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The Vocabulary which now appears in print was 
collected a few years ago. Since it was laid on the 
shelf, I have had the pleasure of receiving one 
published by missionaries of an American Society 
at Good Hope, west coast of Africa. The name of 
the author is not given. I have availed myself of 
its contents to the full extent by incorporating in 
the present work all that was new to me, regarding 
the common object which we both have in view as 
a sanction for my action, while in return I freely 
offer my labours to my American friends. Two 
different methods have been adopted in the reduc- 
tion of the Mende language from the very com- 
mencement, as regards orthography. The American 
missionaries have adopted what we may call a 
euphonic system, giving different forms to diffe- 
rent vowel-sounds; while the missionaries of the 
Church Missionary Society have adopted the system 

Eroposed by Dr. R. Lepsius, of Berlin, and which 
as been approved by all Missionary Societies in 
Europe, as well as by many Literary Societies, 
and will ere long supersede all other systems of 
writing foreign languages in Eoman characters. 
We, on our part, can adopt no other system, and 
at the same time do not give up the hope that 
our American friends will see the necessity of 
adopting the same themselves ere long. All are 
agreed that it is not only a disadvantage, but a great 
hindrance, to the cause of missions and the spread 

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of learning, to write the same language and the 
same translations of Scripture in two different ways, 
and it cannnt hut prove a great ohstacle to the 
teaching of English in the schools. I do not mean 
to propose the particular orthography I have 
atlopted, though I am convinced that it is in harmony 
with Dr. Lepsius' system ; but would suggest it to 
our friends as a basis for future consideration, and I 
shall be glad to listen and attend to any proposition 
froni them which may lead to the adoption of a 
uniform system. 

Brotherly intercourse between the agents of the 
two societies is very desirable, as well as an inter- 
change of works. Had such existed hitherto, it 
would not have happened that "The Principles of the 
Mende Grammar, with Specimens of the Language," 
which was published in the Mende Mission in Sher- 
bro, in 1874, should never have reached me until 
April, 1883, and, as it happened, on the very day 
when the first copy of my little Grammar * came into 
my hands from the printer. If I had had the book 
earlier I should have benefited by it. But as no altera- 
tion can now be made, let both go together. The 
vocabularies, though extensive, are after all but the 
beginning of the reduction of the language : every 
year will add new matter, and in this way we shall 
gradually get a complete dictionary. We do not 
despise the day of small things. No English-Mende 
vocabulary has been published before, as far as I am 

That these first attempts may be of some use to 
us, and become the stepping-stone to greater works, 
is the prayer of the author to the Giver of every 


Palm Cottage, New Brompton, Kent, 
October 29{h, 1883. 

'•' " Grammar of the Mende Language." London, 1882. 

Digitized by VjOOy ItT 





A, prep., with, to, unto ; by, 
at, in. Wuwaatienyay^, 
Come ye with them, i.e. 
bring them to me. Ke ti 
wa a toi. And they» came 
with, i.e. they brought 
the horse 

A, interrog. adv., where? 
Tifa a ndowoi Tifa? 
Where is the horn? A 
bi ke. Where is the father? 

K,pers. ;:;row., 3 per. sing., he, 
she, it ; and 2 per. plu., ye 

A, pers. pron, neg., he, she, 
it not 

A, interj. of surprise, asto- 
nishment, delight 

A-bie, comp. per. pr(m.,2 per. 
sing., thou and thee 

Aeja and aeya, expressions 
of surprise and sorrow 

Almbo and aoumbo, expres- 
sions of regret 

Aiya, expression of pity 
Aiyo, adv., yes; a strong 

Akpogbe, expression of sur- 
prise * 
Alenga, adv., unitedly, to- 
A-mue, comp. pron., 1 per. 

plu.*, we ; us, to us 
A-nge, pron., 1 per., I ; me, 

A-ngie, pron., he, him, her 
A5u, adu., yes; expression 

of astonishment 
A- tie, pron., they, them 
A-wue, pron., ye, you, yours 
Aye, interrog. adv., how ? 


Ba, pers. pron., 2 per. sing., 

thou, thy 
Ba, pcrs. pron., neg., thou not 
Ba = pa = wa, tr. v., to kill, 

to hurt, to injure, to de- 


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prive of. Numui i ngi 
mba lalo, ta ngi balo ta be, 
Any one who shall kill his 
companion, shall be killed 
also. I ngi ba ngi nav9i 
va, He has killed him for 
the sake of his money 

Ba, n,, honour, respect, 
worthiness. Niimui Ji 
balo ngi ma. As to this 
man, honour is on him, 
i.e. he is worthy, deserving 
of. Ba g5 and ba do, give 

Ba = mba, definite state bai, 
plu. balsia, n., price, 
value; ba gbango, very 
dear, valuable. Measure, 
the standard measure, as 
" bar *' in bartering— ba- 
ygla, one bar 

Ba=mba, w., jaw, cheek 

Ba=mba, w., food, meat. 
Gbe ba lo bi l5ni hi me? 
What food is it you want 
to eat? 

Ba, n., musical instrument 
made of reeds and cala- 

Ba, with ma, to fail to have 
something, as, I ba hani 
ma i ye 15i la. He failed to 
have or to obtain the thing 
he wanted ; to waver, be 
in doubt ; I bani, he 
wavered not; to impose 
upon, to take advantage 
of one's weakness or igno- 

" Baa-wele, w., rectangular 

Baba, def. st. bab^i^plu. ba- 

belsia, w., hut, booth, 
temporary shelter made 
of reeds. A bab§i Ji vaya 

Babon, w., jug 

Baga, def. st. bagei, »., pay- 
ment, glory 

>, tr, v., to honour, to 
respect; with ma, Ngi 
bago bi ma, I honour theo; 
to value, to overrate. Nge 
bago nya levui ma be 

Bahu, def. st. bahiii, n., seed 

Bai gglenda, to count the 
cost ; with or without ma 

Baia = baya, as, baia hinda, 
treachery, hypocrisy; also 
traitor, hypocrite, with or 
without mo 

Baji, w., snuff-horn 

Bak^li, w., watch-house be- 
tween the barricades of 
a town 

Bala = pala = wala, verb, n., 
killing. Nikabalamahoa 
nja niimu bala ma ihSnni, 
To kill a cow is lawful, to 
kill a man is not lawful 

Bala, n., basket 

Bala (see Mbala), w., sheep 

Balf = gbale = kpale, tr. v., to 
hurt, cause pain ; intr., to 
grieve, to feel pain. I 
gbalf t^ ma gbon. It 
grieved them much 

Bale = mbala, n., sheep ; nya 
balei, my sheep 

Ball, n., hide and seek play 

Ball-yftra, n., mat with un- 
twisted threads, woven by 

Bail, tr. v., to vomit, to 
throw out 

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Bamandf/n., bell 

Bamba-kuta, or merely 
kiita, n., tower 

Bamo, w., one who kills. 
Numn bfimo, murderer 

Banda-b§la, n., Mende blue 
cloth with darker stripes 

Bandf-bande, n., gossip, 
foolish deceptive talk 

Bandi = gbandi = kpandi, 
adj., warm, hot 

Banga, adj,, big, great, 
large. Ta-moi bangaiigo, 
the man is very great. 
Madagaska ti bangawa 
mia, Madagascar is a very 
large island 

Bange, w., cheek, side of 

Bango-bango, bangolo, adv., 
loudly, noisily; used of 

Bango, w., stationary 
wooden seat in a barre 

Bango ye le nemahu, with- 
out, destitute of sense, 

Bao = baw6, tr, v., to save 
to heal, to' cure, to deliver, 
to justify. Ngi nyaba-loi 
i ye baoi ikpelf yakpei na 
ma la. Her daughter was 
healed the very same 
hour. Intr,f to be well. 
Nya bawSngo le ngi loni 
a hale, I am well, I have 
no need of medicine. I ti 
baoa. He healed them. 
Tegiia baola. They cannot 
be saved, or cannot save 

Ba^la, fi, verb, n,, healing 

Baongo = bawongo, to be 
free; literally, thou art 
thy own 

Bara, tr. and intr., to miss 
one's aim. Tibara pel6i 
ma. They missed the road 

Bato, (I think) thou seest. 
Sometimes interchanged 
with ngato. It is more 
likely to mean " perhaps" 

Batoke, w., a term applied 
to things unseemly 

Bawa, n., mercy, grace 

Bawo, w., health; a^J., 

Bawola, ei, w., salvation, 

Baya, w., deceit, fraud, 
cheat; tr. v., to deceive, 
to defraud 

Baya- mo, w., deceiver, hypo- 

Ba-yili, w., a bundle of rice, 

BS, pers. pron.y 2 per. sing., 

Be,pers.^rem.,neg.,thou not. 
Be li, Thou shalt not go 

Be and bee, you say, say- 

Be, adv., also, even ; as, like 

Be = mbg, def. st. bei, self, 
myself*; nya be, I myself 

Be, adv., here, at this place. 
Nya yenge lo be, My 
work is* here. Bi wa bei, 
Thou mightest come here 

BS, tr. v., t6 dry, to be. 
*Bengo, as ngama bengo, 
dry eye = § lua, he is not 
afraid = is impertinent, 
bold. Ndima bengo i 

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dewe ndogbo hania gbi 
ma, 'literally, His heart is 
dry, it surpasses all the 
beasts of the forest = he 
is more cruel, fiercer, etc. 
Bengo, to be becoming 

Bee,'w., mark 

Bebe, adj., soft, easy, flexi- 
ble. I gbio b§b§ngo. 
Which is easy 

Begbele, adv., this time; and 

Bei,'def.*st. of mba, n., rice. 
Nya-bei nyandengo. My 
rice is good 

Beindo, adv., here, this 
place. _Ta lobendo,He is 
here. I beindo. He is not 

Bei yaka, this side 

B|ke, def. st. ei ; plu. bekea, 
def. st. bekeisia ; «., arm, 
branch, members of the 
body. Ta ngiilu bekea 
dewe. They cut branches 
off the tree 

Beke, n., Larva of the beetle 

Beke, adj., like. Koloi Ji 
beke na 

Bela, tr. v. = wela, to run 
away, to escape 

B^la, def. st. belesia, and 
baleisia, forming the plu. 
of *mo ; as, lemo, plu. 
leb€la, lebalesia. Kpowa- 
mo,' plu. kpOwab^la, def. 
St. kpowa belesia,' foolish 

B61a, tr. v., to tear, to rend. 
1 ngi golesia b§la, He 
rends his garments. Intr., 

to burst, to split; as, i 
bSla ndia. It was torn 
asunder, i.e. in the midst 

Bele = mbf le, n., glory, 
honour. ^Nyabeleingima 
= My honour' is not on 
him, i.e. he is not worthy 
of me. Ti ti bele nyani. 
They spoiled, i.e. dis- 
honoured, them. Nyib6l@ 

Bele, tr. v., to notice, to 
watch; take notice of. 
Mahoungo wu wu nyamei 
bele hou. Ti ngi bele 
houi lo gbon 

Bele-gbemo, one who pre- 
dicts by stones 

Bele-gotu, stones used in 

Bell, w., high bed 

Bell, tr. v., to drain, to ebb, 
to get dry. NJe belingo 
le, The water dries, de- 
creases, abatos. NJe i 

Beli, adj., skilful, clever; 
tr. v., to know, to under- 
stand how to do a thing. 
Ngi loni ngi wea ngulu- 
beli-nio, I wish to become 
a clever workman in 

Bembe, tr. v., to compass, to 
surround. Bembe mbe- 
mbe ggla hii] Wrapped 
him in 'clothes 

Beme, n., land sloping 
with gentle descent 

Beme, n., a kind of wasp ; 
the style of cutting the 
hair which leaves only 

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the top of the head 

Berg, n., trousers 

B|t§, tr, v., to exalt, to bless 

Bewu or begu, adj., limber 

Beye, w., scent of the musk- 

Beyg, adj., weak, feeble, 

Bi, Tpers. pron., thou, thy, 
thee. Bi viili, thyself 

Bl,per8. prcwi.,neg.,notthou, 
thou not 

Bia, pers. |)row.,emph., thou ; 
bia be, thou thyself 

Bi = gbi, all 

Bia = gbia = Kpia 

Bibi, adj., big, overgrown 

BibI, n., Bibl-yafe, imper- 
sonation of the Hemo 

Bie = bi ye or bi we, thou, 
thee, to thee 

Bije = biye, def. st. bijei = 
biyei, I, niime 

Belelsia, def. st., plu., 

Bili = will = pili, often 
heard like pli, tr, v., to 
throw, to cast; intr., to 
jump into a boat, to dis- 
charge or fire a gun 

Bili and biliya, n., circum- 

Bima, ohj. pron.y emph. 
form, thee 

Bime = pime, intr. v., to run 
away; a pime, by running 

Binda, arfj. pron., thy own 

Bind$=windf, intr. v., to 
jump, to leap 

Binjando, tufted 

Bise, n., thanks, or thanks 
to thee 

Bisui, w., a nut used in 
preparing a vegetable 

Bitili, adj., unbroken, whole 

Biyo, adj., noisy, disorderly 

Biyo-hinda, n., mob, uproar, 

Bo, n. , thing. Nya go a bo Ji 

Bo = mbo, tr, v., to dig, to 

Bo, the expression Pshaw! 
Contempt, disdain 

Bo, tr, v., to shoot, to prick, 
to pierce; to strike, to 
knock, to stab. I ngi boa 

Bo = bolo, n,, neck, throat 

Bobou and bobo, adj., 
smooth, soft 

Bogbole, n., a wasp with 
blue wings and yellow 
striped sides 

Bogoti, n., tub, bucket, pail 

Boil^po, n., boy, male ser- 

Bola, tr. v., to make a mis- 
take ; to miss one's aim. 
I bola pelei mo 

Bola, n., bag*, cup = mbola, 
to wrest from 

Bola = mbola, n., neck, 
throat; JDolahu, in the 
throat. Nya b9l6 hui 
bengo wo. The inside of 
my throat was dry once 
= I was thirsty 

Bolf = gbolf, tr. v., to drink 

B$l| = mbglf , blind ; b$l§- 
ngo, to be blind, dim of 

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Bolemo, w., blind prson 

Boll, w., large basin 

Bglo, name of a charm or 
fetish. Kgni bglo fete ta 
kali nasia wiii hii 

Bglo, n., lap, bag, closed by 
a string 

Bglo, n,y sack 

B5lo, plu. boloisia, w., kit- 

Bolg, plu. boloa, w., neck- 
cap = bora. Ko bgro, n., 

Bolomu-lende, n., paddle 
canoe. 'Bolgrau-lala, long 
steerman's paddle 

Boma, ei, w., net 

B6mbi,'?7., a point of land 
extending with the water, 

Bombo, n., small-pox 

B6mb6-gbo, w., scar or pit 
from small-pox 

Bgtabo, «., breeches, breech 
cloth of any kind 

Bomukulo, n., dove 

Bonda = mbonda, def. st. 
ei, n., generation, nation, 
kind, sort. Hua bondei 
jiajo. Those kinds of 

Bondi-bondi, adj\, small. 
Kgve bondi-bondi 

Bondg, n.* furnace for melt- 

Bgngi, adj., sleepy, drowsy. 
Nya ye bgngi 

Bgnl, n., cannibalism. Ti 
ngi h5na bgni hil 

Bgai-m6,w., cannibal. Bgni- 
hinda, the act of seizing, 
preparing, or eating hu- 

man flesh. I bgni-hfnda 

Bonge, n., name of the three 
smaller tops, or Hele in 
the game of spinning 
nuts ; the larger are called 

Bongolo, n,, small pools 
near the river where fish 

Bongolo-bongolo, adv,, de- 
scribes the walking sound 
of the war officer, who 
wears a large belL A jia 
bongolo bongolo 

Bgno, v., to sell* all, to part 
with largely 

Botani, w., plu. bgtania, 
botanisia, blow, fist. Ti 
ngi hija a botani 

B9tani-wlli-m6, w., boxer 

Bgvi, n., an animal resem- 
bling a squirrel, probably 
badger, beaver. Dgmfi 
bgvisia va 

Bgwa = mbgwa, ei, n., 
sword, knife 

Bgwa, n., bruise. Bgwango, 

Bowe jgyoi wa helengo ngi 
le bowe bu ? 

Bgwuni, w., wood-cutter 

Bgya, tr, v., to give presents 
= mbgya, especially the 
presents made for a wife. 
Sama yela i wa i nyaha- 
poi bgya, A nobleman 
came and bespoke the 

Bgyokg, n., mitten worn for 
protection in clearing 
away the underwood , 

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Bgyongo = gbgyongo = 

kpgyongo, adj., done, 

Bu = mbu, post position, in, 

tinder, below, beneath 
Bii, n., bottom, lower part ; 

def. St. bui, pin. biilsia, 

what is underneath. 

Wele bn, in the house; 

mese bu, under the table 
Biiani, n., an animal of 

the fish kind that eats 

Bu-bu, w., the sound pro- 
duced by striking on the 

Biibii, intr, v., to fly, to 
flutter. Nwonlsia ta biibii 

Bu = pu, tr, v., to put, place ; 
to throw out 

Bugbole, tr. v., to swallow, 
to be swallowed up. Wa 
Kameli bugbolf, or hil- 

Buhii, n., inside excited, 
astonished. Nya hii bu- 
ngoibiva. Nyahui(bui) 
wgnga bi va,My astonish- 
ment is great Bi nya 
hii bua. Nyahii i buni 
bi Ta 

Buk? = gbuh? = kpuh?, w., 

BukpTa = bugbia, tr. v., to 
pull out, root up 

Bukpule, tr, v., to shake off 

Bula, n!, plain (place) ; also 

Bula, r?., foreskin 

Biilf , intr. v., to burst ; 
likewise buli. A biilia 

a ng5, She burst into 

Bnli = kpiili or kpulu, n., 

cave, den 
Biilo, as Bi hamei bulg, 

Gird thy loins 
Biilu, w., horn, trumpet 
Biilu-vemo, n., trumpeter 
Biilu, n., a small field of 

early rice upon low land ; 

a fish 
Biima, w., bit, gimlet, borer 
Biimbu = wumbu = mbii- 

mbu, tr. v., to take, take 

up, lift up 
Bunda, ei, n„ company, 

Burun, adv., suddenly 
Biiru = biilu, n., name of 

the moon correspondiDg 

with April 
Buse (see ngufe = yufe 

biise), w., shame, diffi- 
dence, modesty 
Buta, ei, plu. butanga, bow 

and arrow 
Butungo. See Gbotongo 

D = T 

Da, def. st. dei, plu. d§Isia = 
ta, tei, plu. t§i8ia, w., town 

Da {See Ta), calabash 

Da = nda, adj., own. Ngi 
da loi, his son 

Dabango, to be dry 

Dada, n., barricade made 
of earth or bricks dried 
in the sun 

Dadu, adv., hastily, pre- 
cipitately. Ti mehe wai 
mea dadu 

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Dagba, n., a kind of bee 
without a sting, which 
makes honey and black 
wax. Compare Kendu 

Dagba, as, ndo dagba, n,, 
sour wine, vinegar 

Dagba, w., plaintain stump 
cut down ; mat on which 
Hele or Si are played 

Dala, tr. v., to creep 

Dama = tama, adv.^ foolish. 
Damango, to be foolish 

Dambo, tr, v,, to lift up, 
walk erect 

Dani, w., a non-conductor 
to the electric power of 
a fish ; a shaking play 

Danginye, w., an insect said 
to cause the ground itch 

Daon, adv., brightly 

Dara golongoi, white wall 

Datoma, ei, and hiDda 
datomei,* n., the begin- 

Dava, n,, bat. ndova eha 
dava woma. The frog does 
not die for the sake of 
the bat 

Dawa, n., forehead. I nya 
hija nya dawa. He struck 
me on my forehead 

Dawu, w., some sort of 
poison to kill fish 

D§, e = 1 = t 

De = le, tr, v., to climb up, 
to lift up. Kina ti welani 
a ti yamfsia dela, lite- 
rally. When they had 
finished with lifting up 
their eyes. Niimui gbi 
lo a ngi villi de ngf leya. 
Whosoever exalteth hini- 

self. I de nge1§ya ngu- 
lui hu, He clinibs up on a 

De = dewe, to surpass. Ti 
ye df ni honda yela ma 

De. See Te towl 

De, n,, a country 

De, tr. v., to climb, ascend, 
to mount. Ti bona dea 
hindoi ji ma 

Debu, w., a sore that forms 
about the nail of the toe 
or finger 

Dedeli (see teli), adj., black 

Dehe * and dehena, n,, 

Dela, verb, n., climbing, lift- 

Deli and delideli, adj., 
black. Pe i.deli. Make 
it black.* Ngi peni a 
deli, I do not make it 

Deme, n., brass pan 

Demfa,Mende vocabulary — 
fattier or brother-in-law. 
We have son-in-law. 
The mother-in-law calls 
her son-in-law • mbera ; 
the father-in-law calls 
him df mla or mbera 

Derau, tr. v,, to ask pardon. 
Ngi bi demui lo kS,, I ask 
thy pardon very much. 
Demu = temu, tr, v., to 
deicide in favour, to allow 
the claim, to acquit. Ti 
Ngewo demua. They 
justified God 

D§mule = temule, to be in 
the right. * Nya aemul§ = 
bi lele 

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Dene, pin. denea, n., a kind 
of water-lily 

Denga = tenga, prep,, to- 
wards ; wa nga denga 

Benika, n., a large breed 
of cow from the Df 

Dene, adv., brightly 

De89, intr. v,, to sneeze 

Dete, intr, v., to walk 

Detf we, frequentative form, 
walk about much, to pass 
from place to place 

Dewe, tr. v,, to cut, to 
surpass ; to cross a river. 
Kowui dewe. I ti dfwe. 
I Djiei df w|a, he cut, i.k 
settled tiie matter. Ndi 
= Ir dewe, heart cut, i.e, 
to be angry. Ti ll dewea 
lo, They were angry. To 
send, Ngi nyahei i ngo 
dewe ngi ye, His wife 
sent word to him. Df te- 
ngo ngenge = tewe t§wf- 
ngo, Cut in pieces. Bi 
dewea nya ma. Thou hast 
overcome me 

Dewe-mo, w., sensible, wise 
person; i,q. nemahu de- 

Di = li = ndi 

Dl, n., courage, determina- 
tion; honest: hQU a dl. 
Dl ke ndi yf kpf , Honest 
and good heart 

Dia, n,, a little rice bird 
with a red neck; and 

Diamb$, w., play with live 

Die, 71., a tree yielding a 
sweet gum 

Digba, digbe, def. si digbei, 
n., heel 

Digbi, tr, v., to lean upon, on 

Digbo, adv, completely. 
Kole lelingo dlgbo 

Dikpo*, n., top, shuttlecock 

Dlma, intr, v,, to leak 

Dingen, adj,, large 

Dingo, to be zealous 

Diso, intensive adv,y very. 
Miningo dIso 

Dl80, intr. v., to sneeze = 

Diwo, exclamation of satis- 
faction at success in a 

Dimo, adv,, continuously. 
A gbeli dImo 

Do = to = lo = ndo 

Do, tr, v., to despise = tg = 
d51o with a, to hate 

Do = to, tr, V, and intr,, to 
stand, to build. Nya pe 
donga, I have built = 
made to stand. Nya pe 
donga If, My house is 

D9, tr, V,, to send. A ti d? 
lo. He will send them 

Do = to, tr. v., to see, to find. 
Nya bale donga, I have 
found my sheep 

Dogbe, adj,, young. Nje 
dogbe, to dogbe, young 
goat, horse. T9 dggbengi 
iQi, horse the young,* his 
child = the foal of. Ti 
dQgbfngo, They being 

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Dohe, to weigh 

Doi/as, li doi, strong hearty 

Dole = ndole = lo^e how 
many? *Nesi dole bi 
majia? Navoi doff hi 

Doli = toll, to call 

D5lo, tr! v., to hate. Nya 
dolongo a-bie, 1 hate thee. 
Ngf dol5ngo*ange i dewe 
kali ina, He hates me 
more than a serpent. Ti 
dolongo a-ngif, To desire 
the* misfortune of an 

Doma, verb, »., seeing 

Domanyo, n., adversary 

D5mba, n., food of boiled 
casava or c6co 

Dombo = tombo, w., the 
ruins of a town, desola- 

Dome, ei, n., story, tale, 
fable. * Dgme gbia, to pull 
out, utter, tell a story 

Dome gbla-mo, one who 
tells a story 

Dongo, w., brass 

Don, adj., cal m . Hu ya dgn. 
It was calm 

Dgngangoi, the righteous 
one. Ba hinda gbiwf a 
kena dongangoi na 

Dowa = ndowa, n,, hole 

Dqwo, w., fame, reputation; 
dow5ngo, to be notorious, 
of repute 

Dgwoisia, as, ndogb? d<?- 
wolsia, n., husks 

J)vi,' adv., heavily, deeply. 
Fefei a wa elii 

Dugba, n.y cannon 

Diima = liima, to be willing, 
to assent, to consent. 
Ngi Mma, I am willing. 
Ngl diima a lila pe bu, I 
am not willing to* go in 
the house. Duma, to 
answer. Diima nya we 

Dumbf, intr. and tr, v., *to 
scold, to talk in a loud 
excited manner ; to roar 
as the sea 

Dumbeka, plu. dumbeka, 
def. St. dumbekeisia; aho 
dumbekaika, def. st.dum- 
belkasia, dumbekeleisia ; 
n., star, firefly 

Dumbekele, n., lime, lemon, 

Dumbglo, verb, n., raging. 
Ipeilo fefe wai i gbe a 
vela, ke gbaye i gbe a 
dumb^la. He* made the 
great wind to cease from 
blowing, and the sea to 
cease from raging 

Dumbgleka, L q., dumbeka 

Dumbele wiiru, «., lemon 

Dumbgngo nje, Taging of 
the water; and dumbe 

Dukpengbe, w., multitude. 
Dukpengbe wai ti toi lo 
ngi ma 


£, pron., 3 per. sing., neg., 
he, she, or it can or will 

E, response, yes, so 

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E E, calls attention in 
introducing a remark 

Eha, interj.y as yes, in- 
deed. £ha kg-mo wa a 
If, Yes, indeed he is a 
great warrior 

Ebiani, expression of sur- 

Ehiye, a response to a state- 
ment, as. Indeed 1 so you 
ask me? 

Eya, an expression of 
sorrow and pity 

Eye, an affirm, adv., yes 

Fa = Ta 

Fa, prep, and conj., of, for, 
to; in order to, on ac- 
count of, for the sake of; 
concerning, about: adv., 
quickly. Hlj§ fa hi wa 

Fa, n. and adj., dispute, 
quarrel, quarrelsome. 
Fa famo a ngie. Fanyo, 
71., opponent, antagonist 

Fa, n., a large pod-shaped 
&uit that bursts with a 
loud noise 

Fabo, n., description of a 
fugitive, with a request 
for . his apprehension; 

Fafa, n., a scented ointment 

Faha, ei, n., multitude, 
herd ; plu. fahanga 

Fai, n., rock, 

Faji, n., brass kettle 

Faka-lewe, adj., weak, lazy, 
without energy 

Fakali, «., pawpaw tree 
and fruit . 

Faki, cLdj., pointed, tapered 
Fala, n., the rind of a palm 

leaf; stalk called bamboo 
Fala, tr. v., to place beneath 

in an inclined position 

for support, to prop up, 

to stand with one foot 

Fale, conj., therefore, now ; 

n., reason, cause, as, Ji 

valf i, For this reason, on 

that account 
Fale, n., sprout, germ; 

mushroom. Growing = 

tanga vale 
Fal§-gbra, to betroth a 

young girl, watch over 

her till she is of age, and 

then marry her 
Fali, tr. v., to sow, to scat- 
ter; to spring back o& a 

bent stick, to kick 
Fali-mo, »., sower 
Fama, ei, n., greeting, visit, 

call, complimentary visit, 

shaking of hands 
Famla, conj\, therefore, for 

this reason 
Fanda, tr. v., to give as a 

present. I nya vandaa 

a mehe. He presents me 

with, i.e. gave 
Fande, n., cotton, cotton 

plant, thread 
Fandf limbango, cotton 

Fande limba, cotton when 

spun, thread, y%m 
Fande wulu, n., cotton tree 
Fahga, r?., boarder 
Farama, §i, plu. faramf&ia, 

n,, foundation 

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Fasi, adj,, saucy, impu- 
dent, abusive ; v., to 
abuse, abase. I ngi 

Fawa = fai = fa, n., a broad 
flat rock raised a little 
above the soil 

Fawoli = pavoli, v., to quar- 
rel, to provoke, to tease, 
to plague, to annoy, to 
trouble, cause to be 
angry; w., trouble, con- 
fusion, disturbance, an- 

Faya, tr, v., to spill, to 
scatter, to waste, to 
defeat; to prevail over. 
Ti koi vayaa 

Fe = ve 

Fe, all. Ti me fe. They ate 
all ; completely, enturely. 
Imea fe 

re,plu. fea,n., pot, jar, bowl, 
pipe. Kglu-ve 

Fe, tr. v., to give, to give 
up, to bestow, to grant 

Fe, tr, v., to rise, to 
'swell, to fill ; ew/y., swelled, 
filled. Nyagoi f|ingo, My 
inside filled, i.e. I am with 

Fe, intr, v., to blow ; to play 
a wind instrument 

Feamfi, adv., some time 
ago, since, lately 

Fefe, n., wind, breath, air. 
Feffi i vea, Fefei koli- 
ngo a pe ngi gbeli, The 
wind is cold, it makes me 
shiver. Fef^i gb^, the 
wind ceases. Fef| kiilf i, 
n., wind-cloth, i.e. sail. 

Fefe wa i fefegOlfsia gin 
i bela, i ti nyani 

Fefe higbe, w., dropsy 

Fefe, tr, v., to adhere, to 
stick, to cleave to, to 
press upon. Fefe ma- 
mo, One that sticks to 
one. Fefele, adhesive, 
cleaving. Hale i vefelea 
ngiluwuima. Fefelengo, 
cleaving to 

Fefen and fof9n, adv,, far, 
high, lofty, distant 

Fefele, two by two 

F|-hani , n., goods, wares, 
"merchandise; and Fele- 

Fe-hani, w., tumour, boil, 
swelling ; thing given 

Fela, n., twins; a5y., double. 
Ti f§langa lea lo ta go- 
hun§ lo, They rejoice at 
the birth of twins.^ Ff la 
gbande. Fela-bowa 

Fela, tr, v,, to miss, to fail 
to meet in the way. Mu 
velama ha 

Ffla-gbuwf, w., a small 
house erected for twin 

Felamf, n., the top, the 
summit of anything lofty 

Fele, num, adj\, two 

Fele, w., fan for separat- 
ing the chaff from the 

Fele, tr, v., to plait, to braid, 
to weave, to knit 

Ffl§, n,y trade, trading; adj., 

' In the Ibo country twini 
are put to death. 

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Felee, adj,^ faint, weak 

F|l§go, tr. v., to trade, to 
buy and sell, to traffic 

Fel§go-mo, n., trader, mer- 

Fel§gola, ei; fel^gQloi hu; 
in or by* trading 

Feli, adj., black 

Feli, tr. v., to beg, to ask 
for, to importune; 
in want, to be poor. Ngi 
yetingo famia ngi lenga ta 
yenga ngi va, He is poor, 
for that reason do his 
children work for him. 
Ee feli i tatoa a ngi 
h5ula. Then poverty or 
want seized him. Wii 
hani go wa feli. Ye 
know not what ye ask. 
Nya hii velingo le polon 
navo va, I am always in 
want of money 

Feli, n. and adj\, poverty, 
want, destitution; poor, 

Feli-mo, n., beggar, poor 

Fe-mo, one that gives 

Femo or kiila vemo, n., 

Fen, adv,, completely 

Fengbe, n,, white baft, 
good luck. Bi fengbe lo 
joni. Thou hast had 
good luck. I mbfmbe 
fengbe gola hu 

Fengo, given. Fengo a ye 
lo. It shall be ^ven 

Fese, tr. v., to scratch, as a 
fowl scratches 

Feveu or feuveu, to sigh. 

to sob, to grieve with 
sighs; sighing 

Feya, tr. v., to beckon. I 
'l5ko yenga ff ya ti ma. He 
bKBckoned to them 

Feye, tr. v., to search for 
food like a hen 

Feye, adv., completely. Titi 
vayaa feye-feye 

Fla, adv., quickly, com- 
pletely, unhesitatingly. 
I ngi bbwf langu fia 

Flal§, n., an introductory 
expression, commencing 
a speech or conversation ; 
offering thanks ; expres- 
sing approbation and 

Figola, n.y Mende cloth 
having darker stars 
upon dark ground 

Fill, n., tail, mane, beard 
of grain; prickles grow- 
ing on the ears of corn 
and rice. Filingo, to be 
prickly. The cow-tail 
used in courts of law or 
the bar by the speakers 

FII9, adv., quickly. I dewfa 

Fima, adf., blue, or made 

Fingiri, n., the second fence 
in a barricade, counting 
from the outside 

Fino and ftno, intens. 
cK^v., completely. Fellngo 

Fisa, tr. v., to surpass, to bo 
better. Ji ftsa ngo le. 
Ifisa bi va bi hinde Ji we, 
kina na bi na w§; i fiSa 

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mu va nm hinda nyamu 

wulo guru, i,e, put up 

witt some trifling trouble 

Flsf, tr. v., to dye cloth the 

second time 
Fiti-fata-bSla, lewd fellows 
Frvi. tr, v., to turn from 
side to side, as the head ; 
to shako as dogs their 
Fivl, n., a cloud dark with 
wind and rain. Fivl 
wa i gulaa 
Fo = vo 

Fo, tr, v., to arrive, to reach, 
to ent^r, to pass through 
safely, to escape. I foa a 
kpindl ji. Ti fonga fula 
weka hii. They entered 
into another village 
Fo, w., a name for several 
species of biting flies, as 
the large green fly, the 
large black fly, the man- 
grove fly 
Fo, adv., completely, en- 
tirely, very, very much. 
Kolengo f5, Very clear 
Fo, adv,y truly, without fail 
Fo, w., flame, blaze, shining 
Fo, adv., surely, certainly 
Foe-foe, to suck as a babe 
F56 and fo, n., year. Fo ji. 
This year. F5 wekei. 
Next year. F6i na ipekei 
w5iT»a or ib\ na a wonia 
ip^kdi w5ma, The year 
after next* FodfiwSngoi, 
The year which is past. 
Foi na iy6 dSweni ipgkei 
w5ma. The year which 
pajBsed before the last 

Foegbete, n., field or swamp 

F6fo,a<fr.,very clear, bright, 
open, upon sky, place; 
hence in the light, openly. 
Gbia fofo hii. To expose in 
public s= publicly. Ipei 
lo fofo hti. He did it pub- 
F3fo or fSfon, def. st. fpfSi, 

the firmament 
FOi, def. St., plu.foingfsia,n., 

FSfof , let it not happen 
Fofjla, n., wasting, impo- 
verishing, adversity 
Fofola-mo, w., waster, spend- 
FOgba, tr. v., to strike, to 
whip, to flog. F5me 
wumbu bi figi v5gba 
FohS and fuhg, adv., 
tightly. Ingeliafohg -, 
FSkpe, adv., immediately, 

A rau njg I6we f^kpe 
FoklS, fokul5, n., a 'bird 
resembling* a partridge; 
bush fowl smaller than a 
Fokuigbe, n., a vine used 
to increase the strength 
of Ndiivu-lo 
Fgle, w., accident. jFolf 
yagba^ngo mla, It is a 
sad accident 
F^lf, n., whistle; v., to 

Fol^, n., a cane-shaped 

Fol^, n., lungs 
Fole, w., a certain flower 
FCl^ma^ n., a kind of fish 

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Polo, »., stm, day. Folo ye. 
Fbloi gbia, The sun comes 
out '= rises. Foloi bi lu 
mongalo bi wa, When 
the sun burns thy flesh, 
i.e. feel it hot. Kina 
foloi i ye giilama, As 
the* sun was setting, i.e. 
about 6 p.m. FolO 
ngiindia, The sun in the 
middle = noon. Folo 
legbaa, declining. F5lo 
giila, falling, setting. ' t 
hitia a folo i gulango, He 
arrived at sunset. A fSlo 
hijengoi, about sunrise. 
A f5 ngiindia, about noon. 
A kpoko voi. In the 
evening light = at the 
eleventh hour. Mone a 
wa folo yela va, kiingo 1§ 
foloi na va 

Folbi-bu, n., under the sun 
'= this world 

Fologbete, n., a rat marked 
with light and dark 

Foma, def. st. ei, w., switch, 
rod, whip. Fomf i yagba- 
enga. The whip is painful 

Fombo, tr. v., to expand, to 
extend, spread, unroll, 
unfold, to stretch; to 
stand in a line. Ti 
vombOngo pelei hii 

F5Tnbo,'w., strong current. 
Ti nja vombai hii 

Fona, n., accident. Fona 
i giilaa nya lokoi hii 

F5nde, r?., difficult respira- 
tion, asthma, hurried 

Fgndo, n., perspiration, 

Foni, n., grass ; def. st. fgni, 
field, feeding-place 

Fgnl, tr. v., to pinch with 
the fingers and nails 

Fonya, tr. v., to squeeze, to 
wring, to press out 

Fonyi, w., pus, the product 
of suppuration 

F6u, adv., all over 

Fowa, tr. v., to fasten in the 
ground in a leaning po- 
sition, to pin, to fasten 
with pins 

Fu, intens. adv., entirely. I 
pfa gbama fii. Ti we a 
gbama fu. Gbama fu 
nemahii, reprobate mind. 
Gbama fu, none effect 

Fu-hani, plu. fuhftnisia, w., 
moth ; and fiilu-hani, 

Fiifu, n., moth, gnat 

Fiifii, n., food of cassava 
grated, fermented, and 

Fufulage, adj., greedy 
voracious manner 

Fiifule, n., fine dry dust ; a 
small animal 

Fufulu, plu. fufuliinga, a 
small insect which de- 
stroys the inside of timber 

Fiigba, n., fishing-rod, line, 
and hook; sound of a 

Fiika, tr. v., to grind, to 
beat into flour, to pul- 

Fukf , adj., fragile, crumbly, 
mealy. Kpohiii fukengo 

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Fuk6, n., a ring-shaped 
cushion for supporting a 
burden upon the head; 
a rat-trap made with a 
fuko; noose end and 

Fiiko, tr. v., to form a ring, 
to coil. Ngeye viiko bi 

Fiila, tr, v., to bore through 

Fula, tr, v., to warm, to 
foment^ to bathe with 
warm medicated water; 
to hasten^ to do more 
quickly: adj., excitable, 
impetuous, brave 

Fula, n,, village, hamlet 

Fulama, n., hole bored 

Fiile, n., ring of any kind; 
bubble, foam, bellows 

Fiilf boko or gboko, m., 
bellows. Ta ti gbate a 
hiia gole, They are made 
of skins! Mende vocab.', 
the wooden part of a 
smith's bellows 

Fiilo, tr, v., to loosen, un- 
bind, untie; fulOngo, to 
be loosened 

Fulu, adj,, living ; nii vulu, 
in health. Nya viilungo 
ha keya. Fiilu-mo, ii,, 
the living one 

Fiirango, bad sort 

Fiisele, adj., soft, without 
consistence. Ndoliilango 

Fiisen, adj, adv., numer- 
ously, many in numbers. 
Niinga ta gbia fusen 

Fiita, n., name of a country 
and its people 

Fiivii, tr. v., to blister, to 
boil, to partially roast 

Fiiyu, adj., disorderly in 
work, unruly in conduct. 
Ngi fuyufuyungo 



Ga, tr. v., to teach, to 
learn = ka. Mu kolo ga, 
Let us learn the book. Ti 
bi gai la. They have 
taught thee = thou hast 
been taught 

Gafango, to be unjust, un- 

Gahu hango, to be tired. 
I ngi gahu gbakpa. He 
strengthened him 

Ga-mo, plu. gabSla, n., 
teacher. Mu gab^la pub^ 
la ye le 

Gaka with ma, to miss, 
not to be able to recollect 
or to make out some- 
thing, to fail to recognize. 
I g&ka nya ma. He could 
not make me out 

Gaka hinda, n., error, mis- 

Gaka, v,, to fold into circles 
as a snake, or as done 
with a cable 

Gakama, ei, n., at the side. 
Nda gaka, thy own part 

Gakele, n,, half. Ngi said 
gakele mea 

Gama, n., place, front, post, 
position, in, at, towards 

Gambfngo, to be naked, 

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QeXi, tr. v., to dry, to parch, 

to chap 
Galo=Kalo, n,, a large 

GambI, tr, v., to strip, to 

make naked 
Gambo, n., boy's play in 

imitation of the Pgro 
Gana, n., box, kettle 
Ganda, adv., strongly, 
* vigorously. Pe a ga- 
Ganga-gbalo, a sword with 

a guard oVer the handle. 

Ganga golu 
Gangala, tr. v,, to wipe off 
Ganya, intr. v., to pine 

away, to become ema- 
Ganyi, tr, v., to shut the 

teeth tightly, to grate the 

teeth. A ngi yongolulsia 

yanyi kpain. Ganyiwa 

Gao, adv., brightly 
Gaon, adv., steadily 
Gapu, tr. v., to devour 
Gate, ei, plu. gatefsia, w., 

piece! Navo gate* ndiiwo 

yfla jongo * 
Gawa, tr. v., to bend back, 

to strut, to draw back 

the hand 
Gttwama, n., privy 
Gawiile higbe, n., ulcer on 

the cheek 
Gaye, tr. v., to confess one's 

evil deeds 
Gb = kp = y 
Gba, adj., different, unlike, 

distinct. Ngenge ji igba 

na ma 

Gba, adv., first, before. Be 
ngi miia gba nga la li 

Gba, tr. v., to stop, to hold, 
to spare 

Gba = kpa, plu. gbalsia, n., 

Gba, tr. v., to multiply 

Gbaa nyahanga, n., widows 

Gbagbanyene, n., spleen 

Gbaha, to be unable, incapa- 
ble, to fail in an attempt, 
not to succeed ; adj., un- 
able, exhausted 

Gbaiya and gbaya, w., force, 
power. Gbaya hfnda, 
violence. Tr. v., to 

Gbakali, n., chair 

Gbakei, n., whisker, def. 


Gbakolo, rt., a youth of 
unusual size 

Gbakpa, tr. v., to fasten, to 
nail, to make fast in the 
stocks ; to kneel down 

Gbakpa, tr. v., to strengthen 

Gbala, intr. v., to mourn, to 
bewail the dead 

Gbale, intr. v., to feel pain, 
to ache, to grieve, to 

Gbale ma-hinda, that which 
pains the mind ; n., 

Gbama, ei, w., in vain, for 
nothing, gratuitously ; to 
be or to have something 
in common; to come to 
nought, dependant. Sa- 
mangesia ti dewei lo nu 
gbangesia ma * 

Gbamaile, conj., for, be- 

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cause, because of, there- 
fore, for that reason 

Gbamaile be, notwithstand- 
ing, although 

Gbamango, to be in 
common, to be unprofit- 

Gbambi, w., form 

Gbande, tr. v., to rebuke 

Gbandi, the name of a 

Gband5, adj., precious, 
costly; ba gbSndo, not 

Gbangao, or gbangau, or 
gbangaon, the sound of a 
kettle when struck; the 
voice of the crocodile 

Gbango, plu. gbangoisia, 
things of much value 

Gbanya, w., nippers, pincers, 
blacksmith's tongs 

Gbanyenye, w., the pepper 

Gbao, intr. v., to cry out 
in* pain or surprise, to 

Gbasonde, w., a small green 
frog, tree frog 

Gbata, n., a piece of board 
made with a handle, used 
by women when wash- 

Gbate, tr. v., to make, to 

Gbav$ = kpavS, tr. v., to 
catch with the hand, to 
raise up, to toss; to. sad- 
den, as one's heart. Ngi li 
i gbavoa. Her heart be- 
came sad. Nya U ela, a 
gbavo leke 

Gbawele, or gbawe, w., hat 
Gbawu, n., bridge, handle; 

fagi gbawu, brass handle 
Gbaya, tr. v., to strengthen, 

to be strong, stronger. 

Ngi mbai gbayango ngi- 

Gbe = kpe, n. and v., busi- 
ness, work ; to be engaged 

with. Nya gbengo. Kpe 

lonya ma 
Gbe, tr. v., to stop from 

doing, to cease, to leave 

off; to be in need of 
Gbe, pron., what. Be gbe ? 

Gbe hani lo aji ? 
Gbe, tr. v., to drive away 
Gbe and gbena, to hush, 

to cease from mourning 
Gbegbe, w., parrot 
Gbegbe, plu. gbegbeisia, n., 

cockroach, frog 
Gbegbega-16, w., bug 
Gbegi, n., gorilla 
Gbeh§, n., a square-shaped 

seat, made from the stalks 

of a kind of palm, bench ; 

also gbehgn 
Gbehg, n.y and gbee, adj., 

numerous, crowded. Mu 

gbehengo peleihii 
Gbeke, w., a play of children 
Gbekpe, intr. v., to become 

good, to improve ; to 

succeed, to develop, to 

ripen, to prosper ; to yield 

well ; to sift 
Gbekpe = yekpe,;?row.,self. 

Nya gbekpe, myself 
Gbekp§, to cluck like a 

Gbekpf yo, w., advantage 

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Gbela^ ei, n,, commniiica- 

Gbe-le, what is it? a show- 
isgof a cause. Bi gbele 

Gbele, tr. v., to leave, to 
desert, to forsake, to re- 
fuse ; to dismiss, send 
away; abstain; despise 

Gbelen, adv,y quickly, sud- 
denly, heavily 

Obeli, to shake; with ndoloi, 

Gbelinyo, w., some kind of 
grain. Kuskus 

Gbemango, to be barren 

Gbembele, n., board, plank 

Gb^mbo,* tr, v., to disen- 
tangle, loosen, explain ; 
to answer ; to withdraw. 
Gbembongo, to be re- 
moved ' 

Gbembo, w., explanation, 
answer. Gbembolsia 

Gbemo, n., some kind of 

Gben = kpen 

Gbenbeli or gbengbeli, n., 
small drum 

Gbengbeyawu, plu. -isia, w., 

Gbende, n., some sort of 

Gbfnde, intr. v., to run 
swiftly, as a strong 

Gbende, n. some kind of 

Gbende, tr. v., to tarry, to 
doubt, to wait ; to hinder, 
to delay, to retard 

Gbendo le, stop a little 

Gbendoiile, hold, stop, wait 

Gbene, tr, v., fo scrape as 
a roasted cassada ; n., 
white spots, scar 

Gbenga, gbengo, to be 
obliged; in need of, in 
want of. Ti mu gbe- 

Gbengba, to prove uncon- 
querable, become des- 
perate, infuriated 

Gbenge and gbengeme, n., 
yesterday. Mu waa be 
indo gb§ngem§ 

Gbenge, adj\, cracked, split 

Gbenge-giila, to uncover 

Gbengu, w., evening dance . 

Gbeni, w., the leading 
animal in a drove; the 
person that excels all 

Gbenje, ei, w., porch 

Gbenye,*^r. v., to frown, 
scowl, contracting the 
eyebrows; to disfigure, 
to distort 

Gbeva, pron., what for ? 
why ? Gbe va lo bi 

Gbi = kpi 

Gbl, n,, rudder; gbe hou, 
to steer 

Gbi, with the def. form, all, 
every one ; with the indef., 
no, no one, not any 

Gbia, intr, v., to come out, 
to flow out ; tr., to show, 
to explain. See Kpia. 
Gbiala, verb, w., driving 

Gbia-hu, adj., tall. Ker§ 
na ngi gbiahUngo 

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Gbiaye, n., likeness, image 

Gbili, V. v., to darken as a 
cloud with rain 

Gbindi, n., night; v., to 
darken, to avoid see- 
ing, to treat slightingly. 
I ngi yame gbindia nya 

Gbindig5, a night attack 

Gbingima, ei, n., yesterday 

Gbini gbiniigoi, plu. gbini- 
ngoa, untoward, perverse 

Gbo = kpo 

Gbo, tr, v., to help, to 
assist, to aid ; to partake 
of. Ti gbo nya ma. Ndo- 
poi a gbo lo bi ma 

Glx) and gbo lo, interrog. 
pron,, why? why is it? 
Gbololeyelahou? Why 
dost thou not catch one? 
Gbo bi loila? What, then, 
dost thou want? Gbo i 
weni a hake ji ? 

Gb9ieo, w., a small bird 
supposed to utter the 
voice of spirits 

Gbogbo, w., Aibecte, pre- 
sent; demanded by the 
Poro yftfa 

Gbogbouhinda, w., or hinda- 
gb5 gbou, misery 

Gb6g6 and gb6w6 w., lock 

Gb5ji,* n,, plum' tree and 

Gbokolo, intr, v., to be or to 
grow old. Gbok6la-gbo- 
kSlefeia, ta gbongbO, 
sc)nie kind of borer 

Gbokpoma, ei, w., hem 

Gloku, intr.'v.y to shoot^ to 

spring forth, as a treer 

Gbole, mtr. v., to kiss 

Gb6li, n., worm 

Gboma, adv., again, another 
time, once more. I kpe 
a gboma 

Gbomba, w., an article given 
as a pledge for pay- 

Gbomgbato, w., sour orange 

Gbombo, tr, v., to smear: 
Ngi ngiiloi gbomboa koloi 

Gbon, adv., very much, 
largely, severely, in- 

Gbonda, tr. v., to squeeze 

Gbondo, n., drum 

Gbongbo, as, hani gbongbo 

Gbongboni, n., wasp 

Gbongboto, n., pelican 

Gbonge, adv., abundantly 

Gbongon, n., the sound of a 

Gbonjo, n., Sande dance; 
the name of a plant 

Gb:>nu, n., leader. Poro 
yafa yela. 

Gbonye, intr. v., to murmur 

Gb5ro,* tr. v., to swear, to 
imprecate evil; in attes- 
tation of the truth; to 
take an oath ; to charge, 
to adjure 

G43orua? Indiiwu gborua 
a kolegongo 

Gbotongo, to be many 

Gbotu, adj., thick 

Gboula, nya gboulei va, for 
my burial 

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Obonngo = gbownngo, tired, 

to feel tired 
Gbovo, tr, v., to depopulate, 

to iiiake desolate, to lay 

Gbgvu, tr, v., to dry a little, 

to dry half, used of leaves 

for thatch 
Gbowa, intr. v., to become 

deranged; to deceive, to 

impose upon. Igboani = 

gbbwani. He is not de- 
Gbowoisia, n., ankle-bones 
Gbowu, intr. v., to be tired. 

I gbowua ngi ma. She is 

tired of thee. I gbowua 

a nya ma. To be hard, 

Gbowu, to ripen, to come 

to maturity 
Gb5wula,n., burying, burial 
GbSye, «., sea 
GbQyo, tr, v., to finish, to 

complete, to be perfect; 

to have spent all ; to end. 

Ngi hamei gboyo a wue, 

I will spend the rainy 

season with you 
Gbii = kpii 
Gbu, adv., all night, the 

usual time of rest. I yie 

lo gbii. I yl gbii a kplndi 

Gbu, n., a small dark bird 
Gbii, w., shed, hut. Ti yl 

gbii. They slept in the 

Gbii, w., a whole piece, piece 
Gbiie, ad'K, last night. Ti 

waa gbiie 
Gbuja, in^r. v., to jump. I 

gbiijo njei hfi, leap down, 
send down 

Gbiila, tr. v., to miss. Gbiila 
ma. May it miss = Grod 
forbid ! 

Gbiile, tr, v,, to move, re- 

Gbulugu, ctdv,, straight- 

Gbiiyf , n., a narrow piece 
of cloth round the waist 

Gbuwai, in the sentence 
Bora. ii. 22, ba ngafa 
gbuwai. Thou abhorrest 

Gbiinde, tr, v., to pounce 
upon, to Feize, to grasp, 
to usurp, to lay hold on. 
Ti gbunde ngi ma 

Gbiindo, intr, v., to swell, to 
break out as an eruption 
in the skin 

Ge, suffix in the formation 
of ordinal numerals, ae, 
ihalage, the first ; ifelege, 
the second. I iQluge 

Ge, adv, of time, some time 
since, then, before, long 
ago. Ngi ndeilo ge bi ma, 
ng§ bape, I hp-ve told thee 
hefore, already, long ago, 
that thou Shalt not do 

Ge, tr, v., to show, point 
out, make known. A ngi 
vull ge a ngi ndf ngesia 

Gebaure, n., hat 

Gege, plu. gegelsia, gegea, 
kind, sort Hegbe gege. 
Various kinds of diseases 

Gtege, adv,, the day preced- 

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ing the last, but used 
with larger limitations 

Gegela, w., deadness. In 
the sentence Rom. iy. 19, 
Sara ngi goi gegelei 

Gelf , w., a Mnd of kite 

Gele, n,, end 

Gele, tr. v., to stop, to end. 
A gele be, Stop ye here 

Gelela* n,, ieadness 

Gelema, ei, n., end 

Gelii, intr. v., to faint, to be 
weakened ttirough faint- 
ness, to fall into a trance 

Gembe, adj., indigestible, 
to remain undigested, to 
cause pain through indi- 
gestion; ba hanime, a bi 
gohui gembe 

Gena, tr, v., to see. Wu 
gena wovelsia ta h5nga. 
Your old men shall have 

Gende, tr. v., to give up, 
deliver up 

Gendebele, tr. v., to roll, to 
turn from side to side in 
the restlessness of sickness 

Gene, n., saw ; and genene 

Gerene, not a few 

Gete, a species of rice with 
short grains 

Getete, adv., tightly. I ngl- 
lia getete 

Geve, tr. v., to bury tem- 
porally in a shallow grave 

Gowele, various, different 
kinds ; gewelelsia gbi, 
all manner of* 

Gewo and gowo, to warm 
one's self by the fire 

Gr, adv., tandem, aliquando 

Gigbo, n., a shrub bearing a 
red edible fruit, called 
baking fire 

Gigl, plu. gigfeia, n. waggon 

Giji, n., Kissey country. 
Glji-yia, language of Kis- 
sey people 

Gllr, n., wax from the comb 
of dagbesia, gizzard 

Gili, n., deV. st. gilisia, white 
ant, bugabug, bug 

Glli, n., kidney 

Grli nye, n., queen of the 
white ants 

Gili, adj., still, .inactive; 
way, manner. Ngi yenge 
gili mla 

Gill, tr. v., to think, to 
remember, to recall with 

Gllila hani or hinda, verb, n., 

Glluma, n., skin 

Gima-gbohu, «., the outside 
of grain, as of rice 

Ginde, tr. v., to start from a 
place running, to com- 
mence running, to make 
a sudden start caused by 

Gr3, v., to conceive. Ke i 
gonga. Silo i ngi gonga 
a ngakuisia leke 

Go, tr. v., to fight, to war. 
Ta hele go, n., war 

Go, tr. v., to give, to present 
with , to bestow. Go, goa, 
gonga-ngo. I ti goi lo a 
nali. He had given them 
a sign. I ti goa a mehe 

Grode, tr. v., to tempt 

Gofe, w., trousers 

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Qogo, n,, foam. A bi wu 
gokoi wote lo a ndQ gbole 
haka ngi tuII yei 

Grogoe and gggo, fialiya. 
Grogoe a gbia ngi la 

Gogole and gokole, w., cock- 
crow. Te hiiiei g5k5Iea, 
The cock crew* 

Gogoli, adj., white, very 
white. Ite gogoli, wiimbu 

G^hiine, inir. v., to rejoice, 
to be joyfal, glad 

Groko, or ngn gokoi hindf i, 
the place of a skull 

GokQ, tr, v., to doubt, to hesi- 

Gola, tr. v., to take by 
surprise, to appear un- 
expectedly. I gola ngi 
ma. He met him unex- 
pectedly, as it were by 

Gola or nde gola, to tell lies 

Golagbawolsia, soldiers 

Gole, tr, v.y to divide, to 
share, to separate. A ngi 
johanlsia gole lo 

Gole, intr. v., to look out 

Goli, tr, v., to pluck. Ta 
ipbwesia goli 

Goli, tr, v., to buy a wife. 
Ti ye nyaha goli, To get, 
to obtain, to pluck fruit 

Golio, an expression of 

Golo, n., barricade; ngulu 
golo, made of trees ; dSda 
golo, made of earth 

Go\o and goro, tr, v,, to obey, 
to submit,* to be obedient 

G5ma, ei, w., feast ; the place 
of feasting. Eg nyaha jo 

gSmei i hitia k§ yakpe. 

Then the marriage feast 

began at once 
Groma, ei, w., the left hand 

or side 
Groma, plu. gomesia, ft., crow 
Gomba, n, (ngumba), house 

Gombo, n., tobacco pipe 

'made of clay 
Gk)mbu, w., abdomen 
GrOme, tr. v., to assemble, to 

meet together, to convene 
Gomi-la, n., kiss 
G5na, to introduce one's 

self, to make obeisance ; 

to deliver a message. Wa 

bi gona, Come, make your 

Gondi, intr, v., to snore 
Gond6-vofo, w., a large 

black beetle 
Gondo-gondo.n., valley. Mu 

hitia gondo-gpndo hii 
Gone, n., cat. Ngi yini kina 

gone na 
Gongo, plu., young men 
Gongo, n.,a, kind of tree, or 

large grass 
Gongo) oi, the chariot 
G6nu,' ti kale gonuni 
Gonyo, plu. gonyolsia, «., 

Goro, w., a general name 

for defensive walls and 

Goro, ei, n,, gate 
Gove, intens, adv., very. 

Kpokolongo gove 
Gove,* to be angry. Ti ll ti 

gove a kpan, They were 

fuUof wrath 

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Gdwo, irUr, v., to fly ; to Bub- 
'mit, to be obedient. Ti 
gowongo wu we 

Gowo, oi, submission, low- 
liness, humiliation 

Gu = ku 

Gu, n,, smell, scent 

Gu, v., to be able, can; to be 
sufficient, enough, gungg. 
Ke ti guni a ngi baola. 
Nge bi lahi gu 

Gu and gua, or gbuS, to 
dance. Tialo guama 

Gu, tr. v., to embrace 

Gua, tr. v., to put on ; im- 

Eerat ngua, put it on, 
ence wa, as, Bi gur§i 

wa,Put on thy garments; 

to thrust in, lead in ; to 

imitate, to institute, to 

GuSi, def. st. of Ku, last 

night, yesterday 
Giiha, adj,, long, far, distant, 

tall. P§16i huhango. 

Ilo giiha 
Gula, tr, v., to fall upon ; to 

drop, to throw down 
Gills, w., play of children in 

imitation of Sande 
Giilo, li gulo, to go before = 

Giima, n,, sandflies 
Gumb6, n., coat, shirt; to 

fall down 
Gunengo, to emit a bad 

smell, to stink. In Luke 

xxiv. 1, ti wa ahani gu- 

nengolsia, they brought 

spices, it has a meaning 

the reverse to it 
Guro = gulo, post, position. 

before. Ngi guro, before 
him. Ti lani ngi gulo. 
They laid wait for him 

Guru = Kuru, tr. v., to ac- 
cept, to grant ; to put up 
with, make the best of a 

Giitu, adj,, short, small, a 
part or portion of a thing. 
Pel§ giitu lo na, ke pel^ 
guha lo na. There isa short 
and there is a long way. 
Ngi giitiingo ye If, He was 
short. Hu giitiingo, short 
time, shortly 

Ha, def. st. hei, plu. hfisia, 
suffix denoting the femi- 
nine gender : as, mbala 
sheep; mbala ha, ewe; 
nika ha, cow 

Ha, cujIv,, to-day, during the 
day ; or time, while : also 
halo. Ke kina ha gi 
wema,But while that was 
being done 

Ha, def. st. h^ and hf i, n., 

Ha, intr. v., to die, to tire, 
to languish; to be dull, 
faint, powerless, dead. 
Ha gbiiko, deatiibed. 
Hango, to be dying or 
dead. Numu hango, dead 
person. Tye hauiha, he 
IS dead. Ha-gbe, death- 
time. Prov., Te'l^i pebu 
I iigi hagbf go. Ti nje 
ha wo gbo. Ba hama- 
moi, Thou undying, i.e. 

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invincible, man I Ti lu- 
wui hii a ha, They should 
not be weary or faint. 
Ha-hinda, n,y destruction. 
Ha-liiwu, mortal body 

Ha, to grieve, be grieved. 
Kq i ha yona Igmei gbon, 
Andit grieved Jonah very 
much. Ha-wele, house 
of death 

Saga, ei, w., piece, as. Kola, 
cloth ; tr. v., to wear out, 
to become ragged, to be- 
come weakened, worn 
out ; ragged, lazy 

Haga, tr, v., to cut up, away ; 
to shape, to fit ; to carve 
from wood ; as, haga- 
ndende, the carving a 

Haga konda, mortar. Ha- 
ga hua, to flay or cut an 
animal into pieces 

Hagapele, to clean or brush 
the grass from the road 

Hagf , hagei, that which is 

Hagba, ei, plu. hagbaa or 
hagba, def. st. hagbelsia, 
n., a mat made of fine 
reeds. Hagba-lamo, one 
who spreads the mat 

Hagbe WUI9, n., the smallest 
kind of antelope; also 
Hege, ei 

Hagbf, ei; plu. hagbenga, 
hagbeisia ; n., rabbit, pro- 
bably weasel or fox. 
Hagbe wuloha, fem., doe ; 
hagbe WUI9 hina, masc, 
buck, plu. hagbe wiiluisia. 
Hagbe hila gatpngo mla 

nddgbei hii ngi mbanga 
lla,* ndumu glx)ungo, kQ 
ye miimu kloa yendova 
na ngoli wgnga. The 
weasel is a cunning ani- 
mal of the forest among 
its companions, whose 
skin is brown, whose feet 
are small like a spindle, 
its ears loug 

Hainjo, n., one whose initia- 
tion into Poro or Sande 
is completed, and he 
appears ornamented 

Haka, ei; plu. haka, hake- 
isia ; n., load, thing, uten- 
sil of any kind, as, bowl, 
box, tub, cask, bier, 
shovel, sword, etc. Mu 
hakfisia hUgbake, Let us 
prepare, get ready our 
things. Haka mini, plu. 
haka minia, heavy load, 
loads, the adj. assuming 
the plu. form 

Haka, to be void ; hakango, 
to be empty. The calf 
of the leg; atJlj. empty. 
Sani ji, hakango. This 
bottle is empty 

Hako, n., hail, frost 

Hakpa, plu. hakpeni, n., 
herbs, vegetables, greens, 
beans, fruit 

Hakpa, n., breath; Mende 
vocabulary, the length 
at which native cloth 
is cut from the web for 

Haku, w., tortoise, turtle 

Hala, verb, n., dying, death. 
Bi hala mia ba l9lila ? 

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Hala, n,, first. Ndopoi iha- 

Hala, n,, an eel-shaped fish 

Hala, ei, n,, the first. Hala 
"wuru wua, ei, firstfruit. 
Hala genpre/ plu. ihala- 
geJsia. ' Njla halei, the 
first or former word, 

Hale, w., medicine, charm, 
fetish ; to prescribe, pre- 
pare medicine: plu. hajea, 

Halemo,«., charmer, doctor. 
Gbe lo halemo a pela ? I 
hona dea hindoi ji ria. Ta 
higbemoi halema 

Ha-lo-ha, adverb, expres., 
up to this day 

Hama, w., waist. Hama yeli, 
to gird one's self. The 
rainy season from May 
to October. Hama hu I 
le. Ngi hamei gboyo a 
wue, I will winter with 

Hama, infin., to die, and 
the place of dying 

Hama, ei, n., waist ; hama 
gula, waist-cloth ; hama- 
gola, belt. Ihamagoloho 
ngie. A ngi hamei ylll 

Hambo, tntr, v., to gape, to 
have the mouth open 
involuntarily through 
drowsiness, to yawn 

Hambo, w., a utensil of bas- 
ket wood for drying fish 
or meat over the fire 

Ha-mo, plu. habSla, habele- 
Isia, n., dead person, 

Handa, ei, n., matter, be- 
haviour, way and manner 
of acting, event. The 
same as hinda 

Hange ndlma = nengo, to 
be pleasing, sweet 

Hango, to be dead, tired, 
weak. Nya liihu hango. 
My inside or flesh is weak, 
languishing. Hango, plu. 
hangoa; niimu hangoa, 
dead persons 

Hani, def. st. haul; plu. 
hania, hanlsia ; n., thing, 
something, any inanimate 
object, some matter, etc. 
Ngi hani venga mahei we. 
Used also* of irrational 
creatures ; as, ndogba 
hania, beasts of the 
forest. Hani gbi, all 
things, everything, what- 
soever. Hani gbl, not' 
anything, nothing ; as, 
Hani gbl nya yeya a fela 
bi ye. There is nothing in 
my hands, i,e, I have 
nothing to give thee. 
Hani gbi nya nema-hii 
gboma, Nothing is in my 
mind again = I have 
nothing mord to say. 
Hani matongo, some- 
thing added = usury. 
Hani manlngo If, to be 
greedy, covetous.* Hani 
gbia-mo, n,, extortioner. 
Hani majia woma, with- 
out charge 

Hani-mani, desirous of 
gain, acquisitive, miserly 

Hani-male-mo, one who 

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claims to receive wealth 

by the aid of spirits 
Hani-ll-mo, a covetous man, 

Hani-wa, Pgro yafa, malig- 
nant spirit, hobgoblin 
Hani-hola, w., a present 

from * an unexpected 

Hape, n., root. Ngoi i hape 

wllia. Ngiilu hapelsia. 

Hapengo, to be rooted 
Hare, tiq. hale. Hare gbat§- 

rao = hale* etc. 
Hauhau, adv., flashingly, 

throbbingly. A gbale 

Hawa, i.q. haga, to carve, 

excavate, to make 
Hawa, adj.y lazy, slow 
Hawango, to be lazy, tired, 

Hawango kotua, engraven 

in stones 
Hayije and hayle, n., the 

slow breathing as life 

terminates. Ta hayle 

He, intr. v., to pray, to 

worship. Wa mu he. A 

mu li mu he 
He, def. st. hei, plu. heisia, 

prayer. Bi* hei meningo 

le. Thy prayer is heard. 

Ti nya hei menia. They 

heard, i.e. iny prayers are 

Hega, w., convulsion, fit 
Hege, i.q. mbawa, w., soap 
Hege, def. st. hegei; plu. 

hegenga, hegefsia; some 

kind of black deer 

Hegili, w., state, affair. He- 
gili gbatengo If, We are 

Hehe doli, to speak loud, 
to preach 

Hehema, n., slender amphi- 
bious fish, said to make 
a nest upon the bank 
above the water 

Hei and hS, intr. v., to sit, 
sit down.' Ti he sfmelei 
bu. Hi he-wiili*bu ny^- 
poi i heima. He goes under 
the bench the woman is 
sitting OD. Hei, mu mbei 
me. Tr., to set, to place, 
cause to sit, reside, dwell 
at a place. Ti ngi hei 
t5i mahu, They set him 
on the horse. To live, to 
subsist, to have one's 
competency. Niimuehei 
leke kpohuva, Man does 
notsubsist on bread alone. 
Henga, put on. I henga 
ndoloi ma, He sat on the 
ground = down. Isale 
hf inga ti ma. He told them 
a parable. A wu hei gili 

Hei, hani = hai gbe 
* hei va ? for what reason 

Hei,'w., sitting down in a 
state of competence, in- 
dependence. Ta hei hvu 

Hei-biliya, n., circumcision 

Hfi-doli, to call loudly, to 

Hei-hou, tr. v., to carry, to 

Hei-wfilu, n., footstool 

H|ila, verb, w., sitting down 

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Heilenga, n., evening twi- 

Heima, ei, n., the place of 
habitation, seat, resi- 
dence, abode, possession, 

Heima nani, fourfold ; a 
hema hondo yela, hun- 

Heimbe, n., crown, shield, 
'king(iom ; tr. v., to reign 

Hei-mo, w., one possessed 
of means to live at ease 

Heini, tr. v., to have the 
rule or reign over 

Heinyo, n., neighbour 

H|ke, n., a large wild ani- 
mal, perhaps buffalo 

Heke, tr, v., to swerve from, 

Heke, int. v., to lie on the 

Hele, helei, w., pledge ; nga- 
fei hel|i, earnest of the 

Helf, ei, plu. hellnga, 
hfleisia, w., elephant. 
Hefe ygngolu, plu. ygngo- 
luisia, elephant's teeth, 

Hele, tr, v,, to hang one, 
something. I ngi viili 

Hele, tr, and tntr, v., to 
trouble, be troubled. Si 
helea,The heart is troubled 
= IS faint, discouraged, 
in a state of suspense 

Hele-nyanya, w., loose sand, 

Hema, n., place of worship 

Hema-gotu, n,, stone wor- 

shipped as the represen- 
tative of spirits 

Hembei, n., kingdom, do- 
minion. Nya hembei i 
ngebu, crown 

Hemo-ngafa mo, w., idolater 

Hemo, 71., worshipper, a 
person praying 

Hemu, n., torch, candle, 
anything giving light 

Henga, henge, n., dream. 
Henge i ngi wiii hubiii lo. 
Hf hg| hiige 

Henga-mo, n., dreamer 

Hfngo biliya, n,, circum- 

Heni, i,q, hini, husband 

Hewe, n., prayer 

Hewu, to be equal 

Hi, tr, v., to sow, to plant. 
Ti ya tanga hima 

Hi, plu. hinga, w., male off- 
spring. Kena yela mla 
wg hi-lenga fel^ ti ngi 

Hibgilopo, w., manservant 

Higbe, intr. v., to sicken, to 
be sick, to suffer pain 

Higbe and higbe hii, n., 
sick, sickness ; higbe- 
higbe, adv,, sickly 

Higbe-gcge, plu. gegeisia, 
various kinds of diseases 

Higbe-mo, sick person. 
Halemoi i waa higbemoi 

Higbo, w., a kind of wasp 
which builds an open 

Higi, w., plu. higia, hill of 
white ants 

Hija, tr. v., to beat as rice, to 

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strike against with horn 
or foot, to toss. Nikf 
i ngi hrjoa a ngi lowo 

Hlje, mtr.v, yio rise, arise, to 
start up, to come from, 
to move away. L6I9 
hijengoi, the time about 
9 a.m. I hljeni na, he 
came from. Hljema kun a 
hai-hii, in the resurrec- 
tion of the dead. Gba- 
maile a hij^ kpelei ji 
ma = for from hence- 

Hljema, ei, w., rising. Wu 
f5loi hijemei lo. That ye 
may see the rising of the 
sun , 

Hika-go, n., heavy protrud- 
ing abdomen 

Hiko, tr, v., to roar, to hum, 
to sound, as an oar in the 
water or wings in the air ; 
the noice of the njahelf . 
I li hikoma nje hii 

Hikpe, intr. v., to groan, to 
grunt, as in pain; n., 

Hilo, n., son. Ngi nje hllo 
yakpe, a ngie. The* only 
son of his mother 

Hilopo, w., boy. Ma houngo 
hilopoisia gbi golo ga 

Hi-mo, n.y sower. Tiihani 
himo i lini hima 

Himo, w., a society of men 
and women for worship- 
ping spirits 

H ina, def. st. hinei ; plu. hi- 
nga, hinelsia ;* suffix de- 
noting the masculine 
gender of nouns, male. 

Nje hina, male goat = 
buck ; bala hIna, ram. 
Kola hIna, tok9 yu6 hIna, 

Hinda, f i, plu. hindelsia, n., 
place, matter, affair, con- 
cern, thing, business, 
eonduct, behaviour ; with 
we, doing. Hindei Ji we- 
hlndei I gbegbeni, This 
man's conduct is not 
good. Nya wf-hfnda gbe- 
gbengo. My conduct is 
good. Hindei na ngiy§ 
taloni a gala na. The 
place that = where I be- 
gan to learn there. Ngi 
nya navoi-hlnda molea, I 
inquire into my money 
matters. Hinda-we, to 
do something. Gbefilnda 
lo ba pe na ? Hinda gbi 
ngi ma* There is nothing 
the matter with him. 
Ngi ji we-hlnda gbi va, I 
will not do that for any- 
thing. Hinda ya na. It is 
nothing. Gbo hmda gbo- 
ma ? What thing again = 
what ^Ise? I hinda go- 
koli, He sought an oppor- 

Hinda nyamu, n., bad thing, 
misdeed, fault, sin. Nya 
hinda nyamu ga na, bi 
hinda nyamu mla. It is 
my fault, not thine 

Hinda gege, curious things, 
many tricks, sharp prac- 
tice. Tonya-hlnda, n., 
truth, righteousness, jus- 
tice. NdiUa-hlnda, n. , 

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rottenness. Mamauma- 
hinda, n,, sorrow 

Hinda nyamu-mo and 
wemo, one that does 
what is bad, evil-doer, 
transgressor, sinner 

Hinda male, n., bereave- 
ment, deprivation 

Hinda gbou-gbou, n., a dis- 
tressing event, affliction, 
misfortune, calamity 

Hinda wanda, w., a good 
deed, kindness, benevo- 

Hinda yekpe, n., a good 
event, good fortune, com- 
mendable act 

Hindo, def. st. hindoi, plu. 
hin'ga, n,, male being, 
man, vir, Ta hindpya hii 

Hindo-boilopo, plu. bgilo- 
poa awc^ boiloponga, bgi- 
lopolsia, 71., servant boy, 
male servant 

Hindo-lo, def. st. plu. hlndo- 
loisia,' n., son. Bi hIndo 
llngesia ti lole ? 

Hindo-liiwa, plu. lowoisia, 
n., male slave 

Hinga, plu. form, men, 

Hini, i,q, h§ni,plu. hlnlnga, 
n., husband. Hini If nga 
felea, two sons. Also 
husband's brother or 

Hini-mo, she that has a 

Hita, w., bug; some kind 
of insects resembling 
white ants which are 
eaten by the natives 

Hite, tr. and intr, v., to 
reach to, arrive at ; to let 
down, to drop; consult, 
to put together. Ti wii 
hitea ta ti nyonyo. They 
bowed their heads to- 
gether among themselves 
= consulted together. Ti 
wu hitenga ngi va = 
against him. To create, to 
commit fornication, play 
the harlot 

Hite-lo, n., bastard child 

Hite nyaha ; plu. hite nya- 
hanga, nyahangesia, and 
merely hit§mo ; prosti- 
tute, harlot, whoremonger 

Hiti, the same as hite, to 
reach to, to approach to. 
Ipelei i hitia. The time 
is at hand; to be or 
become perfect. Na hi- 
tinga i wala. That which 
is perfect shall come. 
Niimu Mtingo, To be a 
perfect man 

Hiye, affirm, adv., yes, 

Hiye and hije, to arise, to 
start up, to come from, 
to move away. I hijenga 
ndou or ndgwu. He is 
risen from the dead 

Ho, tr, v., to sew; homo, 
one who sews. Kula 
hQmo, tailor ; also holo, to 
sew together 

Ho, tr, v., to knock, to dash 
against. Hga of a great 
wind rising. To stone, to 
hit with stones or other 

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Ho, adv., then. I ye na ho ? 
How is it, then? Ye lo 
ho? Who is it, then ? 

Hoa = hiia 

Hoboli, w., riddle, enigma 

Hoe, interrog, 'part, = shall 

Hogba = hokpa, w., nose 

Hogbo = hokpo, w., navel, 

Hojo, w., white clay, chalk. 
Hojo polo gogele mia 
ny ahanga ta gbia kpongbo 
va ti liima 

Hoke, ei ; plu. hokea, hoke- 
isia; n,, guinea fowl. 
Hoke ha-hoke-hina 

Hokpa, w., nose, point; 
tapering, growing and 
immature. Ngiiru ho- 

Hokpe, n., the passage of 
the* serpent's teeth 
through which she throws 
the poison in biting 

Hokpaya, hokpa-teni, snot 

Hokpo yeya, w., umbilical 

Hgkpo, whole, undivided. 
Gbembele hokpo, ear. 
Nyg hgkpo 

Hgla, verb, n., knocking, 
gnashing. Ngongolu ho- 

Hola, tr, v., to strain out, 
to filter, to leak, to per- 

Hola-hani, n., strainer, fil- 
ter, leach 

Hole, w., a tree and its gum 
used in catching birds 

Holima = hgu-li ma, to 

keep the heart, «.e. to 
bear with, to be patient. 
Niimui na a hinda hgull 

Hombo, w., a substitute for 
salt, made by boiling the 
leached product of the 
ashes of the palm leaf 

Homo-homo-yia, «., a mut- 
tering complaint uttered 
in the throat 

Hona (dea), to bewitch, to 
practice witchcraft ; to 
injure persons, animals, 
and products by secret 
evil practices 

Hona, w., the spleen of one 
supposed to have slain 
others by witchcraft, any 
unusual and secret power 

Honde, n., a spinose suc- 
culent plant much used 
as a vegetable 

Hondo, num, adj., hundred 

Hota, n. plu. hotanga, 
stranger, guest, visitor; v., 
to visit, to come on busi- 
ness, lya hotoma hinda 
nyamu-mo ma. I hota 
numui ma. He is the guest 
of a man 

Hotango, to be a stranger 
to. Hou ndima, modera- 
tion, restraint 

Hota ke, w., host, landlord 

H6ta-nje, n., hostess, land- 
lady * ' 

Hota wele, w., inn 

H6u, tr, v., to catch, to seize 
upon, to lay hold on, to 
take for, to believe, to 

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observe, to regard, to 
intoxicate. Ndo i ngi 
houa. Wu ngi houni a 
tonya, Ye have not be- 
lieved in him. Houngo, 
to consist. Mu ninangu 
hou a mani. H5ama 
wnfingo^ to treat shame- 

Hou-hani, n., goods seized 

H5u-hou, tr, v., to feel with 
the hand 

Houkpambn, to bring a 
slave child for payment 

Houma, n., the place where 
anything is caught 

Houmba, tr, v., to hold 
upon, to retain in hand 

Houmo, w., the person who 
catches, etc. 

Hou-ndlma, w., longsuffer- 
ing, forbearance 

Houni, to be fit, becoming, 
lawful, suitable 

Howa, w., a reed the leaf of 
which is used with offer- 
ings to twins 

Howa, howango, to be lazy, 

Howe, w., a little time since 

Hii, def. st. hiii, the interior 
of anything, inside. Nya 
hii, my inside, mind, feel- 
ing. Nya hii i wu, my 
mind rises = I wooder, am 
astonished. It also seems 
to signify the air, sky, 
atmosphere, and time ; 
Ger. mal. In the latter 
sense it appears connected 
with the ordinal numerals, 
as, hii yela, hii wofela. 

Hii gbdtoma = gb^toma, 
some times = sometimes. 
Hii I l^mbf ni. It was not 
a long time. As a pre- 
position it has almost 
every conceivable mean- 
ing of prepositions, as, in, 
out, upon, etc. Hii, n., 
impart meaning. Na hii 
lo a gbo ? Hii yakpe, the 
same time. A wa hii wu 
njlo yelo le ti ma. Enter 
ye into it and tell them 
one word, i.e. consult to- 
gether and give your 
opinion or decision. Na 
hii no a gbf ? The inside 
of that is what ? = what 
is the meaning of that ? 

Hii, containing much; mbe 
hiingo. Mbahu, seed rice. 
Nil hu wa a ngie, one of 
much influence' or of 
many good deeds 

Hii, def. st. hiii, plu. hiinga, 
n.y seed. Tu ti ndoloi 
hii hinda nyani 

Hiia, def. st. huei ; plu. hua- 
nga, nuangeisia, beast or 
creature of the forest, 
meat. Hiia demanga, 
tame animals, or animals 
accustomed to the town. 
Hiia gQw5 nania, four- 
footed beasts. Hiia-ha- 
wa-mo, one who slaugh- 
ters animals, butcher. 
Hiia-lo, a young animal. 
Hiia wiimbu, fresh meat. 
Hua be, dried meat 

Hiibe, tr. v., to air, to sun, 
to dry. Mbf hii-bf 

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Hubo, n,, poison ; tr. v.y to 
poison. Ta moi na i 
iigi mbai hubou^a. Hu- 
bomo, w., poisoner. Also 

HuM, tr, v., to accuse. I 
Djia hubua ngi ma 

Hubii, tr, v,, to perplex, to 
astonish, to bewilder, to 
confose; astonished, be- 
wildered. Hindei ji i ngi 
•wiii hiibuni 

Hndewe and hulewe, tr, v,, 
to* cut into, to cut in 
pieces, to be hasty 

Hue and huei, def .st. hua, 
beast of the* forest, animal, 

Huganiingo, adj\, crooked 

Hugbatela, ei, verb, n,, pre- 

Hugbe, tr. v., to look into, 
over, guard, watch, to 
examine. I petei hugbeni 
ngi va. He doe's not look 
in the road for him = 
when he looketh not or 
does not expect him. To 
search out, to discern, to 
prove. Hugbfimo, w., 
guardian, keeper, pro- 
tector, overseer 

Hugbe, tr, v,, to choke, to 
press, to throng. Hugbe- 
ngo, to be straitened 

Hugbela, ei, verb, n,, ex- 

Hngbehe, tr, v., to crowd 

Hugbi, adv,, c(Hnmonly 

Hugbekpe, to go and search 
into, to sift out, to explain 

Hugbengo, narrow. ' Pele 
la hugbengoi, the narrow 

Hugbia, tr, v., to take out 
from, to narrate, to weed, 
to comb, to empty 

Hugbindingo, to be dark, 
that which is not clear 

Hugbonda, internally held, 
forced, constrained, co- 

Hugbiiku, having a cavity 

Huge, tr, V,, to explain, to 
unfold, to relate, to show, 

grove, to sell £i ll ma 
uge a-ngf 

Hugo, tr, v., to understand, 
to taste, to tempt. HugQ 
hulingo. Bi na hugo lo ? 

Hugolo, tr.v,, to understand, 
to comprehend, to per- 

Hugo, hugoi, plu- hugoisia, 
w., temptation. Hugo- 
hinda. Gbamailehugoisia 
ti walo a tgnya. Because 
temptations are sure to 

Hugiihango tunu, the place 
is too far distant 

Hugiilungo, shortly 

Hugutiingo kallo, a short 

Huha, tr, v., to tire, to be- 
come weary; tired, weary 

Huhg, tr. v., to spare. Nge 
hubg, I will not spare 

Huhei, adj,, bent, crooked, 
sagged, settled 

Huhei, tr, v., to divide 
equally, as food among 
several persons 

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Huhele, tr. v., to cause to 
fear, to terrify, to frighten 

Hui, adv,, near to, in the 

Hnjukulu,<r.t;., to spend pro- 
digally, to waste, to min 

Hujusungo, adj,y deep; n.y 

Hn-h6u, tr, v., to prevent, 
to anticipate, to restrain, 
to withhold, to intercede 
for peace; to take in, so 
as to accommodate for the 
night. Te hn-h9U, they 
cannot contain. T6ko 
hu-h6u, closed — that is, 
hard illiberal hand 

Hu-h6u-mo, pin. hu-h$u- 
b^la, n., peace- maker 

Hnlcpo, tr, v., to mix to- 
gether, to noingle, as 

Hula, tr, v., to agree together, 
to arrange, to combine, 
to nnite ; to form a plan, 
to settle a dispute, to 
determine what to do. 
Hu lango, to be conve- 
nient. Njla hula, adju- 
dicate a matter 

Hul§>la, ei, n,, dispnsation 

Hul^mbi-hulembingo, stay- 
ing long at a place 

Hulengesia, seed, of&pring 

Hull, tr, v., to hasten, to 
accelerate, to abound ; 
adj,y fast, strong, powerful 

Hulingo, to be boisterous, 
very powerful ; vehe- 

Hul$, tr, v., to look into, to 
discern, to perceive; to 

string tc^ether as beads ; 
to raise seed 

Huluwa, tr, V,, to scare, to 
frighten, to cause to fear ; 
cdso hulua 

Hiima arid hiima we, tr, v,, 
to steal. Ti ngi hiimani 
kina mu ylni 

Huma, n., theft Hilma- 
wf le, to steal 

Huma-mo and huma wf-mo, 
one that steals, thief 

Hiima-gaso, n., skilful in 
thieving and escaping 

Hiima, tr, v., to compare, 
to measure. Hiimango, 
to be compared to 

Hiimageli, n., way or 
manner of measuring 

Hiimbu, tr. v,, to be or to 
commence early, toantici- 
pate, to get up early to 
work. Nya humbu lo a 
wu lahi, I haye fore- 
warned you. Nga hii- 
mbu lo, I will forewarn 

Humeni, tr, v., to hear well, 

Humgli, tr, v., to inquire 
into, to investigate, to 
question, to examine by 

Hune, tr, v., to explain 
plausibly, to defend plea- 

Hungungo = hungiihango 

Hungko, explain away, and 
lost. Njle hungkongo If 
bi yeya 

Hunya, tr, v., to chew food, to 
masticate Hunyamungo 

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HunyanI, tr. v., to waste, to 
destroy; spoiled, injured ; 
to treat deceitfully 

Hunyani, n., spot 

HunyQ, tr, v., to retaliate»to 
recompense good or evil, 
to revenge, to avenge. 
Hunyo-mo, avenger 

Hunyola, n., recompense 

Hunyuma, tr. v., to chew, to 
masticate, to mutter 

Hiipu, tr, v., to mix, to com- 
pound, to mingle. Hiipu- 
ngo a hani nwQna, 
Mingled with something 
bitter. I nyoi ta mbei 

Hiiti, tr. v., to stir, as cook- 
ing food 

Huvaya, tr. v., to scatter, to 
spread, to put to flight 

Huve, tr. v., to fill, to satisfy 
by filling; satisfied, filled. 
Nya gohli vengo a mehe 

Huveli, tr. v.,* to hire, to 
engage for something ; to 
be in want of, to beseech, 
to call upon 

Huvese, tr, v., to search out, 
to ascertain 

Huvo, tr. v., to enlighten. 
See Vo, to flame, to blaze, 
to shine 

Huvo, tr. v.y to escape, to 
pass safely through. Hl- 
gbe-moi a kpindi huvo lo 

Huvombo, tr, v., to unfold, 
to * stretch, spread out. 
Kole huvombo 

Huwa) to' mortify, to 

Huwo, tr. v., to empty, to 

discharged cargo. Sani 

Huwolo, impudent, assum- 
ing, uncongenial 

Huwgyo, w., respect of 
persons; v., e nunga 
huwgyo, distinction 

Huwoyo, to select from, to 
take choice in 

Huyakpe, adv., forthwith, 

Huyande, tr. v., to frighten, 
to disappoint; to dis- 
hearten, to deceive by 

Huyande-mo, deceiver 

Huyanja, tr. v., to separate, 
to part between as friends 

Huyela, tr. v., to sweep. 
Ger. auskehren 

Huyili, tr. v., to entangle 

I, pers. pron., 3 per. sing-> 
he, she, it 

I, pers. pron., 3 per. sing., 
neg., he, she, it not. Nasia 
gbi I le. It is not every 
one = not every one 

I, appears sometimes for the 
relative pronoun ; as, hi- 
ndoi na iye be. The man 
he = who was here ; and 
in the same way the per- 
sonal pronouns in both 
numbers are used 

I, prefix to cardinal nu- 
merals form ordinals, as, 
ihalage, plu. ihalagelsia, 
the first; if^legf, plu. 
if|lf geisia, the second : 

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and in the definite state 
as prefix to other words, 
as, ikflemggf, the last 
with n3i6i, the youngest 
son. Inyamua ke ikpf- 
kpSa, the bad and the 
good. Ing$ vgi, the elder : 
itOgbgi, the younger : and 
ascorrelative, the one, the 
other, as, nyaha ikp^ kf i 
hinda gb^gbengo ta *mia, 
ikp^kSi ]1 hfnda nyamu* 
ngOjtheone = the former 
was of good, the other = 
the latter of a bad, cha- 
racter. Asasuffix it forms 
the definite state, as, kglo, 

_ book ; kol5i, the book 

J, adv., yes 

Ija, an exclamation of joy. 
Nya ke i waa Ija ! 

imbo, w., disobedience, re- 

_ bellion. I Imbo wea 

Ina, conj,, if 

Indeu, exclamation — stop 1 

lya, exclamation of fear 

Inge ngau, adj,, little 

I ta'mla, that is one. This 
expression is much made 
use of when cases are re- 

J = s, ja = sa 

Ja, tr, v., to touch. Wii 
JSniangf. To hit against, 
to tread upon. la jftni 
angie. Aja nyaha 

Ja, n., protection, as, Nya lo 
bi ja hil, I am under thy 

protection, care. Gbi iy$ 
nya ja hil. All things are 
under my care. Nya bijei 
ja hii 

Ja-hftni, n., offering, what 
is brought. Ju-gbiama, 
n., altar 

Ja-hii, jwep., by, by means of 

Jai, adv.y quickly. I d9a jai 

J&lS = salf, def. st. salei, 
plu. jalflsia, n., parable' 

J&ma, jamei,= sama, n., 
chieftain, prince. Kpaya 
j3,ma lo a ngie. Ja mango 

J&ma, to become indepen- 
dent of labour 

Jamba, tr. v., to give a 
present, to send one to 
one absent 

Jamb5, tr, v., to disgrace, 
to dishonour, to put to 
shame. £jamb5 nya va. 
He is not ashamed of or 
offended at me 

Jamo, aiu light green; 
pale, fading 

Jakoli, w., a dark-coloured 
bird said to line its nest 
with stolen feathers 

Jangbe, t?., necklace, string. 
Mini jangbS 

Jangbe, n., complaint 

Jara, n,, a kind of fish. 
J§ra majia-mo, seller of 

JasI, tr, V,, to treat with 
contempt Jasingo, to 
be contemptible; to set 
at nought, to despise 

J&wa, n., a tree 

Jawe = sawf , n., command- 

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Jawxi boa, to accuse one 

Jaya, n.* wattle, lath ; tr, v., 
to wattle, to lath 

Jf = se, w., thanks. JS 
gbiaia, n., thanksgiving * 

Je, adv., upright I hf ia je 

Jegbe, w., lattice-work of 
small sticks 

Jeja, intr, v, and w., to rage, 
to roar ; raging, roaring 

Jeji, 72. an animal resem- 
bling the porcupine. See 

Jejia, intr, v., traTelling 
much ; reduplicated or 
intensive form of jia 

Jejia-vale, w., a common 

Jeke, n., a rattle formed of 
small calabashes with 
stones inside; also the 
dance accompanied by 
the rattle 

Jf kende, n., a kind of red 

Jeko, the name of a tame 

Jele, plu. jelelsia, n.,'palm, 
sun, or honey-bird 

Jeli, tr, v., to pray. Used by 
the Mabommedans 

Jeli, iniens. adv., deeply. 

J§li, tr, V,, to betray. Gba- 
maile bi la-ylei bi jflia, 
to judge. Ko *ta wu jeli, 
That they may not judge 
you = that ye be not 
judged. To witness^ bear 

Jfli-hlnda, n., testimony 

j|ma,$i, 97., court lyaangi 

mahei jamei bu. He took 
him to theking's court 

Jembe, adj., to be large, 
grown up ; to enlarge, to 
grow; to do much. Gba- 
maile i ndoma jembe wei 
lo. Niimujembe,'an adult 
person. Jf mbengo, to be 
grown up.* NdOpoi ngi 
jembfngo If 

Jena, t?!, the name given to 
the last-bom of twins 

Jende, n., eaves, window 

Jene, v., to change by par- 
tial decay; used of fish or 
meat of which sene is 
prepared. Hfia jene 

Jenje, w., india-rubber 
vine, an idol 

Jenjen, an onomato. for 
the sound of bells and 
metals in general 

Jenjilo, n., a large, black, 
long-armed spiaer 

Jen, adv., finally, at last. 
I pelei d5a jfn 

Jf ngbe,V2 ., a kind of large fish 

Jengbe, adv., askance, to- 
ward one comer of the 
eye. Ta ngi gbele a jengbe 

Jengbe-hii-wel§,n., the way 
to the north or to the 

JengbekulS, n., humming- 

Jengiilu, n., Albino 

Jenjen, w., a dance accom- 
panied by the large drum 

Ji, def. St. jl ; plu. jia, jisia ; 
demons, pron,, this. It 
always follows the noun. 
Hltoppi ji, plu. liIl9P9i jlsia 

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Ji, adv, and conj., when, at 
the time. Ti ngi wani, 
if, when. Ji hani gbi na 
ta li. If there be anything 
(the matter) do not go. 
Since, kpjglei ji 

Ji, adv,, a little while 

Ji, intr, V,, to walk. Ko mu 
ji ti-hii 

Jia, intr, v., to walk, to 
travel, to make a journey ; 
to sail, to circulate. A 
jia nd5loi ma, a jia ndoi 
hii, a jia ndpei bu, He 
walks on, in, under the 
ground. Ti gbi ta jia a 
denga, They all walk to- 
gether. Jia fefe, to sail. 
Ngi ySmei jia'ti gbi ma. 
His eyes marched on all 
of them = he looked, etc. 

Jia, ei, w., journey, word, 

Jia, tr. v., to rub, to smear on 

Jia = siya, tr, v., to borrow 

Jiagi, n., gait 

Jiago, n., foot, or walking 
on foot 

Jiagondo, n,, food for the 

Jiajia, V,, to walk or sail 
about for pleasure 

Jialo, n., a child able to 

Jia-mo, n., traveller, bor- 

Jiandlma, tr, v., to pur- 
posely speak or act so as 
to vex and annoy others 

Jiandiiahii, tr, v., to slander 


Jianyo, n., travelling com- 
Jia-wiilu, «., walking-stick 
Jibe, conf., although. Jibe 
ndulango, although it is 
rotten. Jibe ngi gbate 
ni ke nya gahii gbiango. 
Jibe = ke, although, yet, 
Jiben, n., a kind of speckled 

frog used for food 
Jijia, in tens, form of jia, to 

walk about much 
Jijiama, tr, v., to shake, be 
shaken. Fele jijiama, 
aZso jigi and jisi, to shake. 
Nyabijisiama. Nginguli 
loa a jisiama 
Jile, comp, adv., white 
Jimo, 77., a kind of small 

yellow wasp 
Jinjia ? 

Jiso, intr, v,, to sneeze 

Jiva, conj,, for this, because 

Jlwe, def. st. jlwei, plu. jl we- 

isia ; tfwc? jiwi,'def. st. jiwi, 

plu. jlwlsia ; key : also 

jigi, jii 

Jiwo, n., mast 

Jiwo-lowu, 71., socket for 
the foot of the mast 

Jo = so 

Jo (and so, and jglo, and 
solo), tr. v., to get, to 
obtain, to acquire, to 
receive. Joilo, to have 
received. Ma ti go piibgla 
lo yeya, jg nyaha, to 
marry a wife. I nyaha 
felea jg lo 

Jo =*sQ, 71., horse or ass 

Jggbf , tr, v,y to try, to find 

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out, to inyestigate, search 
into, to mark 

Jo-hani, n., goods, property, 

Jojo, n., loose skin beneath 
the throat. Jojolingo, to 
be very cautious 

Jokondi, n., tarantula 

Jola', verb, n,, receiving, ac- 

Jola, w., noise. Ngule JQle, 
noise in singing 

Jolf , tr. v., to make a noise 

.Toll, w., javelin 

Jombu, 72., a small animal 
celebrated for its magic 
medicinal power 

Jomo, w., the craw or crop 
of birds 

Jomo, n.f one who receives 
or gets something. Nyaha 
jomoi, n., bridegroom 

Jomoko, n., a kind of small 

Jon, inter* s, adv,, very. Kola 
nyandf ngo ke j5n 

Jonde, tr, v., to express con- 
tempt by sucking through 
the teeth, to sneer at, to 
make grimaces, to kiss 

Joado, tr, v., to dam, to 
mend where torn or 

Jondoi, tr. v., to imprecate, 
to curse 

Johga, n., a kind of long- 
legged fowl 

Jgnga, n., the after-growth, 
as the second cutting of 

jQngo = SQngo, ^ep., in- 
stead of; thing of equal 

value, just return, recom- 
pense. Nga i jongoi yS- 
ma lo, equal to, neither 
more nor less, equivalent. 
A ngi go lo kali a nye 
jongo ? Will he give him 
a serpent inst^ of a 

Jongob5ti, «., a very tall 

Jonya, n., mildew; v., to 
blacken by exposure to 
the air, refuse to work 

Josongo, equal to, neither 
more nor less 

Jowa, «., an eel-like fish, 
supposed to control the 
quantity of water in cer- 
tain places, and hence is 

J5wl, v., to fear, to cause, 
to avoid, to refrain, to 

Jowo, plu. JQwoIsia, n., iron 

Jiijii = tgiitsu, adj,, strong, 
powerful, heavy 

Jiijii, adj., deep, depth, v., 
to refresh one's self. Ti 
nya yafei jiijiia. They 
have refreshed my spirit 

Jiikii, n., school. Jiikii 1$- 
poisia, n., schoolboy 

Jukulu = sukulu, tr. v., to 
squander, to spend fool- 
ishly, to waste. I ngi 
navoi jukulu na madama 
hindahii. Angfyajukulu 
lo JQ, He shall suffer loss 

Jule, intr, v., to smart ; to 
run noisily, as descending 
water : n., the roaring of 

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the sea. Ngi njfi jule 
woi menia 

Julu or TbuIu, in Vai,d§aini, 
w., string, cord, rope; a 
string of beads worn by 
women round the waist 
in attestation of having 
passed through the Sande 

Jundu, tr. v., to pour water 
in a large stream 

Jusu - hanlsia, n,, deep 

Jusuma, f i, n., deep place 

Juw6i, w., sail. Ti juwoi 
yemga, They let the sail 


Ka and kala, n., circle, 

agreement. A mu ka 

Ea, 71., waste matter, dirt^ 

peel of fruit, skin 
Ka, adv, of intensity, very, 

very much. Ngi 8§ gbia 

ma ka, very long time. I 

w5la Kaa or ka 
Ka = kara, tr, v., to teach, 

to learn. Ngi nje ka a 

Ka, tr. v., to play a trick. 

I nd51i ji kani = gani, a 

Ka, def. si kai and gai and 

gel, n., chaff, stubble 
Kaba, proper name, food of 

roasted cassada and 

ground nuts 
Kabalo, n., horse. A 

Mampa word. 
Kab&lo-ha^ def. st kabalo 

hei, pin. kabalo-ha, h«i- 
sia, n., mare 

Kabande^ n., miracle, some- 
thing wonderful, curious 

Eabfbu = kawfbu, n., 
school, school - house, 
place to learn 

Kae, n,, rust of iron 

Kafa, tr, v., to deal un- 
justly, to cheat, to wrong, 
unjust, to defraud, to 
deceive; Kafango, to be 
unjust, unfaithful. Kafa- 
we, to practice, use deceit 

Kafa-hlnda, n., deceitful- 
ness, excess, cheating 

Kafa-mo, n., cheater, de- 
ceiver, defrauder 

Kagba = kakpa, n., whisker 

Kaha, n,, basket 

Kahu, n., within the skin, 

Kafaii-gbale, pained in the 

Kahii gblango, to be jolly, 
joyful, wild. Nyapogahti 

Kahu-ha, to tire, to weaken ; 
tired,fatigued. Nyagahfi 
h&ngo. Nya gahU a ha 

Kahii-ll. n., might 

Kaikiilo,7i., ground squirrel 

Kaiye = kaye, w., root 

Kaja, rope made of the fibre 
of the nduvu 

Kak4, adv., quick, fast^ 
soon. Wa kakd, come 

Kaka, adv,, much, plenty, 
a long time. I Ifmbia 

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Kaka, §i, n., side, part, 
party. Ta lo nya gak^i 
ma. He is on my side. 
Wa ma gakei ma, Come 
to our side, join our party. 
£aka yela = partly ; ka- 
ka yfla,' kakti, w^kei, the 
one, the other party 

Kaka, tr, and intr. v., to 
turn from the way, to 
wander ; to take a thing 
belonging to another ; to 
mistake, to lead astray 

Kaka galeisia, side bones 
= rib ; from kale = gale, 

Kaka-gbale, w., pain in the 

Kake, def. si kakei, an em- 
bankment of clay put to 
houses for support 

Kakibo, n., a bird that ex- 
g^vates the bank as a 
lodgment for its nest 

Kakila, n., the bent stick 
fastened in the ground in 
a trap 

Kakima, n., shoulder 

Kakpa, tr, v., to surround, 
to besiege. KghSla ti 
kakpa tf i ma 

Kakpa, n., beard upon the 
sides of the face, side 

Kakii, n., the land, bank, 

Kala or ka, n., circle 

Kala=kara, n,, large green 
or black flies ; called also 

Kale, n., bone, seed or stone 
of fruits^ ball N^ama 

gale, gun-shot. Kpande- 
gale, an article given in 
acknowledging the claim 
of another. Tf mu-gale 

Kale, 71., fishing weir 

Kale, ei, n., reed 

Kale-higbe, n., rheumatism 

Kale tfwfngo, beyond 

Kale-wojf, w., one much 

Kali, n., plu. kallsia, hoe 

Kali, plu. kallnga and 
kalini, serpent, snake 

Kalikonjo, w., a kind of 
fabulous spirit said to 
reside in the forest 

Kali-ngii, the handle of a 

Kalo = karo, w., a broad 
dish, basin] pan, bowl 

Kal9, n., a species of mon- 
key. Kalo kuanga ti 
mahei mla,' The kalo is 
the king of monkeys ' 

Kalondo, n., a flat multi- 

Kama, ei, n., place of 
assembly, feast 

Kama and kama-ama and 
gama, n,, a rough leaf 
used as sandpaper to 
rub furniture 

Kama, adj\, singular, un- 
usual, unexpected 

Kama, pr&p,^ to, unto 

Kamage, in a strange way 

Kama-ha, n., singular death 

Kama-hani, n., strange, 
wonderful thing event, 

Kama-hinda^ n,, the doing 

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of something clandes- 
tinely, an attempt to de- 
ceive by a sleight of hand, 
sharp practice 

Kama-hlnda, n., skilf alness, 
skill ; adj., skilful 

Eama>l&, n,, entrance to 
the Fgro bash, and place 
of meeting near it 

Eama-mo^ n., skilful per- 

Kamaso, n., hunter, ele- 
phant hunter 

Eamba = kampa, ei, n., 
grave, grove, tomb. 
Kamba golingoa, whited 
sepulchres ; long musket 

Eamba, n., shirt 

Eamba-bo-mo, w., grave- 
digger * 

EambI, n. and adj,, naked- 
ness; naked 

EambS, t?., bank of a river, 
shore. Nje gamb5i 

EUna, f i, plu. kaMnga, n., 
box, trunk, chest, cup- 
board. Jeju i ya kanei hu 

Eande, adj., curious, 
strange, intricate. Ngi 
wa'a kande-kande I0W9 
kandengo, to be awkward, 
puzzled, confused. Hindei 
gandea nya y§ya. The 
affair has become intri- 
cate in my hands, or has 
confused me 

E&nde-hlnda, n., critical, 
strange, curious matter 

E&negb^mb5,n.,old, impure 
palm oil 

Eanga, adj., stubborn, re- 
bellious, insubordinate 

Eanga-mo, n., rebel 

EanI, n., a cap ornamented 
with porcupine quills and 
used by a dancer 

EanI, n., shining metal, as 
silver or gold ; and EanI 

Eanl-gb5li, n., gold. Ti Agi 
boya a kani-gbOli 

Eani-gogole, n., white 
shining' inetal, silver or 

Eanjia, masc, «., a quarrel- 
some person 

Eanjo, n., conspiracy, agree- 

EanjSlo, adv., at once. A 
winde mu mahu kanjolo 

Eanjo-wua, tr, v., to agree 
to seize, to conspire 
against. Ti kanjo wuaa 
ngi hou va 

Eanu, V. and adj., crooked, 
winding ; to wind, to 
turn from a straight line 

Eanya, n., bees-wax 

Eanya, n., gonorrhoea 

Eanya, n. and adj., emaci- 
ated, poor, wasted away, 
to become thin in flesh ; 
n., leanness, meagreness, 
thinness of the body 

Eanyama, n., window 

Eanye, n., ant-eater, pango- 

Eapaw9, «., window ^ 

Eapii, tr. v., to rob, to 
plunder. Eapii we, to 
commit plunder, to de- 

E&pu-h&ni or haka, n., 
plunder, booty 

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Kapu-mo, n., robber 

Kara, »., doctrine, teaching. 
Eara-wf , to teach, to in- 
struct; to determine 
upon, to degree ; to read. 
Nki kSrai lo, I have de- 
termined, purposed. Ngi 
ge karama, I was minded. 
Kara-hlnda, n., thought 

Karakai, n., zeal 

Karakara, n., dihgence 

Karinyene, plu. karinyenf- 
nga, n., speckled serpent 
= kali nyegingo 

Earo, n., Gallinas country. 
Karo-yia, Gallinas lan- 

Easei, n., the high banks 
of a river 

Easo, adj.y cunning, crafty, 
expert, ingenious 

Eas5-hlnda, n., cunningness, 
subtilty, extortion 

Eas9-mo, w., cunning per- 
son. Easongo tunu, to 
be too cunning 

Easo-kpeni, n., a deceptive, 
treacherous, sly person 

Eata, 92., a kind of very 
large cat-fish 

Eata, ei, n., wave 

Eata, ^i, n., fence, hedge; 
enclosure, garden, yard, 

Eata-hiigbatemo, n., dres- 
ser, gardener 

Eate-hii, n,, yard or garden 

Eate, tr, v., to form into a 
ball, cake, or loaf 

Eate, n., ball. Fande- 
gate, kpohii-gat§, loaf 

EafI, adu. = k&, much, a 
long time 

Eavali and kSvai, tr. v., to 
permit, to allow 

Eave, tr. v., to eat, over- 
filling the mouth 

Eavl, tr. v., to clasp, td 
encircle with the arms. 
Ngiirui gftvi bi de 

Eavu, n., climbing palm 
larger than mbalu 

Eavii-bQlo, n., the growing 
point of the kawii used 
for food 

Eawf bu, n., house to learn 
in = school 

Eawo, tr. v., to peel, to pare. 
Saroi ji gawo 

EawQ,' n., refuse matter. 
Ngi kaw6 wu ma, I put 
manure to it 

Eaye, n., fault, transgres- 
sion. I giilao kaye hu, 
prohibition. Eaye lo 
ndogboi ji ma. Eaye 
hou, to blame. Eaye 
gbl ti ma 

Eaye, tr. v., to clear from 
fault, to justify, to con- 

Eayg and kaiyf , some sort 
of iron ; also kae 

Eaye-mo, n., one who con- 

Ee = ge 

Ee, adv., openly, clearly, 

loudly. I ndf i lo ke 
Ef-k$-ke, 72., a call for a 

dog, come here 
Ee, cory'., and, then, so that, 

until, yet; correlative to 

kina-ke = then^ when 

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Ee, fi., father, master, 
teacher, ruler. The 
natural father is leke. 
Nya lekei = nya ke nya 
]eni; and plu. of ke is 
keni = sirs 

Ke, tr. V,, to show, to point 
out, exhibit; reflex., to 
show one's self, to appear 
to one, to reveal, to 
read. Wii kei If wo? 
Have ye not read long 
ago? Kengo = gengo, to 
be shown, revealed, made 

Kea = kina, conj., if, when 

£ehe, conj\, whether, even 
if, although. Kebe bi 
ndenya-lo lo. Though it 
be your own sister. Kfbe 
ye lo. Whosoever thou art 

Kebfeli, adj\, dirty. Hani 
*ma ye kebif li 

Kebi, ac^y.,' closely, passion- 
ately. I ngi giirua kf bi 

Kebi, n., blacksmith. Kebi- 
hlnda, n., blacksmith's 

Kee, conj\, but 

Kf ge, tr,, to bum in roast- 

Kege, n. and adv., earnest- 
ness, intention, design, 
purpose; purposely, in- 
tentionally. I kQnga a 
kege, ke I latima, He 
knew it with certainty, 
but did not mind it = 
connived at it. I weui a 
kege. He did not do it 

Kege, adj., yarioas, different 

kinds. I higbe gegelsia 

Kege^le, w., intentional lie 
Kfgfli, n., a disease called 

Kegeli-gbo, n., scars from 

yaws upon the bottom of 

the foot 
Kege-mali, w., intentional 

denial. Kege mali i 

Kehfma, plu. k^hfma and 

kfbfmanga, kehfmfisia, 

w., scorpion 
Ke ji, conf., when, therefore 
Keke, adv., together ; used 

with reference to united 

effort. A mu hani ji 

wiimbu keke, n., end 
Kekelf , a piece, part, frag- 
ment, portion, division. 

Kolu gregre, n., piece of 

Kfkema = kfhema, plu. 

kekema and k|kemanga, 

k| k|melsia, n., scorpion 
Kela, verb, n., showing ; def. 

St. kelei 
Kele, n.,'a pron]ise with an 

obligation. Ngi yamani 

a Beujemi ke bi nya 

£ele, n. and adj., a measure 

of small capacity; little, 

Kele, tr. v., to end, to stop, 

to conclude ; n., ikelemf i, 

the end 
Kelei, is it so ? is it not so ? 

Kfle, n., a kind of palm 

(die leaf is used for 

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tbatcb), a drum made by 
hollowing a large stick 

Kf le-yelimo, «., drummer 

Kel|-kpa9, n., drum-stick 

Eelema^ n,, end; ikelemei, 
the end, termination, the 
last; and kemei mla? 
is that the end ? = is that 

Eelema-lo,»., the last child 
to which one gives birth 

Keli, w., a kind of monkey 
marked by a white nose, 
excelling all others in 

Eelii, adj.y faint; n., kelui 
hu, in a trance 

Ef ma, n., a magician who 
discloses secrets and fore- 
tells future eyents 

Ee-makpo, n,, brother or 
sister of the same father, 
but by different mothers 

Eema, ei, w., end 

E|mba, n,, a plant the fruit 
of which is used as a 

Ef mbele, w., to constipate(?) 

Eembd,'n., a brazen salt- 

Eeme, num, adj\, thousand 

Eeml, w., a bivalve 

Eemisa,n.,shirtwith plaited 

Ee-mo, plu. kebSla, father, 

Eena = kina, adv,, when, as 

Eeodawi, n., cat, puss 

Eindawu, n., an elevated 
watch - house near the 
gate; also called mbete- 

Eende, tr. v,, to drag, to 
draw, as a net; to lead 
with compulsion, as cap- 

Eendf , n,, wax 

Eendemo, n., a captive 
taken while fighting or 

Eende va, for a draught. 
Ti kendeni, they caught 

Eendu, n,, a tree bearing a 
hard-shelled fruit Uke 
the cocoa-nut 

Eendu, n., a kind of black 
bee without a sting 

Eene, n., master, mistress 

E|hgele, adv,, nearly con- 
cea'leii. I lani k^ngflf 

Eengel^ma-yelf, ir, v., to 
hate and slander while 
appearing as a friend 

E§nga, shown. EpohH 
gengoi, n., the shew- 

Eengua, w., trousers 

Eenji, n., seed of a kind of 
palm called bamboo 

Eenji-g6ro, n., a snake re- 
sembling kenji in colour 

Eeni, I do not know 

Eenya, w., mother's brother, 
uncle upon the mother's 

Eenye, ei, »., country, 
kingdom, land, nation, 

Eenye -wfka-hii- mo, plu. 
bdia, other nation = Gen- 

Eenye-hii-mo, one that 
speaks the language of 
another country 

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Kenye-yla, n., the language 

of the country 
Kenya, tr. v, and adj., to 

notch, to mortise; few, 

Kenye, «., sand used by 

magicians called kenye- 

Kera, plu. kerani, n,, salt 
Kere, ctdj\, round, circular ; 

a small portion ; security 
Eese-kese, adv., daintily, 

roincingly. A jla kese- 

Kesl-blgbe,n., a disease that 

destroys the sensibility 

of the nerves 
Kesi loma, n., a garment 

said to be of spider's web 
Ketali, w., a narrow, T- 

shaped breech-cloth 
Kete, n., a species of broom- 
Kete, n., guinea-fowl 
Eewe, n., the leaf from a 

palm of which hats are 

Kewele, adj., various, dif- 
ferent kinds. Ti hani 

gewele gblaa a sa 
Kew6, tr. v., to warm, used 

of living beings. Agewo 

a ngombu 
KewiilO, n., musk cat 
K|ya, w., well. A jla keya 
Keyakpe, ado., at once, 

forthwith, immediately. 

Kya keyakpf , I only, I 

Klale = kinale, con;., while, 

while as yet, since, be- 
cause thai Eina gba 

ngi wani, Since the titiie 
I came in. Eiua wq gba, 
since of old = never be- 
before; if, when, before 
time. Eia kinei, even as, 
as long as. Ela, accord- 
ing to. Ela = kina hi 
layiei na, according to 
thy Word. Eina se i na, 
even as it is. Ela or 
kina-ke, correlatives when 
. . . then. Eina ngi T^ani 
pelei bu ke ta be i waa 

Eibeli, adv., completely, 

Elgl, tr. v., wrestle, to throw ; 
verb, n., wrestling. Ti 
kigl goa 

Eig5, adv.y impulsively, per- 
sistently. Bi hinda doi 
lo a ngie kigo 

Eije, tr. v., to rub upon 
heavily, to scour by rub- 
bing, to crowd against in 
passing. Ba klje nya ma 

Eye, w., ginger 

Eikili, tr. v., to roll. I 
kotui gbia kambei la i 
kikili. He removed the 
stone from the mouth of 
the grave, he rolled it 
away. Eikili wele, adv., 
round, round about 

Eila-gbate, n., power or 
wealth obtained by war 

Eila hInda, n,, violence, war 

Eila-hlni,n., an old warrior 

Eilf , adv., tightly, snugly. 
Ti ngflia kilf 

Kill = gill, tr. v., to think, 
to remember; to recall 
with sorrow; consider. 

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to reflect, to imagine. 
Kill nyamua, evil imagi- 
nations; w., thought, re- 
flection, remembrance. 
Kill ji i waa nya nemahU, 
That thought came into 
my mind. Kili-kil§, adv,, 
applied to the trunk of 
the elephant, as, himai 
]o ngi ma kuhango ke 
Kili-mo, one who remem- 
bers, considers, reflects 
Kiraba, n., ant-eater 
Kimbo, n., a large cricket 
Kimb5, tr. v., to belch, to 

Kimi, 71., the Kittim country 
Kina, conj. See Kla 
Klna, i.q. kena, n., man, 

Kinda, tr, v., to start from 
concealment with outcry, 
as an animal; n,, the 
grunting cry of fear 
Kinen, adu,, even so, like- 
wise, as soon as. As a 
n., manner, way; conj\, 
so, in that manner. Kina 
klnen,just so, just as, thus 
also, so likewise, exactly as 
Kinjoro, n., a certain tree 
Klpo, n., a succulent plant 
that is used as a vege- 
Kiripe-lia, adv. , throughout 
Kiwulo, n., ground-pig 
Ko = go, n., belly, inside, 
stomach. Nya goi feingo, 
I am with chilc[. I ani 
g^hu. I ko wumbua. She 
has conceived, is preg* 

nant. Ko nika, w., cow 
in young. So like k6 
hiti hii, wu g9 a ve lo 

Kq and kowo = gg and 
gowo, plu. kga, kolsia, n., 
foot, leg, track 

KQ-hina, def. st. kfi; ko 
hinei, plu. ko hluesia; n., 
toe,* male toe. Kg jia, n., 

Ko, ctwy'., lest, so that, in 
order that (East, interior). 
Kg i ngi ggle, to tempt 

Kg, v., to become ensnared, 
entrapped. Nyei i gga a 

Kg,*^r. v., to taste, to try, 
to know, to endeavour. 
Kina i kgni. When he 
knew; and Tl ngi ggni. 
They knew him not. Ngi 
ye kgi lo kpei ma i ye 
w^i lo, I knew it at tbe 
time it happened. Te 
ha gg. Kina i kgni i lii- 
mani i kpole 

Kq, v., to go high, to be 
rough, to rage 

Ko, tr, v., to fight, to war; 
to play games of skill. 
Ta koi go a hfle. A koi 
go lo kiigbima. * Ta hel§ 

Ko, n., war-giving. Ko 
yi lima, war cooking- 
place, encampment 

Ko-hani and ko-hlnda, n., 
affairs of war. Wa ko- 
hloda meni lo ; ke koma 
dgwoisia. Nyapgi ji iye 
gai lo a ko-hlndf i gbi. Ko 

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baka, def. st. hakesia, n., 
goods; armed with war- 
canoe. Eo lende 

Koa, n., dance 

K6, plu. kolsia, n., gate 

K^ba, r?., a tree having 
broad, thick leaves 

Kobanga, n., a place cleared 
for talking war matters, 
and for giving the last 
instructions to an attack- 
ing party 

Ko-biye, w., a name express- 
ing bravery assumed by 
a warrior ; a name given 
to an attacking force, as a 
watchword or countersign 

Kobo, n., a kind of large 
coarse mat 

Kobo, n., sticks used to 
thicken the bottom 
palings in a barricade 

KQbg-le, w., a kind of fowl 
with very short legs 

Koboi, w., dance to the 
music of sangba 

Ko-b9wa, plu. ko-bowelsia, 
«., war-knife, sword; plu. 

Kgde, tr, v., to tempt, to 
deceive, to persuade to 
do wrong, mislead 

Kode-hinda, n., temptation, 
deception, imposition 

Kodemo, n., deceiver 

K6fe, n., trousers. Bi I6i 
lo ngi kofe ho bi§? Ba 
gii lo a nya g5f§i hola 

Kogba5-loli, n.,' a play of 
turning somersault 

Ko-g6hune we, n,, war joy, 

Kogonde, n., butterfly ; also 
konde, moth 

Kogonge, plu. kogonjesia, 
literally, the mother of 
ants, the name given to a 
snake (which is said to 
have two heads) because 
it is always found in ant- 

Koguba or Kogugba, plu. 
kogugbonga, n,, officer 

Ko-hiti-hii, n,, advanced 
state of pregnancy. Ta 

Ko-h6u, plu. kohoa, koh5u- 
bglesia, n,, captive 

Kohoui, n., captivity 

Kohii, tr, v., to conceive, to 
be with child. Nyahalo 
kShii, I g5nga 

Kohii-gbale, n., abdominal 

K6hii-gbia, »., diarrhoea, 
dysentry ; also kohu 

Kohii-gbini, n., griping 
pain in the bowels 

Kohii-gboyo, r?., past the 
time of child-bearing 

K5hu-hou, «., costiveness, 

Kohiine, n., joy, gladness, 

Kohtlne-ma hinda, n., glad 
tidings, success, pros- 

Eoima, n., a person or 
animal with young beside 
them ; lying-in woman 

K5ja, n., seed like that of 
a cucumber 

Kgjoy n., a kind of egg- 

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plant, the seeds of which 

are used for food 
Koka, n,, a large male fowl 
Koka, n., sandal, shoe, boot 
Eoko, n., an edible tuber ; a 

Vine and its fruit, the 

shell of which is used for 

Eoko, n., a kind of ant; 

also their cone-shaped 

dwellings, being an object 

of worship among the 

Koko, tr. v., to find 
Koko, tr, v., to knock with 

the knuckles, to search 

for a lost article. Ti 

ndendei gokoa kee ti 

gbahaa ma 
Kokoe, n., partridge 
Kokole, n., the crowing of 

KQkoli, tr, v., to seek for, to 

search after 
KokolS, w., the outer bark ; 

a fence, an enclosure to 

entrap animals 
Koko-naowo, n., a turtle- 
shell, beat in the Poro to 

call attention 
Kokowp, tr. V,, to threaten ; 

n., threat 
Kokoye, n., btish fowl 
Kgla, tr. v., to utter, to 

speak. Used with nde, as 

i nde golaa. Eglani, plu. 

Eolagba-lo, n., a young 

man, soldier 
Eglama, tr. v., to surprise, 

to meet unexpectedly. 

Bi gQlaa nya ma 

E5le and konde, n., snail, 
and all mollusks haying 
resemblance, as nga gole 

Kole, w., fife, flute 

Edlf, tr. v., to clean, to 
scx)ur, to whiten. Mbe 
gole, g5lengo, to be 

E51e/ adj.\ white, clean, 
"pure, jusi Ngi gohfl 

Eole,' tr. v., to spirt, to 
blow from the mouth 

Egle, tr. v., to divide, to 
share, to separate, to 
distribute. Eolengo nd€a, 
to divide in the middle 

Eole, adj.f cool, cold ; v. to 
shiver, shudder, to cool. 
Eolema, ei, n., shade, 
cool place.' Ngende ji 
nga golengo 

Kole viira* n., fever 

Eole, «., barrel, cask 

Eolenda and konda, tr. v., 
to count, to number 

Eole-nye, n., a fish called 

Eoli, plu. kQlfnga, n., 
leopard. Eoli nini, leo- 
pard's milk 

EqU, v., to be greedyj stingy, 

Eoli, ir. v., to search for; to 
pluck as fruit ; to pay for, 
as a wife. Ta ngingahg 
gglima. Ngi ngulu 
w^sia golingo. Njlaggli, 
to seek a quarrel 

Egll-blnda, n., cannibalism 
under the guise of a leo- 

Egline, n., plane 

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Kolo, w., skin of living 
beings, hide, the bark 
of a tree, leather, paper, 
Kolo-gglongoIsia,the parch- 
ments. Kolo nyegingoi, 
the Scriptures 
Kolo, n., cask, barrel, 
puncheon, keg ; fireplace. 
Nje wu koloi ya 

Kolo, n., tower 

Kolo, oi, n., snail 

Kolo or ko, tr, v., to feel 

KoJo-gbela-nyo, n., Indian 

Kolo-go-mo, one who knows 
the book, a learned man 

Kolo-ho-mo, one who sews 
leather, shoemaker, book- 

Kolo-kolo-njaka, n,, red- 
headed lizard 

Kolo-nye, w., an eel-shaped 
fish with jointed shell 

Kolo-wa-mo, n., tanner 

K6l5-yeya, n., bridle = 
lekther rope. Ti kolo ye- 
yei wua soi ma 

Kolii, n., iron 

Kolu-gbia, tr. v., to return 
to the husband the money 
he gave for his wife 

Kolu gowei, plu. goweisia, 
n., iron pot 

KqIu likpa, w., arrow 

KQlu-ngii-ma, n., ferule 

Koma, «., cheek 

Koma, tr, v., to refuse, to 
deny. I nya gomaa 

Koma-ama, «., a leaf 
resembling sand-paper, 
used in rubbing furniture 

Koma, ei, n., place of 
gathering, assembly, feast, 
encampment. Komehou, 

to keep a, feast 
Koma, w., greediness 
Koma-gbia, stooping, bent 
Ko-mahii, n., the chief of a 

country who sends the 

Ko-mahii, w., instep 
Kombo, tr, v., to scrape, to 

scratch, to weed out 

grass, to bruise. Ba nya 

K5mbo, tr, v., to increase, 

to enlarge, to multiply, as 

of grain. Mbekombongo 
Kombo, w.,a steep bank by 

the water, the brow of a 

Kombu, n., the lower part 

of the belly 
Kome, tr. v., to surround, 

to meet together, to 

Kome, 7i., meeting, assem- 
bly, convocation. Ta 

Ngewo gome hou 
Komi, n., nasal mucus, snot 
Komi-gule, a leaf used to 

loosen nasal mucus 
Komi, plu. kominga, w., bee, 

honey * 
Komi, tr, v., to lick, to wipe 

up with the finger 
Komi, n,, axe 
Komi-ta, n., honeycomb 
Komi-wiilo, n,, honey ; and 

komi yei= bee- water 
Ko-mo, def. st. ko-moi, plu. 

konga a7id ko-bSla, 

warrior soldier 

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Kona, tr. v., to come to, as 
a stranger; to give a 
present, and state the 
object of one's coining 

Konda, w., mortar, mill 

Konde, kole, w., snail. 
Grbowo gonde, large snail ; 
fafa gonde, intermediate 
snail ; konde-gonde, small 
snail about one inch in 

Konde, n., a kind of small 

Kondi, intr, v., to snore. 
Kondi-mo, inclined to 

Kondi, w., a tree called 

Kgndo, «., a small animal 
that in biting retains its 

Kondo, tr, v., to hold tight- 
ly, to clench. Kondo 
ngtirui ma 

Kondo, w., a wide sword 
with bent point 

Kondo, w., the cooked food 
sent to labourers in the 
middle of the day 

Kondo, plu. kondonga, w., 
locust, grasshopper, 

jumping fish ; increased 

Kondu, w., a tree with 
attractive but worthless 
fruit. Kondei nyande a 

Kone, v., please, do, I en- 
treat. Kone be ngi hinde 
ji we 

Konga, plu. form^ young 
men. Ndakpa 15, sing., 
kohga ti nyahei, plu.; 

konga, plu. kongeisia ti 
nyakanga, the young 
man's wife, the wives 
of the young men 

Konga, w., the back of the 
head, back of a knife, 

Konga, plu. form, men 

Kongo, plu. kongoisia, w., 

Kongo! 5, w., wheel, k6- 
ngoio^gana, w., waggon, 

Koni, w., the poison of 
snake, tarantula 

Koni-lipka, n., poisoned 

Konjo, konjo-liiwo, w., the 
king's portion of the 

Kono, 7i,y name of a country 
and people 

Konu, r>., axe; a palm 
called bamboo ; a fishing 
weir made of the above 

Konu-ngii, w., axe-handle; 
centipede ; the constella- 
tion Orioit 

Konu-go, 71., leaf-stalk of 

Konu mene, an axe with- 
out handle 

Konye, tr. v., to reduce, to 
lessen, as words. A mu 
magonye ma la gb^ 

Kgnye, adj. and adv., re- 
duced, brought near 
completion; idly, un- 

Konyg, w., enemy 

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Kosf-loli, w., magical play 

Kosi, w., trousers reaching 
to the knee 

Kotja, n., tuhani mia kalei, 
a seed of some kind of 

Koto, plu.'! kotolsia, «., 
locust (?) 

Koto, adj.^ bent, crooked. 
Ngi la-b5wei kotongo le 

Koto, tr. V.', to bend , to fold, 
to roll up. Kotokoto, in- 
tens, form, to coil round 
and round 

Koto, w., retribution from 
God or from the spirits 
of deceased relatives,upon 
one who did not mourn 
for them ; vengeance, re- 
venge. Nya gotoi i goa 

Kotobo, w., food of cassada, 
palm cabbage 

Koto-gbol6, n., war-dance, 
and exercise with their 
weapons, with their song. 
ha bft— ha wa9 

Kot5pon, n., reed; a stick 

Koto-yla, n., accusation 
against a relative who 
has failed to mourn at 
the death of one of their 
kindred; imprecation and 
the consequent evil. Koto 
lo ti woma 

Kotu, n., stone, rock; a 
stick partly burnt, fire- 
brand. Kotu-wele, a 
house built of stone. 
Kot6 gbolela, brandiah- 
ing a sword 

Kovago, n., shot made of 

broken pots 
Ko-ve and Kolu-ve, w., iron 

cooking pot. Koveisia 
Kov§, tr, v., to fill, to satiate 

with food, filled 
K9V0. I toni ngi ganyango 

Kov6, (w^*., emaciated. Hi- 

gbe-moi ngi kpv^kovo- 

KQwa, n., shoe, foot, step. 

Kowa felea 
Kowe, w., large bird of the 

eagle kind 
Kowe and koe, n., log, fal- 
len tree 
Ko-wei, conj,, in order that, 

Kg wo, adj., left. Kowo loko, 

left hand or arm 
Kowo, adj., w., and v., fly- 
ing ; to fly, to. sail through 

the air. NwQnlsia ta 

gowo ngeleya 
Kowo, n., driver ant 
Kqwo, and koo, tr, v., to 

warm by fire or in the 

sun, used of living beings. 

A gQ5 a ngombui 
Kowo, *w., foot, leg, track. 

Nu gowoi 
Kowo and kowe, w., large 

bird of the hawk kind 
Kgwoi, conj,, lest, that 

Kowo-la, n., ankle 
Kowo nemahii, n., lowliness 

of ioaind 
Kowo-yio, n., toe 
Kowu, w.*, 1^0 jd. Bi gQwui 

gbi lufe 

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Kown-dewe-mo, n., wood- 

Kowu-yalema, n., the place 
where wood is cut or 

Kowu-yale-mo, n^ wood- 

Koyafa, n., a stone carried 
as a pledge of the sup- 
posed aid of a spirit 

Koyambo, n., a very heavy 
tornado, flood, freshet 

Koyio and kowo-yi5, n., toe 

Koyo, to teach, learn 

Ku = gu 

Ku, n., day. Ku tenga ma, 
some time, space of time 

Kii, tr, v., to surpass, to get 
the mastery; able. Agu 

Ku, adv,y about 

Ku, n., scent, smell ; tr. v., 
to scent, to smell. Ku 
neingo. Ku nenei 

Ku, n., company, group, 
herd. Kuanga ta jia kii 

Ku = gu, kungo = gungo, 
can, be able 

Kiia, n., night. Kiia-lia, 

Kua, §i, »., dance 

Kua, kuai = gua, plu. ku§a 
= kua, kuanga, kualsia, 
monkey ; and also kuala, 
def. st kualei 

Kuaji, w., coral 

Kuanja, n., a large hawk 
that preys upon fish 

Kuara, n., monkey 

Kueni, adj., fragrant, sweet- 
ly, odorous 

Kiigba, §1, plu. kugbanga, 
n., officer. Ko-gugbanga, 
ko-gugbf isia, war-officer, 

Kiigbe, n., a small crocodile 

Kugbf -gbia, to call together 
for labour 

Kiigben, adv., expresses the 
sound of a blow with the 
fist or a stick 

Kugbehga, kugbengeisia, n., 

Ku gbi-ma, adv., always, at 
any time, whenever 

Kiigu, n., the cluster of 
houses owned by a family 
or by related families, 
home, premises. Mu ye 
kuguhii. Ye-kiigu, house 
or home 

Kugiini, n., mucous mem- 
brane of the nasal pas- 

Kuha, adj., long, far, distant, 
tall, high; n., height, 
length. I kiihama, not 
far. Ti li maguhango 
nyama. Tr. t;., to lengthen, 
to extend 

Kiikii, tr. v., to trail, to 
drag, as a beast his prey 

Kuku-hua, n., snake or 
other animal of like mo- 

Kula, tr. and intr. v., to fall 
down, to drop, to throw 
down. Hue i giilfta, to 
put down, to knock down, 
to overthrow, to fall 
upon. Fefe wa i gula 
gb5y§ya, to throw out, 
to utter. Ndf mia iyf 

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kulani. Ngi sali lo gu- 

Kula or kulla, n., large cloth 

of native manufacture 
Kula-ho-mo, one who sews 

cloth = tailor 
Kula-giitu, n., short cloth, 

Kula-ggle-mo, fuller 
Kiila- Willi, w., cloth- tree = 

Kiile, n., deht 
Kul|, n., ceremony made to 

a man at the death of his 

wife or the first death 

among his wives 
Kiile, w., a circular fish-trap 

of palings ; an inclosure ' 

for bathing, cage, hen- 
Kulo, adj,y small, little. 

Nesi kiiliingo. Kulo-mo 

a ngie. Ndo kulo, ikulo 

wiiloi, kiiloisia, the last. 
, Kiil6 be, not in the least. 

Kiilongo, to be small, 

KCilu, w., flock, as of birds, 

fish; crowd; clump or 

thicket. Nwgni giilui i 

lewea sangi 
Kiiiu,Vr. v., to agree to, to 

consent, to acknowledge. 

Mu kulua 
Kuma, ei, in company 
Kumba,*n., shirt, frock, coat 
Kiimbo, tr, v., to scratch 
l\\iH9,,' adv., again, by-and- 

by. Ku na = that day, 

then. Ngi ha lo kuna. 

Navgi na, a wema kiina a 

nya uda 

Kuna, in the future. It is 
used with verbs of future 

Kuna-f6, adv., for ever. 
Kuna fo levui, life ever- 
lasting, continually 

Kiina-gba, henceforth 

Kunda, ei, w., scales of the 
crocodile, or the snail's 

Kunde, tr. v., to clear away, 
to haul together, to re- 

Kundo, n.y inside corner of 
a house, room 

Kiindu, tr. v., to skim ; to 
take out of the water 
with the hand, the fingers 
being a little separated. 
Mbe ngiindu nye hii, to 
draw through the water 

Kungo, to be enough 

Kunjahii, adv., daringly, 
hazardous. A winde 

Kuru = guru, tr, v., to re- 
ceive. Kiirungo le, lit. 
it isadmitted,itisenough. 
Kiirunga, as, ngi kuru- 
nga, I agree, consent ; it 
is acceptable; to accept, 
to grant, to encircle, to 
embrace, to hug 

Kurula, verb, n., receiving, 

Kiirupe, all, every one. 
Nunga kurupea, ail peo- 

Kiitu, adj., short, small, 
part or portion of a thing 

Kiitu, w., stone 

Kuwl, n.^ section, division. 

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part of a whole, used in 
apportioning work upon 

Kwa = kua = kwua, w., 

Kwogboma, w., bird with a 
long tail 

Kp = gb, kpa = gba 

Kpa kpae, w., spear, adze, 
crawfish; lath for sup- 
porting thatch : aZso kpala, 
spear. Ti ngi boi lo a 
kpae, ke i haa 

Kpa, w., a fetish, and the 
sacred place where car- 
cases of ferocious animals 
are brought for the wor- 
ship of their spirits 

Kpa, tr, v., to count, to 
number, to reckon; n., 
number. Ti ngi gbai lo. 
They counted him. Kpala, 
verb, n., counting 

Kpa, w., debt, adze ; adj., in- 
debted, credit. ;Se«Mende 
Gram., §66.) Ba kpa-yia 
le ngi ma. Do not speak 
to him about debt = do 
not ask him again 

Kpa lo, there is a difference, 

Kpa and kpale and kpala, 
n,, farm, field; def. st. 
kpaei, plu. kapaesia, con- 
traction of kpalei. Kpa 
mahugbe-mo, overseer of 
the farm 

Kpa, intens. adv., fast, firm, 
loud. Ta mia a hou kpa. 
He it is, hold him fast. 
Kpa wo, loud voice or 

1 noise 

Kpa, v., to be separated, 

Kpa, w., broom made of 

palm leaves 
Kpafa, w., a kind of fetish 
Kpagba, tr, v., to shake 
Kpagba, an instrument 

used by weavers 
Kpaha, as ngi kpaha gbi 

go nya hu, I know 

nothing by or against 

Kpaha, w., raft, float 
Kpaha, n, and adj., in- 
ability, unable; to be 

Kpahama, plu. gbahamesia, 

w., fragments 
Kpai, def. st. of kpa, garden 

Nguru doni kpai lia 
Kpain, adv., hardly, severe- 
ly, tightly. A ngi ygngo- 

lu ganyi kpain 
Kpaina, n., a very large 

black ant 
Kpaiya, w., handkerchief, 

napkin, towel 
Kpaji, tr. v., to clap hands, 

to slap with the palm of 

the hand 
Kpaka, w., head as of rice, 

ear of corn. Ngo gbaka 

yela ve mbe 
Kpaka, w., throne 
Kpakali, plu. Kpakalla, w., 

chair, stool, seat of three 

Kpaki-gale, w., bone of the 

Kpaki, w., wing, upper arm,. 

Kpaki-ma-venje, w., tassel, 

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mendb-engush: vocabulary. 

arm ornament worn by 

Kpakola, n., a clotli twisted 
round the loins 

Kpaku, w., hoop, handle; 
kolo-gbaku. Mbe mbe- 

Kpakolo, w., a child large 
and strong for one so 
young in years 

Kpakpa, 71., name of a fetish 
used for the protection of 

Kpakpa, tr. v., to nail, to 
pound ; to raise up, fast- 
ening with nails; to 
make, to fasten in stocks ; 
to kneel 

Epakpa, n., a tree 

Kpakpa-:wuru, n., ladder^ 
steps, stairs 

Kpakpa, n., trembling. A 
gbell kpakpa 

Kpakpani, n., dragon-fly; 
a play in which two lock 
arms and rock each upon 
the other's back 

Kpakpau = kpagbau - 
kpakpawu, to be strong, 
hard, difficuli I kpa- 
gbauni a gala ; kpakpau- 
ngo, to be overpowered. 
"Wu ll kpakpaulesia va, 
For the sake of the 
hardness of your hearts. 
Kpakpaongo ipekei ma 

Kp&la, n.\ thigh, * stilts. 
Kpala loli, to play upon 

Kpala, kpa, n. and adj\, 
field, farm, in its natural 
state. MlMbgbala 

Kpala, to lament, to bewail, 
to deplore. Ta gbala 
ngi va 

Kpale, n., pain, grief, 
grudge. Kpale hu, to 
be in pain, to be grieved. 
I gbale ti ma gbon, It 
grieved them very much 

Kpalengo ti ma, trouble 
upon them : tr, v., to 
injure, to hurt some one, 
kpai = gbai. Nya wui i 
gbai ma, My head aches 

Kpale-gbia, tr, v., to tell a 

Kpalema, n. and adj\, sore, 
place of pain ; grieving 

Kpalema-hlnda, that which 
pains the mind, matter 
of grief, grievance 

Kpama, w., braces 

Kpama, n,, sore 

Kpamande, w., bell 

KpambI, n., rule,line, mark, 
course ; red handker- 

Kpambu, «., armhole, 

Kpana, pron,, name 

Kpanda, n., half a fathom, 

Kpande, tr, and intr, v., 
to roar, to scold, to re- 

Kpande, n., gun, rifle, 
report of a gun; v., to 
thunder, to scold voci- 
Kpande-gale, »., bullet, 

shot, projectile 
Kpande-gotu, n,, gun-flint 
Kpande-vanja, n,, a cap of 

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skin placed over the lock 
to protect it from damp- 

Kpandeve, n., swallow or 

Kpande-wllemo, w., marks- 
man, shooter, hunter 
Epandi, tr. v., to warm, to 

heat, to hurry, to hasten ; 

orf/, hot, quick-tem- 
pered, impetuous, daring. 

Kpandingo, to be hot, to 

become very earnest 
Epandin, adv., suddenly, 

hotly, quickly 
Epangba, n., a small broom 

made from the midribs 

of the tokpo'la 
Kpanga, w., field burnt 

before clearing 
Epango, to be high in 

price, dear; to be firm 
Epangiila, n., rice beaten 

from the husk without 

any intermediate process^ 

called rough rice 
Epangiima, n., Sande bush 
Epanje, n,, ornament worn 

upon the shoulders of a 

war official 
Epanji and kpaji, to clap 

Epanya, adj., coarse, Eole 

Epan, adv,, steadfastly^ 

Epao, adv,, quickly, as soon 

as. Eina i wani ke i 

gonaa kpal 
Eapao, n., outcry, scream 
Epaoya, n., state or condi- 

ti<m of singleness 

Epa-pele, n., any private 

Epasa, adj\ and n., un- 
protected, not fortified. 
Ta kposa, barricade, 
palisade, frame. Pele 
Epate, tr. v,, to make, to 
construct, to create, to 
repair, to put in order, 
to enrich, to invent 
Epate, adj,, rich, wealthy, 
repaired ; riches, wealth 
Epate-hani, n., creature 
Epate-mo, n., rich man 
Kpatengol, adj., prepared 
Epato, n., cutlass, bill- 
hook, sword 
Epato, w., molar tooth; 

name given in infancy 
Epau, intr. v., to cry 
Epava, 17., a small bag 
carried upon the person. 
Epava mu jiei va, scrip 
for the journey 
Epavl, w., flea, dog-louse, 
Epavo, tr. v., to catch with 
the Iiand, as a ball thrown ; 
to raise up, to toss, as 
waves ; tossed ; to sadden 
one's heart 
Epawa, w., fool 
Epawa, n., pay, payment. 
Navoi ji kpawa nya-we. 
Pay this bill /or me— nya 
ye, to me 
Epawe, plu. kpawelsia, n,, 

cat * 
Epa-wlll-mo, n., creditor 
Epawo, n., a person in 
siugle life, widow, bache- 
j lor, spinster 

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Kpawoya, perhaps widow- 
hood. Kpawo nyghahga, 

Kpawn, n., bridge, bail, 
handle; used with the 
name of the thing. Fagi 

Kpawulu, w., a fragrant 
gum which, when dis- 
solved, is used as a per- 

Kpaya, adj., strong, hard, 
difficult. A kpaya, by, 
with force 

Kpaya-mo, w., strong per- 

Kpaya-hinda, w., strength 

Kpaya, w., handkerchief 

Kpayahgo, to be strong, 

Kpaya-wiilo, w., a noose 
trap with spring pole for 

Kpayia, n., a demand for 

Kpaye, n., power, might, 

Kpe = gbe 

Kpe = gbe, n., adj., and 
v\, business, work, busy. 
Nya gbehgo, i.e. I am 
engaged,' pressed with 
work. Kpe lo nya ma, 
I am busy 

Kpe, tr. v., to stop, to leave 
off, to cause to cease. 

Kpe, suffix, only. I fele kpf , 
two only, alone; self. 
Nya kpe 

Kpe, odlv.'still, so. Hei kpe, 
sit still. Do kpe, stand 

Kpe, kpe we, tr. v., to snatch, 
to drive away, to pursue, 
to hunt, to run after ; to 
justify one's self. I kaye 
gbe ngi vuli ma, to dis- 
charge, to send away ; to 
fish. Ti ya nye gbema, 
they go fishing. Ti ya 
kpema, hunting. Kpe 
we, to give chase. Ke i 
ngi gbenga. When he had 
driven him. Kpemo, w., 
hunter, used with the 
name of the animal, 
bird, fish, etc.; as, h^lf 
gbemo a hgie 

Kpe and kpele, tr. v., to 
behold, to see, to cast 
lots, to look at. Wa bi 
hani ji gbele, to mind, 
to guard ; to look at^ 
upon ; to observe. Kpe- 
mo, w., overseer, guardian^ 

Kpe, def. st. kpei, n., debt, 

Kpe-boma, n., net for 
catching wild animals 

Kpegbe, n., parrot; some 
kind* of frog 

Kpegbe, n., imprecation, 
naaleciiction, curse 

Kpegbe, w., comb. Ta ti 
wiindie hiigbia a kpagbe 

Kpegbeli", w., cruelty, afflic- 
tion; adj., cruel, hard- 
hearted, savage 

Kpe gbia, tr. v., to pay a 
debt, to serve, to minister. 
Ti kpe gbia ngi we 

Kpe-gbia-mo, one who 
renders service, servant. 

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minister. Kpf-gbla-mo 
mahongo, a chosen or fit 
servant, instrument 

Kj)egele, intens. adv., very. 
Ngi ganyango kpegele 

Kpe-hani, w., spectacle, 

Kpe-hou, to be in want 

Kpein = kpen, the whole. 
Folo kpen, off, over ; and 
kpen, all. ¥019 kpen 
mu jia 

Kpeje and kpeje-bonda, 
some kind of aromatic 
gum used by women, 

Kpeka, n., razor. Kpekei 
nyandingo, the razor is 

Kpekele, «., the leading 
man or woman of the 

Kpekpa, tr, u., to cross from 
one side to the other, to 
lay across. Ti ngiilu 
fele bumbu, ti yela kpe- 
kpa, ipekei bolo bu li 

Kpekpa, n,, breadth 

Kp|kpalu, n., the ridge pole 
of a house 

Kpekpe, tr, v., to become 
good* to improve, to 
increase in some quality 
of goodness, to become 
profitable. Ti kpekpengo 
yele gbon. They were very 

Kpekpe, adj., good, valu- 
able, desirable, suitable ; 
91., profit, suitableness, 

. utility 

Kpekpe, v-., to care for. A 

kpekp§, with care 
Kpekpe, n., cockroach. 

Kpekpe b§li, the skill of 

the cockroach ; plu. kpe- 

Kpekpe, tr, v., to sift, 

to separate by shaking ; 

to cluck like a hen; to 

tremble convulsively 
Kp^kpeli, n., a worm of the 

caterpillar kind 
Kpekpeya, n., fitness, ex- 

plediency, proficiency 
Kpela and kpelango, prep., 

near, by; w!, side, part, 

close to 
Kpela, tr. v., to mature, to 

reach puberty, matured. 

Used of females 
Kpela-gbia, tr. v., to cleanse 

and dress well. Used of 

young females. Kyapoi 

na a kpela-gbia 
Kpele and kpere, adj., all, 

every one. Wu kpele wa 

pe lo 
Kpele, n,, beard 
Kpele-vanja, n., a person 

with long thick beard 
Kpele, tr, v., to smart ; to 

blister by a whip or by 

rubbing; to itch. Used 

of the irritation caused 

by scratching grass 
Kpele, n., time; bed of 

raised earth 
Kpele, tr. v., lo snarl, to 

growl, to beware, to 

take heed ; growling 
Kpele, and kpe, tr, v., to 

leave, to leave off, to for- 

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Kpf a hlnda nyft- 
mu, leave off doing evil. 
Kpele ma gole Dyeglngo, 
bill of divorcement 

Kpele, aJso kpe, def. st. 
kpfi, time; adv., when. 
I kpele yakpei na ma, 
The very same time; 
kpelei ji, that time; 
since*. I kpelf i ji b61a, The 
people of tfiis time = this 
generation. Epeleisia, 

Kpel|, intr. v^ to roar like 
a lion 

Kpelema, f i, n., time. An 

Kpelenyo, n., guinea com, 
broom com 

Kpeli, tr. v., to tremble, to 
spin, to shudder, to shiver, 
to fear, to shake. Ko hi- 
nde ji a pf mu gbeli 

Epelo, n., a cat-fish having 
a* light colour 

Kpelu, also kpoli, n., river, 
stream, brook; a large 
earth-worm about eigh- 
teen inches long. Lukpe 
pelu-hii. Put in the creek, 
t.e. drive into a corner in 
an argument 

Epema, n., water-deer red- 
dish in colour,with white 
stripes, long pointed 
nose, body two or three 
feet long 

Kpf ma, adj. and n., barren, 
unproductive ; barren- 
ness. I gbf mango yele 

Kpf ma, n., time, I kpf infi 
na ma» at that time 

Kpema, fi, n., the place 
where anything is shown 
or to be seen 

Kpf ma, n., company; wa 
kpfma wf, do not keep 
company;* to be a par- 
taker of 

Kpfma-mo, plu. kpema- 
b^la, partaker of; 'and 
kpfma hlnda hu, in ne- 

Kpembo, tr. v., to disen- 
tangle, to loosen ; to ex- 
plain, to answer ; to plead 
for one's self in court ; to 
return answers to ques- 
tions. Kpembo wa ngua 
ma (Luke xxi. 14) 

Kpemu, intens. adv., rerj. 
Niimui kiitungo kpemu 

Kpf nda, tr. v., to pluck, as 
fruit; to take away 
forcibly, as children or 
money. Ngi woma-b61e- 
sia ti mbf gbfndaa, to 
fall down * 

Kpende, tr. v., to hinder, to 
delay, to detain, to stunt 
the growth; adv., tardy, 
delinquent. Kpende kpe- 
nde-mo a ngid 

Kpende, 91., some kind of 

Kpene, tr. v., to scrape, to 
clean or whiten by 

Kpengi,n., yesterday. Kpe- 
ngi nda gbengi, the day 
before yesterday 

KpenI, n., a small greenish 
lizard ; to become a lizard, 
or a sly cunning person. 

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K&s5 kpeni a big. Mu 
jiama a kpeni 

Epenl-hlnda, n., deceit, 
subtlety, craftiness 

Epenl-yen^f-mo, deceitful 

Kpenje, v., to crumble, to 
break into pieces by 
beating ; to scowl by con- 
tracting the eyebrows ; 
grain broken into small 
fragments. Mba gbenye 

Kpen, adj.y all, whole, very. 
Ha kpen, all day long, the 
whole day 

Kp^nene, Kpenenengo, 
tinkling (1 Cor. xiii. 1) 

Epengla, cross, unwilling 
to favour 

Kpengbe, w., float for a fish- 
hook ; a small kind of 

Kpengbeyalu, n,, bed-bug 

Kpenkpeje, ndv,, com- 
pletely. Ngi kpoyoa 

Kp§vu, ir, v., to gather in 
one place 

Kpf wo, n,, stock ; a heavy 
log of wood used to con- 
fine captives, criminals, 
and slaves 

Kpewo, n., a trap made 
with a spring pole for 
catching monkeys, squir- 
rels, etc. 

Kpewo, tr, v., to squeeze, to 
clinch with the hand, to 
punch between two hard 

Kpewu, n., a short rod 
with a forked end for 

stirring rice and other 
food while cooking 

Kpeya, tr, v., to stand aside, 
to make way for another 

Kpi = gbi 

Kpl, intens. adv., very; 
precipitately, confusedly. 
I dewf 6 kpl and kpi, very 

Kpla * = gbia, tr, and intr. 
v., to depart, to come 
out. Sf gbIa, to give 
thanks. To take from, a 
gbIa lo wu yeya. To cast 
out, tear off, take off. 
Ke ti maha-tomoi gbIa 
ngi ma. To put forth, 
ndawa gbla. Mu gbIa hi- 
nda nyamu yeya, Deliver 
us from evil. * To take by 
force, ti tei gbfa. To 
perform a miracle, ka- 
Dande gbia. Kpla nya 
w6ma. Get thee behind 
me. To tell a, story, d6- 
mei gbia. Nya gahii gbl- 
anga a bi d5la, lit. My 
inside rises at a sight 
of thee = I am glad to 
see thee. Nya To wH- 
lima, gbamaile nya gahii 
gbiango. Pof gbia, 
adultery. Nga'wu gbia, 
laying eggs. To resemble 

Kpia, ei, t»., coming forth ; 
experiment, proof 

Kpla-gglu, n., iron ore 

Kpia-hani, captured goods 

KpTa-lo, n., the firstborn. 
I kpla hindo-lgi lea 

Kpia-mo, one older; a cap- 
tive retaken 

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KpIa-p5ma-ino, one that is 
approved of 

Kplaye-hani, w., likeness. 
Ngi gblango If, example 

Kpikpi, n., electric fish 

IKpikpilima, w., the thickest 
place of the forest 

Kpila, n,, offence, trespass, 
injury done. Nya gbia 
lo wu la a ke 

Kpili, adv., quiveringly. 
A gbeli kpili 

Kpili or nja gbili, n., dark 
watery cloud 

Kpindi, n. and adj., night, 
darkness; dark^ obscure; 
to darken 

Epindi-lia, n., midnight. 
Kina kpindi liei hitini, 
"When midnight had 

Kpindibo, w., night stroller, 
night walker 

Kpindi-go, w., night war- 

Xpindi-nlli, w., a very dark 

Kpindi-vama, n., an even- 
ing visit 

Kpindi-wele, n., prison, 
jail. Ke ti ngi wiia kpi- 
ndi wele bu 

Kpindi- we-bu-mo, plu. kpi- 
ndi- we- bub61a, bulelsia, 

Kpindi-we-mahii-gbe -mo, 
prison-keeper, guard 

Kpingi ma or gbingima, n., 

Kpin, adv., dark, darkly 

Kpini, tr. v., to twist, to 
wring, to turn round 

Kpinyi, r?., many. FHhanl- 
sia ti gbinyingo 

Kpinyingo, to be plentiful 

Kpiri, adv., much 

Kpiti, plu. kpitini, n., grass. 
Kpiti mumuisia, small 

Kpiti, intr, v., to overgrow 
with grass ; tr. v., to rub 
upon, to come in contact 
with, to gradually over- 

Kplo = kpulo, to tie, to tie 
a knot 

Kploma, w., knot. Tukpe 
kploma, to drive to a 
knot, i.e. to bring to a 
diflftculty in an argument 
= to drive into a corner 

Kpo = gbo 

Kp5, n., residuum, sediment, 
dregs, dung. Ti kpo 

Kpg, adj., used with wo, to 
sjgnify a long time past. 
Ngi pei lo wo kpo 

Kpo, n. and v., scar, cica- 
trix ; a bag of skin ; to 
heal = gbo. A kpo gbe, 
Help ye to cateh 

Kpogbo, n., hammer 

Kpogbou, adj., red. Tufa 
b5we ji gboboungo 

Kpphii, w., bread, flour. 
Ngi kpohu g61a yela 

Kpohii-yiife, v., meal, flour 

Kp5hii-ve-hani, n., vinegar 

Kpoja, 71., lymphatic glands 
in the thigh 

Kpoja, adj., hard, hardened 
by age. Tange kpojango 

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Kpoki, r?., large hip-bones 
Kpoko, w., evening. Epoko 
volo, evening sun, i.e. 
between folo ngiindia 
and kpokonye, i.e. be- 
t\»een midday and the 
evening twilight = after- 
noon. Kpoko-vo, about 
three o'clock p.m. ; and 
kpoko voi, about five 

Kpoko = kpokolo, an aged 
person. I \votea a kpo- 

Kp5k5 wova, a very old 

Kpoko sape, a jolly, strong 
oid man 

Kpoko nina, one that has 
commenced to get old, 
and has got a few grey 

Kpokpa, to cross, to lay 

Kpokpo, n.t a vine with 
leaves like^ the yellow 

Kpokpo, w., skin, cheek. 
Kpokpo-klakla, the little 
swellings below the jaw- 
bone near the chin 

Kpokpo, w., native cloth 
woven in squares ; tr. v., 
to hem 

Kpokp5hop;o, n., a kind of 
mushroom ; tlie grub of 
a kind of beetle 

Kpokpolu, n., leprosy 

Kpokporo, flw?v., completely, 
entirely Ti lokpongo 

Kpokpou, adj., leprous 

Kpokpouma, n., leprosy 

Kpokpou-mo, n,y leprous 

Kpoku, v., to sprout, to 
bud, to shoot forth ; w., 
bud. Mba-kpoku 

Kpole, adj., green, imma- 
ture, unripe. Saro gbole 

Kpole, t7\ v., to clap wi'tli 
tfiehand; to germinate, 
to begin to sprout 

Kpole, tr. v., to drink. Nya 
ta-'vei gbole, I smoke 
tobacco. To* swallow, to 
suck, to kiss. I ngi loi 
la gbolea 

Kpolr, adj'.y swelled in wales 
from whipping. Ngi 
liiwui ma Kpolingo 

Kpoli, n., river, brook 

Kpoli, w., worm without feet 

Kpcjli-la, n., mouth of a 

Kpolo, kpoloisia, w., lap 

Kpolo, n., salt. Kpolo-hiia. 
Kpolo-ya, salt water, sea, 
ocean. Kpolo jo, sack, 
stick of Fait 

Kpolu =kpowu, kpou, tr. 
v., to redden, to become 
red; to become severe, 
tiresome ; to become dis- 
tressing. Ti liiwui ma 
kpolunjro. They were 
much afraid 

Kpolu, adj., prolapsus ani, 
used in abusive language 

Kpoma, n.f anus 

Kpoma, w., help, assistance 
and kpoma-hani 

Kpoma-mo, n., helper 

Kpomba, assurance 

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Kpombo, tr, v., to besmear, 

to rub 
Kpomu, tr. v., to roughly 

hiew, to block out, to do 

Kpomnjo, n,^ a member of 

Kpona,* plu. kponani, n,, 

staff, club. I ngi If wea 

gbon a kpona 
Kponda, tr. v., to urge, to 

press, to bear upon, to 

force, to constrain, com- 

pell, coerce. I gbondaa 

ngi ma 
Kponda, n., urgent demand. 

I gbonda heii lo nya 

Kponda-kponda, to press 

upon gently and re- 
Eponde, tr, v., to press one 

thing upon another, to 

stick, to adhere to 
Kponde, n., a squirrel-like 

animal that feeds at 

Kpond5, tr, v., to drag, to 

draw heavily, to rub 

harshly, to bruise. Amu 

ngurui gb0nd5 
Epondo, n./ a wild fowl, 

perhaps a kind of guinea- 
KpoDi, n,, enlarged testicle 
Kpgni, tr, v,, to conspire 

against ; n., conspiracy 
Kpgno, n., a kind of fig tree 
Kpono,n., brain; thick wine 

or sap from an old palm 

Kponye, intr, v., to murmur, 

to grumble; complaint, 
murmur ; complaining, • 

Kpongbo, tr, v.,io smooth by 
rubbing, to iron cloth, 
to skip; to incubate or 
set, as a hen upon eggs 

Kpongbo, n., one being ini- 
tiated into the Himo 

Kpongbo-giila, tr, v., to turn 
up the soil by the hoe, to 

Kpongl)gni, n., epilepsy 

Kpongbula, n., a kind of 

Kpoo, exclamation of sur- 

Kporo, tr, v., to overboil, 
boiled very soft ; lame in 
the feet; weakened by 
sickness or wounds. 
Kporongo, to be lame 

Kpgro-mo, n., lame person 

Kporo, n., oath, imprecation 
of evil to attest truthful- 
ness. Nya v6te ngi ji 
weni. Nga mla ngi nya 
nj§ wani 

Kp5s5, n., the falling down 
in a crushing trap 

Kpota, n., vulva 

Kp6t5, adj\, plenty, many, 
abundant, sufficient 

KpStoma, n,, plenty, many, 
multitude. Ti gbotoma 
ta wa 

Kp5t6ngo, to be numerous, 

Kpoto, adv,, completely 

Kpoto, n., the scum that 
rises in boiling, as in oil- 

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Kpotu, tr, V, and adj., to 
thicken ; thick, sub- 

Kpou, adj., red. Kpoungo, 
to be or to make red 

Kpon, to be hard, difficult ; 
and like kpolu, to shut, 
to stopple, to bury. 
Kpowungo le poma, it is 

Kpoula, w., burial, burial- 
place ; i.q. kpou ma 

Kpovg, v., to grow large 
and fleshy 

Kpovo, 71., desolation, ruin, 
without inhabitant. Kdo- 
loi a we a kpovo 

Kpovo, n., thicket 

Kpovovo, a kind of green 

Kpowa, n. and v., simple, 
foolish, idiotic, crazy ; to 
become insane, deranged. 
Kene ji ngi nemahulengo 
wg ke i gbowaa na : ir. v., 
to deceive. Ti ngi gbo- 
wai lo 

Epgwa, n., a person not 
connected with any 

Kpowe, 71., a kind of mush- 

Kpgwo, 71., ankle 

Kpowo, 71., a hollow iron 
rattle with two nngs in 
each end, used by 

Kpoyo, n., cowry. Kpoyo- 
go, the game of throwing 
cowries ; to play the game 

Kpoyo, tr. v., to finish, to 
complete, to perfect; to 

be all spent, to end. 
Numu gbonyongo, num. 

Kpu = gbu 

Kpu, plu. kpiia, ti., farm- 
house, hut, temporary 
shed in the field. Ti yi 

Kpu, 7i., whole, the whole 
piece. Kpuisia. I k5lo 
kpu yela majiaa ngi ma 

Kpiieila = kpii, n., hut, tent 

Kpuha, ei, n., body of a 
person* animal, tree,. or 
anything whole. Ngi 
salo, kpiiha mea. Kpu- 
ha-iaii, adv., bodily 

Kpuhango, whole 

Kpiija, tr. v., to jump down, 
to work vigorously, to 
turn up the soil with a 
hoe, to make sweet and 
watery by cutting the 
stalk of plants 

Kpuka, tr. v., to cut in small 
pieces for cooking, as 
cassada or other things 

Kpuko, 71., bed, the place 
for resting ; preparing or 

Kpiiko makpo, tr, v., to 
share the bed with 

Kpiiko-mani, ti., a bird- 

Kpiikpula, n. and v., 
diarrhoeal excrement; to 
cause diarrhoea. Mehe 
nyamui ji i nya gbii- 

Kpakpule, tr. v., to brush 
off, to shake off 

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Kpukpuli and kpukpulu, 
n., crumbs, dust, small 
particles ; tr. v., to break 
into small fragments by 
a single blow 

Kpiikpunye, n., a kind of 
ant lion 

Kpula, tr, v., to miss the 
mark, as in shooting or 
striking; to fail in an 
undertaking. Exclama- 
tion, God forbid ! 

Kpiila, n., calabash, bottle, 
gourd; made of those 
gourds that have necks 

Kpulf , tr. v., to shave. I ngi 
wiii gbulea, to remove 
from. Ti'gbiilea ndoloi 
na hii 

Kpiile, w., emigration 

Kpfilen, adv., suddenly 

Kpiilo, w., a kind of hom- 
bill, knot 

Kpiilo, tr. v., to tie a knot, 
to hitch, as a horse to a 
tree ; to swell, as from a 

Kpulo-kpiilo, adj.y knotty. 
Ngiirui kpiilo-kpulongo 

Kpulu, n., cave, (Jen, hollow 
in a tree 

Kpunde, w., oppression, 
violence. Ta kpunde 

Kpiinde, tr. v., to lay hold 
OD, to bounce upon, to 
seize forcibly 

Kpiinde, w., an event caus- 
ing great excitement, and 
leading to violent pro- 
ceedings, as the shedding 
of blood. Kpunde-hinda 

Kpiindo, n., west ; the lower 
place, as the mouth of a 
river when compared with 
its source 

Kpiindo, intr, v., to swell ; 
to rise a little, as a brook 
from early rain 

Kpiindo-pele, w., space be- 
tween hills, valley 

Kpunye, w., charcoal 

Kpiita, tr. v., to bore holes 
through a vessel, to cut 
through as an auger; intr, 
v., to burst through over- 
boiling, to eat through as 
worms do 

Kpiitu, n,, tadpole, polli- 

Kpiiwa, w., rain-shed, farm- 
house, store-house for 
rice. See Kpu 

Kpiiwandi, n., a thorny 

Words beginning with L, 
and not found under this 
letter, will be found under 
Nd. For La see Nda ; for 
Le see Nde, Le nde ; for Li 
seeNdi ; for Lo see Ndo ; for 
Lu see Ndu. ^ee Mende 
Grammar, §§ 23-28. 
Hence,La, Lai, Laa, or La, 
Laisia must be looked for 
under Nda, leaf; and La- 
lei, Laa, or La, Leisia 
under Nda, mouth or 
word. Lapi, see Ndapi 

La, def. st. lai; plu. laa or la, 
laisia = ndaa, nda ; w., leaf 

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La, def. st. lei, pin. lelsia, n., 
mouth, word,* opening of 
any kind. Gbo lo bi la 
ba nde, What is thy word 
thou sayest? =what hast 
thou to say? Mu gbi 
njiei lo mu la nde va. 
La* gomi, to kiss. I ngi 
la gomi. Ndogboi-la, 
bush mouth, outskirts 

La, tr, and intr. v., to lie 
down, lay down, to place, 
to put, to cast, to enact, to 
establish (see Nda); to 
trust, confide, believe in ; 
to dare, venture 

La, adv., not. Ngi la hinde 
i ji we 

La, prep., with, before ; adv,, 
then. A la hfje. He then 
(or before) got up. Kii 
lole teweni ta la ngi lo? 
no longer. Ngi la ndoe- 
hii, I am no longer in 
the world 

La, tr, v., to begin. Ta la 
yi. They began to sleep ; 
to continue. Nge la me 

La, w.,name; lei. Ngi 
lei lo a kpana. Ta bi la 
ge. They show thy name = 
they believe in thee 

Labu, compound of la, 
mouth, and bu, under, 
in, n,, front; prep., before, 
in the presence of. Ta 
lo doni pe labu. He was 
standing before (in the 
mouth of) the house, in 
the door 

Lagba, intr, v., to grow up, 

large; to mature, to reach 
the age of puberty. Used 
only of males. Ke kina 

Lagbft-lo, plu. lagbaloisia, 
n., young man 

Lagbole, tr. v., to kiss upon 
the niouth 

Lagbou or lagbowu, tr. v., 
to shut, to close 

Lagela, to put mouth in = 
to make mention; to re- 

Lago, tr. v., to feed. A ti 

Lagiiru, def. st. lagurui, plu. 
lagiirua, lagiiruisia, n., 

La-hei, tr. v., to name; to 
call by the name of 
another, as a child 

Lahi, tr. v., to caution, to 
warn, to counsel, to ad- 
vise, to order, to com- 
mand; to mind, to give 
heed, to care for. La- 
hingo ye 1?, They were 

Lahila,ver6. w.,commanding, 
instructing, warning 

Lai (see La), to lay, etc. 

Lai, n., troops assembled, 
army. Lai heime 

Lakpa. (See Lagba.) 

Lala, tr. v., to pull, to draw, 
to drag, to grow, to 
advance in stature; n., 

Lalabu, n., an Arab 

Lali, tr. v., to relate, to 
state, to give account of; 
to mind, to take heed. 

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attend to. I lalini, He 
took no heed. Ba lall 
ma, Care not for it 
Lalo, w., iron rattle 
Lama, f i, n., a place to lie 

down', bed-chamber, bed 
Lama = tama, adj., foolish, 

prodigal, vain. NJ'a ma 

lamango 13 
Laraa-gbate, tr, v., to make 

ready, to prepare ; to put 

aside for safe keeping 
Lambo, v., to raise one's self 

up, to become straight 
Lambu, tr. v., to stretch 

out, forth. I ngi I6k5i 

Lame, v. tr.^ to stretch one's 

self. I lame a ngi gbayfi 

Langi, w., a long pointed 

Lango, w., a native cloth 
Lango, what is appointed, 

fixed = natural 
Lango, w., faith, trust. Ji va 

bi lango a &g6 hi boa. 

Nya lango le a wu|,' I 

have confidence in you, 

or I persuade you to be 

Lanye, n., a broad fiat ring 

upon the wrist, bracelet 
Lanye, n., the sword-fish 
Lanyo, n., an adulterous 

Lapa, tr. v., to braid with 

three strands, to braid 
Lapa, tr. v., to fight, to 

struggle, to use great 

efibrt, to swim. I Tapia 

nje htL kaka 

Lapi, to cross the water by 
swimming ; and the 
meanings of the preceding 
word. Lapi-mo,onewho 
fights, swims, etc. 

Lata, ei, n., coast, district, 
regions, towns 

LatO, tr. v., to praise, to 
glorify ; to approve one's 

Laval i, n., interpreter, me- 
diator, advocate, prime 

La vengo, filled to the mouth , 
brimful. Tekpe wgfela 

Law5i to boast. Ba lawo, 
boast not 

Lawo e law6 nge wo yama, 
should not glory before 

LawQ-hani or hinda, glory- 
ing, a thing to boast 

LawQ, to open the mouth, 
and merely to open. 
Eamba lawongo 

Laya, proper name 

La-yla, la-yifi, la-ylelsia, 
lit. mouth-word, word. 
Eina ti ye mahfi Ia-yl$i 


Le, n., birth. L6 vOloi, 

Lf , tr. v., to beget ; to bear, 
give birth. Ngi ndo lolu 
lenga, to breed. ' Nya 
h*agb§ makf ndsle va. 
I nd$ l§a 

Le, tr. v., to lift up, to carry, 
to bear ; to go up, to 

* climb up = de. Ti bi le 

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ti ygya. Ndului a le 

ngfle'ya. Ngl lengo I le 

Le, adv,, yet, still. Klna 

le iy§ yiama 
Le (nde), to speak, to tell ; 
to pass sentence, to 
decide against, to declare 
guilty, to condemn. Nde 
Iga, He has told a lie. Ti 
l|nga. Ti ngi le ha va, 
Ifngo le. I ngi nemahii 
lengo se 
Ij^'y suhst. v., to be. Nya 1§, 
it is I ; bia I 1$, it is not 
thou. Ina na 1 1§, if it be 
not that ; so = otherwise 
Le (nde), a lie ; def. st. lei 
Leb^la, plu. of le-mo = ndg- 
*mo, nd^belfsia = If hel|- 
isia, parent, master, ruler, 
LegSli, n., a large ulcer 
Legbu, n., limber 
Legilegi, n, and adv., by 
order, in turns, in course ; 
Lehei, v., to impose upon 
Ii|-hlnda, n., judgment 
Le hinda, n., condemnation 
Lei, def. st. of la, name 
Lei, def. st of nde, lie 
Leke, adv., only, all, alone, 
continuously, custom- 
arily. Per syncope, le or 
lee. Lf ke-lekf , more and 
Lekpe, tr, v., to form into a 
line, to stand or place in a 
successive manner. Ndo- 
p5isia ti lekpe hinde ji, 
to* permit. Mu lekpea bi 
wf. Wa lekpe ngafa nya- 

mui we. Bo not give place 
to the evil spirit. Lekpe- 
ngo, to be disorderly. 
To bend, to wind, to in- 
cline, to lean to. Lekpe- 
lekpe, adv,, alternately, 
by turns, in succession 

Lekpu, intr. v., to limp, to 
be lame ; lame, weakened. 
Kai ti lekpungo 

Leia, verb, n,, speaking, 

Lele, adj, and adv., slowly, 
moderately, without en* 
ergy. Yia lele. Kene na 
ngi hulelengo 

Lele, adj., black 

Lele, n., wrong, to be in 
the wrong. Nya lele, bi 
lele, I am, thou art, in the 

L§li, tr. v., to wet, to cool, 
to appease, to satisfy ; to 
be wet, to be soft, tender, 
cool ; to be pleased, to be 
at peace. Ndl lelingo, of 
a tender heart. Ndi lelia, 
to be resigned 

Lf ma (ndf ma), tr. v., to for- 
get, to allow to pass out 
of mind. Ngi lemani bi 

Lembi, tr. and intr. v., to 
stop, stay long at a 
place, to tarry ; to remain, 
to last, to continue, to 
linger. I ngi walei lem- 
binga. Elembi tiinu nge- 

Le-mo, plu. lemoa and It- 
bSla, one who begets, 
father, i»e, the natural 

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father ; while ke is more 
an expression of respect, 
as, master, Mr., parent. 
LeDgo, to be born 

Lem'ungo, to be in the right, 
to he cleansed, to be 

Left, adv,, uljright, erect, 
straight, l^gwm do len 

Lende, r?., a small rat or 

Lende, tr. v., to stand on 
the* toes, to walk tiptoe ; 
to strike, to struggle to- 
gether. Lendeisia 

Lende-kpa, tr. v.] to lift or 
carry a heavy thing be- 
tween several 

Lenga, plu. of If, children 

Lfnga = tenga, adv,, to- 
gether, in unison 

Lenge-magbeli, adj., delay- 
ing to perform till too 
late to do it well 

Lengi, adj., slender, not 
thick. Mu poa kaka, ke i 
loa na ke lengi-lengi 

Lengo, to be guilty, to be 
condemned. Lengo ha va, 
to be condemned to death 

Lengo, to be exalted, puflfed 

Letf, tr, v., to lead about. 
Letema, leading ^bout. 
Lftfnga nyevi-nyevi 

Letfwe, intr, v., to walk 

Leti, n., some kind of grass 

Leva, r?., a cover for dishes 
made of the fibre of the 

Leve, «., food of rice flour 

Levu, (ndevu) n., life, 
breath; intr. v., to breathe, 
to live, to rest, to blow, rest. Wu levu, take 

Levuma, n., life, resting- 

Lewe = ndf we = tewf,<r.t;., 
to beat, to strike; to pass, 
surpass ; to cross a river ; 
denoting the com parati ve, 
to be better. Ke ndevui i 
leweni me-hani ma, ke 
kpiilei i leweni kolo ma ? 
Njei nya l|w|anyamungo. 
Lewf , to pass aside 

Lew'ela, verb, n,, striking, 

Lewo, comp. adv., never of 
old, never before 

Lewe-maya, ei, w., victory ; 
thy passing superior 

Le we-tiiwoi, n., forwardness, 

Li (ndi), w., plu. llmaisia 
and llnieisia, irregular 
being formed of lima, 
heart in the widest sense 
of the word. It is used 
as the grammatical siib- 
ject or object of verbs, 
expressing the emotions 
of the soul and mind, as 
of affection and hatred, 
as well as of some bodily 
complaints. The most 
common expressions of 
this kind are the follow- 
ing : — ^Nya ll gbi hindoi 
ma, I have no heart i.'^. 
no trust or confidence in 
that man. Nya II lo bi 

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mende-p:nglish vocabulary. 


ma, My heart is with 
thee, I.e. I confide in thee. 
Bi ll i lo mi? Where is 
. thy heart? Ngilinyania, 
His heart is spoiled, i.e, 
he is dejected, disheart- 
ened, cast down, broken- 
hearted. Nya li lengo ngi 
ma, My heart is cool on 
him, i.e. I am pleased or 
delighted with him. Li 
dewea, The heart is cut, 
«.e. to be angry, vexed. 
Ngi II dewea nyoko gbi, 
He was not very angry 
or vexed. Bi li i leli. Be 
of good cheer. Niiolui 
na a hinda hou li ma. 
This man holds his heart 
(under control), i.e, is 
patient, forbearing. Ma 
ngi ll lei lo. We will calm 
him, appease, satisfy him. 
Ngi ll he lea. His heart 
was suspended = he was 
troubled, perplexed 

Liambo-mo, w., snake- 

Jjl-hou, to be forbearing, 
long-suffering. Wa li-hou 
manu-bSla we. Ye bear 
vrith fools. Wu ll a wote- 
wote. Be not of doubtful 

Ll nyaningo, to be sorrow- 
ful. Ngi wu 11 nyania lo 

Li wote, tr, v., to persuade 

Li, intr, v., to go, to journey, 
to lead. Li bi nde nya 
nje ma nya lo wama. Li 
a, go with, is to take or 
carry, lead to. Ti ye lini 

a tie pebu. Ma li lo a 
nyapoi *ta we ka. Wa 
li a ng§. Take me not 

Lia (ndia), liei, n., midst, 
middle, centre ; prep. 
and adv., among, in* 
the midst. Samanga 
lla yudia. Among the 
princes of Jndah 

Liambo-mo, n., a snake- 

Lidoi, n., bravery 

Ligba, n., the second official 
in the Sande 

Ligbili, adj. and n., cloudy, 
a dark cloud 

Likpo, n, a spinning top; 
v., to dispute. Likpo- 
gbla-mo, disputer 

Lila, verh n., going, de- 

Li-la, to go, going; take 
two verbs, to carry, to 
bring. Ngi se-gbla li-la 
va a nge, I thank thee for 
taking me to him 

Lileli va, tr. v., to appease, 
to reconcile 

LMenga = tehga = tewe- 
iiga, they were annoyed, 
had indignation 

Lima (ndima), def. st. limei 
71., will, choice. Bi lima 
biimbu. Nya lima gbi 
njlei hii, I have no choice 
in this matter 

Lima-ga'e, plu. lima-gelesia, 
n.y hatred, revenge * 

Lima-hinda, n., will, mind, 
decision, judgment, sen- 

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Limba, tr. v., to twist, to 
spin. Ti fande limbama 

Limbfingo, twisted, spun. 
Nyabanga ta kula gbate 
a fande limbango 

Lingo, going or gone 

Liwi = tiwi, to close 

Lo (ndo), def. st. loi (the plu. 
is formed from ie, to bear, 
hence lenga, lengesia, and 
lengeisia), child,* either 
son or daughter. Nya 
hindo loi, My male child, 
i.e, my son. Nya nyaha 
loi. My female child, i.e, 
my daughter. The young 
of animals; as, tet$i, 

Lo (to), to build. Ti ta loni 

Lo (ndo), loi, w., mm ; fer- 
mented sap of different 
species of the palm ; any 
kind of fermented liquor. 
Ndufu or nduvu loi, palm 

Lo, subs, v., to be; infin,, 
loni. Nya lo wama, I am 
coming. Lo yeya, to be in 
hand, i,e, to ha^e, to pos- 
sess; as, mbala lo nya 
yeya, I have a sheep in my 
hand, i.e. I possess a 
sheep. Hani gbl nya yf ya. 
Nothing in hand = I have 

Lo = d5 = ta, to send. I ti 
iSngatei hd. Nya longo I 
l|, 1 am not sent 

Lo,* def. St. 16i, n., desire, 
wish, want] need, like, 
love; tr. v., to love, to like, 
to wish, to want. L$ngo, 

as, nya longo a ngid i 

dewe nya nde ma 
Lo *= do = to-loni, doni, 

toni, tr. v., to see, to show 
Lo, tr. v., to stand, to stop ; 

to leave, to be left; to 

Lo, n., space of time, as a 

day of a week ; also loe 
Lo (ndg), tr. v., to search 

out, after, to seek. Loma, 

L6, tr. v., to leave, forsake. 
*Ti ngi iQnga nji hfi, They 
left him asleep. L5 te, 
leave little wanting from*; 
adv., nearly, almost, with- 
in a little 

Loe, n., a week, a fixed 
time ; and lowo 

LobSla (tomo), w., messen- 
ger, angel 

Lgei, def. st. of ndole = lo, 
country. I hinda yekpe 
wf i lo ti loei va 

Logix), tr. v., to scrateh. 
Logboa, scratched 

Logbo, w., a kind of monkey 
with yellowish back and 
whitish belly 

L6gbo, intr. v. and adj., to 
wither, to fade, to become 
dried up; withered, faded 

Lo-hani, w., cattle, creatures 
Lohani wiilSngoIsia, n., 
fatted cattle * 

L6hfi, intr. v., to lose, to 
*perish,tobe lost = ndSlo- 
M = l^mahtl. Ti gbi' ti 
loi lo me hii 

room. Nil hindo-loi i wa 

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na bao va lo i ye 15i hu, 
The &on of Man came 
to save that which was 

Lola, intr, v., to grow, to in- 
crease in size 

Lola, verb, w., growing, in- 

Loko, n., hand, arm. Yeya 
l6koi, the right, gowo 
I6k5i, the left arm. Loko- 
go-wo, his workmanship 

Loko, w., post, pillar. Nete 
loko, 71., door. Loko lei, 
n,, wrist 

Lole (ndole), hunger 

Lole, interrog. adv.y how 
many? Hii lole nja bi 
yabele ? How long shall 
we watch or take notice 
of thee? 

Loli, tr, v., to play, to sport, 
to frolic; to trifle, make 
light of 

L6li-nyo, w., playmate 

Lolo, w., cat of a thievish 

LSlongo, to be jealous; n., 

Lolo, plu. lololsia, n*, duck 

LolQ-hix = ndolohu, to lose, 
be lost 

Lolo = ndolo, w., ground, 
earth, land, world. Loloi 
hii, on the ground 

Lolu, num, adj., five. Lolu 
gelg, the fifth. Lolu lolui, 
plu. lolua, loluanga folu- 
Isia. Nunga Iglua ti wa 

Loma, tr, v., to give a hand- 
ful of food; the food so 
given. Wa^bi Igmf hou 

tioma, ei, n., love. Ti Ipmei 
a gole lo 

Loma, ei, w., cloak, robe, 
armour. Maha loma, royal 

Loma, as, a loma ngi ke 
heima, He is the heir of 
his father 

Lomanyo, plu. l6manyoa, 
lomanyoisia, dearly be- 

Lombo, n., patch ; v., to 

Lombo (tombo), to be- 
come a ruin, to fall in 
ruin, to become desolate. 
Lombongo, to be desolate 

Lombu, tr. v., to dive, to 
sink, to be overthrown 

Lombula, verb, n., sinking, 

Lome, adv., softly, noise** 
lessly. A jia lome-lome 

Lomi, interrog. adv., where ? 

L5mo, n., messenger, angel 

L5moya, n., messengership, 

Lon, intens. adv., very 

Lgnda, it is concluded, it is 

Londema, n., nail, spike 

Londl, n., peninsula 

Londo, to silence, to become 
still, silent 

Londongo, to be silent 

Longa, n., a long musket : 
v., to roast fish wrapped 
in a leaf with condi- 

Longebu, n., one living still 

L5ng6, longroi, longolsia, 
lost. Mbala longolsia 

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Loni, to be 'left. Iloni 

ndogbi hu 
Lonya, ei, n,, faith. Bi 

lonyei. Lonya hinda, w., 

Mief, religion. Nya lonya 

va I le, ke Jisu Kristi 

lonya hinda va 
Lonyango, to be faithful, 

to be justified 
Lopa (ndopa), n., deer 
Lopo, lopoi, lopoisia = 

ndopo, w., child 
LQpong'o, to be a child 
Loto, v., to go about doing 

errands or light work ; to 

send about 
Loto = toto, tr, v., to begin 
Lovo-higbe, w., palsy 
Lowo, lolo, n., goitre. Lowo 

heini ngi bolg hii 
T owo = ndow(^, n., horn 
Lowo, r?., week 
Lowu, tr, v., to hide 
Lowiingo, to he hid. Ti 

lowungo le bima 
Lqwu = ndowu hii, in 

secret, privately 
Lowula, verb, n., hiding 
Lqwu ma hinda yela, n,, 

revelation of a secret 
Lu = ndu 

Lii = ndiiwu, w., flesh 
Liia, n., fear. Ba liia. Ba liia 

a ngi jola. 1 liiani kiilo 

be. He was not afraid 

even a little, i.e. not at all 
Liia = Idwa, tr. v., to fear. 

Liiango, to be afraid 
Liia, def. st. liiei, w., middle 
Liiahfi, in the inidst. Post 

position, between. Liiahii 

gole, to divide, to sepa- 

rate. Hindei' ngaye fele 
liiahu, the place between 
two mountains, i.e. valley. 
Na i mu liiahii lani 
(ndane, to gratify ? ) who 
has reconciled us 

Liiailo (see Liia orLiiwa),fear 

Luawoni (Gal. iii. 1), set 
forth, exhibited in a way 
so as to be known. Com- 
pare Ndiiwa-wo, descrip- 
tion of a person given for 
his recognition and ap« 

Liiba, tr. v., to bless, to 
favour with good, to 
prosper. Liibango wai, 
highly favoured. K9i na 
liibango le i bi leni 

Liiba, n., ink 

Luf ,luenga,to pass through 
the midst 

Lufa, tr. v.y to spend the 
day at a place 

Liife (ndufe), tr. v., to put 
out, to go out, as a light; 
to extinguish ; to end, to 
wipe out. Ngombui 
liipe ; e liife 

Liigba, tr. v., to oflTend. I ngi 
liigba bamandf liigb^, 
Ring the bell 

Liigbu,n., dew, mist. Dun- 

Liigo, w., front, front side ; 
prep., before. Liigo gbe, 
to look for, to expect. 
Liigo gb§. The time he 
looks not for him = is 
not aware of 

Lii-hani = tii-hani, n., seed 

Liihii-hf i, n., weakness. Mu 

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luhii hango le, We are 
weak. Wu luhu a ha. That 
ye faint not 

Lukpe (tukpe), to push, to 
shove, to move along. I 
silo liikpe njei hu 

Liikpi, n., mud,* and muddy 

Liila, intr, v., to decay, to 
rot ; adj\, decayed, rotten. 
Ilembi a a liilo e liila, 
crown corruptible and 

Liili (nduli), n,, smoke, 

Liilingo, to be smoking 

Luma, liimaisia, n,, body, 
flesh, skin 

Luma, tr, v., to consent to, 
to be in favour of, to be 
willing, agreeing ; to an- 
swer. Ngi luma, I agree 

Liimbe, to be vexed; w., 
vexation, grief. Nja lii- 
mbei, troubled waters 

Lumbe, w., wave, billow, 
with nja 

Liimbeika, plu. liimbeika- 
sia and liimbSlek^sia, v., 

Liimbfle, w., orange, lime 

Liimbel|-nyenye, n., line 

Liio-mo = liigo-mo, leader 

Liiva, intr.v,, to stay long, to 
remain all day 

Liiwa = Ilia, tr. v., to fear 

Liiwa, tr. v., to cook vege- 
tables till very soft 

Liiwa-hlgbe, w., hernia, 

Liiwama, n., terror. Liiwa- 
ngo, to be afraid 

Liiw6, n., face; prep., before 

Mwu, n., flesh, body. Lii- 
wui ji lo nya. 


Ma, pron., 1 per. plu., we 

Ma = mahii, prep., to, unto> 
upon, from, against 

Ma, pron., 1 per. plu., neg., 
not we, we must not 

M&,pers.pron . 1 per. plu*, we ; 
and objective, us, to us. 
It is by a peculiar con- 
traction used for the 
first person singular, I ; 
as, we and, I and. Nya 
lo ma weni I le ku-gbi ma, 
it is not I, we, ye always, 
for, Me ye have not always 
with you. See Mende 
Grammar, § 27, B 

Ma, conj., for, on account of, 
for the sake of = um- 
willen. I ha hani ma 

Ma, active v., to desire, to 
wish, to want. J ma he, 
He wished for 

Ma-mo, plu. mSbSla, ma- 
bSlesia, n., owner, pro- 

Mabali, tr. v., to deny one's 
self, to refuse, to prevent, 
to withhold, to hinder 

Mabe, tr. v., to dry the 
surface, as clothes are 
dried. Mabfngo, to be 
dry. Hinda mabfnga, 
dry places 

Mabe, to fit 

Mabele, tr. v., to observe, to 
notice, to watch 

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Mabo^ tr. v., to bruise, to 
shoot at ; to dig around 

Mabola and mabOwa, tr, v., 
to braise the surface 

Mabonje, tr. v., to draw with 
the fingers slipping upon, 
as a string 

MabSte, n,, trousers reach- 
ing to the knee 

Madama, «., folly; gw(/., fool- 
ish, prodigal,extra vagant, 
wasting; to spend fooU 

Madamala and malamala, 
w., folly, foolishness 

Madamango, to be foolish, 

Madamb^ and malambo, 
tr, v., to stretch out, as 
the limbs 

Made, tr, v., to raise up, to 
elevate to a higher pitch 
of voice. Bi woi made. 
To thatch, pelei made 

Madeli, tr. v,, to blacken, to 

Madema = tf ma-mo, n., an 
elderly prson. Ngi ma- 
dema, his elder or superior 

Madfwf, tr, v,, to curtail, 
to reduce; to cross the 
way, to detain. Nje i 
nya madewea 

Madgwo, n,, the fame of a 
person or thing 

Madiikpe, tr, v., to restore, 
return. Nga madiikpe lo 
ngi we heima nani 

Maga, tr, v., to dance to the 
time of music 

Magali, i,g, mabali, v., to 
deny. Magaii-mo, one 

who denies, refuses, 
hinders, prevents 

Magao, tr, v., to struggle, to 
strive for ; to endeavour 
to rescue, to preserve, to 
heal, to accomplish, to 
obtain; to defend one's 
self; to help, to hasten, 
to plead for another : n., 

Magao and magaw5, tr, v., 
to peel, to pare, to husk, 
take off the skin ; n,, peel, 

MagSrta, tr, v., to encircle, 
to surround, to enclose, 
as with a fence 

Magawola, n,, defence 

Magba,*<r. v,, to restrain, to 
hinder,to forcibly pre vent, 
I nya magba a hindf ji 

Magba, n, and adj,, strong, 
resolute; slain with difn- 

Magbate, tr, v,, to dress, to 
adorn, to adjust, to ar- 
range, to apologize 

MagbatSngo, to be enriched 

Mfigbe, tr. v., to drive from. 
Mb^ magbe 

MagbelS, intr. v,, to tremble 
to quiver, to shake with 
fear, to hurry 

Magbenda, tr. v., to pluck 
from, as fruits from the 

Magb§nde, n,, current run- 
ning swiftly 

Magbl, tr, v., to withhold, 
to shut up by occupancy 
or hale 

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Magbia, tr, v., to strip one, 
to take off, to undress, to 
pluck as feathers ; to root 
up, to object to. I nya 
layle magbia 

Magbi'ndi, tr, v., to darken 
upon, to obscure, to 

Magbiti, w. and adj., beard 
of grain; grassy, hoary, 

Magbo, tr. v., to clean rice 
from the husk 

Magbo-ba, n., half-cleaned 

M&gbole, tr. v., to engulph, 
to submerge. Njf i ngi 

Magb5 nb6, tr. v., to smooth 
upon by dressing the 
surface, to present well. 
I mu yie magbonb5a, 

Magbuka, adj., naked. Ngi 

Magbiikpo, tr. v., to pass 
near something one does 
not wish to leap over ; to 
pass quickly for fear of 
something; to take a 
circuitous road to avoid 
coming into contact with 

Magbiikpu, tr. v., to turn 
aside to make room for 
another; to stoop in 
obeisance when passing 
before a superior 

Magbiikpule, tr. v., to brush 
upon, to shake off 

Mage, tr* v., to expose for 
sale, to sell 

Mage, t7\ v., to peddle, to 
hawk, to go about exhi- 
biting, to make a show 
of something 

Magele, tr, v., to disclose, to 
make known as the cha- 
racteristics of one 

Magokowoi, n., threatening 

Magola, plu. magQlesia, n., 

Magole, adj\, having a white 
surface. Ngi gQwoIsia li 

Magole, * tr. v., to shame 
children out of untidy 

Magombo, tr. v., to scrape 
off, as fish scales; to 
scrape through the cuti* 
cle, as in cuttings for the 

Magomi, tr. v., to lick, to 
lap, to wipe up with the 

Magona, tr. v., to deliver a 
message, or a thing sent ; 
to state the object of a 
visit or journey, or the 
success of a mission 

Maggnye, v., to lessen, to 
diminish ; adj., small, 
thin, short 

MagSto, tr. v., to roll up, to 
fold up 

Magii, n., scent, odour, of 
animals or plants; used 
of character. Ngi magui 
i nenii nya h^kpf hH 

Magude, tr. v., to secure 
some one 

MahS, n., bait 

Maha, a<2y., dead upon 

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useless, -undesirable, with- 
out honour 

Maha, ei, n,, king, chief, 
leader; the largest nuts 
in play. Mahei loma, 
king's robes. Maha-yia 
and maha-la, the king's 
word = authority. Ma- 
haya, n., kingship, chief 

Mahaga, tr. v., to mow, to 
cut closely, as grass; to 
describe, to question. I 
ngi mahaga a ngi nei. 

Maha-lo, a freeman, citizen 

Maha-l^mo, w., ambassador 

Mahali = mabali, tr. v., to 
dispute. Ti mahali hou. 
They held a disputation, 
dissension, conversation 

Mahe, tr. v., to pray to 
"hale," to pray to God 
that good or evil may 
happen to another 

Mahele, n., seal 

Maheu, tr, v. and adj., to 
make equal, to be equal 
to, an equal ; uniform in 
value, size, or weight. 
Maheungo I le 

Mahiha, ei, n.,' mourning. 
Mu hlnSa mahibei wenga 

Mahlni kiigba wa? Great 
royal conamander ? 

Maho, tr. v., to engage in ; 
to select, to fix upon, to 
choose. Mahou-hinda, n., 

Maho, tr, v,y to throw upon, 
to plaster 

Mahou, tr. v., to choose, to 
receive, to retain 

Mabon, it is fit, it is proper, 
becoming, suitable 

Mahoula, tr. v., to strain 
out, to filter 

Mahoungo, to be fit, be- 
coming, proper, lawful, 
decent. Mahoungo mu li 

Mahu, comp. post position, 
above, on, upon, over, to. 
Li ngi mahu 

Mahii, w., top. Imahui, the 
one on the top. Imahui 
i hiti mbui, from the top 
to the bottom. Imahiige, 
the upi^er one. Mahui 
magbundQ hii, north-west 

Mahu-gbele and mahugbe, 
tr. v., to watch over, to 
superintend, to supervise, 
to protect, to care for, to 
take heed, beware, to 
guard against, to avoid 

Mahugbe-mo and mahu-mo. 
Ti nya wea a hilopof sia gbi 
ti mahu-mo 

Mabu-mo-ya, n., one that 
holds the position of com- 
mander-in-chief, the fii-st 
oflice in the state. Sg- 
hani mahu-mo, w., stew- 

Mahuna, »., state, condition 

Mahuya, n., chief command, 
authority. Mahu-ye, of 
the house 

Mai-mo, plu. maibSla, a 
person bereaved by deatli. 
Niiraui na ngi niirnn a 
ha, ta lo ta lolia hinda 
mai mo 

Maini, to be minded, de- 

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Mai we, to mouni. Hinda 
mai, n., sorrow 

Majagbe, w., complaint, ac- 
cusation. I mu majagbe 

Majknga, r?., spirits sup- 
posed to appear as boys 
and men 

Majeli, tr, v., to witness be- 

Majende, tr. v., to strain, to 
filter, to drain from 

Majia, v., to sell, to sur- 
render, to betray for a 
reward, to give one's self 
up or to die for the sal- 
vation of others 

Majiala, verb, w., selling, be- 
traying. Majiango, to be 
sold, betrayed 

Majo, «., head-woman of 
the Sande 

Majggbe, tr. v., to examine 
carefully by looking, to 
observe, to watch closely 

Majongba, tr. v., to pick 
upon. Tei a fakali majo- 

Majoyo and roajoso, tr. v., 
to half chew, as rumi- 
nating animals 

Majii, ??., a kind of dance 

Make, tr. v., to feed, to raise, 
to bring up, to nurse, to 
instruct. Makema, the 
place to feed at 

Make-15, an adopted child, 
supported by those not 
his parents 

Make-l9 hind^i artd makeya, 
v., the adoption of a child. 
Ngi wu makenga a nyi- 

niya, I have fed you with 

Make nwoni, n., a tame bird 

Makondo, n., a species of 

Ma^pa, n., a kind of benne 

MsikpieL,refl,v, Ingimakpia, 
he undressed himself 

Makpo, tr, v., to mix, to 
mingle, to compound, to 
place together, to partake. 
Makpongo, to have in 

Makiili wa, n., giant 

Mala, tr. v., to lay upon, to 
add to, to exaggerate. 
I njiei malaa, balance, re- 
mainder due; to cover 
over, as a house with 

Mala-mala wa, with great 

Malala, tr. v., to draw out, 
to stretch, to attract 

Malama and mSdama, adj., 
prodigal, wasting fool- 

Malamango, plu. malama- 
ngolsia, foolish ones 

MalambS and mSdambo, 
tr. v., to stretch out, as 
the limbs 

Malg, w., an animal of the 
hippopotamus kind 

Male, tr. v., to meet, to over- 
take ; to discover, to find, 
to happen to, to befall; 
to wait for. Nd6mai, 
male kulo IS, Master, meet 
me a little, have patience ; 
fall in with 

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Male, tr, v,, to raise upon, 
to increase the price 

Male, tr. v., to cover 

Malehewe-higbe, r?., a kind 
of leprosy that disjoints 

. the fingers and toes 

Malewe, tr, v,, to cut off, to 

Maie-yafa, «., an object of 
ancient worship dis- 
covered, as a brass ring 
or stone image 

Mali, tr, v., to oil, to anoint. 
Mali wiilo, anointing oil 

Mali and mali hou, tr, v., 
to reason, to dispute; n., 
dispute, discussion. Mall 
hou, argue in favour of. 
Be i mall nya va 

Malo, n., the destructive 
power of witchcraft. I 
ma1$ wuanga ngima 

Maloli wea, to call for. I 
hemu maloli wfa, He 
called for a light. Malo- 
lisia, w., pleasures 

Maloma-mo,n., hater. Malo- 
manyQ, n., friend 

Malowo, n., message 

Mal6ndo, n,, meekness 

Malii, tr, v,, to clear the 
ground of grass, bushes 

Malua, w., also maluwa, v., 
fear ; something inspiring 
awe, reverence, respect 

Malulu, tr, v., to smoke 
upon, to charm by burn- 
ing "hale" beneath a 
warrior or his dress 

Maluwango wa,to be greatly 
overawed, afraid 

Maliive, intr, v., to change 
in form, colour, or ap- 
pearance; to transform, 
as insects: tr, v„ to ex- 
change. I maliivea 

Maliiyema, n,, with navp, 
n., bank, place where 
money is changed 

Maliive-mo, changer, ex- 

Maliivengo, to become dif- 
ferent, diverse 

Maliiwa, tr, v,, to exagge- 
rate, to brag, to make 
fearful ; fearful 

Maluwa-hani, n., a fearful 
sight or spectacle 

Mama, adj,, stupid 

Mama, n., an elderly per- 
son of either sex; a 
woman; an expression 
of respect: plu. ma- 

Mama-da, n., a very old 
person, a grandparent of 
either sex 

Mama, plu. mamani, n., 

Mamage, adv,, foolishly 

Mamakpa, n., stilts 

Mamamau, n., pity; adj\, 
pitiful, merciful; to be 
sorrowful, in a sad con- 
dition, pitiable 

Mamamaula, verb, n., sor- 
rowfulness, pitiableness 

Mamani, a/fj,, proud 

Mamanmgo, to be proud, to 
be admired 

Mamanu, adj,, sad, sorrow- 
ful, distressing, melan- 
choly. Ngi hlnd^ na 

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mamann d5a, gbamaile 
ndo gbl nyeya 

Mam§,ya, adj', fretful, teas- 
ing, unripe 

Mame, tr. v,, to nibble, to 

Mamenye, intr.v., ripening, 
used of fruits that change 

Mami and mamima, w., 
something solemn 

Mami-ha, v., death in an 
unusual form, by drown- 
ing, etc. 

Mamini, adj., heavy, sub- 
stantial, applied to men ; 
safe, applied to things 
they fear to take. Hake 
ji manlningo 

Mami nima-hinda, n., a 
sorrowful event, a pitiful 

Mamo, tr, v., to singe, to 
burn; intensive form of 
mo, to burn altogether 

Mamo, w., owner. Hani ji 
i mamoi lo a ye le ? 

Mamo, n., one who is a 
member of some place or 
institute, as the Poro 

Mamu, adj,, thoughtless, 
stupid, foolish. Mamu- 
bSla, foolish persons. 
Ndopoi ngi mamungo, to 
be ignorant. Mii ma- 
mungo 1 le, We are not 
ignorant. Mamu hii, in 
ignorance. Mamui ji 
ikpeleisia. The times of 
this ignorance 

Mamu, tr, v., to put to 
shame, to coufound one 

Mamu-vo, n., mangrove fly 

Mana, n., plaintain 

Mana-ga, w., plaintain skin ; 
spotted skin . disease, 
supposed to be caused 
by mana-ga-hale 

Manamu, adj\, slippery, 

Manamu-nye, n., any scale- 
less fish 

Mana- Willi, n., plaintain 

Manda, adv., tightly. Ngili 

Mande, w., benni seed. Tu- 
hani mia kalei ye miimu 
kina dehena, ke ikolei 
golingo ke neingo me va 

Mandima, w., the favourite 
wife or friend 

Mando, w., the earth as the 
favourite wife of God, 
and universal mother 

Mane and maneni, tr. 
v., to sweeten, to make 
pleasant ; adj., sweet, 
acceptable, harmonious. 
Ngo manengo 

Mane = yane, tr. v., to 
watch; a' so manewe, to 
keep watch, to guard, 
to spy, to aim 

Manee, adj., smooth, po- 

Maneku, n., a kind of large 

Mane-mo, n., keeper, guard, 

Manena, n., exhortation, 

Manene, tr, v., to plead with, 
to ask forgiveness; to 

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soothe by favour shown ; 
to comfort; to entreat 

Mang&te, tr. v., to set a 
trap at or upon something 

Mange, n., canoe, boat 

Mangi, propelled by oars. 
Mangi lende 

Mango, to be profitable. Yla 
mango I le, unprofitable 

Mangombu, pro. n., lit. 
on fire: applied to man 
with red hair 

ManI, w., palm leaf fibre; 
trap. Manii yate. Ma- 
ninga hou a manl. ManI 
wlli, to lay snares 

Maui, tr, v., to want, to 
need, to desire, to covet ; 
n., necessity, want, to be 
necessary to. Ba mani 
bi heinyoi ngi welei mo. 
Ti hani maningo ye le. 
Maui nyamu, evil desire, 
lascivious. Ba mani nya- 
nde ma. Nasia mbao 
mSni i ye ti ma. Gba- 
maile noji mani lo Ndemoi 
ma. Hani jlsia mani lo 
wu ma 

Manlkpo, tr, v., to rub, as in 
washing the body or a 

Maninga, w., in the plu., 

Manja, w., a very large rice 

Manja, v., to deceive by 
putting off. Wa nya ma- 
nja If ke 

M&nQ, tr. v., to soil, to 
dirty. Maningo^ to be 

dirty, dusty, unclean. 
Mano-hani, unclean thing 

Manonl, n,, the custom of 
taking cuttings from the 
nails and hair of a slave 
to Njaye, so that if he 
runs away Kjaye may 
catch and kill him 

Manowo, adj.^ dirty, dusty, 
foul. Ngafa manowo- 
ngou, unclean spirits 

Manii, n., sorrow, pity. 
Nya ma manungo le 

Manu, tr. v., to forgive, to 
let go, to have or show 
compassion or mercy. 
Manu nya ma ji hti. For- 
give me this time. Nge 
manu bi ma. Manungo, 
to be rude, foolish 

Manula, verb, n., forgiving, 
yielding, forgiveness 

Manuma, n., pity, compas- 
sion, forgiveness ; and 
manuma-binda. Ta jo!o 

Manumango, to be merciful 

Manwona, v., to act openly 

Manya, adj., vain, proud of 

Manyale, n., cat 

Manyapo, n., my wife ; an 
expression) of affection, 

Manyimi, n,, uncleanuess; 
adj'.y dirty, filthy, foul, 

Manyimingo le, what is 

Manyo, tr. v., to beat off 
the husk from rice, to 
half clean 

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Maro, tr. v., to lighten 

Masa-boma, adv., freely, 
without any return. I 
fea masa-boma 

Mata, adj., vain, fond of 
display. Ndakpao ngi 
ma tango 

Mata, tr. v., to thank and 
praise flatteringly in sing- 
ing. I nya la mataa 

Matakon, n., a kind of long 

Matindi, w., blue baft 

Matinga, n., curdled milk, 

Mato, tr. v., to add to, to 
increase, to augment, to 
make greater in quantity, 
to be added to 

Mauro, tr, v., to wait for, to 
attend to 

Maval§, tr. v., to plead for, 
to take as counselled by 
a superior, to make inter- 

Ma vale, w., uproar 

Ma vale-mo, one who inter- 
cedes, pleads the cause 
of another ; advocate 

Mave, tr. v., to fan ; to win- 
now. Ti ngi mave, They 
wound him 

Mavo, n., glory 

Mavongo ye le, to be or to 
have been glorified 

Mavonya, tr. v., to squeeze 
out by pressure 

Mavovi, n., alteration 

Maviila, tr. v., to hasten, to 
accelerate, to hurry; to 

Mayula, n., sickness^ illness 

Maviila-mo, n., a sick per- 

Maviilo, tr. v., to loosen 
upon ; to assist in partu- 

Mawa, tr. v., to reward for 
singing in one's praise ; n., 

Mawa,7i., amature palm tree 

Mawai, n., reasoning 

Ma wall, tr. v., to deny; 
conversation. Mawali 
hou, to avenge. Nya 
mawali yianyoi yeya. 
Avenge me of my adver- 

Mawango, to be clean, to 
be washed 

Mawe and mawele, n:, 
household ; also building 

Mawe and mawele, tr. v., 
to stoop over, to cover, 
to conceal. Hinde mawe- 
le ngi peni, to bow 
down, to be subject to, 
to endure. A hindesia 
gbi mawe. Mawengo*, to 
be covered over; to 
prostrate one's self; to be 
subject to 

Mawele-bu-mo, n., house- 
holder; plu. mawele-bu- 
bela, those who are in the 
house i= inhabitants, in- 

Mawelei bu, adv., in this 
way or manner 

Mawo, tr. v., to redeem 

Mawgko, tr. v., to threaten 
injury, and wait. for an 
opportunity to inflict it 

Mawol^mo^ n., shearer 

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MawQnde, tr, v., to call 

attention by a touch 
Mawovi, tr. v., to change. 

Mah§i la-yiei e mawovi 
Mawoya and ngu mawSya, 

n., redemption 
Mawiilo, tr. v., to wait for, 

to wait watching 
Mayafa, tr, v., to report 

the faults of another, to 

slander, to backbite 
Mayafe, tr, v., to fan upon, 

to winnow, as rice 
May all, w., the quill of a 

Mayange, intr. v., to itch 
Maye, tr, v,, to lower, to 

lesson, to stoop; to 

humble one's self; to make 

low. Nya le mayenjijo. 

Bi mayengo a yele hiia- 

ngesia gbi bu 
Mayeila, verb, n., diminish- 
Miiyeingo, to be base, low, 

humble, 'vile 
Mayela, tr, v., to brush oflF, 

to wipe upon. Mese ma- 

yela, to purge, to cleanse, 

to sweep 
Mayi, as, a tonya go ma- 

yi, By the armour of 

Mayia, n., accusation. A 

ngi mayiage a nge 
May la g§, to show' cause, 

to sue 
Maylli, to bind upon, to 

dreps, to clothe. I ngi 

Mayili haka, »., dress, 

clothes, ornaments; any 

thing worn upon the 

Mayilingo, to be clothed. 
Ti mayilingo kina ko- 
bSla. Ti ngi maylli ggle. 
They divided his gar- 

Mayftia, adv,, in the midst 
of the hall 

Mba or mbai, plu. mbaa, 
mba = mbanga, mbage- 
sia, n., friend, companion, 
fellow, of the same sex, 

Mba, n.y a response of 
acceptance and thank- 

Mba, plu. mbaesia, n., chick 

Mba = ba, def. st. mbei, w., 
jaw. Nikei a ngi ba hu 
nyiimo, the cow moves 
the jaw = is ruminating. 
Mba hfi nyumu-mo, «., 
ruminator, chewer 

Mba, n,, top ; prep,, on, 
upon. Pe wu-mba, n., 

Mba be, n., the harvest. 
The rice is dry = ripe. 
See Mb^ 

Mba, bei, and mbei, n., rice 
uncooked. Mba neingo, 
rice is sweet. Nya mba 
neingo me va. Mba-bele, 
rice dropped while eat- 
ing. Mba-gei (ka = ga, 
hence gei), n,, chaff of 

Mba l^ilopo, n., fellow- 
servant. Mba is some- 
times used like the recip- 
rocal pronoun^ exactly 

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like the Hebrew pT and 
E^'N ; as, kolu yf la be e lo 
heini ngi mba mahu. One 
stone sliall not be left 
upon his friend = upon 
Mba-ga, w., the stalk of rice 
Mbagba, plu. mbagbalsia, 

n., billhook, bill 
Mba-hlnda, n., companion- 
ship, fellowship 
Mba-jla-mo, w., fellow-tra- 
Mbaka, n., a musical in- 
strument, music 
Mbaka, n,, palm bird 
Mbala, plu. mbalonga, 

Mbala ha, plu. helsia, ewe 
Mbala hina, plu. hinesia, 

Mbala-lo,plu. lengf sia, lamb 
Mbala-voli, n., sheep's mane 
Mbale, w., hoop to climb 

palm trees 
Mball, tr. i;., to vomit ; n., 

matter ejected 
Mbalu, n., cane rope 
Mbao, tr, v., to save, to 
deliver, to heal. I ngi 
bao nje hii 
Mbao-ga, w., the scab from 
a healed sore, hence of 
no value, nothing. I hl- 
jei lo nga a baoga 
Mbko-hlnda, n., salvation, 
deliverance. Mba6-yia, 
message of salvation. 
I mbao lowo dea. He has 
raised up a horn of salva- 
Mbare^ n,, companion 

Mbava, n., a cock bird's 

Mba-vali-mo, n., sower 

Mbawa, n,, soap 

Mbawa = mba, adj., great, 
large. I mbawai le sa- 
wesia lla, the great one 
= the greatest 

Mba wa, w., elder son ; high 
in rank, imbawai. Mba- 
ngo hou, to make friends 

Mbawa-viile, «., soap-bubble 

Mbawo-mo, w., saviour, 
deliverer. Mb§5-rao 

Mba-wii, w,, head'of corn, 
i.e. ear of corn 

Mbaya, w., fellowship 

Mbe, ^ron., own. Bi mbf 

Mbe, tr. v., to dry; adj., 
dried, dry. Kowui mbf- 

Mbe, pron., to me, for me 

Mbe, tr. v., to fit, to suit 
the object for which it is 

Mbf, lit my place, and 
ohj. pron., like a nge, me, 
to me. Wa mbe a'nav9 
tenga. Come to me with 
= bring me some money. 
Gbe lo wa ^ mbe? What 
will you give me ? Ngi 
li mbe, I go hence. Mbe 
= nya we 

Mbei, mbeindo, adv. and 
adj., here, this place, this 
here; mb§ yaka. Mbe- 
gbele. Ke mbei gb^lei- 
ji. but now at this time. 
Mbei lo ba wa nyapo we- 

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Mbego, t7\ v., to honour 

Mb|ke, n,, branch, limb, 

Mbela, n., title of address 
used by the husband to 
his wife's brother; also 
by the wife to her hus- 
band's father and grand- 

Mbela, tr, v., to split, to saw 
apart, to tear, to divide, 
to share; Mr, v.> to 

Lfbela-bolo, w., a cap with 
long pendent sides 

Mbela-biilu, w., war-trum- 
pet of wood 

Mbele, w., initiation foe of 
a* girl to Sande, paid to 
the Majo 

Mbele, tr, v., to carry from 
place to place, to convey 
to a place 

Mbele, w., a hard wood tree 

Mbele, w., respect, esteem, 
honour. Mbele lo ngi ma 

Mbele, tr. v., to observe, to 

Mbele-hou, tr, v., to honour, 
to show respect; adv., 

Mbele-lukpe, n., A mos- 
quito-like insect with 
long legs, named from its 
swinging motion 

Mbelema, n., rent 

Mbele-mbfle, adv., quickly 

Mbele nyani, to impeach 
one's honour 

. Mbele-nyani, tr. v., to dis- 
honour, to disgrace; adj., 

Mbeleya, n., honourable 

state or condition 
Mbell, tr. v., to gain skill, 

to become expert; adj\, 

Mbell, tr. v., to drain off, to 

diminish, to evaporate 
Mbembe, n., whirlpool 
Mb|mbe, tr. v., to bear 

about, to swing around, 

to wind, to turn 
Mbemb§, tr. v., to surround, 

to wrap up, to gird, to 

throw around ; also Mbe- 

Mbembf, n., some kind of 

fishing-net, used by fe- 
Mbembf, n., a leaf often 

hung* at the door where 

death has taken place, 

to prevent the spirit en- 
Mbenda, n., a small animal 

of the deer kind 
Mbenga, n., burning 
Mbenje-benje, n., delay, 

Mbera, son-in-law 
Mbete, v., scaffold, raised 

Mbete, tr. v., to elevate, to 

praise, to bless with good 

Mbete-jonga,w.,an elevated 

watch-house against the 

war-fence for shooters; 

called also kolo 
Mbie vembe, to give the 

Mbije, n., name; tr. v., to 

praise falsely 

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MbijS, adj,, cunning, dis- 

Mbill, 7J., drum. MblU w$- 
ngo, sound of a drum 

Mblli-yell-mo, n., drummer 

Mbimbili, «., mound, hil- 

Mbg, w., a kind of worm 

Mb8, n., a kind of wild yam 

Mbo, tr. v., to shoot, to 
sting. I nwgni boa. I 

Mbo, mboi, w., friend, com- 
panion. Used by females 
only. Wa mbo li ke angfi, 
Come, show thyself my 

Mbo, tr, and Mr. v., to 
leak ; to dig, to bore, to 
mortise, to penetrate. 
Mu kpindi boi lo, to 
build. I nwoni boa. I 
ngoli bo 

Mbo, adj,, leaky, wet 
through, having holes 

Mbo, adv., as, ke mbo, but 
in fact, truly, certainly 

Mb9gba, n., large bill* 
hooked knife, cutlass 

Mbogbangu ? 

Mbogbeni, n., a girl being 
initiated into Sande 

Mbo-hlnda, n., salvation 

Mboia, n., some kind of fish 

Mb51a, tr, v., to wrest from 

Mbola, adj., another 

Mbola, verb, n,, digging 

Mbola, n,, mug, cup 

Mbole, 71., palm cabbage 

Mbole, w., yam 

Mbole, tr, v., to blind ; intr, 
♦ Vocabulary of the M?nde 

v., to become blind ; adj., 
blind ; and n., blindness. 
Mbole 3 bawo. Blindness 
cannot be cured. Ngl 

Mb$l|, adj,, rude, wild, un- 
tamed, savage 

Mb9le-gbanjo, w., a lively, 
rude, wild person 

Mbolf-mo, a blind person. 
Mbole-moi a p$l$i ge 

Mb9ll, n., a wooden hour- 
glass-shaped seat 

" Mboli, n., vulva, large and 
coarse. Used in abusive- 
language " * 

Mbolp, w., a wooden mush- 
room-shaped seat 

Mbolo, n., neck, throat. 
MbOlo hu, in the throat 

Mbglo, n., a worm that 
often bites those that 
sleep on the ground 

Mbolo-gale, w., neck-bone 

Mb51o-genye, w., creases 
upon the neck 

Mb5lo-gQto, n.y gullet, tra- 
chea, windpipe. 

Mboma, n., a wound from a 
gunshot or sting 

Mboma, n., hammock, net, 

Mbombo, n., some kind of 

Mbomboli, n., a kind of 
black' stinking ant 

Mbomo, one who digs, 
builds, etc. ; one that is 

Mb$nda, w., kind, sort, 

language. Gk>od Hope, 1874. 

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family, tribe, generation, 
nation, relationship 

MbOnga and niboanga, v., 
to sprain. Ngi lokoi i 

Mbono, tr. v., to spend all 
for one object, extrava- 

Mbgwa, n., a person or 
thing of unnsual size 

Mbowa, tr, v., to bruise 

Mbowa, ei, and oi, plu. mbo- 
wani, n., knife. Mb^wei 
ya hango, The edge of the 
knife is blunt. Mbowei 
ya ndlngo. The edge of 
the knife is sharp 

Mb5wo, n., snare, noose, 

Mboya, n., soap 

Mb5ya-hani, w., gift, pre- 
sent; to ask for with a 
gift. I nyahei ji b9yaa 

Mbbya-mo, the person that 
presents a present for a 

Mbii, w., south. Mbiii ma 
gbu ndo hii, south-west 

Mbu, tr. v., to bear 

Mbii, def. st. mbiii, plu. 
mbua mbunga, mbiilsia, 
n., owl 

Mbu, n., bottom ; post posi- 
tion, under, in. Pe na ti 
mbu. The house they are 
in. Ti wa mbu. They 
come in 

Mbu gbatengo, inside fur- 

Mbuha, adj., impotent 

Mbu-ha-mo, plu. mbUhar 
b^la, mbiihabelesia, n,, 

eunuch. Hind^ mla ta 
ngi yova kalesia gbla. 
Adj., impotent 

Mbii-h5u, to take up, as a 

Mbui-f§fe, n., south wind 

Mbiikpia', w., a small drum 

Mbulo, n., tap root, penis 

Mbiimbu, n,, fish-trap of 

Mbiimbu, tr. v., to take up, 
lift up ; to choose, to fill up 

Mbiindo and Mbunda, n., 

Me, pren., 1 per. plu., neg., 
we can or will not 

Me, pran., 1 pers. plu., we ; 
me, we say = that 

Me, tr, v., to eat, to doYOur, 
to squander, to appro- 
priate unlawfully. Nga 
me lo. I nav^i mea. Ngi 
ya bi mehe me va, to 
overreach, to defraud. 
Gbe va lo we liuna ti wu 

Me and mee, that, i.e, we 
say, saying. Mu ndea 
wu ma ma (mee). Ngewo 
hemu vo le 

Megi, plu. meglsia, n., an 

Mehani, w., thing to eat, 
food. Frequently con- 
tracted into mehe. Ngi 
mehani kondonga ye le 

Mehe, n,, food 

Meheli-mo, «., a greedy 
eater ; a parasite, a 

Mehe - y Hi - mo, a person 
cooking food, cook 

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Meji, n., needle 
Mela, verb, w., feeding 
Mell, tr. v., to feed, to graze ; 

to peck, to glut 
Melima, n,, feeding-place, 

stall, stable, pasture 
Mem a, exclamation — see ! 

take notice ! 
Membu, w., small bird with 

red head and neck 
Meme, n., looking-glass, 

Mende, n., the country and 

Mende mo, n., a native of 

Mende-nyo, n,, a kind of 

Mende-yia, n., the Mende 

Mene, aclj,, without handle. 

Konu mene 
Meni, tr, v., to hear, to 

Jisten to, to obey, to smell. 

Ngi ndahani gui menia. 

Na mu menia, That which 

we have heard 
Meni, with ma, to mind, to 

take care of 
Menila, verb, n., hearing, 

obeying, smelling 
Menye, n., arrow. Menye 

ta, lit. arrow's town = 

quiver ; barb, as upon a 

Kano spear or arrow 
Mesa and mese, n,, table 
Mete, adv,, easily, without 

Meti, three together. A 

mu te go a meti 
MI, interrog. adv, of place, 

where ? Bi ke lo mi ? [or 

a bi kei ? Bi wiii lo mi ? 
or a bi wiii? Bia lomi? 
Mllobalina? It has also 
the meaning of " when," 
as an adv. of time ; as, mi 
gbe lo mu bi doni ndole 
bi *ma ? when = at what 
time ? when, since when, 
how long since ? 

Mia and mlando, adv, of 
place, there, yonder, 
thence. Mia lo, there it 
is. Nglyema wa gbia mia. 
Mia be, there also 

Mia, defect, v. to be; as, 
tonga mia, it is true. Ta- 
mo yela mia wo. Ta mia, 
it is, that is, so it is 

Mla-mia, adj., dazzled ; n., 
lightning. Ngele a nje 

Miando, adv., that place; 
there, yonder ; correl., 
bimdo-miando, here . . . 

Mlava, adv,, therefore, for 
that reason. Miaya nge 
na we 

Mi ghe^adv., when ? Migbe 
lo wa wa ? Mi gbe lo 
ngiilu-w^isia ta gbou. 
When will the fruit be 

Migbele, i.q, migbe 

Miji = meji, n., needle. Mu 
kiila ho lo a miji 

Miji-pele, n,, the eye of a 

Mindi, tr, v., to despise, to 
wink as in contempt 

Mini, «., bead, weight : 
heavy; girdle of beads. 

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Mini, pin. mlnia, def. st. 
mlDlsia, heavy. Haka 

Mlnljangla, n., string of 

Minlngo, to be heavy. Ml- 
nlngo wa le gbon. Ti ll i 
minlngo, Their heart is 
hardened. Ngi li mlne- 
ngo yele kpi 

Mita, n., spoon 

Miva, adv., wherefore. Mlva 
lo bi ji weni ? 

Miyaka, adv., which side, 
where about 

Mo, n., a kind of ant's nest 
built in trees 

Mo, tr, v.y to bum, to roast, 
to broil, to smart, burn. 
I moa, it is burned. Mu 
mongo me 

Mo, def. St. moi, plu. b61&, 
belelsia, n., person. 
Chiefly used as a personal 
suflBx, forming nouns of 
verbs denoting personal 
agents ; as, ka, to teach ; 
ka-mo, teacher, plu. ka- 
b61a. To poma-mo, fol- 
lower ; plu. woma belfsia 

Mo and mho, indf^f, relat, 
pron.y what? Mbo peni 
hiiangelsia gbi ti vS^ya 
ndogbOi hu ? 

Mq, w., frankincense 

Moje, adv,, slowly, unener- 
getically. A jia mgje 

Mola and Molo, w., bushel, 
measure of capacity. Ti 
molei lavf 

Mola, verb, w., burning. Ta 
mola binda nyamu mla 

Mgle, w., burning, itching, 
itching leaf 

Moli, tr, v., to ask, to 
inquire, to interrogate, 
to investigate ; to require 
restitution. Nyalowama 
bi molima 

Moli, def st.mgll, plu. molia, 
w., question 

MqIo, adv., slowly, without 
much effort. Nje i waa 

Mo-mo, w., one who bums 
something; a tumour that 
appears upon the head 

Mona, ei, plu. monea, moiie- 
Isia, *n., troubles, trials. 
Monei wglongo, great 

Monde, n., moisture 

Monden, adv., lightly, se- 
cretly. A jia monden 

Mondo, to close the' hand 
tightly ; to give a handful 
of food. Nya mgndo a 

Mondo-bolo, n., a kind of 
ribbed cap 

Mone, ir. v., to trouble, to 
toil, to punish, to suffer, 
to harass, to vex. Gba- 
maile ngi mon^nga gb9toa 
ngi va 

Monengo gbon, to be 
severely troubled 

Mongo, roasted 

Mgni, n., an animal of the 
cat kind whose skin is 
held sacred by those con- 
nected with Himo 

Monjo, n., a plant used for 

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Monu, w., remainder. I 
rnoniii ve 

Mgro, n,, a Mahommedan ; 
also their pretended 
power with God te control 
the elements of nature 
and the lives and fortunes 
of men 

More-mo, n., Mahommedan 

Mote, adv., completely. Bi 
Bi ll i leli mgte 

Motu, adj., a burned farm ; 
field cleared by burning 

Mgyo, n., a medical com- 
pound of black pepper 
and clay 

Mu, ^ron., 1 per. plu., we 

Mil, pron., 1 per. plu., neg., 
we not, not we 

Mua, pron. 1 per. plu., we. 
Mua ma li lo 

Miia and miiai, n,, woman 

Miia, intr, v,, to bathe 

Miia-mua, n,, fear, conster- 
nation. Muamiia i dea 
a ngf . Muamiia lenga a 

Mue, pron., objective, us 

Mufi, ??., woollen cloth 

Miile, miile-gQtu, n., soap 

Mumu, adj., dumb. Ngi 
la miimiingo 

Miimu, adj., small, little; 
def. St. miimui, plu. 
miimua, mumulsia 

Miimull, n., lice that infest 
domestic fowls 

Miimu-mo, n,, a dumb 

Munda, pron,, our own, 

Mu-viilr, pron., we our 

MuwQ, pron., our own 


Na, plu. naa,=nS, def. st. 
nasia, demons, pron., this, 
these, that, those. There 
being norelative pronoun, 
it frequently stands for 
" the one who, those 
who," and "the same;" 
as, folQi na, that day, or 
foloi na ma, on the same 

Na, adv., now. Ngi ya na 
na yf na nya doni, I go 
now to theOne(Him) that 
sent Me 

Na, adv., there, thence ; if, 
and here, there. I ye na, 
he is there ; wa li na, do 
not go there = thither. 
Sometimes it appears 
pleonastic, as — gbamaile 
hindoi gbi to pomei a 
ye na, mla lo kQw|i8ia 
ta yando na, lit. * for 
wheresoever it is that the 
carcass is there, there it 
is the eagles shall gather 

Nail, n., a mysterious sound 
or sight, supposed to 
warn of death ; sign, 
mark, prodigy, proof 

Nali, n., glue 

Nalo, adv., there, then 

Nalo, n., a short, broad knife 
having a rounded point 

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Namakoi^ to practice, to 
study, to learn, to endea- 
vour to know 

Nami, adj., dirty; nami- 
nami, very dirty 

Namu, tr, v, and adj.^ to 
slip in walking, to slide ; 
to speak fluently; slip- 

Nana, «., a herb with 
poisonous prickles 

Nande, w., early oka 

Nanga, intr. v., to crawl. 
Kale nanga 

Nanga, tr, v., to palsify, to 
become incapable of 

Nanga-hegbe, n., dropsy, 

Nangango, to be taken with 

Nani, num, adj., four. I na- 
nigei and inanigelei, 
ordinal num.y the fourth 

Nani-gele, the fourth 

Nano, n,\ the moon corre- 
sponding with July 
(Kitchel August). Ngi 
kglo nyegi lo nga mbai 
ye nano yalui ma folo pii 
m'ahU nani foi ma pii 
mahu woyakpa ke nii 
sawa gboyongo mahu 

Nati, adv,, completely. Nje 
i jia mahU nati 

Navl, adj., flexible, elastic 

Nav6, n., money, goods, any 
article of value; posses- 

Navo maluvema, «., bank, 
money exchange place _ 

Navo vema, n., the place 
where* money is given or 

Navola, n., money 

Nai, adff.,^ expressing seve- 

. rity. Ngamongo nai 

Nama, n., blood 

Nanya, w., sand 

Nao, describes a taste not 

. quite palatable 

Naso, adv., intensive, very. 

, Ndima bf ngo naso 

Ngna, adj., bitter. No- 

. nango, to be bitter 

Nona-nona, tr. v., to cut 

. out 

Ngni, n., bird 

Nonyo, adj., rough, chapped 

Nd=l, nda=la=ya 

Nda and ndawa, n., leaf. 
Nda = la,def. st.ndai = lai; 
plu. ndaa = laa, ndaisia = 
laisia. Nda gbia, to put 
forth leaves 

Nda = la, ndei = lei, plu. 
nda = la, nd elsia = leisia, 
n., mouth, door, any kind 
of opening; wprd, say- 
ing, letter, wharf. A nda- 
Ifwe. Ngi nya la woa, 
I open my mouth; and 
nya la wgo. My mouth is 
open. Nda wongo. Nda 
fefele-mo, two-mouthed 

J Person, i.e. hypocrite 
a,, n., portion, 
part. It is 'added to the 
possessive pronoun by 
way of emphasis and cor- 
roboration; as, my own. 
Nya nda li viill. My own 
heart itself. I ngi ndf ivf^ 

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He gave him his own. 
Nya nda lo a ji, This is my 
own or proper portion 

Nda = la, tr, v., to lay, to 
place, to put, to enact, 
ordain, appoint ; to make, 
as a bed ; to set, arrange, 
as a table 

Ndabela, w., slowness of 

Ndabo and ndawabo, w., a 
bird that builds its nest 
by sewing together leaves 

Ndabo wa, n., a bird's bill 

Ndabru, w., lip 

Ndabu, prep., before; pri- 
vate parts 

Ndadala, n., childish talk 

Ndado=lado, to join to- 

Ndado-mo, n., one who joins 

Ndagba, n., boldness in 
• speech 

Ndagbale, adj., beating with 
the mouth, incessant or 

J)ainful talk 
agbia, tr. v., to play by 
catching and drawing 
each other over a line. 
Ndagbia nyini ma, tr. v., 
to wean a child, pull its 
mouth from the breast 
Nda-gbole hinda, n., kiss 
Ndagbolo and ndagboro, 
, n, and adj., stuttering, 
stammering. Njief ngi 
la gborongo 
Ndagbolu, n,, lid, cover, 

Ndagboro-mo, n., a stam- 

Ndagbgtu, tr, v., to protrude 
the lips, to pout 

Ndage, tr. v., to mention, to 

Ndagoli, n., a present of 

Ndagiilu, n., lip 

Ndaha, n, and adj., meat- 
hungry, desiring to eat 
animal food 

Ndaha-mo, n., one that has 
an excessive desire for 
animal food = sweet- 
mouthed person 

Ndahani, n., meat, any 
kind of flesh used as 

Ndaha- Willi, n., fig tree, and 
its fruit 

Ndahfi, tr. v., to instruct, 
to acquaint, to explain, to 
name for 

Ndahi =lahi, tr. v., to cau- 
tion, to warn, to advise, 
to counsel 

Ndablla, n,, admonition, 
caution, counsel, warning, 
commanding, ordering 

Ndahugoli, tr. v., to repay 
good with evil. A nya 

Ndajondo, tr. v., to gather 
together the mouth so 
as to close it, as of a 

Ndakanya, adj\, large and 
tall. Used o^ persons and 

Ndakpa, intr. v., to grow 
up to manhood, to ma- 
ture, matured. Kina 
ndopoi ngi lakango yele, 

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When the boy was grown 

Ndakpa, n.,fellow,an equal. 
Used by males only; 
females use the word 
mbai, companion, friend 

Ndakpalo and ndakpao, 
w., a young man; plu. 
ndakpalplsia. Nyapo, n., 
young woman. Nyapoi 
i ndakpaloisia huwoya 
ngi llmei id 

Ndakpalo 'dagbe,n., a young 
man that has not yet got 
a beard 

Ndakpaya, n., state of matu- 

Ndala and nda, tr. v., to 
pull, to draw, to drag. 
A mu ndendei la, verb, 
«., drawing 

NdalO, tr, v., to join, to 
unite together, to accom- 
pany. Mu li, bi nya 

"^dal§, adj\, joined to; 
respecting, concerning, 
according, about, on ac- 

' count of, in behalf of. 
I njla leni ndalongo kare 
ma. Ndalongo ndi we* 
mei ma 

Ndaiii, n., a kind of sore in 
the mouth 

Ndama, n., place to lie 
down, bed, bedroom 

Ndamagbate, tr. v., to put 
aside for safe keeping, 
to keep, to preserve; to 
make ready, to create 

Ndamahtiyomba, n., mous- 

Ndamata, tr. v., to speak or 

call quickly, to praise 
Ndamba, n., crocodile or 

Ndambu, w., foundation ; 

the fit place to lay it 
Ndamiimu, adj., dumb 
Ndamiimu-mo, n., dumb 

Naanda, t?., a tree 
Ndandakiilo, n., a kind of 

wild cat,* fox 
Ndandakiilo-gona, n., a 

flying report 
Ndando and sllolando n., 

spider's web, fibres upon 

the inner surface of a 

plantain, skin 
Ndane, tr. v., to indulge, to 

gratify, to coax with food, 

to cherish ; indulged 
Ndane, tr. v., to misrepresent 

wickedly, to slander 
Nda-ngiilo, n., nut oil. 

Nda-ngulo i yia, the 

nut oil is asleep, i.e. con- 
Ndanye, n., cutlass-fish 
Ndao = ndawo, la ndao mu 

we, open the door for us 
Ndaoko, tr. v., to mark, to 

imitate in contempt 
Ndapi = lapi, tr, v^ to fight, 

to struggle, to swim. 

Ndapi we kumana, to 

fight for* the mastery. 

Ke iye ndapi hii 
Ndapi-nyQ, w., associate in 

Ndf,ta, n., tendon, vein. 

Nama lata 
Ndav§,<r. v.^tofillfull 

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Ndave-hinda, w., fulness 

Ndav|ng:o, to be full, brim- 
ful/ KiQa ndaveai 

Ndavula or ndavuli^ n,, a 
sling for throwing stones 

Ndawa, w., a species of 
plum tree ; a vine used in 
binding rice 

Ndawele g6la n,, an Ameri- 
can cloth two fathoms 

Ndaw6, tr, v., to open, to 
expose the transgressions 
of others. Nyahf i ngi 

Ndaw5 = l5wo-hInda, n., 
great mouth matter, i.e, 
boasting. Ndaw9gbama, 

Ndawo, n,, speaking im- 
purely, indecently 

Ndawoko or ndako, tr. v., 
to imitate in speech or 
in song 

Ndawiilo, tolu-wiilo, «., oil 
from palm kernel 

Ndawiindu-gali, n., a kind 
of green snake 

Ndaya, n,, saliva, spittle 

Ndayla = layia, plu. layif- 
sia, law, statute 

Nd^ylll, n., a snare, noose, 

Nd = 1, nde = le, nde = le 

Nde = le, nd§i '=lei; plu. 
ndfa = Ifa, ndenga = 
lenga, ndengesia, or nde- 
ngelsia = lengesia or l|- 
ng|isia; n., child, brother 
or sister. Bi wa mu ndei 

Ndf , tr, V,, to tell, to say. 

to speak, to condemn. 

I ndenga mbale wai hii. 

Frequently followed by 

la, word, to tell a word. 

Ye lo i ndeai bi ma? 

Who was it that told it 

Nde, n, and adj., a lie, 

liar; addicted to lying. 

Ngi lengo 
Nde, tr. v., to beget, to bear, 

to give birth to. I ndo 

NdfbSla, plu. ndebellsia, w., 

Ndega, w., hair of the body 

except the head 
Ndeajbe, n., large cat-fish 
Ndlgele, n., chronic ulcer 
Nde-gola, tr. v., to tell a lie, 

to lie. Ngi hinda wova 

mia i nde-gola la 
Nde-gola-mo, n., one that 

tells lies 
Nde-hinda, n., falsehood, 

Nde-hindo, plu. nde-hlndo- 

Isia and nde hindo wa- 

wai, elder brother 
Nde-hlndo wiilo, plu. wiile- 

isia, n., younger, i.e. little 

Nde-jondu wua, to swear 

falsely • 
Ndekpe, tr. v., to stand or 

place in a successive man- 
ner. Ndopolsia ti lekpe 

hindeji. Nd'ekpe-ndekpe, 

in succession, by turns, 

Ndekpe, tr. v., to bend, to 

wind, to incline, to lean to 

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Ndekpu, intr. v., to limp, to 
be lame^ adj., lame, weak- 

Ndela, verb, n., saying, tell- 
ing. I tato ndela 

Ndele, adj\, wet, black. See 

Ndeli, tr, v., to wet, to cool, 
to appease, to satisfy 

Ndelingo, to be wet, to be 

Ndelo, n., name of a con- 

Ndema, n,, forgetfulness, 
condemnation. Wa ndema 

Ndema = lema, w., remem- 

Ndema-mo, one that for- 

Ndlembi, n., delay, tarrying, 
continuing. Ix)ngevity 

Ndembima, r?., place of 
tarrying, grave 

Ndembu ndembu, w., valley 

Nde-rao, r?., lord, proprietor 

Nd|-mo = lemo ; pin. nde- 
ndebala, ndebelelsia, also 
ndemSa; father, parent, 
denoting the natural 
father; while ke means 
master, lord, ruler, king 

Ndf nde, tr, v., to disclose, to 
gossip, to repeat rumours 
concerning others 

Ndende, n., ^anoe, boat. 
Ndende hfi-mo, sailor, 

Ndendekpe, w., the placing 
of a broken thing so that 
another in taking it shall 
appear to break it, and 

■^ so be chargeable with 

Ndendeli,n., shade, shadow. 

Hei ndendeli bu 
Ndende-mo, «., gossiper 
Ndenga, plu. of nde, n., 

children, servants,' sub- 
jects. Kena yela ndenga 

fele ti ye ngi yeya, i 

nd|nga ti ma 
Nde-nyaha-lo, plu. loa and 

15nora, sister. Per syncope 

Ndf nya-l6 wa, elder, i.e. 

great sister 
Nde-nyalo wiilo, younger, t.c 

little sister 
Ndeyale, n., broom made of 

rice straw 
Ndeve, n., bat, a species of 

small bat 
Ndevu, n., life, rest. Nde- 

vui ji mahinda, cares of 

this life. 
Ndevu-g5to and ndevu- 

gotu, w., a sigh 
Ndevuma, n., resting-place. 

upper chamber 
Ndevu-vefe, w., life, breath 
Ndewe, n., the name of a 

Ndewe, tr. v., to flatten as 

by beating ; to braid iu 

flat braids 
Ndewe, tr. v., to strike, to 

flog* to beat, to pound. 

Kolu l§we i ye tevetevo 
Ndewe, nd|„ n., brother, 

sister, cousin 
Ndgw§-gbo, n., scar from 

Ndfwf-gbOndo, n., wale. 

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swelling caused by beat- 

Nd = 1, ndl = li 

!Ndi = ii, w., heart. Com- 
pare II above. The seat 
of affection and hatred. 
Hinga ti ll nyamiango le. 
Bi li yekpengo le ? 

Ndl and ndhi, w., house- 
fly, cow-bird 

Ndia, n., midst, middle, 
centre ; prep., among = lla 
hii, in the midst. A ngi 
dewelo ndIa, He shall cut 
him asunder 

Ndia-mo, n., friend, lover of 
either sex, but no relative 

Ndidewe, n,, strife. Grene- 
raliy iididewe-yia 

Ndi-dewe = iewe, w., vexa- 
tion, anger, indignation ; 
adj,, angry, incensed, pas- 
sionate, irritated. Hi- 
ndoi na ndl dewengo le, 
That man's heart is cut, 
i.e. he is vexed, enraged, 
in a state of fury or pas- 
sion. Nyall a gbavo ndl- 
d§we yiei va ngi ndeni 
nya nyahei ma a kpo- 
iko ji 

Ndi-d ewe-mo, n., an angry, 
passionate person 

Nai-do or ndi-15, n. and adj., 
oourage, patience ; cour- 
ageous. Ndl welemei, 
hope. Ndi wotengo, to 
repent ; repentance. I ye 
ndi moiie wa hii, He was 
in great trouble 

Ndigba, tr. v., to press upon 
from above, to squeeze 

Ndigba = lipka, w., bow, 
Kotu lipka, iron bow 

Ndlgbale, w., pain in the 
pericardiac region 

Ndigbeka, n., lower point of 


Ndihele, tr. v., to perplex, to 
confound. Hindf ji ke i 
nya lihelea, n., jeopardy, 
danger, perplexity, sus- 
pense. Nde helea hu, in 

Ndi-houla, n., long-suffer- 
ing,* forbearance 

Ndikpa, w., cross-bow ; pen- 
cilled rays of light 

Ndikpa-vali and ndikpa- 
vai, arrow 

Ndikpa-wili-mo, plu. ndi- 
kpa-wIli-bSla, archer 

Ndikpa-yeya, w., bow-string 

JNdikpo, w., dispute 

Ndlla, n., consolation, calm- 
ness, contentment 

Ndile, w., boa-constrictor 

Ndilei, n., peace 

Ndil|i-mo, n., one whose 
heart is cool, meek, calm ; 
patient, peaceful person 

Ndlleli, n., peace, content- 
ment. Ndileli hinda, 
consolation, coolness of 

Ndileli, pleasing, acceptable 

Ndi-leli va, tr. v., to appease, 
to reconcile 

Ndile we. See Ndi-dewe 

Ndili, w., little fly 

Ndilo,'n., patience. Ndllo 
gboto hii, in much pa- 

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Ndima, r?., chest, bosom 

Ndima, «., wrath, anger. 
Ndima be, withont pity 
or sympathy 

Ndima-be, plu. llma-bele- 
sia, (w/}*., unpityiiig, iin- 
l^ind, unsympathizing. 
Mahangesia ti Ilma-bele- 
sia ti ye ndoloi hii 

Ndima-gale, n., a cherished 
feeling of hatred or pur- 
pose of revenge 

Ndima lenga, n., dear chil- 

Ndima-voni, w., an event 
causing grief; adj,, grie- 

Ndima-wani, kindly dis- 
posed, generous, free, 

Ndima yamu, adj., chur- 
lish, bad-tempered, ill- 
disposed, disagreeable 

Ndlmba, tr, v., to twist, to 
spin, to twist by rolling. 
Ta fande limba 

Ndl-mini, ' n., heaviness, 
heaviness of mind, sorrow 

Ndimo, w., traveller ; greedy 

Ndindl, w., a kind of small 
white ant, and its nest 

Ndingo, to be sharp. MbQ- 
wei ya ndingo 

Ndinyani-hlnda,a matterof 

Ndivale,w.,fly-brush,broom ; 
a kind of mushroom 

Ndivo, n., a boil 

Ndl-viila, v., hasty, quick- 
tempered. A ndi-viila 
in a fit of passion 

Ndi-wanda, n., kind dispo- 
Ndi-we, ndl-wgma, n., hope 
Ndi-wo, n., a kind of grass 
NdiwQio, n., discontent ; 
adj.^ dissatisfied, grasp- 
Ndi yakpe, n., good-will 
Ndiyamala, w., persuasion 
Ndi yela, n., one heart, sin- 
Nd = 1, ndo = lo 
Ndo = 15, ndoi = loi ; plu. 
ndenga = Ifnga, ndengei, 
nd^ngeisia = lengesia 
(some of the forms are 
derived from nde = le, to 
bear, give birth, beget) ; 
n., child, either son or 
daughter; pupil, servant, 
subject, a dependant of 
any relation; the young 
of animals, birds, and rep- 
tiles. Ndoi i wa ngi ke 
ye. Ndoi ikele-mage or 
ncloi ikuioi, the last, i.e, 
the youngest. Ndo kulo, 
little boy or child. Bi 
ye bi loi loni ? Have 
you leftyouJr country? 
Hinda ndQi a pe, ngi ke 
be a pe 
Ndo = 16, tr. v., to leave, to 
leave behind, to be- 
queath, to commit. I ndo 
fei hii, He left it in the 
Ndo, n., mm, fermented 
sap from different specie 
of the palm, fermented 
or distilled liquor of any 

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Ndo, tr, v., to search out, to 
find out by investigation 

Ndo = lo, tr. v., to put,to place 

Ndoa = ndowa, w., hole. 
Ndoa jeyu, deep hole 

NdoaMla = loahula, w., re- 

Ndo-boma, n,, a chisel used 
in making incisions for 
palm wine 

Ndo-dagba, n., vinegar 

Ndofo, n., a large black 
lietle (perhaps rhinoce- 
ros) ; an immoderate 

Ndogba, adj,, hardened, 
stiffened, alienated 

Ndogba, n., frontal head- 
ache. Ndogbe i nya bona 

Ndg-gbatema, «., the place 
where wine is made 

Ndogbe, n., a fetish sup- 
posed to inflict ndogba 

Ndo-gbelingo hinda gegea, 
earthquakes in divers 

Ndogbo, w., woods, thicket, 
bush. Ndogbo-hua, n., 
wild beasts 

Ndogbo dowoisia, n,, husks 

Ndogbo-hani, n,, leopard 

Ndogbo-le, w., any wild 
fowl that scratches for 

Ndggb6le-mo, n., wine- 

Ndogbo-lop9, w., one who is 
initiatei into Pgro 

Ndo-gelema, w., the end of 
the world 

Ndohou-hmda, n., drunken- 
ness, intoxication 

Ndohou-hii, to be over 

powered by drink 
Ndohil, n., dung; loss. 

Ndohil jo, suffer loss 
Ndohu, tr. v., to lose ; to be 

lost, lost 
Ndoine, w., a bird said to 

cry, "Yemia?" 
Ndoka, n., clearing the bush 

preparatory to felling 

trees; brushwood 
Ndoke, intr. v., to settle, to 

clarify; adj., clear. Bi 

yatne lokengo 
Ndoke,* n.j the rope used in 

lowering palm wine 
Ndoko, n., part, pillar ; plu. 

Ndokolo and ndokulo, w., 

Ndokpo, tr. v., to place in a 

row, to make a long 

Ndoku, ructate 
Ndoku-wiilu,n.,a tree whose 

blossoms emit an offen- 
sive odour 
NdSla, plu. ndolanga, «., 

infant, babe. Nya lolai 

lo wama 
Ndola, n. and adj., growth, 

increase; growing 
Ndolawala hinda, n., in- 
Ndolaya, n., infancy 
Ndole = lole, n., hunger, 

need. Ndole nya hou. 

Navo mani lole nya roa. 

Also' ndoe 
Ndole, tr. v., to thresh, to 

shell, to unstring ; to ex- 
tract^ as teeth 

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NdSle, tr, v., to bear chil- 
dren. Mn loi hii oyaha 
ndolea na ta gohune lo 

Ndole, n., trick, play. Also 

Ndole-mo, n., one that plays 

Ndgle we, to clear the bush 

KdoU, n!, fish-hook 

Ndolinyo, n., playmate 

Ndolo, also ndoe = ndgi = 
Igi = loilo = ndolai,world, 
country, kingdom ; earth, 

Ndolo = lolo, tr. v., to seek 

Ndglo, tr. v., to hate 

Ndolohu = lolQhu, tr. v., to 

Ndololi, n., inhabitant of 
the land 

Ndoma, n., love, charity, 

Ndoma, n., shirt, a loose 
gown, upper garment 

Ndoma, w., friend. Ndoma 
hou, to hold together as 

Ndombu = lombu, intr. v., 
to dive, tto dip in or 
under, to sink. Ma 
ndombu nje hu, over- 
throw, to sink, to fail to 
support a cause; to dis- 
regard counsel, to dis- 
respect another, to with- 
draw into concealment 

Ndombu -mo, n., diver. 
Ndombu hii, in the deep 

Ndgme. n., ground, earth. 
I I'dgm^ bo Busucgo^ 

He digs deep into the 

Ndomi, n., a plant 
Ndgmo, plu. ndgbSla, n., the 

owner of palm wine 
Ndgmo = lomo = tgmo, n., 

Ndonde, plu. ndondea, 


def. St. formed from the 

plural form, ndondc^ga: 

n., swine, hog ; and ndo- 

ndo. Ndondea lago va 
Ndonde-diye, w., abstinence 
from swine's flesh 
Ndgndo, w., multipede, 

Ndondo, tr. v., to trust with, 

to sell to on credit. Nya 

londo a ba yela 
Ndondo, n., silence 
Nd5ndo, n., an excrescence, 

as a wart or tumour 
Ndondo, n,,& dance in a line 

when the Pgro yaf| visits 

the town 
Ndondo-ha, n., saw 
Ndondo-hina, w., boar 
Nd5nd5-hiia, w., swine's 

flesh* pork 
Ndondoko, n., a vine grow- 
ing from a tuberous root 
Ndondovo, intr. v., to 

shrink as meat or fish 
Ndond6-yia, n., whisper 
Ndo-nyaha, n., daughter by 

Ndopa, n., deer 
Nd5p6, w., child, boy or girl; 

one inferior in rank or 

Ndopoi nyandfngo nygko 

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gbi, a girl nncommonly 

Ndopoya, n., childhood 

Ndosi, n., a long-handled, 
deep net 

Ndoso-loU, n,, a magical 
play * 

Ndo89-yeya, n., a black leaf- 
less vine growing from 
decayed wood 

Ndgii, w., Hades, region of 
the dead, supposed to be 
in the int^ior of the 

Ndoiimo, »., one who has 
departed this life 

Nd6vo, n., toad 

Ndovo, adj.^ unlucky, un- 
successful; ill-success 

Ndovo kpolea, w., poison of 

Ndowa, w., hole 

Nd6wo, w., horn. Nikf i 
ngi hijai lo a ngi lowoi. 
Ndowo lo i ye namei 


iowo, n., a yellow ant that 

makes its nest in folded 

Ndowo-hiia, »., a homed 

Ndowu and ndoii, tr, v., to 

hide, to conceal, to secrete 
Ndgwu-hinda, w., mystery, 

Ndowujuju, »., valley of 

Ndowuma, »., hiding-place. 

Ndowu-hu, in secret 
NdQWungo, to be hid 
Ndo-wiiru, n,, palm tree 
Ndi = lii 

Ndii and ndiie, n,, flesh 

Ndiiahfl = liiahii, w., differ- 
ence, variance. Ti liiahu 
i lani, space between, 
interval; relation between 

Ndiiahu, prep., between. 
Gbehei lo mu luahu. Bf 
muluahugo? nyandewe 
mia. I ndiiahu gglea 1515 
wekesia ma 

Ndiiahii bombo, w., the re- 
mainder which is un- 

Ndua hugole voi, n., refer- 
ring to purification after 

Nduahii-la, n., reconcilia- 

Ndiiahu-la-mo, n., mediator 

Nduahii nyani, w., discord, 
quarrel, variance, divi- 

Nduba, ndiibanga, adj., 

Nduediig and ndiiendue, n,, 
heat, sensation of heat 

Ndiiedii^ngo, it is warm or 

Ndiife, tr. and inir, v., to ex- 
tinguish, to end, to wipe 
out. Ti ngi liifea, to 
quench, to put out ; to go 
out, as a flre 

Ndufu-lgi, w., palm wine 

Nduhfi-ha, w., weakness 

Ndiihu hango, to be or to 
feel weak, weary. Hinda 
houla, to be weak in faith 

Nduine, n., a bird 

Ndukpu, tr. v., to muddle, 
to be muddy; muddy, 
dirty, foul 

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Ndula, tr. and intr, v., to de- 
cay, to rot, to perish ; de- 
cayed, rotten 

Ndula-hinda, w., rottenness 

Nduli, n. and v., smoke ; to 
smoke; smoky 

Nduli-kpuli, w., soot 

Nduli- lende, n., steamsliip 

Ndulu = wulu, w., tree 

Ndulu, tr, V,, to steam ; n., 

Ndulu, n., a bird with brown 
neck and white breast, 
that cries morning and 

Nduma, n., skin 


Ndumbu, n., an earthem 
pot with small mouth, 

Ndiiva = liiva, to continue, 
to stay the whole of the 

Ndiivu, n., ashes 

Ndiivu, tr. v., to bum to 
ashes, burned into ashes 

Nduvu, w., a species of 
palm tree, also the fibres 

' of its leaf; or bamboo 

Ndiivu-gba, n., a forest of 
nduvu trees 

Nduvu-lo, w., fermented sap 
of ndiivu, palm wine 

Ndiiwa, n., fear, veneration ; 
adj., fearful, afraid 

Ndiiwa, adj., cooked soft, 
tender from boiling. Ta- 
nge ndiiwango f&kf 

Nduwa-wo, w., description 
of a person given for his 

Ndiiwe and ndowe, tr, v., to 
clear away the under- 

Ndiiwo, n., slave 

Nduwoya, n., slavery, ser- 

Nduwu, n. and adj., flesh, 
living body; fleshy. Ndii- 
wu i dea ngi ma 

Nduwu-mo, plu. nduwu- 
bela, carnally minded 

Ne, def. st. nei ; plu. nea, 
def. St. nelsia ; n., tongue. 
Ti ne fele hitia, They ex- 
hibited* two tongues = 
were double-tongued, dis- 
sembled. Ne fele, n., dis- 

Ne and nei, n., pleasure; 
tr. v., to please, to be 
sweet, agreeable. I neni 
lo Ngewo wo. Nya li a 
gohu gie, ke nya yafei a 
gShu ne. A ne lo *wu 
ke we, It is the pleasure 
of your father 

Ne or nene, tr. v., to spy 
out, to watch; to aim at, 
to seek for. Pele nengo, 
look for the road, i.e. 
seek an occasion. Nemo, 
n., parasite 

Ne, tr. v., to boil, to emit 
sparks. Njetanema. Fei 
lo nema 

Nehe, tr. v., to search for 
food, to shift about in 
search of food 

Neku, adj.y smooth, shining, 

Nemahii, plu. nemahfiisia^ 

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n., mind, sense, thonght, 
intellect, judgment, 

opinion, determination, 
advice, conscience, con- 
sciousness ; cleverness, 
wisdom, memory, occu- 
pation, science, skill. 
Nemahii dewe gegelsia, 
various kinds of trades. 
Nemahii dewei gbotongo 
le ndoei htf ' 

Nemahu* ba, tr, v., to tem- 
porarily deprive of the 
use of mental faculties, 
to astonish ; adj., unwise, 
imbecile, foolish. Nema- 
hii heingo, being settled, 
at rest 

Nemahii dewf , to be clever. 
Nemahii* lewe, to give 
instruction,' direction ; 
direct, order 

Nemahii d§we-mo, plu. 
dewe b§la, one who is 
wise', clever, etc., to do a 
thing. Nemahii dewengo. 
Nemahii 1^-mo, a wise 
person. Nemahii lewe- 
yia, wisdom of words. 
Ti nemahii vaya ti va, 
They doubted of them. 
Nemahu wu, to trust, 
have confidence in. Ne- 
mahii lew§, to forewarn 

Nemakoli', tr. v., to attempt 
to do, to make trial, to 
acquire skill 

Nemo, also nenemo, »., spy, 
watcher ■ 

Nemu, tr. v., to injure, to 
wound, to hurt, to make 
or cause to be lame 

Nemuma, n., wounds, 
bruises, injuries 

Nemu-mo, a person injured, 
bruised, lamed 

Nemungo, to be hurt, in- 
jured, wounded 

Nendl, n., toothless gum 

Nene, n., shadow, shade, 
likeness, spirit, ghost 

Nengbe, n., a ftesh-water 

Nengbu, adv., very. K6le- 

Neni and ne, tr. v., to 
sweeten, to make palat- 
able, to make pleasant, 
agreeable ; n., taste, 
savour, sweetness 

Nepo, tr. v., to appease, to 
pacify, to coax, to induce, 
to comfort, to console, to 
caress, to fondle 

Nepo-mo, n., comforter. 
Nepo-Mnda, n., consola- 

Nepo-yla, w., enticing words 

Nesr, n., pine-apple 

Nete, n., door of bamboo or 
of boards 

Neye, adj\, smooth 

Ne and Nene, adj., sharp. 

. Mbowa nga nene 

Nga, per 8. pron.^ 1 per., I, 
connected with the future 
tense and .conditional 
sentences. Nga wa lo, I 
shall come; nga li, I may 

. go, or may I go ? 

Nga, negative of the pre- 
ceding, I not, shall not, 
may not. Nga la mone, 
I not yet = before I sufifer 

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Nga,suflax. (1^ To form the 
plural number of nouns 
denoting animated be- 
ings, as, mahanga, kings ; 
kondOnga, locusts; nde- 
nga, brethren. (2) Con- 
nected with verbs it forms 
the definite present tense, 
as, ndenga, to have told ; 
denga, to have climbed, 
mounted ; tonga, to have 
. followed 

Nga, adv,, off. Tewe nga 
Nga, n., edge, point. Nga 
bengo, vigorously, to the 
. utmost 

Nga, intr, v., to sing 
Ngafa, plu. ngafesia, ngafa- 
. nga, ngafangesia, w., idol 
Ngafa = yafa, plu. ngafa- 
ngelsia, spirit, soul, ghost, 
. idol 

Ngafa, tr, v., to slander, to 
backbite, to make known 
one's misdeeds or bad 
. qualities 

Ngafage, n., the spiritual 
Ngafa-gotu, n., a stone re- 
. presenting a spirit 
Ngafama, adv,, finally 
Ngafa-mo, plu. ngafa-bSla, 
n. , spiritual person, spirit- 
, ually minded 
Ngafa-mo, «., accuser, 
. slanderer 

Ngafa vungo, living soul 
Ngafe, tr, v., to fon, to win- 
. now, as rice 

Ngafo, tr. v., to go through, 
. to reach to the other side 
NgSfo, tr, v., to fan for cool- 
ing a person 

Ngaf5mo, n,, one who fans 

. another 
NgafSna, tr, v., to sharpen 

. to a point ; adj., pointed 

ISTga-giihei, adj., high 

Ngaha, tr. v., to make dull, 

blunt. Mbomei ya hango. 

Applied to persons, lazy. 

. Mbbwe ngahango 
ISTgaba, n., a small animal 
Ngaheu, adj., equal. Used 

. of similar surfaces 
Ngahg, tr, v., to draw out, 

. as an axe bit by striking 

Ngahou, tr, v., to braid 

loosiely, as the hair; to 

. restrain 

Ngahii, n„ sole of the foot 
Ngahii-g^e, n., favour 
Ng&hiima, tr. v., to steal 

. from 
Ngai-gotu, blacksmith's 

. stone = anvil 
Ngai-mo, plu. ngai-bSla, n., 

, blacksmith 

Ngakpa, tr. v., to complete, 
to finish. Used with ngf- 

. ng§ 

Ngakpa, tr, v,, to give the 
balance, to make equit- 

. able 
Ngakpa, tr. v,, to sharpen. 

. Ta konui yakpakotuima 

Ngakpa gotu, n., stone for 

sharpening, grind or 

. whetstone 
Ngakpe, intr. v., to spring, 

. as a trap 

Ngakpe, tr. v., to pursue, as 
an enemy. Ngakpe nya- 

, nia, persecution 
Ngakpia, tr. v., to peisevere 

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to the end ; to finish or 
complete any work; to 
conclude, draw an infer- 

. ence ; to infer, reckon » 

Ngakpo, tr, v., to end, to 
finish, as the work of de- 

. struction or of robbing 

Ngaku, n., crab; tartar 
incrustation upon the 

. teeth 

Ngaku, plu. ngakulsia = 

, yaku, crab 

Ngala, n., mat. I ngalei t5- 

, mboa 

Ngale* = yale, to break, as 
a stick ; to wink the eye 

, as is usual ; to split 

Ngalengo, to be broken; 

. broken 

Ngali, n., thorn, prickle; 
sharply pointed sticks set 
in a ditch for defence. I 
ngali bembe ma, He 

. hedged it round about 

Ngali, n,, sharpness, harsh- 

. ness 

Ngali-mo = ngai-mo, n., 

. blacksmith 

Ngalu = ngau, n,, ep:g; 
moon and month. ]7gi 

. ngaufele mea 

Ngalui i* htiia, the moon has 
risen. Ngalu yela ke ku 

§u, one month and ten 
Ngalu i ye dew^ the month 
, that is past = last month 
Ngalu la Tf ngo, the moon is 
. full 

Ngalu na ipekei woma, the 
. month after next 
Ngalu na i ye dewfni ipekf i 

w$ma, the month before 

. last 

Ngalu nlna, a new egg, a 

. new moon 

Ngalu wekei, next month 

Ngama, w.,*eye, .face, coun- 
tenance. Ngama . t& 
ngama, face to face. Ngi 
ngama lo, I am present 
Post position, before, in 
the presence or remem- 

. brance of 

Ngama gbeka, n., eyelash 

Ngama y5rnba, w., eyebrow ; 

. and ngama binje 

Ngama-gole, n., clear sight- 
e.dness,' 'good fortune. 

. Nga gol§ i nya bona, h& 

Ngama lekpe, n., cross eye 

Ngama-lo, to be present 
Ko be pe ngama If, 
though it be done in pre- 

. text 

Ngamane, adj., pleased with 

. new surroundings 

Ngama wanda wa, n., great 

. grace 

Ngama wo, large-eyed, t.e. 

. coveteous 

Ngama WQ-mo, one that has 
large eyes, ».e. is very 

, coveteous 

STgama wohgo, n., open 

. face 

Ngama =yama, to return, 

. to carry or send back 

Ngamo, tr, v., to twist hard, 
as a cord; to braid evenly, 
as hair ; to dye the third 

. time 

Ngamo-l9, n., apple of the 
eye ^ 

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Ngandange, n,, iop, as of a 

, tree or hill 

Ngande, tr, v., to frighten, 
to scare, to terrify; to 
break a promise, to be- 

. g^le 
Ngande, n., deception, 

Ngande-m(J, n., deceiver, 
. hypocrite 

Ngandi, tr. v., to aid in 
escaping, to shun, to 
, sharpen 

Ngandingo, to be sharp. 
. Mbowe ngandingo 
Ngandi, arij., sharp, severe, 
. rigorous, distressing 
Ngando, tr. v., to gather, to 

assemble, to collect 
Ngando-mo, one who 
. gathers, etc. 

Nganga, tr. v., to thresh with 
the feet, as rice. I mbf i 
. yangama 
Ngangale, intens. v., to 

break repeatedly 
Nganga-l^ngoi, n., broken 

Ngange, tr. and intr, v., to 

itch, to scratch 
Ngangoli, tr. v., to fine ; to 

oblige to pay, as dam- 
. ages 

Ngapolango, w., odd number. 
, Kolo sawa ti ngapolango 
Ngara, n., a coarse grass. 
. Ngara bebea, n., couches 
Ngasa, adv., hastily. Mu 

hifa ngasa 
Ngasa, tr. v., to seize, to 
. catch after pursuit 
Ngata, intr. v., to turn upon 

the back, to lie upon the 

. back 

Ngate, tr. v., to kindle, to 
set a trap, to cut finely ; 
to commence a settle- 
ment. Ngi heime ji 

. yatea 

Ngatewe, tr. v., to cut open, 

. to make an incision 

Ngati, n., passion 

Ngatigo, tr. v., to feel, to be 
affected by. Used of evil 
events, unless otherwise 
indicated. Njie ji ngi 
ngatigoi lo ha (Luke 

. xxiv. 32) 

Ngato, to think 

Ngau, w., favour. A ngau 
lewe, with boldness or 

. confidence 

Ngau wanda, n., grace. 
Ngau wo we, to covet. 
Ngau lewe * wa, great 

. plainneis of speech 

Ngawo, adj., bold, insolent. 
Ngawongo, to be proud. 

. Ngawongo, great 

Ngawote, tr. v., to turn over, 

, to overthrow, to interpret 

Ngawu, n., wild yam, egg 

Ngaya, w., tear. Ta nga- 
yama. They are shedding 

, tears 

Ngaylll, tr. v., to agree, to 
covenant. Ti ngayllia, 

. it was determined 

$g? = yf = P^^ = y® 
Ng|, per 8. pron., 1 per. 
sing., neg., I not, not I, 
I cannot or will not; but 
also affirm., as, ngf sag9 
I said *'no." Ngf pf ti 

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yama a ndole, I will not 
make them go back with 
hunger = hungering. 
Object pron.y me, always 
preceded by a, as, ti pea 

Nge, pers.pron., 1 per. sing., 
1\ neg., I can or will not; 
generally followed by 
la, as, nge la pe gboma, 
I will (certainly) not do 
. it again 

Nge, I say, imper, v, Nge, 
I say, be, thou sayest, etc.; 
also ngee. It regularly 
follows verba sentiendi et 
declarandi, and, like ibH^, 
may be translated by the 
participial form " saying," 
or the conjunction "that,'' 
as, I ndS ye ti fe ngi we, 
He said saying = that they 

. should give it to her 

Nge, tr. v., to take up. Used 
only imperatively in the 

, present tense 

Ngea = yeya = ngeya,. n,, 
line, rope, string. Ngea 
giitu, short, guha lula, 
long, rotten rope. Ngi 
wa a ngeya 

Ngea = ngeya = yeya, ir, v., 
to buy, to sell, to obtain. 
I kole yeyaa ha. I kpa 
yeyai lo,' He bought a 

. field 

Ngebu, plu. ngebua, the 
same as ngelf-bu, plu. 
ngelebua, the sky, under 
the* sky, in the world, 
that is seen. Ngebu 
WQgi gbele, Behold the 

^eatness of the sky. 
Sgebu gbi, all nations; 
plu. ngelebua gbi, all 
people or all things under 
heaven, all mankind. 
Ngele bu hinda be. Even 
nature itself. E lembe 
tunu ngebu. He would not 
remain long in the world 
=on earth 

Ngee (I), saying 

Ngei gotu, n., anvil 

Ngela, tr. v., to sweep, to 
wipe, to brush, .to clean, 
to move. Ngelango, 

. swept 

Ngela-mo, n., individual, 
single person 

Ngelanda, w., squirrel 

Ng|la-ngfla, n., every one, 

. each one 

Ngelaya, n., state of being 

. alone 

Ngele, n., a large chronic 

. ulcer 

Ngele, tr, v., to fry, to parch, 

. to make crisp by drying 

Ngele, intr, v., to laugh, to 
deride; n,, laughter, de- 

. rision 

Ngele, n., a play in which 
the dancers form into two 
parallel lines and dance 
towards each other, call- 
ing out the opposite ones 

Ngele, 71., sky,heaven, cloud, 

. lightning 

Ngele-gohii, w., .within the 
sky, heaven. Ngele-gohu- 

. mo, one who is in heaven 

Ngele-g9hiige, the heavenly 

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Ngele mahu, n., nsed in the 
sense of nnhidden by 

, death, land of the living 

Ngele-vo or ngevo, n., dry 
season lasting from No- 
vember to April 

Ngele w6 or wohu, n., early 
dawn, day-break. Ngele 
weka wai lo, or con- 
tracted, nge wekei woni, 
lit. when another sky 
opened. = the next morn- 
ing. Ngele wo gbe, the 

. time of day-dawning 

Ngeleya, w., on high, in the 
space above our heads, 

. chamber, etc. 

Ngeleya, adv., loud, loudly ; 

. high, on high 

Ngeli, tr. v., to abuse with 
words, to revile; w., 
abusive language, abuse. 
Ke i tatonga a ngeli 

. wilia a jendu 

Ngeli, w., oath 

Ngeli, tr, v., to play a musi- 
cal instrument with the 

. hand 

Ngell-kpiiwa, n., black- 

. smith's shop 

Ngeli-mo, one that uses 
abusive language ; the 

. same as ngeli-wili-mo 

Ngelimo, the same as ngei 

. mo, w., blacksmith 

$geloba, n. (Tuelde), camel 

Ngenda, w., morning. 
Ngenda volo, morning 
sun, i,e, forenoon ; the 
time between the ngenda 
tete and the folo ngiindia, 
i.e. between the early 

morning and noon. A 
mu ngenda. Let us bid 
farewell, good-bye. I 
ngenda vei lo mu we ke 

. i ya 

Ngenga = genga 

Ngengalu, w., finger or toe 

. nail, claw, talon 

Ngengalu hua, n., any 

. animal with claws 

Ngenge, plu. ngengea, n., 
work, labour.* Yenge, 
tr. v., to work, to labour. 
Ngenge waisia, great, 

, wonderful works 

Ngenge, n., pieces 

Ng|ng|la, tr. v., the act of 
picking up the scattered 
sticks one by one from a 

. burnt field 

Ngengele, n., a plant much 
used in vegetable sauce ; 

. crincre 

Ngfnge mo, n., labourer, 

■ workman 

Ngengeny g, plu.ngengenyga, 
w., ' workers together, 

, fellow-labourer 

Ngete, n., pestle. Nya yetei 

Ng|t|-gbiilo, n., a hard 
callous upon the hand 
by beating with a pes- 

. tie 

Nge-V9, n., dry season, 

. summer 

Ngewo, n., God, the Creator 

Nggwo-bonda, n., mother's 
. mark 

Ngewo-da hu, n., God's 

Ngewo gei, godly manner. 
Ng§ WQ i bi If mbi 

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Ngewo-golo, n., Grod*s curse 

, or vengeance 

Ngf wo-hmda, God's affairs, 
i.e. what Grod does, re- 
quires, accepts ; what has 
reference to Grod 

Ngewo hinda yekpf, n., 

. God's favour 

Ngewo i nyoni, God has 
given me. Ngewo longo 

, liivu 

Ng^wo longo, n., nature. 
Ngewo iongoge, the 
. natural man 

Ngfwo-mo, plu. Ngewo- 
bSla, n., godly person 

Ngewo wele, plu. ngewQ 
wea, n., God's house, 
church, i.e. the building. 
Ti ngewo wea do, they 
build churches 

Ngewoya, w.. Godhead 

Ngewo-y ia-le-mo, w., preach- 
, er of God's word 

Ngeya = ngea, n., rope, 
, boundary 

Ngeya = yeya, n., hand, 
possession, keeping. A 
, ngeya jukululo jo 

Ngeya, tr, v., to buy, to 
^ obtain, to sell 

%eya = ng§lf ya, jprep., up, 
above us. Pu ngeya. Put 

Ngeya baka, w., sharp 
Ngfya-gondo, adj.j close- 
. handed, stingy, illiberal 
Ngeya-haka, adj., empty- 
handed. Kina i lini ke i 
. yamaa a ngeya h^ka 
Ngeyako, w., vine, creeper, 
climber, runner, winder 

Ngeyako la, adv., henceforth 

Ngeya-mo, n., buyer or 

. seller 

Ngeye, to be near to, to 
approach; as, bi levui i 

, ngeye a gele lo 

Ngey'ema, n., the place 
where any thing is 

. bought or sold 

Ngi, pers. pron., 1 per., 
neg., I not, not I, I must 

. not 

Ngi, pers. pron,, I 

Ngie, obj. pron., 3 per., 
him, her, it. In use 
always with "a" 

Ngila = yila, n., dog. Ngili- 
. ha, n., bitch 

Ngili, tr. v., to cook 

Ngili, tr. v., to tie, to bind, 
to gird, to clothe. Bi 
golf yjli, to wear, to 
. put on 

Nglllmo, n,, cook 

Nginda, pron., his own, her 
own, its own. Nya-nda, 
. my part 

Ngiti, n., the open space 
, near the house 

Ngjtjya, plu. ngitlsia yitisia, 
n., the outside, street; 
whatever is without, out 
of doors, ^.broad. Opposed 
to within. YS^, the sur- 
face, outside of the 
. street 

Ngi vuli, pron,, himself, 
. herself, itself 

Ngi we, ngie, pron,, for 
, him, for her, for it 

Nglye, n„ hill, land opposed 
to water; plu, «giyesi$. 

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bank, shore. Nglye lolo, 
. mountainous country 
Nglye, conf., unless, except. 
It is often used with ke, 
as, nga waa lo nglye ke 
nje i waa 

Ng = y, ngo = yo 

Ngo = wo, n., cry, lamenta- 
tion, warning ; intr, v., 
, to cry. Ndoi ji a wo 

jSfgo, n., sound* voice, word, 
report, advice. I ngo 
wilia ngi ma. Nglye nga 
wa gboma hi wg a ngo. 
Ngo yela la, one word, 
mouth *- conspiracy, plot. 
I ng9i ji ge a tie. He 
revealed to them the 
plot; bargain. Ti wa 
ngo yela hH, They enter 

. upon a bargain 

Ng9 = 'WO, tr. v., to bre^k, 
to open forcibly. Ngi 
nya la w6; but law5 is 
frequently used merely 
to open, to put. I ngoa 
ngi grm doi hu. Nya 
tombui wOnga. Ye lo 
ngoni? Ngo meni, to 
hear one's ' word, to 

. obey 

Ngo, w., an elderly person ; 
any grown-up person 
whose name his younger 
brothers or sisters are 

. afraid to mention 

Ngo, w., a message. Ngo 
will, to send a message, a 
verbal message. I ngo 

, will dewea ngi we 

$g9, n., destruction 

Ngogbe, n., Sasa wood 

Ngogbe, to search for by 
. the use of magic 

Ngoha, adv., abistractedly ; 
with inattention, ab- 
. sorbed. Ba lema ngohH 

Ngohu-gbgnda-mo, n., a 
deaf person, disobedient 
. person 

Nggi, tr. v., to take, to agree 

Ngoka, n,, a fish called 
, mangrove page 

Ngoko, n., a hollow stump 
or body of a tree in the 
. water 

Ngola, n., forest, wilder- 
ness, desert 

NgQla, n., a scoop-shaped 
knife, used for hollowing 
. wooden vessels 

Ngola-voma, n., a rod or 
. switch for correction 

Ngole, tr, v., to shave. Ta 
. nu-gbele wole 

Ngole = 16 = loni, tr. v., to 
love, to like, to be pleased 
with. . Nya longo le a 
bie. Ngi loni a bie. Nya 

. dolongo a bie, dislike 

Ngo-leli, w., pleasant voice, 

, encouraging words 

Ngoll, n,, urine. Ng6ll-ta, 
n., urinary bladder. Ngo- 

. llbo 

Ngoll,* plu. ngolla, ngollsia, 
71., ear, tail, mane. Ng6- 
ll-hii gbindi, n., deafness. 
Ngoli-hu gbonda-mo, 
deaf person; deafened, 

, deaf, stunned, stubborn 

Ngoli, tr. v., to fine for 
misdemeanor or crime 
to pay a fine 

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Ngoli hti vule, n., earring 

NgSlo, tr. v,l to break, as 
a dish ; to crack, as a 

Ngolo, ngg, adf, great, 
large. Ngiiru ji ngglongo 

Ngolo, n., bush- cow 

Ngolo, tr. v., to dissolve 

Ngolongo, wolongo, wongo, 
to be great, large. Ngi 

, wni ngo longo 

Ngoma, verK n., "weeping, 
. crying ; place of weeping 

Ngoma wo-voloi ma, to the 

. day of redemption 

Ngomba, n., a tree 

Ngombe, n., undeveloped 
palm nuts ; a seed formed 
into a necklace and worn 

. by Sande girls 

Ngombi = wombi, n,, knee. 

. Bi wombi gbakpa 

Ngombu, w., fire. Wa bi 
ngomhu yate, conflagra- 

Ngombu, w., picked up 
beneath. Used of palm 
nuts gathered under the 

Ngombu-lama, n., fireplace 

Ngombu-vo, n.y light 

Ngombu-wulu, n,, firewood 

Ngomo, w., one who breaks 

, something 

Ngona = nona, adj., bitter. 
I kpekpeni me va. It is 

. not nice to eat 

Ngo-ne, n.y sweet sound; 

, adj\, melodious 

Ngongo, tr, v., to give oil 
and salt to a twin in 
worship. Ta ngi wongo 

ISTgohgSya, n., umbilical 

. cord 

Ngghgo = wongo, to be 
large, great; w., size, 
greatness. Ndende ngi 
ngongo yele tf wf ngo pele 


Ngongolu, plu. ngongolua, 
w., tooth 

NgOEigolu yajia, w., grind- 

. ing or gnashing of teeth 

Ngo nyamu, n. and adj,, an 
unpleasant sound; dis- 

Nggpi, n., ague cake with 
enlarged bowels. Ague 
cake is the name given to 

. an enlarged spleen 

NgorO, n., an ape, chim- 

. pan zee 

Ngoro-bonu, n., a plant with 
leaf and pod similar to 

. ponu 

Ngoro-lol6, n., a tree like 

. the kola 

Ngoro, n., a kind of worm, 

, small, green, and hairy 

Ngote-gbia, tr. v., to pursue 
and search with energy 
until the truth is ascer- 

. tained 

Ngoto, buttock. Gluteus 

. Enagnus 

Ngoto miamla, n., an itch- 
ing eruption between 

. glutei magni 

Ngotoko, n., the point of 

, tiieconyx 

Ngoto pele, »., the me- 
dian line between glutei 

Ngoto, w., a deer-shaped 

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animal with long spiral 
horns, yellow in colour, 

, with white stripes 

Ngova = wova, adj., old, 
aged. Mame ji hgi wova- 
ngo. Ngovei, the elder. 
Ngova ma, in old times, 

. long since 

Ngovo, n., cockwood 

Nggwo, n., waist, loins. 

. Useii of the back 

Ngowo, n.y the spring pole 
to a snare or mouse- 

. trap 

Ngowo, n., the beginning 
and end of the feast of a 

. public mourning 

Ngoyo, tr. v., to pick up 
with bill, mouth, or fin- 
gers. Nwonisia ti waa ti 
mbe gbi WQyoa 

Ngo will = wowili; as, ngo- 
wili yekpe, good news, the 

Ng = w, ngii = wii, ngu = 

Ngu = wii, ngiii = wui ; 
plu. ngiia = wiia, ngiiisia 
= wiiisia ; head, leader, 
top, handle (of a knife), 
bunch of (plantains), ear 
of corn ; bow, as of a ship. 
Ngii mba, n., head-dress, 
covering, veil. Sgii dewe- 
mo, w., executioner, be- 
header. l^gCd kiind^i hu 
va. The bead of the corner. 
Ti ngii hite ngi we ngi 
va, They put their heads 
together concerning him 
= held a consultation. 
Ngii hH ha hinda lo mu 

yama. It is a head-dead- 
ening, confounding mat- 
ter in our eyes = it is 
marvellous, etc. Ngiihii 
wu hinda ,ya na. It is no 
marvel. Ngii yela, one 
head, man = twenty. Ta 
. ngi go a navo ngii yela 
Ngu, tr, and inir. v., to melt; 
. to awake, to arouse 
Ngua = wua, def. st. nguei 
= wuei; plu. ngua = wu4, 
def. st*. nguesia = wuesia ; 
w., fruit. Nge yakg wua. 
Ngua wiiru mia. Wa ti go 
ti wuesia lo ma. Nguru 
yekpe *e wua ngua nyamu, 
ngiiru nyamu e wua a 
, ngua yekpe 

Ngua, tr, v.\ to wash, to 
put on, as clothes; to 
thrust in, to lead in; 
to instal in an office ; to 
subject to. Ti ngi wua a 
. maha 

Ngua, tr, v., to take an oath, 
to lay a wager, to bet. Ta 
sendu wua 
Nguala, verb, n., washing 
Nguama,t;er6. w., answering. 
Wa gili pen a kpemb^i 
wa nguama, Do not think 
first about the question 
, you are answering 
Ngua-ngo-hii, v., to enter 
. the ear, to persuade 
Nguango = wuango, to be 
, washed 

Ngue, intens, adv., very. Ngi 
. gahii ye yibon ngue 
Ngiife = wiife, n., shame, 
diffidence, modesty, re- 

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proach. Ngiife gbia, to 

, take away reproach 

Nguff-ba, adj., shameless, 

Ngufele, n., hair braided or 
woven. Ngiife li ngi wii- 

, mba 

Ngiifengo, to be ashamed, 
to make ashamed 

Ngiifulo, n., hair loosened, 

. Tinbraided, uncombed 

Ngii-goko hindei, w., skull, 
. the place of a' skull 

Ngii hite, to hang heads 
together, to deliberate, 

. consult 

Ngu hftei hu, w., council, 

. the place of 

Ngii-hii-ba hinda, n,, won- 
der; some event that 
overpowers or confuses 
the head, or exceeds 
man's powers of compre- 

. hension or understanding 

Ngii-hugbe mo, one that 
looks into his head, i.e. 
considers carefully, looks 
upon a matter from all 

. sides ; is wise, intelligent 

Ngii-hii-hei and ngii hu d5, 
expresses determination. 
Nya wui huhfingo hinde 

. ijiweva 

Ngii hii-kpakpao and ngii 
hii-gbonda, expresses ob- 

. stinacy 

Ngu-hii-nyamu, expresses 
a disposition to resent or 

, revenge every injury 
Ngiikg, n., the part above, 
Nje wiiko. The head, 
kpukoi wiikg 

Ngiikpe, w., the stump of a 
. tree or shrub 

Ngiile, n., song, hymn, tune. 
I ngulf i gbia. Ngule jole 
, menia 

$gule-mo, n., singer 

Ngiili, n,, a tree 

Ngiili, tr. v., to dip up. Nje 
wiill, to dip into ; to 

. paddle, to row 

Ngiili-mbu, n., bottom of a 

, tree 

Ngiilo, n,, oil, fat, marrow 

Ngiilo gbou, red, i.e. palm oil 

Ngiilu, def. st. ngiilui; plu. 
ngiilua, def. st. ngiiluisia ; 
n., tree, stick. Ngulu 
liilsia yando. Ngiilu 
beli,to be. skilled in wood- 
work. Ngiilu giitu, the 
stump of a tree. Ngiilu 
hape, root of a tree 

Ngiilu-beli-mo, one that is 
clever' in wood-work, 

. carver, carpenter, joiner 

Ngulu wa, plu. ngiilu 
weisia,. n., fruit of the 
tree. Ngiilu wei ihalage, 

. first-fruits 

Ngiilu wa ngoli-mo, one 

, that plucks fruit 

ISTguma, n., bundle 

Ngiima, w., headship, pre- 

, eminence 

Ngiimahii, n., Sande en- 

. closure within the town 

Ngiimao or npiimau, tr, v., 
to redeem. Ken§indop5i 
ji wumao 

Ngiima woya, w.,redemption 

Ngiimau hinda or hani, n., 
ransom, redemption fee 

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Ngumau-mo, w., ransomer, 
redeemer ; one that pays 
the price for setting a 
. slave free 

Ngiimba, n,, top, summit 
Ngiinde, n., brick or stone 
used' for supporting a 
, cooking-pot over the fire 
Ngiindia, n,, human hair; 
middle of the head. F9I0 
. ngiindia, noon 
Ngiindu, adj., green, fresh, 
. raw, uncooked, young 
Ngiindu mbu, adj., used of 
nowo when healed upon 
the surface, but is pain- 
. ful beneath 
Ngii-nia, w., short hair 
Nguru, i.q. ngulu 
Ngiiru, w., a black snake 
Ngiit9, v., to handle an axe 
Ngiit§ka, tr. v., to turn the 
head downwards ; to slay, 
as in war; to sell as 
slaves into another 
NguvolS, w., snake of dark 
. colour 

Ngiiwa, w., a kind of mon- 
key with the upper and 
outer parts black, the 
, inner and under parts red 
Ngfiwo, n., cotton tree 
Ngiiwo-danga, n., a kind of 
bitter cassada ; also 
ngwangwa ta mbg, gall 
= ngonango, to be bitter 
Ni, suffix forming the plural 
of some nouns, and the 
imperfect and pluperfect 
of the verb : as, meni, to 
hear; menini, heard 

Ni, adv., so, soon, presently. 
Ta pe lo nl 

Nia, adj., short. Mba nia. 

Nigile <yr nfgili, to search 
with the finger 

Nika, ei, plu. nika, nikani, 
and nikanga, w., cow 

Nika ha, plu. nika hineisia, 

Nika-hlna, plu. nika hinesia, 

Nika-15,, plu. nika loisia, 
calf. Nglnlka-loiwiilongo 

Nika-nyenI, w., cow's bag 
and teats ; a vine bearing 
fruits teat-shaped 

Nlka-nylnl-ya,w., cow's milk 

Nikile, n., ground-nut, pea- 

Nikpa, tr. v., to press down ; 
to rub on the earth in 
wrestling or in grief; to 
prune, to cut off 

Nikpo, tr. v., to rub with 
the hand, as in washing 

NllI, adj. and adv., very dark. 
Kpindi ya nlll, com- 
pletely. Pelf hango nill 

Nimi, adj., a' little sweet. 
Ngiiru wuai ji nImi 

Nimisa, n, severe punish- 
ment. NlmisahukunafJ, 
everlasting punishment. 
A ti wgli kunaf9 nimisa 

Nimisama, n., place of pun- 

Nimisa nyallma, n., anguish 
of heart 

Nimisango, to be tormented 

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Nimo, w., the. trunk of an 
elephant. Ngi nimoi lo 
malua ma hani le 

Nina, adj.y new, not old, 
. fresh 

Nina^ pin. ninanga, 71., 
rat. NgS nina me, I will 
not eat a rat. Adv., so 
it is Ti ninanga malea 

Ninango, to be renewed 
. made new. Kolo nina 

Ninga, n., a tree, perhaps 
. species of aloe 

Ninglga, 71., dew or rain 
. standing in drops 

Ninginanga, 71., rainbow 

Nini, w., weaving harness 

Niiii,w., female breast; adv,, 
so it is 

Nja = ya 

Nja (=ya), def. st. njei, 
water, rain, sap, fluid 

Njafa, tr, v., to slander, to 
backslide, to defame ; 

Nja-famo, n., slanderer, 

Nja-gata, w., billow, wave 

Njagbe, n,, nephew, niece 

Njagb|anga, n., sea coasts 
near the water 

Nja-gbekpe, n., a water in- 
sect formed like a cock- 

Njagbl, n., son or daughter 
of a sister. Used by men 

Nja-gboji, w., white water- 
lily, the leaves circular 
and floating; also a lily 
with lanceolate leaves 
two feet long 

Nja-gbol§ma, w., watering- 
place, watering 

Nja-gboli, 71., dark rain- 

Nja-gbiiwa, n,, rain-shed; 
a large spreading hat, 

Njagere, ti., pool, lake 

Nja-goie, cold water 

Nja-goll, n., a kind of leo- 
pard that frequents water 

Nja-guara, n., a species of 

Nja-hele, n., hippopotamus 

Nja-jilo, 71., a kind of spider 
that frequents the water 

Nja-jokoi hii, n., in the bent 
of the water, hence a cape 

Njajola, 71., one very short 
in stature, a dwarf 

Njaka, 71., red-headed lizard 

Njala, 71., lion 

Njala, n,, indigo plant, and 
dye from the same 

Njala, n., water's mouth, 
landing-place, wharf 

Njala-navo, ti., custom, duty 

Nja-leli-lopa, ti., a kind of 
deer with dark stripes 

Njalo, n,, a fabulous water- 
spirit with a body like a 
serpent, and a head like 
shining silver 

Njalowa, n,, a water-hole, 
a well 

Njamba, 71., a skirt of 
palm fibres hanging 

Nja-miimui, 71., gentle rain 

Nja-nene, n., a small bug 
that walks upon the 

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Njanja, w., palm leaves 
placed upright in a line, 
forming a screen for con- 

Njanja, tr, v,, to separate, 
to disperse, to remove. 
Eoloisia yanja mese ma 

Njasa, n,, palm leaf for 

Nja-ve, 71., deluge, flood; 
the swelling of the sea, 
high tide 

Nja-vei wumbn, n., some 
kind of sponge 

Nja-vele, n., water-fanner, 
a large water-turtle 

Nja-volo, n,, the sky dotted 
with small dark clouds 
and the sun hot, as at the 
beginning of rains 

Nja-wamanwgni,w., pelican, 
great water-bird 

Njaye, n,, a society charac- 
terized by the worship of 
a snake 

Nje = ye 

Nje, def. st. njei, master, 
matron, instructor, leader 
In addressing a person 
ye is used 

Nje,*w., mother; also used as 
a term of respect to any 
woman. The natural 
mother is lenje; as, nya 
lenjei = nje nya leni, The 
mother who gave me 
birth, from le, to beget 
and give birth 

Nje, def. st. njei ; plu. njipa 
and njeanga, def. st. nj§- 
ngeisia*; n., goat Nje lo, 
n., kid 

Nje and njei = ye or yie, ir, 
v., to lower, to* lessen, to 
descend, to take down. 
I ngi njeni, to journey 

Njego, n,y the part of a river 
above any given position 

Njeguli, w., goat-pen 

Nj|indowu and njendowu, 
n., depth 

Njekg, n., a tree called 

Njfla, n., wharf 

Njfli, n,, one who responds 
by rapping upon a turtle- 

Njembu, n., the part of a 
river below any given 

Njf mo, n., mother-in-law 

Njemo-hlnda, n., charac- 
teristic treatment by a 

Njf ni, plu. form, parents 

Njenje, tr. v., to shake with 
a sideling motion. Used 
of separating the coarse 
grain from the fine 

Njenjeve, n,, a corroding 
disease that destroys the 
nose and affects the throat 

Njenyani, a tree with bitter 
medicinal bark 

Njepa, n., a plant poisonous 
to goats 

Njepe, n., conversation. 
Njepe wova, an old story ; 
njepe If, to converse 

Njepe-mo = yepe-mo, fool- 
ish talker 

Njepe-nyamu, wicked, evil, 
bad conversation 

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Nj§-wul6, n., aunt 

Nji = yi = njl =yi 

Njl, n., sleep^ coagulation ; 
adj,, sleepy. Njl lop9i a 

Njla, def. at njf^i, n., word, 
saying, language, matter, 
affair, concern, quarrel, 
law-suit. Njla gbi, ad- 
verbial, all right. Njia- 
mo, n., antagonist, 
quarrelsome person. Nga 
glle lo a njifi ji nga la- 

. yfeu Njiei i wa and 
iglei wa df ma, it comes 
to pass, is fulfilled. Njla 
wiUo lo, it is a little 
affair. I iglfi df wfa, he 
has cut, i.e. he has settled 
the matter.. Njia-hlnda, 
quarrel, dispute. Njifi 
gbate or nyege, to com- 
pose or write a history. 
NjIa-mak]ua-mo, one who 
contradicts. Njla lond^ 
isia, secrets. Njia w$t|- 
mo, one who interprets. 
Njla wotema hinda, inter- 
pretation. Njla lond9- 
Ifla, whispering. Njia- 
njia, contentions. Njla 
le-mo, one who pleads 
the cause of another, 
lawyer, adyocate. I nji§- 
If w§ nil we 

Njia-nenfi, n., enticing 
language, words 

Njx-gfelf, sleeping-time. 
Njima, n.y sleeping-place. 
NjI-nyQ, n., bed-fellow 

Nji-higbe, «., water-sick- 
ness, t.e. dropsy 

Njlmgmo, n., one inclined 
to sleep often ; the name 
of a little bird 

Njio, adj,, yoimg, small, 
finger or toe. Tok$ yi9 

Njipl, n., all the sleeping- 
time. Njipl mu yini 

Njlva, n,, pocket in a man's 

Njivo and nJQVO-gale, n., 

NjC, n., a vine used for 
binding, also its fruit 

NJQgbo, tr. v., to cause to 
take proper form by 

Pressure or other means : 
ence to cause to obey, 

to cause to conform 
NJQko, to be tired 
Njoko, tr, v., to slacken, to 

loosen. Ngeyeyoko 
Njpla, adj., slovenly, imtidy 

in habits 
Njola, 91., desolation and 

slaughter, as in war. Ti 

nj5la gbia mu ma 
Njombd, n., feathers, hair 

of animais, hair upon the 

human body except that 

of the head 
NJQmbo, tr, v., to root, to 

knead, to soften by 

squeezing, to work as 

NJ9mb$ wiilu, n., a kind of 

hairy tree 
Njgnjo, tr, v., to gather, 

to pucker, to hang 

NJQpo, w., a field from which 

the rice has been har- 

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Nj5s5, n., fabulous spirits 
AwelliDg in the woods 

Njoso-yeya, n., a black vine 
used for a neck orna- 

Njovo, n., scrotum and con- 

Njovo-gale, w., testicle 

Njovo-ta, w., scrotum 

Njowe, n,, potato 

Nj6w|-la, n., potato leaf 

Njdwele, tr, v., to rubor roll 
between the hands; to 
wash, as cloth 

Njowolo, tr. v., to rub, as in 
washing cloth; to mash 
with a rubbing motion, 
as food for an infant 

Njoyo, tr, v., to send a 
present to an absent 

Njufe, adj\, soft. Fande yufe, 
unspun cotton 

Njula, adj., blue 

Njuo and njio, n., finger or 
toe. Toko-yu5. Kowo- 

No, tr. v., to contmue, to 
insist upon, to constrain, 
to stick to, to persevere 
in, to assert strongly. 
No hinda yekpe wel§ 
ma. I nga ma ye tonya 
le. Ke ji va no ngi ma. 
"VVu HQ nlnda yakpf i va 

Nof and nof-yaka, north. 

Noko, 72., elbow 

Noll, adj.y chronic, inactive. 
Higbe I ye noli 

Ngli, adj., black. Kol§ ke 


Noma, verb, n., continuance^ 

Nomi, w., a fine moss grow- 
ing in damp places 

Nomo, adj., all. Mu nomo- 
ngo wu li 

Nomo, tr. v., to name one 
by one, to designate. 
Ngi wu la nomoa 

Nomoll, n., a stone rudely 
carved in the human 
form, used in the wor- 
ship of spirits 

Ngngba, n., a kind of bag. 
Nongba or ngngbe, sickle 

Nongo, to be unclean 

Ngngola, n., name of a 
country in the interior 

Ngni, n., a small piece, 
part, fragment 

Ngno, tr. v., to embroider 
upon cloth 

Nono, n., sour or curdled 

Ngvi, adj., persistent, un- 

Ngwo, Bondo or Sande 

Ngwo, tr. v., to dirty, to 
soil ; adj.f dirty, un- 

Ngwo, n., a skin disease, 

Ngwiilo, n,, small insect in 

Nil, n., person ; plu. niinga, 
people. Nu yela, one 
person. Nu yela gbgyo- 
ngo, one person finished, 
completed, i.e. twenty. 
Nu fele gbgyongo, two 
persons completed, i.e. 




forty. The natives count- 
ing fingers and toes 
Nngole, n,, deceitfulness 
Nugolf-mo, n., tempter 
Numa,* tr. v., to slacken 
Numu, w., person. Numni 
na, the person who. Nu- 
mni jj, this, numni na, 
that, person. The inde- 
finite pronouns referring 
to persons are expressed 
by numu, as, numu gbi, 
every one, any one; 
numui na, the person 
that = whosoever, plu. 
nunga gbi, all who, who- 
soever. Numu gbi I le 
be, not every one, lit. 
every one is not here = 
no one is here. Numu 
lenga, some one, some- 
body. Numni na gbi i 
loni i wa a wa lo. Whoso- 
ever will come, let him 
come. Inumui gbi oloni, 
He saw no one. Nuinu 
nyamu, but ill-disposed 
Numu-hango, plu. numu 
hangoa, hang5is]a, n., 
dead body, corpse 
Numu wala hinda, w., 

Nunga, plu. of nu and 

numu, persons, people 
Nunga-warmo, n,, men- 
killer, murderer 
Nuni, tr, v., to castrate ; to 
make holes in a palm 
tree into which a large 
beetle lays eggs; to 
make eunuchs 

Nunl-mo, pip. nunlbSla, »., 
eunuch. Ngi nunlngo 

IJTunoko-hu, one cubit 

Nwe, adv., surely, certainly, 

, by all means 

Nwe, adv, = wen 

Nwona, w., strike, stroke. 

. Ndemoi,manwQnawelo? 

Nwona, w., gall. Hu pungo 
a hani nwona, mixed with 

, something bitter 

Nwona, tr, v., to cut, to 
wound with any sharp 
instrument. Ti ngi wQua 

. a saki 

Nwona, adj,, bitter. Tife ji 

. nwonango 

Nwoni, w., bird 

Nwoni, n., bird, oyster. Nja- 
yf ma-nwoni, oyster upon 

. mangrove 

Nwonl-ga, n., oyster-shell 

NwonI-y5mbo, adj.,^ bird 

. feather 

Nwonyo-nwonyo, adj., pit- 
ted, indented, as by scars 
of small-pox 

Nya, verb, pron., 1 per. 
sing., I ; poss., my ; ohj., 
me. Biwanyaye? Nya 
ke, my father. Nya nda, 
my own 

Nya, per syncope for nya- 
ha, woman 

Nyabu, plu. nyabua, n., a 
young woman 

Nyafa, n., accusation 

Nyaha, def. st. nyahei ; plu. 
nyahaa = nyaha and 
nyahanga, nyahangei, 
nyahangfsia ; womab, 
wife, female 

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Nyaha-boil$p9, n., female 

Nyaha gb6t$ JQla, n., poly- 

Nyaha gboto-jo-mo, n., 
polygamist * 

Nyaha jo, v., to get a wife, 
to acquire a wife, to 
marry a wife 

Nyaha joma, n., the place 
where the marriage-feast 
is kept 

Nyaha-jo-mo, the person 
who takes a wife, bride- 

Nyaha-ld, n,, daughter 

Nyaha-l5p$, w., girl; plu. 

Nyaha-luwQ, n., female 

Nyaha mahei, n., king's 
wife, queen 

Ny&hap5, plu. nyahap6nga, 
w., girl, young woman, 
young lady; intr. v., to 
grow up to womanhood, 
to reach puberty, to 

Nyaha nyaha-mo, n., adul- 

Nyaha-woli, n., name of the 
moon corresponding with 

Nyala, n,, dog's flea 

Nyala, 12., a kind of tick 

Nyama = nyayftma, n,, eye, 
my eye; face, counte- 
nance. Nyama bfngo e 
liiwa. His eye is dry, he 
is not afraid = brave 

Nyama, plu. nyamSnga, n,, 
judge. Nyama hfwum 

labu, before the judgment- 
seat. Nyama yffi, a ju- 
dicial sentence 

Nyambe, pron., my own, 
my thing 

Nyamgbf, n., a wild cat, 
bush cat 

Nyamu, adj,, ugly," unr 
comely ; as, nyamumo, 
bad, evil, wicked. Ngi 
hinda nyamungo. Hfndo 
nyamu, bad man. Hinda 
nyamu, n., sin. Hinda 
nyamu w§, to commit 

Nyamu, intr, v., to fade in 
beau^, to become ugly, 
to deteriorate in manners 
or character 

Nyanda, pron., my own, 

Nyand§, adf,, pretty, beau- 
tiful, handsome, fine, 
valuable, good 

Nyande, tr, v., to adorn, to 
beautify, to improve 

Nyandegi, n., beauty, and 

Nyand^ngo, to be fine, good, 
nice. Nya li I nyandeni 
nya g^hii, lit. My heart 
is not at ease in my 
inside = I am sad, sorrow- 
ful, dejected. Nyandf 
nya va = good for me = 
to be cheap 

Nyangbf, plu. nyangbeida, 
n., bush goat, fox' (?), 
spotted wild cat 

Nyangfma and nyangoba, 
n,y eclipse. Nyang5m§ 
i ngalui h^ua 

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Nyanl, tr. v., to spoil, to 
decay, to break, to de- 
stroy, to become im- 
poverished. Nyaningo I 
If, incorruptible 

Nyanya, n., small sticks 
gathered from the burnt 
field or broken by hand 
for fuel 

Nyapo, n., girl, young 
woman, young lady 

Nyapo, v., to reach puberty, 
to become womanly, to 

Nyapoya, n., state of being 
a young woman 

Nya villi, jwon., myself 

Nya-wo, pron., my own 

Nye, plu. nyenga, n,, a 
fish. T nyei gegeisia gbi 
hou. Gbenye mla ? 

Nye^boma, n,, fishing-net 

Nye-g&, w., fish-scale 

Nyegbe hindQ or nyegbe- 
mo, n.y fisher 

Nyegi, tr. v., to mark, to 
stripe, to write, to draw, 
to print, to carve. Nye- 
gingo, it is written 

Nyegi, adj\, marked, drawn, 
painted in colours. Kola 
nyegi, speckled, dotted' 

Nyemegolu, n,, Mende iron ; 
a magic charm or fetish 

Nyene, n., liver 

Nyengbe,^ tr, v., to lop 
the branches of fallen 

Nyenye, adj., little, small. 
Nya lokoi nyenye bo gbi 

Nyenye, n., measles 

Nyepele, adv., a little while. 
Hfi nyepele 

Nyi, tr.v., to bite. Ba nya 
nyl; and nyl we. Nja- 
h6lf a ndende nyl 

Nyiko. See Nyoko 

Nylma, verb, n., bite 

Nyimi, tr. v., to step or 
tread upon ; to injure, to 
wrong. Ti nyamia ngi 
ma, to resist. Ti nyi- 
mima a gowo 

Njrimima, n., the place 
where something is trod- 
den upon; and adj., in- 
jured, wronged 

Nyi-mo, one who treads 
upon something 

Nylna, w., rat 

Nylna, with nyamu, n., evil 

Nylni, n., udder, bag, teats, 
breast, nipple 

Nylniya, n., breast-water 
= milk; def. st. nylni- 
yei. Nylniya nyaningo. 
Nasia ta nyini v| ndenga 

Nyo,' tr. v., to give, to re- 
compense, to bestowupon, 
to present with. Nyo a 
koloi n§r. Ngewo i bi 
nyQni ha 

Nyo, n., com 

Nyo, suffix, associate^ com- 
panion. Jianyo 

Nyogbfle or gbflingo, n., 
kuskus. Vai, wonye 

Nyogfi, n., husk of corn; 
sugar cane 

Nyogo, »., stalk of com 

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Nyogoin§,n.,camel. AWoru 

NyQhu, n., seed com 

Nyoko, plu. nyokofsia, n., 
kind, sort, maoDer; such 
things, such of like kind. 
De nyoko i peni wu hii ? 
What carefulness has it 
wrought in you ? 

Nyolen, inten, adv., very. 
Nje kolengo nyolen 

N^omoi, n., the present 
year. Nje i waa nygmoi 

NyonyQ, recip. pron,, each 
other, one another, one 

Nyiike, adf, , shaking, trem- 
bling. Ngi le i ye nyiike 

Nyiima, tr, v., to chew, to 
ruminate. Neglsia ta 
tawei nyiima, Americans 
chew tobacco. Ba nyii- 
ma, to move the jaw. 
Kikei a ngi ba hunyuma. 
Nyumango le 

0! interj\, an exclamation 

of surprise 
0, conj., if. Q nga p§l6. Used 

in betting 
Q, interrog. adv., where ? Q 

bi ke ? Where (is) thy 

conj. or Q . . . Q, corrella- 

tives, neither . . . nor. 

Hlnd5 ji Qua, this or that 
Q! inteiy. of strong disap- 
probation or dissuasion. 

Saa, no, by no means, 

on no account. Ba wa 
o, do not come 

Oho ! exclam. of pleasure at 
sudden remembrance or 
knowledge obtained 

Ombo ! exclam., reproof, re- 

Oya ! or oya maiye \ exclam., 
alas, sorrow, pity, grief, 

P = b = w, pa = ba = wa, 
po = wo, etc. 

Pa = ba = wa, tr. v., to 
kill. Halei i pa. The 
charm killed her. I nya 
ba, He killed me. Ngi 
wa va, to kill him ; to 
kill by capturing, as 
game; to destroy by 
cutting, as tambe; to win, 
as in a game ; to cut, as 
of tools; to spend, as 
time. Mu ngalu felf wa- 
ni na 

Pa, tr. v., to tell, to state, 
to narrate 

Pa, adv., describes drop- 
ping; as, a hite pa pa pa 

Pa, coming 

Pa, tr. v., to form, to organ- 
ize, as a society, party 

Paga, tr. v., to pay; n., 
wages, compensation 

Pall, w., channel, the 
deeper part of a river; 
n., depth. I pali hii 

Pali, n., pearl. I pali yfk- 
pea wokSli 

Pama, n., a large spotted 
amphibious li^rd 

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Pama, n., ignana 

Pamba, n,, screw pine 

Pamo, comer 

Pamo, w., destroyer 

Panda, adv,, well, properly; 
reduplicated. Panda- 
wanda, it is intensive, 
very well 

Pangi, adj., long and slen- 
der. Tife ke pangi pSngi 

Panya, plu. panyisia, n,, 

Papapoli, n,, grasshopper 

Papf sia, n., lilies 

Papiija, <idj\, spotted 

Para, in gbowa para, filled 
with madness 

Pata, n., silver, pieces of 
silver. I wa a pata nii 
gboyongo mahii pui. 
Pata navolsia, pieces of 
money. Ti pata nav5- 
isia wiimbu 

Pati, tr, V.J to make a stew 
of meat and vegetables. 
Tango bati 

Pawa, n,, mnd, mire 

Pawa, n., reward, pay, pay- 
ment ; and tr, v., to pay. 
A nya pawa lo. NgS ngi 
pawa. Bi ti pawa, and 
pawa w3 

Pe = we 

Pe, adv., quickly, suddenly. 
I gbia pe, at once 

Pe and pelf = we and welf , 
tr, v., to do, to make, to 
fulfil, to cause; to be 
done, made. I pe, he has 
done = he is guilty of it. 
I pei lo id, he has done 
fio. ' P$ kaka, make haste 

PS-a-li, n., the stick sup- 
porting the bait in a fall 

Pee, tr. v., to pateh 

Pegba, w., the name of the 
moon corresponding with 

Pegbia, n., a shrub 

Pegele, w., a herb used 

Pegi, ma pfgi lo na, if it 
were possible 

Pe-hinda = wf-hinda, do- 
ing, conduct, character, 
behaviour, custom, habit, 
manner of doing. Pe 
hinda nyamu, n., offence. 
Pe hInda sansan, n., 
sincerity, pureness 

Pfi = pen, adv., before, 
first. ' Pei-la, before, then' 

Peka = weka, def. st. pekei 
*=wfkel; plu. ipekcuag* 
= wekanga, pekaa = pe- 
ka = wf ka, pekelsia = 
wekeisia; other, Qthers; 
the one, the other; the 
remainder, the rest 

Pfia, tr. v., to throw as a 
spear, to fasten by throw- 
ing, to kneel; to stick 
up, to hoist, as kiila wii- 
lima, a flag ; to confirm 

Pela, tr. v., to complete, to 

Pf la, tr, v., to flee, to run 

Pe-la, house-mouth, i.e. 

Pfla-mo, one who flees, 

Pflf. /SeePf, todo^ 

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Pele, n., road, path, way, 

passage; means, occasion. 

Pele fele hokpei 
Pele, w., house ; a fish white 

in colour. Pele-bu-mo. 

Pele do-mo 
Pele, tr. v,, to cover, to lay 

npon, to stoop, to kneel. 

Used of animals. Pele 

ngi ma. Bi wele ndoi ma 
Pele-hlnda. See Pe-hinda 
Pelehii, n., acknowledgment 

with intercession. I pe- 

lehu 7ea 
Pelehu, adj., closing up. 

Pelehu boma 
Peli, n,, egg-plant 
Peln, adv., a large measure 

or degree. Nyg a mba 

pelu. Ti ngi wona peln 
Pelu, intens. adv., very. Ko- 

'lengo pelu-pf lu 
Pen, adv.l before, first in 

Pena, n., clay suitable for 

pottery. Pfna-gbale, 

potter's field 
Pfndege, n., early rice 
Pene,'n!, ringworm 
Pengo be, as it were, aa 

Peni-peni, adj\ pointed, 

taperingly. Ngafona pe- 

Pfpe, n., small kind of 

Pepe, adv. and adj.^ all, 

often, continually 
Pepeje, adv., completely, 

very much 
Pepe-jene, n., sauce from 

partly decayed pfpf 

Pepele, adj., long, pointed, 

tall! Miji pepelengo. 

Ngurui ke pele-p|le 
Pepo, n., the lever stick 

resting upon kakila and 

supporting kposo in a 

Petu, n., a kind of cricket, 

Pewe, n., a species of mason 

Pewulo, n., a small animal 

of the musk rat species 
Pi, adj., all through ; used 

with kpindi. I yii lo 

kpindi pi 
Pi, adv., very much. Fl- 

ndangopi. Inyaleweapi 
Pill, tr. v., to throw, to 

shoot, to spirt, to eject 
Pime, Mr. v., to run, run- 
ning. I ya a pime. Pime 

vofoi, a race 
Plnde, intr. v., to leap, to 

jump, to pass over. I 

jinji winde bei 
Pinde mo, n., jumper, 

Pindon, adv., steadily. I 

gbf le pindon 
Pinye, tr, v.', to open for- 
cibly (used of the eye, 

mouth, and hand) ; to cut 

away. I ndogbo wiilo 

lek^ binyeni 
Piwi, n., porcupine 
Piwi kpa, n., porcupine 

Piya, n., small basket, used 

by fisherwomen to hold 

Po, adj., multiplied by 

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natural increase. Nj§ 

Po, adv., far away, distant. 
Mia po. I ya mia po 
po po. I 11 kenyei hil 

Po, tr, v., to cut down with 
an axe ; used with nwono, 
denotes repetition of the 
act. I ngi nwonaa po 
po. Po i giila, cut it 
down, or make it fall 

Po = wo = wu, tr, v., to 

Poe, w. and adj\, adultery; 
adulterous. Po§ - gbia 
hinda. Poemo, adulterer 

Poelo, w., bastard, illegiti- 
mate child 

Po-kpa, v., a clearing with 
trees felled 

Pogoi, «., a species of wild 
cat larger than nyangbe 

Po-hani, n., that received by 
inheritance, inheritance 

Po-hani-jo-mo, n., heir 

P5iyara, n., mat woven with 
twisted threads, made by 

Poju, adj\, elastic, tough 

Poka, n., hoof 

P6ka hiia, n., hoofed 

Poko, tr, v., to imitate, to 
copy, to make good; n., 


P6kpa, def. st. pokai 

Po-kpele, w., the time for 
cutting trees, preparatory 
to sowing grain 

PQla? Tenga ti polai, See 

Mende Keading-book, p. 

Pola, tr. and intr,, to spring, 
as a trap ; to mistake, to 
miss the mark. ngi 
bola, Oh. I have made a 
mistake I 

Pole, adf,, dried up, dead. 
Used of abortive gains 

Pole, w., pus from the 

Polewe. ... I ndoi bolewea 

Polf, n,, a kind of fish ' 

P61o, tr. v., to twist slightly 
by rolling 

Polo = poro, n,, earth, soil 

Pol6n, adv. ,far, only. I ya 
pbton. Ngi hitia be po- 
t6n,* always, from of old ; 
altogether; rather 

Polove, w., dust-bin 

Poma,' 71., corpse, dead body 
of any kind. Pomagana, 
n., coffin 

P5ma, prep, adv., behind, 
after, for, absent, with- 
out; n., back, exterior, 
outside. Poma nyan- 
d§ngo kohu nyamungo- 
ke i ye'ylo ti Jf tale 
woma. Hinda = nyamu 
gbi i gbiani pomo 

Poma-mo, follower, dis- 

Pqdl (?^ to promise. I pon 
niigboyongo ye. He pro- 
mised to give twenty, or 
pon pSle ponei nugbo- 
yongo ndenda va, twen^ 
pongs for a canoe 

Pon, intens, adv. NJQmbo 

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Pgna, tr. v., to straighten ; 
adj., straight 

Ponda, n., the fruit of a 
tree used in marking the 

Ponde, tr. v., to pinch or 
cut off with the finger- 

Pgndi, n., prepuce, foreskin 

Pondo, w., the moon corre- 
sponding with December 

P$ndo, w., slave child 

Pond6-lo, n,, orphan 

P^ndSya, n,, slavery, 

Po ngiiru, w., a tree cut 

Ponje, tr. v,, to pull away, 
to wrest from; to strip 
off, as leaves. I ponjea 
ngi yeya 

Pono, tr, v., to suck 

Ponu, n., a plant with 
broad leaves and red 
pods growing from the 
root containing acid 

P$nyaha, n,, wife by m- 
heritance, the widow of 
a deceased relative 

P9pa, n., pond, pool, puddle, 
ditch, lake 

P$pa wa, w., lake, lagoon 

Pop?, tr, v., to carry on the 
back, as a child ; intr, v., 
to be swift, to be saved. 
Miningo p9po va. Ti p6- 
pOngo nama wu va 

Popblf, n., a skin disease 
that destroys the pig- 
ment in spots 

Poponda, n.,a sweet-scented 

leaf in which fish are 

wrapped for roasting 
PQponye, tr. v., to pulverize 

by heating, to break in 

small pieces by falling 
Poro, n., the great secret 

society of the men 
Poro = pQlo,n., soil, ground, 

earth, dust. PQroge,that 

which is earthy 
Pgro-bill, n., Poro marks 

upon the back of members 
Pgro-haka, n., earthen 

Pgro-kpuna, »., lumps of 
sun-baked earth 

Poro-ve, n., an African 
earthen pot 

Poro-yafa, n., Pgro-devil, 
impersonation of their 
ruling spirit 

P^tf, tr, v., to turn, to 
change, to translate, to 
answer. Ti potea a ngO 
yakpe, turn round, hence 
to repent, to reply. P6tf 
mani, need of change or 

Pote, 7? ., a seed used for food 

Pote and pot!, intens. adv,, 
very. Kiil^ngo pote, very 

Pote, tr, v., to mash by 
squeezing in the hand 

Pote-mo, n., interpreter 

PotI, n., wine from ndiivu 
wova (it flows abun- 
dantly, but is not sweet) ; 
a treacherous woman 

Pgto, tr, v., to squeeze and 
mash with the hand, like 

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Poto mbe, (tdv.^ at all 

Poto-poto, n., soft mud, 

Pova, intr, v., to float 

Pove, intr, v., to tnm back 

P^wa, adj, and n., grey; 
flower. Ngtiru bbwa. 
Powoi, grey hair 

Po wele, to cut Wood 

Powi,' n., reed 

Powo, w., pigeon, dove 

Pow5, n,y sad; light, not 
heavy, unsubstantial, of 
little influence, dis- 
graced, adulterous. Powo 
yla le, blasphemous lan- 

Powo, adj. and n., heavily. 
Ngi yii lo powo, any- 
thing of unusual size. 
Powo wai ji 

Powo, n., drops of dew that 
fafl from the trees 

Powo-mo, n., vagabond 

P5wo, interj,, woe ! 

P5wo-bonda, n., adulterous 

Powoge, adj., foolish ; 
masterly way, manner 

Powo-hinda, n., unclean- 

Powongo, to be accursed 

Poya* plo- poyelsia, n., a 
thick water-turtle, tor- 

Pgya-b9lo, w., shell of the 
poya used in the Poro 

Poyia, 7?., a word which the 
people of old left to us, 

Pii, def. St. piii ; . plu. pua, 
piiisia; num. adj\, ten. 

PUge, ordin., the tenth 
also p^gelf 

Pii and pupii. Mens, adv, 
very; as, kSlengo piipiij 
very white 

Pii = wu = bii, tr. v., to putj 
to add. Ti punga ngi 
wii-mba. They put it on 
his head. To throw out 
= to spit; to pull out. 
Piia-kpia lo, shall be 
rooted out. To lay, as 
eggs. Ta ngalu wii na 
lolu, ke ti tengo ta pii 
s&wa lek§ 

Pu, n., the cavity in an 
ants' nest underground 
where they store food 

Pu, tr. v., to put, to pour, 
to spill, to spit, to sow 
and cover the seisd 

Pii, w„ European 

Pu, adv., suddenly, quickly. 
Used of making egress. 
I gbia pu 

Piibii, intr, v., to fly as birds 
and insects 

Ptt-dolu, n., cocoa-nut = 
white man's nut 

Pii-gbolo, n,, white man's 
salt => sugar 

Pu-gipo gale, a grain of 
mustard seed 

Piija, tr, v., to dig, to loosen 
the soil as in tillage, to 

Piije, n., pepper 

Piije-vofo, w., a small insect 
that, flying into the eye, 
causes a smarting pain 
like that of pepper 

Piikpia, tr, v., to uproot, to 

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Rluck up by the roots. 
Nguru ji wukpia 
Pula, adv., flashingly. 

Ngombni a vo pula 
Pule, intr. v,,_ to burst. 
Sani bulia. I buleni, to 
cry suddenly. I bulea a 
Pu-lo-hu, in white man's 

Pulu, n., bowels, guts 
Pulu-wui, n., pine-apple 
Puma, plu. pumesia, i.q. wu- 
ma, wumesia/w., storing- 
place. Puma I ti yeya, 
kpuya I ti yeya 
Pumo, n,, white man, A 
term applied to all edu- 
cated persons, white or 
Pumu, n., the place where 

something is put down 
Pumumo, n., a person whose 

eyes are dim 
Pundi, n., mosquito 
Pupende, »., water-lily 
Pupu, n., small red ants; 
intern, adv,, very, as, 
kolengo pupu 
Pupuni, 71., pelican 
Puru dolu = pu-dglu 
Puru-gbuko, n., white 

man's bed 
Puru-nyenye, n., intestines 
Puru mo, w., white person 
Puru wa, n., gut 
Puru-yia, n., language of 

white people 
Puu, adv.y dimly. A hani 

do ke puu 
Pu-yla, n., white man's 
language. Ngi l$ni bi 

na w5te pu yla hti, I want 
you td translate this into 


The letter r never com- 
mences a word in the 
dialect we have adopted ; 
there is, however, adialect 
in which I is heard instead 
of r, as ro = lo. The 
custom is very general, 
so that either letter may 
be chosen. In cases 
where r is found within 
the word, the word itself 
is adopted from other 
languages, or is dropped 
in Mende; as, Kara, to 
teach, is more frequently 
contracted into Ka 

Euma = luma, to be willing, 
to yield, to consent to 

Eumbe, to be noisy in 
talking^ to bawl out, to 


S=j, sa=ja 

SSr =ja, sa or ja-h&ni, n., 
sacrifice, offering; sacri- 
ficial. SSr gbia, tr, v., to 
offer a sacrifice 

Sa, adv., quickly, at onoa 
Hije sa, got up at once 

Sdbu,* n., good conduct, 
kindness. Wu sabu gQ ? 
ungrateful (?) 

Sdgblala, verb, n,, sacri* 

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Sagblama, n,, the place 
where the sacrifice is 
offered = altar 

Sago and Sao, adv., no, not. 
Sdgo ngi mamani 

Saha = sasa, adv. and adj., 
clearly, plainly ; clear, 
bright, just, true, righ- 

Sahein, adv., freely, openly ; 
and sahai. lye sahai, it 
may be sure 

Sahu, n., protection, help, 
assistance. A pe lo 
Ngewo jahu 

Saja,*w., an open basket, 
either large or small 

Saki, n., dagger ; pointed 

Saki-ha-mo, a person killed 
or dying by a dagger 

Saki-mo, n., a person pos- 
sessed of a dagger 

Sala, adv., equally to all. 
A kokole wu gbi lia 

Sale, n., parable, illustra- 
tion, similitude, proverb. 
I sale hea 

Sali, n.', fiin, sport.. I sale 
giilao, levity. Ngi sali 
lo gulani ? 

Sa-lo, n., the name given 
to* the first-bom of twins 

Salo and sarQ, n,, sweet 

Salon, Sierra Leone 

Sama, n., a person of rank 
through wealth or power, 
headman, chief ; an 
agreement by which meat 
is divided, each pur- 
chaser agreeing to pay 

a definite sum within a 
specified time 

Sama-hani, n., genteel con- 
duct, behaviour 

Sama lakpao or sama lagba 
lo, plu. samalaga lolsia, 
young nobleman, prince, 
person of rank 

Samba = jamba, tr. v., to 
give or send a present 
to a friend. Also with 

Samba, n., a broad open 
basket, lily, a present ; a 
leading Sande member 
who, dressed in leaves, 
appears in the town and 
assembles the girls for 

Sambele, n., a kind of vege- 
table sauce, a palaver 

Sambo, tr. v., to disgrace, 
to dishonour, to shame, 
to reproach; shameful 

Sande, n., the great female 
society into which nearly 
all girls are initiated 
and receive new names; 
a religious institution 
in which females are in- 
structed in singing, draw- 
ing, and other things, and 
undergo some kind of 

. circumcision. The Sande 
is to females what the 
Po or Poro is to males 
(see Koelle's Vai Gram- 
mar, p. 209) 

Sande-jowo, n., the Sande 
member of highest rank 

Sande-yiiO, n., one whose 


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Sande initiation is just 

Sangama, n,, tripod nsed 
in supporting a weaver's 

Sangba, n,, bunch, as of 
b^ads in the market 

Sangba, n., a conical drum 
lieat with the hand 

Sange, adv., lately 

Sangi, adv., quickly, soon. 
Nga pe lo sangi 

Sani, w.,* bottle, vial, jar, 
decanter, lamp chimney 

Sansanb^Ia, those that are 
perfect or sanctified 

Sansangg, n., ancerity 

Sansango le, to be sancti- 

Saofyaka, n,, south 

Sapele, n., the space be- 
tween the two upper 
front teeth 

Sapinda, an English word, 

Sasa (see Koello's Vai 
Grammar, p. 210), a 
musical instrument in 
which large beads are 
fastened; also called y&sa 

Sasalo, n., a kind of bush 
fowl like kgkoye, but 
having red legs 

SasI, fr. v., to treat con- 
temptuously, to ridicule 

Sat9, n., a plant used for 

Sawa, n,, law. rule of action, 
commandment. Sawalsia 

Sawa, num. adj., three. 
Sawa^^le, the third 

Sawa, f i, n., great man 

Sawe, io b^ lawful. I sawf 

ma lo. 1 sawe ma 
Sawo, neg, adv,, no 
Se. adv., very much. Ngi 

ngi maneni lo sf. Se, n., 

a while 
Se, indef. pron., same; as, 

ta se, the same 
Se, n.', thanks. I se-gbia 

ngi ma mehei va. To 

congratulate, ngi se-gbia 

bi ma ka. Ke mahei i 

se-gbia nde nya-loi 'ma 

ndengo va. Then the king 

congratulated his brother 

concerning his daughter 

and her children 
Segbiila, n., a rattle formed 

of a calabash with a loose 

netting of beads 
Sege, sewe, adj., clean, pure, 

just, upright. Ngi li ya 

Segengo, to be pure 
Seini, w., calloo 
Seje, tr, v., to slice thinly 
Seje, n., a small kind of 

porcupine having long 

spines or quills upon his 

Sejia, tr. v., to shake. Fefei 

i tifesia jejia 
Sekenaa, ei, n., graveyard, 

Sekpende, n., a greyish 

Sekiilo« n., a fleet speckled 

Sele, se, adj. and adv., the 

same; surely, well, some 


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Sell, w., witness; witnessing. 
S§li hou, to bear witness 
Sell* 71., Mahommedan 

Seli, n., banana 

Selimo, n., a witness. Seli 
hei Willi, w., judgment- 
seat. Sell hinda, w., judg- 
ment. Sell hinda pe, to 

Seli-yala, w., a mat upon 
which a Mahommedan 
always kneels in prayer 

Sema, n., a tree 

S^male, w., fresh, clean palm 
oil ' 

Sembe, adj., of medium 
size, neither large nor 
small ; more, most 

Sembengo, w., to be grown 

Seme, n,, a house with open 
sides for public assem- 
blies ; barrie, in Mampa 

Semela, n,, bench 

Semomo, w., brother of the 
husband, or sister of the 
wife or husband 

Sen, adv. J completely. Fande 
i gboyoa sen; certainly 

Sfnde, intr.'v.y to run in 
streams, to pour 

Sendu or Sondu, tr, v., to im- 
precate evil from a fetish 
or other representative 
of spirits, to curse 

Sene, n., food from fish or 
meat caused to partly 
decay before being used 

Sene or seneu, v., expresses 
desire to greet by shaking 

Sengbe, w., cock's comb 
Sengbe, n., aside, askance 
and with a frown. Ba 
nya gbele a jengbe 

Sengbele,*aG?v., reluctantly, 
with dragging footsteps 

Senge, adv., loudly. Ndopoi 
a gbao senge 

Senge-senge, adj.y collected, 
Mgneisia ti nya ya senge- 

Sewe, n., Mahomedan amu- 
let usually consisting of 
extracts from the Koran 

Sewiilo, 72., a small animal 

Si, 71., the palm nut or ivory 
top spun in the game of 

Sia, tr. v., to rub over, to 
anoint, to paint,to amuse; 
n., ointment 

Sla-wiilo, n.y ointment 

Siha, tr. v., to lend, to bor- 
row. Nya jiha a hani 
ji. Bi hani ji jiha nya 
a yeya 

Sikili,' adj. and ado., many, 
numerously, thickly. Mbe 
wu sikili. Konga yando 

Sikoude, ti., a small bird 
having a varied plumage 
and pleasing song 

Sikpe, 71., testicle greatly 
enlarged by elephantiasis 

Sila, adv., entirely, com- 
pletely, fully 

Silo, n.y spider 

Sil5-bete, 7i., a staging built 
against the inside of the 
barricade for workmen 

Silo-boma, n.^ spider's net 

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Silo-lando (ndando) spider's 

Silo lo gba-mo, the spider 
burns his farm ; the name 
given to the whirlwind 

Silo-ta, w., spider's town, 

Simongama, n., incest 

Sina, w., to-morrow; but also 
used for an indefinite 
future time 

Sina ndamhuai, n,, the day 
after to-morrow 

Sim, n., a small insect that 
causes certain cutaneous 

Sinji and tsintsi, w., plate, 

Sipa, n., a stick used to 
raise and move forward 
long grass or shrubs as 
they are cut, lever 

Sipe, adj,, large, heavy 

Sio, exclam. of slight, con- 
tempt = never mind, do 
not care 

So =jo 

So = jo, tr, v., to receive, to 
get, to obtain 

So, n., horse. See Mende 
'Vocabulary (1874) 

So, n., small cicatrices made 
in lines or patterns upon 
the body for beauty 

So, adv., quite to, all the 
way, as far as. Bi hitii 
lo te hii so? 

So, n'y spirit, temper, dis- 
position, heart 

So, def. St. soe and soei. Ke 
ti wa a s6i ngi y|,* Then 
they came with the horse 

to him = they brought, 
etc. ; and i he so^i mahu 

SQgbe, tr, v., to examine 
closely by looking, to 

Sogbo, adf., plenty, many. 
Ti ninanga malea sogbo 

So-ha, n,, mare 

Sg-hani, what is obtained, 
possessions, goods, trea- 

So-hina, »., stallion 

Soi, adv,y whole. I ti doni 
fo yela SQi 

Soi-ioi', as, wu jia a soisoi, 
walk circumspectly 

Sojo, n,, hiccough 

Sqjo, tr. v., to force in, to 
stuff, to calk, to charge 

Sokele, n., a small sparrow- 
like bird, several of which 
seem to dwell in the same 

Soki, adv., high, loftily. 
*Ndavengo soki. gi 
wHndie felenga soki 

Soko, tr'. v., to sew with 
"long stitches, to baste 

Sgkole-giilu, n., a flock of 
s5k5le; the seven stars 
called Pleiades 

Soko, n., Mahommedan 
charm, amulet or fetish 
worn upon the neck 

Sgku, adj., crooked, wind- 
ing, bent Pelei jokungo 

Sokuihii,nja-jokui, n.,cape 

Sgle, n., tar, the odour of fish 
and other water animals 

Sole, n. and v., noise, sound, 
shout; to sing loudly, to 
shout over 

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Solema, n,, loudly adver- 
tising the wickedness or 
reputed character of a 
person. Ta solema w^ 

Solema-mo, n,, one who 
loudly sings or foolishly 

Soli, w., prepuce, foreskin 

Solimp, n., a man not cir- 

So-lo, n., young horse; and 
so-yio, w., colt 

Sols, adj., young, immature. 
Nwoni joloisia 

Solo, n,, the style of shaving 
the head except a small 
portion upon the crown 

Solo, adv., by the side of, 
touching the next one 

Solo, tr. v., to get, to obtain, 
to receive, to marry. I 
nyaha joa 

Solo, n., getting, obtaining, 
possessing, reception, 

Solo-hani, w., possessions, 

Solo-kpondi, n., small red 
glass beads 

Solo nyamu, adj., evil, dis- 
honest, treacherous 

Sglo-wanda, adj., good, 
honest, upright 

Sgmbo, tr. v., to assemble, 
to meet together; con- 
vened. Mu jomboa hinde 

Sombu, n., a, small animal 
whose bones are highly 
valued as amulets or 

Sgmo, n., stomach or crop 
of birds 

Son, adv., entirely 

Sgnde, n., Sunday, sabbath 

SQude, n., an expression of 
contempt, made by draw- 
ing air through the teeth 

Sondo, n., noose made with 
sliding knot; to shut 
with a noose ; to tie, as 
the mouth of a bag, to 

Sondo-bolo, n., bag closed 
with a sliding string 

Sondo-higbe or sondo gohii 
gbale, n., dysentery 

Sgndu, n. and v., impreca- 
tion, curse ; to imprecate, 
to curse by a fetish 

Sondu, tr. v., to pluck fruit 
with a pole, to thrust, to 
pierce with a spear 

Sondu-gbia, tr. v., to recall, 
to curse; the curse im- 

Sondu gonu, n., a native axe 
inserted as a chisel into 
a long handle for cutting 
palm nuts 

Sondu-wua, tr. v., to swear 
upon a fetish, to curse by 
a fetish, to imprecate evil 
upon through the power 
of a fetish 

Songba, n. and v., bill, beak ; 
to pick, to eat as a bird, 
to snatch 

Songba, nga giila, n., an 
ejaculatory supplication 
to the spirits, used by 
members of the Pgro 
when in danger of falling 

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Songo, ^rcjp., instead of; 
thing of equal value, just 
return, recompense. Nga 
isgngoi yama lo. Ti so- 
ngo yama wu we 

Sgnya, adv., slowly, heavily. 
A hije Sony a 

Sonya, v, and 7^., to mildew; 

So-nyanu, adj., bad, evil, 
ugly, vicious 

Sowi, adv., too near. I loi la 

Sowi, tr, v., to fear. I jowia 
ngi ma 

Sowo = BOO = sowa, n., the 
chief ruler in a society, 
as the Sande 

Sowo or Sande nga gula, 
n., an ejaculatory suppli- 
cation to the spirits, used 
by members of the Sande 
when in danger of falling ; 
the same as songba, nga 
giila, above 

So-yekpe, adj.^ good, kind, 
favourable, trustworthy 

Su = ju 

Su, n., fast, as held by 
Mahommedans, who ab- 
stain from food by day, 
but eat at night 

Siia, n. and adj., lascivious- 
ness ; lascivious. Siia 

Subu, def. St. siibui; plu. 
siibua and siibuanga, 
siibuisia ; (tiger) lion. 
Niimu gbi e giia kpia la* 
ngiye ma na subu ngi 
makeni, No one is able to 
take it down except such 

a one as a lion has brought 

Subu-ha, def. st. subu hei, 
n., lioness 

Siibu-hina, def. st. hinei, 
n.y lion 

Siiesiie, adj., upright, vir- 
tuous, chaste, circum- 

Siigbe (notMende), w.,camel 

Siigbu, n., tiger 

Siigbu, n., a cutaneous 
disease appearing in a 
whitish, itching corrup- 

Suhi, masc. suha, n, fem., 
horse. Suhlna;siihinanga 

Sii-hou, tr. v., to fast, ob- 
serve a fast 

Siii, adv., completely, no- 
thing omitted. I kpgyoa 
a njie le la siii 

Siika, w.,'a kind of fetish 
used for obtaining wealth 

Siikulu = jiikulu, tr. v., to 
squander, to spend fool- 
ishly, to waste 

Siile, n., waterfall, rapids ; 
to run noisily 

Siile, tr. v., to smart, as the 
pain from pepper applied 
to the skin 

Siisii, adj, deep. Nje sii- 
sungo, secretive. Ngi 
gohui siisungo 

Siiwa, n., an ambuscade. 
A siiwa hei pele hii 

Siiwa-wa, n., one supposed 
to possess so powerful 
a fetish that he dares 
with impunity the power 
of other fetishes 

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Ta, pron.j 3 per., neg., he, 
she, it not; they not, 
they must not. Ko ta 
nde nu gbi ma. That 
they should not tell any 

Ta, proTi., 3 per., he, she, it ; 
they. Ta lo a, he it is 
who. Ta lo a nyaha jo 
lo, he it is = the same, 
shall have the. woman. 
Ta lo, expressive of de- 
sign or consequence, that 
he may ; so that 

Ta, conj., and. Tamo yela 
ta boilopoi, a certain man 
and (his) servant 

Ta, contraction for ta ta, 
also for ta ya. Koloi 
ta ji 

Ta, def. st. tei = da, dei, n., 
town, nest, burrow, 
honeycomb, skull, blad- 
der, scabbard. Tfisia and 
tateisia, towns,* coasts, 
regions. Ta jisia ta telsia. 
They went from town to 
town. Generally with wa, 
great. Ta loni, they 
built. Ta-wai-mo, plu. 
.b61a, w., citizen. Tade, 
n. citizen; plu., tadesia. 
Ke tadisia ngi dei hu. 
But the citizens of his 

Ta, prep.f with 

Ta, def. st. tai = da, dai, n., 
calabash; also taga, n,, 

Tabao, conj., neither 

Tadi, n., citizen 

Tagba, adj., fermented, 

sour from fermentation, 

Tagbale, n., town's broom, 

Tagbango, it is sour 
Tagbasa, w., an unbarri- 

caded town 
Tagoko, 71., a desolated 

town with the houses 

Taja, 7^., a bat intermediate 

in size between ndeve 

and toka 
Take, adv,, describes the 

dropping of water. A 

hite take-take 
Takpa, adv., continually. 

Nje a ve lo takpa 
Tala, adj., green, unripe, 

Tala, intr. v., to creep as a 

child. Ndolai a iala 
Talo w., grandchild 
Tama, adj., foolish, prodi- 
gal, vain 
Tama, n., disappointment, 

deception. Wa tama de 

nya ma 
Tama-hinda, n., foolishness, 

prodigality, vanity 
Tama-mo, w., a person 

who acts foolishly, pro- 
Tambe, n., thorny ratten, 

a species of palm 
Tambo, tr. v., to stretch, to 

straighten. Bi lokoi 

lamb5, ke i tambonga 
Ta-mia, that is it, so it is ; 

conj,, therefore 

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Tando-wulu, n., cotton 

Tanga, w., cassada 

Tani, intens. adv., com- 
pletely. Nje a ye kpiti 
ma tan! 

Tao, adj., describes the taste 
not quite pleasant 

Tara, adj., slow in accepting, 
unwilling to believe 

Tara-bania, n,, creeping 

Taso, n., the chief of the 

Ta-ta, he and he = together 

Tato, tr. v., to praise, com- 
mend ' 

Tato, tr. v., to begin, to 

Tatoma, n., beginning, com- 
mencement, origin 

Tau, def. st. taui, plu. taua, 
taulsia, num. adj., nine 

Taugele, ordin. num., the 

Tava, adj., shrivelled, tough, 
emaciated. Niimui ke 

Tave, n., tobacco pipe 

Tawa, n., tobacco. Tawa- 
vuka, tobacco ground = 

Tawa, n., forehead, gable, 
brow of a hill 

Taya tayeisia, n., tares 

Te, vron., 3 per. plu., neg. 
(?), they not, they can or 
will not 

Te = de, def. st. lei = 
dei ; plu. tea = dea, and 
tenga, tengelsia; domes- 
tic fowl 

Te, pers. pron.^ neg., they ; 
affirm., te 

Te, tr. v., to raise up, to 
elevate, to go up, to 
climb, to leap upon, lift 

Te, adv., almost, nearly; 
intens., te te te, indicat- 
ing continued action 

Te, n,, game of skill played 
with seeds upon the 

Te, adj., little; as, 15 te, 
leave a little, a little is 

Tebe, n., a leathern girdle 
of oval form 

Tee, they saying, saying 

Tegale, n., seed used in 
playing te 

Tegbo, n., a kind of sore 
that affects the toe 

Tego, tr. v., to play te 

T|goko, n., a piece of wood 
with twelve cup-shaped 
hollows in two parallel 
rows, upon which te is 

Teguli, (John viii. 3) 

Te-ha, n., hen 

Te-hina, plu. hinanga, n., 
cock. Te hiuei g^kolfa. 
The cock is crowing * 

Tehii, adj., disobedient, in- 

Tehu gbia, tr. v., to dis- 
obey, to transgress 

Tehii we, tr. v., to disobey 

Tfina, n., a grown-up girl, 
a young woman. Tfiua 
and tenina, n., a virgin 

Tf inaya, n., virginity 

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Te-jingbe, «., comb of a 

Tfka, n., coal of fire; a 
whitish film over the 
pupil of the eye, darken- 
ing the sight ; coal 

Teka, tr, y., to burn. Kpu- 
nye a deka 

of the spirit at the grave 
a few days after inter- 

Tekpe, n., basket with 

Tekpe-w5-mo, contracted 
from tekpe-wopo-mo, 
one who carries a basket 

Teli, tr, v, and adj,, to 
blacken; black 

Tell ndiiwu, w., black skin 

Tellngo, to be black. Tell- 
mo, w., black person. 
Telingo kpi, very black 

Tema, temba, tr. v., to heap 
up. PQwi demba. Mb§ 
fayango dema, to collect. 
Navo demba 

Temba', n., sharpened sticks 
or /rise set in a ditch 
for defence 

Temu, tr. v., to decide in 
favour, to allow the claim, 
to acquit, to justify in 
court. Tl bi demuni. 
Ti bia lo lemuni 

Temu, n., imaginary small 
beings in human form, 
supposed to dwell in the 

Temu-gale, n,, an article 
given in acknowledging 
the accusation and soli- 

citing pardon. Temu le, 
to be in the right 

Tende, n., long red stone 
bead made in the inte- 

Tende, n., banana 

Tene, w., Sunday as ob- 
served in the interior of 
the country 

Tenga, adj., some; part., 
correl. some . . . some. 
Lenga . . . lenga 

Tenga, adv., perhaps; it may 
be. Tenga a 11 lo. Nga 
lenga we foloi gbi, I do 
some every day 

Tenga, prep., towards. Wa 
nya denga 

T^nga, adj. and adv., an 
equal ; peer ; opposite. 
Ngurui i te tenga. Tenge 
lo, over against 

Tenga, plu. of te, fowl 

Tenga-joa, n,, partakers. 
Tengo jo, to partake 

Tengoma, n., lump, mass 

Tenina-pu, n., the ten 

Tenjama, n., worship of the 
spirit with an offering of 
food on the third day 
after the interment of a 
female, and on the fourth 
day after the interment 
of a male 

Tete, tr. v., to hatch, as eggs ; 
to crack with light 
strokes, as nuts 

Tete, 71., vulva 

Tetele, adj., shallow, simple. 
Ngi nemahii ye tetele 

Teteni, ^contracted from 

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teteweni, intens, of tewe, 
cut np into small pieces 

Teve, adj., thin 

Teve-leve, very thin 

Tevi, tr, v., to bum to black- 

Tevi, n., medicine from 
spiders' webs blackened 
by smoke 

Tevijo, n., painting upon 
the skin in black by 
cutting and rubbing with 
a certain leaf 

Tewe and tee, n., forbidden 
food. Menei ji tewe mu 
va. I njie lewe nu ive 

T§we, tr, v., to cut, to cut 
off, to circumcise; to cross 
over, to pass by, to live 
through, to decide, to 
judge, to overcome. Mu 
lewema ejo, we overcame, 
we triumphed. Tewema 
gbayei, the excellency of 
the power 

Tewe, 71., bush-goat 

Tewema, tr. v., to surpass, 
to' excel. I dewea ngi 

Tewe-mo, n., cutter, reaper 

T|we ndia, tr, v., to cut 
asunder or in the midst ; 
to cut, severing the body 
at a stroke 

Tewengo, conj\, moreover. 
*Ke tewengo ji ma, but 
besides ' this. Me ye 
nyamu tewengo, we are 
not the' worse; more 
especially. Followed by 
ma, it expresses the com- 

Tf we-tewe, intens. v., to cut 

Tewe-wele, n., access. Ma 

tewe w^le joa 
Tewu,' n., plialm nuts 
T|wu yombe, w., immature^ 

undeveloped palm nuts 
Tewui, n,, wild cow, large 

black and red 
Tl, pron., 3 per. plu., neg., 

they not, did not 
Ti, pron., 3 per. plu., affirm., 

they, theirs, them 
Ti, n., island; chief of a 

town or country. Te ji i 

tl lo mi? Tl-hu, on an 

Tl&fpron,, 3 per. plu., they. 

Tia lo yima 
Tie, pron,, 3 per. plu., used 

with a preceding, a tif , 

Tifa, plu. tifanga, n., leaf, 

grass, shrub, gourd. Olea 

riei, the castor-oil plant 
Tigbe, n., steel 
Tigbl, tr. v., to lean upon ; 

to bring to the shore, as a 

canoe ; to land 
Tigbima, n,, landing-place 
Tijo, n,, a hard wood tree 
Tika-trka, adv., softly, 

softly; staggeringly. A 

jia tika-tika 
Tikpo, r>., cane, staff of 

authority, reed 
Tikpo, tr. v., to debate, to 

Tila, w.,hale wai, made from 

the end of an elephant's 

Tili, adj., describes the taste 

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of certain nnripe fruits. 
Sell ke till. Tilitilingo, 
sour, unripe fruits 

Timi-timi, adj., numb. Ngi 
lokoi i ye timi-timi 

Tin, adv., closely, steadily, 
earnestly. A nya gbele 

Tinda, pron., 3 per. plu., 
their own 

Tin do, n., a bird 

Ting6, 71., a spirit repre- 
sented to be in the form 
of a woman with long 
hair and dwelling in the 
water; mermaid 

Tingon, adv.y attentively. 
Ta wolo tingon 

Tiso = diso, intr, v., to 

Titill, adj., speechless ; to be 
of a heavy heart ; tough 
and yielding. Bogbo ye 

Titimi, n., cramp 

Ti-ti-ti, intens. adv., used 
with "hugbindi," repre- 
sents the deafening sen- 
sation produced by a loud 

Tiva, adj., describes the 
shaking of a leaf. Agbeli 

Tivo, tr. v., to dent ; turned 
in, as the flesh cut by a 
dull knife 

Tiwi, tr. v., to close the 
hand or eye ; to wrap in a 
parcel. Ti yamelsia ti 
tiwia, Their eyes have 
they closed 

TiwI, w. and adj., parcel, 

package, bundle ; tied up, 

TiwI, some kind of fruit ; as, 
ta tlwl me 

Tiwo, n., the terminal grow- 
ing leaf yet unrolled. 
Mana llwo 

Tlye = tewf , n., abstinence, 
and the articles of food 
deemed forbidden 

To, tr. v., to increase acute- 
ness of smell by apply- 
ing stimulants to a dog^s 

To, tr. v., to see, to perceive, 
to feel, to suffer. Mone i 
nyadoa.. To = do; toni = 
doni. Ngi tonga, I have 
seen. I nya donga. He has 
seen me. Wabitova. Na 
mu toa a mu yamelsia. Na 
lek^ mia le ni tonga, that 
only it is = that is all I 
have seen 

T5, tr. v., to send. Ngi bi 
donga, I have sent thee. 
Ngi ngi toma lo tei hii. 
To follow with woma, as 
it were to see one's back. 
To nya woma, follow me. 
To point, to aim, to point 
out. To put in, to give, as 
the breast to a child. Bi 
nyoni do ngi la. To stand, 
to piake to stand, hence 
to erect, to build, to 
edify. To light a torch, 
to bring up as a goat, 
tanjedo. To mould from 
clay,*ta fe do. To raise 
upon the skin, soi do nya 

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To or towele, w., house bnilt 

. over the grave in worship 
of the dead 

Tggbe,w., young, immature : 
as, nika dggbe. I togbei, 
the younger. Applied to 
living beings 

To^bo, tr, v., to soak, to boil 
till very soft 

Togbiii,>., persons called by 
the same name; men 
whose wives are sisters 

Tohani, w., domestic ani- 
mals, creatures. NuDga 
ta, tahu dohani me lo 

Tohani mahu-gbe-mo, w., 
keeper of cattle, etc. 

Tohani-mo, w., owner of 

Tohani wama, w., the place 
where creatures are 

Tohe, tohee, and tohene, 
intr, v., to cough; n,, 
cough. I dohenea 

Tohe-gale, n., mucus ejected 
by coughing 

Tohe ma, coughing. Nya 
nyaha loi lo doheni 

Tohii, n.j corner, hip-joint 

Toje, adv.y forcibly. I nya 
h|ia toje 

Toka, w., a large bat 
measuring across the 
wings about eighteen 

Toke, adv., softly, noise- 
lessly, quietly, secretly 

Toko, w., hand, paw, fore- 
foot, arm 

Toko-hina, lit. male finger, 
i,e, thumb 

Toko hii hoa, closed = il- 
liberal hand 

Toko la, n., wrist 

T6k5 ma viili, n., finger- 

Toko-woma, outer or back 
of the hand 

Toko wongo, an open = 
liberal hand 

Toko-yio, w., finger, thumb 

Tgkpo, w., palm tree pro- 
ducing the oil and kernels 
of commerce 

Tgkpo-lo, n.f palm wine, the 
sap of the tree drawn out 
and fermented, leaven 

Tgkpo-vale, n., mushroom 
growingupon the roots of 
the palm tree 

Tgkpiila, w., stem, bottom, 

Tola, w., bean 

Tola, w., tunnel, funnel 

Tola, 7?., a response used by 
men to their superiors 

To le-higbe, w., a wasting 
desease of the testis. A 
hei nil ygvai ma i me 

Toll = doll, tr, V,, to call, to 
call after, to name. Nu- 
mui na doll mbf , Call that 
person to me. Toli we or 
wele, to raise aery, w., call- 
ing, vocation. Ngi doli bei 

Toli, n., kidney 

T5lo, w., leech ; awning in a 
large canoe 

Tolo, adj., great, large in 
bulk. Nil mui ji ya tolo- 

Tolo genge, n,, water wag- 

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Tolo hinda, w., variance 
T516, toloma, n,, kola nut ; 

jealousy, hatred 
Tolo-wulu, n., kola nut tree 
Tglu, n., palm nuts after the 

oily coating has been re- 
moved, palm kernels, 

cocoa nuts 
Toma, w., envy 
T6ma, tr, v., to hate, to 

despise; ac^/., quarrelsome, 

Toma, n,, bait, meaning, 

'signification, message 
Toma, w., place of standing, 

building, etc. 
Toma hani, w., abomination, 

Toma-hinda, «., envy, 

jealousy, malice 
Tomahiimo, n., overseer of 

building, etc. 
Tombe, n., example 
Tombe, n., false report of 

Tombo, n., ruins of a town 
T6mbo, adj., marked with 

spots; spots. Tombongo, 

to be deserted 
Tombo, w., mullet fish 
Tombu, n., one being taught 

to sing 
Tomo, n., builder, etc. 
T5mo, w., messenger 
Ton, n., forty bars 
Tondo, w., common large 

Tone, tr, v., to tickle 
Tonga, tr, v., to put together, 

to join together 
Tonga and tongo, adv., ac- 
cording to ; and tongama 

T^nga-to, to light, as a 

Tongoro, n., a kind of 
divination used to search 
out cannibals 

Tongo, n., brass, brass 
kettle ; adj., brazen. 
Tongo faji ; tongo wongo, 
sounding brass 

Tgngoni, n., plant used as 

To nya, 71., truth ; adj., true, 
just, right, righteous. 
Tonyani, to have been 
faithful. Tgnya nwe, 
very certain 

Tq nya-hlnda, n., righteous- 
ness, justice, truthful- 
ness. Hou tgnya, to 
believe. Tonya hinda 
houla. Tgnya hinda we 

To nya mo, just, true, righ- 
teous person. 

Tg nyango, to be true, faith- 
ful,ju8tified. Tidgnyango 
gele Ngewo yam a 

Tgnya-we-'mo, n., justifier 

Tgnyo, tr. v., to contract, to 
curl ; to assume a rumpled 
form, as new cloth 

Topo, v., to follow, de- 
signing to aid ; to plead 
for, to support 

Topoma-mo = woma-mo, 
7/., follower, disciple 

Totangi, n., a trap to catch 

Tgte, tr. v., to fasten a cloth 
about the loins, as men ; to 
gather ; to gather up spilt 

Tgto, tato, tr. v., to begin 

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Totogbe, tr, v., to search 
out by the use of magic 

Totomo, yibaomo, n,, 
magician, sorcerer 

TotoDjo, w., wrinkles 

Tove, adv., very. I waa nya 
gbela tove 

Towa, n,, pumpkin 

Towa, n., a kind of monkey 

T6wa, w., a forked tree or 
limb ; to fork, to branch 

Towa-towa wiilu, w., a 
much-branched tree 

Towa-wiil5, n,, a species of 

Towo, w., fame, notoriety, 

Town, w., a palm nut in its 
perfect state 

Tgya, n., a red berry grow- 
ing in clusters 

Toye, tr, v., to think, to 
imagine : compound of to 
and ye. Kpande wiilu 
moi a to ye ndlnga mla. 
Kina koli me nini a toye 
hiia mla a kpawo. Ta 
tp-te ti kula ho-moi wa. 
Ngi ye to gbekpongo, I 
thought it good 

Tiia-wiilo, plu. tiia weleisia, 
n,, bush goat 

Tiie-tue, adv., slowly, A 

jia tiie-tiie 
Tugba, tr, v., to strike 
heavily against, to stub, 
to ring, to bite a hook, to 
stumble. Tiigba wiikpe, 
n., stumbling-block 
Tiipo and tiiwo, adv., be- 
fore. I wai lo nya liigo 

Tuhani, n., seed for sowing 
or planting; plant 

Tiihani hl-mo, n,, sower 

TiikpS, tr, v,, to push, to 
shove, to move along ; to 
drive to 

Tukpo, v., to have a 
palaver, to quarrel 

TiUl, n., a species of mole 
with long nose and strong 

' scent; gnat with a long 

Tiima, w., a response of 
Sande members to each 

Tiima yela, n., one will, 

Tiimbe, intr. v., to talk 
loudly, to scold. I ti 
molia a tiimbe yla, He 
asked them by an inter- 

Tumbu, n,, a person of very 
short stature, dwarf 

Tumu, n,, shark 

Tiinu, adv,, too, too much. 
Nge li la minmgo liinu, 
I cannot carry it, it is too 

Tiipu, n,, snake, a species 
of viper 

Tiipu-nye, n., a fish re- 
sembling the tiipu 

Tiitu, n.,messenger between 

Tiiva, intr, v., to remain 
through the day, to tarry 
a long while 

Tuwo and tiio, to see before 
one ; and tiiwo ma, here- 
after. Ke i le'wea tiiwo a 
pimf , and he Wu before. 

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I tuwo hinda Mgea, He 
showed forth future 
events = prophesied 

Tuwoma yia lela, pro- 
phesying. I de'wea liigo, 
He passed before. Tu- 
woma yia le-mo, prophet, 

Tiiwomo, w., guide 

T = f, va = fa 

Va = fa, prep, and conj,, of, 
^or, on account of, about, 
concerning, against, for 
the sake of, to, in order 

Va, tr. v., to make obeisance, 
to prostrate, to worship, 
to salute, to welcome, to 
visit, to call upon, to 
shake hands, to send 
regards, to show respect 
by presents 

Va, tr, v., to dispute, to 

Vabai, adv., , large and 
shapeless. Ngi wiii va- 

Vaha, n,, herd, flock. 
Mbala vahei ti Taya hu, 
The flock of sheep shall 
be scattered 

Vahango, to flock together 

Vakango, to bo strong or 

Vala, tr, v., to trust in, to 
rely upon. I Talai lo ngi 
mbai ma. Ko mu vala 
iigi ma 

Vale, intr, v., to grow, to 
spring up; n,, mush- 
room ; hence mavale, 
uprising, uproar. Nja 
valia, to water 

Vale, plu. valeisia, n,, dart 

Vail, tr, v., to'throw out, to 
sow, to spit upon. Ke ti 
ndaya Talia. Bi gowo 
vali ngalisia ya, kick 
against thorns 

Vali-mo, w., sower 

Valo, n,, a red-coloured 
stinging ant that makes 
its nest in leaves 

Vanga, n,, a war-drum in 
the shape of an hour- 

Vanja, n., fringe, tassel. 
Va njesia, borders 

Vao Taon, adv., at once. 
I tewea vaon 

Yara,' with ma=?Tala, <r. v., 
to rely on, to depend on. 
Ko wu vara. That ye may 
be made strong 

Vawoli, tr, v., to trouble, to 
teaze. Nya li i vawSlia, 
My heart is troubled ' 

Vaya, tr, v., to scatter, to 
disperse. Nya lo nya 
ggnyoisia kina polo na. 
Fonufele gbgyongo mahU 
pii a foloi ji ngesisia ti 
Fenjisia vayani. This day 
fifty years the English 
scattered, conquered, dis- 
persed the French. Koi 
vS-ya. A babSi ji vaya 

Ve = fe, n., pot^ jar, bowl, 
pipe. Kolu-ve. Poro ve 
Tawa-ve, Wa a nye-vei. 

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come with, i,e, bring, the 

Ve, tr, v., to blow, to clear 
by blowing, to play a wind 
instrument. I ndowoi 

Ve, tr. v., to give 

Ve, adv., completely, en- 
tirely. Nda-ve = la ve, 
brimful. I mea ve 

Velango, to be conscious 

Vele, 71., fan. Ngi velei ngi 
yeya lo. Kolu vele 

V§li, tr. v., to bid good-bye, 
to take leave of, to dismiss 
with compensation. I 
velia ngi hotangfsia ma. 
Ngewo i velia nya ma. 
Kina ngi velini ti ma 

Veli, intr. v., to become im- 
poverished, to ask for. Ti 
ngafei veli ti ma. Eq ti 
tewe* Piiru Igloi hio 

Veli nia, verb, w., poverty 

Vendo, inttns. adv., com- 
pletely. Ti figiirui gohu 
gbiaa vendo-vendo 

Vengo, adj., both ; the same 
as venjo. I he venjo ma, 
he prayed for both. Ti 
venjo ta gdla ndowa hu 
lo. I gbala ti venjo we 

Vengele, n., sticks used to 
'strengthen the lower part 
of kpasf 

Vengolo, adj., depressed, 
sunken, as from hunger. 
Ngi goi ya vengol^ 

Vivi, tr. v., to shake. Ta ti 
wiiisia vivi 

Vo, tr. v., to shine, give light; 
to flame. Gbe hinda yf kpf 

Ip ngalui a pele mu va ? 
Ngalui a voke foloi a 
gbla. A vo a kpindi hti, 
n., flame, blaze, shining 

Vo = folo, n., sun, day. Bi 
ha v6, 5aya ha vo 

Vola, verb, n., resisting; re- 
sist. TI guni a ngi vola. 
Vo = fo, plu. voo, age. Ngi 
v66i i ye nu yela gboyongo 
mahu pii. He was thirty 
years old 

Vo, intr. v., to enter, to pass 

Vof5, adv., through, 
throughout (?) 

Vofo, intr. v., to suck. Nya 
longo a ngulu vofoi kale 

Vogi, n., brightness 

Vgko, n., a thick waxed ring 
used by magicians to 
ascertain secret things. 
Being rubbed on a board 
it is said to adhere if the 
answer is " yes " 

Vole, intr. v., to whistle 

V6ll, adv., contemptuously, 
affrontingly. I jiao nya 
yamavoll. V6lingo,tobe 
sad, sorrowful 

Voll, n., purse 

Volo = folo, day. Several 
plural forms are in use : 
as vololsia anc^ volesia 'ind 
vSisia*. Bi vSisia ta lembi 
ndolai hii 

Vols, n., a large rat with 
white hair 

VqIo, n., a wild animal of 
the cat kind 

Vomb9, tr. v., to stretch out. 

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to stretch, to unfold, to 
stand in a line. I ngi 
lokoi vomboa. Ti ti go- 
lofsia Tomboa pelei bu. 
I ngalei vomboa 

Vombu, the same as vombo ; 
also current of water 

VomI, n., plot, conspiracy 

Vomi wua, tr, v., to plan 
against, to conspire 

Von, adv., hummingly. 
Kpandi i dewea von 

Vonde, tr. v.', to pant, to 
breathe with difficulty 

Vonde, w., a plant used as 
tobacco : the juice of the 
leaves i» drawn into the 
nostrils like snuff 

Vgndo, intr, v., to perspire, 
to sweat 

Vondo, w., sweat 

Voni, w., isle (Acts xiii. 6) ; 
and = f5ni,to pinch. Ti 
lima voningo, being 

Vgno, adj., big. Ndppoi ke 

Vonu, n., the last year 

Voro, n., a kind of large 

Vote ngewQ, n,, a curse 

Vqvo, 71.*, lungs 

Vii, tr, v., to live, to breathe. 
Niinga vua, living people. 
Wu pe habeb^la ti vii, 
make the dead to live = 
raise the dead 

Vu, adv., describes the rush- 
ing sound of wind. Fetei 
i waa vii 

Vu, w., the moon corre- 
sponding with February 

Viika, tr. v., to grind. Tawa 

vuka, snuff 
Viiko, tr. v., to coil, to form 

a ring 
Viilango, to be strong, 

violent. Nasia ti viilango 

ti mbiimbu a kpaya 
Viile, intr. v., to foam, to 

bubble, to ferment, to 

heat. A ngi le viile 
Yu\i,pron., self. Nya viill ; 

ti vuli, plu. vulisia and 

Viilu, n., a kind offish 
Viise, adj., soft and mealy. 

Used of boiled roots and 

dry earth 
Viiungo, to be alive, living 


Wa, pers. pron., 2 per. plu. 
you, ye 

Wa, pers. pron., 2 per. plu., 
neg., you or you not, not 
ye, ye must not. Wa liia 
ti ma. Fear ye not them 

Wa, pron., you and. Wa 
foma wu li, you and ; 
f5ma,yego. Compare §27 
B Mende Grammar, 1882 ; 
and page 55, Principles of 
Mende Granomar, Mende 
Mission, Sherbro 

Wa, tr. v., to come, to ap- 
proach. Wai lo, to have 
come; wa a, to.come with 
= to bring. Ngi wai lo 
a ngie,.I have brought 
him. Ngi wa mbe 

Wa, def. St. wai; plu. waa 
• L 

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= wa, TTalsia, and wSwa, 
wawai^ ^awalsia; great, 
large, haying iufluence. 
Kolo wa mla. Nu wa a 
ngie. "Wawithadjectiyes 
is an adverb, very 

Wa = ba = pa, tr. v., to 
kill, to destroy. Ti ti 
vani a k&lia lo. Ta ngi 
wa lo. Niimu wa we, to 
commit murder. "Wii lo 
mu va, He has been sac- 
rificed for us 

Waa and wa, def. st. wei, 
f»., fruit; generally with 
ngiilu, tree, as, ngulu 
wa, tree fruit : ngulu wei, 
of the fruit 

Waa, adv., describes the 
smarting of pepper. A 
jiile wa& 

Wae, contracted from wala, 
to call 

Waela, contraction of walela, 
n.', calling ; and waeni, con- 
traction of walfni', called 

Wala, verb, n., coming 

Wale, tr, v., to call, to name 
with a following 

Waif la, verb, n., calling 

wall, tr, v., to meet ; n., a 
cleared place in the shade 
of trees 

Walo, tr. v., to bring 

Walongo, to be great, large, 

Wama, n., slaughtering- 

Wamonde, w., hour. Wa- 
jnonde df wf yela be, even 
one hour 

Wanda, only occurs with 

panda, to form the in- 
tensive form; as, panda 
wanda, well, carefully, 
dihgently. Ti mgli 
panda wanda 

Wandango hinda, to be of 
a kind disposition 

Wango, to be dead, killed. 
Ke mu wango If, but not 

W&ngu, tn v., to penetrate, 
to soak. Pu njifi hu ko 
a wangua lo. Nje wa- 
ngua ndof hii. Water is 
absorbed by the ground 

Waon, adv.y clearly, quite ; 
full of light. Kolfngo 

Wfitu, n,, magical food 
prepared V»y the Mahom- 
medans of rice-flour and 
nesi, and designed to 
destroy according to 
expressed conditions 

Wawoli = vawoli and 
fawoli, tr. v., to quarrel, 
trouble, tease, provoke 

Waye, conj,, unless, except 

Wayukpa, num. adj,^ eight 

Wf = pf , welf = pf \f 

We, tr. V,, to do. Nga ji 
wf lo. Ka wf , to teach. 
To do, to be done. Kg i 
wf ni nya we. To be- 
come, to happen, to take 
place, to come to pass. 
Ti wf lie hiibgla, They 
became like dead persons. 
Ji gbi i ye wfi lo, All 
this was done = came to 
pass ; awrf i ye wf ni. Ngi 
wfa a hil$p9 wa, I be- 

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came a great boy. To 
appoint, as, I nya weaga 
gogubei ngi gob^l^ mahu, 
He appointed me his 
commander over all his 
soldiers. We kaka, make 
haste. Ke i weno^a, and 
it was done. Wenga, to 
turn or be turned into, 
with Of. Ke silo i wenga a 
sama, And the spider was 
turned into, transformed 
into, a chief 

We, jprep., to, for. 1 koloi 
vea ngi we 

Weipron., neg., yon, ye not, 
ye will not. We pe ? , 

We = wele,«., house. Ngi 
nda we-bu or wele bu, in 
his own house 

Wegende = wekende 

We-hlnda, w., doing, con- 
duct, character, disposi- 
tion, conversation. Nga 
dolongo ngi we-hinda. 
Ngi we-hinda i gbegbeni. 
Ngindawe-liinda, his own 
order or ordering 

Wei, adv,, shortly, here- 
after, by-and-by, long. In 
order that, that or ko wei 

Weje, adv.f . visibly, un- 
covered. Ngi galei i 

Weka = peka 

Wokende and wegende, 
adj\, of little value, 
credulous. Ndopoi ji 
ngi wegendengo * 

Wela, tr. v., to finish, to 
complete, to end, to es- 
tablish, to contou. Used 

to describe the definite 
past tense; as, ngi wela 
a menila, I have finished 
with hearing, i.e. I have 
heard. Kina i ye welani 
a nunga yandaia. I 
welaa a kolo nyegi la. A 
w| a me. Welahgo, to 
be grounded, * founded, 

Wela, intr, v,, to run away, 
to flee, to abscond. Nya 
kei liiweisia ti wela, to 
escape. Ti wela ngi ma 

Wela, w., way. A na gbi 
giila lo ta ye ngi welei hii 

Wele, i.q, we, to do 

W|l| = we Vi., house 

Wele = pele, tr. v., to stoop, 
to cover, to trust in, to 
recline, to put on. I 
ngi lokoi wele a nyapoi 
ma. Ndl wele, n., hope 

Welengo. Na ngi li weleiigo 
ma. That in which he 
trusted. I nda we. He 
covered the mouth 

Wen, co/y*., notwithstanding 

Wengo, to be made, done. 
I wengo le be = it is 
made like = compared 

Wete, tr. v., to turn into 

Wili, intr. v., to fall asleep. 
A wili nji wa hii, to 
throw, to start, to shoot, 
to jump, to row, to pull 

Wilime, tr. v., to race often 
with wele, i.e. running to 
do wulime 

Wime = pime, to run. Mua 
lo wimema 

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Winde, intr. v., to jump, to 
leap. Winde = binde 
mahu, to jump over 

W = ng, wo = ngo, w = p 

Wo,jDrcm.,own,miDe. Koloi 

, nyawomia. Chiefly used 
with possessive pronouns; 
as, nya wo le, my own it 
is ; bi wo le, it is thy own. 
Neg., bi w5 i le, to belong 
to, or not to belong to. Ti 
wo, theirs. 

"Wo hani jg, n., heir 

Wo = ngo, intr. v., to cry, 
to weep, to mourn. Nya 
loloi lo woma. Ta wo lo 

Wo, w.,*voice, cry. Ngi ngi 
woi meni lo. Wongo, to 
be' sounding. Tongo 
wongo, sounding brass; 
adj., sonorous; to sound 
clearly. Mbill wongo. 
Ti wongesia, their own 

Wo, tr. v., to give with a 
following, i,€. to present 
with. Nya wo a koloi 

Wo, tr. v., to open, to dawn. 
I ngi la woa. N., opening 
of any kind. Mejiwo,the 
eye of a needle 

Wo, tr. "., to break, to 
open. Kina ngelei j tatoni 
a wola. When the sky 
began to dawn = to open 
= at daybreak. Wongo, 
to break in pieces 

Wo, adv., once, of old, long 
ago. Tamoi y ela mia wo. 
In a negative sentence it 
means " neyer." Ngi wu 

go wo, I never knew you. 
Kea li ngi leni wo. If he 
had never been born 

Wofe, n., a fishing-net with 
a long handle like a scoop 

Wofela, num. adj., seven. 
Wofela wa botani yakpe, 
kill seven with one blow 

Wogba, adj., all past time, 
formerly; arfv., since, long 
siDce, long ago. Le wogba, 
never before. Kina wogba 
ngi weni le 

Wogbe, tr. v., to test with 
a decoction of sassa-wood 
bark for witchcraft, theft, 
etc. Wogbeisia gbenpa, 
give lots.* l^gogbei, the lot 

Woi, adv., a little while ago, 
in a little while. A pe lo 

Worta,,8ix; woita- 
gele, the sixth 

Wojege, adv., numerously. 
Epele sarotsia ta lani wo- 

Wojege, adj., projecting, 
barely covered — as the 
bones of one emaciated 

Woji, adj., libidinous, lust- 
ful. Woji, n ., fornication. 
Woji-mo, n. ; wojigbe mo 

Woka = poka, n., hoof 

Wgkilla, n., opportunity, 
convenient time 

Woko-b61a, n., imitators 

Wgkoli, tr. v., to seek, to 
search, to inquire 

Wgkpg = wggbo, adv., afore, 
before ; v., to put oflF 

Wgla, n., mourning, crying, 

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Wolf, adj., wild, careless, 

Wole, tr. v., to shave. Wole- 
mo, one who shaves 

"VVole and wele, n. and adj., 
a small portion of food 
left in the dish for the 
children; not the smallest, 
intermediate. Ndoli wole- 
wole ve ngi we 

Woli, n.'and adj., pewter, 
pewter basin 

Woll, w., tail. I jia a ngi 

Woli = ngoli, ear 

W61o, tr. v., to err, to make 
a mistake; to offend 
against, with we 

Wolo, tr. v., to listen, to 
tearken, to give atten- 
tion or heed 

Wolo, tr. v., to own. Ngi 
w5lo a ngie, I own thee = 
thou belongest to me 

Wolo we, to make great, to 

Wolongo, to be great, large ; 

Woma = poma, w., back ; 
adv.y behind, after. Ji 
woma, after this. Na 
w5ma, in the back of = 
afterwards. Without; wu 
kei woma, without your 

Woma = poma, n., corpse, 
dead body 

Woma-mo = p5ma-mo 

Woma navoi, n., inheritance 

W6mbi, w./fcknee. Wombi 
gbakpa, to kneel 

Womu, n., wadding, tamp- 

ing, the soft material used 
in calking 

Wona, to be straight; as, 
pona, to make straight; 
to smite 

Wondo, n., a hollow filled 
with water in the rainy 
season, but empty in the 
dry season 

Wonga, wongelsia, and wo- 
ngesia, n., family, rela- 
tives, kindred, kinsfolk 

Wgngo and woi, tr. v., to 
worship twins, giving 
them oil and salt each 
new moon 

Wongo, great, large; n., 

Wonjen, adv., describes the 
sharp ringing sound of 
metals falling upon hard 
substances. I giilaa wcl- 

Wonjenga, plucked 

Wonjo-la, w.,a gate of sticks, 
used in a barricade 

Wopo, tr, v., to carry, to 

Wopo-giilei, n., a cloth to 
carry a child on the back 

Woponye, tr. v., to bruise 
with breaking, to grind 
to powder, or crushing. 
Woponyengoi le, not to be 
distressed or borne down 

Worobaba welei, the earthly 
house or tent 

Wotale (John xvii. 1 [?]) 

Wote, tr. v., to turn around, 
to* turn one's self into 
something, to repent, to 
return an answer, to 

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reply. Injiagbi wotene 
iigi ma. I wote a kua. 
Nuwfkai w6tei loa mabei, 
Another man was made 

Wote-wote, frequentative 
form , to turn much about. 
Ngewo lay lei e wote-wote. 
Li wote-wote, hesitating, 
doubtful mind 

Wova = ngova, intr. v., to 
grow old', to be old; 
to float; former. I wu- 
mbia ngi nyaha wovei; 
adj,y wova, plu. w6vda, 
old, aged. Sani wovaa, 
old battles. Mamei Ji ngi 

Wovango, to be or to grow 

Wove, tr. v.y to turn the 
back. 1 movea ngi ma, 
to turn the back from 

WQwo = w5,intens.form,to 
make lamentation. Ti 
ngi wowoa ngalu yela 

Wowo, urinam reddere 

\V5ya, adj., coarse, rough, 
rash, discourteous, inso- 

AVoya-hinda, w., violence, 
tbrce, impertinence, ra- 

Woya-mo, w., violent, rude, 
rapacious, reckless per- 
son; plunderer. Awoya, 
by force. Njepe woyamo, 
n., babbler (Acts xvii. 18) 

W = ng, wu = ngu 

WvLfpers. jpron., 2 per. plu., 
ye, you, your 

Wu, pers, pron., neg., ye or 
you not 

Wii = ngii, def. st. wiii = 
ngiii ; plu. wua = ngua, 
wiiisia =ngulsia; n.,h€ad. 
Ti wii hitea la ti nyo- 

Wu, intr. and tr. v., to awake, 
to stir up, to provoke. 
Ngi wu, make him. Wu- 
nga nji hii 

Wu, intr, and tr. v., to be 
amazed, to marvel. Ti 
wii hu i wu, to be con- 
founded, confused. Ti 
wii i ye wui lo ji va ; and 
ngi hu nje wui lo ji va ti 
ngi houni a tonya 

Wu, tr. v., to smelt 

Wu = pu, to put, to place. 
Mu wuae lo 

Wii = woli, w., tail 

Wu and wua, contracted 
into wa, tr. v., to wash ; 
wuanga and nguanga, to 
be washed 

Wiia, pers. pron., neg., ye, 
you. Wua be, ye also, 
even you, ye 

Wua, tr. v., to bear fruit, 
to produce seed. I wua 
a ngiibui wua, yekpe. 
Wuango, to be fruitful 

Wiia, tr. v., to wash. Hiia- 
ngo, to be washed clean, 
sanctified. Wiiango I le. 
It is not clear, distinct = 
indistinct. Wua f5, to 

Wua, def. fit. wufi, plu. 
wuisia, n., tree-fruit 

Wue, pers. pron,, neg., ye. 

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you. Used only with a. I 
hinda yekpe wea a wue 

Wuei, adv., by-and-by, soon 

Wueni, comp, pron,, ye, you, 
and I ; plu. wu and wua. 
A Tery singular use is 
made of it. Gbamaile 
ma wueni ye le, lit. be- 
cause we, ye and I, were 
there, because you and I 
were together = I was 
with you 

Wiife = ngiife, intr. v., to 
be ashamed. I wufea nya 
ma hindavai peni. Wii- 
fengo, nya wiifengo wa le 

Wu-hlte, tr. v,, to turn up- 
side down. Kina i ye 
wiihiteni ka 

Wii-hlte mo, «., counsellor 

Wiija, n., Poro messenger 

Wukpe, w., race, stock. Tu- 
gboma wukpe, w., stum- 

Wiikpra, tr, v., to pull up, 
to root up 

Wiile = ngiile, to sing 

Wiilj, to draw, as water 

Willi, to row 

Wiilo = ngCilo, w., oil, fat. 
Wuloi hii, of your oil 

Wfilo, tr, V,, to fatten, to 
grow fast 

Wiilo, adv., little, small ; 
few, short. Kpe wulo, 
short time 

Wiilongo, to be little, to be 
young; also wulu, wu- 
lui. Higbea wulua, a few 
sick persons. I kuloi 
wiUdi, the least 

Wulongo, to be fat, fat- 
tened. Hiiei wo, fat meat. 
Lohani wulongolsia, fat 

Wulu = wuru = nguru = 
ngulu, 71., tr^, stick 

Wuma, pron,, own. Nya 
wuftia hani lo a ji 

Wuma, n,, the place where 
something is deposited. 
Navoi wumei, n., treasu ry 

Wiimage, pron,, myself. 
Nya Wma, of myself. 
Ngi nya wiima hinda gbi 
wema. Wu = head = 
of my own will, head, 
purpose = *«^?IP. Ngi 
wiimage, of itself. A 
wiime a ngi wiimage. He 
ran of his own accord. 
Tela i ha ngi wiimage, 
one died of herself, i.e, 
a natural death 

Wiima magawO, n., stripes 

Wiiraawo, tr. v., to redeem. 
Wiima woi or miimaoi, n., 
redemption. I ti wuraau, 
he saved them. Wiima 
he hii, in self-will wor- 

Wumawo, to have yourself 
= to be free. Tonyei a 
wu wumawo 

Wumba, in the head,- top, 
uppermost part 

Wumbi. See Wombi gba- 
kpa, to kneel 

Wiimbu = mbiimbu, tr. 
v., to take, take up, lift 

Wiimbula, verb, n., taking 

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Wundfa = ngundia, w., hair 
of human beings 

Wundu = ngundu, adj,^ 
fresh, raw 

Wundungo, to be fresh, 
raw. Huei wundungo 

Wunga, plu. wungflsia, 
n., relatives, including 
parents. Perhaps wu- 
niinga, your people 

Wfmgo, to be astonished. 
Ngi hu wiingo a ji 

Wuru. Compare Nyama 
bewiiru labu, n,, judg- 

Wurui, n., bowels 

Wu-vuli, pnm,, yourselves 

Y = nd, ya = nda, ya = la 

Ya = nda = la, w., mouth, 

edge. Mbowf i ya hango. 

The edge of the knife is 


Ya, 71., outside, sur&ce. 

The opposite to hii. 

Njiei ya gbe 

Ya, la', adv,j not. Tl ya lini le 

Ya, intr, v. (to go), have 

gone. The present tense 

is wanting. To be about 

to ; as, Ngflf ya lo woma. 

When the day is about 

to dawn. Mu ya me va. 

Ngi ya mab§i ye. Ngi 

ya pSbu. Bi ya lo ba 

hani *gbot5a do lo. To 

go down, to set, f5l$i i 

ya na. MI lo ti ya iia ? 

Ya, defect, subs, v., is and 

was. Hindo ya gQlengo, 
The man is calm, meek, 
cool. Neg., ya, is not, 
was not 

Ya, suffix forming abstract 
nouns ; as, ndop9ya, 

Ya, post position, on, upon, 
in. Ngitlya, plu. ngltfsia 
ya. Ndendei ta nje ya 

Ya =» yaka, w., side 

Yabele, tr, v., to perceive, 
to observe, to notice 

Yabo, w., member of Himo 

Yade, tr, v., to exalt one's 
self. Ya ye, to be 

Yafa = ngafa, n., spirit, 
soul, ghost 

Ya&, tr, v., to accuse, per- 
secute ; to backbite, 
slander ; to speak ill of 

Yafe, plu. yafesia, w., enemy 

Yafen a, or yafo a ? yabo 

Yafune, adj., pointed. Ngu- 
la yafunei, pointed stick 

Yagba, def. st yagbfi, n., 
severity ; and nga-gba- 

Yagbaengo = yagbalengo, 
to be very painful. * Ngi 
hai na yagbalengo y^ If ? 
Was his death very pain- 
ful ? Fole yagbaengo 
mla. It was a sad stcci- 
dent. F6mei yagbaengo, 
The whip is* painful* 

Yagbf , n., nephew 

YagCmi, tr, v,, to lick 

Yaha = nyaba, n., wife 

Yahlte, to dip in 

Yahii, n., sole, bottom of tiie 

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foot; feet, bottom of the 

Yaliuma, to steal 

Yajla, to gnash 

Yaka, n., side, region, dis- 
trict, heart. I ndo mu- 
TQuisia gbonda ngi ya- 
ka ma. She pressed the 
little children to her 
heart. K, to turn, stray. 
Ti gbi li yaka pelei ma 

Yake, post position, at, near 

Yakpango ngi nemahii, in 
his right mind. See Nga- 

Yakpe, pron., the same; 
pin! yakpea, yakpeisia. 
Adv,, ke yakpe, only, 
singly, alone; forthwith, 
immediately, at once 

Yakpf , tr, v., to persecute. 
Mu yakpgngo 

Yakpla, trl v., to endure, 

Yale = ngalf, tr, v., to 
break, to break oflF. Yale 
nga, to split wood. Ko^ 
wo yalf-mo, n,, wood- 
splitter * 

Yale, w., host, landlord 

Yaleisia, n., mats 

YalengShii, as, Ng&ma yS- 
lengohtl, adv., In the 
twinkling of an eye 

Yalr, w., boat. Ku Ifnga ta 
yall-gbawu gbate lb 

Yall, w., sting 

Yalila, verb, n,, breaking, 

Yalu = ng&lu, n., egg, 

Yama = ng&ma, w., eye, 
face ; ^ep., before, in the 
presence of 

Yama, intr. v., to go back, 
to return. Yama a ha 
ke ji, to restore, to give 

Yama nSingo, to oe cove- 

Yamala, verb, w., returning, 
coming back 

Yambatu, w., a westerly 
branch of Kpangba 

YambS, n., dress, frock, 
female apparel 

Yamgne, tr. v., to afflict, to 
trouble, to torment much 

Yaraone-mo,one who causes 
much trouble 

YandS, tr. v., to frighten ; 
awihiiyande. Ngibihu- 
yandea, to scare, to de- 
ceive by promises 

Yandihgo, to be sharp 

Yand5 = ngando, to gather 

YandSIa, verb, w., gathering, 
collecting. YandQbSla, 
Those that are assembled, 
congregation. Church 

Yane, tr. v., to watch, to spy 

Yangale, intens. form of 
galf, tr. v., to break in 
pieces. Ingangalingoi, the 
broken pieces 

Yangg, tr. v., to itch, to 

Yango, n.y separation, or 
state of separation ; adv., 
alone, only. Nya gango 
1 1$, I am not alone 

Yani', 71., a kind of creeping 

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Yanja, tr. v., to separate, to 
divide, to disperse 

Yanja, n., a hollow iron or 
triangle which, suspended 
by a string, is struck by 
a ring upon the thumb 
and little finger 

Yanun^sia (Luke iii. 5) 

Yao, come thou, do come 

Yapele, i ndende yapele. He 
upset the canoe 

Yapowo, was losed 

Yara, tr, v., to misrepresent, 
to deceive, to be dis- 
honest; adj., deceptive, 
dishonest. Yara gbama, 
vain deceit 

Yata, intr, v,, to lie down 

Yati, tr. v., to light, as a fire 

Yatitili, he was very heavy 

Yau, n., boldness 

Yauwandei, the grave 

Yawa, w., a small kind of 
onion called yabes 

Yaw5, to boast, to vaunt 
one's self 

Yawote, to pervert, to over- 

Yawoyo, to be strait, strict 

Yaye (see Nge), to take up, 
take one's self up, i.e. to 
exalt one's self; but the 
very opposite in Lnke 
xiv. 11, Mende translation 

Yayf ma, to continue, to go 
on ; adv,, still, yet, again 

Ye, sttbst v., to be. Ngi ye 
lo n§,. Ngi ye Bendu lo 

Ye, imjpers* v., says, he says 
or 8£ud. Ye ti ma 

Yf, interrog, pron, and |>rep., 

who? how? Ye mia. 
Who is it? 

Ye, n. (from nje, mother). 
Used in direct address. 
Ye i nya doli. Title for 
our " Mrs." 

Ye, tr, V,, thrust down. See 

Y§, adv,, ready. Ye i ha, 
ready to die 

Ye = yele, n., house, home, 

Ye,, post position = we, to. 
Ngi ya mahei ye. ]§rgi 
navo venga mahei' we 

Ye and yei, intr, v., to de- 
scend (to ascend). Eina 
ti yeni ngiye mahii, to 
pour out, to anoint. Na 
i yeni ti gbSto ma va. 
I ngi ngulo yeini. Ti 
yei wu li nyani va, Not 
that ye should be grie?ed. 
Nya If yfngo i le, My 
heart is not cut down = 
I am not grieved or dis- 

Ye, contracted from yfle, 
house, home; as, ngi ye 
i wa, his house he went 
= went home. In use 
with poss. pron, in the 
signification of reflexive 
pron. : as, nya yS, I my- 
self; ngi ye, he him- 

Yee, part,, saying. Used 
with the third person. 
I ndei lo ti ma yee. He 
told them, saying 

Yegbe, n., a species of goat- 

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Yege, yengele, adv., a little. 
1 higbe yege 

Yegele, adv,, very. Plyei 
gboungo yegele 

Yei, def. st. of nje, n., goat ; 
plu. yeisia. Teidlsia, kids 

Yei, of nja', n., water 

Yei, to be adrift, afloat. 
Ndendei lo yei ma 

Yei. See 1 Cor. i. 26 : tl yei, 
they are not, or there are 
not. In Gal. i. 14 : yei- 
nyolsia, traditions 

Yei, contracted from yfke, 
he wanted 

Yeja, adj. and n., right, as 
opposed to left. Yeja 
yamfi, the right eye; 
yeja loko, the right hand 

Yejama,' n., east (perhaps 

south side) 
Yeji, n., word or words 
Yeke = ngeke, wanting, 
wanted ; * to be about 
something. Ee i y^ke 
i pa, He was about (=* 
wanted) to kill him. Yeke 
i ha 
Yekpe, (zdj., good. Hinda 

y^kpf we, to do good 
Yfkpe, preceded by the 
poss. pron., it becomes 
reflexive : as, nya yekpe, 
I myself; ti yekpe, they 
Yekpengo, to be good 
Yekplya, n., goodness, 

Y6la, num. adj., one. Saro 
yfla. Ti yelage; plu. 
yeloa = yfla, yei fsia; one, 
the one. Pu mahii yelesia, 

the eleven. Hani yelei 
na mla mu ye doni. That 
is the one ( = only) thing 
we saw 

Yela = ngela, fr. v., to wipe, 
to clean,* to take away 

Yelakpe, adv., once only. 
Ha i yelakpe, ti bi wa lo 
peka gbl na gboma ta 

Yelf , n., outcry, scream 
Yele, V. to be, used with 

both past and future 

Yele, intr. v., to laugh, to 

ridicule, to rejoice 
Yele = ye wele, house, 

piace of* residence, home 
Yele, adj., bold. Yele lo 

ngii hu, tr. v., to bind 
Yelela, verb, n., laughter, 

Yelen, adv., softly, gently, 

noiselessly, quietly. A 

jia yelen 
Yelengo, to be gentle 
Yell, intr. v., to abuse ; ye- 

lingo, abused 
Yelo, tr. v., to wish, to hope 
Ye-lohii, comp. n., = home 

country, native land 
Yf mbe, n., a small drum 
Yenda, n., balance wheel of 

stone used in spinning 

which cotton is spun and 

the thread wound 
Yengalu, n., paw, claw 
Yenge, tr. v., to work, to 

labour. Yengela, verb. 

n., working, labouring 
Yenge, n., quagmire, bog 

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Yengebelo, n., k5k6 with 

undivided leaf 
Yengesi, w., English person 
Yenjele, adj,, protruding 

Yepe = ngepe = njepe,tw^r. 

v., to converse, to talk 

much. Kina ti yepema 
Yepe If, to dismiss 
Ye- pel |, the house 
Y^se^adj., first, to be first; 

prep., before 
Yefo, thought, intended. 

Ngi yeto, nga wa a kolo 

kee ngi lemaa ma 
Yewe, /rom ye, intr, v., to 

descend ; n., descent 
Yewe, def. st. yewei, sight ; 

in thy sight = before thee 
Yewo = Ngewo, n., God 
Yeya = ngeya, yeyeisia, n., 

hand. Niinga yeya, to 

l>e in the hand* = to 

possess, to have. I na 

gbi majia i ngi yeya, i 

kpale na yeya. I na gbi 

majra i ye* ngi yeya i 

Yeya = ngeya, tr, v., to 

'buy. Kii'la yfya mbe, 

buy cloth for me 
Yeya = ngeya, 7i.,line, rope, 

boundary. Ndiiwo yeya, 

slave rope. Nya yeyf i i 

Yey'e = ngele, adj., quarrel- 

'some, disturbing the 

peace, violent, disorderly. 

Yeye hii, in an uproar, 

Yeye hinda, n., commotion, 

disturbance, confusion 

Yi, n., object, thing, person. 
Gbo a yl ji ? 

Yl, intr, v,, to sleep. Ylalo 
=ylnga, have slept. To 
congeal, as oil; to close 
petals, as flowers ; to rest 
from pain. Kina hii yini 
nani, after four days. 
Yima, verb, n., sleeping- 

Yia, intr, v., to speak, to 
speak to. I yla ti ye, to 
scold to. I yia ti ma, 
to dispute. Ta tati yiaa. 
To sound, mbake i yia a. 
Tonya yia le 

Yia, n,, language, word; 
plu. yieisia 

Yia, plu. ylanga, w., home 

Yiamango I le, adj., un- 

Yianjiango, to be factious, 
to be contentious 

Ylanyo, n., the opponent of 
another. Ngi yianyoi a 

Ylbaomo, w., magician, to- 
to mo 

Yibon, adj., weak. Ngi 
gahii ye ylbon ngue 

Yie, def. st. yiei, n., mother : 
plu., irreg., ijehga, of rare 
occurrence ; reg., yieisia 

Ylgi,jlwi,w., key 

Yigill, adj, continuously 
afflictive. Ti nya ya 

Ylla = nglla, n., dog 

Ylli, tr. v., to cook 

Ylli, tr. v., to tie, to bind. 
Hinda nyamu ylli hfi, In 
the bond of iniquity 

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Ylo, plu. ylolsia, w., finger 

Yiongo, to be young, to be 
a child. Kino wo nya 

Tlii^a = ngitiya, n., street, 

Ylrfl, = yela, num, adj., one 

Yiva, ad{,, unclean. Used 
by Mahommedans. Ylva 
hua mia 

Yo, ac^y., signifies assent, yes 

Yola, adj., thick and turned 
back. Used of lips. Ngi 
la i ye yola 

Yolu, TO., the very long 
narrow cloth worn by 
young girls about the 

Yogba, n., abundant, large 
supply. I nyga a mba 

Yogbo, to weaken ; strength- 

Yombe. adj., large. Ndopoi 
ke yombf 

Yombo' = njomb?, to., hair, 

Yombu, TO., fire 

Yonda, adj., restless, in- 
clined to walk about 

Yonembe, to., cow-bird 

Yonga and y^hga. dewe, tr. 
V , to boast. Ba y§nga 
dewe nya mahii. Ma 

fhouni hindo i yonga 

dewe. The Sierra Leone 

English *'cut younger." 

Adj., proud, boasting, 

Yonga, TO., pride 
Yonga dewe-mo, to., boaster, 

proud person 
Yongo, TO., pebbles used by 

Yongolu, TO., tooth 
Yopo, TO., field. Ygpoisia 
Yoro (Acts xxviii. 2) 
Ygto, adv., continually and 

copiously. Nje i waa ha 

Yove, adj., small and low. 

Pelei i ye yove 
Ygvu, adj., yielding to 

pressure, soft, elastic. 

Kpiikoi nga ye yovu 
Yiife biise? (Luke xiii 21) 

Yiife = njiife, soft. Njowe 

yiife, boiled potatoes 
Yiigba= njiigba,ac(;*., active, 

wild. Yiigba-mo, one 

who is active, wild. Jii- 

gbango,to be active, wild 
Yiimbu = njumbu, tr. v., to 

mix. Yiimbua, mixed, 

Yusu = jiiju, adj.t deep. 

Yiisungo, to be deep 


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A, indef. art., \k expressed by 

yela, oDe 
Abandon, tr, v., kpe = gbe ; 

abandoned, left, ndo, ndg- 

lohu = lolohu, kpele, gbe- 

Abase, tr, v., maye = yaye 
Abasement, w., hinda maye 
Abash, tr. v., ngufe = wufe 
Abbreviate, tr. v., pe-gutu 
Abdomen, w., kombu 
Abdominal pain, n,, kohu 

gbale; protruding abdo- 
men,' hika-go 
Abhor, tr. v., toma, dolo 
Abide, intr. v., hei 
Ability, n., memhfi-dewe 
Able to be, kii = gn, kiingo 

= giingo 
Al)ode, n., heima ; abode of 

troops, heigo yima, i.e. 

Al)omination, n., toma-hani 
Abound, v., ayemagboto 
Al)Out, prep, and adv., mbe- 

lengo, gbelango, kinei 

Al)ove, adv., ma, mahu, 

Abroad, n., ngltiya 

Abscond, tr, v., wela 
Absorb, tr, v,, wangu, kpole 
Absorbed, adj,, ngghii 
Abstain, tr. v., kpe = gbe ; 

abstain from swine's flesii , 

ndonde diye. A gbende 

hinda ma 
Abstinence, n., tiye = tewe 
Abstractedly, adv., ngobu ' 
Absurd, absurdity, mata- 

ma-hinda, hinda matama 
Abundance, abundantly, a 

gbonge, gbon, kpotongo 
Abundant, to be, gb5to, 

Abundant supply, n., yogba 
Abuse, tr. v., ngeli, ngafa, 

fasi, yelingo 
Abuser, w., ngeli-mo, ngafa- 

Abusive, adj,, fasi ; abusive 

word, ngeli-yia 
Abyss, n,, hinda juju 
Accede to, tr. v,, mato 
Accelerate, tr. v., we kaka, 

maviila, hiigbandi*, hii-li 
Accept, tr. v,, so = jo, kiiru 

= giiru, ku = gii 
Acceptable, adj.^ ndelele, 

boy a lo, kiirungo; to 

make acceptable, mane, 


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Acceptance, ti., fiale 
Accident, w., fole, fona 
Acclamation, n., kpawo 
Accomplish, tr, v., kpoyo, 

wela, magao 
Accord, w., woyakpe 
According to, accordingly, 
tonga. Kina, as, kina ngi 
jawei na 
Account, tr. v., kounti-gbia, 
kpala; on account of, fa 
= va ; give an account 
^ of, ndahi = lahi 
Accumulate, tr, v,, ngando 

= yando 
Accursed, adj., nowongo 
Accuse falsely, ba, hiibu 
Accusation, n., mayia ; 
accusation against a rela- 
tive who has neglected 
to mourn at the death of 
one, kotoyia, majagbe 
Ache, to, kpale, gbae 
Acid, to be, tabango 
Acknowledge, tr. v., kulua ; 
acknowledge with inter- 
cession, pelehii 
Acquaint, tr. v., hiigo, nda- 

Acquire, tr. v., so = jo 
Acquisitive, ady.,hani-mani 
Acquit, tr. v., bawo, bao, 
temu = demu, to decide in 
favour of 
Across, adv., a mu njei 
dewe, madewe ; across 
from' side to side, kpekpa ; 
also to lay across 
* Act, tr. v., pe, we, pele, 
Action, n., pe-hlnda, hinda 

Active, adj.j yugba. Kaka- 
mo lo a-ngie. To be ac- 
tive, jugbango 
Actor, 71., pe-mo, pe hinda- 

Acuteness, to increase the, 
of the smell by applying 
stimulants to a dog's 
nose, to 
Adage, w., dome 
Adamant, w., kotu nyande 
Add, tr. v., mato, pii, mata 
Adder, w., kale or kali, de- 
le; black and speckled 
adder, nyegi 
Addict, addicted, sa hinda 
wova; addicted to plea- 
sure, woji 
Addition, n., mato 
Adept, to be, mahoungo 
Adequate, to be, ku = gii 
Adhere, intr. v., fefe, fefelo 
Adherent, n.^ fefe-mo 
Adjourn, tr. v.', nda folo 

weka ma 
Adjudicate, tr. v., njla hula 
Adjust, tr. v., magbkte 
Admiration, w., kpoo 
Admired, adj., mamaningo 
Admonish, tr. v., nda hi = 

Ad monition, n., ndahi hinda 
Adopt, tr. v., ye = ge 
Adopted child, ti., m*ake-lo 
Adoption, n., make- 16 ht- 

Adoration, n., he-hinda 
Adore, tr. v., he 
Adorn, tr. v., maylli, nyande, 

Adrift, to be, ndende lo ye- 

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Adulation, n., tato 
Adult, 71., numu jembe 
Adultery, n., poe-gbia 
Adulterer, w., poe-gbla-mo 
Adulterous generation, n,, 
powo bondagbiala; adul- 
terous companion, lanyo 
Advanced in age, wovongo 
Advantage, n,, hinda yekpe, 
yf kpeya, nyande nya va, 
Adventure, w., hInda baba- 

isia = wawalsia 
Adversary, to be, domango 
Adversity, w., hinda nyamu, 

Advice, n., ngo, ndahi, lahi 
Advocate, tr. v,, mavale 
Advocate, n,, mavale-mo, 

njia le-mo 
Adze, w!, kpa 
Affair, w., hInda 
Affected by, ngatigo 
Affection, n,, ndoma, loma 
Affirm, tr. v,, no, vefa 
Aflfiict, tr, v., yamone, gigili 
Aflfiiction, n., kpekpeli, mo- 
no, hinda gbou-gbou 
Aflfiictive, adj., yigili. Ti 
nya ya yigili. They aflfiict 
me = I am affiicted 
Affright,.^r. v., nduma = lu- 

ma. Ngi bi hii'luma 
Affront, tr. v. and w., ngeli 
Affirontingly, adv., voli 
Afloat, to be,ndend6 lo yeima 
Afoot, to be, ggma we 
Aforetime, adv., wo. Time 
past, long since, Hindei ji 
i weni lo wq. Wggba, all 
past time, formerly ; as, 
Kina WQgba ngi ji weni le 

Afraid, to be, liiwa, liia, 

After, prep., ke,poma = wo- 
ma ; after that, na woma, 
kpelei na woma 

Afternoon, w., folo-legbea, 
folo giila. Kpokponye, 

Afterwards, adv., na-woma 
= poma 

Again, adv., gboma. Gbon 
= in future, kuna 

Against, prep., ma, gbeanga 

Age, 71., fo ; year. What is 
thy age? Bi vo doli? 
Wovo, old 

Aged person, n., nj?ovo lo 
a-ngie. Kpo-koto " 

Agitate, tr. v., huwa'; upset 

Ago, adv., wo 

Agony, 7?., death-struggle 
= breathing hard. I ha- 
ngiye dema, He is mount- 
ing the hill of death 

Agree, tr. v., hiila, kiila; 
ngo, ngayili, ngoi, kanjo 

Agreeable, adv. and adj., 
ne, nene, neni. Itis not 
agreeable to ."me, I nene 

Agreement, n., ka, kanjo, 

Agriculture, place of, n., 

Ague, n., kolo-higbe 

Ague cake, i.e. enlarge- 
ment of the spleen, ngQpi 

Ah, interf., a ! 6 ! gba 1 

Aid, n., gbo, gboma. S'gi 
gboa bi ma, I have helped 

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Aim,-n. and v., ne, nema, 

to, mane 
Air) w., fef| ; tr. v., hu-be 
Alarm, n. and v., njla lela, 

Albino, w., jengulu 
Alder, n., ngnlu a poa go- 

Alienate, tr. v., ndala; to 

draw away, gbia 
Alienated, adj\, ndogba 
Alight, intr, v., hei 
Alike, adv,f kpiawaye, kpl- 

Alive, to be, vungo 
All, adj., kpi = gbi, kpere, 

kpele, ngmo ; all things, 

hani gbi, pepe, hindei 

gbi; all through,'pI, nomo; 

all = every one, kiiriipe ; 

all mankind, ngele bua; 

all past time, wogba ; all 

the way, sq; all night, 

Allege, tr. v., nQ 
Alligator, n., ndamba 
Allow, tr. v., ndiima = 

liima; allow a claim, t^mu, 

be, kavaU = kavai 
Allude, tr, v., gole 
Almighty, n., hinda wema- 

mo wai 
Almost, adv., te, kiilo tf 
Alms, n., mba5-hani 
Aloe, n., ninga 
Alone, adv., l§k§. If, yakpe, 

Along, adv., kHhama 
Aloud, adv., ngeleya, jole 

wa, i.e. great noise 
Already, adv., kinei 
Also, conj., ke, be, ta 

Altar, 71., hima, ja-gblama 
Alteration, n., mavovi 
Altercate, tr, v., mall, ma- 

Alternately, adv., ndeki>e- 

ndekpe = lekpne-lekpe 
Although, conj., ji be, gba- 

maile be, ke be, pengo be 
Altogether, adv., tenga, 

a denga polon 
Always, adv., p5l5n, kii 

Amass, tr, v., ngando = 

Amazement, n., wu, ti wii i 

wii ; tihu wua 
Ambuscade, n,, suwa 
Amen, ni i ye na, i ye nl 
Amend, tr, v., pe panda, we 

American, n., megi ; Ameri- 
can cloth, ndawele ggla 
Amiable, adj., yekpe 
Amiss, to be, le. Bi le le. 

Thou art in the wrong 
Ammunition, n,, ko-haka, 

Among, prep., ndia = Ua 
Amount to, gboto 
Ample, adj., ngb,*gii 
Amulet, n., sewe, soko 
Amuse, tr. v., ndpil '= 1$U 
Ancestor, n., mamada ; 

nunga wSvelsia wq 
Ancestry, n.,' niinga wove- 

sia ti hindei 
Anchor, n., kgli ndendehtl ; 

lost anchor, ggli giila 
Ancient, adj., ngovama 

And, conj., ke, ta 
Anecdote, n,, dgme 

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Angel, w., tomo, plu. to- 

b^la, i.e. messenger 
Anger, w., ndl d§w@ = li 

dewe. I li de wea gbon, lit. 

His heart is cut very much 
Anguish, n., kpale wa, ni- 

nisa nya-li-ma 
Animal, w., hua, plu. hiia- 

nga, sewiilo tohani ; 

homed animal, ndowo- 

hiia; any animal with 

claws, ngengalu; young 

animal, h&a-lo 
Animate, tr, v., ndido 
Ankle, n., kpowo, kowola 
Annoy, tr. v., mone. He 

annoys me, A nya mone 
Annual, adj.^ foi gbi ma 
Annul, tr, v., hiiyande 
Anoint, tr, v., mali, sia, ye 
Another, adj., peka = weka, 

mba,mbola; another time, 

Answer, n., ngiiama, diima, 

pote ; Ifima, kpembo, wo- 

t|. Ta ti wove ti we. They 

did not answer them 
Ant, n., gili, kowo, mbe- 

mboli, piipu, vfli, koko 
Antagonist, n., njia-mo, 

Ant-eater, n., kanye, kimbo 
Antelope, w., bene 
Ant-hill, n,, hegi, plu. hegia 

(yr higia 
Anticipate, tr, v., htihou, 

hiimbu, hiibua 
Antipathy, w., tolo 
Ant-lion, n., kpiikpunye. 

Queen of white ants, glli- 

Ant's-nest built in a tree^mo 

Anus, n,, kpoma, tgkpiila, 

Anvil,' w., ngai-ggtu 
Any, adj„ gbi; anything, 
hani gbi, haka gbi ; any- 
body, miimu gbi; any 
time, hii yela. Ndoli ha- 
ka gbi bi yeya 
Apart, ac^v,,ndowu, kakama 
Ape, n., ngglo, ngoro 
Apologize, tr. v., magbate 
Apostle, n., to-mo 
Appal, tr. v., hiilua 
Apparel, kiila, kola ; female 

apparel, yambo 
Apparent, adj., kengele 
Apparition, w., kama-hani 
Appeal, tr. v., li a njia 
Appear, intr, v., ke, ge; 
appear unexpectedly,gola. 
I gonga a-ngie,He showed 
Appearance, »., gbia ngii- 

ma, kamo-hani 

Appease, tr, v., ll leili, lo- 

ndo, ndeli, nepo. Lile- 

li va, for peace sake 

Applause, w., kpaDJi, kpaji 

Apple, w., ngulu wa, i.e. 

Apple of the eye, n., nga- 

Apply, '<r. v., moli, gbonda 
Appoint, tr, v,, we 
Approach, intr, v., la-gbea- 
nga. Ngi lama ngi gb|a- 
nga wa 
Approbation, n,, ndileli 
Appropriate unlawfully, mo 
Approve, tr. v., longo, leke, 
fialel Exclamation ex- 
pressing approval 

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April, n., ngelf v6, i.e. the 
dry April sun from 
November to April 
Apron, n,y hama yiila 
Apt, to be, mahoungo 
Archer, n., ndlpa wili-mo 
Arm, n., mbSke = bfke, 
toko = loko* yake ; arm- 
hole, armpit, kpumbu, 
kpombu; kpaki; upper 
arm, shoulder; bone of 
the arm, kpaki gale 
Armour, n., ko-hani, kgtu- 

loma. Go mayi hakei 
Aromatic gum, n., kpeje 
Arouse, tr, v,, ngu = wu 
Arrange, tr. v., magbatf 
Arrival, n., hite or hiti 
Arrive, intr. v,, fo, hiti 
Arrogance, n,, ngama 
Arrow, w., kgtu lipka, kgni 
lipka. Menye, menye ta, 
quiver ; ndikpa vale or 
Artful, adj., mbi ji 
Artist (carver), n., ngiilu 
beli-mo, i.e, in wood ; kotu 
beli-mo, in stone, sculp- 
As, conj'., be, kina be, la = 
na ; as it were, pengo be ; 
as far as, sq ; even as, as 
soon as, kinen, kpag 
Ascend, tr, v., he, de, te; 

to raise up, elevate 
Ascertain, tr, v., hiigbe, hii 


Ashamed, to be, ngiife, wiifl 

Ashes, n,, nduvu ; tr! v., to 

bum to ashes, turned 

into ashes 

Aside, to put, ndama or 

lamagb&tf. Kakama, se- 

Ask, tr. v., moli, hiiveli ; ask 

with a present, as for a 

wife, mboya feli 
Askance, cuiv., sengbe 
Assemble, tr. v., nganda, 

ngandanga, kome = g5- 

me ; assembled' to a feast, 

sombo = jombo. Mu jo- 

mboa hindei ji 
Assembled army, n., sal 
Assembly, n., k^ma, kgme 
Assent, nini; so it is, yd 
Assert, tr. v., no 
Assist, tr. v., gbo, kponya, 

Assistance, n., kponya = 

gbonya, sahu kpoma 
Associate in fighting, n., 

Assuming, htlwolo 
Astonished, to be, bu htl,hfi- 

bungo bi va, wii, wiingii, 

ha-bu, hawu. Ti gbi ti 

wii hti bungo yelf , They 

were all much astonished 
Asunder, ctdv,, ndiiabii 

gole; cut asunder, tewe 

At, prep,, ma, gama; at 

once, ke yakpf; at all, 

PQto mbe, tingon, fangon. 

Atmosphere, n., htl 
Atrocity, n., kpiinde hinda 
Attack, tr. v., kpiinde = 

Attain to, tr, t;.,ldk$ hiti ; at- 
tain to manhood, ndakpa 
Attempt to do, nemakgli 
Attend to, tr. v,, hfi meni. 

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Ddali = lali ; mahiigbe, 

19. Ke ti lalini ngi ma 
Attentively, adv., tingon 
Attract, tr, v., malala 
Auger (bit), w., biimu 
August, n,; nauo 
Aunt, w., nje-wul6 
Authority, *n., maba-yla, 

kpaya hinda we, ngii 
Avenge, tr. v., hiinyQ 
Avenger, w., hunyo-mo 
Avoid, tr, v., jowi ; avoid 

to see, gbindi. To deny, 

Awake, intr, v., wu, so, ngu 
Awe, n,, malua, maluango 

Awning, large, n., tolo 
Axe, w., komi ; axe without 

a handle, konu mene, 

sgndu gonu 


Babbler, n., njepe w5ya-mo 

Babe, n., ndola 

Bachelor, n.,' ndagba 15 

Back, n., p$ma = w5ma ; 
to turn the back, p6v§; 
to carry on the back, 
popo ; back of the head. 

Backbite, tr, v., mayafa, 

njafa, ngafa 
Backbiter, n,, ngafa-mo 
Bad, adj., nyamu ; to be or 

become bad, nyamungo; 

bad-tempered, ndima 

Badness, n., hinda nyamu 
Bag, n., nongba, bolo ; cow's 

b&g, nikanylni. Sgndo, 


bag carried upon the 

Bail (handle), n., kpawu 
Bait, n., tomo 
Balance, give tfie, ngakpa ; 

balance wheel-stone in 

weaving, yenda ; balance, 

remainder due, ndekpu, 

Bald, adf., yele ^vi\ 
Ball, n., kate'; ball of cotton, 

Ball (gun), kale = gale 
Bamboo-tree, n,, ndiivu = 

liivu; bamboo-tree wine, 

ndiifu, konu 
Banana, w., sele, seli, tende 
Band, n., ngeya = yeya 
Bandage, n.,* ngeya 
Bank (place of * exchange), 

n., navo maluvema 
Bank (shore), n,, ngiye, ka- 

ku ; steep bank, kombo 
Bar, w., ba 
Barb, as upon a Kano spear, 

Barber, w., ngu wgle mo 
Barely covered, wojege 
Bark, n., ngiilu gole,njenje, 

yflni, kokolo 
Barn, w., kpiiwa, gbiie 
Barrel, n., kole, kolo * 
Barren, adj., k^)gma, kpema. 

Ngi nyaha gbemango le. 

His wife is barren 
Barricade, n., dadai, tembe, 

Barter, tr, v., felego 
Basin, n,, kalo, kar5 
Basket, w., tekpe ; one who 

carries a bai^et, lekpe 

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w5-mo. Bala, piga, saja^ 
samba, piya 

Bastard, w., hite-lo, poe, 16 

Baste, tr, v., sgko 

Bat, n., taja, ndeve,'toka 

Bathe, tr, v., mua, wua 

Be, subs, v., le, ye, be, mia, 
yele. It is true, tony a mia 

Bead, n., mini, solo, kpondi, 

Beak, n., songba, nda-bowa 

Beam, w., ngulu giiha 

Bean, n., tola 

Bear, tr, v., ndola, nde = le, 
i.e. children; bear* fruit, 
wua; bear about, mbe- 
mbe ; bear upon, kponcia 

Beard, w., kpele = gbele ; 
bearded and beard of 
grain, magbiti ; beard 
on the sides of the face, 
kpakpa = side whiskers ; 
person with a dick beard, 
kpele vanja; beard of 
grain, fili 

Beast, n.f ndagbo hani, hiia 

Beat, tr. v., hija ; beating 
with the mouth, i.e. inces- 
sant, painful tallying, 
ndagbale, manyo ; to beat 
or grind into flour, fuka 

Beautiful, adj., nyande ; to 
be beautiful, nyaijdengo ; 
beautify, nyandi 
Beauty, n., nyandegi, nya- 

Beaver, n., bive 
Because, conj., gbamaile, 

ji va 
Become, intr. v., we, wele, 
wote, pele; become inde- 
pendent of labour, jama 

Becoming (fit), houni, ma- 

houngo: not becomiDg, 

ma i-houni, be, bengo 
Bed, w., kpiiko; high bed, 

bell, ndama 
Bed-chamber, w., lama, i.e. 

a place to lie down 
Bed-fellow, n., nyinyo. To 

share the bed with 

another, kpiiko makpo 
Bee, w.,komi, and honey ; v., 

to lick. Bee's water = 

honey, kanya 
Beef, n., nika hiia 
Beetle, w., gondo, beke; larva 

of the goniio, ndofo = 

Befall, intr. v., male 
Before, prep., la,tiigo, tuwo, 

labu, pei, pen, lugo, ge, 

Beforehand, ikpeleima, liigo, 

ng9va, wggba, yese 
Beg, tr. v., feli = veli, feliwei 
Beget, tr. v., nde = le; be- 
getter, le-mo, plu. lebSla, 

lebelesia', the natural 

father, parents 
Begin, tr. v., tato = lat9 
Beginning, w., tatpma; be- 

gining of a play that 

ends in public mourning, 

Beguile, tr. v., kgde 
Behayiour, w., we-hlnda; 

genteel behaviour, sama 

Behead, tr. v., hgn tfwe 
Behind, prep, and adv., 

pgma = woma 
Behold, tr. v., kpe = gbe, 


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Belch, intr, v., kimbo 
Believe, tr. v., hou a'tonya 
Believer, w., tonya hou-mo 
Bell, n., kpamande, bama- 

Bellow, m<r.v.,kpawo, kpao. 

A kpawo kina nika hina, 

He bellows like a bull 
Bellows, n., kuli boko, fiile ; 

blacksmith's bellows, fiiie, 

Belly, n,, ko, kohu. Nya 

goi fango. I ko wiimbua. 

Lower part of the belly, 

Beldngiog to, nya wo le; 

i.e. it is my own, bi wo 

le, nda 
Beloved, adj., ndlma = 

lima; the beloved, ili- 

Below,' prep, and adv., mbu, 

Belt (waistcloth), n., hama- 

Bemoan, tr. v., ngo = wo 
Bench, n., gbehe, he-wuli, 

Bend, tr. v., koto, kotokoto, 

pon, gawa, ndekpiB 
Beneath, mbu, bu; picked 

up beneath, ngoyombu 
Benevolence, n., hinda 

Beniseed and benniseed, n., 

Bent, adj., soku = jgku 
Bequeath, tr, v., nd9 
Bereave, tr. v., maimo, 

. hInda maimo 
Bereavement, n., hinda 


Beseech (plead for), tr. v., 

Besides, prep, and adv., 

gboma, gbo-hinda, ji 

woma, tewengo ji ma 
Besiege, tr. ' v., kpakpa, 

kpakpa ma 
Besmear, tr. v., kpombo, 

Bestow, tr. v., nyo, go, go 
Bet, tr. v., tikpo 
Betray, tr. v., jeli; betray for 

a reward, majia 
Betroth (a young girl), 

tr. v., falegbia 
Better, it is, fisa, mahou- 

ngo yele 
Between, adv., nduahfi = 

Bewail, <n v., kpala 
Beware, intr. v., mahugbe, 

pe panda, kp^le 
Bewilder, tr. v., hubu, htLwu 
Bewitch, tr. v., honade. 

Practice witchcraft, ti 

bona dea hindoi ji ma 
Beyond, arfv., poma = woma 
Bier, n., haka 
Big, adj., vgno, ndopoi ke 

vono, bango, bili ' 
Bigamist, n., nyaha gbotoa 

Bigamy, polygamy, n., 

nyaha gbbtoa jgraa 
Bill, beak, n.,' songba, nda- 

Bill of divorcement, n., 

kpelema golo 
Billhook, n., mbo-gba. TsL 

ndogbo liiwela* 
Billow, w., njagata; gate 
Bind> tr. v., nglli = ylli ' 

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Bird, n., nwoni and ngni. 

Sikondf, jengbe kulo, 

mbaka, adoine, membu^ 

ndjilu. Bird's feather, 

nwoni yombo, jakoli. 

Flock of birds, kakibo, 

Birdcage, n., kuli, julu. It 

also means iish-trap. 

PaliDgo, ndabo, nda- 

webo. Bird's bill, nda- 

Birth, n,, ndf , le 
Birthday, n., le-vploi ; give 

a birthday, nde 
Bitch, n., ngila hS 
Bite, tr, v., nyl, nyi w§, n,, 

nylma; bite a hook, tu- 

Biter, w., nyl-mo. Tif| ji 

Bitter, acfj,, nona. To be 

bitter, nonango 
Bitter cassada, n., ngiiwo 

Bitterness, n., nwona-hlnda 
Bivalve, n., kemi 
Black, adj,, teli, dell, dedell; 

ngli, as, kole ke ngli. To 

be very black, dellngo 

Black man, n., tell-mo 
Black skin, n., tell ndiiwu 
Blacken, tr, v., teli, m&dell 
Blacksmith, n,, kebi, nga- 

li-mo, ngai-mo 
Blacksmith's shop, n., ngell 

Bladder, n., nggli tfi (tei, 

def. St. of ta) 
Blade, w., nda = la 
Blame (faidt), n., kay§ 

Blameless, adv., kayf gbl 

ti ma. There is no* fault 

in them 
Blasphemy, n., njla ny&mn 

= bad language; blas- 
phemous words, p5wo 

yla le 
Blaze, intr. v., v6 
Bless, mbete, luba; also to 

favour with 
Blessed, to be, bete, betengo, 

Blind and blindness, 

mbole; be or become 

blind, piimu, piimungo 
Blind person, mbdle-mo, 

ngama bgle-mo 
Blindness, n., mbole-hlnda 
Blister, w., caused by the 

whip, kpfle, fiifu, and 

Blood, n., Mma 
Blot, n., ngo yela la 
Blow, n., biilo 
Blow (stroke), botani 
Blunt, to be, hango, ngaha. 

Mbawe ngahango 
Boa-constrictor, w., ndlU, 

Boar, 71., ndonde hina 
Board, n., fanja = vanja, 

gbembela, gembela 
Boast, tr, v., yawo, y^nga ; 

boast over, gokSle 
Boaster, n., y^nga* d'f wS-mo 
Boasting, n., ndawg hinda 

= law9-hlnda 
Boat, n,, ndende = lende, 

mange, yati 
Bodv, n., kpuhS, nduha, 

nduwuluwa, liiwu, plu. 

luwulsia ; ^dead body. 

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p6ma; within the body 
or skin, kahu 

Bog, w., yenge 

Boil, w., ndivo 

Boil, tr, and intr, v,, n§; 
njei i nea 

Boisterous, to be, fefei hCl- 

Bold, adj., ngama, njama 
bengo yele, i,e. to have 
dry, unpitying eyes 

Boldness, n., ngau lewe, 
yau ; boldness in speech, 

Bolt, n., ngulu, pelei gbowu 

Bone, n., kale, gale, seed or 
stone of fruits ; neck- 
bone, mb61o-gale ; shoul- 
der-bone,' kpaki gale; 
hip-bone, kp6ki 

Book, w., kolo = golo 

Boot, n.f koka, koka 

Booth, n., baba, kpiihe 

Booty, w., kapu-hlnda, hani 

Border, n,, vanja, plu. 

Bore, tr. v., mbo = bo, and 
mbo, bo, bu ; bore through, 

Borer (instrument), biima 

Bom, le; bom again, le 
woma gboma 

Borrow, tr, v., slya = jia 

Borrower, n., siya-mo, jla- 

Bosom, n., ndfma, yaka ; in, 

Both, n,, venjo and vengo 

Bottle, n., sani; bottle of 
gourd, kpula 

Bottom, the, imbu, mbu, 

ngiile-mbu, tokpii la ; 

bottom of the foot, yahu 
Bough, n., mbeke, bf ke 
Bound, adj.y yeya; (line), 

Boundary, n., ngeya = 


Bow (crossbow), ndikpa 
Bow (stoop), Mr, v., ma- 

wele, mawe 
Bowels, n., piilu,bulu,wurui 
Bowl, w., haka 
Bowstring, w., ndikpa yeya 
Box (trunk), ti., kana, plu. 

Box (blow), w., botani 
Boxer, n., botani wilimo 
Boy, n., nd5po = 15p9; hi- 

lopo, mahoungo hilopo- 

Isiagbi ti golo ga. Boy's 

play in imitation of the 

Poro, gambo 
Bracelet, w., IsLnye 
Braces, n., kpama 
Brag, intr. v., maliiwa 
Braid, tr, v., ndewe, nga 

hou, ngamo, fele, lapa 
Brain, n., kpono, pono 
Branch, w., mb^ke, beke, 

t5ko, towa. A tree with 

many branches, towa 

Brandishing a sword, k5to 

Brandy, w., ndo ; any kind 

of ardent spirits 
Brass, n., tonga, faji, deme 
Brass kettle, ti., tonga 
Brave, adj., ndima bf , ndlla 

ngama bengo, fiila* 
Bravery, n., ndld5, ndllo 
Bread, n., l^hii \ 

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Break, tr. v,, ngangale, 
ngalf, yangalf, ngg, wo; 
break off, yalf , nga; break 
a promise, ngande, kpuk- 
pnlu; break into small 
pieces, pgponye; break 
out, as an eruption, 
Breaker, n., ngale-mo, ngQ- 
mo ; i.e. of a dish, ngdlo 
Breakfast, n., ngenda mehe 
Breast, n., nini, nyini 
Breast-pocket, w., njiva 
Breath, w., ndevu = leYti 
Breathe, intr, v., ndevu = 
levu ; breathe with diffi- 
culty, vondf, levui la 
Breeches, * w., bombo. 

Breech-cloth, ketali 
Breed, tr, v., nde = If 
Brethren, n„ nd|nga 
Brick, w., ngundf 
Bride, n., tenina 
Bridegroom, w., nyaha-jo- 

Bridge, n„ kpawu 
Bridge-builder, n., kpawu- 

Bridle, w., so-la yeyei 
Bright, to be, vongo* 
Brightly, adv,, gao, daon, 

Brightness, n., Togi 
Brim, n., ndajo, kiri, kinei 
Brimful, adj., lavf ngo 
Bring, tr, v., wa lo a, i.e. 
come with, walo; bring 
to see, li, go ; bring up, 
make; bring a slave child 
for payment, hpukpambu 
Broil, tr. v., mo 
Broken-hearted, li nyani, 

wo, yallngo, ngallngo ; 
broken pieces, nganga-le- 

Brook, w., kpelu 

Broom, n,, k'pa, kpangba» 
ndavale, ndiwale 

Broth, n,, mboya 

Brother, n,, ndf, ndewe, 
nde hindo; plu. forms— 
nd|a, ndenga, ndengesia. 
Elder brother, nd'f hfndo 
wa ; younger brother^ 
nde hind9 loi, and hIndo 

Brother or father-in-law, 

Brother or sister by mar- 
riage, semojemo 

Brother of the husband or 
sister, semomo. Mother's 
brother,* kenya or k§nya 

Brother or sister by the 
same father, but of diflFer- 
ent mothers, ke-makpo 

Brow, w., tawa 

Brow of the eye, ngama 

Brown, adj\, gbongo 

Bruise, n,, bowa, b9wango ; 
woponye, * kpondo ne- 
muma; mbgwa mabola, 

Brush, 71., ndivale 

Brush off, tr, v., mayela; 
brush upon, makpuk- 
pule, magbiikpule 

Brushwood, w., ndoka 

Bubble, w., fule = viile 

Bucket, w., bogoti 

Bud, 71., kpQku,tiwo 

Bug, 71., gbegbeyalo, hita, 
gbemgbe-yawu, uja-nene 

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Bugabug, n,, gili 

Build, tr. v., do, dongo; 
mbo, bo 

Builder, n., to-mo, pele-do- 

Building, w., mawele 

Bulk, n., kpuhe, wongo 

Bull, 71., nika hlna 

Bullet, 71., kale, kpande 
gale ^ 

Bunch of beads, ^angba 

Bundle, ti., nguma; bundle 
of grass, kpiti-yili 

Burden, ti., haka 

Burial, n., kpola ; burial- 
place, sekenda ; burial- 
ground, kpowuma 

Burn, tr. v., mo; bum to 
blackness, tevi t§ka 

Burning, ti., mola 

Burnt-offering, sa-hani mo- 
la. Ta mongoi. Burnt 
field, motu 

Burrow, 7i., ta 

Burst, tr, and intr., bela, 
piile, ngale, bull; burst 
out crying, ngo 

Bury, tr. v., kpowu; bury 
temporarily, geve 

Bush, n., ndogbo, ngole. 

Bush-fowl, kokaye, ku- 

, bengo, tewe, nyangbe, 

tua-wulo. Bush-cow, ti*., 

heke. Bush- deer, malu 

Bushel, n., mola 

Business, n.', hinda, we 

Busy, to be, gbengo 

But, conj'.f ke 

Butcher, n., to-hani ba-mo, 
hiia hawa-mo 

Butter, 71., matinga 

Butterily, ti., kogSnde, k5nde 

Buttock, 71., ngoto 

Buy, tr. v., ng|ya = yeya, 

Buyer and seller, ngeya-mo 
By-and-by, kiina, wei, wuei, 

a kpele weka =at another 


Cabbage (palm), n., mbole, 

Cable, n., ngea, ngeya wa 

= yeya wa 
Cackle*, intr, v., kpekpe 
Cadaver, ti., poma 
Cage (trap), n'., kiill 
Calabash, n,<, ta = da ; ta 

ndogbo hii 
Calf, 71., nika 15; calf of 

the leg, haka 
Calk, tr. v., sojo 
Call, tr. v., toll, wale; call 

by name, lahei 
Called, waeni, waleni, wa- 

Calling, verb, n,, walela, va 

Calloo, 71., seini 

Calm, adj,, ndl lellngo, li 

leli ; v., nepo 
Calmness, n.y ndila, londo- 

ngo, ndondowa 
Calumniate, tr. v., ngafa 
Calumny, n., ngafa 
Camel, 7i.,ngelQba,nyogome, 

kamili. I jia kuhama soi 

Camwood, ti., mbundo, 

Can, tr. v,, ku, gu 

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Candle, n., wiili, hemn 
Candlestick, n., limbo wiili 
Cane, w., rope, mbalu; 

cane of authority, tikpo 
Cannibal, n., boni-mo, bgni 
Cannibalism, 71., bgni-hlnda, 

Cannon, w., dugba 
Canoe, w., menge, ndende 
Cap, n., bglo ; cap of skin 
placed over the lock of 
a gun to keep it dry, 
kpande vanja 
Cape, n., sokui hii, nja jokui 

Capon, n., te hina nuni 
Capsize, tr. v., yapele 
Captain, n., ko gugbe 
Captive retaken, w., kpla- 
mo ; goods retaken, kpla- 
hani ; war-captive, ko- 
h5u; captive taken while 
fighting or fleeing, kende- 
Captivity, n., kohSu or koh? 
Carcass, n., poma' 
Care, w., kpe, mahil kpe = 

gbf, menima 
Carefully, adv., panda-wan- 
Careless, ctdj,, wole 
Caress, tr, v., nepo* 
Carnally minded person, 

Carnivorous, adj\f ndaha 
Carpenter, n., ngiilu bfli- 

mo. Sapinda 
Carpenter's shop, ngulu 

Carrier, n,, p$p5-mo, carrier 
of a basket, tekpew9p5mo 
Carry, yala, lla, p6pQ; carry 

from place to place, 

Cart (waggon), n., kong5l9 

Carver, n., ngUla beli-mo 
Cask, w., kolo 
Cassia, 7i.,*tanga; bitter 

cassada, ngiiwo danga 
Cast, tr. v., plli = wlli, kpla 

= gbia 
Castrate, tr, v,, niini 
Castration, n., nunl-hinda 
Cat, n., gone, kpawe, man- 

gato pggoi, manyala, 

mgni; wild cat, nda-nda- 

kul5 ; spotted cat, nyan- 

gbe, kendawi, lolo 
Catcli, tr. v., hou, kp| = gbe ; 

catch with the* hand, 

kpavo, ngasa 
Caterpillar, n., kpekpeli, 

Cattle, n.y to-hani, lo-hani 
Cattle-owner, n.,to-hani mo, 

kupu to-hani mo 
Cause to cease, kpe ; cause 

to conform, njogbo ; cause 

to show, maylage, hligbe- 

Causeless, adv., gboma 
Caution, n., ndahila 
Cautious, to be, lahfngo, 

Cave, n., kpulu = gbulu 
Cavity, in an ants' nest, pii. 

Havinga hugbukpu 
Cease, intr. v., naondo = 

londo, gele 
Centipede, w., konu, ngii 
Centre, n., ndfa = l!a 
Chaff, 71., ka = ga; def.8t. 

kei = kai, gei = gai 

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Chain, n., lowo 
Chair, n., kpakali 
Chalk, n., hoja, hojo 
Chameleon^ n., ndokalo 
Change, tr, v. and n., ma- 

wovi, malnwe, maluve, 

Changer, n,, mawovi-mo 
Channel, w., pati 
Chapped, adj., nonyo 
Chapter, n., ngii 
Charcoal, w., kpiinye 
Charge, n., ndahi; v„ lahl- 

Charm, w., hale, hale-hlnda 
Charmed, or possessed of a 

charm superior to all 

other charms, suwa wa 
Charmer, n., hale-mo, hale 

^ Chaste,' adj., siiesiie 

Cheap, adj., bagbanga, nya- 

Cheat, tr. v., kafa, kafa we, 

Cheater, »., kafa-mo 
Cheek, n., ba, gbogbo, ba- 
Cheer, n., le-leli 
Cheerful, to be, kahri-gbla 
Cherished feeling of hatred, 

ndima gale 
Chest, n,, ndlma 
Chew, tr, v,, nyiima, nyuma- 

ngo ; also mbahii nyuma- 

ngo. To half chew, majo- 

ya, majoso 
Chief, w., sama = jama; 

chief of the Sande, s6wo ; 

chief of the Poro, tas5 ; 

chief of an island or 

country, tiiwo, mbawa 

Chiefly, adv., ngui lo 

Chieftainship, n., sama- 

Child, w., ndo = lo, 1§, nd6- 
po = lopo ; a child large 
and strong considering 
its age, kpakolo; child 
able to walk, jia-io 

Childhood, n., ndopoya 

Children, plu., ndfngo = 
lenga, ndengesia, lengesia 

Children's talk, n.] nida- 

Chimney of a lamp, n., 
sani, ngombu-lama 

Chin, n., kpokpo = gbogbo, 

Chisel, n., sondu, gonu, ndg- 

Choice, n., ndima 

Choke, tr, v., hiigbe 

Choose, tr, v., Mwoya, 
mbiimbu = wumbu 

Chop, tr, v., nonya, yenonyo 

Chronic ulcer, n., ngele 

Church (the building),'jnge- 
wowele; Church (the con- 
gregation), Ngando-b61a 

Churlish, n, and adj., ndi- 
ma nyamu 

Cicatrice, n., so 

Cinder, n,, teka 

Circle, n., ka, kala 

Circular, n., kere, kikili 

Circulate, tr, v., jla 

Circumcise, tr, v., bili, bibl- 
lia, hebiliya; iheibilia; 

Circumspectly, adv., s5isoi ; 
walk circumspectly, jia 
s5isoi and suesiie 

Citizen, n,, ta-wai-mo, 

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plo. ta-wa b^ tade, 
' tejengbe 

Clamour, n^ sole = jole 
Clap hands, panji^ kpaji 
Clarify, tr, v., ndoke. Bi 

yamei lokengo 
Clasp, tr, 't;.,*kavi 
Claw, plu. claws, «., nge- 

ngaln, ngengalo = yen- 
gala ; animal with claws, 

Clay,'w., polo, pgro, pena; 

pottei^s clay, bowo, bowo 

Clean, to be or to make, 

kglengo, ngela, kole = 

gole, wna fe; to wash 

clean, f5f5 sahe 
Cleanse, tr, v., mayela ; 

cleanse and dress well 

for show, kpela-gbia 
Clear, as the ground for 

cultivation, malu, ndoka 

nd§w§, ndowe 
Clear and clearly, ke, saha, 

sasa, sage, sewe, waon; 

clear, full of light, daon 
Clearing the bush, n., ndoka, 

nd5kala, ndew^, ndowa, 

Clear-sightedness, n., nga- 

Cleave to, mtr, v., fefe = 

Clever, to be, become, ne- 

mahii df w§, bf li 
Climb, tr. v., te=de. Hoop 

for climbing palm trees, 

Climber, w., ngSyako 
Clinch, intr, v., kgndo 
Cloak, n., tQma 

Clog (of wood), n., kpewo 

Close (shut),<r. v., lagbaxt, 
lagbawa, tiwi, closing up, 
pelehu boma 

Close-handed, i.e. greedy, 
ngeya gondo ; to close 
the hand tightly, mondo 

Closely, adv,^ kebi 

Cloth, n., kiila, gSla, pin. 
kulani, kolani, golani ; 
wopo giilei, yolu. An 
African-made cloth two 
fathoms long, ndawele- 


Clothe, tr, v., nglli = yili, 
mayili, mayllmgo 

Cloud, n,, ngele, kpili 

Cloudy, ac?i;.,*ligbili 

Club, n., pgna 

Cluck, intr, v., kpekpe 

Cluster of houses, kiigu 

Coagulate, intr. v., nji 

Coal, n,, teka, viiko 

Coarse, adj,, woya " 

Coast, n,y lata 

Coat, n.f kiimba 

Coax, tr. v., nepo, ndane 

Coccyx, the point of, ngo- 

Cock, n., te hina; shuttle- 
cock, dikpo 

Cock bird's spur, w., mava 

Cock-crow, n., kokoli 

Cockroach, w., kpekpe, 

Cock*s comb, n., sengbe 

Cocoa, w., paji and baji, pii, 

Cocoa-nut, n., tglu, piiru 
dolu, i,e, white man's 

Coerce, tr, v., kponda 

Coffer, n,, gana 

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CoflBn, n,, koraa gana 
Coil, tr, and intr., koto; 

coil round and round, 

koto-koto ; fuko = viiko 
Cola-nut, n., tolo 
Cold, adj., kole; to be or 

grow cold, kolengo 
Collect, tr. t;.,kome, ngando, 

tema = dema, tembe = 

dembe. Mbe fayango 

dema navo demba 
Collected, sange, senge 
Collector, n., ngando-mo 
Colt, n., so-lo, so yio 
Comb,w.,kpegbe = gbegbe; 

v., wiii hukpia. Crest of 

the rock, sengbe 
Come, intr. v., wa ; come 

out, kpia, wa; come forth, 

hiti ; come together, 

gome; come to pass, 

njiei i wa ; come to, kona 
Comer, w., pa-mo 
Comfort, n., manene, nepo 
Coming, n., wagi, pa 
Command, n. and v., ndahi 

= lahi 
Commander, n., ko-mahu 
Commandment, sawe = 

jawe ; sawa ndahi = lahi 
Commence, tr. v.j^tato 
Commencement, n., tatoma ; 

the commencement, itat5- 

Commendable act, n., hinda 

Commerce, n., felego 
Commit, tr. v.] ndema = 

Common, n., munga gba- 

Companion, n., mba,, knma, 

mho, mbai, ndakpf , nyo ; 

bad companions, nji-nyo 
Companionship, n., mba 

Compare, tr. v., sale = jale 
Compass, tr. v., bombe 
Compassion, n., mamao, 

mamau, manuma 
Compel, tr. v., kponda 
Compensation,di8miss with, 

veil, paga 
Complain, tr. v., kponde 
Complaint, n,, mayia, ma- 

jagbe, kponye 
Complete, intens. adv., kpa ; 

tr. v., ngakpa ngakpo, 

wela, pela, ngakpla 
Completely, adv., tani, pe- 

jeje, pepeje bele, digbo, 

mole, nati, kebeli, kpe- 

nkpeje, kpoto, kpokporo, 

fe, feye, fia, fino, and 

fino, fo, vendo sen, sila, 

sul * 
Comportment, n., we-hlnda 
Composed in mind, ndl 

Compound, tr. v., makpo, 

Comprehend, tr. v., hiigolo 
Comrade, n., mba 
Conceal, tr. v., lowu gbowu, 

mawele; nearly concealed, 

Conceive, tr. v., ko wiimbu. 

Ngi nyaha ko wiimbu 
Conception, n,, ko wiimbula 
Concern, n., hinda, njia, 

Coacerning, joar^., ndalongo, 

ndalo. I njia leni ndalo- 

ngo Kare ma 

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Conclude, tr, v., kele and 

CJonclusion, n., kelema 
Condemn, tr. v., nde = le. 
Hindei jisia leke ti ngi le 
Condition (state), n., ya 
Conduct, n. and v., pe, we, 
we-hlnda; good conduct, 
Confess, tr, v., kaye = gaye 
(also fault,transgression). 
Ta gayea ti hinda nyamu- 
Confession, n., kayema 
Confide in, tr, v., la = nda 
Confidence, nya li gbi hi- 

ndioi na ngau 
Confirm, tr, v,, nda, pela 
Conflagration, n., ngombu 
Conflict, n,, ndapi = lapi 
Conform, tr, v., njogbo; 
to cause to conform, and 
to obey 
Confound, tr, v., be con- 
founded, ndihele. Hi- 
ndei ji ke i nya li hole 
Confuse, tr, and intr, v,, 

hubu. Bi nya hiibua 
Confusion, n., fawoli, favoli, 

Congeal, intr, v., nji = yl 
Congealed, ndagulo 
Congratulate, tr, v., s§-gbia, 

to thank 
Congregate, tr, v., ngando 
Conjugal intercourse, n,, 

soloi wf 
Conquer (scatter^ tr. v., 

Conqueror, n., ko-faya-mo I 

Consent, n, and v., kuloi, 
ndiima = lilma, tuma = 
duma, yela 

Consolation, 7»., nepo, hinda- 

Console, tr. v., nepo 

Conspiracy, ng5 yela la, 
vomi, kanjo, kpgni* 

Conspire, tr, v., ti ngo yela 
la, vomi wua, kanjoHWua, 

Consternation, n., miiamua 

Constipate, intr, v,, kembele 

Constipation and constella- 
tion of Orion, konu ngu, 
lit. the handle of an axe 

Constrain, tr, v,, kponda, 
no, li noi ngi ma 

Constraint, n.,hinda kponda 

Construct, tr. v,, gb&te = 

Consult, tr. v., ngii-hlte 

Contain, tr, v,, so = jo ; con- 
taining much, kvL 

Contempt, n., bo, slo, sonde. 
To express contempt by 
sucking the teeth, jonde 

Contemptuously, to treat, 
sasi, voir 

Contentand contentment, w., 
ndlla ndileli. The boy's 
contentment with every- 
thing he had, Kdop5i 
ngi lelingo hani gbi vangi 

Contention, n,, njfa-njia 

Continually, adv,, lei, pepe, 
takpa, yolo, kunafo 

Continuance, verb, n., noma 

Continue, tr, v., no, yS, liiva, 
yayema, Igmbi 

Continuously, adv., d&nQ 

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Contract, ir, and intr. v., 

tguyo. To assume a 

rumpled form, kutu 
Contradict, tr, v., magbia, 

Contradicter, n., njla ma- 

Contrary, to be, velongo • 
Control, tr, v., mahugbe 
Controversy, n,, mahali 
Contusedly, adv., kpi 
Convened, adj., sombo 
Convenient (day), hiilango 

vo; convenient time, wo- 

Conversation, n., mahali, 

nje pe, njepe 
Converse, intr, v,, nj§pe = 

Convocation, n,, kome 
Convulsion (fit), n., hfga 
Cook, tr. v., nglli = yiU 
Cook, w., mah§i ylli-mo 
Cooked soft, ndiiwa, kondo 
Cooking pot, kgve 
Cool, adj. and n., lele, nde- 

li ; cool heart = peace, 

Copiously, adv., yoto 
Copy, tr. v., poko 
Coral, n., kuaji 
Cork wood, n., ngSv? 
Com, n., mba, ng9hiti, nyo 
Comer, n., kundo, tQhu 
Corpse, n., niimu hango, 

poma = w$ma 
Corroding disease, n., ^je- 

Cormption, n., manylmi 
Cost, costly, kpango, bai 

Costiveness, k^hii h^n 

Cotton, w., fande ; soft cot- 
ton, fand§ yiiff 
Cotton thread, fandf limbi- 

Cotton tree, fande wiilu, 

ngiiwo. Unspun* cotton, 

njowe yufe; cotton ball, 

fande gatf j feindo limba 
Couch-grass, w., ngara be- 

Cough, n. and v., tohe, to- 

hee, tohene 
Coughing, n., tohema 
Council, n., ngii hite we, 

Counsel, tr. v., ndahi = 

lahi, ngo 
Counsellor, n., wu hfti mo 
Count, tr. v.y kpa, kolonda 

Courage, courageous, ndido, 

Covenant, «., hula, ngayili, 

Covenant-breaker, n., ngo 

yela nyani-mo 
Cover, tr. v., pele, mawele, 

wele, mawelengo, pu 
Covet* tr. v., mani 
Covetous, to be, ngama wo, 

ngawo we, yama neingi; 

covetous person, ha'ni li- 

Covetousness, n., ngamawo 

hinda, i.e. having large 

Cow, n., nika ha, plu. 

nikani ; wild cow, tenui. 

A large breed of cows 

from the Df country, 

Cow-bird, n., yonembe 


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Crab; n,, ngaka 

Crack, as nnts, tr, v., tete ; 

cracked, gbonge, ng^ld 
Crafty, adj., kas6 
Cramp, n., tdtiml 
Crawl, intr, v., nanga 
Crazy, to be or to become, 

kpbwango, gbQwa 
Creases upon the neck, n., 

mb5l5 genye 
tJreate, Vr. v., kpate = gbate 
Creation, n., hani gbatela 

Creator, n,, kpale-mo 
Creature, n,, t^hani, kpate- 

Credit, n., kpa, kpagba 
Creditor, n., kpa-will-mo 
Credulous, adj., wekende; 

ndopoi ji ngi wekindegno 
Creep, intr. v., dala, t&ro 
Creeper (vine), n., nge yako 
Creeping grass, n., ya'ni 
Creeping things, n., taro 

Crest of a cock, n., te jengbe 
Cricket, n., petu; large 

cricket, maneku, kembo 
Crinerine, or crinere, a 

vegetable, ng§ngel§ 
Cripple, to be or turn into, 

Crisp, to make, v., ng§le 
Crocodile, n., ndamba; a 

small kind of crocodile, 

kugbf. I ngalu wii na 

nii nam gbgyongo. It lays 

about eighty eggs 
Crooked, adj., sgku, kanu. 

P§lf i jokungo 
Cross, w., kpekpa ; v., tewe 
Cross, <w(;'. = ugly,kp§ngba 

Cross-bow, n., ndikpawa 
Cross-eye, n., ngama If kpe 
Crow, n., ggma 
Crow-crow, n., ngwo 
Crowd of persons, n., kiila, 

fana = faha; crowd 

against, klje ; to crowd, v., 

Crowing of the cock, kok5l§ 
Crown, n., heimbe 
Crucify, tr. v., kpakpa ngii- 

Cruel, adj.y ndima bengo, 

Crumb, n., kpukpuli 
Crush, tr. v., woponye 
Cry, intr. v., ngg = wq, 

kpau, kpad, kpawo, gba$, 

giila, piUe = bule ; i biilea 

Cubit, n., nunoko 
Cud, n., ba-nyiima 
Cunning, adj. and adv., 

kas$, mbiji ; cunning 

cheat, kos9l5 
Cunningness, n., kaso-hinda 
Cup, n., mbola, bola* 
Cupboard, n., kaha, gana 
Curdled milk, n,, nono, 

Cure, n., mba5, baw$ 
Curious, <uij., kandf 
Curl, intr. v., tonyo 
Current of water, vombu; 

swift current, magbf nde 
Curse, w., sondu ; v., sondu 

gbia ngeli = yeli, yeliigo; 

vote. Curse of God, 

Cursing, spndu-sfndu 
Curtail, tr. v., madfwf, 


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Custom, n,, w^hinda ; 
babit, pe blnda ; tax, njala 

Cut, ir, v., tewe; cut to 
pieces, tetewe ;* cut down 
with an axe, nwona, pa ; 
cut away, pinye ; cut off 
with the finger, ponde; 
cut open, manwona ; cut 
closely, mahaga ; cut off, 
malfwe; cut into small 
pieces, kpuka 

Cuticle of grain, n,, gima- 

Cutlass, n., kpato 

Cutlass-fish, n,, ndanye 

Cutter, w., tewf -mo 

_„^jr, n., saki = jaki; 
one possessed of a dag- 
ger, saki-mo; one killed 
by a dagger, saki-ha-mo 

Daily, adv.^ every day, foloi 

Dainty, daintily, kese-kese 

Dale, n., hindei ngiyS file 
liia hii 

Dam,of personsand animals, 
n., koima 

Damage, n., nyani hinda; 
v., nyani 

Damn, v., ngamone jo 

Damnation, n., ndema, 

Damp, adj. and n., ndeli = 
leli ; to be damp, If lingo 

Damsel, n,, nyapo, ndapb 

Dance, n, and v., kii kua 
==gii giia, gbua, maju, 

maya, jenjen, ka, koa 
war-dance, koto gbole, 
koboi, gbonjo, gbengu 

Dancer, n., *gbiia-mo, gbu- 

Dancing-place, n., gbiiama 

Danger, n., ndihele 

Daringly, adv.^ kiinjahii 

Dark, adj., kpindi ; very 
dark night, kpindi nili 

Darken, tr. v., kpindi. Fo- 
loi a gbindi lo magbindd. 
Darkened by a cloud, 

Darkness, n., kpindi, kpindi 

Darn, ^r.t;.,jondo 

Dart, n., vale 

Dash, v., ho * 

Daughter, n., nyaha 16, plu. 
nyaha loisio; daughter by 
marriage, ndO nyaha 

Dawn, n.y ngel|-w5. Kina 
ngele tatoni' a w6la 

Dav, n., fol6 = volo, kii ; to- 
day, ha'; all day,* ha kpen; 
some day, on a certain 
day, ku tenga ma; the 
second, third, and fourth 
day future, feyao bei ; 
the second, thiri, and 
fourth day past, feyao me; 
day before yesterday ,'gege 

Daylight, n., kewo ^ kevo ; 
daybreak, ngelf W9 

Dazzle, dazzled*, iniamia 

Dead, death, n., ha; dead 
body of any kind, poma 
= woma ; to be dead, 
hango ; dead person, ha- 
mo ; the place of a dead 
person, hama ^ 

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Deaf, adj., ngoli hii gbonda 
Deaf person, ngoli hu gbo- 

nda-mo; stubborn 
Deafened, ngoli hii gbindi ; 
I am deaf, nya wohu 
gbendingo. Ngghii gbo- 
nda-mo. Deafening sen- 
sation produced by loud 
noise, ti-ti-ti 
Death, n., ha, def. st. hei ; 
hala, halei. Death in 
an unusual form, mami- 

Death-bed, n., ha gbuko 

Debate, inir, v., tikpo; n., 
njia-njia hinda 

Debt, n., kpa = gba, kpagba, 
kule ; to be in or to incur 
a debt, kpei hou ; to pay 
a debt, kpa gbiala 

Debtor, w., kpa = gba, kpa 

Decanter, n., sani 

Decay, intr, v., nyani ; 
decayed, ndula 

Deceit, n,, mbaya = baya- 
hinda nugole, kafa-hinda, 
kpowa, hiiyande, peni 

Deceitfulness, nugole 

Deceive, tr. v., nugole hiiya- 
nde, kafa yande ; deceive 
by promises, manja, kode 

Deceiver, n,, baya-mo, nya- 

December, the moon of, 

Deception, n., t5ma-hrnda, 
huyande-hinda, ngande 

Deceptive person, kas? peni 

Deceptive talk, «., bande- 
bande, yara 

Decide, tr. v., tewe ; decide 
in favour, temu; decide 
against, le, nde 
Decrease, tr. v., beli, gonge 
Decree, tr. v., pelu 
Deeptodj., susii = jiiju, yiisii ; 
to be deep, susiingo, yti- 
siingo, huyusiingo 
Deeply, adv., du 
Deer (black), n., hfke = 
hege, ndopa = lopa, tuo- 
wiilo, ndagba ; water- 
deer, kpema 
Defame, tr'. v., ngafa 
Defend pleasantly, hu-ne 
Defile, tr. v., nyani, ng9to 
Defraud, tr. v., kafa 
Dejected, to be, become, li 

Dejection, n., li nyani, li- 

Delay, tr. and intr. v., nde- 
mbi= lembi, kpende, le- 
nge, magbeli 
Delicious, adj., neni 
Delinquent, n., kpende 
Deliver, tr. v., kpia ve gula ; 
deliver a message or 
thing sent, mag5na; de- 
liver, i.e. redeem, ngumao 
= wiimao 
Demand for payment, kpa- 
yla; xirgent demand for 
payment, kponda 
Den, n., kpiilu, buli ; hollow 

of a tree 
Denial, intentional, n., kege, 

Dent, v., tlvo ; turned in 
Deny, tr. v., magbali, ma- 

gali mahali, k^ma 
Depart, intr. v., kpia hCl; 

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one that departs this life, 

Depend on, tr. v., vara-la 
Depopulate, tr. v., ghovo 
Depressed, adj., vengolo 
Deprivation, n., hinda male 
Depth, w., pali hii, njei 

Deranged, adj.,ghowa,, gboa. 

i gbgani 
Deride, tr, v., ngele = yele 
Descend, te = de, ye, hite, 

Describe, tr. v., mahaga 
Desert, w., ngolo 
Design, w., kege 
Desire, 15, mani 
Desirous* of gain, hani 

Desolate, tr. v., t^mbolo, 

gbov6, njola 
Despise*, tr. v., t5 = do, 

toma-d6lo, mindi gbele 
Despiteful, adj., nu ; de- 
spiteful person, nemumo 
Despond, intr. v., vengolo 
Destitute of sense, bfingo 

Destitution, w., feli 
Destroy, tr. v., pa, wa, ny§,ni 
Destroyer, n., pa-mo 
Destruction, n., h&, pa- 

hlnda, ngo 
Destructive power of witch- 
craft, mato 
Detain, tr,' v., madewf, 

Deteriorate, v., nyamu 
Determine, tr. v., ngaylli 
Determination, n., nguhti 

hei. Nya wiii huhfingo 

htodei ji w§ 

Develop, tr, v,, gbegbe, gbe- 

Devil, n., poro yafo, i.e. 

the impersonation of the 

ruling spirit of the Poro 

Devour, tr. v., kapu, nyoyo, 

Dew, n., lugbu, ningiya 
Diarrhoea, w., kohii-gbia, 

kohu lewe ; to cause 

diarrhoea, kpukpula 
Die, intr, v., ha, hala, 

Differ, intr, v,, kpa = gba 
Difference, n., hiiwoya 
Different kinds, kege, ke- 

Difficult, adj., kpakpao 
DiflSdence, n. ngiife 
Dig, tr. v., mbg, bo, and bo, 

Digger, n., mbo-mo 
Digging, verb, n., mbola 
Dilatoriness, n,, nabenje, 

Diligent, adj., panda-wanda 
Disease, n,, bigbe; various 

kinds of disease, hfgbe 

gegelsia. A disease which 

destroys the sensibility 

of the nerves, kesi higbe 
Disgrace, tr. v., sambo = 

Dish, r?.*, kalo 

Dishearten, tr. v., li nyania 
Dishonest, solo nyamu 
Dishonour, tr. v., ta p6wo le, 

pamb5, bele nyami 
Dislike,' ^r. v., d51o, lolongo 
Dismiss, tr. v,, kpele, gbe, 


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Dismount, tr, v., hite, i hitea 
ngi joi mahu 

Disobedience, n., w5hii 
gbonda, tehn 

Disobedient person, n., 
ngohu Rbonda-mo; pin. 
ng5li htl gbonda-belgsia 

Disobey, tr, v,, tehu.gbia, 
tehii wf 

Disorderly, ac^v., yeyS ; dis- 
order, «., yeye-hlnda, 
biij6 ; disorderly in work, 
fuyii, ngele 

Disperse, tr, v., fSya, njanja, 

Display, fond of, mala, 
ndakpao ngi matango 

Displease, intr. v,, kpale, 
tpma, d5lo 

Dispose, ndi to = li d5. I 
was not disposed to go, 
Nya li i doni li va 

Disposition, 7».,hlnda; good 
disposition, hinda yfk- 
pengo; bad disposition, 
niuda nyamiingo. Grood, 
so yekpe ; bad, so Dyamu. 
Dispiosition to avenge 
every injury, ngii hu nyS- 

Disputation, to hold, ma- 
hale hou 

Dispute,* tr, v., mali, ma- 
hali, va, fa. Disputative, 
la-gbanga, ndikpo = ti- 

Disregard counsel, ndombu 

Disrespect to another, 

Dissatisfied, to be, ndl wqIo 

Dissolve, tr, v., ng51o 

Distance, n., kuhama 

Distant, adv,, po hu gnha- 
ngo, kHha, f^fen, fafbn 

Distilled liquor of any kind, 

Distinguish, tr, v., ke, ge, 
i.e. show ; i ngi genga 

Distressing event, n., hInda 

District, n,, lata 

Disturb, tr. v., fowoli,vawQli 

_ yeye, ngf 1$ 

Disturbance, w., yeye-hlnda 

Ditch, n., p6pa, pola 

Dive, tr, v., ndombu = 

Diver, n., ndombu-mo = 

Diverse, adj,, kege = gege ; 
diverse things, &nda 

Divest of clothing, gambi 

Divide, tr. v., kole = gole, 
kolengo; divide among, 
luahu, yanga ; divide 
equally, huhei 

Divination to find out can- 
nibals, tong5ro 

Division, n,, kekele 

Divorce, n., kpele, i.e. to 
leave ; a bill of divorce- 
ment, kpelema gole nye- 

Do, tr, v., pf , pf 1§, w§, wf If , 
pela, wela, doing, to be 
done, wengo, pfngo; do 
now = if you please, kone. 

Doctor, n., ha1§-mo, half 
gbate-mo. Half moi i 
waa higbe-moi halema, 
The doctor has come to 
cure the sick man 


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Doctrine, n., ka, kara = 
ga gara ; def. st. gai 
and gaei plu. gaesia^ 

Dog, n., nglla = ylla; bitoh^ 
ngila ha 

Doing, verb, n., wela, we- 

Done, pcLst part, wfa, 
wenga, wengo, kpoyongo 

Door, n., ndala = fa, pela, 
i,e. the mouth or open- 
ing. The door itself is 
nete; doorway, ndawe 

Dotted, adj,, nyegi 

Double, oSy. and v., koto; 
reduplicated, kotokoto 

Double-minded, ndlfele 

Double-tongued, ne fele 

Doubt, »., gbendela 

Down, adv., mbu, bu, gege 

Downcast, li nyani. Ngi 
li nyania 

Drag, tr, v,, ndala, nda = 
la. A mu ndendei la. 
Kpondo, drag heavily 

Dragon-fly, n,, kpakpani 

Drain, tr. v., beli; drain 
from, majf nde 

Draught, n., gawama 

Draw an inference, v,, nga- 
kpia ; draw out, malaJa, 
ngahQ ; draw heavily, 
kpondo; draw back, as 
the' hand, gawa. Nda = 
IS.. I ye lama kpiilu wa, 
He was drawing near to a 
large cave 

Dread, fear, ndiiwa = liiwa 

Dream, n., hgnga 

Dreamer, n., h§nga-mo 

Dregs, n., kp9 

Dress, n, and v., ngfli=ylli, 

yamb9, magbate 
Dried up, pot§; dried meat, 

hua bf 
Drink, tr. v.,kp61e = gbole, 

n,, hani gbole' 
Drinker, »., kp5le-mo ; 

drinker of wine, ndo-mo 
Drip, fall in drops, hite 
Drive, tr. v,, kpia; drive 

out, gbiala, kpegbema, 

tukpe, magbe 
Driver, w., kpia-mo ; driver- 
ant, kowo 
Drop, tr, v!, kiila ; intr. v., 

hite; n,, drop of dew, 

P9W0, take 
Dropsical person, n., nanga 

higbe-mo, njl higbe-mo 
Dropsy, w., nanga higbe ; 

palsy, fe^ hIgbe 
Drowsy, ddv.^ bQngi 
Drum, n,, gbondo, said to 

be covered with a human 

skin; war-drum, vanga 

yembe, mbili, plu. blleisia, 

mblli wongo, sangba 
Drummer, n., mblli yf li-mo. 

Kele yeli-mo 
Drumstick, n., kele-kpaS 
Drunk, to be, ndo-'hou-hii 
Drunkard, n., ndo-hou-mo. 

Ndo i ngi houa, lit,* Wine 

holds hun, i'.e. he is drunk 
Drunkenness, n,, ndo-h6u- 

Dry, adj., be ; to be dry, bf- 

ngo, beli,'mbe, gall, ggvii, 

hube ; to dry the surface, 

Dry-eye, n., nyama bengo, 

i.e. to be brave 

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Dry season^ n., ngovO or 
ngev5, ngele-vo,' from 
November to April 

Duck, n,, lolo, plu. lololsia 

Dull, adj., ngaba, hango 

Dnllne8s, n,, sgaha; dull- 
ness of hearing. Ti wo- 
llsia ti hngbondoa njla 
meni va, lit. They have 
squeezed their ears not 
to hear the word 

Dumb, adj. J mumu, ndamu- 
mu, mumungo 

Dumbness, n., ndamumu 

Dumb person, n., ndamumu 
mo, mumn-mo, ndanumu- 

Dunce, w., kpowa-mo. It 
also denotes a person not 
connected with any society 
as the Poro or Sande 

Dung, n., kpo or kpg, ndo- 

Durable, adj., ndembi = le- 
mbi (tarrying) 

Durst, imp. of dare, la = to 
have the heart 

Dust, w., polQ polove 

Dust-bin, n,y f&fiil|, kpii- 

Duty, n., hlnda wf. Tax, 

Dwarf, «., tiimbu, njajSla, 

Dwell, intr. v., h?, h§i 

Dwelling, n., yim'a, i.e. 

Dye, for the second time, 
ftse; for tiie third time, 

Dysentery, n,, S§nd9 higbe 


Each, adj., gbi; each person, 
numn gbi. "When gbi 
is nsed with the definite 
form of nouns, it means 
all, every one — wa a kolo- 
Isia gbi beindo ; when used 
with the* indefinite form 
of the noun, it means, no, 
no one, not any — h& wa 
a kolo gbi beindo." (?) 
But frequently gbi is 
found negatived by the 
lengthening of the vowel 
into gbi. 

Each other, reflec, pren., 

Eagle, n., kgwo, kowe ; also 
nsed for hawk 

Ear, n., ngoli = woU; ear 
of com, nyQ hokpb 

Early, adv., tete; very 
early, tetetete; early In 
the morning, tete a Age- 
nda ; to be early, hiimbu, 
bi hiimbua; early rice, n., 

Earnestly^ adv., tin, li gbi. 
I hea a (ndl) li gbi. He 
prays with all his heart 

Earring, n., ngSlI hovule ; 
viile = fiile. Finger-ring, 
tok? ma vule 

Earth, n., ndQlo = lo; ndge, 
def. St. ndoei; pglo = 

Earthen vessel, n., pgro 
haka, poro-ve 

Earthquake, n., kpglini 
ndQloi. NdQ gbf lingo 

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Earthy house, n., wgro baba 

Easily, without eflTort, mete 
East, n., ko ; eastern region 

ko yaka ye yama 
Easy, adj., bebe; to be easy, 

bebengo, bewe 
Eat, tr. V,, me, mehe me ; 

eat fruit, wa me ; eating 

much,mehell, mehellngo; 

eat through as worms, 

Eater, w.,melr-mo, mehelftno 
Eaves, window, n., jende 
Ebb, n,, bell 
Eclipse, n,, ngangoma, nga- 

ngoba, nyangoba 
Edge, n., nda = la = ya. 

The edge of the knife is 

blunt, MbSwei ya hango 
Eel, n., tupu, tupunye, 

Egg, n., ngalu, ngaru = 

yalu, plu. ngaluisia 
Egg-plant, n., peli, k6jo 
Eight, num. adj\, wayakpa, 

Eighty, num, adj., nxk nani 

Ejaculatory prayer, n., so- 

ngba nga gula. Used by 

members of the Poro 
Eject, tr, v., pill 
Elastic, adj., poju, yovu, 

Elbow, n., noko 
Elder persons, ndebSla, nde- 

belfsia = lebelfsia ; elder 

persons of both sexes, 

Elect, tr. v., hiiwoya; the 

electa hiiwQya golsia 

Election of grace, n.,mahou ; 

Elephant, n., hele. Also the 
tusk-ivory top* in a play 

Elephant-hunter,w., kamasQ 

Elevate, tr. v., te = de 

Eleven, num. adj., pii mahii 
yela, plu. yelafsia 

Emaciated, tava, wojSjf, 
kovo, kale, w6je ; to be or 
become emaciated, ganya 

Embrace, tr. v., kuru = 

Embroider upon cloth, none 

Emigration, 71., kpiile, i.e. 
remove from 

Emit, tr. v., pili; emit 
sparks, ne; emit wind, 
ndoku, ndokii wiilu 

Empty, adj.f haka ; empty- 
handed, ngeya haka; tr. 
v., hxkwQ, hugbia. Kanai 
hugbia * 

Encampment, n., ko yilima 

Encircle, tr. v,, mSrgata, 
kavl, kuru 

Enclosed place, n., kata; 
also fence 

End, n. and v., ngakpo, 
kelema, keke gbei ; wela. 
To have ended, finished, 
k^ma. The end of the 
world, ikelema, ndo gele- 
ma. To end, tr. v., kele 

Endure, tr. v., ngakpla, 

Enemy, n., konyo, yafe 

Energetic, adj., fdla ; with- 
out energy, faka lewe 

Engage, i.e. hire, huveli 

English man or thing, 

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Engrave, tr. v., nyegi 
Engnlph, v., magbole = 

swaUaw up 
Enlarge, tr. v., wolo we, 

Enough, adv,, kiingo = 

gungo, kurungo; it is 

enough, i guni 
Enrich, tr. v., kpate 
Ensnared, to become, kg 
Entangle, tr. v., hfiylli 
Enter (a ship), tr. v., fo hu, 

Entice, tr. v., kgde, gole; 

enticing words, njia 

menai, nepo yfa 
Entirely, adv., son, sita, fe, 

fo, fa, ve, kpokporo 
Entrapped, to become, ko. 

Nyei i gga a b6mo, The 

fish is caught in the net 
Entreat, tr. v., .manene, 

Envious,ac5;*.,toma; envious 

word, toma yifi 
Envy, n., toraa ; an evil eye, 

ngamanyamu, tomahinda 
Epilepsy, w., kpongbgni 
Equal, (wi>, iigaheu, jongo, 

mahewu; v,, to m&e 

equal, ndakpao ; an 

equal, tfinga; one equal, 

Equally, adv., sala 
Erect, tr. v., to 
Err, intr. v., bola = wola = 

pgla we 
Error, n.', baya, gaka hinda 
Eructate, intr. v., kimb? 
Escape, tr. v., b§la, wela, fo 
Espoused, adj., bQyani 
Establish, tr. v., w§la 

Eternal, adj., kiinaf(5 

Eunuch, n., mbuhama, 
nunl-mo; to make eunuch^ 

European, n., pu, piimo, 
puru-mo ; European lan- 
guage, puru-yla 

Even, adv., be ; even so, ni 
kinen. Just now he- is 
dying, I ha na be. Even 
as, be, ke 

Evening, n., kpoko, kpoko 

Event, sad, n., manlma 
hinda ; event causing 

^ grief, ndima-voni; event 
causing great excitement 
and leading t6 bloodshed, 

Ever, adv., kunaf5, le 

Everlasting, adj.', kunafo; 
everlasting life, kunafo 

Every, adj., gbi; every- 
thing, hani gbi; every 
person, numu gbi ; 
every one, ngela-ngela 

Evil, adj. and n., ny§,mu; 
evil spirit, hgafa nyamu 
and nyina nyamu; evil 
thing, hinda nyamu ; evil 
desires, mani nyamuisia 

Ewe, n., mbala ha 

Exactly, adv., kinfi 

Exaggerate, tr. v., maluwa 

Exalt, tr. v., mbete, bete, 
de, yade 

Examine, tr. v., SQgbe or 
89gbe; examine carefully, 
majogbe ; examine by 
questioning, hu-mgli, 
hugbele, hiikpekpe 

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Example, n., tSmbf ; v., to 
make an example, kpia 
Exceeding, gbon; exceed- 
ingly, ti If nyania gbon, 
i.e, they were exceedingly 
sorrowful : nygko gbi 
Excel, tr, v., tewe = dewe 
Excellency of power, te wema 

Except, conj,, ngfye, ways, 

ngiye ke 
Exchange, tr, v., malnve 
Exchanger, n., maluye-mo 
Excitable, adj., fula 
Excrement, n., kpo 
Excrescence, n., ndond? 
Excuse, «., mawe, kavale 
Execute, tr. v., nu-wii dewe 
Exercise, tr, v., maha'hiiida 

w§; ko-hinda, war-drill 
Expand, tr, v,, iomhQ = 

Expect, tr, v,, tiigogbf 
Expert, to be, bebe, kaso 
Explain, tr, v,, hugo, nda- 
h§i, kpia, hune; ex- 
plained away, hunoko 
Expose, tr. v., foto-gbia; 
hiigpnga, ndawo; expose 
for sale, mage 
Extend, tr, v., fombo 
Exterior, adj,l p5ma = 

Extinguish, tr, v,, ngiifo = 

Jufo, lufe, neg. e lufe 
Extract, ad teeth, tr, v., 

Extravagant, adj,, mbona 
Eye, n., ngama = yama = 

Eyebrow, n,, ngama yomba, 

Eyelash, n., ngama kpeka 
Eye of a needle, n., inijl- 


Fable, n,, dome, njepe wova 
Fable-teller, n,, dgmei gbia- 

Face, n,, ngama = yama ; 

open face, ngama wongo 
Fact, as, but in fact, ke* rnhg 
Fade, intr, v., nyamu ; fade 

in beauty, logbo = ndo- 

gbg. Tifesia ti lOgbga, 

The leaves* are faded 
Fail, tr, v., ba, ma; fail to 

support a cause, ndombu 

= lombu; fail in an 

attempt, kpula, ffla 
Faint, intr, v., gelu, kelu, 

felee, ti geliingo* 
Fair, cidj., nyande 
Faith, n., tonya hgu, tonya 

hinda ; to keep faith, hi- 

nda hou a tgnya 
Faithful, to be, tgnyango 
Faithful person, »., tonyamo 
Faithless, adj,, ng5li hil 

gbonda bondei ji 
Fall, intr, v,, kiila = gula; 

fallen tree, kowe, kge 
False, adj., nde, le ; false 

witness, nde-seli ; false 

report of death,* tombe 
Falsehood, w., nde-hlnda 
Fame, w., tgwo = dowo ; to 

be famous, dowongo 
Family, n., mb5nda ; family 

relatives, wonga 

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Famine, n., ndole 

Fan, n,, fele = vele, ngafe ; 

V,, winnow : fan a person, 

Fanner, n., ngafo-mo ; 

fanner (the instrument), 

Far, adj, and adv., po, ku- 

hama; very far away, 

po-po-po, P9l9n 
Farewell, to bid, veil ; to bid 

farewell in the morning, 

Farm, n,, kpa, kpale ; farm- 
house, kpu 
Farmer, n., ngbalara-mo, 

Farming season, n,, gbala, 

Fast, quick, kaka, kakaka 
Fast, tr, v., sii hou, houla ; 

n., su 
Fasten, tr. v., kpakpa, pela, 

Fat, to be, wulongo ; w., ngii- 

lu, ngula, ngiilo 
Father, w., ke, name of 

respect addressed to any 

man ; the natural father 

is 1§, nyale, ke, ke-mo 
Father-in-law, n., mbara, 

plu. mba-ranga 
Fathom, n., hou; half a 

fathom, kponda 
Fatten, tr, v., wjilo 
Fault, n., kaye 
Favour, n. and v., ngahu 

ggle, ngau; favour with 

goods luba ; ngau lewe 
Favourable, to be, so yekpe 
Favourite wife or Mend*, 


Fear, n., miiamua, muamii- 
ango, muamiia i dea a-nge 
nduwa, luwa = lua, ma^ 
luwa; to fear cause to 
avoid, j6wi sow! 

Fearful, adj,, nduwa = lua, 
sowl. Ijowia ngi ma, 
ngi layle muamiiango ; 

Feast, n,, k5ma = goma ; 
feast day,* koma voloi. 
To keep a feast, koma *h6u 

Feather, n., njombo' 

February, ix' the moon 
corresponding with Feb- 
ruary, vii 

Feeble, adj., biyo, beyo 

Feed, tr. v., lago, make, 
meli. Ndagoli, n., a 
present of food 

Feeding, verb, n., mela 

FeediDg-place, n., melima, 
makema, malima 

Feel, tr. and intr. v., kolo, 
to, ngatigo; feel pain, 
bale= gbale = kpale 

Feeling of hatred, ndima- 
gale; lit. a bone in the 

Fellow, n., mba; fellow- 
servant, mba-boilopo, 
ndakpa; fellow-labourer, 

Fellowship, n., we mba hi- 

Female, w., ha, nyaha ; nl- 
ka ha, cow ; female servant, 
nyaha bQilop9, niimu- 

Fence, n., kata 

Ferment, n., viile 

Fermented, sag*ba, t&gba 

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ndo; fermented liquors 
of any kind, ndo; fer- 
mented sap of the ndu- 
vu, palm wine, ndiiva lo 

Perrale, kolu nguma 

[Fertile, adj., ndole yekpe 

Pervent in spirit^ ndi gafa 

Testival, koma =goma 

Petch, tr. v., li bi wa a ; go 
thou, come with = bring 

Fever, w., mavula higbe 

Pew, adj,, wulo, wiilu 

Fibre, w., ndando ; fibre of 
the palm leaf, mani ; fibre 
of cotton, fande-yuf§ 

Field, 77., kpale, kpa; kpale 
ndoloi mla. Kale, njopo 
= yopo. Field burnt 
before clearing, kpanga 

Fiend, w., konyo 

Fife, n.y kole 

Fifteen, num, adj., pu mahii 

Fifteenth, num. adj,, ipii 
mahii loluge 

Fiftieth, i nu *f§le mahii pii 
gbgyongo le 

Fifty, nil fele 'mahii pii gbo- 

Fig tree and its fruit, n., 

Fig tree, w., ndaha wiilo, 
wiilu, wuli 

Fight, n. and v., ndapi = 
lapi, kowa 

Fighter, associate in fight- 
iug, w., ndapinyo 

Fill, tr. v., fe = ve, fenda = 
venda, nda ve = lave ; 
fiil with food, kove, hii-v§ 

Film of the eye, n., t§ka 

Filter, tr. v., majendS, ma- 

houla, hoi a 
Filter (instrument), h6la 

Filth, 71., manyimi 
Filthy, adj., mano, ma- 
Finally, adv., ngafa ma 
Find, v., koko, to, ndo 
Fine (penalty), ngande = 

yande; to be fined, 

Finger or toe, n., njio, 

njiio, loko-yuo, kowo-yiio, 

ylo, loko-ylo, toko-yio 
Finger-nail, w., ngengalu = 

FiDger-ring, n., toko maviili 
Fioish, tr. v., kpoyo = 

gboyo, wela,pela,ngakpo, 

ngakpa;* it is finished, 

Fire, n., ngombu = yombu ; 

fire a gun, wlli, blli, pill 
Firefly (star), n,, diimbe- 

Firm, adv., kpa 
First, adj., hala; the first, 

ihalage, plu. ihalagesia; 

firstborn child, kpia-lo; 

first in order, pen, p|i. 

First, adv., nwe 

Firstfruits, n,, ngiiru wei 

Fish, tr. v., nye kpe. Ti ya 
ny ekpema, They go fishing 

Fish, n., nye, plu. nyenga, 
nyengeisia, nyeng^sia ; 
fish of a white colour, 
pele ; fish-basket, plya, 
pTga ; some kind of fish. 

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po1§; a finh that eatsgrass^ 
buani, bulu ; mullet-fish, 
tombo, tiipu-nye ; elec- 
tric fish, danl; eel-like 
fish, jowa ; scaleless fish, 
manamn-Dye ; species of 
catfish, makondo, rnhQ- 
mho, mbola; large cat- 
fish, ndegbe; cutlass-fish, 
ndanye; mangrove fish, 
ngoka; very large cat- 
fish, kata; a fish called 
grooper, k6le-nye; fish- 
ing-wire, ' kale ; eel- 
shaped fish with jointed 
shell, koto nye ; crawfish, 
kpa, gbende, folema 
Fish-basket, n., piya 
Fisherman, w., nye gbema, 
kpe-mo; hunter, used 
with the name of the 
animal, bird, fish, etc., as, 
hele gbf ma a-ngie. He is 
an elephant-hunter 
Fishing, n., nye-gbe-hlnda 
Fishing-net, n., 'mb5ma, 

Fishing-rod, line, fiigba, 
viilu wei, kale. Eel- 
shaped, hala ; cutlass- 
shaped, lanye 
Fish-scales, n., nye-ga 
Fist, n., bgtani 
Fit, to be, hooni ; it is fit, 
. mahou ; it is not fit, ma 
I h5uni and e gbekpeni ; 
to be fitting, be, mbe. 
Fit of passion, ill temper, 

ndi vula 
Fitness, w., hinda houni 
Five, num. adj,, lolu, plu. 

Flag, n., kiila 

Flagstaff, n., kiilu wiilu 

Flame, n., ngombu vo = fo 

Flashingly, adv,, piila, hao- 

Flatten by beating, ndewe 

Flea, n., nyala; plu,, def. st. 
nyalesia, and nya lelsia 

Flee, mtr. v., wela, pela; 
one who flees, p^la-mo 

Fleet speckled hawk, n., 

Flesh, n,, ndiiwu, ndu = lik 

Fleshy, adj., nduwu 

Flexible, adj., bebe, navT; 
ngurui navi navingo 

Flight, n., wela 

Flint, i.e. gun-flint, kpande 

Float, intr. v., pova = wova ; 
floating earth or "dirt 
suspended in water, 
ndukpu ; float for a flsh- 
hook, kpehgbe; a raft, 
float, 71., kpahS 

Flock, n., faha = vaha ; v., 
vahango. Flock, as of 
birds, school, fish, crowd 
of persons, kulu = giilu. 
NwQni gului i lewf asangi. 
The flock of birds is pass- 
ing by quickly. Flock of 
sokelf, small sparrows 

Flog, tr. v., ndewe = Ifwf ; 
the person who flogs, 

Flood, n., nja nei, nja gata 

Flour, n., kpohii 

Flower, n., p5wa, plu. 

Flow out, intr. v., kpia = gbfti 

Fluid, n., nja = ya 

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Flute, n., kole 

Flutter, intr, v., bubu 

Fly, w., ndi, plu. ndinga. 
Ndlli; kala and kara. 
Also called fo, i,e. a large 
biting green and black 
mangrove fiy 

Fly, intr, v., gowo, piibu = 

Fly-brush, w., ndivale 

Flying report, w., ndanda- 
kiilo, gona, kowo 

Foam,' w., fula, ' fiile = 
viile. Foam came out of 
his mouth, Fulei a gbia 
ngi la 

Fold, n., mbala gatf hu; 
koto, magoto 

Fol(i, thirtyfblci, hii nii yela 
gboyongomahiipu; sixty- 
fold, hii nil sawa gbgyo- 

Follow, tr. v., to with woma 

Follower, n,, t^*poma-mo = 
woma-mo, plu. topOma 
b61a = w5ma bSla 

Following, TO., topoma 

Folly, n., kpowa hinda. 
Tama hinda,* madama 

Foment, tr, and intr., fula 

Fond of display, mata 

Fondle, tr, v., nepo 

Food, n., me-hani, mehe, 
ba = mba; food of cas- 
8ada,koto bo; food for the 
journey, jia gondo; food 
of rice flour, leve 

Fool, n., kpawa, malama- 
mo, mamu-mo, plu. 
mamu b^la 

Foolish, Gw5/., taraa = dama ; 
to be foolish, damango; 

foolish person, tamo-mo; 
foolish way or manner, 
p5woge; foolish talker, 
njepe-mo ; foolish, decep- 
tive talking, bande- 
bande; to talk foolishly, 

Foolishness, n., kpowa 
hInda, madama hInda 

Foot, n., ko = go, kQwo = 

Footstep (track), n., kowo, 
go jia 

Footstool (seat), hei wulu, 
go dowiilu 

For, conj\y fa = va, for the 
sake of, va; for this rea- 
son, because of, jiva ; for 
that reason, mia va, famia 

Forbearance, to., hou ndima, 

Forbid,* tr, v., bali, gali, 
mbali, magali ; forbidden 
food, tewe, tee 

Force, to., kponda, mayia, 
kpaya; by force, a kpaya, 
a woya; v., to force in, 

For ever, adv., kunaf9 

Forefoot, to., toko 

Forehead, to.,* tawa; my 
forehead, nya dawa 

Forenoon, to., ngenda, v6l6 

Foreskin, to., bula; to* fee 
cut in the foreskin, bula 
dewea, pondi, soli 

Forest) to., ndogba, ngola; 
beasts of the forest, ndo- 

Foretell, tr. v., humbu nde ; 
one who foretells, ti^wc^- 
ma yla If mo 

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Forewarn, tr. v,, nemaha 

Ifwe. Angeli i ngi nje 

nemahu leweni, The angel 

forewarned his mother 
Forget, tr, v,, forgetfulness, 

ndema = Ifma 
ForgiVe, tr. v., manu, 

manungo, mannmango 
Forgiveness, n., maniima, 

Fork, tr. v., towa; forked 

tree, to fork, to branch 
Form, V. and n., pa, gbambi ; 

form into by beating, 

ngeli ; form a ball, kate ; 

form a ring, to coil, fuko ; 

form a line, mawovi loko 

hii, lokpe, ngggba 
Former, n. and adv., ngova 

= wova ma 
Formerly, aforetime, adv., 

wggba, wo 
Formidable, adj., maliia, 

Fornication, n., wojigbe, 

Fornicator, n., wojigbe-mo 
Forsake, tr. v., gbfle * 
Forthwith, adv., ke-yakpf, 

Fortification, n., dada 
Fortifoot, n., ndondo 
Fortune, good, ngama-gole 
Forty, num. adj., nii f§if 

Foundation, n., ndambu, 

Four, num. adj., nani 
Fojirteen, num. adj., pu 

mahu nani 
Fourth, ord. num, adj., 

nanig^, inanigf 

Fowl, n., te, def. st. plu. 
t§nga; bush fowl, sasalo, 
like the kokyye; ndo- 
gbole; a large male fowl, 
koka; a kind of guinea- 
fowl, kponda 

Fox, n., ndanda-kiilo, 

Fragile, adj., fiike 

Fragment, n., kpahama = 
gbahama, plu. gbahame- 

Fragrance, fragrant, n., 
kuneni ; a fragrant gum. 

Frankincense, n., kpeje- 
bonda, mg 

Fraud, n., baya ; by fraud, 
a baya 

Free, to be, baongo, bawo- 
ngo; lit. thou'art thy own, 
thou hast thyself 

Freely, adv., gbama = gra- 
tuitously, without a re- 
turn ; masa-boma. I fea 
masa-boma. He gave him 
freely, without any return 

Freeman (citizen), maha 1§ 

Fresh,ac?;.,ngimda = wiinda; 
fresh meat, hUa wiinda; 
fresh (= clean) palm oil, 

Fretful, adv., mamaya 

Friend, n., mbo, ndakpe, 
ndakpa, ndia-mo 

Friendship, n., mbo-hmda 

Fright, n., ndiiwa ndiia = 
liiwa liia 

Frighten, tr. v., hiiyand§, 
yandf, ngandf, hiihele, 

Fringe, n., vanja 

Frock, n., yamb§ 

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^SSmASB'UESim yocabulaby. 


Frog.n., gbegbe; a speckled 
frog used for food, jiben 

Frolic, n. and v., loU 

From, prep., hfi, ma 

Front, «., Ulbu, Itigo 

Frost, TO., hako 

Frothy saliva, to., gogo, goprof 

Fruit, »., ngti, plu. 6gua; 
def. St. ngfif i, plu. ngiiisia 
= wu wua,*wuesia. Fruit 
of any tree, ngiiru wuft ; 
ngeyako wu& 

Fry, ir, v., ngele 

Fulfil, tr. v., wf, wela 

Full, adj., yenda, ndava; 
to be full, ndavengo 

Fuller, TO., kii]a-g(>ie-mo 

Fully, adv,, sila 

Fulness, n., nd&vf hinda, 
lavei, lavengo 

Fun, n,, salfe 

Funeral, n., tenjama 

Funnel, n., tdla 


Gain, as skill, tr, v., mbell 

Gait, TO., jiagi 

Gale, TO., fefe 

Gall, TO., ngwangwa, tambo, 

Gkime, TO., sigo. The palm 

But or ivory top in the 

game is called si, te 
Garden, to., kat§, kSt$ hfi 
Garment, to., * mayi-gola, 

maylli-ggla, m&ylll hiika 
Gate, TO., ko ; plu. kolsia ; a 

large gate of sticks, w5- 

nj51a, w6nja; door of 

bamboo, nete 
Gather, tr, «., Ag&ndo = ya- 

ndo, wukpla, njgnjo, nda- 

joada, kpevu 
Gatherer, to.) ngando-mo = 

Gkthering-place, to., Bga- 

ndoma, ngandola 
Gazelle, to., towa wiil5 
(Jenealogy, to., mbonda = 

Generate, tr. v., nde = le 
Generation, to., mbonda = 

Generous, ctdj,, ndlma wftni 
Genteel conduct, n,, fiama 

hinda or h&ni 
Gentile, to., kafri-mo 
Grentle, to be, yebingo 
Germ, to., fale 
Get, v., JQ = *so 
Ghost, TO., ngftfa = yafo ; 

Giant, to., makiili 
Gift, TO., mb5ya hani, b^ya. 

Ginger, to., kije 
Gird, tr, v., mbembe, iiglli 
GKrdle, to., tebe 
Girl, TO., nyaha' lopo, nyapo ; 

one initiated into sande, 

Give, tr. v., nyg = gg, f$ = 

▼f . ngo = yo ; give back, 

ng&ma = yama ; give a 

present, fanda. I nya 

wandaa a mehe. He made 

him a present of food 
Giver, to., fe-mo 
Glad, to be) gahii gbia, kp- 

hiine, neingo 
Glassy, acfj., neku 
Glory, TO., lalo, mav6,mbflf , 

bfl§ , 

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Glue, n., nail 
Glnt^ v,y mell 
GlnttoD, n,, mell-mo 
Gluttonous, adj., mehell 
Gnash, tr, v., yongolui hg- 

ngo, yajia 
Gnat, n., fiilu-hani, tull, 
bumu ; gnat with a long 
snout, w., tull 
Gnaw, intr. and tr, v., mame 
Go, intr. v., li, ya. The sun 
goes down, foloi i yama. 
Go up, te = de ; go back, 
yama ; go through, ngafd ; 
go about, 1616. G<>ing or 
gone, lingo; used with 
sa, signifies acceptance, — 
sa i lingonga. Go about 
doing errands or light 
work, 16t6 ; go on a jour- 
ney, jia 
Goat, n., nje, def. st. yf i 
Goat-pen, n,, nje giill. A 
plant poisonous to goats, 
nj^pa, i.e. goat - killer. 
Bush-goat, n., tewe. 
God, n., Ngewo = YewQ ; 
Qod's dwelling - place, 
Ngewo da-hfi ; God's 
i^ffiftirs, requirements, 
vengeance, Ngewg goto; 
God's favour, Ngewo* hl- 
iida yekpe; G<)d's nature, 
ISTgewo longQ 
Godhead, w., Ngf wgya, def. 

st. Ngewo yei 
Godly manner, n,, ngf woge 
Godly person, n., ngfwQ- 

Gold, n., kani gb6le 
Gronorrhoea, n., kluiya 

Grood, adj., kpengo, y$^Pf » 
yekpengo; to be or be- 
come good, nyandengo, 

G<)ods, property, n., f§-hfini, 

Gorilla, «., gbfgi 

Grospel, w., njia yfkpe. Wa 
n^a yekpei le 

Gossip, n.,n(}encl§; v.,bande- 

Gossiper, n., ndfndf-mo 

Grace, n., manuma hinda, 
hinda yekpe, bawa, yau- 
wanda, ngau-wanda 

Grain, some kind of, n., 
mendf nyo 

Grandchild, n., tal5 

Grandfather, n., mamada* 

Grandmother, n, , mama, plu . 
mamani, mamS-mama 

Grasp, tr^ v., kpunde; grasp- 
ing, ndl-wQlo 

Grass, n., foni, kpiti, njata^ 
warsi, ngg.ra 

Grasshopper, n,, kondOj 

Grassy, adj\, magbiti 

Gratify, tr, v., ndane 

Gratuitous, adj\ and (tdv., 

Grave, n., kamba 

Grave-digger, n., kamba-bo- 
mo sekendei 

Graveyard, n,, sekenda 

Gravity, n,, niiwagf 

Graze, intr. v., meli 

Grease, n., ngongg = wggi 

Great, adj., ngglo = wglo. 
To be great, ngolongo, 
ngawglongo =wQlongo = 
wgngo ; wa, del st wai ; 

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wawa, wawalsia ; mba, 
mbawa, banga. Great 
man, sama; great in bulk, 
tolo and toTotolo; great 
in grace^ &gania wanda 

Great-grandparent of either 
sex, n., mama-da 

Greediness, n,y koma 

Greedy, to be, kdmango ; 
one that eats greedily, 
niehall-mo; greedy, ndi- 
nyamu; greedy person, 

Green, n. and <idj., ngundu, 
tala, kp61e = gole 

Greet, tr, t;.,*fama ; n,, fama, 
plu. famSa 

Grey,arf/.,p5wa; grey hair, 

Grief, n., kpal6; v., cause 
grief, feveu 

Grievous, adj\y ndlma voni ; 
i.e. an event causing grief, 
ndl nyani hinda. Ti 
lima vQningo le, They were 
grieved in their hearts 

Grind, tr, v., fuka, wgponye, 

Grindstone, n., ngakpa-gotu 

Groan, intr. v., hikpe 

Grooper, some kind of fish, 

Gross, their heart is, tl ll i 

Ground, n., ndole, poto = 
polo = pQro 

Ground-nut, w., nakile 

Ground-pig, w., kiwulo 

Ground-squirrel, w.,* kai- 

Grow, intr, v., nyap6, se- 

mbe; grow up, sembengo 

= j*embengo. La, la^ba, 

kpovo, ndgla = lola, vale, 

Growl, intr. v., kpele 
Growth, n., ndola 
Grub of a kind of beetle, n., 

kpokpo hogo 
Grunt, i/i^r.V, hIkpe 
Guard, tr, v., hiigbe, kpe, 

Guardian, n., hfigbe-mo, 

Guest (stranger), n., hota, 

plu. hotanga 
Guide, n.j tiiwo-mo 
Guilt, w., kaye* 
Guiltless, n., kaye i ti ma 
Guinea-cock, hokf-hfna 
Guinea com, n.* kpele-nyo 
Guinea-fowl, n., hoke', kpo- 

Guinea-hen, w., hoke-ha 
Guinea-worm, w., mbolo 
Gullet, w., mb5l6g9t6 
Gum, n., giate, ganyi ; 

toothless gum, nendi 
Gum, n,, kpawiilu, i,€. a 

fragrant kind 
Gun, n,, kpande 
Guncap, kpande vanja ; 

one that fires a guncap, 

kpande wili-mo. See 

Gun-flint, kpande gotn 
Gunpowder, w., dehe 
Gunshot, kpande gale 
Gush, intr, v., kpia 
Gut, w., pulu = biilu ; puru 


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Habit, n,, hinda 

Hades, «., ndou 

Hail, n,, hako 

Hair of the head, ngiindia 
= wundia; hair of the 
body, ndf ga ; hair of 
animals, njombn and njo- 
mbo ; braided hair, ngii- 
fele! Ngiifele ngi wiimba. 
Short hair, ngunia ; hair 
loosened, unbraided, or 
uncombed, ngiifiilo. Nj5- 
mbo-wulu, n., a kind of 
hairy tree 

Half, n., ikekele ; t.e.kekele, 
piece, part, fragment ; 
half a fathom, yard, 
kpanda. Nguru gekele. 
Half-cleaned rice, m^r 

Halt, adj., tala ; creep as a 
child, ndolai a l&la 

Hamlet, n., fiila 

Hammer, n,, kpogbo; heavy 
hammer, hipo 

Hammock, w., mb^ma 

Hand, w., toko = loko ; the 
back of the hand, tSk? 
woraa; right hand» yeja 
Igkoi, also y eya \$koi ; left 
hand, ggwo iok5i. Ngf ya 
yeya. Empty handed, 
ngeya-haka; close handed 

Handkerchief, w.,kpaye amd 
kpaiya ; red handker- 
cbief, kpambi 

Handle, w., ngii, kpaku kpe; 
v., to handle as an SLxe, 

iignlg ; withoat a hasdie, 
mene, konu mene " 

Handsome, adj,, nyande ; to 
be handsome, nyand|ngo 

Hang, tr, v., hele ; hang up, 
hele ngeleya; to hang 
loosely, njgnjo 

Happen, intr. v., wf or 
wele, no&Ie; what haff 
happened hfiidei i yf went 

Happy, to be, nga g^u 

Hard, oc?;'., kpakpa?, kp^a, 
kpagbamu, kpagban; to 
be hard, kpagbaiingo aiwt 
kpakpaShgo ; hard wood 
of a tree, t^ ; hard 
hearted, kpegbeli 

Harden, v., ti li kpokpoi \q, 
i.e, they are hardening 
their hearts; to harden 
and temper, as a knife. 
Bg&mo ; hardened by age, 
tang6 kpojango 

Hardened, ndogba ; stiff- 
ened. Ti U miningo, 
Their heart is hardened 

Hardly, adv,, kpaia 

Harken, v., W0I9 

Harlot, n^, bite or hete nya^ 

Harm> n,, kpale, nema 

Harmonious, mane, m&neni 

Harness, weaving, nini 

Harp, n., ngeya baka 

Harshness, 9?., ngalf 

Harvest, w., tuhani = luh&r 
ni ; degbf = dewf-gb§, 
cutting time, also mb$Ja 
kpei; the place, kpema 
tewf, mba-be 

Haste, intr, v,) kumbu, v§ 

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kaka ; to be early at work, 
or at a place of meeting 

Hasten, tr, v., pop5, mavula, 

Hastily, adv., dfida-ng3,sa 

Hasty, adv., ndi viila 

Hat, n., gebaure, nja gbiiwa ; 
high-crowned foreign hat, 

Hatch, tr. v., tete = date. 
Ndamei ngalu f5l6i a ti 
gb&ndi ke a pe ti dete 

Hate, tr. v., t5ma, ndolo = 
lolo, lolongo; to hat-e 
and slander, kengele ma- 

Hatred, n^ ndfma-g&le, pin. 

Have, v., yfya, i.e. to be in 
one's hand ; as, Mbala lo 
nya yf pa, A sheep is in 
my hand = I have or 
possess a sheep. H&ni 
gbi nya yf ya. Nothing is 
in my hand = I have 

Hawk, tr. v., mage 

Hawk, w., hf w6 kuanja, se- 
kpende, sekfilo 

Hazardously, adv., kimj&hfi 

He, she it, ta ; also they 

Head, n., ngii = wii; head 
of rice, kp§.ka, neg. U, 

Headache (frontal), ndogba 

Head-dress, n., kp&ya 

Headless, adj., w5l$ 

Headman, n., t&ma, tuwo- 

Headship, n., ngfima 

Heal, tr. v., b&6 = b&ti =t 

Healing, b&^la, b&w5l» 

Health, n., baw6; healthy, 

in health, ffilii, f&lungo 

= viilungo = vungo 
Heap, n.,tema, temba, nav9, 

Hear, tr. v., meni, njia me- 

ni ; hear well, humeni 
Hearing, verb, n., menila, 

Heart, n., ndi = li ; ngoli, 

ndlma, nemo hii = mind, 

Heat, tr. v., kpandi, vfilf 
Heaven, n., ngelS, n^le- 

Heavenly one, ngele, g$hii- 

Heavily, adv., dii powo; n., 

pgwo wfti ji, sonya. Ti tt 

Heaviness, n., ndi mini 
Heavy, adj., m&mfni mini ; 

to be heavy, miningo 
Heavy hearted, titill, yati- 

till, sipe 
Hedge, n., ng§.li kata ; 

hedged round about, bembe ma 
Heed, take, mahu-gbe. Take 

heed what you hear, A 

pf panda na wa meni 
Heeclless, adj., w6l§ 
Heel, n., tfgbe 
Heir, n., loma'ngi ke hfima ; 

lit. he is sitting in his 

father's place. P6 hfini 

jo-mo = wo hSni JQ-mo 
Hell, w., digba 
Help, n., kpo, kponya, yen- 

gola; help me, gbo nya 

ma, sahii, kpoma 
Helper, n., kpoma-mo 

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Hem, n., kpokpoma; v., 

Hen, n,, te ha ; te hfiia, cock 
Henceforth, adv,, ngeyako, 
la. Euna gba na, in future 
Hencoop, n., te kuli 
Her, pron., ngie; for her, 

Her own, prow., ngi-nda 
Herb, n,, hakpa, tifango, 
pegele ; herb with poison- 
ous prickles, nana 
Herd, n,, faha = vaha, kii 
Here, adv., mbf = be. Nya 
yenge lobe beindo or 
bendo. Correllative here 
. . . there, beindo . . . 
Hereafter, adv., kuna, tuwo, 

tuwoma, wei 
Hernia, »., luwa-hlgbe 
Herself, pron,^ ngi Tuli 
Hew, tr, v., hawa; hew 

roughly, kpomu 
Hiccough, intr, v., SQJQ, j5jo. 

Hide, tr. v., ndowu = lowu ; 
hid, ndowungo ; hide and 
seek play, ball 

High, adj., kuha, kuhama 
f|ten, to be high, guhango, 
soki nga guhei ; on high, 
in the space* above our 
heads, ngf If ya ; high bed, 
n., bell 

Hill, n., nglyf ; top of a 
hill, ngandange ; hilly 
country, ngine, IqIo 

Hillock, n., mbimbile 

Him, pron., ngi, ngie. For 
liim, ngi-we. I wa'a-ngie, 
He came to him 

Himself, 6gi vuli» iigiye ; 

ta yekpe, ta vuli, ta be 
Hinder, tr. v., mabali, ma- 

gali, magba, kpende 
Hinder-part, w., wdtoma 
Hindrance, ♦.«. without, 

adv., kaba 
Hip-joint, ti., tohfi; hip- 
bones, kpokl 
Hippopotamus, n., nja- 

Hire, tr, v., huveli ; persons 

hired, huYclIngoisia 
His own, pron., ngi-nda 
Hit, tr. v., hija ; hit against, 

ja ; hit with a stone, ho 
Hitherto, i hijfni i hiti 

kpelei ji 
Hoary, magbiti 
Hobgoblin, n., hani-wa 
Hoe, n., kali; hoe-handle, 

Hog, n., ndondo = londo 
Hoist, tr. v., pf la 
Hold, tr. v., h$u and ho, 

houma ; hold, stop, wait, 

Holder, n., hou-mo 
Hole, n., ndoa, nd$wa, 

ndowu = lowu, Igndowa; 

hole bored, fulama; hav- 
ing holes, mho. Nya 

l$wa, w., water-hole, well 
Hollow, n., W9ndo; hollow 

stump, ngoko ; koUow in 

a tree, n., kpiilu 
Home, n., yf ; my home, nya 

Honest, adj., S(>la-wanda 
Honey, n., komi and komi 

yei = bee's water 
Honey-bird, w., jele 

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Honeycomb, ta 

Honoar, n., inb§, mbfle, 
mbego, bago, ba ; without 
honour, mah& 

Honourable counsellor, nya- 
am belema mo; honour- 
able condition, n,, mbe- 

Hoof, n., p$ka = woka; 
animals with hoofs, p9ka- 

Hook, n., ndoli ; v., tugba 

Hoop tor climbing palm 
trees, mbale, kp&ku 

Hope, w., ndl-wf , ndl wf le, 
ndl wf ma 

Horn, n,, nd$w5 = l$w$ 

Horse, n., s6 = jo, kabSlo. 
So hft, mare; *s5 hina, 
stallion ; s$ lo, foal : cUho 
suhe, suhloa, plu. suhl- 

Hospitality, n„ k5ma, hota 

Host, n., h9ta-ke 

Hostess, n., hdta-nye 

Hot, a4j\, gb&ndi = bandi, 

Hound, n,y nglla 

Hour (time), n., kpf, wa- 

House, n., pe, pele, mawe ; 
house built on a grave, 
to and t$wele; farm- 
house, store-house for 
rice, kpiiwa ; small house 
erected for twin worship, 

House-fly, n., ndl, ndlli 

Householder, n., mawe- 

House-top, n., ngiimba 

How, adv., ayf, yf ; how 

many? ndgle = Igle? 

how is it? i yf na ? 

We do not know how to 

do it well. Me pf le gg 

mu hinda wf panda 
Howl, intr. v., fefei a JQle 
Hug, tr. V,, kii, kiiru; he 

hugs him, i ngi gua 
Human, n., niimu hInda; 

human louse, n., ngavl 
Humane, adj\, i wfa numn 
Humble, adj,, maye. Ngi ir 

mayengo yele beke nd5p5 

wul5. His heart is = he is 

as humble as a little child 
Humming-bird, n,, jengbe- 

Hummingly, cuiv,, v$n 
Hundred, num. adj., hondo 

an(2hondro. Niilglugbg- 

yongo. See Grammar of 

the Mende Language, p. 55 
Hunger, n., ndgie = Igle; 

to be hungry, ndole ngi 

Hunt, tr. v., kpe 
Hunter, n., kpe-mo, ka- 

maso ; elephant-hunter, 

kpande wlli-mo 
Hurdle, n., kaha 
Hurrah! exclam., hoy5! 
Hurricane, n., feie wa;*great 

Hurry, tr. v., ba, pf kaka ; 

do it quickly, maviila 
Hurt, tr. v., kpalf = kp&i 

= gbai, nf mu 
Husband, n., hini and hf ni 
Husbandman, n., kpala-mo 
Hush! iQudo 
Husk ot com, nyg gfi, 

Ndggbo dgwOIsia. ^o 

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husk, mfiga$ and m&- 

Hut, n,, kpueila, baba 
Hymn, w., ngule 
Hypocrisy, n., baia-hlnda, 

Hypocrite, n., baya-mo, plu. 

baya-bgla, ngande-mo 

I, pers. pron,, nga, ngi; 

neg. nga, ngl 
I mast not Ng§ wa lo, I 

shall not come 
Idiotic, adj., kpowa. *' Idio- 
matic, Ng§wo i nygni, 

God has given me " 
Idle, adj,, malama, gbama 
Idly, adv., konye 
Idol, n., ngalia 
If, con/., ji( when) ke, or kea 

= kiDa, ina 
Ill-disposed, ndlma nyftnu 
Illegimate child, n., poeld 
Illiberal, t5ko hfi h5u, and 

ny§ya gondo 
Ill-success, n., ndQYO 
Illustration, n., salf 
Image, n., gblaye, nomoll, 

Imagine, v., to-ye 
Imbecile, adj., nemahu-ba 
Imitate in speech or song, 

ndako, ndawdko, p5kd 
Imitator, n., p$k5-mo, plu. 

Immatoe, 8615, j5l$, tf wu 

yombi, tQgbe', kp^le 
Immediately, adv., fdkp§ ke 
- yukpd 

Immodest, ngfife-bft 
Impeach one's honour, mbo 

le nyani 
Impersonation of the Hikno 

spirit, bibi 
Impertinent adj., ngama 

bfngo, ix, haying drj 

Impetuous, adj., fula 
Implacable, adj., niinga U li 

Impose upon, v., Ifh^i 
Impossible, gbiihama 
Impotent, mbiiha 
Impoverished, to become, 

veU fofola 
Imprecate evil, sendu or 

sOndu, jondu, gb5r$ 
Imprecation, n., kpegbfi 
Improve, v., nyande, kpe- 

Impudent, adj., huwolo 
Impulsively, adv., kig$ 
Impute, v., kpS 
In, prep., hH, ma ; in order 

to, va, wei, and ko-wei 
Inability, n., kpaha 
Inactive, gill 
Incapable, gbahS 
Incise, v , ngatewS 
Incline, tr. v., ndl 15 = U d^ 

I was not inclined to gg, 

Nya If I d5ni 11 va 
Inclosed, tlwd 
Incontinence, wull f b^n 
Incorruptible, nyamlngo f 

Increase, v., iye gbdtf, ndd- 
la, roatd; increase tim 
price, male, kOmb? 

Incurable, $ b&wd 

Indecent language, ndHwo. 

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Indented, ikwonyo-nwonyo 
Independent of labour, to 

be, jsma 
Indiarubber vine, n., jenje 
Indigent, fell 
Indigestible. See Gembe 
Indignant, to look,' toma 

gbf , ti ll tonga 
Indignation^ n,, ndl dew$, 

Indigo plant, n., njala 
Individual (single person), 

w., ngela-mo 
Induce, v., nepo 
Indulge, V,, ndane ; and in- 
Infamy, w., ndolaya 
Infant, n., ndola 
Infanticide, n., nd5la wftla 

Infirmity, n., mavula, del 

St. plu. mavulesia 
Influence, having, w& 
Ingenious, adj., kkso 
Inhabitant, hfi-mo,' ndolo- 

hu-mo ; plu. ndolo-h"u- 

Inherit, tr. v., so =«: jo, to 

Inheritance, n., heima, wo- 
. ma nav5i, pohani 
Inheritor, 71., pohani jg-mo 
Initiated intoPgro, ndo- 

Initiation-fee, raabSlf 
Iniquity, w., hinda'ny&mn; 

to commit iniquity, w§ 
Injure, tr. v., kp&le, nemu, 
. ^yftni 

Injured, nylmima, nemiiiigo 
Injured person, n,, nemu- 


Injury, n., nemu, nylmi; 
to threaten to inflict an 
injury, mawoko 

Inmates, n., plu. mawelebn- 

Inn, »., hota-wele 

Inquire, tr, v.,WQk9li, m^e, 

Insect, n., fu-hani, fulu-hani 
= living things ; water- 
insect formed like a cock- 
roach, njagbekpe, sini. 
NQ-wiil6, piije-vgfo, da- 
gbei. An insect said to 
cause the ground-itch, 

Inside, n. and prep., k&ht[ 
= gahii. Eundo, Inside 
corner of a house = room 

Insipid, describing the taste 
of unripe fruit, adj., tlli 

Insist upon, ng 

Insolent, adj., woya, ngftwo 

Insomuch, such, of like 
kind, nyoko gbi 

Install, v., ngua 

Instead, adj., songo 

Instep, n., ko-mahil 

Instruct, tr. v., kara, ne- 
mahu-df w3ni, ndahfi 

Insubordinate, tehu 

Insult, tr. v., hele 

Intellect, n., nemahu 

Intention, n., kege; in- 
tended, yeto 

Intercession, n,, mavale. 'See 

Intercessor, n., mavale-mo 

Interest, n., tongo 

Interior, n., kfihii 

Interpreter, n., lavale 

Intestines^ puru nyenye^. j 

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Into, prep,, htl 
Intoxication, n., ndoliQn hi- 

Intricate, culj., k&nde 
Inventors of evil thin^, hT- 

nda nya-mu gara-b61a 
Investigate, tr. v., mgli 
Iquama, n., pama 
Iron, n., kolu; iron pot, 

kove; iron cooking-pot, 

Iron ore, n., kpla-golu 
Is and was, deftc. v., ya. 

Hlnd5 ya golingo. Is it 

so ? Is it not so ? kelei 
Island, n., U ; on the island, 

Isle, n., voni 
Itch, n, and v., nowo. ISTgS- 

15 mi& mla. Yange, nga- 

Ivory, n., hele yongolu, t.e. 
Elephant's teeth 

January, »., pegba. The 
name of the moon corre- 
sponding with January 

Jar, n., sani 

Jaw, 7t., ba = mba 

Jealous, adj., tolo ; jealous 
word, t5ma yiei' 

Jealousy,* r?., toma hinda, 
t9lo, tol9ma 

Jeopardy, w., ndihele 

Jew, n., jewu or yewu; plu., 
def. St., jewusia 

Join, tr. v., ndado = lado ; 
makpoala, ndald, joined 
ta . . 

Joiner, n., ndSdo-mo, n^- 

Jojo, n., • the pouch of the 

Journey, n., jia, def. st. jiei; 

to journey westward, njf ; 

to journey to the east- 
ward, de 
Joy, w., kohiine; greats joy, 

kohune wa 
Judge, n., nyama 
Judge, v., seli = jeli, seli- 

hindoi, pe, tewe 
Judgment, ' n,\ 8eli-h£nda, 

Judgment-day, seli-v9loi 
Judgment-seat, n., jeli* hei 

wiilui, and nyama hf wu- 

Jug, n., babon 
July, Le. the moon corre- 
sponding with July or 

August, nano 
Jump, ititr, v., bill, wllf, 

pinde = winde = blnde 
Jumper, n., pinde-mo 
Just, ody., tgnya, sage, sewe; 

just so, klua, kluf n ; just 

now, sangi 
Just person, n., tonya-mo 
Justification, n., tgnya-ht- 

Justifier, w., temu-mo. See 

also Giingo. Tgnya wf- 

mo, to do justice 
Justify, tr, v.,temu=dfmu* 

Teraule, to be in the 

right. Lonya, lonyango, . 

to be justified. T^nya 

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Kafrf, n., a term of con- 
tempt used by Mahom- 
medans against idol and 

Keep, tr, v., gbf, gbfle; 
keep the commandments, 
sawesia h^a; keeping, 

Keeper, n., hfigbe-mo ; 
keeper of cattle, tbh&ni 

Kernel, n,, kale = g&le 

Key, n., jfgi, jii, jiwi ; plu., 
def. si, jlwlsia; ciw je- 

Kick, tr, v., fall 

Kid, n., nje-l9 

Kidney, n., glli and toll 

Kill, tr, v., p& = ba = wa 

Killed, wango 

Kind (sort), n., gege ; plu. 
gegeisia, gege nyf i ; some 
kind of lish, nyQko ; such 
kind, of like kind, mb9- 
nda na bondfsia 

Kindle, tr, v., ng&te 

Kindly disposed, ndlma 
wani, cmd ndl wanda; 

Kindness, n., sabu 

Kindred, n., wgnga 

King, n., maha 

Kingdom, n., kenya = gen- 
ya ; kingdom of heayen, 
ngflegohiigenyei; hembe 

Kingship, n., mfihaya * 

Kinsfolk, n., wgnga 

Kiss, n., nda-gbole hinda. 
Ggmi-la, la-gQmi; jgnde 

Kitchen, n,, b$la, pin. b5l5- 

Kite, n., hf wf and gf If 

Kittim country, n., iinf 

Knead, v., njombo 

Knee, «., ngombi = w5mbi 

Kneel, v., ngombi or w^mbi 
kpagba or gbakpa; to 
kneel, of persons, p§la; 
to iaieel, of animals, 

Knife, n., mbogba, large 
bill-hooked. Nalo, n., a 
knife short and broad, 
with a ronnded point 
NgQla, a knife scoop- 
shaped, used for hollow- 
ing wooden vessels. 
Mbowa. War-knife = 
sword, ko-b5wa. The 
back of a knife, blade, 
konga; long-pointed 
knife, Ifingi 

Knit, tr, v., fele 

Knock, tr, v., b^, hg; 
knock down, kiila; knock 
at the door, nda-le^e; 
knock with the knuckleis, 

Knot (to tie), kpnlo; knot- 
ty, kpulo-kpiilo. Ngu- 
rui kpiilo-kpiilongo 

Know, tr, v., bf li, kg = gg, 
b§1ingo; make known, 
magelL I do not know, 

Knowledge, n., nemahfi 
Ifwf, kara = gftra; kg- 

Knuckle, n., kenyema 

Kuskus, n., gbelenyg, 
nyggbfle, gbelingo 

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Laborious person, 

yfnge-mo w&lo 
Labour n. and v,, ng@ng§ = 


Labourer, n,, ngfngf-mo 

= yfngf-mo 
Laokf tr. v., what lack I = 

what is it that is left? 

Lad, »., hll6p$ 
Ladder, n.,* haka, kpakpa 

wulu, and kpakp&o-wuru 
Laden, baka mini wdp5 
Ladle, w., mb^ya mitfi* 
Lady, n., oyap5 mama 
Lagoon, w., p5l'a-w& 
Lake, w., pbpawa 
Lamb, n., mbala-l$, plu. 

mb&la Ifoga 
Lame, adj., kpgro; to be 

lame, kporongo, ndekpn. 

Eoi ti lekpungo ; to cause 

to be lame, nemu 
Lameness, n., kporo-hfnda 
Lame person, n., kpQro-mo, 

Lament, tr, v., ngQlo, kpSlft, 

ngo = wo 
Lamentation, 97., ngo 
Lamented, wQloni 
Lamp, n., hf mu 
Land, n., ndglo, 1q, loi ; plu. 

ndolsia = Iglsia, kenye. 

Land of the liying « un- 
hidden by death, ngflf 

Land, tr. v., tigbf 
Landing-place, n., tigbima, 

nja-l4 s water's moi^ 

Landlord, n., yali 
Language, n., njla, yfia; 

language of another 

country, kenye yia w^kni; 

Mende language, Monde 

Languid, adj,, biyg 
Languish, intr, v,, hS 
Lantern, n., hdmu 
Lap, n., kpolo 
Lard, n., ngiilo, ijB» &t of 

any kind 
Large, adj., ngglo, ngongo, 

ngo ; wQuga wolongo. 

Dingen, yomb§, w4 
Large and heavy, sfpe; 

large and shapeless, 

Tabai; large and taU, 

used of persons, ndaka- 

nya ; large in bulk, tolo, 

mbg, and mb&wa ; large 

eyed = greedy, ng&ma- 

wo, banga 
Lasciviousness, n., m&nima 

nyamua, siia, and sua 

Lash, »., ndewf , tf w5, Ifwf 
Last, the, ekelemege, plul 

ekelema-gelsia ; ekulo- 

Lasting, adv., kiina-fo 
Latchets of his shoes, ngi 

gQko yeyei 
Late, adv. (%.€. thou dost 

not come soon), bi wani 

kaka ; bi hiimbuni 
Lately, adv., ge,s&nge; also 

Lath, n., kp&, j&ya 
Lattice (small sticks at the 

top of palisades), «., 


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XAugb, tnir. v., ngele = 

Liaughter, n., yelela, nge- 

Ijava of the beetle beke, 

gondo vofo 
liaw, n., sawa = jawa, 

Ijawful, adj\, bSuni; it is 
not lawful, ma i bouni, 
Lay, tr, v., nda = la; lay 
I hold on, gbunde; lay 

I upon, pale, mala; lay a 

wager, ngua 
Lazy, adj., hawa, ngaba, 
faka-lewg; to be lazy 
Leach, n., h9}a and h51a- 

Lead, tr. v., li; lead astray, 
kaka ; lead with compul- 
sion, kende 
Lead (pewter), kumbu 
Leader, n., hgu, gbonu 
Leaf, n., nda = la ; to 
pluck a leaf, ndg,kpfa, 
ti£A; the shaking of a 
leaf, a gbele tivartiva; 
sweet-scented leaf, pgpo- 
nda. See also Komi-piil^. 
A leaf hung at the door 
where death has taken 
place, to prevent the 
spirit entering, mbembe, 
E^we, k&ma-gama, konu^ 
gg; plural forms, nd&e- 
feia and ndai|sia. The 
leaf not yet unrolled, 
tiwo = liwo ; mana llwo 
Jjeak, t7}^r. v., mbo, bo ; leak 
steadily^ dsm& 

Leaky, adv., mbo 

Lean, adj,, tigbl = digl», 

Leap, intr. v., binde = 

winde = pinde ; leap 

repeatedly, plnde-plode; 

leap upon, te 
Learn, tr. v., ka = ga 
Learner, n., kara-mo 
Leamiug, n., kala = gala 
Least, not the, i loni kfil5 

Leave, tr. v., kpele and kpe ; 

take leave, ve'le, 16 ; leave 

behind, ndo = 16 ' 
Leaven, n.^ huwe-hani 
Lecherous woman, n., pgti 
Leech Tawning of a large 

canoe), tolo 
Left hand, kowo Igkd 
Leg, w., kg and kgwo 
Lemon, n., dumbele 
Lend or borrow, sihS 
Length, n., kii-hSngo ; 

leugth at which native 

cloth is cut, hakpa 
LcDgthen, extend, tr. v., 

Leopard, w,, kgli, plu. kgli- 

nga; nja-ggll, nd(^bo- 

Leper, n„ kpokpou-mo 
Leprosy, ?i^ kpokpou, kpo- 

kpolu, maL&»'tewe-brgbe 
Lesson, for, t^., maye, njf^ 

Lest, conj,, kg 
Let down, tr. v., hite, gbe be 
Level, tr. v., kiri 
Lever in a trap, pepo, slpo 
Levity, n., sail 
4 Lewd, ad0.^ hIte 

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Liar, n., nde-gQla-mo 
Liberal = large-hearted, 

ndlma wSni = open- 
handed^ tok5 w6ngo 
Libidinous, adj,, woji 
Lice infesting domestic 

fowls, miimuli 
Lick, tr. V,, magomi 
Lie, tr, v., nde-ggla, nde- 

Lie, intr, v., lie down, ndala, 

ngata = yata; place to 

lie down, ndama; to lie 

upon the side, heke 
Life, w., ndevu = levn; 

cares of this life, ndcTui 

ji ma-hinda 
Life = breath, ndevu-vefe 
Lift, tr, v., de, dela, le,*tb; 

lift up, mbiimbu, tende- 

Light, n., h6mu-vo, yate ; v., 

to light a torch, to and 

Light (not heavy), powo 
Lighten, intr. v., ngelfi a 

ye maro 
Lightly, adv., moden 
Lightning, n., inaro-maro, 

mia-mla ngf 1$ 
Like, adv., he, beke, kina ; 

it is like, wengo le so 
Likeness, n., kplay§ = gbl- 

ay§; nene = shadow 
Likewise, adv., kIna, kinen, 

Lily, n., dene, plu. denea; 

white water-lily, njagbp- 

ji, papelsia, nengbe 
Limb (arm), n., mbfk§ 
Limber = expert, bebe, 

bebengo, bewu, and begu 

Lime (orange), n., diimb^e, 

liimbele, nyenye 

Limp, v., ndekpu 

Line, n., ngea = ngeja = 
yeya; fishing-line, fugba; 
line of demarcation be- 
tween water and land, 

Linger, intr. v., lembi 

Lion, n., masc njala, tubu 
hinei ; fern, tiibuihei. 
Ant-lion, kpukpiinye 

Lip, n., laguru, ndabru, 
ndagulu. Sawurulsia. 
Protruding lip, yenjele; 
thick lip, yola 

Listen, tr. v., w6l5; listen 
to, meni 

Little, odfy., t§,jl,kele, ye^e, 
kiilo; to be little, kulo- 
ngo, wHliingo or wHlongo. 
Mumu, plu. miimua. 
Ndopo mumunisia. Nye- 
nye. Little while, woi, 
nyepele, and jf; a little 
time since, howf i higbe 

Live, tr. v., ndevu = levu, 
fiilu, vu 

Liver, n., ny^ne and 

Living, ndeviingo = levu- 
ngo; living soul, ngafa 

Living beings, niinga vua ; 
living body, ndiiwu ; 
to be alive, lembi ndevu- 
hli ; live through, tf we 

Lizard, n., kpf ni = gbf bi ; 
lo-ngebu, njaka, paina ; 
red-headed lizard, kolo 
and k9l9-njaka 

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Load, n,y haka ; heavy load, 

Loaf, «., kate = gate 
Loafer = town's broom, ta- 

Lock, tr, v.y kpon and kpolu 
Locust, n., kondo, petu 
Lofty, adv., Boki 
Log, w., koe and kowe 
LoinR, w., h'ama, ngowo 
Loneliness, n., ngelaya 
Long, adj\ and adv., kuha, 

kubango ; long time, kati 

= ka ; long since, wokpa 

= wogba, long time past, 

"WO, pangi, pepele 
Longevity, n,, ndembi = 

Longsuffering, n., ndl or ll- 

loi, ndl-houla 
Look, v., kpe, kpele ; look 

for, into, hftgbe, liigo-gbe, 

hugbengo, hiigbele, hu-lo 
Looking-glass, n,, memo 

and meme 
Loose, tr. v., fiilo = vul?, 

Loosen, tr, v., njgko ; loosen 

the soil, puja, fiil5, kpe- 

mbo ; loosened, viiioa 
Loose' sand, n,, hele nanya 
Lop, nyengbe 
Lord, n., ndemo = yf mo 
Lose, tr. v., ndohu, iQhu, 

longo; lost sheep, mba- 

la iQngoi, yap9wo 
Loss, n., ndghu ; su£fer loss, 

ndohu JQ 
Loud, adj., kpa ; loud voice, 

kpa wo; speak loud, yla 

ngeleya. Ngo-wa, bango- 

b&ngo, ngfleya, ke s^nge 

Louse, n,, ng&vl; dog's 

louse, kpavi 
Love, w., ndoma = loma, 16; 

v., ngole =16 = loni 
Lover of either sex, ndia-mo 
Low, yQve 
Lower point of sternum, 

ndigbf ka; nje and njei : v., 

Lowly, to be, vellngo 
Lucre, n., ndi-mo i le mano 

jo hani va 
Lump, w., tengoma ; lumps 

of sun-baked earth, kporo 

Lunatic, to be, kp6w&ngo 
Lungs, n., vqvo 
Lust, n., manima. Ti lisio 

mani-hinda nyani ma 
Lustful, adj., woji 
Lying-in woman, koima 
Lymphatic glands in the 

thigh, kpoja 


Mad, adj., kp5wa = gb6wa 
Made, done, w|ngQ 
Madman, n., kp6wa-mo 
Madness, filled with, gb6wa 

Magical food, n., wfttu; 

magical play, nd6-s6, loll, 

Magician, »., totomo, yibao- 

mo kema 
Magnify, tr. v., ya-wg 
Mahommedan, n., more and 

more-mo; Mahommedan 

amulet, n., sewQ, soko; 

Mahommedan prayer, 

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n,, seir ; Mahommedan 
prayer-mat, sell-yala 

Maim, tr. v., nemu ; maimed, 
nemiingo, maletf ngo 

Maize, n.,n7Q; husk of maize, 
nyo gei 

Make, tr, v., kpate, we; 
. made, wengo; to ma^e 
good, pokg nya hani nya- 
ningoi woko; to make 
a stew of meat and vege- 
tables, pate, tanga bati 

Maker, w., kpate-mo 

Male, nf, hi and hfna, plu. 
hfDgaancihmga; hindo, 
pltt. hinga 

Malediction, w., kpegbf 

MaKciousness, n., * ndima- 

Malignity, n., s^-nyamn- 

Man, a., hIndo, plu. binga, 
kena, ta-mo 

Mane, w., ngoUi, ftl 

Mangrove fly, n,, fo, foi, plu. 
foingalsia ; mangrove 
fish, nggka. Namu-vo 

Manifest, adj.^ hunge 

Mankind, all, ngele-bua 

Manliness, n,, hindo-hinda 

Manner, n,, hindaj hlnen, 
nygko gill 

Many, . adj., sogbo, kpSto ; 
i^ny tilings, hani-kpoto 
= gboto ; many such- 
like things, hani gboto 
nyeko bondei, sikili ; 
many in number, fusgn; 
How many? nd6le = 

March, month of, ny&ha- 

Mare, n., kabala-h&, def. st. 

Mark (lii^^X '^•> kpambi 

Mark, tr, v., nyegi, Poro- 
bill, nali; marked^ nye- 
gi, nyegingo 

Market, n., felegoma, ngf* 
yama, nyeyama, majii- 
ma, plu. majiameisia 

Marksman, n., kpande-wlli- 

Marriage, n., solo, nyaha 
joma; the place of mar- 
riage, nyaha-jo-goma 

Marrow, n., ngiilu or ngnlo 

Marry, tr, v., nyahajo 

Marvel, n., ngiihu ba hinda ; 
v., ti wiihu i wua 

Marvelous, adj,, . maluanna 
hinda lo 

Mash, tr. v., pote and pQto 

Mason, w., kolu-l)eli-mo 

Mason wasp, a species of, 

Mass, n., tengoma 

Mast, n.f Jiwo ; socket for 
the mast, jiwo-lowa 

Master, n,, kf ,'ndemo, k^. 

Masticate, tr. v., hfL-nyoffia 
Mat,n,, h&gba, ngftla = yftk), 

baliy ara, seli-yala, p^y&ra 
Mat-weaver, n.^ ngala-^fele^- 

Matron, n., nje 
Matter, n., hin'da, njia» hani 
Mature, come to manhood, 

ndakpa = lakpa; reach 

puberty, matured (used 

of females), kp^la 
Maturity, state of, nd&k- 


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Me, pron.j mbe; to me and 
for roe, mb^, a-nge. Bi 
kpegbe ge a nge. Show 
thy parrot to me 

Mealy, adj., vuse, fuke 

Meaning, n., toma 

Means, n., pele 

Measles, w., iiyenye 

Measure, w., htima ; v., hu- 
mango, mola and mole, 
humu gili, ba, pelu 

Meat, 71., hua, ndahani, and 
ndahai; meat of any kind 
used as food, fresh meat, 
hiia wiindu; meat-hun- 
gry, desiring toeat animal 
food, ndaha-mo. Mehani, 
ba = mba; dried meat, 

Mediate," adj., klli gboto 

Mediator, n., hiihg-rao 

Medicine, n., bale-hinda; 
medicine of spider's web 
blackened by smoke, tevi 

Meditate, tr, v., lali 

Medium size, n., sembe 

Meek, adj., li leingo 

Meet, tr. v., waif, naif ; meet 
together, sombo, kome 

Meeting, n., k9me 

Melodious = sweet sound, 

Member, n., beke, plu. be- 
kesia; member of Himo, 
yabo ; member of Sande, 

Men, plu. form, Ijonga 

Mend, tr. v., jondo 

Mendf , n,, country and peo- 
ple; Mende-mo, native 
of Mende 

Mende-yla/Mendf language 

Mention, n., ndage 
Merchandise, «., f|le-hani 
Merchant, w., felego-mo 
Merciful, adj\, inamaraao 
Mercy, n., manumiima, ba- 

Message, n,, ngo; deliver a 

message, magoma, fama 
Messenger, n., ndomo = 16- 
mo; messenger between 
lovers, tomo; messenger 
of the Poro, wuja 
Metamorphose, v., wote 
Midday, w., folo-ngiindia 
Middle, n., ngiindia, ndia = 

Midnight, n.,kiia-lia,kplndi- 

Midst, n., ndia = lia 
Mildew, n. and v., sonya = 

Milk,w.,nylniya; cow*smilk. 
nika nyiniya ; curdled 
milk, matonga = butter; 
sour milk, nono 
Mill (mortar), n,, konda. 
Hani gbongbo gotu, mill- 
Mincingly, adv., kese-kese 
Mind = take care, meni, fol- 
lowed by ma 
Mind, n., ndali = lali, ne- 
mhu mani ; right minded, 
ngi hemahu dewengo, ya- 
Mine, jyt'on,, wo nya woll 
Mingle, tr, v., makpo, iiiipu 
Minister, tr. v., kpe-gbia 
Minister, n., kpe-gbia-mo. 
Misiri, i.q. minister or 
Minstrel, n., mbaka If-mo 

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Miracle, n,, kabande hinda ; 
v., kabande we. * Ti ka- 
band§ binda wea. They 
work mkacles 

Mire, n., pawa; soft mire, 

Mirror, n,, meme 

Miser, rz., bani llmo ; miser- 
ly, adv., bani-m&m 

Misery, w., binda gbggbSu 

Misrepresent, tr. v., mayafa, 
ngafa ndane 

Miss, v., fela ; miss tbe mark, 
pola, bara 

Mistake, n., pola = bola, 

Mitten, w., bgyoko 

Mix, tr, v., hiipu, kpongo, 
makpo,magbgngo, hiikpo, 
njiimbu = yiimbu 

Mixture for anointing, n,, 

Mob, w., biyo-hinda 

Mock, tr. v., ngele = yele, 

Moderate, adj., lele 

Modesty, n., ngiiff 

Moist, n. and adj., ndendei 

Molar-tooth, n., kpato 

Mole with a long nose, tiili 

Money (goods), navg, na- 

Monkey, n., kwa, kua, plu. 
kuanga,kuangelsia. Kalo, 
knanga ti mahei mia, i.e. 
Kalo is the king of mon- 
keys. Ngiiwa, njaguara, 
towa, keli,kuara,kpengb6 

Month, n., ngalu, contr. 
ngS.u ; next month, ngalu 

Moon, n., ngalu = yalu; 

new moon, ngalu nina; 

full moon, ngalu-lavengo; 

moonbght, ngalui i bijea. 

The moon corresponding 

with January, pegba ; 

February, tu ; March, 

nyaha woli; April, biiru 

or biilu ; May, ; 

June, ; July, 

nano; August, ; 

September, ; 

October, ; 

November, ; 

December, pondo 
More, adj.y sembe, kuna; 

once more, gboma 
Moreover, con/, adv., tewe- 

Morning, n., ngenda ; when 

it was morning, kina 

nggle i ye wgni; next 

morning, nge wekei wgni 

or W9ni 
Morning dawn, n., ngf le-wo 
Morning sun, n., ngenda- 

Tolo = forenoon 
Morrow, n., sina 
Morrow, day after, sfna 

ndambuai, and f§16 we- 
kei ma 
Mortar, n., konda 
Mortise, tr. v., mbo = bo 
Moss, growing in wet places, 

n., nomi 
Mote, 77., ka kiilo, def. st. 

Moth, n., fufu and fafulu, 

kog^nde and konde 
Mother, n., nje =' ye.* The 

natural mother is nya- 

Ifngei; mother of ants. 

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kogonje ; mother-in-law, 
Djemo *= yemo ; charac- 
teristic treatment of a 
mother-in-law, njemo- 
hinda ; mother's mark, 

Motion, w., jijia jljiala 

Mould, from clay, to = do. 
Ta fe do, to make' a pot 

Mound, n., mbimbili 

Mount, v., de, hei. I hei 
80 mahu. He mounts a 

Mountain, n., nglye 

Mourn, intr. v., ngg = wo, 
wolo ; mourner, w., hinda 
mayehewela, hlnda mahi 
hei, gbala* 

Mourning, r?., wola, mama- 
oma, and hlnda wala 

Mouse, w., lende, tsefge 

Moustache, n.l nd4ma-hii- 

Mouth, w., nda = la = ya ; 
mouth of a river, kpoli- 
la, kpiindo-hu 

Move, tr, and intr, v., jijia, 
jijiala, hrje, tiipe 

Mow, tr, v., mahaga 

Much, adj. and w., kpoto = 
gboto, panda, j§mbe, 
gboh; too much, tunu, 
ka ; very much, se 

Mucus ejected by cough- 
ing, w., tohe-gale ; nasal 
mucus, komi, hokpa-ya ; 
mucous membrane of the 
nasal passage, kugiini ; a 
leaf used to loosen nasal 
mucus, komi-giile 

Mud, w., pawa; soft mud, 

Muddy, adj,, muddle, ndii- 

Mug, w., mbola = bola, 

Mullet-fish, n., tombo 
Multipede, n., ndondo ; 

flat multipede, kalondo 
Multiplied by natural in- 
crease, po 
Multitude, n,, faha = vaha, 

kpoto na, diikpehgbe, 

Murder, n., nii-wala 
Murderer, n., nii-wa-mo, 

Murmur, intr, v,, kponye = 

Mushroom, n., tokpo-vale, 

jejIa-Yale, ndi-Yale, kpo- 

kpo hog6, kpowe, lale 
Music, 7t., mbaka. Musical 

instrument of any kind, 

mbaka; also saro, sasa, 

yara, ba, made of reeds 
Musician, n,, mbaka yeli- 

mo, ngeli-mo 
Musk-cat, 71., pewiilo ; scent 

of musk-cat,* bey f 
Musket, long, kamba, longa 
Musquito, n., piindi ;»mu8- 

qulto netting, tenti; an 

insect like a musquito, 

Mustard seed/pugfpo galei, 

Must die, voote 
Mutter, intr.'v,, hu-nyiima 
Muttering complaint, w., 

Myself, pron., nya-vuli, nya 

yekpe-yekbe, nya wiima ; 

I myselt", wiimage, nya 

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wuma; of myself, nya 


Mysterious sound or sight, 

Mystery, n., ndgwu=lowu- 



Nail, «., londima and lo- 

Nail, tr, v., kpakpa 
Nail of the finger or toe, 

Naked, adj., haka, mahaka, 

magbuka, kambi; to be 

naked, gambingo ; to 

make naked, kambi = 

Nakedness, n., haka-hmda, 

Name, v., name one by one, 

nomo ; to name for, nda- 

hei, bijei wale 
Name, n/, mbiye = biye = 

brje; to give a name, 

mbie vembi, mbije; the 

name of a constellation, 

ndelo; the name for 

bravery, ko-bije 
Napkin, w., kiilu-giitu, 

Narrate, tr. v., pa 
Narration, n., hugblala 
Narrow, adj\, gbengo 
Nation, w., ngebu, ngelebu, 

lit. under the sky* in 

t'^e world, the seen world ; 

all nations, all mankind, 

ngele-bua, kenye 
Natural death, to die, i 

ha ngi wiimagl; natural 

branches, ngewo-lango 

bekelsia ; natural use, 

lango (Rom. i. 26-31) 
Nature, ta lo a ji; of such a 

nature, or so it is 
Navel, n., hokpo and bogbo 
Near, adj, and adv., kpe, 

kpelanga = gbelanga, 

contr. gbea, la ; too near, 

SQwi, yake 
Nearly, adv', yeke, yake, te 
Necessary, to be, luani. 

They are necessary to 

me, Ti mani lo nya ma 
Necessity, n., mani 
Neck, «., mbolo = bolo; 

creases upon the neck, 

mbolo genye 
Neck-bone, n., mbolo gale 
Need, n., mani, gbenga, 

ndole; need of repent- 
ance, pote mani 
Needle, r?'., mejl and. mrji ; 

the eye of a needle, miji 

Neglect, tr, v., lali 
Neighbour, n., heinyo 
Neither, conj., o — o, bao, ta 

Nephew, w., njagbe, yagbe 
Nest, n., ta, plu. ta = town, 

Net, n., mboma = boma, 

wofe, mbembe, kpe-b5ma, 

Never before, wQgba; never 

mind, njia gbi 
New, adj\, nina 
Nibble, r<., mame 
Nice, adv., ngande = yandf ; 

to be nice, nyandingo 
Niece, w., njagbf 

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Night, n., kpindi, kua ; last 
night, gbue, ku, def. st. 
guei ; night war, kpindi- 

go; all night, gbii 
Night-walker, w., kpindibo 
Nimbly, ddv,, kaka 
Nine, num. adj., tau 
Nineteen, num. adj., pu- 

Ninth, ord. adj., tangele. 

About nine o'clock, folo- 

Ninty, num. adj., nii-mani 

gboyongo mahii pu 
Nippers, n., gbanya 
Nipple, n., nylni 
No, adv., sago, contr. sao, 

Bawo, ya 
Nobleman, n., sama ; young 

nobleman, sama ]agbolo 
Noise, w., sole = tsole ; to 

make a noise, sole we 
Noiselessly, adv.,i6ke, yelin, 

Noisily, adv., bango-bango, 

biyo, siile 
Nonconductor to the elec- 
tric fish, dani 
None, n., niimu gbl 
NooD, n., foloi ngundia, lit. 

the sun in the middle. 

Time about three o'clock 

p.m., kpoko-voi 
Noose, n., fuko, sondo, 

mbowo, ndayill, ndSgili; 

noose trap with spring 

pole, kpaya-wiilo 
North, n., hu, mahii. The 

way to the north or to 

the south, jengbehu-wele 
Nose, n., hokpa 
Nostril, n.l pele; two nos- 

trils in the nose, pele fele 

ngi hokpei 
Not, adv.y ya = la ; we must 

not, ma; I must not, ngi. 

Is it not so? Kelei? I 

not, nge 
Notch, i;.,*k§nye 
Nothing omitted, siil, mba- 

oga ; for nothing, hani o 

hani, hani-gbl, gbama 
Notice, tr. v., mbele = bele, 

yabelemani; take notice, 

Notoriety, n., towa 
Notorious, to be, dowango 
Notwithstanding, conj., wen, 

gbamaile be 
Now, adv.,'n&, sangi 
Numb, adj., timitimi 
Number, n., kpa 
Number, tr. v., kolenda, 

konda kpa, pango 
Numerously, adv., sikill, 

Nut, n., tolu, town, tolo, 

nikili, njombe, si, bisui; 

a nut used in preparing 

a vegetable sauce 

Oar, n., lala 

Oath, n., sondu = jondu, 
gbolo,ngbgro, kporo, nge- 
li ; to take an oath, ngua 

Obedience, n., gowo 

Obeisance, n., va ; to stoop 
to make obeisance, ma- 

Obey, tr. v., ngo = w6 meni 
= hear the word ; obey- 
ing, menila 

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Object to, v., magbia 
Oblige (force), ngangoli 
Observation, w.,mane-hinda 
Observe, tr, v., mane, yabele, 

mabele, majotifbe, mbele* 
Obstinacy, n., ngiihii kpa- 

Obtain, tr. v., so = jo, sqIo, 

Occasion, w., pele; seeking 

occasion, pel| ne 
Odd numbers," w., ngapo- 

Odour, offensive, ndoku- 

wiilu, «.c. a tree whose 

blossom emits an odour 
Of, prep.y va 
Off, prep., nga 
Offence, w., hugg, plu. 

Imgoisia. Pe-hinda nya- 

mu, kpila. give offence 
Offend, tr. v., li-dewe. I 

am offended, Nya li nya- 

Offender, n., ndi-he-mo 
Offering, n,, sa-hani and 

Officer, 71., kiigba, ko-gii- 

banga, kpayia le-mo 
Often, adv., pepe,'hii-gbo- 

toma. How often? hii- 

Oil, w., ngulo = wulo, nda- 

wulo ; tglu-wiilo, nut oil 
Ointment, w., sia-wulo, ma- 

li wuloa 
Oka, i.e, early oka, nande 
Okra, w., bondo 
Old, adj., ngova = wova; 

to be old, wovango; of 

old, WQ, polon 
Old warrior, w., klla-hinl 

On, prep., hii, ma, ya; on 

account of, va 
Once, adv., \m yela; at 

once, wo, sa p|, vao, 

vaon ; once only, yelakpe 
One, num. adj., yela; saro 

yela, one orange; one 

by one, ngengele ; one 

taught to sing, tooibu; 

one of you, wu yelage 
Onion, n., yawa; small kind 

of onion called yabes 
Only = but, adv., leke, 

yakpe, yahgo, pol'on; 

kpe, as suffix. I fel|-kpe 
Open, tr. v., ndawo = Jawoi 

po = wo = wu; open 

forcibly, pinye = binye 
Opening, n., ndala, nda- 

woma, WQ 
Openly, adv., fofg-hfi, ke 
Open space before the 

house, ngiti 
Opponent, n., fanyo 
Opportunity, n., wokoila, 

gokoli. He sought an 

opportunity, I hinda go- 
Oppression, n., kpiinde. 

He stopped oppression, 

Ta kpiinde gUlao 
Oracles of God, ngewQ yiei 
Orange, n., diimb|le, saio, 

sargsaso ; bitter* orange, 

Order, in, kg, kowfi; in 

order that 
Ordinance (statute), n., 

ndayla = layia, plu. layi- 

Organize, tr. v., pa 
Origin, n., hijoma, tatgma 

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Oriole, a bird of the^ kind, 

Ornaments, n,, mayili-haka, 

Orphan, n., pond6-l6 
Orphanage, n,, pOndoya 
Other, adj\, peka ='weka, 

woma ; the* other side 

of the sea, gboye-woma 
Our, ^row., mu; our' own, 

ours, mu-nda, wu-wo; 

we ourselves, muviili 
Out, adv,, hu; outer or back 

of the hand, toko-woma 
Outicry, w., yele,*kpao * 
Outside, w., ngituja, mayi- 

tiya, poma = woma, ya 
Outskirts, n., ndogboi-la 
Ovary, n., nd9g9tu 
Over, adv,, ma, mahii; over 

against, tengflo 
Overboil, tr, v., kporo 
Overcome, tr. v., tf w^ = dew§ 
Overgrown, v., bibr, kpiti 
Overpower, tr. v., kpiti 
Oversee, tr. v., kpe, hugbf 
OvOTseer, n., hUgbe - mo, 

Overtake, tr, v., male 
Overthrow, tr, v., kula, ya- 

wote, ngawote 
Owl,' n., mbu * 
Own, n,, mbe, mbu, nda, 

wo, wqIo; my own, nya 

nda a7i4 nyambe; his 

own, ngi nda 
Owner, n., ma-mo; owner 

of cattle, 
Oyster, n., nwoni 
Oyster-shell, n., nwgni-ga 
Ox, n,, nika-hlna 

Pace, n., jiagi 

Pacify, tr, v., nepo 

Package, w., tiwi 

Pad, w., fiiko 

Paddle, w.,*nguli; paddle 
canoe, bolomulende; long 
steersman's paddle, b^lo- 

Pail, n., bogoti 

Pain, n., kpale-hii; to be in 
pain, gbafengo — contr. 
gbaengo, yagbalengo, and 
yagbaengo; pain in the 
region of the heart, ndi- 
gbale; pain in the side, 
kaka-gbale; pain in the 
body, kah'ii-gbale ; pain 
in the abdomen,* kohii- 
gbale; pain through indi- 
gestion, gembe 

Painting the skin, tevijo; 
painted, nyegi 

Palace, n., pele-wa 

Palatable, to make, ne and 
neni; nao describes the 
taste not quite palatable. 
Ngiiru wue ke na6. The 
fruit of that tree is not 

Palaver, to have, tukpo 

Palisade, n,, tembe 

Palm-bird, w., jele, mbaku 

Palm-cabbage, *w., mbgle, 

Palm kernel, n., tglu 

Palm leaves, n., njanja, njasa 

Palm nut, n., si; palm nut 
in a state of perfection, 
town, tfwu; immature 
p'alm nut, tf wu-yomb© 

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Palm oil, w., ngiilo-gbon, 
i.e. red oil; fresh and 
clean palm oil, semale 

Palm tree, n., tokpo, pro- 
ducing the oil and ker- 
nel now an important 
article of commerce; a 
species of palm tree, 

Palm wine, w., tokpo-lg, 

Falsify, become incapable 
of injuring, nangango 

Palsy, w., nanga-higbe; the 
person sick of the palsy, 

Pangolin, w., kanye 

Pant, v., Tonde 

Pap, paps,*nyini, nylnisia 

Paper, w., kolo 

Parable, w., sale = jale, plu. 
saleisia = jaleisia; put- 
ting forth parable, sale 

Paralytic, See Palsy 

Parasite, n., meheli-mo 

Parboil, fiivii 

Parcel^ n., tiwi 

Parch, tr. v., ngele, gali 

Pardon, to ask, 'demu 

Pare, tr, v., magao or 

Parent, w., ndfmo = lemo, 
plu. leb^la, lebSlesia. 

Parrot, w., kpegbe = gbegbe. 
Ngi la-bowei kotongo le, 
ke kpakpaS, Its bill is 
bent, crooked, and hard 

Part,w., kekele, nda; some 
part, tengo ; small part, 


Partake, tr, v., lengojo, ma- 

Partaker, n,, tengo-jo 
Partridge, n., foklo and 

Pass, tr, V,, ndewe, lewe, 

tewe ; it came* to' pass,*! 

ye weni or m iye weui 

winde = pinde; to pass 

from place to place, de- 

tewe; pass over to the 

other side, dewe kaka 

wekei ma ; pass through, 

Passage, n., pele 
Passion, n., ndi dewengo le 
Passionate person, n., ndi- 

Passionately, adv., kebi 
Passover, feast of, tewe 

mahii goma, tewe mahui 
Pasturage) n./ makema, 

Patience, n., holima(?)ndi- 

lei; ndllo male kiilo= wait 

a* little 
Patient person, n., ndi- 

hou-mo; hindo ndi-lei-mo 
Patient continuance in well 

doing, no hinda wanda 

Patch, w., pee 
Path, 71., pele 
Paw, 71., yengalu, toko 
Pawn, tr, v,, hele-hei 
Pawpaw tree and fruit, w., 

Pay, tr, v., kpa gbia, kpei- 

gbia, paga 
Payment, n., pawa, baga 
Peace, n,, ndilali, ndilei, 

an(i ndaeli; hmdayekpli. 

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They held their peace, 

Ti ye yiani, i,e. did not 

Peaceful person,^., ndileimo 
Peace-maker, w., huhoni-mo, 

hu-h9U-ino, plu. hti-hQ- 

Pearl, w., pall, ngoto = 

woto, plu. wotoisia 
Pebbles used by magicians, 

Peck. tr. v., songba, ma- 

Peel, verb, n,, magao, ma- 

Peer (equal), tengo 
Pelican, w., pupuni, njawa- 

ma, noni, gbbngb5to 
Peneti-ate, tr, v., wangu 
Pem'nsula, n., londi 
Penis, n,, mbulo 
People, n., ndnga, plu. of nii 
Pepper, n., piitse or piije, 

plu. piijeisia. Pijevofo,a 

small insect causing a 

pain like pepper in the 

eye. Pepper plaDt, n., 

Perceive, tr, v., hiigQ, to, 

yabele, hulo 
Percolate, tr, v., hola 
Perdition, n., nyani 
Perfect person, w., tonya-mo, 

plu. tQuya-b^la, sansa- 

bSla ; to be perfect, san- 

Perfection, w., kx)oyo-hinda 
Perform, tr, v., gbia ; per- 
form a miracle, kabende 

or kabandf gbia 
Perhaps, adv,, woi. Ta nde 

lo tenga, perhaps, it may 

be ; perhaps he may go, 
tenga a li lo 

Perish, intr, v., ndg = lo, ha. 
They perish in the water, 
Ti lo nje hii 

Perjury, w'., nde jondu wua 

Permission, n., pel? 

Permit, tr, v., be,* kavali or 
kavai, nduma = liima 

Perplex, tr, v., ndi-hele, 

Perplexity, n., yeye 

Persecute, tr. v., ngafa = 
yafa, to, yakpe, mu yake- 

Persecution, 71., hinda ngafa, 
ngakpe nyania 

Perseverance, w., no, noma 

Persevere, tr. v., ngakpla = 

Persist, tr. v., no 

Persistent, adj., novi 

Person, mo and ta-mo, plu. 
bSla; nil, niimu, plu. 
niinga. Male or female, 
k§na. A person not con- 
nected with any society 
as the Poro or Sande, 
kpowa; a person or 
thing of unusual size, 
mbowa; a person of 
rank, wealth, or power, 
tama ; a person in single 
life, kpawo or kpaO ; an 
aged person, kpfekblo; a 
person or animal * with 
young beside them, 
koima; persons called by 
the same name, men 
whose wives are sisters, 
togbai; an elderly per- 
son of either sex, mama ; 

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a very old person, roa- 

ma-ta ; a person excelling 

all others, gbeni 
Perspiration, w.,'fondo 
Perspire, intr. v., vondo 
Persuade, tr, v., gbonda. 

We will persuade him, 

Mangi li lei lo ngua, ngo hii 
Persuasion, *w., ndi yamala 
Perverse, tr, v., te-hlnda 

hou a tonya 
Pervert, tr. v., wu-w6te, 

yawotf, i,e, turn one's 

Pestilence, w., higbe wa 
Pestle, w., ngete; ngete- 

gbiilo, hard callous on 

the hand 
Pewter, w., jinji 
Pewter basin, w., woll 
Piazza, w., gbenje, faka and 

Pick, tr, v., songba, nge- 

ngela ; pick out, hiiwgyo ; 

pick up, ngoyo; picked 

up beneath, ngombu, 

Piece, w., kpu; piece of 

silver, pala, ngenge 
Pierce with a spear, sondu 
Pigeon, n,y bomukulo, 

powo; pigeon of green 

colour, w., povovo 
Pillar, 71., ndoko = loko; 

nele-loko, pillar of the 

Pillow, n., ngiimbu gule ma 
Pimples upon the face, 

Pin, n, and v., fowa 
Pincers, w., gbanya 
Pinch between two hard 

substances, kpewo; pinch 
with the fingers, foul 

Pine-apple, n., piilu-wui, 

Pine away, v., ndogbo, 

Pipe, intr, v., kSle vfnga 

Pipe (tobacco), ta-ve 

Piss, intr. v., ngoli-bo 

Pit, n., ndQwa 

Pitiful, adj,, mamao 

Pitted, indented, nwQnyo- 

Pity, n, and v., mann, ma- 
mauma; to feel pity, ma- 

Place (order), w., g§ and 
gele; nda=la,he, hXnda; 
place for sleeping) ndama ; 
place for tarrying (grave), 
ndembima = lembiroa; 
place for residing, yele= 
ye ; place for resting,'p"re- 
paring, kpuko : tr, v., place 
together, nakpo, ndekpe, 

Plain, adj,, len, ge 

Plain, w., biilo 

Plainly, adv,, saha = sasa; 
great plainness of speech, 
ngau lew§ wa 

Plait, v., ndlmba . 

Plan, n. and v., kara ; plan 
= plotting against, voml- 

Plane, n., koline 

Plant, n., hi, tu, tiihfim; 
plant used for greens, 
monjo ; plant with broad 
leaves and red pods grow- 
ing from the root, con- 

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iaining an acid pulp, 
poDu ; plant used as 
tobacco, tgngoni 

Plantain, n., mana; small 
plantain, konde 

Plantain skin, ??., mana-ga; 
plantain stock cut down, 

Plaster, tr, v., maho 

Plate, w., tgingi = jingi = 

Platform, n., sllo-bete, 

Platter, w., linji 

Play, w. and v., tf , ka, ndo- 
li, kogbaololi, kpakpa- 
ni, gambd, giile ; mbaka, 
yilila, tego, to play to ; 
play with live snakes, 
diam bo; play a musi- 
cal instrument, ngeli ; 
magical play, ndoso Igli 

Plj^y-board,n.,tegoko'; play 
by catching and draw- 
ing each other over a 
line, ndagbia 

Playmate, n,, ndolinyo = 

Plead, tr. v., mavale ; plead 
for, topo; plead with, 

Pleader, w., mavale-mo 

Pleasant, adj., hango (?); 
make pleasant, mane, 
maneni, neni; pleasant 
voice, ngo-leli 

Please, tr, v,, kgne, ne or 
nei neni. I am pleased 
with him, Nya ll leingo 
ngi ma. Pleased with 
new surroundings, nga- 
mane ; pleasing, ndlleU 

Pleasures, n,, ndibellsia 

Pledge, v., hele hei 

Pleiades, w., sokole or so* 
kele. See sokelf" giilu, a 
flock of sSkele = the seven 
stars called* Pleiades 

Plentiful, to be, v., kpi- 

Plentifully, adv., kibeli 

Plenty, n., sogbo 

Plot, n. and v., voml. Plot 
against, voml wua 

Plough, tr. v., piija 

Pluck, tr. v., butu, butula, 
buja ; pluck from, magbe- 
nda magbia, kplnda, pii* 
kpla; one that plucks, 
ngglimo; to pluck frnli 
with a pole, sondu 

Plucked, wonjenga 

Plum tree, n., ndawa, gbCji 

Plunder, tr. v., kapu 

Plunderer, n., kapu-mo, 

Pocket, n., njlva 

Point =, aim, tr. v., to 
ngafu ne or nene; n.', 
ngula yafu, point of a 
stick. Point = place, to 
land at, bomb!. Point of 
death, yeke i ha 

Pointed, pem-peni, pepele, 
ngali, faki, yafune,'ng^- 

Poison, n., dawn, hubg- 
h&ni; poison of snakes, 
taramtular, koni; tr. v., 
hubg and hubgu 

Polished, manee 

Polliwig, n., kpiitu 

Polygamist, n., nyaha gb$- 

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Polygamy, w., nyaha-gboto- 

Pond, n., pola, popa, nja- 


Pool^ n,, popa ; small pools 
near a river, boDgolo 

Poor, n. and adj,,'ieM = 
"veli ; to be poor, felingo 

Poor person, w., feli-mo, 
nyani-mo, plu. nyani- 

Porch, w., gbenjei 

Porcupine, w., 'seje = jeje 
or piwi, plu., def. st., 

Porcupine-quill, piwi-kpa 

Pork, n., ndonde-hiia 

Poro, the name given to a 
secret society of men ; 
a similar institution of 
women is called Sande. 
Poro-yafa, i,e. the Ppro 
devil, a person fantasti- 
cally dressed, represent- 
ing himself as a spirit 

Porter, w., i,e, door-opener, 
pela wo-mo 

Portico, n., faka 

Portion, n,, kekele, nda; 
small portion, kere 

Possess, tr. v., yeya, i.e. to 
have, to be in hand. I 
do not possess anything, 
Hani gbi nya yeya. To 
hold, hou. They took 
possession of the forest, 
Ti ndogbei hou. If you 
were possessed of six- 

Sence, what would you 
o then? Ina navo gole 
pensi woita i ye bi yeya, 
ba ye pela? 

Possession, n., heiroa, so- 

hani, solo-hani. ' Ngeya 
Possessor, w., so-hani mo 
Possible, adj.,* hani gbi e 

gbakpau. Ma pegi lo 

Post, w., ndoko = loko. 

Doorpost, nele loko 
Pot, w., fe = ve ; water-pot, 

ya-ve. ' Earthen pot with 

a long neck, ndumbu, 

Potato, sweet, 7f., njowe; 

potato leaf, njowe-la 
Potter, n.y felo-ipo ;' potter's 

field, pena-gbale 
Pouch of the pelican, n., 

Pound, v., kpakpa 
Pound, n., mina; ten pounds, 

mina piiisia 
Pour, tr. v., njei-wu, ye and 

yei, pu, jiindu, sende" 
Pout, Mr. v., ndagbgtu 
Poverty, w., velima 
Powder, n., dehe, dehena 
Power, w., kpaye; one 

who has power, kpaye-mo ; 

to be in power, kpaye- 

ngo; power or wealth 

obtained in war, kila- 

Powerful, adj., jiijii 
Practice, w., namakoi 
Praise, n., lato, sa-ha, da to, 

tato, namata 
Pray, tr. v., he. They make 

long prayer, Ta he giiha 

we. Pray to, hale ; pray 

to' Grod for good or evil 

to happen to another, 


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Prayer, w., hela, he. Bi hei 
meningo le. Place for 
prayer, hema; the Lord's 
Prayer, ndemohei 

Preach, tr. v., If, njia ye- 
kpei le hehe 

Preacher, w., ngewo yia le 
mo, hehe-mo 

Precept, n., sawa = jawa, 

Precious, adj., i.e, not 
cheap, ba gbanga 

Precipitately, adv., dadu, 

Predict, tr, v., belegbomo 

Pre-eminence, n., nguma 

Pregnancy, n., ko-hlti-hii 

Pregnant, to be, i ye kShii 
16. Tinia a gol6. Ko 

Premises, w., kiign, ye- 

Prepare, tr. v., ndaraagbate 
= lamagbate, kpate ; also 
put in order 

Prepared, kpatengo 

Prepuce, n., pondo, soli 

Present, adj.,' gbegbe. In 
the presence of, ngama 
= yama, labu. I am 
present, ngi ngama lo; 
present year, nyomoi 

Present (gift), w., mboya; 
present of food, ndagSli ; 
present from an unex- 
pected source, hani-hota ; 
to give or send a present, 
Jamba, njoyo ; the person 
who makes a present, 
mb6-ya-mo, mboya haoi- 
mo, one that * gives a 
present for a wife 

Present = show, ge ; pre- 
sent well, magbongbo 
Presently, adv., ti, sangi 
Preserve, tr, v., fulo, nda- 

ma gbate 
Press, tr, v., kponda = gbo- 
nda, nikpa;* press out, 
Pretence, n,, yara-hlnda 
Pretext, n., pe ngama. 
Though it be done in pre- 
text, Ko be pe ngama le. 
Pretty, adj., ny^nde 
Prevail, tr, v., tewe, faya 
Prevent, tr, v., huhou, ma- 

Price, n., ba gbango, ndevu 

hani lo, ba 
Prickle, w., ngali 
Prickly, to be, adv., fililongo 
Pride, n,, nyanga, yonga 
Priest, n,, prisi; high priest, 

prisi wa 
Prince, n,, sama, plu. 

Prison, w., kpindi we-bu, 

Prisoner, w., kende mo, plu. 
kendebfila, kpindi we-bu- 
Prison-keeper, w., kpindi 

Private, in, ndowu hu = 

lowuhu, toke 
Private parts, ndabu 
Privy, n., gawama 
Proclaim, tr. v,, hehe 
Proclaimer, n., solema-mo 
Proclamation, n., li yedoi, 
solema; make proclama- 
tfon, solema we 
Prodigal, adj., taina 

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Prodigality, w., madama, 

Prodigy, w., nali 
Produce, as fruit or seed, 

tr. v., wua 
Projectile, w., kpande-gale 
Projecting, wgjeg§ 
Prolapsus ani, ??., kpolu 
Promise, tr. v., gboro, kele 
Proof, n., nali 
Prop up, v., fala 
Propelled by oars, mangi 
Proper, it is, mahou, ma- 

Properly, a<iv., panda-panda 

= wanda-wanda 
Property, w., solo-hani = 

Prophecy, n,, liiwoma hinda 

Prophesy, tr. v., tiiwQ hinda 

Prophet, n., tiiwoma yla-lf- 

Prosper, v., liiba, yekpe = 

gbfkpe. I gbfkpea ngi 

Prosperity, w., kohune-ma- 

Prostitute, n., hite-nyaha 
Prostrate, tr. v., va 
Prostrated, felee 
Protect, tr. v., hUgbe, ma- 

Protection, n., hugbe-hlnda 
Protector, n., hugbe-mo 
Protruding, faki-na; pro- 
truding lips, yengele, 

Proud, adj., mamani ; to be 

proud, mamaningo le, 

ngaw9ngo, yongo 

Proud person, n., ngaw5- 

mo, mamani-mo 
Prove, tr. v., huge, gbia- 

Proverb, n., sale 
Provide, tr. v., ndama-gbate 
Provoke, tr. v., fawgli = 

vawgli, wii 
Prune, tr. v., nikpa 
Pruning time, n., po-kpele, 

po-ngiiru po-wele 
Psalm, n., ngule-goloi 
Puberty, to reach, nyapo, 

kpela, lakpa, ndakpa 
Public, in, f9fo Im 
Publican, ?<., uav9-gando- 

Pucker, tr. v., njonjo 
Puddle, w., popa 
Pull, tr. v., kpla, wukpia, 

bugbia, ponje, ndala, nda 
Pulverize, tr. v., poponye 
Pumpkin, w., towa 
Puncheon, n., kolo 
Punish, tr. v., namlsa \^e, 

Punishment, severe, n., 

mone,nimisa; everlasting 

punishment, nimlsa kuna 

fD ; place of punishment, 

Pupil, n., ndo ; pupil of the 

eye, ngama-lo 
Pure, adj., fofo; pure in 

heart, ll magolengo, sage, 

sewe, kole, sege 
Purgative,* n., mayela 
Purity, n., ngiia we, gbela 
Purpose, n., keg§, gbeva lo ; 

purpose of revenge,ndlaja 

Purse, n., kpavo, vgwoli = 

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vol! nongbe, plu. nq- 

Pursue, tr. v., kpe, ngote- 

gbla, ngakpe 
Pus from the eye, n., polo 
Push, tr, v., tukpe = dukpe 

= lukpe ; push out, ngi- 

Puss, w., gone 
Put, tr. v., pu = bu = wu ; 

put asunder, ndua-ggle; 

put in, ngua, ndo = lo, 

tongo; put aside for safe 

lieeping, ndama-gbate 

Quagmire, n., yenge 
Quantity, w., kpotoma 
Quarrel, n., njia-hinda, to 

have a quarrel, tiikpo. 

Fa = va hinda 
Quarrelsome, adj\, yeye, 

toma, fa = va 
Queen, n., nyaha mahei 
Queen of white ants, n,, 

Quench, tr, v., ndiife = lufe 
Question, n, and v., moli 
Quibbling, hite-hite 
Quick, arfy., kak^, sa; quick- 
tempered, ndi vulo 
Quickly, adv,, gbeleu, fia, 

filo p§, pu,sa, sarigi, kpao, 

jai, mbele-mbele 
Quiet, tr.'v'., nepo' 
Quietly, adv,, tok§ 
Quite to, all the way, adv., 

Quiver, n., menye-ta; v., 

Quiveringly, adv,, kpili 


Eabbit, n., hagbe: doe, 
hagbe wii]o ha*; buck, 
hagbf wiilo hina 

Pace, n., vofo, pime-vofoi; 
i ya a pime, wilimi 

Raft, tr. v., kpaha, to float 

Page, as the sea, intr. v., 
diimbe; raging, dumbela 

Ragged,* to become, haga' 

Rain, n., nja = ya ; gentle 
rain, nja mumui; it is 
raining, njei lo wama 

Rainbow, n., ninginanga 

Rain-shed, n., kpiiwa, nja 

Rainy season, n., hama 

Raise, tr, v., te = de, dela ; 
raise seed, hiilo; raise, 
bring up, make; raise 
upon, male ; raise up, 
kpavo; raise up the 
dead, wa ha-b^la viilu 

Ram, n., mbala hina 

Ransom, n,, ngumao hani 
or hinda 

Ransomer, n., ngumao-mo 

Rapacious, adj., woya' 

Rapacious person, *woya-mo 

Rapids, n., sule 

Eash, adj., woya 

Rat, n., fologbete and foe- 
gbete, nyina,'t6ndo, vgro, 
nina = nyina 

Rather, adv., polon 

Rattle, n., jeke, segbula, 

Raven, n., gome, plu. go- 

Raw, adj., ngiindu = wu- 

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ndu ; to be raw, ngungo, 
wundungo (ngundia = 

Razor, w., kpeka 

Beach, tr, v.] hite, ngafo; 
reach puberty, nyap5, fo 

Read, tr. v., ke = ge, kele; 
gei, lei 

Reader, n., kolo-ge-mo 

Ready, adj., hei-gili ; to be 
or make ready, ngama- 
gbate = lamagbate, yeke, 
ye ; ye i ha, ready to die 

Reap, tr. v., tewe 

Reaper, n., tewe-mo 

Reason, n. and v., mawai 
hou, gili nemahu, wii 
hIte ; gbeva, what for ? 

Rebel, w., kanga mo 

Rebellious, adj., kanga 

Rebuke, tr. v., houla a 
inagali, yia, kpande = 

' gbande 

Recall, tr. v., sondu-gbia; 
recall with sorrow, gili; 
recall the curse impre- 
cated, sondu gbia, fofee 

Receive, tr. v., so = jo, kuru 
= guru, giilu, mahou 

Reception, n., solo ; verb, n., 

Reckon, tr. v., kpa, kpa-hou 

Recompense, n., songo, 
mawa, nyo=go; recom- 
pense, good or evil, 

Reconcile, tr. v., hiila, 
ndileli = lileli va 

Recover, tr. and intr, v., 

Rectangular house, w., baa- 

Red, adj., kpogbou, ki>6u; 
to be or become red, 
kpoungo; a red berry 
growing in clusters, taya. 
TSeli. Red shining me- 
tal, kanigbaugbau (gold) 

Redden, tr. and intr. v., 
kpolu, kpowu, kpou 

Reddish earth or clay, n., 
bowo, bowo-boro 

Redeem, tr. v., bawo, ngu- 
mao = wumao, ken§i i 
ndopoi ji wiimaoa. Nga- 
ma wo-hinda. Ngu-ma- 
wgya (mumawo ?) 

Redeemer, n., bawo-mo 

Redemption, n., wiimao, 

Reduce, tr. v., madewe, 

Reed, the leaf of which is 
used with offerings to 
twins, n., kale, kotopon, 
tikpo, powe, howa' 

Reflect, tr. v., kill 

Refuse, tr. v., magali, ma- 
bali jowi 

Refuse matter, n., kawg 

Refuser, n., magali-mo 

Regard, tr. v., mbele-hou, 
mani bele-hou 

Region, n., kaka = lala 

Reject, tr. v., gbele 

Rejoice, intr. v., kahu-gbia, 
gohune, nya gahiine gbi- 
anga, nya gohune 

Relate, tr. v., hughe, yiala, 

Relatives, including pa- 
rents, n., wiinga and 
won<?a, and perhaps = 
wu-niinga=your people; 

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ndenga, pin. ndenge- 
Reluctantly, with drag- 
ging footsteps, adu,, sang- 
Hely upon, tr, v., vara and 

Bemain, tr, v., 16; iye na, 
he is there. To remain 
through the day, tiiva = 
liiya. Ndembi = lembi 
Bemainder, n., monu, plu. 
monua; remainder due, 
mala, nduahu, bombo 

Bemember, tr, v., kill = 
gili; w., kllila ndama- 
gbate, lema, monu. Ee i 
monui tekpe l9le wu 
mbiimbuni ? And how 
many baskets of frag- 
ments did you take up ? 

Remission, n., manu 

Bemnant, n., kaka yela 
(Bom. ix. 27), m^nu or 
imgnu (Rom. xi. 6) 

Remote, adv,, kuhama 

Remove, tr. v., hiimbu, 
njanja, kiinde, kpiilf 

Rend (hurt, etc.), tr, v., 
bdla, nemu 

Rendezvous, n., heigo 

Renew, tr, v., ninlngo : n!na, 

Rent, n,, mbf lema 

Repair, tr, v.,* kpate ; and 

Eepay (good with evil), 
fyr, v., ndahugoli 

Eepeat rumours, tr, v,, 

Eepent, ir. v,, pote = W9t§. 
That they may repent. 

Ko ti glli ti w6t§. One 

who repents, potemo ; 

water of repentance) nja 

pote va 
Reply' = answer, n,, pote = 

Report, n., towo = dowo, 

ngo; false report, or re- 
port wickedly, mayafa; 

false report of death 

having occurred, tombe ; 

flying report, ndanda 

kiilo gona 
Reproach, n, and v,, sambo, 

lowonyani, nguf? 
Reprobate mind, gbamafu 

nemaha (Bom. i. 28) 
Require (as restitution), 

tr, v., mgli 
Rescue, tr, v., magao 
Resemblance, »., kplaye 
Resemble, intr. v., kpfa ; he 

resembles him, kplango le 

Resent, or revenge, an 

injury, tr, v,, ngii-hii- 

Reside, intr. v,, he and hei 
Residence, n,, hf iina 
Residuum (sediment), kpo 
Resign, letengo 
Resist, tr, v., ndapi = lapi, 

nylmi, vola 
Resistance,* w., v5la 
Resolute, adj,, magba 
Resort, place of, n., gomema 
Respect, tr, v., malua, ma- 

luahgo wa ; n., ba, bago. 

Respect of persons, niinga 

hiiwoyo ; show respect by 

presents, va, mbele, and 

mbele h9u 


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Eesponse used by men to 
superiors, t5la ; response 
of Sande members, tuma 

Eest, n,, ndevu=levu; rest 
upon, v., hei 

Eesting-place", ndevuma 

Restless, adj., yonda 

Restoration, ri., bawSla 

Restore, tr, v., ngama, 
yama, lagigbate, ma- 

Restrain, tr. v., ngah5u, 
huhou, magba 

Resurrection, n., hijema ; 
the resurrection of the 
dead, hljemei kunahai 
hu; at the time of the 
resurrection, hije-gbf i hii 

Retain in hand, v., h^umba, 

Retaliate, tr. v., hdnyQ 

Retribution, from God or 
the spirits of deceased 
relatives, n., koto 

Return CTil for good, tr. v., 
hiinyo, ngama = yama ; 
just returD, songo ; return 
to the husband the money 
he paid for his wife, kolu 

Returning, n., yamala 

Reveal, tr. v., ke = ge, gela 

Revenge, tr. v., hunyg, kot9, 

Reverence, w., bago. They 
shall reverence my son, 
Ta bago lo nya loi ma 

Revile, tr. v., ngell 

Revive, ^r.v.,vu(Rom. vii.9) 

Reward, tr. v., hunyo; 
nawa, reward for singing 
in one's praise 

Reward, n., boya-hani, pawa 

Rheumatism, n., kale-higbe 

Rib, n., kaka, gsLle, plu. 

Rice, W., mba, def. st, bei; 
to clean rice, mba ko- 
Imgo, gete; early rice, 

Rice beaten from the hnsk, 

Rice-bird with a red. neck, 

Rice farm, very lar^, 
manja; a field from which 
the rice has been bar- 
vested, njopo; field of 
early rice, biilu ; head or 
ear of rice, kpaka 

Rich, adj., and n., riches, 
kpate, 60 haDi gboto .lo. 
He was very rich, Ngi 
gbatengo gbon. Riches 
of goodness, hinda wanda 

Rich man, n., kpate-mo 

Riddle, w., hoboli 

Ridicule, tr. v.', sasi 

Rifle, w., kpande 

Right, adj. and n., domu 
If tonya, lemu, lele, le- 
mungo; right, not' left, 


Right hand, yeja lokSi 

Righteous, adj'.^ saha, to- 
nyango. Ti dgnyangoyele 
Ngf wo yama, They were 
righteous in the sight of 

Righteousness, n., tony-hl- 

Rigorous, adj., fig&nd? 

Ring, n., fQle; voko, thick 

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waxed ring nsed by 

Ring, tr, v., tiigba bamandf 
liigba ; ring of the fingers, 
toko ma viili 

Ring-worm, n., pene 

Ripe, adj',, bengo; ripen- 
ing (used of fruits which 
change colour), mamenye 

Rise, intr. v., hije and hlyf , 
humbu, le = de.' Rise and 
fall, i de i* ye 

River, n., kpoli, kpelu 

Road, w., pele 

Roar, as the sea, intr, v., 
diimbe, hiko; roaring of 
water) jule, kpande 

Roast, tr, v.,* mo, longa 

Rob, tr. V,, kapii 

Robber, n., kapii-mo 

Rock, w., kotu 

Rod, w., ngola-voma, foraa 

Roll, tr, and intr. v., kikili, 
gigilingo ; njowele, to 
roll between the hands, 
to wash as cloth ; roll up, 
koto, magoto; to roll, 
turn from side to side, 

Room, 71., kiindo 

Roost, intr. v., kaye 

Root, n., hape ; v., njombg : 
root up, wukpla, magbia 

Rope, n., ng§ya = yeya, 
nd^k^, kaja 

Eot, intr. v., ndiilu = lulu, 

Rottenness, n., ndiilu-hinda 

Rough, adj, and adv,^ woya. 
Roughness of the sea, 
dumb§, w$ya-hlnda, no- 

Round, adf,, kikili, bimbi- 
ma ; to be round, bimbi- 
ngo. Kere 

Row, tr. v., nje wulila, wiili 
ngiili ; to place in a row, 

Rub, tr, v., jia, tsia, sla, njo- 
wele, nikpa, nikpo, nigilr, 
manlkpo; rub, as in 
washing the body, njo- 
wolo, krje 

Ructate, ndoku 

Rudder, w., gbi 

Rude, adj,, mb9le 

Rude person, w.,'mbolegba- 

Ruin of a town, tombs 

Rule, tr. v., mahii-gbe 

Ruler, n., mahii-gte-mo, 
ndemo, ke 

Rum,' w., ndo = lo 

Run, intr, v., pela, bela = 
wela; run away, pime 
= wfme = bime; run 
swiftly, gbende; run in 
streams, sende 

Runner (plant), ngeyako 

Rust, n,, kaiye 

Sabbath, as observed in the 
interior of the country, 
n,, tene 

Sabre, n., ko-b§wa, mbowa 

Sack, ngngba 

Sacred, adj., malua 

Sacrifice, n., sa = ja, sa- 
hani ; tr. v., sa-gbia ; verb, 
n,, sa-gblala; the place 

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where sacrifices are made, 
Sad, adj. and adv,, voli ; to 
be sad, volingo, nyandf- 
ngo i le, kpav9 = gbavo 
Sagacious, to be, nemahia- 

lengo, as, ngilanga 
Said, ye, ngee 
Sail, n., fefe kiile or kole: 
v., jia fefe, tijia a nja- 
ya, we ; sail through the 
air, kdwo. Fefe wa i fefe- 
golesia gbi bela, i ti nya- 
ni, A strong* wind was I 
blowing in their sails, and 
spoiled them. Set sail, ti 
fefe-g9lesia hele 
Sailor, w.,*ndende-hii-mo 
Sake of, conj,, va; for my 

sake, nya-va 
Sale, n., majia 
Saliva, n,, ndaya 
Salt, n., kpolo ; salted, kpo- 

Salt water (sea), n., kpolo- 
ya; sack or stick of salt, 
Salutation, n,, fa = va, fama 

wela hani 
Salute, tr, v., fa = va 
Salvation, n., bawo-hinda, 

bawola, mbo-hinda 
Same, *a(iy., se, sele; the 
same, ta-te,*yakpf ; the 
same things, hinda yakpe- 
Sand, n,, nganga, nanye, 
nanya; sand used by 
magicians, kenye 
Sandal, n., koka 
Sande. See Part I. 
Sand-flies, w., giimu 

Sande enclosure within the 
town, ngii-mahii; Sande 
bush, kpangiima; Sandf 
jowo, the highest member 
of the Sande institute 

Sap, n,, nja = ya, ngumi 

Sasa-wood, n., ngogbe ; 
se&rch for by the use of 
Satiate with food, kove 
Satisfy, tr, v., ndeli ' 
Sauce, 91., pepejene, sambele 
Saucy, ac^y., "fasi 
Savage, n., mbole ; savage 
person, mb5le-gbanjo, 
Save, tr. v., mbao, ba6, 
bawo ; to he saved, p5po, 
min£ago popo va; he 
saved them,'i ti wiimao 
Saviour, n., mbawo-mo 
Savour, tr. v., toina, nein, 

Saw, tr. v., gene, genene ; to 

saw apart,*m'bela 
Say, tr. v., nde, le ; yfi^ ye, 

saith, said 
Saying, tee = be = bu, 

hgee, njia, yla, la-yia 
Scab of a healed sore, 

Scabbard, n., ta 
Scaffold, n., mbete 
Scale, ka, def. st kf i, = ga, 

def. si gei 
Scar, n., kpb = gbo, ndewe- 
gbo, bee ; kegeli-gbo, 
scars from yaws on the 
bottom of the feet ; scar 
or pit from small-pox, 





Scare, tr, v., ngande = ya- 

nde, hu-yande, hu-luwa 
Scatter, tr. v., faya = vaya, 

fall, huvaya 
Scattered, vayango 
Scent, n., ku = gu ; scent 

of the musk-cat, beye ; 

scent of animals, md,gu ; 

scented mixture for 

anointing, fafa 
School, w., jdku, kawe, kara- 

wele ; in school, k^webu. 

Place for learning, kara- 

Scold, tr, v., tumbe = du- 

mbe ; scold much/kpande 
Scorch, tr, v., logbo 
Scorpion, w., kohema and 

Scour," tr. v., kije 
Scourge, tr. v., tewe, gbato 
Scowl, tr. v., kpcnje = gbenye 
Scrap, w., kombS 
Scrape, tr. v., kpene = gbe- 
nye, magombb komb9 
Scratch, tr. v., kone, kombo, 

logbo, gombo, ngange 
Scream, w.) yel§ 
Screen, n., nj4nja 
Screw-pine, n., pamba 
Scribe, w., kglo nyegi-mo 
Scrip, w., kpava 
Scrotal tumour, n., sikpe 
Scrotum, w., njgvo-ta, njovo- 

Sculptor in stone, n., kgtu 
beli-mo ; sculptor in wood, 

Scum, w., kpoto 
Scurf-back, n., kokolS 
Sea, w., kp5ye, popa; sea- 
coast, njagbfanga 

Search, tr. v., koli, kokoh', 
feye, nigile, nigili ; search 
by magic, totogbe, wo- 
koli, ndo ; search for food, 
nehe, hu-vese 

Season, dry,ngele-vo, ngevo, 
from Novemijer to April 

Seat, w., he-wiilu, plu. he- 
wiiluisia; bafigo, mbole, 
mbol6, kpaksiU, seat 
with three legs ; square- 
shaped seat, gbehS ; seat 
= abode, hfima 

Second, w. and adj., felege ; 
the second, If^lege 

Secret, n., ndgwu=lowu; 
in secret, ndgwu-hii, 
ndowungo, tSkf 

Secretly, adv., monden 

Section of a pawpaw tree, 
that gives a variety of 
soimdi as struck on the 
thigh, w., bokf kiiwe 

Sediment, n,, kpo 

Sedition, n., njanja-hlnda 

See, <r. v., to = do = lo; mema, 
an exclam. = do see ! 
take notice ! to see before, 

Seed, Vi., tuh&ni, kal§, hfl, 
def. St. hui, bahii, seed 
corn, nyghu ; tegale, some 
kind of seed used in play- 
ing te ; seed grain, koja 

Seek, tr. v., kokoli = wokoli, 
ndo = lo 

Seize, tr. v., ngasa; seize 
forcibly, kpunde = gbiinde 

Select, tr. v., hii-woyo 

Self, pron.y be, mbe; also 
own, vuli and viilui. Ti 
vuli, themselves ; I myself, 

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nya-Tulr; to have one's 
self, i,e, to be free, wu- 

Sell, tr. V,, majia majiangOi 
ngutoka; sell as slaves, 
ngeya; to sell all, bgno; 
to buy and sell, felego 

Seller, n., majia-mo*, iigfya- 

Send, tr, v., dewe; send 
away, kpe and kpele, to 
= do = 16 ; send a present, 
njSyS, simba = jamba; 
send back, ngama = yama 

Sensation of heat, n., nduf- 

Sense, *w., nemahu; to have 
or be possessed of sense, 
dewengo ; person pos- 
sessed of sense, nemahii 

Separate, tr, v, and adj.,, lua- 
hu, kole = gole; faya, 
gbembo, gba, njanja = 
yanja, huyanja, separate 
as friends ; state of sepa- 
ration, yango; gbia, kina 
ti wu gbia ti goma 

Serpent, n., kali, karinyene 

Servant, «., boilopo; male 
servant, hindo boilopo; 
female servant, nyaha- 

Serve,* tr, v., kpe gbia ; one 
who serves, kpe-gbia-mo 

Servitude, n., ndiiwoya 

Set, tr. v., he, hei, hite: set 
up, hei-mahii ; set a trap, 
manga te, ngate 

Settle, a dispute, tewe. He 
settles the dispute, I 
njiei d§wea, hiila. Used 

of fluids = clarify, ndo- 
Seven, num, adj,, wofela 
Seventh, ord, w., Iwof|]agei 
Severe, adj,, kele, ngandl' 
Severity, w., yagba, ngagba- 
hinda, nai, ngamongo nai 
Sew, tr, v., ho, soko 
Sewer, «., ho-mo, klila-ho- 

Shade, n., ndendeli 
Shadow, n., nene, ndendeli 
Shake, tr, v., kpagba, bii- 
kpule, jijiama, fivt ; to be 
shaken, kindengo a reefei 
kpinde, vivi;* shake with 
fear, magibeil. Sejia, jigi 
or jisi, kpele. Shaking, 
nyuke tlva; i,e, shaking 
of a leaf, a gbeli tiva- 
Shallow, adj,, tete le, njenje 
Shame, w.,ngiif| = wiif|; to 
be ashamed, wiifengo ; to 
shame children ' out of 
untidy habits, ma^role 
Shameful, adj., sambo 
Shameless, adj., ngiif|-ba 
Shape, w., kpiage 
Shapeless, adj., vabai 
Share, tr, v., mbf la, kole 
Shark, n., tiimu' 
Sharp, adj,, ndl ; to be sharp, 
ndingo, yandlngo, ne, 
nene, ngandi, ngandmgo; 
sharpen to a point, nga- 
f5na ; sharpened sticks in 
a* barricade, temba 
Sharpness, n,, ngali, ngandf, 

Shave, tr^ v., ngole = wole, 
kpule; one who shaves 

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or whose head is shaved, 

ngu-wole-mo = shaver 
She, pron., a, i, ta 
Sheaf, n., mba = ba-ylll 
Shed, i.e. ram-shed, n., 

kpuwa, nja-gbuwa 
Shed, tr. v., ye, laya ; shed 

blood, nama wu va 
Sheep, n., mbala ha; ram, 

mbala hina; lost sheep, 

mbala longoi 
Sheep's mane,* mbala vili 
Shell, n., ka, def. st. kel; 

also the scales of serpents. 

Shell of the pgya, used in 

the Poro 
Shell, tr. v., ndole 
Shepherd, w., mahti-gbe-mo, 

and tohani mahu-gbe- 

Shield, w., heimbe, hembe, 

Shift 'about, seeking food, 

Shine, intr. v., vo, vongo; 

shining, mavongo, neku; 

shining metal, as silver or 

gold, kani 
Ship, w., ndende. He went 

into a ship, I wilia ndende 

Shipbuilding, art of, ndende 

gbakpa nemahu dewf 
Shirt, n., kamba or kiimba, 

njamba, ndoma; kamlsa, 

shirtwithflattened bosom 
Shiver, intr. v., kpell 
Shoe, w., koka, koga, kowa 
Shoemaker, /?., kolo-bomo 
Shoot, w., mbo = bo, kpohu ; 

tr. v., pfli = will* 
Shooter, n., kpande wlli-mo 

Shore, n., nglye, njei gbea- 

nga, gboyei gbelanga 
Short, adj., nia, kutu ; in a 

short time, hugutiingo; 

short hair, ngii-nia 
Shorten, tr. v., kutu 
Shortly, adv., sangi, wei, hii 

i lembini 
Shot (bullet), n,, kpande- 

gale, ko-vago (?) 
Shoulder, n., kpaki, kakima 
Shout, intr. v., sole 
Shove, tr, v., tiikp§ 
Shovel, n., haka 
Show, tr. v., ke, ge, kela = 

gela, hiige; show respect, 

mbele-hou, kpla. I genga 

a-ngie. He showed himself 

to him. A ngi viile ge a 

ngi ndengesia, He made 

himself known to his 

Shrewd, adj. and n., kaso ; 

shrewd person, kasokpeiii 
Shriek, intr. v., yele ' 
Shrimp, w., pe*p|; sauce 

made from partly decayed 

shrimps, pepe-jene 
Shrink, intr. v.,'ndondovo 
Shrivelled, tava, logbo 
Shrub, w., pegbia * 
Shudder, intr. v., kpeli 
Shun, tr. v,, ngandf 
Shut, tr. v., logbo, ganyi, 

kpole, and kpolii 
Shuttlecock, n., dekpo 
Sick, adj., higbe. Hikpe, 

intr. v., to groan, grunt, 

as in pain 
Sicken, v. and adj., higbe, 

ma villa 
Sickle, n., nQhgba or ngngbe 

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Sickly, adv,, higbe-hfgbe 

Sickoess, n., higbe hlnda^ 

Sick person, n,, hIgbe mo, 

Side, n., kaka. = yaka = ya 
= gS,ka. Ngiirai lo dpni 
pele yake ma. The other 
side, kafca wekfi; this 
side, bei yaka; pain in 
the side, kaka gb4le 

Sierra Leone, pr. »., Salon 

Sift, tr, v., kpekpe = gbe- 
kpe; to sift out, hii- 

Sigh, intr. v., ndevn, ndevn- 
g6to, on(? ndevngoto-gula, 
nieVu-gota. Keindevu- 
gotu gblaa. He heaved a 
heavy sigh. Feveu and 
feuveu, sighing 

Sight, 72., tiiwo, yew§; nn- 
usnal sight, nali*; a* place 
for sight-seeing, kpema ; 
clear sightedness, ngama- 

Sign, n., nSli, pin. nalim, 

t.e, extraordinary 
Signification, n., toma 
Silence, n., nddndd = londo 
Silk-cotton, ' n,,' fiaiide', 

Silly, adj, and n., tetele, 

Silver, w., pata; kanl g5- 

gole. Pieces of money, 

p4tll nav^fsia 
Simile, similitude, n., sale 

= jale 
Simple, See Silly 
Sin, n., hinda nyamu ; v., 

hinda nyamu w$ 

Sinner, n., binda nj&XBU 

Since, adv.^ WQgba, kina-gba 
Sincere, adj\, sege, sewe, 

sewa; to be sincere, s^- 

Sincerity, n., sansange, ndl 

Sing, tr, and tntr. v., ngulf 

= "wulf . I ngul^ gbfa '; 

nga. One that is taught 

to sing, t9mbu 
Singe, tr, v., m&mo 
Singer, «., ngiile-mo = 

Single or singly, yakp§ 
Singular, unusual, (idj,, 

kama; singular dea^, 

Sink, tr, and intr. v., ndo- 

mbu = lombu, wiila, 

Sister, n,, nde-nyaha, 15, 

Sit, tr, V,, he and hei ; verb, 

«., hela : sit on eggs, kp5- 

Six, num, adj„ wQita 
Sixth, the, iwoitage 
Sixty, nu sawa gbgyongo 
Skilful, adj,, bebe bfU; to 

become skilful, mbeU, 

Skill, n., kama-hlnda mbiji 
Skilled person, n., kama- 

mo, beli-mo; to be skilled, 

bellngo, contracted,, bef- 

ngo; skilled in wood- 
work, ngUlu-bfli; skilled 

in stone-work, gQtu-bflf 
Skim, tr, v„ kiindu 
Skin, n., kglo, ndiima = 

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luma; within the skm, 
kahii; skin of living 
beings, leather, paper, 
books; skin disease, po- 
poll, mana-ga; spotted 
skin, siigbu 
Skip, intr. v., kpongbo 
Skirt of palm 'fibres, n., 

Skull, place of a, ngii gok5 

hinda ta 
Sky, n,, ngelf, hii, ngav9lo; 
within the sky = in 
heaven, ngele-gohii; un- 
der the sky, i.e. in the 
world, or the seen world, 
Slacken, tr, v., nJQko, fama 
Slander, tr, v., ngafa, njafia, 

Slanderer, n., ngafa-mo, 
njianduahii - mo, njafiei- 
mo, jiandiiahu-mo 
Slanderous, adj., njafa 
Slap, »., kp9re, kpole 
Slaughter, as in war, njola 
Slaughtering-place, tohani 

Slave, n., ndiiwo and ndiiwa 
= liiwa ndiio, plu. nduo- 
ni ; male slave, hlnd^ 
ndiiwa ; female slave, 
nya-ha-liiwa; slave child, 
Slavery, n., ndiiwoya, ndu- 

wuhii pondoya 
Slay, tr, v.] wa', i nya wani, 
he, she, or it slew me; 
slay in war, ngutoka 
Sleep, intr, v., yl;' to be 
asleep, njlhu 

Sleep, n., njl. Ndambf i a y I 
nil yela gboyongo mahii 
pii, i wa 

Sleeping-time, nji - gbele ; 
sleeping person, njiino- 
mo; sleeping-place, njl- 
ma; all the sleeping-time, 
Dji-pl. To fall asleep^ 

Sleepy, adj., bgngi 

Slender, adj., pangi 

Slice, n., seje 

Slide, intr. v., namu 

Slight, contempt, n., sIq; 
treat slightingly, gbindi 

Slimy, adj,, manamu 

Sling, n., ndaviila, ndavuli 

Slip in walking, namu, 

Slippery, adj., namu 

Slopping, heme 

Slothful, faka dewf , gbende; 
not slothful in business, 
wa gbende wu gb§ gblala 

Slovenly, adv., njola 

Slow, adv,, lele; slow in 
accepting anything or 
unwilling to believe, tara 

Slowly, adv., moje, sgnya, 
molo tiie-tiie, and lele 

Slowness of speech, ndabela 

Small, adj., kiilo = wiilo; 
to be small,* giilofigo, 
mumu, y<?ve b5ndi-bondi 

Small-pox, n., bombo 

Smart, tr, v., as' from pep- 
per applied to the skin, 
siile, mo, jule 

Smear, tr, v., sla = jia, mali, 
gombo, ngi ngiiloi gbo- 

Smell', n., kii = gii, wii; 

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meni, hear; smelliiig, 

Smith, n., ngai-mo 
Stnoke, n., nduli = luli ; to 

be smoked, lulingo; to 

smoke upon, maMu ; 

kpolf , ta t&ve gboU 
Smoothe, tr. v., kp5ngb5 = 

gb5n-gb5, neku, neye, 

bobo, maneo> magb5n- 

Snail, n., k5l6, koli, konde 
= gonde fsii& gonde, ko- 
nde kole 

Snake, n., kali, pin. kalinga; 
keDJi-gSro, i.e., a snake 
resembling kenji; snake 
of a dark colour, ngiivSl?, 
nguru; snake -worship- 
per, njaye ; green snake, 
ndawund'u-gole ; kuku- 
hua, an animal moving 
like a snake 

Snare, n., mb5w6, ndaglll 

Snarl, intr, v.] kpisle 

Snatch, tr. v., gbe, kpe, 

Sneer, intr, v., jonde 

Sneeze, tntr, v., deso, diso, 
jiso, tiso 

Snore, intr. v., kondi 

Snot, w., komi 

SnuflF, n., taVa or tawa-vuka 

Snufif-hom, n., baji 

Snuggly, <zdv., kill 

So, adv., le ; say so, nde le ; 
so that, ko woi ; ni, so it 
is, n!na and nini . 

Soak, tr. v., togbo, pu njei 
hii iyf bobou, wangu 

Soap, w.'mbawa hege, hf wq, 
mb9ya ; soap-stone, mule^ 

mule-gotn; soap-bubble, 

mb&wa vule 
Sob, intr, v.] feyen and 

Social, friendly, mba-hinda; 

also friendship 
Society characterized by 

the worship of a snake, 

Socket for the foot of the 

mast, jiwo-lowa 
Soft, adj., viise, fusele 
Soft mud or mire,'poto-pgto 
Soffeen by squeezing, njom bo 
Softly, adv., bebe, bebengo', 

lele, lehngo, toke, bobou, 

yelen-yelen, njiifǤ = ydfe, 

Soil (earth), n., poro; v., 

nowo, nglo, mano 
Soldier, n., ko-mo 
Sole of the foot, ngaha, 

ngahii :^ yahii; feet 
Solemn, adj., mamanu 
Some, adj., tghga = l§nga ; 

some one, somebody, nii- 

mu Ighga ; sometime = 

often, hii gbotoma; ku 

tghgama; some person, 

niimu gbi, and self or 

niimu t§nga 
Son, n., hindo-lo; son of 

man; nii-hindo 151; son 

or daughter of a aster, 

Song, n., ngiilf = wiile 
Sonorous, wo 
Soon, adv., kak4, k4kak4ka, 

hiimbu, ni, sangi, wufi 
Soot, n., nduli, kpiill 
Sorcerer,n.,totomo, ylbaSmo 
Sore, n., kpama, plu. gba- 

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melsie ; tegbS, debu, sore 

at' the foot; or sore nail ; 

ndalu, sore in the month ; 

sore place, kpalema 
Sorrow, n., mamanla, ndl- 

mini; sorrowful, nneasy, 

nyandengo I If ; vSlingo 
Sorry, arfy., maman'; ti If 

nyani gbon; ngi li gbi 

Sort, kind, n., gege, nyikoi 

had, nygko 
Sonl, w., ngafa = yafa 
Sound, n,, ngo, sole; sweet 

sound, ngdne. Sounding, 

w$ngo ; sounding brass, 

tongo w5ngo. Sound 

clearly, w6 
Sound (well), adj., vungo 
Sour, adj., dabango, togba 
Sour milk, .n., nono; milk 

sour from fermentation, 

tagba, tagbango. Tili, 

insipid or sour, tasteless, 

unripe fruit; tilitllingo, 

intens. v., very unripe and 

sour fruit 
South, w.,mbu,biii, mbiiima, 

gbundo hii; south-west 

wind, mbiii fefp 
Sow, tr, v., hi ; hSni hima, 

hl-w§. To sow and cover 

the seed, pii, fall 
Sower, w., hi-mo, hani-hi- 

mo, tti-hani himo 
Space between, n., ndiiahii 
Space between two hills = 

valley, kpiindo, pf 1§ 
Spaniard, n., panga 
Spare, tr. v., gba 
Spark, n., ngombu-v$ 
Sparkle, v$ 

Sparrow, n., kpandeve, 65- 
kfl§; flock of sparrows, 

Speak, tr. v., nde = le, lele, 
njlale; kola, used* with 
nde, as, i nde golaa. Tia, 
yf , speak fluently ; namu, 
speak or call quickly; 
namata, ndanmta - to 
praise ; speaking inde- 
cently, ndawo ; speak or 
act so as to annoy another, 

Spear, n., kpa, plu. kpalsia, 
jiinga, tsolu 

Speech, to make a long, 

Speechless, titili, I ylani 

Speckle, tr. v., nyegi; to 
be speckled, nyegi, nye- 

Spend, tr. v., ngufa = lUfa 
and 111 va, as the day ; spend 
money, navo mSjia, ma- 
lama; spend all for one 
object, mbona ; spend 
prodigally, hii jiikiilu ; 
spend, as time, i.e. kill 
time, pa = wa, mu ngalu 
felfa wani na 

Spendthrift, n., f5l5lamo 

Species, n., kijesia, hfwea, 
hewelsia, gunengolsia 

Spider, n., kasll?, silo, plu. 
sil5isia ; njajlly, water- 
spider; t§entsil$, a poi- 
sonous kind, or jenjllp, 
black long-armed spider 

Spider's nest, n., sil5 tai; 
spider^s net, silQ-boma; 
a garment said to be of 
spider's web, kesi loma 

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Spider's web, sil6 lands aiwl 

Spike, n., Igndfma 

Spill, tr. v., p% faya 

Spin, tr. v., nd^ba=limba, 
llmbango, kpell 

Spinning-top, n., likpo 

Spindle, n., yfnda-yala. 
Balance wheel of stone 
used in spinning, yenda 

Spirit, ngafa = ya£ft;* also 
soul and idol. A stone 
representing a spirit, 
n^a-gQtu ; a kind of 
fabulous spirit residing 
in the forest, kalikonjo, 
nojso; malignant spirit, 
h&niwa; a fabulous water- 
spirit with a body like a 
serpent, and a head like 
shining silver, njalo ; 
shadow, shade, spirit, 
ghost, nene ; a spirit in 
the form of a woman with 
long hair, dwelling in the 
water, tingo ; spirits sup- 
posed to appear as boys 
or men, majanga 

Spirit = temper, w., so 

Spiritual, adj., ngafage 

Spiritual person, n., ngafa- 

Spirt, v., pill kole 

Spit, tr. v., pii = wiindaya. 
Ti ndaya wli ngi ma, and 
vali, ti ndagei "?alini 

Spittle, n., ndaya 

Spleen, n., gbagbanyene. 
Hona, the spleen of one 
supposed to have slain 
others by witchcraft, 

, hence witchcraft 

Split, tr, V,, b^la, mbdle or 

mbgla; ngale = yalf : n., 

mbela, gbenge 
Spoil, Vr. and intr, v., nyani ; 

it is spoiled, nyaningo 
Spoiler, n., nyani-mo 
Sponge, n., nja-vei wiiiDbft 
Spoon, n., mita, plo. mf tan- 

Sport, n., sail 
Spot, n., t9mbo 
Spotted, adj., pftpiija 
Sprain, tr, v,, mbdnga, mb&- 

Spread, tr, v., f9mb9 = vo- 

mbo; spreskd out, hiivd- 

Spring up as seeds, vale, 

pota; spring as a trap, nga- 

kpe, ng9W$ ; spring back 

as a bent stick, fall 
Sprout, intr, v., kpoku, fale 
Spun cotton, n., fEnde limba 
Spy, n., nemo, nenemo, plu. 

neb31& ; v., yane, ne, and 

Squander, tr, v,, siikulu, me 
Squeeze, tr. v., kpSnda, 

poto; squeeze out by 

pressure, mftv9nya, kpe- 

wo, fjnya 
Squirrel, n., ng61anda, b^vi, 

Stab, tr, v., mb$, b9 
Staff, n., kpona, plu. kpona- 

ni ; tikpo, plu. tikpoa 

and tikponi, t.e. staff of 

Stagger, intr. v., jijia, ba; as, 

i bani, he sta^ered not 
Staggeringly, adv„ tika- 


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Stairs, n,, kpakpao-wum 
Stalk of rice, n./ mbaga ; 
stalk of corn, nygnga and 
I ngogo ; stalk of plamtain, 

mana dagbei 
Stallion, n., sd-hina 
Stammerer, n., ndakporo- 
mo Djiei ngi la-gborongo 
Stammering, n., dagbolo, 

Stand, tr. and tntr, v., to = 
do ; make a stand ; stand 
in a line, yombo; stand 
aside, ndekpe : intr,, kpe- 
Standard measure, n., ba 
Standing-place, n., hfma 
Star, n., dumbelf ka, dnmbe- 
ka, dnmbei'ka, plu. du- 
mbelekesia; also firefly 
Start (from), tr, and intr. v., 
hijf ; start from conceal- 
ment, kinda 
State (condition), n., ya 
State of being alone, ng&- 

leya ; v., pa 
State of maturity, n., nda- 

Stationary wooden seat, ba- 
Stature, very short, n., nj&- 

Steadily, ctdv,, gaon, pi- 

nd9n, tin 
Steal, tr, v., htoia w§, ya- 

huma, ngahuma 
Steam, n. and v,, nduli, 

Steamship, n., nduli-lenda 
Steer, tr, v., gbi hou 
Step, intr. v., nylmi 
Steps, n., kpakpao-wum 

Stem, n., tQkpiila 
Sternum, lower part of, 

Stew, to 'make, v., pati 
Stewardship, n., mbdya, 

Stick, intr. v., fefe; stick 

to, no : tr. v., pf la 
Stick, n., Tengel|, kakila, 

kobo; small stick, nyS- 

nya» pe-a-li 
Stiffened,as acorpse^ndogba 
Still, adv., kpe ; stand still, 

do kpe ; sit still, hei kpe ; 

geli, le, yayema 
Stilts, n., mamakpa, kpa- 

la; to play upon stilts, 

Sting, tr.'v., yaU, mb5; n., 

Stingy, adj., ngfya gondo; 

i.e. close handed, koli 
Stink, intr. v., giima 
Stir up, v., jgjia, wii, huti 
Stock, n.y kp^wo 
Stomach, n., soma 
Stone, n., kgtu = ggtu; 

stone of fruit, kale; stone 

house, kQlu wele; stone 

for sharpening, ngakpa 

gotu ; stones used in 

divination, bele gotu ; 

stone representing a 

spirit, ngafa gotu : tr. v., 

bo, kQlu h9U, and kglu 

Stoop, intr. v., mawf, ma- 

wela, pele, maye;* stoop 

over, mawele, wele 
Stooping, bent, kgma gbia 
Stop! exclam., indau! tr, v., 

kele = cease, kpf 

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Stopper, n., ndagbolu 
Store-house, n., kpuwa 
Straight, adj,, pgna = bona 
= wona ; to be straight, 

Straighten, tr, v., pona, 

Straightway, adv., ke- 

yakpe, kaka, gbengos 

Strain, tr. v., hon, fonya; 

strain out, majendej ma- 

houla, hola 
Strainer, n., hola-hani 
Strait (strict), to be, yawoyo 
Strange (curious), kande 
Stranger, n,, hota or hoda 
Strangle, tr, v.,*hele 
Stream, n., kpetu; small 

stream, njagb6ll 
Street, n., ngitiya, pele ; 

winding street, pelei j'o- 

Strength, n., kpaya 
Stretch, tr, v., malala, ta- 

mbo, tambu, fombo, hu- 

vSnibo, madombo 
Strife, n,, magdo, magawo 
Strike, tr. v., bo, hija, hijaja ; 

n,, kpore, nwgna, ndewe; 

strike* against, tiigba, 

String, 71., ngeya = yeya ; 

ne yeyei, string of the 

tongue; string of beads, 

minijangba ; short string, 

ngea-gutu; long string, 

ngia-guhS ; rotten string, 

ngia liia 
StripJ tr, v., magbia, gambl, 

Stripe, tr, v., nyegi 

Striped, adj., nyegi 

Strive, tr, v., ndapi = lapi, 
magao, i.e. endeavour to 

Strong, adj., and strongly, 
adv., den, f51a = viila, jiiju ; 
to be strong, vakango, or 
strengthened ; vulengo, 
kpakpao, magba. The 
comparative is expressed 
by ma after the positive ; 
as,Ndamba ngi gbayango 
huanga gboto ma. The 
crocodile is stronger than 
all (other) animals 

Struggle. See Strive 

Stub, tr, V,, tiigba 

Stubborn, adj,y mamn, ka- 

Stuff, n., hani, haka, plu. 
hakeisia ; v., sojo 

Stumble, intr. v,, tiigba 

Stumbling-block, tiigba wii- 

Stump, n., hape, ngukpe, 
ngoko, ngulu giitu 

Stun,' V.*, diitu 

Stunned, ngoli hii gbonda 

Stunt, kponde 

Stunted, adj., bende 

Stupid, adj,, mamu 

Stuttering, ndagbolo, nda- 

Subject, n., gowg ; v., ma we 

Submerge, tr. v., magbole 

Submit, tr. v., goto, goro 

Substance, »., jo-hani* 

Substantial, adj,, haniini, 

Success, n,, kohune, ma- 

Succeed, tr. v., gbekpf. In 

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succession, ndekpe-nde- 

kpe = lekpe-lekpe 
Succulent, adj,, kipo 
Such, of the like kind, 

nyoko or nyiko, bondei 
Suck^ tr. v., nyeni ve', vofoi ; 

intr. v., pono, foe-toe, nyi- 

Sucklings, pin., ndolanga 
Sudden, adj.^ ja, senge, pe 
Suddenly, adv., pii ; to cry 

suddenly, pule, pe, i gbia 

Sue, tr. v., mayiage (?) 
SuflFer, intr, v., mone, gbalo, 

to = do. Mone i nya 

doa; ngi monedoa. He has 

seen or suffered trouble 
Sufficient, adj., kpoto 
Sugar, n., pii-gbolo 
Sugar-cane, w., nyoyo 
Sugar plum tree, n., kondi 
Suit the object for which 

it is made, mbe 
Suitable, to be, bo, kpekpe 
Summer, w., ngevo hti 
Summit, n., hgiimba; sum* 

mit of anything, felame 
Sun, w., folo = volo. Foloi 

bu, under the sun, i.e. 

this world : v,, to sun or 

air, hube 
Sun-bird, w., jele 
Sunrise, w., fofof i hije 
Sunset, n., foioi i yana 
Sunshine n., fSloi gbIa 
Sunday, Sunde,'tene v6l6i 
Sunken, past part., vengolo 
Supplicate, tr. v., feli 
Supply, large, n., yogba; 

tr. v., go a, give = 

furnish with, supply 

with. I ti go a kpaya 

hinda. He gave them 

Support, tr. v., topo 
Suppose, tr. v', kili, to, 

Sure, adj., kpau, kpa, sahai; 

I ye sahai, it is sure 
Surely, adv., sele, nwe, wen 
Surface, n., nda' = ya, the 

opposite to hu 
Surpass, tr. v., kii, towe = 

dewe = de; fisa, tewema 
Surprise, ri., klani* and 

ekiani, an exclamation of 

surprise, v., kolama = 

Surprising event, kabande 
Surround, tr, v., kakpa and 

kakpama, mbf mbe, k9me 
Suspend, tr. v., hele* 
Suspense, n., ndi hele 
Swallow, tr. v., kpole, hu- 

Swallow, n., kpandeve 
Swamp, n., kpete 
Swear, tr. v., soiidu or jondu 

gbia, gboro; swear upon 

a fetish, sonduwua; swear 

falsely, nde jondu wua 
Swearer, »., sondu-mo 
Sweat, n. and v., fondo = 

Sweep, tr. v., ngela ; swept, 

Sweet, adj., ne, nei, nelngo, 

Sweeten, tr, v., neni, mane, 

Swell, intr. v., fe, kpundo = 

Swelling, ndewe gbiindo. 

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swelling caused by beat- 
ing, fehani 
Swelled*, fe = ve, kpote 
Swift, adj.lkiki; to be swift, 


Swiftness, n., kakagi 
Swim, intr, v., ndapi = lap! 
Swing round to the wind, 

inb|mbe ; swing from 

side to side, fembe 
Switch, w.,foma, ngola voma 
Sword = war-knife, n,, ko 

bowa, plu. kobSwani ; 

kpato, ganga gbali ; short 

sword, dasaro 
Synagogue (school), ka-we- 


Tabernacle, «., baba, kpii- 

Table, n., mese or mesa 

Tadpole, n., kpHtu 

Tail, n., ngoli = W9li or 
Willi, fill 

Tailor, «., ho-mo ; kiilu ho- 

Take, fr. v., mbUmbu = bii- 
mbu=wimibu; take for, 
hou ; take from, gbia ; take 
down, nje = nge = ye = 
ge; take off, undress, 
magbia; take an oath, 
ngiia ; take notice, an ex- 
clam., mema! take away 
forcibly, kpenda ; take 
heed, kpele 

Tale, n., njia, dome 

Tale-bearer, n., jianduahu- 

Talk, intr, v., nje, pe = yepe; 
talk loudly, tumbe = di- 

Talkative person, n., bokf , 
bi la a boke 

Talker, n., *nj|pe-nio 

Tall, adj., pepele, gbia hu ; 
kene na ngi gbia himgo 

Tallon, n., ngengalu 

Tame, tr. v., hua demango 

Tamping, w., wonaii 

Tapered, adj., fkkl 

Taperingly, adv., peni-peni 

Tapeworm, kpoli 

Tar, n., sole, i.€. the odour 
of a fish or some other 

Tarantula, »., jokondi 

Tardy, kpende 

Tare, tr. v., mbela 

Tares, w., taya, plu. tayeisia 

Tarry, intr. v., gbande or 
gbende; kpende, causa- 
tive, to detain = make to 
tarry ; tarry a long time, 
tiiva, ndembi = lembi ; 
place of tarrying, i.e. grave, 

Tarrying (longevity), n., 

Tartar incrustation upon 
the teeth, n., ngaku; 

Tassel (arm ornament), n., 
kpakima venje, venja 

Taste, tr. v., ko = go = gu, 
toma ; n., taste not agree- 
able, tao, neni 

Tattooing* the skin, tevija 

Taxgatherer, n., maha xia- 
V9i yando-mo 

Tea, n., ate 

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Teach, tr, v,, ka = gft, kara 

= gSra, w§ or w§la, ke 
Teacher, n., kara-mo, ke 
Teaching-place, n., kama, 
karama,kaw$,«.;. school- 
Tear, tr, v., mb$la = hela, 
L Tear, n., ng&ya. NgSya 
t ngi yama, lit water of 

his eye. Ti ngayama 
Tease, tr, v., fawgli = vS- 
f wgli 

Teat, n., nika nylni 
Tell, tr, v., htig§, t.c. to 
show, nde = le, pa; to 
tell a^grieyanco, nde gola 
hlnda; kpale-ghia, to 
tell a falsehood 
Temper (disposition), w., 
sq; good temper, so 
yakpe ; had temper, 
SQ nyamu and ndhna 
nyamu ; quick temper, 
Tempest, n., f^f| wa; a 
tempest arose (in Mende, 
fell), gula 
Temple, »., h§-wf-bu 
Tempt, tr, v., hUgg-kode, 

kolf = gole 
Temptation, n., htlgQ-htoda 
Tempter, n., nii-gQl§-mo 
Ten, num, adj., pii, plu. piia, 
pulsia. The tenth, puge, 
ipugf ; kolengo piipii; owi 
Tender, adj,, lele; to be 
tender, lelmgo, tarango, 
jahfl; tender from boiling, 
ndiiwa, tangf nduwango 

Tendon (vein), n., ndata 

Tent,n.,baba, kpuwa, kpu- 

Termination, n., kelema 

Terrify, tr, v., ngande 

Terror, n., hiiyande-hinda, 
miiamiia, malua, ndiiwa- 
ma hani; the person 
causing terror, malua- 

Test, tr, v., w5gbe, t.e. with 
a decoction of Sassa wood 
bark for witchcraft;, theft, 
etc. ; n., W9gba 

Testicle, n,, nJQVo-gale = 
yovo-gale; testiclegreatly 
enlarged by elephant- 
iasis, sikpf ; wasting 
disease of testicle, t51e- 
higbe. A h§i nii yoVoi 

Testimony (witness), n., sfli 

Thank, tr, v., se-gbia. I se- 
gblaa ngi ma mehei va, 
He thanked him on the 
king's behalf. Ngise-gbia 
hi ma ka. Thanks, n., se 

That, conj, and pron,, ke; in 
order that, kq, na,'plu. 
nasia; we say that — 
saying, mc^ and mee; that 
is it, ta-mla 

Thee, pron,, hi, hie, a-bie, 

Theft, n., hCbna-htoda; to 
commit theft, hiima wf , 
plu. huma wf laa-wela 

Their and them, ^on., ti, 
a-tie ; their own, tinda. I 
tatp'a kelaa-ti§, He begun 
to show them 

Theirs, them, pron,, ti 


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Them, pron., tif, third 

per. plu., tied with "a/* 

as a-tie, them 
Themselves, pron,, ti Yului 

or vuli, plu. Tiilulsia 
Then, adv., hq, kf . I kp§i na 

ma, then, at that time 
Thence, adv,, jia, miando, 

There, adv., na,miando, mla 

lo; there also, mla be; 

there it is, there it was ; 

there . . . then, na lo ' 
Therefore, conj., falf,fa-mia, 

ta-mla, miava 
They, pron., te, ti, tia, neg. 

te, ti; they not, i.e. can or 

will not 
Thick, adj., g}:)6ta = kp^tn, 

Thicken, v., kpQtu. A ngi 

la gbgtu. With his thick 

bill or mouth 
Thickest, n., kpikpilima 
Thicket, n., ndogbo; thicket 

of bushes and grass, bo- 

mbo-lggbo, ndiivu-gba 

Thickly, adv., siklll 
Thief, n., hiima-mo, or hu- 

Thigh, n., kpala 
Thin, adj., teve or teve; 

very thin, teve-teve ; thin 

and shorty magonye 
Thing, n., hani, plu. hania, 

hanisia. Bg nya go a bo 

ji; yl, gbo a yl ji(?), I 

make thee a present of 

this thing 
Think, tr. v., kill, tonge, tg- 

ye, ngato = bato* 

Third, n. and adj., sawagf If, 

isawagelf , def. st. isawa- 

gei, plu. isawagflsia 
Thirst, n. and v., mbolobe, 

lit dry throat; as, Nya 

bolo hiii bengo wq = I 

was thirsty 
Thirteen, num. adj., pu- 

mahii sawa 
Thirty, num. adj., nu gbo- 

yongo mahii pii 
This, demon, pron., ji, plu. 

jia, def. st. jlsia ; na, plu. 

naa = na, nasia = the one 

who, and the same 
Thistle, n., ngfyako = 

Thither, adv., na ; and there 
Thorn, n., ngall, ngall wiim 
Thorny ratten, a species of 

palm, tambe 
Those, ^on., na, nasia 
Thou, pron., bi, neg. H 

emph. bia b§, bie = 

biye = biw(|, thou thyself 
Though, conj., gbama lo be, 

aspengo be 
Thought, n., nemahCl, plu. 

nem&huisia; kill. Eiliji 

i waa nya nemahu. Evil 

thought, kill nyamu 
Thoughtless, adj., mamn 
Thousand, n., hondo nil 

lolu gboyongo, kerne 
Threaten an injury, <r. v., 

mawokg, kokowg ; n., 

threat, kokow5 
Three, num. adj., sawa; 

three together, meti. A 

mu te go a meti. He made 

US a present of three fowls 


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'^hresh, tr, v,, nganga, 

Throat, ri.,mbglo=bolo; in 
the throat, mbglohii 

Throne, n., maha heima 

Throng, tr, v., kponda; n., 
fa ha and fana 

Throughout, adv,, vofo 

Throw, tr. v., pih' = tiili = 
will, pela; throw as a 
spear, vali ; throw upon, 
maho, kigi. The person 
who throws, pill-mo 

Thrust out, tr, v., lukpe; 
thrust in, ngua, sondii ; 
thrust down, ye. Ta bi 
ye lo heli hu, They shall 
be cast into hell 

Thumb, w., ko, toko-yio, 

Thunder, n., kpande, nge- 

Thus, adv., ni 

Thyself, pron,, bi villi, bi 

Tick, n., nyala 

Tickle, tr. v., tone 

Tide, i.e. the pltice where op- 
posing tides meet, bolila 

Tie, tr. v., ngili = yili ; tie a 
faiot, kpiilo 

Tiger, w., siibu ; fem. siigbu- 
ha ; masc. sugbu-hina 

Tightly, adv. , getete, manda, 
fohe, fuhe ngili manda 

Time, n., kpe and kpele ; at 
that time, kpema,ikp|mei 
na ma; seven times* hii 
wofela; all past time, 
wQgba; time long since 
past, wo ; space of time, 
day or a week, lo 

Tinkling sound, wonjen 
Tired, to be, gahu hango. 

Ngi gahu hango yele, lit. 

His inside was dead, i.e. 

he was tired 
Tittle, n., ngengau 
To, prep., ma, we, ye, a 
Toad, n., ndovo = lovo; 

very large kind of toad, 

Tobacco, n., tawa ; a plant 

used as tobacco, tongoni 

and vonde 
Toe, large, n., ko-hina, 

koyio and kowo-yi6, njio ; 

soko* yio, njiio, toko- 

Toe-nail, »., ng§ngalu 
Together, adv., tenga = 

lenga with a denge, keke 
Tomb, n,, kamba 
To-morrow, n., sina; but 

also used for an indefinite 

future time 
Tong, n., gbanya 
Tongue, n., ne, def. st. nei 
Too, adv., tiinu; and too 

much, too heavy, mi- 

nlngo tunu 
Tooth, n., ngongolu = yo- 

Toothless gum, n., nendi 
Top, the imahui, ngumba ; 

top of a tree^ ngandange 
Torch, n., hemu 
Torment, n., yamone, mone, 

nemisa. I am tormented, 

Nya namisango le 
Tormentor, n., yamone-mo 
Tornado, n., very severe 

one, koyambu 
Torpid, adj., timi-timi 

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Tortoise, n., poya, det st 

Torture, tr, v. and n., hakn 
Toss, tr. v., gbayo. A gbavo 

Touch, tr, v., ja, nda = la 
Tough, adj., pQJu, tava, tilill 
Toward, prep., tenga = 

Tower, n., kuta = guta, 

Towii,n.,ta,; and 

da, def. st. del 
Town desolated, tag9k$ 
Town-hall, w., seme 
Town not barricaded, ta- 

Town's broom (busy body), 

Trachea (windpipe), n^ 

Track, n., kowo 

Trade, tr. v., f|le, felego 

Trader, n., felego-mo* 

Tradition, n.,*la-yla, jawa. 
Ti niinga jawelsia ti ja- 
wei hou. They hold tiie 
sayings or command- 
ments of the people of old. 
Poyia, a word which the 
people of old left us 

Trail, n. and v., kiikii 

Traitor, n., baya-mo 

Transform, as insects, m&- 

Transgress, tr. v., tehii 
gbia, or we 

Translate, tr. v., pot§ = 

Trap, n., mani, wonjo, ta, 

Trap-door, n., kuli, ndagili 

Travel, intr. v., jto, jijMfc ; 
travelling companioxx, 
Traveller, n., ndimo, jiamo 
Treacherous, <idj\, solo nya^ 

Treacherous person, »., ka— 

so, kpeni 
Treachery, n., baya-hinda 
Tread, tr. v., nylniL Vi 
nylmi ma a gowo. Tread 
upon, ja ; the place wheia 
something is trodden 
upon, nylmima 
Treasure, n., kpate 
Treasury, n., hinda navoi, 

navoi wiimei 
Treat "with contempt, tr. v., 

jasi, sasi 
Tree, n., ngiilu or ngfira = 
wiilu = wiiru; toree cut 
down, po-ngiiru ; time 
for cuttmg trees, jk) kpe- 
ll; tree felled, po-kp&,' 
tree of very hard wood, 
tijo; tree with many 
branches, towa-towa wulu 
Tremble, intr. v., magbeli, 
kpell ; tremble convul- 
sively, kpekpe 
Trembling, nyiike, kpakpa 
Trespass, tr. v., kplla 
Trial, n., mona; to make 

trial, nemakQle 
Tribulation, w., rngne ; tri- 
bulation rise, hlje 
Tribute, ndglo nav5, ndo- 
navo, njala nav9, gbogbo 
Trick,*ndQli. IndQlijikani 
amii§. He has played us 
this trick 
Tripod, n., sangama^ used 

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in supporting a weaver's 
Triumph, r?., kp90, t§we 
Troops, w., lai 
Trouble, n, and v,, mone, 
vaw5li and Towoli, lihe, 
yamQne, mgnengo. Ngi 
li i helea. Ba nya ll he 
Trousers, n., kofe, here; 
trousers reaching to the 
knee, mabota, kingua, 

Truly, without foil, adv,, 

Trumpet, n., biilu; war- 
trumpet made of wood, 

Trumpeter, n., bulu-ve-mo 

Trunk (box), n., kSna 

Trunk of the elephant, ni- 
mo. Nimo lo kili-klli 

Trust, tr. v., la, lala, vala, 
wele = pele. Ngi li i y6 
ti ma, lit. His heart is in 
them. To trust in, sell 
on trust, ndQndo. Ko 
mu vala ngi ma 

Trustworthy, so y§kp§ 

Truth, n., tonya = lonya, 
and tgnya-hinda 

Try by tasting, kg 

Tub, w., bogoti 

Tufted, binjando 

Tumour, n., mo, fehani; 
tumour on the heaS, mo- 

Tumult, n., biyo-hinda, y§- 

Tunnel, n,, tola 

Turn, tr, and intr, v., p6t§ 
= w5te, w5ve; to be 
turned into a monkey, i 

w5t§ a kua; turn from 
side' to side, mbembe; 
turn from the way,'kaka; 
turn upside down, wu- 
hitf ; turn on the back, 
ngata ; turn the head 
downwards (to slay),ngu- 
t9ka; turn aside for 
another, magbukpu, ge- 
ndebele pove, tivo, wete 
ngawote. By turns, adv., 
ndekpe^ndekpe = lekpe- 

Turtle, n., njavele, a large 
one; also njagere, pQya: 
poya-bolo, the shell of the 
poya, used in the Pgro. 
A turtle-shell beat in the 
Poro to call attention, 

Twain, li venya 

Twelve, num, adj., pu mahti 
fel$; the twelve, ipii mahu 

Twenty, num, adj., niimu- 

Twilight, in the morning, 
ngewShii and ngelewohu- 
gbendi; in the evening, 
kpokponye, fitlli 

Twin, n., fela, plu. felanga. 
The name of the first- 
born is salo; of the last, 
j§na. When three are 
born at the same time, 
the third is called gbeye 
(Has it any connection 
with kpeya, to stand aside, 
make way for another ?) 

Twinkling of the eye, yali- 
ngohH, nyama y&lingo hu 

Twist, tr, v., ndimba = li- 

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mba, ta fi&nde Umba ; to 
twist, Umbango ; twist 
slightly, p6to; twist hard, 
Two, num, adj., fel§, plu. 
felfa, def. st feleteia 


Udder, w., nylni 

Ugly, orfv., nyamu, so nya- 

mu kpongba 
Ulcer, w.," upon the cheek, 
arising from a bad tooth, 
gawiile - higbe ; chronic 
ulcer, * ndegele, ngf le ; 
large ulcer,* sfgeli 
Umbilical cord, w., ngonyeya 
Umbrella, n., nja-gbuwa' 
Unable, to be, kpahS = 

Unawares, eu^'., a kora ma 
Unbarricaded town, ta 

Unbelief, n., ti hou a tonya. 

Numui na f hou a 

tQuya, That man does not 

stick to the truth 
Unbind, tr, v., ful$ 
Unbolt, tr, v., 
Unbraided, ngiifulo 
Unbroken, adj,, bitill 
Unchain, tr. v., fiilo 
Uncircumcised person, so- 

Uncle, mother's brother, w., 

kenya, plu. kenya nga 
Unclean (ceremonially), 

oeZy., ylva 
Uncleanness, w., manyimi, 

P9w$-hlnda hii 

Uncombed, adj., ngiifiil5 
Uncomely, ac?v., batoke * 
Uncommon, adj., batoke 
Unconcealed, weje 
Uncooked, a<?y., ngundn 
Uncorruptible, adj.^ Dyani- 

ngo 1 le 
Uncovered, adj., wf je 
Under, fn^. and cudv,, mbu, 
bu ; under the sky, ogele 
bu, i,e, this world ; xnidTer 
the sun, folol bu, this 
Underneath, adv,^ mbn, bu 
Understand, tr. v., beli, huge; 

wubelfngo vela 
Understanding, n., nemahu 

lewf , htigSla 
Undertaking, n., hlnda lea- 

barlsia = wawalsia 
Underwood, the place 

cleared of, ndoka 
Undesirable, adj., maha 
Undeveloped palm nuts, 

tewu yombe 
Undress, tr. v., mSgbIa 
Uneasy, to be, li hele, t>. 

the heart is suspended 
Unenergetically, adv., moje 
Unentangle, kpembO 
Unexpected, adj,, kama 
Unexpectedly, to meet, kg- 
lema; to appear un- 
expectedly, gola 
Unfit, adj., ma-I-hooni 
Unflinching, adj., novi 
Unfold, <r. v., fombS = v6- 

mb6, hiige, hiivombo 
Unfortified, kpasa 
Unfruitful, to be, f la wua 
Ungodliness, n., hinda nya- 

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Unhesitatingly, adv,, fta 
UninterestecUy, adv., konye 
Unite, tr, v., hiila, ndal5 
Unitedly, adv., a lenga 
Unjust, to be, kafango; hl- 

nda nyamimgo 
Unjust person, n., kafa-mo, 

plu. kafa-b61a 
Unkind, adj., ndlma be 
Unlawful lover, n., kamo 
Unleavened, k5me-gbobu 
Unless, conj,, way§, ngeye 
Unlike, adj., gba 
Unlucky, adv,, ndgvo 
Unmarried, ti so-hu 
Unmellow, adj., talo 
Unmerciful, adj., manuma 

bela ya-a-tie, manylmi 
Unpleasant, aa[;'., sound, ngo 

Unproductive, adj., kpOma ; 

to be unproductive, kpo- 

Unprofitable, adj., to be, 

Unprotected, kpasa 
Unrighteousness, n., kafa 

Unripe, adj., tftla, kp5le. 

The taste of unripe fruit, 

t!li, seli ke tili, mamaya 
Unseemly, adv., mahoungo 

Unspun cotton, fande yiiff, 

Unstring, tr. v., ndgle 
Unsubstantial, p$w$ 
Unsuccessful, ndgvo 
Unsympathizing, ndlma bf 
Untamed, adj., mb^le 
Unthankful, adj., tl sabu 

Untidy in habits, nj5la 

Untie, tr. v., fulo 

Until, adv., ke, ngiye 

Unto, prep., a, gama 

Unusual, kama 

Unwashed, to be, ngl or 
a-nguango = wiiango 

Unwilling to go, a diima la 
llla ; unwilling to believe, 

Unwise, nemahu ba 

Unworthy, adj., ma I hSuni 

Unyielding, lilill ; unyield- 
ing in diJBpute, la-gbango 

Up, adv., ma, ya, mahU, 
ngeya, ngfleya 

Upbraid, tr. v., yla 

Upon, prep., ma mahii 

Upper arm, n., kpaki 

Upper garment, n., nd^ma 
= loma 

Uppermost (room), adj., 
wiimba, .ng§leya, gundS- 

Upright, je, i hf i je, sege, 
sewe; to be upright, se 
singo, sglo wanda, siie-sue 

Urinam reddere, wow5 

Urine, n., ng5li ; urine-blad- 
der, ngoli ta 

Uproar, n., mavale, sglf, 

Uproot, tr, v., pugbia 

Us, pron., mu, mua, a-muf 

Useless, adv., gbamah&ni, 

Usury, n., t5ngo 

Utensil, haka; utensil of 
basket-work, h&mb$ 

Utmost, ngabengo; to the 

Utter, speak, kgla, nde 

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golaa, nde mlft iye, ku- 

Vain, o(^y., mata b6ve, ta- 
ma ; and vanity. In vain, 
gbama ; in vain imagina- 
tion, powo hinda; vain 
deceit, yara-gbama 

Valley, n,, hindei nglyf fele 
liia-hii, ndembu-ndemba 

Valuable, adj., ba-gbango 

Value, songo, prep,, instead 
of, i.e, thing of equal 
value; of little value, 
wekende or wegende. 
Ndop9i ji nge wegende- 
ngo, This boy is not of 
much value 

Vanish, intr, v., longo hfi ti 

Variance, n,, ndiia-hi! nya- 
ni, tolo-hinda 

Various,*ady., gege, plu. ge- 
gea ; various things, kinds, 
hInda gegea 

Vegetable, some kind of, 

Vein, n,j ndata 

Vengeance, n,, li lewe, kot5 

Verily, adv., a tQnya,*tonya 

Very, adj,, fo, ka, pi, jon, 
se, pepeje, diso, ngue, 
nyolon, pelu-pelu-pelu, 
pgte-pote, tgve ; very 
great, ngongowa ; very 
Ijttle, kiilongo pgte. 
Nas6,yegele, pii. Kolf ngo 
pupu, very white 

Vessel, n., haka 

Vex, tr, v., vowQli; to be 

vexed, monea^o gbon, ll- 

heni.lumbe! liidewfjlit 

His heart is cut 
Vexation, w.,ndi-de we-hinda 
Vexatious person, vowoli-mo 
Vial, n., sani 
Vicious, adj\, so-nyamti 
Victuals, n., me-hani, mebe, 

Vile affections^ mani nya- 

Village, w., fala cmd fule 
Vine (creeper), w., nyeyako; 

india-rubber vine, jesye 
Vinegar, n., ndodagl» 
Vineyard, n.,ngfyako, yeya- 

Violence, n., fula = vula, 

nasia woya; to be 

violent, viiiango ; violent 

person, woya-mo, yeye 
Viper, n., tiipu. The name 

of a fish resembling the 

Virgin, maiden, n., teinS/ 

Virgiaity, n„ teinaya 
Virtuous, adf,, siiesiio 
Visibly, adv,, wej§ 
Visit, tr, V,, va 
Visitation, time of, vama 

gbelfi, nene 
Voice,w.,ngo=wo; pleasant 

voice, ngo leli. Voni 

(foni), pi?iched; ti lima 

voningo, they were 

grieved, in a state of 

Void, to be, haka 
I Vomit, tr, v., ball 

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Yoracions manner, fafalage 
Vow, w., gboro 
Vulva, n., tete 


Wadding, w., womu, a soft 
material used in calking 

Wager, to lay a, tr, v., 
ngua; also to take an oath 

Wages, n,, pSga ; v., to pay 
wages, pawo, piiga 

Wagging, adj,, fenge, ngile, 
ngi w$li i ye fenge-fenge 

Waggon, n,, kongSlo-gana 

Waist, n., hama;' and the 
rainy season from May 
to October, ngow6 

Wait! exclam.,indeu! tw*r. 
V,, maviilo ; gbendoiile ! 

Wake, intr. v., ngu wu (to 
melt); tr, v., sg. Ke 
Josim i wunga nj! hH, 
Joseph awoke from his 

Wale (swelling), n., ndf we 
gbiindo, caused by beat^ 

Walk, intr. v.. jlft, jijia, 
jlajla; to walk about or 
sail about for pleasure, 
dftewf; walk tiptoe, 
If n^e : n., wagi, Iftf w§ 

Walker, n., jia-mo 

Wall, n., golo and goro ; a 
general name for defen- 
sive walls and fences. 
Wall of mud or sun-dried 
bricks around a town, 
d&da ; to build a wall, t5 
= d6 

Wallow, intr. v., nikpa, 

Wander, intr. v., kaka 

Want, tr. v., to wish, like, 15 
= need ; v. and n., mani, 
feli. Gbowuloingipf wu 
ma ? What do you want 
this boy to do for you ? 
Mani i ngi houa. Want 
seized him = he was in 
want. Wanting = about 
to, ngeke = yfkf = yei. 
Yfke i ha. He was want- 
ing to ( = about to) die 

War, n., ko ; war materials, 
ko-hlnda or haka or h&ni : 
tr. v., ko; to war, ta koi 
go a helf. The place 
cleared for discussing a 
war, kolanga. Ko-blje, 
n., the bravery of a 
warrior; the name given 
to an attacking army. 
Komaha, war-chief, and 
ko-mo; captive in war, 
kohou; leading warrior, 
officer, disguised by dress, 
bolohti gugba, kligba. 
War-dance, kot^-gbolf; 
war-trumpet of wood, n., 

Warm, tr. v., kpindi, kew?. 
A gewo a ngombu, kQw5 
and kQO, fula 

Warn, tr! v., ndahi = IShi, 
lahila,lahIiigo; warning, 
ndahela ngo 

Wash, tr. v., ngua; to be 
washed, nguango = wu- 
ango, nJQWf le 

Washing, nguango = wua- 

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ngo, wala, ngua; m&d&- 
ma • 

Wasp, n., jimo hlgbo, beme^ 
pewe, l3^gb$l§ 

"Waste foolishly, htijnkulu, 
snkula; wasting disease 
of the testis, t5lf-hlgbe ; 
waste-matter, ka; lay 
waste, gb6v6, fffjla ; hii- 

Waster, spendthrift, f5f5la- 

Watch, tr, v., mahtl-gbe, 
mane, yane we,ngllew6hd, 
manf-gbf , mabele ; watch 
closely, maJQgbe bele, 
yane; watch-house, ba- 
kull. Mbete-jonga, k61o, 

Watchman, n., mane-m6, 
ne-mo and nene-mo' 

Wat^r, n., nja = ya ; water- 
lily, pupende; waterfall, 
siile; water- wagtail, tol6 
genpe ; watering-place", 
iijCLgbglf ma, nja-gata ; 
water insect like a cock- 
roach, n., nja-gbekpe ; 
water-fanner, i.e. a large 
water-turtle, nja-vele ; 
water-hole, i.e. well, nja- 

Wattle, n. and ir. v., jSya 

Wave, n., kata = gata, plu. 

Wax, Vi., k^nde 

Way, n., p§l§; to take a 
way, pele h5u; way of 
doing, pflf h'lnda, or pf- 
hinda ; way to the north 
or to the south, jengbe 
hH wfle 

Way = manner, syoko 

Way-side, n., pelei yaka 

We, pron., ma, mu, Tvna; 
neg. ma, me, mii, we 
not, can or will not ; me 
and we, affirm. = we 
say, that. Mu-vuli, our- 
selves, we ourselves 

Weak, to be, hango, beyo 

Weaken, tr. v., k§.h€L-ha, 
yogbo felee; weakened, 
nde^u, koi ti lekpongo, 
ylbon fgka-lfwe 

Wealth and wealthy, kpate ; 
one who seizes upon 
wealth, hani-gQlI-mo 

Wean a child, ndagbia nyi- 

Weapon, n., ko-haka or 
hani = hinda 

Wear, tr. v., ngili = ylli, as 
cloth; properly, to tie, 
bind, gird. To wear out, 
become worn out, haga 

Weary, tr. v., ha. I nya lii 
ha. She wearies me. To 
become weary, hii-ha 

Weave, tr. v., fe = ve, fele; 
the art of weaving, knla 
ve nemahfi d§wf ; weav- 
ing harness, nlDl 

Weaver, n., fe-mo, fele-mo 

Weaver's beiun, n., kpakall 

Weed, tr. v., k9mb^, as, 
kpiti gpmb^; hti-gbfo, 
pull out 

Week, n., 1q, Igf , and Iqwo, 
a space of time, a week 
or a day 

Weep, intr. v., DgQ = wq, 

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"Weeping, ngQma 

Weight, 71., mini, hakamlni ; 
heavy weight, maheu 

Welcome, tr. v., va 

Well, n., nja-lQwa = ya- 
lowa ; i.e. water-hole 

Well, adv., panda-wanda, 
kpfkpe = yekpe, keya, 
as, a jia keya 

West, n., kpiindo ; kpiindo- 
hii, the west, the lower 

Wet, adj., leli, ndeli, leili, 

Whale, n., nja-hele ; i.e, 

Wharf, n., njala, njela 

What, tnterrog. pron., gbe ? 
What for? gbe va? be 
gbe? What thing? gbe 
hani? as, gbe hani lo a 
ji? What is it? gbe If? 
Mbo = mo. Gbo, as, gbo 
i wf ni a hakei ji ? What 
has he done' with that 
load? What time = 
when, migbe? migbelf 

Whatever, pron., hSni gbi, 
hinda gbi 

Wheel, w., gongSlS 

When, adv.,' }i; i.e. at the 
time when, mIgbe lo; at 
that time, ekpf lei na ma ; 
when . . . then, kina . . . 

Whence, adv., mlando 

Where, adv. interrog., ml, 
mindo, hindei ; the place 
where a? o . . . o bi ke? 

Where about ? ml yaka ? 

Wherefore, adv. and conj., 
fale. Mlva, miya lo bi ji 

weni? Wherefore have 
you done this? 

Wherever, hInda gbi, hi- 
ndei gbi 

Whetstone, n., ngakpa-gotu 

Which, rel. p/on., na, plu. 
naa = na-nasia; which 
side, where about? mi- 

While, n. and adv., ji, ji le ; 
i.e. a little while, nyepele ; 
after a long while, ku- 
lembingo; while as yet, 
kIna le; awhile, se; a 
little while ago, woi, i 
pea woi; in a little while, 
ape lo woi, pele 

Whip," n., foma = voma; 
whip with lashes* of 
braided leather, gbato ; 
the sound of a whip, 
fiigba, tr. v., fogba 

Whirlpool, n., nibembe 

Whirlwind, n., silo lo a 
gba mo, lit. the* spider 
bums his farm 

Whisker, w., t.e. side whis- 
kers, kakpa 

Whisper, w., nd6ndo-yia; v., 
ndSndo hii 

Whisperer, n., njla-15nd6- 

Whistle, n. and v., f51e = 

White, adf., kogoli, kole = 
golf; kolfngo piipii,*very 
white ; fengbe ; cotton 
cloth which is dyed blue, 
fengbe-ftma; white clay, 

White ant, n., glli; queen 
of white ants, glllnye 

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White man, n., pu-mo and 
puni-mo, a term applied 
to all educated persons, 
whether white or black 

White man's language, 

Whiten, tr, v., k6lf = golf ; 
having a. white surface, 
magolf. Ngi gowolsia ti 
mag5lIngo, His hawks of 
white faces (?) 

Who, pron., na, plu. naa 
(na), nasia, ye? Who is 

Whoever, pron,, niimu gbi, 
plu. nunga gbi 

Whole, undivided, adj., 
hokpo, gbi kpen, kpere, 
orkpele. Bitili. soi: the 
whole day, f51o kpen 

Whore, n., hite' nyaha 

Whosoever, pron., ke be ye 
lo ; whosoever thou art? 

Why, for what reason, 

Wicked, adj., nyamu 

Wickedness, n., hinda nya- 

Wide, adj., ko, ekoi 

Widow, n., kapawo and 
kpawo, plu. kpawolsia; 
this poor widow, kpawo 

Wife, n., yaha, nySha ; wife 
by inheritance, widow of 
a deceased relative, p5- 

Wild, adj., mb$lf, w5l6; 
wild beasts, ndogbo hiia ; 
wild, unruly boy, hll6p5 
gbogboSngoi ; wild cat, 
nyamgbf, ndand&kiild. 

volo; wild cow, tewni, 
hfkf; wild yam^ 'mb5, 

Wilderness, n., ndogbo, 
ng5la or ngole (?) 

Will,'n., ndiima = duma = 
luma,ndlma=]ima hinda, 
tuma yela ; good will, ndl 

Win, tr. v., pa (kill), as in 
a game 

Wind, n., fefe 

Wind, tr. v., kanu 

Winding, SQku, ndekpe, 

Window, n., ndawCma, 
jende, kanyama 

Windpipe, w., mb6lo-g6to 

Wine, n., ndg = 16 ; palm 
wine, tokpo-lo ; wine from 
ndiivu w6vo poti; wine- 
fat, ndg yfi va; wine- 
press, or the place where 

Wine-drinker, n., ndg gbo- 

Wing, n., kpaki (arm, 
shoulder), plu. kapakteia; 
winged termites, hita. 
l^gi gbakisia tfwengo 
yele. His wings were cut 

Wink at (in contempt), 
intr. v., mmdl 

Winnow, tr. v., lyenje, 
ngafe, mayafe, mave 

Wipe, tr. v., gamgela, npaye- 
la; as,mesemayela. Ngeia 
ySla. Wipe upwith rfie 
finger, mdigomi; wipeont, 
nduf? = liif|. Ti ngi 
liifSa] They wiped him 

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Wisdom, n., nemahiide. 
Tgnya-bela ti nemahMe 

Wisdom, n., namahii-lewf ; 
to have wisdom, nemahu 

Wise, adj., nemahti lewe 
and dewfngo. Ngii nu- 
kpe, wise head 

Wise* person, n., nemahii, 
]e-mo. Ngn-hukpe-mo, 
clear-headed person 

Wish, tr, v., 16, yelo (to 

Witch, n., hgna. Li hgna 

Witchcraft, w., hgna hinda, 
or merely hgna. It also 
denotes the spleen of one 
supposed to have slain 
others hy witchcraft 

With, prep., a, la, ta ; with 
us, mu woma. I am with 
you, Nya'lo wu woma 

Withdraw intoconcealment, 
ndomhulombu. Koi i 
lombua. He keeps the 
war a secret 

Wither, intr. v., ndSgbo = 
]$gb$. Tiffsia li iogboa ; 
b|, mbf, to dry, dried 
up. Kgwui mbfngo = 
Within, prep., hH, mbu, bu ; 
withm the sky, or under 
heaven,ngele-g9hii'; with- 
in the skin" = body, kahfi. 
EakS ta lo pelei bu (?) 
Without, prep,, poma = 
w$ma ; without * under- 
standing, nemahu i ti 
ma; without handle^ 

mene, as, k5nu mene; 
without hindrance, kaba; 
without energy, fiaka- 
Ifwe; without fail, fo; 
without honour, maha 

Witness, n., seli = jeli ; 
£alse witness, nde seil 
houla ; to witness between, 

Woe, exclam., powo ! 

Wolf, n. (doubtful), koli. 
See KqII, leopard. Koli 

Woman, n., mua and 
miiai; nya and nyaha, 
plu. nyahanga and ma- 
ningo ; mama, elderly 
person, male or female: 
mama-da, a very old 
person, a grandparent 
of eiliier sex ; young 
woman, or become a 
woman, nyap9, njabu = 

Womanhood, n., nyapOya 

Wonder, n., ngii-h&-ba- 

Wonderful, adj. and n., 
wonderful things, ngulu- 
ba hindesia. K^bande, 
ti kabande hinda wea. 
They wrought miracles 

Wood, n., kowu ; woods = 
forest, ndogbo 

Wood-cutter, n., kgwu 
dewe-mo; the place for 
cutting wood, kQwu ya- 

Wooden seat in a bam, 

Wood-splitter, n., kgwu 

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Woollen cloth, n., mujl 
Word, n., ngo, la, la-yia, 

Djla, yfji 

Work, n., ngenge = yenge; 
v., ngenge we : good work, 
hinda* yf kpf 

Workman, n., ngenge-mo, 

Workshop, w., ngengema 

World, n., ndolo'= lolo = 
loe = ndoe ; all the 
world, i.e, people, ngele- 
bn gbi = all under heaven 

Worm, n,, kpoli, gbolni; 
ngoro, a small green and 
hairy worm; mbg, mbolo, 
worm biting those that 
sleep on the ground 

Worship, tr. v., va, he; 
plarce of worship, hema 

Worship of the spirit at the 
grave the third day after 
the interment of a female, 
and the fourth day after 
the interment of a male, 

Worshipper, w., niimu we 
hehe we mo 

Worshipping of twins, giv- 
ing them oil and salt 
every new moon, woi, 
won go 

Worthiness, w., ba 

Worthy, adj., mahoungo, 
mbele ngi ma 

Wound] tr, v., nemu; 
wounded person, w., mbo- 
mo nwona ; wound with 
a sharp instrument, ti 
ngi wona a saki; a gun- 
shot wound, mboma, plu. 
nemuma^ nemuisia 

Wrap, tr, v., mbembe ; wrap 
in a parcel, tiwi 

Wrath, n., ndidewe = li 
dewe, ndlma 

Wreath, w., hembe 

Wrest from, tr. v., jionje, 
mbola = l^la 

Wrestling, ilgi. Ti kigi 
goa, They saw the wrest- 

Wring, t,e, press out, kpini, 

Wrinkles, n,, totonyo 

Wrist, 71., loko lei, t6ko la 

Write, tr, v., nyegi 

Written, adj,, nyegingo 

Wrong, to be, lele, lengo. 
£i lele, thou art in the 
wrong. To wrong one, 
nyimi. Ti nyimia ngi 
ma. They wronged you. 
Wronged, condemned, 
nylni nyimia 

Yam, n,, mbo, mbole ; wild 
yam, ngawu 

Yard, n,, kata; yard or 
garden enclosed, kate hii. 
Epanda, t.e.half a fat&om, 

Yaws, n„ kegeli, a trouble- 
some disease on the west 
coast. Scars from yaws 
on the bottom of the feet, 

Yeax, 'n,y fj, f56, fonu ; last 
year, fj dfwengo; the 
present year, nyomoi, as, 
njf i waa nyomi kpolongo . 

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the year after next, fo na 

ikpekei w6ma 
Yes, adv.y Le, aiou, yo, aiyo 
Yesterday, n., ku = gu, 

def. St. gtiei, gbenge or 

kpenge, gbfngeme. Mu 

waa beindo 'gb|np:eme. 

The day before yesterday, 

kpgnge nda gbenge 
"Yet, adv. conj., ke, le ; yet 

again . yay ema. I gboyoni le 
Tield fruit/ i wani ngiilu- 

wa gbi 
Yielding to pressure, yovn, 

i.e. soft, elastic, titili, bg- 

gbo ye titili 
Yonder, adv., miando 
You and ye, pron., wa, wu, 

wua ; neg. wa. wii wua : 

to you, with you, a-wue 
You say = saying, be aJad 


Young, adj. , togbe = dogbe ; 

the younger, itogbei; njio, 

young or little; to be 

young, yiongo 
Young man, n., ndagbao 

dogbe, ndakpa 15 konga ; 

young soldiers, ko and 

golagbowoisia ; young 

woman, nyapo, magbeni 
Your; pron., a-wue, wu, 

wua ; your own, wunda 
Yourself, wua be 
Yourselves, fyron., wu-viili, 

plu. wuvuluisia 
Youth, n., kina wogba nya 


Zeal, n., ndi gbandi = hot 



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