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Full text of "Voke i voe"

H?| 57 CPnCKA KMfflE BHA 3A^yFA 57 



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BCRKE H ME 



HAJIHCAO 

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EJiaroje /I. Toflopo»nfi 
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7 Beorpa/Qr 
•'.oraHO y £p« # PJraMnapKjjc KpaJb«BJiHe Cpdnje 
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Oa HeKOjiHKO roAHHa Cptfnja A°6HBa, CTa^iHO, npeKO 
neTHaecT MH.iHOHa AHHapa y 3.iaTy Ha roAHHy 3a cyBe 
ni.LHBe, neKMe3 h CBeace Boke. Ta cyMa orje He3HaTHa, 
sum OHa Moae 6hth h amoro Beta. IIpnHOC je oa BoLa 
miJBehn, Ka^ ce Bote raje Kao dito Tpetfa, jep Ta^a 
pal^ajv pe^OBHO, h poA hm je HajfojLHX ocodnHa. Moaie 
ce peLH Aa je y Hac MajieH 6poj no^onpHBpeAHHKa kojh 
y rajeity BohaKa pa^n c pa3yMeBan>eM, h 3axo je Bp^o 
noTpetfHa iiito noTnyHHJa noyo o TOMe. /l,a ar te Bo fine 
u Untie mohh a^th iiainHM no.i>onpnBpeAHHHHMa TaKBy 
noysy, cTBap je cajinx ^HTa^aua a^ oueHe, a Hanie je 
noiieHyTH Aa ce y paAy na oboj K&H3H nmvAO, a^ ce 
Taj neAOCTaiaK ko.ihko tojihko nonyHH. Pa3yMHHM ra- 
jefteji BoLaKa momh 6hcmo HMaTH 3HaTHO Bene npooce 
oa Bolia ho ao CM*, a napoquTO ano 6k ce bohro koa 
Hac rajn^e ne caMO no BOHH>aii,HMa, kojh cy hcthhckh 

jauHimn iiamera BoKapcTBa, Bek h nopeA nyiona, 
ApyMOBa, no yipHHaMa h CByAa rAe iiory ycneBara. 

S «»bom A^y BofiKe u^tie H3HeceHe cy y MaB- 
HOie noyne o raje&y imnucinr BoLaKa. 

PpauiBO 3a OBaj paA ijpneHO je H3 CTpaHHX H3- 

Bopa, a mijBiiiinj m minve: Handbuch der ObstcuUw, 

je Aan;i<" najoo.T>a y oboj Bpda noionprapeAHe kh.h- 

B6BH0CTI. Ilm-aii. re n&ire HuKOJia Tome, ynpaBHTeA 

BoLapcKO-tfaniTOBaHeKe nucoje y QlTyfrapTy, ho3ap»bho 

iij'e paA Ha oboj kh,h:ui h oAotfpno a» ce 



IV BO-RKE H BOUE 



H3 H,eroBe KH>nre Mory y3era noTpetme dHice h tgkct. 
HeKa My je 3aT0 h ob^c Ton^ia XBa^ia. 

Il^eAOKynHO ^e^o hoa obhm hmchom (Botine u Bofie) 
noHy^GHO je 6eao jom npe qeTnpn roAHHe (Pon^y Hauje 
31. KoAapua, &ar ra OBaj HHJe iipHMHO, h aKO je CTpy<mo 
MHiuAeifce 6eao hoboaho, 3aTO ihto ce HanMO A& 6e Tpom- 
kobh oko HiTaMiiaH>a KH>sre h H3paAe cazKa 6eae cyBnme 
Be^HKH, n uito je amo y OKBflpy nracflCKora yn6eHHKa. 

H[to ca^a OBa KH>nra, npBH ^eo ne.iora pa^a o 
eo£uaMa u eoRy, H3.ia3H na cbgt, CMaTpaM a& mh Tpeda 
3axBa^HTH CpucKOJ KibuotceeHoi 3a4pi/3U, qnja je 
yripaBa oftAywAa ^a h Ha KH>nry OBe CTpyKe mpTByje 
noBeiiy cysiy h a& iioje aeao yBpcrn y peA cbojhx pe- 
AObhhx Ko^ia. HaK^iOHOCT 3a/i,pyrflHa npeMa oboj kh>h3h 
Hamjia je OA3HBa h Ha ohom bhcokom MecTy, Koje Haj- 
Bete CTapaae boah o yHanpe^e&y no^CKe npHBpeAe: ynpaBa 
je 3a H,y HOTpaM^ia h Ao6n./ia Hapowry HOBqaHy homoh 
oa rocno^HHa MnHHCTpa HapoAHe IIpHBpeAe, Te je TaKO 
6tiAVL y MoryimocTH a^ je OAniTasma y HH3y cbojhx H3Aan,a. 

Ako OBa KH>nra h Ha A e ^y kophcho nocayatH cpn- 
ckhm no&onpHBpeAHHHHMa, ohh he 3a to AyroBaTH no- 
MaBHTO yBH^aBHOCTH h noatpTBOBa&y CpncKe KanaceBHe 
3aApyre ? a niican,, ceai Be^iHKe 3axBa,iH0CTH Kojy aj- 
ryje poAO.tydiiBOJ ynp*g| 3aApynraoj, jom je Ay^aH 
c Hapo^HTOM xBa^ioM hctoih noMOh Kojy cy My y paAy 
yKa3a^H hok. CieBaH T. JaKmnh, npefy. npo$ecop Be.i. 
IllKOjie, h r. PaHKo IleTpoBHh, npo$ecop. 

E/iar. 4- To^opoBMli 



UFETJLER 



CTPAHA 

I. 113 ucTopuje eofiapcTea 1 

II. Kopucru oa eofiana 6 

III. Kojux Marepuja w.wa y eoKnu 13 

IV. l'pafja u opiauu eoKana 18 

1. Tpa^a Bohana 18 

2. Opraim y Bokana 20 

KopeH 20 

CTa6-io 24 

IlynoAi^H 27 

TpaHe o0 

.liimli.' 33 

U,BeT 34 

Uaoa (poa) 36 

Cesie 37 

(sot doHana 39 

1. K.injaH>e 39 

2. Xpaaeae Bohana 40 

'■>. 1'acTeH.e Bohaica 45 

1. II,BeTaH>e h oajo^HBaae 46 

\ L Cuoaowim uozoAde 3a okubot eoKana 50 

; »Ayi 

BeT.iocT 51 

3. BoAa 52 

i. Touon 53 

•">. Qoaosqj 54 

6. 3evjkn 55 

VII. Ilo.iuaeatbe ooKcuia 57 

1. Jt6jMA 57 

pyiusa 61 

.uytfaa, ryaa, upsaTy&a 

IyraMyaa 65 

yiii.i 66 

I pane ■ mOM 67 

1 71 

8. B epaeiHja 74 



VI BOUKE H BOTIE 



CTPAHA. 

.9. BpecKBa, npacna, me^TeAHJa 76 

10. Ba^eM, oajaH, MeHAyo 78 

11. Opax 80 

12. ApeH 84 

13. ylecKa 85 

14. KecTeH, KOCTan, 86 

15. /Ija ear MypBa 87 

16. CiioKBa 89 

17. BHHOBa ^03a 91 

18. Orpo3, mopcko rpoat^e, TpHo6o6a, mMaaaK ... 93 

19. Pa6H3ja, HMaH>n,H, 6aM6epoBO rpoat^e 94 

20. Ma-iHHa, cyHHua 96 

21. KynaHa, oCTpyra 97 

22. Jaroaa 97 

VIII. PacaAHun 98 

1. CeMeHHniTe 98 

2. PacTino 120 

IX. Hpuca^ueatbe (naepTcme , uaAaMjbeihe , KdAeMjbetbe) 

eokma 134 

1. npaca^HBaH>y y onmTe 134 

2. BajKHHJaHCRycTBaAO kojhx ce aodmo upHcaljnBaH>eM 138 

3. KopacTH, Koje ce uocrajKy npncal/HBafteM • • • 142 

4. HoroA^e oa kojhx 3aBHCH ycnex npuca^HBaiteM • 145 

5. H36op noA-iore 146 

6. H36op, nyBaae h npenoc BHJoKa 3a upoAeTH>e upn- 
ca^HBaae 151 

7. H36op, iyBaH»e h upeHOC BHJoKa 3a aeTBe h je- 
ceae npHcaijHBaae • • 154 

8. HoA-iore h bhjokc 156 

9. BpeMe upnca^HBaiba 158 

10. Ha kom ce MecTy BokKe npnca^yjy 159 

11. Opy^a 3a npHcafyBBaite 160 

12. BohapcKH BocaK 163 

13. IlpnCop 3a Be3HBaH>e npncaAa 168 

X. Pasnu uauunu upucafjueana eoKana 171 

1. HpHcai/HBatte npn.fcy6.fcHBaH,eM — Hanpnuoj (a6.iaK- 

THpaae) 171 

2. IIpHcafyHBafte y nponen 181 

3. npHcafyoaike boa Ropy 191 

4. llpncaljHBaibe cnajaH>esi ' 194 

5. Oieae rpaH^Hn,0M 206 

6. CKeae nyno^KOM 211 

XI. Ha koju uauun u y Koje epe.ue jpeda npuca^uearu 

uojeAune epcre eoftana 222 

1. IIpHcat/HBaae jaoyita 222 

2. npaca^HBaae KpymaKa 223 

3. Ilpnca^HBaae Aya>a 225 

4. Epnca^HBaEbe MyniMyaa 225 



n p e r ji e jx VII 



CTPAHA 

5. npnca^HBaae ocKopyma 225 

6. HpucafjiiBa&e Tpemana h Bumaaa 225 

7. IJpncaJ)HBaH>e m.Liii;a 226 

8. EpncafynBafte Kajcnja 227 

9. npncat)nBa&e 6peciKa 228 

10. npuca^HBa&e 6aAesia 229 

11. Epnca^HBaae opaxa 229 

12. IIpuca^iiBaFte ApeHa • 231 

13. IIpuca^nBaite .aecKe 231 

14. IIpHcal)nBaH>e KecTena 231 

15. IIpnca^HBaH>e AyAa 232 

16. IIpncai)HBaff>e cuoKaiia 232 

17. Upnca^flBaFte orpo3a h pn(5H3.ae 233 

XII. JJocTyaatbe c boHko-mo, y paca^Huny 04 upucafjuecma 

AO upecafjueaiba ua CTaAuo Mecro 236 

1. Oopa^BBaae h fyyGpe&e 3eyube 236 

2. IIpHBe3HBaH>e h cKpRHBaae Mja^apa h yK^aaafte 
H34aHaKa 237 

8. IIpenpHCal)HBaH.e BohaKa 240 

4. Ov1ejea:aBaH,e copaTa 241 

5. IIpoH3BoI)eH>e bhcokhx Bohasa 242 

6. IIpoH3Bo}/eH>e bhcokox BohaKa ABoryGnai npnca- 
l)HBaH,PM 249 

<. IIpoH3BoljeB>e ocpeAH>nx BohaKa 250 

8. IIpoH3Bo^efte hhckhx BohaKa 251 

9. HcKonaBaae BohaKa 252 

XIII. npecafjueane eoKana ua ctcuiho Mecro 255 

1. IbGop MecTa 255 

-'. < ).ipe^HBaH»e pacTOJaita 262 

3. 0<jejesaBan.e MecTa 3a ca^eae BobaKa .... 268 
I Ii'onaH>e jaMiiKa 3a luicoice h ocpeAH>e BohKe • • 275 

5. Galeae BohaKa ua xy.Miihe 278 

6. 4 0f >a ca^eaa 281 

7. J[.;.'o|> 11 cnpeMa&e caAiiHHa 285 

-. Do6HJa&6 iif)U r;u:;i 295 

t,(.'n,o BohaKa 299 

10. II|)iiiit ::nii;iH,e BohaKa 3a npHTKe 301 

11. Cal,t'H>»' Bohaxa nopea nyTeia 302 

12. Caljese Bohasa ua ro.nm socawa 305 

taia&e h caheii>«' ihmhkhx Bohaica ••••■• 307 

XI v. Beta eofiaica 313 

1. II ' iiocal,<:HH\ liohaKa 813 

j. HaKna.uio AorepHBaae spyjie bhcokhx uohao • 817 

::. QoCTyna&e e m.m.uim BObiaiia ipeio aera • • • 825 

1. Qpope^HBa&e tpjrHe ihcoehi sonasa 826 

... Mnmt.-'if,,. Bohasa 329 

ohaaa 881 

7. II !:;u;;i 



VIII BCRKE H BOTVE 



CTPAHA 

8. IloAM.ia^HBaae BoLaKa 334 

9. UpeiipHcaifHBa&e BokaKa 340 

10. 06paijHBaE>e 3eM^»e 341 

11. 'Bydpeae Bokaita 341 

12. IIoAynnpaae Bohana 350 

13. Hepo;WOCT Botiana 352 

14. 3aniTHtaBaH.e BohaKa oa HenoroAa 354 

15. 3amTHhaBaH.e BohaKa oa HenpnjaTe^a h GoaecTii 360 

XV. HeupujdTejbu eoRa • . 361 

1. /],OMatia cTOKa 361 

2. r.ioAapH 362 

3. Ey6e 364 

4. Hnne 367 

5. CMOTaBn,H 370 

6. TycenHne (AenTHpn) 372 

7. rvceHHn,e 3o^a 392 

8. Barnn 397 

9. MpaBH 406 

10. 3o^e n CTpm^eHH 407 

XVI. LIpujaTeJbu eoKana 408 

XVII. EojiecTu eoKaKCL 412 

1. KoAecrii Ha Aeliy, rpaHajia h xii.iuMa 412 

2. BoaecTH .inrata ... 11!) 

XVIII. Eep6a eoKa 424 

XIX. Hpenoe eoKa 433 

XX. lyeawe eolia 440 

K^&yn 447 

I\aaBHHJe inTaMirapcice rpemKe 452 



»•<&&&&>" 



I 



H3 HCTOPHJE BOTiAPCTBA 



II.; ncTopHJe ci'.eTa ea3HajeMO, ah ce ^y^a aara- 
m;ix\ BolapcTBOM join oa npe 2.000 roAMmi. Moate ce 
|M'liii, ,\n ee y flotfa, oa ce npncTymuo odpa^iiuaiby 
.i«'M.i,f. ][)iii(Tynii.io h rajeity BokaKa. 1 

^.laTiia Kp a, i una jatiyna, kojom je IlapHA #a- 
poBao AffipojuTy (Bempy), m 3^iaTHe ecuepuflCKeja- 
Gyise, u aKO cy aaBMJeHe y .MMmioniKH Beo, MnaK cy 
A0Ka3, &a ce y Ao6a OMepoeo (880 r. npe Xpncra), 
.;ii;lim 3a uy^'rypy BokaKa. 

HeMa cyMH,e, Hctok je a6or cBOJe pajcKe ooie 
npBotfHTHa AOMOBHHa aanier tfo&er bom,. Mqjcej, npBH 
H3paHACKH ::;ii,'<)iio,i,ciiuin, npBH je H3Heo nponnc He3H 
Boiiasa. TaKO y 11) r.iaiui eBOJe Tpeke kii.hiv (ct. 
23 — 25; mum: „A iraA A^exe y 3eMAy n Haca#BTe 
CBaKOjaKora BoLa, odpexiTG my oKpajaK, poa aeroa; 
t|»h roAimc B6Ka Ban je HeodpesaHO, h ne je^nie ra. 



1 <> aoKapcTBy y apeHCTopncKO Bpeke bhah n;t dp. 188 

uii.hiw .1. IKyjoBiiha Kawciio 406a (no. 11 Cpncse Kiuukchuc 
&MPJ 

BOHKl II i:ui. I J 



BOUKE H B01VE 



A qeTBpTe roomie neKa 6yAe caB po-A &eroB HocfteLeB 
y xiia^iy rocnoAV. Ila reK nete ro^HHe je^HTe Boke 
c ii.era, fta oh Ban ce jmhdsho poA ifceroB." 

TpnH cy y Be.iMKO rajn^H Bote, a 3a Xuuo- 
KpaTa, o/iaBiiora rpqKor deicapa, nocitrypHo ee TBp&H, 
Aa je npBH npoHauiao Beiiii'miy ouefba (na 400 roA. 
npe Xpncra). OnrrpH m mvapm aTHHCRM aaKOHO./iaBuu 
JlpaKOH m Coaoh McraoH cy eMpTHy Ka3Hj 3a Kpafl- 
.tMBB;e yceBa, noBpfca h Boka. 

PMiiAaHH cy y nouacr boIiv, Koje Ha3HBaxy „po- 
mum", HMadH h HapOMHTy uoni&y lIoMouy. H>ena je. 
Be.ie, AyJKHOCT (Joa boahth 6pHry, \a ee BotiKe raje 
m oCLiaropo^yjy. 

y TpMKy m Mtji.iiiJ) paHo je upejieceiio MHoro 
BoKe ca HcroKa, a HapoiHTO y flotfa A-ieKcaHApa Be- 
JHKor. y obhm 3e.)i.i.aMa uilio je, Be.ie, h BeaMKiix rpa- 
Ainia uoa BoiataMa. Ofl Mnonix npnpo^&aEa n necHHKa 
OHAaimtera Aoda Hia cnnca o paniuni HamiiniM ho- 
AH3aH>a h upMca^Muaita (iiaupTaii.a) Boiiasa, a Beti y 
III BeKy nocvie Xpncra Pmu.aiin opojaxv iieirux 56 
eopa-ra spymasa, 37 eopaTa jatfyxa, 12 eopaTa ni.i.iina 
h 4 cop're opecaKa. 

H3BecHe iLieHeHffce BoiiKe npeaeceHe cy B3 MTa.injc 
y rajwjy (AaHanray ftpaniijcKy m Be.irnjv) join oko 
no.iOBMHe I BeKa, jep ILiHHHJe, 'ivBeiiri piMCKB niiniu, 
KOJH je jkhb<m» y A ( >6a 23 — 79 roAHHe nocie Xpncra, 
npinia, a^ je Xe.iBeu.MJe Xe^iHKc npeneo na ra.mje 
:j.iaTHy jadyicy if rpoarije y UlBajuapcKy n tfcHMa npn- 
BO.ieo crapoceAeoue OBe 3ejf<ke, A*i ee Mce.ie y 6.iaro- 
c./iOBeHy Ta.iPfjy. 

BotiapcTBO je HapoiffiTO .ieno peTaao boa pHM- 
ckhm uapeBnua TutfepujeM w TIpofioM (282 roj\. no&ie 
Xpncra). 



113 IICTOP1MK BCRArCTRA 



EIoeirypHO ce apm> m cy <m, rpna a ncroqHHX 
HapoAa ii | > n m ii. r ii . aenocpeAHO 11.111 iioepeAHO, icy.rrypy 
BoLatca occi PiiM.i.aiia. join KapTaimaHH, IIIiiatf>o.mn, 
LVpMann. CdOBOHH R Mai,iapu. 

,l,a ey ce join CTapH C.iob6hm :iaiiinia,m raje&Qii 
Bok&Ka, AQKaa je raj. urn* je crapooaoBeHCKH jeauK 
(Jorai HspasHMa koji ce rimy Botatfa n nojeAHHor 
BoLa. Hiij). oeomruie, eowruie, oe&MTt (liohe), ja- 
fijnKo, o6a&ko (jauvKa), rpywa (KpyuiKa), eumun (bu- 
iim.a). npetUHS (TjH'iiiii.a), apex (opax) hta. 

y Apyroj iio-iobhhh VI BeKa (587 roA.) BM^a.ia 
ce iia Tjiii<'.;a.Ma KH6X6Ba koa Cb. PeAeryiiAe h jafryjco- 
eana, a y VIII sesy DOAHrao je Kapjio Bemmu na 
cbojhm i;pyncKHM inuui.inm (AOMeHmia) nopeA ocTa.iiix 
BoLasa join n napo'iirre jatfyra h Kpymne 3a jaoyKOBa^iy, 
a sacHOBao je h iiiko.iv. a& ce BotKe KaKO Ba&a caAe 
i neryjy. 

V VIII 11 IX ]wi:\. .janiTMhaBaHO je Bote ourrpiiM 
saKOHCKKM Mf|ia\ia. a HMjouii'imija Earn 3a OHe, kojh 
6m Bolsaxa y BeMaraoj liauiiinuii KaKBy niieTy, Cm-ia 
je: ,i;i m\ ce pyica onpsn ii.ih h cacBMM OAceqe. 

V XIII ia'i.-y, BoiapeTBOJe y3e^o BeKera no-ae'ra, 
aapowro y Tnpiniry, « - j > 1 1 \ BeMarae, u y (frpaHnycitoj, 

saJBHme n.riy MaHacrapa, na ce BaTO HanacTupH 
ii BiTemKH |m\ioi;!! c apaBOM ii cMaTpajy mio npaBB 
iiHotnijui BobapcTBa. Hy Tes&a sa 60. pTaxa hc- 

Kpc^a je Ten npii Kpajy XIII Bena, a j XIV \w\i\ 

DOHHiUa C] li;i II na jaBHOCT I8H6C6Ha Up. .a liHail.a 

copTaxa BoLa. 1 

V XVI BeKy, Kpucroe (1550—1568), upiw 
BHpTeM^pmKH BoJBOAa, kojh jf npOBeo u.lii.lorr y Mt»i- 



.1 (Marayc) i KpemeHUH. 



4 BOUKE H BOTvE 

.ihjh h <I>paHB;ycKOJ, 3ay.3HMao ce .la^mo 3a BokapcTBO, 
Te My Ha Taj Ha^iMH HCTnnao Be.iHKy BpeAHOCT, a hcto 
ce TaKO 3a OBy rpaHy HapoAHe npHBpe^e 3ay3iMao y 
CacKoj h KHe3 AezycT (1526 — 1592). 

T XVII BeKy hshbmo je y <5paHB,ycKoj npBo n 
noBete j^ao o rajeity Botana oa Joeaua Kmruwiija, 
'iyBeHora Botiapa Tora A<>6a. 

Oa OBora 406a npndaB^a^a ce y noje^BHHM 3eM- 
AaMa 3aniTHTa BoiiKaMa h Hapo^BTHM 3aKOHHMa, a 6pm- 
deu6ypwKu nue3 H3^ao je Hape^^y, a& c-BaKH 6pa T niH 
nap Mopa 3aca^HTH h OAHeroBara no niecT BoLaKa. Obo 
6eme A^e hoboa, Te ce n y ApyrHM 3eM&aMa yo6n*iaJH 
He caMO to, Bet n ^a ce no H3BecTaH 6poj BokaKa caAB 
h npn^iHKOM Kpnnma, npn^iHKOM cTynaita y rpa^aHCKa 
npaBa hta. 

IIoyKe o noAH3aBDy, He3H n ynoTpetfa Boka, hh- 
naxy h Hnqy cKopo CBaKor Aana, TaKO, ^a OBa rp.nui 
odnjiyje ^aHac Ba^aHHM ^ejiHMa. 1 

y obom BeKy 3acHOBane cy y MHoriiM MecraMa b 
*ihcto BokapcKe niKO^ie h noMO-ionran 3aBOAH (y PaJT- 
^HHreny, ApocKoy hta.) hjih cy yAenieiiH H 3a n:;v- 
naBan>e BBHorpa^apcTBa h rpa^HHapcTBa (y raJ36HxaJMy, 
UlTyrrap'ry, Kap.icpyy, XoxeHxajny, KJiocTepHaj(5ypry, 
Maptfypry, Tpojn, MeA-inHry, IIoTCAaMy, I^npaxy h AP-)- 

y MHorra 3eM^aMa HMajy jom h Hapowra ApyniTBa 
3a yHanpe^eae BokapcTBa, a y MHorni ce npnpefyyjy 
qemte h H3.i0JK6e Bona, nAakajy nyTHH yHHTe^H hta. 

Cbh obh paAOBH npnnoMor^M cy, r re je BokapcrBO 
KopaKHy^io 3HaTHO yHanpeA, h, seMa cyMite, bpoahoct 

1 rfuxaMeji (1763), Joean Majep (1776), Mazuep (1794), 
Ap. A^ (1799), KpucT (1809). JLuzeji (1825), How (1838), ,4w- 
rpux (1839), EueopT (1825), A^eu (1858), Av- A V Kac (1870), 
Hunojia Fome (1889) iny*. hta. 



IT 3 IIOTOPIIJE RO-RAPCTBA 



je BohapcTBii Xdiw ii HHoro BeKa, jep je m ynoTpeoa 

BoKa KX r \ U KaMO pa3HOBpCHII,j';l. 

To je y KpaTKHi norosHMa hctophjckh patBHTak 
BoLapCTBa y aeMAaira, iroje Ha OBy npHBpe/uiy rpany 
paMVHajy sao 11a H3Bop CTajmnx AOxo^aKa, any Hac 

■Am y roue kebab noKpeT. 




t 




-&&- ->-3* ! 



II 

KOPHCTH Ofl BOTiAKA 



H8Me|y Miioro6pojiinx flapoBa, E0 J e J 1 ' npnpDAa 
npyatH^ia, AyAHMa, nnm cym©, n hoLkc 3ay3HMajy jeflHo 
oa Hajyrji^HnJMX .moctIL 

H rko roIiko y noivie/ij xpaimBocTii H30CTajy iirnma 
^ajieKO H3a crpMHix atHTa n Apyrnx oii.i.ai.-a ::a xpaHy, 
nnaK je Boke BHarao CTora, iiito iuvijikom pa3HOJiirKOinLy 

CBOJOM ™iH MHOrO npHJaTIIMJH.M KM HOT CBeKO^HKOM CTa- 
HOBHHBITBy, WKAP H fioraTOM IT CHpOMaXJ, CTapOM 11 

MJiaAOM, na 3aT0 ce oho y cbhm« srccTHMa, r^e mme 
ycneBa™, h CMaTpa: He caMO i;ao HepasflBOJHH apyrap 
npHBpe/uiRmiMa, Bek n Kao Mepwo 3a oijeny CBeKOAHKe 
npHBpe^e h Ky^Type HsnxoBe. 

Bohe je 3a CBaKora 3^paBa h npHjaTna xpana, a 
OBa My je BpeAiiocT y tcibko BeLi, dito ce Moae jecTH 
h OHaKO, KaKo ce y6epe, 3aTHM KyBaHO, cyBO ht/*., 
Te ra TaKO MomeMO HMara y cbmo j\o6a ro/i,MHe. BoLe 
je 3ApaBOM jiena 3aKycKa a 6<MecHHKy *iecTo h jien; 
offieAHe^H racH ftBiie me\), yjiopHH Kpene CHary a jiho- 



KOPITCTII Ofl, BOTiAKA 



rii.Ma je AotipoAomAo 3a npoueHy uiiinc laae jeAHOotipa- 
.ifinx jecTHBa. BqLc npewa to.mc rponni n ua.io n i;e- 
jdiko, ii SApaBO ii ftoaeeHO, na 3aTO n|>iiH])»Miiui; y fceny 
c m;i.i«> ;:aMyKc nose HMrtTil iit'lK'npn.Mli: BBBOp 38 CBOJe 
tforaexBO. Obo y toaiko npe, nrro ee oa po^a Miiornx 
Bolaica npaiui join n iraoro iiito nrra. Oa jaoyi;a n 
spymaKa iipann ce jafyKoema, kojo.m ce 3anopeHB pa- 
.U'liin; ocBexaBa n Rpem n k-ojom ce y oiwkjim npii- 
jURaMa 3aneH.yje Apyro> HtynAe i uenoAecunje mihc 
Rpymse % .myihmy.i* 4 ieiy ce y Typiinijy. ar ^ h.ii.mh 
ii opeKO 3HM6 .:;i.1(»;kiimo. ()j\ im.mihji. j;ioyi;n. Kpyiiiawa, 
KajcHJa, op»'rai;;i. Ma.iniia m,\. npar.ii ce 3AP&3& u 
jiesoBiTa xpana uexMes. <U m&EBB,, rpematta it jom 
iHoror BoLa ne^e ce patcuja, totobp jmnepu ii tom« 
cameo. Oa spymaKa, jatiyna, ocKOpyma u Apyror Bofia 
npaiui ce cupKe \\\\\. 

l Iai; n oTiiami racy 5ea BpeAHOCTH. EfoapHO BoLe 
iioT|»oiiin CTOKa. <>,\ kombhc (unripe) npaBH ce cHpte 
ii. in ce yii<'T|it'n.i,aHa :;a ropHBO. sa xpaiiy CTOKe \v\\\. 
A cBe, iiito raje mi sa saRBy ynoTpedy, bag na kom- 
nocr — raoJHmTe (byopniirre). 

I la ii \iw\ Ho|,i:a n:',,i,a. Kafl npecraHe pafyrni, ksa 

}iim. .loupa j*' :;;i ropHBO II pa3HC li::pal)»'i:inii'. 
J,pi:o CBH i',o},;n;a y jior.it^y ropHBOCTB H30CTaje Ma.io 
■3a tiyKOBS, re j«' aaTO, r,v sena myiia, sa ropBBi) 

luuprniii MaT<'|Hija.i : a \\\m OA opaxa. Kpymawa n 

TjM'iiiaii.a. c &eroBe TBpAote n iiito it nose Ae&o 

\r.ia'i,rni (muiipaTii). no.iapn oam n iiapoMirro Tpa;i;»\ 

.v Medina ri.f ce He paje crpiiHa sirra .ihiiiIu 1 ce bo- 

I.;ii;;i ::«'»H|»ii n \ iioTpeo.i.ana :;ji iipornipi;y CTOIJH. 

To c\ neaocpe^He sopHCTB Koje BMano oa Bobana, 
.j.iii out* ii;im n aocpeAHo KopiCTe, n re C] KopHCTH 
BHaTBe B*0 n B6n06p6AH6. 



BO'KKE H BOUE 



Miioni y mom AuopHiiiTy uo^Maie pa3./iH<ifie Bokice, 
ne to.imko pa^H pp^a, ko^lhko pa,p yKpaca, 4a ce y 
nwxoBy npnjaTHOM x.ia/i.y 3aK./ioHH oa necHOCHe atere 
m Aa ce saiiiTHTH oa jaKHX BeTpoBa. 

CeM Tora h BoiiKe Kao h niyiie noMaaty 3HaTHO 
Aa ce aeauba ne hchocth, a^ 6yAe poAHHJa, Aa 6yAe 
yAo6HHJa 3a 6o,ty npnBpeAy, 6ojlh atHBOT. 

Tag HeMa inyia h BOhH>aKa h.ih rAe cy myMe 
.laKOMHc^eno ynponanikeHe eae jano npope^eHe, seMAa 
je nepoAHa, BeTpoBH cy jann h hcchochh, Kama m\ia 
HeypeAHO a Tyqa necro niTeTH yceBe. J TaEHM MecTHMa 
HeMa ni r ra Aa ciomh cHary BeTpoBHMa hhth niTa j\n, 
y6.ia5KH mery h Hnny, r re 3aTO yceBH OMany y poAy h.ih 
h cacBHM H3HeBepe. IHyMe h BokitaHH HHHe y OBOMe 
Be^HKy yciyry. 06oje He caino Aa ^omh CHary BeTpo- 
BHMa h Aa ce onnpe cyHHa-HOJ npnneHH h Mpa3eBHMa, Ben 
cbojhm auLiaMa Hjme H3 Ay^OKHx caojeBa h 3HaTHy ko- 
^nqHuy BOAe, Koje y Ba3Ayx ncnyniTa imjBehHM aciom 
Epos CBOje junnke, Te Tano He a^ Aa BasAyx 6yAe cyB, 
na 3aTO rAe je BasAyx B./iaaraHJH, 3acHheHBJH, h Knuia 
Tiemhe na-Aa, HMa Bnme poce, HMa BHHie cbhx BOAennx 
naAeata (Ta^iora) kojh cy Tano no r rpe6HH 3a nopacr 
6H;taKa. X^iaAHHJHM Ba3AyxoM H3 niyMa h BOHH>aKa 
ocBeacaBajy ce npeKO AaHa poAHa no&a, a 06 hoh majty 
myMe h BOHHauH yceBHMa h CBHMa 6n^KaMa tohjihjh 
Ba3Ayx, Te hx TaKO nyBajy oa H3MpatH>aBaHa. 

3Ha ce Aa Tyqa (rpaA) naAa HaJBHiue 3a BpeMe 
rpM^baBHHe h KaA rpoM yAapn, Te je OTyAa cacBHM na 
cbom Mecry hito ce Bepyje, Aa ce Ha CTBapane Tyne 
TponiH h HeKa Ko^iHHHHa ejieKTpHHe. Kao toa hito rpo- 
Mo6paHH Ha KykaMa Epos CBOje HiHjLacTe BpxoBe nocTynno 
ncnyniTajy ejieKTpnny H3 seM&e h Tano cnpe*iaBajy yAa- 
paae rpoMa, jep ce hpothbhh e^eKTpni^HTeTH no^aKO 



KOPHCTIT OR BOHAKA 



ii.jM»'ii[;ijy : Mfio TaKo h uiyMCKo ApBeke u boLkc, cbojmm 

MHoroupojHiiM BpxoiiiiMa. ufiiyniTaj \ ikm'tyhho y Ba3Ayx 
.awi. l.mi e.i*'KT|>iiiurreT. w 3aT0 r^e HMa AOCTa h ao- 
opix myiia n BoLftaKa i ryua je irocBe pe^aK toct. 
3a Bpeiie rpnaBHHe Tpoma cti ii :;naTiia saairaHHa to- 
iliot€ ii. c rora bito to tea iiar.io, npmiapa ce Haivio 
(6Ha napa y i;aii.i>niu\ na to H3a3HBa He casio dyJHy 
ii jai;v kiiiiiv, Beh qecTO h npoBa^iy o&iaKa — 6ypy. 
I la n OBa je nojaiia peroa OH^e r^e HMa Aoopnx in y >i a 
h BotiH.aKa. 

liu.i.Ke jeAHHe iiory H3 MpTBe HeopraHCKe npnpoAe 
eraapaTi opraiKKa jeAHH,eH,a ? cnpaB^aTH xpaHy 3a jkhbo- 
tiih.o ii .Ly^e, Te c Tora, 4a hhjg tin^ao a c thm h 
Ko},aKa. SHBora&a lie 6h hh 6uao, jep ce He dn HMa^e 
me xjiainnu. A iipn.iHKOM ycBajaaa h npepaAe (acn- 
Mii.iaiinjt') yi\i,eHHKa H3 BasAyxa, Tponie bohkc join h 
:;naTnv kxihhhhv yivtenHKOBa ABOOKCHAa, na h thmo 

hbot; MBOTHfta h ^yAH, jep hh ^yAH hh jkh- 
p.ornii.t'. sao ihto je H03naTO, He 6h momh atHBeTH y 
aTMOc«M*pii sacibeHOJ pernor racon. 3aTO ce 3a 6njbKe 
11a 11 sa BohKe c npaBOM Be.iH a& ^HCTe Ba3Ayx. 

Bofcin* y CBOJbh tvcthm KpyHana CKpHBajy cTaHHiirra, 
• i.-juiBajy rHe3Aa mhothx THna Koje Hac ^ecTO 3aH0CH0 
•uiiijajv cbojom y.Mii.uioM necMOM h Koje Hair, TaMaiicliii 
■HOrotfpojHe 11 nrreTHe HHceKTe, noMa^y AaHanje CHryp- 
imja tfeptfa R6 eaio Boka Beh h MHornx Apyrnx dn^aKa. 
A K'a.i, nyi.iM' npoaeto, BoJiKe ce noHajnpe jaBe cbojhm 
.K'lNiM peTOBHMa, u BpeAna n^ejia BeL je Ty, a& ca 

H.HX \.;ur|..' |f,;i iiiliii :',;i 16 \ H BOCaK H A<\ HpOHOCOM 

perHora npaxa ia jeAHor pera y Apyni pot, omo- 

nl.H CTBapafte n.i < m,;i . 3*T0 r.ir 11 Ma Bohasa ma n 

10 n»i urn. 1 otipaTHO : Vflfl BOMB ii'ic.ia, BOMB 

hh BoLaita. 



10 BOftKE II ftOTvE 



Be^iHKe cy kophcth Koje HMano u.i, BoLaEa, na 
aaTO cy one m aro/uio MepH^o 3a ou,en> \ sasaB je ko 
it KiMMiro Bpe/j,H, je ae Bpe,a,aH evict .leHHBan, ! 

y iiauroj aoMOBHHH ycneBajy aotfpo CBe BpCTe bo- 
basa, na saio CBe gemse, Koje cy no^ecHe 3a EjATypy 
BokaEa, Ba.^a H>HMa ^a 3aca v p3io. Obo y tcictko npe, 
iiito ce y ^aHaniftHii npH.iHKaMa, mj\ ce 04 Kanirnua 
TpajKH h Mopa Tpa^HTH niTO BetiH HHrepec, H3HeEyje 11 

Belia npO^YKTHBHOCT 36MA6 H D1TO C6 daiH BOIiKC H3M6^y 

cbhx flCT^ana oMHKyjy iiaJBenoM CEpoMHomLy, jep y 
nor^ie^y npocropa, MecTa ct cHare ieiffAHHe, aicy 6o3Ha 
Kai.'aB npodnpaH, a npn tom unai; r i,ajy &pa3MepH0 Be- 
^mkct aoxo/uik. 

Bap He (m 6eao Kopucno, 0,1, mi ce boLec 11 y 
Hac no,a,HMe nope/i, nyTeBa, Ha yipHHaMa, Eoeajia 11 cbhmb 
necTHMa Koja racy 3a Ky.rrypy yeeBa 11 flpyrnx 1.7.1- 
Tyjiiiiix diiJ.aKa? Kojiheo je rpa, 1,1111a, ibiiBa, iiaiim.awa 
h dHBa^a, na KojuMa 6ct BotiKe aaBMe Bpjio BejiiEH 
r |oxo/viK? 3ap ce BoLapcTBO He <m motao eophcho cno- 
jiiTCT 11 c rajeaei BHHOBe .wse, nunc ht.u 11 3ap 
Bpe/T,nocT Taox sexaAa Be 6n 6em umrnio iwl.a ( 

3aTO, ct ihto cy in i ::iiaTiiii TpomsoBH qeo rajeaa 
BOhaKa saA hx ynope^HMO c Apynm oii.ki;m mm . 11 ihto 
cy c|je/i I H>CT aoxohh BotaEa Beta oa cpeAfcHX aoxoa&ko 
Apyrnx (fa-MBa, noTpeCnio je, r i,a y Hffrepeey gbqm 11 
y HHTepecy ne./ie seft&e CBaEO 3roAH0 itecTO na cbomc 
MMaiBy saca^HMO BoU*a,Ma. 

y CBHMa jeBponcKiiM ^eMAaMa, c naBe/jemix pa3- 
jiora, nooan,a ce BoiiapcTBy r iocTojiia naaraa, a iiapo- 
mhto oj\ ^eceTHiiy ro^nna, qa, Ka.ja cy ce Eao jai.'ii 
TaKMniiapii nojaBH./iCT AMepjmaiiii. YTaEHima BgMe^y CTa- 
pora cBeTa ct HOBor, noBpeHyaa je Ha OBaj nocao n hcrc 
ApataBe y JeBponn, Koje cy y BonapcTBy 6n^ie kya h 



KOPnCTH Oft TKVRAKA 1 1 

KaMO . sauna. u 1 . na to 6to HeKB 6jAe ii HaMa y na- 
\u-Tii 11 y tojihko BHUie, iiiTo je iiaiua flOMOBHHa \ 
TaKO hoboahhm ii})ii.iiiKa\ia. ,i,a Shcmo y yraKMiiun c 
iioluvM uii.iii ratopo iiajjaun Tai.vMiPiapn. ynpaBO — no- 

Ha ii'HMc ii join je,\na ii{)ii.nii;a romi nac ,i,a 
BotapcTBy o6paTMJio KHoro Bety iia'.Kii.y no 40 ca^a. 
5f CBiwa .wM.i.aMa. r.v je 3JiocpeiiHa MAOKcepa :;aT|>,ia 
BHHorpaAe 11 r.v cy bmitkh tpoiiikobh oko aacHHBaita 
Hoiuix BiHorpaAa aMepi^KOM aosom, npnoeivio ce Botap- 
eray, 11a n\,\. y necTO &a npoi3BOAe bhho, npoH3BOAe 
jauyKoBa'iy 11 npepa^yjy Bote. 3e.M.i>;i. i;oja (Seme no^ 
BHHorpaAma, ynoTpetfAeHa je o/uiax sa rajeite Bofyafta, 
11 EopiCT je, Sena cyme, hcto TaKO Be&HKa. 

,l,'>i'a,i,aiiiH,a 6i ce iieopnra nama 3a rajeH>e oo.i.eia 
BoLa H .iai-iinuatt,e BotiitaKa .uor.ia je^HHO iipau,i,aTn Time. 
nm» je y nar flocra 11a 11 up.io jobthho cupoBO Bote 
ii|m'.m;i Apyrra KpajeBHMa, a napowro un.\ nof.i;e aotfpo 
. 11 nrro cmo iiaiuii;nyTu. &a ce oho npojjaje eaMO 
sao CBexe, eipoBO^ He 3Hajy ce ^aoe pa:>,iin iianiiini 
iiprpa.v latlia. mi aaTO je y iiaiiiii.M Tipn.im;;nm. ko.uiko 
:!Iia ( iajllo ,l,a 3HaM0 KO/KO re eofitce ffoj/UK// KOO WTO 
Ijirnti. TOAHKO HCTO Ulia'iajlIO fla 3HRMO W Hit KQQU Ct 
mi'iim o<~,} it Did <;o/ir Mootce uaJKoptccHuje yUGTpe&UTU. 

CyBe iii.i.ni'.e 11 ni.uiBoiuina. flauae npepaljeii od/LHS 
ob€ boLko, oii.if cy 11 ocrale .\ia.\um, ,i,a ce ui.i.in;r \ 

la't.oj \|»'|in rn jr. ;i to je ftOBOAaH 3HaK. flfl oil ce II 

ocra.ioM iimiimvm p.oliV iipoii::i;o f i,ii,a ::naTiio noe.elia.ia, \n\,\ 

tin yiioT[M'u;i fceroBa po^a on.ia pasHOBperaqa, Beta. 

3aTO, ,i,a C6 iijiiii lia|io,i, HOKpeiie ,i,a oi'.y l!pUHpe,i,ny 
ipain into j;i'M* ii(nir|i.iii. ,i,v'.i;iioct je noiiajiipe ,i,p;i;ai;e: 
.in neuocpe^uUM n uocpe^nuM uyTeeuMa tmipuadpae 
uojaM <> eofia u ,ni n/H >;<> cupeMnux Jbyftu yuu 



12 BOTIKE H BOUE 



uaporf o eajbanoM ao^iuaiby ooHana u o pasmepmoj 
yuoTpe6u eoKa. 

H 3aciiHBaite noBeLnx pacaAHHKa h BotiRsaKa 04 
crpane ApataBe, OKpyra, cpe30Ba, onniTHHa h MaHacTHpa 
c TaiiHM aa/^aTKOM 6h.io 6h oa HeoueiteHe kophcth, jep 
6r OKO^iHHa, yMe/i,ajytiH ce Ha OBe pa/j,OBe, nperHy^a 
h caMa Ha Taj nocao, a Time 6h ce 6e3 cyMH>e h CBaKH 
yTBp^HO y MHHWbeity ja je oea zpana 36uJba u mhozo 
SHma/jua u mhozo uopucua. 







111 

KOJHX MATEPHJA HMA Y BCRKH 



1 1 |M* IHTo .111 II|)U(TV1II1M(> IHKJIIHlMH.y II B63B h<»- 

kaica, in>t|h'oiio je ,i;< ce 6ap y iviaBHOMe ynosHaHQ e 

M;n»'|ill.j;lM;i Ofl KOJHX Ce BoliKil CaCTOJH, jep caMO <»,T, 

Aotfpoi nosHaBa&a OTBapa 3aBHCB h Ao6ap |>a r i,. He- 
.jiiiin.t' je s&Hcra iiaJBeliii BenpijaTeA cBera, na n oae 
BpHBpeAHe ijiaHe, jep 3<5or ff>era, y GBaKOJ '<m\jbi&, na w 
y aac, ma racytaMa ffepoflHHX, 6o.iecHHx h pfyaBo pa8- 
bhjchhx BotaKa. 

Botaa je skbi CTBop, jap mnie HsceMeHa, ;i xpaHi 

<••• II pa3Blja |>;i::.1U'lnnw OpraHHMa, <>A KOJHX CBaKB 3a 

ce i;|uiim cboj oocao, Da 3aTO e cBaEH, kojh xoke xa 
imumh i:v.iT\{M)M BohaKa, rpetfa npexo^HO Aa no- 

BHaje iit*.i«» rpaAHBO Bolasa n paA&y cBaKor m\ opraHa. 
o .;n;i. vase ce bc&kb im Iiii na iu'ijoah, Moace je 

r;i'l\M:iTH <M, Ilj)t'|',|M'M»'||c I'MpTH. 

/la o.i. Botasa Exaxo saJBehe Ropicrc, noipeteo 

je aapaBHo i.i bh&xo, wuto ceBotoa noAHxe, aaKOJe 

in ii h;i sojfl ce mi wmi nose ao(Jhtb iiaj- 

jiennui h aaJEpynraja |mm. Tone Be Tpetfa nHoro ao- 

' 10AH0 n CaMO H6K0AHK0 llpmicpa. 



14 BOUKE II BOUE 



ycnex iij)itc;tl)iiBatf,a (HaBpTaaa) gaBHCH, Kao iuto je 
H03HaT0, <> r i, Kpyateaa xpaue, cokoim; a x& omcmo yui.in 
y obv Tajiiy, Ba.i>a upe Tora ,a,a 3Haiio: rpafyy BotKe, 
Kako ce xpaHH m ™ie xpara m Kauo pacre, 

r J,a BotiKy Ba.taHo opeateiio, noTpedHO je 4a amiMo : 
04 RaKBpr cy 3iia<iaja nyuo.mH, KaKo ce CTBapajy ua 

BOM MeCTy, 3aTHM K0.1HK0 Ha BOhBM Tpefia OCTaBllTH 

poAiinx nyno.LaKa, a ko^hko ws kojmx he ce pa3BMTH 
M.iaAapM a ca OBioia m .le'ropacTM h rpaHe, y kojmm 
iipiLiMKaMa Tpe6a peaaTM Kpake, y kojmm ^y^e ht/l 

BoJiKa Kao h ocra^e 6in>Ke upue MHory xpaiiy 11:; 
3CM.Le, 11a je aa'ro, #1 oa H>e HMaMO Ba.Laiie KopncTH, 
iio r rpe6HO /j,a, npe npecafyiiBaiba BokiKa, TaKo iipimpe- 
mhmo .muiy, KaKo he BofiKa uohii OflHCTa Kao iuto Tpe6a 
iianpeAOBaTM, a aKO ce one r r seM&a hchocth, ,\n joj 11a- 
AOKiia^iiMo MaxepHJe Koje je BOhKa yTpouioa. Iia Kako 
keMo 3eM.LM HaKHa^HTH noTpediie uaTepMJe, aKO mx ne 
6y,a,eM0 no3HaBa^H? 

y BOhKH Hiia Bp^io pa3./lH l IHMX Jia'repflrja, h, aiu) 
ux 1136.nr/Ke yo™io, ca3HaheM0 4a cy to r re.ia, je^tmewi 
cjioateHa oa ochobhhx npocrax Te^ia iaau eMMeuaTa. 
Bpoj thx 're^ia mije Be^HKH, na 3aT0 je 11 11a cbom 
MecTy ^a hx cnoMeHe.uo. 

BohKe Kao h Apyre 6H.Me iniajy ,u'»ojai;iix maTe- 
piija : MopzaMKux h opzanctcux. flpBe HaTepirje lie 
Morv earopera, Te 3aT0 ocTany Kao neneo, na ce c Tora 
11 3obv necazopJbUGu hae MtmepaMW cacrojbyu 
aeueo. A A\mv caropeBajy, Te ce 3a r ro 30By join 11 
cazopjbu on cacToj u, u . 

y ueuejiy je : Ka^iHJe, liaTpwje, Ka^upje, Marae- 
3uje, cyainop, «poco»op, cirjuripje, rBoatfye u uauraii. Ma- 
Tepaje ce OBe ne na^a3e npocre, Beti cy yje,pH>eHe 
(cnojeHe) c Apyrioi e^eieHTHMa. Obex Ma'repuja, npeiia 



MATEPHJE V BO-RKH 15 



opraHCKHM, u.Ma nocBe Ma.io. Tano mip. \u\ r \ ce cnaAH 
cupieBO ApBO TemKO 50 Krp.. Aotfroa ce cano 125 rpaiia 
Miiii*'j»a.iiiiix KftTepija, a omuiix cy 49 Krp. it 875 
rpana - opraHCKe HaTepige! 

OpiaHCtce ce Marepuje cacroje <u KaAor tfpoja 
npocTix rr.ia : S0K6 QA yi'.i.eiinKa, KEceoHHKa m boac- 
miua (yr.i.eiui KHApara), a iickc <m yr.i.tMimra, BOAeiiMKa, 
KlceOHHKa 11 a.tora (tViaii'H'iiinu 1 ). IIo kojii nyr cy c 
ii.ii m a y jeAEH>6H>y join n mi nop n •ocaop. 

II yr.M'iiiiK. n KHCeOHHK, u W>A6BJffi ii a:iOT, ira.T, 
i'\ .;;i ce, na.ia.a- C6 KM racOBH, na.uyimia Tela : a.lii, 
y B3B6CHHH jt'AiiH.cn.iiMa, (Mm upaiie Te i me n qspcTe 
laTepHJe i, otfpaTHO, n.^p.ajajy ce is h»hx, hiij). i;aA 
ce MaTt'j.uja ciia.in. 

« N OpraHCKHl Tt'.lii. KOJHX ll.Ma y BotiKaMa, uaj- 
r.i;ii;iinja cj una : 

H'jf/.m.ni. I\i;i I5I1H je cacTOJaK lit'.iiiMiie oime, a 
'Mu;i;ni;i je Ofl yiVbOHHEa, iio,vmiiik;i ii i;iic(MMiiii;a. \i\i,\ 
je \ M.ia,i,in[ litMinunia. <m,i,a je B6XH8 n Mciraiia; a 
ic.i.i. je y CTapHJHM \i<Mi.a ce, tj. ra^a je ApiaMiarra 
ii. in n.i\TaHa. Donrro hc.nma ana j cbhm TKa&HMa, mm 
ii iit*.i\.iu.;r \ cBHMa Holii.-iimiM opraiuma tj. y sopeHy, 
KOpi, ,l<''».i\. rj»;iiia\ia. .iiiiniiv. iiyiio.i,n,iiMa ii po^y. 

GtcpoG (cifpouMH. iiiTiipai;). Ilacuiraii j<> y pa3HHM 
Mii.i.Hini .v-K'iunia y ou.uiiry Ma.mx :ipiiaiiian,;i pa:;.uiw- 
HOra H.:r.if.i.;i. i! Ta.vi ce iiorMaTpaii KHKpOCKOnOM .lai.'o 

onaxa. Una pa saJBinne j Kecreay. BaJBaatHHJH je ca- 
erojaB 3a cTBapaae naxepHJa. [to xeMBgcKou cacTaBy 
'•.iipiaii je c ii'Mv.iH.i(»\i. QrBapa ce. y li»'.imi;i\ia (y npo- 

Tmii.i;i.;mi!) v.: iipniioMol, .\.K>po«i'ii.i ii ii \ .ipnaiia (on. l, nor 

.:«'.it'iiif.ia) ii urro ce He yTponui aa ppafyy Iicimmiic onHe 

I .l|)vni\ ii,<'iiii\ i,.mi»i;;i. paSHOCH •'<' H p;i::.im;;i \ K3B6CH0 

-nil y uapowra oiTiiiiiiniTii (peaepBoape) 



16 RO-RKE II BOTvE 



Hiip. y ceMe, 3a^e(>jLaH Kopeii, Eopy, 6aKy.LV hta., na 
OAaB^e c npo.ieha cayaui Kao 6oraTH iaTepsjaji oo- 
ii;iu.],aif,y 7 CTBapaity h pacimy hobhx 6hahhx A&iOBa. 
Ta^a ce pacTBopn y coKOBHMa, KaA obh KpeHy ; tom 
npH^iHKOM Kpyatu CKpo6 no 6hahom opranH3My pa^B 
CTBapaaa, pacTeita h odHaB.i>aH>a hobhx he-ona. 

IHeKep. OBaj je HaBeK y pacxBopy; .laito ra jo 
H03HaTH KaA ce je^e imp. h^oa Tpeniaita, Kpyiuai.a u 
ocTa^ior BOha, jep ciacr AO.ia3H oa metepa. IIpeBHpaHoCM 
npeTBapa ce y a^iKOXo^ h yivteHHKOB abookcha, na je 
3aT0 h MoryiiHO, && ce oa Bolia roxoBe pa3.iH*nia a.iKo- 

XOJlCKa HHha. 

TyMa (to^Ha ciyseBHHa). TaKofye je y pacTBopy, 
a KaA AO^e y AOA^p c Ba3AyxoM, KaA ce H3 bohkc H3- 
jinje, OHBpcne y ry>iy h.ih oro^iy. 

Macua yjbti. OBa cy y Botiy h.ih Kao yjbe (y 
opaxa it .leiiiiiHKa) h.ih Kao BouiTana npeiuaKa ueueJban 
(na niAHBana, KajcnjaMa hta.)- 

ETti/pcna yjba. Oa h>hx HBeKy, n Apynni oiu.no 

AClOBHMa, AO^a3H MHpHC. 

Pa3ue 6uJbH6 KiicejiiiHt. Onaaiajy ce HajdaKine 
y n^OAy, nnp. koa BHiuama, khcc/lhx jauyira, 3e.iniii\ 
opaxa hta. 

JJoje. H3Met)y obhx liaJBaamnJH je XAopoc/hiA n.iii 
Cyiubuo 3ejieuujio, kojhm ce spacfl .iniuhe h 3e.ieHH ,\e- 
.iobh, h Koje 3a jehbot 6H&aKa a c thm h BOhana HMa 
Be^iHKa 3Haqaja. 

A30Tue MdTepitje. y OBe ce y6pajajy 6ejiameeuHe. 
H)HX HMa MHoro BHme y ApyrHM (te^KaMa, Hero An y 
Bony ; &ae hx h y OBOMe HMa nnaK to^ihko, ko^ihko je 
HOTpedHO. OBe cy MaTepnje, Kao hito je no3HaTO, no- 
TpeCtee Kao h yo>eHH'nni XHflpaTH 3a Moxpany .i.yAH h 

3KHBOTHH>a. 



MATEPHJE y B0*RKI1 1 7 



Y boLkh HMa jom n eas^yxa n eo^e. Bct3Ayx 
tenia oa KnceomiKa n a30Ta, n h>hmg ce ncnyH>aBajy 
cbd MefyynpocropH y boJikh. A eo^a je jeAmteite kh- 
ceoHHKa c BO^eHnKOM. .Ohr je iviaBHH cacTOJaK 'reranx 
M.iTtjiiija Kojn.Ma cy HcnyaeHH cbh jkhbh a^obh BoliKe; 
h,v KopeH HenpecTaHO ycnnie 113 aeiMbe na Kpo3 (Shaho 
tmo KpyxHj je^HO 3aTO ihto KopeH HenpecTaHO ycncaBa 
HOBe h HOBe Ko^H^HHe BOAe, a Apyro c Tora bito ce 
B3BecHa KO.ifltiHHa Bo^eHe nape jiy*ra H3 6ejleot opra- 
miiMa y Ba3^yx. J 3e.i>acTHM hnubJima, HMa je Ha 
SO— 90°/ o , a koa BokaKa je HaJBHme y n^io^y. TaKO 
imp. y 100 rpana sasBe Kpynrce pa^yma ce ^a y cpe^y 
[iy i:y HMa 6 '45 rpaaia mehepa, 3*17 ryme, 3*80 ue- 
jiy^03e, 0*08 6n.kHora ^aqesla^ h tojmko (fejiaHtie- 
BHne, 0*11 ja6y*rae Knce.iHHe h 0*03 Kajinja a 86*28 
rp&ia BOAe. 

E^eiieHTe 3a cnpaB^aite opraHCKHX jiaTepnja y3Hma 
r.oliKa oa ^ecTH H3 Ba3Ayxa a oa ^ecra H3 3eM^,e, na 

tiim sao neayjioaa, cKpod hta. jaBjtajy y cainoj 
boLkh. HanpoTHB MHHepa^He MaTepnje n,pne BOhKa je- 
AiHO ii-; :'»»'M.i.e Ha kojoj pacre, Te je 3aT0 ocofmmi aear&e 
OA nocBe Be^HKor 3Hanaja 3a nopacT BokaKa. 



*-**-&. 






IY 
mik I OPfAHH BOTiAKA 



1. Tpa^a BOkaica 

KaA o KHKBOJ Kyiifl ;fte.iHMO ca3HaTH cbc, neJie 
naM (5hth aoboaho Aa na H»oj pa3MoxpHMo caMO npo- 
3ope, BpaTa, KpoB h 3ha, BeL ^a bhahmo h pacnopeA 
h,6hhx upocTopa hta. KaA ce ateAHMO yno3HaTH jkh- 
botom, xpaH,eH>eM h neroM KaKBe atHBOTHite KaA je 3ApaBa 
h 6o^ecHa, HOTpeCmo je a& 3Haiiio h H,eHy yHyrpaimby 
rpai>y, tj. BpeAHOCT h A^aite H,eHHx opraHa h ca- 
CTaBHHX Ae^ioBa. Ila 3aTO h KaA koa BOhaKa npoy^HMO 
h>hxob6 yHyTpam&e ocodHHe, MO^eMO oueHHTH h 3Ha^aj 
h>hxobhx opraHa (KopeHa, CTaChia, AHmka hta.) no 
h>hxob atHBOT, a c thm noAecHTH h npaBy Hery Kojy 

OHH H3HCKyjy. 

/l,a ohcmo ca3HajiH KaKBa je rpa^a BokaKa, ao- 
boaho je aKO y3MeMO h caiao MajymaH ^e^ah oa Kopesa, 
CTa6.ia hah AHCTa, na ra hocmotphmo Kpo3 CTaKAO Koje 
jano yBenaBa — mhkpockoh. TaAa ce bhah, A a c y Ha 
tom A^Hty mhohitbo CHhaHHx Te.ia. Ta cy mia: &e- 
jwie, Kejumnq, TK<m>a } cy^oeu u nanajvu. 



rrvr.v n urruni 



19 



V Ke.iumi <c CTBapajy GBesouurae Maiepnje Koje 
wyxe nii.hKa.Ma ::a xpany. Te cy Marepuje: 

X.i<>/xn/i/fj}((i 3pHW- 0(UO*eHla CJ UaiUHKOM 04, 

SMeee tfoje, xAopoHAOM, Koja ce crapa y oh.lijm uoa 

VTiiuajrM CB6T40CTI. .V:; rapa.UM x.lopo<Ml.lHHX apHaija, 




Cl. 1. T.r.lHUr. 



GBffMOCTl HTOEAOT6 uplil 11 C6] lii'.niujiva HpH'lwipHiM' B60p- 

rani'i;n.\ laTepjga y opjraHCKa jeAifte&a, Koja cj noTpetfHa 

.:;i ;kmi'.h| oH.i.aKa n ::;i rri'.apaii,*' HOBHX oh.i.hhx JlfiAOVl. 
('/;/><»'. CTBapi 66 ii.:\i»'1,\ CBHX uaT»>|inja y liaj- 
Btboj i;«>.ii!'miiM. QoCTSJfl \ I iiii;ij«vm \.io|k..|>u.iiih.\ :ipiiaii,a, 
IOCTB n Tnll.l 

2* 



20 



BO-RKE H BOUE 



IIIeKep. PacTBopeH je y keAB^HOM cony, a Hapo- 
qMTO ra HMa Aocra y coqHBM n^OAOBBMa. 

y he^BUS f Ha c/lhuh 1 03HaqeHa cy 3pHua 
CKpotfa, ineLepa h Apyrflx Te.ia, a y ke.iBHB g 03Ha- 
ueHa cy cnnma bab odojeHa 3pHHa, HaciaraHa y3 ke- 
jiMqiiy oray. 

TyMa. PacTBopeHa je y te^B^HOM coKy hah y 
npocropy B3Mel>y ke-iBna, y kom ciynajy nocraje oa 
paciBopeHHX tejummx onaHa. 

Mama yjba. Ha.ia3e ce Kao Kam/Lnne y ke.ia<moM 
coKy, a Hapowro y ceaieiby. 

Cmom. IIocTajy oa npoMeiteHe ke./iH<ffi6 oime hjib 
oa cirpotfa, a na.ia3e ce y HaHa-mia vsm\fl keanna. 

Erapcua yjba. Una ax y te^mana b y npocTopy 
M3Mel^y kejiBHa. 

Munepajiue MaTepuje. J kejumaMa h n Jc 03Ha- 
qeHa cy Haciaraita Kpe^HHKa, 6e.iyTKa h Apyrnx MBHe- 
pa^Hnx MaTepaja, Koje cy qedo h npaBB^Hor o6.iHKa. 

2. OpraHK Bokaica 

H aKO ce cbb opraira BokaKa b h>bxobb a^obb 
cacroje oa keABqHor TKBBa, BnaK ce no cbom o6.MKy 
b no CBOJoj 3aAatiB pa3.iBKyjy Ha : opzaue 3a xpan>etbe 
(KopeH, CTafoo h ABmLe) b opzaue sa pasMuoofcaeane 
(HBeT b ilaoa). 

KopeH. KopeH ce pa3BHJa B3 ceMeHOBe OHue, 
KopemuRa. Oa CTafoa ce pa3.iBKyje Time, uito (Jeata 
oa CBeMOCTB, niTO pacie y hpothbhom npaBijy, tj. Ha 
naa&e, uito My je noKoatana 6e3 CTOMa (oAymaKa) b hito 
y kopbhbm Ke^iBnaMa neMa x.ioj>o«i>h./ihbx 3pHaua. Sa^ata 
My je : Aa BoiiKy y^BpcTB 3a 36MAJ b Aa cbojbm ata-iaMa 
y3Me B3 3eMJbe HeopraHcity xpaHy h OBy npeAa CTafay. 



rpAtA n oprAHn 21 



Ha KOpftHj C6 |>a:uni;YJy: rpowna ear epeTeHtt- 
■h a. in. caopejne otcujie it Kopenoee AAane (ch- 
••a.uiur. H.iacHime 11.111 Koiniacre 'meaq). 

Cpotcna .mi'jii \\j\e npaBO y 3Mi.i>y h H3 H>e hs- 
tfijajy cnopeAHe siue h qecro ce rpfiHa. Y Kpyniana 
rptaS 66 MHoro na&e Hero y ocTajiax BoKaKa, a y 
BetiHHe Bokasa inoHJaae cnope^HHx aiua 6iBa necTO 
y roJuncoj vepn, Aa ce cpiKHa atn^a h je^Ba pacnomaje, 
jep je obg sue upereKJiy y nopaciy. 3a^alia je cpatHoj 
BUI, ah npoAHpan.e3i y Ay&te caojeBe seMAHHe boIiky 
3a 3eMjiy eito tfo.te ytbpah, a cnopeAHZM atHJiaMa, 4a 
DpMMJ nafuy xpany. Kojy cy H3 3eM&e npntfaBiL/ie 
KopeHOBe A-iane. 3aTO BoiiKe, Koje HMajy y H30(k/Ly h 
J6AHHI b Apyria ula&, HanpeAyjy Kao iuto Tpe6a, na- 
paBHO aKo y ciojeBHMa 36M&e, r^e ce npocrapy Kope- 
HOBe MaKe, nna aobo.lho xpaHe y pacTBopy. Ako je 
y BokKe cpatHa ran-ia c m&ao cnope^irax maa, mojkg 
Mm Aa ffiH.ie npoApy y c^ioj 3eM^e kojh bo&kb 
se lose iipvsHTH noTpefay xpaHy, mh Aa y^apn Ha 
K&M6HIT Rioj, ear HaJ3aA Aa Han^e Ha cyBHiue B^aatan 
CAOJj T€ '»iy,i;i. iioihto He>ia noroAatfa 3a mbot (jep 
y upBOH 1 ijiyroM cayqajy H6Ma xpaHe, a y noc./ieAH>eM 
npe|j XHJie y Tpy^eite), Mopa Aa Kyita, na napaBiio 
1 npe Bpeieiu m ynrae. Bohap je saro no3BaH, Aa 
M 6B*kj boLkj cnpeia ■ noAecHo seMAHnrre, h Aa ce 
ipa, a> *J , ''' Botaa h saso ua.i.a sa seM&j y?Bp- 
cti; A.y.wdn je ^aoe, Aa h pa3imjan,e Eiwa y boLk6 

TOKO, i;;ii;i) !,«• \iy b<i}.i;;i iiajoo.U 1 iimii|hvio|{MTII, 

na e m i nqtfo&e Kopicrara. 

5b ce cnope^He acme none upohsboctb y Befcoj 

Mf'pll. IlDlpeniK, je. l;i ce rp'.KHJI >i; If. 1 M IIOCTV INK) YK.lHH.a, 

aspafcyje, Aa 5a ce Taxo saiieAeHe Kaie iionae pa3BH- 

jjih 38 ii. • ii |»;ci\ii. 1';i,i,ii T<>ra. Tpetia <|»;i;ny atiuy chp.i- 



22 ROTtKR II feOTvtt 



thth BeiiHM aciom joni y ,^o6a, Ka^ ce BofeKa npeca^yje 

H3 ('('.MCITHIHTM ) r paCTH.10, 1KI WITHM H Hpil CBaKOM ,\ii- 

AeM npecafyi Baity, Tano ,i,a y Ao6a, Ka r ^ ce npeca^yje 
na CTa.iHo MecTo, cpama atfLia 6y#e MaH>e pa3BJijeHa o& 
cuope^mix amia. Ha OBaj Ha*niH nponiBe^eHe cnope^He 
aui.ie, ^onraBuiH y po^an cioj seiL&e, pasBiifee ce join 
6o^be, Te fee morh /T,a h BofeKy 3a seMJby KaKO Ba^E>a 
y^BpcTe; a c Tora, hito hx ima y h3o6h^.y, BofeKa fee 
4o6nBaTH CBana^ h noTpeoHy xpaHy, r re fee 3aT0 h Ha- 
npe^oBaTH Kao hito Tpe6a. Ea r ^ ce OBano ope3yje cpama 
atH.ia KpyinaKa, OH^a oHa Moace Ba&aHO Hanpe^OBaTH h 
Ha 3eM^bH ko/i, Koje je B.iaavan caoj Befe y Ay6HHH o/i, 
90 cm.; HHane, ano ce to He 6n ypa^HAO, xaKBe {cpynnce 
Mopa^ie 6h uponacTH. IIpoH3Bo^eH.e cnope&HHX jKii.ia. y 
Befeoj Mepa, nocTnate ce 3miTHO 11 pacat>HBaH>eM se.&a- 
cthx BofeKHHa (nHKHpafteM) Ha BefeeM pacTOJa&y. 

BacKO.iHKy xpany m 3eM.te npHMa Bofeo nope- 
uoeuM ftmnaMa, Koje ce pa3BHjajy HajBefemi waqm hr 
CTapnJHM Hapowro cnopeAHHM maaMa. 

Ilpn nopamfeHBaH>y /Kiua, M.ia,i,e ataie npoAspy y 
3enjby CBe BHHie h BHiue, a crapnje /lofiiiBajy iioctviiho 
aaTBopeHHJy 6ojy, c Tora hito BsnxoBe fee.iHii,e Baflea&a- 
Bajy Ha noBpuiHHH, na h on„iyTaBe. MeljyTHM, CTape jkhj.6 
s^pBeHe ce cacBHM, Te 3aTO OHe, Kao n XHAe c iuyTaBiiM 
fee.MHaMa, He Mory y3eTH H3 3eM.zbe HHKaKBy Ma r repiijy, 
xpaHy. — 3aTO ycncaBaite xpaHe Bpme je^imo KopeHOBe 
4.iaKe, Koje cy 36or Tora CBaKa^ corae, jep cy ncnyiteHe 
pacTBopeHOM xpaHOM, n Koje ce s6or Tora ,iaKO ncyine 
a ynray, aKO ce ne o^pataBajy B.iaame. To je yspoK, nrro 
ce no Kojn nyT ocyniH h noTomzbeHa BofeKa y bo^h, aKo 
ca atn.iaMa HHcy 6iLie noTon.LeHe n KopenoBe r ^iaKe, 11 
o6paTHO, ^a ce o^pam y CBeateM CTaity. Ka^ cy n cnca- 
„iHH,'e noTon^BeHe, jep OHe y3HMajy Bo^y, a c thm h xpaHy. 
y ocTa.ioM, npeca^eHa BofeKa npnMa npiLiHHHy Kojureuny 
Bo^e h Ha MecTHMa r^e cy aw.ie npeicpafeeHe. 

Ka,a, c jeceHH 3ax.iaAHH, npecTaHe nopanifeHBaifce 
KopeHOBnx ^iiaKa, onHa hm 3a.4e6.fta 11 MHore ce cacyme ; 
c Tora y to ,a,o6a ycHcaBajy cano no HeuiTO xpaHe, neny 



rPAHA II OPrAHU 



n 



6y4e nocieAHna, re m BereranHja (nopacT) cacBHM npe- 
crane, na saTO y roue BpeMeHy, r viK.ie 0,1, jeceira 4,0 
upo.ifha. Ka.vi Bofcse KHpyjy, Tpe6a h npe,a,y3eTii npe- 
ca^HBaae (cajje&e) Bohasa, jep noBpe^HBaae KopenoBiix 
.viawa. Koje je 11 OHaKO H6H36e3KH0, 11 BcynmBaBe nai- 
XOB€ nunc Hiijc ra,i,a 04 rano oinua yTHnaja ua upii.Man.c 
npeca^ese Botae. CtaapHJe 3£pBeH>eHe aoue n.\iajy t\ 
not, .ia H3 imix y la'hoj ji.111 y Maaoj Mepii Tepajy n- 
.iiinc 11a BOJHMa nocTajy KopeHOBe ,/^iaKe (na h 0H,a,a, 
ka,\ BHine r T,ana iiHcy nn.10 noKpHBeHe, h Ka^ cy 3a BHine 

IKMCha nll.H' II ca.Mo HaXOBHHOM OMOTailo), II OBO CllBa 

y toihko Behoj Mcpn. y ko.iiiko je no^ecHnje CTaH>e B.iare 
n y ko.iiiko y seMJbfl u.Ma BHine paCTBOpeHe xpane. Ho 
Tumi 1 . 11 aSO CJ KOpeHOBe f i,.iaK(' jeftHHH oprami Kujii 
BOliKH )ipiioaiu>ajy no,i,y 11 y BO£H paCTBOpeHy xpaHy, 
OHe <•(' imaK 11 p it upeca^HBaay y HaBe rA eHO 406a He mo- 
pajy raKo onrrpo mviuitii. jep ce one y obo flooa n iniaqe 
iiopajy noBpeAHTH, a n one, Koje cy cacBHM 3£paBe, ca- 
i-yiimhc ce rako^e, to sacKopo no npeca^HBa&y. 3aT0, 
4a mi ce iiojanu.io HOB6 Kopeiroue .viaKe v ,iobo.i>hoj 
Ko.UIMIiHII. llOTpenHo je. ,l,a ('<> rrapnjr atftie iiito 1011110 
cKparc jep Ta r i,a iiaoiijajy none a.n. 1 nn,c. a na OBHMa 
KOpeHOBe .tiawe nnio.i, aacciciic nnitpiimiie 11 n:\i\iv r \ H>e, 

j huiiKo BHine, y ko.iiiko ce BHine cKpaTe CTape ;kh.i<>. 
Ily sopeeoBe Aiase, a ca OBHMa h ocia^e 3K,H^e, 

iwipajy G8 caMO n:i CTapHJHM SHJlAHa, Beli y 110- 
BOAHH1 IIpii.im:a\ia inonjajy 11 ua uinoiiMijni AeTOpa- 
CTHMa I 13 Iio.i.aiiai,-;!, ;i \;n\ TOKOr oii.i.a in rn Hume 11 
n.: .ihiiiIiji \:n,\ r« lHioie (napownTo peka) iickiiu 

amok sapoHi y BjiasHj aeif&y. Ha obomc ocHHBa ce 
paaiHojuiBaflbe Bobasa noAoxHHn.aMa, aarpTa&ei a ira- 

^ailllMMM. 

ia ce, l.i rate sasBe Botae yKyjrao yaere 04- 
roBapaj] ipymi re Bohse. Ory^a ce, noAOOpd pa&BHJeHoj 
ivpymi icaKBe Bohice, nose aajL&yurH, iac] j TeBotoe 

MMif ,i,ooj)o n *aie, 11 oopaTHo, K04 ohhx Botana, 

i:p\ny. HHCy hm UU6 p;i:unijeHe Kao 



24 BOUKE H BOTtE 



iuto Tpe6a. — y Hac ce Ha MHorHM MecTHMa Kaace 
3a BotKy Koja HMa .leno pa3BHJeHe 'meaq: „HMa ^.en 
npaH^yc". 

0Ta6^io. Ora6.io je Ha^3eMHH /j,eo BOhKe, a nme 
h pa3BHja ce Kao h KopeH H3 ceneHOBe oime, na aok 
je M^a^o h HeatHO 30Be ce CTa6ame; 3aBpmeH0 je f re- 
MeHnii nyno^LKOM, uepu,eM, e pa3BHJaH>esi OBora craCLio 
pacTe y BHCHHy. Oa uopeHa pasjiHKyje ce thmo, bito 
Tpajtn CBeTJiocT h bito hoch nyno^Ke, jHnnte, HBeT h 
il/loa (poa). 

KaA ce CTa6.io npeicpaTn, OH^a ce Ha H>eMy bctao : 
cpotc, Apeo, anna h nopa. 

a). Cpotc, cpu eae cpv,e (ci. 2 M). To je yHy- 
TpaniH»H j\eo ocHOBHora TKHBa; y iLia/px Ae.iOBa je comia, 
y CTapHJHx fl,eAOBdi, HecTaHe y Be.iHHaMa co^mora ca^pataja 
e onHa hm ce 3ApBeHH. y cpatH M^a^Hx {k&aKa je ocTa- 
BHBiTe cKpotfa, kojh je HOTpe6aH 3a nopacT (SaTbaKa y 

HOBOJ TO j\ERE, T6 je 3aTO Cpffi OBHM 6n/LKaMa 11 Bj).10 

ncrpedaa; Me^yTHM y Aefaiy e CTapnJHM rpaHaMa cps 
Hena HHKaKBa 3Haqaja, na c Tora koa h>hx Moace n ca- 
cbhm ^a je HeMa — Hnp. y inyn^er AP^ta. 

6). /Ipso (ci. 2 H). Ca*iHH>aBa r-iaBHy Macy y 
cra(>./Ly, HMa A Ba caoja: jejpaty eae cpueeuuy e 6a- 
nyjby eae 6jeA. 

JeApau, (cp^eBHHa) je ^Bpnihe apbo 3aTBopeHHJe 
6oje ; cacTOJH ce oa HajcTapnjer ncaaa, y Koje cy ce 
HOTnyHO 3ApBeHH^iH 3HA0BH ke-inna h cy^OBa h aw 

BOhKH CaMO ^BpCTHHy H KpyTOftJ (CTa()H.aHOCT). y H3- 

BecHor 6n^a jeApan; je npoateT pa3HHM 6ojeHHM e mh- 
HepaAHHM MaTepnjaMa. 

Banyjba (tfjeji) je Meme Apso OTBopeHHJe doje, 
Bp^io je 3HaTHa, jep ce Kpo-3 H>y ne&e y jinnihe Hesro- 
TOBJteHa xpaHa. y Be&HHe BotaKa, oa npn^iHKe neTe eae 



TPAT.A n oprAnn 



•25 



mecTe regime, 6aKy^a ce 3 r ;pBeHH noTnyHO, tj. npe- 
raepi ce y je^pav, (ep^eBray). § 

b). Anna (e.i. 2 B). Ha.ia3H ce H3MeI)y tfaKy.i.e 
ii Kope. II.mu ABa \\\\w : Tepffu jj Memau. MeKB fleo 



<m 






f fir 







m 



11 


























-$ 












s 






j-jy 














I loipeiHi ipeces; II y.-uyxnu upeceit; III apBo, c Kojer 
m tops; .M cps, II APbo, B rata, Rsopa, .1 roAHimH 

epXHB Tp;ui,H, (J KiiMony.M (leiiepUTHHiiit CJioj). 



spaojc BasaH, jep no ((nip pasHOGH 3totoba6hj xpaHy. 
CaojeBi juse nope^aHB cj otfpaTHO npeMa caojeBraa ,i,p- 

'!»!;•• I ;i -v n;ij\i.i;il,ii i,»\ioi;ii <iio.l„'iiiiiiH, a 
IUM BanpOTIB \n\Tf»ainii,u. 



"2G BOtvKE II BOTtfi 



CuaKe roAHHe nocrajy hob cioj .imkc h hob c/ioj 
Apae'ra, ua oa caoja ApBeHor, hito ce CTBapa CBaKe ro- 
AHne, nocTaje zodiiwmi upcTen eak Aero (ca. 2 J). 

Mefya, Koja ce j&B&a isiceiy npo.iemer h jeceaer 
ApBera, hoaw.m OTy/^a, ihto y j\eA\ apBeTOBa npcTena 
kojh ce CTBapa c npo.ieha mia Bp.10 MHoro cy^OBa pa ah 
Beke noTpede y boah h xpaHH, a y ie.\y kojh ce aoh,- 
HHJe cTBapao naia BHine apb^hhx B.iaKana pa^H oap- 
maBafta Tepeia. Koa ,inKe Heua paaroBeTHe Mel^e H3Mel>y 
npo.ieme h jeceH>e .iHKe. 

IIoMeBiuH oa cpatn na cBe fro xbkg npyxajy ce 
cpmnu Tpami (c.i. 2 S) kojh ce na nonpeHHOM npe- 
ceKy i fHne i;ao span,!, na \:;a.y;kiio\i Kao BjpBije (II S). 
a na noBpniHKH Kao H3ByneHe MHnce (III S). II y nania 
ce, 04 3roTOB./beHe xpaHe Koja ce He yTpoiun, Ta^oajw 
HeKH Aeo Kao peaepBHa xpana sa Apyry ro^aiy. 

r). Eopa (ci. 2 R). Qua 'innn ciio.i.aiiiiiH a^o; 
h y Kope ce TaMM oa 3roTOB.i»eiie xpane aeKi ,v m) 
Kao peaepmia xpaiia 3a Apy^y roAwny. 

Ha CTad.iy be pan.iHKvjy Ana Ae.ia: AefiM n Kpyna. 

fatijio je OHaj a^o rrao-ia kojh je \\\\\\w\ geXAe, 
a we nocn rpane. Mefya ESMe^y KopeHa h flfidtoi 30B6 
ce epaT. 

Kpyna je j\eo CTaCaa H3HaA fle(Ua h hoch zpane 
h uyuosbKe (.incne, AP^ 1 "' » fOflfle), MTopaete h 

Mjiafiapn ce pa3BHJajy y TOKy roAHHe h Ha H,n.\ia 

HMa 4HIHha. 

AeTopacru cy jeAHoroAnniH,H tj. 3pe./iH M^aAapn, 
c kojhx je ^Hiiihe ona.io. 

rpane cy BHHieroAHHiH,H h pasrpaHaTH ,/ieTOpacTH. 

Kpyna je BokaKa pa3HOBpcHor oiMHKa, h to He 
caMO y pas.iHHHHx Bpcra BoLaKa, Beh una BHnie h y 



TPAfcA H OPrAHH 27 



pa:ununnx eop&Tfl je r T,ne HCTe Bpcre, hak y iviaBHOMe 
OHa je y j;p vmaira eucoica 11 uupoMu^OAHaj y jatiyua 
)uii})o){(i 11 otcpyzAOCTa, x iiu>iii;a ^yifjjbacTo-OKpif- 
viacra, ah ce eel no aoj MHore BoKne h H3 ,a,a.ieica 
iory pacnosHaTH. BoKap fpetfa csaKaA a& Team, ita 
boLke &a TasaB oo.iiiK spyie, kojh joj je npnpoAaif, 
jep be Botaa Taso 6ith Be caMO Tpajmija. Ay^ra BeKa, 
Bel be pa b na&e CTaiH. 

IIpeMa naBe^eHOM, 3aAaKa je cTafay: a& npoH3- 

nynoAKe (ja.ioBe h po/i,He) a no kojh nyT n jKn;ie, 

n;i ia thm ,vMOHiiMa (uv;ku sao noA^ora 3a yTBp^eae; 

,\'d 13 KOp6H8 riipOBOAH V ,lHIIIhe He3rOTOB./b6Hy xpa,ny, 

a 3roTOBA6Hy ,i,a pa8Hoei y pa&uraHe 6h,i»h6 maom, h 
,\a y it ciecTH Ji ca'iyBa HeyTpomeHy (pe3epBHy) xpany 

sa ,1,1'VI'y rOAHHV. 1 

nynojBn,H, rpaiie, .leiopacTH h KdaAapi norrajy 
oa nyiKu.aKa. 

Ilyno.i.iui cy oh Ha Bpxy h.ih ca crpaHe jieTO- 
|iai-ra. iv ce no TOMe 30By n.iii upvtiiif uijuoMW h/ih 
uodwuit uyuoMyu, a npeMa roue nrra ce H3 ii.mx pas- 
Hiija. ,i,a .in a|»ho, jihct jmh u,BeT, 30By ce: jajmk w 
ji'Kinn ayuoJbt^u. 

Joao&u cy imio.i.un TaHKH h 3aniH./F»acTH ; ^pofinu 
(nm'Tiiii) cy odparao a^.mi b saTytfacrH. (lino 3 no- 
i:a.;yjf KpymsOB AeTOpacr, iia KOM6 cy Tpn nyno&Ka 
BCHOA I'.pniHor ja.ioiw nyno&lJH, a noa/ieAH>a a\\\\ \w\\\\\\ 
(urnim) iiyiio.i.iin. 

II.: lipiimiix nyno.i,ai;a pa:',iuija C6 ('KOpO CBaKaA 
M.niiap, ApBO, ;i ii.: iiouiciiinx iiyiio.i,ai;a pa#B0Ja ce 

n.iii M.iM.iap n.in per, npeMa roue r,v ce sajiase a 

Ha KaKBHM <*Y l',ol,i;a\ia. 

1 y ''»n.i.:n;;i loje iii'Miijy .liiwLi join I ,iu ciip.tii l;i u 10- 
TOBU LpaHT. 



28 



BOUKE PT BOTtE 



Ha CBaKOM .leTopacTy pa3BHJajy ce npeKO roAHHe 
uo aim Bpuma nyno^Ka, je^aii y jyHy, a Apyrtf y cen- 
TeM^py. H3 npBor nyno-foKa H36nja M^a^ap join HCTe 
ro^HHe, a m Apyror TeK ao roAHHe. KaA npe BpeMeHa 
3ax^aAHH, OH^a ce no kojh nyT jyHCKH nyno^aK He 
Moate pa3BHTH Kao ihto Tpe6a, na 
ce saTO he M^a^ap oa TaKor ny- 
no^Ka He Moate 40 3HMe aobo^lho 
3ApB6HHTH h c Tora noA^em Mpa- 
3eBHiia. 

BoHKa je 6yjHor pacra, KaA Ha 
H>oj HMa amoro ja^iOBHX nyno-foaKa, 
h o6paTHO H3HypeHa, aKO cy Ha 
h>oj totobo caMO poahh nynoAun. 
Botap je c Tora no3BaH a& koa 
po^He BoiiKe MOTpi, a^» ce pa3BH- 
jan,e ApB^ra h poAa Bprnn h OAp- 
-(KaBa y noAecHOJ pa3Mepn. 

y3H>ia ce y onniTe, Aa ce aa 
boLkh, KaA je y H>e BOAeHacrnja 
xpaHa, Koja 6paie h Kpyatn, CTBa- 
pajy ja^OBH nyno^HH, h o6paTHO, 
KaA je ryniha xpaHa, a thm h Kpy- 
ateite cnopnje, a& nocrajy poahh 
nynojH],H. 3aT0, KaA je roAHHa 

KHHIOBHTHJa, HMaMO 6yJHHJ6 BOHK6 

c Man>e poAa, a KaA je cyuiHHJa, 
oiaoXJe, a^H c BHine poAa. 
HeeTuu (poahh) uyuojbuu He Ha.aa3e ce koa Bac- 

KO^lHKOr BOha Ha jeAHHM A^OBHMa, Bet Ha pa3HHM. 

TaKO cy: 

a) y jaCtyuacTOza eofia o6hhho Ha CTapnJHM rpa- 
HaAia, a peTKO Ha .leTopacTHMa. KaA cy Ha CTapnjflM 




Ga. 3. Eyao^n.H. 



TPA-BA H OPrAHII 29 



rpciHHMa, oH^a cy no6o<iHH nyno.fcHH, a mj\ cy Ha .le- 
Topacnoia, OH^a cy BpuiHH nyno&nH. Ako koa OBor 
ao&a iriniija ii3 jeAHor nyno&sa 40 15 uBeioBa, to je 
3H&S ,vi je iiyno.i.aK oho 4o6po pa3BHJeH, a aKO je 6poj 
UBeTOBa .uan>n oa 5, nyno.kaK HHJe 6m norayHO pa3BHJen. 
y KOWTUHoeoz eofia Ha ^exopacTHMa Kao no- 
uo'ihh liyno.mn, a hboa Kao BpniHH ceM koa Kama- 
cnix rpaiia. II3 je^nor nyno^Ka koa OBor Boka pa3Bnja 
ce 1 — 3 HBeTa. 

y jaoViacTora ce Bota poahh nynoAnn pa3BHJajy 
11a cntpoj rpaiw y HenocpeAHOJ 6j1h3hhh poahhx nyno- 
.baua (»a npoin^e roAHHe, a koa KonmraaBora ce Boka 
jia.iimjajy nanpoTHB y npoAy^eay CTapnx rpaHa, Aaoe 
11a .leTopacTHMa (jeAHoroAHinitHM rpaHaMa). 

IlynojLHH cy pacnope^eHH no rpaHaMa BHme Maite 
y iipaBiuHiiM pasiiaipaia. Cbojhm BpxoBHMa OKpeHyra 
cy na pa3He CTpaHe, aAH Taieo, Aa je CBaKH mecrM 
iiyiiu.baK y npaBHj c npBHM, pa^yHajykn oa BpuiHor 
uynu.i.Ka. 

3tfor OBaKor pacnopeAa nyno^aKa h 3(>or h,hxobc 
ocotfrae, Aa ce poahh nyno^n npeKpakHBaiteM rpaHa 
■orj Bsja-IOBHTH, tj. Aa Tepajy y Apso, Morae ce ope- 
:jni',an,»v\i BoLasa ,i,arn M^aAapHMa (a c thm h rpaHaMa) 
11 pa na ii, pacT«'ii,;i. hoihto MJiaaapn pacTy y npaBHj y kom 
0} 11 iiyiio.i.nu. :56or f re hcto oco6hh6 h ope3yje ce h 
K[>yna M.ia.v Botae, paAH pa3BHJaH>a npaBH^He KpyHe ; 
1 so roue, nrro ej na upniiiou -leTopacry nynoAnH 
oi:pcn\Tji na lid pji.i.in'iiinx rrpaHa, H3^a3H, Aa lie ce 
iiajiipai'.n.iiinja i;p\na ,1,0011111 caMO OHAa, aKO ce y Kpynn 
MApJM HW M.ia.i,;ipa. Ha ifociniry B(for oco6hh6, Aa ce 
imio.wm Mor\ iip»'ii;iin;rni c jcijic BO&K6 11a Apyry CpO- 
\\\\ i:ol,i;v. Bpmi Ce DO6B6 BaSHfl pa,i, y BObapCTBy : 
lipn<'al,in'.;iii,f n\ iio.i.iiMMa 11.111 omimi.c. 



30 BOTtKR If ROTyK 



Hy com HaBeAeHHX nyno.LaKa HMajy MHore Bote 
(uiAHBa , Bnuifta , .103a , pn()n3.ia hta.) h nyno^iKe 
cKpHBeHe y Kopn w6as,, rpaim h M.ia (noAaHKa), H3 
kojhx ce y hoboahhm npn^iHKaMa Mory pa3BHTH h hobc 
6emw. Ha oboj ce oco6hhh ocHHBa h pa3MHOJKaBaH,e 
BotaKa no-iomnnaMa , HarpTaaeM, npnopu,HMa h H3- 
AaHHHMa. 

TpaHe. TpaHe cy npoAyaceite aq6a& h hochohh 
Hyno&aKa, H3 kojhx ce pa3BHJa ^Hnite, HBeT h poA. 
IIoniTO cy npoAy^eae Ae6.aa, h ohc cy 04 hcthx TKHBa 
oa kojhx h a^Cmo. TpaHe ce was Ha jaAoee h podne 
ipaue. 

y jaAoee ce pa^iyHajy : 

Bpwuu MJia^ap. H3t>flja CBaKaA H3 Bpumor ny- 
uoAKa Ha ^eTopaciy ; nyno.^aK je Ha tom MecTy h.ih oa 
upnpoAe h.ih Ha BeuiTaMKH Ha^iHH — ycieA opesHBaita. 

1Io6ohhu MACiflap. To je M-ia/jap HajCniHatH Bp- 
uiHOM JMa^apy. 

Jajioeu MAcidapu. To cy h6ko.ihko >MaAapa kojh 
M3(>HJajy hceoa no6o i iHora swaAapa. Ohh 6h, no moctj 
rAe cy, momh 6hth h poahh, a^n ce ycieA 6yJH0CTH 
ApBeTa H3ja.iOBe. 

Mjiaseeu ear eo^ouuje. To cy bhtkh h otfnqHO 
6yjHH (Ayra^iKH) M^aAapn; H3()HJajy naJBHine H3 Kope 
cxapHJHX rpaHa, Hy h Ha ioal>HM BotiKaMa BH^ajy ce 
uo kojh nyr y Bekoj Mepn. JaB&ajy ce y h3B6cho floda, 
Hnp. KaA ce Bote npncafyyjy, noAM./La}>yjy h.ih ope3yjy, 
jep ce TaAa HaroMH.aajy cokobh Ha hsbcchhm MeciHMa. 

A y porfne zpcme cnaAajy : 

Butkc po/\Hp zpcme (c-i. 4 P). To cy 11060™ n 

BHTKH H OOHHIIO JiOIIITO IIOBHJeilH .leTOpaCTH, Ay™ TIKH 

cy 10 — 30 cm., a HMajy hx ja6y*mHH,e n KonrryHHue. 



rr\T. \ II OPFAHIT 31 



Bi PBHH ce rpanaMa rmapajy upee H4M ^omujux 




pOAHa i|);iiiMini,;i, F li II BHTSe |M>AHe 

I [Htll'lllll.f. 



32 



BOTIKE H BO-KE 



Kpyre po^ne zpaue (c/i. 4 C h ga. 5 C). To cy 

UOoVlHH, npaBH EAE H0BHJ6HH H npiMH^HO KpyTH .1GT0- 

pacra hchoa bhtkhx po^HHX rpaHa; AyramtH cy 3 — 8 cm., 
ii na H»HMa cy koa ja6y i iac r ror Boka ja./LOBH, a koa ko- 
urryHHua po^HH nyno-foip. 

H BHTKG H KpyTG pOAHG rpaHG /J.OHOC6 pOA KOA 

KoiiiTyHHija joiu npBe roAHHG, jep cy na itmia hbgthm 

nynoAHH, a koa ja6y i i- 
Hnna ce pa3Bnjajy na 
iBHsia tgk Apyre ro,pHe 
po^He rpaHG, na hmg : 
JIpcTeuacTe 6o^Jbt 
(m. 5 B). To cy Kpa- 
tkg n npcTGHacTO Ha- 
dopHTG rpaHG (nnaK c 
rjiaTKOM KopoM) ; Ay- 
ra^KG cy 3 — 6 cm. 
Bpnnm nyno^aK mojkg 
6hth*h a$crr e hbg- 
thh. Ako cg obg rpaHG 
rpaHajy, *igcto cg 30By 
n upcTenacTe zpaue. 
UpcTeuacTU mpa- 
wTaju. To cy Bpao 
KpaTKG, 4g6g^g npcTG- 

Ca. 5. A poahh Hocan, B npcTenacTa finnikfi Koifi cy 

6oA^a, C K P y T e poAHe rpairame. HaCTe 00 A^6, KOJG cy 

HCTO TaKO Kao H up- 

CTeuacTe fiofiJbe npcTGHacTO HadopiTG, na h bhxob 

BpniHH nyno.foaK mojkg 6hth Kao h koa npcTGHacTHX 

6oAa^ba jajboe ear po^au. 

KomTyHHUG, HapOWfO Tp6IHH>G, 6p6CKBG H KajCHJG, 

HMajy H3B6CHG po^HG rpaH^HHG, EOjG OAroBapajy HpCTG- 
HacraM 6oA^aMa h npcTGHacraM HspamTaJHMa. To cy: 




ITAI'.A II OITMIII 



33 




Kwmacre zpaue (ca. 6). ^yra^Ke cy 1*5 — 6 cm., 
BpniHii jim je nyiKM.aK ja.iop,. a oct&ah cy ii^eum — 
saso OHfl nopea BpmHor, raso n ohh no ije.ioj aj»hhh. 

lia.i c\ iia DpcTeHacTHi o«ai.a.Ma h npcTemimni 
HspamTajnia ja.nnm nyno&nH, OH^a ce Ha thm rpaHaia 

CTBapa H6KB OT0R, M\,\^ .MlH»e Hcno r i, 
rainix nynu.i.aKa, y KOMe ce ijyBa 
\j»ana ;;a nmnVi.y icxpaBJ DAOA&. 

To je Horl/.WItll.loja 11.111 UA04HU 
KOJWi (Cyl. 5 A). 

1 1 an r«».i, lino ce nyno.'LaK c 
BOKe rpaH6 voxe npeHera ua Apyro 
cts&ao, raKo ce bcto Moate h rpaH- 
Mima t Botae, uapaBHO c nyno^- 
mi.Ma. iijiiica.unii ua iLio^Hy rjiaiiy 
11. in A6TopacT Apyre cpoAHe Bodice, 

ua ce Iia QBOJ IipflMHTH H r ;a.ia' 
|>a:;mijaTii. Ha OBOMe ce ocHHBa 
upucafiuecme zpcMHm$OM. 

•Zhiiniie, .lmiiheje roMiua otfirao illoihthx, Tan- 

i;n\ 11 8&16HHX ojirana naJBiime y KpyHH boJiKhhoj. 

iHJa ce H3 ja.ioiuix nyii<>.i>ai;a, ua pacTe 40 CBoje 

«M|»rl)»'ii»' i;r.iii>nnir. raKO ,i,a je Bpx CBar^a CTapajM 

5HOB6. Ochobho My je TKaH>6 CKOpO hcto Kao ny 

'•T.i u.i a. 

Ha cBasoi .niny jia.i.iiiKyjy ce : ueTCJbKa, au- 

CTUHO \\ nepOU, 

ll< i>.i,i;<i je ouii'liio raiiai,- 11.111 i.-oii'iarr ,i,eo JlHCTa 
n HOCB .iiktuhv. Ha u.oj B6Ma miiii;<> oii.i.nor w.KMin.ia. 

(i4opotiJia) keo ua .liicTniin, re je oTy^a oTBope- 
mge • 

duCTUHdje Il.l.olin A60 .llicia |>a:Mii>ni<' B&AI9IH6. 
Ha DOKOJtHUH C na.iii'ija inia IHOrO CTOMa. 



C.i. 6. C KHTH>acre rpaHe, 

A B avo kojh Tpe6a no 

depdn ope;iaTH. 



34 BOUKE H BOUE 



Hepeu. Ete neTe^bKe npe.ia3e cyAOBn h y jwumnj, 
r^e ce Mpeaiacro rpaHajy. To cy Hepeu. HaJKpynHHJH 
HepBH 30By ce jom h pe6pa, a chthh — eene oh 
otcujiuue. H>HMa ce npoBOAe cokobh, h ciyate a& ae- 
CTHHa 6yAe pa3aneia. 

3a CBeKO^iHKO Jinrnte KaKBe BejiHKe jadyKe ne Tpe($a 
BHiue 04 40 rpaMa dn&Hor 3e.aeHH.1a. Ako .inniHy He 
Moate npn/i,ojia3HTH xpaHa Kpo3 neTe^bKy, c Tora hito ce 
y jeceH, Ha MecTy r^e ce neTe&Ka cacTaje c rpaHOM, 
cyAOBHa TKHBa npeTBope y n.iyTy, OH^a ce 6ejleo 3e- 
a&eeao nposieHH y Apyry 6ojy, tj. .onine eae noacyTH 

H.1H HOI^pBeHH. 

IIpeMa HaBeAeHOM .innihe je HajnoAecHHJH opraH: 
3a AHcaite, pecnnpanHJy; 3a acHMH./iaHHJy yivbemiKOBa 
ABOoKCHAa H3 Ba3Ayxa h 3a npepaAy 6ea>eq xpaHe y 
onniTe, a c thm h 3a pa3HonieH,e 3roTOB^eHe xpaHe no 
CBHMa 6hahhm Ae^OBHMa ; h 3a TpaHCHHpannjy h ncna- 
paBaH.e HenoTpefee BOAe, hohito Ha H»eMy HMa Haj- 
BHme cTOMa. 

D^BeT. I^bgt je opraH H3 Kojer ce 3aMene h pa3- 
BHJa hjioa. y iMOAy je ceMe, Koje c./iyatH 3a npoH3BOAH>y 
BOhaKa. IIoTOMe, hbct je opraH 3a pa3MHoacaBaH>e BOhaKa. 

IIoTnyH HBeT HMa: namy, npyuui^, upauiuune 
e Tynan. 

Varna je cno.j>aiHHH a^o HBeTa kojh OMOTaBa Kpy- 
hhhj; 6oje je o6hmho 3e.ieHe h HMa neT AHCTHHa. 

Epynuua je Apyrn a^o HBeTa; h OHa je Eao h 
Tiama oa ne r r .iHCTHHa, a 6oje je pa3^H^He, Hnp. 6e^a 
y Kpynrae, H,pBeHKacTa y jatfyne, ii;pBeHa (pyatn^acTa) 
y 6pecKBe h 6aAeMa hta. 

UpauiuuK je KOHqacT jihcthh y KpyHHHH. y HBexy 
HMa hx eume. CacTOJn ce oa Kowm&a, wpcmuouutte 
e K,eeTuoz upaxa. EohhuA je yTBpfyeii a<mc sa ;ioaty, 



tpa-ba n oprAHii 35 



a Ha Bpxy hocii iipamnoHHUj. ILpaiammuiia je Ma.iena 
ii .lyry.hai-ra secn^a nyua HBeTHor npaxa. Ifeernu je 
ruMii.ia Rp.m ciithhx apHauiai^a pa3.iHMHe 60 je a 
naJBiuiie ^vie. — Ka.i, npax AOCTHrae CBOjy Be^HMiiin . 
K»'«-nna ce panivKHe, ie ce npaniaK pa3Hece no H,BeTO- 
Biwa ii.in no BasAyxy ii.in no ApyrMM npeAMeTMMa. Iva.i, 
(•♦.' iipaiumi :}piiua nooiaTpajy Kp03 rniK.io, Koje jaKO 
yneliaBa, nose ce bh;u'tii. i,a cy Kao KaiiBH Mexypiihii. 
lia.i <-e ra 3pHna cnoje c jaJHMa, Koja cy yKpnBena y 
n.namiKY. oiLlOAl ce HBeT. 

Tynan je y cpe^HHH HBe r ra, cacrojn ce H3 on.10- 
.ihiix .liirniha. iia sojixa cy yTBp^eHH ceMemi nyno.wj.n. 
H oh, sao 11 npaiiimiK, ma Tpn A^a: ujioftuin;, crtj- 
nnt'i ii .mtn. IJ.iojntfh- je ,],oh>h Aeo TyHKa, o6hmho 
npoiiiiipeii. r jeAHM ii.in Bnnie ceMeHnx nyno.LaKa, y 
Kojma ey saneipi kaia 6n./LHa jaja. Ka-4 ce OBa jaja 
0114046 ii ceneHH nyno.i,ai; caapn, OH^a je to ccmc 

'nil J6 cp6AH>H ,\eo Ty^Ka Ha n^o^HMKy, oOVinKa 
J6 neBa/rra. Xuz je ropaH aeo Ty^ma h Ha Bpxy n\- 
oiiha : raje oxorafl DOKOsnfyWj Kao noMeHyra j\\ia, ^eAa, 
sel .jf iiar, a yHecTO ii.*' cy EJiesflime h.ih jK.iea^ane 
.ua<iuu»* E0J6 .iy>i<' .k'ii.i.mbv .MaTepHJy 3Bany Mmoea 
TCHHOCT, £8 on 66 :'>a H.y 3a.HMJH.ia 3pHIia HBeTHOra 
npaxa, SCO iia.uiy 11a BET. 

II,B»'T 6 iiaiit'V'HMM ,i,t\i"Bll.M;i iiMajy rue BpCT6 BO- 

. ;i 68X0 op;i\. .icci;;i. \\ y \\ K6GT6H IiMajy yiWCTO 

BornjEor aenoTnyse nneroBe CA0*eH6 y i.-.iar. soji ce 

na.uii'.a miinji \\.\\\ prut. .V QBOr ,l ? pBclia iipaiiiiiuiLii H 

TyqKOBi iin«-\ BajeAHO, a.m 03 otfoje aa bctom DTa(Uy. 

Ilpaiimnim. tj. HymK6 Malic i tvikohii. tj. K6HCK6 
Maii»\ .lai.-pn.i.ciiii CJ .i.yiii'iiiiiaua, T6 BaTO m»j»',niiiii iiiw- 
T0B1 11 iit'\i;ij\ i;pyniinc l,';i i 66 CBpfflB oii.iol,i'iu\ KyiIK6 
iiaiir n»'Maj\ BH1Q6 iiin;ai;i'.a .Mia'iaja ::a KHBOT uol.ium, 



36 BOUKE H BO-RE 



r re ce aaTO ycKopo ocyine n ona^Hy. 5KeHCKH cy HBeTOBii 
iieyMeAHH h cKpnBeHH, ^ecTo ce^ekn, a *iecTO hx je 
BHine y roMH.li h Ha BpxoBHMa rpaHa. 3a Bpeine HBaTH>e 
Bnpii m Ayiimnne ijpBeHKacTH mr, ^a 6k Ha h> nao 
HBeTHH npax h TaKO ce hbct oh.ioaho. 

ILioa (poa). II^io^hhk ce Ha HBeiy pa3Bnja no- 
.iaKO, na, Ka/j ce noTnyHo pa3Bnje, /i,aje ujioa h.ih^o^. 
Oa cno.LaniHera ^e.ia n^o^HHKa CTBopn ce on-ioAHnua, 
a oji, ceMeHHX nynoA^Hha, 3aMe'raKa, nocTaHe ceMe. 

Koa BokaKa pa3.inKyjeM0 mecT BpcTa H-iOAa, Ha 
HM6 : jafiyny, uowTyHUtyy , opamia^y, 6o6tn^y, jcaoAy 
h AyAwwy. 

Ja6yna je co*iaH h.ioa kojh je nociao 04 n.iOA- 
HHKa, .loate h qame. YHyxpa je KoaeacTa on.iOAHHHa (y 
r.iora KoniTaHa) o6h*iho cneT laypacrax Kyhnua (oKana) 
y CBaKOJ no 2 ceMKe. Ha Bpxy hoch cacymeHe iiamMiie 
ocraTKe. OBaKaB poA HMajy: jadyna, KpyniKa, Ayna, 
Mymiiy^a, ocKopyma h Apyre (iyior, >iyKHH,a, 6peKHH»a). 

limiiTyHmta je MecHaT eae co^aH hjioa; ana abo- 
crpyKy, cuo.ba MecHaTy h.ih Koacacry, a H3HyTpa ko- 
lUTynaBy Komy.LHHy, y kojoj je no npaBHjiy caino jeAiia 
ceMEa. CnoibaniHH a^o 30Be ce npTima, a yHyTpanmi* 
kowtuw. OBaiiaB H.10A HMajy : Tpenifta, BHrnita, Kajcnja, 
m^BHBa, 6aAe>i, opax h ap^h. 

Opamutta je jeAHOceuciiii n.io r i,, OMOTai MaH»e BHHie 

TBpAOM, ApBOIiaCTOM H.1II KOJRaCTOM KOUiy.LHHOM, KOJa 

HHJe MBpcro npHpac.ia 3a ce.Me, Te ce Moaje a&ro oabo- 
jmth. OBanaB n.iOA HMajy: Kecreii h .lecita. 

Eo6u?t<i HMa cno.La oimacry, KoataeTy, pefye ApBe- 
nacry .i>ycKy, a H3HyTpa co'ray ilih MecnaTy oh:ioahhh,v. 
Eoa HeKMX cy (fotfane 3a ce (rpoad)e, orpoa n piffwua), 
a koa HeKHx 3ajeAHO (Majuma h itynnna). 



PA LA II OITAIIII 37 



Jaw^a je lenioftHT n.io.i,, KOJHje uocrao oa mc- 
raaTe dose, y kojj cj yb;i.i,<>iiii chthh spHacTB haoaobu 
(axeHije). OfcaKaB ii.km, oa jaroAa. 

, ///./"/'>" .]'*' MciiroBHT poA, icoJH je nocTao oa mho- 

lllX CHTHHX K<»IHTVHIiU;i rllojeHHX CO^HHM H AieCHaTHM 

OMorawi foMOTa^ je <>,i .KeHCKora ii;BeTa). OBaKaB n.iOA 
HMa ,iy.i. 

IIo BpeneHj caspeBaRa n.ioAa. wax ce Boke Ha 
Tp» rpyne: Ha j<tm<\ jecme h 3umcko. 

. /< -THiC sofie caspeBa o^ no.iOBHHe jyHa j\o no.10- 
BHHe Genroirfpa. Tpetfa ra o^Max tipara 11 ynoxpeoVrn, 
jep <•»' uii;im«' 6p80 KBapi, Tpy.iu. 

Jecene eofie CTacaBa 04 no.iOBHHe cen r reM6pa 40 
hoaobhhc oETotfpa. Obo BoKe Tpe6a, eoihto yapij f i,a 
AOspi, T.j. un.i.a ra a° yuoTpe6e ap^th y aiara^Miirry 
(r\!»M-niiiiTy) tokojihko HeAe&a. 

3umcko eofie caspesa oa no.iOBHHe oKTotfpa j\,o 
DOdOBHHe BOB6M6pa. H oho Tpe6a a& A03pn Ha ciiecTH- 
iirry, a HeKO A03peBa Ten y npoAeke. 

CeMe. CeMe je npBH aaMeiaK noTOH>e BotiKe, n 
si 1 ce oho to^hko pa3BHJe, a^ ce H3 H>era h 6n^Ka 
nose paBBBTH, OHAa je h h.ioa 3peo. IIohito cene no- 
CTaje 04 <)ii.i<»l,('nii\ jaja y n.iOAHHKy, to ce oho 30Be 
join 11 eeMenu iiyuomvll. 

V ccMrny je (rMrwvia w je3zpa. 

u ibWKi je cno^amiLH 0M0Ta*i ceMeHa. FopM 
joj J6 ,v«» ii. 111 Koo/cacr (j j.'idyKe, Kpymiie, Ayw>e \v\\\.) 
11. hi Kotunan (j rpos^a), a AOftH je a^o fa.#a, irawfcfl 
11 w',101,1 Kootcui^a. 

ipa je y G6M6&aqfl je^pB cexeriOB ago, h ana 
11 KJiuv/y t 

Bejumuc je 6eo ,v m ' jesrpe. Oho je npna xpaiia 
K.iiijaBiuiMa - i;oti!.i»\ioiih.m;i. ;i y BOtaHa Koje HeMajy 



38 fcOUKE tl BOUE 



6e^iaHu,a (Amygdaleae) , kotiucaohh aayste 3a npny 

McxpaHy. 

Kjiuu,a\<6 MaBHH ^eo CBaicor 3pe,ior ceMeHa. Ona 

je ynpaBO loa^a (jH^Hua, hs Koje ce y 3ro,a,HHM npn- 
^HKaMa (npn /j,obo.^hoj toh^oth h npn- 
cryny BO^e e Ba3Ayxa) pa3BHJa HOBa dir.LKa 
HCTe BpcTe. 

E^ma HMa TpH fleaa: KMijaet^e (ko- 
ToeAOHe), Kopemufi e crafiaonwe c uep- 
vfiM (ca. 7). Rmjaeuu cy MecHaTH ae- 

Ga. 7. IIpeceK CTflliH, KOJH Ce pa3BHJajy npBH H3 KAHUe. 

C \l^T'bl™- ^ HH ^ HTIH0 ona W, ^hm ce KopeHqnk to- 
<5aoi*e c nep- ,ihko pa3BHJe, ^a caM ycncaBa xpaay H3 
^ eM V^S° peH " 3eMjLe. KopemnK je Bpyio M.ia^ ohhhh 
^eo, kojh ce pa3BHJa H3 OHne Ha Mace, 
CHinytn xpaHy H3 3eM^»e. H cra6a<mi^e je M^iaA kahuhh 
Aeo, a oj\ KopeH^B^ia pa3^HKyje ce mie mto pacTe Ha 
Biniie, tj. He 6e3KH o.t, cBeiviocTH Kao BOpeBraiL 





■ • -<g> P Q<^ xffi P "o^"jg> P ~ q^ ^g " «><gx$>(? s ><$x^<? r\ 

Igft^jfc t^«>^ : S^^>^et^ -^^rjicvJ ■^C^T/ct^) '^4 ! 3>t)£^J J^Js?'^. 




MBOT BOTiAKA 



Botiie ce, Kao ihto je noMeHyTO, cadoje o/i, Ma- 
jyniHHx ii nt.^poJHO MHornx ke.inna y^py^eHnx y tkhhii. 
Koja nime oprane, na o^ obhx h cyce^HHX tie./iHua aa- 
bich ;kiibot boIikhh. 3aTO, aKO ce ace.iHMO yno3HaTif ca 
xhbotom HuhaKa, no'rpeoHO je j\& 3HaMO MaBHuje pa^Be 
Koje y BotiKH Bpnie H>eHH opraHM. 

Te cy pa^H>e : Kjwycme, xpanetbe, pacTetbe, t/.or- 
rane h ouAotfuecme. 

1. K^HJaae. Y ceMeHy je, Kao ihto cmo bkwavi, 
noTOH>a BoliKa, tj. 3awraK (eindpnoH) ca JEH-iaMa, CTa- 
6aom. h jiBinlieM, na, <ihm ce noieaacy noBo&He noroA^e 
::;i ;i;hbot (Ba3Ayx, TOimoTa h B^ara), KJinna ce u\,\\\ 

H — Ilil'K'. 

Baara 11:5 sex&e npo^Hpe nocTynHO y cesie Kpoa 
ii.i'KM'.v Koxmy, re B(5or &e Batfytfpn, m, yTnuajeAi mi- 
BAynHOi BHceoHHKa, iiii'ini^y ce y pe3epBHHM MaiepigaMa 

'V.nuiua ll K.lnj;iK;iII,;i X6MHCK1 ll|HWl,rril. ycie^ KojlIX 

:.;iii,i' S0BI2 lii'.liili,;i. 36or (Wupeiba CQMOHa 

;;i|»;ill,;i H0BH3 ln\llill,;i II[i<'IIVi:iH' i;o',i;nil,;i n'Mriiy 



40 ttOUKE II BOUE 



(koa KonrrireaBdr Bolia obo 6mbji mi uiaBoBMMa), m oAMax 

H3 onne npo6nja npBO KopeH^iti, j\& ce 6n^>Ea y^BpcTn 

h ,^ OTno^He xpaiteite H3 smjie, a HacKopo 3ai™ 

nojaBH ce Ha npo^y^eHOM CTa6.ieHH,y B3HaA 

T3eM^e h BpniHH nyno^qnti (nepne) oa. 8 b 
ca CBOJa ^Ba K-injaBHa a, kojh OAMax mraay 
cboj paA " pa3BHJaH>e Ma^inx n 3e^ieHBX ae- 
CTHta. H KopeH^nti h CTa6aon,e y3HMajy npBy 
xpaHy H3 pe3epBHHX MaTepnja y K-iHJaBnHMa, 
h oa Te xpaHe HecTaHe, OHJaBHE yBeny h 
Ca. 8. a kah- <> na OT ; Me^yTHM ce KopeH^iHk h jihcthIih ao 
jaBDp^nep- Tor A<>6a pa3BHi'y norayHO, TaKO ^a oa Ta^a 

lie (bpihhh i 

iryuoiinii). Hacryna caMOCTajino xpaH»eae h pacTeae boii- 
Knna. 
IIpeMa HaBeAeHOM, 3a Ba^aHO KJiHJaH>o Bobber ce- 
MeHa no'rpedno je: && ce ceMe, npeia n>eroBOJ Be^H- 

qHHH, nOKpHJe 3eMA0M T0.1HKO, ,/T.a y H>OJ MOJKG naliH 

AOboaho BJiare, a aKO obg HeMa kojihko Tpetfa, oiiAa 
Tpeda jieje 3a.iHBaTH ear MHMe noKpoaTH, KaKO 6n ce 
cnpe^iHJio ncyniHBaite 3eMAe ; a& ce cejaae BpiiiH y aq6& 
ivdfl, je 3eM;La tcibko Ton.ia, A& ce npoii.ec oHJaifca Moaee 
H3BpniBTH (Ha toh^oth oa 5 — 35° H,.) ; h j\n ce ceMe 
ne 3a r rpnaBa 3eM^OM aJ^oko, jep 6h My ce THire cnperao 
npncTyn Ba3Ayxa. 

2. Xpaaeae BokaKa. MnHepa^He ce MaTepnje na- 
jiase, Kao hito je noMeHyTO, jeAHHO y 3eM^bH n to Haj- 
BetiHM AejioM y H3o6sAy, a^H pei'KO y TaKBOM o6aey^, 
y itojeM hx BotiKa Moate ^aKO y3eTB. A opraHCKe Ma- 
Tepnje (KHceoHHK e yivLeHHKOB abookcma) njme Botita 
0A ^ecTH H3 Ba3Ayxa a oa ^ecTB H3 3eio>e. H y Ba- 
3Ayxy h y 3eM^H, ohc cy y pa3^H i iHHM jeAHH>eH>HMa h 
Bp^o ce Me^y co6om pa3^HKyjy, n no ofaHKy h cacTaBy 
CBOie, oa HeopraHCKHX MaTepnja, Koje cy y boLkh h 



HUIBOT BOHAKA 41 



soJ€ «-y 04 n.iix iiurra.it'. T»ko c] imp. mdiop, ry.Ma 11 
icfiuu cacTOjua BoLse, a. m bb je^He oa obhx opraHCKHX 
Maivpnja Ht'Ma mi y bjuuyxy hh y 36MAH. 3aT0 ce cbc- 
i;<Min;a oit.i.na xpana iopa 3rt)TOBHTB y caaioj boI.i;h. 
Xpana rpetia ,\n je Tanne npHpo^e, 4a ce H3 H,e Kory 
CTBOpirra ue.iy.ioaa n iV.ianneBHHa. 

rpa.uina : ( >a xpany nauaB.i.ajy BoJiKe, i;ao bito 
nan je no3HaT0 3 hc-kiim fifiAOM KopeHOM, a neicnM waqii 

.UIHlliHM. 

KopeB iijuie xpany 11:3 36MA6 KopeHOBHM MaKaMa, 
h to pacTBopeHj xpany, a aico je Hejra y pacTBopy, 

KOpeHOB6 J6 .Uai.'t 1 Mory H ca.Mt' pacTBOpHTH, jep HH C6 

us Dime .lyif pasHe KHce.iEHe. kojhhb ce ytfpsaSa pac- 
TBapa&e Mnnepa.iHHX MaTepnja, saTO KopeHOBe ^aKe, a 
• a uiuiMa n sue, m<»iv HOCTyHHO npo^peTH h y w KaMeH a . 
PaetBOp y.ia:',n y Bop6HOB6 ,viai;r- n Wnmia Ti;iiBa, jep 
BJKOB6 <»nnt' iipoiiviuTajy Te i mocTH. OBaKO He.sroTOB^eHa 
Tt'MHuiT noTKesyje ce y cTaCflo hphthckom kojh AOAasa 
<m iopeHOBHi litMHHii, jicnyfteirax boaom h ApyrHM pac- 
TBopeim MaTepijaMa, n. iipo.ia3eKH daKy&oM, neae ce 
y Annie, .lunik y3HMa H3 Ba3Ayxa yr^eHHEOB ^bo- 
OKCIA, ii OBaj 66 ynmajeM CBeMOCTH h Ton^OTe, a y:; 
••ajia.ui.y x.iojiiMMi.miix :',piiana, paBABOJH y CBOJe cacTOJKe: 
JTAVBXE I KI660HHK, Ha 66 Tom IlpILIIIKOM B3BpiUH npe- 

yr.i,ciiiii:a, KHceoHHKa h BOAeHHKa CTBope 

i.ciiUMHH XU^paTii, a <u, OBHX li R80THHX, rvMllopnnx 

ii »06*opHI2 j>MMii.t'H.a, Etoja 66 upMBO^e 6ea>) t KOpe- 

BOBI1 . i.i;i J..t M;i . nipaB.i.ajv 66 H 6e./iaH*ieBHHe. OBaKO 

■n.U'lia Xpana npu.ia;in. i;ao B3TO je HOMeiiyTO, y 

IB4 H6S6 .lin.v. lia 66 <U,<''1U<' paBHOCB DO 6BIMa 

oif.i.iiUM AMOBHKa, 48 0B6 ii. in nrxpaii.yjr. n.in ,i,a 

li \ «Upw:il, if. in ,i,a MM 6TBODH BOB6 on. I. B6 A6J10B6. A 

xpana, KOJa Dp6K0 OBOra Dp6T6EH6, onioni ee J pa:;na 



42 HO'RKE H BO'RE 



ocTaBnmTa (ccmou.c, ynyTpanutn aioj itope a cparae 
TpaKe), a& ce y OBHMa pe3epBHine 3a ao roAHHe. 

Obo nyroBaite He3ro r roB.&eHe xpaHe H3 KopeHa y 
^Hiuiie Kpo3 6aKy^By n Bpakaike 3roTOBjBeHe xpaHe y 
.inKy h H.6H0 ]^m pa3HomeH>e no ocTa^HM 6h.&hhm Ae- 
^OBHMa — 30Be ce npyotceTbe xpane, a nponec, kojhm ce 
npH6aB^>eHa opraHCKa MaTepnja npeTBapa no noTpedn y 
nMy.ao3y hjih de-iaH^eBiray, Ha3HBa ce upoMeT xpane. 

Bpatn hjlh cnopnJH npoMd xpaHe 3aBHCH oa Jkhb- 
jber hah cia()HJer ^ncaita BonaKa. H BOhKe, Kao h jkh- 
BOTHH>e, y^ncyjy H3 Ba3^yxa ^HmteM h ocTa^LHM a&io- 
BHMa KHceoHHK, a H3^ncyjy yrjbeHHKOB abookcha, na ce 
OBa pa^aa Bpnra h koa h>hx, hcto Kao h koa acHBOTH&a, 
h ^aay h Ho£y. 06,a,aH 6njbKe acHMH.iyjy (ycBOJe) yivbe- 
hhk h AHnry, a o6hoh caMO AHiny, Te je 3aT0 ^ncaae y 
obo Ao6a h Bnnie yoH^HBO ho A aH, Y- AcHMHAOBaaeM yr^e- 
HHKoBa ^BOOKCH^a npHBO^H ce h yBekaBa opraHCKa xpaHa, 
a AHca&eM Ta ce xpaHa HanpoTHB CMaayje, jep ce y^H- 
caHHM KHceoHHKOM oKCH^HHiy CKpo6 h OBOMe cpoAHa Tejia. 
OTy^a je acHMH.iaii,HJa (ycBajaae) yiv&eHHKa peAyKHHOHH, 
a ^ncaae OKCHAannoHH nponec xpaaeaa 6n.z&aKa. 

KpyateiBe je iiaTepnja HajamB^e noneTKOM npo^ieiia. 
CyHqaHa TOiMOTa y obo 406a, yTnnynn Ha Kopy BoiiKHHy, 
H3a3HBa jane ncnapaBaite BOAe H3 BoiiKe, na thmo aP^m 
Mae Ha jane ycncaBaae xpaHe H3 3eM^e. OHa toto- 
BHHa xpaHe, Kojy cy Bono npnBe.ie atnjie c jeceHn, 
pa36^aatn ce boaom (ycncaHOM B^iaroM), na c H3BecHOM 
jannHOM Kpyara Kpo3 BoiiKy y obo A<>6a. Kpyaten>e je 
obo no3HaTO hoa HMeHOM upoMT'wa Me3zpa. Me3rpa 
OBa jaB^a ce HeKaA pannje a HeKaA AonHnje npeMa 
TOMe, Aa am je Ba3Ayx toh.ihjh eae x^aAHHJH. Kpyace- 
H>eM xpaHe 03ao Ha BHme pacTBope ce pe3epBHe Ma r repnje, 
HaponHTO CKpo6, na ce THMe HaroHH H36njaH>e nyno.i>aKa, 
jiniulia, nBeTa n M^aAapa. KaA ce obh a^obh pa3BHJy 



;khhoi BOHAtfA 43 



,1,0 HSBecHOra rmin.a. namiui, pafljye 11,111 aouhhjc, y 
BotiKe sacroj (npesEA, op) npeMa TOMe, ,\a .111 je BpeMe 
noBO.i.Hiije 11. in Be, ,ia .111 je aeii&a (Jo&a hah .lonraja h 
,ia .in je BOtaa M.iafya 11,111 rrapnja. 11 Bpiimii MAa^apH 
saBpme GBOJe nopamliiiBaii.e. Obo 6bm OAjyHa ao aBrycia. 
Ajtoje iMj»;iiiil,iii>,an.( i Bpmiiiix M.ia,i,apa H3BpmeH0 
paHflji*. sa MHuniM aotaaxa inoiijajy H3 nyno^aKa hobh 
M.iai;i[»n. 11a C€ iia OBHMa ^oiumje 3aBpniz pa3BHJaH>e 

B[iIIIHHX IIVIIo.lnlKa, a C THM H JieTH»H HOpaCT BOHKHH. 

Crao 5iBa y aBrycTy, a chmo Kpyateifce xpaHe no3Ha r ro 
je hoa emohoi jecma Meszpa. 

.liimli^. Koje ce iia:!Bii. 10 :)a BpeMe obg Me3rpe, 3e- 
leinge je aa ayate 406a oa Jinmlia, Koje ce pa3BH.ao y 
Ao6a npoAer&e nesrpe, a h M-iaAapn cy 3a Bnnie Bpe- 
■ena Be&acnrJH, cohhhjh ho npo.ieTH,H, Te3aTOHMnoro 

.laKiiiH I3Mp3Hy. 

y oct&iok, oBa Apyra M63rpa 6HBa AOCTa Henpa- 
bhjIHO. Crape Botae, saporoTO Kpynnte, He Tepajy ^pyre, 
HOBe, iLiaAape, jep npo./ieTH>H, npBH, MJiaAapn 3aBpinyjy 
i;,h no CBOJe nopanihHBafte, tck jy.ia; Met>yrHM, y m^iahx 
p.olhiKa. napo^HTO koa tfpecaica, Kajcnja h jatfyKa, lie 

0H;ih;;i it QM>pO HIIKaKaB HpeKHA, Ha 3aT0 MJiaAapH OBEX 

Bokuu paerj 6B€ ,v> cane jecenn, nixa Bnme h ao nojaBe 

paan (jeceKn) upaseBa. Ako cy y jy^iy h aBrycTy jake 

1 cjme, y MiionixceBOhaKajeceH>a we3rpaHHejaB.&a. 

je iH'|oi(t.],;i jaicor h cjiatior Kpyaceaa xpaHe 3a 

l'.o},;i),;i. hcm.i ryMll.C B60M8 :jna 'l.ij'lia, jep OH im ll.oj. 
Bao lino b.6M0 i:ii.],<'TH. y,]ciii;ii:;i pa:;.iiiMiio ROCAOBB: npn- 

'•;it ; ui:iiii,c. opeaHBase mm. Je^aa hcth nocao sa hctoj 
Bonn nose ce y je^HO .!<>•'>, 1 BSBpnniTH c pension, a y 
Apyro cacBHM oea ycnexa, n.ni ycnex pa^fl j .i<\ni<» 

.1111 ,i,[>yi;'inJM. ,1 y ,i,|)yn< ,i,o«'>;i oner Apyi."- 

•liiju. Taso snp. opesHBaBeu rpana cjeceHB bah j 406a 
1:11 .1 ji.uiyiM' nose ce BO&sa nomoicolki y iepa&j 



44 BO'RKE H BOTVE 



iLia^apa, tj. mowo ce cnpe'iHTM pa3BHjan>e HBera, a iuia 
ce rpaHe opesyjy ,ieTH, y Ao6a KaA noHmte Apyra Me- 
3rpa, c.ia6H ce nopacT iLia^apa, a MeJjyTHM BOHKa noT- 
noMaiKe y pasBnjaay nzLOAa. 

Ha Kpyateity xpaHe ocHHBa ce h upcTeuoecme eo- 
fiana, y HaMepn ^a BOHKa 6oibe poah. Pa^n OBora 3aceKy 
ce npcieHacTe rpaHe ^o 6aK)VLe h Kopa o-ZbyniTH c &e- 
6^bHHe npcTa. Pa^aoM ce obom Haj6o^be ^0Ka3yje, a& ce 
xpaHa o,a,HCTa cnpaB^ba y JinniJiy, jep 3aceneHO MecTO 
MHoro ja^ie 3apaniiiyje c ropn>e CTpaHe Hero c ^oae, h 
to oneT je^HHO aKO Ha toj rpaHH HMa .innilia. Sa^pasa- 
BaaeM xpaHe H3imA npcTeHa H3a3HBa ce pa3BnjaH.e 
hbcthhx (po^HHx) nynoxaKa , a 3a.4pa1aBaH.eM xpaHe 
ncnoA npcTeHa oaia6,kaBa ce y hceo^hko rop&H ago, 
Te 3aTO He Moaje TepaTH y ohom 6pojy ja^ioBe nyno^Ke 
y kom 6h ce HHa^e obh pa3BHiH, Bet ce orpamnraBa ne- 
hhhom Ha HBeTHe ^aKie po^He nyno^bKe. 

Oa Kpymeita coKOBa 3aBHcn h onaAaite .onita c 
jeceHH. KaA ce AOBpmyje roAnniitH nopacT boIikhh, on^a 
ce 3HaTHa KO-in^HHa coKa ipoum Ha CTBapaae hobhx 
nyno&aKa, a tea Ha pa^iyH jinintia, Te ce ycieA Tora 
Ha ,py neTe&Ke CTBapa n^iyTacTa MaTepnja, A& xpana 
He HAe y .oraihe, h 36or Tora ce obo, hoihto Hena 
xpaHe, nocTynHO cynra, na HajsaA h onaAHe. KaA .mnihe 
onaAHe, Ha rpaHH 3aocTaHe n^yTaBH oatHAaK. 

^hm ^Hnitie onaAHe, h BokKe ce nocTynHO npeAajy 
Ay6oEOM Mnpy. y to A<>6a nyno&Hn AOBpme pa3BnjaH>e, 
a 3araM ce no ijejioj bohkh c^aaty HeyTpomeHe MaTe- 
pije, Hapowro CKpo6, Aa y hoboj toahhh nociyate Kao 
pe3epBHa xpaHa. HaA3eMHH a&iobh nonycTe paHnje oa 
H0A3eMHHx, kojh pacTy CBe ao 3HMe, c Tora hjto je TaAa 
Beta TOOOTa 3eM^HHa oa Ton^iOTe Ba3AyniHe, na aaTO 
ce Ha borkh, Eoja je npecafyeHa c jeceHH, n Moate ao 
3HMe a^ jaBH BeiiH 6poj KopeHOBHX AJiana, Koje Aonpn- 
Hecy Aa BOhKa c npojieta pano noTepa, MHoro paHnje 



JKITBOT BCRAKA 45 



(>A sotaia ffpwa^emrx y npo.iehe. IllTa BHnie, meaq 
se npecraj] e pa^ou hh :sa Bpejie 3HMe. Ohc h y to 

npiBOA6 lie. i una mm rmo.ia no HeniTO xpaHe, na h 
uo ce lie.ume y dbg ,v»ua iif nory pasMHoacaBaTH, hath 
ce nyiio.mii paawqara. Ta r i,a je nmo hgko c/iatfo Kpy- 

xpaae, i:oje je boIikh 6e3 cyMH>e nnaK uoTpe^Ho. 
,l,a ma nutora Epyse&a, MoateMo ce yBepniH no roTO- 
Bam-KiiM (iia|ta.;iiivKiiM) Cm. Mca.ua, jep ce OBe, ica^ je Apno 
•upaBO, h npeKo 3Hiie .ieno pa3Bnjajy, na uaic n uBeTajy. 

3. PacTeae BokaKa. IIodito ce uBe'r on-io^H 
mu'THii.M npaxbx, y he.inuaMa ce on^ennx cejieHHX 
nyiio.i.aKa Ha^HHe t \m BpcTe nynoymnka: uyuoMiuK 

\a i wfUMHUh KopeHMufia. 06a OBa nyno^^niia 
ci[au.i»'H»'iia ey y Bpxy TBopeBHHM TKan>eM (KaM^njoM), ti 
to nyiio.muli <Tau.ia BereTaunoHOM Kynon, a nyno.i.'inh 
i:<»|H'H'iu}ia BereTaaqiOHOi icanoM. Ha obhm BereTaunoHUM 
Ta'ii:aMa GTBapajy ce HOBe Le^iHUie ^LeiteM CTapnx Ke- 
.inna (Manilla), na ce 'raico npoH3BOAH nopacT y Ayaaniy. 

1 1 ii a y, KopeH a Ha^eMHH a^obh He pacTy noA- 

H.i Kopeny ce Ha noMeHyra Haqnn ^e^ie ca>ro te- 
AMBfi, iiith ej iK'iiorpeAHO H3Ha^ BereTannone Kane, h 
b6oi rora J6 sopeHj 11 lorykHO, ,a,a cbojhm BpxoM npo- 
.i,iifM' cbc lyu.i.f 11 fla&e. 

II y I'.rirT.iiiiKnuiM re Ta'iica.\ia rraCUa M nyno- 
.i.aca (KOJl CJ IS II (»oj i;a ii.m , Mi'pWTi'Ma) BpiUH HCTO 

Tftso pacreiu Aeotfoi licimia. hj y imix pacTeae ne 

MJiua BpoCTHH iiapaiHTaj<wi CaMOra Bpxa. KaO KOfl KO- 

pess, Bel OBflfi Moace w (Jim a do hmoj ,i,y;onn, tj. 
aoie, iiujju'fi'.n. nory &a HHoate oBOJe tejime 

6aMXG if i;i.i.f "1 BpXS, TC 66 TOKO iia,i;:t'.Miiii .yuoiw 
ynpauo parreacy. ,l,,i je to y KCTHHff, KOS6M0 C6 .laico 

MiCplITM llM<M;i||,;i||,cM |i;tr |o j;i |f.;| . 1 1 1 1 1 f I . ; I ||;i \!.ia,1,a|»\ V 



46 BOTvKE H BO-RE 



Ao6a H,eroBa pacTa e oa 3aBpnra nopamtiHBafte. Y 
nocAe4H,eM ciy^ajy BHAekeMO, #a je .oinhe SHaTHO pas- 
MaKHyTHje, Hero y Ao6a Ka/i, je iwa^ap Oho y nopacTy. 

PacTeae BotaKa y A^AHHy pa3^HKyje ce 3Ha'rno 
oa padeiLa KopeHa h CTaCUa y AyMHy. /^eo^aike no- 
*iHH>e oa KaM6nje, jep ce y H>oj nocTynHO CTBapajy HOBe 
Wnue aekq h 6aKy&e. CTBapaite ce 6aKy.&HHHX tie- 
./lnna 3aBpmyje 3a BpeMe CBaKe Me3rpe, Te je OTy/^a h 
siorytiHO, A a ce oa npo.iemer h jeceaer cioja HMa CBaKe 
ro^HHe roAnmifcH npcTeH, .aeTO. TpaHa pacTe y A^LHny 
caMO Ta^a, oa ce AOBpnra nopacT y AyatHHy. 

Ct&6ao je ooVmo kohh^iho, tj. npn ^ny Aeu.be 
a y ropitHM A^OBHMa CBe Taite h Taae. To je c Tora, 
hito cy AOH.H a^obh CTapnjn oa ropanx, tj. y ftHMa 
HMa BHine toahiubdHX npcreHOBa (.ieTa) ho y ropftiiM 
Ae^iOBHMa. 

Ilpeina tomg, ao Koje ce BHcnue nyniTa bohkji ,vi 
pacre, was ce BOhKe Ha Tpn rpyne, Ha : eucone, ocpe^Tbe 
H uucne eoftne eae npow^ymu. 

Bucone ce eoKne raje o6h^ho Ha HMaitHMa, eKO- 
HOMHJaMa, na ce 3a r ro 30By joni h euouoMcne eofine, 
a ocpe^we ce h wucxe HaJBHme HOAHaty no rpaAflnaMa 
y pasAHqHHM o6^HH,HMa, na ce 3aT0 30By joiu h zpa- 
duuapcKe eae 6awTencKe eofine. 

/I,a ae Ke ce Koja boho noAH3aTH Kao BHCOKa, 
ocpeAH>a eae HBCKa, saBHCH y MaBHOMe oa npnpoAe 
BOHKe, ao Koje BHCHHe pacTe, Hy Ha obo y r rnqy oa 
^ecra m HOA^ora, Mecro, iuvihh ope3HBaH>a, na e cano 
nocTynaae c BOhKaMa. 

4. DJBeTaae h on^o^HBaae. CBaKO^HKa je Teataa 

JKHBOTa BOJiKHHa fib flOHece 1I1TO HI .KpllIOHHJO 66116 11 ,1, ;l 

ra pTO ()Oaa) 0'iyBa 3a fiy.i.yliHOcT. 



;i;HROT BOTVAKA 47 



OaMO pa3BHJaH,e CGMGHa no*niH>6 iWTaneM, nojaBOM 
mu.'ToBa. kojh* ce Bohca Kpacn 3a ftym BpGMGHa. 

- i i| »aee boJikg n one Koje HHcy omgtghg y nopacry 
ajj toe OHfta, t"U ^e aobo.lho pa3BHjy, Me^yTHM 

ne, noBpe^GHe n OHe BoiiKe Koje cg na^HHOM npo- 

"!,»■ <ii{H"iaBajv y nopacTy, Hnp. nma.iHpH, nnpa- 

btj., HBGTajy MHoro pannJG, ny Ta cg pa^ita 
Bjtiini BapaBHO sa ymrpti H.uxoBa iKHBOTa. 

I],BGTaH>e TpaJG y-onnrre y3GBiuH 3a K|)aTKO Aotfa, 
ynpaBO ,v>t.h\ ,\o k cg hbgt hg oe.ioah. 

K;u <:y Majyiima :ipima HBGTHora npaxa ^ocTHivia 
tawjy ::jm'.iimt, OBfla ce EpaniHHUG pacnpcHy, na cg cto- 

TIIHa.Ma UjMMlIV. J HCTO BpeMG pa3BHJG CG norayHO M 

TyiaK. 11a ce H9 ;i;iua .iy i in .iGEjLHBa tg^hoct (ryaia 
11 meLep), &a ce sa h, hbgthh npax MoatG eph-igehth. 
PasHome&e UBemora npaxa Bpnin cg op, ^gcth h bgtpom 
bo iiaJHohiiM &6A01 oh ,i,ocn6Ba y ebgt, a c thm h Ha 
Mr, !in<> ra npGiiocc e^g^ig h Apyrn hhcgkth. H ^hm 
ce obo AOTOflfi, o^Max cg Moacc 3ana3HTM qy^HOBaTa npo- 
■eHa y :i[iHny nBGTHora npaxa. T-aKO imp. rokaq ebgthh 
npax KpymKOBa iineTa. kojb je Ha hgkh Ha^HH aocego 

v pel jaC»yi;nn. B6 ll"i;a:;yjy HiiKaKBe 3HaK6 JKHBOTa, 
VI. li* 66 HB6TH1 HpHX, KOJfl J6 IiaO y EBGT BOhKG CBOJG 

. pa3BHje y H.iaiiiio, KOJ6 cg, pacTyhit na unatG, 
ii|M.H.ia'in spoa M''i;anu tkhbo '.ini.ia 11 hob CTydnha y 
ii.kmhiii; i.m. 9). Obo BdasHO ra^a hocb &o<$om a cBojy 

ivniy ';i,i.|.;i;i!!i\. na Kp03 BaMOTKOB OTBOp, yrniHiH' 11. HI 
[J \iiii,-|ioiim.iv. cnOJB 66 6 jajOTOM U <>1L/10AH 

11,1 , 1a. i.r pasBflja&e. 
E] b bko je per onio^eH, imai; ra paaHe Heno- 

0M6CTB j ll.»'rui;\ | » . t :; i; n j ;i n.\ . TaKo llll|i. BKO 

1 iiiwTimni npaxa na sir ryisa y<-na,i,a 

KHHla -a, 11. Hi AKO yirrrajv H.ia'.um BOTDOBH. 



48 



BCRKE II BOUE 



3pniJ,a upaxa ycuniy BO^y n npona^Hy; a aKO ce 3a 

Ayaie BpeneHa jaBii 
jy^HM iiCTap, OH^a 
ce ocynie jkmt h cry- 
6flti, na TaKO 6y,a,y 
HeyAecHH 3a oimo- 
l^HBaite, 

BotiKe Koje pano 
HBeTajy ^gcto cy ne- 
noy3AaneypoAy,jep 

MM I^Bd peTKO KaA 

ocTane s^paB, aKO 
HacTynnx^ia/i,HoliaoA 
1 — 2° n,. TaKaB je 
UBeT 06mm Beceo 
joni caMO ao H3./iacKa 
cyH^ieBa, a *ihm cyimc 
6rpaHe h cbojmm spa- 
UHMa o6acja UBeT, 
BBeT HaMax noijpHi, 
CBeHe h oj\ H,era ne- 

Ma BHBie HHKaKBO 

Ha^e. 

S* /l,a ce u,BeT Moace 
jaMa^HO h noTnyno 
oimoahth, EOTpe^HO 
je ^eno h thxo Bpe- 
Me. BoiiKe Koje ce 
raje y o6./iHKy mna- 
.iMpa, aKO cy 3a- 

E^OH,eHe KpOBOM, MO- 

pajy ce sa BpeMe 




d. 9. Il3MeA iMOAHHiia h upeBpHyTor 
ceAieHOBa nyno^^Hiia y TpeHyTKy ou.ac- 
!>HBaH>a; u imoahhk, ct CTydnh, mc ismx 
ca ABa 3pnu;a ijBeTHor upaxa, *mje cy 
neBH (v,) Kpo3 CTy6iiheB KaHa.i ypac.ie 
y n^oAHHKOBy Ayu&y, kpo3 ycxaime (mh- 
KponHAy) h en amy ujnojmvLhehe je3rpe 
(j) y^a3H jeAHa u,eB ao jajirax he.iMua 
ii.ui k.ihu;hhhx wexypHha (k) y Bpxy 
cMopnoHOBe Kecnne (e); a aiiTHiioAC, tj. 
Tpii he.iHii,e Koje ne cyAciyjy y npouecy 
ouAo^HBan>a ; c cTpjma (uyimaiia BpBi;a); 
ynyTpainibJi ; o" cnoj.amitH oMOTan. 

HB(JTJiir»a 6(Soho aajiHiMTii. 



HCHROT BOHAKA 49 



AiCO j<B oinoljiiBMll.t' HB6T8 HSBpHIiMlo ItaO fflTO 

rpetfa, a npii tom raje Aa&e hipiiim oMeTeno, HacKopo 

> III * i;|>YIHIIUL II|i;l!HIIUHII 11 fTYollli. a M.TTO 11 

Maiiuma. jep Tii, vi \|Kiii.i>iimi cokobh Kpyate \ imoahhk, 

ll;i ce 6p30 piwiuijn n.io.l, CR nvMi'HDM. A H60IM0i>eHH 

ipeTOBi, in'Majyhii nproflatfa 3a shbot, ona^Hy, tj. 

.BOtiKa 66 M11CT11". 









VI 
CnOJbAfflHE IIOrOflEE 3A JKHBOT BOTiAKA 



Opraim bohkhhh nory bpiiihth cBojy parity Kao 
mio Tpetfa, a c thm ce 04 BotiKe jiory a*>6hth HajBeiie 
KopncTH, caMO aKO hm Hfly mi cyepeT h noro,/\6e Koje 
ce CMaTpajy aa ochobv cbc pa^n>e H>nxoBe, a c thm h 
atHBOTa itHXOBa. To cy TaKO 3Bane cuoJbaume uozo^,6e 
eae uozorfoe OKOJiune y tcqjoj eoKne oicuoe. HsMefyjf 
obhx HaJBaamnje cy : Ba3Ayx, cbgt.ioct, BO;i,a, Ton^ioTa, 
iKMoacaj h 3eMAa. 

1. Basayx. Ba3^yx ce y MaBHOiie cacTOjn H3 
CMece a,30Ta h nuceonuna, h to TaKO, 4a oa npn^HKe 
na qeTHpn neTHHe a30Ta AO.aa3H je/j,Ha neTHHa KnceoHHKa. 

Ba3AyuMii wuceouuK yAHmy h 6n./LKe h jkhbo- 
THH>e ? oh EOMaate caropeBaite h pacnaAame; 6e3 H>era 
He 6h nocejaHO ceaie momo onjaTH, hhth 6h x.iopo- 
$H^iHa spHna 6n.ia 3e,ieHa, ua Ha Taj HaHHH He 6n 
momo 6wjbKe h3bphihth ycBajame yivbeHHKa, hhth 6h 
6h.io y H>HMa npoMeTa xpaHe, KaA ra 6njbm He 6h 
yAHca^ie. H>eroBHM ce vTHuajeM Men>a 6h.i>ho zmvekao 
y 6ejieo kjteao h 6hj>ho H.pBeHH,io Ha .oiiihy y flotfa 
ona/j,aiba yiniiiha ; a jeAHH»eH>eM c pasHHM MHHepa^iHHM 



bAUllbE IloiO.Uii: 3A iKHBOT 



MMIVjilIjaMil KH660HHB npaBll paH.HIHlK' C0.1II, KOJHMS C€ 
6MAK6 Xjiailc 

/ (ryiiini:) paafaaayje jano a^Jctbo KHceoHH- 
kobo, sad ro^ nrro poia pasfaaayje nnmpnr u.hi .i.yty 
pftKirjy, a Etao xpaHa Be nose ,ui nocjiyau fni.i.KaMa. 
r.t'li pa nii.i,i:c iiaoaiu.ajy y Apyroi o&ftHKy. 

V Ra;uyxY n.\ia join yzAewuKoea ^eootccu^a, oo- 
• uajk ii OMOHvjaKa. 
YuhenuKoe aoookcua crctojh ce n:: yvbewum w 

K/(/{<i. a M\ 36A6H6 J6 nll.I.I.'t 1 . KaO H KHCeOHHK, 

04 Eeoi^eftOHe »pt\inorni. jep ce 04 sera h oa r<u<\ 

DpuiKOM aniMiuaiink' ouora raca, nope/i, ,jpyrnx yr.i.c- 
hiix xiupaia. CTBapa ii ufiAyjma, Koja je, irao niTO 
je pewHO, r.iaiuiu cai'TaHiiu r i,eo heaimHe onHe. TaAa 
uii.i.Kc ynoTpetie w'.mmmk ss oeora raca iia rpa|y no- 
rpetfrax .Ma'n.'piija :ui tuMii'iiiy oimy, a KHceoHHK oraycTC, 
Te ce if.ii.Me nai;na r i,ii y HpHpop ryuirrai; RHceoHHKa, 
Koji ce tjioiiih AiK'aihe.M. rope&eM, pacna^afteM h Tpy- 
.l.t'H.rM. re ce obc pa^fte n ,ia.i,c Bpme. 

\in {r HU uapa ciijH'«iaHa RcyrnHBaite (Sn^aKa h ara- 

' f,a. 

Amohujoh cacTOJH ce <»,i, aaoTa H<>,i,enin;a. H>era 

11 H8B6CTafl fifio yr.i,t'iiiii:ni;a poOKCHA* CHOce y sivm.i.y 

% n;i irii.'ll (K'llllia 1IT1,.). BS TOM KOpeHOBC A^aKe 

njmy aaoT, a i:a.i, ce BOAa fcEMe Bacirctf, on^a .mi.-we 

pacTBapa nraepaAHe naTepije. 3aTO je n najMaii.a ku- 
iiiinia 60&& Hero EKaso sadHBa&o. 

2. CBeTJiocT. Koahko je Ba khbot boIkhb :nia- 

'lajaii h;i:',i\\. T04HKO je BCTO Ba H. iHia'iajiia n CB6T- 

AOd : j'Mini" ce iLUija&e ceieHa Bpma Ban cbomocth, 

a. in. 'HIM ce i;.uiiia HOJaBH, CB6TJ10CT je TV. ,i,a joj 

oneraHas. 

4* 



52 BOTvKE II BORE 



^.Hiune je BotaKa m ocTa^nx tfafoaica n(MoaceHo 
TaKO, 4a cyH^aHH 3paii,H Ha/j,ajy Ha h» iuto ynpaBHnje, 
4a Ha Taj Ha^HH 6y/i,e ^aic/ie EdAomno CBeT^ocTH y 
niTo Behoj iiepn. 

H HBeTy je noipe6Ha cBeMOCT, jep ($63 H>e po/i, 
He caMO iuto He 6h Morao £03peTH, Bek ce He (m iiorao 
hh pa3BHTH. — OHa je^ 3a jkhbot BokaKa h MHornx 
^H^aKa 3HauaJHa y TOMe, hito ce y ./minky, Rao hito 
je HaBe^eHO, H,eHHM yTnuajeM, a y3 capacity x.iopo$n.i- 
hhx 3pHau,a, pa3ABaja yivLeHHKOB /^bookch^ y CBOJe ca- 
CTOJKe: yivbeHHK h KnceoHHK, tj. Bpnin ce noneHyTa 
acHMH.iauHJa yr.fceHHKa. A a HH J^ cbgimocth, He 6h momo 
(>hth capa/i,H>e x^opo$n,iHHx spnana, jep OBa y noifprara 
He 6h 6ea?l 3e,ieHa, na ce Tano H3 MpTBe, HeopraHCKe, 
npnpo^e, h ano cy ocTa^n uhhhohh Ty, He 611 Jior.ia 
CTBopnTH MBa, opraHCKa npnpo^a, opraHCKH cb6t. 3aT0 
ripn rajeity BOhaKa Tpeda ^a nasHMO, /j,a ce ca^ense n 
0CTa.ie pa^ite y^ece TaKo, KaKO he BOhKe 6hth itito 
Bnme ocBeT^eHe. 

3. Bo^a. CBaKa 3e^eHa 6n^.Ka caApJKn BO^e otco 
V 5 oj\ He.ie CBOJe TeatHHe. 

HaJBeka ce KO-iHunna 6hjlhhx xpaHHBnx laTepnja 
Mopa Hajnpe pacTBopHTH y BO/p, jep caMO TaKO Mory 
y^ia3HTH h KpyatHTH Kpo3 6EJbKj. Bo^a npo.aa3H Kp03 
u,eo ;khbot (fe&aKa, pacTBapa ^aK.ie noTpeCwe xpaHHBe 
MaTepnje (Hapowro 0,4 je 3acnneHa yivteHHKOBHM abo 

OKCH^OM H aMOHHJaKOM) M AOBO/!,H HX y TaKaB 06 AUK, 

pacTBop, ^a hx 6ea>m Mory y3HMaTH. Oceii Tora 04 
yrjLeHHKOBa ABOOKCH^a h BO^e cTBapa ce y (JnAKaMa, 
Kao hito je noMeHyTO, H,ejiy./i03a 3a he^HUHy onHy, a 
HcnapaBaiteM HenoTpedHe BO^e Kpo3 ctomg (Tpancnnpa- 
hhjom) H3a3HBa ce Kpy.iKeH>e xpaHe. 



niu.i.AiiiihK noro.ua :u HtHBOT 53 

4. Ton.ioTa. II TOiLaora je je^Ha Ofl bjuo 3HaTHHX 
noroAatia ::;i SHBOT BOtKIH. 

,l.a BoLse &ao nrro rpetfa Haii]>e,i.>j> a r \a ce Etao 
urn* na.i.a pa;;iuijy. iiOTpetfHO je, ,\a cp<\i,n>a roAHnma 
roiMOia Be tfy^e Man.a <m, 7 — 11° II,. HajBiiiiie toii.kitc 
H3icsyjy opax, (5pecKBa a Kajruja. a naj.Maii.y Mory 
DOAHOTfl r|»t'iiin,a. jaoyi;a n aeCKa. 

Hame Boise nory npeBuaiTB Rao nrro rpetfa 
CKopo y oBHMa epajeBHMa, h peTKo ce ^ecn #a 3(>or 
x.ia r uio!i»' ii[M»na.uiy. IIpeKO 3BMe no kojh nyT H3Kp3Hy 
[•cm M.ia r i,a}iii. a Ofl D03HKX jrpa36Ba, r^e c\ obb 
■ifcTii, voze crpa^aTB hbgt. r re saTO y TaKBHM Kpaje- 
Boa Tpfua uiijumi boIkb Koje AOUHnje uBeTajy, a npn 

TOM KM ftpBO B6 rrpa,l,a Ofl 3HM6. 

ToiuoTa a n.iara dy^e cewe Ha OHJaae, 11 obo 
jc naj;Kiii',.i.»' 11a TOILIOTB ofl 5 — 35° IJ. ToiMOTa c 
upoaeta ny.1,11 R bhbot boIikhh, a H>eHHM yniuajeM 
BcnapaBa ce B9 BoLasa mumma Bo^a, Te ce trko oMory- 
}.;ii',a spysefte xpaHe a e tilm ii nrxpaH>HBa.H>e boIikhho. 

>'i;ynnc iipn.ijjh-c caKBor itecTa y noraeAy Ha to- 
n.iory. n.iary n BerpOBe sadHBajy ce oiiiiitii.m iimghom 

K.iii.Mai i:nh;ii:a £6AB C€ npc.Ma J ciitT.aii.y iiamiix 

Mpmipc.uinx mu.aKa na HOT ou.iacTii (perHOHa) if 

ro aa: o6aoct aum o6aoct 03um€ uxaenuue, o6aoct 

d6aoct japux yceea 11 q6aoct ucwnaka. 

UU5T ni1y\i:;i la liajlichll ,l,co H.iaHUHClMiX 

saja; ry je spaj n rajeay Botaita, aa je siwo 

iri'imi-.n. mi.i ::;i BOfcapCTBO. 

unosi .">.;< ycneBajy aaj6oAe cbc copie 
1 b ohc soje ii" iipnpniii cbojoj BSHCKyjy ne- 

POIUHJH IMIIMaT. imp. i'»a,ic\i. Kajruja, npccinia. no.i.c 

COpTe lll.l.Ul:a. B6CT6B II <>pa\. Hanpo'llll!. licifc rnpr<< 

1 H KpyiuaKa. um> CTaCABajy .in 11 y OBOJ ofaaCTH, 

uwv raico coroe b yxycHe b raje y x.ia,i,uujr.M 



54 BO'RKE II BOTlE 



K.iHMaTy; cen Tora, y oboj ofaacTH Biiine CTpa^ajy bfl 
Mpa3eBa BOHEe Koje paHO njBeTajy, Hero y octbjlbm ofua- 
CTHMa y KojiiMa ^ou,mije HBeTajy. y oboj ce o6jiacTii 
una BHine paHnje 11 H3Hype po/i,He copxe BonaEa, Hero 
y x./ia^HHJHM K^LHMaTHMa. Ha h HeKe copTe 3hmckiix ja- 
6yKa H3ry6e y oboj o6.aacTH ^ocTa op, CBora yKyca, n aso 
cy OB^e HHa^e MHoro .lenine. 

y o6aoctu uuieuuue MHore bohec Hanpe^yjy Eao 11 
y o6jiac,TH BHHOBe .io3e, caMO hito n.ieMeiiirnije n ocer- 
^HBiije copie Tpa^e 3aniTHTe npeno 3HMe h npiicoJHiija 
MecTa, h.ih p,3L ce raje y3 3ii,ioBe. Opax nanpe^yje OB^e 
Ao6po, a EecTeH He 6am Taso noy3,a,aHO. 

06mwt 03UM6 paofcu Maae je noBo.Biia 3a rajeae 
BohaEa, f re je 3aTO Botap orpamiqeH y ii36opy eopaTa, 
a necTO je h npHMopaH, 4a 6o^»e copie rajn y ouiiiky 
mnajLHpa. HHane oB^e cmypHO pa^a H^aje ooii.my 6ep6y 
TaEO 3BaHO upuepe^uo eofie, jep oho y oboj oo.iarni n,mvra 
AOHHnje Hero y Ton^iHJHM KpajeBima. 

Ha nocieTEy y ooacictii japux otcura ycneiia caMO 
MajieH 6poj copaia h to ohhx, soje Mory HajjpasaTH jaKy 
3HMy h Eoje CTacasajy 3a ynoTpe6y 3a spate 406a 11 y 
Aiaae noBo^bHHJHM MecTHMa. 

5. HoJioaKaj. Bonne ce Mory rajnra na CBaKOM 
iio^ojKajy, ajin je Be^nica pa3^HKa y KaKBoliM pofla 11 
koa je,a,He n Hde copTe, Ka^ ce raja Ha jkkshum no- 
^oataJHMa. 

y onnrre y3eBiHH, BOhKe MHoro 6ojhe ycneBajy h 
poA hm je a&JieKO yKycHHJH, Ka/j ce raje Ha npHCOJHHM 
crpaHaMa, Hero Ka# ce raje y ocojy. Hajo6H*iHHJe Bote : 
jadyKa, Kpynraa, Tpenuta, BHnma, opax h KecTeH 3a- 
XTeBajy ciodoAHe (oTBopene) ncfloraaje, Te bsto paca# 
hhk h pacTH.10 Ba^a && cy Ha TaKOM MecTy, ^a ce OBe 
BotiKe joni H3 Ma^ieHa HaBHKHy h orapcny, KaKO 6h 
AOHnnje Mor.ie noAHera h cBao Apyrn ncaoj&aj. 

CBaKH nojioataj y He^eM je oa KopncTH, a y He^ieM 
oa nrreTe. Tai;o Hnp. Ha bhcokhm h c^o6oahhm no^io- 



('iio.i.Aiiiiii: norpABE sa jkhbot 55 

xajixa, sa Bo.iiiKiiM paBiumaMa n na ceBepHM crpaiiaMa 
Boblce ifaae rTpa,i,ajy <u npoaeraHx (no8Hix) MpaaeBa, 
jep "iue noaHBJe iute-Tajy. a. in y obekhm nodOSaJHMa 
iiaji;ai'niijo caspeBajy, a Mflore cop're He Mory hh 4,0- 
.j|m 'Tii. na una mime hh pa3BHTH ce Kao mTO Tpetfa. 

Ha jysHHi no.io.Kiijinia Bone ca3peBa HajpaHHje 
n |i<u je Bpjio Aen B YKyraii. ajifl OB^e BOhKe naie 
noHaJBmne 04 ikwhiix MpaseBa, jep paHO HBeTajy, h to 
y to.ihkoj Mepn, ^a je 6ep6a Hecro Henoy3£aHa. 

Ha iinoMiiii.M no.io^ajfnia BOhKe Tanolje flotfpo 
sanpeAyjy, jep <yHHe otfacjaBa 3eir&y ao no,pe, r re ce 
raKO y seifAfl o^pxaBa Bnnie B.iare ho Ha jy^HHM no- 
Aosajufa, a.in hbct h OB4,e necTO CTpa^a 04 MpaaeBa 
1 po£ .vmiuije craeaBa. Ha obhm no^oaiaJHAia KpymKa 
yen*' na CBar^a tfo&e o,\ ja6yKe, Koja je otfpaTHO Ha- 
upe.unija o& Epynote, saA je Ha npncojnMa. 

Ha ;'„uia,i,iiini 110,1 offiaJHMa. fye cymje orpeua 1 -jnio 
AO BOAH6, yi'ifcua ,i,odjii> npHBpe^HO Boke, tj. odnMiiiijc 
CopT6 jaoyi;a. irpyiiuiKa h m./bHBa, aio je saooaeno oji, 
KomaB€ fycroKe)-, HapaBHO y iiecrHMa r/i,e Bjia^ajy obm 

BOTpOBI. 

II na 66BepHHi uojiojKaJHMa raJH ce caMO npHBpe,po 
Bote, jep obo Ma. 10 cTpa^a 0^ ho3hhx npa3eBa, a. 111 
C TOra, iiito pOA iiajjia.uijc rracaua n hito ce M^a^apn 

we qecrc Be norj AotipQ ,ia 3,a,pBeHe, HaJMaae cy 
iio.vnni :;a rajcu.f p,ol,ai:a. 

4,a 61 66 11 j » 11 canity BoLaKa imtfpao hito (joah 
noAOsaj, KOAOimea iioji'.unmx Bpera boIbkb noMeHyfceMO 
soji QOAOxaj saxTena Koja Bpexa. 

6. 3eMjLa. /l,a BoJiKe sanpeAyj; Kao dito xpetfa, 

in 1 > 1 <» BBB€ 11 .i.a Ba CB6 BpeM6 0611. mo paljajv, n j>n fM>,i,n<> 

j*'. i;i rpetfa ,ia je a Beiua \.i«'nia sa bhxobo ycne- 

BAft6, tj. i;i imjc nil i',ia;i;na, nn \.ia.i.na. mi Tpoiinia, 



56 p.ot.ki- ii i;oi;i: 

mi adiijeiia (THj) r ],ft). 3aT0 y b.iu;khmm h fio^apmiM aeu- 
.1)<i.m;i, y Kojioia Tpyiiy .iKii.ie BotaEa, Tpeoa upe capita 
HcyiuHTM aeM.i>y na no^ecaH na™i, a nocHy 3eM.Ly 11 
iio^y6pnTM. A c Tora, iiito je h oco6niia s^paBHue 04 
Be^MKora 3Ha i iaja 3a rajeite BOhana, no r rpe6Ho je 4a 
ee h 011a 11a Heo HamiH nonpaBH. Hepo/uiocTii n MHoriM 
6o^ecTH3ia (atyTEBH, cyxoBpxacTH, npepaiioj erapocTH 
ht^.) yapoK je y naJBHKie c./iy*iajeBa Heno^ecHa 3Apa- 
Bima. y onniTe y3eBnin, 3eMjta 3a rajeite BOhaKa Tpeda 
4a je iuto TponiHHJa n iiito ^yCLia, 4a KopeH Moxe 
iaKO npo^HpaTH h #a ce iiito 6ojlq pasrpaiaBa, aa'msi 
XA je yMepeiio BAmm, fla ce xpaiiiiBe MaTepuje Mory 

paCTBOpHTH M IipHBeCTH y 06./IMK, H3 KOJera EX BOhKa 

Moace y3e™, na HapaBHO h ^a y 36MAH ioia y wdo6iiJb} r 
xpaHMBMX Ma'repnja. 

OTy^a, 4a 6h ce 04 rajeaa BoKaKa snada uito 
do.La h noy3/i I aHHJa KopacT, npapoAiio je, ^a npena obomc 
Tpe6a r \n 3naM0 n na kojoj aeM.ui uojeAiiHe BOhKe iiaj- 
6o;Le Hanpe^yjy. To koio, Kao h aa uo.iojKaj, iiomchytii 
K04 ounca noje^MHMx Boka&a. 




fc-a#3*£3*£2y0S#Ba*&i^# 



000000 



35fu'^ *2|tf ^ "21? vl? "* ^S»^S" ■ 



VII 
II03HABAH)E BOTvAKA 



1. Jaoyica (Pyrus mains L). OAOMakmt je y 
JeBpomi ii A;uijn. n y ,i,hiu>i\m iTaii.y pasJiHKyje qe 
nicer BpCTa : P. mains, P. sylvcstris, P. prunifoUa, 
P. I, urea f a, P. spectabilis H P. prumila. 

y<-iit j B;i ftoripo na OHHSHM 6pAHMa, V 01IIHTC nn,l,a. 
\\\r IMH.MaT lllljt' ryx. I laj.lollllljc HJUI |M\t,V jt^ IU1 jyjKHHM 

ii cesepHHi ncuoxajraa. 3a eeBepHe noAoasaje Aotfpe cy 
••;iM<» AeTfte ii jeeefte copTe, Koje (>H,i,( k iiory ffim AQtfop 

I! It'll pOft. OceTAHBHJe COpTO, liapo'IHTO OH6 WJH DOA 
iifiryna b .louiiiia nere, Tpi'ua rajirni na jyroHCTOwim.M 
il«».l'»;i;ajiiMa. II,I',"T jc OCeT&HB o.l, Mpa:!CHa. /|,HB.&e COpTe 
po ii na 600 m. n::na,i nopcite noBpiiiimc. 
a ii.icm.-iihtc .;a.\T<M',ajv. y uiiiiitc y:icmiin. luimaT BH- 
BOB6 4086, Dfl ,i.a C6 KaKO I'.a.i.a |)a:;Miijy. n aKO u viiorc 
H«'ii,»'ii.' copT€ |»;il).-ijy ftotfpo n n::na,i, rpaiiiinc luinonc .1036. 
.V|,'<»|it'ii.ai;a 66 ILfflTRO, jcp CBOJ6 '.l.'ll.lc llYlirra Hllllic 

j iiim|»iiii}. pe Baro a wum rpetfa ,i,a j« i nrro cHasMja, 

i.a nnj*' eyxa, Tenraa i \.ia,i,ua, a y .ivuiimi <m, 1 &., 

SHJ16 i"iiii|i\. i,a nnjc i;a\i»'i!irra nn iii.i.ynuoiurra. 

• l.<* liaiiiM'iyjr y l.u.i.aMa. ua irpc'iyiim ll .lailopa'lll. 



58 BOUKE II BOTxE 



H3 cesieHa nponsBe^eHa BotKa 30Be ce mmiauw 
eae Aueaam, Koja ce, c Tora ihto joj je po/i, o6h*iho 
.ioiuhx ocodsHa, ynoTpe6,kaBa Kao no^ora n^eMeHHTHM 
copTaMa, Koje ce raje Kao bhcokc BotKe, a 3a HncKe 
BoiiKe, ear Taico 3BaHe Kpac^yniH, npenopyqyjy ce mi- 
powro no/^ore op, uerpoeme jaCym (Paradies), xo- 
jiau^cne ja6yne (Doucin) h nucejbaue (P. baccata). 
Ha obhm no&ioraMa Moate ce ja6yo raJHTH y cBHiia 
o6^Hii,HMa hhckhx BotaKa , tj. y o(MHKy nnpaMH^a, 
ua-iMe'ra (mna^npa), cBeTaaKa, Kop^OHa ht^. 

Ja6yKa Moate aocthhh BHCHHy 04 15 m. m khb6th 
60 — 80 ro^HHa. j\q6ao je o6hmho KpaTKO, jep Bet 11a 
bhchhh oa 2 — 2*5 m. npe.aa3B: y KpyHy. KpyHa je y 
HeKHx copaTa h^ibtko cBe^eHa, a y HeKHX Ay6oKO 3a- 
KpyateHa, Te je OTy^a h^ih wupoKci, aKO je Beta ihh- 
pMHa oji, Ay^KHe, eae fiyzyjbacTa, aKO je Beta ^yatMfla 
o/i, niHpHHe, eae uyzjiacTa, aKO je iunpHHa npnd.iMJKHO 
paBna /ijjkhhh. Kopa je CHBO-iuaBa, .ocTacTa h a^eyie 
ce y noninpHM KajunraMa. Ap B0 P aCTe A° CTa 6p30 7 na 
3a r ro h HHJe TaKO TBp^o Kao KpymKOBO, a^H ce hiiuk 
pa^o ynoTpe6^»aBa y CTO^iapcTBy 3a pa3./iH l Me H3pal>e- 
BHHe, jep ce Amo yMa^ia. ^.eTopacra cy 3e.aeH0-MpKH, 
u,pBeHKacTH eae jLydnqacTO-MpKH, a nynoAHH cy KyHa- 
ApacTH (ByHacTH) e ^ocTa cy Ha 6^H3y. 

jlnnite je jajacT0-3aBpniKacT0, ncenKaHO Ha 3aiy- 
oacTe 3ynH,e, 0340 je otfpacao 6qaem pynosi h Ayate je 
04 neTe^Ke 04 npn.iHKe 3a je^aH nyT. 

II,BeTa y anpn^iy. I^Bete je xepMa^po^HTiio h npa- 
beako, nope^aHO je y KopnM6e (niTHTOBe, aMpe^ie) n 
H36ija y hcto BpeMe 04 n ^nnite. ^ania je neTO^HCTa, 
A^iaKaBa h npnpac,/ia y3 haoaevljh, a Ha.Bpxyje noAe- 
^eHa y neT KpnaeaKa. H KpyHnna je neTO^HCTa, a ae- 
cthhh cy pyatnqacTH, jajacTO-Ayry^acTH h cyjKeHH y 



I103HABAH>E BOHAKA 59 



.lyra-iai; HOKaT, Ilpaminnui cy KJTH, GdO<$0,pH H vtkj>- 
beini y qannmy rpmsj c EpyHHHOM, a inia nx 15 — 30. 
i'tvuiiIih cj Dpi OGHOBl cpaciii. a u.Ma nx hot. ILioahhk 
je cpa<rrao c ?amoM h boao-mmi je Ha neT oKaua, y ko- 
jima cy no &Ba, h Binne, saiieTRa. 

DjlOA J€ Kp.lu paaOl^HOI 06aXR* H MOCHaT. Y.10KHYT 

je h;i 0(56 cTjiaiit 1 , iiajMiuinu iijicMa iictc.mui, KOJa jo 

spata <u n.uua, e saBpinea je onpaJKOM 04 waino, a 

doaoaoh, itao 11 ii.km.hhk, Ha neT OKarra (codnrra), KOJa 

\kviih'» 30BJ Hjii'unui : y cuaKOM okitj (co6mhh) 

ooii'iiin cj no pe ceitte, a pefye no jcAua. Kyliimaj*' 

iho y <j»t'.uniH, a.in y hckiix je copaTa donate *ramH, 

a koa emeu o.iiijko nrro.mn. J HeKnx je copaTa upo- 

/< /.hticTit. iin,\ je ,iyii'Hiia Belia oa ninpHHe ; y iieKiix 

'. K'a.i, j** ouipiHa uclia oa AF&HHe ; a y hckiix 

OKpyiM, saAJe mnjiniia KOdisa h Aysraa. Jour Moate 

hhth : oreopena n.in sareopena, npeara TOMe, 4a ae cy 

• 'Bii ii:',m*'1)V iouiih.i pecoptfoBaHi ir.iu nncy. Oko Ky- 

hniu' je repAuna, rj. TBpfye, ynpaBo pcKaBH*raBO-Ko- 

pacTO leco ; ohs je Ba^Bopemge 6oje oa Meca h OKpy- 

sera je mihuhm Ta*iKiiuaMa. Koje cy napowro yo^HBe, 

1 BpenoAOB&eH poj iipecTOJn H6K0 BpeMe na BasAyxy. 

.]," rapAiHe je leco, icoje je y neinix copaTa mckuho, 

a y hckhx docra Top^o, n npi'Ma t<>m<\ .i,a .ih je y 

Ht'lioj H.1H HEftOJ Mi'pH imy'IiaCTO, IMH je epAO COHHO, 

wo h.ih CAcUfo cohho (cynrao). Oa rora, ,ia .111 je 
corao h.ih He, sao b &a jib je CAaiKO, mcejw n.in 
H<n;i">.m. x iHoroiie BaBHCH ii ynoTpetfa caMora naoAa, 

. i,-i .in je bii ./''•'" ( ; '"i ct6), ;;i Tpzoouwy II. in sa 
"/>'/»>,!'/. Ifeeo OMOTaBa i;<»;i;mwi, KOJa je y b6khi eo- 
l»;n;i ./',///' '< w • j imm;h.\ tuapena, a y iickhx npy- 
zocTfl (aso je Hpiwiiiuo hocjto y opyraMa). V daoaj 
ii.Mii jatiyHM KuceAune, fktjwe zeJiaTune, ctcpo6a n 



60 



BOTvKR IT BCRE 



uieRepa, a y Kopn jo .leKOBHTa MaTepnja (fijuyputyun. 
P04 ce jaB.ta Ha rpaaana 04 1 — 4 ro/pHe, m to Ha 
upcTeiiacTHM 6o4AaMa, KpyTHM po/uiEM rpaHasia h bhtkbm 
POAhhm rpaHaMa. 

CopaTa HMa MHoro. 

IIoMO^ior .iynac, yaoBBin 3a ochobv no/i,o.iy /lu- 
jioey e Xozoey, no/j,e^HO je CBe copie jadyKa, pa r p 
6o^er pa3^BK0BaH,a r y neraaecT rpyna, tj. 11a: pe6pa<ie 
(Calvillen) , BBe^apKe (Schlqtterapfel) , JKyTHHO ham 
y^aTa^e (Grulderlinge), pyatnue (Rosenapfel), rojiy&raia 
(Taubenapfel), 3yKBa^e (Rambour oder Pfundapfel), 
3yKBacre pene'ro (Rambour Reinetten), je/i,Ho6oJHe pe- 
HeTO ear BOCKOBaqe (Einfarbige oder Wachs Reinetten), 
ManiaHCKe peHeTe (Borsdorfer Reinetten), ijpBeHe peHeTe 
(Rother Reinetten), chbo peHOTe (Glraue Reinetten), 
atyTe eae 3.iamiHKe peHeTe (Glold Reinetten), npy- 
ra^e (Streiflinge), yyitaqe (Spitzapfel) h KO^a^apKe 
(Plattapfel). OBa je noAe.ia Bpe/i^ia CBe 40 CKopa, pa,p 
*iera je, c HaJTa^iHHJBM ohbcom noje,pHHX rpyna, yHO- 
meHa y CBa HeMa*ma BOhapcrBa, &ar y noc/ie/jite Bpeaic 
Hannijia je Ha jane npNTHBHHKe, kojh £OKa3yjy Aa y 
onniTe noMo^ioinKe CHCTene HeMajy 3a H03HaBaH>e copaia 

HHKaKBe BpeAHOCTH. 

Ja6yna no cbojoj Bpe^HOCTB 3ay3HMa npBO Mecro 
Mefyy BOhKaMa, jep joj ce po^ amorocTpyKo ynoTped^aBa. 
CnpoB je po^ Ao6ap 3a je.10, na ce TaKO nenH b Kao 
TproBHHCKa po6a, a ^otfap je h ca cymeae, ueo mar 
y KpnniKaMa, 3aTHM 3a KyBaite neKM63a, a Hapo^HTO je 
H3BpcTaH 3a jadyKOBa^y, Koja je 3^paBO h yKycno HHhe, 
h HajnpnjaTHHJe H3Mel>y cbhx a.iKOxo./icKHx nana. O4 
KHce^iHx jadyKa h rBoat^a cnpaB^a ce oco6bth eKCTpaKT 
(Extr. ferri malati), kojh ce y .leKapcTBy npn^inqHO 
ynoTpe6,i>aBa ; a oj\ 3pe.ox caaTOX jadyKa totobh ce 



n03HARAH>E BOH AK A Gl 



A6K0KT (o^Bap) sa rTiiniM uaH.e BaTpe n iipoTiiBy Kaiiu.a. 
K\ naiie ii. in iicuMie jatfyite CMaTpajj ce Kao u.iaro 
roo sa i iiiiulitMf,e. a ne^eHe yBOTpetfj&aBajy ce 'i< 4 - 
i'to ii yuecro nmsape. Cob ce 0,1, jatiy&a CHaTpa kro 
lotiap jies iipoTiiBy iipiuiiBu. a noxemaH c iie^oM n 
Dpornij ryinouo.i.e. O^Bap <m, i;ope oa CTadAa, a napo- 
mo c iJ'jM'iia. cxaTpa ce sao aes npoTHBy tfapcKHX 

l{H»::Hima. 

2. KpymKa (Pyrus communis L). OceM otfflrae 
AnLbase P. communis, Koja pacTe no myMaaia Cpe^H>e 
JeBpone, h oa Koje Bo^e nopeoo CBe n^eMeHHTe copTe 
Kpymai:a. nosHaTe cy 11 one r i,iiiu»e BpcTe : P. nivalis 
(y J. .leBpona), P. ussuriensis (y Xhhh h Janaiiy) 
11 P. eleagnifolia (y M, Aunjn 11 JepjieHCKOj). 

Kpynma ems Ma 11,11 tfpbj copaTa Hero jadfyKa, c 
iiito ii.ii'.MtMiiiTiij* 4 copie aaxTlBBajy Tomie, jyxHe 

iAOBAM ir<Mu;i;;ijp. 11 iiito 3a cboj nopacT iniici.'vjy 
iyuui;y 11 ftotfpj Bex&y, ii ai;o ,i,o6po HanpeAyjy m iia 

ma y kojhx je BApaBHna ikmiito MaatHa, caxo alto 
je ffponycTAiBa, ii.m aso ce cacTojn oa CTenmix jiy- 
ED6BEHa. Ilajuo.i.e ycneita na necKOBHTOj n-iOBa^m. Ha 
cyHiiiut' iua;i;HiiM 11 cyraii Bei&axa He Tpe6a je caAHTH, 
jep ce y npBoi &iyqajy iiaiiyic- uaxoftniOK, a y APyroM 
cj M.ia,i,a|ni spuaBora pacTa. Ha iipaseBHita je Ma&e 
oceTAoa eo jatysa, re ce 3aTO, Rao jaoyi.-a, rajfl w 

ii" hm;iii,hm;i. H0p6A HyTOBa, no i{oliii,aii,n.Ma I! DO r|»a,i,n- 
. V r[);i.i,iiiia\ia cy II. ill EUW OCpeA&e m»lii,'e ii.m KaO 

ipsAyno, 11 t.i.i.;i 11 m ce HajpaAqe ysmia sa noA^ory 
onoiceHeKa m. in Meyena mih,<i. npoH8B6A6Ha sa nyno- 

II. HI li<Uow;inina. caMO Tpcoa B6MA8 ,i,a je .l}u«n;;i. 

Aotfpa, Tonjia h BJiasna, jep j cyBHi qochhi gexAaxa 
.uuiiIh' (5p80 ttoxyra, na a caMO apbo ycryKHe y no- 
pacty, 1 poA ce m.ui pacnyMe n.m onaAfie npe Bpe- 



62 BOTvKR H ROTtR 



MeHa, ear My oTBpAHy Wnqmi TKaita, r re dy^e BHiue 
Muu.e KoniTaH. 

KpymK^, rajeHa Kao BHCOKa BOhKa, Moate aom- 
BeTH Ay6oKy CTapocT, h Ta^a nspacxe oko 20 m. KpyHa 
je Haj^enike nnpaMH^ajiHa. ^,pBO je TBpfye h saTBopeimje 
6oje oa ApBeTa jadyKOBa, Te ce 3aT0 y cmiapcTBy Biiine 
h ueHH. Kopa y CTapnjer ApBeTa ncnyna Bp.10. AeTO- 
pacTH cy BHnie MpKn ear ae^ieHKacTO-MpKH, a nynoAnn 
cy MaTKH, AOCTa Kpynun, .Lanrre h y/i,a^eHHJH cy ho 
y jadyKe. 

•ZLninhe je jajacTO, 3yn<iacT0, y ilmaocth nayiAHBO, 
a AOUHHJe cacBHM oaTKO h cKpo3 se^ieHO. 

I^BeTa no^ieTKOM Maja, npe jadyKe, a noc.ie Tpenn&e. 
Il^ene je Kao h y jadyKe xepMa$po,pTHO, npaBH.mo, 
nopet^aHO y KopHMde h H3dnja y hcto r i,oda oa h .inmhe. 
^tama je nemiHCTa, a h Kpyinma HMa neT jincTHha, 
kojh cy de.in, H3BpHyT0 jajacTH 11 e ftarmi hoktiiIuvm. 
IIpainHHHn cy .fcytfiraacTO-pyjKJuiacTH h ma hx 15 &o 30. 
CTydnhH cy c/iodoAHH h HMa hx neT. II^o,3,hhk je Kao 
h y jadyKe no^e^eH Ha neT oKaua h HMa neT CwiodoAHHx 
c/rydnha. 

ILioa j^ pa3^H^Hora od./iHKa h npn ochobh unje 
y^iOKHyT Kao jadyKa, Ben je 3aKpyateH hjih HCTaniiaH, 
a 3aBpmeH je, Kao h jadyKa, OKpaJKOM 04 ^anie; no- 
Ae^en je Ha neT OKaua, y KoJHMa cy no ABe ceMKe, a 
pe^e no je^Ha. Jan^a ce Kao h poA jadyKOB Ha np- 
CTenacTHM doA^aMa, KpyTHM poahhm rpanaira h bhtkhm 
po/j,HHM rpaHaMa. 

IIoMOjior ./LyKac uoj\qaro je h Kpynme, Kao h ja- 
dyKe, Ha 15 rpyna, yseBnra TaKO^e 3a ocHOBy CHcreMy 
4,n,iOBy h XoroBy. To cy rpyne : BOAeitauH h.ih Maciemee 
(Butterbirnen), chhkh BOAeH>au,H (Halbbutterbirnen), 
TaKyme ear Tapiine (Bergamotten) , cnnKe TaKynie 



flOHHABAlLE BOKAKA 63 



(Halbbergamotten), 3e.ieHe .lyraj.mje (Grime Lang- 
biraen), tiikuii'iiiiit (Fhschenbimen), kapajfaHjte (Apo- 
thekerbirnen) , Me.uum.ii (Rouseletten) , TaMfcamiKe 
(Muskatellbirnan), iLLyoKaBun (Schmalzbirnen) , mii- 
jUK'UBun (Gew&rzbirnen), .ivry.BacTH (UyTaBip (Lang- 
liche Kochbiriieii). OKpyrAacra 6.kyTaBii,H (Rundlielie 
Ivorlibirnen), Ayry.tacie CTHiicape (Langliche Wein- 
birnen) u oiq»\ r.iacre craicape (Rundliclie Weinbirnen). 

II KpyiiiKa je KopzcHa Bokica, Kao toa njatfyica, 
jep 66 n H>eH poA, Kao h jatfyKOB, MHorocTpyno yno- 
rpefoaBa, ynpaBO 3a CBe 3a ihto n jatfyKa, a oa irpn- 
BpeAflOi Boha, Koje ce Hapo^HTO ueHH 3a cymeae h 3a 
jauvKnuaqy. y nac ce npape^yje join h GOftmma, Koja 
ce 3 11. mii mije vMecro boa©, * ] )( U Tponra Kao npHJaTHa 
sasycsa. II Kao Assi eayaa hgto Kao h ja6yo, a H.eHO 
.mmhe CKyBaHO n.iii iicneqeHo c r&HBaifa (ie^ypitaMa) 
ysiMi oe sao .km: oa TpoBaH>a c r.LHBa>ia h Kao cpeA- 
1 ce npeAynpoAH TpoBaite rAHBaaia. 

3. Ay aa > A^yaa, ryaa, MpKaTyaa (Cydonia vul- 
garis). DopeKAOM je H3 IlepcHJe, a y Tp^moj je uii.ia 
nosHaTa join y VI »eKy. 

OtfOTHO J6 IIIIIo, KOJH AOCTHate BHCHHy oa 4 — 5 M. 

66 raj n 8a ce, ycneBa A°6po sa CBaKOJ 36mah h 
mi 6Baxoi H040*ajy; a Ka.ije na KpyniKOBoj iuii \w\- 
kboj APjroj BOAAoai, on, i,a 3axT6Ba AO^py, nia;i;ny, yMe- 
|M'ii()-i',.i;r,i:ny n toii.iy 3«'M.i,y. 

Ilajiit'liii 66 i»'" copaTa pasMfloataBa no-iow minima. 

I 68M0 B6K6 llj»l[<).i,iuni;i, illl|». aHX6HCK8 II M»Miri;;i. Tajll 
66 |';i.ui |»o,i.;i II |i;i,i,n iKM.KMf. n to B6 CaMO 88 oo.i.e 
60pT6 i}ii.;i. I'.i'f. H 88 i; j > \ in 1 :♦* . i.'a.i, 66 OB6 DOAMty E80 
BI6K6 BObftOj 1; f > VI.. I. \ III II . 3a OBO 66 iiajiuillie ih'im /«>/>- 
TyZOACKQ AptM, i.'oja 66 |»:i r i,il TOPS S6 |i;i:'.miio;i;;ii:;i n<>- 
.io;i;hiiii;im;i w«|, 016&6M. 1 1 punilji'iii' ir f » \ iir iro na ,i,\n.v 



G4 BCRKE TI BOTiR 



ciadnjer cy pacTa, Te je 3aTO h j\\mo oiiaite, Ha poA 
cracanajy pannje, pafyajy ooiliho, n po^ je ,ien, a,m je 
Ta^a BOhKa- Kpaker Beo, Hero Eafl ce y3ire sa no&aory 
KpyniKOBa ^HB^aKa. Odnnno ce npncafyyje ^yaa m Ayfi>y, 
a Ka/i, ce jkmh ^a tfy^e Ayaiera Bona b ^a po/i, 6y^e 
KpynHHJH, OH^a ce otfpaTHO HaBpte na KpyiiiKy, na ce 
TA^a rajn sao BncoKa BOhKa. 

Ay^a je no^ecHa h 3a amy orpa^y, h OH^a ee 
ca^n y paca^HMa o^ 15 cm., a aKO ce acin h /i,a pafyi. 
OH^a y paBMany oj\ 1 m. Pefye ce rajn y o(mhky nii- 
paMH/i,a h mna.mpa (na.nieTa). 

^axTeBa caotfoAHe (fcesa&aofteHe) no-ioacaje. Ha- 
npe/ijje Ao6po CKopo Ha CBaKOJ 3eMjtn ; a.in km/i, ce rajn 
pa/p noMore, OH/^a ne noAHoen hk cyBe hh BJiaacHe 

3eM^>e. Ha TpOIIIHHM, nOCHHM, B.iaffillHM II n.UITKII.M 36- 

M.i.aMa HaBpHyTe ^yae pam pfyuio, .limine hm hovkytii 
Ben Apyre roAHHe, ftratfjio hm ce eaBy^e paxOBHHOH n 
Kopa ncnyua BHiue Mane. 

»/LHinne je jajacTo, npn ochobh aaKpya&eHO, n;i 
Bpxy 3aTy6acro h.ih KpaTKO saBpniKacTO, 03 r i,o Kyiia- 
ApacTO h 6eAO. 

I^BeTa y anpiwy h.ih Majy. I^bctobh cy sao y 
cbhx jadynHnna *epMa*pOAHTHH , npaiuuiin, KpyTiim, 
ycaM.teHH h totobo 6e3 iieTe.LKe. ^ania je 3BOHacTa, 
neTO^ncTa, 6e^nnacTa h no o6oAy otfpacaa at.ae3AaHHM 
3yni^HMa. Kpymma je Tanofye neTO^HCTa, ^hcthJiH cy 
e^nnTHqHH, yceneHH n npn Bpxy 4;iaKaBH. 

II.ioa je KpynaH, MecHaT, MnpHnnnnB, OKpyrjiacT, na 
Bpxy yjiOKHyT, a no noBpninnn KynaApaeT ; no r T,p.Len je 
Ha neT OKaua. Caspena y cemeMdpy h.ih OKTotfpy. Ka&je 
CBeat, AOCTa je anop n CTe^e ycia 36or ja6y*me Knce^nne 
n TaHHHa, na ce 3aTO Hajpa^nje je^e, nomTO ce ncnene ii.ni 
ncKyBa, n.in i;aA ynpTH, hito 6nBa nocjie Ayacer CTajan,;i. 



n03HABAH>E BOTVAKA 65 



lyibii iwa Ma.io eopaTa, a ^ejie ce no od.iHKy 
iia jatfynacTe I tcpyimatire, a no KpynHonn Ha Kpyune 
ii ctmn. HspeAHe cj sa cymeae, cjiaTKO, KonnoTe, 
range (..cy.nr). a neKMe3 o^ n>nx *iyBeHJe y ne,ioM 
nofl HMeHOM MupMejia^a. 36or MaTepnja Koje 
ew*j i"i;i.iy ce ii jadyiMmniii, &a ce jatfyKOBaqa 6o^>e 
E36HCTpn, a 36or hcthx MaTepnja ynoTped^aBa ce n y 

.lrK;ijiiTi;V IIpOTUB npO.lHBa, O r VlHBa KpBH, XpOHH^HOr 

satapa m\\. U cense cy .leicoBHTe 3dor aqejlebex Ma- 
'ivjuija. na ce 3aT0 ynoTpeo.iuiBajy y pa3HHM 3ana^e- 
ibii.Ma. O r i, iliix ce npaBn y anoTeKana jieK Mucilago 
cydoniorum senimum. 

4. MymMyjia (Mespilus geraanica L). IIopeKjiOM 
je c Iia bi: a 3a. 

Otfnqflo je mud, a.m i;a^ ce y3rajn Ha Benrra^KH 
ii;i i iiiH. nose Hspacri 6 — 8 m. Pacre Bpjio cnopo, na 

M i,pB0 Bp^io sEiuaBO, ycae^ wa ce B.eoina onnpe 
■paseBKia n Mnoro neHH y CTO^apcTBy n CTpyrapcTBy 
(TOKapffra 

PasMHOxaBa ce ceaieHOM, Hy 40 po/i,a aombh ce 
i:\.\ ii i:;imo tipse, Ka^ ce y3Me 3a no^ory 6ejiu zjioz, 
;i j»fl,»' CMpjMUKoeuHa, npymna n MywuyAa. 

.VfiirBM Haj(k)Ae sa npncojHHM kak HeniTo 3ace- 
&6HHM DOAOzaJHHa. 3aflOBO*Ha je n 3e>i^0M ocpe^e 
lUOBOie, iiiifto'inTo y Kojoj iiMaiiOBnme Kpe^a, a^in miai; 
mime bojIH cyBy ho iua;i;iiy 36H&y. 

Annie je ,iym>acTO, 0340 M^Kano, npn itpxy 
Bymaero 1 ana Bpio Kparee neTe*Ke. 

II.iK'ia TOK Kpajeii m;ij;i. T€ Ba?0 ii.ijit lie ripa r i,a 

0.1, II«»:;hii\ \ip;i.;r: 'M'l'.'i II pMoi'.llo pjiljii. I^iie- 

TOBH CJ yniM.M'iiii. n;i Bpxy rpairn. n TO v cp<',i,iinn 

roMn.iniK' 0,1, .imiil,;i. KOJHM ce :;ai'.|>myjy rp;iii'iuiii\ 11 

im'T<m.i;c. 'I;iiii;i je |>\T;ii'.;i. ii<'T<miict;i n 

. 



H6 BOUKE II BORE 



TpajHa ; .ihcthbh cy .laHneTacTH n ajm 04 KpyHnne. 
H KpyHHiia je neTO-incTa, ho ^hcthhh cy aaTydacm. 
OaapeBa y cen'reMdpy, a^H po/i, Ha ApBery ho Moate hot- 
nyHO A03peTH, jep ra yxBaxe paHH jecenn MpaaeBH, to 
ce 3aTO Meke y ciaiuy h.ih y ceHo /ia yrH>n./iH. 

MyinMyjia HMa na.io copa'ra, c npyumiM h cuthum 
po,;oM, ca cejuemM h 6ez ceMeua (sans-osselets). 

TLaoh je, Ka^, yrHH.iH, Bp^io yitycaH, a 04 aera ee, 
Kao h op, KpymaKa, totobh BO/iHHKa ; ^o^aje ce Kao h 
AyH>a ja6yK0Baqn ? 4a ce 6(M>e h 6\ymq h36hctph h ^a 
6y/ie nocTojaHHJa, jep HMa ^ocra iiaTepnja, Koje aresy 
ycra. 36or tax MaTepnja ^aje ce h Kao .ieK npoTHBy 
npo^HBa, a KoniTHiia npoTHBy o&Mma kj)bh u npoTHB 
MOEpena necna. 0,pap o& CKyBami .muiha ynoTpeo.haua 
ce npoTHB ryinodoybe h Ka# 6oav a§chh h ycra. 

5. OcKopyma (Sorbus domestica L). 36or yi.yc- 
Hora po^a, kojh je ^otfap Ka^ yntH.iM, h a6or yKpacHor 
ApBcra ydpaja ce h y BOHKe, HHaqe ce BHiue pasyna 
Kao myMCKO Apso. 

YcneBa Haj6o^e Ha npncoJHHM MecTHMa, a ^odpo 
Hanpe/i,yje h CKopo Ha CBaKOJ 3eio>H; Banie bo.im cyny 
ho BjiaatHy 3eMAy. 

Perao ce Ka^ npncafyyje, jep H3 ceueHa /j,aje poA 
hct hx ocodnna ; a Ka/i, ce to *ihhh, 3a no&iory ce y3HMa 
6ejiu zjioz h^ih Kpywna npoH3Be/ieHa H3 ceneHa. y Hac 
je HMa HaJBHme no OKpajiiHMa inyjia h no BHHOtpaAHMa. 
Moate H3pacfH 10 m. h Bnnie. /l,pBO J e H.pBeHKacTO-ue.10 
h Bp.10 tbpao, r re ce 3aT0 pa/1,0 yno'rpe^aBa y kompctby 
h cxo^apcTBy. KpyHa je ^yry^acTO-OKpyMa. 

^.Hmne je AHXonepacTO, h ciojecho o^ 6 — 8 napa 
AyryyLacTHx, saBpniKacTnx h syn^ac'rax .iHCTHha. 

I],BeTa y Majy. Ujnehe je 6e./io h nopefyaHO y rpa- 
Ha're niTHTOBe, kojh cy KpahH 04 JiHCTa. lama je TpajHa 



nOSHABAH>E IJOT.AKA 67 

ii uia ner y no.i.e i-YBpafieiiiix ayCiaua. II Kpyinina je 
aeTOAHCTa, bo .uicnihii cj |>a:ine,MMiii. 1I.io,i,iiiik je, Kao 
ii j jatiyKe, iKMci.eii na bot oxaifa n sua ner ,via- 

KUBllX iTNoIlha. 

\\.\",\ ma 0,1, iipii.niKe 2 cm. y ii|h"ihiiky. H y hckhx 
je lia.inK na i;j>yjin;y : g npicoJHe je GTpaae ijpBeH, a Ka,i, 
y;;j>u CM6^. CaspeBa y aiuyny. /I,OB nc xmiiAE, create 
jaKO y<T,i. w it aaTo Kao m nynmy^a ,v>MJc ja(>yKo- 
uauii, r \a ce 5oa€ nii<-T|»ii n ,i,a ^otfaje .ienniy 6ojy, a 
yiiuTjH'ai.aBa ce n Kao .hm; iijiotiibv lipo.mua. 0,4 itera 
ce iiotc 11 paurja 11 wtobb flciSpo niphe, a Ka^ yrH,H.iM ? 
B|».io je vK-yctii. 

6. Tpem&e 11 Bamae (Cerasus Juss). nopeiuoM 
cj no cboj npii.iniui K3 Ma.ic A3HJe, a uikie cy no- 
.;iiaiv join 11 CTapBM rpiuiMa n IMiM.i.aiiH.Ma. TBpAfl ce, 
AS je .lyi;y.i npeHOO Tpi'iini.y na 74 ro.i,. upe Xpncra 
ii.; B&ponu D,epacoHTe (Zefano) y Pbm, b 4a je 3aT0 
11 iiu.maTa wu bmohob w Cerasus". ( 1 na,i,a,, Kao iiito je 
nai:»M''iK». \ «i»;iMii.nijy i;<»iiiTyiinna (Amygdalineae), a y 
ABB&6I rraii.v fiaiini|i(Mia je no ncioj .JcBponn II na 

HcTOKy, 11 to n. in sao fiuejba Tpeuma 11. 111 K&oemun>a 
11. in Kao MOipusa. 

ftusjba rpevma (Cerasus avium ttoench). Ahchb 

C] ii\iio.i,nn OMOTaHB milium .i.yriia.Ma. .Incur iihv.mt 
um;ij\ mi i',|).\y pe [jpBeHKacTe ;i;.ic:uim<': peteje nope- 

l,aiio \ DITlTOBe (aMpc.ic). a |»o,i, je cia^air, n nnjc noiyr 

bKOi sao j in.i.nBa. r KOJBMa cna^a \ wn\ •anuugy. 
Buuma (Cerasus mlgaris Mill.). PaaaBKjje ce 

IBA6 TfM'iiin.c \ TOMe, HIT" .iiktim iiyiio.uiii BBC] 

uMol.HIM I CMIIIIMM .|,\c|iaM;i. IIITo .HUTU' llrTCM.-l' III'Majy 

upn Bp.w ;i;.ic:iiiik' n ink. je p<n aaKBceo. 

Maipuea, cpeM3a, upejotca, fiuejba ewuma (Ce- 
Hahaleb Mill.). <m uafieAOHBZ pa&uiKyje ce wto 



68 BOUKE H BOT\E 



joj je Aftmhe CKyn^eHO y roMH.iHn,e, bito je u,Belie mh- 
pHiu^HBO h nopet>aHO y rpos^OBe, h bito je poa chtuh, 
hj)h, onop, na h ropaK. Tajn ce necro pa^n HO^ore 
h 3a TpemH>e h 3a BHinite, Ka/i, ce no^aty Kao Kpat- 
.tyiiiH .(HHCKe Bonne), a 04 po^a. npaBe y /l,a.iiMaHirJH 
oco6hth .oKep MupacKUH. J\$w ce Moate ynoTpedflTH 
y cro^iapcTBy m CTpyrapcTBj, a y mic cy npefye 6h.hi 
Ha ueHH niapeHH qnoyHH, Koje npas&axy oa OBor ApBeTa. 

O/i, j\mjbe Tpeniue Bo^e nopeoo cBe copie Tpe- 
mafta, a 04 BHHiH»e h jiarpuBe CBe copie BHman.n. 

Tpevma. YcneBa Haj6o;Le y toh.ihm Kpajenioia. 
a^iH ce AaKO npn^aro^aBa (aKjiHjttaTHsyje), r re ce 3aT0 
ycneuiHO rajH h y x^aAHHJHM h ysBinneHHJHii MeexHiia, 
a HaptraiTO no jiefynia. Oho y tojuko npe, hito je OHa 

3aAOBOAHa H IJ4H&0M, H6CK0BBT0M, Iia H Kpe^HOl :M'.M.l.oM 

tj. TaKBOM, y kojoj on oiTii.ie BoliKe, 36or ieAOBOAHe 
B^are, m\m\Ae, na h cacBHM npomue. Caio cyBHine cyBa 
3eif&a Hnje Ao6pa 3a Tpemae. .V koih.mimi.u (cypoBMM) 
KpajeBHMa neite ce Ha 700 — 800 M. h3hha nopCKe no- 
i5|niiiiiie. Hajtfojse ycneBa na necKOBjrroj eaobmm, K04 
Koje je 3ApaBHH,a upoin cT.T.nmt ; r ry je 6ep(Sa iiaJBeha, 
jep ce Ha TaKOJ 36M&H h sajtio&e ysope&aBa, 

Pa3MHoa$Ba ce cejaaeii, na ce AHB&aRe iiaBpliy 
iKe.LeHMM copTaMa, jep BOhKa npoH3Be^eHa H3 ceMeHa 
o/i,CTyna 04 cbojhx oeoonnft. Ma 4a ce Ha OBaj iiawMii 
&q6kao ^ocTa h £o6pnx copaTa, Hapowro TaKBHX Koje 
no/i^oce x^ia/i,HHJa 3iecra h Koje pannje cracaBajy. Kafl 
ce raje y rpa^HHH Kao Kp/K.LyniM, 3a noMory He Tpeda 
yseTH TpeniH>y, Beti srarpHBy uae „ no3esi.i.yniy u (Cerasus 
Chamecerasus'), HTa^a p Tpetia QApeAHTH nrro Ton.inJH 
UQAOZ&j H mT0 • inin,i y 8feM*y, jep irarpHBa y BJiaaHHU 

1 Huaait niHo, pacTe y nac. na ii|>ncoj iiMii n u<> BHiiorpa- 
,uimu, n.Ma BpceaacT po4- 



n03HABAHjE BOftAKA 69 

.it'M.i.aMii nit ru ofl ftrpasesa, a sanpOTiB y cymni nanpe- 
AIJ« Aotfpo. 

Tpenraa HspacTe 12—15 k. ii rpaje &ko 50 ro^. 
PacTe (jpso n tfyjHO. Kpyiia je inif>a m ii r T,a.iiia h /i,ocTa 
iipaim.iHa. flfi^AO je npn.ui'iiio fletfejo, a ynoTpofu.ana 

|ia:uiOBpcHe Hspa^eBHHe a napowro 3a CTyne. Kopa 
j»> upso-craa, y CTapocTH MHoro ncnyna ii .laKo ce i;a- 
jiinia. .i.yiuth. II:j KopeHa He M36njajy H34aB^H ; cieinrfiH, 
sao y HiiniH.f. .LeTopacTH cy r \e6.wL o^ BnniH,eBnx, 6oje 
cy upso-CMBe, c kobcKhm b r i,o™ socthm nynoAU,inia. 

. IninKe je /ijryjLacro, abojho penKacTO, Kpynno, 
MeKO, HemTO Ma^aBO h y Maa^ocTK BHiue MaH,e OMeay- 
paHO. irt'iiM.Ke cy r i,ocTa 'ramie, 3aT0 .inmiie eucti; miajy 
no ,\w ;K.ie:uime n o6hiiho cy no Tpn saje^HO. 

I^Bexa y anpn^y h Majy. Il^eLe je xepMaopo/jBTHO, 
npaBH.wo, (>e./io h Ha r Tjra i iKHM nemobKasia, a H36nja 
lis nyiro.i.aKa na je^HOZO^wwHMM zpauciMa no ^Ba j\o 
■i.'Tiipu sajeAHO, n to OH^a, ivdji, ce .iHBitie BeK iipn- 
.lii'iiio pauiw.io. l Iania ona^a, inni neT .mcaKa, Koje cy 
y vH.t'M Ae.iy cpac.ie y ueB c./io6oAHy oa n-iOAHHKa. H 
i.-pyiinna je in'To.iiirra. a .iiktiiIiii cy yTupfyeHH y rpniKy 
'iaiii«'. IIp;iiiiniimi cy cio6oahh: n yTBp^eHH 3aje^H0 c 
Kpyiui'iHiiM jiHGEaMa, ji sua hx 15 — 30. Ilpanmnue cy 
AB00K6 B nyiiajy \:>,,\x;\;. II. 10,1,11111; je iMooo^air, HMa caMO 
J6AH0 <»i;n.' n pa otfemeiia aaKeiKa. dydnti je je^aH. 

1 1. km, (i.-.Mirnma) je cpuarror ooOiMKa, MecmiT, 
6J6AH01 i;oiirnilio\i (i;imii'IHIU>.m) II uoii'iHO CJe^HOM C0MKOM. 
.Iai',.i.a C6 na j»\i,!ion> f i,iiiiiii,iiM rpaiia.Ma. 

Bwuma, STcneBa CBy^a \\\y \\ Tpenraa, na ce hcto 

Kao if 0H8 i.iju n. in Kftb BHGOfca BObffJ ii. in Kao !;p;i;.i,yiim. 

PacTe cnopHJe <>.i, Tpeerae, na aaTb je n< i caMO 
nafter pacta (2*5 9 m.), BeKjeHflOCTa mMipaiui.ma, 
jep je letfjio BHme nafte spray/iaBo, a hcto TaKO u 



70 BOTvKE H BOTvE 



rpaHe.-JKHBH oko 40 ro/iHHa. Mb KopeHa H36njajy H3- 
r iaHHH (cienHiiH). ftpBO Miquime Bp.10 npHJarao, re ce 
3ETO jaKO utiHM v cmiapcTBy m crpyrapcry. yleropacTM 
cy BpAO TaHKH, 4a to jaKO ua^a y omh, h — Mpieo- 
eHBH. Ilyno/bHH cy sanmAacTH h AOCTa paa^a^eKO. 

y hhckhx BnniaH>a ./iMiitie je jajacTO, /ijry^acTo. 
r^aTKO, abo j no TecrepacTO, chtho it ycnpaBHO, jep jo 
Ha KpyTHM neTe.LKaMa, a y bhcokhx je BHinaaa ayry- 
^acTO-jajacTO, ocpe^HA TecTepacTO, rviaTKO, cjaJHO h 
Biime ycnpaBHO, jep je Ha aocTa KpyTHM neTe&Kaifa. H 
y je^HHX h y Apyrnx Ha neTe&KaHa Hejia acae3AHiia. 

H HHCKe BHiuH,e h BHcoKe HBeTajy KaA h Tpenme, 
a^H ca3peBajy Henrro /loiiHHJe. P04 je h.ih OKpyrao h^h 
n.BOHiTe OKpyrao. 

O/l, Tpemaita 11 BnuiaiBa niia noBHiue copaTa. IIo- 
moaot TpyKc no/ieyiao hx je y ABaHaecr rpyna, yseBBiH 
npa tom 3a ocHOBy pasaiRy Esnecy AHB,te TpeniH,e, Ma- 
rpoe h BHBiH>e, ooOihk KoniTHiie h 406a CTacaBaaa po^a. 
Te cy rpyne : u,pHe cpuacie TpemH>e (Schwarze Herz- 
kirschon), H,pHe ajninaue 11. 111 xpymtaBijii (Schwarze 
Knorpelkirschen) , mapeHe cpuacTe TpeniH>e (Bunte 
Herzkirschen), mapeHe apmjiaM6 11.111 inapeHH xpyuiTaBHH 
(Bunte Knorpelkirschen), xyTe epnacTe .Tpemite (Grelbe 
Herzkirschen), oiam Bnume (Stissweichseln), craoe- 
HHiie (Grlaskirschen) , BHiHH,e (Weiehseln), aMapeAe, 
MapeHe (Amarellen), naKHce^e Tperaae (Halbkirschen) 
n cia/LjitaBe BAinae (Halbweichseln). 

H Tpeinite h BHiiifce paqyHajy ce y Bp.10 Kopncne 
BOhKe. KbkxoB ce po/i, Tpoura iraoro, KaKO CBeat, TaKO 
h ocymeH, a oco6htko je ^otfap 3a ciaTRO. O4 Bnmaiha 
roTOBH ce <dhhh nemie3 h Affitep, a 04 coKa TpeniaH>a 
h BHUiaH,a npaBH ce h cnpyn, kojh ce ynoTpe(M>aBa c 
B040M, Kao HaKice./io cpe/icTBO y rpo3HH i iaBHM (JoJieerHMa. 



n03HABAH>E BORAKA 7 1 

CyBe cy Tpenrae n BnmH»e nosHaie ncu idichom posune, 

a Bp.l<» Cy YKYflH'. Ofl CJBHX BIUHiUl.a KYBM (56 11 T6J IipO- 

tiiby pposHme. Ofl ,\\uibu\ Tpemaita cnpaB&a re oco- 
tiena boahd;* (aqua cerasorum liigTorum). y eojoj mm, 
nnjan\iupnwin> Kicejunie, na ce flaje uao cpe^cTBo sa 
GnnnaBa&e <Viona, rp?6Ba n Kain.i.a : a oa ahbahx bit- 
nian.a. Bapoqffro varpiBe, totobh ce, Kao iiito je Ha- 

B6A6H0, OCOtiOHH AHKOp MdpOCKUH. Oji, neTe^Ke BHIliaH.a 

ii Tpt'inaii.a KYim ce rej, kojh ce ynoTped&aBa Kao tf.iaro 
cpe^CTBO iiito repa na nospaby. 

7. EIjbHBa (Primus Juss). Cna^a Kao m Tpeiuiha y 
taojljjy KonrryHHna, na ce 3a r ro c H>OMe h C/iaiKe y CBinia 
i-.iaiuiHM no-ran inn; mi orooinia.ua. Pa3.iHKa je OB^e: iiito je 
ii.km spynHHJH n iiito je oKpyrao hjih jajacTO-ayryAacT. 

Ho3HaT€ cy jipe BpcTe m^HBa: Tpmwjbtioe wah 
Typzyfbe w iteuane \\.u\ upaee wjwwe. 

Typzywa, TpuowMtea, Tpnoema, paua mjbuoa 
(Pr. insititia L). ]IIh6 c pasBe^einni a KaniTO HL tfofl- 
.i.ii bum rpaiiaua. Kpyna je oicpyrviacTor O&LHRa, a ./ie- 

TOpaCTB ry l.-a.Ul'I'arTo-Ma.lMlBH II IjpBeHKaCTO-CHBH. ^HllltiC 

i.nio (jajacro, cinnriniHo), peuKacTO, h 03,^0, na- 
poqiTO no BepBHMa, Ma.i.aBo. < )dn»iiio cy no 4Ba uBeTiia 
nynoAKa sajeAHO, a neTOAKe cy mm odpacie Bp.io cbtuhm 
\i;i.i,;iMa. I'u.i, je OKpyrao u MecHaTHJH ho poA y uena'ia. 

ti(euaHa } (tpaea wjbiiea (Pr. domestica L). Pa- 
MiKyje ce o,i, rypryae, iiito joj je apBO Beie n iiito 

je i.i;ii;ai'.a iniiyrpa n no odo^y : iiito cy .UToparTM 
r.UTifn n iipia'iio-Mjii;n : DITO je i.'pyiia biiiiic Man.c iie- 
ll|i;iBii.ina oo.im;;i n iiito j<' | m >, i, ,i,yi'Y.i.aiT C TBpljii.M 

iieeoi ii c Bime iiM'lo'|»a. na ee KO&e jiaKme oMynaTii 

II .laKHM' IIJK'IH'TII HO po,1, Tjilloill.l. lll'.r. 

II y T\|ny!i,;i ii y iiriia'ia po.i, re jaiu.a na ji\nio- 
pmhiiih.hm rpaii;i\ia KAO n y Tpeinaii.a. 



72 BOT^KE II BOTtE 



Ode cy nopeooM M3 Aaiije, O/i.aoe cy npeHecene 
y r T,ciBHaniH>a BpeMena. Phm-mbm cy yno3Ha.iH Typryity 
04 CHpana, ■ npn^HKOM BOJeBaita ILoMnejeBa (Ha 100 
ro/jHHa npe Xpncxa), Hapo i iHTO y oko.ihhh ,3,aMacKa, 
npadapor ceiraTCKor rpa^a, o/jaoe, Be^ie, no cboj npn- 
akuji BO^e nopeoo ^aMaci^eucua mjbum, uucnopu e 
Mupa6ema. HeiWiKH Bonap XepsraH Te r re Bejin: „&& 
cy y HeMa^Ky npBe nubMBe ^OHecene 04 npn.iHKe npe 
400 ro^Hna n 4a cy Haporaro pa3MH0^eHe y TnpnH- 
niKOJ, CacKOJ n HecKOJ, a y Jymy YrapcKy, XpBaTCKy, 
C^aBOHHjy, TypcKy n BocHy npeHeceHe cy MHoro pa- 
unje, a Moat^a cy t&mo n ^HB^e pacae." 

Typryae ce raje o6nnHO Kao ocpe^Be BOHKe y bh- 
chhh 6 — 8 m. n atnBe oko 30 ro^HHa. PacTy 6\me 
Hero nenaqe, Te cy 3aT0 w6jbQ oa obhx, a^n cy 3aTO 
6am n BHine oceTAHBe oa Mpa36Ba ho nenaqe. 3axTeBajy 

HCIIITO TOH^HJH OHJiaT H 3aKAOH,eHHJH HOAOJKaj HO Ije- 

naqe, jep cy h oa Maae Bpe^HOCTH, H3y3eBnra iieKOAHKO 
copa r ra, Koje ce qecro pa3AraoataBajy y BeyiHKOj Mepn 
pa^n TproBHHe, nnp. otcyTa Miipa6ejina h peuKJio^a 1 , 
a HeKe h pa^n no^iore 3a nenaqy h 3a Typryay, Hup. 
uufiope (Haferpflaume). Ka/i, ce raje Kao Kpac/tynra, 
OH^a ce qeoro y3HMa 3a no^ory h rpu (Pr. spinosa). 
I^enaqe cy MHoro nei&eHHJe oa Typryita, a MHoro 
je BehH h 6poj h>hxobhx copaTa ho Typryn>a. Taje ce 
061^0 Kao BHCOKe BOhKe. PacTy cnopnje 04 TpHonw>HBa, 
a.iH H3pacxy Bene 04 h>hx (oko 10 m.) h amBe 30 — 
40 ro/j,HHa. /ljmo je TBp/1,0, atK/iaBO, Te ce 3aT0 pa^o 
ynoTped^aBa y cro^apcTBy h crpyrapcrBy. 3ax r reBa npn- 
coJHe nojioataje h npn^nqHO B^aatHy 3eM^y, Koja Tpeda 
#1 je cmiraa, MOhHa h ocpe^fte TeniKa. Ha BAaatHHM 

1 y $paHiiycKoj ce sa h>hx /lofiiiBa CBaKe ro^ime oko ^ua 
MiMnjoHa «i>paHaKa. 



I103HABAtfeE BCRAKA 73 

11 T.'iniuiM .;r\[.i,aMa naTe oa upaseBa h c.Mo.ioTOKa. He 
pafyi pe^OBHO Kao rpHOKL&HBa, a. in ki\,\ poflH, po^a HHa 
y n.iuuii.i.y. EepOAHOCTB qerro cy yspoK pfyaB H36op 
lecra 3a ni^eae, nocHa seiL&a n .loine caAHHije. 

Copaia n >ia noBHnie. IIoMO^or je Autqa, yseB 3a 
OCHOBj tioTamraKJ [>a;j.uii;y E3M6^y TpHom.LHBa h n;e- 
naua. ::aniM oojy h i,& ar ce Meco o^Baja norayHO viae 
HenoTnyHo »,\ Konrrane, hoaciho m^HBe y ^eceT rpyna. 
Te cy rpyne : OKpyr.ie Typryae eau oKpyivie ^asiac- 
ijenKe (Rundpllaume, Runde Damascenen), jajape h,ih 
0B&AH6 rypryae, tfapAaK-iuje ear ^yry^acie ^aMaci^eHKe 
(Oyalpflaume, Langliche Damascenen), n^e>ieHH r re Typ- 
ryu.r 11.111 peiiK.io^e (Edelpflaumen Reineclaudcn), bo- 
CKOB»qe n. 111 Miipade.iKe (Wachspflanmen, Mirabellen), 
iK'iia'ie (Zwetschen), c-iirae i^ena^aMa (Halbzwetschen), 
ypiurae (Lhitelzwetschen), n;H6ope (Haferpflaume) h hh- 
CKopi (S[.i]linspflaumen).' 

H3 Genera npoH3BeAeHa ijenaqa noKa3yje qecTO 

iw.iiiKy paauiKj 04 po r i,a, H3 Kojer je ceaie npnopaHo, 

no je ftotipo, Aa ce ^aB^aKa npaca^H npe ca^en>a 

na CTa.ui' noA^iory naj6o.i»e je y3eTH ni^HBy 

ytanapuKy (Pr. cerasifera — Mirabolane). M3/i,aniui 

6j Kparaora B6Ka, Ketyrra na ijaHapnKy npucafyena 

(SjJHO, pa^a i?p.io AoCpo 11 smoro je Ayaser «^Ka. 

<>A n:5Aaiiai:a rpaJHHJe cy 11 our niAHBe, Koje cy npo- 

16H€ 11:', KoiiiTinui, na iiaiijniyTe, Te 3aT0, ko He on 

mao i.i;ina(»iii:y. n aso je y EM mia y M3o6iM>y, (>OAe 

je ;i OBO M yjci.in. Bero ,\;<i 3acHHBa iu.t.ii n.ur Ofl Ifl- 

IKJ (c.i«'ii;ii;;i). 

1 Ho OBOJ 1io.if.111 ii;iiii;i CpnCEft iii.i.niia (iio/IK'I'.vih, iio;i:<iin;:i 
■II 91 . =: 1 >ui li • -it ;i je y VfiWVU % .1 M:u,[;t|ii;;i, m;iI;;i pCKS iii.!.ui::i 

/ Btoche, Vfolette Dattelzwetacne) y ypMane. Qpeica 

■CM ii.iiiiv ni.i.iinv :-.ii:itii m:i \ } \\ \w\\\ . ii'-l. CpHCK8 
III .tn 



74 BOTtKf: II fiOTvE 



IE^HBa je nocBe KopncHa BOhKa, a oco6hto 3a 
uac, jep je uootcezana, qpuaca ulukki — je^Ha 0,4 naj- 
6ojbisx 3a cymeH>e, Te je 3a r ro h nocBe BaatHa Kao Tpro- 
BHHCKa po6a. Oa H.e je nyBena paKHJa h y ApyroM cBeiy 
noA mreiiOM wjbiwoeuw ; a nocBe je Aodpa h 3a ky- 
Ban>e neKMesa, kojh ce m name 3eM^,e 7 y hobhjc aotfa, 

H3H0CH y BCIHKHM KO-lH^HHaMa \ 3aTHM 3a rOTOB.BCB»e 

CAama, KOMnoxa hta. PeHK^o^e n MnpafJe.iKe HaponnTO 
cy Ao6pe 4a ce npepafyyjy Kao komhoth, a KyBaHe cyse 
Hi^»HBe u,eHe ce y HapoAy Kao Bp.10 r i,o6po cpe^cTBO 3a 
HnnitieiBe ; oa h>hx CKyBaH cok 3a hcth hh.l Tpoimi ce 
n y ano r reKaMa noA hmchom pulpa prunorum. OHa 
je je^iiia BOhKa, Koja ce y Hac rajn y mtJBehoj Mepn, 
a to c HaBe/i,eHHX pa3.iora no r rnyHo n aaeayayje. BohnaK 
3acH0BaH oa caMHX in^HBa 30Be ce waueap, wjbuoaK 
B./LH wJbueuK (y yatH i iKOM OKpyry h „6aiirra")- 

8. KajcHja, 3epAe^Hja (Armeniaca vulg-aris Lam, 
Primus americana L). CnaAa y HCTy $aMOHJy, y Kojy 
h Tpemaa h nLLHBa, jep joj je poA KonrrHHa. 

IIopeKviOM je H3 JepMeHCKe, na ce 3aT0 30Be join 
h jepMencm wjbum, a OTyAa je npeneceHa y JeBpony 
TeK npe jeAHora BeKa. 

OceM toimhx no^oataja, 3a cboj nopacT 3axTena 
h Ton^iy, Tpoinny (danrreHCKy), AJ^OKy h BHme nm;o- 
BHTy 3eio>y c nponycT.LHBOM 3ApaBHHOM, jep ce 11a Te- 
iiikhm seM.^ana c.ia6o yKopenaBa, a nopeA Tora h M.ia- 
Aapn ce, Hapo^iHTO oa cy Ha OTBopeHOM noj»y, ne irory 
noTnyHa sapbchhth, ie 3aTO h ^aKO cxpaAajy oa Mpa- 
3eBa. TaJH ce Kao bhcoko h hhcko BoKe, HapoHHTO y 
of).iHKy mna^npa (na.iMe'ra). Bp.10 je oceTAHBa Ha x.ia.i,- 
nohH, h aKO o6n^HHJe pafya h cohhhjh poA aohoch kea 
ce rajn Ha x.aaAHHJHM MecTHMa, h Kao bhcoko bohc h 
Kao KpsAyin, caMO aKO je 3en.i>a Ao6pa h xon.ia h aKO 



It03HARAH,F. BOTiAKA 



je mas to.iiiko toiuo, ,yi ne rrpa.yi 0,1, vpaseBa. Ako 
i;i.iiK»Ka 11a 20" U. \u-iu\\ ny.ie. cacBM nponaAHe, 
TJ. npoMp.:ny lie rauo .H'Toparni. Beli II h'pyna. 11a 11 
UfiAQ ,\\>\uk Iiajciija. KOJa nam Ofl KpaseBa, 00114110 60- 
Ajje <».i ciOAOTOKa, n Ta&a ce nose jom jcahho rajirni ys 
TO1LM9 '.n.iuBt' 11 y .:ai;.i<m,t'Hii.M no.iorcnjima. rajciia nao 
Bicou Bokia unlja ce «ecro 11 iia bhchhb 0,1, 600 m. H3Ha^ 
lopcKe n«»Hj)iiimio. y iiar iiMa sajciija nonaJBHine no biiiio- 
i|ia.uiMa n rj»a.i,niiaMa. a naJBHine nx je Koje cy cSmohhk. 

II.; Genera (i.-oiirrima) npoH3Be,4eHa Kajcnja ^aje 
onii'iiio ••MTiinjii 11 .lomnjii (mi, (>,i, po/j,a, M3 Kora je 
Kuiimina y.it'ia. iia je saTO Haj^o.Le w ce ; pB^aKe 
npe i-al)t'ii,a naBjiiiy. Pa, \n rora naeMeHHte copTe i.-aj- 
<iija. uii.iu vi it raje Kao bhcoko vlaz hhcko BoKe, 
rpetia npica^HTi ii. in iia ymw/pmy n,in na tyufiopy, 
a join je ky,\ i saMO (5o./ie, aKO ce Ha je^Hy haul Apyry 

iiaBjiiie Jiyeenem Jieuormta (Scheme von Loweii) 
soja JjJHO pacre, na Ka^ AOCTHme ate^eHy BHciray, on^a 
BSBpmiTE raefte y BtpTHH. Ha Taj he ce Hamra a,o6hth 
,ij)Bo iif eano HHoro .leiniie, Beti tie uhth h Bp^o Ayww 
neia n iraoro [KM.mije. 

Bajcija Hspaere oko 5 m. PacTe6p3o ntfyJHO, axHBfl 
20 i "i. BpyHaje OHma u spoenpe ea Bine y inn- 
puny. Bopa je nii'M-i n y ct;i|ihjhm ro,i,nii;nia BOOMS nrnyna. 

.Ininf.c je rpmirro. nin.i.acTo n ABOJHO TeeTepaCTO 
e DOAjxa n«'Tt'.i,i;;i\i;i ii lie cxpa^a oj[ ryceHHi;a, na 

.:;i|m ^pBO [M'.loBiio pnl,;i. aKO Hia'T IK' B3Mp3H6. 

II,i'.fT;i np.io paiio. \i;ipT;i n.in anpn.ia. a TOCTO n 

npe i.['"h;i. <»uii-iin» i;a,i, n .'a.ir.M. II,i'.i'l.c je cacBiu (toad 

ihT»M,i;.-. iiionja npe .lninl.a. ii;i je n.in iioJ^hiiih' 
n.in CJ n<» .i,na n ftp* i[\w\;\ :;;ij»\i,iio. 

POAJe oi;|,\i-.];irT. i;;i iii.|.;mt, nuii'illo v r:irnT«»-;i; \ r 

I e opicoJHe cTpaae pyMeH, np.io ynycaB n npnjaTiia 



70 BOUKE H BOTxE 



MHpHca. Ca3peBa y jyHy, nocie Tpeniama h Bumma, a 
iipe paimx irpymaKa H jadyKa, flaiLie y iiajiio r j,ecHiije r T,o6a. 
IIo BpeMeHy cracaBaiba HMa Kajciija pa-mix e wo3hux, 
a no KpynHotiH Kpywnux e cirrnur. CiiTHHJe cy copie 
x iecTO yKycHHje h MHpHHLLHBHJe 04 KpynHHX Kajeija. 
HMa hx ca cjicltkom je3zpoM e ca zopnoM je3zpoM, — 
Haojs, ce jaB^a Ha je/i,HoroAHiHH>HM rpaHaMa, 

TLaoji, je 34paBa xpaHa h cnpoB h cyinoH ; 04 H>era 
ce totobh aiamo h Haj6o.LH neKMe3. H3 koihthhc ne/ui 
ce y.te MapmouT ; a paKHJa ce 04 Kajcnja Hapowro 
MHoro TpouiH y CeBepHOj AMepnu,ii. v r \e je no3HaTa no a 
MMeHOM paToxfyuja. 

9. BpecKBa, npaoRa, me^Te^aja (Amygdalus 
persica L). Cna^a y (&aMH.iHJy y Kojy e Kajcnja. 

IIopeiMOM je H3 IlepcHJe, o^aiwie je npeHecena y 
JeBpony 3a Bpene 3aBojeBan>a A^ieKcaHApa Be.iHKora. 
Ho oceM IlepcHJe, dpecaKa HMa ,i,hb.liix h iio jepMen- 

CKHM H TypKCCTaHCKHM lllYMaMa. 

BpecKBa je BHiue oceT;LHBa Ha x-ia^HOHH ho iraj- 
cnja, Te 3aTO, 4a KaKO Ba^a nanpe^yje, H3HCKyje to- 
n./iHJe no./iojKaje ho Kajcnja, 3aTHM .iaKy, Tponray, aytfOKy 
H cyBy 3eM^y, y Kojoj HMa noimuie apera, h fla je 3a- 
HiTHheHa o/i, x.ia/i,HHx h koul/lhbhx BeTpoBa. rajena y 
o6aekj uina.iHpa, Hajdo^e Hanpe^yje Ha jyroncTOMHHM 
no^oataJHMa. 3ana/i,He no-ioataje Tpe6a H36eraBaTH, hito 
0B/i,e apbo naTH oa CMo.ioiOKa, a h po f pe rpaHe uncy 
TaKO Tpajanrae; HBeran nyno.mn 36or x.iaAHOhe h Mare 
He Mory ,i,a ce pa3BHJy, Bet ona^Hy. CopTaMa, Koje 
no3HHJe CTacaBajy, Ba.La AaBaTH jyanrajn no^oataj. Ha 
B^aatHHM h TeatHM aeM&aifa h 6pecKBe h KajcHJe pacry 
CBe j\o HOBeiidpa, na Ta/^a h^ih H3Mp3fly, jep hm join 
He3ApBeH,eHe M,ia,i,ape 3axBaTH upas, eae ce onrreTe 
nyno.AUH, Te c Tora one bohkc H3ry6e a,0HHHJe oj\ cnoje 



II03HABA1I.1. BORAKA 77 



.lt'imre. )ep ce y Kpyra ne Mory npoH3BecTH npaBH.iHe 
rpaae. rajn ce Kao ocpeflftd h hhcko Boke, jep He pacrc 
Beta oa 3 — 4 m. Biifyi ce najneiiihe no BHHorpaAHMa h 
sua ue veneBa BBHOBa .103a. IIo rpa^HHaMa no- 
Aiixe ce ] "u.uiKy mna.iiipa H Tano ce Ao6aja Haj.ienniH 
I»<m. caMO rpaxH Kenny pyicy 3a Ba.i>aHO ope3HBaH.e. 

II.; ct'Mt'iia (Ronmme) npoH3BeAeHa BoliKa Aaje ilaoa, 
••.ui'iaii po^y, H3 sojer je ceMe yseTO, h ai<o je seih&a 
Tjioiima ii pOAHa, oapoiHTO BBHorpa^CKa, apbo Moate 
B3pacTH ii aoBeke h o6eakq pafyiTH. Ha oBaj nannH 
ii|m>u.!15«'.v'H(» je mime copaTa, Koje ce, nopeA lienor n 
yKycHor po^a, oMiurvjy join n Time, iiito paHo cTaca- 
n.i.jy. A. in, a a ce Aotfnje poA hcthx ocodnHa, a& ce 
.laiMr ^otfige ca n<»y.!Aanonitiy oho iiito ce jkmh, Hajdo^e 
je, &KO ce 3a n<un>ry y.me uubiwa n to 3a XMAHe, 
BAaxHe ii ii.iirn;* 1 seif&e, a 6a^eM } ano je 3eM^a Ay- 
()OKa. T<»ii.ia ii i;jM'Miia. 

II ai.-o (peeKBa paHO Kpeiie, una ir M.iaAapn 3aBp- 
inyjy .ionium cboj nopacT, Te 3a r ro, nrro ao jeceHH He 
lorj nonryHO \w ce .sifnwiie, crpaAajy ^ano oa MpaseBa. 

rose BHine &a *hbh <»,i, 20 roAMHa, jep je y paa- 
luijan.y oterajy x.ia.uin lU'Tpouu n Mpa3eBH. j\c6ao je 
cdafoy'e b Kopa je MeKina, na n Mame nyua Hero y 
.it'<"».i;i sajcirje. KpyHa ,j«' p'eT&a, jep je c shmo Emilia. 
!;o|)iiinliy n nose rajirni no BHHorpaAHMa, 
j«'j» in- 'iiiini ftetfeo \.i;i.i,. 

.IiiiiiIk' j<' .iaiiii.«'Ta<"T<». peCKaCTO II na EtpaTKHM 

ii<'HM.i:a\i;i. 

II,ii»'T;i \ \i;i|»Ty ii ;iii|»n.iy, n t<> iioimc i;ajrnii\ 

a npe aero ce pmHCTa. Uiwi.p je upBefio, ofarao 

}«-;i\I.I,r||u, ;| |,f|,r r\ ||o ,ll'.;i lll'.CTa :!ajl',1,llo. 

I'" i je OKpyrjiacr, choaa o(Jhtoo KaAH*acT, pefye 

'.i;i ,iai.\ | » ; i . : - 1 M ' i M * • (Joje II i;|»\ lliiol.r n 0M8 o|»a:M,v r,\ 



78 BOTvKE II BOUE 



CTpafie. Meco je co*mo h Bp.io npnjaTHO, a KoniTMua 
je jajacra h jaMH^aBa. Jearpa je ropmi. JaB.ta ce caMO 
na jeAHoroAHinH>HM rpamiMa, jep obg rpaHe hogc HBeiHe 
uyuo^Ke. 

Copa-ra HMa Bekn 6poj. IIoMO.ior IIoaTO, y3eBiHH aa 
ocHOBy, ^a ae je y OpecaKa .kycKa iuaTKa m.iii M&&aBa, 
4a .in ce Meco o^Baja oa KomTHue h.ih He, Kao h itoje je 
KpynHoKe h 6oje HBeT, no^e.iHO hx je y wrnpH rpyne, 
Ha: npaBe Opecoe (Peches), TBpae 6pecKBe (Pavies), ro- 
4Hp (Nektarines, Yiolettes) h AypaHunje (Prugnons). 

Hao& je opecaKa nocBe Ao6ap h upajaTaH 3a je.10, 
a oco6hto 3a KyBaite neKM63a. Oa H>era ce ne^e h Aocra 
Ao6pa paKHJa, a KoniTHue Aecm/iOBaHe c ajtom paEHJOM 
Aajy ocooVrn .iHKep noaHaT noA hmchom uepeuicd. Jniuhe 
ce ynoTpe6,i»aBa 3a 6ojeH»e Ha jKyxo, a .inmhe m HBeiie 
cMaTpa ce Kao Ao6po cpe^cTBO 3a *raiuheiLe, MOjtpeae h 
M36an;HBaH,e MHCTa (y anoTeKaMa no3miT hoa HiieHOM 
floreSy folia persicarum), caMO ra He Tpe6a yaeTM y 
bcmkoj Mepn, jep h y .iHuihy h y HBehy Kao m y 
je3rpH HMa unjaHXHApHtiKe Knce^iHHe, Koja je OTpoBHa. 
CBeate .lHinke yno r rpe()./i>aBa ce pa^n Tepaaa Ha no^e h 
HCTepHBan,a r-iHCTa y A03H 15 — 30 rpaiia Ha 250 — 300 
rpaMa Bo^e. Oa HBeha totobh ce cnpyn, kojh ce npo- 
Aaje no anoxeKaMa, Hapo i iHTO 3a HCTepHBaH>e itinera h^h 
Kao iMaro cpe^cTBo 3a iiHinheae. HaiHH ce.Laun 3acn- 
uajy cok oa 6pecKHHa .inmha y yH,pBAa,ie paHe Ha ctohm 
h r raKO hx .ie*ie oa iJpBS. 

10. Ea^eM, 6ajaM, MeHAyo (x4mygdalu8 commu- 
nis L). CnaAa y $aMH.injy KomTyMua (Amygdalineae), 
Kao h dpecoa, Kajcnja, Tpemita h HLfcHBa, oa kojhx 
ce pa3.iHKyje y tomc, uito je y H>eroBa poAa on.ioAHHua 
Kjiauuua, Koja onaAHe, . KaA ])oa y3])H, a y ohhx je 
MecHaxa, Te ce ynpaBO paAH H>e h raje. 



n03HABAH»E BOHAKA 79 

DopeKAOi J6 H3 Ciijuije. oviK.ie je r \aimo upeiie- 
66fl y JeBpony. Hajiuiiue je pauiiipeii y rp^KOj, Htu- 
.mju. JyjtHOJ yrapcKOj, XpBaTCKoj, Mcrpii m JyatHoj 
TipOdiCKOJ, a y aac ce <a,ui caMO no rpa^HHaMa u bh- 
aorpaABMa. 

3a CBOJ Bopacr, n &a po^ lio'rnyHo yspB, 3axT6Ba 

Tollil.l KMllMUT II orVB.l.Y. 1 })<>HL1I\ II T01I.1Y ^M.l.). 0,1, 

iipiuiiiiv sao ii tfpecKBa, oa i:oje je, Kao iuto ce iui,ui, 
jom Beta npouiipa'i : a.m. ai;o je npMca^en na iiLLoy, 
nose iio.uit'Tii ii ie*y .a'M.i.y. 

Faju ce BetHHOi sao bhcokq Boke n o6huho M3 

i'i'\|.mi;i. jep 6e 6pWK&BBBM <M,aoH|)aH.t'M CeMOHa AO^HBa 

npynafl 11 ua.i.aii pofl, a. in nnai: je 6o.i>e, aKO My ce 
.;;i iiui,.ioi'\ fsie ,uiH.i>ai;a Bpoi3BeA6Ha H3 ua.v'Moue KO- 
urnme n.iii in.i.Jiiie. a iia|>o<iiiTn y x.ia,i,inijini HOAOata- 
jima : c&M je nai; n]>.i<> 3ru,ian, ,\n ce y3Me 3a no^iory 
(pecRBaMa, nn.\ cy y toiueu noAoaaJBaia. Ha x.ia^HMM 
ii thji.uim DOJiosajiMa nam BeoMa o r \ MpaseBa. 

r l,jn;<» pacre 6pse bo tfpecKBHHO, H3pacie 3a 5— 6 m. 
ii Hose iKina'Tii BHine oa 20 roAHna, aKO je y hoboj>- 
hhm iijni.iiiKa.Ma. Ii|»yna je Kao y Opecoe. 

.liimlit' je .miiiitii'iiio, .iann<"racTO, 3yn*iacT0, raaTKO 
ii Ha QCp6A&HM u<'Tt'.i.i;aMa. 

II,i:rr;i ] Mapry n.in aiipiuy. liajpamijc B8Mei>y 

BoLa, n to njir Berp a .lurra. DJBebe ,j<' tfe^o 
n.in pyuqacTO, aa KpaTKHU BeTe&saHa h ycax&eHO, a 

|'t'l/t' <■) .l,i;a HB6T8 BBJeAHO. 'lama je BBOHaCTa, BM8 

i n<'|.;ii',;i ii in* r (»i'>a.iMi!.\ .liiCTlllia. 

I'mi, je jajacT, y 3pedOGm 36J6H, Ma/baBO i.-a.ui- 

'i-.'ii t. minis T n KOSaCT, oTBapa ce y.{,i,Y}i;in>M 6pa340H 

n.in ce senpaBMJiHO paenaAa, ;i caspeBa y cenT6M(Spy. 

Ii<ohthii;i je H3pBB6H8 v.iiiinni o|»a:',,i,im;iMa n flOCTa my- 
ii.i.w :,ri<i BOZe .iai;<» |i;i;:oinn. .Y kwihtiiiih 



80 BORKE H BORE 



je je3rpa (6a^eM). IIo tbpaohh KomTHne wag ce Ha 
Tep^e e Meue, a 3aTHM h je/uiH n ^pyrn Ha cmitkc 
h zopne da^eMe. — JaB^a ce Ha jeAHoroAnnntHM 
rpaHaMa. 

Poa je Bp.io 3HaTHa TproBHHCKa po6a, jep ce je^e 
KaKaB je, a nehe ce h y KO-wie, koahbo mji,., na ce 
3a r ro i iecTO h raja y noBekoj Mepn. YnoTpe6ytaBa ce h 
Kao ask. TaKO ce 04 caaTKora da^ena (y komb mia 
y^a, niekepa, ryMe h ii,ejiy^i03e) totobh mmko 03 6a- 
jeMa (Emulsium araygdalarum n Syrupus amygdalini), 
Ka^ ce je3rpa HCTp^a, h ciya&H Kao nnhe Koje pacx.aa- 
to e y rpo3HnqaBHM tfojiecTHMa. H3 ciaTKor da^Ma ne,p 
ce y^e (Oleum amygdalarum dulcium), Koje ce yno- 
TpeCUaBa 3a ./le^eae cnoAamHHX (Jo-iecTH. H3 ropKor 
6a/j,eMa 7 y Koiie je nope/j, HaBe^eHEx cacTOJana jom h 
MaTepnja aMuzAamm, ne^n ce y^e (Oleum amygda- 
larum marum), Koje ce AO^aje y Ma^oj aosh 3a cth- 
inaBaae 6oaok&, rpneBa, Kam^a, a H3rH>e i ieH ynoTpe- 
6.LaBa ce cno&a Kao HHHBapnna y (fo-aecTHMa c jaoM 

dOAOBHMa. 

11. Opax (Juglans regia L). Cna^a Kao h 6a/i,eM 
y KoniTyHHne, 04 Kor ce pa3AHKyje y raaBHOM Toe, 
ihto Ha nj&eTy HeMa KpyHiue (nMajy TaKO 3BaHH nepnroH) 
n niTO je HBehe y MauaMa. 

IIopeK./LOM je H3 IlepcHJe, a ho3mt je 6ho join 
h CTapnM rpii,HMa. 

YcneBa /i,o6po h y paBHHuaMa h Ha ohhjKhm 6p- 
APia, a ^iecTO ce BH^a m y ApymTBy ca myMCKHM ^p- 
BeteM Ha 800 m. Em&]\, Mopa. Ha bhihhm je no./io^aJHMa 
o6h*iiio Bp^io Hanpe^aH Ha aeMJtaMa Koje cy nocTa,ie 04 
tfasa^Ta, a y paBHunaiua naj6ojbe pai>a h Haj6o;i>e ce 
paaBHJa Ha KpeiHHM s^MAaMa. 3eMJi>a Tpe6a ^a je #y- 
f!oKa h c nponycT^HBOM 3ApaBHn.0M, jep ce #pBO jaito 



[I03IIAB \ll.i: BCRAKA 



yi;..jMML.aHa, 11 ua.i.a r i,a je ocpeAH>e KaKBone, tj. hh Tenma 
mi .laKa. TeinKe, B.iasHe, KaueHHTe h HLLyHKOBHTe 
.;t'M.i.e He hoahoch, a hcto trko hh BeoMa CHaatHe h 
noro bytfpeBHte, jep ua obhm 36M&aiia jaKo (5yja, ua 
<c M.ia,iaj)ii He >iory 40 jeceHH 3ApBeHHTH, Bet npoMp3Hy. 
M.iaiapii isips&aBajy 11 Ka r i, je opax H3jioaieH jaKHM h 
x.ia.ijniM BeipoBHMa 11 K&AJ6 luaftan K.iHMaT, aTaAajen 
[n.,i ii.iiuy.i^iH. jep 11 nBeT pe^oBHO CTpaAa oa Mpa3eBa; 
HHaie, m*'})} chum Hohira.Ma, naTH HaJMaae oa HenpHJaTe./i>a, 
ua 11 3eqeBH caM<> y spajftoj HeBO.LH ryjie Kopy aeroBy. 
HHOxasa ce '>nn<nio ceaieHOM, jep ce peTKO npn- 
ca^yje, a euro ce nojeAHHe oA-iHKe HaBpky npcTeHOBa- 
if.t'M 11. 1 11 ua Koji Apyrn Ha^HH. 3a r ro, hito ce opax 
pel>e npnca^yje, Tpeda oopaTHTH BCiHKy naatity cesieHy, 
tj. obo Y3eTH c ApBeLa i;oje o6h.iho pal>a, Koje je 

!.'' n-apocTu h .ieno pa3BHJeHO, 3a™i, Koje paHO 
crac&Ba 11 Koje HHJe oceTwLHBO oa Mpa3eBa n x^aAHHX 
BeTpoBa. y TproBHHaMa ce HaJBHine ueHe opacn ocpeAH>e 
KpynBote, kojh hhcv Kom r ryH>aBH, y kojhx jesrpa ncny- 

noTnyno &yes; n y kojhx je OBa yKycHa h npn- 
.j.iTiiii Miifnica. A ira.i ce opax rajn paAH Hel>eH>a y&a, 
nil i,;i y jesrpi ua.i.a ,i.a BM8 v.i.a 11 y HOBeLoj KO^lHqHHH. 

0H6 II G6M6 ::;i G6Ja&8 BaA8 3()HpaTH C TaKOr AP" 
iit'ti.i. BOJe 66 nA.UII.-VJf lUTo HMIIie OBHM OCO()HHaMa. 

Opax je .lt'iiu n i',<miii:u ,i,|)ho, na je 3aTO h Bp^o 

paenpocTpaoeHO. Hspacre <»i;<> 20 .m., a y npeqHHKy 1 m. 

11 Bnne, Shbi ua ion poAiraa. J[e6AO je cpa3MepHo 

tfe^OM 11 iK'iivii,aii<>M KopoM, ,1,|)bo ce MHoro 

ii'-iiii. jep ce ii.!\i('|,\ cbix i|H'.;i io&e Hajjiemne yr.ia- 

\j DITO je MJH.-o II TBpAO, yiI0T|M'u.i,;ii5;ijy 

. ".lapi! II flpBO I CBaKOJaKe iHHHJ6 miapli, a 

iiajiwiim' a DpaB€ i:\il, i,anii, CTOJOBH m opMami. 

lopoBfl ee H3pa^jjj y HOBHJe flotia Baj^iemne CTBapi 



82 BOTtKE M BOTvE 



3a yKpac. KpyHa je pa&rpaHaTa h cracaBa Ha po/j o# 
15 — 30 ro^HHe. HaJBehi je npnHOc y 60 roAHHH, jep 
ra^a je/i,HO apbo sio^e A&m npeKo 150 Krp. opaxa. 

ylninne je r.iaTKO, KOJKacro, 3aTBopeHO-3e./ieHO e 
cjiojKeHO oa 7 — 9 jajacrax e totobo je^HaKHx .inc'rana. 
c/Inmne jaKO Mipnine, oco6hto Ka^ ce H3rH>e*iH, a yKyca 
je ropKor n CMO^acror. 

II^BeTa anpn.ia; ^Bek je je^Hono-iHO (je/i,HOA03io). 
Mjiiiko je y AyraqoM o6eineHHM Manama, a ateHCKO je 
CKyn^eHO y roMH^nne eae je ycaM^eHO. J mjhikom je 
HBeTy OMOTan cacraB.LeH o# 5 — 6 Heje^HaKHx, oiiHarnix 
^ejiOBa h cnojta je no^o^eHO ./tycKOM. IIpaninHKa HHa 
30 — 36, yTBp^eHM cy 3a .loaty, c RpaTKHM ii ckmIo^hmm 
KOHUHMa h 4B00KHM h 6onKaBHM npamHffljaia. ( JMOTaq 
je y ateHCKOM HBeTy no/j,ejteH Ha 3 — 4 pema (3ynn,a) 
h cpaciao je c i^eB^y nepnroHa, a OBa je oueT iipnj);i- 
cia H3HyTpa y3 haoahhk. H^oahhe je Ha £Hy qeTBO- 
pooKH, a Ha Bpxy je^HOOKn h abookh. Orydnhn cy np.io 
KpaTKH, aina hx 1 — 2, h Ha H>HMa cy fl,o 4 auira. 
3aMeTaK je ycnpaBaH h npaB. 

TLaqa, je OKpyr.iacT, HeMa neTe^Ke. OiOTaH je ko- 
MyuiHHOM (oammojn), Koja je Hajnpe 3e.ieHa, a no tom 
nonjmn h .laKO ce komh. ibycKa je M3pnBeHa 6pa3AaMa. 
H3HyTpa ism 4 nperpa^e h je^Hy Meny je3rpy (cesiKy). 
Ca3peBa y aBrycTy. II o TBp^otiH po^a ^e.iH ce Ha no- 
mTynv^e e Menymi^e, a 3aTHM h je/i,HH m Apyrn na 
npyune, cpe^ne e cuvne opaxe. 

3pe.o cy opacn Bp.io yKycHH 3a je.io, a ocotfuTO 
c ja6yKaMa e KOAmEm, a sieky ce e y koahbo. Oa 
H)HX ce (Ha 2 — 3 Mecena no 6ep6n) ne^n e y^te 3a 
je^io e ask, a Mema ce h c pa3HMM tfojaica, j\a ce ceiree 
6pjKe cyme. 0a 2 Krp. opaxa Ao6nBa ce i Kr j )# y, ta> 
Oj\ 3e^ieHHx opaxa, aok cy join MemiHif, KyBa ce np.io 



Q03HABAH>E BOHAKA 83 

i f.iari;«». Kua ce iCKyBa sopa ii. ui .iiiiiilie. a na- 
powro K.iaiiHHf. y sojuia inia janywiie (Ma.iinme) kb> 
cejurae, ramma n ofcotfeHe ropse a .m iv naTepije jjjrc- 
.whai'hu. roroBi ce ca CTineon npna 5oja sa 6ojeiLc 
4pB6HapHJ6 ii nynemix CTBapi. OjiaxoBe K.ianHiie m 
.ihihIh'. y Kojer je rami it r.niuan K.iaiiiiiin, CMa'rpajy 
ce sao cpeACTBa iut<» ocHasyjy, dito CKyH&ajy h dito 
repajy na 3HOJ : a <u TOKOjUBO AeceTraa ro^HHa nomuo 
je opaxoBO .nmiiie itp.io umiTHO 3tior H>eroBe ynoipeoe 
npOTMBy < , i;p.Mi»y.ia. Vw\\\ oitora npenopyiiyje ce OflBap 
Sapeior .lniniia. sojl Tpetfa iihth ii name HcnapaTM 
pane, npa'ni «>«in n synan ce. 

,1,mimi)|i Serpigo, kojb je aaJBHine nonyaapHcao 

lia'inn .i*'4t'H.a ri,-po<i»v.ia OpaXOBHM .minnr-M. BtviM : „A* 

66 <'K|»<Mi»y.ia y onmfe iOJte pa.uii.'a.ino H3^ie i iHTH yno- 

Som apaxoBa .miiiha: \w ce ioxe ce petiH ■ — 

TplI TOTBpTfflie li:!.U''ilI OA T6 6toA& Til. ra.Mo je AejCTBO 

.ifi:a enopo, re je 3aT0 noTpefao 20 — 50 ^ana ypeAHor 
.it"i»Mi.a. aok ce Aolp ,v noBOAHora peeyaiaTa; Aa jo 
iiaJHiiiiit' BpeMOHa ROTpe(tao, aok ce paiyrepajy OTe^eHe 
lorae saesAe, a CKpoiyaoBBe rpn:t.iHne h omo<1o.i,<> 
pasEoase; ,vi ce tfoaect, OTepaHa obix acrox, 
penw na.i. noBpafca : n ,ia opilxoBO .iniiiLe aejci'Byje 

DpBO na iif.io reJlO <»i-na;i;yj\liii i'a. na re IOH llO&ie 

seKora Bpeiieaa onasa na o<>.ui,n". 

V BOBije Aotfa tpaBnycKH AeKap AP- HeMejpoB 
npenopjuo je opaxoBO .nimhr npoTHBy imnor npHnrra 
(pustula maligna), p;i.i.n qera na.i.a 6oawi OAMax n<»- 

*!♦* i M .H'Mirni I! iipnii ii.iiii; p;icH,n, na pany :iaitnj;mi 
CBOni .mini. i'\i (n.in CB63KOM \n\ t|»;i iiin.om KOpox). Yny- 
Tpainn.a KOpa i'»'i;i J6 . i.\ r.i . T6 ce 3aT0 YiioTpro.i.ana 
N i.pa;i;»'iir KOX6 I6CT0 i'.n.:ui;aT<>pa. luaiimie je JOU1 
XnnoifpaT \n"iprM.i,;ii:;,M i,-;i.» .in; npoTHB] CIMUHCa J 



BOKKK H BOTxE 



MecTO 3anapHHe, na ce to y hckhm 3eM&aMa h /i,aHac 
npaKTEayje. XnnoKpaT je npenopy^HBao jesrpy oa opaxa 
y Be.iHKOJ KQAEvmm Kao vieK oa naHT^mape, a /1,ho- 
KpHA IipOTHB MGTe 6ojiecrB h npoTHB r^HCTa y onuiTe 
AaBao je 3a nuke y.te 04 opaxoBe je3rpe. Taj je otfimaj 
ocrao h ^aHac y hckhm KpajeBHMa Ta.injaHCKHM. Oa 
opaxoBe je3rpe Moace ce npaBHTH eMy.i3HJa (MaeKo) Kao 
h oa 6aAe3ia. — Y Xhhh h JanaHy oa *iai>H 04 Jby- 
caKa, ca .lenKOM, MomycoM h KaM$opoM, npaBe oho tbpao 
.Macroo no3Ha r ro no a raetiOM tijvl 

12. AP eH (Oornus Mas L). Cna^a y KonrryHHue 
h, 3<Jor Bp.10 TBpAora ApBe'ra, panyHa ce Kao myMCKO 
ApBo ; a^iH c Tora, bito My ce poA pasHOBpuio ynoTpeo- 
^aBa 7 y3HMa ce h Kao boKo, na ce c Tora, h ihto ap^o 
paHO HBexa, HapoqiiTO caAH, oco6hto Kao atHBa orpaAa. 

YcneBa j\o6\w CKopo Ha CBaKoj seiL&H h y ko- 
hiahbhm no^oataJHMa, a pa3KHO$aBa ce ceiieHOM (koihth- 
uana), jep ce poA He H3Metie, a Tepa hs atn^a Ao6pe 
H3AaHKe ? kojh cy TaKO^e noAecHH 3a pasMnoataBaite. 

/l,peH je iuk6 h,ih onaae AP«o, HeniTo Bene oa 
qoBeiinjer pacxa. /3,pBO je Bp^o tbpao, ynpaBO HaJTBp^e, 
am^aBO h qBopyraBO, r re ce 3aTO Beona ueHH 3a cht- 
HHJe H3pa^eBHiie. 

yLnrnKe je e.mnTMqHO, 3aniH./BacTO, 03AO Ma./i>aB0 h 
Oviei>e ho osro, h HMa Kparae neie^Ke, a nopefymo je 
HacnpaMHO. 

H,BeTa $ef$pyapa. H,Bek je xepMaapoflHTHO h npa- 
bh^iho, pa3BHJa ce npe .iHcra, nopefyaHO je y iirrnTOBe 
(anpejie), HMa KpaTKe ne r re^Ke h noAoVieno je OMOTaqeM 
oa neTHpn ^HCTHLa, kojh cy aJ^h oa BiTHTa. ^ania je 
neTBopo3y6a, KpyHima. je qeTBopo.iHCTa, a ^hcthIih cy 
.laHneTacTM, 3anoubacTH h cyBpaheiiH. npaniHHKa HMa 
4, a TynaK je 1. TLao]\e%k je npnpacTao y3 qamy. 



ri03HABAH>E BOTxAKA 85 

IT.km je i.-oinTynima. Koja j< 1 e.inimtuiia n qecTO 
2 CM. ,iyra<n;a. y speaoCTB upiieiM. na Bpxy nynqacra. 
CaspeBa y ceirreiitfpy, 3peo po#je iipnjaTan. to je 3aT0 
Aotfap .ia jeao, a «m n.era ee roTOBe : nn'rnje, cijitko 
ii aeKMe3 : i;a,i, j» i neAOspeo, cKyn^a Bpyio ycTa, Te ce 

\{\m iuii ee 0,1, aera i'otobh ciarao npoTHB npo- 
.niBa ii.iH <aniBa KpBH yMecTO 4pyrnx .leKOBa, kojh 
eresy. II sopa oa ApeHa ckaTpa ce Kao cpe^CTBO nrro 
i 'i ■•-,»,>. iv cc ii DHa, Kao n poA, ynoTpetfAaBa necTO y 
AOKapcray. Hbot je npBa nama nq&iaMa. 

13. AecK& (Corylus avellana L). Cna^a y $a- 
MH.uijy <»jiaiiiiina (CupuUferae), jep joj je poA opamacT 

mopes y .i.ycKy. 

Una je no myiuufa r,y ce CMaTpa Kao myMco 
KopoB, H3V3eBraH Meuje Jiecm (C. colurna), Koja je 
ocpe^ae ii Bp40 neaeHO niyMCKO AP B0 - 36or Bp.10 yKy- 
••ii nra jxg.a. Miiore ce copTe AeCKe noAHaty Hapowirro 

•|r,K.i.yinn, na n Kao BHCOKe Bote, KaA ce mini y 
2 nuumi npe&pan na,i 36fc&0M, na 3araM H3 Haj^o^er 
is^aHBa pasBKj'e CTaChio. 

STeneBa sajtioAe na CHasHOJ a ocyBAOj wjllh. A^h 
AOda ftotipo pal>a ii na .ioiuhjhm 3eM^aMa, Te ce 3aT0 
C K"jinniti\ paji ii no Mefyasia, Hapoqwro Kao SHBa 
arpaAftj no OKpajumia iiiyua. 

II.: Genera npoi3B6AeHa Botaa flaje o6nnno aotipe 
copie, re ee aaTO aecKa perao npHca^yje; a KaA ce to 
mhhii. DH4K ee y.iMMji sa m«>.i,ioi\ aecKa upOHSBeaeHa 

BMOHa n.ui 18 iio.io;i;niina. A.1H Ka.i, ce K6AB tfpse 
ftoll <»n.i;i je iiajuo.i.r pa3MH0»HTH je H0403K- 

n una Ma. 

J.jii'.o je Bpjio bitko ii bumbo, na ce lato yno- 

l|M'o.|,;||;;| |,;| ],, ,;;| | „", | • V 16 . II'MUNl' I! pai'.IH' ILlt'Taplljl'. 

Kao Botica lose shbotii oko 80 roiiiia, 



8() BOTtKE H BOTvE 



•/lnmhe je cpuaoro, OKpyr.iacro, ^Ba nyT pecKacro, 
no uoBpiiiMiiM Ma.i>ci ho HMa aetCftKy; :ui.ihcij,h cy j\j- 
ry.tacTH h aary^acTH. 

I^Be'ra oeopyapa h .uapra. l^Beke je je^HO^OMO n 
y Maii,aMa. MyniKe cy Maue Ba^Eacre, HdHJene, bhcc h 
HMajy S npaiiiHHKa, a vKennre cy Mane Eao nyno.Knn 
H3 Ii'ojhx ce BH/^e caMo pyMeHH cTydnkn 04 Ty^KOBa. 

Haoa, je jajacT ear ^yry^acT h Haca^eH je na ae- 
cuaTy KynHijy, HMa je^Hy ceMKy. Bp.10 je yKycaH ; )7be 7 
Koje ce ik^h H3 .aeuiHHKa, TaKofye je Bp^io /i,o6po 3a 
je.10, a Moate ce ynoTpedHTH h y 6ojeiky. O4 ^pBeTa 
ce upaBe ,/ieira nrranoBH, saraM o6pyMH e yr.i,eH, a peee 
(Mane) cy noc/ie ^pena npBH HBeT, pa kojh hmcic eae- 
Tajy. Amt je Ao6ap 6pcT 3a CTOKy. 

14. KecTeH, KOCTaa (Castanea vesca, Q-aertn). 
Cna^a y ncry $aMH./iHJy y Kojy h .leniHHK. 

IIopeooM je H3 IlepcHJe h Xhhc, a 30Be ce no 
MecTy KacTany y Tecawinjn, r^e je OBor /vpBe'ra ow.io 
y H3o6H^y. I^esap je npBH npeHeo KecTeH H3 CapflH- 
iinje. y Hac pade no myMaMa ncno/i, IVieBa h na 
Jc/ihhh BHine TpHaBe y OKpyry pyAHHTOOM, BHiiie Ao- 
3HHu,e n koa Bpan>a ; a.in 36or yKycHor po^a, kojh je 
Kao h opax Bp^io BaacHa TproBHHCKa po6a, Tpe6a h 11a- 
poqHTO ^a ce ca^H, h no niyMaaia h no Bok&aijHMa. 

YcneBa ,a,o6po Ha cBHMa no*ioacaJHMa, na Kojuwa 
caspeBajy BHHOBa .103a h Kynypys, a 3eio>a Tpe6a fla 
je Ton^a, /ijdoKa h nponycT./bHBa ; HapoHHTO Ao6po Ha- 
npe/j,yje Ha 3eM&aMa y kojhx je 3ApaBHua oja, ctchckhx 
pymeBHHa (rpaHHTa, raajca, nop$npa ht^.), a He ycnesa 
Ao6po na TemKHM 3eM^aMa. Kpyime cop're aaxTeBajy 
TOiLie no./ioataje. 

Tajn ce Kao bhcoko Bote, a pa3MHoacaBa ce no- 
MaBHTO cesieHOM, npn qeify Tpetfa naanTH, a,& ce 3a 



m>:m \r. \n.r. BOKaka 



ct'TBv y.;\[t> BajKpynHige ceiie. PasMHosaBa ce h npn- 
••aliHHUH.eM na RecTCHOBy no&iory n.m sa xpacTOBy, 
HapoWTO iia ne|i. 

^psojeJieno i bhcoko; noae Bspacra Ha 25 m. n 

SHBfl DKO 100 10,1,1111a: BpjlOJe flOtfpO 38 roplIBo II |i;i:;- 

.Hi'iiit' Hspa^eBme. Kpvna je BciiiKa, a rpane cy pasBe- 
,V'ii»' n TaHse. jleTopacTB cy .i^v.ui it upBeHKacro-iipKK, 

.liniilif jc ,iyiy.i,acT<» . .laimeTacro, saonnpeHO, 
npyirao, ii" aboAj peipcacro a oca Kpamy neTe^Ky. 

Ilju'ra y lajy. Kyimto HBeke ctojh y ycnpaBHHM 
n KyiiKacTO Maiunia (pecaita), Koje cy Ayra^iKe oko 

i. ii y Kojima je 10 — 20 npamHHKa. JKeHCEB cy 
HBeTOBi onsoAeHi SMeHEacTHi o.MOTaqeM, Hajia'ae ce Ha 
uiy m y in i: mx peca ii.ni y .hichmm pyicaBHRMa, h y ii.inia 
je ii" 3 tyukh. 1 1. 10,1,11111,- je noAe^en 11a 6 OKana, a 
y cBaKOM oi;ny uia no abm saiieTRa ; khtobs sxa (>, h 
i-mh cy 'nM.'iin.aiui. 

Oko po.ui je oMOTa^ oj\ 4 6oA^>HBa Kano, kojb 
H3paCT6 i;a.i. po£ AOSpi, a yiiyTpa cy 2 — 3 Be.niKa. 
II«uyi,-pyr.ia<Ta. Mpi;a li cjajHa KeCTOHa C TyUHM BpXOM. 

Dpeia KpyimotH, ,v.ni ce sa npywrn \\ cwtho maime. 

II.im.i j»* h 0,1, j»M,imx ii Ofl Apyr^x Bp.io ynycaH, h je^e 
ce ouipnio ci.-yi'.aii ii.ni iH'Men, a y H6EH1 BeK&aMa, snp. 
j JlTa.mjH. Me.By ra, na H>eroBo 6paiinio nemajy ca 
shtom ii lies] , OceM Tora, noniTO y BeMy ana 

iraoro Mtpotfa, ynoTpe&baBa ce a 3a ne^eae paxqe, i;a,i, 

66, i;ao n y una. lor BOba, n.:a:;oi',e npciuipaiu 1 . 

15, /Jj-A mi Myps\ (Moras Ij). Cna^a y <i>a- 

MH.injy .ty.i.annx tfuasa (Moreae), jep inia po,i, ,i,y,i,iiii.y. 

Ropeiuoif je 18 Sirae \\ CpeA&e Aanje; npeHecea 

.I»'i5|».,ii\ j \ V B6Ky, a Mo HOKEMa 1(0*48 JOB! II 

j VI i|»n.\ je rpw npiin \\\ (too nocBeLeB 

Ihuiv n iM'fiuo Ce i.'.'io ::nai; \i\ iporni. 



88 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Hmh BMiiie BpcTa ^y^a, &ae cy HaJBaatHHJH : 6ejiu 
Ay A (M. alba) h «#ww 41/4 (M. nigra). 

Eejiu AV A je bhcoeo apbo; a HMa copaxa, Eoje 
ce raje h Kao HHCEe BoiiKe. KpyHa je OEpyr^acra h c 
pa3Be/\eHHM rpaHana. J\$w je atyTO, tbpao h Bp.10 Ao6po 
3a pa3He H3pa^eBHHe, HapoHHTO 3a 6ypaA y kojhmr ce 
ApM paKHja. 

./Innine je pa3HO./LHEo, jajacTO h neao, eae cpnacro 
n nenpaBH.iHO H3pe3aHO, har ncnenaHo, h yBeK KpynHO, 
TecxepacTO h BHHie Maite MaTEO. 

I^BeTa anpn^ia. Il^ene je aboaomo h Hac./iaraHO y 
36HBeHe je/^HOiNMHe h KpaTKe Man,e Koje H36HJajy y hcto 
406a Ea/i, h jinnike. J MyniKOM HBeTy HMa 4 npaniHHKa, 
a y aceHCKOM HBeTy, nnje cy pece Ayase oa cbojhx ne- 
Te^aKa, hjioahhe je 3aBpineH c ^Ba CTydnfca, eojii n::- 
ny r rpa Hoce CBOJe atnroBe. 

Ka^ ca3py aceHCKe pece (Mane), npeTBope ce y 
c/ioaceHY 6e.iHHacTy 6o6y : AyA U/ ny, AyA u n>Ky, Mypey 
EAEjazoAy, Koja je o6h*iho Bp.10 yKycHa. /IjanaKa HMa 
neTe^Ey Ay^se poAa. 

iXpnu Ay A pas^HEyje ce oa 6eAov AYA a y iviaB- 
iiOMe THMe, niTO je jnrmte 3aTBopeHHJe 6oje h ihto je 
KoatacTHje; dito je poA c noneTEa H,pBeH, a Ea^ y3pn, 
u;pH ? e bito My je neie&Ea Epaka oa AyAflfte (po/^a). 

3a cboj nopacT e je^aH e Apyrn AyA Tpaate npncoJHa 
Mecra, a 3eM^a Tpe6a A a j e J aKa > TpouiHa e ocyB^a. 

Mory ce pa3MHoataBaTB e npnojtHHMa, a Hapowro 
no^oasHHuaMa ; a Ao6po je, EaA ce pa3MnoataBajy n ce- 
mchom, Ma A a ce Ha Taj Hannn poA H3Mene. KaA ce 
meAE ao6hth EpynHHJe jiHiiiHe, OHAa Tpeda M.aaAHH,e npn- 
caAHTH TaEHM copTaMa. 

IIoAHaty ce Eao bhcoec h hhcec BoiiEe, nopeA ny- 
TeBa, no Me^aMa hta,., HaJBHine pa,p ^iHiiiha, eojhm ce 



II03HABAILE BOKAKA 



89 



Kcxpa&yje csuieHa 6y(Sa (Bombyx raon). TyceiiHua 
OBora .H'lrnipa jeAe .uniiKe oa GBMora Ay^a, a.iH je 
Hajtfo.i.a cBn.ia. saA ce xpaim .inmkM 6qaot AyAa; na 
ce pa^n OBora 6e./iH AyA uo^aate jom h Kao ocpe^ae 
h ehcko Bote, a h Kao atHBa orpa^a — atEBiiK. Ha 

B^iaiKHflM 36M.La3ia jlHDliie je BOAIBHKaBO H APBO H3Mp3H6, 

a y .liimtiy c A7AOB&, kojh cy Ha hochhm 36M&aMa, Hena 
am (a<T.»jai:a xpaHe, kojh cy noTpe^HH CBH^ieHOJ tiytfn, 
i 06 HUM) Ba.Inl pa3BHJe. 

II.iOA h oa jeAHor h oa Apyror AyAa Ao6ap je 3a 

i nose ce oa ifeera netiH n paKnja, jep HMa AOCTa 
metepa. 

V npiniM AyAHH>ajia HMa neKTHHa, neKTHHCKe kh- 
CMMHe, CTpemiie Kiire.iime h meLepa, Te ce oa h>hx y 
anoTenaMa npaBH HaKHceo cnpyn (Syrupus mororum), 
kojh ce Aaje 3a HHke y rpo3nnqaBHM 6o./iecTHMa, a no- 
i.i.ii'.HTO 3a Hcnnpaifce npoiHBy 3ana^eH,a ryme h ycTa. 

Ropy oa AyAOBa KopeHa, Koja je ropna h yLyia, 
ii|H'ii<»j»\4HBao je y CTapoii BeKy /1,hokpha Kao .aeK npoTHB 
naiiT.i.ii'iajie. ihto HeKH JieKapn y ocKyAHHH 6oahx cpeA- 
crtBa ii eaA srae, a h nonyjiapua MeAHunna y Heron 
:;f\i.i.;iMa jom je r i,iiaKO to ynoTped^aBa. Oa ApseTa npaBH 
ce y Xiiiiii n.;i',jiciia xapTflja. 

16, CMOKBa (Ficus carica L). CnaAa y hcty «i»a- 
MH.uijy y i;ojy n , W . 

Pacw Am'.i.a y JyatHOJ JeBponn, h Ty HBeTa n 

|>;il,a CKOpO Hp6K0 \\GAQ roAHIie ; a y HCWIIIOJ MllljHJM 

\'i»|iiiiiii HMa ii hlkbha copaTa, soje cy nyHe M.n"ina 

\lloT|»fu.I,;||i;i .;;i |'|);il ; ('|f,l' ITil V 'I \ Kit (GhllU- 

mielasticum). 

YriU'Ba ii;i CBaKOJ AOtfpOJ (JafflTeHCKOJ :;c\i.ui n t|i;i;i;ii 

TonM, npieojaH nojios&j ; a.m Imi.i ce npeso sue no- 

KpHBa .'.•'M.i.km ii. i ii ::;nTH|it' i\i;i\io\i. HOX6 C€ rajimi H 



90 



BOUKE H BO TIE 



y xaaAHHJHM MecTHsia c ^0CTa /i,o6pHM ycnexoM, a Ha- 
pouHTO y oo,iHKy miia.inpa ysa 3HAOBe, kojh ce npeKO 
3HMe Mory 3aK.ioiiMTH. /l,a npeKO 3Hiie He 6h H3Mp3.ia, 
flotipo je /i,a ce ca,a,H y KonieBe, na c jeceira 4a ce aa- 
je/1,110 ca OBHMa Ba,a,H h 40 npo.iena qyBa Ha Ton.iini 
wecTHMa. 

PasMiiojKaBa ce ceiieHOM, noiioatHHuaMa h HarpTaB6M. 
IIo.i03KHHH,e pafyajy Bp.10 AO(5po, a y&aafca&eM notion mix 
rpaHa Mome ce npoH3BecTH h ihh6 .ienor o6arr&. 

y Hac je cMooa bih6 ear 03ian>e apbo, a na Jyry 
je ocpe^ite, na n ^ocra bhcoko &]>bo, ca chbhm h;ih 3e- 
.ii'iuiM rpanaMa, H3 kojhx Tene awe mm gok. V HcToraoj 
Hh^hjh noimaTa je je^Ha spcfa eiroEBe no^ hmch&m 
CuiHuna (F. indica) Kao bhcoko /t,])bo (Be.i limine opa- 
xoBa ^pBda), Koje ce o,pHKyje thmc ihto n:t rpana 
nynrra ^ede^o CTy6acT0 Kopeae. 

Anmne je aetfcio, 3ia.taB0 h xpanaBO, a no^e.i.eHO 
je na 5 — 7 3aTy6acTHx pe;meBa. 

I^Bene je je^Ho^oMo, y QEpymoj h.ih EpymKOjiHKOJ 
MecHaTOj, myn^oj h Ha Bpxy npooymeHoj ao»h, kojm 
je y^OKHyTa Kao nynaK. Topite je HBehe MyniKO, a 
/i,OH>e aceHCKO. Y MynrcoM HBeiy HMa 3 npammiKa, a y 
jKeHCKOM HBeiy h.io/i.hhk je naca^eH na Kocy a KpaTRy 
neie^Ky; cxydHh je Ha Bpxy pacuenAem 

O/i, ateHCKor HBeia nocxaHy ^onHHJe MeKane, comie 
CMOKBe, y KOJHMa cy CHTHe h MnorodpoJHe axeHnje (po^) 
c tbp^om h KpTOM Koniy.LHHOM. IIo oCLiHKy /je.ie ce na 
OK/pytM, uAOcuaTe h KpywnacTe, a no 6ojn na mj- 
CmuacTe, sejienmcTO-otcyTe n mapene. 

Cmokb6 ce je^y h CBeate, hhm yspy, h TaKO cy 
3^paBe 3a je.10 n .iaKO ce Bape ; Miioro ce BHine cyme, 
aaTHM npecyjy n TaKO npo^ajy no TproBHHaMa, n aKO 
ce ocymene Teae Bape. Ofl tt>hx ce y anoTeiiaMa npaBH 



n03HARAH>E BOHAKA 9 I 



A0KOST, "ir.a|> (Speeiee spectorales), kojh ce ynoTped- 
.i.aBu sao raj ;;a 0M6KmaBa&6 npoTHB sana&e&a ^viuhmkci 
ii ii.iylia ii npOTHB aKYTHHX sana&efta Apyrux opraiia : 
a syiiaHe y m.i»m;y ,vu. v n ' npoTHB 8ana&6H>a ryme. 

17. BHHOBa ao8a (Vitis vinifefa L). IIopeKJiOB 
je H3 A.;np\ 11 TO H3 JepneHCKG, a no Ka:;iiHan.y Cb. 
IIiirMa Boje je 6ho npi'.u. Rojaje OTiroiieo raje&e bh- 

HOB6 .H^e. 

> -neBa uaj6o.Le y toh^om K.iHMaTy, h y tom je 
c.iyiajv iiajuo.i.n u h.cii npoii3B0A. Or.ie^HMa je ^OKa- 
.:anu. ,i,;t ycneB&fte A036 B6 3&BHCH oa npoce i me roAHHiH>e, 
BeL <u iifMM-e'iHe Aerae Toiuoie h oa AyatHHe .leia. To 

tpOK, MUHTO BHH0B8 A038 H6 ycneBa hh y u.ia,niM 
KMUManiMa. jep ej xaMO qeCTH Mpa-3eBH, hh johhm Kpa- 

jVliinia. l\V j* j KpaTKO A6T0, Ha H 11KO je Olio lina'ic 

.v».t;i TOflJio. Cp6A&a .iema Ton^iOTa Tpe6a ^a je 25° II,, 
rata + 2° U,. TaJH ce H3Me^y 20° h 50° ceBepHe 

l 40° jy;i;iie mnpHHe. 
Ha n.)j)n.i,aiinM seMAaJia yKopen»aBa ce Aoopo ; sa- 
.V'l'.o.i.iia je CBaKHB ;!t'M.i,iiiiiTOM. a ycneBa nonajdo.i.e 11a 
OHO, KOJe 66 .iai;o Tpome 11 onpal^yjy, a KOJfl irpH tom 
iincy cyBnne ronjie 11 IpytipeBHre. 

GNtamo ce pasiHOsaBa pesHH&aia, iipuo.i>im.\ia. 

iioiuimimaMa. iin.i.»;Kinma\ia 11 iipiicaljiiHaii.i'M. a pefyB 

G6M6H0M, jap ce y HOCJieAften <Myiajy inpal,a n ,10 poAa 

i.".i;i.;n 66 up.io KaCHO, T6K iiocic 6 11 I'.iinit 1 ro,i,iiiia. 
66 npm-abvp'. Tpfua \ ::orn ::a iio^.iory aMrpii'ii.v 

m w oh6 Koje tHJioKeepa se edtotb (imp. hma- 

pll.ja. COiOHICj l\lM.*rrpur HTl,.). 

BiHOna je .10:5a mud, kojb 66 y upnpoAHOii (,1,111:- 

A6M) naii.y B6&6 v:; .Ipyif 5HAK6, xi'.aTajyliii 66 Bfl 

11. n\ paiii.i,m;a\ia. Ha raj na<iii!i I0S6 u.'-parrn OKO 12 K. 

A. 111 nrro joj ra.ia rpoa$e HHJe toahko sa yno- 



92 BOTvKE H BOUE 



Tpetfy, ne $ joj ce 4a to./ihko pacie, Beli ce raja hhcko 
Kao h Mtiore BoiiKe. 

./talk je cpuacro, OKpyMacTO h no^e^eHO je Ha 
neT KpynHO 3yn*iacTHx peaoteBa; y mhohix je copaTa 
Marao, a y MHornx Ma^aBO. 

U,Be r ra y Majy. I^Beke je xepMa^po^HTHO ear a,e- 
ohhko. ^ama je CHTHa, ue.ia, eae je no^e^eHa Ha 4 — 5 
3y6ana. KpyHnua je cac r raB^,eHa o# 4 — 5 .incaKa yTBp- 
^hhx Ha hoth^oahom K<MyTy, /lyata je oa name, a .uickc 
cy joj H3BpHyTO jajacTe. IIpaHiHHKa HMa 4 — 5 ctojg 
npe/i, KpyHH^HHM ^HCKana. Ejioahhe je oio6o/i,aH h no- 
Ae^,eH je Ha 2 — 6 OKaua, y KOJHMa HMa no 1 — 2 3a- 
MeTKa. Met je MaBnqacT h totobo 6e3 cTy6nha. 

ILaoa, je 6o6HHa, Kojaje je^HOOKaH^H^BOOKa. CeMKe 
cy KOH^acTe, ycnpaB^eHe h HMajy 6e^iaHij;e. Y pa3,iHHUHX 
copaTa eaoj\ je pa3./iHHHe Kpynnote a e pas^innne 6oje, 
a o6hiiho ce jaB^a Ha .lacTapnMa kojh H36HJajy p 
jeAHoro,a,HiHH,e ^ose. 

Tajn ce pa^n po^a (rpoat^a), kojh je hocbc yKycan 
3a jejio e 04 Kora ce npaBH Hajdo^e a^KOXo^iCKO nnne 
— 6uho. Bhho ce 04 BaJKa^a cMaTpa^o Kao noTpedma 
^y^CKa HaMHpHHii,a ? a rpoacfye Kao HajnpnjaTHHJe bohc, 
na je saTO BHHOBa .103a e pacnpocTpajteHa no hmom 
CBeTy. Mefyy cbhm Hapo^HMa MycaoMaHH cy je^HHH, ko- 
JHMa Bepa 3a6pan,yje hhth bhho. novate ce y pa- 
3^ihhhhm o6yiHi];HMa. Y Be^HKO ce raJH no BHHorpa/i,Hjia, 
a y Man>HM KO-annnHaMa rajn ce no rpa^HHaMa, a necTO 
e saje^HO c BoiiKaMa y o6,iHKy jioMana, oflpuua eae 
uaprfciKAUja (ocMaujiyna) , a HapoHHTO y o6./iHKy nop- 
fiona. CopaTa HMa Bp^o MHoro, Hy c BoLKana ce raje 
odnqHO caMO HaJKpynHnje copTe (cMe^epeBKa, a^aKa^Ka, 
paHKe, /i,peHij,H ? ia.iBacHJe ht/i,.). 



n03HABAH>E BO*R UCA 



93 




C4 



L8. Orpo3, MopcKo rpo^e, TpHoo6a, mMaaaic 
(Ribes grossularia L). Pacie caMOHHsao no EtajienHTini 

niy.Ma.Ma. a.m ce 3(5or yKycHora poAa m .aenora miioa 
lijuvHa) rajfl ji DO rpiumuiMa. 

Vfik'na na 6B&EOJ 36MJLH, a iiapowro sa^ je OBa 
ikmiitm y ocojy, ;:;itiim i;a,i je cnaxna h ynepeHO B.iaauia. 

Ka.l C6 MtMlllir l)Vn|HI. H Ka^ 

ce npeKO .it'Ta ja^e CKpayje, He 

GaifO ,ia iiajuo.M' |>al)a. Bet ce 
jom ii noAMAalyje. A i;a,i, ce 
;k»mii ii-MM.ia.urni . on^a ce 
I'KpahyjV jifi .;f\i.i,t'. 

PasMHOsaBaoBiipno^HMa 

ji iio.io-.KiiiiiiaMa. a napOTOTO Ha 
Kinimni iia^nin; a^H ce £o6pe 
eopre ftotiiBaj; \\ ns eeiieHa. 
PaJH ce i;a<» miio bhcok 
60 90 cm., a h Kao Apette 
<•-.]. 10), ira.i ce lijiiinun n.ni 

na Eyry pitosjiy (Ribes au- 

ivimi) h.iii na npiiy piidimv 
i II. nigrum) n.m na ApseHacTB 
orpoa i K. nva crispa arborea) 

It. III. Il;ij.;;i,l,. i;;i,i, cr .yfuo II|i<>- 
H3B6A6 JI.: Iiajnia'/Kiuijcr H3- 

,i;mi.';i. Ka i. ce npnea^yje, po.i, 

je iiaji;j)\iiimji! : a \;u,\ ce S64B 
npOHSBOCTI ftetfjIO ji.; h:s,viiii,-;i. 
cxpaie n&e cbh aoto- 

paCTI, .la n.: II. nx u:;oiijy jai;n 

iaja h.:m»'|,\ era* «3a6epe 
npiTKy, ;i odaJiH «•»• yiuone. 
pacre .jom npse ro^iine sa 85 



cS 



<;.i. 1<». ,l|H!iic orposa. A 
,\i'C>.\o, I: npHTsa, C Beaa, 

l> irpvua. 



M.ia,i,;i|in. n::,ianiin. na 
ii;ijj;iMii ii npHB6S6 3a 

:;,-i. i|i;i;;i ii ii::,i,;iii;ik ii::- 
<-M., ;i mm loiiiny ce 



9 \ BOTvKE M BOUE 



yiuoHe c n,era ho6ohhh M.ia/i,apn. Ka^ npo^yateifce ^6 ah 
AOcrarHe BHCHHy oa 1*30 — 1*80 m., m kojoj ce KpyHa 
-MQAVi paaBHTtt, OH^a ce KpyHa opesyje Tano, a* dv,i,e 
OKpyr.iacTa. KpyHa je rpanaia, rpaHe cy r^arae, 6e.in- 
qacTe h cyHOBpaTe h na CBaKoj cy no 2—3 6o^e. 

./lnnine je chtho, onpyiviacTO, kyiiho, pecKacro, 
A.iaKaBO, no,3,e^eHO Ha 3 — 5 peamnna h HMa KpaTKy 
ueTe.BKy. 

I^BGTa y anpn^iy h Majy. II^BeKe je y nasyxy .uicra, 
n o6h i iho cy no 1 — 2 peTa 3ajeA?o Ha KpaTKHM h 
OTo6(u>eHHM neTeyBKaina. x Iama je 6e.iH*iacTa h iie'ro- 
.iHcra. H KpyHHii,a je ciomeHa oa 5 ^iHCTHha, a.iH obh 
cy AycnacrH h KpahH oa nauie. IIpauiHHKa HMa neT, a 
crydnh je no^e.teH na ; pe KpnniKe. 

Raoa, je conaH, onpyrao, Ha.iHK Ha nyne oa rpo- 
adja, 3aBpmeH je ^e^iOBHMa oa name, a 6ojeje npAaBO- 
atyre, 6^e^e, se^ieHe h^h TaitHO-pyMeHe, CeMKe cy Lo- 
jiiKacTe, cTHCHyTe, BO/j,opaBHO no^ojKeHe h .lease y coity 
6o6Mu,e. Haoa, ce jaB^a Ha jeAHoroAnniHHM rpaHaka, jep 
caMo obh a^obh Hoce HBeTHe nyno^LKe. 

Copa'ra HMa noBHiue. frvAe ce no 6ojn Ha upiiHie, 
3^eHe, atyTe, 6e.ie h aMopacre, na ce saTHM koa CBaKe 
rpyne naan Ha 06.1HK oodnna h a& ,ih cy iviaTKe, By- 
nacre h.ih Ma^baBe. 

Bodnua je-Bp^io yKycna, a h pa:].in<mo ce yno- 
TpedAaBa 3a KOMncre, bhho hta. Kopea je nenaA yno- 
Tped.LaBan Kao cpe^cTBO 3a Tepane na MOKpany m ^a 
ce H3a30Be o6jlamo ^y i ieH>e MOKpake. 

19. Pn6H3.zia, nMaH)H,H, 6HM6epoBo rpoacije (Bibes 
rubrum L). Paere Kao ydyii oa 1— 2 m. TJdyn je 6ea 
doAa/i.a. 

Tajn ce Kao n orpoa no rpa^HHaira 11 K3HCKyje 
hctv 30MJty h no.ioataj, na h ira,i, ce aie.in o^raJHTB Kao 



Q03HABAILE BO RAKA 




C> 



iioKKima U|»biu'} c ,i<''"».ii)M (el. 11) npeaysiMa ce lipBii 
ii.ni .ipyni naMiin. A \n\.\ ce raj n sao jjoyh, na 66 
cna3B la cj my ,v>n.«' rpaae liaprui'iaiie. rpeoa pa urro 
spake (.ja'ic) ope3ara. r l,a un ce hothomomo caspeBa&e 
p<M,a. ua.i.a npeso .u'tii I'K'jni.uimTH luaflape, a cyBii- 
m ii** vK.ian.aTii. Ijiane cy 
ynipamie n oype. Pa8MH0- 
;i;ai;a ce iipiiopmiMa. 

.liimlic je spynHo, npH 
ochobb i-j»ua<-r<». ca 8 — 5 
i;|i.i.» .ivii'iacTiix pexaeBa h 
ii|)H»*Hw n:;«"M»iuiaiiiiM nrn\i>- 
i;a.Ma. 

Hurra aii|ni.ia n Kaja. 
Hia'hc je &AOX6H0 y rpo3AO- 
B6, soJH Bifce i.'a.i ce pacijBe- 
raj\. a neTe&Ke <\v EM Tan lie 
ii \i;i.i,;ii{f. Mania je r.iarKa. 
c AonanraacTiM pexftBxa, 
KOJl CJ ,\y>\:\\ <m K'.imiacTiix 
Kpyini'iinmx .liK-nitiii. Ory- 
niil. je paeeieH na ABoje. 

1 1. mi je mohhiim. Koja 
je fui.i.in'iii'* oojeria, a iia- 

\;\\nw,\ je 3(5or .lll.MYIK'i.T KH- 
G&IHH6. .J;i];.l,;i .-.• i;;|.» M 01 |»OL{ 

na jfM i iiuio^uiini,nM r|»;iii;ni;i. 

l'u|iTf... i,.'.|r Hooojll lia MpKo- 

UpBefle, |>y,i;ii'iinHi[>ia'ii<\ 5e.ae, np\ racTe, upHe aMflpacTe. 
:{pf.ir cj piiHii.;.ic i-.p.io iipiij;rnii' sa jejio. Ofl 11.11 x 

ee <-M|i;ii!.i.;i HBKHC60 cilp\ II (SynipllS nilirillii). ROJH C6 
llijr .;,! lllll.f j rpo.:ii||<|;i Kll M no.liMTMMa \ K6CT0 . 1 n M \ - 
ii rOTOBfl Ce '».l. ll.ll X II BpJIO JKyCHO I'.llllo. 




I .1. 11. ,U>»n,'' |)ii<>ii:ur. A 

i. 'i'i.ki, l; ii|iiiti;;i, C B68a, 1> 

K|>vn;i. 



96 BOT*KE H BOTvK 



20. Ma^iHHa, cyHHHa (Rubus idaeus L). PacTe 
no u^iaHHHaMa, l iecro Bp^io MHoro ; a^n ce 3dor yKycHor 
po^a rajn h ho rpaAHHaMa, na necTO h BHine 04 orposa 
h pn6H3^e. 

Pa3MHO^aBa ce H3AaHHHMa. H3AaHHH npBe roAHHe 
noce ca>io .oinhe, a TeK Apyre roAHHe aohocg HBex h poA. 

3eM^,a r rpe6a Aa je npexoAHO H3pn^aHa dap 3a 
50 cm. h Ao6po Ha^ydpeHa, a Kacnnje noTpe6HO je, A a 
ce no^y6pn CBaKe roAHHe, aKO ce xoke Aa AO^po pa^a. 
nocie 5 — 6 roAraa Tpe6a joj a^th Apyro MecTO. C 
jecem Ba^a j\o 3eMjte ope3aTH ABoroAnniite rpane Koje 
cy AOHe^ie poA h yk-iohhth cyBe ^aobq, a oa .leTopa- 
cra, kojh Le Ha roAHHy aohcth poA, saApataTH 4 — 5. 

.lyKac h 06epAHK npenopy^yjy, Aa ce MaJuma caAH 
y OACTOJaay 3a 1 m., na 3araM Aa ce Ha poA ocTaB^ajy 
caMO 2 — 3 H3AaHKa h obh npnBeaty 3a npnTKe. 

^Lnmhe je MeKO, iifufro Ma^io sryatBaHO, 03ao oV 
^iHHacTO h cioraeHO oa 5, a pefye oa 3 ^ncTHka; sa- 
.ihchh HHHy H3 .iHCHHX neTeAaKa. 

I^BeTa Maja h jyna. E^BeKe je 6e.io, y nasyxy 
.inniha, ycaM^eno h.ih je CKyn^eno y roMonne. I^BeTiie 
cy neTe^bKe Hajnpe ycnpaB^eHe, a 3a r rnM cyHOBpaTe. 
x Iania je 3e.iena, c 6e.iHM o6oaom h y 3pe^ocTH npe- 
caMHheHa. KpyHimHH cy .ihcthhh H3BpnyTO-jajacTn n 
npn ochobh BeoMa cyateHH. 

ILioa je npBeH, pei^e jfcyT, Ma^aB, MHpnme h Amu 
Ha jaroAe, a CacTOJH ce oa chthhx cpacanx KoniTyHHHa, 
Koje ce .iaKO pa3ABajajy jeAHa oa Apyre. Hene cop r re 
pafyajy roAnniae jeAan nyr, a Hene ABa nyr. /l,e.ie ce 
no 6ojn Ha upeeue, wyTe, pyjueue h u,pne. 

Ma^HHa je Bp.10 yKycna n MnpHm^HBa, na ce 3aro 
paAO Tpoiim He caMO 3a je.10, Bet ce oa H>e totobh h 
Bp.10 ojhho c/iaTKO. Ojy Ma.iwifa ce cnpaB.o n CHpyn (Sy- 



1103HABAH>E BO HA U A 97 



rapas rubri idaei), kojb ce flaje noM^maB <• bo^om 3a 
mitu' y rpo3HHTOBHM (SoAecTHMa. y .lnmliv inia Tanniia. 
na ce 3aTO yttOTpeft&aBa npOTifB npiunua : a Cjiyma 11 

.;a ]!i-iiiij>an,( i rpn;i.nnui npOTBB 17111000.1.0. 

21. KynaHa, ocTpyra (Rubus fructiosus L). 
Pa&ifiKyje ce »4 Ma.iiiiic y roue, into joj je CTafoio 
BaAKacTO ii na npxy chbo, into je .liniilic irponepo, 
nm> je 'iaina yciijiaB.i.cna y;t pafl n (UTO j«' \u\\ upn n 
nocyT ciiBHM nen&fcKOM. 

Tajii ce na kcth naunii Kao n .ua.inna, rj. n y 
n,» i ce opesyjy poroAmnfte rpiiiie. 

I'a.iMii i-.Kana ce muu-.i.-iinnaMa. HajoiM.c je \n\,\ ce 
raje ya orpa^y, ny iummmic copTe (Lawtor, Kitatliny. 
Seneca, Davisons mt.u no^iay ce n ya npaTKe. 

I I.i'M je cian.-a n iipnjaTiia yi.-yca. tc ce n Qfl 
n.''ia. sao ii Ofl MM.iinia. KyBa cian; >. capyn n iiiitiijV, 
a ii y .liiiiihy ima Taimiia. Kao n y .uimhy Ma. mini, na 

i" ii i»in> ynOTp6($&aBa :;;i nriinpan.r ycTii n nine. 

22. Jaro^a (Fragaria L). Ilo-niara je fin. ia join 
ii CTapil hiM.i.aiiinia. a. in tci; y XIX i;<m;y ik>m»m;i ce 
rajinn n to sajnpe y $paimycEOJ, a uanm n y ocTa- 

.1IIM .:t'.M.|,;i\I;|. 

.V<-Ilt'|;;i liajuo.l.c na KOAOSaJHMa KOJB i'Y IKMIITo 

.;ar«'ii,«'iin : .awi.i.a Tpetfa ni je pOftHa n flotipo ypahcna. 

II.: Genera opoH3BOAe ce «ecTO H|».i<» .iciic copTe, 

a. in ce, uun'iiinjf. pa3MH0JtaBa n n;;.i,aiininia. jep na 
raj nannii paHHJe pal,a. 

II.; tfoKOpa j;il'M.;i paSBHJaj] Ce t'.:j<nift.t( . <>'/"- 

i n.in Oh naul'ni. a 113 TBOpifta na r.pe- 

•,Knna.\ia HCTepyjj mn.n. n Tai;o iincraj) W)6U fiotcopu. 

to nornojforue, Tpefto aa TpB i ninnr nanycTHTu 

(OKOp ,i;i BStiflje r.|M-;i;niic n «»i OBHX .;;i.!p;i;aTit naj- 
nniin' j«\i,ii\ n.in inc. mi. i;,i i n. ; nBOpHLa H3(5hJ] ;i;n.i<\ 



98 BOUKE H BO'KE 



OAcekn hx oa tfoKopa, h to Ha 10 — 15 flaHa paHHJe, 
no ihto he ce npeca^HTH y npHnpesi.teHe .ieje. Haj6oj>e 
jo, kua ce Bpmn npecaijHBaae y aBrycry, jep he, kha 
ce y obo fl,o6a paca^e, poahth Bet Ha roAHHy ; Me^yTHM, 
aKO ce upeca^e y npo-ieke, AOHOce poA tgk HOBora npo- 
Atoih, a caMo HeKe h HeKe poAe r re roAHHe, h TaAa je 
poA Miioro chthhjh. Poa je, y online yseBiun, Apyre 
roAHne HaJKpynHHJH, a AOHHHJe je CBe chthhjh. 

y jaroAa je .ininke Tponepo, jajacro, KpynHo Te- 
crepacTO h obao Ma^aBO, a H36nja m n^OAHHKa kojh 
je odao h Ha ray t. 

H,B6Ta oa anpn^ia ao jyna. I^Beke je 6qao h 
.ih i ih Ha Ma^ie niTHTHhe. Cno.Ma u yiivrpamita qaniHna 
HMajy no ne r r .iHcrnha ; h EpyHin,a je hqtoamta. Ilpaiii- 
hhuh cy MHoroSpojiin. TyiKOBH cy TpaJHH h yTBp- 
fyeHH ca crpaHe. KapneAHJe (n.iOAHe ,ihckc) cy c\Be w 
pacyTe no MecHaTOJ .iojkh, Koja je oojeHa h y ape^iocTH 
jiaKO onaAa. 

II./10A je OKpyMacr h^h Eynacr, BaTpeno-npuen 
(janpeM-6oja), a cacTojn ce ynpaBO H3 MocnaTe poAHHije, 
na kojoj je poA pacTypeH y BHAy chthhx 3pHa. Penme 
pa3.iHKyje paa.innne cop r re jaroAa ho olinny, noaoatajy 
ce>ieHa, 6ojn jaroAa, 6ojn >ieca, KpymiohH, KaoohH h 
AO0y CTacaBana. 

YnoTpeoa hm je BeAHKa, a iiaJBMwe :ja caaTKO, 

HHTHJO H BH110. 



& 



VIII 
P A C A A H H K 



Tano ce soBe ouaj npoarop aeM£e, sa kom6 ce 

DpOM3BOAe M.ia.lllIM' II BOliKe V BCAHKOJ KOJ1HMI1HII I! Iia 

ii.t'M\ .V'i.i«' Heryjy, aoh toahko ho ojauajy, ,\w ce wory 

Mill H Iia rra.illo M60TO. 
y jcK-a.uiin.-y cv .1.1m r.iauiia o^e.^Ka: ceMeHUWTe 

II pClCTUM). 

1. CeMeHHinTe. T<> je oflfijbax., sa KOMe ce Botite 
pasuHOZ&Bajy ceMetWM. 

bhom ce Bokce pa3MHosaBajy n.in sa^ ce ;i;c.ui 

npOI3BeCTB EOBfl COpTa, II. in J iiaMcjui ,i,a ce npOH3- 

!pe iio,!,.iimv (M.ia. un^. ,i r iin.i.ai;e) pan 

npiea^HBa&a 6o&em copTaxa. II y je^HOU n y apyron 

r.iyiajy. A<X$IB6Ha li«»lii;iill,a n:; C6M6H8 30B6 C6 AUO^fttfa, 

bona n.iu AVAJbOHWtya, 

AjKO 66 mikmii n.;i',jiiiiMTii <tth;i. 4a '•<> ii|)oii::i;i',i,y 

pe6a DasHTH &a ce cene stfipa cano <m, 
. Koje ce <M,.nn;\.iy ;k»\i.himm ocofaHaia. 

• IHKO ll[><\ iiito je HCKyCTBOH .V'i;a.:;iih». la C€ 

y morn copaTa noitaayje y ii|>hjhh,ii o*ai;a.i, ueKi 11a- 
"•iiniiii;i\i.i (saTo ce 11 30Be AUGAtatca), tj. pofl 

7* 



100 BOUKE U BOT^E 



je ./loiHHJHx ocodnHa oa po^a H3 Kojerje ceaie ydpano. 
3aTO ce, /j,a poA 6y/ie hito 6oahx oco6HHa, npHnoMa^e 
BeniTa^KHM om/ioljHBaifceM, h Ha OBaj HannH Morynno je, #a 
poA 6y^e hcthx, npn6./iHJKHO hcthx, na h 6o;bhx ocofinna. 

Hy, OBaj je paA, Kao eito ce bhah, h Henoy3Aan 
h Bpjio saMeTaH; saio ce pa3MHoa;aBaH>e cesieHOM, KOfl 
ohhx BokaKa Koje ce Ha OBaj HaHHH jaKO H3MeLy, Bpnin 
nor.iaBHTO paAH npoH3BO^eH>a iwaAHna (no^ora) sa npa- 
caljHBaite (HaBpTaae) OAa6paHHM copTana. 

CeMeuuwTe Tpe6a ^a je Ha OTBopeHOM (c.io6oahom) 
MecTy, A& 6n ce BOhKnue jom na imeHa HaBHK^e Ha 
CBaKH no-ioataj, a 36M^a Ba^a && je hito 6oahx oco- 
6HHa ? CHaatHa h Monna (aytfoKa), ynpaBO, A* je hcthx 
oco6hhFi Kao h seM^a y pacm/iy. Tponma, ooBarai 
uecKynia, c nponycTAHBOM a,m nnaK nenrro B^aatHOM 
3ApaBHH0M naj6ojta je sa ceMeiiHurre. 

CacBHM je norpemiio MMiu.teH>e BdtapcKO, a^ : ^- 
MAMiuTe, Koje je OApefyeHO 3.a eeiieHinnTe h y onnrre da 
pacaAHHK, Tpeoa r \a je .ioiiimjhx ocotfana c Tora, nrro 
ce He 3Ha, Aa ae he aeM^HinTe, na KOMe he ce AOHHHJe 
npecaAHTH, 6hth 6ojlex h.ih ^ohimjmx oco6nna oa OBora 
seMAHDiTa, na he BotiKe, aKO flofcy na .iomnje sKnutiimTe, 
H30CTajaTH, Beae, y nopacTy, (kke 6oAemMse hta. Kao 
toa hito CTonap Ba&any ctokj uponsBOAH caMO, aKO je 
oa paHe M^iaAOCTH hito 6o.Le xpann h Heryje, TaKo hcto 
h BOhap Mopa na3HTH a< 1 H H>eroBe BotiKe jom H3 Ma- 
jieHa Mory Hans y aeM&H y H3o6H£>y h Aotfpe xpaiie. 
Jep, Kao- toa hito y loaAOCTH jionie xpaneno rp^io 3a- 
KpjK^aBH, na AOHHHJe ne bji.i.m, ,\okaq toa 5Khbh, Tafco 
n BOhKa, aico ce y noneTKy HcnycTH, nelie ce mo!ih otii- 
MaTH oa 6o./iecTH h roTOuaua, iiehe ce Moliii oAyiinpaTii 
mhothm nearoAaMa, r re 3a'ro, ne catto iiito neke mohh, 
Kao iiito Tpe6a, KopHCTflTH, nero he n irpe upeMeiia 



I" A C A .1 H II K 10 | 

yninvTii. 3aTO ieii.fca y ceiWHirarry n y onnne cbemr 
o.lr.i.itiiMa y pacaAHHSy mu.a 4a je HITO OO.LHX oco- 
uiiiia. if aaTO r.i»'K"jn noun pit 11 no cejy ceme y ceiie- 
miiino. iu'Ii j caiuyiiifit' 11 cuiMiie cy^OBe, jep Dory ^a 
11a obsj iiamiii ;i»'M.i,y DOHajtfo&e y^ece 11 nonpaBe aa 
ita.i.aiio jia;jiuijan,e M.ia,i,iiii,a. BoiEHlja. 

Honrro ce sex&a flodpo otfpaflH, H3pHAa na 30 — 40 
CM., ycirnui 11 iioj^yujni. liajio'iHTO komboctom, koJh 
je noiiemaB t nen&iou 11 ?ai>y, ipetfa je no^ejiHTH y 
Aeje Koje he (5htii kojIHKO 6e xoLe Ayra^Ke, a nrapoKe 
1*20 m.. sao 11 spi rajeity noBpka. IIodito AHB.i»ai;e 
y upBO ,v»oa Tpaxe neiiiTO x.ia^a, 3aceHe, cacBHM jo 
lo6po, x,{ ce Jieje lui'iiiiie mutely inna.inpa hhckhx bo- 
}.ai;a. a sapouTO ohhx, efoje ce noAHacy y o<1.iin;y U 
I'M. L2). I'a.ui OBora ce DpoH3Beay npexoAHO mnaAHpH 
nia.iMKi.') v.; -.Kimy hah CKe.iHue 04 jieiaBa Ha bhchhj 
'i •_'•') m.. Dpi Mt'My ce n;i:iii. ,\n onanimiwn (paoaTe), 
na sojoa cj iiiiia.inpii, (jyay QffipoKH 1 m., h a» je^aii 
«M Apyrora ojAy pasAaAexo sa 4*5 m., a no cpe,pHB 
ii.:M»-i,y ii.iix iia'iiin*' ce .ieje aa cejaae Bolder ce.Mcna. 
je ,ia pe^OBH iinia.iiipa B^y o r i, DCTOKa m 

:ana.i,. jep Ta.ia .loojinajy .i»'jc .loBO^bHO aarcno na no- 
i.in\ tj. y flfi6% i;a,i, je iiaji'.rl.a npiuicKa. 

ta |>a:;Miio;i;ii.in ceMCHOM, 011.10 pa.ni 
irjM>ii.;i',«»j ; fii,ii BOBIX COpaTa n. in m. ia r uin;a, 6uao \r,\,\\\ npn- 
<-af,ni',an,a KeJMBXU n>pTa.Ma. DOTpetfHO J6 ft8 C6M6 K0J6 
m.i m ijit-r,,! .;;i .vjaii,<' u. in niMii iipiiu)' jm'Mo, ii. in ,i,a ra 

<u kom synnio. II y je^HOii h yapyroi cay^ajy Tpetfa 

OTHMO "I'.nx :;iia'iajiin\ ii|»aiui^a. 
1. <V\|. ua.i.a i.a je iiuTiiyiio paSBB^eHO, ,i,a je 
:UpaBo ii nu> jo yripaHO C I'.'il.awa cpeAfclX i<>- 

.liiiia (CTapOCTl). II.: C6MeHa C (fojIWHHX i*.'»|,ai;a ,y>oiI- 
(XfaqHO Mia nine i.-jr.i.M.ai'.ora pana. 



I (H 



BOTvKE H BOTvE 



2. Ilorpcmiio je TBpfyeite, #a je ceMe o<\ ahbahx 
Bokaka Mnoro tfo&e 3a cejan,e 04 reMeiia lueMeiiMTiix 
BohaKa, c Tora hito je, Be.ie, no-Tiryiio pa'$MgeHO, a c 

THM H 34paBMJe H H3Ap3KAHBHje Ofl, CeMGHa EHTOMIIX 

BokaKa, h ^a ra 3axo YBeK, Kafl ce :&%ak npe^yseTii 
ceTBa 3a npoH3BO/i,H>y M^nna, Tpeda npeTnocTaBHTn 

ceaieFiy iihtomhx bo- 
taEa. HcKycTBOMje na- 

npOTHB ^0Ka3aH0, m 

je 3a ceTBy iraoro 60- 

,Le C6M6 Ofl 1I.K\M*MIH- 

thx Bokaita, jep cy one 

fiii.hKe Miioro jeiiine ii 
6yjHHJera pacTa. 
3. ,l,a .in je eeMe 

I ;ioo|h> 11. in He, MOJKe ce 
koa MHoror A03HaTH, 

I afto ce nonpeirao npe- 
ce i ie, na 7 aiio cy oh- 
jaBun 6e.m, n ai;o je 
ca^pzHHa MaTKa 11. in 
ropqnKaBa, h npujaTFia 
yKyca, cene je 406 po ; 
otfpaTHO pfyaBo, aKO 

C.i. 12. CcMeHHinTO, na KOMe cy .ieje 7nri Q1 mw 

HSMe^y ua^iieTa (iniisuHpa) y o&anKy U. °J JMHJABUH IjpHH, a ca- 

^patHiia y'/Ker.Ktr yi;yca. 
Ho flotfpoTa ce CBaKor Botiiter ceMeHa ne Moate caanani 
11a OBaj na^HH, 3aTO je Ao^po, 4a My ce npe ceTBe 
ou,eHH oHJaBOCT, napo i iHTO Kyn^eHor ceaiena. 

4. OtA^\ KJlHJaBOCTH BpiIIH ce Kao H c paTapeKHM 
yceBHMa 11a BHine HaMMiia, a irajooVjFFHJe ce b3boah 
OBaico : KanaB jiOFraii, eae caKcnjy Tpefm HanyHMTH 40- 
(SpOM 3BMAOM n y OBy nocejaTH 100 3pHa y3eTnx c pe^a 




I' A C A J\ II II K 103 



• a "in 1 Ko.niMinie. KOja je saMeaeHa 3a cojaae, noKpirni 

11X TailKUM ftAOJeM .H'M.I.C II 36M&J HO TOM MHIlliC Ji.lll- 

;kutii. II<» njittjy iMiija.iora coMona, mm ohbh y pOKy 

<U 14 .1" 20 ,l;ill;l DO COTBH, 113BO.UI Ce H K.llfjllBorT 

iU'.iorn ceMOHa 3# ceTBy, na ce npeMa roue H3pa*iyHa 
I kojuko ra rpetfa sa cejafte. Tai;o imp. aico ce naV, 
,\a je Ofl inn .;pna K.wja.io GBera 75, oh#i he h y 



v 



lo» 



Ku.iii'inini ceiieHa ja eeray ohth sapaBor eeMOHa 75 
8 25°| € sete iMiijani. re ce c Tora 3a to.ihko mime 
ii cavern icopa iiMani npn pyijH. 

5. I1It-» je ceMe CTapnje, h aKaje limine 3#paBO 
h nomyno paiuuijeim, to je Man>e K.injaBO, na raKO 
jiomaje n 3a ceTBy. Ory^a je noTpefao siuttm h boKhom 
66M6Hy sao i paTapcEHM ycciunia. sa Koje Bpene Dene 
pa&uraiora BoLa nocae speaa sa^psaBa koL K.iHJaBocTH. 
Obo je BpeMe y Tpemaif.a, m.j.iibh, (Specaia, orpo3a h 
l»n«'iii.;.ia je^cm meet*; y 6aA0Ma 40a Mecetja; y ja- 
nyua. iqtyinaira. ,ivn>a. ocKopyma, .lecKe, opaxa, KecTeHa 

a; a y jiyniMy.ie h tfe.iora Mora 

OCOMHOeCT M<<r, in. 

6. DoTpetisy KOjiH^Hiiy ceiiena 3a ceiBy 04 jadyua 
h i;j»\iii;ii;;i nosejfo iijjiinpaTH npoHKOM ynoTpetfe OBor 
Bofca, a n;ijMMiiiTo npB roTOB&eity jatfyKOBaqe h npn 
cyinefty; a 04 rpemaaa, Biniiaii.a. m.i.iiBa. Kajcnja, 6pe- 
caw ht.i. y ,i,(»n;i \\w\ obo uoke CTanie sa jejio h Ka/i, 
04 11, m.\ rjboio c^aTKO, nesiies, inrnije hta. CeMe, Koje 
y norpe<$HOJ ko&hwhb Be 6hcmo iomh npn6paTn, Tpetia 
synm caio 04 npinosHaTira b craifeHHJ ceiieHapa. .v 

h.k- OBJ nauaw;y \\ iiniop} i;y Bpme pa,v> : Vnpai'.a IBKOJie 

I .:ii'M.«M,r u BotapcTBO y ByKOBj i;<»,i, HeroTHHa, 
Viijiai'.;! PaTapcse Bbcojie y Kpa&eB] n CpncKO H0&0- 
DprapeAHO ,l,|.\inTi:n \ BeorpaAy. 



10'j fcOTtKE TT P.OTxF. 



HajnpnpoAHHJe je ,406a sa ceTey eofinez ceueua, 
napo'iiiTo i.-onmi'ianor, Henocpe^flo uo 6ep6n uoha, jep, 
Ta^a iiocejaiio, fto#BBa liaJBiiiiie B4are, 36or Hera opvKe m 
lunja, n 7 iiito je r.iaBiio, y 3ein,i>H ce h Haj6o./be 9jBa, 
tj. y to /1,06a nocejaHO, He caMO /ja Haj6o^e KviHJa, Beli 
je n ]iaj:}/T,paBnje. Opax h .lecKy Haj6o^>e je cejara, hhm 
caspy, h 3aje r po c oaiiHHOM. 11 mAHBe, m& ce cejy 
c MecOM, naj6o^e Hflny. — Ho aKO je jeceaa cejn;i,da, 
Kao hito ce bhah, MHoro 6o.ta oa npo,iehH>e, mmr HMa 
npH^iHKa, ^a ce ne Moate h ne cue cejaTH c jeceHn; 
to je ohhx roAHHa, KaA ce nojaBe mhhicbh y noBehew 
tfpojy, jep obh Mory ynponacTHTH no kojh nyr CBe iiito 
ce noceja.10. 3aTO je npo.iehita ceTBa necro 6o&a oa 
jeceite, h aKO ce noy3AaHO 3Ha, a& cene ao npo.ieKa. 
6yAH KaKO nyBaiio, ae itoase ycacaTH B.iare y aoboahoj 
ko.ihhhhh, 11 #a he M./ia/jHue Koje noiiHKiiy H3 top ce- 
Mena 6hth BHine h.o MaH>e kpac&aBHJer pacra. /l,a ce 
AOCkohh OBoj ne3ro4H, noTpe^Ho je 4a ce ceine ao eeTBe 
wto 60M' uyea h a^ ce bito 6o,Le npnnpeMH aa ce- 
jaite, a napoHHTO aieo he ce, H3 6yAH kojhx pas.iora. 
cejara c npo^eka. 

IIo OHOMe HITO 3HaMO, 4a MOh K.lHJaBOCTH KO£ 

BOhiter ceMeHa Tpaje KpaTKO BpeMe, H3.ia3H #a he h 
ceie paHHx copaTa BOhaKa H3ryf)HTH 3Ha r rHO oa cbojc 
KJinjaBOCTH h OHAa, KaA ce ceje h c jeceHH, ano ce ao 
Tora j\o6n H e lj y Ba Ka o IIIT0 Tpetfa, a join BHiue, ai;o 
he ce cejara TeK y npo^iehe. 

Ceme jadynnnua no'rpedHO je, paAH Tora, join npn- 
.ihkom 36iipaH>a niTO 6o&e onpaTH y boah, ohcahth h 
ocymHTH ra y x.iaAOBHHH Ha npoMajnoM Mec/ry, na 3a- 
thm cBaKy BpcTy sa cede ycyTH y Kecnue, h obc, noiirro 
ce Beaty, odecHTH 11a nposiajnoM MecTy, rAe hx Ba^ba 
nyBaTH ao ynoTpede — ceTBe. 



A r l II II K 



105 



Hemro je re«e uyBaTii cone KoniTHqaBor Boka. 
Oho ce 'ivita \ bjioxhou necKy kojb je noMeinaB c seniTO 

yr.i.r-na (oa NjHi.iiii:*' '/, --V l0 fleo). Pa#B rora y::My 

<aiuyinliii u.m AOEBfl (<\i. lo). n;i CO y OBe iiaciii 1 

MOJ DOCK* :;a 2—8 CM., ::aTini C.40J KOiiiTHitfi, g faKO 

bl.l.f j. a. 1,11. ,\n\{ BHCHH8 CBIX r.lojcHil IK 1 Sy^e 20 CM. 

ftaoj 11^ na.i.a &a jo .u'u.i.n. c rbra iiito 6h Ronrrime 
y iiajinr.Kc-M r.iujy librae iiit|>yiiytu. OBaKO iiaimMMio 
AOBBfl ii.m «'aii,iyiiili«' Tpi'oa wyuaTii y nOApyMy, a 1 1 it— 
KEKO lia TOMOU H CyBON M.-cTV. jep (111 C6M6 UpoiMH- 
ja.iu 11 iii'T[iyny.iu. Ai;«» ce ;k«\im eejaTH cjecera, odinnio 
HOAOBHHOM OKTOripa, T|»)'u;i 

ceMe ,v» ror jotia npoMeinaTi 

3 n\ra. .ia B6 til BCTpy- 

ny.io: a l( -i ce soHrnrate npn- 
.nn;o\[ n'jaii.a OflBOJe Ofl HO- 
<-i;a. ipetifl neeas Dponycr&TH 
spoa pemeTO. 

II i;;i.i« ( -,- ( -\|r i:oiiiTyinma 

;k«'.ih eejaTH y upo-aete, lysa 

C6 na iCTH nawnii. caifO je (: -' 1:1 - Oeife y nec*y n 

|»a.;.uiKa y TOMe, BTTO M ra,i,a jrwwiiy. 

necas npexoAHe acnepe y h6K(mhko boa§ b aotipo ocymk, 

nil" <•»* lema ca l / u urn nana yr.i.nia. iiito C€ nan\- 
if.t'iiii ••aiuyiiil.ii n.iii .loinm C6M6H0M n»' 'iviiajy nnio 
J n«'i.j)\M\ B6i ii ] \.ia.i,iiuj oofa, a y jy»HBJHM K6- 
CfOfl \i;nliaimj\ rr n y .;r\|.l,\. i»,l, |||iii. iin;r 38 0'5 M. 

T] ce t.ii;o -i\i',ajy ,io tedpyapa, a sa to ce 
BpeMe n.i.iii. i;i necas tfyae yiepeHO iua;i,-an : a\ »e- 

6pyap] ua.i.a B3H6TH cy^OBC iiamu,.' n necaK nai;.ia;i;imi. 

'iinniir .:a\i:;i| ( ' 2 3 M|ia;:a. it i,a ce THM6, ll\- 

h;ih.''\i Aycne, o.iai;ina i.-jnjaii..'. Dene c ii|M».i<'lia noce- 

JJHIo 'I. '.To ||r iOSe IIIIUIVTH CftJCO •' Tola. IIIT'o \ TO 




l()f) noTvKE ii bchf. 



/iooa H6Ma jaKHX MpaseBa, Te 3aTO, ano 6y#e noniTe^eno 
o r \ cii.iiiHx iienpMJa'Ru.a, caneo n Apyro npo-aetie it t«k 
Ta^a jimkiio. HaBeAeimM na^HHOM, kojh ce 30Be ctjju- 
nujJuKiMiw ceMena, noApaaiaBa ce npnpo,p n na Taj 
iianHii o,iaKHiaBa K.iiijaH>e, h y npH.iHK.aMa, tfifi ce e 
npoyiena mo pa cejaTH, nmrpa ce i;ao Bp.io no'rpeoan H 
Bp^o ^o6ap na^HH. Je^HHa My je Mami y TOMe, iuto c 
npo./Leha Moate HacTynHTH ne3ro,T,Ho BpeMe 3a ceTBy, na 
^a y to Ao6a h eene npooHJa, h, aiio obo iiacTynn, 
on r i,a ce OABajan.eM KoiiiTHna Ofl, necira ifory Miiore k.iiihc 
nciOMHTK, tc ce tjimc w\ihi;h ^eo ceMena ne 6b iiorao 
ynoTpe6nTJi 3a cejan>e. 

/I,a (m ce ceMe ko-ihko to.ihko cauvBa.io 0,1, mii- 
aieBa, AO0po ra je, npe ceTBe, noiemaTH c no3AepoM, 
oiiTTpnM necKOM, TpfceM, nene.ioM 11 ualjv. 11. in ra naTO- 

ITHTH nJHfflTeBHHOM, II. Ill CMpA-fcHBOM CMOJIOM, Koja je nO- 

:5iiaTa nofl hmciiom Asa foetida, jep MnmeBH na ona 
Te./ia nepa^o nan.iaae. A &a 6a ceMe (Spate i.uitja.10, 
iiope.i, cTpaTMa>MKOBaH)a ceMena npenopynyjy ce joni n 
Miiorn Apym Hammn, naponnTo Ka^ ce ceTBa Bpimi y 
Maihoj Mepn. TaKO imp. : 

1. CeMe jatfyqimna, 3aTHM 04 ^y^a, Kecrena, opaxa 
11 oa,\eMa, Ka^ ce ceje c npo.iena, ^patn ce H6K0AHKG 
^ana y ciaHoj h M.iaKOJ bo^h, na ce OH^a ceje. 

2. CeMe oa Tpemaita, BHinaita, 6pecaKa h Kajcnja 
CTaBn ce Ha n«inny CTpaHy pemeTa, na 3a™i MeTHe na 
cy/\ c KyLyna^OM bo^om Koja je CKHHyra ca orn>a n pe- 
meTO noKpnje non,aBOM; TaKO ce fipwa, aoh ce Bo^a 
oxjia^H, na ce OH^a Konrrnne nocejy. 

3. KoniTHHe nijLHBa noTone ce hah y npeu, irojn 
je CKopo yrameii, noiuTO ce Kpen npe Tora pa3<1.ia;i;ii 
boaom, h y obomo Npm 12 — 15 ^ana; my. y mckuw 
Ha^iHBeHe khiuuhhom, y KOJHMa ce nyBajy 10 — 15 #ma, 



V A C A 4 II II K 10? 

flOK ce veRHftfl He yrpejy n yKnce^e, a.m 3a cse BpeMe 

T|h'u;i ,io.nii;;rni n.\ B0&0M. ,l,;l cc lieKHAG H6 orvme ; 

li. in ce noTanajy y uuwTeeuwy, y eojoj CTOJe 15 20 

,\\\\\\\, na ce :5utii.m ct'jy. 

CeTBa Bokftei ceMeHa npmii ce OMamce, y pywe 
11 y pe^oet na AejaMa, Koje ee npirnpeMajy Kao u sa 
noBpte, c tom pa&UKOif, niTo oB^e 3eM/by Tpetfa H3pir- 
.i.ani ii a j na&e 3a 40 cif. flytfOKO. 

Gerea oMa/mxe (iia eaiiry, iia inapOKo) hjhuh ce 
pyxoii no lU'.ioj noupiimiin. na ce 3araM eeiie rpad.i.a.Ma 
DOKpije .;t\M.i,oM. A iro je ceiie npoK.mja.io. oii^a onaj 
nawnii cerae mije TaKO sroAaH, jep ce ra^a rpad.i.aMa 
lory omreTHTB nHore iMHue. 

Gerea y pyue ( ..//n</j(me"). Ha OBaj ce natron 
eeje spyimo cone, imp. : opax, KecTen, .lemHHK \v\\\. 
•'iiyiirraii.eM C6M6Ha y pyue, kojc cy upe tom iiaMiro>enc 
ca^HAKOM; a aso je seiL&a cacBHM MenaHa n Tporima, 
<»ii,ia ce ii ..yda.vi". cui'iiio Rao n w<\,\ ce .iyi; ni.ro. 

Cerea y pe^oee upinii ce pyKOM n.in h cejajm- 
naM.i. i;;i,i, ce y BeAHKO pa^H; ynoTped.i>ana ce odnuno 

Cffraor Bohaer Genera h cMaTpa ce y omuTe sao 
najdo.ui na'iiiii. jep dii.w.v iniajy naJBHme CBeiviocTH n 
loryiiHO je isie^y pe^OBa iipaiinrni. ii.kmuitii. ua ii l;v- 

opHTll. f l,;i JMCMO 0,1 0B6 C0TB6 IIMa.lll QITO 60&6T yciie.XM, 

DOTpe($H0 je ,ia ce npii cejaay cothmo obex aanoMeHa: 

1. Bpas^e ::a cejaAO, KOJe je najdo.i.e npaiwmi 

MoTll'IHIloM. KaO Iia <\1. 14. IK' Tpi'djl #B cy Jfl6M <>,1, 
.'5 H> cm. 11 i',;i.i,;i ,i,;i cy y iipanny 0,1, HCT0K8 na ::ainu, 
jep C6 11.1 raj nawnn n.iara najdo.i.e :ia,i,p;i;ana. 

2. Bom je, aso ce Spaa^e hobjk] no miipiiini 
.H'ji' aero no Aysikn, jep ce Ta,i,;i (Spate ceje, a ,1,011- 
BHJe 11 .H'ji' ee Aaitme hjiobc ii npalne. Bpas^a OA^paa^e 

m je p;i::ia.i»'i;<» .:;i 20 »'U. 



08 



ftOUKE IT nOlll'"! 



3. CeMe Tpeda ^a je pas^a^ieKO je^HO oa Apyror 
3 — 4 cm., a caMo opax 11 ((a^eu cejy ce uofl&M, 4a 
ce o^a'Me Mory upecaAWTM Ha <t<i.iho mocto (ria^eM, 110- 
iiito ce OKa^ieMH). 

4. CeMe Tpe6a hokphth ftoCipHM h tpoihhhm kom- 
nocTOM, n to : ceMe orpd3a h Ma,iHiia 3a 3 cm. ; Kpymar»a, 
jadyira n Ay^a 3a 7 cm. ; a KpynHHJe ceMe : opax, KecTen 
n ./leniHHK h KoiiiTHiiie oj\, BHinaita, Tpeniaita, HLBHBa, aaj- 
ciija h 6pecaKa, EOje Tpaate flom Mare — 3a 10 cm. 

jep ce y tom cmajy 3eM,ta He oko- 
peBa, a oa l iecTH ce h ^y6pn. 

5. Bo^e je cejaTH pe])e ho se- 
mke. KaA ce pefye ceje, OHAa ce M.ia- 
Anue, AHB,taKe, BHmeH3^iamyBa3Ayxy 
h cbotaocth, h HMajy BHine npocropa 
3a pa3BHJait,e cbojhx raAa, r re 3aT0 
h MHoro do.te HanpeAyjy. Mel^THM, 
KaA ce rycro ceje, M-iaAnue r rpne ocKy- 
AHHj y CBeMy obomc, a oceM Tora, 
TaAa h B,iara H3 seawbfl tipae ncna- 
paBa, Te taso na-re wyro jom h oa 
C4. H. MoTHHHua, ko- cyme. Ha n aKO je TaKO craH>e y 
" (mco ^Ze VWQ ^oj CTBapn, HuaK cnaoA Tpetfa 
HeniTO rymte cejaTH ho iuto 6h Tpe- 
6a.io, jep npnjiHHHa KO^HHHHa ceMCHa CTpaAa oa HTHHa, 
neKa KO^iHHHHa He onja hta. AyKac tbpah, a^ ce Bp^o 
KopHCHO H0Ka3yje MeniOBHTO cejaae ceMeHa oa jadyiia 11 
KpyiiiaKa, jep TaAa, bqahl, o6e 6ejlm 6oJb<s nanpeAyjy, 
3aT0 iuto ja6yKe y3HMajy xpaHy H3 n.iHHHx, a Kpynree 
H3 Ay^ HX ciojeBa %mm< 

6. ^a nTHi^e He 6h Ba^HJie nocejaHO ceMe, 'rpeda 
jieje saTpHHTH; Aodpo je h KaA ce H3HaA Jieja 3a 60 cm. 
bhcoko iiaMiinB iipe&a oa i.'ouana, Hapowo luaBHX, a 




v a c a ;\ II II K 



109 



bhjg dome in ce obac <>ii r i» i eaMecM n no KOja qerp- 

ia.i>;;a I'M. 15). 

7. Ii'n i c€ oeje c npoaeka, rpetfa aeje iuto qemke 
;;a.un:aTH. 

Ka.i, ce OKopfl ropaa <\i<»j aeje, na.i.a Kopy iio.iai;o 
in'TjMiuiuTii : a &a ce BOBa lie flu liamiiiiua, u thmc o're- 
;i;a.i<> K.injaii.e ce.Mena. rpcoa :j«vm.i>\ n.i.Mrma rn c neue- 
aoi, orpyroTiHaMa ut,i,.. na je sethm nokpiTH aropejiHM 
l)\ujH'T 1 »M. a najiiciuio miiiM u;j Tou.iiix ,ieja, Aa ce thko 
.;;i,l|r,i;ii nrm iniuie 
BJiare. Obo C9ako- 
jtKO T]»ena ywuhutii. 
&K0 C€ Jteje B€ oil 
■OM6 .;;i.ini',aTM. n 

a&o Mge yiiiii-t'iKt 

CB€ BITOJ6 JloTjM'oiio. 

m ce na ii.iiMn Be 

iia'iiiiiii TBpaa sopa. 

Ii;i l. cexe npo- 

i;.iiij;i. rpetfa t .K'jii 

qMCTHTH KOpOB H 

.niiwmi m.i;i,v «"»ii.i.- 

IllUt'lill Iljlll T<>\|. 

i,i ce 38 BpeMe cyme 

.;a.iiii'Mijv pe^e ;i.ni luiiiit'. Aeo ce onasH, &a cj no- 

BiDUe M.ia,i,»iH 4 i. - |>;i;.i,;iii<'. n;u,;i n.\ .;;i.iiii;mtii BO^OM, V 
KOJOJ je j»;i.;M\lirii;j niiiiiTt'i'.iiiia (060Ea), il.lil B&AQM J 
KOJOJ j» J IK'IIITo IjYojM'Ta li:;\|i'|ll;i BO c IH'lU'.loM. HoIHTO 
C6 MUHJj OBaROM I'.o.im.m. T|ii'u;i n\ :;;i.|||TH II 'IIKToM 
>\|. 

iao cj M.i.i.iinir 'lecre, mM \\\ paspeAHTH join 
,i."i; je KopoB n;i jieja (npe Bero ce Aeja onieBH), 
Da iiM'i\ii,iiM'. nomTO mi ce cKpaTH cpxua kem 3a 




C.i. L5. Mcr|i!;i.i,i;;i .:a ii.iuiiicii.c urinal. 
« )i;|h'|,c je B6T&p.) 



1 1 BOTVKE 11 HO'lli: 



1 / • 



\ — / 3 4y;kmiio, upecaAETa ( .. iniKii])aTir*) n.iii na 
ii cry .iejy, aKO HMa Bape,p*aBHx MecTa, ii.m y 0A8&aK 
aa npMBpeMeHo paca^HBaibe, naaekM npn tom, fta pe^OBH 
y KojuMa ce ca,p 6y/j,y paa^a^eKO 3a 10 cm., a uiu>Ka 
oa t)H/LKe 8 cm. To Tpe6a H3BpnraTH y aotfa, Kafl ce 
jia ii>HMa nojaBH TpetiH .ihct, He pa^yHajytn Ty s. kah- 
jaBue (KOTH^e^OHe), na hx 3aTHM 3a 7 — 8 ^afla 3ace- 
li.ii iuitm h aa^HBaTH. H KopoB ce qyBa y obo BpeMe, 
^a 6h ce H>HMe 3aceH>HBa.ie npecal)eHe M.ia.AHue. 

Apyror npo^eta no cejaity, ^aitae nocie ro,i,iiiie 
Aana, M.ia r pu,e ce npecat>yjy uae y OAe&aK 3a npiiBpeMoiio 
upeca^HBaae (jadyminue) eae y pacTH.io (KomTyiiHue). 
Pefy) ce aaApauiBajy M^aAflne Ha .lejaMa, r^e je cejano 
ho abc roAHHe, a to je y hph.ihhh, KaA ce npei.pa- 

lillBMHjeM HHXOBa ,^0.111 VTli'10 na imixobo ojaiaBaae*. 

CeMeHHiirry npMnaAajy : npnopiiiiiTe (MaTM&aK) u 
OAe^baK 3a npnBpeMeHo pacal>HBaH>e. 

npuopwure (Mara^aE). Obac ce bohkhiio pas- 
MHoaRaBajy : upuopuuMa, nqzpTtmeM, uoAowmutyiMa 
H tis^any/UMa. HpnopHiHTe 30Be ce 3aT0, hito ce 3m, 1,1111 
WbAQW BofiKe najnpe wpuope, ij. HaroHe, fla na h.iix 
noTepnjy ;Kii.ie, na ,\n ce TaKO iipeca^e m.hi y pacTHAO 
h^h Ha cTa.uio KeCTO Kao aareoiie BOtEe. 

PasMuoofcaeaHe upuopv,uMa (npno&nHMa). IIp- 
iiopuH ce npoH3BOAe H3 petunia, tj. jeAHoroAHiu&er Ap- 
flera, Koje ce npeceye h^h oamjix iiciioa 01,11a (0.1. 16), 
haul MciiOA npcrena 11a rpaHH (c.i. 17), hjih ce Hajaafl 
ojifi&m TaKO, ,ia ua iteMy oyAe m Henrro ABoroAHmiter 
ApBe'ra (c,i. 18). KaA ce saTHM peaniiua nocaAH h M3 
iBe Mamijy 3KH4e; to je upnopan 11.1 11 npuojban. Cajio 
pa:miio;Kai>,aii.e itpmn ce npoeTO, it hsboah ca ea ycnex^i 
koa piidua.ie, orp03a 11 BHHOBe Aose. 11 Ayii.a, saran 
xo.iaiiAcica jaoyKa (Doucin) m ucrpOBaua jaoyua (Pa- 



r a c a ;j. n n k 



Ml 



radios) pa3MfloaaBajy ce iia OBaj na<iiin: a.m c Tora, 
iino ce ii;i iiO|K i irv obex BoLaKa He moh;o npoHSBecta 
nwiuii, AOBOAaH 6poj iKii.ia. jKiAiije ce pasMHoataBajy 

H(iq)T<UbrM. 



Cl 16. 

lV.;iiun;i 

|)llu|l.;.li;. 



(J.i. 17. Gd. 18. l*e:uinn,u BHHOBe 

lY:.:iniii,;i 4036. A ABoroA"Uiibu .io;;a. 

orpo l) je ,vo ob6 (ABoroAHta&c) 

dOSe, p;icii.ri[.i,cii DO Cpe- 

.lilllll. A& C6 I'MMC llnTIKi- 

\ioiiic paaBHJaae siua. 



PesHHue ce iory cefeH c jecera, a norj n c npo- 

.H'La. ii fo j ,iuu;i, i;;i,i t iinji' K040T0K COKQBa, a Ay»HH8 
l!M je H» tO CM. Iliiai; je no.i,<\ ,i,;i ce II |M';;iiilii,i l , 

icoje ke ce ua npoAeke npnopHM, join c jeceaH OAcejcy, 



1 I '2 IJO'KKE H BO'HE 



na r ],a ce 3aTHM sapoBe y necaK y noApyny imh y 36>lly ? 
y o/io6oah. 

i/leje, y Koje tie ce pe3HHue uodaAaTH, Ba.ta 4a 
cy HeiiiTO y ocojy. A cano no6a r /j,aH>e Bpura ce y pyne. 
Koje cy npe Tora H36yiueHe caAH.tKOM. IIpH Tone Tpeoa 
na3HTH, aa ce pesHnne, Koje HHcy ^me oa 20 cm., 
3a6oAy ycnpaBHO (BepTHKa^iHo), a OHe, Koje cy av;kc 
04 20 cm., HeniTO koco h TaKO, a a 6yAy HarHyre Ha 
jeAHy CTpaHy. H jeAHe n Apyre Tpe6a Aa cy y pacro- 
jaity 3a 10 cm. h y toahkoj Ay^HHH, Aa H3 36H&6 
BHpe h npBHX no 1 oKue, a y Apyrnx 2 — 3 nyno.tKa. 
4,a ce pe3Hnue He 6n ocyuin^ie, Ba^Ba oko cBane Hadni'H 
mvby caAH^LKOM, kojom r rpe6a h pyne HaunHHTu y Ay- 
6hhh y Kojoj Ba.La nocaAHTH h pe3HEp. Ako cy pyne 
n-inke, pe3HHn,e 6n ce Mopa.ie yTHCKHBaTH c HanopoM 
y 'smjbj, na 6h to momo 6hth y3poK, Aa mm ce y 
AOiteM j[VAy noBpeAH .iHKa, iuto Moase AonpHHe'rn, Aa 
ce pe3HHue hh y hoboahhm npn^HKaMa He Mory ynp- 

nopnTH — n])HMHTH. 

/IjrauKHM pe3HHuaMa Aaje ce koc no-ioaaij 3aio, 
iuto ce TaAa nocTaB.i.ajy 6.aHffie noBpuiHHH 3eMAe, r re 
hm je TaKO Moryhno, j\a majy Bume Ba3Ayxa, na 3aT0 
a paHHJe ia nycre M./ie h Aa ose (SyJHHJe nopanihyjy. 

KaA cy pesunue npecafyeHe, OHfla r rpe6a na3HTH, 
Aa ce ueiuke 3aaHBajy. Hy 3a^iHBaH,e ce Moace sHamo 
o^aKiuaTH h TMMe, aKo ce .ieje noKpujy inyniH,eM h.im 

MaXOBHHOM. 

EaKO ce M3 ncKycTBa 3Ha, Aa cBe pe3HMne ne 
Hcrepyjy aocth. it ftdtfpix ;iiW/ia, Aiucie, Aa 3a to BpeMe 
HHcy join ao6j>u npnopnH, to je y TaKOJ npiLinuH 
naj(>oyT.e 3a4pKaTH cbc caafie upnoABrc na hctom MeeTy 
joiu 3a jeAHy ro^HHy ; a j\n 6h 're roAMiie 4o6m^h hito 
BHiue h iuto oo.bHx aaiia, Tpeda hm iuto biiiiio p,v6ao 



v a c a ;i H II K 



113 



CKparaTH. Tuebi cj npno.mn noc.ie abb roAime Bp^o 
i.»M]iii sa npeea^iiiiaifce. 

Ha (MIl'iaH IiaMIIH np<>ii.u:n, i,<> C6 IIpiIO.BH,U II ii:i 110- 

Aamca (KopeHacTora crania). Ka/i, ce aaie npoHSBeCTB 
Ma.inHc h KynHHe; na n Tpenrae u mjhme «iecTO ee paa- 
MHOJtaBajy na oBaj Haqini. Ma.uina\ia n KymniaMa o^ceKy 
ce inuaHiui 04 3—5 cm., na ce BO^opaBHO ynicHy Ha 
lipHiipcM.i.ciiy Aejy n osro noicpHJy som&om ii.m komiio- 
ctom sa 5—8 cm. M sacrpy apo3opou TOttie aeje. .Icjc 

i;a.l,a .;,H11M Mi'llltic llp<>l«'Tpai:aTll. :;a.lllBaTll ll [L16BHTH, 

na, Ka.i, oii.i.Kc OHBpcHy, OH^a yKAOHHTH npoaop c .ieje. 

Boa m.T.mta ii rpemama no^aHUHMa ee #aje ,i,y;Kiiua 

15 CM.) na ce Kan n pe3HHU,e ("rau.ia yca^o- ikmiito 

i.i.y. na;u'liii npn tom, ,ia iim ii upx 6y^e nciio/j, 

.it'.M.i.c <u ii|in.inK( i sa :* cm. 

PasMHOOMMeatbe naiprimeM, Ha OBaj ce iiauun 
pasMHOJULBajy cme BohKe Koje Hcrepyjy H3 BpaTa ^oope 
WMurn, nn]». ,\\\bn, 
\u.i;m,vf;;i jaOyita, ne- 
ipniwi'ia jaoysa, 6M0- 

in.i.iiiia , .it'ci:a. 

pitfi&ia i orpos. 3a 
obo ce npeKpaTii boLks 

,-\i.i,r, n;i ee ii.;- 

.laiiliH. KOjl do ro« 
ii.iMiijy. i;a,i, .lonnniy 
BHCiray oa 15 20 

CM., ;jarpnv 36MA01 38 

in L5 a. (ci. 19), 

a ttowe I ii«Mr.i.«' ii«»- 

BOBfl 06 iktii pa,i,n.;i. rj. nailono 66 ::aipiiy 36MA0X, 
Bpfl q6M] 66 DOSH, l.'i OBOM Ilpll.llli.'oM o\ i.y 38IM>0M 

noKpiBera Henrro Btfme, «m, npiAHKe 3a 20 ex. Ha 

.1 !i.:i;iiiai:;i ip»,i. B6MAOM RStiffbe J01D HCT6 ro^iiiic 




GLl l ( J. PasMHOzaBaEbe 






114 



BOUKE H BOTvE 



A<X5Ta ii Ao6]Hix ajM^a, tjiko aa ce neli c jccojui Mory 
OABOJHTH 04 Majfiie, it npeca^ETH kuo caMocTa.iue jjoK- 
khi#; a aKO ue E3<5iijy, oiua mx Tpe(5a na tom mcctj 
3aApaaTH ao Apyre jeceHM. Hapamio, ^a lie pa^imjan.e 



>f> 




.fir 



.1. 20. Ilo.uirun.. 

c.i 060, 1,11. 



C.i. 21. A .iu:;u iiu.ioiiioita y caxcHJy 

B A.022L llo.loJKCIU y iionipHuy. 



/KM.ia oiiTii y luiMKo 6p»e, y ko^hko je :5wu,a oo.i.nx 
orodniia. /l,a <1n ce OABOJene wAkc join tfo&e pasBiue, 
He tpe(5a 11 x ra,i,imi <>,i,\iax 11a rra.nn> MfiCTO, r.eh y 
pacTMjio. OBa ce pa T i,ii,a Md-Re iionouirni mm nrroj koKkii 
CBaiie ro^He blob cimKe Apyre. 



\ I II II K 



115 



\!H<Ul< ttiUllhr UOAOOH H (Uf,(IM(l . II Olid j( l ll|HMT 

HaUHH [»,-i:iMllo;K;u;;iII.;l laihaua. AoTOpaCT II. Ill rpanu KMBC 

HMCKe boIiko casije ce y HCKOuaHyjaMy 11 iioKpaje 36Maom 
TaKo, ,\a ii.; n>e BHpe 2 3 nynoAKa (r.i. 20—22), 

na Ka,i «v na ,\v.\\ m\,\ 36MA01I pauinij \ ;kii.i<\ on r i,a 





• ,il»\ rt'.'.MMc c.i. 23. .I'..;;i Apyre di. 24. Aosa Apyr©] 
naioseitaHa ha- 3«Me, Kojajenoao»e-3HMe, sojaje upon;;-' 

■i if if KBO BTO DOiaayje n.uu hi m ini . Kim iiito nr.viiii na ii.i'iiiii, i;;k> 

<m. nosasyje ca. 21 A. DTonosa3yjecj.21B. 



.".in «»i. uaJKe. ,l,.-i ce caBHJeBH aeo Be 6a BSBaAHo 

Ml.*-. ii|»HTi',|)i.n 66 :.i 36M&J paKAaCTHM i.-o'liil.cM. 
I'ii.:\lin»;i; ( ii:;ui.i' lia OBaj na'lllll itpilllt (56 .HT<>pa<Tll\ia 

.1'tm. a rpanaua h orpanuHMH ejecoHH, srmb h y npo- 

.H'l.f. a c;im ii;i MINI llo.i.rca ii je 38 BHHOBJ J103J, .1hi;\. 
CMOKBJ, ol'po;. piioii:;.l) ll llpllll ,l,},l. ttofl UHH0B6 A036 

8* 



] 1 (i BO'RKE H BORE 



Moase ce h3bccth y cao6oj\,e (ci. 20), y caKCHJaiia 
(ci. 21) h y KOTapnuaMa, KomeBHMa (cji. 24). 

Henrro je ApyK*mJH KuuecKu uauuu pa3MHoata- 
Baita no.iOMHHaMa. Tpane ce h orpaHnn caBHJy h no- 
jiome y jaMy Ay6oKy 5 — 10 cm., h yTBp^e paKiLacTHM 
ApBeteM, na ce, Ka^ noTepajy M^a^apn h oa H3pacTy 
3a 10 cm., 3arpHy 3eM^0M 3a 8 — 10 cm., 4a H3 h>hx 
H36njy MEAe (cji. 25). Ha^OBaj je Ha^HH b^ao .laKO 

pa3MH03tHTH Orp03. 

Koa BonaKa, H3 wjhx eoaokeee,&>)xieaq Tenmo 
H3()HJajy, /i,o6po je, ^a ce ^eo, kojh he 6hth ho/i, 3eMjtoM, 




&a. 25. KHiiecKii na?Hii pasMHoasaBaKa noaosHHijaMa. 

niTO 60 Ae crerHe mu,om, eae j\a ce c H>era ckhh6 Kopa 
y oCMHKy npcTeHa (cji. 26 B) eae j\sl ce napaitaBH, 
yceqe (cji. 27 C). 

Pa3MHO0fcaeaibe us^anu/UMa. H3AaHnH, kojh H3- 
6njajy y 6./lh3hhh KaKBe BotiKe, Hecro ce Ba^e H3 3eM.&e 
ca cbojhm atH^iaMa, na ce 3aTHM ca^e Ha cra/iHO Mearo, 
aKO cy aoboaho jaiiH, h^ih y pacTH/io, 4a y OBOMe oja- 
najy, na Ten oH^a na CTajino mccto. Ha^mn je OBaj 
napoHHTO Ao6ap 3a Majiniie, Kynnne, xojiaHflCKy ja(5yKy 
h neTpoBany ja6yKy, a y nac ce, na atajiocx, y bcmko 
ynorpe^aBa e 3a pasMnoaiaBaite iii/tuBa. IILtHBe, Ha 



A A II II K 



II? 



ob&j na'iini pa3MH(MK6He, He caMO m cy BpjlO Kparaor 
Besa ii &a j>al)ajy dome, Befc h.m j< i 11 upyna Bp.10 ne- 
npaBii.nia, a dito je r.iamio, 11 cane Tpome MHory CHary 
11a repaiLe ii3 r uiHaKa. 3aTO je Hajdo.^e nubHBy npona- 

111 ii3 ceieHa, na je 3aTHM HaBpHyTH m&eHOM copioM. 

O^eJban sa upuepeMeno pacafyueawe (aum- 

ptme). OB r i,e ce y hckom pacTojaity pacafyyjy hah 3e- 

.LacTe, &UUM Bp.10 M.ia.v ,uiR-T>aKe, &a 6h ce Ha BeteM 

»jaH>y, npo- 
dopy, MOMe 60- 
.Le pa3BHTH (a y 
hcto Bpeiie h pa3- 
peAHTH MAaAHne y 
ceMeHHinTy), hah 
ce Ha % paca^y- 
jy jeAHoroAHffliLe 
hah ABoro r i,HniH,e 
M.ia.ume, ^a 6% 
ojaiue. H 3e^a- 
de h OBe MJia^H- 
ue raje ce OB^e 

' i: AOGpo v iio.k>;kiihh;i, B iipcTenacTii BaC6H 

Il»' oja'iajv, Iia Ce ^ paKAacro ApBO, KO.je ce yi:oTpe6.L:u:;i y 

J> , . cjiyiujy, k;i,i ce iio^ojKHHua lie Be3yje, n aso 

3aTHM npecafyyjy ,-, H ce b3bhj6hb ago aoAHaao. 

aCTHAO. 

Aeje ce rpaAe hah nopeA Aeja na KOJHMa ce ceje 

ii.ui iiojM'.i, crasa rj. na ouacueaHUMa (pa6a r raMa). M 

1110M ii y Apyroi wyqajy Tpetfa npraasiTH, Aa 

je obo mccto koahko to.hu;- bhh, jep mia^me 

saopeATJ] nomgdoAe. Ory^a je Haj(5o&e, meo je 

Yo,v.i.ai; v &U8HH] HHCKHJ hoI.;ii,*;i, i;p;i,\i.viiia. 

11 Bolapi t luii'.t'V'iiux pasjiora npeca^yjy ,\\w>- 
o.vm.ix j pacnuo, asueljj peAOBa, na k;m \ aeiij 




18 



P.OUKE II BO HE 



o^BpKHy, itito 6iBa noc/ie 1—2 ro,pHe ? 0H,i,a hx Ba^e n 
iipecal>yjy na ct&aho mbcto. 3a, OBaKaB ce paA ne nose pekH 
Aa je aow, ayiM je Mnaj; do.i.e, a& ce npHBpeMeiio paca- 
fyiiBair>e Mjia r i,nna BpniH Ha 3ace6iraM .lejaMa, jep ce Ta^a 

H J0y\HHM H APy?HM BOtiKRMa MOJEG YKa3aTM n0.1,!l Hem. 

Ilpe Hero iiito ce aeje iiaHHHe, Ba&a seMJty H3pn- 
Mrm HaJMan>e 3a 40 cm. ay^oko n ypa v pTH je iiito fio.i.e. 
Ako 3eM.i. a BHJe TaKO A0(5pa, OHAa je Ba.La it no^ydpiiTH. 

Ilpe npecafyn- 
Baita Ba,La Ha 
u.ia,i,HHaMa eitpa- 

THTH CpJKHyHU1.1V 

aa '/ 2 -7 3 ay- 
•iKiiiie. TaKO Aa 3a- 
orra.w AGO iiedy- 
Ae Beta oa S — 9 
cm., a crao.io He 
Tpe6a ope3HBaTH. 
3aTHM rpetfa iia 
CBaKOJ .iejn no- 
ByliH peAOBe y 
pacTOJa&j sa 10 

Ca. 27. A iio.ioH.'Hiiii.a, rtojaje saceieHa koa »q Jg gj^ jj ;J y 

ce raso n ia*e waH. OBe yca.nrrn m,i;i- 

Anue, imehii up 11 
tom, Aa tf 0He JGAHa oa Apyre (SyAy hcto to-iuko \,i,;i- 
ji>eue Kao h pe/i, oa pe r i,a, na hx h OHAa iiito 6om 
muutw. 

Ako y ceMeHHnrry m\a, Cviadnx M^aAHi^a oa jatfysa 
h KpymaKa, oiiAa je Ao6po, j\n ce y Aoria KaA naBpuie 
roARHy A^wa HCKOiiajy, na saTHM c lipoma npHBpe- 
MeHO upecaAe a reir Apyre roAwne y pacraao, jep TaAa 
n jeAHe h Apyre M.iaAi4ne, a Hapo^HTO KpyniKOBe, j\,o- 




P A C A J[ II n K 119 



oiiBajy .v>i t;i u ,\ouj)iix ;i;ii.ia. KpymKOBe je^HoroAnniH>e 
M.ia.ume peTEQ lory TaKO ojawaTii n TOAHKO '.Kii.ia flO- 
«">iitii. sao jQAHoroAimfte jatfyKC, re nx je aaio Bp^io 
noTpeoiM nprapeiteHO npeca^roaTH h oB/je Apsara mii- 
Tiii'.y roAMHy, na res o\i,\n npeneTH y pacmio. 

CHaxHe M.ia/uiue oa jaOyua y ceieHiinTy Mory co 
inuiiiH. a fta ee npiiBpe.MeHO He npeca^yjy, ano ce no 
naBjinit v n:y roAHHe cKpaie B3HaA 36M.ie. TaKO Lo ce 
louiini .ieii M.ia,\ap, iu r vinaK, na ke h jKH-ia 6hth y 
isotfuy, ,ia m c Tora lory OA*ax npecaAira y pacm/io. 

Koiirryuime ce o6h i iho npHBpeMeHO He npecafyyjy 
Belt ce Apyrora npojieba, mum npeBayie jipaseBH, ra.v 
y pacTJMO. II 0B,i,e ce npn npecal^HBaay ne opeayjo 
.•T.-iu.iu nel ra.Mo cpJMa aiHjia, a e/rafoo ce ope3yje caMO 

ii.i.iina. j! to aso cy ^eTopacra Kpat^aBH, h^ii asd 
je w6ao KpiiBo. 

II|iri;i» .ie r ra Tpe6a yK^OHHTH KopoB, 3eM^y *ieinU 
npaiiiimi h :',a.iHBaTH. 

M.ia,uiue, Koje he ce c np<Meha npeca^HTH y pa- 
6thjio, Tj»eua HCKonara H3 somao joni c jeceHH, copTH- 
|i;ith nx do iwMii'iiiiiii. na ex 8aTO Her^e yipamiTH 
ii iy mvi'mith ,i<» npojieba. Tpaiiirni ce mojro jmh y cao- 
M'.,i.ii ii.in y noApyMy; a upnm ce npocTo: itaa hm ce 

SHJie QOKpijj 36M&01 HJ1H BJiaJKHHM IICCKOM. 

CjeceraoBaj paA rpeda ypa^HTu, napowTO ap 

66 DpOKO 3IM6 B6JJ B3B6CTH TaKO 3MH0 3UMCK0 upu- 

cafaecme mmauW) &oje n m mj \ aobo&ho ii Aotipo pas- 

BIJ6HH ;kh.i;i. 

Si Konajy M.ui.uinr na Jieja na rojhim 
ejano i;<»l,ii,<' cone, na 66 oho, Koje ce Mory npe- 

<-;i linn OAMax y paCTIUO, n ::. l. f.;i.j :i.j > ii;i n\r,\\\\ 0,1, oiin.x. 
K0J6 k6 66 [lpHBpeH6H0 ii|»<m-;i y\y\\\ (imi;ii|i;iTiij. 



120 BOUKE TI BOUE 



IIpc Hero am ce M.aaAHue yrpane, Ba^a hm ho- 
Mn,aAia CKpaTMTM cpjitiiy auMy hguito m&ao, a upaBO 
CKpaiiHBaite M^BpiiiHTH npeA caMO npecai?HBaH>e, jxvlkav 
y npo./iehe, ca pa3^iora kojh je HaBe^eH koa ope3HBan>a 
MJiavPHa, Koje ce caAe y pacTH^o. 

2. PacTH^io, To je HajBekit, a c thai h HaJMaB- 
hhjh oftejbMi y paca^HHEy. Oba6 ce AwaAHHe npecafyyjy 
H3 ceMeHHiB/ra y Haiepn, ^a ce r ry Heryjy, 40K^ie roA 
tojmko He ojanajy, ^a ce Mory npeca/i.HTH Ha CTa^iHO 
MecTO. Ha obom o^e^Ky Bpinn ce npHca^HBaae Botana 
Koje ce H3pa^ajy (H3Aieliy), a 17 ce ca^e h OHe bohkc, 
y kojhx je H3BpnieHO 3hmcko npnca^HBaH>e. IIpeMa TOAie, 
Kaoa je BpcTa BokaKa, tj. ^a m ce pa3BHJa (jpate 
hjih cnopnje, Ha obom ce o^e^Ky raje 04 2 — 6 roAHHa. 

3a pacTH^o bras H3a6paTH npncojaH no^osKaj. 
MecTa, r^e B^ia^ajy jaKH bctpobh h r/j,e je HaAAiopcKa 
BHCHHa Beta oa 750 m., Hncy Ao6pa 3a pacm/io. Y pa- 
CTH^iy, Koje je H3Aiel>y BetiHX rpa^eBHHa h y 3aK./iOH>eHOM 
no^ioatajy, r^e je odn^HO h 36iM>a CHaama, Awa^e BOhKe 
nanpeAyjy ^V A0 ^yjno, a.iH KaA ce 3aTHM npeca^e Ha 
MecTO, r^e je OTBopeH no./ioataj 7 He Aiory ycneBaxn KaKO 
BayBa, AP B <> He MOffie ^a ce 3ApBeHH oko r rpe6a h 3aTO 
CTpa^ajy oa Aipa3eBa. 

H 3aceH>eHH no^oatajn, mip. rAe je x^aA oa bh- 
coKora Apseta hta., Hncy j\o6^n 3a pacm/io, jep ce y 
BotaKa c obhai no^oatajeAi jaB^ajy AOii,HHJe HCTe He3roAe 
Kao h y BOhaKa ca 3aK.aoH>eHHX no.aoaiaja, a oceAi Tora 
n o^eae, Koje ce noHajqemhe paAH y pacmiy, He ncnaAa 
TaKO hobo^bho. Ilpeca^eHa boho, ca OBanor no^oataja 
y OTBopenn, H3^aate ce Amoro cyHHaHOJ npnneHH n Ba3- 
Ayxy, na hm 3aT0 Kopa, Koja je npe Tora 6n.ia my- 
nyLHKaBa (nopo3iia), 6yAe amiaBa, ocymn ce h iiaBy^e 
^HHiajHAia. 



p a c a n it ii k 121 



\\<\,\ JO paCTHJiO ItSJIOXeHO jaKIIM BOTpOBMa, OHAa 

Botjce pacry cnopo ■ Tpetfa hi HHoro npirraKa. y bh- 
i noAasajmia crpa^ajj o,\ sine npncaAH MHornx 
;i. a y 40Aana bj Botee ii3.io;KeHe pamiM n iio3hhm 
■pa36BHxa; sapouTO Kajcuje naie oa paKa, HaB.ia i ie 
ce naxoBiHOi n .iHiuaJHMa h nncy Tano Aypaiirae, Kao 
K&A je pacmio y paBHnp. 

PaonLio H6 i|M'ua ^a je hii na crpMHM seM&aMa, 
jep ce ob,v3 3eiijLa Tenmo odpafyyje, a khiuom ce join 
h cniipa y iioahosJ6; a lmje Ao6po Aa je hh TaMO, vflfi 
ry'ia (rpaa) Memfie na v i,a h r^e cy i iecTe nonjiaBe. KaA 
je HarH6 npejia ceBepy, BokKe ce ouh^jho HaB^aqe 11a- 

XOBIHOM. 

Hajtio.te je, kra je pacTH.10 y paBHHUH hah Ha 
faaroii Harndy, oa je y 6jih3hhh boac h 3ajeAHO ca 
ceMeHiimrt'M. 

3eMAa 3a pacTH.10 Ba.i>a Aa je poAna, Aa je ay- 
sajia&e 80 en. h a* Heaia mjbyHKa h KpynHor 

K;lMi'H,a. .v k<mhko y SQilJbH HMa BHIUe XpaHHBHX Ma- 

Tepiga 1 y koaiko je no cacraBy jeAHOBpcHnja, y to- 
aoo je raSBy 8ei&y Aon,HHJe ^aKine 11 6o^e o6pa^n- 
i;ai 11. a c THiie je noBOAHHJa h uoroA^a, Aa BoLice 6yAy 
csaue 11 »ApaB6. EtaasHe BexAe, h 3eju>e y KoJHiia 
iii.i.yiura 1 m&a, racy HHKauo 3roAHe 3a pacTH^o, 
jep na nun Bex&axa aoLse na-re oa pao, ne pacrj 

IIpaBH.lllo II liaityiry 66 laXOBHHOK j a aKO je 3ApaBMII ( a 

aenponycTAHBa, OHAa join e sue npe-me y Tpyjben>e, 
Aj»i;<» je Bime mat mynAmtaBO, aa ce wuto n< i kwm 

ii|H)ini',iiin M|.a::ci',u.Ma n ii|>niii'i;;iMa. ot'M.i.a, K0J8 j<> 
(JOEO ycnrihciia, OAAHKyje Ce OCOtflHOtf, 

la ilf.iiMa ii ;;;i.i.f);i:ai;;i ii.iary n Toil. lory ; y Tainty ::c.m.i.y 

ii|MM,iif,r .i;ii;.» ii koJB J6 "i BMBKOra .'.iiaunja, 

DOpaCI I'.oI.;ii;;i. itrh n ;:a iK.Tiiyiilijc |>a::- 



122 ftofvKE ii boUe 



BHJaite ibhxobhx atiwa. HanpoTHB, y 30mah, Koja Hnje 
odpatjena liao 'iiito Tpetfa, boiikc Bp.10 x iecTO na're oa 
cyme, a m anwe hm ce pa3BHjajy .lome m HMa mx 

AOBO./BHO. 

3aTO, ,/i.a ce npoHSBe^y ^ene h 3ApaBe Bote, ca 
iiito BHine Ba^aeux auMa, noTpeCwo je 4a ce seM.i.a 
npe capita BohaKa bito 6oJb$ H3pH.i»a (pnro.iyje), tj. 
Aa ce otfpaAH AY^oko, h to 3a je/i,Horo/i,Huifi,e h ppo- 
roAHniH,e npHca^e 50 — 60 cm., a 3a ocrajie BoiiKe, 
KOJHMa ce OB^e h q6aek AOTepyje b Koje lie ocTaTM 
BHBie oa 2 roAHHe, 70—80 cm. PH^aH>eM ce 3eM;i>a 

TpOIUH, H AOH>H CJIOJ 3eM^e H3HOCH TOpe, TJ. H3Aa»G 

yTHiiajy Ba3Ayxa, cbc'moctb h toil/loto, na y TaEBy 
36M^y JEH.ie flj6jbe npoAHpy, a^ko ce cHaatirojc pas- 
BMJajy h BokKe cy 3ApaBe h 6yJHora pacTa. 

PnAaTH je Baj6oibe c jeceBH, w 6k ce seifjba 
npeKO 3HMe WMomnAa, yrnnajy Mpa3a, h TaKO ce nrro 
6o^e ycHTHB./ia, h to KaA je seM&a ocyB^a; jep airo 
je iuaatHa, OB^a je BeBOTnyB yTHijaj npa3a, tj. h noa/ie 
inera Birijajy ce y pacroy Belie eau MaH>e rpyABe. A./M, 
aKo je 3eMAa TpoinHa ear aKO je Kpe^ma, OH^a ce Moate 
psij.aTH e paHO c npo^eta, caMO Tpe6a Bpnna3HTB, &a 
ce r raj paA ibto ripe AOBpnm, a& ce 3eM^a ao cajjeaa 
AOboaho 0/ierHe. 

IIpeMa TOMe, KaKBa je 3eM^a, e pH^aae mo^c 
(jbtb pa3./iiraio. TaKO, aKO je 3eM&a MokBa, tj. aKO 
oj»aHBii,a ca 3ApaBHu,0M *ihbh Ay6oii aioj, OBAa Tpetfa 
npii pn^afty yAecHTH TaKO, a& ce ropn,H cioj H3 jeAHor 
japKa 6an,a y aob>h cioj Apyror japKa, a a,oe>e caoj 
Aa (iyAe ropitn caoj y CBHMa japnniia. A^h, aKO je 
sejfjka iMHTKa, tj. aKO nnje Aytf&a oa 15 cm., OBAa 
je (>0Ae a^ ce ne pn^ta hoaeuo je pewBO Beii kojibko 
ce Moate, na 3aTHM, a^ ce 11a ay BaHece caoj 3eM^e, 



!■ a C a ,i ii ii i; 



123 



Koju 6m nn<» tffoo aaJMaae 3a 15 cm. Tjiko te boKkg 
iraoro 6oa€ sanpeAOBaTH, aero \;i\,\ 6n ce HenoAecHa 

.awu.a KflkfKQ pn.i.a.ia. 

K<»Ma.i. i inja miipiiiia Hiije Beta 0,1, 50 iteTapa, 
lose 66 pn.i.ani. a ,\n ce He ,umii y pa MB BHffle 

• vV'.ImIK';). T;i.vi T|»<'ua iinjiipc 'raj KOMaA iio.yMHTil y 

Aeje 60 ( .h> cm. imipoKe, 11a OHAa CBaKy pii.iMvni »a 

ce 11a iioM»'nyni 

nauiiH 11 ,v» pe- ~2J i 

qeHe .lyuniif. \ 

&IO jo in 11 puna 

KuMa.ia Beta OA 

50 HOTapa, r.a.i.n 

pa hoacjiith iiaj- 

Maif.t' v i,!;;i ir.ui 
i.M. 28 A ii B), 

n t;i.i,;i 11.: Jieje C 
naiuiTH ::«'\i.i,v KOA 

D, 8a aeje E j 

japai; C 11 THRO 

iii.i.t' pa,unn. AOK 

ce se ispua ne- 

.l;i •Tp;ui;i. ll;i ;;;i- 
TIIM ,1.pviv |[ 

r.niiy ornowni c 

npoTHBHe crpuHe, 

»>i aeje r. .a'M.i.oM n:» re Jieje, 

m.iii.i koa (i - nonyHHTH japas II, 



e 


K 


E 




* 


n 


A 


D 














H 


F 






28. I'll laii.c .:i'M.i,<> y |);ii:iiiiii,n ii.m na 
u.i;nii\i ii;ii iioinia. 



pH.i.;ui,a re CTpane, bcmaoi 



eoja ce npiiupruriio 
a iipn saBpmeTEy 
KOA I* noil \ if n in japaK K. 



AKO DH C6 IlplI.lllKoM pn.l,;ill,;i \l<»p;i.1;i B3HOCHTH 
Ha H<»i'.plliMH\ 0C6TH0 .umiiija ::e\i.i.;i. <>ii,i,;i je Miioro 

5oao, i;i ce pa senAa npBe roArae saceje i;;h.t.h\i pa- 
rapcixii veeBOMj kojb 6b ce soaoboaho tom 36maom. oa 



u 



nOUKE II BOUE 



^a co T6K nocie ca^e BoliKe. Hpn^HKOM pHibaita Tpe6a 



K 






75 ™ 






> 


< Z52 m 

* 630am 

3 

V 


















«? 380-5 oiw 

a 












c. 

1 














55 


lie 




























V 







Ci. 29. HoBpniHiia oa 1 xeKTapa 3a paca,\uiiK. 

yEJiaitaTH nopoB, uapo^HTO nnpeBHiiy. 



P A C A A H 11 K 125 



Iumhko te 6hth pacTH.10, 3aBHCH oa KO^nqHHe 
BokaKa Koja ce &vak hpoh3boahth roAnnrae ; a ^a 611 
ce y sanpeA 3iia.io, KO.iHKa Tpe6a #i je noBpinHHa pa- 
iiii.ia. npeya OApefyeHOM 6pojy BoLiKa, kojh ce atejin 
npoi3BOAHTi, y3HMa ce, a* 1 jwa 

oa bhcokhx BohaKa sanpeMa roAHnme 31*5 n am., a 

„ HHCKI1X „ „ „ 22*5 „ „ 

Te npoMa tomg je amlo H3pa*iyHaTH h Be.iH*iHHy pacTH^a, 
\iti r \ ce fipoj BoLiKa homhojkh obhm 6pojeBHMa h dpojeM 
roAHHa, 3a koahko Le ce BoLice ap^th y pacrBLiy. Hy 
nope^ OBe noBpmHHe, Tpetfa &a je y pacra^y h hckh 
Aeo 3& raje&e yceBa, a& 6h ce TaKO aeM&a, ca Koje 
66 Ba^e Bofate sa Aa&e rajen>e h npecal}HBaH>e Ha CTa^iHO 
MecTO, Mor.ia OApffiaBara RenpecTaHO y nyHOJ CHasn. 

Tlpejia TOMe Ha noBpnniHH oa 1 xeKTapa, Kao hito 
ro noKaayje naupT sa ci. 29, Moaceiio y3eTn: 

1. 3a ceMeiiHiirre, rAe cna^ajy h npnopHnne h 
• a.'.i.ai; 3a npHBpeiieiio paca^HBaae M-iaAHua oa npn- 
.nii;e 487-50 D 3i. 

2. :ia komhoct HApyre 

iim] |Mi6e 66*50dm. = 554-OOdm. 

S. .',a npOH3BOAH>y 2000 BHCOKHX B0- 

hai.-a i(M,miiii.e, KOJe be ocraiH y pacmay 

6 roAHiia (2000 X 31-5 X 6) • • • 3780*00 Dm. 

4. sa npoi3BOAH>y 1700 iiuckhx bo- 
li;n;a nuinmi.c. EOJe lit' oi-raTH 3 roAHiie 

| jia.-rii.iy (1700 x 22-5 X 3) • • • 1147-50DM. 

5. 38 .i.i'.nroAniiiii.c I'ajcif.e yceBa na 
36XA iiiiitv C KOJer CJ B6KOnaH6 M^'iAMHe 

Ha iv\iriiMiiiT;i (487-5 X 2) 975.00dm* 

<>. .:,i TporoAHfflfte injcii.r yceBa Ha 3en- 
.l.iinny c itojer je BCKOiiauo : 



126 



TJOTvKE II BCRE 



a) BieoKO Bote (2000 X 31*5 X 2) 1890.00dm. 
6) hhcko Bote (1700x22-5 X3) 1147-50 dm. 

7. sa abji nyra (126 X 2 m.) - • 50tv00 m. 

CBera 10.000-00 dm. 

Ha HCKycTBa ana ce, &a oa nocafyenor opoja bo- 
basa y pacmiy npomiAHO oa npiUHKe '/ 5 , te ;ja r ro 
npn OAP^HBaBy noTpediie KOAiraiHe koKhkm, Koja te 
ce roAHmH>e npoH3BOAHTH, Tpeoa HMaTH hobo na \m\. 

4,a BoKKe y paariuy i octu,ihm oae&ipnjia y pa- 
caAHMKy He 6h nrreTHjiif 3e^eBH h croKa, no'rpeoiio ra 




■ 



Cj. 30. Orp.-uu 04 name. 



je, HouiTo My ce oApeAH B&UTOHa, hito 6o&e orpa- 
Ahtii. Orpa^a Moate ohtji 0,1, aacaKa, .leTaBa, iipoiiiha, 
oiMe'reiia oa npyta h 64 awraie (<\i. 30), a hocbo jo 
Aoopa h atHBa orpa^a oa r.iora. r.i<unmije, iaMJe, 
AyAa, maiwiype \v\\\. 

Ofl Tora. ^a -in je seif&a y pacTHAy ihto 6om 
onpafymia, saBHCR 11 into 60. 1.0 HanpoAOBaif»e Bohai.'a. !ia,i, 
co 30M.i.a ii3))n.i.a. oiiAa je Tpetia wto rio.1,0 ypaBHHTH 
(^njiaHBpaTH*). 



P A C A ;i II 11 K 



I-:? 



3a pn.i.nii.t' ce \ mrrpen.baiuijy amoBH ,\yra,«n.'ii 
20 25 cm. TaKO je, k&a ce atedfl pu,i>a ru y ayoiihii 
(>l 40 — 50 cm., Japan roTOB oa pa aiiiomi Ay- 
uiiH)': a aso mi 60- 75 cm., OH^a oa rpn aniOBa 111,1. 
TaKBO .u'M.i.iiiirn' Tpetfa iiotom «iiicthtii 04 ttopoBa 11 
iipamiiTii pa. 3a irj>ameH,e ce ynoTpetf&aBa comma mo- 
riiKa: a join tfo&eje, aso ce intajy mothkb sao na <\i. 81, 
jep ce ii.inia Mose aeno gaKa oko CBase hoKkc, a ^a 

;ohi:a 1111 Ma.io ne noBpeAH. 

Ako je 30M&a y pa- 

i-Tii.iy.i'»<l|»a 11 CHaXHa, ////- 

>'[»}(» seMJx nose ii30 : 

cthte; a. hi ano je Aonugnx 

;iiia. oii.hi je Tpcda 11 
ii'»j,\Mjnrni. 'ftyfipir ce y 
cbmo ftotia : iniai.*, 6(M>e 
je \iw\ M byojin y ,ioua 
«U H0B6M((pa ,V» anpH.ia. 

aero y ,v ,r »a oa Maja &o 
rfpa . jep ce ikmmc 

.K'Tii.tM i,yfiprn.a jaiu.ajy 
KOpOBH \ iHOrO Betoj Mc- 
pll . Hero BOA I;Vujmmi,;i 
DpOKO 3MM6. 

Jl.;\|»'i,\ CBHX BpOTa IjVoprra maTpa <t \\\ je iinjoo.l.c 

CTajcKO (>y<Jpe sa hyopcii.c warn y pacnwy, c iora urro 
je serosa raara AyroTpaJHa, a npii ron je 11 BpaojeB- 
Tiniu. 3a reniKe ;♦• \i.i.»* Tpe(ia ynorpetfirrB Aotfpo arope.io 

R0&6K0, CBH&CKO II K03J6 t>y(Spe, iKniciliailo C n>l'.H,HM. 




Oi. 31. 
HOTHka. 



jeAHonepa H3AyoeHa 
ooipiiiii ABpnepa mo- 
THita. 



ieM4»e i;pai!.i.i' i! (ii'.'ijc. UMeca 

1 



OA 



li'uH.- 



cKora \fl(\ . rone^ora t;y(5peTa n ' t oirajflra l>y- 

tfpera n ueniTo IjytfpeTa oa nepHaTe shbehc pauyua 

HOAeCHO je 3a CB« BpCT8 .;<'M;i.i,;i ; 



1*28 BOUKE H BOTvE 



itHMe HHJe noTpe6HO fyydpHTH 3eM^,y CBaKe ro^rae, Ben 
CBaKe ipeke, HapaBHO aKO ce He Jjytfpi nocBe niTe^LHBO. 

CBeate CTajciio t-y6pe Hnje A<>6po 3a BotiKe; oho 
Mopa ^eataTH Ha ^y^paniTy HaJMaite 3 / 4 ro^Hne, h && 
ce Ha OBOMe oj\ BpeMeHa Ha Bpene npeBpke h aaaxH. 

HeKH Be^e, j\,a CTajcKO l?y6pe y^n MJiaAHM boh- 
KaMa. To TBp^e ohh, kojh caMO y MHOiHMa npoH3BOAe 
BotKe h Boke, jep ce y CTBapn Ta niTeTa HHje noKa- 
3a.ia HHr/^e, r/i,e ce fyy6pH.io obmm fyydpeTOM oho^lhko, 
ko.ihko je noTpe^HO. „CBe hito je cyBHnmo, He Ba^a", 
TaKO ce o6hiho Be^H, na to hcto BpeAH h KaA ce Bonne 
^y6pe lie cairo obhm, Ben h CBaK&M r ^pyrHM ^ytfpeTOM. 
CUoj CTajcKora i)y(jpeia oa 10 cm. He Moate MJiaAiu 
BOHKaMa y pacTH^y inmaA h hhhhm y^HTH. 

IIpBO l>y6peH>e no pH;T>ait>y Bpmn ce y npo^eke; 
npn tomg ce na3H, ^a ce ty6pe H3Hece, j\ok a>ia join 
MpaseBa, h a& ce 3eM^0M noKpnje, hhm ce OBa cieme, 
a HaJAa^e j\o Kpaja iiapTa. r J&y6peH>e c jecenn h.ih npeiio 
3HMe Tpe6a H3BpniHTH hito paunje, aok HMa BJiare, KaKO 
6h ce xpaHHBe Mai-epirje ncn^aKajie h oahoch^6 y 3eio>y; 
a aKO ce l>y6pH Kacno, OBe Ma'repnje ocTaHy Ha noBp- 
hihhh smjie, na hx KopoB, na HiTeTy BoLaKa, yno'rpedn 
Ha CBOje pa3BHjaii>e. 

HncKe BotiKe (Kpauynra) ne nynrrajy Ay^ouo CBOje 
keaq y seM&y, Rao bhcokc bohkc, na je saio, &a 6h 
hito 6ojbe naupeAOBa^e, h Aa on ce koa h>hx H3a3Bao 
iuto Benn 6poj KopenoBnx j\a3lk^, no'rpedHO 3ejL&y uito 
6o£,e ^yopnTH. TpaAHiie ce CBanaA Haj6o^,e i>y6pe, ua 
ce saio OBe bohkc h paAHJe raje y rpaAHiiaMa ho y 
pacTH^iy. 

TIoibto ce oapetjeHa wu.i.a 3a pacmao orpa^H, 
npepo&a, noljyffpn it ouhcth oa Kopora, Tpetfa je no- 
AC/mth y QftbJbm, kojh Aiory 6wm BeiiH h.ih MaitH, nrro 



P A C A { II II K 129 

a&BHCH o.i lk'.uminfe n otfdHKa pacra/ia, a oa copai'a h 
iHj.iiiica. Koji mi ce ;Kt'.iu ,vitii. IIpii tom Tpeoa na3HTH, 
M na jeAQOM o^e.hK-y He tfy^y pasAipme Bpcre BoKaKa, 
na una BHine mi pa;!iin ofi.inim BOhaKa, Beh CBaKa 
BpcTa :;a ce6e. jep ce raKO nose CBaKa BotiKa h naj- 
6o&e HeroHam. HapaBHO, y mimim je pacTHjinma obo 
Tomiio H3B6CTH, ii Miw oB^e uory 6hth je^He Bpcre 
Bohaiia n jeAHOBpCHfl oo.iimu 6ap y 3ace<SHHM peAOBima. 

Iia.i ce npeMa OBOJie o^peAH Be.iHHHHa OAe.Lao 
(„KBaprapa"), OH^a te y upaeny HaJBeke Ay^se pa- 
• Tii.ia ii npeMa AyxHHfl 11 ihhphhh najseiier oAe.LKa 
(„KBapnpa a ) vBinnpa, OAMepa a miHHHH je^aH h.im 
ABa r.iaHiia nvra (ci. 29). ' illnpiiHa r.iaBHHX ny- 
reBa T|>i'o,i i,a jo 1*7 — 2*6 m. npeMa TOMe j\& ar he 
ry iij»o.ia:3iriTi n Touapiia no.ia (Hnp. c fyydpeTOM wrj\.) 
ii. in nek. Ilnai;. rBaiuU Tpeoa ttaSHTH, A& MaBHH ny- 
tim'.ii no lorytcTBy oyay nrro imipn, jep ohm ciyate 
10' eaxo 38 .laKimi raoopahaj, Beh Jl 3a .laKHIH npe- 
r.i«M, pacrn.ia . pa^HHKa iita. Y BetiHM pacTOHMa, 

i "Bom nvT;i (jejHOr hjih abm), npoceua ce hcto 

T0J1HK0 DfflpOK II. Ill IIOIMTo Y/KII IMaBHH nyT H 110 1IIII- 
pHHH paCTJl.ia (OBOra S6M8 iia lia ue.M HaimTV), IipiI U( l M\ 

w n;i.;ii. ,i.i ce njTeBH ceEj no,i, iipaiuiM yMOM ; jep 
ii.i raj ii.i'iim oflfiJbUR, koJh ce nyTeBHMa pa3#Bajajy, 
AoiSraajy npaB&iaH o6aek. Ako je Moryl.no, rpetfa h 

j<M,;ni n ,i.|»\ in iivt iijicyni iim.yiikom, raKO fl,& cpe- 
.Uina u\ if \.;i;uiii<Miiija : a ai;<> iinjc OH^a nx r.a.i.a t;ii;o 
MTU. li;i BecejaTH TpaBOM, imp. V rjHllllUVM. oi'.loM 
.i.«'T«'.iiiiio\i mi. 

1 Ilci.H in* pn.i.;ijy .:»-m i.hiiiti- n;i K0M6 be 6HTH DyT, AH 6ti 

:io into lif.lf. niio no< rojailHJll. To ,j«' il«»i jicllilio. IJol.i.c 
D0p04 ii\i;i imirrajv SHJe ii y <>ii<» .;cM.i.iiiiiir, n;i. ;n;<. inije \ |>;i- 
l,ni.> . ii'l.c « ■•■ m«»1i ii |.;i.;mij;rrii i;;in k;i,i. je CB6 

iiinr mh.k. apepHAaHo. 
i n ifii. i. 



30 



BO'RKE H BO 'RE 



Pacrojaite peAa oa pe^a y pacmiy Tpetfa Aa je 
80 cm. 3a CBe Bpci'o h o(mhk6 Bokaica, a ko.ihko he 
y pe^oBHMa 6hth pa3Aa.ieK0 boho oa BoiiKe 3aBHCH 
oa o(MHKa BoliKHHa h oa Tora, 3a Koje he Bpeaie ocTaTH 
Ha TOMe MecTy. 

Ako he ce BOhKe BaAHTH H3 pacTH.aa Kao jeAHO- 
roAHiuitH npHca^H h aKO je npn tom seM^a Ao6pa h 
ciiaatna, Moate hm ce a^h OACTojaae 3a 30 — 40 cm.; 
Ka/i, ce raje Kao bhcokc BOhKe, pacTojaae He Tpetfa 
Aa je Maite oa 40 — 50 cm.; a ano ce jeAHoroAHimtHM 
npHca^HMa ikqae ^ara o6^hk na.iMeia (uina^flpa), hh- 
paMHAa, KopAOHa hta., OHAa yAa^eite BOhKe oa BOhKe 
Tpe6a Aa je 3a 1 m. ./LenoTa pacmaa h .laKiue ca- 
Bjia^HBaae mhohix paAOBa 3aBHCH y MHoroMe oa Ba- 
AaHe noAe^ie h hito npaBH.iHHJer sacatjHBaita BoKaiai, 
na 3aT0 npn ocHHBaity pacraia Tpe6a obo yBen HMaTH 
Ha yMy. 

y ohhx AHB/baKa, y kojhx je H3BpnieH0 ope3HBan>e 
atn^a c jeceHH npiL/iHKOM HCKonaBan>a H3 3eM^e, Tpe6a 
Ha npo^iehe npe capita join jeAHOM, Kao hito je na- 
bcacho, ope3aTH keav ao Mecra rokaq je noTpe()HO. 
CaMO a,$6aq opaxa He Tpe6a ope3HBaTH, jep je H>eroBO 
ApBO myn^e; rpane nodoMHe Tpetfa yooHHTH, na h 
MttAe opesara Ha '/ 3 — l / 2 H>nxoBe Ay^ne, Kao h y 
ocTa^nx M^aAHu;a. 

Ca^eae M.iaAHH,a y pacmay r rpe6a h3bpuihth oa 
$e6pyapa ao anpfl.ia, h to hohito MHHy Hajjaqa npa3eBH; 
jep KaA ce caAH c jeceHH, OHAa hm 3KH.ie, 3a'ro hito cy 
He^KHe, Mory CTpa^aTH oa Mpa3eBa h nponacrH. Hy ano 
M./iaAHH,e HMajy Ayra^KHX suiS, ano hx HMa y H3o6H^>y 
h ano cy AOopo pa3BHJeHe; Kao hito je necTO c/iynaj y 
jtVUioroAHimi.HX upncaAa, OHAa hx Tpeoa caAHTH c je- 
ceiiH, na h npeKO 3hmc, Aooe BpeMe Aonynrra, tj. aok 



p h c \ a h ii k 131 

Ton.ioTa He cnaAHe Ha 0° IJ. h 3eM.s>a ce He hohhc 
Gipxft&B&TH ; jeceae ca^eae, ano cy OBaKe caAHHne, 
Tpe6a npeinocTaBHTH canity c npo.ieka. 

II«>ihto je 30MAa y pacmiy noAe-LeHa y oAe&Ke, 
KM mro je HanpeA noMeHyio, h KaA ce 3Ha, y kojoj 
Aa.uimi Ba.ta Aa cy peAOBH h juaAHua oa M.aa.pH.e, 
OH^a Tpe6a H3Bpm.HTH h cano caserne. 

,l,;i nn peAOBK, y Kojoia ke ce caAHTH, 6vlavi upaBH, 
h asl 6n ce 'sh&ao, Ha kojhm mecTHMa Tpe6a HcnoiiaTH 
junta 3a ca^eite, y3H*ia ce yate hae yn^eTeHa atHua, 
h na yseiy h.ui rap noiiaMenrrajy ce KaKBe 3HaHKe 
(na ymvry nepna, Apsna, a Ha atHHH jihm) h KaA ce 3aTHM 
3aTerny ii MecTHMH^HO yTBpAe paKAaaia, aKO je HOBeLa 
AJJCHHS, oii^a ce nopeA CBaKe 3HaqKe 3a6oAe ko^hL h 
Ha TOMe iiedy HCKona jaMflk JasraliH ce Konajy ear 
\a jaMyfiy : : hjih odnqHHJe na cases, tj. H3iielvy 



3a caijen>e noipedHa cy ABa paAHHKa. JeAaH amoBOM 
Kona jajmke, a Apyrn, kojh Moate 6hth h a^ko, na- 
Menna \i.ia,ume y HCKonaHe jaMnke, na, 3a™i, npBH oa- 
■ep&Bft, ,i<» Koje Ay^nne Ba.i>a Aa nocaAH MJiaAnnj, 36or 
qera h.ih AOAaje HeniTO 3eM^e ylahl H3 jaMnka OAy- 
Mua, ii y mro BpeMe nocniB.La atn^e y ihto BOAopaBHHJH 
HjiaHail,. ;i ApjTfl liarphc 36M&J, K0.1HK0 je TO IIOTpetfHO. 

66 68|AI y iipo.iehe, OHAa je no'rpedno, Aa ce 
J01D Ji d;ai:a M.iaAMUa ::a.iiij<\ iiapoqiiTO aKO je 3eMJba 
AMU n mia. irpii TOM T|m'u;i ii;i::htii, ,\a ce BOAa Iipo- 
nuia y ihto ja?6M M.ia.;y. re Aa ce oa 3CALi>e EVSSBM 
mi" Bete Miiyl.c, tj. Aa C6 j\da\\\i\i gfeMAHHfl ihto imme 
iifiif.MoV v.: ;kii.u\ na i;a.i. 66 TO n::r.|»iuii, oii,i,;i yniyro 

• iiunyiiiiTi! oiojiioi deujbon. Ha 6Ayiaj, &a ce 

Miaiuiir ii B0tK6 H6 «mi M0IU6 ,1,01:0.1, no .:;i. mm, .l.oopo 

i ce Kivie npe ca^e&a noTone j huty boa©, 



132 



BOHKE H BORE 



roBe^e da^ere h AoCpe (SaniTeHCKe 3eM.&e. H BOhKHue, 
Koje cy npnca^eHe npeico 3HMe, A<>6po je npe capita 

HaKBaCHTH OROM CMeCOM, H TO 110016, H0H1T0 HM C6 iKII.ie 

opeaty — CKpaTe. 

Ilpn caaiOM ca^eay Ba^ia na3HTH, ^a ce M.iaAnua 
He uoca^n j^6m, Hero je 6fl^ia y ceMeHHnrry, h je- 
Ahho y oiyqajy, aEO je 3eMjia necKOBHTa, jiaKa, Mory 
ce noca^HTH HaJBHme 3a 2 — 3 cm. aj6m, jep he ce 
y TaKOM oiynajy 3eM^ba 3a to^ihko oierHyTH. 

Ako ke ce pacm/io ynoTpedflTH 3a npoH3BOAH>y 
BOhaKa 3a BehH 6poj roAHHa, OH^a je Haj6oAe, /J,a ce 
oho join y noneTKy no^ecH TaKO, KaKO BOhKe jeAHe 
ncTe BpcTe Hene nenpecraHO A0.aa3HTH Ha jeAan h hcth 
o^e^aK, Ben ^a ce, nooie cBaieor HCKonaBajta BOhaKa, 
Ha Taj oAe.taK ycaAe BOhKe Apyre Bpcie. Men>aH>e oho 
upenopynyje ce H3 hcthx pa3^ora, H3 kojhx ce npe- 
uopynyje h n^iOAopeA y rajeay paTapcKnx yceBa h 
noBplia, a& 6h ce xpana H3 3eM./Be ihto 6o^.e yno- 
TpeoH^a e Aa 6a BOhKe h 6e3 MHorora ^ydpe^a Hiian 
Kao iuto r rpe6a HanpeAOBa^e. /I,a ce to nocTnrHe, upe- 
uopynyje ce, Aa ce OAeJbaK 3acaAH Hajnpe KpyuiKaMa, 
3aTHM, hohito ce OBC HCKonajy, jadyoia, ua OHAa mjbii- 
Basia, KajcnjaMa, dpecKBaMa h opacHMa, h Ha nocien.-y 
Tpem&aMa h BHumaMa. Hy npe Hero ce ho HCKona- 
Baay BOhaKa Taj OAe^aK 3acaAH hobhm BOhKana, no- 
Tpe6H0 je, Kao uito je HaBeAeHO, Aa ce 3eM.&a 3a 1 — 3 
roAHHe 3acejaBa KaKBHM paTapcKHM yceBHMa, napowro 
OKonaBHHaMa, h tom hph^ihkom hito jane l>y6pH, Aa ce 
Ha Taj HanHH hito 6o^be npHnpenn 3a ca^en,e hobhx 
BOhaKa. ^eTe^HHa ji ./lyuepKa ne cjiejy ce cejaTH, jep 
OBe 6HM(e jaKO 3eM^y Hsnypanajy ; \m H3Meljy peAOBa 
BOhaKa He Tpe6a raJHTH HHKaKaB yceB, jep ce thmc OAy- 
3HMa BOhKaia Miioro xpaHe. 



PACAflHHK 133 

PaHffje ce npaKTHKOBado, Aa ce one jiaaAHue, Koje 
l,o aocAyxiTfl &ao QOAAore bhcoehh Bolivia y pacmiy, 
AOTA6 iiervjy. aok ho r iomirHy noipeoHy Ae&BHHy n 
mirmiy. na ey T6K 'nua upecafciBaHe, u to y bhciihh 
i;|»ynt'. Pa&ior 5a TaKftB pa,; oho je Taj, ihto ce mh- 
c.iii.io fta jo r u'<1,io M.iaAHua MHoro Aypaimraje, H ah- 
MaH>e 'i-Tpa.ui oa ipaaeBa, Hero j\q6ao Koje 6h ce pa3- 
muo is npncaAa. A.in, oa ce Aouraje YBHAe^o, a& je 
nopaci M.ia r i,un;i koa HaJBekr 6poja amoro cia6HJii oa 
ii|»nca,i,,i. .ianiM. &a ee MA&wnfi jaKO rpaHajy, ^a HMajy 
,\<»<-t;i Tpn.a. #1 CJ HM .M.ia,i,apii ciaon H KpHBH, 3<Sor 
Mtia 66 Mopajy ncnpaB.taTM npHTKaHa, n ,\n y pac'roy 
vopajy npo6aBHTB HaJMaae 6 — 8 roAHim, na a** ce oa 
imix npoHSBOAe Botaa, Roja he 6hth noAecHa 3a cal^e na 
CTaABO lecro, — yaeTO je Kao npaBH.io: Aa ce vA&flfltifi, 

in- rni ii y noTpeoHy jammy, npeKpa r re H3HaA BpaTa 
i na tone MecTy iijmcaAe. Ha oBaj HaiHH Morynno je 
U'tlio BoKaKa AO()HJe nocBe npaBO n ^hcto, h 
Aa ce m»'i 'pefiiia jannna h BHCHHa BotiKHHa npoH3BeAe Beti 
B0CJ16 1 — 2 roAHne no npBca^HBaay. Hcth mmnH yiio- 
!|»pu.i,;ii:;i 66 ii koa uoAJiora 3a UpOH3BOAU>y hbckhx BoiaKa. 

,l,;i ce obo nornirne, ipotfa koa M.iaA0ua npBe 
P0AM6 yir.ian.nrit Cairo ir.AaHKe KOJH n:;onjajy u.j 36M&e, 
a APJW ro.uiiif CKpaTHTB ii. m a^o fto 36M,i>e (BpaTa), 

• I M.ia.vipii iino Hs6qy Ba^pataTB iiajdo.i.n n npH- 

ruAurn P8 na ii;ij.:r<»,i,iinju minim. JVLiaAHUe 88 npon.:- 
I'.M^t'H.r HHCKBX Uoliaiul Mory C6 If |)lir;i, 1,111'H (o'lHTI!) join 

npB€ roAMHe; i a& oh ce ojiaiunao paA, Tpetfa na 14 

.i,;uia Dpe o'lfii.a CKpaTHTB M.iaAMpi 1 . |i;i'iynaj\ hn 08^0 na 
BHBI6 na BICIH1 <>A 15 -20 CM. 

\I.i;i, in nr soje 66 ;i;»m<' apiea^HTB y EtpyHH, imp. 
i;uiiiT\nniir. rpe6a o-iimi na npHTaJHB ayno&aK, n to 
,i,j»\iv poAHHe no ca^eay. 



1 •] \ BOUKE II BO r RE 



Koa ohmx BoiiKHna, Koje cy npacaljHBa&e 3mmm, 
Tpeda yiuaitaTM CBe M3AaHKe, iuto cy h36h./im ws iioa- 
jiore, m to y Ao6a oa jwa^ap H3 npacaAa H3pacTe 3a 
6 — 10 cm., a c npncaAa OApemflTH Be3y, KaA ^ocTHrne 
BHCHHy 04 15 cm. Hy aKO cy H3AaHH,i 6yjHH, a npncaA 
je npn tom cia6 h cyM&HB, OH^a 03/j.aHKe caMo citp- 
h>hth, ear wdue\)j h.hx 3aApataTH HajjanH, ^a 6y^e Kao 
pesepBHa noMora. Ha c/iyqaj, a^ ce npnca/i, Hnje npnMHO, 
Tpe6a H3Mel^y H3AaHaKa 3aAp^aTH Haj6o.&H, npnBesaTH ra 
y3 npHTKy a& npaBO pacTe, na ra y cbojg BpeMe npn- 
caAHTH, a MecTO, Ha KOMe je paHflje npncai^HBaHO, oa- 
ceiiH AOi^HHJe h paHy npeMa3aTH BotapcKHM bockom. 

IIoc./ie HeKora BpeMeHa no canity M.iaAHHa h boL- 
Kflua y pacra^y Tpetia 3eji^y hito 6om ycHTHHTH, a 
3a BpeMe cyme na3RTH, j\a ce h BHme nyTa 3a.iHJy. 
OceM Tora, o6paTHTH naac&y h Ha to, a& M-inAHHe h 
BotiKHi^e He naTe oa KaKBe 6o.iecTH, h Map^HBO yoa- 
aaTH c h>hx HHceKTe, a Hapowro ryceHaue h jiHCHe Baran. 




LAAAAAAAAAAAAA.Ai.AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.AA> 




TTTTTTTTTTTTTrTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTrTYTTTTTTTTTyyTTTTfTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTr 



IX 

IMCAMBAM (HABPTAfoE, KAJIAMJLEftE, KAJIEMJbEIfcE) 

BOTiAKA 



1. npHcai)HBaH.y y onmTe. IIpncafyiiBaike je 
|i;UH.a. soja C€ eadoji y tomc ,\i\ ce rpatninna n.iu 

.;ii: SaKBO BOkKe CHOJH C ApyrOM KaftBOM BOkKOM 

epoAHQ Bpcre, H3 Koje Le 'Kao noA-iore cBoje npima'ni 
xp;m\ . ii.i ,\a ce 3aTHM, KaA norayHO cpacxe, pa3BHja 
l iianpiM) je, :{;i.i 1 ji'iK;iH;ijyli» npii tom CBe CBoje oco<1mie. 
Do i Botae, soja ce npnca^yje, Tpaatn ce, ah 

ce npi'Apymja'ie AOjaKomfte ooofara bam Aettaa, rpaaa, 

I M.i.i,vip;i. n;t KOJKXa 06 ilpiifaljYJe, TJ. M 

e ocotfraaMa rpaipnme h.ui nyno&Ka kojb ce 

VIInT|M'Mr :<;i II } ► II «'.l f;ll Ita IhG. 

< Ml.'ij £60, n;i ROM6 66 IIplK'aljYp', BOB6 C6 UOJAQZd, 

ji ee npica^jje, bob6 e6 eujona (i.-a.uvMrpaii- 
•nin.i) ui OKye (nynoAaK), npeia roue ,vi .m 66 npH- 
ca^yje rpaii'Hin.<»M in nynoAKOi, 

CnajaH»6 obo Bpnra <-<^ aa gajiMa^eii .v.iy .ihu,!, 

rp.ni k'i.i ii m.i;i,i,;i|i;i. jep 66 T] B($Or .lY'H'iu 

isxe^y J1HK6 n <l;u;y.i.('. cTBapa, sag 



136 



I'.OTtKE II BO*RE 



hito je liaBO.ieno, hobo TKaii.e ApBBTa; a cauo cpaiiihH- 
jmii.e no&aore a imjoiie oojamihaBa ee na oaaj iiauuji : 
OKua cy yi,e.iOBK .leTopacra, h omi, 04 ce hot- 
nyHo pa3BHJy, HAiajy tj moK 4a npniiajy coKOBe, Koje 
11 m no^ora npHBO^n, h ^a hx no/^ece 3a CBOjy noTpetfy. 
( 1 panihHBaH,e je Morynno CBaKa& a,KO cyAOBH, kojii ey 
11a to OApet^HH aa npoiioce coKOBe H3 atH.ia y rpaiie, 
HHcy 3anTHBeHH ? pa3#epaHH oh nopeMekeim, saTHM, aKo 
cy^OBH — BHJoite, na^ajy Tamio Ha cy^oBa noMorHHe, 
KaKO 6h OTBopi rop^flx cy^OBa oh.ih y caodpakajy ca 

OTBOpHMa flOILHX CyflOBa, TJ. X< { OH Kp03 H.HX MOMH 
COKOBH Hp0^a3HTH 6e3 HKaKBHX HpeHOHa. ^HM COKOBH 

nanfyy, ohh Ha pa3panaB./i>eHOM jiecTy ciaray H3BecHy 
KOjin^HHy opraHCKHx Maiepnja, Koje ce noiyiaBHTO Tpome 
na to, ^a paHa hito npe 3apacTe, Hapowro no OKpaj- 
HHMa; a cyBHHiHa KO.iHHHHa coKOBa oahoch ce y ny- 
no.LKe, ^a ce obh pa3BHJy. 

Kao hito ce bh^h, koa npHcafyHBatta Bp^o je BaatHO, 
Aa ce 4e.ioBH, kojh ce Mel>y co6om cnajajy, hito BHine 
40AHpyjy, a ^a ce npn tom He Ha^HHH BejiHKa pana; 
jep y kojihko je BeKa ^o^npna noBpniHHa, a npn tom 
Maisa paHa, h y ko^ihko 6o,i.e na^a „Kopa Ha Kopy h 
Me3rpa Ha Me3rpy", y to.ihko je BetiH h ycnex 04 npii- 
cal^HBaH>a. 

npnca^HBaae Bokana Bpinn ce y pa3HHM hh- 
.foeBHMa, Hy cbh ce cBo^e y MaBHOAie Ha to, 4a ce 
BOhKe pa3MHO^e, a Hapo*iHTO OHe, Koje ce nsaiehy, k<ij[ 
ce pa3MHoataBajy ceneHOM. TaKBe cy jatfyqimue a ko- 
iiiTyHHH;e ; a canto opax h KecTeH, Kao hito je noAienyTO, 
Aajy H3 ceiieHa HCTOBe'raH poA, Te ce saTO He Mopajy 
npncal^HBaTH. 

OBa HaJBa?KHHJa pa,AH>a y BotapcTBy nosHaTa je 
join lis HajcTapnier #oda, u CBeBOiHKB HanopH uciniTana, 



iii'iicAiMir.Aii.i: l:>7 



,\a HCTaimy .nine KOje ce npBO otiio-ic.io aaiiiiMani obhm 
nocaoM, ociii.in cy GeaycnenraH; re ee ory,i,.i y BeiHKO 
Bepyje, ,\a je caMa npnpo^a no,i,api[.ia ii)h:ii npiiMcpai; 
OBaKor pa,i,a. 

je to saJBepoBaTHBJe, «o»eMO ce yBepHTH, aico 
nocMa-rpaMO cpo^se Bofote Ecoje cy nafunao. Taico Enp, 
aico cy raBX) Hafixmo Kajcaje, nunino n 6pecKBe, rpenrae 
ii narpHBe, Kpynnce n ,iyn>r. na nrra mime n ucin ivlot, 
M iim ce rpane npiinicKyjy n saicpcyjy, 0H#a te ce ycic, i, 
Berpa n oayje na ,io r uipmi.M necTHMa pa3paHaBHTB tcopa, 
a tii.mc n ro KecTO nomyHO raKO noAecimi, ,a,a cokobii 
ii.: jc.i.Hora ApBeTa Mory iipciaaimi y ,\\)\vo apbo, na 
c tiim OMorytflTH cpam&HBa&e tux ,n\ioBa. n aaceje^Ha 
Bpcra BoKice opoMerHe y ^pyry, rj. ,i,a o,i, tfa^eMa ,ionn- 
jeMO 6pecKBy, 04 ,i.> "><' hah r.iora KpymKy, 0,1, uarpHBe 
Tpenray, a 04 ox&HBe sajcajy. 

Ha OCHOBB OBaKOr iipnpaiiitiiiuama paa.iii'iimx a 

CpOAHHX I:m],;i| ( -;i QOCTOJB II ,l,anac y npHMeHH lfapOMHTII 

HaMim iipnca^inuni.a upitjby6jbue<me 11.111 afaaxTupane, n 

<»iy,l,;i ce a.i il> C npaiat.M Ti:p,Ui. ,l,a je to lia'lllll npnca- 
},ni',aii,a Knjn je sajnpe ynoTpe6^ben. 11 ,ui je fteroBOM 
ynOTpetfON juiuiiijc OTBOpeH iivt n orra.iiiM iia'inini.Ma. 

Tiimc Ce j<\ 1,11110 11 oujaiun.aMa. ,i,a cy nmimmv npn- 
• •;it,nr,;iH,a iioan;ii:a.iii join n cnipn napu ui : 'hniii'iaim. 

.•rnn»ami. rpun 11 Pii.M.i.ann. Pnu.i.aiiii cy oi:y pa,i,n>y 

|)iiiimpn.ui no uc.K'.i JeBpoim, y Kojoj je Hajnpe aurnua. 

.1 .p'Ulinp' - y Ma. 10 iiito mijc 11 CaCBHM llpniia.ia. jop 

je Bprnesa riocBe Aome. 

K'ii.i, (•(• <• naXBOM ii|)c.incT,ijy .ic.ui crapnx nncaiia 
<> OBOJ iiciiniinn. <>h,i,;i ce \nt;i;c H3B6CTB aaK.i.yiai.-, ,i ? a je 
\|el,y ii.iim.i ifiijia-tiu tfpoj, koJB ry nciirnniy miry noana- 
i:;i.m. 11.111 Cy i»'i; CaMO y 11, y a.imipn.in. 

TeK iip<- ,i.i:;i B6Ka (H*> ( .»<i) ncii.i.io jc :;;i pyia»M iincii.y 
IHUJy ,l,;i y CBOM6 la'.iiiiai.M 11 llony.iapiloM 

HSHece npaBe kophcth, Esoje <•(• .lorimmjN ripBca^n- 
;. re je rauo OBa . p»i m- 3a6a?eHa BeuiTHHa [iohobo 

o;i;m;(M.i. 

UorpemHo cxBarara 6hao je \;p»a;. re ce hduo 

iiniiiiium 11 iipii.i.i.ai.m HHOrO i;«»ji"icMy 11 11c CMH- 



138 BOUKE IT BOTVE 



iilzbchom; a nun no^aTaKa mm h o tjikom BepoBaay: ^a 

CO 11 CB6K0AHKB .IIIIIlhapH MOry HpliniljIIUnJBO.M npeTBO- 

piiTM y po^He BOJaH>aKe. 

Tbp^h ce, 4,a je Tyeu 6mo npBH, kojh je, ko- 
pncTeiiH ce cbojhm HCKycTBOM, mAomm ^a he 04 npn- 
ca^HBaita 6hth ycnexa crmo Ta^a, aKO je Boko, Koja 
ce npncaljyje, y H3BecnoM cpo^CTBy c rpaH*ran,OM Koja 
ce Ha ay ate^n npHcaAHTH. H obo npaBHJio, Koje je 
OH HOCTaBHO, BaatH h ^aiiac. 

2. BaacHHja HCKycTBa ao kojhx ce aohmo npn- 
catjHBaaeM. „Ako 6h Ha»i ncna^io 3a pyKOM, &a noAHr- 
neMO Beo, kojhm cy y npnpoAH 3acTpBeHe HaynHe no- 
jaBe, Bean Bokap Tome, OH^a 6hcmo yTBp^o bcpobmh, 
Aa 6h 3HaH>e 600 04 BdHKe kophcth BenrriraH npa- 
catjHBaita, h Ha^a je, ,a,a tie HeKfl hsbccth OBy parity 
Ha npaBH nyT, h CKHHyTH c H>e CByKOAHKy TaMy. Ka# 
ce Ao6flBeHa HCKycTBa yAece TaKO, A a ce He cyKO&taBajy 
c TeopnjoM, Bet Aa c h>om fl#y pyKy noA pyKy, oH^a 
Le ce noKa3aTH He caaio (Span HanpeuH, BeL tearo pac- 
HOJiaraTH h Aa./ieKO AparoueHHJHM HCKycTBHMa, n to 
KaKO OHHMa, Koja cy 3a ca^a y TaMH, TaKO h OHHMa, 

O KOJHMa TeK OiyTHMO." 

y obom nor-ie^y y cimy cmo HaBecTH OBa no- 
CBe BaatHa HCKycTBa, j\o kojhx ce aodmo npnca^HBafteM, 
a Koja ce n Hay*mo yTBpfyyjy: 

a. Upuca^ueaneM ja6yunu^a u Kowrynui^a ,40- 
6uoa ce ceana^ kpyuuuju po£ 04 poja c ueupuca- 
feuux eoftana. 

6. Cejne us po^a upucafenux eoftana ue zy6u 
Humra oft ceojux oco6una, jep je ucto Taw jeflpo 
u KAUJaeo u mmcl za y uctoj koawiuhu, mo u y 
eofiam Koje uucy upucatfme. 



IIl'IR'ATillBAlLE I ,'W 



b. 1 1 pn ofoa cracaeajy panuje, u y tco- 

7/7/ wpucafyjy, y toauko cy po£- 

" y toauko "M ce euuie uoupaejbiij y u mixoee 

a u p<>,i je y toauko Kpyuuitju. 
r. HpucafiuetmeM aoapaeJba ce ynyc po^a, tj. 

oeaj je c.wtju, MupiiuLmeuju u upujaTuuju 3a je^o. 
IlvA.iotn H6MQ HiiKCiKea yTuyaja na ynyc 
j" 'A". " joui je M(iH>e y crcmy Men>a,Tu My u oco- 
. koo WTO to hcku Tep^e. Ohh, koje y OBO Be- 
pyjy, /u>Ka:;yjy to TBiie, idto Be^ie, ^a cy peHOOAe 
njnna^ene na neKBM nijLHBaMa HeyKycHe, a Ha neKHMa 
6] nanpoTHB Bp^o yKycHe, h a& cy Tpenme HaBpHyTe 
na jiarpHBy MHoro yKycHHj'e, Hero KaA ce npncaAe Ha 

AHB.LV TpeiUlLV. 

OBaKH cy homcah norpenran. Y3poK OBOiie Tpe6a Tpa- 

shth y «-.iau.beH.y no^ore, a HHKaKO y H>eHHM coKOBHAia. 

Koa iiajfieLer opoja o^iaKa, Hapowro ohhx Koje 

cy ce pa3BHvie 04 pe3HHna, cbh amobh, 36or anxoBe 

oco6eHe opraHHsauHje, y ciaay cy y3eTH H3 3ejM>e, 6e3 

ofoipa, a& ah je OHa necuyma, nyiOBa^a, Kpeiyma hta., 

noTpefay xpaHy, h OBy 3a CBojy noTpetfy TaKO npepa- 

MarepHJe HMajy AOHHHJe nocBe Ma^y c/ih i ihoct 

ca oHii.Ma, is Kojnx cy nocTajie. H HajBemTBJeM OKy 

mijt' icmLio 3a pyKOM, && nociaBH KaKBy pa3^HKy y 

06.1 HKy h TKa&y koa ABejy bxtobpchhx pe3HHua, Koje 

n a 36M.i,aMa cacMa pa3JiHMue npnpoAe. 

Yuma.)', EOJ1 OBe iiaTepHje, aKO hx mia y H30- 

(fny, Mory HMaTH na pacTHite, cacTOJH ce jeAHiio y 

1 pacTa, 'iHMe ce y hcto Bpeie 

pa iioi'.o.i.iia aoroA<fa a& 6ka>k& Moate pen h r.cl.y 

■ imiy tmx .M.ncpiija. Ory ,\n I AOAB&E, AaJ6B0Lsa 

na AO((poj 1 eHtSHOJ 36MJLH a^ko tfo^a h (Jyjimjn, 
Hero u ocjmmh.c m.ih Aoine saKBobe. 



t'lO BO'RKE H BOTvE 



Cokobh M3 no/j,./iore yrnqy na BHJOKy cacBHM Ha 
hcth naqnn, itao iuto h xpaiiHBH cokobh H3 3eM.te 
yrnqy na pe3HHH,y, jep BHJOKa y eaicoj CTBapn mije 
iiHioTa Apyro, ao pe3HHHa npnca^eHa Ha no^ory, Koja 
yjiecTO a^ npnaia cbojhm M-iana noTpeCmy xpaHy H3 
aeMAe, y3HMa roTOBe coKOBe H3 noMore, nonrro cy 
cy^OBH noMoraHH h bhjokhhh Mefyy cotfoM y Be3H. 
'Apyrai pe^iHMa, BnjoKa je npaBH 6hahh roTOBaH (na- 
pa3H r r), jep jkhbh o Tj^eM Tpomicy, o TpouiKy noA-ioriray. 

3a AOKaa oBOMe y3HMa ce n npHcafyeHa BotiKa — 
npncaA. CyAOBH, Kpo3 Koje Kpyxe cokobh, h aito ce 
npn^HKOM npnca^HBaaa HOAemaBajy TaKO, ^a ce nefyy 
codoM Tamio noK.ianajy, BnaK ce He Mome HHKaA no- 
cthhh, /i,a ce ohh h HOAJeAHaKO pa3BHJajy, BeK je ro- 
AHnme CTBapaae ApBeia noA-ziore h.ih jaqe, hjih aaaoXje 
oa BHJOKe, TaKO a^ je OBa pasjiHKa necro yo<L&HBa n 
koa BokaKa, KOJHMa je neAeceT h BHuie roAHHa. 

3aTO ce c npaBOM tbpah, A& cokobh noA.iorHHH ne 

MOry HMaTH HHKaOB KBaAHTaTHBaH yTHI^aj Ha BHJOKy, 

Aa H>eHy npnpoAy HHcy y crafty H3MeHHTH hh na kojh 
HanHH h a* jane hah ciadnje npH^aateH,e coKOBa Moate 
HMaTH Ha BHJOKy H3BecaH yTHHaj, a^n ne h TaKafc, a^ 
ce BHMe Meaa h ocodnHa BHJOKHHa. 

}). y koauko je uoAJioia cjia6ujeza pacTa, y to- 
jiuko je pofiHWJa u y tojiuko je npyunuju pofl, koju 
flouocu ewjona, jep ce uoTpe6na kojiuhuhcl cornea sa 
creapcme ^peeTa Tpomu na zpafyy ueeTa u po^a, 
ua 3am je u upuca/i, y tojiuko npaReza eena. Thko 
nnp. aKO ce KpyniKa npncaAH Ha Aytf>y, OHa He MOJKe 
Aa mbh BHnie oa 30 roAHHa, Me^yTHM, poA je spyn- 
hhjh h MHoro .lenniH, Hero KaA ce HaBpHe Ha AHB^aKy ; 
AHB^aKa KacHHJe cracaiia sa poA, a^in je 3HaTHO Aymer 
BeKa. — JadyKa, npncafyena nn noTpop.aqy jadysy (Pa- 



Him vimihaii.i: 1 i I 



rallies). Tpaje iiaJBnine 25 roAHHa, aa xo.iaiucKy ja- 
djrj (Doucin), xhbh oko 50 ro.vina: npHcafyena iia 
AM&aity, ios6 iMiypain 1 < >o —150 n.wiiiia: a auo ce 

He iipiiraljvje, tj. orraBii Kao ,uni.i>aKa. ;khbh ,jo 200 
Raima. [LaoA J6 H AKB&aKe Kao nrro je no3HaTO Haj- 
cithhjm, Benrro Kpyiniiijii ofl naijpHyTe ,pB.i>aKe, join 
irpviimijii t npiinua na xo.iaii,u j Koj jaoviui, a iiajtcpyn- 
hiijii <• npica^a na ueTpoBaqH. 

,l,a <»bo ii naBe,i,eiio hito do^be odjacHHMO, nociy- 
uLeio ce je.uinM npoepon 13 npupoAe. 

y npiipo.ui B.ia,i,a uao nocBe cTa-ian saiton 6op6a 
so BCH60T. Om ce 6op6a npocrape Ha ciie GTBopoBe, 
#UU6 11a .i,y,i,e. -.i;nB0THH>e, na h Ha pacrHH>e. 

HajBefce 11 sajjaie atHB0THH,e, Koje ce cbojom Be- 

1 CHaroM nory aaso onspaTi cbhmh He3roAana, 

jKihajy. Kao nrro je noaHaTO, caMo no je/iHO Mjia^o, aok 

rilTHHJH CTBOpOBB ftOHOCG Ha CBd 110 HeKO.lHKO, a HeKH 

11 QO6B6 iraoro. 3(5or n,nxoBe noy3#iHe H€%poLhocth y 
(optii 3a shboTj 11 mxobo j>a:iMHoataBaH>e He Ao.iaan 
y Tai:i;y noTpetfy Kao y ciauHX CTBOpona, KOJB .iai;o 

acy y (Soptfi <;i cno&amftHM yrHHaJHMa. TaKO anp. 

11 CylOH, Jtaljajv nmo 110 je.mo )\M\,\o, a MHUI 

gb&koi MfiTiia ") LO; Jieimpi na croTHHy (jaja), a 

\apiini;i HI MHTMl; MJl.lHoll. 

icto I'.pt'.ui 11 :;;i nii.i.i;»'. JeAHoroAisme 6n&Ke 

EIBOT AOH6CJ <'i;;ii;t l naiim* ,i,;uei;<> nrliY 

ko.iii'jmh) 66H6Ha <a paorifta (iiiip. pacra, KecTeHa, 

(jKB€ in 1.1. KOJ6 flOCTUH UIHOBCRJ jii'imiy 11 . i,«*o.i,m h v . 
I>;i 1 IKBOF CTBOpa, KHB0THB6 II. Ill 6ttJbK() 

mi tM^jbeibe t«m;i. (»n in MaTepHje, Koje cy, aok 

10 6lJ10 .:i|>;ir.o. 6flJ16 DO kmy ri:\,i;i in> ic.i.ciii'. 

.-' opraae oajom y pasBijaft] 1 nia.-.n. \.\w\ i.j»\ in 



42 BOUKE H BOM 



tok, tj. KOHUieHTpniny CBOjy parity Ha opraHe pa3MH0- 
ataBafta, 4a ce HaMecro CTBopa, eojh ycKopo H3yMnpe, 

£0()HJe HOB CTBOp. 3aKOH je OBaj H KOA MBOTHH,a, a^in 

je oh, HeMa cyMH>e, Hajyo^AHBHJH koa 6n^>aKa. TaKO 

HHp. HeKO BHCOKO ApBO AOHOCH no CBOJOJ HpHpO^H Ma.10 

poAa, a.o aKo ce oho OKpenie, HapaHaBH, aKO My ce 
Koja rpaHa npcTeHyje, caBnje, aKO ce atHJie noBpe^e, 
yMaite h yoninTe ano ce apbo 6h.io y qeMy ocia6n eae 
oiHTeTH, OH^a ce npnpo^a jkhbo CTapa, ^a Tano APBO 
ycKopo ihto 6o^.e okhth HBekeM h poaom. 

Obo je yiaKO A<>Ka3aTH Ha CBaKOM KopaKy, na 3a r ro 
h CMeMO H3BecTH 3aK.&yqaK a& KO-inqaiia, Kpynnoka, a 
necTO h KaKBoka po4a, CTOJe y o6pHyroj cpa3Mepn npeia 
jaqMHH BoKite, h jya, je npeMa TOMe BotiKa, y ko^ihko 
BHHie pa^a, y tuihko ciatfnjer pacTa. 

OTy^a je h npnca^HBaiLe paA&a, kojom ce BoiiKa 
0c.aa6.kaBa y nopacTy, jep ce bomc cnpeqaBa tok co- 
KOBa oa ffiH^ia Ka KpyHH, na y kojihko ce qenihe Koja 
BotKa npnca^yje, y to.ihko cy jaqe h OBe cMeme, Te 
3aTO BOHKa 6o^be pafya, h poA joj je Kpymrajn, a^n je 
Kpakera BeKa. 

3. KopncTH, Koje ce nocTHacy npnca^HBaaeM. 
IIpHcai)HBaH>eM Mory ce hocthLh MHore h pa3jiHMHe ko- 
pncTH. TaKO Hnp. : 

a. H>HMe cmo y CTaay OApacaTH n pa3MHOMTH 
CBe Ba^aHe copTe BotaKa, na Cmo a& cmo hx npons- 
bcih H3 ceMeHa ear BenTaqKMM on.iol?HBaH>eM. /l,a Hnje 
npnca^HBafta, MHore copTe BokaKa h MHoro yKpacHO 
ApBeke h HinCUe H3ry6n^o 6h ce cacBHM. 

6. KaA ce 0Aa6paHe copTe Boka npncaAe na hoa- 
iory ciadnjer pacTa, j[ofmhe ce MHoro Kpynnnjif h MHoro 
^enran poA. 



QPHCA'BHBAEbE 143 



b. IIpHcabiiBaH.eM y CTan>y cmo ytipaaTH poahoct, 
aso ce ii{uifal)HHan.t'M copio npiea^e na hhckg BOhite 
u.m TaKBe. KOJe «y .lormr.ie cboj nopacT. 

r. Cctbom jadyiHima h KonrryHHua Aiory ce qecro 
Aodimi Bp.iu iene h Bp.10 A<>6pe copie, HapounTo y 
c.iywajy, ki\,\ ee sa ceja&e ynoTpedn ceue ihto 6ojbnx 
copaTa, u.m TaKBiix. KOJe cy upoH3BGAGHe Beni r ra i iKHM 
nii.ii.hiiBaii.t'M. HaJBeLa dpoj AanaHiftnx copaia nocrao 
je iia OBaj na'mii. Bew <\iy i iaJHO, a Her^e h HaMepno. 
«M raKiix copaia r jo6nje poA uito npe, o^adepy 
■••• ,\nB.i,aMDne c KpynmiM u na&aBHM .ihhihgm, Ha KOJHMa 
iit'.Ma TpH.a. na CO iiaBpHy Ha hhckg eak CTape bohkg, 
I, a;- -|>a copTa, uito ce 3Ha bgh hooig 2 — 3 

K'unit'. OH^a ce saApu h A^.te pa3MHoataBa, a aKO 
imje. OH^a ce niKapmpa. /I,a cg oa bohkg, Kojajenpo- 
l "iia sa nvMtMia. ao^hjg poA, Tpcda 10 — 15 roAHHa, 
a npHcafrgBteeM poA ce nose ao6hth bgh nocic 2 — 3 
POAiHe. 

MnryhHO je na jVahy bohkv npncaAHTH bhuig 
GOpaia, i:a,i ce ;i;*\m ca.nia'ni KaiiBOha H>HXOBa poAa, 

t ii m ii Aa .in nx Tpi'na pa3MHoacaBaTH eae ho, 
hii|>. i.a.i, ce npoiSBOAe Bolii;a B3 CGJicna paAH Aodn- 
i bobi2 copaTa. 

I,. IIf.n<-a},Mi:ajy!,ii i;pyniK\ na Ay*y, jadvify, \«.- 
.laiurKV jauyi:y ii ncTpoBa'iy jadyiiy, na KOJHMa obg 
Botae Be iiory aoctbLh iiop\ia.my BHCHHy h cTapocT, 
j cra&j cio b8M6hhti hi o(tan n ytihuitu na j>oa- 

KpjBHOhj, A6SOTJ n \ny poAa, Kao n .\n TH1 

l','»}.i:;iM;i AMO ll"1«'c;ill on.llli;. 1;| C€ HOrj rajiiTM H Ha 
MMii.f'M IipOCTOpj : HO rpa,i,nnaM;i. \ir|,;iua. iki nrra minm 

ii y eaKCijaMa. 

•■. IIpllc;iljlir.aiM'M y n;\\\,\ 6M0 t'liai'TM BOkKy, 

m jfHopy, aso je apHcaAHio copTOM (SyJHHJer 



144 BOTvKK H BO HE 



pacTa, jep ce y tom ciyqajy, no fepanAnBaifcy apnca^a, 
ywie na jaqe pa3BHJaH>e ;km.i;i. a thm it na hobo.lhhjm 
nopacT n iiaoakow. 

m. ELoTpefae rpaHe 3a ou.ikk wry ce npncal)H- 
BaihCM iipon3BecTfl h Ha MecTHMa, Ha KojHiia HeMa noro- 
^ada 3a h,hxobo pa3BHJaH>e ; a y hhckhx BOhaKa noTpc- 
oan o6./mk lie mme ce hh saMHejiHTH 6e3 npaca^HBaita. 

3. IIpHca^HBaH>eM M03K€ ce yBehain 6poj Bota^a 
11 nin6./ba, THMe iuto ce 3a no/tyiory y3ioia m Apyro j\\)- 
Behe, imp. 6vaw taot, MarpHBa, ayTa pn6n:ua, iiep inw 

11. Mo»e ce M3a3BaTM paaBHJaite po^unx rpaiia 
H na MecTHMa, Ha Kojoa iieua nyno^aKa, aKO ce poAHH 
nynoAHH c Apyrux Tannx Bofauca (o/l, jyaa 40 ceirreM- 
6pa) nceKy m Ha obhsui npiica^e. 

j. IIpHca^HBaHiCM nose ce noja^ara boKo, rpaHa 
hah 1W04, aKO ce ynoTpe6a iipM,Lyd.tHBaH,e ca cpoAHOM 

BotiKOM, KAU C KaKBHM CHaXHHM iLaaaapoM. 

k. J\q6ao h rpaHe, Koje naie 04 paKa, hah Koje 
cy ouiTeteHe onadOM KopoM, Hpa36BHHa, r.io/i,apinia 11./111 
6hao i ihm6, na cy 36or Tora y cymimi ^a Mory Ajpa-TH, 
MorytiHo je OApataxn npHca^HBa^eM. 

a. CBe npoMCHe ua .iHinhy m n,Behy ApBeka, 11111- 
d.ta h BokaKa, (mao ^a frOAaae yc/ie/i, KaKBe 6o.aecTH 
h.ih cno^aniftHX yTHuaja, aso cy 'raoe, 4a hx Tpe6a 
l iyBaTH ? Hnp. s6or npyra, TpaKa, inapeHH.ia, nynnjer 
UBeTa KTj\., Mory ce o^Mum 11 yqspcTHTH jeflHHO upM- 
cai^HBafteM. 

a>. Moryniio je ko/i, /lboaomhoi? ApBeka (Hiip. An- 
cuba japonica, Griiicgo biloba, Ilesia Pistacia mt^.) 
o-iaKiuaTir omio^HBaii.e, hko ce npHca^HBameM 06a nojia 
nocTane Ha(>JiH30, na je^HO ApBO. 

m. IIpjir.aijMimir.eM Moryhiio je yipsaTH nopacT 
rpaHe 11 ,ieTopacra, aKO ce ynoTpedn ihto Ayata mijoi.a. 



lll'IlC.VLlIBAll.E 145 



YnoTpetfoM OBor HaqnHa, y cTa.H>y cmo, Kao hito H3- 

. iioiTiitin nocBe AHBHe pecy.iTaTe, jep 3a BnjoKy 

i nf.iy rpaiiy. i:pyiiy, na mTa Bnnie h 

ao, na na raj liauim 3a BHine ro^HHa othLh 

ynan; 

h) Ha nocieTKy, npiica}>HBaH»eM Moase ce y6p3aTB 

pasBigafte 11 bhcokhx BoLasa, aso ce no^Jiora npnca^H 

copTOM 6jJHor [tana eajnpe koa BpaTa, Aa 6h ce pa3Bn.io 

hito 6o.Le ftetfjo, na :mthm y kpyhh, H3a6paHOM copTOM. 

OBaj na'iiiH iipiiral^iBan.a, kojh ce 30Be A60zy6o upuca- 

me 11.111 upucatfuecme na apneas, HapoHHTO je no- 

v« mi 3a CBe OHe copTe Koje pacTy cnopo, a y npHiieira je 

• iqiyinaira Koje HaBpnyTe Ha Ay&y ycneBajy .lonie, fl 

Koje cy c Tora KpaTKor BeKa ; OB^e cna^ajy Haj6o^e copTe, 

Hnp. BOAOKaqa IwiepaeoBa, THKBHqHna BaH MapynoBa, 

1, BOAefta^a rpy.MKOBepcKa, THKBHHHna BoKCOBa, 

KpacaHK* m\\. CBe OBe copTe He Tpe6a npncaAHTH o^iax 

boIi najnpe copTe 6yJHor pam, Koje Ha Ay&n 

Aodpo HaiijHuyjy, sao nrro cy: nacTpirea, abopckh ca- 

BeTHii BTOBKa 11 flp., na saTHM KaA ce M^a^apn 

'.ihiix copaw i"MjM» paaBHJy, hito uiiua nocie hcko^hko 

hx npiic.'uirni naBe^eHHM copxa.Ma. 

UpHca^HBa&en a , ><jiih;ijy ce, sao ihto ce beak, Be- 

sqHe KopHCTH, h KaA ce TOMB 404a, 4a je 

a no ceCii Bpjio .iai;;i n &a iwje cKon^aHa hh ca 

EM liailjM hm, m je Kopucna H 3ailIIM- 

b nocao, kojh je y sac jora y noBojy, 

(HHCKH IIpIIXHUTHTH. 

1. IIoroA6e op, kojhx saBHCH yenex npncaijH- 

BaH>a. iifi!!<-;i} ; in;ai[,;i ::,u;iicn HOHajnpe 0,1, B6HITIH6 

II|HI' , ;il,Ilf5;iM;i. ::;ni!M <» ,1. i;;i.i,;uior E8(fopa H".i,i«»ri' 11 iui- 

JOKti HOCTH, US "IM;i (.1 l..m;i 11 110- 

!>!fr;if,y|Y, <i|.\!,;i ifojllM rr |»;i,1,||, | o 1 r;i\|or 

10 



146 BOUKE H BOTIE 



Ha^HHa npHca^HBaita. /l,a 6hcmo ce ihto 6o£>e yno3Ha.iH ca 
CBHMa thm noro^daMa, no r rpe£)HO je 4a CBaKy 3a ce npo- 
yqiMO nrro. 6o£>e. BeniTHHa npHca^HBaita, a c thm h Be- 
niTHHa Bokapa, npHca^HBana, saBHCH, HeMa cyMH>e, oa iuto 
6ojbqt no3HaBaita cpoAHHx BokaKa, h 04 nrro do^er H3- 
Bo^eita noje/j,HHHx Ha*mHa npnca^HBaaa, r re 3aTO obomc 
h ho Moate 6hth Hapowro roBopa. 

5. H36op noA-aore* Tyeu je, Kao ihto je naBe- 
AeHO, dno npBH, kojh je AOKa3ao, ^a ce npncaljHBa&e 
Moate ycnemHO upe^yseTH, ano H3Mei>y noA-iore h ehjokc 
hoctojh H3B6CHO cpoactbo ; a A*>i],HHJe je yTBp^eno, Aa 
noA-iora c bhjokom He Moate cpacTH, aKO OHe He npn- 
na^ajy je^HOJ h hctoj GVraHH^KOJ $aMH.iHJH. 

Ila h KaA ce Ha^e cpoactbo H3Me^y HOA^ore h bh- 
joRe, nnaK HHJe noy3AaHO, Aa te ce CBaKaA hocthhh a;e- 
AeHH ycnex c Tora, hito H3BecHe BotiKe, h aKO cy y 
cpoACTBy, c HeKHMa cpainnyjy He Moate 6hth 60 A>e, h 
Aonraje HanpeAyjy KaKo ce cano noate^HTH Moate, a 
c HeKHMa, HanpoTHB, h.ih TeniKO cpanihyjy, h./lh h ano 
cpacTy, OHe AOHHHJe .lome ycneBajy. TaKO Hnp. : 

H3Mel>y KpyniKe h jadyKe hcto je TaKO cpoactbo 
Kao H3Mei>y KpyniKe h Ayae, na Kpynma, HaBpHyTa Ha 
Ayay, ycneBa Bp^io A<>6po, a npnca^eHa Ha ja6yny 
npHMa ce perao kua. 

KpymKa HaBpHyTa Ha ja6yKy He ycneBa, a npn- 
ca^eHa Ha 6e,in taot, c kojhm je Man>e canqHa ho c ja- 
dyKOM, HanpeAyje hoboaho. 

Tpemaa He Moate ce npHca^MBaTH Ha niAHBy, Kaj- 
cnjy, 6pecKBy h 6aAeM, h aKO je c HHMa TaKO cpoAHa ; 
na Ha c^iynaj h Aa ce npncaA npHMH, OBaj je Bp.10 
KpaTKor BeKa. 

H aKO ce AyH>a jaKO pa3.iHKyje oa 6e^ora Mora, 
Moate ce Ha n> ycnemHO npncaAHTH. 



ni'iicAiMinAii.i: 147 



ppeCKBfl ii Kajciije iipii.Majy ce b\)ao TemKO, m\.\ 
ce npaca^e je^ao ua Apyro, a o<Joje, viB^ym, Bpjio .mho 
nuii|»e r i,yjy. Ka f i, ce HaBpHy na u.ueu n.in in.LHBy. 

»j»yiiia. MyiiiMy.ia H flyaa pa;MHKyjy ce j&KO 
H.iMehy cede, a miBpHyie na 6eJiH Mor ycneBajy Bpao 
Aotipo. 

UlTOMi Kerrt'ii HanpnyT ua xpacT, napowro Ha 

uep, ycneua nocBe floopo, jep u KeffreH n xpacT cna^ajy 

•amijuqy (Cupuliferae) ; a ne npniia ce, 

eudn nprn-a/ui A»»u,n KecreH (Aesculus hyppo- 

castairam), jep OBaj cna^a y cacBHM Apyry <&aMB7iHJy 

(Hyppocastaneae). 

Orpos, Koji je ApBeTQM, AHiDieM n poaom toko 
r.in«iaH c juioii.i.in\i. cpamtyje .lerio, km ce Ha OBy Ha- 
upHe, 6e3 06311JK1 fla .111 cy copTe 6e./ie, ljpBeHe hah 
njme : a ■ orpoa i puuit.ua njCBe aotipo nanpe/ijjy, Kafl 
ce npncaAe ua ;i:vtv pifejiy (Ribos aureum). H Ha 
raj Ma'inii. i:ao niTo j<" noMeflyTO, sajjiasme Je pasBsmi 
spjHj ROA rax Bokuta; Mel;\Tini piidji:ua iiaiipHyra ua 
iijtiiMii i". a. in ce nocie KpaTKor BpeneHa ocyuur. 

II(M,ni!<>.i»iio ii().;H;ii!aii.c Bohaica, ^pBeta ii miio^ba 

no cpo£HOCTH 6hao je yspoic, re ce paHBJe He caMO .iy- 

BSHomeHe n paa&OTHg 6ajiee, a OTKpHBaHB 

11 cMeiinm ii|»oii;i.i;h-ii,ii. Taico Hup. npenopymBaHO je, ,i,;i 

ii|ilic;il;iil!irni Ha <;/»'>!(. aKO Ce '.i;<\ui. ,l,;i po r l, 

BpyimaJH, a aoMopanyty ua jeAeuimy (flex 

aquifolium), ,i,;i He CTpa^a 04 upa3eBa, aaniM pywy na 

'//^// lonlljc ll|)!l UWV'WWAU \\\\ .iCHHl'Ky, 

,i,;i ii teH. Bepzuxuje npenopy^yje jacoB sa 

spy mice; afaj HaBpke Tpenm>e Ha Tonoay ; KoAy- 

v.1,1 \i;i<-.i!iiic »i,i cMOKBy; M(L\<i,]n opax Ha 6eaJ 11. m- 
(Arbutus Qnedo), KpymKj na 6&a&m,askjb Ha 

// fiei ii:|»ni. !.i m\ii,;i \tiimc Mp.10 HITeTHO 

ii,ii:|»livni n,i .mmii r.ior. HeKH 
Mii.i npHi 11,1 k\iimii\, J ll.un ,ia Upon 

111' 



148 BOUKE H BOUE 



HOTiiyHO upBeHe pe6pa i ie ; 3aTHM bhhoby .losy Ha opax, ^a 
y rpo/K^y 6y&e BHiue y^»a; pn6H3.iy na BiraoBy *i03y, ^a 
6oom;e n rpo34 pHffa&ie 6y^y HCTe KpyiiHohe Kao 11 rpoari)e 
BimoBe .io3e. HeKii oneT, 6ecnoc./ieHH, iipnca^yjy ja6yicy 
Ha Bp6y ht#. 

He3Haae, a ca obhm qecro y bg3h h eroH3aM, ^a 
ce OApacn y CHa3H h oho, mro HHaqe „noHHBa Ha po- 
bhtom TeMe^y", Bjia^ajy o bom pa^H>OM join h AaHac, na 
3aT0 ? Aa npH H36opy noMore He 6hcmo h caMH AyTa^H, 
HOTpeCmo je, ^a 3a CBeKO^HKe BoliKe, upe>ia noTpe6aMa 
pa# kojhx ce raje, npenopymio h no^ecHe no^ore. 
TaKO, 3a noMory Tpe6a y3era, npn npoH3BOAH>n: 

Jafiyna: jafiyny, npoH3BeAeHy H3 ce3ieHa, aKO ce 
atejie hpoh3boahth BncoKe h ocpe^fte BOhKe, a 3a hhckg 
BOhKe (EpMyinn) xoJiau^CKy ja6yny h ueTpoowty 
ja6yny. 

Kpymana : npyumy, npoH3BeAeHy H3 ceMeHa, ano 
ce a;e^e hpoh3boahth bhcokg BoliKe, Hapowro Ha hochhm 
h cyBHM 36MAaMa, na una Bnnie h 3a bhcokc nnpaMHAe 
h najiMeTe (mna^Hpe) ; Ayny (HaponnTO KpymKacxor 
o(MHKa), nponsBe^eHy H3 ceMeHa, HarpTaiteM h^h np- 
nopHHMa, aKO ce ate^ie npoH3BO,pTH HHCKe BoliKe y 
o6./iHKy KopAOHa, najiMe'ra, nnpaMH^a h Koiyia; 6eau 
zjioz (Crataegus Oxiacantha), npoH3B6AeH hs ceMeHa 3a 
KpsK^ynra, Ka^ Hena /jyiteBHX no^ora. 

Ayn>a: o6wmy AV^V (Cydonia vulgaris) uak 
OHOtcenmy Ayn>y (C. vulgaris macrocarpa), npoH3Be- 
Aeny BarptaaeM uae npnopuHMa, imh 6ejiu zjioz, npo- 
H3BeAeH H3 ceMeHa, HapoMHTO 3a .lonie h cyBe 3esijte. 

MyviMyjia: 6ejiu zmz, upoH3Be4,eH H3 ceMeHa, a 
peiKO CMpAJbUKoemy (Sorbus aucuparia), KpyniKy, 
Ayn,y h MyniMy./iy (Mespilus Smithi), jep je ycnex ne- 

HOBO;T>aH. 



nPHCAt»QBAFLE 149 



i>iim<i : tcpyuucy, a pe^e tiejiu zaoz, npoH3- 

i;.Mrn n.; 68M6Ha. 

uuma ii eutuatba: rpeumy n. in mumy, npo- 

yiiy is ct'Mena. \i\\,\ 66 ;i;e.ie npoH3BO,pTn BIC0R6 
boLk6, a Mcupuay, Tawofye npoH3Be/ieny H3 ceMena, sa 

-.' boLk6 y rpa.umaMa H 3a RKCR6 boIr6 y ou.uikv 
inij»aMH r \a n muMcm. 

ULwea: mJbuey, ii|Hui3BeAeny H3 cejieHa, a join 
nu.i.r jxi.inr copre AOMaateHaKa, jep cy He caio »1vj- 
inijer pacra, neli u HHoro ,i,y;Ker Besa, a uapo^HTO ya- 
Hapwcy (Primus Mirabolana), npoH3Be/i,eHy H3 ceMeua. 
jep je 0Ba hocbc no^ei-na ho ca.M0 3a Hena^e bcK h 
3a peHKviOAe 11 opa(>e.iKe. y 3>paHiiycK0J ynoTpen.i.a- 
Bajy oe at QOAAOrj in.i.ima ca.MO : ooimua wjbitea (Pru- 
ia), .:<ithm Hn6opa St. Julien h nacKopa 
Haft: rp flan. me. 

Kajcwja: mjcujy, Ga^eM 11 Gpeacey, a HaponaTO 
//'./,/">>/. 11 TO KOJJ copTy o.i, AatfacijeHaKa. Cbg obg 

iw rpetfa npoiSBecn S3 ceueHa ; no^ore oa 
ni.i.HBa iorj (Jmtb h 04 ii:uanaKa, a.iH c Tora ihto h 
obi ropajy n.uaiihv, imjoo.i.e je M.ia r i,HHe nponsBecTH 
ii.; K"iimina. Do&iora 04 uanapHKe unje xaKO sro.uia 
M cajrjijf c rora, nm> je oceT.LHBa Ha x-ia/jHoliii n 
HTO 66 H;n;|»T;in.t' Bpimi n;i &0J iienrro 'rente aero na 
.ipyniM COpTaia iii.i.jiiwl 

Epecaxa: AOMacyeneicy uu/uey (Prunus Damas- 

1. !i]iMii.:i',.M,t'liy 11.: i;n]HTiiii;i .:;i x.ia.un 1 , B.l.r.i.'iie. 
B4ITR6 H 6JB6 B6MA6, 8 lino t;ik<> 11 OCTOM COpTO 
BLUB 'l. 11. MX (.'i.'ii,.- iic ncna.ui TaRO 38 pyROM, 

i'I|f||;ii;;i : 'IfijrM, |||)<Hl.!m\t.»'ll H3 <'»'MI'li;i, 

0, 1 Mil. ir 11 i.-pcMiK' 36M&6. K;m, 66 ;;i iio,i,i<>rv 

Jf3M6 iiu.ni'.;i i.i;ina|>ni,-;i. <»ii,i,;i fipeCKBQ J B036TRJ 11a- 

]6 i'.|».i" \o6fO, ;i.iii ,V»liiin.i»5 B30CTaH6 \ noparry. 



150 



BOUKE H BOUE 



ua ce h cacBHM oeyiira. 3a rajeH>e 6pecaKa y caKcajaMa 
H6KH y3HMajy 3a no^ory h Tpu (Primus spinosa), Hy 
Fame npaBQ bqau ^a je to nrpaqita. 

BafieMa: 6a^eM, npoH3Be£eH H3 ceMeHa, 3a r i,y- 
6<me, TponiHe h Kpe*me 3eM^e ? a mmiey (Prunus do- 
mestica), npoH3BeAeHy B3 ceaieHa, B3 r i,aHaKa h.ih Ha- 
rpraiteM, 3a x.ia/LHHJe no^oasaje h 36M;Le cbhx Bpcra. 
^ecTO ce 3a no^ory ynoTpefijLaBa h inAHBa iiH()opa 
St. Julien. 

Opaxa: opax, npoH3Be^eH H3 ceMeHa. 

/Ipena: dpen, npoH3BeA6H H3 ceMeHa. 

JLecue: o6uuuy Jiecny (Corylus avellana), npo- 
H3Be/i,eHy 13 ceMeHa h.ih H3 no.ioaraHiia. 

KecTeua : necTeu, npoH3Be£eH H3 ceMeHa, h u,ep, 
(Quercus cerris). IIpoTa r. Bnka IIoiiOBHh m Jeate- 
bhug (cp. TpBaBCKH, 0Kp v . pyAHH^Kor) npBH je y mic 
/i,oniao ua Macao, /ia npnca/jH KecTen (hhtomh) Ha Hep, 
na je to ca ycnexoM h n3Beo. Kano y Hac HMa ^ocra 
Mjia^e nepoBe rope, ua kojoj ce KecTeH .leno npniia, to 
dncMO OBy BoLity momh h Ha OBaj Ha^HH 3Harao paa- 

MHOffiHTH. 

AyA a: 6&mi AV A ^ npoH3Be4eH H3 ceMeHa. 

Cjuome: cbo BpcTe CMOKaBa; Hy to ce pefye BpniH, 
jep ce 6p3o A0.ia3H #o poaa h Ka^ ce CMOKBa pa3Miio- 
acaBa no.ioffiHHnaMa, HarpTaiteM h pesiiHHaMa. 

Ozpo3a u pu6ii3Jie: otcyTy pu6-u3Jiy (Ribes au- 
reum), v/pny pu6u3Jiy (Eibes nigrum), npoH3B6AeHe 
H3 ceMeHa, h^h jom 6o^.e, Ka^ ce pa3MH03Ke pe3BHuaMa. 
Orpo3 y HaJHOBHJe 406a npncal?yje ce c Haj6oAHM ycnexoM 
Ha ApeeuacTu ozpo3 (Ribes uva crispa arborea). 

IIpHca^HBaTH ce Moase Ha homo3h cBane CTapocTH 
h CBaKe BHCHHe, caMO npn tom r rpe6a na3HTH, ,4a 6yAy 
cacBHM 3^paBe, CHaatHe, c npaBH.iflHM KopeHOM (upaH- 



nPHCA-BflBAlbE 151 



AJ com), rj. m HMajy Aom 11 ,ioopo pa.3BHJeHnx SHJia; 

na opeceRy Ba&a r ^a cy (taie, Kopa Tpetfa #a ce 

.i.aiiiTii ii ,\a na Bboj Sena vp&a; .niKa n ,/jpBO He Ba&a ^a 

ej sytoaete 6oje BeK ue.u\ u He Tpe(5a Aa na amia naia 

Apyrax SHSKOBa ceM ro,un"iMix npcTenoBa. Ha obo SHaKe 

Tpe6a Aotfpo npHna3HTH, jep je HCKycTBOM ^OKasaHo, #a 

y ciyiajy, iko na sopi ma saKBHX Mp&a, h aKO cy 

^pBO h .111 k a sytaacro 6oje, TaKBa M-ia^ana HHje 3/jpaBa, 

qecTo CBOjy 6o.ie< ;t nose npeHeTH h Ha can npn- 

A i;a,i, co xohe npucafyiiBaTH nyno.LKOM (o^eiteM), 

oiua M.ia/uiua Tpetfa ,\a je joni h y nynoM coKy, #a 

►pa jiaKO oviyu.i.yje. 

i ce npncafyyje biijokom, OH^a je noipedHO npe- 
spaTRi no,uory na MecTy, r^e ce irqae npHca^HBaTH. 
Dpi toi Tpetfa naaiTi ^a ce npeKpaknBaite cBaitaA 
ii.tHpiiiii raKO, f \s, Ha HOM03H ocTaHe je^aH nyno.fcaK 
i MecTy r,je he ce npnca^HBaTH. H3 OBor nyno.fcKa 
pasBita ce M^a^ap, kojh k hphboahth xpany 11 pu- 
na kh,\ H3pacTe 3a 8 — 10 cm., OH^a ra ckph>hth 
(raHCOBara), a AOiJHEJe h cacBHM yooHHTH — olefin. 
6. H36op, ^yBaH>e h npeHoc BzjoKa sa npo- 
^eTae npHcai/HBaae. Biijoity Ba npo.ieTH>e npeca|HBase 
Tpetia oAcetiH c BohKe y 406a upoBa&a, a to jo 04 
itfpa ao wapia. Y ooipihiim iipii.iin.\'iMa, to cy caxo 
iijioiii.iuro,i,iiiiiH,H ^eTopacTH (jeAKoroAHm&e rpane). llj)ii 
nf.y BHJOKa lui.i.a n Mam ua y.\iy, ,i,a c npoyioha 
iiajiijn' Kpefcy wgoge, saran rpeurati n ocTaae Bomry- 

HUiit'. na 0HA8 i.-pyniKa 11 najiKMMo j;iu\i:;i. T6 ffpeiM 
y.ircinif. 1.1 ft OBaj |»a .1. innpimi ape Kporan.a 

Bol BHJ0K6, Mopajy ce oajih- 

!i cBoa oho im'ooiiiuimm, Koje ce ipaaeoA m.wuhx 

BOtaKft. <M i;p--i;.i.ai',n\ n ($OJ166ma BOhaKa, n aapOTOTQ 



152 BOUKE H BOTIE 



oa ohhx, Koje 6o.iyjy oa paita, He Tpetfa HHKaKo ysHiraTH 
rpaHHHue, jep he h upncaA 6hth Kpa^aB h 6oAemjbm, 
a hcto TaKO, Kao hjto ce n no ce6n pa3yne, He Tpe6a 
y3HMRTH BHJOKe hh oa ohhx copaTa, hhjh poA Heia 
6or 3Ha KaKBe Bpe^HOCTH. TpaHHHi^e Tpe6a #a cy 3ApaBe, 
Aa cy c BOhaKa 6yJHor pacTa h Taoe hhjh je poA 
npH3HaTe BpeAHOCTH. 

Haj6o^>e cy OHe rpaHHnije, Koje cy npeMa cyHHj 
h Ha KOJHMa Hena poAHnx nyno/LaKa. C Tora, hito cy 
jeAHoroAHinibe rpaHe c bhcokhx BOhaKa qecTO nyTa Aocxa 
Kpaci»aBe, MHorn pa^n AOf)HBaH»a hito 6oahx rpaHHnna 
noABiKy BOBKe y rpaAHHH y o6.iHKy nnpaMHAa, na OBe, 
nopeA Tora hito Aajy no r rpeC)He rpaHHHne 3a HaBpTaae, 
cayate jom h 3a copthmchtckh BOhH,aK. BnjoKe oa 6pe- 
cana h KajcHj'a ne Tpe6a Aa fiMajy hbcthhx nyno^aEa h.ih 
Aa hx HMa Bp^o Ma.ao, a Taoe ce Mory HahH caaio Ha 
M^a^HM BOBKaMa ; TpenmeBe BnjoKe Haj6o^e je y3eTH ca 
BOhaKa, Koje cy npe 2 — 3 roAnne. 

H aKO ce BHJOKe Mory cehH oa HOBeiadpa j\o Mapia, 
nnaK ce ysHMa, Aa hx je Haj6o^,e cetiH y jaHyapy h 
oedpyapy, jep ce, y to A<>6a OAce^eire, Haj^aKme ny- 
Bajy. Hy, Aa ak tie ce bhjokc cehH paHHJe hah aoh,- 

HHJe, TO 3aBHCH OA KAHMaTCKHX HpHJlHKa ; TJ. y KOAHKO 

BereTanHJa noHHH>e paHHJe, h y koahko je Beta 3e6n.a, 
Aa he BHJOKe npeKO 3HMe H3Mp3HyTH, y toahko hx cehH 
paHHJe. CBe BnjoKe, Koje he ce nyBaTH 3a HeKO^HKO HeAe^ba 
ear 3a HeKO^iHKO Mecena, Mopajy ce, Kao hito je HaBeAeHO, 
ceiiH y Ao6a MnpoBaaa coKOBa, a OHe, Koje he ce ycKopo 
npncaAHTH, Mory ce cehH y Ao6a oa nynoAHH Ha6y6pe. 
IIpeKO 3HMe OAceneHe BHJOKe Mory ce CBesKe, aKO 
ce Kao hito Tpe6a nyBajy, OApataTH 3a BHHie Mecena. 
^yBaae je Bp^io npocTO : Tpe6a hx 3a6ocTH (3apoBHTn) 
y 3eMAy eae necaK 3a 10 cm. eae hm caMO aoh>h ago 



nPITCA'BHBAtbE 153 



DOSpHTl 36XA0M. .V Ko.illKo C6 rpail'lllil/ Ml ,\\,\^ ii|)c\ic 

MOpajy my nam. y tojihko ce Kopajy (5o&e (,iy<u.<>) 3a- 
pOBKTH (yTpaiiiiTii). y son <'.iyiajy 11 iiecTO Kopa 6hth 
x.ia^mije u ocoJHffje. 

■ je^ne ii Hde copTe HJia iiOBHine rpaipniua. 
oiua Tpe6a ,v> 20 Kona^a noB63aTH A0.ie 11 npn Bpxy 
y nioinih; a ano je mime KOMa^a, OH^a hx ne Tpetia 
Be3HBa'rn y choiiiiIi. jep y ron c.iyqajy He mo;i;» i ;;oM.i.a 
ii.ui necajs ,\a sa|e iraie^y rpatmnua, to ce 0Be 3<Sor 
Tora .lano ncyrayjy b> .lano cipa^ajy 04 upaaeBa h 
Apyrix nueTHiix v'nmaja. 

A 1:0 66 ;i;e.ie ynoied.BaBaTH rpanmine pa3Hnx co- 
paia nojeABHue h no noTpeou, OH^a je Hajoo^e CBaicy 
copTj TpainiTH y pe^OBe, a pe^OBe o6e.ie;KHTii, ^a 
i. ►iiHiij'e 3Ha copra kojom 6e npnca^yje. 

jieje, jroje cy y3 3B^ eae y3 orpa^y h npeaia ce- 
-e cy 3a qyBaite BiijoKa ; a aKO hc 6h 6hao 
raKHJ OH^a i'.a.i,a bhjok6 notfocTH caocoJHe crpaiie 

ApBela 11 BobaKa, 11.111 y ^eje, Koje cy y cio6oah. L IyBau>e 
liHJoKii y necKy y BOApyiiy, n.iu y o r vyaMa, y Kojnua re 
H6 ipsae, rpetia hjiwhth caiio y no hcboah, jep je HCKy- 
: ,i')Ka:jajHi, r i,;i cy TaKBe BHJOKe npe.ua aT.uoc<i>ep- 
ckhm ynmajma, a BapouTO npeMa cbotjiocth, Ba3^yxy 
11 iohaotk, HHoro ocffL&HBige oa BBJoKe, Koje cy uy- 
aaifl aa noMeHyre sauHO, a ocei tora, na-nm uecTBua, 
rpan wim*^ BaJBime CTpa^ajy h o,\ nanoBa 11 nmneBa. 

I.'.i.i C€ BBJOKe yijiane y c/io(5oah, Ofl^a n.\ ipetfa 
DOKpm <m;imom. 11. in join 60M cm|>'I(;hiim rpanaun, aKO 
nx ma ii|»n (»yii,ii. 

Hn M'uc.'T.i.iii'.iix BoLasa, mi|>. <>a jatfyBa 

11 KpjflUU i.r.i.HM iMinianiMa, \\\y \M\.\- 

iw nuna ii«-ii<u. I'*" II,., o,nia\ H0(50CTH \ ii'M.i.y 

ICI104 i;j otoe 11 T] '■: 10 ynoTpe* 



154 BOUKE H BOUE 



Ako ce npa^MKOM ynoTpe6e BHJOKa npnieTH, 4a 
cy ce HemTO cacynme, OH^a hx ne r rpe6a noTanaiH 
y BOAy, BeL yTpannTH y B^asKHy 3eM^y, && ce Ha Taj 
na i iHH nocTynHO OBjiaate. 

Ako ce BHJOKe ate^e HeKyA nociaTH, OH^a hx Tpe6a 

IHTO 6oJbQ o6.10JKHTH HaBJiaffieHOM MaXOBHHOM H 3aTHM 

nocaaTH. Ko npHMH TaKBe rpaHHHije, Tpe6a npe yno- 
Tpe6e A a HX 03 AO hohobo Ma.10 3acene (npeKpaTH) h 
3aTHM yTpann y B-iaamy 3eM^y, h Ty hx nyBa ao yno r rpe6e. 

3a caMO npHcair>HBaH>e BHjoKy Ba^a y^ecHTH r raKO ? 
Aa Ha aoj He 6y^e naae oa 2, hh Bnme oa 3 OKa, 
H3y3eBniH cano c/iynajeBe, KaA ce npHcafyHBaaeM moae 
ycKopHTH nopacr, Tj. KaA ce 3a BHJOKy y3Me rpaHa ear 
h ne./ia KpyHa; HaJHHM nyno^aK r rpe6a a& 6yAe no 
cpeAHHH Be3e, jep ce y tom c/iy i iajy npncaA iioate 
npHMHTH h OHAa, KaA ce ocyme 06a ropita nyno&Ka, 
hjih, Kao hito je HaBeAeHO, a& M.iaAap, kojh H36nje 
H3 Tor nynoyBKa, nociyatH nojanaBaity auaAapa kojh 
(m 6ho H3HaA aera. 

7. H36op, ^yBaae h npeHoc BHJOKa 3a ^eTH>e h 
jeoeae npHcai)HBaH>e. H npn H36opy BnjoKa 3a obo 
npHca^HBaH>e Tpe6a na3HTH a& ce OHe y3My ca 3ApaBHX 
BOhana; a oa HaBeAeHHX rpaHHHna pa3ABKyjy ce OBe 
BHJOKe y TOMe, hito ce OBe OAMax ynoTpeCkaBajy, hhm 
ce OAceKy. 

Ca OAceneHHX rpaHnnna Tpe6a yooHHTH .unntie, 
Hy TaKO, A a ocTaHe CKopo He.aa nexe^Ka, eae oa OBe 
6ap Benn A^o; jep KaA ce to He 6h yHHHH.10, OHAa 6h 
Kpo3 ^Hnihe HCiiapn^H cokobh hs rpaHHHue, ycaeA nera 
6h ce rpaHHHna mccthmahho cacymH^a, na m (m mMAti 
3a npnca^HBaH>e. 

Ako ce He 6h momo npncal)HBaTH y pony oa 3 
naca no OAceuaiBy BHJOKa, OHAa je noTpe^HO a& hm ce 



ITPnC.VBHBAH>E 155 



AOKi ,i» l o noionn y cyA c boaom 3a 5 — 7 cm., isae 

:,II BaBjiaXeHOM MaXOBlllloM, TpUBOM, KpiIOM, EAE HX 

in y KpOMmp, jatfysy, u.unvi jit,i,. : a hko ce hh 

HOCjIC ll;ii:»M'Mlor BpeieHa no 6h MOI7LO HpHCafylBaTH, 

OHfta ua.i.a a a nx oAHeceno y no^pysi eae Ha KaKBO 
x.uuho MecTO, h Ty ce Mory qyBaTH 40 ocan AaHa, na a& 
mas f>\,\x Ao6pe 3a npncal;HBaH>e. 

• <»iiu\ Bobasa, Koje aohhc Tepajy, qedo bh- 
joKe He Mory noniyHO r ;a y3py ao /\o6a, KaA Tpe6a 
H3BpmnTn npHcafynBa&e, na, 4a 6e ce y TaKHM npn- 
.niKa.Ma iiMTiioMor.il » caupeBaite ^pBOTa, Tpe6a hm Ha 
8 — 10 A*Ha npe, Hero he ce oAcetin, 3aKHHVTH Bp- 
xoBe, &a ce Time naBpaTe cokobh y OKna, h TaKO hito 
npe 1 iiito 6oA>e> pa3Bnjy, a c H>HMa h a^ Apso CTaiue 
M npiicatjHBafte. 

CyBHniHa BAara yah BHJOKaMa, a pn mm e oa 

AOBO&ho Bjiare; na 3aT0 hm y Be^e Tpetfa CKHHyTH 

B^axHH OMOTaq, eae hx, aKO cy noTon^eHe y BO^y, 

lira 19 B0A6 11 OCTaBHTB 11 x TaKO ^a npeHone. 

Obo iiapo'iirro lie rpeoa npeBlA6Tl koa BHJOKa KOfflTy- 

innia. a HapoqHTO oa tfpecaKa, Kajcnja e r rpeniaH>a. 

A cm je sopa y BHJOKa 36or ocKyAHije y B.ia3H Ha 

Bime Ka&e iiaoopirra, OH^a hx Tpe6a npe yno- 

Tpe6e ApsaTH hcko^hko vacoBa noA boaom, aok Kopa 

e HopMa.ian ii:!i.it',i,. A 1:0 ce to He ypaAH, OHAa 

M uiijoKe ycKopo ocyme h He Mory ce npiiMimi. 

BTK6 llpii<'al;iii',;iii.c Tpcna C BHJ0K8 iiccl.n nynoyi.KO, 
:f.<- yn.»T|M'u.i i; ii:;i ic BHJ0K8 i;ao 11 ;ja npOJieTfte. 

Ilyn nose }.;»ni e Hp\;i. ca cpe^iHe eae 

.••I A«.ia BHJOKHHa, jep je TO CaCBHI GB6J6AH0. A .ia 

rfijj jinn 6oab oKna .:;i u'lcii.*'. rpetfa bm, Rao nro 

J6 ii;i|',»m,»'Hu. ;:;ii;[in\Tll BpXOBC list B6KOJ1IK0 .i.'ilia \]\n\\ 

npieafyna&o. 



156 BOH.KE H BOUE 



Ako jc uoTpe^HO, 4a ce OAce*ieiie BnjoKe r^e roA 
nouijLy, OH^a hx, hoihto ce c h>hx yiuoiiH ./innine Ha 
noMeHyTH Ha^HH, Ba;La yBe3aTH y CHonEH, n OiMOTaTH 
ra A Ba AO Tpa nyTa xaprajoM 3a naKOBaite, na aaTHM 

CBeatOM H yMepeHO BJLaXHOM MaXOBHHOM H XapTHJOM. 

Xapmja, y Kojy cy yBnjeHe BnjoKe, He ^a ^a 40 h»hx 
Aonpe cvBHnraa B^ara, na ce 3a r ro, cnaKOBaHe Ha Taj 
HannH, Mory o^yBara 3a 7 — 8 Aana. ()Haj, kojh npiMa 
OBaj 3aBoj ? Tpe6a cBaKy BnjoKy ^a npeKpara y AOH>eM 
Ae.ay h 4a hx hotohh y Bo^y, y kojoj Ba&a A a npe- 
CTOJe je^Hy hoh, na hx 3aTHM ynoTpedn. 

Ako ce BnjoKe aie^ie HeKyA A^ieKO nocaaTH, oH^a, 
Kao hito Aynac maul, Tpe6a y3eiH KaKBO noAyrae h 
noAeCke ciaoo, na ra hito 6ojbv mm/iaacHTH boaom h 

HO TOM BHJOKe CHyCTHTH HaSt.fcHBO y CTaOO, 3aTB0pHTH 

ra 3anynia^eM, 3aneHaTHTH h cnaKOBaTH y caH^yne, Ha- 
nyneHO CTpyroTHHana, ciaMOM, xaprnjoiu hta. OHaj, 
kojh npHMH OBe BnjoKe, Tpe6a CTaEJio 4a pastraje, aKO 
npHMeTH 4a je noTese H3Ba^HTH hx H3 H»era, na 3aTHM 
CBaKy, Kao h y npe.4H.eM c/iyqajy, 4a no^ce^e, hotohh 
y BOAy h ynoTpedn HaJAa^e noc/ie hcko^hko qacoBa. 

8. Oahoc H3Met>y no^ore h Bujoiee. IIpHqa 
ce, a y mhothm KHHraMa dam ce h napoHHTO npeno- 
pyqyje: a& BnjoKy Tpe6a y36TH oa ohhx copaTa, Koje 
AOHHHJe Kpeny 04 noA-iore, jep aKO ce npoTHBHO ypa^n, 
OH^a, Be^e, BHJOKa, hohito He iioate ao6hth oa noA-iore 
noTpedHy xpaHy, He HanpeAyje Kao hito Tpe6a, na h 
cacBHM nponaAHe. 

Ha npBH noivieA OBaKO TBp^ene H3MeAa yniecHO, h 
3aTO HHje nyAHOBaTO, ihto ce *oa ohhx, kojh ce Ma.10 
ocBpky Ha npaKcy, TaKO peBHOCHO noraoMasKe h y CBe r r 
nyniTa. H 6am 3aT0, hito je OBaKO TBp^eae y ochobh 
norpemHO, cacBHM je Ha cBOMe MecTy, a& ra nodnjeMO. 



ni'iiCAiJiii'.Aii.i: 157 



Cbh ohh. Birae laae, noAjeAHaso Be.ie: ^a ce 
ca ycnexoi nose npncatjiiBUTn ra.uo oho r i,pBefie n mn6.be, 
Koje je no moitIk-tby no.ije.uiaKora. pacTa. H to TBp^e 
6e3 noMiim.baH>a na to, ,\a. in\ r \ on TaKO uito h y CTBapn 
nocroja.io. B€ uucmo niiKaKO Mor.io 3a noA-iore y3ein hh 
M.ia.unu' DpoH3B6A6H6 n3 co.M<Mia, a join Maibe noA-iore oa 
.ivH.a. xo.iaii.ifKt' jariyice, neipoBaue ja6yKe, m^HBe hta., 

ce OHe pa&WKjjy no CBOMe nopacTy, oahocho Kpe- 
Tafby GOKOBa c bhjokom, n Tano 6hcmo, Kao uito ce 
Bu r ur. uiun y HeMorytiHOCTH, &a nohKe r-ajnno c KaKBUM 
yenexoi. 

nrro je no3HaTO, Ay«>e Kpeny MHoro pamije 

oa KpymaKa. a iieTpona'ia jaoyi;a Ta-Kofye MHoro pannje 

OA HaJBdber tipoja u3Bpcnnx n irpynimx copiiTa ja6yi;a, 

npascH iinje DOKasiua KSKBa yoq.bHBa pa3AHKa 

y no] mo aKo je 3en&a noAecHa sa one noA-/iore, 

racy que oniTehene (MpaseBiraa, MnmeBHMa, poB- 
hhm;i uto iniajy ,i,ocTa n Ao6pnx atn^a n aKO 

cj noea^eHC y cBoje Bpexe h &ao nrro Tpe6a. 

lei i! (peexBO, BapoiiTO li'ajcnje, KpeKy na 4 

W pannje oa m.bHBe, na ce 3aT0 nnaK m.bnBa naj- 
pa,\HJ»' v.;iim;i .::i ir*M.i<n y CB&m OBHM BOhKaMa, iiapo- 
«TO y x.ia.umjn.M Mernnia, a to ce, no namueno.u 

TBpVMf.y. lit' tfl 6H6JI0 y'llIIIMTII. 

ii i:a i, uii ii.»m«'iivt<im TBj)^en>y inia.10 
. OHO C6 UKAKO He on HOMO B8B6CTI y npai.vii 

bi c rora, nrro Bije norytao npoHBBeoni oa ihmiojihko 

loimr i:pi'|,v, tiujii;u fipoj uo.viora gfl CBO- 

Kojuue copre, u into h y ••.lyiajv, KaA tarae copte 

ptSHHOSSBaMO 66M6HOH, BHCMO lloy.:,l,anu, r \n be II Ilpo- 

M.mi.iiiit' hoto teko .loiiiit' wpcTMTii : jep ce 

Una, Kao nrro ce HCKyCTBOl TBpAH, ,V»o"ja ii iinj- 

i-.t'liii 6po . Koje pano i;pctiv. 



J 58 BO'KKE H BOTIE 



IIpaKca, Kao ihto ce bhah, nodnja caBHM HaBeAeHO 
TBp^eite ; a a& oho y hcthhh HeMa HHKaoe BpeAHOCTH, 
6nhe aobo&ho, aKO ce h OB^e no30B6MO Ha Tomea. Oh 
b6ah: „Ja npMca^yjeM mip. copTe jadyKa Ha npBe 
Ao6pe no^ore ja6yo, h copTe KpyuiaKa Ha npBe Ba- 
AaHe copTe KpyuiaKa, 6e3 o63npa Ha to, a& ah one 
Kpeky paHHJe, AOHHije hah y hcto Bpeine KaA h bh- 
joKa, e 3a ABa/i,eceT h hcko^hko roAHHa, KaKO raKO 
pa,a,HM, y MeHe Hnje 6eao HenoBO^Ha ycnexa." 

9. BpeMe npEcai)HBaH>a. IIpHcaijHBaike Moate ce 
npeAy3eTH h ca ycnexoM BpuiHTH npeKO He./ie roAHHe, 
AaKJie y CBa ueTnpn roAHin&a BpeineHa, a.iH cy nnaK 
HaJBHnie y npnineHH upoAerwe upucatfuecme h jieTne 
upucafaecme. 3hmh, c npowieka h c jecenn npncaijyje 
ce bhjokom, a Asm OKueM (nyno^KOM). 

3a npHcal)HBaH>e upujby6jbue<meM h upucafjuecme 
eiijoKOM qeKa ce KaA KpeHy cokobh (KaA otouah), a to 
npeMa TOMe a& ah tohah a^hh HacTynajy paHHJe hah 
AOHHHJe, naAa y MapTy, anpnAy hah Majy. KpeTaae 
coKOBa (Ayueite KaMtjnjyMa) Bpnra ce oa T iecTH, Kao iuto 
je noineHyTO, it KaA je HHata TOHAOTa, Te je 3aTO h 
MorytiHO A^ ce BOhKe npncai^yjy h AOHHHJe, y snuy, jep 
36or Tor Ayqeaa coKOBa BHJOKa npnoHe 3a MAaAHijy, a 
AOHHHJe, KaA ce nojaBH Me3rpa, n cacBHM cpacTy. 

rEpHcai}HBaH>e OKHHMa, TaKO 3BaHO ouerbe, Bpmn 
ce y Ao6a BereTaiinje (nopacTa) BOhaKa, a to je oa 
aiaja ao cenTejidpa. 

Jeceite npHca^HBaae Bpiua ce y aBrycTy; Hy oho 
je MaAO y npHMeHH, Ma a& 6h 6hao nocBe kophcho 3a 
Tpeniae, m^HBe, Kpynwe, jadyKe h Apyre BOHKe, jep 
BOhap y to A*)6a HeMa toahko nocAa, Kao y npo- 
AeLe; a h HHaue, obo je npHcai?HBaH,e hcto TaKO 
Ao6po Kao h npoAeme, oa Kojer ce pa3AHKyje jeAHHo 



nPHOA'EHBAtt>E 159 

y TOMe, hito ce BHJOKa, Koja Tpetfa Aa je norayHO 3pe^a, 

. nao ii K04 ouen.a. ynoTpetfnTH o,pax uum ce o^ceqe. 

y noiinje ,i<iu;i jaii-o ce n,eHH sumcko upticafju- 

<»ra, hito na^a y 406a, Ka# HMaMo HaJMan>e 

li'H-.ia. hito He ciaje ciivuo, hito ce Moate H3BpmnTH c 

b&om oaxftOM Hero koa Apynn naqnHa, 36or nera ce 

yii«)T|.t'uiiTn n HeBemTHjH paAHnnn, h nrro-ce n>HMe 
n-'.v'imi HMJ'M.i.a ii«»,v\ia pa^a. Tora pa^n r rpe6a 

• nn, Kao hito je naBe^eHO, HCKonain CBe JoaAnne 

i'TM.ia. YTpannTii ux ua noAecno Mecro, na hx 
wm OA jauyapa AO iapT& upiica^HTH — Hajo6n*jHnje 
cnajaaeM. \ K d r \ ce Bpnin y co6n (rah CTaoeuoj danrm), 
na ce 3aT0 obo npiicaijiiBa&e 30Be necro join h co67be, 
a c Tora, niTO n no^ory n BujoKy MOJceno y pynn no 
boab OKperara, 30Be ce jom n apuca^ueawe 113 pyne. 

1 -e obo npnca^HBan»e Bpmn y cio6oah, OH,a,a je ycnex 
o(hmHO ho&ob ».i.aii. jep BiijoKe Mory HSMpsnyrn, na necro 
11 cacBii nponacTH. 

B je najyi,eciiiije r i,o6a aa H3Bol)en>e nojeAinmx 
Ha'iiina. noMeHyro je y omicy tux Hamraa, a OB/i,e Ha- 
DOHDteMO CftMO TO, ,i,;i j< 1 3a iipin'aljiii'.aii.e najiiOBOAHHJe, 
bxo r.pt'Mf. 11 .uje6oA6KaA je Aan Ton./iHJH, 
Hero k;i,i je \.i;i,i,aii 11 khiiiobiit. Bpe^no je cnoneHyTH 
jom 11 t<>, i,;i je ycnex SHaTHO aohut, aRO ce iipn- 
ca^jje hctof npojieha, i;a,i, ce ca^e 11 KdaAHtf H pa- 

•. Bero i;;i,i ce upeAjSHiia Apyror npo.ieha, a&rag 
jeAHe roAifle, j< i p y npBOi riiyqaj; imonjaj y oaa- 

oiijn M.ia,tapn. n;i B 11 npjira.ui .1011111. 

10. Ha kom ce MecTy Bokice npucaijyjy. Botac 

opHca^iBaTi y tcpyuu, tj. y bicihs oa 1*40 

AO 1*70 1., 11 upu seMJbu, tj. y bhchhb oa 10—15 cm. 

IIpiir;il,i!i!;iii,t' y ////////// if j m»ii < » | ► \ m \ j<* CC ML KO- 

iiit\ii. repajj cHasan .M.ia.inp, re ce t*ko 



160 BOivKE H BOUE 



o# noMore ^odnja w6ao, a 'o/i, BHJOKe KpyHa. HeKH 
Ha OBaj iia^HH npnca^yjy h ja6yice h KpyinKe, Ka^ hx 

mAQ CaAHTH Ha BHCOKHM, X^aAHHM E BeTpOBHTHM M6- 

CTHMa ; a npncafyyjy hx Ha ro^HHy ^aHa nocie capita 
M^nua Ha thm MecTHMa. 

Ilpn 3eMJbu npnca^yjy ce odn^HO jady^HHue, c 
Tora hito ce H3 npHca^OBy M^a^apa ^odnja npaBHJe 
h Bete a,q6ao Hero hb M.iaAHH,a ; a Ha OBaj HaqnH npn- 
ca tyjy ce qecTO h KOiHTyHHne, Ka^ ce ffie.ie raJHTH y 
o6^HKy Kpawbyma (hhckhx Botaua). Koa H3BecHnx co- 
paTa Koje cnopo pacTy, ^a 6e ce ao6h.io hito npaBHJe 
Aetfjio, BpmH ce jom e A6ozy6o upiicafyuecme eae upn- 
catfueaibe na upucafi, y kom ce ciyqajy npncafyyje 
Hajnpe npn zmA>E, a hotom, Ka# M^a^ap H3pacTe ko^hko 
r rpe6a, Ha MecTy, r^e ce KpyHa ace.in pa3BHTH. 

11. Opyt^a 3a npncai)HBaE>e. 3a npHcafjHBaite nnje 
noTpe()HO MHoro opyt?a ; 3a h> je aobojbho aKO HMasio : 
eoRapcKu mote, mow sa cuajoTbe, noofc 3a onetbe, 
mowutce e TecTepmiy. 

BoKapcKii uojfc (ca. 32) Tpe6a ^a je hito Benn, 
^a HMa ^odap pe3 e ^a He K.iaMMHe. A caymn : 3a npe- 
KpatiHBaH>e n pacii,en^,HBaH>e M^a^nx no^ora, 3a Kpecan>e 
h ope3oaH,e BoLaKa, sa ypaBH»HBaH>e TecTepaHnx npe- 
ceKa Ha BOHKaMa, 3a i iHuiheH>e paHa ht^. 3a pacnen- 
AHBaH,e crapHJHx no^ora y^emeH je Hapo^HTH Hoac 
(ci. 37), a 3a y^apaifce 03ro H/i,e ^ecTO y3a h, h #p- 
BeHa Ma^nna (ca. 38). 

Hoofc 3a cuajawe. 3a obo npnca^HBaae y3HMa ce 
Hajpa^HJe Meyzepoe hom (ci. 33), y Eor je pe3 TaHaK 
e npaB, a cajio no^HHa H3BnjeHa; a ,ao6ap je n 3a 
npHca^HBaBe Ha Bce^aE, Ma ,aa 3aT0 npncafyaBaH>e HMa 
h napowrnx cnpaBHua (ca. 39 h 40). 



nPJICA'BHBAILE 



6! 



I In ,ii Hi o'frthc. IImu Pa pa:uiPinTor oojIHK.i, i\avl 
ce najBinue UfiEE JLymcoe (ci. 34). aaTHM Rao iia c.i. 
35 ii KyuAeoe (&l 36). ( 1 Ba Tpn sosa HMajy iib- 

iuij«'H pes, a c.iy;i;e ia o^cenan»c BHJOKa, 3a Bal^eae OKana, 
31 iif»'nan»e Kope iia M.ia.jHUH h sa yMeiiiTaae OKaitfi ; 




;. Poneoi i:oi,:i p- c.i. 38. Men- Ca.84. Aysa- Cj. 86. 

CM BOX .V 1. repoi: BOS B8 COB BOH M Ho« BB 

CBBJBRO. oMCll.c o'lfii.c. 

ii 38 j»;i:;jaii.i,nBaii,»* KOpe npii.iiii.'o.M y.MeuiTaii.M OKaija 

Gjiysc i;<m, npBOi ii Apyror saKJUdneHa socxa c &o&e 
orpaee, a boa rpeLei qeJuiHi BosaT aa eynpoTHOJ 
erpami pi 

Hoon u " (iuwa»e) (cji. 18) ipe(Sa ,i<'' cj jaKe 

(pOI 'H'.iiii;;i. a ::;iiiiiii.;im;i i,;i je <M mijvn' ;i 

1 1 



162 



BOTIKE BOUE 



ne ofl WAmmix no-iyawma. YnoTpe6./BaBajy ce : 3a oa- 
cen,atf>e BnjoKa, 3a opesHBaite BokaKa Koje he ce npa- 
cal^RBaTH h aa npeKpahHBaite M^a^ua, aito HeMajy BHine 
y nperancy oj\ 2 — 3 cm.; saTHM 3a yoaiBaihc naTp.i.a, 
Tpn>a hta. 



; 





Ca. 36. C.i. 37. IIo;k 


Ca. 38. ,4pBeHa 


Ca. 39. Hoje 


Ca. 40. 


KyiiAeoB 3a uponeii. 


Mayr,Hn,a. 


3a npnca^ii- 


Hojk 3a 


ho;k 3a 




Baite Ha Hce- 


upaca- 


OHCfte. 




qaK. 


^HBafte 

na nce- 

iaK. 



TecTepima. Oa obmx Hajdo.te cy : Aynacoea 
(ci. 41) h rfuTMapoea (ca. 42) jep ce anaia .aaKO 
pa^u, a 3aBpTH>eM npi Bpxy Moate ce pe3 y,aecHTH Ha 
CBai:y CTpaHy, a Moate ce CBaKa^, h saTerHyra kojibko je to 
noxpe^HO. CayatH 3a npeKpafeHBaae w6jbnx no^ora n 3a 



nPIICATjIIBAHiE 



163 



YK.i;iH>aH>e cyBHx ^cjiobu. 9ecto ce yttOTpeCUaBa n lecrepe 
Kao Ha c.i. 44. n to sa cyBapKe h j\,e6jbe rpaHe. 

i'i;a una oj»yl)U rpeda no ynoTpeoii flotfpo ow/nrni, 
r Vi He pljajy. ii no Tpcoa nx iia Apyro ihto ynorpetf- 
a&bath : a i;a,i, ce mvryne, OH^a nx BBonrrpHTH, pa.ui 




•IH'I- 
llll 



G*. 42. 06H?HHJa 

; > 1 1 1 1. ; t c 110- 

Mil'IHHM pe30M. 



Ci. 43. IldiKiinc 



liii.i.a man i flotipe tfpyceBe (8a rocrepe Typinge), 

KOJl i;i.h»m ,i,ajy ii y:: ii;i hc. i,.'iin upvlji\ i:;i,i, Ce 

yi;yiinw iiauai'.n. 

L2. BoKapcKH BocaK. 3a npiea^HBa&e bijokon no- 

Tpetffl ce i r [ ► n » • ; t . i mum*' iipoMaa*^, tc ,\n cu tuko ".i- 

ii' 



164 



BCRKE H BOUE 



CTpaHH yTHuaj Ba3Ayxa, h y koahko obo Hcna^He 6ojlq 
3a pyKOM, y to.ihko je noy3/i,aHHJH h ycnex 04 npn- 
cat>HBan»a. 

3a OBaj hhjb ynoTped^aBa^ia ce pamije noHaj- 
BHDie csieca oa cmohhh.6 hah MHHe c necKOM h roBe- 
\)OM 6a^ieroM kojoj je AOiaBaHa TeAeka AyiaKa; a ia- 
Hac, Moate ce penn, 4a BokapcKora BOCKa 
HMa oa, toahko pyKy, koahko h Bokapa, 
h CBaKH je oa, h>hx AO^ap, aKO HOBp- 
niHHy Kojy noKpHBa qyBa oa, BAare h 
cyme, aKO ce na npHneHH He pacxana, 
aKO ce Ha xAaiHOHH He mp3He hah He 
nyna, h aKO je hito J6bthhhjh. 

06mm ce 3a roTOB^beae BOhapcKor 
BOCKa ynoTpeft&aBajy Kao r.iaiuin ca- 

CTOJHH: BOCaK, »'.M().l;i. KOJLO$OHHJa, i:(- 

BeHHJaHCKH (rycTii) repneraH, nnrapHT, 
Janeiro y.i»eii CBHttCKa nacT, Doped ,i,py- 
rax (ciioj)(\i,Hiix) cacTOJaKa, mi)), iiciio.ia. 
upi'.cnc :i( i M.i,c (oKepa) IIT,V 

BocaK je HajCo.a>H aiH n HajcKVJi.i.n 
cacTOJaK BotapcKor BOCKa, ji y kojihko 
ra iiMa liiimc, y to.ihko je 00.1,11 ii BO- 
hapcKB BocaK. TaKaB ce BocaK sa saj- 
Ay»e ,406a OAyirape senoro^aMa, jep ra 
j.Tima He cn-ia^e, He nyna; a Ka,i, je 
atera, He pacTana ce. 

Cmoacl 0,4 pa3Hiix leTHHapa, a Hapo- 
hhto CMpieBa ii jaiOBa, Taicoipe je ,10- 

6pa 3a BotapcKH BocaK, jep ce He pacrana n He nyna. 
KojKxfiouuja HMa TaKoije Bp„io A°6pa, jep ce BOHapcKH 

BocaK y KOMe je HMa He paciana mi na najjanoj BpyHHHH, 

a^.H je npn-inHHo CKyna. 

nciKMwa. Ka/i, je y BotapcKOM BOCKy upna uanAuna, 

OHia je BocaK Aeujhim n He paciana ce Ha cyimy; ;i.iii 

3a nopacT BOhana nnje Haj6o.zba. aieo je HMa MHoro — 




Cji. 44. 06nHHa 
py^Ha TecTepHn,a. 



nPHCA r BITBAIi>E 1 65 



BHffle 04 iio.iOBiine; tux je ocofoma u oejia uaKAuna, Koja 
J6 IUM11TO jeBTimiija. 

BenenujaucKu (zijctu) TepueuTun je Bp.io £o6ap 
cacTOJaK BohapcKor BOCKa, jep je Bocan i$p.io *ien.zbHB, He 
cTi;p,T,ih;iH;i ce, a li He pac'raiia ce na BpytiHHH. 

Aclhcho yj>e h ceuwcKd mcict Mehy ce y BOHapcwu 
BOcaK m (>\\\v .McKan 11 r i,a ne nyna; sum ano ce yno- 
ipetfe y Beloj ko.upihhh. napomiTO nacT, on^a sa npn- 
va,\ nory nirrn 11 nrreTHH, jep :;a.ia::e y he.uije, tc TaEO 
cnpe^aBajy cpaiiitiiiRaite iipnca^a. 

LLhwpuT ce A?A a J e BohapcKOM BOCKy, 4a ce He 
CTBpA&aBa 11 ^a ne nyu,a, a aeueo n onep (npBeHa seii^ba), 
r \a ce He pacTana na toimoth. 

BoLapcKH BOcaK Mone 6hth .pojaK: xjia^au h 
toooa. H3iiet)y jmornx Haqiraa cnpaB&aflba h x^a^Hor 
h TOiMor BokapcKora BOCKa npenopyqELeMO caMO HeKO- 
.ihko, kojh -ce ^aHac oiaTpajy 00 Haj6o£>H. 

XAa^an eoKapcKU eocan. Tome cnpaB^a BotapcKH 
BocaK TaKO Aa ce oh aiaace h c (Sojom Kope BokaKa, to 
3aT0 3a oBaj hha npenopyqyje ,pa x^a^Ha BOCKa, je^aH 
mj)ko-chb, a r jpyrn H.pBeHKacT. 

r ],a ce Ha^iiHii 1 Krp. Mpno-cueoz eofiapcnoz eocna, 
rpetia y.ictii: 830 rpaMa 'incTe jeAOBc 11.111 cMpieBe CMo.ie, 
1"> rpaMa iipnc naK.imie (Pech), 30 rpaMa .ioja, 35 rpaMa 
npocejasa iiciicia n 90 rpaMa imntpirra o,\. 00°. 

A ^a ce en pa is 11 1 Krp. upeeuKacToz eoflapcnoz eocna, 
BaAay36TH: 735 rpaMa racTejoioBe ii.m cMpieBe cmoio, 
LOO rpaMa upHe nair.iiiiie. 30 rpaMa aoja, 35 rpaMa ucTy- 

n.ana iipia'iia oKcpa 11 100 rpaMa miiiipirra OA 90°. 

H je r i,aH h Apyrn BocaK cnpaB^a Tome ob&ko: 

V sasBOM cyAJ nip. y raepneaH padonii sa yMe- 

peHOM oru>y oio^iy, naiMnny h jioj, npa 'leuy na3H, 

.i,a il.ia.Mi'H AMt€ CflMO AHO ('■Y.i.a, lia i:a,i C€ nicca |»«mc- 

tuiih , nenejia hah onepa a ihto tfo&e noma* 



166 BOTvKE H BOUE 



KaA ce neneo mh OKep Ao6po H3Memajy, cmie cyA 
ca orna, na, OA ce yno^ia oxa&j\r, cnna Ma.io no 
Ma^io rannpHTa n HenpecTaHo Mema. IHnnpHT npe Tora 
HeniTO y3M^a^H, a ^a to nocTHrHe, H3BaAH 3anyinan 
H3 CTaKAa, GTaE^o hotohh y cyA c x^a^HOM boaom, na 
npncTaBH Ha oran h HeKa 4a ce BO^a 3arpeje, a^in 
He tojihko a& h npoK^yqa. KaA oh ce ninnpnT ycyo 
x^ia^aH y CMecy, OH^a 6h 36or jaxor ncnapaBaaa cjieca 
Morula hckhhhth, na h a& onpatn jiHD,e Koje pa^H. Ako 
je CMeca x.iaAHa, OHAa ce 3rycHe, na ce tchiko Mema 
ca mnnpHTOJi, Te 6h 3aT0 CMecy Tpe6ajio hohobo pac- 
Tanara Ha oray h TeK OH/^a ycyTH ninipnTa. /l,a ce 
CMeca h npn Haj6o^.oj namn He 6e 3ana.iH./ia, A*>6po 
je HMaTH npn pynft 3aoonan, oa cy^a, hjlh BaaatHy 
Kpny, na cy.i, o^Max hok^ohhth, aKO ce CMeca 3anajin. 
KaA ce no tom CMeca ox^a^n, OH^a ce Moate bha6th, 
Aa ae je y aoboahoj Mepn Te^na hah HHJe. Ako je cy- 
BHnie rycTa, OH^a je Tpe6a hohobo paciouHTH na orn>y 
h AO/^aTH HemTO mnnpHTa, a aKo je peTKa, OH^a y 
ApyroM cy^y pacroniiTH Heuno oa ocra^nx caciojaKa 
(cMO.ie, naK^iHHe h aojh) h noMemaTH. KaA ce TaKO 
HOAecn BotapcKH BocaK, OHAa HHMe HanyHHTH cyA fl 3a- 
tbophth ra mfo 6om. 

Botap BimorpaAapcKO-BohapcKe uiKOJie y ByKOBy 
koa HeroTima r. A. Majepoeufi cnpaB^ba Bp.10 Ao6ap bo- 
RapcKii BocaK OBano : yaMe l / 2 KO./io<i»OHiije 11 V 2 BOCKa ji 
Ha no ce pacTomi, aaiiiM noMema KXUO<E»oHiijy H BocaK, 
HajLHJe ninnpHTa h Ao6po yMema. 

/%-p 0. *IyAu 11 A. IIIyATec XBa^ie Hapowro bo- 
HapcKH BocaK, Kojn cnpaBibajy OBaKO : y3My */ 2 Krp. cMO^ie, 
Kojy Ha acapy pacTone, 3aTHM ycny 100—150 rpaMa imra- 
pHTa h oko 30 rpana .laHeHa y.&a. BocaK OBaj, Baie, 
Tpe6a nyBaTH y Aoopo 3aTBopemiM cyAOBHMa, h aKO 
OTBpAHe, 3arpejaTii ra h aoa^tii m&io mnnpHTa. Ohh 



QPHCA'BHBAffcE 167 



lipase n OBaj Bocan: y3My 2 ,t,(m;i cmo.ic, 1 ^eo BOCKa, 

I , .i,ci;t xepneHTHHa n l 4 .icia iiacTH. Ckecy Ha.mjy 
boaom, na jo 3aTHM HSByny y nmnKe. ,/I,aceBocaK mojkc 
ynoTpouiiTii u KaA je x.ia^Ho BpeMe, A<wyy My h mu.io 
inniipiiTa. 

Toutui eoRapcKu eoean. Oa x^ia^Hor BokapcKor 
Bocna pa3AHKyje ce cano y TOMe, nrro ce cjigch He ao- 
Aaje mnnpHTa. H>HMe ce Heuno Teate pa^H, jep ce 
npn ynoTpetfn Mopa pacianaTH, a.o je #a.ieKO Tpajunjn 
<»A x.ia^Hor BOCKa, a y^ecaH je h 3a npeMasHBaae Beknx 
paHa Ha BotiKaMa. 

H 3a roTOB^seae OBor BOCKa Tome #aje ABa peneirra: 
3a MpKO-cue eocan Tpe6a y3eTH: 915 rpaMa HiiCTe 

CMp^eBe 11.111 je^ioBe CMO.ie, 15 rpaMa njme naKZLHHe, 30 

rpaMa .loja n 40 rpaMa npoccjaHa nene.m. 

3a upeeumcTu BOcaK: 830 rpaMa ^HCTe CMp'ieBe 

ii.ui jaiOBe CMO^ie, 100 rpaMa upire naiuime, 30 rpaMa 

.ioja 11 40 rpaMa ncnpauieHa npBeHa onepa. 

4,a ce HanpaBH je^aH hah Apyrn BocaK, Tpe6a itao 

II koa x^a^Hor BOCKa pacTOHHTH y noAecHOM cyAy Ha 
oraj npBa Tpn cacTOJKa (cMO-iy, naKAHHy h .ioj), na 
jarnM AO^aTH nene^a hjih upBena OKepa. Oa neae CMece 
3aMecH ce rpyABa, na ce oa OBe ysniia to^hko, ko.ihko 
je noTpe6HO 3a paA. A eo > R oJ H ke c ^ ynoTpednTH, Mopa 
ce iiajnpe pacronnTH, a 3a to HMa HapoqnTO yAemen 

15). IIpBo je cyA, y kojh ce Mele noTpe^Ha 
i.-o.uniHHa BoiiapcKa BOCKa, a 3a™i cyA, y kojh ce cnna 
boao; iicnoA OBora cyAa je mnnpHTHa aairaa. BocaK 
TjH'u;i paeromfH HenocpeAHO aa ojiaHeHy aaaine, tj. yoo- 
bhtb cyA c boaom, a* ee BOAa Barpeje. 36or sarpejaHc 
I'.ocai; .,; Ao6a 6y,i,<' t< m i;iii, reje rasp .iaKo 

H,HMe pa.uiTH. KaA ce noAecn BocaK, Aa lie 6yAe tOjIHKO 
x^aAaH, Aa ce &HM6 ire 6a moivio paAHTH, oHAa ce ,/iaMna 
yracH, h tok OHAa najin, KaA ce npHMeTH Aa je He- 



168 



BOUKE H BOUE 



no^ecaH 3a pa^. CyBHine tou/ium bockom Jioate ce onp- 
atHTH Kcpa h cnoAaraiBH c./ioj ApseTa, Te ycieA Tora 
Moate h npncaA 4a ce He npHMH ; a ano je x^aAaH, OHAa 
ce nope/i, Tora hito ce Teate npeHocn Ha npncaA, Tpomn 
jom h 3HaTHO Beta KO^iEHa. UpeMasHBaae npncaAa 
BpniH ce h koa OBor h koa XJiaAHor BOCKa neTKHHOM 

EAW JlOnaTHI^OM. 

^-p l IyAu 11 A. Illy at ec npaBe Tona.i Bd&apcKH 
BocaK OBaKO : y3My 7 A&iOBa 6c.ie naiwiHHe, 3 fl&ia u,pHe 




Ci. 45. ToraeoB cyA 3a pacTauaae Ton.ior BokapcKor 

BOCKa; AeCHH je cyA y upeceny, Aa ce h ynyTpamftocT 

Moate BHAeTH. 



naKJume, 4 a&ia CMOie, 1 ago BOCKa, J / 2 Ae.ia Macrn 11 
l / 2 Ae.ia TepiieHTiiHa. CMecy OBy, Kao 11 miBOAeiiy, pac- 
Tone h sanece oa ae rpyABy, na oa OBe ysicy nOTpetfHy 
KOJiH^HHy 3a paA h pacTOiie je Ha noneHyTH Hanim. 

13. IIpH6op 3a Be3HBaE,e npacaAa. Koa cbhx 
naHHHa npical)HBaH>a noipe6HO je, 4a ce npncaA HHMe 
yBeate. To ce hhhh c Tora j\a ce BHJOKa hito 6o&e 



IIPIICA lillllAll.i: 1 (')'.) 



yqepcTH sa no,uory, n r vi ce uefyy co6om 6o.Le 40,/jHpyjy 
noMora n uyoKa. 

II:;.Mel>Y CB Ko.MKOr HpHoOpa 3a Be3HBaH>e Haj- 

6o.mi je omij, Kojii ce 11a cynm He mnpn. a Ha x.ia.i- 
nohii 110 kviih. a npii tom uoace TpajaTH 6ap tojihko, 
AOK ce npHcaa npinin. 

'MiiKO je ,i,eo.i,a iio.viora. y tomko h Be3a 

a ,ia je rap^a 11 ja<ia, h oupaiHO C/iadnja, y ko- 

diiso .je inaiora Taiba. IIo TOMe, Be3e Mory 6hth Bp.10 

pasjunme n o,\ Bp.10 pa3.iHHHor 3iaTepHJa,ia. TaKO Hnp. 

Ka r i, ce cnajaH>eM npnca^yjy TanKe MJiaAHije, MHorn 

OMOTajj ii[)iira r T, iiaHT.i.iiKo.M (U xapraje, Koja je npe 

rora npeiasaHa BotapcKHi bockom, a necTo acTy xap- 

Tiijy ynorpetf&aBajy 11 k;u mie. Xapinja je #o6pa y 

toahkOj iiito ce npnnu lie Hopa ^peiHHTH ; ny MaHajoj 

roue, iiito ce y pa.ij .ienn 3a upcTe, na to npz- 

.111 'iho OTexaBa nocao. Ka.i, ce 5ih, oH^a ce Hajqemtie 

yi[MTj)Oo.i,an;ijy iiaMynm kohuh („9JA U ), Hy oa obhx 

h cy ByneHH c Tora, ihto yiuijajv uaH>e B^are. 

h ra.ie iia'iiiHe ii(iHcat)iiBaH,a npeuopyqyje ce 
BaJBmne parfhya (HCijenaHO .innitie o^ HeKe najiMe). 
.lm;a iiiije raKO 3roAHa, j< i p re, na,; ce objuukh, Kyira 
11a nose samso4llTH npirra,i,y. 3a r ro, kh,\ B6M8 
paMJe, (Jojm je ynoipe^HTH ByHene hah naMyqHe (rpy6o 
ynpe^eHe) KOHne, bo aukj. 

III. Mine. iian;ipni:i'. tfa^eii, narpraa i aerpoBiraa 

j;ioyi;a. iipii.ini;o\i o'lcii.a. B63yjj C€ nn'BapoM (Typlia 

latifolia L), kojh ce pa,i,u rora ,v» Beii&e ce^e y an- 

IOBHHB oi-yiiiii II .1.0 yii<>Tp«'oV w\r.a ] 

i. IIpc Mioipruc noTona ce y boaj, y sojoj rpetfa 

ia BOCTOJH OB TOCa. OBO je ftofop 11 najjVnTii- 

HHJn M;rn'juij;i.i. 



170 



130'RKE II ROUE 



x IecTo ce y3 Be3y ynoTped.LaBa h no kojh npyi, 
kojh ce yBeate mm a. npHca^a y BH/jy ayita, a a ninne 
He 6h na^a^ie ua npncaA h TaKo ra oqeH>aBa./ie (ci. 46), 





C.i. 46. AyK, kojhm CU. 47. JVLaaAapn, kojh cy aadiUH 
co uaiuaaa npncaA H3 BnjoKe, npnBesaHH :ta Ays kojhm 
oa nTiina. je npncaA samralieH o,\ nTnna. 

a AOHHHje ctokh jom h 3a npHBe3HBaH>e MJia^apa kojj 
H36njy H3 npnca^a (oa. 47). 







X 
PA3HH HAMHHH IIPHCAMBAftA BOTiAKA 



Hpica^HBaae BokaKa Jioace ce n3BpiuuTa y r.ian- 
HOMe mi pa ua^ina : zpawmttoM, Koja ce npeua mi- 
wiiny npiea^HBaBa o^ceua h.ih He, b uyuoJbKOM (oKi^eai); 
a caio n3Bo})eH»e npiicafyHBaita Moace ce MBpiiiHTii : upu- 
jby6jji"i(iH,' m, fi upoiteu, U04 nopy, cuajcmeM, one- 

zpamuuoM a oneneM uyuoJbnoM. 

1 . IIpHcaljHBaBe npH;&y6.foHBaE>eM — Ha npnnoj 
(a6^aKTHpaH>e). Obo je npnca^HBaH,e, Kao iiito je 11a- 
Be r ^eHO, noaHaTO join m najcTapnjer Bpeiiena, a y caaioj 

iwifui niajaif>e 11 cpamliHBafte fletf.ia, rpana, .aeTO- 

i 11. in \i.ia f i,apa c ,i,j»yniM AOAOBHXa BCTfl ii.in cpo^He 

BoLse. 1 1", i oboi 11 a 'in mi ne 0/T.ceua ce BHJona Kao y 

APJTHI iia'lima iipnral,]ii:aii,a, na C€ 3aT0 n K02I6 H3Bp- 
iiiirni II. in na rpanami BCT6 B0bK6 ii.UI cpo^HOM BOiiKOM 

(oAHoeHO ii.«'hiim rpaiia.Ma n AeropacTHiia), soja je y 
HenocpeAHOj 6abbbeb boIk6 Koja ce mqaw npucaAHTH. 

Ilpiicalyiiiian.t' OBO H0X6 66 Kplllimi Dp6K0 1(646 PO- 

J.inif. I iiajio'iiiTo y ,\oi1a Kpcniii,;! COKOBa, a to jo 0J[ 
■apn npii 'K'M\ ua.i.a oopaTiiiii na;i;n.y, ,i,a 66 



72 



BOUKE H 130TvE 



cpauihHBaite H3Bpnra npe Hero Hac/rynn x.iaAHoLa; jep 
aico HHJe Taj ciyyaj, OH^a Mory nponacra n BHJOKa 
h noMora, 

IIpH npnca^HBaifcy He Tpe6a yoaaaTH .iHiniie, aKO 
ce Ka^en y Ao6a oa HMa .inniha, Bet cano oho Koje 
CMe'ra, c Tora uito ce yoaitaiBeM ^nmLa ycnopaBa 
3apamtiHBaH)e. 

Cajio npHca^HBaite npe- 
AysHMa ce Ha BHiue Ha- 
qnHa : o6uhhum upujby6- 
jbueatbeM, Ha ucenan, Ha 
cmJiecKu umuu, cefim- 
ctum caajcmeM e oue%eM 
(nyno^bKOM h.ih rpaHqn- 
hom). 

(Jouhho upuJby6jbu- 
ecme (ci. 48 h 49). Y 
Hpo^ene, Ha KpaTKO Bpene 
npe Hero he KpeHyTH co- 
kobh, Tpe6a HoateM 3a 
o^ieite eae cnaja&e ckh- 
HyTH c no^ore A Kopy 
h HeniTO ApBeTa y Ay- 
oKhhh 3a 4 — 6 cm., oa a 
AO b, na y hctoj Ay^HHH 

%6^T H fflH P HHH cmE ^ m K °py 

o6hhhhm cna- H C BHJOK6 B, OA C A,0 d, 
jaaeM. H cno j HTH j e c nOA^OrOM, 

nasetiH npH tom a^ ce sace^eHH a^obh, hohito ce 
npacaA yBeate (e), no'rnyHO nooanajy. Ako ce npn- 
ca^yje y Ao6a KpeTan>a coKOBa, traje no'fpedno npncaA 
upeMa3HBaTH bockom; a aKO ce npncafyyje y Ao6a MHpo- 
Ban>a BoLaKa, OHAa BOcaK ipeda ynoxpednTH. 



B 

Ga. 48. A noA-ioFa, 
13 BHJoKa y4emena 
3a npH^yS^HBaae. 



HA*niHII QPHCA'BHBAFbA 



173 



d 



OBaj mi'iiiH npHca^HBa&a ynoTpe&kaBa ce sa paa- 
■HasaBaae opaxa 11 upiior ,\\,\n- Bapo^aro pa&H no- 

iiyH.aBaifwi Hapt\\nuaBiix I6CT8 mi rpaimia. y obom 
tMV'iajy ,uu<>bii. ttoji ciy;i;o sao Biijoiie, Mory oimi 
ApBeHaen I3pe.ui). a lory 6hth i scubacra (ae.ieHH). 
Aio iiMa Hiime Hape^naBHX Kern, OH&a ce M^a^ap 
raaacacro iipn.i.yoimi sa Bimie irecra (<\i. 59). 

/Ipt'.h'/n.hi'- 

eaibe HQ 
ki. 50). Ofl iia- 
Be^eHor HavHa 
pa.i.inKvje ce y 
. iinoce OB^e 
11a i;nj<»iui saeesj 
y naBeAeHOJ iv- 

mllHII ABC HOBp- 

HIIIIM* II'U \T.MM 

(d), a n«ai<»race 
npeii H3- 

. ii a ce no 
enoji BBJOKa 
t noAAoroM ii Be- 
ii;, (F). 

HOHUH (CA. •"> 1 I. 
II BIJOM II I 

66 sao H !.'«». I UpBOI ii;i'inii;i. ii;i C6 ::.rniu 

>ra paeaem osro (B), a bhjoje* osao (A), juwn 

[tiirii.'ii y panit'ii ii HpHni.i, yi;r;i,t'. 

H,i OBaj na'iiiii npica^yje ce aajpaAHJe ^oiata 

l\i.l.l! TOW II«»<';i,i,ii 66 6 Ilpo- 
.icliii nop< i<* copTf \ i;i.i,niin ::;i in m. n.ijiupana 



# 




►. II|»h.i.\.'..i>hi:;im.<- iia mc'iaic. 



174 



BCRKE H BOTVE 



aMepa^Ka cop'ra. Apyre roAnue opeacy. ce o6e AOde 40 
3eM^e h H3Mel>y aacTapa 3aapiKB ce na CBaKOj Haj.iennra, 
a ocTajiH ce yooHe. 3aTHM ce ./lacTapn y jyjiy Meceii,y 
iipB;Ly6e Ha noMeHyrn Ha^BH n to no MoryLcrBy iuto 
6aumq 3eMAH (ci. 52) m aesiAOM noKpnjy, a ^a 6h ce 



noTHOMorjio cpanmnBaite, 3a.iOMe ce n je^aH n Apyrn 
(ab). Ha OBaj Ha^HH 06a .leTopacTa cpacTy Bpjio 6p30, 





Gi. 51. npHJtyd^HBaite na .ihohckh HaiHH. 

TaKO fla. ce noMora ^onake copTe Moate yooHHTH jom 
HCTor JieTa. 

llpiiJbyOJbtiecme ce^jiacTUM caajcmeM. Ha OBaj 
Ha^HH npncafyyje ce otivmno crapiije *iOKoke no./iojKHK- 
nana ear o6jihjkh>om .io3om. BnjoKa 3ace*ie ce Rao n 
koa npBor naqnHa, Hy TaKO 4a je 3aceii, n,a,ylin 11a 
BHine, CBe ^yd^n, na ce .saTHM sapaBHH — ycene. IIoa- 



iTA'innn npiiCA-LiiBAtbA 



175 



jwra ce no toi npeKpimi. cnoju c bhjokom, ^o6po yBeace 
h ihtu rH..i,r npeiiase bockom (c*. 53). 

IIpit.bi/n.blftK/H.f (>>(<}<>> M (Cl. 54). Ob.IJ HllMllll 

ii|»n<-al)in;ai[.a jnOTpeti&aBa ce iior.i;iiurni y uiu.y, fla 



a h 





'. IIj.ji.m w.i,ni:;m,c ,i.om;i}.c 

ii anepsue lose aa emuecKB 

HHMHIf. 



58. II|»n.i,y6.<bnn;ui.c np- 

nopia bb orapa *okot coaie- 

CTHM COS j;in,i'M. 



66 BS iioTjiruiioM \irriy ym^-tii |»<» r i,iia rfiana. a I'.juiim 

ce y m|.;i mi H0AJ108H nose <m,iy«u.h- 

l'.iini. Macro irynoAKa, kojb ce i;<m, oqe&a yuemn m>,i, 

KOpy, y.:n\i;i C6 "I'.,!'' ll.in A6T0pa#I M.m M.ia,i,a|i KOJH 



176 



BO*RKE H BOUE 



ce ho OAceuajy c Bonne. Hajnpe ce 3aoHce, upeMa ny- 
no.i.Ky h, na ce saTHM Ha 3ro,a,HOM MecTy pacene Kopa 

na noM03H B y ofMHKy 
1 , pa3jaira, yjiecTH 
BsjoKa h yBeaee (c/i. 
55 d). 

Beao ^a ce npn- 
cafyyje Ha 6jfl,n kojh 

HaHHH , HOTpe^HO je 

^a ce y 406a, ica-A ce 
n])Hca r T, npHMH, o^bojh 
BHjOKa 04 MaJKe, 0,4- 
ceKaBiiin je hchoa npH- 
ca^a, 11 ,i,a ce c M^a- 
AHHe 0/T.ceHe OHaj wo, 
iiito je H3Ha^ Mecra, Ha 
boh je npnca^eiio. 

IIpH^y6;LHBaH,e je 
Bp.10 BaataH HaHHir npn- 
cal)HBan,a , jep lunie 
nope/^ HaBe^enHx eo- 

PHCTH M03K6M0 HMaTH 

join h MHore -jpyre ko- 
Phcth. TaKO Hnp. : 

1. MooweMO 6p3o 

pa3j\mootc,uTH eajbane 

copre eoftana, a uapo- 

C,i. 54. flpHAySAHBaite oieaeii. A 3a- HUT0 Apee £ e u mU 0Jbe, 

idHiiieH AeTopacT y a h b, B noAAora, - r £ 

y Koje je pa3Jau./&eHa Kopa y c; d 113- K °J e vp30 cpaiahyje. 

' MeA Ka^eMa c Be30M. Ka,; ce BotKe raje y 

caKcnjaMa, ajcocy M-ia- 
ftviup y H>iiMa, cm^a cc OHe Mory .iaKO iipnca^iiTii, Ka# 
ce caKcnje yTBp^e Ha aro^HOM MecTy y Kpymi ii.ic.mc- 
iiiitc cop'ro (c.i. 56), a aKO je y caKCHJH imomouiith copTa, 



U A Mil H II lIlMlCAi:.lIBAtf>A 



/ / 



OH^a jt j rpeoa yKonaTB iuu sa uvuu HaqnH ytbpahtu 
M.ia/un: S7 B 58). 

2. MooiceMo uonyHUTii HapeAunaea .vecra na zpa- 

TUM Upl4J>t/h.hl(>l(lH>CM JteTOpdCTd UJIU M.Kl- 

r iapa. Etao mm to DOKasyje c.\. 59. 




je n.;iipiii<'iiM ipuyfenajM 

.lllllll.r. 



I ltd l./n/rnio/ilf i olKlj 

►aTH K;il,-;ii: m.!.i.1.;i|» J ',. i n.:ii II u DO^a 

iii>ii.i.ynin ii c nerdJbKOM ["».• 

BOT.Kf. II 



78 



BOUKE II BOUE 



3atHM, Ka/i, npiiJBy6^.eHH a^iobh cpaciy. ckph>hth (iihh- 
coBaTH) Bpx MiLa^apa. IToihto ce Ha OBaj HannH npHBO,a,n 
po^y 3HaTH0 Beta Koairama xpane (coKOBa), n po^ He 
6hth 3HaTH0 KpynHnJH. 

OBano npH^Bv6ibHBaH.e MorytHO je n3BecTii koa 
ohhx n^o^OBa, kojh HMajy ^yra^Ky neTczbKy, a aKO ce to 

JKC1H H3BeCTH H KOA 
nio^OBa C KpaTKOM 
neTe^KOM, OH^aM.ia- 
^ap Tpe6a np&ZBy- 
6hth npeMa neTczbnn 
po,i,;i Ha Ha^HH, Kao 
uito to noKaayje c.in- 
Ka 61. 

4. MoMeMo koa 
ynpaeHOi eofla o,ip- 
mutu cuMerpujy u 
jauuny K04 uoje^u- 
hux zpand. Ako ce 
imp. y noliKo Koja oa 
rpaHa \w 611 wcoraa 

pa3BHTH, HIip. Kpaj- 

a>a rpana c „ieBe 
(•Tpane Ha c.iiihh 62, 
36or ^era 6n ce kb;i- 
pn.ia cHMeTpffjanejLe 
Holii;c. on^a Tpe6a 
nope/i, Be noca-AHTH 
iicry TaKBy BohKy. 
na je npiLnyoirrn y 
CBoje BpeMe. 

5. MooiceMo ca- 
nymTu u OApotcaru 
oiuTeKeuy zpauy uau 
eoKny, noja 6u undue 
3602 janux omTera meecuo CTpafl,ajia. ^efflasa ce *iecTO, 
A'd ce Kopa Ha j,e6,iy iliii Ha noje r yimiM rpanaMa o^ 
pana, CMO.iOTOKa, r.io^apa ht^. y to.ihkoj Mepn oihtcth. 
,4a je y mrrajBy j\dJbn. oncTasaK oiHTeneHor ^e.ia. Ycie^ 




Ca. 56. A BotKa; b uoA-iore; c npuj&y() 
i&eHa Meda. 



HA'inmi irpiiCAT,nr,,UL»A 



1711 



pasa, itoje cy ^y.xn hiimc E3a3BaHe, tocto ce H&iase ncno^, 
oinTekeHor vecTa je^as ii.m ininie nyjiurx u.ia.vipa; n 




ii y..AimiVT;i H8 KOHf H .iinii'imui 6j 

IdlU llpll.M >>.!>IIIi;UM'. 



'.!} 



I 1 1 . 1 1 M . 



iipn.T.yo.Mimiii.c 



180 



BO'RKE H BOUE 



H3Ha^ paHe (oniTekeHor MecTa), OH^a ce BOHKa, o^hocho 
rpaHa, Moate cnacra 0,4 H3BecHe nponacTH. CLinKa 63 no- 

Ka3yje 6pecKBy, npon3- 
Be/i,eHy y o6.iHKy U, y 
Koje je rpaHa npBa c 
^ecHe CTpaHe oniTeneHa 

CMO.ZLOTOKOM, a CJLHKa 64 

noKa3yje BOHKy, ko# 
Koje je Kopa oniTeneHa 
Ha Ae6^.y, na cy o6e 
BotKe cnaceHe npniby6- 
^BHBaaeM M^a^apHMa. 

Ha ciy^aj, ,a,a ce 
Hcno,a, paHe He pa3Bnja 
M«ia^ap, OH,a,a ce BotKii 
MOJKe noMonn, aKO ce 
y 6^lh3hhh noca^n M.ia- 
^Hn,a, na 3aTHM npn- 
•Zby6n. CU.HKa65 noKa- 
:;yj(> ja6yKy Kojaje 60- 
jLOBaia oa paKa h Koja 
je :{6or Tora npn.i>y6- 
jbeHa c M^a^imoM CD 
H3Ha,a, paHe, na mp, 
oe npnca,4 npnMno, o^ce^eH je ^eo FE n BOHKa ncnpaB- 




d. 58. a noA-aore nocai/eHe y mio- 
Kpyr; b Bota, y caKcnjn, nnje rpaHe 
cayace 3a npH^yO^HBaae Ha MecTHMa 
rAe ce AOAnpyjy c nc-A-ioraMa y c. 




Ga. 59. Ta^a.cacTO npn.fcy6.£iiBaH>e M^aAapa. 

.zbeHa, a ^q6ao A npncai>eHo nonoBO. KaKO y OBaKOM ciy- 
^ajy Tpe6a no^ecnTH no^iory n BnjoKy (BonKy), n KaKO 



HAMHHII IIPUCAT.IIBAHJA 



81 



luuLa n:iBpiiiHTii caKo npn&yft&yBame, Biun ce «ieno 113 
c.uiKe 66, na c rora Hiije noTpe6HO ^a to n Hapo^mTo 
o6jamaaBaMo. 

_. IIpHcaijHBaae y nponen. H OBaj je Haras H3 
^aBHanmer BpeHOHa, a npe^y3HMa ce c HaJBeiiHM ycnexoM 
y npo.ieke, Ha KpaTKO Bpeaie npe HacTynaita coKOBa, hjih 




■ 



<'.l. 60, JIj)il.I.V<''.T,IIi:;ill.i' M.lIl.Uipu C UGTe^KOM 
pOA&i .la Ce p04 p;t<:i;p\ im.,1. 



i;;m. OBI OfflOOTJ i;}ii'T;itii. mTO 6hB8 y MapTV IMH y 
i;y ;iii|»ii.i;i. Ily h;i OBaj iia'inn K0S6 C6 npii- 
(•;i},»i',iiTii 11 apB Kpajj .i»'i;i n y jeceH, aTojeyaotfa 
o] 1 ■., oKTOopa. y oboi ''.ly'i.-ijy epan&HBaBe 

BHJ0S6 11 iKM.n.K' ffBBpmB ce npe, aero .in aacTynB 



1 82 



BCRKE H BOUE 



3HHa, a pa3BHjaa,e nyno£>aKa Ha bhjod.ii noHnae Apyrora 
npo-ieka. Ilpn Tone r rpe6a odpaTHTH hito Beky naatay 
Ha BpeMe npHcaijflBaita, oahocho Ha nopacT amaAHHa. 
Ako ce npncaAH JLiaAHna, a*>k jom 6yJH0 pacie, norae 
ce ^ecHTH, Aa ce 40 3HAie pa3BHJy Ha npnca^y OKna h 
noTepajy iwaAapH, na obh npeKO 3HAie Mory H3Mp3- 
Hyra; a aKO ce npnca^yje cyBHuie froumE, no^ora h 




Qi. 61. IIpH^byGybHBafte M.nuapa c rpaHOM npeva 
poAy, Aa ce poA pacKpyuita. 



BHjoKa He Mory noTnyHO cpacTH 40 smie, Te Mory crpa- 
AaTH oa x^aAHoke, na ce qecro n npncaA ocyniHTH. 

H3Me^y BokaKa caiio mjcifje h 6pecKee ne Mory 
ce y jeceH npnca^HBaTH Ha OBaj Ha^HH, a koa Tpemaita 
n DM>HBa Tome tbpah, a& je ycnex mhoio iiobo.lhhjh, 
Hero KaA ce npncafyyje y npo-ieLe, Te 3aT0 ce obo BpeMe 
3a HOMeHyTe BOHKe Hapo^HTO n npenopynyje. BHJOKe 
3a jeceae npncafyaBaiLe Tpe6a ynoTpetfnTn, 00 hito je 
HaBeAeHo, OAMax hhm ce OAceEy. 



hahuhii npncA'i:.nnAH»A 



83 



IIpHCcihnBaH.e y npoijen no^ecHO je n 3a MAa^e n 
ape DOAAore, jep ce .u<>xe n3BecTn Ha Bnnie Ha- 

UHE. TftKO, OHO H02K6 6HTH : if MMl lipoiWZKL I) 

. y i/Hu/qxHi' upoiteu, na ucenan, y upoi$eu 




04pxB CHMeTpHja v na 

upn.i.v^.i,. h;i je <-.ia,', ;i ip.uia ca CHfUKHfl 
QpaBHHM KOpAOHOM. 



ca 3( okom y }■>>><>, iijshu uo^AOzy u 

'i a j kom na 3dKjmwewy 

U/'ik,,; y ■ ffu.ifi upotjeua. Ha oBaj HJi'inii 

nnu.;ii;i\ KOJe HMajJ v npeTOHKJ flO j 



184 



BOUKE H BOTIE 



To ce Bpinn oBaKO : M^ia^my r rpe6a oinTpnM HoaceM 
npeEpaTHTH r.aaTEO n Bo^opaBHO, na je 3aTHM 3aceiin 
eoco npeMa MecTy r^e ne ce yMecrnTH BnjoEa (ci. 67 C), 
#a ce THiie npnnopajy coeobh, ^a Epety Bnjonn, Eoja 




Cj. 63. BpecKBa y ofi.iHRy ABoeTpyKor U, Hiija 
je npBa rpaHa omTeteHa cmo^iotokom, a npn- 
jby 6^.HBaH>eM c M.ia^epoM y c cnaceHa oa H3- 
Becpre CMpTH. • 



c Tora 6pme cpamiyje c no^ioroM. 3a™i ce HoaceM 
pacnenn no.iaraHO no^ora r \o cpeAHHe, n y noTpedHOJ 
AyacHHH npeMa E.incy BnjoEe, pa^n ^era Ba^ba hojk Ha)ie- 
cthth, Eao dito ciHEa nosasyje, na3enn npn tom A& He 
npenyEHe Eopa Ha Apyroj ho^obehh noA^ore, na 3aTHM 



IIA'IIIHII IIIMICAIMIP.AILA 



85 




!. XpeOOa V om.ii[i;v BH- 

lohxe; Kopa omrekeHs 

CMOA) sa 04 np"- 

BaCTfl npn.r,VM.Mii;;iii,«.-M m.i.i- 
,1.;tpUM.t I) u.;M:U paH6 



< '.i. •!."). .Iau\ i;;utct;iiii;;u iMi.iniia.m 

o,i, pasa y l'>. 1 1 1 m. i. \ «'>.i.« - h .*, je c 

M.KI.UIHOM CD ii i.-.i,\ C6 ll|)llMII.i;i 

uoAcevesa je y V n BcnpaB&eiia, 

;i .v'.'i.k, ipse ja6yae, doidto ce 

1 1 ii Hcno4 paee y l-:, nose 

sociyssTB sao ooAiora --i bctj 

ii. in .Ipviy K0J3 ''"piv j; 



186 



BOUKE H BORE 



BHjoKy (A), Koja je npe Tora y^emeHa, y:\iecTnTn y 
pacnen, aok je join hojk y M.ia/i,HHH, Tano ^a naAHe 



%. ■ 






~i%ji 



:i/fe v 



: ,1 



^1, 




Ca. 66. KaKo Tpe6a s3BpmiiTH npn./Ly6.fcHBaH>e, ano je caynaj, 
kojh Han noKa3yje ca, 65. A je 6o.iecHo Ae6.io; B MaaaHi(a; 
C koc 3aceK, kojh moskc 6hth Ay6oK 3a l / 3 Ao I / 2 Acosmic ae&aa; 
d k.ihc, wja Ay^HHa mojkc 6hth Beta hah naaa, ibto 3aBiicH oa 
Ae6a>HHe noaaore a c thm h oa Ae6^HHe 3aceKa; G nouasyje CBp- 
meHo upH/by6a>HBaH.e. 



Kopa Ha Kopy a .inKa Ha JiHKy, h Ka.3, ce to no^ecH, 
Ba&a Hoat no^ano HSBa^HTH, na npnca^ yBe3aTH n npe- 
Ma3ara BOtapcKHJi boceom. 



ham mm nPnCATiUBAlLA 



18/ 



BnjoKy 3a OBaj n,H.L Tpeda CK.inenTn trko, x& .ih^h 
sa Te.iyhe o r \ noxa (C h c). K.mc Moae oath cejMiCT 
;i kamh(m lacr je, Ka r i, ce sopa Ha OHoaie liecTy, 

c.uu:.ie noufte iuiu\ ycene n cje^He n c Apyre CTpaHe 
(a ■ 6) ,i,a BiijoKa Mose Hacerni Ha mu-iory; a m- 
Had je oha*, row ce K.mc ne yceua na TOMe Medy. 





•iomi. apoueua. Kano rpetia aaMecTHTH 

ii;tj.iai:iiif ,\« »«"»nj «* inu;i aponena, A BHJosa; I! 

UUHflieHe BHJOK6 i y isiuv Tt'.iyJui miaiii); I> H3- 

bo npHca^HBaae y noaa npontena 6ea aeae.. 



Tlpuca^ueam y yeo wpotteu. OBaj hum hh npeay- 

S mix M.i;i,i,nii.;i. a pa&uiKyje ce <»,i na- 

hoaaom no neaoj 

DupiHi ('-.i. 68), jep ce yMemTajy abc BiqoKe, je^iia 

ipyre oTpase, a iiito ce paa^en- 

•'.[illlll ll;i[)o'il!THM HOX6U (r.i. 87), ,j<'|> 



188 



BCRKE H BOTIE 



ce iteroBHM KJByHOM Moate no,pora .aaKO pa3JannTH. Ilpe 
Hero ce npnca/i, npeMa^e, Tpe6a 3aTBopHTH mynibiray 
no cpeAHHH no^ore (Koja ce npaBH 36or yMemTeHHx 
BHjoKa) KOMa^HteM Kope, Kojy Ba^a yAecHTH npeara aj- 




C.i. 68. npucafiuecme y ueo upouea. A, BnjoKa no- 
CMaTpaHa ca npe^ae CTpaHe; B HCTa BHjoKa no- 
CMaTpaHa ca CTpaHe ; C o6ark 3aKAnraeHe BnjoKe; 
F ype3aHa Kopa, kojom ce noKpnBa pacn,en o3ro, 
npe Hero ce npncaA npenarae bockom (bhah G Ha 
Aa&oj canon) ; E yjienrreHe BiijoKe y pacn;eii 
no4.iore. 

jkhhh myn&HHe (F h g), ^a BocaK h B^iara He y^iaae 
y pacn,en, na 3aTHM npnca^ yBe3aTH h npeMa3aTH bockom. 
Hpucatfuecme y yuanpcHU upotteu (ca. 69). 
Ha OBaj Ha^HH npnca^yjy ce y onnne &e6eA$ joaAnue, 
a oj[, npe,a,E>er HaqiHa pa3AHKyje ce y tomo, bito ce 



IIAHIUIII nPIICA-BUBAH>A 



189 



noAAora nena y KpCT (X), jep ce yueniTajy qempn 
BnjoKe. Ta^a Tpetia npnna3nTH, ^ ce He nena 6am no 
eh quia. Bet Ma.io noAa.te. 




C.l. 69. IIj.i!'-;ii,lli:;il(.r V VHH- 
BpCHfl ii | 



C.i. 70. IIpiicafymuiiBe BT8 BC6TOS. 

A isiijoiia ::;u;.iiinieiia y a; B noA- 

lOra ii[)«'i;p;il.t'ii;i y b H yceui'iia 

y c; C npncaA. 



Upucafjw<me hq wxhoh (cji. 70). /l,a ce n. 
ob^j naMnii. ifM-r,;; npexpaTHTi .M.i;i,um\ (oh. 70 b), na 
i'''tiii ii<»;i;»'M ii. in bsto yAemeHOM cnpaBOi 
poyrjaero oapqe, a b^jobj (A) aa- 

KAICHTl | iiMTiiyn.) BCHyHH BC6TOB li;i DO ' 



190 



BOUKE H BOUE 



(a), na je 3a™i cnojnra c no^oroM (C), yBe3aTH n 

npucaA npe>ia3aTH BokapcKHM bockom. 

JIpuGaf/UGcme y upot^eu ca 3dKMmewoM ea- 

jokom y upoueujbeny uo^AOiy. Hamm OBaj ynoTpetf- 

AaBa ce 3a pa3MH0&aBaE»e 
fo.kHx copaTa opaxa; a ^ 
6k ce Morao H3BecTH, Tpe6a 
A& cy je^HaKe, h.ih npn- 
6avr.eq je^naKe ^eo.MHe n 
no^ora n BnjoKa. IIoMora 
ce pacnenn no cpe^HHH Kao 
n y npe^&er HaqnHa, a bh- 
joKa ce 3aK.incii, ynecTH y 
no^ory n npejiarae bockom 
(ca. 71). Kao iiito je no- 
3HaT0, opax ce TeniKO paa- 
3iH0iKaBa npncafynmibeM, na 
n OBaj Ha^iHH He Hcna^a CBa- 
Ka^, Ka^ ce Bpimi m\\ biw 
pHM He6oM, Kao Ka^ ce pa#H 
y CTaK.ieHHM 6anrraMa. ftpH- 
ca^HBaTii Tpe6a ABoro^Hniite 
M.ia r ],ime, n to, Rafl ce raje 
y CTaK,ieHHM (SamTaifa y $e- 
6pyapy n Map'ry, a y anpiuy 

C.i. 71. IIp.i^hHGaH,e y^poVeu K ^ Ce r^Vj ciofoflM- 
ca aaKMmeuoM bhjokom y npo- y fa CvlV T ia j a npnca- 

ijeuyLi'iiv iioA-aory. , ; v 

Pbrth Tpeoa y flooa Ka^ 
oraoMHe Kpeiaite coKOBa, na3ekn npn tom ^a ce ysiie 
3a BHJOKy Bpx ^eTopacTa Ha KOMe je BpinHH nyno^aK 
h 4a ce yMecra y no,pory ? ^ok cy npecenn B.iaafHn, 
na 3aTBM 4a ce ihto 6om yBeate h npeMaate toujiem 
bockom. /^OHHnje, Ka/i, H3 OKana Ha noM03H y (J^hshhh 




HAUIIHI1 IIPHCA1iIIBAH>A 191 

:.ia ncrepajy u.ia,i,apii, Ba.M nx bKpaiTH ao me&a 
.inmka. ocTa.imi HainmiDia npncafynBaifca opaxa bh^h 
c.i. 112 n 113. 

Hpuca^ueome // upoi+en <■ upo- 
yenJbenoM sujokom Ha30KAUtueuy uo£- 
juxy (<m. 72). OBaj je Ha^HH npo- 
TiiBan noMeHyTOM Ha*nray, a noAecaH je 
B&po<orro 3a BHHOBy A03y. Kaa ce npn- 
cal)YJe 3pe.ia .103a (pe3HHii,e, npnopijH, 

i.-HHi^e) Tpeua npncaA yBesaTH h 
UM6 upe.MaaaTii, otfiraBti eMommoM, a 
\\w\ 66 npiicafyyje ae.ieHa A03a (y aiajy 
ii jvhv). eaio yB63am 

3. IIpacaijHBaae hoa Kopy (aa- 

.i.yniliHBaH.ej. IIpHca^HBafte nofl Kopy 

imii, 6o&e pelin. Esnecy Kope n ^pseia 

(Ta'iii<». ii3.Mt'l)V .hikc ii rno.i.ainif.er caoja 

uai;v.i,t') iipiM,vaii)ia ce v ,100a. 1:11,1. CO- „ 

CU.72. UpHcahKoa- 
kobit HeniTO jaqe Kpeny, tj. 04 ce Eopa aeynpoSeD cnpo- 

:.IA1IIU' KO»e OABGJHTH (o vivdllTIl). i*en*eHOM bhjokom 
', 11a :j;ik.iiiiiiohv Q04- 

a H3BOAH Ce (' KopHiIIhV KOA CBIIX BO- aory. 

hai;a. HapO^HTO KOA ,V'<U>M\ Iio.viora, 

Hi yiloTpcuiiTlI BJIIIIC BHJOKa, 3aTHM KOA Bohaiul. 

Koje ce u.i;i rexe npica^yjy na Apyra kojb na«nni, run 
k<U KOJHX 6b C6 y&OtpetfoM ,i,pynix mi'iima Mor.ia KOpa 
jiaKo DOBpeAHTffj 34to iiiTo je othowjio EpeTaBe cosoBa, 

ii HJiiiMi-.n'Tirv y iijm.iiiiui, k;u npnca^HBaBe Bpme no^eT- 
Hinui. Can pi C6 lumpwimi iia pa ii;iumia : a) 

,1/1 <■ aa Kopa na uo^jimu, w (J) 4a ce t^eua, 

upnj KOpa lid UO, 1. 10.111. 

Upeu nanun ynoTpe 1 je Kopa 11a ikm,- 

i.nTii'iii;! (pacTerAHBa), ffl ce wrjoKa 

yMeCTHTH u:iMf|,\ KOpe 11 ,l,pnt'ia. ,l,a BOpa II p IT 




19-2 



BCRKE H BORE 



Tone He npenyEHe. A h3boah ce oBano : IIoA^ory Tpeda 
npeKpaiHTH Ha MecTy r^e ce ateAH npHcaAHTH, na 
BHJOKy 3aceLH npaBO n CKOpo 40 cpna y /ijmhh 3a 
2 — 3 cm., paqyHajytH 03ao Ha BHme, h oa Tora je 

necTa 3aK.incHTn; 
3araM c je^He n 
c APy re CTpane 

CKHHyTH CAOJ KO- 
pe, A a ce BH^H AR- 
KS, (3e^eH cioj). 
3aK^HnieH0 ok- 

BO HOTBp^e ^pBO, 
Ha HCTH Ha^IHH 
EaO H BHJOKy (3a 

to HMa h Konrra- 

HHX KAHHOBa), y- 
THCHyTHHOTOMHO- 

jiaraHOH3Me^yKO- 
pe h ^pBeTa^ na- 
3ehH npn tom A& 
Kopa He npenyK- 
He. KaA ueo one 
K^HHa 3a^e hoa 
Kopy , OH^a ra 

HOAaKO H3BaAHTH 

Oa. 73. AB BHjoKe nocMaTpaHe cupe^a h ca, (Tpe6a ra ByiiH 
CTpaHe ; C OA-iy6^,eHa Kopa nocMaTpaHa 03ro; npajme y ggc) jja 
T> npeces ; E H3oeA npnca/ia. ^ y . 

y myn^HHy (Koja 
ce THMe Ha^HHn) yMecTHTH BHJOKy, yBe3ara h npeiia3aTH 
bockom (ci. 73). Ha je^Hy HOA^ory, npeMa a^hhh, 
Mo^e aohh jeAHa, A Be 2 Bnme BHjOKa, 

A'pyzu uanun ynoTped&aBa ce, oa Ha hoa*io3h 
HHJe Kopa e^acTHHHa (pacTerMiBa). H3boah ce OBaKor 




" !iiiiiiin 



n.viiiim iii > iii'Ai:»iir.A!i.A 



193 



[Ipespan ce n<ai<>ra n unjoin npHiipeiui, kho \\ koa 
npBor lni'iiuia. saTHM ce 11a raaTKOM Hecry Ha 1104.10311 
.mI.vii' sopa opens ,\y;kmhii BAica (<m. 74 n 7">). oa- 
.i\nn g je,\ne 11 c Apyre crpaHe, npeMa iimpmm K.inra. 
11a y pacnen ymhtii BHJOKa, naueliii npa tom a* BHJOKa, 
sao u y npBOM i\iy<iajy. 

Mi»' Aotfpo ua hoa- 
Aorj : DpicaA ce eotom 

»• 11 npeMaa;e bo- 
6K01 (ci. 75 E). 

Il0CjieAH,H Ha'IHH 

.lainiin je 3a noMeTHnue A 
ii tfpSC re H3BOAI 0,1, 
DpBOl iiaqima. a h je- 
Aafl n ,11'yrii na^HH 
iiii'V, sao ihto ce to 

OtflUO TBpAH, HH y 

S04iso 6oai oa npn- 
<-;i},iiH:in,a ynpoijen; jep 

►BO IIJiIK'a};IIBaH,e 7 

iiito je HaBcvii". 

Bpnu y ftotfa gpora&a 

coEOBa, saABBJosa rage 

jasa sao n j >« * ko- 

AOTOsa coKOBa, i pa&a 

m;i j j . ipamtivjj; C*. 74. A3 bhjor6 noaunpaiie cnpeja 

n BO BaiH: C 1ioi.ior.1n |»;u-ii,oii.],ci!()M 11 

OTOp^je BO Ku.i ii.i-nnia, ( ,, 1V ,- 0) , 11()MK1)|)MM .. i) ,;,,,,,,,. npHCW. 

Koji - paHHJe. 

.V llol'.njr ,1,oo;i, \||iil|it'n.l,;i|;;i it IHMJITO 1 1 f > < \ 1. } » > - 
POJaqOB iia'lHH npMraljiii'.aii.a 110,1, ROpy, a ii::h<mm C6 

OBaKo: d "i. 76 C) opeBpaTB ce koco (y e) 

»pa ii|)upr;i;.- uprjia .i.\;i;iiiiii K.iiira ii;i BBJOIJH, 11,1 

iy(5i caMO c jeAHe CTpaae ir.n.ui i i 

BO'EKK 11 I 





194 



BOUKE H BOUE 



BsjoKa yce^e ce eoco npeMa nyno&Ky (a) ,a,a 6ojlq Ha- 
ceAHe Ha no^ory, a 3aoHCH, na ce 3aTHM, c OHe CTpaHe 
c Koje Kopa Ha no^03H HHJe o^BojeHa, CKHHe c^oj 
Kope, #a ce bh^h ^HKa (3e^eH c/loj) h BHJOKa yMecra 





Gi. 75. AB bhj'oko nocMaTpane cupe^a h ca 

CTpaHe; e 3aceieHa h OAJiy6jbeH& Kopa; E 

H3oeA npncaAa. 



y no^ory TaKO, ^a ce H>eHa no^et/HHa noKpnje o^y- 

(UeHOM KOpOM CaCBHM EAE HajBetiHM J^QAOM, Ha 3aTHM 

upncaA yBeate n bockom npeMaate. 

4. IIpHca^HBaae cnaja&eM. Hpnca^HBaifce cnajaaeM 
pa^yHa ce ^aHac H3Me^y HaBe/^eHnx Ha^HHa Kao Haj- 
6ojie Ha^HH, jep pecy^iTaTH, kojh ce H>HMe nocTflaty, 
npe.ia3e CBeK(MHKa o^eKHBaaa, a npn tom ce h h3bo/^w 



HAMMIIII MLMiCAliUBAIhA 



195 



nocBe .iai;o, re my saro chv.vi rpetfa ^awi npBeHCTBo; 
a BapoqHTO y r.iyuajy. iea;x CJ iio,viora n M.Kuinja urre 
ii. in apH&uaue Aetf&HHe. 

Cnaja&e ii <we*M HajnoroAHHJi cy iia'iiiiiu sa iipn- 
ca^HBaae BO&asa y parnuy. jep ce cpanikiBaii.e upnm 
BOHajdpxe, pana sapacTe Ben. noc.n? bbkoaheo Be^e^a, 





5) 



. Qonpa&BOH mrum apica- 06h*ho csaia&e. A 

tylMUMI iio.i i hhJmi:;i, B no,\.ior;t. (J n.;i.u\; 



HpMfji.i. 6€ H€ o'H'H.h iwi n B6 AOMfl KaO ko/i, ,i,pyni\ 

iia'nn i cpacTe, oh i be nose oApemiTH. 

1 1 |mm,\ jiiM.i 66 .'.iiMii. in npo.H'l.i' ii iK»'ii'Ti;nM je- 

ceM. 3nu ce upHcaljyje j co(5i, CTafcaeHOJ tfanrra n.m 
j no i Bpojiebe j cjiotfoAB it to mum ce j sase 

ro je j m,i|it\ u. in j anpHJi] ; a 



l)Kil. 



106 



BOUKE H BOTvE 



c jeceHH, tj. y aBrycTy h cenTesi^py, npHca^yjy ce Ha- 
powro Kpynme, ja6yKe, Tpeinae h in^bHBe. 

Ka/i, ce cnaja c jeceHH, OH^a ce 3a BHJOKy ysmia, 
o^ceqe, M^ia^ap, c Kojer ce, Kao bxto je HaBe^eHO, cone 
•ZLHmLe, h hotom npica^yje. rpaH^nma cpacTe c noA-ioroia 
AO 3HMe, a OKija npoBeAy 3HMy y cnaBaity, tj. pa3BHjy 
ce TeE Apyrora npo.aeha. Ha Taj Ha*™ Morytno je hot- 
nyHO cpainliHBaBe npncaAa npe Hero Kpeny cokobh, 
r re je OTy^a oBaKaB npncaA, Kao bito ce h no ce6n 
pa3yMe, 3Harao HanpeAHHJH oa npncaAa npo-ziemnx ; a 




Ci. 78. HojKHn,e 3a oohiho cuajafte. 

KaA ce TOMe a*W> A& Bonap y obo j\o6 ( a Heia hm to- 
AtiKO nocia, Kao y npo^eke, OHAa ce obo npnca^HBaiLC 
Moate cBaKOM HaJTon^iHJe npenopy^HTn. 

CaMO npaca^HBaite Moate ce h3B6Cth Ha a b & Ha ~ 
^jHHa : cuajaweM eujone u uo^AOze je^nane Ae6Mme 
h cuajaneM eujone u uofljioze Heje^uane fieftjbUHe. 
H jeAHO h APjro npnca^HBaite Bpnin ce Ha Bnme mi- 
qHHa, na ce npeMa TOMe, kojh je HaqnH ynoTpe^AeH, 
30Be TaKO h caMO cnajaae. 

Cuajcme eujone u uofljioze je^uane ^e6jbuue. 
Obo cnajaite Moate ce H3BpninTH Ha Tpn Ha^HHa: cua- 
jcmeM o6unHUM, enzjiecnuM h upece^JiacTUM. 

06uhho cuajcme (ga. 77). H BHJOKa A h noA- 
aoth B saKJiHce ce noAJeAHaKo (ab) ; 3aeeK ne cine 6rth 



TIA'IIIHII IIPIICA'BIIBAH.A 



197 



Kjtaliii or "2. mi ,iy;i;n o,\ 15 cm., na ce 3RTHM ^cnoje 
;i;\ h upenaxj bockom. 

Ka \ ey Bujone h noA^ora ae&tHHe rynronjer nepa, 
• una ce nopeA MeurepOBa Hoaca (c/i. 33) tiecro yno- 

i>bo npn- 
cal;iiBaiLe u uapo^HTe 
(cji. 78), jep 
ce tukhm HOiKHuaMa 
AotfaBajy cacBHM hoa- 
jeAHaKii aacenH, kah- 
cobh. To ce nocTHate, 

e h BHjoKa h noA- 
Jiora daBe jeAHa y3 
Apyry Ha aobh KpaK 
Hosnua, na ce 3aTHM 
Borate npiiTeray, a& 
■x npece^e hox kojh 
je Ha ropH>eM KpaKy. H- 
nai;. uajnoy3AaHHJe je, 

e h BHJOKa h noA- 
.iora 3aoHcyjy HoaeM. 

Cuaj (iu>< na ea- 
rn (3an,en- 
mbum). OBaj je Ha- 

Ofl IIpIiniijHBaH.a MHO- C.i. 79. IIpiical^iuaBbc cnajaiteM iiacii- 
M6CK1 iiii'iini; A Mi.joKa, a one, b 
[II U JI Mecro o,\ lojei iioHMfte upoueu c; 

OTO OA KO- 
I8MI 




tflTiHOra Cnftia&a. B notion, <1 ohc, e 

LIpic&A je .laKinc Be- J F A , 

iilli!!i:;i|f,e je 

BHarao (pace, oqeftHBSfte bhjoki «m BOAAore, no cpa- 
iiij.nr, i je HOMorytiHo (nyseBim boa tpymaBa, 
ii|>hc;iV'hmm in .T.yii.y i rjior), a nno je h8bo^6&€ eaior 
hiimmiim .r.-i.ir;;., op»e a ae cnopije, sa po to bi opBH 



198 



fcOUKfc H BOUE 



E0M6A mTAej\a. YnoTpecSoM OBor Ha^iBHa nocTumy ce 







da. 80. A ABoroAKiDH.a niipaMHAa, upiieatjona K.ao 
BiicoKa BotiKa y B. 

y BoliapcTBy cjajira yciiecn, jep ce itHMa mojkg nocTnlin 



HAHIIHII lll'IirA-BIIUAIfcA 



109 



B6 CaMO |»a::iill.);in.t' II [K>A- 

boct Bobasa, BeK n a* 

OBe i';i'iyBajy h cnacy 
jia:uii'iiiTiix (foaecTn 
(p&Ka, c.Mo.iOTOKa) , no- 
Bpe^a eta. 

II koa OBor Ha^HHa 

ii noAAory n bbjokj (Koja 

a as je je^HaKe Ae6- 

.Lime Kao h no,viora) Ba- 

.I.a HULUCKTI Ha HOMe- 

hvtu HaqflH, na 3aTmi n 
no,uory n BHJoKy pacne- 

HHTH H3HaA CpeAHHe KA1S- 

ca (ci. 79 b h f) TaKO, 
,ia pacuen dy^e Ayra^aK 
2 — 2*5 cm.; 3aTHMyMecTM- 
th BirjoKy y noA^ory (C), 
aTH h npeMa3aTH bo- 
GKOK. 

Ha eHMecKH Ha*iHH 

cuajaita Feme npnca^yje 

amnifce napajiHAe, y- 

3HMajyfiH 3a BHJOKy mi- 

i;pyHy. TaKO ca. 

mi noiuwyje BotKy, koa 

iioA^iory y3e- 

• rmiiif.a i;pyim;a 

(HOpiaHdU D616HKI I 

njoiry i;pyn;i H 10 

Botfoum rpana (AxaBAi- 
j6Bai)OA6iuraa).CLft.82 bo 
rpeic&y) 





i ii|)Hc;tl,ni:;ii(..i '. lO- 

CM J « -.1 M • • I ol.HllC. 



-200 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Koja 6h H3yMpjia oj\, paica, /i,a HHJe ynoTpe6ji>eHO en- 
MecKO cnajaite. BoJiKa je npeKpafceHa H3HaA 6(MecHor 




&*<&*»- 




i^R^ 



Ci. 82. A BHcoKa Ca. 83. KaKo y ceiiTeM6py H3r.ieAa 

BotKa npHCafyeHa y BohKa upnca^eHa y anpn^y (ca. 

anpnay y B. 82), AaK-ie nocie 5 Mecena. 

Mecia, h nomTO je yoofteHa paHa, 3dor *iera je n 
BotiKa 3a to.ihko KpaKa, npaca^eHa je odopeHa Rpymi 
na HCTy no^ory. 



HA Mil II II nPnCAT.IIRAILA 



-201 



HaMi'.u'Wi hjimiih fipnca^HBatta Hapowro Je y npn- 
Meflfl K04 bhhobg aose. lVi'mme. npnopon, naioasHH^e 11 .ia- 
crapa aMepEPnce A03e lianphy ce aa oBaj naMim AOMaliHM 
eopTaica, ,\n ce ca^yrajy 0^ $HAOKcepe (ca. 84), 

'iaii jeoBOMeHa- 
mhhv IIIaMuetwe huhuh, 

KOJH C€ yiioTpeaLana koa 
BimoBe .io.3e 3a hcth UflJb 
Kao 11 emuecKO cnajaae. 
UpBO ce Bo^opaBHo npe- 
Kparii ii nu.viora n BHJOKa, 
na ce saTHM 3a 2—2*5 cm. 
AyuoKo o6oje pacnene, a.in 
He 6am no cpe^umi, n 3a- 
K.uice, na noTOM ynecTii 
BHJOKayno^iory 11 npncaA 
yBeate (<u. 85). 

UpeceAAacTO upu- 
<8(me. Ha^HH OBaj 
ynoTpefoaBa ce koa hoa- 
jiora h BHJOKa, Koje cy 
Ae<5a>e oa 3 cm.; caai je 
Ha*4HH Bpjio Aotfap, a^n ce 
noTese H3B0AH. H hoa- 
aotsl h BHJOKa (ci. 86 
AB) 3aK^nce ce noAJeA- 
saso 110,1, hcthm yivioM, 
na ce 3aTHM h j<\i,na 11 
.ifiyra ycraj ao nojiOBHHe, 
dBTM ill BBJOKS y 

>rj 11 y Berne (C). J[o- 1 
,i,H[)iia DOBpniHHa B6 i'.;i. I. ;i 

Spall'! Ml •"». 111! AVHUI 

<»i 20 ci., a Tpetfa u je j iojiiko 

i;<».ii' DOftAOre 11 BHJOKa. 




Coaja&e lose na emueciiH 

HU'IIIH. 



I,;i (\\\\;i\). y 



502 



BCRKfi H BOTvE 



Cuajatbe uoftjioze u eujone ueje^uaKe Aefijbunc 
Obo npnca^HBaite BpuiH ce Ha Biiuie mi^imm, a Haj- 
bhmhjh cy: kjiuhcicto cuqjcme, ce^AacTO euzMcno 

cuajcme, ofiuuno cefijia- 
cto cuajawe, upece^Jia- 
cto cuajcme h cuajcme 
ca CTpane. 

EjiuuacTO cuajaibe 
(ci. 87). ILo^ory Tpe6a 
npeKpaTHTH Ha MecTy r/j,e 
Le ce npncaAHTH, ajur TaEO 
Aa npeceK 6y#e Henrro koc; 





Ca. 85. IIIaMneHOB na^HH cuajaaa Ca. 
Aoze. 



IIpeceAAacTO cnajaae. 



3aTHM 3aK^HCHTH BHj'oKy (A), h npeina TOMe K^lHCy O^CehH 
c noMore Ha y3BHineH0J dpaHH kmhko Kope (e), && ce Taj 
3aceK Moate hok^ohhth kjihcom BnjoKe, h khj\ to 6y^e r rpe6a 
cnojHTH BHjOKy c no^oroM, yBe3aTH h npeMa3aTH bockom. 



nA'innn npnc.MiimAii.A 



203 



mMCKQ cuajatbe (r.i. 88). OAotfnraor 
BHMecKor majan.a (ci. s4i pa&MKyje ce y TOMe, iiito 
ce rpaipinna yce^e (a n il). &a «"»o.i»e voxe Hace^aTH Ha 
DOMory. Ha OBaj na<inn BHJOKa ee cnaja Bpjio iiBprro 
c noA^oro 




J. Kuraacro ciiiijaif.o. 



C.i. 88. CeA^iacTO eHr.aecKO cuajaH,e 

A B; MSTA6A BHJoKe cupe^a h ca CTpa- 

■ d ceA^acT saceic na bhJoeh; 

h ce4-aacT yceit Ha uoaaow, D h3taca 

npncaAa. 



iocto cuqjcmi (on. 89). O4 onnacTora cna- 
j;ni.;i pa&uotyje ce y tomo, nrro ce Bijoiia, sao h koa 
Dpiea^HBafta mu. Kopy, yceie trpeiw boaaosi, .i,a na 11. y. 
Donrro ce yMeera, iiito fiojbe sace^He; a <u, ceAaacror 

fiii.i»M-i:oi' majan.a y TOMe, DITO Ce 0BA6 i;.inr 11c iicii;i. 

H;l lUljolUI l|»t'u;i ];i Jc ROC BaTO, WTO JC H'pMM 
IIn|',ji|||IIH;i IIM1..1..I HUM. 



■m 



fiOUKE ft BOUE 



IIpecefljiacTo cuajawe (c.a. 90). Oa ce/^iacTor 
cuajaiLa pa3./iHKyje ce y TOMe, nrro ce Ha bhjohh (A) 
3aoHCH c npoTHBHe crpaHe h aoilh j\,eo (c), na ce 
npeMa TOMe 3aceKy ypeace h noMora (e). Ha OBaj 
naqHH BHJOKa, Koja no noTpe6n Moate 6hth h ^y^a h 
Kpaka, ctojh Kao npnKOBaHa, h 3aT0 ce OBano npnca- 




Ga. 89. CeA-iacro npaca^HBaae. . Ga. 90. HpeceA-ikCTo npnca^HBaite. 

t^HBaite jaKo neHn, Hapowro 3a MecTa r^e cy jaKn 
BeTpoBH. PaHa 3apamnyje Bp^o 6p30. 

Cuajcme ca crpane (ca. 91). Oa HaBe^eHor Ha- 
nnHa pa3AHKyje ce y TOMe, dito ce noMora He npe- 
Kpanyje, Te ce 3aTO h Ha Bnjonn He npaBH yceK npn 
Bpiy, tj. rpaHqnna ce 3aoncn (a), na ce c npoTHBHe 



HA'IIIHI! IirHCALUT; AH.A 



20b 



cTjiauc EJiica aaceie koco (b) y # fAyffiHHH 7 npeaia w6- 
.liihh rpaiiuiiue. 3a 5 — 10 .aim.; 3a r niM ce hcto Taito 
;;a 5 — 10 mm. yceqe i no r viora (c) h 3aiuncH npo- 

TUBHO IMIlrV Blljolie (d), KOJOM Ce IIpH.lllKOM CKHHe TO- 
.lHKo KOpe II APBGTOj ,\a 110 llllipillUl li ,T,y;KHIIII OAro- 

B»pa AViKimn BigoKe ; na saTHH ce ynecTM BHJoKa y iioa- 
.lury. raso fta na^He .mica na aer^, a Kopa Ha Kopy. 




. (Jn;i.j;iH,e cacrpaHe. a i B ujoita cupeaa 

vccic n;i QOAA08H ; I) ii::r.ir.i. iipucua. 



,l,y;i;ilii;i je BHJOK6 ouii'iiio 6- H> CM., fell &£0 

ce cnaja j mi.i.y pasBiija&a KpjHe, n.in x<i rpane v- 

nwiiiy hit«» npe H3B6CH] iy;i;iiiiy, oil 1,1 B^JOK8 IfOSe 

'Ihtii ,ur;i'ii,\'i i; I'oiiir, i;,ih nnn iii»i;;i::y je 



•206 



JiOTvKE II BOTvE 



ai. 92., yno r rpe6ji.aBa aa BujoKy Ha OBaj mmmi j\e6A0 
c KpyHOM (A), na kojoj HMa cbhx rpaHa, iio'rpefiHMx 3a 
q6aiiK BMCoice BoiiKe. 




Ga. 92. A (spVHa) BHj'oKa; a h b 3acen;H Ha H,oj ; B &L&a- 
AHi;a; D yMeinTeHa BHJoKa; C Bp6oB iipyT. 

5. Cteeme rpairaiii.oM. H obo je Bp.io BaataH na- 
qBH npMcafyaBaika, jep je H>HMe MorytHO JiaKO pa3Miio- 
ataBaTH Ao6pe cop r re, nonyHHTM Hapc,pqaBe rpaHe, ca- 



HAMIIHII IIIM1CAK.1H:\1I,A 



207 



qyiiilTU lJOhKY <U B3B6<JH€ CMpTH, K'd,\ joj je KOpa 6\J\R 

onrreteHa, n y($p3aTH pOAHOcr BotaKa, Koje miry 
CTac&^e na \u\\. Qpena roMe, pa^H ?era ce Bpiuu oqe&e, 
-in munimi lipucal^Baii.a rpaiiunuoM pasJHKjjy ce 
y B6KO8IK0 H3Me^y cetfe. 

Onetbe zpawmm>M pa^u 

fba copcim. Obo 

o'kMi.e npeAysma ce y npo-iete 

n y .loin \m,\ ciafax noA^iora, 

a ni»r.iaB]iTO oimx, Koje cy y 

i.iiuj lepi co*rae, #a ce 

Kopa iioxe OA-iytiflTH, a npii- 

v BigoKe 3HainO Taite 04 

»re. Bprnn ce obuko: 3a- 

ELiHCH ce BHjOKa A (ci. 92 y a), 

a iia iio r vi03H, Ha MecTy r/j,e he 

ce oqflTH (b), mi'iinni ce 3aceK 

;ikv T, na ce OA-iyun Kopa 

June h c Apyre cipane 

:ii BHJOKa 11 npn- 

i;e (c). 

Blijoi:a I0Z6 nnrii /// 

;rni.M 

1. 94) 11 4a UMQ 

crapoz .ijxseTa (ci. 

II "■.lfM.if.e ABe rpiuiMiiip: 

napo'i; 1 noiiy- 

ii.aiiaii.r H;ipi\i,ii'iai;ii\ ieCTU 11a .M'o.iy 11 rpana.Ma. 

/><t r n' cuacaecma eo&ana <>,i 

Ha ZA] " lipii.Mo.i.ni'.aiU'M 

Ml na j»\ian [X iia'niiia H6 6fl m: .r.ia BOiiKS 

'•aM\i Hi' I'Mpl, 1 olll rrl.nir i;op<\ H0S6 

JOJ C6 DOMOkfl <»Mrii,r\i 11 iia'iini : 



A mijoiia, B .uibauku, 
(J ii|>i' 



208 BOTvKE II BOTvE 



Ako ce imp. Ha rpann A (ci. 96) nojaBHO pas 
y B, h to TaKaB, j\n oh rpana 3iopa.ia CTpa^ara, Tpe6a 
npeMa iimpiiiiM pane h npeHa a^CUhhh no r yiore orcein 
je/my uar BHiue BHJoiia c jeAHoroAHiiiH>HX n Bp.io cmr<K- 
hhx rpana (jieTopacia), h saKAHCHTH hx h npn Bpxy 




Ci. 94. A HHj'oKa ; 13 AHBjtaKa; C upucua. 

h lipn ^Hy (f h gg) ; a na noM03H, ano je Kopa loa^a, 
npoceLn caMo Kopy hchoa h iniia.i, pane (ee) y ajshhh 
onca, o^y^HTH je, na BHJOKy naMecTHTH h rope h /uMe; 
a ano je Kopa crapa, fletfejia, Tpe6a je HceKn rope y 
o6.iHKy A , a &oaq y od.iHKy V > npeua wiipinui 11 ,\y 



IIAUIlHll IllMlCAl.'.m'.All.A 



•209 



JKHHB K.llica. yMeCTHTH BIIJOKY u yBeaara. Ha Taj Ha^IHII 

EpyxH^e coROBE Kpo3 rpaimnny h iipeKO paHe, Te he 
ce TaKO BoiiKa ne c&mo cnacTH oj\ H3BecHe cmpth, BeK 
ke n q6kako paJjafH u 0,1, pana ce u3,iewrH (c.a. 95, 
96 ii 97). HpiicaljiiBaibe obo hbboah ce ca ycnexoM 
KOfl <'bcku.iiikux BotaKa, a itapowro koa KpyniaKa h 
,jauyi:a. 







■■.. A rpaHa, c sojeje yseTa bbjobb < : ; I> BOA-iora; E apncaa, 
0'irihr tpOMHUliOM UpoAHUM UyUOJbKOM. < >,l, r l,;i Iia, 

;;i o&aj miMiiii npHca^HBafta, norytHO 

je CBMKOM BOhapj KOpflCTHTH 6C j B6JIHKOJ .Mi'plI iipil- 

i BoLaKa, jep iia Taj hiimihi dose poAHe oynoAKe 
paenope^HBaTH no cbojoj b<uh, a aepo^He Boise iijm- 

HOpaTB ,i,;i My ,i,J>\iv r-Mjnir H8B6CH0 pO 

II 



.i nun 1. 



2 1 



BO'KKE H BOUE 



Ha^HH OBaj no^ecan je 3a CBe BOhKe, a HapoqnTO 
3a ja6yKe h KpyniKe; a cano npnca^HBaite ncnaaa 3a 
pyKOM, Kaa ce H3Bpnut y Ao6a oa jy.ia ao ceirreMopa, 

TJ. qHM 0C^ia6H KO.IOTOK COKOBa. 




CLi. 96. rp;uia uani o,\ paia y B; C bhjoku aaUHmeHa ca o6e 

cTpaHc iipeMa upoceieHoj h oAJiy6AeHoj Kopn ee Ha iio,uo;;ii 

(rpaHH) A. 

3a BHJOKy y3HMa ce h.ih pOAHH~nyno&aK (ca. 99 a) 
on rpana, Ha kojoj cy poahh nynoAnn (100 a, b, c), 




Ga. 97. Har-aeA npiicafyeHe rpaiie y AoCni BereTaijaje (iiopacxa). 

a ceKy ce c Botana Koje ex HMajy y H3o6iLi>y, viae ce 
ysHMajy c rpaHa, Koje he ce j\o mm CKpecaTH. ^hm 
ce rpaiFwne o^ceEy, r rpe6a c h>hx yooHHTH .nnnlio, ji 



1IAM11III1 nPHCA-BMBAILA 



211 



no HoryLcTBy hx o^Max ynoTpediiTii, ima^e, 3a kojh 




Ca. 98. H3raeA HCTe rpaHe, KaA ce c H>e yiuoHH aeo kojh 6o.ayje 
oa paica. 

^aH, iiory ce ynnyBaTH caMO Ha x^ia^HHM MecTHMa. 

Cairo naK o- 
qeae H3boah ce 

Ha HCTH Ha^HH, 

Kcio ii o^eae odnq- 

BOl rpaHiJHHOM. 

TpaHqHi^e 40 3H»ie 
cpacTy norayHO, a 
Ha npo./ieiie HBe- 
Tajy hcto Eao h 
Ka^ 6h 6eaq Ha 



BOiiKH. 



CKOje cy 




y3eie. 

6. O^eae 
nyno^KOM, 3a 0- 
<ieH>e nyno^BKOM, 
Koje ce O^H^HHJO 
30Be ouetbe hjih 
upucatfuecme na 
auct, noTpedno 

1 n<n,ior;i. soja ho ce o^hth, (5y^e y cony, 

14* 



C.i. 99. A ujijoKii ca CTapHM Apue'roM ; a 

qbothb iiyno^LaK; B iioAaora c npope3aHOM 

h oA^iyO^LeiioM KupuM y b; C ebtaba npH- 

caaa npe BG3e. 



2 1 2 



HOTvKE 11 BORE 



m a^ je Ha MecTy, r^e ne ce npHcaAHTH, Kopa mmaii, 
-raiiKa n MaTKa. 

H3Me^y cbhx Ha^HHa npnca^HBaifca o i ien>e ce hc- 
Tii'ie Ha npBO Mecro, a Hapo^iHTO je y bcihkoj npnMeHH 
koa M^aAHi^a y pacmiy. OA^HKyje ce THMe, iuto ce 
Bp.io 6pso h3boah, ihto cy M-iaAapn Kojn fl36njy H3 

npncaAa Bek npBe 
roAHHe Bp^io CHaai- 
hh, na ce Teate o- 
qeitaBajy Hero koa 
Apyrnx Hamraa, 3a- 
thm H>HMe ce npaBH 
Haj siaita paHa, Te je 
3aTO Haj6oAH h naj- 

HpHpOAHHJH IiaMBH 

npHcaijMBaifca. A o- 
ceM Tora, ihto ce koa 
OBor Ha^HHa yno- 
TpeCwbaBa casio Be- 

3HBO, a He H BOCaK, 

h ibto ce oiieite npe- 
Ay3HMa y Ao6a, KaA 
BOhap HeMa to.ihko 
noc./ia, Kao h c pa3- 
aqt&, mTO ce hoa- 
aot& Moate yno r rpe- 
6flTHH3a ApyrnKOJH 
Ha^HH npHca^HBaaa, aKO ce npncaA He 6h npiniHo — 
y3HMa ce a& je oqe&e He caMo HajtfoJBH n HajnpupoA- 
hhjh Bet n HajnpaKTnqHHJH HaiHH npnca^HBaita. A 3a 
6pecKBe e Kajcnje o^eae je jeAHHH Ha^iHH, kojh ce npe- 
nopyqyje, h caMO H>HMe y CTaity cmo obc boJikc no bojle 
pa3MH05KaBaTH h OA])JKa,BaTH hx y 3ApaB^r»y n Ayp ai HiiocTM. 




d. 100. A BHJOKa, poAHa rpaHa; a, b 
h c n;BeTHH nyuo^mn; B cnpeM.£eHa 
uoMora 3a o^eae; G H3oe4 npncaAa. 



HAMHHD IIPHCA'BIJBAFbA 



213 



Bajosa aa iipo.ieme o^eibe ceqe ce c rpana o,\ 

ui.t' (ii[iuiii.ie) roomie, a sa .leme h jeceite oneibe 
jsnia ce c M.ia,i,apa. Big ok a ua.i.a ,i,a je Henno cia- 
unja oa M.ia.um* 4 . noA^ore, a rane^y cbhx rpaffsmja 
n:ijun.i, ( ' cy sa OBaj nocao one, Koje cy ocpe^ibe jamme 

• i.iiHe. oinia. soja Le ce ynoipedHTH 3a (rae&e, 
na.i.a ,vi cy noTnyHO pa3Bnjen;i. iiy ,i,a uncy OTnoie^a 
repaTi : a iio,\ .iemer h jece&er oieita Tpeda oopa- 
thth nut&y join h Ha to, ^a je BHJoica neniTO ApBe- 
iijuTa, a r \n je imaK coHHa. 

Ako Botae, i;oje he ce npeno .leia o^hth, Tepajy 
mgho, in 66 c Tora rpaiiuiiiio ne Oh MOMe aobo&ho 
34pB6HHTH, on.i,a Jim ce caapeBaj&e MOJKe, i;ao iiito je 
Hai'.t'.v'iio. yup;:;mr espftHBaftei (nHHCOBaH>eM) BpxOBa, 
tj. rpetfa n sa 8 h Bimie #aHa npe oneii.a saKrayTB 
BpxOBe, MUM .1^' Tinny bhcmhj 04 30 — 40 CM. 

Iia.i je sacTjnHJio aorta o^eiby, on^a B&&a <M_rcl.ii 
biijoky (ci. KH A) ii cm OflfimnjiTis. Bpiimii n ,1011.11 
Aeo (B h C), jep cy obh neynoTpeo.unw 3a oneibe, 3a- 
tiim yiMOHiiTii .ihihU Tai.'o, ,i,a iim neie^bKe ocTaiiy y 
jymMER 3a 1 ei. (E), 11a iix ,1,0 ynoipetfe HyBain sa 
noMenyTH HaniiH. 

rp;(ioniii,;i f i,pi:oli,i 11 imio.ba. C8 ::iim:!o.iohiim .111- 
111I10M. i:,i,i, ce oho ;i;<\iii omutii. ho rpetia yk.i;iii>;i.tii 
.lnnitii-: a ,i.;i (fa ce o.i.iinn.io p;i,i, iipn canon o'ich.v. rpe6a 

IHCKy ll|)Occl,ii r io no.ioMiiHo. Mnoril i:ol.;ipll ocT;i!:.l,;ijy 

noaoBHHy JHcra 11 KOABohaica km.i, oto cjyatHe CTpaHe, 

il.lll TO.MO HOMO .\l<- 

Caio ow&e HpiiiH ce y ^otfa, i.-a.i, je no^ora 
nonm. 1 aa Toje uajaroAHBJe Bpeiie: anpn.i, mhj, jyra, 
jy.ui, aBryci b cenTditfap. 

aiipiuy 11 \i;ijy Tp 111 oirn.a. 

Mlio je lluM.-ll) Im. C 1 jM||,, „| ||.MM(' r ni,r lo.UIIIc 1.0,' 



214 



BOUKE H BOUE 



TopacTa). Ta^a Tpe6a o^hth : TpGnnte, 6pecKBe, Kajcnje, 
da^eM, ja6yKe h KpyniKe. BnjoKe Ba&a o^cetn y 406a 
04 jaHyapa ao $e6pyapa h 40 ynoTpe6e ^Bara lito 
naMHBBje. 




Ci. 101. A rpaH^Hn;a, 04 Koje he ce ynoTpetfuTH 3a o^eae caMO 
Aeo D (H3Mehy B h C) ; E je Taj aeo D c Kor je yKAoaeHo AHrahe. 

(keite y obo Aoda (y npo^ete) 30Be ce oneme 
Ha 6yAHu uyuojban (6yAHO oko), a o^eae Asm h y 
jecGH 30Be cg o^gbdG Ha upuTdjuu uyuojban. H jgaho 
h Apyro o^eite Bpnin cg no;y'6/],HaKO, na h npnca^ ce 
BG3yje Ha hcth Ha^HH, a pa3^HKyje cg Me^y co^om caMO 



HA'IHHII IIPIIC.V&HBAII.A 



-215 



j roue, qito ce ii'".i upojiemer o'len.a Affropacra ii.m 
M.ia f \ajm. iia KOJHMaje OTOHO, iuto (50A6 i-aiuijy (<\i. 102), 

rim. ni\.\ oime norepa, upeKpaTe OAMax n::na,i, 
oqeHor necra. I r jmra.i on ce apiMio, tj. yienrreHa owna 

cjtacia uii :;a aOAAOry h y c.iyqajy, ^a ce OBe pa^ae 
h He Bprae, ajin OKua He 6h noTepa.ia hcto roAime, 
ii.ih. ■ aKO 6a noTepa-ia, M.ia^apn He 6n 6eah TaEO 
cHasHH, Kao Ka^ ce H3Bpine HaBe^eHe pa/i,H»e. 
OqeaeoA.iyna.wjy- 
1 1 r66 oume. 
i He Tpe6a BoiiKe o- 

HHTH Ha fly^HH UlllKxhilK 

c Tora hito ce ao 3HMe M.ia- 
,uij»n ae lory GBaK&fl .v»- 

BOAHO 3ApBeHHTfl, V KOM 
.•.lyiajy i ■i|»a.\ajy oa «pa- 
36Ba : y obo Aotfa, 

ii c jeceHH, Tpe6a 
o'nmi na upuTOJHU u;i- 
uojbak. Aeme (we&e Ha 
HpiiTajmi nyiio.i.ai: nciia.ia 
naju" ».],•■ k«m, pyxa, na ce 
3aTO OHO ROfl MX, MOffie 
ce }»' iiin<» n yin>- 

B&e BoLasa sa 

npn ra.JHH iiyn.u.ai; iinia,i,a Haj6oA€ ::a PJKOM, i:a,i, CO, 

npeu Tone sasBa je roAHHa, iSBpma j aotfa <>.i, .iy.ia 

ii lining ,iniiim.i<'. npi w.'\iy rpetfa nasiTB 

M.ia,i,niif nonycTHJie j nopacry, a ,i,;i cy imai; 

eorae, i ,ia ce pauge o*ie cTapq'e M.ia.i.mir b M.ia.umr 

eoopqei pacta n oho, soje ce o«e j KpyHi, a AOiuuje 

M.i;'l><' I! 6jJHHJe \i.ia.i,mn\ n one, Koje «'•' BHCKO «>M<'. 




02. O'iciia p\;K.i na rpuHana 

ii. in M.i:ia;ipn\iu iiiiiuypKa. 



216 



BOUKE II BCKE 



Ako cy no^re y Ao6a OHeaa bj)ao conne, a 
TanaB je oayqaj odiimio y ni/LHBa, ?jtt>k, 6a^eMa, Ma- 
rpHBe h naHapnife, OH/^a ce cpauiKHBaite oKua Moate hot- 
homohh, a y hcto Bpejie cnpe^HTH 4a OKne ao jeceHn 
ne noTepa, ai(0 ce CKpite jua^apn Ha noA.fl.03H; a aKO 

cy jaKH, 6yJHH, OH^a hx h noBe- 
3aTH Ha Ha^HH, Kao iqto to 
noKa3yje ci. 103. Hda cinKa 
HOKa3yje ABoroAnnnty niJbHBOBy 
M^a^my, Koja je onena y B. 
M.iaAapnMa (E) cKpaeHH cy 
BpxoBH, na cy saTHM noBeaaiin. 
/l,OHHe c jeceHH, 3hmh n.ur 11a 
npo^eke OAce^e ce rpana (C) 
n noA^ioia npeKpaTH (D), a aeo 
noA^ore H3HaA npncaAa, kojh 
ce 30Be uaTpjb, ocTaBH ce 11a- 
poHHTO, Aa ce 3a h> Apyre 
roAHHe npHBeate loaAap kojh 
he HCTepaTH H3 OKua, Te ce na 
Taj HaHHH yuiTeAH npHTKa, Koja 
6h HHa^e 6n.ia H0Tpe6na, a& 
canyBa loaAap oa Be'rpoBa, kojh 
6h ra momh o^eHyTH. 

/I,a ae he oa oneita 6hth 

y Koje je oieHO aCwo y B, y cnexd ^^ H e > T0 3aBHGH nopeA 
a rpaHe noTKyn^ene h npn- OCOf)HHa, KOJHMa C6 MOpa OA^H- 

KOBaTH HOA^ora h BHjoKa, jom 
h oa noroAa 3a Bpesie oneaa, h oa BemTHHe h 6p3HHe 
paAa, 0H6H>a. 3a o i ieH>e je HenoBO^HO, KaA je BpeMe 
Baaarao h x^iaAHO, KaA KHuia naAa h KaA cy jaKe poce 
h cyme; a cara paA Tpe6a bpihhth, aKO je boko mo- 
ryfiHO, ihto 6pate h H3JyTpa. KaA ce HMajy ohhth mi a- 




HA'iiiiin nniCALiir.An.A 



m 



r \\\\W na rymi.M :j('M.i.a.Ma. on \i\ je HajOOAe pa r i,irnT noc.io 
KMrne, n. in y npoTiiBH03i 4a ce npHCta.3, no oMen.y iiito 

.:a.injt>. 

Bmo ,\a Ke ce owiitii na uy.uni 11.111 na iipH- 
TajHii nyiio.i.aK. noTpefao je ,\a ce c iipiinpeM.wiinx 
I 




C.i. lo4. U n] C.i. 105. Kaio ce fispesyje &opa ,i.i co oane c b>om 
lopaBHB nose o.uyoimi. 

:n H8H8A 

i<U ll V- 
IOJ 

ipaii'iiiii.'i CKIHy, n::pc;i;y. iioiprfiiiM okiui. To co HSBOftH 
n;i i.i'.m iiawnna: fca jpeeTa 11 c ApeeTOM. 

■Misaja '. oin,a je r.iamio 

na iiito np!i TOM tjm*m;i ii;i.:iith. jp ce n;i iiyiio.i.iry 11.:- 

iivrp.i ii;i.i;i.tii ■•, jop nna'ic eeke imitii jrcnexa 

p.i.Ui OBaKO : n;:na,i, n BCH04 ii\iio.u;a 



218 



BOUKE H BOUE 



3a 10 — 15 mm., iipeM.i AeCMbHHH rpaii'iime, aaceqe ce Kopa 
BO^opaBHO (ci. 104), na ce 3aTHM 3a to.imko mcto mh.ih- 
MeTapa 3ace^e Kopa h c je^ne h c Apyre CTpaHe, npn 
^eMy ce na3H && ce saceun ynpcTe hcho/j, nyno.tKa Ha 
BO^opaBHOM 3aceKy (ca. 105 h 106). TaKO HCKpojeHy 
Kopy Tpe6a ca^ o^y^HTH (F h Gl). 

y HOBHje Ao6a cbh 6oa>e bo- 
hapn CKH^ajy OKue 3aje/j,H0 c /jjme- 
tom, a obo je Hapo^HTO 3ro4HO 3a 
cymue roAHHe, Ka# ce Kopa He M<me 
Ofl,Aj6ETE oa ApseTa, a 4a ce iMHua 
He noBpe^H. Pa^H Tora Tpe6a H3Ha^ 
h hchoa nyno./bKa, Kao h koa HaBe- 
^eHor HaqnHa, 3acetiH BO^opaBHO Kopy, 
na 3aTHM 03ro Ha Hnaje y npaBHj Mcnpe- 
KHAaHHX jiHHHJa Ha cji. 106 (E)nce- 
iiH nyno&aK c TaHKHM MOJeM #pBeTa. 
Ka^ je CKHHyTO OKne, OH^a Ba&a 

Ha M^a^HUH HahH TaKO MeCTO, Ha KOMe 

je Kopa MaTKa, TaHKa, M-aa^a h 

co*raa, na Ty 3aceiiH Kopy y o6aek^ 

T hjih _L (cji. 107 c), na3etH npn 

tom && ype3H tfy^y to.ihkh, ko^ihkh 

je h nyno^aK c KopoM. Ka/i, ce o*ra 

npn seMAH, Tpe6a ynoTpednTH npBH 

ype3 (T), a Ka# ce o*ra y KpyHH, 

OH^a je 6o^bh Apyrn ype3 (_L), jep y 

TaKOM ciyqajy KnniHHHa Hete hh 

Ma^io 3a.ia3flTH y npnca/i,. Ca CTpaHe 

ypesa KoniTaHHM Ae.iOM h^h hoktom Ha Hoaty Tpetfa 

OMyCteTH Kopy, yMecTHTH nyno^aK h npnca/i, yBe3aTH. 

y Heox copaTa KpyinaKa OKua cy b])ao ^gasl, 

Kao h y AHB^er KecreHa, na 4a 6n ce ,iaKiue yMecToa 



Ca. 106. E HcnpeKH- 
AaHe ^HHHje nona- 
3yjy npaBan; y komg 
Tpe6a Kopy npope- 
aaTH ; F oiiu,e cupeAa; 
G OKn,e uo3aAH. 



IIA'nUIlI lllMUWTiHRAH.A 



"219 



(vnnn.ia), B6 op&Bfl ce ype3 n;i iio,vio;;n \ nd.inicy T, 
Heh y Biuy Kpcra ( + ) ? Kao iiito noKasyje ml. 108. 
Ilocie 8 — 10 Aasra no o^ietty Moaxe ce Bet 3HaTH, 
r Vi .in ce lipiu'a.i, i[[)iimho eau HHJe. Ako ce OB,iain no- 
bv'io nere&sa o,t, .nicTa nope^ OKna, na ce OBa H3Byqe, 
OTKime, oiua ce npnca^ npfljrao, a aKO ociaHe, Kao iiito 






C.l. 107. B BOAOpaBHl ::;u:rK, C 3aceK y:»,,l\ 7KHII : APyra f.iin;:i iio- 

inii oAjyft&yje lopa sa doaiosh ; ipeha, oa- 

i (B), a MGTKp'JM B3M6A yi:c;'.;iiit)i' npHC&fta. 



je h 6iua, h aKO je nyno&aE inline name n,|tn b cmc- 
KypaH, oiii.;i ce npica^ Bije npmcio. K.n ee beai 

ii|.ii\ih<». i:,i.i.;i M.i;i,niiiy i[|M'i:p;iTHTH ii::ii;i.i, 

nynoAKa 8a l ( > 15cm., i-i 6i ce 3a aaip*, sac hito 

iMiiiiujc UpHB63aTH m.];i.i,;i[i. i;;i.i, 
;;i L5 20 I'M. 



220 



BOfiKE II BOUK 



Kao h koa npnca^HBaifca rpaminHOM, TaKO h koj\ 
oqejta rpaHqnuoM h nyno.i>KOM 7 MHoro je 6o^.e ^a ce oho 
He Bprnn koa BotaKa y hctoj to^khh, y kojoj cy h ca- 
t>«iJio ? Ben ao ro/i,HHe. 

Jom ce o*in uojiyupcTenoM n upcTenoM. 
Onetbe uostyupcTeuoM. Obo ce o i ieH>e ynoTpedjLaBa 
KaA cy no,pore 0/ia6e, eau oa ce OKua He Mory .ieno 
yMecTHTH y Kopy MJiaAHne, eae aKO M^nne Hncy co i rae, 
r re ce Kopa He Moate o,py{)HTH. 

Ha BfljouH y- 
ce^e ce Kopa H3- 
mj\, echoa h ca 
cxpaHe OKHa y mi- 
Ay T ieTBopoyr./ia 
(ci. 109) h Kopa 
0/viy6n (Ka^ ce 
o^y^n, ARmi mx 
nojiynpcTeH),aiia 

H0M03H HCKpOJH 
Ce HCTO TO^HKO 

nap^ie Kope, Koja 
ce o^y6n eae fl- 
eece, h Ha H>eHO 
MecTO yiecTH H3- 
Ba^eHH nyno^aii 
n yBeate. OBaj 
a h MHoro ce Teate 





Ca. 108. Oieae AHB-/ter KecTeHa h hgkhx 
copaTa KpyinaKa (Olivier de Serres ht/u). 



Ha*iHH oiien,a ynoTped^aBa ce peTKO, 

H3BO/l,H, HerO HOMeHyTH Ha^IHH. 

Ouetbe upcTenoM. J (DpaHHjCKOJ h HTayiHJR 
mhomt TBp^e, ,a,a je opax, hhtomh Kecien n j\y<\ naj- 
6o&e npnca^HBaTH Ha OBaj na^iHH, Ha 4a to Hwje y 
CTBapn, jep cy Apyrn Ha^HHH h ^aicniH n (ipsa h no- 
YSAaraJH. 



HAMIIHII lll'IICALlir.All.A 



221 



H3boah ce oBUKo: c M.uuime, r^e je rMTKa n 
M.ia.ia Kopa. o,viyon ce npffrea Kope y ^jshhh 3a 10 
40 15 cm. (<\i. 110), na ce na H>eroBo MecTO yMecTH 

T04HKO IH'.IIIKII II IHlipoK EpCTeH C BHJOEOM (A), 

na K0M6 cj j«',iaii u.iii pa iiyno.i,i;a n no TOM yBeate. 
U'k'H.r obo Moxe ce ii:]hjuiiutii y npo.ieke, y Aeto h yjecen, 



i 



»*, 



D 



A 

I 



B 




! 1 0.1V- 

■pcreHov. 



LOO. Oie- C.i. 111. 0*e*e, i;.-u ce 
H>e npcTe- Kop;i na QpCTeHy nci;;i- 
HOM. jiiiiui. 

iiv ii|m>.i»-th,i' ,ihm;i CMftTpa 66 Sao iiajuo.i.c. n to <>n,i,a i;a v i, 

mi.ii iiaoyojic i! km,i, ce Kopa nose .iai;<> <u,.i youth. 

BeKB B6 yi.'.iaii.ajy npCT6B C M.ia r yiue. Bel my 

HCKaJHinajy, kcokj y naHT&HKe (<m. Ill E) i 

necre opcTOB <• BigoKe, na sa- 

ii.m nocyBpare, tj. o&aose lunia yuenrreHB 

B npiica.i, oiuam iij»i'Ma;i;\ BOCKOM. 



##** 



-J ■ - ! ' '■ ' 



XI 

HA KOJH HAHHH H F KOJE BPEME TPEBA UPHCAMBATH 

nOJEAHHE BPCTE BOTiAKA 



Aa ce npnca^ noys^aHO npniH, no'rpe^HO je && 
3HaM0, kojh je Ha^HH npnca^HBaifca HaJ3ro/*HHJH 3a no- 
je^HHe BpcTe BonaKa h y Koje ra Bpene Tpe6a HSBecra. 
TOMe H3HetieMO y obom o^e^Ky ko^ CBaKe BOHKe Ha 
no ce e Haj3roAHHJe iwiHHe npnca^HBaaa h Hajy^ecnnje 
BpcMe 3a OBaj pa/i, ; a tom npn^HEOM yqHHHheMO h 
HeKe HanoMeHe, o KoJHMa Haje 6eao roBopa y npe^BHM 

Koje ce no^ore nory y3eTH 3a noje^HHe bohrc, 
noMeHyTO je y Ta*iHH 5 o^Ka IX, na 3aTO npn H3- 
6opy Ha^iHHa npHcal)HBaH>a Tpeda h h>hx HMara Ha yMy. 

1. IIpHcaljHBaBe ja6yKa. M-aa^e no^ore (ioa- 
AHU,e) Hajdo^e je npnca^HBaTH oueneM h cuajatteM. 

Ilo/^ora, npoHSBe^eHa H3 ceMeHa, Moate ce npn- 
caAHTH upu 3eMJbu H3Ha£ BpaTa, a Moate h y bhchhh 
KpyHe; Me^yraM xo^aH^CKy jadyKy h ne r rpoBaqy ja- 
6yEy Tpe6a npncaijHBaTH yeen npn 3eM^H. 

CBe copTe OApe^eHe 3a bhcokc Bote, Koje cy 
HHa^ie cnopor pacTa, Tpe6a npncat)HBaTH y Kpyim ; a 



HA'IllH 11 BPEME 111'1K'A1:.11!:A1I.A 



aso ce n nn.viura pasBHja cnopo, Tpetfa je npe Tora 
npm-mimi ii j hi :umi.i,h copTaMa Koje paciy 6yjno (Kao 
hum cj Transparent de croncels, Kpymra Presquin, 
Noire de Yirty, BOJBOTKHita O^ra, acyTa napneHKa), 
na nn r \ ce npon3BeAe ao noTpeCwe BHCHHe, OH^a je y 
sp ymi npieaftKTl H3a6paHHH copiana. 

CWeite na tfyABii nyno&as Tpe6a H3BpniHTH y 
aapuAy; bhjokc Ba.ia OAcekn c rpana oa nponuie ro- 
AHHe, y i jaiiyapa ao MapTa, h ao ynoTpetfe 

-lyiuirn y neeKj. ,l,<>miHJe, y jyjiy n aBrycry, npnca^yjy 

ia/i,ime joni caiio Ha npirraJHH nyno^aK. 

Ha iijio.iehe najiipe noTepa neTpoBaqa ja6yKa, 
UlOM xOA&RAGKa jatiysa, a najnoc/ie AMB&aKa npOH3- 

i na Genera. Obo je Bp.10 Ba^HO 3HaTH koa o^ieita, 

iiito y ciyuajy i:a,i, ce n.Ma omhth y Be^iHKOJ ko- 
.iii'iiihii. tj. Tpetfa Hajnpe o^ihth neipoBaqy jatfyicy, 
I xo.iaiiA'Ky jauvi;y, n naJ3aA AHB-fcaity npofl3Be- 
.vny H3 cesieiia. 

ii jnica l)ii iwtH.e .leTopacTHMa, rpanaMa, i.-pyeoM 
ii.iii H.iixonnM .u'.ioiuiMa iiajdo,i>e je Bpe>ie anpn.i H Maj, 
a Bam aurycT n ceirnvMnap. 

2. npHca^HBaBe Kpymaica. KpyniKe ce Mory 
t yenexoi iipiicaljiiiiaTii, \n\,\ ce ynoTpedn 6yAH koji 
iia'iuii iijiiical,iiiiaii,a. Unas, 3a MJiafye noA-iore Haj6o.i>e 

'■•TjM'uinii ouene n caqja/He, BaTH caajcme ca 

crpane, y upoyea, u<>,i Kopy n oneibe zpaHHUitOM. 

limn y .///./// i aezyary na npnaJHB 

i. in na'iiinii BBBOA6 66 6 npo.H'lia. Ofl 
Miopia AO M"i". Ai.-m cj luijoKe Aotfpo o'lyiiam', mojko 
m upica^HBaTB B^oiiraje; n.m je man iinj«Vi.<\ aso 

66 npn<-ai;vj;. i. <ii!M iiacryiin KprraiM' GOKOBE. 

M.ia.inih- KpymoBe tocto aanpacHO asrytfe cbojj 

CO«fH0 C <>'|r||,r\| IK' T|»cua IV IV. :ani. MlIM 



L 2 L 24 BOUKE II BOUE 



ce npHMeTH a^ nonyni'rajy y nopacTy h a& .innine ao- 
6nBa 3aTBopeHfljy 6ojy, hito 6nBa y jyAy, OAMax r rpe6a 
npe^yBeTH oneite. 

CBe copTe KpyniaKa Koje paciy cnopo, a Koje cy 
OApefyeHe 3a BHCOEe BoiiEe, Tpeda npncaAHTH y EpyHH, 
noniTO ce npe Tora npon3BeAy no^ore npHca^HBaaeM npn 
3eM^H ? h to oa copaia 6yjHor pacia, Hnp. oa nacTpMEe, 
AeoHTOBKe, eHMecEe BOAeaane, HopMaHCKe neneHEe hta. 
Ha OBaj HaqnH, tj. ^Bory6nM npnca^HBaK»eM copTe eva- 
dor pacTa ^o^Htie Bet nocie 3 — 4 ro^HHe no npnca^H- 
Baay .ieny EpyHy, ^a ce Mory npecaAHTH Ha vy&aeq mgcto. 

^Bory()o npnca^HBaifce ynoTped&aBa ce c hcthm 
ycnexoM h eoa cbhx ohhx copaia, Eoje, Henocpe^HO Ha- 
BpHyie Ha Ayity, He Hanpe^yjy hoboaho, Eao Hnp. Eon- 
rpecEa, rpyiEOBepcEa BOAeH»a^a, THEBnnnna, Ban Mapy- 
MOBa, Ma^aM TpeB, 6a3Ba, Mapija ^LyJ3a, Hano^eoHOBa 
BOAei&ana hta., na 3aT0 Ha ^yay r rpe6a npeTXO^HO o^hth 
hah Ha Apyrn eojh Ha^iHH npnca^HTH copTe, Eoje na 
Boj Ao6po HanpeAyjy, ycneBajy. Oa obhx npenopynyjy 
ce 3a HHCEe BoiiEe (EpMynra) : nacTpMEa, XapAnjeBa 
BOAeaaqa, abopceh caBeTHHE, apxHenncEon JoBaH (Erz- 
bischof Hans) h AP-, a 3a bhcoe6 BOhEe : aBpamnEa, 
XapAnjeBa BOAeitaqa, n CBe copTe 6yJHor n npaBora 
pacia. 

3a ABopHDiia n MecTa, Ha Eojnna je 3eio>a no- 
AecHa 3a raje&e Ayaa, nocBe je eophcho rajen>e bhco- 
ehx EpymaEa Ha a)™bhm HOA^oraMa, jep cy BOhEe 
Aypanme, Bp.io poAHe, nBeTajy join npBe roAHHe no ca- 
]?eH>y, n poA h no EpynnoliH n no .lenoTH n no EaEBonn 
He ycryna hh y eoaheo poAy eojh je npon3BeAeH Ha 
nnpaMHAaia; a npn tom caMO rajeite lie craje toaheo 
TpyAa h MyEe, Eao rajeae nnpaiHAa, Eoje ce CBaEe 
roAHHe Mopajy ope3HBaTH, CEpiEHBaTH hta. 



HAHIIII H BPEME nPnCATsHBAlbA. 

3. npHcaijHBaae Ays>a, ^yae je e2lj6ojlq ohutu 
ua upuTOJm uyua&OK y jyjiy h aBrycTy, a c hobo.i.- 
hhm ycnexoM h3boah ce n cnajcme, upucaljuecme ua 

>n; n a upoueu, Ka^ ce H3B6Ae y npo./ieke — y 
MapTy. Ka .t je 6jiara 3iDia, ^yaa Kpeke Bet y $e6py- 
apy; na 3aTO BnjoKe Tpetfa OAceLn dito paHnje — y 
janyapy ii.in npBnx Aana $eopyapa. 

4. npHcaijHBaae MymMy^a. MymMyjie je najfiojbe 
' an upuraJHU uyuoJbdK; a Aotfpo Hcna/i,a 3a 
: ii Bpucafiuecme y upwyeu, ua nceum, uorf 

KOpy II <U<tj(l}{>r. 

3a BHJOKy Tpeda y3eTii casio TaKBy, Ha kojoj cy 

oKua Aoopo pa3BHJeHa ; npHca^HBara Tpe6a npn 36M;lh, 

jep H3 M.ia,T,HD;e (6e^ora iviora), Ka^ ce bhcoko npnca- 

byje. H36nja cBaKe roAHHe no HeKa KO^n^Hiia notfo^irax 

lapa. 

•"». IIpHcal)HBaH,e ocKopyma. OcKopyme je Haj6o.fce 

oqHTH y jy.iy : a y npo.ieiie npncat)HBaTH ce Mory 

y uojia upowua, y v#o upowu, caa- 

m h f">,i />'<>/>>/. Ka,; ce 3a no^ory y3ire 6qae 

. rpeua npiica^HBaTH npn 3eiLBH Kao h Mymaiyjiy. 

UpHcai/HBafte Tpemaaa h BHmaaa. Ilo/pore 

H£ (opama/pe) w Mazpaee noAecHe cy 

■" BWHH6 npiiruljiiuaii.a, a.m cy BUM iiajnoBO.Liinjii: 

caaji enzAecfcu uauun, upece^Aacw cuajcme, 

afiuean>e na uceuaK, uoa nopy, y uoao, upowint, 

y tfeo ni»>«.<ti n onetbe. OneiLe ce npeAy:uiM;i y Majy 

,i,iiii iiviio.Imii,-. ii <m, jy.i;i ,iu eenreiKSpa ua apiray'HH 

n yiio in na'iiiiiii ii;i iipo.u«hr, ii TO J MapTy 

ipuy. 3a oMt'ii-f ua ny.iiin iiyiiu.i.ni; rpetfa y36Tii 
ugosj oa uptime roAiHe. Ka,i, cj Tpemae o*eHfi ua 
rpemfcj npoi la ceMeaa n.ni ua narpHBy, a npa 

:in;ii.M :{<'.m.i.;im;i. lie iianpf\i,y|\ raKO BOBO&HO, 



226 BOUKE H BOTVE 



Kao Ka^ ce npnca^e Ha Apyrn kojh Ha*iHH. 3aTO o^eae 
y OBaKHM npH^HKana He Tpe6a hh ynoTpeC^aBaTH. Bh- 
joKy 3a npo^ieTH>e npncafyaBaite Tpe6a OAcekn y jaHyapy, 
a HajAa^e y $e6pyapy, na je ao ynoTpe6e qyBaTH Ha 
x.ia.a.HHM MecTHMa h r^e cyHne He Aonnpe. 

Ho^ore, OApefyeHe 3a BHcoKe BOHKe, Mory ce npn- 
caAHTH nps 3eMj.H, ano cy copTe, Kojnsia tie ce npn- 
caljHBaTH, 6yjHor h npaBor pacTa; a aKO cy evador 
pacTa e aKO He pacTy npaBO, Tpe6a oa HOA-iore npo- 
H3BecTH Ae&io noTpe6He bhchhc, na je o^adpaHnM cop- 
TaMa npnca/i,HTH y bhchhh KpyHe. 

HoMore 04 AEBJbQ TpeniH>e Tpeda o^hth y jyjiy, 
a MJia^e MarpHBe tck y aezycTy. Ilpn o^eay MarpHBe 
Ba^a na3HTH, ^a je Bpene cyBO h tohao, jep ce mie 
OMorykaBa noBO&HHJe cpanrnHBaite yMenneHor OKua; a 
M^a^ape, Ha KojnMa je otoio, Tpe6a caBHTM eae cKpa- 
thth, oceM OHora kojh ciyatn 3a npoAyaceae. 

3a pa3MHOffiaBaH>e yKpacHHX copaTa, imp. Pseudo 
cerasus, Cerasus semperflorens h Cerasus Chamae- 
cerasus Tpe6a TaKO^e y3eTH 3a noA-iory aebjlj Tpemity 
h MarpnBy. 

7. IIpHca^Baae imbHBa. Typryite (TpHonLMrae) 
h naHapHKe (P. mirabolana) HOAecHe cy 3a CBe Ha^HHe 
npHca^HBaH,a, a Kao Haj6o^n Ba.^e no pe^y: onewe, 
cuajeme, cuajawe ca CTpam, onew zpamutjOM, upu- 
cajjueatbe na uceuan e upueafjuecme norf nopy. 

O^ieae Tpe6a npeAy3eTH y jyjiy, a koa M-iaAHx 
uaHapnKa ciatfor pacTa y cenTei6py. OcTa^e HaquHe 
Ba&a H3BpmHTH na npo.iehe, y anpn^iy, e y jeceH, y 
cenTeM6py. 

Ako cy y A^a o^eaa noAAore 6yJHor pacTa, aKO 
ce oqe M^aAe HOA^ore e aKO ke ce owra H3HaA Bpaxa 



HAHIIH II BPEME nPHCAtnBAH.A 227 

ii<aiore, tj. npn 3en.Ln, OH^a M.iiuape ipetfa cKpaTHTH 
n.in noBe3aTn. 

le npon3BecTH Kao bhcok6 BOHKe copie 

CAatior parra, imp. cnrae ayTe irapatfejiKe, Tpetfa hx 

iipiinuimi y Kpyim, n to hoihto ce r pory()HM npnca- 

IjiiBaH.eM npoH8B6Ay no r pore oa 6yJHHX copaTa, ao bb> 

cih€ Kpyne. 3a obo cy noAecHe copie : Hallaras, 6a- 

penKAOAa, Ayeencxa Jieuarmta h cbg oho Koje 

jho n npaBO. Ha OBaj HaqflH copTe ciatfor 

Korj ce o^hth n.in na Apyrn kojh HaqnH npn- 

ra.T.iirii uefi y flpyroj 10,1,111111, n to ^BorytfnM npncatjn- 

Baoei, y Kpyim npoH3BeAeHe no/viore. 

8. IIpHcaijHBaae Kajcaja. H>nx Tpe6a npacafjH- 

v juajy meneM na GyAwu uywoJba/K. Bbjokg 

B&ba OAce&i y jaHyapy c npoiu.ioroAHniH>nx rpaHa (jie- 

Topacra) 11 'lyiumi \o vnoTpetfe Ha x.ia.mini MecrHMa 

(imp. y ii<>:i,pyMv. cyrepeHMa hta-)- Kajcuje ce o i ie 

c Bp.i«» hoboahhm ycnexoa 11 y jyxy na upuTajnu wy- 

uomk, a TH.iu ce yafmra BHJosa c M.nuapa ncTe ro- 

V wpoM&e iory ce npHca^HTH Kajcnje h rpan- 

'iiiumm: ciiajaibtwi. ca CTpane, Ha nceiaK, . y nponen h 

nj)U.i,yn.LiiBaii,«'M. ny pecydTaTfl cy, invwBinir npu.i.yo- 

.i.hbhim*. biiiik' Maii.c iHMioBo.i.iin, 're ce 3aT0 o^eae ECTine 

fiajno.i.u lia'iini pasMHOxaBafta Etajcija. 

Ii'a,! ce sajeqe raje ww racse Botoe (Kpuymp), 

on. ia 11M noAAore Tp<'o;i apica^im npii seiuui : a i.*a,i 

«COK€ BOtae, i:;i.i.;i ux iipnca,i,iiTH \ i;pvnn. 

.;;i pasBBJaoe no^-iore ,v» h<»- 

Tpefae BECiHe \.;m\ copTe (JyJHOi pacTa, aero AiB&aKe, 

cbhx saJBime ce neHe: Hallaras, xyeencKa 

pctca penKAO^a, Vaicaisne, Kara- 

itherine) h mw dhc Koje pacrj 6jjho 

M hdi 



228 BOUKE H BOUE 



9. IIpHcatjHBaae 6pecaKa. 3a h,hx je Haj^o^e 
ynoTpednra ouene. Ha TpHomyBHBaMa (TypryaaMa) o^eae 
ce Bpnra y jyjiy ; a oa ce o^e Ha 6aAeMy, OH^a y 
aezycTy. H Ha je^HOJ h Ha Apyroj noAA03H Moate ce 
H3BpniHTH h y upomfie, Ha 6yAHH nyno^aK, h to y 
awpujiy. 3a npBO o^ieae Ba^a OAcekn BnjoKe c rpaHa 
oa HCTe roAHHe (MAaAapa), a 3a Apyro y jauyapy 
c rpaHa oa nponme roAHHe (AeTopacTa), h ao ynoTpe6e 
qyBaTH sx y necity, y noApyny. 

3a npoH3BO^eBe Kajcnja y oC^HKy euconux eo- 
flana ynoTpe6^>aBa ce ^eozy6o upuca1)U6cm>e, y3Hia- 
jyiiH 3a noA-iore HaBGAOHe copTe TpHonubHBa, Hapo^HTO 
Hallaras, Koja H3Me^y cbhx Aaje Haj.iennie j\,e6AO, a 
e Me^y CBeKO^HKHM copTaMa Hajdoibe hoahoch o^eae. 

Eo o^eity 6aAe>ia Ha TpHom^HBaMa Tpe6a AeTO- 
pade h MAaAape ckph»hth eae HOB63aTH, jep, ano ce 
to He y*iHHH, yMeniTeHO ce OKne peTKO KaA npnMH. 

10. IIpHcai)HBaH,e 6aaeMa. Haj6o^e je ynoTpe- 
6hth ouetbe, a ^eexo je MoryhHO ao6hth Aypanme BOHKe 
h npnca^HBaH>eM ua uceuan h y upoueu. O^eae Ha 
m.i)HBH Tpe6a H3BpHiHTH y jyjiy, a Ha 6aAeiiy y aezycry. 

HoA^ore 6aA6MOBe 3aBpmyjy cboj nopacT KacHO 
c jeceHH, na 3aTO M^aAape Tpe6a ckpbhth eae noBe- 
3aTH, jep aKO ce to He y*raHH, yMeniTeHO 6e ce OKije 
y coKy yrynrajio — He 6e cpacio. 

11. HpHcaljHBaBe opaxa. 3a npnca^HBaH,e opaxa 
CMaTpajy ce Kao HOAecHH nwnmE : uoupaejbeuo upuca- 
tfueane uofl nopy (q, a. 77), upucafiuecme y upoueu 
(ca. 68) h upujby6jbuean>e. IIpHAyd^HBaae npeAy3Hiia 
ce y mo6oae oa aupujia ao iyjia, a ocTa^n Ha^raHH 
y cao6oah y aupujiy, a y CTaoeHHM 6amTaMa y (fie- 
6pyapy e y jyjiy. BnjoKa Tpe6a A& Hiia nyno&aK Ha 
Bpxy, a AO&n ago Ba^a Aa je' ABoroAsmae apbo. IIpi- 



HAIIIH II BPEME nPHCA-BIIBAHjA 



2-29 



.i,yn.LiiBatf>e h npncaljUBaifce y npon,en h na nce^iaK boao 
CBana,i, yenexy, cauo aKO ce H3Be^y naMHBO h Be- 
nmraKK. 

y HOBHje Ao6a HCTH^e ce Kao nocBe 3roAaH Ha^iHH 
watbe y upouea U3.uefy Kpanoea, a Hapowro 
upvxatjueawe ua uceuan ucuoa epaTa MJiafluite. 

Ka/i, ce upucafjyje y upoi$eu muefy Kpamea 
(cj. 112), Tpeoa Ha^HHHTH one (a) Ha bhjoh,h Koja 
je ua ABoroAHmfteM Ap- 

.. IVEO r \a DI& H3- 

r.ieA Te.iyKa oa Hoata 

,i DOAAora ce pac- 
ijenji cano c jeAHe CTpa- 
He (b), npn ^lesiy ce 
nasi, m Apyra CTpana 
He npenyKHe. ^hm ce 
sasjUCKBigosa, ym6cth 
ce OAMax y pacu,en H3- 
nei^y rpaHa C h D, yBe- 

>acnpeAeHHM i:ana- 

:i.ui «i»y.ioM n npe- 
iiase bockom. rpaHe C h 
D Tpetfa CKpaTirni, ,ia 
6e ce o.iaKina.io cpa- 
IIlKlIl; jeceH ZAE CAt USL npHca^HBaae y npoKen E8- 

V JIffo.l*'},,' VIMuHHTHHX *Q%J KpMOBfc 

HM. 

I.',!i, ce i.' 1 . in ynorpetiira npiinitjHBafte opaxa ua 

an ucuoa spara MMAwye (ci. 113), nno je h 

EajnoysAauije, Ba&a yaera jeAHOTOAHm&y, a najimrae 

• Uiimi.y \i.i;i,i,uny, opOH3B6A6Hy "- ; C6M6Ha, n;i je 

• Mifuiy i it » npespararfl hchoa spaTa (B a C); a 8a 

p.iijoi; i!ii»r<»,i,inmi,e rpara (jieTopaer), ua- 




230 



BOUKE H BOUE 



3eLH nps tom 4a tfy^e Taaa (caadnja) oa M^nue, 4a 





C.i. 113. JeAHoroAHima M-iaAHija. A Aeo, kojh Tpe6a OAcetii; B 

MecTo, Ha KOMe Tpeda npeKpaTHTH noA-ior) 7 ; C npeitpakeHa iioa- 

aora; D Ha^BE>eH nce^aK. A BHJOKa. B k.ihc 3a nce^aK. 



He 6yAe Ay^a oa 10 cm. h ^a HMa Bpniira nyno^aE 



HAHIIH II BPEME IlPIICAMir.Ali.A 231 

(AB). Ka r i, ee BnjoKa cnojn c no r vioro.M (M0»e 11 y 
nponen), n npnca.i, yBexe n npenaxe bockom, ipetfa 
npnca.i npeeaAHTE y x.ia.uiy .iej\\ raKO ,\a npnca^HO 
<\v,v n<u boiaoi sa 3 -5 cm., .iejy 3aTHM Tpe6a 
npespajiiTfl npoSopoM toilm .leje, h Apsara ra AOT.ie, 
AOK iipuau ne noiepa: a sua BOTepa, xpetfa npo3op 
inio OTBapara, iio^naaTH, raKO r \a ce y Aotfa, \m,\ 

M. la, lap ISpaCT6 38 10 CM., ttpOBOp VKMOHH CaCBHM. 7 

ii saA je \.ia,i,HO, npo3op Tpetfa 4a je saTBopeH. 

12. IIpHca^HBaae ApeHa. r l,pen je najdo.Le omvm 
\ 1 ;i. 1 <i n. 111 ra npiirafyimaTii cuajcmeM ca cTpane y 
Mapry 11 y fyjiy. 

lo. EpHcaijHBaae ^ecKe. Pa3MHOHtaBaH>e .lecKe 
Hpmii ce najouii'iHHJe Harpta&6M n no.aoxHiin.aMa, a 
iipiiral^yjy ce caio neKe copTe, Hnp. Corylus pendula, 
C. purpurea h Cllaciniata, i;a,i, ce se^e npoH3BeciH 
sao BMCOKfl sobce. 3a OBaj \\njb ynoTpe6-i>aBa ce Haj- 
pa^ije upu&y6A>u6cme y Mcyy n .///"//• pa#H sera ce 

M.iaAHIH' apOH8B6A6H6 113 C6M6H8 ECKOIiaJj Y jeceH, 3IIMII 

ii.iii iia npoaebe, u npeeaAe y (Sjmshhh copie, kojom 

it- npHcaAHTH, na y osHaqeHO BpeMe npu.i,y6e. Ako 

BJie owirni npiea^HBa&ei iiajmnKc rpaiie n;i .M.ia.\iinii, 

<»n.ia .M.ia f T,iiiU' rpeda yeaAHTi nemTo koco, na sarau 

yiAOHlTl CB6 Bpnrae \ua,vipe. 

14. IIpHcaijHBafte KecTeHa, ilajooii'imijii cv iia- 

■iiinn : upucafiuetme // upoyeu, cuajcme na ucenaft e 

. Bpica^lBa&e ] nponen n;ip<>'iin<» mm ncciai; n 

enajaae npeAysoa ce c upojtefia y awpiuiy, a oseae 

,//^///. Bijoie rpeda OACekB npe Bero oacryne 

jail upaaeu, na a M\n;mi j neci] 3 aoApyMj u.m y 

• in. i;a,i ce aoAase BOAopano ii ii.'iipn} wojei Bei&e 
15 cm. M.ia.io ii crapo wareae Boje se pa^a 

!».!<» ABLKQ iipnr.jiiini p«»,i.iui\i ii i;|i\iiiiii\i COpiaia, 



232 



BOUKE H BOUE 



15. UpHca^HBaae AJA^ AjA je Haj6owi>e npHca^n- 
BaTH y upotteu h oueneM na 6y^nu uyuoJban, y npo- 

Aete, y aupmiy. H 3a 
je/i,aH h 3a Apyrn Ha^HH 
Tpe6a o^cetiH BnjoKe c rpa- 
Ha ofl, nponwe roAHHe (aq- 
TopacTa), h ao ynoipede 
qyBara y necKy Ha Me- 
craMa rAe ce He Mp3He, 
Hnp. y HOApyMHMa, eyre- 
peHHMa hta. MjiaAe ahb- 
jtaKe Haj6o^»e je npnea- 
^HBaTi npn scmjlh, H3HaA 
BpaTa. 

HjeAaH h Apyrn Ha- 
mhh HcnaAajy noHaj6o^>e 
3a pyKOM y TomiirJHM Kpa- 
jeBHMa, ay x^iaAHHJHM sie- 
CTHMa HOBO^BHHJHJe yenex, 
KaA ce ynoTpedn upuJby6- 
jbiiecme ylahl KaA ce pa3- 
MHoacaBa no.aoatHHHaMa. 

16. IIpHca^HBaH>e 
CMOKaBa. 3a pa3MHoata- 
BaH>e CMOKaBa HajnoAec- 
hhjh cy Ha^HHH: upucafju- 
ean>e uofl nopy, cuajatbe 
ca CTpane e ouewe zpcrn- 
HUU/OM. Epnca^yje ce npir 
3eM^H, na ce 3 ami npn- 

Ca. 114. A saK^HineHa BHjoKa y d ; Cat>eHO MeCTO 3arpHe TpOHI- 
B noA^ora, c Koje je noKHAaHO H0M 3eji.fcOM. IIpH CaMOM 




AHfflKe; C 3aceK, y kojh h.e ce yMe- 

CTHTH BHJOKa. 



paAy Tpeoa na3HTH, a& ce 



HAHHH II BPEME nPHCA'BnBAH>A 233 

RHJosa He ycal>yje ofliax, *inM ce noA.iora npeKpain, jep 

Ta^a n3.ia3n M.ie<mn cok, Bet hodito npecTaHe cy3eH>e 

mro tfraa noc.ie HeKo.inKO nacoBa. PaHy npe Tora 

Tpetfa oqncTHTH mTO 6o.Le, na TeK on^a npHca^HBaTH. 

17. npHca^HBaae orpo3a h p^nsae. Epica^i- 

Baae orpo3a h pn6n3.ie npe r T,y3Hiia ce y HaMepn a^ ce 

npon3BGAy y otf-iHKy bhcokc BokKe, a to je y bhchhh 

<m 1 — 2 m. Haj.ienme cy, KaA cy BHCOKe 1*20 — 1*30 m. 

IIpHcatyjy ce y c,io()Oah onmm, saTHM cuajaweM ca 

crpoh ' h>cm zpawuacoM. nocieAiLH cy Ha*iHHH 

»Vlh oa o^e&a, a Bpme ce KaA h oqeae, y jyMj. 

y CTaK.ieHnii uannaAia ynoTpeCkaBa ce cuajcme, na 

nc n // UQJUk irpoiteua. 

cKopa ce BepoBajio, A& ce orpo3 h pn6H3^e He 
ihho npnca^HTH y cioCwah, a.o caA je h to 
M'TvLho. Tpetfa OBaKO pa^HTH: 

Pe3HHqe oa &yTe pn()H3,ie (Ribes aureuni) Ba^a 

leje TaKO, a& jwa oa Apyre 6yAy pa3Aa- 

20 — 30 cm., a pe^ oa pe^a 30 — 40 cm. KaA 

pe3HHue noTepajy, Tpetfa 3aApataTH Ha CBaKOJ Hajdo^n 

lap, a ocTa.ie cKpn.imi ua 2 — 3 .iHCTa h^h h ca- 

6BO yiLiOHHTH. KaA KAaA&p uocTHrHe noTpedny BHCHHy, 

mTO forea o6h*iho y Apyroj toahhh, OHAa y jy^y Tpetfa 

oAceLn ugosy oa ace.fcene copTe h npica^HTi je ca CTpaHe 

(ci. L15) ii. in je oqHTH rpamnmoM, 3aTHM npncaA Be3aTH 

ii npexaasn bockom. IIoAJiory Apyrora npo^ieLa Tpeoa 

npespanrn ii3iiaA iipuca.ia. Bigosa cpacTe join HCTor 

Am ii jecera, ;uu repa toe Apyrora npo.ietia. 

we tbpah, ,i,;i nocTHsaBa ahbhc peeyifaw i na 

iia-iim: .;;nv"i<- caMO m».l,lory (c,l. 1 14 C) H OpOMB 

\i.w\n\ n c .i«M.ii»' h c Apyre CTpaHe bhjokj (dd), 

iioA-iorv (ci. 1 1.",). ii|)iicaA yBese 

II BOGKOl II|k'M;i 



234 



BOTIKE H BOTvE 



Ka^ ce ate^Le npnca^HBaTH pH6n3^a n orpos y 
CTaK^eHHM 6amTaMa, Tpe6a pe3HHije oa aiyTe pn6H3^e 




Ca. 115. H3MeA noA-iore (Ribes aureum), y Kojy je yue- 
niTeHa BHJOKa y C; npncaA mije yBe3aH. 

OAcetH y 406a o& HOBeaidpa 40 jaHyapa, o6h^ho y 



HA'IIIH II BPEME nPHCATJIBAIfcA 235 

Ayaiimii oa 1*30 cm., copTnpaTH nx no r i,e6.i>HHH, na 
3am CBasj y Aoaeii A^y o(Lio2uith MaxoBHHOM na 
bhchhh Ofl 10 — 15 cm. lLin yB63aTn ffinnoM, h no- 
Tonnin y BOAy, na, KaA ce MaxoBima CKpo3 HaB.iaM, 
OAH6TH y i raK.H'Hy oanrry, h Ty syBara ycnpaBiio ear 
B6H0 ao npHca])HBaH,a, h MaxoBHHy qemte KponHTH. 
Iia.i BnjoKe noTepajy, Ba^a pe3HHii;e aajeAHO c naxo- 
bhhom npecaanTii y caKcnje h npncaAHTH hx cuajamM, 
,m uceuan ii.m y uoml upwteua, na Ka,i, ce npnca^H 
npiuie, hshochth hx nocTynHO Ha no.Le. /^o Apyre je- 
ceHn npncaAii tie 6iith to.ihko cHaatHH, ^a ce Mory 
npecaAKTii sa cTa,iHo MecTO. 

\ ce MecTO a;yTe pn6H3.ie ysne koa orpo3a 3a 
DOAJory APBeHacTH orpo3 (Babes uva crispa arborea), 
ycnex be oiitii b (Joah ii noysAaHnju. 




XII 

nocTynAH>E c botiKama y MCApiKy oa iiphcambam 

AO nPECA'BHBAftA HA CTAJIHO MECTO 



1. 06pat)oaBE.e h i)y6peK>e 3eM^e. /I,a loaAapn 
npnca^a 6yAy hito CHa&HHJH h a^ ce oa h>hx Aotfnjy hito 
CHaranje BOHEe c ^enoM KpyHOM k Ba^baHHM M-iasta, no- 
Tpe6HO je Aa ce 3eM^a y pacriMy odpa^yje Hajaiaae Tpn 
nyTa npeKO roAHHe, a to je y : upojiefte, mto Ejeceu. 

3a o6pal>HBaH,e 3eM^e ynoTpe6.foaBa ce o6uuua mo- 
Tuna, a 3a OAe&Ke, c eojhx cy BotiEe H3BafyeHe h Koje 
Tpe6a 3acejaTH paTapcEHM yceBHMa, Ba^ba ynoTpe^HTH 
amoe h ujiyz. 

IIpBO Konaae npeAy3HMa ce npe npnca^HBaita hjih 
ope3HBafta ; Apyro y jyHy, a Hapowro y OAe&Ey y kom 
he ce o^hth, h to nocie o^eaa; Tpete y cenTeiidpy. 
Ha npojiete h y jeceH Tpe6a EonaTH ihto a^6jlq. 

IIpH^iHEOM odpa^HBaaa 3eM^e Ba^ba o6pa.THTH namy 
na to, A& ce BOHEe motheom He noBpei>yjy hjih a& hm atn^ie 
He oiuae ; a Ha ciyiaj, a& ce Eoja BoiiEa nnaE omTeTH, 
Tpe6a paHy yr^ia^aTH h npeMa3aTH BokapcEHM boceom. 

Aeo je pacTH^o Ha Ao6poj 3ei^H, h3^hbiho je 
^ydpHTH OAe&eaa Ha Eojmia cy BOHEe, jep ce peAOBHO 



BOUKE y PACA^HnKY 237 

fyyopn OAe.LaK, kojh ce 3acejaBa paiapcKHM yceBHMa, Ha 
kojh ce 3aTHM, Kao niTO je HaBe^eHO, yca^yjy BokKe; 
a.m auo je 3eM.La .lomnx ocooHHa, OBe o^e^Ke Tpe6a 
fyyopnTH. 3a OBaj uh.l ynoTpe6.foaBa ce o6H*rao komhoct 
(MemaHan.), ocoKa (nHnneBBHa) pasCLiajiteHa boaom h 
3rope.io crajeKO l?y<5pe. 

Ako ce ase.ui, ^a ce yTimajeM l)y6peTa y noje^nHnx 
M.ia r i,nx BotaKa pa3Bnje dito Bnme jKiLia, OH^a, Kao dito 
Tere r.c.ui. Tpe6a OBano pa r T,iiTn: „npn./iHKOM npncalja- 
Baaa tux BoLaKa Baj&a hckoikith jany y to.ihkoj ^j6esr 
h ninpiiHii. Ko.iiiKO te 6hth aobojbho npocTopa jKHJiaMa 
3a 2—3 nuime ; na, Bad ce npHMeTH r ia ;Kiu.e y^apajy 
y ::/I,]>;iI;y ::rM.I>y. Tprwa JICKOnaTH 3eM./&y 3a V 3 M. ^y60K0, 

a y iini])iiiiy sa ' % K., na OBy H3MemaTn c i>y6peTOM. y 

lason ciyuajy sole BokaKa, h aKO ce noBpe^e, npo^npy 

sy^HO y iio^y6peiin c.ioj, Te ce TaKO pa3Bnje Betn 6poj 

mux Kttia (iicto, Kao n Ka^ ce npeca^yje pacTnae 

i n>e caKcuje y Bety caKcnjy) Ha mTeTy cparae aciue. 

2. npHBe3HBaH>e h cKp&HBa&e M^a,a,apa h yKJia- 

aa&e H3AaHaica. Koi, BoliKima Koje cy o^eHe Tpetfa 

c jeceini, m\,\ .miiihe ona f pe, ope3aTH no^-iory Ha naTpA, 

Heparan je 3a 10 — 20 cm. H3Ha,a, npaca^a (ga. 

116). Pad ( >Baj He Tpe6a BpniHTH pamije c Tora, ihto 

.];ih,;i!i,»'.m .uiiiiha y to flo6a oMeTaaa no^ora 

y CBOMe pa3BirjaH>y h bito 6h to momo 6hth hoboa, 

lenrreHO okho noTepa ao jeceHH, bito He 6h Ba- 

. jep ce .M.in.iap He 6h Morao 3apbchhth Kao hito 

i, Te 6h saTO nponao oa KpaaeBa. Ea, h KaA He 6h 

6l0 Taj ciyinj. anas cy rasBi ALia^apH c/iadnjer pacTa 

i y ciyqajy, Ka^ hoTepajy na npojiehe. 

y HCTO fl,o6n. i:;i.l 66 n<M,K>r;i 0p68JJ6 na HMTp.i,, 

i C llj»JH-;i.i;i DApemiTB B68J, aKO TO OaHHJe nujo 

yqiiH.fiio: a .i.;i 6fl 66 OBaj |>;t,i, o.iawuao, npii.im;oM 

ll[!iica};in',an,a B6 Tpefa BOSIBaTH B68y H8 ., Mp'lT.il Mitop" 



238 



BOTIKE H BOUE 



Bet Ha „3aMKy". Be3y Tpeda nonycTHTH Ha 3 — 4 He- 
j\QjbQ no oneay, na je h Ta^a B63aTH Ha „3aMKy". Ko 
Be3y He nonymTa, aobo^h BOHKy y Be^iHKy He3roAy; 




Ga. 116. A naTp.fc ; B Me- 
cto, r^e je 6bao ysiemTeHO 
OKne; C MecTO Ha KOMeje 
naTp.fc npettpakeH; D oity- 
jaHT (M-iaaap H3 npnca^a) ; 
E h F Be3a; G n,pTa no 
Kojoj naTp-fc Tpe6a 0Aceh.H. 



Ca. 117. A aia6H MJiaAapa c AumheM 
3aApraaHH Ha naTp^>y, Aa ce naTp^ 
He ocymH npeKO .aeTa ; C Be3a ; D 
npaBan,, no KOMe Tpeoa OAcekn naTp^b; 
a aKO ce oAce^e y npaBnj, Kao bito 
noKa3yjy HCnpeKHAaHe .iHHnje, OHAa 
ce oTeataBa 3apamliHBaH.e paHe h paa- 
BHj'aH>e npncaAa. 



BuTxKE J' PACA.1HIIKV 239 



je Be3a 36or Aetf.ta&a npnca.ia .unease cBe Bnme n 
Binue. na to 6mm yspos, Te cokobh He Rpyae npaiw.iHO. 
Ha npo.iehe Tpetfa c naip/ba YK.iaii.aTii CBe H3- 
.Uihkh. mum ispacry 3a 5 cm., na3eliii npH tomb r i,a ce 
Be DOBpeAl M.ia r T,a]». Kojii je noiepao A3 ycafyeHor oKija. 
[IocJie ^ — 14 ,iami ja&&ajy ce join h Apyrn i^uannii. 
Koje TaKo^e ipetia yiMoinmi. mi ce yicasy. CBe H3- 
4&HS6 Tpe(5a o^ceLii, a HHKaKO nx He mu>a o^eitHBaTU 
ii.iii .lo.MiiTii. yK.iaH,aH»t'M own ii3,i,anaK'a iijiiiraA ce 
SHaTHO iiojiuiaBa. 

Roa .iyn,a Aemasa ce Bpio tocto, ,i,;i ce ocynra ,i,(m> 

llaTp.ha n.:na,i, 016HOT .M<'<T.I. 3001 sera 11 .M.ia.vip or.ianil 

11.1 w 11 cacBHM npona^H^ Y OBaicoM caynajy noTpetfHQJe 

e npii iipxy narp.ba ii.iii nana,; npiienfyMior M6CTa 
.;a,ipa;c Ha iiaTp.i.y HaJMaBe no 2—3 .mrni (c.i. 117). 
climilicM OBBM iipm;<U<' Ce COKOBB iiarp.l.y. tc ce OBaj 

npeico .icT.i He Moase ocynmTH. 

Ka.i Hj&aa&P II.! iqnira.vi HSpaere .v 8 cm., rpe(te 

m hit" naiK.LHBuje npHBe3a'rn 3a naTp.i,. imehii npn 

TOMe Aa npB.a Be3a 6yAe npn ochobh M.ia,\apa ; a i;a,\ 

I H3pacTe 3a 20 CM., na.i.a ra B63aTB u npn npxy 

iiarp^a ,.-.i. 1 L6 F n ci. 117 C). 

Y niiryny rperia yi,\ioiuiTii naTp.i., a OCTaBITH caMO 

M. la. lap. Ta.i,a ua.i.a OACeti iiarp.i, iniia.i, iipnraljeHOra 

npaiaiy n.pTe I> na <\i. L16 n 117. a mi- 

ipahHHJc ii.iii KOCHJe, jep, n v jeAHOM n y 

lyiajy. pana T6Xe ::apain}.vp\ ;i n npiira.i, <v 
„i. Iliijr ftotfpo ia C6 naTp.i. yi;.iaii,a TOE ,i,py- 

opodefca, Ecao hito to iK'Kn pa^e, jep h y tom 

lajy pana tw :iapanitiyje. 

J6 l : ' > 1 1 1 J . i llplic;il,«'ll.i ll;i ,l.|»yni KOJH liaMllll. M.l.i- 

iii :.i ii;n|».i.. jep ra y iinjiimiif 

iipiunK.i ii iifMii. > tsjcom •m\m;ij\ rpetfa anaTB noTpe6afl 



240 BOUKE H BCRE 



6poj npHTaKa, h OBe, ano je npnealjHBaHO npn 3eM^>H, 
no6nTH y 3eM^by, a aKO je npnca^eHO y Kpyra, yTBpAHTH 
3a &e6AO hah 3a jane rpaHe, h Mjia^ap npnBe3aTH. 

Ilpn no6njasy npHTaKa y 3eM.z&y Ba^ba na3HTH, 
^a Aoljy ca cTpaHe o^kaq Aysajy Hajjaqn BeTpoBH, ^a 
6jAY yA^ibeHe oa ^e^a 3a 6—10 cm. h a& ce tom npn- 
jlhkom TKEAe He noBpeAe. KaA c BofeaKa ona^He JLnmtie, 
npHTKe Tpe6a no^ynaTH h ^yBaTH ^o ^a^>e ynoTpe6e 
Her^e y cyBOTH, a pyne 3apaBHHTH. CaMO He Tpe6a ^y- 
naTH OHe npHTKe, Koje cy y3 azLa6e BoiiKe, a& ce He 6h 

HCKpHBHJLe. 

M^a^ape He Tpe6a cKp&HBaTH y TOKy npBe ro- 
AHHe koa bhcokhx BonaKa ; a koa hhckhx Bonao, ko- 
JHMa ce mAR ^ain oCmhk nnpaMHAa h ycnpaBHHX Kop- 
AOHa, Ba^a nx ckph,hth TaKo/ a& He 6yAy Bets oa 
80 cm., a Ka# ce raje y od.zi.HKy qame, OHAa Aa He 
6yAy BekH oa 70 cm. H3y3eTaK oa OBora qHHe dpecoe, 
Kajcnje, ni^HBe h Tpemite. H>hx, KaA ce npoH3BOAe y 
o6^HKy na^Meia, Tpe6a ckpbshth ynpaBO ao OHor MecTa, 
rAe je HaJ3roAHHje rpaHane 3a AO^HBaite o6.iHKa, jep 
cy OHe 6yjHor pacTa, na ce <&oparapaH,e iioace noneTH 
Ben npBe roAHHe. 

3. IIpenpHca^HBaae BokaKa. Ako ce kojh npncaA 
HHJe nprnino, Baiba ra, aKO je to boko MoryiiHO, no- 
hobo npncaAHTH, npenpHcaAHTH. 3a oBaj nH.fo ynoTpe6- 
^aBa ce Hajqeinne oiene; a y cayqajy, a& je oneae 
ncna^io HenoBo^HO, Moate ce nocie 3 HeAe.&e M^iaAHna 
npncaAHTH Ha hcth Ha^HH, ear ocTaBHTH ao npo-ieka, 
Te Aa ce ynoTpe6n Apyrn kojh Ha*iHH. Ako ce npn npe- 
npnca^HBaay ace.fi h ynoTpe^HTH Apyra Koja copTa, Tpe6a 
to 03Hawrn, Aa ce Aonnnje He y^HHH 36pKa y copTaMa. 

Pacra^io je Haj^enme OHAa, KaA cy Bonne y oAe^t- 
niHMa HOAJeAHaKO BciHKe ; na 3aTO h npn npenpncaijH- 
Baay Bonao Tpe6a o6paTHTH namy Ha to, a^ ce He 



BOKKE V PACA^HIIKV 



Ui 



njmuHHii Be.mKa pa&WKa y nopacTy. (0 npenpncafyH- 
Ba&y napiix BO^asa, mi,i,ii tum. 9. o.^.tua XIV). 

4 . 06e^eacaBaH>e 
copaTa. A» (5hcmo y 

GB&KO Ao6a 3Ha.IH, KOJe 

copro Bofcaui niaifo y 

My, noTpe()HO je 
,ia noeae iipiica^HBaifca 

• KiiMiH'uaKycopTy. 

A.KO (V HCTOBpCHe 

copTe y p»'.v»BHMa. aeja- 
na ii. m 3ace6niiM OAe.L- 
iiiiMa. Eaj(JoA€ je otfe- 
A6XIT1 ii x .laiiiqimaMa. 
■iiiii.i.eiipiUHY 
(••.l. 1 1 8), wa sanni 

npHMaiKV IJaKBO.M Mp- 
i-llo.M (OJOM, ouMMIIh ;i;y- 

tom, h, KaA ce tfojft 

■ •■•yum. liuoMJv y 36M- 

liu'it'iKy CBftKOI 

. A0J8 H.lll <»,it'.i,Ka, 

na-mawHiiiini mi ,i,aiii- 

■iliUH 6poj, i«M K0JI1 

je y 6eJiejoniKj (era- 

«y) 03Bai6HJ w cop- 

ui uea&BOi ■©■ 

mean i cano hm€ T6 

ci,!, | ( . I mi- c.i. 1 19, ,l, ;i1 "- 

4HU<: N 06ei6- 'in :■■ 

ii roan i&ecopara, 

«.„. 

M pa.',.in'iniix COpaw kaia. 




BOEKfc M BOBS 



10 



242 BOUKE H BOTvE 



Tpe6a otfczieatflTH cBaKy copTy 3ace6HO. To ce aioate 
hocthhh Ha BHme Ha^HHa. Y3My ce Aannnne qeTBpTacie 
(ci. 119), Koje ce o6oje Kao h noaieHyTe, h nomTO ce 
Hcnnme 6poj eae HMe copTe, npHBeaty ce 3a BOHKy. 
ELih ce noMoky Hapo^HTHX oemTa (ci. 120) yrncHy 
6pojeBH 1, 2, 3, 4 hta. Ha HCTaaeHOM KOMa^niiy o^oBa, 
na ce hotom Kpo3 o.iobo npoTHe atnna h 3a BokKy jia- 
(SaBO npHBeate, a^n TaKO Aa ce He Moate CKHHyTH. 

Be^ieatHHK Tpe6a yaecHTH TaKO, ^a ce y h, nope^ 
HMeHa cBaKe copTe Moate 03Ha*iHTH jom h to, y kom ce 
od^HKy BotKa rajn, Ka# je h Ha kojh Ha^HH npnca- 
i>eHa,- qnMe ce y MaBHOMe OM^Kyje, KaKO ce pa3BHJa 
y aotfa pacTa hta. 




120. K-ieniTe 3a o6e^eaaBaH.e copaTa. 



5. IIpoH3Bol)eH)e bhcokhx BokaKa. /I,a °e oa npn- 
ca^a pa3BHJy no^ecHH otf./iHn.H bhcokhx BoKaKa 3a npe- 
ca^HBaH>e Ha dajiHO MecTO, noTpe^HO je OBe HeroBaTH 
y pacTH.iy ao ^einpn ro/i,HHe. 3aT0 je noipefao #a 
3Hano, mTa Koje ro^HHe BajLa pa^HTH c npnca^HMa — 
BokKHiiiaMa, KOJHMa ce ate.iH a^th o(mhk bhcokhx BoLaKa. 

HocTyucme c eofiKuuaMa y upeoj zo^tmu. Y 
npBOJ toahhh Tpe6a M^a^ap, kojh je noiepao H3 npn- 
ca^a, nycTHTH ^a ce cio6oaho pa3BHJa ; a aKO Ha npnca^y 
HMa BHnie MJia^apa, Ba^a 3a^paiaTH caMO HajcnaatHHJH. 
Ha c/iyqaj, ^a je omTekeH Bpx M^a^apa, h^h #a je 
6h.io ^HMe cnpe^eH y pa3BHJaH»y, Ba^ba 3a npo^y- 



BOTxKE V PACAflHHKV 043 



&eH>e ^efoa H3a6paTH HajcHaatHHJH hooVihh M.iaAap h 
npHBesaiB ra 3a npnTKy w npaBO pacre* ,/lHKa h Bp6a 
HHcy 3roAHH 3a Be3HB0, jep Mory MJia^ap ymTy^HTH; 
a i:a,T, ce 3ApBene, Mory ce ynoTpe6nTH h OBa B63HBa, 
IIo H6KH npenopynyjy, ^a no6o*me M^a^ape r rpe6a CKp- 
lum npeKO JieTa, y 406a H>nxoBa pa3BHJaH>a, 4a 6h 
ce xHB^e pa3BHj'ao r.iaBHH (BpniHH) Mjia^ap. Hy TaKOJ 
npenopynH Heaia Mem c Tora, dito ce oa qecTfl Bohe 
nopamiiHBaifce Bpiun Ha paqyH H»eroBe ji,e6jbme, h hito 
Ta^a rjiaBHH MJia^ap j\o6msi BaAKacTHJH o6^hk, na 3aTO 
CBe no6onHe M^a^ape Tpetfa nycrHTH, a& ce cio6oaho 
pa3BHJajy, a yooHHTH caMO OHe, kojh ce CHaatHO pa3- 
Bujajy. Ako je H3y36TaH ciyqaj, 4a je 3a npoAy^en»e 
Ae6,ia y36T notfoqHH Mjia^ap, Tpeda ckph>hth nooViHe 
Mjia^ape, a& 6n ce hothomomo pa3BHJaH>e MaBHor 
Mjia^apa, oahocho A^a. Y3 KpHBe h yKonieHe M;ia- 
Aape, kojh H36njajy H3 npaca^a, Ba^,a ho6octh npHTKe, 
h 3a OBe hx npHBe3aTH, Aa npaBO pacry. 

IIocTyucme c eoftnaMa y jpyeoj zoj,unu. . le- 
Topacr, kojh je OApeijen 3a npoAy^eite j\q6asi; He Tpe6a 
AHpaTH, tj. Tpeda ra ocTaBHTH KaicaB je, na h y cjiy- 
qajy Ka£ ce ana yBepe&e, ^a ce He 6h iiorao pa3BHTH. 
IIoCloMHe ^eTopade Tpe6a ope3aTH Ha 2 — 4 OKa. Haj- 
hhhch no^o^HH .leTopacTH Ba^a ^a cy, Kao hito to ho- 
E&syje ca. 121, Ay^H oa ropitHx; a aKO HMa cacBHM 
Ae6ejiHX, Tpe6a hx ope3aTH y ochobh, tj. yooHHTH. 
Hy pe^aK je ciyuaj, 4a ce jaB^tajy TaKo cnaatHH Ae- 
ropacTH; na 3aTo ke h perao KaA HacrynHTH norpetfa, 
Aa ce h OBaKa paA&a Aiopa BpniHTH. Be^nica je no- 
rpeniKa, KaA ce w6ao cacBHM ouhcth oa rpaii'iima, 
iqto ce HHaqe qemho BH^a, jep y TaKOM ciyqajy oho 
ocTaHe TaH»e, bhtkhjc h MHoro AOUHaje ojawa. aero 

IIHJJ 

16* 



244 



BOUKE M BOUE 



KaA Ha AeTopacTy H3pacTe 




Ga. 121. JeAHO- 
roAHmifcH npn- 
caA, H3 Kora fee 

ce UpOH3BeCTH 
BHCOKa BO^Ka. 

UpTe uoKa3y- 
jy AOKAe Ha 
upcaehe Tpe6a 

CKpaTHTH uo- 

6o\meMAaAape. 



Ca. 122. ^BoroAHraan 
npncaA, H3 Kor fee ce 

IipOH3BeCTH BHCOKa 

BofeKa. Aje BHCHHa, Ha 
Kojoj fee ce KpyHa pa3- 
bhth. IJpTe noKasyjy 
AOK.ie uo6oHHe sua^a- 
pe Tpeoa CKpaTHTH Ka- 
CHOHCTora^eTan^H Ha 
upoAeheTpefee roAHHe. 



hob M^a/^ap, kojh je 
npo^yiKeite ^e6^a, 3a 
10ao15 cm.jDito 6nBa 
oa i^pn^HKe y Majy, OH^a 
Ba^a yK^LOHHTH CBe no- 
6o*me juaAape, kojh 
cy y HenocpeAHOj 6ae- 
3hhh MecTa, OAaoe no- 
HHH>e npo/j,y^eH»e; a OHe, 
kojh cy oa npn^HKe 3a 
30 cm. hceoa Meda, na 
KOMe noHHH>e npoAy^e- 
H>e, Tpe6a ckph>hth Ha 
10 cm. OcTa^e M^ia^ape 
Tpe6a nycTHTH Aa ce cio- 
6oaho pa3BHjajy. Moace 
ce AecHTH Aa ce Bpx Mjia- 
Aapa He 3ApBeHH hot- 
nyHO ao jeceHH, na Aa 
c Tora nponaAHe npeno 
3HMe, y kom ciynajy 
nponaAHe h BpniHH ny- 

HO^aK, KOJH CaySKH 3a 

npoAyateae A^a; a 
M03Ke ce a^chth h Aa 
M^iaAap oMeTy y pa3- 

BHJaH>y HHC6KTH HAE 

Apyre KaKBe He3roAe, 
r reje 3aT0 CBanaA A<>6po, 
Aa ce y 6.ih3hhh npoAy- 
ateaa 3aApacn Kao pe- 
3epBa no jeAaH hooVihh 
M^aAap, h oBaj npHBeate 



BO-RKE y PACAflHrtKY 245 

3a ropitH 4.e<v, Kojn my wyjui Mecro naTp^a. J obukom 
iMVMajy rpe6a 3a pa3BnjaH,e Aeo\ia y3eTH CBaKaA HajjaMH 
nooVnni M.ia r i,ap, 6e3 o()3npa Ha to A& ae je OBaj 3a HeKO- 
jihko caiiTiiMeTapa bhihh h,ih hhjkh, jep to hhjg Tauo oa 
sraraaja. Cbc M.iaAape, kojh cy HSHaA OBor MJiaAapa, Tpeda 
vk.iohbth, a 3aAp3uiiiH naTp^b, iJHja AystHHa h3hoch 10 
A0 20 cm., <»AceliH TeK oiiAa, KaA ce bhah Aa ke M^aAap, 
kojh je 3a h> npHBe3aH, moJih h chm pacTH y hctom 
iijianuy. yiuaftaite naTp.La Bpnin ce y BetiHM pacTOHMa 
res y aarycTy, a y Mara*, rAe HMa BHme BpeueHa 
sa paA, h Ha HeKO^HKO HeAe.La paHHJe. Ako ce notfoqnn 
M.iaAapn HeKe ynoTpe6nTH 3a BHJOKe 6hao 3a OMe&e, 
ii. in npm at)iiBaH,e rpaHMHHOM, OHAa hx Tpe6a ope3aTH y 
jyHy Ha 10 — 15 cm.; a ano ce mie ynoTpb^HTH, 

i hx y HaBeAeHOJ AyatHHH OAcekn TeK OHAa, hoieto 
ce no/pop! noTpetfa y BHjOKaMa. 

UocTyuatbe c eo&mMa y Tpefioj zoauhu. Ak<> 
bj noBO^He npH^BKe, OHAa y oboj toahhh hckh ago 
Bob&Kft Bet AOCTHrne, a hckh npecTHrHe BHCHHy, 11a 
sojoj KpyHy Tpetfa pa3BHTH; TaKBe BoiiKe hc Tpetia 
"pe;',nBaTH. /l,a ce Aotfnje Aotfpa KpyHa, Tpeoa y3eTH no- 
6oiHe AWdpaCTe y 6jih3hhh Bpninora nynoybKa, a OHe aq- 

re. soji np&iase BHCHHy Kpyne, cKpaTHTH 3a 20 cm. 

i nam, Ha KOMe ce ate^H H3BecTH npBo rpanaiLe 
('•.i. 122 A), r iwihi.-a.Ma. Koje HHcy AOCTHMe noTpe^Hy 
BICHHy, Ha.La iiornnaTit na umi iiaunn, i;ao H y npo- 
in.ioj r<annn. 

io lip.io cHaawo, rpetia voohhth bora 

uihx .H'T<i|.an;i (jlOTOpaCTa 3a HOJauanaiM'). 

mi npi tom i;i ee DOHajnpe yooHe sajcHasHqi, 

. A aso a<'«"m<» nnj 1 ' aocthtao DOTpettay jauHj 

»A6 J€ .la 66 iiamwiM .H'Topan'H IK' YK.ia- 
if.aj. loi'.o.Mio ik' oj.-i'ia. 



246 BOTVKE H BORE 



Bpjio cy pasdnqiia MHHLLeita o TOMe, Ha kojoj 
bhchhh Tpetfa pa3BBTH BHCHHy BokaKa, h y HaJBHme 
npBMHKa Teatn ce, 4a a,q6ao 6yw ihto Bete, a Hapo- 
wro KaA ce BoiiKe a*.e.ie ca^HTH nopeA nyxeBa. J TaKOM 
c/iy*iajy npenopyqyje ce 4a ce KpyHa 3ano*me Ha bh- 
chhh oa 2—25 m. HeKH, 4a 6n o^iaKnia^H caotfpahaj, 
jom h Aa&e rpaHe noTKpemy. OBaKa cy MumAeaa no- 
rpenma, jep KaA ce pa3M0Tpe BotiKe Koje ce pa3BHJajy 
y cioGoah Moate ce bhacth, 4a boLkc Ha cBHsia no- 
^oataJHMa h Ha CBaKoj 3eM.i>H y to^ihko 6om nanpe- 
Ayjy> y ko.ihko hm je Kpake w6ao; h 4a je otipaiHo 
BoiiKa c bhcokhm ^e^OM H3.ioaceHa h ja^HM He3ro,a,aMa, 
BeTpoBHMa, ojiyjaMa hta. c Tora, ihto ce pa3BHja cno- 
pHJe h ciatinje 04 BofcaKa c KpaJiHM a,q6aom, h poA 
joj h no KaKBoiiH h no KOAimmn H30CTaje H3a poAa 
OBaKHX BotaKa. 

Haj6o^a je BHCHHa Ha kojoj ipetfa 3acH0BaTH Kpyny 
1*70 m., jep y oboj bhchhh rajeHe BoJiKe o^roBapajy 
CBHMa noTpe6asia, na h KaA ce asc/ie raJHTH nopeA nyieBa. 
KaA je o^pe^eHa BHCHHa 3a KpyHy, Tpe6a npn npe- 
KpaLHBafty Bpnraor aeTopacTa na3HTH, 4a ce to *ihhh 
no MorykcTBy Ha no/ye^HaKOJ AyaiHHH (bhchhh), jep 
Be^iHKa pa3^HKa y bhchhh BokaKa Hnje TaKO noAecHa c 
Tora, ihto 6h ce AOHHHJe Hnate BotiKe 3aceH.HBa.1e Beta 
BokKaMa, na 6h ce Ha Taj Ha^HH OMeTa^ie y pa3BnjaH>y. 

IIpeKO yieTa y jy.iy, aBrycTy h.ih cenTeM^py Tpeda 
CKpaTHTH Ha 10 — 15 cm. CBe rpaH^Hue y-ja", ^etfjia, a 
^eTopacTe (M^a^ape) kojh Le ce ynoTpetfnTn 3a KpyHy 
ocTaBHTH Kao mTO cy, He AHpaTH hx. OHe rpaH*iHne 
no AyatHHH ^6 ah, Koje Hncy AOCTHMe HaBeAeHy Ay^Hy 
(10 — 15 cm.), Taicoi>e He Tpetfa AHpa'rn; a aKO Me^y 
ftHMa HMa h TaKHX, Koje ce pa*iBajy, Tpe(>a, sao hito 

Ce BHAH H3 CI. 123, yOOHHTH HOBH paKait. 



BOTvKE y PACA^HHKY 247 

Aa ce Aotfnje Ba^aHa KpyHa, noTpeffeo je mecT 
rpaHa : BpmHH .leiopacT h neT ho£)0*ihhx. Aae c Tora, 
niTO ce Home a^hth, ^a ce npH^HKOM Konaaa, naKO- 
Ban»a, npeHoca hta. onrreTH Koja rpaHa, Kao h c 
pa3.iora, ihto ce Moate a^hth, #a ce HeKa rpaHa H3 
fiyAH kojhx y3poKa AOHHHJe He pa3BHja Kao ihto Tpe6a, 
CBRKa^ je 6ojlq HMaTH y KpyHH 7 — 8 JieTopacTa, Te Aa 
ce Ha ciyiaj noTpetfe Moate bhhikom rpaHa 3aMeHHTH 
ouiTeLeHa h.ih HenoAecHa rpaHa. 

IIocTyucme c eoKuaMa y ueTeproj zo^uuu. Koa 
Kojnx ce BOhaKa ao ca v i,a HHJe momo H3BpniHTH ope- 
3HBaH>e pa-p pa3BHJaH>a KpyHe, Tpe6a to caA yqnHHTH, 
ano cy AOCTHMe noTpefay BHCHHy ; a aKO HHcy, Tpeda 
iix saApsara jom je^Hy roAHHy, ^a ce pa3BHjy ko^ihko 
Tpe6a. A aKO ce nopeA bhcokhx BokaKa atejie npoH3BO- 
Ahth h ocpeA&e BOHKe, Tpe6a OBe bohkc ope3ara Ha 

BHCHHH OA 1*40 — 1*50 M. E Ha TOJ BHCHHH pa3BHTH 

KpyHy, HapaBHO aKO cy y toj nepn pa3BnjeHe. Ciadnje 
BOhKe, a Hapo^HTO OHe Ha KOJHMa je cyBnme Ma.io .ie- 
TopacTa, Haj6o.i>e je CKparaTH H3Ha^ BpaTa Aa ce pa3- 
BHJe hobo A,e6A0. TaKBe bohro He Tpeda HCKonaBaTH, 
Aa ce He 6h noBpe^Hjie sheaq 0CTa.iHx BoKaKa h THMe 
H3a3Ba.ie oieme y H>HX0By nopaciy. 

Ca BoLaKa Koje cy nponLie roAHHe ope3aHe pa^H 
KpyHe, ano cy aobojbho ojaqajie, Tpe6a y aBrycTy, no- 
qeBHin oa BpaTa na ao KpyHe, o^hcthth cbc rpaH^rane 
(<\i. 124). Ako HMa h Taox BoLaica, y kojhx cpeA&a 
Ae6^nna He h3hoch BHine oa 3 cm. y npe^HHKy, h Koje 
HHcy Bete oa 1 m., one ce cuaipajy jom Kao ciatfe, 
ua hm 3aT0 OBe rpaii'iHije Tpe6a h Aa.&e qyfiaTH. TaKBHM 
Botaum Aoupo je Aa ce BpmHH jieTopacT CKpaTH Ha 
2 — 3 OKa, a rpftranje Ay& Aefoa AO necTa, rAe ce 
paqBajy (iuuii ga. 122). Kao ihto je noMenyTo, one 



248 



BOKKE K BOTIE 




d. 123. TporoAHin- Ci. 124. IIporoAHni 

aHiipHcaA3aBHCOKy h»h npacaA ^nje j( 

BohKy. E[pTe noKa3y- Aefao y aBrycTy ham 

jy, AOK^ie Tpe6a Kpa- 

thth 6oHHe rpaimn- 

n;e y aBrycTy hah 

cenTeMdpy, ano Ae- 

(ko HHj'e aobojbho o- 

ja^aao. Ako je ao- 

boj&ho oja^aao, Ae- 

6.10 ^HCTHTH OA H>HX. 



ceirreMo'pa o^Hinte- 
ho oa rpaH^Hu;a. Djp- 
TeyKpyHnnoKa3yjy, 
Aoiue Tpeda ope3a- 
th rpaHe ^eTBpTora 
npojieka. 



Ci. 125. BncoKa Bokua 
c ABoroAHinitOM KpyHOM 
HaKpajy neTBpTeroAHHe. 



BOHKE y PACAflHHKy 249 

soLse, y kojhx je m6ao ho ue.ioj avmhh cKopo hoa- 
jeAHaKO, racy toko ftotfpe sao BokKe, y kojhx je a^Cmo 
y r \n\ niHpe a y Bpxy yse, c Tora iuto ce Tn,i,a aaso no- 

Bujajy. tj. Kpvuv ne Mory ^pataTH ycnpaBHO. 3aT0, 
Aa <5h ce i npoH3Bol)eH>e trkhx BOhana, Ba^a 

rpaHunne ly.i; .v *«'».ia lyBara AOT./ie, aok BOhKa aoboaho 
He ojaia, jep OHe ciyate 3a nojaqaBa^e ; a hhm BOhKa 

oja'ia R04KKO T{h'u;i, Ba.I.a 1IX yKJIOHHTH. IIo TOMe, y 

;o cy BOhKe c/iadnje, y tojihko na^a AOUHaje h 
ysaa&a&e obiix rpaumma. 

opaoTH, kojh cy 8aApxaHi 3a pa3BirjaH>e Kpviie 
(«m. 124), oposyjy ce ayae h.ih Kpak npeMa TOMe, ^a ^h je 

• '-.laoiijc h.iii niaaiHHJe. Ako je J[q6ao ciatfo, oiua 66 
ope3yjy jVie aok BOhKa He oja^a ; a aKO je CHaano, OHAa 

rje ( i'.i. 1 25), tj. iipinTyna ce oAMax pa3BHJan>y KpyHe. 

6, IIp0H3B0^eH>e bhcokhx Botaica ABory6HM npn- 
caljHBaaeM (npnca^HBafteM Ha npncaA). IIpHMetieHO je, 
Aa ce BOhKe, Koje ce raje y3 npHTKe, pa3BHJajy npn- 
■otho cnopHJe oa BOhana, Koje ce He raje y3 npHTKe. 
To cnopnje pa3BnjaH>e A0^a3H oa 3acen>HBaH>a boLko 
npHTKOM, jep ce Ha tom A^y CMaayje yTHuaj cbotjiocth 
h bh \ko ce TaKBa BOhKa npeKpaTH, MOffie ce 

.;;iiia.;nni. ia je ca CTpaHe, rAe je 6ua& npuraa, ApBO 
upmerHO r.iiioiije Hero c Apyre CTpaHe, h a^ cpatHH 
K,ina.i raje no cpeAKHS. 36or Tora ce OBaKe BOhKe ^aKrae 
noBijajy Hero Bolfte Koje ce He raje y3 npHTKe, 're je 

3BT0 DOTpe^BO i >i,nna\i;i Hoi,YiiH|»y njniTKaMa. 

II.; own re paoiora ynoipetfa npnasa y rajeay b<»- 

t.ai.-a oijiami'iaBa CB€ Hilim*. tj. \ iI(.T|m'm.i,;ii:;iJv C€ CftMO 
illM r.iyciJ.'HiiMa, ||;i|if)-|UTO jolll I t Tola, JUTo 

on.' Be ciajy raw J6btiho. 

16CH6 copTe jatiyica . spymaB . Koje ce 

B64IBe r.|M'iiiMiiii lOpaj] ra.jirni. imaj\ 



250 BOUKE H BOUE 



no npapo^H TaHEO a^jio h pacTy KpiByAaBO, Te ce ao 
CKopa paqyHajio, A a ce 6e3 npHTaKa He 6h Morjie hh 
rajsTH. Hy npoH3BO^eH>eM BokaKa npncal>HBaH>eM Ha 
npncaA MorykHO je rajnTH h OBaKBe BotiKe 6e3 npHTaKa, 
MoryLHO je koa cbhx, na h koa obhx copaTa, npoH3BecTH 
c Ma.10 mpTaBa h 3a KpaTKO Bpeaie Bp^o ./iene h Bp.10 
CHame BoliKe. 

Koa OBora npHcafyMBaaa . Kao hito je noMeHyTO, 
Tpe6a Hajnpe npncaAHTH noA^ory npn smjbE KaooM 
6yJHOM copTOM, h KaA ce oa OBe copTe no HaBeAeHOM 
HaHHHy AOoVje CHaatHO a^jio ao noTpe6He bhchhc, npn- 
caAH ce me^eHOM copTOM Ha Mecry, rAe ce KpyHa kqae 
npoH3BecTH. TaAa ce Moate npncaijHBaTH OKneM hah rpaH- 
^hhom, jep ce na rpaH^nnn Moate y36TH tojihko nyno- 
^aKa, koahko je noTpedHO 3a npoH3Boi>eH>e KpyHe, h 
Ha Taj naiHH 3Harao y6p3aTH pa3BHJa&e KpyHe. 

y OAeAKy „Ha kojh Ha*iHH h y Koje BpeMe Tpeda 
npnca^HBaTH jadyKe, KpyniKe h ocTa^ie BokKe" noMeHyTO 
je, Koje copTe Tpe6a ynoTpe6nTH, na a^ ce npoH3BeAe 
Ba^ano a^-io ; na je 3aTO H3.iHniH0, A& to h OBAe no- 

MHH,eMO. 

YnoTpe6oM ABory6ora npnca^HBafta MorykHO je 
CBeKO^HKe copTe npon3BecTH y o6aerj bhcokhx BoLaKa. 

7. npoH3Boi)eH>e ocpeAanx BotaKa (ca. 126). 
OcpeAH,e BoiiKe no cbojhm oco6nHaMa y CBeMy cy jeA- 
HaKe c bhcokhm BotKaMa, a oa obhx ce pa3.anKyjy caMO 
y TOMe, hito hm je w6ao HeniTO Kpane. HaJBeka je 
BHCHHa A^a y obhx BokaKa 1*40 m., HaJMaaa 0*80 m., 
a Haj^enme cy, KaA je a&6ao bhcoko 1*30 m. KaA ce 
KpyHa npoH3BOAH na bhchhh oa 1*50 m., TaKBa BoLKa 
XBaTa cpeAHHy H3Me^y bhcokhx h ocpeA&nx BoLaKa. 

Ca ocpeAftHM BokKaia nocTyna ce y npoH3Boi>eH>y 
hcto TaKO Kao n c bhcokhm BotKaMa ; jeAHHa je pa3- 



BOTxKE V PACA^HIIKV 



-251 



.nina y roie, niTO ce koa obex BotaKa Beti y APjroj 
OflHOCHO y rpeLoj r^uiui Aoonje noTHVHa h-pyna, Te ce 
TUO ^a je^Hy r \o j\,bq roAHHe iiory paHaje npecaAHTH 
Ha da.iHO Mecro. 

y HOBnje ce r ^o6a ocpe^anji 
BoiiK&ia noK.iaifca Beka najKH>a Hero 
BMOKIM BoliKaMa c Tora : hito 
OBasc BokKe CTacaBajy paHaje Ha 
pOA; mropafyajy pe^OBHO h od^ino, 
jep ce < ;ue iia Ma&eM pacTojaay, 
na ce TaKO 6o.te 3amTHHaBajy oa 
BeipoBa nero BHCOKe BoLne, c ko- 
Jhx 0.1 yje OTpecajy h poA n pOAHe 
rpaHMHue, h TaKO hx mTeTe 3a 
BHme ro^nna ; nno ce 6ep6a BpniH 
.laKiiie 11 upse, a npn tom ce poA 
Mose caqyBaTH oa noBpe r i,a ; h ihto 
ce Mory .lame h 6ojte HeroBaTH 
nero BHCOKe BOhKe, Te cy 3aTO h 

H»'3HaTHHJH TpoMKOBH OKO HdHXO- 

Bora rajeaa. 

8. npoH3Bo^efte hhckhx 
Bokaica (spjLbyma). HncKe BoLiie 
raje ce y Miioro pa&uraHHX 06- 
.iHKa, a HaJBaxmgiey mipaMiifie, 
Kame i iif x a 1 di), aajmere (mna- 
. until). KOpiom (riip.iaii r i,e) 11 Cl * m ' (,r i"U'^ m*j» 

' " ^* ' G IBOrOAHIBON i;i>Vii«»M. 

da ozpa^a, 

Ai;o 66 1MB OpOH3BOAHTl 6y^H KOJH OA OBHX 
hu.iiii:;i. HM.juo.i.e je \;;<'th :ia TO j< l Anoro^iini 11,11 upMCaA- 

QpifM Tpeda .ia j« npaB, GBasas n bhcok sajia&e 
m. Boa ABOPOAimfiwr apica^a RomryHma p&a 

GJ mi:ii;i 96CT0 n»' II* M..-.-H ;1 .;;i iipoii:;i;o,ii!,y od.iUKa, W 




252 BORKE H BOUE 



aaTO OBaKe npHca^e Tpeda ynoTpednTH caMO no HeBOAH. 
Koa KpyniaKa h jadyna Mory ce OBaKH npHca^H npe 
ynoTpe6flTH Hero koa HaBeAeHHx BokaKa, aKO Hncy 6rak 
opesaHH. 3a OBaj HH.k Haj6o£>e cy BoiiKe, Koje cy npn- 
ca^eHe o^eiteM, hohito OHe He Mory 6hth HHKaA hh 
cyBHme ^6eAe hh cyBHine BHCOKe. H3Mel>y TaKHX bo- 
kaKa Tpe6a y3era HajcHaaaraje h HaJBete. OHe BOhKe, 
Koje Hncy Ao6pe 3a npoH3BO^en>e bhcokhx Botana, HeLe 
Ba^aTH, Kao hito je noMeHyro, hh 3a npoH3Bol>eH>e hh- 
ckhx BotaKa, na 3aTO join jeAHOM HOHaB^aMO, a& «* a 
npofl3Boi>eH>e obhx BoktKa Tpe6a yaeTH caMO Haj^o^e 
h HajcuaatHHJe. 

KaKO ce npoH3BOAe nojeAHHH o(uhhh hhckhx bo- 
kaKa, noMeHyteMO ApyroM npn^HKOM. 

9. HcKonaBaE>e BokaKa. PaA OBaj Ba^>a BpniHTH 
Bpjio o6a3pHBo. Hajnpe Tpe6a oArpHyTH mothkom ropay 

3eMAy OKO.10 BOhKe, 3aTHM MOTHHHHOM HCHTHHTH H yOO- 

hhth OHy 3esi^,y, hito je H3Me^y atn^ia, na khaq Koje 
cy A,e6vAe OAcekn h^lh npeKpaTHTH Ha aY^hhh oa 40 
AO 60 cm. oa A^a. KaA ce obo ypaAH, Tpe6a oko./lo 
bohkg onKonaTH 36M^y h BOHKy npeBajiHTH Ha jeAHy 

CTpaHy, H TOM npH-OKOM H HCHOA H>e HOTKOnaTH 3eM^y 

hito 6o^e, na je aaTHM naaMbHBO nnmynaTH. /l,o6poM 
noACiOM paAa Moate ce yAecHTH, a& ce OBaj nocao Bpinn 
Bp^o 6p30. 

HcKonaBaae BonaKa He Tpetfa BpmHTH KaA je jaKa 
3HMa (Ha 0° h HMte), jep TaAa atn^e Mory npoMps- 
Hyra, Te He Mory noTepam KopeHOBe A^a-Ke. 

Ako ce HCKonane BOHKe He 6h MOMe OAMax yca- 
AHth Ba^»a hx hito 6o£>e yTpannTH, a^ hm ce atn^ie He 
ocyme. 3a Tpan^eae Tpe6a HCKonaTH jaMy 60 cm. Ay- 
6oKy h 85 cm. ninpoKy, a y ajkeek kojihko je no- 



BCRKK V PACMHlIKy 253 

Tpe^HO 3a CBe BoKne, na CBany BokKy ycnpaBHTH y jaMH 
h ffin.ie sarpHjTfl sexton m\ 85 cm. Y TaKOM ciyqajy, 
Kiio iiito ce bhaii, noKpHBa ce h a^Cio 3a 25 cm. OMaite 
noLse Mory ce TpanHTH n koco, h y TaKOM ciy^iajy 
p.a.i.a h na luo HarpHyTH ihto BHme 3eMJi>e. 

Ajw C»ii yTpaii.beHe BotiKe Mopa^e y Tpany h npe- 
iuiMMin, OH£a Tpetfa 3ew.Ly noKpHTH niyinaeM, C/mmom, 
Ml awhi join je^aH c./ioj 3eMJbe. CUaMy h uiyuiaib 
Hn.ba naneiH Ka r i, ce 3eM.i>a 3aMp3He, 4a ce thmc cnpe^M 
iijiHCTvn MiiiuemiMa. jep ce ohh OB^e pa^o CKpHBajy. 

IIpn HCKonaBaity h Tpan^>en>y BotaKa Ba^a o6pa- 
thtii nasH>y h Ha to, a& ce He OTKHHy 3Haqice c bo- 
Ii.ikii. w x<i ce TaKO He npaqHHH 3dpKa y copTaMa. 

Ajw je iio'rpe^HO, a& ce HCKonaHe Bote HeKyA 
iioin.i.y. na.i.a iix, aKO cy TaKBe a& ce h>hx 10 — 15 
■orj GBeaam y je^aH AGH>aK, yB63aTH h 40 KpyHe omo- 
raru ciaMOM, a H3Mei>y h>hxobhx whhah HaTpnaTH ihto 
Bime MaxoBHHe. KaA ce BoKice nia.Ly c jeceHH, Maxo- 
i',nna ua.i.a &a je cyBa; a aKO ce niajty Ha npojiehe, 
rpetfi je BMBAuum. 

Ai;o ce ate^ie nociaTH HeKyA Bote y o()./iHKy nn- 
I'.iMiiAe, na.iMeTa hta., Tpeda H3Mei>y h>hxobhx a,q6asl h 
1 l>ana yMecTHTH ihto BHine ciaMe, 4a ce Tpe&ei lie 
mii omerue. 

^HaK.i.i, je ftotipo, Aa je 3aB0J hito a^ah » A* 
ce onniHJe acypoM, crapii pasOM hta., a Haj6cvi»e je, 

>' iim.i.y y KOB^eaoa (raiiAyuiiMa). 

Ii';i .1. C€ MV'ii.HM.iK C8 inn.i.aif.cM w»liai;a, B aKO ce 

lPM,;i.ir BCnpaTITM, AO<$pO J6 ftfl M '.l.M.K' llpi' lia- 
KOBaAl MEOW y ijum Ofl <-\ioinme 11 n>i'.«V f.a.UMv. 

na :;ithm nocny npajmHou 1 ftotfpo (KJjmmm BJia»HOi 
:hiihm. B >BaKo enasoBafle BoLxe OMOTaj] u 



254 BOIIKE IT BOTxE 



noAe6^HM ciojeM c./iaMe, Mory H3ApJKaTn nyT h oa iie- 
koaeko He^eAa. 

Ha c/iy^aj, a& AeitaE 3aAecn y nyTy Mpa3, He 
Tpe6a ra o^iax pacnaKOBaTH no npHMaity, Bet ra qy- 
BaTH 7 — 8 A^Ha y KaKBOJ yjnepeHoj tohjioj OAajn h 
3aBOJ OApemnTH TeK nocie OBor aoo\ tj. KaA Mpa3 no- 

CTyBHO HDI^HjIJJ. 

Ako ce npHMeTH, ^a cy ce BoiiKe y nyTy HemTO ca- 
cymijie, Tpe6a hx hokphth BJiaraoM 3eMjtOM, boa kojom 
Ba^a Aa npecTOJe 4 — 8 A^Ha, eae hm hohobhth 3a- 
ceKe Ha aKHJiaMa, na hx hotohhth y BOAy, a ropae 
Ae^iOBe ^emte kpohhth. OBaKBe BoiiKe Ba^Ba caAHTH tck 
OHAa, KaA ce 3ana3H, asl hm je Kopa Mama; aKO je 
HanpoTHB Ha6opHTa h csieatypaHa, Tpe6a hx nrcap- 

THpaTH. 




XIII 
IIPECAMBAfcE BOMKA HA CTAJIHO MECTO 



1. Hs6op MecTa. Bote ce Mory ca^HTH no rpa- 
.umnMa, ABopnniTnMa, iianiiF.aniiMa, y'rpnnaMa, MefyaMa 
H»HBa ii .liiBa^a, nope^ nyTeBa mt^., m to y rpa r pHa.\ia n 
popramuu Kao BHCKe h.ih ocpe r i,H>e BoiiKe, a Ha ocTa^HM 
MecTHMa Kao ocpe^ae h.ih bhcok6 BoiiKe. Ta^a Ba^a 
na3HTH Aa one Aotfnjy hoagcho mgcto, tj. w ce ca^e 
Ha 3eiijLH duo 6oahx oco()HHa h Ha y^ecHOM no-ioraajy, 
iiapo^HTO y C/iyqajy, aKO cy KAHiraTCKii oahoch TaKBi, 
Aa ce H>HMa He HCK^yqyje rajeite Bohaiia. 

Tpemae, nena^e, rypry&e, pemuoAe h HHpatfe^Ke 

Mory, Kao hito je H03HaTo, ycneBATE i iia :;<v\i.i,a.Ma 

' !.«' i:ai:BoLe h oHaMo, Tjifi no.io;i;aj iwje 6am Taso 

ToiiM.i, m.iii la pa&iora, dito toeaqb no^oatajn raqy 

Beim ynni.aj n;i 6S8p6Baft6 |»'M,a II iiito 66 pOfl BOJl 

parage dame txjwu n.ialia, isflasi flaje A&aeso uoao, 

MUCH BO&IftMa ,l-i DO iOryiiCTBJ in ro :mi.\m- 

ge ii TOHdUqt lecro. To dto je uosienyTo 8a OBe 
boLkOj Basfl ii m jatiyKe, Kpyimce h ocTaae rotoe. 



256 BOUKE H BOUE 



lips H36opy MecTa Ma.10 HaM Mory KopncTHTH 

HCKyCTBa fl,0 KOJHX C6 AOHMO y OBOM EAR OHOM Kpajy, 

jep copTe, Koje y je^HOM Kpajy Ao6po Hanpe^yjy, He 
Mopajy hcto TaKo ,a,o6po ycneBaTH h y ApyroM kom 
Kpajy, na 3aTO h npenopyun noje^uHnx copTHMeHam 
BotiaKa He Tpe6a A aBaTH oco6eHe BaatHOCTH, Hapowo 

Ka^ HHCy AOBO^.HO HCHHTaHH MeCTO H OCO(>HHe 86MA6 

h novioataja. 

f3acHHBaH»eM copTHMeHTCKHx BokaKa h paca^HMKa 
y pa3HHM KpajeBHMa Hame ^oMOBHHe, Heiaa cyiH>e, ca- 
B^a,3,atie ce cbc TemKoke y H36opy copTHMeHa'ra bo- 
kaKa h 3a nojeAHHa MecTa, tj. BH/^eiie ce, y kom Kpajy 
Koje copTe naj6o^e Hanpe^yjy, na ce cano TaKBe h 
npenopy^HBaTH ; a 3a ca^a, KaA joui HewaMO TaKnx cop- 
THMeHTCKHX BOhH>aKa, nojeAHHHH cy npHMopaHH, ,/i.a OBa 
HHaqe Bp^io CKyna HCKycTBa caMH npadnpajy. 

Kojy 36M^y h KaKBe ntMoataje aax'reBajy nojeAHHe 
BOhKe, HOMeHyTO je y onncy nojeAHHnx Bpcra BO&aKa, 
r^e cy mAOMene h oco6eHOCTH y obom nor-ieay, Te 3aTO 
pa^yHaMO, a& Le obh noAaun npnnoMOhH o^aKraaBaay 
H36opa HOTpeCmnx copaTa 3a rajeite. 

y zparfuuaMa u rfeopuwTUMa Ba^a raJHTH Hajn.ie- 
MeHHTflje copTe BonaKa c Tora, uito je poA thx BokaKa 
HaJMaae H3^ioateH HOTpnHaiua Ha OBaKHM MecTHMa. A Ta 
cy MecTa h HHa^ie HaJ3roAHHJa 3a raj erne hhckhx BofcaKa 
(nHpaMH^a, na.oieTa, KopAOHa, ^iama, CBefiitaKa hta.)> 
jep je poA Ha obhm BokKaMa, Kao hito je noieHyTO, 
Haj^ennn h HaJKpynHHJn, acTHM h oa HaJBeKe BpeAHOCTH. 

H3Mei>y ja6yKa h KpyinaKa HaJBHine ce upenopy- 
*iyjy 3a OBa MecTa : 

Ja6yne : ' 
AcTpaKaH 6ejLH Ea6aJKa BaTy.ieHKa 

Ann Bapaana BpeAaHKa 



nPECA-BIIBAtfeE BOKAKA 



257 



BpecKBana 

BajoHKa 

rpaBeHmTaJHKa 

Ay ra 

ima 
By.iaoHJa 
/Kvtii PnxapA 
/KyTnna 3HMCKa 
3anHHKa 
3.iaia^a 
3yKBana 
n.inH>aHa 
Ka^yMaHa 

i.HHa.1 iipyra- 

CTH 

Kpa^eBa c KpaT- 
kom neie^KOM 

KpajbeBnL 

MainaHCKa 

MnpHcaBKa 

Muxo^aqa 

FiKa (Alant- 
apfel) 



A^ecoHKa 
ApanKa 

Apain:a .leTfta 
6a3Ba 

UliulXc.lMil- 
HOI; 

• IJiiMhM 

.111 

Bo^eouna a.mjih- 
-i ii j ■ 

BoACH.;n. 
JUJ( ■ 



QapMeHKa A r i,a- 

MOBa 

EapiieHKa CKep- 

.lCTHa 

QapMemca .ioh- 

^OHCKa 

IlapMeHKaHeMau. 
IIonoBaHa 
IIocapTOBa HajH- 

BHJa 
nociacTH^apKa 
PaJKOBa^a 
Pe6pa^a ^aHHH- 

mKa 
Pe6pa^a npyra- 

CTa 3HMCKa 

Pe6pa^a ycKpm- 
H.a npBeHa 

Pe6pana <£paco- 
Ba .leTfta 

PeHeTa 6^iaropo^. 

PeHeia ^nnepcKa 

PeHeTa JerepoBa 

Kpyvine : 

BoAeaaia Bjiy- 

MeH6axoBa 
Bo^efta^a rpyM- 
-nepcKa 
• •a. ^ftioBa 
BoAefta<m ApBO- 

5oJHa 
Bo^eftaMa eur.ir- 

pcra 
BoAe&ana Asre- 

m 
Bo/ieraraa Bano- 
.aeoHOBa 



PeHeTa KoKCOBa 
PeHeTa KapMe- 

JlHTCKa 

PeHeTa KyjioHOBa 
PeneTa .iotphh- 

urna 
PeHeTa op.ieaH- 

CKa 
Py3MapHHKa 6e.ia 
Py3Map. DipBeHa 
CeHadnja 
Cia^oKycHa 
Cp^HKa 
CTeKfta 

TaMftaHKa no3Ha 
TeTaHKa 
XayTop^eHKa 
E(ap AjieKcaH^ap 
UlapeHHKa 
niap^iaMOBCKa 
IIIefiep.iHJa 

ElTeTHHKa 

IIIyn^bHKa 



Bo^eaaqa CHBa, 

jeceaa 
BoAeftayan;apcKa 
Bo^eft. UlTepK- 

MaHOBa 

BoJBOTKHfta aH- 

aty^eMCKa 
TeHepaji ToT-ie- 
6eH 

rocnol;HiiK;i 
Tpa«l» liaiia.i 

[pa* Mo.itko 
Aiiop. eaBeTHHK 

flfilM 

17 



258 



BCRKE H BOTtE 



^eKaHTOBKa 

Emhjlo XajcT 

EcnepeHOBKa 

ffiepMeHKa 

jKyTnna 

t3e^eHHKa 

3&ieH. Bopje^Ka 

Jaro^aaHa 

Jaja^a .leTita 

Jocn^Ka 

KapaMaHKa 

KBacHHii,a 

KHMOBKa 

KjLanoBKa 

KiepacoBKa 

Ko3Jana 

Ko^LMapKa 

KoHrpecKa 



Kpa.zbHn;a 6pH- 

TaHCKa 
KpacaHKa 
./LeoHKa 
.iHCirrapKa 
Ma,a,aM TpeB 

Me^HHUH 

MeT^a^a 

Mexe^Ka 

IlacTpMKa 

IIoaTOBKa 

PaHn,H 

CaMOHHKlHD,a 
MOHTH&CKa 

Cia^oKycHa nrap- 

aeBCKa 
Tanynia ^eKaH- 

TOBa 



TaKyma Ecnepe- 

HOBa 

TaM&aHKa 
TenKa 

TH30H 

TnKBapa 

THKBHHHUa Boc- 
KOBa 

ToMHaa^a 
TpHOBa^a TaHKa- 
CTa 

3>H.lHnOBKa H3Bp- 

CHa 
^yjiBHJa HOBH 
IIIapeHHKa 
EleKejiKa 
mTeAJbHBKa 



Ha nainitaijHMa, yTpHHaMa n no Met>aMa H>HBa h 
./loa^a, y onmTe uo uMamiMa, Ba^a ca^sra upu- 
epejHO eo fie, na3etiK npa tom 4a 6y,a,e aKO je HKaKO 
MoryiiHo Ha npncojHHM CTpaHaMa, jep ce y trkbom c/iy- 
Majy He npaBH x^ia^ yceBHMa. 

HajBHine ce neHe 3a OBa MecTa 



ABaj.iHJa 

BaTyiLeHKa 

Be^pHKa 

BoHKHH>a KpynHa 

Bpe^aHKa 

By^HMKa 

Be^HBTTOH 

ToBe^aqa 

TpaBeHHiTaJHEa 

3Ke.ie30BKa 

JKyTHD,a 3HMCKa 



Ja6yne : 

3.iaTa^a 
Kcua^apica 
Kcua^apKa ittyTa 
Kpa^beBa c KpaT- 
kom neTe^bKOM 
Kpa.zbHHa Co<j>nja 
K,y3HHOTa 
AnMyaa^a 
ManiaHCKa 
IlapMeHKa A,a,a- 

MOBa 



IlapMeHKa Xyje- 

coBa 
IIona^HJa 
Ilpyra^a 6pyHOB- 

CKa 
Ilpyrana ./LyJHKOBa 
Pe6pana aaHUH- 

uiKa 
Pe6pa^a <l>pacoBa 

jLeTaa 
PeHeTa BayMaHOBa 



nPEaVElIBAHjE BOTiAKA 



059 



PeHera AEoepcsa 
PeHeia JerepoBa 
PeHera BoECOBa 
PeHera Kapse- 

IHTCKa 

PeHera Kac&iCBa 
PeHera jaHAoep- 

iiina 



anilIKa 
I».T,yi;iBau 
lUyiaBau Map- 

THHOB 

BajaepoBsa 

Bo^e&aHa niBaj- 
napcta 

Fpa* Mo.iTKe 

/liyriiua 

3eaemaca 

Ii'apa.MaHKa 



Feiiera .mrpHH- 

niKa 
PeHeTa Xapoep- 

TOBa 
PeHOTa inaMiuuh- 
CKa 

CaMoHiiK.uma 



KpyuLKe : 
KHaycoBKa 
He.iacoBa SHMesa 
HeieHKa Menjca 

IIc'ieHKaHopMaii- 

CKa 
IleqeHKa Ta-in- 

jaHCKa 
IT^bycKaBUH 
IIoMopaHi.nma 
PaHun 



CpTOKa 

Cp'iiiKa ciaitoH- 

CKa 
TeTaiiKa 
IIIapeiniKa 

IllT(\l,.LHBKa 



Pciia/ia .iajni;n- 

III KU 

Po-McioBKa 
CnBeHKa 

TaKvnia 
TaKyina ^eKan- 

TOBa 

TaKyma HeMauua 
TBp^ai^H 
Tenna 
^anoftKa 



H KaA ce BoliKe ca^e nope^ nyTCBa, Tpe6a TaKofye 
y3eTH upuepe^uo ooKe, y kom ciyqajy Tpeda otfpaTHTH 
nasity: j& cy H3a6paHe copie H3ApauBHBe, KaKO 6h 
M<>i.ie OAO.ieTH BeTpoBHMa h x.iaAHoliH, 4a UBeTajy 4011,- 
HHj'e, ain Aa. hm ce M^a^apn 40 jeceHH Mory noTnyHO 
BApB6HiTl, fta CBane ro^HHe o(5hjiho pafyajy, ^a hm je 
iinjaqoM iK'T.'.ia.-oM ,i,a ra BeTap He 6h OTpecao, 

rage TaKo yr^e^aH, jep je TaKaB BHine mAv&m 
iT'»T(iiinaMa. :;ani\i. ,i,a CTacana nrro ^oi^HJije, h ,v> ''»' 
uo iipiiBfx'.i.iiK bo&6 jaKO ii''iin bi eKOHOMiijy, 1 aapo- 
miitm n jatfyxoBaqj. 3i OBaj u.h.i. BajBime n npeno- 
|i\'iyjy jaoyxe spyoue, 8 |»<V TpemBe, blubo, opaj 
1 utomb seereH. II:; odaipa, bito ce 3a jatfyicoBauy 
spymic lemaj] t jatfyKaifa j muoj wepw, i&aasi ja 

IC II'»pM ||\Tr|;;i Tf.ro;, I ;i j IT I II \ T.'I.HUiO BeLoj JCO- 

17* 



260 



BCRKE H BOUE 



.ih^ihhh o/i, Kpymana; a HMa npn;iHKa, r^e ce Kpynrce 
h cacBHM HCTHCKyjy, nope/i, OBora pa3^ora join n 3aT0, 
mTO Kpynme, Kao nrro je no3HaTO, Tpaate Ay^OKy n 
Tponray 3eMAy, na y OBaooM ciynajy necTO TaKBy 
3eM^>y He Mory ao6hth. 3aT0 npn canity Bonao nope^ 
nyTeBa Ba^a ^a o6paTHMO naatity Ha to, ^a ja6yKe 
n y nac 6y^y 3acTynAeHe y Benoj Mepn o/j, KpymaKa 
h ,a,a KpymKejQa^siio Ha ohhm napTHJaaia 171,6 Hajdo^e 
Mory ycneB^^ $8# MecTMMa, r^e h jadyKe h KpymKe 
Mory HanpeAOB&Tif, r rpe6a Ha CBaKa 3 — 4 ApBeTa ja- 
dyKe ^a Aoi>e no je^Ha KpymKa. 

H3Mel)y MHornx copaTa ja6yKa h KpyinaKa Koje ce 
raje nope# nyTeBa, HaJBnme ce neHe OBe: 



ABaj^urja 
Be^pnKa 

BoJKOBKa 

BoHKHH>a Kpynna 
By^HMKa 

BCZLHHTTOH 

3Ke.ie30BKa 
iKyrana 3HMCKa 



ABpaHHma 
B^byTaBaii, 
Baj^iepoBKa 
BoAesa^ia mBaj- 

napcKa 
3BOHa^a 
KHaycoBKa 
Ile^eHKa MenKa 



Ja6yne : 
K^LyAHJeBKa 
Ko-ia^apKa 
KpajseBHti 
Kpa^bmi;a Co^nja 
Ky3HHOTa 
^HMyaaHa 
HapMeHKa A^a- 

MOBa 

Kpywne : 
Ile^eHKa HopMaH- 

CKa 
Ile^eHKa TajLH- 

jaHCKa 
II.zbycKaBnH 
IIoMopaHnnna 
Pena^a .lajnnn- 

inKa 
PoMe^OBKa 



IlenHHKa Xyje- 

coBa 
nona^nja 
PeHeTa emvLecKa 
PeHeTa Otfep^H- 

KOBa 

Cp^HKa 
Dlyn^bHKa 



CnBeHKa 
TaKyma 
TaKynia ^eKaH- 

TOBa 

TaKyma HeMa^iKa 
TenKa 
Tony3apa 
TpHOBa^ia Ta^Ka- 
CTa 



Ea^ ce ate^e rajnra BOhKe Ha 3ace6HHM KOMa^HMa, 
Aaoe y o6^HKy eofinam, Tpetfa y36TH TaKBe copTe, 



nPECA-BnBAH>E BCRAKA 



•261 



Kojoa ce >iory iio,jmhphth cb6ko^hk6 noTpetfe. Y Hac 
M n;i OBaj Ha^HH raje ca.MO wjbuee. A.ih ce .leira Bok- 
uup lory noAntiH h oa ociajinx BotaKa, Hapowro oa ja- 
uvku ii Kpyiiiaiia. H3Me^y obhx Hajpa^pje ce npenopyqyjy : 



AcTpanaH uejua 
Bapaa-ia 
Bajomca 
Ayra 

'By.iaonja 
SyKBOia 

Ka^yMaHa 

uma.i npyra- 

CTII 

MiipiicaHKa 
MuxoJba^a 

ssa 

MeHKa A^a- 

MOBa 

Densmca HeiuraKa 

Uija 



Al'.paHIIIKa 

hi: a .iema 
UocTiiiiKa XciMa- 

HOBa 

BHAOBaqa 

r».l;i,l,,ipK,i 

BoAeif>;iiin 

B0A<'ll.a'in I. 

jjgepoM 

I, .11,1 H.nio- 

aeoHOBa 

■■una. 
■if.ii 

pcxa 



Ja6yne : 

IIonoBa^a 
Ilpyra^a 6pyH0B- 

CKa 
Hpyra^a .lyjii- 

KOBa 

l'aJKoiuiMa 
Pe6pa*m npyra- 

CTa, 3HMCKa 

Pe6pa^a npyra- 
da, jecen>a 

Pe6paqa ycKpni- 
aa, n,pBeHa 

PeHeTa (karopo^. 

PeHeTa 6.1 eHxaJM- 
CKa 

PeHeTa Ky.iOHOBa 

KpyutKe : 

Tpa* Mo^TKe 
^bopckh caBeT- 

HHK 

I'aiiepeHOBKa 

SepMeHKa 

;K\ Tllll.il 
oIlOHilMil 

3aieHHKa 

J0CH<H,;i 

BapanaHKa 

EUanoBKa 

RiepsoBKa 

LMilpK.l 
Milplljii .1} | 



PeHeTa ^aH^oep- 

fia op^ieaH- 
CKa 
PeHeTa Kap6ep- 

TOBa 

Py3MapHHKa up- 
BeHa 

CaMOHHKlHHa 

CeHa6nja 
Cp^iHKa 
CTpeKaa 
TaMftamta no3Ha 
XayTop^eHKa 
I],ap AjieKcaH^ap 

UlTeA^BHBKa 



MeAHHHH 

MepncKa 3HMCKa 

He^LHCOBa 3HMCKa 

IIoaTOBKa 
Taisyma 

Tii.\imaHKa 

TBp^anH 

Temca 

THKimpa 

TiiKMiPiHua Eo- 

cicoBa 
$UHHOBKa n:aip- 

CHil 



262 



BOUKE II BOTVE 



Oa jadyna h KpyinaKa nia HaJBHine copaTa, na 
3aT0 3a HaJBaatHHJe cop're h EOMeHycMO r^e hx Tpe6a 
caAHTH. 3a ocTa^e BpcTe BokaKa HanoaraiteMO, j\& 6ojb$, 
HeatHHJe cop're Tpeda rajHTH Ha coohhthjhm MecTHMa, 
Hnp. no daunaMa h ABopHinTHMa, a o6H*mnje copie 
CBy^a, r/^e 3a h>hx HMa MecTa. 

2. OApeijoasbe pacTOJaaa. H3a6paHe BotKe ycne- 
Bake EaKO Ba^a h moIih Le no wejbm kophctmth caio 
Ta^a, aKO 53 ce 3a pa3BHJan>e na, aobo.i>ho MecTa, n 
aKO ce yca^e Kao ihto Tpe6a. 

OBaj je npocTop Heje^HaK He caMO 3a pa3-iH*me 
cop're, BeL h 3a je^He n HCTe copTe, a to noMaBHTO 

3aBHCH OA EbflXOBHX OCOOHHa, 0£ OCOdHHa 36Mjte E 04 

caMora MecTa na komo ce mAw caAHTH. IIpeMa TOMe : 

Bucone eoRne, oa ce ca^e y eofinattuMa n uo- 

pe# uyTeea, Tpe6a ca^HTH y pacTOJaay 



^yae 4—5 m. 

Mnpa6ejLKe • • • 4—5 m. 
BpecKBe h 6aA,eM • 4— 6 m. 

K-ajcHJe 5—6 m. 

TypryfteHpeHK^OAe5— 6 m. 



IJena^e 



5-6 m. 



Buiuae 
KpyuiKe 
Tpeimte 
Ja6yKe • 
Opax • 



• 6-10 m. 
■ 8-10 m. 
. 8-10 m. 

• 8-12 m. 
12-15 m. 



Ako je 3eM£>a .iohihx ocodnna, Tpe6a y36TM 3a 
1—2 m. Man>e OACTOjaae. 

/I,a ce oa 3eMibe bhah ihto Beka kophct, qedo ce 
M3Mel>y eae nopeA peAOBa BoLaKa caAe Kao y3poA h 
ocpeAH>e Bolnte (c-i. 129 h 130), Hapo^iHTO Typryae ( r rpH0- 
niAHBe), nena^e, Mnpa6ejiKe, peHOOAe, BHnnte, dpecoe, 
Kajcnje h H3BecHe copTe ja6yKa h KpymaKa. (Oa ja6yKa: 
KaHaACKa peHeTa, 3.aaT0.iHKa peHeTa, MynraaT-peHeTa, 
IEap^iaMOBCKa, nap A^ieKcaHAap, menepjiHJa, Ay^Hna, 
ann h AP-? a oa KpymaKa : K^iepaiOBKa, 6a3Ba, Bhjih- 
jaMKa, K^ianoBKa, 4 eKaHT0BKa ; ABpaHnraa, B0JB0TKHH>a 



IIPF<'ATiIIBAH>E BCRAKA 263 

aHxy.ieMCKa, mjuum TpeB n AP-)- ^ trkom oiyqajy ja- 
wi.T.ii ca^HTfl y pacTOJaiky aa 10 — 12 m., a KpyinKe 

8a ^ — 10 m. ; uuaqe, 6e3 y3poAa jatfyKe y o^cTojaity 

U 10, a KpymKe 3a 8 m. 

HtiCNC tfoto. Obg Tpetfa caAHTH y pacTOJaH>y npewa 

o&uulj Kojn hm ce m/ia ^aTH. TaKO : 

Kajcuje l 

y nn.iiiKy nnpa.MU^a • • 3—4 m. 

y o&uncy naufera c BOAopaBHHM 11 kochm 
rpaHaxa 4—5 m. 

y o6.uiKy .leneae 4—5 m. 

tansy upocTiix kociix 11 Ta,iacac r nix 
Kop^OHa 0*40 m. 

y 06.1 iikv caosqbhx kociix b vcupaBHHx 
rcopAOHa 0*80 M. 

y 06.111KV lui.byuiKe ca 3 rpaHe .... 0*90 m. 

y 06.111KV Hii.LyiuKe h CBetaaKa ca 4 rpaHe 1*20 m. 

y 06.111K) BHAynuce 11 CBeliaaKa ca 6 rpami 1*80 m. 

y oaiiiK-y Hn.LyiiiKe 11 CBeJiitaKa caSrpaHa 2*40 m. 

y do.inKv mi.bviiikc HCBciiiLaKacalOrpaHa 3'00 m. 

y o6jiHKy cioateflor U • • 1*20 m. 

y o6^HKy qeTBopodpyKor U 2*40 m. 

I TpH oApefyHBa&y pacTOJa&a koa kochx h rajia- 
cacra BopAOHa Tpe6a npexoAHO H3Hakn no^oataj, y 
KOMe he ce OBe BoLKe pa3BHJaTH, h Be-iHtmny Tajiaca 
— koa Ta.iacacTHX KopAOHa. 

Epecnee 

y 06.1 hkv mi pa.M n,i, a 11. 111 ijoviia • • • 3 1m. 

iipai'.iuix i:o|),ioii;i 0*60 m.- 

y o6.hik\ c.i<»;i:chiix ynipaimux 11 kochx 
BOpAOHA 1 — 1*20 M. 

»;th cy koa CBase lofcM OBI uu.iimii, y KojiiMa ce Moae 
raj 1 1 

2 OBaj 061MM lOAdcaHJe caMo aa uoKpHBaite BHAoaa, oja 
je BHCHiia oko 3*70 u. 



/04 BOUKE H BCRE 



y o6jwkj npocrax kochx Kop^OHa • • 0*70— 0*80 m. 

y o6^LHKy oioiKeHor U 2— 2*40 m. 

y o6jwky ^eTBopocTpyKor U 4—4*80 m. 

y o6^.HKy najLMe r ra c Bo^opaBHHM h kochm 

rpaHaMa 4—5 m. 

y o6^LHKy JLene3e • 4—5 m. 

y o6.iHKy BHJ&ynme h cBekaaKa ca4 rpaHe 2—2*40 m. 
y o6^HKy BH^byuiKe h cBetaaKa ca 6 rpaHa 3—3*60 m. 
y o6jLHKy BH^bymKe h CBetaaKa ca 8 rpaHa 4—4*80 m. 

9 Uljbuee 

y o&iHKy impaMH^a ......... 3—4 m. 

y o6^LHKy j.ene3e 4—5 m. 

y 06-iHKy najLMeia c kochm h Bo^opaBHHM 

rpaHaMa 4—5 m. 

y o6^LHEy BHibymKe h CBenaaKa ca 8 rpaHa 2*40 m. 
y o6^iHKy BH^bymKe h CBenaaKa ca 10 rpaHa 3 m. 

Tpeume u euume 

y oCuHKy nnpaMH^a 3—4 m. 

y o(kHKy na^LMeTa c kochm h Bo^opaBHHM 
rpaHaMa 4—5 m. 

y oftiHKy wiene3e 4—5 m. 

y o6jLHKy BKZ&yniKe h CBeksaKa ca 8 rpaHa 2*40 m. 
y o6j.HKy BH^bymKe h CBekaaKa ca 10 rpaHa 3 m. 
y o6^LHKy BnzbyinKe h CBen&aKa ca 12 rpaHa 3*60 m. 1 
y o6^.HKy BH^ymKe h CBetsaKa ca 14 rpaHa 4*20 m. 
y od^LHKy BH^bynme h CBetaaKa ca 16 rpaHa 4*80 m. 

Ja6ym 

y o6^LHKy nnpaMH^a npnca^eHnx Ha xo- 
.laHACKy ja6yKy 3 m. 

y o6«iHKy nnpaMH^a npnca^eHnx Ha ne- 
TpoBa^y ja6yKy 1*5—2 m. 

y o6jLHKy npecjLH^acTHx nnpaMH^a npn- 
ca^eHHX Ha xojLaH^CKyja6yKy 1*5— 2 m. 

1 KaA ce ate-an npoH3BecTH o6ahk ca BHme oa 10 rpaHa, 
Tpeda 3a nc-AAory y3eTH M-iaAHny npoH3BeAeHy H3 ceMeHa. 



riPECA-BIIBAHjE BOHAKA 265 



y oo.ihkt npec.iH^acTnx nnpaMH^a npn- 
ca^emix HaneTpoBany jatfyuy 1-1*5 m. 

y oo.inKy ycnpaBHHx EopAOHa HaxcuaH^- 

ckoj ja6yn.ii 0*40 m. 

foray vcnpaBHnx Kop^oHa Ha neTpo- 
Ba*ra ja6ynn 0*50 m. 

y o6.iBKy npocTHX kochx Kop^OHa Ha xo- 
.KiiUCKOJ jaoyiiH 0*50 m. 

y 06.111KV npocTHX kochx Kop^OHa Ha ne- 
TpoBanu jaGynn 0*40 m. 

v on.HIKy lipOCTHX BOAOpaBHHX Kop^OHa 

na xo.iaHACKOJ jatfyun 4—5 m. 

y ou.umy npocTHX Bo^opaBHHx Kop^OHa 
Ha neTpoBa^ra ja6yn;H 3—4 m. 

v (»n.lHKV C.lOffieHHX Bo^opaBHnx Kop^OHa 
na XOiaH^CBOJ jauynii 6—7 M. 

y 06.IHKV CiOJEteHHX BOAOpaBHHX KOp^OHa 

Ha neTpoBa^H ja6yu,H 5—6 m. 

y o6.iHKy Ta-iacacTiix Kop^OHa Ha xo- 
.i;iH r ;cKoj h.ih neTpoBa^n ja6yn.ii • • • • 0*40— 0*50 m. 

y o6jiHKy cioateHHX ycnpaBHHx Kop^OHa 
na xo-iaHACKOj jatfynn 0*60— 0*80 m. 

y o6AHKy cioajemix ycnpaBHHx Kop^OHa 
na neTpoBa^ui jaGynn 0*60 m. 

y o6.iHKy qame Ha xo^aH^CKOj ja6yn,H 2— 4 m. 

y odiHKy Hanie Ha neTpoBa^oj ja6yn,H 1*5—2 m. 

y o6.iuKy na^iMeTa c kochm h BO^opaB- 
hhm rpaHaMa 4—5 m. 

y o6*iHKy .aene3e 4—5 m. 

y o(LiHKy BH-kyniKe h CBetBaKa ca 4 rpaHe 1*20 m. 

y 06.1 hkv BH&ymse h CBekitaKa ca 6 rpaHa 1*80 m. 

y o6^HKy BH^yraKe h CBeiiH»aKa ca 8 rpaHa 2*40 m. 

j odiaxy iin.i.yiiiKc ji ritcliii.aKaca 10 rpana 3 m. 

y oOaekj U 11a iieTpona-ui .... 0*40— 0*50 m. 

KpyviKe 

y odlHSy iinp.iMii,^' ii;i \u;i, 1,1111,11 ... 4 m. 

y oOauky Kpii.iruix mi|)ii.Mn,i,a .... 3—4 m. 
y oftuncy CBeLftaw 2—3 m. 



"266 BO-RKE H BOTIE 



y o6.iHKy nnpaMH^a Ha Ayn>H • - • • 3-4m. 

y o6aekj npecjiH^acTHX napaMH^a Ha AyH»H 1*5—2 m. 

y o6.iHKy CTy6acTHx nnpaMH^a Ha^y&H 1*20— 1*50 m. 

y o6.aHKy ycnpaBHnx, kochx h Ta^LacacTHX 
Kop^OHa 0*40 m. 

y o6.iHKy cioaceHHX, ycnpaBHnx h kochx 
Kop^OHa 0*80 m. 

y o6.iHKy ^ame • • 2—4 m. 

y 06-iHKy najLMeTa c kochm h BO^opaBHHM 
rpaHaMa Ha MJLaflHii.H 6—7 m. 

y o6.iHKy na^LMeTa c kocom h BOAopaBHHM 
rpaHaMa Ha Ay&H 4—5 m. 

y o6.iHKy jLene3e Ha maslaru^ .... 5-6 m. 

y o6.iHKy .iene3e Ha Ay&H 4-5 m. 

y o6.zLHKy aioaceHor U 1'20 m. 

y o6^LHKy ^ieiBopocTpyKor U 2*40 m. 

y o6akry npocTHx Bo^opaBHHx Kop^oHa 3—4 m. 

y o6.iHKy cioateHHX BO^opaBHHx Kop,3,OHa 5— 6 m. 

y o6^.HKy BH^yuiKe h CBekaaKa ca 4 rpaHe 1*20 m. 

y o6.iHKy BH^byniKe h CBeteaKa ca 6 rpaHa 1*80 m. 

y o6awly BH^byniKe h CBeioBaKa ca 8 rpaHa 2*40 m. 

y o6.iHKy BH.zbyinKe h CBetaaKa ca 10 rpaHa 3 m. 

y otfjuiKy U 0-40-0*50 m. 

BajeMa 

y oC-iHKV nnpaMH^a 3— 4 m. 

y o6j.HKy ycnpaBHnx Kop^OHa Ha ul&hbh 0*40 m. 

y o6^.HKy Jiene3e 4—5 m. 

y o6^LHKy na^iMeTa c kochm h BO,a,opaBHHM 

rpaHaMa 4—5 m. 

y o6.iHKy BHZbyiHKe ca 2 rpaHe • • • 1*20 m. 

y o6.iHKy BHibyniKe ca 3 rpaHe •.••,• 1'80 m. 

y o6.iHKy BH^byniKe ca 4 rpaHe ••..•_• 2*40 m. 

y o6^LHKy BHibyniKe ca 5 rpaHa • • • • 3 m. 

4y%e 

y o6«iHKy nnpaMH^e hah n6yHa • • • 3—4 m. 
y otfjumy j.ene3e 4—5 m. 



VB1IBAFBE bo-raka 



•267 



Aecne 

y ou.ihkv irapaMB^a h.ih uoyiia • • • 2—3 m. 
y uo.ihky .iene::e 3—4 m. 

CM0K66 

iiAOHe 3—4 m. 

y aio6oAH r^e je MorykHo 4-5 m. 

Buuoee A03e 

y odimcy Bo^opaBHux Kop^oHa .... 3 m. 
.iiikv Ho^opaBHHx Kop^OHa ca 2 eTaate 

je&Ha hshha Apyre 1*5 m. 

.iiikv Bo^opaBHHx KopAOHa ca 3 eTaase 

jiuna B3H8A Apyre • • 1m. 

■'"'.iiikv BOAOpaBHEX KopAOHa ca 4 exaace 

je^Ha ii3na r ; apyre 075 m. 

y 06.111KV j{o r ;opaBHHx Kop^OHa ca 5 exaaca 

jeM.ua n:ma r ; KpJTe 0*60 M. 

y o6.ihkv npocTHX ycnpaBHHX Kopaona 0*70 m. 

y o'Iihkv aioaceirax ycnpaBHHX KopAOHa 0'50 m. 

oOwiHKy kochx KopAona 0*80 m. 

Pu6u3Jie 

y <im.ihkv mipaMH^a hah n6yHa • • • • 1*50— 2m. 
y 00. iiikv npeciu'iacTe h CTy6acTe nnpaMHAe 1 m. 
y o6.iHKy ycupamnix KopAOHa ■ • 0*20— 0*30 m. 

V oo.ijjKy IIpOCTHX BO^OpaBIlHX KOpAOHa 1"50 — 2 M. 
IIIKV &10S6HHX BO^OpaBUHX KOp^OHa 2 — 3 M. 
.IIIKV Na.l.MCTa C KOCHM H BOAOpaBHHM 

ipaHa.Ma 1«50 K. 

''.iiikv Bii.i.yuiKe h cneJiif>aKa ca 3 rpanc o*60 m. 
y oo.iiikv BH.tyniKe m CBetiibaica ca4 rpaue 0*80 m. 

y oo.iiikv inipa.MHAa. ],ioyna u.iii HHCEHX 

i:"I.KHiia 1 — 1*50M. 

y Oo.lIIKV 'i.tiiic Lx, 

6ahk) npe&unacre b CTy6acre nnpaMHAe 0*80 m. 



268 BOTVKE H BCRE 



y o6.iHKy ycnpaBHHX Kop^OHa • • • 0*20— 0*30 m. 
y o6^LHKy npocrax Bo.zi.opaBHHx Kop^OHa 1*50—2 m. 

y 06.AHKy OZLOJKeHHX BOAOpaBHHX KOp^OHa 3—4 M. 

y o6awrj Aene'SQ 1— 1/5 m. 

y o6ahkj naj.MeTe c kochm h BO/i,opaBHHM 

rpaHaMa 1 — 1*5 m. 

y o6aekj BH^byniKe h CBeksaKa ca 3 rpaHe 0*60 m. 
y o6aekj BEJbynme h cBeksaKa ca 4 rpaHe 0*80 m. 

3. 06e^eacaBaH>e MecTa 3a caJjeae Bokaica, /I,a 
BoiiH>aK 6y^e Am h Kao ihto Tpe6a, noTpe6HO je ^a 
BotiKe 6y4y y noAJe^HaKOM y^a^emy, h ^a cy, nocMa- 
TpaHe ca cbhx CTpaHa, y npaBHM pe^OBHMa. /l,a ce to 
nocTHrHe, noTpeCfao je 4a ce npe capita ode^eate eito 
TaqHHJe MecTa, Ha KOJHMa te ce cr^hth. HapaBHO, otfe- 
jieataBaae Tpe6a H3BpmHTH TaKO, ^a oho 6y^e ihto jeB- 
THHMJe. Haj6o^>e je Kaa ce 3a OBaj pa^ HnniTa He n-iata, 
tj. Ka^ ce Bpinn pa^HOM CHaroM H3 Kyke; jep, aKO ce 
3a o6e^ieataBaH>e Tpara reoaieTap, 3a Galeae 6amT0BaH, 
a 3a ope3HBaH>e, ^ydpeae, no^oaljaBame h ocTa.ie pa^ite 
BemTH Ji>^AE, OH^a ce c TaKOM npopeAOM Moaee OTepaTH 
tojihko ^ajieKO, 4a pa^ae oko 3acHHBaH>a Bok&aKa CTajy 
e cKyno h nanpeHo. 

Odn^HO ce BotiKe ca^e y nea^paTy : :, a^H je 
6oa>q Ea^a ce ca^e :•:•:, Ha caee3, Te- 3aT0, KaKO ce 
atcis ca^HTH, TaKO Tpe6a o6e.aeMTH h Mem 3a ca^eae. 

OOejieotcaecme MecTa nap, ce eo&ne uefre ca^uTU 
ca yspoflOM. Haj6o^»e je Ka/i, je MecTO o^pe^eHO 3a 
BoliH,aK y o6./iHKy npaBoyraoHHKa, Kao Ha conn 127. 
IIpBO Tpeda otfcaeaKHTH CBa ^erapn yiua (konma) A; 
Hy aKO ce OBa noBpmHHa rpaHiraz Tyi>HM HMaiteM, Ba&a 
OBe yMOBe noMatn 3a 5 m. yHyTpa, aKO ce ca^e ja- 
£>yKe h KpyniKe, a 3a 3 m. yHyTpa, aKO ce ca^e m^HBe h 
c/mHe BotKe. 



nPECA-EHBAtLE BOT^AKA 269 

Baa ce H3Ha^y CBa qeTHpn yMa, Tpe(5a y cBaKy 
TH'iKy iiouocTii ycnpciBHO 110 je^Hy no^yiKy npHTKy, na 
mo OAMepira pacTojaite H3Mefyy h>hx h H3paqyHaTH 
Ko.iiiKO he pe^OBa 6hth y BotaaKy h ko^ihko Ke y 
cbasom pe^j 6hti BokaKa. Ako ce Hnp. kqae ca^HTH 
Ha y^a-ieay oa 8 — 10 m., a ^a^HHa npaTKe op, npaTKe 
h3hoch 44*50 m., Tpe6a 44*50 no^ejiHTH ca 8, na 3a™i 



At 





E 

-if— 


F 
-f- 


- — 


H 

— if— 


K 
? * A 


Bt 


% 




♦ 


♦ 




J- \- j^-Ib 


i * 




♦ 


♦ 




4 


* ♦(' 


B* 


\ 




* 


4 




/™j $ <B 


A* 






♦ 
J 




L 


-i--^ 



127. H<iiji.Kn,RH<j .limiije noMwyjy, uuto ce BH3HpaH>eM 
Mory o6e^e»HTH peAOBii h pacTojiiH>e H3Mel)y h»hx. 

i'»Miii', ( 'iinM km.iii iiiiikom 5 (y3eTH caMOii.eo.6poj) no/je- 
.1MTH DOHOBO n;ii'.»M»'iiy .i,y;i,*miy : 14*50 : 5 = 8*90 M. 

Bobi Ko.in'nnn; noitasyje Ban .^iKJie, 4a BohKe Tpetfa 
n.i.i.i.n.it'co j'c.iii;! 1.1. Apyre w 5*00 .w. b ,i,h, 

l,t'H-;i h;i MB63 C iH'impHiiM 6pOJ6BIMa KOpft 
fJlTl BO 6 l;ut,;ii;;i. ;i i;i»i |.r,iol',;i C II M J » H II M u|>oji l IUl\i;i 

no je.1.11.1 Mini.f, tj. bo 5 BoLaxa. /l,;i ce Hsaa^e pa- 



270 BOTVKE H BOTVE 



CTOJaae BoiiKe oa BOhKe y peAy c HenapiraM 6pojeBHMa, 
y KOMe je je^Ha BotiKa MaH>e, Tpeda Aya™y peAa no- 
Ae^HTH je^HHM 6pojesi Maite, Hero dito hbhoch 6poj bo- 
hana y npBOM pe^y, y KOMe je napHH 6poj BonaKa. 
TaKO, KaA ce HaBe^eHa ^yatHHa y 44*50 m. noAe.m 
ca 5 Mecro ca 6, Ao6nne ce OACTOjaH>e 8*90 m. KaA 
je OApe^eHO pacTOJa&e BoLKe oa BOhKe, Tpe6a OAMepnTH 




d. 128. H3MeA BohmaKa, y nor cy MecTa 3a caserne o6e^eaieHa 
Kao Ha ca. 127. C Botana cy yKAO&ene iipHTKe. 

to oflCTOJaifce koa o6a cno^aniita peAa, n y cBaKy Ta^ncy 
no6ocTH no je^Hy npnTKy (koa npBor y E, F, H n K, 
a koa Apyror y Gr, J, L h M). KaA ce OBe Ta*rce 
yTBpAe koa peAOBa no Ay^HHH, Tpe6a Ha hcth Ha*MH 
H3Hann koa peAOBa no nrapHHH, kojihko he na toj Ay- 

MHH MOhH CTaTH BOkaKa, Ha 3aTBM, KSO H J npBOM 

c./iy*iajy, n koa jW*or h koa Apyror (cno.oiiiH>er) peAa, 



ITPECA'BHBAILE BOHAKA 27 1 

OAMepHTH 0ACT0J<me, h y cBany Ta*ray iio(>octh npHTKy 
(A. B, C). ripnrKe y B c/iyse cauo aa HHiuaH>eH>e (bh- 
3HpaH>e), Aa CBe npiiTKe y tom pe^y 6yAy y npaBOJ 
.lHnnjn, jep ce BOhKe y ApyroM, qeTBpTOM h ocTa-auM 
peAOBHSia y napmni opojeBHMa He caAe 17, Ben y I), 
rj. no cpe,i,iiHii npBor, Tpener h ociajinx peAOBa y He- 
napHHM UpojeBHMa. KaA cy OApefyeHe Ta*rae Ha cnoAa- 
iiih.h.m peAOBHMa, Mory ce ocTaje Ta*me, tj. oho y yHy- 
TpanmocTH, OApeAHTH h BH3HpaH>eM (HHniaftefteji), Hnp. 
msa D BH3HpaH>eM o& E Ha C h oa B Ha B, na 
rAe ce yKpcTe npyre CE n BB, 3a6ocTH KO.ian,, a 
to je y D. Ha OBaj Ha^HH H3Hai>y ce Hajnpe Tanice y 
HeiiajiHUM peAOBHMa, na 3aTHM Ta^Ke y napHHM peAO- 
Bna. KaA ^ e no tom jaMe ncKonajy h boKk6 sacaAe, 

OH,ia ]€ TUKUB BOhH>aK HOCB6 HpaBH^iaH, TJ. BOhKO Cy, 

Kao hito noKa3yje ca. 128, y npaBHM peAOBHMa, KaA 

.leAajy (fyAH c Koje cTpaHe. 

Ajko je noBpmHHa OApei>eHa 3a Bot^aK TaKBa, a& 

joj je pp. jeAHa AyatHHa Beta oa Apyre, Ba^a y tom 

1 Myiajy, aiio je OMaH»a pa3jiHKa, Ty pa3^iHKy uo^Awm 

,y pe^OBa, h saTHM o6e.ieffiaBaH>e MecTa 3a caijeite 

iSBpimm Ha noMeHyTH Ha^mi; a aKO je o6paTHO no- 

BeLa pa3AHKa, Tpetfa OAMepHTH h c jeAHe h c Apyre 

crpaHC nuAJeAHaKy AyaiHHy, tj. oa TaKBe noBpmnne 

iiomn KoafipaT h^h upaooyiaoHUK, na 3aTHM MecTa 

i^eoe ofo&eun sa naBeAeHH naqHH. 

nbe MecTa 3a ca^ene oofiana 3ajedH0 
ca </:/>•>, i<>M a pe/^oeuMa u U3Mefjy pe^oea. H obao, 
1 y noxeHjTOi &iy?ajj, Tpetfa Hajnpe o6ejieatHTH 
frjiOBe leTBopoyr^a (m. 121) A), na 3a™i noAe^HTH 
11 ii:i|i;t'iyii;rni, 1:0.1111:0 y CBaKOM peAy mojko 
«i;t in BoLaia. 3a obmeo calotte Tpetia cBasojaKO .vmi 
aaJBabe pacroja&e, ;i im y jcahom cjiyqajj ae ipetfa 



272 BOUKE H. BOUE 



^a je to o^CTOJaiLe Maite KaKO y peAOBisia, TaKO n 
H3Me^y pe/jOBa. Ka^ ce H3Hai>e y^^eae y KOMe Tpe6a 
ca^HTH BokKe y pe^OBHMa h H3Me^y obhx, Tpeda to 
y^a^eiBe npeno^OBHTH, na npeMa ao6hb6hom KO-iH^HHKy 
o6e^ieatHTH MecTa Ha CBima cTpaHaMa wrBopoyrjia. CUoBa 



c 
A--— f— - 

i j 


B C 

-f— -f— 

/ / 
/ / 
/ / 

/ / 

—+—f 

i / 


B 

-f 

— i 
i 
i 


C B C B C 

/ / / / / 
1 1 I 1 


tA 

/ 
/ 


1 

x><4~4 

I 1 

I 

F*— -4— 
i 


i i 
i i 

/ / 
/ / 


"4-— 

/ 
i 

'—f 

1 

■4— 

i 


j-4r-f—i-4- 

I 1 1 / / 

/ / / / / 

f—4~~*~-4-~4# 


> 


**3j~rf 

1 1 


—4—4 

I I 

i i 


~4 

i 
i 

+-- 


1 1 f I I 

i i i i ; 

t~~f-4~.-f-f- 

l 1 / 


i 


/ / 

A /.._V- 
C 


-4—+ 
i i 

B C 


—4 

i 

i 
i 

-4- — 
B 


--4-4-4-4-$ 

1 / / / / 

4~—4 ♦ -4.—--4-- 

C B C B C 


^•A 



Ga. 129. OGe-ieaaBafte MecTa 3a ca^eae Bohatta 3ajeAH0 ca 

y3poAOM y peAOBHMa h n3Mei>y peAOBa. A, B, C, D, E, uo- 

Ka3yjy Tanne Koje Tpe6a Hajnpe o6e.aejKHTH, na 3aTHM noMohy 

h.hx H3Hahn BH3apaH>eM h ocTa^ie Ta^ne. 

A h B E0Ka3yjy MecTa, na KOJHsia te ce noca/i.HTH bh- 
coKe BotKe ; C aiecTa r^e Le aoLh HHate BotiKe, yspoAe 
a D pe/i,OBe y3po^a. Y3po^ ce He ca^n y D, Bet 
y a, y D je cano npHTKa, ^a ce BH3npaH»eM (Hnraa- 
H>efteM) Ha H>y ojiaKina ode^eataBaae. Y peAOBHMa E 
yspoA ce rajn no pe^y HenapHax 6pojeBa, a bhcokc 



nPECAT>lIBAIl.i: BOTIAKA "273 

BoLKe no pe^y napHnx 6pojeBa. Pe^ F MJia hctj no- 
Ae.iy, Kojy miajy npBH h nocieAftH pej, (A). Hcnpe- 
Kii r i,aHt' .umiije noKa3yjy, krko Tpe6a BM3HpaTH (HHiua- 
hhth). TaqKe sa cafyeite BokaKa y ynyTpamikocTH i ie- 
TBopoyr.ia (upeijyjy ce OBaKO : je^aH BH3npa Ha Tawe 
ADEF, a Apvrn r.ieAa w tfy^y y npaBOJ .ihhhjh CE, 
BF, CE, BA, CC, BB, CC, BB, CC, AB, EC, FB 



* j# m # • • • # # • 

• • * # # # * • m m 



Ca. 180. ll.;i.:c.i i:oKh,;ii;;i y ko.m c.y Mecxa 3a ca^eae Bohaiwi ca 
oi y petAonma n HBHe^y peAOBa ofoAeseHa xao Ha ca. i29. 

ii EC. I I.i OBaj iiamni MoryliHO je naJTaqmrje o/ipe- 
aiiti! iecTO sa CBasy Botoy. 

OBO o«"m'.ii';i;;ii;;ih ( (: pa3JlHKyje CO OA npBOF o6l k AQ- 

;i;;u;;iii.;i caio y TOMe, urn) ce obac y8Bna r pa nyra Beta 
6pOJ Hoh;ii:;i. o.i, KOjU ce iio.ioiuiiia yoonH T6K noc/ie 
50 I'M,mii;i. ij. one. KOJe C6 Paje KftO y3pOfl (m. 130). 

y:jj)<u yi.-.ioiiii , DiM,;i cj BaocTtwe liol.Kc J 

BO'KKK II 18 



274 



BOUKE H BOUE 



npaBH^HHM pe^OBHMa, tj. H3Me^ajy cacBHM Kao Ha 
ai. 128. Ka^ ce ode^eate MecTa 3a ca^eite Ha no- 
MeHyTH Ha^HH, He Tpc(fa ce HjianiHTH, Aa Lo /i.oij.HHJe, 
noiHTO ce poA yooHH, 6mth e TaKHx BonaKa, Kojnia 
he ce peMeTHTH npaBH^HOCT. BoHH»aEe, kojh ce H3- 
HOBa noAH^y, A<>6po je, r^e roA npHAHKe Aonynrrajy, 
3acHHBaTH Ha OBaj Ha^HH; Ta^a ce BokKe y3ajaMH0 



At- 



D E 



D E 

-f— f- 



D A 



Bf— +— +— + — + 



cf- 



+ 



+— -+- 



4~~ ; 1— 4B 



+— -f-THC 



Bf 



A 4. — .£—4—--* 
D E D 



+-,+ —^—4- 4—-+— 4 B 



-*A 



d. 131. 06eAeffiaBaH>e MecTa 3a ca^efte BotaKa ca y3poAOM 
y peAOBHMa. 



3aniTHHaBajy 7 tj. Maite nai'e oa BeTpoBa h o^iyja, a n 
6ep6a je Belia, jep yspoA pal>a Bek noaae HeKo^iHKO 
roAHHa. 

06ejieotcaea f H>e Mecra 3a cafeite eofiana ca y3- 
poflOM mju fie ce cafluru y pe^oee y nojuMa cy u 
eofine. Haia npn^HKa r^e ce OBaj Ha^HH ca^e&a BokaKa 
BMiiie u,eHH, na h aKO ce Ha^inn npeA h>hm BMiiie npe- 



nPECATBHBAH>E BCRAKA 275 

nopyqyje. OBaKaB je ciyqaj Hapo^HTO OH^a, Ka^ ce 
se.u.LnniTe 3a H3BecHO Bpejie xe.111 qiuie 3acejaTH. 

O^e^iexaBaite Mecia 3a ca^eae y OBaKOM cayqajy 

raoro je jiaKiiie, Hero koj, HaBeAemix HaqnHa. Hajnpe 

ce 04pe r i,ii pacroja&e pe^a oa peAa A, B, h C (ci. 131) 

h boLk «m BokKe E, na ce nocieAi&e pacrojaite AE 

.111 ca 2 n npejia 6pojy KOAiqHHKa otfeaeate necia 



§ # %& # 



#^##®#### 






» } M ^ § 



> * £ ":9 ^ m ® : M # 



% & ^ • H> # ? g| ■# ^ # 



Cj. 132. H3Mea BotiBaKa y kom cy MecTa 3a caserne o6eAeateHa 
Kao Ha ca. 131. 

I ::aniM y Bii;iii pajy Ta^Ke ABC c Ta*maMa D h 
1 ce n.iiiai>y lecTa ii Ba ocia^e BoLite. Koa pe- 
e HenapHM (pojoBHMa (A 11 C) crajine BotiKe ca^e 

ce y A 1 B, a ioj pe/ioBa c iiapmiM tfpojeBMMa y D. 
4. Konaae jaMaka 3a bhcokb h ccpe^ae Bokice. 

Illupiuia H ,i.} r, ini;i j;iMnl.a, j;im;i, 11 ii;i;kii,;i iipn CaMOM 

'•alv'ii.y oa HajBeter ej yrmjaja :5a Ba&aHo ca^eae Botasa. 

18* 



276 BOTxKE II BOTvli 



Epn Konaity jaMa cacBHM je CBeje/i.HO, 4a ae he 
ce bhcokg oh ocpeAH.e BotKe ca^HTH y B0hH>aKy, rpa- 
Ahhh, nopeA nyTGBa, eae 6jae Ha kom ApyroM Medy ; 
OHe y CBHMa obhm npn^HKaia Tpe6a Aa ce npnnpeMajy 
Ha hcth naqflH h c noAJeAHaKOM naacitOM. 

y ko^ihko je 3eo>a TBp^a h .ioihhjhx ocodnHa, 
y toahko h jaMe Ba^a Aa cy nrape, &ae He h y tojihko 
Ay6^.e ; jep Ay^Ha, Kao hito Leno Aa&e HaBecTH, noate 
6hth h mTeTHa. 

IEnpHHa jaMe Ha AotfpHM 3eM.&aMa He r rpe6a HHKaA 
Aa je Maaa oa 1*5 m., hh Beta oa 2 m., a Ay^HHa, 
npeina oco^HHaia 3eMj.e, Moa;e 6hth oa 70 — 100 cm. 
Hy y HaJBime npn^HKa OBa Beta Ay^HHa (100 cm.) 
Moate 6hth BHHie oa mTeie nero oa kophcth c Tora, 
hito y TaKOM ciynajy atH.ie 3anaAajy y 3ApaBHii,y, Koja 
je ocKyAHa y xpaHHBHM MaTepnjaMa, jep OBa 3eM^,a hhjc 
Moivia 6hth H3.ioateHa yrnnajy Ba3Ayxa, tohjiotc h BOAe- 
hhx naAeaia Kao opaHHna, na 3aT0 h npn Konaity jaMa 
Bajta na3HTH, Aa OBe He 6yAy 3HaTH0 hchoa c/ioja opaHnne. 

/l,o6HBeHa HCKycTBa y obom noivieAy H0Ka3yjy, Aa 
BOHKe, y ko.ihko cy n^nte y 3CMjlh sheas BOnao, y 
toahko 60m pacTy h paHnje CTamy Ha poA, e poA hm 
je He caMO KpynHHJH h ciai>H, Ben je h mhphhiahbhjh. 
To je h npnpoAHO, jep wleaq Aonnpy h y opaHHHj, y 
Kojoj HMa y H3o6n^,y h MHHepa^HHX h opraHCKHX Ma- 
Tepnja. 

yofeajeHO je, Aa ce jaMe 3a ca^eH>e BokaKa eo- 
najy y BHAy Kpyra, a.iH je 6oa>q oa ce Konajy y oCmhkj 
KBaApaTa (aa. 133) c Tora, hito ce Ha Taj Ha^HH (Spate 
paAH, h ihto ce TaAa 3HaTH0 o^aKmaBa h pa3MemTaH»e 
mEA& ; jep jaMa y o6^HKy KBaApaTa, kojh 6e 6ho hcto 
niHpHHe Kao h Kpyr, HMa npocTopa oa npHAHKe 3a V 4 
BHHie (ci. 133 A), na ce y Taj npocrop Mory no.10- 



nPECAlillBAlbE BCRAKA 




XBTn u one acu.ie, Koje y Kpyawy jaMy He 611 MOMe 
mm, u Koje (Shcmo pa£i 6o.i»er pa3MeniTaH>a M./ia 
MOpa.iii cKpaniTii, ii.m jaMj nponinpHBaTH. 

Ako je 3eM^a .lomax ocotfflHa, tj. TaKBa, a& y 
H>oj HeMa aobo.lho xpaHHBiix MaTepHJa, Ba.La jaMe a& 
cy BiBpoKe 2—3 m. y KBaApaTy, a Ay^oite ao 1 *.; 
I ,ia 6h ce 3eMAa ocHaata.ia, Ba^a je H3MeniaTB c kom- 

nOCTOM, 60.LOM 36M.LOM EAtt l>y()peTOM. 
IIpHCaMOMKO- 

naH>y j&M§ Ba.ia na- 
3HTH, Aa ce ropita 11 
{iOAna3e.M.LaH3ABaja 
iia jeAiiy. a Aoaa h 
nepoAiia sens Ha 
Apyrv rrpanv; a rko 
je 3eM.ia pa&uraie 

KaKBOhe, Ba;ta CBaKB 

RABOJin y 8a- 

cedHy roMii.iy. Ka,i, 
ce jaMe HCKonajy y 

noipefiHOJ mnpiniiiH Ca X8 3. Ko«»e jan» y p(Jii«y wap^ 

Ay(>HHII, Tp60a HX A noKa3yje nouehaite, Koje ce Ao6«Ba iia 

OAMaX HCEYHHTH AO ° Baj " a ™"' a K ° ra HGMa y M r^ly. Ka A ce 
• , 1 / l' lMe KOna Jy y B "Ay Kpyra. 

y 2 HjIb / s n,BX0Be 

Ajtinn rop&oi 1 poahom 3eMJbOM; a na ciyqaj, a& 

3eMAa HHJe Ao6pa, Ba^a je, 00 btto je HaBeAeHO, H3- 

leman nrro 6oaoi 36maom, ko.uiioctom mmh fyytfpeTOM. 

J.on.y 1 iit'jMi.i i nnjy B6XAJ Tpeda BaAps&TH nopeA j&Me, 

• ja.Mf h.omc icajHe iipiLiiiKoM ea|e&a Botana. Aao 

ce cafyen.e BoKaKa 1041 inHpiinrni <>,i,m;i\ 11. in 11a KpaTEO 

BpeMe no Konaii.y jaaia, ua.i.;i ii<'iiYii,ai',;ii!,r jai6 B6H&OV 

iaB6AeHe BICIH6 upiiiHTii y ciojcunMa, tj. c/innrni 

II" MOJ, jep 66 v DpOTIBHOM ''.lymjy ::«\M.i.a snnu'o 




278 BOUKE H BOM 



BHnie create, ycaeA wa n nocafyeHe Bote 3anaAajy BHme 
y Ay6KRy, Te ce TaKO yca^yjy Ay^-foe Hero nrro je to 
noTpe^HO, na ce, j\n 6h HanpeAOBa.ie Eao ihto Tpe6a, 
Mopajy H3H0Ba npecaijoaTH. 

YofeajeHO je Aa ce jaMe Apate OTBopeHe CBe ao 
npe^ caMo Galeae, a TeK Ha 3 — 4 HeAe&e ripe capita 
HcnyBbaBajy ce 3eM^0M ao HaBe^eHe bhchhc To ce hhhh 
H3 pa3.aora, Aa 3eM^a 6yAe H3.aoateHa dtto Bnnie yTH- 
najy Ba3^yxa, h paAH r rora Aa 6h npeKO 3HMe hito 
6o^>e H3Mp3^ia. MHorn Konajy jane Ha jeceH, a ca^eae 
Bpnie TeK Ha npo-ieke. Pa3^or 3a OBanaB paA Moate 
6hth onpaB^aH caino Ha TeniKHM h tbpahm (36hbhhm) 
36MibaMa ? HHane My HeMa MecTa; jep kophcth, Koje ce 
nocTHaty yranajeM Mpa3a, MHoro cy He3HaTHHJe oa ko- 
Phcth, Koje ce AotoBajy KaA ce BoiiKe caAe c jeceHH 
h 3hmh. 3aTO HHJe noTpedHO KonaTH jaMe Ha HeKO^iHKo 
Mecena npe capita, Bet na KpaLe Ao6a ; a KaA ce caAH 
c jeceHH h 3hmh, Mory ce jaMe KonaTH y hcto Bpesie 
h KaA ce caAH. Ako ce tom npa^HKOM ca 3eM&OM no- 
CTynn Kao hito je HaBeAeHO, Heke ce Ha BotiKaMa noKa- 

3aTH HHKaKBHX HlTeTHHX HOC/ieAHHa. Y OCTaJlOM, HCKyCTBOM 

je AOKasaHO Aa Bote, Koje cy npeca^eHe y Ao6a oa jeceHH 
AO MapTa, MHoro 6om HanpeAyjy h Aa ^aKine OAO.ieBajy 
ate3H h cyuiH, Hero BOHKe, Koje cy AOHHHJe npeca^eHe. 

5. Cai/eae Botana Ha xyMHke. Ha BJiaaEHHM 36M- 
^aMa h Ha TaKHM, Ha KOJHMa ce jaMe He Mory KonaTH 
c Tora, hito hm je KaMennTa noA-flora, Kao h y aiy- 
najy, KaA cy aoh>h ciojeBH HepoAHH, npenopyqyje ce 
ca^eite BoLaKa Ha xyMnte. OBaKO ca^eae perao KaA 
Aa ce h3boah c Ao6pHM ycnexoM, na ra caMO y KpaJH»oj 
HeBOAH e Tpetfa ynoTpe6nTH. 

3a OBaKO ca^eae Ba^a H3a6paTH OHe copTe bo- 
kaKa, Koje nynrrajy CBOje meaq BHme BOAopaBHo; a 



nPECA-BHBAIl.E BCRAKA 



-279 



y HajyAecHije saro pauymijy ce Tpennte, jatiyKe h 
ra.Lii 

\id,\ ce BoLKe ace.ie caAflTH Ha B^a^HHM MecTima. 
rpetfa iia Merry, r^e ce Bokne npecafyyjy, npeKomiTH 




Ci. 184. A iioispiiiHiiii neM^e, B \y\int.. C .loiiituii.a, 
!.k;i noc;i!;<'na y xy.Miili. 



3CMAy y A.V'luiiy :ia 20—40 cm., a y iinipimy 3a 3 — 4 m., 
u.y DOpaBHaTH, iiaMc.THTH Molii;y v.', nphTKV B 0K0 
IM HarpHJTB :*'M.i.c y ou.incy \VMnl.a (ci. L84), na- 
M'lw IIpH Tom .i.;i 66 xy.MM}. V npxv :;apawilf II OKO 
B0LK6 iia'iMiiii AOKBUja, &a tfa C6 J OBOJ Mor.u t: n m m n ii,a 



-280 



BCRKE H BCRE 




3aApataBaTH. Ako je npn pyii,H oyceH, ^odpo je ,4a ce 

H.HM6 XyMBh 06- 

AQfiLK, jep ce Ha 
Taj Ha^HH cnpe- 
^iana HcyiuHBaae 
3eM^e.HeEHnpa- 
Be xyMBhe Kao Ha 
CjiHHHl35,paqy- 
najyhH /ja ™ie 
npHHy^aBajy jkh- 
aq 4a n^y npaBO 
y 3eM^y; a.iH no- 
mTO TaKO mTO h 
y CTBapn He 6nBa, 
He Mory ce Taos 
xyMHHH hh npe- 
nopy*iHTH ? Hapo- 

<IBT0 JOB! H C 

Tora, hito ex je 
Teate Ha^HHHTH, 
hito ce 6pjKe ncy- 
niyjy, hito ce 3eM- 
Jb& Dannie cn.ia*ie 
khiuhhijom, na ce 
TaKO sheas dame 

H3jia5Ky mTGTHHM 

yTBii;aJHMa Ba3/jy- 

Xa, CB6T.10CTH, TO- 

n^OTenxjia^HOhe. 
Ako je 3CM^a 

npH.iH<iHO B^iaat- 
Ha, ^o6po je ^a ce no/i, xyMBta o6aowe KpynBBJHM 
Hi^yHKOM , pymeBHHaMa h Tone hoao6hhm ; a aKo je 




Ga. 135. A noBpmHHa 3eM^e, B xyMnk, 
C BoLKa uocaf/eHa y xyMwfc. 



nPECA-BIIBAhbE BO-RAKA ""281 

B.iaiKiia, rpetfa je npe Tora, KaKO Taso, iiito 6oA>e 
ueymHTU. 

KaA ce BoiiKe aie.ie ca^HTH Ha tbpahm (36nBeHHM) 
n Hepo^HiiM i'.e.M.LaMa, Ba.La n OBe Kao y HaBe^eHOM 
f.iyiajy npenonaTH y nrapHHy 3a 4 — 5 m., na 3aTHM 
HaHGTH 3a CBaKn jaunt AOBO.LHO 3eM&e h BoLKe yca- 
Ahth Ha HOMeHyrn Ha^HH. Ilpn tom Tpe6a na3HTH, ^a 
n.ioAHa 3eM.i>a Ao^e H3iie^y atn^ia n no cpe^HHa xyMflka, 
a HepoAHa oko xyMnka. 

6. /1,06a cai^eaa. Pa3JiHiraa cy MHrn^eita o Tone, 
y Eoje Aotfa Tpetfa BotiKe ca^HTH. HeKH TBp^e, ^a hx 
je Haj6o^e caAnra y jeceu, hokh y 3UMy, a HeKH oneT 
iicTiniy upodeRe; ajin HCKycTBa y obom noMe^y no- 
Kasyjy : 4a ce eoKne, noje ce ca&e c jeceuu u 3umu, 
mhozo Mucme upiiMajy u 4a ce 4pyzoza Jiera mhozo 
Gate pa.wujajy Hero BoiiKe Koje ce ca^e y MapTy, a 
napo^HTO y anpnjiy, na 3a r ro Bokap Fome n Be^n : 
„CaAH KaA xohem, a.iH npn tom HMaj Ha yaiy, a& je 
sa OBaj mi.i. oo.lh OKTo6ap oa H0Ben6pa, HOBeaitfap oa 
Aeserfpa, A^KeMdap oa jauyapa, jaHyap oa oedpyapa, 
<j>e6pyap oa Kapra, a napT oa anpn^a." 

KaA ce BOhKe caAe y jeceH h 3hmh, nocTH^y ce 

OBe KOpHCTII. 

1. Ha npeceuHMa atn^a jaB^ajy ce KBpatnne OAMax 

ilv'H.y, a no i ieBnin oa aeCipyapa, KaAa ce 6yAH h 

BereTaiuija, Tepajy h hobc tkmab, Koje cy oa Be^iHKor 

•wiawaja 8a npniafte. Ha BoLsajfa Koje cy nocafyene 

it. in \i(»aii.i,<MM' y Ao6a oa OKTotfpa ao jaHyapa, n Koje 

ce 3aTHM y aotfa oa ©efipyapa ,1,0 napTa BaAe H3 aeM&e, 

■Or] 66 :;aii;i:;irni I KBpSHlje B HOBe REAe. Kao 1IIT0 

1 a», npji|)o,i,a ce GTapa, ,i,a iiito npe 3a^e*iH atiMe, 

gj DOBpe^eHfl Konaftei aoba&a, h a<i iuto npe npo- 

16 Boae ;i;n.it'. re ,i,;i iaEO enace Botity oa cmpth, 



282 BOUKE H BOTVE 



2. Khihom h CHeroM noTHOJiaate ce c/ieratte 3eMAe 
Koja nnaK ocTaje Tponma, h H>OMe ce ncny&aBajy cee 
myn^HHe, Koje aiopajy ocTaTH H3>ie^y atoa, Ma ce ca- 
fyeike BpniH^o h HajnaaijLHBHJe. 

3. Mpa3eBHMa Apodn ce 3eio>a, na ce Ha Taj Ha^mi 
o^aKmaBa o6paljHBaH,e ropier cioja, a morytiHo je ^a 
h atn^iaMa npn^ia3e .lame Ba3Ayx, KHma, poca h to- 
n^OTa, Te cy 3aT0 oiie He caMO 3ApaBHJe, Beti ce h pa3- 
BHjajy .laKme h CHaatHBJe op, maa Ha BOHEaia Koje 
cy npeca^eHe y npojiete. Ka/^ ce BOHKe ca^e y npo^ete, 
tj. noniTO CHer okohhh, h Ka^ je seawba 3()or MHore 
B^iare TeniKa h CMOHHHaBa, HaqHHH ce y ^o6a, KaA cyHii 1 e 
ynene, Ha hobphihhh 3eM^HHOJ HBpcTa Kopa, Koja caieTa, 
r re ao ffiHJia He story o^Max npo^peTH HaBe/jeHH mhhhohh: 
KHma, poca, Ba3/iyx h Ton^OTa, na ce 3aTO OBaKe BOhKe h 
jiome pa3BHJajy, a c thm h He Mory 6hth y hctoj MepH 
hh 34paBe, Kao bohkc noca^eHe c jeceHH h 3hmh. 

4. npnjiHEOM capita, na Bpnin^io ce oho h Haj- 
tfpate, ffiH^e Mopajy 6hth hcko Bpeie H3.aoateHe yTHuajy 
Ba3Ayxa h CBeiviocTH, h c Tora hito je c jeceHH h npeKO 
3HMe Hnata TonjiOTa, npnpoAHO je w ne ce h meaq 
HcyniHTH y siaitoj Mepn, Hero Ka^ ce BOHKe ca^e Ha 
npo^eiie ; a y ko.ihko ce OHe y obo 406a h HHa^ie Bnuie 
cacynie, y toahko je Teace h npHMaite. KaA ce BoiiKe 
c jeceHH hjih npeKO 3HMe He yipane o,piax, He Mory 
ce OHe 36or HaBe^eHiiX pa3.aora to^ihko ohitcthth; 
Me^yTHM, Ka,a, c npojieLa h caio 3a KpaTKO Bpeie dy^y 
BaH seM^e, atn^ie hm ce cineatypajy (cacyme). a hcto 
TaKO h rpaHe h ^e'ropacTH, ua cy y tojihko h Heno- 
^ecHHJe sa ca^e&e. 

5. 3eMjLa npeKO 3HMe ycnuie Be.iHKy KOyiH^Hny 
B^iare, Te 3aT0 h BOhKe, Koje ce ca^e c jecenn h 3hmh, 
MaH>e naTe flonHHJe oj\ cyrae Hero ajs. bohkc, Koje ce 



nPECA'EHBAFLE BOTRAKA 283 



ca^e c upo.ielia : u npii.iHKOM cafje&a Hnje ux HOTpedHO 
ulub&th. Me^vTAM Ka r \ ce ca^e c npo.ieLa, 3a.iHBaH»e 
je iiocbg noTpe^HO. 

6. 3a OHe, kojh BOHKe Kynyjy, CBaicaA je 6ojbe 
r \a to yqirae c jeceHH, jep ne Ta^a HMaTH imoro BehH 
H36op, 3tfor qera Le ao6hth h bohk6 tfo.te KaKBoLe, a 
aeLe hx hh nape cKyn^e cTaTH. Hany copTana asiaLe 

an H36op, jep je siaaa MorykHOCT, ^a he ce y obo 
Bpene pasrpadm. 

7. Ja.ioBii, a Hapo^HTO poahh nynoAnn, noqnity 
nyniiTH h TepaTH BeL 04 <&e6pyapa, na ce 3aT0 npn- 
jikoh naKOBaaa, npeHOca, cai>eH>a hta. Mory .aaKine 
oimeTHTH n yhhiuthth, Hero y 406a kua je koa BokaKa 
MiipoBaae coKOBa (o r \ OKTotfpa a<> $e6pyapa). A c Tora 
ieto bohrc, Koje ce ca^e y oetfpyapy h AOHHnje, nai'e 
11 iipii.niKOM npeHoca oj\ cyme h atere a^oko BHine Hero 
Bobxe, Koje lie ce caAHTH c jeceHH, H3.ia3H && he ce koa 

H.IIX H THMe 3HaTHO BHHie OTeffiaTH npHMane H Ba^aHO 

pasnija&e, Hero koa BotaKa Koje ce caAe c jeceHH. 

Ha mux OBH pa3^iora h c Tora hito je BoLap 

y obo Ao6a 6ecnoc^eHHJH Hero y npo.iehe, jecen>e ca- 

teite Tpe6a CBaKaA npeinocTaBHTH npojiemeM canity, 

11 npH tom Aa ce oho ue BpniH 3a BpeMe jaKHX 

HUM 11 Mpaaeaa h KaA je 3eMAa cacBHM B^aatHa, Kao 

ce npeAy3HMa hito paHHJe, jep he h cafyene Shti 

ijUko noBOAHjge, 6ojbe. 

n.pmyjy cboj nopacT c jeceHH, h to y Ao6a 

a h.iix onaAH6 .liniihe. TaAa cokobh Kpyate no- 

otjbho me ciafaje h ouftge; na nanoc/ieTKy koa h>hx 

iih 1 I8B6CH0 Miipoiiaii.e, Koje ce y oChmhom »m- 

BMDl 11 „ciiaBaH>e BoLaKa". 

liiii.'- iiac'ryiiM KOA Bdkaita i!(M,-;i,i paimje 

1 iu'i:;ij. .v'lin'.ij*', npeMa roue ,1.1 ju j« i j via jeceHH 



284 



BOUKE II BOftE 



6h.io BpeMe cyB^e oh B^aatHnje; aKO je 6rao cyB.*>e, 
.innine noaiyTH Bet y OKTodpy h onaAHe, a aKO je 6eao 
B^ajKHHJe, 6y^e h /^a^e 3e.ieHO, na He npedaje h ^a^e 
BpniHTH CBOJy parity CBe aotaq, j\ok ra Mpa3eBH He 
saxBaie h npisiopajy jy& ona^He. OBaKO ieto Hapo^HTO 
je yo^AHBO koa JLia^HX ja6yo, 6pecaKa h Kajcnja. 

^ecTO ce ^eniaBa £a no3HH Mpa3eBH join y OKTo6py 
3axBaTe .innine n obo hckhm AeAOM npnMopajy ^a h y 
to BpeMe ona^He. y TaKHM npninicaMa nocMaTpaHa BOHKa 
He noKa3yje ^a je 6hj.o y neMy onrreneHa, a to je ao- 
bo^bho, na ^a ce Ha ciy^aj noTpe6e Moate y obo ,406a H 
Ha BeniTa^KH HannH yKioHHTH jnmne c BonaKa, tj. ,a,a 
ce noKH^a. OBaica pa^aa noKa3a.ia ce n y npaKcn bpjlo 
KopncHOM, jep ce bohkc, c kojhx je Jinmne noKn,a,aHO y 
OKTo6py hjlh ,a,onHHJe, npnMajy cacBHM Ao6po ; cjimo tom 
npnJLHKOM Ba^ba odpaTHTH naatay, ^a ce OBaj pa^ Bpmn 
npe h.zlh o,a,Max no ncKonaBafty BonaKa, jep ne limine, 
aKO ce Aoniraje Kn^a, n ^a^be H3B.iaHHTH H3 Bonne co- 
KOBe n pe3epBHy xpany, n THMe AonpHHera, ,4a ce Bonne 
CMeasypajy, ncynie hah h cacBHM npona^Hy. Occm Tora 
npn^LHKOM yiuaaaaa ./minna Tpe6a otfpaTHTH najKay n 
Ha to, a& Ha rpaHaMa ocTane no neniTO oa neTe^Ke 
•inmna; jep ano 6n ce .innine KHAa.10 c H,e.iHM ne/rejb- 
KaMa, MOivia 6n ce oinTeTHTn OKua, Koja cy y ochobh jLnmna. 

Join je^HOM noHaB^aio, i& ce catena BokaKa y 
jeceH h 3hmh HaJTon^nje npenopyqyje. A.ih tamo ce 
ne TBp/j.0 h to, #1 ce BoliKe nocafyeHe y npo^iene 
HeLe npHMHTs; n OBe ne BoiiKe HanpeAOBara, a.in c 
HaBe^eHHX pa3^ora npHMeTHO cia6nje 04 BotaKa Koje 
ce ca/^e y jeceH h 3hmh, h Bonap, kojh Ha npo^eiie 
HMa h MHornx APyrnx noc/iOBa cbojhx, HMaLe y Tanoj 
npijiHii.H a^ caB^ia^a h OBaj nocao, kojh 6h My HHaqe 
6ho HS^iHinaH, oa 6e nocaAHO BOhKe y HaBe^eHO BpeMe. 
Pa3^i03HMa ? a& ca^eae BonaKa Tpe6a npeAy3eTH y npo- 
jiene Ha TemKHM h BJiajKHHM MecToa, HeMa MecTa hh 



DPBGA'&HBAtbE BCRAKA 285 

y ko.ihko. Tovie o TOMe Be^n: „Hna Bek AecefHHy 
n.aima saKO ea^ni Bohse 6e3 o63Hpa He only, nojioajaj 
!0<$IH6 36tt6, ia;i,iiM nx CBy^a r^e ro,a, Mory, h joni 
HinaM sanasio Aa boLec nocafyeHe c jeceHH h sbmh Ha 
xeinini-M ii luaannni seiLfc&Ma inne hito roA Bnme oa bo- 
basa, KOJ€ cj iia toiiikiim 36M&aMa nocatjeiie na npo^ietie." 
7. H3oop h cnpeMaae ca^HHDia, IIpH H36opy bo- 
liai:a 3* H$e&6 Ba.La odpaTHTH naatH,y, a& ohc dy^y 




.'.'I. A fteftio; I! mkcto na KOMe je Bohsa hjui- 

ii.i: C ipsa I0&K6; D cpsna atH-ia; E r.iaisno 

nue; V notioiHe (cnopeAHe) shag; (J KopeiioncuaKe; 

ra. na KOJHMa Tpeua opeiarn ;i;n.ir ; II iiorpeiinm 
p je aaces oopa-raii, y son je oayHajy 
oTeaiaiio npaataiaibe, a c th.m h npHMaae. 

.5.i,[i;ii'.t' ii gotfpo pa8MJeH6. C;niiiiHe, Koje neMajy cpxHe 

;i;n.i<\ KOJ6 Cj H8 {»;ii'a,i,iiiii:;i y KOM6 je 3eM.^i npH- 

6pal;HBana n Koje hhcj crapige oa 6 — 8 ro- 

AHHa. ii;ij«Vu* CJ 38 OBaj ill!. 1.. 

noLapa ]6 iiajiK»\.;,T,;iiin.i«\ &a noipetfaii 6poj 
••;i,i,hhii;i npoimAe g8m. V cjiy%jj ,i.;i ee 0H6 MOpaj] 



286 



BOUKE H BOUE 



KynHTE, Ba^a na3HTH ^a ce OHe Kyne caMO oa co^h^hhx 
e npnno3HaTHX Bokapa, Ma ce 3a h>hx e HeniTO BHme 
ea&teao. Ilpn tom Tpe6a o6paTHTH naatity, a& ae em 
je AP B <> 3pe.io eae HHJej tj. a& ae ce TKaae norayHO 
3ApBeHH^io eae imje. OiyAa je 3a OBaj ema> 6qjlq, Aa 
ce npecaAHHije Ha6aBJbajy H3 TOiMHJnx MecTa, jep cy y 




Ca. 137. KpyHa y kojoj cy ciatfe rpaHe h iipo- 

AyjKeae Ae6.aa, Te hx 3aTO He Tpe6a ope3H- 

BaTH, a orpaHKe TpeSa HanpoTHB ope3aTH &o 

MecTa OBHa^eHHx n,pTOM. 



TaKOM cjiy^ajy M-iaAapn norayHO ApseHacTH ; oa ce caA- 
iran,e Ao6aB^>ajy H3 xa&akejex npeAe^ia, obh a<> jeceira 
Mory 6hth He3peAH, na a& ^^ko CTpaAajy oa Mpa3eBa. 
Oa MpaseBa CTpaAajy a&ko e OHe npecaAHHne, Koje cy npo- 
H3BeAeHe Ha ^y6peBHTOJ 3eMJ»H. 3aTO TaEBe BotKe Tpe6a 
yBeK caAHTH OHaMO, rAe je no-ioataj ihto BHine 3aK./iOH>eii. 



I1PECA'BHBAH>E BCRAKA 



287 



Ilpe Hero ce boLkr yca^n, Ba&a je cnpearaTH, 
tj. Tpe6a joj opeaarii anue ; a y obo aoo\ eae no 
ea$e&y, ope3aTH joj h spyiy. 

Opeaueaw otcttAa. Botaa fee ce y to^ihko 6ojlq 
iipiiMiiTH, a c Til ii 6o.ie pa3BijaTH, y ko^hko ce Ha 
H>oj 311.11)3111 Beliii opoj 3ApaBHX atHjia. Ho TOMe, npn- 




Ca. 138. Esri64 upyHe Kao Ha ca. 137 no 
ope3HBaH>y orpaeaita. 



.HIKoM DBOI 0p031Baiba lia.I.H oopaTHTH najKH.y, &a re 

yuioiti eaio DOBpe^6H6 bia6, ,i,a ce iiapaiiaiu.ma sopa 
•:;ii.i;i,i,n, i i;i 06 umTO Ma^o CKpaTe BpxoBH atnyia 
(<m. L86 .1 ii II). Caio ii;ii; opesraafte rpetfa H8Bp- 

IIIHTII T;i: JOC II C .loll.c 6TpaH6 (J), 

«in suie ya BeiAj 6a&6 npiaerae, jep j toi 



288 



BOTxKE II BOUE 



oiy<iajy h paHe 6p30 3apacTy. He Ba^a, Ka^ je 3aceK 
c ropae CTpaHe (H). 




Ga. 139. 



Oa. 140. 



Ca. 139. Obao je a Bp^o cuaaian .iCTopacT ; h Aa 6n co hotiio- 
Morj.o npoAyateite Aeo-ia, TpeCa ra cacBHM y&iouHTn. OcTaae 
rpaHG Tpe6a ope3aTH Ha 2 — 4 OKa h to b, c h d na ABa oku, 
a Apyre ua lexnpH (bhah n,pTe). EpoAy^eifce He Tpe6a ope3H- 
BaTH. Ppany (.aeTopacT) b Baji>a ope3aTii KpaTKO. Aa 6a. ce THMe 
uojaHa-io upoAyajeae, a Ha tom MecTy h ana^e HHJe noTpe6na, 
jep 6h ce Aon,HHJe yKpmTaja c rpaHOM e. TpaHy /' Tpe6a 3a- 
ApacaTH , jep 6h KpyHa On-ia uape^HiaBa ua tom Mec r ry. oiua 
oh Be^iHKa npa3HHHa. — Ca 140. If3r.aeA KpyHe uao ua ci. 140. 
no ope3HBaH>y. 



HeKH npenopy^iyjy, ^a ce ope3HBaH,e meah BpuiH 
caMO HomeM ; hah ce oho mome BajbaHO H3BeCTH h ho- 
;KHn,aMa, a»o cy ^otfpe h oiirrpo. 



IIPECA'EnBAtfcE BOKAKA 



289 



Aotfpo je ^a ce atH./ie, eoieto ce opeaty, noTone y 
mv.i, oa iuoBa*ie, roBe^e 6a^ere h bo,/^, na TaKO h 
Aa npenote. Ako ce to pa,p, Ba^a hx npe# cafyeite 
nocyni iipauiHHOM. 




Ca. 141. EpoAyateae Aetfaa a Tpeda CKpaTHTH 
y b, c Tora bbto cy cbg rpaHe, H3y3eBmn c h 
rf caaGor pacTa; rpaHy c yooHHTH cacBHM, jep 
je chh;kh;i a HHJe hh uoTpe6Ha, a c-CTaae ope- 
Bftin ao MecTa uoja cy oima'iena n,pTOM. 

0pe3U6(m>e npyue. TOMe, ^a ae KpyHy BohaKa 

opearaaTfl ii.m to, na oiuo npe h.ih nocie ca- 

. nodoje ABOJaKi mhiii.mmi.ji : joahh cy, 4a hx Tpetfa 

opesraan, ;i Apyra ,iu to Tpetfa; b paayioaa h je^HHx 

11 4pyTM2 t.-ikiui cy, ,ia Mecro Mory to.ihko aoyinrni 

Spe BoLape, 1.1 to 3Hajy, komg rpetfa BepoBaTH. 



BUI.RK H BO^K 



19 



290 BOUKE H BOUE 



H npHCTa^Hn;e n npoTHBHinn ope3HBa&a y oboj 6op6n 
cbojoj He npaBe HHKaoy pa3,iHKy H3Jie^y CTapnx h 

lOa^HX, BHCOKHX H HHCKHX BO&aKa, HH H3Mefyy 0HHX, 

Koje cy Aodpo n Koje cy Aome npon3BeAeHe. IIpBH 
Tpaate #a ce bo^kc ope3yjy, na 6eao a& ce raje Kao 
BHCOKe boLkg eae y pa3HMM ofannHMa, h to y TO- 
^hko BHine, y eojihko cy Bete, CHaMnje; a Apyrn 
3axT6Bajy #a ce ope3HBan>eM yoaaajy caaio H3JiflmHH 
Ae^iOBH. H ciaCSe e CHaatHe Bote opesyjy ce j\&kaq 
no^je^naKO ; h aKO ce y Toaie y^MHH KaKBa pa3^iHKa, 




d. 142. H3MeA KpyHe Kao Ha caHn.ii 
141 no ope3HBan>y. 

^hhh ce cacBBM norpenmo, jep, yMecTO Aa Made rpaHe 
6y^y Ay^e oa ocia-inx, h,hx Hajupake ope3yjy, a& 
6e ce TaKBHM ope3HBaH>eM nojaqa^e ! H je^HH h Apyrn 
Bpme ope3HBaa>e CBeKO^inKHX BokaKa no je^HOM Ka- 
jiyny, h aKO je HHa^e npnpoAa BokaKa Taoa, a^ ce 
CBana Kpyna Mopa ope3HBaTn npeMa itemm ocodnHaMa, 
na 6eaq C/iatfnje ear ja^e, a HHKaKO no h6khm H3- 
Mnin.LeHHM npaBH.iHMa. 



nPECAT,HBAH>E BCRAKA 



591 



r l,;l ulKWlo .Hia.lll, KJIKO y nOJe^HUHM npHjUIKJlMU 

Tjieua H3BpmHTfl ope3HBa&e K'pyiie, npirjiaateHO 0B,a,e hb- 
BtH'iui 6poj cunra v:h j tiix H3 npHpo/je, Kojnjia cy yxiui- 
tene HajnoTpe6HHje pa&AHice y ocodimaiia Kpyna pa3- 
.liiuHnx BohaKa : a Time Leuo caj-maTH h pa3^HKy y 
hmixoby ope3HBaH.y. 




C.i. 143, TloKa3yje KpyHy, y Koje je HeyuoTpe6£.iuta 
BpraHa rjcuia diiMuyatcfte Ae6aa). Oa OBase KpyHe 
KorykHoje aoOhtb join cumo o&ihk same (kotjis), pa4H 
vera rpe6a yuoHHTH rpany a, uoidto je iixiiniimi, 
o,icehn je y 6,a ocTa.ie rpane CKpaTHTH, Aooe uprc 
noraayjy. 



Ha mx uuia (137 — 152) jacHo je, ^a ce Bene 
KpyHe opeayjj Bime a Hese Haae opeiia cbojhm oco- 
onna\i;i. soje cy enoMeKjTe y onncy hciioa cBaKe cahko; 
nuto ex rpetfa opeairaaTB 6ea otfanpa Aa ^h cy boLkb 

cal/'iif y jeceH, 3HMB H.ni J npdeLe, y ao^" BAB na 



292 BOUKE H BOUE 



6pAy, na ceBepHoj, jyatHOJ har kojoj Apyroj crpaHH 
CBe r ra, Ha tcihehm rar amirm 3eio>aMa ht/j. 

Ilpn opesHBaay r^iaBHo je, Ha niTa Tpe6a na3HTH, 
fla ce ynjicma cee wto je cyeiiwuo u 4 a ce sa^potcu 
cee wto floiyHuje Moofce KopucruTu. OBaj HaHHH XBaia 
3.iaTHy cpe/j,HHy H3Mel>y ohhx, kojh npenopynyjy obo 
ope3HBaH>e, h ohhx, kojh cy hpothbhh obom pa^y, na 
je 3aTO h Haj6ojLH. 

3aApataBaiteM cyBHHiHHX ^e^OBa y KpyHH, Kao hito 
to aie.ie hpothbhhhh ope3HBaH>a, HeMa cyMH>e, o^aKmake 



Ga. 144. RzTAeA npyne Kao Ha as. 143 no 
ope3HBaH>y. 

ce npHMaae BoLaKa, a^H ce KacHnje He ^odHBa KpyHa, 
Kao hito ce ate.in, a ao TaKBe KpyHe h Teaie ce 40- 
^a3ii. CHaatHe rpaHe ojanajy joni BHme, a ^a 6r ce 
cia6e 0£pata./ie, HOTpedHO je ^a ce 3aTHM CHaame rpaHe 
ope3yjy hito Kpate. Hy obo KpaLe ope3HBan,e He Moace 
ce CBaKa^ H3BecrH, Kao hito 6r to 6rao HOTpe6HO ; jep 
KaniTO OKHa, wsmiji, kojhx ce peace, Tepajy y to^hko 
c^adnje, y kojihko ce rpaHe KpaKe ope3yjy, na OTy^a 
h Ji-iaAapn, kojh ce Ao6njy H3 TaKHX OKaua, He Mory 
6hth no/i,ecHH 3a pa3BHJan>e CHaatHHX rpaHa. A Kaa ce 



IIPECA'BIIBAH.E BOTIAKA 



-293 



nanpouiB OAMax yoa&ajy cyBnurae rpane, h Ka^ ce 
rpane ope3yjy ^yra i iKo, a CHaJKHe KpaTKO, c.iaoe 
he ce rpane Beli ^pyror ,ieTa nojararn iia paqyH CHaajHHX 
rpana : a ao jeceHH Aotfnke ce h KpyHa, koa Koje Le CBe 
rpaee uhtu Mefyy cotfoii y paBHOTeatn. 





C.i. 145. 



C.i. 146. 



i a. 145. JeAHOroABinaa Kpyiia. DpoAy&e&e a Tpefja npeKpaxHTii 

y ft, a o m d \ k.ioiiiith, jep cy 3a paaBHJaae spyHe cyimiiiiie. 

I 'p;uiy t j i ;i;;ith, jep je OiaGa, a ocTa-ao upeKpaTHTH ao 

up re. — (,'.i. 14'"». Il;;r.ic,i Kpym- Ha CllQ 145 uo ope3HBaay. 

II|ui.nn,-oM ope3HBaH>a uiu.a odpaTHTH iiamy, 4a 
aaceK 6yAe y hctoj bhchhb c iiviioakom (ca. 153), a 

UKftKO M.;ii;i.i, iiviio.i.kji (<M. 154) U.1H y BH^y OHCa, 
i:.i,\na (ci. 155). 



294 



BOKKE H BOUE 



IIoctojh MHnLZBeae ^a Kpyna h wleaq Mopajy 6iith 
y ii3RecH0J paBHOTeaj.ii, na ,4a npeaia TOMe Tpe6a H3Bp- 
imimi h caMo ope3HBaH>e 11 auLia h KpyHe, h pa^n Tora 
saxTeBajy, ,4a ce ope3HBaH>e KpyHe Bpnm npe cat/eita. 
PaBHOTeata ii3Me^y am.ia u KpyHe nocTurnyTa je ko,4 Ba- 
ibaHHx BotaKa joni y ,406a, aok cy one 6iMe y pacTH^iy, 





Ca. 147. 



Ca. 148. 



Ca. 147. IIpoAy^eite jeAHoroAHniH>e KpyHe a Tpeoa HpeKparirni 
y fc, jep cy c, d h e ca&6b. leTopacrn (rpaHe), a& 6k ce momo 
upncTynHTH npoH3Bot)ejty hobhx rpaHa; rpaHa je f c^Bunma, 
3aToje Tpe6a oAceta, a rpaHe g h h Baj&a CKpaTHTH ao upTe. — 
Ca. 148. Har-ieA KpyHe na oihu,h 147 no opesHBaay. 



jep ce tom npnjLHKOM hhcthjio &e6A0 0,4 rpaHa, a CKpa- 
HHBaHe cy h rpaHe y Kpyira. 0Ty r 4a je pa^n atn.ia H3- 
jlhhiho CBaKO ^a^be CKpatHBaae KpyHe. A Ha ciynaj, ,4a 
6h kojh h nope^t Tora xTeo HMara OBy paBHOTeaty, He 



lIPECAT>nBAH>E BCRAKA 



295 



,\d yK.iaiba imnie o;; ^ieTBpTHHe rpaHa, h ,4a hh 
y Kojoj npiLiunii He cspalyje cue rpaHe. Jep y ko.iiiko 
ce Bnme sa^pata Bpuraax nynojbasa, y to^hko BoliKa 
pamije repa u y to.hiko ce Bume o.iaKinaBa aapamiiii- 
lutn.e pana, iipoy;;poKoi!amix HCKonaBaaeM Bokaxa, a c thm 
11 pa3BiijaH»e hobhz jbmasl. 3aT0, dito HHJe noTpe6HO o#p- 




d. 149. 



Gi. 150. 



d. 140. TpaHe (.leTopacTe) a h b Ba^ta o,\cehn, a hcto Tano h b 
in ,io n;pTe. IlpoAy»eH>e ftefaa e no Tpe6a 
k>. — C.i. 150. IL'.r.ieA Kpyiie Ha ciHn,H 149 
no opeannaifcy. 

in b y OBOJ iipn.11111,11 paiuioTemy H3Me^y soia h 
Kpync. opesHBaae ce spyHe y aaJBHrne npii.iiu.-a ope^y- 

.'UfM.i DOCie <\i};<'if>;i uoliaKa. 

Tlodnjaae npHTaica. Cue bhcok6 b ocpeA&e 

• 1. m.i x if 6a^e&] ii|)iii'.i'.:.rni .:;i ii|nm;y, ^a 



296 



BOUKE H BOTVE 



h A&JbQ npaBO pacTy n a& ce BeTpoBHMa He 6& hobh- 
ja^ie, h TaKO nopeMera^o yAa./BeH>e H3Me^y BonaKa. IlpnTKe 
3a OBaj hha Tpeda ho6hth upe uezo ce eofae ycaj,e, 
na3etH npn tom ^a ce nodnjy Ay6.&e Hero hito je jaiia; 




C-i. 151. TpaHy a Tpe6a oacehH, jep 6n ce Ka- 
CHHje yKpraTa^a c rpaHOM b ; a hcto TaKO 
yiuoHHTH h rpaHe (.leTopacTe) c, d h e, jep 
cy 0He Bp.io 6yjHe h Bnrae Kao BOAOiinje (M.aa- 
3eBH). Hcto Bpean h 3a f. OcTa^e Tpe6a npe- 
KpaTHTH ao u,pTe. 

jep y kojlhko BHnie 3a^y y TBpfyy 3eM./by, y tojihko te 
6hth h CTaCSoHnje, Pa^n Tora, Ka/j, ce jaine HCKonajy, 
Tpeda no6ocTH no je^Hy npnTKy y cpe/^HHy CBane jaaie, 



nPECA-EIIBAFbE BOHAKA 297 



na3eliii iipn to« i.a. 6y,i,n c Koje CTpaHe nocjiaTpaHe, 
(Sy^y y npawm peAOBima. 

II(M'iiij;tn,cM iijunaKa npe catjei&a nocTiiasy ce OBe 
Hp.lo BaSH6 BOpHCTH : 

lld.Moliy opHTasa Morytiiio je canine 11 MepHTH h bh- 
SHpaTH niiiiiiaiuiTii) nero nonohy BotaKa, Te je OTy^a h 
y r i,;i.T>eH>( i ji3M<'i)Y imliaKa cacBHM noAJeAnaKO, ^ok ce to 

!piuai:a He 6h moimo nocTHtn ; 




C-i. 152. HariaA Kpyne h;i c-ihijh 151 
no ope3HBan>y. 

IIn.'»iijan,c ii|»in;ii;;i npe c;ii;(Mi,a itpnili C6 KHOro 6p«6, 

camera ; 

ifMiin nHoro 6pse, jep ey npHTxaMa hs- 

ii.iIjciic rave, a <• ran ji \,i;u>eH,e y komc BO&BOTpetfa 

in : 
HtvMii BBKaSBe B6&&6, . i ; • lie ce ;i;n.]i' iioupc, l.ni n, 

caynajy, sa^.ee nooHBaBe apnraKa iipum nocae 



298 



BOUKE H BORE 



Ilpn H36opy npHTana Ba^a na3HTn: 
1. A a He 6yAy cyBHine w6vAe, jep y tom aay- 
qajy 0Ay3HMajy A^y cbg'moct h Ba3Ayx, Te ce TaKO 
w6aq hg pa3Bnja HOAJeAHaKO, a to AOHHnje Moate 6wm 
yspoK, 4a KpyHa upeTerHe bhihg Ha je^Hy eae Ha Apyry 
CTpaHy, Te ^a ce BotiKa hckphbh. IIpHTKe, Koje y npeq- 
HHKy HeMajy BHme oa 6 



cm., Hajoo^e cy 3a OBaj hha ; 



\C 






d. 153. A npaBH-i- Ca. 154. B Aome o- Ca. 155. D Ay6oK 3a- 

ho ope3HBaH>e, Koje pe3HBaH>e. IIpaBn.aHO ceK, a c thm aome 

je jeAHHO Ao6po. je y npaBijy ncnpe- ope3HBan.e. TpeGaaa 
KH,aaHe ^HHHje BC. je na bhchhh E. 

2. IIpHTKe Tpe6a a& cy hito npaBnje, a& cy to- 
jihko AyraqKe #a Aonapy 6ahsj KpyHe BokKiHe h a& 
cy rjiaTKe. BopoBe, jeaoBe h CMp^eBe npHTKe OAroBa- 
Bapajy norayHO obhm noroatfaMa, na cy 3a r ro h Haj(5oJi>e. 
EpnBe npHTKe He u,eHe ce hh y kojihko, oa ^ecTH 3aTO, 



III'K.'AIMIBAH.I. BOHAKA 299 



mTO bhcj yr.uuiu\ a nor.iaBiiTO 3a r ro, dito ce 3a bshx 
BoliKe He M<>ry npssesaTH, iiao uito Tpeoa, h uito ce OBe 
o », nx jaKo Tap v. 

Aa 6h npiiTiee uito luime Tpaja.ie, na.i.a hm, nj)e 
uero hito ce HOtfHJy y 36K&y, oropeTH aoh>h ^eo, 11.111 
n raj j,eo noTonuiu y Kpemmuj nm y pacrBop 3e- 
,ieHe ra.miu 1 . 

BoLoanjua ii mi MecTHMa r^e CTOKa He Tysiapa 
DO&ga co ya Boldly na nojienyTH Haqnii cano no je^na 
iij»HTK;i ('i. 156), a na nanmanHMa, nope^ nyTOBa h 
r^e CTOKa ryuapa 6ojLe je b&a cy y3 CBaKy BOHKy no 
Tpn npnTKe (c.i. 157). Y obom ciyqajy Tpe6a npnTKe 
3aTpHirni D.m on^ecTH, yKOBaTH .leTBaMa ht/j., as, hm 
ce na Taj Ha^HH ,ie6.io 3aniTHTH oa ctoko h Apyrnx 

KpVHHIlJHX HITeTOUHHa. 

|iajeBHMa, r^e 6h npHTKe pa3HOCH.iH Kpa^- 
.lhbuh. Tpe6a npn AHy yKOBaTH .leTBy y BH^y KpcTa, 
na ce ra,T,a Bete mohh H3 3eMjLe qyuaTH. 

9. Ca^eae Bokaica. Oa Tora, ^a .in ce cafyeite 

BoLasa Bpnn iiaxAHBo hah He, Hena cyMH>e 3aBHCH 

ii'iiiaJBHrae Ba.taiio npHMaae Boliaica, a Hapowro y ciy- 

uajy, aKO cy jane Ma.ie, aKO cy name* p|aB0 ope3ane, 

J6 aeMAa .ioihhx oco6hh3, hta. 

J[sl ce cafyeite H3BpniH Kao hito Tpetfa, noTpedna 

i .iiiiui. Je^HO oa h>hx ApatH BoiiKy ycnpaBHO y3 
ii|»iit;- >yro aarpbe Ben&y na MAe. /I,a 3eiu>a 

hito 6om d<&fl ii.;mc1;\ giua, iijujo jini^e Tpece boIkj 

na Bmne, i ftpyro floiiete Beiuby h tom wpnwuiM 
pacnope^yje sjuie 3mj npi&uuuio (He (»cbhm!) 

iii.ui noaoxaj. II je^HO a Kpyro junje nase mithm, 

BOhu ii' 1 yea i,i[ i,\ <"..!,<' SO DITO je |)iiiinj«' <"»ii.ia, 

TJ. ,ia 66 B6 J «-a ill I upar BOLkHH. ,l,a <mi 6€ oho m- 

najiu'iiiTM y ciyiajy, Ka,i,a je ja.Ma iioimipn, 



300 BOUKE H BOUE 



Ao6po je Aa ce npeKO ja>ie npenpe^H .leTBa h y3 OBy 
npH^pacaBa BpaT bohkhh. CaMo Ha .laKHM 3eM^aMa Moate 
ce BotKa HemTO Ay^e ycaAHTH, jep he ce 3e5Li>a aod.- 
HHJe caehH. 

KaA ce boho yca^n, tj. k^a ce jaMa ncnyHH 
3eM^0M ? Bajba 3eM^y Hara3HTH Bpxoi Hore oko BpaTa, 
na 3aTHM HarpHyra ./lonraje 3eaLi>e, 04 Koje Tpe6a Ha- 
hhhhth mTO npaBHJiHHJH Kpyr oko A^^Aa H OBaj H3- 
AyfeTH oko BpaTa, tj. Ha^HHHTH AOKBy, Aa ce y ay 
KHnmnna ciHBa h 3aApacaBa. Ako ce caAH Ha xyHHte, 
h to Ha cyBHM 3eMjLaMa, OHAa je A<>6po, Aa ce Ha xy- 
MHHy OBaKe .lOKBe Ha^iHHe h ca CTpaHe, hoihto ce Hajnpe 
o6Aome tiyceHOM. 

EaA ce caAH c npo^eta, Mopa ce hphjihkom ca^eHa 
BOHKa Ao6po 3ajiHTH, ynpaBO Aa ce HaMy^a (3 — 4 KaHTe 
Ha jeAHy BOHKy) ; a KaA ce caAH y jeceH h 3hmh, ^a- 
jiHBaH.e HHje noTpedHO. 

Obom npn-iHKOM Moate ce y CBaKy jaMy MeTyTH h 
3rope.ior i>y6peTa, ano ra HMaMO npn pyn,H, na3ehn npu 
tom Aa ^y6pe He Aoi)e HenocpeAHO na 'aihaq h Aa cjloj 
He 6yAe A,e6jbE oa 10 cm. ^oMeTaaeM ijytfpeTa seMJba 
ce Ta^HO nonpaB^ba h meaq Ao^nnajy BHHie xpane, a 
oceM Tora oa kophcth je h y TOMe, hito ^y6pe npeKO 
3HMe ne Aa atn.iHMa Aa H3Mp3ny, a npeno .leTa Aa ce 
Hcyme. 

Ako ce BOHKe aicie 3amTHTHTH oa x.iaAHHX BeTpoBa, 
Tpe6a cai>eae yAecHTH TaKO, Aa npnTKe 6yAy ca ceBepne 
crpaHe ; a aKo ce ate^ie 3aooHHTM oa jaKHx npHneKa, 
Ba^ba npnTKe Aa 6yAy c jyjKHe CTpaHe. 

MHorn npenopynyjy, Aa BOhKy Ba^a nocaAHTH r raKO, 
Aa npeia CTpaHaMa CBeTa 3ay3Me hcth npaBan, Kao h 
paHHJe, a^H TaKOj npenopyun HeMa MecTa jeAHO c Tora, 
hito je OBaj paA 3ajieTaH, Hapo^HTO y npn.iHHH KaA 
ce caAH y Be^HKOj ko^lhhhhh, a APF<> h noMaBHTO 



ITPECA'EnBAHjE BOHAKA 



301 



3aT0, ihto ce koa BoKaKa, Koje ce ho ca^e Ha OBaj 
huhuh, He noKasyj; miKaKBe uiTeTHe nocie,pD;e. 

10. JIpHBe3HBaH>e BokaKa 3a npHTKe. BohKe ce 
npHB63yjj 3a npiiTKe bp6obhm npyneM, .ihkom, pa- 

tDHJOM HT,J,. 





- 



Ca. 150. Bol.iut n p ii - 
lesaHa sa je.iny npH« 

TKy Ha ,ui;i m 



Ca. 157. Yz BohRy cy 

rpif upHTKe, Koje cy 

npHuc3aire y a. 



li.i.i, je v.; BQ&sy jeyT.ua iipnTKa, BajLa Aa je Besa 
y iioqeTKj .uiuaiuija, /i,a ce BotiKa Moate cnynrraTu ca 
.:»'M. i.mm nuja w. cieite, u y TOM6 C/iywijy, B63a BoLse 



302 



BOTvKE H BOTVE 



3a npHTKy BpinM ce y o6^hkj no-ioateHe ocmhho (qo ). 
^Bop Be3e Ba^ba #a ^e cnojta. Ako ce boho bg- 
3yje 3a npnmy npyneM, Ba^a hciioa OBora no/i,aTypHTH 
Kpne, Masie ht^., jep 6h ce HHa^e TaKBa Be3a cpo- 
3a.ia h cnajia, ear 6h noBpe^n^ia Kopy Ha MecTy vj\e 
ce cnaja c bohkom. OBaKy BOHKy Tpe6a npHBe3aTH 3a 
npHTKy Ha Tpn, a HaJMaae Ha ,pa MecTa (ca. 156). 
Bpnma Be3a Ba.i>a #a je HaJTBp^a c Tora, hito ce Ha 
tom MecTy BO&Ka h miJBHme Tape o npnTEy. 

Ka.3, cy Tpn npnTKe (ci. 157), OH^a je AOBO^na 
h je^Ha Be3a (a), h y tom cayqajy Ba^a hchoa H>e no- 

^aTypHTH HemTO caaMe, ^a 
ce B630M He 6n BoiiKa no- 



Bpe^Hjia h #a ctojh cacBHM 
npaBO n ctsl6rako — ^BpcTO. 
Tome npenopyqyje Me- 
TajiHy B63y, Kao na ca. 158 
(HMa hx h ^pyK^HJer ofon- 
Ka), Kojy yKyje 3a npHTKy, 




Ga. 158. Me- 
Ta^Ha Be3a. 

Vio npnpoAHe 
Be^n^HHe. 



Ta-aHa Be3a 
OMOTaHa caa- Ha 3aTHM CiaMOM OMOTa (Q>A. 

^a'cTlsT 159 )* Ha 0Ba J HaqHH ' BMH > 

Moate 6hth h fl,e6A>& npnma, 
tj. 4a HMa y npe^HMy Bnuie oj\ 10 cm., jep boho ctojh 
no/i,a^eKO oa npnTEe, 04 npnjiHKe 3a 10 cm. (cji. 160), 
Te ce TaKO hphtkom He Mo&e 3acen>aBaTH Kao y c./iyqajy, 
Ka^ ce 3a npHTKy npHBe3yje Ha otaaH na^HH, y o6.aHKy 
no^oateHe ocmhi^g (qo ). OBaKe cy Be3e jeBTHHe, jep hx 

MOffie CKOBaTH H CBaKH E0Ba i I. 

11. Cai/eae BokaKa nopeA nyTeBa. BohKa je TaKO 
n^ieMeHHTa 6ra>ksl, 4a 6h h nonpaj nyTeBa Hani^a 40- 
bo&ho xpaHe, Te je 3aT0 nocBe 3ro£Ha, as, HaM h Ha 

THM MeCTHMa o6h^HO KOpHCTH. IIlTa BHHie, MHOre BOhKG 

6anr 6h Ha obhm MecTHMa pa^e Kao hito Tpe6a, jep 



IIPECA'EnBAH>E BOHAKA 



303 



bag n3^oaceHe cbot^octb ii BasAyxy ca cbhx cTpawa. 
Te 6h h poA tfio A&ieKO 5oab Hero y BuhH>aHHMa, kojh 
cy BHine Jiaite y jaKOM ciuony. 
BoLKe nopeA nyreua ^asaAe 
6n nan 3HaTHy ko.ihmhhv p<wi. 
Kojfl uhcmo Mor.in ynoTpeoiiTii 3a 
npaB.LeH>e ja6yKOBa*ie ; AOMOBHHa 
(m.ia 6n Hasi MHoro .lennia, a y3 
to niiawin 6hcmo jom n Apyr^x 

KOpHCTH. 

H AyAH h CTOKa, nyTyjytiH, 
Ha.ia3n.in 6h Ha TaKOM nyTy 3a 
Bpene jaKnx xera npujaTHy xjia- 
AOBHny, Te 6h nyTOBaae 6hjio h 

i n HeoceTHo ; a kua cy jaKH 

:->bh, 3aApsaBa,ie 6h BOhKe 

HaJBehy KO^nqHHy CHera, Te 6h 

I'aKaj h y to Ao6a 6ho .laKimi. 
OceM Tora, ynapa^eHe nopeA ny- 
TeBa, hcto Kao h bojhhh,h, 6raq 
6h jeAaH oa Hajtio^HX nyTOBO^a, 
Aa nyTHHK oGhoL h KaA je CHer 
Hepa3raxeH He 3aBp;ta ca cBora 
nyTa, BeL Aa E t \e TftMO rAe je 
Hay mho. 

Ha niTa Tpetfa naairni iipn 

►pj COpaTI ;;;i raljiMM* in»l,ai;a 

nopeA n\Tt'i;a ii Koje eopTe rpetfa 

. noieHyro je y Tan. 1 

I .. 225 — 202). 

AKO CJ HVTt'iiil ftOBOAHO DWpOKH, i,;i 66 BOtiK6 

•,:m ii c jeAHe ii t ,11'VH' CTpaHe, .Moae ce 
ca^en-f ini'.pinimi na ftBa na'iiiii 




Ca. 160. BoKta npHie- 

I'.alllliiailpHTIiJ'MOTIl.lK'M 

m b oarp&eHa. 



304 



BOUKE H BOUE 



IIo npBOM HaqHHy n c jeAHe n c Apyre CTpaHe 
nyTa, Kao uito noKa3yje ci. 161, oabojh ce no 1 m. 
3a nenianKH nyT, na ce Ha Kpajy Tora MeTpa ncicona 
iuanan h BotiKa TaKO yca/p, 4a 6y^e na hbhuh niaHna. 






t%m>- 







:Oi. 161. 



TaKO ocTaje 3a kojiceh nyT noBpninHa aft, tJ a 3a ne- 
raaqKH je nyT pacrojaH>e o^ a j\o c c je/jHe n OA*ft 




Oa. 162. 



40 c c Apyre CTpaHe, r^e cy n BOhKe, a H3a n,nx je 
inaHan, dc n cd. 

IIo ApyroM HannHy n c je^He n c APjre CTpaHe 
ito^CKor nyTa db ncKona ce manan ac (ca. 162), na 



nPECA-EDBAItE BOTvAKA 305 

ce iiui manna ocraBB 1 — 2 M. 3a nema^iKH nyT ccl 
n tv yca^e Botee e, a nema*ren nyT oabojh oa HMaita 
OMan.ii.M jenAemiLeu d. Ha OBaj HaqnH m r \a Mite 3a- 
ceHe na Bxafta, a oua iiafte naie h oa Bo-je Ha ne- 
•'TiiMa. rfijb ce maHqeBnua He 6n Morao flara AOBO.LaH na,a,. 
IIVTeBH HHC}' aobo.lho fflHpOKH, OH^a BoiiKe 

He Tpetfa ca^HTB n c je^ne h c Apyre CTpane. J TOMe 
iMVMajy. aso ce iivt npoTeiKe o r i, ucmma na 3aua^ } 
■w\wm jyMHij crpany ; a aso ce npXTnpe y 
irpaBuy o r \ jyza na ceeep, Tpetfa saca^HTH HCTonHy 
iTpaiiy. I la OBaj ce naqzH 3e*Lie nope^ HMaaa Hene 

jaso saceftHBATH KpynoM BonaKa, Kao Ka^ 6n ce 
BoiiKe caAH.ie c Apyre CTpaHe nyia, 

po y CBflxa ^p/KaBaMa hoctojh 3aKOH o canity 
BoLasa nopefl nyreBa, na je 3aT0 n 3a Haniy ApmaBy 
onpaB^aHO dito je 3a OBaj n,n.i> yne.ia y sawn o yua- 
i>ji' ii> h,/i eoAapcrea n o^pe^e o o6aBe3HOM eatery n 

iiiii'.au.y BO&asa, o 3mmtiitii nocafyeHnx Bonaica, o 
iipiiBiniM 04Hoemia o ynoTpetfn po^a CTannx BOhaKa hta. 

1-2. Galeae Bokaica Ha roAms. KocaMa. BonKe 
rpetfa rajiiTii sa CBHica noAOxaJHMa, r^e cy iumra n 
36HA8 tmkbiix oHMMiiia, fta Kory ycneBaTH, r re mo OBaj 
pa i Tpetfa B3BpmHTB ii na socaxa, bko 0Be ne 6n 6n.ie 

e sa nge&e Apyrix oii.i.hk.i, a npn tom cy TaKBe 

,i,a na ihii.Mii BotiKe BOry ii;iiijm\ioi>,htii. Obo y to.iiiko 

rayesei boLbeb ii bb obbu tfecnua nose 

gHarao iiOBetaTB npoflBBtOAi&a BokaKa, jep raKHX MecTa 

Ilijnoll.l.y, I! Ill To C6 TIIMi' V <MV'I;ijlIM;i, 
i;;i y pOflHOJ 86MAI, ,i;i.j» l bump UpOCTOpa 

33 rajdfte ApyrBi (syATypHHx) (ta&aKa. BaJBelB je fteo 
Banna yTpraa bi KocaMa, rra 6b ce saro bbahbb abo 

v;i, «»,]. BE jn JBCMO H8B MMIUII B6- 

rpaJHe n] 



306 



BOTvKE TT BCRE 



Ilpn "cafye&y BoLaKa Ha obhm MecTHMa Ba&a o6pa- 
thth naatity, && ce KHnranija sa^pataBa y dito BeLoj 
kojIH^shh, h ^a ce H>0Me He engage 3eM^a oeojio bo- 
taEa, dito 6nBa HapaBHO y toahko BHme, y koahko cy 
Koce CTpMHJe. /l,a ce to nocrarHe, Tpe6a H3Me^y pe^OBa 
Bokao HCKonaTH 6pa3,a,e 3a aiHBaiLe BO/i,e Ha Ha^HH, 
Kao dito to H0Ka3yje c.i. 163 (A n B), h to y nra- 
pnHH h Ay^HHH oa 20 — 30 cm. Bpa3£e y AOJbE Tpe6a 
#a cy HeinTO aj6jlq Hero Ha 6pAy. Ha OBaj Ha^raH xBaTa 
ce 6pa3#aMa CBeKOjiHKa KO^H^HHa BO^e, Koja ce HaBOAH 




arS-Af-S 



Ca. 163. BotKaiwa 3aca^eHa Koca. 

Ha BoLKe, h He #a joj ce 4a ce HaMO cnymTa HH3 Kocy. 
4,a 6h ce oko CBaKe BokKe 3aApata.ia hito Beta KO^H^HHa 
Bo/i,e, jaina Ba.ta j\,& je dito nrapa, a c £OH>e cTpaHe h dito 
BHme y3AHrayTa (ci. 164 Ah B) ; a ,a,a ce TaKO y3- 
AnrHyTa 3eM.i>a He 6h cn.1aKa.1a, Hapo^HTO aKO je AaKa, 
Ba^ba je oCmomth 6yceHOM (A) ear yTBp^HTH n^o^acTHM 
KaiieBei (B). 3a 3ha jane Tpe6a ynoTpe^HTH HepoAHH 
cioj H3 jaMe, a jaMy ncnyHHTM poahom 3eM&0M H3 jaMe 
h po^HHM c^ojeM 3eMAe ca y3BHmeHe CTpaHe H3Ha£ jaMe. 
Pa/i,, kojh ce 3a.aaffie oeo Konaaa HaBe^eHHX 6pa3#a 
h yTBp^HBaaa jaMa c noAHorae CTpaHe, no ce6n je 



nPECA-BIlBAHsE BCRAKA 307 

ijji.io He3HaiaH npeua Be.inKHM Kopncnnia Koje ce Mory 
HMara oa rajeaa BO&asa Ha obhm MecTHiia. 

3a OBa K6CT8 iiajyjecHnje cy ocpeA&e BOhKe, a 
pe n Tpenm>e, ^ecKe h Ay&e, oa ce raje 
iiikv uuyiba. 

13. HcKonaBaae h caijeae bg^hkhx Bokaica. IIo 

sojl hyt ce ,v i mami, fta ce 3eM&a Ha kojoj cy HHa^e 

n 3ApaBe BOhKe Mopa ynoTpe^HTH 3a Apyro nrro, 

ii .\n ce BoLKe pa^H xora Mopajy atpTBOBaTH. J obom 





Cj. 164. IJol.Kajia 3acai>en Koca, iue^aHa ca CTpaHe. 

i r \e6Ao Boiu&sa iieua Bnnie y npe^HHKy oa 

I., lorytflo je Bolise npeca^HTH Ha Apyro Mecro, 

aso ce npii ton otfpaTfl nas&a HCKonaBaity h cafyerty 

tmkhx Botiasa. Kaon Miic/ie 4a ce OBaite BoKKe He Mory 

iijuimhth, Te iix ji ho npeca^yjy ; a MHorn OBaj paA He 

npme sao nrro Tpetfa, re OTj^a floaase ao ytfeljeaa, a& 

mfliM npuoaiia ho Tpetfa mi npeAysHMara. 

DpuKKOi leKOnaBa&a OBasin Bobasa Tpetfa y 

0*80 — 1*50 m., npeua roue a& 

20* 



308 BOUKE H BOTtE 



ah je BoiiKa Maita rah Beta, OTKonara 3eH.*y y ^y- 
6nny 3a 0*70 — 1 m. h cbg mraq Koje cy Ha toj i,&- 
.mhh npecekn, na 3aTiM KaKBOM motkom Koja je'mi Bpxy 
3ao6.^eHa yoaaaTH (^hcthth) 3eM&y ca KHJia, Kojy 
pa^n Tora ipeda no,p./ia*raTH ncno^ n ca CTpane 3RH4a, 
o^hocho 6yceHa. /l,a ce aui^e, c kojhx je 3eMj>a o^ui- 
mheHa, He 6e noBpe^n^ie ear cMeTa.ie ^aMM pa^y, 
Tpe6a hx pa3MeiaTH, a no noTpe6n h npnBe3aTH. JLojn,- 
B^aneite MOTKe H3Me^y jkravl h <raniheH>e seiLBbe ca h>hx 
npoAyataBa ce aotav, aok ce BOhKa y3 npnnoMOh no- 
BHJaH»a HaA3eMHor wa& He npeKpeHe Ha je^Hy CTpaHy. 
/3,a 6e ce koa Beknx BOhana HSBejio nocTynHO na^ai^e 
Ha 3eM.i>y ? tj. 4a ce boho na^aaeM He 6h HOBpeAH^ia, 
Ba^ba 3a KpyHy BOhKHHy npnBe3aTH ab& y^eia, Kojniia 
ce Bokiia By^e no noTpeCm Hanpe/i, h HaTpar. Ha dpami, 
Koja je npeMa cxpaHH Ha Kojy he BOhKa nacra, Tpe6a 
ho6hth Ha yAa^efty oa 3 — 7 m. (npeMa TOMe 4a ah 
je BOHKa Man,a hah Beta) 3a 50 — 80 cm. je^aH Koaan, 
y 3ei^>y ? TaKO ,a,a 6y^e naA 3eM.L0M 3a 1 — 1*5 m., ii 
3a h> yBe3aiH je^HO yate H3 KpyHe, h oko Kona yMo- 
TaTH ra 2 — 4 nyTa. Byqen,eM 3a Apyro ysse Ha CTpaHy, 
r^e BoiiKa Tpe6a && na^He, h nonymTaiteM (nocTynHHM 
o^MOTaBaEbeM) OBor yate r ra 04 Kona MoryiiHO je fla 11 
caMO ABa ^OBeKa noeTynHO, tj. .laraHO cnyde bohkv 
Ha 3eMjty. 

Rhao ^a je pokca o6opeHa Ha 6yAH kojh Hamm, 
Ba^ba je saTHM Ha HajnoAecHHJH Ha^iHH H3BaAHTH M3 
jaie (3a obo ciyate h Hapo^iHTe cnpaue, aKO cy BOhKe 
mahkq) h npeHera j\o MecTa r/i,e he ce ca^HTH, na3ehs 
npn tom ^a ce hphjihkom npenoca He noBpe^H, a Ha- 
po^iHTO a& ce KpyHa He Byqe no 'sm^H. Ako ce 3a 
OBaj rra> ynoTpetfe caoHnne, Tpe6a Ha 3aAH»eM A^y ca- 
OHHna npenpe^HTH h ytbpahth KaKBO apbo h Ha obo 



nPECA-EHBA&E BOTvAKA 309 

QOAOMTl ,\?\\lo BOi&IHO, ,\A 06 Taiio KpyH* HSAHTHe. Ha 

■eery, ivv ce .v.uipyje ^e6.io c thm ApBeTOM, Tpe6a no- 
r viTypiiTfl c.ia.Me ii. in c.hhihiix npe^MeTa, ^a ce Kopa 
He DOBpejpi. 

J a Ma. y i:ojy Le ce npecaAHTH HCKonaHa BokKa, 
rpetfa Aa je Henno mnpa, na 3aT0 OBy mnpnHy Tpe6a 
nj»e Tora tu i iho o r i,MepHTH, 4a 6n KopeH ca CBH\ia jkh- 
.ni.Ma Morao .ieno daTH y jaMy. BoJiKy Tpe6a yca^HTH 
40 icre Aytfrae, ao Koje je h paHnje (ma, na 3aT0 
ja.Ma lie ipetia Xd je ha Ay^a nn n.inna, Ben TO-iEKa, 
kOjWKO je to noTpedno. 3eM.i>a Koja ke Aokn H3Melvy 
•iKii.ia ua.i.a &a je TpoinHa h poAHa, a hcthx oco6nHa 
,ui je 11 <»na. Koja Le ce ynoTpeonTu 3a ca^eite. 
1 1 a. i ce .ja.Ma icKona y n<»Tpe($Hoj inHpnnH n Ay6flHH, oHAa 
• a ;i;n.ia rpetia yk.iuiwtii h 3aocTa,iy K0*iH*iHHy seM.te, 
na Bolffij noCT&BHTH ycnpaBHO y jaMy. Ako ce tom npn- 
AIKOl ;5aiia.;n. 4a ja.My Tpeoa noAVonTH, Tpe6a BOnKy 
ii;if,-jHMivTii na j<Miiy cTpany, na hchoa atHjia noTKonaTH 
kqjukq je BOfpetao; a aico je jaica ajUm Hero nrro 
hchoa iKH^ia AOMeTaTH sex&e, ko^hko je 

■-'no. 

Sao duo je noMenyTO, 3eM.La Koja ne ao&h H3- 
mc1)\ w;n.ia I'mUhI a<*» J6 nrro Tpoiiiinija ; a ,\& 6jl 6RA& 
11 ihtm 60AH HC(,uinia. Tpfua je, ftKO je iiKaKO MorytiHO, 
JI.iMrlliaTM C KOMHOCTOll. ,l,a nil CC n:;Mrljy JKH.ia MOMa 

sena iiito on.],*- mi.'tii, aotfpo jfl Aa ce H3>ie^y h>hx 

jfiemm kekbo ofao apbo b obhm pasBOAe ran-ie Ha 

j'tMiiy 11 na .ipwy CTpany, na :;;itiim uriiyii.aBaTii 3CM./BOM 

iiiyii.i,iiii»\ soje ce THM€ 11 pa ii«-. Ka,i, ce 3KH^e noiqmjy 

m 11 OB8 HIT" 60M nar;i.:ii. Tpi'nn 03r0 iiaiicni 

ciuj gropeJIOl !)\H|»fT;i 11 ja.My nciiyiiiiTii 3eMAOM. Ak<> 

• "ii i!. in .;iimh. 11 ;a.i 11 itiirn : a aKO 

;;LlHI',;UI,t' je Hp<'i;o IloTpeollO. Y 



301 



BOUKE H BOUE 



tom c/iyqajy Ha CBaKH kj6hh MeTap 3eM^e Tpe6a yrpo- 
niHTH 1 xeKTO-onrap (100 JiHTapa) Bo^e. 

BokKe, wje Ae- 
6ao HMa y nperaHKy 
10 h BHine caHTfl- 
MeTapa, Mory ce Haj- 
6om OApataTH y yc- 
npaBHOM nojioatajy 
noMOhy TpH stHne 
(ci. 165). /l,a ceoBe 
acHn,e yTBp/j,e, Tpe6a 
y ^ajLHHH ^.ed.ia 3a 
2 — 4 m., npeiaa Be- 
•IH^HHH BoliKe, no- 
6hth y koco Tpn Koua 
y no/ije^HaKOM y^a- 

AGH>y (d. 166) H.1H 

3a KpajeBe obhx jkh- 
ii;a yBeaaTH no je- 
^aH noBetiH KaMeH h 
yKonaTH y 3eM&y. 
O^BBJafteM h yBH- 
jaB6M cTere A (c,i. 
165) Ha acnnaMa, 
Moate ce boho no- 
^ecHTH /j,a ctojh ca- 
cbhm ycnpaBHO. fi,e- 
6ao Ha ohom MecTy, 
r^e ce a&Hne yTBp- 
^yjy (B), Ba^a huj- 
npe o6^ioaiHTH ca&MOM, siaxoBHHOM ht^. ? na 3ami Mef- 
HyTH HCKpojeHO napie no^e^e Koate h Ten 0H/j,a atHije 

yTBpAHTH. 




mL 






Ca. 165. A CTera Ha atnuaua; B HCKpo- 

jeHO nap^e Koaie, ncno/i Koje je cia.\ia, 

MaxoBHHa ht4 m Aa ce BokKa xni^aua He 

6k noBpe/iH.ia. 



IIPECA'EnBAtfeE BOTxAKA 



31 



0pe3HBaite KpyHe OBannx BotaKa noa:e ce npeAy- 
36th n npe capita n nocie ca^e^a. Ta^a Tpe(5a yiuo- 
hhth CBe cyBHmHe rpaHe, a ocTa^ie CKpaTHTH caMO to- 
aiko , ko.ibko je noTpe^HO 4a ce Aotfaje npaBH^aH 
o&uk. Kao npaBH.10 y OBaKoj npn.iHHH Moate BaatHTH, 
4a oa npn.iHKe k^tw jeo npyue eajta yKJiomiTU, a 
04 Toza perm Re na& 6utu uoTpe6no. Ilpn 
tom Ba&a otfpaTHTH Hapo^iMTy naat&y, A a ce Be yKJia- 
H.ajy M.ia^e rpaHe, Kao nrro ce to o6h*iho qHHH, jep 
ie rpafle Ha npo-iehe npBe noTepajy h Ha Taj Ha^HH 
3HaTHO o.iaKniaBajy npHMaite BokKe; MefyyTHM, kua ce 
y Kpynn 3aApaie caMO CTape 
rpane, OBe 36or ciatffljer Kpy- 
se&a eoKOBa u3iiel?y CTape Kope 
ii c.iennx (aABCHTHBHHx) nyno- 
.i.ai;a Tepajy MHoro Aonnnje, Te 
• senoyBAaHije n npniiaae 
BotKe. IIoBeLe paHe Tpetfa npe- 
in BoLapcKHM bockom, a& 
6u ce cnpemio cymeae Apse- 
iiaanx ftOAOBa. 

Miioni Bepyjy 4a je BedHKe BoiiKe 6oj>e caAHTH 
i,a ce 3eM.i,a He yoaita ca acH-ia) nero 
: a.111 HCKycTBa, 40 kojhx ce aoboo 
I'.if a^ BoLKe, Koje cy noca^eHe c <5y- 
11 ji iiooie neie roAxke no canity ne Tepajy 
Ijytiui. sa^ ce ca^e c to Ami atiMaMa, 
into ee sanaxa bcL Apyre haul Tpele 

ii pafyijy DO B6AH. 36M&a, KOJa C€ .:a,i,|i;i;ar.;i 

} MJM i,.'ii,a c (jycenoM, otfnwio je tux 

&6 yTf)"iiiciin opraHCKB cacrojioi, 

39 SEA6 TaKO :;i;ana ., MpTi'.a .:rM.T>a". 

ajj Nj.iiMajy xpaHy joaiho ohhm 




Ca. 166. OACTojafte KoieBa, 
3a Koje ce npHBe3yjy asnije. 



312 BOUKE H BOUE 



atHAaMa, Koje cy y o6HMy 6yceHa e Koje Aonnpy 40 
6ojbv 3eMjLe ; &ae e OHe cy *iecTO Henc-AecHe, jep Mory 
6hth noBpe^eHe eae npeKn y Tpy^eite, aKO ce npn- 
jlheom ca$eH,a He 6e yKjiOHHAH npoMp3.iH a^obh, nnp. 
c Tora mTO je Mpa3 3axBaTH0 weav noAy6oKO y 6yceH. 
YcieA OBora cy HOBe M.ie npnMopaHe 4a HOTpedHy 
xpaHy Tpaate h Ao6aB£>ajy H3 3eM^e Koja je y 6yceHy; 
a nomTO OBe, Kao hito je HaBeAeHO, HeMa aoboaho, He- 
noBO^HHJe je e pa3BHJan>e hobhx M./ia e HeMa hx y 
tom 6pojy. THMe ce y hcto BpeMe h o6jamH>aBa, 3aniTO 
ce BOHKe cat^eHe c 6yceHOM .lonraje pa3BHJajy oa Botana 
Koja ce ca^e Ha HOMeHyTH Ha^HH. 

H 3a ca^en>e obex BokaKa HajyAecHHJe je 406a 
jeceH h 3HMa. BoiiKe, Koje HeMajy Aoc/ra e Ao6pnx atHM, 
HHcy noAecHe 3a OBaKO cal>eibe. 




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XIV 
H E r A B Ti A K A 



1 . Hera oicopo noca^eHHx Bokaica, $,a 6e BoJiKe 

3 .ipiiBe n naiipe^ne, h #a 6 a TaKO nrro 6ojlq ko- 

iiiijt' ,v»bo.lho ^a ce odpara najKH>a cano ca- 

. Bet na.Lii H ^a ce bito (So&e Heryjy a saoaitajy 

. mTO hx Mose OMecTH y pa3BHjaK>y. Epn tom 

.ia ce cranio obex npaBH.ia: 

a) Ai;o npii.iiiKOM capita Hnje ynoTpeCkeHO l)y- 

tipeae, Tpetia jane nospiTH cmmom, inyiuiteir eau Ma- 

XOBlHOMj ,i,a ce thmc cnpemi HcyniHBaifce aeM^e. IIo- 

KjuiBiiiLe jam HiiBeAeHHM MaTepHJana He Tpe6a HHKaKO 

nponyenn sa .iai;im a ii.ihtkiim seai.LaMa. Ako je npn- 

: c;il,<'n,a ynorpetfAeHO h IjytfpeTa, on#a Hnje no- 

rpefao iiaiif.uMiu nospHBafte Java, jep ^y<$pe ne a& #i 

iicymii. 

BoLxe Koje C] opeca^6H6 AOEHe y npo- 

RKO je ntaKO KOrjfcHO, iiit<» oii.i.i! .;;uiiTii 

CBasix 14 Alma, ia 6b ce caqyBa^e <u jasix cynia. 

yihn|ii'niriii M GBa&J BOiKj n.ij.Mnii.i' 

80 .lirni! . ll;ijii»'iiiTu in- rpetfa npoiiyrnrni :5a- 



314 



BCRKE H BOM 



,iHBaH>e Ha 36M.i>aMa a&rrm, hjihtkhm h nybyHKOBHTHM. 
3a^HBaite y MaE>oj Mepi h qemiie, sao ihto ce to o6h*iho 
mRE, HHje he o# KaEBe Bpe^HOCTH, jep ce Ha Taj Ha^iHH 
HaB^iaataBa caMO noBpnraHa, a He h 3eiM>a y kojoj cy 




Gi. 167. IIoKa3yje H3i\aeA 
Bokite, Koja je Ha roAHHy 
AaHa paHHJe noca^eHa h 
ope3aHa. Hpeito Aeia. no- 
pacT joj je 6ho Bpao He- 
3HaTaH, jep cy caMo Ha rpa- 
naiia a n b H3pacan .aeTG- 
pacTH c h d 3a 10 — 15 cm. 
IIpoAyaceae obhx rpaHa, 
jeTopacTe, Tpe6a ope3aTH 
na HaJHHffie oko, y c h d. 
Ha OBaj Ha^HH rpaHe a h b 
pa3BHte ce cnaatHHJe, h no- 
cTHkH tie ce paBHOTeaKa 
H3Me^y nojeAHHHx AeaoBa 
KpyHe. Ocxa-ie rpaHe He 
Tpe6a ope3HBaTH. 




d. 168. rpaHa a Tpe6a asl ce yKocii, 
Aa 3ay3Me npaBan, b; jep aKO 6h ce 
3aApsa^a y npaBny y KOMe je, OHAa 
6b. ce KacHHje yKpniTaAa c rpaHOM 
y npoAya^eay Ae6.aa. 3aTOJe Tpeoa 
pacnoHOM yAa^HTH oa Ae6.aa. OcTa.ie 
rpaHe Tpe6a cBe ope3aTH ao n,pTa. 



iKH^e. y no^eTKy Moate ce 3a^HBaTH Maae a ^emiie, 
a A0B[HHJe Tpe6a /i,o6po 3a^HBaTn. 

b) Cymeae BokaKa h anxoBe Kope (y eom cay- 
qajy nocTaje ona^ia, a Aonnnje P^k h cmo^otok) Moate 
ce cnpe^iHTH, a THiie o^iaKinaTH npHMaite h o^p^aTH 



HErA BOTiAKA 



315 



34.paB.Le. aKO ce aq6ao (oa 3eio>e &Q KpyHe) o^Max no 
ca^eay Kpe^mnM M.ieKOM npeMaate. 3a OBaj pa^, kojh 
je oa To.inKe Kopncrn, He Tpetfa 6or 3Ha okbhx ffip- 
TaBa, jep ce casio 3a h6kojihko napa Moate #o()hth to- 
.ihko spew, fta ra HMa ^obo^bho 3a CBe BoliKe. Ocen 
Tora n pa^ ce h3boah Bp.io 6p30, Te 3aT0 He Mose 

OHTH Y3pOKa, KOJHM 

6u ce Mor.io npaB- 
Aam HeH3BpmeH>e o- 
Bor noaia. 

ri J,a BotKe 
lie on mTeTn.in 3e^e- 

BH, OBHe, K03e HT/I,., 

Aotfpo je ^a ce oa- 
\iax no ca^eay hito 
oo.ie 3aipHe ? a Ha- 
po*nrro aKO cy nope^, 
nyTeBa n Ha cioGoa- 

HHil MeCTIIMU. 

l.a (fa ce 
crapaje B<>liKe n Ta- 
oe Koje cy Ha H3- 

' 'HIlj(MI|HIMlI.ie 

1 

iim .! Sjioxhth naxoBHHOM n 0By c BpeireHa 11a 

■iniTi! uoAOM. Koa n'a[nijnx Boiiasa OBaj pa# 

in ope iK'io nacryne kohi^hbh h cyBH 

fH.p.n, ;i i:o,i ocTa.lllX BO&asa T6S y Majj, 

nomTO ce I'.n.ui ,i,a BotiKe He repajy. 

\ } ) lio.i, join crapHJHx Bobasa, oiihx, qnje a,q6ao 
HHKJ 10 ii I'.iiiiic caiiTHMcTapa, rpe6a m6aq 




Ga. 169. H3r.ieA Kpyne Kao Ha ci. 168 

no ope3HBaH.y h yMemTafty pacnoHa 6, 

nojiiM ce yAJLtyje rpaaa a. 



316 



BOUKE H BOM 



it CTy6oBe rpaHa npeMa3aTH MyjteM 0,4 CMOHHije, Bo^e 
m roBe^e 6a.iere, na 3aTHM oMOTaTH orbim KpnaMa h 
•OBe cnipa^iHO yBe3ara. MecTO My&a Mome ce ynoTpe- 
6hth h MaxoBHHa. J 06a cay^aja Tpe6a KpyHy n. j\q6ao 
OBaKHX BokaKa ieto qemke B./iaMTH, jep je ™ie y to- 




Ga. 170. TpaHe a, b h c 3ay3HMajy CKopo BOAopaBaH 
npaBan;, Te hx 3aTO Tpe6a HemTo ycnpaBHTH, h to 
rpaHy aye, rpaHy b v d r rpaHy c y f. To ce no- 
CTHjKe npHBeaHBaaeM, oohiho bp6obhm npyLeM ; a Ha 
ciy^aj, Aa 6h npHBesHBaite 6eao He3roAHo, Ba^a yxBp- 
Ahth mTanoBe h 3a OBe rpaHe npnBe3aTH. OcTaae rpaHe 
CKpaTHTH ao n,pTa, a npoAy^eae ope3aTH KpaTKO, jep 
cy jom cia6or pacTa rpaiie Apyre cepnje. 



./ihko noy3/i,aHHje npraaifce h ^a^e Hanpe^oBaiLe tax 
BotaKa. 

e) CBaEa BotiKa Tpe6a 4a je nrro 6o&e npnBe3aHa 
3a npHTKy ; a aKo ce AOijHflje npsMeTH 4a je Koja Be3a 
nonycTKia oh esju&ab,, Ba^a je ieto npe o6hobhth. 



HErA BOHAKA 



317 



;k) npuHSOM capita mije 3eM.fta fyytfpn.ia 

KOMnon<»i ii.in erajesKH IjytfpeTOM, Tpe6a Bote ^ydpnm 
y najy n jyHy Temm.u fyyopeTOM OHaKo, Kano je o TOMe 

ivio koa hyope&a BoLaKa. Obo je ^ydpe Hapo^HTO 

o 3a Ti)emH>e, in.mBe, 6pecKBe, Kajcnje n opax, a 
H>DMe tyrtfpene OBe n ocTa^e BokKe pa3BHJajy ce cnaamo 
n .lniuhe hm je npnueTHO 3e.ieHEJe. 

2. HaKHaAHO AOTepHBaae KpyHe bhcokhx bo- 
kaica. IIpn.iuKOM cafye&a BoLaKa h^b 0A»iax no canity 
Ba.La, sao mioje noue- 
hvto, npeAy36TH npBO 
ope3HBaH>e KpyHe, Koje 
B&ta H3BecTn npeMa 

na.Ma nojeAHHHX 
BoLaKa, a noc.ie Tora 
Tpe6a KpyHe tdx boLiicr 
ope3aTii join ABa nyr, 
tj. npeAyaeTH ,ipyzo n 

, \pyzo 

je BotKa no- 

cjie npBor ope3nBan»;t 

•jii.ia eaatfor pacra, Ba- 

.taoBOApyroo})f':;iip.«iif,e 

DBpnura y duo naaoj 

b BKoje senpi- 

leraor nopaera, se rpeda ra mi npeAysiLMain. Koa oBor 

KBa&a b;i.!.;i yj;.ioHi!Tii GBe eyBinnHe A^OBe, a no- 

rpane esparara ko^hko je noTpetfno, a& ce thmo 

fMepi nopacr DojeAnm rpaHa b ,i,a ce y iioboahhm 

npuusaia roasoBe npoHSBo^e&e rpaHa hobc cepije. IIo- 

npuunte oi ■ ce ppaHe npBe eepiqe pas- 

.i.iiu ii iro.iiiKu t|m'u;i, , po, BKO mijV 




Ca. 171. U3MeA Kpyne nao naci. 170 
no ope3HBaH>y h pa3iieinTaH>y rpaHa. 
rpaHa a apsBeaaHa je aamTan, rpaHa 
a BpOoBHH upyTOM e, rpaHa d ca &Ba 
■p6ota npyTa f h g h pacuoHOM h. 



:U8 



BCRKE H BOTVE 



OBaj ciynaj, h He npncTyna npon3Bol>eH>y rpaHa Apyre 
cepiye, 40K ce rpaHe npBe cepnje He Ao6njy no ate^n; 
jep 6h y npoTHBHOM c^iy^ajy npoAyateae 6kao y OAHOcy 
npena rpaHaMa h KpyHH ciatfor pacTa, Te 6n ce paAH 
H>eroBa ojanaBaita Mopa^e Kpane ope3HBaTH rpaHe npBe 
cepnje. IIo TOMe, 3aAaka je OBor Apyror ope3HBaH»a Aa 




C.i. 172. y oboj KpyHH HeMa npoAy- 
aieaa, na ra Ba^.a npoH3BeCTH oa rpa- 
He a, Kojy c Tora ea^ta upHBe3aTH Ha 
2 — 3 MecTa 3a niTan, koj'h ce npeT- 
X04HO yTBpAH. Ako ce to He ypa^n, 
Tpe6a oBaKy KpyHy raJHTH y ooAHKy 
lame. OcTa-ie rpaHe ope3aTH 40 npTa. 



d. 173. IfarAeA KpyHe Kao 
Ha ci. 172 no ope3HBaH>y 
n noniTO je npnBe3aHa rpa- 
Ha c 3a mTaH a, 4a ce oa 
H.e Ao6nje npoAy^eae. 



ce npoH3BeAe Apyra cepnja rpaHa, j\& ce cbh a^obh y 
KpyHH pa3BHJy npeaia CBOMe HH.fcy h Aa rpaHe h awo- 
pacra 3ay3iiy npaBan,, kojh OAroBapa oCknKy. CyBHHie 
ycnpaBHe rpaHe Mopajy ce paAH Tora pacnoHHMa aobccth 
y cboj no-iostaj (ci. 168 h 169), h o6parao, aKO ce 
Koce rpaHe Mopajy ycnpaBHTH, Tpe6a hx npHBe3HBaaeM 



HEI'A BOTxAKA 



319 



AOBecTH y ffi&teHH npaBau, (ci. 170 h 171). A Ha 
I'.iyuaj, A^ ce Koja y Tassx rpaHa irqae cacBHM ycnpa- 
bhth, ah ce H>oiie (5yAn H3 kojhx y3poKa 3a-MeHH npo- 
Ayxa&e, Tpe6a y ochobh H3a6paHe rpaHe ytbpahth nrran 
it npHBe3aiii rpaHy, Te je Tano npnuopaTH ^a 
npaBO paae (c.i. 172 n 173). 




C.i. 174. IIoKa3yje KpyHy Ha kojoj HeMa npoAy- 
BeiM h Koja ce paan Tora rajn y o6.iHtey iame. 
UcupeKiuaii.t Kpy-KHu .iiihii j;t noKa3yje MecTo 
rae 6h ce «orao yTHp.umi oopyq paan 6ojbev 
pacnope^flBaaa rpaHa, aso 6b ce to molio 
hocth£h; m;i ,\a. ce y ciyiajy, iaA ce y Be- 
irao paAH, tuko dito He nose npenopyiHTH. 
I <>pe3aTH 40 npTe, sa ::;itiim npe- 
ii c Aa^HM opeanuafteM. 



Orpamw sa rpauxa y Rpyra He Tpeda yoaitaTH, 
jep OHe & i noja?aBa&6 amobb iia soie cy, Bet 

f»;iTiiiii, b ro y to-ihko Biiiiie, y ko- 
bj CHaxHHJH, tj. c.iaunjc opesara iia 3 — 4 OKa, 
16 fia 2. AJSO 66 I oijiamin rpaiiajv. nc i jm'- 

ifMJ.i'iauaii,.'. Bet yi;.ioniiTii, a can; rpaHy, 



320 



BCRKE H BOUE 



Ha Kojoj cy TaKBH orpaHHH, Baj&a CKpaTHTH Ha 2 — 4 
0Ka. H oB^e, Kao h ko^ hhckhx BOhaKa, cnaatHnje ce 
pa3BHjajy orpaHHH 6Amy kphbhx Mecia Ha rpaHaMa h 
y 6^h3hhh npeKpaheHHX rpaHa 04 ocTaAHx rpaHa, xe 
3aT0 h CBe TaKBa rpaHe Tpe6a Epane ope3HBaTH. 




Gi. 175. OB^e je npoAy^eite caaoo h 
AOCTa KpaTKO. ^a ce noja^a, He Tpe- 
6a ra opesnBaTH ; a Aa ce upeKO .ieTa 
He hckphbh, ycnpaBHTH ra y3 yTBp- 
^eHH niTan. J[ob>rx neT rpana, CHaaj- 
HHJe oa npo4y^eH>a h rpana Apyre 
cepnje, Tpefia ope3aTH Kpate ho o- 
6h*iho, tj. 6.ume MecTa rAe je Botna 
ope3aHa iipomae roAHHe. Iljrre noita- 
3yjy, Kojy rpaHy Tpe6a ope3*TH. 



C.i. 176. KpyHa ca ABe ce- 
pnje rpaHa Koje cy hcao- 
uo.liio pa3BHJene, Te ce mo- 
pajy nojanaTH, paAH Hera 
Ba^a mTo spate ope3HBaTH 
h npoAy^eae h rpaHe. II,p- 
Te noKa3yjy Aoiue Tpeoa 

ODe3HBaTH. 



H3 cviHKa 167 ,40 178, bh^h ce, KaKO Tpe6a hh- 
BpniHTH Apyro ope3HBaH.e y noje^HHHM c.iyqajeBHMa, na 
3a r ro Ha h>hx h ynyhyjeaio HHTaone. 



HErA BOKAKA 



321 



I)ii.io m te ce noje^HHe rpaHe ycnpaB^aTH hah 
pasBOAHTi Ba.ba na3n*rn ^a OBe HHKaA He (Sy^y cacBHM 
ycnpaBHe (fl3Y3eBmn npo^yaieifca) hh cacBHM Koce ; jep 
KKO cy gmbd ycnpaBHe, ohah ce AOHHnje iiory yKp- 
mTaTii c rpaiiaMa Koje HOTepajy H3 npoAyaieH>a, a aKO 
cy cacBn Koce, OHAa 
<>qeH>aBajy, na 
r \a 61 ce obo cnpe^HJio, 
noTpenun iix je AOAHHJe 
: i ii pain. Hajtfo.te 
je, KaA ce rpaiiana 
Aaje KOdHS IK>A JTAOM 

Tpefe npr.uiea- 

ha je ii OBor, 

Kao ii Apyror ope3n- 

Baii,a. ,ia C€ 13 i:j>yne 

iie CBe cyBiiiinn* 
rpaHe, &a cmmm rpaiia 

Me cboj upauau, 

• mii ce no/geAHaso 

;ija.ie, a eel Tora 
ii in 66 Ha uecTwa r.v 

H Ull.lo rpaiia 0B6 
1 Hapn'iino npoia 

BoLse pa- 
bito Tj»<"' 

(BO II APJTO '»f)C;;iii:;in,(! E8Bpffl6H0 Ta'lllo. llMal.O 

Kf)\n; . L78. Hpxe no- 

ope3aTa nojeAHHe aeTopacre. Aicoje 

KOJJ rp.'Hiy iioja'i.rni n.in or.iaoirni. Tpe 
Taj d :|»mirni. CflaSHfl ii .i,\ ra>n;n fleAOBB RpyHe 

pale opi I'a.mx 

BOHKK il 




7. Ii'pyna, y Koje cy rpaHe uo& m 
jeAHaxo pasBHJene, re nx Baio n <>m;i- 
H.e opesaTH. RpoAyze&e, sojeje Be- 

AHEO OKO ( >" CM. :ai:imi Kao 

iiiTo je, i rpaHe Tpete cepnje npo- 

B3B6CTH Ha npxy opOAyseBa. 



322 



BOUKE H BOUE 



AeAOBa, h o6paTHO ? aiory ce nojaqaTH, aKO ce hhoko 
He ope3yjy. 

Top&e frQAom y KpyHH, oo nrro ce bhah h3 canite 
178,7;rpe6a KpaLe ope3oaTH oa aoh>hx, a& 6k ce Ha 

Taj Ha^HH noja- 

V&AK AOH.H &QAO- 

bh. KaA ce npo- 
H3BeAe Tpeka ce- 
pnja rpaHa h (me 
noAecHO pacnope- 
A6, OHAa KpyHy 

HHJe HOTpe6HO h 

Aa^e ope3HBaTi, 
n CBe mTo ce HMa 
paAHTH, to je Aa 
ce noaie CBane 
2 — 3 roAHHe y- 
K^an,ajy H3 Kpy- 
He rpaHe Koje 6k 
ce yKpnrra.ie h ko- 
JHMa ce 3aoaH,a 
KpyHa oa CBeMO- 
cth h Ba3Ayxa. 
OrpaHKeHeTpe6a 
opesHBara caMO 
TaAa, aKO ce h>h- 
Ma HMa nonyHH- 
TH KaKBO npa3HO 
(HapeAHqaBo) Me- 
cto, a k&a AOH>e 
rpaHe AOcrarHy aj^kkj 3a 80 cm., Tpe6a nycTHTH h 
pa3BHJaae orpaHaKa. PaHHje obo He Tpe6a yqnHHTH 
c Tora, ihto 6k KpyHa, KaA ce orpamp He 6k ope3HBa^iH, 




Ca. 178. IIoKa3yje cacBHM Ao6po pa3BnjeHy 
K Py H y» K °j°j je ^eTHpn ro^HHe. 



HEfA BOHAKA 323 



ou.ia cyBnme rycra, na On ce Aon,HHJe rpane iie^y cooom 
nop&ie YKpiuxaTn. 

Kaj, je BoLKa c.iauor pacra, qecro ce npenopy- 

ia ce Boko He ope3yje cBaKe, BeL cBaKe #pyre 

ru.ume ; xmie ce nojeAmra Ae^OBH 3HaTH0 noja^aBajy h 

(Jo.ie pacTV, Hero Ka^ 6a. ce TaKBa BoLna ope3HBa.ia 

CBaue rcunHe. Kaj, ce OBaj Ha^HH ate.iH ynoTpeoHTH, 




Ga. 179. IIoKa3yje rpaHy Ko-ja upomde ro/ume rnije 

Taay rpaHy Tpe6a opeaaTH y a, a orpaHKe 

C ii d ao h>hxob;i uyuo^LKa y ochobh ; orpaHKe 

I f na 4Ba nynoAKa. KpyTe pu.uie rpaHe g u 

h ne Tpe6a AnpaTH, tj. yBeK hx Ba^a ^yBaTH. 

B y T;ii:<>j npiuimn ope3oaTH op, npn.uiKe 
&9K0 aao h otaHO, a orpaHKe, &a ce 
na imiia lie oh pa:jBH.ia Miiora oirua, Tpe(5a ope3HBaTH 
vsHHy 04 10 — 20 cm. (m. 179). Ka^ ce orpanun 
He 6m TaKO opesinaai, muiah fm npoAyatofta icpHBHHe 
('.1. 180) h 6H./ia <5h GAatfa, jep (Sh ce orpanun pa3- 
BH.ja.il! sa »>HX0By nneTy. 

21* 



324 BOUKE H BORE 



Kao iiito je noMeHyTo, y HaJBHme npn.iHKa date 
AOBo&ho, 4a ce KpyHa bhcokhx Bonao opeate Tpu uyra, 
na 4a ce nocTHrHe ate^eHH o6j1hk. Ajih aKO ce TaoB 
o6jihk npn CBeM tom He 6n Morao ao^bth, Tpe6a KpyHy 
ope3HBaTH 40Me, #ok o6.ihk He 6y^e Kao bito Tpe6a. 




Ci. 180. IIpeACTaB^ba rpaHy koa kojg orpaHUH (uoSo^ho 
rpaHe) Hncy ope3aHe ao nyno./EKa y ochobh. TpaHa a hc 
caMo ah je 36or KpHBirae HeyoeAna, Beh ce h .iaKO aomh, 
h to y toahko BHme, y ko.ihko ,je Beta KpiiBima. U,pTe 
koa &, c, d, e, f, g, h 11 i no-Kasyjy MeCTa, r^e OBe rpaHe 
Tpe6a ope3aTH. OBa h npexoAHa causa CTaB^ene cy oBAe. 
Aa ce bito jacHHJe bhah, Kano Tpe6a nocTyuaTii ca orpaH- 
mraa y Kpynn boKkhhoj. 

Una Bonapa kojh Ha.ia3e, ^a cy npn ^oiepHBasy 
KpyHe bhcokhx BokaKa ns.iHHiHe 11 saMerae pa^se : npn- 
Be3HBaH>e, npaB^beae 3aceKa h napase, Koje ce pa^fte 
npe^ysHMajy koa hhckhx BokaKa. Ajih Ka# je pe^ 6o.i>eM 
Hanpe^OBaay BonaKa h Ka^ ce 3aTO HMa ^obo^ho Bpe- 
MeHa, 3amTO ^,a ce He kophcthmo cpe^CTBHMa, 3aniT0 ^a 
HMaMo .lOHiy BoiiKy, Ka.,2, OHa Moate 6hth 6am Kao hito 



HEfA BOUAKA 3*25 



rpetia? Ka/i, ce anp. npHBeaHBaaeM KaKBe rpane noate 
• 'AiiTn KopucT. 3aniTO Ati je ne npiiBejKeMO? luu je 
Kpynn noTpeGmi HeKa rpaHa sa ^ooiiBaae npaBniHor 
on.niKa. n.in axoje Koja rpaHa r.iaoa ;;a oBaj \\ujb, 3aniT0 
Be 6hcmo usatfp&iB n npHB63aiB 3ro r i,Hy rpany sa obj 
ooTpetiy ii BOMe noiipamLiii oCuuk KpyHe? Ka^ ce Kpyua 
bhcokbx BohaKa Tpn nyra opose, n aso joj ce aaTO Bpene 
noicaxe, &a ce jiito 6ojbe pasBHJa, untie n oauiK KpyHe 
Beli nocie Tpn ro^ime noTnyii ; a ako ce nanpoTiin camo 
ope3yje, a Apyra iiomoh ho yxasyje, Mopa ce Kpyna #o- 
mci'T ii Bnine ro^mta. 11a 3ap ce npertia 
:[aHO r T,('Ha c]K\],cTi:a CMe ]>etiii, ,T,a cy Ofl, Male 
BpeAHOCTH? ^JaTO cBe iiito ii,T,e y npn.ior ,a,0TepHBaH>y 
KpyHe rpetia yiioTpcnimi. BpTByjy&B 3a OBaj nnibHBpeMe 
ii Tpy r v 

HocTynaae c loa^HM BokKaMa npeKo .aeTa. 

Ko i M.ia/uix Boliaii'a Tpeua y 0B0 ,1,06a aoboahth rpaHe 

y hmixob no.iu;i;;ij. dmo paeiioiiinia, uiTanoBHiia eae 

DpHB68HBaft6M, II na Taj Ha^HH yTHUaTH Ha npaBILlHO 

;{,e mxobo. Ako ce obo pa^n npeno JieTa, OH^a 

e ii|i<».K'lia, nose ce petn, jisjihiiiho ; a y to 406a 

'.! ce 11 c 5oahm ycnexoM, Hero 11a npo^eiie, c Tora 

paBe y ,\<>ni\ iBHxoBa pacta Mory jmoro aai-iiie 

eaBHJan h aoboahtjh y se^eHH iipaBan., nero avl y 

mpoBafta Bobasa. Ako nnp. ne noTepa nynOwtaK, 

h rpetfa m 66 pasBiye iipoAyatcae, zar aKo je 

M.ia.i.aji. sojfl 66 AO(fao ii3 TaKor nyno&sa, nenoAecaH 

a npc obo 406a MOX6 naj.iai;iue 3a- 

■6HHT1 Hajnu.i.iiM 06AEX&EM M.]a,l,;ipoM, TJ. Tpedn ra 

npiB68HBaftei apmiopaTB &a npaBO pacre. y obo aotfa 

(fan 01111 ,i,i'.ii»p,ii KOJfl <•*' riia;i;iuijV pa8- 

ui .-.pvnix f i,.'.Mi;;i. aKO \\\\ 66 6Kp&8 (.;;uo.Me) 

;il : a ftKO D0T6pa BHffle M.ia^apa nero IIITO je no- 

•111a J6 OBO Bp6M6 BpJIO ::n»,i,ii«», .la 66 H <\Y- 

Binmi M.uuapn yiMoiic 11 TUMc nomoMorHy j aopacty 



326 



BOUKE H BOTvE 



3a^p5KaHH M^a^apH. OTyAa TBptjeay HeKix Bokapa, a& 
v j koa BoiiaKa, Koje ce npoH3BOAe y 06- 
.iHKy bhcokhx BonaKa, He Tpe6a npeKO 
.aeTa HHniTa paAHTH, Heina MecTa. jep 
obo cy paA&e, EOJHMa ce He casio hot- 
noMajfie npaBHjiHHJH 06 auk, Bet ce H>HMa 
0-iaKinaBajy h oho pa/^ae, Koje ce npe- 
Ay3HMajy y 406a MnpoBaaa BoLaKa. 

3aTO y Ao6a 04 jyHa j\o aBrycTa 
Tpe6a BotKe npeivieAaTn oa npnAHKe 
ABa nyTa, h Ha H»HMa H3BpmHTH CBe 
pa^ae Koje ce HOKa3yjy 00 3roAHe h 
Bp^o noTpe^He. BpeMe, Koje ce atpTByje 
TaKHM paAH>ana, HaAOKHa^aBa ce y Ao6a 
3HMCKor ope3HBan,a ? jep ce Ta^a (raaj 
paA Bpiiin MHoro dpate. 

IIpMHKOM 3a^iaMaH,a nojeAHHHX Ae- 
^OBa He Mopa ce na3HTH, rokaq lie ce 
TaqHO npeKpaTHTH kojh M^a^ap, jep ce 
to Ka3yje cano no ce6n, a casta paAH>a 
Moate ce H3BpniHTH h HomnaMa iiao 

d. 181. Hoaime aa na CI. 181 H 183. 

TlTcfjvlJc^e^d 4. Hpope^HBaae Kpy H e bhcokhx bo- 
Ko^oTyp Kpo3 kojh kaica, Ako je KpyHa BOhKe npoH3BeAeHa 

BHJyra (*e A ep), f Ka0 mT0 T P e(ia > Hn P' Kao Ha CjL 1/8 > 
otbop 3a yBe3HBa- 0H Aa CG, KaO IHTO je HaBeAeHO, MOJKe 

?HJa*ce T JyftM™- HyCTHTH #1 paCTe HO BOJbH, ftAH je 

3HMa hobhchhhbo- nnaK 3a 6o^e pa3BHjaae h 3a 6o&y poA- 
Koj^ip^aTApyrH hoct BokaKa MHoro 6o^e, aKO ce iwa^e 
Kpaj yffieTa sa kojh BoiiKe CBaKe 2 — 3 roAHHe , a ciapnje 

ce By^e. CBaKe g — g rOAHHe B3T0 naffi^HBHJe 

pasMe^ajy, h tom npHJiHEeM c hhx yooHH CBe hito je 
h3^hhiho, CBe fflTO cMeTa npaBBMHOM pa3BHjaE>y KpyHe 



HEfA BOKAKA 



327 



h CBe ihto KBapn npaBoaH 06 auk KpyHe. Pa^H Tora 
Tpe6a VK.10HHTD : CBe Bp.10 qecie rpaHe, KOJHiia ce cnpe- 




Ca. 182. I Joanne ISO B8 

c-i. 181, kha ce una p&AH, 

xe 3a 

1) apaj. Ta- 

■ ana shah b Aeo k. 



d. 18o. TonieoBe eoasni;e. B myii- 

AHHa y Kojy 3a^ia3H MOTsa C; D ko- 

AyT apoa Kojn npoaasB Kpaj yseTa 

B, *a aojH ce oyne. 



qaBa pa8BigaH>€ aorpe^Hix rpaea y kpjhh Bobass; me 
|€ ,vu,npyjy Kpyiiy oCjiihkh.hx Bofcasa ujih npo- 



328 BOTUCE H BOUE 



Miqy h y caMy EpyHy ; cBe cyBe A^OBe na .aeTopacTHMa 
h rpaHaMa ; CBe rpaHe Koje ce Met^y co6om Tapy h yKp- 
nrrajy, a& ce Tpe&eM He 6e H3a3Ba,ie H3BecHe 6(MecTH 
h A a ce yKpniTaiteM rpaHa He oniTeTe poAHe rpaHe ; 
CBe rpaHe Koje cy Mefyy co6om napa^e^iHe (paBHOOA- 
CTOJHe), a npn tom hm je pacrojaiLe Maae oa 70 cm. 
(y OBaKOM cayqajy Tpe6a yiwiOHHTH Jionrajy rpaHy, ejw 
je npuMopara Aa pacTe y ApyroM npaBijy) ; CBe rpaHe 
Koje ce noBHjajy h KojHMa ce cnpeiaBa npo.ia3 ncnoA 
BotaEa, Hnp. koa BoLaKa nopeA nyTeBa; CBe 6o.iem- 
.LHBe Ae.fl.OBe, Koje HHje Moryke H3JieqHTH ; h CBe HSA&HKe 
H3 A^&ia h atn^ia. 

PaA OBaj Hajtfo&e je h3bpihhth y jeceH h to noc/ie 
depfie, aok je jom JininKe na BotiKajia, jep ce ia.ua Mory 
HajjiaKnie yoqnTH CBe cyBe h He3roAHe rpane : a koa 
BoLaKa, Koje nncy poaiLie, OBaj paA Moate ce npeay- 
3eTH h paHHJe. H3AaHKe H3 Aefoa n M./ia Ba.Ba yoa- 
H,aTH y CBaKO Ao6a, qnM ce npHMexe. 

PaHe, Koje y npe^HHRy He H3Hoce BHine oa 4 cm., unje 
HOipedHO hh^hm npeMa3HBaTH, Bet hx caMO Ba,La OHITpHM 
HoateM mTO 6ojie 3aiviaAHTH, a HanpoTHB BeKe paHe rpetfa 
nopeA Tora npeMa3aTH h BoLapcKEM bockom, hah, aKO 
cy Bp^io Be^iHKe, KaTpaHOM. Ako je TaicaB ciy i iaj, a& 
KaipaH Tpe6a ynoTpeoflTH, Ba.i>a na3HTH a& ce H,HMe 
He npeMa3yjy h onpajiiiH paHe, jep KaTpaH ynnniTaBa 
3ApaBe A^OBe h cnpeqaBa CTBapaae KBpacnua (ku- 
jiyca). — ^lecTO ce HaBOAH, Aa ce npeMa3HBaH>eM paHa 
HOTHOMa^e 3apamliHBaH)e, Hy to HHje y cTBapn; Ha- 
npoTHB, THMe ce OTeaiaBa 3apamtiHBaH>e paHa, r re 3aT0 
Tpe6a npeMa3HBaTH caMO BcanKe paHe, tj. TaKBe, Koje 
He 6n MOMe Aa 3apacTy y TOKy oa 3 — 5 roAnna. Ilpe- 
Ma3HBaH>e Tannx paHa HeMa HHKaKBy Apyry 3aAaky ao 
Ty, Aa APbo ca^yBa oa B^iare a c thm h oa Tpy-Leaa. 



HEfA BOTIAKA 3"2!> 



3a OBaj mi.L oo.lh je Tonaji BokapcKn bocuk oa x^aAHor 
BOCKa, jep 6(M>e npnjaita, any Maitoj je KO-inqflHii 
BOTpetfaH, re je 3aTO n jobthhhjh oa x.iaAHora BOCKa. 
Blecro BOCKa Moaie ce sa upeMa3HBaH>e paHa ynoTpednTH, 

HapO^HTO KOA KOIIITVHima, H 6.iaTO OA 1 A^a CMOHHHe 

(n.ioBaqe) h 2 A^a roBe^e 6a.iere, y a^jLhhh 3a 1 — 2 
»., Koje 3aTHM Ba.La OMOTaTH KpnoM h obv cnnpa^HO 
jB63aTH. Kpna ce Moate ckhhyte Beii nocie HeKOAHKO 
A&na, ^hm ce 6,iaTO OKopn, a d.iaTO Morae ocTaTH no 
iiOTpeun 3a 1 ear 2 roAHHe. 

Oda^o, Ha niTa TpefSa na3HTH npa npopei>HBaH>y 
Kpyiie. noMeHyTO je koa „HoAM,iaijHBgH,a BotaKa". 

5. "^amkeae Bokaica. Ha BOHKana, a Hapowro 
ohsm Koje cy Ha Ma&HHM MecTHMa, pacry, Kao hito je 
no3Haio . .lHiiiaju. MaxoBraa, r^oe h Apyrn napa- 
3hth (roTOBaHfl), 36or kojhx BoiiKa Hiije y ohoj Mepii 
.leiia. &ao hito Tpeoa a& je, h kojh iKHBe Ha H>eH 
paqytr, a AOUHnje npn*iHH>aBajy uiTeie h AMOBHiia Ha 
EOJHMa cy. 

MaxoBHHa h .inniajn OMeiajy Kopy, Te He sioate 
BpiiuiTH cboj nocao ; a nopeA Tora cy h .aeMO mhomx 
HHceKaia. B.iara, Koja ce jaB&a HacTa&HBaiteM Maxo- 
BHHe H .liniiaja, yinqe Te ropH>H cjioj npe.ia3H y Tpy- 
Ae&e, a obo je Tasian noBO-ma noroA^a 3a HacTaH>HBaH>e 
pa3HHx r.i.HBima, KOJHMa ce 3HaTHO y6p3aBa nponaAame 
TaKBe Kope. Ha h y c.iy i iajy KaA HeMa rAHBnna, rpaHe, 
Ha KOJffna je Kopa npein./ia y Tpy^eae, ne iiory 6hth 
tsko CHaatHe cao 3ApaB6 rpaHe, Te 3aTO h amoro A&uwe 
]i"i..iH;i;y B6TpOBHMa, o.iyjaua, npMTHCKy ciiera, a H HOA 
.laKiuc Kpxaj; aero BApaBe rpaHe. OryAa cBe 
i;ii;.' aapasiie He rpetfa Ha uol.ua.ua MeAara, k<mhko 

,ii|i;i i,i Boldie (SyAy aene, tomko h aim nyTa 

Bime H3 ou.ijif),-! r i,a uy r i,y iUpaiie. Bet nx Tpotfa y CBOJe 



330 



BOUKE H BOTIE 



Bpeie h Ha HaJ3ro,aHHJn HaiHH ^ihcthth (yK.iaH>aTH) c 
BotaKa. Tom npn^HKOM Tpe6a yE.iaH.aTH h CTapy, oa- 
Ay6^eHy Kopy, 4a ce y oboj He 6e CKpnBa.iH hhcckth 
h ,aa Biiara He 6h 3a.1a3n.aa y nyKOTHHe. 

^Hranefte BokaKa Tpe6a npeAy3eTH koa M^a^nx 
BotaKa CBaKe 2 — 3 roAHHe, a koa CTapnjnx noc.ie 5 — 6 





d. 184. MeTa^iHa 

^eTKasa^HfflteiLe 

.iHmajeBa c lua- 

4HX Bokaita. 



Ga. 185. Cipy- 

ra^ 3a ^Hmiie- 

ae CTapnjnx 

Bokaica. 



C.i. 186. CTpyran 3a' 

Hnrnteae M-iaAHx bo- 

haKSL h rpaHa ocpeA- 

H.e Ae6^HHe. 



roAHHa. Hajy^ecHnje je Ao6a 3a OBaj paA OKTO&ip h 
HOBeindap. 

ylnniaje c M^a^nx BokaKa Haj^aKme je ckhhyth 
3aTO yAenieHHM MeTajiuuM uernaMa (ci. 184), a Ma- 
xoBHHy h icopy CTpyzauuMa (ci. 185 e 186). TaAa 
Tpeda na3HTH ^a obh a^obh He na^ajy Ha 3eM.By, Bek 



HEfA BOTIAKA 



331 



Ha Kai:aB 3&crop, h Tpe6a hx o^Max cna^HTH, jep ce 
Tcua YHiimTaBa bc.iiikh 6poj HHceKaTa n h>hxobhx jaja 
h qaypa. Pa r ; OBaj ncna^a 6oJbe 3a pyKOM, Ka^ je Bpeue 
B.iaiKiio, Hero Ka^ je cyBO, c Tora hito ce Ta#i jiaitme 
CKiuajy MaxoBHHa h .iHmajn, a n Kopa ce .flame 0,4- 

IIpn.inKOM o r viy i>.i>h Ban>a Kope Tpe6a na3HTH, #a 
ce He noBpe^n <upaBa Kopa, a Ha c^yqaj 4a ce to a^ch, 
Ba&a paHy npe.Ma3aTn (S.iaTOM 04 CMOHHne h roBe^e 6a- 
,iere. Ako je Ha boLkh hchoa Kope var HHaqe 6hao 
KaKBnx pafia h^h 060.1e.iHX iiecTa, Tpe6a hx hito 6o.i>e 

1 oiihcthth ao 3ApaBora ApBeTa, na h OBa MecTa 
npe>ia3aTn noMeHYTHii (taaTOM. 

Ha c.ivMaj r ja Ha kojoj boLkh HMa h Hiie.ie (Yiscmn 
album), im.i.a h ay o^hcthth, nasekn Ha to #a ce hito 
BOApexe, tj. npeceLH je y casioj ochobh, na pany 
npeiasaTi KaTpaHOM. CaM pa^ Tpe6a B3BpniHTH npe 
Hero ca3pn po^ HMe.ie, jep je Apo3AOBH Mory jUko npe- 
iieTn n Ha Apyre BotiKe. Ako je Kojy BoiiKy OBaj ro- 
TOBas cnonaAHyo y Benoj inepn, Haj6o^e je ,4a ce TaKBa 
BOhKa n<M,M.ia,ui. 

6. Kpeneae Bokaica. Eohito ce H3BpniH MHHikefce 
BoiiaB bx je ,^o6po h ^a ce onpeqe Ae6.io n ,/je6.i>e 

rpane. Pa^i Tora Tpe6a oa yraraeHora upeqa HaqHHHTH 
KpeqHO M.it-Ko, na ouipihom qerKOi OKpewra HaBe- 
A6H6 jifiAQJM BohsHHe. TaKO o6e^»eHe BotiKe nncy HCTima 
raso .Kiie 3a oko, a.iH to je cnope^Ha eraap npena 

BeJUKXH BOpHCTHMa, ROJe 66 .loolljajv K|h"K'1U\M BOiaKa. 

:f OKpeiene BoLse (hue .iene, HeKii Bolapi iijx i - 

i >j> M6ma&6 K|x"ia r,[ oKcpoM (nj)l',<'iii:ai:TOM 8611- 

. nenejiOM 11 Apyrrai MaiepajaMa, ,i,a Ha Taj iiauini 

BOlK6 lit' <">y,iv carniiM ncjc. A. HI TaKOJ IIp(MI<>p\H,n B6 

6itb iecra e tora, hito ce ry6^eH,cM 6e.ie 6oje 



332 BOUKE H BCRE 

ryofl h je^Ha oa HaJBeLnx KopncTH, a to je ocodflHa 
Aa ce bohko 3aniTHTe oa atere h nH*ie. BotiKe, koa kojhx 
je Kopa MaTKa, h Ha Kojnsia HeMa .inmaja h MaxoBHHe, 
HHje noTpefeo KpeqiTH. 

KpeqeneM BOhaKa noc™Ky ce OBe kophcth: yHHin- 
TaBajy ce 3aocTa^ie jKHinne MaxoBHHe, jininaja h r&H- 
Bsua, Koje ce HHane He Mory yoonHTH he qeTKaia he 
cipyra^HMa; o^iaKinaBa ce CKHAaite A^OBa, kojh cy 
OA-iy6/beHH crpyra^inMa eae ^eTKaia, a kojh cy ce 3a- 
Apata^H Ha Ae6.iy h rpaHaaia ; cnpeqaBa ce HHceKTHMa, 
Aa ce 3aBJia^e y nyEOTHHe KopHHe h Aa y H>HMa npaBe 
CBOJa CFMOHHinTa ; OTeataBa ce H3B0^eH>e HHceKaTa H3 
jaja h A^-i>e hhxobo npeodpaaiaBaae ; cnpe i iaBa ce Aa&e 
HacTaiLHBaae ivbHBHHa, MaxoBHHe h .inniaja; h saniTH- 
taBa ce BOhKa oa JKere h HH*ie, a c thm h oa nojaBe 
do-iecTH ona.ie h oa H3MpavH>aBaH»a. Be.ia 6oja OA6nja 
cyHqaHe 3paKe, h Ha Taj Ha^iHH ne Aa Aa ce Kopa ncyniH, 
a y Ao6a jaox MpaseBa He OTnyinTa Ton.iOTy, Te TaKO 
He Aa Aa OBa H3Mp3He. KaA ce koa BOhaKa mqaq no- 
cthhh OBe KopncTH, Mory ce BOhKe OKpe^HTH ABa nyra 
y roAHHM, npBH nyr y HOBejidpy, a Apyrn nyT y Majy. 
4,pyro Kpe^en>e Mosse hccto h H30CTaTH, a npeAy3flMa 
ce o6fl*mo koa 6o^iem^HBHx BOhaKa hjih koa ohhx Koje 
cy CKopo npecafyeHe. 

7. Ilapaae BokaKa. /l,a ce koa BoKaKa ocHa^e 
nojeAHHH amobh n Aa ce BOhKa cnace oa H3B0CHe 6o- 
iiecTH, npeAy3eia ce TaKO 3BaH0 uapcme eofiana. 
PaAH Tora Tpe6a o6h*ihhm ium 3a to yAemeHHM HOiKeM 
(c.i. 187) HcnapaTH Kopy no ue.ioj aY^hwh ohhx a^- 
^OBa (Ae6^a ? rpaHa h,im .le'ropacTa), kojh ce mAe no- 
jawrn. Ilapane obo Bpnin ce Ha rpaHaiia 03ro h ca 
CTpaHe, a Ha w6aj o6h^ho ca HCTOHHe hae ceBepHe 
CTpaHe, na3ehn npn tom Aa ce 3aceK Ha rpaHaiia npy^KH 



HErA BCRAKA 333 



AOHeK.ie ii iicnoA JiecTa o^aK.ie rotfigajy, n otfpaTHO x& 

mi acu.iv 3axBam AOHeK.ie n naJHnaie rpaHe. 

Hpe3ia roue, Koje cy Ae&LHHe a^/iobh Ha KOJHMa ce 

OBa \ni r \\bi\ xe^H npeAy3eTn n y kojoj ce >iepn zeae 

HOjaiam, Taunx 3aceKa Moxe 6hth 1 — 4. Ako hx je 

BBBie. rpetfa na3UTn a& tfyAy iuto npaBHJn h Ha \u>,\- 

joApasoi OAcrojft&y. IlapaiLe j ra.iaeacTOM npaBijy, Kao 

mTO HeKn npenopyqyjy, Hnje hb oa KaKBor oco6nTor 

3Haqaja. na ra 3aTO He Tpe6a hh ynoTped.-taBaTH. 

IlapaB.eM BO&asa nocTH^y ce OBe KopncTn: 

H>ne ce Mose noAecHTH Ba.LaH oaboc 

ipaory inuefyy nojeAHHHX Ae^ioBa Ha boLkh. 

Ho TOMe, bito ce napaaeM H3a3HBa ja*m no- 

paCTj MoryLHO je a& ce y nopaciy noja^ia 

'a rpana. rj. a* ce npHMopa r \a- oprce 

pan niii-Knx BoKana (Kpau>ynra) na- 

pa&e je qecro Haj6o&e cpeACTBO aa ce H»HMe 

aoTnoMoray y nopaciy oue rpaHe, oa kojhx 

MfflHCB HpaBII.iail 06\lBK BOB.KHH. 

EBhm6 ce npeMa OBOMe mojkc noAecirni 
n no.v'aii <mjioc H3Mefyy Aefoa h KpyHe. x IecTO 
ce Aemana Aa Kpyna BokKe 6ojba Banpe^yje Ci.l87.Hoa 
. imp. c Tora iuto je Kopa Ha A6(Liy *\™£** Q 
in ii.ui oTiipA-ia. Ha saTO aKO ce iia 
BokKB Ecnapa Ae&io, &ahe ce Time jiorykHocni 
ray, re he TaKo moLb &a tfyae y no- 
>AHOcy opens i.-pyiiii. 

. soje nate «»,i, cucaoTOKa, omue n.ni 

. napaoe je sroAHO cpeACTBO, &a ( '° ll ()W Botdte 

:!;iij;ijy. jep ce AOtfroaBeM HOBHX TKa&a hot- 

;;i();illll.III{JHI,i' paiiu, a. c TII.M H 60;BC Hailp»\i.<i- 

!:II.\ I:m},;ii;;i. 'llIM C€ :',;iua:;<' one (JOAeCTH, T|»r.1a 

mot iecra Kcuapafja itopj Ha 2 — 5 



334 BCRKE H BOUE 



MecTa, i to na 2 MecTa, aKO je (fojiecT Ha M^ia^a- 
pnMa eas AeTopacTHia, a Ha 3 — 5 MecTa, ano cy 6o- 
.lecHe rpaHe. Y ko.ihko cy rpaHe ^6jlq, y toahko Tpe6a 
Aa je BetiH h 6poj 3aceKa. Ilpn caMOM napan>y Tpe6a 
na3HTH Aa ce 3aceK nomae h CBpmaBa HajaiaH>e 3a 
10 — 20 cm. H3Ha4 h echo a o6oaqaot aiecxa, paHe. Pa^H 
Tora, je^aH 3aceK Tpe6a HOBytiH no cpe^HHH paHe, Apyra 
c je^He n c Apyre CTpaHe, a ocTa^a ABa H3Me^y obhx. 
Ocgm Tora Tpe6a npnna3HTH A a ce no^eM npopeaty cbh 
caojeBH EopnHH, Tj\ Aa ce pe30M 3aApe h ropitn caoj 
ApBeTa. 

Ilapaae je Ha nocieTKy 3roAHO cpeACTBO h 3a 3a- 
jie^HBaae ocra^nx paHa Ha BOHKaMa, jep KaA ce ncnapa 
Kopa Ha HOMeHyTH Ha^HH (y 6.1H3HHH paHe), 3a,ieqHHe 
ce MHoro 6pate. 

CaMo naK napa&e MO^e ce npeAy3eTH y npo.iehe 
n y Ao6a KaA BOhKe pacTy. Hy npn tom Tpe6a npn- 
na3HTH, Aa ce He Bpnra h 3a Bpesie jaKHx atera. 

HeKH npenopy^yjy, "Aa npn^HKOM napaita Ba&a 
dporo nasHTH Aa ce Kopa ne saceua ao ApeeTa, jep 
ce y TaKOM ciyqajy He yTH*ie, Bejie, Ha noja*iaBaH>e, 
BeL Ha 6o&y poahoct. Aar TaKoj npenopyuH HeMa iiecTa, 
jep je HCKycTBOM A0Ka3am> Aa ce boho nojanaBa h y 
c/iyiiajy, KaA je 3aceK ao AP^eTa. Hoja^n hos;, c Ky- 
KacTHM h omTpHM pe30M, Hajdo.M je 3a OBaj hm,. 

8. IIoAM^al)HBaH>e Bokafca. Hoa noAM.aal}HBaH>eM 
BotaKa pa3yaie ce cKpakHBa&e cbcko^hkhx rpaHa y KpyHH 
BokaKa Ha jeAHy vlae abq TpekHHe anxoBe Ay#™e. 
Oho ce npeAy3HMa y cjiy^ajy: 

a) KaA KpyHa BoLaKa HHJe Kao hito Tpe6a, tj. 
KaA ce rpaHe He pa3BHJajy no ate^n, 6eao c Tora hito 
cy p^aBo ope3HBaHe, hito cy H3paHHJe HanynrreHe, h.ih 
hito je c H>HMa pijaBO nocTynaHo; 



HETA BO^AKA 335 



iiaj je BoiiKa eaatfor pacTa, mi. cy rpaHe 060- 
peHe h i:ua je m6aq tukko ,\a KpyHy He Moace hochth. 
y OBaKOM c.iyiiaJY, nonrro ce rpaHe CKpaTe, w6ao hoch 
MaH,H TepeT ? to je c Tora 113 sLia^apa, kojh CHaatHO Te- 
i»ajy. .iai:o pasBHTH noAecHy KpyHy. Ako je BoiiKa cjia(for 
pada, rj. aKO 1111 Ae&io hh KpyHa HHcy Kao ihto Tpe6a, 
OH^a je y OBaKOJ npciann oo.Le, ^a ce Boko He A^pa 
sa rpn. a uo noipedn h 3a Bnnie roAHHa, na TeK, KaA 
ce Ba.LaHo pa3BHje, OH^a je noAM-ia^Era, Aa ce ocHaatE. 
< >Baj je Ha^HH nocBe 3roAaH 3a BOhKe evador pacTa, n 
I'.a.ba ra npeTnocraBHTH ohom Ha^HHy, kojhm ce „B0hKe 
y to^hko KpaKe opeayjy, y ko.ihko cy cia6njera pacTa"; 

b) KaA je copxa ue3HaTHe BpeAHOcra, hjih oa 
ne (uroBapa o i ieKHBaH>HMa, na ce 3aT0 BOhKa shvae npn- 
npecaAHTn Apyrou tio&ox coptom; 

r) KaA cy poAHe rpaHe onrreiieHe rpaAOM, 3(5or 
qera hh BOhKe He 3iory papain Kao hito Tpe6a; 

A) Koa BoLaKa, koa kojhx je BeTpoBHMa, 0-iyjaaia, 
njniTflCKOM cHera hta. onrreheH hckh j\qo rpaHa, na je 
Tune nopeiieliGHa paBHOTeata H3Me^y nojeAHHnx rpaHa; 

\)) KaA BoiiKa naTH oa acyTHHe, y kom ce o/iy- 
'lajy cyme BpxoBii rpaHa n oiieia BaibaHa poahoct; 

e) KaA je BoiiKa HepoAHa, 6uao ycieA H3HypeHOCTH 
11.111 ,i,i»yi'jix KaKHiix yspOKa : 

s) IiaA naiH y bcihkoj Mepa oa paKa; n, 
K'aA je na BoiiKaMa MHoro HMe^ie. 

noAM.ia^HBaH>e Botiaica qecro hhjg nwpedno npe- 

i.y.;iiM 1, ce seic&a hito 6o^e nofyyCSpn; r re 3a r ro 

OBasy |ia.i.n,y 11 se Tpeda »puiHTH AOTAe, aok ce npe- 

xoaho He c;i.;ii;i. in fcytfpeae iiiije 6mo oa kopmcth. 

[O iio r ],.M.i;il,in{ ( -iH,<' nose ce npeAyseTH y Ao6a 

enrex^pa ao anpiaa, a. m je e&j6oxe yenex KaA 

cement^ y. 



336 BOTV-KE H BOUE 



MHorn npenopynyjy, ^a ce npn./iHK0M noaMJialjn- 
Baita 3a4pa:e npeMa bc.ihhhhh BoLaEa Tpn h BHiue rpaHa, 
tj. £a ce obg He CEpahyjy y hcto BpeMe, Ka£ h oarage 
rpaHe, Ben nocie 2 — 3 ro^HHe. Obo npenopyqyjy y 
nH£>y, ^a ce thm rpanaina pery^nnie Kpeiaae cokobr; 
jep aKO HacTyna HaBa^ia coKOBa, OH^a he ce, Be.ie, BOhEa 
no6o^ieTH, na h ocvhihth, c Tora bito ce xpaHa, Kojy npn- 
BO,a,e atn^e, Hete mohh npepa^HTH. A MHorn 36or Te 
3e6n.e npenopy^yjy, 4a ce OBa pa^na He Bprnn 04, je^- 
hon, BeK y ,pa Aiaxa, tj. y Tony 04 ,pe ro^HHe. Aasl 
HCKycTBa Tone TBp^e cacBHM odpaTHO ; H>HMa ce ao- 
Ka3yje, ^a ce no^M^ia^HBafteM nocTnaty y to.iheo He- 
3HaTHflje KopncTH, y eo-aheo ce y KpyHH 3aApatn Benn 
6poi rpaHa, h y koahko ce osaj pa^ npoTeate 3a Bniue 
BpeMeHa. Tome, roBopetn OBOiie, Be.in: „Ihia BeK 
AeceT ro^HHa KaKO BOhEe no/piJia^yjeM, n HHEa,], He 
ocTaBAaM hh je^Hy rpaHy, a noAJoaljEBaite Bpninn <u 
je^,HOM h KO/j bcihehx a eoa Aia.nix, h eoa dapnx n 
koa MJia^nx BOhana, na mh ce .aonie noo/ieAnHe hhks^ 
HHcy noKasaJie." 

Hcto tsko mhoth npenopynyjy, A& npn.inEOM 1104- 
M^a^HBana BOhana Tpe6a CBe rpane yManaTH, a Behe 
h HHMe npeMa3aTM. A^h c Tora, hito ce Ta^a join He 
3Ha, o^aE^e he ce h EaEBe rpane ao^hth 3a KpyHy, 
ycae^ nera ce n caMO eEpahHBane Bpmn BHUie 04 ona, 
tj. Ha ohbm TaHEaMa, 3a Eoje ce mhcih /i,a cy HajouLe, 
HaBe/i,eHe pa^ne Tpe6a npe^eTH Ten Apyre jeceHH, no- 
hito ce bh^h, Eoje ce rpaHe Mory yno r rpe6HTn 3a pa3- 
BHJane EpyHe. Ta^a Tpeda cne hito je HenoTpe6no ye^o- 
hhth, paHe 3aMaHaTH, a OHe, Eoje EMajy y npemmKy 
BHHie oa 4 CM., H HH3ie npeifa3am 

CBe pa^ae, Eoje ce npeAy3H3iajy na BOhEaua, mo- 
pajy ce BpmaTH c pa3MHnL&afteM, BeiHTanEH n c uaj- 



HEfA BOTiAKA 337 



ee&oi T;iuiK>iiil,y. jep \u\,\ ce Koja rpaHa OAcene, TeniKo 

iiaKHaAnxn. 3aT0 npe Hero ce npncTynn tomo 

. ua.i.a vopo npoiiepnTn, Aa .in je Ta rpaHa 
noTpe^Ha eae Huje. IIo ce6fl ce pasyiie, a*> y koaheo 
cy BoliKe napuje. y to.ihko n yiLaaaafte noje r T,UHnx 
rpana Tpetfa Bpmirni onpe3Hnje. 

a. i je 6i ».].''. Ka.i, ce KpyHa, oahocho rpaHe, 
nooiaTpajy ca 3e*A6, Hero n3 cane KpyHe, n pa r in xora 
A<X5po je, a* j*\\an ca aieM&e noKa3yje motkom, Koje 
rpaHe h na son necTy Tpe6a cKpaTirrn, a Apyra, kojh 
je y Kpynii, raj pa.i. a& hbboa?. OBaj ^pyrn He Mopa 
uirni saK&B BenrraK : oh Ba.La Aa je TaKaB, A» TeciepoM 
■ Hoxei nose noy3A&H0 BAaAara. OcTa.ie paAH>e : rjia- 

. npena3HBaae paaa bta-. Ba-ta ^a Bpmn can Bonap. 

Jim*', soje pji.ui y KpyHH boLkhhoj, He Tpe6a ^a je 
y nsiava h.iii y r.uiunoj ouyhn, jep ce Ta^a ea MHornii 
lecTHxa nose Kopa noBpeAHTH, a THMe H3BaTH h pa3- 
.lH'ine uo.iemi, iiapoqirro pax n cmcaotok. 

1 1 jui.iiikom ri:pa}.iiiian,a rpana TecTepoM Ba.i.a otfpa- 
tiith na;Kii.y, ,i,a ce rpane He 3anene ; a w oh ce to 

in. iiajuo.Le je, ^a ce He CKpanyjy na AiecTy r^e 

Tpetia, Bel ir«ua.i.«\ 04 npnjiHKe 3a 70 cm. Ku,\ ce 

. Tpetfa iiai;na, 1,110 vimohhth naxp.Le. A A& 

LO :;aui'ii.LHBaH>e rpaHa, Tpeda Ha MecTy, Ha 

ce BOAe CKparaTH, paAflTH TecTepoM, Hajnpe 03ao 
ii.i Brine, na gam o3ro Ha unae. 4,a ce w6$Am rpa- 

IHlMa 10' 6l II«)l',pi',l,ll.ll! :;;ion;i.lll ^e^lOBH y KpyHH B0- 

ii.iii aso ce y 5jui8HBfl uoliite Ha.ia3e 6n.LKe h.ih 
sasBB iipc r iMOTn kojh ce Mopajy oiyBaTB, najdo^e je 
,ia ce Tame rpaHe He ceKy oa j6ahom, Bel koxba no 

KOVI 

Boa i'i' : "i ; »- Koje ce sejie jkaohhth, Hopa ce na- 
OAcexy Ta'nio ao CBoje acHOBe, a.m raico, 



338 



BO-RKE H BCRE 



Aa hm ocTaHe ocHOBa h ,a,a HOBpniHHa 3aceKa 6y,a,e yKO- 
meHa h Ha BHme OKpeHyTa. Ako ce c rpaHOM joohh 

h ocHOBa rpaHe, paHa 
je MHoro Beta, na mho- 
ro Teate h aapamkyje ; 
a aKO ce, o6paTHO, oa- 
ceqe rpaHa MHoro BHine 
HSHa^ ocHOBe, ocTaHe 
naTpjb, kojh AOHHHj'e 
H3yMpe h npefye y Tpy- 
.tene, a obo Morae 6hth 
y3poK ^a h apbo y o- 
ko-ihhh TaKBHX rpaHa 
npe^e y Tpy^eite, na 
Aa ce Ha^HHe n caM8 
niyn^HHe. H)ia npn- 
-iHKa, Aa ce Ha BoLsaHa 
pane He Mory 3a.ieqnTH 
3a 20 h BHHie roAHHa 
caMo c Tora, djto ce 
HHJe nasaio npn cKpa- 
tiHBaay rpaHa. A #a 
TaKBe BOhKe .lame 
CTpa^ajy oj\ BeTpoBa, 
o^iyja, TeatHHe CHera, 
Aa ce Dannie Kpxajy 04 




d. 188. A h B nouaayjy paHe npo- 
y3poKOBaHe 3anen.&HBaH>eM rpaHa npn- 
.iHROM ftnxoBa OKpatHBaaa. TaKBe pa- 
He 3apamhyjy bpao Temso, na Ma ce 
npeMa3HBatteM Ba3Ayx h cacBHM 04- 
CTpaHHO, Beh ooh^iho npel>y y Tpy- 
jte&e h npaBe myn^HHe. PpaHe C, H 
h F CKpakeHe cy Kao djto Tpe6a. Koa 
D 3aApffiaH je uaTp.fc, kojh ce Mopa 
ocymHTH, a rpaHa HeKe moKh 3apacTH 



TCoKHHe po^a, Kao h ^a 

AOKce He j&jlork OBaj 4 eo. Tpane E cy Kpa tera B6Ka, pa- 

h G CKpanene cy paBHo c Kopoai, tj. j r ? ^ 

yooaeHa je ocHOBa, 36or nera hh 3a- 3yMe C6 CaMO HO C60H. 
ce K HHJe koc Kao koa F, Tejeaaion CU. 188 H0Ka3yje 

paHa Beta, na amoro Teate 3apamkyie. . yL 

HeKO^iHKO paHa (A h B) 
Koje cy npoy3poKOBaHe 3auen.fcHBaH.eai rpaHa hpkihkom 
CKpahHBaaa, a H3 c,i. 189 bhahmo, a& Te paHe HHcy 



HErA BOTIAKA 



339 



sapacae hh noc.ie 15 ro£HHa; jiei>yTHM pane, r^e cy 
rpaee OAceqene npaBn.iHO (C, F h H), 3apao/ie cy 
ycKOpo. 

P^aBHM oAceua- 
H>eM rp&Ha paHe He ca- 
mo &a TemKO saparaLyjy, 
Bet Tpy.LeiLeM APBeTa 
l j y n Diyn.iHHe; na 
saTOCBas; rpaiiy Tpe6a 
jrabsmm mTO naai.LH- 
Bnje. A Ha c.iyqaj, &a 
tukhx iiiyiLiima BeL 
ham Ha BOhKaMa, Tpetfa <j 
nasim, x& ce hito npe 
DACTpaHH yTBuaj cbct- 
aogtm, x.iaAHOhe h ^e- 
re, a HaponHTO, ,v» fj 
il;r BAara, kojom 

CTaae joni BeiiMa 
BoropmaAO. To ce nose 
uiMTiiliu Ha Bnme Ha- 

Ako je myn.i.iiiia 
oiaifca, rpetfa o^hcthtb 

T|iy.i»M,fMOBe,iuyH.].iiny 

HCIiyilMTIt APB6TOM I OBO 
A06pO yTBpAHTF, 8 .5;i- 

thm .],('«» B3HM pane oa- 




Ca. 189. EoKa3yje hcth ^eo BoiiKe 
Kao Ha ci. 188. OB^e ce bhah pe- 
cy.nirr cspa&HBa&a oa npHAHete nocie 
15 roAHna. Pane A 11 B, Kao idto ce 
bhah, HHcy jom 3apaaie, a no cpeAHHH 
cy h myn&e. Hcto Taico inicy ;;apaaae 
mi pane E h G, a koa D uaTpji ce 
ocyuiHo. JeAHHO cy aapacae paHe C, 
F ii II, A&ue one, i\\o cy B rpaiie 
upaBHAHo oAceiene. 



eekfl ii jtauy ErpeiaaaTB 
BtrpasoM, upCHOM oojo.m hjih tohjihm bockom. Ako ce 
ynorpetfi sarpaH, ipatfa npnna3HTH a& 6y^e sa 1 cm. 
■ m. cope; jep sarpaH, Kao niTojeHaBOAeno, ynnniTaBa 
BApaB€ AMOBe, re (fa thm6 OMeo h 3apaffl!iMBaH»e pane. 

22* 



340 BO'RKE H BOUE 



Ako je inyn^HHa noBena, Tpe6a je, nourro ce o i incie 
Tpy^H a<^obh, HcnyHHTir runcoM uae i^ejieHTOM ; a ano 
je cacBHM Be^iHKa, npexoAHO je Ba&a HcnyHHTH chthhm 
KaMeaeM, na saTHM saiiadaTH rnnco3i ilia neMeHTOM. 
MecTO rnnca eae HeneHTa noate ce ynoTpednTn n MajMep 
oa nene^a h KaipaHa. /l,o6po je 4a ce npeKO OBaKO Be- 
.ihkhx paHa yTBpAH Aanrenna eae HHHKaHn „ihm, jep 
OBaj He pl>a, na 3aTMM noKpnBa^ npeMaate 6oj'om, Koja 
je cinema Kopn Tannx BonaKa. Ha r raj HaqHH BOHKa 
HMa npnpoAHBJH H3MeA, a oceM Tora noKpnBa*i He a& 
B^a3H, 4a e AajLe 3a.ia3H y myn^HHy. 

9. UpenpHcai/HBaae BokaKa. IIpenpHca^HBaH,e bo- 
taKa npe,a,y3HMa ce y npnjnHH : 

a) Koa BoLaKa 6yJHor pacra. Mel^y jauy i iHHU,aMa 
HMa h Taox, Koje AOHOce poA TeK oa 15 — 20 roAnne 
no catje&y, na 3a r ro, a& 6h ce y6p3a.io pai>aH>e, Tpetfa 
TaKBe copTe hohobo npncaAHTH hctom eae Apyroi kojom 
copTOM ; 

6) Koa BOhana c,ia6or pacia n koa copaTa, Koje 
cy nonycTH^ie y nopaciy yc.ieA jaKe poahocth. Ako 
ce OBaKe BOHKe ate^ie onyBaTH, Tpetfa hx HOAM^iaAHTH 
eae no Apyrn nyT npncaAflTH copTaara 6yJHor pacTa; 

b) KaAJe HenoAecaH H36op y copxaMa, Hnp. c Tora 
mTO BOHKe paHO eae AOHHe HBeTajy, eae eito copia 
He OAroBapa oqeKHBa&HMa. 

Koa ja6yKa h KpymaKa npenpncai>HBaH,e Moate ce 
c ycnexoM H3BpniHTH ao 30 roAHHe, a koa nubHBa, Tpeniaita 
h KecTeHa ao 20 roAHHe ; a.in ano cy BotKe npe Tora 
HOAM^ia^eHe, Mory ce h noc./ie OBor aotfa npenpica^HBaTH. 

Hajdo^e je, aKO ce OBaj paA H3Bpnin y MapTy 
eae y anpn^iy, y Ao6a, KaA koa BokaKa OTnorae Kpe- 
Tafte coKOBa. 3a npenpncaijHBaite HajpaAHJe ce y3HMajy 
ABoroAHnifte eae TporoAnnnte rpaHe. 



HIT A BORAKA 341 



HsMeitf namma flpiical)iiiniH,a HaJBiime ce ueHe : 
njtiical)UBaH,e y npouen, na ure-qaK. no.i, Kopy n onen>e. 

10. 06pal|HBaH>e 3eM^,e. Kao n orra.ie Ky/rrypHe 
oii.hKe. nso u BoiiKe aaxTeuajy, r i,a ce seMAa okoao 
ftHXOBa ,U'n.ia. a sajia&e ko.hiko em saximia irpyiia, 
iipaum n OKonasa, jep nn,\ ce sen&a y.iiiBaAii. ne Mory 

' Ilfo/nipaTII 1M3AVX,, TOII.kiTa B boachb naAeatH y 

ohoj iepi, Kau ni[ r \ ce ra seM.i.a oopaijiiBa.ia, na 3aTO 

ii iKii.ie boI&k* ne Mory n ca^a, Kao n pamije, npn- 

uaB.haTii DOTpetfHj xjiany. re ycjiefl Tora h caafaje Ha- 

iijMMyjy ii Ma&6 palmjy. C rora je pa3.iora n ncKpaia 

OHa MyApa ispesa: „ko y ni.Mnuipy TpaBy koch, Taj 

paKiijy upoeK", jiito 3mmn. ^a je OBaiiaB paA 3a BOhKe 

,i' BpeAHOCTH. Pa^H 'rora ipeoa y jeoeH 3eMJty 

npeKonara, a na npciete » .lem no je<\HOM onpamHTH, 

.ii iipn tom ,ia ospajpi oomia oy^y neiirro y3BH- 

j'e^HHe, tj. oa Meda r^e je ^,q6ao 9 Aa ce 

CBa li.ia;. npocTopa cinna Ha atHjie ii ;i,a ce 

KonaibOM wiii.ie He noBpe^e. Ha oiuiko oopafyeHOJ se.v.i.n 

i ii;i.i,f'.Kii He caxo r \n iij>«M,iij)y ,io KHJia, e ^a 

OApsaBa y BJiasHOM crafty, BeL ce y 

leLoj Mepa pacTBapajy a Miniepa.ine MaTepije, 

po h Bobsa ii SApaBHJa b poAHHJa. OceM Tora 

:!i'.;i!!.i-M B6MA€ ope BHM6 ii:moce ce na noBpinniiy 

• Join ii .]<i|ii;i' ii «aype Miiorux mtcthhx iniceKa'ra, 

Mpa86BB CaCBHM II"i;iM;iiit!. 

TaKO <»u|i;ii,rii\ 36MAy Aotfpo je apeKO AeTa no- 

KpHTil h) "i Ma 'n* plljaMa (Ml) iiiimvu, CAallOM, \ } \- 

M. .l,;i C€ .:»•)!. I. a Be iiryniyje II B6 OHOpeBa; 
a. HI BpB TOM ua.i.a ll;i:;irni. ,i,;i ce THM MaTepnjnua. Be 
: II KOpOBCKO G6M6. 

11. r ii>y6peH>e BokaKa. Bohse bcto Kao it i;y.i- 
TfpBe on. !>i;«' ii.:u<i,-yiy. ,i,;i je aa ko.ii- 



342 BCRKE H BOUE 



qnna xpaHHBnx MaTepnja, na 4a ce oko Ba^a pa3BHjy, 
n fla KaKO Ba^a pafyajy. Ako thx MaTepnja Hena y 
AOBoahoj ko.zlhhhhh, OHAa je xpaneite HenorayHO, ?oa- 
Aapn cy 36ar Tora CBe 0/ia6nJH n KpffiAaBnjn, BOHKa 
HBeTa a He 3aMeke po^a, na Ha nocieTEy h yrnHe. KaA 
ce Bote 6ojbe xpaHe, OH^a He caMO a& ^ajy Bete ko- 
piCTH, Bek ce iiaKine npoTHBe HenpsjaTe^HMa h mhothm 
6o^iecTHMa 7 na nx 3aTO n r rpe6a fyydpnTn. 

IIo HeKH HaBO/i.e, KaKO je fyydpeae Bonao oa 
mTeTHor yTnnaja, na ra 3aTO n Hapo^HTO He npeno- 
pyqyjy; &ak TaKOM Mnm^eny HeMa MecTa Ben n no 
OBOine, niTo cmo ao ca/\ cnoMeHy^in. HenoBo.&HH pecy.1- 
Tara 04 ^y6pen,a Mory ce a^hth je^nHO y ciyqajy, 
KaA Bohap HHJe BeniT obom noc/iy, tj. KaA fyy6pn Ma- 
TepnjaMa, Koje cy y HenoAecHOM o6aekj. TaKO Hnp. 3a 
CBaKy BOhKy 6nhe Bp^o ydnTanHO, aKO ce y nenocpeAHOJ 
6jih3hhh H.eHHX atHJia 3aTpna ^lem KaKBe MBOTHHe, n.in 
aKO ce 3a BoiiKe Be3yje CTOKa y Haiiepn, a& 6opaB.keH>eM 
to MecTO Hai>y6pn. To hcto 6nBa n oa ce Bonne i>y6pe 
CBeatHM, He3rope^iHM J)y6peT0M n^in Hepa36^ia^eHOM nn- 
niTeBHHOM. y CBHMa obctm npn.iMKaMa Tpy-zteaeji Jjy6peTa 
Haje/j,ajy ce atn.ie BoLaKa, yc.ieA T iera qecro n cacBHM 
nponaAHy, a c nnsia n ne./ia BOhKa. 

TaKaB je yranaj oa fyytfpe&a, oa ce i>y6pn He- 
noAecHHM MaTepnjana; a^n a& ce noAecHHM ^ydpeTOM 
^ydpeneM y CBOJe BpeMe Moate ao6hth Aa^ieKO Bena 6ep6a, 
y to He Tpe6a hh Ma^o cynaaTH. 

Koa ^y6pen,a BokaKa Ba^a na3HTH Ha obo: 

a) "Bydpe Tpe6a a& Aonpe y OHaj c^ioj 3eM.Le, y 
EOMe je HaJBekr 6poj acnjia, na 3aT0 koa BokaKa TpeCia 
^y6pnTH n opaHHHj n 3ApaBnn,y ; 

6) "Eydpene ce Bonao noace BpniHTH y CBano Ao£>a, 
a^in je ycnex a^^ko 6o^n, KaA ce npeAy3>ie y Ao6a 



HErA BOKAKA 343 



oa OKTo6pa ao vapra. Ycnex je y to.iuko 6oah, y ko- 
.ibko ce ^(jpeite B3Bpmn paiiaje c jeceim b.ib npe nero 

mi saa. Obo Basn n oa ce l>y6pn opaBBna h ita^ 
ce tytfpa 3ApaBBD;a, 3aTBM, 3a CBe BpcTe 3eMa./ba, 3a 
cBe nojoxaje h 3a cbg BotKe, na 6mo a& cy M^a^e 
ui crape; 

b) Oa HOBe3i6pa ao mpTa Tpetfa IjytfpnTn *ibpctbm 

btom, a oa iiapTa ao jyHa tg^hhm l>y6peT0M, Bnp. 

ocoKOM (nnniTeBHHOM) bjib pa3MyLenBM i>y£>peTOM. J ok- 

Totfpy Mory ce ^y^pHTH OHe BotiKe, koa kojbx je npe- 

nopacT h koa kojbx je .iflmlie ona.10 naJBetiBM ac-iom; 

r) HoKpHBaite 3eiM>e 3rope.iBM fyyopeTOM, xyuycBBM 
Ma-R'piijaMa iita. J odniy BoiiKe, y Hauepn a& ce 3eM.i>a 
qyBa <»a ncyraHBaaa h jaKBX Mpa3eBa, Moate ce B3Bp- 
kihtb y CBaKO AO^a. Oa TaKor J>y6peTa H3Becan a^o cb- 
.ia3H n y AOH>e ciojeBe 3eji.ie, na Le ce y.KeKy pyny 
■SBpmiTi n caMo i>y6peH>e; 

liy^peiteM Tpe6a yaeTH y 3eMjLy CBe one Ma- 
Tepig'e y KOJBMa ocKjAeBa, a Koje cy Bp.10 noTpedne 3a 
fcneiMUM Bobasa. Hajqemke ce H3 seMJte Bcijpne a30T, 

:na Kieauraa h Kaanje, Te 3aT0 y p-BaKOM fyytfpeTy 
na.i.a a* oa uhiix Maiepnja y aobo^hoj ko^b^bbb; 

hi r idy6pe, y Koxe ma y w.io6sjbj a30Ta, yTB*ie 

;i ll;i CTBSpaB€ ApBeia B -IBIflka, a, BanpOTBB, 

l?y6pe y Kone BMa AOCTa $oca»opHe KBce^BBe b Ka^iBJa 
yTH^e BHBie na p 

Bao iiito je noMenyTo, n Botae, Kao b ocTajie 
twaiBi je ce ii:'. opraHCKH imb caropjLBBnx n ne- 

opraHCKn ji.iu secaropAHBra iwrepHJa, Te no tomo, 4a 
Be on sao imto rpetia pawiyy b &a Kaito B&&a ko- 
piere, noTpefao je ,i.a nxajyHa pacncMwaeBy ii,i<\uiii\ 
11 Apynix larepija h 4a ux majy yAOBOAHOJ roaotihe. 



344 BOUKE H BOTIE 



OpraHCKe MaTepnje, KOJHMa ce ^y6po BokKe, ear 
cy H3 aiHBOTHifcCKor eae H3 6n.kHor CBeTa h.ih cy cMeca 
H3 06a napcTBa. 

OpraHCKe MaTepnje ns JKHBOTHH>cKor napcTBa /j,ajy 
HajcHa-HiHHJy xpaHy n HMajy a30Ta y HaJBenoj kqaewire. 
HajBaEHBJB cy: KpB, oraann H3 MecapHnna, A^Ke, 
nepje, poroBH, nanoanH, kocth, neynoTpednBa ByHeHa 

TKaBDa E H3MenH Ay^CKH H iKHBOTHH>CKH. 

Ilpe Hero he ce OBe MaTepnje ynoTpednTH, no- 
Tpe6HO je a& ce npeMa h>hxoboj npnpoAH H3Memajy ca 
36MA0M, KpeqeM, rnncoM h thm hoaoohhm Te-iHMa, eae 
4a ce pa36,iame boaom (njraiTeBUHOM). A oa OTna^aKa 
H3 aiecapirana, 3aTHM oa poroBa, nanoitaKa, KOCTffjy uta. 
Haj6o^e je npnpeAHTCT komhoct (MeniaHan,, (SyitHinTe), 
na KaA 3ropn, on^a H>HMe fyydpnTH. 

Ilpn npaB,teH>y KOMnocTa CMaTpajy ce Kao MaBHE 
MaTepnja.iH-: 3eMAa, Kpev h neneo. Hajnpe Aot^e c.ioj 
3eM>e, na OH^a c./ioj oprancEax MaTepnja, tj. cTajcKO 
tyope h HOMeHyTH oraann noMeraaHH c KpeMCM eae ne- 
nejiOM, 3aTHM oneT 3eM^a, aok KOMnocraa roMH.ia He 
AOCTnrHe BHCHHy oa 1 — 1*5 m. A Aa fa ce BpiuH^o 
hito dpate h jeAHawje, komhoct Tpe6a oa BpeMeHa na 
BpeMe npeKonaBaTH n kpohhth ocokom eae boaom. KaA 
ce komhoct oBaKO npnpeAn, Mome ce boK noc./ie 3 — 4 
iiecena yno'rpednTH. „OBaKoje t^ydpe, mae Tome, 60/be 
oa CBaKor BenrraMKor J>y6peTa, nnp. OAaMOHnjaHHor cynep- 
$oc$aTa, Ka./iHJeBa cynep$ocoaTa, Ka.mjeBa aMOHnja^mor 
cynep$oc$aTa hta. c Tora, niTO je a^Jctbo Tora l>y6peTa 
Bp^o TpaJHO, aok je obo koa BenrraqKor i>y6peTa Tpe- 
HyTHO, tj. oho je 3a BOHKe oa npi^HKe hcto Kao e 
6ypMyT 3a JtyAe." 

OpraHCKe MaTepnje n3 6n.LHor napcTBa HMajy no- 
HaJBnnie yr^eHHKa, a ynoTpe6,teHe 3a l^ydpeae oa Matter 



m-:rA BORAH A 345 



<-v jejCTBa Hero oprancKe naTepije m khbothrckop cuera, 
c Tora mi' ce .iai;o h (5p30 pacna^ajy. X obG Jiaieprje 
jtaiiynajy ce: qab. crpjroTHHe 0,1, apBeTa, no3Aep, (5yceH, 
(y cone inia 11 Ka.inja) m\\. II ofl obhx 
Maxejinja nap' na noMeHyTH HaqHH iipn- 

peAfl KOMnoeT, na i;a,i aropi, Ijvdpnrii ibime BOhite. 

y V je ce Ao6ni*,a H3 JKHBOTHacRor ji on&HOr 

uapi'THa. pa'iyna ce crajctco tjfjOpe. II obo je fcytfpe, 
Ka.i caropa 11 wax ce npiipe.ui Kao dito Tpeoa, no^ecHO 

sao 11 KomocT 3a cue BoiiKe, jep ce asMe naaoK- 
nabyjy 36M&H ne caxo cbg opraHCKe Maiepnje, BeL a 
naJBannuijii unnepa.imi cacrojun. Ho TOMe komiioct h 
dajcKO ^y6pe Tpetfa eMaipaTa Kao Hajaroaraje by6pe 

te BoiiKe. 

II Te«rao Ijvupe (y Etoje ce paqyHa ocoKa, Koja 

•'nina npn.niKu.M aropeBaaa dajcKor bydpeTa, h y 

f»a.).MyheHII CTO^JH II .I.VACKH II3MCTn) CMaTpa C6 

lotfpo ^y(Jpe :;a BoiKe; a aKO ce noMema c ne- 

. rancOM, Koiirraiiii.M upaniiioM, Bpe r yioc r r My cejoiu 

.iiiaiHO noBehaBa. IIoiiito y nniuTeiumn HMa cpa3MepH0 

Ma.i«» »oe*opHe Kiiiv.iiiiit'. nonpaBAajy MHorn OBaj oahoc 

1 cynep#oc*aTa, pauynajylin 3a ciMKy BoIiKy 

''•) — 1 Ki'j» . iipi'Ma T0M6, Aa ae je BoliKa Maii.a 

H.111 Beta. 

f I ii«r«i ocoKa BHje AO(5pa 3a BotKe, Te je 3aTO npe 

: pa:>,o.ia;i;imi BO^OM, rj. BO^e y36TH hcto 

tojmko, koaheo raa n ocoKe. A k.ia ce AO^aje cynep- 

ii i:i ce npendpy^yje, ,\n ce obo Ao/umaii.e miium, 

DOmTO C€ ';i.i«"».i;i;i;i[ BOAOM H A& ce H6 byupn 

• MMax. B6i HOCAe B6K0J1HK0 ,i,ana. 

V MUHepOAHO /;//<">/>' pa'iyiiajy ce paBJlI^fle nun. 

mil*. i;[m"j. .laiiop. nine iiia.iirrpa, GOCWpHTH iit.i,.; a 

) BpnAyje b k hiiioct, bko cj y &eM] npe- 



346 



BOUKE H BOTiE 



TeatHirja MHHepa^iHH cacT0-jn,E. BpeAHOCT OBor ^ydpeTa 
y onmTe je Maaa o# HaBe^eHnx BpcTa ^ydpeia, jep My 
je ^ejcTBO TpeHyrao ; na HnaK HMa Bokapa kojh h Taoo 
^y6pe npenopyqyjy. 

Hy 6eaq /ia ke ce 3a ^y6peae ynoTpetfuTu m 
Koja oa HaBe^eHHX BpcTa l?y6peTa, iviaBHO je Ha inTa 



t 




d. 190. OuH^aH CBpaao Ci. 191. Ehhh,ob CBpaao 3a odn^He 
( l \ 10 npnpoAHe BeaninHe). 3eM^e (^q npnpoAHe BeanHiuie). 

npn tom Tpe6a na3HTa: Aa ce oho Moase pacTBopnTH, 
to ce 3aT0 nope^ i>ytipaBHx MaTepnja Mopa boLkh a^th 
h H3BecHa KO^iH^HHa BO/i,e 3a pacTBapaite thx MaTepnja. 
C Tora ce h BO^a npn i^ytfpe&y Mopa CMaTpara Kao 
HeKa Ma e nocpe^Ha BpcTa $ydpeTa. 4-p Bojihu H3- 



HErA BOHAKA 



347 



paqyHao je, ^a ca no.ia xeKTapa 3eM^e, KOja je 3aca- 
|ena BotKana, ncnapn Kpo3 ^Hnike 3a 12 Aana Ha 
20.000 .lHTapa BOAe, a to je £OKa3, ^a je (ma Bon- 
Eaia noipeuHa n y Be.iHKOJ KOjnraHH. 

KaKo k ce h y kojoj nepn BotiKe i>y(5pHTH, 3a- 
bhch oa Tora, y KaooM je o(MHKy cano ijyope, tj. 
Aa ae je mbpcto hm Te^rao. 

KaA je i>y6pe ^BpcTO, 
Tpeda ra H3MemaTH ca 3eM- 
.iom oko &q6a& BoLaKa, ko- 
.ihko KpyHa Aoceate, hjIH 
36m.lv OTKonaTB, na n>eHO 
MecTO nonyHHTH fyytfpeTOM. 
y tom ciyqajy, 3a CBaKy 
boLky, y Ao6a n>eHe poAHO- 
cth, 6nne aobo.lho 2 — 4 ko- 
.inna (100 — 150 Krp.) kom- 
nocTa hae 50 Krp. CTajcKor 
^y6peTa. Obo i>y6pe AejcTByje 
cnopo, Te 3aT0 i>y6pen,e je^He 
ncTe BokKe na^a TeE noc/ie 
4 — 6 roAHHa. 

KaA ce BokKe tydpe 
T6TOHM };y6peT0M, Tpe6a oko 
Ae6„ia y ofiniiy KpyHe auio- 

H1IMM H.1H CBp r 1,.101',IIMa (ca. 

190, 191 h 192) HCKonara 
pyne y pacroja&y sa 1 ao 

2*5 m.. a y i,yohhh 3a 40 

l, na y h»hx cnnaTH Tora l>y6peTa. Ako je 

i nfiMt'ii". i',;i.i,a pyne a^ cy c ropn>e CTpaiic n 

iino &uuce jr.iiia Apyroj. Ha CBaKy BoLKy cpeAH>e 

GT&poera 6&e aoboaho 3 — 5 ohth. Obo ijytfpe a^j- 



Ga. 192. EnHniOB CBpAao 3a Ka- 

MeiiHTe scmag ( l |, npHpo,\He 

Be^iHHHHe). 



348 BOUKE H BOUE 



CTByje 6p30 ? na 3aT0 n l>y6peibe je^He ncre BoiiKe na^a 
Bet 2 — 3 roAHHe. 

Kao hito je noaieHyTO, mhofii 3a LjGpese BokaKa 
npenopynyjy n MHHepa,iHO (BeuiTa^Ko) i>y6pe. TaKO Hnp. 
npo^ecop Bazuep t>y6pn bohkc y HOBeMopy: citecoM oa 
jeAHamix A&lOBa XiopKaAHJa n cynep<i>o(M>aTa ; a y $e- 
6pyapy : ^HJLH-ina.iiiTpoM. y npBOM ciyiajy paciypa l>y- 
6pe ok(mo BOLKe, na ra 3euJbOU noKpuje, a y ApyroM 
ciy^ajy He noKpiiBa ra. seifAOii, neli caMO pacTypn no 
o6nMy BonKe. Oa x^opKaJLiija (y KOMe ima 50% Ka.inja) 
n cynep<i>oc$aTa (y KOMe nam 20%, <i>oc<i>opHe Kiicejime) 
y3HMa 3a CBaKy AoCpo pa3Bnjeny BOijey no 1 Krp., a oa 
miH-ma.MTpe 0*5 Krp. IIpBo l^yopeifee ynoTpeOibaBa koa 
6yJHHx BobaKa, a Apyro koa BokaKa c.iauor pacTa. 

IIpo<i»ecop Mopotc Bujb npenopy^yje CMecy oa 4 A6J.a 
KaJLnjeBa cynep<i>oc<i»aTa (ca 15% <i»oc«i»opHe Knce-iime), 
2 A&ia noianie (ca 90% Ka.mja) n 4 A^.ia rnnca. Oa 
OBe CMece Y3HMa Ha BOBKy 300— 500 rpaMa, a caMO 1)V- 
6pen>e Bpmn oBaKo: y ooiimy c&aice BoiiKe, Ha ^ajbima 
3a 1*5 m. oa Ae&ia, iicKona ainonoM 6paa#y y AydHHH 3a 
20—30 cm., na 3aTHM cacne noipeoHy ko.iiihiihy mi- 
BeAeHor J)y6peTa n obo 3e>L/LOM noKpnje. A oko 6pa3Ae 
ca yHyTpaniKbe CTpaHe nsoyimi niDie y noAJeAHaKOM oa- 
CTOJaay 3—4 pyne 3a ciimaiBe KimiHiine, #a on ce Bjope 
6o.zbe pacTBopn.io, a c tiim h uo.Be Kopncmio. 

y HaJHOBHJe ji,o6a npenopyuyje ce jaKO t^yupeae y 
aBrycTy n cenieMopy, jep ce mhcjii, Aa Benrra^Ko BjOpe, 
a Hapo^iiiTO Ka^injeB cy.i«i>aT n cyiiep<i>oc<i>aTii, yTjmy Ha 
pa3BiijaH>e iibcthhx nynoibaKa; a.in rowe Haj.a3n, a& 
OBaKqj npenopyiin Hena MecTa, n tbpaii Aa ce o TOMe 
yBepno h HHH.eHHM or.ieAHMa. Oh bc.ih: 

„Oby npeTnocxaBKy CMaTpaM Kao CKpo3 norpeniHv, 
a HHJe hh npn.inKa, Aa ce Morae oCjacHHTH yTHnaj Tasor 
^y6peaa Ha pa3Biija.Jte hbcthiix nynoAaita y a^boj ro- 
Ahhii, A^-^era npo.iena: a.in nomxo ja paABJe npo6aM ho 
hito y^niM, to can y obom nor.iPAY hiihiio MHoro6poJHe 
or^ieAe, n Kao noaieAnna Tora 6n.,ia je Ta, Aa mh je ne- 
ko^ihko CTOTHHa Mapana ocTa^io Maae y neny, a pecy^L- 

Ta'TH Cy MC^yTHM — HIIKaKBH. 



HEfA BO'KAKA 349 



.II nan pa r i,ii ycnoKOJeaa MopaM noMeHyTH, && cau 

or.ieAe i ninno Ha Tenncoj n.ioBann, c kojom ii ima^e roiaM 

noc.ia : a .iano je MorytiHO, r ia on Ha .lanoj necKymn n 

6hao KaKBiix prcy.rraTa, a.m xaKBe or.ie r ie u Ha ocTaJUDi 

i.a.Ma imca.M xreo hiitii nx iKe.uiu npe^ysmtaTH. 

. f l,a o r i,Max H oujaciiiiM, 3auiT0 He BepyjeM y pe- 
cy.naTe TaKBor ijynpoita : 

.BeL noneiKOM jy.ia pa:?BiijeH je bchii r ieo n,BeTHiix 
nyiio.LaKa. n OBB ce. Kao iuto je no3Haxo, jacHO pa3.in- 
Kyjy o.i, jaJLOBHX nyno.LaKa. Har.iainyje.M eefiu Aeo, jep 

la.Li'M nopainhiiiuin.y Mory join y HeKo.uiKO paaunTn; 

iiopacr npccTaHe, OH r i,a ce npeTBapaae jaaoBnx ny- 
im.LaKa y i^BeTHe He mojkc 1111 saMHCJHTH, r J,a on ce obo 
npi'Tuapaihc KsaSB&id i/yopeihe.M y aBrycry n cemeM6py, 
noTpeono je j,ah\ie 4a ce BereTan,nja nonpeHe ii3H0Ba, a 
to 11 nn r \ 6h ncna.io sa pyKOM, ne 611 on.io KopncHO, jep 
on ce y raKOM cayrajy nneTHH nyno&qn, kojh Tpe6a r oa 
ce paaBEJy sa npojehe, paaniLin jom ncre jeceHn. r Ey- 
6peH>e y aBrycTy n cenTeMO*py motjlq 6e yTHuara Ha no- 

aofcaxa je^iiHo y cjysajy, Ka r i r 6b jeceH n nocie^an 
,iaHii iera nii.iu Ton.iu n luaaiHii, a.m c Tora hito je y 
tiim necesHMa cyBa seiL&a iiciio/t, KpyHe BO&aKa, Hnje 310- 
i'vhho r \d ce Ijyope o^hoch n y ,i,y6nny, sell ocTaje Ha 
lyje je b mothvto, 11 to CBe ^OT.ie, aok ce Bo r ;e- 
hiim na.],c;i;!i\ia lie iipnnr^e iKii.iaMa. 

J la 11 y ciyiajy. aKOJe y o;;na T ieii<)M npcMCHy 611.10 

T011.10 11 BjaxHO npe.ve, 4a je ycie^ Tora Boioca aaacTa 

Mni.ia ynorpeoHTH xpaHHBe uaTepaje, iniaw 11 y xanoj 

uioj iipiunnn He nii nii.10 KopncTH Beti nrreTe, jep 

BObKfl He <"»n Moijii 11,1 epene :;aiipmnTH cboj nopacT, tj. 

.\l.ia,l,apii ••<• He <"»n Mor.ni ,10 J6C6HH , 1,01:0.1, no 3 r l,pBeHHTU, 
, Mopa.in npa.i.ain 0,1, \ipa;;ri:a. Ako He 6h 011.10 

OBHX !iitct;i. nory p.iMyii.iTii ,i ? a ce t>y6peaeM y anrycTV 

n cenrejf6py nose ytiiu.ith ,ia ce hbbthb n\ ho.bhh 6o^>e 
!jy. .Lin ,i,a obex Moace 6hth ii y BeLoj Mrpii, to no 

.i.'>iiii;ouiii,cM acKycTBy no BepyjeM, n CMaTpaM, ,i,a ,je to 

11 CaCBHM H('M<.r\ |,iiu. 

''•pcil.y \ ;ii:|-yciy 11 CeHTeM6py, ECaO iino ce nil, 1,11, 
He iipu.i.;i|f\i HIIKaKBe i:p»M.iiocni, mini ;i;<'.iii\i ,i,a 11 ii.iimo 



350 



BCRKE H BOTvE 



H3HocnMKaKBeHOBHHe, aHajnaae koa bhcokhx BoKaKa, wje 
cy mnj.e ,a,y6oKo y 3eM.zbH h 40 kojhx ce xpaHHBe *iecTHD;e 
Mory ^OBecTH je^HHo 3hmckom B.iaroM. yje^HO 
HanoMnaeM h to, ^a HucaM 6or 3Ha KaKaB npn- 
BpajeHHK hh BeniTa^Kor ^y6peTa, 6ap ,a,OT.ie, 
^okaq BaiaM y H3o6n.zby o6ii*mor ^yBpeia, a 
TaMO r^e OBora HeMa, h Benna^KO ^y6pe Ha- 
paBHO Tpe6a ynoTpe6irra, jep je 6ojbe mnTa 
Hero HnrnTa." 

12. noAyirapa&e Bokaica. noAynn- 
paite BohaKa npe^y3HMa ce: 

a) Kad ce zpaue eoRana uoeujajy 
ycjiefi Teotcune po^a. J OBaKOM c/iyqajy 
rpaHe ce najo6flqHnje noAynapy paK^acTHM 
MOTKaMan^H aKO obhx Hesia, OH^a ce y obom 
o6^HKy h Hapowro upaBe (ci. 193). Ako 
cy rpaHe bhcoko oa, 3eM.*>e, oH^a ce paK.ta- 
cie motkc yTBp^yjy aa w6ao uae 3a rpaHe, 
H4H ce rpaHe npHBe3yjy kohohhcm 3a npo- 
Aymeae, npn neiy ce na3H ^a ce Ha aiecTy 
r/j,e ce rpane AOAnpyjy c ApBeTOM eae ko- 
HonneM q6aokv ciaMOM, Kpnaiia ht^. 

6) Ead ce uoje^uue zpaue oicejie ca- 
uyeaTii, 4a ce y ocuoeu ne oueue. Obo ce 
Haj6o.te- nocTHate CTerana. Ciere Mory 6hth 
pa3^aqHe, a,in ce MJBnnie neHe onaoe, Kao 
Gi. 193. a niTO cy Ha ci. 194, 195 h 196. H3Met>y 

tb°p^ho B ap" ° BHX Ha J-* 0nm J a J e 0Ha Ha CA ' 195 ' J e P 

bo, Aa MOTKa ce He Moate no boah 3aTerHyTH ; Me^yTHM 

6yA cTa K * a " Apyre ^ Be MOr I ce H HaKH W° 3aTe3ara, 
npBa yBHJeaeM 3aBpma, a Apyra yneniTaaeM 
Kyne y Apyre npcieHOBe (a.iKe). H OB^e Ba^a rpaHe 
*rajie o6j10^hth Ha MecTHMa, vj\e ce CTera £0,ppyje 
c rpaHaMa. 



HErA BOHAKA 



351 




b) RaA QoKne ynoco pacxy 
ce ucnpa?nTH npHBe- 
3iBa&ei sa je^HY iun 
Bume npimiKa n.in no- 
AynnpaiteM pory.LaMa; 

rapaje BoiiKe npe- 
nopy^yje ce OBaj Hamuli: 
C iipoiuBHe cipaHe yKO- 
meHor npaBija Ba.ta y 
OACTOJaay oa 2 — 5 m. 
iiiiuhtii ykoco 2 KOiiia, 

TaKo ,\a C Aeo.lOM BOt- 

K6 npaBe Tpoyrao (ci. 
197 I). 3aTHM ce &e- 

6AQ BOiiKHHO Y BHCHHH 

KpYHe rate OMoTa n sa 
OBaj aco yBexy j\m atHije, 
a BOTOX ooa Kpaja y- 
TBpAe sa KO^eBe (c.i. 
1 ( .)7 B), h CTeraaia F 
Aor.ie Baresy, aok ce 
Botaa HencnpaBH. Koa 
Botasa, Koje cy jaso y- 
KomeHe, oBy pa r i,H,y ho 
i HpniHTH oa je- 
AainryT, B6k noc/ie CBa- 
i;iix 8 -14 r i,an«i. Join 
je 6o.U'. i;ha 66 w; nn.0 
B€ VTBpljyjy :;;i K016B6, 

;pajeBB y- 

.;;i DOBeLe Kaueibe, 
li;i g&TOl Ka.Mt'ii.i' JKOJUk 
nOAjfoso y j'vm.t.v. Ha oBaj HamiH Mory 



Mjia^e BoLKe Mory 



C.i. 194. CTera. A ;Ke.ie3Ha uo.iyra; 

B nonpe^HO apbo ; C 3aBpTaa; D y- 

Tpl>eH>e no.iyre A ; E Kpna hchoa 

CTere, 4a ce rpaHa He uoBpeAH. 

Koje cy j\e6eAe 2*5 — 3 mm., 




Ca. 195. CTera. A no.iyra; B KyKe, 
hcuoa kojhx je Kpiia, ciaMa iita. 



Ce HClipaBHTH 



352 



BOUKE II BOUE 



BotiKe Koje HMajy y npenHHKy ao 20 cm. Mhohi 3a 
OBaj HEJb ynoTped^aBajy caiio je^Hy mhj, &az je £a.ieKO 
do&e Ka/i, cy ,pe, tj. Ka^ ce pa^ii Ha noMeHyrn HannH. 
Ako je boho join Ae6/ta, OH^a je y TaKOM ciy- 
qajy Tpe6a HcnpaB^aTH BHJyKOM ear KOTypanoM, na 
3aTHM noAynpTH Kao hito noKa3yje c.i. 198. Ilo^y- 
napaH je y ropaeii aeay 3ao6jLeH (F), #a 6n ce c bohkom 
BHme ,a,OAHpHBao; a 4a ce na tom MecTy He 6h BOhKa 
HapaHaBH^a, Tpe6a no^aTypHTH nrro BHine Epna. 




d. 196. Orera. A h B .laHau; ; C Kyua 3a 3a- 
Te3aH>e ■, D h E KyKe 3a xBaTaite rpasa. 

EaA ce noAynnpan yK^iOHM, hito 6nBa nocie 3 — 5 
roflHHa. Mome ce ^ecnTH && OBane BOHKe h AOHHnje Ha- 
rnH,y pacri yKOCo, 're hx 3axo npn./iHKOM HcnpaBj>aH>a 
Tpe6a HaKpeHyTH 04 npn,iHKe sa 10 cm. BHnie Hero 
hito Tpe6a, na be nocie 3ay36Tn Tanno ycnpaBaH npaBan,. 

13. Hepo^HocT BokaKa, Mhom Hepo/jHOCT BokaKa 
CMaTpajy Kao 6ojiecT BoLiKa; a^n Tone neMa MecTa, 
c Tora hito BOhKa MOflte 6hth Hepo^Ha, a ^a anaK 
dy^e 3ApaBa. 



HEfA BOTvAKA 



353 



HepoAHOcn iiory Shtb pasHB yapoijB : a sao naj- 
BazHHJB cy: nenoBo.i>au &odosaj, HapoRBTO aKO je OBaj 

lea jaKii.M BOTpOBna, whim HenoA^caH H36op co- 
. Aytfono ca^efte, donta n nepoAHa sex&a, cyBHine 
ry.-ra Kf»yna. uvjaii nopacr iit/u na 3BTO Ke one pa- 
t>aTii. i:a.i ce npoua|e r.iaRini yspOB h OBaj yk.iohii. 




HcnpaBHTH ; I! ico be BooHBeHo y 
io4 itoje cy ic | > 1 1 * - ; I) ii E sime; K CTere 

I i;m .i.c II. 



TaKO, bko je noaoaaj B3AoxeB jawim BerpoBHMa, 
v BaJBirme npiAiEa poaboct hoctbKb qemtaii 

>\i it. in '•;ii )( 'n,»'M BohaKa ea yapoAOM, Hnp. ^jaCyse 
i spysiKe ca m.uimiMa, n.ui ee c BotiKaiia ea i 
CTpaae oabbjn • jbbb BeTpoBH ii|>na tobojui, ia 

Out uaumnv B0&B6. 









354 



BO-RKE H BOTIE 



^edo ce A^inaBa, a& ce boho yca^tf Ay6jbQ Hero 
je< J^Hjia. Ako je BokKa MJiaAa n OMaaa, Haj6o.Le je 4a 
ce ; m 3eio>e H3BaAH m hohobo npecaAH; a ano HHJe, 
Ba^a 3eM^y OTKonaTE &okaq Tpe6a. 

Ka^ je sesi^ba .10- 
ma 3a rajeite Bolia- 
Ka, tj. aKO jeMO^iap- 

Ha, KRMeHHTa HTA-, 

naj6o^e je Aa ce h 
He raje BOhKe na Ta- 
koj 3eM^n, c Tora 
HiTO nonpaBKe qecTO 
dajy h cyBHnie CKy- 
no; aaKO je HepoAHa 
a HHa^e Ao6pa, r rpe6a 
je iiito 6ojbe nol^y- 

6pHTH. 

KaA je KpyHa cy- 
BHme rycra , Ba^a 
jojrpanenpopeAHTH. 

14. 3amTiiiiaBa- 
ae BokaKa oa ne- 
noroAa. *lome Heno- 
roAe Mory ra'reTHO 
yrimaTH He caaio 11a 
OMeime po^a, nero 
h Aa 6yAy y3poK uo- 

jaBH 03B6CHHX OHa- 

CHHX 6o^iecTH. 

y TaKe HenoroAe paqyHajy ce: cywa, Mpa3, zptiA, 
ojiyja ml cnei. 

Cywa. 3a Bpene AyroTpaJHHX cyma Mnore BO&Ke 
He Mory ce pasBHTH Kao nno Tpe6a, na h aKO ce OHe no 




Ci. 198. A ago.io Koje Tpeoa HcnpaimTii; 
B noAynnpai ihjh je 4eo C .mooJbeH ca 
yHyTpamifce cTpane, Kao idto ce to bhah 
koa E; D KaMGH h.ih KaitaB npe^MeT no- 
AaTypeH, 4a ce noAynnpai He imiaKHe. 



HErA BO-RAKA 355 



npnpoAn AOopo yKopen>aBajy, jep ce y TaEHM npn^HKajra 
h OB^e xpaniiBe MaTepHJe, ca ocKyAnne B.iare, He Mory 
pacTBopjiTH, 're ce Tmie OTeaiaBa npnMaae xpaHe oa CTpaHe 
sua. I^eKOJe BOHKe y OBaKOM oayqajy Mory h cacBHM 
nponacrn, aso n.u ce He npnTeKiie y iiomoJi; a 6op6a 
je, HCKa cyMH>e, y to.ihko Beta, y kimheo je cyma 
AyroTpaJHnja n y ko.ihko ce BoiiKe ciadnje yKopeaa- 
Bajy. ooor jane cyme BotiKe Hncy y cimy Tepara jane 
M-ia^ape, OMeTe ce HBe'raite, a oa 3aM6TnyTor poAa Haj- 
BeLH ^eo ona^fle ; jLia^a Kopa o6h i iho ce caieatypa, a 
HaJMJia|H Ae.ioBn y KpyHH CBeny mail ce n cacBHai ocynie. 
3f OBaKHM npiLiiiKaMa Bobsaiia ce mme Hajdo^e homohh, 
aso ce mTO 6o.i,e 3ajiHJy. Pa^n Tora Bavta y odniuy 
Kpyfle y paarojaay sa 8 / 4 — 1 m. HCKonajH CBpA-ioBHMa 
3a 50 — 60 cm. AyooKe pyne h HanyHHTH hx boaom, 
na. kh,\ ce seif&a Ao6po HaByiaatM, BotiKe 3a./iHTfl h 
t^ihhm hyopeioM. Ako je BOhH>aK HOBehH, a npa tom lieMa 

. Tpeua joui H3paHiije HCKonaTH pyne okojio bo&- 
H>ai;a, xi ce y h>mx Kflnia C/iHBa h Ha Taj Ha^HH napa- 
h li j e npuBe^e 3eaiji>H hito Beta KOjinqEHa B.iare. Ako 
cy BOhKe Ha ctpmhhm MecTasia, Mory ce Konara jeH^e- 
uiil.n ii to c ropae CTpaHe. 

Mpa.s. Bokne no cbojoj npnpoAH Mory H3ApJKaTH 
jaKj jumv, ajiu y cjiyiajy wataq npomene y touaots. 
ii x.ia r i,nohn Mory H3Mp3iiyTH h y nopacTy 3HaTH0 ce 
in. a no Kojii nyT h A^ceTKOBaTH. 

IIo TOJie Ke BotiKe naTHTH oa MpaseBa y to- 
UKO naibe, y rcihko tfHBa nocTynHHJa npojieHa y to- 
euotb ii x.iaAHOhH, h y koahko c npo./ieha noiiHH>e j\o\\- 
mije ijercTaiuija, Aa BOhKe y HBeTy He 3aA«ce ho3hh 

bk. Hapo'iiiTo je OBaKa HaMa iipoiiemi H63roAHa 
Bobaita, jep je ono y ycnpaBHOM npaBHj, r re 
• H-iainiM :5p;ui.uMa uajtfpate 3arpcji'. 

23* 



356 BO-RKE H BOUE 



KaKO Ky.iType 6hakg, Taso a BOhKe, Mory crpaAaTH 
oa panux (jeceftax) a uosniw (npo.iemax) MpaaeBa. 

Oa paHHX Mpa3eBa HaJBanie CTpaAajy M-ia^apn, 
3aTHM Kopa, Koja ce ycieA Tora .Byiirni, Hapo™ro c 
jyame h jyro-acwiHe CTpaHe, jep ce 36or miivie npo- 
Mene 3a.ieAa Bo^a y Kopa, na e Tora, ihto ce .ieA 
niapa, jep 3ayaHMa Beay 3anpeMHHy oa BOAe, HaroHH 
Kopy && npcKa a Aa ce mccthmhhho o r vtycKaBa. Upo- 
Mp3.io je apbo Ha upeceKy MpKO h.ih ayro-MpRO. 

Oa E03HHX Mpa3eBa cipaAajy HOBa TRO&a, a 113- 
Mefyy obhx HajoceT.LiiBHJH cy UBeT a poA- 

Itoiefyy CBeKO.iHKHX BOhaKa KoniTynane HaJBanie 
CTpaAajy oa Mpa3eBa, a Hapowro Kajcnje, 6pecKBe, 6a- 
AeM h opax. Mcto TaKo a KecreH. 

Kao npeAOXpana npoTBBy paHHX Mpa96Ba npeao- 
py x iyje ce npenme eofiaxa. Mnora sa oBaj upjb npe- 
nopyqyjy h otfBajaite BOhKHHa &%6a& ciaMOM, poroaoM, 
meBapoM hta., a.ia to mije Ao6po c Tora, uito co Bonne 
Ha Taj Ha i mn pasHeasaBajy h niTo ce Taue HaMaM&yjy 
Mnora HHceKTH, Koja y saBOJy npaBe cBOj'a rHe3Aa, ua 
ce TaKO, MecTO a-a ce c Boha-ira viMaibajy, n HeiOTH^HO 
Ha bhx HaMaM.i.vjy. 

Kao npeAOxpaHa npoTHBy no3eax upaaeBa npeno- 
pyqyje ce flUMJbeibe eoftam. 

Kao iuto je no3HaTO, MpaseBH ce jaB.Lajy irajqeiuhe. 
KaA cy hoIiii Be^pe. Oiui ce nojaua oojanraaBa tilmc, hito 
3eM.ta sa BpeMe TaKiix hohii iicnyiirra y MHoro ja'ieM 
CTynay TOiLioTy Kojy je o6AaH Aooii.ia oa cynn,a, Hero 
y ciynajy, KaA cy hohh o6^iaqne, na nera na.iaan. m cy 
o6.iaHH oa BcanKa 3Hanaja, a A a hx y npeAOxpaHa npo- 
THBy MpaseBa Ba*a CTBapaTH h Ha Benrra'iKii mniim n 
y npH-ianii, KaA nx He>ia, tj. KaA cy hohh BeApe. 

OceM Tora je hckvctbom AOKaaano, ^a oa MpaaeBa 
He CTpaAajy H3MpaAe 6n^.Ke 11 aaxoBii He-amn ^eaoBH, 



Hi: [A BO'KAKA O.')/ 



■yimaau ;;pami Hanfyy iioctyiiho na naix, n oupariio, 
Aa lane 6flAKe nperpne BOiaKy mrery, Ka£ ii]hi.iiik*om 
orpesaoa cyima cynqaHii 3pami ffenocpe^HO sa ibiix 
najHv. Ty nocTyiiHocT y aarpeBaity ii:?.\ip:unx ^eiosa 
IK'iy.niLiiy TaKotjc ou.iana. re je 11 pa£B Tora noipcoiio, 
Aa ce y Aotia, ka.\ cy Be^pe hoIlh, obh CTBapajy aa 
BenrraHKB naMim. To ce nocTB&e flSMJbe&eM uokiaa. 

Tora p&Ai Ba,i>a y BoLu»aBj mi bbibo aiecra 3ana- 
aiitb IjytfpeTa, myma>a h y oanrre Taiaix ifaTepBJa, Koje 
y ropeay jaKO AUMe, Aa ce oa ahmr aaqaaa ikia 36MA0m 
ihto rymKn noKpnBaq, hah 6o.be peha aewTwwu o6aclk. 

Aro 6e uji.io TaKiix Mecxa, Aa ce oraa> ae 6a 
Morao nara raio rAe je BOTpe6aH, aao ano je aap. 
TaaaB wy^aj n.JMe^y peAOBa MOKoKa, jep 6a ce a>ajie 
niije onrre'raTa, oaAa je Haj6o.be, Aa ce y aob- 
mi.Ma aa.ia aeqaeTO yjte, KaTpaH, cuoAa a Apyre aia- 
Tepije, Koje jaKO Anaie. .loaaa ce pa#B Tora ysAaray 

'oiiBCHe coje (ao.Le) bab joni 6ojt>e aaiiecTe ce Ha 

Ko.iima. Aa ce iiory apeaocflTB c jeAHor Mecra aa Apyro, 

.iuTiiM iianyiie iiaBeAemni MaTepnjaaia; a Aa 6a 

<♦' ABMa OpOH3BOABA0 y BIT0 Behoj K0AB4HHH, BaAuT y 

ii .ioiiau AQA&Ti a aenrro CTpyroTBHa. 

Im'apiix lmiiii upas ce jaiu.a oohmko aa KpaTKO 

BpeMe npe BSJiacsa cvimeBa, a to je E3iiel>y 4 a 5 i ia- 

eona Hsjyrpa, Te Bato a casio ^ontea»e oni.a f rpe6a no- 

ro BpeMe u npoayMTB ra j\o 7 qaeoBa, jep 

i ii I'.a.uyx BeK aarpejao, Te n MpaseBH 

uiiiM'-.iiiy. Oko ,ui.M.i.«'ii.a. sao ihto ce BiiAii, ne Tpeda 

yTpomiTB BHBie BpeneHa oa 2—4 gaca ah6bho, a 

c Tora ihto je <• npoAeha cBera 2—8 raKBa ,iana, 

ii;.i;i.r,i. ,i.;i ce caio ca 6 — 12 paAaax vacoBa Mory 

HHore BotiKe caqyBaTB oa upaaeBa h ,i,a mm ce o6e:*6eAB 

|h»1! i\ roiimy. 



358 BOTvKE H BOUE 



HapaBHO, a& cBe hito je noTpeCmo 3a OBaj nocao, 
Ba^a cnpeMHTH H3paHHJe, KaKO ce H3JyTpa oko Tora hh 
HaJMaae He 6h wryj6eao. 

Pa^H,a nojeAHHan,a y OBOMe je BHine MaH>e oa He- 
3HaTHa ycnexa, Te ce 3aTO H3HCKyje ycTa^aniTBO cbhx 
npHBpeAHHKa ; a kopmcth Koje oa TaKor pa/i,a HMajy h 
nojeAHHHH n 3CM^a oa^ho Ha^iaaiy A a AHM&ei&e 6yAe 
h o6aBe3aH nocao 3a CBaKor no&onpHBpeAHHKa. 

Ako ce npnMeTH 4a cy Ha bohkh H3Mp3.aH Kaon 
WAOze, Ba^a hx yooBHTH 40 3ApaBHX A^OBa, na Bene 
paHe upeMasaTH bockom hjih (mrtom oa CMOHnne h ro- 
Be^e 6a^iere. 

rpad (Tyqa). y KpajeBHMa r^e rpaa qenihe na^a 
Moate oceivbHBHJMM BokKaina 4a ce npn^nHH noBeLa mTeTa. 
Ka# je Ty x ia y BeKoj inepn, MOJKe oa6bth ejivl omieTHTH 
h ohc rpaHHnue, Koje 6h ao roAHHe poAH^e, na ce TaKO 
h Ha 6ep6y Boiia He jioate pa^yHara hh j\,o roAHHe, a 
y H3BecHHM npn^HKaMa TaKBa ce nrreTa Mose npeHeTH 
h Ha BHine roAHHa. j\n,Jbe moikc rpaA oniTeTHTH .innilie, 
Koje je noTpe^HO 3a npaBH.iHO ncxpanHBaite h pa3BH- 
jaH>e BOhaKa, 3Rthm KdaA} Kopy, koa Koje Bene m^h 
Man,e pane aiory 6hth hoboa pa3HHM 6o^iecTHMa 7 a Koje 
necTO Mory AOBecra y nM\me h can aiHBOT BonaKa. 

BncoEe bohkc Hnje'MoryhHo oa rpa^a hhmhm 3a- 
uiTntiaBaTH, a uncKe Mory ce saK-zhmaTH c jyatne CTpaHe 
(jep ca OBe CTpaHe rpaA Hajnemhe Han^a3H) rpan»eM, 
TpiteM hta. 

Mhofh npenopyqyjy A a rpa^oM oniTeheHe A^iOBe 
Tpe6a o^cehu omTpHM Hoatei, na paHy npeMasara bo- 
ckom; a.0 to je norpenino, jep paHe ^ajieKO Teate 3a- 
pamhyjy, Ka^ ce npejiaffiy bockom. Me^ymM, Ka^ ce 
npeMaaty d^iaTOM oa CMOHHne h roBe^e 6a^iere ( 2 / 3 cmo- 
HHHe h y da^iere), 3apaiHhHBaH>e je ^aqko noBO^Hnje. 



HErA botvaka 359 



ttoBpe^eHY Kopy He Tpe6a yK.iaH.aTii. aok He aaysipe, 
a hh y koi ciyqajy npe, aok He npot^e 6ap qeTBpT 
roAMHe, jep ce hoa thkbom KopoM CTBapa o6nqHO Apyra 
HOBa Kopa, h y TaKOM ce ciyqajy 3aApacaBaH>eM dape 
Hope 3HaTHO noTHOMaace 3apamliHBaH>e paHe. 

oapamiiHBafte paHa Ha Aefoy h rpaMMa Bpmn ce 
caMO oa cetfe y to,ihko Gpate, y kcvihko HMa BHine M.aa- 
iapa na bohkh, Te 3aTO koa BOhaKa omTehennx rpa^OM 
ne Tpe6a upeAyaUiaTi CKpH,HBaH>e h yoaH»aH,e cyBHniHHX 
M.ia^apa h Apyrnx aeaoBa, h.ih 6ap Ba^a OBy pa^ay 
cBedH Ha naJMaihy Mepy. II3 hcthx pa3.iora He Tpe6a 
iiMani hh npope^HBatbe rpaHa y KpyHH CBe AOTjie, 
AOi pane He 3apady tfap HaJBeknM amom. 

BohKe Koje cy rpa^oM jaKO onrrehene, Te cy c Tora 
CKopo h HeynoTpe6.LnBe, Tpe6a HOAM.iaAHTH c jeceHH h^ih 
na npo^ehe. Obo norviaBHTO Baxn 3a jiaaAO ja6yqHnne 
h 3a KpyHe bhcokhx BoLaica, koa kojhx cy HO^O^IHa 
OKH,a, M.ia^apH h ^eTopacTii ocTajin nepoAHH, Kao h 3a 
BotKe Koje ce ffieae raJHTH y o6.iHKy bhcokhx BoKaKa 
;i koa kojhx je Kopa rpaAOM hae cacBHM onrreheHa h^h 
jano Hasapa^eHa. 

fja. \ iLianinicKini h j-ie3aK40ftenBM nojioasa- 
jn.Ma qecro BOhKe naTe h oa jai.-nx seTpoBa h o^yje, 
a HapowTO \in,\ je u dmnhe na r.olii.-ajia, jep Ta^a 

bi HaiLiase na Behy noBpnuray. Bgtpobh OM.iaTe 

11 to y toahko mi me, y kcihko cy jaqn h y ko- 

f >\ 11 if iij 11 : a tocto c poAou oM.iaro h poAHe 

rpaiinie, na i n<)j«M,iiiic rpane. 1I<> kojh iivt je BeTap 

ii;i;i;;ih. ,i;i BOlKJ ir:i'.;i,iM H H3 Kopcna. 

BotiKe m;mi,<' naTe oa odyje, 

fl|M'Iloj.y'l I I cr m;i t;ii;iim KOCTHHa r,\ ]y oc|»i',i,ii,e 

• • BoiiKe ca yspoAOM, ,i,.i ce ca crpaHe 
i'.;i_jy BerpoBi sacaae upHe Toncae", 11 &a ce 



360 BOUKE H BOTIE 



BoJiKe noAynnpy. Ako cy npn CBesi tom Kaoe rpaHe 
no^OM.Lefle, Ba&a paHe npeMasaTH CLiaTOM 04 CMOHHHe 
h roBet>e da^iere ; a aKO cy paHe Be^iHKe, Ba^a hx npe- 
MasaTH KaTpaHOM, na3eHH npn tom 4a KaTpaH 6y^e no- 
Aa^eKO op, Kope, KaKO je He 6h onrreTHO. 

Cnez. Ako CHer 3aAecn boLkc jom aok je Anmhe 
Ha BHMa, a npn tom na^He h y no^etf-fteM caojy, 
iioate cbojom TejKHHOM ikmomhth MHore ciadnje rpaHe. 
Y TaKOM wy^ajy h HHane y CBano aooV KaA je y k])yhh 
noBHiiie CHera, Hapowro koa BOhana c rycTOM KpyHOM, 
Ba^ba CHer hito *iemhe dpecaTH h rpaHe HOAynspaTH ; 
a aKO ce h OB^e oniTeTH Koja rpaHa, Tpe6a c h»om ho- 
CTynnTH Ha hcth Ha^HH Kao h c rpaHaMa Koje cy CTpa- 
Aa.ie oa oayje. 

15. SanrrakaBa&e Bokaiea oa HenpujaTe^a h 60- 
^LeoTH. /l,a ce BotiKe ihto 6o^e pa3BHJajy h 4a OTy^a 
hito 6om KopncTe, HOTpedHO je a& ce c h>hx yoaitajy 
h cbh ohh HenpnjaTejLH kojh hx niTeTe Ma y qeM\ 11 
Aa hm ce y ciynajy, aKO ce noKaaty KaKBe tfoaecTH, 
yKaate oAMax h noTpedHa Hera. Kojh cy BaiKHHJH He- 
npnjaTe^H BOhao h BoKa, h oa kojhx oo^ecrn naie 
BoiiKe, h niTa npoTHBy h>hx Tpe6a npeAy3eTH, noMGHyTO 
je y Aa^eM OAe^Ky. 




XV 
HEIIPHJATEM BOMKA H BOTiA 



.V o.u'.i.ky .. Iffia BOka&a" HaBc.in cmo, #i BoiiKe 
\ TOKy n.iixoua iiBOTa n;i.i>a :;;tniTiihaBaTfl h o f \ paa- 
.iiuihiix iifii])iijaTt'.i,a, jep yc.km, ]>a:;nnx HesrpAa, Koje 
obh npii'iiiH.aBaj) BotiKana, uory y BotuaMa i,a ce H3a- 
30BJ more dieme, aa ca thus omcui'm u iipaBiMHO 
jiabaiM'. ii.iii AOB6CTH y OHTa%6 n cau h,hxob oilCTa- 
nai;. e noTpe^HO j\a Ha obom Meciy noKaatejio 

OA KOJH HiMijmja r*\i,a BoliKe uaJBinne naTe n niTa npo- 
tubv u,iix I'.a.i.a iipe r i,y;jii.MaTH. 

BoiiKti Hie jia'iynajyKH OB^e h A03y) n.uajy uiionix 

CBOJHI H''IIpIljaTtM,;i. a. Ill li:',M»'l)Y PBHX Iia JBM/RHHJH Cy : 

4<mafia croKa, z/toAapu, 6y6e } uuue, moTaeitu, nj- 
. sd/m u, Mpaeu, jn.hr w cremate. 

1. JnMiilin CTOKa. Il:iM»'l,y .loMal.e CT0K6 BeAHIlJ 
iiiii'T} mmiv iipH'iiimiTif nol.Kaua COBO^a, ROM, OBU,e, 
a napo'iuiiM £036, jep BpjlO paflO ;',ai;n,i,ajy (6pCT6) M.ia.v, 

Bokse, a h Kopj mm ry.ic : aa §aT0 sa minia Mn-Tii.ua, 

aoca^eHe BoLne nose omreTHTH, rpetfa oro 

BoLse do(Shtji ano je MoryiHO no rpa npHTKe, 

Ha : [M llllu HM.l.r .:,U|)||MTU. 



362 BCRKE H BOTvE 



2 TAO^apu. H3Me^y obhx HaJBamHHJH cy : 
3eueeu (ahbjbh h ehtomh). — Obh ce npeno 

3HM6 XpaH6 EOpOM Mjia^HX BOtaKa H TOY TOAHKO BHHie, 

y kojIhko je Kopa loafya h coHHnja. Oa h>hx HaJBnine 
cTpa^ajy jatfyne, HeniTO Man>e Kpynrce, a BajMaite Tpemite, 
BHmae, m^HBe, da/^eM, KecTeH h opax. Kopy ry^e Ha 
bhchhh oa 2 / 3 — 1 m. h KaKO BoliKe HanaAajy o6hhho 
y A*>()a KaA je CHer haw oa je x.iaAHO, paHe necTO 
to^ihko 03e6y, a& nocie Bpjio TemKO 3apamiiyjy, a necTo 
cy TaKBe paHe hoboa n pa3HHM 6ojiecTHMa. 

IIpoTflBy 3eqeBa Haj^o^e je cpe^CTBo BaibaHa 3a- 
rpa^a, a Taiio r^e OBe HeMa, Haj6o^>e je ynoTpetfnTn 
KpeneH>e boLio, kojom ce npn^HKOM Merae y Kpen KpBM, 
cmpaahbhx yjsa (pn6^>e iiacTH, Asa-foetida hta.)> nH_ 
uiTeBHHe eae .fcyACKMX H3MeTa. KaTpaH Hnje noAecan. 
Ha Cfly^aj, a& ce Koje cpeACTBO oa HaBeAeHnx yno- 
Tpe6n caio 3a ce, Tpe6a H»HMe BOHKy npeMa3ara ao 
BHCMHe, AOKjie je 3e^eBH Mory onueTHTH. 

Ako cy 3eqeBH omnTEAE KaKBy BotiKy (o/i. 199) 
h aKO je Kopa ory&eHa maite oa no^iOBHHe, Ba^a HoateM 
na^^HBO yMa^aTH HBnne Kope Ha noBpefyeHHM MecTOia, 
na 3aTHM u,ejiy paHy o6ao^ete (JjiaTOM oa CMOHHije n 
roBeije 6a^ere (necTO ce A<WJe e nene^a). KaA ce c 
noBpe^eHHM BOhKaina oBaKO ypaAH, e to npe Hero ce 
paHa cacyniH, H3a3Bake ce cTBapaae hobc Kope h BotiKa 
ke ce cnacTH. A aKO je c BokKe oryjLeHa Kopa Bnnie 
oa nojiOBHHe, hito ce Moate AecHTH n koa Bennx BokaKa, 
KaA je CHer noAe6.&H, OHAa BOhKy Tpe6a npeKpaTHTH 
AO noBpe^eHor MecTa, na KpyHy o6pa30BaTH H3 Haj- 
CHaatHHJer M3AaHKa (bhah „ IIoAM^a^HBafte BOhaKa H3- 
AaHHHMa"). 

Boayapu (Hypudeus terrestris). — Bo.iyapH cy 
Hena BpcTa MMmeBa, Henrro cy Bekn oa hoackhx mh- 



HEnPIIJATE.bll BORAKA 



363 




meBa, oa kojhx ce pa3.iHKyjy y tomg, iiito cy Mpne 
6oje, inTO dm je r.iaBa OKpyrviacTHJa, dito HMajy Kpakn 
pen n dito npaBe xo^HflKe 
npH^inKe Kao n Kpuma. 
BotKa.Ma Haiioce jaKj urreTy, 
jep Harpn3ajy noBpnme aiH^e, 
na qecro n BpaT BotiKe (ci. 
199), 3(>or wa ce BokKa 
lie pa3Bflja npaBH.iHO, a \m r \ 
je oniTeTe y Bekoj Mepa, OH^a 
uuiiqHO n cacBHM npona^ne. 
Urn npn.iniia r^e cy BO^y- 
api ynponacTH.m n TaKBe 
Bokse 04, 30 — 40 ro^HHa. 
Haj.iaKme ce TaMaHe 
TpoBftftev. PgA> Tora Ba.&a 
naTonnm nmeHnue oh ce- 
MeHa o.\ KpacraB&na, 6\\\- 
1 inn naj^a/i, ROMa^iAe 
iuaprapene y pacTBop dpiix- 
Hiina. 11a :;;itjim, iioiuto ce 
ifrje, .mi'thvtii y 

•iiikc Kpo3 Koje npo.ia3e 

lyapi. Ii<» He fin iniao 
••TjiiixiniFia . lose Bo^yape 
fii" mi'iiniy) aobhth 

y mmOjiOBse n.in y jiOEHfi. 
V umojiOBKe Mt'hv ce sao ri - 1!,:i - QoBpeae <u se^Ba 

, (n:uia,i i;n;iT;i itohKe), BOJlVSpa 

lanau KOiraAHtH maprapene H MEmei £ ( HC no4 Bpaia BoLe). 

If.lH CpHO 0,1. CJl.liiTi'. Ii'.-M, 

ce ae.ie ynoTpetiHTH .iohiiu. rpetfa oBe yiconaTB y seM&y, 
i,;i MiujiiM .ioiiii;i Mv.1.0 Bemro rasa 0,1, noBpmrae ^eMybe, 

10 D040BHH6 B .loll.'ill, (kojb Tpe6a 




364 BOUKE II BOUE 



Aa je noBehn) noKpnTH rayniaeM. Kafl ce x^opHH Kpeq 
H3Menia ca 3eM£OM, -on^a ce, Be./ie, ainnieBH Mory Ha 
^yjKe 406a OTepaTH H3 BotaitKa. 

UojbCKu Miiweeu. H obh, Kao h BO-iyapn, Ha- 
rpi3ajy 'amav BOhana (ca. 199). EpoTUBy h>hx Haj- 
6oa>c je iiaTanaH>e MTa y pacTBop CTpHXHHHa, eae 
Aa ce pastfanyjy KyMHne cnpa, y kojemr HMa no 
Majio $ocoopa. 

3. By6e. O4 6y6y HajnrreTHHJe cy: 
TyHfitJb (Melolontha vulgaris, ca. 200). IIlTeTH 
BoJiKe Kao caBpuieH HHceKaT (6y6a) n Kao hj)b (./lapBa). 
Kao caBpnieH HHceKaT jaBJba ce y anpn.ay n Majy 
o6hijho c BeqepM, na y to 406a h o6hob 6pcTU M.ia/1,0 
AHiutie pa:MHMHHx .iHiiikapa, a Hapo^HTO KOiirryHHua. 
Ta^a 0,3, npH.iHKe ,ieTH 3a 8 — 14 /^a, aok ce He 
cnapn ca raeiiKOM, h Ka^ to 6y^e, nyagait o&mx ymie, 
a 5KeHKa ce 3apBJe y 3eM&y 3a 18 — 20 cm. Ay6oKO, 
tj[q CHece 30 — 40 pHt)0-atyTBx jaja y Be^HMHna co- 
MHBa, na saTHH n ona yrBHe. Iloc^ie 3 — 4 He^e^e 

H3Aa3fl H,pB KOJH JKHBH y 36H4>H 3 — 5 TO/I,HHa, H 3a 

CBe to BpeMe CTpamHO caTBpe a^H.ie BonaKa, TaKO #a 
smore h nponaAHy. IU're'ra je y to^hko Beta, bito ce 
Ha jinnihy He jaB.ta wymAO h,ih yBe^ocT y mcto BpeMe 
KaA cy weav HarpnseHe, Beh <i,OHHHJe, r re cy c Tora h 
cpe^cTBa npoTHBy H,era ojy caatfe KopncTii. 

By6a je Be.iHKa 04 npiLiHKe 2 cm. Te.10 joj je 
Ma&aBO n H,pBO, a hhhhh, Bore h hooobhh puljacTe 
6oje. IIhdhh cy Ha Bpxy paniBpeBH y bh/ij jienese. Iioj\ 
noooniUHMa cy npaBa h OHHacTa Kpoa, a na Kpajy 
Tpoyxa HMa caBHJeH Bin^aK. 

Uj)bbh je npBe ro,pHe Bp^o m&ae. Apy r <>r .aeTa 
jaspacre 3a 2 — 2*5 cm., a -A^6eo je Kao rymie nepo. 



HEnPIIJATE.T.11 BO'KAKA 



36! 



Tpekei .iera. ai;o ey noBO.LHe noro^e, fl3pacro iiot- 
nyHO, ho otfnuHO nopad nocTHate tgk 4 — 5 ro r \mie. 
Ta.ia je ,iyr;uiaK 4 — 5 cm., a w6eo Kao nnca.LKa 
( n.iiiJBii3). 3a cBe Bpeiie aok je y 36m.lh npecB^a^n ce 




* -'■-;■■ ■ :■ 

npeo6paxe&e i opiipoAHa hciiimiiiui). rope 

: ll S6HI :u'M.I.lt ,i,i!;i upitil lui. )(',l.uil 

"i pasBBJeH, ii y % i-.iy. c AecHe CTpaHe, *aypa. 



line ii',;i ii\t;i. na C6 3aTIM Y'lavpn, ;i .lYTKa 

.1HMH l,Mi-T;i ||;i uVuV. If ,l,|>\T<>r;i |[|n».K'l,;i ||:;.ia:{ll K;i<> 
piII6Hfl HHC6KJ 



366 



BOUKE H BCRE 



/^a ce OBaj mTeTO^HHa yiaMaHH, HOTpe^HO je sa- 
je^HH^Ka pa^ita, yApyJKene h BoLapa h eKOHOMa, jep 
TaMaHH h yceBe, noBpke, ^i03y h mysiy. Haj^aKiue je 
TpedHTH ra Kao caBpmeHor HHceKTa, 6y6y. ryH^e^n cy 
o6mmio H3JyTpa Ha ApBeky, Te ce .iaKO Mory OTpecaTH 
n nora3HTH, eak hotohhth y Bpe.iy BOAy, a Mory ce 
AaTH e mbhhh h CBHH>aMa. UpoTHBy ryHAe^a noMa;Ke 
h nrro 6o£>e o6pafyaBaH>e 3eirAe, a y pacaAHHKy CMaTpa 
ce Kao ^.odpo cpe^CTBO h cejaite ca^aTe h iipKBe, oko 
^hjhx ce jKHJia paflQ CKyn^ajy, na ce ^iaKO TaMaite. 

Pouait, poeait (Gryllus gryllotalpa, ca. 201). 
H OBa je 6y6a Bp^io inTeTHa, jep y 36M&H npaBH boao- 




Ca. 201. Ponau (npapo/ 



paBHe xoahhkc, h tom hph^hkom noArpH3a atoe M,iaAHX 
BotaKa, a Hapo^nrro y pacaAHHKy. 3Khbh y somae h 
cna,3,a y HOHHe atHBOTHfce. /]jra i iaK je 5 cm., 6oje je 
MpKe, h no H»eMy cy KaAnoacTe, a Ha CTpaataeM Aejiy 
h ab^ noAy^e AJiaKe. Ha npeAftHM HoraMa bhao ce 

ILfcOCHaTH HpCTH C jaKHM 3ynn,HMa, KOJHMa pHje 36MAy. 

HoTeate ra je TaMaHHTH, a Kao Ao6po cpeACTBo 
3a TaManeae CMaTpa ce yKonaBaae .lOHaija 3a 3 — 5 cm. 
hchoa HOBpniHHe 3eMAHHe. y .lOHue Tpeda csnaTH 3a '/ 4 
BOAe (h6kh AOA^jy h Majio TepneHTHHa), a Ao6po ce 
rone h cnnaH>eM BOAe, Koja je HOMeuiaHa c neTpojieyMOM, 
y, ftnxoBe xoAHHKe. Haj6o^be h y HaJBeLoj nepir TaMaHe 



IJEriPIIJATE.bH BOTiAKA 367 

ce. Ka^ ce nponahy itnxoBa me3Aa y xoAHnnnflia, a OBa 
<e n .iai;o HaxoAe, jep cy OKpyMa n noBeka ; y n>HMa 
■oxe 6iti no 200—300 jaja. 

4. Enne (piuanm). Obo cy Bene h.ih Man>e 6y6e 
11 y onune CBe niKO,i,.tnBe, jep hm ce jaja Mory nalin 
y CBEMa nii.i.iui.M r i,o.ioBiiMa, na qeoro h y HaJTBpfynin, 

a HillXOBH 6e3HOiKHH UpBHtiH HOpynie 3aTHM CBe Te Ae- 

HeKe ce xpaiie sope&eM n CTa6.ion, Hene yinniheM 
h HHeliOM. a neice poAOM. HajurreTHnje cy : 

Ja6yno6 utTOMuap (Bostrichus niali). Tojena.ia 

6y6a Roja shbb y EopB jaoyna, KpyniaKa, niAHBa n 

Apynix BohaKa : Ke.iiiKa je */ s cm.; KpiLia cy MpKO- 

upuena : r.iaBa je npna n Kao a& bhch, jep je BpaT 

cpa3MepH0 AyraqaK : iqniiiK je deo h upBenKacr ca r.aaB0M 

-'Hiije uoje. — Hajnpe ce yBpTii y .iiikv. ooh^ho 

iijui Bpxy ApBeia, 11 ry npeaiMi. JKenKa ua npo^ieke 

jaja y naunibeHOM xoahiikv, na nrjBHhn, Kojn ce 

>po n;;.it'ry. npoAy*e oymeu.e .nme Ha cbc CTpane, 

11 raKO npii'iiiiie bcuiiky nrrery, jep npoyapoKyjy hcth- 

:0Ba. 4,aje 6y(5a y ApBeiy, nosnaje ce no cipy- 

rOTHHaiia ncnpeA OTBopa u no ncninaiby coKOBa. 

HajrioAe ce TaMOHH na jierady shijom, hah jom 

rapese gajeAHO c e>hm u pana npe- 

ikom : CTapy Kopy Tpetia noKynnTii n cna^HTn. 

\fiii",;! iAnthonomuspomorum,CA. 202). 

iKa je 0*5 cm. a d.uny toahko uinpoKa, 6oje je 
gpKe, «• o»'.iiim iirnrroM : pii.iiin,a je Tain:a n Ayraraa. 
Il.piinh je B&MtaGT, np.i.ai'.o-.li'o c KpKO-ayTHM mapa.Ma 
11 upHOM r.iaii'»M : AyrasaK je oko 0*5 cm. 2KeHKa nocn 
jaja y perae ayno&ge jatiyse (y aupii.iy) raKO, as y 

no jeAHO jaje. Qowtkom naja 
ii.;iii;y upHiihn. kojh sanaAHj na peT. llj'.t'i' :$6or 'rora 



368 BOUKE H BCRE 



Ao6nje MpKy 6ojy, ckobp i ih ce n yBeHe, na 3ajeAHO 
c ApBnkeM onaAHe na 3eM&y. ^hm to 6yw, H.pBnli ce 
sapnje y dmjbj h oko no^OBHHe Maja 3aBnje ce y 
atyhKacry ^aypy, na H3 OBe nocie 8 /j,aHa wswty Kao 
caBpineH HHceKaT — nnna. Ilnna ce ao 3HMe xpaHH 
Ha'M^ia^HM jiHintieM, Koje y ocia-ioM MHoro ho ourreTH, 
na ce 3a r raM cKpnje noA rppBy, KaMeH hah y nyKOTnne 
Kope n Ty npe3HMn 7 a y anpoy ateHKa no cnapHBaity 
CHece no 40 — 50 jaja n OBe y^oatn y noMeHyra u,ReT. 

IIlTeTO^nHy OBor 
'reniKO je TanaHHTH Ha 

BHCOKHM BOhKaiia, KRA 

^je Kao caBpmeH HHce- 

Ka-r, xe je 3aro no- 

TpeoHO, a* ce 0A.iy6- 

&yje dapa KOpa, h a^ 

t, W w ^8^ ce H2Ua86 h ocra.ia 

c CKAOHHuiTa v Kojmia 

iiiiiio. c KpymaoBa nana. npe3HJLb)je. a 6 10 ipe 

oa cKyn.LaTH h cna.j.Ji- 
Bain ona.ie nBeTOBe. KaA je BotiKa OKpeneHa, OH#a ce 
nepaAO CKpHBa y nyKOTHHe Kope. 

KpywKOea uuua (Anthonomus piri). Cinema je 
jadyKOBoj nnnn, a h na hcth humbh nrreTH nBe'rue ny- 
no.LKe, na ce c Tora TaMann Kao h jatfyKOBa nnna. 

/KyflKacTo-3eM'Ha ja6yno6a uuua (Rhynchites 
auratus) h pyMena ja6yi;oea uuua (R. baccus). JaB- 
.tajy ce y npo.iehe, a,iH rame Hanoce T6K oa jyna. 
TaAa Ha6ymyjy 3e.ieH poA ja6yKa h KpymaKa h y h, 
no,iajKy CBOJa jaja. IJpBHh npoAyM 6yineB>e po^a npeua 
KyiiHi^n h Ty ce Hacraira aok Tpaje ceMena, jep ce n»EMe 
Hcxpan>yje. Poa 36or Tora ona^He npe BpeaeHa, h KaA 
to 6yAe, nrjBHh ce 3apnje y 3eM&y, t^ ce n yqaypn. 




HEIlPllJATF.bli BOHAKA 369 

Be.mKii 6poj obhx nniia Mexe ce iiOTaMainrrn, koa 
ce Kpaje.M iaja crpecajy 11a Mapmaue n yuiijajy. Ila H 

peja crpecaTB h OAMax ra /uu;a'ni cBiui.a.Ma, tg 
Taso nnne iieKe imam BpeMOHi sapHTB re y seM.ty. 

ULbueoea uu.ua (Rhynchites cuprous). 2RoHKa 
na upo.ielie iioch no je r i,H<> jaje y mwvuq m.MiBe, Tpemite, 
Biinnte u Kajciije, na TOM npHJilKOM BarpH30 neTe&Ky, 
,\-d poj ona r vie npe BpoMena. Ona/uie 04 npiMHKe nocae 
6 Ht'.u'.i.a. y-ipaBo OH^a Ka f T, ce .uipBa pa3BHJe. Tlana 
je upBCHKacra 11 o6pa&&a chbhji Havana. I^pBnii je 6eo 
c upHOM r.iaBOM. Ka£ poA ona^He Ha geM&y, upbhL 




C.i. 203. ^leiuiiiiKu]). 

ii:uil,t'. gapige ce \ soma; h tj ce yiaypn. a Apyr° ra 

npo.U'ha jaiu.a C€ KaO CaBpfflOH HHCeK.rr. 

DpoTHBj OBor !HT"T<>'iniie [jpenopy*!yje ce cipeca^e 
inma c Botana, a aajtioAe H3jyrpa. TaMaHe ce n npe- 
Konaiiaftei bomao okoao BoiuiKa 

uHwcap (Balaninus oucum, m. 203). Oba imna 

.1 BB6 .]"HlHilKf\ v CBaBOM HO je^HO. Il,|tr.il!i 

.! |i\. ,1 j jnvii nporpBae tbpaj &ycKy, sa- 

1 !.;. . rv ce 11 yiaypii, a ,V» POAHH6 HBH^O 
ai'.jinicii Miio-KiiT. ,l,yi;iMi;a je 6 MM., (foje je hibo- 



370 BCRKE H BOUE 



MpKe, noKpiBeHa je rycraM A-aaqHijaMa, a nnnnH e Hore 
6oje cy pHi>o-n,pBeHe. Pnaima je Bp.10 TaHKa c Ko^e- 
HH^acrMM nflni],HMa e totobo je tojihko ^yra^Ka Kao e 
caMa 6y6a. /l,a ce yTaMaHH, Tpe6a 36npaTH ii.pB.foHB poA 
e npeKonaBara 3eMAy oko^o BokaKa. 

5. iMOTaBD.H, To cy na.an e o6h<iho Hajjienura ./ien- 
TnpHtiH, qaje ryceHnne (upbh) atoe eae y poAy eae y 
^nmtiy BokaKa e ^pyror ApBeka (nna e TaKBnx kojh mem 
y ByHeHHM xa-foHHaiia, KoatycHMa, nepjy, ^htv hta., Hy th 
ce y ofeHOM ffiHBOTy 30By MOJbt^u). HajmTeTHHJH cy: 





Ci. 204. Ja6yKOB CMOTaBan. 

Ja6yKoe CMOTaeau (Carpocapsa pomonella eae 
Tortrix pomonana, ci. 204). ^hhh nrreTy jadyKaMa 
h KpyniKaMa, jep ce s6or H>era H,pB./i>a poA obhx bo- 
kaKa. CBOJa jaja hoch y saaieTaK ja6yKe e Kpynme. 
Eoo/ie 8 A^Ha H3H^e rycemma (H.pB), Koja ce yBpTH y 
poA, na ce E>nMe e xpann. Pyna, Kpo3 Kojy je nponMa, 
Aonnnje TaKO 3apacTe, a& ce CKopo e He npraeiiaBa. 
y aBrycTy H3.aa3H H3 poAa, ocTaB.foajykH 3a co6om Be- 
aeke otbop c MpKHM npaniKOM. KaA H3H^e, 3aBnje ce 
y 6e./iH i iacTy nay^BHy y nyKOTHHaaia Kope hta. e y tom 



HEIIPHJATEJbH BCRAKA 



371 



Oraffiy iijte^iiMiL a y aiipiny 11.111 ifajy Apyrora npo.ietia 
yqaypfl go. Oa ii.era rrpa.ui o6h?ho iiaj.ieniiie Boke. — 
.leninp n;ua;ui y jyiiy ua Ma.ie n ayTO-MpKe qaype. 
IIp.UH.a cy My i:piua pi^o-ciBa C m})ko-ciibhm noiipeMtuni 
npyraua. Cmua y iioliiie .leirnipe. TyceHHi^a je AyraqKa 
2 W. ii ;K\ro-npHena. r.iaiia je atyro-MpKa. Tpyu jc 
iiar. a G&Mo obao OH^e c noHeKOM /viaMimoM. 

r l,a ce niTeTOMHiia nponai>c u yraiiaHH, r rpe6a OAr 
.iv".i,iiBaTii ii cua.LiiHaTii eTapy K'opy c BokiKa H boKko 

11IT0 6p&6 MJHT1ITII, a II 36apaTH I^pBAHBH p0£. 

IILbueoe cMOTaean (Tor- 
trix ii.iii Carpocapsa ftinebrana, 

: 05). < \\ QBor cMcraBua ra.LHBe 

upB.biiBe. JaB.ta ce y Majy 

ii.iii jyny h to y Beqe, o6hmho 

no Bj»xoBiiMa rpana. BtuiiKii je 

5 mm., a \m f \ pa ill up ii Kpe^a, 

1 2 mm. : tmo mv je TaiIKo, 

Ml ,V J UpH. Ha Ilp<\T,II>HM 

Kpii.niMa iiMa no j»\uiy <V.iy Ta'ii;y. 
a DO i i:'M\r. ili<Mii;a 

raece no on.ioljeiby no je^ao jaje 
piho iiaJKpyiiiuijii po,i. 
(qemte h y sajcvie), na mum ce 

■ Oji.205. [IUhbobc 

upBHii HSJiese, yi'.p'ni ce y poA n lf;iII# 

C IWIM pane. A0K pO/| CKOpO &e 

y;',jiu, ii Bl p'»i Hiia.uic na :{eMAy, nm> dnua 

paffllje <M m.i.UBa KOJe BHCy iipB.uiBe, HpBiil. jr.Mii.ui 
ii yMaypu C6 ] HyKOTHHe R0p€ ,i,pr.<'Ta, OMOTaB 66 

loje. 

Ta\iaiiii C6 '•i;\ii.i.aii.<'M <nia.iii\ n oip.'can.cM npii- 
&HBHX m.i.ni'.a, .mI'ium <M,iyo.i,ni?aii,<'M nape KOpe n Kp«- 
lOkaKH. 




V 



372 



BOUKE M BOUE 



6. ryceHnn.e (jienTHpn)o Mory upnqflHHTH HaJBety 
urreTy, jep hx HMa Bp^o pa3jiHMHHX 7 Tano #a hx ina 
y cBaKO Ao6a, KaA je A&mhe Ha BOhKaiia, na 3aTHpykn 
OBaj nocBe BaasaH opraH AonpHHOce He crmo Aa ce BOHKa 
He pa3BHJa, Bet a ^a ^a^nx ro,pKa He pafya Kao ihto 
'rpeoa. HajiHTeTHHJe cy : 

Majiu Mpa3oeait (Cheimatobia brumata, C4« 206). 
AeuTupui^a oBora nrreTO*fflHe pa3./iHKyje ce 3HaTH0 

oj], jienTHpa, hito MMa 
Bp.io KpaTKa Kpoa, 
ynpaBO cano 6aApAflHe 
04 KpH.ua, r re 36or Tora 
He .ieTH Kao ny»jaK, 
boh ce Ha BOhKe ny3a 

Jr^ n jIgethph Myayaita 

BM^ajy ce 04 OKTofipa 
o6/i,aH Ha Apueiiy, .ni- 
nth y m uiynmy r^e mh- 
pyjy; a miA ce uoiMaiiie, 
.leie ziocxa Tpono h cie- 
Tajy m^AdKO oj\, Mecra 
vi,e cy MHpoBa^a. KaA 
ce CMpa^iH, HeniTO cy 
XHTpnJH. TaAa Tpame 
jienTHpHHe , Koje cy 
o6m i iho Ha A'JfoOJ cxpaHH npBMX rpaHa y KpyHH, ao ko- 
jhx ce ycny3njy, jep obc He ^eie, h r ry ce cuape. CBaua 
^enTHpfli^a cuece saTHM oko 250 Ayry^acTHx j a j a Ha 
nynoAKe hah y 6.M3HHH h>hxoboj. Hoch hx Ha Tpeinibaaia, 
jadyKaaia, KpyniKaMa, in.fcHBa.va, opacnva, .ieniHHH,HMa, 
pyataMa, jkhbhm orpaAava h pa3H0M nm6.i>y. ryceHHue 
mmnAQ H3 jaja howfkom npo^eha, a 6pcre ./iMiiihe 




Ci. 206. Ma^H MpasoJBaii;. MyayaK u 
seHKa. l Iaypa h rycemiiia na AHciry. 



HEnPHJATEJbH BCRAKA 3? 3 

CBfi ao jyna. K[\,\ ce Kpety, norptfe ce, kho sa£ 6b ce 
bito ne,i.i.tMi vepK/io. 

\ii\,\ je cynraa POAHHa, ryccHine nanpeAyjy oeo- 
tfiro Aotfpo : a uko je njio.ietie x.waho, Bp,io cy apo- 
■ApAHBe, jep r;ua. aa aeKOJiBKo tob^bjbx Aana, oilrre're 
roTOBO coe Byao.LKe. nyao.Laa ce Ta^a 36or XJia^BoLe 
l»a:!Riijajy Hp.io CBopo, r re 3a r ro ./mro aoA.ieray ryceBii- 
ua.Ma: MebyniM. aso je irpo.iehe tob.io, ayBOMja o^mqy 
y nopacry, Te ce raKO Aocra Ao6po caqyBajy oa yiih- 
iirren.a ryceniinaMa. 

r.V ee Ma.m Mpa:;o»au o.io.Mal.u, Ooaaao je Bp.io 
onacaH, jep »o*e oiecm boKkc y poahoctb 3a iunne 
r<»i::na. Ba iix mra BBrae a cacBBM yapoaacTBTB, aa- 
parao y .'.lY'iajy aso ce BHmra ae pa^B a& ce capo^ia 
y pa;jiuijaiby. 

yimiiiTaHaTn ce Moate aa Bame aauBHa. TaKo: 

1. C jeceaa, oa aBrycra ao o.Kro6pa, Tpetfa npe- 
KonaTM Bolkie y o6bmv Kpyne y ay^bbb oa 15 — 20 elf., 
a saTKM setty bito 6oJbQ yTa6aTa, a& ce Ba Taj Baqaa 
cnpeqi raiajcefte -/leaTapa B3 ^yrae, Koja je y 36MAB 

ro ii BOAytfoso. 

2. C Tora, bito ce ateaKe ay3ajy y3 A,e6A0, aok 
why y i.-pyiiy nohiinny, c Tora nrro KpaTKHX i.*pii.ia lie 

.li'ii'Tii. nory ce oae capeHBTa j\n Be <u,y y KpyBy, 

na n tom jipn.iiiKoM ii yiuiinTnTB. To ce BOCTBate O.MoTll- 

TaKO ana HUM A6WbU6UM UOJOCOM. 

3a <>i:aj nil.!, ua.i.a <>.], irpv i«- xap'nije (OA 0B6 88 

Baae) iia-nniimi aomapy TpaKy, aojac (y aiapinui 

3a 20—80 cm.) y bmbubs o&nia ,\e6j\n (ca. 207) 

m.ih y otflM] .nM',i;a (<m. 208), aa OBaj, boiiito ce 

yBexe, npempan (] Apyroi cjiyqajy iiniyiiirni) saoon 

A6BUB01 GM6G0X< 8<fol CM6C6 JienTHpMlU 4 nehe Mol.n 

iifM'l.n v npyi taro seie koLb bh cnapim 



37' 



BOUKE H BOUE 



c MyayaieoM ; a aKO n nopeA Tora noKyma to y^iHHHTH, 
3a./ieiiHke ce 3a .lenaK h yrHHyrn. 

ylenaK, HapoTOTO aKO je KaTpaH, He caie ce Me- 
TafH Henocpe^HO Ha Kopy, BeL. Ha nojac, xapTHJy; a 
#a ce .aenTMpHHa He 6n npoByoa hceoa nojaca, Ba^a 
3a HajieniTaae nojaca TpaaciiTH ihto paBHBje Mecro Ha 

&e6Ay mm ra HapoqnTO y^e- 
chth, tj. yrjia^HTH Kopy, 
ham myn&HHe echo a xapTHj'e 
HcnyHBTH (3aMa3aTfl) cmohb- 
uom. Ilpn HaMenmiH>y nojaca 
Tpe6a c Tora m3btb 4a uojac 
Ha ^eCx/io npnjierHe bito 6o^e. 
Ilojace OBe Tpeda Hajie- 
ctmth Haj^ajbe 40 no^iOBHHe 
OKTo6pa, jep ce xa^a Beli jaB- 
Aajy jienTHpn. 

AenaKa 3a OBaj hba una 
oji, BBBie Bpcra. TaKO : 

a) HajotaHHJn je .aenaK 
KaTpaH. KbHMe Tpe6a npe- 
Ma3aTH nojac, Ka# ce npn- 
^BpcTH 3a a,q6ao ; na ^ihm ce 
npflMCTH AaHHJe .lenjLHB, no- 
jac npeiaa3aTH uohobo. 
6) AaneHOM yyby Ba./ba 40- 
^aTH y KyBaay 04 npn^HKe Ha 1 Krp. 50 rpaivia KOJio$OHHJe 
a KyBaTH ,a,OK ce CMeca He srycHe, na obom, noniTO ce 
MXA&Aji, HaifasaTH nojac. Cjieca ce 0Ba Moate jiaKo 
3ana^iBTH, aiio je yxBaTn nyiasieH ; na je 3aT0 Tpeda 
cnpaBjLaTH Ha asapy h cBaKojaKo BaH Kyne. 

b) Tpe^a xyBaTH 5 Krp. penH^ma yjta c 1 Krp. 
CBHH)CKe MacTH, #ok Ko^in^HHa He yBpn 3a je^Hy TpeiiHHy, 




Oa. 207. Aen- 

jibHBH nojac, 

paBan. 



Oa. 208. Aen- 

ibHBH nojac, y 

BiiAy aeBKa. 



HEnPIIJATEJbH BOHAKA 375 



na aaTHM y3 HenpecTaHO Meinaite aoajith 1 Krp. rycTor 
TepneHTHHa n 1 Krp. KOjio*OHHJe, n, ki\.\ ce meca 3rycHe 
n ncx.ia,\n, opeHasaTH n>OMe nojac. CMeca je 3anaAHBa. 

n Tpetia syBara 500 rpava oe^e cMo^e ca 400 
rpaxa creapHHCKa y.i.a. na y ecyBa&y ^o^ita 400 rpaMa 
CBBitCKe Marrn H JienKOM, Ka r i, ce acx-ia^H, npeMayam nojac. 

,1,1 Jlojac na.La npeMmTH JienKOM o r i, nwejie, Ha 
none r u*ua xBarajy HTHne (Hem.LHKape, niTflMHn;e). 

1 1 Ma 3a OBaj nn.L n Haponmnx JienaKa, Kojn cy 

y TproBHHH no3HaTH hoa hmchom Brumataleim (^enaK 

3a Mpa30Bne), a kojh ce OAAHityjy THMe, mTO 3a ^yace 

i^P'-KaTii .len.LiiBOCT. Hy c Tora, mTO cy 

tepHO cKvim, ne Tpase ce 6or 3Ha koahko. 

3. H .leninpe (MyayaKe) je AOCTa jmko TaMam™. 
iejtii Tpe6a h&iosbth BaTpnije Ha Bnme MecTa, 

na he ce noTajiaHHTH MHorn ^eninpn, jep ohm, Kao n 
cbh hoLhh .leirnipH, Tpqe pa^o Ha cneT.iocT. Ha Taj 
Ha'iun cnpeqnne ce n paaiiHOJEaBai&e OBora niTeio^HHe. 

4. TyceHflne je TeniKO TaMannTH, Hapo*inTO c bh- 
conx BOhaKa. Jcahiio Ka^ ce npnMCTe y Benoj koah- 
i innn, Ba.La nx, r r i,e je to MoryhHO, CTpecaTH y qapmaBe 
ii.iii noH>aBe, na B&TH1 'nuiaHHTH, H3rH>ewrn. 

Aa ryceHHue He 6h mTeTH^e nyno-LKe na BajoicaMa 
(KJueMrpainiiiiniMa), npenopyqyje ce npeMaaoaifce ny- 

a BokaperaM bockom npn.mKOM npnca^HBaita (o- 
.laM.i.ciha). 

BejiuKu Mpaaooa/c (Hibenda defoliaria, c,i. 209 

■ 210). r.iai'.noMc na HCTH iiannn Kao n Ma.m 

r.an. AenTHpma do cnapHBa&y CHece ao 400 jaja 

fpeHO ii.iii y Ma.m.M roMH.umaMa na nyno.tKe 11.111 

unna obix. 

je Jieno r.peMe, ryceHnne HSH^y hs jaja no- 
46TK0M auj) fj'i, aacrane ce sanely nynoAaKa, kojh cy ce 



376 



BOTIKE H BOTIE 




TeK no i iejiii pa3BHjaTH, oMOTajy bx BeKO.iBKBM KOBijBMa 
b OTinray bx o^max arreTBTa y to^hkoj siepn, ^a ce 

obh c Tora nopeMeie y no- 
pady. Ka/i, ryceBBin) 11004* 
pacTy, npecTaHy ce kpbtb 
b oCumm cy norp6^eHe. 
Mory npH^iHHHTH Be.iBKe 
niTeie BotiKana, a hcto xa- 

KO B fiyKOBHM, XpaCTOBBM B 

6pe30BMM myaiaMa. BpcTe 
Brra BHine b 3e^eH po/i, bb- 
maita h Tpemaiba. 

KaA ce ryceBBije nonvia- 
Bie, cnyiiiTajy ce hh3 kob- 
sbL, na ce 3aTBM, kra Bpe- 
\a onacBGCT, oner Aony3aiy 

Ca. 20!). BeanRH Mpa30Bau. MyayiiK. ' ^ j jj 

""■* *JKeHKa. Tycenima h Haypa. y3a tf» £0 MeCTa Tfl,e Cy OB^e. 

ryceBBB,e B3pacTy bot- 
nyBO oko BO^OBBae jy4a b ra^a ce y^aype. Pa^n Tora 
3aByKy co y ByKOTBBe 36MAhbc b Tyce apeo6pa3e y ./lyray. 

YsBBiTaBa ce Ba 

BCTB BaBBB KaO B 

Ma^B Mpa30Ban. 

Jafiynuu MOJbati/ 
(Tinea b^ib Hypo- 
nomenta malinella, 
c;i. 211).0/i 1 B0BaKa 
OBaj BiTeTO^BBa aa- 
Ba/^a BCK^yiiBBO ja- 
6yKe. 

Tyceuuv,e ce jaB- 
jbajy Maja b bo^tkom jyua. Ta^a MBe BekBBOM y 
ApviUTBy Ha rpamura jadyne, H to y 3aje£BB*iK0M rire3Ay, 




Ci. 210. Ja6yiHH sio^an, (yBehaH). 



HEnPIIJATEJbH BO'RAKA 



377 



f 



OMOTftHOl (fejlOM niiyuHiiu.M. X PH63Ay, Koje je tuhk'o ii npo- 
apaiflo, a.m Beoia 36IB6HO ytkuho naysEHOM, ryceHinje 
imeTfl M.ia,i<> .linnlie n hbot jatfyKe. 

ywiui Mo.i>an paaiHOXH ce no kojh nyx y bjuo 
BftUKOJ KHoatiur, TaKO ,ia jatfyse KOJe iiana.vie orraiiy 
i iecTo ties .uimha Bel y najy, jep cy y to 406a rH63Aa, omo- 
Tnwd iiayuinioM. nyiia nrninx rycemma OBora inTeTomiHe. 
TasBeja(yK6 ee *ory flara imKai.-uy 6ep(5y mi 40 ro^BHe, 
i- tow lino mm je noTpefoo BBoro BpeueHa 4a ce Mory ono- 
paBHTfl o& HOBpc^a Btoje 11 m iianocy ryceHHije 0B0raW1.ua. 

I^vct'Himi' ee yjyny i^il^n 
BpeTBope y .iyn;y. One^| 
pa.ui rora He nanyiiiTajy 1 
raesAO, Bet y dbomc ii;i 
■Hore nayMiiiie ffanpase 
CBSKa sa eetfe rBii.iii.-Tv i ia- 
ypy, na re y oboj npeTBO- 
pe y litany .iytky. 

II.;.iyTi;t'n3.i;i;',''.if i ii- 
npa y Apyroj doaobbbb 
jyna. .lfirnipiiiu' onHWBj 
Baesopo HOCHTMJaja. Hoce 
bx bo rpanaira jatfyKB n 
to no 20- -30 y ruMii.ui- 

ii;iMa. iioi.uiHjiTo y \,\\u- ( •.,. 
.l.fH,;i II nyKOTHBC KopiHe. 

■Miunny 8BTBB .liMmipiiua HBBy^e 6A0J61 HeKOT 

&po acre (foje sao Kopa, Te bx j» i oTyfla 
1 remio yowi, aapo?BTO «a rpaBaia aa Kojma 

HMa I .lHHi;i.p'l:;i. I'm j je .Kii;ti; TOJURO y.yniii B9 I'Kpll- 

naiM jaja, in ax ami rame n cave imnir 11 octsjib 
Benpqamui oBor ioaip (b8B6€bb raceKra) apjio tbibbo 

BpOBaJia8€ 11 t;im;ih»'. 




211. rycen 11 n,;i j inly "in or \io.i,ii:i. 



^78 BOUKE H BOUE 



H3 jaja CKpHBeHHX Ha OBaj HaqnH jaB^ajy ce ry- 
ceHnue BeL y aBrycry. Hy jama^HO yc/ie^ Tora, eito 
Ha rpaHana y obo Ao6a Heaia Heraora ^Hmta h eito 
ycKopo Hacrynajy xah&kr AaHH, a 3a OBHMa n Mpa3eBH, 
ryceHHne ne H3iia3e Hano^e, Bet h ^a^e ocTaHy y iry- 
KOTflHaMa Eope, r^e, HenajyhH nrra jecTH, oraogHy Ha- 
rpH3aTH c/ioj nope echo a ilhx, Te Ha Taj Ha^HH ,3,0 




C-i. 212. THe3Aa (npei>a) ja6yiHor MO^a. 

jeceHH H3/i,y6e Ha rpaHH qecTO m/mity jaMHijy, ,4a 3a^y 
h y caMy 6aKyjty, ninpoha ce o^aB^e na cBe CTpaHe 
CHBora cioja KopnHa. J thm jfiMnnaaia ryceHnue npe3HMe. 
Kpajein anpn.ia ocTaBe cboj 3hmobhhk, npe^y Ha rpaHe 
h Ha H>HMa nponeHe ca^, ^ojaKoinH»H HaEHH xpaH>eH»a, 
jep npoatAp^HBO noEHy 6peTHTH HeatHO .onihe, npa- 
BetiH y hcto Bpene h mes^o op, nay*iHHe Ha BeL no- 
MeHyra HaqiH. 



IIKIIPUJATEJbH BO! 



370 







Tfle^ia OBora nrreTo'iiiHe, soja cy Ha rpamuia 

ApBeha. were CJ Bp.io Be.mi.-a u MoryKno nx je .laiio 3a- 

imirm ii3 r \a.it'Ka (ci. 212). TeniKo hx je 3ana3HTH 

o y <-.iyuaiy, ano nx ems y Ma.ioj koah^hhh. x Ihm 

ia iipii.MeTe, Tpe6a nx yminiTaBaTH. 
Tue.iAa je Hajoo.te -jiicthtji y 406a, Ka^ ce BeliHHa 
:;ma upeTBOpHJia y .lyrKe. jep ce ryceHHue 40 Tora 

K p t' ti V B p.l o iK H - \\M||//{/// 

BaxHo,ivy r.iyiiajy, v 

' 11 M Ce IipiICTVIIH 

rH63Ay, na r i,ajy 11a 

&OH<ttlb, 

kojh HcnpeAajy 11 ia- 

BeLiHOH y.MaKiiy. 

,l,a 66 y u mine 

nn-iua. ymrrpeu.i.aua 

.iHKHM yciie- 

koi aapoqiTa asm- 

ii.i. KOJa C€ nacal)V- 

je Ha DQAys; Moray. 

bux .laiinii Ufa 

Burnt* BpcTa, a.iH cy 

HaJBinne y 

npHM6HH 0H6, IIJTO ux 

<m. 213. 
1 1 y h« ce mnnpyTOM. 

Mpll.lJlKu.M rua.i.JiHjiif,;! niK^a Bo{,Ka.Ma C6 lit' IlpIl'IMH.aBa 

BisaKBa in 1 - 

OKyTorpGa (Boinbyx, Gastropacha Dhysorrh< ea, 

'•1. -1 1 217). ryc.MiMiir upu-iiiii,ai',ajy «>6ii<in<» B6AHK6 

mme aotKana. 

V iio.ioBiiini jiera (jyiiy 11. in jyjiy) AQUTttpwifl OT- 
BOTOy HOCMTB jaja. BoC€ nx y 10Mn.111iBi.Ma ,y> 200 




CU. 213 AaMne sa viiniirninaH.e rycenHH- 
mix rHesia, 



380 BOUKE n BOUE 



KOMa^a Ha .iflinhe jadyKe, xpacTa, ica-wrae, 6pecTa, HBe, 
ABB^er iiiMMniHpa, pyate hta. CioatHBHin f raKy roMH-innj 
jaja, noKpnjy hx caojeM jienKa, a hotom Hnmynajy cbojhm 
Horaaia atyTe ^ai:e c Tp6yxa h OH^a noKpnjy jaja, 4a 
hx H>HMa 3anrrHTe 0/1, HenoroAe. HaB^iaKa je OBa cyB- 
fyepacra. H3 jaja^B3MH^e rycemme no^ieTKOM aBrycia 
(no kojb ny r r h paHHJe) h o^iax ono^ray Harpn3aTH 




Ga. 214. MyjsjaK jKyTOTpoe C.i. 215. TyceHHua atyTOTpoe. 

MeKnie -jx&aobq Ha Ha^Hiijy ^ninha, h to bobito ra npe- 
X04HO yTBpAe uay^HHOM 3a rpany, ^a ce BeipoM He 6h 
iiOKpeTajio. /l T ou,HiTJe ? Ka^a cy ryceHHHe OApacanje, npn- 
B^a^e OHe oBiTehenoM .iHmhy HOBe h CBe BeKe koak- 
MHHe .iHuiha, yBe3yjyiiH ra nayuHHOM Hajnpe jeAHO 3a 
Apyro, a sami h 3a rpaHe Kao h paHHJe. H3 jianiha 
MefyycoCmo Be3aHor npaBe rH03A0. Tfle3A0 je Bpjio ^lano 

pas^HKOBaTH oa rae3Aa ja6yn- 
Hor no^na, hito je ^pinke y- 
TBp^eHO 3a rpaHe h ihto ce jaB- 
j&ajy Apyro Ao6a roAHHe (tj. 
y aBrycry), Me^yTHM koa ja£>y- 
Cl ' 216, 4y T T ^ yPa) * y " ™ or ™ma rH63Aa c nayqraoM 

BHAe ce TeK Ha npo^eke. THe3Aa 
ce AP^e Ao6po 3a rpaHy 3aT0, hito je, Kao hito je noMe- 
HyTO, npHBe3aH Hajnpe CBaKH amt, na 3aTHM h cbh yKynHO. 
y CBaKOM TaKBOM rH63Ay atHBH oko 200 ryceHHii,a. Ty- 
ceHHB.e lie je^y u,ejio ./inmhe, Koje cy ynoTpeon./iH 3a 




H^IirHJATE.bll BO'RAKA 



381 



rpa^MBO raesAa, Bet cano Menan ago, 36or qera winmhe 
GBOHe, MBO ii ymHe. Y jecen ryceHBue o6.io)Ke 

ii:{HVT|ia ii cnoAa to .lnniW Aetf&HM ciojeM nayqBHe, a& ce 
e 3amTHT6 o,\ *ipa3eBa, na tmo h npe3BMe. C 
iij»<».it'Ka. hum ce yitaxj JipBii toilih a^hh, ryceHHu,e ce 
Ea ma, neiio Bpeue 3aApa;e ce y Me3Ay, na ce 

! pa.u1.1a3e pa^H 6pcTeH>a nyno.LaKa, a^B rHe3AO He 
Hanynrrajy 3a Ayro, ynpaBO ,u>k cc no TpeLn nyT ne 
npecByRy. Taaa sanycre ApyniTBo, ua KaA OApacTy bot- 
njHO, \ "laype ce, tj. npeoopa:!t' y .lYTKy, h to HajqemKe 
y yr.ioHinia .liimha. II3 .lynie B3.ia3H .leBTBp y jyay. 

IIlreTomiHy OBor Ha.j60.1eje yHHnrraBaTH CKyn^a- 
&ei H.erouiix rsesAa, y soiie cj ryceHnue, h cna.<LBBaH>eM 
obbx. rne3 r i,a je Moryhiio mhctbth oa jeceHB na CBe ao 
iqiaja anpn.ia Apyre roABHe; u to ibto npe, to 6o.i>e. 1 Ib- 
i.'tiitii ce now BOxenaMa, oAcenaneM rpana Ha Kojirea 
cy, I'ii.ui *era Bozju^e Ba,i>a ycaABTB na Kaoy noAy^y 
lOTKy, na rpaue c rae3AHMa ©Anax cna&HBaTH; aiiory ce 
TaMaiiinii 11 11a ca.Moj Boliini. KaA ce 3a OBaj h,m.j> ynoTpeoii 
DOMBHfTa .la.Miia. Hcto Tai;o, vjifi ce caMO TOMoate hoctbIih, 
liiivTo'iuiia ce OBaj Moxe 3HaTH0 i'\:{6iith y niBpeny h 
cKyn.i.an.cM ii.ui cnaAHBaaefc .mniLa ejajflMa ii uaypaua. 

VAOioeau (Pieris crataegi, cji. 217 — 218). 
.l»imipniia no cnapHBaH>y cHece ao 150jajaHa ropnoj 
cipaiui .iiiiii}.;i BObaxa (iii.i.ni'.a, jauvKa. uajcHJa) h Mora 
11 YTi'.jun n.\ iit'i;iiM AenEOM. Jaja cy SAaTOAiraa, no 
AyXHHE K6IHT0 6pa8AaCTa, npii I'.pxy va.10 CTBH>ena 11 
KpymKaera o&&iica. 

II.; jaja B8MJL16 lyciMiiiiK' iior.ic I I .l.nia. <»,i iipn- 

4HK6 y lpyioj QCflOBIHB amyna. I \v**«*n 11 ii,** y.mot.ijy 

v iipc},\ .liiinl.c ,i,;i lie on onaJIO, aKO (5h 

6eao cjbo. IIpi'Ma Tone, ,i;i .in je jecen toilahjh 11. in 

x.ia iiiiija, lyciiniK' jl i\;i,v ii.ui Kpal.e BpeMO, 11 



382 



BCRKE H BOUE 



3aTHM npe3HMe y sajeAHH^KOM^ rHe3Ay, Ha^raaeHOM oa 




Gi. 217. f^oroBan;. 



AMirtin npHTBp^eHora sa 
x^aAHoke He cTpa^ajy. 




Ga. 218. a jaja, b rycemma 
r.aoroBn;a. 



rpaHe rycTHM npeAHBOM. Oj\ 

KaA Ha npo^iete OTon^e 
AaHH (KaA 6y^e tohjio 15 — 20 
CTeneHa H3HaA ny^ie), ryceHH- 
u;e HanycTe cBOje npAaBO n 
MpKO-u,pBeHO rfle3AO, nponaljy 
riynoAKe a naMHHe hobo, mhcto 
rHe3AO ? y Koje ce BpaLajy y 
Beqe a h o6j\m, KaA je x^a^HO 
h khdiobhto Bpene. KaA ce no 
Apyrn uyT npecByKy, mTO 6flBa 
BeL y npBOJ qo^obhhh anpa^ia, 
HanycTe cacBHM h to hobo nie3- 
AO, tj. atHBe y cio6oah, a.o 
anaK y ApymTBy, a H3ABajajy 
ce T6K npeA caiio yqaypaBaae 
paAH Tora, a& 6h Hanuie MecTO, 
rAe ne ce yqaypHTH. Oa A^Ha, 
KaA Apyrn nyT npecByKy Koaty, 
pacTy TaKO pekn npHMeTHO. 



HEnPHJATEJbH BCRAKA 383 



>>HMie ce Mory TaMaHHTH bhmh, na cbo &o npo- 
.iei\a, nnmheiteM H>nxoBnx me3;ia c Bokaua n cna^n- 
Ban.e.M. pa r yi ^era ce nose Kopiicuo ynoTpefen h no- 
MeHyia .ia>ma. 

.lyrKe cy ooh^ho na BiuiniM iiecTHMa, to hx je 
a a&kq npoiiahii n yuniiiTnTii. 

.lt'iiTupn ce TanaHe, sa/i cy no iiBeLy; ohh cy Ta^a 
0<$h?ho Miipmr, r i,a bx je c Tora Morynno yHnnrmTH y 
b&ahkhii KO.iiPiuiiaMa. a Bapo^HTO aico ce xBaTajy n y 

na<inn>eHe 3a OBaj naub oa thai\. 

KytcaettHuja cy3a (Gastropacha neustria, jjjc.a. 
219 — 221). ylenTHpw ce jaB.Lajy y Mecenj jyjvy. Od^aH 
Miipyjy na saiLio&eHHM MecTHMa, 
Te ce c Tora npeMa Be.iHKini 
KOwUn«Hana ibiixoBnx ryceiinii,a 
Biii>jy y Bp.io MadOM opojy. 
1 Iiim ce CMpaTO, iiysjanH ce 
nycre y aob na seHKe. Ilocie 
i A&Ha no cnapHBaay .ien- 
mpHna iiocn jaja y BH^y np- w 

i oko rpaH<inne BoKaKa n Ca 2 i9. Kyw 

1I1X .Wlllhapa (xpaCTa, oYK- tfnpHpoAHa M.Mii'niiia).; 

Be, tipeera, mpHora Mora, ,i,pena 

. V CBaKOM tjikbom npcTciiy Moate^HTH no 400 
if Bsm6 jaja. 

Ha jaja ii.mih.ic ryceHHne na upojieRe y ucto epeMe, 
>;<i,i ce i lUCTajy. Ta,i,a cy rycennne cacBHM 

upM<' u qynaBe. r l,o jy.ia sbbb BetraoH y ,i,pyiiiTBy, 04 

■ no rpaii.iM.-i 6pcreLa .iiimlie, a ojy qeoTH y yivio- 
BiiMa i\\<> 66 rpaiie pa'iiiajv, H TO iiajmnm 1 na npiicoJHOJ 

crpaHi, iioKpnuajyliii 66 6gaoja nay^HHOM, &a 6a ce xaio 

iiito 6ojm i!pni;pi!.i«'. Ii;i,i, o.ipai'Tv iioniviio, paaiifyy ce 
paxeiiH aro.1,110 M6CT0, Ha sole he re 




384 



BOTvKE H BO-RE 



y^aypHTH. A yqaypaBajy ce o6y*iHO y nyKOTHHasia Kope 
ear hchoa ^ninta, y nyKOTHHana orpaAe hta. 




C.i. 220. rycemma KyKaBiiqje cy3e (npnpoAHa BeAMiHua) 



4,ok cy ryceHnue um, je^y nyno^Ke, a AOHHHJe 
6pcTe jumike ao caMe neTeAKe, 're ce c Tora ytfpajajy 

y HajiirreTHMJe rycemme He cumo 
BokaKa Bet h niyMCKor Apseta 
(.iHiiihapa). 

YcieA Tora hito je jieuTHpe 
h wpe (ayTKe) Teumo yHHiirra- 
BaTii, jep cy Ha Bpao ckphbchhm 
MecTHMa, odaje Aa ce obhj nrre- 
TO^HHa TaMaHH OAcenmew h 
cnaAHBaaeM rpflHunija, Ha ko- 
JHMa cy jaja, h y^HJaaeM ryce- 
HHU,a Hajo6nqHHJe mct^om, KaA 
cy y ApyuiTBy, Hapowro no y- 
r^oBHAia rpaHa h na A^y. 
KaA ce BOhKe Mncre h hot- 
Kpecyjy, OHAa ce tom npn.iH- 
kom CTaMaHe iraora jaja OBor 
nrrewiHHe ; a Aa ce to h ho- 
crHrHe, Tpe6a OAce^eue rpaHe OAMax cihmhtji. 




Ci. 221. Jaja, upe^a n na- 

ypa KyKaBH^nje cy3e (npn- 

poAHa Bejuqima). 



HEnPIIJATEJbH BCRAKA. 385 

r.meona (Liparis dispar, ci. 222 — 225). Aen- 
Tnpnua OBora iuT6T0 i iHHe CHece 300 — 500 jaja y 
ilioiiithm roMiuimaua Ha r i,e6.iy BokiKa, orpaAfl-JHTA. h 




C.i. 222. I\niBOH>a — aseHKa (iipnpoAHa i ejiiiima). 



4fl 



QOKpHje hx upKOM byfiom, Kojy Biimyna ca CTpaaciter 
rpyna. Jaja, noKpHBeiia na osaj HaraH, Ame Ha Tpy#. 

^TyceHutte H3 jaja aa- 
Mii.it* res na upcur/ic 
Apyre roArae. 3a aeKo 
Bpeice :'.;i,i.ji;i;»' ee na ipy- ^ 

phi ee Kpefly na M 
uficT. Ako cy na bhaj Wm 3 

MAM U ApyrOl KHKKO.M ^BP ]■ ^B^^ 

v, ciiviiiTajy ce HH3 n .,,,, ,, 

Ui. -iL'J. I .lHimiLa — MyjKjaK (npn- 
Koiniih, n na ,i,i'.mv mice p 0A Ha b&ih<ihh&7< 

"T.10, AOK Ce BeTpOM 

cpetani ciy'iajcM Be njHMiecy Ha BokKe wae Apyro 
i ApBeie. ora OBe ryceHHije Kory tocto raa- 

ii noBHine ,vuia, na b ynniyTH, aKo ce no aoko- 

BOT.KK H BOT.K 25 



386 



BOUKE H BO'KE 



najy xpaHe. XpaHe ce nyno-foHMMa h ^nniLeM Bonao, 
xpacTa, Tono^e, Bp6e, 6pecTa, -pyace eta., Te cy OTy^a 




JCU. 224. ryceHHn;aj,MaBOH,e - (iipHpoAHa veAimmid.). 



HCTo:5TaKO Be^HKe HrreTO^HHe Kao h KyKaBB^ja cy3a. 

Yno^ia OApacHe ryceHnne BH^ajy ce y MaH>BM oh Beta 

rpynaia y yMOBHMa m Ha 
AO&oj CTpaHH a^ahx rpaHa, 
a Hapowro y C/iy^ajy Ka-A 
KBiua na^a. KaA Ha kom 
ApBeTy noje^y ^anihe, OHAa 
ce iKme BHAeTH, ksko ce 
cnymTajy^ Ha 3eM^y n Ha 
oboj yn^ieTy, n to y ciy- 
^ajy, aKO He 6h MOMe Hann 
6pcTa, xpaHe. Y jyHy h.ih 
noqeTKOM jy.ia npeTBope ce 
y Ben onncaHy .lyray, 

IIlTeToqiHy OBor Haj^iaKHie 
je TaiiaHHTH, KaA ce c BonaKa 

h ocTajinx MecTa ^hcth TpyA c jajHMa, Koja/e HHaqe .lano 

npoHa^a3e. Haj6o^e je cna^HBaTH hx. Tom npn^iHKOM 




Ca. 225. Epe^a h ^aypa raa- 
BOH>e (npnpoAHa Be-m^nua). 



BEIIPHJATEJbH BOTIAKA :>87 

Tpetfa npraasHTV, &a ce y BaTpy (5ana OHafta KoairaiiHa, 
Jep niaie Beta Ko.inmma jiaso eKciMOAipa. Ako mm 

T6KJ&8 BO^e, TpyA ce nose oamrrn m y BOAy, a.iH Ba^a 
ra iipnTiirnyTH seMAOM. OcTaftbaoe jaja no pacKpcmi- 
na.ua. i;ao iuto Henn pafle, r \n on ce yumnm/ia rameiheM, 
mije ftotfpo, J* 1 )) cj THp,\a. T6 Be Hpoiuunv CBa, a Miiora 

passeey. HajtfoAe je flanae cna.i.iiBaTH hx. 
i tom M(»ry ce TamiHHTfl n ryronHne napomiTo 
aa BpeMe, irai, Kama na^a, jep cy o-He Ta^a y ypjiOBHia 
rpana 11 nema rpa&a, re hx je .laKO npoHaiiH h ymi- 
nmrni. A norj ce TaMamiTii n .leirnipnue, Koje je AaKO 
Dosaara, mum ce nojaBe, jep ce Ta^a ne Kpeky pa^o 
c Meda, Ha Koue cy. 

, lyeua (Liparis moBatJha, qa. 226 ao 229). 
II dennp h .leirrupiiua Miipyjy otfflaH (v Meceu.yjy.fly) Ha 
Appety, ii to o6h*iho Ha rpanaua Kpyne. .lennip je Ta^a 
C jiainiipeHiiM Kpn.unia, a .icirnipima Kpiuinia nooana 
rrpasftfl Tpyn, ie wpiLia croje Kao ijpeii Ha KpoBy. */Len- 
riipii jieTe aoly, Ta^a otfaeLy ,\\mhe pa&H npona.ia- 
.K'lrnijunui. c KujiiMa ce y to aotfa nape. IIo i; ■- >J it 
Dry np»u Bopy bhaoIb h .lenTup h ^enTHpiina. 
ii xa r vi cy oKpeiiyni .uineM jeA»o ApyrOM. 

.leirnipnua DO GnapHBaay hoch jaja TeK noa/ie 
HeKO-im;o ,i,ana. 3a to BpeMe OHa nponalje na ApBeLy 

nine, sapowo ii:i.M('},y d,vi,ycHyTe Kope, na y 
if.iix vHMina .lyniwKoM .i<'i';i.iiiiio\i mnyuoKo CBOja jaja, 

soja raKO samnkaBa oa Mare a x.i.'uuohe; chocc aq 

150 jaja y BesOAiBO roMaama no 20 &q 50 aajeAHO, 

i;i (i ce .i,|»;i:a.ia Ba*et>y ee5e, aajieira je^iio sa 

■ B6RH1 46DK0M. OZTQ HX Willie iiii'lHM Be :>,aiimi- 

. Ako j( k;i,i Horn jaja, aeno BpeMe, Am* 

•nipniie yh'pnjy Aotfpo n BHcoEOHa bo£kb cbs jaja; a.in aso 

;i|.. nin >r Tora, iuto hx wrap boch, 

25* 



388 



BOUKE H BOUE 



npHinopaHe ocTaBHTH jaja rae 6eao, wkav h no A^y, 
MaxoBHHH hta., caMO A& nac npe OjiaKraajy. Jaja cy 
MaTKa, OKpyMa, HeuiTO CTH&ena h no cpeAHHH Ma^io 
yAy6^eHa ; doje cy y noneTEy pyatHHHO-HpBeHe, AonHnje 
GHBO-MpKe, a, npe Hero ne h3hbh ryceHnne, ce,a,e$acTe. 
H3 jaja, Eoje -lenTHpnna CHece HaJAajbe ao aBry- 
CTa, H3MHjie ryceHHHe y Apyroj ho^obbhh anpn^ia hae 
y noncTEy Maja ao roAHHe. Aeo je .aeno Bpeaie, EaA 
ce rycemme H3.iery, OHAa cy OHe y ApyniTBy 3a 4 ao 
5 A^Ha n TaAa ce xpaHe caMO ^ycEOM jajeia, ^eEajyna 
Aa Ayae BeTap. KaA ce BeTap^ noEaate, nycie ce hh3 




Ci. 226. Ay BI,a — JiyayaK. 



Ga. 227. Ay BHa — JKOHKR. 



eohhhh, Eojn ncnpeAy, n BexpoM ce npenoce Ha Mecxo 
rAe ne dpcTHTH, jep cy hm y to Ao6a, na n AOHHHJe, Hore 
Bp^o lOHTaBe, Te c Tora He Mory oamh^cth ao 6pcTa. TeE 
EaA y no.ZLa OApacTy, Kpeny ce cane c iiecTa Ha jiecro, 
He nymTajynn TaAa HHEaEBO npeAHBO CBe ao npeA cano 
ynaypaBaH>e. BpcTe cawo nohy, Te ce 3uto npeso A^Ha 
ryceHnue He BH^ajy Ha ./LHinhy, Beh ncnpyateHe Ha rpa- 
Hajia h j\^6aj, h to nojeAHHne. Aeo ryceHine HanaAHy 
niToroA rhxobh HenpHJaTe&H, roTOBaHH (napa3HTHi, OHAa 



HEIIPHJATEJbll BOHAKA 



389 



(OjieeHe ryeeHflne afnijy y K.iynue. h to o6h i mo 
do BpxoBHua rpaua. to ux je r&,\i\ AaKO yoraTH. 

»'Hime HajpaAHJe 6pcT« uoTiine 6opoBe u c*rp- 
qeBe, rah, y eeAOCTaTity obex, npejia3e y .ueiiioBirnni 
niyiia>ia n na xpacT, tiysBj, (Spesy, apiiiu. je.iy, K.ieKy, 
6opoBHHay, a y napKOBHMa h na Kiice^io apbo (Rhus 
tynliina) nri. Ofl Bohairii naJHnme campy ja6yKO h 
DL&HB6. Bpcrc cacBHM paciuiKytiCKH, jep je f T,y .ihct oa 




■ coiHUU ,iyime. 



C^.^229. l Iaypa n jaja ayrae. 



[He Eta nt'K'.i.iui, ie ce aaio no Bpxosmta .-i inula 
h.ih w»-Tifna, soje on;i,vijy B8 3BM&y, Korj .iai:o Bana- 

8HTB 1 APB6TJ. . Icjrnipiiui'. ouiiuiio lie HOC6 jaja 

lie BaBirqajy, Bet re updkj ,\a.i.e, Te ce aaio ry- 
(•♦•HM.'i Jiewspa lie jaB&ajj ,i<> POjprHe na hctow 

i'.<»f)H.ai;y. n;i iii'ra luime iin y J6AHOM K|> ;| jy- 

IIIi»'T'"iiiny OBOr liaj.iai.'ilie j<: Ta.Mainmi r.KViu.aiM'M 
jaja I ciia.MiiJMiLc.M OBHI iijiiuhkom 'iiiiulieii.a BOfcOKa h 



890 



BOUKE H BO-RE 



yoaaaiteM o,p>ycHyTe nope. 36or Tora, niro cy jaja 
cienAeHa ^enKOM, Tpe6a hx c ApBOTa *iHMe cacTpyraTH, 
Hy TaKO 4a He na,a,Hy Ha 3eM^y. 

HIapeuuK (OrpoatitaK; Geometra grossulariata, 
m. 230). ylenTHpn ^eTe c Benepn ^ocTa KpnByAaBHM 
^ieTOM 7 Tpaateka ateHKe pa^n cnapnBaH>a. AeniBpnue 
caaJKy jaja y roMH^HU,aMa H3Mefyy HepaBa jinuiLa Ha 
orpo3y, ph6h3^m, ihahbh, Kajcajn h pa3HOM nra6.fl>y. 
Jaja cy OBayiHa, HeniTO sauiH^acTa n MaMHO-atyTa. BeK 
noc/ie 12 — 14 #aHa, upoux ^ana ceuT6M6pa, H3MH^e 
H3 jaja ryceHHu,e, Koje o^Jiax uo^Hy tfpcTHTH .iHiuke no- 
MeHyrax BohaKa, ny y to 406a 6es nrreTe, jep cy Ta^a 




d. 280. ^aypa, ryceunua a aen 



rnp luapeiniKa. 



join Ma^ie. Ka^ ce npecByKy je^aH nyT kavl ABa ny r r, 
cnycTe ce Ha 36M.toy, 3aByKy ce y inymaH> h y OBOMe 
npecnaBajy 3HMy. Ha npo^eLe nonny ce hohobo Ha 
BotKe, h Ta^a cy, hohito cy OApacHHJe, jmoro uiTeT- 
HHJe; napoMHTO orpo3 o6pcTe *iecro to^ihko, a& ce He 
bh/p hh H,BeT hh ^hct. fro jyHa npecByKy ce jom #Ba 
nyTa h Ta^a ce y i iaype Ha ./iHiflky ear Ha CTadAHKaina 
y npe^flBO oa h6koahko KOHaua. H3 .lyTKe noc./ie 20 
AO 25 ^asa H3H^ .lenTnp. 

YcieA Tora, hito ryceHHne He atHBe y ApyniTBy, 
HHcy TaKO onacHe ; a.iH, aKO hx HMa y BekflM ko^h^h- 
HaMa, Mory npH^HHMTH 3HaTHe iirrere. A a c ^ yonree, 



HKriPIIJATE.MI TJOHAKA. 39 1 

Tpetfa CKyn.LaTH iuyiuaH> ncno^ Kpyiie ApBeLa n cna.LH- 
Ban ra ; a k<u cy rycewme na ApBGTy, CTpecTH mx n 

Bp6oronai4 (Cossus ligniperda, c.i. 231). Tyce- 

niiua oBor miceirra, Koja je B6AH$a, ro.ia n uipsena, Kao 

neco, siiBH r i,Be roAiine y ApBeTy BoKaKa, napo^HTO ja- 

. a Bnia ce h y Bptfn, touoaq, xpacTy, Aum h 

Apynri .miiikapmia. Y Apseiy npaBH Ayra*me n nomnpe 




a 

C-a. 231. BpOoxoian; ; a rycemma, b aeimip. 

XOAHK8, a Ten ce ipehe ro^HHe y^aypH y npe^y, no- 

m*'ii[;ihv ea CTpyroTraaMa. /[n, je ryceiinua Ty, H03Haje 

ce no iipicy, kojh noAceba na cnpKe; Ha npoAir>mi ie pir- 

iim.i ipse na&6 b spoa n.ux n-^y iionpoKo Tamte 

P€ li.|)T<'. K;U A6TH ::y,JH. 
Haj.iaiiiiie 66 niMaim, \n\ t \ 66 Hpoiialjy OTBOpH, 
na 66 } omnia SHQOH ryn'iimir |>a.;\i<\],ajy. 



392 



BOUKE H BOllE 



7. ryceHHn,e 30ji.a. ryceHnne (yiapBe) H3BecHHx 
30Aa 6pcTe jinmLe Botana hcto Kao h ryceHnue Jien- 
Tupa, Te cy na Taj HaqHH hcto TaKO niTeTHe Kao h ry- 
ceHHue. H.3Mel)y h>hx HajuiTeTHHje cy: 

Kpymnooa sojba (Lyda piri, L. clypeata hah 
Tentliredo piri, c.a. 232 — 235). iKeHKa no cnapnBaay 




C.a. 232. KpyniKOBa 30^.a. 



CHece jaja y pe^y (nH3y) Ha aoh>oj CTpaHH ^Hnita Haj- 
paAMJo KpymKOBa, na saTHM nubHBOBa h MoroBa. Fa 




U-i. 233. KpymKOBa 3o^a y apupoAiioj Be-iH^nHH h Ha-an^je iHCTa 
Ha" KOMe cy jaja . 

thx jaja H3MH.ie AapBe (irpBHiiH, ryceHHne) y 406a H3- 
Me ^y jyna ao no^oBHHe aBrycTa, h 3a BpeMe 01, 4 ao 



HEIIPIIJATEJbH BOHAKA 



393 



IIpeAHBO 
235), a 



5 HeAe.La tfpcie .inmLe noMenyrora ApBeLa. 

npaBe oa nonpemio YTBpkniix KOHaua (ci. 

aKO ce oho i iiiMe Gh.io 

ynnniTfl, OH^a ce xirrpo 

cnynrrajy Ha 3eM.ty hii.j 

KOHqnhKOJuo^acuciij- 

IlpeAHBo ce 3ioiKe npiiMe- 

thth H3AawieKa. Ka.4 nomyHO H3pacTy, cnycre ce Ha 

3eiu>y uh3 KOH<raii, h y ay sapnjy 3a 4—5 cm. Ay- 




Ca. 234. rycemma KpymKOBe 30J»e 
(yBekami). 




spyiDKOBe 30Ae. 



bfl Be apaBe BmtaKBy npcfyy. y n,oj 
npoMojy A6T0, jecea i :jii.mv, na uoiiito ce npeTBope y 

n \'i;iv|m-, n;;ul ; v ii.; ii.hx iim FipOJiefce niupiiHMiH 



394 



kOTlKE II BOUE 



/l,a ce yHHinTM OBaj mTeTO^HHa, fpeda hhctuth hah 
jiaMnoM cna^HBaTM Aapse y npe^HBy ; Hy npn tomb BaA>a 
HMaTH na yiiy, ^a cy OHe BpAo xtrrpe, tj. cnyniTajy ce 
HH3 koh^hK Ha 3eii-Ly, ie oohhho Betinu j\qaom yMaKHy. 
3aTO je Ao6po ^a ce no 36m.'Lh pasacipe KaoB napniaB, 
Te Aa ce yxBaTe OHe AapBe, Koje cy XTGAe yMakn. ^a- 
ype tie ce noTaMaHHTH 3HaTH0, aKO ce 3eMA>a oko bo- 
naKa npeKona 3hmh, a& ce TaK0 H3Aoace yrnuajy Mpasa. 

Aucua 30Jba na KowTyuaeoM eotiy (Lyda hah 
Tenthredo nemoralis, ca. 236). IIpaBH cah*iho npe- 




Cj.B236. KoniTyHH^HaS30j!ta (yBehaira}. 



Ahbo Kao h KpyniKOBa 30A>a, a opera AHmLe Kajcnja, 
6pecaKa, mA>HBa, Tpenan>a h BHrnaaa, ynpaBO HaJBenn 
Aeo KonrryHHna, no KOJHMa je h j\o6ra& HJie. 

3oA>a y Aiajy hah jyHy cnece 30 ao 40 myinx Ayry- 
A>acTHx jaja y BHnie peAOBa Ha aoh>oj CTpann AHCTa no- 
MeHyrax BotaKa. KaA AapBe noTnyHO OApacTy, cnycre 
ce Kao h AapBe KpyniKOBe 30A>e HH3 koh<ihh Ha 3esiA>y, 
y H>y 3apnjy, y^aype ce, na Ha npoAeno nojaBe Kao 
caBpmeHH HHceKTH — 30.i>e. 



IIEIIPIIJAm'Ml HORAKA 395 

.VnuniTaBa ce Ha hctii HaHHH, Kao h KpyiiiKOBa 3<hi»a. 

Ifpua Tpeumeea qojm (Tenthredo — Eriocampa 
adumbrate), rvcenime rnieie jiHintie Tpeniafta, Kpy- 
maKa, m.biiBa, Tpua H KajcBJe. Ho Tpii, wrapi h BHflie 
ryceiinna iia.ia3e ce ua ropttoj CTpaHH .incTa. Ahct Ha 
KOie cj BOjeAy rano fta ociaHe cawo CKpaaia (noisoatima) 
ea CKaaeTOM. .Iikt ce 360 r Tora ocynra h bhch, a c Tora 
ihto ce cnpeqa y pa3BHJaH>y, OMeTe ce h can poA, jep 
n OBaj onaAHe. Ka r i, ce ryceHHue npecByKy h qeTBpTH 
nyr, ihto tfHBa y cenTeM6py, sapajy ce y 3eM£>y h y 
oboj ce npeiBope y ^yTKy (qaypy). H3 qaype H3Hl)e 
caBpineH HHceKaT TeK y jyHy Apy re roAHHe. 

rpaAiinapn y nii.ty yHHuiTaBaaa OBe 30^e npcKajy 
BotiKe OABapoM oa HCKyBaHor jinuitia apwioKe h AJBaHa. 
3a OB8J iui.l V3MV 14 KH.iorpaMa jininiia apwioice, Koje 
3a no.ia qaea cyBajy y 50 AHTapa BOAe, n OHAa oa 
BOAe y Kojoj je KyBano ^Buike AysaHa aoaW 3a no- 
vioBHHy, ko^hko ce KyBaaeii ao6h;lo OABapa oa apTH- 
qoKe, BotiKe npcKajy pacrBopoM, hohito ce ncxjiaAH. 
Oceii Tora npcKajy BotiKe h pacTBopoM Kpeqa. 3a OBaj 
\\\\.\> y:',My 7 KHJiorpaMa Kpe^a y 100 ,/iHTapa BOAe, na 
Kpe^HHuu AOAMJ 1 &rp. canyHa 3a npan>e, 0*5 Krp. 
iicryuaiia cyMHopa H TpeLaHy BOAe, na thm npcnajy 
BoliKe BHuie nyia. A a& ce yHHHiTe *iaype y 3eM&H, 
iijxMiupyqyje ce npeKouaBaite 3eM.i>e oa HOBendpa &o Maja 
Apyre ro^iae h Aa ce 3eM,i>a 3aTHM hito 6o^>e yia6a, 
la ce TiMe roraeqe 6B6 iaype. 

whoqkmq rjx hi n,r na 30Jba (Tenthredo — Ok: 
diufl albipes). 3o&a bogb jaja na aoh>oj cTpann jiamlia 
TjK'iini.f, Kpynnte, bubo, ipsa b Kajcije, ooiiuho m3- 
petiapa. 08 jaja B8MH46 BacKopo ryceHHij,e, 
Koje OAMax iio'iny iiit."hth .ihct ii;i B0M6 cy, j\n ra 
HOCTynuo cBera H3<5yme h Bojeay. fco Kpaja Maja ii.m 



396 



BOUKE H BORE 



AO no./LOBMHe jyHa qecro ce 3(>or hhx He Moate bh^th 
Ha Bono hh je^a-H neo ./lhct. Ka^ ce pa3BHJy noTnyHO, 
3apHjy ce h^htko y 3eM;i>y y TaHKy laypy, a no kojh 
nyT y^aype ce h Ha caMoj bohkh H3Me$y ^sniha, h 
'ra^a ce Bet noo/ie HeKO^iHEO AMa nojaBe caBpmenH 
HHceKTH, qflje ateHKe joni HCTor jieTa Hoce jaja, ^Me 
ABa nyT y toaeee. 3o^a je Ta^a ^a^ieKO nrreTHflja Hero 
ae Ka^ naype npe3HMe y 3eM.&H, jep y noc/Le^iteM ciy- 
najy 3a ro^HHy ^aHa ^ajy caMO je^Hy reHepaHnjy, nel)y- 
thm y npBoj — ABe. 

/l,a ce niTeTO^HHa yHHMTH, npenopyqyjy ce ncia 
cpe^CTBa Kao h npoTHB n,pHe TpemiteBe 30^,e, a Hapowro 
ne Tpe6a nponyuiTaTH OKOiiaBa&e Bokao y o6emj KpyHe. 

3oJba na ozpo3y it puumMi (Nematus ventri- 
cosus). 3o&a ce jaB.La y aupujiy. 3EeHKa CHece j\,o 
150 jaja Ha AEw\q orpoaa h pn6H3^a, H3 kojhx Ha- 
CKopo H3MHjie ryceHHne (,iapBe). ryceHflH.e,onrreTe aeu&q 
to^ihko, a& oji, H>era ocxauy caMO pe6pa ; a KaA hx je 
noBEHie, ouiyre cacBHM ne.ay dn^y. xIko ce hfmq 
non^anie, 3rp*ie ce y o6^iHKy S h y tom crany cnycie 
ce Ha 3eM^y. Ea/i, noxnyHO Hapacry, iuto tea npa 
Kpajy Maja, 3apnjy ce h^htko y 3eM;ty, y kojoj ce h 
yqaype. ^aypa je H3MemaHa c rpy^Bajia 3eio>e. H3 H>e 
H3^ia3H caBpiueH HHce^aT, 30Aa, Bet nooae qeTHpn He- 
WJbQ h OBa o^Max OTno*me hochth jaja. Ha Taj Ha*iHH 
ryceHHD,e OBe so^e jaB&ajy ce y ,pa Maxa: je/jHOM 
KpajeM anpn^a, a Apyrn nyT y aBrycTy. TyceHMij.e Koje 
ce jaBe Apyrn nyT npe3HMe y 3en.fcH, oj\&kag Kao ca- 
BpmeHH HHceKTH H3^ia3e y anpn^iy. 

fl,B, ce ryceHHne yHHinTe, r rpe6a hx CTpecTH c bo- 
haKa, a ^,o6po je n era ce BoLne npame nene^iOM. OceM 
Tora Mory ce TaManHTH Ha hcth HannH Kao e 30.i»e na 
TpeuuuLua. 



HEIlPHJATEJbll BO-RAKA 



397 



j\& oa Tora 



S. BamH. OBAe ce ytfpajajy: 

Kpeaea earn (Schizoneura- lanigera, &a. 237). 
V <»ninTe ce ApM r \a je 3a jatfyice hcto 'mko CTpamaH 
inieToqima Kao h on.ioKcepa 3a Ji03y, jep ce AOKasyje, 
&a ce ii ona Kao h $iuoKcepa jano pa3MHoataBa, h 4,a 
He CTjnua MHoro o,\ x.ia^Hor BpeMeHa. HfreTa je oji, 
H>e y TOiie, mTO ciime coKOBe H3 BotiKe, na joj tom 
npuiHROH npoyspoKyje TaKO Be-iirae pafie 
qedo n car hum yrHHe. Y JeBpony 
npeHecena je Kao h $MOKcepa H3 
AiiepEKe, a y Koje aotfa, ne 3Ha ce 

MHO. Ho HeKHM HHCUHMa, OHa 

je jora IS 10 BH^ana Ha ocrpBy Jep- 
sejfl y IlnrjiecKOJ, a no eeKHM oner 
npoHa^eHaje njuui hyt 1s14 y Hop- 
Mamnjii n y BpeTai&H. 

EajonacHHJa je iirn'To'iiiiia ja- 
6ysava, a H3y3eTH0 enormia h Kpy- 
OIKe, r \\\i,\ ii iiiiinart (py;i;v). 

KpB8Ba I'.aillji' B3$aMHAHJBJlHCHHX 

uaniii (Aphida), a 30Be ce raso iiito 
♦Mia iiycnicoK, KOJHJeijpBeHKao 

KpB. lia.l C6 i;|.|',;iim uaill MCTHOy a^KO- 

IOjO (imiiipUT), 6p30 AOunje ::ara.CHTO- 
M y 6ojy ii ihm -rane nenpo3paMHa. 
KpBaBa nam jaB&a ce y ^Ba o6./WKa: Kao 6ec- 
irpH.ma ii i:ao i; jui.ia i ;i . 

BecspiUHa KpBaBa nam je Bp^o suuena (oko 

M. .i,v;i;iint') ; no Jiei)HMa je o6./ia; oji, cpeAHfle iimpa, 

a h;i iaBpmyje rynra BpxoM (tpthijom). I>ojo je 

[qacTO-ipKe, CAe^a BHine njiaBireacTo-MpKa h 6^HCTa 

ii'iadnx, l'.ynacTiix n.iani, KOJHX 
lapo'inTo na ii<MMc r ii[,cM T|Mlyiiiiioii iipcreny; 




Ca. 237. KpBaBa nam-, 
C Marima, d npfuaxa 
ym, b roMii.iiiuo OBHX 
yiiiHj'y iia,\t)jy boKkg 



398 BOUKE H BOUE 



OBe ce OTupy h oneT Apyre HOBe nopacTy. HMa cpa3- 
MepHO KpaTKe ^aHKOBHTe nnnKe h qeKHitacTy cnca&Ky 
(Pbulhhj) 3a dyineae Kope. 

M^aAa Bani je 6oje tiHAndapHe. 

KpoaTa KpBaBa Bam je iia^o BeLa oa 6ecKpMHe; 
ipn q^iaHEa H3 kojhx je cacraBAeHO Te^io Ma./io cy BHnie 
pasMaimyTH, omi cy joj Kpyniraje, nanus TaH>H, Ae^a 
cy MpKe 6oje Kao ^OKO./iaAa h HMajy 6e^H^acre B^acn. 
KpEwa, Koja cy CTaKJiacTo CBe^a, coanajy ce Ha Tejiy 
c^eMeHacro, n imoro cy Ay&a oa Tcaa. 

BecKpoHe KpBaBe Banm pafyajy JKHBe M^a^e ties 
npex.OAHor onjio^eita. M^a^e Banraue ce npecByKy ne- 
ko,ihko nyTa, na h OHe nocjie 14 Aana pafyajy lua^e; 
h TaKo ce HacTaB^a pa3MH02KaBaH,e npeKO .lOTa y 8 ao 
11 KO^ieHa (reHepanHJa). Mnoaceite hm je orpoMHO, TaKo 
Aa CBaKa Bain poAH 30 ao 40 m^ahx, a npeKO ^eia 
HaMHOKH ce oa jeAHe MHAHOHoa hobhx Banrajy. 

jeceHH (y cenTeMdpy, a HeEaA Beti h y aBrycry) 
poAe ce h TaKBe Banra, Koje HMajy no^erae oa Kpoa; 
oa obhx nocTajy Kpn^aTe BamB. Kpn./iaTe Bauin cy r ra- 
Ko^e ateHKe h Mory ce haoahth 6e3 on^o^eita, Hy caMo 
c tom pas^HKOM, iuto OBe Tpaare 3a u-io^eite Apyra Mecra, 
Te Aa Taiio 3acHHBajy hobo HaceodHHe oa KpBaBe Banin. 
OHe pafyajy MJiaAe oa A^e Bpcre: Bete h Maite, Koje 
cy 6e3 cHca^Ke, h HaJBHme 5 — 10. Bete cy atyie Kao 
MeA, h to cy ateHKe ; a Maite cy 3eJTHH>aBO-3e^eHe, h 
to cy Myayann. KaAa ce cnape, ^eHice CHecy no jcaho 
3HMCKO jaje, Ha hcth Ha^HH Kao qoKOTOBa Bam ($h- 
.lOKcepa), H3 Kojera HCTe jeceHH (a noH^KaA Ha npo- 
Jiehe) H3MH./LH Bani Kao poAOHaqe^HHi],a HOBora poAHora 
CTaCka oa 8 ao 11 KO^ieHa (reHepannja). 

KpBaBe BamH HeMa HHKaAa Ha jiEiuhy, Hy na 3e- 
^eHOM Mdaaapy, Kao oCm^He JiHCHe Banin. Hcto TaKo 



HEIIPIlJATEJbll BOTvAKA 399 

H>e Heiia Ha zmtkom aco.iy (crapnjeM CTafoy) ylzjkitkum, 
MncTBM NtfL&wn rpana.Ma. 36or Tora nrro ona cbojom 
enca.tKOM vase \a npo6rije cano iieiiaHy h Hjia^y Kopy 
h neiKHiije A6AOB6 ApBeHora TKasa, KpBaBa Bam ce Ha- 
CTanii najiipe mi M.ia r v>M ApseTy, .leTopacTHMa, na h 
na p&ft&BHH MecTBMa na ,i,ou.iy, Te Ta^a cnpe^aBa 3a- 
pamliiiHaH.e. i;a«>: y HjKOTHffa»a oa Mpasa, Ha paHawi 
o,\ paKa (xHBe pane), panuMimia na Kopn h noBpeAaaia 
OBe (oa 3apesa, narn.e'ien.a). cnojiiini MecTHMa oj\ npn- 
cabiiHaif.a. orpi30THHaMa o,\ MBiueBa h ryH^e^a Ha Any 
in sopeHa. BeLiiHOM inia KpBaBe Bainn Ha ohoj 
npann rpana n rpaipinna, Koja je y 3aBe r rpHHH, 3a- 
K.i<»H.ena 04 Kiime. 

T^e KpBaBa Bam ytfcue Kopy, HacKopo ce to MecTO 
BBAjje 11 iianpaBe ce rpoMy.tacTH otohh h omvubun, kojh 
ce pacnpcny 11 naqnHe ce OBeke paHe. rpaHqHije, Ha 
KOJHva ce to ^emaBa, yc./ieA OBora He iiory Aa ce pa3- 
Bijajy, oc.iaue. H€ Mory im j\& ca3py, na aKo ce He 
ocyme 0,1, pana, npoMp^nyhe oj\ 'smie. To hito 6nBa ca 
rpaH'iiina.Ma, oiiiui 11 ca ne.uni ApseTOM, Ka^ ce Ha H»eMy 
bbmhosb KpBaBa nam. ('HiiiyhH cok H3 ^pBeTa, KpBaBe 
bhiiih eacBHi oc./ia6e bohkv, a oa OTOKa h paHa, Koje 
cy BOMeAH^a y6aAan>a, BOhKa cacBHM H3He>iorHe, npe- 
-iant' pa^aTHj re ape a nocie npona^a, ocymn ce. 

H.iara B x.ia r T,H<»}.a Ma. 10 y^H KpBaBOJ Banra. 3hmh 

U.iaMH ,\}n.U! V IIYKOTIIIie, HAE Ce CaKpHBa HCHOA 

asiMKa, iiaJBiime aKO cnfye y 3eM^y j\q KopeHa, na y 
npoieta oner cc npalia, bko ce y Tone cpeACTBHMa 3a 

vraMaiMlK.'UM' B6 ciipciii. 

66 na KOpi rpaii'inna. rpana n J[q6ah ona::n 
n.iap.H'facio-nf.iii npa.Mi'H o r i, ityne (CA. 288), KOJB J6 
J B6K04HBO na.ini; na GH6SHB npa.Mfii, BHBB j< 1 fifik 66 
TJ 1ia.i1.iH KpBaBa I'.ain. I.'a 1 C6 npCTOM pa:',rpiic nynarni 



400 



BOUKE H BOUE 



HaB^aKa, onasnte ce carae Banra, cHTHflje oj\, MaKOBa 
3pna, Koje ce Ty Ha^ia3e 3Apy^eHe, na Ka/i, ce hoktom 
amene, ocTaB.tajy Ha HOKTy itpBeHe Mp^e Kao KpB. Kp- 
BaBe Bams MBe OB^e Kao TpoMe MBOTH&nne, rycTO 
je^Ha y3 Apyry, Kao Haceo^HHa (KO^OHHj'a). Ha^noBp- 




O. 238. TpaHa ja6jKe cnonaAH3 r Ta KpBaBOM Banm. A ByBa kojom 
ce uainn noivpnBajy; b KpBaBe Bamn. 



niHHH Ha^ase ce h ijpBeHii MpKO-atyra H36an,aJH ? kojh 
noKpHBajy ^pyinTBa h ncno/i, kojhx ce OHa ocekajy 6e3- 
de^HHJe. Byfla Heo/i, BHpn ja*ie H3 nyKOTjraa, a to je 
HapoiHTH ciy*iaj y Majy h jyHy ; y jy^iy e aBrycTy HMa 



HEIIPHJATEJbH BOHAKA 401 

je BeL iiaH>e, aok xpaje cyma, a Aonnnje c jeceHH oneT 
BHnie, aok ce 3hmh je^Ba onama, n paHe cy OH^a ./Ly- 
on Made uoje. ^hm Bam Ha^raHH y6oA, nojaBH ce otok 
(rysa) n 3axBaxH n caMO apbo (c-i. 239). 

M.ia^e Ba- 
ran, e*a Henajy 
BHiue MecTa OH^e 
W cy nocTajie, 
pa;:Mn.ie ce no 
CBHMa rpaHqnua- 
Ha na ApBeTy, Te 
no H>HMa Tpaxe 
iecTa 3aH0BeHa- 
ceodHHe. 

Ca je^Hora 
ApseTa Ha Apyro 
sapasa ce mapa 
nor.iaBHTO Kpa.ia- 
TOM BaniH. Kpa- 
.laia Bam Jiera 
Hp.io .laKO, a h 
BOTapje pa3HOcn 
A&A6K0 : na KaA 
iia r i,ne Fia jaoyiiv, 

oAMH.Hi Ha AORy 

erpan] Aicra, Ty 

ce cm u [hi ii OAMax 
ii«)'iiih.»' iLio^e&e, 

IIITO i (1 Ha- Cu ~' >jiJ - ( ^ T01 * H ' K °J e npoyspoityje KpBaBa Bam. 

npeA oracaHO. 

,l,;i.i,r. Bapasa ce npeHOcn jom: 

1. UpeHomeaei [sapaseraK caAnwna jatfyKOBHx, 
KpymKOBn mta. ; 

26 




402 BO*RKE H boi;e 



2. IIpeHouiefteM 3apaateHHx BHJOKa; h 

3. Epe^asoM a>jae H3 3apaaceHHx 6aniTa e boh- 
itaKa y 3ApaBe. 

Kao-mTO ce H3 npeA&nx o6janra»eH>a Moace Beti 
yBH^eTH, nojeAHHau,, caM no ce6n, He Moate MHoro niTa 
yqsHHTn 3a cy36njaH»e KpBaBe Banm. YTaMaH>HBaH>e 
KpBaBe BamH e cy36njaH>e 3apa3e Mopa ce BpniHTH ysa- 
jaMHUM MepaMa. Te ce siepe cacTOJe y OBOMe : 

1. Cbh HMaonn ja6yKa (KpymaKa hta.) Ay^nn 
cy ne.aor .ieTa pe^OBHO, cBaKnx 14 Aana, npeMe^aTH 
CBa MecTa r^e 6e momo 6hth KpBaBe Bains, na nnM 
ce ona3H n./iaBHqacTO-6e./ia ByHa h ByHacTa HaB^iaKa, 
Tpe6a je OAMax Ao6po nnmeTKaTM onrrpoM qeTKOM h 
MecTa ibto 6ojbv o^hcthth. M^a^e rpaHqnne Ha KoJHMa 
HMa BaniH Tpeda o^Max OAcenn e czmiautu. 3apaateHe 
BokKe y tfanrraMa h BOHH>an,nMa He Tpe6a ^yro TpneTn: 
^hm hm ynoTpe6^>eHa cpe^CTBa He noMaaty, Tpe6a nx 
HCKonaTH n cnajiHTH a& ce 3apa3a oa h>hx He mnpn. 
Ha bhxobo MecTO He Tpe6a oneT caAHTH ncTy BpcTy 
BotaKa. HcKonaBaae Tpe6a a& 6yA^ y ^eTo; a aKO ce 
to paAH 3hmh, Tpe6a h 3eM^»y oko HCKonaHe BOHKe otko- 
naTH h yoonnTH, na HaMecTO H>e Apyry AOHera. 

2. CBaKor npo^ieLa npe AHCTa&a, a HaJAa&e ao 
1 anpn^ia, Aya&aH je CBaKH 3apaateHy BOHKy Ha no- 
AaHEy (6ae3j KopeHa), nonrro ce 36M.&a Majio OTKona, 

(SpHfflM&HBO O^HCTHTH. IIpH TOM HapO^HTO Ba.fca HMaTH 

y BHAy MecTa, Ha KoJHMa cy Bainn 6eaq nponme roAHHe. 
Ako cy BamH MHoro cnona^e rpaHqnne n rpaHe, Ba^a 
KpyHy jaKO cpe3aTH, BOHKy noAM^aAHTH. 

3. Bh^o Ha BOHKaMa KpBaBe Banra eae He 6eao, 
paHe, Ma oa qera OHe npoH3Hnme, Tpetfa OAMax 6pnat- 

jLHBO O^HCTHTH H 3aMa3aTH BOhapCKHM BOCKOM, a^H TaKO 

Aa ce CBaKa paHa norayHO noKpnje. 



HEriPHJATE.'bll BOTxAKA 



403 



4. He yaiiMaTH HnnoniTO caAHHHe h bhjok6 na 
pacaABKKa I upeAeaa, r^e je AOKasaHO A a HMa KpBaBe 
Banin. Aomum .in ce, a& cy Ha6aB.^eHe caAHHne n bh- 
joKe 3apaxeHe, Tpetfa hx feyciOBHO cna^iHTH. Ako cy 
que ua6aB.LeHe H3 cyMwueux Meda, Tpetfa hx HnneT- 
k»th oniTpuM qeTKOM, na OKpewrn; Ay^a MecTa Ha 

. AOKde MeTKa He oh AonHpaaa, Tpe6a AyroM 

MeTKHUOM (ca AyrflM CTpyHasia) 3aMa3aTH Kpe^iHHM ioe- 

kom, ii.ih BOhapcKHM MejieMOM oa V s H^OBaqe, 2 / 5 ro- 

re n l / t Kpe^a (h.ih MCTynaHor yr^a ApBeHor), 

ii.w onpaTH jaKOM canyaaBHHOM (oa 3e.ieHor canyHa). 

5. 3a(jpaHnTH CBaKH npe.ia3aK £>yAH H3 3apaateHnx 
niiiiiTu h BofiitaKa y He3apaffieHe. 

Ayn, npenopyqyjytn HeKH hobh Aem (cauonapooj) 

npoTHBy icpBane BaniH y jeAHOj cbojoj Opomypii, H3pa- 

Myiiao je, kojhko ce Bamima oa jeAHe MaTnne Moace 

A'imhtii y TOKy cbhx reHepaunja. TaKO bcih: „Ako ce 

<i,\ npBe reHepanBJe npe3HMe caMo 30 Bamiiua 

i! ,ia ce oa CBaKe AoCnje saTHM no tojhko Aua,i,ii\, 

OH^a he y ueioj reHepaunjii 6hth 24,300.000, y ocmoj 

a y ,i,(rcTOJ 590.490 MHJLHjapfla!" Ko- 

IHKOJe W'.lllKa Til cv.Ma. lie A a ( ' (l HB aa.MUCAHTH, H 3aTO, 

o aoj moiuo HMaTii npana noJMa, n Aa 6h ee 

yi:n.i,<i<> y BOJoj je Mepn hcthhhto .AyupBO pa^rynaii.e. 

je CBe to npeACTOBHO y sytiHHM MeTpnMa. 3a oc- 

'iiiiniiy) y3eo je, r i,;i j<\i,Ha Bain 3anpeMa oa npn- 

ABKe 1 Kvohii MU.llJMejap. DOTOMe: 

Inn i i ; i f 1 1 1 1 j I ; t :;;iiip<\\ia.io •'ill 1 Ki:;i,l,p. can Tll.Mc rap. 

1.000 liiimmiii sanpeM&ie 6b 1 kyoiih caHTHjieTap. 

1 mjuhoh itamiiiia ::aii|»c.Mao un 1 Kita.i.paTini Mciap. 

1 Mii.inj;ip,l,.i I'.aiiiinia .;aiip<'.\ia.ia nil 1 i:\niin Mi'iap. 

if CBHX 590.490 Mil.injap.ia itaiililli.a, 

.10 on ,l.;ii:.lo npi S90.490 Mll.illjap.l.a KVuiinx 

iiiyn.iania jc.nioi' S&&63HBHS0I isaroiia aa- 

.p;i. oiij,;! nil .;;i npi'ilnr CBHX A6C6T 

pasBJa Tpetiaao oicpyiuo yseTH 29.525 BaroHa, b aao 

26* 



404 BCRKE H BCRE 



je^aH B03 Tepa 50 BaroHa, OH^a 611 3a OBy kojh i ihhy 
Tpe6aj.o Ha 600 B030Ba, na Aa ce npeHecy noTOMHH je^He 
je^HHe MaTHue (Banra) oa aeHHx ^eceT KOJieHa (reHepa- 
Hnja). Ko^ihko 6h TeK Tpe6a*ZLO BaroHa h B030Ba 3a re- 
Hepaunje ocTa^LHX BaniHHa h KaKO 6h h Hajpa3BHJeHHJe 
ApBO ja6yKe 6kio HHmTaBHO caMO npena tomh.ih Ba- 
nrana oa je^He reHepan,HJe Koja 6h 3anpeMa.ia rpAocnjy 
oa 590.490 MH^iHJapa.a.a Kydrnix MeTapa?! 

y CTBapn Tora HeMa; h niTeTe, Koje ce npnnncyjy 
KpBaBoj Bainn, HHcy xaKo CTpamHe. ITE'reiy, Kojy 6h npena 
OBOMe y^HHiLia KpBaBa Bam 3a je^aH AaH, He y^HHH OHa 
hh 3a 10 ro^HHa. 

HapaBHO, Aa cy ce c Tora, hito ce KpBaBa Bam 
HCTira,a^a Kao nocBe CTpamaH HenpHJaTe^b ja6yKa, B3- 
Ha^a3Hjia n HCTnn,a.,ia y hcto Bpesie h MHora cpe^CTBa, 
KOJHMa ce KpBaBa Bam Mo^e yTaMaHHTH. H>hx HMa Bp^io 
MHoro, a^n ce H3Mei>y cbhx HaJBume neiie: 1) ijelj, kojh 
ce npaBH npe.iHBaH>eM nene.ua boaom ; 2) CMeca oa ca- 
nyHEue h co^e, eae canyHme h ABOJHor HaTpnjeBa Kap- 
6oHaTa (2*5 Krp. Ha 100 .iHTapa) ; 3) pacTBop oa 
2 Krp. co^e h 1 Krp. crance y 50 ^HTapa BO^e; 
4) yaM^iaqeH (Tona^i) MHHepnH, mio je oco6hto Aotfpo 
cpeACTBO, jep KpBaBe Bamn OAMax y6nja; 5) mnapHT, 
pa36^iaa:eH boaom ; 6) HeciepoBa THHKTypa : 200 rpaMa 
mnnpHTa, 100 rpaMa MeKe paoje (naTOKe) n 50 rpaMa 
3e^ieHa canyHa, a CBe obo H3MemaH0 c to^ihko boao, 
Aa ce HanyHH moo oa ./lHTpa; 7) Ayme cauo- 
napfioji; 8) Teji^oea TuuKTypa, 20 rpana TepneHTHHa 
pacTBopeHor y TepneHTHHCKOM y^>y, 20 rpaMa cynnopHor 
yr^beHHKa h 60 rpaMa ciaTKora M.ieKa; 9) CMeca oa 
2 A&fla HerameHa Kpeqa h 98 A^OBa cyMHopHor HBeTa ; 
h 10) neTpo.ieyM (rac) pa3fl/iaiKeH boaom, hta., bta. 

Ha HHTaae, Koje je cpeACTBO Haj6o.&e H3MeI>y obhx 
h HecnoMeHyTHX, Tome OAroBapa: „He Ba&a hhjcaho ! 



HF.nPIIJATEJLH BOHAKA 



405 



CBa cy una. He.ni. Bime na&e nanpeHo cnyna, He3roAHa 
n onacH.t. Kao u koa .tYAn n ocTa^inx MBOTnita, TaKO 
je n koa on.taKa n BoKaKa MaBHO cpeACTBO npoTUBy 
cbhx roTOfiaHa qncTOTa, Aodpa n CHaaiHa xpaHa n Ao6pa 
Bera, na je to cpeACTBO Bp.10 yAecHo n 3a TaMaH>en>e 
KpBaBe Bamii. Obo y to^hko npe, bito ce hcto cpeA- 
ctbo npenopyqyje n 3a Bet noiieHyTe BHceKTe kojh cy 
Aa.ieno BetiH HenpnjaTe^n BoLaKa Hero KpBaBu Bam, 
jep oa n>e y a^^ko ja^oj Mepn noApnBajy pa3BnjaH>e, 
>upaB.i,e h poahoct BoLaKa." 

cmc ecmu (Aphida). Y3BMa ce, A& CBe BokKe 
C6H KecTeHa h opaxa naiajy cbojhx Bamnjy, a no HeKe 

imiiie pyKV, a«in Hajo6n*mHJe cy : 3ejieua ja6yKoea 

(Aphis niali). ^peeua jaGynoea earn (A. sorbi), 
".[>h<i fpeumeea earn (A. cerasi), uubueoea earn (A. 
pruni), opecKouna earn (A. persicae) h pu6u3Auua 
. ribes). HaJBHme hx HMa y BpxoBHMa JoaAapa 
(m. 240). IUk'th je oa h>hx y TOMe, bito cnniy co- 
KOBe ii 3 .iiiuiha ii M.iaAHX (3e^eHBx) A^OBa, bito ce 

MHOse, Te ce oxyAa jaBJbajy y bcjiukhm kojiohh- 
ja.Ma. na y ranoM ciyqajy 3anTBBajy crone (nope) h 
me 'iipe'iaiiajy iipaBii.my paAH>y obbx A^OBa. MHoaie 
ce obbko : MVHijauii c Kpn^flMa jaB.tajy ce noA jeceH 
ii Ta,i,a ce cnape ca seHKaMa. ^Kernca no tom hoch 
jaja y nysonnifl nope, Koja tv h npe3HMe, a MyatjaK 

sxa yrmiy hhm 3ax^aAHH. H/3 jaja H3nfyy caMe 

K6HK6 ii i.piLia, na aaTHM noce jaja 6e3 cna- 

piiBan.;!. jep y to ftotia Sena KjagaKa. To ce noiiaB^a 

3a B6KI2 flbtffl roHepaiiqja j^q jeceHH, a Ta^a ce no- 

mu. 

Ilaj<Vi,e ce TaManc onrrpn.M wncaMa i spegeaeif, 

OBaj iiii.i. npeiiopyivje C6 npcKaii.e AJBaHCKOK BOAOM, 

•.v. ii<'},t'M ii aABapoM fiejior .iyi;a. 



406 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Bamu na nopu. Bamn H3 po^a Coccus h oaMH^nje 
Psylidae jaB^ajy ce o6hto) Ha MaiKoj Kopn, n y TaKo 
bcihkoj ko^h*ihhh, a& Mory 6hth h niTerae. MMa hx 

h Ha jady^mnnaMa 
h Ha KonrryHHijaMa. 
TaMaHe ce Kpeqe&eM 
Ae^oBa Ha KojHMa cy, 
h cpeACTBHMa Koja 
cy HOMeHyTa koa *ih- 
chhx Bamnjy. 

9. MpaBH. Ohh 
nneTe BotiKe rane, 
hito 36npajy MeA-fca- 
bhhj c HBeTOBa, na 

TOM npH.lHKOM .lOMe 

h Harpn3ajy npam- 

HHKe ? H HITO OCTaB- 

.tajy Jien^HBy noraH, 
36or Koje ./minke He- 
npaBH^iHO HcnapaBa. 
HajBHHie Han^a3e Ha 
BoiiKe, Koje naie oa 
jihchhx Banraua, jep 
ce xpaHe h>hxobhm 
H3Meu;HMa, a BH^ajy 
ce h Ha BOhKaMa 

C I^pBjtHBHM pOAOM. 

OTyAajenojaBa Mpa- 
BH Ha BOHKaMa 3HaK, 

Aa Taoe BoLice Hncy y CBeMy 3ApaBe h a^ saTO Ha 

h>hx Tpe6a o6paTHTH hito BeLy na^ay. 

EpoTHBy h.hx npenopynyje ce nocnnaite ncnpa- 

meHor HerauieHor Kpe^a okojio Bonao, h^h HaMenrraite 




Ca. 240. M-aaAap ja6yite, cnouaAHyT 
.ihchhm BamHMa. 



HEnPHJATEJbH BOTIAKA 407 

n.iHTKnx cy^OBa c Me^aHOM boaom, Ha Koje ne upaBH 
Han.ia3nTH n AaBHTH ce, hjih a& ce oko ^eCLia BokKHHa 
ooaBnje cyn^ep HanpameH chthhm niekepou, na *ihm ce 
MpaBHiia HanyHH, cyH^ep npciHTH boaom, o^ihcthth ra, 
n eohobo o6aBHTH oko BoiiKe. Ako cy MpaBH y hob6hhm 
K-MiLiaiia, Ba.i.a nx npe-iHTH BpykoM boaom. 

10. 3o.&e h CTpm^beHH, Obh niTeTe 3peo poA, a 
napo i iHTO KpymKe, Kajcnje, 6pecKBe h rpoari^e, h Mory 
uHTu onacHH h 3()or CBora ytfoAa. 

IIpoTHBy 30&a (ocnua) npenopyqyje ce Bemaite cy- 
AOBa ca 3ac.iafyeH0M boaom, y Koje te oce y^e'raTH h a&- 
bhth ce, a oceM Tora Ba^a TajiaHHTH n CBa rHe3Aa H>MXOBa; 
hcto je TaKO Aotfpo, a& ce y nyKOTHHe OAaoe H3.aa3e 
nyiiiTa cvMnopHa napa. BoU Ha inna^npHiia, a Hapo- 
mdto rpoai^e, Mo^e ce oa h>hx 3aoaH>aTH h thaom. 

IIpoTHBy CTpm^enoBa npenopy^yje ce cyjmopHH 
KaA, Kojn ce nymia y rHe3AO Kpo3 H,eB*iHH,y, hah a& 

<>bo HajiHJe KaKBa CMpA^HBa y&a. H jeAHO h Apyro 
Tpeoa paAira H3JyTpa, aok cy CTpm^eHH na OKyny. 

11. CTeHHn,e. TaKO 3BaHe nojbcne CTeuut^e Ha- 
y oGhmho Haj^ienine opecoe h KpymKe, na Ta MecTa 

na poAy npe^y OAMax y Tpyjteae h HenpHJaTHor cy 
a. .laKO hx je no3HaTH no n^omxeM Te^y, a 6oje 
cy iipueiiKacTO-xyTe. 3aTO hx npe Hero poA y3pn Ba^a 
naxAHBo 36npaTH h TaMaiiHTH. KaA ce hchoa hhckhx 
Bofcaxa jami-iH Kpue Ay^aHa, OHAa h cane onaAajy, jep 

HO Tpue 0B8J MHpHC. 



**-**, 



XYI 
nPIJATEM BOMKA 



Bop6a c noMeHyTHM h HenoMeHyTHM HenpnjaTe.LHMa 
(jep mx HMa MHoro) no ce6n je Bp^o Myqua, a mipo- 
hhto ca HHceKTHia, h 0Ba 6k y HaJBnme npH.iHKa 6n./ia 
6e3 ycnexa, Ka# mhoth HenpnjaTeAH BoLaKa He 6e HMa.n 
h cbojhx npnpo^HHX 3aTnpa^a, cbojhx HenpnjaTejta. 

OTy^a je HOTpedHO && cnoneHeMO 6ap HaJBa^Hnje 
npnjaTe^e Botana, Te ^a ce y npn^HKaMa aoa ko- 
PHCthmo, a HeKe h nonajKeMO y H>HX0By nmpe&y, pa3- 
MHoacaBaay. 

Kao npnjaTe^H BOhao CMaTpajy ce : 

1. CeuTte. OBe, pnjyliH swuby, noTasiaHe cniHe 
H,pBe, qaype h 6y6e, Te je OTy/^a cacBHM Ha CBOiie MecTy, 
aKO r.e qerate nyniTajy y Bok&aKe. C xora hito pnjy 
3mjbj, HHje MorykHO ^a ce nojaBe KopoBH, kojh cy 
nneTHH 3a BoiiEe, hito ce TBp^n, nopeA HaBeAeHor, n 
noMeHyTOM Hapo^HOM H3peKOM : „ Ko y HLLHBapy TpaBy 
koch, Taj paKHJy npocn." 

2. Jewceeu 3aTnpy cn^He MnmeBe, Te hx 3aT0 
He Tpe6a y6njaTH. 



riPHJATE.-bll BOKAKA 



409 



. HenpaBe^Ha je hobbo, ^a cy KpTHije 
QIT6TH6 ;KUBOTUH>e. One ce He xpaHe to^KaMa, Te h 
Be B&rpHsaj; ani.ie, Kao ihto to mhom Mnaie. H>hx 
ma je^nHo Taiio, r^e mia ryH^e.La, njma, qaypa h 
y i.mnrre CBy^a, r,3,e cy iraceKTH, jep cy obh aaxoBa 
npnpo.jna xpaiia. na hm ce y Boh&aKy cano Tpetfa 
pa^OBanr. 

4. Ciena Mutueeu xBaTajy o6hoL cn^He HHceKie, 
Koji .ieTe y to 406a. 








C.i. 241. BeinTii'iKo 

:.\0 3a OTHHC 



Ci. 242. BeraxaMKO nie;uo 
3a nTHije. 



. Oa obex DajBaxHHJe: 

,1,'tui, ii Kyncmvw rajiane HHceKie y nyKOTHHaMa 

i.i.iiim r i,»'.nu;iiMa BokiKa; ceuutie h ue- 

iiupy uajniiiiie unceKTe Ha nyno,BHHMa, jicto- 

'i;t ii m.i;i.i,;i|)Ii.m;i : cjiaeyju , u,apuRu , kocogu, 

u e cepamtu cT;iMiiii,yjy CHJ1H6 6y6e, 

ii|»h»' ii \iyi',r. •! wen ii uyaa&yu j<\i,iiiio h ffioe oa 

■Hees 

Hillllt' Ha&6 6B6 CJ IITHIK' KOpHCH6, 8 Hiijio'iHTo 

. w B2 saTO ipetfa orreAeTi; a ,i,;i (Jhcmo hx y 



410 



BCRKE H BOUE 



BoLaaKe n npHMaM^HBajiH, Ba^a no kojh nyT h ^a hx 
npixpaayjeMo, Hapowro npeEO 3HMe; a y #o6a pa3- 
MHoacaBaaa momh 6hcmo mm npaBHTH n BemTa^Ka rHes^a 
(ai. 241 h 242). Ha h 0He nTnne Koje cy no Heo/i, 
mTerae He Tpe6a yCmjaTH, jep, y onuiTe y3eBmn, BHme 
KopncTe Hero dito niTeTe. H>nx Tpe6a caMO 3anjiama- 
BaTH 6eao ^erpTa^BKaAia (ci. 15), 6n.io CTpamn^HMa 
h.ih nynaiteM H3 nyniKe. 




Oa. 243. Tpiy.*>aK. 



C.a. 244. Bamimap (6y6a, laypa 
h jaja), y npBpoAHOJ Be^H^HHH. 



6. Ma6e, zywTepu n yotceeu (cienann) xpaHe ce 

HCKAyqHBO HHCeKTHMa. 

7. Ey6e m po^a Tpnyjbana (mip., £>y()H*iacTH 
Tpqy&aK, 3^iaTHH Tpqy^aK, n,pHH Tpqy&aK hta. c.i. 
243) xpaHe ce naJBHnie ijpBHMa n ryceHHnaMa. 

8. By 6a Mapa H3 rpyne Tpo^aHnx 6y6a, Kojy 
HHaqe CBaKH no3Haje, xpaHH ce aeceem Bamnnaiia. 

9. Bamunap (ci. 244), HHceKaT n3 pe/i,a Mpemo- 
KpiMana, xpaHH ce TaKofye .ihchhm BaninMa. 



nPnJATEJbH BOT\AKA 



4tl 



10. 30Jbe UOT(tJHlU/j (IU>,IM!IKAHW) H0C6 CBOja 

jaja n.in y 6y6e, Hnp. Be.iHKa noTaJHiua (ci. 245), 
h.iii y ryeemme, bah y 
.lenmpe, Hnp. ryceHnqap- 
i;a: upBnkn 30,i>e, hobito ce 
y . xpane ce obhm 
UBOUBUfa', Hajnpe He- 
iHaTiinjiiM .^^OBHMa , a 
nomTo o^pacTy, h Heraim- 
jiiM opraHHMa, Te ycie^ 
Tora TaKBe aniBOTHite mo- 
pajy yniiiyTH. 

11. J lay ii,u. H ohh 

cj Aocra kophchh, jep ra- 
.viaHe niKOA.tBBe 6y6e, Te 
hm 3aT0 iipeate c BokaKa 
He Tpe6a YK.iaibaTH Gap 

1<>K Ce C BoLaKa Ga - 2i5 - EoiaJHima jeaee jaja. 
MyatjaK h semca (npnpoAHa Be- 

taoffH dapa Kopa h .umiHa). 

TM'HiH y KOJHMa ce CKpa- 

Bajy HHceKTH, ii obh Ha Hajno^ecHHJH Ha^HH no^ece, 
Xd EM R6 &1JZ6 Kao jieMO. 





> -<$><^ — ^><£— ^><$-— <$x^ -$><^-- -^><$— $><£— -^x$^" 




XVII 
BOJIECTH BOTiAKA 



KaA ce koa BOhKe npHiieTH KaKBa ciieTita, 36or 
Koje ce HenpaBH^HO pasBHJa, 6eao Aa cy OBe cno^a hah 
HSByrpa, OH^a ce 3a ity BeAH ^a je 6oAecHa. HapaBHO, 
Aa hoa tfoAeniky He Tpeda pa3yMeTH n CTa&e, kua BOHKa 
Hsyupe ycAeA -rora, hito je AOCTHMa Ay6oKy CTapocT. 

Koa BotaKa Morae ce nojaBHTH 6oa6Ct Ha Ae^y, 
rpaHaMa, MAaMa, AHmiiy, na h Ha canon poAy. 

1. Eo.fl.ecTH Ha ie6Ay, rpaHaMa h 3EHAaMa. — 

Ouajia hah eynav,. Kopa BonaKa, Koja je Emi^e 
npnpoAHH 3aniTHTHHK HesKHHX boIihhx TKaaa h cyAOBa, 
H3jioateHa je BpAO pa3AH*mHM HOBpeAana. He y3H)iajyiiH 
y o63np cnoA>aniH>e yTjan.aje, KOJHMa ce Moate omTeTHTH 
Kopa BotaEa, OHa loase *iecTO a& ce odoAecTH n ycAeA 
HenoBO^HHX noroAa, pfyaBHX ocodHHa 3eMA>e, cyBHrnne 
BpyLHHe, cyBHmHe BAare h HeAOBOA>He BAare, a napo- 
i ihto oa jaKHx Mpa3eBa. Ako je TaoB CAyqaj, 3a H>y 
ce Be ah Aa nara oa ouajie. 

^a BOHKa naTH oa onaAe, no3Haje ce no Tone, 
hito je Kopa MecTHMH^iHO upHa, cyBa h BHnie ona^eHa 
h hito ce AaKO A>yinTH, 6oAecT 3axBaTa cnoA>aniH>e CAOjeBe 



BOJIECTH BCRAKA 413 



ApBeTa n jaB.ta ce Ha jatfy^mmaMa, a Hapo^HTO na 

'a'yi;aMa. Oa Mpa3eBa CTpa^ajy noje^HHa MecTa Ha Kopu: 

ecra AOHHHje oMeKinajy h AO^njy HeniTO 3aTB0pe- 

mhjy tfojy, a najnoc.ie n cacBHM Mpsy 6ojy, H3ry6e CBe- 

EHHjj jep boas ncnapn, n npeTBope ce y cyH^epaay 

soja ce noTnyno cacyniH. KpyateaeM coKOBa ra ce 

rojiHsq 3*UHJy a& 3apaay, na ce TaKO Mory npoTH- 

bhth npa3eBHMa, Hapo^HTO aKO HHcy jaKH ; ajia nonrro 

y HaJBHiue npiLiHKa cokobh cnopo Kpyate Kpo3 TaKBa 

;. to je qecro HenoTnyHO h cpanihHBa&e, Te 3aTOje 

ii Mpa3eBH, Hapowro aKO cy jam, no3JieAe h na^nae 

Aa.ieno BeKoM. Bo.iecr OBa jaB&a ce HaJMemtie oko ocHOBe 

rpaHa, rAe je HajatHB.in ko^iotok coKOBa, 3aTHM Ha 6yJHHM 

M.iaAapiiMa, KOJE ne Mory aobo.iho Aa ca3py, h Ha tgdikhm 

MM&ava, ynpaBO Ha TaKHM A^OBHMa, kojh oa Mpa3eBa 

apaAajy HaJBHine h Hajqemtie. 

HpeMa OBOMe, ano ce 3a cafyeite ynoipe6e 3ApaBe, 

emmie h AypamHe copie, ano ce ca^eae B3Bpnra Ha 

Ay6oKnM 3eM.La>ia, Ha yAecHHM no^o^aJHMa, ano ce c 

i nocTyna Kao hito Tpeda, MoryhHO je BotiKe caqy- 

BaTH oa ona.ie. 

ra. Koja naie oa ona.ae, Tpe6a o^hcthth ao 
.upaBora Apseia, na paHy 3aTHM o6^ojkhth foaTOM oa 
cMOHHue h roBefye 6a.iere. J ko^ihko ce paHnje H3Bpmn 
OBa paAH>a ? y tojihko je h ycnex noy3AaHHJH. 

P(ut uak CKopfiyT (cji. 246 h 247). Ako ce sa- 
il van .ie»ieH>e onajie, nair^a3e na paHy 6e3 HKaKBax 
npenoHa bjhuu h naaayx, Te TaKO nocTane jeAHa oa 
najoiianiiijux uo.iecTH BohaKa, nosiia'ra noA HMeHOM pan, 
''ii ii.iii otcuea pana. Oa OBe 6o^ecTH, Kao h oa 
"!ia.i'\ naif ja.lviiiiiiu', a iiaJBHiiie jatfyKC. Aok je ona.ia 
caMo lOTJie ce paK npocTHpe h Ha caMO 

.I'M rora 6yAe hjih cyBO, eaz 36or B^are 



414 



BOUKE H BOUE 



npe^e y Tpy^eae. Oko 060.1e.10r ApBeTa nojaBH ce 
otok, ryEa, c Ma^iHM .leBEacTHM rpoTJioM. Ho kojh nyT 
je Ha OTOEy rpoT.10 HenpnMeTHO, jep h oho 3apacTe, h 

Ta^a je 3dT6ope- 
hu pan. Pas ce 
jaB&a Ha w6aj, 
rpanana h amo- 
pacTHMa , AaE.ie 
Ha CBHMa aqao- 
BHMa BotaEa. 

Bop6a npo- 
THBy TaEO onacHe 
6ojiecTH cacTOJn 
ce y .lenity 060- 
AeAEZ MecTa h y 
yE.iaH.aity y3po- 

Ea, EOJH H3a3HBa- 

jy OBy 6o.iecT. 

KaA ce 60- 

jiecT nojaBH, Tpe- 

6anpeMa,3 I e6.'LHHH 

^e6jia, rpaHa a 

jieTopacTa ncna- 

pa'rn paHy Ha 2 

jyo 5 Mecra no 

AyatHHH. 3acen.H, 

Eao hito je no- 

MeHyTO eoa napa- 

aa BOhasa, Ba^a 

Aa cy y no^jeA- 

HaKOM o^cTOJaay, h a,& ce npOTeaty H3Ha/i, h hchoa 

paHe 3a 20 cm. Je^aH H3Me^y thx 3acesa Tpe6a a& n^e 

npeEO caMe paHe. 




d. 246. A KaKo 
paK nocTaje ; B 
otok, paKOM npo- 
y3poKOBaH nocie 
i HeKora BpeMeHa. 



O. 247. A Tporo- 

AHniHba paHa, naa3Ba- 

na paKOM ; B pacKO- 

KaHH paK. 



BOJIECTH BOTVAKA 415 



Ako je pami noBena, Tpe6a y 406a MHpoBaita co- 
KOBa ca H»e onncrnTn nsyjip.iy Kopy ao HaJHOBnjera 
lUurfijjMQBa c.ioja Ha otoky, h^ih npeaia npn.iHKaMa 

YIMOHUT1I H IK30 OTOK, J,& Ce 3aAp&aHHM A^OM H6 6h 

.u»iuinje OTe;i;aHM.io sapamfiHBa&e, na Mtmi paHy 06.10- 
sm (Aaron 'M, CMOHine h roBefye oa.iere (AOAaje ce 
Ma.10 nene.ia). Ilpn to.m Tpe6a na3HTH, Aa 6a&to He 6yAe 
uABeh siteo h Aa ce y paHy TaKO yrncHe, Aa HHKaKaB 
KHceKai iie HOJte ytn. Ako je Bena pana, Ba^.a 6.iaTO 
06. louth h KpuoM, h OBy hito 60/be yne3aTH. Koa 
Betas pana Moxe ce mccto noMeHyTor 6.iaTa yno'rpe- 
ijutii 11 KaTpan, a ;m Man>e Hnje TaKO yAecaH. KaA ce 

10 pa^H, Tpe6a, Aa 6n ce hothomomo 3apainhHBan>e 
pana. iniiapaTii 11 Kopy Ha noweHyTH HaiHH, jep ce 
THMe Kopa nonynrra. 

PaK y iiaJBiiine r.iyiajeBa n.*a3HBajy hcte y3ponn, 

<a Kojffx nocraje h ona.ia; hv ocesi Tora MOJKe ce paK 

1 ;i 11 npiical)iiBaii>eM, aKO ce BHjOKe y3My c Bohasa, 

naie oa paKa; na n CBami paaa, c kojom ce He 

on ii-MiyiKuo sao iiitu Tpeoa, Moace npenn y paK. 

V BOBHJe 406a AOKaayje ce, A a H ona^y 11 paK 

i.i.iiiuina Nectria ditissima. Taiio Be.ie: 

r.LHBiiiwi T6XH ,v<\ pa3pymH nopeA Kope h ApseTa join 

11 HOBa TK8Ba, a OBa oner HKajy 3aAany, ,\a paiiy ihto 

;t.i»"n\ na 11a Taj iia'iim 11 r.i.iiBnuy Aa noTiiniy. 

Ako r.uiiiuini H;iAJ;i'ia. ihto odnnno £>HBa, pami H3 

1 1 .imy (>HBa cBe Beka n Beta, h to je 

\ aKO ce, odpaiHO, pana 3a.aenH hobhm 

Ti;;m,t'.\i. oii,i,;i i'.i,inuiii;i iiijy.Mpi', 8 Oft pane ornuiy CaMO 
>BH, II TO J6 OUOM. 

11,11:0.111 ,i,,i onaia n pas AOiaae <>,i, jaioa 

irojii OBC nn.iccTii iiotii< IMS ;k\ 11.111 
BHBajy, p.i'iyn.i : 



416 BOUKE H BOUE 



fy6oKO catfetbe. Ka^ noBpniHe ;KHJ.e 3ana^Hy y 
^y6^bH cioj 3eM^i>e, THMe cco^CTpaayje yTnnaj Ba3Ayxa r 
r re ce 3aio h 36or He.40BO.zbHe TonzLOTe h B.iare, Kojy Te 
3KH.ie HMajy ^a npn6aBe, cnpeiaBa CTBapaae atiLia y 
noTpedHoj ko-zihhhhh. BoHKa 36or Tora nena ^obo-zsho 
xpaHe, na y TaKOM CTaay j.aKO h no^.ieate obhm 6o.iecTHMa. 

KaMeuuTa 3dpaeuua. Ka^ ce BOHKe yca^e na TaKHM 
aiecTHMa Koja cy AyfoKa cBera l / 3 — ] / 2 m., a 3aTHM Ha- 
cxaje KaMeHHTa no,zyiora, Htftie BokaKa y cmpHJHM ro- 
^HHaMa He Mory npn6aBHTH noTpe6Hy xpaHy, ihto je 
r 3,o6po I 40inj.o 3a ona.iy h pan; a aKO TaKBe BOHKe Beli 
naie o^ obex 6o.iecTH, 36or ocKy^HHe y xpaHn, Kpeiaite 
coKOBa n^e bpjlo cnopo, Te 3aTO n paHe He Mory ebe&j, 
noinyHO 3apacTH, Bet 3a3HMe Kao Hesaje^eHe. 

Bjiaofcua u xjia&ua 3eMjba. Y TeniKHM aeM.taMa c 
HenponycT^bHBOM sapaBHijOM h y xaa/iHEM no.io;KaJHMa 
BotKe peTKo Ka,a, ycneBajy Kao hito Tpe6a. A ^hm 3a 
nopacT BotaKa ocKy^eBa noTpe6Ha TonztOTa, Koja ce no- 
cTHJKe HcymnBaaeM hzlh .a.o^aBaaeM TpoinHe it JiaKe 3eM.&e, 
oHe 36or MHore B.iare Mopajy cTpa,3,aTH 04 Mpa3eBa, a 
c thm pe^OBHO naTHTH oa onajLe h paica, Te nx 3aTO Ha 
TaKHM 3eM^>aMa He Tpe6a ca^HTH. 

Tlozpewau u36op copara. HMa copaTa Koje cy BHHie 
HaKioaeHe obhm 6o.iecTHMa Hero Apyre, aKO cy y Heno- 
bo^bhhm npiiJLHKaMa. TaKBe cy bchhhom Haj$HHHJe copTe; 
na 3a r ro OBaKBe copTe Tpe6a ca,a,HTn caMO Ha ^o6pHM 
3eM^>aMa h yAecHHM no.ioataJHMa. 

Pfaeo ope3uean>e u ucruaane cornea. *IecTO ce rpaire 
CKpatyjy y Heno^ecHO ^o6a, a paHe ce npn tom He 3a- 
Ma3yjy, ^a ce THMe cnpe^ra Tpy^beae n H3MpjKE>aBaH>e. 
TpaHe, o^iyjoM oMOMJbeHe, 3a^pataBajy ce ,a,a Bnce hzih 
ce KH r i,ajy h Hoce ,a,0Ma. ^ecTO ce BOHKe Tapy h npnTKy 
upeKO u,e.ie ro^HHe ; a Ha noBpe^e Koje BOHKaMa npn- 
^naaBajy Jbj^E. h cTOKa, melio ce kojh ocBphe h Ma.10 
kojh noMHHLka, ,zt,a ce koa aHx MO»e nopo^HTH onaj.a 
h paK. ^hm ce paHe He o^HCTe n He npeMaajy, cokobii 
HHcy y CTaay ctbophth HOBa TKaita, Ben HenpecTaHo 
B^LaiKe noBpe^eHa MecTa, Koja yc^e^ Tora npe.aa3e y Tpy- 
•zseae, a c thm h y ona.zty h paK. 



B0.1ECTII BOHAKA 417 



Cmoaotok, CMOAOTOHuna. Kao iuto je sa ja6y i iHnne 
onaeHa 6o.ied pas, ncro je TaKO onacHa 3a KoniTyHnne 
moaotok. EfeySHMajyta npeHOC h 3apa3y, ko- 
joa ce pas Moave H3a3BaTn, n obj (5o.aecT, Kao n paK, 
H3a3HBajv ncra y3ponn, tj. Heno^ecHe $H3H*me n xe- 
MfljcKe oco6hh6 3eM.LHHe n nenoBO^HH aTMOC$epcKH yrn- 
iiajn. OHa ce no3Haje no Tone, hito ce m Kope 060- 
.kuhx Mecra .lym cMo^ia y Ma&HM eae BetiHM KanAnnaaia; 
A&iOBff, sojfl cy H3HaA TaKiix Mecia, naTe ycieA Tora 
i;j».i<» jaKO, a 6pecKBe n Kajcnje y HaJBHme npn.iHKa 
11 cacBHi npommiy. 

J, a ce 6oamt ksaqhe, panuje ce npenopynnBa./io 
jict'iiaae otfciejiHx MecTa; a,in je m MHoro npocTHJe n 
MHoro tfo.Le napaite : hojk6m Tpe6a yooHHTH ca Kope 
cBy CMOJiy. Ako ce CMO.ia He 611 .aaKO o^Baja^ia, Tpe6a 
je npexoAHO OB.ia;i;imi. 11a satHM o6oAeAO MecTo ncna- 
paTJi no AyjtEHB, 3axBaTajyhH tom npn^iHKOM n 3ApaBy 
Kopj B3Ha^ n nciioA Tora siecTa. Ako ce napaite E3- 
iipiiiii raK«» 11 y CBOJe Bpeiie, 6nne pe^aK caynaj a& 
B it&e n\\\\ oiinvhi'iie cmo^otokom, tj. MoryhHO je a& 

&K6 noTiiyiio mAwe. HajyAecHije je AO(fa 3a 
H3B0^e&e one j»a r i.ii,e (n to KaKO koa BoLana, Koje 

CMOAOTOKa, TaKO H KOA OHHX, Ha KOJHMa je 

piuc) 'M. aiipn.ia ao spaja aBrycra, f i,aoe y cBaKO Ao6a, 

; BO^KJ i:j)V';K»' COKOBH. 

cmoaotok .I'M .13 ii oa HenoAecHe 3ApaBnne, 

ppe(Ja 36MAy ttonpaBHTi; a aico ce jaB^a yc/ieA Tora, 

\oi&e BddOxeHe jaKOJ npunenn, OHAa, Kao ihto 

je noieHyTo, mm boLkb okpototh, n.in ex, mo je 

t.iio, -iiiMf 3axiOHBTH. 

Tpyjbenx cra6jia, OBa ce (Jo^ecT jaBAa BaJBHme 
■ . it«»l.ai;a. soje ce Be Beryjy sao hito rpetfa. 

■ niuajcM iuan\ i;;i,i 0B8 ::a.ia;;u v BOAIKe paH6. 

27 



418 BCRKE H BOTvE 



/],a ce 6<MecT He 6n nojaBH,ia, noTpedHO je ^a ce CBe 
Be^iHKe paHe, Koje nocTajy npoHKOM yoaftaita rpaHa 
hta., inTO 6ojbQ *iMMe npenaaty, h to noniTO ce npe- 
xoaho paHa ymaqa h ocTa^e pa/j,H>e (ope3HBaH>e, yK.ia- 
aaae naTpyta hta.) H3Bpme Kao bito xpe6a. Ako ce 
TaKO He nocTynn c paHaMa, ycaeA B^iare TpyHe iieKO apbo; 
Tpy^eae AOHHHj'e o6y3HMa BHme Maxa, 3axBarn h caiio 
cpu;e ApBeTa, h Ha nocieTKy ce Ha Ae6.ay yKaaiy Bete 
hjih Maae myn^HHe. TaKBe BoiiKe c Tora He caMO ^a cy 
Kpakera BeKa, BeL h y poahocth 3HaTHO nonymTajy. 

Ako je TaKaB ciyqaj, Tpe6a o^hcthth paHy CBe 
AO 3#paBor ^pBeTa, na 3aTHii nocTynnTH Ha HannH, Kao 
bito je o TOMe noMeHyTO koa „Ho/i,M^a^HBaH.a BokaKa" 
(ca. 188 h 189). 

Tpyjbetbe oicujia. H atn.iaMa, Kao n ./lnnihy, no- 
Tpe6na je H3BecHa KO-iHHHHa Ba3^yxa (KHceoHHKa), na 
Aa 6yAy 3ApaBe, h Aa CBOJy paAH>y Bpnie Kao ihto 
Tpe6a. HeoTHitaae B-iare MaBHH je y3poK, 3auiTo 
atn^e npe^ia3e y Tpy.i>eH>e. Bjiara ocia6.&aBa yTHHaj 
BasAyxa h Ton^OTe h hhhh, Te ce xynyc yKHce.in, MecTO 
Aa ce pacnaAHe. TaKaB xyjiyc h racoBH, kojh ce y 
3eMjLH pa3BHJajy, . npH^iHaaBajy BCiHKe m'reTe m^ahm 
3KH,iaMa, a 0Ba je y to.ihko Beta, bito ce npeHOCH h 
Ha HaA3eMHe A^OBe BokaKa, jep ycieA Tora m jismtie 
noatyTH, a ocyme ce h BpxoBH joaAapa. Tpy^eae je 
obo y miHKo atHB.Le, y ko.ihko ce ./inmhe BHme OMeTe 
y CBOMe pa3BHJaH>y ; h aKO 36or Tora npefye y Tpy^eae 
HaJBeiiH a^o HOA3eMHHX A^OBa, OHAa n BOhKa hcmh- 
hobho Mopa nponacTH. 

IIpoTHBy OBe 6o^iecTH Moate ce Ma.io Bi'ra y<ihhhth, 
jep ce OHa o6h*iho orapHBa TeK OHAa, KaA je BeL KacHO. 
4, a ce He 6e nojaBHJia, noTpe6HO je a& ce npe capita 
BotaKa 3eMjLa bito 6o^e ncynra, Aa ce BOhKe caAe Ha 



EOJIECTII BOHAKA 419 



xyMHte, Aa ce 3eM.i>a fyytfpn Kpe^eM, rnncoM e pyme- 
bhhom. Ako Bote BeL naTe, Mory ce y HaJBHine npn- 
amrz cnacm, aKO ce npeca^e Ha Apyro Koje Mecro, y 
K03i c.iy i iajy Ba.ta yooHHTH e CBe Tpy.ie atn^ie. 

2. Bo^iecTH ^Hmka. — OceM 6o^ecTH, oa kojhx 
naTe ApBeHacTH a^obh BotaKa, Bp.10 cy inTeTHe e 60- 
.leciu Koje cnonaAajy aee&q BokaKa, jep obo 36or h>hx oa 
qecTH cacBHM nponaAHe. OBe 6o.iecTfl AO^a3e noMaBHTO 
oa HenoBOwLHora 3eM;i>HuiTa, HeyAecHe noA^ore, Har.ae 
npo.MeHe y tob^oth haul HHa^e oa HaKjiOHOCTn nojeAHHnx 
BoLana 3a OBe 6o.iecTH. Y ko.ihko cy HenoBO^Hnje Ha- 
BeAeHe npn^HKe, y to^hko ce ,iaKme jaB&ajy h OBe 

in, a c thm y tojIHKo jaKine cnonaAajy BoiiKy h 

H3BCCHn Ofl.LHH E StHBOTHftCKH TOTOBaHH (napa3HTH). 

XyTUua. JaB.ta ce Hajqemke Ha KpynmaMa, Koje 
cy Ha neyAecHOJ 3ApaBHnn, e to BeLnHOM eoa ohhx, 
Koje cy npncaijeHe Ha Ayn>y. Bo.iecT ce no3naje no TOMe, 
niTO ysyTHe .iHinte npeno .ieTa, A^Kyie y Ao6a, KaA 
ipe6a a^ je 3e.ieHO. OBaKaB ciy^iaj nacryna, KaA J e 
:ieM.La h.ih cyBHnie B^aatHa eae cyBHme cyBa n KaA y 
H>oj HeMa ftOBOJbEO a30Ta. 3aT0 ce OBa 6o^ecT noate 
otk.iohhth, aKO ce 3eM^a l)y6pn l>y6peTOM, y KOMe nia 
y H3o6n,Ly a30THix MaTepnja, a Hajdo^e nene^iOM, rnncoM, 
Kpe^eii e Te^HHM J>y6peTOM. KaA je cyma, Ao6po je a& 
ce TaKBe BokKe nrro 6o&e h hito *iemlie 3a^iHBajy, Aa 
6e ce 6o.t>e pacTBopoe xpaHHBe MaTepnje y 3eM.&H, a 
e tii.m u BotiKaMa npflBOAH-ae y Bekoj kojihtohd:. Hcto 
ce i»eo jaso u,enn e npciiaite .ininKa e 3a.iHBaH>e seai^e 

topon 3e.ieiie rajiime (Ha JiHTap BOAe 1 ao 2 rpaiia 
94 ra^ane — rBoatfya cy.i$aT). 

Ai;<> 61 ce -i.ynma nojaBHJia e nocie yno'rpede Ha- 
B6A6H12 cpe^CTaBa, ocTajejom jeAHo: Aa ce 3a noA^ory 

'.ii.mu r i,yn,;i. mil. 13 66M6Ha npoH3BeAeHa M./iaAHH,a. 

27* 



4-20 



BOUKE H BO'RE 



KoepotcjbaeocT jiumRa (cji. 248). Ha jiHiuty 




Gi. 248. /J,eo 6pecKBe c KOBpaK^.aBHM AHmheai. 

dpecaKa aiory ce ^ecro Bi^eTH MexypacTH otoijh, kojh 



BOJIECTH BOTIAKA 421 



cj no3Ha*ra hoa hmohom Hoepotcjbaeocr Mimfia. Bo^ieeT 
OBy H3a3DBa r.LHBnija Exoascus deformans. TaKBO .iniuLe 
Tpetfa nocnnaTH cyunopimM HBeTOM, h to ^hm ce 60- 
.iecT npHMeTH, jep ce r.tHBnna Har.10 ninpn. 4, a 6h ce 
o.iainiia.10 nocHnaite, nodoje n nene cnpaBe, H3Met>y 
KOJK ce HaJBHme ueHe Meoooeu (c.i. 249). Koa a je 
KVTnja oa .imia ; b je OTBop, Kpo3 kojh ce Kyraja nyHH 
cyMnopmni npaniKOM; c je qciHK, kojh je yTBpfyeH 3a 
r V».i.y , vicky MexoBa h kojh .lyna hchoa Kyrnje, KaA ce 
MexoBH npHTesy. 36or OBe .lynitaBe Hcna^a H3 KyTHJe 
npainaK (uBeT) y HOAJeAHaKoj uepn y neB aiexoBa, na 
iko ttOAJ6AHasO h pacTypa no 3apaaieHHM MecTHMa. 
II'H-nnaite obo Haj- 
6o.te je npeAy3eTH, 
kua je Bpeiie cyBO 
n t<»ilh>. Ako BeLa 
Ku.iii'niiia.iuiiiLana- 
th oa KOBpaLtaBO- „ 

, r Ca. 249. MexoBH 3a nocunaite KOBpjEJbaBora 

<TII. TpeOa EOCHOa- ^uniha cyMnopiiHM n,BeTOM (iipamKOM). 

H>e EOHOBHTH. IIpBO 

II". • iinaae Ba^.a npeAy3eTH nocie 2 — 3 HeAe.te, oa KaAa 
i fin noTepajy. C Majio TpyAa n c aia^o TponraoBa 
r ce OBa 3io;Ke cacBn.M ii^.ib^ihth h TpyA o6h^ho 

HarpaAHTH. Hckvctbom je AOKasaHO, ah ce koa CpecaKa, 

y oO\iHKy miia.iiipa (navweTa) h c Kojnaia 

MiioiKt.iiio nocTyna, nojaBa one 6o.iecTH nose cnpe- 

MHTii. y npoAete, upe Hero OTno*me Bereiaunja, 

HaUHIU! B8BA& IMIX BpOB V INIlpJIHH 50 — 60 CM. BpOB 

ian,a ce c Bohai;a T6B y jyiiy. 
tiethe Miwllii. !io,i, Tpemaaa n lunnaii.a jaB^a 

B6K6 i.i.iii'.Jinr cyiiicii.c n oii;i r i,aii,c .iiiniha, H 
■a, i:a.i, cy iiohi;e v JOKJ DOpaCTa. fl,0 «-a,i,a imcy 

npofln|eHa <j»«*,vtp..i Hponrey re r.i.inuinr. n joahho je 




422 BCRKE H BOUE 



mTO ce npenopyqyje, 4a ce 3(tepa h cnaAH ona.ao junite, 
Ha Koste rAHBHii,a npe3HM^,yje. 

EpacTe ear 6ozu7be. Ha jinrnky KpymaKa BH^ajy 
ce no kojh nyT 3e.ieHH, H,pBeHKacTH, oKyHKacTH, nac 
BetH, a nac oneT Maan H3paniTaJH, KOJHMa ce npeByne 
necro neo ami. Bo^ecT npoy3poKyje HeKH cnLaHH m- 
bothibckh napa3BT (roTOBas), kojh ce yBpTH y ./lnmhe, 
Koje ce c Tora He pa3BHJa npaBH^iHO. IIapa3HT ce 
pa3MH0JRaBa Bpjio jano, n to npeKO He.iora .aeTa, a no- 
cieAfta reHepaunja yBpra ce y nyno^Ke, r^e h npe3HMH, 
h o^aTJie Ha npo-iete H3^a3H n Hana^,a Ha M^a^o .inuite, 
Koje KBapn Ha HOMeHyTH HannH. KaA ce TaKBa 6o^ecT 
npHMeTH, Tpe6a KH^aTH h cna&HBaTH 3apaateH0 .iHinLe, 
hah ra npcKaTH AysaHCKOM boaom, a ^o6po je h oa 
ce nocnna cyMnopHHM HBeTOM. IIoniTO napasHT npe3HM- 
^yje y nyno^HMa, a oco6hto y BpnraoM, Moate ce Haj- 
bghh ago yTaMaHHTH h npn^HKOM ope3HBan>a BokaKa, 
aKO ce enable BpxoBH ope3aHnx ^e.iOBa. 

Pfa. Ejia noBHDie r;BHBHB;a Koje npoH3BOAe pfyy. 
Oa H>e ^ecTO naTH jinmhe ja6yqHHH,a, a Hapo^nio Kpy- 
maKa. r./LHBHne OBe pa3BHJajy ce Hajnpe na ^pyrHM 
6n^KaMa. Oa h»hx G-ymnosporangum fuscum npodaBH 
npBO Ha pa3HHM KAeoMa (Juniperus sabina, J. tama- 
riscifolia, J. oxycedrus, J. virginiana) h Ha je^Hoj 
BpcTH je.ie (Pinus halepensis), rAe cy no3Ha r re hoa 
HMeHOM Roestelia cancel] ata (Aecidiun cancellatum), 
a 3aTHM ce cnope h>hxobc npeHecy Ha .iHinhe KpymaKa. 
^a ce pfya He 6n mapn^a, noTpe^HO je a& ce y <mh- 
3hhh BoKaKa He raje HaBCAeHH neTHHapn, a Hapo*raTO 
MyBa CMpena (J. sabina), eae hx Tpe6a yooHHTH, 
aKO cy y 6jih3hhh. 

Eujia. K/iHHa r&HBHne H03HaTe hoa hmghom Exoacus 
pruni khbh Ha M^a^HM ellhbobhm poahhm nocaTOia, na, 



BO.lECTn BOHARA )"23 



mhm ce IHAHB8 yKa;Ky, npe^y h Ha h>hx. Ha po r i,y ce 
nojaBC Hajnpe y BHAy Heritor Tiian.a. a .umiuije uycTe 
cBOJe Konne n y can poA. TasBO lii.i.iiBe .nine Ha Kiuy, 
iiHr.itM.ajy Kao MexyHe, no noBpinnim cy pamiBe n dpa- 
#umaci6, a n3nyrpa cy myn.Be; ooje cy Hajnpe »yt- 
KacTe, a hotom ce HaByKy np.i.aBini neiie.i.KOJi, n KaA 
•iia^iiy na seM&y, tj. ne Mory Y3peTH, a 3a to 
Bpeie K.uine (Mime.inje) npefyy c po^a Ha OKO.me 31.1a- 

na ry i upe3HMe. OBane iii.lubp noanaTe cy koa Hac 
inu M6HOM : pozanUj Kpuaaje, uacyjbape on nycrype. 

IIpoTHBy OBe oo.iecTH npenopynyje ce OTpecaite h 
stiipa&e OBaKor po^a, aok je joni ajyhKacT, tj. npe 

K.inne npefyy sa OKO-ine A^OBe, 3aTH3i jane 

i.e ii jaqe Kpeqeae BOhaKa no onaAaity .iiimha, 
ia 6b ce km ime (Mnne.inje) yumiimie y Ao6a, KaA c 
M.ia.uix A&iOBa npe.ia3e Ha poa. 

PfacTe Mp.hr. Ha poAy jadyna h Kpyuiana jaB- 

ce necTO Miioro6poJHe pfyacre 3ip.be. TasaB je poA 

[, a Meco, rAe HHa raKiiA up^a, ooVmo je 

nevKvciio ii ropKO. Bo.icct obv n3a3HBajy jiOKa.inH y3- 

|H»nii. a y pa3BHJaay je noMame h HeKa ivbonija. Morae 

.:dirni. aso ce BokKe Aotfpo Heryjy h aKO ce poA 

nOCHM cy.MIIOpHHM HBeTOM. 




GzsG 30 00 OC QC vC X DC DO OG OG QG QG CC QC OG X QG QG QG X <jJ vC QG QG QG QGQGQOQGQGQgQGQGQCQG"' 




s^^^^^s^ 



XVIII 
BEPBA BO Ti A 



Hnje aobo^ho 4a Botap nponsBOAH Accra n .aena 
Bota, Bet Tpeda ^a My Aa h HaJBety ynoTpe6Hy Bpe^- 
hoct. /I,a obo nocTHrae, Ba.ta Bote ^a npo^aje y ohom 
o6^iHKy, y KOMe ce oho HaJBHine ueira, 6eao to Kao 
CBeate, cyBO h,ih y otMHKy ja6yKOBa*ie, neKMe.sa, ciaTEa, 
KOMnoTa, paKHJe hta. 

Mnoro ce Bote He Moate Ao6po ynoTpednTH caMo 
3aTO, niTO Hnje Kao ihto Ba/ta odpaHO, h ihto ce noo/ie 
6ep6e jionie nyBa. J Hac ce, y obom noMe^y, mojkg 
ce petn, rpenin Bp^io MHoro, jep Mnorn CBOje Bote o6epy 
npe Hero je caspeao, h mocto ^a ra 6epy pyKOM, h^h 
6ap na^.tHBo OTpecajy, oiLiaie ra Montana. 

KaA ce Bote JuaTfl MOTKaMa, HamenH ce, HOBpeAH, 
oa necTH y^apoM, a 04 necTH npn na^y na 3eM.i>y. TaKBo 
Bote npete OAMax y Tpy.teH>e a c Tora, ihto Ha H3- 
Me^y HHje ^eno, hito ce ne Moae Ayro onyBaTH h hito 
je y oniuTe Maae ynoTped^HBO, neHa My je KyA e KaMo 
He3iiaTHHJa oa Bota Koje je ^ieno y6paHO. CeM Tora, 
oa ce Bote M.aaTH, oM^aie ce h rpaHnnue, Koje 6k 
HHaqe ao ro^flHe po^e, n oBa je nrreTa, Moate ce 
petn, MHoro Beta oa niTe're Koja ce HMa 04 Bota, oa 
ce 6epe Ha osaj HanHH. 



BEPBA BOHA 4*25 



Ka.i, ce oa Bona so.ni npaBHTH ja6yK0Ba~ia, Ky- 

BaTn neKMe3 n.in nenn paKiija. hqsq ce Tpecrn, aKO 

je 3e\i.ia otfpacia TpaBOM n.in ai;o ce 3acTpe ciaMOM ; 

to Hnje c.iyqaj n ano ce s-e.m npoAaBara Kao 

CBese, oBaj ce HaqnH He Moa*e npenopy^HTH. 

Bote, Koje ce ate.in npoAaBaTH n qyBaTH Ha Ayace 

Bpene, ipetfa oparn pyKOM. 3a OBaj nn.b ma pa3.iH<raHx 

CTytfa, a naJ3ro r T,HHJe cy OHe Ha ci. 250 h 251, jep 

6epaq c nuux exyda lose tfpam poA n no oKpajnnMa 

spyiie, a £a ce hh jeAHa rpana He noBpeAH n ne oihtcth. 

< >6pae poA nose oepaq, aok je Ha cTydaaia, Aa 

Mete n.in y qapmaB, KOMe Ba.La a& 3aBe^e KpajeBe n 

OBe 3aTii.M Aa sasavi o BpaT n.in n.iene (cji. 252), eavl 

y KOTapmy, soja ce Moaie 3aKa*inTn 3a rpaHy (ci. 253). 

lipviiinije Bone 6epe ce .aeno n 6epujioM (ca. 254); 

j nn.i. Moate no&iyatHTn n o6nqaH Bpr, kojh 

je npope3aH ca CTpaHe n ApfiraoH ymp^eH 3a MOTKy. 

CBaso ce Bone MOpa upaTii y sroAHO BpeMe — 

je 3pejio. A koa BoLa Moaie 6hth: a) 3pew m 

: </. i;a.i, ce yujiaii pofl Moate OAMax jecTH, n 6) sye^be 

/</. \\w\ ce po/| jeAe nocie, noniTO A03pn. 

en Boba HAe ce na to, Aa ce n ociaiaK CKpoda 

tops y ineLep 1 , a^ poA OMeime n Aa 6yAe yKycHnjn 

n MJijuiiii.i.iiHiijii. 

Tpeume h euvme xpetfa Spara, \i\\,\ ll:l ApBeTy 
<y :;|m'.ic. iio;:iiaje ce nek n no 
<:ii<».i,;iian,f'M ii.jr.i, 

Acme jatiytce h tcpywKe r.a.i.a 6pauH oamex, ihm 

e syksacra (Joja, jep noeae OBora ,i,<»oa Bote 

6pao npeapi, 6yae (panmaBO ii.m neKaHO, oa ce laio 

1 Ak<» y po4* ma cipofa (nop. y sajcHJana, spymsaMa, 

ISO B6M8 miii p. y i p«.;Kl,y i, B6 K0S6 



426 



BOUKE H BOUE 



ne MOJKe ^.yro OApataTH, Te My je OTy^a h neHa cia- 
6nja ; Me^yTHM, KaA ce pairaje o6epy, Hapo^HTO KpyniKe 
(Ha He^e^y ^aHa npe Hero noTnyHO y3py), OH^a cy ^.a- 
.ieKO co^HHJe e yKycHHj'e. 





Ca. 250. AMepnqne CTy6e. 



d. 251. A&iepn^Ke CTyoe 3a 
npoB-ia^ieae HSMe^y rpana. 



Jecene h suMcne ja6yne Tpeda HanpoTHB 6para 
OHAa, ma Ha AP^Ty norayHO ca3py, jep ce HHa*ie 6p30 
CMeatypajy h 6p30 ocyme. 



BEPBA RO-RA 



427 



our jariyse n Kpymse, Koje ce ate-ie ynoTpediTH 
six ja6yK0Biuiy, ipeua raKO^e noTnyHO Aa ca3py Ha Ap- 
V Ki.niKuje BOhe 3pe,mje, y tojihro te n jauy- 
ROBaw uiitii «"»o.i,;i. jep tie stfor Belie KO-iH^HHe metiepa 
nan Bnuie a.iKoxo.ia, na he 3a to-ibko 6hth jawa. a 
C tdm h nocTujaiinja. rj. Moate ce (Kao n jaqe bhho) 
oiyBATi Ba ty;i,e Bpejie. 




52. ■lapoai y- C.i. 253. KoTapima Ci. 264. Bepiuo. 

aeraen 3aopuH>e Boha. Ba <»pan>e Boha. 

<njr ii fipeatee Tpeda 6paTH npe Hero noTnyHO 
• i i.a, i;;i.i, ce KQpajy ciaTH na Aa^a oacto- 

•■ K646 yiiuipcoiiTll OAMaX, Ba.l.a HI opaTII 

•niviio caapy, ;i to je y ao(Sa, kw Inl J e MipiicjaK, 

byciw m»'i:;ih;i ii \:w\ ce ncTe./LKa auko kim,;i. 

///./,//>/' sa npoAajy, na soje apm (Jhao, rpe(5a(5paTB 

paHO rojyTpa, HTOKftAcynorayHO :tpejie; acaiioy r.iyiajy, 

be Ifl in;!.!.}. i;;i.i,;i ux ujurni, i;a,i, cy IIOTBpfce. 
Ilpli upaii.\ Ba.l.a HaBHTH, ,\n C6 pyi.'OM lie 40- 

.nij.yjy, jep ee Taaa (fpime ona BonnaHa aaBJiasa — 



428 BOUKE IT BOUE 



nene^aK — Te m^BBe 36or Tora He H3r.ieAajy CBeate. 
HanpoTHB, inybHBe, oa kojhx tie ce KyBaTH neKMe3, Tpe6a 
6paTH, KaA cy yracHTO-iMaBe h oa ce CMeiKypajy, jep 
cy Ta/ia HaJ3pe.iHJe, tj. HMajy HaJBHine niekepa, na te 
/lara Hajjany paKfljy h Hajc/iaijH neioie3. KaA ce in.&nBe 
^e^e 3a obo ynoTpednTH, Mory ce, Kao uito je HaBeAeHO, 
h OTpecaTH ; q,ae hx motkom He Tpe6a M-aaTHTH, jep cy 
po,pe HiJtHBOBe rpaH^MHe Bp^io Kpxe, na ce ™ie MHoro 
yHaaafcyjy y parity ao roAHHe. 

OcooMTy naat&y Bajta o6paTHTH nLLHBaMa OHAa, KaA 
ce saeAe ynoxpeoHTH 3a cymeae. Obo je raaBHH H3- 
B03HH apTHKa^i y Hac, a 6ho 6h h 3HaTHO jann, KaAa 
6h ce 6ep6n ni^HBa yKa3HBa.ia AOBOjLHa naaraa. 

6paH>y h cnpeMH axfoBBa 3a cymeite HaBOAMio 
Ha OBOMe necTy npaBH^ia, Koja je nponncajio MHiincTap- 
ctbo HapoAHe npHBpeAe: 

1. Ilpn 6pan>y nu&HBa Hajnpe^a je h HaJBaatHHJa 
CTBap, Aa ce 6epy OHAa, KaA cy noTnyHO 3pe.ie; a to 
3aTO, uito TaKBe mjBHBe HMajy HaJBHine ciacTH, a Haj- 
Ma&e KHce^iBHe, na cy saTO n npnjaTHHJe 3a je^.o h ocy- 
meHe Mory Ay^c 6e3 KBapa Aa ce OTyBajy. 

y hcto Ao6a m^bHBe, Koje cy yopaHe noTnyHO 3pe*ie, 
npn cymeH>y Ao6iijajy OHy npnjaTHy h npHMaM^bHBy 3a- 
racHTy Cojy h cjaJHocT, Koja ce y TproBHHH jaKO neHH. 
A CBe obo ihhh, Aa ce TaKBe HLZbHBe Mory no Haj6o.zby 
neHy npoAara. 

OceM Tora, KaA cy nLZbHBe noTnyHO 3pe.ie, OHe ce 
•laKHie 6epy n Tpecy, mTO je BaiKHO, jep ce He .lOMe rpaHe 
n He HiTeTH poahoct BOHKe 3a Aa.£>y roAHHy. 

TaKO hcto 3Ha ce H3 HCKycTBa, a *iaKO je h noj- 
mhth, Aa ce TaKBe HLMBe, Koje cy y6paHe y noTnyHO 3pe- 
aom. CTaay, Mory npe n 6o.zbe ocynraTii Hero 3e,ieHO o6paHe, 
niTO TaKoi>e Hnje Ha oamct. OceM Tora ce oa noTnyHO 
ca3pe.mx ni^bHBa Aoonja cpa3MepH0 BHHie cyBnx; n Ta 
pa3JiHKa He h3hoch Ma.io, jep ce 3Ha Aa ce oa Tpn TOBapa 
TaKBHx 3pe./iHx m^bHBa ao^hJc jeAaH TOBap cyBnx; a aKO 



BEPBA BOTvA 4*29 



ce cyme ae.ieHe. Tpeoa "leTiipii TOBapa cnpoBnx, 4a ce 
Aotiaje je r ian TOBap cymix. 

Do TOiie. kg xote ,i.a ima Haj6o^>y n,eHy 3a CBC-je 
m.LUBe. bo xoLe najiioy:? r i,aHiije ^a ce oqyBa 04 uiTeTe 
a naR'KOHOMii'iHi-je m ocyinn nLLHBe, Taj tiena nx y6epe 
OH^a, Ka,i, cy noTiiyno caape.ic. A B&A ce to xoke ^a 
oueHn. Ka.i, cy DX&HBe iiotiivho caspeae, naacj&HBH r \o- 
Mahim nose to oijeniini okom. jep ce bhab Ka r i, ce nLbHBe 
no-niy oko iieTe-.bKc CMesypaBaTH, a rano 11 ykycom. jep 

SHaje, ua,\ cy aoboaho c.i;hkc. iipnjaTne 11 ykycih\ 

HO ynycy. no iioanaToj fiojii 11 /uibiiom iumkm.kv. kojiim cy 

ikv intiiiajc ce 11 no TOMe, uito ce npn 

6paH>y pyKOH Mory .lano ia OABOJe hjlh, aso ce rpana 

OBJLanmo 3&&y.&a, ,i,a caMe .lano ona^ajy. 

Boje ro r i oCMaTpao iii.biiue y DX&HBapy, Tajjeona3uo 

ispesa&e ae nan.iaan ira je,4aH Max. mi iiaje^HOJ 
Bohini. hii y ae.ioM iiLiansapy. Ha itoiiito ce He 

'n-Karn ,i,a cBe in. mine caapy, jep 611 ce mhoto nrre- 
raio, TBue mto 6b Aowe mhoiv npe3pe.ic n onaae, 11.111 
aico to Be, uito on uilio TeuiKo caima paaaiTn, aok ce He 
ocyme; ironrro ce uose y noBeneM BotaaKy no ABaTpa 

Iiyr JKUullpiUaiTll. BaKO Ka,l, Oiic 103p&ie oy r i,y. — TO ke 

an .V'Maliiin y6p30 oiLcmrni. BaAje naj::ro,i,nnje j[o6a, 

i,,i nrpuY no"ieTH, ilea sora Kpaja y m.i.iiBapy. 

2. III.!»iii;c rpeda 6paTB no npoMcuy cyBOW 11 na,; 
:.a HBJe i;.ia;i;na B (UaTaBa. 

3. llpn npan.y in. Lima Be nose ce y Hac 3axT6BaTH, 
py pyBOM, a Myino ,i,a on ce MOrdO ci:ai:n iiyt 

TpaJKHTfl B .l,a Ce npOCTpe no Ma. 10 c.iaMc, KaEO on 
■ 11 Man.c ce iip.ba.ii'. A. in ce MOiKe oneKii- 

CBasora nan;. 1,111501a r -o.Maliiina ia omr.i-e ul&hbc 
: OTpece; a qito He oTiia.nic na raj naMim. to ia 
otfflje npyroM. 

Hni;ai;o ae Tpe6a QaiceiaB .lo.Maliiin ,i,a aonycTB ia 

■ in.i.nitc M.iair motkom n i;i cc TaKO y,i ? apa no 

ipan ce iraore noAoke ooajy; jep na raj naMim 

in.iana' upcKajy n secy 3a cynieBe, a n koI.km ociaHe 

L i [0 noMiiciinii na TO, ,i,a <•<> m.i.nno KOJe 

cnpei Miorpcn.i.yjy .:a jc.io, 11 i;i n.\ yno- 



430 BO-KKE H BCRE 



Tpe6ibyjy MaxoM 6oraTHJH JbjAii, na je, auo xoteMO no- 
Bety neHy, cacBHM npnpo^Ho 4a MopaMo Ha CBe naanTH, 
^a Taj ecnan h ncna^He Aodap, hhct h yicycaH. 

IILzbHBa je npe,a,MeT JiyKcy3aH, kojh ce He TpajKH oa 
iVLa^H, Kao uiTO ce xaq6 Tpaatn, Bet ce Kao h CBaKa Apyra 
nooiacTHHa Kynyje OH£a, Ka/j, ce Hai/e AO^pa, ^HCTa h 
ynycHa; a Ka^ ce He Hat>e y TaKBOM CTas&y, OH^a ce h 
He Kynyje DXZbHBa, Bet Hnp. cMOKBa, opecKBa, jaoyKa hjh 
Apyra KaKBa BotKa, Koja Moate noaiyjKHTH TaKo hcto Kao 
3aciaAa h 3aKycKa. 

OTy^a je jacHo, a& H,pB./bHBe HLfciree He csieno 3a 
cynieae ynoTpeo\zbaBaTH. 

,4a 6H D,pByI,HBe HLZbHBe H3.poJH.in, naaLMBii ^OMa- 

hhhh Haj6o./i»e te y^HHHTH, ano npe,4 6ep6y 3ai>y no Bot- 
BbaKy, na OBwianrao y^ape aaslkor CBaKy bohkv. CBaKa 
te ixpB^bHBa ni^HBa OTnacra o^Max. IIoKynHTH hx no tom 
H„3taTH CBnaaMa, to je Bp.10 .iaKO. Cczbanji, kojh iio hl&h- 
Bapy ^paie CBnae, 3Hajy to h HeMajy tom 6pnre, jep 
te OTiracTn CBaKa n,pB^bHBa, ^ok ce CBH&e o^eniy HLT,HBy. 

5. IIpe6Hpaae h copTiipa&e inzbHBa Ha *iecaMa je 
HaJBamHHJa pa^aa, o^ Koje 3HaTHO 3aBncn npaBn.mo cy- 
ineae h Kaoota nLZbHBa. HIto ce OB^e He yqHHH, He 
MOiKe ce ^onHHJe HaKHa^HTH TpnjepoM hh kojom ^pyroM 
pa,a,H.0M. C Tora npn oBOMe nociy He Tpe6a niTe^eTH HeKy 
Ha^Hnny BHuie, Bet HanpoTHB r rpe6a 3a to ynoTpe6HTii 
Hajno^^^aHnjer ^OBeKa 0,4 CBe ^e^a^n, uito cy HaM y no- 
Motn npn cymeay HLftHBa. 

He 6y#e .in to paHHJe y<nm>eHO, npn npeonpaay 
11 a Aeca Mopajy ce omi otbophth, ,a,a ce n,pB.zbHBe H36aue. 
y hcto ,406a 11 H3 ncTor pa3j.ora H3^Bajajy ce h HLftHBe 
Tpy.ie n6y^aBe; ^pBeHo-^BpraBe" h HHa^e bh^ho MaH- 
Jbme Mory ce, Kao h npBe, h paanje h3,ibojhth ; a aKO 
ce to He ypa^H Ta#a, oho hx Ha CBaKH Ha^iHH obom npn- 
jihkom Tpe6a cbom naatftOM yKJiOHHTH. 

Occm Tora, ca .aece Ba.ta naaczbHBO oabojhtii CBe 
m^E»HBe Koje cy Hanpc.ie. Je^Ho 3aT0, uito 0,4 e>hx HeMa 
Baj^e, jep te oho coKa niTO HMa ncnypnTH cacBHM H3 h>hx 
h ocTate caMO Koatnna h Koniininx — Te hx Hete hhko 
4a Kynyje. hhth hx Bpe^n ciara Ha ^aieKy nnjany. 4py ro » 
cok hs minpaie m^BHBe „3aTana" Apyre HLZbHBe Ha Ae- 



REPEA BOT\A 431 



caMa hhxhm. Ory^a nocrajy napeHiiHe, Koje TaKoi>e Hncy 
3a iipeHoc n Tprommy. Tpeke, thm cokom .iene cc m.z&HBe 
;:a .ircy. iuto ycnopasa parity, Hasana na xeMe o r T, nenn, 
iiitu ii.;a::m;a HenoTpeOHO n iioKa r imTO onacHo cKu^aae, 
jep oaoypa (cboa oa netn), Koja ce rpa r \n o,\ TOHBora 
e.ioja 361L&6, nose Time .uiko ^a ce noKuapn n r i,nMHBap- 
Hime nponycTHTH y cyinminy h y aoj noa&ap EsasBaxH. 

i ce Be cKnuy, Aotifljy ce iii/lubc ^hmimlho 11 Mory 
A a ce aana.ie, jep je Taj neKMe3 jaKO 3ana.zbHB. 

Hero raKO npa npeoripaay rpetfa . ciiTinijc H3^,BajaTH 
aa CTpasry : jc,iho 3aTO, iuto ce cpe HLBHBe Tpaace no 
Kpyiniohii. n KpynHHJe 6o^>e iLiakajy, a cBaKH Hena Tpn- 
jep Aa raj nocao n>HMe HSBpnm; a Apyro 3aTO, ieto ce 
m.Liiia' je^He KpynHote noAJe r T,Ha^nje cyme, a Time ce H3- 

a .louHiije qecTO npe6upaH>'e, pa,i,ii sera 6u ce HHa^e 
CBaKB Mac Mopaae aece nan.iaMirni. f l,air.ie thm npe6n- 
pa&eu y.Man.aBa ce TpyA h ynrreijyje Ton.ioTa, Koja ce ry6n 
y .'.Hanioj MepH M;ecTHM H3B.ia*ieH>eM h yB.iaqeE>eM .ieca. 

- . TaKo npe6paHe mjbme He Tpe6a Hape r iHMHHe 
nana nam na .iece, hhth hx HaroMH.iaTH je^Hy Bpx/npyre, 

rpeoa pe^aTH je^Hy 40 APy re > h to no MoryhcTBy 
c neT<M,Ka.Ma na Bnuie, y KOMe iioJLoacajy BHHie m^bHBa 
na lecy miny ii 6oJbe ce o^ryBa cok, #a hc Hcreqe Ha 
cjyqaj aso ce oKH^aaeM neTe^Ke Ha^HHiiJia noBeta pyna 
H.111 ce Ha TOMe MecTy in.i>HBa pacnpcia. 

7. <)naKo Hanyn>eHe .iece Ba.i»a ocTaBHTH Ha npo- 
MaJHOM necTy, ,i,ace iu.&HBe Ma»ao npoBeHy, oco6hto ano 
cy tfpane no pocH, n.m &ko axje ikmhto Kiima yxijaTH-ia. 
liaKaao npocTa BacTpemHHna 11.111 KaKBo no^ecHo MecTO 

iapa 3HaTHO nose domo&h AOManimy, kojh neMa 
cyiuuiiiia, n.m BOJB oy r ni H3 KaKBa yapoKa Mopa xiiTaTii 
c 5paaeu Bofca, ,i,a cboj tfepHber kophcho ynoTpe6n. 

B. Tpe6a &a ce sa to nasH, ,i,a ce ae 6epe BHiue 

HO iiitm ce mo;i;c (tcyunmi aa 24 raxara. Ho iiayaeliY i;a,l, je 
• 1. 11a KMiniy. n.ui 11.; i:or;i .l.pyrnr y;;poK;i, Mo;i;e ce 

:n ii BHme. A. in n to caMO y TaBBOM cay^ajy, ano 
BMa .i.oi{o.i,n<» peaepBHHX aeca ji.hi Aacasa, w ce Mory 

DLfcHBe paCTpTH, ECaKO lie 6b ocTaie ,i,\ro sa ro.Miuii, r r l,e 

■ nopaae noKBapHTH. r.i.«' <•<■ BHme KOpa o^para, 11 

ax ycioi:;i .:;i Myiian.c B paaacni|»a n.c iic.Ma. no^Be je 



432 BCRKE H BOUE 



,4a ce TaKO y6paHe nuBHBe y Kany no6anajy h no tom 
3a neqeae paKHJe h.ih npaB^eae neKMe3a ynoipe6e. 

9. 3a cymeae HLZbHBa, KaKO y hobhm, TaKO h y 
o6h^hhm cynimmaMa, ^o6poje y3HMaTH .iece ncnieTeHe 
oa KajLajncaHHX jKima, aKO je HKaKO Moryte ^OMannHy 
Ha6aBHTH hx, jep je /i,OKa3aHo, #a ce HLftHBe Mory na 
iBHMa npe, h 6e3 HKaKBe nueTe no KaKBony, ocyihhth 
Hero Ha ^pBeHHM. oBOMe HMa £OKa3a He cano 3a HOBe 
cynmnne, Hero n 3a CTape y Ba^eBCKOM OKpyry, r^e cy 
npn-iH^HO ynoTpe6^aBaHe y oGhihhm cyniHHHaMa, n to 
ca JLennM ycnexoM. 

Opaxe r rpe6a dpaxn OH/ja, Ka^ Amo Hcna^ajy H3 
oannHa. Hh h>hx He Ba.ta TpecTH MOTKaaia. Opacn, kojh 
cy 6paHH HeAOBO^HO 3pe./iH, nou.pHe 6p30, jesrpa mi ce 
cacynm, r re cy 3aTO h Aa.ieK0 jeBTHHHJH. Ka/i, ce otfepy, 
Tpefia hx iuto 6o.Le onpa™, a 3aTHM ocyniHTi ; jep y 
K0.1HKO cy ^enura Ha H3Me^y, y to^ihko cy h cKyn.hu. 

PI tcecren Tpe6a 6paTH, hoihto Ha ApBeTy nomyno 
ca3pn, a to je oH^a, Ka/i, ce .ieno o^Baja o^ oaufliie. 
H itera je 6oa>q TpecTn Hero juaTHTH MOTKaMa. YtfpaHO 
KecTeite Tpe6a Ha cyHny ocymnTH, na T6K OH^a cmccthth 
'raiio, iyje te ce nyBaTH. 

AemuuKe Ba^a 6para Ka/i, Ao6njy MpKy 6ojy h 
Kafl hm oiOTan ya&yijfie. II h»hx, Kao opaxe r KecreHe, 
r rpe6a Ha cymjy iuto 6o.Be ocyninrn. 

rpojtcfe, jazo^e, puou3Ae h ozpo3 Tpeda oparn 
pyKOM (neTe^LKe rpoa^a Tpe6a OAcenaTH HoateM har ho- 
jKinjaMa), h to Ka£ je .ien ^aH, jep HHane 6o6nii,e HHcy 
TaKO yKycHe. Jaro^e je Haj6o,Be 6para H3JyTpa ; a aso 
ce ate^e Ky^a eocas.tr, Tpe6a hx odpara Ha 1 — 2 ^aiia 
paHnje Hero ihto norayHO y3py. 




gUl ^ &. &. ^ f|&. ^ «^ {J&. 'Xl ^4i *Ii Xl '**> ^1"' ; ^l^£l ^frMR 



fa. 



I«l«#ffftfff#f 1 



*%#*###»«»####; 



i^^yR 5 ^^ 




• »»»»# #««•«««###• 



XIX 
IIPEHOC BOTi A 



.leno Bohe qecro Heiua Ha MecTy hh h^e6awaieo 
<»ny iu'iiy, Kojy 6e maAO Ha ApyrflM 'rproBBMa, na 3aTO 
y «-.i\ iiajy. k&a TaKBO HOhe a:e-iHMO KOMe nocaaTH, Tpe6a 
M 3na.MO, KaKO Boke ao ffie.i»eHor Mecra Tpetfa npeHeTH. 

JTpii tomo Tpe6a na3HTH: 

a ) Aa ce BoLe, Koje Lo ce npeHOCHTH, o^HCTa oa- 
.ini;yje cbojom ehlkboIiOm; 

6) A a ce 3a naKOBaite OAatfepy MaiepHJa^a; h, 

b) 4,a cy cyAOBH 3a naKOBaite hhcth h A& Hacy 
i.i.i^n. &a ce y nyry He pacnaAny. 

IIaKOBaH.eja^acro2a tfo/ta Bpinw ce HajotfimHHJe 
y Mypa,uiM<i. KOB^eSHMfi (VaiiAyHHMa) hjIH KOTapnuaMa. 
A \:n,\ 66 obo Bote ate^H nocaaTH hoihtom, Hajtfojbe je 

wto niTO HJiHhe KOB^ere h.ih KOTnpime, a& 6s. 
6*aq Maif.e ciojeBa, Te a& ce BoLe lie 6h nte^-io. 

H8BpCH6 COpT6 !iaj'Vl,e je yBMTB y xapTHJy, CBaKH poA 

3a cetfe, Bapowro i;a f i, je Basel o.Maii.H, na OHAa Ha 

640J i'.ia.Mt' |M'b;iTii 6JIOJ uol.a, J! tjiko fla&e paAHTH, 

Ami: 66 <-y,l B6 naiiyim ; a 38 iiai;oi;an>e oGhihhJhx CO- 

y:m.Ma 66 ciasia, na 66 Iiauyji' na H0M6HyTB iiaunii. 



BO'RKE 11 



28 



Upe Hero ce npncTynn naKOBa&y Boka, Tpe£>a hito 6qa>q 
o6AO%ittm aeo h ZE&OM cy^a, ajl ce Bote He 6n rae- 
miAo; a ^a ce y nyTy He 6e TpecKa.10, Ba^a c/iaMOM 
h.ih xapTHJOM ihto 6ojte HcnyHHTH cBaKH Me^ynpocTop, 
a hcto TaKO a npocTop hchoa noic/ionHa. 

Ako ce Bote naKyje y OTBopeHHM KOiapHHaMa, 
Tpe6a noKAonan, HannHHTH o^ ciaMe, tj. ciaMy npeMa 

mHpHHfl KOTapnue npo- 
hihth Ha 2, 3HjlHBHme 
MecTa (Kao Ka# ce npaBe 
acype), ear 3aTO yno- 
Tpe^HTH KaKaB Apyrn 
3acTHpaq (n.iaTHoJyTy 
HT4.). KaAceKOMe ma^e 
Bote y cyAOBHMa, Ha ko- 
JHMa ce noK^onan yKM- 
Ba, Tpe6a nope^ HaT- 
HHca join Ha3Hawrn h 
c Koje je cTpaHe rokao- 
nau, aKO ce to o^Max 
He buae, ^a 6h ce o^aK- 
m&AO OTBapaae cy^OBa. 
HaHaniHM TproBMMa 
peTKO je HahH ja6yicy 

Ga. 255. KoTapnu;a Ba^bKacTor 06-iHKa HJIH KpymKy ^a HHJe 
3a OMaH,e ™k<^c nooon^M H3- ^^ T() ^ ^^ 

hito ce 6ep6n noEJiaaa 
Ma^ia naataa. /l,o6po onyBaH poA HMa CBaKa^ BeLy BpeA- 
hoct, na ce 3aTO h y*iHH>eHfl TpomKOBH oko naKOBaaa 
Bona h 3a o6^natH,e nnjai^e OAMax HaKHafyyjy. 

3aT0, hito je y Hac H3B03 Bota Bpjio jaK, Haj- 
6o^e je Aa ce 3a npeHOc Bota ffie./ie3HHHOM h abi)om 
ynoTpede KOTapMne BaybKacrora 06 Anna, Kao na ga. 255 




npEHoc bot^a 435 



h 256, wto mTO H3ne^y imix, ii k<u ce najuo.^e a/io^e, 
ocTaje isBecaH npocrop, to toko BoKe ma aoboaho 
npoiiaje. 




i.'-iT ijiuua UL&BaCTOI <.»«'». uiilii Ml Befcfl liwllllLLKO. 

EIpe aero ce ttpHcrynn aaKOBa&j Bofca, Eta&a aho 

OA KOT;if)init' (XfooZHTfl :',e.K'iin.M .mini. cm BHHOB6 ,1036 

idii Botasa, iBora in' 6hcho mm. hi, <>ii, vi \;ip- 

THJOM IAH C.la.MoM. Ii<> TO* Tf*6n ll,u;.l.ni:<t MOUTH llpltH 
Ml TEKO la HeTOAKe <>i BOba l'»l,y v.: i;ot;i|>iiii.y, 

28* 



436 



BOTIKE H BO"RE 



,a,a 6e ce Tano Boky onyBa-zia ihto 6o.&e cBeatHHa. Taj 
cioj Tpeda noKpHTH JinniheM har xapTffjoM, 3aTHM Ha 

HCTH HaHHH C.IOMTH ApyrH MOJj TpetiH CAOJ HT£., J\OR 

ce KOTapHi],a He HanyHH. Ilpn tom Hapo^iHTy naatity 
Ba^a odpaTHTH, 4a ce MHoro He 3acrpy (oCh/nme) 3h/j,obh 
KOTapnue, jep y tom ciyqajy He 6n miaAO aobo.lho 
upouaje. Ka/i, ce KOiapnini nanyHii, Tpefia h Bpiimn cioj 




GA.r2b r t. KoTapun,a leTBpTacxa o^auka 3a upeiroc 
te^'.v Boha yJn^iaHHHCKMM Kpajeiuma. 



Bona o6.iojkhth ^HniiieM eae xapTfljoM; KOTapHHj 3a- 
tbo{)hth noK.ionu;eM h Ha 3 j\o 4 Mecia yTBpAHTH ra 

jKHHOM. 

3a HMiiHHCKa luecra, r^e ce Bone npeHOcn Ha ko- 
H>HMa, Haj6(ue je ynoTpedflTn KOTapnue iieTBpTacra 06- 
jiHKa (3apy6.i>eHe nnpaMH^), Kao Ha ci. 257. Y obc 



IIPF.HOC BOH A 



437 



KOTapuje u.»- cy GTpane nape, a abc yace. 3a jeAHy 
04 iiiiipnx rrpana JfTBpAG ce iiapa.MH.aiui. RQJa Cjyxe 
e K-nrajnma nose npiiBe3aTii sa aery TaKBy Koia- 
piiny, \:w.\ ce npeHOce iia KOH>y, Te je^aa KOTapnija ,iol)0 
c je/iHe, a Apyra c ,\]»yre dpaHe. Kaa ce KOTapme 
ckmbj c KOBba, «»n.i;i b apanage cjyxe ,\a ce KOTapape 
Kory aocHTfl 11 11a .ldjinia Rao 11 nyTyae. 
yno- 

uBajyii ROTapaije, 
K.-IO P. a ''.l. 258. 1 u no- 
MOHyTe KOTapaiju paa- 
.liiKvjy ce y touc, iiito 
11 m je jiaBiia caiiO 011a 
rrpana sa Kojy cc yrap- 
byjy Hapa.Mibami. a oc- 

rpa I'Tpain' rpaAe 

;pyr. 

Uljbuee c TBp^ou 

■M (KOXMypOM)MO- 

naKoi'.aTii y KOTa- 

1.1 Ha cioj _ oco v 

.lHIIIha AOipe CAOJ IU.L1I- iiuc Hoha y imuhiiuckiim Kpajcuinia. 

i;n.i, ce aejie no- 

rpetfa nx npe xora yBHTH y xap'rajy. 1 I pu 
nai;oi;aii,y lu.i.a lia:;imi, X> [ Ce IBTO tfOA6 oqyi'.a iMMie.i.ai;. 
iii.Liiiif Tpcua y;;ini;iTii CaMO.aa neTCAKy. 

Tpeumi 11 ouwne TaKO^e Tpetfa nasoBaTB y ko- 

Tapiiiif 11. in K0BTOUdi6, y:;ii.Majyliii .;a nonaBy .111111I1O 
Tp6mft6BO, KiiiiiH.eBO n. in rpatfOBO. Iljni pHjaii.y ua.i.a 
naSHTH, i.;i n»'it'.i.Kf ,v»| ; y yimpa (ci. 259). 

Kajcuji 11 tipecKee rpetia aaKOBaia sao B iiu.nm*. 

i),i Il;ii;«)i',;iii.r y.;n\i;i it liajooHWHHJe .llllllli*' BHHOB6 J9L036, 

a tifle copn ae (a y(Jiwe, I'.a.i.a ybhtm j xap- 




438 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Tfljy H cnaKOBaTH y ihto n^aLe cy^OBe TaKO, Aa y itHMa 
lie 6y/i,e BHine oa ,pa pe^a (ca. 260). H 0B r ],e Tpe6a 
na3HTM, /i,a ce pyKOM ne coHe nene^aK. 




G\i, 259. KoTapnua 3a naivOBaae Tpenian>a h 
c.ininora BoKa. 

Jazofie, ozpo3, pu6u3M h Mamme peTKO ce ina^y 
Ha Beha OAcrojaita; a Kaa ce to *ihhh, OH^a je naj- 




Ca. 260 KoBner 3a naKOBan.e opecaita h KajcHJa. 

6ojlq #a ce naKyjy y KOBqer ca 3ace6HHM nperpa^aMa 
(c/i. 261). A Ka# ce ma^y Ha Malta o^crojafoa, w y 



nPEHOC ROT. A 



439 



Maifcoj KO-immiu, Mory ce naROB&TH Kao h Kajcaje. Ja- 
■<• Tpetfa npe Tora yBimf y ibnxoBo .umik. 
>MJ'e ce npeHOCB 
y KoTa[>ima.Ma. a naj(5o<ie 
je ka c \ c» k nanyje rano, r \a 

Ha CAOJ BMHOBS .llllllha 

Aofye \)t\\ rpoat^a. 

rpox^e rpe(5a naKO- 

Baui raKO, &a CBaKH rposfl 

miij'ii.M a^iom CBOJMii 6yAe 

,!.; KOTapaue. Ha raj 

a'lim rpoat^e lie caiio 

cnasyje, Bel mv h ue- 

Te.Li:t',v»l)y n.iiijKenpuMaJM, 

Koja je ii sa rpoavfye Kao 

h 3a BoLe noTpefimi. ,\& mv 

oqyBa cBesnuy. 

re%e h AemHui^u npeHoce ce y uaKO- 
bhu, BpeLana, ROTapm^axa iita., h no a h>hx ce HHuiia 
He notary pa. 




Ga. 261. KoBqer c uperpaAaMa 3a 
iiuKouaH>e jaroAacror Boha. 



^ //' 




-IVAAAAAAAAJaiA 




XX 
H y B A ft E B Ti A 



KaA o6paHO n napaBno 3pe^.o Bote He Aioateaio 
OAMax yrpouiHTH h./lh iipo^aTM, aKO ra He npHnpesiaMO 
sa qyBaite, koa H>era nocTynno Hacraje H3BecHa npo- 
Mena, Koja je cnaKHM a^hom CBe yo^i^HBHJa, h 36or H»e 
HaJ3aA HacTyna h A<>6a, ^a TaKBO Bote He MoateMO 
ynoTpeoVrn 3a je.io, na hh 3a MHore npepaAe. Ta je 
npoaiena xcmhckh npou.ec, no3HaT y odn^HOM aiHBOTy 
Kao TpyjbeTbe eae pacuarfcme. ^ecTO Ty npoMeHy H3a- 
3HBajy mae y6p3aBajy h cntynmn (wahh opraHH3MH, 
TaKO 3nuHe rAHBHue, Kojflx HMa cBaKaA y Ba3Ayxy. 
3aTO oopaHO Bote, Koje He Moreno OAMax ynoipedHTH, 
Tpe6a ao ynoipede ihto 6o;i>e *iyBaTn. 

Eao ihto cy 3a qyBaae xpaHe EOAeineHe jKHTHHue, 
TaKO hcto HMa n 3a qyBame Bota, KaA ce H»HMe y Be- 
jIhko paAH, Hapo^iHTHX aok&a& (oAaja). To cy eotine no- 
Mope, CMecTuviTa ear eoftna cjiazajiuwTa (MarauHHH). 

y Maitoj Eo^nqHHH qyBa ce Bote y HOApyMHMa h 
ApyrHM OAajaia, caiio aKO OAroBapajy noroA^aia, Koje cy 
noTpe^He, na Aa ce Bote aioace o^yBara Kao ihto r rpe6a. 



qyBAH>E BOTvA 441 

I)ii.io ,\;i ce 3a i iynaH>e Boki npaBe napomiTM ao~ 
Ka.ni ii.iii ,\n be uvBa y iKupyMinia u .ipynni OAajaaa, 
rJiaBHO je. f u» y h.iim;i lie ijflfi \\\uvd,\ x.iaAHHJe oa 

:u Toii.iuje oa 8° H,. ; ^a ce He oceLa Meai-ia; ^a 
ce Ty He Apa^ TaKBa Te^ia, oa kojhx ce pasBiijajy mh- 
pncii iiito jai:o aa.unny: ,\n cy ihto Jipaminjn, h Aa ce 
oa BpeMeHa Ha Bpeie Mory npoBeipaBaTK. Ha tohjioth 
npeKO s " II,. noiieHYTC r.MiBnue H3a3HBajy Tpy.i.eibe; a 
i;a.i je. BanpOTHB, Ka&a Ton.iOTa oa 8° IJ., OHAa micy 
y craft} ,\a npii'iime noliy Ha waKuy nrreTy. CeM r rora, 
CBeT.iocT h ToiLioia Aonpimoce, Te m Boha HcnapaBa 
noro luare, bito je yspoK r \<\ ce boKo cMeatypa; aaTQ 
je HOTpeoHO a^ obii .i<>i;a.in 6yAy He.caMO XjiaAiiu iieli 
h Mpaqiiu. 

Hgkeitf ouii'iHiix npocTOpnja BaB6A6HJUl noroAoa.ua 
o^roBapajy iiaJBiiiue uodpyMu; a aKO nx iie6nr.ii.io, 
ii.iii aKO 6h 6ii.ui neyAecim, Tpeda noHajnpe yaoi'H one 
OAaje, Era Kojma cy npo3opH ca ceBepHe crpaHe. IIpo- 
3ope na tjoi oAaja.ua ua.i.a ihmo roA iiito do.Le aacTpra, 
a Hpara y.viirni ^a 5yAJ ABOdpyKa, w 6n TaKO Coa 
na.ina TOHjiOTa y OAajn. 

Ayx y TaKHM oAaja.ua lopa Chth cacBuu uhct, 
a icto Tano h 3haobh h cbh npeAMeni KOJH lie 6hth 

nipy c BoteM. 3aT0 SHAOBe TpoOa onpeuHTH, a 
iiu.nnie n iipfiaiv. do KOJHMa Ke ce Bok pe^aw, orrb 

milpaiH, na HaJBftA n rauy OA&JJ WTO oo.l.e CJM- 

ce yrpy cue r.i.HBiiiU'. 3a onaj hii.i, iwi.i.a 

iiipfMiiiiy <m, loo i;yt"). Mi'Tapa yucni n aniia.urni 

"Ol'iniix ••yMiiujiHiix innnai;a, n TO H0H1T0 CC na 

o^aji • cbh OTBopfl n CBe iiiyn^HHe. PaaBHJaaeiJ 

AB0OKCIA& VHHIHThI.c C€ CBe r.i.iliiiinr 
ijl : ;i j,i ce 0B€ mi a ir Be on Harraim.ii*. paAH.y 

BpeieHa na Bpeie dohobhth. CywiiopHcafte 



442 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Moate ce BpuiHTM h aKO je Bote y OAajn, jep je nocBe 
HeocHOBixHa noBHKa, ^.a ce THMe noropinaBa yKyc Bota. 
<Dhho jady^iacTO Bote Haj6oAe je i iyBaTH y TaoaM 
o^ajaMa Ha no./iHHaMa ca homh i ihhm npeqarasia (c./i. 262). 
IIojiHij.e 0Be BHCOKe cy 240 cm., Ay^HHa hm je 150 cm., 
a nrapoKe cy 70 cm. OKBupn cy oa AacaKa Ae^HHe 



15Q cm. 




C-i. 262. nojnn,e c uomhhhhm nperaiawa 3a lyBaae Boha. 

oa nps^HKe 3a 3 cm. (a, h, c). /I,a Bote He 6h CTpa- 
Aajio oa MHnieBa, no-anne ce noKpHBajy MpeacoM oa ra.i- 
BaHH30BaHHX atHna. Bpaxa cy Ha npeAH>oj crpaHH Ta- 
Kofye oa MHe. Epe^are (d) noMH*me cy, jep ce K./iH3ajy 
no yTBp^eiiHM jieTBaMa, Te ce TaKO Bote Moate nper^ieAaTH 
y CBaKO Ao6a. IIo./iHHa HaBeAeHe Be^a^HHe 3anpeMa 
10500 □ cm.; na aKO je sa CBaKH poA noipedHO 64 □ cm., 



•ivr.AiL.r B » 13 



Moiiii he Ha cnaiey iio.uihy mini H>4 pofla u.ui Ha 

cbmx 14 no.niua 2300 KOia^a; flflXAt to.uiko, koabko 

IOBO&ho sa je^Hj w\i»y. 

Ho. inn*' Tpetfa najnpe sactpTH xaprnjoM, na saTBW 

Bote pe^aui. C.ia.My n ceHO ne Tpe6a ynoTpe&iaBaTH 

e Tora, uito cy to si'oahb npeAMOTH sa HacT&ifcHBaae 

r.biiBiina ii iiito Boke Ofl imix, naponHTO oa ceHa, ao- 

on ja hckii :ia r i,ax. Ilpn pefyin.y Beia Tpeoa na3HTH fl& 

U''i!.«'iinj'i' copre ()\\\\ CBaKa sa ce n c seTdAKOM HaBHnie, 

IIMIIUJUX II cirninjnx cupaTa .\iory Aok.H no 

2—3 }»t\ia. jeAaH noapx Apyror. 

06H i iHHj'e copre Boha Mory ce qyB&TH B KaA ce 
na raiiKo nopetjajy, Ha 3&TBM noKpujy necKOM, nene.iOM, 
rmcoM, M6KHH>aMa, c.iaMOM hta. Tay-fladnja, nacrpiiKa, 
h join nene copie jatfyita b KpyiuaKa MoryLHO je na 
OBaj nanim onynaTH b boa BeApBM hg6om, a wcto b 
6o.i>e nero h y noApyMHMa h oih i ihhm OAajaMa c Tora, 
ibto obb MaiepnjaAH OAysHxiajy BOhy cyBunmy B.aary, 
na ra sarai y TOMe cTa&y ii Aa.ie OApataBajy. Ta ce 
pa AH>a 30Be TpauJbetbe eofla. IIpiiBpeAHO Boke TpaBB 

Ce qeCTO B KaO K|)OMBBp. 

1 1. i pa&iora, ibto cBe^e ytfpaHO noke caApatn AOCTa 
BJiare, BOTpe(>HO je a& ce, npe Hero ce yHece y cMe- 
erimra, spoBOHe na HpuMaJHBM MecrBMa; a caMO CBBe 
peHen nrro b&ai Box, Tpe6a o\\w\\ ynmi j ko- 

moj»v, jep nna'ie 6yAy cyBume cyije, cyBonapHe. 

.V n;ir iBQn 'lynajy noke y je'iMv. oncy, iiine- 
iihuh b na Tanany ; a.m kii.i, je jatta Bixa, *aiO BOlrt 
uecTo i cacBin upona^He. tte^y tiim k&a ee nyna y 
iwhiniM KOMOpaMa n;i noMciiyni iiannii. Moryliiio je najnel.n 
Spoj <;i l iyt:;nn I a ( > CaMOI AM», a H6K6 I A ( > 1 1 < > i^< > I" BOta. 

KouiraiaBO Boke, imp. Tpenrae, liniini.c. KajcBje, 
(peeKBe, n jaroAfttTO soke se lose ce oiysafi y 



44 



BOUKE II BOUE 



o6fliHHM O/iajaAia Kao jady^acTO BoKe, Beta y Ae^euuM 
opManiiMa, Jie^euui^cuia n xepMemuHO 3aTeopeuuM 
odqjaMa. Ty ce moeo 3roAHO qyiMTH n ja6y^acro boKo. 




LJF^/Wr^-/ 






m 

•i -3^' 






/ jK.^->->^yj/j'/'.7.-..?^/y,v.v/. r r7mr^- J :-r' T- -.-■-.■.■.■.-. IT' /t - - ■ -TT*" -■" - -^.- -r- ^, 



? 




11111 



; r" 



; g&& a ^^ 




-■.. ,;.., ■■ . . 






;teie»i'= 



Is 



d. 263. AeAeHH opjian 3a yyBaae Boha, KOMnoTa, caaTKa hta. 

3a odnmiy AOMaKy noxpedy aobo.lhh cy h Jie^enu 
opMauu (ci. 263), kojb ce yAemaBajy TaKO, #a ce y 



tlYBAIbE BOTxA 445 



iMi.ua Ton.ioTa lose no bo.ui peryjiHcara, n ,\& Bok 

lie aomvmi ffenocpeAHO n;t .ie.i. 

Ka.t ce BoLe aie.in qysaTH y AeAemmaiia, Tpetfa 

h.'.iku JieAa yTBpAHTH onncane no.inne, na fla h>hxobo 

nperpa^e nopefyrni Boke na iioMenyrn naniin. 

K»a ce BoteM pa.yi y bcihko, on^a ce oho nyim 
</,j//".v oj'fjdMtf. Obab co x.ia r \au BaBAyx ne npa- 

bo,\ii jieAOM, Bel iiriiajKiBan.e.M neKiix TeuiiocTit (Me- 

TlI.l-eiV|i;|). 

.l-'V'iui opiiaHa nopajy ce faKO noAecHTH, ,xa no 

kcTBy na cpa^HepHo mmom npocTopy CTaHe iuto 

Ko.iiiMiin:i BoKa. Hoiuto je x.ia r i,aii Ba3Ayx ryninn 

n.ior r.a:uyxa. Hopajy ce u obii opMaHB Taico Ha- 

ibhhth, A3 r yi C .i»\V'M oy^e npu Bpxy (c.i. 263), 

n.wia i BoKa. CjAj y KOMe je ,ie,v upaBii ce 04 

UMMKuBMifor .unia ii.in o,l ApBera. na ce MM ABM0M 

I'M. Ill .Uel;YII])0CT0p nOHYHH C6 pfylBlIU TO- 

unaua, rap. ffrpyroTBHaMa, nene-iou, CJiaMOM, imobom 

bta. y "pujuiy HCflOA .n\\a yTBpAe ce aaTHii inunn.e y 

• rojaity, a na obg ce nopefya Boke, noniTO ce 

pora o6aoxh xapTBJOM. V oBasflu opMaraira Moxe 

•iirni'iniiii Botie ouyBaTii 3a r \\'Aie BpeMe. CnTiinje 

■ nope^aTH n y ciojeBe, jeAHO na Apyro. 

lia,i. CMO nauepini nynani BoLe na Ayate BpeMe, 

na.i.a ,i,;i BM0 OBIX npaniua : 

1. UpeKO .unit' na.i.a <iyBaTH cauo neH>en<' copre; 
ofaqHBJe copTe rpeoa join c jecemi ynoTpetfimi, anp. 
.;a npaBvteae jatfynoBaqe, sa cymeae n Apyre npepaAe; 

2. Bote, Koje ke ce Mynarn, Tpefia ,i,a ocTaHe na 
ApB6Ty d e, jep ce BHase nr.apn : 

EEo BSBpmefloj (Septfa na.i.a BoKe ocTaBHTB ae- 

mia na c.iaMn n r,i,e je HeiDTO Toiunje, ,ia ce 
•in", rj. ,i,a B9 n.cra n.',nl,r CJ nnimia n.i.iia : 



4 ID BOTVKE H BOTIE 



4. Ako je 6ep6a H3BpmeHa, Ka^ je 6hao aqrq h 
cyBO^BpeMe, He Tpe6a Boke hh*mm dpncaTn; 

5. Bone Tpe6a copTHpara no KpynHOHH h 3pe.iocTn; 

6. Ka^ ce jadyqacTO Bone nope^a Ha noAnne, 
Tpe6a o^ajy y noqemy CBaicora ^aHa npoBeTpaBaTH, && 
ce Ha Taj HaqnH yooHH cyBHmHa BJiara; 

7. Bote Ba^a 3aTHM qeiuke nperjie^aTH, na KBapno 
CBaKOM npfljlHKOM HiKapTHpaTH; 

S. O^aje Ba^a ^a cy CBana^ *racTe, n y H>HMa ce 
ne CMe ApmaTH HHmTa Apyro ceM Bona; 

9. Ilpe 3H>ie Ba^a 3anTHTH caaaiOM CBe mynjLHiie 
Ha BpaTHsia n npo3opHMa, &a Mpa3 Bone ne AoxBain; 
a Ha cjiy^aj 4a ce to a.mr, bujih Taoo Boke hoto- 
hhth y x^a^Hy BO^y hjih MeTHyTH y CHer, 4a 6h ce 

HOBpaTHjlO; H, 

10. C qyBaaeM boLi He Tpetia amoro 0Te3aTH, 
Ben ra npo^aTH, *ihm My uemi Menace, aKO ce T iyBa 
pa/^n npo^aje. 




k Jb y h 



jBPOJEBU 03HA'IVjy CTPAHE) 



A6-iaKTHpaH,e — bhah upucaljH- 
Bae.e npH.Ly6.LiiBaH>e.M. 
51 
A30THe MaTcpiije 16 

AMOHHJaK 51 

: 78 
- BHAH 5SA6H 

• t '_' 1 

liHAH 2l30THe -Ma- 

nje 

>xna TpeuiibCBa 30^a 395 
Bep'»a bo ha 124 

"UHIia — bhah ivmii 

KIICLMHUe 16 

jiobo rpos^e — bhah pH- 

1 — BHAH <')HKJM>a 

Bo6nna (p<M 

HHAH KpaCTC 

Bo^ecTH .mmha 11!* 

;i in A'-'''.iy . rpaHaaa b 
atH.iaMa412 

Bpecu 

: Ha KOpB 
BHJOK I M JlpH- 

p. npeaoc i ly- 



Biijc-Ke 3a npo-ieTH>e npucaljiiKa- 
H>e, H36op, npenoc u HyBaae 151 

BnjoBe oahoc iipesia uoa^io3h 156 

Bhhobb ^03a 91 

Buiiitta 67, 69 

H.IUCHHHC — bhah KopeHOBe A-aaae 

Boa;i 17. 52 

BoAeHa uapa 51 

BoAounje — bhah M.ia3eBH 

Bo.iyapu 362 

Bohaita b&ihkhx HCSonaBa&e :'' n 7 

Bohatca bhcokhx npoB3Bo^6H>e 242 

Botana HcaonaBaae 252 

Bohasa npeca^BBaEbe na cTa.nio 
mocto 255 

BotapcuH BocaK 163 

Bote 3hmcko 37 

Bohe jeceae 37 

Boh c .ieTH>e 37 

I lot, ice isncose 46 

BohKe HHCKe 46 

Iiotiire ocpeAH>e 46 

Bohae iiojcAHHiix Bpcra sa kojh 

HU'IHII II y BOJe ,lnu;i Tpt'nH upii- 

ral/iiitaTH 222 
Iiuliiir BOMOpe 440 
Bpar (BohKei 26 
BpCoTOian 391 

npiica^iiiian.a 158 

BpereHacra sua — iHAiepzHa 

jRH«ia 
Byian BHAB ona.ia 

■-n.a 385 



448 



BO'KKE H BOUE 



TAOAapH 362 

roAHmftH upcTeH 26 
Tpa/i 358 
Tpaija BokaKa 17 
TpaHe 26, 30 
TpaHe, BHTite poAse 30 
Tpane, EHTH>acTe 33 
TpaHe, KpyTe poAHe 32 
TpaHe, poAHe 30 
ryMa 16, 20 
TyHAe^ 364 
TyH>a — bhah Ayaa 
TyceHime 372 
ryceHnne ao^»a 392 

/^Boryfio npMcal)HBaa>e 145, 249 

^ryaa — bhah Ayita 

J\q6ao 26 

,4HB,kaKa — bhah M.iaAHn,a 

^HM^beRbe BotaKa 356 

4-aaite — beah KopeHOBe A-^aKo 

^o6a cai/e&a 281 

,4oMaha cTOKa 361 

^,pBo 24 

,4peH 84 

,4yBHa 387 

An 87 

,4yAHH,a (poA) '■>> 

Ayfta 63 

ETapcKa yjsa 16 

Tiyopeite BohaKa 341 
'Byopeae ?eM^>e 237 

3eM^a 55 

3eM^e ijy6peH>e h o6pafynBaH>e 237 
3epAeAHJa — bhah Kajcnja 
3hmcko upHcai/HBaH>e — bhah upn- 
ca^HBan>e 

SKhbot BoliaKa 39 

jKar 35 

}KnroBa Te^mocT 35 

KiiAe cnopeAHe — bhah KopeH 

IKn.iHn.e — bhah HepBH 

}KyTHn,a 419 

JKyTOTpoa 379 

3ainTHtiaBaH>e BohaKa oa Heupn- 
jaTe^ba h 6o.iecTH 360 



3aniTHkaBaH>e BokaKa oa neuoroAe 

354, 355, 358, 359 
3eieBH 362 

3o£>e h CTpra^beHH 407 
3o£>e Ha orpo3y h ph5h3-ih 396 

H36op MecTa 3a ca^eae Bohaica 

Ha CTaAHO mgcto 255 
HsAaHaKa yKAaHaae 237 
HcKonaBaae Bo&aita 252 
HcKycTBa Ba^HHja npnca^H- 

Baay 138 
HcTopnja BoKapcTBa 1 

Jadyica 57 

JaCyKa (poA) 36 

Ja6yKOB CMOTaBan; 370 

Ja6yKOB inTaMDap 367 

Ja6yKOBa nnna 367 

Ja6yKOBa nnua isyhKacTO-3e.ieHa 

368 
Ja6yHHH Mo^au, 376 
JaroAa (poA) 37 
JaMnha Konaite aa catjeH>o Boha- 

Ka 275 
JeApau, 24 
Je3rpa 37 

KajcHJa 74 

Ka.iaM^>eH>e — bhah upucafyHBaite 

Ka^eM BocaK — ishah BohapcKH 

BOCaK 

Ka^ieM^beH>e — bhah iipHcaijHBaite 

KecTeH 86 

Ku,ia 422 

KHCeOHHK (Ba3AyniHH) 50 

K^HJaae 38 

KAHj'aBD,H 38 

KwiHMaT 53 

Kinna 38 

KoBpjK.i>aBocT AHmha 420 

KoH^acTe a:H.ie — bhah KopeHOBe 

A-aaite 
EoHHHk 34 
Kopa 26 
KopeH 20 

KopeHOBe A-iaite 21, 22 
KopeH^nt 38 
KopncTH oa BotaKa 6 
KocTaft — bhah KecTeH 



449 



KomTima 36 

KonrryHima 36 

Kpacre IS 

KpBaBa tan 

Kpeieae Bohana 331 

KpTHHa 36 

Kpyse&e xpaHe 42 

Kpyiia 26 

Kpyne bhcokhx Bohasa HaaaaAHO 

AOTepHBaae 317 
Kpyne bhcokhx BohaKa upope^u- 

BaH>e 326 
Kpyne ope3HBaH>e 280, 317, 321 
Kpymma 34 
KpymKa 61 
KpyinsoBa 30*a 
Rpymaoia nana 
KyKaBHHJa cy3a 383 
Kyiiin: 

HH opMaHII 3a IVBaHiC Boha 

144 
AecKa B5 
AeaHHsap 369 

■ — iiiuu ro.uimibii upcTen 
AeTopacTH 26 
Ana 
.lurna 80*a Ha KoniTHiaBOM BoKy 

.liKiie Baiini 405 
.hicTHHa 33 
.liimhe 33 

Maia Mpa30Ban 372 
Ma-iin 

i, BOJHZ IIMll y BoliKH 13 
.iU — BH4H HpHOpHIDTe 

lyo - bhah 6a 
MiHepaiBi 

• ip HpIIIIIM 30 
]) D060HHB 

M.n.upa n_pHBe3HBaH.e b cap&H- 
ttuuapi 

1:11.111 oi 1 

BO-BKK H BO 



MpKaxytta — bhah 
MypBa — bhah ,\y.\ 
My in My ja 65 

HaBpTaae — bhah npuca^HBaae 

Hera BohaKa 313 

Hera CRopo nocafyennx BoKaKa 313 

HeoprancKe MaTepiije 14 

HeapHjaTeAH BoKaKa h Boka 361 

HepBH 34 

HepoAnocT BoKaKa 352 

HocHJiaii; njoAa 33 

Otfe-aeaaBaBe MecTa 3a cai/e&e 

BohaKa 268 
OGe-ieaiaBa&e MecTa 3a ca^eite 

BohaKa ca y3poAOM 274 
06e.ie2saBaH>e MecTa KaA ce boKkc 

nehe caAHTH ca y3poAOM 268 
OGe-ieacaBa&e copaTa 241 
06.iaCT BHHOBe .i03e 53 
()«'). lacr japnx siiTa 53 
Oo.iacT 03HMe pasH 54 
Ooaacr uuiemiue 54 
06pal)HBaH)e h J>y6peH>e 3CMAe 237 
Oi'ipaljHBaibe 3eMAe 341 
Orpo3 93 
(>,UM»aK aa npiiBpeMeHo pacalni- 

Ban>e 117 
OApe^nBan.e pacrojana sa ca^eae 

Bohana 262 
Oiyja 359 
Oua-ia 412 

< >ii.Kil,ni;aH>e Bohana 46 
Opax 80 

0pe8HBa&6 Kpyne 289, 317, 321 
Opaiinina 36 
OpntHB iml.aiia 20 

opi'iiiin 3a paaMHOzaBaai 
OpraHB aa cpa&e&e 20 
OpraHcae aaTepaje 14, 15 

<)pyl>a 88 npnral;iiBaH.(! 160 
ociiopyma 66 

OcpeABbBI Bulimia" llpoii:ii)ol,i'll.i- 
250 

Ocrpyra bbab lyniHa 
Oie&e 1 paii'innoM 

il'ifii.c i |i;iumiiii.oM I poAHUM ny- 

lln.l.KoM 



450 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Oieae rpaHiimoM paAH pa3MHO- 

ataBan>a copaTa 207 
Oieifce rpaH^i-moM pa^H cnaca- 

BaiLa BohaKa oa 6o.iecTH h no- 

BpeAe 207 
0?eae nciyupcTeHOM 220 
Oien>e npcTeHOM 220 
Oneae nync/BKOM 211 

IlaKOBaae 6pecaua 437 
HaKOBatte BHinaaa 437 
HaKOBaae rpoaif|a 439 
IlaKOBafte jaSy^acTor Bota 432 
UaKOBaae jaro^a 438 
IlaKOBaite Kajcaja 437 
IlaKOBaae KecTeH>a 439 
IlaKOBafte .aeurnHKa 432 
IlaKOBaEbe MaanHa 438 
HaKOBaite orpo3a 438 
DaKOBaae opaxa 439 
IlaKOBafte pH6n3.aa 438 
IIaKOBaH>e Tpemaaa 437 
IIaKOBaH>e ni^HBa 437 
Ilapaifce Bohasa 332 
EeTe^Ka 33 
Ileneo -- bhah HeopraHCKe Ma- 

Tepuje 
ITnKHpaihe — bhah oae^taK 3a upn- 

BpeMeHo paca^piBaae 
Uaoa 36 
ILioahhk 35 
HoroA^e oa kojhx 3aBHCH yen ex 

upaca^Hnaita 145 
HoA^ora KaKo ce oahoch npeaia 

bhjou;h 156 
IloA^ore 3a 6aAeM 150 
IIc-A-iore 3a OpecKBy 149 
IloA.iore 3a ApeH 150 
DoA^ore 3a AyA 150 
HoA^ore 3a AyH>y 148 
IloA^ore sa ja6yKy 148 
Dc-A-iore 3a Kajcnjy 149 
IloA-iore 3a KecTeH 150 
IIoAAore 3a Kpynmy 148 
IloA-iore 3a jecny 150 
IIoA^ore 3a MyniMy^y 148 
IIoA-iore 3a orpo3 150 
Hc-A-aore 3a opax 150 
JJoA-iore sa ocKopymy 150 



IloA-iore 3a pH6H3.ay 150 
rioA^ore aa CMOKBy 150 
HoAAore 3a in^bHBy 149 
IIoA-iore as6op 146 
U.0Ane6jbe — bhah oHMaT 
Ilo.ioiKaj 54 

IloAM^ial|HBaH>e BokaKa 334 
IloAynHpaH>e Bohana 350 
Ilnne 367 

IIO-fcCKH MHflieBH 364 

IIocTynaH>e c BO&KaMa y upBoj, 

Apyroj, Tpehoj h ^eTBpToj ro- 

Ahhh 242, 243, 245 n 247 
IIocTyuaite c BohitaMa y pacaA- 

HHKy oa npHca^HBaaa ao npe- 

ca^HBaaa Ha CTa»aHo MecTo 236 
nocTyiiaae c M-iaAHM BokicaMa npe- 

ko aeTa 325 
UpaBHiia o nyBamy Boha 445 
IIpacKa — bhah opecKBa 
IIpaniHHK 34 
llpauiHOHHHa 35 
ITpeHoc Boha 443 
Iipeiipncal/HBaifce BokaKa 240, 340 
IIpeca^aBan>e BokaKa Ha CTa^HO 

MecTo 255. 
IIpeceA-iacTo upHcaljHBaite 201 
Ilpnfiop 3a BesHBa&e npncaAa 168 
IIpHJaTeAM BohaKa 408 
IlpH./£y6.fcHBaH>e Ha nce^aK 173 
llpii^byo^bHBafte Ha ahohckh Ha- 

1HH 173 
lIpii^»y6.LHBaH.e o6htoo 172 
IlpH^,y6AHBaae o^eaeM 175 
IIpn^y6^>HBaH>e ceA-aacTHM ciia- 

jaaeM 174 
IIpH^.y6^.HBaH>eM KaKBe ce Kopa- 

cth nocTHJKy 176 
EtpHcaliHBaaa BotaKa, pa3im Ha- 

*ihhh 171 
Ilpncal)HBaH>e 135 
IlpHcal|HBaH,e 6aAe>ia 228 
IIpHcai)HBaH>e 6pecaKa 228 
lIpnca^HBaae BHinaaa 225 
npHca^HBaae rpaH^HHOM 33 
IIpHcal)HBaH.e ABoryCo 145 
flpncafyaBaae ApeHa 231 
IlpHca^HBaae AyAa 232 
IIpHca^HBaae Ayaa 225 



.1. 



451 



IIpne.ihHBafte 3Hmcko 120 
IIpucafyiiiuiH 222 

Qpnca§HB;iH>t' tajcHJa 
IIpnca^HBUH>e 

IIpiICai)MB;tH>e EOJe ROpHCTB 
HOCH 142 

UpneafynBaifce Kpyn; 

J/HBaH>e .i 

■lyin.My.ia 225 

k])HBaH»e na HCciiiK 189 
IIpn ua upiica.i — BHAH 

lIpI[Cal|lUKlH>r 

IIpin-a^HBafte orpo3a 

llpnca^iiBaH>e opaxa 228 

IIpiieafiiuKubtj ocsopyina 225 

DpHca&HBa&e doa aopy 196 

ilIBaifct' IIpH.BV.'».LHHaK.«'M 

IIpncat|HBaH>e pH6u;ua 233 
IIpHcafcHBa&e cnajaaeH 194 

i pCinaiLa 225 
y nu.ia aponena 183 

llj.ilca!,ni:aH>e y npoiU'ii 181 
llpnca};HBan,e y npon,eii c npo- 

HeiL&eHOM bhj'okom ua BasAH- 

meny noj.iory 191 
IIpHcat)HBaH,e y iipon,en ca 3a- 

UHJD6H0M bhjobom y npon,en- 
190 
Hpnca!)Hi aaspcHB npo- 

u- n 
1 1 pn v neo npon.efl 

IIpi: iiiena liaJKimja 

ibcokhx Bobasa 242 

I J I > ■ BHCOKHX BO)l 

iipm-aljiut ih.«'m 249 
tKasa 

Qpo] . BO- 



Ilyuo.tiui 27 
llyiio.Liui ja.ioiui 27 
llyiio.Luii n,BeTHii 28 
IIyiio.T>Tiili ceiieHfl 

!' -isaBaae iruaiuuiMa 116 
PasMHozaBa&e Harpra&eH 113 
PaaMHoxaBa&e noAoxHHB&Ma 11 5 
Pa3HHosaBaH>e apnopnHMa 110 
PaK 418 

Paca.\Hin; 

PacTeae Bohasa 45 

a.io 120 
PacTojaae 3a ca^eae bo1i;iku 262 
Pe6pa — bhah m'piui 
Peca — bhah nana 
Pl,a 422 

Pijacxe Jip^e 423 
L'ii«'ni.ua 94 
Pn.iaiim — BHAH iiin.c 
PoBau, — bhah poiian, 
POA — BHAH IUOA 
PoAHH KO.iaH - BHAH HOCH.iail, 
11.10, Ul 

PoHan; 366 

CaAHima H36op ii cnpeMaKi 

ca^eae 285 
Galeae bluhkhx. BobaKa 
Cabe&e Bobasa ua ru.niM socaHa 

Ca^e&e Bohasa ua xyMHhHMa 
(!al,cif.i' Bohasa nope a ayroBa 808 

CBeT.iocT 51 

87 
1 

u.a'i'' 87 

BOkHOr ccMrna 107 
(Jlira.lllll,<; — BHAH KOp6HOB6 I 
- BHAH | 

Cspo > 15, 19 

Chobbs 

1 17 
loiwiiiiia - im.in CUOAOTOK 

iK.iii,.- 241 



452 



BOUKE H BOUE 



Copxe ja6yKa 3a rajeite no HMa- 
H>HMa, nopeA nyTOBa, y Bokfta- 
HHMa, rpa^HHaMa h ABopnniTHMa 

256, 258, 260, 251 

CopTe KpymaKa 3a rajeae no HMa- 
ftHMa, nopeA nyTOBa, y Bok&a- 
HHMa, rpaAHHaMa h ABopnniTHMa 

257, 259, 260, 251 
CuajaH>e KAHHacro 202 
Cnajame Ha em\aecKH Hainii 197 
Cnajaite o6h^ho 196 

Cnajaae npeceA-iacro 204 
Cnajaae ca OTpaHe 204 
Cnajaffie ceA-aacTO 203 
Cnajaae ceA-iacTo, emviecKO 203 
Cprc 24 

CpjKHa JKH.ia 21 
Cpa:HH Tpann 26 
Cpne — bhah cpat 

Cp^ — BHAH CpJK 

Cp^eBHHa — bhah jeApan, 

CTa6AeHn;e 38 

CTad^io 24 

Oy6Hh 35 

CyHnna — bhah Ma,iHHa 

Cyma 354 

CymeH>e .aHmka 421 

Ton.iOTa 53 
Tpan^eae Bota 443 
Tpemfta 67, 68 



TpH6o6a — bhah orpo3 
Tpy^cfte jKH^a 418 
Tpy^eae CTa6.ia 417 
Ty^aK 35 

y^LeHHKOB ABOOKCHA 51 

y^a eTapcKa 16 
Yiba MacHa 16 

X-aopooHiiHa 3pHn;a 19 
XpaHe, KpyateBe 42 
XpaH>eae BokaKa 40 

UfieT 34 

U,BeTaH>e BokaKa 46 

Il^BeTHH upax 34 

IJe.fly.ao3a 15 

ll,pHa TpenmeBa 30Jba 395 

Mama 34 

^Hwheae Bohaua 329 
^foiaanH — bhah pHOH3.ia 
^yBaae Boka 440 

fflapeHHK 390 
niehep 16, 20 

IUe<i»Te.iHJa — bhah 6pecKBa 
III^hbob CMOTaBan, 371 
m^bHBOBa nnna 369 
HlMaiLaK — bhah orpo3 
IIT^»HBa 71 

HlTHpaK — BHAH CKpo6 



I'd a it mi je uiTaMnapcKe rpeniKe 

• Ha HeuoAHKO MecTa uiTaMnaHO je Kpncjbyiuu m. KpoKJbyme ; Ha 
CTp. 67 p. 27 uere/bKOM m. ueuejbKOM ; cTp. 112 p. 11 u m. y ; CTp. 151 
p. 22 upeca^ueame M. upucafjueaTbe ; CTp. 15.) p. 25 u pacTHio M. y 
pacTnao; CTp. 164 p. 31 uMa m. je; CTp. 209 p. 4 ca. 95 m. 98; CTp. 
319 p. 2 y m. oa; CTp. 326 uoa cihkom p. 3 uocjiyza m. uojiyza. — 
^pyre CHTHHje rpemKe moKh he iHTaaan; yo^HTH caM. 



-• S^3- 



H3flAM CPflCKE KRHWEBHE 3A«PyrE 



I ko.io (1892) 

1. 3Khbot h npHKjLyneHHja ^iiMKTpnja OGpa^o- 
BHfia, CBecKa I, :ia mTaxny npHpeAHO h npeAroBop Hauncao JK 
nonoBHL. Hena 1 B 40 ahh. 

2. C Mopa h ca cyBa , npTe ap- Mn^aHa JoBaeoRHLa 
IJeHa 1*40 ahh. 

3. ^XaBopje J. C. IIonoBnha, aa uiiaiiiiy npnpeAHO h pe*i- 
bhk h npe,\roBop Haimcao JbyCoMnp CTojanoRnh. IJeHa 1*40 ahh. 

4. EaKOH>a <£pa-EpHe, naiiHcao Chmo MaTaByjb; c pei- 
hhrom n iipeAroBopoM Jby6. JoBanoBHha. H,ena 2 ahh. 

5. ^pamaTCKH CnHCH KocTe Tpn*KOBnha, csecKa I, ;sa 
mTaMiiy npnpeAHO h npeAroBop nanncao J\,aeeao A. SiHBaAeiJHh. 
IJeHa 1-40 Am. 

6. ZcTHHCKa Ctny«5a, nanncao H. II. UoTaueHKo, upe- 
Beo M. lo. MHJHheBHfe. Hena 1-40 ahh. 

7 HcTopnja CpncKora Hapo^a, c noraeAOM HancTO- 
pujy cyceAHHx XpsaTa h Byrapa, nanncaan Jbj6. KoBa^eBHh h 
Jby6. JoBanoBHh, cBecna I. Uena 1*40 ahh. 

II ko.io (1893) 

8. SKhbot h IIpiiKjbyHeHHja #HMHTpnja OOpa^o- 
BHfea, CBecna II, aa niTaMiiy npHpeAHO n noroBop h pe^nnK ua- 
QHcao JK. IIoiiOBHh. II,eea 1'40 ahh. 

9. MeMoapH IIpoTe MaTHje HeHa#OBnfea, 3a mTaMiiy 
npHpeAHO h npeAi'OBop, perHCTpe h pennnK Hauncao yby6oMHp Ko- 
BaieBHh. II,eHa 2*80 ahh. 

10. ^Ba H^Oifia, naimcao BoroGoj ATaHau,ROBnh, 3a inTaMuy 
npHpeAHO h npeAroBop nauncao Aiupa raRpnaoBnh. U,eHa 2 ahh. 

11. KJameHO JXo5a, nauncao JoBau JKyjoBnL Hena 2 ahh. 

12. IIpBe SKpTBe, iipnuoBeTKa hj cpiicKe upooLiocTH, Ha 
nHcao AHApa TaBpn^OBKh. Hena 1*40 ahh. 

13. Kg IlpHpo^e, Maan ciihch Ap. JocH*a IlaHinha, 3a 
mTaMiiy npnpeAHO u iipeAronop nauncao JK. JKHnaiioBah. H,ena 2 ahh. 

14. C *paHi;ycKor IlapHaca, npesoAH BaaAHMnpa M. 
JoBanoBnha. H,ena 2 ahh. 

Ill so,io (1894) 

IB . AHTOJiomja £y*poBaHKe JlHpHKe.ua mTaMiiy upn- 
peAHO h ipeATOBOp h peim nauncao Miuan Penerap. Hena 1 ahh. 

16. Tbmo 8mo no HcTOicy, upTe ,ii>. Miuaiia .'oBaHo- 
BHha, CBecK;i I. e i" "iiiHKOM h c KapTOM IIiuncKoia OneaHa ■ 
oeojhhx ueMaAa. l(ena 11" ahh. 

17. IleCMe JoBana ILinhn, :ia mTaMiiy upnpeAno A>y6. 
CTOjanoBHh. Uena 1 ahh 

18. ^pawaTCKH Ciihch KocTe Tpn*KOBnha, cBecua II, 
at mTaMiiy npnpeAHO h npeAroBop naiiHcao A&n. A. JKHnaAeBHL 
Hena 1 ahh 



19. Bo^eHHija Ha $«jioch, nanncao ljopn Eahot, npeBeo 
c eHrjecKora AnApa HnKo-inh, CBecKa I. IJeHa 1-40 ahh. 

20. Bo^eHHi;a Ha $>cZzocii, Hanncao IJopn Eahot, npeBeo 
c eHi\aecKora AHApa HhroahIi, CBecKa II. Il,eHa 1*40 ahh. 

21. HcTopHja Cpncicora ■ Hapo^a, c noraeAOM Ha hcto- 
pHJy cyceAHax XpBaTa h Byrapa, nannca-in Jb. KoBa^eBnh h JL. 
JoBaHOBHb, ceecKa II. II,eHa 1 ahh. 

IV koao (1895) 

22. BacHe ^ocHxeja OopaAOBnta, CBecKa I, 3a uiTaMny npn- 
peAHO h npeAroBop Hanncao AHApa HhkojhIi. D,eHa 1*40 ahh. 

23. /tpyra HeBaHHja 3Maja J. JoBaHOBnha, CBecKa I, 
3a mTaMDy npnpeAno h npeAroBop nanncao MnayTHH K. ^.pary- 
thhobhIi. U,ena 2 ahh. 

24. Hho CTapHjnx npnnOBe^aKa, 3a mTaMny npnpeAHO 
h npeAroBop Hanncao AHApa raBpnaoBHti. U,eHa 2 ahh. 

25. TaMO aMO no HcTOKy, upTe ap- MnaaHa JoBaHO- 
BHta, CBecKa II, c peiHHKOM. JL^eua 2 ahh. 

26. BHjecHH PojraH^o, cujeBao Aoaobhko ApnocTo, npe- 
njeBao ^parnma (JTaHojeeHh, CBecKa I, c npeAroBopon, nanoMeHaMa 
n pe^HHKOM. IJeBa 2 ahh. 

27. TapTH$ h TBp^Hi;a, KOMeAHJe oa Moanjepa, npe- 
bcih JoBaH TaopfyeBnh h AP- BjaAaH r EopfyeBnii, 3a mTaMny npn- 
peAHO h npeAroBop Hanncao JoBaH 'Baja. jjeua 1-40 ahh. 

28. Hs Hayice o CBewiocTH, Hanncao Uopbe M. Ora- 
nojeBHh, c npeAroBopoM h 158 canKa. Il,eHa 2 ahh. 

V koao (1896) 

29. EacH8 ^.ocHTeja OSpaAOBnta, cBecita II, 3a niTaMny 
npnpeAHO h noroBop Hanncao AuApa HhkojihIi. II,eHa 2 ahh. 

30. £pyra IleBaHHja 3iiaja J. JoBaHOBnka, cBecua II, 
«a mTaMny npnpeAHO Mn.ayTHH K. 4,paryTHHOBHh. U,eHa 3 ahh. 

31. CcTiHKe ii8 ceocicora aciiBOTa, Hanncao JaHKo M. 
Bece-iHHOBHh, CBecKa I. U,eHa 2 ahh. 

32. To#op o# CTaeZiafea, TpareAnja y neT inHOBa, eann- 
cao Mnjiom HbcthIi. JJ,eHa 2 ahh. 

33. EnjecHH POcTiaH^o, cnjeBao Aoaobhko ApnocTO, npe- 
ujeBao ^pamma CTaHtjeBnh, CBecKa II, c HanoMeHaMa n pe^HHKOM. 
IJeHa 3 ahh. 

34. ^eBajTHC, poMan oa Mapnje PotjeBn^eBHe, npeBeo c 
noACKora HnKO-ia MaHojaoBnk — PaJKO. IJena 3 ahh. 

35. KiLHra o o#paB«zby, cpncKo H3Aafte upnpeAno AP- 
Mn^aH JoBaHOBnh — BaTyT, ca 53 canKe y TeKCTy n 2 3ace6He 
Ta6jmn,e y oojn. IXeHa 3 ahh. 

VI koao (1897) 

36. SKHTHje TepacHMa 3e«ziHka apxHMaH^pHTa, cBe- 
csa I, 3a mTaMny npnpeAno II. D. r Bop^eBnt». IJena 2 ahh. 

37. EocaHHHne, KpaTBe npn^e H3 CapajeBa, ncnpn^ao 
MnTa 2KhbkobhI>. Ilena 2 ahf. 



38. TopcBH IJap, poMan. Hanacao Cbotoahk II. Pauso- 
8nh. HeHa 3 ahh. 

39. BnjeCHH PojiaH^o, cujeBao Aoaobhko Aphocto, iipe- 
ajeBao 4,parHma OraHOJeBHh, CBecKa III, c HanoMeeaMa h pe i iHH- 
kom. Uen;i 3 ahh. 

40. BnjeCHH Po«flaH#o, cujeBao ./Ioaobhko Aphocto, npe- 
ajeBao AparHma CTaHOJeBHh, CBecsa IV, c nanoMeHaMa, peuHH- 
kom h iioroBopoM. U,eHa 3 ahu. 

41. HcTopHja Kapjia XII oa Bo-iTepa, npeBeo Crojae 
HosaKOBHti. Uena 3 ahh. 

42. IIo^aeMHe BO#e, ae^aHi:, issboph, 6yHapn, Tep- 
ace h MHHepa^He BO^e. nauncao ap- Cbgtojhk PaAOBanoBHh, 
ea 4'» ciHKa. Uena 2 ahh. 

43. 3aBjeT, ApaMaT y 1 <iHna. uauiicao Chmo MaTaBy* 
Uena 2 ahh. 

VII kojo (1898) 

44. DKHTHje repacHMa 3e^nfea apxHMaH^pHTa, cBe- 
CKa II, 3a mTaMny upHpeAHO II. II. TiopijeBHk. UeHa 3 ahh. 

45. Encice necr.ie JoBaHa CyGoTHha, CBecKa I, *a 
mTaMny upHpeAHO h upeAroBop Hanacao ./bytfoMHp OojaHOBak, 
[Jena 3 ahh. 

46. IIpHnoBeTKe Aaze K. JlaaapeBuha, CBecKa I, 3a 
nTaMuy npnpeAHO h upeAroBop HaiiHcao JBy5oHHp JoBanoBHh 
UeHa 2 ahh. 

47. Tope £cvie n0 Hanyjby, uyTHHiKe upTHue AP- 
Ma^ana JoBanoBHha, aa mTaMny npapeAao Ap. HaKoaa ByaHh. 
npeAroBop Hanacao A. TaBpiiJOBya. UfiBtk 2v>0 ahh. 

4b. yje^Hoeoe Hewranice, Haimcao ap- AP ar0A y r ' M. 
naBioBHh. Uena 3 ahh. 

49. Be:-c$H«fl£CKH CBeuiTeHHK, Hamcao 0.iHBep Vqaa- 
cmht, upeBeo h upeAroBop Hamcao ap- .foyGoMHp HeAHh. Uena 
2 ahh a]> a. 

50. Toaaaea, aa mTaMny upnpeAHo b 
upeAroBop Hanacao A&huao Ik'TpaiioBiiii. Uena 1 ahh. 

VIII bojo (1899) 

raja OtipaAOBaaa, sa m 

■papejao Mbj l,|»aiyniii<>iiiiii. \{vi\:i '2 ABB. 

52. iTtapoiee MH.iyTMiiMiiiii.a Capajiaje, c 

paaoiaaa \U-wa 2 abb. 

53. ITp;- II. :ta 
mTaMny ii] IOBB&. II.' -iia •"> ASH. 

54. Cjuj . )Ta, aaoHcao Jaa 

i II. Il.cna 2 Aim. 

55. Hbbob8 cvraBa, npaoo • CpeMia* H«»h 

2 AH II 



56. Hc«flaH£CKH pnCap, poMaH njepa Aoinja, c <&paH- 
uycKora npeB&aa Tnanja 3,o«HJaHHteBa. IJeHa 2 ahh. 

U7. Bofeice h BOfee, Hanncao Eaaroje ToAopoBnk. U,eHa 
4 AHHapa. 

CBa AOcaAaniH>a maa KH>nra Mory ce ao6hth npeso noBepe- 
HHKa nan HenocpeAHO oa J T upaBe CpncKe KftnateBHe 3aApyre, h to: 
I, II h IV no ueHy oa 7. Ill no n,eHy oa 6, V, VI, VII n VIII no 
UOHy oa 10, a cuaso-af lajeAHO no neH? oa 6 Annapa oa koas,. 



3ABABHHK 

CPnCKE K&H2KEBHE 3A£Pyr T E 

cTaje 3a CBe 3aApyrape roAnm&e ^eTnpn AHHapa hjih KpyHe, 32 
He3aApyrape ceAan AHHapa nan KpyHa ; y3 to, Ao6poTBopn, ochh- 
Ba*m n noBepeHnnn AoCaBajy 6ecnjiaTno h .aene TBpAe Kopnne, 
aa^a ce cbpiqh Koje oa Ada Koja H3.aa3e y »3a6aBHHKy«. 

ToAHHa npBa „3a6aBHHKa* (cBecKe 1—6) nua 0Ba Ae-ia: 

1. OSeTiOMOB, pojiaH y leTupn Aeaa, Hanncao II. A. 
Touiapob, upeBeo c pycnora Mhaobah "B. r.anmn'K. . . 4* — ahh. 

2. Boropo^HHHHa IJpKBa, poiiaH y Tpn Ae-ia, 
Hanncao B. Hro, npeBeo c apannycKora ^fdiah A. 'Bo- 
snia. (CBpmeTaK je y »3a6aBHHKy» 3a 1899 roAnny.) • . 3' — ahh. 

3. IIpjmoBeTKe I, y kojoj cy 36npn,n obh upeBOAH: Op- 
ry^Ain h3I1ohhkjia, Hanncao XeHpnx CeHKJeBnk ; Cbeii,h PATyjy, 
Hanncao TaOBaHH Bepra; Jo-iahthhh cbatobh, Hanncao XepMaH 
CyAepMaH; IItba beahka upauika titobhha nAyn,HMA, Hanncao Aa- 
AHCjiaB CTpoyneffiHHU,KH ; jKah TyPAOH, Hanncao Emha 3o.aa ; ^abha 
Cbeh, Hanncao H. Xotoph; IVnmAP, nanncao XepMaH CyAepMaH, 
Hpebpaha nniEHHHA, Hanncao H. C. .foecKOB; n Tph aebojhhii,e; 
Hanncao II0.1 Bypae. pachpoaaho. 

ToAHHa APyra »3a6aBnnKa« (cb. 7 — 12) HMa OBa Ae-ia: 

1. Eoropo^H^iraa ijpKBa, poMaH y Tpn Ae-aa, Hanncao 
B. Hro, npeBeo c <&paHn,ycKora ^yniAH A. 'Bokh'e. (CBpmeTaK.) 

2. £aBH# Konep$H«n#, poMaH, Hanncao *L ^hkehc, npe- 
Beo c eHr-iecKora ^patomhp M. Jahkobh'r. (HacTaBnfee ce n y CBe- 
CKana 1900 roAHHe.) 

3. PaT h wrap, poMaH, Hanncao A H. To-icth, upeBe-m 
c pycnora Okhha r.aynmEBH'R n Mhaobah r B/r^nnie , R. (HacTaBnte 
ce n y CBecKaMa 1900 toahhc.) 

4. npunoBeTiee II. (Ahta, Hanncao B0.1ec.aaB Ilpyc; Jy- 
hak HAniErA aoba, Hanncao ,4 0MeHHK( > PoBGTa; Ctpatohhka, Ha- 
nncao Jyanje 3ejep ; IEhpoka ujie-ra, Hanncao $pnApnx TIIuHAxa- 
rew ; Ha nPE;iowy, Hannca-aa O. H. ^IjyMHHa, n Apyre npnnoBeTKe.) 



SB Todorovic, Blagoje D, 
359 Vocke i voce 
T6 

Bio Med 



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