpkin, 253 

Lunenburg County, 64, 65, 81, 82, 
276; Parish, 280 

Lyall, 142 

Lydd, 27 

Lyld, 142 

Lyminge, 294, 295 
Lynchburg, 142, 275 
Lyne, 59 
Lynsey, 238, 239 

Maberry, 334 

Macarnesse, 137 

Macedonia, 276 

Mackeny, 259 

Mackie, Mackey, 67, 69 

Mamlin, 161, 162, 163, 166, 167 

Madagascar, 74 

Madderne, 174 

Maddox, 334 

Madera, 24 

Madison, 159, 246, 263, 298, 362 

Madon, 157 

Madresfield, 282, 373 

Madrid, 41, 42 

Magety, Bay, 223 

Magrove, 150 

Mahanes, 259 

Mahew, 98 

Maiden, 259 

Maingey, 266,' 272, 273 

Maior, 148 

Major, 168 

Makepeace, 344 

Malbrouck Hill, 275 

Mallory, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 153. 

155, 156, 167, 259, 261, 262, 265, 

Malmayers, 287 
Malo, 130 
Malone, 167, 334 
Maloy, 61 

Manakin Town, 208 
Manchester, 68 
Manes, 151 
Mann, 142, 214 
Mannering, 27 
Manners, 37 
Mansfield, 31, 155, 263 
Manwood, 84, 87, 179, 181, 377 
Mares, 352, 353 

Margaret and John, ship, 221, 325 
Marin, 212 
Mark Lane, 130 
Marklockson, 150 
Marks, 334 
Markworth, 149 
Marlowe, 345 
Marmion, 370 
Marquess, 257 
Marr, 152, 264, 360 



Marrett, 147 

Marriott, 30, 142, 164 

Marsh, 262 

Marshall, 35. 107, 142, 145, 164, 
259, 261, 262, 274, 324, 360 

Marsham, 26, 27 

Martin, 4, 99, 100, 101, 103, 144, 
147, 148, 152, 154, 156, 173, 256, 
258, 261, 265, 319, 320, 334; 's 
Brandon, 9, 98, ioi, 328; 's Hun- 
dred, 7, 324; Station, 173 

Martmore, 146 

Mary, 382 

Maryland, 64, 83, 182, 186, 278, 302, 
305, 308, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 
342, 343, 37s; Boundary Line, 
308 et seq. 

Mary, Queen, 286, 293, 295, 381, 
382, 385 

Mason, 153, 155, 156, 160, 168, 262, 

359, 374 
Massachusetts, vii 
Massanutten, 171 
Massaponnax, 187 
Massey, Massie, 162, 163, 253 
Massoine, 150 
Masters and Slaves and Servants, 

Mathews, Matthews, 6, 9, 63, 99, 

100, 101, 102, 103, 147, 164, 214, 

222, 223, 321, 322, 334. 372 
Mathias Point, 374 
Mathis, 163, 167 
Mattapony River, 188 
Maupin, 153, 154, 155 
Maurice, 139 
Maury, 189 
Mauzy, 72 

Maxwell, 149, 242, 244, 352 
May, 77 
Maye, 28 
Mayer, 143 
Mayes, 334 
Mayham Magna, 287 
Mayhew, 319 
Maylard, 340 
Mazondieu House, 180 
Meade, 29, 166, 167, 188, 374 
Meadows, 156 
Meatheart, 221 
Mecklenburg Co., 54, 55, 56, 81, 

168, 190; Resolutions, 1774, 54 

et seq. 
Medcalfe, 150 

Medical Prescriptions, 1812, 362 
Medley, Robert, will (1759), 77, 

78, 261 

Meherrin River, 25, 165 

Mellersh, 26, 27 

Mellican, 360 

Melone, 152, 265 

Melton, 259 

Menefy, 321 

Mercers Company, 38 

Meredith, 145, ix 

Meres, 149 

Merigold, 143 

Metcalf, 376, 381 

Methwold, 16 

Meuse, 192 

Meuse-Argonne, 275, 276 

Michael, 150; Parish, 135 

Middlebrook, 153 

Middle Plantation, 40, 119, 220 

Middlesex County, 14, 66, 81, 91, 
93. 95, 187, 188, 189, 191, 192, 
192a, 192b, 282, 283, 378, 384, 
385, 386, 389, vii; England, 383 

Middle Temple, 363, 390 

Middleton, 37 

Mighells, 138 

Milby, 150 

Miles, 146 

Miller, 58, 144, 150, 264, 265, 351, 

Mill Plantation, 192; Point, 359 

Mills, 144, 151, 157. 327 

Milmarshe Gate, 387 

Milner, 232 

Mines, 280 

Minge, 60, 68, 334 

Minifee, 64 

Ministers, 6, 7 

Minor, 151, 264 

Mississippi, 68, 310; Valley, 171 

Mitchel, 154, 265, 334 

Moncure, 375 

Monins, 378 

Monkton Mylfield, 86 

Monmouthshire, 237 

Monocan Town, 16 

Monroe, 369 

Montague, 153, 158, 256, 258 

Montgomery Co., 109, no, in, 
113, 114, 115, 116, 172, 173, 174, 
195, 241, 242, 243, 347, 349 

Moody, 334 

Moore, More, 37, 62, 144, 148, 151, 
157, 162, 189, 242, 244, 257, 261, 

263, 323, 324, 334, 353, 390 
Morattico, 90, 91 
Mordaunt, 392 



Morebredd, 85 

Morgan, 142, 150, 157, 298, 351 

Morlaix, 382 

Morocco, 384 

Morrice 388 

Morris, 59, 149, 153, 154. 157, 163, 
180, 258, 261, 262, 263 

Morrison, 254, 367 

Mortimer, 280 

Mosby, yy, 259 

Moseley, 32, 164, 174, 214, 255 

Mott, 277 

Motynden, 289 

Moule, 345 

Moulston, 288 

Mousehole, 174 

Mowbray, 265 

Moyers, 154, 156 

Mozings, 262 

Mt. Airy, 369 

"Mt. Chene", 374 

Mt. Stuart, 374 

Mulberry Island, 325 

Mundage, 146 

Munday, 155 

Munford, 56, 161, 324 

Munro, 145 

Murdough, 62 

Murrell, 334 

Murrowes, 345 

Murring, 144 

Muschette, 75 

Musdogee, 69 

Muse, 192, 192a, 192b 

Musgrove, 154 

Mydleton, 26 

McBew, 78 

McCabe, W. Gordon, iv, vi, ix 

McCabe, Wm. Gordon, President 
of the Va. Historical Soci- 
ety, Announcement of death, 
January Magazine 

McCabe, William Gordon, A 
Brief Memoir, By Armistead 
C. Gordon. July Magazine 

McCabe, William Gordon, por- 
trait, Frontispeace, July num- 

McCalley, 263 

McCarty, 367 

McCathlin, 278 

McCeduff, 364 

McClarner, 258 

McClary, 258, ix 

McClone, 262 

McConn, 352 

McCover, 364 
McCormack, 169 
McDaniel, 256, 261 
McDonald, 117, 225, 351, 354 
McFaddin, 255 
McFarland, 154, 353 
McGavock, 241 
McGuire, x 
Mcintosh, 69 
McKnight, 161 
McLacklin, 64 
McMioner, 175 

Nalden, 142 

Nanptwiche, 37 

Nansemond, 81, 102, 167 

Nantillois, 276 

Nantipoison Neck, 369 

Napoleon, 96 

Nash, 236 

Nasthall, 386 

Naylor, 155 

Neale, 144, 148, 151, 264 

Neck of Land, 101, 103 

Neeley, 353 

Negroes, 41, 44, 192, et seq., 368, 

369; Runaway, 1729, 299, 300 
Neily, 353 
Nelson, 95, 96, no, in, 154, 188, 

191, 252 
Nephrininge, 148 
Neptune, ship, 219 
Netherland, 333 
Nethermarshe, 180 
Netherperton, 386 
Nettles, 365 
Nev son, 162, 163 
New Buckenham, 138 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 84 
Newcock, 364 
Newell, 252, 255, 351 
Newenden, 287 
New England, 171, 268 
Newenham, 86, 87 
Newes, 129 

Neives from Virginia, 391 
Newgate, 35 
Newham, 13 
Newhouse, 236, 237 
Newington, 187 
New Jersey, 80 
New Kent Co., 65, 68, 82, 121, 123, 

125, 139, 140, 209, 210, 239; 

Cavaliers in, 139, 140 



Newkirk, 282, 364 

New London, 115 

Newman, 154, 155, 158, 172, 259, 
264, 265, 334 

New Market, 80 

Newmayde, ship, 357 

New Norfolk Co., 66 

Newport News, 102, 104 

New River, 242, 347 

Newton, 145, 278, 362; Pleyeis, 
80, 183, 187; Wroth, 386 

New York, 23, 24, 170. 184; City, 

Nibley, 105 

Nicholas, 175, 254 

Nicholson, 208, 365, 366, 369 

Nivison, 168 

Nixon, 364 

Noble, 63 

Noel, 78 

Nokes Court, 236 

Nomterccola, 25 

Nonington, 378 

Norfolk, 40, 82, 135, 138, 258, 267, 
376, 382, v; County, 135, 174, 
175; England, 282, 283 

Norris, 153 

Norse, 142 

North, 11, 15, 148; Branch, 317; 
Britain, 67; Farnham Parish, 
91, 278; Carolina, 29, 31, 54, 55, 
171; Lord, 392; -umberland, 34, 
82, 298; -umberland Co., 141, 
208, 279; -umberland, Duke of, 
385, 392; -ampton, 82, 149, 150, 
344, 345; -ampton Co., 139, 142, 
143, 144, 146, 148, 326; -ampton- 
shire, 326, 363 

Northampton County, Land 
Certificates In, 142 et seq. 

Northen, 279 

Northern Neck, Documents 
Relative to the Boundaries 
of, 297 et seq; Report of Com- 
missioners on the, 314 et seq. ; 
Map of, Frontispiece, October 
Magazine; Reference to, 208; 
Note on Maps of, 298 

Norwich, 135, 139; ship, 228 

Notes on Queries, 65 et seq., 161 
et seq., 274 et seq., 361 et seq. 

Nottoway, 25 

Notts, 317 

Nowell, 256 

Nunes, 389 

Nunnally, 214, 334 

Nutt, 146 

Oakley, 381, 382 

Oaks, 156, 263 

Oatts, 172 

Obbine, 146 

O'Bissell, 66 

Ocupason, 368 

Offett, 77 

Ogg, 258, 264 

Ogill, 352 

Oglethorpe, 169 

Okeover, 283, 372 

Okiawampe, 142 

Oklahoma, University of, vii 

Oldham Co., 73 

Oldis, 323 

Oldmixon, John, 366, 367 

Old Plantation Creek, 223 

Oldtown, 182 

Olentey, 137 

Oliver, 27, 28, 133, 134, 162, 264, 

Ollantigh, 137 
Olmested, 37 
O'Neal, 250 
Ophaly, 88 
Opie, 141, 361 ; William, will 

(1641) with note, 141 
Orange County, 66, 70, 72, 73, 79, 

82, 96, 189, 283, 320, 361, 364, 

369; Court House, 77; County 

Marriages, 152 et seq., 256 et 

seq., 360 
Orchard, 98, 279 
Orinoco, 222 
Ormond, Duke of, 226 
Osbaston, 36 
Osborne, 99, 101, 102, 154, 155, 

205, 214, 352, 385, 388 
Ospringe, 129 
Ostenaco, 170 
Otes, 382 

Otterden, 285-293, 375-378, 382 
Overburry, 334 
"Over-the-Water", 326 
Overy, 26 

Owen, 144, 148, 162, 164, 214, 334 
Ower, 144 
Oxenden, 377 
Oxford, 53, 178, 182, 186, 365, 

3775 shire, 83, 185, 282; and 

Cambridge Review, 203 

Pace, 335; 's Paines, 99, 326 
Packe, 137 
Pacquett, 16 
Padgett, 256, 257 



Pagan Creek, 102 

Page, 7, 17, 59, 101, 190, 191, 257, 

258, 261, 262, 264, 298, 321, 358, 

361, 37i 
Paget, 384 
Paine, 214 
Painebeard, 150 
Painter, 148 
Pakham, 335 
Palmer, 148 
Pamunkey River, 103 
Pannill, 257 
Pamwell, 145 
Pansioela, 25 
Panton, 38 
Paramore, 99 
Parham, 161, 163, 168 
Parke, 141, 142, 367 
Parker, 149, 167, 214, 368 
Parkins (Perkins), 214 
Parkinson, 144 
Parks, 360 
Parkson, 143 
Parritt, 147 
Parrott, 152, 154, 360 
Parsons, 257 
Parry, 83 
Partin, 100, 101 
Pashbehayes, 99, 134, 221, 324 
Passeman, 103, 107, 335 
Pasting, 376 
Pate, 352 
Pathane, 214 
Patricksbourne, 377 
Patterson, 172, 252, 261, 335 
Patteson, ix 
Pattey, 365 
Patriot, ship, 255 
Pattica, 145 
Pattison, 215, 335 
Patton, 352 
Pawlet, 102 
Payne, 35, 152, 155, 156, 261, 262, 

Paynter, 145 
Peacher, 259 
Peachey, 367, 369 
Peaked Mountain, 171 
Pearce, 7J 
Pear is, 241, 242 
Pearman, 183 
Pearson, 59, 250, 261, 353 
Peary, George to Wm. Preston, 

Dec. 1782, 349 
Pease, 128 
Peay, 249 

Pead, 257 

Pece, 142 

Peeples, 163 

Peery, 352 

Pegram, 166, 's Battalion, 200 

Peirce, 102, 214, 320 

Pemble, 27 

Pembroke, 83, 129, 130, 340 

Penaby, 148 

Pence, 263 

Pencott, 147 

Pendleton, 74, 153, 154, 160, 251 

Penford, 142 

Penkergard, 141 

Penn, 163 

Penner, 144 

Pennsylvania, 80, 171, 172, 175, 

308, 310, 312, 314; Boundary 

Line, 308 et seq. 
Penny, 88 

Penruddock, 286, 387 
Penvoirs, 238 
Penzance, 174 
Peoples, 335 
Peppet, 102, 103 
Percival, 166 
Perkinson, 214 
Perlesforth, 376, 377 
Perquimans Co., 30, 32 
Perry, 11, 13, 22, 23, 24, 103, 104, 

153, 155, 324, 326, 335 
Persey, 99, 101, 108, 157, 219, 220, 

221, 222, 223, 320, 321, 322, 335 ; 

's Hundred, 101, 102 
Peter 67 
Petersburg, Va., 68, 201, 266, 375, 

Peterson, 161, 168, 335, 352 
Petherton, North, 386, 387 
Petite, 364 

Petre House, 183 ,186 
Petrockstowe, 141 
Petsworthe, 131 
Petty, 157, 256, 259 
Pew, 214 
Pewick, 283 
Peyton, vii 

Peyton, 63, 156, 365, 392 
Philadelphia, 54, 55, 270 
Philipott, 293, 294 
Phillips, 221, 107, 262, 298, 335 
Phillipson, 168 
Phillnmer, 342 
Phipps, 256, 267, 273 
Picket, 258, 360 
Pierce, 172, 265 



Pigeon, 335 

Piggitt, 250 

Pigot, 392 

Pilcewell, 282 

Pines, 257 

Pinetop Plantation, 192a 

Pinkie, 384 

Pinnock, 240 

Pinson, 239 

Pipper, 167 

Pitcher, 147, 154 

Pitchley Co., 343, 344 

Pitts, 307 

Pittsburgh, 169 

Pittsylvania, 82 

Plains, The, vii 

Plantation Creek, 108 

Plantation, ship, 3, 4 

"Plant Cutting", 117 et seq. 

Plate, 91, 190 

Platers, 29 

Pleasants, 83, 176, 214, 254, 375 

Pledge, 214 

Pleese, 64 

Plunkett, 155 

Plymouth, 5, 174, 326 

Point Comfort, 13 

Polesworth, 370, 371, 372 

Polland, 214, 215 

Pollard, 191, 254, 258 

Polley, 352 

Pomroy, 150 

Ponsford, 240 

Poole, 37, 188 

Poope, 240 

Poore (Poor), 33, 364 

Pope, 96 

Popeley, 220 

Poplar Creek, 166 

Porey, 10, 13, 18, 19, 22 

Porter, 11, 27, 136, 155, 214, 256, 

259, 262 
Port Glasgow, 67 
Poitlock, 214 
Postling, 377 
Potomac, 171, 297, 300, 302, 308, 

3io, 312 
Potomac River, 208, 303, 311, 315 
Pott, 5, 6, 8, 9, 97, 98, 99, 101, 103, 

104, 105, 106 107, 108, 143, 148, 

219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 320, 321, 

323, 324, 335, 364 
Potter, 93 
Potts, vii 
Poultney, 84, 178 

Pound, 152 

Powell, 104, 146, 155, 156, 164, 182, 
214, 257, 258, 364 

Powels Valley, 173, 242, 243 

Powhatan, 101, 102 

Poyntz, 185 

Poythress, 335 

Pratt, 374 

Prentes, 63 

Preschus, 144 

Prescott, 372, 382 

Pressey, 38 

Prestewould, 137 

Preston, 109, no, in, 112, 113, 
114, 115, 116, 173, vi 

Preston Papers, 169 et seq., 241 
et seq., 346 et seq. ; William, 
to Field Officers, Dec. 1782, 
346; to Col. Davies, Dec. 1782, 

Price, 144, 147, 151, 152, 153, 257, 

261, 280, 335 
Pri chard, 151 
Pride, 214 
Prince, 144 
Prince Edward Co., 82, 381, 382, 

Prince George Co., 67, 82, 101, 

102, 161, 165, 229, 248, 328, 341 
Prince George County Quit 

Rent Roll, 1704, 328 et seq. 
Prince William Co., 66, 74, 75, 76, 

82, 91, 249, 298, 359, 360, 361 
Princess Anne Co., 62, 82, 174, 


Princess Anne Co., Notes from 

Records of, 174 
Pritchett, 146, 335 
Proctor, 100, 263 
Prosser, 27, 59 
Pryne, 142 
Pryor, 150 
Prysadge, 134 

Public Record Office, British, 354 
Puckerall, 139 
Puckett, 215 
Purdie, 60 
Purfury, 102 
Purnell, 147 
Purton, 327 
Purvis, 13 
Pyckering, 385 
Pye, 236, 238 
Pyndar, 373 
Pytchley, 345 



Quarles, 35, 163, 164, 167, 257 

Quebec, 195 

Queenough, 297 

Quibblestown, 80 

Quick, 265 

Quinn, 265 

Quisenberry, 154, 156, 257, 262, 

263, 360 
Quit Rents, 17 
Quit Rent Rolls, Virginia, 1704, 

207 et seq. ; 328 et seq. 

Rachell, 335 

Ragsdale, 215 

Railey, 220 

Raines, Rains, 153, 155, 157, 256, 
367, ix 

Rainger, 33 

Raleigh, 30, 220 

Rail, 153 

Rampayne, 185 

Ramserath, 149 

Ramsy, Ramsay, Ramsey, 149, 150, 
282, 377 

Randolph, 24, 31, 91, 95, 96, 167, 
188, 215, 218, 248, 263, 299, 336, 
364, 377 ; Family, English Con- 
nections, 363 

Rant, 283 

Rapidan, 298, 318 

Rappahannock, 65, 297, 298, 301, 
302, 308, 309, 310, 372; County, 
277, 278; Creek, 279; River, 208, 

277, 300, 303, 315 
Ratcliff, 64, 239, 306 
Rawlings, 263 
Raye, 335 
Rayley, 324 
Raynes, 28 
Raynham, 132 
Reace, 335 
Reade, 33, 138, 154, 163, 164, 167, 

Reading, 335 
Reanes, 335 
Reas, 164 
Rector, 256 

Red Cross, 276; River County, 69 
Redder, 151 
Reddicon, 237 ,238 
Reddish, 261 
Redford, 215 
Redgrave, 40 
Redwood, 134 
Reed, 249; Creek, 173 

Reeks, 335 

Reid, 61 

Reily, 324 

Reins, 152, 265 

Reives, 351 

Religion, 44, 303 et seq. 

Fennolds, 153 

Religious Feud, in the Valley, 

A, 364 et seq. 
Rentfrow, 79 
Reppington, 282 

Revolution, Va. State Troops 
in, 58 et seq., 347 et seq., 359 
et seq.; in Virginia, 1 781 -2, 109 
et seq. ; in Virginia in 1782, 346 
et seq. ; Sons of the, 204 
Reyner, 36, 37, 39 
Reynolds, 151, 257, 262 
Rheas in Revolution, Note on, 350 
Rice, 352 

Rich, 148, 285, 286, 378, 384, 385; 
388, 389; of Leezs, England, 
390 et seq. ; Arms, 391 
Richard II, 381 
Richards, 326 

Richardson, 162, 336, 353, ix 
Richland, 243 
Richlands, 242 

Richmond City, Va., 82, 90, 1 01, 
195, 200, 201, 203, 276, 298, 375, 
vi; County, 91, 184, 188, 208, 
367, 368, 369; County, Notes 
from the Records of, 277 et 
seq., 367 et seq. 
Rickham, 265 
Rickner, 134 
Riddle, 154, ^55. 263, 265 
Rider, 281 

Ridley, 137, 162, 168 
Rimpton, 106 
Rinch, 147 
Rippett, 258 

Rippon, 91 ; Hall, 90, 368 
Risk, 364 

Rivers, 133, 136, 335. 339 
Rives, 161, 163, 164, 166, 168 
Roach, 154, 156 
Roagish, 38 

Roanoke, 31, 32, 166; River, 303 
Robbins, 240 
Robe, 247 

Roberson, 166, 266 
Roberts, 143, 144, 146, 149. 236, 

255, 335, 340 
Robertson, 142, 189, 215, 256 
Robins, 142, 146, 149, 150, 166, 326 



Robinson, 34, 36, 37, 39, 94, 146, 
152, 154, 157, 166, 251, 262, 265, 
278, 283, 335, 364, 384, x 

Rochester, 379 

Rochford, Earl of, 383 

Rockford, 390 

Rock Hall, 282 

Rockingham Co., 166 

Rodes, 154, 155 
264, 360 

Rodgers, 149 

Rodman, 70 

Rogers, 148, 150, 152, 263, 264, 

Rolfe, 102, 320 

Rolla, 77 

Roll of Honor — Correction, 276 

Rollings, 290 

Rome, 87 

Romney, 34; March, 129 

Rootes, 188 

Rose, 145, 254, 362, 363 

Rosegill, 191, 192 

Rosewall, 188 

Ross, 67, 253, 258, 364 

Rosser, 168 

Rotterdam, 12, 172 

Rouch, 215 

Rouen, 341 

Roughe Cattail, 387 

Rous, 135 

Routt, 263 

Rowe, Row, 68, 157, 261, 263 

Rowen, 215 

Rowland, 134, 147 

Rowlett, 215 

Rowse, 136 

Royal African Company, 41 

Royall, 215 

Royster, 252 

Rubie, 148 

Rucker, 77, 78, 79, 265, 276 

Ruffin, 163, 166, 168 

Rumney, 36, 147 

Rumsey, 154, 263 

Runion, 349 

Runkle, 152 
Rush, 364 
Rushidg, 129 

Russell, 139, 159, 181, 215, 218, 
316, 37i 

Rutherfield, 150 

Ryall, 138 

Rye Cove, 173, 242 

Saazar, 132 

Sabine Hall, 368 

S acker, 146 

Saidon, 353 

Sainsburg, 117, 225, 354 

St. Albans, 317; St. Alphage, 83, 
176; St. Andrew's Parish, 66; 
St. Anne's Parish, 276, 277; St. 
Augustine's Monastery, 291 ; St. 
Bartholomewes, 35; St. Bride's, 
183; St. Catherine's, 185; St. 
Catherine Cree Church, 130; St. 
Clements, Middlesex, 234; St. 
Edmunds Burg, 30; St. Faiths, 
178; St. George's Parish, 316; 
St. Giles, 340; St. John, 32, 150, 
327; St. John's Church, Hamp- 
ton, 197; St. John's College, 
Cambridge, 384 ; St. John's Hos- 
pital, 85; St. Kew, 141; St. 
Kitts, 367; St. Laurence, 84; St. 
Lawrence, Jewry, 390; St. Lau- 
rence Hospital, 87; St. Legh, 
286, 287; St. Leger of Otter- 
den, note on, 287; St. Leger, 
288, 290; St. Margaret, 381; St. 
Mark's, 72; St. Mark's Parish, 
70; St. Martin's, 84; St. Mar- 
tin's - in - the - Field, 342 ; St. 
Mary's Co., Md., 66, 278; St. 
Mary's Priory, Losenham, 286; 
9t Nicholas, ,382 ; St. Olave, 341 ; 
St. Paul's, 291 ; St. Paul's, Lon- 
don, 387; St. Peter's, 34, 38; 
St. Peter's Parish, 36; St. Ste- 
ven's, 327; St. Stephen, West- 
minister, 292; St. Thomas, 36; 
St. Thomas Hospital, 35; St. 
Thomas the Apostle (church), 
90; St. Waynard's, 237, 238 

Sair, 136 

Salem, 116, 361 

Salisburg, 83, 88 

Salmon, 336 

Samford, 238 

Samors, 238 

Sampson, 154, 155, 222, 239, 265 

Sanborne, 7 

Sandborne, 336 

Sanderidge, 156 

Sanders, 151, 159, 257, 259, 261, 
262, 263, 264, 353 

Sandford, 73, 157, 239, 257, 259, 
262, 278, 360 

Sandhilles, 180 

Sandye, 36 

Sandy River, 173 



Sandys, 66, 176, 380 

Sankard, 58 

Saponie, 25, 300 

Sargeant, 364 

Sarragin, 216, 218 

Sasafras River, 311 

Sasquehannah River, 313 

Saturday Review, 202 

Saunders, 107, 167, 325 

Saundfords, 239 

Saura Town, 166 ffi 

Savage, 143, 150, 336 

Savile, 138 

Sawyer, 324 

Saxby, 343 

Sayers, 352 

Sayre, 190 

Scarborough, 146, 147, 149 

Schench, 152 

School, free, 221 

Schooler, 360 

Sclater, 59 

Schuyler, 23, 24 

Scoking, 336 

Scott, 59, 69, 85, 88, 157, 215, 256, 

263, 326, 336, 342, 343, 362, 363, 

Scott, Dorothie, will (1650), with 

note, 342 
Scott's Hall, 342 
Scruggs, 215 
S eager, 34 
Seal, 152 
Seala Cell, 292 
Seaman, 341, 364 
Searley, 145 
Sebree, 154, 156 
Sedgeley, 370 
Segar, 192 
Selden, 198 
Self, 258 
"Selma", 375 
Senecas, 25 
Senserf, 12 
Sent, 259 
Sentell, 145 
Sentleger, 86 
Senuliano, 130 
Sermonor, 147 
Servants, 43, 45, 91, 97, 100, 105, 

219, 220, 221 
Seveaker, 336 
Severne, 143 
Sewell, 215 
Sewickley, 375 
Sexton, 336 

Shackleford, 71, 74, 76 

Shands, 161 

Shanks, 361 

Shannan, 69 

Sharley, 145 

Sharando, 315 

Sharp, 215 

Sharpies, 105, 323, 324, 325, 345 

Shaw, 88, 176, 294 

Shawne, 173 

Shear man, 26 2, 

Shelby, I73~ 

Shelfangeo, 138 

Shelford, 137 

Shelley, 36, 131, 178 

Shelton, 77, 79, 263 

Shelvingbourne, 293, 376, 377 

Shenandoah Valley of Va., 
Notes on, 170, 171 ; County, 55, 
170, 298; River, 171, 303 

Shenanto, 310 

Shepherd, 62, 249 

Sheppard, 138, 364 

Sherando, 310, 317 

Sherle, 144 

Sherrin, 215 

Sherringham, 40 

Sherwood, 21 

Sheryngton, 291, 292 

Shidonhurst, 177, 179 

Shieffield, 336 

Shield, 249 

Shields, 359 

Shiflett, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157 

Shilar, 156 

Shiplett, 258, 264 

Ships: Abigail 100, 223; Bless- 
ing, 100; Bona Nova, 320, 327; 
Deptford Ketch, 19, 20; Dum- 
barton, 17, 19; Duty, 219; Ed- 
win, 103; George, 97, 100, 105, 
220, 324, 325; Jonathan, 223; 
Liberty, 255; Lord Chatham, 
266, 271, 273; Ludlow Castle, 
307; London Merchant, 97, 324,- 
Margaret and John, 221, 325,' 
Neptune, 219; Newmayde, 357; 
Patriot, 255; Plantation, 3, 4; 
Swan, 09, 104, 324; Thomas and 
John, 323; Virgin, 103; War- 
wick, 99, 228; William C. 
Thomas, 105, 324 

Shipwin, 147 

Shirley, 4, 101, 105; Hundred, 
102, 104, 324 

Shoals House, 174 



Shoare, 145 

Shoebridge, 132, 133 

Short, 162 

Shoulden, 177, 179, 180, 181, 184 

Showett, 147 

Shrimpton, ~7 

Shuttleworth, 134 

Shutwell Bottome, 26 

Sikes, 14, 15 

Silvey, 258 ffi 

Simcoe, 96, 256 

Simes, Sims, 145, 153, 156, 157. 
220, 265, 360 

Simmonds, 153 

Simmons, 152, 167, 247 

Simpson, 239, 257, 360 

Singleton, 382 

Sion House, 384 

Sisk, 257, 258 

Sisson, 261 

Skinker, 95 

Skinner, 58, 63, 138, 147, 245 

Skipwith, 137 

Slate, 359 

Slater, 155, 264 

Slaughter, 71, 153, 251 

Slaves, 43, 91, 92, 93, 368, 369 

Slaytor, 157 

Sleet, 156, 256, 257, 259 

Sleighes, 37 

Sleight, 98, 101 

Smallwood, 99, 104 

Smally, 151 

Smart, 336 

Smeddmore, 32 

Smith, 26, 61, 93, 97, 98, 99, 105, 
128, 139, 142, 144, 146, 147, iSi, 
154, 158, 202, 215, 216, 219, 220, 
222, 223, 236, 252, 253, 254, 255, 
256, 257, 261, 265, 279, 280, 282, 
316, 336, 350, 358, 359, 363, 364, 
367, 369, 385, vn 

Smithfield, 102, 195, 187, 197 

Smonts, 256 

Smoot, 262 

Smyth, 5, 6, 9, 29, 99, 101, 103, 104, 
105, 106, 107, 108, 134, 321, 322, 

324, 325 
Smyther, 182 
Smythes, 132 
Snell, 152, 256, 263 
Snoode, 100 
Snow, 152, 154, 155, 156, 257, 261, 

262, 264, 360 
Snow Creek, 316 
Snowden, 374 

Soame, 134 

Soames, 36 

Soane, 215 

Sollett, 142 

Somerset, 374, 386, 387; Duke of, 

384, 389; -shire, 106 
Somerville, Tenn., 365 
Sondrish, 26 

Sone, Samuel, will (1605), 26 
Sorrille, 257 
Souatt, 149 
Southam, 344, 345 
Southampton, 82, 167, 168 
South Branch, 317 
South Carolina, 55 
Southerne, 99, 322 
Southern Literary Messenger, 195 
Southey, 106, 145 
Southfleete, 28, 29 
South Littleton, 139 
Southwarke, 35, 36 
Southwarneborne, 84 
Sower, 153 
Sowthcote, 86 
Spain, 42, 177, 336 
Spaines Hall, 136 
Spence, 9 
Spencer, 120, 122, 125, 229, 230, 

231, 355, 356, 358 
Spencer, Secretary, Letter, July 

16, 1683, 355 et seq. 
Spencer, Secretary Nicholas, 
Letter to Committee of Trade 
and Plantations, March 1682- 
3, and May 1683, 229, 232 
Spicer, 256, 278 
Sprig, 262 
Springhill, 80 
Spotsylvania Co., 82, 93, 187, 188, 

189, 316 
Spotswood, 60, 318 
Spylman, 377 
Squies, 240 
Stables, 36 
Stafford, 82, 298, 368; County, 66, 

208, 315; -shire, 281, 283 
Stahlmaker, 169 
Stamford, 37, 375, 381 
Stamforth, 376, 377 
Stamper, 351 
Stanard, 151, 253, 361, ix 
Standback, 336 
Stanfast, 146 
Stanley, 215 
Stanlyes, 128 
Stanton, 349 



Stany, 149 

Stanwix, 169 

Staten Island, 183, 184, 187 

Statesfield, 288 

Staunton, 141, 171 

Steaning Parish, 131 

Steed, 168 

Steel, 157 

Steet, 256 

Stent, 105 

Stepevens, 173 

Stephen, 169, 228, 352, 356, 362 

Steptoe, 283 

Sterdivant, 61 

Sterling, 67 

Sterrett, 146 

Stevens, 143, 261, v 

Stevenson, 138, 265 

Steventon, 33 

Steward, 215, 218 

Stewart, 67 

Stirry, 129 

Stith, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 

Stoake, 33 
Stockden, 6 
Stockell, 387 
Stockton, 220 
Stoff, 151 
Stokes, 168, 255 
Stonard, 27, 389 
Stone, 28, 62, 65, 66, 67, 145, 164, 

Stone Families in Va., Origin 

of, 65 et seq. 
Stoner, 389 
Stonewood, 28 
Stooke Parish, 133 
Stovall, 215 
Stowers, 216, 259, 360 
Strafford, Earl of, 363 
Straghan, 263 
Strasburg, 171, 385 
Straton, 392 
Straw, 258 
Streete, 33 
Strickeland, 32 
Stringfellow, 155 
Strodewick Woods, 387 
Strother, 264; -stuart, 84 
Stroud, 336 
Stuard, 364 

Stuart, 200, 341, 374, vii 
Stubblefield, 158, 360 
Sturdivant, 336 
Sturman, 66 

Sturmy, 282, 370, 371, 373 

Suares Marsh, 133 

Suave Parish, 129 

Such, 150 

Suffolk, 29, 30, 286, 376, 381, 392; 
County, 40; England, 238, 239; 
Duke of, 385 

Sugar Run, 242 

Suggett, 279 

Sullivan, 264 

Sulyard, 382 

Sumpter, 169, 170 

Surrey, 130, 187, 293 

Surry, 82, 102, 147, 161, 168 

Surry County, 31, 67, 68, 165 

Sussex, 131, 185, 293, 387; County, 

Sutherland, 156 

Sutton, 152, 281 

Sutton, Colfield, 282 

Sutton, East, 342, 343 

Sutton's Hospital, 183 

Swamp, 145 

Swan, Swann, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 
32, 149; Charles, will (1618) 
with note, 29; Richard, will 
(1609), 27; Sir William, will 
(1619), 28; of Va. and N. C, 
family record, 30 et seq. ; 's 
Point, 30, 31 

Swanscombe, 28 

Swansey, 137 

Swanson, 145 

Swem, 298 

Swift, 130, 144, 351 

Swindel, 151 

Swinton, 149 

Swook, 253 

Sylvester, 36 

Symmons, 336 

Symons, 240 

Syms Free School, 221 

Taburd, 336 

Tailo, 131 

Tait, 67 

Talasse, 169, 170 

Talbot, 60 

Talesworth Abbey, 281 

Taliaferro, J2, 154, 188, 259, 264, 

283, 316, 318 
Talley, 337 
Tamworth, 370 
Tancock, 216, 218 



Tandall, 31 

Tanner, 216 

Tapley, 336 

Tappahannoc, 102 

Tatham, 337 

Tatum, 154, 160, 258, 264 

Taverner, 369 

Taxation by General Assembly 

of Virginia, 230 
Tay, 154 _ , 

Tayloe, 188, 368, 369 
Taylor, 60, 70, 71. 73, 77, 142, 144, 

148, 150, 151, 153, 168, 196, 216, 
221, 242, 257, 258, 259, 261, 264, 
265, 336, 337, 360 

Tazewell, 58, 161, 162, 168, 249 

Teage, 150 

Tedbourne St. Mary, 239 

Teel, 154, 157, 262 

Tellico River, 169 

Temple, 144, 337 

Tenacre, 388, 389 

Tennant, 174, 374 

Tennessee, 169, 170, 172, 189 

Tenterden, 180 

Terrell, Terrill, 75, 143, 153, 154, 

259, 262 
Terry, 254 
Tester, 337 
Texana, 69 
Texas, 69 
Thaw, 375 
Theobald, 176 
Theydon Bois, 386 
Thomas, 36, 38, 139, 142, 146, 149, 

235, 277, ix; and John (ship), 

Thompson, Thomson, 31, 139, 144, 

149, 154, 258, 259, 265, 319 
Thornberry, 100 

Thorne, 144 

Thornhill, 258, 262, 337 

Thornhurst, 33 

Thornton, 157, 168, 187, 188, 251, 

256, 257, 264, 316, 365; River, 

Thorpe, 105 
Three Creeks, 165 
Threlfall, 344, 345 
Throckmorton, Throgmorton, 6, 

7, 39, 105, 106, 108, 130 
Thoroghgood, 174, 175 
Thropp, 144 
Thrower, 337 
Throwleigh, 287 
Thunderley, 392 

Thweatt, 163, 165, 337 

Tibbs, 132 

Tice, 151 

Tillett, 147 

Tillman, 168, 336 

Timberlake, Henry, 169 et seq. 

Tinder ,259 

Tinley, 353 

Tinsley, 77 

Tios, 327 

Tipping, 343 

Tithables in Va., 1773, 81 et seq. 

Tobacco, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 18, 21, 
47, 49, 97, 98, 100, 104, 1 17-124, 
220, 229, 233, 266 et seq., 271, 
272, 279, 324; Smoking, 22; 
Trade, 1729, 304 et seq. 

Todd, 182 

Tomkies, 253 

Tomlin, 147, 367 

Torn! in son, 64, 336 

Tompkins, 61, 188 

Tompson, 137 

Tooker, 336, 337 

Toppin, 1 1 

Tottenham, 387 

Totty, 216 

Totuskey, 279; Creek, 278, 279 

Towns, 12, 44, 165 

Trabue, 73, 75 

Transylvania Company, 55 

Travers, 14, 278, 279, 369 

Traylor, 216 

Treasurer's Plantation, 327 

Trent, 216 

Trevethan, 174 

Trew, 33, 34 

Trigg, 242 

Trigwitha, 174 

Trinity College, Cambridge, 39, 

Triplett, 62 
Trueheart, 170 
Truman, 151 
Trusse, 180 
Tucker, 6, 9, 99, 101, 108, 151, 179, 

219, 220, 222, 223, 264, 320, 321, 

322, 337 
Tullie, 373 
Tullock, 262 
Tumely, 152 
Tunstall, ix 
Tupper, 266, 273 
Turberfield, 337 
Turberville, 32, 33, 38, 86, 144, 151, 

152, 166, 216, 254, 262, 368; 



John, will (1634) with note, 32; 

William, will (1631), 32; Arms, 

(1631), 32; Arms, 34 
Turfett, 89, 90 
"Turkey Island", 363, 364 
Turnbull, 168 
Turpin, 216, 218 
Turskerora, 23 
Twyman, 154, 155. 157, 259, 263, 

Twyning, 386 
Twisden, 179 
Twitty, 168 
Tybinton, 371 
Tychbourne, 131 
Tyler, 239, ix; 's Quarterly, 322 
Tymes, 344, 345 
Tyndall, 138 

Ulcomb, 287 

Underwood, 59, 277 

University of Virginia, 195, 199. 

Upton, 107 
Urbanna, 95, 192, vii 
Urelawt, 364 
Urwick, 201 
Uty, 97, 98 

Vaden, 216 

Valentine, ix 

"Vancluse", 283 

Van Cortlandt, 23, 24 

Varder, 36 

Varlee, 148 

Vawter, John, will (1752), 77, 7* 

Veatch, 264 

Venereal disease, 1729, 306 

Verdun, 275 

Vernon, 36, 261 

Vernor, 39 

Veryan, 240 

Via, 156 

Villare Cantianutn, 293 

Vims, 258 

Vincent, 36, 151 

Vinniard, 152 

Virginia in 1681-2, 41 et sey., 117 

et seq., 235 et seq., 354 et seq. 
Virginia, Tithables in, 1773. 81 et 

seq.; Royal overnment in, 208; 
Economic History of, 208 
Virginia Gleanings in England 
(Wills) : 

Banister, John, (1650), 128 
Broadnix, Thomas, (1654), 129 
Chamberlayne, Edward Pye, 

(1729), 235 
Chamberlayne, Thomas, (i749)i 

Clopton, William, (1640), 238 
Collyer, John, (1650), 130 
Farnfolde, William, (1610), 131 
Fleete, Debora, (1652), 342 
Foote, Johan, (1653), 239 
Foote, William, (1653), 240 
Gryme, John, (1645), 132 
Ham, Elizabeth, (1628), 133 
Hothersoll, Thomas, (1620), 

Isham, Dame Anne, (1627), 

Isham, Sir Euseby, (1627), 343 
Isham, John, (1627), 344 
Kemp, Anthony, (1614), 135 
Kemp, Arthur, (1645), 135 
Kempe, Dorothie, (1629), 136 
Kendall, Henry, (1638), 138 
Kendall, Stephen, (1611), 138 
Kendall, Thomas, (1621), 138 
Langston, Anthony, (1633), 139 
Laniere, Elinor, (1652), 340 
Lanier, John, (1650), 340 
Opie, William, (1641), 141 
Scott, Dorothie, (1650), 342 
Swan, Charles, (1618), 29 
Swann, Richard, (1609), 27 
Swan, Sir William, (1619), 28 
Swone, Samuel, (1605), 26 
Turberville, John, (1634), 32 
Turberville, William, (i63i),32 
Walthall, Luke, (1613), 38 
Walthall, Thomas, (1613), 38 
Walthall, William, (1608), 34 
Woodhouse, Henry, (1625), 40 

Virginia Historical Society, Of- 
ficers and Members, Jan. 1920, 
January 1920 Magazine; Pro- 
ceedings of Annual Meeting, 
July Magazine ; Circular in re- 
gard to, 274, 275 ; References to, 
203, 204, 205 

Va. State Library, 354 

Virginia War History Commis- 
sion, 275 

Volkert, 149 



Waddel, 159 

Wade, 151, 351 

Waggoner, 262 

Walcott, 37, 39 

Wales, 185 

Walke, 175 

Walker, 60, 62, 65, 155, 167, 209, 

252, 276; 's Creek, 173 
Walkern, 182 
Wall, 164, 250, 338, 353 
Wallace, 156, 257, 358 
Waller, 59, 188 
Wallinger, 237 
Wallington, 130, 186 
Wallis, 129, 157, 263, 338 
Walpoole, 40, 338 
Wallyrane, 145 
Walters, 154, 257, 258, 263 
Walterton, 142 
Walthall, 216, 217; Luke, will 

(1613), 38; Thomas, will (1613) 

with note, 38; William, will 

(1608), 38 
Walton, 154, 155, 156, 167, 264, 

Wampum, 23 
Wandringe, 38 

War History Commission, Vir- 
ginia, 275 
War Notes, 275, 276, 361 
Warburton, 372 
Ward, 89, 144, 151, 216, 217, 351, 

Ware, 239, 240 
Warhorne, 27 
Warings, 372 
Wariscoyack, 97 
Warren, 58, 143, 144, 149, 276; 

County, 165 
Warriners House, 180 
Warrisquoiacke, 102 
Warwick, 17, 82; County, 134, 

207, 325 ; River, 102 ; Lane, 387 ; 

-shire, 281, 282; (ship), 99 
Washington, 55, 62, 74, 76, 91, 

112, 188, 268, 319, vii; County, 

242, 243, 245, 350; Parish, 277 
Waterman, 180 
Waters, 143, 148, 326 
Watkins, 6, 33, 144, 167, 216, 217, 

241, 253, 259, 312, 366; Point, 

Watson, 156, 216, 257, 264, 265 
Watterson, 151 
Watts, 149, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 

157, 160, 258, 259, 262, 263, 264, 

265, 360 

Waugh, 154, 157, 365 

Waxtonsham, 40 

Wayland, 152, 265, 360 

Wayne, 3, 4; County, 172, 174 

Wayt, 153, 265, 360 

Webb, 31, 151, 153, 216, 217, 257, 
263, 279, 339 

Webbs, 141 

Webster, 98, 145 

Wedderburn, 188 

Weede, 143 

Weekes, 324 

Wei re, 278 

Welch, 153, 158 

Wei don, 38 

Wentworth, 391 ; Lord, 294 

West, 9, 64, 69, 101, 102, 103, 104, 
106, 107, 108, 138, 147, 187, 219, 
220, 223, 320, 321, 322, 324, 225; 
Burton, 33; Indies, 129, 282, 
367; -hache, 385; -ham, 384; 
Point, 102; Point, N. Y., vii; 
Virginia, 77, 298 

West and Shirley Hundred, 100. 

Westcott, 239, 240 

Westham, 38 

Westminster, 292, 342, 368; Ab- 
bey, 178 

Westmoreland, 82, 298, 369; Club, 
203 ; County, 34, 66, 80, 208, 277, 
277, 278, 368 

Weston, 102, 182 

"Westover", 102, 198 

Westwood, 61, 64 

Weyanokes, 101, 322 

Weyer's Cave, 276 

Wharton, 155 

Wheateley, 128 

Whianoacks, 102 

Wheeler, 128, 143 

Whiddon, 175 

Whitaker, 237 

Whitby, 151, 182, 216 

White, 58, 84, 85, 86, 87, 142, 143, 
153. 154. 157, 167, 172, 221, 257, 
261, 263, 265, 338, 351, 360; Hall, 
124, 125, 225, 227; Post, 374 

Whitehead, 168 

Whitelaw, 153, 155, 156, 262, 265 

Whiting, 188 

Whitston, 240 

Whittle, 276 

Whorwood, 282 

Wirk, 338 

Wie, 179 

Wieiand, 148 



Wigg, 324, 325 

Wightgift, 88 

Wilbourn, 364 

Wilcox, Wilcocks, 5, 8, 108, 146, 

149, 156, 326 
Wiles, 262 
Wilkinson, 59, 217 
Wilks, 58, 133, 168, 338 
Willan, 185 
Willett, 73, 256 
William and Mary College, 91, 

189, 204; Grammar School, 90; 

Quarterly, 130, 239, 341 
William and Thomas, ship, 105, 

Williams, 55, 80, 143, 144, 147, 149. 

151, 152, 164, 167, 188, 216, 256. 

258, 264, 338, 360, 364, 365, 361 

362; College, 204 
Williamsburg, 54, 62, 91, 157, 167, 

170, 189, 220, 307, 314, 368 
Williamson, 216, 338, 361, 362 
Willis, 144, 145, 147, 162, 163, 165, 

167, 317 
Willison Bible Records, 67 et 

Willoughby, 59, 102 
Willows, 145 
Wills, 180, 251 
Wills and inventories, order in 

regard to, 1627, 8 
Wilson, Willson, 147, 166, 217, 

221, 364; Col. George, 80 
Wiltshire, 327 
Wilton, 26 
Wilverden, 180 
Wimbledon, 26, 128, 240 
Wimpole, 137 
Winchester, 102, 275, 321 
Windley, 151 
Windward Islands, 222 
Winfield, 166 
Wingfield, 131, 338 
Wingod, 233 

Winifrith Newborough, 32, 33 
Winkles, 338 
Winn, 146 
Winningham, 338 
Winslow, 261, 263 
Winsser, 166 
Winston, 366 
Winteer, 237 
Winthrop, 239 
Wise, 162 
Witcher, 352 
Witchett, 338 

Witherden, 180 

Wolbridge, 32, 33 

Woll, 33 

Wolley, 220 

Wollies, 131 

Wolsey, 383 

Womack, 217, 338 

Woman, A Southern, in War 

Time, 361 
Wombourne, 371 
Wood, 128, 138, 139, 147, 148, 150, 

152, 154, 156, 157, 190, 191, 217, 

257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 263, 352 
Woodbridge, 278, 279 
Woodburne, 340 
Woodfield, 147 

Woodford, 187, 188; County, 79 
Woodhouse, Henry, will (1625), 

with note, 40 
Woodlief, 167, 338 
Wooldridge, vi 
Woodroffe, 292 
Woodson, 216, 364 
Woodstock, 185 
Woodward, 338 
Wooley, 145 
Woolrich, 324 
Woolwich, 176, 178, 182 
Wooten, 250 

Worcester Co., 139 ; -shire, 282 
Workman, 140 
Wormeley, 14, 191, 192, 283, 358; 

Hertfordshire, 384 
Worple Road, 128 
Wo r sham, 217 
Wortham, 144, 338 
Wotton, 377, 388 
Wrenn, 143 
Wright, 28, 104, 151, 154. 157, 220, 

256, 257, 259, 263, 264, 282, 324, 

375- 387 
Wroth, 285, 286, 378, 379. 390, 392 ; 

of Enfield, Middlesex, Eng., 

383 et seq. ; Sir Thomas, will 

(I57S), 385 et seq. 
Wrotham, 140 
Wyant, 157 

Wyatt, 6, 140, 338, 342, 343, 389 
Wyche, 162, 163, 167 
Wye, 29, 136, 180 
Wylie, 348 
Wynatt, 352 
Wynfarthinge, 138 
Wynne, 86, 108, 298, 338 
Wythe Co., 172 
Wytheville, 347 



Yale University, 204 

Yarborough, 25 

Yarley, 89 

Yarmouth, Great, 138 

Yates, 256, 263, 360 

Yeardley, 3, 5, 6, 97, 98, 99, 101, 
103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 144, 
146, 147, 149, 219, 222, 223, 319, 
321, 322, 325 

Yeates, 364 

Yelverton, 282, 283 

Yem, 235 

Yeoman, 147 

Yonge, ix 

York, 17, 24, 60, 61, 82, 130, 137, 
151, 176, 191, 258, 259, 368; 
County, 65, 90, 103, 133, 134, 140, 
239, 283, 319, 325; Parish, 133; 
River, 102, 239, 223; -town, 95, 
96; Archbishop of, 380; -shire, 
91, 219, 220 

Young, 143, 176, 258, 338, 352 

Younger, 280 

Yowell, 153, 154 

Ypres, 282 

Zalleman, 143